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University of California Berkeley 




(Western \ 
Edition J 

\Totables of 














This book as a whole 
and each separate subject 
which it contains is fully 
protected under copy right . 
However, we hereby re- 
lease to any established 
daily newspaper or period- 
ical, for use in any regu- 
lar issue thereof, for news 
purposes, all or any part 
of any biography or any 
portrait herein, if proper 
credit is given the 
Press Reference Lib." 

International News Service 

HE "PRESS REFERENCE LIBRARY" is primarily a publisher's 
utility library a work of reference wherein can be found in 
correct form, the basic facts, from birth down to date, regard- 
ing the lives of men of note and substantial achievement, as 
well as the younger men, whose careers are certain, yet still 
in the making, together with half tones from latest photographs of the men 
referred to. 

Modern newspapers and periodicals attach great importance to illustra- 
tion; in fact, most editors regard it as of equal importance with news. 

Newspapers require pictures of persons and places for reproduction with 
current happenings. Although they exhaust every resource to secure up-to- 
date photographs, they often are compelled to reprint old-style line cuts or 
wash drawings, and in the majority of cases have no picture at all. 

The facts regarding men are often jumbled owing to the necessity of 
gathering them from whatever source available on a moment's notice. 

Every precaution has been taken to have the facts herein correct in every 
detail and the photographs of recent date. 

The work will be the ready reference book of the newspaper editor, 
writer and artist. 

This publication will go to all the International (Hearst) News Service 
and leading Associated Press and United Press, News Service papers in the 
United States, and to the leading illustrated weekly and monthly publica- 
tions under the classification of "National Periodicals." While the natural 
home of the Press Reference Library is the newspaper and periodical Edi- 
torial Room, the work will, in additio n, be placed by the International News 
Service, in all the leading public and college libraries of the country. 

oftfje Wiorlb ta tfje 
rapine* of (great Jfflen" Carlple 

Itoeg of tlje men in tfjte publica= 

tion stand out ag notable examples* of 

tijr tppc of men luijo Ijaue lent ti)ctr sf 

force or capital, sf or botlj, to tfje up= 

tiuilbing of tijr <&reat OTcst. r JHanp 

of tljem pioneereb tfjrougt tfje ijarb= $r 

sljtps of tljc earl.v bays, tofnlc otijers 

battleb brabclu against toppling tooms 

anb prolongeb brprcsstcms of a periob 

noto padt in itid ?KEej!tern country. 

(^tfjerd, tofjile of mor? recent 

arrival, tfje Wit&t id glab 

to number among 

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ECAUSE the great West frowned on the white man and pre- 
sented to his advance its redoubts of desert, mountains of 
rock, withering heat, vast pathless stretches, inhabited by sav- 
age beasts and more savage barbarians, the white man con- 
quered it. 

He transformed its frown into a smile; he turned its quivering blasts of 
desolating heat into the calorics of fructification, and with the calm courage of 
the superior mind, obliterated or tamed its barbarians, and quenched its arid- 
ity by uncovering its hidden sources of water; so that today what was forty 
years ago the most forbidding, has become the most inviting region of the 
country the West. 

The reaches which were then cropped only with the desolation of the 
wilderness, now surpass in return for man's toil, those valleys of beauty and 
promise which in the beginning of the nation lured with their promise of 
luxurious ease. 

Half a century ago, there was nothing between the outposts of business 
and cultivation along the Missouri River and the sands of the Pacific, which 
promised aught but a heart-breaking struggle with the untoward. 

In the time that has passed of one generation, American indomitable- 
ness has dotted the West with the bones of gold-seekers and homesteaders; 
men by the thousands have marched, tortured by thirst, shriveled by pitiless 
suns, stiffened by icy blasts, fighting, starving, dying, over flat acres and tow- 
ering mountains, then counted worse than worthless, acres and mountains 
which today are greater in their returns than all the riches which pictured in 
the phantasmagoric dreams of the Argonauts. 

In those former days, the Great American Desert filled a large space 
in the maps in the school geographies; and when in 1847, by the Treaty of 
Guadalupe de Hidalgo, the nation secured the larger portion of the territory 
now forming our greater West and Southwest, it was obtained for political 
purposes alone ; its value to the list of national assets was as absurd in the pub- 
lic mind as later was the purchase of Alaska, which for a decade caused Sec- 
retary of State Seward to be regarded as either an incompetent or a dement. 

Nothing brings to the fore more sharply, the capacity of the American 
to accomplish the impossible, than the facing of the impossible. 


The Great American Desert is now unknown. 

What has been brought about by the men of America in what was the 
Far West, is almost of the impressiveness of a miracle. 

A miracle brought about by staunch courage in constant strife, because 
of the love of strife with Nature in her most fiercely hostile phase. 

It needed men to do this task, and these men were on the firing line dur- 
ing the combat; some of them fell, but their work remains a part of the Na- 
tion's bequest to posterity. 

Many of them still live and work, and at need fight, and are among 
and of us in the day's work. 

It is of these men who have had part in creating this empire of fertility 
where they found only the abomination of sterility, for these are the men 
who transformed the bleak, desolate waste into the shining West of Plenty 
and whose brain made everything possible to the West, that this volume treats. 

They are the men who fought Nature's obstacles and turned the seas of 
sand into pleasant fields; who went under and into the ground and took from 
its depths the treasures of ingots and oil; they dug, they bored, they plowed, 
they planted, they built aqueducts and reservoirs; they joined the East and 
the West and the Northwest and the Southwest with bands of steel ; they were 
the pioneer corps of business; they herded their cattle on the many thousand 
hills, they built factories and cities, and their work has made this country one 
whole, throbbing, united body politic, and body commercial. 

They are the kind of men who when San Francisco was destroyed 
turned their backs on the past and wrought out for their city a future more 
illustrious than its mighty past. 

They have removed the Far West from the map; they have made the 
East and West blend. 

First that Great American Desert yielded to them and was swept 
from the map; they are doing the same thing with the dreaded Llano Esta- 
cado of Texas with plow and pasture; they have changed that dread mys- 
terious region, the delta of the Colorado, into farms that yield fortunes to the 
acre; what were the "cow counties," by this work have become the admira- 
tion of the world; from what was the bleak Northwest, they send forth to 
all the world a continuous stream of golden grain and ruddy fruit, while they 
have made its timber and mineral wealth attain undreamed of proportions; 
they have dotted the West with American homes, and stirred these communi- 
ties with American business and enterprise, so that schools and colleges 
shadow the old-time strongholds of the Indian. 

You see their work from the time you leave the Missouri River until 
you stand on the shore of the Pacific ; from Mexico to Canada ; it is written in 
and by the West, the Southwest, the Northwest; the work of these men and 
their fellows and the tales of what was, seem incredible in the face of what is. 

What their forbears did generations before in New England, these 
men have done many fold over. 

Their work completes the conquering of a continent. 



IXBY, JOTHAM, Pioneer Stock 
Raiser and Capitalist, Long 
Beach, California, was born at 
Norridgewock, Maine, January 20, 
1831. He comes from the old stock 
of New Englanders who settled 
in Maine in the early days- and who previously 
had come from Massachusetts. His father was 
Ainasa Bixby and his mother Fanny (Weston) 

Mr. Bixby's maternal great-grandfather was 
Joseph Weston, a pioneer of Maine, who, in the 
first year of the Revolutionary War, gave his life 
to the Republic. He volunteered his services as a 
woodsman guide to lead the ill-fated expedition of 
Benedict Arnold against Quebec through the path- 
less forests of Maine and was killed in the dis- 
charge of his duty. 

On December 4, 1862, at San Juan Bautista, 
California, Mr. Bixby married Margaret Winslow 
Hathaway, second daughter of the Rev. George W. 
Hathaway, of Skowhegan, Maine. By this union 
there have been born seven children George Hath- 
away, Mary Hathaway (deceased), Henry Llewellyn 
(deceased), Margaret Hathaway (deceased), Rosa- 
mond Read (deceased), Fanny Weston and Jotham 
Winslow Bixby. 

Mr. Bixby received his education in the common 
schools of his native State. Being one of ten chil- 
dren, and realizing that there were few opportuni- 
ties for him in Maine, he determined to go to Cali- 
fornia, which at that time was attracting the eyes 
of the civilized world. The gold rush was on, and 
in 1852, Jotham Bixby found himself aboard the 
ship Samuel Appleton, California-bound. The ship 
went around the Horn and Mr. Bixby was- landed in 
San Francisco, the Mecca City for adventurers and 
gold seekers from all parts of the globe. 

In July, of the same year, Mr. Bixby, in com- 

pany with his elder brother and several others who 
went out with him from his home village, entered 
the mining region near Volcano, in Amador County, 
California. He continued in placer mining for 
about five years and acquired a small amount of 

In 1856, he went into sheep raising and the 
wool business and the following year moved south 
to San Luis Obispo County, California, near San 
Miguel. He remained there in close attention to 
his growing flocks for about nine years. 

The name and fame of Southern California had 
commenced to impress itself on a few of the 
far-sighted and, in 186G, Mr. Bixby sold his inter- 
ests- in San Luis Obispo County, intent on settling 
near Los Angeles. A short time previous to this 
he and his equal partner in the well known pioneer 
firm of Flint, Bixby & Company, of which his 
elder brother, Llewellyn Bixby, was also a member, 
had purchased from John Temple the fertile and 
well-watered Rancho Los Cerritos, containing over 
27,000 acres-. 

This vast tract of land, which lies east of the 
San Gabriel River and fronts the Pacific Ocean, in- 
cludes the present townsites of Long Beach and 
Clearwater, and the Llewellyn or New River dis- 
trict. Mr. Bixby was half owner and in full man- 
agement of the property and soon became known 
as one of the largest and wealthiest stock raisers 
in Southern California. With his indomitable force 
of character, he gradually worked his way to the 
front. He made additional land purchases, financed 
numerous worthy development projects and became 
known as one of the most progressive citizens of 
Southern California. 

As their flocks enlarged and their profits in- 
creased, Mr. Bixby and his associates purchased 
17,000 acres of the Palos Verdes Rancho, and a one- 
third interest in Los Alamitos- Rancho, of 26,000 



acres. Later he purchased, individually, 6000 acres 
in the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana, as well as 
business properties in and around Los Angeles. 

With this expansion of holdings his stock was cor- 
respondingly increased and at times he had 30,000 
head of sheep on his ranges. From this herd 200,- 
000 pounds of wool were obtained yearly. In later 
years he raised horses and cattle as well as- sheep. 
Now his principal live stock interest is in Holstein- 
Friesian cattle and in scientific dairying. 

Mr. Bixby has been one of the most important 
factors in the upbuilding of the city of Long Beach, 
which has- been reared on a part of the land form- 
erly owned by him, and stands today one of 
the most progressive municipalities of the Pacific 
Coast. He was one of the original incorporators 
of the town, aided in laying out its streets and ave- 
nues, organized various business- enterprises, in- 
cluding the first bank, and was instrumental in 
furthering the city's interests in so many ways that 
he was given the honorary title of "The Father of 
Long Beach." The city has a population of approxi- 
mately 25,000 persons- and won distinction among 
the cities of the Union by showing a growth in 
population of nearly seven hundred per cent during 
the decade from 1900 to 1910, the greatest increase 
of any city in the United States. To Mr. Bixby, 
who witnessed and aided the transformation of the 
place, this record was a source of great satisfac- 
tion, for in his latter years he is working as eagerly 
for its- growth as he did at the beginning of the 
task of making a city. 

Aside from the practical work of adding to the 
commercial importance of Long Beach, Mr. Bixby 
and his family have, by their force of character, 
had a strong influence on governmental and civic 
affairs in general, with the result that Long Beach, 
a city of beautiful homes, is one of the cleanest, 
physically and otherwise, in the country, and noted 
as one of the most refined resorts in the West. 

Despite his prominence in public affairs, Mr. 
Bixby has never had any political ambitions and 
consequently has never appeared as a seeker or 
candidate for any public office, although, as a rec- 
ognition of his great work for his adopted State he 
could probably have had any office within the gift 
of the people of his section. He has always taken 
an interest in politics to the extent of assuring 
clean, progressive government, but in the main 
his work has been that of a developer of resources 
and his appearances in public affairs have been 
limited to service on special bodies engaged in the 
promotion of movements for the benefit of the city. 

Mr. Bixby has now turned over the management 
of some of his interests to his sons. At the same 
time he takes a keen interest in looking after busi- 
ness details, particularly of his farming interests, 
his confidence in his own judgment therein being 
fully justified by the fact that farming formed the 
foundation of his fortune. 

He is President of the Bixby Land Company, the 
Palos Verdes Company, the Jotham Bixby Company, 
and many smaller corporations; Vice President of 
the Alamitos Land Company, the Alamitos Water 
Company, First Vice President of the National 
Bank of Long Beach, and Vice President of the 

Long Beach Savings & Trust Company, being asso- 
ciated in some of these enterprises with other mem- 
bers of his family connection and in others with 
that eminent Pacific Coast financier, Isaias W. 

In addition to the interests mentioned, Mr. Bix- 
by has been interested in various other enter- 
prises, including orange growing, manufacturing, 
irrigation and cattle. He was President of the 
Chino Valley Cattle Company of Arizona for sev- 
eral years, this company being engaged in the 
sheep raising business at Ash Fork, Arizona, on an 
extensive scale. The direct management he turned 
over to his son Harry L. Bixby, who conducted the 
business until his- death in 1902, and since that time 
it has been in the hands of others. Another im- 
portant concern which Mr. Bixby helped to or- 
ganize and push to success was the Pacific Cream- 
ery Company, of Buena Park, Orange County, Cali- 
fornia, engaged in the manufacture of condensed 
milk and cream, with a monthly output of nine 
thousand cases of evaporated milk and cream. 

Several years ago Mr. Bixby resigned from the 
office of President of the National Bank of Long 
Beach to take the less confining, though active 
office of First Vice President of the bank, in which 
capacity he serves. 

On December 4, 1912, Mr. and Mrs. Bixby cele- 
brated the golden anniversary of their wedding in 
their magnificent home at Long Beach, facing Bixby 
Park, a beauty spot he presented to the city. They 
welcomed more than eighty guests, many of whom 
were their children and grand-children, and, fol- 
lowing the wedding luncheon, a great family re- 
union was held. 

On this occasion, Mr. Bixby, strong and alert at 
the age of eighty-one, received congratulations 
from scores of friends in all parts of the country 
who admire him as a man, and appreciate his work 
in upbuilding the substantial City of Long Beach, 
built on the land where formerly his sheep and 
cattle grazed. The couple received numerous gifts 
commemorating their fiftieth anniversary of 
wedded life, one of these being a handsome silver 
vase three feet in height, sent by the officers and 
directors of the National Bank of Long Beach, of 
which he was one of the organizers and the first 
President, and the Long Beach Savings & Trust 

Mr. Bixby long occupied a comfortable, but by 
no means ostentatious residence overlooking the 
Pacific Ocean at Long Beach, but in September, 
1911, he purchased the magnificent residence built 
there two years before by A. D. Meyers, a mining 
man, which is one of the most palatial residences 
in Southern California, and occupies a commanding 
position on the bluff above the ocean. 

There he is rounding out the evening of a most 
active life in close and happy companionship with 
his wife and his surviving children and grand- 
children, who, best of all, know and appreciate the 
simple, unaffected and generous, but entirely vigor- 
ous traits of character which make this stalwart 
scion of a hardy and conscientious race a true 
historic representative of the best and most char- 
acteristic in the transformation of early California. 


IXBY, GEORGE H., Banking, Long 
Beach, California, is a native of 
that state, having been born on 
Independence Day, 1864, at San 
Juan Bautista, San Benito Coun- 
ty. He is the oldest son of 
Jotham Bixby, the famous Southern California 
pioneer and settler, and Margaret (Hathaway) 
Bixby. His mother's father, the Reverend George 
W. Hathaway of Skowhegan, Me., was a graduate 
of Williams College and of 
the Andover Theological 
Seminary and served 
through the Civil War as 
chaplain of one of the Maine 

Mr. Hathaway traced in 
direct descent to Governor 
William Bradford, who came 
over in the Mayflower and 
was the first Governor of 
Plymouth Colony, and to 
Kenelm Winslow, a brother 
of Edward Winslow, the sec- 
ond Governor of the colony. 
On his fatner's side, Mr. 
Bixby traces, as do probably 
all the families of that name 
scattered in various parts of 
the country, to Joseph Bixby, 
who came over from England 
in the early Puritan immi- 
gration and settled in Mas- 
sachusetts, from which state 
his descendants kept push- 
ing out to the frontier in 
many directions. 

This branch of the family 
settled in Maine, and Mr. 


immediately took up part of his father's interests 
at that place, becoming secretary of the Alamitos 
Land Company. For several years he remained in 
this position, studying the business conditions of 
that vicinity and acquainting himself with his 
father's extended properties and holdings. About 
the year 1901 he was appointed Vice President 
and Manager of the Bixby Land Company and of 
the Palos Verdes Land Company, his father re- 
taining the presidency of these corporations, but 
looking to his son to assist 
him in the management of 

From that time down to 
date he has had his time 
well employed in managing 
and directing the various 
companies in which he holds 
office and in working for the 
development of the Long 
Beach community in general. 

He is a director of the Los 
Angeles Dock and Terminal 
Company, developing the 
Long Beach Inner Harbor; 
director of the Seaside In- 
vestment Company, owning 
and operating the Hotel Vir- 
ginia; director of the Wall 
Company Department Store; 
director Long Beach Dairy 
Company and other local cor- 
porations. He is also vice 
president of the National 
Bank of Long Beach, and 
president of the Long Beach 
Savings BanK & Trust Com- 
pany, a substantial and grow- 
ing institution. 

Jotham Bixby's maternal grandfather, named Wes- 
ton, was one of the sturdy Maine woodsmen-farmers 
who lost their lives in the service of their coun- 
try in the first year of the Revolutionary War, 
while guiding through those pathless northern for- 
ests the ill-fated expedition of General Benedict 
Arnold against Quebec. 

Mr. Bixby married in Los Angeles, on August 
31, 1887, Amelia M. E. Andrews, a native of Toronto, 
Canada, and daughter of Joshua and Dinah Eliza- 
beth Andrews, well-known old-time residents of 
the Los Nietos Valley. As a result of this mar- 
riage there are now surviving six children, Rich- 
ard A., Philip L., Margaret W., Barbara L., David 
W. and Stephen L. Bixby. 

Mr. Bixby was educated in the preparatory 
schools of Oakland, California. After graduating 
from the Sackett School in that city he entered 
Yale University, where he graduated with the de- 
gree of B. A. in 1886. In college he was a member 
of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 

On returning to Long Beach from the East, he 

As an owner of extensive land holdings through- 
out the Southwest, Mr. Bixby has been in a posi- 
tion to understand the alignment and condition of 
roads in Southern California. 

He was chairman of the Los Angeles County 
Highway Commission up to August, 1911, having 
served as Highway Commissioner for four years. 
During this time he has been occupied in studying 
the highway conditions of the county, in touring 
over the boulevards in the interests of his position 
and in laying plans for new improvements in this 

Since retiring at the end of his second term in 
this office, he is devoting his time to his banking, 
real estate, ranching and other interests in Long 
Beach and to the upbuilding of his city, his work in 
this direction placing him in the forefront of civic 

He is a member of the California Club in Los 
Angeles, the Virginia Country Club at Long Beach, 
as well as being an honorary member of the El 
Rodeo Club in the latter city. 






ANDOLPH, EPES, Railroad Presi- 
dent, Tucson, Arizona, is a son of 
Eston Randolph and Sarah Lavinia 
(Epes) Randolph, born and reared 
in Virginia. He is a member of 
.the famous Randolph family of 
that State and a descendant of 
Pocahontas, the Indian princess. He married Miss 
Eleanor Taylor of Kentucky in 1886. 

Upon completing his education, Mr. Randolph 
engaged in the railroad business in the civil engi- 
neering department and his career has been one of 
successful achievement. His life is a part of the 
history of railroad development in the United States. 

From 1876 to 1885 he was continually engaged 
in the location, building and maintenance of rail- 
ways in various Southern States and Old Mexico. 
He served several companies during this time as As- 
sistant, Locating, Resident or Division Engineer, the 
principal of these being the Alabama Great South- 
ern, the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern and the 
Kentucky Central railways. He took an active part 
in the construction of hundreds of miles of line in 
the States of Kentucky, Texas, Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, Georgia and Old Mexico. The majority of 
these properties were owned by the late Collis P. 
Huntington and associates, and during his nine 
years of activity Mr. Randolph so impressed the 
veteran Builder that he chose him for one of his 
chief aides and confidential advisers. 

In 1885 Mr. Randolph was selected by Mr. 
Huntington for Chief Engineer of the Kentucky 
Central Railroad, with headquarters at Covington, 
Kentucky, and also as Chief Engineer of the Cin- 
cinnati Elevated Railway, Transfer & Bridge 
Company. In this latter capacity he designed and 
directed the construction of the great Huntington 
bridge which spans the Ohio River, connecting 
Covington, Ky., with the city of Cincinnati. This 
structure is one of the world's great engineering 
achievements, consisting of double track railway, 
highway and pedestrian divisions, with an elevated 
approach thereto. Its erection established Mr. 
Randolph for all time in the world of engineering, 
but to this he has added greater accomplishments. 

The bridge having been completed and the 
Kentucky Central, on which he had charge of main- 
tenance, construction and reconstruction, sold to 
the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, 
Mr. Randolph, in 1890, was transferred to Lexing- 
ton, Ky., where he assumed command of the oper- 
ating and engineering departments of various 
Huntington properties. These iucluded the New- 
port News & Mississippi Valley Company, the 
Ohio & Big Sandy Company and the Kentucky 
& South Atlantic Railroad Company. He served 
as Chief Engineer and Superintendent of these three 
companies until about the middle of 1891, when he 
was transferred to Louisville as Chief Engineer and 
General Superintendent of the Chesapeake, Ohio 
& Southwestern and the Ohio Valley Railway Com- 
panies, both Huntington lines. 

As in all of his previous connections, Mr. Ran- 
dolph applied himself indefatigably to his work 
with the result that at the end of three years his 
health failed and he was compelled in the middle of 
1894 to resign his position; and for one year he 
did no work except that of giving professional 
advice to such companies as he was then serving 
in the capacity of Consulting Engineer. 

In addition to his work for the Huntington in- 
terests, Mr. Randolph, from 1885 to 1895, had a 
general practice as Consulting Engineer, serving 
various railroads and municipalities. His efforts 

were confined chiefly to bridge construction, and 
among others he supervised the construction of the 
great bridge crossing the Ohio and connecting 
Louisville with Jeffersonville, Indiana. This bridge 
exceeds its predecessor at Cincinnati by only five 
feet and is the longest single span in the world. 
Mr. Randolph built this structure for the East End 
Improvement Company of Louisville, but upon its 
completion it was sold to the Chesapeake & Ohio 
and the Big Four Railroad companies. 

Resuming active work in August, 1895, Mr. 
Randolph was appointed Superintendent for the 
Southern Pacific Company, in charge of its lines 
in Arizona and New Mexico, with headquarters at 
Tucson, Arizona. He retained this position for 
six years, resigning in August, 1901, to become 
associated with Henry Huntington, nephew of his 
earlier friend, as Vice President and General Man- 
ager of the Los Angeles Railway Company and 
the Pacific Electric Railway Company. 

Mr. Randolph was located in Los Angeles three 
years and during this time gave to the city the 
greater part of the splendid system of urban and 
interurban railways operating there today. Sum- 
marized, his work consisted of locating, construct- 
ing and operating approximately 700 miles of elec- 
tric line, a record unparalleled in the annals of 
electric railways for the same length of time. 

In the fall of 1904, Edward H. Harriman, then 
in the midst of his mighty work of development 
and railroad reconstruction, invited Mr. Randolph to 
rejoin the Southern Pacific forces, and accordingly, 
he returned to Tucson. He was eiected President 
of the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern Railway 
Company and of the Maricopa, Phoenix & Salt 
River Valley Railroad Company, in Arizona, and 
the Cananea, Yaqui River & Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany in Old Mexico, all Harriman properties. 

It was while engaged in the direction of these 
companies that Mr. Randolph, in 1905, was elected 
President of the California Development Company, 
a large irrigation project operating in the Colorado 
Desert in the State of California and Lower Cali- 
fornia, Old Mexico. The company now irrigates 
250,000 acres of land and, when the project is com- 
pleted, will irrigate 600,000 acres. In this connec- 
tion Mr. Randolph accomplished a feat which not 
only added to his fame as an engineer, but bla- 
zoned him to the world as a great public benefactor. 

President Theodore Roosevelt, about the begin- 
ning of 1907, appealed to Mr. Edward H. Harriman 
to undertake the work of damming the Colorado 
River, which had broken its banks and was empty- 
ing its entire flow into Salton Sink through a chan- 
nel previously cut and occupied by it. Salton 
Lake then had a length of fifty miles, a width of 
fifteen miles and a central depth of one hundred 
feet. Mr. Harriman in turn asked Mr. Randolph 
if he would undertake, under the aggravated con- 
ditions, to force the fugitive stream back into its 
original channel again. Mr. Randolph told him it 
could be done and undertook and accomplished the 
task, although it was generally regarded by engi- 
neers as an impossibility, for it had been previously 
undertaken and much money expended in vain. 

The following quotation, from the New York 
"Times" of April 2, 1909, is what Mr. Harriman 
had to say about the feat several years later: 

"During my trip I visited the Imperial Valley, 
where we did that work to prevent the flooding 
of the valley by the Colorado River. There is a 
picture of the dam (pointing to a snapshot) and 
and that is Randolph, the engineer who did the 
work. The other engineers said the work could 



not be done, but Randolph did it. He told me that 
the only misgiving he had while the work was go- 
ing on was that I might get tired of the racket 
and stop putting up the money. But we stood to- 
gether and the work was done. 

"We beat the river out, he (Randolph) told me, 
by only four or five days. If the Colorado River 
had not been closed then it never could have been 
closed, and all that land would have been lost; 
but the work was done, and all those 600,000 acres 
or more of land have been saved for all time." 

The closure was completed February 11, 1907, 
and the river thrown back into its old channel, the 
flow of water being 44,000 cubic feet per second 
at the time. Two hundred and fifty thousand cubic 
yards of rock and gravel were used in the dam 
and the time consumed in making the closure four- 
teen days and twenty-one hours. The dam stands 
today a monument to constructive genius and is 
a part of the permanent levee. The actual cost 
of the closure was $1,600,000 and upon its com- 
pletion Mr. Harriman had invested in the protec- 
tion of Imperial Valley, $5,000,000. This is today 
the largest irrigated district in America and its 
reclamation represents untold energy. 

Where the break which Mr. Randolph closed 
occurred in the Colorado River, the stream is 120 
feet above sea level and the bottom of Salton 
Basin is 285 feet below sea level, so that if the 
river had not been returned to its original channel 
the country would, in time, have been inundated, 
and instead of the prosperous farms and cities of 
today there would have been only Salton Sea. 

Mr. Randolph gives the major credit for this 
great work to the late Mr. Harriman, who approved 
and financed his plan of operation, and to the en- 
gineers who followed his orders; but the record 
stands, nevertheless, that he personally was the 
active agent in the great undertaking, who accom- 
plished his object against terrific odds. 

Some two years after Mr. Randolph concluded 
his task the Colorado River again broke its banks, 
about twenty miles lower down, this time emptying 
its water into Volcano Lake and thence to the 
Gulf of California. The U. S. Government in 1910 
undertook to close this break, but failed, after 
spending something like a million dollars. In the 
Summer and Fall of 1911 Mr. Randolph caused to be 
made a survey of the Lower Colorado Delta, and, 
after exhaustive study, prepared a report upon the 
whole subject. Accompanying this report were ex- 
planatory maps, profiles and estimates, all having 
in contemplation closing the break and providing 
permanent control of the Colorado. 

This report is dated November 1, 1911, and was 
submitted, through the proper channels, to Presi- 
dent Taft, who, in turn, submitted it to Congress 
in his message of February 2, 1912. Prior to that 
time a special Board of Engineers had been ap- 
pointed by Mr. Walter L. Fisher, Secretary of the 
Interior, to report upon the same subject. Gen- 
eral W. L. Marshall, formerly Chief of Engineers, 
U. S. Army, now Consulting Engineer of the Dept. 
of the Interior, was a member of this board and 
thoroughly familiar with Mr. Randolph's views. Mr. 
Randolph's recommendations, however, are at vari- 
ance with those of the Board of Engineers, and Gen- 
eral Marshall, in a letter to the Secretary of the In- 
terior, January 5, 1912, takes direct issue with Mr- 
Randolph and severely criticises his report. For fu- 
ture reference, it is well to consider this divergence 
of opinion between these two experts. 

Gen. Marshall's letter says of Mr. Randolph's pro- 
posal: "For lands in the United States this project 
is not necessary nor, in my mind, even desirable." 

Again, "Nor do I see any basis for the estimate that 
the rim of Volcano Lake, which is now thirty-four 
feet above sea level and has been so high for many 
years, will be forty feet above sea level in four 
years," this latter being Mr. Randolph's estimate. 
Mr. Randolph says that tne rim of Volcano 
Lake will, in time, be raised by deposits to an 
elevation of 67^ feet above sea level, and he pre- 
dicts that so much of this raise will have been 
accomplished within four years that it will no 
longer be practicable to prevent the water from 
escaping from Volcano Lake into Imperial Valley. 
In other words, Mr. Randolph maintains that unless 
the recommendations set forth in his report be 
substantially adopted, the Colorado River will 
again empty into Salton Sink and ultimately inun- 
date Imperial Valley, destroying the work which 
cost millions of dollars and years of labor. 

It is not within the province of the writer to 
say which of these two engineers is right and 
which wrong, but it is a question of vital interest 
to the country at large and particularly to the in- 
habitants of Imperial Valley and the Southwest; 
and the fact remains that any recommendations 
on this subject coming from Mr. Randolph, a man 
so entirely familiar with the territory and condi- 
tions involved, deserve the deepest and most se- 
rious consideration, and the public will watch the 
outcome with profound interest. 

Upon the completion of his Colorado River work, 
Mr. Randolph again devoted himself exclusively to 
the direction of the railroads under his jurisdiction. 
His principal work for several years past has been 
the location and supervision of construction of a 
line through the western part of Old Mexico, which 
he has pushed through in the face of great ob- 
stacles, natural and artificial. This line, which is 
today 1200 miles in length, has opened up a fab- 
ulously rich territory, including mining and agri- 
cultural lands, and ultimately will enter the City 
of Mexico. The road the Cananea, Yaqui River 
& Pacific was absorbed in June, 1909, by the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company of Mexico and 
Mr. Randolph was then elected its Vice President 
and General Manager. Eight months later Febru- 
ary, 1910 he was elected to the same office in the 
Arizona Eastern Railroad, formed by the consolida- 
tion of the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern and the 
Maricopa, Phoenix & Salt River Valley companies. 
In October, 1911, upon the reorganization of 
the Southern Pacific system into several depart- 
ments, he was elected President of these two roads. 
This resume of the operations of Mr. Randolph 
tells inadequately the part he has taken in the 
railroad upbuilding of the Southwest, for he was 
in close personal association with Mr. Harriman 
in the latter's great plans for the conquest of the 
Nation's waste places and during the Harriman 
epoch occupied the same position with the leader 
as he had under the Huntington regime. 

Mr. Randolph has devoted his life to develop- 
ment work, taking no active part in politics, al- 
though he has always been a stanch supporter of 
the Democratic party. In the early part of his 
residence in Arizona he was chosen a member of 
the staff of Governor McCord, and held a similar 
honor with Governor Murphy, in both instances 
with the rank of Colonel. He was assigned various 
engineering duties in the interest of the State, 
which he performed in addition to his railroad work. 
He is a member of the California, Jonathan, Los 
Angeles Country, and San Isidro Gun Clubs, Los 
Angeles, Cal.; Old Pueblo Club, Tucson; Yavapai 
Club, Prescott, and Arizona Club, Ehoenix, Ariz., 
and engineering and scientific societies. 


COTT, HENRY T., San Francisco, 
California, President of the Pa- 
cific Telephone & Telegraph Com- 
pany, and executive officer of va- 
rious interests, was born near 
Baltimore, Maryland, in 1846, the 
son of John Scott (a Quaker preacher and a strong 
supporter of the Union) and Elizabeth (Lettig) 
Scott. His paternal ancestors were among the 
earliest residents of Maryland, and the Scott home, 
now occupied by Mr. Scott's 
sister, was deeded to the fam- 
ily by Lord Baltimore. In 
1867 Mr. Scott came to Cali- 
fornia, where he has achieved 
a notable position and sue 
cess. He was married to Miss 
Elsie Horsley of England, 
and is the father of three 
children. They are W. Pres- 
cott, Harry H. and Mary Scott 
(now Mrs. Walter Martin). 
Henry T. Scott obtained 
his education in the public 
schools and at Lamb's Acad- 
emy, in Baltimore, Maryland, 
and shortly after leaving the 
latter institution he removed 
to California. 

Not long after his arrival 
in San Francisco he secured 
employment, as time-keeper, 
in the Union Iron Works, 
which at that time, though a 
comparatively small concern, 
was the leading corporation 
of its kind on the Pacific 
Coast. Here, by zealous de- 
votion to his duties, as well 

as by sheer ability, he rose rapidly, filling various 
responsible positions and finally, together with his 
brother, Irving M. Scott, becoming an indispensable 
part of the corporation. The Scotts, indeed, came 
to be regarded as the chief part, if not the whole 
institution. When, in 1883, it was organized as an 
incorporated company, Henry T. Scott was made 
the First Vice President of the Union Iron Works. 
Two years later he became President, an office he 
filled with distinction up to the time the corpora- 
tion changed hands. 

During the Scotts' control of the Union Iron 
Works the establishment was developed from a 
comparatively unimportant local concern to one of 
world-wide reputation, chiefly as a Dullder of bat- 
tleships and cruisers for the United States Navy. 
The Oregon, the Charleston, and the San Fran- 
cisco were among their first notable achievements 
in this line vessels that always a little more than 
"came up to specifications." The Oregon, in fact, 
bids fair to become historical in more than one 
respect, for a movement is now on foot to have it 


lead the naval procession through the Panama 
Canal, in celebration of the opening of that water- 

Mr. Scott's interests have now branched into a 
wide and varied field of activity, earning him the 
title among his associates, in the financial world, 
of "Pooh Bah." He is, perhaps, best known as 
President of the Pacific Telegraph & Telephone 
Company, which operates in the States of Cali- 
fornia, Oregon, Nevada and the western part of 
Idaho. This company has the 
largest single system of any 
telephone company in the 
United States, as well as the 
most extensive long distance 
lines and the greatest num- 
ber of exchange plants. Its 
capitalization is $50,000,000, 
and its subscriptions have 
reached a higher figure than 
those of any other company 
of its kind, and under the 
management of Mr. Scott it 
is rapidly expanding. 

Ever since the subject of 
the Panama-Pacific Interna- 
tional Exposition to com- 
memorate the opening of the 
Panama Canal, was first 
broached, Mr. Scott has been 
one of the most enthusiastic 
supporters of the project. He 
was one of the original or- 
ganizers of the Panama-Pa- 
cific International Exposi- 
tion Company, the directing 
organization, and has since 
been a member of various im- 
portant committees. He was 

one of the most active members of the committee 
that went to Washington during the historic con- 
test between the cities of New Orleans and San 
Francisco before Congress, which resulted in the 
California city being chosen as the site for the 
great exposition. From the time of this selection, 
Mr. Scott has given up a large portion of his time 
to the work of the exposition, giving the promoters 
of it the benefit of his long experience in engineer- 
ing and business affairs. 

Besides his Presidency of the Pacific Telephone 
& Telegraph Company, Mr. Scott is President of the 
Mercantile National Bank, Burlingame Land & 
Water Company, St. Francis Hotel Company, Co- 
lumbia Theater Building Company, Director Crocker 
National Bank, Bank of Burlingame, Crocker Es- 
tate Company, Crocker Realty Company, Crocker 
Hotel Company, City Realty Company, Moore & 
Scott Iron Works, R. N. Burgess Company, and 
Western Mortgage & Guaranty Company. 

Mr. Scott is a member of the Pacific-Union 
Club, and Burlingame Country Club. 




AMMOND, JOHN HAYS, Consulting 
Engineer, San Francisco, New 
York and London, was born in 
San Francisco, California, March 
31, 1855, the son of Major Rich- 

ard Pindle Hammond and Sarah 

Elizabeth (Hays) Hammond. His father, a native 
of Maryland, was graduated from the United States 
Military Academy in 1841 and served with distinc- 
tion in the Mexican War, retiring from the army 
with the rank of major. He afterwards settled in 
California with his- wife, who was a daughter of 
Harmon Hays, a Tennessee planter, and sister of 
Colonel John C. Hays, famous as a commander of 
Texas Rangers in the border war days. Mr. Ham- 
mond married Miss Natalie Harris, daughter of 
Judge J. W. M. Harris of Mississippi on New Year's 
day, 1880, and to them there have been born four 
sons, Harris, John Hays, Jr., Richard Pindle and 
Nathaniel Hammond. 

Mr. Hammond, who has been called the greatest 
engineering genius of his era and has conquered 
obstacles in most of the civilized and uncivilized 
parts of the world, inherited his engineering ability 
from his- father. He was also fortunate in having 
splendid educational advantages in his training 
period. He received his preliminary education in 
public and private schools, going from Hopkins 
Grammar School, at New Haven, Connecticut, to 
Yale University. He was graduated from Sheffield 
Scientific School of Yale in 1876, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Philosophy, and in 1898, twenty-two 
years later, Yale conferred upon him the degree 
of Master of Arts. Following the completion of his 
course at Yale, he studied for three years in the 
Royal School of Mines at Freiberg, Saxony, but did 
not graduate. Other collegiate honors- bestowed 
upon him in later years were the degree of Doctor 
of Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technol- 
ogy, in 1906, and that of Doctor of Laws, conferred 
upon him in 1907 by St. Johns College. 

From the time he left school Mr. Hammond has 
been progressing successfully and successively in 
the world of mining and mine engineering, until 
today, with a wonderful record of accomplishment 
behind him, he stands at the head of his profes- 
sion, this position being voted him by his contem- 
poraries in all parts of the world. 

Upon his return from Saxony, in 1880, Mr. Ham- 
mond was chosen by the United States Government 
as special expert for the Geological Survey to ex- 
amine the gold fields of California. His report on 
the gold resources of his native State, made after 
the most thorough investigation, was the most com- 
prehensive ever prepared up to that time and is 
one of the recorded government authorities. 

His work in this capacity established Mr. Ham- 
mond as one of the experts of the mining world and 
for the next few years succeeding he was in great 
demand for examination and research work. In 
1892, when he was barely thirty-seven years- of age, 
Mr. Hammond was chosen as superintendent of 
large silver properties in Sonora, Mexico, and dur- 
ing the time he was there he also examined a num- 
ber of other valuable properties, thereby gaining 
first-hand information about the mining possibili- 
ties of the Republic. 

He was called back to San Francisco from Mex- 
ico to become consulting engineer of mines in 
Grass Valley, California, and also was chosen as 
Consulting Engineer for the Union Iron Works of 
San Francisco, the Central Pacific and the Southern 
Pacific Railroads. 

The works accomplished by Mr. Hammond in 

these offices added to his reputation and he was 
commissioned to examine mining properties in all 
parts of the world. Finally, in 1893, he was sum- 
moned to South Africa by the celebrated diamond 
and gold magnates, Barnato Brothers of London and 
South Africa. This was the beginning of one of 
the most thrilling and picturesque chapters in his 
entire life, for, after a short experience in the coun- 
try, he became associated with Cecil Rhodes then 
in the midst of his great work in South Africa, as 
Chief Engineer of his enterprises, and with the im- 
mortal empire-builder he took a conspicuous part 
in that country's upbuilding. 

Mr. Hammond was one of the intimates of the 
great Rhodes in his plans and in his engineering 
triumphs not only won the respect and admiration 
of the leader, but caused a feeling among the na- 
tives of the country that made them put him in the 
clas-s of the wonder-worker. For instance, Mr Ham- 
mond turned the wild trails of certain places into 
level streets and platted cities almost over night- 
built mine elevators by which thousands of the na- 
tives were shot down into the mines in the morn- 
ing and brought back to the surface of the earth 
at evening, and accomplished other feats which so 
startled the people that they really regarded him 
as superhuman. 

As an ardent supporter of Cecil Rhodes, Mr. 
Hammond naturally came to have a prominent part 
in the political plans of his leader and was one of 
the four great leaders of the reform movement in 
the Transvaal. It was during this time that Rhodes 
stationed a body of 600 men, under Dr. Leonard 
Starr Jameson, on the border of the Transvaal to 
be prepared for any disturbances which might be 
fomented by the Uitlanders. Mr. Hammond was 
with him. Finally, Jameson made his celebrated 
raid, which resulted so disastrously, and Mr. Ham- 
mond, who was not in sympathy with the move- 
ment, was one of the chief sufferers. Dr. Jameson, 
on his own initiative, went forward one day to at- 
tack Krugersdorp, but met with such fierce resist- 
ance that even his bombardment of the town proved 
ineffectual and his attack failed. He next attacked 
Doornkoop, but after a terrific battle of thirty-six 
hours' duration, in which he lost seventeen men 
killed and forty-nine wounded, he was compelled 
to surrender to the Boers. 

Jameson and his officers were turned over to 
the British Government for punishment and Mr. 
Hammond, as one of the supposed leaders, was first 
sentenced to death for his part in the raid. This 
later was commuted to fifteen years' imprisonment 
and finally he regained his freedom by paying to 
the Transvaal Government $125,000. 

While connected with the Rhodes enterprises 
as Consulting Engineer of the Consolidated Gold 
Fields of South Africa, the British South Africa 
Company and the Randfontein Estate Gold Mining 
Company, Mr. Hammond accomplished marvels in 
the engineering work and is given credit for a 
large part of the success attaching to the develop- 
ment of Rhodesia. It was while there that he dis- 
played a side of his character that showed the big- 
ness and fairness of the man, the incident here re- 
lated being told by a warm friend of his some years 
after it occurred. 

As the story goes, Mr. Hammond, in his capacity 
of Chief Engineer, commissioned a younger man, 
in whom he had great confidence, to handle a large 
operation and this man, through an error of judg- 
ment, caused damage which meant the loss of a 
tremendous amount of money to his employers. 
Humiliated and discouraged, the younger engineer 


appeared before Mr. Hammond, told him what he 
had done and tendered his resignation. The elder 
man would not accept it, but instead told his assist- 
ant how the damage could be repaired, and then 
said to him: 

"You cannot afford to make this mistake. You 
are a young man and have your whole life before 
you. If I make this mistake, the world will not 
take it so seriously, and, as I sent you out, I will 
stand responsible for the damage." 

This he did, and the younger man, who was 
ready to abondon the work for which Mr. Hammond 
considered him born, was saved from disgrace. He 
is today one of the great and successful engineer- 
ing experts of the world. 

This is a story that Mr. Hammond never relates 
himself, nor is the writer aware that it has ever 
appeared in print before. 

Following the completion of his works in South 
Africa and his exoneration, morally, for his part 
in the Jameson raid, Mr. Hammond settled in Lon- 
don, England, and there became interested in a 
number of large mining companies in various parts 
of the world, including the United States and Mex- 
ico. In directing and overseeing these operations, 
he made many trips to the United States and other 
parts- of the world, finally returning to his native 
country to remain permanently. 

Becoming associated with the great Guggenheim 
Brothers' mining interests as Chief Engineer for the 
Guggenheim Exploration Company of New York, 
Mr. Hammond took his place at the head of his 
profession in this country, at a salary variously 
estimated from half a million to a million dollars 
per annum. All the mining operations of this gi- 
gantic concern were placed under nis personal su- 
pervision and he embarked upon one of the most 
extensive development enterprises ever known to 
the mining industry of America. He designed and 
supervised the construction of a vast system of 
canals in the placer fields of Alaska and opened up 
many valuable coal and metal properties in that 
northernmost possession of the United States. He 
also directed operations in various other parts of 
the United States, in Old Mexico and abroad, and 
made frequent trips to Russia and Siberia in the 
interest of his employers. His work in this ca- 
pacity is a part of mining history. 

A few years back, Mr. Hammond became inter- 
ested in the Yaqui River Delta Land & Water 
Company, projectors of the largest irrigation and 
general development enterprise ever undertaken in 
Mexico. This company owns more than a million 
acres of land in the Yaqui River Valley, which it is 
reclaiming and opening to settlement, and Mr. 
Hammond is one of the owners as well as Chief 
Engineer and designer of the work. 

Mr. Hammond, who is regarded abroad as the 
typification of American progress, has been a fac- 
tor in American political life fpr many years. In 
1908, at the solicitation of friends, in many States, 
he became the candidate of Massachusetts for the 
nomination of Vice President at the Republican 
National Convention, held that year in Chicago. 
Because of his great professional record and his 
personal popularity, his candidacy rapidly gained 
strength, delegates from Massachusetts, his resi- 
dence, and California, his native State, making a 
vigorous fight in his behalf. Other States, particu- 
larly the mining States of the West, rallied to his 
standard, and his headquarters, at the Congress 
Hotel in Chicago, was the scene of the greatest 
activity in the pre-convention days. 

His choice for the position of running-mate to 
Taft seemed assured and, as events proved, he 

would have been elected to the second highest of- 
fice in the land; but as the nominations were about 
to be made, Mr. Hammond became convinced that 
the election of President Taft could be made more 
certain by the selection of a New York man as 
the Republican party's candidate for Vice Presi- 
dent, so he withdrew in favor of James Schoolcraft 
Sherman, of Utica, New York, and threw all of his 
support to him. 

Mr. Hammond, because of his great ability as 
an organizer, was later chosen as President of the 
National League of Republican Clubs, and in this 
capacity was enabled to render great assistance. 

President Taft and Mr. Hammond are warm 
personal friends and at their summer homes in 
Massachusetts have frequently played golf to- 
gether. This close association gave President Taft 
a clearer insight into the character of Mr. Ham- 
mond than could be had in the formal meetings of 
public life and in 1911, when it came time to choose 
a diplomatic envoy to represent the United States 
among the nations at the Coronation of King 
George Fifth and Queen Mary, the Chief Executive 
appointed Mr. Hammond Special Ambassador. The 
visit of Mr. Hammond and his wife to the English 
court was a triumph for them and their country. 
They were paid many honors by the newly crowned 
rulers and other notables who figured in the cere- 
monies, and they, in turn entertained lavishly. 

The reception accorded Mr. Hammond on this 
occasion was one of the most pleasing of his life 
and demonstrated to the world at large that any 
feeling which England may have had for his part 
in the Jameson affair had been obliterated by his 
later and greater accomplishments for the good of 
the Empire. His relations with King George were 
the most cordial of any had by a foreign delegate 
to the coronation. 

In addition to this honor, President Taft also 
reposed other confidences in Mr. Hammond, ad- 
vising with him on many matters of great impor- 
tance to the country. In his world-wide travels 
Mr. Hammond has made a deep study of interna- 
tional trade relations, and some of his utterances 
concerning development of foreign trade for the 
United States have been adpoted as the basis of 
trade reform. He has also taken a very prominent 
part in the advocacy of reforms in the nation's 
mining laws, and has helped in the creation of nu- 
merous acts passed by Congress in recent years for 
the protection of lives and property of the miners. 
Because of his prominence in this respect and his 
frequent conferences at the White House, it was 
reported many times that President Taft was seek- 
ing to have him enter his Cabinet. 

Mr. Hammond served as President of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Mining Engineers during the years 
1907 and 1908. He has contributed numerous 
articles on mining and engineering matters to the 
the technical press, and despite his diversified in- 
terests, has found time to lecture before the young 
aspirants for engineering honors at various institu- 
tions of learning. Among others he has lectured 
before the classes of Columbia, Harvard, Yale and 
Johns Hopkins Universities. 

Other organizations in which Mr. Hammond is 
a leading figure are the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, of which he was 
elected a Fellow in 1891, the National Civic Federa- 
tion and several lesser ones of a political or civic 
nature. He is a member of the Century and Uni- 
versity Clubs, of New York, and of the University 
Clubs of Denver, Salt Lake City and San Francisco. 
He makes his home at Gloucester, Massachusetts, 
but has offices in London and New York. 


torney at Law, Tucson, Arizona, 
was born in Washington, D. C., 
November 11, 1859, the son of 
Colonel Joseph Christmas Ives 
and Cora M. (Semmes) Ives. He 
married Anna Waggaman in Washington, D. C., 
June 15, 1889, and to them there have been born 
seven children, Annette, Cora, Helen, Miriam, 
Thomas, Eugene Semmes, Jr., and Eleanor Ran- 
dolph Ives. His is a family 
noted in American history, 
members of both sides hav- 
ing served in the Revolu- 
tionary War. His father was 
on the staff of General Rob- 
bert E. Lee, and his uncle, 
Admiral Raphael Semmes, 
was commander of the Con- 
federate gunboat "Alabama" 
during the Civil War. 

Mr. Ives' boyhood was 
spent principally in Virginia 
and he attended school at 
Warrenton, that State. He 
later became a student at 
Georgetown College and 
there prepared for a special 
course at Feldkirch, Austria. 
From the latter he went to 
St. Michael's College in Brus- 
sels, and returning to the 
United States, completed a 
course at Georgetown College 
in 1878. Mr. Ives then took 
up the study of law at Co- 
lumbia University, New York, 
and was graduated in the 
class of 1880 with the degree 

of L. B. He has since had other degrees conferred 
upon him and now has, in addition to Bachelor 
of Laws and Bachelor of Arts, those of Master of 
Arts, Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Laws. 

Mr. Ives began the practice of his profession 
in New York City and remained there until 1895, 
at which time he moved to Arizona on account of 
his wife's health. During the seventeen years he 
has practiced in the latter State he has come to be 
known as one of the leading lawyers of the South- 
west and also has been a prominent figure in the 
politics of that section. 

His practice has consisted in a large measure 
of mining and corporation litigation, in both of 
which branches he has scored many notable vic- 
tories. Among these were several cases for the 
King of Arizona Mining Company, and there have 
been various others. 

In 1902, as attorney for the Southern Pacific 
Railroad Company, Mr. Ives appeared in the suit 
of his company against the Santa Fe Railroad 
Company over a right-of-way through the Gila 


Canyon of Arizona and was successful in his con- 

Two years later, Mr. Ives was retained by the 
Black Mountain Mining Company to handle its 
cause against certain mining men of Colorado and 
in this, too, he scored an important victory. 

Another large civil action handled success-fully 
by Mr. Ives was the litigation of Gleeson vs. 
The Martin Costello Estate, an action involv- 
ing a large amount of property. 

These instances represent 
only a few of his cases, but 
Mr. Ives' career in the South- 
west has been one of unceas- 
ing activity, attended by 
splendid successes in the 
State and Federal Courts, and 
also in the United States Su- 
preme Court. 

In addition to his profes- 
sional work, Mr. Ives also 
has been among the men who 
have helped to develop the 
resources of the Southwest 
and is largely interested in 
oil and mining. He is the 
largest individual stockhold- 
er in the King of Arizona 
Mining Company and also is 
heavily interested in the 
Amalgamated Oil Company 
of California. This latter is 
one of the successful produc- 
ing companies in the Cali- 
fornia fields and is generally 
considered one of the most 
important in that State. 

Mr. Ives is a Democrat 
and has- been active in the 

party affairs since his earliest days in Arizona. He 
ran for office on several occasions, but failed of 
election, principally because Tucson, and Pima 
County, of which it is the county seat, were over- 
whelmingly Republican. He has held various com- 
mittee posts and in the first general election follow- 
ing Statehood, worked for his party victory. He 
went to the Democratic National Convention at 
Baltimore in 1912 as- a Delegate, supporting Champ 
Clark in the early stages of balloting, but later 
joined the Wilson forces. 

Mr. Ives spends the greater part of his time in 
Tucson, but owing to his interests in California 
maintains offices also in Los Angeles and has a 
summer home at Alhambra, California. 

He is one of the best known club men of the 
West, his clubs including the Old Pueblo Club, Tuc- 
son; Phoenix Country Club, Phoenix; California 
Club, Jonathan Club, Los Angeles Athletic Club, and 
Annandale Country Club, Los Angeles; Midwick 
Country Club, Pasadena; University Club, New York, 
and life membership, Coney Island Jockey Club. 



of the Southern California Edison 
Company, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at Port Huron, St. Clair 
County, Michigan, October 23, 
1869. He is the son of John Edgar 
Miller and Sarah Amelia (Barnes) Miller. His an- 
cestors were of that group of religious refugees 
from Germany Mennonites who settled in Penn- 
sylvania on the invitation of William Penn. He mar- 
ried Carrie Borden Johnson 
of Yonkers, N. Y., on April 
17, 1895. There are five chil- 
dren: Philadelphia Borden, 
John Borden, Edgar Gail, 
Morris Barnes and Carrie 
St. Clair Miller. 

Mr. Miller attended public 
and private schools at Port 
Huron, Michigan, and gradu- 
ated from the Ann Arbor 
School in 1888. He took a 
special literary course in the 
University of Michigan at 
Ann Arbor, 1888-89, and left 
college owing to the physical 
collapse of his father. 

The next two years he 
managed the personal inter- 
ests of his father and studied 
law in an office at Port 
Huron. He planned to take 
the bar examinations, but in 
1892 became interested in a 
plantation near Delhi, Rich- 
mond Parish, Louisiana, and 
managed it for about two 

Mr. Miller then returned 

to Michigan, where his father was again actively 
engaged in business. They became interested in 
the steamboat and fuel business, to which he de- 
voted about three years. 

In 1896 he disposed of his Eastern interests and 
moved to Los Angeles. After surveying the invest- 
ment field for a considerable length of time, Mr. 
Miller was struck with the wonderful opportuni- 
ties for development in electric lighting and the 
utilization of water power for long transmission, a 
method then little known. When he undertook the 
development of electric light and power the coun- 
try around Los Angeles was dotted with numerous 
little plants, none of which was large enough to at- 
tract capital, and consequently not in a position to 
expand or to render the best service. 

By amalgamating a number of these small- 
er companies with consequent economies mod- 
ernizing plants and methods, and a highly organ- 
ized management, and by obtaining extensive water 
power control, Mr. Miller and his associates laid 
the foundation of what today is one of the most 


important public utilities in the West. The organi- 
zation of this company by Mr. Miller marked the 
beginning of electrical advancement in Southern 
California and the birth of an industry that has 
grown steadily. 

Mr. Miller was elected president of the Edison 
Electric Company in 1901, and through various 
changes in the form of that corporation has been 
the directing spirit. When the company was re- 
organized several years ago under the name of the 
Southern California Edison 
Co. he continued as its execu- 
tive head, and still retains 
that position. It is not 
stretching a point to say that 
Mr. Miller has been a domi- 
nating personality in the 
growth of the company, but 
his success in the upbuilding 
of it is due to his finan- 
cial rather than to any tech- 
nical ability. 

He was one of the found- 
ers of the old Southwestern 
National Bank, later consoli- 
dated with the First Nation- 
al Bank, and of the Los An- 
geles Trust Company, now 
the Los Angeles Trust and 
Savings Bank, in the former 
of which organizations he 
remains as director. In ad- 
dition to those two, and 
the office of president of the 
Southern California Edison 
Company, Mr. Miller is a di- 
rector and member of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Pa- 
cific Mutual Life Insurance 

Company, president of the Union Power Company, 
director of the Sinaloa Land and Water Company, 
director of the Santa Barbara Gas and Electric 
Company and a director of the Long Beach Con- 
solidated Gas Company. 

The Pacific Mutual is one of the leading life in- 
surance companies on the Pacific Coast, and the 
other concerns mentioned, such as water, gas and 
power, are important public utilities in their re- 
spective localities, ably managed and modern in 
every detail. In all of these the progressive poli- 
cies of Mr. Miller go far toward shaping their 
courses and expansion. 

His clubs are: California, Jonathan, Los An- 
geles Country and Los Angeles Athletic Clubs, 
Country, Overland Clubs of Pasadena, Santa Bar- 
bara Country Club, University Club of Redlands, 
Pacific Union and Bohemian Clubs of San Francisco 
and the Automobile Club of America of New York. 
He belongs to the Blue Lodge, Chapter, Com- 
mandery and Shrine of Masonry. He was a mem 
ber of the Delta Kappa Epsilon College Fraternity. 



Banker and formerly Attorney-at- 
Law, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Hauntown, Clinton 
County, Iowa, on December 5, 
1852. His father was John Q. 
Graves, and his mother Katherine Jane (Haun) 
Graves. Mr. Graves was married October 23, 1879, 
in Los Angeles, to Alice H. Griffith, the issue be- 
ing: Alice Graves Stewart, wife of H. F. Stewart; 
Selwyn E. Graves, deceased 
(March 1, 1908); Katherine 
Graves Armstrong, wife of 
E. S. Armstrong; Jackson A. 
Graves, deceased (March 23, 
1910), and Francis Porter 

The Graves family re- 
moved to California in Oc- 
tober, 1857, locating first in 
Marysville, Yuba County, 
where Mr. Graves received 
his first education from the 
public schools of that town. 
He later attended the San 
Francisco High School, from 
which he graduated in 1869. 
His home in the meantime 
had been moved to San 
Mateo County, California 
(1867). After graduating 
from the San Francisco 
High School, Mr. Graves en- 
tered St. Mary's College, 
San Francisco, graduating 
from that institution in May, 
1872, with the degree of A. 
B., and in 1873 from the 

1, 1885, when this firm was dissolved and Mr. 
Graves united his ability with that of Henry W. 
O'Melveny, the designation being Graves and 
O'Melveny, the firm being formed on April 10, 
1888; later Mr. J. H. Shankland was admitted to 
the firm and the title read Graves, O'Melveny and 
Shankland until January 1, 1904, when Mr. Graves 
withdrew from the practice in order to assume the 
position of Vice President of the Farmers and 
Merchants' Bank of Los Angeles. 

He had already, back in 
1901, became Vice Presi- 
dent, the President being I. 
W. Hellman, whose enlarged 
interests about this time 
called him to San Francisco, 
and in June, 1903, Mr. Graves 
entered actively into the 
management of the bank. 

From this time the indi- 
cation of his talent for busi- 
ness affairs which Mr. 
Graves had given by his 
wise investments and ca- 
pacity for foresight were 
thoroughly justified; he or- 
ganized the first title and 
abstract company in the 
city; then his activities took 
the direction of oil matters 
and he built, with Edward 
Strasburg, storage tanks 
near the Llewellyn Iron 
Works, having organized the 
Oil Storage and Transporta- 
tion Company; this property 
is now owned by the Amal- 
J. A. GRAVES gamated Oil Company; since 

same college with the degree of A. M., after which 
he began the study of law in the offices of the firm 
of Eastman and Neumann in San Francisco. 

On June 5, 1875, Mr. Graves moved to Los An- 
geles, where he continued his law studies with Mr. 
Eastman, who had gone to Los Angeles and formed 
a partnership with the late Judge Brunson. On 
January 13, 1876, Mr. Graves was admitted to prac- 
tice by the Supreme Court of the State of Califor- 
nia, and then was formed the law firm of Brunson, 
Eastman and Graves. 

From that time on until he forsook the law for 
the intricacies of finance Mr. Graves had a con- 
tinuous advancement in position in his pro- 

The firm of Brunson, Eastman and Graves was 
dissolved in June, 1878, and the young attorney 
practiced alone with most satisfactory results until 
June 1, 1880, when he associated himself with the 
late John S. Chapman in the firm of Graves and 
Chapman; this connection endured until January 

that period his interests in oil properties through- 
out the State have vastly increased. 

Another industry in which Mr. Graves is largely 
interested is orange growing. He started in grow- 
ing citrus fruit more than thirty years ago, and de- 
spite his increasing responsibility in connection 
with other interests, still is active in his groves. 

Besides his active place as Vice President of 
the Farmers and Merchants' Bank, Mr. Graves is 
Vice President of the Southern Trust Company, 
President of the Farmers and Merchants' National 
Bank of Redondo, California; President of the 
United States National Bank of Azusa, California, 
and is a director in the following institutions: 
Security Savings Bank and the United States Na- 
tional Banks of Los Angeles; of the Whittier Na- 
tional Bank of Whittier, California; of the First 
National Bank of Monrovia, California; of the First 
National Bank of El Monte, California; of the Na- 
tional Bank of Long Beach, and of the Long Beach 
Savings Bank and Trust Company. 






RIDGE, DR. NORMAN, Physician, 
Teacher, and Business Man, Los 
Angeles, Cal., was born in Wind- 
sor, Vt, Dec. 30, 1844, the son of 
James Madison and Nancy Ann 
(Bagley) Bridge. He is descended 
from Deacon John Bridge, who came from England 
and settled in Cambridge, Mass., in 1632. Nor- 
man is of the seventh generation from John of 
Cambridge. His great grandfather, Ebenezer, was 
a Colonel in Washington's army of the Revolution. 
Deacon John "s-aved the settlement" of Cambridge 
when Hooker seceded to Connecticut in 1636 and 
was responsible for the present location of Har- 
vard College. There is a bronze statue of him on 
Cambridge Common, in the garb of a Puritan. It 
was erected in 1882 and is the work of the artists, 
T. R. and M. S. Gould. 

One of the inscriptions on the monument reads: 
"This Puritan helped to establish here Church, 
School and Representative Government, and thus 
to plant a Christian Commonwealth"; and another 
is as follows: "They that wait upon the Lord shall 
renew their strength." 

Dr. Bridge was married in 1874 to Miss Mae 
Manford, daughter of the late Rev. Erasmus and 
Hannah (Bryant) Manford. Their only child died 
in infancy. 

Mr. Manford was- a Universalist clergyman of 
the old school for over half a century. He was 
much of this time publisher of various denomina- 
tional periodicals. 

Dr. Bridge was born on a small farm among the 
Vermont hills, a few miles from the village of 
Windsor. It has been a long-time wonder to him 
how his father could ever have made a living for 
himself and family on such a rocky and unpromis- 
ing patch of earth. In 1856, the elder Bridge re- 
belled against his hard conditions and moved with 
his family and little cash to Illinois-. They settled 
on a farm of unbroken prairie without buildings 
or fence, where they struggled for some tense 
years. This was in Malta, DeKalb County, 
when Norman was twelve years old. The family 
consisted of father, mother, an older brother and a 
younger sister. The brother, Edward, was a soldier 
in the Civil War, Fifty-fifth Illinois Volunteer Regi- 
ment, and died of disease in the service, after sur- 
viving a dozen battles, in the fir&t of which, Shiloh, 
he was wounded. His father died in 1879 and 
his mother at an advanced age in 1903. His sister 
is Mrs. Susan B. Hatch, of Des Moine&, Iowa. 

Norman B. received his general education in 
the country district schools, and in the High 
Schools of DeKalb and Sycamore, Illinois. He 
taught a country school in the winter of 1862-63, 
but owing to a severe fever which came on in the 
midst of this work he was unable to finish the 
term. He never attended the academic department 
of a university or college. 

He was a postoffice clerk in Sycamore during 

the summer and fall of 1864; and a fire insurance 
agent in Morris, Illinois, in 1864-65, traveling 
through the entire county of Grundy. 

In 1865 he began the study of medicine, attended 
the Medical Department of the University of Mich- 
igan in 1866-67, and of the Northwestern University 
in 1867-68, where he was graduated with the degree 
of M. D. He received the degree of A. M. from the 
Lake Forest College in 1889. 

His summer vacations from medical college he 
spent in work on his father's farm in Malta, chiefly 
in harvesting hay and grain, and in threshing. 

He began teaching medicine from the time of 
his graduation, and from that day to this his name 
has appeared in the faculty of some Medical Col- 
lege in his Alma Mater first, then in the Woman's 
Medical College, and since early in 1874 in Rush 
Medical College of the University of Chicago, in 
which he is now Emeritus Professor of Medicine. 
He was for twenty years, more or less, an attend- 
ing physician in the County Hospital and in the 
Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago. He received 
the ad eundem degree in medicine from Rush Col- 
lege in 1878. He has- had his professional office 
in only two communities, Chicago, until 1891, and 
in Los Angeles since. 

Dr. Bridge's- first position in Rush College was 
received as the result of a concours or contest in 
lecturing, before the faculty and students a meth- 
od that has fortunately not since been in vogue. 
The college of that day was unconnected with any 
university. Like nearly all the medical colleges of 
the country, its tru&tees were mostly members of 
its faculty, only two courses of lectures were re- 
quired for graduation, and the conditions of admis- 
sion were cheap indeed. He joined his then 
younger colleagues in working for higher standards, 
longer and more thorough courses, more laboratory 
work, and connection with a university. For over 
a decade this school has been one of the medical 
arms of the University of Chicago, is doing uni- 
versity work, and has a course of study that looks 
formidable by the side of that of thirty years ago. 
Throughout the country, in most of the large cities, 
the stronger medical colleges have undergone a like 
metamorphosis, to the benefit of all the people. 

Through the decade of the eighties he accepted 
appointive public office for seven years, first as a 
member of the Chicago Board of Education for 
three years (1881-1884), afterward as the Republican 
Election Commissioner for four years (1886-1890). 

His health broke down in 1890, and in January, 
1891, he moved to California, where he has since 
resided, first at Sierra Madre (1891-94), then at 
Pasadena (1894-1910), and finally in Los Angeles. 
By 1893 he had so far recovered as to resume his 
work for a few weeks each autumn in the College 
and Presbyterian Hospital at Chicago. He con- 
tinued the autumn hospital work until 1900, and the 
college lectures until 1905 inclusive. He has been 
regularly engaged in practice in Los Angeles for 



twenty years. Since 1905, however, his growing 
secular interests have compelled him gradually to 
reduce his professional work, and he has regarded 
his active college service as terminated. 

The public appointments were unsought and 
each came as a surprise that to the School Board 
from the first Mayor Harrison, and the Election 
Commissionership from the County Court Judge 
Richard Prendergast. On his entry into the Board 
of Education he was elected Vice President of that 
body, and in a few months was made President to 
serve out a fractional year; after which he was 
elected to the same office for a full year term. He 
was a Republican, and the Board consisted of twice 
as many Democrats as Republicans'. 

The election office was illuminating in the study 
of human nature and government; in ward politics 
and party strife. The Republican Commissioner 
was one of three, the other two were Democrats, 
and the County Court was democratic. The law 
required that at least one member of the Board of 
Commissioners- should be a Republican. 

His first appointment to the Election Commis- 
sion was for an unexpired term of one year. Near 
the end of this term the "Tribune," the leading 
Republican newspaper, began to attack his Repub- 
licanism, not because this was open to the smalle&t 
criticism, but because he had a personal friend 
who edited a rival and independent newspaper.* 
On one certain Sunday the paper contained a 
severe editorial attack upon him because of his 
alleged failure to do a particular thing in the Can- 
vassing Board on the Friday before. As a matter 
of fact, he had tried to accomplish the thing re- 
ferred to, but had been outvoted, as the Saturday 
edition of the "Tribune" in its local columns truth- 
fully reported. The next day (Monday) both the 
"Daily News" and the "Inter-Ocean" printed in 
parallel columns the paragraphs referring to the 
Republican Commissioner, of the "Tribune" on Sat- 
urday and Sunday, and ridiculed the paper for its 
inconsistency and carelessness. This- led to worse 
attacks by the "Tribune," and retorts by the other 
.papers. Finally there appeared in the "Inter- 
Ocean" of Thursday a biting open letter to the edi- 
tor of the "Tribune" signed by the Commissioner 
himself. This inspired more reckless attacks on 
him and on the other papers, and culminated, the 
following Sunday, in a libel on his professional 
character. Then, with his attorney, he went to the 
office of the paper and had a quiet and much re- 
strained conversation with the editor, which re- 
sulted in an editorial correction, retraction, and 
apology the following morning. This was printed 
on the editorial page. At the end of his year, 
which occurred during the week of this newspaper 
war, the County Judge reappointed him for a full 
term of three years, which he served out. 

The only elective office he has held was that of 
one of a Board of "Freeholders" in the City of 

Melville E. Stone of the "Daily News." 

Pasadena, in 1900, to frame a new charter for the 
city. Their charter was adopted. 

Dr. Bridge has written considerably for medical 
journals and somewhat for the lay press. He is 
the author of four modest books, three of collected 
essays and addresses: "The Penalties of Taste," 
"The Rewards of Taste," and "House-Health"; and 
"Tuberculosis," which is a re-cast of his college 
lectures on this subject. 

Dr. and Mrs. Bridge visited Europe in 1889 and 
in 1896, and he alone went to London on a hurried 
busine&s trip in April, 1906. 

In his two earlier visits to Europe, he spent a 
part of his time in visiting the hospitals of Berlin, 
Vienna, Munich, Dresden, Geneva, Stra&sburg, Hei- 
delberg and Erlangen. 

His vacations have consisted mo&tly in some 
varying of his activities, for he has, through life, 
been a constant debtor to the joy of work. He be- 
lieves that, outside his regular vocation, every pro- 
fessional man should have some avocations that 
make him touch, in an intimate way, the non-pro- 
fessional world about him. His own early shortage 
in school education has encouraged an interest in 
schools in general. For some seventeen years he 
has been one of the Trustees of Throop Polytechnic 
Institute in Pasadena, and most of that time as 
Chairman of the Board. He has seen that institu- 
tion grow from a small academy until it has now 
come to be a college of technology of the highest 

From January, 1906, to the present, Dr. Bridge 
has given a large part of his time to the oil and 
gas business, in association with Messrs. E. L. 
Doheny and Charles A. Canfield. He is now a 
Director and the Treasurer of several of the com- 
panies operating and interested in the gulf region 
of Mexico and in California, notably the Mexican 
Petroleum Company, Limited; the Mexican Petro- 
leum Company, and the Huasteca Petroleum Com- 

The business interests in Mexico have taken 
him often to that Republic, and he and his associ- 
ates have many warm friends among Mexican citi- 
zens-. They have for ten years conducted their 
business in harmony and amity with the govern- 
ment of Mexico and with its citizens both of the 
business and the working classes, for whom, and 
for the government, they have high respect. 

Dr. Bridge belongs to several Scientific Socie- 
ties, among them the "Association of American 
Physicians," the "American Climatological Associa- 
tion," of which he was one year President; the 
"American Academy of Medicine," the "Wisconsin 
Academy of Science, Arts and Letters," the "Los 
Angeles Academy of Sciences," and the local, State 
and National Medical Associations. His clubs are 
the "Union League," "Hamilton," and "University" 
Clubs of Chicago; the "California," "University," 
"Sierra Madre," "Athletic," and "Sunset" Clubs of 
Los Angeles. 


torney General for the State of 
Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona, was 
born in Portland, Oregon, April 
14, 1869, the son of Lowell J. Bul- 
lard and Virginia (Purdy) Bullard. 
He married Kate C. Brockway at Phoenix, June 
10, 1899. Mr. Bullard's paternal ancestors settled 
in New England in Colonial times and his great- 
grandfather was a member of the Constitutional 
Congress. On the maternal 
side, his grandfather, Samuel 
Purdy, was Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor of California, and an- 
other member, Sparrow Pur- 
dy, served as Pasha under 
Stone in the Egyptian serv- 

Mr. Bullard went to school 
in various places, including 
Baltimore, Washington, New 
York and Chicago, until he 
was eighteen years of age, 
when he took up law in the 
office of his uncle, Samuel 
Purdy, Jr., at Yuma, Arizona. 
He was admitted to practice 
in 1889 and went to San 
Francisco, where he was in 
partnership with Cameron H. 
King, as King and Bullard, 
for approximately five years. 
Mr. Bullard, in 1894, returned 
to Yuma, but only remained 
there a few months, trans- 
ferring his residence perma- 
nently to Phoenix. He has 
been in practice there since, 


only in five instances did acquittals result. Mr. 
Bullard was the chief figure for the prosecution in 
the Eyting murder case, notable in Arizona crim- 
inal annals, because of the bitter fight made by the 
defense against alleged circumstantial evidence. 

Mr. Bullard has been a constant worker for the 
Democratic party for many years, was one of the 
first men to advocate the Constitution under which 
Arizona was admitted to Statehood, and in the first 
general election, December, 1911, drew up the plat- 
form on which the Demo- 
cratic party rode to victory. 
He was nominated by accla- 
mation for Attorney General 
and was elected over his Re- 
publican opponent by 1700 

As Attorney General, Mr. 
Bullard has aided largely in 
legislative matters since the 
first State government was 
organized, and also has been 
active in other lines. Among 
the early important actions 
instituted by him were suits 
to investigate the Southern 
Pacific and Santa Fe Rail- 
way companies, with a view 
of reducing passenger rates 
in Arizona; and proceedings 
against the street railway 
company of Phoenix to com- 
pel improvement of the 
street railway system of the 

Mr. Bullard is noted as an 
advocate of good roads and 
the originator of the Los An- 

his firm at the present time being known as Bul- 
lard and Carpenter. 

In 1898 Mr. Bullard was appointed City Attor- 
ney of Phoenix and served in this office for four 
years. His most important accomplishment, per- 
haps, was the prosecution of suits whereby he 
forced four additions into the corporate limits of 
the city, giving to Phoenix about three thousand ad- 
ditional citizens and a more extensive land area. 

While Mr. Bullard was still in the office of City 
Attorney, Judge A. C. Baker was elected District 
Attorney of Maricopa County, in which Phoenix 
lies, and he chose Mr. Bullard as Deputy District 
Attorney. The latter began his duties immediately 
upon leaving his first office and served four years. 

In 1906 Mr. Bullard, who had made a splendid 
record during his association with Judge Baker, 
was elected District Atorney and was re-elected 
for a second term. He served as District Attorney 
until Arizona was admitted to Statehood, about 
five years in all, and during that time he prose- 
cuted approximately five hundred criminal cases; 

geles-to-Phoenix automobile endurance race, an 
annual event in which the leading cars and racing 
pilots are matched in a contest unique because the 
course lies, for the most part, across desert wastes. 
Mr. Bullard, as President of the Maricopa County 
Automobile Club, instituted this contest in 1908 
and it is now one of the classics of the automobile 

As representative of the Contest Board of the 
American Automobile Association, Mr. Bullard has 
also been in charge of various other automobile 
events in recent years, and is perhaps the leading 
automobilist of that section of the country. In 
addition to being Vice President of the Good Roads 
Association of Arizona, he is an honorary member 
of the Lincoln Memorial Association, and aided in 
the organization of the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway 
Association, the object of which is to promote the 
building of a highway across the United States, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

Mr. Bullard also is a member of the Phoenix 
Board of Trade, the Arizona Club and the Elks, 
of which he is Past Exalted Ruler in Phoenix. 

2 4 


chanical and Metallurgical Engi- 
neer, Los Angeles, California, was 
born in Vlysummit, Washington 
County, New York, April 19, 1873, 
the son of Adalbert Le Roy Burch 
and Rachael (Kenyon) Burch. He married Grace 
Colburn at Moscow, Idaho, October 5, 1905. They 
have one son, Kenyon Colburn Burch. 

Mr. Burch, who has attained a high position in 
his profession, received his 
early education in the public 
schools of Greenwich, New 
York, a town near his birth- 
place, and after attending the 
high school left to enter Mar- 
shall Seminary at Easton, 
New York. He completed his 
academic work there and 
then took up his professional 
studies at the Washington 
State College of Science, 
from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1901 with the degree 
of A. B. 

Within a month of his 
graduation, Mr. Burch went 
to Anaconda, Montana, 
where he entered the employ 
of the Anaconda Copper 
Company as a mechanical 
draughtsman and clerk to the 
Master Mechanic of the Com- 
pany, a position he filled for 
about eighteen months. In 
the latter part of 1902 he left 
the Anaconda Company to 
accept a position as me- 
chanical draughtsman for 
the Daley-Judge Mining Com- 
pany, but only remained with 
this concern for about three 
months. He was next asso- 
ciated with the Park City 
Metals Company as draughts- 
man, continuing there until May of the year 1903. 

At this time he was selected by J. M. Callow, 
of Salt Lake City, to assist him on plans for a 
metallurgical testing plant for the University of 
Utah, and also drawings of plans for the Yampa 
Smelter. When this work was completed he went 
to Morenci, Arizona, and there entered the service 
of the Phelps-Dodge Company, one of the leading 
copper mining corporations of the country, and de- 
signed and constructed for the Detroit Copper Com- 
pany, a subsidiary, its 1500-ton concentrator. 

This was the beginning of an association with 
the owners of the famous Copper Queen Mine and 
other properties which has continued almost un- 
interruptedly down to the present day, for during 
the several years which have elapsed Mr. Burch 
has designed and constructed all of the company's 
milling plants in the United States and Mexico. 
Upon completing his work at Morenci, he was sent, 
in 1906, to Nacozari, Sonora, Mexico, where the 
Phelps-Dodge interests are represented by the 
Moctezuma Copper Company, and there took charge 
of the construction of an entire plant. This in- 
cluded the design and construction of a concentra- 
tor of 2000 tons daily capacity, pumping plants and 
other adjuncts of a big mining operation. His work 
kept him at Nacozari until November, 1908, when 


he became associated with the Miami Copper Com- 
pany, at Miami, Arizona. For this company Mr. 
Burch de&igned and constructed a concentrator of 
3000-ton capacity, a power and pumping plant of five 
thousand horse power and other surface equipment, 
including a hoisting plant, crushing plant and head 
frame. He planned and carried out many other de- 
tails necessary to the completed work. In all, Mr. 
Burch was engaged at Miami for a period lacking one 
month of three years, leaving there in October, 1911. 
When this work was 
finished, Mr. Burch went 
to Los Angeles and a 
short time afterward opened 
his offices as a Consulting 
Mechanical and Metallurgical 
Engineer, and in addition to 
his general work, he was 
chosen by the Phelps-Dodge 
Company as Consulting mill- 
ing expert, one of his princi- 
pal works being the design 
and construction of a crush- 
ing and concentration plant 
for the Old Dominion Copper 
Mining & Smelting Company, 
having a capacity of one 
thousand tons. 

In July, 1912, he was en- 
gaged as Chief Engineer of 
the Inspiration Consolidated 
Copper Company, of Miami, 
Arizona, and in that office 
designed a concentrating and 
mining plant to have an ini- 
tial capacity of 7500 tons of 
ore per day. The 'construc- 
tion work will be completed 
some time in 1913, and the 
concentrator building alone 
will cover more than eight 
acres of ground. In addition 
to this there will be pumping 
plants, crushing plants, ma- 
chine shops and hoisting 
plants, the whole forming one of the largest mining 
plants in the world, erected at a cost of several 
million dollars. 

Another important commission executed by Mr. 
Burch in 1912, was the design and construction of 
a 3000-ton rock crushing plant for the Temescal 
Rock Company, near Corona, California, one of the 
most up-to-date crushing plants in the United States. 
To the average reader, these terms and figures 
convey little meaning as to the work of Mr. Burch, 
but to the initiated they show that he has, within 
a few years, accomplished tasks which place him 
among the leaders of the mining profession. The 
mining, milling and smelting of copper at the 
present time is one of the most gigantic industries 
in the world, and the plants which Mr. Burch has 
designed and constructed form a large part of the 
physical equipment necessary to the total output 
of this product. The various concentrators with 
which he has had to do, turning out nearly ten 
thousand tons of commercial copper per day, con- 
tribute a large percentage of the country's total 
copper supply. In his private capacity, Mr. Burch 
is engaged in other important works. 

He is a member of the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute 
of Mining Engineers. 


URLETT, WILLIAM, Architect, 
Los Angeles and San Francisco, 
California, was born in County 
of Down, Ireland, March 3, 1846, 
the son of Daniel Curlett and 
Jane (Robinson) Curlett. He 
married Celia A. Eisen at Oakland, California, 
August 12, 1873, and to them there have been born 
two children, Aleck E. and Ethel A. Curlett. 

Mr. Curlett, who has attained an eminent posi- 
tion among the architects of 
America, received his pre- 
liminary education in private 
and public schools of his na- 
tive county up to the year 
1862, and at that time, when 
about sixteen years of age, 
took up the study of archi- 
tecture. He first became a 
student in the Art School at 
Manchester, England, and 
after two years there, re- 
turned to Belfast, Ireland, 
where he continued his stud- 
ies in the Art School of Bel- 
fast. He remained there 
three years and for three 
years after leaving school, 
was employed in the offices 
of several different archi- 

He left Belfast for the 
United States in August, 
1871, and arrived at San 
Francisco, Cal., in September 
of the same year. 

Almost immediately after 
his arrival, Mr. Curlett be- 
came associated with Augus- 
tus Laver, at that time one 
of the most celebrated archi- 
tects of the Pacific Coast and 
the designer of the old City 
Hall in San Francisco, which 
was destroyed in the disaster 
in 1906. Mr. Curlett was associated with Mr. Laver 
for some months and aided in the designing of 
numerous important buildings. Later he opened 
offices for himself but still retained friendly rela- 
tions with Mr. Laver and was called in on several 
occasions by the City Hall Commissioners to assist 
Mr. Laver on his design for the building. 

From the beginning of his career in San Fran- 
cisco, Mr. Curlett was regarded as one of the most 
talented members of his profession and his work, 
covering a period of more than thirty years, has 
included many beautiful residences, public build- 
ings and office structures in different parts of the 
State. Among the notable office and bank build- 
ings designed by him in San Francisco are the 
Phelan Building, Mutual Savings Bank Building, 
Shreve Building, Head Building, San Francisco 
Savings Union Building and various others. An- 
other strikingly handsome bank building in the 
Northern part of California designed by Mr. Cur- 
lett is the California State Bank of Sacramento. 

In addition to the structures named, Mr. Curlett 
also was chosen as architect for two library build- 
ings, endowed respectively, by James D. Phelan, 
former Mayor of San Francisco, and A. B. McCrery. 
He also designed and erected many splendid San 
Francisco and vicinity homes, noted for their artis- 


tic conception. Some of these, numbered among 
the show places of the region, are the Flood home 
in Menlo Park, the Flood residence in California 
Street (done while Mr. Curlett was associated with 
Mr. Laver), and residences for Will H. Crocker, 
Judge Sanderson, Robert Sherwood, L. L. Baker, 
A. N. Drown and E. F. Preston. 

In 1912, Mr. Curlett designed two of the most 
beautiful residences in California, one a half mil- 
lion dollar home for Mrs. M. Pauline Payne, the 
other a very elaborate resi- 
dence for James D. Phelan 
at Los Gatos, which will be 
the most up-to-date structure 
of its kind on the Coast, con- 
taining as features a great 
swimming pool and an open 
air theater. 

In the Southern part of 
California, especially Los An- 
geles, Mr. Curlett has many 
other handsome residences to 
his credit, these including 
the homes of Ex-iioveinor 
Markham, Colonel Dan Free- 
man, Mrs. Mark Sibley Sev- 
erance and the late L. J. Rose. 
Mr. Curlett, who main- 
tains offices in San Francisco 
and Los Angeles, spending a 
few months of each year in 
both cities, has also designed 
and supervised the construc- 
tion of a number of important 
public buildings in Southern 
California. Among these are 
the Los Angeles County 
Courthouse at Los Angeles, 
Insane Asylum at San Ber- 
nardino, and the Courthouse 
at Fresno, Cal. At the pres- 
ent time (1912-13) he is en- 
gaged in the erection at Los 
Angeles of an office building 
for the Hon. Frank P. Flint, 

former United States Senator from California, a 
modern hotel for C. W. Gates, a Los Angeles capi- 
talist, and a building for the Merchants' National 
Bank of Los Angeles, which will cost complete 
approximately one million dollars. 

Among other buildings designed by Mr. Cur- 
lett in California are the Public Library at Marys- 
ville, the Insane Asylum at Stockton, and the 
Sisters' School at Los Angeles, the latter one of 
the most complete educational institutions in the 

Mr. Curlett served as President of the Califor- 
nia Chapter of the American Institutute of Archi- 
tects and in 1910 attended the meeting of the 
American Institute of Architects and was instru- 
mental in having this organization hold an annual 
meeting in San Francisco instead of Washington, 
D. C., the customary meeting place. 

Mr. Curlett served during 1912 as President of 
the California State Board of Architects, and also 
is a member of the Advisory Board of Architects for 
the Panama-Pacific Exposition. He was elected 
Chairman of this board by his- fellow members, but 
resigned later owing to pressure of private business. 
Mr. Curlett is a Fellow of the American Institute 
of Architects and a member of the Bohemian Club, 
of San Francisco. 





sulting Mining Engineer, Cananea, 
Mexico, was born at Elkton, Mary- 
land, December 19, 1859, the son 
of Palmer C. Ricketts and Eliza- 
beth (Getty) Ricketts. He is a 
brother of Professor Palmer Chamberlain Ricketts, 
the distinguished engineer and educator, who has 
been President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
since 1901. 

Dr. Ricketts was graduated from the College of 
New Jersey, in the class of 1881, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science. He was chosen a Fellow 
in Chemistry and W. S. Ward Fellow in Economic 
Geology at Princeton University immediately fol- 
lowing his graduation in 1881 and after two years 
of study he was given the degree of Doctor of 
Science (in course). 

Following the completion of his work at Prince- 
ton, Dr. Ricketts went to Colorado and started to 
work as a Mine Surveyor. For the fifteen years 
following, his time was chiefly occupied in recon- 
naisance work, geological work and mine examin- 

From 1887 to 1890 Dr. Ricketts was Geologist 
for Wyoming and at the end of that period trans- 
ferred his operations to the Southwest, where he 
has since been steadily engaged in large mining 
projects. He was identified with the acquisition 
of the property now owned by the Moctezuma Cop- 
per Co., a subsidiary of Phelps, Dodge & Co., lo- 
cated at Nacozari, Sonora, Mexico. From 1899 to 
1901, he was General Manager of the property and 
during his administration the concentrator and re- 
duction works were completed and the mines put 
on a dividend-paying basis. 

While Dr. Ricketts has had extensive experience 
in mine examination and management, identified 
with most of the large and prosperous mines of the 
Southwest, his most important work has, undoubt- 
edly, been in the construction of large modern 
smelting and concentrating plants. All of the 
plants erected by him have been successful and 
have brought about great decrease in the cost of 
handling the ores. 

Dr. Ricketts designed his first large concen- 
trators in 1897, when he installed one e^ch for 
the Detroit Copper Mining Co. at Morenci, Arizona, 
and the Moctezuma Copper Co. at Nacozari, Mexico. 
These plants had a capacity of four hundred tons 
per day each and were among the first to adopt 
all steel construction, Dr. Ricketts being in per- 
sonal charge of their design and erection. 

Upon leaving the Moctezuma Copper Co. in 
1901, Dr. Ricketts went to Globe, Arizona, and there 
undertook the construction of a surface plant and 
the reopening of the mines of the Old Dominion 
Copper Mining & Smelting Co. He took this prop- 
erty when it was almost wrecked, and under his 
administration it was put on a sound, producing 
basis. For the first time in its history it was made 
into a property of undoubted value as a dividend- 
payer, this being shown by the rise in its stock 
value, which advanced without artificial stimula- 
tion from $4.50 to $65.00 per share. The mines have 
been producing steadily since he transformed them 
and are now regarded as being among the best 
paying properties in Arizona. 

In 1903, Dr. Ricketts accepted appointment to 
the position of Consulting Engineer to the Cananea 
Consolidated Copper Co. He took absolute charge 
of the design and construction of the Company's 

new concentrator and upon the completion of his 
work, went to Europe, combining pleasure with 
business, and spent a great deal of time in the in- 
vestigation of modern engineering practice in the 
Old World. 

Returning to the United States in 1905, Dr. 
Ricketts, utilizing the knowledge gained in Europe, 
constructed a large coal washing plant for the Daw- 
son Fuel Company, at Dawson, New Mexico. This 
plant, which has a washing capacity of two hundred 
tons per hour, is the most modern of its character 
ever constructed in the United States. Belt con- 
veyors are largely used in the handling of material 
and the construction throughout the plant repre- 
sents the highest type of modern development. 

The various plants constructed by Dr. Ricketts 
are noted for the excellence of design and material 
and the sum total of their cost represents many 
millions of dollars. 

Dr. Ricketts in 1907 became identified with the 
Cananea Consolidated Copper Co. as President and 
General Manager and during his administration the 
works of the company, with the exception of the 
concentrators, have been completely overhauled 
and rebuilt, and placed upon a profitable basis. He 
devotes the greater part of his time to the direction 
of the company's affairs, but in addition to this, he 
has been in demand by most of the large mining 
interests of the Southwest in the capacity of Con- 
sulting Engineer. 

From his first entry into the Southwestern field, 
until 1907, Dr. Ricketts has acted in an advisory 
capacity to the great Phelps Dodge interests. He 
was chosen Consulting Engineer for the Calumet 
& Arizona Copper Co. in 1911, advising it in the 
design and construction of a great smelting plant 
at Douglas, Arizona. In 1911 also he accepted the 
post of Consulting Engineer with the Arizona 
Copper Co., Ltd., of Clifton, Arizona, and immedi- 
ately took full charge of the design and construc- 
tion of a new smelting plant which the company is 
building. He also re-designed and enlarged the 
Company's concentrators at Clifton. Another in- 
terest which Dr. Ricketts serves in the capacity of 
Consulting Engineer is the International Smelting 
& Refining Co. 

Dr. Ricketts is the author of "The Ores of Lead- 
ville and Their Modes of Occurrence," 1883; and 
"Geological Reports of the Geologist of Wyoming," 
1888, 1890, and various papers for technical socie- 
ties and periodicals. His paper entitled "Experi- 
ments in Reverberatory Practice at Cananea, 
Mexico," secured for him the gold medal of the In- 
stitution of Mining and Metallurgy of Great Britain 
for the year 1910. 

Dr. Ricketts is extremely active in the affairs 
of the Southwest and is interested in various 
financial and development projects. Among these 
are the Morenci Water Co., of which he is President 
and Director, the Gila Valley Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, of which he is Vice President and Director 
and he also serves as Director of the Bank of Bis- 
bee, Bisbee, Arizona, and the Raritan Copper 

Dr. Ricketts is a member of the American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers, American Institute of Min- 
ing Engineers, American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, and the Institution of Mining 
and Metallurgy of Great Britain. He is a member 
of various clubs, among them the Engineers' Club 
and the Railroad Club, both of New York. 



Grower, Oil Operator and Capi- 
talist, San Francisco and Vaca- 
ville, California, was born in Cort- 
land County, New York, June 8, 
1859, the son of Leonard William 
Buck and Anna Maria (Bellows) Buck. He married 
Miss Anna Elizabeth Stevenson at Vacaville, Cali- 
fornia, on April 29, 1886, and to them there have 
been born two sons, Frank Henry, Jr., and Leonard 
William Buck. He comes 
from clean, wholesome stock, 
English on the paternal side 
and Irish on the maternal, 
inheriting from both, charac- 
teristics which have aided 
him in achieving his success. 
Mr. Buck's education, so 
far as actual schooling is 
concerned, was limited to 
the public school of Clinton, 
Iowa, and to the high school 
of the same place, from 
which latter he was gradu- 
ated when he was only four- 
teen years of age. Two 
years later, in 1875, he re- 
moved with his father to 
California and with him en- 
tered the fruit-growing busi- 
ness, specializing in decidu- 
ous fruits. That was the be- 
ginning of his career, his 
operations having expanded 
with the years to the point 
where he is interested in 
several different lines of ac- 
tivity and an important fac- 
tor in the development and 
success of a score of substantial corporations. 

For the first few years after his arrival in Cali- 
fornia, Mr. Buck confined himself to fruit growing, 
making a special study of the business, with the 
result that he built up a reputation that has re- 
dounded alike to the credit of Vacaville, Solano 
County, the State of California, and himself. He 
operates his fruit business under the name of the 
Frank H. Buck Fruit & Shipping Company, and to 
all who are familiar with his work for the fruit in- 
dustry, covering a period of more than thirty-five 
years, his name is synonymous with the growth of 
this, one of California's largest and most important 
branches of commerce. He is President of the 
company named, and also of the California Fruit 
Distributors, of Sacramento. 

Aside from his fruit business, Mr. Buck has 
other extensive interests and since 1898 has been 
one of the leading oil producers of California. He 
first became interested in oil in 1898 and the fol- 
lowing year yielded to the excitement growing out 
of the discovery of the celebrated Kern County 


fields of California, investing heavily in oil lands 
and companies at the outset. With characteristic 
energy he soon took a leading part in the develop- 
ment of the then new industry and was one of the 
organizers of the Associated Oil Company, now 
ranked among the largest and most profitable con- 
cerns operating in the California fields. He also 
was a stockholder and Director in the Chicago 
Crude Oil Company, the Toltec and the Astec Oil 
Companies. These companies, with several others, 
were merged into the Asso- 
ciated Oil Company and he 
has continued a member of 
the Board of Directors of the 
larger concern, being on the 
Executive Committee. 

Mr. Buck is interested in 
various other oil corpora- 
tions, including the Amalga- 
mated Oil Company, an allied 
corporation of the Associated 
Oil Company; the West Coast 
Oil Company, the Sterling 
Oil & Development Company, 
the Associated Pipe Line, 
the Transportation Company 
and the Belridge Oil Com- 
pany, in all of which he holds 
office as a Director. The 
last named company has 
holdings in the Lost Hills 
District aggregating thirty- 
one thousand acres of land 
in process of development. 

Mr. Buck is interested as 
a stockholder and Director in 
the Rodeo Land & Water Co., 
of Los Angeles, which owns 
3100 acres of land near Los 

Angeles. The townsite of Beverly stands on part 
of this land. 

Mr. Buck is President of the Booth-Kelly Lum- 
ber Company, of Eugene, Oregon, and has heavy 
timber holdings in that section of the Northwest. 
He also is a Director of the Bakersfield Iron Works. 
Despite the diversity of his interests, Mr. Buck 
has taken a keen interest in public affairs in his 
home town and the State at large for more than a 
quarter of a century. He was Vice President of the 
California State Board of Horticulture and for 
twelve years was President of the Board of 
Town Trustees of Vacaville (Incorporated), in 
which position he took a prominent part in the 
government of the town. 

Mr. Buck is a prominent Mason, a Knight Tem- 
plar and Odd Fellow, and a member of various 
clubs, including the Bohemian, of San Francisco; 
the Pacific-Union of the same city, the San Fran- 
cisco Golf and Country Club, the Claremont Coun- 
try Club, of Oakland, California, and the Sutter 
Club, of Sacramento, California. 



Banking, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at Grass Lake, Jackson 
County, Michigan, July 2, 1863, 
the son of Moses Longyear and 
Maria (Douglas) Longyear. He 
married Miss Ida A. Mackay at Los Angeles, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1893, and to them there have been born 
two children, Douglas M. Longyear and Gwendolyn 
C. Longyear. Mrs. Longyear was the youngest 
daughter of Captain A. F. 
Mackay, a pioneer builder of 
Los Angeles, who erected 
many of the large buildings 
of that city prior to his death. 
Mr. Longyear is of German 
and Scotch antecedents, his 
father's- parents having been 
of old German stock, natives 
of Nuremberg, Germany. 
They came over to the 
United States early in the 
nineteenth century, settling 
first in New York State and 
later in Michigan. His moth- 
er was of Scotch descent. 
Her father, Eli Douglas, was 
born in Vermont in 1810 and 
as a young man, in the early 
thirties, migrated to Southern 
Michigan, when only the wild 
animal trails marked the line 
of travel that is today fol- 
lowed by railroads and high- 
ways-. Then it required a 
strong heart and steady 
nerve to withstand the hard- 
ships of the pioneer the 
days before matches, "when 

grandmother went a mile for fire if so unfortunate 
as to let the hearthfire go out." 

Mr. Longyear's father was prominent in political 
and social affairs in the community where he was 
born and reared and held many important public 
offices. In the early days- of his business career he 
was a merchant, and later engaged in stock raising 
and shipping, being reputed at the time of his 
death to have the largest sheep holdings in south- 
ern Michigan. 

Mr. Longyear, who now occupies a position 
among the leading bankers of the Southwest, was 
reared in Michigan and received his education in 
the public schools of Kalamazoo. He was nine 
years old when his father died and the early plans 
of his parents as to the future education and 
career of their son were thwarted. After his 
father's death, he went to Kalamazoo and resided 
there with his maternal grandfather. The strong 
Scotch influence which surrounded his life there 
had much to do with molding and fixing the princi- 
ples upon which his future career was built. What 


he lost in theoretical teaching, however, he made 
up in practical experience. 

At the age of eighteen years, Mr. Longyear en- 
tered the employ of the U. S. Government as a 
clerk in the Registry Division of the Kalamazoo 
Postoffice. He remained in the Federal service 
about two years, resigning in 1884, and since that 
time his life has been spent in the banking business. 
He first entered the banking field as an em- 
ploye of the Kalamazoo National Bank, beginning 
in a minor position, and re- 
mained with it for about five 
years, or until the year 1889. 
During that time he passed 
through various positions 
and became thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the intricacies 
of National banking. 

Resigning his position 
with the Kalamazoo institu- 
tion in November, 1889, Mr. 
Longyear went to California, 
locating at Los Angeles, since 
when he has made that city 
his home. For the first few 
months after hit* arrival he 
was inactive, but early in 1890 
he became associated with 
the Security Savings Bank in 
the capacity of Teller. He 
held this position for about 
three years and then was 
made Assistant Cashier. 

It was in this latter office 
that Mr. Longyear displayed 
his abilities most and in 
1895, upon a change being 
made in the personnel of the 
bank, he was elected to the 

offices of Cashier and Secretary, both of which of- 
fices he fills. Thus, in that first five years, Mr. 
Longyear, who arrived in Los Angeles practically a 
stranger, rose from a minor position to a most im- 
portant one, in one of the strongest banks in the 
West, the Security Trust & Savings Bank, as the 
institution is now known. 

In addition to his banking affiliations, Mr. Long- 
year has been identified with numerous commercial 
and development projects. He also is interested in 
real estate in and around Los Angeles, being a 
stockholder and Director in several corporations. 

Having inherited from his father a tendency to- 
ward outdoor pursuits, Mr. Longyear has of recent 
years acquired very substantial holdings in a val- 
ley adjacent to Los Angeles, so that at some future 
day he may satisfy that calling, which some men 
of his profession would term a hobby. 

Mr. Longyear is a Scottish Rite Mason, member 
of Al Malaikah Temple of the Mystic Shrine, the 
California Club, Los Angeles Country Club, Crags 
Country Club, and the Jonathan Club, Los Angeles. 




ESS, STODDARD, Banker, Los An- 
geles, California, was born at 
Fox Lake, Wisconsin, December 
3, 1856, the son of George Jess 
and Marion Theresa (Judd) Jess. 
He married Carrie Helen Cheno- 
weth at Monroe, Wisconsin, January 15, 1879, and 
to them there were born two children, Jennie C. 
(deceased) and George Benjamin Jess. 

The Jess family is of English origin, but has 
been prominent on this side of the Atlantic for 
nearly a hundred years, the first member to cross 
the waters having been John L. P. Jess, the grand- 
father of Stoddard Jess. He was reared to man- 
hood in Nova Scotia, but later moved with his 
family to the United States, settling near Fox 
Lake, Wisconsin. His son George, father of Stod- 
dard Jess, was one of those adventurers who 
crossed the plains in 1850, following the receipt 
of information about the discovery of gold in Cali- 
fornia. He prospected for gold for several months, 
but gave up the effort and returned to his home in 
Wisconsin, where he later became prominent in 
banking, political and fraternal affairs. He was 
a supporter of the Republican party and besides 
representing his district in the Wisconsin Legis- 
lature, held various other public offices. On the 
maternal side of his family Stoddard Jess is de- 
scended from the early settlers of New York State. 
His grandfather, Stoddard Judd, served his district 
in the New York State Assembly for several terms, 
and later, upon receiving appointment from Presi- 
dent Polk as Receiver of the United States Land 
Office at Green Bay, Wisconsin, moved to that 
State and there spent a large part of his life. He 
was a member of the first and second Constitu- 
tional Conventions at which the Constitution of 
Wisconsin was drawn and later served several 
terms as Senator and Representative in the State 

Stoddard Jess attended the public schools of 
his native city and was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin in the class of 1876. Immedi- 
ately upon the conclusion of his college course, he 
entered the employ of the First National Bank of 
Fox Lake, Wisconsin, as a clerk and remained 
there a year. At the end of that time he was 
taken into the banking house of his father, known 
as George Jess- & Co. of Waupun, Wisconsin, in the 
capacity of Cashier. This was considered one of 
the strongest financial institutions of that time and 
Mr. Jess, as one of its officers occupied an import- 
ant place in the business affairs of the town. 

Early in his career Mr. Jess became active in 
political affairs of Waupun and in addition to serv- 
ing several terms as a member of the City Council, 
held the office of Mayor for two years. 

His term expiring in 1885 Mr. Jess declined re- 
election in order to move to Southern California 
with his father, whose health had become impaired. 
Disposing of their interests in Wisconsin, the Jess 
family transferred their home to Pomona, Cali- 
fornia, and a few months after their arrival there, 
Stoddard Jess organized the First National Bank 
of Pomona, he taking the office of Cashier. He 
held this office until 1898, when, on the advice of 
physicians, he gave up all active work and started 
upon a period of travel in order to regain his 
health, which had been seriously affected by the 
strenuous life he had led in business and public 

When he first located at Pomona, the city was 
in its infancy and Mr. Jess immediately became one 
of the factors in its development. He was chosen 

first Treasurer of the city and also took a leading 
part in the organization of the Pomona Board of 
Trade, serving as President of that body during the 
first two years of its existence. For many years 
he was a member of the Board of Library Trustees 
of Pomona and served as its President from 1902 
to 1904. 

In 1904 Mr. Jess moved his home to Los Angeles 
and was chosen Vice President of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Los Angeles, in which office he has 
continued ever since. This bank ranks high among 
the monetary institutions of California and is dis- 
tinguished for the large number of depositors which 
it serves. Having spent a large part of his life 
in the banking business and being one of its 
closest students, Mr. Jess introduced into the First 
National Bank the united system of Paying and 
Receiving Tellers. With the idea of lessening con- 
gestion before the bank's windows, he devised a 
plan which has proved a great success. In the 
first place, the old system of separate Receiving 
and Paying Tellers was abandoned and the bank 
was divided into a number of alphabetical sections, 
at which the tellers receive and pay money, as 
the case may be. The- advantages of the system 
include the elimination of long waits by customers, 
closer relations between the bank and its deposi- 
tors, less bookkeeping and general expedition of 
business. This addition to the banking methods of 
the country was eagerly welcomed by the banking 
fraternity and within a few years was adopted by a 
number of large institutions- throughout the United 
States, among the earliest being the Continental 
& Commercial Bank of Chicago, the Seattle Na- 
tional Bank of Seattle, Wash., the First National 
and United States National Banks of Denver, Col- 
orado, and the Irving Park National Bank of New 
York City. 

Aside from his position in the First National 
Bank of Los Angeles, Mr. Jess is a Director of the 
Los Angeles Trust & Savings Bank and is inter- 
ested in various other enterprises. He is regarded 
as one of the most conservative bankers of Cali- 
fornia, is President of the Los Angeles Clearing 
House Committee and Ex-President of the Cal- 
fornia State Bankers' Association. As a widely 
known and 'respected authority in his profession, 
he has made numerous addresses on banking sub- 
jects and has written many articles dealing with 
financial matters. 

From the time he located in Los Angeles Mr. 
Jess has been among the city's most progressive 
citizens and has been a figure in nearly every 
movement inaugurated for the benefit of the city. 
He was Chairman of the Consolidation Committee 
which brought about the consolidation of Los An- 
geles and San Pedro, California, thus giving the 
former its own harbor, and upon the conclusion of 
this work, was chosen President of the Harbor 
Commission of Los Angeles which had charge of 
the work of building the city's harbor, the original 
cost of which, including local and federal expendi- 
tures, exceeded three and a half million dollars. 
Mr. Jess directed the affairs of the Commission 
during the early stages of the harbor work, but re- 
signed in order to devote himself to his private 

Politically, Mr. Jess is a Republican and an im- 
portant factor in the local affairs of the party. 

He is a member of the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, F. & A. M., is a Knight Templar, Mystic 
Shriner and an Elk. His clubs are the Jonathan, 
California, Los Angeles Athletic and the Union 
League of Los Angeles. 


United States Senator, Tucson, 
Arizona, was born near Cynthi- 
ana, Kentucky, January 24, 1852, 
the son of Frank C. Smith and 
Agnes Ball (Chinn) Smith, a di- 
rect descendant of Raleigh Chinn and Esther Ball 
of early Virginia history. 

Senator Smith received his early education in 
the common schools of his district and later studied 
in Transylvania University, 
at Lexington, Kentucky. Fol- 
lowing the completion of his 
course he took up the study 
of law and was admitted to 
the bar of Kentucky in 1877. 
He practiced in Kentucky 
for about three years and in 
1881 moved to Arizona, locat- 
ing at Tombstone. Descend- 
ed of an old Southern family, 
he was a supporter of the 
Democratic party and im- 
mediately began to take an 
interest in politics. In 1882, 
a year after his arrival in 
the Territory, t he was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney of 
Cochise County and served a 
term of two years. 

At that time Arizona had 
within her borders a motley 
citizenship and outlawry of 
various kinds existed. The 
energy with which Senator 
Smith prosecuted law-break- 
ers hanging 5 murderers by 
verdict of juries in one year 
had a wholesome effect in 

bringing about a respect for law and order and his 
record in office was such that in 1886 he was 
elected Delegate to Congress. 

He served in the Fiftieth Congress and was re- 
elected to the Fifty-first, Fifty-second and Fifty- 
third, retiring in 1895 after eight years in service. 
He refused a fifth nomination at that time, but in 
1897 again became a candidate and was elected 
to the Fifty-fifth Congress, serving until 1899. In 
1901 he was elected again, serving until 1903, and 
in 1905, after another lapse of one term, he was 
elected a seventh time. At the expiration of his 
term in 1905 he was re-elected and served until 1909. 
During the sixteen years he served in Congress, 
Senator Smith had no vote in the national body, 
Arizona being a Territory, but notwithstanding this 
he enjoyed great personal popularity and was at 
all times a consistent and persistent worker for the 
interests of Arizona. Through his influence, various 
acts beneficial to the Territory were passed by 
Congress and he also was instrumental in obtaining 
numerous federal appropriations- for public build- 


ings, irrigation projects and other improvements. 
He was one of the first to advocate the reclamation 
of arid lands by the general government and aided 
in drafting the reclamation act. 

Senator Smith was one of the original advo- 
cates of single Statehood for Arizona and fought 
for the admission of the Territory in season and 
out, for more than twenty years. On four different 
occasions, after strenuous work on his part, he 
succeeded in having a Statehood bill passed in the 
lower house or Congress, but 
on each occasion it was 
blocked in the Senate or by 
executive opposition and 
failed to pass. His efforts 
had been so effectual, how- 
ever, that when he retired 
from Congress in 1909 it had 
been agreed in both national 
platforms that Arizona would 
be granted Statehood at the 
next session, and, with the 
overwhelming sentiment 
which he had stirred up, a 
bill was finally passed in 
1910, known as the "Enabling 
Act" by which the prelim- 
inary steps toward State- 
hood were begun. 

Senator Smith was a po- 
tent influence in the drafting 
of the State Constitution and 
in the first general election, 
held in December, 1911, was 
chosen, as a reward for his 
long service in behalf of his 
constituents, to be one of the 
first United States Sena- 
tors from Arizona. The will 

of the people was ratified at the first session of 
the State Legislature in 1912, but in the drawing 
of lots, Senator Smith received the short term, 
which means that he will serve until 1915. 

Since taking his seat in the Senate, Senator 
Smith has continued his work in behalf of Arizona 
and is the father of various measures in the inter- 
ests of his State. During his entire political career 
he has been an advocate of progressive policies, 
and many of his ideas were incorporated in the 
Arizona Constitution. 

Senator Smith has been the leader of the Dem- 
ocratic party in Arizona for many years and car- 
ried it to victory in scores of electoral contests. 

Senator Smith has continued his law practice 
at all times, but never permitted his private affairs 
to interfere with public duty and the result has 
been that his- material success was not as great as 
his achievements for his State. He has no business 
interests of consequence outside of his law practice. 
The Senator is a member of the Old Pueblo Club 
ot Tucson, the Masonic Order and the Elks. 



LARK, ELI P., Railroad Interests 
and Investments, Los Angeles-, 
California, was born near Iowa 
City, Iowa, November 25, 1847. 
He is the son of Timothy B. Clark 
and Elvira E. (Calkin) Clark. He 
married Lucy H. Sherman at Prescott, Arizona, 
April 8, 1880. To them were born four children, 
Mrs. Katherine Clark Barnard, Mrs. Mary Clark 
Eversole, Miss Lucy Mason Clark, and Eugene Pay- 
son Clark. 

When Mr. Clark was eight years old his parents 
moved to Grinnell, Iowa, where he received his 
education in the public schools and at Iowa Col- 
lege, located there. When he was eighteen years 
of age, he taught his first school. Two years later 
(1867) the family moved to Southwest Missouri, 
where he engaged in farming with his father and 
teaching school during the winter. 

In 1875, Mr. Clark crossed the plains with his 
team to Prescott, Arizona, the journey taking 
nearly three months. It was there that he first met 
his brother-in-law, General M. H. Sherman. Mr. 
Clark engaged in mercantile pursuits at Prescott, 
also serving one year as acting Postmaster. In 
1878 he embarked in the lumber business with A. 
D. Adams, under the firm name of Clark & Adams. 
The year prior (in 1877) he was appointed Terri- 
torial Auditor for Arizona and served five terms, 
ten years in all. It was while in this position that 
was formed the friendship between Mr. Clark 
and General John C. Fremont, then Governor of 

While living in Prescott, Mr. Clark first became 
interested in the railroad question. He aided ma- 
terially in the passage of a bill by the Legislature 
in 1885 granting a subsidy of four thousand dollars 
per mile for a railroad to be built from Prescott to 
connect with the Atlantic & Pacific Railway at 
Seligman, Arizona. He was one of the organizers 
of the original company, being elected its Secretary 
and Treasurer. The organization was turned over 
to parties for construction and within a year the 
Prescott & Arizona Central Railroad was in suc- 
cessful operation. Ten years later it was suc- 
ceeded by the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Rail- 

In 1891, Mr. Clark went to Los Angeles, where 
he joined his brother-in-law, General Sherman, in 
the electric railway field. The Los Angeles Con- 
solidated Electric Railway Company (now the Los 
Angeles Railway) was formed, with General Sher- 
man as President and Mr. Clark the Vice President 
and General Manager. All the local lines were con- 
solidated in 1894. Mr. Clark then acquired the local 
horse car lines in Pasadena and the Pasadena & 
Los Angeles interurban line was in operation in 
1895. The same year saw the beginning of the 
line between Santa Monica and Los Angeles, known 
as the Los Angeles Pacific Railway. This was 
opened for traffic April 1, 1896. Mr. Clark was 

President and Manager of the latter company from 
its organization till the fall of 1909, when the prop- 
erty passed to the control of the Southern Pacific 

This property was the special pride of Mr. 
Clark, who, with General Sherman, made it one of 
the finest interurban railroads in the country. It 
served to build up the whole foothill country from 
Los Angeles to the sea. Another important work 
of Mr. Clark was the planning and the securing of 
property and rights of way necessary for the first 
subway projected for Los Angeles. 

When these gentlemen first went to Los An- 
geles, it was a city of less than fifty thousand in- 
habitants, on the verge of civic bankruptcy, due 
to the great financial depression which over- 
whelmed its people following the collapse of the 
real estate boom of 1887. But with the building 
of the first electric railroad the citizens began to 
take hope, real estate values grew, new residents 
were attracted, manufacturing increased and the 
city was started on its way to its present position, 
with more than four hundred thousand inhabitants 
and millions of dollars invested in uuildings and 
manufactures, among the leading cities of the 
United States. 

The rapid transit facilities inaugurated by Mr. 
Clark and General Sherman, and carried on by 
their successors, have resulted in thickly populat- 
ing the entire country immediately surrounding the 
city of Los Angeles, thereby increasing its city 
limits to nearly three times its original area. And 
it is a source of great satisfaction to them to feel 
that their twenty years' labor there has contributed 
so largely to the growth and prosperity of the city 
of their choice. 

In 1906, Mr. Clark organized and became Presi- 
dent of the Mount Hood Railway & Power Com- 
pany at Portland, Oregon. Work was pushed rap- 
idly on power development and the railway and 
after the project was in successful operation, Mr. 
Clark disposed of his interests. It is now the prop- 
erty of Portland railway and power companies. 

Mr. Clark and General Sherman having severed 
their railroad connections, have given their atten- 
tion to their private investments, they having sepa- 
rated their principal properties. 

Mr. Clark is now engaged in the erection of a 
large reinforced concrete business and hotel block, 
eleven stories above and two stories below ground, 
one of the largest in the city. Mr. Clark is Presi- 
dent of the Clark & Sherman Land Company (a 
holding company), Vice President of the Main 
Street Company and of the Sinaloa Land Company. 

He is President of the Board of Trustees of 
the First Congregational Church of Los Angeles, a 
Trustee for Pomona College, Claremont, California; 
and a Trustee of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Los Angeles. He is a member of the 
California Club, the Los Angeles Athletic Club, the 
University Club and other civic organizations. 





ist and ex-Senator of the United 
States, Hueneme, Ventura County, 
California, was born in Chambers- 
burg, Franklin County, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 8, 1841. He is 
the son of Robert McFarland Bard and Elizabeth 
Smith (Little) Bard, and descended from a family 
that traces back to the Middle Ages, with the 
American branch rich in mighty deeds of patriotism 
and important factors in the Revolutionary and 
early colonial period of the nation's history. These 
latter were among the Scotch-Irish settlers of the 
Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania, the first of the 
name being Archibald Bard. 

The latter's son, Richard Bard, married Cather- 
ine Poe, who probably was a relative of the family 
of the immortal poet, Edgar Allen Poe, and these 
two figured in one of the most atrocious Indian out- 
rages in the history of the United States. Their 
homestead at Marshall's Mill (now Virginia Mills) 
was attacked and burned in 1758, and they with 
their infant child and three other persons who were 
in the house at the time, were captured by a party 
of savage Delawares. Three of the captives, includ- 
ing the infant, were murdered and Mr. and Mrs. 
Bard suffered indescribable tortures. He finally 
escaped and more than two years later, by paying 
a ransom, succeeded in obtaining his wife's release 
from captivity. 

An interesting incident in this connection is that 
in 1903, a century and a half later, a great-great- 
grandson of White Eyes, the Delaware chief, who 
had been one of the captors of Richard Bard, in a 
second experience with the savages, appeared in 
Washington to press an Indian land claim and en- 
listed the friendly aid of Senator Bard, great-great- 
grandson of the man who had suffered at the hands 
of the redmen. 

Richard Bard later became a Justice of the 
Peace, and while he was in politics for a number 
of years, his only other public office was as a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Convention, which, in 
1788, passed on the Federal Convention Constitu- 
tion. Richard Bard's brother, David Bard, was a 
Member of Congress for the fourth, fifth, seventh, 
eighth, ninth and tenth sessions. 

Other notable ancestors of Senator Bard were 
Thomas, a son of Richard Bard, who was a militia 
captain, conspicuous in military affairs in Penn- 
sylvania after the Revolutionary War; Judge Archi- 
bald Bard, for twenty-one years on the Bench, and 
a prominent figure in politics in the early part of 
the last century; Thomas Bard, great grandfather 
of the Senator, who, in 1814, organized a company 
and aided in the defense of Baltimore; Captain 
Robert Parker, a valiant officer under Washington, 
who participated in many of the most important 
battles of the Revolution and who was praised in 
after years by General Marquis Lafayette for his 
bravery and kindness to the Marquis when the lat- 

ter was wounded. Captain Parker, after the war, 
was appointed Collector of Excise for Franklin 
County and became one of the most prominent 
citizens in Pennsylvania. 

Senator Bard's father, although he died at the 
early age of forty-three, was a noted man in his 
day, and such was the appreciation of his unusual 
character and force that he might have achieved 
almost any position had he lived. He was a law- 
yer. Between 1842 and 1844 he was associated with 
the Hon. James X. McLanahan, one of the leading 
lawyers of that period. He soon attained a high 
position at the bar of his native county, and in 
his later years enjoyed a wide reputation in the 
State as a lawyer of great ability. "Mr. Bard was a 
peculiarly gifted man intellectually," wrote one 
of his contemporaries; "he had a profound knowl- 
edge of the law, was ardently devoted to nis por- 
fession, managed every case entrusted to him 
with masterly skill and force, and would, had 
not death removed him in the meridian of his 
years, been one of the country's grandest jurists. 
He possessed an active, vigorous, and logical mind, 
and his legal learning was extensive and profound. 
His arguments to the court were cogent, and free 
from prolixity and redundancy. His addresses be- 
fore a jury were eloquent, convincing and directed 
toward presenting the strong points of his case 
clearly and strenuously. He judiciously refrained 
from dwelling at length on matters of minor im- 
portance. When he gave a legal opinion to a 
client on a difficult point of law, he was able to 
give it confidently, because it was the result of 
the most painstaking investigation and study. In 
politics, Senator Bard's father was a Whig, but he 
was never an aspirant for political office. In 1839, 
when he was only thirty years old, and the public 
school system was in its infancy, he was elected 
a member of the Chambersburg School Board, and 
he was chosen Chief Burgess of the borough in 
1847. In 1850 he was nominated for Congress by 
the Whigs. He was a man of strong convictions, 
with the courage to avow them. He was con- 
spicuous as an influential and consistent advocate 
of temperance at a time when opposition to the 
Rum Power and Slave Power were alike regarded 
as a species of fanaticism." 

Senator Bard married Mary Beatrice Gerberd- 
ing, at San Francisco, California, April 17, 1876, 
and to them there were born eight children, Rob- 
ert (deceased), Beryl Beatrice, Mary Louise (now 
Mrs. R. G. Edwards), Anna Greenwell, Thomas Ger- 
berding, Elizabeth Parker, Richard and Archibald 
Philip Bard. 

Left fatherless at the age of ten, the future 
Senator Bard early developed a self-reliant charac- 
ter in keeping with the traits of his forbears. He 
attended the Chambersburg Academy, and at the 
age of seventeen years began the study of law in 
the office of Hon. George Chambers, at Chambers- 
bu-g. Impaired health, however, compelled him to 


abandon his preparation for the bar and seek a 
more active business life. He became a member 
of the forwarding and commission house of Zeller 
& Company, in 1861, at Hagerstown, Maryland, and 
also served the Cumberland Valley Railroad at that 
place until August, 1864. 

Speaking of this part of the Senator's career 
and events subsequent, G. O. Seilhamer, Esq., in an 
historical and genealogical work, entitled "The 
Bard Family: A Chronicle of the Bards," says: 

"During this period he saw some dangerous ser- 
vice as a volunteer scout in the successive inva- 
sions of Maryland and Pennsylvania by the Con- 
federates. One day, with a companion, he pene- 
trated the lines of the enemy and was captured. 
They were on the point of being hanged as spies, 
when a sudden rush of Union cavalry rescued them 
from their distressing situation. In the autumn of 
1864, Thomas A. Scott, Assistant Secretary of War, 
and afterwards president of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, was in search of a capable young man to take 
charge of his extensive interests in Southern Cali- 
fornia, which included oil lands that it was be- 
lieved would rival the oil regions of Pennsylvania. 

"Mr. Bard was chosen for the work, and after 
spending several months in Colonel Scott's office, 
was placed in control of his holdings in Los An- 
geles, Ventura and Humboldt Counties, comprising 
about 227,000 acres. These holdings included 
113,000 acres in Rancho Simi; 26,600, Las Posas; 
48,000, San Francisco; 10,000, Callegnas; 45,000, 
El Rio de Santa Clara o la Colonia; 6600 in the 
Canada Clara, and 16,000 in the Ojai. 

"At that time there were not more than a 
dozen Americans in the entire region. It was not 
long, however, until squatters began to swarm over 
a part of Scott's land. In the description of the 
old Rancho la Colonia one line ran from a certain 
monument to a point on the Santa Barbara chan- 
nel shore between two esteros. Lagoons were nu- 
merous along that shore, and it was easy for a de- 
signing and unscrupulous person to raise a doubt 
in regard to the two esteros between which the 
rancho line ran. A Sacramento lawyer asserted 
that the line ran to a point near where the Hue- 
neme lighthouse now stands. This was in direct 
conflict with Scott's claim, and would have de- 
prived him of about 17,000 acres of as rich, level 
land as was to be found along the coast. 

"The lawyers sat on the squatters, who at once 
began to drop down on the 17,000 acres. Scott in- 
sisted on his claim and Bard was on the ground to 
defend his rights and to drive the squatters off. 
The settlers talked 'shoot' and 'hang,' but Bard 
kept after them. At the outset he had a survey 
made by the United States Surveyor General, and, 
as the line fitted the Scott claim, he was unyield- 
ing in enforcing it. 

"The conflict lasted for years with varying for- 
tunes. The settlers stole a march on Scott by ob- 
taining a decision in their favor from the Land 

Office at Washington, but Scott succeeded in hav- 
ing it reversed, and it has remained reversed to 
this day. When Grover Cleveland became Presi- 
dent the squatters made their last attempt to get 
the Colonia lands, but Attorney General Garland 
upheld the old Scott line and that was the end 
of it. 

"During all these years Bard was on the firing 
line. He had desperate men to deal with, but he 
never flinched. He kept the courts of the county 
busy dealing with the cases of the squatters. After 
he had won he dealt so generously with the men 
who had been his bitter enemies that they became 
his friends. 

"While Mr. Bard was Colonel Scott's agent he 
had some thrilling experiences. The California 
Petroleum Company was organized to develop the 
oil on Scott's holdings. Well No. 1 was put down 
on the Ojai Country, and there Bard made his home 
when he first went to Southern California. One 
night in 1874, he was the victim of an attempted 
"hold-up" while driving to No. 1 on the Ojai with 
a large sum of money in his possession. He had 
forgotten his pistol, but the landlord at the hotel 
where he received the money loaned him an old 
derringer with which to defend himself in case of 
attack. He was driving four-in-hand. It was not 
an easy thing to hold up four bronchos on the run, 
but on an up-grade a man got in front of the lead- 
ers, while another came to the forward wheels de- 
manding Bard's money. Bard blazed away with 
the ancient derringer, missing his man, but hurt- 
ing himself with the old weapon, the handle of 
which burst in his hand. Frightened by the ex- 
plosion the leaders dashed forward and Bard was 
out of reach of the highwaymen. 

"Desperadoes among the squatters on the Scott 
lands and other bad men plotted to take Mr. Bard's 
life on a number of occasions, but these plots al- 
ways failed. These antagonisms have passed away, 
and now he is held in the highest esteem by all 
classes in Southern California for what he has 
achieved for the development of his section of the 

In the days when Senator Bard started for Cali- 
fornia the transportation problem was little better 
than during the rush of '49, and he made the trip 
by steamer, then via the Isthmus of Panama over- 
land. Ventura County, in which he makes his 
home, and wherein his activities have lain princi- 
pally since his arrival, was a part of Santa Bar- 
bara. His important responsibility as master of 
the Scott holdings at once made him the leading 
business man of the section, but despite the cares 
of that office and the attendant difficulties and liti- 
gation, he early took an active part in politics. 

Reaching Ventura in 1865, he was elected two 
years later to the Board of County Supervisors, and 
served until 1871. In 1872 he was one of the Com- 
missioners who organized Ventura County and 
started the government going. Five years later he 



ran for State Senator on the Republican ticket in 
the district made up of Ventura, Santa Barbara 
and San Luis Obispo counties. He carried the first 
two, but was defeated by Patrick Murphy, of the 
last named county, by a slight margin. In 1884 he 
was a delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion which nominated Elaine for President, and in 
1892 he was elected a Presidential elector, the only 
Republican to win in a Democratic landslide. In 
this contest he received more votes than the three 
lowest of the Democratic candidates combined. 

The Democratic California Legislature becom- 
ing deadlocked, in 1899, over the choice of a United 
States Senator, Mr. Bard was proposed by Dr. 
Howell for the office in January, 1899, as the man 
"who would be free from all corporation entangle- 
ment, and on whose character there could be no 
stain." He received two votes at that time, but 
in February, 1900, after the deadlock had existed 
for more than a year, he was elected at a special 
session of the Legislature over Colonel Daniel 
Burns, taking his seat untrammeled by promises to 
any man or body of men. 

Senator Bard served his State until March 4, 
1905, and during his tenure in office was conspicu- 
ous in numerous important legislative campaigns. 
His most notable works, however, were his effort 
in behalf of the amendment of the Hay-Pauncefote 
treaty; his opposition to Cuban reciprocity and the 
defeat of the Statehood bill intended to join Ari- 
zona and New Mexico as one State. He stood at 
all times for the autonomy of Arizona and the sub- 
sequent admission of the two territories as sep- 
arate States has vindicated his position. He made 
several powerful speeches on Cuban reciprocity and 
the Statehood question, and was in the thick of 
the battle over both questions. He also contributed 
to the defeat of the effort to grant public funds to 
Catholic and other sectarian Indian schools. This 
latter, it is believed, contributed more than any 
other one thing to his defeat for re-election. 

His candidacy for re-election, however, was 
proposed by political friends and others, irrespec- 
tive of politics, and not by himself. During that 
contest he said: "My attitude is, in effect, a pro- 
test against the power of the machine in the State, 
and if that power is to be continued, free and in- 
dependent representation in Congress is an im- 

During his service in the Senate, Senator Bard 
was Chairman of the Committee on Irrigation, 
which had to do with enormous problems for the 
reclamation of the arid wastes of the West, and in 
this capacity performed remarkable work for the 
progress and upbuilding of his section. 

He was at one time a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Lincoln-Roosevelt League, with 
the understanding that his membership was to 
cease after the campaign, as he was not in favor 
of many of the principles of the League, being 
especially opposed to the direct election of United 
States Senators by popular vote and the initiative, 
referendum and recall. He was able, however, to 
assist the League in its campaign to "kick the 

Southern Pacific Railroad out of the Republican 
party in California." 

Senator Bard is a conservative Republican, but 
at the same time a believer in modern develop- 
ment of the country's resources. He does not be- 
lieve in saloons or too much legislation which 
would hamper the growth of the nation, and advo- 
cated the Anti-Saloon League of California, though 
his views differ from those of the Prohibition party 
in that he prefers the local option solution. 

Senator Bard has been one of the most success- 
ful business men in America, and has extensive 
landed interests in Ventura and other counties. His 
activities extend through various lines of enter- 
prise, including oil, banking, development, coloni- 
zation, sugar and manufactures. He is President 
of the following corporations: Beryl wood Invest- 
ment Company, Bank of Hueneme, Quimichis Col- 
ony, Compania Hacienda de Quimichis, Las Posas 
Water Company, and is a director in the Graham 
and Loftus Oil Company, Sacramento Valley Sugar 
Company, and the Potter Hotel Company. 

He was also the first President of the Union Oil 
Company of California, in 1890; built at Hueneme, 
in 1871, the first wharf constructed in any open 
roadstead south of Santa Cruz, and in 1874 con- 
tracted for the building of the first wharf erected 
at Santa Monica, California. 

Senator Bard served, by appointment of Gover- 
nor Gillett, as Regent of the University of Califor- 
nia, and has been a conspicuous figure in educa- 
tional advancement in the Golden State. He is a 
noted floriculturist, and at his home in Hueneme, 
called "Berylwood," after his eldest daughter, he 
indulges his taste for gardening. He developed two 
new roses, one called "Beauty of Berylwood" and 
the other "Dr. Bard," after his brother, Dr. Cephas 
Little Bard, a man who in life presented one of the 
noblest characters his fellows ever came in contact 
with. He had served as a surgeon in the Civil War, 
and later settled at Buenaventura, California, 
where, for many years, he was a real ministering 
angel to his people. He cared for the sick of the 
district regardless of their position, and oftentimes, 
at risk of his own life in swollen stream or on dan- 
gerous mountain trail, he went forth in the night 
to care for his suffering neighbors. 

The two brothers, several years ago, built and 
endowed the beautiful Elizabeth Bard Memorial 
Hospital, erected in memory of their mother at 
Buenaventura, and there, in 1902, the doctor, who 
was its first patient, died shortly after the comple- 
tion of the building. 

With his brother, Senator Bard founded the 
Pioneer Society of Ventura County, and is today its 
President. He is also a prominent member of the 
F. and A. M., Scotch-Irish Society of Pennsylvania, 
Union League of San Francisco, and the California 
Club of Los Angeles. 

The home life of Senator Bard, with his family 
around him and his beautiful home for a setting, is 
described as ideal. He is a man of fine presence, 
large frame, magnetic personality and innate hon- 
esty that prevented him from spending, as the 
price of a political honor, even a cigar. 

4 o 




cian and Surgeon, San Buenaven- 
tura, California, was born at 
Cham bersburg, Pennsylvania, 
April 7, 1843, the son of Robert 
McFarland Bard and Elizabeth S. 
(Little) Bard. He was married October 25, 1871, 
to Clara Winter Gerberding, daughter of Christian 
Otto and Mary J. (Hempson) Gerberding. He died 
April 20, 1902, and she followed him, January 12, 
1905. They were the parents of two children, Mary 
Blanche Bard, now a resident of Chambersburg, 
and Albert Marius Bard, who died in Brussels, 
Belgium, in 1905. 

The Bard family, splendidly represented by 
Doctor Bard and his elder brother, former United 
States Senator Thomas R. Bard, of California, is 
one of the oldest and most picturesque in Ameri- 
ca; but prior to its advent in the New World, in 
fact, several centuries before the discovery of 
America, the house of Bard was conspicuous in 
the history of several of the old countries. While, 
like many of these families of indistinct origin, 
its beginnings are misty, careful research seems 
to fix the first root of the family in Italy, during 
the latter part of the twelfth century. There are 
of record at this time several members of the 
family, whose head was Ugone de Barde. Follow- 
ing his death his two sons became engaged in 
fratricidal war, were re-united and finally, after 
years of turbulent warfare against others, deserted 
their castles and left the Valley of Aosta. 

It is generally believed they fled to Scotland, 
where they later became noted warriors, and one 
of them is mentioned as having signed the safe 
conduct for William the Lion, granted by Richard 
of the Lion Heart in the year 1194. They figure 
frequently in the records of the Wars in England 
and Scotland. There were various branches of 
the Bard family in the Old Country and their 
identification has been difficult to trace. 

The original ancestor in America was Archi- 
bald Bard, who settled prior to 1740, on "Carroll's 
Delight," near Fairfield in York (now Adams) 
County, Pennsylvania. Of his son, Richard Bard, 
the great-great-grandfather of Dr. Bard, there is 
an accurate and thrilling history. He learned the 
trade of miller in his father's mill, probably the 
first in that section, and after marriage made his 
home at the base of Sugar Loaf Mountain. The 
country was at that time, following Braddock's de- 
feat, infested with Indians and massacres by the 
savages- were numerous in the region, but the 
Bards lived safely until April 13, 1758, when nine- 
teen Redskins of the vicious Delaware Tribe at- 
tacked their home on "Carroll's Delight." At the 
time there were in the house Mr. Bard, his wife and 
seven-months-old boy; his cousin, a little girl and 
a bound boy. The men beat off the Indians in a 
hand-to-hand struggle, but realizing that they were 
greatly out-numbered, surrendered after a time 

upon promise of the Indians that none would be 

The party of six captives, together with two 
field hands, were bound by the Indians and started 
toward the latters' camp, several hundred miles 
away. They had not gone far when the Delawares 
broke their pledge and killed Thomas Potter, a 
relative of Richard Bard. Later they killed Mrs. 
Bard's infant son, and in time killed various others 
of the party. They practiced the most fiendish 
kind of cruelties upon the survivors, who were 
dragged more than forty miles the first day. 
Richard Bard told of their sufferings in a poem 
which he wrote later. 

About the second day out he aggravated the anger 
of his Indian guard and was terribly beaten with 
a gun, then forced, in his crippled condition, to 
pack a tremendous load of supplies. Finally, on 
the night of the fourth day of their captivity, Mr. 
Bard was sent by one of the Indians to get a pail 
of water. He never returned, and, by hiding in a 
hollow log, escaped the searching Indians who 
hunted him for two days. He then began to make 
his way back to civilization to get help for the 
rescue of his wife and friends. But it was nine 
days before he reached Fort Lyttleton, after near- 
ly perishing on the way. He was starving, almost 
naked, his shoes were gone, his feet were torn 
and poisoned and for a time his life was despaired 
of. He recovered, however, and then set about 
rescuing his wife. He went to various parts of 
the country looking for the Delawares, but it was 
not until two years and five months that he was 
able to effect her rescue by ransom. In the mean- 
time she had undergone almost indescribable hard- 
ship, had been beaten by the Indian squaws on 
various occasions and had only been saved from 
death by being assigned as a substitute for the 
dead sister of two warriors, to take care of their 

Following the release of his wife, Richard Bard 
purchased a plantation near Mercersburg, Penn., 
and later became one of the leading citizens of 
his section. He fought in various subsequent 
Indian battles, and in the Revolutionary War served 
under several commanders in the campaigns 
around Philadelphia. He later served as Justice 
of the Peace and as a member of the Pennsylvania 
Convention of 1787, to which the Federal Consti- 
tution was submitted. He was an anti-Federalist 
and in the Harrisburg Convention of 1788 fought 
so hard against ratification of the Constitution 
that he practically obliterated himself politically. 
One of his sons, Thomas Bard, the grandfather of 
Dr. Bard, served as a Captain in the War of 1812. 

Dr. Bard's father, Robert McFarland Bard, up- 
held the traditions of the family and attained a 
commanding position at the bar, and a reputation 
throughout the State of Pennsylvania as a lawyer 
of great ability. He was a Whig in Politics, but 
only on one occasion permitted himself to be put 


up as a candidate for office. He had served for 
many years on the Chambersburg School Board, 
and also served as Chief Burgess of the Borough. 
In 1850 he was nominated for Congress on the Whig 
ticket, but was defeated by a former law partner, 
James X. McLanahan. He survived until 1851. 

Dr. Cephas L. Bard, who bore the distinction 
of being the first American physician holding a 
diploma to settle in Ventura County, California, 
inherited his taste for the medical profession from 
his maternal grandfather, Dr. P. W. Little. The 
latter was a student under Dr. Benjamin Rush, 
signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 
was a prominent physician of Mercersburg, Penn- 
sylvania in the early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. He had two sons who were physicians, Dr. 
Robert Parker Little, a practitioner of Columbus, 
Ohio, and Dr. B. Rush Little, who held the post 
of Professor of Obstetrics in the Keokuk, Iowa, 
Medical College at the time of his death. Dr. P. 
W. Little's wife, Mary Parker, was the daughter 
of Col. Robert Parker, a distinguished officer of 
the Revolutionary War, and her sister was mar- 
ried to General Andrew Porter, one of their chil- 
dren being David Rittenhouse Porter, Governor of 
Pennsylvania. He was the father of General Horace 
Porter, late American Ambassador to France. 

Dr. Bard received his classical education at 
Chambersburg Academy, but from early boyhood 
he had made up his mind to adopt the medical 
profession and he had hardly graduated when he 
entered the office of Dr. A. H. Senseny, a cele- 
brated physician of Pennsylvania, to prepare for 
his future career. When he had just got fairly , 
started in his work, news was received of McClel- 
lan's reverses at the hands of the Confederates 
and the embryo doctor decided to leave his studies 
and enlist in the Union Army. Although he was 
only slightly past his nineteenth birthday, he be- 
came a member, on August 11, 1862, of Company 
A, One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Regiment, Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and was sent to the front im- 
mediately. He participated with his regiment in 
the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Antietam and the second battle of Bull Run. 

The doctor was mustered out with his regiment 
on May 20, 1863, and immediately resumed his 
medical studies. He attended Jefferson Medical 
College at Philadelphia and was graduated in 1864, 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

The war was at its height about that time and 
instead of going into private practice, Dr. Bard 
took examination and was appointed an Assistant 
Surgeon in the Army. He was assigned to the 
Two Hundred and Tenth Regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers and again went into action. His 
regiment figured in numerous engagements of more 
or less importance and Dr. Bard served until the 
surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. He then 
returned to his home in Chambersburg and prac- 
ticed his profession there until 1868. 

In the latter year he moved to California, 
whither his elder brother, Senator Bard, had pre- 
ceded him, and settled at San Buenaventura, where 
he was one of the pioneers. As stated before, he 
was the first graduate physician to locate in that 
section, and except for a few brief intervals spent 
in post-graduate study in Eastern medical colleges, 
remained there until his death. 

The career of Dr. Bard from the time he set- 
tled in California was at once a record of brilliant 
professional achievements and a splendid charac- 
ter lesson. He was not only a minister to the sick, 
but a zealous and intelligent laborer for the general 
development of the community. 

At the first county election in Ventura, Dr. 
Bard was nominated for the office of Coroner on 
both tickets then in the field and was unanimous- 
ly elected. With characteristic self-denial, he de- 
voted himself to the interests of the public and was 
kept in office continuously for twenty years. 
Added to the duties of Coroner were those of 
Health Officer, and Dr. Bard, a progressive thinker, 
inaugurated many regulations which served to 
keep the general public health up to a high stand- 

Dr. Bard also served on various occasions as 
a member of the Board of Pension Examiners. 

Aside from his official duties, Dr. Bard main- 
tained a large private practice and into this took 
the splendid traits of character which made him 
beloved by his fellows. A writer, summarizing the 
work of Dr. Bard and his influence in the com- 
munity he served, declares: 

"He became an integral part of the County a 
fixed figure in its social and civic life. With him 
the hardships that befall a country physician with 
a large practice had no power to draw him to a 
large city, where the routine of his professional 
life would be easier and the emoluments greater. 
He found his reward in the gratitude, love and 
esteem that the people he served so unselfishly, 
bestowed upon him. It was a common occurrence 
with him to risk his life in the roaring Santa Clara 
when the summons came to him from a patient 
on a Winter night. 'Oh, I have to do it,' was his 
own comment on his unselfish devotion to duty. 
He always felt the keenest satisfaction in the 
success of his professional efforts. For more than 
thirty years there was no public highway in Ven- 
tura County so long, or mountain trail so distant, 
that it was not traversed by him again and again 
on his errands of mercy. He knew nearly every 
man, woman and child in the County; knew their 
names, their dispositions, their ailments and their 
limitations. The tenacity of his memory was as 
marvelous as the accuracy of his knowledge. His 
quick intuitions made him a leader of men as well 
as a skillful and unerring physician." 

One of the greatest personal satisfactions of 
Dr. Bard was his establishment, in association with 
his brother, the Senator, of a modern hospital at 
Ventura, California. This institution, named the 
Elizabeth Bard Memorial Hospital, in memory of 
their mother, is complete in every particular and 



represents the realization of a life-long ambition 
entertained by Dr. Bard. Had it not been for the 
multitude of other duties, it is very probable that 
the hospital would have been built many years 
sooner, because the doctor had long planned such 
a building, and had even gone so far as to work 
out the details of the building, its arrangements 
and fittings. Finally he was able to start work 
on the structure and devoted a great deal of time 
to its erection. It was completed in 1902, the year 
of Dr. Bard's death, and he entered it in his last 
illness as the first patient. He passed away with- 
in the walls of the institution and his death there 
identified it more closely with his life. It is gen- 
erally regarded as a monument to his own career, 
and after his death the Ventura Society of Pio- 
neers, of which he was the virtual founder, unveiled 
a bust of him, which is to-day one of the features 
of the hospital. 

Practically every minute of the day was filled 
with some duty for Dr. Bard, but in addition to his 
numerous responsibilities he found time to take an 
active part in the affairs of his profession, also to 
contribute to its literature. He served as Presi- 
dent of the Medical Society of the State of Cali- 
fornia, and also of the Ventura County Medical 
Society. He was greatly interested in the youth 
of the country and an advocate of advanced edu- 
cational methods. During his tenure of more than 
ten years as President of the Ventura City School 
Board he was especially active and watchful of 
the children and inaugurated numerous reforms 
looking to the mental and physical betterments 
of his wards. 

As President of the Ventura County Society of 
Pioneers, Dr. Bard devoted himself to its work 
with the same unselfish zeal displayed in his 
other spheres of activity and to him is given 
credit for the success of the organization. 

Patriotism was one of the chief characteristics 
of Dr. Bard and as a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, he was a worker at all times for 
the perpetuation of the traditions and memories 
represented by the organization. 

His fathers before him having been members 
of the Presbyterian church, Dr. Bard abided by 
the teachings of that faith all his life. 

The doctor, in addition to the organizations al- 
ready named, also was a member of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion, prominent in Masonic 
circles and a Knight Templar. His death was 
mourned by a wide circle of friends and admirers, 
and the medical societies and other bodies which 
he had served during life honored his memory by 
the adoption of resolutions which showed their 
appreciation of his qualities and attested to the 
esteem in which he was held. 

His funeral was one of the most notable in the 
history of Ventura County, remarkable for the 
fact that people in all walks of life, from all sec- 
tions of the country, gathered to pay tribute to his 

memory. The "Southern California Practitioner," 
the official medical publication of that section, and 
to which Dr. Bard had been a frequent contributor, 
contained in its issue of May, 1902, the following: 

"His death was a source of grief throughout 
Southern California, but especially in Ventura, 
which had for so many years been his home. 

"There was a great outpouring of the people 
of that County, and thousands took advantage of 
the opportunity of seeing their dear friend's fea- 
tures for the last time. On the march from the 
residence to the railroad station there was led be- 
hind the hearse the gray horse of the doctor, a 
noble animal that had shared many of his kind 
master's hardships, and was almost as well known 
as he. There was no driver in the seat, and as 
men saw the significance of this fact they broke 
down and wept. Over five thousand people gath- 
ered at the station and waited until the last sign 
of the train disappeared in the distance, bearing 
the body away towards Los Angeles, where it was 
finally cremated. 

"Besides being a great physician and an able 
surgeon, Dr. Bard was a most delightful writer, 
and his articles, which appeared from time to time 
in the 'Southern California Practitioner,' have all 
been eagerly read by the medical profession." 

The Ventura County Medical Society, of which 
Dr. Bard was a charter member and life-long sup- 
porter, passed the following resolutions following 
the death of its distinguished member: 

"WHEREAS, the members of the medical fra- 
ternity of Ventura County deeply deplore the death 
of their colleague, Dr. C. L. Bard, when at the 
height of his activities for the profession and 

"BE IT RESOLVED, that we publicly express 
our sympathy for the bereaved relatives, and our 
respect for the man who was known by us for 
so long. 

"Dr. Bard was the first American physician to 
locate in Ventura County, and during his many 
years of hard labor, was ever ready to bring to 
the service of the sick, and the profession, a per- 
sonality rich in qualities acquired through long 
years by an honest, fearless and pure soul. 

"His friends were very numerous, and he was 
ever prompted by a kind heart and generous 
thought to aid or counsel whenever there was need. 
His professional ambitions he never allowed to be 
dimmed by weariness or age, and he was a student 
to the very last days of his- useful life. 

"This pioneer doctor, this rugged, brainy, gen- 
tlemanly man has gone from among us, but his 
personality is a part of each one of us. 

"Of him it cannot be said that he was not with- 
out honor save in his own country." 

The committee which drafted this resolution 
was made up of three of the leading members of 
the medical profession of Southern California and 
they expressed, in dignified language, the feelings 
of the rest of the community. 

Resolutions similar to these were passed by 
the other organizations of which Dr. Bard was a 
member, these including the Southern California 
Medical Society, the Medical Society of the State 
of California, Ventura County Pioneer Society, the 
Grand Army of the Republic and others. 



Banker, San Francisco ana Los 
Angeles, California, was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, October 1, 
1842. He arrived in the city of 
Los Angeles in 1859; married 
Miss Esther Neugass, of New York, on the 4th of 
April, 1870, and as a result of that marriage 
there are three children, I. W. Hellman, Jr., Clara 
Hellman Heller, and Florence Hellman Ehrman. 

The story of the un- 
usually successful career of 
Mr. Hellman is replete with 
interesting chapters. Begin- 
ning with no capital whatso- 
ever, he has won his way 
step by step to one of the 
highest positions in the finan- 
cial world, and today is 
known throughout America 
as one of the most substan- 
tial financiers of the presen 4 

His success was not won 
without struggles; reared in 
Bavaria, he received but a 
meager education in the 
schools of that country. At 
the age of seventeen, he left 
Germany for America, and by 
the Panama Isthmus route 
arrived in San Francisco in 
1859. He remained in that 
city but a short time, locat- 
ing in Los Angeles in the 
same year. 

Being of an industrious 
frame of mind, he did not re- 
main idle long in his new 
home. He sought and found employment as a dry 
goods clerk in a store in the Arcadia Block on Los 
Angeles street. In those days that portion of the 
city was the active business center, and there Mr. 
Hellman learned his first lesson in business. 

There was little in the young clerk to indicate 
the later financier and master of the Western bank- 
ing world, save an untiring energy and determina- 
tion to succeed, which seemed to dominate him. 
His close attention to duty and his quick grasp of 
business principles were characteristics that dis- 
tinguished him, yet those who knew him little 
dreamed that he would some day become a finan- 
cial genius whose name would be almost as famil- 
iar in New York, London, Paris and Berlin as in 
his home city. 

It took Mr. Hellman just ten years to save the 
required amount of capital to start the business of 
which he had dreamed and determined to build. By 
this time his name had become known to every 
business man of Southern California, and when he 
organized the banking house of Hellman, Temple & 


Company he was quickly backed in that project by 
a corps of substantial business men. He was 
elected manager and president of the bank at the 
beginning, and remained in that position until the 
house was merged into a larger and more influential 

In 1871 he organized the Farmers and Mer- 
chants' Bank of Los Angeles, today known as the 
oldest and one of the strongest financial institutions 
in Southern California. He was appointed cashier 
and manager of that bank, 
and for the following twenty 
years was constantly at its 
head, directing its countless 
details and gradually forging 
ahead as a leader of finance. 

During the years he was 
the active head of the Farm- 
ers and Merchants' Bank the 
reserves of that institution 
were not the legal twenty-five 
per cent of the deposits, but 
ranged from fifty to seventy- 
five per cent. He regarded 
his responsibility as a sacred 
trust, and determined that he 
would have money on hand 
when the depositors called 
for it. He maintained an un- 
shaken confidence in the pub- 
lic mind, and when he en- 
tered upon an enterprise the 
public at large felt assured 
that it was a safe under- 

Mr. Hellman's success in 
bringing his Los Angeles 
bank into prominence among 
the financial houses of the 
West attracted the attention and respect of finan- 
ciers of the entire Pacific Coast, and in 1901 he was 
called to San Francisco to reorganize the Nevada 
Bank, assuming its management and presidency. 
It was later converted, under the national bank- 
ing laws, as the Nevada National Bank, and the 
latter institution consolidated with the Wells 
Fargo & Company Bank in April, 1905, and became 
known as the Wells Fargo Nevada National Bank. 
Mr. nellman continues as president to this date. 

His record in San Francisco since 1901 has been 
as brilliant, if not more brilliant, than his financial 
career in Los Angeles. His services in that city 
have been crowned with success. 

While his achievements in the financial world 
stand alone, he is a man of many accomplishments. 
He is master of four languages and is a student of 
literature. He has been one of the regents of the 
University of California and is revered and re- 
spected by thousands of citizens who have pros- 
pered as a result of his management in financial 



ILLER, HENRY, San Fran- 

t cisco, California, Stock-raiser, 
Land-owner and Capitalist, 
was born in Brackenheim, 
Germany, July 21, 1828. 
His father was a dealer in cattle, and 
his forefathers on the maternal side were 
vintners. He reached California in the year 
1849, first settling in San Francisco, where 
in the year 1860 he 
was married to Miss 
Sarah Wilmot Sheldon, 
the niece of his first 
wife, deceased. The sur- 
viving child of this mar- 
riage is Mrs. J. Leroy 
Nickel, born Nellie Sarah 

From his seventh to his 
fourteenth year he at- 
tended the village school, 
but from the age of eight 
earned his own living, 
his assistance to his 
father offsetting the cost 
of his maintenance. At 
school he was noted for 
his aptitude for figures, 
his excellent memory and 
his impatience of control. 

His strong commercial 
traits, which he later de- 
veloped to a high degree 
of efficiency, were evinced 
at a very early age. At 
twelve he was in the habit 
of buying cattle, sheep 
and goats, generally at a bargain, and driving 
them to his father's packing house. But 
chafing under parental training and not lik- 
ing the prospect of the long apprenticeship 
necessary, nor the emoluments of ten Prus- 
sian dollars for his first year's work, he soon 
after removed to Holland, thence to England, 
whence in 1847 he came to New York, in 
every instance changing his abode solely to 
better his condition. 

After working in New York, first as a 
gardener for four dollars a month, and then 
as assistant to a pork butcher for eight dol- 
lars per thirty days of sixteen hours a day 
he saved enough money to pay his passage 
to San Francisco, which he reached in '49, 
with six dollars in his pocket. 

Having formed the habit of reliance on his 
own judgment he had no misgivings of the 
future. He first engaged himself to a French- 
man to butcher sheep, at the head of Dupont 


street, now Grant avenue, and worked for 
him two months, for small wages, doing his 
own cooking and economizing in every way 
possible. After the fire of June, 1851, he 
leased a lot on Jackson street, for $150 cash, 
erected a one-story building and set up shop 
as a retail butcher, a business in which he 
soon became a wholesale dealer. In 1853 he 
bought and delivered in San Francisco the 
first herd of cattle ever 
driven into a San Fran- 
cisco market. Four years 
later he purchased, with 
Mr. Charles Lux, sixteen 
hundred head of Texas 
steers, and formed the 
partnership which was 
the foundation of the fa- 
mous firm of Miller & 
Lux, and which continued 
for more than twenty- 
five years, until the death 
of Mr. Lux. 

The beginning of Mr. 
Miller's vast investments 
in country lands was the 
purchase, on his private 
account, of the Bloom- 
field ranch near Gilroy. 
This consisted at first of 
1700 acres, which he sub- 
sequently increased to 30- 
000 acres. Selected pri- 
marily as a suitable as- 
sembling place for the 
herds of cattle from the 
southern counties, this 
land ultimately became very valuable 

Miller & Lux gradually increased their 
holdings until they covered 750,000 acres in 
eleven different counties of Californa, and 
also large tracts in Oregon and Nevada. In 
1888 it was estimated that they had on this 
land one hundred thousand cattle and eighty 
thousand sheep. The area of their grazing 
land alone is almost equal to that of the 
State of Rhode Island, and for several 
years their sales of meat averaged $1,500,000 
a year. 

Among Mr. Miller's other notable achieve- 
ments was his organization of the San 
Joaquin and King's River Canal and Irriga- 
tion Company, of which in 1876 the firm, in 
self-defense, got control. 

He is known also for his large charities, 
and many recipients thereof are indebted to 
him for their support and education in their 
early years. 

4 6 


talist, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born at 'Little Beav- 
er, Columbiana County, Ohio, 
March 23, 1843. His father 
was Mathew Laughlin and his mother Maria 
(Moore) Laughlin, the former of whom was 
born in Columbiana County in the year 1814, 
one of the pioneers of Columbiana County, 
Ohio, engaged for half a 
century in the milling 
business at Little Beaver. 
James Laughlin (the 
grandfather of Homer 
Laughlin) was of Scotch- 
Irish descent, but born in 
Maryland, passing the 
latter part of his life in 

On June 18, 1875, Ho- 
mer Laughlin married 
Cornelia Battenberg at 
Wellsville, Ohio. There 
were three children, Ho- 
mer, Jr., Nanita and 
Gwendolen V. 

Mr. Laughlin received 
his education, first in the 
common schools and la- 
ter Neville Institute. 

On July 12, 1862, Mr. 
Laughlin enlisted for 
Civil War service at East 
Liverpool, Ohio, in Com- 
pany A, 115th, Ohio Vol- 
unteer Infantry, remain- 
ing in service till July 7, 
1865, when he was mustered out, as Sergeant 
at Cleveland, Ohio. 

As a young man, Mr. Laughlin went to 
New York where he became associated with 
his brother, Shakespeare Moore Laughlin, in 
the wholesale importation of English earth- 
enware, the firm operating from October 1, 
1871, to October, 1873, under the firm name 
of Laughlin Brothers. In September, 1873, 
this firm built a pottery for the manufacture 
of fine white earthenware at East Liverpool, 
Ohio, and continued until 1879, when Mr. 
Laughlin bought out his brother's interest 
and personally conducted the business as the 
Homer Laughlin China Company until 1897, 
when he removed to California to live a re- 
tired life. Under his personal management 
his pottery business grew to be much the 
largest and leading industry of the kind in 
the United States. The company while now 
under other ownership still retains the es- 


tablished name of The Homer Laughlin 
China Company. 

Immediately after taking up his residence 
here, Mr. Laughlin recognized the possibili- 
ties of the city and commenced the construc- 
tion of the Homer Laughlin Building, on 
Broadway, the first fire-proof office building 
in Southern California. This undertaking es- 
tablished a standard for fire-proof construc- 
tion much in advance of 
the times. About 1901, 
he built the building oc- 
cupied since its construc- 
tion by Jacoby Brothers, 
a few doors south of the 
Homer Laughlin Build- 
ing. It occupies the site 
of the old First Methodist 

In 1905, he began the 
construction of the "An- 
nex" to the Homer 
Laughlin Building, it be- 
ing a typical re-enforced 
concrete structure, cover- 
ing a large area and ex- 
tending to Hill street. It 
has the distinction of be- 
ing the first re-enforced 
concrete building erected 
in Southern California. 

Mr. Laughlin was held 
in high esteem by the late 
President William Mc- 
Kinley, of whom he was 
an intimate friend for 
over thirty years. When 
President McKinley and his Cabinet visited 
Los Angeles, he was President of the Recep- 
tion Committee. 

Mr. Laughlin was for years President of 
the U. S. Potters' Association and from 1878 
to 1898 chairman of the executive committee. 
He received medals from the Centennial Ex- 
position, Philadelphia, 1876; Cincinnati Ex- 
position, 1879; World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion, Chicago, 1893, for superior manufactory 
of pottery. 

He has been on the Board of Managers of 
the American Protective Tariff League since 
1882; was a member of the First Crusaders 
party of Knights Templar to Europe, June 1, 
1871 ; is honorary life member Girvan En- 
campment of Glasgow, Knights Templar of 
Scotland ; member Allegheny Commandery 
No. 35, Knights Templar; member Republi- 
can Club of New York and California Club, 
Los Angeles. 



President, Oakland Traction 
Company, Oakland, Cal., was 
born in Galena, 111., May 18, 
1852, the son of Samuel But- 
tles Heron and Jane (Tippett) Heron. His 
paternal ancestors came to this country from 
Scotland and settled in New England ; on the 
maternal side his forbears were English. 

On June 15, 1892, Mr. 
Heron was married in 
Stockton to Miss Eliza- 
beth Mead D u d 1 e y, 
daughter of the well 
known attorney of that 
city, and their children 
are William Dudley and 
Ernest Heron, Jr. 

From 1859 to 1867 he 
attended the public 
schools in Galena, two 
years of this period as a 
student in the high 
school, which he left, 
when he was sixteen 
years of age, to become a 
bookkeeper in a business 
house of his native town. 
After a few months of 
this occupation, he trav- 
eled through the North- 
west as a salesman for 
wholesale grocery houses 
until 1871, when poor 
health forced him to relax 
his activities. E. A. HERON 

In April, 1873, Mr. 

Heron came to California and went to work 
as a bookkeeper for Myers Truett, a specula- 
tor in lands and similar investments. Within 
a few months, however, he shifted to San 
Luis Obispo, where for about a half year he 
was employed, again as a bookkeeper, by 
Goldtree Brothers. He then returned to San 
Francisco and to Myers Truett, but at the 
end of three months entered the Custom 
House as an inspector, a position which he 
retained until December, 1875, when he 
moved to Oakland and became the private 
secretary of E. C. Sessions, a banker and real 
estate operator. 

Mr. Heron's interests on the east side of the 
bay have been wide and varied and have con- 
tributed much to the deyelopment of that part 
of the State. His initiative and progressive 
instincts were too pronounced to permit him 
to hold, for any length of time, a subordinate 
position. In 1876 he was one of the organi- 

zers of the Highland Park-Fruitvale Railway, 
and in the following year he entered the real 
estate business on his own account. In this 
he was active for twenty-five years, devot- 
ing much of his energy to car line extensions, 
as a practical means of aiding, not only his 
own business, but also the community in 
which he lived. His most important step, 
perhaps, in this direction was the part he 
played in 1889, as one of 
the organizers of the 
Piedmont Cable Railroad 
Company, of which he 
became president. This 
was absorbed by the 
present Oakland Trac- 
tion Company, a corpora- 
tion which Mr. Heron has 
served as president since 
1895. He was also one 
of the organizers and the 
president of the San 
Francisco, Oakland and 
San Jose Consolidated 
Railway, now known as 
the Key Route. This is 
one of the most important 
urban and interurban elec- 
tric transportation sys- 
tems in the United States, 
connecting San Francisco 
with the other bay cities. 
Its western station is 
built in deep water in the 
middle of San Francisco 
bay, and is connected to 
the mainland by one of 
the longest piers in the world, over which the 
trains fly at a high rate of speed. A line of 
high-speed ferries runs from San Francisco 
to the pier station. His tendencies have al- 
ways been commercial, and these he has de- 
veloped to the considerable gain of the East 
Side cities. 

Chief among the activities with which Mr. 
Heron has become identified are the Realty 
Syndicate, of which the was formerly vice 
president, and the First National Bank of 
Oakland, wherein he is a director. He is 
also chairman of the building committee of 
the Oakland Hotel, and vice president of the 
Bay Cities Securities Company. He is a 
member of the Oakland Chapter, No. 36, R. 
A. M., and of the Oakland Commandery, 
No. 11, K. T. His clubs are the Athenian, 
the Claremont Country and the Home Club, 
of Oakland, and the Bohemian of San Fran- 


EWMARK, HARRIS, Retired Mer- 
chant, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Loebau, Germany, 
July 5, 1834, the son of Philip 
Newmark and Esther (Cohn) 
Newmark. He married Sarah 
Newmark at Los Angeles, March 24, 1858, and to 
them were born eleven children, five of whom are 
living. They are Maurice H., Estelle (Mrs. L. 
Loeb), Emily (Mrs. J. Loew), Ella (Mrs. C. Selig- 
man), and Marco R. New- 
mark. The deceased chil- 
dren were an infant daugh- 
ter, Philip H., Edward J., 
Edith and Josephine Rose. 

Mr. Newmark is descend- 
ed of a family known arid 
respected in the religious 
and commercial world of his 
community. His ancestors on 
both sides were Rabbis and his 
father, who was born in 1795, 
was a merchant in Germany 
and Sweden in the early part 
of the nineteenth century. 

Mr. Newmark attended 
school in Germany, termi- 
nating his studies when he 
sailed for Los Angeles, 
whither his elder brother, 
Mr. J. P. Newmark, had pre- 
ceded him. Arriving there 
Oct. 25, 1853, he joined his 
brother, who was engaged in 
business, and ten months 
later, after acquiring a work- 
ing knowledge of English 
and Spanish, started Tor 
himself. His first venture 

was in 1854, when he associated himself with New- 
mark, Kremer & Co. In the fall of 1861 he re-or- 
ganized the firm as Newmark & Kremer, and, after 
conducting it in this form for some time he with- 
. drew and organized the house of H. Newmark & 
Company one of the earliest and then the only 
important commission establishment in Los An- 
geles. In 1865, he opened the wholesale grocery 
house of H. Newmark & Co., under which name 
it operated until 1886, when he sold out his in- 
terests and the well known institution of M. A. 
Newmark & Company developed. 

Mr. Newmark founded the firm when Los An- 
geles was young; in the days when desert wagons 
would come once or twice a year from as far East 
as Salt Lake City to get supplies. In the begin- 
ning the late General Phineas Banning, another 
California pioneer, was associated with him. 

Upon relinquishing the management of this 
business in 1886, Mr. Newmark became active in 
the affairs of K. Cohn & Company, hide and wool 
merchants. At the end of ten years the firm was 
dissolved, he continuing the hide branch and Mr. 
Cohn the wool business. In 190G he retired, after 
fifty-three years of commercial activity, and this 
business now continues under the name of A. 
Brownstein & Company. 


What Mr. Newmark did for the commercial up- 
building of Los Angeles he equaled in other ways 
which have had an important part m the general 
development of the city and its environs. He 
was a pioneer real estate investor and in 1875 
sold to E. J. ("Lucky") Baldwin, 8030 acres of the 
celebrated Baldwin Ranch, outside of Los Angeles, 
receiving $200,000 for it. Two years later he 
bought the Temple Block site (recently sold to 
Los Angeles for a City Hall site) and organ- 
ized the Temple Block Co., 
of which he was President. 
In 1875, he purchased Vejar 
Vineyard, in Los Angeles, 
and the next day the fruit 
was ruined by frost. The 
vines recovered, however, 
and several years later he 
sold it at a handsome profit. 
In 1886, he purchased Re- 
petta Ranch, consisting of 
5000 acres, and after sub-di- 
viding part of it into five- 
acre lots, built the towns of 
Montebello and Newmark. 

These are typical of the 
work of Mr. Newmark and 
show him to have been one 
of the powerful factors for 
progress in Los Angeles. 
He has been an upbuilder at 
all times, in business and in 
civic development, and his in- 
fluence is apparent to-day in 
the business code of the city, 
for he inspired confidence 
and won trade for Los An- 
geles, and any enterprise 
with which his name was 

connected always had the confidence of the public. 
Mr. Newmark was one of the charter members 
of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and 
one of the organizers of the Los Angeles Board of 
Trade, serving as a member of its first Board of 
Directors. He was also one of the organizers of the 
L. A. Public Library and was President of the 
L. A. Congregation, B'nai B'rith for many years. 

Mr. Newmark is a man of many philanthropies 
and in times of disaster has been among the first 
to aid the sufferers. At the time of the Johnstown 
flood, he raised a substantial purse Tor the victims 
within twenty-four hours, it being the first money 
contribution received by the Governor of Penn- 
sylvania. He also contributed $20,000 towards the 
Los Angeles Hebrew Orphans' Home, and has been 
one of the chief supporters of it since its inception. 
Mr. Newmark was a charter member of the 
California Club, and has been a member of Los 
Angeles Lodge No. 42, F. and A. M., since 1858. He 
is also a member of the Concordia Club, South- 
west Museum, National Geographical Society, Na- 
tional Farm School Association, American Archae- 
ological Society and many philanthropic organiza- 
tions. His chief pleasure has been obtained through 
travel, he having made several trips to Europe in 
1867. 1887 and 1900. 



HARRIS, wholesale grocer, 
Los Angeles, California, is a 
native of that city. He was 
born March 3, 1859. He is 
the son of Harris Newmark, retired pioneer 
merchant of Los Angeles and founder 
of a number of the most substantial 
enterprises operating today. His mother 
was Sarah Newmark. On 
July 3, 1888, he married 
Rose Newmark at 
San Francisco, Califor- 
nia. There is one daugh- 
ter, Florence Newmark 

Mr. Newmark attend- 
ed private and public 
schools in Los Angeles 
from 1865 till 1872, when 
he went to New York 
and there attended a pri- 
vate school for one year, 
after which he went to 
Paris, France, where he 
devoted his time to study 
from 1873 to 1876, in 
which year he graduated 
and shortly after returned 
to Los Angeles. 

Upon his return from 
his studies in France, Mr. 
Newmark entered the 
employ of the H. New- 
mark Company, the orig- 
inal house from which 
springs the present large 
institution, of which he is vice president, M. 
A. Newmark and Company. 

The original house was established by his 
father in 1865, and continued under its origi- 
nal name, of H. Newmark and Company and 
under the sole control of its founder until 
1885. Under the able direction of Harris 
Newmark, the house, which is the oldest es- 
tablishment of consequence in Los Angeles, 
has continued successfully and is today one 
of the most important commercial houses in 
the state. 

Up to 1885 Mr. Harris Newmark had as- 
sociated with him as partners at different 
periods such well known men as Mr. Kaspare 
Cohn, Mr. Samuel Cohn (deceased), Mr. M. 
J. Newmark (deceased), and Mr. M. A. 

When in 1885 Mr. Harris Newmark re- 
tired from active connection with the firm, 
the name was changed to its present one of 


M. A. Newmark and Company, and M. H. 
Newmark's interest became that of a full 

Mr. Newmark has been and is today iden- 
tified with practically every movement of 
Southern California intended for civic or 
commercial betterment possessed of actual 
merit and worthy of the expenditure of time. 
He at present holds the important and honor- 
ary office of harbor commissioner of Los An- 
geles under appointment 
by Mayor Alexander. He 
has been president of the 
Associated Jobbers since 
that body was organized 
thirteen years ago. He 
has been president ol 
the Southern California 
Wholesale Grocers' 
Association for the past 
ten years, and has served 
in one important capacity 
or another in most of the 
city organizations, such as 
the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Merchants and 
Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion and the Board of 
Trade, in all of which he 
is or has been an active 
director. He is also a di- 
rector in the Southwest 
Museum, an adjunct of 
the Archaeological Socie- 
ty of America, established 
for the purpose of histor- 
ical research and the pres- 
ervation of prehistoric 
and historic relics of the Southwest. 

He is a firm believer in home industry 
and has backed this policy with his capital and 
time. As the official head of various commer- 
cial bodies he has advocated fair and generous 
policies that have had the effect of bringing 
business to Los Angeles, and under his ad- 
ministration determined steps have been 
taken to bring about a fair equalization of 
railroad freight rates. 

Among his business enterprises are the 
following: Vice president Harris Newmark 
Co., first vice president M. A. Newmark & 
Co., vice president Los Angeles Brick Co., 
director Equitable Savings Bank, director 
Standard Woodenware Co., and director 
Montebello Land and Water Co. 

He is a member of the Concordia and the 
Jonathan Clubs. 

Mr. Newmark has a valuable collection of 
stamps. He also enjoys fishing, and finds 
time each year to spend with rod and reel. 




DOLPH, Physician, Los An- 
geles, California; born Fair- 
mont Springs, Luzerne Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, June 13, 
1853 ; Father, James Sydney Haynes ; mother, 
Elvira Mann (Koons) Haynes. At the age 
of 21 he received the degrees of M. D. and Ph. 
D. from the University of Pennsylvania. 
Eight years later he married Miss Dora Fel- 
lows of Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania. Owing 
to the ill health of members of his family he 
removed to Los Angeles in 1887, after thir- 
teen years' practice in Philadelphia. Here he 
engaged in the practice of medicine with his 
brother Francis, who attained great eminence 
as a surgeon, but whose brilliant career was 
in 1898 cut short by death. 

Dr. J. R. Haynes has served as a member 
of the Los Angeles Civil Service Commission, 
with the exception of a few months' inter- 
val, from the date of its inception in 1903. In 
1900 he organized The Direct Legislation 
League of California and has served as its 
president up to the present time. 

Dr. Haynes is referred to in the "Califor- 
nia Outlook" of September 9, 1911, by its 
editor, Mr. Charles D. Willard, in the follow- 
ing terms : 

"There is in Dr. John R. Haynes some of the 
material of which great law-makers are made, also 
something of the hero and martyr, also a bit of the 
prophet and seer, and a lot of the keen, vigorous 
man of affairs. It took all of that to accomplish 
what he has put to his credit in the State of Cali- 
fornia. He arrived in Los Angeles from Philadel- 
phia in 1887 and started right to work for direct 
legislation. It took ten years to make the people 
understand what it was, and then five years more 
to get it into the Los Angeles city charter. He did 
it; nobody can dispute the honor with him; and he 
was abused and insulted every inch of the way. 
For ten years and more he has been urging every 
State Legislature to let the people vote on a 
"people's-rule" amendment. At last he won that 
fight. Incidentally, as mere side issues, it might 
be mentioned that he is one of the most eminent 
physicians of California, that he is one of the city's 
largest property holders, and that he is personally 
one of the most popular men in that part of the 

The foregoing gives some insight into the 
progressive, practical quality which domi- 
nates Dr. Haynes' efforts in behalf of all 
worthy movements calculated by him to be 
for the greatest good of the greatest number. 
He was the first to agitate the question of 
the adoption of the Initiative, Referendum 
and Recall provisions for the city of Los An- 
geles, and largely through his untiring 
energy they became, in 1903, a part of the 
city's charter. The incorporation of the "Re- 

call" was especially his individual work; the 
first application of the principle, in fact, into 
the actual machinery of government. On this 
account he is known throughout the country 
as the "Father of the Recall." At the time of 
its adoption Los Angeles was the only com- 
munity in the world where a majority of the 
electors had at any time the power to dis- 
charge unsatisfactory officials. Since that 
date the Recall has been adopted by more 
than two hundred American cities and by 
three States. 

Immediately after the adoption of these 
Direct Legislation provisions by the city, Dr. 
Haynes set to work to secure the same 
measures for the State ; and after eight years 
of unremitting effort they were adopted in 
the election of October 10, 1911, by a ma- 
jority of 4 to 1. 

An instance of the practical value of the 
Initiative in government affairs occurred sev- 
eral years ago, when Dr. Haynes, by its use, 
compelled the street railways in Los Angeles 
to equip their cars with efficient fenders, re- 
sulting in an enormous saving of life. At that 
time the city of Los Angeles had the highest 
fatality rate from street car accidents of any 
city in the world. After correspondence with 
officials of seventy-four cities in Europe and 
America, he drew up a safety fender ordi- 
nance, which, by means of an initiative peti- 
tion, he forced through an unwilling street- 
railway-bossed Council, with the result that 
the superintendent of the company himself 
some time later voluntarily stated to Dr. 
Haynes that these fenders, put on as a result 
of the Initiative ordinance, he estimated to 
have saved in a comparatively short space of 
time the lives of two hundred people. 

Dr. Haynes is now endeavoring to reduce 
the rate of fatality in the coal mines of the 
United States, which is now five times as 
great as in Europe. After a personal inspec- 
tion of European mines and interviews with 
many experts there and at home, he is stren- 
uously advocating the establishment of an in- 
terstate mining commission empowered to 
prescribe safety regulations. He thinks coal 
mines still owned by the nation should not be 
sold, but retained by the Nation and operated 
either by the government or by leases safe- 
guarding the interest of the Nation and the 
lives of the miners. 

Dr. Haynes is a member of a large num- 
ber of societies and clubs, medical, philan- 
thropic, civic and social in character, and 
State, national and even international in the 
range of their activities. 


jj} VER, Vice President of the 
Southern Pacific Company, in 
charge of traffic, San Francis- 
co, was born at Lafayette, In- 

diana, April 3, 1858, the son of O. H. P. Mc- 
Cormick and Marie Louise (De Vault) Mc- 
Cormick. In 1899 he came from Cincinnati 
to San Francisco to take the position of pas- 
senger traffic manager of 
the Southern Pacific Com- 
pany. He was married in 
1897 at Cincinnati to Miss 
Lily Henry and is the 
father of Louise McCor- 
mick (now Mrs. Robert B. 
Henderson), Ernest Oliver 
McCormick, Jr., and Mary 
Kilgore and Margaret 
Duer McCormick (twins). 

He obtained his school- 
room education in the pub- 
lic schools of Lafayette, 

In 1879 Mr. McCormick 
began his eventful and pro- 
gressive railway career, as 
a time-keeper in the con- 
struction department of the 
Lake Erie & Western Rail- 
road. After serving in this 
capacity, as well as in oth- 
er positions, he was pro- 
moted to the post of Gen- 
eral Agent of the Freight 

Department of the Louis- E o . McCORMICK 

ville, New Albany and Chi- 

cago Railway at Lafayette, Indiana. His next 
move upward was to the position of General 
Agent of the Great Eastern freight line at 

Traffic Manager of the Big Four Railroad, 
with headquarters at Cincinnati. Five years 
later he moved to California to become Pas- 
senger Traffic Manager of the Southern Pa- 
cific Company, at San Francisco. On March 
i, 1904, he was appointed Assistant Director 
of Traffic for the Union Pacific and the South- 
ern Pacific lines; and in May, 1910, he be- 
came Vice President of the Southern Pacific 
Company and related lines, 
in charge of traffic from 
Portland, Oregon, to El 
Paso, Texas. 

During this active career 
Mr. McCormick has seized 
his opportunities to develop 
what has become almost a 
hobby with him, v i z., 
colonization. Few men, 
if any, have been individ- 
ually responsible for the 
growth of more communi- 
ties than has E. O. McCor- 
mick. He not only had 
much to do with the or- 
ganization of colonization 
rates from the East to Cali- 
fornia, in 1901, but he has 
also helped materially to 
bring many important con- 
ventions to the West. 
Among his many projects 
in this and allied directions 
may be mentioned the pos- 
tal card mailing day for 
California, the "Raisin 
Day" propaganda and oth- 

er similar enterprises. 

Together with his associates he is now de- 
voting much attention to the problem of pro- 

* f 'i". r_ __ j.t_ _ j.1 

r ! -rj- j 1 r* 1 V Vi/UllK inui-ii ctLLv^iitiwii uw mv- ^* v _^^ 

Louisville, Kentucky. Subsequently he went vidin the best possible facilities for the thou- 

OVer to the Pasepncrpr F)pr>aH-mpnt nf roi1t-/->orl_ ? . i _ -^ __A_J ...:11 U~ 

over to the Passenger Department of railroad- 
ing, and became City Passenger Agent of the 
Monon Route, at Louisville and Chicago. It 
was during his connection with this road that 
he began to realize his colonization ideas which 
have since proved so beneficial to the com- 
munities in which he operated. Fully appre- 
ciating the importance, both from the view- 
point of the railroad and from that of general 
business of increasing the desirable popula- 
tion of sparsely settled districts, he was chiefly 
instrumental in establishing the Ocala and oth- 
er colonies in Florida. 

In 1889 Mr. McCormick was made General 
Passenger and Ticket Agent of the Cincinnati, 
Hamilton & Dayton Railway, a post he re- 
tained until 1894, when he became Passenger 

sands of visitors who, it is expected, will be 
attracted to San Francisco by the Panama- 
Pacific International Exposition to be held 
in 1915. 

Beyond his railroad connections he is vice 
president of the American Association of Re- 
frigeration, ex-president Association of Gen- 
eral Passenger and Ticket Agents, and a 
member of the Chicago Association of Com- 
merce, Home Industry League of California, 
Merchants' Exchange of San Francisco, and 
the American Freight Traffic Gulf Associa- 
tion. Among his clubs are the Pacific-Union, 
Bohemian, Army and Navy, of San Francisco ; 
Burlingame Country, of Burlingame , San 
Mateo County, California; Chicago Club, and 
the Union League, of Chicago, 



Pres., Park Bank, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Santa Bar- 
bara, California, May 5, 1850, the 
son of John C. Kays and Josephine 
(Burke) Kays. He married Alice 
Benedict at Boonville, Missouri, January 30, 1883, 
and to them there have been born four children, 
James Walter, Ruth Josephine, Cecelia Catherine 
and Florence Frances Kays. He is of Irish descent, 
his father having been a na- 
tive of County Roscommon, 

Mr. Kays' education was 
fragmentary. He attended 
the public schools of Santa 
Barbara, but was compelled 
to give up his studies at the 
age of thirteen, owing to fin- 
ancial reverses suffered by 
his father, and went to work 
as clerk in the general store 
of his uncle at Santa Ynez, 
Cal. He devoted his spare 
hours to study, however, and 
when he was about fifteen 
years of age, matriculated 
for the Christian Brothers' 
College at Santa Ynez. He 
paid his own tuition, but at 
the end of two years again 
was forced to give up his 
studies and work for the 
maintenance of his family. 

When he was twenty 
years old, Mr. Kays took up 
mining in Nevada and in In- 
yo County, Cal. This was 
the actual beginning of a 
career, which, although suc- 
cessful in the ultimate, was 
filled with various setbacks. 
After mining successfully for 
a time, he located, in 1870, 
at the town of Cerro Gordo, 
near Lone Pine, Cal., in the 
region whence the Los Angeles water supply now 
flows, and there bought out a small general mer- 
chandise store. This he operated with success 
until 1872, when the region was visited by a series 
of earthquakes which continued at intervals for 
months, and Mr. Kays sold out his business and 
left that part of the State. 

He went to Santa Barbara for a time and early 
in 1874 went to Los Angeles, where he entered 
the employ of the then leading hardware establish- 
ment of the city Harper & Long, now known 
as the Harper, Reynolds Co. He was a Democrat 
in his political affiliation and early took an inter- 
est in the affairs of his party. This led, in 1877, 
to his appointment as Deputy, under County Clerk 
A. W. Potts, and he later served as Undersheriff 
with Sheriffs Henry M. Mitchell and W. R. Row- 
land of Los Angeles County. 

In 1879, Mr. Kays was elected City Treasurer 
of Los Angeles and was twice re-elected, in 1882 
and 1884, his administrations being marked for 
economy in the handling of the city's financial af- 
fairs and the inauguration of business methods. 
Upon retiring from office in 1886, Mr. Kays was 
appointed United States Revenue Stamp Agent 
for the Los Angeles District under Collector Ellis 
and served in that capacity until 1887, when he 


resigned to accept the Democratic nomination for 
sheriff. Los Angeles County then included a vast 
amount of territory, which has since been changed 
into other counties, but the campaign was notable 
for the fact that the Democrats overcame a Re- 
publican majority of 4000 that year. Mr. Kays served 
one term and declined a second nomination. 

From 1889 to 1892 Mr. Kays was Receiver and 
Manager of the Citizens' Water Company, which sup- 
plied water to the hill section of Los Angeles, and 
then for about two and a 
half years operated the plant 
as trustee for the bondhold- 
ers of the company. In 1898, 
when a dispute between the 
city and the company over 
the purchase of the water 
system by the former came 
to a focus, Mr. Kays was 
chosen to represent the city 
on the Arbitration Commis- 
sion appointed to clear up 
the situation. The company 
had demanded a price for 
the property which the city 
deemed exorbitant, and the 
City Council had offered a 
figure which the company 
declared was little better 
than confiscation, with the 
result that negotiations were 
deadlocked. Through Mr. 
Kays a compromise was 
reached, the city paying 
$2,000,000 for the property. 
This price satisfied both 
sides, and the city has since 
received the purchase price 
many times over. 

Mr. Kays embarked in 
banking in 1902, when he 
and a group of Los Angeles 
financiers took over the 
charter of the Riverside Bank 
& Trust Co. of Los Angeles, 
which had been in existence 
since 1891. They reorganized the institution as the 
Dollar Savings- Bank & Trust Company, with $50,000 
capital. A little over a year later the capital was 
increased to $100,000 and the scope of the bank en- 
larged. Mr. Kays was made Vice President and 
later President, until 1907, when the bank became 
the Park Bank, of which he is now Vice Pres. and 
his son, James Walter Kays, Cashier. 

Mr. Kays has- figured as administrator of several 
large estates and as director and trustee in many 
other financial enterprises. He is esteemed as a 
substantial business- man and upbuilder and has 
lent his efforts on many occasions to civic move- 
ments which have aided in the development of the 
city. He served as a member, at different times, of 
the Los Angeles Water Board, the Park Commission 
and Public Service Commission. 

Mr. Kays has been active in philanthropic works 
and was one of the organizers of the Associated 
Charities of Los Angeles, in which he has been 
Vice Pres. since its inception in 1892. He has 
served as Treas. and Director of the Chamber of 
Commerce and is a Director in other organizations. 
He is a member California Club and Newman 
Club, the latter an organization of Catholic lay- 
men, which he served as President and Director 
for over ten years. 



ing Operator, Capitalist, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, was born 
in New York City, in 1854, 
the son of a family with the 

best American traditions for a number of 

generations. He married Miss Ida H. Sting- 
ley, descendant of one of the signers of the 

Declaration of Independence, of Virginia, 

in the year 1883. 

He is known in Salt 

Lake City as the man 

who has done more for 

the upbuilding of the 

city than any other, the 

one who converted a 

small country town into 

a modern American city 

of the first class. He is 

one of those men whose 

pride in the city he has 

chosen for his home is 

such that he throws his 

fortune into its advance- 
ment and beautification, 

and Samuel Newhouse is 

the possessor of an im- 
mense fortune. 

He was educated in 

the public schools of 

Philadelphia, and for a 

time read law, but in the 

year 1879 he went west to 

Colorado, on the crest of 

the Leadville rush. He 

thought his future was in 

the newspaper field, and 


such monuments as the Newhouse tunnel, 
one of the most ambitious bores in the his- 
tory of mining development, and mining 
towns like Idaho Springs and Georgetown. 
He helped upbuild Denver and is responsible 
for the Denver & Intermountain Railway, an 
electric interurban which connects Denver 
and Golden. He moved to Utah in 1896, 
when his holdings in the latter State became 
more important than his 
Denver holdings. He 
gained control of the 
Highland Boy mine, at 
Bingham, Utah, now in- 
corporated as the Utah 
Consolidated. The Stand- 
ard Oil later bought con- 
trol of this property for 
$6,000,000. He went into 
the Boston Consolidated, 
which owns whole moun- 
tains of copper ore, and 
has big interests in the 
Newhouse and Cactus. 
He laid out and built the 
model town of Newhouse, 
Utah. His interests have 
become so wide that he 
has to maintain offices in 
London and New York, 
as well as at Salt Lake 
City. He has bought 
considerable areas of 
New York City property 
and is becoming a big 
figure in that city. 

What he has done for 

he started a newspaper in the mountain city. 

There was no railroad line to Leadville, 
and all the essentials of life had to be 
freighted in from Denver, up mountain 
canons and over mountain passes. There 
developed the greatest freighting service 
that America has ever known, in which 
thousands of mules were used and fortunes 
made in months. Newhouse thought this 
was a good chance, and it proved to be. Be- 
fore the railroad had reached Leadville he 
managed to put by his first good stake. 

He put this capital into good mining 
prospects, and his rise to wealth and position 
was so rapid that it was marked by days and 
weeks, and not by years. 

He became a power in Colorado. He did 
not confine himself to the Leadville district, 
but entered the Clear Creek country west of 
Denver, and opened up some of the great 
silver properties. There he left behind him 

Salt Lake City is likely to become his most 
striking monument. He was the first man 
to build a modern steel skyscraper, and he 
did not stop at that, but built three, and 
they are among the finest in the western half 
of the United States. He has also had 
erected other fine buildings, among them 
one of the most beautiful of private resi- 
dences. He owns much residence property, 
and this he has had improved and beautified 
in the best style. 

He has brought immense sums of foreign 
capital, chiefly English, to Utah, to be used 
in the development of her varied resources, 
and his credit is high in the world's financial 

In Salt Lake City he is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Commercial Club and Mining Ex- 
change, and belongs to the best social clubs. 
He also is a member of most of the best 
clubs of New York and London. 



FRANCIS, Attorney-at-Law and 
ex-Judge of the Superior Court of 
San Francisco, was born in Litch- 
field County, Connecticut, August 
19, 1851, the son of Michael Sulli- 
van and Margaret (Bohane) Sullivan, both of whom 
were of Irish birth. He came to California in April, 
1852, and on September 13, 1876, was married in 
San Francisco to Miss Helen M. Bliss, daughter of 
George D. Bliss, a California 
pioneer. The children of 
this marriage are Harry F., 
Gertrude M. (now Mrs. Ber- 
nard M. Breeden), Helen 
Bliss, Jeremiah Francis, Jr., 
and Marguerite Sullivan. 

During the years 185G- 
1861 Judge Sullivan attended 
both public and private 
schools in Nevada County, 
California. From 1862 to 
1870 he was a student at St. 
Ignatius College, in San 
Francisco, and in the latter 
year was graduated B. A. He 
subsequently took an M. A., 
and later the honorary de- 
gree LL.D. from the same in- 
stitution. He then studied 
law, both privately and in 
the office of Winans & Bel- 
knap, during two years, of 
which period he taught 
mathematics, Latin, Greek, 
English, geography and his- 
tory at St. Ignatius. In Jan- 
uary, 1874, he was admitted 
to practice by the Supreme 
Court of California, after oral examination in open 

Until September, 1876, he practiced his profes- 
sion on his own account, and was then elected a 
member of the San Francisco Board of Education. 
While on that Board he assisted materially in the 
public investigation which resulted in putting an 
end to the advance sale of the questions to be sub- 
mitted by the Board of Examiners to applicants 
for teachers' certificates. He continued his prac- 
tice, with increasing success, until September, 1879, 
when he was elected to the Superior Bench, as one 
of the original twelve chosen under the Constitu- 
tion of 1879, which provided Superior Courts for 
each county, to replace the old District Courts. 
Judge Sullivan's first term was for five years, but 
in November, 1884, he was re-elected for a term of 
six years. In 1889 he resigned to devote himself to 
private practice, with his brother, Matt I. Sullivan, 
and has continued the partnership ever since. 

Judge Sullivan's judicial career was eventful, 
marked by important cases, some of which attract- 
ed wide public interest, and were sensational to a 
degree. He was but twenty-eight years old when 
he conducted his first really important trial. Con- 
spicuous among the causes that fall in this cate- 
gory was the case of Burke vs. Flood, one of the 


famous Bonanza cases, so-called from their relation 
to the old Comstock lode, at that time yielding fab- 
ulous returns. This particular case involved the 
division rights of stockholders on the Comstock, 
and took on much of the excitement of those stren- 
uous times. Another celebrated case over which 
Judge Sullivan presided was that of Cox vs. Mc- 
Laughlin. But the most sensational and, perhaps, 
far reaching in its consequences, of all the causes 
he tried, was that of Sharon vs. Sharon, both the 
trial and the decision of 
which created antagonisms 
that have lasted through 
years. This was an action 
brought by Sarah Althea Hill 
against Senator Wm. Sharon 
for divorce. She prayed that 
the contract of Aug. 25, 1880, 
by virtue of which she de- 
clared they had been mar- 
ried, be pronounced legal and 
valid, that account of prop- 
erty involved be taken, and 
the amount of community 
property involved be taken 
and amount of community 
property decided. The sec- 
ond trial began before Judge 
Sullivan, March 10, 1884, a 
jury being waived, and was 
concluded, after eighty days 
of trial, Sept. 17 of the same 
year. He decided in favor of 
the plaintiff, that the con- 
tract was genuine, that de- 
fendant deserted his wife and 
she was entitled to a divorce 
and a division of community 
property. On appeal the Su- 
preme Court sustained the decision, modifying the 
amount of alimony and counsel fees allowed. 

In 1886 Judge Sullivan was a candidate for the 
Supreme Bench. Certain influential elements con- 
spiring to defeat him, he lost by less than 500 votes 
in a total of 225,000. Of late years the practice of 
the firm, Sullivan, Sullivan & Theo. J. Roche, 
though of a general nature, has been largely in pro- 
bate matters, including will contests and damage 
suits, involving death or personal injuries. In these 
the partners have been remarkably sucecssful. 
Prominent was the case of Willard R. Zibbell vs. S. 
P. Co. Zibbell had lost two arms and one leg. Judg- 
ment, with interest and costs, amounted to upwards 
of $92,000. The Supreme Court sustained judgment 
of lower court and awarded to firm's client the larg- 
est sum ever paid in a damage suit in the United 

Beyond his legal and judicial life, Judge Sul- 
livan has been active in fraternal work. For 
two terms he was Grand President of the Young 
Men's Institute; organized the Atlantic jurisdiction 
of the order. He has, however, concentrated mainly 
on his profession, especially on strictly legal ques- 
tions involved, and has gained a wide reputation 
for courtesy and scholarly attainments, as well as 
for legal and judicial ability and integrity. 


road Manager, Los Angeles, 
California, was born at Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa, November 
12, 1863. His parents were 
Henry Clay Nutt and Eva (Stringham) 
Nutt, his father having been President of the 
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, now a part of 
the Santa Fe System, up to the time of his 
death in 1892. 

Mr. Nutt received his 
early education in the 
public schools of Council 
Bluffs and Chicago, and 
was graduated from the 
Sheffield Scientific School 
of Yale University in the 
class of 1883 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Phil- 

Within two months 
after he left school Mr. 
Nutt went in for practi- 
cal railroad work, begin- 
ning as axeman in the en- 
gineering department of 
the Burlington and Mis- 
souri River Railroad, now 
one of the important 
units of the Chicago, 
Burlington and Quincy 
line. He remained in the 
department for about 
seven years, working in 
various positions and in 
1890 was appointed 
to the position of Train- 
master of the road at Alliance, Nebraska. 

After holding this position for two years, 
Mr. Nutt was promoted to be Assistant Su- 
perintendent of the road, at Edgemont, 
South Dakota. At the end of a year he was 
transferred to Sheridan, Wyoming, in the 
same capacity and held this place for seven 
years. In 1900 he was made Assistant Super- 
intendent of Iowa lines for the Burlington 
road, his headquarters being at Burlington, 
Iowa. His work in the district so impressed 
the road's managers that at the end of three 
years he was made Superintendent of Iowa 
lines, still retaining headquarters at Burling- 

From this time forward Mr. Nutt's career in 
the railroad business has been a succession of 
promotions, each change made by him being 
to a more important position than its pred- 
ecessor. In 1905 he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the Missouri District for the Chi- 


cago, Burlington and Quincy, this being per- 
haps the most important division of the road. 
His headquarters at this time was at St. 
Louis and during the year he was stationed 
there he was one of the most active men in 
railroad business. 

In 1906 Mr. Nutt left his old road, after be- 
ing with it for nearly a quarter of a century, 
and accepted appointment as General Super- 
intendent of the Michi- 
gan Central Railroad, 
with headquarters at De- 
troit, Michigan. He held 
this position for about 
one year and in 1907 was 
chosen General Manager 
of the Northern Pacific 
lines west of Paradise, 
Montana, making his 
headquarters at Tacoma, 
Washington. In this of- 
fice Mr. Nutt carried a 
large amount of the re- 
sponsibility attaching to 
the road's work of devel- 
opment in the western 
part of Canada and the 
United States and after 
he had been there for 
about two years, he was 
elected Fourth Vice Pres- 
ident of the road, his rise 
in the affairs of the com- 
pany having been one of 
the most rapid in its his- 

Mr. Nutt was with the 

Northern Pacific for about five years and 
when R. E. Wells, General Manager of the 
Los Angeles, San Pedro and Salt Lake Rail- 
road, resigned his position early in the year 
1912, the Clark interests prevailed upon him 
to accept the post. He took up the duties of 
his office on May 1, 1912, and is now in ac- 
tive management of its affairs. 

As a practical railroad man, Mr. Nutt 
ranks with the leaders of the business. He 
is of the old school of all-round railroad men, 
capable of taking his place in any department 
of the service, and while exacting strict dis- 
cipline, is a kindly and amiable executive. 

He is a member of the St. Louis Club, St. 
Louis ; Alta and Commercial Clubs, Salt 
Lake City; University Club, Chicago; Rai- 
nier and University Clubs, Seattle ; Union, 
University and Commercial Clubs, Tacoma ; 
Arlington Club, Portland ; the Gamut and 
Los Angeles Athletic Clubs, Los Angeles. 



torney-at-Law, Phoenix, Arizona, 
was born in Petersburg, Virginia, 
May 4, 1868, the son of General 
George Stoneman and Mary Oliver 
(Hardisty) Stoneman. He marrieJ 
Julia Shortridge Hamm at Albuquerque, New Mex- 
ico, May 29, 1901, and to them there have been 
born three children, Virginia Hardisty, George and 
Mary Lejeal Stoneman. Mr. Stoneman's father 
occupies a notable place in 
the history of the United 
States, especially as a states- 
man and soldier. He was 
graduated from West Point 
in the class of 1845 and short- 
ly after receiving his commis- 
sion was dispatched to Cal- 
ifornia, where he served in 
the Mexican border wars of 
that period. He had attained 
the rank of Brigadier Gen- 
eral at the outbreak of the 
Civil War and was in charge 
of the organization of the 
United States cavalry force 
for the memorable conflict. 
He served with distinction 
throughout the war and at 
its close was appointed Mil- 
itary Governor of Virginia, 
serving there until he was 
transferred to Wilmington as 
Commander of the Depart- 
ment of California. He was 
retired with the rank of Ma- 
jor General after service as 
Commander for four years 
and soon thereafter became 

a factor in State politics. He was a member of 
the first Railroad Commission chosen under the 
new State Constitution of California, and in 1881 
was elected Governor, serving until 1887. On 
the maternal side, Mr. Stoneman's ancestors served 
in the Revolution, one having been on Washing- 
ton's staff. 

George J. Stoneman received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of San Francisco 
and studied law at the University of Michigan. 
He was graduated with the degree of L. L. B. in 
the class of 1889. 

He went to Seattle, Washington, where he was 
admitted to the bar at once, and entered the office 
of W. Lair Hill, noted as the annotator of the 
codes of Washington. He remained in this office 
about a year, or until Mr. Hill took up his code 
work; then, through a combination of circum- 
stances, went into the newspaper business as a 
political reporter on the Seattle "Telegraph." He 
took an active part in politics and in 1892 was 
elected City Clerk of Seattle, serving two years. 


Leaving office in May, 1894, Mr. Stoneman was 
inactive for some time and traveled considerably. 
He spent ten months in Honolulu and upon leaving 
there went direct to Arizona. He first located at 
Winslow and practiced law there for about a year, 
then moved to Globe, in Gila County, where he 
was located for several years. He maintained a 
general practice there for about three years and 
in 1898 was elected District Attorney of the county. 
He was twice re-elected and served about five 
years in all, but resigned be- 
fore the completion of his 
third term in order to re- 
sume his private practice. 
He specialized in mining and 
corporation work and was 
one of the most active men 
of his profession as long as 
he continued there. In 1911, 
however, Mr. Stoneman de- 
cided to change his residence 
to Phoenix, the State Capi- 
tal, and opened offices in 
that city, where he has re- 
mained down to date. 

Since locating in Arizona 
Mr. Stoneman, who is a Dem- 
ocrat in his political affilia- 
tions, has become one of the 
leading men in the legal fra- 
ternity and also has been ac- 
tive in the affairs of State. 
In 1909 he was chosen a 
member of the Arizona Rail- 
road Commission and served 
until the Territory was ad- 
mitted to Statehood. Al- 
though the power of the com- 
mission, during the territor- 
ial regime, was more or less negative, it succeeded, 
during Mr. Stoneman's term in office, in bringing 
about various reforms, the most important being 
a material reduction in freight rates. 

In 1907 Mr. Stoneman was chosen a member of 
the Board of Law Examiners and holds this posi- 
tion at the present time (1912). He also served 
as president of the Arizona Bar Association dur- 
ing the year 1910. 

Mr. Stoneman, during his residence in Phoenix, 
has been in partnership with Reese Ling, Demo- 
cratic National Committeeman from Arizona, under 
the firm name of Stoneman and Ling, and together 
they have taken a prominent part in their party's 
affairs. He has served on various committees and 
in numerous conventions, and was a delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention at Denver, Colo- 
rado, in 1908. 

Mr. Stoneman is a member of the Society of 
the Cincinnati of Maryland, is a Mason, Shriner 
and member of the Knights Templar Commandery; 
Past Exalted Ruler of the Elks' lodge of Phoenix, 
and belongs to the Arizona Club and Phoenix 
Country Club. 


INDLEY, MILTON (deceased), 
Merchant and Banker, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in 
Guilford County, North Carolina, 
in the year 1820, the son of David 
Lindley and Mary (Hadley) Lind- 
ley- He married Mary A. Banta at Belleville, In- 
diana, in 1849, and to them there were born nine 
children, of whom six are living. They are Walter, 
a physician of Los Angeles; Hervey, a banker of 
Seattle; William, a physician 
at Albion, Idano; Albert, a j 
merchant of San Francisco; 
Arthur, a contractor of Impe- 
rial, California; Ida B., who 
makes the home for Madam 
Lindley in Los Angeles, and 
Bertha (Mrs. John E. Coffin) 
of Whittier. 

Mr. Lindley's paternal an- 
cestors were Scotch and 
English, while on the mater- 
nal side they were Quakers, 
of English and Irish extrac- 
tion. His father was a farm- 
er, who moved to Indiana 
when the boy was twelve 
years of age and there Mr. 
Lindley received his educa- 
tion, working on the farm 
until he reached his major- 
ity. He learned the harness 
and saddlery making busi- 
ness, and for twelve years 
was engaged in this vocation 
at Monrovia, Indiana. 

In 1850 Mr. Lindley took 
up general merchandising at 
Monrovia, but after four 

years, on account of impaired health, he moved 
to Hendricks County, Indiana, and there went in 
for farming and outdoor life, returning later to the 
merchandise business. He remained there for 
twelve years, with the exception of a short absence 
when he was sent East by capitalists of his section 
to study the new national banking system. 

Upon his return to Indiana Mr. Lindley aided 
in the organization of the First National Bank of 
Danville, Indiana, remaining with that institution 
until 1866, when he moved to Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota. He was in the real estate business there 
for nine years, or until 1875, when he moved to 
Los Angeles, having spent two winters in the lat- 
ter place on account of his health. 

Mr. Lindley purchased forty acres of land ad- 
joining the western limits of the city and made 
his home there until 1882, when he sold the prop- 
erty. During his ownership he devoted the land 
to fruit culture, but in recent years it has been 
transformed into what is called Ellendale Place, 


one of the handsome residence sections of Los 

Early in his residence in Los Angeles County 
Mr. Lindley, a staunch supporter of the Republi- 
can party, became a factor in politics. In 1879 he 
was elected county treasurer of Los Angeles Coun- 
ty and served for three years, holding over one 
year on account of a change in the State Constitu- 
tion relative to county officers. In 1884 he was 
elected a member of the County Board of Super- 
visors, serving during the 
years 1885 and 1886. This 
was the last political po- 
sition he held, but he never 
ceased to take an active in- 
terest in the affairs of the 
Republican party and was 
one of its advisers up to 
within a few years of his 
death in 1894. 

Mr. Lindley is remem- 
bered as one of the men who 
took a prominent part in the 
upbuilding of Los Angeles, 
which was only a town of a 
few thousand inhabitants 
when he first landed there. 
He was an enthusiastic be- 
liever in the future of the 
city 'and did all in his power 
to advance its interests. He 
was an extremely active op- 
erator in real estate and was 
one of those pioneers who 
aided in making the city 
what it is today. 

While a careful business 
man, he was also noted for 
his generosity and gave lib- 
erally to various church, charitable and educational 
enterprises, in addition to lending a helping hand 
to young men in business. He was a man of great 
principle and public spirit and, besides the part 
he took in the actual business development of the 
city, figured on frequent occasions in purely civic 
movements, intended for the general upbuilding 
of the section. 

Mr. Lindley's example has been ably followed by 
his sons, who today are among the leading business 
and professional men of the West. They are doing 
their share in carrying to completion the work be- 
gun by their father and other substantial men of 
his day. 

He died at his home in Los Angeles May 11, 
1895, aged 75 years. 

Mr. Lindley's widow still lives in Los Angeles, 
making her home with her daughter. Although 83 
years old, she is in excellent health and in posses- 
sion of all her faculties, and universally beloved by 
the many who know her. 



cian and Surgeon, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in 
Monrovia, Indiana, January 
13, 1852. His father was Mil- 
ton Lindley, distinguished in the history of 
Los Angeles, and his mother, Mary Eliza- 
beth (Banta) Lindley. He is of Quaker 
stock. His father 
was for several years 
Treasurer of Los An- 
geles County and at his 
death was a member of 
the Board of Supervisors 
of the County. On his 
mother's side his ances- 
tors fought in the Revolu- 
tionary, Indian, Mexican 
and Civil Wars, four of 
his mother's brothers be- 
ing United States officers 
in the latter. 

He is a graduate of 
Minneapolis High School, 
Keen's School of Anat- 
omy, Philadelphia; 'Long 
Island College Hospital, 
Brooklyn, New York, 
leaving the latter in 1875. 
After graduation he went 
to Los Angeles to prac- 
tice medicine and since 
that time has been one of the greatest con- 
structive factors in the modernizing of that 

As Health Officer of Los Angeles, mem- 
ber of the Board of Education and Superin- 
tendent of the County Hospital of Los An- 
geles in the days when the city was emerg- 
ing from tht conditions of a Mexican pueblo, 
Dr. Lindley did much for the future of the 

Dr. Lindley was one of the founders of 
the Los Angeles Orphans' Home, the Los 
Angeles Humane Society and the College of 
Medicine of the University of Southern Cal- 
ifornia, the latter one of the foremost insti- 
tutions of the kind in the United States. He 
also founded the Whittier State School of 
California, a reformatory institution for the 
youth of both sexes, which has been of in- 
estimable penologic and educative value. He 
is President of the Board of Trustees. 


His greatest work, however, is the Cali- 
fornia Hospital, undoubtedly one of the fin- 
est private hospitals in the world. He 
founded the institution and is Secretary and 
Medical Director. Following the founding 
of the hospital, he organized the College 
Training School for Nurses, the first 
of its kind established in Southern Cal- 

He is President of 
the California State 
Board of Medical Exami- 
ners, ex-President of the 
State Medical Society, 
former Vice Presi- 
dent of the National 
Conference on Charities 
and Correction, and was 
appointed by President 
Grover Cleveland a s 
Pacific Coast Delegate 
to the great Inter- 
national Prison Congress 
held in Paris in the 
year 1895. He was given 
the degree of LL. D. 
by St. Vincent's Col- 

He is a director of the 
Farmers and Merchants' 
Bank of Los Angeles, 
and holds a position 
of solid financial integrity. As a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and 
Chairman of the Committee on Publications 
and Statistics he is doing much toward the 
advancement of Southern California. His 
learned and facile pen has found valuable 
employment in the Southern California Prac- 
titioner, a publication which he created a 
quarter of a century ago and which is now 
the recognized medical journal of the State. 
This magazine he still edits and publishes. 

His literary works include : "California of 
the South" (in third edition) ; "Shakespeare's 
Traducers: an Historical Sketch"; numerous 
papers and pamphlets on medical, social and 
climatological subjects. 

Dr. Lindley is a member of the Califor- 
nia, University and Union League Clubs, the 
Los Angeles Humane Society and the His- 
torical Society of Los Angeles. 



Lawyer, Los Angeles, Cal., was 
born at Boston, Mass., August 21, 
1852, the son of Thomas Gibson 
(killed in Battle of Bisland, La., 
April 13, 1863, in a Massachusetts 
regiment) and Mary (Berry) Gibson. Judge Gib- 
son has been twice wed, his first wife being Sarah 
Waterman, whom he married at Colton, Cal., June 
21, 1882, and who died in December, 1888. He mar- 
ried again July 18, 1894, at 
Los Angeles, Miss Gertrude 
Van Norman. By the first 
union there were two chil- 
dren, Mary and James A., 
Jr., and by the second two, 
Martha and Horace V. Gib- 

Judge Gibson received his 
primary education in the pub- 
lic schools of Massachusetts, 
where he made some prepara- 
tion for a course in mechani- 
cal engineering for Cornell 
University, but did not enter. 
Instead, he took up the study 
of law, and in 1874 removed 
from Cambridgeport, Mass., 
to Colton, Cal., where he 
continued his readings under 
William Gregory, formerly a 
member of the Philadelphia 
Bar. He completed his stud- 
ies in 1879, and on June 13 of 
that year was admitted to 
practice at San Bernardino, 
Cal., in the Eighteenth Judi- 
cial District. On June 28, 
1880, he was admitted to 
practice by the Superior Court, and April 19, 1882, 
before the State Supreme Court of California. At a 
later date he received recognition by the Federal 
Courts and the United States Supreme Court. 

Judge Gibson has practiced law continually with 
the exception of six years when he served in judi- 
cial positions. He was Superior Judge of San Ber- 
nardino County from January 1, 1885, to May 14, 
1889, and was a member of the Supreme Court Com- 
mission, predecessor of the Appellate Court, from 
the latter date until January 1, 1891, when he re- 
signed and located at San Diego. 

The career of Judge Gibson has been one of 
honor and accomplishment, and his exceptional tal- 
ents have marked him as one of the most thorough 
exponents of the law in the entire State. He has 
served in some of the most important litigations 
that have arisen in California during the thirty odd 
years of his practice, including corporation, water, 
mining, maritime and commercial actions. 

Judge Gibson has been associated always with 
men of reputation. At San Bernardino he was in 


partnership with Major H. S. Gregory, General J. D. 
Boyer and the Hon. Byron Waters ; at San Diego he 
was in association with John D. Works, present U. 
S. Senator, and H. L. Titus, under the title of 
Works, Gibson & Titus. This alliance continued 
from January, 1891, until 1892, when Judge Works, 
who had but previously finished a term as Justice of 
the Supreme Court, opened offices with his son. 
Judge Gibson and Mr. Titus remained together until 
1897, when the former moved to Los Angeles, where 
he became associated with 
the late Hon. J. D. Bicknell 
and the late W. J. Trask, as 
Bicknell, Gibson & Trask, 
later merging with Messrs. 
Dunn & Crutcher under the 
firm name of Bicknell, Gib- 
son, Trask, Dunn & Crutcher. 
On the withdrawal of Judge 
Bicknell, several years ago, 
Judge Gibson became senior 
member of the firm, which 
since the death of Mr. Trask 
has been known as Gibson, 
Dunn & Crutcher. 

Judge Gibson has held nu- 
merous positions of honor in 
his profession. He was at 
one time president of the 
Los Angeles Bar Association 
and vice president of the 
American Bar Association. 
He was recently a member 
of the General Council of the 
latter organization, and is 
chairman of the Section on 
Constitutional Amendments 
of the California Bar Asso- 
ciation and is also a member 
'of the Board of Trustees of the L. A. County Law 
Library Assn.; he ranks high in the councils of the 
NjjX. Geographical Society and the Archaeological 
Society of America, Southwest Chapter. Despite 
professional activity, Judge Gibson has found time 
to aid in military and civic affairs, and was one of 
the organizers and builders of the famous Bear 
Valley Dam at San Bernardino. This, the first great 
dam and reservoir built in the West for irrigation 
purposes, was put up by the Bear Valley Land and 
Water Co., the predecessors of the present Bear 
Valley Mutual Water Co., and pointed the way for 
tremendous development in the Southwest. He is 
also interested in other large development projects. 

Judge Gibson, in the eighties, served as Major 
and Assistant Adjutant General of the First Bri- 
gade, N. G. C., and Engineer Officer of the same. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason, a Mystic 
Shriner and an Elk and holds memberships in the 
California Club, Union League Club, Jonathan Club 
and the Gamut Club, of Los Angeles, and the Uni- 
versity Club of Redlands. 



has been twice 

torney at Law, Fresno, California, 
was born in Shelby County, Mis- 
souri, September 12, 1862, the son 
of Joshua Hamilton Bell Short 
and Emily (Wharton) Short. He 
married, his second wife being 

Nellie Curtis, whom he married at Los Angeles, 
California, March 7, 1897. He has a son, Frank H. 
Short, Jr., by his former marriage. Judge Short is 
descended of a family noted 
in the literary and legal his- 
tory of the country, its vari- 
ous branches having settled 
in Delaware, Pennsylvania 
and other States. Mrs. Short 
is related to several of the 
most prominent families in 
Southern California. 

Judge Short attended the 
public schools of Missouri 
and Nebraska, in which State 
he resided from 1872 to 1881, 
and upon moving to Califor- 
nia in the latter year attend- 
ed private institutions. For 
four months prior to moving 
to the Pacific Coast Judge 
Short had been a school 
teacher and for about eight 
months, at a later date, he 
taught in Fresno. About this 
time he took up the study of 

In 1882, at twenty-two 
years of age, Judge Short 
was elected Justice of the 
Peace in Fresno and the fol- 
lowing year was admitted to 
the practice of law in the 
State courts of California. He 
was admitted to practice be- 
fore the Supreme Court of the 
United States in 1901. 

From the age of 25 to 35 
years, Judge Short had a suc- 
cessful general practice in Fresno, and appeared in 
numerous criminal cases, among the most impor- 
tant being "People vs. Richard Heath," "People vs. 
J. D. Smith," "People vs. Saunders" and others. He 
also took part in a large number of civil actions 
and for many years past has been one of the lead- 
ing counsel in irrigation, light, power and other 
corporation actions 

Judge Short was retained as special counsel for 
the State in the "Fresno Rates Case," also the "Oil 
Rates Case," two litigations which had an impor- 
tant bearing upon the commercial development of 
California. He also represented the oil operators 
of California in the "Scrippers Case," going before 
the Interior Department, also the various Federal 
courts, including the United States Supreme Court, 
and finally won a victory for hrs clients, the case 
having involved title to a large percentage of the 
oil-bearing lands in California. 

Judge Short also represented the oil producers 
of the State when he appeared before Congress in 

1910 as Chairman of the California Oil Men's Dele- 
gation and his work in this capacity resulted in the 
passage of the "Oil Relief Bill," a remedial act of 

1911 permitting the issuance of patents to corpora- 
tions and other assignees of oil land locators. 

He has also had a prominent part in water litiga- 


tion for the Fresno Canal Company and other large 
concerns, including the Miller & Lux Company. 
He has represented various other irrigation and 
electric power corporations in court and before 

Since 1900 Judge Short has opposed the extreme 
conservation ideas of Theodore Roosevelt, Gifford 
Pinchot and others and has appeared before Con- 
gress and in public debate in support of his con- 
tentions. He represented his clients before Con- 
gress on questions involving 
Federal control and the uses 
of the public land and ap- 
peared in debate before vari- 
ous public gatherings, includ- 
ing the Irrigation Congresses 
and the Conservation Con- 
gress of 1910. He met Theo- 
dore Roosevelt, former Presi- 
dent of the United States, in 
debate before the Common- 
wealth Club of San Francisco 
in 1911. In all of his public 
debates and addresses, Judge 
Short has advocated that pro- 
cedure along the lines of 
Constitutional principles and 
settled legal rights is not 
only required, but more bene- 
ficial than departures along 
inconsistent lines, especially 
objecting to all attempts to 
assert Federal authority in 
purely State matters. His" 
published writings also have 
been along these lines. 

Judge Short has been a 
consistent and active sup- 
porter of the Republican par- 
ty, and during his residence 
in California has been one 
of the most substantial work- 
ers for it. 

From 1888 down to the 
present time he has been a 
delegate or an officer of 

nearly every State Convention of his party and on 
frequent occasions has been a delegate to the Na- 
tional Conventions. He was sent to St. Louis in 
1896, when William McKinley was nominated for 
the Presidency, and to Chicago in 1904, when The- 
odore Roosevelt received the nomination. He 
has also been honored in other ways by his 
party, among which was his attendance at the 
White House Conference of Governors in 1908. In 
addition, he has taken part in the work of the Na- 
tional Geographical Society, the National Civic Fed- 
eration and various commercial organizations. He 
was Commissioner of Yosemite Park from 1898 
until 1906 and Trustee of the San Jose Normal 
School for four years. 

Judge Short is interested in several important 
industrial companies in California, being a director, 
officer or attorney for them. He is Vice President 
and Director of the Fresno Canal & Irrigation 
Company, also of the Consolidated Canal Company. 
He is a Director of the Fresno National Bank, the 
Fresno Hotel Company and of numerous oil and 
canal companies. 

His clubs are the Sequoia and Fresno Country 
Club of Fresno; Pacific Union, Bohemian and Union 
League of San Francisco. He is also a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. 





President and General Manager, 
Southern Pacific Railroad of Mex- 
ico and of the Arizona Eastern 
Railroad, Tucson, Arizona, was 
born at Vienna, Virginia, a sub- 
urb of Washington, D. C., March 15, 1867. He is 
the son of the late Major Orrin Eugene Hine (1836- 
1899), who served during the Civil War as Major 
of the Fiftieth New York Volunteer Engineers, and 
of Alma (DeLano) Hine, born 1843. 

Major Hine, who is one of the best-known rail 
way executives in America, also one of the young- 
est, spent his boyhood on a farm and was grad- 
uated from the high school of Washington, D. C., 
in the class of 1885. He was in the employ of a 
contractor for some time after leaving school and 
then, in a competitive examination at Alexandria, 
Virginia, won a cadetship at the United States 
Military Academy, West Point, New York. He was 
graduated in the class of 1891, standing in the mid- 
dle of his class, but being first in tactics and in 
discipline. He took up law in the Cincinnati Law 
School, was graduated in 1893 and admitted to the 
bar while serving as Lieutenant in the United 
States army. 

With these various accomplishments, Major 
Hine resigned his commission in the army two 
years later, after having acted both as cadet and 
as officer, as inspector-instructor at various en- 
campments of State militia, and took a position as 
a freight brakeman on the Big Four Route. This 
was his entry into the railroad business, in which 
he has continued ever since. He remained with 
his first company four years in various capacities, 
including that of Trainmaster of the Cincinnati- 
Indianapolis subdivision. 

Since he first engaged in railroading in 1895, 
Major Hine has worked for various railroads and 
corporations and has held positions in many 
branches of the service, including brakeman, 
switchman, yardmaster, emergency conductor, 
chief clerk, trainmaster, assistant superintendent, 
right-of-way agent, general superintendent and vice 
president and general manager. In addition, he has 
held various unique staff positions while doing spe- 
cial staff work of different kinds and in 1907-1908 
was Federal Court Receiver for the Washington, 
Arlington and Falls Church (electric) Railway. 

Major Hine has long been recognized as an ex- 
pert in matters of discipline and corporate organ- 
ization and in July, 1908, was chosen by Julius 
Kruttschnitt as organization expert of the Union 
Pacific System Southern Pacific Company (Harri- 
man Lines). This work held him until December, 
1911, and in that time he originated and installed 
on these lines a unit system of organization, known 
in the railroad world as the "Hine System." 

Upon the completion of this task, Major Hine 
was elected to the offices he now holds in the 
Southern Pacific System and since January, 1912, 

has made his headquarters at Tucson, Arizona. 
There he is in close association with Colonel Epes 
Randolph, President of these lines, and engaged in 
extensive railroad development work in Arizona 
and Old Mexico. 

Major Hine has made special expert reports 
on numerous small railways and several larger 
ones, these latter including the Chicago and Alton; 
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific; St. Louis and 
San Francisco; Chicago, Burlington and Quincy; 
Erie; Inter-Colonial of Canada; Prince Edward 
Island; Delaware, Lackawana and Hudson; Georgia 
and Florida, and the National Railways of Mexico. 
In 1907, while with Gunn, Richards and Com- 
pany, Major Hine assisted in the revision of busi- 
ness methods of the Department of the Interior 
at Washington, and in 1910, as temporary special 
representative of President Taft, outlined a pro- 
gram for improving the organization and methods 
of all departments of the United States Govern- 
ment, a work which played an important part in 
making the administration more economical in the 
latter half of President Taft's term. 

In addition to his railroad and other expert 
work, Major Hine has been a farmer and real 
estate dealer in Virginia, and a magazine and edi- 
torial writer on special subjects. He is the author 
of "Letters From an Old Railway Official to His 
Son." These books appeared weekly in the "Rail- 
way Age Gazette," the first series in 1904 and the 
second series in 1911. "Modern Organization," 
from his pen, appeared serially in "The Engineer- 
ing Magazine" in 1912. 

Since becoming associated with the Southern 
Pacific interests Major Hine has spent a great deal 
of time in handling the details of management of 
the company's property in Mexico, and during the 
Orozco rebellion faced danger on several occasions 
in the performance of his duties. 

Major Hine, despite the fact that he had re- 
signed from the army, after holding his commission 
four years, has always taken a keen interest in 
military affairs and during the Spanish-American 
war served as Major of United States Volunteers. 
He served all through the war and was' in the siege 
of Santiago de Cuba, the fall of which place marked 
the close of hostilities. He returned to civil life 
at the conclusion of the war and two years later 
(1900) was Inspector of Safety Appliances for the 
Interstate Commerce Commission. 

The Major occupies a unique position in rail- 
road and industrial circles because of his numerous 
innovations, and is considered today one of the 
greatest business experts and efficiency engineers 
in the United States. He is opposed to red tape 
and to ultra-specialization, and believes in devel- 
oping old-fashioned, ail-around men, of which he is 
a type. He is a bacnelor and makes his home at 
the Old Pueblo Club in Tucson. His other clubs 
are the Army and Navy of Washington and of New 
York, and the American Club in the City of Mexico. 

States Senator from Arizona, of 
Prescott, Arizona, was born in 
Winnemucca, Nevada, Sept. 13, 
1874, the son of William H. Ash- 
urst and Sarah (Bogard) Ashurst. 
The Senator married Elizabeth L. Reuoe, of Flag- 
staff, Arizona, in March, 1904. 

He was taken to Arizona by his parents a year 
after his birth and he has lived there continually 
since. He received his early 
education in the public 
schools of Flagstaff, Arizona, 
but left school when he was 
fifteen years of age to be- 
come a cowboy. He "rode 
the range" for four years, 
and at the age of nineteen 
was appointed Deputy Sher- 
iff of Coconino County. He 
served with credit in this 
office for several months, 
then became a workman and 
lumberjack in the mills of 
the Arizona Lumber Com- 
pany at Flagstaff. 

In 1895 he began the 
study of law and the follow- 
ing year was elected to the 
Territorial Legislature from 
Coconino County. He was 
re-elected in 1898 and in 1899 
was chosen by his colleagues 
as Speaker of the House. He 
proved an excellent presid- 
ing officer. He was admitted 
to practice law by the Su- 
preme Court of Arizona in 
1897 and has been one 

of the leading attorneys of the State ever 
since, having been licensed to practice before 
the Supreme Court of the United States in 1908. 
He was elected from Coconino County to the 
Territorial Council or Senate of Arizona, in 1902, 
and, although a seasoned lawyer, entered the 
law department of the University of Michigan in 
1903, and there took special lectures in Law and 
Political Economy. 

He was elected District Attorney of Coconino 
County in 1904 and re-elected two years later. Both 
his terms in this office were characterized by an 
ability of high order and by an unremitting zealous- 
ness in the guardianship of the public interests. 
After leaving the District Attorney's office he de- 
voted himself to his private practice and during 
that time figured as attorney in various important 
litigations. He was an ardent advocate of Arizona's 
claims to Statehood, however, and campaigned for 
the progressive Constitution under which Statehood 
was granted. On October 24, 1911, he was nomi- 
nated at the direct primary of the Democratic party 


for the United States Senate and at the first State 
election, held December 12, 1911, was elected. On 
March 26, 1912, he received the unanimous vote of 
the Arizona Legislature and on the following day 
was formally declared elected. He took his seat 
April 2, 1912, and in the drawing of lots received 
the long term, which will expire March 3, 1917. 

A Democrat in politics, a careful student of 
events and a man of extraordinary physical and 
mental courage, Senator Ashurst, for many years 
has been a battler for the 
progressive public policies, 
which today have come to be 
recognized as safeguards of 
the national life. Among the 
principles urged by him are 
the initiative, referendum 
and recall ; election of United 
States Senators by direct 
vote of the people; nomina- 
tion of all public officers by 
direct primary; parcels post, 
and the right of the State to 
engage in industrial enter- 

During his entire career 
he has incessantly labored 
for the advancement of meas- 
ures tending toward the de- 
velopment of Arizona and its 
vast store of valuable re- 
sources, with especial atten- 
tion toward securing laws 
setting apart lands for up- 
building Arizona's Public 
School System, and he has 
long been a veritable crusa- 
der in behalf of laws that 
will bring industrial liberty 

for the working classes. Senator Ashurst believes 
in developing the citizen first, property next. 

The election of the Senator to the office 
which he now fills was the most sensational politi- 
cal triumph in the history of Arizona. 

Senator Ashurst had no political machine or 
powerful influence back of him, while opposed 
to him was all the power which special in- 
terests could array. But his previous record in 
office had won for him tremendous popularity, and 
this combined with his extraordinary ability as an 
orator, carried him to victory- 

As a public speaker Senator Ashurst has ac- 
quired a broad reputation. He ranks with the 
most powerful orators of the country and this ex- 
ceptional ability won for him a large number of 
votes from persons aligned with other parties. 

Since taking his seat in the Senate, he has con- 
tinued his fight for progressive legislation and as 
a member of various important committees, has 
been very effective. He was a prominent figure in 
the campaign of 1912 in behalf of Woodrow Wilson. 


cal Engineer, Los Angeles, Cal., 
was born at Saulsbury, Mass., 
June 17, 1859, the son of Reuben 
Poole and Mary Agnes (Gorace) 
Poole. His father was a Mechani- 
cal Engineer, of Yorkshire, England. 

His family having moved to San Francisco when 
he was about ten years of age, he spent a large 
part of his life there. He attended the public 
schools there and later took 
special studies in higher 
mathematics. In 1875 he 
took up practical mechanics 
and mining work, and from 
1879 to 1883 led an extreme- 
ly active career in mining 
and engineering. For a time 
he became the owner and 
captain of a steamboat in the 
Northwest, plying the waters 
of Elliott Bay and Lake Wash- 
ington. Selling this in 1883, 
he became Master Mechanic 
for the Oregon Improvement 
Co., owners of the Franklyn 
coal mines, near Seattle, and 
was in complete charge of 
all machinery and engineer- 
ing work for the company. 
Mr. Poole held this post for 
about four years and during 
this time made a special 
study of electrical engineer- 
ing realizing the possibilities 
in that field of industrial de- 

In 1887, Mr. Poole went to 
San Francisco, then the cen- 
ter of electrical activity on the Pacific Coast, and 
there entered the employ of the California Electric 
Light Co. He remained in the dynamo department 
two years, part of the time as foreman, and at the 
end of that time was made foreman of the repair 
department. In 1891 he was made Superintendent 
of Station B, at that time the largest steam driven 
plant on the Pacific Coast. His work in this place 
brought him appointment, in 1895, as General Su- 
perintendent of the Company and he held that 
office for about a year, when his company, with 
other electric light interests, was taken over by 
the Edison Light & Power Company. Following 
the consolidation, Mr. Poole was retained as Gen- 
eral Superintendent and for the next four years 
had the management of the entire electric light 
and power business of San Francisco, exclusive of 
its electric railways. 

On February 1, 1900, Mr. Poole resigned his 
position to become General Superintendent of the 
Standard Electric Company of California, taking 
entire charge of its construction and operating de- 


partments. While in this position Mr. Poole origin- 
ated and carried to conclusion some of the most 
important works of his career, especially in the 
field of long distance high tension power. Under 
his supervision the Standard built its great power 
plant at Electra, Cal., with capacity of 15,000 H. P. 
In addition to this work Mr. Poole was inter- 
ested in the United Gas & Electric Co., which ac- 
quired all the electric and gas industries of San 
Jose, Cal., thus completing a chain of plants circling 
the Bay of San Francisco for 
a distance of 100 miles. Much 
of the business of this com- 
pany was under the direction 
of Mr. Poole as Manager and 
Supervising Engineer. 

In 1903, Mr. Poole became 
associated with the Hendrie 
& Bolthoff Manufacturing & 
Supply Company, as Western 
Engineer for the Stanley 
Electric Manufacturing Com- 
pany, and also was Consult- 
ing Engineer for the Nevada 
Power, Mining & Milling 
Company, which installed a 
100-mile transmission system 
from Bishop, California, to 
Goldfield, Nev. In 1906, he 
accepted the position of 
Asst. Gen. Mgr. and Engi- 
neer for the Nevada Califor- 
nia Power Co., with head- 
quarters at Goldfield. He 
directed the extension of the 
company's system over the 
greater part of Southwestern 
Nevada, the line playing 
an important part in the 

development of the mining interests of the section. 
In January, 1910, Mr. Poole formed a partner- 
ship with R. G. Manifold, as Manifold & Poole, Con- 
sulting Engineers. They retained the Nevada Min- 
ing & Milling Co. as one of their clients and in ad- 
dition have designed and constructed numerous im- 
portant hydro-electric plants in California and Ne 
vada. They are Engineers for the Nevada-California 
Power Co., Sierras Construction Co., Southern Sier- 
ras Power Co., Hydro-Electric Power Co., Pacific 
Power Co., and several others. Mr. Poole and his 
partner designed and supervised construction of the 
longest high voltage transmission system in the 
world, from Bishop, Cal., to San Bernerdino, Cal. It 
is 237 miles long, designed for 150,000 volts. They al- 
so supervised construction of a 10,000-kilowatt tur- 
bine plant for use in connection with this system. 
Mr. Poole has been a prolific writer and lecturer 
on technical matters. He was a charter member, 
and officer for many years of the California Elec- 
trical Society and is a member of the American 
Institute of Electrical Engineers. 



UNT, SUMNER P., Architect, 
Los Angeles, California, was 
born May 8, 1865, in Brook- 
lyn, New York; his parents 
were Stephen P. Hunt and 
Harriet (Conkling) Hunt. 
Mr. Hunt was married on January 21, 
1892, to Miss Mary Hancock Chapman and 
a daughter was born to them, Louise Hunt. 

He was educated in 
private schools up to the 
age of fourteen years, 
when the profession 01 
architecture having been 
selected by him, he stud- 
ied that art in the office 
of Clarence B. Cutler 01 
Troy, New York. Mr. 
Hunt worked in the of- 
fice of Mr. Cutler in Troy 
from 1879 until 1887, and 
in the office of Mr. Cut- 
ler in New York until 
1889, in which year he 
removed to Los Angeles. 

On arriving in Los 
Angeles Mr. Hunt was 
employed in the firm 01 
Calkins & Haas in that 
city from 1889 to 1892; 
by that time his person- 
ality had been recognized 
to such an extent in the 
class of designs he had 
been turning out that he 
felt empowered to enter 
business for himself, and 
so occupied himself, with a high degree of 
success, until 1895, when, with Theodore A. 
Eisen, he formed a partnership under the 
firm name of Eisen & Hunt, which con- 
tinued until 1899. 

In 1899 he went into partnership with A. 
W. Eager, under the title of Hunt & Eager, 
which extended until 1908, when the firm 
was altered to read Hunt, Eager & Burns, 
and in 1910 Mr. Eager retired and the firm 
has since been termed Hunt & Burns. 

Owing to his long residence in Los 
Angeles, and his arriving there properly 
equipped, technically and artistically, it is 
within bounds to say that probably no one 
architect has had a greater domination over 
the creation of a type of elegance and of ap- 
propriateness and residences and club houses 
than that established by Sumner P. Hunt. 

A vast number of those who have resided 
in Los Angeles for any great length of time, 


and who have erected houses notable for 
beauty, have employed Mr. Hunt to prepare 
the plans and execute the work. 

In such varying examples of architectural 
arts as the notable home of the Los Angeles 
Country Club, the most complete edifice ol 
the kind in the country; the Annandale Coun- 
try Club and the Ebell Club House at Fig- 
tieroa and Eighteenth street, the effectiveness 
and impressiveness of Mr. 
Hunt's work can be stud- 
ied to advantage, when it 
will be seen how perma- 
nently he has marked his 
talent on the region 
where he has practised. 

Other examples of his 
capacity for adaptation ol 
plan to environment are 
the beautiful home of the 
Casa de Rosas, the pri- 
vate school building at 
Adams and Hoover 
streets; the home of Mr. 
J. F. Francis, at Ninth) 
and Bonnie Brae streets, 
the homes of Mr. W. G. 
Kerckhoff and Mrs. Ross 
Clark, on Adams street, 
the homes of Mr. William 
Lacy and Mr. H. W. 
O'Melveny, on Wilshire 
boulevard, and the resi- 
dence of Mr. T. L. Duque, 
at New Hampshire ana 
Seventh streets. And in 
another direction of art, 
besides the buildings earlier mentioned, the 
buildings of the Los Angeles play grounds 
show the happy versatility and comprehen- 
sion that have won for Mr. Hunt a most sat- 
isfactory degree of success and a recognition 
of his purely artistic capacity as well as the 
practical side of his profession. 

Mr. Hunt is one of the class of social up- 
lifters who believe in starting with the child 
as a working basis for future citizenship, and 
in laying out the playgrounds he has had in 
mind not only artistic effect, but plans for 
teaching the children how to play and at the 
same time to grow strong. 

Mr. Hunt has been elected a member of 
the local chapter of the American Institute 
of Architects; of the Engineers and Archi- 
tects' Association of Southern California; of 
the California Club; of the Los Angeles 
Country Club, the Crags Country Club and 
the Sunset Club. 




italist, Redlands, California, was 
born in Mercer County, Missouri, 
January 18, 1864, the son of 
James Holt and Nancy (Brant- 
ley) Holt. He married Fannie 
Jones at Gait, Missouri, August 16, 1885, and to 
them were born two daughters, Chloe and Catha- 
rine Holt. 

Mr. Holt, who was born on a farm, was a hard 
worker in his youth and the only schooling he re- 
ceived was a few months' attendance at the country 
schools each Winter. He remained on the farm 
until he was twenty-one years of age, when he 
decided to go into business for himself. 

His first venture, a general merchandise estab- 
lishment in a small Missouri town, proved unsuc- 
cessful financially, but in the five years he was thus 
engaged he acquired a valuable fund of knowledge 
as to business affairs and when he sold out his 
store was well equipped for subsequent efforts. He 
next went into the banking business in Missouri 
and conducted his bank for four years very suc- 
cessfully. He determined to leave Missouri, how- 
ever, and in 1892, after selling out his bank, went 
to Colorado, where he worked for a few years in 
the employ of a large manufacturing concern. 

Upon severing his connection with this house, 
Mr. Holt went to Southeastern Arizona and estab- 
lished banking houses at Safford and Globe. He 
became one of the leading business men in both 
of these places and during the four years he op- 
erated there was regarded as one of the most suc- 
cessful and enterprising men of the section. 

In 1900 he sold out his Arizona interests and 
moved to Redlands, California, where he began 
a career of development that has placed him among 
the wealthiest men of the section and fixed him 
as one of the most effective modern upbuilders who 
have ever operated in California or any other part 
of the West. He became interested in the famous 
Imperial Valley of California with his arrival at 
Redlands and immediately began the work of pla- 
cing it among the great producing sections of the 
country. Being possessed of considerable wealth, 
a wonderful business experience and unlimited en- 
ergy, he embarked in a work, which, at the end of 
twelve years, stands out sharply in the history of 
Western development. 

He has not confined his activities to banking, 
or any other single line of progress, but has en- 
gaged in a general career of upbuilding which in- 
cludes practically all phases of modern industry, 
both agricultural and manufacturing. He saw early 
the possibilities of the valley and the necessity 
for a railroad and undertook the building of the 
first line ever projected to that fertile section of 
California. He was really the first man to appre- 
ciate the value of Imperial Valley, but it was not 
long before the eyes of others were opened, and 
before he had his railroad completed the Southern 
Pacific Company made him an offer for it which 
he could not ignore and he sold the line. 

Assured that the railroad would be put through 
and the country opened up to settlement and de- 
velopment, Mr. Holt then turned his attention to 
other lines and there stand today, as monuments 
to his work, scores of prosperous enterprises begun 
by him. He organized five banks in the five prin- 
cipal towns of Imperial Valley and, with his pre- 
vious experience in this field, placed all of them 
upon a paying basis within a very short time. He 
also led in the organization of numerous business 
enterprises, including the organization of a tele- 

phone company and the construction of a telephone 
system throughout the valley. 

Mr. Holt, in due time, started several newspa- 
pers, which advertised to the world the advantages 
of the Imperial Vailey, and, as in all of his other 
ventures, took an active part in the management 
and direction of them. He established several 
dairies and built creameries, which are today sup- 
plying a large part of the dairy products consumed 
in Los Angeles and other parts of California, and, 
when the lands began to produce fruits and other 
crops in abundance, he built a number of packing 
houses. Here the products of the Valley are pre- 
pared for shipment to the outside world, canta- 
loupes being the chief of them. 

As the country grew in population Mr. Holt in- 
stalled other utilities, including the Holton Inter- 
urban Railway, which crosses the Valley. He also 
built electric lighting plants in the five leading 
towns of the section, and supplemented these with 
gas and power plants, so that the residents of 
Imperial Valley, living in a beautiful country, enjoy 
all the comforts of the modern city. He caused 
the installation of adequate water systems and also 
laid out and supervised the construction of a splen- 
did system of highways which make travel easy 
and pleasant and compare favorably with any road- 
ways in the country. 

Several years ago it will be remembered, the 
Colorado River broke its banks and cut a new chan- 
nel, and for two years or so poured its waters in 
the Salton Sink, ultimately forming what is now 
known as "Salton Sea," a great inland body of 
water approximately fifty miles long, fifteen miles 
wide and 100 feet deep at its central point. It was 
finally turned back into its channel by a wonder- 
ful piece of engineering work, done under the di- 
rection of Col. Epes Randolph of the Southern 
Pacific Railroad Company, and after more than a 
million dollars had been expended in vain efforts. 

This break came at a time when the vast work 
of reclamation and improvement in the Imperial 
Valley, headed by Mr. Holt, was gaining its great- 
est momentum and untold damage was done to the 
section. Only the ultimate checking of the river 
prevented the complete destruction of this valley, 
which is now one of the most remarkable sections 
in the United States, if not in the world, where 
the desert has been transformed into ranches, and 
thriving cities. Mr. Holt, perhaps, was the great- 
est loser in that disastrous period, but he did not 
reckon on his losses as much as ne did those of 
the settlers who had been attracted to the country, 
and he devoted himself tirelessly to rebuilding 
where the flood had wrought ruin. 

The break of the Colorado, together with the 
part played in its repair and the upbuilding of the 
Imperial Valley, was made the climactic feature 
of the remarkable story written by Harold Bell 
Wright, himself a resident of the Valley, under 
the title of "The Winning of Barbara Worth." In 
this work, Mr. Wright has painted a wonderful 
picture of the Imperial Valley and the most com- 
manding figure of the story, a banker named "Jef- 
ferson Worth," is generally supposed to have been 
drawn from the life of Mr. Holt. The author, in 
his foreword, dedicated the work to Mr. Holt in the 
following terms: 

"To my friend, Mr. W. F. Holt, In appreciation of his 
life and of his work Jn the Imperial Valley, this story is 

Those familiar with the career of Mr. Holt in 
the Imperial Valley recognize him in the charac- 
ter of "Jefferson Worth" at once, for in various 


places in the story the author has sketched his 
character with the utmost faithfulness. Early in 
the story he shows the kindly side of his charac- 
ter, when the banker adopts the infant Barbara, 
a waif of the desert, and as the story goes on, he 
shows in turn the man's genius for finance, his 
power as an organizer and his influence for the 
upbuilding of the country. 

Interwoven in the story of Barbara Worth is 
that of the winning of the desert and of a battle 
between two great financial powers, one headed 
by "Jefferson Worth," the other by an Easfern 
magnate, and the description of the first stages of 
the reclamation work is a fair statement of the 
idea in Mr. Holt's mind when he first went into 
Imperial Valley. The author says: 

"Lying within the lines of the ancient beach and 
thus below the level of the great river, were hundreds of 
thousands of acres equal in richness_ of soil to the famous 
delta lands of the Nile. The bringing of water from the 
river and its distribution through a system of canals and 
ditches, while a work of great magnitude requiring the 
expenditure of large sums of money, was, as an engineer 
ing problem, comparatively simple. 

"As Jefferson Worth gazed at the wonderful scene, 
a vision of the changes that were to come to that land 
passed before him. He saw first, following the nearly 
finished work of the engineers, an army of men beginning 
at the river and pushing out into the desert with their 
canals, bringing with them the life-giving water. Soon, 
with the coming of the water, would begin the coming 
of the settlers. Hummocks would be leveled, washes and 
arroyos filled, ditches would be made to the company's 
canals, and in place of the thin growth of gray-green 
desert vegetation with the ragged patches of dun earth 
would come great fields of luxuriant alfalfa, billowing 
acres of grain, with miles upon miles of orchards, vine- 
yards and groves. The fierce desert lire would give way 
to the herds and flocks and home life of the farmer. 
The railroad would stretch its steel strength into this 
new world ; towns and cities would come to be where 
now was only solitude and desolation ; and out from this 
world-old treasure house vast wealth would pour to 
enrich the peoples of the earth." 

These things have actually come to pass, and 
Mr. Holt was the chief factor in bringing them 

Closely following the above quoted passage, the 
author wrote a brief resume of the forces that had 
gone towards the conquering of the West prior to 
the advent of "Jefferson Worth," and also included 
a brief biography of the man which corresponds 
closely with that of Mr. Holt. Then follows a 
clearly drawn pen picture of the character of the 
subject, one part of which reads: 

"Business, to this man, as to many of his kind, was 
not the mean, sordid grasping and hoarding of money. It 
was his profession, but it was even more than a profession ; 
it was the expression of his genius. Still more it was. 
through him, the expression of the age in which ne 
lived, the expression of the master passion that in all 
ages had wrought in the making of the race." 

This, too, is a fair summary of the business 
motives of Mr. Holt, whose talents and resources 
have been used in the development of the vast 
country he aided in upbuilding after having worked 
his own way from the station of farmboy to that 
of financier. 

In the working out of Mr. Wright's story of the 
financing of the many commercial and industrial 
projects incident to the reclamation and upbuild- 
ing of the Imperial Valley the works of Mr. Holt 
are closely paralleled and the author paints in 
picturesque colors the dramatic part played by the 
banker during the trying period of inundation 
which seriously threatened to ruin all that had 
been accomplished. 

Needless to say, Mr. Holt is an extensive owner 
of real estate and agricultural lands in the Im- 
perial Valley, but he has conducted this end of 
his enterprises with as much regard for the gen- 
eral good and growth of the country as for his own 
profit. For instance, he built more than fifty brick 

business buildings in the various towns of the 
Valley and rented them at moderate rates in order 
to encourage the establishment of good business 
houses and thus add to the general improvement 
of conditions. 

This tells but briefly of the work done by Mr. 
Holt in behalf of the Imperial Valley, but serves 
to show the extent of his activities and the fact 
that he was the chief spirit in the building of this 
great section, installing all the improvements 
necessary to the development of a new country. 

The Imperial Valley, however, has not been the 
only place where he has built for progress, for in 
the Palo Verde and Coachella valleys he has also 
operated to a large extent. As in the case of the 
former, he has helped to give to these two last 
named sections the benefits of modern invention 
and is today one of the most active factors in the 
work of improving them. 

The development of Imperial Valley, however, 
and the successful operations of new business en- 
terprises he considers the principal part of his life 
work. Having begun life as a farmer, he is an 
expert on agricultural matters and has done a 
great deal to make the lands of his particular 
section produce crops in abundance. 

Mr. Holt's one object since locating in Cali- 
fornia has been to place its fertile valleys in a posi- 
tion where they will not only compare favorably 
with the agricultural sections of other parts of the 
world, but excel them. Development work has 
been almost a passion with him and he has had 
little time for interests other than those which 
fitted in with his general plans for improving the 
country and populating it. For this reason he has 
never taken much part in politics, and, although 
he could probably have any office within the gift 
of the people of his section, he has never sought 
nor held public position. 

Mr. Holt today ranks among the leading finan- 
ciers of Southern California and has been the 
organizer of numerous corporations which have 
proved successful. He is President of seven of 
these, an officer in various others and holds stock 
in scores of others. The corporations in which he 
holds the office of President include the Holton 
Power Company, the Holton Interurban Railway 
Company, Imperial Valley Gas Company, Coachella 
Valley Ice and Electric Company, Seeley Township 
Company and the Los Angeles Fire Insurance Com- 

In all of these enterprises Mr. Holt is the ex- 
ecutive force and he takes an active part in the 
affairs of each. Owing to his wide experience in 
various lines of business, he is exceptionally well 
qualified to handle the affairs of these companies 
and it is due, in great measure, to his ability as 
an organizer and business manager that they have 
proved successful. 

Although he has accomplished in a few years 
as much in the way of progress as many other 
men have in a lifetime of effort, Mr. Holt, who 
still is in the prime of life and possessed of won- 
derful vigor, has plans for further development 
work which will keep him in active business life 
for many years to come. Unlike many men of 
accomplishment, his chief characteristic is an ex- 
treme modesty, which has prevented his work from 
being generally known, although he enjoys a busi- 
ness standing equal to that of any man on the 
Pacific Coast. 

He is not a clubman as the term is generally 
used, but is a prominent figure in fraternal cir- 
cles, being a member of the Masons, Knights 
Templar and the Mystic Shrine. He also belongs 
to the Elks. 


Mining Engineer, Los Angeles and 
Oakland, California, was born in 
Helsingberg, Sweden, April 8, 
1862, the son of Andrew Anderson 
and Laura (Larson) Anderson. 
He is descended of a family which has long been 
prominent in church affairs in Sweden, his grand- 
father having been a Bishop and various other 
members having held office in the church- He 
married Marguerite A. Dick- 
inson at Deming, New Mex- 
ico, February 12, 1892. 

Mr. Anderson was 
brought to America by his 
parents when he was four 
years of age and his life has 
been characteristic of those 
Americans who have won 
their way to prominence in 
business and professional 
lines by their own personal 
effort. His family settled in 
the central part of Illinois 
and Mr. Anderson received a 
good common school educa- 
tion, graduating from the 
High School of Greenview, 
Menard County, Illinois, in 

Finishing his studies, Mr. 
Anderson went to Clarksville, 
Mo., where he entered the 
employ of a railroad com- 
pany. Later on he entered the 
construction branch of rail- 
roading and was thus en- 
gaged for nearly two years, 
working in Missouri, South- 
ern Iowa and New Mexico, 
when he became a freighter 
at Albuquerque, N. M. He 
followed this for some time, 
but was stricken with rheu- 
matism and went to the Hud- 


son Hot Springs in Grant County, New Mexico, in 
search of relief. 

This was in the days of stage coaches, when 
railroads were just beginning to penetrate the 
desert regions and Mr. Anderson worked as stable- 
man for the owners of the Hot Springs, who 
operated a line of stages. He remained at the 
Springs for about fifteen months, when, having re- 
gained his health sufficiently, he determined to go 
in search of gold. He began prospecting in New 
Mexico and wandered from there into Arizona arid 

Indians still were plentiful in those parts at the 
time and the gold-seekers had to be continually on 
their guard. Mr. Anderson, like the men of his 
day in that country, went armed and alert for any 
sign of danger. In 1888 he left off prospecting for 
a year and served as foreman of the Graphic Mine 
in Grant County, N. M., going into business for 
himself at the end of a twelvemonth. He owned 
and leased various mining properties and worked 
them with varied success from 1888 until 1892, and 
at that time was seized with a desire to locate in 
a more populous part of the country. 

It so happened that in 1892 the town of Velasco, 
Texas, was in the midst of a real estate boom, the 
promoters' promises including the building of a 

great harbor. Mr. Anderson went to investigate, 
but after studying the proposition decided that it 
was no place for permanent investment and left 
there for Butte, Montana, where he re-entered the 
mining business. He leased and developed several 
claims, working in the mines himself, until 1895, 
when he joined the rush to Cripple Creek, Colo. 

Mr. Anderson began as a contractor in Cripple 
Creek, but soon was made foreman of the Ithaca 
Gold Mining Company's properties, which he oper- 
ated until 1896, when he 
went to California for six 
months. Returning to Crip- 
ple Creek he mined for a 
short time, then returned 
to New Mexico, having ob- 
tained a lease and option on 
the Graphic Mine. 

In 1899, Mr. Anderson left 
New Mexico to go to Cali- 
fornia again, and there, after 
eight months as foreman of 
the Cleveland Gold Mine in 
Shasta County, he became 
foreman of the Bully Choop 
Mine in Trinity County. This 
he worked for eight months, 
then was made foreman of 
the Trinity Copper Mine in 
Shasta County. One year 
there and he was called back 
to the Bully Choop as Super- 
intendent. This he resigned 
to become Superintendent of 
the Sheep Ranch Gold Mine 
in Calaveras County, Cali- 
fornia, and after fifteen 
months there he embarked 
upon his career as a Mining 

Mr. Anderson started in 
1904 examination work which 
took him to all parts of the 
West. He examined many 
properties during the next 
succeeding nine months, at the end of that time be- 
ing made Superintendent of the Mammoth Copper 
Mining Company of Maine, a subsidiary company of 
the United States Smelting, Refining & Mining Com- 
pany, which had large holdings in Shasta County, 
California, and in 1906 he was made General Super- 
intendent of the mines owned by the United States 
Smelting, Refining & Mining Company, one of the 
largest and most substantial companies of its char- 
acter in the world. Later on he was made Field 
Engineer, having charge of all exploration work for 
the company, also holding the position of Consult- 
ing Engineer. 

In his present important office, Mr. Anderson is 
the advisory power on all the operating properties 
of the U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Company, 
including those mines in Peru, S. A.; Mexico, New- 
foundland, Utah, California, Oregon, Arizona and 
New Mexico. 

Starting in life as he did, Mr. Anderson is one 
of the men who may be justly placed among the 
list of "self-made men," for his is today one of the 
leading positions in the mining world. He is highly 
regarded among his fellows and is a member of the 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, Los Angeles 
Chamber of Mines and Oil, the Sierra Madre Club, 
and the Brotherhood of Elks. 





Editor, San Francisco and New 
York, was born in San Francisco, 
April 29, 18G3, the son of United 
States Senator George Hearst and 

Phoebe (Apperson) Hearst. His 

father had great intellectual powers and was a 
conspicuous figure in the early history of the West. 
His mother is a noted philanthropist and uplifter, 
having given vast sums to aid in the education of 
the poor. She has established numerous kindergar- 
tens and libraries in various parts of the West and 
at the present time occupies a place on the Board 
of Regents of the University of California, to which 
she gave a building costing approximately four mil- 
lion dollars. Mr. Hearst married Miss Millicent V. 
Willson in New York City, April 28, 1903. To them 
there have been born three children, George, Wil- 
liam Randolph, Jr., and John Randolph Hearst. 

Mr. Hearst received his elementary education in 
the public schools of his native city, and later at- 
tended Harvard University. 

Upon his return to San Francisco after comple- 
tion of his college career, Mr. Hearst was placed in 
control of the San Francisco "Examiner" by his 
father, who had himself up to that time (1886) con- 
ducted the paper as an organ for the people. This 
inherited policy Mr. Hearst has never changed; he 
has made it the guiding principle of all his subse- 
quent newspaper enterprises. 

After conducting the San Francisco "Examiner" 
for nine years with a large degree of success, add- 
ing to its prestige as a journal and its value as a 
property, Mr. Hearst's progressive spirit sought 
larger fields. Accordingly, he went to New York, 
in 1895, and purchased the old New York "Journal," 
later acquiring the New York "Advertiser," and 
consolidating the two, issuing morning and after- 
noon editions. 

The arrival of Mr. Hearst into New York not 
only changed the journalistic methods of the me- 
tropolis, but was the beginning of a new era in 
newspaper operation as a whole. Surrounding him- 
self with the best talent to be procured, Mr. Hearst 
projected his ideas and his personality into the field 
in such a manner that within a short time he was 
recognized as the embodiment of a new thought in 

His cardinal principles in the conduct of his 
papers have been the protection of the people, the 
correction of government evils, city, state and 
national, and the enactment of legislation in- 
tended for the betterment of the people as a 

In following out this policy, Mr. Hearst has been 
a potential influence in the establishment of pro- 
gressive reforms, which have purified politics and 
raised the general moral plane of life in various 

After fighting strenuously for five years in New 
York, with the "Journal" as a militant power for 
right, Mr. Hearst invaded Chicago, by establishing 
the Chicago "American," an afternoon paper. Two 
years later the Chicago "Examiner," a morning 
issue, was founded, and that same year the morn- 
ing edition of the New York "Journal" became 
known as "The New York American." Eight years 
ago (1903) he established the Los Angeles "Exami- 
ner," and a year later the "American" in Boston. 
He also owns the "Morgen Journal" (New York), 
the largest and most influential German daily in 
the United States, and several other weekly and 
monthly publications. 

All of Mr. Hearst's newspapers are maintained 

along the same general lines as those upon which 
he conducted his first publication. In their respec- 
tive fields they are relentless in their efforts for the 
eradication of corruption in politics* corporation 
oppression and other evils of local or national 

One of Mr. Hearst's large and most important 
institutions is the International News Service, origi- 
nally organized for gathering and distributing news, 
covering the especially big events of the world for 
his own publications. It is today one of the largest 
news agencies in the world and supplies, in addi- 
tion to his own, hundreds of other large news- 
papers. It has had a most important influence on 
the newspaper situation of the world. 

A fact worthy of mention is that Mr. Hearst is 
a thorough newspaper man. He knows the business 
in its every detail, from the mechanical to the edi- 
torial. He is the active director of his various 

Born a Democrat, Mr. Hearst has been a com- 
manding figure in the affairs of his party, nationally 
and otherwise. He has fathered many sound poli- 
cies for the guidance of the organization, and was 
at one time President of the National Association 
of Democratic Clubs. At times his ideas have not 
been in harmony with those of other leaders, and 
on such occasions he has voiced his sentiments edi- 
torially and in public speeches. It was such a situ- 
ation that led to the formation by Mr. Hearst, in 
February, 1906, of the Independence League, a 
movement the purpose of which, as avowed by dele- 
gates in convention at Albany, N. Y., was to over- 
throw boss rule and corporation control of the Gov- 
ernment. Its necessity was due to the lack of a di- 
rect nominations law, which prevented progressive 
Democrats and Republicans from exercising any 
voice in the selection of candidates or writing of 
platforms. The cardinal principles of the Indepen- 
dence League, as announced in its national 
platform, were direct nominations, direct election 
of Senators, income tax, initiative, referendum and 
recall, postal savings banks, parcels post, inland 
waterways development, conservation of natural 
resources, physical valuation of railroads, no injunc- 
tion without notice and hearing, and all contempt 
of court cases to be tried by a jury; opposition to 
child labor and the manufacture and sale of prison- 
made goods; revision of the tariff; all money to be 
issued by the Government, and "imprisonment of 
individuals criminally responsible for trusts, in- 
stead of merely fining the stockholders." 

The general acceptance of these doctrines today 
is apparent from their mere enumeration. 

Mr. Hearst served in the Fifty-eighth and Fifty- 
ninth Congresses, from the Eleventh District in 
New York, and during his service at Washington 
originated and carried to successful conclusion, 
oftentimes in the face of bitter opposition, various 
measures of reform. He introduced bills increas- 
ing the powers of the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission, and creating the Interstate Commerce 
Court, the principle of both of which bills has since 
been enacted into law; a bill to establish the Par- 
cels Post; a bill for the eight-hour day, and the 
payment of the prevailing rate of wages by all 
Federal contractors and sub-contractors; a bill to 
promote the construction of a national system of 
good roads; a bill to increase the salaries of the 
Justices of the Supreme Court; a bill to enlarge 
the domestic market for farm products and in- 
crease the industrial uses of denatured alcohol; a 
bill for the incorporation and regulation of all cor- 
porations engaged in interstate business under a 



national incorporation law, adequately protecting 
the public against watered stocks and bonds; a bill 
to enable the United States to acquire, maintain 
and operate electric telegraphs, paying therefor by 
the sale of bonds redeemable out of net earnings; 
a bill to authorize the acquisition by the United 
States of the entire capital stock and property of 
the Panama Railroad Company, and to provide for 
the maintenance, operation and development by the 
Government of the railroad and steamship proper- 
ties and lines so acquired; a bill constituting a 
rigid and adequate Federal Corrupt Practices Act; 
a bill making railroad rebating a criminal offense; 
and a bill amending the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, 
strengthening it as a criminal statute and making 
it apply to combinations and restraints of trade in 
and monopoly of products of labor. 

Mr. Hearst's battles in the interests of the peo- 
ple have been numerous and varied, but almost 
universally successful, and have been of national 
importance in virtually every instance. Following 
are some of the notable things he did: 

He frustrated the fuel gas franchise grab in 
New York, in 1896, worth $50,000,000 to its pro- 

He blocked the Ice Trust's plan to raise its price 
and started suits to dissolve the combine, in 1900, 
and forced the price down from 60 to 30 cents a 
hundred in three months. He fought successfully 
in Legislature against "dollar gas," and compelled 
an eighty-cent rate to be put in effect; similar, but 
shorter, gas fights were inaugurated by him bring- 
ing about reductions in Boston and Chicago. He 
brought about the conviction of the president and 
the payment of depositors in the wrecked Seventh 
National Bank of New York. He caused the elec- 
trization of the New York Central Railroad follow- 
ing a tunnel disaster costing forty lives. At the 
height of the first anthracite coal strike he pro- 
duced evidence showing combination between nine 
Pennsylvania railroads and fought the case with 
such vigor that the United States Government, 
under President Taft, brought and won an injunc- 
tion suit against railroads holding stock of the Tem- 
ple Iron Company, through which the combination 
was carried on, the case finally reaching the United 
States Supreme Court. The effect of this publicity 
ultimately led to rate reductions by various rail- 
roads and the radical amendment of the Interstate 
Commerce law. He started rebating suits against 
the New York Central, the Delaware, Lackawanna 
and Western and allied roads for rebating, which 
resulted in the roads' paying large fines to the 

Mr. Hearst was thanked by Attorney General 
Moody for his activity in the case against the Sugar 
Trust for rebating, which resulted in the combine's 
paying fines aggregating $250,000 and the ultimate 
exposure of its workings, which caused the corpora- 
tion to refund millions of dollars to the Govern- 
ment in unpaid duties. 

He conducted a fight for twenty-five years which 
resulted in San Francisco getting a municipal water 
supply and the ownership of street railways. He 
also produced the first evidence and led in the 
campaign against the Ruef-Schmitz graft ring in 
San Francisco, which sent Ruef to prison and freed 
the city from one of the most oDnoxious systems 
of corruption in the history of the United States. 
He also exposed the "120 per cent Miller" syndi- 
cate swindle. He caused the Southern Pacific and 
other railroads to rebuild their roads so as to safe- 
guard human life and directed scores of other fights 
in the various cities where his papers are pub- 
lished which saved the people millions of dollars 
and lightened their burdens in divers ways. 

In his various campaigns Mr. Hearst has been 
ever ready to espouse the cause of a worthy man 
or measure, as was indicated in his memorable 
fight for the adoption of the reciprocity treaty be- 
tween Canada and the United States. But, on the 
other hand he has never hesitated to criticise the 
unworthy actions of any public official, national or 

Mr. Hearst, in times of disaster in any part of 
the world, has been one of the leaders in the work 
of aiding the poor and alleviating suffering. In 
1906, when San Francisco was stricken by earth- 
quake and destroyed by fire, he sent the first relief 
train into the city, following this with several 
others, and, altogether, raised $250,000 for the re- 
lief of the sufferers. 

When news of the catastrophe was heard 
he immediately instructed all of his papers to 
spare no expense and to leave no stone unturned in 
an endeavor to secure all supplies in their respect- 
ive cities and ship at once to San Francisco. His 
instructions were to hire special trains or to attach 
cars to any available train in order to reach the 
stricken city at the earliest possible moment. From 
Los Angeles he sent one special passenger train 
containing provisions, doctors, nurses and medical 
supplies, and later sent a special from Chicago con- 
taining one hundred doctors and all available med- 
ical supplies. The steamer Roanoke sailed from 
Los Angeles, containing twenty-two carloads of pro- 
visions, four of which were contributed by Mr. 
Hearst. Trains, under his lease and orders, were 
made up in Chicago, New York and Boston, each 
containing numerous cars, filled by him with pro- 
visions and clothing. Almost every day one or 
more cars from the various headquarters estab- 
lished by Mr. Hearst throughout the country were 
sent forth containing supplies contributed by him. 
This was kept up day after day during the entire 
period of need. 

Five years previously, when Galveston was al- 
most swept out of existence by flood, Mr. Hearst 
performed similar services, sending one relief train 
from Chicago and one from New York, which rushed 
provisions, doctors and nurses to the scene of trou- 
ble. He also raised and sent $50,000 cash. 

At other times he contributed freely to the relief 
of starving thousands during famine periods in 
India and Cuba and to disaster victims in other 
parts of the world. To the earthquake sufferers in 
Italy he sent $35,000, composed of his own and 
other contributions made through the efforts of his 

By a vigorous editorial campaign and personal 
effort, Mr. Hearst was instrumental in securing re- 
forms in the cause of humanity in the Congo dis- 
trict, where the natives had been the objects of 
cruelty and oppression unequaled in any other 
country on the globe. 

Although he has lived in New York the greater 
part of the time in recent years, Mr. Hearst has 
lost none of the civic patriotism he felt for San 
Francisco, and when the matter of the Panama-Pa- 
cific Exposition was up in Congress, threw all his 
influence and the weight of his newspapers into 
the fight which the business men of the Bay City 
were making for the great fair. His work, with 
that of the others, finally won the honor for theii 

Among his clubs are the Pacific Union, of San 
Francisco; the Manhattan Club, Union Club, Na- 
tional Democratic Club, City Lunch Club, Press 
Club, National Yacht Club, New York Yacht Club 
and the Atlantic Yacht Club, of New York, and the 
Chicago Press Club. 



Counselor-at-Law (ex- Judge Supe- 
rior Court), Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, February 18, 1848, the 
son of Benjamin Franklin Cheney 
and Martha (Whitney) Cheney. In 1871, at New 
Haven, Connecticut, he married Anna E. Skinner 
of that city, and to them there was born a son, 
Harvey D. Cheney, now a practicing attorney in 
Los Angeles. Judge Cheney 
is descended of notable New 
England stock, the members 
of his family on both sides 
having been distinguished in 
the history of Massachusetts. 
Judge Cheney was edu- 
cated in public schools and 
private academies of Boston 
and was trained for the min- 
istry. He preached for a 
while after graduating, but 
soon discovered that was not 
his vocation and gave it up 
to study law. Judge Cheney's 
education was interrupted 
when he was eighteen years 
of age by failing health. He 
left school for a year and 
spent the time on a trading 

He made his first trip to 
California in the latter part 
of 1867, but after remaining 
about three years, returned 
to Boston. In 1875 he again 
went to California and has 
made his home there since. 
He first located in San 

Francisco, then settled in Plumas County and pros- 
ecuted his law studies. He was admitted to the 
bar shortly after his arrival and in 1877 was elected 
Judge of , Plumas County. He remained on the 
bench until the old Constitution was changed and 
the new district created, in 1880, and was then 
elected to the State Senate from the district Plu- 
mas, Butte and Lassen counties. He served in 
the Senate for three sessions and during that time 
was a member of the Judiciary Committee, having 
in charge the revision of the legal codes. He was 
at this time also in partnership with Creed Ham- 
mond of Sacramento. 

In 1882, before the expiration of his term as 
State Senator, Judge Cheney moved to Los An- 
geles and there took up the practice of his pro- 
fession. He also took an active part in politics 
and stumped the southern part of the State in 
behalf of the national Republican party. Shortly 
after his arrival in Los Angeles he was elected a 
member of the Board of Education and served for 
a year. He was at this time in partnership with 
Lieutenant Governor John Mansfield of California. 


In 1884 Judge Cheney was elected to the Su- 
perior Bench of Los Angeles County. He and 
Judge Anson Brunson were the only judges at that 
time and, incidentally, the only Republicans who 
had been elected to the Los Angeles County Bench 
up to that period. Judge Cheney had charge of 
the criminal department of the court and for six 
years administered justice in such manner that 
his name stands among the most honored in the 
history of California jurisprudence. 

In 1891 Judge Cheney re- 
tired from the bench to re- 
enter private practice and 
became associated with Cor- 
nelius Cronin. Shortly after- 
ward he was chosen Chief 
Counsel for the Los Angeles 
Gas and Electric Corporation 
and subsidiary companies, 
and has served down to date. 
Judge Cheney has been 
one of the staunchest sup- 
porters of the Republican 
party in the West for more 
than a quarter of a century, 
and, as one of the powerful 
orators in its ranks, has 
spoken in dozens of cam- 
paigns. He was a prominent 
figure in State, county and 
district conventions from his 
entry into politics until press 
of private business pre- 
vented longer an active po- 
litical life. 

He has a philosophy 
which he has put into prac- 
tice. It is that a man, to be 
a successful counselor to 

others, should "know everything about some 
things and something about every thing." He be- 
lieves that whatever intellectual power any man 
may have, whether small or great, it may double 
itself by rest acquired through a process of alterna- 
tion. Judge Cheney has exemplified this philosophy 
by turning his energies to other directions than those 
in which he temporarily wearied. He is, therefore, 
no stranger in the field of painting, sculpture and 
science. It is for this professional and philo- 
sophic reason and because he believes in getting 
as much out of life as life has for a man's mind, 
that his life, despite his public and semi-public ac- 
tivities, has been that of a student. He has 
devoted much time to the study and discussion of 
scientific subjects, including biology, philosophy 
and sociology. He has been a prolific writer on 
these and legal matters, one of his principal works 
being a brief in book form, entitled "Can We Be 
Sure of Mortality." 

Judge Cheney stands at the top of his profes- 
sion, is a member of the Los Angeles Bar Associa- 
tion and a Fellow of the Academy of Sciences. He 
also is lecturer on Constitutional Law at the Uni- 
versity of Southern California Law School. 

7 6 


TER, Banking, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, was born in Picton, Prince 
Edward County, Ontario, Sept. 
14, 1837, the son of George Mc- 
Cornick and Mary (Vance) Mc- 
Cornick. He married Hannah Keogh, at Austin, 
Nevada, in January, 1867, and to them there were 
born ten children: William (deceased), Emma W., 
Henry A., Harry (deceased), Clarence K., Willis S., 
Lewis B., Anna, Albert V., 
and Genevieve McCornick. 

Mr. McCornick's parents 
were farmers and he spent 
his early days in the trying 
duties that go with life on a 
farm. The rudiments of his 
education he obtained at 
the public schools of his na- 
tive town, but he added to it 
by his own efforts and taught 
himself many things that 
did not appear in the curri- 
culum of the school. He re- 
mained on the farm until he 
reached the voting age and 
then decided to go forth in 
the world. 

He pointed for the States 
and the Golden West, which 
seemed to offer the best op- 
portunities for fortune, and 
located at Marysville, Cal., 
where he first went to work 
as a rancher. After two 
years there he went, in 1862, 
to the mining regions of Ne- 
vada, the fame of the great 
Comstock lode having 
reached him. For the next eleven years he was en- 
gaged in lumber and mining pursuits in various 
parts of Nevada and at different times was located 
at Virginia City, Belmont, Austin and Hamilton. 

From Belmont, where he had rounded out a 
snug fortune, he went to Salt Lake City, arriving 
there in May, 1873, and within a month started the 
banking business of which he is the head today. 
The house was first known as White and McCor- 
nick and it continued as such until 1875, when the 
firm name was changed to McCornick & Company, 
with Mr. McCornick as sole owner. This house, 
probably the greatest of its kind in the inter- 
mountain country and surely one of the greatest 
factors in the growth of Salt Lake City.was a one- 
man proposition during the greater part of its days 
(the one man being Mr. McCornick), but in 1910 it 
was incorporated as a State Bank, and as such it 
is conducted today. 

From that first venture Mr. McCornick has be- 
come the largest individual banker in Salt Lake, 
and in addition to the great institution which bears 

his name, he has interests in numerous other 
banks, among them the Utah National, Utah Sav- 
ings Bank and Trust Company, Garfield Banking 
Company, Twin Falls Bank and Trust Company, in 
all of which he is president; First National of 
Nephi, of which he is vice president, and the First 
National of Logan, Utah; First National of Park 
City and First National of Prier City, Utah, in 
which he holds directorships. His early successes 
in the mining lands of Nevada gave Mr. McCornick 
an intimate knowledge which 
has served as the basis for a 
wonderful series of invest- 
ments in that line, and today 
he holds numerous valuable 
interests in the various min- 
ing properties of Utah. He 
is a heavy stockholder in all 
of them, organizer of many 
and officer in most of them. 
Among his mining con- 
nections are Silver King 
Coalition Mining Company, 
Treasurer and Director; Daly 
West Mining Company, 
Treasurer and Director; Cen- 
tennial-Eureka, the Grand 
Central. He is also a direc- 
tor of the American Smelting 
and Refining Company, the 
Oregon Short Line Railroad 
Company, the Utah- Idaho 
Sugar Company, Utah Light 
and Railroad Company; Pres- 
ident Guardian Casualty Com- 
pany, President Raft River 
Land and Livestock Company, 
in Idaho; President Gold 
Belt Water Company, Utah; 
Vice President Consolidated Wagon and Machine 
Company, Vice President Hotel Utah. All of these 
are active, paying institutions and the brain of Mr. 
McCornick is an important factor in the policies and 
success of each, because he gives to them quite as 
much of his vigorous, energetic methods as he does 
to his banking. 

While not an active politician, Mr. McCornick is 
possessed of a great civic pride and has always 
been ready to serve in any way that would benefit 
his city. 

He served as a member of the Salt Lake 
City Council in 1888, and some years later was re- 
elected and served as President of that body. He 
was for seventeen years President of the Board of 
Trustees of the Utah State Agricultural College 
and did much to advance education. 

He was the first President of the Alta Club, and 
in addition to his membership in that belongs to the 
Commercial Club. He is a man of generous im- 
pulses and his personal philanthropies have been 
numerous and practical. 




GEORGE, Capitalist and 
Banker, President, Pacific 
Light and Power Corpora- 
tion, Los Angeles, California, 
was born March 30, 1856, at Terre Haute, 
Indiana, the son of George Kerckhoff and 
Philippine (Newhart) Kerckhoff. He mar- 
ried Louise Eshman at Terre Haute, Novem- 
ber 13, 1883. They have 
two daughters, Gertrude 
and Marion Kerckhoff. 

Mr. Kerckhoff received 
his primary education 
in the public schools of 
his native city and at 
the Gymnasium Lingen, 
Province Hanover, Ger- 

After leaving school, 
he entered the business 
of his father in Terre 
Haute, where he con- 
tinued until his removal 
to California in the fall 
of 1878. This gave him a 
thorough knowledge of 
the wholesale saddler and 
jobbing saddlery hard- 
ware business. After ar- 
riving in California he 
traveled throughout the 
State and following a 
thorough investiga- 
tion he decided that Los 
Angeles, although then 
only a city of 10,000 
people, gave the greatest promise of success. 

The spring following his location at Los 
Angeles, with two associates,he organized the 
firm of Jackson, Kerckhoff & Kuzner, lumber 
dealers, the firm later changing to the Kerck- 
hoff-Cuzner Mill and Lumber Company, 
wherein began one of the great industrial 
enterprises that have done so much to de- 
velop the resources of Southern California. 

Mr. Kerckhoff with associates established 
a chain of yards and docks along the south- 
ern coast of California and wharves at San 
Pedro (Los Angeles Harbor.) Their timber 
lands are situated in several Western States, 
with large mills on the Umpqua River, in 
Oregon. They own a line of lumber vessels 
which ply between Pacific Coast ports. The 
Company, with Mr. Kerckhoff as president, 
has become one of the gigantic enterprises 
of the West and the members of it are among 
the leading lumbermen of the country. 


In 1898, Mr. Kerckhoff sought another 
outlet for his energies, and with A. C. Balch, 
organized the San Gabriel Electric Company, 
which was the pioneer in Southern California 
water power development for electrical pur- 
poses. Through this company, which util- 
ized the water power of the San Gabriel 
river to generate electricity, Los Angeles, 
San Bernardino and twelve other cities were 
furnished with electric 
lighting and power. This 
original company was the 
basis of one of the great- 
est light and power sys- 
tems in the world and 
the work of Mr. Kerck- 
hoff was a factor domi- 
nant in its success. In 
time it was merged into 
the Pacific Light and 
Power Corporation, 
which now distributes 
light and power to all 
parts of Southern Cali- 

The success of the two 
pioneer companies was 
such that Mr. Kerckhoff 
and his associates subse- 
quently organized the 
San Joaquin Light and 
Power Corporation, and 
this company now dis- 
tributes throughout the 
San Joaquin Valley from 
Merced to Bakersfield, 
with its plant and head- 
quarters located at Fresno. In addition the 
company owns and operates the electric rail- 
way and water plants at Fresno. 

In recognition of his ability, Mr. Kerck- 
hoff was selected by Governor Budd of Cali- 
fornia as Commissioner to manage the Yo- 
semite Valley, one of the world's greatest 
scenic spots. His work in this capacity was 
so successful that he was reappointed for a 
second term by Governor Gage. 

Mr. Kerckhoff has numerous active inter- 
ests. He is President of the Fresno Irri- 
gated Farms Co. and of the First National 
Bank of Kerman, Cal., and is a director in the 
Farmers and Merchants' National Bank, the 
Southern Trust Co., both of Los Angeles, 
and the S. P., L. A. & S. L. Railroad. 

His clubs are: Bohemian and Pacific 
Union of San Francisco; Jonathan, Los An- 
geles Country and California, of Los An- 
geles, and Bolsa Chica Gun Club. 




County Supervisor, Los An- 
geles, California, was born 
March 10, 1847, at *Milwau- 

kee, Wisconsin, the son of T. 

Butler and Mary Jane (Allcut) Butler. 

He married Kitty Keller at La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, December 24, 1869, and to them were 
born two children, Sidney T. and Edward J. 
Butler. Mr. Butler's 
grandfather, the Rever- 
end David Butler, was 
an Episcopal minister in 
Troy, New York, during 
the latter days of George 
Washington's period and 
served in the pulpit dur- 
ing the early years of the 
nineteenth century. Mr. 
Butler's uncle, the Rever- 
end Clement M. Butler, 
was rector of Trinity 
Church, Washington, D. 
C., and served as chaplain 
of the United States 
Senate before and during 
the Civil War. 

Mr. Butler attended 
the common schools of 
his native city up to the 
middle of the Civil War, 
when he left his books, in 
1863, and enlisted in a 
Wisconsin regiment. He 
was one of the youngest 
men under arms in the 
great conflict, taking part 


in numerous engagements, and in 1865, was 
mustered out. At that time he returned to 
his studies and for eight months was en- 
rolled at Flint, Michigan. 

In the fall of 1866, he quit school finally, 
and went to work as Assistant Agent of the 
American Express Company at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. At the end of two years he left 
that position to go with Cameron and Com- 
pany, engaged in railroad construction work. 
In a short time he was made superintendent 
of construction for the firm at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, and served in that capacity for 
one year, when he resigned and went to 
Memphis, Tennessee. During the years 
1869, 70 and '71, he was assistant agent of 
the Memphis and Arkansas River Packet 
Company, but left in the latter year and re- 
turned to La Crosse for another year of con- 
struction work. In 1873 he went to Florida 
as a member of the railroad contracting firm 

of Rossiter and Company, but returned to 
La Crosse in a year. He then went into the 
banking business under J. C. Easton, owner 
of a chain of banks in the Northwest, and 
from 1874 to 1876 was in charge of the Eas- 
ton Bank at Wells, Minnesota. He rejoined 
the Cameron Company as agent at Chicago 
and for three years was again busy in railroad 
construction. He left the Cameron Company 
and went to work with 
A. A. Robinson, Chief 
Engineer for Santa Fe 
Railroad building. His 
most notable work, per- 
haps, was the building of 
the Santa Fe Railroad's 
branch through the Grand 
Canyon of the Arkansas 
River, sometimes called 
The Royal Gorge. He as- 
sisted in building the 
Santa Fe road between 
Las Vegas and Lamy, N. 
M., then retired in 1879, 
and returned to Kansas 
City, Mo., where he be- 
came clerk of the Pacific 
Express Company; in six 
months he was general 
agent ; before the end of a 
year the Pacific and Uni- 
ted States Express Com- 
panies consolidated and 
he was made general 
agent for both companies. 
In 1886 he resigned and 
went to Los Angeles, as- 

sisting in building a railroad to Flagstaff, 

In 1889, he was made agent of the Wells 
Fargo Company at Los Angeles, and held 
that until 1904, when he was transferred to 
San Francisco. In 1905, he was made assist- 
ant superintendent in the Northwest, and the 
next year put in charge of the San Francisco 
office, retiring in 1907. He then returned to 
Los Angeles and was the "father of the good 
roads movement" there. He organized the 
Los Angeles County Roads Association. He 
was one of the men who caused Port San 
Pedro, Cal., to be made a part of the city. He 
went abroad in 1909, and in Europe received 
so many communications asking him to run 
for Supervisor, that he did so and was elected 
on the Republican ticket in 1910. He is an 
ex-director of the L. A. Chamber of Com- 
merce and was first chairman of the Lincoln- 
Roosevelt Republican League. 



banker, of Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in Chicago, Illinois, 
April 28, 1868. His father was 
George W. Bittinger, a wholesale 
grocer of Chicago, and his mother 

Sarah Julie (Pestana) Bittinger. He was married 

in Riverside, California, in 1892, to Laura Franken- 

heimer. They have one child, Merritt A. Bittinger. 

Mr. Bittinger was educated in the public schools of 

Chicago, and was trained for 

business life in the Jackson- 
ville (Illinois) Business Col- 
lege, graduating from there 

in 1885. 

The next year he moved 

to California and located at 

Riverside. His first employ- 
ment there was in the bank 

of the old Riverside Banking 

Company, and he remained 

with that concern in various 

positions until 1893, when he 

resigned to go with the First 

National Bank of Riverside. 

Within two years he was 

made cashier of the bank, 

and during the next eight 

years he brought the bank 

up to a position which made 

it one of the strongest banks 

in the State outside of the 

two principal cities of Los 

Angeles and San Francisco. 
Although he never sought 

or accepted public office, Mr. 

Bittinger, an ardent Republi- 
can, took an active interest 

in the affairs of his party 


during his stay in Riverside and served at various 
times on the County and City Central Committees. 
He was on the Central Committee during the two 
McKinley campaigns, 1896-1900, and in both in- 
stances Riverside polled a large majority for the 
martyr President. 

Mr. Bittinger remained Cashier of the Riverside 
bank until 1903, when, his record having attracted 
attention, he was offered the position of Cashier of 
the Los Angeles National Bank. He accepted and, 
with seventeen years of banking experience to his 
credit, he began his duties. He continued as 
Cashier until the consolidation of his bank with 
the First National of Los Angeles. Mr. Bittinger 
was one of the principal factors in this merger, 
which involved the amalgamation of approximately 
$20,000,000 in assets. His part in this transaction 
placed him among the leaders of the financial 
world in Los Angeles and he was made Vice Presi- 
dent and Director of the new institution. 

In February, 1910, after having followed the 
banking business for twenty-four years, Mr. Bit- 

tinger resigned the Vice Presidency of the First 
National in order to devote himself to his private 
interests, which by this time were extensive. 

Mr. Bittinger is heavily interested in a variety 
of substantial projects in Northern California and 
Oregon, and is aiding largely in the development 
of the latter State. His interests include lumber, 
land, etc. 

In addition to his association with the First 
National Bank, Mr. Bittinger is also interested in 
the Equitable Savings Bank 
of Los Angeles, and up to a 
short time ago was heavily 
interested and an officer in 
the Weed Lumber Company, 
the Klamath Development 
Company and the California 
Northeastern Railway Com- 
pany, three affiliated Oregon 

He disposed of his inter- 
ests in them, the railroad 
company being sold to the 
Southern Pacific Railroad 

Mr. Bittinger is one of 
the progressive type of busi- 
ness men, but he is also 
interested in matters other 
than business. 

While he was a resident 
of the city of Riverside he 
was a Trustee of the Car- 
negie Library Board of that 
place, and also of the Arch- 
aeological Institute of 

He is a member of the 
Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, and for two years was on its Board of 

He was also Chairman, during that period, of the 
Finance Committee, which has charge of all the 
funds of the organization, and was a member of 
the committee which had in charge the entertain- 
ment of President Taft when he visited Los Angeles 
in 1909. 

He also served on other committees which had 
in charge improvement projects fostered by the 
Chamber of Commerce and intended to better Los 

He is prominent in Southern California lodge 
circles and is one of the leading Masons of the 

He is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, 
a Mystic Shriner and a Knight Templar. 

Mr. Bittinger is fond of outdoor life and is an 
enthusiastic golfer. 

He is also a member of the California Club, the 
Union League Club and the Annandale Country 






ETTS, ARTHUR, Merchant, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at 
Holmby, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land, June 17, 1862, the son of 
Richard and Caroline (Coleman) 
Letts. He married Florence Philp, 
August 25, 1886, at Toronto, Canada. There are 
three children, Florence Edna, Gladys (now Mrs. 
Harold Janss) and Arthur Letts, Jr. 

His father was Richard Letts, a farmer and the 
eldest son of a. Richard Letts, the same name hav- 
ing been bestowed on the eldest son for nine gen- 
erations. The farm was held by a Richard Letts 
four hundred years ago. 

Until 1874, when he was twelve years old, he 
attended classes at Rev. Hedges' private school for 
boys, located near his home. The next three years 
he spent at the Creaton Grammar School, England. 
He finished his book education under a private 
coach, a Mr. Meredith. 

At the age of sixteen he was "articled," the 
English term for apprenticed, to a good man, pro- 
prietor of a dry goods store in a small and bustling 
town of the neighborhood. He served his time 
with credit, and for the fourth year was engaged at 
a salary. 

But he did not long remain in this position. 
His imagination, and also that of his elder 
brother, had become fired with the word of 
the opportunities open to the young man in the new 
world across the Atlantic. Lest they be persuaded 
to stay by the pleadings of their parents, they did 
not tell of their intention until they were aboard 
the steamer at Liverpool. Arthur Letts got as far 
as Toronto, Canada, and found employment in a 
large dry goods store. For several years he was 
with the same firm. 

When the Reil rebellion broke out in the North- 
west of Canada, he volunteered, eager for a taste 
of outdoor life and the contact with the wilderness. 
His position in Toronto was held open for him 
while he went with his regiment to the scene of the 
trouble. He was awarded a silver medal and clasp 
for distinguished service, and a grant of land by the 
Canadian government. 

In the early nineties he went to Seattle, and 
went to work the day he arrived. Three days later 
came Seattle's great fire, and the firm he worked 
for was wiped out. His buoyant spirit did not look 
upon the event as a calamity, and although he had 
not reckoned at once to go into business for him- 
self, he got together a small stock and began to 
sell goods in a tent, later renting one of the first 
storerooms available. 

But he was not satisfied with results in Seattle. 
By this time he was studying his field with a keener 
eye, determined to locate in that one spot that had 
the greatest promise. Los Angeles seemed to be 
that place. With only $500 in his pocket he arrived 
in that city in the year 1896. 

Opportunity seemed to be waiting for him. At 

the corner of Fourth and Broadway, then well on 
the southern edge of the business section, the firm 
of J. A. Williams & Co. had gone bankrupt. No 
one in the city seemed to want either the stock or 
the location. Business was then a half mile to the 
north. The stock inventoried at $8167. 

With the help of an influential friend, who was 
impressed with Mr. Letts' knowledge of the busi- 
ness, a loan of $5000 was secured from the Los 
Angeles National Bank. This amount was used as 
the first payment for the bankrupt stock, the bal- 
ance to be paid in thirty days. He gave the busi- 
ness the name of the Broadway Department Store, 
and opened its doors February 24, 1896. At the end 
of the first week the adjoining store caught fire 
and the stock of the new department store was 
seriously damaged by fire. With the insurance 
money of $1000 the undiscouraged Mr. Letts began 
business again. 

Then followed a growth more phenomenal than 
the growth of the city. By 1899 the Broadway oc- 
cupied the entire ground floor of the Pirtle & Hal- 
let building. In 1901, the adjoining Hellman build- 
ing was bought; in 1905 the upper floors of the 
Pirtle & Hallet building were acquired, and in the 
ensuing year the Slauson building, adjoining the 
Hellman. The stock and trade of the store are 
now among the largest on the Pacific Coast. Mr. 
Letts is sole owner of the great establishment. 

He has always been interested in education 
and in the welfare of young people. In his own 
store he has maintained a school for the younger 
employes. He has been a liberal giver to the Los 
Angeles Y. M. C. A., which now has one of the 
finest buildings in America, and is its president. He 
is a trustee of the State Normal College, and this is 
the only political office he has consented to hold. 

Horticulture is his chief hobby. His home, 
Holmby House, Hollywood, is surrounded by a mag- 
nificent garden of 30 acres, so filled with a collec- 
tion of rare and beautiful trees and plants that the 
United States has made of a section, that devoted 
to cactus, a substation. He has ransacked the 
world, in his travels, for specimens. He has of late 
become an art collector and already has a number 
of precious marbles, which he has placed in his 
home and garden. 

His business interests and property holdings 
outside of the Broadway Department Store are 
known to be heavy, but he prefers to keep his name 
out of the directorates of other concerns. 

He is a member of the California Club, Los An- 
geles Country Club, Automobile Club, Los Angeles 
Chamber of Commerce, Los Angeles Realty Board, 
Municipal League, Hollywood Board of Trade, Fed- 
eration Club, all of Los Angeles, and of the Bo- 
hemian Club of San Francisco. He is president of 
the Young Men's Christian Association; president 
Retail Dry Goods Association; member Internation- 
al Committee, Y. M. C. A.; member Hollywood 
Lodge, F. and A. M., and a Knight Templar. 



italist, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in Coos Coun- 
ty, Oregon, June 22, 1861. 
His father was Carl Gustavus 
Bilicke and his mother was Caroline Sigis- 
mund Bilicke. At Niagara Falls, N. Y., Sept. 
10, 1900, he married Gladys Huff, and of this 
union three children have been born. They 
are Albert Constant, 
Nancy Caroline and Carl 

Mr. Bilicke came to 
California in 1868, set- 
tling in San Francisco, 
and attended the public 
schools of that city until 
1876, when he entered 
Heald's Business College 
of the same city. At the 
age of 17 (1878) Mr. Bil- 
icke went to Arizona, 
where he engaged in the 
hotel business, being 
made manager of the 
Cosmopolitan Hotel at 
Florence, and after two 
years went to Tomb- 
stone, Arizona, where he 
managed the Cosmopoli- 
tan Hotel of that town 
and also became interest- 
ed in mining as superin- 
tendent of the Pedro 
Consolidated Mining 
Company. Returning to 
California in 1885, Mr. 


Bilicke became proprietor of the Ross House, 
Modesto, and in 1891 became the proprietor 
of the Pacific Ocean House, Santa Cruz, Cal- 
ifornia, a famous high-class resort in that day. 

In 1893 Mr. Bilicke first came to Los An- 
geles, and shortly after his arrival became 
the proprietor of one of the most famous ho- 
tels of the West of that and the present day, 
the Hollenbeck Hotel, of which he is still the 
president and moving spirit. 

Although Mr. Bilicke's interests have 
grown to great magnitude and are spread 
far and wide, among which is the magnfficent 
Hotel Alexandria of Los Angeles, he still has 
a feeling of affectionate regard and pride in 
the "Hollenbeck" that no other interest, no 
matter the magnitude, can lessen. 

In 1903 Mr. Bilicke turned his attention 
to building and organized the Bilicke-Rowan 
Fireproof Building Company, principally for 
the purpose of improving in the most modern 

and substantial manner some of the many 
central business sites which he and his asso- 
ciates had acquired. Notable among the 
structures erected by this company stands 
the palatial Hotel Alexandria, erected in 
1905, of which he is president and which has 
added much to the fame and luxurious hotel 
life of Los Angeles. The success of this under- 
taking is best told by the fact that the com- 
pany has just completed 
an addition or annex con- 
taining over 300 rooms. 
He is president of the 
Bilicke - Rowan Annex 
Company, the Century 
Building Company, or- 
ganized in 1906, and of 
the Central Fireproof 
Building Company, or- 
ganized in the same year. 
He is also the presiding 
head of the Chester Fire- 
proof Building Company, 
which at this time is 
erecting the Title Insur- 
ance Building, a modern 
office building at Fifth 
and Spring streets and of 
which it is proposed to 
make one of the finest of- 
fice buildings west of 

When the business 
district of Los Angeles 
started south along 
Broadway and Spring 
streets, Mr. Bilicke dis- 

played his confidence in the future of the city 
by stepping far ahead and buying choice cor- 
ners on which he could today take a hand- 
some profit; but he is not a speculator, he is 
an investor, with unbounded confidence in 
Los Angeles, and is backing his judgment 
with enormous investments in modern im- 
provements on the properties which he con- 
trols. His investments are almost entirely 
of a character that benefit the community at 
large and add beauty to the city. 

While Mr. Bilicke's charities are general- 
ly known to be large, he sees to it that the 
details are confined to the knowledge of him- 
self and the recipient. 

In addition to the high position Mr. Bil- 
icke occupies in business, financial and social 
circles, he is a member of the Jonathan Club, 
the Los Angeles Country Club, Annandale 
Golf Club and the Valley Hunt Club of 


cian, Los Angeles, California, was 
born at Londonderry, New Hamp- 
shire, May 23, 1852, the son of 
Timothy Green Brainerd and 
Lucinda R. (Dewey) Brainerd. 
His family on both sides is a noted one in New 
England, his mother being a cousin of Admiral 
George Dewey, hero of the battle of Manila Bay, 
the engagement which gave the United States its 
first great advantage over 
Spain during the war of 1898. 
Dr. Brainerd was twice mar- 
ried, his first wife being Al- 
ma Loomis, whom he mar- 
ried at Manchester, Iowa, 
May, 15, 1879. Death called 
her May 10, 1882, and on 
September 3, 1887, at Chi- 
cago, Illinois, he took as his 
bride Fanny Howard. Two 
children have been born of 
this union, Henry Howard 
and Fred Lindley Brainerd. 

Dr. Brainerd received his 
primary education in Halifax, 
Massachusetts, but his fam- 
ily having removed to Iowa, 
he prepared for College at 
the Iowa Academy, Grinnell, 
Iowa, a preparatory branch 
of Iowa College. Following 
this he went to Dartmouth 
College and was graduated 
with the degree of A. B. in 
1874. He then entered the 
medical department of the 
Iowa State University, and 
later was appointed Assist- 
ant Physician to the Iowa State Hospital for the 
Insane at Mount Pleasant, Iowa. He served there 
for a year and in 1876 enrolled as a student in Rush 
Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, and received his 
degree of M. D. there in 1878. 

Dr. Brainerd then returned to Iowa and became 
Assistant Superintendent of the Iowa Hospital for 
the Insane at Independence, Iowa. He served in 
this capacity from 1879 to 1887, except for an in- 
terval in 1882 and 1883, when he was in attendance 
at the New York Post Graduate School. 

In 1887, Dr. Brainerd relinquished his position 
at the Iowa institution and moved to Los Angeles, 
California, where he opened a private practice 
r/hich he has continued down to date. From the 
time of his arrival in Southern California Dr. Brain- 
erd has held a prominent position in his profession. 
The year he located in Los Angeles Dr. Brain- 
erd was appointed Superintendent of the County 
Hospital and he filled that office continuously from 
1887 until 1892. Simultaneously he was a member 
of the faculty of the College of Medicine of the 


University of Southern California and while con- 
nected with the institution was honored in various 
ways. From 1887 to 1909, a period of twenty-two 
years, he occupied the Chair of Neurology, but 
during that time he also held other important of- 
fices in the University. From 1889 to 1896 he was 
Secretary of the Faculty and from 1896 to 1902 
was Dean of the College of Medicine. 

Since 1909 Dr. Brainerd has been Professor of 
Neurology in the Los Angeles Department of the 
College of Medicine, Univer- 
sity of California. While con- 
nected with the University 
of Southern California, Dr. 
Brainerd organized the Den- 
tal Department there and 
was the first Dean of the 
Dental Faculty. 

Dr. Brainerd's career has 
been one of honor and 
worthy accomplishment and 
he is to-day looked upon as 
one of the foremost practi- 
tioners in the United States. 
He is a member of the lead- 
ing scientific and profes- 
sional organizations and in 
many of them has served as 
officer. He is an ex-Presi- 
dent of the Los Angeles 
County Medical Association 
and also held the same office 
in the Clinical and Patho- 
logical Society of Los An- 
geles, an organization of lim- 
ited membership, and made 
up exclusively of men who 
brought honor upon the pro- 

Dr. Brainerd is a member of the Los Angeles 
County Medical Association, the Los Angeles Clini- 
cal and Pathological Society, Southern California 
Medical Society, Medical Society of the State of 
California and the American Medical Association. 
He is always working for the advancement of 
his profession, taking an enthusiastic interest in 
the work of the above organizations, and is an 
ardent supporter of all professional efforts to 
further the science of medicine. 

Although his life has been one full of activity, 
Dr. Brainerd has found time to contribute to the 
literature of the profession and has to his credit 
numerous papers on medical subjects. His private 
life has been that of a scholar, but he has at all 
times performed the duties of citizenship and is 
one of the most patriotic men in the work of up- 
building Los Angeles and the rich country sur- 
rounding it. 

He holds membership in the California Club 
and University Club, both Los Angeles institu- 

8 4 


dier, Counselor and Banker, Los 
Angeles, California, was born near 
Asheville, North Carolina, Sep- 
tember 29, 1846. He is descend- 
ed of an old Scott-Irish Southern 
family, being the son of James G. Blackstock, M. 
D., and Elizabeth Ann (Ball) Blackstock. He mar- 
ried Abbie Smith at Newport, Tennessee, Septem- 
ber 25, 1868, and to them were born ten children, 
eight of whom are now liv- 

Mr. Blackstock received 
his education in private 
schools of his native State 
prior to the Civil War and at 
the conclusion of that strug- 
gle, in which he served the 
Confederacy, studied under a 
private tutor. This was dur- 
ing the years 1865-68 and, in 
addition to a general literary 
course, read for the law. 

Upon the completion of 
his own education he fol- 
lowed the vocation of a 
schoolmaster, teaching a 
country school near Newport, 
Tennessee, during the sea- 
sons of 1868 and 1869. In the 
latter year he was admitted 
to the Bar of Tennessee and 
to the Bar of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, 
and in 1870 moved to War- 
rensburg, Missouri. There 
he had a warm friend in 
General Francis M. Cockrell, 
afterwards United States 

Senator and member of the Isthmian Canal Board, 
and it was upon the motion of this famous Mis- 
sourian that Mr. Blackstock was admitted to the 
Bar of that State. 

Mr. Blackstock practiced in the State and Fed- 
eral Courts of Missouri for three and a half years 
and in 1875 moved to Los Angeles, and he has made 
his home there and in Ventura ever since. He re- 
mained in the city only a brief time at first and 
then moved to Ventura County, California, shortly 
after the organization of that county. He prac- 
ticed law successfully in Ventura for about thirty 
years, and there, in 1897, Mr. Blackstock was elect- 
ed State Railroad Commissioner and served four 
years. His administration was one of the most im- 
portant in the history of the commission, that body 
having to deal with various important policies, in- 
cluding the fixing of passenger, freight and oil rates 
on the railroads of the State. These measures 
were the subject of extensive litigation, but ulti- 
mately were upheld and form the basis of numer- 
OUF latter-day reforms in the transportation 


methods and charges prevailing in California. 
Governor Pardee, in the year 1905, chose Mr. 
Blackstock for the office of State Banking Com- 
missioner, to fill the unexpired term of Guy B. 
Barham, and he at that time changed his resi- 
dence from Ventura to Los Angeles. So satisfac- 
torily did he discharge the duties of the office, he 
was reappointed for the full term of four years. 
He held the office for about two and a half years 
more, resigning to enter the banking business. 

He became associated 
with the Merchants' Bank 
and Trust Company of Los 
Angeles as Vice President 
and Trust Officer and served 
as such until April 1, 1910, 
when he resigned as Trust 
Officer. He still remains a 
Director and Vice President. 
In the early part of 1911 
Mr. Blackstock organized the 
International Indemnity Com- 
pany, an indemnity, bonding 
and burglary insurance com- 
pany, which has its head- 
quarters in Los Angeles. He 
holds the office of President 
and Chief Counsel of the 
company and continues a 
general legal practice. 

Mr. Blackstock's military 
career was quite as brilliant 
as has been his later work in 
the realms of law and fi- 
nance. At the outbreak of 
the Civil War he enlisted in 
the Twenty-Sixth North Caro- 
lina Cavalry and before it 
went into active service he 

transferred to the First South Carolina Regular Ar- 
tillery and served with that regiment until the close 
of the war. He was with his command in all of its 
battles, these including numerous engagements in 
the vicinity of Charleston. He surrendered with 
Johnson's army at Greensboro, N. C., and marched 
home, two hundred miles on foot, but immediately 
joined a company of rangers, remnants of his old 
regiment, under command of Lieutenant Simpson. 
They started overland to join E. Kirby Smith in 
Louisiana, intending, with a large force of ex-Con- 
federates, to tender their services to Maximilian in 
Mexico, but before reaching Louisiana news came of 
the surrender of General Smith and his forces; also 
receiving unfavorable news from Mexico, the com- 
pany was disbanded and he returned home to Co- 
lumbus, N. C. Soon afterward he crossed into 
Tennessee where he began the study of law. 

Mr. Blackstock is a Republican in politics. He 
is a prominent Mason, a member of the Los Angeles 
Bar Association, and of the National Geographical 
Society. His principal club is the Union League. 


ney-at-Law, San Francisco, was 
born at Mt. Pleasant, Tennessee, 
September 19, 1845, the son of 
James and Eliza (Ann) Woods. 
His father, who was a Presbyter- 
ian clergyman, was sent to California by the 
Board of Domestic Missions of the Presbyter- 
ian Church to establish a station in Stockton, 
and in other parts of the state, and after a tedious 
trip of eight months "around 
the Horn" reached his desti- 
nation in February, 1850, 
bringing with him his wife 
and four children. He first 
settled in Stockton, where 
the early boyhood, and an 
important part of the man- 
hood, of Samuel D. Woods 
were passed. 

After attending the public 
schools of Stockton and Los 
Angeles, to which latter 
place the state of his fath- 
er's health prompted his 
father to move, Mr. Woods at 
the age of nineteen taught 
school in the Suisun hills, 
and had for his pupils some 
of the subsequently notable 
figures of California history, 
among them the poet, Edwin 
Markham. Later he studied 
law with Hon John Satter- 
lee, first superior judge of 
San Francisco, and in 1869 
was admitted to the Bar. 

He practiced his profes- 
sion for about ten years 

when, his health failing, he took to mining as a 
temporary occupation. During the next few years 
his experience in the open not only stimulated his 
native love of nature but also lent much romance 
to his early manhood. His explorations of Death 
Valley gave him a knowledge of that ill-fated dis- 
trict that enabled him to assist in the preparation 
of official maps which have since been improved 
but little. He explored a large part of the Pacific 
Coast, both on horseback and on foot. On one trip 
he rode from Suisun Valley to Seattle, a distance 
of about 800 miles, consuming three months and 
using but one horse for the journey. Subsequently 
he walked across Washington Territory from 
Olympia to the Columbia River, and tramped alone 
over the most secluded parts of the Sierras, in Cal- 

In 1884 Mr. Woods resumed his law practice in 
Stockton, where he took a notable position both in 
his profession and in politics. As a Republican he 
worked industriously, with citizens of various polit- 
ical faiths, for the welfare of his county and of his 


state; and although he did not seek office he was 
elected to Congress, from the old Second District, 
serving from December, 1899, to March, 1902. 

As a Congressman Mr. Woods was one of the 
first "Insurgents," so-called, by their opponents. 
He opposed Roosevelt's plans for Cuban reciproc- 
ity, and aided in preventing the realization thereof 
at the general session. In this session he also voted 
against the Panama Canal project, on the ground 
of what he deemed the fraud involved in the acqui- 
sition of the isthmus, having 
previously voted for the Ni- 
caragua Canal. On his re- 
tirement from Congress he 
resumed his practice in San 
Francisco, and has been en- 
gaged therein ever since. His 
only other political office was 
that of Judge Advocate, un- 
der Governor Budd. 

In 1910 Mr. Woods' book, 
"Lights and Shadows of 
Life on the Pacific Coast" 
was published. This records 
so many of his own personal 
experiences and reflects so 
much of his own spirit that 
a word regarding it is appro- 
priate here. It is an intense- 
ly interesting, well written 
descriptive and critical nar- 
rative of California, especial- 
ly of San Francisco, the 
prominent figures in the pro- 
fessional, theatrical, com- 
mercial and public life of 
the state, from 1849 to the 
present day. It fairly 
breathes the author's love of 

nature, and the romance that has persisted from 
those early days through all the evolution of our 
city and its surroundings. 

The work is clearly a labor of love and it de- 
serves a permanent place in the historical annals 
of California. 

Another phase of Mr. Woods' busy life is shown 
in the various concerns for which he has been 
either an officer or attorney. 

Among these corporations are included the fol- 

Attorney and a Director of the Sierra Rail- 
way Company of California, Union Hill Mining 
Company of California, and the Huff Creek Coal 
Company of West Virginia; Secretary, Bullock 
Lumber Company; Attorney, Standard Lumber 
Company; President and Attorney, Realty Holding 
and Improvement Company; and Secretary and 
Attorney, Sugar-Pine Timber Company. He has 
never allowed himself any time for Club-life, and 
is a member of only the San Francisco Commercial 



erator, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Birmingham, Schuy- 
ler County, Illinois, August 22, 
1858. He is the son of James 
Harrison Graham and Francis 
Winnifred (Smith) Graham, both descended from 
notable American families. His paternal ances- 
tors were Scotch, who settled in Virginia before 
the Revolutionary War, and one, Joseph Graham, 
served under General Lin- 
coln with such distinction 
during that struggle that he 
was breveted General at the 
fall of Yorktown. David 
Graham, great-grandfather of 
Mr. Graham, was a Captain 
of Virginia Militia during 
the War of 1812. David 
Graham, grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, left 
Virginia in 1829 and settled 
in Illinois and there he and 
Mr. Graham's father became 
prominent in the develop- 
ment of that part of the 
country, with the distinction 
of having established the 
first lumber and grist mill 
seen there. William Gra- 
ham, of the same family, 
was Secretary of the Navy 
in the Cabinet of President 
Fillmore, from 1850 to 1852, 
at which time he resigned 
his portfolio to run for Vice 
President of the United 
States on the Whig ticket 
with Winfield Scott. Mr. 
Graham's great-grandmother 
on the paternal side was a 
cousin of James Madison, 
third President of the United 
States, and a sister of Joel 
Sturgeon, who was killed in 
the battle of the Alamo; his 
grandmother was a niece of General Leslie Coombs, 
the famous Governor of Kentucky, and descended 
from Frances Galloway, who, with her sister, 
Betsy, and Jemima Boone, was captured by the 
Indians in 1776. His mother was connected with 
the Moseleys, Lockets and Salles of Frankfort and 
Lexington, families famous in Kentucky since the 
days of Daniel Boone. 

Mr. Graham married Leolela Dodd of Floyd 
County, Virginia, at Chicago, Illinois, November 
12, 1881, and they are the parents of one child, 
Lillian Virginia Graham, born at Chicago on Christ- 
mas Day, 1883. 

Mr. Graham lived on a farm in his youth, work- 
ing the soil during the Summer months and at- 
tending school in Winter. He received his teach- 
ing in the public schools of Birmingham and 
Plymouth, Illinois, situated in Schuyler and Han- 
cock counties, respectively. He left school when 
he was seventeen years of age and in 1876 went 
to Sterling, Illinois, to learn the printer's trade. 
He worked on the "Whiteside Times" there for ap- 
proximately three years and in 1879 went to Chi- 
cago, where he worked at his trade. He remained 
there only a few months, however, and then, in 
the same year, moved to Montague, Texas, where 
he worked on the "Texas Northwest," the official 

paper of that vast farming and stock raising coun- 
try. Mr. Graham set up the first tax list published 
in that county after the Civil War. He also en- 
gaged in farming and stock raising while there. 
Returning to Chicago in 1882, Mr. Graham en- 
tered the employ of the American Express Com- 
pany, but left there to go with the Chicago City 
Railway Company. He held this position until 
1891 and at that time went to California, locating 
at Bakersfield. For the next three years he was 
associated with Charles N. 
Thurlow as bookkeeper and 
estimator on contracting 
work and upon severing his 
connection with him, re-en- 
tered the newspaper busi- 
ness with C. P. Fox. He re- 
mained in that field only 
about a year, however, and 
then went to San Jose. Cali- 
fornia, in newspaper work. 
The next year he spent in 
that place and San Francis- 
co in newspaper lines. 

The three following years, 
up until 1899, Mr. Graham was 
engaged in the printing busi- 
ness in Oakland, California, 
and he then turned his at- 
tention to oil and mining, in 
which industries he has been 
engaged down to date. He 
had examined the Sunset and 
McKittrick oil districts in 
California as early as 1892, 
and when he finally em- 
barked in the business he 
was one of the best equipped 
men in the matter of oil 
formation and development 
in that part of the country. 
His subsequent career at- 
tests to that, for since the 
discovery of the product in 
what is known as the Kern 
River District in California 
he has been interested in its development. 

During a greater portion of his time he has 
been associated with E. J. Miley and J. D. John- 
ston of Newport, Rhode Island, the three having 
organized various oil corporations and developed 
a large area of oil-bearing land. They organized 
the State Oil Company in 1908, which had large 
holdings in the McKittrick District, and the King- 
Alban Oil Company, which have recently been con- 
solidated under the name of the State Consolidated 
Oil Company, in which corporation Mr. Graham is 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

In 1905 Mr. Graham and associates acquired the 
great Plumas-Eureka gold mine in Plumas County, 
California, and he has since been giving a large 
part of his time to mining interests. He is at the 
present time a Director of the Johnston-Graham 
Mining Company, and also of the Saratoga Mining 
and Development Company in California and has 
valuable interests in Arizona and Colorado. 

Mr. Graham is an ardent supporter of the pol- 
icies of the Democratic party. His family for gen- 
erations has espoused the Democratic party be- 
cause its members believed in its principles. 

He has never been a member of any fraternity, 
but holds membership in the Los Angeles Athletic 



of the City of San Diego and At- 
torney-at-Law, San Diego, Califor- 
nia, was born in Macomb, Illinois, 
December 20, 1864, the son of 
James Franklin Wadham and 
Martha King (Ware) Wadham. He married Nellie 
May George (by adoption Nellie May Lockwood) 
at San Diego, August 6, 1895, and to them there 
have been born six children, Martha Lockwood, 
Helen, Dorothy, Amy, James 
Edward, Jr., and George Wad- 
ham. Mayor Wadham is de- 
scended of a noted English 
family, one of his great- 
grandfathers, Nicholas Wad- 
ham, having been the found- 
er of Wadham College of Ox- 
ford. The college was com- 
pleted and endowed by the 
founder's widow. 

His family having moved 
to San Diego when he was 
five years of age, Mayor Wad- 
ham has lived there ever 
since, and is in the class of 
men who, by their own ef- 
forts, have risen from news- 
boy to notable. He attended 
the grammar and high 
schools of San Diego until 
the early eighties and later 
in life read law under Major 
Levi Chase, one of the cele- 
brated lawyers of Southern 
California. He was admitted 
to the Bar of California in 
December, 1886. 

Mayor Wadham began 
practice before the end of the year 1886 and con- 
tinued, with more or less success, until the Sum- 
mer of 1887, when he left his work temporarily and 
went to Harvard Law School, where he took a 
special course. He then returned to San Diego 
and resumed practice. For the next six years 
Mayor Wadham practiced alone, except for brief 
affiliations with other attorneys, and in 1897 he 
formed the firm of Wadham & Stearns, his as- 
sociate being Frederick W. Stearns. They remained 
together until 1899, when Mayor Wadham surren- 
dered his entire practice to Mr. Stearns and, in 
order to regain his health, retired to devote his time 
to the management of an extensive ranch of which 
he was the owner. 

Mayor Wadham re-entered the legal profession 
in 1902 and for more than a decade has been one 
of the most active practitioners at the bar of San 
Diego. He has been at all times among the lead- 
ers of the profession and appeared in numerous im- 
portant cases, among them several in which Mrs. 
Katherine Tingley, "The Purple Mother" of the 


Theosophical Brotherhood, was involved. As the 
associate of Judge J. W. McKinley, he aided in 
winning a victory for Mrs. Tingley in a noted suit 
for libel, and in 1911 appeared with Judge McKin- 
ley as counsel for the heirs of Harriet W. Patter- 
son (deceased), who sued successfully to break 
the will which gave to Mrs. Tingley the residuum 
of an estate amounting to $300,000. This latter 
was one of the most celebrated cases in the annals 
of California jurisprudence and the longest jury 
trial on record in San Diego 
County, having continued for 
eighty days. 

In January, 1912, Mayor 
Wadham took into partner- 
ship T. B. Cosgrove, one of 
the capable young attorneys 
of Southern California, and 
the partnership continues un- 
der the name of Wadham & 

Mayor Wadham has been 
a factor in the politics of 
San Diego for many years, 
at all times a firm supporter 
of the Democratic party and 
its candidates. When he was 
twenty-nine years of age he 
was a candidate for State 
Senator and, although he 
lost, it was only by 193 votes, 
he having cut the Republi- 
can majority from its normal 
figure, 1500. He was twice 
a candidate for Mayor of San 
Diego, being defeated the 
first time, but victorious on 
his second attempt. He 
was elected in 1911 for a 
term of two years by a majority of 500 and is the 
second Mayor to hold office under the commission 
form of government, under which San Diego oper- 

During his tenure of office Mayor Wadham has 
proposed numerous measures for the improvement 
of the city. One of the important measures that 
he urged was the purchase of a water supply for 
the city, which, when ratified by the electors, will 
involve an issue of $4,000,000 bonds and give to 
San Diego one of the best water supply systems 
in the country. Mayor Wadham has championed 
this project from the time he entered office and to 
his efforts will be largely due, when it comes to 
pass, the establishment of the municipal owner- 
ship of the water supply. 

Aside from his public and legal duties, Mayor 
Wadham is an enthusiastic motorist and good roads 
advocate and a prominent member of the Masonic 
fraternity. He has attained the Thirty-second De- 
gree of the order and also belongs to the Knights 
Templar and the Mystic Shrine. 






I S H E R , HENRY, Investments, 
Redlands, California, was born in 
Pittsburg, Pa., December 18, 1843, 
the son of John Jacob and Frie- 
dericka Fisher. His first wife 
was Mary C. Clark, whom he mar- 
ried at Oil City, Pennsylvania, in 1872, and who 
died on their first visit to California, in 1893. They 
had one son, John H., now associated with his 
father in many of his enterprises. In 1895, at New 
York City, he married Marion J. Thomas of Wash- 
ington, D. C., granddaughter of the late Adjutant 
General Lorenzo Thomas of the U. S. Army. They 
have three children, Natalia, George MacWhorter 
and Friedericka. 

Mr. Fisher, standing today with the honored 
men of the West, who have developed the re- 
sources of Southern California, has been in active 
business for nearly half a century, and while build- 
Ing a fortune for himself has builded for his coun- 
try and his fellowman. He received his education 
in the public schools of his native city, and entered 
the oil business in Oil City, Pa. and vicinity, in 
1864. Mr. Fisher was one of the first to recognize 
the future importance of petroleum in the indus- 
trial and domestic life of the world, and was as 
much a part of the development of Pennsylvania's 
petroleum resources as any other single person, be- 
coming a large producer and shipper and inter- 
ested in a number of important corporations. Or- 
ganizing the Fisher Oil Company in the early 
eighties, he served as President of that corpora- 
tion until he left Pittsburg and sold out his inter- 
ests to his brother. He was a Director in the 
Pittsburg Petroleum Exchange and first President 
of the Washington Oil Company, organized with a 
capital of one million dollars, and one of the most 
successful in the field now controlled by the 
Standard Oil Company. 

In the beginning of the oil production in Penn- 
sylvania, transportation facilities were not of the 
best and, as markets for the product were devel- 
oped, it behooved the oil men to find an economical 
method of getting the petroleum to the railroads. 
Mr. Fisher was one of the originators of the pipe 
line method of transportation, and was a partner 
in the first three pipe line companies operating 
in the Pennsylvania district, devoting a part of his 
time between the years of 1868 and 1872 to this 

Mr. Fisher was also one of the organizers of 
the Natural Gas Company of West Virginia, which 
supplies the city of Wheeling with natural gas. 
He served as a Director in this organization until 
he left Pittsburg. He helped to organize and 
served as a Director in the Keystone Bank of Pitts- 

In 1893 Mr. Fisher took a much needed vacation 
and visited Southern California. The climate and 
promise of the country so impressed him that he 
decided to transfer his home to that section, and, 
upon his return to Pittsburg, disposed of most of 
his interests in that locality. These included val- 
uable oil lands, gas, banking and other stocks, for 
he was one of the leading figures in the business 
life of Western Pennsylvania and possessed of di- 
versified interests. 

Locating at Redlands, California, at a time when 
the country was only slightly developed, Mr. Fisher, 
who had closed one highly successful business ca- 
reer, entered upon another with the same vigor 

which had characterized his earlier operations- He 
invested largely in business property in Redlands, 
and has been one of the most potent influences in 
the upbuilding of that city. His first work in 
California was the organization, with others, of 
the Redlands Electric Light & Power Company 
and the Southern California Power Company, both 
of which he assisted largely in financing; these 
plants were finally merged with the West Side 
Lighting Company of Los, then into the 
Edison Electric Company, now known as the South- 
ern California Edison Company, in which Mr. 
Fisher holds the office of Vice President and Di- 

The above water power companies had an im- 
portant bearing on the business growth of Red- 
lands and surrounding country, for, with their 
formation, a new life was put into the city and it 
entered into a period of steady growth, which has 
not subsided after several years. Realizing the 
importance of transportation facilities, Mr. Fisher 
organized the Redlands Street Railway Company, 
the San Bernardino Valley Traction Company and 
Redlands Central Railway Company, in two of 
which he held the office of President, maintaining 
a progressive policy, which aided largely in the de- 
velopment of the country through which the lines 
passed and which, at present, is one of the richest 
and most prosperous in the United States. 

As a banker, Mr. Fisher served for many years 
as a Director of the First National Bank of Los 
Angeles, the First National of Redlands and the 
Redlands National, resigning from these as his 
many interests made it inconvenient to attend the 

Of extraordinary forcefulness and resource, 
quick to see the possibilities of a project and pos- 
sessed of the ability to carry an enterprise to suc- 
cess, Mr. Fisher is known through Southern Cali- 
fornia as a man of scrupulous integrity and fair 
play. He has been a strenuous worker all of his 
life, but is fortunate in the possession of unusual 
endurance and determination, qualities which haVe 
aided largely in the gratifying success which has 
attended his efforts. 

Mr. Fisher is a patron of the arts and has spent 
considerable time traveling in the United States 
and abroad. His home, one of the handsomest in 
Redlands, is filled with art treasures, which he has 
collected during his travels and which have been 
brought together for their artistic and historic 
value. Although his life has been filled with im- 
portant business affairs, Mr. Fisher has not de- 
voted his time to these alone, but his family has 
always been identified with the social life of Red- 
lands, and he helped to organize and served as 
President of the Redlands Country Club for many 
years. He is also a member of the University 
Club of Redlands, the California Club of Los An- 
geles, and a life member of the Western Pennsyl- 
vania Exposition Society of Pittsburg. He has 
never taken an active part in politics and has avoid- 
ed public attention, but is a public-spirited man, 
always ready to do his part to help along the wel- 
fare of his home town Redlands which he con- 
siders the most delightful place on earth. 

He has been a Director and faithful attendant 
of the meetings of the Chamber of Commerce of 
Redlands for many years, serving on numerous 
committees and taking a leading part in all of its 
public enterprises. 


tect, Los Angeles, California, was 
born at Upper Alton, Illinois, July 
16, 1871, the seventh son of Eb- 
enezer Marsh and Kate (Prevost) 
Marsh. He married Cora Mae 
Cairns at Polo, Illinois, January 23, 1901, and they 
are the parents of two children, Norman LeRoy 
and Marian Elizabeth Marsh. 

Mr. Marsh received his early education in the 
schools of his native city and 
was graduated from the high 
school of Upper Alton in 1886. 
He then studied art, litera- 
ture and science at Shurtleff 
College, Upper Alton, for 
three years and followed this 
with attendance at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. He re- 
mained there five years and 
was graduated from the 
School of Architecture with 
the degree of Bachelor of 
Science in the class of 1897. 

Upon leaving the univer- 
sity Mr. Marsh went to Chi- 
cago, Illinois, as lucical en- 
gineer for the American Lux- 
fer Prism Company. He re- 
mained with the company for 
three years, representing 
them in various cities, includ- 
ing New York, Chicago and 

Resigning his position in 
1900, Mr. Marsh went to Los 
Angeles and there began his 
career as an architect. He 
formed a partnership with 

J. N. Preston under the firm name of Preston & 
Marsh, and while it lasted they were among the 
leaders of their profession, their work being con- 
fined almost exclusively to handsome residences. 
At the end of a year, however, the partnership was 
dissolved and Mr. Marsh then formed an alliance 
with C. H. Russell under the name of Marsh & 

They remained in association for nearly six 
years and during that time were engaged in some 
of the most important architectural work in the 
Southwest. Their most notable accomplishment, 
perhaps, was the designing of Venice, California, 
one of the most unique seashore resorts in the 
United States. The place is patterned after beau- 
tiful Venice, Italy, and besides numerous handsome 
buildings, has a chain of canals through its prin- 
cipal section, these canals being spanned by pictur- 
esque bridges- It is the only city of its kind on the 
Western Continent and stands a monument to the 


In September, 1907, Messrs. Marsh & Russell dis- 
solved partnership, the latter going to San Fran- 
cisco, while Mr. Marsh remained in Los Angeles, 
continuing his work alone. Since that time he has 
taken a leading position among the architects of the 
country, devoting most of his attention to public 
buildings, including churches, schools, libraries, etc. 
Among buildings designed by him are the Hol- 
lywood High School buildings, the first group high 
school in that part of the country. Another work 
which has attracted attention 
to Mr. Marsh is the Pasadena 
High School, said by Har- 
lan Updegraff, specialist in 
school administration, Bu- 
reau of Education of Wash- 
ington, D. C., to be the fin- 
est high school structure in 
the entire United States. 
Other buildings designed by 
Mr. Marsh are the First 
Methodist Church of Oakland, 
California; First Methodist 
Church, Long Beach, Cali- 
fornia; the First Baptist 
Church of Pomona, Califor- 
nia, and the University of 
Redlands, Redlands, Califor- 
nia, a handsome group of 
modern fireproof buildings. 

The most recent work of 
Mr. Marsh and one of the 
best productions of his ca- 
reer is the Columbia Hospital 
of Los Angeles. This insti- 
tution is known as the finest 
of its kind west of New York 
City and compares favorably 
with any in the metropolis. 

It is modern in every detail, fireproof, and equipped 
with every device known to modern science. Its 
greatest feature, perhaps, is the fact that its san- 
itation is perfect, due to the installation by Mr. 
Marsh of a water system for washing all air enter- 
ing the hospital, which affords absolute protec- 

These are only a few of the structures designed 
by Mr. Marsh in Southern California, there being 
in addition numerous fine residences, and buildings 
in the business district of the city. 

Mr. Marsh makes his home in South Pasadena. 
There he is a member of the Board of Trustees of 
the Public Library and Chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of the Memorial Baptist Church. 

He is an enthusiastic worker for Southern Cali- 
fornia's upbuilding and, although he is not a club- 
man, has a wide circle of friends. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, and has been a member of 
the Southern California Chapter of the American 
Institute of Architects. 


Consulting Engineer, Los Angeles, 
California, was born at Industry, 
Maine, July 26, 1863, the son of 
Nathaniel Trask and Betsy Helen 
(Wills) Trask. He has been 
twice married, his first wife, Maude R. Smith, whom 
he married at Escondido, California, December 20, 
1888, having died in February, 1908. She bore him 
three sons, Harlan, Olin and Elwood. Mr. Trask 
took for his second wife 
Carlotta Thornton, the wed- 
ding ceremony being per- 
formed at Los Angeles, July 
1, 1909. 

Mr. Trask received his 
early training in the public 
schools of Bethel, Maine, and 
Gould's Academy of that 
place. He entered the Uni- 
versity of Maine in 1883 and 
was graduated in 1887 with 
the degree of Bachelor of 
Civil Engineering. Three 
years later his college con- 
ferred upon him the Master's 
Degree- Mr. Trask, who is 
today considered one of the 
greatest civil engineers in 
the West and an authority on 
irrigation matters, has been 
in active service since his col- 
lege days. During the last 
two years of his course he 
was engaged on hydro- 
graphic surveys of the Pe- 
nobscot River under Profes- 
sor Hamlin and F. P. Stearns, 
and from August to Decem- 
ber, 1887, the year of his 
graduation, was assistant to 
H. E. Stoddard, a civil en- 
gineer of Pomona, California, 
on townsite work in the 
southern part of that State. 

Since that time he has been engaged in various en- 
gineering enterprises in California which have 
given him rank with the leaders of his profession. 
In the beginning of the year 1888 he became 
Chief Engineer for the Ontario Land & Improve- 
ment Company and the San Antonio Water Com- 
pany, and in this capacity had charge of various 
important operations. For the latter company he 
designed and constructed extensions to the irriga- 
tion systems which it operated and for the former 
constructed eight miles of street railway. 

About this time Mr. Trask inaugurated a sys- 
tem of underground tunnels for water develop- 
ment, and by this method added largely to the 
water supply of the town and colony of Ontario, 
and other sections of California. 

In 1889, Mr. Trask was engaged in a number of 
important works, among them the subdivision of 
fourteen hundred acres for the Pasadena Rincon 
Land & Water Company, with surveys for irrigat- 
ing the tract. Also, he made extensive surveys in 
Mill Creek Canyon and designed a power plant for 
the Mentone Sandstone Company in the same year. 
The year 1890 Mr. Trask served as Consulting 
Engineer for the Escondido Irrigation District, de- 
signing its noted "Rock-fill" dam, and in 1891 he 
was Consulting Engineer to the Sycamore Water 


Development Comoanv on tunnel work, also being 
engaged in making surveys for an irrigation sys- 
tem in the Pomona Orange Belt Irrigation District. 
During 1894 Mr. Trask made a topographic sur- 
vey of San Antonio Canyon in California, embrac- 
ing twenty-four square miles and upon the conclu- 
sion of this task was chosen Consulting Engineer 
to the City of Pomona to report upon the most 
available source of water supply. He was also en- 
gaged in general practice, his commissions includ- 
ing that of Consulting En- 
gineer to the San Antonio 
Water Company, the Anita 
Mining & Milling Company 
of Sonora, Mexico, and vari- 
ous others. 

In 1900, Mr- Trask closed 
his offices in Ontario, where 
he had made headquarters 
for about thirteen years, and 
removed to Los Angeles, 
where he has since been en- 
gaged in practice. In mov- 
ing he retained his principal 
clients and in the years that 
have intervened has added 
many more to them, includ- 
ing the Water Users' Asso- 
ciation of San Gabriel Valley 
and a large Eastern clien- 
tiele for whom he has made 
various investigations and 
reports of water develop- 
ment and power projects on 
the Pacific Coast. 

Mr. Trask in 1911 con- 
structed the Ontario water 
system at a cost of $200,000 
and was chosen to make a 
report on a like system for 
the city of Redlands, Cali- 
fornia, to build which the 
city voted $600,000 bonds. 

These summarize in brief 
the activities of Mr. Trask, 

but fail to show adequately the importance of his 
work. His position as an irrigation expert has 
caused him to be employed in various litigations 
and he is generally regarded as one of the chief 
factors in the development of water in Southern 
California. Mr. Trask has contributed frequently to 
engineering journals articles dealing with the water 
question, and one of them, entitled "Water Conser- 
vation in Southern California," printed in the 
"Rural Californian" in June, 1903, has come to be 
regarded as an authority, the demand for this paper 
exhausting two special issues. In it Mr. Trask dis- 
cussed the entire question of irrigation from scien- 
tific and practical standpoints and pointed out the 
defects of the various methods of procuring water 
for agricultural and other purposes. In general, he 
made a brief for the conservation of water re- 
sources in the great Southern California di'strict 
and also outlined a method for doing this, his plan 
providing for a diversion of the waters and the 
creation of new water supplies. This system has 
benn largely adopted and has resulted in a general 
improvement of the lands and products of the farms. 
Mr. Trask is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, also belongs to the Architects 
and Engineers' Association of Los Angeles, Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and the Jonathan Club. 


Engineer, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at East Ilsley, Berks 
County, England, January 1, 1848, 
the son of Thomas Kislingbury 
and Hannah (Herman) Kisling- 
bury. He married Matilda Carlyon at Colton, Boyd 
County, Kentucky, in the year 1873, and to them 
there were born three children, May, Nettie and 
G. D. Kislingbury. Mrs. Kislingbury died in 1890, 
and five years later Mr. Kis- 
lingbury married the second 
time. He took his bride, Lot- 
tie E. Coleman, at Sail Lake 
City, Utah, and of this union 
there are three children, 
Dorothy, Isabella and Frank- 
lin Kislingbury. 

Mr. Kislingbury's parents 
came to the United States in 
1857 and located at Mineral 
Point, Wisconsin, where the 
son was placed in school. He 
studied in the public schools 
of Mineral Point until the 
year 1864, when he deserted 
his books and joined the 
Union army for service in 
the Civil War. He enlisted 
as a private in Company K, 
Thirty-seventh Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was dispatched to 
the front immediately. He 
served through the Virginia 
campaign and participated in 
the battle of Fort Steadman, 
Virginia, March 25, 1865. One 
week later his company was 
engaged in battle at Fort 

Magoon, near Petersburg, Virginia. Mr. Kisling- 
bury served until mustered out at the close of 

Returning home, Mr. Kislingbury followed min- 
ing for three years in the lead and zinc mines of 
Wisconsin. In 1868 he removed to Colorado and 
engaged in mining there about a year, when he 
went to Nevada and located at White Pine. Since 
that time he has been engaged actively in mining 
and the investigation of mines, his work taking him 
to all parts of the Western Continent. 

Mr. Kislingbury has the distinction of having 
been the author of the first metal mine inspection 
bill presented to any legislature, his measure being 
passed by the State Legislature of Colorado in 1889. 
After the passage of the inspection law Mr. Kis- 
lingbury, recognized as an expert on metal mining, 
was appointed by Governor Cooper of Colorado to 
the office of State Mine Inspector. This post he 
held during the years of 1889 and 1890, and upon 
leaving office he again took up his life work the 
examination of mines. 


Mr. Kislingbury is one of the most active men 
in his profession and has been commissioned by 
large capitalists to examine and purchase mining 
properties in various districts. His investigations 
have included all the mining States and Territories 
of the United States, Alaska, British Columbia, 
Vancouver and Prince of Wales Islands, Ontario, 
Canada; Honduras, San Salvador, Guatemala and 
Mexico. He has examined lead, zinc, copper, gold, 
silver, cinnabar, coal, iron and baryta properties and 
his judgment has been ac- 
cepted as the final word by 
his clients. At one time in 
his career Mr. Kislingbury 
devoted himself exclusively 
to exploration and examina- 
tion work for Captain J. R. 
De Lamar, a New York capi- 
talist. Mr. Kislingbury, for 
nine years, was his mining 
expert, and in search of prop- 
erties for Captain De Lamar, 
Mr. Kislingbury traveled to 
all parts of the American 

Mr. Kislingbury has been 
a manager of mines at dif- 
ferent times and holds a 
mine manager's certificate, 
issued by the Examining 
Board of the State of Wy- 
oming. Among the mines of 
which he has been manager 
in the West, the most impor- 
tant are the Golden State 
Mine at Mercur, Utah, and 
the Bully Hill Mine in Shas- 
ta County, California. His 
principal work, however, is 

searching for investments for mining capitalists 
and his success marks him as one of the most 
expert examiners of the present day. 

Mr. Kislingbury has never undertaken the pro- 
motion of mining properties, or the sale of mining 
stocks, and has always enjoyed the confidence of 
his clients to such an extent that they invariably 
have taken over properties which he recommended 
to them, either in the United States or elsewhere. 
At the present time (1912) Mr. Kislingbury is en- 
gaged in the investigation of mining properties of 
Nevada, California and Old Mexico for wealthy in- 
vestors, and in 1911 spent five months in a careful 
examination of the Porcupine District, in Ontario, 

He is recognized by members of his profession 
as one of its leading men. Mr. Kislingbury be- 
longs to the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers, the National Geographical Society, the Ma- 
sons, Odd Fellows, and the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks. His only club is the Rocky 
Mountain Club of New York City. 



Banker, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in that city, 
September 14, 1878, the son 
of Herman W. Hellman and 
Ida (Heimann) Hellman. His father was 
one of the pioneer business men of Los An- 
geles and, at the time of his death, was con- 
sidered its leading banker and one of the 

wealthiest men in the 

Southwest. Marco H. 
Hellman married Reta 
Levis of Visalia, Cal., at 
Los Angeles, June 10, 
1908, and to them was 
born one child, Herman 
Wallace Hellman. 

Mr. Hellman was edu- 
cated in the public schools 
of Los Angeles and later 
attended Leland Stanford 
University. After which 
he started his banking 
career with the Farmers 
& Merchants National 
Bank of Los Angeles. He 
worked there in various 
minor positions for a peri- 
od of time and then v/as 
made assistant cashier of 
the institution. He re- 
mained with that bank for 
about six years and later 
resigned to accept a posi- 
tion as assistant cashier 
of the Merchants Na- 
tional Bank of Los An- 


geles. He held that position with credit and 
soon was promoted to cashier, holding that 
office until he was made vice president of 
the bank, an active position he now holds. 

He is now president, vice president or 
director of twenty-one banks and nine in- 
dustrial corporations and is one of the exec- 
utors of the great Herman W. Hellman 
estate. Coming from a family rated among 
fhe richest in the United States, it is natural 
that Mr. Hellman, although a young man, 
should have attained a position of prominence 
in the financial world. His father before him 
was a positive financial genius, and when he 
died, had a multitude of interests, banking, 
real estate, oil, corporation, etc. 

As executor of the vast estate of his 
father, it is necessary that Mr. Hellman be 
an active participant in a great many cor- 
porations, and this matter of necessity, com- 
bined with his native ability as a financier 

and business man, puts him in the position 
of being the most active young banker in the 
State. As a matter of fact he holds more 
offices in banks and corporations than any 
other three men in Southern California. 

Mr. Hellman has always been too busy to 
engage actively in the political life of his 
native city, but he has not lacked in civic 
pride. He is always among the first men to 

help any movement for 

the advancement of Los 

For instance, when the 
Owens River Aqueduct 
project was proposed and 
money was needed, and 
the Eastern syndicate 
only accepted its allotted 
portion, Mr. Hellman 
took over and sold the re- 
maining portion of the 
bonds for the city, a 
transaction involving at 
least a million dollars. 
With the money obtained 
so promptly, the city was 
enabled to go ahead with 
its work of improvement 
and the Owens River 
aqueduct, a remarkable 
engineering work, soon 
will be supplying pure 
water, not only to the 
City of Los Angeles, but 
to many towns and vil- 
lages in the vicinity of 
the city. 

An interesting incident in the life of Mr. 
Hellman is that he has spent practically all 
his days in one spot in Los Angeles. He was 
born in his father's old mansion at Fourth 
and Spring Streets, when that corner was 
part of the residential section of the city. To- 
day it is in the very center of the business 
district and in place of the home, with its 
wide spread of lawn, where young Hellman 
played as a child, there stands the towering 
skyscraper, the Herman W. Hellman Build- 
ing, an imposing monument to the work of 
his father in Los Angeles. 

Mr. Hellman is one of the most popular 
young financiers in the country and is a 
member of many clubs. His Los Angeles af- 
filiations are the Jonathan, Concordia, Union 
League, Federal and San Gabriel Valley 
Country Clubs. In addition to these social 
organizations, he is a Thirty-second Degree 
Mason, a Mystic Shriner and an Elk. 



President of the Avawatz Salt 
and Gypsum Company, Los An- 
geles, California, was born at Lin- 
gen, in the Province of Hanover, 
Germany, January 20, 1867, the 
son of George Kerckhoff and Philippine (Neuhart) 
Kerckhoff. Mr. Kerckhoff was married to Anne 
May Wethern at Los Angeles, October 4, 1899, and 
to them have been born two sons, Steph- 
ens and Herman Kerckhoff. 

Mr. Kerckhoff, although 
born in Germany and de- 
scended of German stock, is, 
in reality, an American, his 
parents having lived in In- 
diana for many years before 
he was born. They moved 
to Los Angeles when he was 
a boy and the greater part 
of his life has been spent in 
Southern California. 

He attended the public 
schools of Los Angeles and 
was graduated from the high 
school in the class of 1884. 
He entered the University of 
California the next year, tak- 
ing up special studies in 
chemistry, and would have 
graduated in the class of 
1889, but left in the preced- 
ing year and went on a tour 
of Europe. 

Returning to Los Angeles 
in 1889, Mr. Kerckhoff be- 
came associated with the 
Kerckhoff-Cuzner Lumber 


chosen President of it. This concern has grown 
into a prosperous industry and Mr. Kerckhoff still 
is actively engaged in the direction of its affairs. 
In 1912 Mr. Kerckhoff and other capitalists of 
Los Angeles organized the Avawatz Salt and Gyp- 
sum Company and at the present time (1912) is en- 
gaged in the preliminaries necessary to the begin- 
ning of operations by this company. These include 
erection of a modern salt refinery and the building 
of a railroad sixteen miles in length to the mines 
of the company in the Death 
Valley of California. This 
company promises to become 
one of the large industrial 
enterprises of the Pacific 
Coast, the holdings including 
immense deposits of high- 
grade rock salt and gypsum, 
the latter an important in- 
gredient in the manufacture 
of cement and wall plaster. 

Mr. Kerckhoff has en- 
tered into the conduct of the 
company in a manner char- 
acteristic of him, having sur- 
rounded himself with the 
most capable men he could 
procure for the various de- 
partments, and then started 
work on his plant immedi- 
ately. Confident of the suc- 
cess of the enterprise, he 
looks forward to adding an- 
other great commercial asset 
to the already large number 
now forming part of the in- 
dustrial strength of Southern 

and Mill Company, of which his elder brother, Wil- 
liam G. Kerckhoff, was the organizer and chief 
owner. Mr. Kerckhoff was appointed manager of 
the company's branch yard at Pomona, California, 
and remained in that position for about a year, 
being at that time promoted to the management of 
the more important branch of the company's busi- 
ness at Pasadena. Being a conscientious worker, 
he impaired his health through overzealousness, 
and at the end of six months was compelled to give 
up active business and seek to regain his strength. 

He was only out of active business for a few 
months, however, resuming his work as manager of 
the personal affairs of his father, who was a man of 
many interests in Los Angeles. He managed the 
affairs of the elder Kerckhoff for several years 
and upon the death of the latter, organized the 
Kerckhoff Estate Company, of which he continued 
as manager. 

In 1900 Mr. Kerckhoff, in addition to conducting 
the family business, organized a corporation known 
as the Hipolito Screen and Sash Company, being 

The name of Kerckhoff has long been a conspic- 
uous one in the business life of Los Angeles. The 
men of the Kerckhoff family have all done their 
share towards promoting the country and develop- 
ing its resources. William G. Kerckhoff was one of 
the pioneers in the adaptation of water for power 
purposes in Southern California. H. H. Kerckhoff 
has been associated with him in a great many of his 
ventures and has lent his aid towards their success. 

Mr. Kerckhoff, in addition to his office as Presi- 
dent of the Avawatz Salt and Gypsum Company, 
is a director of the Kerckhoff-Cuzner Lumber and 
Mill Company, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Kerckhoff Estate Company, and interested in vari- 
ous other enterprises. 

He is an enthusiast for the upbuilding of the 
Southwest and a believer in clean government, but 
he has never taken an active part in politics. 

He is a Scottish Rite Mason, also a member of 
the Mystic Shrine. He belongs to the California 
Club, Jonathan Club, University Club and the 
Gamut Club. 



LEY, ADOLFO, Banker, Her- 
mosillo, Sonora, Mexico, was 
born at Gnesen, Prussia, Ger- 
many, May 24, 1864, the de- 
scendant of families that have 
long been prominent in the business and 
financial affairs of the great Prussian German 
state. His father was Boas Bley and his 
mother Bertha Seldner, daughter of a mer- 
chant. He married Man- 
uela Rivera, a beautiful 
Mexican girl, at Guay- 
mas, Mexico, November 
19, 1893. 

He was a pupil in the 
public schools of his na- 
tive city until he was nine 
years old and then was 
placed in the Gnesener 
Gymnasium, a high 
school, in which the body 
as well as the brain of the 
boy was trained. There 
the boys were taught 
gymnastics and physical 
culture, and the value of 
this feature of his educa- 
tion is shown in the 
physique of Mr. Bley, 
who, at the age of forty- 
eight, is a man of won- 
derful strength and en- 
durance. Mr. Bley re- 
mained at the gymna- 
sium for seven years,' 
studying Latin and Greek 
the last three years of his 
course, but in 1880 left school to go into 
business life. 

His uncle, a member of the firm of Seld- 
ner and Von Borstel, had gone to Mexico 
many years previously and his firm was one 
of the leading business houses of Guaymas, 
when young Bley started in first as a book- 
keeper and remained in that position for 
seven years, during which time he became 
thoroughly conversant with the business. In 
1887, he was made representative of the firm 
and continued in that capacity until 1890, 
when, his exceptional ability having done 
much for the progress of the firm, he was 
taken in as a partner. He held his interest 
for more than two years, then withdrew to 
go into business for himself. 

In 1893, he organized the Bley Hermanos, 
with his brother Simon, for the conduct of a 
general merchandise business. They located 
in Hermosillo and the business was a suc- 


cess from the start. They have added to it 
continually each year and today they are 
among the largest importers in the entire 
republic of Mexico. Mr. Bley's administra- 
tion of his own business won him a position 
among the leaders of the commercial world 
in the State pf Sonora and he came within a 
very short time to be regarded as one of the 
state's principal citizens. In 1897, with a 
splendid record and credit 
to back him, Mr. Bley 
associated himself with 
other enterprising men 
there and they founded 
the Banco de Sonora of 
Hermosillo, now one of 
the most stable financial 
institutions in the coun- 
try. Mr. Bley was elect- 
ed a director of the new 
institution and there, as 
in his first position in life, 
his ability as an executive 
was recognized and with- 
in a short time he was 
made president of the 
bank, an office he now 

In the year 1904, Mr. 
Bley, in company with a 
number of others, organ- 
ized the Compania Indus- 
trial del Pacifico, with a 
capital of $1,000,000. A 
large factory was built 
near Hermosillo, and 
now is one of the most 
important industries in the state of Sonora. 

In 1910, he with two prominent Sonora 
men, obtained another banking concession 
from the Mexican government and they es- 
tablished the Mortgage and Farmers Bank, 
an enterprise capitalized at $2,000,000. The 
bank began operations in March, 1911, and 
in six months was a success. Its stockhold- 
ers are, in the majority, the same as those 
in the Banco de Sonora. The Banco de So- 
nora has a capital of $1,500,000, and a surplus 
of $1,200,000. For the last ten years it has 
paid dividends of sixteen per cent on its stock. 
Mr. Bley is Vice President of the Com- 
pania Naviera del Pacifico, a steamship line 
operating between Mexican, South American 
and United States ports. He has been Presi- 
dent of the Chamber of Commerce of Hermo- 
sillo, Mexico, for seven years. 

Mr. Bley speaks Spanish like a native, 
German, English and French. 





ICK, Publisher, Los Angeles "Ex- 
aminer," Los Angeles, Gal., was 
born in Pittsburg, Pa., March 14, 
1868, the son of Frederick Lorenz 
Ihmsen and Josephine (Darr) 
Ihmsen. He married Angeline 
Arado in New York City, March 17, 1894. 

The Ihmsen family is one of the oldest in Penn- 
sylvania, where, in the Pittsburg district, they 
built and operated the first glass factory west of 
the Allegheny Mountains. This was the begin- 
ning of one of the biggest industries of that State 
and the name has been closely identified with the 
glass business ever since the establishment of the 
first plant in Pennsylvania. The firm of Ihmsen 
& Co. was in existence more than 100 years. 

Mr. Ihmsen received his preliminary education 
in schools of Stuttgart, Germany, and in Allegheny, 
Pa., public schools, graduating from the high school 
in the latter place in 1886. He finished his stud- 
ies at the Pittsburg Catholic College, Pittsburg. 
Leaving college, Mr. Ihmsen became a clerk in 
the Pittsburg postoffice for about a year, becoming, 
in 1888, a reporter on the Pittsburg "Leader." The 
following year he joined the staff of the Pittsburg 
"Post." This was at the time of the destruction of 
Johnstown, Pa., by flood, and Mr. Ihmsen, who was 
one of the first correspondents that succeeded in 
making their way to the scene of that disaster, won 
special distinction by being the first to reach the 
now historic South Fork Dam in the mountains, the 
giving way of which had been the cause of the 
catastrophe. His reports of ju&t how the Johnstown 
disaster occurred formed one of the journalistic 
masterpieces of that day and attracted the attention 
of the entire newspaper world. 

In 1890 Mr. Ihmsen was sent to Washington, 
D. C., as correspondent for the Pittsburg "Post," 
and the following year became a member of the 
Washington staff of the New York "Herald." He 
was thus engaged until 1893, when he was trans- 
ferred to New York as political reporter for the 
"Herald." Filling this office, Mr. Ihmsen became 
one of the best known newspaper men in New 
York State. He was occupying this position, in 
1895, when William Randolph Hearst entered the 
New York newspaper field and engaged him to rep- 
resent the New York "Journal" at that important 
post, Albany. The next year he was made City 
Editor of the "Journal," and two years later, when 
the Maine was blown up, returned to Washington 
in charge of the Bureau of the Hearst publications. 
During the trying and extremely delicate mo- 
ments preceding the declaration of war with Spain 
and throughout the war, Mr. Ihmsen was in charge 
at Washington, the most important seat of news at 
that time in the country, and the news dispatches 
from there furnished to the Hearst papers attract- 
ed world-wide attention. Frequently denied and 
discredited momentarily, their accuracy was in- 
variably established and the reputation of these 
papers for profound insight into international di- 
plomacy and all that implies to world-news de- 
velopments, became firmly established. 

He was in charge at Washington when Mr. 
Hearst's celebrated fight for the abrogation of the 
Clayton-Bulwer treaty and the immediately suc- 
ceeding fight for the U. S.'s right to fortify the 
Panama Canal and absolutely control it, as finally 
voiced in the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, occurred. 

Mr. Ihmsen personally regards his dispatch, an- 
nouncing the intention of the United States to in- 
tervene with a military force in China during the 
Boxer troubles as the most gratifying single incident 

in his newspaper life. This news was so far in ad- 
vance of apparent developments that the State 
Department, all the Chancelleries of Europe and 
most of the newspapers of Europe and America, 
u^nied its accuracy for many weeks. 

In 1901 he again assumed the duties of City 
Editor of the "Journal." A year later he became the 
Political Editor of the New York "American," 
founded about that time by Mr. Hearst. 

From the time of his entry into New York, Mr. 
Ihmsen was active in Democratic politics of the 
city and State. He was one of the originators of 
the movement for the nomination of William Ran- 
dolph Hearst for President of the United States 
at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, 
in 1904, and was in personal charge of the Hearst 
interest on the floor of the convention. He or- 
ganized the Municipal Ownership League of New 
York in 1905, and that same year managed Mr. 
Hearst's campaign as the candidate of that party 
for the Mayoralty of New York City. This was the 
time when Mr. Hearst was unquestionably elected 
to the office of Mayor of New York City, but was 
counted out after the returns had been held up 
and doctored by Tammany, constituting one of the 
political outrages of history. In 1906 he aided in 
organizing the Independence League, and was 
chairman of the League State Committee during 
the Gubernatorial campaign of that year. 

In 1907, during an extraordinary political upris- 
ing in New York City on the part of members of 
both of the old line parties, a fusion ticket was 
placed in the field, headed by Mr. Ihmsen, as 
candidate for Sheriff of New York County. This 
nomination Mr. Ihmsen accepted only because 
the League, by unanimous resolution, asked him to 
do so, a request that was urged by the Republican 
leaders as well. Although the Fusion ticket devel- 
oped strength, it was defeated at the hands of Tam- 
many, which had practiced the same tactics fol- 
lowed in the election of 1905. In the returns Mr. 
Ihmsen was credited with 120,671 votes, and Foley, 
the Tammany candidate, with 145,388 Mr. Ihmsen 
running considerably ahead of his ticket. 

Besides his efforts for political reform in New 
York, Mr. Ihmsen figured in various national cam- 
paigns, having been secretary of the National Asso- 
ciation of Democratic Clubs from 1900 to 1904, and 
a member of the Executive Committee of the Na- 
tional Democratic Congressional Committee in 1902. 

In the latter part of 1908, Mr. Hearst, recogniz- 
ing the growing importance of Los Angeles and his 
interests there, sent Mr. Ihmsen to take charge of 
the Los Angeles "Examiner." After a brief time 
spent in studying the field he assumed charge of 
the "Examiner" in February, 1909, since when he 
has been the managing director over every depart- 
ment of that newspaper, a work into which he has 
thrown his entire force and energy. 

Since Mr. Ihmsen took charge of the "Exam- 
iner" that paper has attracted national attention 
throughout the newspaper world owing to its re- 
markable growth the gains and increases in many 
instances having established world records. It is 
to-day the leading newspaper of the Southwest. 

Aside from his part in the upbuilding of the 
enterprises fathered by Mr. Hearst, with whom he 
has been closely associated for 17 years, Mr. Ihmsen 
has devoted himself sincerely to upbuilding Los 
Angeles and Southern California, and through the 
policy of encouragement maintained in the "Ex- 
aminer," has been a potent influence in this work. 

He is a member, Democratic Club and Sphinx 
Club, New York; and California, Jonathan, Gamut 
and Los Angeles Athletic Clubs, Los Angeles. 


ney at Law, Phoenix, Arizona, 
was born at Belmont, Texas, 
December 5, 1856, the son of 
Ivy Henderson Cox and Mary 
Jane (Cook) Cox. He married Mrs- Annie 
Boyd at Phoenix, September 16, 1883. 

Mr. Cox, whose life has run the gamut of 
Western experience, is a self-educated man, 
his entire work in schools 
having been accom- 
plished in two terms at 
the Soule University, at 
C h a p p e 1 Hill, Texas, 
when he was nine and 
ten years old. 

At the age of fourteen 
years he took his place 
with the cowboys of 
Texas and ran cattle for 
several years. Giving 
this up when he was 
about eighteen years old, 
he moved to San Diego 
County, California, with 
his parents, where, with 
J. S. Harbinson, he en- 
gaged in the production 
of honey. It was in the 
long winter evenings 
spent on the bee ranch 
that the young man be- 
gan by himself the read- 
ing and study which 
eventually made up for 
his scant opportunity for 
schooling as a boy. He 
continued with Mr. Harbinson for several 
years, afterward reading law with Chase & 
Leach, a famous legal firm of San Diego, 
composed of Major Levi Chase and Wallace 
Leach, the first mentioned having been one 
of the most celebrated lawyers in the history 
of Southern California. 

In 1879 Mr. Cox moved to Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, being in the same year appointed Clerk 
of the Board of Supervisors of Maricopa 
County. He was admitted to the Arizona 
bar in 1880, and in 1884 was elected District 
Attorney of Maricopa County. He was re- 
elected to the office three times, serving 
eight years in all. From the time of his ar- 
rival down to date he has been an active fac- 
tor in the politics of Arizona and has been 
one of the leaders of the Democratic party 
there for more than twenty years. 

At the end of his fourth term in the office 
of District Attorney he was offered the Dem- 


ocratic nomination for Territorial Delegate 
to Congress, a nomination which practically 
meant election, but he declined it, desiring to 
continue in the active practice of his profes- 
sion. A year later he was appointed General 
Attorney in Arizona and New Mexico for the 
Southern Pacific Company, a post which he 
has held from 1893 to the present. In this 
capacity he has figured in a multitude of im- 
portant litigations bear- 
ing on land, water and 
other quasi-public mat- 
ters and through his 
work has come to be rec- 
ognized as one of the 
leading attorneys in the 

When Arizona was ad- 
mitted to Statehood, Mr. 
Cox was solicited by his 
friends to sever his con- 
nection with the South- 
ern Pacific and become a 
candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for election 
as first United States 
Senator from the new 
State. But for business 
reasons and out of regard 
for Hon. Marcus A. 
Smith, his friend and as- 
sociate in many battles 
for the Democratic party, 
he declined, and lent his 
support to Smith, who 
was chosen for the office. 
Mr. Cox is a member 

of the American Bar Association and is one 
of its four counsellors in the State of Ari- 
zona. Aside from his legal and political ac- 
tivities, he has engaged in various business 
enterprises, especially cattle raising, and is 
now President of the Black Cattle Company. 
During the exciting days of the eighties, 
when Arizona was the stamping ground of 
warring Indians and lawless characters of 
every sort, Mr. Cox was one of the men who 
stood for law and order and took personal 
part in many thrilling pursuits after outlaws 
and many exciting prosecutions of criminals. 
He is a member of Arizona Chapter No. 1, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Arizona Lodge No. 2, 
F. & A. M. ; Phoenix Commandery No. 3, 
Knights Templar, and is Past Potentate of El 
Zaribah Temple of the Mystic Shrine. His 
clubs are the California and Jonathan of Los 
Angeles, Cal. ; the Yavapai of Prescott, Ariz., 
and the Arizona of Phoenix. 



cian and Surgeon, Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, was born in Leeds County, 
Ontario, Canada, November 22, 
1863. He is the son of Uriah 
Stone and Sophia (Arnold) Stone, 
and a direct descendant of Benedict Arnold, the 
unfortunate American Revolutionary General, who, 
after serving the country heroically in the Revolu- 
tion and waiting in vain for the advancement 
which his brilliant perform- 
ances merited, turned to the 
British. In connection with 
this, one of the chapters in 
American history, Dr. Stone 
possesses numerous relics, 
among them letters written 
by Arnold and George Wash- 
ington, the former's sword, 
uniform and silk stockings. 
These mementoes, of great 
historical value, passed to 
the Doctor upon the death of 
his mother, and the silk hose 
which Arnold wore have now 
been reduced to ashes, be- 
ing more than a hundred 
years old. 

Dr. Stone married Isa- 
bell M. Walker in 1884 at 
Perth, Canada, and to them 
there was born a son, Ken- 
neth Arnold Stone, at pres- 
ent connected with the Na- 
tional Bank of Commerce in 
Los Angeles, California. 

Dr. Stone received his 
preliminary e d'u cational 
training in the Athens High 
School of Ontario, Canada, and upon its completion, 
took up the study of medicine in Queens University 
at Kingston, Canada. He went from there to the 
Medical Department of Buffalo University, and was 
graduated in the class of 1884 with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. 

For the first few years after his graduation the 
Doctor was engaged in general practice in New 
York City, but gradually he began to specialize in 
neurology and in 1891, in association with others, 
established, at Durhamville, New York, the first 
institution in New York State for the treatment of 
epileptics. This was a private institution, housed 
in a splendid old mansion, with Dr. Stone as one 
of the chief physicians. He was associated with 
Dr. Carter Gray, the noted alienist and neurologist 
of the New York Post Graduate College. 

They conducted the institution, known as the 
New York Home for Epileptics, for several years. 
Prom this grew Craig Colony, the largest estab- 
lishment of its kind in the United States, given 
over exclusively to the training and treatment of 


epileptics, and is a most commendable institution. 
Moving to Phoenix in 1900, Dr. Stone became a 
tuberculosis specialist and soon after his arrival 
there founded Palm Lodge, a private sanitarium 
for the treatment of this dread malady, in connec- 
tion with John Archer of St. Paul. He conducted 
this for several years and finally closed it, but in 
1904 established another, known as a Charity 
Camp. This was a public sanitarium and Dr. Stone 
devoted four years to the treatment of patients 
who sought health in the pe- 
culiar climate of Arizona, but 
lacked the means wherewith 
to obtain treatment. This 
camp was the means of sav- 
ing numerous lives, but in 
time the Doctor's other in- 
terests became so great he 
was compelled to turn it over 
to a German charitable or- 
ganization of Phoenix, which 
still conducts it under the 
name of Bethany Home and 
is carrying forward the work 
which he began. 

Dr. Stone is classed 
among the experts of his pro- 
fession in matters pertain- 
ing to lungs, diet and cli- 
mate, and, besides his public 
and private work to check 
the ravages of tuberculosis, 
has been a prolific writer for 
the medical press upon these 
subjects, particularly with 
reference to the advantages 
and disadvantages of Ari- 
zona's climate in the treat- 
ment of the disease. 

The Doctor has been a prominent figure in the 
life of Phoenix for nearly fourteen years, but has 
never actively engaged in politics during that time, 
his only public office having been as a member of 
the Salt River Valley Water Users' Association, 
in which he served for four years. This body, 
made up of twelve members, has control over the 
use of the water of the valley, its principal duty 
being to guard against waste in a country where 
water is scarce. He is a conservative Republican. 

Dr. Stone is devoting a large part of his time 
now to the affairs of the Arizona Life Insurance 
Company, in which he holds the offices of Vice 
President and Medical Examiner. He is also active 
in real estate development, but has no other cor- 
poration affiliations. 

He is a member of the Maricopa County Medi- 
cal Society, American Medical Association, Na- 
tional Sanatorium Association and various other 
professional societies. His clubs are the Los An- 
geles Country Club, Phoenix Country Club and the 
Arts Club of Gramercy Park, New York City. 



surance, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in that city February 
6, 1879, the son of Albert James 
Howard and Katherine L. (Whit- 
ing) Howard. He married Hazel 
Monson at San Francisco, California, June 4, 1912. 
The Howard Family is one of the oldest and most 
highly regarded in Southern California, the first 
of the family to settle there in the early days hav- 
ing been Judge Volney E. 
Howard, grandfather of the 
present Volney E. Howard. 
Judge Howard was one of 
the honored members of the 
California Judiciary for many 
years and during his service 
was one of the striking fig- 
ures of the Bench. He was a 
lawyer of the old school and 
an ardent advocate of the 
doctrine of State's rights, a 
jurist whose memory is 
among those most honored 
in the legal fraternity. 

Volney E. Howard, who is 
one of the leaders of the in- 
surance business in Southern 
California, is a true son of 
the Golden State. He re- 
ceived his preliminary edu- 
cation in the public schools 
of Los Angeles, graduating 
in 1899 with the first com- 
mercial class of the old Com- 
mercial High School, since 
re-named the Polytechnic 
High School of Los Angeles. 
Following his graduation, 

Mr. Howard decided to take up fire insurance as 
his field of operation and became a clerk in the 
office of J. J. Mellus & Co., Los Angeles represen- 
tatives of several large fire insurance corpora- 
tions. During the two years he was connected 
with this firm Mr. Howard learned the details of 
the business and in 1901 was selected by the Los 
Angeles agency of the Fire Insurance Association 
of Philadelphia as its cashier. After serving in 
this capacity for a year he was chosen by the 
Aetna Life Insurance Company to take charge of 
its accident insurance department in Los Angeles. 
He remained with this company about six years 
and served in various positions, including those 
of claim adjuster and manager of the liability 
department, which latter he organized. 

In 1908, Mr. Howard resigned his position and 
embarked in the insurance business for himself 
under the title of Volney E. Howard & Co., Incor- 
porated. He engaged in general insurance and 
met with gratifying success from the outset, the 
first two years' writings of his company being 


in excess of one hundred thousand dollars. 
At a later date the firm was changed to How- 
ard & Brundige, and still later, upon the retire- 
ment of his partner, Mr. Howard styled his com- 
pany the Consolidated Agency Company, Incor- 
porated, under which name it has since been 
known. He is the President and General Manager 
of the company and is regarded as one of the suc- 
cessful insurance men of the Pacific Coast. 

Among the companies now represented by Mr. 
Howard's office are the Cali- 
fornia Insurance Company, 
of San Francisco; Occiden- 
tal Life Insurance Company, 
of Los Angeles (Accident 
Department); London Guar- 
antee & Accident Company, 
of London, England; Union 
Marine Insurance Company, 
of Liverpool; Aetna Fire In- 
surance Company (Automo- 
bile Department); London & 
Lancashire Guarantee & Ac- 
cident Company (Burglary 
Department) ; Orient Fire 
Insurance Company, and the 
Pelican Fire Insurance Co. 

An enthusiast for the de- 
velopment of California's 
natural resources and busi- 
ness institutions, Mr. How- 
ard has done a great deal, in 
a personal way, towards in- 
creasing the scope and im- 
portance of California insur- 
ance corporations, and to his 
efforts is due a large amount 
of the business they carry. 
He is a member of the Los 

Angeles Chamber of Commerce. He is particularly 
interested in the completion of the Los Angeles 
Harbor project, having followed its development 
closely from the time he witnessed the first rock 
sunk at the start of building the Breakwater which 
now forms the Outer Harbor. 

Mr. Howard enjoys an unusual personal popu- 
larity among the business men of his city and is 
one of the leading clubmen there. He is noted as 
an athlete and is an ardent advocate of outdoor 
life, for in golf, yachting, etc., he receives his 
chief recreation. He is prominent member of the 
Los Angeles Country Club, and was a member of 
the Board of Directors of that organization, as Sec- 
retary, at the time the club purchased the land 
upon which it is now located. The increase in 
value of this purchase so enriched the club that it 
built one of the handsomest clubhouses in the world. 
He also helped organize the Westmoreland Golf 
Club, later merged with the L. A. Country Club. 

He is member, L. A. Country Club, the L. A. 
Athletic Club and South Coast Yacht Club. 



ELTON, JOHN E., Capitalist, Min- 
ing Interests; Pasadena, Cal., and 
Nevada, was born in the town of 
Delta, Fulton County, Ohio, July 4, 
1857, the son of Benjamin H. and 
Mary Pelton. He married Kate 
Anderson, February 28, 1881, at Denver, Colorado. 
There are four children, Leonora G., Edna D., 
George S., the oldest son, and Herbert E. Pelton. 

Mr. Pelton went to the public schools of Delta 
and to the Hamilton (Ohio) High School until he 
was sixteen. In 1873 he went to Colorado. 

His- career from that time has been full of vicis- 
situdes, with the romantic climax which charac- 
terized so many in the great West. Like most of 
the wealth-seeking young men who went West, he 
became a miner. For a young man of his years he 
showed wonderful enterprise and determination to 
succeed, and began at once to lease and contract, in- 
stead of being satisfied with the pick and shovel 
work of the wage-earning miner. The leases he 
secured proved to be good ones, and before he was 
twenty he became an owner and operator. 

His field of operations in Colorado extended 
from Denver and the great gold and silver fields in 
its immediate vicinity to those of the San Juan and 
Gunnison district in the southern and south- 
western part of the State. Frequently he returned 
to the ground in one mine what he had taken from 
another, and many times the elusive gold vein 
pinched out before him just as he thought it was 
about to yield fortune. But, generally speaking, he 
did well. When a brilliant prospect failed to ma- 
terialize, he worked at modest profit some known 
body of ore. He became an expert on the gold and 
silver ores of the district and ranked with the en- 
gineers in the field. 

Like most miners in Colorado, he was heavily 
interested in silver properties. This was while 
Colorado was the greatest of the silver States, pro- 
ducing more than $30,000,000 annually in that 
metal, and while the money of the United States 
was on a silver as well as gold basis. When silver 
was demonetized in 1893, Mr. Pelton was in posses- 
sion of a number of good silver properties, in the 
Idaho Springs, the Creede, and the Aspen districts, 
where are found the largest deposits of silver ores 
in the world. All these became worse than worth- 
less. And like most Colorado miners, he changed 
his search for silver to a search for gold, and did 
a great deal towards the development of a number 
of the great gold camps of that State. 

After the silver panic, during the McKinley ad- 
ministration, he for a time turned his attention to 
other pursuits. He moved to Montrose in the 
famous Uncompahgre Valley, Colorado, and bought 
a herd of cattle, and went into the cattle business 
on a considerable scale. This was in the wildest 
and most rugged country in America, where 
cattle roam not on the flat and easy prairie, but 
must be followed among the canyons and the crags 
and in the forests next the snow line 12,000 feet 
above the sea level. He also went into fruit grow- 
ing, as it was at that time that the discovery was 
made that the valleys of Western Colorado were 
among the best apple and peach-growing sections 
of America. In the small Uncompahgre community 
he made himself well known politically. 

It was in these days when efforts were being 
made to interest the United States Government in 

the work of reclamation that Mr. Pelton, through 
sheer love of adventure and a comprehensive 
knowledge of the inestimable benefits which would 
accrue by reason of a tunnel through the Gunnison 
Canyon, organized a small crew of men, built a 
float called the City of Montrose, which afterward 
figured largely in the history of that eventful 
period, and undertook to traverse the canyon, a 
feat no man had attempted before. 

This trip, which Mr. Pelton expected would take 
but a few days, took two weeks, and was only 
accomplished after overcoming almost insurmount- 
able obstacles. The feat of traversing this moun- 
tain canyon served, however, to convince Mr. Pel- 
ton that the tunnel project was feasible and he 
immediately undertook, with his customary energy, 
to set the wheels in motion. It was largely through 
Mr. Pelton's tireless efforts that the Government 
was induced to take up the work of digging the 
Gunnison Tunnel, which enterprise has since been 
completed, diverting one of the greatest rivers of 
the West through a mountain range into another 
valley. He was rewarded for his large public-spirit 
and political activity by President McKinley, who 
appointed him Receiver of Public Moneys for the 
United States at Montrose. 

The Goldfield excitement had largely subsided 
and had gone through the period of wild catting and 
stock jobbing when Mr. Pelton saw his opportunity 
in Nevada, and left Colorado in 1907, moving to 

It is from this date that the most interesting 
part of Mr. Pelton's history begins. With the capi- 
tal he had, he began securing promising properties. 
He did well, but made no startling profits until he 
met a well known prospector in the National dis- 
trict who wished to sell a location which did 
not seem to indicate more than did a hundred 
others in the neighborhood. He wanted $20,000 for 
the prospect. Mr. Pelton saw with his experienced 
eyes that the expenditure of this sum would be 
likely to prove a good investment and he made the 
initial payment at once. 

Within two weeks from that time an almost 
solid body of gold ore was uncovered on an adjoin- 
ing claim with the result that the man who sold 
Mr. Pelton the National mine and those who were 
associated with him took steps to get the property 

It was now that all of Mr. Pelton's resourceful- 
ness and business sagacity were called into play 
and for the next few months an absorbing business 
drama was played with the entire West as the 
stage and a number of well known mining men as 
the leading characters. Mr. Pelton finally tri- 
umphed, and he found himself in possession of 
what has since proved to be one of the bonanza 
mines of Nevada. 

Up to 1913, over five million dollars in gold has 
been taken from this mine and it is still a heavy 
producer, promising to so continue indefinitely. 
It has made this modest, unassuming Westerner 
one of the bonanza kings of the country, as the 
mine is held at an enormous valuation aside from 
what it has already yielded. 

Mr. Pelton moved from Nevada to Pasadena in 
January, 1911, purchasing one of the beautiful 
homes in the city by the foothills. Here in this 
congenial atmosphere of beauty and refinement he 
and his family are living quietly. 



TON, Surgeon, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Lin- 
coln, Missouri, November 12, 
1864, the son of Eli C. 
Thomas and Eleanor (Wainwright) Thomas. 
He married Elsie Beckon at Spokane, Wash- 
ington, November 6, 1902. 

Dr. Thomas received his early education 
in the public schools of 
his native town and fol- 
lowed this with a two- 
year course at the Mis- 
souri State Normal 
School at Warrensburg, 
graduating with a certifi- 
cate as teacher. He taught 
in the schools of Missouri 
during the session of 
1883-84 and moved at 
that time to Oregon. 

He entered the medical 
department of the Uni- 
versity of Oregon and 
was graduated in 1888, 
having spent the last 
year of his studies in the 
University Hospital. 
Shortly after his gradua- 
tion he went to Wilbur, 
Washington, where he 
became head of the Med- 
ical Department of the 
Central Washington 
Railroad, then in course 
of construction- After re- 
maining at Wilbur for 
about eighteen months he was transferred 
to Fairhaven, Washington, and remained 
there in charge of the company's medical af- 
fairs for about three years. At the end of 
that time he moved to Everett, Washing- 
ton, where he remained until 1896. 

During these eight years Dr. Thomas de- 
voted several months of each to special 
study and post graduate work, thus keeping 
apace of medical progress despite his loca- 
tion in an undeveloped section of the 

In 1896 Dr. Thomas located in Spokane, 
Washington, where he specialized in surgery 
and for fourteen and a half years was one 
of the leading surgeons in the North- 
western section of the United States. Dur- 
ing this period he was chief surgeon for St. 
Luke's Hospital and performed thousands of 

Aside from his professional work, Dr. 


Thomas was actively engaged in the bank- 
ing and real estate business in Spokane and 
occupied a leading position among the busi- 
ness men of that city. 

In the year 1910 Dr. Thomas visited Los 
Angeles and, deciding to make his future 
home there, sold out his banking interests 
in Spokane, although he retained his real 
estate holdings in the northern city. He 
opened offices in Los An- 
geles in August of the 
same year and has been 
engaged in surgical prac- 
tice there since. 

As in Spokane, Dr. 
Thomas invaded the 
banking field in Southern 
California shortly after 
his ai rival there. He be- 
gan by purchasing the 
Merchants' National Bank 
of Santa Monica, Cali- 
fornia, a suburb of Los 
Angeles, and has occu- 
pied the office of Presi- 
dent of the institution 
since that time. He has 
added enterprises to this 
and is also the holder of 
a large amount of real 
estate in and about Los 
Angeles, so that within 
the short space of two 
years he came to be rec- 
ognized as one of the 
most active factors in 
the financial operations 
of the great Southwest. 

Although he has devoted a large portion 
of his time to business affairs, Dr- Thomas 
also has steadily maintained his surgical 
practice and is a member of the various pro- 
fessional societies, including the Los An- 
geles County Medical Society, the Medical 
Society of the State of California and the 
American Medical Association. The doctor 
has also contributed occasionally papers to 
the medical publications on subjects in 

The doctor is a believer in the future of 
Southern California and has joined with the 
forces engaged in the development of Los 
Angeles and surrounding territory, now in 
the midst of a growth regarded by experts 
as one of the most phenomenal in the history 
of the United States. 

He is a member of the University Club 
of Los Angeles. 



Estate, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Leverett, Massachu- 
setts, October 30, 1840, the son of 
De Estang Salisbury Field and 
Editha (Crocker) Field. He mar- 
ried Sarah M. Hubbard, daughter of one of the pio- 
neers of Indianapolis, Indiana, at Indianapolis, June 
6, 1866, and to them there were born three sons 
and four daughters. Two of the sons died in in- 
fancy and the remaining one, 
Edward Salisbury Field, Jr., 
is a noted author and artist, 
known as an artist by the 
nom de plume of "Childe 
Harold." The eldest daugh- 
ter, Helen, is the wife of 
Murray M. Harris of Los An- 
geles; the second daughter, 
Edith, is the wife of Howard 
L. Rivers, a Los Angeles mer- 
chant; the third daughter, 
Carrie, is unmarried, living 
with her parents at 685 Cor- 
onado street, and the young- 
est, Florence, is the wife of 
Harold L. Wright of San 

Mr. Field is descended 
from a notable New England 
family whose members on 
both sides of the house have 
played a prominent part in 
the development of the coun- 
try. His father was born on 
the homestead at Leverett, 
August 24, 1813, and died at 
the residence of his son in 
Los Angeles, March 7, 1900. 

His mother died at Monson, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 17, 1888, and he is the only survivor of five 
children born to them. 

Early in his life Mr. Field's family removed from 
Leverett to Amherst, Mass., where he received fair 
education in the public schools. At the age of 
eighteen he entered upon a five-year apprenticeship 
to learn the book and paper business. For the first 
year he received $50 and the second year $75, out 
of which he had to keep himself. A part of the 
five years he was at Amherst and Springfield, Mass., 
and the balance of the time at Troy, New York. 

In 1864 Mr. Field went to Indianapolis, Ind., and 
for a number of years was a partner in the firm 
of Merrill & Field, law publishers and booksellers. 
He was active in Christian work there, serving as 
an Elder in the Second Presbyterian Church, and as 
President of the Young Men's Christian Assn. 

Leaving Indianapolis in June, 1883, Mr. Field 
transferred his home to Los Angeles and has lived 
there since, taking a prominent part in the civic 


life and upbuilding of that part of the country. 
He served two terms on the Board of County Su- 
pervisors, being elected the first time in 1894, and 
the second time in 1898, he being the first Repub- 
lican supervisor elected to succeed himself. He was 
chairman of the board for two years and chairman 
of the County Hospital for six years, during two 
years of which he also served on the County Farm 
Committee, the two most important in the board. 
Mr. Field has been in the real estate business since 
locating in Los Angeles and is 
today one of the active opera- 
tors, despite the fact that he 
is past seventy years of age. 
In 1886 he subdivided what 
is known as the E. S. Field 
Occidental Heights tract, ten 
acres of which was given to 
Occidental College, a Presby- 
terian institution. Upon this 
land the first buildings of the 
college were erected, Mr. 
Field being one of the incor- 
porators and, for several 
years, President of the Board 
of Trustees of the college. 

In his realty operations 
Mr. Field has been interested 
in the development of numer- 
ous beautiful residence sec- 
tions in and around Los An- 
geles, among them the Holly- 
wood Ocean View tract, Ar- 
lington Heights tract, and the 
Short Line Beach Land Com- 
pany, of which latter he is 
President; and the Pacific 
Wharf & Storage Company, 
of San Pedro, California. He 

is or has been connected with various other enter- 
prises of a development nature. 

Mr. Field, who cast his first vote for Abraham 
Lincoln for President of the United States, has al- 
ways been a Republican in politics, and has been a 
pioneer in business, moral and educational enter- 
prises. As in the days when he was in Indianapolis, 
he has been an ardent worker in the cause of 
Christianity. For several years he was an Elder 
in the First Presbyterian Church of Los Angeles, a 
Director in the Young Men's Christian Association 
and a member of the State Executive Committee of 
the Young Men's Christian Association. His voice 
has often been heard from the platform in the in- 
terest of the Association and he has often been 
helpful in laying foundations upon which others 
have built and largely received the reward. 

Mr. Field's only affiliations outside of his busi- 
ness and Christian associations, are those of the 
Union League Club of Los Angeles, and the Royal 



ant to the President, and acting 
head of the United Railroads, San 
Francisco, California, was born 
at Columbia, S. C., January 17, 
1868, the son of Francis P. and 
Elizabeth K. (Adger) Mullally. His father, an Irish- 
man by birth, was a distinguished Presbyterian 
clergyman of South Carolina, while his mother was 
an Adger, an old Southern family of that State. 
Their son Thornwell came to 
San Francisco from New 
York in 1906. 

Mr. Mullally attended 
Adger College, S. C., the Uni- 
versity of South Carolina and 
the Hopkins Grammar 
School, New Haven, Conn. 
He was graduated from Yale 
in '92. While here he was 
an editor of the Yale Litera- 
ry Magazine, a member of 
the "Scroll and Key" Senior 
Society, and represented 
Yale in a debate against 
Harvard in 1892. The faculty 
awarded him the Thomas 
Glasby Waterman prize for 
scholarship, which was given 
to the man who, in addition 
to his general high scholar- 
ship, in the opinion of the 
faculty, gave the best prom- 
ise for the future. He was 
graduated from the New 
York Law School and sup- 
plemented that course at the 
Law School of the University 
of Virginia, following which 
he was admitted to the bar of New York City and 
became a member of the firm of Atterbury & 

Until early in the year 1906 Mr. Mullally was an 
active practitioner in New York, where he became 
identified with important interests connected with 
his legal duties, as well as independent of them. 
But, although he established in that city a reputa- 
tion for legal and executive ability, he was destined 
to play a leading part elsewhere as assistant to the 
president of the United Railroads of San Francisco. 
He moved to that city in 1906. 

As a record of achievement, both during and im- 
mediately following the earthquake and fire of 
April 18, 1906, the work of the United Railroads, 
as represented by its acting head, Thornwell Mul- 
lally, is unique in the annals of industrial accom- 
plishment. From the first moment of realization 
of what was happening he was the personification 
of courage, energy and decision. Almost immedi- 
ately he recognized the immense responsibility 
resting upon him, and through all the confusion 


and obstruction of the days that followed he was 
obsessed with the sense of his duty to restore the 
transportation of the city of San Francisco. 

Mr. Mullally was appointed a member of the 
Committee of Fifty, which temporarily took over 
the government of the city. He converted numbers 
of his uniformed carmen into patrolmen, who proved 
very effective in preventing disorder. As chairman 
of the transportation committee of the Committee 
of Fifty he was able to aid materially in the re- 
moval of debris and upbuild- 
ing the city, and by his he- 
roic efforts in saving some 
of the power houses from 
fire and dynamite and in 
pushing forward the work of 
reconstruction of the lines, it 
was possible not only to con- 
tinue a small part of the car 
service the day after the 
quake, but also, after the 
temporary cessation, to run 
the first car on Saturday, 
April 21st, or three days after 
the first shock. Through the 
Mayor, he placed the entire 
car service at the disposal of 
the city, and for days passen- 
gers were carried free of 
charge. He also brought in 
the first lot of food supplies 
to reach the city. To quote 
from General Greely's report: 
"Considering the difficulties 
encountered, the most re- 
markable accomplishment of 
reconstruction and re-estab- 
lishment of car service 
known in street railway his- 
tory was here exemplified by the United Railroads 
of San Francisco." 

Mr. Mullally has continued, in Mr. Calhoun's 
absence, to act as the latter's representative and 
head of the corporation. The property, it is con- 
ceded even by its enemies, is magnificently admin- 
istered. The rolling stock is of the highest grade 
and the service of the finest. He has taken an active 
part in the commercial and social life of the city, 
wherein he is known for his positive character, 
courtesy and tact. He is also a prominent and 
popular member of the leading clubs and associa- 
tions, both here and elsewhere, among them the 
University Club and Bar Association of New York, 
and the Pacific-Union, Bohemian, Family and Uni- 
versity Clubs of San Francisco. 

Mr. Mullally is a director of the Panama-Pacific 
International Exposition, a member of its various 
committees, acting director of concessions, and 
was active in Washington in securing recognition 
of the Exposition by the United States Govern- 



Engineer, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at Elgin, Illinois, June 
30, 1851, the son of Paul Raymond 
Wright and Emily (Harvey) 
Wright. Mr. Wright has been 
twice married, his first wife having been Lucy Nich- 
olson, whom he married at Cobden, Illinois, Decem- 
ber 11, 1873. Of this union there were born three 
children, George, Charles and Grace, the latter now 
deceased. On March 5, 1912, 
twelve years after the death 
of his first wife, Mr. Wright 
married Capitola B. Wenzil, 
at San Diego, California. 

Mr. Wright received his 
primary education in the 
common schools of his native 
city and later attended Elgin 
Academy, but did not com- 
plete the course there, leav- 
ing at the age of nineteen 
years to enter business. 

At that time (1870) he 
went to New Orleans, Louis- 
iana, and was appointed 
Journal Clerk of the State 
Senate of Louisiana. He re- 
mained there during one ses- 
sion of the Legislature, re- 
signing at the end of six 
months' service to return to 
his home in Illinois. He 
spent the balance of the year 
on his father's 'arm. In 1871 
he made plans to go to Colo- 
rado and learn the stock- 
raising business. After one 
year of hardship and cold he 
changed his mind and went 
to Indianapolis, Indiana, 
where he took up the study 
of landscape architecture in 
the office of Cleveland & 
French. After studying the 

profession Mr. Wright represented Cleveland & 
French for about two years in various parts of the 
United States, the principal office being in St. Paul, 

In 1874, Mr. Wright went to Chicago, and .opene-1 
offices with his brother, George F. Wright, as Civil 
Engineers and Surveyors. They had hardly estab- 
lished themselves, however, when Mr. Wright's 
health became impaired and he sought the more 
congenial climate of Southern California. Locating 
in Los Angeles in the early part of 1875, Mr. Wright 
established offices as Civil Engineer and Surveyor 
and has -since continued in that branch of the 
profession. He has been honored with public office 
on frequent occasions. 

Mr. Wright, during his long career in Los An- 
geles, has taken an active part in the development 
of the city and vicinity and is regarded as one of 
the real upbuilders of the Southwest. He has 
figured as engineer or surveyor in numerous large 
land operations, his first large contract having been 
the surveying of the Morris Vinevard Tract in Los 
Angeles for the Hon. H. K. S. O'Melveny, one of the 
pioneers of the city. This tract, located at Pico 
and Main streets, is now in the center of the mod- 
ern business district of Los Angeles. Another im- 
portant work done by Mr. Wright during the first 


years of his residence in Los Angeles was the 
survey and construction of an irrigation canal, 
known as the "Cajon Ditch," which supplies water 
from the Santa Ana River to the Anaheim ranch 
district near Los Angeles. He also designed and 
surveyed the Evergreen Cemetery of Los Angeles, 
a picturesque tract in the eastern part of the city. 
Mr. Wright, in 1883, was part owner and one of 
the surveyors of the Watts Subdivision, a vast tract 
north of the city, which at that time included Glen- 
dale, Tropico and Eagle 
Rock, three beautiful and 
well populated suburbs of Los 
Angeles. These sections were 
originally owned between 
several of the early Spanish 
settlers and became historic 
ranches before progress de- 
manded their sub-division. 

In 1885, about the time he 
was completing this work, 
Mr. Wright, in company with 
three others, purchased 7000 
acres of land in Cucamonga, 
California, now a thriving ag- 
ricultural center, and in- 
stalled modern improvements 
which formed the basis of 
the present town. 

Mr. Wright's work in Los 
Angeles, combined with his 
staunch support of the Re- 
publican party, won him po- 
litical consideration early in 
his career. In 1879, within 
four years of his arrival, he 
was elected County Survey- 
or and served in that office 
until 1882, a period of many 
public improvements in and 
around the city. In 1882 he 
was elected a member of 
the Board of Education and 
served as such for two 
years, his associates being 

Frank A. Gibson, George S. Patten, J. M. Elliott 
and W. G. Cochran, all important factors in the 
history of Los Angeles. 

In 1884, Mr. Wright was elected County Sur- 
veyor a second time and served until 1886, at 
which time he retired from public life temporarily 
to attend to his private affairs. In 1895, however, 
he was again called out of retirement by his party 
and was elected County Surveyor for the third 
time. Upon the expiration of his term in 1898 he 
refused to run again and he has been engaged in 
private work since that time. 

Mr. Wright's various administrations as County 
Surveyor were marked by numerous improvements 
which contributed to the progress and growth of 
the city and county. 

In addition to his professional activities, Mr. 
Wright has been a factor in the social life of Los 
.Angeles for many years and was among the 
fourriprs of what are today the leading clubs 
of the city. He was a charter member of the 
Jonathan Club, the California Club and the Union 
League Club, but has resigned from the latter 
two. He has boen a member of the American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers for twenty-seven years 
and is also a member of the Engineers and Archi- 
tects' Association of Los Angeles. 




LAUSON, JAMES, Capitalist, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at 
Austin, Nevada, Oct. 7, 1865. His 
father was Jonathan Sayre Slau- 
son and his mother Sarah R. 
(Blum) Slauson. He moved to 
California when a child, settling in San Francisco 
in 1870, went to Los Angeles in 1874, where he 
has since resided. 

In 1880 he began his business career when he 
entered the Los Angeles County Bank, since dis- 
incorporated. He remained with this banking firm 
for five years. 

He accepted the secretaryship of the Azusa 
Land and Water Company in 1885. In 1890 he set 
out six hundred acnes of orchard land, owned now 
by the Azusa Foothill Citrus Company, of which he 
is president, and from that time has been develop- 
ing agricultural undertakings in connection with 
his banking interests. 

Mr. Slauson has been identified with agricul- 
tural pursuits in Southern California for many 
years, and his work in dealing with big land or- 
ganizations and in promoting agricultural enter- 
prises has been uniformly successful. He is ac- 
tively interested in a number of corporate organi- 
zations, among which are the following: Azusa 
Foothill Citrus Company, president; Azusa Agri- 
cultural Water Company, president; First National 
Bank, Azusa, director; Equitable Savings Bank, 
Los Angeles, director; Western Union Oil Com- 
pany, director; Sixth Agricultural Association, di- 
rector; Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, presi- 

He is a director of the California Club, vice 
president of the Bolsa Chico Gun Club, active mem- 
ber Los Angeles Country Club, Annandale Country 
Club, University Club and Sunset Club, of which he 
was president in 1910. He is a director and treas- 
urer of the Los Angeles Symphony Association. 


ELLER, DANA REID, Attorney-at- 
Law, Los Angeles, California, was 
born in Oneoto, Superior County, 
Minnesota, March 24, 1874. His 
father was Levi W. Weller and his 
mother Cordelia (Woods) Weller. 
He married Jessica Rhodes in Los Angeles, Cal., 
October 14, 1897. To them was born a daughter, 
Katherine Weller. 

Mr. Weller was taken to Los Angeles when he 
was an infant. He received his education in the 
grammar schools of Los Angeles, Los Angeles High 
School, and finally in the Los Angeles Normal. 

Upon leaving school, Mr. Weller entered the of- 
fice of his present partner, John T. Jones, as a 
stenographer and student. This was in August, 
1903. He read law for approximately two years, 
and in April, 1895, he was admitted to the bar by 
the Supreme Court of California. In 1899 he was 
admitted to practice before the District and Circuit 
Courts of the United States in 1899. With his ad- 
mission to the bar Mr. Weller was taken into part- 
nership by Mr. Jones, and the firm has continued 
down to date under the title of Jones and Weller. 
In addition to his legal work, Mr. Weller is in- 
terested in various business organizations. Also he 
is a conspicuous figure in the military circles of 
Los Angeles. He served through the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war as Major of the Seventh California Infan- 
try, U. S. Volunteers, his service continuing from 
May to December, 1898; from Sept. 16, 1899, to June 
30, 1901, he was captain of the Forty-fourth U. S. 
Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, the latter service being 
in the Philippines. 

Mr. Weller is a member of the Union League 
Club of Los Angeles, of which organization he was 
president in 1909; Chamber of Commerce, San Ga- 
briel Country Club, Los Angeles City Club, United 
Spanish War Veterans, Roosevelt Camp No. 9, and 
Grand Master of Masons in California in 1911. 




Physician and Banker, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in 
York County, Pennsylvania, on 
November 18, 1844. His parents 
were Dr. Joseph Hayward and 
Sally (Brearley) Hayward. He was married 
to Julia Dibble on April 22, 1897, in San Francisco. 
Dr. Hayward has eight children by a former mar- 
riage; Julia Brearley Hayward being the daughter 
of the present Mrs. Hayward. 

Dr. Hayward attended the Cumberland Valley 
Institute at Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, from 
1855 to 1858. He then studied in the Medical De- 
partment of the Georgetown University, Washing- 
ton, D. C., from which he graduated. 

From October, 1864, to April, 1865, Dr. Hayward 
served as Hospital Steward in the United States 
Army, under Colonel L. A. Edwards, who on being 
detailed as Chief Medical Officer of the Bureau 
of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, ap- 
pointed him Chief Clerk of the Medical Depart- 
ment of the Bureau. 

Dr. Hayward spent most of the time of 1869 and 
1871 regaining his health which had become im- 
paired, but in 1871 he settled in Delaware County, 
near Philadelphia and practiced medicine until 
1893, when his health again became impaired and 
he had to finally relinquish his practice. He came 
to Los Angeles in December, 1894, and became a 
permanent resident. He engaged in the oil busi- 
ness first, as secretary and treasurer of the Coalin- 
ga Oil Company and subsequently as director in the 
Reed Crude and Rice Ranch Oil Companies. In 
1898 Dr. Hayward became interested in real estate 
investments and in 1906 retired from all active 
business pursuits. He is a director of the Security 
Savings Bank and the Merchants' Bank and Trust 
Company. He is a member of the Los Angeles 
Country and the University Clubs. 


RESHAM, WALTER, Attorney-at- 
law, Galveston, Texas, was born 
July 22, 1841, in King and Queen 
County, Virginia, the son of Ed- 
ward Gresham and Isabella 
(Mann) Gresham. He married 
Josephine C. Mann at Galveston, October 28, 1868. 
There were born nine children, Edward (deceased), 
Estha, Walter (deceased), William (deceased), Jos- 
ephine C., T. Dew, Frank S., Beulah and Philip. 

Prior to 1857, he attended the Stevensville 
Academy in his native county, then entered Edge- 
hill Academy, remaining until early in 1861, when 
he enlisted in the Confederate Army. He quit the 
army and entered the University of Virginia, but 
re-enlisted the following spring. After a year he 
returned to the University and stayed there until 
he received his degree of B. L., June, 1863. A 
third time he joined the Confederate forces and 
remained until the surrender at Appomatox in 1865, 
serving in the 9th and 24th Virginia Cavalry. 

The year following the war's close he went to 
Galveston and began law practice, taking an active 
part in politics. He served in the 20th, 21st and 22d 
Legislatures of Texas and the 53d Congress, secur- 
ing the Congressional appropriation which made 
Galveston a deep water port. He was on the com- 
mittee which formulated the commission form of 
government for Galveston and obtained from the 
Legislature the tax donation, which provided that 
city's protective works against floods. He was 
Pres. Trans-Mississippi Commercial Congress and 
Vice Pres. Nat. Rivers and Harbors Congress. 

Mr. Gresham was in various partnerships, the 
last being with his son Walter, who died in 1905. In 
addition to his legal practice, he is president of the 
Galveston and Western Railway, and formerly sec- 
ond vice president and director of the Gulf, Colo- 
rado and Santa Fe Railway and director of the 
Galveston, La Porte and Houston Railway. 






ney and General Counsel for the 
United Railroads, San Francisco, 
California, was born in Monroe 
County, Missouri, December 29, 
1857, the son of Jacob Harrison 
Ford and Mary Winn (Abernathy) Ford. He comes 
from a long line of agricultural forbears and was 
himself born on a farm. In the first ship that 
sailed from Holland to Virginia, in January, 1700, 
was a band of French Huguenots whom William, 
Prince of Orange, after he became King of Eng- 
land, had invited to make their home in America, 
and among these first French immigrants were 
Pierre Faure (later called Peter Ford), his wife 
and child, his brother, Daniel, and his two sisters. 
From the time that this Pierre Faure first settled 
on his allotted land along the James River, in Vir- 
ginia, to the death of Jacob Harrison Ford, father 
of the subject of this sketch, in Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, in November, 1908, his American ancestors 
have been tillers of the soil. Mr. Ford married 
Miss Emma Byington, daughter of the Hon. Lewis 
Byington, one of the leading pioneers of Sierra 
County, in Downieville, California, February 1, 
1888. To them were born three children Relda 
(now Mrs. Fred V. F. Stott) and Byington, and 
Tirey Lafayette Ford, Jr. 

The phrase "born," or "raised on the farm" has 
been elevated in America from a term somewhat 
jocular to one of something like distinction, such 
is the character of the men chiefly responsible for 
the elevation. And from milking cows at daybreak, 
husking corn and performing other feats on some 
cultivated acres, even though the latter be situated 
in the Show-Me State of Missouri, to an attorney 
generalship and the post of general counsel of 
one of the richest corporations in the country is a 
progression that doesn't mar the acquired nature 
of the foregoing phrase. This, in brief, is the ca- 
reer, at a glance, of General Ford. 

The district school of the county, 1863 to 1873, 
and the higii school, from which he was graduated 
in 1876, gave him his early education. During these 
years, however, he worked at night and on Sat- 
urdays "doing chores" to pay his expenses, and on 
the other weekdays rode his father's mules to the 

When he was 19 years of age he reached Cali- 
fornia via an emigrant train, February 11, 1877, 
and started his Western life as a ranch hand in 
the Sacramento Valley. This healthful, if not 
especially remunerative, occupation held him in 
Butte and Colusa counties for the next two years. 
But on January 1, 1880, stimulated by the posses- 
sion of a few hundred dollars he had accumulated, 
and by a legal ambition he had perchance inherited 
from his mother's father, an attorney, he began the 
study of the law in the office of Colonel Park Hen- 
shaw at Chico. Less than three years of this suf- 
ficed to fit him for admittance to the bar, in August, 

The outlook he found on his return to Chico, 
however, was not brilliant. With neither office, 
money nor clients he became depressed and wrote 
to his father for a little financial encouragement. 
The sire answered in a letter full of wise advice, 
but lacking the more substantial stimulus. As the 
son was not of the quitting variety, however, he 
managed to make his way to Oroville, where he 

hung out his shingle, and, pending the desired lure 
thereof, helped his little income by keeping books 
for some of the merchants of the town. 

In January, 1885, he moved to Downieville, 
where his legal efforts met with a little better re- 
ward. His progress thenceforward was rapid, 
marked by his election in 1888, and again in 1890, 
to the District Attorneyship of Sierra County, to 
the State Senate in 1892, wherein he served from 
1893 to 1895, and, on his change of residence to 
San Francisco, by his appointment to the attorney- 
ship of the State Board of Harbor Commissioners. 

In all these offices he made a brilliant record. 
As a Senator he had the special distinction of vot- 
ing, with only one colleague, against the "free and 
unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1," 
and as attorney for the Harbor Commission solved 
the difficult legal problem, thereby giving to San 
Francisco the area known as Channel street, now 
a part of the city's harbor. 

In January, 1899, after considerable opposition 
frem the regular Republican organization, so called, 
he became Attorney General of California. The 
policy to which he adhered throughout his term he 
outlined to his deputies thus: "With lawmaking and 
with State policies this office has nothing to do. 
The Governor and the Legislature will attend to 
that. Our business is to know the law, to dis- 
close it as we find it and to protect and maintain 
the State's legal rights." 

Among his noteworthy acts in this capacity 
was his argument on rehearing before the Supreme 
Court whereby he secured a reversal of the former 
decision touching the inheritance tax on the Le- 
land Stanford estate and thus converted the $250,- 
000 involved to the use of the public schools of 
San Francisco. 

General Ford's appointment, in August, 1902, as 
general counsel for the United Railroads obliged 
him to resign his Attorney Generalship. To insure 
the continuance of the office on the plane he him- 
self had chosen, he selected for his successor his 
friend and former mountain neighbor, U. S. Webb, 
at that time the District Attorney of Plumas 
County. In this instance he triumphed again over 
the opposition of the so-called regular Republican 

In April, 1905, after some hesitation, he accepted 
the appointment from Governor Pardee to member- 
ship on the State Board of Prison Directors. Here, 
too, his work has been distinguished by the same 
system of thoroughness he had applied to all his 
previous offices. His creation of the special bureau 
for paroled prisoners, by means of which 985 pris- 
oners have been paroled, and his able and elab- 
orate report on the principal reformatories in the 
United States have added not a little lustre to his 
record as a public officer. 

General Ford is a member of the Pacific Union, 
Bohemian, Union League, Press, Transportation, 
Commercial, Amaurot and Southern Clubs, as well 
as of the American Academy of Political and Social 
Sciences of Philadelphia, the American Prison As- 
sociation, the American Humane Association and 
the Golden Gate Commandery, K. T. For many 
years he has been one of the trustees of the Me- 
chanics' Institute. He is also a golf enthusiast and 
characteristically has reduced his operations on the 
links to a system. 



KEEN, BURTON E., Presi- 
dent, Amalgamated Oil Co. of 
Los Angeles, Cal., was born 
in Wisconsin, Sept. 6, 1868, 
his parents being Richard 
Green and Amanda Hill (Bush) Green. 
On January 14, 1905, Mr. Green mar- 
ried Miss Lilian Wellborn, a daughter of 
Judge Olin Wellborn, U. S. Dist. Judge. 
They have two little 
daughters, Dorothy and 

As a boy he attended 
the public schools of 
Wisconsin and the Beav- 
er Dam Academy of the 
same State. In 1886 his 
parents moved to Califor- 
nia, and in 1889 he grad- 
uated from the High 
School of Los Angeles. 

Soon after his gradua- 
tion he went to Redlands 
and became interested in 
orange culture, which he 
pursued successfully for 
five years. This occupa- 
tion did not afford suf- 
ficient activity and he re- 
turned to Los Angeles to 
seek a larger field of busi- 
ness possibilities. 

At this time the oil 
industry seemed to offer 
the greatest opportuni- 
ties, and associating him- 
self with M. H. Whittier 
they entered the oil business under the firm 
name of Green & Whittier. Mr. Whittier, 
as a practical oil operator, looked after the 
drilling operations, while Mr. Green attended 
to the administrative and financial portion of 
the business. The first operations confined to 
the Los Angeles field were undertaken with 
excellent judgment and satisfactory results. 
After drilling one of the first wells in the 
Coalinga district, because of greater activity 
in the Kern River district they transferred 
their operations to the vicinity of Bakersfield, 
and soon had a splendid production. The 
Green & Whittier Oil Co. was one of the 
three original companies which were com- 
bined to form the Associated Oil Co. Mr. 
Green was elected director and member of the 
executive committee, and is still one of its 
board of directors. The Associated Oil Co. 
probably does the largest volume of business 
of any oil company on the Pacific Coast. 


In 1905 the Amalgamated Oil Co. was 
formed, with activities confined principally to 
Southern California, where it does the bulk 
of the oil business. Soon after its formation 
Mr. Green was elected president, and still 
fills this position. He is also largely interest- 
ed in and president of the Belridge Oil Co., 
one of the newer oil companies, which, on ac- 
count of its tremendous holdings of 32,000 
acres in the rich Lost 
Hills district, promises to 
be an important factor in 
the oil business of the 

Aside from his oil in- 
terests he is largely inter- 
ested in the Booth-Kelly 
Lumber Co., a corpora- 
tion owning approximate- 
ly 200,000 acres of excel- 
lent timber land in Ore- 
gon and a number of large 
mills, near several ot 
which it has been instru- 
mental in building up 
towns. Mr. Green is also 
the largest stockholder in 
the Rodeo Land & Water 
Co., a corporation owning 
a valauble tract of about 
3000 acres of land near 
Los Angeles. A portion 
of it has been subdivided 
and, as Beverly Hills, is 
known as one of the most 
exclusive subdivisions in 
Southern California. 

Outdoor life appeals strongly to Mr. 
Green, and whenever his business affairs per- 
mit he indulges in hunting, fishing, golf and 
motoring. As a member of the Bolsa Chica 
Gun Club, the Flatrock Club (whose grounds 
are in Idaho) and the San Ysidro Rancho Co. 
of Mexico, he has ample opportunity to grat- 
ify his shooting and fishing proclivities, while 
his membership in the Los Angeles and San 
Francisco Country clubs give him access to 
the best links to test out his prowess as a 

His enjoyment of club life is further evi- 
denced by his membership in the California 
Club, the Jonathan Club and Crags Country 
Club of Los Angeles, and the Pacific Union 
Club and the Bohemian Club of San Fran- 

In all of his clubs he has a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances among whom he is 
most pleasantly and favorably known. 


President of the Pacific Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company, 
attorney and financier, Los 
Angeles, Cal., was born in 
Oshawa, Province of Ontario, Canada, 
on July 1, 1863, son of Rev. George 
Cochran, D. D., and Catherine Lynch (Da- 
vidson) Cochran. Mr. Cochran has been 
twice married. His first 
wife was Alice Maud Mc- 
Clung, whom he wedded 
in Canada on August 6, 
1890; his second wife was 
a sister of the first, 
Isabelle May McClung, 
and was married to Mr. 
Cochran in Los Angeles 
on April 3, 1907. 

His education was had 
in private schools in To- 
kyo, Japan ; Collegiate 
Institute, Toronto, and 
the University of To- 
ronto ; he was admitted 
as barrister-at-law at Os- 
good Hall, Toronto, 
shortly after graduation, 
and was admitted to prac- 
tice in the Supreme Court 
of California in February, 
1888, the year of his ar- 
rival in Los Angeles, 
where he has since made 
his home and the scene of 
his busy career. 

His primary occupa- 


tion of the practice of law, combined with 
long and studious visits to Europe and the 
Orient, served to prepare his mind and de- 
velop his mentality for the tasks which they 
were to undertake ; qualities which were fur- 
ther strengthened by an inheritance of strong 
character and rectitude from his forbears ; his 
father was a most prominent religious factor 
in Toronto, and his mother was a descendant 
of the Wesleys, the founders of the Metho- 
dist Church ; it is thus an atavistic trait of 
Mr. Cochran to display those qualities of 
conscience and of righteousness which carry 
conviction of his honesty and capacity. 

A recital of his financial positions will 
serve to show the scope of his business activ- 
ity: He is president of the Pacific Mutual 
Life Insurance Co., president of the Pacific 
Mutual Indemnity Co., director of the Los 
Angeles Trust and Savings Bank, director of 
the Southern California Edison Co., director 

of the Broadway Bank & Trust Co., director 
of the Anglo-California Trust Co. of San 
Francisco, president of the Rosedale Ceme- 
tery Association of Los Angeles, director of 
the Rindge Land & Navigating Co., president 
of the Holland Land & Water Co., director of 
the Empire Navigation Co., president of the 
Southern California Cremation Society, direc- 
tor of the Seaside Water Co., vice president 

of the Maclay Rancho 

Water Co., and interest- 
ed as investor in a myr- 
iad of other enterprises. 

But a formal recital 
of the positions attained 
by Mr. Cochran make a 
faint reflection of his po- 
tency and activity in 
business affairs. 

As president of the 
Pacific Mutual Life In- 
surance Co., Mr. Cochran 
finds himself the execu- 
tive of one of the great 
insurance associations of 
the country; one that 
originated in the West, 
but which has been con- 
ducted with such acumen 
and wisdom as to have 
become one of the fore- 
most financial institutions 
of the country. His life 
insurance company car- 
ries over $20,000,000 of 
investments, supervised 
and directed by him ; when 

added to this duty are the immense details of 
his other enterprises, the fact that he is able to 
conduct all of this business without the os- 
tentation of exclusiveness that surrounds 
most great financiers, and that he has main- 
tained a simplicity and directness of method 
which marked his earlier years, the steadfast- 
ness and reliability of the man become ap- 
parent. He was a member of the Los Angeles 
City Charter Commission in 1893, is a trustee 
of the State Normal School at Los Angeles, 
is a member of the Republican County Cen- 
tral Committee; he is a trustee of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and trustee and 
treasurer of the University of So. California. 
He belongs to the California, Jonathan, 
University, Los Angeles Athletic, Los An- 
geles Country and Union League clubs, and 
Federation of Clubs of Los Angeles ; also the 
Pacific Union and the Bohemian clubs of San 


HARRISON, Banker, Los 
Angeles, Cal., was born at St. 
Louis, Mo., July 27, 1863. His 
father was Samuel Newton 
Holliday and his mother Maria (Fithian) 
Holliday. He married Flora Adeline Bald- 
win at Los Angeles, October 30, 1889, and to 
them was born one child, Maria Louise Hol- 
liday. Mr. Holliday re- 
ceived his early education 
in the schools of St. Louis 
and upon completion of 
his studies there went to 
Phillips Exeter Academy 
to prepare for university 
work. Graduating from 
the Academy in 1881 he 
entered Harvard Univer- 
sity the following year 
and was graduated in 
1886. Upon completion 
of his education Mr. Hol- 
liday went on a tour of 
Europe. He remained 
abroad for an entire year, 
visiting practically every 
place of interest in the 
Old World, and then re- 
turned to the United 

His first employment 
was in a bank, and the 
story of his career, begin- 
ning there, is the chron- 
icle of a financier growing 
up with the business. He 
went to Los Angeles upon his return to his 
native land, and in May, 1887, became a 
bookkeeper in the Farmers and Merchants' 
Bank of that city. He remained there for 
.two months and then took charge of the 
books of the old Southern California Na- 
tional Bank of Los Angeles. 

When the Southern California National 
Bank was succeeded by the Merchants' Na- 
tional Bank, Mr. Holliday went along with 
the assets and good will, and has been with 
that bank ever since, a matter of more than 
24 years. In quick succession he went from 
the bookkeeper's desk to the teller's window, 
from that to assistant cashier, and in 1895 he 
was made cashier of the institution. This of- 
fice he held until 1906, when he was elected 
president of the bank, a trust he has admin- 
istrated to the present. That, in a few words, 
is the .story of how Mr. Holliday rose to the 
top of his profession and acquired the knowl- 


edge which makes him one of the leading 
financiers of the West, but it does not tell the 
whole story of his activity in the commercial 
and banking life of the city of his adoption, 
for he has not confined himself, in later years, 
to directing the affairs of one bank. Instead, 
he is interested in a multitude of concerns 
and the busy life he leads may be gleaned 
from the following lists: 

He is president of the 
First National Bank of 
Covina, Cal., and is on the 
Board of Directors of the 
Security Savings Bank of 
Los Angeles, the First 
National Bank of Azusa, 
Cal. ; First National Bank 
of Glendale, Cal., and the 
First National Bank of 
Artesia, Cal. ; Title Guar- 
antee and Trust Co. of 
Los Angeles, and Globe 
Grain and Milling Co. of 
the same city. 

The banks in which 
Mr. Holliday is interested 
form a financial chain in 
and around Los Angeles 
and control many millions 
of dollars, in the adminis- 
tration of which he is a 
powerful factor. 

In addition to the 
above, other financial as- 
sociations have claimed 
much of his attention. 
For one term he was 
President and Chairman of the Executive 
Committee of the Los Angeles Clearing 
House Association, preceding Mr. Stoddard 
Jess in that office. 

With one exception Mr. Holliday is the 
oldest active banker, in point of service, in 
the City of Los Angeles. He has been con- 
tinually in harness for nearly a quarter of a 
century, and, with the exception of the two 
months he put in with the Farmers and 
Merchants' Bank when he first went to Los 
Angeles, has been connected all that time 
with the same house. 

Individually and as a member of the Los 
Angeles Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Holli- 
day has aided greatly in the upbuilding and 
modernizing of Los Angeles aYid is regarded 
as one of its civic leaders. 

He is a thirty-second degree Mason, a 
Mystic Shriner and a member of the Califor- 
nia and the Los Angeles Country Clubs. 


PHER, General Manager, Pa- 
cific Light & Power Co., the 
Southern California Gas Co., 
and vice president of the San 
Joaquin Light and Power Corporation, Los 
Angeles, California, is a native of New York 
State, being born at Valley Falls, March 13, 
1864. His father was Ebenezer Atwood 
Balch and his mother 
Hannah (Hoag) Balch. 
On April 29, 1891, at 
Oakland, Cal., he mar- 
ried Janet Jacks. 

Mr. Balch was edu- 
c a t e d in the public 
schools of his native 
State, including the Cam- 
bridge High School, after 
which he entered Cornell 
University, graduating in 
1889 with the degrees of 
M. E. and E. E. 

Immediately after his 
graduation Mr. Balch de- 
cided to go West, where 
greater opportunities 
were to be found. In 
1889 he moved to Seattle, 
where he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Baker, 
Balch & Co., and shortly 
after a director and gen- 
eral manager of the Home 
Electric Co. of that city. 

This company was 
merged with several 
other similar organizations and formed the 
Union Electrical Company, of which Mr. 
Balch was made the general manager. He 
remained in this position for two years, re- 
signing in 1891 to accept a better office with 
the Union Power Company of Portland, Ore. 
He was made manager of that company, 
which supplied light and power in Portland, 
especially all power for operation of the 
street railways there. 

In 1896 he moved to Los Angeles, where 
he became one of the founders of the San 
Gabriel Electric Company, the Sierra Power 
Company and the Mintone Power Company, 
three large corpora dons with gigantic plans 
for the future development of power in the 
Southwest. Later these companies were 
merged into the corporation known as the 
Pacific Light and Power Company. Included 
in this large organization were the San Ber- 
nardino Gas and Electric Company, the Riv- 


erside Power Company and the San Antonio 
Heights Railway Company. 

In conjunction with H. E. Huntington 
and W. G. Kerckhoff, Mr. Balch purchased 
the City Gas Company, now the Southern 
California Gas Company. The management 
of these gigantic institutions demanded a 
man of exceptional training. Mr. Balch, with 
his qualifications consisting of education, ex- 
perience and executive 
ability, was selected to 
occupy the position of 
general manager of the 
combined organizations. 
Other corporations have 
been merged into the Pa- 
cific Light and Power 
Company, all of which 
come under Mr. Balch's 

In 1902 W. G. Kerck- 
hoff and Mr. Balch 
bought the San Joaquin 
Light and Power Com- 
pany, bringing the execu- 
tive offices of that con- 
cern to Los Angeles. A 
short time later the gas, 
railway and power cor- 
porations of Bakersfield 
and Merced were pur- 
chased by them and 
merged into the immense 
organization under the 
general managership of 
A. G. Wishon. 

Mr. Balch is heavily 
interested in the Coalinga Water and Elec- 
tric Company, which is in itself a corporation 
of no mean consequence ; also in the Fresno 
Irrigated Farms Company, the Summit Lake 
Improvement Company and the Lerdo Land 
Company. He is a large stockholder and 
holds office in the following: General Man- 
ager, Pacific Light and Power Company; 
General Manager, Southern California Gas 
Company ; Vice President, San Joaquin Light 
and Power Corporation, and Vice President 
Coalinga Light and Power Company. 

He is a member of the California Club, 
the Los Angeles Country Club and the Crag's 
Country Club of Los Angeles ; and also of 
the Bohemian Club and Pacific Union Club 
of San Francisco. 

He is a thirty-second degree Mason, a 
Knight Templar, a Shriner, and while at 
Cornell University was a member of the 
Greek Letter Fraternity, Alpha Delta Phi. 



turer, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Illinois, August 18th, 
1852. His father was William Ed- 
ward Hampton and his mother 

Matilda M. (Eastin) Hampton. 

He was married to Frances Wilhoit, of Charleston, 
Illinois, in the private chapel of the Sisters of Prov- 
idence in Indianapolis, Indiana, by the Right Rever- 
end Francis Silas iChatard,D.D., Bishop of Vincennes. 

At the age of fifteen years 
he began his first work in 
the wholesale and retail gro- 
cery of Wright-Minton & 
Co., of Charleston, Illinois. 
After working in this estab- 
lishment for three years he 
became the traveling agent 
and cashier for the commis- 
sion house of C. P. Troy & 
Co,, of New York, remaining 
in this position until 1876. 

At this time he returned 
to Charleston, Illinois, and 
established the dry goods 
house of Ray & Hampton. In 
1879 Mr. Hampton purchased 
the entire interest of his 
partner and continued in the 
dry goods business in his 
own name very successfully 
until 1886, when he retired 
and moved to the Pacific 
Coast, and after living a re- 
tired life and traveling for 
two years, moved to San 

In 1890 he built a factory 
in San Francisco for the 

manufacture of patent non-shrinking wooden tanks, 
and this was the birth of an industry which he has 
built up until today it is the largest manufacturing 
concern of its kind in the world. He managed and 
conducted the original business for two years in the 
name of "W. E. Hampton" and then changed the 
name of the business to "Pacific Tank Co., W. E. 
Hampton, Proprietor," and continued the business 
under this name for eleven years, having estab- 
lished branches and agencies throughout the 
Pacific Coast States and then had the business in- 
corporated under the name of "Pacific Tank Com- 
pany," Mr. Hampton retaining the presidency and 
active management of the business. 

In 1898 Mr. Hampton decided to make his home 
in Los Angeles, moved his residence to this city 
and built a factory for the manufacture of his 
product. In 1904 he built another factory at Olym- 
pia, Washington, and when this was destroyed by 
fire in 1909, he built a factory in Portland, Oregon, 
giving him a chain of factories in San Francisco, 
Los Angeles and Portland, Oregon, from which he 


ships his product to all parts of the world. In 
1900 Mr. Hampton purchased the controlling in- 
terest of the California Redwood Pipe Company 
and organized as its successor the National Wood 
Pipe Company. A year later he branched out into 
the manufacturing and contracting business on a 
larger scale in Los Angeles, organizing the Pacific 
Coast Planing Mill Company, built a large factory 
and took the active management of this company. 
In 1906, the year of the great fire in San Fran- 
cisco, Mr. Hampton pur- 
chased the stock and busi- 
ness of the Mercantile Box 
Co. of that city, reorganized 
it and built the plant which 
he still owns and operates 
on Berry street in San Fran- 

In 1909 the business of 
the Pacific Tank Company 
and the National Wood 
Pipe Company was con- 
solidated under the cor- 
porate name of "Pacific Tank 
& Pipe Company," the com- 
bined business now being 
under Mr. Hampton's per- 
sonal management, and he is 
today President and General 
Manager of the manufactur- 
ing companies which he has 
established, Pacific Tank & 
Pipe Company, Pacific Coast 
Planing Mill Company, Na- 
tional Wood Pipe Company 
and Mercantile Box Com- 
pany, with offices and fac- 
tories in San Francisco, Los 
Angeles and Portland, Ore- 
gon. He also holds directorships in the following 
companies and organizations: Los Angeles Trust 
and Savings Bank, Olympia National Bank, Asso- 
ciated Jobbers of Los Angeles, Municipal League of 
Los Angeles, Columbus Club of Los Angeles, and is 
President of the Industrial Realty Company of Los 
Angeles. He holds a similar position with the Fac- 
tory Site Company, and is Vice President of the 
Tidings Publishing Company. 

At the present time he is a member of the Spe- 
cial Harbor Committee of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, which has in its hands the future of the 
Los Angeles Harbor. This committee is working 
in conjunction with the civic authorities on plans 
by which they hope to make it one of the most 
important ports to be engaged in world trade with 
the completion of the Panama Canal. 

Mr. Hampton is Past Grand Knight of the 
Knights of Columbus of Los Angeles, and is a mem- 
ber of the California, Jonathan, Newman, Colum- 
bus and Gamut Clubs of Los Angeles and of the 
Los Angeles Country Club. 



Banker, Los Angeles, Cal., 
was born on Christmas Day, 
in the year 1858, at Cedar 

Falls, Iowa, the son of 

Joseph and Theresa (Wangler) Sartori. He 
married Margaret Rishel, at Le Mars, Iowa, 
in June, 1886. He received the elementary 
portion of his education in the public schools 
of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
then went to Germany, 
where he spent one year 
(1877-78) at the Univer- 
sity of Freiburg. Return- 
ing to the United States, 
he entered Cornell Col- 
lege, at Mount Vernon, 
Iowa, and was graduated 
from there with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Sci- 
ence in 1879. He then en- 
tered the Law Depart- 
ment of the University of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
and was graduated from 
there in 1881. 

Upon completion of 
his college course he en- 
tered the law office of 
Leslie M. Shaw (former- 
ly Secretary of the Treas- 
ury and now president of 
a bank in Philadelphia), 
at Dennison, Iowa, and 
studied for eight months. 
He was admitted to the 
Bar at the end of that 
time, and from 1882 to 1887 he practiced his 
profession as a partner of Congressman I. S. 
Struble, of Iowa. 

In 1887 Mr. Sartori gave up his legal prac- 
tice in Iowa and moved to California, settling 
March 19, 1887, in the then new town of 
Monrovia. It was there that he made his first 
venture into the banking field, establishing 
the First National Bank of that place. He 
was its first cashier, and served as such until 
1889, and is its vice president at the present 
time. Arriving in California during the years 
of its great boom, Mr. Sartori saw opportuni- 
ties for greater successes in the larger field of 
Los Angeles, and in 1889 he transferred his 
residence to that city. 

He organized, in February, 1889, the Se- 
curity Savings Bank, undoubtedly the largest 
of its kind in the entire Southwest, and has 
been connected with its management from 
the day it began business. He was elected 


president of the institution in January, 1895, 
and has been its executive head since then. At 
the present time the bank has capital stock 
and surplus of more than $2,000,000 and total 
resources exceeding $33,000,000. 

The history of Mr. Sartori's banking ca- 
reer in Los Angeles would record in detail 
but one constant succession of advances, en- 
largements and accretions. He has put into 
it not only a complete 
academic knowledge, but 
practical methods and 
seemingly unerring judg- 

Coming from Swiss- 
Italian ancestry of honor- 
able record and deep im- 
print on the conscious- 
ness of the people of that 
portion of Europe, Mr. 
Sartori, when he entered 
the banking world, met 
with unexpected and 
hearty support from a 
great number of persons 
who had known his fam- 
ily name in Europe, and 
to whom the probity and 
capacity of the Sartoris 
meant reliability. 

His remarkable in- 
sight into banking and 
economic conditions was 
never better illustrated 
than in his fight before 
the California Legisla- 
ture in 1911 for real re- 
forms in the State banking laws and over- 
sight of State financial institutions. He ap- 
peared before the committees on banks and 
banking as the leader of the reform forces, 
and his arguments had a palpable beneficial 
effect upon the legislation which resulted. 

In addition to his presidency of the Secur- 
ity Bank in Los Angeles, which is housed in 
one of the most beautiful structures in the 
country, Mr. Sartori is vice president of the 
Monrovia Bank, which he helped to found; 
has been a director for twelve years in the L. 
A. Brick Co., and is actively interested in nu- 
merous ranch properties in and about Cali- 
fornia. He is also a director of the San Pedro, 
Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad. 

He is president of the California Club and 
holds memberships in the following: Jona- 
than, Annandale Golf, Crags Country, L. A. 
Athletic and the L. A. Country clubs, of 
which latter he was a charter member. 



SON, Physician and Surgeon, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at 
Jericho, Chittenden County, Ver- 
mont, on April 20, 1842, his par- 
ents being Nathaniel and Fanny 
Thompson Bicknell. In the family blood is 
that of Hannah Dustin and R. H. Dana. 
Dr. Bicknell was twice married, his first wife 
being Etta Cooper of Lake Mills, Wisconsin, 
and to them a daughter, now 
Mrs. Etta Florence Bicknell 
Zombro, was born at Neosho, 
Missouri. On December 6, 
1882, he married Carrie E. 
Fargo at San Francisco. 

Dr. Bicknell resided in 
Vermont until 1852, when he 
moved with his parents to 
Lake Mills, Jefferson County, 
Wisconsin, where he worked 
on his father's farm and at- 
tended district school until 
he was seventeen years old. 
Then he attended Albion 
Academy, at Albion, Wiscon- 
sin, where he studied during 
the fall terms and taught 
school in the winter terms. 
On August 15, 1862, he en- 
listed in the army in Com- 
pany A, Twenty-third Wis- 
consin Regiment, and re- 
mained in active service un- 
til mustered out at the end of 
the war, July 4, 1865. 

While in the army his ser- 
vice was in the Department 
of the Mississippi, first under 
General Grant, from the beginning to the end of 
the Vicksburg campaign. Then through the Red 
River campaign under General Banks and General 
A. J. Smith. Then came the Mobile, Alabama, 
campaign under General Canby. 

Throughout the entire war Dr. Bicknell was a 
soldier in the ranks, and while his discharge re- 
cords thirteen pitched battles, it does not tell of the 
unnumbered skirmishes and scouting expeditions 
where danger and death were no less in evidence 
than in the most active battles. A blistered scalp 
from the sharpshooter's bullet, knocked down by 
the concussion of a nearby exploding shell, and a 
gun shattered in his hands, were but a few of the 
close calls experienced by him. 

Upon receiving his discharge in 1865 he returned 
to Madison, Wisconsin, and entered the State Uni- 
versity, studying there and working in summer on 
the farm until 1867, when he began studying medi- 
cine in the office of Dr. John Faville of Madison ; he 
then attended Rush Medical College in Chicago, 
graduating in 1870. 


In the fall of that same year Dr. Bicknell set- 
tled in the City of Neosho, Missouri, in partner- 
ship with Dr. Lewis Wills. In the spring of 1872 
Dr. Bicknell returned to Lake Mills, Wisconsin, and 
married Etta Cooper, and returned at once to 
Neosho. A daughter was born to them, but Mrs. 
Bicknell survived the event but a little more than 
a month. 

In the fall of 1873 Dr. Bicknell went with his 
old preceptor, Dr. John Faville, to New York and 
took a postgraduate course 
at Bellevue College and Hos- 

After a short return to 
Wisconsin, he went to Cali- 
fornia in April, 1874. Find- 
ing the Panamint mining ex- 
citement on, he went as 
physician and surgeon to 
that region for the Panamint 
Mining and Milling Com- 
pany, at that time owned by 
United States Senators 
Jones and Stewart of Ne- 
vada. On the close of the 
camp he served in the same 
capacity at the Caso Mine of 
Darwin, and then practiced 
at Independence, in Inyo 
County, where he had charge 
of the County Hospital. He 
later went to Bishop Creek, 
a larger town of the valley. 
In the summer of 1881 
Dr. Bicknell returned to 
Lake Mills, Wisconsin, to get 
his little daughter, Miss Etta, 
whom his mother-in-law had 
been fostering; he there be- 
came engaged to his present wife, who was Miss 
Carrie Fargo, and returned to Los Angeles. 
Miss Fargo came to San Francisco, at which 
place Dr. Bicknell met her, and the marriage 
took place December 6, 1882. 

After his marriage Dr. Bicknell returned at once 
to Los Angeles and since that time his only busi- 
ness has been the practice of medicine and surgery. 
Among the leading professional organizations 
with which Dr. Bicknell is associated are the fol- 
lowing: He is a member of the American 
Medical Association and of his State and County 
societies. He is ex-President Southern California 
Medical Society; ex-President Los Angeles County 
Medical Society; ex-President of the California 
Hospital, and ex-Professor Gyocology of the Medi- 
cal College of Southern California. 

He is a member of the University Club, of the 
Chamber of Commerce, and of the Masonic Order, 
Southern California Lodge, No. 278, F. and A. M. 
He is a member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, Stanton Post. 



President of the Fireman's 
Fund Insurance Company, 
San Francisco, California, was 
born in Bangor, Maine, Jan- 
uary 23, 1847, the son of Henry Button and 
Frances Gushing (Stevens) Button. Of Eng- 
lish origin, he counts among his distinguished 
American ancestors his paternal great-grand- 
father, Colonel Samuel 
Button of Revolutionary 
fame, and a maternal for- 
bear, Chief Justice Gush- 
ing, who had the addition- 
al honor of swearing in 
George Washington as 
President of the United 
States. On Becember 
15, 1868, Mr. Button was 
married in San Francisco 
to Miss Mary Grayson 
Heydenfeldt, and is the 
father of Robert McMil- 
lan, Henry Stevens, Wil- 
liam Grayson, Frank 
Gushing, Mary Page and 
Mrs. Gertrude (Button) 

His education may be 
summed up as follows: 
A few years in a primary 
school in Bangor, the 
public schools in San 
Francisco from 1855 to 
1860, the next three years 
at the San Francisco 
High School, and from 


1863 to 1867 at the old City College, where 
he took a course in classics and higher math- 
ematics, whence he was graduated into the 
North British Insurance Co. as junior clerk. 

In a few months he left that company to 
organize the Marine Bepartment of the Fire- 
man's Fund. Thenceforth his rise was rapid, 
marked on the way up by his selection as 
secretary of the Marine Bepartment in 1869, 
assistant secretary in 1873, general secretary 
of the company in 1880, vice president and 
manager in 1890, and by his election to the 
presidency in 1900. 

Buring these years Mr. Button has 
built a lasting reputation as an expert in ma- 
rine underwriting. His company has today 
the most extensive system of agents of any 
American company west of the Ohio River 
and is the only California organization of any 
kind represented in every State and city of 
the United States. 

The Fireman's Fund was a heavy loser in 
the San Francisco disaster of 1906, and, with 
all its records burned, its local assets largely 
unsalable and facing almost 6,000 claims, ag- 
gregating over $11,000,000, the case certainly 
looked hopeless. Under Mr. Button's direc- 
tion a new company the Fireman's Fund 
Corporation was formed, with a million dol- 
lars of new capital and a million of surplus. 
The new corporation then 
reinsured all the outstand- 
ing policies and continued 
the business just as 
though no disaster had oc- 
curred. Instead of 35 or 
40 cents on the dollar, 
\vhich experts reported 
might be realized within 
three years under a re- 
ceivership, the company 
paid all policy-holding 
claimants their first 50 
cents within three 
months. Within a year 
the agency plant and out- 
standing business 
throughout the United 
States were repurchased 
from the corporation, its 
stockholders' subscrip- 
tions returned to them in 
cash or re-invested in the 
stock of the old compa- 
ny, and in April, 1907, the 
old Fireman's Fund re- 
sumed its old position. 
For ten years Mr. But- 

ton was pres. or vice pres. of the Board of 
Fire Underwriters of the Pacific, and for 20 
years chairman of legislative committee ; pres. 
Board of Marine Underwriters of San Fran- 
cisco 21 years, and 35 years a member of its 
adjustment committee. He was on the com- 
mittee of three who selected the executive 
committee of the Panama-Pacific Exposition, 
and is pres. of the Fireman's Fund Insurance 
Company, Home Fire and Marine Insurance 
Company, Chairman San Francisco Municipal 
conference of 1911, vice pres. Merchants' -Ex- 
change of the California Bevelopment Board, 
treas, Presidio and Ferries Railroad, chair- 
man of Trustees First Congregational 
Church, director San Francisco Chamber of 
Commerce, vice pres. Hospital for Children 
and Training School for Nurses. 

Clubs : Union League, Commercial, Pa- 
cific-Union, Commonwealth, Presidio Golf, S. 
F. Golf and Country and Claremont Country. 






HOE, President of the Mur- 
phy-Grant Co., San Fran- 
cisco, California, was born in 
that city, March 28, 1858, the 
son of Adam Grant and Emma F. (Gum- 
mer) Grant. Of Scotch-English ancestry, he 
has carried through life the qualities of 
shrewdness, integrity and affability presumed 
to inhere in that happy combination. His 
father, Adam Grant, was a true Highland 
Scotchman, who went to California in 1850, 
and in San Francisco founded the pioneer 
and long famous dry goods house of Murphy, 
Grant & Co., which his son, Joseph, has suc- 
cessfully controlled since 1904. The latter 
was married in Portland, Ore., June 28, 1897, 
to Miss Edith Macleay, daughter of Donald 
Macleay, one of Portland's oldest and most 
noted bankers and merchants. Josephine 
and Edith Grant are the children of this mar- 
riage, and Douglas Grant is a son by Mr. 
Grant's first wife. 

Joseph D. Grant's early education was re- 
ceived in the Lincoln Grammar, 1866-67; the 
next three years at the old Washington 
School, of which Miss Jene Parker was prin- 
cipal, and from 1870-75 at the Boys' High 
School. In the latter year he entered the 
College of Social Science of the University 
of California, but left one year before grad- 
uation; a year later he toured the greater 
part of Europe and the East, and for five 
months attended the Sorbonne lectures on 
Political Economy and Literature. 

In 1881 he returned to San Francisco and 
entered the firm of Murphy, Grant & Co. He 
began at the bottom and progressed through 
all the various departments. 

Throughout the greater part of this pe- 
riod, however, many outside activities, such 
as his large ranches in California and inter- 
ests in Oregon claimed his attention, but did 
not swerve him from his main purpose, the 
mastery of the details aforesaid. He re- 
garded as a precious legacy, with all the re- 
sponsibilities the term implies, his succes- 
sion to the ownership of the oldest commer- 
cial house in its own line on the Pacific Coast. 
In 1904 Mr. Grant became the owner of 
the business and President of the corpora- 
tion. Since then the expansion of the trade 
has been due as much to the efficiency of the 
management as to the natural growth of the 
commerce. In the first quarter of the year 
1906, preceding the great fire, the sales ex- 
ceeded those of any previous similar period 
in the history of the house, and this disaster 

called for the maximum of managerial and 
executive ability. As in the case of every 
business alike afflicted, entire rehabilitation 
was a necessity. All sources of supply were 
cut off, and new stock and new quarters had 
to be procured. This practical re-creation 
was begun within seven days after the fire. 

On April 25, 1906, or just one week after 
the destruction of the business section of San 
Francisco, the house reopened with a stock 
of goods in the Tribune Building, Oakland, 
and on April 18, 1907, the anniversary of the 
fire, the firm moved into a substantial con- 
crete building on the corner of Sansome and 
Market streets. But as soon as the necessary 
supplies and materials could be secured the 
Class "A" Adam Grant Building, on the cor- 
ner of Sansome and Bush streets, was 
erected on lines that will permit its enlarge- 
ment to double its present size. This is a 
model of modern construction for the dis- 
patch of business and for the convenience of 
customers ; and therein, on July 25, 1908, or 
a little more than two years after the earth- 
quake, the company was completely installed 
ready for business that now covers this ex- 
tensive territory : California, Nevada, Ore- 
gon, Idaho, Washington, Alaska, Lower Cal- 
ifornia, Arizona, New Mexico, the Hawaiian 
Islands, Tahiti and Manila. 

The principal directors of the firm are 
now Joseph D. Grant, President, and Charles 
R. Havens, Vice President and Manager. 

Besides his presidency of the Murphy- 
Grant Co., and of the North Central Improve- 
ment Association, he is a director of the First 
National Bank of San Jose, Mercantile Trust 
Co. of San Francisco, Mercantile National 
Bank, Security Savings Bank, Donohoe-Kel- 
ley Banking Co., Natoma Consolidated Co., 
Coast Counties Light and Power Co., and the 
Charities Indorsement Committee. 

He is a life trustee of Stanford Univer- 
sity, as well as of the Academy of Sciences, 
a member of the Council of the Academy of 
Pacific Coast History, the American Astro- 
nomical Society and the Seismological So- 
ciety, and for two years was President of the 
S. F. Art Association. His club memberships 
include the Union, and the Rocky Mountain, 
of New York; the Pacific-Union, Bohemian, 
Olympic, Press, of which two last he is a life- 
member; Golf and Country, and the Com- 
monwealth, all of San Francisco; Menlo 
Country and Burlingame Country, of San 
Mateo, of the latter of which he is also a life 
member, and the Chi Phi Fraternity of the 
University of California. 



Estate Operator and Investments, 
Los Angeles, California, although 
born in Athens, Michigan, Octo- 
ber 2, 1838, is a typical Califor- 
nian, having moved to that State 
in January, 1853. His father was Charles W. Pom- 
eroy and his mother Permelia (Valentine) Pom- 
eroy. On December 6, 1871, he married Florence 
A. Wilcox at San Jose, California, and they have 
one son, Walter V. Pomeroy. 

Mr. Pomeroy was edu- 
cated in the grammar schools 
of California, and after con- 
cluding his preparatory 
schooling entered the Uni- 
versity of the Pacific at San 
Jose, California, where he re- 
ceived the degrees A. B. and 
A. M., graduating in 1864. 

Shortly after leaving his 
Alma Mater he was appoint- 
ed Deputy County Clerk of 
Santa Clara County, which 
position he held with such 
credit that on the completion 
of his services as Deputy he 
was elected County Clerk. 
For eight years he held these 
two positions, and it is with 
pleasure that he looks at 
those early offices at a time 
when he was a young man 
just out of college. 

Mr. Pomeroy lived in 
those days in the central and 
northern portions of the 
State San Jose, San Fran- 
cisco and Sacramento. His 

father was a significant force in the building of 
the little Sacramento and Shingle Springs Rail- 
road. Associated with him in this project of em- 
pire and railroad building was the noted engineer, 
Theodore P. Judah. The latter was a personal 
friend of the Crockers of San Francisco and played 
an important part as chief engineer in the construc- 
tion of the overland roads. 

Railroad building in the early days of California 
was far different from what it is today. The steel 
for the rails had to come across the Isthmus or 
around the Horn, and had to be driven inland by 
means of ox teams or equally slow transportation. 
The obstacles were in time overcome, and what Mr. 
Pomeroy and his associates originally started as the 
Sacramento and Shingle Springs line eventually 
was merged into the Central Pacific, the system 
which forced its mighty steam monsters across 
the mountains, bringing thousands of Western col- 
onists to populate the fertile California valleys and 
form cities. 

In 1881 Mr. Pomeroy severed his connections 


with all interests in Northern California and in 
that year settled in Los Angeles. From that date 
up to the present writing he has been identified 
with the business, educational and political move- 
ments in Southern California to such an extent 
that he is recognized as one of the progressive and 
representative men of Southern California. 

During his career in Los Angeles his adminis- 
trative traits were recognized by his appointment 
as Trustee of the State Normal School at Los An- 
geles, where he assisted in the 
advance of that institution to 
a remarkable degree during 
\his nine years of service. 
His work as Chairman of the 
Los Angeles City Board f 
Education, during three 
years, was productive of the 
most valuable results, his 
business faculties enabling 
him to meet and overcome 
the constantly arising em- 
barrassment of overcrowded 
school buildings. 

During his long residence 
in Los Angeles he has fol- 
lowed the real estate busi- 
ness and left his imprint on 
the geography of the coun- 
try. He has been a town site 
promoter of unusual activity. 
Mr. Pomeroy and assistants 
promoted the city of Long 
Beach and the following 
towns and subdivisions: The 
Rancho and town of Temec- 
ula, the Rancho and town of 
San Jacinto, the town of Al- 
hambra, of Gardena, of Her- 

mosa Beach, the Providencia Rancho, the town 
of Burbank, the Grant Tract, the Los Berros Tract 
in San Luis Obispo, and many tracts and subdi- 
visions in Glendale, Pomona and neighboring 
Southern California cities. All of these sections 
are now well populated and are among the most 
thriving in the southern part of California. 

Other organizations in which he is interested 
are the A. E. Pomeroy Company, real estate; mana- 
ger of the Grant building and vice president of the 
State Mutual Building and Loan Association. He 
has been a Trustee of the University of the Pa- 
cific and is now Secretary of the Board of Trustees 
of the University of Southern California. 

In these latter positions he has instituted many 
improvements and his influence has been as strong 
as he exerted in connection with public education. 
He has attained the thirty-second degree in 
Masonry, is a charter member of the California 
Club and a member of the University, Union 
League and Federation Clubs, and a charter mem- 
ber of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. 



Vice President of the Fire- 
man's Fund Insurance Com- 
pany of San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, was born on March 24, 
1860, at Bowmanville, Cook County, Illinois 
(now a part of Chicago). His ancestors came 
from the Ardennes and the Rhine Provinces, 
where for many generations they were prom- 
inent in the iron mining 
and smelting industry. 
His grandfather, Joseph* 
Faymonville, settled in 
the country which subse- 
quently became Cook 
County, Illinois, in 1837, 
when Chicago was still 
known as Fort Dear- 
born. He is the son of 
Tillman J. Faymonville, 
eldest son of Joseph Fay- 
monville, above referred 
to, and of ^Catherine 
(Fisher) Faymonville. 

Mr. Faymonville was 
married at San Jose, Cali- 
fornia, on April 19, 1881, 
to Miss Dora Belle Ries, 
a descendant of an old 
Holland Dutch family of 
Northern New York. 
Their three children are 
Le Roy B. (now de- 
ceased), Philip R. and 
Bernard Faymonville, Jr. 
The family has resided 
in San Francisco since 
March, 1882. During 1865 to 1873 he 
'attended the public schools of. his native 
town, then took a two years' course in the 
preparatory school of Professor J. P. Lauth 
in Chicago. 

He entered the employ of a real estate 
and brokerage firm in the same city in 1875, 
and for the two following years applied him- 
self to mastering the varied duties and work 
usual to such offices located in a growing 
and pushing community. 

Broader opportunities and the lure of 
California drew him to this State in Septem- 
ber, 1877. Settling first at Fresno, then a 
newly established county seat, he secured 
employment in an abstract and real estate 
office, and soon acquired on his own account 
a number of insurance agencies. After sev- 
eral years, by means of perseverance and 
consolidation, he had built up one of the 
largest local insurance agencies in Central 


California, consisting of forty-three com- 

During this period he was also actively 
interested in promoting the colonization of 
Fresno County. 

The fire insurance profession appealed to 
him strongly, and realizing that progress and 
success depended on broader opportunities 
and a larger field, he accepted on March 1. 
1882, the position of Spe- 
cial Agent for the whole 
Pacific Coast for the 
Fireman's Fund Insur- 
ance Company. 

Since that date he has 
been continuously in the 
employ of that distin- 
g u i s h e d corporation, 
sharing its successes, as 
well as the reverses 
which overtook it during 
the trying times follow- 
ing the great San Fran- 
cisco disaster. From this 
it emerged stronger and 
more powerful than ever, 
and in a manner that will 
always reflect the great- 
est credit on the State of 

In 1887 Mr. Faymon- 
ville was elected Assist- 
ant Secretary of the com- 
pany, and three years 
later he became its Secre- 

In 1893 he was elected 

Second Vice President and First Vice Presi- 
dent in 1900. This position he now holds. 
He is Vice President of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Board of Underwriters of the 
Pacific, President of the Underwriters' Fire 
Patrol, and President of the Underwriters' 
Inspection Bureau. 

He has served as Supervisor and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Fire Commissioners of 
the City of San Francisco. 

Mr. Faymonville has contributed various 
articles on insurance to papers and periodi- 
cals devoted to that subject, and also to 

He is much interested in club life, being 
a member of the Pacific Union Club, the 
Bohemian Club, the Olympic Club, and of 
the San Francisco Golf and Country Club, 
and the Presidio Golf Club. 

He is also a member of the Country Club 
of Bear Valley, in Marin County. 

I2 4 


portation Service (retired), 
Compton, California, born in 
Pike County, Illinois, March 
4, 1843. He is the son of the 
Rev. William H. Bird and Evelyn Bird. In 
1868 he married Sarah E. Lippincott at Pana, 
Illinois. There are five surviving children 
of his marriage, three ot 
whom are married: Mrs. 
Alberta Bird Childs, Mrs. 
Martha B. Olmstead, 
Mrs. Evelyn B. Huston, 
Kathryn Bird and Wil- 
liam H. Bird. 

Mr. Bird attended the 
public school and acad- 
emy in Illinois. At the 
time President Lincoln 
issued his call for 75,000 
volunteers in the spring 
of 1861, Mr. Bird, like 
many other young men of 
that period, left school 
and entered the army as 
a private. He enlisted in 
the Twenty-second Illi- 
nois Infantry. With his 
regiment he served one 
year and a half and re- 
signed by permission in 
order to enlist for three years in Troop 
K, Fourth United States Cavalry. He 
was a soldier of the Union four years 
and eight months ; during that long period 
he fought in many of the deadly bat- 
tles of the Civil War, and remained in the 
service until after 'Lee had surrendered at 
A.ppomattox and the last gun had been 

Mr. Bird was mustered out of the service 
November 28, 1865. He was one of the 
lucky ones to get early employment after re- 
turning from the war, and, being determined 
to succeed, he accepted the first employment 
that seemed to offer future success. He went 
to work as night watchman for the St. Louis, 
Alton and Terre Haute Railroad. He was 
soon promoted to the position of station 
clerk. Within a few years he was made 
general clerk in the freight department of 
the general office in St. Louis. In the early 


seventies he resigned that position to become 
chief clerk of the freight department of the 
St. Louis, Kansas City and Northern Rail- 
road Company. Within two years he was 
promoted to the general freight agency of 
that company. 

On December 31, 1882, he resigned to 
take a similar position on the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee and St. Paul 
Railroad, on which road 
he held several posi- 
tions, that of freight 
traffic manager, general 
traffic manager and 
third vice president in 
charge of traffic. He 
remained with that com- 
pany continuously for 
for more than twenty-one 
years. His experience 
was invaluable to him in 
many ways, and when he 
retired in the spring of 
1903 it was to accept a 
somewhat similar offer 
for the Gould system of 
roads, being vice presi- 
dent of each company and 
traffic director of all. 
Headquarters were in 
Chicago. Capability and 
knowledge of railroad traffic and general af- 
fairs placed him prominently among the men 
of the Gould system. 

His long years of constant work in the 
service of the Middle West railroad brought 
about a physical collapse, which induced him 
to withdraw from service in September, 1906. 
After a long term in the hospital in Denver, 
and later in a sanitarium at Lamanda Park, 
California, he retired to a little ranch which 
he had owned many years, at Compton, Cali- 
fornia. He takes as much interest in over- 
looking his affairs now as he took in former 
years in keeping the trains well filled, and 
with a great deal more comfort. 

Mr. Bird has always been an active 
lodge man. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, a member of the California Club in 
Los Angeles; he is president of the Comp- 
ton Chamber of Commerce and is a member 
of the Board of City Trustees. 



ASS, ALONZO B., President 
of the Home Telephone and 
Telegraph Company, Los An- 
geles, California, is a native 
of New York State. He was 
born July 4, 1856, at Albion. His father was 
P. C. Cass and his mother Amanda M. (Her- 
rick) Cass. He was married in Muskogee, 
Oklahoma, June 21, 1885, to Emily F. Tufts 
(deceased), to which 
union there were born 
eight children, Frank T. 
Cass, Phil, Louis, Donald, 
Quincy, Harold, Emily 
F. and Alonzo B. Cass, 
Jr. On August 23, 1909, 
he married Martha T. 
Muir, at Los Angeles, and 
adopted her three chil- 
dren, John, William and 

Mr. Cass attended the 
public schools of New 
York State, and finished 
his education at the Al- 
bion Academy, Albion, 
New York. 

He * started in the 
business world at Ash 
Grove, Missouri, in 1879, 
in the general merchan- 
dise line as the firm of 
Green and Cass. From 
there Mr. Cass moved 
south to Oklahoma, 
where at Muskogee he 
continued in the general 
merchandise business between the years of 
1880 and 1887. Two of his brothers, Frank 
H. and B. H. Cass, with Leo B. Newberry, 
were his associates, for one year in that city. 
He was also in the same business in Atoka, 
Oklahoma, in 1883-1884; at South Canadian 
in 1884-1886, and at McAllister, Oklahoma, 
from 1887 up to 1888. He was also a member 
of the firm of Govigan and Cass, druggists, 
at Muskogee. 

On arriving in Los Angeles, in 1888, Mr. 
Cass immediately went into business with 
his brothers as the firm of Cass Brothers 
Stove Company, which continued under that 
name until 1890. In that year the firm be- 
came known as the Crandall and Cass Com- 
pany, continuing to 1893. Between the years 
of 1893-1906, the Company was known as the 
Cass and Smurr Stove Company, when it 
came under its present name, Cass, Smurr, 
Damerel Company. 

During his years in business in Los An- 
geles, Mr. Cass established a substantial rep- 
utation for himself among the representative 
and progressive men of that city. His suc- 
cess in whatever field he pleased to enter won 
the hearty endorsement of able men. 

Mr. Cass was one of the original founders 
of the Central Bank, now the Central Na- 
tional Bank. His keen perception in the 
business world and his 


wide acquaintance among 
men of affairs were 
forces which worked for 
the upbuilding of the 
bank which today is one 
of the sound institutions 
of Los Angeles. 

In 1906, when the 
Home Telephone and Tel- 
egraph Company was 
forging to the front, Mr. 
Cass was elected Presi- 
dent of that corporation. 
Immediately he set about 
to make the Company a 

Four years later be- 
cause of his successful 
work with the Home Tel- 
ephone Company, in Los 
Angeles, Mr. Cass was 
made President of the 
Bay Cities Home Tele- 
phone Company of San 

When the Home Tele- 
phone Company was first 
founded in 1898, Mr. Cass became its first 
subscriber for stock and has stood by the 
corporation ever since. He was shortly aft- 
er elected vice president of the company, 
and today occupies the position of chief ex- 
ecutive, directing the tremendous workings 
of the system. 

He still retains his interest with the Cass, 
Smurr, Damerel Company, and holds the 
vice presidency of that firm. He is a director 
of the Central National Bank, and holds 
many other important interests. He was 
president of the Chamber of Commerce in 
1901, was the first president of the Municipal 
League and a trustee of the State Normal 
School for four years. 

He is a member of the California, Jona- 
than, Sunset, and Union League Clubs of Los 
Angeles, is vice president of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and a member of the 
Federation and City Clubs. 






HERMAN, MOSES H., Railroad 
Builder and Banker, Los Angeles, 
Cal., was born in West Rupert, 
Bennington County, Vt., Dec. 3, 
1853, of sturdy New England 
stock which dates back far into 
the colonial days in America and originally came 
from England. He married in 1885, Harriet E. 
Pratt, daughter of R. H. Pratt, one of the distin- 
guished builders of the Central Pacific Railway. 
They have three children, Robert, Hazeltine and 
Lucy Sherman. 

He graduated from the Oswego (N. Y.) Normal 
School. Then, long before he was out of his teens, 
he taught district school in New York State, leaving 
before he was twenty to go to Los Angeles. 

He did not stay long in Los Angeles, but went 
into the sparsely settled territory of Arizona, to the 
then remote mining town of Prescott. There he 
continued his calling of teaching until 1876, when 
he first came to public notice. 

Although only twenty-three, he impressed Gover- 
nor A. F. K. Stafford of Arizona as the suitable man 
to represent Arizona at the Philadelphia Exposition 
or World's Fair in 1876, the first of the series of 
America's great world displays. His duties kept 
him at Philadelphia the one summer, after which 
he started on his return to the Pacific Coast. He 
took back with him his sister, now the wife of the 
Hon. E. P. Clark, of Los Angeles. They started the 
journey by way of the Isthmus of Panama, taking a 
Pacific Mail steamship at New York. While in the 
Windward passage, near the island of Cuba, the 
steamer was wrecked. For three days the disabled 
vessel was kept afloat, drifting helplessly about, 
when finally the passengers and crew were rescued 
by a steamer running from South America to Liver- 
pool. After various vicissitudes the two reached 
Los Angeles in safety. 

Upon the return of young Sherman to Arizona, 
Governor John C. Fremont of Arizona appointed 
him Superintendent of Public Instruction for the 
Territory. Arizona had at the time of his acces- 
sion to office practically no public school system, 
but he created and organized one so complete that 
even the most isolated communities could enjoy the 
benefits of education, a remarkable situation in the 
West of those early days. When his appointive 
term was over the office became elective. He was 
nominated on the Republican ticket and was elect- 
ed by a large fnajority. Arizona was strongly Dem- 
ocratic at the time, and he had the added distinction 
of being the only Republican to be elected to office. 
During this term the Legislature asked him to re- 
write the school laws of Arizona. His draft was 
adopted unanimously without change, and remains 
the school law of Arizona to this day, after more 
than thirty years. 

Still less than thirty years of age, he was a con- 
spicuous public figure in Arizona at the expiration 
of his second term as school superintendent. He 
was then immediately appointed Adjutant General 
of the Territory by Governor F. A. Tritle. He found 
the National Guard situation as he had found that 
of the public schools. There was no organization 
and everything had to be done from the beginning. 
He was reappointed Adjutant General by Governor 

C. Meyer Zulic, and during this term of office 
he put the National Guard on a solid basis. 

While he was yet a public official he began the 
foundation of his business career. In 1884, at the 
age of thirty-one, he started the Valley Bank of 
Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona. He was its first presi- 
dent. This bank has now the largest resources of 
any in the State. He remained actively interested 
in its affairs, which prospered, until 1889, when he 
happened to make a visit to Los Angeles. 

There he discovered a new opportunity. Los An- 
geles was then just well started on its career of 
great growth. A syndicate of Chicago men had just 
completed a costly cable tramway system. The 
cable system was frequently paralyzed by the win- 
ter rains, which washed sand into the cable slots, 
causing delay for days at a time. General Sher- 
man knew that in a couple of the Eastern cities 
electric street railway systems had been successful- 
ly started. It occurred to him that the failure of 
the cable system left an opening for the electric. 
He acted at once on the idea, enlisted his brother- 
in-law, E. P. Clark, raised capital, secured a fran- 
chise, and built the first tracks of the Los Angeles 
Railway. General Sherman was the President of 
the system and Mr. Clark vice president and gen- 
eral manager. Soon thereafter the electric system 
absorbed the cable railway. 

The success of the first electric venture was 
such that the Los Angeles and Pasadena Electric 
Railway was organized and built to Pasadena and 
Altadena by Goneml Sherman and Mr. Clark. Later 
this property, as well as the Los Angeles railway 
system, was sold to H. E. Huntington. 

The next venture in the electric railway field 
was the construction by the brothers-in-law of the 
Los Angeles Pacific Railway to Hollywood, Soldiers' 
Home, Santa Monica, Ocean Park, Redondo and 
other points. They covered with a close network 
all the territory between Los Angeles and the Santa 
Monica bay beaches. They sold this system to the 
late E. H. Harriman, not long before his death, for 
a very large sum of money. 

Mr. Sherman and Mr. Clark were the pioneer 
electric railway builders of the Pacific Coast, and 
have the credit of building the greatest interurban 
system in the world. The systems, now consoli- 
dated, all of which they started, make Los Angeles 
an interurban center greater than any half dozen 
cities in America combined. Mr. Sherman is still a 
director in all the "Harriman" electric railways in 
Southern California. 

He did not confine his railroad construction to 
Los Angeles. As early as 1884 he ouilt the Phoenix 
Railway. This line he still owns. He extended it 
in 1910 to Glendale, Arizona, to connect with the 
Santa Fe system. 

He is a stockholder in the Farmers and Mer- 
chants' National Bank and the Southern Trust Com- 
pany of Los Angeles, and has very extensive oil 
interests. He is a director in many companies and 
is one of the large property owners of California 
and Arizona. 

He is a member of the California Club, the Jona- 
than Club, Country Club, Bolsa Chica Gun Club and 
others of Los Angeles, and of the Chamber of Com- 
merce. He is also a member of the Bohemian 
Club of San Francisco. 




SON, Lawyer, Los Angeles, Cal., 
was born September 21, 1855, in 
Contra Costa County, Cal., the son 
of Nicholas Hunsaker and Lois E. 
(Hastings) Hunsaker. Lansing 
Warren Hastings, his maternal grand uncle, was a 
member of the First Constitutional Convention of 
California. Mr. Hunsaker married Florence Vir- 
ginia McFarland February 26, 1879, at San Diego, 
Cal. There are four children Mary Cameron, 
Florence King, Rose Margaret and Daniel McFar- 
land Hunsaker. 

He attended the public schools of Contra Costa 
County and San Diego up to the age of 16, when he 
left to learn the printer's trade. He began as a 
printer's devil on the "Bulletin" in San Diego, 
worked as a journeyman printer on the "Bulletin" 
and the San Diego "World" for two years and a 
half, then took up the study of law in the office of 
A. C. Baker, afterwards Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of Arizona. He was admitted to the 
bar by the District Court of San Diego County, 1876, 
and by the California Supreme Court in 1882; prac- 
ticed at San Diego, 1876 to 1880, when he located 
at Tombstone, Ariz., remaining there one year. 
He then returned to San Diego and in 1882 was 
elected District Attorney for the county. He 
served until 1884, when he resumed private prac- 
tice. In 1886 he formed a partnership with E. W. 
Britt as Hunsaker and Britt. In 1892 Mr. Hunsaker 
moved to Los Angeles and has since resided and 
practiced his profession there. In 1900 he and Mr. 
Britt resumed their partnership relations, which 
still continue. Mr. Hunsaker has figured in many 
notable cases, among others the Robert Crawford 
Smith and Dalter will contests and the Tingley and 
Hearne libel cases. He is a member of the Am. 
Bar Ass'n, Cal. State Bar Ass'n, University, Jona- 
than and California Clubs. 


AYLY, WILLIAM, Mining, Los An- 
geles, California, is a native of 
Missouri, having been born at Lex- 
ington, that State, in the year 
1856. He is the son of Charles B. 

y Bayly and Matilda (Russell) Bay- 

ly. He married Eva Houghton at Del Norte, Colo- 
rado, in the year of 1876, and to them there have 
been born two children William Bayly, Jr., and 
Charles H. Bayly. 

Mr. Bayly is one of those successful American 
business men who did not have opportunity or 
time to devote to his education before going out 
into the world to start his life career. His family 
having moved from Lexington to St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, when he was a child, he attended the public 
schools of the latter city in the Civil War period. 
At the age of 16 years he gave up his studies and 
decided to seek his fortune in the West. He went 
to Colorado and engaged in the hardware business 
with Alva Adams, a pioneer of Colorado, who after- 
wards became Governor and is today one of the 
richest men in the Silver State and one of those 
who have done much to develop tfaat common- 
wealth. Between them the two young merchants 
built up a thriving business. 

Mr. Bayly remained in this business for twenty 
years, during which time he made a considerable 
fortune. After two decades in the one line, he en- 
gaged in the mining business and has been in it 
ever since. He has mined on an extensive scale 
in Colorado, Utah, Nevada and California, and to- 
day is one of the conspicuous men in the busness. 

He left Denver in 1895 and went to Los Angeles 
to establish his home. Since becoming a citizen of 
the Southern California metropolis he has aided in 
every movement for the development of the city 
and Southern California. 

He is a member of the California Club of Los 




Los Angeles, Cal., born, New Or- 
leans, June 20, 1859; son of Henry 
Denis and Georgine (Cenas) 
Denis. Married Alberta Johnston, 
daughter Gen. Albert Sidney John- 
ston, Confederate hero, at Los Angeles, Nov. 30, 
1885. Was one daughter, Alberta Denis (deceased). 
From his fifth to fourteenth year, Mr. Denis 
was in France and there received preliminary edu- 
cation in the Cibot-Melin Institute, Paris. Re- 
turning to America, attended Beechwood Academy, 
Osyka, Miss., and Christian Brothers' School at 
Pass Christian, Miss. Later entered Washington 
and Lee University, Lexington, Va., graduating 
1878, with degree A. B. In 1880 was graduated 
from Tulare University Law School, New Orleans. 
Practiced law there two years. In 1882, removed 
to Los Angeles; joined the "Times" as a reporter. 
In less than a year went to "Herald." After eight- 
een months with "Herald," he entered law office of 
S. C. Hubbell as a clerk. May, 1884, became, for 
one year, editor and owner of "Express," then re- 
sumed law practice. Was Asst. Dist. Atty., Los An- 
geles County, 1885-86, and U. S. Dist. Atty. 1888-89. 
During latter term he, with Joseph H. Call, recov- 
ered for the U. S. from the S. P. Co. millions acres 
land. In 1893-97 again served as U. S. Dist. Atty., 
and inaugurated all prosecutions under Geary Chi- 
nese Exclusion Act. During term of 1884 the great 
railroad strike, in which Eugene V. Debs was con- 
spicuous, occurred. Mr. Denis obtained the only 
convictions from a jury as result of the disturb- 
ances. From 1899-03, served as member Code Com- 
mission, which revised laws of California. In 1886 
formed partnership with Max Loewenthal, which 
still exists. For many years firm has been attorneys 
for S. P. Ry. Co., and in 1907 obtained judgment of 
$1,500,000 against Cal. Development Co. Member, 
Calif., Annandale Country and L. A. Country clubs. 


ELM, LYNN, Attorney, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in 
Chicago, 111., Oct. 29, 1857, and is 
the son of Henry Thomas Helm, a 
distinguished lawyer of Illinois, 
and Julia Lathrop Helm. He was 
married April 26, 1888, in Chicago, to Annie Hor- 
lock, and three children have been born to them, 
Elisabeth, Lynn, Jr., and Harold Helm. 

Mr. Helm entered Lake Forest Academy in 1865 
and there received bis education and preparation 
for college, leaving in 1875 for Princeton Univer- 
sity, from which he was graduated in 1879 with the 
degree of A. B. He received the degree of Master 
of Arts in 1882. 

After leaving college he studied law in the office 
of his father, and in 1881 was admitted to practice 
in Indiana and Illinois. 

He practiced in Chicago until 1896, when he 
moved to Los Angeles, and since that time has 
handled many notable cases, among them the Lowe 
and Dobbins gas cases and the case of Dobbins vs. 
City of Los Angeles, which he won finally in the 
Supreme Court of the United States. 

He has been Referee in Bankruptcy of the 
United States District Court of Southern District 
of California for Los Angeles County since 1901, 
and also acted as Master in Chancery for the 
United States Circuit Court in that district. He 
also has written several legal works and was se- 
lected as a commissioner to the Conference on Uni- 
form Laws and contributed much to the new ideas 
embodied in the work of that body. 

Mr. Helm is a member of the State, City and 
American Bar Associations and is president of the 
State Bar Association. 

He is a director of the University Club, and also 
belongs to the California Club, Los Angeles Country 
Club, Annandale Country Club and the Crags 
Country Club. 



Capitalist, San Francisco, 
California, was born at Ken- 
osha, Wisconsin, March 4, 
1860, the son of Charles Cur- 
tis Brown and Katherine Jane Brown. He 
married Harriet Walker at Oakland, Cali- 
fornia, January 1, 1894, and of their union 
there have been born three children, Kath- 
erine (now Mrs. Thorn- 
ton White), Lawrence 
Walker and Harriet 
Walker Brown. 

He began at an early 
age to fight the battles of 
life and has been at it 
ever since, and has been 
with a constantly enlarg- 
ing field of operations, as 
well as a considerable 
number of victories to 
his credit. Leaving the 
St. James Parish School, 
of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
when he was just twelve 
years of age, he found 
employment in the gen- 
eral offices of the North 
Western Telephone Com- 
pany, at Kenosha. The 
following year he shifted 
the scene of his youthful 
activities to the office of 
the North Western Wov- 
en Wire Mattress Com- 
pany, and remained with 
this corporation for ten 
years, getting his commercial experience and 
taking his course in what he has called the 
"University of Hard Knocks." 

With a degree, of useful knowledge at 
least, of what the struggle for success means, 
he moved in 1883 to Portland, Oregon, where 
he became Secretary of the Staver, Walker 
Company, and when the firm was succeeded 
by Mitchell, Lewis and Staver, retained his 
secretaryship in the new company. He was 
also made secretary of the Portland Trac- 
tion Company to the considerable increase 
of his income and of his opportunities. 

In 1893 Mr. Brown moved to San Fran- 
cisco to act as Pacific Coast agent of the 
Washburn & Moen Manufacturing Company 
of Worcester, Mass. This was succeeded 
by the American Steel and Wire Company, 
with which he remained as Pacific Coast 
manager until 1900. He then became general 
sales agent for the Shelby Steel Tube Com- 

pany, with headquarters at Cleveland, Ohio. 
He had not been in Oakland long, however, 
before his ideas began to expand, possibly 
under the influence of the climate and the 
contagion of progress ; and in 1903 he organ- 
ized the Pacific Steel and Wire Company for 
which he became the general manager. With 
this fresh stimulus to larger endeavors he 
soon formed the Telephone Electric Equip- 
ment Company, and later 
seeing the great promise 
of the oil fields, and of 
the development of power 
in California he organized 
the Palmer Oil Company, 
the Great Western Power 
Company and many other 
large corporations. 

Mr. Brown has been 
very active in develop- 
ment and construction 
work that will benefit not 
only the individuals most 
directly concerned, but 
also the state at large. 
And this is especially 
true of his connections 
with the preparations for 
the Panama-Pacific Ex- 
position. From the start 
he has been a member of 
the executive and ex- 
ploitation committees, so 
ardent and busy in the 
cause that his own im- 
portant private affairs 
have suffered somewhat. 


Characteristically, he has devoted his ener- 
gies to the work, and regards whatever suc- 
cess he may attain therein as a personal as 
well as a civic duty and triumph. And in the 
meantime he manages to prove his good 
citizenship by his activity on the executive 
committee of the California Development 
Board, and on the council of the Unitarian 
Club of San Francisco. 

Mr. Brown's club life is no exception in 
the variety of his interests. He is a popular 
member of the Bohemian, the Cosmos, the 
Commercial, the Unitarian, Union League 
and Press Clubs of San Francisco, and of the 
Claremont Country Club of Oakland, the 
Arlington of Portland, Oregon; the Lawyers 
of New York, as well as of the Society of 
Colonial Wars and Sons of the American 

Though a San Franciscan in spirit, he 
has resided in Oakland since 1893. 


OLE, LOUIS, M., Merchant, 
Los Angeles, California, is a 
native of Chicago, Illinois, 
born March 24, 1870. His 
father is Dr. Samuel Cole, of 
Chicago, Illinois, and his mother Ricka (Din- 
kelspiel) Cole. On January 6, 1904, he mar- 
ried Frida Hellman at Los Angeles. 

Mr. Cole received his early education in 
the Grammar and High 
Schools of Denver. Colo- 
rado, and later took a 
business course at the 
Bryant and Stratton Busi- 
ness College in Chicago. 

In 1887, he moved to 
California and entered 
the employ of the Kutner- 
Goldstein Company at 
Hanford, as bookkeeper. 
He remained at that point 
in this capacity and that 
of manager until January, 
1892, when he was ap- 
pointed to the position of 
manager of the com- 
pany's branch store at 
Fowler, California. He 
remained there a few 
months and then was 
shifted to Lemoore, Cali- 
fornia, to take charge of 
another store for the same 
company. He managed 
that business until 1896, 
when he resigned to go 
into business for himself. 


He opened a general merchandise store at 
Huron, Fresno County, California, and soon 
built up a lucrative trade. He tired of the 
small town, however, and in 1897, sold out 
and returned to his native city Chicago. He 
remained in Chicago from 1897 until 1901 and 
for two years of that time, 1899 and 1900, was 
on the road for a Chicago house. 

In the month of January, 1901, he decided 
to return to California and settled at Bakers- 
field, occupying the position of general man- 
ager of another large merchandise concern. 
He held this place for more than two years 
and during that time did much to improve the 
business of his employer. 

October, 1903, Mr. Cole resigned his posi- 
tion in Bakersfield and moved to Los An- 
geles with the intention of starting business 
again for himself. After looking over his 
ground for two months, he bought into the 
Simon Levi Company, then in its infancy. 

He has been actively engaged in the affairs 
of this company ever since and is at present 
treasurer of the company. 

When he entered the Levi Company, it 
was only a few months old, with a compara- 
tively small amount of business. Today it is 
one of the largest produce and grocer's spe- 
cialty corporations in the Southwest, doing a 
yearly business that runs far beyond the mil- 
lion dollar mark. 

The company has a 
subsidiary known as the 
Royal Packing Company 
and of this Mr. Cole is 

Mr. Cole is a man of 
diversified interests, 
which cover many lines 
in Southern California. 
In addition to the Simon 
Levi Company, he is 
treasurer of the Herman 
W. Hellman Building in 
Los Angeles, one of the 
modern office structures 
of the city, having held 
the office since 1908. 
About a year after he was 
given this office he was 
made president of the 
Purcell, Gray, Gale Com- 
pany, Inc., a large insur- 
ance agency company op- 
erating in California and 
the entire Southwest. 

Another important con- 
cern with wnich Mr. Cole 
became identified in 1909, is the American 
Warehouse and Realty Company of which 
he is secretary. 

In the little more than seven years fol- 
lowing his arrival in Los Angeles, Mr. Cole 
has risen to a prominent position in com- 
mercial affairs. He is a director of the 
Chamber of Commerce and was president of 
the Produce Exchange covering the years 
1906-7 and 1907-8. He is an influential, pub- 
lic-spirited man who is doing much towards 
the upbuilding of Los Angeles. Mr. Cole 
has never held any political office, but has 
always taken a keen interest in politics and 
is a fighter for clean government. 

He is a member of the Cosmos Club of 
San Francisco and several clubs in Los An- 
geles, among them the San Gabriel Valley 
Country, Los Angeles Athletic and the Con- 
cordia. He is a Knight of Pythias, an Elk, 
Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner. 






Mining, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia, was born in the town of 
New Madrid, Missouri, May 
3, 1866, the son of Edmund 
Powell and Virginia Nash (Fontaine) Pow- 
ell. He married Miss Allie Moore Jewell, 
November 26, 1884, at Hagerstown, Mary- 
land, and of their union there have come five 
children Jennie Jewell, Ralph Edmund, 
Ruth Fontaine, George Benedict and Dor- 
othy Anne Powell. 

Mr. Powell's education spread over a 
period of many years and was divided into 
three parts. First he attended private schools 
and studied under tutors in his home town, 
then went to the public schools of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and finally entered Washington 
and Lee University, at Lexington, Virginia. 
Immediately upon the conclusion of his 
college work Mr. Powell engaged in mercan- 
tile business and other pursuits in Missouri, 
but removed to Virginia in the early nine- 
ties and there he became secretary and treas- 
urer of the Buena Vista Company, a respon- 
sible concern engaged in mining, manufac- 
turing and town building. While there Mr. 
Powell, in a manner characteristic of the 
man, took an active part in the affairs of 
Buena Vista and served as a member of the 
City Council. 

He remained in Buena Vista until the lat- 
ter part of the year 1895, but at that time 
moved to Bessemer, Gogebic County, Mich- 
igan, where he was engaged with Ferdinand 
Schlesinger. Schlesinger had formerly been 
the iron ofe king of the Lake Superior dis- 
trict, owning some of the largest mines, rail- 
roads and ore boats on the Great Lakes. In 
the early nineties he had failed in business, 
and, turning all of his property over to his 
creditors went to Mexico. There he recouped 
his shattered fortunes to a considerable de- 
gree, and it was on his return to the Michi- 
gan fields that Mr. Powell became associated 
with him in the iron ore business. During 
the next five years Mr. Powell worked assid- 
uously with Schlesinger and in that time 
aided him greatly in his work of re- 
establishing himself in the business world. 
His work in the interests of Schlesinger 

attracted the attention of iron and ore lead- 
ers to Mr. Powell, and by the beginning of 
January, 1900, his reputation as an expert and 
manager had become such that he was pre- 
vailed upon by the Carnegie Company to en- 
ter into the work of developing ore properties 
for it. The Carnegie Company previously had 
been interested somewhat in the iron ore busi- 
ness, but at this time decided to go into it 
more actively than ever before. Accordingly, 
Mr. Powell was appointed agent for the Oli- 
ver Iron Mining Company and vice president 
of the Pittsburg Steamship Company. Both 
these organizations were subsidiaries of the 
Carnegie Company and had charge, respec- 
tively, of the mining and steamship ore trans- 
portation ends of it. 

Mr. Powell made his headquarters in Du- 
luth, Minnesota, situated in the heart of the 
Northern Ore ranges and one of the greatest 
ore shipping points in the world. There, as 
in his previous connection with Mr. Schles- 
inger, Mr. Powell won fame for himself 
and added largely to his standing in his 

When the United States Steel Corpora- 
tion, capitalized at $1,000,000,000, was organ- 
ized, it took in not only the largest steel and 
iron companies in the United States, but also 
took the best men from each company to be 
directing powers in the new concern. The 
magnitude of the Steel Corporation and its 
operations is known to everyone and its suc- 
cess is due largely to the work of the picked 
men who became the executive heads of its 
various departments. Mr. Powell was one of 
these men, chosen for the post of assistant to 
the president of the Oliver Iron Mining Com- 
pany, which bore the same relation to the 
steel combine as it had to the Carnegie Com- 
pany before the latter was absorbed. To this 
company was assigned all of the mining busi- 
ness of the corporation, and Mr. Powell's part 
in its affairs was even more important than 
it had been previously. 

In addition to his office as assistant to the 
president, Mr. Powell was appointed vice 
president of the steamship company and thus 
continued the work he had begun several 
years before in the employ of the Carnegie 



These two offices gave Mr. Powell direct 
charge of the mining and transportation de- 
partments of the world's greatest industrial 
institution, and subsequently he was placed 
in charge of its timber land department, 
which put him actively in charge of all its 
timber and ore holdings. In this capacity 
he purchased thousands of acres for his 

In January, 1906, after having spent more 
than ten years in the Northern Ore regions, 
during which he acquired international prom- 
inence as a mining operator, Mr. Powell de- 
serted the iron and steel industry for copper. 
He resigned his position with the Steel Cor- 
poration and went at once to Bisbee, Arizona, 
where he became vice president and general 
manager of the Calumet and Arizona and 
allied interests in charge of their mines and 
smelter operations. 

At this period of his career Mr. Powell 
began works quite as extensive and important 
as those he had performed in the interest of 
the Steel Corporation. They included, in ad- 
dition to his mining and smelting activities, 
the building of railroads, property develop- 
ment and town making. 

This part of his life Mr. Powell justly re- 
gards with pride, for when he started in the 
development of the copper properties now 
known as the Superior and Pittsburg Copper 
Company his friends and others in the busi- 
ness thought he was going up against a hope- 
less task. He persisted, however, matching 
his faith and experience against the opinions 
of the men who predicted failure as the only 
reward for his efforts. He was undertaking a 
monumental contract in trying to make these 
properties pay, but with characteristic energy 
and determination he went at it and continued 
at it, until today the company's holdings are 
regarded as some of the best copper enter- 
prises in the land. 

This successful accomplishment will al- 
ways stand as a memorial to the ability and 
perseverance of the man. 

The Superior and Pittsburg was not the 
only great success of Mr. Powell, however, 
for when he took charge of the smelter of the 
Calumet and Arizona it was in an extraordi- 
narily poor condition. He caused it to be re- 
built to a large extent and then put in 

Mr. Powell was the main factor in the 
founding of Warren, Arizona, the beautiful 
little suburban town just outside of Bisbee, 
and he constructed the Warren-Bisbee Elec- 
tric Railroad lines, connecting the two places. 

Warren today is a thriving town and is rap- 
idly becoming an attractive residence place, 
Mr. Powell himself making his home there, 
although his office is in Los Angeles. 

After his first successes in the copper 
fields of Arizona, Mr. Powell became gen- 
eral manager of the Cananea Central Copper 
Company, vice president of the Cananea Con- 
solidated Copper Company, president of the 
Cananea-Duluth Copper Company and a num- 
ber of other corporations subsidiary to the 
Greene Cananea Copper Company, the lar- 
gest copper operators in the Southwest and 
the forces of which were responsible for open- 
ing up that field. 

All of this work in Arizona Mr. Powell 
accomplished in the remarkably short period 
of four years, and at the end of that time, or 
in July, 1910, resigned his positions with the 
Calumet and Arizona and the Superior-Pitts- 
burg companies to devote his time and atten- 
tion to his private interests. These latter in- 
clude the Elenita Development Company and 
the Powmott Development Company, in both 
of which he occupies the position of presi- 
dent; the Sierra Madre Consolidated Mining 
Company and the San Antonio Copper Com- 
pany, holding directorships in both. 

Mr. Powell is the principal factor in the 
operations of all of these enterprises and is 
today among the leading individual copper 
developers of the Southwest. 

Despite his continuous and close applica- 
tion to his work, Mr. Powell has taken a keen 
interest in politics and government wherever 
he has been, and in addition to his service as 
City Councilman in Buena Vista, Va., he was 
Chairman of the Board of County Supervisors 
of Gogebic County, Michigan, during his 
residence in that State. He was also a dele- 
gate from the Territory of Arizona to the Re- 
publican National Convention in Chicago, in 
1908, which nominated William H. Taft for 
the presidency. 

He is a member of the American Institute 
of Mining Engineers and takes a leading part 
in the affairs of that body. He is also a thir- 
ty-second degree Mason. 

His popularity in business as well as so- 
cial circles is attested by his club member- 
ships, which include the Kitchi Gammi Club 
of Duluth, Minnesota; the Old Pueblo Club 
of Tucson, Arizona, and the Douglas County 
Club of Arizona; the California and Sierra 
Madre clubs of Los Angeles, California; the 
Northland Country Club of Duluth, and the 
Warren District Country Club of Warren, 
Arizona. He is also a member of the Broth- 
erhood of Protective Order of Elks. 



ing and Exploration, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Toronto, 
Canada, December, 20, 1859, the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. William 
Phipps. He married Edith I. Belli 
at Calumet, Michigan, July 18, 1894. 

Major Phipps was descended of a fine old line of 
Britishers, with the Scotch strain predominant in 
the family. His forbears for generations had been 
prominent in the life of the Dominion and various 
branches attained distinction in the United States. 
His wife, the daughter of Camillo Belli, an Italian 
artist, comes also of a notable house, her ancestors 
having been of the Italian nobility, the possessors 
of a castle which stands to-day one of the historic 
landmarks of Italy. 

Major Phipps, noted as a man of high scholarly 
attainments, received the preliminary part of his 
education in the public schools of Toronto and 
though he was graduated from the University of To- 
ronto, he received a large part of his training at 
the hands of private tutors. From them he learned 
the higher subjects, including languages, in several 
of which he was exceptionally fluent. 

From early boyhood Major Phipps, despite the 
advantages of travel and a cultured family circle, 
preferred the out-of-doors for his habitat and his 
life is pointed to as one of the most picturesque 
in the West. When he was a young man he joined 
the Canadian militia as a cadet and because of his 
exceptional ability as a marksman and woodsman, 
was promoted to the rank of Major. While serving 
with his command, Major Phipps saw a great deal of 
active service in the Northwest, operating in con- 
junction with the celebrated Northwest Mounted Po- 
lice. With the daring men of the Mounted Police he 
endured the many hardships and dangers of their 
campaigns in the interest of peace and order. For 
days at a time he was in the saddle, with only 
short respite for food and sleep, in the pursuit of 
outlaws of that section, which, in the late sixties 
and early seventies, was one of the wildest regions 
on the North American continent. Young militia- 
men, like Major Phipps, were compelled to under- 
go unusual hardships and only the strongest of 
them survived. 

Major Phipps' father was a private banker and 
stock broker in Toronto, a man of considerable 
wealth and of substantial standing, and when his 
two sons, the Major and his brother Frank, had 
attained the age of sixteen years, they were taken 
into the bank and there trained for the business. 
While they learned the details of banking and 
brokerage they also studied at home under private 
tutors, so that when they were of age they not 
only had thorough business training, but also were 
splendidly educated in literature, languages and 
the arts. 

After attaining his majority Major Phipps left 
the employ of his father and went to the North- 
west, while his brother went into the insurance 
business and is to-day a prosperous insurance 
broker of Collinswood, Ontario. Shortly after this 
the elder Phipps sold out his banking and stock 
interests and retired from business, while Major 
Phipps, who had always a tendency to travel, vis- 
ited various parts of Western Canada and the 
United States, as a rancher, prospector and hunter. 

finally locating in Calumet, the center of the 
mineral territory of Northern Michigan. 

With a partner, Major Phipps purchased a small 
newspaper there and operated it for several years, 
he assuming the duties of editor. In this capacity 
he showed unusual talent as a writer and a poet, 
and, being a man of strong mind, did not hesitate 
to express himself editorially against evil. Through 
his virile writings he was enabled to bring about 
various reforms in the little community, but he also 
brought upon himself many bitter enmities and much 
trouble. On one occasion he was arrested and 
imprisoned for attacking a churchman in his news- 
paper, but within a short time he was vindicated 
and given his liberty, the majority of public opin- 
ion upholding him in his editorial stand. 

While in Northern Michigan Major Phipps took 
an active interest in mining affairs, in addition to 
his newspaper work, and was a stockholder in 
various mining companies, one of which was the 
celebrated Calumet & Hecla Mine. With the 
profits he made in these ventures Major Phipps 
bought into others, some of which proved success- 
ful, while others were unfortunate. Being a man 
of keen foresight and a splendid judge of ore lands, 
he was on the lookout continually for new mining 
territory and made frequent trips of exploration 
to various sections in the hunt for properties. 

It was during one of these trips that Major 
Phipps came upon the property which was destined 
to make himself and others millionaires and open 
up to development one of the richest copper mines 
in the world. He had heard of copper finds in 
Arizona, so left Michigan and went to the Bisbee- 
Warren District of the Territory, where he met 
the locators of what is now known as the Calumet 
& Arizona Mine. Securing a lease on the proper- 
ty, the Major immediately set about to organize 
the Calumet & Arizona Copper Company, having 
for his associates a number of wealthy Michigan 
friends who had been his loyal supporters at 
various hazardous periods in his newspaper career. 

After successfully promoting his company, Ma- 
jor Phipps returned to Arizona and began the ac- 
tual work of mining the copper which has since 
poured millions into the pockets of its owners. 
The Major was for several years the controlling 
stockholder and the dominating factor in the Calu- 
met & Arizona, but sold out his interests a little 
at a time, until, finally, he retained a comparative- 
ly small holding. 

Being progressive and enterprising, and a man 
of unbounded energy, the money he obtained from 
the sale of his Calumet & Arizona stocks he put 
into other properties and it was not long before 
he was one of the largest individual mining oper- 
ators in the Territory of Arizona. Among other 
properties owned by him were the Black Diamond 
Mine in Arizona, also the Dragoon, operated by the 
Dragoon Copper Company, of which he was Presi- 
dent. A third notable property controlled by him 
at one time was the Italie Mine, near Bakersfield, 
California, operated by the Italie Gold Mining Com- 
pany, in which he held the office of President. 

During his connection with these properties the 
Major was unusually active. In the management 
of his operating properties and the search for new 
deposits Major Phipps, who was a splendid horse- 
man, rode thousands of miles and is said to have 



covered practically every traversable foot of the 
Territory of Arizona. 

About the time he attained his great success 
as a copper operator, Major Phipps' attention was 
attracted to the steel industry, then on the eve of 
the great consolidation which resulted in the 
United States Steel Corporation, the billion dollar 
concern in which his relative, Henry Phipps, was 
one of the principal factors. With the foresight 
characteristic of the man, Major Phipps purchased 
holdings in a number of small steel companies in 
different parts of the United States and when the 
great consolidation was brought about took stock 
in the combine in exchange for his smaller inter- 
ests. His business judgment in this deal was 
vindicated by the realization of a handsome for- 
tune from the increase in the value of his stocks 
a few years later. 

About the year 1905, Major Phipps, who had 
been wont to divide his time between Arizona and 
Pittsburg, established his headquarters in Los An- 
geles, and there, besides looking after his mining 
and steel business, became interested in various 
other business enterprises. One of these was the 
American Machinery & Construction Company, 
of which he was a Director, and another was the 
Mason Smokeless Combustion Company, in which 
he was President and a heavy stockholder. This 
company was organized for the manufacture of a 
patented device designed to arrest smoke from 
manufacturing plants and thereby add to the clean- 
liness of municipalities. 

While a man of diversified business interests, 
Major Phipps was always the cultivated man of 
many talents, a scholar, poet, literateur, raconteur 
and fine host. His study of many subjects made him 
regarded by his friends, who included brilliant 
writers, artists, lawyers and doctors, as one of the 
most thoroughly posted men in the United States. 
He has been described by John McGroarty, a 
well known California editor, as one of the most 
profound students of literature and history with 
whom he had ever come in contact. This was in- 
stanced in 1911, when Mr. McGroarty was at work 
on the celebrated "Mission Play," a story of the 
monastery days in California which was staged 
in the environment of the historic San Gabriel Mis- 
sion. Knowing Major Phipps' capacity for histor- 
ical knowledge, Mr. McGroarty, who was a warm 
personal friend of the Major, sought his advice on 
various matters connected with the preparation of 
this beautiful dramatic effort. The result was that 
Major Phipps collaborated with him on a part of 
it and his assistance was later declared by Mr. Mc- 
Groarty to have been of great value to him. 

In his earlier days Major Phipps was a famous 
hunter of big game and stalked his quarry from 
the mountains of America to the wilds of Africa. 
He had a wonderful fund of hunting anecdotes and 
some of his exploits formed the basis, at different 
times, of interesting fiction. He not only was a 
splendid shot and a huntsman, but he also was an 
enthusiastic fisherman and in his latter days his 
collection of fishing tackle, including some excep- 
tionally fine rods and reels, was one of his choicest 

The Major's wife shared with him this love of 
the open country and accompanied him on many 
of his expeditions. In fact, for several years they 
spent their vacations in the mountains, taking with 

them some of their closest friends, and spending 
several months in fishing and hunting. On these 
expeditions they traveled in a specially appointed 
camp wagon, drawn by powerful mules, and, having 
a corps of cooks and attendants, they enjoyed the 
life of freedom which appealed to both so strongly. 
At a later period Major Phipps had a magnificent 
camp wagon constructed from plans drawn by him- 
self, which contained many original ideas for an 
outfit of this kind, including a perfectly appointed 
kitchen and folding beds. This entire establishment 
was drawn by a span of magnificent horses, valued 
at $1500 apiece, instead of mules as formerly used. 

In his home life Major Phipps was a lavish host 
and entertained his intimates frequently at select 
little banquets, which were notable for their charm 
of appointment and the interesting forms of en- 
tertainment. At these gatherings Mrs. Phipps was 
a gracious hostess and she, being a singer of ex- 
ceptional talent, aided largely in their success. 

One of Major Phipps' most intimate friends and 
guests at these affairs was Dr. M. L. Moore, of Los 
Angeles, who was his physician for five years. 
Major Phipps and Dr. Moore were born on the 
same day and it was their custom to celebrate 
their birthdays together. 

During the Summer of 1911 Major Phipps be- 
came ill and after being confined to his bed for 
several weeks, died on August 2, 1911. His demise 
was a great shock to Mrs. Phipps, for during the 
seventeen years of their married life they had been 
inseparable companions. 

Being a man of scholarly instincts, Major Phipps' 
friends were among the most intellectual class of 
every community wherein he chanced to be, but 
he was mourned by many others than his im- 
mediate circle, for he was a generous philanthropist, 
noted for the fact that he never sent a supplicant 
away empty-handed. During the last few years of 
his life he maintained a private list of benefactions, 
the beneficiaries being unknown even to his most 
intimate friends. In this way he gave away thou- 
sands of dollars annually. One of his best known 
philanthropies was the sustaining of old friends of 
his mining days who had not been so fortunate as 
he in their search for fortune, and it was said of 
him that he had enabled scores of them to get a 
new start in life. 

Major Phipps possessed a great deal of individ- 
uality and this was forcibly illustrated in his per- 
sonal life and surroundings. He had a penchant 
for precious stones and possessed a private col- 
lection of gems, possibly one of the largest and 
most diversified in the United States. 

He loved the beautiful things in life, and al- 
though he had mining properties and other busi- 
ness interests in various parts of the United States 
and Mexico, to which he could have devoted all his 
time, he preferred his books or painting (for he 
was a capable artist in addition to his other accom- 
plishments) to the mere wealth that his properties 

Following the death of Major Phipps, his widow 
traveled for some months, but later settled in a 
beautiful home in Hollywood, Los Angeles. 

Mrs. Phipps has carried on the philanthropies 
of Major Phipps to a certain extent and plans at a 
future date to establish a sanitarium on a splendid 
ranch which she owns near Duarte, California, as 
a memorial to her husband. 



NOX, FRANK, Banking, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, was born at 
Washington, Iowa, the son 
of William Knox and Eliza- 
beth (Short) Knox. He mar- 
ried Julia M. Granby, at Red Oak, Iowa, in 
1882, and to them there have been born 
three children : De Witt, George G. and 
Frances May Knox. His father being a 
farmer and stock raiser, 
Mr. Knox spent his early 
days on the farm. 

He attended the pub- 
lic schools and wOund up 
his studies with a brief 
attendance at Washing- 
ton Academy, in his na- 
tive town. 

Mr. Knox began his 
business career as mes- 
senger for the First Na- 
tional Bank of Washing- 
ton, Iowa, at the age of 
fifteen years and contin- 
ued with that organiza- 
tion until he had attained 
the position of Assistant 

He resigned from that 
post in 1885 and then 
moved to Osborne, Kan- 
sas, where he organized 
the First National Bank, 
in which he was one of 
the principal owners and 

This was the real be- 
ginning of his career as a financier, and in 
addition to his holdings at Osborne he be- 
came associated as President and chief owner 
of two State banks in the Sunflower State. 
He was actively engaged in the conduct of 
the three institutions until November, 1889, 
and at that time he decided to move further 

Accordingly he sold out all of his inter- 
ests in the Kansas institutions and went to 
Salt Lake City, Utah. He arrived there in 
January, 1890, and immediately set about 
organizing the National Bank of the Re- 

This concern was opened for business in 
May, 1890, and Mr. Knox was chosen its 
president and general manager. 

He has continued as such ever since 
and has been the directing factor in all its 
success during the twenty-one years that 
have elapsed. 


The bank began business as a brand new 
enterprise, without any old following, the in- 
tegrity and financial strength of its backers 
being its best recommendation. It has grown 
to be one of the largest financial institutions 
between Denver and the Pacific Coast, being 
a Government depository with the largest 
deposits of any National bank in the State. 
Mr. Knox's time has been given over al- 
most entirely to the man- 
agement of the bank, and 
as a consequence he has 
had little opportunity to 
engage actively in any 
other business. 

His interests outside 
of the bank consist of 
large holdings in real 
estate in Salt Lake and 
mining in Utah and 

Mr. Knox takes an 
active part in the affairs 
of the American Bankers' 
Association, of which he 
is a prominent member. 
He has been chosen vice 
president for Utah sev- 
eral times and served one 
term on the executive 

His position in the 
financial world and his 
native energy have made 
him a man conspicuous 
in the civic upbuilding of 
Salt 'Lake City, and de- 
spite his close application to his banking du- 
ties he has always been among the leaders 
in any movement which had for its object 
the betterment of Salt 'Lake City proper and 
the State of Utah as a whole. 

He is also a generous-hearted philanthro- 
pist, bestowing his charities with lavish hand 
and little ostentation. 

Mr. Knox has been an extensive traveler 
in Europe and the United States and has a 
remarkable following of friends in financial 
circles throughout the nation. 

He has always maintained a keen, patri- 
otic interest in the political affairs of his 
adopted city, but has never held office. 

A man of striking personality and mag- 
netism, Mr. Knox is very popular among his 
associates and is a leading clubman. 

He holds memberships in the Alta Club, 
the Country Club and the Commercial Club, 
all of Salt Lake. 



General Manager, Atchison, 
Topeka and Santa Fe Rail- 
way Coast Lines, Los An- 
geles, California, was born 
at Guelph, Ontario, Canada, November 18, 
1861, the son of Arthur Wells and Georgina 
Dora (Ridout) Wells. Mr. Wells comes 
from a long line of English origin and his 
grandfather fought under 
Wellington in Spain 
against the great Napo- 
leon. He married Ger- 
trude Alice Barnard, Oc- 
tober 15, 1884, at St. 
Joseph, Missouri. There 
are two children, Helen 
A u d 1 e y and Louise 

Mr. Wells is one of 
the notable examples of 
the men who have begun 
their railroad careers in 
the humblest positions 
and through application, 
tact and ambition have 
arisen to the highest 
places. The office he 
holds now, in 1911, is one 
of the most important on 
the railroads of this 

He attended the pub- 
lic and high schools of 
Guelph, Canada, until he 
was fifteen years of age, 
and then at once entered 
the railway service to acquire an experience 
which quickly drove him to the top. 

His first work was as an apprentice ma- 
chinist in the shops of the Kansas City, St. 
Joseph & Council Bluffs Railroad at St. 
Joseph, Missouri, in the year 1876. 

He was chosen, four years later, for the 
position of clerk of the mechanical depart- 
ment of the same road. After satisfactorily 
filling this position he resigned, and with 
considerable experience gained he became 
clerk to the purchasing agent of the Atlantic 
and Pacific Railroad. 

In March, 1882, he was offered a clerical 
position at San Marcial, New Mexico, for 
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail- 

In June, 1882, he became chief clerk to 
the general superintendent of the Atlantic 
and Pacific Railroad at Albuquerque, New 
Mexico, which became another step in his 


advancement. In this position he came in 
touch with every department of railroad 
management, and it was here that he re- 
ceived the experiences which qualified him 
for higher positions. 

He wanted something besides office ex- 
periences, so he found the place of train- 
master of the same road open to him. Here 
he had direct command of the movement of 
trains, an experience 
which proved invaluable 
to him. Shortly after 
this, October, 1886, he 
was offered and accepted 
the office of assistant to 
the general manager of 
the Ohio and Mississippi 

In January, 1890, he 
accepted the general 
superintendency of the 
Ohio, Indiana and West- 
ern Railway, which was 
absorbed by the Cleve- 
land, Cincinnati, Chicago 
and St. Louis Railway, 
and was successively su- 
perintendent of the Peo- 
ria, Indianapolis and St. 
Louis divisions of that 

The Santa Fe system, 
in 1893, sought his ser- 
vices to fill the office of 
assistant to the first vice 
president of that great 
railroad. He qualified in 
this office and was given the independent 
general superintendence of the Atlantic and 
Pacific Railroad, a road where he had been 
employed in humble capacities during his 
earlier railway experiences. 

He was general superintendent of the 
Southern California Railway, and of the San 
Francisco and San Joaquin Railway, all 
three branches of the Atchison, Topeka and 
Santa Fe system. Since 1901 he has been 
general manager of the trio of roads, with 
residence and general offices at Los Angeles. 
Mr. Wells has been well liked in every 
community in which he has settled, and has 
been given social honors in all of his station 
cities. At Los Angeles he has been presi- 
dent of the California Club and is a member 
of the Pacific Union Club of San Francisco, 
the Los Angeles Country Club, the Cuya- 
maca Club of San Diego, and the Commer- 
cial Club of Albuquerque, New Mexico 


LEIGH, Geologist and Engi- 
neer, San Francisco, Califor- 
nia, was born near Modesto, 
California, August 10, 1880, 
the son of Henry Hamilton and Nora (Cough- 
lin) Hamilton. He married Mattie Dunn at 
Oroville, California, on May 27, 1905, and to 
them there was born one child, Fay Ham- 

From 1886 to 1895 Mr. 
Hamilton attended the 
public schools of Stanis- 
laus County, California, 
and in the latter year en- 
tered the University of 
the Pacific, from which he 
was graduated into Le- 
land Stanford University 
in 1898. This course was 
interrupted by two years' 
work in the mines and on 
dredgers, after which he 
returned to the Universi- 
ty and graduated with the 
degree of A. B. in 1904. 

Mr. Hamilton is an- 
other instance of the col- 
lege-trained man who 
"makes good" as a stu- 
dent and makes better as 
a graduate, thus increas- 
ing the already long roll 
of honor. A student ath- 
lete while at Stanford 
University, where he was 
a winner of the mile run 
in the inter-collegiate games, and also as a 
substitute on the football team, as well as 
something of a "dig" in his major subjects 
geology and the natural sicences he has car- 
ried into his post-graduate life a husky con- 
stitution and a well-equipped mind, which 
have contributed much to his success. 

Shortly after his graduation from Stanford 
Mr. Hamilton began his professional career 
as engineer of the Standard Consolidated 
Mining Company, at Bodie. California, and 
was soon made assistant superintendent. 
This property changed hands in 1906, and fol- 
lowing the general "shake up" that occurred 
Mr. Hamilton left for Manhattan, Nevada, 
where he was employed for two months as a 
surveyor. Returning to San Franciso, he 
secured the position as assayer for the Ymir 
Gold Mines, Ltd., of British Columbia, but 
subsequently found that "the principal thing 
that was limited was the gold." In January, 


1907, he left this limited company, somewhat 
richer in experience than in substance. 

The next four months found him acting as 
engineer for the Southern Pacific Railroad 
Company, from which employ he stepped into 
the important position of assistant geologist 
for the Associated Oil Corporation, but after 
six months in this capacity in the land de- 
partment he was promoted to the full charge 
thereof. Here he per- 
formed the valuable work 
of organizing the present 
geological department, of 
which he became chief 
geologist, with that title. 
Here, while acting as ad- 
viser, he put a staff of 
competent geologists in 
the field and laid the 
foundation of what is to- 
day the most efficient 
geological department 
that any company in the 
oil field can boast. 

In 1910 Mr. Hamilton 
became associated with 
W. P. Hammon as direc- 
tor of field operations in 
oil. These are gradually 
extending and enlarging 
the scope of his activities, 
which at present include 
the Montebello Oil Com- 
pany, the Oak Ridge, the 
Gato Ridge, the Coalinga 
Syndicate and the Oil 
Field Syndicate Oil Com- 
panies. As these, however, are in a somewhat 
tentative state of organization, their names 
are subject to change. 

Mr. Hamilton is an apt illustration of the 
value of developing one's natural bent by con- 
centrating on the work best adapted to the 
task. In his life he has followed the same 
habits of devotion to the work in hand that 
characterized his university experience and 
has had little time or inclination for clubs and 
organizations. Those to which he belongs all 
have bearing on his professional duties, and 
are the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers, American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, National Geographical Soci- 
ety and Le Conte Geological Club. He has 
contributed articles on geological subjects to 
magazines, the most important, perhaps, of 
which treatises is his paper, written in col- 
laboration with Mr. H. H. Kessler, on the 
"Orbicular Gabbro of Dehesa, California." 





Capitalist, Point Loma and San 
Diego, California, and Chicago, 
Illinois, was born at Byron, Ogle 
County, Illinois, September 2, 1850- 
His parents were James Lawrence 
Spalding and Harriet Irene (Goodwill) Spalding. 

The Spalding patronymic is a very old and hon- 
orable Anglo-Saxon name, probably derived from 
the town of Spalding, in Lincolnshire, England, 
which place gained its title from the tribal name, 
Spaldas, left by the Romans after the conquest. 

The Spaldings trace back their lineage to fhe 
sea-kings of the Baltic, for they are doubtless of 
D--p ; sh origin, and all their endowments of spirit, 
brain and brawn, show them to be still in posses- 
sion of the strenuous qualities of their fighting 
Saxou forbears. 

Members of the Spalding family have been 
prominently known in music, literature, the arts 
and sciences, from early times. In the commercial 
world, in the pulpit, as authors, journalists, jurists, - 
surgeons, and in all the learned professions, the 
name Spalding appears frequently and in high 
places. Albert Spalding, namesake and nephew of 
A. G. Spalding, is now one of the world's most 
famous violinists. 

The geographical influence of the Spalding 
family in America is wide-spread, there being 
towns named Spalding in Illinois, Michigan, Wis- 
consin, Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, Alabama, Iowa 
and Maine, this name doubtless having been given 
in recognition of the achievements or personal 
worthiness of descendants of Edward Spalding, of 
the Massachusetts Bay colony, who, first coming 
to Virginia, about A. D. 1619, later took up his 
home in New England, where he founded the 
American branch of the Spalding family. 

When Albert G. Spalding was about eight years 
old, his father died and the lad removed with his 
mother from Byron to Rockford, Illinois, where he 
entered the public schools and laid the foundation 
for his education. 

The Spaldings had always been noted for splen- 
did physical development, strong, aggressive tem- 
perament, keen and analytical judgment. It was 
quite natural then that a scion of such a family 
should early in life manifest the possession of 
faculties peculiarly adapting him for the great 
American game of baseball, which made its advent 
only a few years in advance of his olrth. He first 
learned of this pastime from a paroled soldier of 
the Civil War, who, returning from the front, 
wounded, brought to Rockford interesting stories 
of a new game played by soldiers of both armies 
between engagements on the field of battle. 

Young Spalding soon found himself practicing 
this new sport with his companions on the com- 
mons at Rockford. He was quick to acquire the 
rudiments of the game and gained especial pro- 
ficiency as a pitcher in a very short time. He first 
played with the juvenile Pioneers, composed of 
Rockford school boys, but it was not long until his 
services were in demand in teams made up of 
players much older than he. He was secured by 
the Forest City Club, of Rockford, for which or- 
ganization he won deserved fame, for the players 
of that team defeated every ball club of any pre- 
tensions in the Middle West and then went upon 
a sensationally victorious journey through the 
large cities of the East- 

From the Forest Citv amateur club he was in- 
duced to go to the original Boston Club of profes- 
sionals, for which organization he won the cham- 

pionship pennant four years in succession 1872-3-4 
and 5. He then went with some of his Boston 
teammates to Chicago, in 1876, where, pitching for 
the White Stockings, of which he was also man- 
ager, he again won the flag, establishing a record 
that has never yet been equaled by any profes- 
sional league pitcher. During these five years, Be 
played almost daily, pitching in nearly every game. 

In 1876, he was instrumental, with William A. 
Hulbert, in organizing the National League of 
Baseball Clubs. This marked an era in the game, 
for previous to that date all national organizations 
had been associations of baseball players. 

Coincident with the formation of the great pio- 
neer major league, Mr. Spalding threw himself, 
with all the force of his energetic, battling nature, 
into a fight for the elimination of drunkenness, 
rowdyism and gambling from the national pastime. 
To his efforts, as to those of no other man perhaps, 
is due the fact that these evils, which at one time 
threatened the very life of America's national 
game, were driven out. 

Ever since the formation of the National League, 
until the organization of the National Commission, 
Mr. Spalding has been prominent in the councils 
of those who have directed the large affairs of the 
game, and in 1901, when a concerted effort was 
made by certain magnates to syndicate baseball as 
the theatrical interests of the country have been 
gathered under a trust he made the fight single- 
handed that resulted in the overthrow of a scheme 
that would have prostituted a nation's pastime. 

One of the most notable achievements of Mr. 
Spalding's baseball career was the organization 
and carrying out of a project to introduce the 
American game to foreign lands. This he did in 
1888, by enlisting the services of two teams of star 
professionals, whom he took on a world girdling 
voyage, visiting Hawaii, New Zealand, Australia, 
India, Egypt, Italy, France and Great Britain, play- 
ing games in all those counties, showing its quali- 
ties before the peoples of the Antipodes, exhibiting 
its peculiarities with the Sphinx as a back stop, 
and demonstrating the ability of American base- 
ball players to acquit themselves with credit in 
contests with the best of British cricketers at the 
national game of Great Britain and her colonies. 

In 1911, Mr. Spalding published a book entitled 
"America's National Game," which is the most pre- 
tentious volume ever written on the subject of 
baseball. This book has had a very wide sale, 
which still continues, owing to its historical excel- 
lence and literary merits. 

While paying a visit to England in 1874, in con- 
nection with the first trip of American ball players 
to a foreign country, Mr. Spalding's quick eye de- 
tected commercial conditions that led to the later 
establishment of the great sporting goods house of 
A- G. Spalding & Bros. In seeking to secure an 
outfit that would equip him to play the game of 
cricket in good form, Mr. Spalding noted that in 
London shops everything was specialized. Did he 
want a cricket ball, he must get it from one house. 
Did he want a cricket hat or cap, he must go to 
another. For a cricket uniform or shoes, he had to 
find the shop of Smith, or Jones, or Robinson. The 
result of his tedious shopping inspired in his 
mind the question, Why not have an athletic goods 
emporium where all the accessories of sport can be 
bought under one roof? Why should there not be 
established a house where the uniforms and imple- 
ments of every form of sport could be purchased? 

The problem thus presented to the ambitious 
young ball player filled his mind until it found a 



solution in the formation, in 1876, of a copartner- 
ship between A. G. Spalding and his brother, J. 
Walter Spalding, at Chicago. The history of A. G. 
Spalding & Bros, has no place here, but the fact 
that the business of the small concern that was 
founded in 1876 has grown until it requires the aid 
of an army of employes, and branch houses in all 
leading cities of the United States, Canada, Great 
Britain and Australia to meet the demands upon it, 
is certainly a tribute to the business sagacity of 
A. G. Spalding, its founder. 

Mr. Spalding has had a political career, brief but 
sensational. The first primary election of Cali- 
fornia bearing upon the choice of U. S. Senator, 
was held August 16, 1910. The last preceding Leg- 
islature had enacted the first measure providing 
for such an election. The bill had provoked much 
discussion and occupied a good deal of the session. 
Finally, shortly before adjournment, it was enacted 
into law, receiving the unusual endorsement of a 
unanimous vote of all members, representing every 
shade of political partisanship. 

The law as passed provided for a choice of can- 
didates for the United States Senatorship fty the 
several legislative districts of the State. It was 
in accord with the spirit of the Constitution of the 
United States. It was to safeguard the rights and 
interests of the people of all sections. It was recog- 
nized that by no other means could fair represen- 
tation be given to suburban peoples. It was known 
that choice of representatives in the upper house 
of Congress, under popular vote, would mean the 
selection invariably of candidates from the con- 
gested localities; that the rural districts, though 
having plenty of available Senatorial timber, would 
forever be eliminated, as in other vears. from all 
hopes of preferment for their favorite sons. 

There had been for a long time in California an 
unwritten political law that United States Sena- 
torial representation should alternate between the 
northern and southern sections of the State; that 
is. that when the Senator who was to continue in 
office had his home north of the Tehachapi the one 
to be elected should live south of that line. It 
happened that first after the passage of the pri- 
mary law, the election to be held was to fill the 
place made vacant in the United States Senate by 
the expiration of the term of Senator Frank Flint, 
of Los Angeles- As Hon. Geo. Perkins, the hold- 
over Senator, was from Oakland, it was conceded 
that the new candidate should be from the South. 

Senator Flint declining to be a candidate for re- 
election. Los Angeles placed two Republicans in 
the field, John D. Works (Lincoln-Roosevelt fac- 
tion), and Mr. E. A. Meserve, the opposition. 

Prominent citizens of San Diego, and friends 
from different parts of the State, urged Mr. Spalding 
to enter the race. He declined the honor, assuring 
his would-be constituents that he had no political 
ambitions: had never been a candidate for public 
office "nd had no faith to believe he could be made 
United States Senator under existing political con- 
ditions in California, since he belonged to no fac- 
tion, but was simply a Republican. His friends, 
however, were importunate, and he at last con- 
sented, reluctantly, to be a candidate. 

He had jnst thirty days in which to make his 
campaign. The primary election was held August 
10. The result showed that A. G. Spalding had 
carried the legislative districts of the State, under 
the nrimarv law, by an overwhelming majority 
over both his competitors. E. A. Meserve received 
the vote in five districts. John D. Works had ma- 
jorities in forty districts, and A. G. Spalding carried 
seventy-five districts, and, many eminent lawyers 

declared, was clearly entitled to an election by 
the Legislature under a law of its own enactment. 

Then began a remarkable exhibition of political 
pulling and hauling to secure the election of John 
D. Works. The Spalding people contended that in- 
asmuch as Mr. Spalding had carried a majority of 
the districts he should be elected U. S. Senator by 
the Legislature when it assembled. The Works peo- 
ple held to the view that the popular majority se- 
cured by Works entitled him to the Senatorship. The 
controversy raged fiercely over the construction of 
the primary law and as to whether or not members 
of the Legislature were bound by the will of the 
voters in their district as reflected in the election. 

The political organization which was in control 
of the State and the State Legislature declared 
that Works should be chosen and Mr. Spalding was 
defeated. Former U. S. Senator Cornelius Cole of 
Los Angeles declared this defeat of Mr. Spalding 
and the election of John D. Works "the most in- 
famous political outrage of modern times." 

Whatever the merits of the controversy in other 
respects, the fact remains that the contention in be- 
half of Spalding's choice was based upon the strict 
letter of the primary law, while that of his competi- 
tor was founded solely upon the desires of political 
party managers. 

Since making his home in California, about a 
dozen years ago, Mr. Spalding has been deeply in- 
terested in and closely connected with the good 
roads movement. He began by personal activity 
in behalf of road improvement in the vicinity of 
his home on Point Loma. The excellence of the 
roads constructed by him, at his own expense, 
attracted attention of the people of San Diego, who, 
through the local authorities, urged him to build a 
similar road connecting the city with Ocean Beach, 
Roseville and the United States Military and Naval 
Reservation. This has become famous as one of 
the best boulevard systems of America. It was 
largely through Mi. Spalding's personal efforts that 
the Government was induced to make an appropria- 
tion of $40,000 for an extension of this system 
along the crest of Point Loma, to the Old Spanish 
Lighthouse, a magnificent scenic drive. 

As a result of his boulevard work, he was urged 
to take charge of a movement to secure a bond is- 
sue of $1,250,000 for the construction of about 500 
miles of roads in the back county of San Diego 
County. The issue carried by a very large majority 
of the county votes, and a Commission (A. G. Spald- 
ing, John D. Spreckels and E. W. Scripps) was ap- 
pointed to undertake the enterprise. The work was 
placed in the hands of A. B. Fletcher (later Chief 
Eng., Cal. State Highway Comms.), who laid the 
foundation for the system. 

Mr. Spalding was elected Vice Pres. of the 
"Ocean-to-Ocean" Highway Assn., with headquar- 
ters at Los Angeles; but learning that the organiza- 
tion proposed to construct the western length 
through a pathless desert of shifting sands, he de- 
clined to serve. 

Mr. Spalding is President and executive head 
of the San Diego Securities Company, having an 
authorized capital of $2,000,000, with $1,250,000 paid 
up. The company owns in fee simple several miles 
of harbor frontage on San Diego Bay, and consid- 
erably over one thousand acres of beautiful villa 
property on the scenic crest of Point Loma. It also 
owns valuable property at National City as well as 
the land upon which is located the club house and 
18-hole course of the Point Loma Golf Club. 

Mr. Spalding is a member of the French Legion 
of Honor, and possesses the medal of that order. 
He belongs to numerous social and commercial 
clubs in the larger cities of the country. 


Consulting Gas Engineer, New 
York, N. Y., Los Angeles and 
San Francisco, California, was 
born in Nashville, Tennessee, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1870, the son of Albert 
Read Barrett and Marie Louise (Barnes) Barrett. 
He married Charlotte Josephine Ricker at Law- 
rence, Massachusetts, October 13, 1893, and to them 
there was born a daughter, Gretchen Crommelin 
Barrett. He is descended of 
old American stock, his an- 
cestors on both sides of the 
family having been men of 
affairs in the days of the 
Revolution. One of these, 
John Crommelin, of New 
York City, was one of the 
original organizers of Trinity 
Parish, and his great grand- 
uncle, John Barrett, gave 
his life to the Republic at 
the Battle of Lexington. 
Lewis Barnes, his maternal 
great-g randfather, was a 
banker at Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, and the owner 
of a line of ocean ships sail- 
ing between New York and 
France. B. F. Barrett, his 
paternal grandfather, estab- 
lished the Barrett Roofing 
Company of Chicago. 

Mr. Barrett received his 
early education in public and 
private schools of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, and also 
attended the first public man- 
ual training school in the 
United States, established by 
Lieutenant Robert Crawford, 
of the United States Navy. 
He concluded his studies at 
the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, graduating in the class 
of 1889 with the degree of Mechanical Engineer. 

Prior to his graduation, Mr. Barrett determined 
to specialize in gas engineering and, following the 
receipt of his degree, became Assistant Engineer 
to James E. Leadley, of the Hanley & Leadley Con- 
struction Company, which had the contract for 
building a water gas plant for the Philadelphia Gas 
Improvement Company. He continued in this po- 
sition for about eight months, resigning to become 
Assistant Superintendent of the Globe Gas Light 
Company, of Philadelphia, which was later merged 
with the United Gas Improvement Company of the 
same city. Subsequently he became Cadet Engi- 
neer in the construction department of the corpora- 
tion and was then promoted to the position of Con- 
struction Engineer, which he filled until 1893. 

At this time he went to Montgomery, Alabama, 
as General Manager of the Montgomery Railway 
& Light Company, remaining there for a year. 
During this time he brought about the consolida- 
tion of the two competing companies, thus bringing 
the business down to an economical basis. 

Returning to Pennsylvania, in 1894, Mr. Barrett 
took the management of the Lower Merion Gas 
Company, a subsidiary of the United Gas Improve- 
ment Company covering the territory from Phila- 
delphia to Paoli, Pennsylvania. After several years 


Mr. Barrett acquired all the electric properties in 
that section, and in May, 1903, merged these com- 
panies into the Merion & Radnor Gas & Elec- 
tric Company, retaining the management of the 
new concern. 

While a resident of Lower Merion Township, 
Mr. Barrett, who is a Republican in his political 
affiliations, was elected a member of the first Board 
of Commissioners of the Township, serving from 
1900 to March, 1904. While on the Board he de- 
signed and supervised the 
construction of the entire 
system of drainage in the 
place, forty-tour miles of 
sewers, and also was en- 
gaged in other civic improve- 

In January, 1904, Mr. Bar- 
rett resigned the manage- 
ment of the corporation he 
had organized and went to 
Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
where he took charge of the 
gas department of the Scran- 
ton Gas & Water Company, 
remaining in that capacity 
until 1906. 

Upon leaving Scranton, 
Mr. Barrett was appointed 
Chief Consulting Gas Engi- 
neer for J. G. White & 
Company, of New York, the 
largest engineering firm in 
the world. He still retains 
this position and during the 
six years he has occupied it 
has designed and constructed 
several notable plants in 
various parts of the United 
States. Among others he 
built the entire gas works at 
Moline, Illinois, which sup- 
plies gas to the cities of Mo- 
line and Rock Island. This 
was one of the most remark- 
able engineering feats in the history of gas con- 
struction, he having completed in seventy-eight 
days a plant having 3,000,000 feet per day capacity. 
In the early part of 1912, Mr. Barrett was com- 
missioned by his company to engineer the con- 
struction of a 12-inch natural gas pipe line 115 
miles long, extending from the Midway oil fields 
of California to the city of Los Angeles. In this 
work he occupied the unique position of managing 
himself, he being General Manager and Consult- 
ing Engineer of the Midway Gas Company, and also 
Assistant General Manager of the Southern Cali- 
fornia Gas Company. 

The work in which Mr. Barrett is engaged in 
California is one of the largest natural gas enter- 
prises- in the country and an industry of great 
importance to its home State. 

Mr. Barrett, who is generally considered one of 
the leading experts of his profession, is a member 
of the American Gas Institute, New York Electric 
Society, Natural Gas Association of America, Amer- 
ican Society of Electrical Engineers-Associate, Illi- 
nois Gas Association and the Los Angeles Chamber 
of Mines and Oil. His clubs are the Montana Club, 
Helena, Montana; Engineers' Club of Northeast 
Pennsylvania and the Los Angeles Athletic Club, 
of Los Angeles. 



Passenger Traffic Manager of the 
Santa Fe Railroad, Los Angeles, 
California, is a native of the 
Dominion of Canada. He was 
born at Hamilton, Ontario, in 
1859. His father was Andrew W. Byrne and his 
mother Mary (Flannigan) Byrne. 

In Chicago, Illinois, June 8, 1892, he married 
Mary Castle. There are three children, Constance, 
Beatrice and John Castle 

He was educated in the 
schools of Hamilton, Canada, 
in which city he spent his 
early life. 

Mr. Byrne has been a 
railroad man all of his busi- 
ness life, which began in 
1873, with the Great Western 
Railway system in Canada. 
There he worked his way 
from the position of office 
boy in that company, with 
promotion after promotion 
following in rapid succes- 
sion, until today he holds an 
enviable place in the rail- 
road world. However, the 
history of his success has 
not been a jump from office 
boy to the top, but has been 
a series of many merited ad- 
vances, with years of per- 
sistent study and the devel- 
opment of a genius for his 
chosen work. 

From office boy in the 
auditor's office of the Great Western Railway he 
was advanced to clerk in the same office, December 
19, 1877. 

On October 14, 1880, he became clerk in the 
General Passenger Agent's office of the Chicago 
and Alton Railway, with offices at Chicago. From 
that date until one year later he acted in the ca- 
pacity of rate clerk on the St. Louis, Iron Moun- 
tain and Southern Railway. 

His next advance was into the office of the Gen- 
eral Passenger Department of the Missouri Pacific 

From January 1, 1882, until March of the fol- 
lowing year he was employed in the same position 
with the Michigan Central Railwa>. 

During the next two years he was made secre- 
tary of the Chicago Railroad Association, with of- 
fices in that city, and at the same time he acted 
as chief clerk in the General Passenger office of 
the Michigan Central system. 

On April 1, 1885, he went to Oregon, where he 
became the general passenger and ticket agent of 
the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company. 


In August, 1887, he was made passenger agent 
for the Atlantic and Pacific Railway of San Fran- 
cisco, with headquarters situated in that city. He 
became a typical Western railroad man, display- 
ing that interest in the growth and upbuilding of 
the Far West which was so essential to the pros- 
perity of his interests. He devoted his princi- 
pal efforts to colonization work, thereby creat- 
ing the phenomenal growth of railway sys- 
tems on the Pacific Coast. 

From December 1, 1887, 

until the following Septem- 
ber, he acted in the capacity 
of chief clerk of the Pas- 
senger Department of the 
Chicago, Santa Fe and Cali- 
fornia Railway, with its 
headquarters located at Chi- 
cago. He was next made as- 
sistant general passenger 
and ticket agent of the road, 
which office he retained un- 
til January 1, 1890, when 
on the consolidation of that 
system with the Santa Fe 
lines he went over to the 
parent organization and re- 
mained in various capacities 
up to January 31, 1895, when 
he took up the important du- 
ties of assistant passenger 
traffic manager of that rail- 
road. Meanwhile he was 
made general passenger 
agent for the Southern Cali- 
fornia Railway, a subsidiary 
interest, and on March 1, 
1896, was appointed gen- 
eral passenger agent of the Atlantic and Pacific 
Railroads, another Santa Fe interest, both of 
which were later merged into the growing Santa 
Fe System. 

On July 1, 1899, he was made general passenger 
agent of the San Francisco and San Joaquin Valley 
Railroad, another line that was ultimately consoli- 
dated with the Santa Fe system. On October, 1905, 
he became assistant passenger traffic manager of 
the Santa Fe Railroad. 

For twenty-seven years he has been in the rail- 
road profession, during which time he has worked 
with most of the leading Western and Canadian 
railroads. When he received a position he stayed 
with it until he had successfully mastered the du- 
ties of the office, and as a result he is today ac- 
knowledged to be one of the best equipped railroad 
men in the West. His work in behalf of Southern 
California has been one of the strong factors in 
the upbuilding of that country. 

He is a member of the California, Sunset, Celtic, 
Gamut and Los Angeles Country Clubs; belongs to 
the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and the 
Merchants and Manufacturers' Association. 



WARD, Attorney at Law. 
Oakland, was born in San 
Francisco, February 19, 1863, 
the son of William S. and 
Susan Helen (Louchran) Snook. His pa- 
ternal ancestors arrived in America, from 
England, in 1812, and became residents of 
New York State, while his mother's family, 
which was of Irish ori- 
gin, settled in Vermont 
On February 19, 1889, 
Charles E. Snook . was 
married in Oakland to 
Miss Jennie Wade. The 
children of this marriage 
are Charles Wade, born 
June 19, 1890; Preston 
Edward, March 9, 1896, 
and Helen Jean Snook, 
December 30, 1898. 

From 1868 to 1875 Mr. 
Snook attended the pri- 
mary and grammar 
schools of Oakland, and 
for the next three years 
was a student at the Oak- 
land High School, which 
he left in 1879 to enter 
the employ of Goldberg, 
Bowen & Co., grocers. 

Beginning as a sugar 
boy he remained with his 
employers until he be- 
came a buyer for the 
house, in January, 1886. 
During the last two and 
a half years of this period he studied law 
under the direction of Judge S. P. Hall, of 
the Appellate Bench, and on February 1, 
1886, was admitted to the Bar in San Fran- 
cisco, prior to this time having been in court 
but once, and that time for the purpose of 
seeing a murder trial. 

Immediately after his admittance to the 
Bar Mr. Snook opened an office, with 
Messrs. Lowenthal and Sutter, at 220 San- 
some street, San Francisco, for the general 
practice of his profession. This at first was 
of very moderate proportions, but gradually 
drew him into the land law branch of it, 
where progress became somewhat more rapid. 
After one year of this connection he formed a 
partnership under the firm name of Sutter & 
Snook, and engaged in a general civil prac- 
tice, consisting chiefly of mechanics' liens, 
probate matters, etc. 

In 1888. the political field having: become 


somewhat attractive to him, Mr. Snook was 
a candidate for the office of Justice of the 
Peace, in Oakland, and was elected on the 
Republican ticket. Taking office, December 
1, 1887, he served four years, so successfully 
that he was induced to run for the District 
Attorneyship of Oakland. In this he was 
again the victor, and assumed the duties of 
his position on January 1, 1893. During his 
six years' incumbency he 
was prosecutor in a wide 
variety of cases, includ- 
ing several murder trials. 
His work attracted espe- 
cial interest during his 
prosecution of the Super- 
visors of the County of 
Alameda, who had been 
charged with paying ex- 
orbitant bills, with gen- 
eral extravagance and 
misconduct in office. 

In 1895 Mr. Snook 
formed a partnership with 
Mr. S. L. Church, who 
was his chief deputy in 
the office of District At- 
torney. This has been a 
notably happy combina- 
tion, developing an ex- 
tensive and important 
practice, especially on the 
east side of the Bay, 
chiefly in corporation 
law. Following the cus- 
E. SNOOK torn prevalent in England, 

and in most large Ameri- 
can legal firms, the partners have specialized 
in different branches of the profession, Mr. 
Snook handling the civil end and Mr. Church 
the criminal branch of the business. Mr. 
Snook was Secretary of the State Central 
Committee under Pardee, and is an enthusi- 
astic supporter of the Progressive wing 
of the party. Throughout the Pardee admin- 
istration he was attorney for the Regents of 
the University of California, but was retired 
after serving ten months of the Gillette 

His firm acts as the local attorneys for 
the W. P. Ry. Co., Oakland & Antioch Ry. 
Co., Security Bank & Trust Co., Judson Mfg. 
Co., H. C. Capwell Co., Pacific Coast Lumber 
& Mill Co., and Hale Bros. He is P. G. M. of 
the A. O. U. W., a Blue 'Lodge Mason, K. T., 
and a Mystic Shriner. 

His clubs are the Athenian and the Nile 
of Oakland. 



ANNA, GEORGE, Investments, Los 
Angeles, California, was born in 
Salem, Washington County, New 
York, December 18, 1845, the son 
of Robert Hanna and Mary Ann 
(Rea) Hanna. He is of Scotch- 
Irish descent. He married Julia Mandigo at Auro- 
ra, Illinois, on Christmas Day, 1872, and to them 
there were born two children. Rea Hanna, the 
elder, is now United States Consul at Georgetown, 
British Guiana. The daugh- 
ter is Pauline Hanna. 

Mr. Hanna attended the 
public schools of his native 
town until he was nine years 
of age and his parents mov- 
ing at that time to Illinois, 
he finished his studies in the 
public schools of Aurora. 

He began his business 
career at the age of sixteen 
years as a clerk in a grocery 
store. He only remained in 
that position about a year 
and then became a clerk in 
a drug house, where he 
worked for about two years. 
His father and brother 
owned a general merchandise 
store in Aurora, and in 1865 
Mr. Hanna bought out the 
interest of his father, who 
was desirous of retiring from 
business. The firm then be- 
came known as Hanna 
Brothers and for the next 
eight years Mr. Hanna de- 
voted his time to the busi- 

In 1873 the brothers sold 
their Aurora business and 
went to Chicago where they 
engaged in real estate opera- 
tions. They handled their 
own property, but, at the end 

of two years sold out and returned to Aurora, 
where they again engaged in the general mercan- 
tile business. In 1881, his two brothers, who were in 
partnership with him, sold their interests in the 
store and he continued it alone. He was thus en- 
gaged for about five years, when he made a trip 
. to California, and was so charmed with the country 
that he returned the following January. At that 
time he remained about two months and made some 
fortunate real estate investments which determined 
him upon locating permanently in Los Angeles. 

Accordingly, he returned to Illinois, and in Sep- 
tember, 1887, having disposed of his business there, 
he moved his family to Los Angeles. He had pur- 
chased an orange grove in the Vernon district, 
just outside of the city limits of Los Angeles, on 
his first trip We&t, and he made his home there. 
For the first five years he was engaged in orange 
growing and also took an active part in the affairs 
of Vernon, being a school Trustee and Deputy 
County Assessor. 

In the late eighties, Mr. Hanna was appointed 
Receiver for the Visalia Water Company of Tulare 
County, California, and within a few months had 
the property in a paying condition. In 1892, upon 
closing the receivership, Mr. Hanna leased his 
orange ranch at Vernon, and located temporarily 


in Tulare County. There he became interested in 
various enterprises and accepted the managership 
of a company which was engaged in extensive ir- 
rigation projects, one of which was the irrigation 
ditch from the Kaweah River to Exeter, California, 
now one of the finest orange-growing sections in 
the State of California. 

In 1895, Mr. Hanna formed the West Los Angeles 
Water Company, which supplied water to Hollywood, 
the National Soldiers' Home at Sawtelle, and other 
places adjacent to Los An- 
geles. Later Mr. Hanna and 
his associates purchased the 
West Side Water Company 
of Los Angeles and further 
extended their territory to 
include all of the western 
part of the city proper. Mr. 
Hanna was one of the princi- 
pal stockholders of this 
company and served as Gen- 
eral Manager for a period of 
twelve years. During this 
time he established himself 
as one of the pioneers in the 
field of public utilities and 
aided materially in the up- 
building of a large part of 
the West Side of Los Ange- 
les. In 1904, Mr. Hanna and 
associates sold the West 
Side Water Company and a 
portion of the holdings of the 
West Los Angeles Company, 
lying in the city limits, to 
the City of Los Angeles. 
Two years later they sold 
the remaining holdings of 
the West Los Angeles Com- 
pany to the Union Hollywood 
Water Company. 

Previous to the last 
named deal, Mr. Hanna pur- 
chased a large interest in 
the Security Land & Loan 

Company, a corporation of which H. J. Whitley 
was President and General Manager, and purchased 
about 50,000 acres of land in the San Joaquin Val- 
ley. The tract included the towns of Angiola, Cor- 
coran and Waukena, California. Mr. Hanna as- 
sumed the duties of local representative of the 
company and was one of the principal factors in 
the development of that section of California. 
He was active in that work for about three 
years and in 1910 returned to Los Angeles, where 
he acquired an interest in the Van Nuys and 
Lankershim Lands in the San Fernando Valley. 
Since that time he has been active in that locality. 
Besides the above mentioned company, Mr. 
Hanna is interested in various other enterprises, 
these including the Corcoran Water Company, of 
which he is President; the Security Land & Loan 
Company, in which he is- Vice-President, and the 
Corcoran Land Company of which he is President. 
He is interested in several banks throughout Cali- 
fornia as a Member of the BoaM of Directors. 
These are the Home Savings Bank, Los Angeles; 
First National Bank of Corcoran, Vir^t National 
Bank of Van Nuys, and the Bank of Lani?rrshim. 

Mr. Hanna is a member of the Hollywood Lodge 
of Masons and a prominent Republican, although 
he takes no active part in politics. 



BROOK, Attorney at Law, 
and President of the San 
Francisco Bar Association, 
was born at Marysville, Cali- 
fornia, December 14, 1850, the son of Charles 
Lindley and Anna Eliza (Downey) Lindley. 
His paternal ancestors came to this country 
from England about the year 1684 and set- 
tled in Connecticut, while 
his mother's family, 
which was of Scotch or- 
igin, chose Virginia as a 
place of residence. His 
forbears on both sides of 
the house fought in the 
war for American Inde- 
pendence. Charles Lind- 
ley, a graduate of the 
Yale Law School, reached 
California in 1849, where 
he first engaged in the 
practice of the law, and 
subsequently became 
Judge of Yuba County. 

Curtis H. Lindley was 
married at Santa Clara, 
California, June 14, 1872, 
to Miss Lizzie Menden- 
hall, daughter of Wm. M. 
Mendenhall, a California 
Pioneer of 1845. The 
children of this marriage 
are Josephine and Curtis 
M. Lindley. 

After a course in the 
Grammar School o f 
Marysville he entered Santa Clara College, 
Santa Clara, California, in 1863, and re- 
mained there two years. From 1865 to 1866, 
inclusive, he was a student at Eagleswood 
Military Academy, Perth Amboy, N. J. Re- 
turning to California he attended McClure's 
Military Academy and the San Francisco 
High School, during the years 1868-70. In 
the latter year he entered the University of 
California, where he remained until 1872, and 
then, having studied law, in connection with 
the regular academic work, took his Bar ex- 
aminations for admittance to practice. 

In the first half of the interval 1866-68 he 
was apprenticed as a machinist to the Union 
Iron Works of San Francisco, and in the 
following year, though under age, enlisted 
in the Second United States Artillery, but 
was honorably discharged in 1868. 

Shortly prior to his admittance to the Bar 
in 1872 he was appointed Secretary of the 


California Code Commission, a position which 
he filled until the codes were finally adopted 
and published. In 1882 Mr. Lindley moved 
to Stockton, and in the following year was 
appointed City Attorney, serving until the 
latter part of 1884, when he again shifted the 
scene of his efforts, this time to Amador 
County, having been appointed by the Gov- 
ernor, Superior Judge of that County. He 
returned to private prac- 
tice in 1885, and a year 
later formed a partner- 
ship, in San Francisco, 
with Henry Eickhoff, 
which has continued. 

During these years 
Judge Lindley estab- 
lished a reputation not 
only as an attorney, but 
also as a student of juris- 
prudence, and in 1900 
was made Honorary Pro- 
fessor in the Department 
of Jurisprudence of the 
University of California. 
In the same year he be- 
came a lecturer in the 
same department of the 
Leland Stanford Jr. Uni- 

Though his practice 
has been of a general na- 
ture, chiefly devoted to 
mining, water and gener- 
al corporation law, the 
LINDLEY atmosphere in which he 

was born, and his subse- 
quent experience as a judge in Amador 
County have inspired him with more than an 
ordinary interest in the mineral industry. He 
is the author of "American Law of Mines 
and Mineral Lands," now in its second edi- 
tion, and is Honorary Professor of the Law 
of Mines, University of California. 

In July, 1911 he became a Director of the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition to 
succeed Mr. W. B. Bourn, who resigned. He 
is also a director of the Natomas Consolidat- 
ed of Cal., George Wm. Hooper Co., and the 
Geo. Wm. Hooper Estate Co. For the year 
1910 he was President of the Cal. Bar Assn., 
and is now President of the Bar Assn. of San 
Francisco. He is also a member of the Cal. 
Academy of Science, American Bar Assn. 
and associate member of the American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers. His clubs are the 
Pacific-Union, University, Commonwealth 
and Cosmos, all of San Francisco. 




General Manager of the Calumet 
& Arizona Mining Company, War- 
ren, Arizona, was born in Hunts- 
ville, Alabama, July 6, 1872, the 
son of Dr. Gilbert Christian 
Greenway and Alice (White) Greenway. He is 
descended of a notable line of Southerners, his 
father and grandfather having been soldiers under 
the Confederate flag. Isaac Shelby, first Governor 
of Kentucky, and Captain John Campbell, of King's 
Mountain fame, two members of the family stand 
conspicuous in Colonial day history. 

Mr. Greenway, who ranks today with the world's 
great mine managers, had splendid educational ad- 
vantages, but to this he added practical experience. 
He was graduated from the Episcopal High School 
at Alexandria, Virginia, then entered Andover Acad- 
emy at Andover, Mass. He attended the University 
of Virginia and from there went to Yale University, 
where he received his technical training. He was a 
conspicuous figure in Yale from his freshman year, 
when he was chosen a member of the "University" 
football team. He was graduated with the degree 
of Ph. B.; was voted President of his class, also the 
most popular man. He played right end on the 
famous McCormick and Hinkey football elevens of 
1892 and 1893 and was catcher for the famous 
"Dutch" Carter on the 'varsity baseball nines of 
those years all part of the history of the university. 

Upon leaving college Mr. Greenway sought to 
learn the practical side of the steel business, be- 
ginning at the very bottom. His first employment 
was as helper in the Duquesne furnaces of the 
Carnegie Steel Company, where he worked for a 
dollar and thirty-two cents per day. In time he 
was advanced to the post of foreman of the Me- 
chanical Department and was thus engaged when 
the Spanish-American war was declared in 1898. 

Leaving his work, he hastened alone to San 
Antonio, Texas, and there enlisted as a private in 
the famous Rough Rider Regiment, of which Theo- 
dore Roosevelt was Colonel. He served throughout 
the war with his regiment and, brief though those 
hostilities were, was twice promoted, on one oc- 
casion for "bravery and gallantry in action." He 
was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and at the 
battle of San Juan Hill was advanced to First Lieu- 
tenant because of the extraordinary courage dis- 
played by him in that historic engagement. He 
was also recommended to Congress by Colonel 
Roosevelt for the brevet of Captain. In his his- 
tory of the "Rough Riders," Colonel Roosevelt paid 
a splendid tribute to Captain Greenway: 

"A strapping fellow, entirely fearless, modest 
and quiet, with the ability to take care of the men 
under him so as to bring them to the highest point 
of soldierly perfection, to be counted upon with 
absolute certainty in every emergency; not only 
doing his duty, but always on the watch to find 
some new duty which he could construe to be his, 
ready to respond with eagerness to the slightest 
suggestion of doing something, whether it was 
dangerous or merely difficult and laborious." 

Returning from Cuba with a splendid war rec- 
ord, Greenway re-entered the steel business, and, 
after a year, was promoted Assistant Superinten- 
dent of the United States Steel Corporation's mines 
at Ishpeming, Michigan. His work in this connec- 
tion was of such high caliber that when the Steel. 
Corporation purchased of J. J. Hill the Great North- 
ern Iron Ore lease on the Mesaba Range in North- 
ern Minnesota he was chosen for the post of Gen- 
eral Superintendent of the undertaking. This was 
one of the most extensive operations ever launched 

by the great corporation, and Captain Greenway's 
conduct of it was a personal triumph, almost as 
celebrated as the famous Hill ore lands themselves. 

Going to the range in the late summer of 1906, 
Captain Greenway located the town of Coleraine, 
on the shore of a picturesque lake, and began work 
immediately. His entire stay in that region was 
characterized by a perfection of organization, in 
which regard for the hundreds of men who worked 
under him was mingled with a strict discipline 
which made the enterprise one of the great indus- 
trial successes of his generation. In addition to 
the actual work of superintending the operation 
of the plant, Captain Greenway also served as 
monitor of the town and its people. He encouraged 
home-building, governed the place with an iron 
hand in the matter of gambling and other forms of 
dissipation and, in addition, caused the installation 
of various utilities and numerous public conven- 
iences. These latter included a library, a perfectly- 
equipped hospital, a school building costing $75,000, 
an athletic field and extensive parks. His other 
public services included his inducing the Steel Cor- 
poration to install the sewer, water and light sys- 
tems of the town without expense to the employes. 

"The World Today," referring to him and his 
work on the Mesaba Range, characterized him: 

"A man of exemplary habits, who inhibits dissi- 
pation by example; a tireless worker, this man who 
does things is of that new type of Americans who 
can serve corporations and at the same i.ime serve 
their day and generation." 

Upon the completion of his work in the Mesaba 
region Captain Greenway, 1910, accepted appoint- 
ment as General Manager of the mining operations 
of the Calumet & Arizona Mining Company of Bis- 
bee, Arizona. His offices are located at Warren, 
a suburb of Bisbee, and in the handling of the af- 
fairs of the company he has displayed the same 
talent for effective organization and telling results 
that distinguished him in his previous work. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the 
lustiest young copper giant of Arizona, now rank- 
ing as the tenth largest copper producer in the 
world and just beginning to get into its stride. 
The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is the 
only large copper company in Arizona not running 
its own stores and railroad, consiiering it both a 
fair and let live policy to leave such to others. 

The Calumet & Arizona Mining Company is now 
building the most modern smelter in the world for 
its increasing tonnage of Bisbee ores, at Douglas, 
and, under Captain Greenway's aggressive manage- 
ment, is acquiring additional properties of promise 
in many Arizona camps. 

In addition to his professional work, Captain 
Greenway has taken an active personal interest in 
public affairs and, while he has never been a seeker 
for public office, has been a steadfast supporter of 
Colonel Roosevelt in political matters. The two 
men became close personal friends during Their 
army days and this has grown steadily stronger. 

Captain Greenway was one of the sponsors of the 
National Progressive Party and was one of the self- 
constituted committee which brought that party 
into being by inviting and personally escorting 
Colonel Roosevelt to the Progressive National Con- 
vention, held in Chicago, June, 1912. 

He was elected by the Progressive party as 
Presidential Elector of the State of Arizona, was a 
member of the Board of Regents of the University 
of Arizona, is President of the Yale Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Arizona. President of the Warren Dis- 
trict Country Club and a member of the Sons of 
the American Revolution. 




Physician and Surgeon, Los An- 
geles, California, was born at 
Folsom, Cal., February 24, 1865, 
the son of Cyrus H. Bradley and 
Cordelia A. Bradley. On April 18, 
1894, he married Virginia Burton Williamson at 
Los Angeles. There was born one child, Gertrude 
Muriel Bradley. 

Dr. Bradley was taken to Los Angeles, in 1873, 
and attended school in that city. He graduated 
from high school in 1885 and entered the College 
of Medicine, University of Southern California, at 
Los Angeles. He was graduated with the degree 
of M. D. in 1888, and put in the next year at the 
Bellevue M3edical College (N. Y.), receiving a de- 
gree there in 1889. He then filled a vacancy on 
the staff of Bellevue Hospital, but resigned to re- 
turn to Los Angeles and enter private practice. 

Most of his work has been devoted to children. 
For ten years after returning to Los Angeles, he 
acted as physician to the Los Angeles Orphans' 
Home and when his growing practice would not 
permit him to continue actively in the work of 
caring for the little sufferers, he served on the 
consulting staff. At the same time he looks after 
several smaller institutions. 

A lover of his profession and especially of that 
branch including infants and children, he spent 
much time in traveling and visiting the children's 
hospitals in the Old World, studying methods of 
the institutions. 

He has also written a number of papers on 
diseases of children and delivers lectures at 
mothers' gatherings in which he has given valu- 
able instruction on the care of children. 

He is a member of the Los Angeles County, Cal- 
ifornia State and American Medical Associations. 
He also belongs to the Federation Club, L. A. Cham- 
ber of Commerce and the Y. M. C. A. 


BELL, Banker, Los Angeles, Cal., 
born in Greenfield, O., Jan. 10, 
1845. The son of Robert D. and 
Margaret (Hollyday) Patterson. 
Married Virginia Monette Moore, 
Jan. 8, 1874, at Chillicothe, O. There are two chil- 
dren, Ada, now Mrs. Harry R. Callender, and Hazel, 
now Mrs. John Stuart. 

Mr. Patterson attended district school until fif- 
teen, then went to Salem Academy, Salem, O., 
where he was a classmate of Senator Foraker. At 
eighteen he enlisted in Company A, First Ohio 
Heavy Artillery, serving from July 4, 1863, to close 
of war. Re-entered Salem Academy for three 

Went to work as clerk in offices of County Clerk, 
County Treasurer and Probate Judge, Chillicothe! 
O. In 1869 became bookkeeper for wholesale gro- 
cery firm, and with them to Jan. 26, 1888, when his 
health broke down and he went to Los Angeles. 

There became member of wholesale commission 
firm of Curtis & Patterson, afterward W. C. Patter- 
son Co. In November, 1898, was elected Pres. L. A. 
National Bank, and continued as such until consoli- 
dation with First National Bank, when he was made 
Vice Pres. of the new bank, a place he still holds. 
Is director and officer in other important corpora- 
tions. Was trustee, Whittier Reform School; mem- 
ber, Cal. State Board of Charities and L. A. Board 
of Education; director, L. A. Public Library; twice 
delegate to Washington in fight for free harbor; 
Pres. L. A. Clearing House and Pres. Chamber of 

He is a member and for two years was Pres. 
University Club; was Pres. Sunset Club, member 
Union League, Annandale Country and California 
Clubs, Municipal League, Archaeological Institute 
and other organizations. He is a Knight Templar 
and Scottish Rite Mason. 




OCHRAN, DR. GUY, Physician and 
Chief Surgeon of the San Pedro, 
Los Angeles and Salt Lake Rail- 
road, Los Angeles, California, is a 
native of Illinois, born September 
4, 1873. He is the son of Dr. Wil- 
liam George Cochran and Anna M. (Hunt) Cochran. 
At San Francisco, June 7, 1899, he married Miss 
Alice I. Cowen. They have two children, Carolyn 
and Guy Cochran, Jr. 

Dr. Cochran, having moved to Los Angeles in 
1880, attended both the public and high schools of 
that city. He studied at Lawrenceville Preparatory 
School, N. J., in 1891; entered Stanford University, 
1892, graduating, 1896, with degree A. B.; went to 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia Uni- 
versity. He received his M. D. in 1900. 

Dr. Cochran next became resident surgeon at 
the Bellevue Hospital, New York, two years. Dur- 
ing that time he was assistant demonstrator of 
anatomy in the College of Physicians and Surgeons. 
At the end of that period he took a year's work at 
the St. Mary's Children's Hospital, New York, as 
interne, June, 1903. He then spent several months 
abroad at medical clinics, returning to America and 
Los Angeles in 1903. 

He was appointed assistant chief surgeon of the 
San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad, 
and two years later chief surgeon. He is chief sur- 
geon of the Pacific Telephone Company and of the 
Los Angeles division of the Standard Oil Company. 

Between 1902 and 1903 he was assistant in 
physiology for the College of Physicians and Sur- 

He is a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Los Angeles County and State Medical 
Society, the Pathological Society, Symposium So- 
ciety, Bellevue Alumni Association and others. 

His clubs are the California, Annandale Coun- 
try, Los Angeles Country and Cragg's Country. | 


ACKSON, GRANT, Attorney, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at 
Petaluma, Sonoma County, Cali- 
fornia, June 13, 1869, the son of 
William Jackson and Mary C. 
(Francis) Jackson. He is de- 
scended from an old family of Southerners, his 
father and great-grandfather having been soldiers. 
The latter, Robert Jackson, was captain of a com- 
pany of Tenesseeans in the War of 1812, 
and his father was a major of Missouri Volunteers 
who fought for the Union in the Civil War, and 
represented his county in the Legislature in 1855. 
The Major was a delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention called by his cousin, the Governor of Mis- 
souri, for the purpose of passing a secession ordi- 
nance. He here helped to defeat the efforts to carry 
Missouri out of the Union, and assisted in deposing 
the disloyal State Government and the election of a 
set of officers loyal to the nation. He fought 
through the entire war. 

After the Civil War, Major Jackson moved to 
California, and there the son was born. The younger 
Jackson was educated in the public schools of Lom- 
poc and Santa Barbara, California. In 1887 he began 
the study of law in the office of the Hon. W. C. 
Stratton, a pioneer lawyer then living at Santa 
Barbara, and in 1891 was admitted to practice by 
the Supreme Court of California. He practiced at 
Santa Barbara until 1902, when he moved to Los 

Since his entry into the life of that city he has 
had a fruitful practice and has been a conspicuous 
figure. His offices are at Suite 918 Security Build- 
ing. He is a Republican in politics, of progressive 
tendencies; is a member of the Municipal League, 
Chamber of Commerce, the Chamber of Mines, the 
City Club, and is a Native Son of the Golden West. 
His clubs are the Gamut and Union League of Los 



dent, Matson Navigation Co., San 
Francisco, was born in Sweden, 
October 18, 1849. Coming of a 
seafaring race, he has remained 
true to his traditions, and by in- 
herited industry, and not only his ability to make 

his own opportunities, but also to improve them 

when made, he has won a leading place in mari- 
time and commercial circles on the Pacific Coast. 
Until he was fourteen 

Years old, he attended public 

schools in Sweden, but even 

then took an intermission of 

a year to go to sea at the 

early age of ten. Returning 

to school, he stayed there 

until 1863, and then sailed 

for New York in the Aurora, 

a Nova Scotian vessel. 

After remaining a short 

time there he took passage 

in the Bridgewater for San 

Francisco, coming around 

the Horn, and not long after 

his arrival secured a berth 

as sailor on the old ship 

John J. 

On this he took a trip to 

Puget Sound and northern 

ports. He then transferred 

to the bark Oakland, return- 
ing to the Sound, but after 

this trip became a sailor on 

San Francisco Bay on the 

schooner William Frederick. 

At the end of two years he 

was captain of this vessel, 

engaged chiefly in carrying 


coal from Mt. Diablo to the Spreckels Sugar Refin- 
ery, situated then at Eighth and Brannan streets, 
where, it is interesting to note, Adolph Spreckels 
was at that time checking the cargoes Captain Mat- 
son was delivering from his schooner. Captain 
Matson subsequently was made captain of the 
schooner Mission Canal, which he used for the 
same purpose. 

In 1882 Captain Matson built the Emma Claudina 
to run to the Sandwich Islands, and thenceforward 
the evolution from a comparatively small business 
to the present extensive operations of the Matson 
Navigation Company was rapid. The enterprise 
began in the carrying of merchandise, especially 
of plantation stores, to the islands and returning 
with cargoes of sugar. This led to gradually ex- 
panding interests at both ends of the line, which 
kept pace with the commercial development of the 
country, with which Captain Matson was ever in 
close touch. After three years he sold the Emma 
Claudina and built the brig, Lurline, for the same 
trade. Soon he had three vessels running, and to 

this little fleet he constantly added, gradually re- 
placing the sailing vessels with iron and steam, as 
necessity dictated. Successively thereafter the flo- 
tilla was increased by the Santiago, Roderick Dhu, 
Falls of Clyde, Marion Chilcott, Monterey, all iron 
vessels, and then the steamers Hilonian, Enterprise 
and Rosecrans. The last steamers built, within the 
past few years, are the Lurline, named after his 
daughter, the Hyades and the Wilhelmina, each of 
which vessel has a carrying capacity of about nine 
thousand tons. 

After the discoveries of 
oil and the development of 
the industry, Captain Mat- 
son had some of his sailing 
vessels converted into oil 
carriers, the first to be in- 
stalled on this coast, and 
about the same time be- 
came heavily interested in 
the oil business itself. To- 
gether with William Crock- 
er, William Irwin and John 
A. Buck he built the pipe 
line from Gaviota to the 
Santa Maria oil fields, a dis- 
tance of forty-five miles, and 
then constructed one hun- 
dred and twelve miles more, 
from Coalinga to Monterey. 
At the end of four or five 
years, however, he sold his 
oil interests to the Associat- 
ed Oil Company; but a few 
years ago returned to the 
fields, organized the Hono- 
lulu Consolidated Oil Com- 
pany, and is now more heav- 
ily interested than ever, his 
monthly payroll alone averaging about $110,000. 

For many years Captain Matson was a director 
of the Merchants' Exchange, and for a period was 
president of the Chamber of Commerce, which ab- 
sorbed the former body. Although he gives most of 
his attention to his navigation and oil interests he 
holds office in many corporations. He is president 
of the Matson Navigation Co., Honolulu Consolidat- 
ed Oil Co.. Commercial Petroleum Co., Atlas Won- 
der Mining Co., Wonder Water Co; director of the 
National Ice Co., Honolulu Plantation Co., Paauhau 
Sugar Plantation Co., Hakalau Plantation Co. and 
others. What little recreation he permits himself 
he finds chiefly in horesback riding, automobiling 
and in cultivating his taste for fast trotters, of 
which he owns some excellent performers. He has 
also found time to join the clubs and is a member 
of the Pacific-Union, Bohemian and Commonwealth. 
One of the high honors conferred upon Cap- 
tain Matson was his appointment as Consul of 
Sweden, giving him jurisdiction over the Pacific 
Coast, Alaska, Idaho, Utah, Nevada and Arizona. 




WILBUR, Physician and 
Surgeon, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in Portland, 
Oregon, May 31, 1857. He is 
of Lemuel D. Beckett, the first 
Justice of Peace of Portland, Oregon, 
and a pioneer of that State, and Sarah 
S. (Chew) Beckett. On January 1, 1882, he 
married Iowa Archer at 
San Luis Obispo, Cali- 
fornia, there being two 
sons as a result of the 
union : Wilbur Archer 
and Francis H. Beckett. 

Dr. Beckett was edu- 
cated in the public 
schools of California, and 
at a later period taught 
school in San Luis Obis- 
po County, California, for 
over six years. He grad- 
uated from the Los An- 
geles Medical Depart- 
ment of the University 
of California, April 11, 
1888, receiving the de- 
gree of M. D. He then 
studied in New York for 
a period of one year, tak- 
ing post graduate work 
at the Post Graduate 
Hospital of that city. 

After completing his 
medical education, Dr. 
Beckett returned to Los 
Angeles, where he has 
practiced for a period of over twenty-two 
years. His medical achievements follow one 
after another, and today his accomplishments 
in the medical and scientific world have 
reached a point where Dr. Beckett is recog- 
nized as a man of national repute. His re- 
searches in the field of surgery and materia 
medica have placed him among the foremost 
physicians in the country. 

Dr. Beckett's principal work has been in 
the field of surgery, although he has main- 
tained a general practice since he first opened 
his offices. During his years of practice he 
has been a constant student and has taken an 
active part in the medical history of South- 
ern California. He is noted for his readiness 
to devote his time to the needy poor, having 
done brilliant work for many poor people. 
His work in the field of charity deserves 
much praise. 

Not only in the medical world, but in 


civic affairs as well, has Dr. Beckett played 
a leading role during the last twenty years. 
In a business way he is associated with a 
number of influential companies of Los An- 
geles and holds directorships in a number of 
organizations. He is not only an executive 
director, but is also medical director of the 
Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, is 
treasurer and director of the California Hos- 
pital and is a director in 
the following organiza- 
tions : Pacific Mutual 
Indemnity Company, Cit- 
izens' Trust and Savings 
Bank, Seaside Water 
Company, Orwood Land 
Company and the San 
Pedro Water Company. 

He is a member of 
and ex-president of the 
following professional so- 
cieties: California State 
Medical Society, South- 
ern California Medical 
Society, Los Angeles 
County Medical Society, 
and the Los Angeles 
Clinical and Pathological 
Society, and is a member 
of the American Medical 
Association and the Pa- 
cific Association of Rail- 
way Surgeons. During 
the years 1901 and 1902 
he served as a member of 
the Los Angeles City 
Board of Health. 
On May 12, 1911, Dr. Beckett was ap- 
pointed by President Taft First Lieutenant 
of the Medical Relief Corps of the United 
States Army. This position will not become 
an active office unless the United States is 
at war or unless some deadly plague gets a 
hold in the army, but at the same time it is 
a unique distinction, approved by the Presi- 
dent of the United States and passed through 
the Senate. 

Dr. Beckett is also Professor of Gynecol- 
ogy and Surgery of the Los Angeles Medical 
Department of the University of California. 
He is a trustee of the University of Southern 
California and is active in educational circles. 
His work is not limited to any field, but is 
known to every progressive movement for 
the advancement of his community. He is a 
member of the California, Federation and 
Union League Clubs of Los Angeles and of 
the Bohemian Club of San Francisco. 






OEBIG, JULIUS, Ph. D., Chemical 
and Mining Engineer, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Mettlach, 
a manufacturing town near the 
city of Trier, in the Valley of 
Moselle, Germany, March 9, 1855. 
His father was Christian Koebig and his mother 
Julia (Schmeltzer) Koebig. His grandfather on 
the maternal branch of the family was a promi- 
nent Professor of Natural Science in the Univer- 
sity of Trier, Germany. This institution has been 
a leading University for centuries, but was closed 
by the great Napoleon at the beginning of the 
last century during his reconstruction work among 
the States of the Federation of the Rhine. The 
Koebigs have been a prominent family of tanners 
in the city of Homburg, in the Palatia, Germany, 
for centuries and have furnished many officials 
and mayors for that city. The first mayor from 
the family mentioned in German history dates 
back to the Thirty Years War, 1648, and the tan- 
nery at Homburg, which has been the property of 
the Koebigs for centuries, is still owned by the 
family. On December 5, 1889, at San Francisco, 
California, Dr. Koebig married Marie P. Kohler, 
the daughter of Charles Kohler, a prominent wine 
merchant of that city. There are two daughters, 
Julie and Theodora, and one son, Hans Koebig. 

Dr. Koebig was educated in the German schools 
at Karlsruhe, in the Grand Duchy or Baden, one 
of the States of the German Federation. He took 
his preparatory studies in the Gymnasium, from 
which he graduated at the age of sixteen years. 
He then entered the Technical University of Karls- 
ruhe, from which he graduated as a Chemical and 
Mining Engineer in 1874. Upon graduation he was 
appointed Assistant Professor of Chemistry at the 
Royal Technical University of Stuttgart, Germany, 
which he held for a year. 

In the fall of 1875 he entered the German Army 
as a one-year volunteer and just one year later 
received the qualification of a commissioned officer. 
About the same time he was appointed Assistant 
Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy in the Uni- 
versity of Strassburg, Germany. This institution 
conferred on him, in June, 1878, the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy. 

Early in the following year he left the Uni- 
versity to accept the position of Directing Chemist 
for the rebuilding and remodeling of the celebrated 
Aniline Dye Works, near Frankfurt on the Main, 
Germany. When Dr. Koebig took charge of that 
business there were only seventeen men in the 
employ of the company. When he resigned three 
years later the establishment had grown to such 
an extent that there were employed almost four 
hundred men. The Aniline Dye Works is now rec- 
ognized as one of the largest and most successful 
of its kind in Germany. 

Upon leaving the position of Directing Chemist 
at the dye works Dr. Koebig devoted one year to 
private studies at the Universities of Darmstadt 
and Munich. While studying there, during the win- 
ter of 1882, he was called by the European-Ameri- 
can Tunnel Company of Denver, Colorado, to make 
an investigation of the mining resources of Gilpin 
County, Colorado. The object was to construct 
a working and drainage tunnel to facilitate deep 

mining in the mining properties of the county. 
The mouth of the tunnel was to be located below 
Central City, Colorado. This important investiga- 
tion occupied six months, and in the summer of 
1883 Dr. Koebig was able to return to Germany. 
He immediately resumed his scientific study and 
research work there, continuing it until the winter 
of 1883. 

Before the year closed he returned to the 
United States, and, in conjunction with his brother, 
A. H. Koebig, opened offices at Milwaukee, Wiscon- 
sin, as Consulting Mining and Chemical Engineers. 
The chief work accomplished by the Koebigs there 
was the investigation of the iron deposits in Wis- 
consin and Michigan and particularly along the 
Gogebic range. After a thorough study of the 
mineral resources of this famous range, there ap- 
peared the first scientific report on the iron de- 
posits of that region, the work of Dr. Koebig and 
his brother. 

In the latter part of 1884 Dr. Koebig left Mil- 
waukee to take charge of silver mines in Calico, 
California, where both he and his brother were 
heavily interested. At first this property gave 
promise of great production, but a fall in the price 
of silver soon made that mine unprofitable. 

Dr. Koebig settled at San Francisco, Califor- 
nia, in 1886, where he constructed and operated a 
fertilizer plant in connection with the Mexican 
Phosphate and Sulphur Company. This business 
proved a success and Dr. Koebig continued in it 
for four years, withdrawing in the spring of 1890 
to enter a new line of his profession. 

At that time he became a member of the firm 
of Kohler & Frohling, wine merchants in San Fran- 
cisco, in charge of scientific work. 

Dr. Koebig returned to his favorite engineering 
profession in 1894, at that time opening offices in 
San Francisco as a Consulting Chemical and Min- 
ing Engineer. He developed and maintained a large 
business in that and surrounding cities, and became 
known in that section of the State as one of the 
most substantial men of his profession. He con- 
tinued in the north until 1902 when he moved his 
offices to Los Angeles, California, where he has 
since remained. 

During the years 1894 and 1895, while operat- 
ing in San Francisco, the University of California, 
located at Berkeley, California, sought his services 
as a lecturer and engineer. He traveled through 
the different counties of the State in the interest of 
promoting beet sugar in California in connection 
with the Farmers' Institute. About this period Dr. 
Koebig also gave a course of lectures on the manu- 
facture of beet sugar at the University of Cali- 

Dr. Koebig's principal work has consisted in 
inspecting mining properties and manufactories. 
He has also made an extensive study of agriculture. 
His latest study has dealt with means for the de- 
velopment of the great untouched resources of 
Southern California in connection with the estab- 
lishment of the manufacture of heavy chemicals. 

Dr. Koebig is a member of the Bankers' Club 
of Los Angeles, the Society of Chemical Industry 
of London, England, and is Ex-President of the Ger- 
man General Benevolent Association, which operat- 
ed the German Hospital at San Francisco. 



Attorney of Los Angeles County, 
California, was born September 
10, 1869, at Burgettstown, Penn- 
sylvania, the son of Rev. James 
T. Fredericks and Mary (Patter- 
son) Fredericks. He married, in 1896, Agnes M. 
Blakeley, and they have four children, Doris, John 
D., Jr., Deborah, and James B. Fredericks. Mr. 
Fredericks comes from a professional family, every 
man on the paternal side in 
the direct line of descent for 
more than two hundred 
years having been either a 
physician, minister or 

He attended the public 
schools of his native town 
and Trinity Hall Military 
Academy, Washington, Pa., 
until qualified to enter Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College. 
He graduated from that insti- 
tution in 1890 and then 
moved to Los Angeles. 

He taught at the Whittier 
State School for three years 
and meanwhile read law. He 
passed the State Bar exami- 
nation and opened an office 
for practice at Los Angeles 
in 1893. He enjoyed a lucra- 
tive practice and was, in 
1899, appointed Deputy Dis- 
trict Attorney for Los An- 

As deputy he conducted a 
number of criminal cases 
with notable success, enough 
to attract the attention of his party and the voters, 
and, as a consequence, he was nominated and 
elected District Attorney of Los Angeles County in 
1902, and served with such satisfaction that he was 
re-elected in 1906 and again in 1910. 

In 1906 he handled the famous oiled roads pat- 
ent litigation, in which the counties and the cities 
of California tried to break the patent on oiled 
roads. He maintained for his county and the rest 
of the counties of California that the process was 
not patentable, and although the claimants of the 
patent fought hard, and were of great strength, he 
was successful and the process became public 

But the most notable of all his criminal prosecu- 
tions was that against the McNamara brothers, 
which he headed in behalf of Los Angeles County 
in the year 1911. John J. McNamara, secretary- 
treasurer of the International Bridge and Structural 
Iron Workers' Association, and James B. Mc- 
Namara, his brother, were accused of blowing up 
the Los Angeles Times building with dynamite, 


with the loss of much property and many lives; 
also of a score of other dynamiting crimes all over 
the United States. The case attracted world-wide 
attention because the charge seemed to implicate 
union labor in general, and because union men 
most generally believed them not guilty of the 
crime and prepared at great length to defend them. 
It was in this case that W. J. Burns, the detective, 
figured. Fredericks and Burns and the prosecution 
generally, were accused by Gompers, head of the 
American Federation of La- 
bor, and by Eugene Debs, of 
a conspiracy against union 
labor and of a diabolical plot 
to take the lives of labor 
leaders. The case aroused 
class feeling to a higher 
pitch than it had ever been 
before in the history of the 
United States. 

District Attorney Freder- 
icks made of himself a na- 
tional figure by the manner 
in which he brought the trial 
to a close. He handled the 
general evidence, and evi- 
dence which under his per- 
sonal direction had been se- 
cured, in such a manner that 
it became plain to the de- 
fendants and their attorneys 
that escape was simply im- 

He discovered alleged at- 
tempts to bribe jurors and 
one case where money had 
been paid over. He undoubt- 
edly could have convicted the 
McNamara brothers in open 
trial, but he fully knew that a very large proportion 
of the labor union people of the United States and 
their sympathizers would not have had faith in the 
action of the court; would think it only the logical 
sequel of a conspiracy, already suspected and 
charged; so, with the evidence at hand, he forced 
the McNamaras to a confession which left not a 
shred of doubt of the fact of their guilt. 

The outcome of this celebrated case is consid- 
ered the most important single event in the history 
of the conflict between capital and labor in the 
United States, and will no doubt be of incalculable 
benefit to both bodies. 

He served as adjutant in the Seventh Regiment, 
California Volunteers, during the Spanish-American 
war. He is a member of the University Club, 
the Union League Club and the City Club, 
the Automobile Club of Los Angeles, the Los An- 
geles Chamber of Commerce, the Long Beach 
Commandery of the Knights Templar, the Fra- 
ternal Brotherhood, the California Club, the Los 
Angeles Country Club and the Gamut Club. 



URYEA, EDWIN, JR., Engineering 
(firm of Duryea, Haehl & Oilman), 
San Francisco, California, was 
born in Craigville, Orange County, 
New York, July 12, 1862, the son 
of Edwin Duryea and Hannah 
(Rumsey) Duryea. His first paternal ancestor to 
reach this country, in 1675, was of Huguenot origin, 
while the Rumseys were English residents of the 
Isle of Guernsey. Mr. Duryea married Miss Roberta 
Vincent Taylor, in December, 
1888, at Ithaca, New York, 
and five children have been 
born of the union, Robert, 
Margaret, Anne, Philip and 
Helen Duryea. 

Mr. Duryea had his first 
schooling in Craigville, in 
the district school, from 1866 
to 1876. He was graduated 
in 1879 from the Chester 
Academy, and from Cornell 
University with the class of 
'83 and the degree of B. C. E. 
Soon thereafter he started, 
and from 1883 to 1885 was 
employed by the Northern 
Pacific Railroad, first as 
townsite and special sur- 
veyor, and later on the con- 
struction of a large bridge at 
Duluth, Minn. The following 
year, while engaged on a 
bridge to span the Missis- 
sippi River, near Burlington, 
Iowa, he rose from the posi- 
tion of transit man to the su- 
perintendency of the work. 
The next few years found 
him on the construction of costly bridges crossing 
the Missouri, Mississippi and the Ohio rivers, and 
involving difficult problems of foundation work, as 
well as "river control" and "day's labor" under the 
engineer's direction. 

In 1889 he shifted the scene of his operations to 
Kansas and Michigan, on railroad surveys and con- 
struction, and until 1891 was engineer of bridges 
and building for one thousand miles of railroad sys- 
tem in the latter State. His next move along the 
curve was to what his profession deems the impor- 
tant post of contractor's engineer, or superinten- 
dent. In this capacity he made surveys and de- 
signs for two large stockyards near Chicago, in- 
cluding plans for sewerage, water supply, harbors, 
etc., and subsequently was associated with the same 
firm on the change of the horse car line on Third 
avenue, New York city, to a cable system. Toward 
the close of this period, 1891-1895, he was contrac- 
tor's engineer for a $1,000,000 dam for the same 
city, and contractor's superintendent for other dams 
for the water supply of New York, in which work 


he had charge of at least 400 men. 

From 1895 to 1900 Mr. Duryea was resident en- 
gineer at times on the Brooklyn end of the Wil- 
liamsburg suspension bridge over the East River, 
between New York and Brooklyn, and during the 
latter part of this period acted as assistant engineer 
on plans and estimates for a proposed bridge over 
the Hudson River at New York city. Among his 
notable achievements while in private practice 
may be mentioned his plans for foundation of Har- 
lem bridge, designs for rapid 
transit tunnel under Harlem 
river, and report to district 
attorney on safety of New 
York and Brooklyn suspen- 
sion bridge and on responsi- 
bility for neglect involved. 

In December, 1902, Mr. 
Duryea came to California as 
chief engineer for the Bay 
Cities Water Co., and has 
since been associated with 
this corporation and with its 
allied interests. In this con- 
nection his work has been 
largely in the field of water 
supply and power transmis- 
sion; and his plans for the 
Santa Clara County water 
supply, his expert duties as 
engineer for San Francisco 
in the water rate suit with 
the Spring Valley Company, 
and his testimony for the 
New Liverpool Salt Com- 
pany in their famous suit for 
damages against the Canal 
Company of the Imperial 
Valley, wherein the judg- 
ment depended chiefly upon the engineer's opinion, 
and has since been affirmed by the Court of Ap- 
peals in favor of the plaintiff, are among the many 
factors contributing to the reputation which he 
brought to this coast. 

After the great fire of 1906 Mr. Duryea was a 
member of the "Committee of Forty" to advise 
on the rehabilitation of San Francisco. He was 
also chairman of the sub-committee on water sup- 
ply, and general chairman of the committee formed 
to report on the damage to structures. 

His latest big appointment is that of engineer 
in charge of the South San Joaquin Irrigation 

Among his civic and social connections may be 
mentioned his four years' trusteeship of Palo Alto 
and his membership in the American Society of 
Civil Engineers, the Brooklyn Engineers' Club and 
the Cornell Association of Civil Engineers of New 

Mr. Duryea is a thirty-second degree Mason, 
Scottish Rite. 



Manager of the National Ice 
and Cold Storage Company, 
San Francisco, California, 
was born in Fordsham, Che- 
shire, England, April 21, 1854. He is the son 
of Joseph Martin and Mary (Grace) Martin, 
being descended of the Martin stock of Eng- 
land. Mr. Martin married Belle Green at 
Sacramento, California, 
May 23, 1889, and to 
ihem have been born two 
children, Joseph Martin, 
Jr., and Chester Miller 

Mr. Martin received his 
general education at Ov- 
erton College, in his na- 
tive town. Later he em- 
barked for America to 
seek his fortune and ar- 
rived in San Francisco 
October 21, 1868, after 
making the trip from 
England in the British 
ship Cordillera, by way 
of Cape Horn. He has 
made his home there ever 

His first employment 
was in the ice business 
and he has been in that 
field practically ever 
since, being at the pres- 
ent time one of the lead- 
ers of the industry. He 
remained in San Francis- 
co until 1872, then made a trip to England 
and various parts of Europe for his com- 
pany, returning to the United States the fol- 
lowing year. 

Later Mr. Martin became a gold miner in 
California and Nevada, being located for a 
time at Virginia City. Nevada. In 1875, 
however, he gave up mining, and, returning 
to San Francisco, re-engaged in the ice busi- 
ness, with which he has been identified since. 
In 1878 he organized the Mountain Ice Com- 
pany and after operating it with success for 
five years, formed, in 1883, another comoany 
known as the Floriston Ice Comoany. Later 
he aided in the organization of the Union Ice 

Early in the eighties Mr. Martin organ- 
ized the first company for the shipment of 
California fruits to Eastern markets under 
ice. tlrs being the starting ooint for the ores- 
ent refrigerator car service which is now one 

of the most important industries in the 
United States and the chief reliance of the 
great California fruit-growing business. 

Along this same line, Mr. Martin was in- 
strumental in sending to Australia one of the 
first ice and cold storage machines ever seen 
in that country and this formed the basis of 
the meat-shipping business in the Southern 
Continent, which now furnishes a large por- 
tion of the meat con- 
sumed annually in the 
British Isles. 

Mr. Martin, aside from 
being a pioneer in the ice 
manufacturing business, 
has been one of its great- 
est upbuilders, and has 
done quite as much as 
any other man to advance 
the industry, especially 
on the Pacific Coast. At 
different times he organ- 
ized a score or more ice 
manufacturing and cold 
storage concerns, each 
one operating its own 
plant, and these are now 
all controlled by the Na- 
tional Ice and Cold Stoi 
age Company, which cor- 
poration he helped to or- 
ganize and of which he is 
the directing force at the 
oresent time. 

Although Mr. Martin 
has at different times in- 
vested in various oil and 
mining propositions, his chief interests have 
been in the ice and cold storage business. In 
addition to his position with the National 
Company, Mr. Martin is Vice President of 
the Fresno Consumers' Ice Company, and 
holds the same office in the Nevada National 
Ice and Cold Storage Company. He is also 
a Director in the Commercial Petroleum 
Company and the Atlas Wonder Mining 
Company, and is Secretary of the Sparks- 
Reno Electric Railroad. 

In 1909, Mr. Martin went on a tour around 
the world, primarily to visit the ice and cold 
storage plants of the various countries, but 
he also combined business and pleasure, tak- 
ing the members of his family with him. 

Mr. Martin is a member of the Elks and 
the Transportation Club, of San Francisco, 
but he is not a clubman in the accepted mean- 
ing of the term, for he finds his chief recrea- 
tion in the home circle. 




of the Supreme Court of New 
Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 
was born at Kankakee, Illinois, 
July 31, 1878, the son of Isaac 
Bird Hanna and Belle (Hall) 
Hanna. He married Clara Zimmer at Santa Fe on 
February 8, 1905. 

Justice Hanna received his preliminary educa- 
tion in the public schools of Kankakee, leaving the 
High School to enter North- 
western Academy at Evans- 
ton, Illinois and was gradu- 
ated in 1898. Shortly after 
his graduation, Justice Han- 
na moved to Flagstaff, Ari- 
zona, where he entered the 
service of the United States 
Government as a forest ran- 
ger. It was while serving in 
this capacity that he decided 
to take up the study of law 
and in 1900 he entered the 
Law School of the University 
of Colorado at Boulder, from 
which he was graduated in 
the class of 1903 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. 

Immediately following the 
completion of his studies, he 
moved to New Mexico, locat- 
ing at Santa Fe, and began 
practice. In May, 1904, he 
succeeded to the practice of 
George W. Knaebel and from 
that time forward has been 
one of the leaders of the pro- 
fession in the Southwest. 
He was elected Secretary of 
the New Mexico Territorial 
Bar Association in 1904 and 
served until 1907. Also, he was 
Secretary of the Territorial 
Law Library Board for seven 
years (1904-11), resigning 
this when he became a candidate for the bench. 

In 1909 Justice Hanna formed a partner- 
ship with Francis C. Wilson under the name 
of Hanna & Wilson, this continuing until January 
1, 1912, when he ascended the Bench of the 
Supreme Court. This- is the only office for which 
Justice Hanna has ever stood as a candidate 
and he has the distinction of having been one of 
the youngest men in the history of the country 
to be honored by election to such high office. 
Elected in November, 1911, he drew a term of 
seven years and since assuming the duties of this 
important branch of the first State Government 
of New Mexico he has made a splendid record for 
fairness and careful handling of the problems 
which have presented themselves to the court for 

During his legal career, which extended over 
a period of nine years, Justice Hanna conducted 
a general practice, but was looked upon as an 
authority in irrigation matters. This is one of 
the most important branches of modern develop- 
ment in the Southwest and Justice Hanna's pre- 
vious experience as a forest ranger, together 
with the great amount of time he devoted to the 
study of this subject, placed him in a position to 
deal with this class of litigation more intelligently 


than attorneys less familiar with that subject. 
Justice Hanna has been affiliated with the Pro- 
gressive wing of the Republican party and for ten 
years has taken an active part in all political cam- 
paigns in New Mexico, but neither sought nor ac- 
cepted any public office until he was nominated 
for the position to which he was elected at the 
first State election held in his adopted State. His 
choice as the candidate for the Supreme Court 
was non-partisan and occasioned an unusual, pop- 
ular demonstration in which 
voters of other parties joined. 
In March, 1911, Justice 
Hanna was designated as 
one of a committee of three, 
by the Progressive Republi- 
cans of New Mexico, to visit 
Washington, D. C. for the 
purpose of working for the 
so-called Flood Resolution 
(providing an easier method 
of amendment of the State 
Constitution), Governor Hag- 
trman and General Viljoen, 
being other members of the 
committee. Through the co- 
operation of the Democratic 
Committee from New Mexico 
and the Democrats and Pro- 
gressive Republicans in Con- 
gress they were successful 
in gaining their point, over 
the opposition of all the cor- 
porate interests in New Mex- 
ico and the Regular Republi- 
can organization. Following 
the adoption of the Flood 
Resolution by Congress the 
people of New Mexico rati- 
fied it by a large majority, 
thus making the State Con- 
stitution possible of amend- 
ment. The position of Jus- 
tice Hanna and his col- 
leagues was generally mis- 
understood and greatly misrepresented and they 
were charged with opposition to Statehood, but 
subsequent events proved the correctness of their 

To Justice Hanna this appears to be one of the 
most important features of the new State's Consti- 
tution because it permits of adjusting the law more 
readily to the rapidly changing conditions. 

Since a&suming office as a member of the Su- 
preme Court, Justice Hanna and his associates 
have had to deal with numerous important and 
intricate problems of law and in the handling of 
these he has displayed extraordinary powers of an- 
alysis. His decisions are distinguished for their 
clearness and brevity, being stripped of all un- 
necessary language in arriving at the point. 

Besides his legal activities, Justice Hanna has 
taken part in the upbuilding of Santa Fe as a 
city, having served as President of the Santa Fe 
Commercial Club during the year 1910. He is also 
a Director of the United States National Bank and 
Trust Company of Santa Fe. 

Justice Hanna is- a prominent factor in fraternal 
affairs. His memberships include the Santa Fe 
Club, Elks and Masons. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, Deputy of the Supreme Council of 
the A. A. S. R. of Freemasonry. 

1 62 





Vice President E. H. Rollins & 
Sons, Bonds, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, was born in that city April 
13, 1860, the son of Joseph Moody 
Batchelder and Elizabeth (Aiken) 
Batchelder. He married Mary Whittemore Kitt- 
redge, daughter of Jonathan Kittredge, a California 
pioneer, in San Francisco, March 19, 1885, and two 
children were born to them, Doris Elizabeth (Mrs. 
De Lancy Lewis) and Kittredge Batchelder. 

Mr. Batchelder comes in direct descent through 
eight generations from the Reverend Stephen 
Batchiler of Hampshire, EnglanJ, who landed in 
Boston from the "William and Francis" June, 1632. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes speaks of the Reverend 
Stephen as "that terrible old sinner and ancestor 
of great men." There has been some controversy 
a? to the fitness of the first distinction, but of the 
second there can be no doubt. Among his well- 
known descendants are Daniel Webster, orator; 
John Greenleaf Whittier, poet; General Benjamin 
F. Butler, soldier and lawyer, Wm. Pitt Fessenden, 
statesman; Caleb Gushing, diplomat; General R. 
N. Batchelder, Grant's Chief Quartermaster of the 
Army of the Potomac, and many others of lesser 
note. George Aiken inherited his wanderlust from 
the Reverend Stephen, who took his B. A. at St. 
John's College, Oxford, in 1586, afterwards lived 
in Holland and England, and sailed for America 
in 1632, after receiving from Charles I a grant of 
arms, notable as one of the few given for services 
performed in America "Vert, a plow in fess; in 
base the sun rising, Or." He returned to England, 
dying in 1660, in the one hundredth year of his age. 

George A. Batchelder's mother's family came 
from Londonderry, in the North of Ireland, in 1660. 
His forbears proved their patriotism in the Colo- 
nial, the Revolutionary and the Civil wars. 

Joseph M. Batchelder reached. California in 
1850, but went to China in the sixties and died of 
sunstroke at Miyanosta, Japan, in 1893. He raised 
the sunken steamship Ajax, which had blocked the 
river at Shanghai; built the first ocean-going 
steamship constructed in China, the Yangtzi, and 
was shipowner, transporting the troops of the 
Mikado in the war with the Tycoon in 1869. 

Mr. Batchelder's education has been varied and 
somewhat cosmopolitan. In 1866-67 he attended a 
private school in Shanghai, China; in 1868 a pub- 
lic school in New Hampshire; the Mount Pleasant 
Academy, Amherst, Massachusetts, 1869-70; Al- 
len's English and Classical School, West Newton, 
Massachusetts, 1871-73; the Japanese Government 
Business School and the University of Tokio, 
1874-79, and at the Columbia Law School, Wash- 
ington, D. C., in 1882-83. This extensive schooling 
was supplemented by traveling when pirates were 
afloat and traveling was not merely tripping in 
express trains and floating hotels, all of which 
combined to broaden his viewpoints. A three 
months' voyage to Shanghai, via Honolulu and 
Foochow, on the barque Valetta, Captain Cavan- 
augh, in 1866; a cruise in a private yacht through 
the Inland Sea of Japan, in 1867, while the Tycoon 
still reigned; a return to San Francisco in March, 

1868, on the China, Captain Cobb, with Anson 
Burlingame's first Chinese Embassy; back to Mas- 
sachusetts via Panama in the same year, thence to 
Japan again in 1873 on the America, Captain Free- 
man, and from 1873 to 1880 traveling, attending 
school in Tokio and acting as Assistant Secretary 
at the United States Legation, form a kaleidoscop- 
ic record that suggests a course of moving-picture 
shows. An official touch is added by the fact that 
the American Government rented, for ten years, as 
its Legation in Japan, the residence of Mr. Batch- 
elder's father. 

The roving spirit again seized Mr. Batchelder 
in 1897 and sent him to Europe in that year; again, 
in 1902, to the South Seas, and Tahiti in 1904, and 
around the world in 1907-08. 

Mr. Batchelder's active business life began in 
1880, when he entered the Quartermaster's Depot, 
U. S. A., in San Francisco, and rose in two years 
to the post of chief clerk of the depot. From 1882 
to 1883 he was a clerk in the War Department at 
Washington, and in October of the latter year he 
became treasurer of the Dakota Investment Com- 
pany at Grand Forks in the Red River Valley of 
the then Territory of Dakota. 

In 1885 he became an officer of the corporation 
of E. H. Rollins & Sons as Western manager, and 
in 1892 went to Denver, Colorado, to take charge 
of its business there. Two years later, in 1894, he 
opened the San Francisco branch of the house, 
which thereby became the pioneer bond house of 
the Pacific Coast. Since that date he has placed 
more than thirty millions of outside capital in Cal- 
ifornia municipalities and corporations. 

In 1894 Mr. Batchelder introduced on this Coast 
the business of dealing solely in municipal and 
corporation bonds. The San Francisco office force 
of E. H. Rollins & Sons consisted of a bookkeeper 
and a stenographer, with a local business of per- 
haps $500,000 annual volume. Today the estab- 
lishment embraces twenty-six, with a volume of 
some $11,000,000 annually. It was not until 1905 
that the second bond house was established in 
San Francisco, since which time some half a do/en 
other houses have been added. 

Mr. Batchelder has been a director of numerous 
corporations in various States, and amoii.? these 
his directorship of the Bay Counties Power Com- 
pany, which broke all previous records for long- 
distance transmission of electric power, and that 
of the Western Pacific Railway, the first railroad 
to brenk into California against the will of the 
Southern Pacific, are those in which he took great- 
est pride, officially speaking. 

After the Continental rather than the American 
custom, he retired from active business at tin age 
of 50. He is now, he says, "taking life easy after 
the English and Japanese modes," enjoying his 
home and giving as much time as he can spare 
therefrom to certain necessary business interests 
and to his clubs and societies. Of the latter he 
has a varied assortment. Among them: The So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars, D. C., the Bohemian Club, 
the Pacific Union Club, the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, California Commandery, and tne 
Menlo Country Club. 



m RANK, NATHAN H., Attor- 
* ney, was born in San Francis- 
co, California, June 3, 1858, 
the son of Jacob Frank and 
Eva (Meyer) Frank. His pa- 
ternal ancestors were Bavarian Jews and his 
mother is a native of Frankfort-on-the-Main. 
He married Charlotte Elizabeth Petterson at 
San Francisco, September 19, 1881, and they 
are the parents of five 
sons and a daughter. Four 
of the children, including 

the daughter, were at col- 
lege at the same time, and 
one son, Irving H. Frank, 
is now associated with his 
father in law practice. 

The public schools of 
Suisun, Solano County, 
from 1863 to 1873, and 
then a private course un- 
der the principal, C. W. 
Childs, prepared him for 
the University of Califor- 
nia, from which he was 
graduated in 1877 a Ph. B. 
Two years later he took 
the degree of L. L. B. 
from the Columbia Law 
College of New York, and 
after waiting a month to 
become of age he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New 

On his return to San 
Francisco he associated 
himself with the firm of 
Wheaton & Scrivner, patent lawyers, with 
whom he remained until 1881. He then went 
to New Mexico to scan the field there. Dis- 
appointed in the outlook, he returned to 
San Francisco. Shortly after his second re- 
turn he entered the office of Milton Andros. 
After a brief term in a clerical capacity he be- 
came the partner of Mr. Andros, under the 
firm name of Andros & Frank, which part- 
nership lasted until 1900. 

Mr. Frank's practice, though of a general 
nature, has been chiefly in maritime and in- 
surance law and in the Federal courts. In 
the course thereof he has had many cases of 
public interest and handled practically all the 
causes on this coast arising out of seizure, as 
prize, of American vessels and cargoes during 
the Russo-Japanese War. Important among 
these is his successful attempt to establish a 
principle differing from that apparently set- 
tled by the English law during the Napoleon- 


ic wars. This law held that a vessel insured 
against "capture, seizure and detention" was 
not covered for a loss due to condemnation 
for carrying false papers. From time imme- 
morial, however, it had been the practice of 
vessels engaged in blockade running to carry 
false papers to enable the vessels to accom- 
plish their purpose, and the policy gave 
them the liberty of running the block- 
ade. But in this case 
counsel for the insurance 
company contended that 
as the steamer was cov- 
ered by an English policy 
the English law should 
govern. Testimony of 
two of the ablest English 
barristers, one of whom 
has since been elevated to 
the bench of the High 
Court of Justice of Eng- 
land, was taken to prove 
that the loss was not cov- 
ered by the policy. Mr. 
Frank, however, took the 
position that everything 
usual and customary in 
accomplishing the voyage 
was covered by the insur- 
ance, and hence condem- 
nation for carrying false 
papers was within the 
policy. His contention 
sustained by the United 
States Circuit Court and 
subsequently by the Cir- 
cuit Court of Appeals, 

discountenanced the old English law. 

Another achievement especially note- 
worthy is his establishment of the present 
standard form of charter-party and bill of 
lading necessitated by the hazardous trade 
to Alaska, ships for which, at the beginning 
of the gold excitement, hailed from San Fran- 
cisco but were chartered by Seattle firms. 

During his extensive experience he has 
become the attorney for a large variety of 
companies and interests, which rely upon him 
with the utmost confidence. Among these 
are the Barneson-Hibbard Co., J. D. Spreck- 
els and Bros. Co., Oceanic Steamship Co., the 
Charles Nelson Co., Robert Dollar S. S. Co., 
Los Alamos Oil and Development Co., the 
Alaska Exploration Co., and for many years, 
as a member of the firm of Andros & Frank, 
the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. 

Mr. Frank has not been very active in club 
life, though he is a member of several. 



PIRO, SOLON, Mine Opera- 
tor, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
was born in Kurnik, Germa- 
ny, March 1, 1863, the son of 
Leopold Spiro, and Ernestine 
(Aschheim) Spiro. He married Ida Mae 
Marks, October 16, 1909, at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Mr. Spiro studied in private schools and 
business colleges of Germany until 1881, 
when his uncle, Mayer S. 
Aschheim, persuaded him 
to leave the Fatherland 
and go to Park City, 
Utah, there to assist in 
the conduct of a large 
mercantile establishment. 
From the day of his ar- 
rival he began to lay the 
foundation of his fortune, 
which has become one of 
the most substantial in 
Utah. He devoted him- 
self to the business of his 
uncle, but early saw that 
the real opportunities 
were in mining. In the 
Park City district he 
studied the reduction to- 
gether with the business 
of mining generally. 

With the little capital 
at his command he 
bought interests in prom- 
ising claims, as the op- 
portunities offered. He 
used the technical knowl- 
edge which he had ac- 
quired, to the best advantage, and rarely 
made a false investment. He began mining 
on a small scale, but his interests advanced 
rapidly and he formed a number of success- 
ful mining companies. About 1899 his min- 
ing interests became so important that he 
was compelled to give up his mercantile 
business and devote all his time to mining. 
He made money out of going shares. He 
acquired an intimate knowledge of the 
various mines of his district, and on the 
strength of his judgment became a large 
holder of some of the best investment stocks 
in Utah. 

One of his greatest strokes of business 
finesse and practical organization was the 
formation of the Silver King Consolidated 
Mining Company, the property of which is 
rapidly developing into one of the greatest 
mines in the Park City district. He is presi- 
dent and general manager of the company, 


and in this dual capacity has demonstrated 
an extraordinary ability both in the financial 
and development end of the business. 

It has been through his knowledge of the 
district in which this company's territory is 
located and his indomitable determination 
to obtain a square deal that his company 
holds its present position. At one time he 
decided that the Silver King Coalition Mines 
Company, a neighboring 
property, had trespassed 
on his company's prop- 
erty and taken out a large 
amount of ore. He finally 
filed a suit to recover the 
value of it, but was har- 
assed by counter suits 
and every possible obsta- 
cle that the powerful in- 
terests back of his com- 
pany's adversary could 
place in his way. The 
odds against him in this 
fight were tremendous, 
for the Silver King Coali- 
tion is made up of many 
of the strongest iiid 
brainiest financiers in 
America, and they put up 
a struggle that lasted for 
more than three years. 
Lacking the large finan- 
cial resources of his op- 
ponents, he met power 
with tenacity and put up 
a battle, which, in addi- 
tion to being crowned 

with success for his stockholders, will always 
be remembered as one of the most notable 
contests in the vivid history of mining in the 
West. He finally secured judgment for 

In addition to his Silver King Consolidated 
connections, Mr. Spiro is president and gen- 
eral manager of the Little Bell Consolidated 
Mining Company, a dividend paying propo- 
sition, also located in the Park City district; 
director of the Merchants' Bank of Salt Lake 
City, Utah, and is also a stockholder in 
numerous other mining and business ven- 

He is essentially a man of progress and is 
interested in many ways in the upbuilding of 
his city. 

He is identified with the Commercial 
Club of Salt Lake and is a prominent 
member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 






BERNARD, Vice Pres., J. D. 
Spreckels & Bros. Co., San 
Francisco, was born in that 
city, January 5, 1857, the 
son of Claus and Anna C. (Mangels) Spreck- 
els. His father, Claus Spreckels, who was 
born in Germany, came from New York to 
San Francisco in 1856, and his activities in 
California are today not only an important 
part of the industrial history of this State 
but also of the United States and the Ha- 
waiian Islands. Having become interested 
in the sugar-growing industry, he established 
the Bay Sugar Refinery, in 1868, at the cor- 
ner of Battery and Union streets, and after 
three or four years of success in this founded 
the California Sugar Refinery at Eighth and 
Brannan, in competition with the concern 
conducted by James Gordan, Wm. T. Cole- 
man and others. By the use of improved 
machinery and modern methods he soon got 
control of the local market, and about 1882 
moved to the Potrero, where he built the 
huge establishment his sons are now operat- 
ing so successfully. About 1876 he had be- 
gun to buy sugar lands and plantations in 
the Hawaiian Islands, to which holdings he 
subsequently largely added. In 1888 he de- 
termined to fight to a finish the Sugar Trust, 
which had been trying to force him from the 
refining field. He built in Philadelphia the 
largest refinery in the world, carried the 
battle to the trust's own ground and won a 
memorable victory. The trust afterwards 
bought this refinery at his own figures. His 
largest contribution, perhaps, to the indus- 
trial development of California was his es- 
tablishment of the beet sugar industry, first 
at Watsonville, and then at Salinas. This is 
now also the largest of its kind in the world, 
employing thousands of men and proving a 
great boon especially to the farmers of the 
State. Another of his important services to 
California was his pioneer opposition to the 
Southern Pacific monopoly. This he ex- 
pressed by aiding in the financing of the San 
Francisco and San Joaquin Valley Railroad, 
which was subsequently absorbed by the 
Santa Fe. He was one of California's most 
public-spirited citizens, ever ready to aid any 
project he believed to be for the State's best 
interests. His son, Adolph, together with the 
latter's brothers, are continuing his activities 
with conspicuous success, and are among the 
commercial and financial leaders of the Pa- 

cific Coast. On May 11, 1907, Adolph Spreck- 
els was married in Philadelphia to Miss Alma 
de Bretteville, daughter of Victor de Brette- 
ville, some of whose maternal ancestors 
played notable parts in the history of France, 
especially during the French Revolution. 
The children of this marriage are Alma de 
Bretteville Spreckels, born Aug. 23, 1910, 
and Adolph F. Spreckels, Oct. 30, 1911. 

Mr. Spreckels obtained his first schooling 
in private schools of San Francisco, two of 
which, that of Dr. Huddart, corner of Bryant 
and Second streets, and the establishment of 
George Bates, were among the old land- 
marks that have passed away. From 1869 to 
1871 he attended school in Hanover, Ger- 
many, and after his return to San Francisco 
was a student at the South Cosmopolitan 
Grammar School, from '72 to '74. He then 
entered Heald's Business College, from which 
he was graduated at the end of nine months. 
In 1876 Mr. Spreckels began his business 
career as a clerk in the California Sugar Re- 
finery at Eighth and Brannan streets. After 
serving about four years as clerk he became 
secretary of the company, and in 1881 formed 
a partnership with his brothers under the 
firm name of J. D. Spreckels & Bros. Co., of 
which he was made vice president, an office 
he has since retained. 

When the firm was incorporated it be- 
came the general agent for the Oceanic 
Steamship Co., with vessels running be- 
tween San Francisco and the Sandwich 
Islands. The business was that of general 
shipping and commission, handling all kinds 
of freight, as well as a passenger traffic, and 
confining its trade chiefly to San Francisco 
and the Islands. This soon grew to very large 
proportions, which were gradually increased 
by the acquisition and development of the 
firm's sugar and plantation interests in Ha- 
waii. For six or seven years the company 
ran a line of large steamers to Australia, car- 
rying freight and passengers, and also be- 
came agents for the Kosmos Line, which 
plied chiefly between Hamburg, Germany, 
and South American and Central American 

For many years the Government of New 
South Wales had been paying the Spreckels 
a subsidy for running their vessels. This 
was finally cut off, but the company still con- 
tinued the service, until in 1906, shortly after 
the earthquake, they were obliged to stop 
what had for some time been a losing ven- 



ture. Recently, however, the wonderful de- 
velopment of the fuel oil industry in Califor- 
nia has combined with the firm's knowledge 
of commercial needs to prompt the restora- 
tion of the line, and the brothers are now 
converting the vessels into oil burners. They 
are still the agents for the Oceanic Line, in 
which they are also large stockholders. 

Since the incorporation of the firm its 
business has developed from a basis of hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars to that of many 
millions, not only through the natural com- 
mercial expansion of the country, but also 
through the remarkable growth of the beet 
sugar industry, which Claus Spreckels had 
established at Watsonville and Salinas. If 
any indication of the company's prosperity 
were needed it would suffice to visit the 
great refinery in the Potrero, or the beautiful 
new office building recently completed, in 
Grecian style of architecture, at the corner of 
California and Davis streets. 

Beyond Mr. Spreckels' business activities 
he has found time to prove a useful citizen 
in other directions. As Park Commissioner 
under Governor Budd, and during the three 
administrations of Mayor Phelan, as well as 
through Mayor Schmitz's term, he has done 
much for the improvement and beauty of 
Golden Gate Park. In both the Phelan and 
Schmitz regimes he was president of the 
commission, and on Jan. 8 of the present year 
was again appointed to the Board of Park 
Commissioners by Mayor Rolph. 

Mr. Spreckels' services as Park Commis- 
sioner are greater than they are generally 
known to be. Prompted by his enthusiasm 
for the general beautification of the park and 
by his genuine public spirit, he is responsible 
for some of the most useful and ornamental 
features in this great pleasure ground. It 
was he who induced his father to give the 
beautiful and imposing Music Stand, which 
is said to be the handsomest in any American 
park, and which remains a monument to the 
generosity and thoughtfulness both of father 
and son. He was also the main factor in the 
building of the huge stadium which has 
proved such a boon to the lovers of open-air 
athletics, young and old, as well as to the 
amateur drivers of fast trotters that show 
their paces on the speedway encircling the 
stadium proper. Another important sugges- 
tion of Mr. Spreckels for use and adornment 
of the park is the huge Dutch windmill, near 
the extreme western edge of the grounds. 
This has made possible Spreckels Lake, so 
named after the projector of the windmill, 

and other smaller lakes, into which the mill 
pumps the necessary water. 

For many years Mr. Spreckels has been a 
racer and a breeder of thoroughbred horses, 
and has owned and raised some of the great- 
est performers in the history of the sport on 
this coast. Among these were such notable 
winners as Gallant. Cadmus and the remark- 
able four-miler, Candid. The most note- 
worthy of all Mr. Spreckels' thoroughbreds, 
and said to be the greatest racehorse pro- 
duced in California, is Dr. Leggo, who won 
the Burns Handicap, and shortly after an- 
other great stake over the same distance, a 
mile and a quarter, at Los Angeles. The 
Doctor was raised by Mr. Spreckels, and is 
now in the stud on the stock farm near Napa 
City. Other famous sires there are Solitaire, 
which Mr. Spreckels bought from Sir Ed- 
ward Cassel, after this horse had won the 
Queen's Vase at Ascot and many other im- 
portant races in England; Puryer D., an 
Eastern-bred stallion, and Voorhees, a son of 
Solitaire. Among the best of the brood mares 
on the farm is Sevens, which Mr. Spreckels 
named at the suggestion of a friend, after he 
had held four sevens on four different occa- 

He is also especially fond of driving 
horses, of standard-bred stock, and finds his 
recreation partly in cultivating this taste. 
Formerly he was an enthusiastic yachtsman, 
and as owner of the Consuelo and the Lur- 
line has figured conspicuously in yachting 

Mr. Spreckels is widely known for his af- 
fability, genial nature and kindliness, but 
despite these popular qualities has remained 
aloof from politics and public life, strictly so- 
called. He has preferred to serve his fellow- 
men in other ways and has never been lack- 
ing in benevolence. 

Outside of his connection with the J. D. 
Spreckels & Brothers Company he has other 
important business interests requiring his at- 
tention. Among these are the Western 
Sugar Company, the Oceanic Steamship 
Company, of both of which he is vice presi- 
dent, and the Sunset Monarch Company, of 
which he is a director. 

His clubs are the Pacific-Union, Bohem- 
ian, Union League, Merchants, San Fran- 
cisco Yacht Club and the Olympic Athletic, 
of which last he is a life-member. 

At present he resides in Sausalito, Marin 
County, but will soon move into the hand- 
some home he is building at the corner of 
Washington and Octavia streets, San Fran- 




ceased), Capitalist, Los Angeles, 
California, was born at Jackson- 
ville, Illinois, the &on of Cornelius 
Hook and Ann (Spencer) Hook. 
He married Mary Barbee, daugh- 
ter of an eminent Indiana jurist, at Lafayette, In- 
diana, April 2, 1885. They had two sons, William 
S. Hook, Jr., and Barbee S. Hook. 

Mr. Hook, who was one of a large family of 
children, had scant opportunities for education in 
his youth, being compelled to leave school when he 
was only twelve years of age to aid in the support 
of the house. The teaching he had obtained was 
in the common schools of the district, which at that 
time were not extensive educational institutions. 

His first position after leaving school was in a 
general merchandise store at Jacksonville, where 
he worked for several years in various capacities, 
but principally as a clerk. He left that place in 
the late fifties to take a position as a clerk in the 
private bank of M. P. Ayers & Company, an old 
established financial institution of Jacksonville. 
Having been denied adequate educational opportu- 
nities himself, Mr. Hook learned higher mathe- 
matics by studying with a younger sister, who was 
more fortunate than he in this respect. In this way 
he fitted himself for advancement in the financial 
world and was rapidly promoted in the Ayers bank. 
Within a few years Mr. Hook was admitted to 
partnership and rapidly became one of the leading 
financiers of that section of the Middle West. He 
devoted himself exclusively to banking for many 
years, but in the early eighties decided to enter 
the broader field of railroad operation. He had 
plans for the development of the State of Illinois 
by means of a network of steam railroads and he 
began work by purchasing the Jacksonville & 
Southeastern Railroad, a line which tapped a rich 
section of the State. In rapid succession he added 
other lines to this and it was not long before he 
was realizing his plans for opening up Illinois to 
wider commercial advantages. 

He then turned his attention to street railroads 
and purchased the horse car lines of Jacksonville 
and transformed them into electric roads, being one 
of the earliest men to introduce modern traction 
facilities in the West. He brought the street rail- 
way service to a high state of efficiency and then 
turned his attention again to further improvement 
of his steam railroad properties. His plans in- 
cluded the construction of a great steel bridge and 
other work, but the financial depression of 1893 
interfered and he was compelled to abandon opera- 
tions temporarily, although at any other time he 
could have commanded millions of capital in East- 
ern financial centers. 

In the spring of 1894, Mr. Hook and his wife 
went to California on a pleasure trip and halted 
for a time in Los Angeles. It was not then the 
metropolitan city of the present and was lacking in 
many respects, including modern street railway 
facilities. This feature appealed strongly to Mr. 
Hook, who had modernized the tractions of his na- 
tive city, and although he was nearing the age of 
retirement, he determined to give the city a modern 
transportation system. Accordingly he arranged 
for the purchase from the city of a franchise grant- 
ing him a route through the Southwestern portion 
of Los Angeles, then returned to Illinois to close 
out some of his less important business affairs. 

In February, 1895, Mr. Hook and his family re- 
turned to Los Angeles and there established a per- 
manent residence. His franchise having been 
granted the previous August, he began work at 
once on the construction of his railroad. In Au- 
gust, 1895, just about a year after the granting of 
his franchise, he began to operate cars under the 
name of the Los Angeles Traction Company, of 
which he and other members of the Hook family 
were sole owners. 

In the growth of a city no factor is more potent 
than its street railways. Outlying tracts of land, 
commanding sweeping vistas of mountain, valley 
and ocean remain ranch property or lie in fallow 
fields until touched by a car line, when there soon 
follows a speedy transformation into graded streets, 
green lawns, spacious grounds and all that goes to 
make a desirable residence district, while the 
ranch land becomes valuable suburban property. 
Nowhere has there been a more striking illustra- 
tion of this than in Los Angeles, with its almost 
unprecedented growth and the rapid expansion of 
its boundary line, owing unquestionably to its splen- 
didly equipped electric railway lines. 

With the building of Mr. Hook's first line, run- 
ning through the Southwestern part of the city, 
the transportation of Los Angeles was brought up 
to a modern standard and the territory through 
which it passed was quickly changed from an un- 
developed stretch of land into a beautiful residen- 
tial district. Tracts were opened, real estate 
values advanced, wide boulevards built and this 
section, known now as the West Adams District of 
Los Angeles, is made up of palatial residences and 
is one of the most exclusive and fashionable home 
districts in America. Leading the way for others, 
Mr. Hook, in 1895, built a magnificent residence 
there and it has long been one of the show places 
of Los Angeles, being owned now by William H. 
Holliday, a wealthy banker to whom Mrs. Hook 
sold the property in 1912. 

His first line proving a success, Mr. Hook built 
other traction lines in Los Angeles and had plans 
for the building of an interurban system that would 
join Los Angeles with Pasadena and Santa Monica, 
California. He was prevented by failing health, 
however, from realizing these plans. Never a ro- 
bust man, he began to feel the effects of his long 
and active career, and in 1903, after a determined 
battle against illness, was compelled to retire from 
participation in active business. Shortly after this 
he disposed of all his traction interests. 

This practically closed the business career of 
Mr. Hook, his death ensuing in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, less than a year later, .on June 24, 1904. 
He was laid to rest in his native city. 

During his life Mr. Hook occupied a leading 
position among the financial interests of the United 
States and was a staunch supporter of the Republi- 
can party, but like many other substantial men he 
devoted himself to business and took no active part 
in politics. Owing to the diversity of his interests 
and the fact that he had to conserve all of his 
efforts for his work, he devoted little or no time to 
clubs, spending his leisure in resting for the next 
day's activities. He was liberal but unostentatious 
in his charities and although he was one of the 
most enterprising capitalists of the West, was little 
known outside of business circles. 

His widow and sons survive him. 



Vice President and Treasurer, 
Fresno Irrigated Farms Co., 
San Francisco, Cal., was born 
in Minneapolis, Minn., July 18, 
1857, the son of Henry Hechtman and Sophia 
K. (Weinell) Hechtman. His grandfather 
came to this country from Bavaria, first set- 
tled in Erie, Pennsylvania, but subsequently 
moved to Minneapolis, 
then known as St. An- 
thony Falls, and engaged 
in the real estate busi- 
ness. Mr. Hechtman's 
father, a well-known soap 
manufacturer of Min- 
neapolis, was a member 
of the Territorial Legis- 
lature of 1857. The son 
went to California in 
1876, and in December, 
1880, was married at Mi- 
nersville to Miss Caroline 
Cooper. By this mar- 
riage he is the father of 
Judson O., born in 1881 ; 
Henry A., in 1882; Wal- 
ter I., 1888, and C. Belle 
Hechtman, 1891. 

Mr. Hechtman attend- 
ed the public schools of 
his native town, and for a 
while he was a student at 
the business college. In 
1871 he was graduated 
from the University of 
Minnesota, whence he 
joined his father in the Minnesota Soap Com- 
pany of St. Paul, Minn. 

After several years in this business he 
spent several more in traveling and taking 
life comparatively "easy." He was unhamp- 
ered by any urgent needs, and was deter- 
mined to let the strenuous life wait upon the 
necessity of leading it. Reaching San Fran- 
cisco in 1876, he went shortly thereafter to 
his uncle's ranch, which at that time was sit- 
uated within the present city limits of 'Los 
Angeles. Here he lived for the next few 
years, getting a practical experience of ranch 
life and forming the ideas of irrigation which 
he has since developed into a positive hobby. 
Toward the end of this decade he became in- 
terested in mining, went over into Trinity 
county, invested in some gravel and quartz 
properties there, and by working in various 
capacities acquired a practical knowledge of 
the business. This experience was valuable, 


but somewhat costly. In 1880 Mr. Hecht- 
man shifted the field of his activities to rail- 
roading, and until 1884 was assistant agent 
of the Southern Pacific at Los Angeles, ris- 
ing, from '85 to '90, to the post of General 
Agent of the Union Pacific Railway. He 
then became attracted by the fruit shipping 
business, wherein he was made vice presi- 
dent of the Porter Brothers Company, com- 
posed of Nate R. Sals- 
bury, Washington Porter 
and Fred Porter. With 
them he remained nine 
years, gradually enlarg- 
ing his interests until 
they included the consid- 
erable number of con- 
cerns of which he is now 
an officer. 

During these years Mr. 
Hechtman was located 
variously between Los 
Angeles, S a c r a m e nto, 
Fresno and Kerman, 
stimulating his interest in 
irrigation by much read- 
ing and practical obser- 
vation. He has gathered 
together a large library, 
and although his tenden- 
cies have been chiefly 
commercial, art and liter- 
ature are with him al- 
most an avocation. He is 
fond of automobiling, and 
was formerly an ardent 
hunter and angler. 
Besides his vice presidency of the Fresno 
Irrigated Farms Company he is vice presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Kerman, 
and the Cal. Stock Food Co. and president of 
the Abbott Orchard Co. From 1897 to 1902 
he was a director of the Booth-Kelley Lum- 
ber Co. and of the Cal. Pine Box & Lumber 
Co. For three years he was vice president of 
the Oregon Land & Livestock Co.; formerly 
a director of the Truckee River General 
Electric Co., Reno Light, Power and Water 
Co., and the Floriston Pulp and Paper Co. 
His clubs and associations are: Pacific- 
Union, Bohemian, Press, San Francisco Golf 
and Country; California, of Los Angeles; 
Sequoia, of Fresno; Sutter, of Sacramento, 
and the Madera County; Merchants' Ex- 
change, San Francisco; Cal. Development 
Board, San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Ani- 
mals and the S. P. C. C. 



ager Inland Crystal Salt Com- 
pany, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
was born in that city October 
8, 1855. He is the son of 
William Clayton and Augusta (Braddock) 
Clayton. He married Sybella White John- 
son at Salt Lake, June 26, 1884, and of their 
union there have been five children Sybella 
W., Charles C., Law- 
rence, Irving and Robert 
W. Clayton. 

Mr. Clayton had a 
very limited opportunity 
for education and was 
forced to leave the grade 
school of Salt Lake, 
which he had attended, 
when he was 12 years 
old and go to work. He 
has been steadily engaged 
in business since that 
time, and as a result of 
earnest endeavor and in- 
born ability has attained 
an eminent position in the 
business life of his State. 
His first employment 
was in a salt mill, where 
he received wages of 50 
cents a day. He worked 
there for several years, 
but at the same time he 


works after leaving the employ of the Terri- 
tory was the building of the famous Saltair 
Pavilion in Utah, which was followed by his 
assisting in the incorporation and building of 
the Salt Lake and Los Angeles Railroad, con- 
necting Salt Lake with the pavilion. These 
were among the most important improve- 
ments made in Utah up to that time. 

In addition to these two enterprises and 
the Crystal Salt Company, 
Mr. Clayton is interested 
in various others. Among 
them are the Clayton In- 
vestment Company, of 
which he is president 
and general manager; 
the Utah Sulphur Com- 
pany, the Consolidated 
Music Company, Delray 
Salt Company of Detroit 
and the Clayton Land 
and Cattle Company. Of 
all these corporations Mr. 
Clayton is president and 
a heavy stockholder. He 
has numerous minor in- 
terests scattered through- 
out the United States. 
He gives his personal at- 
tention to the more im- 
portant ones and is the 
principal influence in 
their successful operation. 

was fitting himself for better things in life 
and spent his nights studying. By his own 
efforts he was able to teach himself many 
things he had missed by leaving school, and 
when he was 17 years of age he obtained a 
position as office boy in the office of the Ter- 
ritorial Auditor of Utah. 

He remained in that office in various ca- 
pacities until he was 21 years of age, and at 
that time was elected to the position of Ter- 
ritorial Librarian and Recorder of Marks and 
Bonds. He retained that for a number of 
years and then was elected Territorial Audi- 
tor of Accounts, taking charge of the depart- 
ment where he had gone, a few years before, 
as office boy. 

He served as Territorial Auditor until 
1890, when he resigned to engage in the salt 
refining business, a field in which he has won 
a foremost position. Among his earlier 

Mr. Clayton is also a director and stock- 
holder in the Utah National Bank and holds 
directorships in numerous smaller corpora- 

He has been active in the affairs of Utah 
for the greater portion of his life and has 
been most prominent among the men who de- 
veloped the resources of that State, bringing 
it up to a position among the leading com- 
monwealths of the Union. 

In 1894, in recognition of his services to 
the State, he was chosen by Governor Caleb 
W. Webb to be his aide-de-camp, and when 
Utah was admitted to Statehood was made 
Commissary General, with the rank of Colo- 
nel, on the Governor's staff. He continued 
in that office until 1904. 

He is a member of the Alta, Country and 
Commercial Clubs of Salt Lake City and is 
one of the most popular men in the city. 



AWGOOD, HARRY, Civil and 
Hydraulic Engineer, Los Angeles, 
California, is a native of the 
British Empire, being born in 
Derbyshire, England, on April 
28, 1853. He is the son of Wil- 
liam Hawgood and Sarah A. (Pike) Hawgood. He 
married Harriet E. McWain of Vermont in 1887 in 

Mr. Hawgood received his education in 
schools of England. He at- 
tended the City of London 
School, one of the oldest in- 
stitutions of its nature in 
the British Empire, having 
been founded In 1442; it is 
closely identified with the 
Universities of Oxford and 
Cambridge. While attend- 
ing this school he was a 
fellow student of the man 
who is today at the head of 
British politics, Premier As- 
quith. Later he studied 
civil and mechanical engi- 
neering on municipal water 
works, and afterward in one 
of the largest shipbuilding 

yards on the River Thames. 

Shortly after finishing 
his studies in England he 
received in 1874 an appoint- 
ment which carried him into 
South Africa, where he was 
engaged in designing struc- 
tures for the Cape of Good 
Hope government railways, 
serving under a five years' 
contract. He became Assistant Resident Engineer 
in the Maintenance Department of the government 
railways in that region, where he fulfilled his con- 
tract to the day. He returned to England in 1879, 
and received commendatory letters from the Brit- 
ish Government officials, and in 1880 came to 
America and located at Madison, Wisconsin. Short- 
ly afterward he was made Assistant Engineer of 
Construction on the Madison and Milwaukee line 
of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway and his 
rise in the engineering world was rapid. 

In 1881 he was made Locating Engineer, recon- 
noitering for extensions of the Utah Northern Rail- 
way, now the Oregon Short Line, in Idaho and 
Montana. He continued in this capacity for two 
years and laid out and constructed some of the 
most difficult pieces of railway construction known 
in that region. 

In 1884 he was Resident Engineer in charge of 
construction from Le Grande to Baker City, Oregon, 
on the Oregon Railway and Navigation System. 

A year later he resigned to follow private prac- 
tice in hydraulic and railroad engineering at Port- 

land, Oregon. He met with success and in a short 
time became Consulting Engineer for the Receiver 
of the Oregonian Railroad and the Chief Engineer 
of Construction on the Portland, Willamette Valley 
Railway. He was appointed by the Governor of 
Oregon as one of the commissioners to determine 
and fix the length of the navigable draw-span on the 
railroad bridge across the Willamette River. In May, 
1888, after the purchase of the P. and W. V. Railway 
by the Southern Pacific System, Mr. Hawgood 
became Resident Engineer 
for that road and was lo- 
cated at Los Angeles in 
charge of the lines between 
that city and El Paso, Texas. 
He continued in that posi- 
tion up to 1894, when he re- 
signed to enter Into practice 
as Consulting Engineer. 

When the San Pedro- 
Santa Monica Harbor contro- 
versy arose Mr. Hawgood 
took a prominent part in that 
matter, making a thorough 
study of the question. In 
1896 he made the engineer- 
ing argument in favor of San 
Pedro before the Commerce 
Committee of the United 
States Senate, and later ar- 
gued the same question in 
Los Angeles before what was 
known as the Walker Harbor 
Board, a special board ap- 
pointed by the President of 
the United States to select 


draulics and power engineering up to 1900. 
At that time he accepted the position of 
Chief Engineer in the location and con- 
struction of the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt 
Lake Railroad, notable among his structures being 
the large concrete viaduct over the Santa Ana 
River near Riverside. In 1904, his services with 
the railroad company being finished, he resumed 
practice as Consulting Engineer. 

Since locating in Los Angeles, in 1888, Mr. Haw- 
good has been engaged as a hydraulic consulting 
engineer by the City of Los Angeles and other mu- 
nicipalities. He has done excellent service for the 
Los Angeles City Water Company, the Kern River 
Company, the Pacific Light and Power Company 
and various others throughout the West. 

Mr. Hawgood has an international reputation. 
He holds memberships in the following: Institution 
of Civil Engineers, London; American Society of 
Civil Engineers; American Railway Engineering 
Association, and was formerly President of the En- 
gineers and Architects' Association of So. Cal. He 
is a member of the Jonathan Club of Los Angeles. 



Physician, Los Angeles, Cal., was 
born at Sater, Ohio, Sept. 27, 1869. 
His father was Thomas Pottenger 
and his mother Hannah Ellen 
(Sater) Pottenger. On his moth- 
er's side his ancestry runs direct to Oliver Crom- 
well. April 5, 1894, Dr. Pottenger married Carrie 
Burtner, of Germantown, Ohio, and Aug. 29, 1900, 
married Adelaide Gertrude Babbitt, at Sacramento, 
Cal. By his second wife 
there are three children, 
Francis Marion, Jr., Robert 
Thomas and Adelaide Marie 

Dr. Pottenger, one of the 
leading lung specialists in 
Southern California, and one 
of the world's leading cru- 
saders in the fight against 
tuberculosis, was born on an 
Ohio farm. He began his 
studies in the public schools 
of Sater and in the Prepara- 
tory Department of Otter- 
bein University, Westerville, 
Ohio, for his higher educa- 
tion, from 1886 to 1888. He 
then entered the collegiate 
department of Otterbein, re- 
maining until 1892, when he 
was graduated with the de- 
gree of Ph. B. He obtained 
the degree of A. M. in 1907, 
and the honorary degree of 
LL. D. in 1909. Determining 
upon medicine for his life 
work, he spent the next year 
at the Medical College of 

Ohio. Another year in the Cincinnati College of 
Medicine and Surgery and he received his degree 
of M. D., graduating with the highest honors of his 
class and winning the first gold medal. 

He left school April 3, 1894, two days later was 
married, and before the end of the month was in 
Europe, where he spent his honeymoon and did 
post-graduate work in leading hospitals of the old 
world, particularly those of Vienna. Returning in 
December, 1894, he began practice at Norwood, 
Ohio, and became assistant to Dr. Charles A. L. 
Reed, a noted surgeon of Cincinnati. About the 
same time he was made assistant to the Chair of 
Surgery of his Alma Mater. 

In 1895, his wife developing tuberculosis, Dr. 
Pottenger surrendered his practice and went to 
Monrovia, Cal., where he re-engaged in practice. 
His wife's health failing to improve, he gave up 
his work a second time and returned to her home, 
near Dayton, Ohio, there to devote all his time to 
her care, until she died, in 1898. It had been Dr. 
Pottenger's intention to specialize in diseases of 
children and obstetrics, but when his wife died he 


decided that much more important work could be 
done in tuberculosis, and he took up tuberculosis 
as a life study. He returned to California to re- 
sume practice, but in 1900 suspended temporarily 
while he did post-graduate work in New York. Re- 
turning to California in 1901, he opened offices in 
Los Angeles as a tuberculosis specialist, the first 
ethical physician on the Pacific Coast to specialize 
in this line. In 1903, in the picturesque and health- 
ful environs of Monrovia, he established the Pot- 
tenger Sanatorium for Dis- 
eases of the Lungs and 
Throat, which has grown to 
be one of the famous institu- 
tions of the world. From a 
capacity of eleven, it has 
grown until now it houses 
more than one hundred pa- 
tients. The success of the 
institution as a scientific life 
saving station has been 
due to the personal efforts 
of Dr. Pottenger, who has 
continually strived for better 
methods. With this thought 
in mind, he has visited the 
leading sanatoria of Europe 
and America, attended many 
scientific gatherings and as- 
sociated with the leaders of 
the universe in the war 
against the plague. He has 
written a book on the sub- 
ject, in addition to about sev- 
enty-five separate papers, 
and has delivered numerous 
lectures on the subject. 

Through Dr. Pottenger's 
efforts the Southern Califor- 

nia Anti-Tuberculosis League was founded, and he 
was its President for three years. 

Among the noted and learned societies of which 
he is a member, the following are given: The Los 
Angeles County Medical Association, the Los An- 
geles Clinical and Pathological Society, the South- 
ern California Medical Society, the Medical Society 
of California, the American Medical Association, 
the American Academy of Medicine, the American 
Therapeutic Society, the American Climatological 
Association, the Mississippi Valley Medical Asso- 
ciation; Los Angeles, California, National and In- 
ternational Associations for the Study and Preven- 
tion of Tuberculosis, the American Sanatorium 
Association, the American Academy of Political 
and Social Science, the Archaeological Institute of 
America, and the National Geographical Society. 

He is a member of the California Club, the Uni- 
versity Club and the Gamut Club, of Los An- 

In August, 1911, he was appointed First Lieuten- 
ant in the Medical Reserve Corps, of the United 
States Army. 






chant, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in London, England, 
May 25, 1864. He is the son of 
John Haggarty and Elizabeth Ann 
(Atkinson) Haggarty, and married 
Bertha M. Schnider at St. Paul, Minnesota, Au- 
gust 24, 1901. 

Mr. Haggarty remained in his native England 
until he had passed his majority, receiving his 
education and business training there before he 
crossed the Atlantic to seek his fortune in the 
United States. He attended the public schools of 
London, later attending a private boarding school 
situated in Richmond, Yorkshire. This finished his 
actual schooling and at the age of nineteen he \vas 
well equipped for a business career. 

He preferred to learn a special line, however, 
and so in 1883 apprenticed himself to William Bryer 
& Company, a large drygoods establishment in 
King William street, London. He served there 
four years and in that time became exceptionally 
proficient in the business, which he had taken se- 
riously from the start and which he had studied 
in its every detail. 

Upon the completion of his apprentice term 
Mr. Haggarty sailed for America, arriving in 1887. 
His first engagement in the New World was with 
Nugent Brothers, a large drygoods concern of St. 
Louis, Missouri. He remained with the firm for 
about four years, principally as buyer in the gar- 
ment department, in which he was a specialist. 

Mr. Haggarty left the Nugent Brothers to ac- 
cept a better position with Scruggs, Vandervourt 
& Barney, another large house, who appointed him 
assistant buyer for the firm. He only held the 
position two years, however, for at the end of that 
period of time, or in 1893, he went to Duluth, Min- 
nesota, as a buyer for the Silverstein & Bondy 
Company of that place. He remained in Duluth 
for nine years, during which time he established 
himself firmly in the business life of the city. In 
1902 the promise of Southern California appealed 
to him, so, he severed his connection with the Du- 
luth house and located in Los Angeles. He imme- 
diately became associated with Jacoby Brothers 
of that city, as buyer and manager of their gar- 
ment department. 

During his three years and a half connection 
with the Jacoby firm Mr. Haggarty built up a tre- 
mendous business in his particular line and, inci- 
dentally, saved enough money to go into business 
for himself on a small scale. He began by secur- 
ing a building on Broadway, in the center of the 
Los Angeles business district, and there laid the 
foundation for one of the most successful busi- 
nesses in the commercial history of the city. He 
called his store the New York Cloak and Suit 
House, an incorporated institution, in which he was 
President and chief stockholder. The business was 
started on a comparatively small investment, but 
within a short time it had leaped to a leading posi- 

tion in the business life of the city and at the pres- 
ent time Mr. Haggarty estimates that the transac- 
tions of the house exceed a million dollars an- 

When his first venture had proved a success, due 
in large measure to his expert knowledge of the 
business, Mr. Haggarty determined to extend his 
activities and, accordingly, purchased a controlling 
interest in another large house known as the Paris 
Cloak and Suit House. This company is on a par 
with his first establishment and also does a tre- 
mendous business. Into it he brought, besides cap- 
ital, the wide experience and natural business abil- 
ity which had made him a success in life. He is re- 
garded today as one of the shrewdest business men 
in the Southwest and one of the most accomplished 
buyers in the foreign and domestic markets. 

Mr. Haggarty devotes his personal attention to 
the management of his stores and notwithstanding 
the fact that he goes to the New York markets four 
times a year, makes an annual trip to the fashion 
centers of Europe. This latter he considers abso- 
lutely necessary in order that he may keep in close 
touch with the famous designers and originators, 
especially those of Paris. He has made his busi- 
ness a life study and is regarded in the United 
States and Europe as an authority. 

In addition to his own affairs, Mr. Haggarty is 
a close student of world politics and of business 
conditions in general and an accurate reader of the 
effect of current events upon business. 

he is of an optimistic temperament and a thor- 
ough believer in the prosperity of the country 
which he has adopted for his home. 

Mr. Haggarty, in addition to being a successful 
merchant, is a man of artistic inclinations and has 
surrounded himself with the best of literature, 
paintings and music. After settling permanently in 
Southern California he began to plan a magnificent 
home for himself. This ideal home is in the fash- 
ionable West Adams section of Los Angeles. He 
has christened the place Castle York, and it will 
long stand as one of the most magnificent private 
residences on the Pacific Slope. The building is of 
Norman Gothic architecture, after the style of the 
Fourteenth century, and cost more than $100,000. 
It is surrounded by spacious grounds, with sunken 
gardens and a conservatory of rare plants as two 
of its most beauteous exterior features. 

The interior of the Castle is in keeping with 
the artistic feelings of the owner, arranged in ex- 
cellent taste and with excellent regard for those 
refinements that are to be found in the home of 
gentlefolk. In order to enjoy the classic music to 
which he is a devotee, Mr. Haggarty has caused 
to be built in the home a magnificent pipe organ, 
one of the most perfect instruments of its kind 
privately owned in the United States. 

Mr. Haggarty is a member of the Gamut Club 
and Los Angeles Athletic Club, but is really not a 
clubman, his inclinations being towards domes, 



ANDER, Railroads, Los An- 
geles, California, was born at 
Market Hill, County Armagh, 
Ireland, May 7, 1854, the son 
of William Wann and Margaret (Mitchell) 
Wann. He married Carrie Van Court, Au- 
gust, 21, 1901, at Lemmington, England. 
Mr. Wann is one of the men who has 
risen gradually and con- 
sistently to a top position 
in the railroad world 
through industry and 

rigid application to duty 
and through a thorough 
mastering of the details 
of railroad operation. He 
holds today a place 
among the great man- 
agers of railroads on the 
Pacific Coast, and in the 
course of his career has 
held offices of c o n - 
sequence on some of the 
most important railroad 
systems in the United 

His parents sent him 
to the Royal School, at 
Armagh, Ireland, until 
1868, when he was four- 
teen years old. He then 
came to the United 
States. A few months 
later he was at Lawrence, 
Kansas, a clerk in the 
office of the General Su- 
perintendent of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. 

Four years later, in 1873, when he was 
only nineteen years old, he was offered, and 
accepted, the position of Chief Clerk in the 
offices of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas 
Railroad at Sedalia, Missouri, a position of 

Three years later, 1876, at the age of 
twenty-two, he was appointed the General 
Agent in New York City of the Missouri, 
Kansas and Texas Railroad, and was one of 
the youngest men to ever hold a railroad 
position of such importance in the country's 
largest city. 

He was offered the office, in 1880, of Gen- 
eral Agent for the Cleveland, Cincinnati, 
Chicago and St. Louis Railway, known as 
the "Big Four," at St. Louis, Missouri, and 
after a year he accepted the even more im- 
portant position of Assistant General Freight 
Agent of the Chicago and Alton Railroad at 


St. Louis. In the management of the freight 
department of this system he remained for 
more than two decades, being advanced to 
the post of General Freight Agent in 1896, 
with headquarters at Chicago. 

After eight years as General Freight 
Agent of the Chicago and Alton Railroad, he 
resigned to accept the Vice Presidency of 
the C., H. & D. Pere Marquette system. 
He then took his place 
among the big managers 
of railroads. He resigned 
this post to retire to pri- 
vate life December 31, 
1905. He made his home 
at Cape Cod, Massachu- 

He did not long re- 
main in retirement. He 
was sought out by the 
new Clark enterprise, the 
San Pedro, Los Angeles 
and Salt Lake Railroad, 
and offered the post of 
General Traffic Manager. 
He accepted and took up 
his headquarters at Los 
Angeles, in December, 

One of the chief duties 
of his office was that of 
organization. The San 
Pedro, Los Angeles and 
Salt Lake Railroad had 
just begun operation and 
it was necessary to create 
traffic and to' organize the 
necessary machinery for its handling, as 
well as to attend to the necessary duties of 
administration. For this duty he was par- 
ticularly chosen because of his long experi- 
ence at the head of the freight department 
of the Chicago & Alton road. 

Mr. Wann has, in the five years of his 
residence in Los Angeles, become much in- 
terested in the activities of the city, and his 
name is frequently seen connected with 
matters of public and semi-public moment. 
He has been especially interested in the 
development of Los Angeles harbor at 
San Pedro, where lies the terminus of the 
San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Rail- 

In Los Angeles he is a member of the 
California Club. He also belongs to the Illi- 
nois Athletic Club of Chicago, the Alta 
Club of Salt Lake, and the Commercial Club 
of the s.ame city. 



Merchant and Manufacturer, 
Los Angeles, Cal., was born 
March 31, 1859, at Plymouth, 
Pa., the son of James B. 
Hutchison and Ann (McGuffie) Hutchison. 
He married Laura Chauvin, October 23, 1894, 
at Los Angeles, California. 

Mr. Hutchison attended the public schools 
of his native town and. 
later, the Wyoming Sem- 
inary of Kingston, Pa. 

He left school in 1874, 
when fifteen years old, to 
work for his father, who 
owned the Phoenix Coal 
Company of Pittston, Pa. 
His father sold out after 
two years, but he was 
employed by the new 
firm, who still continued 
the business under the 
original incorporated 
name. At the age of nine- 
teen he was made super- 
intendent of the mines, 
the youngest mine su- 
perintendent in the an- 
thracite coal region. Two 
years later he resigned 
his position and such was 
the esteem in which his 
employes held him that 
they presented him with 
a gold watch and chain. 

He was stirred by a de- 
sire to go West, and 
chose Denver, at that time in the midst of its 
first boom. He was given a position by a gas 
fixture firm and was their accountant for a 
number of years, and later in various capaci- 
ties thoroughly familiarized himself with the 

He moved to Los Angeles in September, 
1887, and went into business for himself. On 
a small scale at first, as the town demanded, 
he manufactured lighting fixtures, and con- 
ducted a retail and wholesale store. His his- 
tory and that of his business, have been a 
part of the growth of the City of Los An- 
geles. He equipped his factory to manufac- 
ture every variety of gas and electric fix- 
tures and brought to Los Angeles the most 
skillful of workmen and artists, until his firm 
became noted for the artistic work of which 
it was capable. In the quantity of its yearly 
output, the firm of W. G. Hutchison Com- 
pany is one of the largest in the country, sur- 


passed only by firms in New York, Chicago 
and Philadelphia; in the value of its output 
it has few rivals, owing to the artistic and 
high-priced work demanded by the excep- 
tionally wealthy population of Southern 

Mr. Hutchison is known in his city as a 
man unselfishly devoted to the public good. 
He is a public man of the type that does not 
seek paid public office, 
but instead assumes of- 
fices for which there is no 
pay except the satisfac- 
tion derived from helping 
his city and its inhabi- 
tants. He has for ten 
years been a member of 
the Merchants and Manu- 
facturers' Association, 
and on January 18, 1912 : 
he was chosen its presi- 
dent, an honor conferred 
on him by about fourteen 
hundred of the most in- 
fluential business men of 
Los Angeles. This or- 
ganization is one of the 
most powerful and effi- 
cient of its kind in the 
United States. It has a 
membership com- 
posed of practically every 
man of consequence in 
Los Angeles and South- 
ern California. It helps, 
in the most practical fash- 
ion, to bring legitimate 
industries to Los Angeles. It prevents the 
exploiting of frauds. It has charge of the 
charitable demands made upon the city's 
merchants. It critically examines every pub- 
lic project affecting the business men, and 
passes upon its worthiness. As a director for 
a number of terms, Mr. Hutchison has been 
lavish with his time and energy. His col- 
leagues elected him to the office of president 
as a surprise. He is also vice president and 
director of the L. A. Convention League and 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce. 

His business interests at the present time 
are concentrated in the W. G. Hutchison 
Company, of which he is president, and the 
Phoenix Lighting Fixture Company, of 
which he is a director. 

He belongs to the California Club, the 
Los Angeles Country Club, the Union 
League Club, Los Angeles Athletic Club, is 
a Thirty-second Degree Mason and a Shriner. 



torney at Law, Tucson, Arizona, 
was born in Denver, Colorado, 
January 29, 1872, the son of 
Charles Weston Wright and Har- 
riet S. (Pfouts) Wright. He mar- 
ried Mary P. McPhee, of Denver, in the latter city, 
October 12, 1897, and to them there have been 
born four children, Charles M., Jean M., Sallie 
Angell and Mary Fisher Wright. Mr. Wright is 
descended of a family which 
has been prominent in Amer- 
ican public life since pre- 
Revolutionary times, five 
members having served as 
Governors of as many states. 
James Wright was the last 
Colonial Governor of Geor- 
gia, Silas Wright, Governor of 
New York, William Wright, 
Governor of New Jersey, 
Robert Wright, Governor of 
Maryland and Joseph Wright 
Governor of Indiana. Mr. 
Wright's father was the 
first Attorney General of 
the State of Colorado. 

Mr. Wright obtained his 
preliminary education fn the 
schools of Denver and then 
entered the University of 
Notre Dame, at South Bend, 
Indiana, where he was a 
student for five years. Leav- 
ing Notre Dame he took up 
the study of law in the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor and was graduated in 
the class of 1894. 

Upon leaving the University, Mr. Wright went 
to Tucson, Arizona to practice law and has been 
so engaged ever since. He was successful from 
the time he arrived there and within two years 
was one of the leading attorneys of the city. On 
November 3, 1896, he was elected District Attorney 
of Yuma County, Arizona, of which Yuma is the 
County Seat, and served in this capacity in addi- 
tion to that of City Attorney of Yuma until Janu- 
ary 1, 1899. At that time he re-entered private 
practice and took his place among the leaders of 
the Arizona Bar. 

In 1903, Mr. Wright was appointed City Attor- 
ney of Tucson and served in mat office during 
the term, 1904 and 1905. He then returned to 
private practice, but continued to take an active 
interest in political and public affairs and since 
that time has held office at various periods. 

Mr. Wright has been Secretary of the Board of 
Public School Trustees of Tucson for eight years 
and for five years has been a member of the Public 
Library Commission of the same city. 


A coincidence in the life of Mr. Wright as com- 
pared with that of his father is that the latter was 
chosen first Attorney General of the State of Colo- 
rado and his son was the last Attorney General of 
the Territory of Arizona, a position to which he 
was appointed by Governor Sloan, May 3, 1909, and 
in which he served until Arizona became a State 
on February 14, 1912. 

The elder Wright was one of the picturesque 
figures of the legal profession for many years prior 
to his death and was gener- 
ally credited with having 
done a great deal for the up- 
building of Arizona. 

John B. Wright has been 
a stalwart supporter of the 
Republican party from the 
time he was able to vote and 
during his residence in Ari- 
zona has been one of the 
leaders in the affairs of the 
party. He has been in prac- 
tically all of the Republican 
State and County Conven- 
tions of Pima County for the 
last eighteen years and at 
various times has served as 
a member of the State and 
County Central Committees. 
Being an orator of unusual 
power, he has delivered 
numerous public addresses 
and is relied upon by his 
party as one of its strongest 
assets during campaigns, not 
only because of his ability 
as a logical and convincing 
speaker, but also because he 
enjoys a remarkable popu- 
larity throughout the State. 

In addition to his political and professional 
activities, Mr. Wright has also become interested 
in a number of business enterprises in Arizona 
and is a Director of and Attorney for twelve of the 
largest mining corporations operating in Arizona. 
He is interested also in a number of cattle, irriga- 
tion and manufacturing companies, serving as legal 
adviser to all of them. 

The companies with which Mr. Wright is identi- 
fied are taking an important part in the develop- 
ment of Arizona's resources and Mr. Wright, who 
is generally regarded as one of the enthusiastic 
workers for the growth of his adopted State, has 
been one of the guiding factors in all of their oper- 
ations. He has also figured prominently in various 
public movements and has lent his efforts, when- 
ever called upon, to advance the interests of Tucson. 
Mr. Wright is a member of the Old Pueblo 
Club of Tucson, the Arizona Society, Sons of the 
American Revolution and also holds membership 
in various other organizations. 



Deep Sea Dredging, Los Angeles, 
Gal., was born at Cable, Cham- 
paign County, Ohio, September 12, 
1862, the son of Jehu Guthridge 
and Elizabeth (Middleton) Guth- 
ridge. His parents were of Scotch descent, both 
natives of Ohio. Mr. Guthridge married Florence 
Montgomery at Columbus, Ohio, March 14, 1889, 
and to them there have been born two sons, Ralph 
A. and Russell M. Guth- 

Mr. Guthridge, whose 
father was engaged in farm- 
ing in Ohio, spent his boy- 
hood on the farm, attending 
public school in the winter 
months up to his sixteenth 

His first venture into 
business was made when he 
became a clerk in a drygoods 
establishment at U r b a n a, 
Ohio, a position he held until 
1884. At this time he be- 
came associated with a large 
carpet and curtain house in 
Columbus, Ohio, remaining 
with it about seven years. 

Resigning his position to 
become agent for the Mutual 
Life Insurance Co. of New 
York, in Franklin County, 
Ohio, Mr. Guthridge operated 
successfully in that field for 
seven years, or until 1896, at 
which time he decided to re- 
move to Los Angeles. Short- 
ly after his arrival there he 
purchased the Keystone Mills 
of that city. These mills, the 
oldest in Southern Califor- 
nia, were part of the manu- 
facturing history of Los An- 
geles, having been estab- 
lished in the year 1887. 

Under Mr. Guthridge's management they were 
greatly enlarged and modernized. 

In 1902 Mr. Guthridge sold out his milling prop- 
erty and went into the telephone business, as Su- 
perintendent and General Manager of the Con- 
struction Department of the U. S. Long Distance 
Telephone and Telegraph Co. He was so employed 
for about a year, and during that time supervised 
the construction of all the main lines owned by 
the company from Santa Barbara, Cal., southward. 
He severed his connection with the company in 
1903 and, with others, organized the Pacific Coast 
Telephone Construction Company for the purpose 
of building independent telephone plants in South- 
ern California. They organized and constructed 
the system of the San Fernando Valley and Re- 
dondo Telephone Co. and the Santa Paula, Oxnard 
and Santa Monica Telephone companies. In all 
of these corporations, except the Santa Monica 
Company, Mr. Guthridge holds the offices of Sec- 
retary, Treasurer and Director, and took an active 
part in their management until 1909. 

In 1909 Mr. Guthridge became associated with 
the North American Dredging Company of Nevada, 
as Secretary 01 the company, but within a short 
time was elected Vice President and Director. He 
is also a member of the Board of Directors of the 


North American Dredging Company of Texas. 
These companies are engaged in deep sea dredg- 
ing, canal building and harbor improvement, also 
the manufacture of dredging equipment. Mr. Guth- 
ridge, as the representative of his company, has 
been in personal charge of the work of giving Los 
Angeles a harbor, this work consisting of dredging 
the entrance to the harbor, deepening channels 
for the Outer Harbor Dock and Wharf Company, 
dredging the harbor at Wilmington, California, a 
part of the general harbor 
plans, and the filling of land 
around the town. They also 
dug the channel for the Con- 
solidated Lumber Company, 
up to their plant, and are en- 
gaged in making the fill of 
what is known as the Hunt- 
ington Concession, the first 
municipal owned dock, for 
the city of Los Angeles. It 
will be known as Municipal 
Dock, No. 1. 

These works have an im- 
portant part in the making 
of Los Angeles Harbor, and 
Mr. Guthridge's work will 
figure quite as importantly 
as that of the engineers. 

This is the greatest pub- 
lic enterprise ever under- 
taken by the city of Los An- 
geles, and upon its comple- 
tion will have cost many mil- 
lions of dollars. Los An- 
geles, as the largest city of 
Southern California, is ex- 
pected to reap great benefits 
through the building of the 
Panama Canal and although 
the city proper lies several 
miles inland from the ocean 
the splendid harbor, in the 
building of which Mr. Guth- 
ridge has been an important 
factor, will place her among 

the most important Pacific Coast ports of entry. 
Mr. Guthridge is one of the most substantial 
business men of the Southwest and devotes the 
greater part of his time to his work, but he is also 
a man of great public spirit. He is a mem- 
ber of the important "Committee on Commerce" 
of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and has 
rendered valuable assistance in all matters pertain- 
ing to the commercial expansion of the city. 

He is a Republican and has served his party in 
various capacities, but never has been a candidate 
or seeker for any public office. He has, however, 
held committee appointments and served as dele- 
gate to various county conventions. 

During his residence in Ohio Mr. Guthridge 
served for three years as a member of the Third 
Regiment, Ohio National Guard, and retired with 
the rank of sergeant. His company was one of 
those called years ago to quell a riot in Cincinnati. 
Mr. Guthridge also is prominent in fraternal 
circles, being a member of Marathon Lodge No. 
182, Knights of Pythias, the Royal Arcanum, and 
Al Borak Temple No. 75, D. O. K. K. He first 
became affiliated with the Knights of Pythias at 
Columbus, Ohio, being initiated on the same even- 
ing as the late President William McKinley, who 
was at that time Governor of Ohio. 



ney and Publicist, San Fran- 
cisco, California, was born in 
San Francisco in 1872, the 
son of James Denman and 
Helen V. (Jordan) Denman. His father was 
principal of the first school in San Francisco 
under the State system and retired fifty-one 
years later as the president of the Board of 
Education. He is thor- 
oughly American, his 
first American ancestor 
having arrived in 1631. 

He was married in 
San Francisco, April 4, 
1905, to Leslie Van Ness, 
daughter of the well- 
known lawyer Thomas 
C. Van Ness. 

From 1881 to 1885 
Mr. Denman attended 
the Clement Grammar 
School ; from 1885 to 1886 
the old Lincoln Gram- 
mar, and was graduated 
from Lowell High in 
1889. Prior to entering 
the University of Califor- 
nia in 1890, he punched 
cattle in Nevada for a 
year, an experience that 
stood him in good stead 
years later at the time of 
the great fire in San 
Francisco, when he im- 
pressed over a hundred 
teams, sometimes at the 
point of the pistol, and had food supplies 
moving from the transport dock through the 
cinders to the refugee camps while the city 
was yet burning. 

After his graduation from the Univer- 
sity, in 1894, he took one year in the 
Hastings College of the Law, then en- 
tered the Harvard Law School and was 
graduated therefrom in 1897 with the degree 
of LL. B. Although taking an active part in 
both athletic and military life at the Univer- 
sity, he became a member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa, the honor society. Returning to 
California, he was admitted to the State Bar 
in 1898, and immediately began active prac- 

Mr. Denman's professional experience 
has been of a widely diversified nature, both 
in the Federal and in the State courts, and 
marked by a number of important cases, 
especially in maritime law. The litigation 


growing out of the sinking of the Rio de Ja- 
neiro, the explosion of the Progreso, the col- 
lision of the Columbia and San Pedro, as well 
as other causes he argued in the Admiralty 
courts, aroused interest both in the profes- 
sion and in the community at large. From 
1902 to 1906 Mr. Denman was lecturer and 
assistant professor of law in the Hastings 
College and the University of California. 

In 1911 he formed a 
partnership with George 
Stanley Arnold under the 
name of Denman & Ar- 
nold, the firm conducting 
a general practice, with 
offices in the Merchants' 
Exchange building in San 
Francisco. He became a 
member of the non-parti- 
san party when yet in col- 
lege. His faith in the 
ultimate removal of the 
national parties from mu- 
nicipal elections was jus- 
tified nearly twenty years 
later by the acceptance 
by San Francisco of the 
charter amendment 
drafted by him prohibit- 
ing party nominations 
and party designations 
on the ballot. 

In 1908 the Mayor ap- 
pointed him chairman of 
a committee of public cit- 
izens to report on the 
causes of municipal cor- 
ruption in San Francisco, and as chairman 
he drafted the report subsequently known 
by his name. Mr. Denman has also been 
very active in the work of the Bar As- 
sociation and organized the State-wide 
movement for the non-partisan election of 
judges. He campaigned, however, in opposi- 
tion to the recall of judges at popular elec- 
tions, advocating simplified procedure before 
the Legislature. He defended the constitu- 
tionality of the eight-hour law for women, 
his opposition to the attempt by the Ameri- 
can Protective Association to inject re- 
ligion into politics, his drafting of the major- 
ity election law now in force in San Fran- 
cisco and his organization of the campaign 
for its passage. 

He is a member of the University, the Pa- 
cific-Union, the Unitarian, the Common- 
wealth and the Sierra clubs, as well as the 
Bar Association. 


torney - at - Law, Salt Lake 
City, Utah, was born on a 
farm near Postville, Iowa, Oc- 
tober 25, 1860, the son of Jos- 
eph Booth and Caroline (Bishop) Booth. He 
is descended from the ancient Booth family 
of Lancashire and Yorkshire, England. Mr. 
Booth was twice married, his first wife being 
Carrie M. Robinson, 
whom he married August 
26, 1886, and who was 
claimed by death in De- 
cember of the following 
year. One child, Viola 
Katherine, was born to 
them. On May 29, 1889, 
Mr. Booth married Lil- 
lian B. Redhead, at Post- 
ville, and of this union 
there are two children, 
Mrs. C. E. W. Bowers 
and Irma A. Booth. 

Mr. Booth was educa- 
ted in the public schools 
of Iowa and also studied 
under private tutors. He 
read law with the Hon. 
Frank Shinn of Carson, 
Iowa, and was admitted 
to practice in the Su- 
preme Court of that State 
in 1885. After admission 


to the bar he purchased a half interest in the 
Carson Critic and was the editor and man- 
ager of it from 1885 to 1887, when he formed 
a law partnership with Mr. Shinn, withdraw- 
ing in 1888 to go to Utah. He was admitted 
to practice by the Supreme Court of Utah in 
1889 and has practiced there continually 
since. He formed a partnership with John 
G. Gray and later E. O. Lee entered the firm, 
which was known as Booth, Lee & Gray. In 
1898 Mr. Gray went to Seattle and Judge 
M. L. Ritchie, now of the Utah State District 
Court, entered the firm, but retired from it 
in 1907, when he was re-elected to the bench, 
and later State Senator Carl A. Badger took 
his place in the firm. Other partners were 
taken in and the firm is now known as Booth, 
Lee, Badger, Rich & Parke. Messrs. Booth 
and Lee have been in partnership longer than 
any other law firm in Utah. Mr. Booth has 

held office frequently, as follows: Elected 
to upper House of last Territorial Legisla- 
ture of Utah, serving in 1894; elected to first 
State Senate of Utah, 1896; member Execu- 
tive Committee Republican party in Utah, 
1904; appointed by President Roosevelt 
U. S. Attorney for Utah, 1906; reappointed 
by President Taft June 27, 1910, and is now 
serving in that capacity; appointed Judge Ad- 
vocate General for Utah 
by Governor Spry in 
January, 1909, and is a 
Colonel on the Governor's 

As United States At- 
torney Mr. Booth was as- 
sociated with Hon. Fred 
A. Maynard in the coal 
land fraud cases in Utah, 
which resulted in a vic- 
tory for the Government, 
and was also associated 
with Messrs. Kellogg and 
Severance in the merger 
suit brought by the Unit- 
ed States against the 
Union Pacific, Oregon 
Short Line, Southern Pa- 
cific and other railroads 
to dissolve an unlawful 
merger: The case is pend- 
ing on appeal in the Su- 
preme Court of the Unit- 
ed States. Both these cases are among the 
most notable actions in which the Govern- 
ment has sought to protect its lands and to 
force coroporations to operate in accordance 
with the laws of the United States. 

In 1905 Mr. Booth was one of the incor- 
porators and president of the Intermountain 
Republican Printing Company, publishers of 
the Intermountain Republican, which was 
consolidated in 1909 with the Salt Lake Her- 
ald and is now known as the Herald- 

Mr. Booth is the inventor and patentee of 
the "claraphone," used on commercial phono- 
graphs and leased to the Columbia Phono- 
graph Company. He has also invented im- 
provements for telephone receivers. 

He is a member of the Commercial Club 
of Salt Lake City and has been in Wasatch 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M., since 1892. 








COTT, JOSEPH, Attorney at Law, 
Los Angeles, California, was born 
at Penrith, County of Cumberland, 
England, July 16, 1867. His father 
was Joseph Scott, of Scotch bor- 
der stock, and his mother, Mary 
(Donnelly) Scott, was a native of Wexford, Ireland. 
On June 6, 1898, he married Bertha Roth at Los 
Angeles, California. To them were born eight chil- 
dren: Joseph, Jr., Mary, Alfonso, George, Cuthbert, 
John Patrick, Helen, and Josephine. 

Mr. Scott received his first education in his na- 
tive country, where he attended Ushaw College, 
Durham, from 1880 until 1888. He matriculated 
with honors at London University in 1887, being the 
gold medalist of his class. At St. Bonaventure's 
College, Allegany, N. Y., he received the degree of 
A. M. in 1893, and the honorary degree of Ph. D. at 
Santa Clara College, Santa Clara, California, in 1907. 
Mr. Scott came to America from England in 
1889, and entered into journalistic work in New 
York City. In this he had little remuneration and 
about that period he had the hardest struggles of 
his life. He was unused to manual work, but dur- 
ing his financial difficulty he took employment of 
various kinds, in some cases consisting of the 
hardest kinds of physical labor. In 1890, St. Bona- 
venture's College, Alleghany, N. Y., accepted his 
application for the position of Senior Professor of 
Rhetoric and English Literature. He held this po- 
sition until 1893, when he resigned and removed to 
Los Angeles, where he took up the study of law. 
He was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of California in April, 1894, and subsequently in 
the Supreme Court of the United States, and has 
recently been admitted to the Supreme Court of 
Arizona, owing to the large litigation requiring his 
attention in Arizona. 

His varied attainments have given him a re- 
markable professional career. Gifted with a force- 
ful and impressive delivery frank and outspoken 
to a fault he has the happy faculty of impressing 
both court and jury with the sincerity of his pur- 

The following is a pen picture of Mr. Scott, as 
seen by Mr. H. D. Wheeler, a writer of San Fran- 
cisco, California: 

"He's the two-fistedest, fightin'st Irishman that 
ever stepped as a lawyer into a California court. 

"Give a man an average mental equipment and 
a superb physical make-up; put him through a 
course of book-learning, hod-carrying, teaching, law- 
practicing and prominent citizening among the real 
elite of a big city and when you shoot him out at 
the other end, it's a bet that you'll find 'something 

"Ever ready to join an issue, he strikes boldly, 
fearlessly, confidently his weapon the passionate, 
compelling eloquence that God gave the Irish." 

In the limited time left from his busy life as a 
lawyer, he has found time to engage himself in 

civic affairs in which he has become a leading fac- 
tor, especially in matters educational, and thus 
furthering the interest and growth of Los Angeles 
and Southern California. His energy and enthusi- 
asm in this line won for him from President Taft the 
compliment of being "California's greatest booster." 
He is therefore greatly in demand on numerous 
public occasions throughout the State and nation 
and has frequently been called upon, by reason of 
his felicity of speech, to represent the city of Los 
Angeles upon social and civic occasions. He was 
the principal speaker in behalf of the city of Los 
Angeles at the banquet given upon the visit of 
President Taft to Los Angeles in 1908, and presided 
as toastmaster at the banquet in honor of the 
Admirals and officers of the battleship fleet of the 
United States Navy on its memorable trip around 
the world in 1908. 

Mr. Scott is now and has been for the last six 
years one of the Directors of the Los Angeles Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and during his term as President 
of the Chamber of Commerce in 1910, he was one of 
the representatives of the California delegation 
sent to Washington to fight for the World's Exposi- 
tion to be held at San Francisco, and his successful 
work in that behalf won praise on every hand for 
which he was honored by being elected honorary 
Vice President of the Panama-Pacific International 
Exposition Company. He is a well-known figure 
throughout the State of California, stimulating as- 
semblies by his vigorous speeches to boost for Cali- 
fornia and extolling the boundless resources of the 

In the last eight years he has been a member of 
the non-partisan Board of Education of the city of 
Los Angeles, and has served for five years as its 
President. He has been one of the mainstays of 
the School Department in divorcing it from politics 
and in securing efficiency and merit alone as the 
only tests for the teachers. 

His work in behalf of the teaching force of the 
city of Los Angeles in insisting upon recognition 
of their right to adequate remuneration attracted 
the attention of the National Educational Associa- 
tion in consequence of which he was invited to 
address them upon that subject in 1911, which he 
did with characteristic force and earnestness so as 
to compel attention to the subject, the result being 
that a committee was appointed to determine the 
best ways and means of promoting the purposes 
set forth in his address. 

He is Vice President of the Southwest Museum, 
and also a member of the Executive Committee of 
the Southwest Society, and the Archaeological In- 
stitute of America. He is a member of the Los An- 
geles Bar Association, California State Bar Associa- 
tion, and the American Bar Association. 

His club affiliations are the California, the Un- 
ion League, the Sunset, the Newman, the Los An- 
geles Athletic, and the Celtic Clubs; honorary mem- 
ber, City Teachers' Club. 




chant, Los Angeles, California, 
was born on a farm in Unity, 
Me., in 1862. His father was 
Gustavus A. Hunt and his mother 
Ellen Susan (Ayer) Hunt. He 
married Miss Mariam Eskridge, March 23, 1911, at 
Los Angeles. 

Mr. Hunt received his education in the public 
schools of his native State, and left home at the 
age of 18, and went into a wholesale dry goods 
house in Portland, Maine. He remained with this 
company fo r five years, four years of which he 
was on the road as traveling salesman. After 
that he went to Boston and traveled for another 
dry goods house for four years more. 

At the age of 26 he went to Los Angeles, Cal., 
and engaged in the wholesale paper business, as 
manager of a branch house of the Pacific Roll 
Paper Company of San Francisco. After about 
one year he bought out the stock of the Pacific 
Roll Paper Company and engaged in the paper 
business on his own account. 

Mr. Hunt is president and general manager 
of the Pioneer Paper Company, but devotes most 
of his time to the oil refining and roofing paper 
manufacturing business, which is run in connec- 
tion with the paper company. 

He is one of the most progressive men of the 
city of Los Angeles, and the industry of which 
he is the head is one of great commercial im- 
portance. He has always taken part in any move- 
ment having for its object the betterment of his 
adopted city, and is one of the great Southwestern 
boomers. He is also interested in developing a 
large lemon and orange ranch at Upland, Cal., and 
owns much property. 

He is prominent in social circles in the city, 
holding memberships in the California Club, Jona- 
than Club and the Los Angeles Country Club. 


ing, Los Angeles, California, was 
born at El Paso, Woodford County, 
Illinois, November 22, 1868, the 
son of Samuel Talmadge Rogers 
and Mary Virginia (Pickrell) 
Rogers. He married Mabel Josephine Clement, 
June 28, 1895, at Willoughby, Ohio. 

He attended the public schools of El Paso, Illi- 
nois, and later the high schools of the same town. 
Then he went to Eureka College, Eureka, Illinois, 
and completed his course there. To finish his edu- 
cation he went abroad, attending the Teichmann- 
ische Institute at Leipsic, Germany, for two years. 
Mr. Rogers returned to America in 1891. On 
March 28th of the same year he went to Pasadena. 
He started to work for the National Bank of Cali- 
fornia at Los Angeles, October 11, 1891. Two 
months later he was advanced to the receiving 
tellership; four years later he was made paying 
teller. January 1, 1900, he was made assistant 
cashier. Went to the First National Bank of 
Pasadena, February, 1905. 

As cashier, he remained with that institution 
two years, and then returned to the National Bank 
of California, at Los Angeles, as cashier, in Janu- 
ary, 1907. He was elected vice president of the 
institution the same year. 

His business interests have grown, and he is 
now an investor in various other enterprises and 

Mr. Rogers is a stockholder and director in the 
bank with which he has been identified so many 
years, and also a stockholder and director of the 
First National Bank of Pasadena and the Pasadena 
Savings & Trust Co. 

He is a member of the California Club, Los 
Angeles; Los Angeles Country Club, Crags Country 
Club and University Club, of Los Angeles, and the 
Valley Hunt Club of Pasadena. 




Los Angeles, California, was 
born at Mantorville, Minnesota, 
January 21, 1879. His father was 
William F. Hillman and his 
mother was Emma Palmer. At 
Los Angeles, October 22, 1902, he married Grace 

Mr. Hillman came to Los Angeles from his na- 
tive state in January, 1888, attending the gram- 
mar school, and later graduating from the high 
school in 1899. He was first employed by the De- 
partment of Electricity of Los Angeles, until 1900, 
when he accepted the position of messenger and 
clearing house clerk in the Los Angeles National 
Bank, which position with subsequent promotions 
he held until 1902. He then accepted the position 
of note teller with the German-American Savings 
Bank, which he held for a year, and in 1903 was 
made paying teller in the Southwestern National 
Bank of Los Angeles. 

In 1904, in connection with Charles E. Anthony 
and his son, Earle C. Anthony, Mr. Hillman in- 
corporated the Western Motor Car Company, and 
engaged actively in the automobile business until 
December, 1904. The banking business had taken 
great hold on Mr. Hillman, and in January, 1905, 
he again entered the employ of tne German-Amer- 
ican Savings Bank, and later in the same year 
was elected assistant cashier. In 1909 he was 
elected secretary of this bank, and now holds the 
dual position of secretary and assistant cashier. 
Mr. Hillman was president of the Automobile Club 
of Southern California during the year 1910. 

Mr. Hillman is well known in financial circles 
and is president of the Crystal Salt Company. He 
is a member of the California, Union League and 
City Clubs of Los Angeles and the San Gabriel 
Valley Country Club. He is also a member of the 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. 


dent Merchants' Bank and Trust 
Company, Los Angeles, was born 
at San Francisco, December 22, 
1859. His father was John Jones, 
a pioneer merchant, who went to 
Australia from England, and from Australia came 
to California with a shipload of mercnandise, land- 
ing at Monterey in 1850. His mother was Doria 
Deighton-Jones. On February 11, 1885, he married 
Blanche E. McDonald, at Los Angeles. They have 
three children, Deighton G. McD., Mark McD., 
and Francis M. McD. 

Mr. Jones attended the old Los Angeles High 
school, and later entered St. Augustine's College, 
Benicia, Cal., graduating in 1879. 

After his graduation he went to Los Angeles 
to manage the estate of his mother. After her 
death (March, 1908) he was appointed adminis- 

In 1889 Mr. Jones was elected to the office of 
county treasurer of Los Angeles County, and 
served until 1893. He was re-elected to the office, 
the term expiring January, 1907. He has the dis- 
tinction of being the only incumbent renominated 
for any county office up to that date. In 1906 he 
was the chief organizer of the Inglewood Park 
Cemetery Association, and was elected and still 
is its president and treasurer. In 1908 he was 
elected to and still retains the presidency of the 
Merchants' Bank and Trust Company, and is to- 
day its active head. He also is president of the 
Merchants' Building Company. 

He is now centering all the estate and his per- 
sonal interests at Los Angeles. 

He is a member of Ramona Parlor, Native 
Sons of the Golden West; Knights Templar, L. A. 
Commandery, No. 9; Signet Chapter, Southern 
California Blue Lodge, and Al Malaikah Temple. 
Mystic Shrine. 



INGTON, Capitalist, Com- 
mission and Grain Merchant, 
San Francisco, Cal., was born 
at Washington, Maine, on 
March 27, 1830. His paternal ancestor, John 
McNear, came from the north of Scotland 
about the year 1725. He settled in the Pro- 
vince of Maine, where he became prominent 
in the Indian wars and 
was noted for his brav- 
ery during the trouble- 
some Colonial times. 

George W. McNear 
was married in 1859 to 
Amanda Marie Church, 
daughter of Reverend Al- 
bert Church of Bangor, 
Maine. There are four 
sons and two daughters. 
The sons are all substan- 
tial business men ; the 
oldest son, George W. 
McNear, Jr., was many 
years manager for his 
father's interests at Liv- 
erpool, England, and rep- 
resented the firm on the 

Mr. McNear received 
his education in his na- 
tive State, and he early 
showed a great profi- 
ciency in mathematics 
and the study of naviga- 
tion, the most distin- 
guished calling of that 
period. He came from a hardy race of sea- 
going men and his attention naturally turned 
to that line. 

At the age of fifteen he went to sea, and 
after making several voyages in foreign lands 
and along the Atlantic coast, he landed in 
New Orleans in February, 1854, at the age of 
seventeen. Regardless of his youth he was 
at once given command of a schooner plying 
on the waters of Mississippi Sound and Lake 
Pont Chartrain. 

In 1856, at the age of nineteen, he became 
a part owner and the master of a steamboat 
plying the same waters, which he managed 
successfully until 1860. He then decided to 
dispose of his interest in the South and go to 

He left New Orleans in June, 1860, to 
visit the home of his father in Maine, prepar- 
atory to his western trip, where he remained 
a few weeks, and then, in July, he started 


from New York for California, via the Isth- 
mus of Panama. After the usual adventures 
of the trip, he arrived in San Francisco on 
August 2, 1860, and joined his brother in 
Petaluma. The brothers soon formed the 
partnership of McNear & Brother, commis- 
sion and grain merchants. 

In March, 1861, the firm opened a branch 
of the business in San Francisco, and in 1867 
they sent their first ship- 
load of wheat to Europe. 
He withdrew from part- 
nership with his brother 
in 1874 and established 
the house of George W. 
McNear, now well known 
all over the world. He 
commenced shipping 
grain to Europe on an ex- 
tensive scale, and has 
continued to be the lead- 
ing shipper of the Pacific 

Later, Mr. McNear 
concentrated his shipping 
facilities at Port Costa, 
building warehouses and 
docks where he could 
load ten deep water ships 
at a time. In 1894 he ac- 
quired the flour mills and 
warehouses of Starr & 
Co., located at Wheat- 
port and Vallejo, Cal., the 
largest establishments of 
their kind on the Pacific 
Coast, adding this great 
milling business to his other large interests. 
He also owned some twenty-five warehouses 
in the interior of the State. These, combined 
with his Port Costa, Wheatport and Vallejo 
warehouses aggregate a storage capacity of 
more than 8,000,000 bushels of grain. 

During his busy life Mr. McNear has 
found time to turn his attention most suc- 
cessfully to other important interests. He 
was President of and largely instrumental in 
building the first electric street railroad sys- 
tem in Oakland, Cal., and was Pres. of the 
First National Bank of Oakland. His under- 
takings are managed with cool judgment, de- 
termination and energy, and these traits, 
combined with constant application to busi- 
ness, have won him his wonderful and most 
substantial success. He is a member of the 
best clubs of the Coast and has been one of 
the staunchest friends of San Francisco, al- 
ways active in the best public movements. 



Mining and Banking, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, was born at 
Riceburg, Province of Que- 
bec, April 6, 1849, the son of 
Martin Rice and Permilla (Vincent) Rice. 
He married Mary Belle Browne, at Dun- 
ham, Quebec, October 20, 1876, and they 
have two children (adopted), Isabella and 
Gordon Rice. 

Mr. Rice received his 
education in Stanbridge 
Academy, Stanbridge 
East, in Quebec, but at 
the age of sixteen years 
gave up his studies. He 
went immediately to 
Grand Haven, Michigan, 
and spent eight years in 
that region, the last four 
of which he was in charge 
of the Ottawa Iron 
Works at Ferrysburg, 
near Grand Haven. 

At the age of twenty- 
four Mr. Rice returned to 
his native town and there 
formed a partnership 
with his younger brother 
under the firm name of 
Rice Brothers. They 
conducted a foundry, ma- 
chine shops, grist and 
sawmills and were among 
the most successful 
young men in the busi- 
ness life of Quebec. Mr. 
Rice had studied, while in Michigan, to com- 
plete the education he interrupted in his 
youth, and by the time he took charge of 
his own business was a qualified mechanical 
engineer. ' 

Although he made a success of his first 
independent venture, Mr. Rice was not sat- 
isfied, but sought larger fields, and in 1887, 
after approximately fifteen years in business, 
sold out his interests and headed for the 
mining territory of Utah. 

Fortified with a full knowledge of me- 
chanics and a wide business experience, he 
arrived in Park City, April 2, 1887, and it 
was not long before he was an active figure 
in the mining industry there. He worked 
for one year in the office of the Anchor Min- 
ing Company, but at the end of that period 
he undertook the management of mining 
properties. At different times he was in 
charge of the Anchor, Woodside and other 


companies ; also he served as manager of the 
Union Concentrating Company, the Park 
City Water Works Company and the Park 
City Electric Company. In all of these en- 
terprises Mr. Rice's progressive methods 
were a part of their success. 

In time Mr. Rice became one of the big 
miners in Park City, and was one of the 
original incorporators of the Silver King 
Mining Company, own- 
ers of the most famous 
silver property ever dis- 
covered in the world. He 
is at the present time a 
director of the Silver 
King Coalition Mining 
Company, successor of 
the original corporation. 
About twelve years 
ago Mr. Rice moved to 
Salt Lake. He was en- 
gaged in mining in Ne- 
vada, Idaho and Colorado 
prior to 1909, but at that 
time gave up active 
work, though still retain- 
ing his interests in those 
three States. He is now 
giving practically all of 
his time to banking and 
commercial pursuits in 
Salt 'Lake. 

His affiliations at the 
present time, in addition 
to the Silver King Coali- 
tion, include : First Na- 
tional Bank, Ely, Ne- 
vada, President and Director; First Na- 
tional Bank, Park City, Director ; National 
Copper Bank, Salt Lake, Vice President 
and Director; Castle Valley Railroad Com- 
pany, President and Director; Keith- 
O'Brien, mercantile, Pres. and Director; 
Reno Grocery Co., Pres. and Director; Ne- 
vada Douglas Copper Co., Treas. and Direc- 
tor; Continental Life Ins. & Investment Co., 
Sec. and Direc. ; Castle Valley Coal Co. ; 
Direc. ; Nevada Copper Belt R. R., Direc. 

Mr. Rice is among the most enthusias- 
tic upbuilders of Salt Lake. He also takes 
. a keen personal interest in the Y. M. C. A. 
and for four years was President of the Salt 
Lake Branch. He resigned a year ago, after 
becoming one of the largest contributors to 
a fund "of $150,000 to retire mortgages and 
other indebtedness on the property. 

His clubs are the Alta, Commercial, Ca- 
nadian and Country, of Salt Lake City. 



HAMILTON, Geologist and Min- 
ing Engineer, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in New York 
City, April 30, If 61, the son of 
Hamilton Wilcox Merrill and 
Louisa (Kauffman) Merrill. The family is descend- 
ed from Nathaniel Merrill, who emigrated from 
Suffolk County, England, and settled in Newbury, 
Massachusetts, in 1635. A son of Nathaniel, John 
Merrill, migrated to Hart- 
ford County, Connecticut, 
and John's great grandson, 
Jared Merrill, who lived at 
Simsbury, married Abigail 
Phelps, a descendant of Wil- 
liam Phelps, whose family 
has been identified with the 
Farmington River Valley. 
Shortly after the Revolu- 
tionary War Jared migrated 
to Whitest.own, Oneida Coun- 
ty, New York, and later to 
Byron, G e n e s e e County, 
where Hamilton Wilcox was 
born in 1814. He graduated 
with honor at the United 
States Military Academy, 
West Point, in 1838, and 
served in the Florida and 
Mexican wars, successively 
as Second and First Lieuten- 
ant and Captain in the Sec- 
ond Regiment of United 
States Dragoons. In the War 
with Mexico he was brevetted 
Major for gallantry at the 
battle of El Molino del Rey. 
Major Merrill was after- 
wards stationed at various 

frontier posts in Texas and in the Indian Territory, 
and in 1856 retired from the army to practice real 
estate law in New York City. 

Frederick married Winifred Edgerton in New 
York City, September 1, 1887, and they are the 
parents of four children, Louise, Hamilton, Wini- 
fred and Edgertou. 

Dr. Merrill received splendid educational train 
ing in his youth, having been a pupil in private 
schools and a student at Charlier Institute, New 
York City, from 1876 to 1879, after which he en 
tered Columbia College School of Arts, where he 
studied from 1880 to 1883. In the latter year he 
entered the Columbia School of Mines, and was 
graduated in 1885 with the degree of Ph. B. Five 
years later his college conferred upon him the 
degree of Ph. D. 

For some years after his graduation (1886-1890) 
Dr. Merrill was Fellow in Geology at Columbia 
College, and during the same period was an As- 
sistant in the Geological Survey of the State of 
New Jersey. His successful work in this field 
caused him to be appointed Assistant State Geolo- 
gist of New York, a position he held from 1890 to 
1893, while at the same time he was Assistant 
Director of the New York State Museum. In 1894 


he was appointed Director of the Museum and held 
this position for ten years. He also served from 
1899 to 1904 as State Geologist of New York. 

While in the service of his State Dr. Merrill 
was honored on several occasions by being selected 
to represent it at various expositions. In 1893 he 
was Director of the Scientific Exhibit of the State 
of New York at the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion, Chicago, and occupied the same position at the 
Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo in 1901. In 
1904 he was Director oi' the 
Mining Exhibit of New York 
State at the Louisiana Pur- 
chase Exposition, St. Louis, 
and, upon the conclusion of 
his duties in this connection, 
resigned from the State serv- 
ice to devote himself to the 
private practice of his pro- 

From 1904 to date Dr. 
Merrill has been in practice 
as Consulting Geologist and 
Mining Engineer, and, as 
such, occupies a leading po- 
sition among the experts of 
his profession. From 1904 
to 1906, he had offices in 
New York City and, in the 
latter year, moved to No- 
gales, Arizona, where he 
maintained headquarters for 
about four years, conducting 
mining operations in the 
State of Sonora, Mexico, and 
making mine examinations in 
the adjacent regions. In 1910 
he left Nogales and opened 
offices in Los Angeles, where 
he has remained. 

Since locating in the Southwest Dr. Merrill has 
been engaged in important mining and geological 
work in the copper, silver and gold deposits of Ari- 
zona, California and Nevada and of Siualoa, Chihua- 
hua and Sonora, Mexico, and especially in the dry 
placers of the latter State. Ho has t.lso examined 
many oil properties in California, Wyoming and 
elsewhere. Aside from his active professional 
work, Dr. Merrill has been a liberal contributor 
to the literature of his profession. His writings 
include numerous reports as State Geologist of New 
York and Director of the New York State Museum, 
and many contributions to scientific periodicals. 
He has also prepared and published several geo- 
logic maps of New York and contributed the geol- 
ogy of the crystalline rocks to the New York City 
Folio of the United States Geological Survey. He 
is a Fellow of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, Geological Society of 
America, and New York Academy of Sciences; 
member, American Institute of Mining Engineers; 
Mining and Metallurgical Society of America, and 
New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

He is also a member of the Military Order of 
Foreign Wars; of the University Club of New York 
City, and of the Sierra Madre Club of Los Angeles. 



Banker and Mayor of Phoenix, 
Arizona, was born in Osceola, 
Iowa, March 10, 1863, the son of 
Col. William Christy and Carrie 
(Bennett) Christy. He married 
Mary Emma Culver at Phoenix, December 23, 1897, 
and to them there have been born four beautiful 
girls, Mary, Doris, Margaret and Katherine Christy. 
Mr. Christy is of Scotch descent, his great-grand- 
father on the paternal side, 
the first of the family in 
America, having come over 
here by way of Ireland. His 
maternal ancestors, however, 
have been in the United 
States since pre-Revolution- 
ary times, various members 
having served in the War for 
Independence. Mr. Christy's 
father was one of the leading 
financiers of Phoenix when 
he died, but in his earlier 
days had been a prominent 
figure in the affairs of Iowa. 
He served as Lieutenant Col- 
onel of an Iowa regiment 
during the Civil War and 
later was elected to the of- 
fice of State Treasurer. 

Mr. Christy, who is re- 
garded as one of the most 
progressive men of Phoenix, 
received his preliminary ed- 
ucation in the public schools 
of Des Moines, Iowa, being 
graduated from the High 
School there in the class of 
1883. After a lapse of sev- 
eral years, he entered the 
University of Southern Cali- 
fornia and was graduated in 
1890 with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Science. 

Practically ever since he 


left college Mr. Christy has been in the banking 
business and for twenty years has been with one 
institution the Valley Bank of Phoenix, recognized 
as the most substantial institution in Arizona. He 
entered the employ of the bank in 1892 as runner 
and worked his way up through the various de- 
partments, until, at the end of eleven years, he 
had held every office in the place with the excep- 
tion of Cashier and President. Upon the death, 
in 1903, of his father, who was President, Mr. 
Christy succeeded to the office of Cashier, and he 
has held it from that time down to date. In this 
capacity he has had practical charge of the bank 
for several years and by his own personal popu- 
larity has added considerable to the bank's prestige. 
Mr. Christy is a Progressive Republican in his 
political tendencies and, with his brother, Captain 
Christy, who served in the volunteer army during 
the Spanish-American war, is among the strongest 
adherents of Colonel Roosevelt in the Southwest. 
Politics, however, have been more or less incidental 
in Mr. Christy's affairs and the office of Mayor is 
the only one he ever sought or accepted. Being an 
enthusiastic worker for the growth and advance- 
ment of Phoenix, he has, during his administration, 
advocated and put into operation numerous reforms 
and civic improvements tending to place the city 

among the leading municipalities of the Southwest. 
For instance, when Mr. Christy was elected to 
office in May, 1909, there was not a foot of paved 
street in the city, while in 1912 there is more than 
two miles of asphalt paving in the central section 
and plans under way for more. Another issue 
which he has advocated and will bring to success- 
ful conclusion is that providing a public park and 
playground system for the city. 

Early in his term, Mr. Christy brought about the 
municipal ownership of the 
Phoenix sewage system. 
When he assumed the man 
agement of the city's affairs 
its sewage system was a 
small affair, privately owned, 
and he brought about a bond 
issue of $400,000 for the pur- 
chase and extension of it, 
thus putting the sanitary 
condition of the city on a 
higher plane than had ever 
been known. 

Mayor Christy has also 
been active against gambling 
and other forms of vice and, 
with the aid of the Council, 
has practically eliminated 
the objectionable interests 
from the city. Among other 
things, he caused the num- 
ber of saloons to be limited 
to twenty and imposed ether 
regulations which make 
Phoenix one of the best con- 
ducted municipalities, in this 
respect, in the United States. 
In 1911 Mayor Christy ap- 
pointed a Citizens' Commit- 
tee of thirty-two members to 
study the commission form 
of government and report on 
a plan for eharter levision, 
whereby the conduct of 
city affairs would be placed 
on a more economical basis than under the couu- 
cilmanic plan. The commission reported in favor 
of the change and the voters, at a special election, 
held June 6, 1912, ratified their recommendation 
and named an official Charter Commission, to en- 
gage in the work of revising the charter. 

These are only a few of the works accomplished 
by Mr. Christy during the first three years of his 
administration, but they serve to show the sin- 
cerity of purpose with which he has governed the 

In addition to his banking interests and his re- 
form work, Mr. Christy has other business interests 
which place him among the most influential men 
in the city's affairs. He is a Director in several cor- 
porations, the principal ones being the Arizona Fire 
Insurance Company, of which he is Treasurer and 
Director, and the Phoenix Title and Trust Com- 
pany, wherein he is a Director. 

He is a strong supporter of the Young Men : s 
Christian Association and aided in raising a fund 
in excess of $100,000, which was used in the erec- 
tion of a handsome building in Phoenix. 

Mr. Christy is prominent in Masonic circles, 
being a member of the Mystic Shrine and Knights 
Templar. He also belongs to the Sigma Chi fra- 






erator, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Princeton, Missouri, 
October 18, 1859, the son of Wil- 
liam Lindsay and Nancy (Boat- 
man) Lindsay. He married Eva 
R. Robson at Newport, Kentucky, in the year 1881, 
and to them there were born two children, Roberta 
and Gladys Lindsay. 

Mr. Lindsay, who is recognized as one of the 
real developers of natural resources in the South- 
west, has spent the greater part of his life west 
of the Rocky Mountains. When he was two years 
old (1861) he was taken by his parents across the 
plains to California, the family locating in Sonoma 
County, the center of a great deciduous fruit-grow- 
ing country. He spent his early childhood there, 
but later in his boyhood lived in Texas, Kansas, 
Illinois and other parts of the Middle West. He 
received his education principally through private 
teachers and was graduated from the High School 
at Humboldt, Kansas, in the year 1877, supplement- 
ing this with a business course in a college at 
Jacksonville, Illinois. He also received higher 
instruction from Professor Bickler, a noted edu- 
cator of Austin, Texas. 

When he was eighteen years of age, Mr. Lind- 
say embarked in the grain and cattle business in 
Southeastern Texas and after a few years, moved 
to Kansas, where he engaged in the cattle and flour 
milling business. The cattle in that day were 
driven over the trails from Texas through the In- 
dian Territory to Kansas and the Northwestern 
States, and Mr. Lindsay was one of the successful 
cattlemen of his section. He had a well-equipped 
and prosperous- flour mill, but in 1889 it was de- 
stroyed by fire, and instead of rebuilding, he went 
to Kansas City, Missouri, not far from his birth- 
place, and engaged in the grain brokerage busi- 
ness. He continued in that for about three years, 
but at the end of that period closed his offices and 
moved to Los Angeles. 

For the first year after his return to California, 
Mr. Lindsay was concerned in various enterprises, 
but in 1893 transferred his headquarters to No- 
gales, Arizona, on the International border between 
the United States and Mexico, and took up mining. 
This was the beginning of a new phase of his 
career, one in which he met with numerous trials, 
but through determination and a natural ability, 
he overcame his difficulties. His first mining ven- 
ture was the Mexicana Mine, in the wonderfully 
rich State of Sonora, Mexico, and later he took 
charge of the Santa Rosa Lea Mine as Superin- 
tendent. His success in the handling of these prop- 
erties quickly placed Mr. Lindsay among the lead- 
ers of the mining industry in the Southwest and 
his work since that time, involving the ownership 
and management of numerous important projects, 
has been attended almost invariably with success. 
In 1895, Mr. Lindsay turned his attention to the 
centuries-old copper mines of Cananea, Mexico, and 
he located and opened for development what has 
since proved to be one of the greatest groups in 
the history of copper. These mines were worked by 
the early Spanish invaders, but for many years they 
had resisted the efforts of the best mining experts 

to turn them into paying property. Mr. Lindsay 
led the way in the development of these mines, 
which were later divided into sections and worked 
with great success by various interests. He had a 
number of rich claims and continued as one of the 
principal factors in the operation of the district 
until 1907, when he sold the last of his mines, the 
Cananea Central, to the Cole-Ryan syndicate of 
New York. This property is now known as the 
Greene-Cananea mine and is famous as one of the 
most productive copper properties in the world. 

Mr. Lindsay was a developing force also in the 
Denocrita mines, which he later sold to the H. H. 
Hoffman Syndicate of Cincinnati, Ohio, and which, 
like the Cananeas, have proved to be among the 
wealth-producing properties of Northern Sonora. 
Another valuable property which he held and oper- 
ated for some time in the northern part of Mexico 
was the Indiana-Sonora Mine, which he disposed 
of to the Phelps-Dodge Company, owners of the 
Copper Queen and other noted mining properties. 

Mr. Lindsay's success in the mining business is 
partly due to an inherited disposition toward the 
business, his father having been one of the pioneer 
mining and milling men at Virginia City, Nevada, 
when that famous camp was opened. The son still 
retains interests in several mining companies in 
Nevada and during the historic Goldfield boom was 
one of the early operators. Besides his Nevada 
interests, Mr. Lindsay still retains valuable mine 
holdings in Mexico, although since the sale of 
his Cananea property he has been gradually with- 
drawing from the mining business and expects even- 
tually to devote himself to other affairs exclu- 

Since 1905, Mr. Lindsay has made his perma- 
nent home in Los Angeles and has become inter- 
ested in various enterprises which place him 
among the substantial men of the community. He 
is a Director of the Los Angeles Trust Company 
and one of the largest stockholders in the First 
National Bank of Los Angeles, two of the strongest 
financial institutions in the Southwest, in addition 
to being one of the principal owners and a Director 
of the First National Bank of Nogales, Arizona. 
Another important business which claims his at- 
tention is the Independent Sewer Pipe Works of 
Los Angeles, of which he is controlling stockholder. 
This company's plant manufactures all kinds of 
building material and gives employment to several 
hundred people. 

His public spirit, as well as that of his asso- 
ciates, is shown by the exceptionally artistic build- 
ing in which the Los Angeles Trust Company is 
housed, a building which is a splendid example of 
how beauty and utility can be combined. 

Aside from the various interests mentioned, Mr. 
Lindsay is the owner of an immense amount of 
land in old Mexico and is engaged in cattle-raising 
on a large scale, this enterprise being one of the 
largest cattle and stock ranches in the State of 

Although he has never taken an active part in 
politics, Mr. Lindsay is regarded as one of the 
strong men of Los Angeles, and a man of great 
generosity. He is a member of the Jonathan Club, 
California Club, and the Los Angeles Athletic Club. 



Estate Development, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, October 11, 1872, 
the son of William Freeman 
Mann and Louise (Spencer) 
Mann. His family is one of the oldest in America, 
he being a descendant of Horace Mann, the cele- 
brated educator. Mr. Mann married Mary C. Por- 
ter at Salt Lake City, Utah, November 11, 1902, 
and to them there have been 
born two children, Nella 
Louise and Francis Elizabeth 

Mr. Mann attended the 
grammar and high schools of 
his native city and was 
graduated from the Univers- 
ity of Valparaiso in the class 
of 1890. Following the com- 
pletion of his college course, 
Mr. Mann went to Chicago, 
Illinois, and there entered 
into the real estate busi- 
ness. This was in 1891, two 
years before the opening of 
the World's Columbian Ex- 
position, and one of the 
principal sections handled 
by his firm was near the 
Midway Plaisance, at that 
time an undeveloped sec- 
tion, but later made world 
famous as the great amuse- 
ment thoroughfare of the 
World's Fair. 

In 1893, Mr. Mann moved 
to Los Angeles with the in- 
tention of continuing in the 
real estate business there, 

but realty at that time was in a period of depres- 
sion and he obtained employment with a mercan- 
tile house. He remained with this concern for 
about three years, when real estate became more 
active in Los Angeles, ana he re-entered that field 
as an employe of Easton, Eldridge & Co., one of 
the largest real estate firms in the city at that 
time, with holdings in all parts of the State. Mr. 
Mann was in charge of the company's real estate 
department in Los Angeles until the year 1902, 
when he determined to enter upon a business ven- 
ture of his own. 

Mr. Mann specialized in the sale of properties 
northwest of the city proper, when a shortage of 
water existed in that part of Los Angeles, and he, 
with others, organized the Hollywood Water Com- 
pany, in 1904, for the purpose of supplying water 
to the residents of that section known as Holly- 
wood. Mr. Mann served as President of the com- 
pany until it was merged, several years later, with 
the Hollywood Union Water Company. 


Another important phase of Mr. Mann's career 
as a developer was that dealing with the opening 
of new residential districts in the beautiful coun- 
try surrounding Los Angeles. He was a pioneer 
in presenting the residential possibilities of the 
various canyons, and in this capacity brought 
about the settlement of Laurel Canyon in West 
Hollywood, now one of the beautiful residence dis- 
tricts of Southern California. This section, now 
known as "Bungalow Land," was opened in 1907 
and is now a vast park, with 
attractive homes and beauti- 
ful scenery as its chief 

Mr. Mann has been one of 
the most active" men in the 
development of picturesque 
locations in the vicinity of 
Los Angeles and has also 
taken the lead in various 
other lines of improvement, 
all having for their general 
object the upbuilding of the 
country. For instance, in 
1910, he organized a com- 
pany and constructed the 
first and only trackless trol- 
ley in the United States, a 
transportation line still in 
operation and the main car 
line from Hollywood up the 
canyon to "Bungalow Land." 
This is one of the unique 
railways of the world, and 
quite as practical as those 
operating over steel rails. 

In the early part of 1912, 
Mr. Mann organized the 
Canyon Castle Corporation, 
one which has for its object 

the operation of a hotel, modeled along the lines 
of an old feudal castle, but modern in equipment 
and operation. The structure is not complete as 
yet, but through it Mr. Mann and his associates 
hope to make Laurel Canyon one of the great 
tourist places of the West. 

Associated with Mr. Mann in Canyon Castle 
Corporation and its hotel project are S. S. Porter, 
and his father-in-law, both hotel men of broad 

Mr. Mann is ranked with the progressive men 
of the Southwest and has a substantial standing 
in commercial circles. Besides the Castle Canyon 
Corporation, he is President of the Bungalow Land 
Improvement Company, the Laurel Canyon Land 
Company and the Laurel Canyon Utilities Com- 

t He is a member of the Los Angeles Cham- 
ber of Commerce, Los Angeles Realty Board, the 
Jonathan Club and the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. 



Raiser, San Simon, Arizona, was 
born near Lexington, Missouri, 
November 25, 1854, the son of 
Captain Westley Roberts and 
Mary (McGee) Roberts. He mar- 
ried Anna E. Ruch at Los Angeles, California, De- 
cember 17, 1901. Mrs. Roberts, who was a widow, 
had a daughter by her former marriage, Miss 
Semon Ruch (now the wife of Dr. R. L. Byron). 

Mr. Roberts is of old 
Southern ancestry, his for- 
bears having settled in Vir- 
ginia in the Colonial days. 
His grandfather moved to 
Kentucky and there his 
father was born. The latter 
emigrated to Missouri and in 
the Civil War served as a 
Captain under General Price. 
He had been a Santa Fe 
freighter and returned to 
Missouri to enlist in the Con- 
federate service, sacrificing 
all of his business interests. 
He was captured by the 
Union forces, but was re- 
leased later and left Missouri 
with his family in May, 1863. 
They started across the 
plains with an ox team, 
headed for California, but 
halted at Salt Lake City dur- 
ing the gold excitement in 
that region. Later they 
moved to Montana, where 
the elder Roberts engaged in 
the cattle business for sev- 
eral years. At the end of that time they again took 
up the trail to California, landing in Los Angeles 
in October, 1869. The elder Roberts not only was 
prominent as a cattleman, but also was one of the 
original locators of Denver, Colorado. He also put 
down one of the first oil wells in California. 

Oscar W. Roberts received the first part of his 
education in the public schools of Missouri and Salt 
Lake City and studied under a private teacher in 
Montana. He entered the public schools of Los 
Angeles and later attended St. Vincent's College 

In 1873, after leaving school, Mr. Roberts went 
to Idaho, where his father owned a large cattle 
ranch on the Snake River. He had been a cowboy 
since childhood and immediately took his place on 
the range. He managed his father's business until 
the latter sold out and returned to Los Angeles 
in 1876. After selling his cattle the elder Roberts 
engaged in the oil business in Ventura, California, 
as superintendent and part owner of the Los An- 
geles Oil Company, whose property later was sold 


to Messrs. Hardison and Stewart, forming the basis 
of the Union Oil Company, which they organized. 
Mr. Roberts aided his father in putting down the 
first well and in the location of other oil properties 
which the former owns today. One of these, the 
Little Sespe, is one of the good producing prop- 
erties of California at the present time- 
In 1879 Mr. Roberts was chosen Superintendent 
of the Frazier gold mine in Ventura County, and 
operated this until the winter of 1880, when he 
resigned and went to Ari- 
zona. He halted at Tucson 
a short time, went to Tomb- 
stone and finally located at 
the old town of Eureka, N. 
M., a mining camp twenty 
miles south of the Southern 
Pacific Railroad. Mr. Rob- 
erts went to work in a mine 
for a time, later became 
storekeeper and finally re- 
sumed the vocation of cattle 
raiser. Like most men of 
that day, he experienced 
many dangers and had nu- 
merous thrilling escapades. 
During one week ten men 
were killed in Eureka, three 
being shot to death while sit- 
ting at a table with him. 

While operating the store 
Mr. Roberts served as Post- 
master and changed the 
name of the town from Eure- 
ka to Hachita. He also was 
interested in cattle and in 
1887 gave up the mercantile 
business to devote himself to 
his stock interests, which included a ranch near Ha- 
chita. Haggin, Hearst and Head, owners of the 
"Diamond A" property, had a large ranch surround- 
ing his and chose him manager of their business, 
the largest cattle enterprise in the Southwest. For 
seven years he had full charge of the ranch. This 
was when the Apaches were on the warpath, and 
his work was not lacking in exciting adventures. 

In 1894 Mr. Roberts sold out his interests to 
the "Diamond A" and returned to Los Angeles, en- 
gaging in real estate, oil and other ventures. How- 
ever, he renewed his cattle business in Arizona and 
this has been his principal work since, his ranch 
being located at San Simon. 

Mr. Roberts has taken an active part in politics 
and served for many years on the Democratic Cen- 
tral Committees of Cochise County, Arizona, and 
Grant County, N. M. He was a candidate for Sheriff 
of Grant County in 1891, but failed of election, lu 
1909 he was elected to the Twenty-fifth Arizona 
Legislature and served until Statehood was granted. 
Mr. Roberts is a Master Mason, a member of 
the Sierra Madre Club of Los Angeles, and Presi- 
dent of the Hassayampa Club, an Arizona society. 



Physician and Surgeon, Los 
Angeles, California, was born 
at South Bend, Indiana, De- 
cember 20, 1859. He is the 
son of Dr. Robert Melvin Moore and Maria 
(Asire) Moore. He married Elizabeth Hol- 
ler, at South Bend, Indiana, in 1879. They 
have two children, Dr. Edward Clarence 
Moore and Lillian, now 
Mrs. Le Roy Edwards. 

Dr. Moore's male an- 
cestors were all identified 
with the medical profes- 
sion since about the time 
of the Declaration of In- 
dependence. His father 
was the first graduate 
physician in the State of 
Ohio and practiced in 
South Bend and vicinity 
for more than a score of 
years, being one of the 
most highly respected 
men in the community. 

Dr. Melvin Moore is 
one of the most thorough 
men in the profession to- 
day. He received his 
early education in the 
public schools of South 
Bend, and upon the con- 
clusion of this work en- 
tered Valparaiso Univer- 
sity, at Valparaiso, Ind., 
where he finished his aca- 
demic studies in 1878. 
Leaving his native state that year, he went 
to Rush Medical College, at Chicago, 111., 
where he began the study of medicine. He 
spent three years there and was graduated 
with the degree of M. D. in 1880. 

Although he was a qualified physician, 
and could have started in practice at once, 
Dr. Moore decided that he would study fur- 
ther in order to better equip himself for his 
professional career. Accordingly he went to 
New York and entered Bellevue College. He 
spent two years there, applying himself prin- 
cipally to surgery, and in 1882, after two 
years in the institution, he was given another 
degree of medicine. After practicing a num- 
ber of years, Dr. Moore went abroad to study 
the methods and hospitals of the Old World. 
He first went to Berlin, where he took post- 
graduate work under the tutelage of some of 
Germany's greatest surgeons, and after a con- 
siderable period there went to Vienna to 


study under the great specialists of that city. 
He was highly regarded by his mentors there 
and was given numerous opportunities to im- 
prove his knowledge of the subject he desired 
to master. 

Dr. Moore began practice at South Bend, 
Ind., where he followed in his father's foot- 
steps for five years. His health failed him, 
and in 1887 he left that state and moved to 
Los Angeles, California, 
where he has been identi- 
fied in a professional and 
social way for over twen- 
ty-four years. 

He returned to In- 
diana for a brief interval 
and then spent a winter 
in Central Florida. After 
that short period in the 
health resorts of Florida 
he moved permanently to 
Southern California. 

He formed a partner- 
ship with Dr. F. T. Bick- 
nell, of Los Angeles, and 
they were associated for 
sixteen years. Both part- 
ners earned lasting repu- 

Dr. Moore at an early 
period began the study of 
gynecology and obstet- 
rics. His proficiency and 
ability in those subjects 
gave him an authorita- 
tive standing in that 
branch of the profession 
and in 1892 he was appointed Professor of 
Obstetrics at the Medical College of the Uni- 
versity of California, located at Berkeley. 
That professorship he has retained for nine- 
teen years. 

He is most highly respected in profes- 
sional and social circles of California an J has 
played a prominent part in the upbuilding of 
the medical profession of Southern Califor- 
nia and the entire West. 

Dr. Moore holds membership in the lead- 
ing professional societies of the country, such 
as the American Medical Association, Los 
Angeles County Medical Society, District 
Medical Society of Southern California, 
Pathological Society of Los Angeles, and 
the Medical Society of the State of Cali- 

He is an Elk and a member of both 
the University Club and the California Club 
of Los Angeles. 



CLARENCE, Physician and 
Surgeon, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born January 20, 
1882, at South Bend, Indiana, 
the son of Dr. Melvin L. Moore and Eliza- 
beth (Holler) Moore. He married Helen 
Rowland at Los Angeles, April 18, 1906, and 
to them have been born two children, Wil- 
liam Rowland and Helen 
Elizabeth Moore. 

Dr. Moore is the 
youngest of a line of phy- 
sicians noted in America 
for more than a hundred 
years, and known partic- 
ularly in Indiana and 
in California as men of 
high scholarly attain- 
ments. His grandfather, 
Dr. Robert Moore, was 
the first graduate physi- 
cian of the State of In- 
diana and his father is 
one of the most prominent 
physicians in the West. 

Dr. Moore was taken 
to Los Angeles by his 
parents when he was 
three years of age and has 
spent his life there since 
that time. He attended 
the public schools of Los 
Angeles in his boyhood 
and upon completion of 
his high school work went 
back to his native State, 
where he studied for one year at Notre Dame 
University, the famous Hoosier State edu- 
cational institution. This was the year 1897. 
The next year he returned to school at Los 
Angeles, entering the Belmont Preparatory 
School to fit himself for an admission to the 
University of California. He was at the 
preparatory school for two years. 

He determined to follow in the footsteps 
of his father and early ancestors, and in 
1900 he was admitted to the medical depart- 
ment of the University of California. This 
necessitated four years of study, at the end 
of which period he was graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine in June, 1904. 

Dr. Moore's father at that time, as now, 
was a leader in the profession in Los An- 
geles, and as he has studied extensively in 
the laboratories and hospitals in Europe in 
fitting himself for his practice, he was ena- 
bled to give of his great knowledge and ex- 


perience to his son. The latter, immediately 
upon passing the State examinations, went 
into partnership with his father. His pro- 
fessional life, from the day of starting, was a 
most active one and for three years he 
worked with his father, devoting himself 
principally to surgery. In 1907 there came a 
period when he felt he could quit his practice 
for additional study. He went to Rochester, 
Minnesota, where he be- 
came clinical assistant to 
the celebrated brother 
surgeons, Drs. Mayo, 
whose famous sanitarium 
in the little northwestern 
town is one of the most 
famous institutions in the 
world of surgical science. 
People go to the Mayos 
from all parts of the 
world, and some of their 
feats in surgery have not 
only startled the medical 
profession, but have made 
history for it. To be an 
associate of these great 
surgeons is a privilege ac- 
corded to few men. Dr. 
Moore was with the 
Mayos for a year, during 
which time he aided them 
in the performance of 
many of their wonderful 
operations and gained an 
experience that is almost 
invaluable to him. Later, 
in 1911, he spent three 
months additional with the Drs. Mayo. 

Returning to Los Angeles in 1908, he re- 
sumed his practice with his father as chief 
surgeon of the firm of Drs. Moore, Moore & 
White, and at the present time handles noth- 
ing but surgical cases. 

Dr. Moore's expert work in the field of 
surgery placed him on the faculty of the Los 
Angeles Dept. of Medicine of the University 
of Cal., which position he has retained. He 
was made one of two surgeons to the L. A. 
Aqueduct Commission and is one of the at- 
tending surgeons to L. A. County Hospital. 
He is a Director of the California Hos- 
pital and is an active member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. He is also a mem- 
ber of the L. A. Clinical and Pathological So- 
ciety, L. A. County Medical Society, Cal. 
State Medical Society and others. He is a 
member of the California and the Los An- 
geles Country clubs. 



Highway Engineer, Los An- 
geles, California, is a New 
Englander by birth, being 
born at North Egremont, 

Massachusetts, January 20, 1862. His 

father was Looniis M. Joyner and his 

mother Mary L. (Cross) Joyner. Mr. 

Joyner is a direct descendant of Joseph 

Loomis, who settled in 

Windsor, Connecticut, in 

1639, and the original 

founder in America of 

the large Loomis family. 

He is also descended 

from Robert Joyner, one 

of the heroes of the Rev- 
olutionary War. On 

both sides Mr. Joyner is 

a pure Yankee. He mar- 
ried Clara Estelle Cur- 

tiss, October 4, 1888, at 

Brooklyn, New York. 

There is one child, Mary 

C. Joyner. 

Mr. Joyner attended a 

district school in North 

Egremont, Mass., and 

later the High School of 

Great Barrington, Mass. 

He studied at Carter's 

Commercial College, 

Pittsfield, Mass., and 

took a course at the 

Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College, Amherst. 
The first actual work 

F. H. 

of his career began in 1881, when he became 
a chainman with the New York, West Shore 
and Buffalo Railroad. His intelligent effort 
won him the advanced position of assistant 
engineer, which station he held for nearly 
three years. In 1885 he was made resident 
engineer for the Wisconsin Central Railroad, 
with headquarters at Des Plaines, Illinois. 
There he remained and practiced for the fol- 
lowing year. 

In the latter part of 1886 Mr. Joyner be- 
came engineer at the end of track and assist- 
ant superintendent of construction with the 
Fitzgerald and Mallory Company, and the D. 
M. and A., a branch of the Missouri Pacific 
system. He was continued in this position 
for a period of over a year. During all this 
time Mr. Joyner was not merely performing 
his duty, he was making a deep study all the 
while of the great engineering problems of 
the day and seeking that branch which held 

the greatest promise for the future. 

In 1887 he left railroad engineering to 
take a responsible position with Morrison 
and Corthell, engineers in Chicago. He was 
given charge of the preparation of stone for 
the bridge over the Ohio River at Cairo and 
bridges over the Mississippi River at St. 
Louis and at Memphis. He had charge of 
the construction of a number of minor 

bridges in and around 


He also filled the of- 
*fice of City Engineer at 
Bedford, Indiana, where 
he continued until the 
latter part of 1891, when 
he resigned and at the 
same time resigned from 
the Morrison and Cor- 
thell Company. 

In 1892 he accepted a 
position with the Pejep- 
scot Paper Company, one 
of the largest establish- 
ments of its kind in the 
State of Maine. He be- 
came Assistant Engineer 
on the construction of 
dams and pulp mill plants 
for this company. 

Mr. Joyner took up 
highway engineering in 
1896. His first services 
in that great field were 
with the Massachusetts 

TOYNER Highway Commission. 

* After two successful years 

he was advanced to Division Engineer in 
1898, which position he held until February 
1, 1911, when he resigned to accept the posi- 
tion of Engineer in charge of Maintenance 
and Repair of Main Highways of Los An- 
geles County. 

His fame as a highway engineer had be- 
come so well known throughout a greater 
part of the continent that during the early 
part of 1911 the Los Angeles County High- 
way Commission, finding themselves in need 
of a professional head, determined to send 
for him. 

He accepted their offer and went at once 
to Los Angeles and took up the duties of the 

He held the position until the following 
July, when he was appointed Chief Engi- 
neer for the Los Angeles County High- 
way Commission, which position he holds at 
the present time. 



Stock and Bond Broker, San 
Francisco, was born in San 
Francisco, July 21, 1870, the 
son of John Charles and Ag- 
nes (Cowan) Wilson. His parents, who were 
of Scotch and English origin, were among the 
early residents of San Francisco, where his 
father was well known as a large dealer in 
cqke and pig iron, and evi- 
dently transmitted to their 
son the qualities of shrewd- 
ness and energy pre- 
sumed to inhere in the 
Scotch-English blood. J. 
C. Wilson, from his boy- 
hood, has been what is 
known as a "hustler," and 
the remarkable success 
which has attended his 
efforts bear ample testi- 
mony to the ability he 
has put into them. On 
February 10, 1904, he was 
married in the old Palace 
Hotel of San Francisco to 
Miss Mabel C. Cluff, 
daughter of the well- 
known merchant, William 
Cluff. The children of 
this marriage are Daniel 
Lynch, Thomas Cluff and 
Mabel Wilson. By a for- 
mer union he is also the 
father of J. C. Wilson, Jr. 
After attending the pri- 
mary and grammar 
schools of San Francisco he entered Sack- 
ett's School, in Oakland, where from 1886 to 
1889, inclusive, he took the regular commer- 
cial course, together with Latin and the 
higher mathematics, and studied to equip 
himself for the business career he had 
planned, primarily to enter the firm with 
which his father was connected, that of J. 
Macdonough & Co. 

From 1890 to 1902 he was a clerk in this 
house, in which he also had a contingent in- 
terest. Not being afraid of jolts he took any- 
thing that came his way, from marking and 
handling sacks to balancing a ledger, and 
rose rapidly to a responsible position. In 
1900 the company sold to the Western Fuel 
Company, in which Mr. Wilson became a 
director. This function he discharged for 
the next two years, but found the business 
insufficiently active for his abundant en- 
ergies. He desired something requiring 


initiative, originality and the traits that make 
for genuine progress. He found this desider- 
atum in the course of which he subsequently 
adopted, that of a broker for clients dealing 
in stocks, bonds, grains, provisions, oil and 
similar industries. On September 20, 1905, 
he became a member of the San Francisco 
Stock and Bond Exchange, and began the 
career which has led to his present position 
of the leading stock 
broker on the Pacific 

The remarkable expan- 
sion of his business is 
fairly well indicated by 
the important connections 
he has made in the last 
six years. On September 
17, 1908, he joined the 
New York Stock Ex- 
change, the Chicago 
Stock Exchange on Sep- 
tember 19th of the same 
year, and on August 9, 
1911, the New York Cot- 
ton Exchange. 

Through these years 
Mr. Wilson, by concen- 
trating his energies on 
the work in hand, giving 
his clients every facility, 
and by an absolute ab- 
sence of failures winning 
their confidence, has grad- 
ually enlarged his busi- 
ness to a very wide scope. 
Of this fact the character 

of his eastern correspondents, among them 
such firms as Harris, Winthrop & Co., is an- 
other index. 

Outside of his brokerage business he has 
considerable real estate interests, and a large 
social acquaintance. Beyond this the many 
financiers from the East, who visit the coast, 
are in a measure responsible for Mr. Wilson's 
reputation as a lavish entertainer. 

For a period of six years, from 1900 to 
1905, inclusive, Mr. Wilson was a Yosemite 
Park commissioner, under both Governor 
Gage and Governor Pardee, but has not oth- 
erwise been very active politically. He has 
for years been a prominent and popular 
clubman, and among his many clubs and or- 
ganizations are the Pacific-Union, Bohemian. 
Family, Cosmos and Merchants' Exchange, 
of S. F. ; Burlingame Country, San Mateo 
Polo, of San Mateo County ; California, of L. 
A.; Masons, and K. T. (Cal. Commandery). 





20 1 

EAN JACOB, Retired Lumberman, 
Alhambra, California, was born in 
Upper Stillwater, Maine, January 
19, 1837, the son of Jacob W. Bean 
and Jane (Danforth) Bean. He 
married Cynthia A. McPheters at 
Orono, Maine, October 14, 1860, and to them were 
born eight children, Charles Robie, Daisy (de- 
ceased), Roscoe F. (deceased), Willian H., Flor- 
ence Estelle (deceased), Anne E., Eugene E. and 
Mary Ella Bean. Of the five surviving children all 
are married and Mr. Bean has eleven grandchil- 
dren. Mr. Bean's family is of Scotch origin, the 
earliest members of record having been seafarers. 
The family was transplanted to New Hampshire 
the latter part of the seventeenth century and re- 
mained there for many generations, later scattering 
to other parts of New England, and Mr. Bean and 
his older brother were the first to move Westward. 
His father was in the transportation business in 
Maine and served many years as a County official. 
Mr. Bean received his education in the common 
schools of Orono, Maine, but at an early age went 
to work in a general store. He then entered the 
employ of his father as a freighter, but after a 
short time when he was of an age when boys 
usually devote themselves to play, he went into the 
woods of Maine and entered into the arduous life 
of the logging camp. Although a boy in years, he 
was possessed of extraordinary strength and endur- 
ance, and early took his place among the men of 
the camp. He worked in various branches of the 
logging industry and by the time he attained his 
majority was a proficient lumberman. 

In the early part of 1858, Mr. Bean abandoned 
the lumber industry to join the gold seekers of 
California, making the trip to San Francisco by 
way of the Isthmus of Panama. He joined the 
prospectors in the Sacramento district, but was un- 
successful in his quest and before the end of the 
year gave up the effort and returned to Maine. 

For the next five years he worked in the forests 
and mills of Maine and in 1863, he and an older 
brother, Charles Bean, went to Stillwater, Min- 
nesota. They were immediately employed by Gen- 
eral S. F. Hersey, one of the pioneer lumberman 
of Minnesota, as "timber cruisers," and within a 
short time were admitted as members of the firm 
of Hersey & Staples, which thereupon became 
Hersey, Staples & Bean. Mr. Bean was placed in 
charge of all the logging operations of the firm and 
spent the greater part of each year in the woods. 
About 1872 the firm became Hersey, Bean & 
Brown and some years later, upon the withdrawal 
of E. S. Brown, it became known as Hersey & 
Bean, continuing as such until 1900, when the firm 
practically retired from the lumber business. Dur- 
ing the days of its activity this firm was one of 
the largest lumber and mercantile establishments 
in the Northwest. Its timber holdings in Min- 
nesota and Wisconsin covered 160,000 acres and 
during forty years of operation its mills, among 
the largest and best equipped in that section, cut 
billions of feet of lumber. Its standing pine cov- 
ered a vast area in the territory near the St. 
Croix River and its principal mill, located at Still- 
water, was valued at $300,000. About 1900 the 
company wound up its cutting and ceased opera- 
tions, but its mills were leased for some years to 
other lumbering concerns, being finally dismantled. 
The firm of Hersey & Bean still owns about 70,- 
000 acres of land In Wisconsin and Minnesota, and 
of recent years has dealt largely in farm lands. 
Although his original company quit lumbering 

Mr. Bean did not, he having been one of the or- 
ganizers in 1895, of the Foley-Bean Lumber Com- 
pany. The company had large interests in what had 
been the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation in Minne- 
sota, and its plant at Milaca, one of the most mod- 
ern in the country, cut 32,000,000 feet annually. In 
addition to mills, the company owned stores, yards, 
shops, steamboats and other equipment and em- 
ployed more than three hundred men. Mr. Bean 
was a factor in its management until 1906. 

As a lumberman Mr. Bean ranked with the lead- 
ers and was interested with such men as Frederick 
Weyerhauser, greatest of all lumber magnates and 
James J. Hill, the empire builder of the Northwest. 
He enjoyed the confidence of business men in all 
parts of the Northwest and during his career of 
more than sixty years never was questioned on any 
contract or agreement into which he entered. 

About 1901 he suffered a severe paralytic stroke 
and was compelled to relinquish the active manage- 
ment of his properties, but he had trained his sons 
in the business and turned the management of his 
affairs over to them. 

Mr. Bean is a heavy individual landowner and has 
various other interests. One tract in Winconsin held 
under the name of the Jacob Bean Land Com- 
pany, contains 27,000 acres. He is President of the 
Company, but its actual direction is in the hands 
of his son, W. H. Bean. Several other interests of 
Mr. Bean are incorporated under the name of the 
Jacob Bean Investment Company, a famiry corpora- 
tion, of which he is President. 

Mining has proved an unfortunate field for Mr. 
Bean from the time of his first venture in Cali- 
fornia. Later in life, when he had amassed a large 
fortune he bought a property in Montana, but had 
to give it up after losing $300,000. He accepted 
this great loss philosophically, never complaining. 

From the time he was able to vote he has sup- 
ported the Republican party and was prominent 
in its affairs in Minnesota. Governor Merriam of 
Minnesota, appointed him Surveyor General of the 
Stillwater District in 1888, and he was re-appointed 
in 1890 by Governor Knute Nelson (later U. S. Sen- 
ator), serving until 1892. At that time he returned 
to his private business and consistently declined to 
accept any public office afterwards. 

Since the year 1893 Mr. Bean has had his home 
at Alhambra, California, his estate being one of the 
most beautiful in Southern California. When he 
purchased the place, which covers 120 acres, it 
was a barley patch, but since that time Mr. Bean 
has built a magnificent home and spent thousands 
of dollars in beautifying the grounds. A large part 
of the estate is devoted to oranges and forms one 
of the finest ranches in Los Angeles County. 

In his later years Mr. Bean has spent all of his 
time at his home and has his recreation in reading 
and motoring. Although he is seventy-six years 
of age and endured great suffering at the time he 
was stricken by paralysis, he stills retains a re- 
markable amount of physical endurance and takes 
an active interest in the management of his estate. 

A marked characteristic of Mr. Bean, whose for- 
tune was builded by hard work, is his generosity, 
and for many years he has maintained private 
philanthropies, known only to his- family. 

At seventy-six he is happy in the companionship 
of his children and grand-children, but up to a 
short time ago had that of his wife, who shared 
with him in his success and cheered him in times 
of stress. They celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary October 14, 1910, but within a year 
she passed away, her death occurring July 1, 1911. 



Lawyer, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born on the Isle 
of Man, November 8, 1862, 
the son of William Kelby and 
Isabella (Brew) Kelby. He married M. 
Eugenia De Haven at Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
January 17, 1894, and to them there 
has been born one child, Alta Dahlia Kelby. 
Mr. Kelby, who came to 
the United States when 
he was fifteen years of 
age, attended an Episco- 
pal academy and was 
prepared for college un- 
der Professor John D. 
Brown. He intended tak- 
ing a theological course 
and entering the ministry 
as a profession, but a 
sudden and radical 
change in his views 
about that time made it 
inconsistent for him to 
enter college and he took 
up other studies. 

Upon his arrival in this 
country Mr. Kelby lo- 
cated at Galena, Illinois, 
and there became a clerk 
in a general store. He 
served in this capacity 
for several years and 
while so engaged also 
took up the study of law 
with W. D. McHugh. In 
1887 he moved to Oma- 
ha, Nebraska, still continuing his law studies, 
and was admitted to the bar in that State in 

Immediately following his admission to 
practice, Mr. Kelby entered the office of the 
late Charles J. Green, attorney for the Burl- 
ington Railroad, with whom he remained un- 
til April, 1895. At that time he was ap- 
pointed assistant to the General Solicitor of 
the same company, Charles F. Manderson, 
twice United States Senator from Nebraska. 
Upon Mr. Manderson's retirement from the 
position in January, 1907, Mr. Kelby was ap- 
pointed General Solicitor for the Burlington, 
and continued to serve in that office for the 
next five years. 

Toward the latter part of his tenure Mr. 
Kelby's wife's health became impaired and 
he determined to move their home to a more 
congenial climate. Accordingly, in January, 
1912, he resigned his connection with the 


Burlington, after twenty-three years of ser- 
vice in the company's law department, and 
moved to Los Angeles. 

Mr. Kelby immediately formed a partner- 
ship with George C. Martin, a former asso- 
ciate in Omaha, and within sixty days after 
his arrival was appointed attorney in South- 
ern California for the Union Pacific Railroad, 
a position he now holds in addition to his 
private practice. 

During his tenure as 
General Solicitor for the 
Burlington, Mr. Kelby 
figured in numerous im- 
portant cases for the 
company, these including 
the handling of all its 
land cases and rate issues 
before the Interstate 
Commerce Commission 
and other governmental 

Mr. Kelby has always 
been a strong supporter 
of the Democratic party 
and during his residence 
in Nebraska was a prom- 
inent figure in local and 
national politics. In the 
campaign of 1890 and 
1891 Mr. Kelby took the 
stump in the interest of 
William Jennings Bryan, 
who was at that time 
running for Congress the 
first time. Mr. Bryan, who 
later was to become the 
leader of the Democratic party and a three- 
time candidate for the Presidency of the 
United States, was running in the First Ne- 
braska District, of which Douglas County 
was a part and Mr. Kelby delivered numer- 
ous addresses through that part of the dis- 

From that time on Mr. Kelby was a firm 
supporter of Bryan, supporting him through 
his subsequent campaigns. He also was one 
of the charter members of the Jacksonian 
Democratic Club of Omaha and had a voice 
in the affairs of the party councils. 

Mr. Kelby has distinguished himself as an 
orator, and was one of the strongest speakers 
in the ranks of the Democratic party. He is 
a Mason, Knight Templar and member of the 
Mystic Shrine. His clubs are the Omaha 
Commercial Club, Omaha Country Club, 
Palimpsest Club. Chicago Athletic Club and 
the University Club of Omaha. 

Wo (Co 


CORNELL (deceased), Copper 
Mining, Cattle Owner, and Lum- 
berman, Cananea, Mexico, and 
New York, was born August 26, 
1853, at Duck Creek, Wisconsin, 
the son of Townsend Greene and Eleanor (Cornell) 
Greene. Colonel Greene was descended from seri- 
ous thinking Quaker stock which dates back, on the 
paternal side, to the beginning of the eighteenth 
century and on his mother's side to the first set- 
tlers of Westchester County, New York. Colonel 
Greene was twice married, his first wife having 
been Mrs. Ella Moson. Of this union there were 
two children, one of whom, Mrs. Harry Langslow, 
of Rochester, New York, is living. His second wife 
was Miss Mary Proctor, by whom he had six chil- 
dren, Virginia, William, Frank, Florence, Kirk and 
Charles Greene. 

Colonel Greene was educated in a private school 
at Chappaqua, Westchester County, New York, 
where he spent a greater part of his youth. At the 
age of sixteen he left school to accept a clerkship 
with the house of O. H. Angevin & Co., New York 
City. About 1870, the words of Horace Greeley 
were ringing in the ears of every American boy: 
"Young man, go West!" Being fired by ambition, 
Colonel Greene, a mere boy, left the Empire State 
and turned to the great West where he was to play 
such a prominent part later. He secured a posi- 
tion with the Northern Pacific Railroad, at that 
time extending its line across- the Dakota Territory. 

Colonel Greene spent only a few months with the 
Northern Pacific, then went to what is now the site 
of Fargo, North Dakota. His picturesque career 
might have been far different had it not been for 
the fascinating tales of mining and cattle-ranching 
which reached him from the border Territories of 
Arizona and New Mexico, but these caused him to 
try his fortune in the unknown Southwest. Arriv- 
ing in Arizona in the early seventies, he began his 
mining career by prospecting in the neighborhood 
of Prescott. At a little later date, he gave up min- 
ing temporarily to become a cattleman, and pur- 
chasing a ranch in the San Pedro Valley of Arizona, 
with the capital gained in mining ventures, he be- 
came a successful cattle and land-owner. 

Having retained some mineral interests, he 
made additional investments in scattered claims 
throughout Arizona and in three or four years he 
had gained control of several mining properties. 
Shortly after his arrival in the Southwest, Colonel 
Greene had casually visited the site of the future 
city of Cananea, Mexico, but at that time the place 
showed only an abandoned mine, broken-down 
buildings and the ancient pits and shafts that had 
been sunk by the Aztecs and their successors, the 
Spaniards, in quest of the fabulous El Dorado. 

On a subsequent visit to Cananea, Colonel 
Greene was so impressed with the properties in 
that vicinity that he determined to get possession 
of them and in 1880 he purchased from the widow 
of Governor Pesquiera of the State of Sonora, Mex- 
ico, the Cananea group, consisting of several scat- 
tered mines and ancient workings. At that time 
the Cananeas were generally believed to have been 
worked out and that it would prove profitless to at- 
tempt to develop them further. Several interests 
had previously failed in operating the properties 
and it was thought by mining men of that time that 
Colonel Greene was wasting capital on a fruitless 
enterprise. However, his judgment was fully vin- 
dicated to a point far beyond even his dreams. 

Following the purchase of the properties, there 

ensued a long period of litigation in the courts of 
Mexico and the United States. He started develop- 
ment work on a large scale, but had hardly begun 
active work when several rival interests endeav- 
ored to prove in the courts that he did not hold 
proper title to the Cananea mines and it took long 
years of waiting and toiling before Colonel Greene 
was able to establish his rights. The litigation 
cost him thousands of dollars and necessitated nu- 
merous trips across the continent and to the capital 
of Mexico. Few men would have possessed the 
courage and persistency to cling to the struggle 
with the same grip that he held on Cananea and it 
was at this stage of his career that the world first 
realized the striking executive ability and strength 
of character which marked the man. But through 
it all, litigation, fighting Yaqui Indians in Mexico 
and enemies in the United States, Colonel Greene 
stood the same resolute, indomitable character 
fearless, immovable, alone. He emerged from the 
struggle the possessor of the Cananea mines. 

Early in 1897, Colonel Greene organized the 
Cobre Grande Copper Company and a short time 
later he pooled several of his smaller organizations 
into one gigantic corporation and in 1899 organized 
the Greene Consolidated Copper Company. In a 
short time what had been a barren waste in the 
mountains of Sonora became a thriving city of ten 
thousand persons. As if by magic the city grew, 
schools, churches, libraries, and a hospital for the 
employes, were established by Colonel Greene. 

He constructed a modern broad-gauge railroad 
from the town of Naco, Arizona, to Cananea, built 
and operated eleven miles of narrow-gauge road on 
the property and started the Banco de Cananea. 

While reaping his reward from his copper mines, 
Colonel Greene was equally active in other mineral 
properties, his cattle and landed interests. In 1906 
he purchased from the Federal Copper Company a 
smelter at El Paso, Texas, and the same year or- 
ganized, with John D. Ryan, of Butte, and Thomas 
F. Cole, of Duluth, the famous Greene-Cananea 
Copper Company, which consisted of the consoli- 
dation of several properties. At a later date the 
Greene Gold & Silver Company, with properties in 
Mexico, was organized and shortly afterward 
Colonel Greene secured valuable Mexican lumber 
concessions from President Diaz. 

Colonel Greene thereupon became heavily inter- 
ested in timber and organized the Sierra Madre 
Land & Water Company, a gigantic corporation 
with a capitalization of $15,000,000. This organiza- 
tion owned several million acres of valuable tim- 
ber lands in Chihuahua and Eastern Sonora, Mex- 
ico, and it was planned to handle more lumber than 
any other organization of the kind in the South- 
west, Colonel Greene being President and the di- 
recting head of the concern. 

He was President, Greene Cattle Co.; Greene 
Consolidated Coal Co., Turkey Track Cattle Co., 
Cananea Realty Co., Greene-Kirk Gold & Silver Co., 
Greene Consolidated Copper Co., Cananea Consoli- 
dated Copper Co., Greene Consolidated Gold Co., 
Greene Gold & Silver Mining Co., Balvanera Mining 
Co., Belen Mining Co., Cananea Cattle Co., Gyayno- 
pita Copper Co., International Ore Treating Co., 
Rio Grande, Sierra Madre & Pacific Railroad Co., 
Santa Brigida Gold Co., Sierra Madre Land & Lum- 
ber Co. He was Vice President, Greene-Cananea 
Copper Co., and a Director, Cananea Central Cop- 
per Co., and Greene Land & Cattle Co. 

Since the death of Colonel Greene, which oc- 
curred at Cananea, on August 5, 1911, Mrs. Greene 
has made her home in Los Angeles. 



geles, Cal. (deceased), was born at 
Newark, O., Oct. 7, 1832. He was 
the son of John and Ann Perry. 
He married Elizabeth Dalton In 
1858 at Los Angeles. The chil- 
dren, of whom there are three are: Mrs. Charles 
M. Wood, Mrs. E. P. Johnson, Jr., and Charles 
Frederick Perry. 

After receiving his education in the public 
schools of Newark, Ohio, Mr. 
Perry, as yet a boy, was ap- 
prenticed to a cabinetmaker 
and turner, whose trade he 
learned and started to fol- 
low in Newark. 

He gave it up, however, 
in 1853, and joined a party 
of men and women, headed 
by Captain Hollister, (who 
finally settled at Santa Bar- 
bara, Cal.), who were on 
their way to California. The 
little band of pioneers 
crossed the Missouri River 
at Bennett's Ferry, near 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, and 
after a perilous journey be- 
set with the usual hardships, 
including several attacks by 
Indians, they arrived in Los 
Angeles in February of 1854. 

Mr. Perry arrived there 
with little or no capital, but 
it was only a short time un- 
til, through working at his 
trade, he was able to open 
the first furniture store in 
Los Angeles. His stock con- 
sisted first of goods of his own manufacture, but 
there were added to it gradually goods which 
he had sent down from San Francisco. His busi- 
ness prospered, and in 1856 he took in a partner, 
one Brady, whom Wallace Woodwortb. bought out 
in 1858. This partnership continued for the next 
twenty-five years, or until Mr. Woodworth's death 
in 1883, under the firm name of Perry & Wood- 

In 1865 Mr. Perry obtained a franchise from 
the city of Los Angeles to light the city with 
gas, and organized the first gas company, the 
Los Angeles Gas Company, in which he filled 
the office of General Manager for five years, 
when he sold the company to the present cor- 

In 1873, he went into the lumber and build- 
ing supply business in a very large way, the first 
organization being incorporated as the W. H. Perry 
Lumber and Mills Company. This was followed 
by the organization of the Los Angeles & Hum- 
boldt Lumber Company at San Pedro, the Pioneer 


Lumber and Mill Company at Colton, and the 
Los Angeles Storage Commission and Lumber 
Company. He set up the first steam engine in 
Los Angeles. 

In 1879 Mr. Perry was elected President and 
Manager of the Los Angeles City Water Com- 
pany, which at the time was heavily involved, but 
under his management it was soon put on a sound 
basis. He held this office for a period of twenty- 
five years. 

The principal offices held 
by him in his latter days 
were: President, W. H. 
Perry Lumber and Mill Com- 
pany; President, Pioneer 
Lumber and Mill Company; 
President, Los Angeles City 
Water Company; President, 
Crystal Springs Water Com- 

He was a stockholder in 
and closely identified with 
many other substantial in- 
terests throughout the Coast 
section, including the South- 
ern California Pipe & Clay 
Company, of which he was 
president and director; Cos- 
mopolis Mill & Trading 
Company, of Gray's Harbor, 
Wash., president; Vallejo & 
Napa Electric Railroad; 
Charles Nelson Shipping 
Company, San Francisco; 
Bard Oil & Asphalt Com- 
pany, Olinda Crude Oil Com- 
pany, Gas Consumers' Asso- 
ciation and National Elec- 
tric Company, both of San 
Francisco; Western Union Oil Company, of Santa 
Barbara, Cal.; Reed Oil Company, of Kern county, 
Cal., and the Home Telephone Co., of Los Angeles. 

He was also interested in banking and was 
a firm believer in the promise which the real es- 
tate business of Los Angeles held forth, with the 
result that he was one of the most active oper- 
ators in that field in the city. He served as a 
director of the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank of 
Los Angeles, having been one of the impelling 
factors in the success of that institution from its 
earliest days. He was also a stockholder of the 
American National Bank of Los Angeles, and like- 
wise identified with the Nevada Bank and the 
Union Trust Company, of San Francisco. 

Mr. Perry, despite his manifold business inter- 
ests and social obligations, had found time to ally 
himself with the Masonic organization, being a 
member of the blue lodge, chapter and comman- 
dery, and was a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
Mason. Mr. Perry was public-spirited, charitable 
and generous. He died October 29, 1906. 



dent of the Frank K. Mott Com- 
pany and Mayor of Oakland, Cali- 
fornia, was born in San Francisco, 
January 21, 1866, the son of Peter 
D. and Fannie (Kanning) Mott. 
When he was two years old the family moved to 
Oakland and established their home there. He 
was married in San Francisco, January 10, 1911, to 
Mrs. Gertrude Bennett. From 1872 to 1877 he at- 
tended the Prescott Gram- 
mar School in Oakland, and 
on the death of his father, in 
1877, he was induced by his 
mother and George F. Began 
to enter the latter's Classical 
School, an institution which 
prepared students for the 
University. After a year's 
attempt to digest Latin and 
Greek roots, for which he 
had little liking, his desire to 
contribute to the support of 
his mother prompted him to 
seek permanent employment. 

During his year at Mr. 
Degan's Academy he had 
made a little money by 
"carrying a route" in Oak- 
land for the San Francisco 
Bulletin, but in 1879, when 
he was thirteen years old, he 
found the opening, for which 
he was looking, in the West- 
ern Union Telegraph Com- 
pany. Here he acted as 
messenger boy, and before 
the end of the year, when 
the telephone system was 
installed, he became clerk, and the first telephone 
operator in Oakland. 

He was subsequently promoted to the post of as- 
sistant lineman and collector, but as his income was 
still insufficient for his needs he abandoned this 
business, and in 1882 entered the hardware store of 
George S. Brown as clerk. Brown sold out to W. 
C. Fife in 1884, but Mr. Mott continued to act as 
clerk until 1889, when, the business passing to E. 
A. Howard & Co., he became a partner in the firm. 
He remained as such until 1899, and then purchased 
the Howard interest in the Oakland store, which 
he conducted alone until January 1, 1907. He then 
sold out to enter the real estate business, in which, 
as successor to Breed & Bancroft, he is still active. 

Through these years of success in his own pri- 
vate affairs he was equally busy and effective in 
other commercial activities. By inducing a number 
of the Oakland merchants to join a sort of tentative 
Chamber of Commerce he practically pioneered the 
movement for the establishment of the Merchants' 
Exchange, of which he was made a director. He 


was also a director of the Board of Trade and pre- 
sided at the meetings which were held for the pur- 
pose of forming the present Chamber of Commerce. 
The same qualities that have distinguished his 
business record have been conspicuous in his politi- 
cal life. At the age of twenty-one he was a dele- 
gate to the County Convention of 1887, and through 
successive years he was also a delegate to the City 
Conventions. His first political office was that of 
member of the City Council, to which he was ap- 
pointed, January 1, 1895, by 
Mayor Pardee. Subsequent- 
ly elected for the full term, 
for one year he served as 
President of the Council. He 
was renominated for another 
term, but declined for busi- 
ness reasons. In 1899 he 
was again nominated by the 
Republican Convention, in- 
dorsed by the Municipal 
League and elected by a 
handsome majority. He re- 
tired in 1901, but, yielding to 
the importunities of friends, 
he was nominated in 1905 by 
the Republicans for Mayor, 
indorsed by the Municipal 
League and Democrats, and 
elected by a large majority. 
With the same indorsements, 
plus that of the Union Labor 
party, he was re-elected in 
1907, 1909 and 1911, and is 
strenuously and characteris- 
tically today carrying out 
his pledges, to the immense 
advantage of the city of 
Oakland. Mayor Mott has 

always been aligned with the elements that stand 
for public spirit and civic improvement. He is 
ambitious to unite the various factions into a 
unified movement for the city's real progress, and 
the many enterprises successfully undertaken 
through his administrations for the civic better- 
ment of Oakland argue eloquently for his sincerity 
and ability. 

Besides his presidency of the Frank K. Mott 
Company, he is President and Director of the Pied- 
mont Hills Improvement Company, the Pleasant 
Valley Improvement Company, the Suburban De- 
velopment Company, Humboldt County Land and 
Development Company; Vice President of the Ma- 
sonic Temple Association; Director, Security Bank 
and Trust Company and the Mascot Copper Com- 

His clubs are: Nile, Athenian, of Oakland, and 
the Union League of San Francisco. He is also a 
member of the B. P. O. E., Knights of Pythias, 
Masons, Scottish Rite, Knights Templar, Moose 
Lodge, and the Native Sons of the Golden West. 



Merchant and Attorney at Law, 
San Francisco, Cal., was born in 
San Francisco, Nov. 6, 1869, the 
son of Albert W. and Georgia C. 
(Smith) Scott. Of English-Scotch 
origin, his ancestors were among the early resi- 
dents of New England, especially of Vermont and 
Maine. His father, A. W. Scott, came from Ver- 
mont to San Francisco in 1851, and in 1855 estab- 
lished himself as a feed mer- 
chant, dealing in hay, grain 
and forage of all kinds. He 
not only built up a great busi- 
ness, from which the present 
firm of Scott, Magner & Mii- 
ler has grown, but also be- 
came an important factor in 
public and civic affairs, serv- 
ing many times as school di- 
rector, Supervisor and in 
other municipal capacities. 
He died December 5, 1908, 
widely known for his integri- 
ty, manhood and charitable 
deeds, in which his wife ably 
and unassumedly co-operated 
with him. Their son, who re- 
tains the Junior in honor of 
his father's memory, was 
married in San Francisco to 
Miss Ruth Pearl Van Vactor, 
daughter of Judge William 
Van Vactor of Placer county. 

After a course through the 
public schools of San Francis- 
co, A. W. Scott, Jr., entered 
the Boys' High School, from 
which he was graduated in 
1887 into the University of California. Leaving 
this institution before graduation, he studied law, 
and in 1903 passed the Supreme Court examina- 
tions for the bar. Five years later he was also 
admitted to practice before the United States Su- 
preme Court. 

From 1891 to 1895 Mr. Scott was in business with 
his father, but for the next three years devoted 
himself chiefly to his profession, in partnership 
with Judge A. A. Sanderson. In 1898, however, he 
organized the present firm, under the name of 
Scott & Magner, which was consolidated in 1909 
with the old-established house of W. A. Miller & 
Co., and changed to Scott, Magner & Miller, Inc. 

Although this corporation has developed into the 
largest concern on the Pacific Coast engaged in 
the shipping and wholesale trading of forage, A. 
W. Scott, Jr., has been especially prominent in 
connection with the civic betterment of San Fran- 
cisco. During the trying period following the 
great disaster of 1906, he organized an important 
section of the Red Cross work and was one of the 


most efficient aids in the relief of the sufferers. 
He next turned his attention to the crying need of 
clearing the streets of the debris that blocked 
traffic and progress. Organizing the Citizens' 
Street Repair Association, of which he was made 
president, he raised by subscription a fund of 
$50,000, engaged a large force of workmen, and 
with the aid of the merchants and draying firms, 
soon opened the channels of trade. The memora- 
ble "House Cleaning Day" was Mr. Scott's concep- 
tion, on which occasion, and 
inspired by his example, the 
populace bent to the task of 
sweeping the streets and 
carting away the dirt that 
obstructed them. It is esti- 
mated that on that day more 
than 30,000 loads were moved 
and by this volunteer work 
of the citizens fully $100,000 
worth of labor performed. 

Another notable achieve- 
ment of Mr. Scott was his 
organizing the Civic League, 
comprising sixty-five Im- 
provement Clubs that repre- 
sented every part of San 
Francisco. Later he was 
president of the Industrial 
Peace Conference, and served 
on the arbitration commit- 
tees that endeavored to end 
the strikes in the telephone, 
street railway, iron manufac- 
turing and laundry compa- 
nies. In the last two men- 
tioned he was an important 
factor in the successful set- 
tlement. His work as a 
member of the Executive Sanitary Committee in 
charge of the health campaign when San Francisco 
stamped out for all time the plague that followed 
the earthquake and fire was equally noteworthy. 

Mr. Scott was one of the original organizers and 
directors of the Panama-Pacific International Ex- 
position, and as chairman of the Congressional 
Committee and one of the five commissioners that 
went to Washington to win the fight from New 
Orleans, he was largely instrumental in San Fran- 
cisco's victory. 

In recognition of his good work and character a 
non-partisan convention of 250 merchants of San 
Francisco assembled and made Mr. Scott their can- 
didate for Mayor, but to promote harmony he re- 
tired in favor of Mr. Rolph, the successful aspirant. 
Mr. Scott is secretary and treasurer of Scott, 
Magner & Miller, Inc., director of the S. F. Mer- 
chants' Association, S. F. Life Insurance Co., Death 
Valley Nitrate Co., of which he is chief owner, and 
has large mining and realty interests all over Cali- 
fornia. He is also a member of prominent social 
clubs of the city. 



HOUP, PAUL, Railroads, Los An- 
geles, California, was born in 
San Bernardino, California, in the 
year 1874, the son of T. V. and 
Sarah S. Shoup. He married 
Miss Rose Wilson, of San Fran- 
cisco, in 1900, and has three children, Carl, Jack 
and Louise Shoup. 

Mr. Shoup began the education which has 
helped him climb to a top place in the manage- 
ment of railroads, at Knox- 
ville and later Oskaloosa, 
Iowa, his parents having 
moved to that State when 
he was three years old. He 
continued his education in 
the high schools of San Ber- 
nardino, Cal., having re- 
turned to the place of his 
birth in 1887. 

As soon as Mr. Shoup had 
finished his schooling he 
went, in 1891, to work in a 
minor position in the me- 
chanical department of the 
Santa Fe Railroad, at San 
Bernardino. He later mas- 
tered telegraphy believing it 
to be essential to railroad 
advancement and soon be- 
came one of the operators 
for the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road Company. Then began 
a period of unusually hard 
work and of advancements, 
the rapidity of which later 
has had few parallels in the 
railroad world of America. 

In quick succession he 

was ticket clerk, freight clerk, assistant agent, 
assistant commercial agent, advertising clerk, 
train service clerk, clerk of rates and divisions and 
theatrical clerk, in the passenger department of 
the Southern Pacific Company. In the year 1896 
he went to San Francisco. His industry, so in- 
telligently applied, and his familiarity with the 
administration of railroad affairs, commended him 
to the attention of the executive offices at San 
Francisco, and to the special attention of the 
Assistant General Passenger Agent, and he was 
chosen as chief clerk to that official. 

Not long after this he received his first exec- 
utive position, that of District Freight and Pas- 
senger Agent at San Jose. His record in that office 
caused him to be chosen Assistant General Freight 
Agent of the Oregon Short Line, a part of the 
Harriman System, and when he was thoroughly 
familiar with the administration of that office he 
was transferred to the important office of Assistant 
General Passenger Agent of the Southern Pacific 
Company, again locating at San Francisco. 


His counsel now became so valuable that he 
was taken into the inner circle of the financial 
heads, and made assistant general manager of the 
Southern Pacific Company, in charge of the elec- 
tric lines of that company. 

Meanwhile the two great systems of electric 
interurbans, which center about Los Angeles, 
were being built by Sherman & Clark and H. E. 
Huntington, until in mileage, capitalization and 
business the two exceeded all but two of the trans- 
continental railways in Cali- 
fornia. By successive pur- 
chase the Southern Pacific 
Company acquired all the 
various units, until in 1910, 
it was in possession of them 

Paul Shoup was chosen 
Vice President and Manag- 
ing Director of the combined 
interurbans of Southern Cali- 
fornia, now known under the 
single title of Pacific Electric 
Railway, the largest and 
finest system in the world, 
operating over one thousand 
miles of highly improved 
track, and employing thou- 
sands of men. All of this is 
under the direction of Paul 
Shoup, who gives his per- 
sonal attention at all times 
to every man and detail of 
this gigantic system. 

The Southern Pacific 
Company also owns electric 
lines at Fresno, Stockton, 
Sacramento, San Jose, Ala- 
meda, Oakland, and other 

cities of California, all of which are under his per- 
sonal charge. 

He is the active Vice President and Managing 
Director of the Pacific Electric Railway, Visalia 
Electric Railway, Stockton Electric Railway, 
Fresno Traction Company, San Jose Railroads and 
Peninsular Railway. 

Since Mr. Shoup's accession to his present of- 
fice he and his associates have determined upon 
the extension of the Los Angeles system of inter- 
urbans until the whole country south of Tehachapi 
to San Diego, and from Redlands to the coast, is 
as intimately connected by electric service as are 
the various parts of a city. The sum of $100,- 
000,000 has been voted for the construction of 
these extensions and to care for underlying bonds. 
A number of improvements are already under way. 
The transformation of Southern California, by 
merging into one both city and country, will be the 

Under the direction of Paul Shoup will come the 
construction and operation of these vast extensions. 






torney, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Oakland, California, 
February 5, 1880. He is the son 
of James Swan Roseberry and 
Emma Jane (Adamson) Roseber- 
ry. Married Jeannette Morton at Santa Barbara, 
May 20, 1912. Mr. Roseberry is descended of a 
family many centuries old. Of Scottish origin, its 
members scattered to various parts of the Old 
World several centuries ago, some settling in the 
North of England, others in the North of Ireland, 
a third branch in Wales, a fourth in Germany, and 
a fifth in Austria. One of the early notables of the 
family was Sir Archibald Primrose, who was ele- 
vated to the peerage in Scotland in 1700 and in 
1703 took the title of Earl of Roseberry. The 
various branches of the family contributed to the 
early settlers of America, the first dating about 
1740. The different families were located in Mary- 
land, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Massachusetts and 
other Colonies and the men took part in the Revo- 
lutionary War and the various Indian Wars which 
marked the early history of the United States. 

Mr. Roseberry received his primary education 
in the public schools of Visalia, California, and 
also attended the High School at Oakland from 
1896 to 1898. He entered Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity the following year and was graduated in 
the class of 1903 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. He returned to the University the following 
year for post-graduate work, but his studies were 
interrupted by an epidemic of typhoid fever in the 
vicinity of the University. 

He had studied law at the University and upon 
leaving there in August, 1904, went to Santa Bar- 
bara, California, where he continued to read in the 
offices of Judge B. F. Thomas and Henley C. Booth. 
At the end of three months he went before the 
State Supreme Court for examination and was ad- 
mitted to practice in December, 1904. He imme- 
diately opened offices in Santa Barbara and con- 
tinued there until his removal to Los Angeles in 
the early part of 1912. 

Early in his career as an attorney, Mr. Rose- 
berry became active in local and State politics in 
Santa Barbara, espousing the cause of the Progres- 
sive Republicans. He was the organizer of the 
Progressive Republican League of Santa Barbara 
and was one of the most active men in the fight to 
overthrow what was known as the Old Republican 
"Organization" of that county. 

In 1908, the year William Howard Taft, as the 
candidate of the Regular Republican Party, swept 
the country in his campaign for President, Mr. 
Rosenberry, a stanch adherent of the progressive 
policies of the party, was elected to the State Sen- 
ate of California from the Thirty-third District for 
a term of four years. His fight against the ma- 
chine organization of his own party was one of the 
sensations of the California campaign and his suc- 
cess had much to do with strengthening the cause 
of the progressive element in that State. Two 
years after his election Mr. Roseberry espoused 
the cause of Hiram Johnson, Progressive Republi- 

can candidate for Governor, and his work in that 
campign aided materially in the election of his 
candidate. He served as Chairman of the County 
Convention and was selected as one of the Dele- 
gates to the State Convention which nominated 
Johnson for Governor. 

During the campaign Senator Roseberry took 
the stump and made numerous speeches in support 
of the Johnson candidacy. Although a young man 
his sincerity and ability as an orator had already 
impressed his constituency, because for several 
years previous he had appeared as orator on va- 
rious occasions, delivering addresses on Memorial 
Day, Fourth of July, etc. 

Senator Roseberry, during the four years of his 
term, was one of the most energetic and progres- 
sive members of the State Legislature. He not 
only introduced numerous bills having for their 
object the public good, but led his colleagues in 
battling for their adoption. Among the measures 
introduced by him and passed were the Roseberry 
Employers' Liability Law and the Constitutional 
Amendment (adopted by the voters in 1911)' pro- 
viding for civil service in all State, County and City 
offices. Both these acts were introduced in 1911, 
but two years previously he had introduced what 
was known as the Roseberry Postal Primary Law, 
which was later withdrawn in order to make room 
for the present Primary Law under which Cali- 
fornia now nominates all candidates for public 

While in the Senate, he also procured for Santa 
Barbara the State Normal School of Manual Arts 
and Home Economics for the training of teachers 
in these branches of education, the only institution 
of its kind in the United States. 

Senator Roseberry was prevailed upon by Gov- 
ernor Johnson, in September, 1911, to accept the 
post of Attorney for the State Board of Health for 
a term of four years. At the beginning of the 
year 1912 he was chosen as Trust Attorney for 
the Security, Trust and Savings Bank of Los An- 
geles and he now occupies both positions. 

In connection with his position as Trust At- 
torney for the Security Bank, Senator Roseberry 
has charge of all matters dealing with trusts, es- 
tates and legacies and occupies a leading position 
among the financiers of the West. In addition to 
his political and legal work, Senator Roseberry, in 
1911, organized the Sunset Assurance Association, 
the only mutual insurance company in the State 
of California. This organization, for which Senator 
Roseberry is special counsel, operates on the gen- 
eral assessment plan and, although not very old, 
has already proved one of the most successful of 
its kind in the United States. 

Senator Roseberry has been a prolific writer 
on social, civic and commercial subjects and has 
devoted much time to the youth of the country, 
having been for several years a member of the 
Advisory Board of the Success Magazine. 

He is a member of the California Bar Associa- 
tion, the National Geographic Society, the Inter- 
national Peace Society, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, and the Order of Elks. His clubs are the 
Jonathan, Gamut and City Clubs of Los Angeles. 



ARD, Attorney at Law, Los 
Angeles, California, was born 
at Oakland, California, Au- 
gust 31, 1871, the son of 
Walter Van Dyke and Rowena (Cooper) 
Van Dyke. He married Katherine Skiles 
Moulton at Santa Barbara, California, Jan- 
uary 20, 1912. Mr. Van Dyke's family is of 
Dutch origin, the first of 
the family in America 
having been John Van 
Dyke, who came over in 
the early part of the Sev- 
enteenth Century. His 
father was Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme 
Court of California at 
the time of his death. 
His wife is a daughter of 
E. H. Moulton, President 
of the Tri-State Tele- 
phone Company at Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota. 

Mr. Van Dyke received 
his early training in the 
public schools of Oakland 
and the family removing 
to Los Angeles in 1886, 
he entered the High 
School there and was 
graduated in 1889. He 
then entered the Univers- 
ity of California and was 
graduated in the class of 
1893 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. 

Upon leaving college Mr. Van Dyke de- 
cided to take up the study of law and, re- 
turning to Los Angeles, began reading in 
the offices of the Clerk of the Federal Court. 
Within eighteen months he went before 
the Supreme Court of California for exami- 
nation and was admitted to the bar on Oc- 
tober 30, 1894. He did not engage in prac- 
tice immediately, but decided to continue 
his studies and entered the office of Joseph 
Hutchinson of San Francisco as clerk, read- 
ing law meantime. 

In 1895 Mr. Van Dyke parted from Mr. 
Hutchinson 'and returned to Los Angeles, 
where he became connected with the office 
of W. J. Hunsaker, one of the leading law- 
yers of the city. At the end of a year he 
opened offices for the practice of law and 
has been engaged continually since that 
time (1896). 

Mr. Van Dyke practiced alone until 1898, 


and in that year closed his Los Angeles of- 
fice and went to San Francisco, where he 
was engaged for about five years, but in 
1903 he returned to Los Angeles and he has 
maintained his offices there down to date. 
He became a member of the firm of Lawler, 
Allen and Van Dyke at that time, the style 
remaining the same until 1907, when L. W. 
Jutten joined the firm, the name being 
changed to Lawler, Allen, 
Van Dyke and Jutten. 
This association remained 
until 1909, when Oscar 
Lawler, senior member of 
the firm, resigned to ac- 
cept appointment as As- 
sistant United States At- 
torney General, a position 
which required his pres- 
ence in Washington, D.C. 
Allen, Van Dyde and 
Jutten continued their 
work until the firm was 
amalgamated with that 
of Gray, Barker and 
Bowen, shortly after Mr. 
Lawler's departure. After 
two years the Honorable 
Frank P. Flint, whose 
term as United States 
Senator from California 
had just closed, entered 
the firm and the name was 
shortened to Flint, Gray 
and Barker, under which 
form it is known today. 
This firm, of which Mr. 

Van Dyke is an active member, is one of the 
best known in California and enjoys one of 
the most extensive practices in the entire 

Mr. Van Dyke, who ranks high in the legal 
profession of the Southwest, is a loyal son 
of California and one of the most enthusiastic 
workers for the betterment of Los Angeles 
and the rest of Southern California. 

He is a supporter of the principles of 
the Republican party, but has never taken 
an active interest in politics, nor been a 
seeker for public office. 

Mr. Van Dyke is a member of the Los An- 
geles Bar Association, the American Bar As- 
sociation and various clubs, including the 
Bohemian Club of San Francisco, California 
Club of Los Angeles, Los Angeles Country 
Club, and others. 

He is also a member of the Holland Society 
of N. Y. and the National Economic League. 



ATES, HOWARD B., Physician and 
Surgeon, Los Angeles, California, 
was born at San Jose, California, 
November 23, 1867. He is the son 
of Freeman Gates and Adelaide 
(Rhodes) Gates, born respective- 
ly in New Hampshire and New York. He was 
married to Dr. Amelia Levinson in San Francisco, 
California, in 1898. Dr. Gates' father was one of 
the pioneers of California, arriving in the Golden 
State in 1850, after a trip by 
way of Panama. He engaged 
in mining, but was forced to 
give up this work on account 
of poor health. He settled in 
San Jose in 1852 and organ- 
ized the first public school 
system of the city. Later he 
established a higher place of 
learning, known as Gates In- 
stitute, and there many of 
California's leading men re- 
ceived their academic train- 
ing, among them being Del- 
phin M. Delmas, the noted 
lawyer; Senator James R. 
Low, T. S. Montgomery and 
A. E. Pomeroy, well known 
in Los Angeles. Among Dr. 
Gates' connections on the 
maternal side is Judge Au- 
gustus L. Rhodes, who served 
sixteen years on the Supreme 
Bench of California, solving 
many of the early intricate 
problems presented to the 
court, in such a clear, logical 
manner as to make him per- 
manently revered by the legal 


profession of the State. Now, at the age of ninety- 
three years, he is an honored citizen of the commu- 
nity where he lives and his home is the mecca of 
all distinguished visitors to that section. 

Dr. Gates received his early education at his 
father's institute and later in the public schools 
of San Jose. The early death of his father caused 
Dr. Gates and his two brothers Carroll and Eg- 
bert to enter into business life, so that the doc- 
tor's road to a professional training, like that of 
many others who are eventually successful, was 
filled with obstacles. He finally succeeded in en- 
tering the University of California with the class 
of 1891, graduating with the degree of Ph. B. 

Finances were still a serious problem with him, 
but by obtaining a position as teacher in an 
evening school he was enabled to take up 
the study of medicine in Cooper Medical College 
of San Francisco. There he passed the first two 
years of his medical course, going to New York 
City at the end of that period as a student in the 
New York Homeopathic College and Hospital. He 

received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1895, 
and supplemented this course with post-graduate 
work in special branches of his profession. 

Concluding his studies, Dr. Gates returned to 
the city of his birth and began the practice of his 
profession among the friends and surroundings of 
his boyhood. Here is found a history of uninter- 
rupted success and much appreciation from Dr. 
Gates' friends. He was elected first Health Officer 
of Santa Clara County, California, serving two years 
(1898-1899), which work he 
carried on in addition to his 
private practice. For five 
years he was physician to 
the Orphans' Home, a serv- 
ice in which he took a great 
deal of interest and delight. 
In 1902 Dr. Gates and his 
wife, also a physician, spent 
six months in Chicago and 
New York studying. They 
returned to San Jose and in 
1905 Dr. Gates was appointed 
to take charge of the County 
Hospital. Here, as in his 
work as Health Officer, pio- 
neer work was necessary, as 
the Santa Clara County Hos- 
pital, like all similar institu- 
tions of that date, had not 
been put on a hospital basis. 
With the aid of his excep- 
tionally capable wife ard a 
very progressive Board of 
Supervisors, a thoroughly up- 
to-date hospital and training 
school was organized and es- 
tablished, with the result 
that it is second to none in 
the State of California at the present time. 

From July, 1906, to July, 1908, Dr. Gates and 
his wife traveled over Europe, studying under the 
most famous men in the Universities of Vienna 
and Berlin, and enjoying at the same time close 
contact with the peoples of these countries. Upon 
the conclusion of their two-year stay they returned 
to San Jose, where he again took up his practice 
and the hospital work, to which both were devoted. 
But during his absence his mother and brothers 
had definitely located in Los Angeles, where the 
eldest brother, Carroll, had long been one of the 
leading citizens and anxious to have the family 
around him to enjoy the never-ending delights of 
the Southland. So, in order that they might all 
be together, Dr. Gates and his wife moved to Los 
Angeles in November, 1909, where he took up 

Dr. Gates is a member of various medical so- 
cieties and of several clubs, including the Cali- 
fornia, University and Los Angeles Country Clubs 
and Los Angeles Athletic Club. 



ANDREW, Electric Rail- 
ways, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in Peoria, 
Illinois, February 1, 1860. 
He is the son of John Morrison Henderson 
and Julia (Bradley) Henderson. 

Mr. Henderson had only about five years' 
schooling in his youth and his position in the 
business world he has 
made for himself. He 
entered the public school 
at Peoria when he was 
six years of age and left 
in 1871, when he was 
about eleven, to become 
a cash boy in a large dry 
goods establishment in 
Peoria. Despite his 
youth he was advanced 
by his employers to a 
clerkship and he was 
working in that capacity 
when he left, in 1874, to 
go into the railroad busi- 

His first position in the 
railroad world was in the 
Passenger Traffic Depart- 
ment of the Toledo, Pe- 
oria and Western Rail- 
w a y Company, with 
headquarters in Peoria. 
After working in that 
branch of the service for 
a time, Mr. Henderson 
was transferred to the 
Maintenance of Way Department, in which 
he worked as clerk until the Toledo, Peoria 
and Western was absorbed by the Wabash 
Railroad, and he was then transferred to the 
Transportation Department. 

While with the Wabash, Mr. Henderson 
was connected, in alternate years, with 
either the Transportation or Maintenance of 
Way Department and while in the latter he 
acquired practical knowledge of the con- 
struction part of railroading, his work caus- 
ing him to locate, at different times, in Pe- 
oria. Springfield, Decatur and Chicago, 

In 1889, Mr. Henderson was offered the 
position of Chief Clerk to the Superintendent 
of the Jacksonville Southeastern Line, with 
headquarters at Jacksonville, Illinois, and he 
thereupon resigned from the Wabash. The 
Jacksonville Southeastern was controlled at 
that time by the late William S. Hook and 


Mr. Henderson was associated with him for 
many years succeeding. In addition to his 
work as Chief Clerk, Mr. Henderson was 
Purchasing Agent for the company and rafter 
serving in this dual capacity for several 
years, was made General Superintendent of 
the road, in which position he remained until 
he retired from the railroad business in 
Jacksonville, about 1893, or the early part of 

At that time Mr. Hen- 
derson separated from 
Mr. Hook, but by a 
strange coincidence of 
business they were 
brought together again 
in Los Angeles, only 
this time in electric rail- 
ways, with Mr. Hender- 
son in one company and 
Mr. Hook at the head of 
another. The latter had 
started a traction line in 
Los Angeles in 1894 and 
Mr. Henderson having 
gone to visit relatives in 
that city, was chosen the 
following year (1895) as 
Auditor for the Los An- 
geles Railway Company, 
rival of the Hook lines. 
He was also given the 
duties o f Purchasing 
Agent for the road and 
from that time to the 
present has been one of 
the leading factors in the 
work of the company. 

In November, 1910, Mr. Henderson was 
appointed Secretary and Treasurer of the 
company, in addition to his other duties and 
in July, 1911, was made Assistant General 
Manager of the company, still holding his 
other offices. In his new position Mr. Hen- 
derson has had active charge of the larger 
portion of the electric railways of Los An- 
geles and is regarded as one of the leading 
traction men of the Southwest. 

Besides his railway offices, Mr. Henderson 
has various outside interests, these including 
the Southwest Land Company, of which he 
is Vice President. 

Mr. Henderson is a Mason (Knight Tem- 
plar and Shriner) and holds membership in 
the leading clubs of Los Angeles, including 
the California, Jonathan and Gamut Clubs, 
the Los Angeles Country Club and the Los 
Angeles Athletic Club. 



Physician, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born at his 
lather's country place, near 
Columbus, Ohio, July 4, 1877. 
He is the son of Miller Eversole and Louisa 
(MacNaughten) Eversole, and married Mary 
Sherman Clark, second daughter of Eli P. 
Clark, at Los Angeles, September 15, 1910. 

The doctor's grand- 
father, .Henry Eversole, 
left his Virginia home 
early in the nineteenth 
century and, with his 
family, settled in the 
broad rich farm lands of 
central Ohio. Miller 
Eversole, his youngest 
son, married Louisa, the 
third daughter of Owen 
and Susan MacNaughten. 
Owen MacNaughten's 
parents came from Scot- 
land to New York and 
later went to Ohio and 
Pennsylvania, where the 
young Scotchman, Owen, 
met and married Susan 
Baker, whose family es- 
tate is now a part of the 
city of Philadelphia. 

Miller Eversole's youth 
was spent mostly in the 
country and at the age of 
sixteen years he began 
teaching school. A few 
years later found him in 
college and then teaching languages in 
Pleasanton Academy, near Lancaster, Ohio. 
After his marriage he devoted most of his 
time to managing his country estates. On 
July 4, 1878, the first anniversary of his 
son's birth, he was killed by lightning, leav- 
ing the doctor as his only child. 

Dr. Eversole's early education was under 
the direction of his grandfather, Owen Mac- 
Naughten, until the death of the latter, after 
which he had the advantage of tutors and 
travel until he reached the age of twenty- 
one. At this time the Spanish-American 
War fired his enthusiasm and he sailed from 
San Francisco, August 11, 1898, for the Phil- 
ippines, attached to the Volunteer Engineer 
Corps of the U. S. Army. He contracted 
fever in Honolulu, and it is due, orobably, to 
his experience in the temporary hospitals at 
Honolulu and the long years he spent in 
search of health, almost irretrievably lost, 


that he became interested in the study of 
medicine; for in 1904 Dr. Eversole entered 
the Medical Department of the University of 
California. He was graduated in the class of 
1908 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
and after this he did post-graduate work in 
the clinics of Columbia and Johns Hopkins 
Universities, until he left for Europe to do 
special work in the clinics and laboratories of 
Drs. Cohenheim, Klem- 
perer and Pick in Berlin. 
This was followed bv one 
year's study in the Uni- 
versity of Vienna, inter- 
spersed with practical 
work in the clinics of Drs. 
Schlessinger, Kovacs, Von 
Noorden, Braun, Finger, 
Cohn and Sterk. Later, he 
spent several months in 
the laboratory of Dr. Carl 
Spengler, the celebrated 
specialist of Davos Platz, 
Switzerland's great est 
health resort, at original 
research under his per- 
sonal direction. 

Returning to Los An- 
geles, he entered upon 
private practice, devoting 
the greater time to the 
study of tuberculosis and 
at the same time continu- 
ing the research begun in 

In the spring: of 1911, 
Dr. Eversole and his 
bride returned to Europe, where he spent six 
months in the clinics of Vienna, Munich 
and Davos Platz. He returned to Los An- 
geles in November of the same year and re- 
sumed his practice. 

Dr. Eversole, who is engaged in a conscien- 
tious effort to eradicate tuberculosis, con- 
ducts a free clinic in Los Angeles to which he 
devotes two days of each week. He has writ- 
ten various articles on the subject and one of 
the most important of his works is the trans- 
lation into English of the researches of Dr. 
Spengler, who has devoted his life to the 
study of Immunity and Tuberculosis. 

Dr. Eversole is a member of the various 
medical and scientific organizations. These 
include the American Medical Association. 
California State Medical Society and the Los 
Angeles County Medical Society. 

He is also a member of the University 
Club, Nu Sigma Nu, and Theta Nu Epsilon. 



SBORN, SIDNEY P., Secretary of 
State of Arizona, Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, was born in that city May 
17, 1884, the son of Neri Osborn 
and Marilla (White) Osborn. He 
married Miss Marjorie Grant at 
Los Angeles, California, September 17, 1912. Mr. 
Osborn, who bears the distinction of being one of 
the youngest men to hold such an important office in 
the history of the United States, is descended from 
Southern ancestry, his father 
having been a Kentuckian 
and his mother a native of 
Texas. The elder Osborn 
was one of the pioneers of 
Arizona, having made the 
trip across the plains with 
an ox team in 1863. He lo- 
cated at Phoenix and has 
made his home there since, 
being at one time one of the 
largest landowners in Mari- 
copa County. 

Sidney P. Osborn received 
his education in the public 
schools of Phoenix, graduat- 
ing from the High School in 
the class of 1903. For sev- 
eral years prior to his gradu- 
ation, however, he had been 
earning a livelihood as a 
newspaper carrier, delivering 
his papers in the early morn- 
ing prior to the time for re- 
porting in the classroom. 

Shortly after his gradua- 
tion Mr. Osborn was chosen 
private Secretary to J. F. 
Wilson, Territorial Delegate 
to Congress from Arizona, 
and for the next two years 
he spent the greater part of 
his time in Washington, 
D. C. Here he learned "poli- 
tics," with the result that he 

has- made a remarkable record for a man of his years. 
Returning to his home town in 1905, he entered 
the newspaper business as a reporter on the Ari- 
zona Democrat. Later he worked as a reporter on 
the Phoenix Sun, a newspaper established by the 
Rev. Sam Small, the noted evangelist. He remained 
with the Sun during its brief but brilliant lifetime. 
He returned to the Democrat upon the closing of 
the Sun's career and served in various departments 
of that newspaper, including the editorial, adver- 
tising and circulation branches and became one of 
the best all-round newspapermen of Phoenix. 

Politics, however, held the greatest charm for 
him and since the time he left Washington he has 
been a prominent figure in the affairs of the Demo- 
cratic party in Arizona. In 1906 he was elected 
chairman of the Democratic City Committee of 
Phoenix and has served as such since (1912). He 
also served for several years as Secretary of the 
Maricopa County Committee. 

In 1910, following the passage of the enabling 
act by which Congress granted Statehood to Ari- 
zona, Mr. Osborn resigned his newspaper position 
temporarily and entered vigorously into the cam- 
paign for election of delegates to the Constitutional 
Convention and despite his youth was elected a 
Delegate to the body, defeating several strong Re- 


publicans who were running in Maricopa County. 
The Constitutional Convention met on October 
10, 1910, and during the time it continued in session 
Mr. Osborn took an active part in its deliberations. 
He served as a member of various committees hav- 
ing in charge the drafting of the Constitution, 
among them that on suffrage and elections. Being 
a keen observer of laws and conditions, Mr. Os- 
born drafted a recall provision for inclusion in the 
Constitution and offered it for adoption on the 
floor of the Convention. 
There were several similar 
provisions presented, but the 
one finally adopted 1 by the 
framers of the basic law of 
the State was substantially 
the same as that offered by 
Mr. Osborn. It was this meas- 
ure which brought him 
prominently to notice in the 
political field. It will be re- 
membered that President 
Taft refused to sign the bill 
admitting Arizona to State- 
hood until that part of the 
recall provision relating to 
the Judiciary was stricken 
out. This was done, but at 
the first session of the Legis- 
lature the feature was re- 
turned to the Constitution, 
thus permitting Mr. Osborn's 
measure to stand as origin- 
ally introduced. 

At the close of the Consti- 
tutional Convention, Mr. Os- 
born returned to his news- 
paper work and continued as 
a reporter until he was called 
upon to accept the nomina- 
tion for Secretary of State 
by the Democratic party. He 
made a splendid pre-primary 
campaign and received the 
nomination at the election 

October 24, 1911, over one of the most influential 
Democrats in the State. During this campaign 
Mr. Osborn visited every county in the State and 
made speeches in nearly every town. He repeated 
his canvass shortly afterward and at the first gen- 
eral election December 12, 1911, was elected to 
office by a majority of 1196. 

Taking office February 14, 1912, Mr. Osborn has 
since devoted himself to the duties of his office, 
which were particularly numerous because practi- 
cally a complete reorganization of the State Gov- 
ernment was involved. Under the Constitution of 
Arizona the Secretary of State also is ex-officio 
Lieutenant Governor and Mr. Osborn, twenty-seven 
years of age at the time of taking office, will be 
called upon to act as Governor whenever the Execu- 
tive should be unable to attend to his duties. 

Although he is not an orator, Mr. Osborn is one 
of the forceful speakers in the Democratic ranks of 
Arizona and during the numerous campaigns in 
which he has figured has been very effective as a 
debater, largely because of his intimate knowledge 
of public questions. He was one of the speakers 
for Woodrow Wilson in the campaign of 1912, which 
resulted in Mr. Wilson's election to the Presidency. 
Mr. Osborn is a member of the B. P. O. Elks and 
the famous Bachelor Club of Phoenix. 



Engineer, Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Creswick, Australia, 
November 7, 1871, the son of Wil- 
liam Gardiner and Barbara (Pe- 
den) Gardiner. He married Vir- 
ginia M. Bowman at Oakland, California, December 
26, 1906. 

Mr. Gardiner entered the public school in Gee- 
long, Victoria, in the year 1880, and after finishing 
there enrolled in Geelong 
College, from which he was 
graduated in 1888. He then 
entered Melbourne Universi- 
ty and was graduated in the 
class of 1893 as a Bachelor 
of Civil Engineering. 

For approximately two 
years after he left the uni- 
versity Mr. Gardiner was en- 
gaged in engineering work 
in Melbourne, and in 1895 
sailed for America. He ar- 
rived in Los Angeles in Au- 
gust of the same year and 
became associated in various 
electrical and irrigation 
works, and in 1898 had 
charge of the engineering 
work in connection with the 
building of the Southern 
California Power Company's 
plant in the Santa Ana Can- 
yon, under Mr. E. M. Boggs. 

In December, 1898, Mr. 
Gardiner left this field to 
study railroad construction 
and accepted a position in 
Kingman, Arizona, to build a 

line to the mines of Chloride, Arizona. Finishing 
this work in June, 1899, he accepted a position 
with the Oregon Short Line Railroad, with head- 
quarters at Salt Lake City, Utah, and remained 
there until July, 1901. 

At that time Mr. Gardiner became connected 
with the El Paso Northeastern Railroad System, 
and after serving for two years as Engineer of 
Construction, continued his railroad work by accept- 
ing a position with the Moffatt Railroad, running 
from Denver to Salt Lake City. 

In March, 1905, he left the Moffatt road to enter 
the Reclamation Service of the United States, and 
aided in laying out what was known as the Huntley 
Project in Montana, but left that in September of 
the same year and joined the New York Central 

He remained with the New York Central Road 
for about six months, leaving to take charge of the 
construction of a large mill and cyanide plant at the 
Guadaloupe Mine in Durango, Mexico. This work 


kept him engaged until July, 1907, and upon its 
completion he made an extensive trip through the 
lower part of Mexico, returning by way of the Pa- 
cific Coast, whence he sailed to visit his Austra- 
lian home. 

When he first came to America Mr. Gardiner's 
idea was to spend five years in the study of engi- 
neering practice in this country, with particular 
attention to electric light and power development, 
railroad and irrigation problems. At the end of 
his five years' time, however, 
Mr. Gardiner found the work 
in the new country so inter- 
esting he decided to remain 
in the United States. 

After a stay in Australia 
he returned to America in 
April, 1908, and associated 
Mmself with Manifold & 
Poole, Mechanical and Elec- 
trical Engineers at Los An- 
geles, engaged in the devel- 
opment of electric power in 
Inyo and Mono counties, Cal- 

This development work 
kept Mr. Gardiner occupied 
for about two years, but in 
1910 he resigned his con- 
nection with Manifold & 
Poole and decided to devote 
his entire time to caring for 
his private interests. During 
his several years in the 
Western country Mr. Gardi- 
ner became possessed of con- 
siderable property and he is 
at the present time engaged 
in the development of his 
holdings in Los Angeles and vicinity. 

Outside of his immediate personal business, Mr. 
Gardiner holds an interest in the firm of Ball & 
Welch, Propy, Ld., one of the largest dry-goods 
establishments in Australia. 

Mr. Gardiner for many years has been an en- 
thusiastic patron of the arts and has become noted 
as an amateur collector. He now has an inter- 
esting private gallery, including several especially 
noteworthy studies. Because of his artistic incli- 
nations, he has been honored by election as an 
associate member of the Southern California Art 
Club, and to this he devotes a considerable portion 
of his time, although he is an ardent supporter 
of any movement which means for the develop- 
ment of the city in which he has elected to make 
his future home. 

In addition to his Southern California Art Club 
membership, Mr. Gardiner is a member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers and the Jona- 
than Club of Los Angeles. 






er, Phoenix, Arizona, was born in 
Schuyler County, New York, June 
13, 1853, the son of John McClure 
Bennett and Clymena M. Shutts. 
He married Emma Ruth Bennett, 
eldest daughter of Guy Bennett, at Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, October 3, 1888. Mr. Bennitt is descended 
of a family whose American branch is almost as 
old as the nation itself, the earlier members hav- 
ing settled in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania 
in pre-revolutionary times. Later, members of 
the family transferred their residence to the 
Chemung Valley of New York, where Mr. Bennitt's 
grandfather, Colonel Green Bennett, was a promi- 
nent figure in military affairs. 

Mr. Bennitt received his early training in the 
public schools of his native county and upon the 
completion of his studies there, attended Alfred 
University, at Alfred, New York. He left in his 
sophomore year to enter the civil engineering de- 
partment of Union College at Schenectady, New 
York, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1875, with the degree of C. E. 

Mr. Bennitt, who has been one of the practical 
upbuilders of Phoenix and Salt River Valley, left 
his home in Watkins, New York, early in June, 
1875, for Junction City, Kansas, then the Western- 
most railroad point, whence they intended to start 
for the gold fields of Arizona. Before they started, 
they were joined by Mr. Bennitt's father, mother and 
younger brother, and the four became part of a train 
of eighty persons who journeyed with ox teams 
across the continent. They arrived at Prescott, 
Arizona, near the site of Fort Whipple, then the 
military headquarters for the Southwest, on Nov- 
ember 3, 1875, after five months on the road. 

The Winter of 1875-76, Mr. Bennitt, with some 
of the party who had come with him, spent in the 
Bradshaw Mountain district mining for gold, but 
were unsuccessful and he, with a friend, George 
C. Waddell, went into the general mercantile busi- 
ness at Tiger Mine, near the Bradshaw basin. 
They conducted this store for several years, or un- 
til the mine was closed down in 1880. 

With Emil Eckhoff, Mr. Bennitt then spent sev- 
eral months in the survey and location of a rail- 
road planned by its promoter, Charles A. Hensey, 
of Philadelphia, to run between Phoenix and old 
Maricopa, about ten miles west of where the pres- 
ent city of Maricopa stands. Owing to his inabil- 
ity to get satisfactory rates for the handling of 
supplies and material for this road, which was the 
first projected under the Territorial Exemption 
Act, it never got beyond the survey stage. 

When it became definitely known that the road 
could not be built, Mr. Bennitt returned to Pres- 
cott and opened offices for the practice of his 
profession, but closed them in about a year and ac- 
cepted a position as clerk in the general store of 
M. Goldwater & Sons. He remained in this posi- 
tion for about two years, then in company with 
Colonel William Christy, went to Phoenix, where 
he has remained since. With Colonel Christy, Mr. 
Bennitt organized and opened the First National 
Bank of Phoenix in October, 1882. It was the first 
Bank to operate with federal charter in Arizona. 
Six months after opening, it went into liquidation 
as a National Bank, and Mr. Bennitt and his asso- 
ciates organized the Valley Bank, as it is known 
to-day. This Bank, starting with a capital of 
$50,000 has grown to be the largest financial in- 
stitution in the State of Arizona. The capital was 
increased to $100,000 by the suspension of cash 

dividends for three years, at the end of which time 
a hundred per cent stock dividend was declared. 
Mr. Bennitt started in as Assistant Cashier of the 
original bank and for ten years worked unceasing- 
ly, with the result that at the end of a decade, 
failing health caused him to resign his active con- 
nection with the bank, although he still remained 
a stockholder and director. 

About this time Mr. Bennitt opened a loan and 
investment business, which he has continued 
under the name of E. J. Bennitt & Company, 
and for several years devoted himself to this al- 
most exclusively. In 1891 he had regained his 
strength and with James A. Fleming and P. J. Cole, 
organized the Phoenix National Bank on March 12, 
1892, he taking the office of Cashier. He occupied 
this post for about three years, then resigned and 
resumed his own business exclusively. He con- 
fined his attention to it until 1903, when, upon the 
death of Colonel Christy, he again actively engaged 
in the management of the Valley Bank, as Presi- 
dent, a position he still retains. 

Mr. Bennitt, for thirty years, has been one of 
the financial leaders of Phoenix and has been one 
of the principal factors in the development of the 
city and its tributary territory. As a banker and 
business man, he was aided in the projection of 
various irrigation works, including the Arizona 
Canal, which traverses the Salt River Valley for 
forty miles and has been the means of reclaiming 
a vast section of country for agricultural purposes. 
He also helped organize the first Commercial Club 
of Phoenix and also the Phoenix Board of Trade. 

In the early days, he lent himself to every move- 
ment intended for the betterment of the city and 
the increase of its commercial importance, and, 
with certain others, opened and operated a private 
thoroughfare, a Boulevard, known as Central Ave- 
nue, which is the most beautiful thoroughfare in 
Salt River Valley. He also took an active interest 
in social affairs and was among the organizers of 
the first fire company and athletic club in Phoenix. 
He helped organize Trinity Episcopal Mission, later 
made a pro-Cathedral, and has served as a member 
of the vestry since its formation. 

Mr. Bennitt was one of the organizers of the 
Maricopa Club, now known as the Arizona Club, 
of Phoenix, and also was a leading figure in Mason- 
ic affairs for many years. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, helped to organize the Knights 
Templar Commandery and was the second Com- 
mander in 1894. He was elected Grand Commander 
for Arizona, in 1895, and also served during 1900 
as Imperial Potentate of the Mystic Shrine. 

For many years, Mr. Bennitt, who is a Demo- 
crat in his political beliefs, took an active part in 
the affairs of his party and served several terms 
as City Treasurer of Phoenix, but has steadfastly 
declined to accept any strictly political office. 

For several years past, Mr. Bennitt has been a 
member of the Board of Governors of the Salt 
River Valley Water Users' Association, which is 
composed of the water users in Salt River Valley 
who receive water from the Roosevelt Reservoir. 
It is the governing body of the great irrigating 
and electrical supply system of the Valley. 

These are just a few of the enterprises with 
which Mr. Bennitt has been connected, but they 
serve to illustrate the part he has taken in the up- 
building of the City. Aside from the interests al- 
ready mentioned, Mr. Bennitt is concerned in vari- 
ous commercial enterprises, including Goldwater 
Bros., the McNeil Co. and the Alhambra Brick & 
Tile Co., all agents in the growth of the City. 




OLE, ELMER E., Real Estate, Los 
Angeles, Gal., was born in New 
Hampshire, December 21, 1863. 
He is the son of H. L. Cole and 
Emily (Phipps) Cole. He mar- 
ried Laura M. Mayhew at Minne- 
apolis, Minn., in 1893, and to them have been born 
two sons, Lloyd and Harold Cole. 

Mr. Cole attended the public schools of Port- 
land, Maine, and Boston, Mass., until he was six- 
teen years old. At the age of eighteen he was a 
traveling salesman for a Boston cutlery company, 
and continued in that capacity until he was twenty- 
three years of age, when he resigned and went to 
Minneapolis, embarking in the real estate business. 
He dealt principally in farming and ranch lands 
and for thirteen years was an important factor in 
developing that section. During these thirteen 
years he met with both success and reverses, but 
lie kept at it and subsequently achieved a lasting 
success. In 1900 he sold his interests in the Northwest 
and moved to Los Angeles. He immediately opened 
"brokerage offices, dealing in stocks, bonds and min- 
ing properties. He remained at this occupation 
until 1905, when he gave up the stock and bond 
end of his business and confined himself to real 
estate and lands. He holds extensive mining in- 
terests, extending from Northern California to Old 
Mexico. Since engaging in the real estate business in 
Los Angeles, Mr. Cole has handled some large 
deals in acreage tracts, among them being the sale 
of 1500 acres south of Playa del Rey, California. 
He deals extensively in city property and is the 
owner of some of the most valuable real estate in 
the business center of Los Angeles. 

He formerly was a member of the Los Angeles 
Stock Exchange, and is a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce, Realty Board, Masons, Los Angeles 
Automobile Club, Los Angeles Athletic Club, 
Gamut Club and California Club of Los Angeles. 


Los Angeles, Cal., was born in that 
city, September 3, 1864. He is the 
son of the late Samuel Hellman 
and Adelaide (Adler) Hellman, his 
family being identified with the 
business and financial history of Los Angeles for 
many years. He married Alice Schwarzschild, at 
San Francisco, Cal., July 16, 1889, and to them there 
have been born three children, Melville S., Lucile S. 
and S. Jack Hellman. 

Mr. Hellman was educated in the schools of his 
native city and graduated from high school, with an 
exceptional record, in 1880. 

Two years after he left school he went into the 
stationery business with his father, and at the end 
of three years, when his father decided to give up 
the business, he, with a partner named Stassforth, 
bought the business and continued it under the 
firm name of the Hellman-Stassforth Company 
This association existed up to 1894, when Mr. Hell 
man sold out his interest and went into the bond 
brokerage business with J. F. Sartori. 

One year after this he was elected vice presi- 
dent of the Security Savings Bank, and he gave up 
all outside business connections to devote himself 
exclusively to banking. He has remained vice presi- 
dent of the bank down to date and in addition is in- 
terested in other banking institutions, holding the 
vice presidency and directorship of the Title Insur- 
ance and Trust Company. In keeping with the his- 
tory of his family, Mr. Hellman has become one of 
the leading bankers of Los Angeles and is an im- 
portant factor in the development of that city. 

He takes an active interest in the public affairs 
of Los Angeles. He is also an ardent booster and 
belongs to most of the civic clubs and improvement 

He is a member of the Concordia Club and the 
Los Angeles Country Club. 





Physician, Los Angeles, California. 
Born May 25, 1861, Denver, Illinois. 
Son of Enoch Clifton Browning 
and Sophia Louisa (Pennock) 

Browning. Married Helen E. Til- 

lapaugh at Denver, Illinois, August 26, 1885. They 
have one child, Helen Gilberta Browning. 

Dr. Browning attended preparatory school, Shel- 
byville, Missouri, 1878-79; Shelbina College, 1880; 
Christian University, 1881; Missouri State Univer- 
sity, 1881-83, receiving degree of M. D. Practiced 
in Illinois until 1888. At the University of City of 
New York, 1888-89. 

Served interneships at the New York House Re- 
lief and the Insane Asylum, Blackwell's Island. 
In 1891 he went to Califiornia, locating at San 
Jacinto. Remained there until 1893, then went to 
Highland, California, and in 1905 moved to Los 

He was Medical Director Pottenger Sanatorium, 
Monrovia, from 1905 to April, 1910; incorporator 
and vice president Pottenger Sanatorium Company; 
organizer and first vice-president First Bank of 
Highland; incorporator and first secretary High- 
land Domestic Water Company; incorporator of San 
Bernardino County Savings Bank; incorporator and 
vice-president Highland Fruit Growers' Association; 
member of staff Medical Department University of 
Southern California; ex-president of the Redlands 
Medical Society, San Bernardino County Medica 1 
Society and the Highland Library Club. 

Member of all the important medical societies, 
National, International, California and Los Angeles 
Associations for the Study and Prevention of Tu- 
berculosis, and National Child Labor Society. Also 
of Monrovia Board of Trade and Municipal Water- 
ways Association. Belongs to University and City 
Clubs of Los Angeles; Elks, Knights Templar, Mys- 
tic Shrine and Eastern Star. 


Attorney-at-Law, Los Angeles, 
Cal., was born in Mazomanie, 
Wisconsin, Jan. 17, 1866, the son 
of Allan Macdonald and Eleanor 
(Wiseman) Macdonald. He is a 
descendant of the famed Macdonalds of Clan Ran- 
ald, of the Western Highlands of Scotland, whose 
name is frequently mentioned in song and story. 
He married Jane Boland in San Francisco, June 23, 
1902. They have three children, Allan, Eleanor 
and James Wiseman Macdonald, Jr. 

Mr. Macdonald, although born an American, 
spent his boyhood and part of his early manhood in 
England. His father died in 1869, and the mother 
took the children back to England to her original 
home where she was born. He was educated at the 
Grant School, a private institution at Burnly, Lan- 
cashire, England, conducted by the late W. M. 
Grant, one of the best known educators of England. 
On the death of his mother he immediately re- 
turned to America, coming to Los Angeles in 1891. 

In 1892 he was admitted to the bar before the 
Supreme Court of California. 

He has served two terms as trustee of the L. A. 
Bar Association, and was Lecturer on Corporations 
for the University of So. Cal. He is a director and 
attorney for the Park Bank of L. A., and president 
of the Dimond Estate Co. of S. F., a close corpora- 
tion having large real estate holdings in and near 
that city. He has been for many years legal ad- 
viser of the Catholic Bishops of Monterey and of 
Los Angeles. He is a member of the Knights of 
Columbus and of the California Club. 

An interesting phase of the history of the Mac- 
donald family is that for several generations they 
were under the displeasure of the present royal 
family on account of their adherence to the Stuart 
cause and the part they took in the Jacobite wars 
of 1715 and 1745. 



Mining Engineer, Los Angeles, 
California, was born in Bradford, 
England, June 23, 1877, the son 
of Joseph Souden Edmondson and 
Maria Louise (Wray) Edmondson. 
He married Louise M. Sahlberg of Osage City, 
Kansas,, at Santa Ana, California, May 25, 1909. 
Mr. Edmondson, who is one of the practical men 
of the mining world and an engineer of experience, 
has spent the greater part of 
his life in the United States. 
He was brought over here by 
his parents in childhood and 
spent his boyhood in the city 
of New York. He received 
his preliminary education in 
the public schools of the 
metropolis and followed this 
with two years' attendance 
at the College of the City of 
New York, in the civil en- 
gineering department. 

Leaving school when he 
was eighteen years of age, 
Mr. Edmondson went to the 
West and from that time 
down to date has been ac- 
tively engaged in mining 
work, holding at the present 
time commissions from one 
of the most successful min- 
ing corporations in the 
United States. From 1895 
to 1905 Mr. Edmondson was 
employed in various engineer- 
ing and mining operations, 
working in Alaska, Montana, 
Idaho, Oregon and other 

parts of the Northwest. He had charge of under- 
ground work, assaying and other branches of min- 
ing engineering in these different sections and 
also spent a large part of the ten years in the 
management of mines. 

By the year 1905 Mr. Edmondson was estab- 
lished as one of the expert metallurgical mining 
engineers of the country and in that year was 
appointed General Manager of the Parral Corpora- 
tion, Limited, which owned extensive mining prop- 
erty in Parral, State of Chihuahua, Mexico, and 
served in this capacity for more than a year. At 
the same time he was Consulting Engineer for the 
Balsas Valley Company, operating in Mexico- 
Resigning his commission with the Parral Cor- 
poration, Mr. Edmondson took up the duties of 
General Superintendent and Constructing Engineer 
for the Rio Plata Mining Company. This com- 
pany owns valuable silver deposits In Chihuahua 
and Mr. Edmondson had charge of the construc- 
tion of the plant which has turned out a large 


amount of silver bullion in the last few years. 
In 1907, his work completed for the Rio Plata 
Mining Co., Mr. Edmondson accepted the position 
as Manager for the Quebradillas mine, mill and 
smelter in Parral and operated the work for more 
than a year. In addition to his duties in his posi- 
tion, Mr. Edmondson maintained a general practice 
as Consulting Engineer and made examinations for 
various mining interests in Mexico. 

The Rio Plata Mining Company offering him the 
position of General Superin- 
tendent of its property in 
1909, Mr. Edmondson ac- 
cepted it and has been with 
the company continually 
since. For the first two 
years after rejoining the 
company he spent practically 
all of his time at the mines 
in Mexico, but in 1911, with 
the work of Consulting Engi- 
neer added to his responsi- 
bilities, his field was greatly 
enlarged and for about a 
year he has been engaged in 
mine examinations for his 
company, not only in Mex- 
ico, but in sections of the 
United States and Canada. 
In this work Mr. Edmondson 
has been in close associa- 
tion with D. W. Shanks, Vice 
President and General Man- 
ager of the company, and 
one of the successful mining 
operators of the United 
States. It was largely 
through the efforts of Mr. 
Shanks and the men he 

gathered around him that the Rio Plata was placed 
among the paying properties of Mexico. 

It is worthy of note in connection with this prop- 
erty that Pasqual Orozco, leader of the revolution 
of 1912 against the Madero Government in Mexico, 
was a freight contractor engaged in the transporta- 
tion of silver ore from the mine just prior to the 
revolutionary outbreak in 1910 which resulted in 
the overthrow of Diaz. 

Mr. Edmondson, who is a giant in physique, has 
had a picturesque career in Mexico, where war and 
rebellion have existed all around the scene of his 
operations, but dislikes reference to this phase of 
his life. He prefers to be known for his profes- 
sion only and in this he has attained a splendid 

He is a member of the American Institute of 
Mining Engineers and of the Mexican Institute 
of Mining Metallurgy of Mexico City. He is also 
prominent in Masonic circles, with the Thirty-second 
Degree rank, and is a Noble of the Mystic Shrine- 



DALL, President, Southern 
Counties Gas Company, Los 
Angeles, California, was born 
at Chatham, New York, May 
3, 1861, the son of Milton Bain and Charlotte 
M. (Nash) Bain. He has been twice mar- 
ried, his first wife having been Hattie J. 
Kenworthy, whom he married at Pough- 
keepsie, New York, De- 
cember 9, 1885. To them 
there were born three 
daughters, Ethel, Mary 
and Kathleen Bain. His 
second wife was Ger- 
trude M. Benchley-Miller, 
whom he married in New 
York City, February 1, 

Mr. Bain received his 
preliminary education in 
private schools of Dover 
Plains, New York, and 
was graduated from 
Bishop's Preparatory 
School at Poughkeepsie, 
New York, in 1878. His 
parents dying that year, 
he gave up his plans for 
a college career and en- 
gaged in the real estate 
and investment business 
in Poughkeepsie. 

Mr. Bain was engaged 
in this field for about 
twenty-five years and 
during that time was one 
of the prominent figures in the financial and 
political life of the city. Early in his career 
he purchased the street railway system of 
Poughkeepsie, known as the Poughkeepsie 
and Wappingers Falls Railroad and served 
for two years as its President and General 
Manager. He sold the property to another 
syndicate at that time and shortly afterward, 
in company with Former Governor Benjamin 
. Odell, Jr., of Newburgh, purchased the 
Electric Light and Gas Company of New- 
burgh, New York. He was elected President 
of this corporation and served in that capac- 
ity for a year, when he sold his interest in 
order to look after other affairs. 

From this time on Mr. Bain branched out 
in various financial lines and for many years 
was one of the conspicuous figures in bank- 
ing, realty, railroad and other utility corpo- 
rations. He held the office of President for 
two years in the Poughkeepsie Gas and Elec- 


trie Company and for several years after 
leaving that office retained a large interest in 
the company. While he was President of 
the company he also held the same office in 
the Varick Realty Company, which owned a 
square block of property in New York's busi- 
ness district, the site of one of the largest 
mercantile buildings in the metropolis. He 
maintained offices at 35 Wall street. 

He still had extensive 
interests in Poughkeepsie 
and other parts of New 
York at this time, being 
a director in the Farmers 
and Manufacturers' Na- 
tional Bank of that city 
and an officer in various 
other corporations. In 
1904 his New York busi- 
ness had increased to 
such an extent he was 
compelled to relinquish 
his real estate and invest- 
ment enterprises in 
Poughkeepsie, with the 
exception of the gas and 
bank holdings, and trans- 
fer his headquarters to 
New York City. 

For about seven years 
he was practically inac- 
tive and spent this time 
principally in traveling 
Europe. He purchased a 
large interest in the 
Southern Counties Gas 
Company, a corporation 
which had taken in many of the gas plants of 
the Southern part of California, and was 
elected Vice President and General Manager. 
Within a short time he was elected President 
of the company. 

In Poughkeepsie Mr. Bain was active in 
civic affairs, was elected a member of the 
Board of Aldermen in 1886 and re-elected in 
1888. At the expiration of his second term 
he was elected Supervisor for two years. 

In 1894 he was appointed City Assessor for 
the purpose of reorganizing the assessment 
system of the city and held the office two 
years. He was Secretary for fourteen years 
of the Dutchess County Agricultural Society, 
resigning when he moved to New York City. 
Mr. Bain is a member of the Down Town 
Club, and the Republican Club of New York ; 
the Gamut, L. A. Country Club and the Un- 
ion League of Los Angeles; also the L. A. 
Chamber of Commerce. 



AY, CASSIUS MASON, Refrigerat- 
ing Engineer and Inventor, Los 
Angeles, California, was born at 
North East, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 17, 1862, the son of Ira R. 
Gay and Diana (Mason) Gay. He 
married Julia I. Fessenden at Chicago, Illinois, 
September 20, 1885, and to them there have been 
born six children, Byron S., Norman H., Ira F., 
Edith A., Bertha A. and Cassias- Mason Gay, Jr. 

Mr. Gay received a public 
school education, graduating 
from the Westfleld, New 
York, High School in 1880, 
and followed this with a 
year's study at Bryant & 
Stratton's Commercial Col- 
lege, Buffalo, New York, and 
later took a post-graduate 
course in mathematics and 
physics under a private tu- 

His father being engaged 
in the flour milling business, 
Mr. Gay's first work was in 
that line. After remaining 
in that business for some 
time, he left his father to be- 
come Secretary to the Gen- 
eral Manager of the Flint & 
Pere Marquette Railroad. He 
remained in that capacity un- 
til 1884, when he resigned to 
take a position with the Con- 
solidated Ice Machine Com- 
pany of Chicago. He was 
with this concern about six 

years- then, in 1890, organized C. M. GAY 

the Carthage Ice & Cold 

Storage Company, at Carthage Mo. Mr. Gay held 
the controlling interest in the company and also 
served as General Manager. In 1893 he sold his 
interest and went to Winfield, Kansas, where he 
organized the Winfield Ice & Cold Storage Com- 

This company he conducted until 1895 and then 
sold out to J. P. Baden, at the same time being 
appointed Manager of the Baden interests. The 
capital of the Company being steadily increased, 
its operations were similarly broadened until, in 
1900, the produce business it handled was the 
largest of any plant in the West. While manag- 
ing the Winfield business Mr. Gay had, in 1896, 
designed and erected the Southern Ice & Cold 
Storage Company's plant at Fort Worth, Texas. 
In 1897, Mr. Gay went abroad and investigated 
the development and practice of Refrigeration in 
foreign countries. 

In 1900 Mr. Gay severed his connection with the 
Baden interests to become Manager of the Pitts- 
burg office of The Vilter Manufacturing Company, 

of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He also acted as Con- 
sulting Engineer and Refrigerating Expert for the 
Company, maintaining his headquarters in Pitts- 
burg until the year 1905, when he transferred to 
Los Angeles as General Coast Representative for 
his Company. There he has taken a leading po- 
sition among professional men. 

In 1907, Mr. Gay was sought out by the Santa 
Fe Railroad Company to solve the problem of pre- 
cooling fruits directly in cars so that they could 
be transported great dis- 
tances. He conducted a se- 
ries of experiments and other 
investigations into the condi- 
tions of railroad refrigerator 
service, and the result was 
the designing and patent- 
ing by him of a system of 
pre-cooling in cars which 
upon trial proved so entirely 
successful that the Santa Fe 
Railroad adopted his designs 
and patents and built a great 
pre-cooling and icing station 
at San Bernardino, Cali- 
fornia. This plant was de- 
signed and constructed by 
Mr. Gay. It has an ice-mak- 
ing capacity of 80,000 tons 
of ice per annum, ice storage 
capacity of 30,000 tons, a 
pre-cooling capacity of 120 
cars per day, and a car icing 
capacity of 240 cars per day. 
Experts acknowledge this 
to be the largest and most 
efficient plant of its kind in 
the world, and the pre-cool- 
ing of fruits by the train- 
load prior to their being shipped to distant 
markets marked an epoch in the history of trans- 
portation. Mr. Gay, with his system of balanced 
air circulation in cars, not only shortened the time 
of handling and transportation of perishable fruits, 
but also made certain the preservation of their 
fresh qualities. This means much to California, 
adding greatly to the value of her large fruit 

For many years a contributor to leading en- 
gineering journals and a recognized authority in 
refrigeration, his inventions in the new field of 
railroad pre-cooling work has placed him in the 
first rank as a successful pioneer and inventor in 
this field. 

Mr. Gay is a member of the International and 
American Association of Refrigerating Engineers. 
He is also a member of the Los Angeles Chamber 
of Commerce and in fraternal circles is a Thirty- 
second Degree Mason. His clubs are the Los An- 
geles Athletic and the Athenian, of Oakland, Cali- 



ceased), Ironmaster, Mechanical 
Engineer and Ship Builder, San 
Francisco, CaL, was born at "He- 
bron Mills," Baltimore County, 
Maryland, December 25, 1837. He 
was the son of John and Elizabeth (Littig) Scott 
and the great-great-grandson of Abraham and Eliza- 
beth Dyer Scott, who emigrated to America from 
Cumberland, England, in 1722, bringing a certificate 
of good standing in the Eng- 
lish Society of Friends. Abra- 
ham Scott purchased a tract 
of land in Maryland, known 
as "Old Regulation," from 
Lord Baltimore in 1723, and 
there established a grist 
mill, a fulling mill, a tan 
yard and store, and from 
these mills the place became 
known as "Hebron Mills," 
and there Irving Murray 
Scott was born one hundred 
and fifteen years after his 
ancestor came to America, 
and there his sister still re- 

He married Laura Hord, 
daughter of John Redd and 
Seaneth Tennis of Kentucky, 
October 7, 1863, and is sur- 
vived by two children, Alice 
Webb and Laurance Irving 

From "Old Nick," the 
miller at Hebron Mills, he 
first acquired a taste for 
knowledge and mechanics. 

He attended the public 
schools and later the Milton 
Academy, where he studied 
for three years under John 
Emerson Lamb. Leaving 
there, he declined his 
father's offer of a profes- 
sional course, preferring mechanics, and he accord- 
ingly was apprenticed to Obed Hussey, of Balti- 
more, inventor of the reaping machine, with whom 
he learned the engineering and wood-working 
trades. Completing this, he worked for several 
years in Baltimore supervising the construction of 
engines, meantime devoting his leisure to study. 
He enrolled in the Mechanics' Institute, dividing 
his time between mechanical drawing, German and 
lectures. In 1860 Mr. Scott was engaged as a 
draughtsman by the Union Iron Works of San 
Francisco, which at that time employed only 22 
men, and was chiefly engaged in manufacture of 
mining machinery. In 1861 became chief draughts- 
man, and in 1863 a partner in business, with posi- 
tion of Superintendent, which was later changed to 
Gen. Mgr., a post he held until his death. Under 
his guidance the Union Iron Works became a mam- 
moth iron and ship building concern, with millions 
of capital and thousands of men in its employ. 

In 1880 Mr. Scott made a trip around the world 
with James Fair, studying closely the shipyards of 
England and France. When he returned he practi- 
cally rebuilt the Union Iron Plant in San Francisco, 
and in 1884, when it became a corporation, he 
caused shipbuilding to be made a part of its work. 
In addition to private vessels, it has built numerous 


warships for the United States and other govern- 
ments. The battleship "Oregon," at the time of its 
completion one of the most powerful battleships in 
the world, was its product. In 1898 Mr. Scott went 
to St. Petersburg to advise the Russian Govern- 
ment on battleship construction. 

Mr. Scott was largely interested in banking, 
mining and other fields, and to him was largely due 
the development of the Clipper Gap Iron Co., one of 
the richest in California. Incidentally he was the 
inventor of improved cut-off 
engines and other machines, 
and designed the machinery 
for the famous Comstock 
Mines. He was vitally inter- 
ested in educational, histori- 
cal and literary affairs; was 
president of the Art Associa- 
tion of the Mechanics' Insti- 
tute; regent of the Univer- 
sity of California; trustee of 
the Leland Stanford, Jr., 
University and the Free Li- 
brary; president of the S. F. 
Art Association, Washington 
Irving Literary Society, Addi- 
sonian Literary Society and 
the Howard Street Literary 
Society, and in 1880 was pres- 
ident of the Authors' Carni- 
val. He served several terms 
as president of Mechanics' In- 
stitute. He was a fluent writ- 
er and has contributed to 
magazines upon labor and 
other subjects. As early as 
1869 Mr. Scott won the com- 
mendation of William Sew- 
ard for an address delivered 
before the Mechanics' Insti- 
tute, and in later years was 
a popular speaker at public 
gatherings and patriotic 
events, having delivered ora- 
tions at the unveiling of 

statues to Francis Scott Key and Starr King in 
Golden Gate Park, San Francisco. He was a mem- 
ber of the State Prison Board under Governor 
Stoneman, and member of the staff of Governor 
Perkins of California. 

He was at one time a candidate for the State 
Senate. He also served as president, in 1891, of the 
Cal. Commission to the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion. In 1892 he made a second trip to Europe. 

He was nominated for State Senator and dele- 
gate to form the State Constitution; member of the 
Freeholders to form Charter of San Francisco, 1895; 
appointed member of the Hundred to formulate a 
Charter for S. F., 1896; elected Rep. presidential 
elector, 1886; Pres., Commercial Museum of S. F., 
1900; Chairman of Committee to receive President 
McKinley, 1901; spoken of for Vice President of the 
United States during McKinley's campaign for 
President; made Doctor of Philosophy by Santa 
Clara College for distinguished services to the State 
in 1901. 

He was a member of the Pacific-Union, Bur- 
lingame, Army and Navy, University, Bohemian, 
Union League, Press Clubs and Society of the 
American Wars, of San Francisco, and the Lawyers' 
Club and National Arts Society of New York. 
Mr. Scott died in San Francisco, April 28, 1903. 






torney, Capitalist, Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia, was born at Salem, Ohio, 
August 28, 1832, the son of Dr. 
Benjamin Stanton and Martha 
(Townsend) Stanton. He has been 
twice married, his first wife having been Ellen K. 
Irish, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, whom he wed 
in 1870. She died in 1897, leaving him a daughter, 
Emily Stanton, now Mrs. Oliver S. Picher, wife of 
the General Manager of the Picher Lead Works, 
Joplin, Missouri. He married a second time in 
1903, his wife being Mrs. Sophronia (Harbaugh) 

Mr. Stanton attended the primary schools near 
his home until he was sixteen years of age and for 
the next three years attended a select school. At 
the age of nineteen he determined upon civil en- 
gineering as a profession and took a position as 
rodman in a corps engaged in surveying what is 
now the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad, 
through Ohio and Indiana. He gave this up at the 
end of three years, however, and turned his atten- 
tion to the study of law in the Cincinnati Law 

Admitted to the bar of Ohio in 1859, immediately 
following his graduation, Mr. Stanton opened 
offices in Cincinnati for the practice of his profes- 
sion, and during the sixteen years he remained in 
practice was one of the prominent attorneys of Cin- 
cinnati. He allied himself with the Republican 
party early in his career and two years after he 
entered professional ranks was elected to the State 
Legislature as the representative of his district. 
Mr. Stanton served three terms in the Ohio House, 
from 1861 to 1867, and during that time took a 
leading part in the handling of various important 
legislative acts. He was a member of the Judiciary 
Committee and was Chairman of the Committee on 
Public Schools of the House. The period during 
which he served in the Legislature was one of the 
most important in its history. He figured in two 
notable Senatorial contests, casting his vote for 
Benjamin F. Wade on one occasion and for John 
Sherman on another in their contests for seats in 
the United States Senate. 

In 1867, upon his retirement from public life, 
Mr. Stanton resumed the active practice of his 
profession in Cincinnati and continued it until 1875, 
when, on account of failing health, he closed his 
offices and moved to New Brighton, Pennsylvania. 
After three years there he moved to Sewickley, 
near Pittsburg. He lived there for several years 
and took an active interest in the welfare of the 
town, serving two terms as Burgess. The improve- 
ments he made to his home place in Sewickley fur- 
nished the inspiration to other property owners 
and resulted in the establishment of a beautiful 
residence district. In Pittsburg, Mr. Stanton 
erected the Stanton Building, then one of the large 
and substantial office buildings of that city. 

During a visit to Southern California in 1889, 
Mr. Stanton spent some time at Pasadena and be- 
came so charmed with the country that he pur- 
chased Grace Hill, the site of his present home, 
comprising thirteen acres of land. He erected his 
residence there in 1890 and since that time has 
made it his home. When he first saw the place 
the possibilities of it appealed to him, but the 
property had only been slightly improved. During 
the twenty-two years that have elapsed, however, 
he has improved it each year with the result that 
Grace Hill is one of the beautiful private residence 
parks of the country. It consists of a splendid 
sweep of land, rising to an elevation, which gives 
a commanding view of the picturesque country sur- 
rounding it. 

When he first took possession of Grace Hill, Mr. 
Stanton planted rows of ornamental and fruit trees 
and through the careful handling of a corps of gar- 
deners the homestead has been transformed into a 
place of beauty with acres of green lawn, orchards 
and many varieties of flora. 

From the time he located in Pasadena, Mr. 
Stanton took an active interest in the affairs of the 
town and has been one of its ardent upbuilders, 
having seen it change from a village into a modern 
city, noted for the number and magnificence of its 
mansions, and become the winter rendezvous of 
wealthy tourists from all parts of the world. 

Mr. Stanton had faith in the future of the city 
from the day he first saw it and during the years 
that have intervened was one of the active oper- 
ators in real estate, with the result that he is 
a heavy landowner. He bought and still owns the 
Stanton Building, in the business center of Pasa- 
dena, and also has other interests. 

Of recent years, Mr. Stanton has led a retired 
life, but formerly was active in various lines. 
Among his affiliations was the Pasadena National 
Bank, of which he was Vice President and Director 
for many years. 

From the time when he, as Chairman of the 
Committee on Public Schools in the Legislature of 
Ohio, led in the inauguration of improvements in 
the school system of that State, Mr. Stanton has 
been an advocate of educational advancement and 
he had only been in Pasadena a few years when 
he was elected to the Board of Trustees of Throop 
Polytechnic Institute, an educational institution 
located there. He served for more than ten years, 
resigning in 1908 when he gave up his other public 
duties. Mr. Stanton is esteemed by the people of 
Pasadena as one of the city's strongest and most 
public-spirited citizens and, having followed the 
precepts of his Quaker ancestors, is noted among 
his fellowmen for his fair dealing and sense of 

He has splendid business and social standing, 
and is a member of the Valley Hunt Club, of Pasa- 
dena, and affiliated with the Masonic fraternity as 
a member of Corona Lodge, No. 324, F. & A. M. 



FRED, Chief Geologist of the 
Associated Oil Company of 
San Francisco, was born in 
San Francisco, August 25, 
1880, the son of William Alfred and Lucy A. 
(Goodell) Williams. His paternal ancestors 
were large land owners in Devonshire, Eng- 
land, while on his mother's side he is descended 
from the Griswolds, a 
prominent New England 
family. His father came 
to America in 1863, first 
settling in New Hamp- 
shire, where he was well 
known as a raiser of fancy 
stock, but subsequently 
moved to California to 
take charge of the New 
England colony at Fresno, 
an intention which, how- 
ever, was never realized. 

W. A. Williams at- 
tended various primary 
and grammar schools in 
San Francisco and San 
Miguel, San Luis Obispo 
County, was graduated in 
1899 from the Paso Robles 
High School, entered Stan- 
ford University in the fall 
of that year, and in 1903 
took therefrom his A. B. 
degree in geology and 
mining. In 1902 and 1903 
he was appointed assistant 
instructor there in miner- 


States. Early in 1906 he became mill fore- 
man under Mr. W. A. Pomeroy in Chihuahua, 
Mexico, and later was mine foreman for the 
same company. After two years of this ex- 
perience he returned to California, where, in 
September, 1908, he entered the employ of the 
Associated Oil Company as geologist, under 
W. R. Hamilton. 

Until 1910, when Mr. Williams was ap- 
pointed chief geologist, 
his field experience as a 
geologist covered work in 
California, Texas, Mexico 
and South America. As 
chief geologist he reports 
on lands submitted to the 
company for its considera- 
tion, and assists in the 
acquired properties. He 
has continued the work of 
mapping geologically a 
large part of the state and 
working in detail the geol- 
ogy of the possible oil ter- 
ritory as outlined by his 
predecessor. As a result 
of these labors it is prob- 
able that the Associated 
Oil Company has avail- 
able the most nearly com- 
plete first-hand geological 
knowledge not only of the 
oil fields of California, but 
also of the state as a whole. 
In all this Mr. Williams 
has been ably assisted by 
an efficient staff both in 

alogy, field geology and topographical survey- 
ing, a valuable training of which he has since 
made excellent use. 

In the fall of 1903 he entered the service of 
the United States Geological Survey as field 
assistant, under F. L. Ransome, who was at 
that time working in the Couer d'Alene dis- 
trict, Idaho ; and the next year he was engaged 
on the Santa Cruz Quadrangle, in California, 
under Dr. J. C. Branner. 

Mr. Williams was in the employ of the 
Guggenheim interests in 1904, under Mr. O. B. 
Perry. He left to accept a position with Horace 
Pomeroy, then superintendent of the King of 
Arizona Gold Mine in Yuma County, Arizona. 
Then followed several years of practical expe- 
rience in different mines in Nevada, Arizona, 
Montana and Idaho, wherein he worked in 
various capacities, both in mine and mill, and 
obtained a knowledge of mining and milling 
methods in vogue in the Western United 

the office and in the field. 

He has also one of the most extensive oil 
libraries on the Pacific Coast, for which he has 
a complete index system whereby every article 
of importance published on the subject of pe- 
troleum is readily available for reference. A 
fair measure of the great success he has at- 
tained is the recognized standing of his depart- 
ment today among prominent oil men, and 
ample evidence of the trustworthiness of his 
judgment is found in the many satisfactory 
reports he has made to his company. 

Mr. Williams is not only conservative in 
his professional duties, but also in his private 
and social life. While at Stanford he was a 
non-fraternity man, and has since remained 
aloof from clubs, determined to give the best 
that is in him to attain the greatest measure 
of success possible. The only organization of 
which he is a member is the American Society 
of Mining Engineers. 




Capitalist, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born at Walnut 
Prairie, Clark County, Illinois, 
July 26, 1843. His father was 
Charles Drake and his mother before 
her marriage was Mahala Jane Jeter. His 
paternal line traces back to the gallant 
commander, Sir Francis Drake. Mr. Drake's 
wife was Mrs. Kate As- 
trea Seeley, whom he 
married in Tucson, Ari- 
zona, April 30, 1890; as 
issue of this marriage is 
Marguerite Rivers Drake. 
Mr. Drake has been twice 
married, his first wife 
having been Agripine 
Moreno, whom he mar- 
ried in Tucson, Arizona, 
in July of 1872. Of this 
union were born Jean 
G., William Lord, Albert 
Garfield, Elizabeth Jane 
and Pinita Rivers Drake. 
Mr. Drake had a pub- 
lic school education and 
at an early age began his 
conquest of fortune, 
which he soon achieved. 
He is a man whose name 
is synonymous with the 
upbuilding of the West, 
particularly of Arizona. 

Mr. Drake began his 
business life by qualify- 
ing as drug clerk, which 
occupation he filled until 1863, when he en- 
tered the United States Navy, volunteer ser- 
vice, beginning with the post of acting mas- 
ter's mate in the War of the Rebellion, 1863 
to 1865. During his enlistment he served in 
the Mississippi Squadron under Admiral D. 
D. Porter. At the end of the war he re- 
signed and re-entered his former occupation 
in New York. Later he was made hospital 
steward in the United States Army service, 
and was assigned to duty under General 
Crook, then commanding the Department of 
Arizona, where in 1871 he was stationed at 
Fort Lowell, Tucson. In 1875 he retired to 
civil life and took up his residence at Tucson, 
where he was made Assistant Postmaster 
and Assistant United States Depositary, un- 
til 1880. In 1881 he was elected County Re- 
corder of Pima County, and was again chosen 
for that office in 1883. During those years 
he conducted a general insurance, brokerage 


and real estate business throughout Arizona. 
While conducting his insurance and brok- 
erage business, Colonel Drake was appointed 
by President Harrison to the office of Re- 
ceiver of Public Moneys at the U. S. Land 
office in Tucson. During his residence of 
thirty years in Arizona he filled innumerable 
political positions, including two elections to 
the Territorial Senate and as president of 
that body. 

In 1893 Colonel Drake 
organized the famous firm 
in the Southwest of Nor- 
ton & Drake, associating 
himself with the late 
Major John H. Norton. 
This concern undertook 
labor contracts for the 
Southern Pacific Com- 
pany, and through that 
business and numerous 
other investments Colonel 
Drake amassed a reason- 
able fortune and moved to 
Los Angeles in 1900 with 
the intention of living a 
retired life, but he saw so 
many opportunities for 
his talents that he found 
it hard to break away 
from his life training, and 
as a result has continued 
in active business life. 

His principal efforts 
since moving to Los An- 
geles have been along 
lines of development in 
and about Long Beach, the popular and sub- 
stantial beach city. Through his investments 
he has become one of the most vitally inter- 
ested men in the upbuilding of that city. 

Since locating in Los Angeles Colonel 
Drake has become president, general man- 
ager and director of the Seaside Water Com- 
pany, and occupies the same positions with 
the San Pedro Water Company, the Long 
Beach Bath House and Amusement Com- 
pany and the Seaside Investment Company, 
the corporation which owns and operates the 
great Virginia Hotel of Long Beach, which is 
undoubtedly the finest example of a beach 
hotel on the Pacific Coast. 

He is a member of the California Club, 
Los Angeles Country Club, Chamber of Com- 
merce of Los Angeles, Chamber of Commerce 
of Long Beach, Hotel Virginia Country Club, 
Order of Elks, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fel- 
lows and Ancient Order of United Workmen. 



FRANCIS, Attorney-at-Law, 
San Francisco, Cal., was born 
in Weymouth, Mass., Feb. 22, 
1856, the son of Archibald 
Morrison and Ellen (Hart) Morrison. As he 
came to San Francisco in 1864, when he was 
eight years old, and has grown up with the 
city, he is generally regarded as a true San 
Franciscan. On April 
27, 1893, he was married, 
at Turner, Oregon, to 
Miss May B. Treat. 

After a course in the 
public schools of San 
Francisco he attended the 
Boys' High School, from 
1872 to 1874, and then 
entered the University of 
California, from which 
he was graduated A. B. 
with the Class of 78. In 
1881 he took the degree 
of LL. B. from the Has- 
tings College of the Law 
and began the active 
practice of his profes- 

While he was a stu- 
dent at Hastings he sup- 
plemented his studies 
with some practical ex- 
perience in the law office 
of Cope & Boyd, and not 
long after his admission 
to the bar, in 1881, he 
formed a partnership 
with Thomas V. O'Brien, under the name of 
O'Brien & Morrison. In 1889 this was 
changed to O'Brien, Morrison & Dainger- 

Two years later Mr. Morrison withdrew 
from this firm and formed an alliance with 
the late C. E. A. Foerster, which continued 
until the latter's death, in 1898. 

Hon. W. B. Cope having joined the firm 
in 1896, the title remained Morrison & Cope 
until 1906, when it became Morrison, Cope 
& Brobeck, and on the death of Judge Cope, 
in 1908, Morrison & Brobeck. The present 
firm of Morrison, Dunne & Brobeck was 
formed in 1910. 

During these years Mr. Morrison's prac- 
tice has been of a general nature, but chieflj 
in corporation law, wherein his skill and 
character have won him an unusual degree 
of respect and confidence. Almost from the 
start he has had charge of cases involving 


important questions and interests. Con- 
spicuous among these was his attorneyship 
for the settlement of the George Crocker 
Trust, and also for the estate of Col. Charles 
F. Crocker. 

His identification with the Crocker inter- 
ests, especially as they relate to the public, 
was still more prominent in the part he 
played in the proceedings whereby the debt 
of the Central Pacific 
Railroad Company was 
readjusted and the prop- 
erty of that company ac- 
quired by the Southern 

In fact, his success in 
bringing about settle- 
ments and relations as 
harmonious and satisfac- 
tory as the conditions 
will permit has been as 
pronounced as is his rep- 
utation for diffidence and 

Mr. Morrison's special 
hobby is historical read- 
ing, and in the pursuit 
thereof he has collected 
what is probably the 
largest private library of 
historical works to be 
found in the State. It 
comprises more than ten 
thousand well selected 

Among the various 
corporations of which he 

is a director are the Crocker Estate Com- 
pany, the Crocker, Huffman Land ind 
Water Company, the Crocker National 
Bank of San Francisco, the Western Sugar 
Refining Company, the Spreckels Sugar 
Company, the National Ice and Cold Storage 
Company, the Parrafine Paint Company and 

Mr. Morrison is a member of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association, the Pacific Coast 
Historical Society, the California Academy 
of Sciences, the National Geographical So- 
ciety, the American Academy of Political 
and Social Science and the American Eco- 
nomic Society. In each of these organiza- 
tions, which have for the objects modern ac- 
complishment, Mr. Morrison is an enthusi- 
astic worker and takes an active part. 

He is a member of the Pacific-Union 
Club, the University Club, the Commercial 
Club and the University of California. 



CIL, Consulting Engineer, 
Los Angeles, California, is 
a native of Viroqua, Wis- 
consin, where he wa born 
May 5, 1865. His father was Thurston 
Finkle and his mother was Sophia (Mich- 
elet) Finkle, a descendant of the cele- 
brated French historian, Jules Michelet. 

Mr. Finkle was mar- 
ried on September 18, 
1901, in San Francisco, to 
Miss Priscilla Ann Jones, 
a son being born of the 
union, Frederick Cecil 
Finkle, Jr. 

After graduating from 
the public schools of his 
native town, Mr. Finkle 
took a special course of 
engineering at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, ex- 
tending from 1882 until 
1887, when he came to 
California, settling at San 
Bernardino, where he at 
once plunged into impor- 
tant engineering employ- 

From 1887 until 1888 
he was chief engineer for 
the North Riverside Land 
and Water Company, the 
Jarupa Land and Water 
Company, and the Vivi- 
enda Water Company, for 
irrigation systems costing 
approximately six hundred thousand dollars. 

From 1889 to 1893 he was city engineer 
of San Bernardino, during the construction 
of the water works, of streets, and many 
other municipal improvements, and at the 
same time as consulting engineer for the 
State of California for water works and for 
sewer systems for state institutions. 

From 1893 to 1897 Mr. Finkle was chief 
engineer for the East Riverside Irrigation 
district, the Riverside-Highland Water Com- 
pany and the Grapeland Irrigation district, 
and from 1897 to 1906 he served notably as 
chief engineer for the Southern California 
Edison Company and allied concerns, in 
charge of designs and construction of seven 
hydro-electric power plants costing ten mil- 
lion dollars. 

Since 1906 Mr. Finkle has been retained 
as consulting engineer and expert in hy- 
draulic work 'for a score of irrigation and 


water supply companies in California, Ore- 
gon, Colorado, Arizona, Mexico and other 
regions. He is consulting engineer for thirty 
or more large corporations, partly mutual 
water companies and partly public service 
corporations. Among these are: All the 
mutual water companies in the Imperial 
Valley, Cal. ; the Southern California Edison 
Company, Arrowhead Reservoir and Power 
Company, Redlands and 
Yucaipa Land and Water 
Company, Mount Hood 
Railway and Power Com- 
pany of Portland, Ore., 
and many others. 

Mr. Finkle's most im- 
portant works and those 
which have attracted 
world-wide attention are 
the Kern River plant No. 
1 of the Edison Company, 
the largest impulse water 
wheel plant in the world; 
Mill Creek No. 3 plant of 
the Edison Company, op- 
erating under nearly 
2000 foot head, and Ar- 
rowhead Dam at 'Little 
Bear Valley, the highest 
earth dam in the world. 

Mr. Finkle ranks as 
one of but few men who 
are considered the high- 
est authorities on hy- 
draulic power, irrigation 
and domestic water sup- 
ply, and hydrographic 
geology in the world. He has contributed 
somewhat to engineering publications on 
these subjects. 

He built and owns the Finkle Building, 
Los Angeles, a beautiful eight-story rein- 
forced concrete structure occupied by the 
Hotel Snow ; he owns the Monitor Apart- 
ments at Ocean Park and other properties. 

As a conservative Democrat Mr. Finkle 
has taken occasional interest in politics. He 
belongs to the American Institute of Electri- 
cal Engineers, the American Society of Irri- 
gation Engineers, the So. Cal. Engineers and 
Architects' Association and the So. Cal. Chap- 
ter of the American Institute of Electrical En- 
gineers. He is a member of the California 
Club of Los Angeles, the Bohemia Club and 
Sierra Club of San Francisco, the Denver 
Club of Denver, the Automobile Club of So. 
Cal., and the Automobile Association of 



torney-at-Law, Los Angeles, 
California, a native of Lon- 
don, England, was born in 
1863, on April 26; his parents 
were Nathaniel Edmund Goudge and Agnes 
(Bateman) Goudge. 

He was married on February 1, 1891, to 
Miss Nellie Agnes Tighe, in Los Angeles. 

Mr. and Mrs. Goudge 
have three children: 
Agnes, George Philip 
and Mildred Goudge. 

He attended first the 
City of London School, 
then the City of London 
College, and then Kings 
College in London, fol- 
lowing a course of legal 
studies, for which he had 
a natural inclination. 

But finding his health 
failing, he was forced to 
forego the professional 
career contemplated and 
begin a quest for 
strength, one that hap- 
pily proved eminently 

He spent two years in 
travel about his own 
country and on the con- 
tinent of Europe, after- 
wards coming to New 
York, where a branch of 
his family have lived for 
generations. There he 


Almost immediately (1894) he was ad- 
mitted to practice before the Supreme Court 
of the State of California, and in 1907 he at- 
tained the right to appear before the highest 
tribunal of the country and successfully ar- 
gued his first case before the United States 
Supreme Court. 

Soon after his admission to the California 
bar Mr. Goudge found that his business 
grew so rapidly that 
he was encouraged to 
place himself in a larger 
circle and more pro- 
nounced center of affairs, 
so he removed to Los 
Angeles in 1895, where 
he engaged in the 
practice of his profes- 

He took a decided in- 
terest in municipal af- 
fairs, and was led to ac- 
cept the position of First 
Assistant City Attorney 
in 1901, a place that he 
continued to fill with 
credit to himself and val- 
uable results to the city 
until 1906. 

During his term -of of- 
fice Mr. Goudge distin- 
guished himself by his 
work in connection w^th 
the legislation required 
by the tremendous 
growth of the city. 

Both in construc- 

remained for a short time and then projected a 
lengthy journey to Panama, which he under- 
took and which led him later to the west 
coast of Central America and Mexico, and 
finally to San Francisco, where he arrived in 

California presented its varied attrac- 
tions and resources to him, and after travers- 
ing the State from San Francisco to San 
Diego, with a view to a life in the open, he 
entered farming, moving to Ventura County, 
where he set out a very large tract of land 
to citrus and deciduous fruits. 

While pursuing the life of a farmer with 
a high degree of success, Mr. Goudge 
found the lure of the law still insistent, and 
he resumed his readings and studies, adapt- 
ing himself readily to the requirements of 
the profession as existing in California, and 
was admitted to practice in the Superior 
Courts of Ventura County in 1893. 

tive legislation and in the presentation 
of such matters before the Senate and 
Assembly at Sacramento Mr. Goudge 
proved of great worth to the community. 
He played ?. prominent part in many impor- 
tant events in the history of the city, such as 
the taking over of the City Water Company's 
plant, the acquisition of the Owens River 
water rights and the preservation of the Los 
Angeles River bed from private exploitation. 
On his retirement from office Mr. Goudge 
became a member of the new firm of Coch- 
ran, Williams, Goudge and Chandler, which 
after the retirement of Mr. George I. Coch- 
ran from practice became Williams, Goudge 
and Chandler. He is a director of the Home 
Savings Bank and president of the Cotenants 
Co. He is a member of the Southwest So- 
ciety, Archaeological Institute of America 
and L. A. County Horticultural Society, the 
California, Union League and Sunset Clubs. 



OOD, WILLIAM, Chief En- 
gineer of the Southern Pacific 
Company, San Francisco, Cal- 
ifornia, was born at Concord, 
New Hampshire, Feb. 4, 
1846, the son of Joseph Edward Hood and 
Maria (Savage) Hood, His ancestors, who 
were chiefly English, with a blend of Scotch, 
were among the early settlers of New Eng- 
land, his father's family 
choosing Massachusetts, 
and his mother's people 
Vermont, as their respec- 
tive places of residence. 
Joseph E. Hood, a grad- 
uate of Dartmouth, with 
the class of '41, was a 
well-known journalist in 
New England, and for 
sixteen years an editorial 
writer of the Springfield 
Republican. Coming of 
clean, wholesome, sturdy 
stock, on both sides of 
the house, William Hood 
has evidently inherited 
the essentially New Eng- 
land characteristics of en- 
ergy, ambition, and con- 
scientious devotion to the 
work in hand. 

From the time he was 
eight years old to the out- 
break of the Civil War he 
attended public schools in 
Boston and in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. Not 
long after the beginning of hostilities he en- 
listed as a private soldier in Company A, 46th 
Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, and 
not only carried, but also fired a musket, 
through the war, until shortly after the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg. He then returned home 
to complete his education. Though he had 
been prepared for the academic course his 
ambition to be an engineer prompted him to 
enter a scientific school. Choosing the B. S. 
Chandler Scientific School of Dartmouth he 
studied there until 1867, and in May of the 
same year began his professional career in 
California, with a field engineering party, in 
the employ of the Central Pacific Railroad 

Beginning as an axeman he rose in a few 
months to the post of assistant engineer of 
the Central Pacific, at that time building the 
road, with Chinese labor, between Cisco and 
Truckee. Ninety-one and a half miles had 


been completed to Cisco, and after the twen- 
ty-seven and seven-tenths miles were finished 
to Truckee the construction moved rapidly 
toward Salt Lake. In May, 1869, the Central 
Pacific rails met those of the Union Pacific 
on Promentory Mountain, Utah. Mr. Hood 
then returned to the Sacramento Valley and 
began work on the road which the Centra] 
Pacific was building from Marysville, Cali- 
fornia, to Ashland, Ore- 
gon. From that time up 
to the present, while con- 
structing many thousands 
of miles of road he has 
held these positions: 
1875-83, Chief Assistant 
Engineer of the Central 
Pacific ; from June to Oc- 
tober 10, 1883, Chief As- 
sistant Engineer of the 
Southern Pacific ; 1883- 
85, Chief Engineer of the 
C. P. ; and is now Chief 
Engineer of the Southern 
Pacific Company. 

Among his especially 
noteworthy achievements, 
under Mr. Harriman's 
control, is the reconstruc- 
tion of the Central Pacific 
between Reno, Nevada, 
and Ogden, Utah, includ- 
ing the Ogden and Lucin 
cut-off, across Great Salt 
Lake. He is now busy 
on the double track be- 
tween Sacramento and 
Ogden and on the road now building from a 
point opposite Mt. Shasta, California, to Na- 
tron, Oregon, by way of Klamath Lake as 
well as on sundry other railroad construc- 
tion. Mr. Hood's reputation as a construc- 
tive engineer is too well known to require 
comment. His remarkable sense and mem- 
ory for detail, topography and other essen- 
tials of success have caused his associates to 
regard him as a "law unto himself." But 
though strictly an engineer, in all that term 
implies, he is not above riding a hobby or 
two. Chief among these is his recreation of 
tramping in the hills and making studies, 
with .his camera, in black and white, and in 
color photography. He is a member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers and the 
American Association for Advancement of 
Science. His clubs are : Pacific-Union, Bo- 
hemian and Olympic of San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia and Jonathan of. Los Angeles. 





ARTINEZ, FELIX, Investments, 
El Paso, Texas, was born in Taos 
County, New Mexico, March 29, 
1857, the son of Felix Martinez 
and Reyes (Cordova) Martinez. 
He married Virginia Buster at 
Las Vegas, New Mexico, September 24, 1880, and 
to them there have been born six children, Felix, 
Jr., Alejandro, (deceased), Alfonso M., Reyes, Ho- 
racio (deceased) and Virginia Martinez. The 
name Martinez is one of the most honored in the 
history of Spanish America, with numerous repre- 
sentatives of the family noted in the military and 
civic annals of the vast domain that was formerly 
ruled by Spain. From one of these, Don Felix 
Martinez, Captain General and Governor of the 
Province of New Mexico in 1715, Felix Martinez 
is directly descended, and the family has been 
prominent in the affairs of New Mexico from the 
time of the Captain General to the present day. 

Mr. Martinez, a prominent figure and leader 
for many years in political, financial and industrial 
affairs of the Southwest, received his early edu- 
cation through private tutors and later spent four 
years in St. Mary's College, at Mora, New Mexico. 
He supplemented this with three years' study in a 
private school in Denver, Colorado. 

The first position held by Mr. Martinez was that 
of general salesman for a firm in Denver and 
Pueblo, but in 1877, when he was just about twenty 
years of age, he embarked in business for him- 
self as the proprietor of a general mercantile 
store, at El Moro, Colorado. He only remained 
there about two years however, moving in 1879 to 
Las Vegas, New Mexico, where he engaged in busi- 
ness on a large scale. In addition to conducting 
a mercantile establishment, he also engaged in 
buying and selling live stock and sheep, and in 
lumber manufacturing enterprises and was well 
started on the way to fortune, when his property 
was visited by fire and he lost practically every 
dollar he had in the world. 

Right here the man showed extraordinary cour- 
age. The disaster came upon him on September 
18, 1880, within a few days of the date set for his 
wedding, but undismayed, he went ahead with his 
wedding preparations, and on September 24, six 
days after seeing his fortune swept away, he was 

Mr. Martinez was not of the kind that waste 
time in weeping over his losses, however, but set 
about the recuperation of his fortune. Prior to the 
fire he had established splendid credit in business 
and financial circles and through this he was en- 
abled to get a new start at once. The Eastern 
wholesale houses readily let him have all the stock 
he wanted to re-establish his store, while from the 
First National Bank of Las Vegas he obtained a 
loan of $2000. 

Despite the fact that he had to pay eighteen 
per cent per annum, the prevailing rate of interest 
at that time, on his loan, Mr. Martinez was suc- 
cessful from the outset and soon was cleared of 
debt and among the most prosperous men of his 
community. He conducted his store and other 
interests until 1886, selling out in the latter year 
to engage in an entirely new line of activity. 

Foreseeing that the West was a land of prom- 
ise, destined to lure thousands of homeseekers 
from the older sections of the East, Mr. Martinez 
entered into the real estate business, giving espe- 
cial attention to the building of homes which he 
sold to settlers on the installment plan. This not 
only proved a profitable investment for him, but 
iave numerous men the opportunity to start their 

lives anew, as home owners possessed of an op- 
portunity they had never known before. 

Mr. Martinez also became interested in various 
industrial and development pursuits at this time, 
and met with success in all of his ventures. He 
had, however, gone into politics quite actively and, 
being a liberal contributor, suffered heavy drains 
upon his resources. 

Beginning his political activity about the year 
1884, when San Miguel was the banner Republi- 
can County of the Territory of New Mexico, Mr. 
Martinez worked tirelessly for the Democratic 
party, with the result that through his influence, 
the latter organization became the dominant factor 
in the political affairs of the Territory and con- 
tinued in power for many years afterwards. Mr. 
Martinez, for nearly fourteen years, was the leader 
of his party in San Miguel County and through his 
many successes there became the leader of the 
party throughout the Territory. 

Early in his political career, Mr. Martinez was 
a candidate for election to the office of County 
Treasurer in San Miguel, and although the county 
was overwhelmingly Republican he only failed of 
election by a few votes. Two years later, in 1886, 
he was the Democratic candidate for the office 
of County Assessor and was elected, this victory 
changing the political complexion of the County. 
He served as Assessor for two years and in 1888 
was elected a member of the Territorial House of 
Representatives. He served in this capacity until 
1892, when he was elected to the New Mexico 
Senate from San Miguel. He also held office as 
District Clerk during the Cleveland administra- 

In the same year Mr. Martinez was elected 
Chairman of the New Mexico delegation to the 
Democratic National Convention and in the delib- 
erations of that body was an active factor. It 
will be remembered that Grover Cleveland, put 
forward for the nomination, was strenuously op- 
posed by certain elements in the party and his 
selection was made possible only through a com- 
bination on the part of the delegates from the 
various Territories. Mr. Martinez, looked upon as 
one of the most astute politicians in the Demo- 
cratic ranks, organized this combine and held the 
key to the situation which resulted in the nomi- 
nation of Cleveland and made possible his election 
to the Presidency the second time. 

Returning to New Mexico, Mr. Martinez contin- 
ued to direct the fortunes of the Democratic party 
for several years after this, but in 1897 moved 
his headquarters to the larger field afforded by 
El Paso, although he still retained valuable inter- 
ests in New Mexico. At that time he practically 
retired from active politics, but has maintained 
his interest in the Democratic party and still sup- 
ports it. He has never permitted his name to be 
put forward since 1893 as a candidate for any of- 
fice. His friends in New Mexico, following the ad- 
mission of the Territory to Statehood in 1911, 
tried to prevail upon him to become a candidate 
for election as the first United States Senator from 
the new State. 

Although he transferred his activities and resi- 
dence part of the time from New Mexico to Texas, 
the people of the former State have such confi- 
dence in the integrity of Mr. Martinez, his remark- 
able genius for organization and management of in- 
dustrial ventures- and business development, that 
there seemed to be a unanimous feeling on the 
part of those interested in the progress of the 
new State to choose him as United States Senator 



regardless of politics. It was generally conceded 
that he could do more for the new State than any 
other man who could be found, and it was stated 
at that time that the State would suffer if party 
plans should prevent him from being selected. 

Mr. Martinez persistently refused to become a 
candidate, however, but nevertheless the leaders of 
the Democratic side of the New Mexican Legisla- 
ture put him forward as a candidate and many 
members of the Republican side promised to sup- 
port him, owing to the fact that they could not 
agree at that time on a candidate of their own. 
Later, however, the Republicans became reunited, 
and being in control of the Legislature, elected 
one of their own party. The failure to elect him 
did not disturb Mr. Martinez, for while he was 
sensible of the compliment the people of New Mex- 
ico paid him, he was satisfied to remain in the re- 
tirement he had sought for himself several years 

Ever since Mr. Martinez moved to El Paso, he 
has been a potential factor in the development of 
that city. He became identified with numerous en- 
terprises for its upbuilding almost immediately 
after his arrival, one of these being the organiza- 
tion of the El Paso Chamber of Commerce, in 
which he has been an indefatigable worker. 

Mr. Martinez embarked in the real estate busi- 
ness upon his arrival there and through his plan 
of selling property on small monthly payments, met 
with the same success that had attended his efforts 
in earlier years in Las Vegas. His operations be- 
came so extensive that he opened up numerous 
additions to the city of El Paso, and in this way 
has been instrumental, according to statistics, in 
building up more than one-half of the present city. 

In addition to these activities, Mr. Martinez 
has been in the forefront of every industrial im- 
provement of consequence in El Paso during the 
years he has been in the city, these including the 
organization of a new electric railway system, 
modern water works, Union depot, a great cement 
factory, numerous real estate companies, develop- 
ment companies and other affiliated enterprises. 

The climax of Mr. Martinez's civic efforts and 
perhaps the most notable achievement for the 
public good of his entire career was the organiza- 
tion of the El Paso Valley Water Users' Associa- 
tion. He devoted himself to the accomplishment 
of the organization persistently for eight years, 
it being necessary for him to bring the Republic 
of Mexico and the States of Texas and New Mexi- 
co to an agreement on the division of the waters 
of the Rio Grande River. This entailed consider- 
able legislation, a special treaty between the gov- 
ernments of Mexico and the United States and the 
surmounting of numerous other obstacles of va- 
rious kinds. 

One less determined than Mr. Martinez proba- 
bly would have been discouraged many times dur- 
ing the campaign and abandoned the work, but he 
kept it alive despite all opposition and finally had 
the satisfaction of bringing about the greatest 
irrigation project in the United States, and, in 
some respects, in the whole world, known to-day 
as the Rio Grande Project. This project has been 
and is the chief factor in the development of El 
Paso and surrounding country, and its benefits 
are multiplying as the work progresses. He has 
been in charge of the irrigation canal system in 
the El Paso Valley for the past five years. 

Mr. Martinez commands quite as much consid- 
eration south of the International Boundary as he 

does on the American side, and, by his many acts 
of friendly interest, has come to be an influence 
in the councils of Mexican affairs. It was through 
his efforts and initiative that the historic meeting 
between President Taft of the United States and 
President Porfirio Diaz of Mexico was arranged in 
1909, and when the two executives met, and in the 
banquet tendered by President Diaz to President 
Taft at Juarez, Mr. Martinez took a prominent 
part in the attendant ceremonies, and was selected 
to present the golden goblets to the Presidents as 
mementos of the occasion. At a later date, when 
Diaz was forced to flee the country and Mexico 
was torn by civil war, Mr. Martinez initiated the 
movement that culminated in the successful peace 
negotiations between the Madero and Diaz forces, 
thus bringing about peace in the country for the 

Despite the fact that he has figured so promi- 
nently in public affairs, the great secret of Mr. 
Martinez's success has been his ability to elimi- 
nate himself from figuring in many places where 
he should be credited with leading. By his adroit- 
ness he takes second, third or fourth place or is 
entirely unknown in matters, where, in truth, he 
was the main factor. The great desire with him 
has always been to get the thing done without 
reference to himself. 

In business affairs of El Paso it has been dem- 
onstrated on many occasions that the people 
would rather take his judgment than that of any 
other man in his section of the State, believing 
they can follow him with the greatest certainty of 
success. This is due to the fact that Mr. Martinez 
has been an untiring worker for the upbuilding of 
the city and has never lost an opportunity to give 
to the city any improvement which he thought 
would be for her benefit. It was with this idea in 
mind that he fostered the various industries noted 
above. He also was one of the chief factors in giv- 
ing to the city a new railroad system the El Paso 
& Southwestern, which has grown to be one of the 
most important railroad lines in the Southwest. 

Mr. Martinez, in addition to his private invest- 
ments and his work for the public good, is inter- 
ested in numerous business enterprises, to all of 
which he gives a part of his time and counsel. 
He is a Director in the First National Bank of El 
Paso, Chairman of the Executive Committee and 
Secretary of the El Paso Valley Waters Users' 
Association, President of the Central Building & 
Improvement Company, President or the Interna- 
tional Improvement Company, President of the El 
Paso Realty & Investment Company, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Southwestern Portland Cement Com- 
pany and Director in the First Mortgage Company 
of El Paso. He also is President of the Martinez 
Publishing Company of Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
He is now interested in several publications, and 
has been the publisher of several daily newspa- 
pers in New Mexico and Texas, during the last 
twenty-five years. 

He is stockholder or adviser in many other 
concerns, but those noted above serve to show 
the diversity of the man's interests. 

Mr. Martinez, who is respected as a man of 
highest principle and sense of honor, is a deep 
student of affairs, an original thinker and philoso- 
pher, an eloquent and forceful speaker, and a natu- 
ral leader. He is unselfish in his devotion to the 
public and esteemed as one of the most valuable 
factors in the development of the resources of 
the country. 




YRNE, CALLAGHAN, Capitalist, 
(Deceased), Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, was born in New Orleans, 
Louisiana. He died October 1, 
1908, leaving one son, Callaghan 
Byrne, Jr. 

Mr. Byrne left his New Orleans home in child- 
hood and the greater part of his life was spent in 
California. The family first located in San Fran- 
cisco, and Mr. Byrne received his education there. 
He first attended the Parochial schools of San 
Francisco and later was graduated from St. 
Ignatius College, of the same city. 

Upon leaving college Mr. Byrne entered the 
service of the San Francisco and North Pacific 
Railroad Company, known as the Donahue Line, in 
a minor capacity, and within a short time was 
promoted to the position of Assistant Passenger 
and Ticket Agent. Later he was appointed to the 
office of Cashier of the road, and from this position 
advanced to that of Auditor. 

During his boyhood Mr. Byrne associated with 
men of large real estate interests, and although 
he began his career in the railroad business, later 
in life engaged in real estate on such a scale as 
to bring credit to himself and the city of Los 
Angeles. He first visited Los Angeles in 1882, 
while he was still in the railroad service, stopping 
off there with his mother on their way to the 
Mardi Gras fete in his native city of New Orleans. 
He was so impressed with the Southern California 
city during that brief visit that he became at once 
one of its greatest advocates and urged his rela- 
tives and friends to invest in property there. 
Finally, in 1886, he with his mother and his brother, 
James W. Byrne, a business man of San Francisco, 
made some investments in Los Angeles, and in 
1892 Mr. Byrne located there permanently. 

From the time of his advent in Los Angeles 
until his death Mr. Byrne was one of the active 
forces in the upbuilding of the city and is credited 
with having had an extraordinary influence on 
the general growth and advancement of the city. 
Soon after his arrival there, Mr. Byrne, with the 
foresight that was one of his chief characteristics, 
saw the need of a modern office building in a city 
of &uch great promise and set about drawing plans 
for such a structure. Aided by his brother, he soon 
had his plans completed and work was started on 
the Byrne Building, at Third and Broadway, the 
first modern office building erected in Los Angeles. 
The building is five stories high, with a ground 
space of 120 by 105 feet, is of classical design and 
architecture. It had the added distinction at the 
time of its erection, of being built witn the most 
expensive brick ever used up to that time in Los 
Angeles, this being the celebrated Roman brick 
of Lincoln, Placer County, California. 

The Byrne Building gave an impetus to large 
construction on Broadway, now the main artery 
of Los Angeles, and served as a model for many of 
its successors. One of the cardinal principles of 
Mr. Byrne's life was to have quality in all things 
rather than quantity, and this idea is carried out 
in his building, one of the chief characteristics of 

its design being an arrangement that would give 
sunlight in all offices at all times during the day. 
In throwing open the building to occupancy Mr. 
Byrne instituted restrictions that compelled the 
merchants to establish a fashionable shopping dis- 
trict, and he rented the offices only to tenants of 
the highest professional and business standing. 

His efforts to maintain the very best stand- 
ards on Broadway were as a duty to Mr. Byrne, 
and it is said of him that he did more to impart 
dignity and character to that thoroughfare than 
any other one man of his time. This was instanced 
in many ways. At one time in the early stages 
of the development of the street as a business 
center an attempt was made to locate a saloon 
on it, and Mr. Byrne immediately started a cru- 
sade in opposition to the plan, with the result that 
the saloon was barred, and there never has been 
one located on Broadway from Second to Sixth 
Street, a distance of half a mile. This condition is 
unequaled anywhere in a non-prohibition town, 
and one result of Mr. Byrne's fight for a clean 
thoroughfare was a tremendous increase in prop- 
erty values which have grown steadily since. 

Another unique feature of Broadway, due to 
Mr. Byrne's efforts, is the lack of trolley poles on 
the sidewalks, although double tracks run the 
length of the street. When electric cars were 
first projected in Los Angeles, he made a proposal 
to the city and the property owners that the sup- 
porting wires of the trolley system be run to the 
buildings on either side of Broadwey in order to 
keep the section clear of unsightly poles. This 
was adopted and the appearance of the street 
thus enhanced. 

These are characteristic instances of Mr. 
Byrne's work for the betterment of Los Angeles, 
but numerous others could be cited, for as a mem- 
ber of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce he 
was one of the most active workers in the city's 
behalf, and as Chairman of the Chamber of Com- 
merce Committee on Fiesta he aided largely in 
the success of the city's annual celebration. 

Mr. Byrne, despite his efforts for the public 
good, was a man of retiring disposition and never 
participated actively in political affairs, his aver- 
sion to holding office extending even so far as 
banks and other corporations. He preferred to be 
free to travel whenever his affairs would permit 
of such recreation, and during his vacations he 
traveled all over Europe and the United States. 
He was accompanied by members of his family 
on these tours and, being of a literary and artistic 
temperament, found enjoyment in the collection 
of paintings, sculpture, rare literary prizes and 
various works of art. During their years of travel 
the family gathered a splendid collection of paint- 
ings, marble, bronze statuary, bric-a-brac and a 
valuable library, all of which were lost in the 
disaster which overwhelmed San Francisco in 1906. 

Mr. Byrne enjoyed the confidence of business 
men all over the country, and had numerous loyal 
friends, but his only affiliation outside of home and 
business circles was the Jonathan Club of Los 



tect, 'Los Angeles, California, 
was born in Canterbury, Eng- 
land, on October 20, 1850. 
Giles Chapman Morgan was 
his father and Caroline Tyler (Adams) 
Morgan was his mother. Mr. Morgan 
was married in 1884 to Margaret Susan Wel- 
ier Offenbacker, and two children have been 
born of the union, Octav- 
ius Weller and Jessie Car- 
oline Morgan. 

Mr. Morgan was edu- 
cated at Kent House 
Academy, at the Thomas 
Cross Classic School, and 
at the Sydney Cooper Art 
School in Canterbury. 

It was during his pre- 
liminary education that 
he began the study of his 
profession, as he was at 
the same time employed 
in Canterbury in the of- 
fice of F. A. Gilhaus, an 
architect and contractor 
of high repute in Eng- 
land. He followed this 
practical study for five 
years, when he decided to 
seek his fortune in a new 
country, and selected the 
United States as the 
scene of his efforts. 

He arrived in this 
country in 1871, coming 
via Canada and locating 


in Denver, Colorado, where he found employ- 
ment for a time in the office of a Mr. Nichols, 
who, as was the practice in those days, com- 
bined the work of an architect with that of 
a builder and contractor. 

Denver was at that time in an incipient 
stage of development and architecture was 
about the least thing in demand; the city 
only had a population of four thousand and 
at the time he was there Mr. Morgan saw 
two thousand Ute Indians camped in the 
Platte River bottoms. 

Mining was the absorbing occupation 
then, and Mr. Morgan soon quitted the office 
for the mountains and traversed the greater 
portion of Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah 
and Nevada, seeking on his golden quest, il- 
lusive fortune ; finally he came to California, 
still mining, and secured a claim on Lytle 
Creek in San Bernardino county; but his at- 
tention was soon called to the rapidly grow- 

ing Los Angeles, and he abandoned his pan 
and rocker and made his home in that city. 
He reached Los Angeles in June, 1874, hav- 
ing been three years on his journey from 

He immediately saw the professional pos- 
sibilities of the city and associated himself at 
once with R. F. Kysor, a pioneer architect; 
this firm continued until 1888, when Mr. 
Kysor retired from business and since that 
time the concern has been 
Morgan and Walls. Mr. 
Morgan has incessantly 
followed his vocation ex- 
cepting a time spent in 
1878-80 in a tour of the 
East, and again in 1898- 
90, when he traveled in 

To Mr. Morgan be- 
longs the proud record of 
having up to a few years 
ago done fully one-third 
of all the architectural 
work of the city ; even 
now, when the building 
operations have grown 
from the $600,000 which 
it was when he began his 
professional career, to the 
enormous total of $12,- 
000,000 per annum, he 
continues to do ten per 
cent of the work. 

Some of his principal 
works have been, the 
city's first modern hos- 
pital, the Sisters of 
Charity hospital and the first high school, on 
the site of the present Court House. More 
recent buildings are the Farmers and Mer- 
chants' Bank edifice, the Van Nuys and the 
W. P. Story buildings; he built the original 
residences on both the Kerckhoff and the I. 
W. Hellman lots, tearing them down in the 
course of time to replace them with the pres- 
ent modern business blocks. 

His activity has always been displayed in 
city affairs, and he has invariably been with 
the progressive elements of the community; 
in 1898, and again in 1900, he served as a 
member of the Freeholders' Charter Board. 

He is a member and a past president of 
the Engineers and Architects' Association, 
the Southern California Chapter of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Architects, and the Califor- 
nia State Board of Architecture ; a member of 
the California and Jonathan clubs, a Mason 
and an Odd Fellow. 



LIVER, FRANK, Mining and Con- 
structing Engineer, Los Angeles, 
California, is a native of England, 
born at Bury St. Edmunds, June 
13, 1861. He is the son of George 
John Oliver and Maria Agnes 
(Loder) Oliver, and married Sarah Emma Mould at 
Melbourne, Australia, August 18, 1885. 

Mr. Oliver, who has an international reputation 
in his profession, received the preliminary part of 
his education in the Gram- 
mar School of his native 
town, then studied for a year 
and a half under a private 
tutor, George Griffith, M. A. 
Later he studied under W. A. 
Coates, B. A., C. E., for sev- 
eral years, taking a full 
course in Engineering. 

Upon the completion of 
his studies, Mr. Oliver en- 
tered the employ of a firm of 
mechanical engineers in his 
native town, serving two 
years of an apprenticeship. 
For three more years he was 
engaged with E. R. and F. 
Turner, engineers, of Ips- 
wich, England, with whom he 
completed his apprenticeship. 
When he received his diplo- 
ma, he was engaged under 
contract as Supervising En- 
gineer for Dickinson & Com- 
pany, an engineering firm en- 
gaged in the manufacture of 
machinery for the production 
of nitrates and silver in 
South America. His work 

lay between Iquiqui and Antofagasta, Chili, and dur- 
ing much of the time he was in close association 
with Colonel North, of nitrate fame. 

In 1883, Mr. Oliver returned to England and 
after a Visit of several months, left in the fall of 
the same year for Melbourne, Australia, where he 
became associated with the Melbourne Cable Car 
Company, as Constructing Engineer. This was the 
first cable system in that section of the world, and 
all of the gripmen and conductors, in addition to 
the supervising car builders, were imported from 
San Francisco. 

Upon the completion of his work with the cable 
car system, Mr. Oliver took up mining in Australia, 
in association with Mr. Ramsay Thompson of the 
Long Tunnel Mining Company, whose properties 
were located at Walhalla, Gippsland, Victoria. Later 
he was placed in charge of the property known as 
the Blue Jacket, on the lower Jordan River, in the 
Mount Lookout district of Victoria, and during the 
two years he was there developed the mine and in- 
stalled a large amount of machinery. When this 

was finished, he went to England for another vis-it, 
and after a six months' stay, returned to Mel- 
bourne, where he engaged in a general engineering 
practice. For a year and a half he conducted an 
independent business, but he was then sought by 
Messrs. Thompson & Son, contracting engineers, of 
Castlemaine, Victoria, on construction of the sew- 
age pumping plant for the city of Melbourne. The 
great Australian metropolis is built in a basin and 
all sewage has to be pumped out of it under vacuum 
pressure, a physical condition 
which afforded unusual en- 
gineering difficulties. 

His work on the Mel- 
bourne system ended, Mr. 
Oliver made another trip to 
his home in England and re- 
mained in the mother coun- 
try for about twelve months. 
He then accepted a contract, 
in 1896, with the British 
America Corporation, which 
took him to Rossland, British 
Columbia, as Assistant Gen- 
eral Manager of their mining 
properties, which included 
the Le Roy, Nickel Plate, 
Josie and others. He was 
engaged there for more than 
three years and about the 
year 1900 gave up his work 
to come into the United 
States. He first located in 
Colorado and for the next 
four years was engaged in 
general engineering and min- 
ing work, and in 1904, was 
appointed by A. D. Parker, 
Vice President of the Colo- 
rado Southern Railroad, as mining manager for 
the Florence Goldfield Mining Company. Mr. Oliver 
was in the Goldfield district for more than three 
years and also managed the Little Florence Mining 
Co. and the Frances Mohawk. 

In 1908, Mr. Oliver was engaged in quicksilver 
mining in the Pacific Coast Range of Mountains, 
but in 1909, he became interested in oil and gave 
up his mining work temporarily to engage in the 
petroleum business. Locating in Los Angeles, he 
turned his attention to the oil fields in the Midway 
district of Kern County, California, and for two 
years was active as an operator in that territory. 
In 1911, however, he sold out his oil interests and 
resumed his engineering work, establishing offices 
in Los Angeles. He had a general practice, but the 
greater part of his time was spent on projects in 
New Mexico and Lower California. He has con- 
tinued his interest in some of the latter. 

In 1912, he became President of the Western 
Excavator & Development Company, engaged in 
the Southwest in various important enterprises. 




States Senator from New Mexico, 
Three Rivers, New Mexico, was 
born at Frankfort, Kentucky, No- 
vember 26, 1861. He is the son of 
William R. Fall and Edmonia 
(Taylor) Fall. He married Emma Morgan at 
Woodbury, Tennessee, May 8, 1883, and to them 
there have been born four children, John Morgan, 
Alexina (Mrs. C. C. Chase), Carolyn (Mrs. M. T. 
Everhart) and Jouett Fall. 
The Senator's family origin- 
ated in Spain, but was trans- 
planted centuries ago to Scot- 
land, his grandfather, the 
first to settle in America, 
going to Kentucky, in 1808. 
The Senator also traces his 
family back to Sir Nicholas 
Bacon, the father of Sir 
Francis Bacon. 

Senator Fall received the 
rudiments of his education in 
the country schools of Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee, but the 
main part of his teaching 
was at the hands of his 
grandfather, who was a 
Scotch-Englishman of culture 
and the son of an ex-army 
officer. His father having 
joined the Confederate forces 
shortly after the Senator's 
birth, the latter spent much 
of his boyhood with his 
grandparents and was tu- 
tored by them. 

When he was twelve 
years of age Senator Fall 
went to work for his living, 
his family having suffered 
terrific losses during the war. 
He first worked in a cotton 
factory at Nashville, Tenn., 
but later became a drug clerk 

and worked at various other occupations until he 
was sixteen years of age. Returning to Kentucky 
about this time, he became a country school 
teacher and took up the study of law, reading at 
night. He mastered the law, but did not apply for 
admission to practice until many years afterwards. 

In 1881, Senator Fall left his native State and 
headed for the West, which has been his home al- 
most continually since. He first went to the Indian 
Territory, where he became a cowboy, and punched 
cattle for some time, finally going to Texas, where 
he rode the range for a few years more. 

About 1883, Senator Fall located at Clarkes- 
ville, Texas, and went into the land business there, 
also purchased several silver mining claims in the 
vicinity of Zacetecas, Mexico. Making Clarkesville 
his headquarters, he made numerous trips to 
Mexico and also operated in lands in other parts 
of the South, one of his chief properties being a 
plantation on the Red River in Arkansas. 

Since that time Senator Fall has been inter- 
ested in cattle, real estate and mining operations, 
in addition to having various other interests. Leav- 
ing Clarkesville in 1886, the Senator took his 
family to Las Cruces, New Mexico, and established 
a residence there, but he was engaged in mining 
at Kingston, Sierra County, New Mexico. He later 


located in Las Cruces and engaged in the real 
estate business, also became a farmer on an ex- 
tensive scale. About a year later he became asso- 
ciated with a lawyer named Nelson M. Lowry, but 
did not practice until 1889, when he was admitted 
to the Bar of New Mexico, after which he became 
an active member of the legal profession. 

On his locating in Las Cruce&, Senator Fall 
began to take an interest in politics and probably 
was the first "insurgent" so-called in the United 
States. In 1890 he was 
elected to the Lower House 
of the Territorial Legislature 
'as an independent Democrat 
and became one of the lead- 
ers of that body almost im- 
mediately. He was chosen 
Chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee, also acted as 
floor leader and Chairman of 
the Democratic caucus. Dur- 
ing this term he helped draw 
the first free school law en- 
acted in New Mexico, this 
being the basis of the pres- 
ent public school system in 
the State and the first time 
the Territory ever had an 
organized public educational 

In 1892 the Senator was 
elected to the Territorial 
Council or Senate of New 
Mexico and during the ses- 
sion of that Legislature also 
acted as floor leader and man- 
ager of much important 
legislation. Before the expi- 
ration of his term, he was ap- 
pointed, in 1893, by President 
Grover Cleveland to be As- 
sociate Justice of the New 
Mexico Supreme Court. After 
serving six months he re- 
signed in order to devote 

himself to his private business, but his resignation 
was not accepted and he served in all two years, 
at the end of which time he returned to the man- 
agement of his law practice and other private 
business affairs. 

After enjoying less than a year of private life 
he was re-elected in 1896 to the Territorial Council 
from Donna Ana and other Southern Counties, and 
in this Legislature, as in previous ones, he was one 
of the leaders, serving upon the Judiciary and 
Finance Committees. About this time Senator 
Fall began to break away from the regular Demo- 
cratic organization. He had been an independent 
for many years and during this session maintained 
a neutral attitude, not affiliating; with either of the 
old line parties. In 1897, while he still served 
as Councilor, he was appointed Attorney General 
of New Mexico bv Acting Governor Miller and 
served for nearly a year, or until the new Terri- 
torial administration took office. 

His term expiring in 1898, about the time of 
the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Sen- 
ator Fall returned to Las Cruces and organized a 
company for service in Cuba. This organization, 
known as Company H, First Territorial Regiment, 
United States Volunteers, with Senator Fall as its 
Captain, was first intended for service in the 



Philippine Islands, but later the plans were 
changed and they were started towards Cuba. 
After going into camp in Georgia, Senator Fall, 
who had been on courtmartial duty the greater 
part of the time, was detached from his command 
and assigned to General Sanger's staff as "Sani- 
tary Inspector of Matanzas," but this plan was 
changed and Senator Fall was stationed in Wash- 
ington, D. C., on special duty, remaining there 
until he returned to Georgia to be mustered out 
with his company in March, 1899. 

For many years prior to 1898, Senator Fall had 
been associated in the law business with W. A. 
Hawkins, now General Attorney for the Phelps- 
Dodge Railroad and their mining interests and the 
head of a large law firm, in connection with vari- 
ous Pecos Valley enterprises, especially the Ele- 
phant Butte Reservoir Company, and when he re- 
turned to his law practice in Las Cruces, he also 
established a co-partnership with Mr. Hawkins, 
John Franklin and Leigh Clark of El Paso. In 
this connection, Senator Fall attended to all the 
firm's legal business in New Mexico and in asso- 
ciation with Mr. Hawkins took part in the work of 
perfecting plans for the El Paso & Northeastern 
Railroad to Santa Rosa and across to Dawson, 
New Mexico, which opened up large areas of coal 
lands, now owned by the Phelps-Dodge interests. 
This partnership continued until 1904, when Sen- 
ator Fall gave up active law work and decided to 
devote himself to other interests, he having at all 
times maintained extensive mining holdings in 
New Mexico and in Old Mexico. 

It was about this time that the Senator became 
engaged in one of the most important works of 
his career. In Mexico, he acquired a million and 
a half acres of land in the States of Chihuahua and 
Sonora and later turned this, with other proper- 
ties, over to Colonel William C. Greene, the famous 
mining operator. He thereupon became a partner 
of Colonel Greene in some of his great operations 
and also acted as general counsel for the various 
Greene enterprises, about twenty in all, including 
lumber, mining and railroad companies. 

Colonel Greene, at this stage of his picturesque 
career, was entering upon a gigantic plan of de- 
velopment in the various lines indicated and Sen- 
ator Fall was his adviser from that time practically 
until the death of the celebrated copper magnate. 
Besides acting as general counsel for the Greene 
companies, he also held office in several of them, 
including the Greene Gold & Silver Company, the 
Sierra Madre Land & Lumber Company, the Rio 
Grande, Sierra Madre & Pacific Railroad Company 
of which he was Vice President, and the Sierra 
Madre & Pacific Railroad Company, in which he 
held the office of President. But the Senator, about 
the year 1906, sold the greater part of his interest 
in the Greene affairs, and went back to the hand- 
ling of his own properties in New Mexico. It is 
of record that Colonel Greene had millions of dol- 
lars staked on his numerous ventures, and when 
the financial panic of 1907 came he was one of the 
men who suffered most. The blow broke Colonel 
Greene's health and he was compelled to go 
to Japan to recuperate. Senator Fall was sum- 
moned, as being the man most familiar with the 
workings of the Greene business, to straighten out 
the tangled interests of his former partner and he 
left a sickbed to go into Mexico and untangle the 
maze into which the Greene affairs were plunged. 
This done, he returned to his own personal inter- 
ests, but has since acted in an advisory capacity 
to Colonel Greene's widow in various legal matters. 

Although he was actively engaged in business 

affairs, Senator Fall did not retire from politics, 
for he was elected to the Territorial Council a 
third time in 1902, being nominated on both the 
Democratic and Republican tickets of his district, 
but affiliating with the Republicans as an inde- 
pendent. In this session he represented practically 
the entire Southern half of New Mexico. 

In 1907 the Territory of New Mexico was 
threatened with a multitude of land litigations and 
Senator Fall, at the urgent request of President 
Roosevelt and Governor Curry, accepted appoint- 
ment as Attorney General, but only served for 
about three months. 

Retiring from the Attorney Generalship, Sen- 
ator Fall again confined himself to his private 
interests until 1909, when he was nominated and 
elected as a Non-Partisan Delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention, at which the basic law of 
the State of New Mexico was framed. He served 
as Chairman of the Legislative Committee and on 
other committees and took a leading part in the 
drafting of the corporation commission law and 
other important sections of the Constitution on 
which New Mexico was admitted to Statehood. 

Generally recognized as one of the important 
factors in the legal and industrial upbuilding of 
New Mexico, Senator Fall was elected by the Leg- 
islature at its first meeting in March, 1912, to 
represent the new State in the United States Sen- 
ate. By one of those chances of custom, he drew 
the so-called short term in office, which meant that 
he should serve about one year, or until March 3, 
1913. At a later meeting of the State Legislature, 
however, in June, 1912, he was again elected to 
the Senate, this time for a term of six years, so 
that in reality he was honored by a seven-year 
term in office and is scheduled to represent New 
Mexico at Washington until March 3, 1919. 

Senator Fall immediately took a prominent 
place in the affairs of the Senate and was assigned 
to a number of committees not u&uallv given to 
new members. Among these are the Committees 
on Pacific Islands and Porto Rico, District of Colum- 
bia and Patents and Irrigation. When the Senate 
directed the Committee on Foreign Affairs towards 
the close of the session of 1912, to investigate and 
report whether certain American corporations had 
been involved in the Madero and Orozco revolu- 
tions in Mexico, and the revolution in the Island 
of Cuba, Senator Fall, though not a member of 
that Committee, was chosen by special resolution 
of the Senate to take part in that investigation, 
and he, with Senator William Alden Smith of Mich- 
igan, had full charge of the subsequent inquiries. 

In reality a part of the history of New Mexico 
himself, Senator Fall has made a feature of his- 
torical works dealing with the Territory and this 
forms a large part of his private library, which is 
one of the largest in the Southwest. His home at 
Three Rivers, or Salinas, is one of refinement and 
culture, set in the midst of a splendid ranch of 
five thousand acres. There the Senator maintains 
a large establishment, and grows not only fruits, 
flowers and vegetables on a large scale, but also 
has a magnificent stock farm, whereon he breeds- 
fine horses. He also has another ranch of 35,000 
acres and is an extensive cattle raiser. 

He is a substantial man and enjoys widespread 
personal popularity. He has a magnificent family 
and gets the most of his enjoyment out of his home, 
but he also is a member of well known clubs. 
Among these are the Foreign Club of Chihuahua, 
Mexico, the Toltec Club of El Paso, and the Man- 
hattan Club of New York. He also holds member- 
ship in the B. P. O. Elks. 






Francisco, California, Manager for 
California, Nevada and the Ha- 
waiian Islands of the Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of New York, 
was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, February 15, 1867, the son of William H. 
Hathaway and Mary (Clancy) Hathaway. His pa- 
ternal origin is of the old Puritan stock, with its 
source in the Isle of Wight, while his maternal an- 
cestors were Irish and English landowners. Mr. 
Hathaway's paternal grandfather was prominent 
among the early settlers of Oregon, to which terri- 
tory he came from New Bedford, Massachusetts, in 
the late thirties; and he, together with his com- 
panions who first cast their lot in the Umpqua Val- 
ley, below Roseburg, became the progenitors of 
nearly every important family of Douglas County. 

On May 13, 1893, Mr. Hathaway was married at 
Colusa, California, to Miss Caro Paulson and they 
are the parents of two daughters, Marie Craig and 
Mabel Clancy Hathaway. 

William L. Hathaway's early boyhood was 
passed in Oregon, his father having been the first 
of Captain Hathaway's relatives to join him there, 
in 1868. He attended the public schools in Ashland, 
Oregon, and later, when his family moved to Cali- 
fornia, which State they had first reached a few 
days before the big earthquake of 1868, he con- 
tinued his schooling at Yreka, transferring thence 
to Colusa. After a two years' course in the night 
school of the Atkinson Business College at Sacra- 
mento, during which time he was employed by the 
firm of Waterhouse & Lester, wholesalers of wagon 
materials, he engaged in the real estate and broker- 
age business in the Puget Sound country, dealing 
largely in timber lands. Returning to California in 
1892, he entered the employ of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of New York, through A. B. 
Forbes, at that time the company's chief represent- 
ative on the Coast. 

Since his entrance into the insurance world Mr. 
Hathaway's work has been closely connected with 
the agency end of the business. He early con- 
ceived the idea of transforming the previously ex- 
isting methods to a system that has formed the 
basis of the present procedure. This consisted 
largely in eliminating the extravagant cost of get- 
ting business and in educating for insurance young 
men who were doing fairly well in other walks of 
life. He acted on the theory that a man capable 
of success in other activities could succeed in life 
insurance. Strong in this belief, he organized in the 
insurance world a new force, which has proved a 
benefit to the companies and to the agents alike. 
Naturally, his ideas and work attracted wide at- 
tention and led to an extension, which the company 
called upon him to achieve, throughout the United 
States. During the years that he was absent on 
this mission he visited every important city in 

America and Canada and traveled abroad as well. 

His absorbing ambition to become the head of 
the San Francisco office prompted him to reject 
many flattering offers of a choice of locations else- 
where and to return to that city, where, on January 
1, 1906, he took charge of the local office. He was 
well on the way toward the development of the busi- 
ness when the great disaster befell. 

During those trying days Mr. Hathaway's en- 
thusiastic advocacy of a return of all the business 
houses to their old stands and his re-establishment 
of his own company in its own quarters, "almost 
before the pavements were cold," were potent influ- 
ences in encouraging others to follow his example. 
His company was not only the first to transact 
any business in the burnt financial district, but it 
is well known that the results of his trips to New 
York to divert some of those millions to the parched 
business channels of San Francisco are responsible 
for about $20,000,000 of real money contributed to 
the rebuilding of the city. The general recognition 
of his great work has helped him not only in his 
insurance business, but also in his connection with 
the Panama-Pacific Exposition Company, which, 
both in the early struggles, and later through his 
memberships of the Ways and Means, the Counties 
and other important committees, he has greatly 
aided in the quest for funds and by the force of 

His abundant energies are now focused on the 
idea he has conceived for a Panama-Pacific World's 
Insurance Congress in San Francisco in the year 
1915. In this connection he has traveled much in 
the East, and his work for this great end has re- 
ceived the heartiest encouragement from the presi- 
dents of all the leading insurance companies in 
America and in foreign countries. Mr. Hathaway, 
as chairman of the congress, whose membership 
includes the presidents of all the California insur- 
ance companies, and every prominent business man 
connected therewith in San Francisco, feels justly 
proud of the honor conferred upon him. 

But his greatest service for his city and state 
is to be found in his share of the honors of victory 
in the memorable fight for the Exposition. When 
the battle was waging in Washington this insurance 
association, under Mr. Hathaway's direction, who 
as chairman conducted the operations, did such 
heroic service that the papers of New Orleans gave 
as one of the three 'principal reasons why that city 
lost the fight the fact that all the big Eastern in- 
surance companies were lined up for San Francisco. 

He is prominent in the affairs of the National 
Association of Life Underwriters, the Chamber of 
Commerce of San Francisco and the Home Indus- 
try League, and is a member of the Press Club and 
the Presidio Golf Club. He devotes much time and 
energy to all business organizations connected with 
the upbuilding of the city and State, and has con- 
tributed as a writer to insurance publications. 



REW, FRANCK C., Attorney (firm 
Metson, Drew & McKenzie), San 
Francisco, California, was born at 
San Jose, that State, May 31, 1861, 
the son of John R. Drew and 
Mary Francis (Dowling) Drew. 
He married Mrs. Helen P. White (formerly Miss 
Ramsay) in San Francisco, April 7, 1900. 

After a course through the Lincoln Primary and 
the Lincoln Grammar Schools of San Francisco, the 
latter of which he left in 
1876, he took two years in 
the Boys' High School, but 
the desire, coupled with the 
necessity, of earning his liv- 
ing, prevented his gradua- 
tion. The real struggle be- 
gan there, and he showed 
the qualities that have char- 
acterized his subsequent 
progress. During this school- 
ing he was in the habit of 
rising at 2:30 a. m. to sell 
papers on the street and also 
to deliver them on his routes. 
In 1879, when he was 17 
years old, he entered the pub- 
lishing house of Bacon & 
Co., where he became a book 
and job printer and proof 
reader. But the progressive 
bee was already in his bon- 
net, so at night he studied 
shorthand to qualify as a 
stenographer. These efforts 
were rewarded a few years 
later, in 1883, by a position as 
amanuensis with Eppinger & 
Co., wheat operators. 


Here he remained until 1887, and then entered, 
in the same capacity, the House of Siegfried & 
Brandenstein, tea importers. Losing his position 
two years later, he went over to the San Francisco 
Call as compositor and proofreader, but after an- 
other two years became the stenographer in the 
law office of Patrick Reddy. 

This position he retained until 1894, in which 
year he was appointed stenographer to Governor 
James H. Budd. At the end of three months, how- 
ever, he returned to the office of Patrick Reddy, 
but retained his allegiance to the Governor, be- 
coming, in fact, his chief political adviser. From 
this point he was an active worker in the ranks 
of the Democratic party. 

Upon the appointment of Rhodes Borden as 
Judge of the Superior Court, Mr. Drew was made 
official snorthand reporter in Department 11. He 
held the same position under Judge Lawlor and 
managed both his and Borden's political campaigns. 
After another course of night study, this time of 
the law, he was admitted, in 1903 to the bar and 

soon became a member of the firm of Campbell, 
.Metson & Drew, which changed subsequently to the 
present title of Metson, Drew & McKenzie. 

By a curious turn of fate this firm was em- 
ployed, in 1905, to prosecute Mr. Drew's old em- 
ployer, Eppinger, who had been indicted on the 
charge of issuing false warehouse receipts. Senti- 
ment proving stronger than the lure of success and 
dollars, Mr. Drew refused to associate himself with 
the prosecution. Among other important cases 
with which his name is 
prominently linked may be 
mentioned that of the Peo- 
ple vs. Eugene Schmitz, 
Mayor of San Francisco, and 
the People vs. Rankin, who 
was accused of hypothecat- 
ing some of the Ocean Shore 
bonds. In the latter of these 
Mr. Drew was the leading 
counsel for the defense and 
in the former associate 

Mr. Drew's marriage, in 
1900, indirectly enlarged his 
field of activities. To pre- 
vent a strike, wherein much 
diplomacy was necessary, he 
became president and super- 
intendent of the L. E. White 
Lumber Company and spent 
two years in close study of 
the business, at the same 
time that he was preparing 
himself for admittance to 
the bar. Under his manage- 
ment the assets of the com- 
pany grew from half a mil- 
lion to five million dollars, 
and incidentally made him a holder of many acres 
of sugar pine lands in the Southern part of the 

This foregoing industry, however, has appar- 
ently only stimulated Mr. Drew's desire to find 
recreation in his favorite hobbies, the study of 
French and Esperanto, in the former of which he 
is skillful and in the latter an expert. 

He has also found time to contribute articles 
and verses to the newspapers and to keep alive 
his interest in his clubs and societies, among 
which are the Bohemian, the Family and the 
Press clubs, the San Francisco Bar Association, 
Touring Club of France, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, the Eagles, the Redmen, the American 
Geographical Society, the Dolphin Swimming and 
Rowing Club, the American Esperanto Association, 
the French Society for the Development of Pho 
netics and the International Association of Es- 
peranto Jurists. 

He is an exempt member of San Francisco 
Typographical Union No. 21. 



JAMES, Roman Catholic Bishop 
of Monterey and Los Angeles, 
California, is a native of Ireland, 
having been born in Kilnaleck, 
County Cavan, Ireland, August 1, 
1847. His father was Patrick Conaty and his 
mother Alice (Lynch) Conaty. He comes from old 
Milesian stock, inhabitants of Ireland for centuries. 
Bishop Conaty came to Massachusetts with his 
parents May 10, 1850, and 
was educated in the public 
schools of Taunton, that 
State. On December 30, 
1863, he entered Montreal 
College, Canada, where he 
studied for a brief period. In 
September, 1867, he entered 
the junior class of the Holy 
Cross College, Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and gradu- 
ated with the degree of A. 
B., July, 1869. He then en- 
tered the Grand Seminary at 
Montreal, and was ordained 
priest December 21, 1872. He 
received the degree of D. D. 
from the Georgetown Uni- 
versity in July, 1889, and 
that of J. C. D. from Laval 
University of Quebec, Decem- 
ber, 1896. 

On January 1, 1873, Bish- 
op Conaty was made assist- 
ant Pastor of St. John's 
Church, Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts. He remained in 
this position for seven years, 
winning a large acquain- 
tance through his genial disposition and strong 
personality. For his labors in that locality he was 
made Pastor of the Sacred Heart Church of Wor- 
cester January 10, 1880. 

His education, breadth of mind and knowledge 
of educational subjects caused him to be elected 
a member of the School Board of that city, which 
office he filled, exercising the highest sense of 
duty toward the general public, for fourteen con- 
secutive years. Many of the best educational 
measures passed by that board while Bishop Con- 
aty was a member are accredited to his liberal 
and far-reaching policies. Another civic recogni- 
tion was his election as Trustee of the Worcester 
Public Library. His counsel was productive of the 
best results and he was re-elected for another term 
of six years. 

Pope Leo XIII appointed him Rector of the 
Oatholic University of America at Washington, 
D. C., October 22, 1896. Here he remained for 
six years. He was appointed by Leo XIII as 


Domestic Prelate of the Pope in the latter part 
of 1897. In 1901 his great ability was again recog- 
nized by the Head of the Roman Catholic Church 
when he was honored with the office of Titular 
Bishop of Samos. 

On November 24 of the same year he was con- 
secrated Bishop by Cardinal Gibbons at Baltimore, 

On March 27, 1903, he was appointed Bishop of 
Monterey and Los Angeles, taking active charge of 
that diocese in June of the 
same year, with headquar- 
ters in Los Angeles. 

From July, 1892, until 
1896 he served as President 
of the Catholic Summer 
School of America at Platts- 
burg, New York. He was 
President of the Catholic 
Total Abstinence Union of 
America, 1886-1888, and is an 
advocate of that movement 
in its fullest extent. From 
1900 to 1903 he was Presi- 
dent of the Conference of 
Catholic Colleges of America. 
Bishop Conaty has always 
been identified with the Par- 
liamentary movement in 
America for reforms in Ire- 
land, and has worked for 
better conditions in his na- 
tive country throughout his 
entire life. He advocates 
radical educational, political 
and social reforms. 

He is the author of nu- 
merous works, among them 
being the "New Testament 
Studies" (1896) and the Catholic School and Home 
Magazine (1892-96). His literary efforts are not 
limited to one subject, but cover a large field of re- 
ligious, educational and civic subjects. 

As a pulpit orator he stands in the foremost 
rank. As a public speaker and lecturer he has 
attained great prominence. As an American citi- 
zen he stands for what is highest and best in 

Bishop Conaty, being of broad mind and pro- 
gressive instincts, takes an active interest in the 
development of the country over which he exercises 
religious jurisdiction and has been concerned in nu- 
merous movements for the moral and civic better- 
ment of Los Angeles. He has been connected with 
numerous plans for the uplifting of the public mind. 
He is a member of the Newman Club, Sunset 
Club, California and University Clubs of Los An- 
geles, the Municipal League and the Choral Society. 
He is associate member of the G. A. R. Post 10, 
Worcester, Massachusetts. 



WARD, President and General 
Manager of the Compania Con- 
structora Richardson, S. A., Los 
Angeles, California, was born in 
Frederick City, Maryland, Novem- 
ber 23, 1870. His parents were 
Richardson and Jane Briscoe 
He married Marion Edna 

Ignatius Davis 
(Ramsburgh) Richardson. 
Hord at Central City, Nebraska, April 4, 1903, and 
to them there have been born three children, Wil- 
liam Hord, Thomas Benton 
Hord (deceased) and Jane 
Beatrice Richardson. Mr. 
Richardson is descended from 
an old Southern family, the 
first ancestor in America hav- 
ing been William Richardson, 
who came over from England 
in 1655 and settled at West 
River, Ann Arundel County, 
Maryland. The family home 
was in Maryland from that 
time until several years after 
the Civil War, and various 
members served in the sev- 
eral wars of the country, 
Captain William Richardson 
and Colonel John Lynn hav- 
ing attained distinction in the 

In the spring of 1871 Mr. 
Richardson's parents moved 
from the old home in Mary- 
land to Clarks, Nebraska, 
where they purchased a large 
amount of land and estab- 
lished a new home. There he 
spent his boyhood, attending 
the common schools of the 
district until he was nearly 
eighteen years of age. 

In 1888 Mr. Richardson 
gave up school and entered 
the employ of the Union Pa- 
cific Railroad in a minor po- 
sition. He was- stationed at 
Clarks and Schuyler, Nebras- 
ka, at different times, and remained with the com- 
pany for about two years and a half, acquiring a 
knowledge of telegraphy during this period. 

In the spring of 1891 Mr. Richardson left the 
employ of the Union Pacific R. R. and went to So- 
nora, Mexico, joining there his elder brother Davis, 
who had gone to Mexico in 1889, and who was en- 
gaged in mining busine&s in that country. During 
a period of eighteen years, from 1891 to 1909, the 
year in which the death of Mr. Davis Richardson 
occurred, Mr. Richardson and hi& brother, together 
with another brother, Frank, were closely asso- 
ciated in mining operations carried on in that part 
of old Mexico. These operations, which were quite 
extensive and at times quite successful, were han- 
dled through a partnership corporation called 
"Richardson Brothers Company," with offices in 
Los Angeles, California. During this- period of 
eighteen years, although at all times closely inter- 
ested and associated with his brothers in- mining 
ventures, Mr. Richardson for a period of six and a 
half years was employed as assistant to the Mining 
Engineer of the La Dura Mill & Mining Company 
at La Dura, Sonora, Mexico. 

Mr. Richardson, who had become one of the 
practical mining engineers of Sonora, resigned his 
position with the La Dura Mill & Mining Company 


in November, 1898, and took charge, in the capacity 
of Vice President and General Manager, of the La 
Bufa Mines, a notable Sonora property, which was 
at that time controlled by Richardson Brothers 
Company, they owning a majority interest in it. 
Mr. Richardson was actively engaged in this ca- 
pacity for nearly ten years, and until work was 
temporarily discontinued in the spring of 1908, on 
account of Yaqui Indian depredations in and 
surrounding Sonora. 

In 1905 Richardson Brothers Company incor- 
porated the Compania Con- 
structora Richardson, S. A., 
with Davis Richardson as 
President and W. E. Richard- 
son as Vice President. In 
1909, following the death of 
his brother, W. E. Richard- 
son became President and 
General Manager of this 
company, which is engaged 
in one of the most gigantic 
development enterprises of 
the North American conti- 
nent, the building of the nec- 
essary storage and diversion 
dams, together with the 
requisite canals for the dis- 
tribution of water, to place 
under irrigation nearly one 
million acres of land compris- 
ing the entire area known as 
"Yaqui Valley," located on 
the Yaqui River in the State 
of Sonora, Mexico. 

Since 1908, the year he gave 
up active mining, Mr. Rich- 
ardson has been the directing 
force in the affairs of this 
company, which was origin- 
ated by his brother. He has- 
come to be regarded one of 
the West's great developers. 
The Compania Construe- 
tora Richardson, S. A., is the 
operating company under 
which this great work is be- 
ing done and which, when 

completed, will comprise one of the most remark- 
able pieces of irrigation engineering on this conti- 
nent. The holding company through which the cap- 
ital for this project is secured is tne Yaqui Delta 
Land & Water Company, of Delaware. Among Mr. 
Richardson's associates in this great enterprise are 
Mr. John Hays Hammond, the greatest Mining En- 
gineer in the world, and Mr. Harry Payne Whitney, 
the noted capitalist. Another great undertaking 
which owes its commencement to Mr. Richardson 
in part is the Southern Pacific West Coast Railroad 
of Mexico, built from Guaymas to Tepic, a distance 
of over 800 miles. The original concession for the 
building of the road was secured from the Mexi- 
can Government by Messrs. Davis and W. E. Rich- 
ardson and later by them was transferred to the 
Southern Pacific Company under a guarantee that 
the road would be built. This secured a railroad 
for the Yaqui Valley which was of vital importance 
to their irrigation project. 

Mr. Richardson is also interested in various im- 
portant mining ventures, and is President of the 
Bufa Mining Company previously mentioned. 

Mr. Richardson is a member of the Lawyers', 
New York Athletic Club, and Rocky Mountain 
Club of New York, American Club of Mexico City, 
and the California Club of Los Angeles. 



President and Manager Compania 
Constructora Richardson, S. A., 
Los Angeles, California, was born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, July 24, 1877, 
the son of John Wesley Sibbet 
and Anna Elizabeth (Fry) Sibbet. 
He married Mary Oliver Sampson at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, December 26th, 1899. There has been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Sibbet three daughters, Anna 
May Sibbet, Laura Belle Sibbet and Nan Sibbet. 

Mr. Sibbet, who is iden- 
tified with the diversion of 
the entire Yaqui River of 
Sonora, Mexico, to irrigate 
nearly a million acres of 
land in the Yaqui Valley, re- 
ceived his education in the 
schools of his native city. 
Passing through the gram- 
mar grades, he entered 
Hughes High School of Cin- 
cinnati in 1893, and was 
graduated in the class of 
1897. The same year he en- 
tered the University of Cin- 
cinnati, remaining there un- 
til 1900. 

At the conclusion of his 
college work, Mr. Sibbet 
moved to Los Angeles, where 
he became Advertising Man- 
ager of the "Oil Era" and 
"Oil, Mining and Finance," 
two trade publications de- 
voted, as their titles indicate, 
to the interests of the special 
lines named, and by serving 
in this capacity until 1903 
he became familiar with the 
many opportunities for de- 
velopment work afforded by 
the great Southwest. 

In 1902, while engaged in 
newspaper work, he became 
interested in mining in the 
State of Sonora, Mexico, and 
since severing his connection with the publications 
mentioned has been exclusively engaged in mining 
and development work in that country. 

Mr. Sibbet, in 1903, became associated with 
the Richardson Brothers Company of Los Angeles 
in the promotion of the railroad now known as 
the "West Coast Route" of the Southern Pacific 
Railway of Mexico, and also in the promotion of 
the Yaqui Valley Land & Irrigation Project. 
Within a year the Compania Constructora Rich- 
ardson, S. A., was organized to carry on the enter- 
prises above mentioned, Mr. Sibbet being a Direc- 
tor of the Company, and although the railroad 
project was soon sold to the Southern Pacific Com- 
pany, which carried it to completion, the irrigation 
project was retained by the Richardson Company 
and associates among whom is John Hays Ham- 
mond, the famous mining and civil engineer, and 
Mr. Harry Payne Whitney, the well-known capi- 

This project, conducted in the valley of the 
Yaqui River, is one of the most extensive ever 
undertaken on the North American Continent, and 
one which will result ultimately in the colonization 
of a large part of northern Mexico. The work 
was begun about 1902, when Porfirio Diaz was at 
the head of the Mexican Republic, and with the 


encouragement extended by him and his suc- 
cessors, the American engineers have succeeded in 
this gigantic undertaking to a degree that has far 
surpassed their earlier hopes. 

For many years capital and American energy 
have been engaged in Mexico, but these were con- 
fined to cattle and mining, for the most part, and 
it was not until the Richardson project was inaug- 
urated that agriculture under irrigation on a large 
scale was attempted. With characteristic enter- 
prise, the work has been carried on steadily in the 
face of tremendous obstacles, 
including the delays incident 
to political disturbances and 
to wars with the Yaqui In- 
dians, last of the uncon- 
quered tribes of America. 
The plans of the Yaqui 
project include the construc- 
tion of more than 3000 miles 
of irrigation canals, a new 
diversion dam and intake 
gates to cost approximately 
$800,000, and a storage reser- 
voir, which in height of dam 
and storage capacity will ex- 
ceed the great Roosevelt 
Dam and Reservoir in Ari- 
zona. All of this work is now 
under way, and 400 miles of 
canals already completed 
make water available to over 
100,000 acres, 30,000 of which 
are now (1913) under cultiva- 
tion. It is hoped to complete 
the work in the year 1918 at 
a total cost of approximately 

In 1905 Mr. Sibbet, in the 
interests of the Compania 
Constructora Richardson, S. 
A., moved to New York, 
where he maintained offices 
for three years, and was in- 
strumental in obtaining co-op- 
eration of powerful interests 
in financing the project. 

To Mr. Sibbet's efforts while in New York is 
largely due the acquisition of 300,000 acres of 
land to the holdings of his Company, the land in 
question having been held for many years by an 
organization known as the Sonora & Sinaloa 
Irrigation Company. This Company, however, had 
for years been inactive and the property had 
become greatly entangled. Mr. Sibbet devoted a 
large part of two years to obtaining this land and 
disentangling it, but was successful finally, and 
this vast tract was added to the already large 
holdings of the Compania Constructora Richard- 
son, S. A., in the Yaqui Valley. 

In the promotion of the Yaqui Valley irrigation 
project, Mr. Sibbet has been one of the important 
factors, and his judgment and foresight have 
proved of great value to his associates in the 
handling of the numerous problems confronting 
them. Following his departure from New York 
in 1908, he returned to Los Angeles and was 
elected Vice President and Manager of the Com- 
pania Constructora Richardson, S. A. He is also 
Director, Yaqui Delta Land & Water Co.; Vice Pres- 
ident, Richardson Construction Co., and Director, 
Richardson Brothers' Co. and Bufa Mining, Milling 
& Smelting Co. 

He is a member, University Club, Los Angeles. 






er, cattle raiser and farmer, Doug- 
las, Arizona, was born in Port- 
ville, New York, November 1, 1847, 
the son of Ashley Giles Packard 
and Virtue Vorancy (Crandall) 
Packard. He has been twice married, his first 
wife, Ella Lewis, whom he married at Portville, 
November 27, 1879, having died in that place April 
2, 1893. To them were born three children, Ger- 
trude L. (now Mrs. Max B. Cottrell), Ashley B. 
and Dorothea Packard. He married the second 
time at Tucson, Arizona, on June 27, 1902, taking 
for his bride Carlotta Wood Holbrook. 

Mr. Packard comes of a family of hardy Amer- 
icans, noted for the longevity of its members. His 
grandparents were early pioneers of western New 
York and northeast Pennsylvania, where they 
had gone from their native States, Rhode Island 
and Connecticut. His paternal grandfather was a 
tanner by profession and in his day was a promi- 
nent citizen of Tioga County, Penn. His wife, Mr. 
Packard's grandmother, was the mother of thirteen 
children who lived to man and womanhood. She 
was 107 years of age when she died. She had five 
sons in the Civil War, one of whom was the father 
of Mr. Packard, and all lived through the struggle, 
returning home at the close of hostilities. On the 
maternal side Mr. Packard's grandparents also 
were long-lived. Captain M. M. Crandall, his grand- 
father, was prominent in the affairs of New York 
State and received his title as a reward for serv- 
ice in the New York militia. He was ninety-three 
years of age when he died and his wife, who had 
borne eleven children, also lived to a fine old age. 
Mr. Packard's father was a lumberman on the Alle- 
gheny River and also conducted a large farm at 
Portville where B. A. Packard was born and lived 
to be seventy-six years of age, his wife attaining 
the age of seventy-eight. 

Mr. Packard received his early education in 
the public schools of his native town, and during 
the winters of 1864 and 1865 was a student in a 
private sehool at Ceres, McKean County, Pennsyl- 
vania, conducted by Miss Maria King, a Quakeress. 
He concluded his studies there in the winter of 
1865-66 and in February of the latter year entered 
the employ of J. R. Archibald as clerk in a general 
merchandise store at Millgrove, New York. He 
remained with the house for about six years, serv- 
ing as manager of the store during the last two 

On June 1, 1873, Mr. Packard, emulating the 
example of "Jim" Fiske and other notable Ameri- 
cans, embarked in a wholesale Yankee notion busi- 
ness. He had three wagons and drove from town 
to town in Western New York and Pennsylvania 
for several years, but his venture did not prove 
altogether successful and he next formed a part- 
nership with M. B. Bennie at Rixford, Pennsyl- 
vania, in the Bradford-McKean County oil district. 
They engaged in a general oil well, supply and 
hardware business, which was incorporated under 
the name of Bennie and Packard. In January, 
1877, he joined M. C. Guider in a similar enter- 
prise at Coleville, Pennsylvania, this house operat- 
ing as M. C. Guider & Company. 

Mr. Packard served as manager of both houses 
and in addition to the duties attaching to this 
dual position, was actively engaged in the produc- 
tion of oil. He remained in business until Jan- 
uary 1, 1880, but sold out his interests at that time 
and moved to the then far West. He had pur- 
chased stock in the Vizna and Silver Cloud mines 
in the Tombstone mining district and he made his 
headquarters at Tombstone, Arizona. This was 
the beginning of his career as a mine operator and 
he has continued to operate from that time down to 
date, his properties being located in Arizona and 
the State of Sonora, Mexico. 

In 1884 Mr. Packard engaged in the cattle busi- 
ness in Cochise County, Arizona, and two years 
later formed the company known as the Packard 
Cattle Company, with large herds on the ranges 
of Cochise County and Sonora, where he had early 
acquired the ownership of an extent of land. He 
is still engaged in cattle raising on a large scale 
and at the present time, through the Packards' 
Investment Company, a corporation composed of 
members of his family, owns one hundred thousand 
acres of land in Sonora, stocked with high-grade 
and pure-bred cattle. This company also owns a 
magnificent, highly improved farm in the Salt 
River Valley, near Phoenix, Arizona. 

During his long residence in Arizona Mr. Pack- 
ard has taken an active and important part in the 
upbuilding of that section of the Southwest and 
has been a commanding figure in the financial 
growth of the country. In 1897 he aided in the or- 
ganization of the Bank of Bisbee and was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of that institution 
from the time of its organization until June, 1910. 
He also served as President and General Managing 
Director of the Moctezuma Banking Company at 
Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico, for several years and 
President and Managing Director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Douglas, Arizona, one of the strong 
financial institutions of the West. 

Mr. Packard, in addition to his business inter- 
ests, has also taken an active part in the political 
affairs of Arizona. He has always been a firm 
supporter of the Democratic party and its candi- 
dates and was the Representative of his district 
in the Upper House of the Arizona Legislature for 
eight years. He has also figured prominently in 
the conventions of his party and three times was 
elected delegate from Arizona to the national con- 
vention of the Democratic party. 

He has been one of the leaders in civic enter- 
prise ever since he first located in Arizona and 
as one of the enthusiastic members of the direc- 
torate of the Douglas Chamber of Commerce has 
given liberally of his time and fortune to various 
movements having for their object the upbuilding 
of the c;ty. 

Mr. Packard has been an extensive traveler, 
having visited practically every part of the civil- 
ized world. He has been in every State of the 
Union, most of the countries of Europe and in 1910 
made an extended trip to the Orient, spending con- 
siderable time in China, Japan and the Philippine 
Islands. He is a Thirty-second Degree Mason, 
member of the Mystic Shrine. 



UBBARD, A. G., Banker, Redlands, 
California, was born in Northern 
Wisconsin, in 1846, the son of 
Frederick Hubbard and Anna 
Kubbard. He married Lura Allan 
Spoor of Michigan, on August 15, 
1888. To them were born four children, Herbert 
L. Hubbard, aged twenty-three years, who gradu- 
ated from Stanford University in May, 1912; Mabel 
G. Hubbard, aged seventeen years, now living at 
home; Marie Hubbard, who 
died in infancy, and Lura 
Hubbard, born November 15, 

Mr. Hubbard graduated 
from the public schools near 
his home, and acquiring a 
good knowledge of chemistry, 
metallurgy and mining engi- 
neering, cut short his college 
career and left in 1865 to seek 
his fortune. He determined 
to go to the Southwest. There 
being no railroads at that 
time, he started from the 
Missouri River, going over 
the old Santa Fe Trail. He 
made a temporary halt at 
San Antonio, Texas, and after 
spending a few months in 
the neighborhood of San An- 
tonio, he started over the 
"Staked Plains," crossing the 
Rio Grande where El Paso 
now is, and made his way to 
the City of Mexico. On his 
way back he visited a num- 
ber of mining camps, but 
continued his travel to the 

Northwestern part of Texas and from there headed 
across the plains for the Pacific Coast. He reached 
the California line on the Colorado River at the 
mouth of Bill Williams Fork in the Fall of 1867, 
and there, he soon afterwards, took charge of the 
Grand Central Copper Mine, in Arizona. 12 miles 
Ea&t of the California line, for an English syndicate. 
Mr. Hubbard next superintended the Planet Cop- 
per Mines in the same mining camp with great 
success and from that time until 1893 maie mining 
his exclusive business, serving as- superintendent 
of mines, mills and reduction works in addition 
to doing a great deal of expert work in Arizona, 
California, Nevada and Mexico. 

For the last twelve or fifteen years of his 
mining career Mr. Hubbard had as an equal part- 
ner, George W. Bowers of San Francisco. During 
their operations- as owners, Mr. Hubbard and Mr. 
Bowers owned several valuable properties, among 
them being the Clip Mine about seventy-five miles 
above Yuma, and after that the most notable one, 
the Harqua Hala Bonanza, of Yuma County, Ari- 


zona, which they operated at great profit for sev- 
eral years and then sold to an English syndicate 
in 1893. Mr. Bowers died about the time the final 
negotiations for the sale of that property were 
being closed. 

Mr. Hubbard, whos-e hard work of the early 
days has been rewarded with a comfortable fortune, 
is generally credited with being on 5 of the factors 
responsible for the upbuilding of that wonderful 
section of the Southwest known as the Imperial 
Valley of California. This 
country not many years ago 
was mostly desert land, but 
through the energy and en- 
gineering ability of men like 
Mr. W. F. Holt, Mr. Hubbard 
and others, it has- been re- 
claimed and to-day is one of 
the most prosperous agricul- 
tural sections of the United 

Mr. Hubbard is very large- 
ly interested with Mr. Holt 
and numerous other capital- 
ists in what is known as the 
Holton Power Company and 
the Holton Inter-Urban Rail- 
way Company, also in the 
control of the water power 
for developing electricity. 
They furnish all the electric- 
al power used for the ice 
plants and lighting system, 
also for numerous other pur- 
poses throughout the entire 
Imperial Valley. 

Mr. Hubbard is a large 
orange grower in Redlands, 
and is also interested in va- 
rious other enterprises which form part of the 
development of Arizona and Southern California. 
He is largely interested in Phoenix, Arizona, 
both in real estate and banking, and besides his 
railway and agricultural interests, is heavily in- 
terested in banking in Southern California. 

He is President of the Citizens-' National Bank 
of Redlands, President of the First National Bank 
of San Jacinto and is interested in several of the 
leading banking institutions in Los Angeles. 

Mr. Hubbard is regarded as- one of those men 
who have done their full share of the work of de- 
veloping the resources of Southern California and 
Arizona. He has never failed to aid any move- 
ment of a public or private nature having for its 
object the betterment of humanity or the country. 
He is unusually public-spirited and a generous 
contributor to the general growth of the section 
in which he has made his home. 

He is a 32nd Degree Mason, and a member of 
the Univers-ity Club, the Redlands Country Club 
and the Redlands Chamber of Commerce. 


OOD, JAMES, Superintend- 
ent, Calumet & Arizona 
Copper and Smelting Com- 
pany, Douglas, Arizona, was 
born at Lachuta, Argentine 
County, Canada, March 27, 1860, the son of 
John Wood and Grace (Wilson) Wood. 
His family is one of the oldest on the Amer- 
ican Continent and traces back for more 
than three hundred years 
in a direct line. He mar- 
ried Mary Ames at Ana- 
conda, Montana, May 24, 
1891, and to them there 
were born seven chil- 
dren, John H., Thomas 
Albert, James Jr., Earl, 
Grace, Mary and Carlton 

Like a great many men 
who have made a success 
of their lives in the 
United States, Mr. Wood 
had only scant educa- 
tional advantages in his 
youth and with the ex- 
ception of a few brief 
months in the country 
schools of his district, 
has educated himself. 
From the time he was 
about nine years of age 
until he reached the age 
of seventeen he worked 
on his father's farm and 
the lumber mills of 


Canada, and in 1877 left 

home for the western part of the United 


First locating at Fort Benton, Montana, 
he worked for about three years in the em- 
ploy of his uncle, who was a cattleman there, 
and in 1881 went to Butte, Montana, where 
he 'started in the copper business. He began 
in the freighting service of the Montana Cop- 
per Company, now the Boston-Montana 
Copper Company. He worked in this capac- 
ity for about two years, part of the time in 
hauling material for the company's smelting 
plant at Mitreville, Montana. He followed 
this with work in the mining end of the com- 
pany's holdings at Anaconda, Montana, and 
then returned to the cattle business. He 
went to the Gerton Ranch outside of Butte. 
as manager, and conducted this property for 
nearly two years. 

In 1884 Mr. Wood resigned his position 
and returned to Butte, where he re-entered 


the copper business as a puncher on the con- 
verter plant of the Parrot Smelter. He re- 
mained there for about six years, working in 
various capacities, and in 1890 went to the 
Anaconda Smelter as Manager of the experi- 
mental plant of the converters. He had by 
this time come to be regarded as one of the 
expert smelter men of the West and in 1892 
accepted a position with the Nichols Chem- 
ical Company, in charge 
of the construction of a 
converter plant at Laurel 
Hill, New York. Upon 
the completion of the 
plant, he managed it for 
about six months, then 
returned to the West and 
located at Durango, Colo- 
rado, as Superintendent 
of the Standard Smelter. 
Later he went to Salt 
Lake City, Utah, with 
the Salt Lake Copper 
Company and remained 
in charge of its smelter 
plant for about two years. 
In 1893 Mr- Wood was 
called to Arizona by the 
famous Copper Queen 
Company and placed in 
charge of its converter 
department. He remained 
with this company for 
more than nine years, 
the last five of which he 
had entire charge of its 
smelter operations, over 
about four hundred men. In 1902 Mr. Wood, 
who had purchased an interest in various 
copper mining properties, joined the Calumet 
and Arizona Copper Company as Superin- 
tendent of its smelter works at Douglas. 

When Mr. Wood took charge of the com- 
pany's plant it had a capacity of five hundred 
tons of smelted ore daily, but owing to the 
vast increase in the production of copper 
within recent years this has been more than 
quadrupled, so that the plant over which Mr. 
Wood has supervision smelts 2200 tons each 

Mr. Wood is one of the practical men of the 
copper business and in addition to holding 
stock in the Calumet and Arizona and other 
copper corporations, is a stockholder and di- 
rector of the First National Bank of Douglas. 
He is a Mason, Shriner and Knight Temp- 
lar, also a member of the Douglas Country 




FRANCISCO, Attorney at Law, 
Los Angeles, Gal. Was born there 
Dec. 15, 1854. His father was 
Ygnacio Del Valle and his mother 
Ysabel (Varela) Del Valle. On 
Sept. 2, 1890, he married Helen M. White Cayatile 
in San Francisco. There is one child, Lucretia 
Louise Del Valle. 

Mr. Del Valle entered St. Vincent's College in 
1867, remaining until June, 1871; then went to 
Santa Clara College, Santa Clara, Cal., where he 
graduated with the degree Bachelor of Sciences 
June, 1873. 

His first venture in the law was at Los Angeles, 
where he opened practice shortly after he was 
admitted to plead in the Supreme Court. In 1879 
he was elected to the State Assembly of California 
from Los Angeles on the Democratic ticket and was 
re-elected in 1880. In this year he was Presi- 
dential Elector for Hancock and English. A year 
later received complimentary vote for Speaker. 
In 1882 he was elected Senator from Los An- 
geles County and served four years, part as presi- 
dent pro tern. In 1884 ran for Congress. Four 
years later he was chairman State Convention at 
Los Angeles, and in 1890 was nominated for Lieut. 
Gov. In 1892 he was chairman of the Committee 
on Resolutions of the State Convention at Fresno. 
He was admitted to practice before the Supreme 
Court of the United States in 1893. In 1894 he 
was chairman Democratic State Convention at 
San Francisco. He has been a member of every 
State convention for more than thirty years, has 
been a campaign orator and was a delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention of 1900 at Kansas