Skip to main content

Full text of "The story of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1869-1895 [microform]"

See other formats



"^^mi^j^^i^rimsw'vr^ ■w?-= v-"^^^- ■ 

■ ^ 



'woman's foreign missionary 







:. hiological seminary 





WHILE many tilings have been written on the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society,' and 
much inforjnation has been pul)lished, there is no one 
work which supphes the information contained in 
this vohime, or that 'preoccupies the fieUl. In an 
experience as an itinerant for many years there has 
been found a demand for this^very work, giving the 
scope of a Society jvhich is as broad as the needs of 
heathen women, and the knowledge of what has been 
acconi])lished by Meth^jdist wor.ien at home for their 
Sisters across the sea. llestricWUiJn limitations, it 
became an unfortunate necessity to \mit much valu- 
i»ble material, even the mention of tlie names of so 
many of the great leaders of the Society, who in 
nfeiiy States and Territories have wrought and are 
still working, who by their faith have removed mount- 
ains, of vhom the world is not worthy ; and of many 
others who are not, for God has taken them ; and for 
the same reason biographical sketches of the mission- 
aries have scarcely been touched upon, though the 
illustrations of the twelve pioneers have been fur- 
nished. Incidents which may be regarded as beneath 
the dignity of historj- have found a welcome place in 
this simple and familiar story. 

After all the time and labor expended, the book 
must be closed incomplete. This is as it should be. 


o- '^ 

■; W-W*^Si 

4 . Preface. 

The chronicles of an extinct nation, the archives of 
a buried city can he recorded to the last line, and 
"Finis" written at the bottom of the page. But the 
history of a living Missionary Society must be a diary 
unfinished until "the kingdoms of this world have 
become the kilhgdonis of our Lord and of his Christ." ' 

And now, as I come to the end otthis task which 
I had set myself, I wish, of course, that I could have 
performed it more to iny own satisfaction, and that of 
my readers. 

It was not possible to give due credit as I pro- 
ceeded, to all the soui'ces appropriated for this vol- 
ume. Among them may be .specified the files of the 
General iixecutive Reports; Heathen Woman's I-'riind , 
Annual Reports of the Missionary Society; various 
Branch Reports; the printed Reports and Minutes of 
the several India Conferences, Japan and Foochow; 
" India and Malaysia ; " " Light in the East ; " Church 
Weeklies; Woman's Work in the Far East ; publica- 
tions on our Missions in India and China; 'Mi.ssionary 
Lett^s and Journals. I am also indebtedto Mesdames 
Gracey, Butler, L. N. Wheeler, Sites, S.'l. Baldwin,* 
O. W. Scott, Achard.'L. F. Harrison, and Miss Dreyer; 
to many missionaries on the field and at home, of our 
own and the General Society /to some of the Branch, 
Secretaties, Corresponding and Recording; also Con- 
ference Secretaries; besides many other home workers^ 
Scores of persons have placed me ulider obligation to • 
them for some simple item of information. Thank . 



MORKNX-i, Mich. 


^ PACK. 

Introduction, 9 


cii,\pti-;r II. 

IxtRtASiNG Activities ■ ■ 35 

Branch History, 46 

Camp-meeting and OrtiicR .\s.sKMm.iKS, 64 

LiTKR.m'RE. , . . . . 73 


Gekmas Work,'. .,...-. 93 

Ik 1 


MiscKi.i-.^NEors 107 


Medical Missions— India,' 117 


MKDic\t, Missions— China, Jap.\n, and Korea 147 

• .\ (i 


India, ' 

If . 


- • '■ ■^ . * 

■ :,■■■■ . -•■■... • • ■* '■■ ■ :.' - -"■- ■■■ ;-vVWs-- 

6 • Contents. 

CIlAPTi;!* XI. 

• ♦ . I'AllB. 
Cl^N-A, . . .' 26j 


Japan-, Korea, IU'U'.aria ^- • 3>5 

ciiai'Ti:r XIII. 


Ki.mikiscp;nci;.s. . i'. 399 




Sessions op the Gknerai, Execitivk Co.mmittki:.. . . 432 

List 01- Reai, Estate , 43J 

AiTicNnix, 436 

♦ * . * 




Tkkmoxt Strkut Cm hch, IIoston, 14 

Mrs. Lois IC. I'arkkh 16 

Mrs. Ci.f.mi;ntina, . . . , 19 

Mrs. jKNNiK I". WiM.iNi; a;. 

Miss Is.\hki. H.\rt, .,..'' 39 

Mrs. J. T. Gr-\ckv, 41 

Mrs. Adhmni-: M. Smith 44 




First Mat of India Missions fncing page 74 

India's Children 87 

Miss Ci.ara A. Swain, M. U., I'irst Medical Missionary, . 120 

Kyino-in Rooms, Barkii.i.y HosriTAH India 127 

Mrs. Nancie MoNKi.i.KftlANSKi.i., M, D 13S 

Miss SicocRney Tkask, M. D. 155 

Hi" KiNC. JCno 159 

' Korean Hospitai., Seoui 171 

Pioneers (The Kast), . .'. 1 17S 

Miss Is.vdei.i.a Thohirn, I'frst Mis»ioimry, ' . 181 

Dormitory (Aires' School, Iacknow, 1S3 

I.ucK,N()\Y Christian School Girls 187 

Miss Ellen D'Ahreu, B. M 190 

Mrs. Sophia D'Abrru Thompson, n. A., 191 

Miss Lilayats Sinoh, B. A., 192 

Miss Phede Rowe ' ... 195 




■'•-T.^9^*''.-" ■"*' ■ •'■ ^ K 

K" r^' 




Off for a Picnic, ■ , /• J"7 

Miss Maky Rki;iv • . / ;■ ■ 266 

YoiNc. XIoiiammfdanAvomhn . 23S 

Miss C.RAtK Sti;imif>s, _ 242 

Miss Mary A. I)ANyo¥Tii, ^ 334 

Miss Clara Proca, 349 

IU'i.r.AKUx CiiRi/s 350 

I'1(ini:i;ks (Tiii/I,\tix Kaci si 356 

GlKI.S' llDMl./SCHlHll,. RoMl'., ? 364 

^- ' iMtOiOGlGAL SEMINAW ' • 



ABOIT ninety days after the organization of the 
Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal 
Churcli— viz., July 5. i8m — a Woman's Auxiliary wa.s 
formed in the Wesleyan Seminary in Forsyth Street, 
New York City. Rev. Xathau Bangs offered prayer, 
and afterwards stated the objects of tlie" meeting. 
Mrs. Mary W. Mason was elected " First Directress," 
and held the office during the wliole period of the 
history of the " Female Missi4fc|y Society." Mrs. 
Dr. Seaman was elected Trea.surCT; and Mrs. Caroline • 
M. Tliayer Secretary. The address to the "Female 
Members of the Methodjj^ Episcopal Church," sent 
out by tl'iis band of devoted women, is still on file, 
aij<l worthy to be sent out again to tlie women of the 
Churcli. We (|uole a few words: "Shall we, who 
dwell in and ^plenty, whose tables are loaded 
with the bonuties of Providence, and persons 
are clothed with the finc-wroughtlmaterials of the 
Eastern looms; shall we wl^o .sit under the droppings » 
of the sanctuary, and are blessed with the stated or- 
dinances of the house of God, thus highly, thus 
graciously privileged, — .shall we deny the small .sub- 
scription this institution solicits to carry the glad 
tidings of free .salvation to the .scattered inhabitants 
of the wilderness?'" 

In 1855, the S(jciety had become almost inactive, 



'i^JTirs**"*?^:" r -T »> r"?^ 



"crowded out of the field by the Jiew missionary or- 
Knnizatioti.t indroductd into the Churches." So far iis 
we are able to learn, the last report was made iii_ 
1861, and says: "Almost all our founders, with the 
earliest doiiots and siibscriliers, have passed away ; ~ 
several are still with us, strivinjj to do what they can. 
Now each Cliurcli is desirous to report a large mis- 
sionary collection; every Sunday-sctiool is anxious to 
excel in their contributions. This accounts for our 
diminislied receipts. Now we can only be gleaners in 
this work. While we regret our shortcomings, yet, 
as ^ Society, we may be stimulated to renewed dili- 
gence by a short review of what has fceen done. We 
have rfeason to believe that our collections from the 
commencement in 1819, have been over $20,000, 
which, except for small ex])eiises, have bten paid to 
the Parent Society. Beside this, there have been 
contributions in clothing, bedding, books, etc., for 
mission schools. In earlier yfiars we have done much 
in assisting mi.ssion schools utjder the, care of Rev. 
William Case and Rev. John Clark. In later years, 
we also assisted the school of the late Ann Wilkins." 


In 1845 the " Ladies Home Missionary Society of 
the Methodist Epi.scopal Church" began its honored 
career of charity and benevolence among the poor of 
the city of New York, and with woman's faith and 
' heroic courage, in 1850, they said, " We must take 
Five Points for Christ,'" and applied to the New York 
Conference for a missionary. 

By an act of the State Legislature, passed March 
20, 1856, Mrs. Caroline R. Deuel. (afterward Mrs. 




Governor Wright), Mrs. Pliebe Palmer, Mrs. Helen 
M. Carlton, Mrs. Julia M. Olin, Mrs.Jarie E. Barker, 
Mrs. Harriet B. Skidmore, and Mrs.'L. A. Holdich, 
and tlifir a.ssociatcs and .succe.s.sor.s, were constituted a 
body corporate by the name of the " New York 
Ladies' Home Missionary Society of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church." 

The history of Five Points mission electrifies the 
land. Such heroism and achievement are rarely 

Contemporaneously with the planting of Meth- missions in China in 1847 was the formation of, 
the " Ladies' China Mi.ssionary Society of Baltimore." 
This, we believe, was a pioneer among 'Methodist 
women, working specifically for heathen women, and 
during the twenty years of its separate existence, 
with patient continuance in well-doing, it worthily 
' su.stained the missionary work among the,women'of 
China. 'In 1859 this Society took under its fostering 
care the Baltimore Female Academy in Foochow, 
and granted $5,000 for .suitable buildings. The Misses 
Woolston took charge of the school. For ten years it 
paid to tlje Parent Society $300 annually. On the 
^d of March, 1871, pas,sed away the Ivadies' China 
Mi.ssionary Society of Baltimore, and from it came 
the formative impulse to the Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary' Society in Baltimore, while it became merged 
in the Baltimore Branch of that Society. 


'la Introduction. 


The \Vomaii's Union Missionary Society was or- 
ganized in the fall of'' 1 860, comprising the wotaen of 
half a dozen or more leading evangelical denomina- 
tions, including the Methodist Episcopal, under the 
leadership of Mrs. T. C. Doreraus. It was patterned 
soniewliat after the English " Society for Promoting 
Female Education in the East." After seven years of 
union effort it was believed; by many that the end 
sought could be beMer attained through denomina- 
tional organizations. The Congregationalists were 
the first to draw out in 186.S, and the Methodist Epis- 
copal in 1869, others following in the .succeeding 

The first donation made for distinctive woman's 
work in the North India Conference was a check 
of $50 from this Society to 'Mr.s. J. T. Gracey 
soon after her arrival in India, in 1861, for the em- 
ployment of .some native Christian woman as Bible 
reader or teacher. This was the beginning thirty-four 
years ago of the $u('>,535 in 1895, for India from the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of tl\e Methodist 
Epi.scopal Church. 

^ f^Jipf ,(«^^^^g^i|^^{3»n..S5^5ij5^^-^ ■ 

. T H E 




Chapter I. 


GREAT interest attaches to all the 'circumstances 
and stages of the first incepffon of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. Twelve years after the movement was 
inaugurated, one of the original actors prepared a doc- 
ument which forever removes the Society from the 
perils of oblivion on the one hand, or of legend on' 
the other, and had it personally signed by all the ladies 
present at the first meeting, with tjie exception of 
Mrs. E. W. Parker, ui India. It is, therefiire, a com- 
pleta and authentic account of the origin of the So- 
ciety, and was written with great care by Mrs. William 
Butler: . 

",A(ter having labored ten years in India, Rev. 
E. W. Parker and wife returned to the United States 
in March, 1869, for and a renewal of health. On 
arrival they were met by Dr. William Butler, and ac- 


• •w^'^y;w/r7^WF^^^^' 

14 lVo.v.4A's Foreign ifitsiONARY Society. 


compauied him to liis home in South Hostoii. Their 
visit gave opportunity tor niucli conversation on the 
state and prospect of the work in India, and how it 
might be aided and enlarged. 

"On vSunday afternoon (March 14th) Di. Butler 
preached a missionary sernion. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis 


Flanders, of Tremont Street Church, were present to 
hear this discussion. After service, Mr. and Mrs. 
Flanders came to the parsonage to meet the newly ar- 
rived missionaries, and thus these three ladie.s— Mrs. ' 
Parker, Mrs. Flanders, and Mrs. Butler — were provi- 
dentially brought together, and were led earnestly to 

• Organization. • * 15 

consider the subject of the condition of women. in 
India, and the powerltssness of the missionaries to do 
anything to alleviate their stale on account of their 
isolation. Mrs. Parker expressed her deep conviction 
that unless Christian women took up this work as a 
special and separate duty, it would not be practicable 
to evangelize India to any great extent. Women 
alone could have access to women there. 

"The question waathen raised whether something 
could not be done to meet this stata of things, and 
whether, if the New England ladies of the Church 
would take it up, the ladies of the West would be 
likely to sustain them. Mrs. Bitfler then described 
what the ladies of the Congregational Churches had 
done in the line of organizing a society, and showed 
some of the publications of the Woman's Board, in- 
cluding a copy of Light and Life, and also their con- 
stitution, with a leaflet on zenana work; and turning 
to Mrs. Flanders, she said : 'Mrs. Parker and I would 
like to see a Woman's Foreign Missionary Society in 
our Episcopal Church. Can not you help 
us?' Mrs. Flanders replied: 'If others can do this, 
the women of the Methodist Episcopal Church can, 
and it is clearly their duty to engage in this important 
work!' Mrs. Flanders volunteered to present the sub- 
ject to the ladies of the Tremont Street Church and 
request their co-operation. 

" Accordingly, on Tuesday afternoon, March i6th, 
at the meeting of the Ladies' Benevolent Society of 
that Church, about thirty ladies being present, Mrs. 
Flanders -spoke to roost of them individually on the 
nece.ssity of forming a Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society. When the business of the evening was con- 


eluded, the meeting was called to order, and Mrs. 
Flanders addressed the ladies on the subject. A favor- 
able response was given, and a committee, consisting 
of Mrs. Joshua Merrill and Mrs. inlanders, was ap- 
pointed to see Mrs. Parker and Mrs. Butler, and in- 
vite them to come on the following Tuesilay ( March 
23d), and explain more fully to those present the im- 
portauce and the practicability of such a socftty. 

Mrs. Parker and Mrs. 
Butler readil^' consented. 
Notice.'' were sent to the Churches of 
Boston and^ vicinity, and 
were read on the next 
Sabbath (March 21st) in 
all save one, — the notice . 
having failed to reach 
Trinity Church, Charles- 
t»wii. But Tuesday, the 
23d, proved such a .stormy 
day, Mrs. Parker and Mrs. 
Hutler, on arriving at 
Tremont Street Church, 
fdund,only six ladies to meet them. These ladies 
were Mrs. Lewis Flanders, Mrs. Thomas A. Rich, Mrs. 
William B. Merrill, Mrs. Thomas Kingsbury, Mrs. P. 
T. Taylor, and Mrs. H.J. Stoddard. A resolution to 
orgaui/e was taken. Mrs. Flanders presided, Mrs. 
Butler offered praj'er, and Mrs. Parker addressed the 
little circle, showing in a thrilling and impressive way 
the need the women of India had of the gospel, and 
Why it could only be brought to them. by women who 
liould consecrate themselves to the work. All pres- 

Mhs l.oia r.iHK>-K. 


Organization. 17 

ent seemed to feel thi." respoiisihili^y and the impor- 
tance of this duty thus coming upon the women of the 
Church to send out sinffle ladits as missionaries to 
women in heathen lands. 

"A Committee on Nomination of Officers was<ap- 

* pointed, of which Mrs., Flanders was President. Tliey 
agreed on a of names, which was presented and' 

"After singing the doxology, the ineeting was ad- 
journed to the following Tuesday (March 30th). An 
earnest effort Win* made to have the second meeting 
published in all our Boston chuiches. On the day of 
the meeting' a furious raiu again fell; yet, notwith- 
.standing. an increased attendance of ladies was se- 
cured, including Mrs. Dr. Warren, Mrs. H. H. Barne.s, 
and others,. evidencing the growing interest of the 
ladies as they became acfjuainted with the object of 
the Society. 

. "A carefully-prepared constitution was pre.scnted 
to, and adopted by and for, the ' Woniifn's Foreign 
Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal 

"A large number of ladies joined, and some be- 
came life members of the Society. Mrs. Parker, Mrs. 
Butler, Mrs. Warren, and others, addressed the meet- 
ing.' Matters now assumed a regular form. The 
Society was established, and earnest work and earnest 
prayer soon extended its influence in all the Churches 
.. around, as well as in the West. 

" The necessity of a periodical to represent this 
missionary work* was soon discu.ssed. Some feared it 
might not beiHu.stainedf but friendly hands were ready 

* to .support it, among the rest Mr. Lewis Flanders, 

1 8 Woman's FoKEioN MissioNAKY Society. 

who offered to tftil the experiment to the extent of 
$500, if necessary. ' So encoitraged, tlie first number 
of the Heathen Woman's Friend was issued in the 
month of May, under the editorship of Mrs. Wm. F. 
Warren, and it has ■;:••" proved :t.s great value to the 
enterprise. It now ranks as one of the first mission- 
ary papers of the world. 

"On the 7th of May the Mis-sionary Secretaries, 
Rev. Dr. Durbiu and Rev. Dr. Harris, met the mem- 
bers and friends of the new Society in the vestry of 
Bromfield Street Church, Boston, and after full and 
candid discus.<ion, everything was settled for cordial 
and harmonious working and relation with the Parent 
Society. The General Conference completed its rec- 
ognition as an institution of the whole Church, and 
from that hour on, its great influencing and extending 
power in all our foreign missious has evidenced how 
•truly its origin was from Him whose glory it seeks, 
and redeemed creatures it is trying to bring to 
him as his inheritjnice. ' , 

"This is ii correct account of the origin, of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Meth- 
odist Epi.scopal Chjirch. 

"(Signed,) Mrs. Rkv. Dr. Butlkr,^ 
• "Mrs. Lewis Flanders, 

^ "Mrs. Thom.\s A. Ricii, 

» "Mrs. Wm. 13. Merrill, 

"Mrs. Thos. Kingsbury, 
"Mrs. O. T. Taylor, 
, "Mrs. H. J. Stoddard, 

" Mrs. Rev. E. W. Parker (absent in India)." 



The names <>f these right women arc engraved on 
• benutiful nicmorial window in Tremont Street 
ChurcA, lioston. It occupies a large space immedi- 
ately atK)ve the gallery iy the church, and is as beauti- 
ful as a work of art us it is significant as a chapter 
of remarkable history. The windcuv couNiiits of five 
panels. On tl'ie one at either sidi are floral repre- 
sentations, mostly of the lily, whili the other three 
contain the suggestfve 
record which iniparts to 
the/ window its uuic^ue in- 
terest. Tiie central panel 
has, near the top, an illn-, 
minatcd crown, while be» 
low#is a suggestive cross. 
Below these symbols are 
the words; "The Wom- 
an's Foreign Missionary 
Socirty of the Methodist 
Episcopal Churcli was or- 
ganized in this building, 
Maicli23, 1869." The two 
panels next, the center are 
inscribed with the names of the eiglit'women who on 
that day met iu the convenient committee-room of^ 
the cl'urcli and organized the Society. 

An opportunity had been extended the entire 
membership Jto share in perpetuating the memory of 
this wonderful beginning, by contributing to the ex- 
pense of the memorial. The window was unveiled 
on the twentieth anniversary, when seven of the eight 
^"founders" were present, and at the close of the after- 
noon progran* formally "received" the numerotus 



ao Woman's Fokkion AfissioNAiiy SociF.Tr, 

gue-tts in the very toom wlitrc this Society was started 
oil its soul .saving mission. The opening (Icvotional 
exercii^s of the owcasion were conducted by Mrs. U. 
F. Porter, whose faith and in the beginning 
of the work wcr- ai; inspiration to liie little band of 
workers. The Secretary of the New England Branch, 
Mcs. I,. A. Alderman, in 'behalf of the officers and 
members of the Woman'j "Foreign Mis.sionary Society 
the world over, formally presented to the tru.stees of 
Tremont Street Church— as cnstodiai^s — the beautiful 
memorial window tltrouKh their pastor. Rev. Dr. 
Brodbeck, who responded in a stirring address on the 
remarka<»le history of the Society. 

Greetings fiom Mrs. I'arker and Miss Thoburn 
were read ; the'Woman's Iloanl sent congratulations, 
and Dr. Clara Swain sixske on her experiences in 
Khetri. Then Mrs. Ur. Daniel Steele read a poem, 
fronr which we extract the closing stan/as : 

When yotnlcr picturtMl cr\slal, 

Tliroiinh wliich t!ii- Kuiili>;ht gleams, 

Itus failed like the phantduis 
Of evaiiesieiit (Irinins; , 

When I'lace ^hall he no lunger 
I'or fliis nialeriiit »nn, 
■ , In the new eartlj refnrnished, 

And the new heaven begun, — 


Then shall nieinurial grander 
Than human artists frame, ■, 

" ■ ConuneuiDrate forever 

Each wopjliy founder's name. 

To crown the hills celestial. 

That monument shall rise, 
.And all the assetnliled nations 

Behold with wondering eyes, 



I-'roin ((littering rotinitation, 
""" Uiito tile topniout (tour, 

Builiicd of raiisoincil npiritn, 

Who litaiul before lli^ ttiroiii.-. ' 

' I'rom^cvery laiiil hiiiI ikujiIc, 
< Troin every tribe iiiid tuiif^iie, 

Shall silvery, treble voices ^ 

Join the triuniphuiit hoii^, - 
They who, from ilurkest iiiiiliil^ht, 
Itowetl <luwt) with Kill iiiul tihaiiie. 
Lifted by tHesc niid rescued, 
Have truttei) Jeaus' name. 

Such, our beloved sinters, 

Shall your ineiiiorial be. 
Its splendors niultiplyiiix 

To all ele;'nity. 

At the eveninR ineetinj;; Mrs. Di. Btitlcr spoke 
briefly, the closing address being Kiveii by Dr. Butler, 
who described the "glorious vision" which he beheld 
while re.sting on the empty cry.stal throne in the 
king's palace, Delhi, December 20, 1S57, when the 
last of the Mogul emperors was being tried for the 
murder of Chri.stiaiis. He claims, by divine .sug-. 
ge.stion there originated, not only the thought of an 
orphanage to care for the many children that would 
soon be left in misery and .starvation, many of them 
the sons and daughters of the Sepoy race, but also of 
a Woman's Missionary Society in America, to send the 
means to help educate the orphan girls and carry the 
gospel into the secluded zenana^. 

At that second meeting of the Society, held March 
.^oth, a constitution was adopted embodying the recom- 
mendations of Dr. Durbin that the ladies should raise 

•,»j Woman's foHKioN MissiONAMY SociRTY. ^^ 

funds fpr n particular jxirtion of our mission work in 
Inilia, perhops also in China, ajid to leave the. admin- 
istration of the work to the Board at home and the 
mission authorities aliroad. 

The following were elected the officers: 

Mrs. Bidhop Osmon C. Ilaker» ^ , _^ 

VlCKl'«i;SII)FNTS. ' '," 1 

Mrs. Bisliop Morris, SpriiiKfifl'l. Ohio. 

Mrs. Ilisliop Janes, NeiH,York. •, 

Mrs. Itisliop'ScoU, Oilessfl, Uel. 

Mrs. Hisliop Simpsoii, I'hilBilclphia. 

Mrs. llisliop Aiiifs, St. l.oiiis, Mo. 

Mrs. Bishop Cliirk, Ciiiciniiiiti. '''V£ 

' Mrs. Bishop Thomsmi, Dt-lnware, O. 'm 

Mrs. Bisl«jp KiiiKslcy, Ck-vi-lmi.l, O. , J 

Mrs. Dr \, 1'- Durbin, Nuw Vork. • . | 

Mrs. Dr. W. h. Harris, New Vork. 

Mrs. Dr. Thomas Carlton, New York: ^ 

Mrs. Dr. Wni. Hiiller, Bramli, N. Y. 

Mrs. Dr. T. M. IMdy.Halliniorc, Mil. 

Mrs. Dr. J. 1'.. Newman, Wasliing^lon, D. C 

Mrs. Dr. Aslmry I.owry, Jackson, O. , 

Mrs. Dr, (1. D Carrow, Pliilailelpliia. * 

Mrs. \Vm. H. Spencer, Vliilailelpliia. 

Mrs. S. I.. Gracey, WilminKton, lUl. . _ ^ 

Mrs. Dr. I'.. O. Haven, .\nn Arbor, Midi. i 

"Mrs. Cook, ChicBKo. 

Mrs. Dr. D. P. Kidiler. Kvansion, HI.. ^ 

Blrs, kev. James Baunie, Rockforil, 111. ^ ^ 

Mrs. Rev. David I'atlen, Boston, :^| 

Mrs. li. !•■. I'orter, Uast Bostou. ' = 

«. Mrs. Isaac Kicli, BiDston. 

Mrs. Charles Worxlbury, Bostoi, 

Mrs. A)''ert Kllis.Sonlb Boston. 

Mrs. Rev. J. II. Twombly, CliarK'Stown, Mass. 

Mrs. C. W. Pierce, Newton, Mass. • ;: 




Mm. I'hilip Ilolway, Boston, Mu»». 

Mr>. Livenis Hull, Churlcstown. MaM. 

Mr». I.i-wi» 4''Uiiilrr», Boiloii, M«M. 

Mra. Beiijitniiii II. n»riicii, Clu'liwa, Mrh. 

Mr*. Rev. C N. Siiiitli, Wonesler, Maw. 

Mrit. Rev. Dr. U' WVnlworlli, I'ittiiliclil, Mau. 

Mm. Ri-v. K. T»)lc>r, rortlaml, Mc, 

Mr>. RrV. I>r. Joneph CutumiiiK*i Mlilillctown, Cona. 

MVs. Ri-v. Mark Trarioii, I'roviilencc, K. I. 

Mr». Ik-iijiimiii IladftiT. CoiiC""!. N. II. J 

Mr«. I'aul DilliiiKhaiii, Watfrbury, VI. 

Mri. Cenrral Clinton H. l''iak. St. L,oui«, Mo. 

Mr». Lee Clallln, llopkinton, Mas* 

Mm. (luvernor William CluHin, lloMon. 

llri. Rev. Ur. O, M. Steele, Appleton, Wit. 

Mra. h. J. Hall. 

Mrs. — — Frost. , 

Mm. Dr. Mayo. 

Mm. I). \y. (ianlener. 

Mrs. I,. li. OagKCtt. 

Mr». Hdward Otlii'ni.m. Mm. Henry Bowen. 
Mrs. William B. MvrriU. 
Mrs. M. K. Cnslinian. 
Mr«. Dr. \Voo<lvino. 
Mr». B. M. Howe. 
Mr». t>eor){e I<. Brown. 

Rl-XDRlllNC. SlXKl'TARV.. 
Mrs. H. I. Pope, 47 Rutland S<|nare, Beaton. 


Miss S. 1'. Haskill, 5JI4 Beacon Street, Boston. 


Mrs. Rul)y Warfield Tliayer, Newlonville, Mass. 

^ TrkaSI'Ri'.R. 

Mrs. Thos. A. Rich, 706 Treniont Street, Bostor. 

Mr. James P. Magee, 5 Cornliill, Boston. 

On account of declining health, Mrs. Thayer re- 
signed, and Mrs. W. F. Warren, Cambridgeport/ Mass., 

14 Woman's FoKRiG.\ Miss/oNAitySocjETY. 

Mrs. v.. W. Parker, India, and Mrs. Jenny, F. Willing, 
Rockfonl. III., wcri-cU-ctud Corrf-tpoiulinK ICditors. 
The first ])ulilic nii'i'linj; "f the Sociely Auh held 
,in the llroiiifield Street CIiukIi, KdHton, M;iy .>6. 1.S69. 
presided over by Oovenior ClatJin. Ad<lressos were 
made hy prs. Warren, Butler, and I'arker, the last \w(), 
retMrTieil missionaries frojn India, setting forth the , 
threat need for such a Society. At the close, the 
women held a special iiieetin)?, and voted to send out 
their first inis.sionary. This was an ini[x)rtant hour in 
the history of the Society. With lar^e fajtli in Gml 
and in tlieir work, hut vMh very little money in the 
treasury, they took tjiis advanced action.' Miss Tho- 
liurn, of Ohio, had heen highly»recol1imended hy the 
Slissionary Secretaries of the Parent Hoard, and 
others, and, aft^r^i general discii,ssion, one of the com- 
• tnittee. Mrs. Porltr, said: " Sliall we lose Miss ThS 
burn becnnse we have not the needed money in our 
hands to send lier.> No. rather let us walk the streets 
of Bosicn in our calipo dresses, and save the cx|)ensc 
of more costly apparel. I move, then, the appoint- 
ment of Miss Th<>l>\irM as our missionary to India." 
• 'And they all sai<t " W'c will send her." Par^ of the 
money for her expenses was borrowed, but it was soon 
paid. Very soon after this came a^ appeal from our 
, missionaries in Iiulja for a mtdical woman, if such 
could be found, to take charge of a medical class' 
which had been orj^anized in the OrphanaKc at Ba- 
rcilly. The hope was exprcs.sed that such a person 
misht find her way intoJlie zenanas, help the.sick and 
sufTerinj; who were wiHiout any medical attention, 
and thus be able to present the gospel to them.. This 
seemed rather a heroic venture. In a few mouths the 

.■iK^T9^f^'"<':lpr.y,my f/r ■" Vt'-' ■^sjt^j.tww'F'i 

• ORGANId.iriON. J5 

name of MisN CInra A. Swain, M. I>., was presented. 
The 'hi((lifMt tcstiinoninls were jri*'*"" t<> ''i-r nbility, 
aiul 4ie was accepted for tliis rcspoiisihlc iiiulc-rtakiiiK. 
These two representatives. Miss Thohiirn atiil Dr. 
Swain,' sailed from New York Noveinher ,i, 1H69, via 
HuKlaiid, for India, and reachftl their destination early 
in January* 1S70. 

Farewell nu-«tiiiKs had l)«en held in Hoston And 
New York of thrilling; interest. In those e'l^ly days 
it was not always easy to jjet a to. preside 
at a public meetitiK <>• thi!» sor), and tile brethren 
asked in the Rostoii :' Fari'weft," who had other en- 
gagements, with only e(|ualed by the Scripture .story . 
of the wed«lin(; guests, (lilbert Haven, always ready . 
to champion the weak, did not, and presided on 
this occasion, which developed -great enthusiasm, and 
was hallowed by many prayers. Another farewell 
meeting was held in old lledford Street C'hurch'in New 
Ytyk, flom which Ann to .Africa in 
1836, audits walls never held a^^rMter, a more enthusi- 
astic, or a more .symnathetic audience than gathered 
911 the evening of Novemt)cr 2, \i^. to sec- and bid 
G<h1 speed to the i>ioneer niissioimrics of the Woniaji's 
Foreign Missionary Society, and at fifty cents a ticket 
too! In its p\dpil sat Drs. J. M. Reid, Durbin, Har- 
ris, and Butler ; iMul in its chancel, on the pulpit steps, 
and wherever there was room, sjt a host of uiinLsters? 
from New York and adjacent cities,' to see thik strange 
thing that had come to pass, when two young women 
^\ould leave their home and frien<ls to sail thqusands 
of miles away to a foreign shore, with no pledge of ' 
support save that of a handful of women! " ' 

The'work of organization went bravely on. Aux- 



a6 Woman's fOKKicN MisstosAKr SociKTr. 

iliury .Societies sprang up evcrywiicrc, and missioiinry 
•Hlhusiiusiii was kiiulltd in the lioiiu; and in the 
Cliurch. Lynn, Mass., claims to Ik- the first to re- 
spond, several Chunhcs uniting in one Auxiliary. At, in many of the cities, only union Anxiliaries 
were forjned, as was the case in New York, when on 
June gth, in the chapel of St. I'aul'sChnrch a StKiety 
was organized auxiliary to the one in Bo.ston. Brook- 
lyn churches organized June 19th; then followed, in 
1869, Bedford Street. Albany, Sing-Sing, and Troy. 
JoHrne> ing westward, the first Auxiliary in Ohio was 
organi/.ed in St. Clairsville, by Mis.s Thoburn, aftek 
her appointment as the first missionary of the new So- 
ciety. Then fi)llowed five others in th-ir order — St. 
Paul's, Delaware; .'Beltaire; Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati; 
Wheeling, West \'irginia, and William Street, iTclaware. 
Proceeding to Chicago as a center, we find Mr;^. 
Jeanettc G. Hauscr, a returned missionary from India, 
then in Milwaukee, was in corre-^pondence with Mrs. 
Parker in relation to the founding </ tiie .Society, and 
had promised her hearty .support. As soon as she 
learned that the organization was really effected, she 
set out to hayc an Auxiliary in Milwaukee. Early in 
June she had secured ten members, collected the Tecs, 
and had thirty subscriptions to the Heathen Woman's 
Frinid. Sunday evening, June 20th, Mrs. Jennie F. 
Willing organized an Auxiliary in Rockford, III., with 
twenty five members and forty subscribers to the 
Friend, and on the morning of that same day a notice 
was read in all the Methodist Churches in Milwaukee,* 
calling the pledged members, and any rthers who 
would join, to meet on the following Wednesday and 
elect officers. 

*'T^H8|»i*^ ■ 



♦ MrH. WilliiiK was inviled to visit St. Loiiia, and ou 
April 3, i|^o. Auxiliaries were formed in Union, 
Trinity, and Central Cliiirches. 

Love and zeal deepened as the work was laid upon 

(..'g...'."- ■ — 






Li " 





^mL ' 










' .JC 


1 , . 



the Cliiiichcs. The method adopted for raising funds 
and i.nisccutinK the work of the Society was not by 
public collections for special work, ,but by every 
Christian woman laying aside two cents a \»eck, or the 
payment of one dollar a year, which .should consti- 
tule membership. So small was the amount that all 

1,1 . # » 

aS " WoMA.y '.s /^oKHti.y Mtss/of/.mr Sociti j . , 

wonivii, even the inoM luinitilc, coiild have a Hhare in 
. the work. The aim was to have un Anxiliary in 
every Church, ami every woman a memher. This 
was the first i>r);inii:ittioiro/ the littlts tliat have con- 
tinued to make a lull ami steady slream.Qf*bencricence. 
Not only, was the need sown in cilies and viilaKes, 
but at camp-nieftinK" ''l**©. September 17, 1869, ac- 
cording; to the fecripts of the Treasurer, Mrs. Rich, 
the first money Kiveii at a camp-meeting was at SiiiK- 
Sing, N. *., when several women contributed tlnJ sum 
of twenty dollars, and were thereby constituted life 
members. (.)tbers j-ave varying amonnts, which, al- ' 
togel'ier, aggregated ;5j7H.25. 

, .♦ ROvVISi:!! ow.anizXtion. 

The briginal plan of leaving the entire manage- 
ment of the' work st home to the General Society^ 
or Parent lloard, an<l of the work aliroad to its mis- 
sionaries w\ the field, proved within the firtit year 
impracticable through llu rapid growtlt'of Auxiliaries, 
. and the fact that the whole scheme wasWscd upon a 
' constant and systematic gleaning of small sums, im- 
; possible le accomplish except ■ by special methods. 
Tlierefore, what had becif planned' fi) meet tho" re- 
• «iuireiiieiits, so far as could then be antici])atcd, was 
'' found td be Inadeiiuate to meet the necessities of the 
» growth of the work. 

. ' Hence, in December, JH69, a new constitution was 

frijmed, on aiiotlwr pla», arrangkig (ipr co-ordinate 

Branches, comprising certain districts with liead-'* 

qnarters"at 'specified cities. The legislative power was 

' - ' vested m a Oenera* Executive Committee, composed 

.- of the Corri^ponchng ■ Secreltary and two delegates 

OkganIxatios. 19 

from etich Branch, who hhouKl iiicct< annually and 
have the general luanaKi'nieiit of tlic affairs of the 
Society. This new constitution, outtininx a plan of 
work 'so aduiiraMe that there has 'ticver been oc-^n to change' it in any important detail, was sub- 
mitted to ilie I'^rent Board Missionary Society for 
its approval and Haiiction, which it rtocived. This 
comprehensive plan included, in 1895, some 6,333 
organizations and i53,5H4 individuals, llu-ough whom, 
in steadily increasing amounts, Hhout jf_^, 500,000 has 
been realized,' the money colljcted and applied directly 
to the work abroad without the interveutign of a single 
salaried officer. 

The work of Hranch ^organizations went rapidly 
forward in the following order: Xew I'.ngland, March 
loth; New Ytfrk, June 10, 1869. Philadefphia, March 
3d; Northwestern, March 17th; Western, Apfil 4th; 
and Cincinnati, April 6, 1S70. * - 

In districting the Church, provision was made for 
the orgaijizalion of Branches in the Southern pnd 
I'acific States. In what follows, for a time I .shall 
keep clyse to the guidalice of Mrs. Gracey's. " twenty 
ye.^rs " of history. ' 

A year soon passed — a year of laUor, of new experi- 
ences; a year in which prejuiliceslijjjlo be overcome 
among both ministers and nienj)(frs ot**t}ie Church ; 
for .some feared that tlie Soorely in its operations 
mi^ht interfere with the collections of xhe Parent Hoard. 
The women who *\ere working had iiot been trained 
in business methods, but they realized they were being 
di*'inely led. 

The time drew near for the first annual meeting 
under the revised con.stitution. It was a gathering 

. >.;^*..■ ■ , 



30 Woman's Fokeion Missionasy Soc/sry. 

looked foTward to with the deepest interest. - Women 
who had been called out from the quiet seclusion of 
their homes to do this untried work, were to assemble 
from all parts of the country to rehearse their experi- 
ence. They had undertaken a work requiring human 
love and superhuman faith. The objects of their 
prayerful interest were thousands of miles away, far 
over the seas — women they had never seen. They 
had tried, during the year, to represent their condition 
to the women of the Church. They were to report 
their success in gleaning financial fields and in gather- 
ing the sheaves which had been let fall, "some of the 
handfuls, of purpose, for her." This gathering meant 
much, and many, eyes were turned towards the meet- 
ing-place cf the tribes, and many hearts were uplifted 
in prayer. * 

The first Ge-:r"-al Executive convened in BostoiT", 
at the 01 T.irs. T. A. Rich, April 20, 1870, and 
the six organized Branches were represented by the 
following persons: The New England Branch, by 
Mrs. W*. F. Warren, Mrs. Dr. Patten, Mr.s. L. Flanders; 
the New York Branch, by Mrs. William Butler, Mrs. 
H. ^. Skidmore, and Mrs.. J. Olin; the Philadelphia 
Branch, by Mrs. J. T. Gracey, Mrs. A. V.,Eastlake; 
the Cincinnati Branch, by Mrs. E. W. Parker, who 
had just organized that Branch; the Northwestern 
Branch, by Mrs. J. F. Willing, Mrs. F. Jones ; and the 
Western Branch, by Mrs. L. E. Prescott. Mrs. Dr. 
Patten presided at this meeting. The report showed 
that $4,5.16.86 had been rai.sed during the year, and 
one hundred Auxiliaries had been organized. On 
Thursday, April 21st, an anniversary was held, and 
four returned missionaries were present, who, with 

Organization. ,31 

others, made addresses on ftHfereiit phases of the 
foreign work and its home development. During the 
session of this committee, estirtiates' from India were 
received asking for $10,000, which was appropriated; 
and $300 was appropriated to China 'for work in 
Foochow, Kiukiang, and Peking. This seemed a large to undertake. The previous year had been suc- 
cessful, po.ssibly because the enterprise was new; but 
would wise to attempt to raise .so large an amount 
for another year? ' But these were women of large 
Jaith, and Mrs. K. W. PaiJcefinade a motion that the 
amount for the coming year be made $20,000. The 
motion was unanimously adopted. It seemed almost 
impracticable for an association of ladies pledged to 
make no special efforts, like church collections, toward 
raising money, but simply by membership dues and 
private donations, to bring together in so few months 
so many thou.shnds of dollars. This amount of money 
was apportioned among the Branches as follows: 

New Hnglaiul, f,>.00O 

New York ' . 6,ooi> ^ 

riiilndelpliiii 2,500 

* Nortl^wcstcrii, 6,oou 

Ciiiciimnti 1,800 

Western : . .' 700 

^ f20,0CX) 

Previous to tjiis, some money had been paid over 
to Dr. Harris for the .support pf a Bible-reader in 
Moradabad, which was really the first work actually 
adopted by the Society. 

The Girls' Orphanage at Bareilly, India, in which, 
at that time, were about 150 girls, was made over by 


the General Missionary Conimittce of the Churlih to 
the Society at tliis meeting. Reports were made con- 
^ cerning girls' schools that had been opened at special 
stations, and Bible women employed dnring the year. 
The magnitnde of the work liecame clearer at this 
meeting than ever, before. These women went out 
to the work of another year, burdened but hopeful, 
to make a combined movement forward. The next 
year the work became more thoroughly systemizcd'at 
home, and they began to " strengthen the stakes and 
lengthen the cords." , 

At the .second .session of the Committee, which 
convened in Chicago >May i6, 1871, we'find the nuhi- 
ber of Auxiliary Societies increa.scd to 614, and over 
26,000 meniber.'i and not only the $20,000 in hand, 
but $?,ooo more. The first business was the divi.sion 
of the Philadelphia JJjiflnch territory, ceding to the 
Baltimore ladies tiie tesrilory of Maryland, the District 
of Columbia, and Eastern Virginia, ^hese Iwd gjven 
u]) their ((inner organization, under wh,ich they had 
earnestly worked for years in behalf of the mission at 
Foochow, China, and had reorganized as a Branch of 
the Woman's Fqreig^ ^li.ssionary Society. During 
this session came the news from Georgia that the ' 
eighth Branch had been formed. It received, acc(>rd-\ 
ing to reii\ast, permi.s.sion to headquarters at 
Atlanta, 'Georgia. 

The estimates which came from India this year 
were nearlV double in of the previous 
year. This l)U(1get included (the of sending out 
several new missionaries, and the support of those al- 
ready in the field, and increased appropriations for 
schools and Bible-readers. China now asked to be 
heard. From -Peking a petition was received for 


over $5,000; besides, they desired the support of 
lady teachers and of school-work. Two ladies were 
•appointed for Peking. In Jthe autumn of 1S70, Miss 
Fannie J. Sparkes had gone to join Miss Thoburn 
and Dr. Swaiu in India. Ktoni these ladies, and from 
the faithful wives of the missionaries, there came most 
eiicouraKing and inspiring reports of the work in the 
mission field, {Jroving that the year's labor, here at 
home, in collecting funds, had been balanced by a ^-ear 
of constant activity in the mission, the results of 
which had been in every respect as great as those of 
the home workers. -Miss Thoburn, at Lucknow, had 
organized schools, and put them in excellent oj\era- 
tioii ; niacfe many personal visits to thenailve women, 
and superintended the work of Bible-readers. 
Swain's medical ability had had constant exercise, 
gaining for her admi.s.sion to many phces which other- 
wise had remained resolutely closed, and preparing 
the way for others to follow, and care for tjie good 
seed «owu. The class of girls she had under medical 
instruction made good progre.s.s. 

ih" ihest "^arV)! .days a wor/1 of encouragement 
meant very much. The IhsIk^s, iilnloM' without ex- 
ceiition, most heartily indorsed the "work of the So- 
ciet\ , some of them enthusiastically addressing public 
meetings. Others, whose indorsement ani commenda- 
tion are a matter of record, ftre the Missionary Secre- 
taries, I)rs. Durbin and Harris ; the Hoard of Mana- 
gers of the Missionary Society; the Maine Confer- 
ences; Cincinnati Methodist Preadier.s' Meeting, 
through the President, Granville Moody; Boston 
Preachers' Meeting, through its President, George 
Prentice; India Mission Conferelice; Dr. J. M. Trim- 
ble, always a warm friend and safe counselor; educa- 
3 ' -. 

34 U'o.w.'ijv 's FoKErGS Missionary Society. - 

tors Warren, Cummings. Cooke, Donelson, Bugbee, 
Kidder, Rayfaqjid, and E. O. Haven ; editors Lore, 
Merrill, House, Wiley, Reid, and Gilbert Haven; also 
Dfs. Dashiell, Olin , Fowler, Hatfield, Spencer, and 
Mrs. Wittenmeyer and Frances F^. Willard. 

The missionaries of the General Society were al- 
ways sure allies. Couspicnous among them, at first and 
through all the years, may be mentioned J. M. Tho- 
burn and S. L. Baldwin. ' 

In 1873, very earnest applications were received 
for extending the work into Mexico and Soutli Amer- 
ica. In 1.S77, Italy and Bul^ria were opened by the 
employment of Bijile-readers at various points. 

, In all these fields, every. Christian agency was util- 
ized for reaching and saving the women and girls. 
Direct evangelistic work through mi.ssionaries, Chris- 
tian women, and Bible women ; indirect evangelistic 
work, by establishing and sustaining day and board-' 
ing schools ; through benevolent agencies, such as or- 
phanages and medical work, carried on by American 
and native workers; the establishment of hospitals 
and dispensaries; and by crtiating a native Christian 
literature. At the of 1879, or first decade, we 
find the work well establi.shed in India, China, Japan, 
V Africa, Ital?^ vSoulh America, and Mexico: with 38 
nltetiotiarips in the field, 200 Bible women and'natfve 
teacliers; 6 hospitals and dispensaries; 15 boarding- 
schools, with 696 pupils; 115 day-sckools, with nearly., 
3,000 pupils; 3 orphanages, with 347 pupils, and two 
homes for friendless women, the annual ap]>iT)priation 
for the work having increased to $89,000. Homes had 
been built for the missionaries, .school-buildings erected, 
and permanency given to every branch of the work. 


Chapter II. 


THE history of the Society Ion the Hcxt ten years 
is simply that of continued and increased activities 
as the way opened, and as there came the ability 
to occupy. livery effort was made to establish and 
strengthen the work in (land. Into all fields more 
missionaries were sent. 

At the Committee meeting in Bnffalo, iu May, 
1 88 1, the time of the annual meeting was changed so 
that the financial year would conform to that of the 
Parent^ Board. In 1883 the German work was com- 
menced, which has since extended to Switzerland and 
Germany. The territory of the Western Branch was 
divided into three separate Branches; viz., the Des 
Moines, Topeka, and Minneapolis, Possibly the most 
important parj of the work that year was the estab- 
lishment in India, by the Society, of an illustrated 
Christian paper, called The Woman's Friend. In 1884 
the first missionary was sent to Bulgaria. The So- 
ciety was incorporated tliat year under the laws j)f the 
SUitt (^ New York. Iu 1885 a missionary was sent 
to Koix-a. 

TWe Society, on Ifeaming of the neglect and threat- 
ened obliteration of the grave of Ann Wilkins, one 
of the pioneers of woman's niissionarv work, took ac- 

'*t1oir tt>.pro\»ide a suitable resting-place for the remains", 
of the honored dead. ' 'A nmgnifictijt .site do- 
nated by the trustees of Maple Grove Ce^nettry, 

■■\ . " 35 

r;«f?^^m''^'^5'^w^^ ■ 

36 Woman's Foreign MissiONAKV Society. 

Long Island, and a beautiful memorial service was 
held on the interment, June 19, 1886. Bishop Harris 
read the impressive burial service, and Dr. J. M. Reid, 
Missionary Secretary, made the address. Rev. Stephen • 
Merritt removed the remains, as a loving service. 
Mrs. Kennard Chandler .says: 

"On opening the grave, wc' found the casket, in 
jWhich Ann Wilkins had rested for nearly thirty 
•years, perfect and entire. Its plate bore the inscrip- 
tion : 'Ann Wilkins. Diefl November, 1857. Aged 
51 years, 4 months, 13 days.' 

" With reverent hand the undertaker removed the 
preci^s remains to the casket we had brought. He re- 
niarkeal 'Here is her right arm.' 'Give it to nie,' I .said; 
and as I pressed it in my own, I gave this living hand 
in renewed consecration to the cause she loved so well, 
and kneeling over that wide-open grave, fdled With the 
pure air of heaven, baptized witU the glorious sun- 
light, across the more than a <|uarter of a century since 
that tired hand had rested on her breast, there came to 
me a (juick vibration, almost as flTough the harp held 
by lier magic hand had throbbed a double note of 
praise. O hands, that ministered to the lowliest, now 
striking clear notes of praise on harp whose quivering 
chords .send out endless notes of melody ! O feet, so 
many limes weary with the march and countermarch 
of Kfe, now., laving in the crystal river, now tarrying be- 
neath the tree pf life, branches, full-clustered, 
hang low, and now flying with speed, somp angelic 
message of lo\e to convey ! Upon her head I placed 
niy hand — head tliat ached and eyes* that wept, as she 
cried, 'O, Africa! Africa! would that I might gather 
thee into the fold!' The crown rests now lipon -thine 




uplifted brow, ' how richly stucUktt with ilashing 
jewels !" 

The monument bears the following inscriiition : 
"Here lies Ann Wilkins, a Missionary of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church to Liberia, from 1836 to 1856. 
Died November 13, 1857, aged 51 years. ^laving 
little money at command, she gave herself Erected 
by the Woman's Eoreign Missionary Society.' The 
cost of the 'monument was $319.05. This amount 
was contributed by the various Branches. 

During the session of the seventeenth (icneral 
Executive Conunittee in I8.s6, in ProvidtUce, tidings 
came of the death of that most honored veteran in 
missionary service, Miss Beulah Woolston, and the 
following was placed on record : 

> " Resolved, That we recognize in the sisters Wool- 

ston the pioneers of that distinctive work for women 
in the mission field of our Church which is now its 
crowning glory; that we believe, chiefly to thij con- 
sistent beauty of their lives, the faithfulness of their 
labors, their spirit of self-sacrifice in the .service of 
their Master, are due the solidity, and of our 
work in Foochow. They laid the foundations ; others 
have entered into their labors." 

The two sisters, Beulah and Miss Sarah 
Woolston, sailed for* China, with other mi.ssionaries, 
October 4, 1858. After a voyage of one- hundred and 
forty-seven days around the Cape of Gooa Ho])e,'they 
landed at Shanghai, February 27, i'859, and reached 
Foochow March 19th. They were sent out by the 
Parent Board, but their work was supported by the 
" China Female Miasionary vSociety." of Baltimore, 
until the organization of the Woman's Foreign Mis-' 

W"'^W^^f^:;^T^»-'^^'^^ ''^^^^ ,^ 


» , ■* • 

sionary Society, wIrmi it was transferred to it. In 
1882, both of tliem, much Urokcii in health, returned . 
to the yhiited States. Ociober 24, iSiRj, Miss Beuiah 
fell asleep in Jesus. . . •s 

A memorial from tlve Pacific jva.s received :, 
in 1888, by the Committee, asking; for the orgnni/.a- / 
tion of a Pacific BranchuW^irtr' ■was;- granted, and 

thus the work spreads fron^ the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific. AuKJUg tile measures ol.spCtial importance in 
l8.Sg was the ap|)()intment of a German editor for the 
llcidtit J'lauiii l-'iciind. and Miss Margaretlia Dreyer 
as ,-^Mperiiitenilent of German witfk, and ejititled to 
' Mieiiiliership iiv^the Committee; arrangements for 
a cliiid's niDuthly ; the revision of by-laws, incor- 
porating among others, the resolution that the first 
yeax of missionary life shall be largely devoted to 
study, and that the salary shall be $200 less than 
subsequent >ears. ^ 

A new experitnce came tc the Committee in its 
twentieth vear. One of the leaders had fallen at her 

V - ■ 

post. The Northwestern Branch had lost its stand- 
'ard-bearer. Mrs. E. A. B. Hoag, the efficient Corre- 
s])on(ling Secretary, died at her home in Albion, Mich., 

■ Sei)tember 26th. Loving the Master and loving His 
work, she sacrificed comfort and .strength to serve. 
The vSociety had the largest income in its history 

. to report at its twentieth ;tiniversar> — $226,496.15, 
which was an advance over, the preceding year of over 
$20,000. There had been general advancement in all 
departments of this growing work. The total organ- 
izations were 5,531, with a membership of 135,229. 
There were ninctv-eighl missionaries in the various 
fields, and during the year unprecedented demands 

f ' If^S^^SP^f^'^Pi'W*^^ 

'JtA.g<Sj.V>.-- ^ 



40 ll'o.uA.x 's FoMEKiS' Missioy.ifiy Soc/Err. 


caiiR' from iiiission fields for increased aiipropriations, overwliclming tlie Coniiiiittee , under the 

The General Executive Comtnittte, held in Kansas 
City in 1891, was nicniorable in that it was saddened 
by the sense of loss of one of its most active and effi- 
cient ineinl)ers, Miss Isabel Hart, who had been re- 
leased from her sufferings Se])teniber stli. ^ She was 
one of the first <jf the original Secretaries called home. 
She was missed 1^ all the deliberations of the body. 
Clear iirher di!?cyssions, pr.vtical in her suggestions, 
wise in advice, iflie was leaned upon, and looked up to 
by her associates. /-^ 


, "I ^li:ill xtill lit reiiiciiibercil by what I liave done." 

Miss Mail has stood among the workers, 
not only of the Society, but in all Church, benevolent ' 
and educatioii.Tl work. Her name carried with it 
.soiiKlliing of the charm of her iiiflueiice even to di.s- 
taiit l.inds; for .she inspired by her devotion, not only 
workers /f»-, but worker/;;;, our mission fields. With 
her pen'she rendered valuable .service to the cause of 
missiyns in her -ontributions to the Church papers 
and to the Htutlicn li'oiiiu/i's Friend, aXso in biograph- 
ical sketches and popular leaflets. Mrs Gracey pre- 
pared a sketch of her life, by the recjuest of' friends 
in Hallimpre, which was beautifully bcluud in silver 
and white. 

The Society in 1892 put itself on record against 
the opening M the World's Fair at Chicago, in 1893, 
on the'S;0)bat)li. The eleventh Rraiich was author- 
ized, at that .ses.sion, from the farthermost bounds of 
the Minneapolis Rranch, to be called the Columbia 



Rifer Branch. When the next annual meeting cou- 
vaicd in' St^^Paul, in 1893, there were two present of 
those who were at the first meeting in 1870 in Bos- 
ton. They were Mrs. Skidmore and Mrs. Gracey. 
The General Missionary Committee w«re in ses.siou in 

MRS J 1 

Minneapolis. In vi<?w of the hard times, that Com- 
mittee sounded a retreat, and the Church retreated. 
_ Result, a decrease of over S47,cxx) from the receipts 
of the Jireceditig year. The'Woman's Society made 
an advance of Si4.(xx). and at tlie oi the year 
1894 the rccei])ls totnled tfie sum of $v 1.925-96, 
which was an increase of more than #34.000. The 


4.3 Woman 's Forei(;n Mis.sioyAiiVSociF.n: 

personnel of that tv^cnty-fourtli session, incliiding its 
interested visitors, \\:\s (|iiiti- rL-niarkable. There were 
seven l)ish()i)s aiul tlie wives of four, and the diuighter 
of another, who were most valuable factors in tlit_ 
pleasure and profit of the meetings. There were also 
fifteenunissiqnaries, representing seven fields of labor, 
as veil as six others of the General Society. Sojve 
legislation affecting deacoiit's^ wark wa* intro- 
duced, to the effect that all inim^ried wanien em- 
ployed by the Methodist Hpiscopal Church shall b« 
sent through tlie Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety, and al> money given for tliis purpose shall lie 
paid into the treasury of the Woman's .Society, and 
that all matters pertaining to the pro|>erty for Dea- 
coness Homes shall be under the control of the 
Woman's Society. Ever mindful of the valuable serv- 
ice rendered by wives of missionajies, it was resolved 
that all such shall have a right to take part,. and vote 
in all meetings relating to tlu; busi4iess or wcifk of the 
Woman's Foreign Missiouav Society. The year 1894 
marked an important epoch in the history of the So- 
ciety — llie close of the first tpiartft of a century-- 
and was duly celebrated as a Silver Anniversary, special 
effort being made to make the occasion noteworthy 
by a free-will offering w'orthy 'of the cause. About 
$25,000 euriclicd the treasury. The building of the 
Wonian'ti College in Luckuow was to pfoCeed as a 
, meinorial to Mrs. William F. Warren. Through fire. 
Hoods, labor troubles, and financial depressioii, the 
Societvi, in it.'j twenty-fifth year, niarthed with steady 
Step, placing in its treasury the magnificent sum' 
shown above. Over 150 boxes were .sent that year to 
the various mi.ssion fields — veritable object-lessons of 


Christian love. Fifteen new missionaries were sent 
out, and t\felvc otlars accepted. The Society became 
a pioneer in Sumatra, opened new work in Paraguay, 
among the Ilhotiyas, ah.d in \ China. There were 
present, at this session of.the Coniuiiltee in Wa.shing- 
ton, those who had helped to lay the foundations of 
thg Society. They had ceaselessly since aided in 
carrying its burdens, and their prayers and their wis- 
dom in council hacl through those years aided to guide 
the org;ini/.ation, till it has become a marvelous power 
in the Church and in the world. 

Before the time for an_pther annual meeting, the 
Society hijd lost one of its most helpful friends, Mrs. 
Adaline M. Smith, of Chicago, who went to be with 
Christ the morning of July 4, 1895. Her life had been 
a i\inaikabie e.vainple of faithful Christian .stewa'rd- 
ship, giving away to various Methodist causes durmg 
the twelve years of Iter widowhooil, $135,428, or 
$10,000 more than the valuation of her estate when 
her husbaiirt, Philander Smith, a godly and generous 
man, diecf. She had done this deliberately, prayer- 
fully, most unostentatiously, and most wisely. India, 
China, Jai)an, and Africa join with us in the home 
land in sorrowing over her departure. ' 

Three years before, Mrs. Elizabeth Sleeper Davis, 
of JJo.ston, had been summoned to her reward. She 
wa'^ making a tour of the globe, visiting our mission 
fields, ^wliere she had founded schools and scholarships. 
Her long journey, of nearly two years, had brought 
her on her return as far as Berlin, Germany, and on 
the Htli of May, 189I, she heard the heavenly sum- 
mons to cross over. Loving hands brought her Dody 
across the .sea, and placed it beside her precipus.dead 

44 IVoAtAN 's F0SKK7N M/ss/o\.iKy Soc/STy. 

in the cemetery at Augusta, Maine. Like her Master, 
she " went about doing good." Slie gave not only her 
money, but her hand, her heart, her love. The largest 



bequest the Society ever received, $25,000 in; 1894, 
was from the estate of Mrs. Davis.. 

The work of the Society and the cause of missions 
generally have been advanced on some unusual oc- 

iNCKEASiNa Activities. 45 

casions. Mrs. Mary T. Latlirop, when Conference 

Secretary, " preached the anniint missionary sermon 
before the Detroit Conference in Ann Arbor." Mrs. 
L. A. Hagan.s, of Chicago, while traveling ii\ Europe 
in 1886, attended the Swiss and German Conffrencts, 
and on being asked to speak in the interests of the 
Society — through Dr. Nipperf, as interpreter — she 
proceeded to organize the women into a .society, by 
proxy, their hu.sbands, the members of the Confer- 
ences, giving their names. When Mrs^Bishop New- 
man was in C<)))etihagen, Denmark, in 1890, she lec- 
tured on the Woman's Foreign Missionary Socipty 
before a large audience of women, and organized a 
Society, which, in 1894, reported se\xnty members. 
.Mrs. Mary C. Nind was sent to London to attend' 
the World's Missionary Conference, June 9^-20, 1888. 
Miss Franc Baker was out of three speakers (the 
other two being Chaplain McCabe Sin'd Bishop Wal- 
deu) who gave addresses at the great missionary 
nia.s.s-iiieeting on Su'iymy afternoon, May i, 1892, at 
the General Conference in Omaha. 

During the lime of the F^xposition in 
Chicago, in 189^, Mrs. J. T. Gracey furnished two im- 
portant papers for the Congresses. "jVVoman's Work 
for African Women" was read at the World's Con- 
gress on Africa, in August: "Woman's Medical Work" 
was read at the Woman's of Missions in 
October. ' "• 

Miss Mary A. Danforth, returned mi.ssionary from 
Japan, spoke at Ocean Grove, morning in the 
summer of 1895. to an audience of ten thousand per- 
sons, the only lady ever invited to take the Sunday 
morning service. . » 

■. , Chapter III. 


THE Nhw England Branch was organized in 
the chapel of Treniont Street Church, March lo, 
1870, embracing the New England Slates, with head- 
quarters in Boston. The annual meetings were held 
at headquarters rfntil 1881. Since then they have 
been held in Haverhill, Springfield, Portland, Burling- 
ton, Lowell, New Haven, St. Johnsbury, Manchester, 
Meriden, Portland, and Lynn. 

• Mrs. Dr. Patteli, the President, served .seven 
years; Mrs. Dr. Warren, twelve years; Mrs. Dr. Park- 
Imrst, five years, Manning Uodg- 
kint^was elected, in 1894. 

Mrs. Dr. Warren was the first Corresponding Sec- 
retary. She .served three years, and was succeeded 
by Mrs. Dr. Latimer for ' a term t»f one year, when 
Mrs. C. P. Taplin was appointed and served four 
years. I'Niiliiig health compelled her resignation, and 
Mrs. M. P. Alderman, who had .served as Conference 
Secretary four years, was elected, and has served in 
that capacity since June 11, 1H78, witfl Clara M. 
Cushman as home Secretary since October, 1892. 

The Recording Secretaries have been Mrs. Daggett, 
Miss Fairfield, Miss Rich.'jrd.sou, Mrs. Curti.s, and 
Mrs. Buell. I 

Mrti. T. A. Rich served nine year.s as Treasurer; 
Mr&.sMagee, ten years and a half; Miss Holt, from 
46 "• 


MKS. MAKV C. NlNl). 




Bkasch HisroHY. ^ 40 


October, i8»9. In 1H94, Conference Treasurers were 

Tlie Nkw York Branch was first organized in 
the chapel of St. Paul's Church, June 10, iH6g, prior 
to any Auxiliaries, although the first one was organ- 
ized in Brooklyn the same day, with Mrs. Dr. \V. L. 
Harris, Tresidcnt. The Branch was orKahi/ed as an 
Auxiliary to the Society in Boston. Its officers were: 
President, Mrs. VVm. Butler; Corresponding Secretary, 
Miss ICleanor Burling; Recording Secretary, Miss 
Helen I". Smith; Treasurer, Mrs. Joltu Elliott. Owing 
to the ilhiess of Miss Burling's mother a change was 
■made, and Mrs. George Lansing Taylor was elected 
Corresponding Secretary. When thc^evised consti- 
tution was adopted, Mar^h, 1K70, the proper date Of 
the New York Branch as sudi began. 

' The office of President has been filled .succes.sively 
hy Mrs. William Butler, Mrs. Stephen Olin, Mrs. J. 
A. Wright, Mrs. S. L. Baldwin; that of Correspond- 
ing Secretary, by Miss Burling, Mrs. G. L. Taylor, 
Mrs. William Butler, Mrs. Wm. B. Skidmorc; that of 
Recording Secretary, f>y ^fi5.s. Helen F. Smith, Miss 
Henrietta H. Holdich, Mrs. O. H. Tiffany," Mrs. J. T. 
Crane; Mrs. J. H. Knowles; that of Treasurer, by 
Mrs. John lUliott, Mrs. J. A.Wright, Mrs. Oj-ange J«dd, 
Mrs. J. M. Cornell, Mrs. H. J. Heydecker. 

In 1872, Mrs. Butler went with her hu.sband to open 
nii.ssions in Mexico, and Mrs. Skidmore was elected 
to fill the qffice, which she has since held. Mrs. 
Knqitvles was also elected Recording Secretary that 
year, and with the exception of two years has held 
the oflice to the present. ^ 

30 U'OAf.iA/ 's r-OHRicN MjuswyAKr Socisty. ', 

The PiiiLAi)it(,FHiA'llRANCH was orgiini/ed March 
3, 1870, and Ihf first ftjur years was called " Cuntral 
Branch." The first olficers were : President, Mrs. J. 

*T. C.racey; Recording Stiretary, Miss V.. A. Town- 
send, wtu) has always been her own snccesMjr; Cor- 
responding Secretary, Mw. »r idKtlake ; Treamirer, 
Mrs. A. W. Rand. It k a little singular thai the * 
UraHch^has had fonr Presidents, Mrs, C.ratey, Mrs. 
Keen, Mrs. Long, Mrs. Wheeler; frfiir Corresponding 
vSectetaries, Mrs. Kastlakc, Mrs. Oracey, Mrs. Long- 
acre, Mrs. J, F. Keen; four Triasnrers, Mrs. Rand,, 
Mrs. Whitaker, Mr.s. Cahoon, Mis. Hisho]) Foss. It 
is also interestiiig to note how Mrs. (Iracey was as- 
sociated with the earliest liistoryof the Hranch. She 
opened the first nieetin^; (before organi/alion ); she made 
tho first missionary address, was elected first Presi- 
dent; her name stands first on thj; li-,t of life iiiini- 
liers; the first "sijecial wt)rk " was the support of an 

. orphan named Annie (iracey. The first milebox 
opened belonged to Mrs. Gracey's little .daughter, and 
the first money paid out by the Hranch Treasurer 
was to Mrs. Gracey " for expen.scs." 

The VoKTiiwKSTicKN iJHANcii wati organized in ' 
Clark Street Church, Chicago, March 17, 1K70, with ' 
Hi Auxiliaries aiul .^,750 members.* The Presidents 
elerted have been Mrs. Hishop IlainliiK', Mrs. Gover- 
nor Hcveridge, and Mrs. I. R. Hitt since 1N76, save 

•The oflictrs of this lir.iticli, whose portr.iils iin- >;ivcii on 
tlie oppositr paxc iirti'iii tin- lop row. .Mrs. Mary 11. Hitt, 
Mrs. .Siir:ili i;. Crainlon . in tlie niidilk- row, Mrs. I,. II. Jcn- 
nin^s, Mrs. I) I). York; am! in llie lowest row, Mrs. Millie P. 
Mtredilli. Mrs. (lerlruile I'oolty. , 




'"''"■' ' • " ■ ■ *,' • 

BKim n fiisn>*v. 53 

one year, in \HHt, wIkii Mr.v Tlios. A. Mill <terve(b\ 
Mrs. Jeniiii- F. Willing K'lvf fnurtton cotisiiiitivc 
years as Corropoiidiii^F Swritary: tlifii Mrs, T. A. 
Hill, Mrs !•;, A. no:ij», mill Miss Mary Raridaii. ihcIi 
•Kt-rved short terms, <li«tli coiitinK In Mrs, Iloa^ wliik- 
in office. Siiuf iHHij, Mrs. p. I'. Cramloii has tu'eii 
fk-ttcd ninitially. The lal>ors of tlie treasury dcpart- 
nieiit liave lu-eii sliared early aii<l late liy Mesdallies 
l-'rtwler. Oueal, Miller, Hortoii. Crandoii, and Preston, 
the Mlsklfy M'lry Iv I'lestm and Jtlary A. <land)lc, 
an<l Mrs. H \y. \'orlc. Tliose who have hee'i (leeted 
as Recording Secretaries are: Me.sdanies Kent. Dan- 
forth. Willard. Hill.^IUhh , Ouine, Ismvett^ Miss IClla 
Patten, and Mesd.mies Calder, llenkle, and Jennings. 
Mrs. Calder servec) for TiKht yearsy .Mrs. JtnniuKs was 
elected in iM'<i. A T'irst Vicel'resident was created 
in 1891, with Mrs I. N Danforth in ofTice for tw^ 
years; then Mrs. K M. Poohy. A Secretary of the 
Home Department was also ircaled In iSv'."i'li Mrs. 
L. Meredith elected; and Conference Treasnrers were 
also elected that year. 

The ClNClNN.\Tl I1k,\NCii was organized with five 
An.xiliaries, ,\pril 6. 1.S70. in Trinilv Clinrcli, Cincin 
nati, Uy Mrs. Iv \V. Parker. Mrs. Hishop Clark was 
elected President, and filled the ofl"i(ji' over twenty- 
three >e'rirs, KV\ in^ to it her consecrated life and ripe 
experience. She had only laiil"<lown her work, it 
seemed, when suinnioiicd "to the U|)p(r.saiictnary, to 
be " forever will; the I.,ord." Mrs. Itisho]) Joyce suc- 
cee(K(l,jher, an<l in 1H94 Mrs. \Vni. H. Davis, dan^jhter 
of Mrs. Clark, was el-jcted. , 

Miss Delia Lathrop, Mr:\ Gilbert. Mrs. W. A. 

54 ll'o.y^llV'.S I'OttBltiN MiSSIONAKV' SOCJBTr. 

lianil'K'. ami Mrs. Weiiley Unmiltoii, in turn, st-rved 
■ ns K(H'<>r<linK Sriritary. •Mr-< C W U.nMi'>. has Ihcii 
clcclfil atwin.illy suuf iHH*/ Tin- fust C(irri'S|>(inilinK 
Secretary Mrs. 1). R. Cowcn, li-fl the Hratich in 1S7,?, 
and Mrs K R. Mfn-ditli fillid iho plail' one year. 
l)n hrr rcnioxal, Mr?., (i \L \)uK\y,\\\s was I'lectc-d. 

' ^ fitMi yi-ar^ liilt-r slii- was callcil lioini-, and Mrs, M. 
H. IiiKhani took lii-r plaee, and nntitiH;** i)ri)Sfciii«;jl 
tlic wiVrk witli vin<>r and I'l^lhnsiasni. In April, 1H78, 

' Mrs. Cowi-ii a^;;iin fli-iti<l, and lias lii-ld the 
oflicc ^incc. c 

Mi'.s H. A. Sniitli, tin- first Tunsnrtr, was oMi^cd 
Ik resiKn in 1H73, and Mrs. W'ni. II. I)avi> for over 
twenty years was Treasnrer. When >lie eoidd no 
longer e.irr\ the hnrdeii, it was di-urniined to have a 

^ rceeivinn and dislnirsini; Treasnrer, and Mrs. j/<i 
Klin/, iind Mrs, Oliver Kiiisey were elected. 

The'HAi.'riMoMH Hk.xncii -was organized, Mardi 
(■, 1H71, out of iin older orKanization, the Ladies' 
China Missionary S<yicty of Dalliiiiore. When the 
allilialioiis of the two Societies took place, the officers 
of the newly formed Branch were those wHo had 
served .so, well and so f.iithfidly in the old Society. 
Mr>. I'rances'A. Crook, President; Miss IsaBel Mart, 
Corrlspotidiii).; Secretary: Mrs. \'.. Hamilton, Treas- 
nrer; Mr,s, S. Morgan, Recordiii),; Secretary. 

In iHi;i this strong and beautiful chain was broken. 
The lirvt link removed was Mrs. Hamilton, who piuised 
to her rewanV January 7th, her cloak fallinR upon the 
shoulders of her daughter, Mrs, H. R. Uhler. Sep- 
tenilicr stli. Mijis Hart received the victor's crown, 
and was followed by Mrs. Crook in November. Mrs. 


Iv B. Stcv'ciiH and Mm. A. H. Kulon were elected lo 

111! the vaciiiicies. 

TIk- Wi'stkrn IIUANfii WHS orKoni/cd by Mrn. 
Willing. Ajiril 4, 1H70, in I'ninii Clninii, St. I«oiii», 
with the (oIKtwiiiK (jfl'inrs: l'rr-.iiUiil, Mis. (lovcnior 
T. C. FU-ttlii-r; Kiriirdiiip Secritiry, Mrs. J. N. 
Fierce; TreiiMirer, Mrs Dr. W.^\. Jitiies; C<>rrcs|)<)iid- 
inK Secretary. Mrs. I.iuy V,. L'rescctfT. Ily the action 
i)f the CeiiernI t^xeculivc Conmiittee in May, 1H74, 
the hca(li|iiarters were reiuiived to Dcs Moines, and 
Mrs. Hishoj) Andrews was elected President; Mrs. !•;. 
K. Stanff) Treasurer; Mrs. \V. VV. l-'ink. Recording; 
Secretary ; the Correspondinn Secretary reniaininK tile 
«.iine. In iM.><i Mrs Mary C. Nind was elected I'res- 
ideiit^aiiil Mrs. 1,. H. J. lines, Keenrdinj; Seentary. The 
fdllowiiij; year this Hraiicli was divi<led into three 
Uranclies as lollows: 

The' I)i:s MoiNK.s UkanciI'Wms ornanizcd Novem- 
ber \i. MiM.v 'ts Presidents |ia\e heeii in turn, Mrs. 
Mary I!. Orwi^, Mrs. Mary S. Huston ;' Mrs. M. \V. 
I'orter, .M I) . who died the (ollowitiK year after elec- 
tion; Mrs. C. C. .Mjiliee. anil Miss Uli/aheth J'earson, 
elceted ill ihUi; Il'lie L\jrres|)oiidin^; Secretaries havei 
lieen elei led in order; Mrt-f Liicf V.. Prescott, Mr«. 
L. 1). Carhart. ami Mrs M. S. Huston, elfccted in 1887. 
Tlie Kec(jrdiii>j Secretaries are: Mrs. I,. H. Jnnies, 
Mrs 11. Catchcll, Mrs. f,. V.. McICiitire, Mrs. C. I). 
Miller; Mrs. (',:iteliell was reelected in 1892. Mrs. 
v.. H. Stanley has served continuously as Treasurer 
sinie 1.V4; that is, nine years in the old Hranch. Iii_^ 
i.S'jS an assistant \v<'>s elected. Miss A. Hri'ield. The 
■ territory of this Hranch consi.sts of two States. 

■f'fjiawtipr* 1 ' "^'^ '''^ 


Till- ToPKKA Branch wa» orKuni/nt Novtmli«r 
11. ihH.v ttiul till' follDwiiiK iiftiurs win tltctid 
I'riHiiltiit, Mrs. O. J. CowUs, knonliiiK Sicriiary, 
Mr* J. M. TorniiKlon. Corrf^iMjinliuK Sicryt;iry, Mri*. 
11 M SliiiUiuk; Tnasurir. Mrs M J. STullty, Mr< 
Ciiulis niuDvid from till- li«miiil»,<ir tlu- Uriiiuli iil 
till- ilosi- of till- first year, and Mrs Hishop Nirnli, 
will) was about to take iij) her ri-siiU-iui- iht-ri-, was 
chos«ii I'risicK-nt, fillinK tlic offii'i- lor i-ij-lit M-ar», 
uiitiljii-r ri-iiKnal. llir smii-ssor is Mrs. C. C Adams. 
lii'i.s.H^, Mrs. n M. I'atlfi- ,was ilcitt-ii Ci)rrt-s|ioii(l 
inn SiiTitary : liir siKci-tisor wan Miss Matilda Watsmi, 
ill, Till- ollict ol Rl■l■ordlll^; Siiri-tary has al 
' way^ ht-i-ii lillid l)y Mrs. TorriiiKtuii. After si-viii 
ytats ill till- 'I'll .isiirirs, olTui-, Mrs. Sliilli-) was siii' 
cii-ilfd hy Mis A. Si. Davis ill iMi).). 

Till- MiNNi: Vi' ItKANCli was (ir({aiii/i-d Dt- 
ceiiihir i,s, iMH^ with oiii- whok- Confiriiici', part <il 
aiKjlliiT, iiii<l two Mission Coiifi-ri'iui-s; tin- lar^i-sl in 
tirrilory, sinalli-st in iiuiiiIh rs, riihist in rt-sourii-s, 
vi-gi'labli- and miniral, Imt ixKirtst iii-'iiioiiiy, stntili- 
\w^ ac*ross tin- continent. The ofliiers have hecii :is 
follows: President, Mrs. Kniily Huiitin^tt-i Miller, 
Mrs. Wardwell Coueh. Mr.s. C. N. Stowers. Mis. M. 
"!I Tritons; Corfespondiiif; Secretary, Mrs. Mary C. 
Niiid.niitil i.^vs, then Mrs C. S. WiiKliiU. . Mrs Nind 
traveled over this vast domain from the Mississippi 
to the Pacific. In company with Mr.s. Stanley, in 
1885, a jbiuriiey was m.ide iiivolvint; five thousand 
miles. She represented tlie various in- 
terests of tile Church, there Ueiiin none ol the Secre- 
taries ou hand at five Conferences and mi.ssions, over 

ii ■■■■■■« ■ ' ' 

Bkanch Hist ok v. , 57 

^ • 

which Ridlinp llnrrit prrtkU-fl. \\v wns nlwiiy* »ure 
l<» 1)1' i)ii>cnl 111 hi«r h»T. Mr^ J M. Ilcaii lias roll- 
tiniKuisly MTvcil as Ri'Cortliiin St'crvtary TIh' TrraH 
iirtTs liiivi- lii'Lii Mr-.. W, M ll.iiriMiii, \vli<> ilictl in 
IMS'., Mrs. Coiuli. Mis. Ilislicip I'o-s. Mis. I). S. H. 
Joliiistoii. Miss Lillian M. yniiiliy, and Mii* W. M. 
Mibi.nal.l. , 

The Ati..\nta Kmancii was orkjani/fil wilh iliir- 
tfcii iiiiiiiliirs .111(1 (illi'tn siilMLiiliirs to iho llnilhin 
Woman \ FiUnJ. in I.oyd titrt-cl L'liunh, Alhinta. 
Sr|iU'nilitr -•■;, i**7i. with ihc- followinv; oftuiTM: I'ri'si- 
iliiil. Mrs. J. C, Kiinliall; Ci)rris|i,,uiliii^ Stiri-lary, / 
Mrs i.;|iic J. Kiinivks; Kiiipriliii«,Siiritary. Mis.s 
MIUii W. Ciillin. 'rrtMsiinr. Mrs. I >r. iMilkr. Snl)s«.-- 
iiniMtlv (111 the niiioVal oI'Mrs KikpwUs, Mrs. I'hIIit 
l)fi inn CorrispouiliiiK Scirit.ii«y. Tliiir rcicijils wcru 
sent tlirotiKli the Cinriniiati Hraiuli. 

Till- r\(.'iric IlK wcij (iiK'ini/iil witli sixUi-ii 
An.xili.if i( s ill IS*;., Tlif olVm'rs wtri-; Trfsidtnt, 
Mr- J I'. ICarly; Ccm-ipdndinn Si-crttary, Mrs Char- 
l.illi N\,il; Ki-iordiiiK Stcrclary , Mrs. L. C SpiiiciT; 
'I'ri isimr Mrs. M. M. Ildvard, wlm has lui-ii siuividcd 
1)V Ml.. S !■•. Joluisoii. Mrs |). C. O'ck, Mrs. /. I,. 
I'ariiulii. Ill iS(j.'. Mrs. i;:iil\, "the- missionary 
niotliet, ' :(lt(.r \(.ars ol liiliUiu -■■, went to hir liiav- 
iiih lioinc, and Mis. Alifc K. Stalker was idfctiil. 
Mr- ( ) Nial lias stTvcd as CorrcsiMnidiii^ Scerflary, 
(.\ii|>t two years in iSi)i-()3, x\ luii Mrs \'.. M, Ck'W 
took till- w'ork. Mrs Crow was (.IlcIliI Sccictary of 
till- lloini' iK-partnunt in iMij4. 


58 WoMAS's 1'oini.ias Missionary SociHiY. %. 

The Coui'MBiA RivKR IlKANi II wiis oTgoiii/ifil De- 
ceiulKT 7, iNiji. Till' 'iw>\. Auxiliary liail Imiii oik-iu- 
ixed in ifi«J by Mrs. W. S ILirriiiHtDi), in Seattle, tiiul 
made tril)iitary l<> the Norlliwmlirii Ilraiu'li. Two 
yeart l.ittr all that ii()itli\v>st tirrilory iKTaino imrt of 
\\\v Miiiiu'ii|iiilis llraiuli. At llic n«|uehl of Mrs. 
Mury C, Niml, Hisliup W'aldi'ii, wluii IwldiiiK ll".' Ciiii- 
fcri'iuts, apiMiiiitfil two Coiilcuiitf SciTtlatics lor llic 
Sot-iety. The Ilrauch ofTu-fDt ast clcctt-d wcr^-; Preii- 
dciit, Ml".. C. I'. I-"i'ke; Corrc's|H)ii(liiiK Secretary, 
Mrs. M. C. Wire; .Reiordinn Si<retnry, Mrs. A.J. 
Hanson; Treasurer, Miss I,i//.ie V. Wead. Ill 1H94, 
Mfs. V. \V. Osliurn was elected Treasurer, and Mrs. 
A. N. l''isher Secretary cil' the Home Departuiciit. 


At the Ixjjiiiiiiiijj very little inailiiiRT> was needed 
to carry on the work. Auxiliaries re|Mirted direct to 
the Uranch C<irri--|i(iniliiiK Secret.lrs . and the work 
was easily held hy one head and one jiair of liand.s. 
Hut tile rapi<l nf'^vth of the Society made some other 
plan necessary, h'irst, Assistant, then St^ite Seere-' 
taries were intrmliiced. A District mvetiiij; was held 
on the .Mhioii J)isirict in .Michinaii in iH;", and one • 
ill Athens, O., the Mansfield H)*nict. Deceiiilier 31, 
1S72; and this was the l)e);iiinin>; of an invahialile 
.source <if strcji^'th The Northwestern Mr. inch made 
provision for this new .system liy iirepariiiK a coiisli 
lution in 1S77 for District Associations. In i.S;;. the 
same Uranch suhsiitnted Cotifcrenc* for State Secre- 
taries, which slill further systematized perfection of 
work, (iradiially these plans hijcaine the re^;iilar 
order, when Auxilfarics reported to District officers. 


Bkanch HisroHY. SO 

they to the Coiifi tiiicc, ami Ihi w in turn to the- Kraiich ' 
Secretary. Thi'<'may mtiii ii little iiiilirict, but wiiut 
orraiim'liiicnl could h.ivc l>i-«n Inttir? ICvcry inctiil)er ^ 
of tlu.' iKMly has its inyii iulaptation and adji^tiiuiil 
to the JMidyM wauls uud il» <^VIl lunctliin aii<l "fliic, 
HO tlijt iionc can nuy to any other, " 1 liavu no need 
of Ihcc", ' 

f * 

* Again, at first, AuxNiarics rcniittcil'to^he franch 
Tri-aMUi-r; But this, too, Mi-iucd uuiicc«.>Si»rily liurdrn- 

• Iwinc to sonic, as the niattir of r^itipliuj; iiuartt-rly to 
over twllvc luindrcd Soiiitiis in out of the Branches ' 

• must have iKcnnic. Since 1SH6 the New York •* 
'Hranih has had two Treasurers until in i.H<)4, and 

diiriiif! a jkiumI of two or three jiars both the Cin- 
cinnati and the Des Moines Hr.inches had Assistant 
Treasurers. \i\ iKHi) the Northwestern Branch ekcted 
Conference Treasurer*, who receive the money from 
the Auxiliaries, receipt to them, and re;inii to the 

• Branch Tieasnrer. The I'liiladilpliia Br.mch elected 
Conference Treasurers in iHg.vajid the New Vork and 
New Knjjland {{ranches in' 1.S94. ^he Cincinnati 
Btanch eli.cled a receiving; and a disliursiuK Treas- 
urer (11 iHcjy These officers come under the legisla- 
lioji of Ilr.uiclies. 

The Notlliwestcrn Branch, conscious that its vSecre- 
lar\ \v.i> IxHriiin Imrdens of responsibility and cor- , 
n-.|)(iirdi nee .t(.o >;reat for one woman, and believiiiK 
that llie best inteiestsfif tlie work could Be'scrved ' 
by a division of the labor devolving upon' her, elected 
a Sicretaiy tor the Home Department in 1H90. The 
New.Ivnuland Branch elected a Home Secretary in 

60 Woman's FoNh/iiy MisMit^^^^-Hrihtr. 


1891, the C(iluml>ia River in 1H9J, and the Vacific 
Uraiich in iN>>^. 

At first llif Pistrict Si'cri'tary was- the medium for 
tlte distoiiiiii.uiiiii of iiiivsiiiiiury literature in ma^jy 
plac'is, hut tile home Hide of ihe ,niiKNii>tiary work l)e- 
eamc constantly more coniplieated, an<l KurenuH of 
l.ilrratu rc w e iV ts y il j lis.heil* with a Secretary to sup- ^ 
otflent tlTi'i M'ork liy iIk- vviili-r raii^e of leallet.H to W 
I'uukIiI from all jtoardnas well as our own, letters from 
missionaries, panipliUts. piTiodicals, maps,. arid biMikii 
<il rikrince. This plan in turn ^ave way to>l)e]Hit8 
|>f fiiipplies, with an .lueni in iharKc, which in iHga 
liccanie ^'iiii ral, each Branch adopting it. A majority 
hu\c' thcii' fooins in connection wfili the Methodist 
Uook rooms ia the several cities. " ^ 

/ f 

Soiiie "f the Hranchcs from time t^ time have 
elected Vi'nn)> I.adiis' Conference Secretaries, Super- ' 
inteii^ents of Hands, Ornani/inj; Secretaries, Branch 
Ornaiii/er-', ami Itinerating Committees, ihe better to 
carry forward the work. 

A "JlVKNILK MlSSIONAKY S0C1E,TV " was or^an- 
i/cd in llt-rea, Ohio, as early as 1873, which pledJKed 
$;,o to support a j;irl in some mission school. This 
Was followed by rircenshurj? in |«7S, Mansfield in 
ih;^, the " Ijuiy Bees," in Trinfiy, Cincinnati, 1877, 
and. Troy. Ohiy, in 1H78. Others were orn.nii/.ed 
in each of the Bran(,-lies, until in 1895 there 
Were 741 Cliildrcns Bands, tin.- Cincinnati Brancn 
leadinj; wJth is^.'the New ICn);hin(l with 136, and 

Branch History. 6i 

the Northwestern with '114. ■ There is a total 
membership of 13,412, the Northwestern having 
a, 758, and the New England 2,346 members. These 
children have been trained in 'intelligent methods. 
Many of thejn are as fam/liar with the names of our 
missionaries and their'^atiens as most of the older 
members. They arc n4t only doing a work for them- 
selves, but helping th) childhood of the heathen 
world to know something of God. . , 

In many places the Young Ladies are "a.ssociated 
with thfc Auxiliaries, but more frequently separate or- 
ganizations have been formed. -The work done by 
them has been educational, the results of which can 
not be calculated. Many have been led into a deeper 
spiritual life,, through their connection with, and plan- 
ning for, the work. The Central Young Ladies' Aux- 
iliary in Detroit has for years been the banner So- ' 
ciety. ■ It was the first to get out an annual pro- 
spectus, and for soriie years took an animal pledge of 
$400, which was duly appropria'ted by them at the be- 
ginning of their fiscal year. Not only in churches,, 
"but in schools" and colleges, have Auxiliaries been 
formed ; and not only talents, gifts, and zeal laid upon 
the altar, but some of the students have given them- 
selves to the work, and are now in the foreign field. 
The statistics for 1895 show 810 Young. Women's So- 
cieties, with 16,157 members. • 

Making a place in our missionary fold fo# the tiny 
lambs of the flock had loiig^een in the minds of 
.some of our missionary leade^fcind worked more or 
less. Hence, the Little Light Bkarer move- 

62 WoAfAA/ 's FoRBrcx Mrssio\ARY Society. 

meht in 1891 simply gave this thought more definite 
shape, and was heartily welcomed. 

Mrs. Lucie F. Harrison, in the commencement of 
the year 1891, presented to the Kxecutive Committee 
of tlie New England Branch the following plan : To 
invite our babies, under five years of age, to become 
members by the payment of twenty-five cents a 


year for five years, and suggested also that a new 
card certificate of membership be expressly prepared 
for these little ones to keep as a memorial. This plan 
was cordially welcomed, and io,oOo certificates were 
ordered, all bearing the .stamp of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Soon other Branches began adopting 
the method, and using the enrollment cards, or certifi- 
cates. Not only this, but many other denominations 

Branch HisTOny. '63 

also began calling for them. This necessitated order- 
ing more, making them undenomimUioMal ; and from 
that tin\c tlK' interest has steadily increased. Thirty-two 
Ihou.sand were printed, and over 20,000 had been 
culled for np to January, 1S95. The movement was 
officially indorsed in 1S94, and the outfit made free 
to all. • 

Previons to the inauguration of the Little Light 
Bearers movement, perhaps no one had done so much 
to secure the interest of the little children as had Miss 
Clara Cushnian, through her " Penny Helper" cards, 
with the " Korget-me not," speaking to the heart. 
Mr.s. Harrison has aho is.sued a "Jewel Gatherer" 
card, unique in design, for a similar purpose, to 
gather the pennies for mis.sions. 

Besides the missionaries sent out from this country, 
the Society has employed Miss Budden, whose father 
was one of the I.,ondon Missionary .Societies' repre- 
sentatives; I'luLbe Rowe and Miss Grace 
Stephens, Eurasians; Miss Cecilia Guelphi, a South 
American; Miss Blackmore, from Australia; Miss. 
Lydia and Miss Amelia Diem, from Switzerland; 
Jenny Locke, Japan; has accepted Dr. Hu KingEng, 
for China, and in 1896, two other Chinese girls — Miss 
Ida Kahn and Mary She— also educated in this country, 
will be ready^as pliysicians. Added to these are 
Elsie Wood, whose wlioli^ life has been spent in the 
South American Mission, and Miss Hettie Mausell, 
taken to India w]icn a baby; Ruth Sites, only out of 
China long enough for her education ; and Frances 
Wheeler, who was a very little girl when her parents 

became missionaries in China. _^ 

♦ ■ . ■■ >, 

, Chapter IV. 


THI*; work of the Society has had earnest repre- 
sentation at many of the camp meetings all 
through the country. We can only mention a few in 
this connection. 

Marth.v's \'inky.\rd. — As early as the summer 
of 1869 Mrs. yiementina Butler, went to Martha's 
Vineyard, -and awakened an interest in the women of 
India, so that tlie support of two Bible readers -was 
secured. The following year the interest was re- 
newed, mainly by the, efforts of ^Mrs. Rev. J. H. 
'fwombly. Tiie required sum of $60 was again 
raised for the Bible readers. Mrs. J. 1). I-'iint, of Fall 
River, generously gave, unsolicited, $100; Belle. 
Twonibly collected $20, to make Mrs. Mary D, James 
a life member of the Society; also $9.30 for the 
Heathen Woman's Friend, and 513.50 for orplmn 
girls. The total amount for the season was $/o2.8o. 
We are without farther data for later years. 

Albion, Micii. — In June, 1870, Miss S. A. Ruli.son 
attended the Albion camp-meeting, "hoping in some 
way to interest the good wonieii who should be pres- 
ent, so that each would be willing to organize an Aux- 
iliary in her home Church. After a day or two she 
was invited to speak from the stand at eight o'clock iii 
the morning. The audience was small, but there were 
more preachers than could sit on the stand." Alter 
64 \ 

CAMI^MeETISGS and other AsSKMBLltS. 65 

that sen-ice, a paper was handsd her, signed by every 
presiding eUler present, recouimeuding her to all the 
Methodist preacliers in Michigan for the priviltge of 
addressing the people on^ the subject of Woman's 
Missions, and to aid in organizing Societies. Before 
the can)p-nieeting closed, Rev. 1). D. Gillett, presiding 
elder of All>ion Di.strict, called his preachers to- 
gctlier,,and made out a three weeks' program, including 
evt^ry charge on the district, to commence immediately 
at the close of the camp-meeting, arranging with the 
preachers to take or send her from oije charge to an- 
other until the circuit was completed. 

Ocean Grove. — At this charming "City of the 
Sea," during the camp-meeting in 1872, two mretings 
were held in the intejests of the Society. An enthusi- 
astip and prayerful spirit seemed to animate the ladies 
as they heard and talked of the progress of "Christian • 
woman's work among, the women of heathen lands." 
" The strong west wind, as it swept the taber- 
nacle, and touched the billows that rolled and foamed 
a few hundred yards away, must have catried to the 
East many a prayer 'Jind hope that will yet be fulfilled 
ill. India and China when -the 'sea of glory shall 
spread from pole to pole.' " Two hundred and seventy 
dollars was given for "camp-meeting mercies," to be 
applied on the Woman's Hospital in Bareilly. Mr.s. 
William Butler then organiz.ed the Ocean Grove 
Woman's Foreign Mi.s.sionary Society, auxiliary to the 
New York Branch, enrolling 140 members and two 
life members. Mrs. Dr. E. H. Stokes was elected 
President, aiyj has done much through all the years to 
infuse interest in the Society by her own ze31 for the 

'66 WoMAy 's Foreign Missionary Society. 

cause. No special effort is made to secure members, 
the managers considering the prime object to be the 
spreading of missionary intelligence. Women return 
to their homes from this place, and iiecome centiJrs of 
missionary circles. Year after year, under the presi- 
dency of Mrs. Stokes, the work of this Auxiliary has 
been going on. Ivternity alone can develop the ex- 
tent of its influence. Through the kindness and 
Christian sympathy of Dr. Stokes, the Society 
has been permitted to hold an anniversary every 
year, and Anniver.sary-day has become one of the 
important occasions of the place. It is usually held 
on Sunday afternoon, \\1ien thousands are in at- 
tendance. On August 13, 1876, thirteen thousand 
persons were said to he present. Dr. Stokes had 
■given the Sabbath morning hour. .Dr. William But- 
ler had been secured to speak, and his daughter 
Julia to sing in SpRnish. By a i)re.ssu,re brought npon 
him just as the service was about to|ppen. Dr. IJutler 
was induced to say that he must address that im- 
mense audience in the interests of his own work, and 
speak for the Woman's Society in the afternoon. 
Surprise overcame their pre-sence, of mind, and, half 
bewildered by the sudden turn of affairs, the ladies 
were about to yield ; but the one delegated to lead in 
prayer was not informed of the propgsed change, 
and as she caipe before God she was impelled to 
offer, a most earnest petition for Dr. Butler, "as he 
should speak for us to-day, " and for his daughter, that 
" her lips might be touched with heavenly unction 
while she sang," and for Mrs. Butler, "so many mrles 
away." ' There was power in that petition, and Dr. 
Butler said it compelled him to yield. One result of 



his stirring address was a collection of #375, and at a 
special meeting of the ladies, another one of $187 to 
enable Dr. Butler to print rlie life of Alfred Cooknian 
in Spanish. 

The on these anniversaries are made by 
returned niissionariis, native Christians from mi.s.sion 
fields, and others. In 1892 the twentieth anniversary 
was a season of power and interest, greatly increa.sed 
by the presence and words of Dr. and Mrs. Butler. 
From the commencement, there were unmistakable 
evideifces of the Divine presence, and all the .services 
were iiglow with .s|)iritual fervor. The love-feast on 
Saturday night was at white heat. Most of the per- 
sons .speaking were, or had been recently, in the mis- 
sion field. The .sermon on Stmday morning was by 
Dr. S. L. Baldwin, who announced the following text: 
"I entreat thee, true yoke-fellow, help 
\ women who labored with me in the gospel." He out- 
lined the work of this Society, showed what it had 
done, and what it needed to nieet the obligations contin- 
ually premising it, and did it in such a direct way that all 
hearts were touched, and each felt like asking. Lord, 
what wilt tliou have me do? The financial result of 
all tlltse exercises, including the Young People's Tem- 
ple, which contributed between ?5oo and ?6oo, 
amounted to $1,899.62, by far the largest amount 
ever contributed for this object. In 1872 the amount 
given was $95. 25; in 1894, $1,579.20.' The total 
amount collected in the twenty-two years is $2 1 ,427. 1 1. 

Round Lake, N. Y. — A Society was organized at 
Round Lake in 1H73, with 144 members, electing Mrs. 
Joseph Hillmau President. That year Dr. Thoburn 


68 WomaVs Foreign Mi!>sionary Society. 

was the principal speaker, though short talks were 
given by Bishops Simpson and Peck. In 1878 the 
anniversary was held during ^lie Union Evangclistical 
meetings conducted by Mrs. Harle, Mr. Hammond, 
and Chaplain McCabe. Mrs. Hillman presided. Miss 
Fanny J. .Sparkes was the first .speaker, and Dr. J. P. 
. Newman followed briefly. While the for mem- 
bers was going on. Dr. Newman called for hfe mem- 
bers, ran high. One thousand and fifty 
dollars was rai.sed, including eight life members at 
S20 each, the .support of eight orphans, and a pledge 
of $6(jo from a lady for Miss Sparkes's .salary the next 
year in India. 


Ci.iFTON Si'RiNGS. — For several years tlie Socifty 
<5f'Clifton Springs invited the Women's Societies of 
the various denominations on the district to gather' 
there for mutual aid and sweet connsel. At first 
meetings were held in the audience-room of the church ; . 
but later the spacious pavilion would be crowded, 
until all around in the beautiful grove the eager list- 
eners gave evidenc'e of their deep entlni.siasm in mis- 
sions. Among those present from time to time were 
Rev..C. P. Hard, of India; Mrs, A. jTBrown, of F^ vans- 
ton; Mrs. Kddy, widow of the late Dr. Thon«(s Edd^-; 
the Misses Woolston. after two decades in China ; . 
Miss Cameron, under appointment to Africa. In 1875 
addresses were made by Mrs. Gracey, Mrs. Dr. Hib- 
bard, and Mrs. J. H. Knowles, At the \\. and 
Mrs. Foster invited them to tea. After the delightful 
repast, the company was called to order, and Bishop 
Janes was introduced. He .said the scene before him 
was "poetic." He cominended the operations of the 


Cami^Mbbti.\<;s A.\n ^other AssF.trni.iHs. 69 

Society, and saiil Uiat as'tlie Parent Socit^ and this 
were working together so liaruioniously, and as the 
marital relation was the most saered and delightful 
on earth, he proposed that the nuptials of tlie two be 
celebrated. Dr. Foster then s;iid, that, as the bishop 
had "gone courting," and as no man under such cir- 
cumstances liked to go away without an answer, he 
would call on Mrs. llibbard to reply, eitlier accepting 
or rejecting, blie replied that "she had been taught 
to be very honest in such matters, and she was now 
too old to change her habit in this particular. She 
confessed that she saw two insuperable obstavics to 
the match : the first was, they were too niar of kin — 
the bishop had just called one the /"an;// Society — 
and, secondly, there was too great a disparity in their 
ages, the one being fifty years older tl*n the other." 
She retired amidst great, Init the bishop, un- 
daujpted, arose to say that "a courageous man was not 
to be disheartened by one refu.sal." 

-L.VKESIDE, O.— In 1876. Rev. J. M. Thoburn organ- 
ized an Auxiliary at Lakeside, under a tree. It has 
been kept up ever since. A liible woman in India ha.s" 
been .supported by this Auxiliary all these years. 
Florence Nicker.son was converted here, and the fol- 
lowing year received her "call" at the same place. 
Many missionaries have .spokenat thennjiiversaries and 
on other occasion.s. I'licbe Howe's visit is still green 
in mai.y meniorie.s. In 1881, Miss Thoburn was the 
speaker, and when ^lie told her audience that .Miss 
ICllen Warner was ready to go to India, and sorely 
needed there, but there was no iioney to sind her, a 
preacher. rose and said: "I know Warner. She 



can stand as peer with any teacher in thw State, and 
if she is willing to give up her fine ediK|ation and 
congenial surroundings for the lowest and most igno- 
rant in a heathen land, I want to give the first $25 to 
send her." In a few minutes ;540o was raised. 

Elizabeth Ru.s.sell, when there, carried away a sub- .. 
stantial gift for Nagasaki, Japan. 

Besides the Bible readier, help has been given to 
many objects of the Society, and Missionary -day is 
part of the program. 

Lancastkk Camp-meeting, O. — While no special ; 

work has lH.'en carried on year after year at Lancaster 
camp-meeting, it has a hi.story in'this direction, and 
large gifts have been given ti;^ various places, or to 
mi.ssionaries. Among those names are connected 
with this camp-meetiiig are Mary Loyd, Lizzie' Fisher, 
Anna Bing, Anna Jones -Tiioburn, and Elizalieth 
Maxey. Much seed-sowing has been done on these ■ ' v 

grounds. At .several other camp-meetings in Ohio 
missionary meetings are held each year and collec- %: 

tions taken. The same is true in many States. Acton 
canipuieeting near Indianapolis, Des Plaines and 
Watseka in Illinois, Cry.stal Springs and Reed City in 
Michigan, «nd ^thcrs, furnish speakers who represent \ 
yie Woman's Foreign M^^^onary Society. * ' 

> ., ■•■■'■?•' . ■ ^ ^ 

' TippECiUNOE Battle iSiy)uND, Ii*p.-7r-ltf the year 
1882, through thk influence of Mrs. Rev. Aaroji Cpur- \- 
ney, an Auxiliary of the Society \v4s organized at the . « ■ 
Battle Ground camp meeting in nidiana.' Each year » 
since a Missionary-day has been'^art of the program. 
The Auxiliary has paid $434 dues. Collections taken 

^iW!^yW^-!v ■■- y^^' ''!{' .■^■i^c'W-'^^^w^'^'^^i 

Camp-Meetings and other Assembues. 71 

at the aiinivciwary meetings have been !(( 129.53 for 
medical tdiicalion, $30.25 for zenana paper, $44.26 for 
Bulgaria, $.^2.55 for Singapore, and $60 for life mem- . 
bers. Leaflets and other missionary literature are 
freely distributed. The following per.sons have given Mrs. IJlizahetli Wheeler Andrew; Rev. J. 
C. Davison, of Japan; Rev. A. Marine, D. D., Miss 
Anna Downey, Miss Kranc Baker, Rev. M. M. Park- 
hurst, D. D., Miss Thoburn. Rev. Messrs. Isham, Old- 
ham, and Floyd, of India; Curtis, of China; Miss 
Forbes, of Japan; Dr. and Mrs. West, of Singapore; 
' " and General Cowen, of Cincinnati. 

Lake Bluff.— The, anniversary pieeting at Lake 
Bluff A.ssenibly grounds in 1886 was a memorable. oc- 
casion. A special train of seven filled cars, six from 
Chicago and one from Evanston, carried over, four 
inuK^red people to the grounds. In the forenoon there 
was an address by Dr. Alaba.ster, of Chicago, and a 
discussion of the ''best methods of promoting the 
efficiency of Auxiliaries." In the afternoon Dr. 
Si)enccr gave vej^ excellent service in securing a col- 
lection, and Dr. Thoburn gave a ,grand^ address. He 
also donated fifty ceilts on, each of his "Appreutice- 
,; ■• ^lip" .sol(^ . One hundred copies were^ taken, and his 
donation, tlie collection, aiid the profits'Du .the railroad 
ticket^ amounted to about S300. " ' 

Kans.\s GnAUTAUQUA.-^ln July, 1888, Miss Franc 

^aker conducted a four-o'clock Woman's Hour daily 

in the interests of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 

Society. On " India-day " short addresses were given 

^ by Dr. P. N. ^irid Mrs. Buck and kev. Dennis Osborne, 


of India, and by Miss Mary L. Ninde, recently re- 
turned from a visit to our missions in India. Miiss 
Haker also gave one of the platform addresses, speak- 
ing on missions at the eleven-o'clock hour. 

Silver Lakb Asskmbi.v.— An Ih.stitute- of the 
Woman's Foreign Missisnary Society was conducted 
by Mrs. M. N. \'an Benschoten, at Silver Lake A.ssem- 
bly, July 29 to August 5, it<95- The meetings were 
full of interest and enthusiasih, and Resulted in the 
.support of four Bible women and one orphan in India, 
and the planning of four new Auxiliaries, iK'sides the 
consideration of much more special work in India. 

Mrs. Bishop Joyce conducted a Woman's, Foreign 
Missionary Society camp-meeting in Tennessee ,xa. 

1x94- i' 

Chapter V. 

L I I fc l< A T U R B . 

TnK Hh.vthkn Woman's Friknd -At ilu' very 
beginning of thi.' Socioty it was proposed that a 
monthly ])aptT he issued, and tlie following jirospectift 
was printed: "The paper will he devoted more espe- 
cially to the interests of the wprk among heathen 
women, and will he JlUed with interesting \facts and 
incidents illustrating that work, furnished Ij^- those 
laboring in Iieatheu lands. Information will be given 
concerning the customs and social life of the peo])le, 
the various obstacles to be overcome in their Chfis- 
tiani/.ation, and the success which attends the various 
departments of missionary labor among them. The 
design is to furnish just such a paper as will be read 
with interest by all the friends of the, and one 
which will a.ssist in eidi.^ting the .sympathies of tbt*' 
children also, aiuLpeducatc them more fully in the mis- 
sionary work. The price of the paper will be only 
thirtv cents per annum, so that it will be within the 

4 t 

reach of. all." • ^' 

'After the decision was reached to publish a jxiper, 
came the difficult' matter of .selecting an editor; a 
woman with ability and adaptability, with literary 
ta.ste and clear ju<lgment, that could launch' a new en- 
terprise such as this, and do it successfully. Choice 
fell upon Mrs. Wni. 1*. Warren. "She was then only 
twenty-five years old. At that time papers and mag- 
azines conducted by women were .something of a 


74 WoAfA.v's Foreign AfrssioNAur Societv^ 

noVelty, the field new and uiilrivd. With Ikt char- 
acteristic enerjjy slie iinnicdiately weirt to work^and 
the first issue of the paper, starting modestly with 
eight pages, appeared in June, 1869." Mr Lewis- 
Flanders stood ready with j(s"<'t() meet deficiencies, if 
at the end of the year it was needed. Other gentle- ' 
men also promised help. At the of the first 
year its subscription list had reached four thousand ; 
it paid all running expenses, and had a margin on 
hand. It was then enlarged to twelve pages. Mr. 
James P. Magec 'acted as guneral agent. A twenty- 
thousand edition was required in 1870. The sub- • 
seription price was rai.sed from thirty to thirty-five ■ 
cents, and Mr«. L. H. Daggett was appoint<fl agent. 
The July* number in 1871 contained a map. giving all 
the missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 
India, in tjffeir relation to each other and to the great 
cities. It was prepared by Miss l^hoburn, and is the 
first cartographic view of these important <ni.ssions 
ever laid before the Church. , 

In July, 1872, four more pages wero added, and it ' 
became a sixteen-jSage paper. Its circulation reached 
25,000. During the' first seveif years a strong corps 
of contributing editors was annually elected. In May, 
.J872, the papeV appeared with Its first illustration. 
The engraving was that of the Mi.ssiou House and 
Orphanage at Bar^illy. Since then this has been a 
prominent feature. In 1875 the paper was increased • 
to twenty-fotff pages, and a beautiful new heading, and 
the .subscription price was rai.sed to fifty cents, wdiere 
it has since remained. In this year a new feature was 
added, called the " Home Department," the material 
being contributed by the Branch Secretaries. Volun^e 

Drawn by Hits IsaMla TtoiHrm. Bmgrmvtd far Ik* Hkathbn Woman's Khikno. 

TvK/;,'f "i^'j- -«■?' "'■■-,- -W^'- f:;-^ 

' ' • • 

h^ ■' *' 










u ^ 

"X \\ ^ 

~^''""'"jii, ■ / 

.:"■'■ »5 


.. . 

' . , Liter ATi'KB. 75 

VIII bcgnn witK the attractive addition of Mrs. Mary B. 
Willijrd as editor of the Cliildren's IKpiirtment. She 
filled this position most acceptahly for two years, and 
was then rehictintly excnsed. Diirijig the tenth 
year, owing to financial depression, the subscription 
decreased to i3,.iHH. Three years later the number, 
again repched 20.000. In November, iHHi, Mrs. Dag- 
gett's resignation was accepted, and Miss Pauline J. 
Walden, the present publishing agent, was again ap- 
pointed. The paper has pul)lished full reports of the 
General Kxeeutive Committee in annual session, and- 
' the acknowledgment of all moneys to the Society 
through the Branch Treasurers, and kept the thread 
of the history of the woik on every mission field 
abroad, as well as much of the detail of the work by 
the Au.xiliaries at home. 

Since 187S it has furnished the outline of what is 
entitled the Uniform Study of each month, by means 
of which the women of the Societies unite in pur- 
suing a systematic course of study of missionary su})- 
jects. It has received uniformly the heartiest com- 
mendation from missionaries a»d ministers and laymen. 
In 1880 the agent was instructed to send gratuitously 
a cop\ to each missionary, also to all the Methodist 
colleges and seminaries where ladies are admitted. 
Four more pages were added in 1886. The salary of 
the editor and the publisher was raised in 1888 from 
$500 to $700, and a sum sufficient to cover incidental The February number of 1893 contained 
an unwritten page with the name "Harriet Merrick 
Warren," and underneath two dates, "September 15, 
1843 — January 7, 189,-?." 

" Widespread a.s Methodism was the bereavement 


76 / / 'o^rAN 's FoKBit;\ A/tssioNAKr SociETr. 

caused by the sudck-ti translation of Mrs. Warren."' 
For twenty-four years slic hail stoixl nt the head of 
this enterprise. .She had developed the paper so that it 
soon took rank as one of the model missionary period- 
icals of the world, and had reached the largest num- 
ber of snliscribers of any woman'.s missionary mag- 
azine published. After the death of Mrs. Warren, 
.lier daughter, Mrs. Mary Warren-Ay.irs, was appointed 
to take the mother's place. She accepted, " because 
in this way she could have the privilege of performing 
one more service for the mother who had gone Iw- 
fore." In July the form of the paper was changed, 
!is had long l)ltfli contemi>latcd, to tliat of a magazine, , 
and contained thirty i)ages. In the Young Woman's 
Uepai^nent was included a column of bright notes 
about "Other Girls," ^-arrying out a desire expre.s,sed 
by the former editor. Mrs. Ayars carried on the 
wt)rk with ability and acceptability until the close of 
the year, thus rounding out a quarter of a century of 
eOiUurial work on the same paper for her mother, and 
then declined a'further appointment. At the General 
Executive Comni»«(^e meeting in St. Paul, in Novem- 
ber, 1H93, Louise Manning Hodgkins was unani- 
mously elected to the important position of editor. 
She has introduced .some new features, a department 
of "I'aniily News," also a " I'ostofficeBox,'' and has 
brought out some special luimbers. The first was in 
March, I.S94 — the tuunly-fifth anniversary number — 
rthich was embellished with photo-engravings of 
our founders. Mrs. E. W. Parker and Mrs. Wm. Butler; 
and first missionaries, Isabella Tliqburn and Dr. 
Clara SwanTTl The sub.scriptions in 1895 were nearly 
22,000. It has always paid expenses and given 

.' •'■ LlTKKATI'KK. 77 


large sums to tlu- Society. I-"rom i88j to 189,^ it 
cuiitributcd 526,oo<^ to other forms of work, and ha.s 
aided in carrying the. misci-llaiieuus literature pub- 
lished by the Society, the annuiil reports, uniform 
Ktudies, maps of our mission fields, life membership 
certificates for adults and for eliildren, and a great 
variety of missionary leaflets. This remarkable .show- 
ing deserves the commeu<lation of every woman who 
believes in the business capacity of hex sex. 

During its journali.stic career the pa|)er has gath- 
ered into its friendly columns the best missionary 
thought of the century. To run through the list of 
corresponding editors in the early days, an<l, later, of ' 
its contributors, is to call to mind nearly all the Iclid- 
ing women' of pliil.iiithropic and mis.siouary distinc- 
tion in our generation. * 

' LK/Vi'LKTk.— During the winter of 1R77, in Au- 
burn, N. Y., l\\u> \vi>nn;n —Mrs. 1). I). Lore and Mrs. J. T. 
Gracey — da\ by day tliscus.sf.d many things relatjirg to 
the development of the Woman's Foreign Mi.s.sionary 
Society, .so dear ta their hearts* Especially were they 
impressed with the need of (ni.s.sionary lileratnre,«that 
might be distrilidted among the women of ^be' 
Church, that would give information concerning tbe 
work and its needs, and thus awaken a uiissionary en- 
thusiasm, and they decided that this matter should be 
brought to the attention of the officers of the Society. 
Mrs. Lore was a delegate to the General Executive 
Committee which met that year in Minneapolis, and 
presented the m.itter of printing and disseminating 
missionary literature, but did not meet with the re- 
sponse these two had hoped. Some said, " We have 



no money for sucli purposes;" nnd others, "No one 
will read missionary littTaliire." However, after giv- 
ing the matter some consideration, they appointed a 
committee of six j)ersons, representing various 
Branches, with Mrs. Gracey clinirnian, but made no 
appropriation of money, which effectually tied the 
hands of the committee, who could do nothing but 
agitate the matter. At the following session of the 
General Executive Committee in Boston, the chair- 
man .stated the above facts, and the committee was 
continued, with instructions not only to print leaflets, 
but to arrange for lessons for the monthly meetings of 
Auxiliaries. Each Branch was authorized to appro- 
priate $25 from its provisional fund for printing the, 
' leaflets. The first work done Was the publicatipn of 
reports from two Bible women employed by the So- 
ciety in India, laboring in Bndaon. Others followed; 
but as it was an experiment, the committee moved 
cautiously, but found at. the close of the yt'hr it had 
issued over 180,000 pages. At'tlie meeting iu Chicago 
in 1H79, the committee was continued, and the same 
appropriation made. During that year there was a 
great demand for these leaflets, for they met a great 
want, and applications for them came from every part 
of the country, and from various denominations. The 
number of pages this year was doubled. At Colum- 
bus, O., iu 1H80, resolutions of appreciation of the 
work of the committee and expres.sions of helpfulne.s,s 
concerning the leaflets were passed, and the appro- 
priation increased fronj $2-, to #40 from each Branch. 
A request was also made that Mrs. Gracey should pre- 
pare a history of our ten years' Woman's Medical 
work, which she did, and had it ready when the Gen- 

!<??,. "^5*'' ':i..^T»v'c ■'•r'j'r;j»ir;?RTM?!5; 

LlTKHATrRE. * 79 

eral Kxeciitivc CDiniiiittci' iiii-t in Buflhlotlie followiiiK 
year. TIk' issue of leaflets that yciir niiioiintt-d to 
350,cxx) pages. These ' were alt di.strihiited 'gratui 
tuiisly. At the iiieetiug in BufTalo tlie committee was 
instructed to prepare a wall map for use in AnxiliarieH. 
It was this )ear, i.s.Hi, that the appropriation for this 
work was nude from the surplus funds of the Heathen 
Wonuin's 1-riend, instead as formerly from the various 
Branches, and the sum of Jvi^J was named. This was 
increased to ;?5'«i iu iH.Sj. Hihlc readings in connec- 
tion willi the uiiiforni studies were reconiinenilcd, and 
.sm.ill m.ips for the ("nueral Annual Keiujrt. In 1HS4, 
leaflets in German, and tflose especially adapted to the 
needs of the young ladies' work were ordered l>ul)- 
lished. During these years, the puhlication of leaflets • 
was V''(»wiuj' to great proportions, and the is.suc was 
from two to three million ]iages annually. The chair- 
man edited all the leaflets, .superintended their print- 
ing, and distribnted them, unjustly taxing both time 
and strength. Other arrangements had to he made. 
There was also some moilificntion in the distribu- 
tion. I'"()r nine years these helps had been furnished 
gratuitously "in another sense, and it seemed neces- 
sary that a iinminal charge be made for all over 
,four ]>ages. During the year 1885, there were is- 
.sued 47,^,230 le, diets, or i,()46,24o pages. Of these, 
there were thirty-six varieties, twenty-three that were 
new, while thirteen were reprints. At the General 
Executive Committee in Nebraska, 1887, the pub- 
lishing interests were consolidated by th« aiipointmeiit 
of a Literature Committee, to take charge of the papers, 
and ;Sj,ooc> appropriated for the work. Five persons 
were appointed — viz., Mrs. Dr. Warren, Mrs. Gracey, 


80 jyovAw's Foi!i:rn.\ AMsuwivv Sri, /hrv. 

IIBis II. Ill Mrs. I, U Illtl, and Mi»r, Wild. 11 wlio 
met (or ni^;.iuH' itioil al tlic Iidiih' ul Mrs \\\iiiiu ill 
Cainl>rid>ii.iH)il, M IS-.., Jajiiiarv 11, iSH.s, a]i|)()itilitin 
Mrs. Crai-i'V cliairtil.m. Mi>s U'lildm lri;i>~iirir, and 
Miss H.irt sccrct.iry. Mrs Hut was un.dik- Id si-rve, 
and till iiimniittii- riln.iMK.l witliDnl inD.lifu-atioii 
unid till' diitli .il Mi--s Hail in iH.).., «lun Miss Mary 
I, Nm.l ami Mrs. I'. J Kn.iwks win- a.l.U.I, Mrs. 
Kn.nvk-s liiiiiK a|i|)"MU>-.l s(iritar\ In iH.)-; the 
coinnulUi- a>;ain nul Willi aiDllici^ in ilu diatli 
ol Mis. W'iruii, win 11 Mrs. () \\ Scill wis up- 
poinU-d. .\l the' iiiK'ani/ <il tin. (■.iruniittti-, the 
publication ..I all niilUr wis traiisU rri-d to H.iston. 
It is iiiiiiii^-.ililr t.> >;ivt a list ul 'tlu- liltratiirc i^siu-d 
during; tlusi vc.irs. Tlic ricimls show an i-x| 
tiirt- ol ali.iut Sjiii»i. . ami an issiu- nf ovrr lliirly 
million pa.His. An idtaul tin- txj.ansion'or tlu w.nk 
is naini-.l l>v ihf oiif juililK-.itiofi tlic .\tiniial k(.'p.>rt. 
Tlif liist iiiiL- oicii|>ii'l oiiK a Ji.iKi' or two in the 
Fiiind. The story "I the lirst .\'s work eonld he 
tolii ill a ku niinntis. lint in tin Iweiiu hllh year, 
the >v.)rk ol» heatluii women and ehildreii has fjrowii 
to such .liiiuiisioiis, .111(1 sent oiit it'^ tiranehes in so 
many dircelioiis, that an .\niiiial keiuiit ol 17J pages 
does not tell the stor\ 

Thf Woiiiivis I'litnd. — India may be a land of 
books, voluniini'iis and varied, hut it has no literature 
fit for a woman to read, ami the people have found a 
ju*t defense |.)r the illiteracy of the women in the im- 
moral character of the literature of the land. In 
iss^, lit the ineetiiij; of the (icneral Kxei'utive Com- 
•mittee in Des Moines, a proposition wasjnade by re- 

f.t • •' ^■«m^i'^; 

L/TKKATI gB, .%i 

turned niissiotiaric-t thnt a Christian pnprr be e<(tab- 
1i»lii-(l in till- viTuacular of tlic women uf India. 
Tlierc were present Rev. Mr. nnd Mrs. Craven, Mrs. Par- 
ker, Mrs. Johnson, Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Iladley, an^ Mi's. 
Grai'cy. The actual need for sueh a paper was set 
forth, and sftnie siigKfstioiis and encouragement of- 
fered. The committee decided to undertake the en- 
terprise, and instructed Dr. Craven, of the Mission 
Press ill India, to take charge of it. DuriiiK the rfteet- 
iiiK, Dr. Craven received a teleRram from D. C. Cook, 
of tiJiicago, donating to him, for his general pres.s- 
work in Luckiiow, a .steam-press worth $2,250, and on 
this the zenana paper would l>e printed. In referring 
to the action of the committee, the late Miss Hart 
.said. " Prolialilv the wisest and most significant, as 
certainly the bravest, work uiulcrtaken at this four- 
teenth session of the General Executive Committee, 
was the plan to create an endowment of $25,000 for 
the establislinient of a /enana paper. That there 
should be a neccs.sity for this, is the best evidence of 
the sliccess of the work wrought among these women. 
When, about a quarter of a century befor?, our mission 
was planted among the twenty millions of people 
given lis to evangeli/e in the Northwestern Provinces, 
probably there were not twenty women among them 
tli;it could read. It was deemed a ridiculous, if not an . 
iiiii)ossible, thing. ' These missionaries teach our 
women to read,' indignantly and scofiingly cried a; 'why, next they will be wanting to teach our 
cows.' Certainly we need to. publish a paper, then. 
But they have been, and are being, taught by the 
thousands; and we had to face the fact that we had 
established a reading constituency, and had given 


;ff,5"^''«f3rVr^/*<'''^?T^^ ™';^^ ' 'fwSv • 

Si IVo.u inf's Fokh:ii..\ AtissioNAkr SociKir. 

Ilifiir ;ilin<i''t iinllmin *" riad. * V\'e 1-ail iriMteil tlu- 
waul, ^niil wxTi' Imiiiid to supply il 'I'lii' <|Ui.'sti(in ol 
tifNl iiii])iiit.m( I- liiiaiiu'. H'/iiit lliiv iliii/l uiiil' Tlitti 
till lurllur vi-rv jiraitical <iuisliiiii, Huu l/iis wiinl 
Uiis lo hi in, t ' •Ddiiiid up ;\n a SikMcIv 1>> certain 
wi'll (Ufmi'il -Nprcilic wiirk, to \w ilniii.' in a spfcifio 
\va>, nitli all tlu' m(•all^ raised in \\w ordinary way 
pliMl>;i(l lo this Work, tcrlaitdv sonio extraordinary 
nu'thixl must Ix adopted to nuit this extraordinary 
demand. Hut the time was ans|)iiious, What could 
liave l)cen niorc t'lltint;. as Methodist women, than 

•thus to lcKUmIi- our entrance into the second cen- 
leiniial ol <nii Methodism' How could we have'het- 
ter attested oni nialitnde for all the way hy which 
We had heen led. lor all the work that had liein 
throuj;li wrt wrouKht. than lo make this grand new 
departure in niissionary enterprise? Tlien. was it not 
a niMidlx wav in uliicli to celchrate the tntiance of 
our Church in its second (piartir of a century c)f 
Work in India.' U'e commenced with nothinjj hut 
prejudice and o|)position. We ha<l ^''thered about us 
a chuich. a connnunity with Sahhath schotds ami day- 

. schools and hoarding schools and orphanages and Iios- 
pital.s, and ult the apjllianccs of earnest evangelistic 
and educational work. Yet one thing was lacking ; 
aye, one thing was useful. And so we honored our 
ccnteynial celebration as a Chun h, our i|uartercen- 
tennial as a Mission, hy supporting a missionary liter- 
ature adapted to the wants of . our women and 
the work." 

The women of the Church were asked to give 
twentvfive cents each, and in live years the endow- 
ment was complete. Mrs. Sleeper Davis, of Boston, 

Lm KMI UK. 8^ 

having given, as she pruniiwjil, llii- lust $5,oo«i of the 
$j.S.<xx) iikIdwiikiu Wlirii Mrs. D.ivi.s was makliin 
a tour of tile vvoilil, visiting the^t missions, 
she was piivilc^id, in Juiinary, iHijo, to go throngh 
tlie puhhsliiujr house in I,in.kuow, and sn- tin- various 
menus ancl"w;i\ s hy whicli i\\v \y.\\wx is gotten up. 

It is (alhd Ihe Woman i l-n,,ul, and is issued 
twice a month in tour diiUits -the I'rchi, Miiuh, llin- 
gah, and Tamil mid eontniiis editorials on the leading 
topics of tlK' day, especially pertaining to the condi- 
tion and needs of woiiiin; discussing such niaticrs of 
interest as widow IkhhI, infant iiKiiriagc, and ollu is of 
national iiiiporlaiui-. a piiliitv of Mtiiie noted l.uild- 
ing. place, or pcrsun. will, a lull description; also pic- 
tures ol liini; aiid aniiiial> : a continued story of ih,- life 
of Cliri-,!, with an ilhisiration for each iiuniher; col- 
umns for correspoiidiiuv, for cliildnn, for medical 
notes gems of thought, news iiotis, and Christian 
hymns, fdl the i>ages. Tlie first copy of the pajjer in 
Urdu appeared early in |,SH4. Miss I,. \-.. Hlackniar was 
elected editor hut resigned in i.vTS;, on acc(nint of the 
pressure ol other work, and Mrs H. H Ridley sue 
ceeded her as editor of the I'rdu and Hindi editions 
/piihlished in Luckiiow. The Urdu is called " Rajiqi- 
Nisuanr the Hindi, ' AhLi llitkarak." On Mrs. 
Biidley's return to Anurica in iSyj. Miss Thoburn 
was appyiiite<l editor, which p()-.ition she now holds. 
The Bengali cdi'ion, i)iil)lishe<| in Calcutta, is called 
" Afa/i,/,i Ih'ndhalc. " Its first editor was Mrs. Meik; 
then, in i.s.S.;. Miss Kate Blair was appointed. The 
Tamil edition, published in .Madras, called the Afalhar 
Afil/iiii:' was e<lilerl by .Nfis. Rndisill two years, until 
her death in 1889, when Mrs. George Isham became 

,?wK:^f pwp^t'\iTr'fj^7'jr*"~"t^ '~ 

»4 Wo.vAN'\ Fokkh.s Mission aky Society. 

her Huccessor, unlit her return to America in 1890, 
when Mi-Mt Oraie Stephen» wii"* n|)iM>inte(l to thf pcini- 
tfon, which nlie still hohh. In i«9,i a Maralhi edi- 
tion was ordered, if the lun<l(t warranted the expense; 
but it was finally made possitile hy an annuaj dona- 
tion from the Krie Conference of ti^o. and Minn * 
Sarah De Line was appointed editor It is published 
in Hombay. l)urint{»her illness in 1H94, and return 
to America in i«y5, Miss Minnie 'Abratns became ed- 
itor. It is estimated that 20,000 women in the 
zenana read these papers. 

Thf Hiid.n Fraiirn Freiind—\n 18H.S the'Ocn- 
eral Hxecutive Committee provided for the publica- 
tion of a Oermaii paper, to meet the want of the 
German consiitueiicy. For some time the German 
Secretary had realized the need of such help for the 
progress of the work and cncouruKenient of the work- 
ers. The first numbers were seiU out with much trep- 
idation, but freighted with prayer, as it was a strauRe 
thing for a German wonmn to edit a paper; but the 
Lord opened the hearts of the jxople, and 
Dreyer, the courageous Secretary, received nuich en- 
couragement. She liad had no previous preparation 
for such work ; but trusting in (iotl, she studied and 
worked on month by nioiUli, finding in Him her all- 
suflTicieiit help. The present edjtor says: "As I look 
over tlie first little volume which lies before me, I am 
impressed with the wealth of material which thi« little 
four leaf pajHir contains." The first number was 
i.ssued in January, 18H6, and in December tliere were 
1,200 subscribers. In 1887 the paper was doubled in 
size in order to coutaiu the mission studies. During 

■■m^^^<v^>^w~^!^>~y^ . -" V * '^•' ' • . , ■ -T . ■ 

' LlTKKATrHK. ' 85 

the yearn iHHHind 1H89 Mrii. Warren, wliohnil spent five 
yenr^ in liermunv. iiikI whn nn iiiinsimlly ^'ood (ierninn 
•tcholar, became its editor, lu iHHH Mrs. I'h. AchnnI, 
the present editor, visited Mrs. Warren, while a short 
titne in America. As she wns at tlie time preparing 
the (irrmoH Fririii the two women lidkeil to^etlier 
about its future and the good it was doiuK. Mrs. 
Warren said; "If yon ever live in America, this will 
lie your work ;" V)ut the answer came in dismay : " No, 
never, never can I dt) such work!" Hut when Mrs. 
Warren could carry the a<lded burden aiul responsi- 
bilitie.s no lonKer. etlitiuK all the time the (■jikI|''Ii pa- 
l»er, atul Mrs. Achard had come axain to .America to 
live. " What conKl I do," she asks, " but take up the work 
prompted by my great love lor the editor, though 
with many misgiviiiKs as to my own ability, and go 
forward trusting in the Lord.' and he has been an 
ever present help." In 1.S9V Mrs. Achard said to the 
writer; "I can not umlcrsland that \\w Heiden Fraiirn 
FminV is in my hands, if it was not for the words, 
' My strength 'is made perfect in weakness.' I have 
often realized the help of my I.ord in this work, and 
though imperfectly done, yet I am so thankful that 
the good Lord lets me m.'lp a little in His work." 
Year by year the number of subscribers has increased. 
In 1S94 there were 2,882, a good percentage when we 
consider that among the .^,229 members (piite a num- 
ber take the Knglish paper. There i.s evidence of 
much good accomplished through this little paper. 
In March, 1H94, the German constituency celebrated 
the " Silver Anniversary" by an enlargement of the 
number for March, and each I)eceml)er number is also 
enlarged by four pages, to contain the proceedings of 

8ft WoM.i.\'^ FoRt:iii.\ MisMa.\AKy SOi'iKTr. 

llie ('.fiiirul I-'xfciitiM- Coimiiitti-f. Mrs. Actard 
priiys til, It tills hitlo iiii->Miim I m:iv briiiK lu'lp iiikI 
clicournin'iiiiiil In till' workers, iiiti'rctt tli()<* who 
staml, iiiul lie u iiumiis to spitMil oiit-llic Kosprl 
tliroii^;lioiil ilu- lunlluii wdild" TIiIh is tin- only mis 
sioii.ity [liipi'r III the (>< rill 111 NrilliodistCliiinli of this 
f-oiiiilry,' ami the only (Jcniiaii paper iii 'the worUI 
editeil liy a woiiian. 

The //<<(///. '/ Cliildnti's l-'ri, lul - M\v\ tile Woiiiiiii'h 
l'"orelv;ii Mission irv Society \ tully ornaiii/fd, the 
worki-rs ill \,irioiis p.irts ol' the eoiiiitrx saw the de- 
siraliility ol etilisimn ,iiid ediicitiii^; the children bh 
helpers. HiiiiN were loriinil with this eiiil in view; 
liiU with these new orn,ini/.itiiMis ,i new (piestioii 
arosi- ■■ Wlure shall \\k- find siiitalile reailiii); matter 
(•r them ' '. .\ppeals troiii all sections came to the 
editor and pnlilis||,'r ol tiK- //nil/i, ii ll'iniiiiii's h'riind, 
askiiin for soiiiethinn desir.ilile for entertainments, 
lor lessons, ami lor nener,il iiilormation. .\ partial re- 
sponse was found to this diinaiid, in tlie "Children's 
!.';•,' irtment " ol^ the f-n,iiii, and in Leaflets: lint there 
was a HT'i'lii'i'ly <^ecpeni^J^! conyietioii that ni)thinK 
Imt a ,/ii/i{>iii's f<,if>,-r woiiUI ni^e full s.itisfaction. In 
l,SH4. at the meeting; of the (leiieral ICxecutiye Com- 
mittee helil ill lliltiiiiore. Mrs Warren, the editor, and 
Miss Wildcii. the pnhlislier ol the /■"//>■«(/, with others 
who hid liecoiue deeply interested in tile project, 
111 idi a definite (iroposition that the Societ,' imniedi- 
at< h eslalilish n children s missionary paper. The 
matter was Vjroiinlit before the coinniittee in proper 
form, was discusseil, voted upon, and lost \i\ two votes. 
.The following year tiiere was a similar discussion. 




, ( 


fe :■ 


;; ': ■ _ Literature. %% 

with a similar result; and it was not until four years 
later, in the Convention at Detroit in 1889, that a fa- 
vorable decision was reached. The choice of an ed- 
itor was also then considered, and the name of Mrs. 
Emily Huntington Miller, presented by Western del- 
egates, was accepted. After mature deliberation, Mrs. 
Miller felt obliged to decline this appointment, and 
Mrs. O. W. Scott, of the New England Branch, was 
substituted. The name chosen for the new paper, by 
a majority of the Branch Corresponding Secretaries, 
was the Heathtn ChUdrcu's Friend, and in January, 
1890, the first number appeared. It started as an 
eight-page illu.strated monthly, attractive in general 
appearance, and received a hearty welcome from inter- ' 
ested friends. Its list of subscribers the first year was 
5,128. With the beginning of the second year it was 
enlarged to twelve pages, while its price remained tlif 
same — fifteen cents for single subscriptions, ten cents 
for a club of ten or more sent to one address. In five 
years it reached a subscription list of 17,000, with a 
fair prospect of increase. This bright little paper is 
filled with stories and sketches from our foreign mis- 
sionaries, who give their best to the children. The 
home side of the work is not forgotten, as articles for 
recitations are constantly furnished, while reports of 
Bands occupy one page each month. Another page 
is devoted to "Our Les.son," while still another is set 
apart for the youngest corps of our great Mission 
Army — the Little Light Bearers. 

Translations. — The literary work that is being 
accomplished by Methodist women in mission fields 
in translation, school and song-book making, and tract 



90 lyoAfAN 's Foreign A//.ss/oxabv Society. 

writiiiK. deserves more than an enumeration, since the 
circulation of Christian hlcratnre in heathen lands is 
one of the foremost dcnymds of the age. Perhaps the 
married missionaries have done more of this work 
than those sent out hy the Woman's vSociety. Of 
• these latter we find the following translations :" Short 
Stories for Children," "The Christian's Inheritance," 
"Life of Susannah Wesley," "Life of Hester Ann 
Rogers," Clarke's "Scripture Promises;" also "Me-' 
morials of Christian Life during tlie Middle Ages" for 
the Gokyo. the Church paper, Miss M. A. Spencer, 
Tokyo; Commentary on the First Kpistle of John 
and First Thessalonians; also, "Outlines of Bible- 
History," Mrs. Caroline V'an Patten, '\'okohama; Mrs. 
Meyer's hooks for Children's Meetings, Miss Phelps;, 
a book illustrating the moral teachings of the Bible,' : 
Miss Baucus; A Bible Hi.story, prepared and pub- 
li.shed by Miss Flizabeth Ru.ssell, Nagasaki, Japan; 
a School Cieography, prepared by Miss Anna B. 
Sears, Peking, China: Berean Les- 
sons into Italian, Miss Kmma Hall, Rome; "Peep of 
Day," Mrs. M. F. Scranton, Seoul; a Bible Picture- 
book, Miss Louisa Rotluveiler, Seoul, Corea; a Sun- Hymubook, Miss Gertrude Howe, Kiu- 
{Tiang. .She edits a Children's Department in 
the Central China Advocatt'. The Misses Woolston, 
when in China, edited a child's paper. Glad Tidings, 
which Misses John.son and Boilafield edit alternate 
montlis with A. B. C. F. M. .School textbooks. Miss 
Mary Robinson ; Physiology, Dr. Lucy Hoag, Chen- 
kiang. "How to Win .Souls," and hymn tran.sla- 
tions. Miss Ruth Sites, Foochow, China. In Japan, 
in 1892, a system of prizes was awarded Japanese ^ 

LirsRATViiE. 91 

women by the inissionarie?, on suggested topics. 
Miss Mary Reed, after her exile to Chandag Heights, 
engaged in the work of translation. The Ten Com- 
mandments into Bhotuja (\vhich has no written char- 
acters). Dr. Martha Sheldon. • 

Olher work has possibly been done which has not 
come to onr notice.. 

Books. — Of the books is.sued and sold in the interest 
of the Society by home workers may be mentioned : 
" Diamond Dust," Mrs. Jennie Fowler Willing; "Si.s- 
ter .Ri.lnour's S.icrifice," Mrs. C. F. Wilder; "The 
Orient and Its People," Mrs. J. G. Hauser; "First 
Decade of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society," 
M.iry Sparkes Wheeler; "The Flowery Orient," Mrs. 
Bi.sliop Newman; "History of Medical Work," Mrs. 
J. T. Gracey; " Rosario," Mrs. J. F. Willing and .Mrs.- 
E. J. M. Clemens; " Historical Sketch of the North- 
western Branch," Franc Baker; "Bright Bits," 
Mrs. M. S. Budlong ; " Flora's Graduation," W. E. 
Blackstoue; "Gist," Lily Rider Gracey ; "The Bish- 
op's Conversion," Mrs. F;ilen B. Ma.xwell ; " Glimpses 
in Chinese Homes," V.. U. Yates; "Famous 
Filials," and " Boats and Carts," Olara Cnshnian; 
an Auxiliary«Treasurer's Book by Mrs. Fl. M. Pattee, 
and a Set of Books forjlie two Secretaries and Treas- 
urer by Mrs. Birch. 

Besides these are many booklets, memoirs, ' bio- 
grai)hical and historical sketches, and tracts written by' 
the women of the Society. 

The Missionary Lesson Leaf, prepared and pub- 
lished by Mrs. S.. A. R. since 1883, circulates 


' widely, the monthly issue reaching 20.000 copies. 
She also began the publication of The Foreign Mis- 
sion Field in 1888, for use in other denominations, 
which meets with favor. 

In 1887 she published a Children's Lesson t,eaf, 
which was edited by Miss Franc Baker. This wasi> 
sold out to the Little Missionary the following year. - 

A little paper called the Quarterly is published by 
some of the Branches. The dates' of first publication 
are as follows : Des Moines, April, 1891 ; Northwestern, 
August, 1.891; New England, January, 189.5; Cincin- 
nati, October, 1893; New York, March, 1894. The 
Minneapolis and Pacific^ Branches' also publish one. 

Chapter VI. 


GLANCING at German Methodism at large, we 
find the Church has never had more loyal sup- 
porters of its interests in all lines, be tliey evangel- 
istic, judiciary, literarj- or educational, than its Ger- . 
man membership. What wonder, then, that the Ger- 
man sisterhood took a lecp interest in the work of 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society so soon as 
they knew enough of its aims and methods? 

. Miss Margarctha DPeyer wrote in the Heiden 
Frauen Frcund for March, 1894, a rhtimi of tlie Ger- 
man work in the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety, of which the following is a free translation 
made by her : 

, It is probably impossible to decide'when, where, 
and by whom the first German Auxiliary of the Wom- 
an's Foreign Missionary Society was organized, because 
the German sisters united with the English soon after 
the organization of the Society in 1869. But this was 
not a methodical and united effort from the side of the 
German sisterhood, but rather the personal and indi- 
vidual impulse of those who came in contact with 
the English workers. We know that as early as 
1872 the .specific organization of German Societies be- 
gan, because the Woman's Auxiliary of the first Ger- 
man Methodist Episcopal Church of St. I'anl, Minne- 
sota dates its organization from that year. This or- 


94 H^O.V.tN'S FOJtBJi.N M/S^JONARy SociBTy. 

ganization was effected by the united efforts of Mrs. 
Mnry C. Niiid and Mrs. L. I'rescolt, who organ-, 
i/.ed our first Cltrnian Au.\iliary in Faribault, Minn., 
during the same year. 

lu the territory of the present Central German' 
Conference the work early gained a foothold in the 
German Churches of Cincinnati and Greenville. O.; 
also Jeffersonville and New Albany, Ind., and at other 
point.s. The same can be .said of the present Chicago 
Conference. St. Louis German Confereu-e had them 
also, at least one in Farmington. Iowa. 

The first positive date we fiml is March 8, 1878, 
when .Mrs. Davis, daughter of the sainted Bishop 
Clark, organized the Gennania Voinig Ladies' Society 
of the Third, or IJuckeye vStrcet, German Church of 
Cincinnati. Two years later, on the .24th of March, 
the Auxiliary at linterprise, Kansas, was organized 
with Mrs. V.. Hoffman as its organizer and' I're.sident. 

In 18H2 this same woman sent me a copy of the 
leaflet, "Wanted: Only a Woman's Hand!" by Mrs. 
Julia M. Olin. The appeal strangely thrilled me. I 
had asked God fre<|uently for absolute contentment in 
the duties "which lie nearest," and yet found no peace 
because of the conviction, " The Lord hath need of 
thee;' whither and wherefore were unknown, but 
finally were placed unconditionally in the hands of the 
I'ather. The leaflet .seemed to open my eyes, and 
the floodgates of my heart, and brought me to a de- 
cision, though another year passed before it seemed 
possible to organize at City, Kan. fthen \V')-an- 
dotte), which was finally done April 13, 1883. I was 
deeply convinced of the truth that the heathen women 
had as much claim upon the German women of the 


German Wokk. 95 

Churcl^as upon the portion, and as 
we at that time stofnl muler tin- tliriction of tlie Sec- 
retaries of the Knglish Conferences, I conferred with 
them as to what could be done to arouse p more gen- 
eral interest among the German-speaking Churches. 
Their opinion seemed to be that I was better ac- 
quainted with the German work than they, and 
requested me to write an essay on " The Si)irit of Mis- 
sions Among the Germans, ' lor the annual meeting of 
the old Western Hranch, wliich convened in Topeka, 
Kan., October, 1883. 

I complied with the request, and, in company with 
three other members of our Auxiliary, attended this 
last Western Hranch meeting; and as the Lord unex- 
pectedly opened the way, I there organized my first 
Auxiliary. How little I knew what would become of 
these small, beginnings! 

This Branch meeting, the first I had ever attended, 
was a great blessing to myself personally, yet when 
requested to accept the respon.sibilities of Gtrman Sec- 
retary, and as such visit among the Churches through- 
out the Rranch, wliich embraced the entire country 
west of the Mississippi, and continue in the direction 
of the newly-founded work, I hesitated, and would 
have declined; for my wishes and hopes were in an- 
other direction, had I not recognized God's liaud, and 
for Him and by His grace I accepted it. 

What was done up to this time, in beginnings here 
and tliere throughout the land, I have already told. 
It is more difficult to state what the fruit of these ef- 
forts were, inasmuch as there was no one to keep the 
special records and accounts — the German work in- 
chided in the English Conferences. The only sourco 



96 Woman's Forbjcn AfissioNAur Society. 

of information within reach is the Annual Minutes, 
and statistics of the various German Conferences^ 
which were organized in the fall of 1864. Among 
their entries of contributions for various benevolences 
we find the first mention of the Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society in the year i873'». The receipts 
this first year from the then organized German Con- 
ferences — Hast, Central, Northwest and Southwest — to- 
taled J.^SS-TS- ■ 

Though these statistics are far from satisfactory, it 
is interesting to note the fluctuations in tlie contribu- 
tions of the succeeding ten years. The largest annual 
contribution which tiic liast German Conference 
reached in this time was $75; Central German Con- 
ference, $171; Cliicago German Conference, $26.21. 
Northwest German Conference, 5i44-55l Southwest 
(now St. Louis) German Conference, $52.45; West 
German Conference, $176.90; of the Pacific 
(later, California German), $38.75; South German Con- 
ference, $12.30. Tlie total contributioifti of the decade 
amounted to $3,167.79. This, the financial fruit 'of 
those times under the .scattered supervision of English 
Conference Secretaries. But the fruit in point of or- 
ganization was far less satisfactory. For tliese I 
searched, when I accepted the proffered me in 
1883. True, I was primarily appointed only for the 
territory west of the Mississippi River, yet I was anx- 
ious to know how it stood in all parts. When I left 
home, January 2, 1884, '"'' "'y first itinerating tour for 
the Society, I knew there were but five German Aux- 
iliaries in existence— the one named in St. Paul; the 
"Getmania," of Cincinnati, O. ; the third in Enter- 


GsKAfAN Work. 9; 

prise, Kan., and the two which I had organized in 
1883, Wyandotte and Topeka, Kan. 

The relation we had, up to this time, held toward 
the ICnglish-spcaking part of the work, was unnatural, 
and for that reason the efforts put forth failed ta bring 
forth fruit with eiiouKh vital power to live and grow. 

My first two weeks in the itinerary will not be for- 
gotten. The first week of January, when I began, 
was the coldest week of tli* .season, and the railroad 
connections not the best, a\id I inexperienced in 
traveling. A ride in the hack frtjni .six to seven 
o'clock in the nioniing, with the mercury 28° below 
zero, a night in a little railway inn to catch an early 
train, which I missed because the clocks had stopped 
in consequence of the extreme cbld; the same 
ditched a train ahead of us and gave me a lie-over in 
n dreary cross-road station with only rude men, from 
q P. M. Saturday to i A. M. Sunday, reaching my des- 
tination about 2.30 A. M., at a depot with neither light 
nor fire, and no conveyance to carry me to town, a half- 
mile di.stant. I took my grip (hea\-y with mis,sionary 
literature), and followed some commercial travelers, 
who had shown me gentlemanly kindness, and would 
have assisted me had they not been similarly bur- 
dened. The way led up an incline, and I slipped 
continually. When I reached the hotel my feet were 
sorely blistered, and did not heal for weeks. This was 
the prelude of .severer tests yet to follow. 

I had at another time, later on iif my experience, 
made an appointment in a town for a Sunday. I 
-stated the case plainly, and told the minister that if it 
could not be arranged for me to have one of the serv- 


98 Wo.v.ty 's FoKEJGN Mission AKr SociKrr. ' 

ices for the cause, I nIiouKI be- happy to spend the 
Sabbath there as their guest, if cuuveuicnt, returning 
■1 my center of operations from a tri|) in another di- 
rection. I confidently expected word, but received ', 
none, and, it being Saturday afternoon, I could hope 
for nothing. After thinking the matl,cr over carefully, I 
decided to go, and fomid the pastor's family greatly 
afflicted through illness, and with this, and the usual 
care of the Church, the pasto' had had extra work by 
sickness and death in the charge. He had therefore 
forgotten to* write me. I requested to be-.slunvn or 
directed to a hotel; but the pastor said he knew of 
none (tliough he had lived there three years). I left 
the house, glad for the darkness of night to conceal 
my emotion. How I wanted to take the next train to 
loved ones more than a thou.sand miles away ! I risked 
going to the next*appoiiitment, to which I had been 
made welcome by letter ; but fearing the pastor's fam- 
ily might asjc whether I had had supper, I first went 
to a groctiry-.storc and bought two wafers and an apple 
for a penny or two. and ate them in the darkest street 
I could find, ,so I could truthfully .say "yes.'y for my 
^liroat was too full and choked for eating. How much 
more I could relate of experiences akin to that of 
Paul in 2 Cor. xil But why should I? I will rathCT 
praise God who made it possible to conquer through 
Christ our Lord, for whose .sake and in whose name 
I had entered the field. As I look back I can truth- 
fully say, there is no feeling, neither was there then, 
against such opponents as I met; for I felt God only 
could know the motive, He alone had the right to 
judge, and I think we all learned*to know and prize 
eaclj other as members of one body. 

'^?p?»W;raW»r^»!Sp- ■%f^:^f^^^::T0_9SSm^f!^'';^. - 

German Wokk. ••99 

The ludicrous was not always lack^nj. I had had 
considerable trouble geuiiij,' the CoiilVitnce floor in a 
certain Conference, whey I visited tliLin the first time, 
and was free enough afterward to say that it looked 
much like a game of chess between, myself and the 
Conference Secretary. S^me one kindly informed 
him of the remark ; and when I again stood before 
the Conference, a year or two later, warmly praising 
God for help vouclisafed, and inviting their co-opera- 
tion in ever-increasing ])roportion, the Secretary, who 
was sitting in the altar where I stood beside liim, dis- 
tinctly whispered: " Vou are making a good move on 
the chess-board to day." I went on, only looking him 
in the face to let him know I had heard. Afterward 
I told him privately I perceived some one had in- 
formed him of my comparison, but added: " Though 
I had no desire to pain you, yet, had we had the op- 
portunity of talking the matter over, I would have 
told you the same." He laui;lied, shook my hand, 
and congratulated \\\i on to-day's success. 

Hut more preciously treasured in memory's store- 
house are the hours of sweet communion with my 
God, when, in long days of travel or nights of delay 
in lonely depots, I .so deeply felt that he had only led 
me aside from the crowd that 1 might enjoy his 

That the acquaintance with so many con.secratcd 
women has been a source of endless pleasure and 
profit, none will doubt; but not all will comprehend 
the thrice-bles.sed hours that pwaited me on retiring 
after a heavy day's work, whcn'sleep refused to come 
at my bidding, because of the nervous excitement. 
If not too tired, it was a jubilation ; if too tired, I 

loo Woman's foKEiGN Missionary Society. 

would cry, but not alone. Jesus was so consciously 
near that, had he opened my eyes as he did those of 
Elijah's servant, I shoujd not have been startlt-d to 
see the " Beloved Master." 'T were hard to say 
which was most precious ; for in both 1 knew that he 
fully understood nie. , 

In 1884 I traveled within the bounds of the 
West and the St. Louis German Conferences; also, 
in the present North and Northwest German Confer- 
ences — all west of the Mississippi ; but received in- 
vitations to come further east as well. I accepted, 
and in 1885 extended my work into the Chicago Ger- 
man Conference. Duriiif,' this time I organized the 
still-flourishing society of the First German Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, in Milwaukee. But the greater 
pt)rtiou of the winter was spent in the Central Ger- 
man Conference; and the following autumn and win-" 
ter I reached the Atlantic Coast, and labored for a 
time in the I\ast German Conference. ' 

By this time I had associated with me a number 
of loved co-laborers, who assisted me in copying cir- 
cular letters, also in mailing supplies ; which was a 
great help. So far as possible, I had such a one in 
each Conference. „ • 

In the year 1H87, nine Conferences reported work — 
seven in America, where I had labored,' and the Con- 
ferences in Germany and in Switzerland, which had 
been called to life in 1886 by Mrs. Hagans, of Chi- 
cago, whose timely efforts in seed-sowing might have 
been less fruitful had I not followed with earnest let- 
ter-writing by way of remembrance. However, they 
were now at work, under the secretaryship of Mrs. 
P. Achard and Mrs. A. Spoerri, respectively. 

:-i -. 

German Work. loi 

Mrs. Achard is the daughter of Dr. Jacoby, the 
father of Methodism iu Germany and Switzerland ; 
mother of eleven children, and matron, or " haus-mut- 
lir," for the students of Martin Institute, at Frank- 
fort, Germany. Very wise was her arrangement, ac- 
cording to which the membership fee is fi.xed at thirty 
cents yearly. In this wise she enlisted the 
Those who can do more, and feel so inclined, can, and 
do so. 

The following is a translation, made by Mrs. Ber- 
tha S. Ohlingtr, of a circular drawn up by Mrs. Ach- 
ard and Mrs. Manii, and sent throughout our work in 
Germany and Switzerland : 

"i)KAR SisTKK, — Since our husbands have, with- 
out our knowledge, organized a Branch of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, thereby occasioning great 
joy among our sisters in America, it is our duty to 
go forward in this work. Although we, the under- 
signed, are among the number having tlie largest 
families to care for, we have nevertheless resolved, 
with the help of God, to accept tl^e office which has 
been conferred upon us, but would ask you tqassist 
us in the duties "connected therewith — in the first 
place, by securing subscribers for the Hciden Fraucn 

" We are of the opinion that if every Sewing So- 
ciety, or any other society of si.sters, werj to sub- 
scribe for one copy, it would be a fair beginning. 

" Secondly, we would ask you to find members 
for this Society. Inasmuch as our sisters are already 
taxed to the uttermost, we have concluded to fix the 
rate of membership at five pciuiies per month. 
Larger contributions will, of course, be accepted. 

'•^■^ ' ^'*f'*if.-r^™;'« ';«;• 5^^^^^ 


The paper will come to about thirty cents per anuum, 

including postage. 

" You niny, perhaps, think that we an; already 
overburdened, and can not jiossibly do more. That 
is exactly what we thought at first ; but after consid- 
ering the matter carefully, we feci confultUt that the 
Lord will aid us in this work if we put our trust in 
him. It is our duty to lend our sisters -in America a 
helping hand. 

"If we but call to mind tlie mfiny privileges we, 
as Christian women, enjoy, .as compared with the 
women in hcatlKU lands, surely the love of Christ 
must constrain us to do all we can for the further" 
ance of this cause. We would therefore entreat you 
not to kt this matter rest, but to do all that is in your 
power to do. 

"All contributions are to be sent to Mrs. M. Mann, 
in Kaiserslaiitern, Bavaria ; also, the number of sub- 
scribers for the UddiH liiuHii J-nund is to be re- 
ported to her. Other correspondence, in regard to 
the organization of Auxiliaries, membership, and the 
work of the scjj.irale Societies, etc., is to be addrcs,sed 
to Mrs. Acliard, Rikleiburg 88, Krankforton-the- 
Main. In the hope that we Inay .soon have the 
pleasure of hearing from you, we close with sisterly 
greetings. Pii. Jalouv-Ach.akI), 

M. M.WN." 

California reported its first German Auxiliary in 

1890, which at once took rank under the leadership of 
Mrs. C. Meyer. This sanie energetic and loving sis- 
ter inlluenced the first urgani/alioii in the \orlh Pa- 
cific German Conference, at Taconia, AWishington, in 

1891. Since then we have organizations in all but 



GsK.VAflf Woxa: loji 

one of the now thirteen German Conferences in Amer- 
ica and I'iiirope. 

The first General Ivxecutive ComniiUce meeting 
that I attended was held in livanston, 111., October, 
1885. At this time I explained onr efforts and hopes 
and desires, and was cliecrfnll/ granted the necessary 
literature; and in January, 1H86, appeared the first 
number of the Uddnt t^i-auen J-reiiiid. As I had no 
one, at that time, who was both capable and willing 
to assume the responsible work, I added it to my 
other duties, trusting the IvOrd for strength and wis- 
dom to do it. Two years I carried this combined 
work, 'and the next two our beloved (now sainted) 
Mrs. -Warren piloted the little craft, until God sent us 
^^ the right person for the place in the person of* Mrs. 
P. J. Achard. I will not enumerate the other numer- 
ous casual pubbcations which were, and still are, a 
great help ; for, with the constant increase of the 
work, more were needed. 

Thus the end of another decade has come. 
Financially, we have done more than threefold as 
well, giving $;,5, 242.65 ; and the five Auxiliaries with 
which the decade opened^ have grown to be 11)4, with 
4,520 annual and 47 life niend)ers— enough to organ- 
ize a Hranch, were it not that immense distances and 
other considerations prevented thus (ar. 

The Society recognized the pecuiiar situation 
early, and in 1889 gave me a .seat and voice in the 
General Kxecutive Committee, as ' Superintendent of 
German Work of the Woman's Foreign Mi.s; ionary 
Society.' In the meanlime my honored assistants 
have advanced Iroin mere ornamental to veritable 
Conference Secretaries, who now form my link of 

104 Woman's Fossign M/ss/oNAgy Soc/Bry. 

comtAnnication with the organizations. Beside the 
names of Mrs. Anna Spoerri and Mrs. h., 
Switzerland; Miss D. Gebhardt, South Germany; 
Mrs. L. Wi^nderlich and Mrs. A. Hempel, North Ger- 
many ; Mrs. L. Edwards, East German Conference in 
the United States; Miss A. Baur, Cincinnati German 
Conference; Miss Julia Enderis, Chicago German 
Conference; Mrs. Maggie Zimmerman, North Ger- 
man Conference; Miss E. Schuette, Northwest Ger- 
man Conference; Mrs. E. Schnackenberg, St. Louia 
German Conference; Mrs. Bertha Kurtz, West Ger- 
man Conference; Mrs. C. Meyer, California German 
Conference; Mrs. B. Bauer, North Pacific German 
Conference, who are my assistants at this time, I 
wish to make gratelul mention of the following, who 
preceded them: Mrs. H. A. Eranz, the Misses Lizzie 
and Clara Bauer, Bertha Rheinfrank, Mrs. Mary 
Snyder, Miss Anna Fiegenbaura, Miss Ida Hallsick, 
Miss Julia Reinhardt, Miss Mary Kaeser, and others, 
who succored in numberless way.s. 

How has this been attained and maintained? It 
is not to be denied that in this decade, too, there has 
been a constant per cent of loss as well as gain; 
nevertheless, the present condition of the work is 
sufficient proof of the wisdom of carrying it on as a 
specifically German work, even though the workman- 
ship displayed is of an apparently inferior order. 
With the better knowledge these workers had of Ger- 
man needs and peculiarities, we also received the 
needed helps in leaflets, blanks, etc., etc. As climax 
and crown of all, our dear Hcidni Fraucn Frcnnd, 
which has already entered upon its eighth year, 
though it has both changed its form and increased its 


size, is stretching in a manner wliich indicates that 
the dress is again growing too small. 

In enumerating gif^s and givers, we must not 
forget our own four German missionaries (besides a 
number who have been rocked in the arms of Ger- 
man motliers, but who have abandoned the language 
of their ancestry) — Miss h. C. Rothweiler, in iSHf; 
Miss Bengel (now Mrs. Jones), three years later, both 
from the Central German Conference; and in 1893, 
Miss Lydia Diem, from Switzerland to Bulgaria, and 
her sLster, Miss Amelia Diem. 

But have we only given? Far from that. We 
have received a German nii.ssionary literature from 
the hands of our generous Literature Committee, and . 
to our own lives come £i broadening and spiritual 
and intellectual development which only so high and 
holy a cause xould bring about. As a sisterhood, we 
have Become united as nothing else could have made 
us ; and we have learned to recognize causes for grat- 
itude in our hutnble spheres— all unknown before. 
We have become better, more grateful, more active, 
and happier. In 'that day,' side by sidejtvith the 
women of heathendom, will .stand many German 
Methodist womeix of America and Europe, praising 
God for the benefits derived through the channels of 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. * 

CuiCAOO, ]u.., January 27, 1894. 

In 1890 the Superintendent of German work vis- 
ited the Switzerland and German Conferences, and 
broug'it back encouraging reports, exhorting us not 
to forget the poverty of our people in those countries, 
and the sacrifices which they bring to maintain the. 

. oa?:.*r., ^v.wi'.vi- -->■-■ 

1 06 iVoafAiv 's FoKBiGS Mission AR y Societk 

work of the Church among them ; nevertheless, they 
who partake in these contributions to the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society do so with gladness that 
even the little they can do is not too small to be ac- 
cepted by the Society, to which they feel greatly in- 
debted for transmitting their gifts to their heathen 
sisters, and for aiding those more nearly home by 
sustaining Bible women both in Germany and Switz- 
erland. Tliey have a very happy mode of making 
tlieir collections monthly among non-Church-goers, 
and takiuiu; this as an opportunity to reach them for 
their j)ersonal salvation. 

The work in the United States lies largely among 
the poorer people. The West German Conference, 
out of seventy-.six appointments, has only thifty-one 
that are si.lf-snpporting; but has thirty-five organiza- 
tions of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 
Mite-boxes are freely circulated ou country circuits 
where monthly meetings could not be sustained. 

District ineetin>;s are held ; the work is repre- 
sented at Annual Conferences and at camp-meetings; 
and tlic Secretaries attend the Branch meetings, catch- 
ing a flame of enthusiasm that burns brighter in their 
own hearts, and sends a glow into the hearts of the 

Tlie Heidin Frnucu Frciind is much appreciated, 
as shown in its circulation of one paper for less than 
two members. 

In 1S93, Mrs. Bishop Newman accompanied her 
husliand to Kurope on his epi.scopal visitation. Her 
addresses at the several women's meetings of the 
three German and Swiss Conferences were published 
in the Evangelist, of Bremen. 



Chapter VII. 


THE General Conference of 1H72 took action grant- 
ing the Society the most cordial recognition and 
encouragement, " officially authorizing the prosecu- 
tion of its work as a recognized agency of the Ciiurch, 
with uo other than its present restrictions." Impor- 
tant action was also takefi in regard to tenure of prop- 
erty, both at home and abroad, by which the trustee.s 
of the Methodist Kpiscopal Church were to hold 
property for this Society. Kach succeeding sessiini 
the General Conference has put it.self on record to 
the efTect that the Society is a most important aux- ' 
iliary hi missionary work. 

Section 4, Article VIII, in the Discipline of the 
Methodist Ivpisc6pal Chnrch, concerning the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, reads: 

" Th^ funds of the Society shall not be rai.sed by 
collections or subscriptions taken during any of our ^ 
regular Church ser\'ices, nor I in any Sunday-school; 
but .shall be rai.sed by such tiiethods a% the cpnstitu. 
tion of the Society .shall provide, none of which shall 
interfere with the contributions of our people and 
Sunday-schools for the treasury of the Missionary 
Society of the Methodist Rpi.scopal Chnrch : and the 
amount so collected shall be reported by the pastor 
to the Annual Conference, and be entered in a colwmn 


io8 WoMAN^i Foreign MisstoNAur Soc/ATr. 


among the benevolent collections in the Annual and 

General Minutes." 

• By an almost unanimous vote, in 1884, the follow- 
ing was adopted : 

" Resolved, That S 4 of this pfiragraph, concerning 
Women's Missionary Societies, shall not be so inter- 
preted as to prevent the Indies from taking collections 
in ladies' meetings convened^n the interests of their 
Societies, nor from securing memberships, life mem- 
berships, etc., in audiences where their work is repre- 
sented; nor from holding festivals or arranging lec- 
tures in the interests of their work." 

The collection-taking rights were made, in 189a, 
unmistakably clear, by expunging the word " regu- 
lar" from before " Church .services," and omitting the 
clause, " nor in any promiscuous public meetings," 
and now reads: " The provisions of ^ 4 of this para- 
graph (^[ 362) shall not be so interpreted as to pre- 
vent the women from taking collections in meetings 
convened in the intcre.stti of their Societies ; nor from 
securing memberships and life memberships iu au- 
diences where their work is represented ; nor from 
holding festivals or arranging lectures in the interests 
of their work." 

Plain, strong words of recognition were given the 
Society in the Episcopal Address to the General Con- 
ference, in 1892: 

" The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society stands 
forth as one of the agencies for the world's 
evangelization, and the wisdom and efficiency with 
which its affairs are administered remain unabated. 
No branch of Christian work has been more ably con- 
ducted in the entire history of the Church. Deprived 


of it, the missionary cause would lose much of its 
strength. It should be cherished by the Church as 
one of her prime agencies, and should continue to 
receive her heartiest support." 


" Rarely has a cause been sanctified by oflTerings 
representing aiorc of sacrifice and devotion than in 
some of these special gifts to the treasury. Gifts 
have been brought, hallowed by the touch of those 
whom God has taken from hearts left desolate. 
Memorial buildings have been erected, and orphans 
supported in memory of the loved. These have been 
baptized with affection and prayer; and we find here 
some of the secrets of the success, under God, of the 
Society's work. 'These have come up for a memo- 
rial.- " 

The enumeration given includes sums of $1,000 
and over. Perhaps the first donation for specific 
work was that of a native prince in India, of property 
valura at $15,000, for woman's medical work; and 
very early in the history of the Society, Lady Li, the 
mother of China's great viceroy — Li Hung Chang — 
left as a bequest to the " good Doctor " Howard, for 
medical work, $1,000. 

Above and beyond the income of the Society, 
$25,000 have been raised for the endowment of the 
zenana paper, in India, $5,000 of which was contrib- 
uted by Mrs. Elizabeth Sleeper Davis, of Boston » 
$1,000 by a gentleman in Baltimore; and $2,000 by a 
lady in Pennsylvania. 

As early as 71, Mrs. Sarah Kemp Slater, of Grand 
Rapids, Mich., willed half the annual interest from 

.^^H**^ ,•i'•.'-^.^4^ ::-:<>>i*^;-"',^-^^'i '*-''.'■ I '-^^^ 


I ro H'OMA-y'S FOKKK.S Missionakv Societv. 


the sale of her property, which has nnioiinted, in the 
years ilowii to '95,10 over $4,f>,vs ; Mr*- J- !'• Newman 
(lAiated $j,f)0() (or a " Hume for HoiiiclcHs Women" 
ill North India; Mrs. Dr. (loiu-her gave $5,000 for the 
"Isabella Fisher" Hospital, in Tientsin, China; Mrs. 
Caroline Wright, $1,700 for a memorial school in 
Hakodati, Japan. 

Mrs. TfrQ. ScofielU, of Klgin, III., beqeathed $7,- 
000, of which $5,o<x) was for the medical educational 
fund of the Northwestern Hranch, and $1,000 each 
for orphanages in Japan, China, India, and Mexico; 
Philander Sniilh gave $4,500 for .school in Loftcha, 
Bulgaria ; Mrs. Adeline Smith, $5,500 for school-build- 
ing i)i Nankfti, $4,o<x) for Deaconess Home.jn Chung- 
king, China, and $1,566 to the general vtorlc; Mr. 
and Mrs. Wni. K. Hlackstone, $5,000 for Deaconess 
Home and Training-school in Muttra, India; Mrs. •• 
Vy. K. Hlackstone, $.vooo for school-building in i^W'' 
vTeoul, Korea. Mrs. Uertha Sigler, of Iowa, gave 
J^.TCKi for a school in Budaon, India ; Mrs. C. D. 
.Strong gave $i,o<k>, and Mrs. Clews, of Iowa, $3,000; 
Mrs* K. C. Del'auw, of Indiana, $1,000 for commenc- 
ing work in Japan ; Mr. Le Huray, of New Jersey, 
and his daughter, Ivleanor, $1,000 for outfit in Buenos 
Ayres; au invalid lady in Baltimore, not a Methodist, 
in gratitude to one who is, $1,262 ; Mrs. Frances Ste- 
vens, Joliet, III., for Bombay Home, $i,ocx); Mrs. P. L. 
Bennett. Wilkesbarre, Pa., $1,000; Mrs. H. W. War- 
ren, (or work in Japan, $1,000; Mrs. Mary C. Nind, 
of Minneapolis, for opening work in Singapore, 
$3,000; Mrs. Wright, of Glen Hope, Philadelphia 
Branch, $3,000; Mrs. Louise Soules, of Michigan, to 
found a school in Aligarh, India, $7,000; Mr. and 


... . , ^ ' 


Mrs. J. W. I'liillips, of MuliiKan, ■for* Keiicral work,. 
>j.iMH); Mr. ntid Mrs rii>>leil, Trinidad, Colo., i<i,^i*i \ 
lior Mtenit, India; nii a^ffl coii|)lo in Topcka, Kan., » 
^fj.cKv). A K^iitU'iiian in Iloinliay (.-oiitribnttd ?i,i<o<) 
for tin- uoik in tli.nt city. " Jonathan," of IJaltiinore, 
gave >i .;.Hi for lfil)li;'s School in Vokohanin. 

Ainoii^; the bc<|Ui'Ms, xvc note f i.iof) each Ironi 
Mr. Aaron Devore, Illinois; Mrs: Adalinc .Slanghtcr, 
•Indian.-'pblis; a legacy in Haltiniore; Miss McMillan, 
Michigan; Mrs. Hells, Michigan; Sheridan Hakcr, 
Mrs. I,o^;an, and J. P. Leiter, of Ohio ; Miss Isabel 
Hart, Ilalliniorc; Mary A llanuuond, Indiana; Rev. 
J. W. Agaril, Chicago; Mary J. Harclay, Johnsville, 
, N Y. 

Other bequests are : Iv D. Boynton, New York 
Branch, $i,f<,So; Mrs. Hramwell, ("■aleslmr)', III, $t,- 
500; Mr. Jas. T. Fields, ;f5,o<x); Miss L. C. Kejnncdy, 
Illinoi.s, )Fi.,109; Isaac H. KoU, Wisconsin, )F5.tvx> ; 
Mrs. Rachel Harford, Illinois, $i,5(x>; Jane A. Wag- 
ner, ChicaK". )SJi™>o; ICniily Kimball, Wisconsin, 
5i ,362.5.S ; sale of Chicago property, ;>-mm • -.V) I Ivlvira 
Elliott, Michigan, $2,500; Caroline M. IVltinKer, In- 
diana, $1,497.75; Alexander McClure, Illinois, $2,- 
1^9.70; Mrs. J, T. Harrison, Minneapolis, for Indus- 
trial Home in ToUio, Japan, S5,txx) ;, Mrs, Col)urn, 
for room in the Home; Miss M, J. Kniiner, Midlin, 
Pa,, $1,910; Harvard becpiest for Medical Fund in 
Northwestern Branch, $2(x«; Mrs. Bishop Clark, 
$2,(xx); Miss Minerva Kvans, Cincinnati Branch, $1,- 
500; Mrs, Kllen M. Warner and Mrs. Lucinda Button, 
Illinois, each $2,000; Mrs. James Abraham, Portland, 
Ore., for three schools in India, $15,000; Mrs. Sleeper 
Davis, $2,s.fxx5. 

. ■, .9%' 



1 1 3 Woman 's Fo/fn/t.jv Miss/onak r Socibty. 

Hcsides the alxive, at a time of need in the Dalti- 
more iirancii, a bonil for ;^s.<x>i. to run thirteen years, 
bearing 5 per cent interest, was •g'^'*-'" ^V li-cx. J. F. 
Gonclier ; and the beautiful home of Mrs. Charlotte 
O'Neal, I'.i.-iadcna, Cal., has been given to the Society, 
reserving a life lease. A ;>4,or>f) mi.ssionai^ scholar- 
ship in Albion College was raised in the Northwest- 
ern Ilranch, as a memorial to Mrs. U. A. Hoag. 

These gifts have i in parted fragrance to the whole 
work. He who "sat over against the treasury " has 
been keeping the record.? 


AKY SociKTY. — Careful attention to the wording and 
expres.sions of a will are necessary for it.s full accom- 
plishment. If persons disposed to make be(|Uests to 
this vSociety will observe the following form, there 
can be no legal flaw : " I hereby give,and bequeath to 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Sodriy of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Churrh, incorporated under the laws 

of the Stale of New York, dollars, to be paid 

to the Treasurer of said Society, whose receipts shall_ 
be a sufiScieut acquittance to my executors therefor." 

Snteteo into iteet. 


Mrs. (",. K. Dojiohtv, Corresponding Secretary of Cincinnati 

Ilr.incli, 1S75, 
Mks. Dk, Stki'HKN, President of New York Branch, 

May. 1S79. 
Mrs. Arza Brown, Vice-Prciiident of Northwestern Branch, 

I'ehruar)' 19, 1883. 
Mrs. J. T. Harrison, Treasurer of Minneapolis Branch, April 

.V 1S86, 


MiSCKI.LANKOl'S, , 113 

Mas. M. W. l>n*TK«, M. D., Pretiilenl of Drt Moiiict Rruiicti, 

Scplcinl>rr H. 188H. 
Mas. K. A. B. HuAf,, Corrct|ioii<llnK Secretary, Northwmterii 

Branch, Septemlwr 27, 1(0*9. 
Man. K. IIaMILTOn, Treuurcr of Raltiiiiore HrHiu-h, jHiiuurv 

7. 'H91. 
MiM ISADKI.I.A Mart, CorreiipuiKliiiK Secretary, BaUiinnrt- 

Branch. Scptemticr s, 1891, 
Mas. I'RANCiH .\. CaooK, I'reiiiclent, lliiltiniorc Branch, No 

veWiber, 1H91. ' 

Mrs. J. r. KARI.Y, rreaident I'ai irie Branch, I'ehruary, 1H93. 
Mas. Ilisiiop Ci.AHK, I'rcsiilcMit, Cincinnati Branch, Octolwr, 

Mas. Dr. Pa-Nfohtii, I'irst Vicel'rcniili-nt of Northwestern 

llranch. August, 1S9.V 
Mas. KiiliKCCAT. CoMKCVS, Vice rrcsiileiit Cincinnati Branch, 

Mrs. SrsAN J. Stkki.h, Vice I'nsiilent New Rnghiml Branch, 

Scptcnil>cr 5, 1895. 

Mrs. 1';i.:.i;n 111 nt Curtis, Recording Secretary, New ling- 
loud, October ]6, 1893. 

Mrs. ElizarkTii Slkkpkr Davis, Moy 8, 1891. 
Mrs. Aosuinb M. Smith, July 4, 1895. 

#— _T**--4-**<i"-*' ■ "^ 




Nr« I'Mixlonil. 

Nrw York, . . 
ll4illniiiirr, ■ 
CiiK'liiiiuii, . 
I)rM Moiut'H, 
T<>|»kn, , . 
I'liiifif, . . . 
Coliiinliia Kivrr 
Sfutttriiijf Suh., 

Totnl, . 











'Included iu Auxiliary. 

i'M57 74''.Vtn''M3 iSJ-^IMfeiW 77 4<H 9" 3302161714518 aSBj 















4c j< 







?^?iri«r^ 7 n;K ,' ■ ^:-w^- ' 



North IiiilU Confrrriiir, . f.5'.t'7 ""' 

Northwrtt India Ciiiirereiirr, * . IMS'" "> 

South Inilln Conrrrriu'c iH,ii«i <>i 

Bohittjiy CfHifrrfiice, '7.^^* •■> 

RriiKnl Hiiniiith ConrrrriKr, . . 7..IIU >>• 

Total for InilU, f ■ >'>..V<5 "< 

Malnynia. i.^Mj i» 


North China l'""t.Vt '" 

CrntMil Chini i),i'7i)(«i 

Wr»t Cliina, . . hA\i> '«' 

Pcxichow, >ym '■■ 

Total for Cliinii Ub,\^ ii>i 

Japan ... .'jN.jjj i«i 

KOKKA, '*'i3'* '" 


ITAI.V 7.757 00 

Bl'l.l-.AKIA • 4.46J COT 




Totdl J3I 1,160 (»l 

ColitinKt-nl UlViH in 

TRP.AS(JlteR'5 HE«>HT. 

Amount of Monkv C<ii,i.KtTKi> hkom octoiikk i, 1H93, to 


New UnKlnnil Hr.inch linclnilinK <■ lH'(|ur»t of (iis.- 

i>«i from MrH. Slcrpcr I)avi<<i J'S.'(.94.S '3 

•New Viirk llranrh .V>.<«j<^ <k> 

Philailrlpliiii Ilriinrh • J6.7.1i •? 

Ilaltiniorr Ilruncli. ij.rijj 36 

Cinrinniiti llrRnt'h 40..S36 56 

Northwi-«tern Ilrnnch 6H,584 17 

I)e« Moint's Mrnncli 24,iAi 36 

MinncHjioliit llranrh 9.1^9 26 

Tii|>rka llrani-h 16,077 48 

I'arifio Ilranch 5.042 94 

Columbia River Ilranch 3.524 43 * 

Total f'31 1.925 96 

Amount raiacil, 1893 277,303 79 

Increase I34.612 17 

'"'Si ^V,' ''. ^' 


. '1 'if^w;;^ r "'^'^'^■W?Vi^^ 

ii6 Woman's Fokkk./v A/ixsioa/amv Socibty. 


Prom Man h, iHNj, to April. 1H71 »4.54A1« 

'• April I, 1H70, to 1N71, ll,,V»7 W 

1H71, to " IH7.1 4-4.477 4'' 

1H7J. to iH7< ,V4.'*,Vt H? 

1H7V to 1H74 'M,.V«J JJ 

H74, to " 1H7J 6l,4<*J 19 

H7^, to I'l'li. m, 1H76 iS'l*^ <>'> 

" Hrli. 10, lH7ft, to 1H77 71..(64 .V> 

1H77, to 1H7S (*,()<),) 5J 

1S7H, to iH7y **.^\S ft9 

879, to •• iSSo 76,376 4 J 

i»)t<i. to •■ IKK IU7.9.W 4S 

iHNi to Oil 1, iHHi i!lj,678 y) 

■ ()rt. I i-Sj. to ■■ iSSt Ij6,«j^ 33 

IS.S, to 1H.H4, ■ 14.V199 "4 

iSh.,, to iS«J I57.44J 66 

iHHs. to 1SN6 167,098 Hj 

1SS6, to •' I****? 191. ',^'* '.< 

1.SH7. Ill •■ ISSS Jf^-.V** 69 

iSsA. 10 1H.S9 > J 16,496 IS 

ISX.), lo IS.,1 JX>,.^J9 96 

» •■ " 1H4.1. 10 ■• \>v,\ ]6.^.66i> 69 

iH.,1. to i^)J i6,s,,Mi I.S 

is.ij, 1.1 ■• is<M J77.J''A 79 

l.S,,i. 10 1N<(.1 ,<II,9J.S 96 

Total Mile f orKiUii/.iliciii, f.M5'M< '7 

Aiixiliiirv Socictit-ii, 
Auxili.irv MimhIhts. 

The Hoiiu- Work for iH<;s is nprtsented by the 
following statistics: 


Voting W'oiiU'trs Soti<'ti«'H, . . . 7^ 

\'oiuiK W'otiiiMi Mi-iiiIkth. . 
CliiMnii- l!:inils 

MllIllnTf' II.UI1I 

Total OrKHiii'atioiis, . ■ ■ . 

Total Miiiilitrs 

Coiiffreiice Sfcretarit-ft, • . 
Pistrirt Si'irctarits, .... 
Little I.iKlit Ilcarirs. .... 
Mitc Imixi-- ili'itriliiitfcl, . . 




(), iHi 

151, l6.^ 





Chaptkr VIII. 


OMAN'S mulical work lias l)ieii tin- otit^jrowth 

of a necessity in all hcatlun loimtriis. Tliin 
in.iy lie si'cn ill India by liio fi)lli)wiiiK extract from 
the /iii/iaii H'iliiiis : 

" While maternity may hv held in honor, and the 
mother of sons derives special dignity from her posi 
tion, the trcitnient of all wimun on the occasion of 
the birth of chililren is unimaginably cruel and sin- ^ 
pid. The education and civilization of which some 
classes of native 8<Kiety can justly boast, stop sliort of 
any attempt to ameliorate this evil ; and on Iuit,'lish- 
speukiuK and, to some extent, thinking Hindu Kcntle- 
nian still considers that all the assistance which his 
wife needs in the supremest trial of her life can be 
sufficiently rendered by a woman of the lowest caste, 
whose i){i)orance is her j;reatcst recommendation, since 
all that she has learned of tlie art she professes tends 
only to make her help more dan>;erons than neglect. 
The wretched mother, whose husband beats her with 
a stick her new-born babe is a daughter in- 
stead of a son. Is really little more to be pitied than 
the woman of higher caste, whose life is imperiled" 
and whose health is destroyed by the barbarous cus-* 
tonis of the country. The remedy for a slate of 
.things which it is unnecessary to do more than hint at, 



li«* in the ]|r9p«r trainiii); i>f native nurses, and in 
•flurdiiig facilitii-H for medicnl and Hitrgicid attend anf e 
to tluise willing to avail themselves of it." ^ ~ 

To Mrs. Sarah J. Hale tx-longs the honor of pio- 
neer in this great movement ; and when editor of 
iiodfy'M /.tiily's Hook, in the March number for iH,s» 
appealed to American Chri.stiaiis in helialf of the 
"Ladies' Medical Minsjotiary Si>ciety," formed in 
Philadelphia, in November, i''<.si, with the special ob- 
ject of " giving aid utid sympathy to any women en- 
gaged in medical studies, who may desire to become 

Turning from this initial movement at home, let 
us glance at the beginnings in the foreign field. The 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Method- 
ist Ivpiscopnl Chiircli tijok the initiatory in sending to 
Asia a lady physician with a regular degree. Pre- 
vious to ' the organization of this Society, Mrs. 
Tliomas, the wife of a missionary in Bareilly, often 
spent her mornings in dispensing medicine, and felt a 
growing conviction in tlic demand for female doctors, 
and wrote to America, and i)rayed to God that one 
might be sent out. In India, she explained her views 
to Dr. Corbyii, who promised that, if she would write 
them out, he would forward tlieni to the Government. 
She heard no more of it till Sir IV'illiam and Lady 
Muir called to .see the orphanage in charge pf Mr. 
Thomas. Sir William not only entered into her ideas, 
but he olTered to have a class of girls instructed by 
his native doctor, if they were sent from the orphan- 
age. Mrs. Thomas, however, felt that nothing would 
do for this training but " a full-fledged " missionary 
lady physician; and she and Mr. Thomas went on 


WW^rmpi^^fPKF \^^ffm^f^i''V^^j''\^v$y'f^^ 

' • MiniiAL Missioss. 119 

with cnrefiil |ireparati>ry instriictiutiii in the orphan; 
a|{i-, tu fit Kii^I* to (-'"((.'r a nicilical cUhs. 

Mi-niiwhile, ut N'ytiee Till, Nuixl Kishun called 
un I)r. Iliiitiphrcy, of tlic (iciierat Stx'icty, tu bhIc hint 
tu aHHJiit him in carryinK nut a plan tur educating 
Monic native women in midwifery and the treatment 
of disca.HeH of women and childn-n. He prcnniHcd, 
from his own resourccM and from among his friends, 
tu lind half the funds, and tu apply to the (luvern. 
uient for tlie other Imlf. The application was made 
through Colonel Kmn^ey, the commissioner of Kum- 
oon, to Sir VX'illiam Mnir, the lieutenant-governor of 
the Norlh\test I'rovinee-'; hut althoU|(li favorahle, he 
met so many ohjeclions from medical men that the 
colonel withdrew it, and l)vcame personally rcsponsi- 
hle for the remaining funds. The first nicdical class 
of India, consisting of nine women, was opened on 
the first of May, \Uv.), in that heautiful hill station 
"beside the mirror-lake, beneath the sheen of the 
eternal snows," in Nynce Tal. 

After a two years' course of study, four women 
were examined before a HoaVd of three physicians, one 
of them inspector-general of hospitals for the North- 
west Provinces. To each of them the ^ard gave a 
certificate that she was " qualified to practice as a 
midwife, and also to undertake the treatment of all 
ordinary diseases." They added, inoreod'er, that her 
knowledge of medicine and surgery was "(juite 
ecjual " to that of the generality of locally-trained 
native doctors. 

" The victory was won," says Mrs. Gracey, " once 
and for all." " That certificate meant a revolution of 
ideas, plans, and practices— a blow at superstitions 



Iioary with age, and at religious systems long opposed 
to the bchevolent spirit of Christianity." 

The first lady physician to sail .'Tom the American 
shore for the heart of India was Miss Clara A. Swain, 
of Castile, N. Y., a. graduate of the Woman's Medical 


College in Philadelphia, in 1869. She was formally 
applied to, first by the Woman's Union Missionary 
Society, and subsequently by the Woman's Foreign 
Missioimry Society of the "^ Methodist Episcopal 
Church, both being in search of a well-qualified 
woman physician. "After three mouths of thought 

■ ' it ' • 

Medical Missions. \ii 

and prayer," Dr. Swain accepted the " call ;" and her- 
self a Methodist, the first application was gracefully 
withdrawn, and she was sent out by her own Church. ( 
She sailed on November 3, 1869, and arrived in Ba- ' 
reilly the 2glh of January, 1 870, 

Immediately native Christian women and girls « 
came for medicine and advice; and soon others besides 
began to arrive. In a few weeks a lirahmin of high 
standing, a deputy collector under the Government, 
and the author of an essay on " Female Education," 
which had been read at Durbar, waited on Miss Swain 
to pay his respects. He expressed great interest in a 
hospital, and promised, npt only to subscribe, but to 
assist in raising funds. After a few days came the 
little son of this gentleman, bearing his father's sa- 
laam and request for a professional visit on his wife, 
who was suffering. Accordingly, the doctor, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Thomas, called at the house, where 
they were received cordially and hospitably. "After 
.seating us, the gentleman brought his wife and intro- 
duced her, telling her to .shake hands ; then offered 
her a chair, and told her to sit down. I am told that 
this was very remarkable ; that a native gentleman 
seldom pays his*wife so much respect," says Miss 
Swain. ) The lady was richly dressed in silk, em- 
broidered with gold, with a chuddah of a fine, delicate 
texture of many colors, with a deep gold and silver 
border. She wore several rings in each ear ; a large 
gold hoop, studded with pearls and different-colored 
stones, hung from the left side of her nose, and at- 
tached to one of her ear-rings by a chain. There 
were several pretty, delicate gold 'chains around her 
neck; ten bracelets on each arm below the elbow, 

■:' h-iij-^t:-:.' 

, ■ ^,, ' ■■''(,■ ■t',:-*'*-r' . 

122 IVoM.jy's Foreign Mission aky Societv. 

and several above ; rings oir her fingers, and a very 
large one on her. right thumb, with a small looking- 
glass attached. There were three large silver rings 
on each ankle, and several silver ornaments on her 
toes. ( She was literally covered with ornaments 
"She seemed pleased," says Dr. Swain, "with the 
idea of getting well ; and both she and her husband 
promised to obey orders on diet and medicine." 

It was not long before another native gentleman 
waited on the doctor, requesting her professional 
services for his wife, who had been ill for three 
months. ) At his house the ladies were shown through 
dark passages and through a court, around which 
were cells for cows, horses, and human beings ; then 
through a second cotirt, till they found the lady lying 
in the opL-n air, on the housetop, with several serv- 
ants around her. Her mother was beside her ; and 
she at once began to weep, and to implore the lady 
doctor to cure her daughter. 

Soon after Dr. Swain's appointment to Bareilly, 
she commenced a medical class of sixteen girls, pre- 
pared by Dr. and Mrs. Tliomas in the orphanage, in 
hope of just such an opening. At the end of three 
years, an Kxamining Board of tliree doctors a^sed 
thirteen out of tlie sixteen, and certificated them for 
praatice in all ordinary diseases. "; They had been 
trained in the dispensary, beside the sick in the or- 
phanage, and in accompanying the doctor on her vis- 
its in the city and the Christian village. Great 
change — from an abandoned orphan to a medical 
practitioner I " Surely," says William Arthur, " kind 
Charity never 'did look kinder than N^heu she was 
taking in at her door, from off the highway, a shock 

. . ♦ MkOical Missions.' 123 

nf disgujitiug hair, covering a shrinking mass of child- 
ish skin and bone, and then sending forth a fair 
woman, clotlied, lettered. Christianized, and skilled — 
the starveling waif transformed into the benefactor 
of society." 

In 1872, Dr. Swain was called to twenty-six new 
zenanas, and made 543 professional visits, and pre- 
scribed at the Mission House for 1,200 patients. The 
inconvenience for clinics and the destitution of the 
poor made the nscd for a hospital very atrgent ; but a 
suitable site and necessary funds was a SL-rious prob- 
lem. A Mohanuncdau prince ownud property adjoin- 
ing the mission premises which would answer the 
purpose if it could be secured. But his highness was 
the Nawab of Ranipore, an avowed enemy of the 
gospel, who had boasted that the missionaries could 
never make their way into his city. However, M. 
Drummond, the commi-ssioner, advised the missiona- 
ries to apply direct to his fiighness for the estate, 
and ascertain tlie probabilities. As this was a memo- 
rable visit, we quote from Mrs. Thomas's account as 
published in the Northern Advocate: "Rampore is 
forty niilys from here; and the Nawab, when he heard 
we were coining, sent out twenty- four horses for us, 
so'that, at each of the six stages of tly route, we had 
fresh horses, and drove in a grand oW carriage, with 
coachman, two grooms, auf^yMfRtrider. At the last 
stage we had three cavalrymen to escort us into the 
city. As we entered the gates, the Nawab's subjects 
made low salaams, the children cried, ' Long life and 
prosperity !' etc. We were then driven to a house 
' that is kept up especially for European travelers, by 
bis highness. There we found servants in attendance, 

1 24 Woman 's Forek^n M/ss/ONA'/ty SociETr. 

and evrf-ything on the most magnificent scale for our 
entertainment. You can fancy how these poor beg- 
gars suffered, when twenty-four different dishes were 
served up for breakfast, of fish, flesh, fowl, eggs, veg- 
etables, etc. At dinner we left off counting, and eat- 
ing too, in despair. 

V " In the evening, the Nawab sent two pairs of 
horses and two carriages to take us about the city; 
but .said he could not see us that evening, as he was 
especially engajjed witli his prayers. To each other 
we expressed the devout wish that the Lord might 
direct him to grant our desires. The next morning 
we were up briglit and early, and his highness's car- 
riages and horses were again .sent for us. Brother 
and Sister Parker, Miss Swain, husband and I, took 
our seats for the eventful interview with royalty. 

" We were first taken to several palaces and gar- 
dens, and at List drew up in front of the royal resi- 
dence. We entered the gateway right in the face of a 
great cnunon. Five royal elephants made their sa- 
laams to us as we passed. We went up the steps and 
into the 'pre.sence' with .sonitf trepidation, but felt re- 
assured when his highness arose, smiled, and extended 
his hand. After making the usual salaam, he gave 
me a .seat at his right hand, in a gorgeously-em- 
broidered chair; Dr. Swain next ; then Mrs. ^Parker. 
The gentlemen came next; then his prime minister; 
then his chief magistrate. We talked a little about 
things indifferently ; prai.sed his gardens and palaces; 
conipliniL-nted him for his taste, etc., while his high- 
ness smoked his hookah, and looked more and more 
pleased. Finally, the prime minister arose and whis- 
pered something to him, to which he assented. The 

^^^ ' Medic Ai. Missions. 125 

, minister then told Mr. Thomas to make his request, 
which he did with as much shyness and blushing as a 

• school-girl. He said he wanted to procure, upon some 
terms, the estate belonging to him (the Nawab) in 

■ Bareilly, for the purpose of building a hospital for 
women. He had proceeded only so far, when his 
highness graciously smiled, and said : ' Take it ; take 
iti I give it to you with much pleasure [or the pur- 
pose." We were taken aback ; the gift came so freely 

. that there was nothing to say except to express our - 
thanks to the generous giver. All Mr. Thomas's fine 
speech and arguments, which he had been getting up 
in his best Hindoostanee for a week, were of no 
There was no occasion for them at all. I do n't know 
what the young Nawab himself thought ; but we si- 
lently thanked the Lord, and .said : ' He has given it in 
answer to prayer. We have prayed for it these many 
years, but never absolutely needed it as npw ; but now 
we have it.' The estate is worth at least $15,000. 
There are forty-two acres of land, an immense brick 
house, two fine old wells, and a garden." Some re- 
pairs on the building put it in use for a dispensary and 
a home for missionaries and their attendants, while it 
was deemed best to put up a building expressly for 
hospital services. 

The estate was given to the mission October 3, 
1871, and May 10, 1873, the dispensary was opened. 
By the close of the year, 1,600 women and children 
had received medicine there. Two of the members 
of the medical class gave valuable services in the dis- 
pensary, as well as in taking care of the indoor pa- 
tients, of whom there were sixteen during the year. 
The hospital buildings were completed and ready ior 

ij6 Woman's Foxs/gn Missionary Socibty. 

use January i, 1874, the first in all Asia for women! 
The expense of building, repairing the house already 
on the estate, making roads, setting out trees, etc., 
was $10,300, which was furnished by the Society, save 
$350 subscribed in India. Patients began to come to 
the hospital as soon as they could be accommodated, 
Hindoos, Mohammedans, and native Christians all hav- 
ing their own separate apartments. ' One use of the 
clinical room seemed rather uncommon. Native la- 
dies, arriving in their doolies or light palanquins, 
would be carried right into the room, and, with one 
curtain drawn aside, would continue lying ' in the 
doolie, and there be prescribed for. One young and 
pretty Mohammedan lady arriving in charge of her 
husband, it was found that tlie vehicle could not be 
got into the room, and there were men about. What 
was to be done? Dr. Swain tried to persuade the 
poor gentleman that an umbrella would sufficiently 
protect his wife from unwelcome eyes. Hut no ; he 
must have two; and .so defended, she effected the 

The prevailing diseases were small-pox, fevers, and 
ophthalmia; but Dr. Swain was never called to attend 
a case of small-pox; for was not that a sacred di.s- 
ease, over which medicine had no power? She was 
allowed to treat the results, however. 

\, Dr. Swaiu added to her medical work zenana visit- 
ing and Sabbath services among the women. In 1874 
the number of dispensary patients exceeded threw 
thousand, with one hundred and fifty outdoor patients ; 
and the following year the hospital patients numbered 
fifty, of whom six were high-caste Hindoos. 1 These 
brought their families with them. One brought oxen 





i iiBirHiaHiai 

(ll^r^^^^P^^^ltfaw^^jI^^^^^^ ^^""^ 





V ■'■ 

7^f^^^^ij^^:^.ry-.^j;mrr~,\:: ": .\~.">>'-'V'-;.T^:'V.;'.»r7fT.,'..i>t'-Ti«' 

MEbiCAL Missions. 

and three conveyances, with her husband, three chil- 
dren, sister, and no less than twelve servants, besides 
furniture and provisions. To the doctor, the hus- 
band was not welcome ; but the lady said that she 
could not stay without him ; " their friends would 
give them a bad name." One patient said: "May I 
not come here every year and stay awhile, even if I 
am not sick ? I like to walk out in the garden licre ; ■ 
if I walk out at home, my friends and neighbors 
think I am vvry bad." 

After having passed through an arduous season of 
epidemic, Dr. Swain found the filth year of her serv- 
ice more satisfactory than any previous one. Then 
her health broke down, and .she was forced to retreat 
to her native air. The convalescence was slow ; but 
after four years of absence, she was once more wel- 
comed — very joyfully welcomed — by old friends and 
new, back to her post again. 

Unceasing prayer was made by th&^women at 
home for a successor worthy of the work, which 
found answer in the person of I.,ucilla H. Green, of 
New Jersey. She was fully prepared by a literary 
course in Pennington Seminary, and a medical degree 
from the Woman's College in Philadeljjhia, supple- 
mented by several months' practice in tlie Hospital 
for Women and Children. Her accomplishments 
promised • a successful career at home. Her spirit 
hailed the eall to a missionary sphere. Arriving in 
Bareilly, .she found two assistants, Rebecca Gowan 
and liertha Siegler They had been brought up iu 
the orphanage. Rebecch spent two years in Dr. 
Humphrey's medical class. She was now a well-edu- 
cated, zealous young Christian, losing no opportunity 


of preaching Christ to the sufferers. She assisted in 
examining patients and preparing medicines, and took 
Dr. Green's place when absent. Bertha had been 
brought to the orphanage a waif six years old, .so 
frightened by ill-treatment that she not only screamed 
at who had to deal with her, but bit them. 
Tamed, trained, converted, she was now a keen, bright 
student, writing prescriptions so well that Dr. Green 
did not hesitate, when absent, to leave her register- 
book in her hand. 

The doctor gives a full and lively description of 
her visitors at the di.spensary on a single morning. 
On entering, she receives the salutation of the assist- 
ants, and of several women seated on the floor. Clean 
white clothes and bright faces tell her that tliese are 
native Christians. Ne.Kt conies the wife of a rich mer- 
chant, in costly array, and .she retreats to her carriage 
with great precaution against male eyes. A Moham- 
medan woman, with a kindly, tru.sty face, follows. A 
mother brings two puny children, and holds a branch 
to prevent Miss Dr. Sahiba from putting any " evil 
spiri* into them." The spirit she would like to put 
in is eggs and milk and meat; but animal food she 
must not name. Then a low-caste creature wonders 
if the like of her will ever be attended to, and goes 
away happy. Another woman wants to see if the 
doctor knows anything, and the two have a trial of 
their wits. One ragged woman, with "superfluous 
dirt," lias " the usual " dozen bracelets on each arm 
and five rings in each ear. The clinging of anklets 
and the nistle of ricl^^ dress announce two ladies from 
a zenana visited every week. A sweet, gentle woman 
is a native Christian, and " a jewel indeed." "You 


Mbdicai. Missions. 131 

would feel," says Dr. Green, " like putting your arms 
around her, and calling her sister." A Mohammedan 
gentleman brings his wife and children. She will 
not take a seat while her lord stands, nor will .she 
speak in his presence. When he turns his back, slie 
does so, and very willingly. 

In sixteen i;ionths. Dr. Green prescribed for 2,,i2a 
dispensary patients, dispensed over 6,o(K) prescriptions 
and had twenty-six patients in hospital, many of them 
high-caste women, who would never have visited the 
general (iispensary, choosing rather to suffer in si- 
lence, or be delivered over to the " charms" of super- 
stition and ignorant " hakuuis " (native doctors). 
During the year 1877 she married Rev. Mr. Cheney, 
a missionary of the General Society, and removed to 
Nynee Tal, where she laid broad plans for work. 
She was suddenly seized with cholera, and in forty- 
eight hours — on the last day of September, 1.S78— her 
body was laid to rest in the beautiful mountain cem- 
etery, and friends there and liere were overwhelmed 
with sorrow. Thus, in the same place wliere had as- 
iembled the first class in India for female medical 
missionary students, in less than ten years was dug 
the first grave of a lady physician. "And all down 
the winding vale of time will these two reminiscences 
flow along, like two noiseless silver rills, side by side 
with the pathway of the Mis.sionary Church of Nynee 
Tal." After the removal of Dr. Cheney to Nynee Tal, 
Dr. Julia Lore McGrew t«ok charge of the medical 
work at Rareilly. It was a most trying time. She 
had to contend with f^ood, famine, and pestilence; but 
continued in charge until 1880, carrying on the work, 
most successfully. 

ija Woman's Foreics Missionary Society. 

( Dr. Swain had now returned invigorated in health, 
and carried on tlie work, which conliiiu<.d to grow in 
interest and importance, until, in i«>>4, she reported 
over 7,ofx> patients treated, nearly i6,<xxd prescriptions 
given out, besides seventy-six patients in hospital, and 
visits to 352 out-patients. In Kelirunry of that year, 
a native gentleman — secretary to his highness the 
Rajah of Khetri (Rajpootani)— called on Dr. Swain, 
and asked if she would visit the RAni (wife of his 
highness 1, if she should be officially sent for. He had 
previously called on several other lady physicians, 
and had learned of their ability and success, and would 
take the report to the Rajah. [ The doctor replied, if 
sent for, she could arrange to spend a month with the 
Rani, if desired. About the first of March the secre- 
tary telegraphed her to be ready to leave for Khetri in 
ten days. On the ninth day he arrived to escort her 
thither, telling her to take an English nurse, her cook, 
and any otlier servants necessary to her comfort, not 
regarding the expense. ' As there were no Iinglish 
or Eurojjeans nearer than the railway station, seventy- 
two miles away, she felt justified in adding a native 
Christian teacher and a young lady friend as compan- 
ion. Thus the party was made up of seven persons 
besides the escort. Klaborate arrangements were 
made at the end of the railway journey for transporta- 
tion across the coinitry, which proved to be a very 
novel and enjoyable, tliougli very tiresome and slow, 
journey. P^irst, there was a camel chariot, drawn by 
four camels; two palanquins, carried by seventeen 
men each; two riding-horses; and, a few miles out^ 
two large elephants joined the caravan ; also, a very 
unique conveyance, called a mt/i, dra\vn by two beau- 

Mkpic.m. Missions. 13a 

tiful white oxen, for the two native women. Over 
one hundred men servants were also placed at 
her command. Hut ntilk-andsugar was frequently 
brought by the men for refreshment as they stopped 
to rest, changing from one conveyance to another. 
In due time Khetri was reached, and a tent was pro- 
vided to live in. After about two weeks' treatment, 
and the Rdni .showed signs of improvement, his high- 
ness proposed to the doctor to remain as physician to 
the women of the palace, and open a dispensary for 
the women and children of the city and surrounding 
country. This was very unexpected, and required 
much thought and prayer before a decision could be 
reached to leave the work in Uareilly, and the Society 
that had cared for her .so many years; but each day, 
as she became more aciiuaintcd witli the people, and 
saw the great opening for mission work — a field com- 
prising millions of people, with no missionary or re- 
ligious teacher in that part of the country — Vsx. Swain 
says she began to see the hand of the Lord in bring- 
ing her there ; an<I the more she prayed, the more she 
saw that the Lord was in it. Tiie Rdjpoots are very 
religions Hindoos, and would never call a' missionary, 
or allow one to preach in the street.s or bazaars; but 
Dr. Swain goes among the people in her quiet, unob- 
trusive way, doing good to tlieir bodie.s, and praying 
God to bless their souls. She immediately interested 
herself in the children, and obtained cheerful consent 
to open a school, his using his influence to 
induce the peoi)le to send tlieir daughters, encouraging 
their .ittendance by giving them as much flour as they 
could obtain with a da^'s wages. The young lady 
companion was engaged to teach the Rdni and 

134 Woman's Forbign Missionaky Soc/srr. 

some of her court women. Christian hymns in the 
Hindi language soon became very popular, and the 
singing women of the palace were found singing them 
to her highness every evening. The Rajah's little 
girl — an only child, then two and a half years old — 
learned parts of several hymns, and sang them very 
sweetly. The Rdni acknowledged their purity, and 
liktd them much better than their own vile songs. 
But not only was the Christian religion sung to every 
woman in the palace, but sometimes before his high- 
ness also.. Many prayers of the women at home have 
followed this |)ioneer phyijician, that she may be per- 
mitted to establish Chri.stianity in the midst of heathen 
royalty. After .serving the Society efficiently for fif- 
teen years, fehe has now been engaged for eleven years 
as physician in the palace of the Rajah of Khetri. 

Dr. Mary F. Cliristiancy, of Washington. I). C, 
who was .sent to India in 18H4, and appointed to 
Cawnpore, was transferred in a few months tp Ha- 
reilly to succeed Dr. Swain. Statistics are a poor 
expression of the work accomplished or the labor 
performed ; but it is interesting to note that over 
6,700 dispensary patients were treated her first year, 
including Hindoos, Mohammedans, Christians, and 
IJuropeans. In hospital ovj;r one hundred patients 
were treated. She had three' a.ssistants in the work. 
A class was formed in midwifery in 1887, and a reg- 
ular medical class was also resumed. During the 
year 1888 over 12,000 names were recorded in the 
dispensary books, and over 21,000 prescriptions 
given, notwithstanding the Government hospitals 
and dispensaries for women that had been established 
in the city, near and easy of access to crowds. More 

Medic. M. Missions. 135 

and more it became apparent that the mission of 
these Cliristian physicians was to the poor who 
needed them so mncli. Women came to the dispen- 
sary sometimes, saying, " I have been walking since 
long liefore dayliglit to come to you for medicine;"- 
or, " Having heard of you, I came twenty, thirty, 
forty, or fifty miles, to show yon my childand get some 
medicine for him. " What an inestimable boon an 
itinerant medical service would prove to such women ! 
A sentiment has (Obtained in some directions that 
non-Christian hospitals should be established for 
women, because the people are afraid of missionaries. 
To this Dr. Christiancy enters a protest, that after 
several years' acquaintance with the people in North 
India, in the z.eiianas, in villages, on the railway, or 
as patients in the hospital, and as habitual or occa- 
sional visitors to the dispensary, she never found 
OIK- afraid of the medical missionary because of her 
religion. Because of failing health. Dr. Christiancy 
returned hcime in 1890. The \ew York Branch fur- 
nished a missionary to hold tliis medica4 fort, in the 
person of Dr. Mary Bryan, wlio reached Bareilly in 
1S91. an.l is still there, and has won a place for her- 
self in the hearts of the people. Too often the weak 
point in medical work has been in the custom of 
pTacing the doctors too far apart. The physician 
> wtMt often send away patients in need of surgical 
treatment, because she has no due to help her per- 
form the required operation. To meet such an exi- 
gency the Society .sent out Dr. Kate McGregor in 
1893. She had graduated from the Woman's Medical 
College at Chicago, and afterward served six months 
as interne in Wesley Hospital, then took a post- 

136 Woman's Fokk/gx Missionaky Soc/ety. 

graduate course in the Chic.iKO Polyclinic. Dr. Bryan 
greatly rejoiced in a, division of lalmr with her new 
associate ; but for several in(>nths Dr. McGregor's 
work consisted in carinj; for two of the mi.ssionaries 
of the Society through a severe and well-nigh fatal 
illness with typhoid fever, doubtless saving the life 
of Miss Fannie Knglish through her careful nursing. 
Early in 1895 her own health demanded a change, 
and she was transferred to the hills, in Pauri ; but 
the missionaries soon faced the problem, that in or- 
der to save her life she must hasten home. Sorrow- 
fully and in much disappointment she acquiesced in 
their decision, and reached home in the early sum- 
mer. Dr. Bryan is strongly convicted of the great 
need of some one going out among the poor people 
in the villages round about, to the sick and helpless, 
especially to those who are Christians, and are driven 
to sacrifice to idols, saying : " What can we do with 
a sick child? We have no doctor, no medicine, no 
help." Miss Jennie M. Dart, M. D., who took her 
degree at the Chicago Woman's College, was accepted 
by the Society in 1894, and the following summer 
appointed to Bareilly to take the place made vacant 
by Dr. McGregor. 

Among some of the results of woman's medical 
work, the following is taken from a remarkable pa- 
per read by Mrs. J. T. Gracey at the Women's Con- 
gress of Missions, held during the Columbian Expo- 
sition in Chicago, 1893: 

" In the early history of the Methodist Mission 
in India, a little waif of a girl was picked up and 
taken to the Girls' Orphanage in Bareilly. The sup- 
port of the child was assumed by parties in New 

Medical Missions. 137 

York City. With proper care she doK'eloped phys- 
ically, and was put. in school, became a bright stu- 
dent, and, having finished the prescribed course, was 
selected as one to enter the Agra school as a medical 
student. She graduated at the head of her class, and 
was .so proficient that her was noticed by the 
India secular papers. She has been .selected to take 
cha/ge of the Wonvan's Department of a Government 
hospital, and has now been in charge two years, and 
the English surgeon, inspecting her work, acknowl- 
edged that her hospital was one of the best con- 
ducted in North India. Could the most sanguine 
have imagined that in twenty-five years there should 
be such a revolution in sentiment, that a native 
Christian woman should occupy such a position !" 

Lt'CKNOW. — Dr. Nancie Monelle was the second 
physician sent out by the Society, and Lucknow was 
the second city in India occupied by a woman med- 
ical missionary, at leas't of the Methodist Church: 
She had graduated from the Woman's College in 
Poughkeep-sie, and in 1872 from the Woman's Medical 
College in New York, taking first prize in .surgery. 
After a year of hospital and private practice in New 
York, she was sent to India in 1873, and appointed 
to Lucknow. Her profession opened the way into 
houses which had never been entered by a Christian. 
At the end of the first year she accepted an invita- 
tion to Hyderabad, Deccan, having withdrawn from 
the Mission, aud refunded her passage and outfit 
nioney. She was the first lady doctor who ever went 
out alone into a native State. The ruler of the 
province furnished elephants, a regiment of sepoys, 



1 38 Woman 's Fojhi/i;n Missioy. i* )' Society. 

and a hand of music to uscort her to tlic palaces of 
the various nohlcnien of the city. At the expiration 
of three years, having estahlislicd a dispensary and 
hospital, and treated over 40,(xk) patients, besides 
haviiiK an important private practice among the 
nawabs and nobles, slie married Rev. Dr. Henry 

Man.sell, of 
the' Oencral 
Society, and 
returned with 
him to the 
Northwest . 
I'mvinces. In 
iSSo they re- 
moved to 
xvhere .she 
treated in two 
years over 21,- 
(XX) women. 
cra epidemic, 
which lasted 
about three 
weeks, thirty 

MkS, NA.Ntll! MONI'.LI.K MANbi;LL, M, I>. 

to one hundred dying daily. Dr. Mansell took charge 
of the dispensary with native assistants, and was so 
successful that the municipality sent her Rs. 200 
($100) for the purchase of medicine, thus, recogniz- 
ing the importance of the work done at the Amer- 
ican Zenana Di.spen.sary. The year 1890 will be 
memorable for the great agitation regarding baby 


Medical Missions. 139 

tnarriaKes. Such revelations of inhumanity had 
been brought to linht that Dr. Miiiisell drew up a 
petition, which was cheerfully sijjiied by fifty-five 
women physicians, and was presented to the Viceroy 
and Governor-General, pleading that the marriage- 
able n^e of girls be raised to fourteen years. The 
thirteen instances— only a fewout of many hundreds — 
given in the petition, of cruel wrongs, deaths, and 
niaimings for life received by helpless child-wives at 
tlu.' hands of brutal husbands, which had come un- 
der her personal observation or that of her associ- 
ates, were horrible almost beyond belief. While the 
Government was flooded with petitions and memo- 
rials from native Christians, Hindoo women, and 
missionaries, it is stated that nearly all the speakers 
in the Legislative Council referred to the facts pre- 
sented in this memorial, whicli had great influence 
in bringing about the change of raising the age to 
twelve years (not fourteen, as asked), "possibly the 
most important step taken in the domestic and social 
life of the people since the abolishment of suttee, 
in 1829." 

MoRADAB.\D. — Mrs. E. W. Parker for twenty 
years prepared the way of a woman physician in the 
city of Moradabad by successful practice of her own. 
She had distributed medicines in the city, in the vil- 
lages, on the roadsides. She had visited the sick. 
She had spent days in personally attending those 
stricken with fever and cholera. Two native med- 
ical Hible women assisted her; Shullock, trained in 
the original class at Nynee Tal, and Jane Plummer, 
trained in Dr. Swiin's class at Bareilly. But Mrs. 


RirkcT longed for a woman physicinii. At last, in 
January, it*?!), "ihi-' was able to welcome Dr. Julia 
L')re, tlic (laughter of luissioiiary parents, herself 
born in South America. She t<H)k her degree in the 
Michigan University, in if<73, and the«^spent a year 
in Boston at the New Lviigland Hfls^iwiK Dr. Lore, 
in addition to house and /enana practice, aimed at a 
dispensary. She succeeded in obtaining one. Ap- 
parently she expected the orderly array of mortars, 
glasses, and books, to produce an effect. Hut, after 
spending a morning or two waiting in vain for a pa- 
tient, she iiegan to reflect that such attractions were 
not potent with " tfte feminine mind of Moradabad." 
I'inally, on t[ie sevcntli day, appeared an old nurse 
with a boy and girl, and she joyf\illy made patients 
of the whole party. The first entry in her prescrip- 
tion book was castile soap, " which," she said, " was 
a most excellent remedy for many Indian ill.s." 
From that day there was a steady increase in her 
practice, both in the dispensary and in zenanas. 
Called suddenly to a woman of sixty, whom she found 
emaciated and dying with chronic dysentery, Dr. Lore 
had a hope of saving her life, seeing how complete 
had been the absence of anything like rational treat- 
ment. Hut the old woman would not risk her caste. 
Not one drop of licpiid from impure hands should 
pass her lips. A single pill did she accept, but never 
another. Three days after she had been burned on 
the river's brink. Dr. Lore and Mrs. Parker found her 
three daughters-in-law sitting on the floor, and they 
did not rise. For this they apologized, saying that 
custom required them, on the death of the mother of 
tUeir husbands, to pass six months of mourning, eat- 


MbdicaJ- AfisstoNS. 141 

\n% only at niffht, sittiiiK on the floor from daylight 
to dark, nnd doing notliinK. The youngest was a girl 
with a "wee" lial>y in her oruift. Tliey had alt been 
ot the fnneral, had bathed in their dresses, and taken 
a lonn walk lionic. "and made themselves miserable." 
The eldest, under her breath, confessed that it was a 
bad custom. 

In i«75. Dr. Lore was married to Rev. (V H. Mc- 
Grew, of the (leui-ral Society, but couliiined her prac- 
tice as usual. About this time a K''a'iti"-a'd from 
the Government was received for the dispensary, nnd 
a new dispensary was opened at Chandausi, thirty 
miles away. Kroni this time on the medical work 
seems to have had ratlur a checkered career, some- 
times a thoroughly ei|uil»ped woman from America 
in charne, but the interim ahva\s faithfully supplied 
by the iiativo Bible woman and medical a.ssistant, 
Jane I'lummer supplenieiitinK what Mrs. Gracey 
calls the " lay medical work " of Mrs. Parker. In 
1H78, Miss H. H. Woolslon, M. I)., a graduate from 
Philadelphia, arrived, and entered at once upon her 
duties, attending nu)rning clinics i^nd recording in 
the dispensary books during the first eleven months 
1 ,468 patients, 5,086 jircsCriptions, besides 30.1 pa- 
tients in their homes, and 600 prescriptions to out- 
patients. The following year Dr. Woolston retired 
from the work of the Society, and again Mrs. Parker 
superintended the work, with Jane I'lummer in the 
dispensary. Dr. Kate McDowell was ai)poiiUed here 
in 1886, and spent sonic weeks in Pooua, attending 
the Rdni* there, >lie who sent the message to the 
Queen of ICngland wiiich led to the inauguration of 
the Lady Dufierin movement for providing medical 


14a Woman's Foke/cn MtssioNARy Soc/nry. 

aid for the women of India. Dr. McDowell was trans- 
ferred to Miittra in iMS<), and opi'nid a dispi-nsary, 
.which gave great promise of success, in the center of 
^the city, directly under'the shadow of the great tem- 
ple. Her fears were groundless about difTiculty of 
access to the women ; for they scarcely gave lier time 
to get settled before crowding into her office and 
waiting-room, coming from all parts of the district. 
In 18H8 Dr. Martha A. Sheldon was appointed to 
Moradabad, and while sttulying the language looked 
after the sick in Mrii. Parker's boarding school of 150 
girls, an<l Dr. Parker's .school for boys numbering 
IJ5, superintended a zenana district, and answered 
numerous calls. In i«9J she was transferred to 
Pithoragarh, and in 1.H93 assisted in opening new 
work among the Bhotiyas, at Darclnila. 

About the year iHH« a building wa.s pureliased in 
Moradabad for a hospital, and the following* year 
nearly 7,000 i)atients received treatment in hospital 
and dispensary. Down to 1^94 tlie medical work was 
supported by the ^\'o^laI^^ Society. But the new 
conditions, owing to the DufTtrin movement, relea.sed 
the Society from the necessity that had existed, and 
Jane Plunimerwas free to engage exclu.sively in evan- 
gelistic work. 

Cawnporh.— In October, 1893, '^r. Laura Hyde 
was sent out by the New York Branch, and com- 
menced work in the city of Cawnpore. In April she 
^became ill with typhoitl fever; soon after went to the 
mountains, and never resumed work. 

B.\KODA.— Dr. Irzilla ICrnsbcrger, a graduate of 
the Woman's College in Chicago, was appointed iu 


Mkdicai. Missions. 143 

1888 to liarodn, the cnpital of the native wState of the 
Name n.iiiie, and 11 walli-<l city of ntioiit one liundred 
thousand inhabitants. The first year .vXoo patients 
were treati-d, and over ,iv> '■•alhi were made on pa- 
tients in I heir homes. Slic liail considc'ral)le difhcnlty 
in K*'''''"K Christian teachers that knew tlie laiiguaK*:: 
but wlicn she succeeded, the->\'onien hstened atten- 
tively, and related intellinently what tliey heard to 
the zenana women in tlic homes opeiieil lo them by 
the medical work. The second year she opened an- 
other dispensary, kecpinR the one in the city open 
four days in the week. an<l the one in camp .some 
hours each day 0\er fifty signers were c)l)taiiied for 
the petition to protect the child wife. The third year 
6,800 patients received treatment. 

The great siucess attending the " Lady Dufferin 
movement" has raised the (|iiesti<)ii of siistainiiiR 
medical niissions in India, ami we have asked I>r. 
Krnsberger to answer it, which she does in the fol- 
lowing : 

"This form of mission work," referring to niedi- 
ical mi.ssioiis, "dues much to overcome caste preju- 
dice. In the dispensary at Ilaroda, except when one 
was dangerously ill, the iiatienls had lo wait their 
turn for uiediciiie, regardless of ca.ste. For several 
years some of the high-caste submitted to this very 
unwillingly ; but in time the different castes learned 
to have much more regard aii<l kindly feeling for each 
otl^r. The iiati\e Cliristi.iii Bible women, because 
thel are Christians, are, of course, out-ca.stes and de- 
spisai by the Hindoos. But through their work in 
the' (lispeti.sary and ac<|uaintance with the patients, 
nvmbers of Hindoo women, some of whom were very 

144 tVl).V4/v'S FOKKIGN Af/ss/flfifAJiy Spcibty. 

highcaste, became friendly, some even taking the 
Bible women by the hand in frien<l.ihip and affection, 
and bringing Hhem prewntii. The native ChriHtian 
women are welcomed in home^ where they cony not 
go except with the medical niisHionary. I, also, he- 
ing a person of no caste, ordinarily can not touch 
their food or drink, any more than an ont-caste, yet 
in HickneNH many times the relatives have asked me 
to mix (with water) the first dose of 'nie«licine, and 
give it to the patient myself. Uar>;e numbers who 
dare not or will not admit any one to their homes to 
teach the Hible, hear it carefully explained in the dis- 
pensary. Some have thought that the principal work 
of a medical mission is to open the way for other mis- 
sionaries ; but in the di.spensary there is much careful 
religious instruction given, as in our own work at 
Baroda, and patients had to wait one, two, and some- 
times even three hours, until their medicine was 
prepared, as there were generally from forty to sixty- 
five patients treated daily, and during the waiting no 
idle conversation was allowed, but the Bible woman 
alternately read and explained the Bible. People from 
great distances were reached where there were no 
missionaries. Tracts and Bible portions were given 
to the patients, and we learned of dilTerent 
where a whole coniniui\ity heard the gospel from one 
Bible portion thus distributed. 

"About fifty years ago, when some niis.sionaries 
went to Barrxia, they were not welcomed by .some of 
the officers of the native Government, and left the 
field. Among our patients were the native Queen 
and her si.ster, the daughter and daughter-in-law of 
the Prime Minister, the daughter of the Chief Justice, 

"^Pf.-f R !«!Pf ^JPSP"??^^?^ i"vsrv7^ii^iii^s<rm:-'r s, -"^-ic^,"^-*^ 

Mkdicai. Mtssios's. 145 

■nit othfM from fninilics of IiIkI) iifTuvrs. Wc have 
never lieiinl 11 wonl iVoiii any luithority we wcro 
not wcU'onic, but liavi' Imd 'far iiiori- work tlian wc 
could do. CoiisideriiiK tlic miiiilK'r of pi-rsoiis rccciv- 
iiiK larifiil Hit)lc iiistrui-tion. the I'xpciise of thi- work 
is small. Tlif iiuilical work amoii^; the native Clirin- 
tians is a hfticfit to tlieni rdiKiously ns wi-ll as phyn- 
ii-ally, as many of tlicni liavc more 01 kssof fatalistic 
ideas, and the medical work does much to overcome 
these. The confidence hetwecn the patient and the 
oliysician uives the meilical missionary a j;""'' '>1> 
|«)rtiinity ^) reach the soul, ami in Kcueral medical 
mission work is an excellent wa\ to ^aiii the cnnii 
deuce of the people. 

" In regard to the I,iid\ DiilTeriii medical work, it 
is Hood as tar as it Koes , Imt it iloes not ^;o far enough 
to take the place of the medical missions. The A/iJ- 
iial A/issioiiiiry Record says in regard to it ; ' The 
Krcat pity is that «" f;"^/'''^ effort is allowed tn this 
movement. L'hrist alwa\s cared for both hcxly anul 
.soul." Hesides, there are multitudes of people in India 
not reached by this or any other medical work. In Ha 
roda even, which is in a native State, there are schools 
for both liiKli and low caste boys, and schools are in- 
creasing for K'r's, even schools for widows, supported 
by the native Government. These are without Cliris- 
tian teaching, and we feel that we should have* Chris- 
tian schools. In the siime way, because there is some 
medical help proviiled for the people of India, we 
can not afford to neglect the medical mission work, 
and so lose the o])p<)rtuiiity so full of promise of 
reaching them with the gospel. There are inan\ chil- 
dren not allowed to attend the Chri.stian school who 


Jf^^'W^Wi^f^W'- 'W^- 

146 WihfAN's Foreign lifissioNMiy SociKTr. ' 

hear the Hihlc in the disiK-iisary. ChriHtian AchcMilit 
are increasing all the 'time in India, and they shonld 
increase more still; lint while we are increasiuK these 
\vc should also he improving the vast o|>j)i>rtunity for 
reaching the souls of the [K'ople with the gospel 
thnrngh medical missions. 

"Clirist's connnand to his disciples wa.t thifi: 
' Into whats«iever city yo enter, heal the sick that arc 
therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of (.)o<l is 
come ni^h unto you.' (I<nke x, H, 9.)" 

After a peridid of well-earned rest in the home- 
land, Dr. ICrnsher^er sailed, August lo, iHy^, for 
India, under appointment to a new station, Sironcha, 
near Hastar, and Dr. liinnia Hodge sailed at the sftmc 
time for liarodu. 

J5fT"^'Tf*"FsT W-T , ,-!)jI»-!jr-.^;. I'fJ,- ■■•■,■■"-> *-TV,.^ 



">lf Ihe iiiiMsioniiriis ivir loiiu iiilii tin- Cliiiirsr lifiirt, 
*tlU' |>liyiiiciail» will iipt ii lljc ilour " I.i llr.Nc; CiianC. 

"'T'IIJC Cliiiiisi.- have little ktiowlwlne uf nnntoiiiy, 
1 i)liysi(»liij;y, or liyi^itiK-, and do iiiit jiracticf siir- 
Kfry ; l>llt foiii thousand years of cxjHTiiiKe liavf 
Riven thi'in sdihc just ideas conecrniiiK the uses of 
licrhs in medicine," writes Miss Fielde, of Swntow. 
Cliintse women, as well as the women of India, will 
suffer and die before tliey will call in the lielj) of a 
foreign male |)liysici,in; hence all the considerations 
that render the help of women physicians in India a 
necessity, apply with eipinl force in the ^''^''''t Chinese 
Empire. The safe estahlisliment of Hr. Swain's work 
in India was being watched in I'oochow, and Mrs. 
S I,. lialdwin, with the hope that such a work could 
he commenced in China, presented the matter to the 
missionaries the latter part of 1.S72, or early in 187.^, 
and they' authofized her to write home .isking the So- 
ciety to send them a medical lady, but ropiested that 
one of the honicop.iihic school be sent. This condi- 
tion caused .some delay, and in the meanwhile the mi.s- 
sionaries in Peking had also forwarded an application 
without such condition, and Dr. Lucinda Coombs, a 
graduate of the Woman's Medical College in Phila- 
delphia, was sent out, reaching; Pekinj; in September, 
1873. Her work was to be exptrimeutal. No one 


148 WoMAS 's I'oKnio .V Afis.sioN.tKy Socihir. 

had pioneered the way before her. Just how the Chi- 
nese would feel toward 11 liidy pliyHicinii waH not 
known ; but surely the field was ripe for the hiirvest. 
To a thinking people like the Chinese, the daily per- 
forniaiHe of labors of love aniouK them by n lady 
physician must contribute to that which is so much 
desired, the spread of Christianity. 

At »ince Dr. Coombs s;iw the imperative necessity 
for a hos|>ital to sei)arate the patients from their 
homes, and the Woman's Sociity mneronsly nnide 
appropriation for it, and in 1S75, two years after her 
arriv.'d, she opened the first hospital for women in 
China. The first patient received after the biiildiuK 
was done was a native Christian woman, who had fallen 
and injured her fool liadly. When she left, it was with 
gratitude from herself, her husband, and her son, and 
prayerijfor the blessing of (>od upon Dr. Coombs and 
the hospital. The jiractice of medicine among chil- 
dren in China is utterly hojKless unless one is able 
to keep the patient under hi.\ own eye. Dr. CoonJ)S 
tells an amusing case where she had prescribed a «lose 
of castor-oil. The next day the child and the oil were 
both brought by the father, who said she declined to 
drink it. To the evident surjirise of the man, the 
doctor .seized the child, and by the time she had ut- 
tered three screams, had compelled her to swallow 
the dose. Hut no parent would ever do such a thing. 
Had not the great Confucius taught, "fiovern a child 
when he is eight years old.'" One can easily imagine 
the (larent's influence who observed that teaching. 
After nearly five years of efficient i>ioneering in 
medical work, Dr. Coonibs was niarriid to Rev- 
A. Strittniater, of the General Missionary Society, and 


Mkvicm Missh>\s, ClIiN.i. ijg 

rcniovol to Kill kjiiiii,! Tlini- iiinntlis iirtvioiis to 
her niitrriiiKt' "I'e wiis jdiiii^ l)y l>r. I.eoiiorii lliiward, 
who had Krodiiiittil in (he lIiiivtrKity of MicliiKnii in 
1H76, aixl rcachiil IVkiiiK in Juiif, 1H77 She ininie- 
(lintely tifok cliiir^te of tlu- Imspitul. ami roiiiiiiciict'd at 
once her practice and the stiuly of tlie lanxnaKe. In 
the diwhurge of lier profo.sinnal dntus, M)nielim«* 
riding in a Kprin^lehN Cliinesc cnrt, nhe, at one time, 
niel with an accident through the careles«iness r)f the 
driver that llireatcned her with Idiiuhuss Afternionlhu 
of pain and daikness, when lier >iKlil was restored, 
she made known lier determination to have a liorse to 
ride. Her friend* protested, fearing hIic wonld meet 
insult and danner; but when lier home friends sent 
her the money the horse was bon^ht. At first the 
novel sinht was j;rtiti(l liy cliililnii in the street shont- 
ing, "See the foreign devil riilitiK n horse;" lint after 
a little, as they heKiin to recoKiii^e her, their cry was 
cliantjed to " There jjoes the ^ood angel ; she is K"'l'K 
to sii- till- sick " We may not (oilow her as she stood 
braveh at lier po^t, sniiie of the time sinnle-handed, 
dnrinK the awful famine months and the jiestilence 
that followed, with the and dying lyiii}? on the 
streets just where they happened to fall. Kvents 
soon awaite<l her that wonld distingnish her above all 
<itlur won. ell physicians. In the fall of 1K7S medical 
work in IVkiiig \ as lemporaril\ siis|)eiided to meet a 
providential opening in another field. 

TiKNTSlN.- -Lady Li, wife of the Viceroy, Li Hung 
•Chang, the leading statesman oi the Mnipire, was seri- 
ously ill ; the arts <if the native pli) sicians were cx- 
bau.sted in vain, and her life was despaired of. A 



iniHitioiiury phytician of the I.oiulnu MisNioiiary 80-' 
ck'ty wKN ciillcil, mid siuTii'ilcd ill plnciiiK la-r iK-ymici 
iniiiit'diatt' dmiKi'r , liiit, tii-iiiK a iiiati, CIiiikhi' itucial 
idras tvoiild' ixit permit the iii'CVHMry trcatniciit to 
effect a complete cure. Some one KiiKKt^^t^-d the name 
of Dr. Howard at IVkiiiK Tlirou^h the nnuHiial of- 
feetion ot llijs ^reat >tiitesmnii lor his wile, and \>kx- 
hapN hiH lavoialile disptisiticm toward We-tterii science, 
ei|iially MraiiKe, a hiK-cial courier wa^t sent by the 
Viceroy to re(|uest her to come— a reiiiieist in which 
liotli tlic phy^iciaiiH, there and the I'nitcd State** Vic?- 
CoiiMil united. A Nteaiii l;miich wan Milt up the river to 
meet lier and hasten her journey. Slie came, expect- 
iiiK to remain but a lew dayii. Kntertainmeiit was 
provided for lier at the yamen, or official residence. 
Gradually the ailment of La<ly I,i yielded to her rcni- 
eilies. She was called to attend the families of other 
hij-li officials, and a slroiiK effort w:\s nrade for her 
removal to Tientsin. This was an opportunity such 
as had never (Kcurred before in China, rind if lost 
miKlit never occur a^ain. The constiisus of opinion 
anions the missionaries of the (ieiieral Society, as well 
as those of the Woman's Society, sireuKtheued her 
own ilecision, that this was surely the hand of Provi- 
dence, and she ou^ht to accept the call. The Viceroy 
had taken a heathen temple, built in memory of his pre- 
decessors, and placed it in charge of IJr. Mackenzie, 
of the Louiloii Missionary Society, for a hospital to 
be devoted to distinctively Christian work. In Rrati- 
tude for her restoration to health. Lady Li undertook 
to defray the expenses of a woman's ward in the tem- 
ple under the directior of Dr. Howard, for whom she 
bad couceived a strong personal attachment. Tientsin 

Medical Missions, China. 151 

is 'distant from Pekinjj about 80 miles by land, or 120 
by water. It is the v;rcat emporium for the north of 
China, and serves'as the port for the Capital City. Dr. 
Howard took up 'her residence in the foreign settle- 
ment, about three miles from the temple, and opened 
a dispensary there also. She was called to visit the 
mother of Li Hung Chang, some distance away, in her 
last illness. She was an aged woman, past eighty 
years of age. Before dying, she gave the doctiir some 
beautiful presents of silk, and left $1,000 for her work, 
the..first beiiuest of a Chinese woman for Christian 
benevolence. A very earnest call was made for money 
to build a hospital and dispensary, besides a home for 
mis.sionaries, at Tientsin, which found a ready re- in the heart of a lady in Baltimore, who do- 
nated $5,000 for the, with the understanding 
that the building should be known as the the " Isa- 1' 
bella Fisher ilospital." \ 

In 18H2, Dr. Ivstella Akers, a graduate of the Chi- 
cago Woman's College, was sent to the relief of Ur. 
Howard. She was diligent in the study of the lan- 
guage, assisted in the hospital, and made country 
trips with Miss Yates. On one of these she re- 
mained thirteen hours in the saddle. After the mar- 
riage of Dr. Howard, in 1884, to Dr. A. M. King, of 
the London Mission, Dr. Akers carried on the work 
in the " Isabella Fisher Hospital." In 1885 Dr. 
Akers became Mrs. Perkins, but rendered faithful 
service another year. The Woman's Society sent 
out Dr. Anna Gloss in September, 1885, she having 
taken her degree in the Chicago Woman's College the 
preceding April. She fully determined, on her ar- 
rival, to give herself entirely' to the study of the Ian- 


i5i Woman's FoKEicN MissJONARV Society. 

guage ; but, as wjth many another, broke her inten- 
tions, and saw patients daily. A brief record would 
read : 1886, " Excellent healtb, enjoy my work;" 1887, 
" Several instances of house-patients becoming Chris- 
tians;" 1888, "A pressing need for another doctor in 
Tientsin;" 1889, "Called to an inland city;" 1890, 
"Hospital patients, self-supporting, opened a third 
dispensary." Then Dr. Gloss returned home, and 
spent half of the three years' absence in professional 
study, going back in 1893 with increased qualifica- 
tions, and to Peking instead of Tientsin. Miss Anna 
E. Steere, a trained nurse, was sent to Peking in 
1888. Among her many duties she counts it a mourn- 
ful pleasure to have cared for Dr. Leander Pilcher, 
president of Peking University, in his last illnes.s. 
In 1887 Dr. Gloss wrote: "The new hospital, built 
in the neighborhood of ours by Lady Li for Dr. 
Howard-King, is now completed, and will doubtless 
be opened this autumn. The last vestige of this 
lady's patronage departed when Mrs. King .sent for 
the pUro (sign-board) which had been presented by 
Lady Li at the opening of the ' Isabella Fisher Hos- 
pital.' Of course most of the official patronage goes 
with Mrs. King ; but there is plenty of work among 
the poorer Lady Li's interest has always 
been personal, and has never been transferred in the 
least degree to the mi.ssion, or to Mrs. King's suc- 
ces.sors. Her influence was doubtless of great impor- 
tance when the work was first started, but we have 
plenty of work to-day without it." 
y Dr. Ida Stevenson took her degree in the 
Woman's College in Chicago in April, 1890, and 
then spent some time in Wesley Hospital in that 

Mbdicai. AftssroNs, China. 153 

city, from wliitli she went under appointment to 
Tientsin to relieve "Dr. Gloss. The Phila(lel])hia 
Branch also added L)r. Rachel K. Benn the same year 
to strengthen the work, which reported a city clinic 
twice a w<;ek, a daily clinic at the hospital dispen- 
sary, the ward treatment, and an extensive out-prac- 
tice. physicians go everywhere with love and 
sympathy, and administer to all clas.scs, among the 
homes of the poor and suffering, up through all 
grades to the Viceroy's yamen (official residence). 
At the dispensary all hear the story of .salvation, »the 
beggar from the street in all her filth, and the "lady" 
in her silks and jewels — all who come there. The ear- 
nest voice of the Bible woman, telling in the waiting- 
room the "good news," gives new strength to the 
weary physician many a time. When practicable, 
Drs. Stevenson and Benn make evangelistic tours 
through the di.striets, preaching the gospel and heal- 
ing the sick. Pitiful indeed is the group of sorry- 
looking women, with their babies in their arms, the 
dirty children, and the few men, who gather in the 
places of worship, in the homes of native Christians, 
and by the roadside under the trees. On account of 
her health, Dr. Stevenson was obliged to come home 
early in 1894. Mrs. Mary Barrow, M. D., widow of 
Rev. L. C. Barrow, late of Tientsin, was accepted by 
the Reference Committee at their semi-annual meet- 
ing in Cincinnati, in May; 1895, and took work in 
Tientsin Hospital. At the same session Miss Hu 
King Kng, M. D., was accepted, but not appointed. 

TsuN Hr.v. — ^redical work was inaugurated in 
Tsun Hua in 1887, by Dr. EdnaG. Terry, of Boston. 


After a country trip with the presiding elder to a 
village thirteen miles away, she realized a goo<l deal 
of meaning in that prophecy of Isaiah, "Thou shalt 
not see a fierce people ; a people of deeper speech 
than thou canst perceive ; of a stammering tongue 
that thou canst not understand." Tsun Hua had but 
recently become a station on the doctor's arrival ; but 
in 1889 a hospital was opened. The greater number 
of cases requiring treatment were eye cases. Fre- 
quent trips were made in the country for the purpose 
of dispen.sing medicines. At one time a four days' 
journey into the mining region of Mongolia was made 
in answer to a call. Early in NTJy^tnber, 1891, a 
great panic was occasioned' by a local rebellion just 
outside the Great Wall, only a few miles from the 
city, when ihe magi.strate advised the missionaries to 
leave at once for Tientsin, furnishing i. conveyance , 
and an escort for the journey. The rebels were soon 
defeated, the mission property undi.iturbed ; but the 
shock occasioned by the imminent peril and precipi- 
tate flight, added to the strain of previous overwork,* 
told verj' seriously on the women, and Dr. Terr>' 
came home. After .spending a few months in "spe- 
cial " studies in the College of Ophthalmia in New 
York, .she was again at her post, the work having 
been cared for by Dr. Hopkins, of the Genera^Soci- 
ety. Great encouragement is found in the increased 
number of surgical operations, which shows the confi- 
dence of the people in the foreign doctor. In making 
her countrj' trips in 1 894, Dr. Terry spent six weeks \, 
in a Chinese cart, and traveled over 1,200 miles. . 

Medical Mtssioss, China. 155 

FoocHOW. — After repeated calls from the mission- » 
aries at Fo<k-1iow for a woman physician, in 1874 Dr. 
Sigourney received her appointment to this 
" mother mission " of Methodism in China. She had 
first graduated at the Pittsburg College, and then 

at the Wom- 

au's Medical I ^^ mm» ^^ -^M 

College in 
New York 
City. The 
.same quiet cn- 
crgyandsi)irit *, 
of determina- 
tion to suc- 
ceed that char- 
acterized her 
in securing 
an education, 
was niauiffst 
hs soon as she 
reached her 
new field of 
labor. " Her 
success," says 
one. "soon miss sicoirsev tkask, m u. 

gave her a 

wide reputalion as a skilled physician, while her 
gentle manner, and unselfishness won for her the 
respect and love of her patients and their friends." 
In Januan.-, 1875, the mi.ssion a.sked for $5,000 to 
build T hospital and residence for the. physician in 
Fooci Dw, which was promptly appropriated by the 
General Ivxecutive Conunitiee the following May, the 

156 Woman's FoKE/GJV AfissrONAKif Soc/ETK 

larger part of the pledge being met by the proceeds 
of a bazar held by some of the New York and Brook- 
lyn Churches. The selection of a site, which is on 
the large island in the Min, near the foreign com- 
munity, embraced the period of one year; the erection 
of the building one year more. The inauguration 
services were held April 18, 1877. A ]>leas;uit assem- 
bly of friendS of diplomatic, mercantile, missionary, 
and professional circles, with some Chinese high offi- 
cials, graced the occasion Members of the medical 
fraternity present made addresses full of good cheer 
and encouragement. There was .singing by a choir 
of ladies, accompanied by Mrs. S. t,. Baldwin on the 
harmonium. Mrs. Ohlinger also .sang with sweetness 
and pathos, " If I were a Voice." Mr. De, Lano, 
United States Consul, did honor to the occasion and 
himself by presiding over the .service.s. The follow- 
ing day the first in-patient was regi.stered. She was a 
young married woman, who had not been able to walk 
erect for five years. A fall, in which one knee had 
sustained an injury, followed by inflammation, re- 
sulted in stifl"ness of the joint — anc/iylosis — in a posi- 
tion of fle.xion at nearly a right angle. By operation 
(resection) the limb was straightenecj. A good recov- 
ery ensued, and in three months the woman was able 
to return to her home, sixty miles from Foochow. 
Her limb became sound and u.seful. During her stay 
at the hospisal .she lent a favorable ear to Christian 
teaching, and professed her faith in idols di,s.sipated, 
her heart acknowledging the truth of the go.spel. 
Such, briefly, is the story of the fi^rst patient. At the 
close of the .second year the doctor reported the whole 
number of patients registered 1,208, and as the audi- 


ence in the waiting-room generally averages twice as 
many patients, it is presuniahle 2,4cx) persons listened 
to Bible truth. Mrs. S. L. HaljUvin from the first was 
her coadjutor, visitiijg the wards and taJkiuK with the 
patients of their relation to God and his Son Jesus During the .second ycaran efficient native Chris- 
tian teacher became resident in the hospital, anddcvoted 
her whole lime to the instruction of patients. There 
was succes-s and appreciation on every hand. The 
native authorities took a lively interest in the good 
work, which took on the practical turn of a gift of 
$200 from various high officials, in i.S/S, That same 
ye«r the Foochow Conference passed resolutions as- 
suring her of their hearty interest, and tendered her 
a rising vote of thank*. Dr. S. L. Baldwin bore wit- 
nciis to the usefulness of women physicians at the 
Shanghai Conference of missionaries in iH77,by .some 
commendatory remarks regarding Dr.'s work iii_ 
F,oochow. As the work pressed on every side, she 
irrged the Society to send her relief. She needed 
rest, 'but would not leave until some one was ready to 
take her charge. After six years of faithful work she 
made a Ifttle visit to the United States in 1880 for a 
few months, and then returned to China. January 6, 
1885, .she was married in Foochow to John Phelps 
Cowles, Jr. 

The call for help was responded to in 1878 by 
sending Julia Sparr, M. D., to Foochow. She earned 
her degree at the Michigan University in 1877, when 
she spent six months in ho.spital at Philadelphia for 
further much-needed jiractice. On her arrival in 
China she assi.sted Dr. Trask in the hospital ; but in 
February, i88o. opened a street dispensary at' the 

158 Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

chapel, outside the city. The location proved unfa- 
vorable, and she moved to East Street, ,ind opened a 
branch dispensary there for women and children, on 
November 7, 1881. Here the attendance was so large 
Dr. Sparr gave it three days in the week. Daily clinics 
during the mornings were held, one of which belonged 
to one of the native medical students ! A Chinese girl 
conducting clinical lectures! In 1876, Dr. Trasl* re- 
ceived under her instruction the first girl medical stu- 
dents in Foochow, the first in China. Seven years 
later they were in charge of the inorning and even- 
ing services in the wards, and read and explained the 
gospel to the patients. 

One of these girls was Hii King Eng, whom Dr. 
Trdfek desired to come to America, stay ten years, if 
nece.ssary, that .she might return qualified to lift the 
womanhood of China to a higher plane, and to prac- 
tice medicine among her people. This was brought 
about through private beneficence, three elect women 
a.ssuming her .support. She arrived in Philadelphia in 
May, 1884, not able to speak a word of English. It 
was decided to send her to the Wesleyan University 
in Delaware, Ohio, and, as Mrs. Nathan Sites was about 
to go there with her eldest children, Hii King Eng 
.spent her first summer with these Chinese missionary 
friends. She learned English rapidly, and her child- 
like faith in God's help and presence won for her many 
friends among the girls and in the faculty. After four 
years she entered the Woman's Medical College in 
Philadelphia. On the 24th of January, 1891, she, with 
Miss Rutb Sites, was welcomed home in Foochow. 
Miss Hii's father, Rev. Hii Youg Mi, was fast passing 
away with lung trouble, and it was such a blessed 

Medical M/ss/ons, Chisa. 



thing for her to see her father once more and consult 
with him about her future work. Had she not learned 
to trust ■ G<xl fully, according to her own statement, 
she never could have left her sick father to come 
bifck to fin- 
ish her mcd 
ical course 
She arrived 
the second 
time in Phil- 
adelphia in 
1892, and 
with honor 
with a large 
class in May, 
1894. In the 
fall she en- 
tered upon a 
very expen- 
sive course 
of post-grad- 
uate study: 
but was for- 
tunate in be- 
ing chosen as 


assistant in the Philadelphia Polyclinic, which afforded 
her the privilege of a)^tcndinR all the lectures cud 

Dr. S. L. Baldwin baptized King Eng in her in- 
fancy. She is the third generation of Christians in 

Hu Kin<'. Kso. 



* the Hii family. Mrs. Haldwin, in the Heathen 
Woman's Fiiend for March, 1894, iiuUilges in some 
interesting reminiscences. It seems that the Chinese 
do nor change their surnames, hut the given name 
may change with circumstances, and it is, very 
common in baptizing men and boys to give them a 
new name. Frequently it becomes necessary to har- 
monize with the .new man in Christ Jesus. Mrs. 
Baldwin says: "UVhen the first women were bap- 
tized, there was the same difficulty, and the question 
arose. Shall women have Cliristian names? I regret 
to hrtvc to record that some of the brethren thought 
this wholly unnecessary. Then our mother Hii, 
that energetic, intelligent, fearless grandmother of our 
dear, gentle King Kng, and, without any preliminary 
remarks, informed the brethren that, ' ()f course the 
women would have Christian names !' And then, un- 
consciously, she Was inspired to utter a gi-eat, deep, 
far-reaching truth of infinite joy to all women, 
' \Voinan in Christ lias a name;' and added, emphat- 
ically, ' If you brethren can not find names for these 
sisters I can ! And she did. Let it be recorded that 
the mother of the rare Hii family, whose three re- 
markable sons, Hii Po Mi, Hii Vong Mi, of saintly 
memory, and father of o\ir King Kng (l)oth of them 
the first native presiding elders in China, as was the 
elder brother the first itinerant preacher). Hii Sing 
Mi, all of whom have given twenty-five to thirty-five 
years of service in o\ir ministry, and grandmother of 
still another minister. King Ivng's brother- be it re- 
corded that she gave Christian names to the^first 
women of Chinese Methodism. The brethren never 

'ji!^'^!?^fijf^i^^m^^!^v^y<^''i;^:!i^'i^ " 

Medic Ai. Af/ssw/vs, China. i6i 

had any trouble finding names for our Christian women 
after that example." 

After five years of efficient serv'ice, Dr. Sparr re- 
turned hpnic in iH83,for a year's rest, to go l):K'k again 
to Foochow as the wife of Mr. Augustus Coffin, a tea 
merchant. She has now taken up her residence in 
this country. 

Dr. Kathie A. Corey, a graduate of the Michigan 
University, arrived in Foochow April i, 1884, and al- 
most immediately assumed the burden of the work, 
as Dr. Trask was caring for Bishop Wiley through 
his last illness. The duties of hospital, dispen.sary, 
and nursing, all devolved on Dr. Corey, until she was 
well-nigh broken down under the burden. She felt 
th^ she could notf and dare not, contract the work, 
but see all that came, whatever tlie*ost. Dr. 
Susan M. Pray, of New York, was sent out to her re- 
lief, arriving in September, 1886; but returned, be- 
cause of severe illness, the following September. 
There was a continual plea for re-enforcements. Dr. 
Corey was willing to spend and be spent in, 
but could not think it neces,sary to spend all at once. 
The printed report of the medical work for 1887 was 
submitted to high medical authority; in this country, 
and received unsthited praise. A "leading medical 
journal said: " The course of in.struction as mapped 
out therein (for medical students) is a thorough and 
more advanced course than that offered by many 
medical schools in our own country." In connection 
with the report. Dr. Corey gave a cla.ssification of the 
diseases treated and the surgical operations she had 
performed after assuming charge of the work. The 


i6i WoitfAJV's Foreign MixsiONASY SociBTy. 

list embraced all tlie diseases usually met with in 
practice. Among the surgical operations were cat- 
aract, amputation of the breast, laceration of the cor- 
nea, cleft palate, etc. " The report was a strong ar- 
gument in support of woman's fitness for the medical 
mission field." The opening of the year 1888 found 
Dr. Corey alone, overworked and ill, unable longer to 
bear the burden. Dr. Mary K. Carlton was on her 
way to Nanking, and Bishop Warren, who was pre- 
siding at the Annual Conference, summoned her by 
telegram to the rescue. But it was too late to re- 
lieve Dr., Corey. She come home. The pressure 
of work and responsibility was simply enormous, 
which was then transferred to Dr. Carlton. The hos- 
pital had iK-en enlarged, so as to contain wards for 
sixty or seventy patients. There was tlie dispen.sary 
at Street, a new one at South Street, in connec- 
• tion with the new Woolston Memorial Hospital within 
the walled city. Miss Klla Johnson, a thoroughly- 
trained, .sailed September 8, 1888, from Phila- 
delphia, to give valuable aid in this department, and 
also in evangeli.stic work, so that the report the fol- 
lowing year speaks of spiritual reception of truth re- 
sulting in miraculous cures, even of thosjg under the 
power of demoniacal possession, and ancestral tablets 
and other trophies of victory pas.sed to her hand 
from those whom the .Son had made free indeed. 
Miss Johnson was married in 1892. Dr. Ella Lyon, 
a gra<luate of the Chicago Woman's College, re- 
enforced the work in 1S90, a memorable year, when 
a class of students completed their five years' course 
jof study. Four girls entered the class under Dr. 
Corey; after two^'ears they came under Dr. Carl- 

Medical Afjssroxs, Citina. 163 

■ f 
ton's instruction. The course was graded, consisting 
of anatomy, physiology, hygiene, obstetrics, diseases 
of women, materia medica, theory and practice, dis- 
eases of eye and skin, and surgery. With tliis they 
had four years' practice in tiie wards, drnR-rooni, dis- 
pensaiy, and in practical obstetrical and gynetoiog- 
ical work. They passed most creditable examinations, 
and were granted diplomas. About two months be- 
fore Coniniencement-day one of the died, leav- 
ing three to graduate. 

Dr. Luella .Ma.sters, of Indiana, a graduate from 
Syracuse University, reached Foochow late in Sep- 
tember, iSga. The year previous Dr. Lyon carried the 
medical work single-haiuied and alone. She became 
ill; then all the work fell on Dr. Ma.sters, beside 
caring for her. It .seems impossible to add strength 
to the medical force at work iu Foochow. Soon after 
Dr. Carlton's return from her vacation, Dr. Li'pn left, 
January 29, 1894, for Central China and Japan. She 
extended her trip to Vladivostock, Ru.ssia, cherishing 
.strong hope of permanent benefit, .since it had helped 
so many before her. The year 1895 found three 
physicians on tlie field at once. They have charge of 
two hospitals and .seven dispensaries in Foochow and 
vicinity. They also visit three schools and the 
orphanage for clinics once a, week, make out-visits 
and country trips, and teach two classes of medical 
students. The prt'scriptions filled were, 15,094; 
patients seen in dispensaries, 10.736; patients seen in 
homes, 2,953; patients in hospital wards, 279. 

HiNG Hw.\. — Julia M. Donahue, M. D., was sent 
out by the Cincinnati Branch in 1894, to open med- 


164 Woman's Fokeign AfrsstONARV Soc/t n: 

ical work in Hing Hwn. She bas evinced wonderful 
energy and perseverance, having educated herself, first, 
by a course in Delaw.ire, Oliio, and afterward in the 
Woman's Medical College in Chicago. She then 
served as inlrrue in the hospital for women and chil- 
dren in Chicago. 

Kiu-KIANO. — Nfcdicjl work among womerf was 
coninienced in Kin-kiaiig when Dr. I.etitia Mason 
reached there the last nuinth of 1X74, having received 
her diploma from the Woman's Medical College in 
Chicago in February. She was full of life and 
strength, buoyant and enthusiastic, and on reaching 
her destination entered joyfully ii|M)11 her work. Her 
first professional visit was to an only child of a well- 
to-do Chilianiau, with Miss Howe as interpreter. 
They were borne in sedan chairs, on the shoulders of 
coolies, througli dirty streets, .so narrow that a man 
with arms extended coubl reach each side. When 
they arrived at the house, they passed througli rooms 
eight by ten feet in size, floorless, windbwless, and 
stoveless, until the sick-room was reached, and were 
astonished to find a window in it with two panes of! The baby was in a cradle, and the mother and 
grandmother and all the friends were near at hand, 
manifesting great anxiety, for this was a boy. A dis- 
pensary was oiiened, and two hundred patients re- 
ceived treatment in ten months. Skin di.seases and 
>ore eyes predominated, tho\igh she was often re- 
i|iiired, in the girl's school, to treat the poor, little, 
ulcerated feet suffering so cruelly from the cu.stom T)f 
binding. In the midst of hct, Usefulness the fever 
sei'.ed her, and she was oldiged to return, reaching 


AfBIUCM. M/SSIONS, Cin.\.\. ifis 

home in AhkusI, 187(1. Three years later, Ur. 
Kaic C. Uushnell was appointed to this work. Slie 
was thoroughly prepared, with two years' study o( 
nervous diseases in the olTice of a prominent physi- 
cian in Chicaj,'o, a degree froin the Woman's College, 
superintendency of a hospital for women and chil- 
dren, and three months in the "Eye and Ear Infirm- 
ary." She is the same who, in 1H93, accompanied 
Mrs. Andrew to India under the auspices of the 
World's Woman's Christian Temperance I'liion, and 
unveiled the secret liaunts of vice in connection with 
the British Army. With no hospital accommodations. 
Dr. Hnshnell cared for fifteen to twenty patients often 
in the Mission Home at a time. Women would bring 
their quilts, and sleep on the veranda while recovering 
from a .surgical operation. One woman, almost gone 
with consumption, came fifteen miles in a wheelbar- 
row to see if she could cure her. Through anxiety 
and overwork, the Doctor became ill with nervous 
prostration, and in 1881, Dr. Ella Gilchrist, a former 
classmate and associate in the hospital, was .sent to 
her relief. From the first day her heajt and hands 
were over-full of care and toil. One of the mission- 
aries was sick, the Chinese were sick and dying, on 
every side, and necessity threw every heavy burden on 
her willing shoulders. From September, 1881, to the 
■ latter part of April, 1H82, she gave out over three 
thousand prescriptions, entertained over one hundred 
patients in empty rooms of the mission houses, made 
many visits to out-patients, studied several hours daily 
on the Chinese language, and spent the evenings read- 
ing jjjedicine. By fall her chronic bronchitis ap- 
peared, Jlid it soon became apparent she nmst leave 

i66 Woman's Foksign AfissioNAKV Soc/sry. 

her Chinese. Sue and Dr. Bushnell reached San 
Francisco May 30, 1882. The ni^ht liefore they 
started, the Chinese girls and servants crept into 
the room, one by one, and seated them.seives on the 
floor about her chair. They took down her hair and 
rtithed her fevered brow ; silently the tears flowed 
down their cheeks, and carefully they drew her hand 
out over the arm of the chair and covered it with 
kisses. Only one of them was uncontrollable. Poor 
Tsay Vin would come in for a few moments, and 
then rush from the room with sobs that were heard 
in every part of the house. The two friends stopped 
in Colorado, and the tendert-st care and loving devo- 
tion of Dr. Hushnell detained her two years. April 
2^. 1.884, marked her Litest breathings of the earth- 
life, and the dawn of the heavenly. 

The medical work in Kiu-kiang has never been 
resumed, but in 1892 Miss Gertrude Howe brought 
to this country two young girls whom she had educated 
in her mis.sion sclwol there. They were Mary She 
(Stone), "the daughter of a Bible woman, and the 
first girl in all Caitra' and Western China brought 
up by her own ™(rents witli unbound feet; the other 
girl is UUi Katin or Con (the same name as Confu- 
cius, the philosopher Con), whom Miss Howe had 
adopted when .she was but two months old. They 
are both Christian girls, example is worthy of 
imitation. vSo thorough had been their preparation 
that lliey entered after an exaniinaliou of two days, 
without conditions, the medical classes in the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and their record for three years, 
up to date, has been unexceptional. 


Meuicai. Missions, China. 167 

Chin-Kiang. — 111 January, 1884, Dr. Lucy Hoag; 
was sent to Chiii-Kiaiig, nii importattt center and 
key to the province, to open medical work. Mi.s.s 
Hoag first went to China as a missionary in 1873, 
and after seven years returned and took a medical 
course, all unaided by any one, in the Michigan Uni- 
versity, graduating in 18H3. With her knowledge of 
the and their language, she found ready ac- 
cess everywhere in the use of the healing art, and in 

\pne month gave medicine to eight hundred and fifty 
patients. The new year of 1887 found her rejoicing 
in a neat little hospital and dispensary on the beauti- 
ful hill, in the same compound with the Home and 
school, in favor with Government officials, and in the ^ 
number and receptivity of the patients. The riot 
of 1889 brought no injury to the property. Eighteen 
hundred and ninety was a year of pestilence. Many 
foreigners Were attacked with smallpox, the "heavenly 
flower disease," which also entered the school, and 
took .some from the Home. This year the doctor took 
a vacation, not leaving the country, the first since she 
went to China. Twenty-thrte years have been spent 
by her in preparation and in WQrk in China. Again 
riots made some confusion in the work ; but the mis- 
sionaries suffered no inconvenience, and were able to 
furnish an asylum to those less fortunate, feeling that 
" they were safe so long as gunboats were anchored at 
the wharf, and the ^officials were able to control the 
people." In 1894 the ho.spital was enlarged, with 
" ample room to accommodate all the Chinese women 
and children who are likely to come for treatment." 
That year she recorded 3,799 dispen.sary visits; 79 . 

^ patients in hospital; 79 visits to out-patients, and 11 


l68 ll'' I.V 'S FOKEIGN MlSSIONAKY Soc/ETy. 

casts of poisoiiinjj. Diiilv ruliRioiis instruction is 
given, iiiul, when able, the hospital patients ntteiul 
morning; prayers and all tlic services of the Church. 
In the SpriuK of i>*»>5 Hr. Hoag came home for a 
much-needed rest, intending to return in a few months, 
but found it necessary to change h«r plans. Dr. 
Hoag's' Katie, a devoted, con.secrated Chinese girl — 
"Little Dr. Hoag," as the nativcscall her— successfully 
carried on the hospital work during her ab.scnce, until 
a foreign doctor came. She and her as.sistant, Urjen, 
prayed to the Great Physician to .send them the people 
they could help, and to guide them rn dispensing 
medicines. Miss Gertrude Taft, M. D.^as appointed 
to Chiii-Kiang in the .•nimnier of 1895. 

Chungking. — Miss Sadie E. Kissack, a trained 
nurse, graduate from Harper Hospital 
for nurses, located in Detroit, was appointed in 1894, 
to Chungking, in West China. 


Hakodati. — The need of mi.ssionary phy.sicians 
is not now as urgent in Japan as in other nou-Chri.s- 
tian lands. An M. I), qualified to make a diagnosis 
and write a prescription can be found in every large 
city of the Ivmpire. It is also a fact that the Imperial 
University and Normal Schools send out highly-edu- 
cated men and women. Several women have .studied 
medicine in America, some to return as Christian 
healers. In 1883 the Society sent their first and only 
medical missionary to Japan — Dr. Florence Nightin- 
gale Hamisfar, of— her appointment being 
Hakodati. In 1886, her last year, she taught a class 

Medicai. Missioss, Korea. 1^19 

ill the Inipcrint Nuniial School one hour each day, for 
which she receive<l lS4<>5, which she placed to the 
credit of the Kranch supporting her. 


Medical science in Korea is extremely crude, if, 
indeed, it can be called a science. The native physi- 
cian knows absolutely nothing about anatomy, physi- 
ology, therapeutics. They havq a materia nicdha, such 
as it is, and they know the results of certain drugs, 
but this is mingled with superstition and ignorance. 
Of surgery they have no knowledge, and a Korean 
surgical will contain nothing but a few sharp 
lancets or needles, and dull irons for puncturing and 
cauterizing. They sometimes dig needles into an eye 
to open up lost sight; or, in case of epilepsy, they 
take tlu: person by the heels and beat their heads 
against some hard substance to restore them. In 
cases of cholera, they make sacrifices tovstop the 
plague, offering pigs, rice, and other food as a burnt 
offering. The sick with contagious diseases are 
driven from home into the tents, or even have no 
shelter, and are deserted by friends and become sub- 
jects of charity. It is considered very unfortunate for 
a home to have any one die in it. In going outside 
any of the gates of the capital city, hundreds of these 
deserted persons may be seen. All accept 
medical treatment gladly, and are very grateful. It 
has plowed up prejudice, and reaps unstinted praise. 

Seoul. — The first woman physician to Korea 
was Dr. Metta Howard, sent out by the Society in 
1887. She was a graduate of the Woman's College 

I70 Woman's Fokkicn AfissioNAnv SocrsTy. 

in Chicago. During the first ten months she treated 
1,137 dispensary cases. The following year, on ac- 
count of the riotous condition of affairs, and the em- 
bargo against direct retigipus work, all missionary op- 
erations were suspended save the medical. In 1889 
the first ho.spital for women was opened. When the 
king heard of it he .showed his approval by sending a 
name, Po Goo Nijo Goan, or home for many sick 
women. It was framed and painted in royal colors, 
all. ready to be hung over the great gate. Dr. Howard 
met with favor among the people, visiting profession- 
ally in the houses of officials and men of rajkk. In 
less than two years she treated three thousand 
patients. Early in 1890 she was obliged, on account 
of serious illness, to return home. Dr. Ro.setta Sher- 
wood sailed September 4, 1S90, for Seoul. She 
reached her destination in due time, and energetically 
i^et herself to work. As yet there was ni trained 
Korean helper to assist in the drug work or in nurs- 
ing, and everything devolved on the doctor — the 
preparation of mixtures, ointments, and powders, 
taking of temperatures and pulses, the giving of food 
and medicine, dressing of ulcers and abscesses, and the 
many other things incident to the dispensary and 
hospital work. Th^ first year, which was the fourth 
in the work, she treated 2,476 cases among the high- 
est and the lowest class women; 277Avere surgical 
cases ; 77 were patients in their homes, and 35 were 
in hospital wards. Over 6,000 prescriptions were 
compounded. She then opened new work at the great 
East Gate. In 1891, Ella A. Lewis, a trained 
nurse, was added to the working force, and that same 
year Dr. Sherwood married Rev. W. J. Hall, M. D., 

f • ■ ■■ .'■?■/: 

K I > K i: A N 1 1 OHPIT At , SKOU t. 


1I^H'7;;-^f7 r^"t;?irr-' 


of the General St>ciety. TIioukIi the Woman's So- 
ciety coiiUI iii.ikt no further diiim upon her services, 
for the love of the Master and his sufferinR ones 
she continued in charge "f the work until the arrival, 
Marcli ,v>. i»9i of Dr. Mary Cutler, who immediately 
entered U|)i>ii her divine mission of healing the sick, 
and April i.-ih wrote she had made 825 professional 
visits. treatiiiK 156 cases since her arrival. It was 
found cpiite impossible to sustain the work at the 
Ivasi C/.ite, and the dispensary had to he closed during 
alniii^t llie iiitin- year of 1843, while Dr. Cutler and 
Miss Lewis continued to bear heavy burdens at the 
Tjong LonK Hospital. 

The Society has sent out thirty-nine diplomated 
physicians and four trained nurses. Of this number 
two have died, five retired, and eleven have married. 
It has seven hospitals and nine additional dispensa- 
ries, with a valuation of over ; They are in 
char>{c of .seventeen physicians. For the year 1895 
the sum of $Jo.oo(3 was appropriated to carry on 
medical work. Over fifty thousand women in 1894 
received help from Metlioilist women physicians that would have had none. 

J0.SIK M. CoiM-. M. I).— This sketch of medical work 
would be incomplete without making mention of Josie 
M. Copp. M. I)., who mule all possil)le preparation to 
become a medical missionary, fjradualing from Mich- 
igan University in 1873. She expected to go to India, 
and wouUl liavc been such an illustration of Christian 
love, culture, and wisdom in a heathen land ; but God 
knew best, and we must believe there is no waste in 

•,a,^ ■ 

174 Woman's Fokkign AfissrosAitr Socikty. 

hid plan. Saturday cveiiin){, Kcbnmry 7, 1H74, nhe 
went instead to licavvii, to Ik- with her Henvoiily 
Father, who alone knew her true value an<l how she 
ardently longed to render Christ her hi)(liest service. 

Miss Ai.ick Jackson —At the General I<;xeeu- 
tive Committee held in Chica){<>, May, 1S79, Miss 
Jackson, of Ohio, was accepted as a medical candi- 
date. She .seemed endowed with peculiar Kilts, and 
had decided convictions in re>{ard to her " call " Her 
services were needed in the South .Vnierican field, 
liarly in the fall of 1879, as she was euterinjj on her 
second course of lectures in the Philadelphia Medical 
Colleife, she sickened and die<l with typhoid fever, 
leaving a beautiful testimony for her Savior. 


The Woman's Foreign .Missionary Society of the « 
Methodist Episcopal Church enjoys the following 
signal honors : 

It sent out 

Tlie first woman physiciiiii tn Iinlia, in iS6<^, r)r, Clarn \. 

Tlic first woman physician to China, in jS;), Dr. Luoimla 

The first woman phvsioian to Japin. in iHS(, Ilr. I'' N. 

Thi' first woman physician to Korea, in 1SS7, Dr. Mctta 


It opened , 

The first hospital for women in ln<Iia. January t, 1.S71, in 

The first hospital fi>r women in Chini. Ololier 15, 1S75, in 

The first hospital for women in Korea, in |.S«9, in Seoul. 

JUitDicAi. Missioss. 173 

The Northwestern Branch, in 1H71, Heriounly con- 

(iidered the matter of cdiic.-ititiK yoiniR women in med- • 
iciue for the fureign field, and appointed a Committee 
-wf twelve, of which Mrn. A. J. Hrown, of I^vansiton, 
was Chairman, to help raise a special fund liy private 
solicitatiiin for this piirposi'. Aid was also to Ijc fur- 
nished tlirouKh collections at cimp-tneetiiiKs on Miv 
sionaryday, the contents of niitc-i)oxes, and from the 
sale of photo^raplis. In 1881 the revenue from mite- 
l)oxes was cut off. In 188,?, Mrs. I). C. .Scofield, of 
lilRin, Illinois, died, IcaviuR in her bequests J.V'x'O 
for this fund, and with the money two perpetual schol- 
arships were secured in the Woman's College in Chi- 
cago. Preceding i88,v aid was given five candidates, 
who graduated in the University of Michigan. The 
sixth candidate then removed to Chicago, and finished 
there, that institution remitting one half the lecture 
fees. Mrs. Hrown succeeded, in 1H81, by Mrs. 
I. \. Danforth, who remained Chairman i^f the Com- 
mittee until her death, in August, 1895. If studetits 
failed to go to the foreign field, and underi,"lhi 
Woman's .Society, they were expected to refund the 
money; l)iit not until |88? were they required under 
any circumstances to consider the help received as a 
loan, to be refunded as soon as- practicable after enter- 
ing the service. Nineteen young women hijve been 
aided in part or entirely by the Medical Committee, 
whose total number of >Vars in the work is thus far 
thirty-two. Over $12,000 have been expended, includ- 
ing a little over |>.s,(x>o, down to 18H4, when the money 
became a loan fund. Something over $1,200 has 

if^7fw:^^'''jf^TW^vriw .'^■^w 

176 IVoMAN's FoKKias AfissroNAur Soc/grr. 

t)een refnmlcd. DiiriiiK the yp.-ir i«i)j Ihi- Harvnrd 
l>c(|ue<«t l)r<>iiKlit in fi.sixi. which \vn^ auK>»i'ntc(i 
$.V» i" '**').V r'""- '• N. Danfcirlli plncecl, in 189s, 
a fi,ocKy HchohirHhip in memory itf his wife. The 
liaikes of the candidales aided are : Ji)Hc|))iitie Copp, 
Julia Sparr, I^eonora Hc^ward, Kate liii.shnell, Her- 
tha Miller, Catherine Corey, ICstelln I.onR, Anna 
Gloss, Meltn Howard, ICIlen I.yon, Lulu Rosser, 
Margaret (Ircen, Addie Hunnell, I<ney (taynor, Kate 
McGrennr, Jennie Dart, Snsan Lawrence, Margaret 
Lewis, and Ida Kahn, the last named a Chinese 
girl. Miss Copp received about ^2^. She died soon 
after Kriidnatioii. Iteiiha Miller and Lulu Rosser 
were dismissed after one year. Over $1,2011 were ex- 
|>ended on Ivstella LoiiK. '»f whicli she refunded $^5. 
She' was tiever sent out. Margaret Cireeu received 
$2^S' refunded $,\(\ married a missionary, and went 
to Mexico. Addie Hunnell, for family reasons, had 
to defer goinj; abroad, and has refunded nearly all the 
money received. Lucy (laynor was taken by the 
Friends' Society, who paid b.ick all the ex|>cnses. 
The .second and third candidates 'married, lour came 
home sick, two retired. Anna Oloss and Ivlla Lyon 
are in China; Jennie D.irt was sent to India in iHgs; 
the three named are still in this c()UUtr>\ two of 
them not yet through school. Of the six who are not 
now in the service, their years ranged from less than 
two to seven years, a total of twenty-four years, or an 
average of four years. * 


PIONIll'^ INXl>^i'iN VMUJk ll„. I .iM 
Mki« Mahik llRdWN Davis. ^^^^{a^^akv tj Tohikh l^AMhWHLL. 

Mkb. Dura Sc'lluuNMAKK^tMti-KH' 



;• . • 4 ■ !■• • 

Chapthr X. 


Criiiiiiicinril HI iH^h - VVoiiiiiii'ii work ooiiinienircl in 1HA9— 
Niirtli Iiiiliii I'liiifiriiiir <>r)(Uiii/ri| in iNij ; Soutli Imlia 
in |H7<) , lli'iiKiil lliiriiw in iS«6, Itoniliuy in iHvJ , North- 
»ttl in lH<n; Miiliiynlii ill 1H9V 

INI)IA was till.' first field (K-cupii-d liy tlio Woman's 
Socii'ty. So iiiarvoloiis has lici-ii tlii; di-vi'lopmciit, 
so rapid the k")"'*'' <>f lli«^ work, that at present its 
representatives are to l)e fomul in nearly all the lar^e 
cities of that vast louiitry, from north to sonlh, and 
extending; as far east as Huriiia. Schools and Bible 
women are supporte<l in sixty-five stations in the 
North India Conference, seven in South India Con- 
ference, ei^ht ill Komlmy Conference, twenty-two in 
Nortluvest Conference, eight in Helical Burma, anif 
two in the Malaysia Conferences— in all 112 stations. 
I'revions to the arrival of the first representatives 
of the Society, much preparatory work had been done 
by the wives of the missionaries of the General Soci- 
el\ . We n^oup llic names of those antedating 1869: 
.Mrs. Butler, Kiiowles, Parker, Waugli, Judd, Brown, 
Thomas, Johnson, Scott, Ho.skins, Gracey, Humphrey, 
and Messmore. 

Li'CKNOw.— April iH, 1870, Miss Thoburn began 
the work of the Society by opening its first school in 
Lucknow. It was to be a school for Christian girls, 
and was begun in a little room in the bazar. A few 


•i!^^:nr^''<^vf^^w^}i''!i "^m-" 'ffw^mw^fw 

m^ Woman 's Fohkihn Mission aky SoiiKrr. 

wetkH later Itttur iin«imttv)'l'(ti''n« were Hecurcil in a 
ViKiint roDiii 111 Dr WniiKli'ii hiniKalow, and from thtrc 
Ilia rttitid house, wliuli wm" lill ii ynii' liilir to tnkc 
jMiHHiwsion o( the lirnl purihuse; of tlu- SK-icty, a place 
lallcd tluii. anil cvir siiiif, I.ul II.ikIi. which nwaa* 
' lose k:ihUii." As MfH. Iv J KiiowU-> »iiiK»; 

" T i« Out Minklrr'n k«"I<'» "f '""I'tv now, * 

All iitcli.inl "f pliMniiiil friiitn. 
Ao III' VMilkn ill llii i-liiiilr lit tlir iiiiil (if tlir iliiy, 
Willi voiii- j)f ,i|i|irinal wi- liiiit liiiii ««y, 
' llltHMil in ilir 
Willi trmii» iIh'm- liiiiiiiiii |iliiiitii for me. '" 

Till- property loiisists of niiie acres of ground, 
with the llotiie— a lar^e h-iiist', built Ity a rich Mo- 
haiiiiiKil.m >e\eral Ncars hefoie —a school, ilortnitories, 
several sin.ill liniises for the servants, and liuuseH for 
tile HiUUi women, in one of which has lived for years 
Caroline Uieliards, " Mama Caroline," as- she is known. 
Miss Thiilinrn's deseriptioii of the flora is so grapliic 
we nive-it entire : " .Ml aliout the compound are trees 
and sliriilis, ' sdiiie of which are always hloominK, 
When the Imt winds of .April are scorchinR the an- 
nuals in the tlowerheds the amaltas trees, which the 
luinlish c:ill the Indian laburnum, hang out their 
larjje, golden pend.ints, making a Rlory about us 
briniiter than the inorniut,' sunliKht, while deeper 
than the in hhi heats bla/e the red pome(i;ranate- 
Howers all thron)?h May and June. The rains bring 
out the dainty tassels on the babool -trees, and lower 
down the oleanders, which scarcely find breathing- 
room amid the odors of tuberoses and jessamine. In 
Qetober .-nd November the pride of India, a tall tree 
of delicate foliage, puts forth branches of wax-like 




white flowers. All throiiKli llif I'oUl ncawm i'i>nvi>l- 
villUM, ItcKOnia, 1111(1 other itit|kth an- hliMniiiimi-vcry- 
wherv, clinKiii^ to the portico, up otil trt'cx, over 
gateways niul trelliit-wurk. A poMiion nuwcr covers 


one whole side of the portico. February is the muiith 
of rosis, tlumuli some arc l)looiiiiiiK all thi- yiar rotiiul ; 
ami as llii-- tlavs grow warniiT niul March coincs in, 
the whole ►janlcn overflows with cvjor and swcelneks. 
Then there is tlil^ sacred pupultree, a hanyan, and a 


rf» ' 


>/i' , 

i82 Woman's Foreign MissiONAKV SociETy, 

palm ; also seven wells, four of which are stone-built, 
each of which is a treasure-house." The property 
was bought for $7,000, one-fifth its real value. 

From the beginning it was Miss Thoburn's en-, 
deavor to make, not a boarding-place, nor a place to 
stay, but a home in the truest sense to all its inmates. 
How well she succeeded let Dr. Mudge answer: "A 
bright light," he calls Lai Bagh, " in the midst of 
thi? dark heathen country, and it shines with clear. 

pure rays. The members of our English Church aiid 
congregation, also of the Hindustani Church ; the 
school-girls, with the friends from distant stations 
who visit them ; teachers, niunshees, pundits, servants, 
helpers and helped, Christian, Hindus, Mohammedans, 
people of all religion, and of no religion ; individ- 
uals from all these classes have .some sort of connec- 
tion with the place, and feel in their own peculiar 
manner the influence of this pure Christian home. 
It is so well known that Lai Bagh is always ready to 
open-jwide its hospitable doors for every good pur- 
pose, that people seem to feel more free to come there 
than anywhere else. Very many visitors are also en- 
tertained here for a day or two at a time, during the 
year, chiefly members of other missions, and religious 
people traveling through the country, who have oc- 
j^^ion to stop in the city. In some way such people 
s^em to have got in the habit 6i stopping at Lai 
Bagh, and as they always receive a cordial welcome, 
and are made to feel comfortably at home, the habit 
seems likely to continue." It has also been a birth- 
place of souls again and again. Several meetings are 
held weekly, a woman's prayer-meeting, and a girls' 
prayer-meeting, both in English; then the Hindus- 

if ^>' 



• (.i^^oH 

v U 



^ ^!^S^. ,.; :- 

1 W^ Vl'i ill 1 

K fll MLl 

-^ • sft'S- 

-.,;**» ^^i:^:^mf2m 


— ^^^■■■a 

p^miiBKav^^^^asft.' ' ^'-"-' 

■„ Tri'iaamMHnff"^*"' 





:-S!i;»7»Si' • 

. i« 

India. 185 

tani women and girls each have a meeting, and the 
Church class-meeting also. The door stands open to 
all who can be helped in any way. "Many bring 
blessings, others carry them away," says Miss Tho- 
burn. Miss Jennie Tinsley was the first missionary 
of the Society to share with Miss Thoburn the home 
and school duties, going but in 187 1, L. K. Blackmar 
and Eugenie Gibson in 1H78, Florence Nickerson in 
1880, Esther De VMne in 1882, Theresa J. Kyle in 
1885, Anna Galliinore in 1887, Florence Perrine and 
Lucy Sullivan in 1888, Elizabeth Hogcin 1892, Flor- 
CTice NichoUs and Lilly D. Greene in 1894. Not all 
of these were in the .school. A part went into zenana 
work, Blackmar soon after, in the Home for 
Homeless Women, and Miss Sullivan into deaconess 

AtJthe close of the first year the .school numbersd 
twenty-five pupils, and at once a Christian girls' 
boarding-school was decided upon, like the one in 
Amroha, only of a higher grade. Tlie attendance in- 
creased with the years; applicants were often refused 
for want of sufficient room. There were 160 pupils 
in 1892, of whom •96 were boarders. All ages were 
represented, from the child of six years to woman- 
hood, in one case a mother with two grown daugh- 
ters. Miss Thoburn was home for rest in i88o, and 
again from 1887 until 1S92. wlien her health de- 
manded a change. During this prolonged absence 
the school was superintended with great efficiency by 
Miss Dc Vine.' The school is too broad to represent 
any or caste, and has had much to do in breaking 
the walls that are so quick to form and so firm to 
stand among Anglo-Indians, and between them and 


Other races. " Our social Christianity," says Miss 
Thoburn, "or Christian socialism, is largely in the 
hands of women, and we have a part in bringing to- 
gether into one all these diverse Indian tongues and 

An additional grant, in aid, was made in 1887, and 
the standard of education raised. The name was 
changed to Girls' High School, and the same year a 
collegiate department added. In 1893 a teachers' 
class was begun, and a Kindergarten Department in- 
trodticed. Great interest centered in this last, the 
first attempt, I believe, in India. That year five kin- 
dergartners were under training, two of whom were 
sent from other schools. Miss Hoge was sent out the 
year before for this special work. 

During the earlier years Miss Thoburn organized 
scliools, and put them in excellent operation, en- 
gaged in Sun(la>-school work, made many personal 
visits to the native women, and superintended the 
work of Bible readers. In 1874 she went to Cawn- 
pore, and opened a boarding-school. 

Many of the older girls haS'e become teachers. 
Some are doing village work, many arc making Chris- 
tian homes, and are occupying positions of trust 
and responsibility; some are pa.stor's wives, one is 
head teacher in a Girls' Boarding-school of the Pres- 
byterian Mission, one is teacher in- the Collegiate 
Department of this school, many are zenana teachers 
and Bible women, and others have grown daughters 
who are pupils now ; .some have won early victories 
and gone safely home, and now there is a bright" 
studying and winning university honors. 



.^!^^^^_';^i-n.^^.P;^,-*j*;.^'.''^k<^;' ':'?'^'*'':T: :'>•''•''''■• ^'f,'7r^s^^^ 

India. 189 

A Woman's Coi.i.kc.k. — The first call for a higher 

education came from a pupil in 1886, who had com- 
pleted the course in the Lucknow Girls' Hi^h School, 
and wanted to study medicine, but was ambitious 
euough to diJsire the privileges and'advantages that 
come with a degree. There was hut one school in 
all India where that could he obtained, and it was 
non-Christian, with strong Brahminical infhience. 
When Miss Thoburn communicated this fact to the 
girl's mother — Mrs. Chpckerbutty, herself a ten-year- 
old convert from Hinduism — she replied: "I 
Shorat could finisli her education, but I would rather 
she never know anything than to be taught to doubt 
the truth of Cliristianity." When Miss Thoburn pro- 
po.scd a Christian Woman's College, this widow asked 
tlie privilege of being tlie first contril>utor, and offered 
500 rupees. 

The college came into e.xistence in 1887, with 
three students, and Miss H. V. Mansell, B. S., princi- 
pal, without reference books, apparatus, atlases, en- 
cyclopedias, microscope, telescope, or library — these 
were furnished later by friends at home. It .soon 
affiliated witli Calcutta University, His Excellency 
Lord Dulferin, Viceroy of India, sanctioning the afiil- 
ialion. Among the advantages to be derived is that 
of receiving degrees upon \^ completion of equiva- 
len'. courses of study. Tlie University puts its seal 
on the work of the Lucknow Woman's College. 
This new departure in education was first presented to 
the General Executive Committee in 1887, by Miss 
Thoburn herself In 188H sfbe was given permiifeion 
to funds for the college in accordance with the 
wish of the North India Conference ladies, and organ- 



igo Wo.u. w '5 Foreign Af/ss/ONAsr Society. 

ize young ladies societies for this work. Miss T. J. 

Kyle, B. S., was appointed principal in 1889 and 1890. 

Two of the first three girls, Miss Ellen D'Abreu, 

B. M.,* Mrs. So- 
phia D'Abreu 
Tlioinpson, B. A., 
passed in First 
A rts exam ination , 
March, 1889, and 
entered Bethune 
College, Calcutta, 
for B. A. About 
this time Mrs, Par- 
ker, in India, said: 
" The college is a 
necessity of our 
work. We need 
educated women 
for teaching in all 
our schools; we 
need native Chris- 
t i a n women 
skilled in medi- 
cine for work in 
our cities and 
villages. Then 

there is a most important branch of work that we 

have scarcely touched as yet — the preparation of liter- 


*Miss ICllcn D'.Vbreii, H. II., and Mrs. Sophia D'Abreu 

/ Thompson, B. .\ , are Kurasian.s. They be^an their .stmlies at 

Lncknow and Cawnpore. and received the dejjrees of Bachelor 

of Medicine and Uachclur of Arts, respectively, at Calcutta 

an<l Madras. 



) '91 

ature for our Christian woineii and girls. For such 
service we must have the highest and best edttcation 
possible. The need of a boarding-school in everj' di.s- 
trict appears 
very plain to us 
now, and tlu- 
need of a col- 
lege to trai n 
teachers for the 
and doctors for 
the village wo- 
men as ap- 
parent to me." 
Again at home, 
on the twentieth 
anniver.sarv' of j 
the Society, a 
special collec- 
tion was taken 
on Lucknow 
College Day, 
which amount- 
ed to $8,000. Be- 
fore Tho- 
burn's return in 
T Si;o, the fund 

had grown to $14,635.57, which warranted commenc- 
ing tlie work. In 1890, Miss Florence Perrine arrived, 
and was appointed principal of the college," retaining 
the position five years, until her marriage with Rev. 
W. A. IMansell, principal of Reid College, when Miss 
Nicholls succeeded her. There are eight .students 

Mrs. Sol'iiiA D'AiiKl:r Thompson. 


19 J IVoM.iN's FoKEm.V Missionary Sociejy. 

in the present Entrance Class, 1895, two of whom are 
danghtcrs of Mrs. Jane Phinimer, so well-known at 
Moradabad, herself one of the early orphan girls 

.■'SfAW-iWr'. .;#■■■ ■'."">"".■,:'-■■■' J ^' Bareilly. 

Among the 
teachers is 
Miss i,ilavata 
Singh, B. A.,* 
who was pre- 
pared for col- 
lege hy Miss 
Thohiirn, and 
took her de- 
gree, in Cal- 
cutta, whose 
was unfriend- 
ly to Christ, 
and unconge- 
nial to her- 
self After 
with honor, 
she accepted 
a Govern- 
^ent position 
which carried with it a salary of $30 per month. 
When she heard that her former high school had 
a collegiate department, " she offered her services at 

'Miss Sinyli is a Kurasian. She stmlicd above her work 
hours, ami lixik her ilt-Kne of A. M. .it the hist T'niversity 
exaiiiinatioii, standing second in the list in the whole uni- 


t«* ^\ ■ 



/JVD/A. 193 

half the salarj' she was receiving, if only she could 
have the privilege of working for God and her /1/ma 
AV/^r — the old school which gave her her start in 
life." Miss Nichols, Miss Collins, and Miss Singh are 
the college teachers, with two assistants for mathe- 
matics and Persian. These are men, one a Hindu, 
and the other a Mohammedan. One of these days 
this will not he a nece.ssity. 

The " .Silver Anniversary " of the Society was 
universiilly observed in India, and the collections ap- 
plied on the college. At the Thank-offering service, 
held April 18, 1S95, in Lucknow, nearly 800 rupees 
were raised. This, added to what had already been 
realized from native Churches in various places, and 
over 300 rupees which had been sent to Miss Tho- 
burn by former pupils, niftde almoijt 2,000 rupees col- 
lected in India. The plan is to use this for an Indian 
room in the niemoriaM)uilding. Most of these offer- 
ings are the result of earnest and cheerful selfdenial, 
especially on the part of former pupils, who carry 
away to their homes a true appreciation and love for 
the school. Jk 

From the anniversary fund at home 5 10,000 was 
appropriatecj for the erection of a new building for 
the college, in memory of Mrs. Harriet warren, and 
January 28, 1895, the corner-stone wasJaid with im- 
pressive ceremony. The brick \\alls had ri.sen several 
feet, and the veranda afforded a seat for many of the 
g[uests. So important an event as the building for the 
first college for women in Asia, brought together 
many mi.s.sionaries fi;om other stations. The Christian 
students of both the girls' and the boys' schools were 
present in full force. The exercises began with sing: 

194 Wo^yfAN'sFoKEiGNMissiONAiir Society. 

ing a Hindustani translation of " Revive us Again." 
After the responsive Scripture reading, Bishop Tho- 
burn led in prayer; then another liymn, when Dr. 
Parker read the report of the institution. Among 
other things, he said: "In i88.^ the first candidates 
were sent up for the university matriculation exami- 
nation, and in 1H88 the first for examination in the 
Fine Arts course, which rouglily correspond witli the 
first two years' course in an (\verage American col- 
lege. One young lady will appear for the B. A. ex- 
amination in 1S96. These higher, though 
small, are increasing." 

A missionary quartet sang, " The Lord is mind- 
ful of His own," and Bishop Thohurn gave the ad- 
dress. "When the time came for placing the stone," 
says Mrs. Perriiie-Mansell, " Miss Thohurn was called 
for, and as sliestejiped upon the platform, the thought 
of all her toil and prayers for this work, and all that 
this occasion must mean to her, made the moment's 
silence clo(|uent." 

" The i)lain marble slab with the words, ' Hanirl 
Warren Afrniorial,' and the date, was set in its niche 
in the wall, and, with the cu.stomary trowel, 
Thohurn declared the stone placed, ' In ihe name of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.' " 


Pliebe Rowe is one of the Eurasian workers. Her 
father was an Kuglish gentleman, her mother a native 
of India. Mrs. Parker calls her " the first answer to 
I)rayer of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society." 
Her wonderful course as a soul-winner began in Miss 
Thoburn's school in 1874, when "chiefly through her 




untiring efforts all the boardeis became Christians." 
She entered the school in 1872, and much of her time 
has been spent in Lucknow, though she often moves 
to other places wlien needed. Her services are varied ; 
now as assistant mis.sionary, teacher, and superintend- 
ent of a girls' boarding-school; then as /enaua worker, 
evangelist, and dea- 
cones.s. After ten 
years, in 1882 she 
was raised to the 
full rank of a mis- 
sionary. The story 
of iier evangelis- 
tic work, togetlur 
with her a.ssi.stanl, 
a Hible woman, 
Caroline Richards, 
is one of triunii)li, 
going from town 
to town and from 
village to village, 
visiting mt'las(hea 
then religious 
fairs), speaking 
from the steps of 
lieathen temples, or 

going immediately among the people, talking with them 
in tlieir huts, gathering them under trees, by the way- 
side, and in city street, wherever she can collect an 
audience. Her fluency in Hindustani and her gentle, 
winning ways, eminently fit her' for this work. Her 
influence over the native Chri.stians is wonderful, 
surpassing that of any missionary, and she is 

Miss I'iiede Kowk. 

3*W!r-***!'W^ • r^M^ 

196 Woman's Forsign Missionakv SociETr. 

probably doing more than any other one person in 
India to build up the common village Christian in 
right living. 

The cold weather is the time for the extended 
trips, when she often remains out for weeks without 
the shelter of a tent, living in nativ<* houses and sub- 
sisting wholly on the food which she is able to iind 
among the people. Many lonx journeys are taken in 
common ox-carts, wWle at other times she pursues 
her journey on foot. She works with her Bible women 
and the native preacher, and men, women, and chil- 
dren are baptized. In .some places the .shrines devoted 
to heinhen deities are torn down before the rite of bap- 
tism is administered. The villages are turned upside 
down, people coming to her until late at night to hear 
more of this new doctrine; and when .she must have, and retires, the brethren continue talking, and — 
with camel-carts and their smoking drivers, .sellers and 
buyers all about — she sweetly sleeps until dawn. Up 
the next day, she secures pony-carts and starts for 
other villages; and, if finding the roads too bad, she 
.se#ds them back, and walks on for a dozen miles or 
more, working in the villages through which .she 
Talks and baptisms follow, and she is very happy in 
the work*- 

In 1887 she was commissioned to bring Florence 
Nickerson home, "one of the dear girls who had 
broken down working for her people." Thty sailed 
January 25th. From the time they went to seal Florence 
daily grew worse, and on the 31st, with tlw little white 
hand clasped by Phebe, the feeble pulse ceased beat- 
ing. "The worn frame was prepared for burial, and 

India. 197 

very gently the strong sailors carried her to the lower 
deck. At half-past nine the steamer was stopped, 
and in the solemn stillness the captain read the bnrial 
service. TUey were in the Gulf of Aden, and the moon 
touched the rippling water with tender light as the 
body was laid down, in sure hope of the resurrection." Rowe came on from Aden alone, and .spent six 
months among those who "not having seen," had yet 
loved her. After she had left for home, truly did Mrs. 
Skidmore say: " The relation of her simple Christian 
experience, and her appreciation of those who have 
gone to India to help the women they did not know, 
has affected us deeply, and for many days we .shall 
hear the echo of her charming voice in the plaintive 
strains of India's native music. One such trophy for as Phebe Rowe is more than compensation for 
a missionary's life of labor and sacrifice, even with the 
loss of health, and we thank God that Lsabella Tho- 
burn, who won her to, ever went to India." 

After her return to India, one of tiie .sweetest of 
Phebe Rowe's hymns, which none ever tired of listen- 
ing to, was publi.shed in the memorial number of the 
Western Christian Advocate for its editor, Dr., at special request the score for the 
music had lieen reduced to writing. 

Her many friends, and especially \hose who li.stened 
to her wonderful voice, and exclaimed, " I never ex- 
pect to see or hear anything like that again this side 
of heaven," or, "It seemed to me the gates of heaven 
stood ajar, and I heard the angels' singing," will 
be glad of this beautiful parting gift of the late editor 
to the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

1 98 Woman 's Fokkion Mission ak y Societv. 
i ueavk it ai,l with jksus. 






I leave it all witli Jesus, 
For he knows 
How beside me 
Safe to j^iiide me 
Through my foeH; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

I leave it all with Jesus, 
For he knows 
Every trial, 
All these blows; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

I leave it all with Jesus, 
I'or he knows 
My contrition 
And submission. 
All my woes; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

1 leave it uU with Jeaws, 
I'or he knows. 
Making duty 
Bright with beauty 
Like the rose; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

t leave it all with Jenus, 
Tor he knows 
What to make me, 
When to take me 
At life's close; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

I leave it all with Jesus, 
For he knows ; 
There I '11 leave me, 
He'll receive me, 
For he knows; 
Jesus knows, 
Yes, he knows. 

• ■nifo. 


India. 199 


The founding of Orphanages was one of the first 
enterprises of Methodist missions in India. The 
first girl received was a poor, weak little crealnre, 
blind of one eye and plain-featured ; but she was a girl, 
and was received by Dr. Butler, the superintendent, 
and his wife in November, 1858, to rear for Jesus and 
his Church. So exceedingly bitter was the jealousy 
of both Hindus and Mohammedans, that up to the 
close of i860 there had been only thirteen received! 
But what the mutiny could not do, the famine made 
easy, and the next year the number increased largely. 
Tlie first Orplianage was established in Lucknow, un- 
der the supervision of Mrs. Pierce. Its origin was 
one of the results of the great Sepoy Rebellion. 
When the English Government was instituting meas- 
ures of relief for the famine orphans, which could be 
only temporary. Dr. Butler considered the fate of the 
rescued children, and thought out an Orphanage to 
save and educate them, and proposed the bold adven- 
ture of taking one hundred and fifty girls and one 
hundred boys, with no means of support and no 
shelter; but believing it to be the right and necessary 
thing to do, trusted that the Lord and his Church would 
sustain him in it. They were sent out to Dr. Butler, 
fifteen or twenty of them to the load, in native hack- 
eries drawn by four bullocks each, and were laid down 
at his door in i860, in all their weakness and forlorn 
condition— so naked, filthy, and ignorant. There 
were girls from twelve or thirteen years down to the 
babe of -three months, for whom a nurse was pro- 
vided. Three-fourths of them were under eleven 


years of ii^e- Most of tlioiii were weak :iii(l emaciated, 
and a few of Uii'iii dyiiiK, whom no care could save. 
About fifteen of them were to«i much reduced in 
strength and vitality to he saved. 

At the death of Mrs. I'ierce in 1S62, her husband 
took charge of the work until Dr. and Mrs. Thomas 
were apiwinted to it, at the close of the year. It out- 
grew its limited accommodations, and was removed at 
tile of iHfij to its |)resent location iuBareilly, a 
site hallowed by the blood of Maria Hoist, a Kurasian, 
who became the first Methodist martyr in India. The 
spot had been ,her home until that memorable Sun- 
day — May 31, i.Ss; — when the outbreak of the mutiny 
came. She was trying to escape from danger ; but 
her flight wa^ intercepted by a .soldier, who cut off 
lier head. The btxly was afterward buried under a 
rose tree in her garden. Theft stands that Oriihanage 
to-day, one of the brightest hopes that i^iines for 
women in tlie Hast, an honor to the American Meth- 
odist Church, a fitting monument to the memory of 
Maria. As the first nund)ers passed out, others came 
to take their ])laces, so that we have today two hun- 
dred girls being trained in the same faitli for which 
Maria gave her life. 

The good fruits of the institution have .so won the 
confidence of all who are aciiuainted with it, that it 
ha.s couijuered prejudice and conciliated the interest 
and good-will of many, even of the native nobility, 
as Veil as the Ivnglish magistrates, from whom the in- 
stitution every year receives additional destitute or- 
phans to be adoi)ted into this Christian home and 
family, and trained freely upon our own principles. 


India. 201 

In April, iS/o.Phc support of the Orphaiiafje was 
assumed l>y the Society, and an appropriation of 
$3,000 was made to carry it on. Miss Fannie J. 
Si)arkes sailed llie same year for India, and was made 
first assistant. The following year she was appointed 
supcr^tendent. After twelve years Miss Fannie M. 
Engtifh was sent to her assistance, and succeeded her 
the next year, in 18H4, as superintendent, which po- 
sition siie still holds, i«95. After a visit in America, 
Miss Sparkes returned in 1SH9, to take up new work 
in Muttra — a Deaconess Home and Training-school- 
hut for family rca.sons was obliged to come home again 
in 1H91. Other missionaries, besides the corps of na- 
tive teachers, who have assisted from time to time as 
superintendent or assistant, have been the Misses 
Kerr, Lawson, Lauck, and Kyle, the latter having 
charge in 1892-93, during Miss luiglisli's vacation. 
The standard of the scliool is liinli. , The first 
girls study as difficult books as boys in the Ciov- 
ernmenl schools, luery dlpartnieul of needlework 
is taught — knitting, crochet, embroider)' — also cook- 
ing. The distinguishing feature from the best secu- 
lar products of our Western civilization is its pur- 
pose to draw all tow.ird Christ in knoule<lge anil 
in life. 

The Orphanage buildings are so arranged as not 
to spoil the girls for their future life, by cultivating 
an expensive IvuroiKau style of living. In one large 
room there are sixteen .sets of stones where the 
girls grind their wheat, two at a mill, as in the 
olden time. 

What tact and patience are necessary when one is 

aoa IVoAfAAf's Fokrign Missionary Society. 

respon.sil)le for the health, nicrals, education, and 
future married life of three hundred girls! 

More than a <|uarlcr of a century after the found- 
ing of this Orphanage, kind friiyuls made it jxissihlc 
for Dr. and Mrs. Hutler ami their daughter to revisit scenes, and as the train moved into Hareilly, at 
two o'clock in the morning, they were made welcome 
by two hundred and eighty girl^^ in white, theological 
students, the missionary raniilies, and a number of 
the members of the Church. In front of all stood 
Miss Sparkes, aiul the nuxuent they siuv friends, 
tjjjjre rose, to the tune of "Old Hundred," the dox- 
ology, in their own language : 

" Till I'll Kliiul.i jo lA mnfrtHi 
Maiiiil us ki karo sail inakliluq 
Iliip, Uiti, Riih ki haiiiil karo !" 

The next day a formal reception was held in 
the Oirls' Orphanage, when an address of welcome 
was given in behalf of the original orphans by one 
of them, who was retained as a leading teawticr. 
When she had concluded, a little nnic-year-old girl, 
an or))han child of the first orphan girl, chrisleneJl 
Alniira Hlake by Dr. Hutler in i.S<i,S, advanced and 
presented the love-offerings to sahib and mem.sahib. 

Dr. Hutler has been able to trace nearly one hun 
dred and thirty of the original orphan girls through 
their school days, and after they left the Orphanage, 
to their present position, in 1S95. The records show 
what they became in the first column, and wl^at has 
been given to our mission in the first twenty-four 
years, in the second column : 


iMHA. ao.^ 

MciHchI wonif * "' 

I)i»Iii'ni««ry ami hoKptlal iiiciHtaiils 5 7 

School uiiil /tiinna Uinliirn >•* i<> 

\Vive» of i-i)I|itiru-urh, 3 5 

Wives nf mlliMiluacllftll ^ >4 .M 

\Vivr« of inhorttrs S " 

Wivm of I.hhI preacluTH eiii|il(iyeil ia the work, . . I4 Vi 

Wives of meiiiliers of Ci>iifireiue '" '*' 

A total of Chrisliaii wurkcm 87 iHi 

Besides this, it has furnished wives to Christian 
farmers, tradesineii, etc., 7S ; a Krand total of J59 
Christian women, leaviii(r ahoiit 50 of the ,^o<; re- 
ceived to be accounted for by deaths, removals, etc., 
and indndiiiK an ascertained total of 124 of the orig- 
inal number, 150. 

In 1883, Miss Sparkcs reported that, of the 125 
Rirls that hod married out of the Oi plianage in the 
nine years previous to tliat date, 101 were eii^aKed 
in mission work alter their marriage, either as teach- 
ers or Bible women. 

Miss luiKlish, in 1HS4, had as,sociatcd with her 
Miss l':ilen D'Abreti. There have been encouraKe- 
nieiits and discoura^;ements— the usual vicissitudes 
in tlie years that have followed. vSometime during 
the year, usually during vacation, special revival 
services are held, sometimes with the assistance of 
others, as in 18HK, when Miss Isabel Leonard helped 
the girls in Chri.s'ian living. Miss l'hel)e Rowe has 
also rendered like assistance. In 188S a Girls' Mis- 
sionary Society was organized, with fifty members, 
who make lace, or do other extra work outside of 
regular hours, to pay their pice, which amounts to 
rupees, and thus they are enabled to support a 

J04 ITi >.!/. ly 's /•( >KHi(-N AfisstoNAiiy SociKTr. 

villiiK*-" stlnxil lor Christian v,\rU. Miu-li interest is 
•iliowii in tliiir niontlilv nui'tiiins, writinK essays, 
rtiHJinn dilutions, ^in^inK. i-'li". They also have n 
winniii's class, ami finii Ki'ls' class inietings weekly, 
besides two >(icicties of ICpworth I.eajfite. 

The siiiK-riiitcndciil moves aroniid anionK the 
villages, looking after the v^\r\s who have married, 
nnd is >;reatly cnconraKed to see them leadinK lives 
of faithfnhicss and de\ otion to the Master's work. 

Since 1SH4 the nnnd)cr of ori)lians has >rradually 
diminished from 2S0 to 200. This is to he accounted 
for ill part hy other schools providing for those in 
their localijy. During the ten years of Miss \',\\%- 
lish's supcrintcndency we have gleantul a partial re- 
jHirt from the North Inilia Conference Minutes, and 
find in seven of those years 109 have married out of 
lliu M^hiiol; in nine of the ten years vS have been 
taken li\ dc.ith, the largest number in any one year 
heiiiK ■-c\cii. In four of the years, 106 have joined 
the Cluirch in full connection, and a number on pro- 
bation. Ill 1.S94 a kiiuKruarlen was added. During 
Miss l!iiv,'lisb's serious illness by typhoid fever that 
year, Miss Clarke had charge of the school, and faith- 
fully dischar),'c(l the duties devolving upon her, until 
her strength n'vc Way and she became ill. 

In addition, the work of the Orphanage has 
crmN*^ the work of the Parent Hoard, equalized 
coiiKfegjitions. and rendered a perfect social Chris- 


P.Mkl. — In 1X72 the Society decided to establish 
an orphanage in I'anri. I'nder the supervision of 
Mrs. Wilson and Mrs. Gill, the .school increased in in- 

<'i(>?^^f^i9!w^rrrji^f.:r:>:^:v - ■ >'si9T;iwa«r?^TW 

tereat and iiizeiaiul in 1N74, Ahiiirn Dlake, the first 
girl received into tin- Hurcilly OrpliaiuiKe, was ap- 
pointed matron and teaclier. There were then fotir- 
teen Rirls. In iH<)i there were seventy-two enrolled. 
The teaching has always been done hy native Chris- 
tian women and the pnpils, wiio have liven trained in 
a normal class by tile married lad> missionaries. Mrs. 
McMahon and Mrs, Whitby have also snptrintended 
the work. During camp-meeting season the girls some- 
times walk from sixteen loiiKhly miles to attend them. 
Among the orphans are many be^iring the well known 
and honored names of missionary woniin scattered up 
and down the home land, tlicrcby (llililcraliiin the dis- 
tingnishing of Hindns from Ivnrasians or Europeans 
in consequence. 

There is also an Orphanage of sixty cliildrcir in 
Madras, and one in Kolar of fifty innrv. In Rangoon, 
Hnrma, oiver fifty Anglo Indian and luirasiaii chil- 
dren are being taught in an or])lianage occupying a 
spacious building in the compound of the dirls' 
School, which lias l>een specially renieml)ere<l by the 
captains in the harbor, and the battery stationed at 



Methodists have been led to give more attention 
to Sunday-school work than any other nii.ssion in 
India, and coiisi<iuentlv lead all tlie missionary organ- 
izations in this work. At the close of i.Si)^ not less 
thaij yo.ofm children were reported in atteiid.Tiice in Iii- 
•dia and Malaysia. Thirty years befoie, Sunday-schools 
had little more than a nominal existence. Tlie few 
Knglish Churches in the cities had made a beginning 
in a more or less formal way. and also a beginning 

''^i^^'^'ff^'lll^'r^'T^'^T-^^ ■ 


hnd been made ntnoiii^the Iiiilinn convert.t in most 
part!* of the country. "To Kev. Thomas Craven Im;- 
lon){s tile honor of iiiaUKuratinK Sundny-M'hool work, 
in 1H71, among tht heathen," says Hishop Tholmrn. 
tie lie^an l>y taking; the Sunday-scliiM>l to the hoys 
whenever he eonld get a K^uiip "f Hin(hi\J)oys to- 
Ki-thcr— at first in out oftlie way places, afterward 
in the streets- indnciiiK tlieni to join in sinking 
simple hymns to native airs, and then gettiiiK all 
the hoys in the several dayscluMils to come to- 
gether on Sniulay for singing and Scripture recita- 
tions. Hishop Thohiirn thought, "Of course nothing 
could Iw done among the girls, for the sufficient rea- 
son that in those days girl.s' day-si-hoojs had hardly 
become known." But wliile the brother siiid "of 
course," the .sister. Miss I.sabella Thoburn, began what 
is I)elieve<l to be the first girls' Snn<lay'.scho<>l of non- 
Chri.stiau girl,s, on her porch, allowing the men to dis- 
cuss the feasibility. Another account is furnished by 
Miss Thoburn as follows: "A Bible wom.Tii, living in 
a heathen neighborhood, began gathering the women 
who could come, au<l the children, into her home on 
Sunday afternoons. She ha<l them well in hand be- 
fore I s;iw the school. I think it was in the second 
month when she asked nie to go and see it. A day- 
.school grew out of it. (I think this was the first 
heathen Sunday-school of any kind in Lucknow.) ' 
In March, 1.S72, Miss Thoburn taught a girl.s' Sun- 
day-school by themsi-lves, in a little room in the corner 
of the conrt^all Hindus, all very poor; for only 
(laughters of jioor jK'ople are allowed to come out 
in the .streets. The girls would bring their baby 




Boyiand • KuranUn (Irl. wtiopoMiU iwrrm rumlnallnn hjr r«Ulii| all the Golden TnU aiKl aclrctcd 
Tcrwt fif the Intwotu of the year in the Huiiday-KChiwU of l.ucknuw, nuw muuntifiv an elephant to ride to tht 
Chrlaiinaii rirnli 

*»,7'TiJ?rj.7'"~ .'"fi J • .■r',>T--^ -r-- "<(.•.■ .1 ■.■■..', -iv 

■ '«P^^v/'v;j7'-^^yi;7''"^- »w*^»'Vi ^, '^ p''^^' V 



brothcm and wislerH aloiiK, and one tinic, when there 
were twenty nirltt, wven Imbit'H lanic also. 

Thirc W.IH sinKinK. npiatniK tlic Lord's Prayer, que* 
tions and talkiiiK, and Ix-fori- ilic iliildnn went away, 
a ticket with a text on it was ^iven tlieni, which they 
Wire made to rejH;at until it was learned l)y heart. 
Tliey could ut rend, but they liked the pretty red and 
hliie cards, and took ilieni home, where their fathers 
could see and read them, and so get a hit of the Sun 
day school l.;s.son, too. The hoys' Sunday school hail 
Ijrown to one hundred in atten<laucc, and the day after 
Christmas a festival was held and prizes <listrilmted. 
Twc) hundred dnldrcn were at the ftte ; hut in 1S7J 
there Were i,{x)<)' The missionaries talked alMiut it in 
exclamatory sentences, it was so wonderful and so 
full of encouraging promise. The Sunday sch(M)ls had 
been growiu)^ .iiul multiplyiug all the year; hut the 
si^ht of the procession made up of Christian Hindus 
and Mohainmedaus, with their colored hauliers with 
Scri|)ture texts, and siuniuK as they marched, was won- 
derful. In 187.^ the girls' schools had increased from 
two to seven, and was considered the nu)st encourag- 
ing part of the work among girls and women. Miss 
Jennie Tinsky (Mrs. Waugh I designed and superin- 
tended the making of the first banner of the first 
heathen Sunday scluxd organized, .says Dr. Craven, 
who presented the .same .several years ago to Mrs. 
Coweii at Lakeside camp-meeting. 

Once started, llie work spread rapidly, and exper- 
iments made in other stations besides Lucknow 
proved in every way successful. 

In !,H73, Miss Blackmar thus describes a school 
anuing the heathen in Lucknow: "A .score or more 

rrjjww-.'iiwwsrT^'SBTs?' <7!T;*i,.,7 ^ i^' '•'jW' 

t iio Woman's FoKHiuy Mumonahy Socikty. 

of CUKCT. hri^litfytd KirN, in ruK" uiul 'lift, crowded 
toKL'tlicr on n pivir ol niiittiiiK in u sinull, dark room, 
in whii-li there 'v\,H no turnitun-, »iivf two or thrt-f low 
tmnilxKi MTiits. Sonif rt'i-iU'<l thi- CuininiindnientM and 
Catfcliisin, and wcri' so di-li^fhtt'd ti> sin^ onr pretty 
hynin>i ! Sonic of the di.HconraKetnents were appar- 
«tnt when a woman came and ordered two ol the 
hriKlitewt K'rls away, l)ecuil*e they were hetnrthed, 
and their lrien<ls were afrnid the marriage would be 
l)rokiMi off if the K'rls were taught to read. Scripture 
texts in the Hindu character were distributed, and 
some would learn one every Sabbath. A brijjht k'^I 
of alH)ut ten y«ars did not remember hers one dny ; 
on inipiirinK the reason, slie Haiil 'her brideKr>K>ni 
came.' Aflother was absent. She had ' goire to tie 
married.' " 

In souie of llii'se schools, when the collection i.s 
taken it consist.s of cowries (little shells used as pieces 
of money in the North, the wlnat-belt of In<lia. It.s 
value is about iiixuh part of an American cent). In 
other .schools the women ^\\v pice, ^rain, etc. There 
are upward of 501) Suiulay schools for girls, with 
about i,joo scholars, in Iiulia. 


MoRAD.VHAD.— While it is impo.ssible to .sketch all 
the boarding schools for girls in India, the one at Mo- 
radabad must not be pas.sed over, not simply because 
of its career of wonderful prosperity, so long under 
the fostering CJit of Mrs. Iv W. Parker, but espe- 
cially it furnished a text of this kind of work 
for the mis,sion. The necessity for this .school grew 
out of the fact that the native Christians in the vil- 


/SD/.I. , 111 

loged of the KurroiinditiK country were livitiK no Hcnt- 
tercd that it was ini|Mmsil>lr to provide for thi* eihica 
tioii of their children iit home. The parents couhl not 
read, and the native paHtorit, in their long tourN of 
visitntiiin ainon^ the people, could not do much iti 
thin direction; so tl|iit it was felt the only way to ilo 
wa.s to gather the ^irls e?tpecially into hoarding- 
scho<d.s at Mime central point. It \va», however, a 
long time hcfor<? any girU could lie taught to read ; and 
it was contrary to cuHtonito allow daughters to leave 
home before marriage. The native preachers, even, 
Were hot ready for this innovation on UingestalilislAd 
custom. A small lieginning was made with two girls 
in |M6K. M;-)*. I^rkcr'it plnn was, aft< r giving them a 
simple education, to send them hack again to their 
homes, where they might he expected to act like so 
much leaven among the native Christians in the vil- 
lages. She was to return to this country on leave, 
and finding it impossible to arrange for the girls in 
Moradaliad, she made them over to Mrs. Zahur-nl- 
Ha(|(i, in Amroha, whose hushnnd was the first con- 
vert, hnpti/eil hy Dr. Humjihrey in 18.S9. There were 
twenty three in the school in i«72. and McMil- 
lan was appointed niissionar)- in charge. Hurly in 
187,^ it was <lecided that the sch(K)l should be perma- 
nently located in Moradabad. When the Society was 
organized, it took control, and in 1H7.") erected a build- 
ing for a Home. The school continued to grow, until, 
in 18H3, there were 115 enrolled, of whom 100 were 
boarders; and in i8<)3 there were 172 girls. They 
came from fifty-six villages. The Society was repre- 
sented by Mi.sscs Dc Vine and Kawson from 1884 to 
to 1887. The Lank and Downey superintended 

Jia lVO.ifAJV'S FOKEION Misaio.VAKY SociETr. 

zenana work in 1889 and 1890. Then Miss Mansell, 
Miss Day, and Miss Kemper were in the school from 
1 89 1 to 1895. Three women 'physicians have been 
sent there from time to time. In 1892 the scliool re- 
ceived recognition by the Director of Public Instruc- 
tion as an Anglo- Vernacular High .School. In 1894 
kindergarten methods were introduced ; two girls were 
passed in the entrance examinations, the first in Ro- 
hilkund, with its population of 20,000 Christians. 
They are now in the lyiicknow Woman's College. If 
the success of a school were determined by the re- 
turns yielded in mis.sion workers, thq .success of this 
school is beyond question. The twenty-fifth anni- 
versary was celebrated by the 500 Christian women and 
children from the city, the school-girls, with several 
former ones who were working elsewhere, and Mrs. 
Parker. In 1895, Kemper had associated with 
her work Miss Dudley, from Ailstra'ia, with a staff 
of twelve teachers who had been educated in the 

There are also in Moradabad the Goucher Schools. 
Some years ago Dr. Qoucher, of Baltiniore, undertook 
not only to support 100 village .schools, but also to give 
a .scholarsliiptolhemost promising boy or girl from each 
.school, entitling the pupil to go to a central .school in 
Moradabad, and receive an advanced education. " This 
plan," says Bishop Thoburn, "has worked admirably, 
and already a large number of our best workers have 
gone forth from these schools." Tliey are doing an 
important work in the mohullas and near villages in 
giving instruction to women and girls, and also teach- 
ing who have not been baptized, but who are 
anxious for religious teaching. 

India. ixj, 


Calcutta. — The great necessity for training the 
children of English-.spcaking parent.s for future mis- 
.sionary labor became an conviction with the 
missionaries, and in 1876 a school was started in Cal- 
cutta, and an urgent request made of the Society for a 
sui>erior teacher, which was responded to in 1878 with 
Miss Laytou. She found tfce school greatly in need 
of help, with its thirty-five boarders and eighty day- 
pupils. This was the first work undertaken by the 
Society in the South India Conference, and was pro- 
vided for as the other .self-supporting work. In three 
years the school was full to overflowing, and no more 
applicants could be received. One hundred and fifty 
girls, few of whom were Europeans or natives — by far 
the larger number were Eurasians — were instructed 
there in 1879. Several were native girls belonging to 
influential families, .some were daughters ofniission- 
aries, and others repre.sented the families of barristers. 
Besides these, came the daughters of Armenians, 
and Bengalis, Burmese, Africans, Germans, Italians, 
and Portugese. 

Early in 1885 the foundations of a new building 
were laid. Although the .structure is perfectly plain, 
and no money has been expended on it except to make 
it commodious, airy, and convenient, the cast, includ- 
ing the grounds, was over $40,000, a verj' large sum 
being required for the .site. It accommodates one 
hundred boarders. For several years Mrs. J. S. lu- 
.skip carried on quite a in this land for the 
building fund, after her evangeli.stic tour through the 
empire, and though for some years a considerable 



314 Woman's Foreign Missionary Soc/sry. 


debt remained, the interest was ;nuch less than the 
rent of the inferior buildings formerly occupied. 

Owing to the threatened war with Russia, the Gov- 
ernment canceled the grants for 1885, of 33,000 ru- 
pees, leaving the school in desperate straits. This 
had become the largest Protestant school in the city 
in 1889, and the largest .school under the care of the 
Society. The building is the best — perhaps the finest — 
in the East belonging to Methodism. It is .said no 
work connected with the Society has cost so little and 
yielded so much. In i88g there were two hundred 
pupils, and thirteen teachers besides the American. 
For eight years Miss Layton remained at the head, 
much of the time in feeble health, and at the of 
18H6 reluctantly presented her resignation, and was 
succeeded by Miss Hedrick. After five years' ab- 
.sence, she joyfully and hopefully returned to India. 
After three months' work in the Cawnpore English 
School, she was suddenly seized with cholera, April 
22, 1892, and in twelve hours her remains were laid to 
rest "out in the fields" in Cawnpore. In 1889, Miss 
Knowles became .superintendent, and introduced a 
Musical Department, stenography, and typewriting, 
the latter meeting with much favor among business 
men. A kindergarten was opened in 1893 by Miss 
'.,^arris, with forty children and a training class. 
During fifteen years at least one hundred Eura.sian 
young women went forth as active workers. For 
some years there had been a purpose to open a 
branch of the Calcutta Girls' School in DarjeeHpg, 
which was consummated in December 1893, ajfJJ in 
April, 1894, Miss Knowles reported sixteen larders 
and one day pupil. 

^ iNDfA. - • ?I5 

Cawnpore. — A school was opened in Cawnpore 
in 1874, property was pui||bhased costing about $7,000, 
and Miss ITaston sent otit to superintend it in 1878. 
It was to receive at first ajnionthly grant frcnii the Gov- 
ernment of $25, biiP'othiSpwise to be self-supporting. 
This school fm the bauiiis of the Ganges first raised 
the banner for the higher education of girls in India, 
one of its pupils, Miss D'Abreu, the first lady niatric- 
uliite from the Northwest Provinces in a Calcutta en- 
trance examination ever to have passed. She subse- 
quently received the degree of Hachelor of Medicine 
at Madras. When larger accommodations became 
necessary. Miss Easton raised $6,000 on the ground, 
and then confidently applied to the General Execu- 
tive Committee for $1,500, though the e.stimated value 
was $10,000. In 1886 she returned for a much- 
needed rest, and Miss Harvey .succeeded her, until, in 
1890, her health became impaired, and Miss McBurnie 
took charge. Three years later the superintendency 
devolved on Miss Lauck. The Conference decided to 
change the location in iSijcl to the Boys' Memorial 
School, and continue a department of small boys. 
This was an experiment, many in India disapproving 
of mixed schools ; but the arrangement was satisfac- 
torily made. The grant-in-aid for 1891 was 3,600 
rupees. For years this school has yielded teachers 
of a'^iigher grade, and zenana workers, 'besides stu- 
dents for the medical college, thoroughly equipped 
spiritually, morally, and intellectually, as earnest, 
educated, enthusiastic Christian workers, with the 
gift of vernacular speech, a knowledge of native 
opinion and character, and power to live and labor in 
their own country at a comparatively small cost, giv- 

a i6 Woman's Foreign Missio.\ary Socmry. 

ing them great advantage over a foreign missionary, 
and may indefinitely augment their power. 

Naini Tal. — An Ivnglish school was needed in 
Naini Tal, and as " need is the basis of the worker's 
faith," it was opened I'ebruary i, 18H1, with nine pu- 
pils by Miss Kuowles, she having previously rented 
a house for the exact amount of her salary, guaranteed 
for one year by the Society. It closed in November 
with twenty -one pupils, six of whom were boarders. 
With no certain dwelling-place and inferior accommo- 
dations, there was a struggle for life the finst few 
years. Then a Building Committee was appointed of 
Bros. Waugh, Parker, Thomas, Baunie, and the 
Misses Thoburu, Blackmore, and Kaston, who decided 
to borrow the money, \ Knowles to meet the in- 
terest from the income of the school, besides keeping 
up the running, and paying the salaries of 
the teachers, and purchase a site and erect suitable 
buildings adapted to future needs. The work was 
commenced in 1 886, trusting to the Government to f 
furnish one half the cost, as promi.s^d in the ncwii 
Educational Code, and completed in 1887 at a cost of 
$26,000. The English Government gave $3,000. On 
account of failing health, Miss Knowles resigned, and 
Miss Easton, who had enjoyed a year of rest in this 
land, succeeded her. She was authorized to borrow 
$10,000 in India, and pay the balance due on the 
property, and in August, 1893, was able to say " out of 
debt;" but a new building was needed, and on it ".she 
put a mortgage of hard work and careful economy." 
Nothing was asked of the Society but a good kinder- 
gartner, which was met in Miss Butcher. In 1892 the 

'fl^- ^:pp^«;^>:i5fi^";';,OT»r:fff;-;f -.^iVfJ^ti^fr^^ffr^^^ 

India. 917 

Government paid Rs. 4,S49 ($1,616) grant-in-aid 
earned. The first girl .sent up for the entrance exam- 
ination pa.s.sed in 1S87. The number sent up in 189,^ 
wa.s over fifty. In 1894 the teaching .staff con.sisted of 
three missionaries an<l nine other teachers. There 
were ninety-seven boarders and twelve day scholars. 
Forty-three passed middle, and three entrance exami- 
nations. For tuition and board 4,539 rupees were 
received, which, with the grant-in-aid, amounted to 
9,663. This is the VVellesley of India. It was called 
the Slater High School for a time, in memory of a 
Michigan woman, whose bequest, made in 1871, was 
applied on the first property. 

Mis.sionaries send their daughters to this beautiful 
.sanitarium for education. In 1893 " sweet KleanorGill" 
pas.sed swiftly through the pearly gates into the city. 
" No other influence, it would seem," says Miss Kaston, 
" could have worked out more good among tlie girls ; 
the seed fell upon prepared ground, and it has brought 
forth fruit." 

Rangoon. — In 1881. Miss Kllen Wlarner, glad to 
give her best for the Master, was appointed to open a 
.school in Rangoon, on the .self-.snpporling plan. The 
Government of British Burma donated nine building 
lots, on an eligible site, valued at 1,600 rupees; in 
cash, as a building fund, 10,000 rupees, and 900 for 
furniture. The close of the first year found her with 
a new building, property valued at $15,000, a reputa- 
tion established, and a .school of one hundred pupil.s. 
The following year Miss McKisson was .sent to her 
assistance. , The religious spirit of the school, its 
effect upon the community as a fAder to the Meth- 

2 1 8 Woman 's Foreign Missionary Soc/etk ■ 

odist Church, make it one of the best of its kind in 

the East. Two hundred and ten scholars were en- 
rolled in 18.S8, seventy of them boarders. An Orphan- 
age grew out of the school, a woman's workshop was 
established, and work among the Uurmese started. 
The work done was felt in a dozen directions, and 
strengthened every interest of the Church in Burma. 
" In the Church and on tlie street, in the coffee- 
rooms and on board ship, in the school and in the 
Orphanage, these missionaries were instant in season 
and out of sea.son." One of the pupils greatly as- 
sisted Bishop Thol>urn as an interpreter, when he 
opened work among the lUirmese. Both Miss War- 
ner and Miss McKisson married, and Mi.sses Wisner 
and I'erkins carry on the work. A kindergarten was 
added, and in 1892 a thoroughly-organized gymnasium, 
with American methods, adopted under the sanction of 
the Director of Public Instruction. This is the first 
girLs' school to undertake this training. In 1892 a Bur- 
mese school was begun on the veranda of the parson- 
age, that in three weeks had twenty-seven children, the 
teaching being largely vohintary. .scholars 
were of tlic better, and paid a tuition fee of, 
from eight annas to one rupee per montlj. Applica- 
tion was soon made for board, and a boarding-school 
could be seen by faith in the near future. 

■SiiNr..\PORE. — The Society provided the agent. 
Miss Fo.ster, of the Columbia River Branch, and 
Bishop Thoburn, at the Conference in 1894, appointed 
her to the task of opening a school for Knglish-speak- 
ing girls in Singapore. It w-as done, May 4th, in the 
Deaconess Home, with eleven pupils, which increased 

ISDIA. 319 

to thirty-one during; the year. The school has made 
excellent progress, and serves a most important mis- 
sion in providing an institution where Christian girls 
can receive an education unmixed with either Roman 
Catholic or ritualistic instruction. 

These schools for European and Eurasian children 
are a special feature of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
in India, and are reckoned anio{igthe results of Bishop 
Taylor's work there. The Society pays the outgoing 
expenses, and sometimes the salary during the first 
year, of the teachers sent out. 

A uni(iuf department oi the Theological School in 
Hareilly was founded by Mrs. T.J. Scott in 1869, the 
year after that .school was opened by her husband. Dr. 
vScott. 'Some of the students liad ignorant wives, fresh 
from the villages, and Mrs. .Scott felt it her duty to 
get the women fitted to be preachers' wives and help- 
ers, and in a very unpretentious way began her train- 
ing-school with six women, on her veranda, holding 
it for three hours daily. Every year the .school grew 
in numbers and in interest, until it was made a rule 
that all the wives of students unemployed should at- 
tend ; and without a regular school-room or large corps 
of tcacliers, it has become quite an institution of itself. 
For years the enrollment has been from forty-five to 
fifty women, and in 1H90 it required four recita- 
tion-room.s. Two verandas helped supply this need. 
Many of the women were not only beginners in sec- 
ular knowledge, but had to be taujjht the rudiments 
of Christianity. As time went on, a four years' Bible 
readers' course of study' was adopted. This became 


"Wtv* '••4\»»ffV.s.'?"^, 


the curriculum of the Woman's School, so far as they 
are enough advanced for it. They pass their final ex- 
aminations at the District Conference, and receive cer- 
tificates from the Committee on Examinations. These 
women learn under difficulties. They* have all their 
household duties to perform, and nearly every one 
has children to care for. It was a great boon to the 
mothers, as well as of incalculable value to the little 
ones themselves, when, in 1893, Mrs. Neeld opened a 

The school has daily Bible-readings, lectures giv- 
ing in.structions in physiology, hygiene, and .subjects 
that are of importance to them as wives and mothers. 
They have talks on sanitation, care of children, 
treatment of sore eyes, fevers, and diarrhea. All are 
trained to work in the Suntlay-school. There is a 
regular class and prayer meeting for them, a Mission 
•Band, King's Daughters, a Dorcas Society,, and an 
Epworth League. ~ 

About 150 have already gone out, with their hus- 
bands, prepared to work, and many of then) are help- 
meets indeed ; >ea, more, they do what their husbands 
can not do — that is, enter the homes of their village 
sisters, and talk and read to them. Tliey teach, too, 
by example. Their neat, clean houses, tidy little ones, 
correct lives, and becoming dress, show what Chris- 
tianity can do for the women of India. Some have 
schools for little girls. The iuflueuee they exert is 



The Kolar Mission has a unique historj-. It was 
founded l)y Louisa IJ. Anstey, an English lady, 
during the great Indian famine of 1877, and fostered 



* India. j2i 

by her with ^1 a mother's tenderness for th^Q^ 
years, when she felt it had outgrown her ability to 
provide for its needs, and made it over, in August, 
1890, tP the Methodist Episcopal Church. There was 
an Orphanage for boys, and one for girls, a church, 
dispensary, and four Christian villages, thre^ of which 
contain chapels. The Society received its part as a 
.sacred heritage of work among the women and girls 
of Kolar. It consi.sts of Bible-women's \work, a day- 
school, and an Orplwnage of fifty girls, both large 
and small. Many are Christians. " 


Isaikot (the Christians' Fort) is what Miss Budden 
calls her little .settlement of Woman's Refuge, Girls' 
School, and Mission Home. For some years a scliool 
had been carried on by Mrs. Gray, until, in 1879, there 
was gathered out of it the nucleus of a Christian Home, 
and the services of Annie Budden, her sister, secured 
to care for it. Mrs. Dr. Newman, from the^. sales of 
" Flowery Orient," and a woman in India, provided 
money for the buildings, which were erected from 
stone taken from the land which had been purcha.sed. 
The cultivatwn of the farm has made the work from 
the start practically self-supporting, the women and 
. girls putting in rice, wheat, and other grains. At the 
harvest season Miss Budden spends about .seven hours 
daily with the women. During the rest of the year 
they are kept in school. In iSSt, Florence Nick- 
erson, whese grave is in the Indi.m Ocean, rendered ^d^ 
valuable aid by taking the boarding-school, and tlft f 
following year wasassisted by Miss Rowe. In 1886 

the farm wgrfc-^w, cattle were bought, approprw--/ 

222 IVoMAy 's Foreign MissioNARr Society. 

tions made for plowmen and a farm manager, and 
many improvements were added through the generos- 
ity of friends in America, a corn-sheller, corn-grinder, 
Fairbanks' scales, besides the fodder-cutter and grind- 
stone bought in India. A windmill was also secured 
in America, and was put up without the aid of an en- 
gineer, directed by Miss Undden. Early in 1877, ■''•'' 
she was returning from a tiiree years' enforced ab.sence 
in America, she was received with an ovation eight 
miles long, as she was first met by her adopted daugh- 
ter, Kllen Hayes, accompanied by the native pastor 
and doctor; then, later in the day, by a large gatheringi 
with flags and banners, and clean, white chuddars; and 
then ^y the men and boys, servant.s of the house and 
farm, and some of the first women, and " dear Mrs. 
Grant," who had cared for her " little ones " during 
her absence. When she got back into her daitdi, ."or a 
.short distance the four plowmen picked it up and car- 
ried her in triumph. Tliere were flowers, and arches, 
and mottoes, songs of welcome, and loving embraces, 
strong arms that bore her along, two at a time, of the 
happy girls, making the merriest, happiest procession 
ever seen in that valley. 

There was a marked and steady improvement in 
every branch of the work ; but a terrible scourge of 
cholera broke in upon all this prosperity. Miss Budden 
removed her women and girls to a hill country twelve 
miles distant, leaving the farm and cattle and store- 
rooms, the grain uncut and ungathered,„and faced the 
problem of feeding all these people. The coolies were 
panic-stricken, and fled. Several of the women and 
girls died, and no one would come to dig a grave. . 
Six of the native Christian women, on the death of a 

• India. 223 

woman, with spades and hoes, went with Miss Bud- 
deu on the sad burial errand. They tied up the body 
in a blanket, and carried it out, and buried it, after a 
short prayer, in the Rrave they had dug. This was 
six o'clock in the morning, and at .six in the evening 
they did the same for another woman. 

There was another visitation of cholera in 1 889 ; 
l)nt not nearly so severe, and that time the servants 
did not leave. 

Ill 1894 the work consisted W the school, Home, 
seven village .schools, the church scivi^e, a Christian 
community, two Epworth Leagues, a Missionary So- 
ciety, eighteen Ready-workers' Hands, two Bible- 
readers' classes, and a medical class. In 1892, Dr. 
Sheldon was appointed to Pithoragarh, and she and 
Miss Buddeii followed tlie example set by Tho- 
burn in 1889, and now adopted by thirteen or more 
iiii.vsioiiaries, of accepting only half salary, on the 
Deacones.s plan. 


In April, i89,-(, Budden and Dr. Sheldon went 
a four days' journey toward the eternal snows, to 
Darchula, prospecting among the Bhotiyas for a new.» 
mission center. They found a hopeful field, and e.s- 
tablished a Deaconess Home, or rather one for sum- 
mer and one for winter, for these migratory people, 
introiluciiig native Christian women for helpers, one 
of the women becoming' the first Hiiidu.stani deacon- William K. Blackstone contributed the money 
for the " Flora Deaconess Home," and the North India 
Conference, in 1895, appointed Dr. Sheldon to this 
work. She was fortunate in taking one of Miss Bud- 
den's schoolgirls along, who proved to be a pure 

■ ■■.■T«»r.T,^7> 

a^ H^oAfA/v 's Foreign Missiosary Socrtrr. 

Thibetan, who will help mightily turn this key that 
may unlock the hitherto ini])regiinljle Tliil)et. The 
doctor has started girls' schools in four places, and 
has more than twenty girls reading. The Bhotiyas 
have no written language. She also practices med- 


In the fall of 1891 the Society was startled over 
the information re/beived concerning Mary Reed. 
She went to Indij in 1884, aii^l after four years in 
Cawnpore and one\iu>Gonda, returned home in Janu- 
uary, 1890, much broken in health. She went to 
Christ's Hospital, Cincinnati, early in the year 1891, 
for treatment, and was obliged to give serious atten- 
tion to a troublesome .sore on the end of her right 
forefinger. Several physicians had examined it ; but 
as none of them had ever seen aiiything of the kind 
they did not consider it at all serious. After several 
remedies had failed, amputation was proposed. We 
prefer to give the account of this affliction as pub- 
lished by Bishop Thoburn, in his " Light in the 
East," and will quote from him: "One day while 
lying in bed, Miss Reed was somewhat li.stlessly tap- 
ping the counterpane with her finger as a relief from 
the dull pain which slie had felt for some time, and 
thinking of God's dealings with her in her past life, 
when suddenly, and so very distinctly that she could 
not misunderstand it, it seemed to be said to her, 
although no voice spoke: 'The trouble with your 
finger is leprosy ; you must return to India, and re- 
pair at once to the leper asylum at Pithoragarh, and 
devoUi the rest of your life to teaching the jioor lepers 
who are inmates of iliat place.' Up to that hour not 



India. 227 

a thought had for a moment crossed her mind that 
the sore on her finger might be a symptom of leprosy, 
and to this day she is unable to account for the inti- 
mation received, except by assuming, as she ddes 
without hesitation, that God, by his Spirit, revealed 
it to her. She could not remember any occasion on 
which she had been brought into personal contact 
with a leper, in such a way as to liave contracted this 
terrible disease, and to this day we can hardly con- 
jecture how she ever became subject to it. 

"When the hospital surgeon called later in the 
day. Miss Reed told him faithfully what had passed 
in her mind, and assured liini that she had no doubt 
now as to what troubled her finger. Had she even 
thought of it sooner, she would have recognized it 
long before that eventful hour, but the thought had 
never crossed her mind. The surgeon, who was an 
able and experienced physician, tried to di.ssuade her 
from taking so serious a view of the case; but as he 
never in his life had seen a case of leprosy, he told 
her that he would look up the. medical authorities 
carefully, and see her the following day. When he 
returned next day, a glance at his face showed but 
too clearly, to what conclusion his studies had led 
him. While hardly able to suppress his tears, he in 
hesitating words told his patient that there/ was 
reason to fear that her surmise had not been alto- 
gether incorrect, l)ut that in so important a case he 
would not give a final decision until a consultation 
was held. This took place without delay, and the 
consulting physicians were compelled to admit that 
Miss Reed had not been mistaken in her statement. 
' To make perfectly sure, however, she was .sent to an 

3i8 Woman 's /•'okkign Missionaky SociETr. 

expert in New York, a gentleman who had seen many 
cases of leprosy,, and he, too, confirmed the decision 
arrived at in Cincinnati. There was, therefore, no 
alternative but to accept the .ippalling fact that this 
consecrated ChristiaI^^vorke^ hitd become subject to a 
disease which is, perhaps, dreaded more than any 
other in the world. 

"From the very first it was noticed by Miss Reed's 
friends, that she herself did not seem at all crushed 
by her cruel discovery. On the other hand, .she 
seemed to accept her mission as if directly assigned 
to her from on high, and from that moment made no 
other plan, and talked of no other plan, than that of 
going at the earliest possible day to her distant mis- 
sion. For obvious reasons, the awful discover)' was 
kept from the public for a short time, during which Reed made a farewell visit to her mother. She 
had written that, for important reasons, she thought 
it ^o return to India immediately, and when she 
met her mother she told her casually, in the course of 
conversation, that for a special reason she had formed 
the singular resolve never to kiss any one again, and 
that she mentioned it in advance, so that her mother 
might not think .strangely of it if she parted from 
her, without giving her a farewell kiss. The mother 
did not coniprdiend her meaning, but supposing that 
sheUiad sufficient reason for forming so singular a 
resolution, she asked for no explanation and let the 
niattir pass. The farewell words were spoken, and 
the fArewell embrace given, but the afflicted daughter 
bade adieu to her sorrowing mother, knowing that 
she would meet her no more in this world, without 
enjoying the luxury of a farewell kiss. 

" She hastened back to India ns rapidly as possi- 
ble, but stopped long enouRh in London to consult 
Sir Joseph Fayrcr, the most eminent authority en 
all Indian diseases to be fpund in *lhe world. Sir 
Joseph K^nted her a prolonged interview, and 
treated her with the utmost kindness, but was unable 
to nio<lify in llie slightest degree the verdict of the 
American physiciif^ He gave her, however, the 
latest remedies, and a few monographs on the sub- 
ject of leprosy, which have since proved of value 
to her. 

"Arriving in India, Miss Reed proceeded at once 
to Pithoragarh, which is a remote station in Kumaon, 
among tlie Himalaya Mountains. I met her in 
Almora, in September, 1H91, and had tJie plea.sure, 
which was by no means a melanciioly^pleasurc, of 
listc-tiing to the story of her trials and triumphs, and 
cheering her on her way. I am glad to say that 
leprosy, although a terril)le affliction at best, is by no 
ilieaus so dreadful a disease as is commonly suppo.sed 
in America-. In some cases the makes rapid 
headway, and the end comes in the short sjiace of 
one or two years; but in other cases the patient lives 
in comparative comfort for ten, fifteen, or possibly 
even twenty years or more. There are several vari- 
eties of the disease, and none of them are at all con- 
tagious unless the skin is broken, which is not 
always the case, or when l)roken, the affected part is 
brought in contact with a cut or abrasion of some 
kind (in the skin of a healthy person. Hence, those 
of us who have lived long in India have practically 
ceased to he afraid of lepers, and go among them 
without the slightest hesitation. Thus far, medical 

ajo Woman's FoKBiaN Af/ss/OJVAjtr Soc/sry, 

skill has not been able to discover any cure for this 
much dreaded disease; but it seems to be well estab- 
lished that, although not able to cure leprosy, certain 
medicines can arrest its progress, and this gives an 
unspeakable measure of relief to those on whom the 
disease has nAt yet made much progress." 

Miss Reed proceeded at once to her field of wprk 
at Chandag Heights, three miles from Pithoragarh, 
and from the Minutes of the North India Conference 
for 1 894 I make a few excerpts from her report : 
" During the past two years I have experienced so 
much of the loving compassion and tender mercy of 
'the Friend that sticketh closer than a Jjrother' that 
it is with a very grateful, humble heart I attempt to 
recount, for the dear friends of our widening mission- 
ary circle, something of God's dealings with me and 
,-ttt6 people to whom he has called me to minister 
here, in this beautiful place, Chandag Heights." 
That his seal of bless^ig is upon the special work 
going fonvard among the poor afflicted ones occupy- 
ing this retreat, and that, too, among the inhabitants 
of adjacent villages, is evident from her report. 
This mountain district, one of the fairest spots on 
i God's beautiful earth, has the sad reputation of being 
one of the very worst districts in India for this dread 
malady. But to Miss Ree<rs report: "During the eighteen months eighty patients' names have 
been enrolled on my books, and I am told that 
within a radius of ten miles there are more than 
four hundred who ought to be here in the asylum. 
I hope to see the last of these new buildings occu- 
pied as soon as the walls become thoroughly dry." 
The name of the Scottish Society under which Miss 

India. 231 

Reed has been so niystiriously called to work is 
"Mission to Lepers in India and the liast," and 
works not by sending out missionaries of its own, 
but by utilizing existing agencies, making grants of 
money to maintain the work. Miss Reed herself is 
supported by the Cincinnati Branch i^ the Woman's 
Society, from which she first went toyndia. Of the 
fifty-seven patients enrolled in 1894^1 but five were 
Christians, and they had but reoently entered the 
asylum. Miss Reed continue^T "Aside from the 
special work for which I hj^ been called apart — 
though not to a lonely dese|^)lace, but to one of the 
most beautiful of earthly abiding places, where I am 
neither alone nor ' lonely,' for as I live within three 
miles of dear Miss Budden and the community of 
more than three hundred native Christians, with 
whom I have frequent communication and many 
pleasant visits — I an; not lonely, for my heSrt and 
hands are filled with work. I have had the privilege 
during the past year of opening four schools for boys 
and girls in the villages lying in»the mountain valleys 
from two to five miles di.stant from my home. About 
six months ago, in 1893, two other schools >tere made 
over to me by the preachers in charge of Pithoragarh 
Circuit. In six schools are over two hun- 
dred pupils. 

" It is a wondrous .sweetener of what otherwise 
would be an unbearable burden, that through this dis- 
pensation of ^ God's providence and grace he is not 
only working in my o\<-n heart and life to will and to 
do of his good plea.sure,''but that it is being util- 
ized by him in rousing Wills, moving hearts, quicken- 
ing thought, influencing and enlisting new recruits 





for that Rreat company needed to publish his bles.sed 
word. Ulessed, ever blessed In; His glorious name 
forever !" 

September, 1893, Miss Reed, in referring to her con- 
dition, said: "He hath heard the many, many prayers 
offered for this bruised, broken, weak instrument 
during the past year; and answers have been steal- 
ing into my soul as herald-rays, announcing the com- 
ing dawn, and the flowers of hope have pierced the 
sod, telling of coming spring. Surely, surely, the 
very marked and remarkably signs of promise of com- 
plete restoration to health that have steadily iucrea.sed 
the past year, are prophetic of what the Great Phy- 
sician designs for me in his own good time." The 
writer received a letter from Dr. Sheldon, dated June 
I, 1895, written in Miss Reed's bungalow. She said: 
"As I am writing sister Mary is writing in the same 
room. I stop and look at her. She has on a blue with white spots. Her abundant hair is coiled 
on the top of her head. A smile is on her face as 
she writes — a sweet, peaceful face this morning, with 
tio trace of the disease which formerly showed itself 
in a spot on one of her cheeks. Her face is some- 
times troubled ; but only for others' sins and siiort- 
comings, as all soul-winners and .soul-builders will 
understand. She looks well." 


This great city, the gateway through which Eu- 
rope enters India, with its multitude of wealthy' and 
well-educated people, as well as of poor and ignorant, 
with its splendid commerce and philanthropic spirit, 
is a grand field for missionary effort. Some work had 


IsniA j.V^ 

l)een carried on ainoiiK women prior to 1884, when 
the S<Kiety sent nnt Miss De Line. Miss Shewanti 
Bni Power, a Mahrati lady of excellent family and 
earnest ])icty, who speaks five languages and is an 
excellent theologian, was doing /enana work, and had 
access to thirty-five /.ciianas, and Miss Sarah Cassidy, 
a successful zenana worker from North India, to- 
gether with Mrs. C. 1'. Hard, the jwstor's wife, had 
opened schools and held meetings among the native 
Christian women. A Bible woman (Kassie) was also 
employed. Miss I)c Line at once organized for more 
extensive zenana work, and in 1885 was joined by 
Miss Klliott. Besides these two, other workers were 
the Misses Powers, Tracy, Wright, and two Bible 
women. A day school was opened in March, 1887. 
Miss Klliott married, and Miss Abrams arrived and 
to«k charge of the school-work, which had grown to 
three day and two Sunday schools. One is a board- 
ing, day-school and Oriilianage combined, besides an- 
other day-school supported by Miss Carroll, who was 
.sent to India in iH«H, and appointed to Bombay. The 
native Christian %\'c\'> boarding-school is the largest 
of its kind in the city. Sunday-schools are connected 
with each of the five schools, as is common all over 
India, besides one avernKing eijjhty in attendance in 
the IIoiiic. The missionaries also work in Grant 
R(;<ad Sunday-school, and in one in Mazagon, held in 
a Hindu temple; and they are also responsible for the 
Sunday morning service with the Chri.stian commu- 
nity there, and share in the responsibility of keeping 
up the l';))\v()rlh League. "• 

Kight zenana teachers vi.sit more than 200 houses, 
and probably three times as many secluded women, 


who but for this ngency would never hear of Christ, 
wliile iilxiiit half a siore of Hil>le women do good 
service ainouK the women of the lower class. Among 
the zenana workers is a sister of the Miss Power 
al)ove referred to, Miss Sundar Bai Power, a dignified 
native or high-caste Hindu, who visited Kngland as 
a missionary in 189.V to point out the evils of the 
opium-traffic. She retained her Oriental dress while 
there. Miss Power speaks ICnglish with great fluency. 


Miss Mary L. Niiid has written such a charming 
sketch of a very unusu.1I society event that occurred 
when she was in India in 1887, that we repeat it al- 
most entire: 

"It happened on this wise: One warm, bright 
morning in March, we were seated at the 
table in our zenana home in Bombay, when Miss 
De Line turned to me with sudden animation, ex- 
claiming: 'I have an idea; I am going to give you a 
/enann party !' . . . 

" The following Wednesday was .set for the party. 
Some one must be cho.sen to write the invitation.s. 
This coveted privilege was granted to Sundar Bai, a 
native zenana worker living in the Home. On tinted 
pajK-r, in a round, clear hand, the dainty missives were 
penned — some in Arabic, others in Hindustani, Tamil, 
Marathi, Guzerati, and I do n't know how many un- 
pronounceable tongues — and given to the bearer, who 
was duly dispatched with them to their destinations. 
News travels fast in India ; and it was not long Ijcfore 
the rumor reached us that the .social world in the na- 
tive quarter of the city had been thrown into a state 

India. a.vs 

of the RTeatcst excitement over the coming event, and 
Miiw Dc Line's party was the subject of conversation 
in every zenana. I must say here that Miss De Line 
had access in her zenana visiting to the very cream of 
the native aristocrac> — faniilies of wealth and ifore- 
most in rank and influence. In her iiennims were dark- 
haired Jewesses and digniried Mohammedans, dimple- 
faced Aral)iiuis, (gentle Hindus, beautiful Parsees, and 
last, but not least, the learned Kuklniiahai, whose 
fame had already spread to ICngland and America, and 
enjoyed the additional honor of being a friend of 

" The morniiiR of the eventful day dawned upon a 
cloudless sky, for there is no fear of March snows or 
April sliowers in India. At Miss De Line 
announced to the gentlemen of her household that 
they must be sure to leave the at noon, and 
not return till after eight in the evening. They prom- 
ised faithfully : for it was well understood that if so 
much as the shadow of a man were seen by these fair 
visitors, the party would come to an untimely end, 
and, it was feared, would Miss De Line's ze- 
nana visiting. All that morning we were busy as bees 
putting the house ^l order. The four or five zenana 
assistants were excused from their usual round of 
visits, and after breakfast we all set merrily to work, 
sweeping and dusting,- polishing and garnishing. 
Flowers and palm-leaves transformed the rooms into 
fairy -like arl)ors, while each girl brought forth some 
bit of drapery or clierished knicknack to grace the oc- 
casion. The house was admirably adapted for a party 
of this kind. It had been built by a Parsee for him- 
self, so it was thoroughly native in .style. A double 


,1' . 

J3« IVouMx's FoKKinN MissiONARV Soc/M/y. 

carriaKc-tlrive led through the conipouiul to the |)or- 
tico, from whii'li o]iciiifl the refeptioii niiii drnwiiig 
rooms. DirectK ovcrlii-iul was tlie lafKc airy parlor, 
with a vernnda ill front, screened by a high railing, 
and connecting with the conipoiiiid below l)y a spiral 
staircase. In tliis way the Honicn conid pass directly 
to the /enana ipiarter overhead without entering the 
house from l>elow and running the risk of meeting a 
chance man-servant. 

" By two o'cl(K-k, the hour for the party, we were 
really to receive our guests. As we wailed in a flutter 
of expectancy the first arrivals. Miss I)e Line .sug- 
gested that I should go out on the veranda and watch 
them come. So I looked over the balustrade and 
peered through the interlacing foliage of the com- 
pound to the road beyond. Presently there was the 
rumble of carriage-wheels, and the next minute in 
rolled a coach drawn by prancing horses, with coach- 
man in front and footmen behind, all in picturesque 
native livery. The blinds at the windows were closely 
drawn, and not a peep could I get of a i)air of bright 
eyes behind them. As the carriage .stopped, one of 
the footmen sprang nimbly to the ground ajld opened 
the door with averted face. Then out stepped a most 
curious-looking figure. It was entirely enveloped in a 
white gown or sheet, that fell in ample folds to the 
ground, but drawn tightly together in front, as 
if held by a pair of invisible hands, The figure moved 
slowly and cautiously toward the stairs, a.scended 
them, and disappeared through the door of the dre.s.v 
iiig room. 

" The carriages now followed each other in quick 
succession, and an almost unbroken procession of 




' JNUIA. 239 

muffled forni.s, some in white gowns and gome in col- 
ored ones, filed in solcnin array np the winding stair- 
owe. In striking contrast to these wunitn were a few 
Christian girls, wlm came in gayly-painted ox carts or 
on foot, their l)right faces framed in a fleecy cliuddar 
of white muslin. At last there was a cessation in the 
arrival of gnests, and 1 turned liuck to the parlor. 
What a picture met my eyes as I entered ! Fifty or 
sixty dusky-checked ladies lined the walls. Their 
itilken rolies, of the richest Oriental colors, fell in 
graceful folds to the floor. Jewels by the myriad spar- 
kle<l in the coils of their dark hair, glossy with co- 
coanut oil, dimpled their soft, hare arms, and adorned 
their foreheads, noses, ears, and necks. The feet of 
the Hin<lu women were almost hidden by a wealth of 
toe-rings and anklets, while the goUl-end)roi(lered slip- 
pers of the Mohammedans peeped from \iniler their 
sheeny draperies. The air was heavy with the odor of 
attar of and other .scents. As I stood lost in ad- 
miration of this novel .scene. Miss I)e Line approached 
me with an anxious face. ' I can't get women to 
talk to each other, and you must help me ent'ertain 
them,' she said, in an energetic whisper. ' Hut I can't 
speak their language !' J O, never mind ; you can 
gesticulate or do something. I made this party for 
you, and you help me through with it.' 

"Eager to be of service, but at a loss how to begin, 
I took a chair and sat down in- front of a semicircle 
of eight or ten ladies. \VV looked at each other in 
silence. }. smiled, and they smiled. Then I stroked 
the folds of thtir silken chuddars, and pa.ssed my hand 
admiringly over the gilt embroidery, nodding and say- 
ing, as well as I couUl, that I thought it was pretty. 



They tiirtivd to imcIi otlu-r witli an ainiisi'd link- lauKli, 
Olid several of thcin, iu a sliy, ininiisitivc way, lK-){aii 
feeliiiK my dress, and vxatiiiiiiiiK its riblMMis and bul- 
tonn. I pointed to their lii'uvy anklets ami great nosf- 
rinKs, and made ^i^;MS to know if lliey did not hnrt. 
This seemed so fnnny to tliem tliut they laii^'ied im- 
moderately, rolling ahoiit un their chairs, and actiiiK 
exactly like a \^e\•y of merry little K'''''*- Then they 
looked dolefully at my ' eommoniicnse' shoes, and 
felt of niy ears and arms, .shaking their heads in pity 
over my deplorable paucity of similar charms. After 
exhausting; my resources on one ^ronp, I moved to 
anothci, and re|>eate<l the pantomime. 

"Oicasionally I (ound .some one — usually she was 
a Christian girl — who could speak a little Ivnglish, and 
this was a great help, for then I could hranch out into 
quite a conversation. While we were in the midst of 
this highly entertaining part of the program, refresh- 
ments were announced. They were simple; (or Miss 
I)e Line said she would not dare offer anything elab- 
orate to these high caste ladies, though she tliought 
.some among them niighi be willing to take such light 
refreshments as lea and cake at the house of a Chris- 
tian. Nearly every one did, which was a wonderful 
concession. I could not help contrasting these women 
with many I had seen in North India, who would not 
even let my shadow fall on their foo<l when I visited 
their homes, and who would probably have preferred 
to die rather than eat anything taken from a Christian's 
hand. When tlie trays were passed. I happened to be 
sitting by a Hindu woman and her two 'little children, 
a boy and girl. The mother accepted the tea, but re- 
fused the cake. Supposing she declined from modesty, 

India. 141 

ami thinking; thnt nf (.'oiirHC the cliildri-n wiiiiU-d cake. 
I wusjti>t alioiit to K>^'c then) soiiie, when the dis- 
tress^-d, frightened look on the wonian'H face recalled 
to my mind that she and her family wen- hi^h-caate 
Mrnhtnan!), nnd miKht have to MifTer weeks of jienufice 
if they taHteil a morsel of our food. 

" After all were throuKh ealiiiK, the Christian K'rlt* 
(fathered aronnd the or^an and In'^an sin^in^ .some 
of the native i*A,i/<;««. One after another joined in 
the iliorus -women who had often heard these niel- 
i«lies sniiK in their own zenanas hy onr llilile work- 
ers, and learned to love thetn l,o«d an<l clear the 
plaintive strains floated ont on tln' still air. In the 
^;atllerin^; twilight I conhl see the faces aronnd me 
^row serious, and down many a cheek the hot tears 
fell \inheeiled, as the sweet sentiment of the son>;s 
tonchi'd hearts that perhaps no spoken words could 
have reached — tellin>; how life is passing;, and our 
frien<ls are lenvin^ us, and if we would meet them 
a^ain ,ve must lieliive in Jesus, the world's oidy 
Savior. As darkness fell our ^;uests, rohed a>;ain 
in their street costumes, left for their homes. ICvcry- 
onc |)ronounced the party a perfect, hut as n 
result of it, poor Miss De Line was .sick in bed ior 

two d.iys." 


The foundations for women's work in connection 
with Methodist missions were laid in .Madras hy 
Mrs. M.-iry Rudisill, who was also larjjcly its inspira- 
ty^n. In 1M.S9, Miss Mary HuKlies was appointed to 
this work. In.t n\arried dnrin^; the following year. 
She is tlie oul> .\merican representative the Society 
has ever had there. Mrs. Rudisill died July H, 18H9. 


Miss Himliis ill NvrilinK alMiiU tin- luiiiral Miiil ; ■ I 
have riinly heard mu h trll>ull•^' a^ win paid liy all 
cla^M^ tt> Ihc Ixaiity nl hir tharaiUr and the dcvo 
tioti of licr life. Hit diutli lied was n Hiene of luily 
trtuiiipti uiisurpashcd in saintly annals. It is said 

Nuch a funeral 
was never 
V 11 c> w n i II 
Madras, as old 
and yoiinK, 
rich and ixHir. 
Ivii^lish, l>;ii 
rasian.and na- 
tive, jjatliere<l 
ti)do lier hon- 
or, carryiiiK 
lier Ixxly on 
lluir slioul- 
ikrs to the 
I- e 111 e t e r y . 
NtrewiiiK her 
liier and fill- 
inn 111'' K^iive 
with flowers; 
benKint? the 
privileKt? to 
put ahoye her pravc an Indian stone, biarin^j this in- 
.scription: 'The Lord nave, the Lord taketlr away, 
blessed be the name of the Lord,' sayinK. 'She wa.s 
God's precious ^^ift to India.' " 

Miss r.race Stephens, in April, 1.SS6, was ap- 
pointed to open native work. .Slie is an Ivurasiati, 
and by universal testimony uiie(|naled in South ^n- 

MtiiH <;HAkk Srl:l'llr.Nfi 

f)P^'^?^«»"l ^yj/mf'"^ 



dill in ht-r di'votion tad. niul kiuti'hs an a /.I'tiaiia 
worker. An OrpliaiiaKc wilh Htartfil with K*rlft who 
I'.iiiii' »ithiint ilothi'*. |iiiK'hi'(l ami starvi'd, mil 
kimwiiiK liiiw to rt'ad iir write, to xiiix, to UiiikIi 
or play, and with no i<lca wlio made tlu'in or whither 
they were K'>>"K' 'l'"-' assistant.s were constituted 
deacoiifHse-i by the South India Conference, and on 
the marriage of Miss Unfiles the entire responsi- 
bility rested upon Mi^^ Stei>lKll.s-()rphana).;e, three 
day-schools, a Cliri-<tian hoarding scIuhiI. five Sun- 
day-schools, and a larjje /.enana work. One of the 
schools is for hiKh caste llrahinan jjirls, who wear 
K'iiy dresses and many jewels. There were .seventy- 
seven of these K'rls on the roll, and the same num- 
ber in the poor school. Under Miss Stephens and 
her sister, Mrs. Jones, social reform advances by 
^ leaps anil liounds. Hindu metlKKls and notions have 
been re\ iilntioni/ed by them to the extent that 
Hindu wives are treated wilh more consideration by 
their hnsbaiKls ; children are nurtured with more 
care than ever bestowed on them before; intel- 
lectual cravings iiave been engendered; superstitions 
are iK-inn slowly shown the door: in fine, activity 
has taken the place ol slannalion, and moral and in- 
tellectual death have been dispelled by moral and 
intellectual life. The Work^las also broken down the 
walls of partition sejiaratinn Hindus and l';uroi)eans. 
NJiss Stephens bejjan about i8yo her annua! zenana 
parties, which have now become an established fact, 
a:;d the increasin;^ numbers that attend each year 
show a marked advancement in interest, which is ac- 
comiKinied by as much deli(;ht as our Christmas 
preparations. The first one wa.s attendt^d by over 

344 IVoAfAy 's Foreign Missionary Socjety. 

two hundred women, who inct loKi'thcT in hcr^pa*..^ 
cious drawing-room in Vepcry. At the one in 1893 
over fonr hnndred accepted her invitations. As they 
all sat upon the floor, Miss Stepliens thought it was 
a sight Dishop Thoburn ought to see, and against „ 
the i>r(ile-tations of coworkers and friends, who 
feared tiie result, she stealthily sent for him, and took 
him right in among them. She says : " What side 
glances they shot at ns as we talked together, and / 
what lowering of heads, fi»r many of them are pur- ~ 
dah women and IJrahnians, who keep long distances 
from us in their homes. After a time they found 
out the Bishop was a human being, and I explained 
to them about him, and asked if they could not shake 
hands with such a man. Actually, more than a 
dozen women arose, and through the crowd made 
their way to the Bishop, and shook hands with him. 
It seemed too good to be true. It was a wonderful 
triumph for God. They were all free and happy, 
though he was in their midst. There were no bad 
results. Do you .see how our parties arc levehng 
caste — away up above the Brahman caste into the 
Christian caste.' The zenana party in 1894 was con- 
sidered the most successful event, really the greatest 
era, in the work. The usual prizes and gifts and 
Christma.s-tree were put aside, and a stereopticon en- 
tertainment by Mr. Jefferson resolved upoii. We can 
not realize all- that this involved. A man, the late- 
ness of the hour, a program, all were innovations. 
Over and over the people had to be seen, messages 
sent, and explanations made. Think of the task of 
visiting nearly five hundred people and presenting 
tile undertaking to them. Like the' eagerness pre- 

India. 345 

ccdiiiR the development of some great invention, 
Miss Stephens was not the only one interested, for 
as soon as tlie wonderful venture became known, the 
conjectures were that ' it would be a failure,' ' the 
women would not come,' 'this was too much to ex- 
pect,' and so on. 

"The final day dawned which weuld decide 
either a total loilure or a umi"! success. The large 
drawing-room and adjoining apartments, hall-way, 
and two were crowded to their utmost ca- 
pacity with a company that was at once unique and 
interesting." Before being invited to the gardens, 
where the large stereopticon screen was hung, a 
wonderful program was announced. The names of 
the women were called, and the hymns, and different 
districts they live<l in were mentioned. When young 
Hrahnian girls, child-wives, despised widows, sang out 
in that mrge crowd, it meant a real testimony for 
Jesus. How it astonished all who heard it! Their 
women never sing out in such fashion. The singing 
that evening became the talk in all the zenanas. 
But the event of the evening was the exhibition of 
pictures. .-V Mohammedan woman told her people 
that "she saw everything that there is in the world." 
"She saw," she said, "buildings, animals, flowers, 
trees, men, women, the moon, stars, the sun, clouds, 
lightning; that there was nothing more for her to .sec 
now but God. If she saw him, her life would be 

Strange ceremonies had to be observed on account 
of such departures from usual customs. " Some .sat 
for certain hours each day in a tub of water, for 
cleansing from such contamination; others, to break 

246 Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

the charm, took a pill made of the hair and milk of 
the sacred cow mixed with other nameless ingredi- 
ents. Washing and sprinkling with lime-juice, pecu- 
liar nianners, beating the tomtom, and wearing the 
holy beads, were some of the many strange measures 
resorted to." 

Thus step by step the progress has been gradual, 
but sure, in. breaking down «>iit(c customs, and in ad- 
vancing the kingdom of God. 

A remarkable conversion occurred in Madras, in 
1884, of a Hindu devotee, with several rSlcs — at CMie 
time disguised as a Mohammedan to encourage idol- 
atry among that class, tlijL'n a' dervish, again a Hindu, 
a mendicant, a fortune-teller in turn. For ten years' 
he plied this vocation under a tree, about half a 
mile from the Methodist Publishing-house in Madras, 
where from a dozen to fifty or more persons daily con- 
sulted him as to their future. Miss Stephens began 
gi\*ing the man books and tracts, which led to his con- 
viction of sin and faith in Christ, when he surrendered 
to her his whole outfit — ten books on magic, one 
magic slate, three books written on sacred leaves, and 
bound by sacred threads, and was then baptized. We 
have read before how " many of tliem also, which used 
curious arts, brought their books together and burned 
them before all men, and they counted the price of 
them, and found it fifty, thousand pieces of silver." 
I'very means was u.sed by the magicians to recover the 
valuable books;'but Miss Stephens declined all money . 
ofters for them, and sent them to America to the Bal- 
timore Branch Secretary. She gave the man a Bible in 
exchange, and he now gives "true fortune out of 
that book." 



India. 247 


There is a tinge of romance in connection with 
the opening of Methodist niissiolis in Singapore, un- 
der either Boards. Mrs. Oldham, whose husband 
opened the work and became its first Sujierintendent, 
became deeply interested in the women, and wrote to 
Mrs. Mary C. Nind, then Secretary of the Minneapo- 
lis Branch, appealinR for help. When she presented 
the "appeal to the Committee in 1885, there were no 
fnnds availal)le for new work; but, as Mrs. Oldham 
says, " The Lord laid Singapore on Mrs. Kind's heart, 
and as she mused the fire burhed, until it leaped to 
her lips on Thursday, November 5, 1885, in the mem- 
orable words that will go down into the history of 
the Malaysian Mi.ssion, ' Frozen Minnesota will yet, 
God helping her, plant a mission at the equator.' She 
then personally pledged $3,000 to commence the 
work." Miss Blackmore, of Australia, was appointed 
to the work, and began August 15, 1887, by visiting 
the women and opening a day-school for Tamil girls. 
Parents of other nationalities became interested, and 
their daughters were admitted, aad the name changed 
ti) Methodist Girl.s' School. For several years this . 
-school was hold in a small funii.shed, rent free, 
by a Tamil gentleman. When it was full to overflow- 
ing, another Tamil collected subscriptions among his 
coimtrymen to buy land, and the Society put up a 
building for the .school. In 1894 there were ninety- 
five pupils enrolled. In -August, 1888, Miss Black-' 
more opened a Chinese girls' school in Telok Ayer, 
with eight children. In 1894 it had grown to thirty. 
The gharry goes about picking up a girl here and 

J48 IVoAiAN's Foreign AfissioNARV Society. 

another there, twisting up hills, then down streets and 
into lanes, before all the scholars are collected. Miss 
Blackniore has the joy of winning trophies from four 
Kastern races — Chinese, Malay, Tamil, and Siamese. 
The mission has been re-enforced since 1892 by Misses 
Ferris, Hebinger, and Foster. Miss Hebinger en- 
gaged in Rescue work in i«93, without support from 
the Society. In 1895 she was i«arried to Rev. E. T. 
Snuggs, manager of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home. 
The Mary C. Niud Deaconess Home was ready in 
189,^, and into it the workers with the twenty-four 
boarding-school girls moved. 

The Society supports work in Penang, where a 
girls' school was opened in 1891. It now has sixty- 
five pupils. There is also there an Indian school of 
twenty pupils. Two infiiienlial Babu Chinese women 
have been converted, baptized, and Jtaken into the 
Church. In 1894 the Misses Blackmore and Ferris 
visited I'alenbang, in Southwestern Sumatra, whither a 
native Christian woman, a convert in Singapore, had 
gone before them, and told the story of Jesus and his 
love. Fverywhere tfliey met with eager listeners to 
the message, and bu\ers of the tracts and Scripture 
portions they took along. 


Haiderabad. — The Protected States, of which 
there are about two hundred, are ruled by their own 
native princes, but under the protection of the British 
Government. The Society has work in several of 
them, including Haiderabad,' in the Nizam's Domin- 
ions, the largest and most imiJortant of all the native 
States, and this city, the strongest Mohammedan city 

'■■•. ■ . • ■ f 

India. 249 

in the world except Constantinople. There ore 
greater varieties of the human race here than else- 
where in India. Miss L. lilackmar, after sixteen years 
in Lucknow, and the North India Conference, was 
transferred, in 1S89, to the South India Conference, 
and appointed to open work ainoii); Urdu-speaking 
women and girls in Ilaiderahad, five hundred miles 
from any other of the Society's nii.ssionaries. It 
afforded an (*pi)ortunity for a pioneer woman to >{0 
and possess all, medical work, school, vMage teaching, 
and zenann visiting, all in the name of the Lord. Miss 
Haefer was sent to a.ssist in 1891. In addition to the 
English Girls' School in their house, one for Marathi 
girls has beeu^opened in the heart of the city, and in 
other parts two schools for Mohnnunedau girls, and 
yet another of bright little Haiderabads.\r. — Another feudatory or native Protected 
Slate is Hastar, concerning which very Ihtle has been 
known until recently. ^It is separated on the north- 
east from the Ni/am's Dominions by the Godaveri 
River. The country is not surpassed in India for 
beauty, but no one knows the Lord Jesus Christ. 
Nearly all the people are aborigines, Gondo or Kois 
the rest being Hindus. They are not ca.ste-bound. 
No Brahnians exist to prevent any possible and pro- 
jected advancement. "wild people have no idol 
temples. In 1892, Rev. C. B. Ward, of the General 
SociotY, was led to explore this interesting field. He 
went again in 1893, stationing Dr. and Mrs. Batstone 
in Jagdalpnr, the capital. In 1894 he made a third 
trip, this tinie^-onducting a special expedition, con- 
sisting of the pre.siding elder of Haiderabad District, 

159 Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

of which Bastar formed a part, Miss lilackmar, and 
some native preachers. The presiding elder and Miss 
Blackiuar went by direct commission of Bishop Tho- 
burn. Tlie Government officials had held out every 
encouraKcment: They welcomed the missionaries, 
grants of land were easily secured, also village sites, 
by which self support will in time l)e made possible ; a 
share of all being offered the Society, five years' rent 
free, if buildings are put up and work begun in that 
time. lu the capital fifty acres has Ijeen secured 
the Society. 

Mrs. Kmma Moore Scott, in the Indian Witness, 
writes concerning the wonderful expedition: "Under- 
taken when the thermometer registered iio° on the 
train, conducted tlirough a country infested by tigers, 
bears, and other wild animals, on brave mission- 
aries went, up hill and down, through thick jungles, 
jolting over boulders, crossing steep-banked water 
course.s, creeping under low-hung branches that threat- 
ened to sweep off the unwary riders, encountering 
brush and scrub that their arms into, the path, 
inflicting lacerations on face and hands, and tearing 
clothing, fording broad rivers, threading dense for- . 
ests — such are a few of the difficulties encountered." 

Dr. lirnsberger, after a brief rest at home, was 
transferred from Baroda to Sironcha, Bastar Province, 
and sailed August lo, i»95, for her new field. Dr. 
Emma Hodge left at the .same time for Baroda. 

Baroda. — This is a walled city of about one hun- 
dred thousand inliabitants, and the capital of the in- 
fluential State of Baroda, under native rule. The 
Methodist Missionaries are the only ones there. The 

X . 

India. 351 

king is not opposed to Christianity. The mission- 
aries were kindly received. Miss Anna Thompson, 
who was already in the country, was accepted by the 
.Society in i8H,S, and found mucli encouragement in 
zenana and scliool work, visiting between forty and 
fifty homuti each week, sometimes in the royal family, 
and .sometimes among the very lowest. There were 
conversions among high-caste women the first year, 
and the work continued to grow until she was not 
able to enter nil the open doors. When the district 
Conference met in Baroda, the missionaries were so 
few tlie delegates all liad to board in one place. The 
Dewan (the King's Prime Ministct;) showed much 
kindly feeling by loaning them di^hes, lamjjs, a tent, 
chairs, etc. He attended the reception given to 
Hishop Thoburu, and the temperance meeting^where 
he made a speech. The day after Conference he sent 
bullo -k-tarts and had all the native Christians taken 
to the iKdaces, and to all the other placta; of interest, 
and also sent state carriages for all the'Europeans to 
^o siglit-.seeing. State elephants were sent two even- 
ings, and all that desired went out riding. As 
there was no minister there in i.Hy4, Miss Thompson 
was roponsible for everything, even to the burial of 
the dead, in the absence of the presiding elder. May 
I , I .S95, a large number of native Christians gathered 
in the church to witness her marriage to Rev. W. H. 
Stephens, of rffie Marathi Mission.' 


Zknana VisiTiNt;.— Twenty-five years ago mis- 
sionaries would pass the closely-barred doors of the 
zenanas, wondering often who would roll away the 


252 IVO.V.hV'S F<>KEli.\ MlsSIi).\AKY SOCIETV. 

Stone. Western ideas coiitiiiiiLd knocking until con- 
fused cries from within were henrd, and i)rayer set 
wide open the door for eager listeners to hear the 
story of the manger and the cross. There Viave been 
many encouraging things in zenana visitation, though 
the prejudice of the upper class hinders tlieni from ac- 
cepting tlie trutli in the ready way their poor sisters 
do. None can tell what saving results may come from 
the oft-spoken truth in hymn, prayer, and exhortation. 
The field is very wide, and much more might be done 
in these " hidden apartments of the women," if work- 
ers could be secured. 

Greater attention of late has-been -paid to the 
women of Mohullas^)y Methodists, many of the mis- 
sionaries feeling directed to the very poor and de- 
pressi'd, who need all the help that can be given them. 
The ever-increasing Christian community has caused 
great changes in melliorls of work, and the mi.ssion- 
. aries, especially in the Northwest India Conference, 
iiad to face the (piestion of continuing to give their 
time and thought and- means to the possible few in 
the zenana, or of giving themselves to teaching and 
developing those who ha\e come out of heathendom, 
that they be not known as bajiti/ed heathen. Much 
of the zenana work has been tr.uisferred to other mis- 
sions, so that the Bible w omen and teachers may teach 
the Christian women and children. 

BinLiC Women. — \n the early days of mi.ssions the 
Bible woman was not. She is the product of years of 
patient to^l. It was necessary first to win her from 
allegiance to heathen gods; then to teach her to read 
the Bible, to understand its truths, to imbibe its spirit,, 253 

ami to shape her lite by its laws. TIku came years 
»)f spiritual growth and of iii numbers, until 
now th^' BiWe woman is rccognizid as an important 
factor in mi^sionary^work. The Society employs over 
625 Bible woflieu.who K" i"to f'C zenanas, and sing 
sweet soiifjs about the love of God for women as well 
as for men, about the sinless and his redeem- 
inj,' death. After that it is not easy for everything to 
remain as before. In Lueknow, during the i)ainlu! 
cxperiemes of the famine in !»;«, Miss lilackmar, the 
superintendent of the zenana work, ceased the leguljir^ 
work of the Bible women, and, with the money sup-" 
plied by the municipality, carried on a lar>,'e " Keliel " 
work, teaching and furnishing such kinds of work as 
coidd find a market. The Government put on record 
its hi.uh ap])reciation and cordial recognition of the 
.service rendered. 

Vii.i.AGK Work.— The manner of carrying on 
village work is to gather the people together in some 
place an<l give them religious instruction. Sometimes 
stories are read from the BiMe, sometimes told in the 
teacher's own words, and then in a plain, .simple way, 
always applied as lessons for the everyday life of us 
all. Bluijain (hymns) are always sung, and if not 
fully understood by the listeners, are simply explauied. 
Many of the people in the villages, especially those of 
the higher caste, as Brahman-* and Fakirs, are among 
the best'aud nio'-t interested listeners. It is very dif- • 
ficnlt to eslinuUe the numl)er who are under instruc- 
tion ; but the villages mount up into the thousands. 
Miss I'helie Rowe, accompanied by "Caroline Mama," 
itinerates around a good ileal among the villages. It 

J54 l-l'''(m.i.\ '.s FoRKiaN Missionary Society. 

is not uncommon for n wiman to have charnctof one 
Inmdrod villaKvs in wliicli native Christians live. 

M()iu'i.i..\. — The molnilla is the home of the.])oor 
and the outcast. They are the l)acksiunis, and are 
far from Xiwxf, pleasant places. They are low, wind- 
ing, unsanitary, and uninviting. vSlill tlie Lord's work 
and children are there, and many listen gladly to the 
teaching of the Christian religion; even tliongh tired 
and"\veary from early dawn until noon, they willingly 
give three hours after that to being taught. There 
are many conversions and baptisms among them after 
due instructTou and preparation. In tlie North India 
Conference alone, in 1894 there/ were 894 mohuUas 

Mei.AS. — Visiting- heathen nu-las (a kind of fair 
and religious festival), where hundreds of thousands 
of people gather, has become another agency for evan- 
gelistic work. The Chri.stiau women sometimes pro- 
claim the" gospel from the steps of heathen tem- 
ples. The\' sell books and give away tracts to many 
people to wh<)|||*ialvation's story has never been told. 
Sometimes the^Kuigeli.sts gain more attention from 
the crowds than |l^ the Hrahinans, who are present to 
teach and to receive their offerings. 

The Christians have established 'melas of their 
own. At the Chandausi Christian Mela, in North 
India, in i,S9i two meetings were held expressly for 
Hindustani women. The wife of a native presiding 
elder was appointed chairman, and, upon her ntotion, 
a .secretary was elected. The business went fol^vard 
iu the ordtrly manner. The mela in iSgdIiliad 

'W^^^^p^^^W^'^^W^^W*'' ■ 

ISDIA. 2,S5 

over 2,200 Christians fiicaiiii)c(l on the grouii<l, in ad 
<lition to a goodly nunihcr of visitors. There were over 
3c» testimonies Sunday nu)rning at tlie love-feast. 


In a land of many houses and few Ironies, of many 
beiiiKlited, sin-laden women, and few to lift up and 
help, this Home for Homeless Women in Luekiiow 
supples a very great need. Among who have 
heen admitted, a very lew, tiring of the restraint of 
Chri.sliati influenee, have left the Home; hut Chris- 
tian love and kindness usually rules, and these poor 
women, Used only to harshness, want, and nii.sery, have 
slu»wn their gratitude for kiiulness in the way in which 
their hearts have been touched aiul won, and with 
their hearts their whole lives have been changed. 
There are otlurs from a better class of society, ICu- 
rojieans and Kurasians; .some to be lifted out of the 
bondage of strong drink, some from the opium habit, 
some from immoralitv, and sonie have come only be- 
cause they have wanted a Christian home ami pro- 

In 1S92, there were eight blind women, some of 
whom could read the raised-t\pe books. They are 
able to cook and knit, and help themselves a good 
deal. All are Christians, ^[iss lilackmar superin- 
tended this Home luitil i,SK9, .seven years after it was 
ojiened, when she was transferred to South India, and 
Miss Sullivan succeeded her. 


For some years a Widows' Home w;us carried on in 
East Shahjehaupore, but it was discontinued in 1X90. 

sj^^iT, "*J"Wi^p^r 

256 Woman 's Fore/cn MrssioNARV SocrETV. 

MI'DKAl. lIOMi;. 

The Medical .School at Ajjra is not distinctively 
missionary, but is lar)j;cly under Methodist niaiia>;e- 
nient ; and from the be^inninji; of Kirl"* enlerinj; tlie 
soliool, there has been a Christian home for the med- 
ical students. 

ni-;AcoNi':ss iiomi;s. 

The deaconess lias appeared in India, and in 189.^ 
there were six Homes, with eighteen workers, besides 
twelve others outside of Homes. Tliese Homes are 
lonited in Calcutta, where Mrs. Hishop Thobnrn 
opened the work; in Luckuow, Muttrji, Madras, Pith" 
oraj;arh, and Siut;apore. A missionary deacones.s is 
employed by and res|)onsible to the Society. Like 
other missionaries, she receives her apjiointment from 
the IJishop, and goes where, in his judgment, the 
needs of the work demand. .She agrees to certain 
limitations in the matter of dress and support, the 
former consisting of a neat gray dress— in summer a 
while one — and a black bonnet trimmed with gray 
ribbon; the support is estiiiuitetf at nine hundred ru- 
pees (ecpiivalent to about $350). ' In Muttra a new 
building was put up on purpose in 1889, for which 
\V. K. Blackstonc, of Chicago, gave $5,000 as a me- 
morial tt) his parents, and for the training of native 
workers. In Jainiary, 1K.S9 at the C<mfervuce, Miss 
Sparkes, returned from Aniehtu ^ was ap pointed to es- 
tablish and superintend this Training-school and Dea- 
coness Home. During the first two years twenty-two 
students were in attendance from sixteen different .sta- 
tions. There was introduced a thorough course of 
study, comprising about what is taken in the Chicago 

.'f}^^'^^ifV'^^rfis~\'r;'.ic-.'^/--*^^-'^:*^i^! «■"♦ :^.K-"-'i.-."';wnRr^3^'* 


• TrainiiiR-school, cxcBptiiijf tlie medical lectures; these 
tlicy wire not !il)le tcNiave. They also have a thor- 
ough course of Hindi, Urdu, and Bengali, and are 
taught methods of work with practical training, be- 
sides having the rare instruction of Mrs. Ivinnia Scott 
in teaching music. A course of nionthly lectures was 
carried out in iNi/j, treating such sulijects as Hindu 
Mythology, Practical Christian Ktliics, Kinergencies 
with the Sick, etc. In i.Sgv we learn: "The Training- 
.scluxjl was subjected to a most thorough examination 
ill Scriiitiire History and Geography, Hible ICvidences, 
I'ropliecies and their Fulhllmeiit, besides a written ex- 
am iiiation on the first ten books of the Old Jestanient. 
The Gospel and Acts of the Apostles, with forfTof 
the Mpistles, do.sed a most thorough examination." 

The Board of lulucatioii desire the older jjiipils of 
the boarding-.schools to avail themselves of the oppor- 
tunities afforded by this school, not only in intellect- 
ual and spiritual, but in practical training for zenana 
work. Miss Sparkes returned home in i.Syi.aiid l>rs. 
McDowell and Sheldon in turn cared for the work 
until, in iSy";, Miss Sullivan was transferred from the 
Lucknow Home, as superintendent of Muttra, to be 
assisted by I'hcbe Rowe, the two young I.idies of the 
I''ritiids' Mission, Miss Fi.stler and Baird, remain- 
ing in Lucknow. The remaining Homes are super- 
intended as follows : I'ithoragarh by Buddeii, 
Calcutta by MLss Maxey, Singapore by Miss Ferris, 
and the latest (built in 1895), at Darchula, by Dr. 

Missionary Societik.s. — As early as 1871 Mis- 
sionary vSocielies were organized in India among the 



Kirls ill the Harcilly Orphaiianf, and tlie native Cliris- 
tiaii wotmn. There are now forty of these Societies 
in one Conference alone, which jjave in 1X94 over 925 
rupees into the treasury" 187 of tliis aniouiit a special 
ofTering for the Silver Anniversary Knn<i, the reinain- 
iler to be expended as designated. Some of it was ap- 
propriated to h)cal Sunday-school work ; 220 rupees to 
the Home for Homeless insl^ucknow; 177 to an Or- 
phanage; other amounts to school, village, and local 
work. Monthly missionary meetings are held regu- 
larly, the women and girls studying diflferent coun- 
tries as missionary centers, writing essays 911 different 
topics, and carrying on all the meetings/in a proper 
manner. In some cases, for the Silver Anniversary, 
they used a translation of the same program prepared 
for use in this land. 

Womhn's Coni'ERKNcks. — At the .se.ssion of the 
Annual Conference the missionary women, married 
and single, began in 1871 to meet in a council of their 
own, and tliis has grown in the lapse of years into a 
most important bod\ , with a four years' course of 
study and examinations, which publishes its own Min- 
utes and reports, and maintains all the forms of a per- 
manent organization. When the Central Conference^'- 
became a matter of history, the women sent delegates 
from their three Annual Conferences to meet with 
them at the same time and place. Tlie District Con- 
ference i.s not to be confounded with a presiding 
elder's di.strict. It is numerically stronger than an 
Annual Conference, and is more largely for the ben- 
efit of native workers. It has a course of .study 
adapted to the humblest /.eiiana worker or Bible 

''|^^fS5w''?5;«fe,irF--?»s;j' '■'i!' /r?~ s^r-^; r^^^'T j^^^ 

J.sniA. 25«; 

reader, and tliorouuli ixamiiiatioiis. Vlie native 
Clirisliaiis have been known to make a sX'ven days' 
march to attend one of these District Cdnferences, 
and that, too, over rongh Himalaya roads — on foot, 
seventy five miles! They have papers, and discus- 
sions, and reports. Sometimes, too, a woman pre- 
sides wiio has spent the kjrcater part of lier life iu a 
Mohuniniedan home ! 

Otiikr Kinds of Work.— The work of the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union has been a 
blessing to many. A Hindustani Branch has been 
organized in Cavvnpore, with native women for offi- 
cers, and another in the Northwest Provinces, with 
Mrs. Lawsoii as President. ' ThtTe are many circles of 
King's Daughters-^girls who wear tli& little silver 
cross, and know what it means. A flourishing branch 
of the Young Woman's Christian Association has 
been in active service for three years, which is also 
officered !>)• native women, and many of them were 
trained by this Society. While these are all, as in 
this country, ni^de up of Christians under various 
denominations, Methodists have their per cent iu 
them all. There are many Kpworlh Chajjlcrs in 
India. An Ejjworth League Convention tor the 
whole emi>ire was held in Lucktiow in October, 1893, 
in which some of the students of the girls' schools 
took part. Some of the I'lpworth League Conventions 
have six hundred young peo])le in attendance, of both 
sexes. In i,Sy4 they sent to this countrj- for one 
thousand charters, to meet the growing demands of 
the work consequent upon the great ingathering in 
Northwest India. In 1892, Uishop Thoburn, at the 

/"^^T^- '. ■■■ '^* JTTlTtiH" 


General Conference, rcporled a Christian connnnnity 
in India.uf not kss than fifty l1iou*an<l souls, niul a 
int.nil)crshii>, inchulin>j full nieinhers and pfobn-' 
tioncrs, of over thirty thonsaiul. "All throiiKh these 
past four years \v^ have had iui(uiriT.s loiiiiut; to us in 
steadily increasinK numbers, and the latest advices in- 
dicate no signs of waning interest. We now receive 
more converts in a month than we used to receive in 
a decade.' The sun which rose upon yon this morn- 
ing went down \ipon fifty converts on the other side 
of the globe, who had just exchanged the worship of 
idols for the service of the 'living God, and every day 
you tarry here will witness the ingathering of fifty 
more. When \ return to my field, I shall expect to 
greet ten thousand new converts — men and women 
wlio were worshiping idols four months ago — as con- 
fidently as I shall expect to find the niouijtains in their 
places, or the stars keeping watch in the .silent 
heavens. God is truly doing great things in our 
midst, and we call upon the whole Church to rejoice 
with us in the signal tokens for good whicli he is giv- 
ing U.S." 

The Society carries on the work in the new North- 
west India Conference as vigorously as the means at 
command permit. It has 54 day-sdiools, with 700 
girls; I English and vernacular school, with 78 pupils; 
105 Sunday-schools, where 3,500 children are taught; 
I medical school, with 15 students; and 115 Bilde 
women, who carry the Word of Life into the homes 
of the people; 6.S7 women are learning to read, and 
,1.974 other women are under religious instruction, of 
whom over ^,400 are Christian, the others Hindus and 
Molrammedans. Three boarding-schools were started 

India. 261 

in 1892; one at Ajmere, the "Avery, "fuiiilh for which 
were ct)iilril)ute(l by Mrs. Avery, of the Topeka 
Branch; another at Mcerut, the "Howard Plesled," 
due to the timely gifts of Mrs. W. Plcstcd, of Den- 
ver; a third at Aligarh, the corner-stone of which 
bears this inscription: "Louisa Soules (Jirls' Hoard- 
ing-school, i»94," Mrs. Soules, of Michigan, having 
given $6,000 to found it. A memorial bell to little 
Arthur Ninde Potts, the five-year old .son of Dr. Potts, 
of the Michigan Christian Advocate, was provided for 
this school by the children of the Advocate, and after 
bcautifidly ilnpressive dedicatory services at North- 
ville, Michigan, September 25. >>'95. it was sent oil its 
way to India, with the prayer that when its eloquent 
lips are touched by its fitting tongue, there shall .sound 
forth in svwet and loving vibrations its coniniand- 
atory insci'iption, "Little children, keep yourselves 
from idols." 


Chaptrr XI. 


Commenced in 1847 Woiiiiiii's work coniiiifnoiil in 185S 
Woiuan's l-'iirrign Missi<)nar> S<K-iity t-iMnnK-ncftl work 11^ 
1M71 .Norlli Cliinu \\ oniuii's work 1^71 Ciiitriil CliiiiM, 1S72 — 
Wfst Lliin.i, iHSj -DincuMlinuid in 1S.S5- Kioptiiid in iSy4. 

Ft)OCH()\V.— Bfforu the Society was orKatii/.ed, 
work Ix'Kiiii ill China l)y tlit wives of the 
Parent Hoard Missionaries. The lamented death of Mrs. 
Jane Isabel White, wife of one of the first two Method- 
ist missionaries to China in 1H47, which occurred a few 
months after the mission was opei'.-d, prevented the 
execution of plans for the benefit of Christian women 
in which she was so thdroUKhly interested, and for the 
carrying; out of which she was so admirably qualified. 
In January, 1848, a day school was opened by Mrs. 
H. C. Maclay, yvith ten girl.s, and continued seven 
years, with Mrs. Iv C. Gibson as as,sociate the last few 
years, Aniong other women who did pioneer work 
were Mrs. Nellie M. lialdwin, whose career of u.seful- 
ness soon terminated, Mrs. E. Iv. Baldwin, Mrs. Sites, 
Wheeler, and Lowry. Mrs. Baldwin and Mrs. Sites 
also did much for the workers at home in making 
them ac(iuainted, through the Jhnl/iin Woiiian^s Friend, 
with China and the Chinese. But prior to any efTort 
being put forth, the brethren were deeply convinced 
that China could not be fairly .started on the [)ath of 
progress until the daughters of the land were enlight- 
ened and elevated, and lliat there was little hope for 

• lfriW^?W7^- /^Tf^'^'f '^^ 

*• China. 363 

the rapid and permnnt'iit spread of Christianity until 

the women were reaclietl and powerfully influenced by 
tlie gospel. Ordinarily the women did not come to 
the chapels, and the men were not allowed to see them 
ill their homes. Hence, tlie brethren highly approved 
of the orKanization of the Society, and hailed it with 
delight, and placed on record in the Minutes of the 
I-'oochow Mission in 1H70, their pledged cooperation. 
When enfeebled health and pressure of domestic duties 
made it impracticable for the ladies of the Mi.ssion to 
continue day-scliools, the Mi.ssion at once took ad- 
vanced action with regard to the subject of the educa- 
tion of women, and sent .stirring ap])cals to the Board 
of Managers of the Mis,sionary Society, and to the 
Ladies' China Missionary Society, which resulted in 
the latter appropriating $5,000 for suitable buildings 
for a school, and in the former sending out the 
Sarah and Hculali Woolston. 

•On November 28, 1859, they opened the first Meth- 
odist Ciirls'' in China. For days only 
one girl came, then a few others came; all must be 
paid something, until at the close of the year, though 
fifteen had been admitted, only eight remained. Such 
an accumulation of obstacles, sucfi a combination of 
hostile elcme'its might, to le.s.s courageous spirits,' have 
seemed to continue the .struggle. On the 
9th of March, 1862, one of the pupils was baptized 
and received into the Church. This was the first fruit 
of a harvesti of .souls .since reaped from the school.- 
In 1866 the enrollment was twenty-.six, of whom eight 
were Church members. Two finished the five years' 
course and went back into heathen homes, but with 
the light of the gospel shining in their hearts. In 

264 IVo.n. i.v "s FoKS/ox A//ss/(W.i/ir Soc/STy. 

January, 1869, in conseciuence of impaired health, the 
sisters returned on a visit to the United States. J«i 
December, 1871. they went liaek to Foochow, un- 
der the new Woman's I'oreinii Missionary Society, 
and resumed the care of tlie Haltimore Female Acad- 
emy. Duriii); their al>seiice of three years, Mrs. S. 
Moore .Sites had char>;e of the school, and devoted her- 
.self with marked fidelity and success to the super- 
vision of its interests. An appropriation of Ji3,o(X) 
was made to enlarge and improve the hnildin^j. The 
administration of the school aimed at making lahor 
lionorahle; and ornamental needlework, housework, 
and hal)its of cleanliness, industry, thrift, and piety 
were taught, besides writing, geography, arithmetic, 
and astronomy. They studied the Hil)le more than 
anything else. In 1.S77 there wire thirty-one pupils, 
three of whom were pupil teadurs. Fourteen were 
members of the Clnireh. Thirty three girls had grad- 
uated from the scho<il .since the beginning, of whom 
six were teaching day-schools, and one was studying 
medicine. After six years of work under the Society, 
the Misses Woolston again came home, and left the 
school a second time with Mrs. Sites. Tlie Cliinese 
betrothal .sy.stem allows the girl no choice in a hus- 
band, only accpiicscence; but the foundlings had no 
one but the missionaries to attend to that: and what a 
"new departure" it must have been when four young 
men from the Theological School actually wooed and 
won four young women in this! Hut 
ley were required to wait two years until the girls 
.lad finished the course; then came the busy days of 
preparation. One of the young men brought Mrs. 
Sites $50 as the amount set apart by his family for his 

Llll\A. 265 

betrothed, and he wanted to jjive it to the school. 
Tliis slie refused to take under the cirtunistances, Iml 
allowed liini the privilege of speiidint; it on the little 
lady's trousseau. The same privilege -.vas granted the 
others, and from four to six weeks was spent in dress- 
making and jewelers' work, which was attended with 
exactness, although the parties never spoke to each 
other. Karly on the morning of June 26. 187'), four 
red bridal-chairs were wailing at the <loor of the 
.school-house; the last touches were put upon the 
toilets of the fmir young brides, they were closed in 
their chatsa, and while the church bell rang a merry 
peal, they were carried to the church, and placed Side 
by side, facing the altar. ICach bride was led to her 
place, when she was immediately joined by the bride- 
groom. The custon\ of keeping closely veiled, and 
this being a (piadruple wedding, some uneasiness was 
felt by the grooms lesl a mistake would be maile. Hut 
instead of the usual heavy red flannel plaid, Mrs. 
Sites had provided a rose-colored net which was ex- 
ceedingly becoming. No mistake was made. Kach 
young jireacher was married to the right girl, when 
they left for their new homes, froin fifteen, to two 
hundred and forty miles away, to become centers of 
Christian influence. Toward the close of the year 
1879, there was another conquest, another corona- 
tion—not in life, but in death. A sweet young girl of 
seventeen died. A short time before her death she 
gave her cash— a string of bright, large cash .she had 
been collecting for years, and greatly prized— to 
the Society. 

New educational methods were introducett, under 
the approval of the Mission, including the study of 

266 Woman's foKsn^y A/iw/njv.i/ty SociETr. 

V,»^\\s\\, tlic Chinese classics, iiiu.hIc, and other nccom- 
plishments. Mrs. Siles turned tlie scliool over to the 
Misses Woolston <m their retitrii in iKHo; Ixit tliey did 
not ai)i)riive, and would not adoj)t, tlicsi' new meas- 
ures, and retired from the work, with the highest op- 
preciation and esteem o( the missionaries of all 
Hoards represented in China, and of the Society with 
which they had been so long identified. They laid 
deep foundations, and during a (|iiarler of a century 
great changes had been brought about. I)ay-S(.'hools 
had been opened in the contiguous villages— holes in 
the dark, that shall one day make this whole system 
of lieathenisni fall to pieces ; Hible women's training 
.schools had been oyened, medical work introduced; 
and now the native Churcli desired more advanced 
training. The Society had received a most remark- 
able document from the native preachers, asking for 
the higher education of the women and girls, and 
pleading for it with an elo(|uence and wealth of illus- 
tration thoroughly Oriental. In December, 1883, 
these pioneers once more, and for the last time, turned 
their faces homeward. Mrs. Sites had preceded them 
in iHSi.and for a time the school was carried on by 
Kev. Sia Sek Ong and the wives of the uii.ssionarics. 
Then the Franco Chinese war came, and the school 
was broken up. In the fall of 1884 it seemed as 
though a new beginning had to be made. When 
Misses Jewell and iMsher reaclie<l Foochow, Novem- 
ber r;, i,S84, there were only seventeen girls in the 
.scliool. During the year there was an advance made 
all along the line, not only in numbers to forty-six, 
but in a higher standard of scholarship, a better classi- 
fication, greater neatness in apparel and rooms, a 


•TmfWfmff^rW • 



higher iiiorni standard, and increased spiritunlity. The 
school wns (;radcd in 18.S7, and Miss llonafield, in 
iSH.s, took charge of the woman's school, and Miss 
Hartford took Miss Jewell's place in the boarding- 
school dnriiig her ahseiice. An evvnt of great im- 
portanif was the purchase of iitw property, for wliich 
$ii,o(x) hail been appropriated. Ivarly marriages in- 
terfered with higher education; but notwithstanding 
the many who left, a class of six in 1K90 graduated, 
having finished the eight years' course. One returned 
for po.'^tgraduate work, three were employed as teach- 
ers, one studied medicine, and one became the wife of 
a young preacher. During those years there had 
been much mental and spiritual growth to encourage 
the toilers. In iMijo, Miss Sites took charge of the 
Music Department, and the name of Jesus and the 
story of his love, set to some sweet melody, was 
hymned out from native lips, promjitcd by a heart of 
gratitude, that must have made vSatan's kingdom 
tremble. That year Miss Kishcr became Mrs. Hre\v8- 
ter. In 1893 there was an enrollment of 105. and the 
ccmrse of .study was lengthened to ten years. Two 
hundred and fifty different girls had been in the .school 
during the ten years of Miss Jewell's snperiutend- 
ency, twenty of whom became teachers, and ten had 
studied medicine. Then she had to reliiKpiish her 
place and work, and come home with impaired health, 
leaving her heart's center in Cl\i0a. She has counted 
nothing too great an offering for the upbuilding of the 
-school. Miss Bonafield, Tier a.ssociate .since 1888, and 
her congenial and able assistant, Miss Wilkinson, took 
charge in 1S9S. and will carry out tlie plans already 
made until better ones are found. April 6, 1895, they 

a68 Woman's FoKKitiN AfissioNAur Society. 

uiuved into the new buitditiK, mid (.omiuciiced the 
Ihirly fi/l/i year of this .school. 

All uiipri'tedfiitt'd ri-\ ival w.isciijovcd ill Foochow 
,iii 1M94, whc-ii probably 2,(xx) coiivi'its witc received 
into the Chunli. 

HlMi lIwA. The seciiiid lioMrdiiig-school in tlie 
l"o(a-h()wC"infereiue was opened in lliii); Hwain iHyi, 
ealliil ihe " H.iniiltnn Ciirls' llonrding-schcxd." Its 
Kri>\\lh has lueii remarkable. Fifty pupils were re- 
poiteil at the end of the second year, and this, too, 
with an entrance examination re(|t^ired, nithongh n 
luinibcr were received in the Primary Department 
from [ilaces where there were no day-.schools. Many 
of the girls were converted ; twenty-eight joined the 
Church on probation, of whom twenty-'uie were re- 
ceived into full membership in 189V Upworth and 
Junior Leagues are maintained. Mrs. Urewsler de- 
voted her best energies in carrying forward tlie work 
until in 1892, when Miss Wil.son was .sent out. 

KfCHENC. — This school was 0|>ened in March, 
189.1, with twenty-five choice girls in attendance, who 
were selected from the day-schools in the district. It 
became at once a very promising school. The interest 
of the Christian people in it was most touchingly shown 
by their coming long distances to attend the examina- 
tions, and by their prayers so constantly ascending 
for its highest .success. 

HoKCiiiANi;.— In 1894, an appropriation was made 
for a fourth Oirls' Hoarding-school in the Foochow 
Conference, to be opened in Ilokchiang, the scene of 
Miss Trimble's reinarkabli} cvai\|gclistic labors. 

'll»T!^f5r-frrrWf'»f«*T^*!K^^ ; "^ 

China. 169 

lir KINC. I'.NC. 

In iHH4,thcri- voluntarily came to this country from 
China a Christian youuR lailv, ciKhtcen years of aKC 
and not yet bctrollK<l, whose personal history has lieen 
iiuntioiKil earlier in this volume. The family of her 
grandfather was the second which tnibraced Chris- 
tianity nearly lorty years au" Her grandfather, a 
military niand.irin of some rank, was also a soldier for 
Jesns and died a Christian. He left to the Methodi.Ht 
Church a legacy of six sons, the second of whom, Rev. 
Hii VouB Mi. the father of Miss llii, was known 
throuKhiint the Church as the " Johannian " |)reachtr. 
He was one of (he first iliiss of .seven native preachers 
ordained elders at the ornani/alion of the Foochow 
Conference by Hishop Wiley in iH;?, antl was at one 
time elected the reserve delegate to General Confer- 
ence. He was n pillar of strength in the Church in 
China, because of his piety and wisdom and literary 
ability ; having withal, .lu elo(|U<iit tongue, whii h, 
in the ardor of pulpit oratory, brought to his fine 
six foot physi(|uc a princely l)earing. At noon on 
Friday, June 30, iH<;3, he died of consumj)tion, and, 
dressed in bv-autiful, snow white .satin garments, he 
was laid to rest. 

The' mother of Hii is a lady brotight up in 
the polite society of the higher of Chinese life, 
and wears an embroidered shoe only three inches in 
length. Hut with the experience which conies to a 
noble-minded Christian woman in thirty 'years as the 
wife of a itinerant — in privations oft, and 
in persecutions beyond the power of |)en to narrate — 
she has become a model wonniu among her people. 

,«|Hli'IHip«l'l,t'" "'«>!"". •"g^lF^^fmv^'''V!WY- : ^'rflBy 

270 WOif A.y'.S FOKHIUN MlSMOWiKY SociKir. 

di-vdtui in a rctiiurkable decree to lur faiinly and llie 
Metlu>.li'4t Church 

Kiii){ Isiig i> till' Hccoiid (hiiiKhUr ol 11 luiiiily of 
five childrLMi. Ult lirothir, older, is an ordained 
pnai liiT. She has two >i-.tcri youiinfr than hi-rsclf, 
and a bruthch fortiiniK a most loving, happy I'aniily. 

And now tlie ttratiKcst part of all thi.s family hi.s- 
tory is, that KinK Ivnn should thus sever licrst-lf from 
all tlu'si' tender home ties to seek an education in a 
rorei({ii land to fit her to return to her home a^ain, 
carrying' healiiiK to the l)o<lie.s and joy to the hearts 
of the sufTerinK mothers and daughters of her native 
land. After n literary course in Delaware, Ohio, she 
entered the Woman's Medical College in I'hiladelphia, 
and took a thoroii^'li training in medicine and surgery, 
including a year of |)ostgra(luate study and hospital 
experience, and is now a thoroughly-ijualified medical 

King Hng was hapti/.ed in infancy by Dr. S. L. 
Baldwin. During lier ten years' stay in thi.s country 
she never laid aside her native dress. vSlie per- 
mitted to go home once, which was a matter of great 
comfort to her and her sick father. Her 
have been met by special directions and private bene- 
factions. She expects so<m to sail for her native 


men CLASS Si:.MIN'.\KV. 

Mrs. Ahok, the daughter of a mandarin, and widow 
of a princely merchant, who is actively engaged iy all 
Christian work, was solicited to lend her influence in 
189,1 in establishing a school for high-class natives 
(non-Christians^, a class hitherto unreached. These 
girls, daughters of wealthy mandarins, ex-mandarins, 

->w«5i-5r,-^'T'TT?ri'':7T' ^- 'tT'i^wT'vw f^ 

China. 171 

ur oflfic-iTH of various rniik, iiml also of litfrnrv mii- 
tk-tiii'ii iliKil>lc lo eiricic'tit rank, coiilil not, il llioy 
df«tiri-il il, l>c uiluiittcil to tlu' l-'ooiliow boardiiiK- 
W.I100I, hi-caUM; of its rule iinaiust ImiuikI WvX. Tlicy 
woiilil live and die for ci-nturiis to (onic witlioul 
Christ and without fducation rather than \ iild the 
custom of foot liindiuK, their tuurk of gentility. Miss 
Sites had iK-en inipresik^d with a desire that such as 
tliisc shoiilil have the (,'<)»j)el also, and though meet- 
inn "'•'' so'i'i' opposition, succeeded in opening the 
setnniary in Marih, iHyV II is located in a part of u 
house occupied hy a wealthy cx-niaiidarin's family. 
The women of this same rank came in crowdx to sec 
the foreii;n lady, and Miss Sites was invited to their 
different homes, and llierehy an opportunity to 
give the ^{ospel in all its love an<l comfort to those 
who had never before even heard the name of Jesus. 
A very complete course of study was laid out, inclu<l- 
inj; poetry and composition; so thai from the most 
critical point of view they can he called educated. 
I'linht Were eiirulKil the first war. aiid ten the .sfcond. 
These students pay their own way. The examina- 
tion-, in i,Si).i were attended hy over thirty liiuh class 
womi n from the city and vicinity, and many of China's 
caste Ix'Und M\U are looking toward this school with 
l<)n);iii^; hearts. Before tlie second year closed, all liut 
four had liecii received into the Church, and two of 
these were Church mend)ers. They began the study 
of the Bible and our hymns at the very beKiiminR. 
This is the of people in China^ who have power 
and influence. The school has shown itself an aneiit 
in overcoming pride and self rijjhteousness in .several 
of the homes; and the welcome accor<led Miss Sites 


nii<l luT Uac'liiiiKH ill it is ovirioiiiiiiK iIh' Miiiersii- 

tiuut iVarH of tlic coiiniioii |m;()|iIc. Thus the rich have 

the |{UH|K-I, too. 


Mr. Ahok wa.<t the ChriMtiiiii merchant who getier- 
otisly j{iivt.' ;^io,<K)oli) (omul our An)>l>> Chitit-Mi- Col- 
let;*^ in l''(K)cliow for boys, while he was yet a heathen; 
but he liked ChriMtianity, went to church sometimes, 
and saiil " he knew the doctrine is true, and the 
preachers are Rotxl." He was subsequently converted 
in this same school. Mrs. Ahok is the second wife, his 
first wife hnviiiK died. After this marriage he took 
up his residence in a very fine yamen, or Chinese 
house, besides which he also hatl an elegant 
house, furnislieil with carpets, pictures, piano, and 
e\erytliinK re<iuired for the reception and convenience 
of his foreij;n visitors. In these two houses he and 
Mrs. Aliok (lispen.sed the most generous hospitably. 
He (-ave a feast to Ilishop Bowman when visiting 
Foochow, when all the latest arrivals among mission- 
aries, with others, were invited to meet him. They 
sat down to a luncheon of fourteen courses, .served in 
silver dishes, with cups and spoons, as follows: 

l'i«-tiiail Jellv mill Iluck Liver. 
KoaHt l-'owl iiikI Iliiiii. 
S.ilted I'i«-feft an<l rrawii». 
I'reservi'd Iv){K ami SaiisaKe. 
Ilir<liu-Ht anil riKroii-efiK- 
."^liark I'iii ami Crati Ronsl I'at Uuck. 

Ilakfil Ciillle fisli. Roast riR-liver. 

Frii'il I'lit-asant. Cliirkm Soup. 

Stuffiiit; Itreail. Alnionil Tea. 

SpriiiK Rolled Cake. Sponge Cake. 

Melon Seed ami Alnioml. 
Pretcrved I'ruits. I'resh I'ruits. 

C/n\.i. i7.^ 

Mrs. Aliok, within a yviir nfU-r her huK))aiul He- 
came a Clirisiiiiii, l)ct'aiiii- si iimM earnest, loving, w"rt- 
inK <liH('i|>le ol' Cliii-.l, rt-iuly tn deny herself and Iiear 
the croHs in ways most trying to a Chinese lady. In 
her own hmise, for iier family and larjje retinue of 
servants, slie condiic-ted a weekly praycr-ineetinij;, Mr. 
Ahok sending to I)r S. L. Kaldwiti for a small orKaii 
for iwe in this strvii-e. Mr. Ahok conducted a like 
service with his tiiii)loyees in his counting room, and 
"remciiiUcred the Salil)atli day to keep it holy," 
though at Kieat cost in his secular business. In 1HH7, 
Mr. Ahuk went to SiuKai'orc, to Honjj Konjf, to 
Anioy, and I'ormosa, spcndin); ahoiit five inoiiths. 
He went to the jails aii<l |)ris<)iis to preach to the 
heathen al)oul the gospel of Christ. I'Uirly in 1K90, 
Miss llradshaw, of the Church of MiiKlaiid Zenana 
Jrlissiouary Society, went home to luiKhiud to recruit 
her health. Mr. Ahok had for some lime Ik-cii bur- 
dened with a desire to visit Ivii;;laiid or America, in 
order to impress upon Christian people the need of 
more missionaries. So be jiroposed to his wife to a'c- 
coiiipaiiy Miss Bradshaw, and in two days the brave 
little lady had inade up her mind to go and plead with 
the Women of luiglaiid to have mercy upon the women 
of China. She said ; " I can not think why more Chris- 
tians do not come to China; it be they 
do not know how our women are dying." During 
four mouths Mrs. Ahok pleaded the cause of her sis- 
ters before great audiences in C.reat Britain and Ire- 
land—speaking one hundred times in ninety days. 
Hers was no ordinary mission ; for never before had a 
lady belonging to the ancient aristocracy of the Em- 
pire of China cros.sed the ocean to appear before the 


274 lyoM.iJV's FoKKir.N Mi\si(>.\Aky Sncn:iy 

HritiKli inililic, nnd the little.\\v, intiiliKnit woniiiii 
fonml atti-iili\c and rrsixm^ixf listi'iurs nn slu- toUl 
tlu-iii, lliroiiKli :iii iiilfr|inlfr, tin- iariu-<l wish nl her 

()m- ilay Mr>. Alii>k was pasMii^ a larKc Kiisoioeti"'^ 
in the suhurhs, mul iii(|iiire<l what it wns. Ilir luiKlish 
friend explained that it was a reservoir ol' was liir liKht 
inK the London streets Tllen she wislied to know 
how it^ ^rol out of lliis KsijMiir totlie lamps. She 
was tiiTd It was 1>> means of many pipes laid aloiij; the 
roail. "(). my <lear friend," she said, "is not linnlnnd 
like (his nasinneter, a hix reservoir of nospel li^ht.and 
nn jHupleare perishing in the dark in far awav China .' 
Can not yon lUi for Ciod s linlit what yon do with >i>nr 
Kas, l.iy it on to distant plaees. and let them 

^ rejoiee in that lisht that you have so plentifully 

I in this lingland so favored l>y (io<l ?" 

Mrs. Ahok's return home was precipitated liy the 
iiilelli^enie of the serious dliuss of her hushand. She 
did not arrive in I'oochow until Se]itenit)er Mil, several 
days after his death. Relatives and fricnd.'4 met her 
at the mouth of the Min Kiver. in her hushand's house- 
boat. Dr. Sites amonj; them, whi> liroke to lier the sad 
news. She sat lil^e a statue Tor some time, then ut- 
terly broke down. " If I eoulil only see him ome more 
and tell Him all 1 have done in Kn(>lancl," slie jdain- 
tively said. 

Pi; KiNi..— At the first General I^xecutive Committee 
meeting in Hoston, !f.vx) was ap])ropri:ite<l for China, 
to be divided e<|ually anions I'oochoxr, I'ekinK, and 
Kiu kiang. I'reeeding this, Mrs. I.owry, wife of one 
of the I'arenl Board missionaries, had formed the nu- 


"■W,W"*'5'tr^^'^^' ^ ' 'sr^^lry-yrf ■'■^'^^'ffri^^'rw' 

CHIHA. it, 

cIciiH III a Kii'l'^' ^i^hiMi' ill I'l'kiiiK l>y iiHNiitiiiii^ tin- Mip 
port of twii little nifl". <;;iiti'rs ol ii nirvant In her 
eiii|ilii\ . lint I'ailiiiK to reci-ivc niti lioin luiiiic fur a 
wliool, K-'ve tlitiii ill iliarm' '" M'>'y I'orti r. of tlu- 
Anicrieaii Uoard Mission. In hfcciiilicr. i''<;i, Mikmh 
Brown and I'orter were a)i|Hiiiite(l to iVkinx, rmchinx 
that city Ajiril h, iH;v wlure tlicv founti every nr 
raii);enieiil had licvii made loi tluir ronifort At the 
second session ot the Cumiiiiltee, f i.Snowas ajipropri 
alcd for a school ImildiiiH Aii(;iiHt -'H, iH;.', a •« hool 
was opened witli one liri|{lit, nice loolciiiK' ^irl <>' thir- 
teen years The second day aiiollu-r ^irl came, then 
one more, anil tlie three constituted the Ciirls' lloard- 
iiiR siliool, which in iNi)| cnndled cnu- huii<ired pupils, 
besides I lie four da\ sihciols whiih have lieen estali- 
lislied. with sixty live pupils, all liy offeriiiK a considera- 
tion lor attcndnnce nuriiin that first \ ear fifteen nirl.s 
were admiltcd, hnt it the cl(»e only six reiiiiiincil. An 
inflexilile rei|niremeiit was made at the lieK'nniiiK, that 
every n\r\ with hound feel, upon eiiteriii)/ school, must 
unhind them and allow them a iiatn^iil ;;rowth. This 
was one of the first, if not the first school in China to ii|Hin taking otT the haiidanes froni the (eet. It 
met with some olijection.s. and Tor iiiiiny vcars acted 
as a barrier against the iii>;atheriiiK of pupils; for 
where could a motheriiilaw for a larnefooted ){irl b« 
fouiiil ! Hut as time went on, sentiment in favor ^rew, 
not only in the school, but alnon^c llie Church mem- 
bers, .md Iheie has been no lack of deinaiid, but 
rather of snppiv , for all girls of marriaj^eable age, de- 
spite their unbound feet. And the alliances made 
have probably, without exception, been better, from 
every point of view, than could have been secured 



276 Woman's FoKKii;\ MissiosAKV SociKTY. V^ 

from their own homes. Naturally, it "wcmld seem to 
be easier to clmnKe this time-honored custom at the 
ca|)ital, where the Manchus, who are in authority, do 
not bind the feet of their women. Another condi- 
tion this .school made was, that the girlS" be al- 
lowed to remain in .school until eighteen years old, 
and not be betrothed in the meantime without the 
consent of the missionaries. Some of their early 
views have been raoditied — concerning previous be- 
trothal in heathen families, and that of keeping girls ^ 
during vacation ; for it seemed better to risk crushing 
out the Chri.stian growth of the year, and let the girls 
have gradual induration to the inevitable condition of 
their after-life, r.^lher than complete isolation from 
them during the years of character-building. And 
perhaps in noway has a more powerful influence been 
exerted in distant country places toward breaking 
down prejudice and exciting interest than by these 
.school-girls, of whom every evil xvas predicted when 
they left their homes, returning to them year after 
year, reading Christian books, singing Christian 
hymns, and telling tales of their journeys and school- 
life, 4nd eagerly anxious at close of summer to return 
to school. 

The mission was re-enforced by Dr. Combs in 1S73, 
the first woman physician in the great empire of 
China. Brown married Mr. Davis, and is .still 
on the field. Miss Campbell went out in 1K75, and 
two years later Miss Porter was obliged to come home 
for a time, leaving Miss Campbell alone with the 
school, wijBrhrs. Davis's assistance two hours a day. 
After foijircen months thus passed, and two and a 
half years in the mission, breathing in the fever-laden' 

China. 277 

air, Miss CainplK-U suddenly died of typhus fever, 
May iS,*lif<*^* Porter had returned, and was with' 
her, ministering to her wants. The year before, Dr. 
Howard had come out, and her skill was supplemented 
by that pf other able physicians ; but all that medical 
skill and the aflTectionatc care of her companions could 
do was unavailing. She was buried Sunday, the 19th, 
in the .Ivnglish i-emetery, outside the city wall. Of 
the thirty ladies sent out by the Society, she was the 
first called away by death. In her the niis.sion lost 
one of its most earnest workers, and the entire Church 
a most devoted missionary. In 1879, Misses Cusli- 
man. Sears, and Vates had all been added to the mi.s- 
sion circle. The boarding-school enrolled forty-t^'o 
girls in 18X3, and Miss Cnshman tried the experiment 
of teaching music. Thirteen girls manifested sjiecial 
aptitude and 'perseverance, and made sufficient prog- 
ress to take their turn playing for chapel prayers. 
She also formed a literary society. Another very 
bold innovation on Chinese customs was the enforce- 
ment of silent study. The school now has a of 
.study planned'to cover eight years of moderate work. 
It scarcely exceeds that usually completed at fourteen 
or fifteen years of age in the first or second high- 
school year in our public schools. The course begins 
w\\.h" Saii-l~ci-(/iini;," followed by the Catechism, the 
Four Gosjiels, several of the longer Kpistles, with se- 
lections from others, and the Hook of Revelation 
committed to memory. At the .same time the pupils 
.study their own cla.ssics as far as the completion of 
the " Four Books," which are explained, when practi- 
cable, by i} Christian teacher. Old and New Te.sta- 
ment History, the Life of Christ, Hook of Acts, the 


278 IVoAf.ix 's Foreign MissioyAKY Soc/icry. 

Parables and Kvidences of Christianity, arc enil)raced 
in tiie Scripture course. Writing, aritliiiictic, geog- 
raphy, physiology, history, algebra, composition, vo- 
cal music, and normal work are carried through the 
year. Knglish is also taught to such as have sufficient 
ability and desire to learn it without interference with 
other regular work. But nine out of one hundred 

., pupils in the school in i,S94 were studying it. Much 
attention is i>aid to the development of orderly, sys- 
tematic habits ; an appreci.ition of the value of time 
to thein.sehes and others, and of bringing themselves 
and their work to time. While there is no regularly- 
organized Industrial Department, yet all the work 
of caring for their own rooms, school-rooms, dining- 
room, courts, setting of tables, wa.shing di.shes, the 
cutting out, n\aking, washing and mending of cloth- 
ing, is done by the pupils, the younger ones work- 
ing under the direction of the older ones, who are in 
turn supervised and held rcs]H)nsible for tlie work by 
the teachers. A division of the .school, long deter- 
mined upon, was brought about in iS9,^, when Mrs. 
Jewell was appointed to take tlie high school, and 
Miss Sears the Primary Wepartnient. This .school has 
never graduated a class, and the day does not seem 
near when it will be able to do so, the demand for the 
girls as wives or teachers being too great to allow 
keeping a class together lon^; enough. It is next to 
impossible to i)osti)onea marriage when the" mother-in- 
law's family " is ready for it. .Several of the girls have, 

- however, practically finished their course. Hoth of the 
de|);ntnienls are in charge of former pupils. At Man 
vSun is a boarding school of twenty-five girls, all with 
unbound feet, taught by a former ptipil ; also a day: 

China. tj^ 

school of forty-three at Pei Yin, taught by another. 
Teachers have also been supplied to the Tsun Hua 
boarding-school, and to the women's training-classes 
of Tientsin and Peking, whil^ two former pupils liv- 
ing in IVkiiig have charge of day-schools. In every 
case these girls are found superior, beyond compar- 
ison, to the best helpers to be obtained from among 
women wlio have only come under training after 
reacliing mature years. Some of the most serious 
ob.stacles to mission work are disappearing, and oji- 
portunitics for aggressive work were never greater. 
The war conditions in 1894 caused sonie interruptions 
in the .school ; other than that, the work was not 

The missionaries sent to Peking have been the Brown, Porter, Campbell, Cu.shman, Sears, 
Yates, Mrs. Jewell, the Mi.sses Green, Ketring, Wilsen, 
Hale, Frey, vSteere, Crosthwaite. Young, and l)rs. 
Combs, Howard, Akers,, Terry, Benn. and Ste- 
venson. Some of went to labor at other stations. Sears returned lioine in the summer of 1X95 
for treatiiient, and in December died in the hospital 
in Cleveland, whither she had gone for a surgical 

MissioN.XKv SociKTv. — An .-Vu.xiliary of the 
Wiinian's I'lircign Missionary Society was organized 
in ivi:;njr_ February, iSjC, co:r.p<« wf ail the luis- 
sionaries, and as many of the native women as would 
conic, in order to encourage the native Christians to 
give the little tlicy could .spare to help others to a 
knowk-ilgc of Christian doctrine. This Auxiliary grew 
to have a strong hold on the women. They never 

.a8o Woman's FoKF.iGN MissioNAKV Society. i 


forgot the day of the monthly meeting, and sent their 
dues when they could not be present. One old 
woman, as she lay dying, rcmenibffed it, and in her 
weakness handed out a string of cash to send to the 
meeting the next Saturday. Slie was gone before 
Saturday came. In peace she breathed her last, 
ripe fruit of the Peking At the first 
meeting one woman look out of her hair her only 
silver ornaments, and gave them to the Treasurer. 
Women were taught about India and Africa. "Let- 
ters" from this side were eagerly sought. At one time 
they had over $6 in the treasury, a total for .seven 
months, and repre.scnting more tlian #60 of an Amer- 
ican Auxiliary- What to do with it became (juite a 
(juestion. It 'was left entirely with the women to 
decide. "Send it to the American Society," said one. 
"That's so," said another, "they 'II know just where 
it's most needed." One bright, intelligent little 
woman, a school-teacher, said: "Think of those terrible 
black nan, eating each other up and suffering awfully. 
Let us send the money to them." But .some one else 
suggested that the Society would be sure to .send it 
where most needed, and so it was finally agreed that 
the money should be sent to tlie home Treasurer. 

The Woolston Auxiliary, conipo.scd of the mission- 
aries and their children, of Foochow, met at the home 
of Mrs. I'jnnia Nind Lacy, on May 7, i8qs, to hold a 
Thank-offerii,rg service, and the envelopes gave their 
various rca.sons for thankfulness. The collection 
amounted to 53''.i7. 


CniNK.SK Prayi'.ks are apt to be stately and 

formal at first; but praying does as much for the 

W:"^i^^^^^-W-'^^ ■■''■^"''^-"TiK^T*;'? f 

Ciii\,\. 281 

st.ntion-class heart, as stiuh ing does for the station- 
class mind. Miss CushinaTi, on hearing the girls in 
prayer-meeting, .said, "Their girlish voices were like 
sweetest music, as they told of longing to be more 
like Jesus, and of the help he gave them," and added: 
"I think of the two cents a week, of the few years of 
service given ; 1 e\en think of that lone grave just 
outside the city; then I think of forty-six girls on 
their knees at the feet, cT Jesus, and I say, ' It pays.' " 
It is profoundly touching to .see their faith in prayer. 
At one time a woman was sick who lived some dis- 
tance from Peking. .She had heard about the wonder- 
ful answers to prayer, and wanted some one to go 
right away and ask the missionaries to pray for her. 
A friend toiled to the n'lission and back, eight miles in 
all. on her little bound feet, that close connection 
might be established between the Peking mercy-seat, 
her own little river village, and heaven. 


N'o such statement could be made to-day a>i in 
Peking in 1H72, that "the Church ijicludcs no women, ' 
for many women members are found all through the 
several missions. Hut in China, as in other Oriental 
lands, men have very little to do with the conversion 
of heathen women. And yet the same statistical 
facts apjiear ; women equal, if they do luit exceed, the 
men in numerical membership. It would not be 
extravagant to state that one-half of the membership 
is composed of women and girls. These are the fruits 
of women's labors, for the part, and to a large 
degree of those sent out by the Society. A pastor 
hits a revival and an ingathering. The ap- 

■^^^mw^'j'^y'^ '-^ -w^-fW^m^^^ 

282 lVi>.i/A.\' 's /'OkiaGy Missionary Society. 

jit-ars in tlie GciR-ral Socit-ty's reports, but not in the 
woman's. Vet some of the hretliren say, in their 
e\-j)erience a hir^e jiereeiitage of this addition eanie 
from the girl's schools, woman's traiiiitiK classes, or, 
if away from the centers, as a result of itineration on 
the part of the workers of the Society. When other- — as for instance, when whole households have 
united together — the women knew not the power of 
the jjospel until taught hy "our girls, " directly or 
indireCVlv. In i.s.So, Mary Porter and- Mrs. Willetts 
visited a st.ition four hundred miles south of ^Vking, 
never hefore visited hy women missionaries, though 
frcijuentl^ hy men missionaries. There were a num- 
ber of Chinese women who had for .several years been 
members of the Church, and yet they asked in atnazed 
woniler: 'Can a woman pray? We never heard that 
God wanted to hear women pray." 


The diU'iculties in the way of reaching the 
of Cliina are to be overcome in no better way than by 
working along .sonie of the lines which have been 
found \.i9 be most eflective at home, where Sunday- 
schools occupy a very important place. The great 
re(|uisites are, of course, a superintendent, teachers, 
and .scholars, which, ha\ e all been met in the famous 
Peking Sunday s.;hool, which, in i.Sgo, had outgrown 
the chapel, and ha<l to meet in two divisions, one-half 
waiting until the outside women and chiKlreu were 
taken (lut before room could he made for the day- 
.scbool girls. When the l)oys and girls of the schools 
were iiresejU. the SuRda\-school often exceeded four 
hundred in attendance. The president of the Peking 

■ #"3»-'^';"^''''F;*=^''^-.-'''^4 X"*?;' 

China. 283 

Univtrsity, Dr. I.faiKkr rilclar, was sii])erintfiulent 
up to tlie liiiu- of lii^ (leatli^iu 1H93. Mrs. Gaiiuwell 
took Miss Cushniaii's class. It often hail no, and 
sometimes as many as ITJ were present, diildren 
from the iieighlxirhood. Tile projfrani is substan- 
tially the same as in rtiis land. The whole school 
meet' l(i);ether in the eh;.l>el for >;eneral devotional, 
exercises. When the superintendent announces that 
Mrs. C'laiuewell's class will jjo to its own room, there 
is a great uprising of girls of varying ages, some little 
more th:in babies, staggering beneath the weight of 
smaller ones ])erched (m their back^. .Some arc there 
with smoothly-combed hair and comparatively clean 
hands and faces, and some are scantily clothed, a bib 
or a pair of shoes constituting their entire outfit. 

The visible means that have been successf\il in 
bringing these children from their heathen homes to 
the Sunday-school have been the little picture-cards 
sent from America. 

(ireat changes are observed in the neighborhood, 
as the influence of tlie is made mani- 
fest, and tile singing of hymns t.ikes the place of call- 
ing tlie foreigners vile names. Though there are 
Sunday schoils in all the mi.ssions, there is said to be 
nothing in China like this wonderful vSunday school. 
At the clos.j >,;;-,. Gamewell stations herself at the 
door, telling lliem thejlmust go out orderly if they 
want a card, which they evidently "brieve. " Per- 
son s cards" are always the most attwlctive. 

Tsi N llr \.— Miss Vates made many country trips 
in iH."<-), Irodi Tientsin as a central jioiut, at one time 
sitting thirteen hours in the saddle. She also sni)er- 

^'sjtfW^i'fg?^'" I ' *i^%Y.:. ■■•^y':';:. 

284 Woman 's Fokeicn AfissiowiR r Society. 

iiitfiuled five day si'hoots. In i8S,^ slie went to Tsun 
Una for evangelistic purposes, and remained there 
alone, with no other foreigner, for six weeks, instruct- 
ing the women and organizing a day-school. Dr. 
Terry was appointed there in 1887, and in i.SKK, a 
home having heen provided, seven of the smaller girls 
were taken out of tlie Peking Cirls' Hoarding school 
and sent in two carts, with Tina for a teaclur, and 
Miss Hale in charge. In i.Syo there were thirty pu- 
pils. A local rebellion outside the Great Wall oc- 
curred in 1891, when the mis.sionaries were advised to 
leave for Tientsin. The rel)els were defeated, the 
mission property protected : hut the shock occasioned 
l)y the imminent peril and precipitate flight, added to 
the strain of overwork, told seriously on the mission- 
aries, and they came home. There were fifty-six girls 
in the .school in 189;^, and a day-school was started. 
Miss Cilover was then a])pointed to the boar^ng- 

Wl'ur.^— In 1885 a was opened in 
Wuhu, superintended by Mrs. Jackson, and taught 
by a member of the Kiu-kiang School. In 1887, Mrs. 
Jack.son's health failed, the school was closed, six of 
the little girls were taken to Nankin, and a boarding- 
school commenced there in 1888. Day-school work 
was begiui in 1891. Mai^ .24th, mob violence looted- 
both houses, the .school-bouse and the day-school 
building, and set fire to one of them ; but it was ex- 
Inignished before much damage was done. The school 
numbered twenty-five girls, twenty -one of whom were 



jsp>jij«5-.fvi?vr.rj>r: •^'^:'';£'i':^; ?A^ 

C///N.I. -'H.S 


Misses Howe and lloa^ rcaihetl Kiu-kiaiiK the 
test of November, 1872. Tlie day of their arrival the 
wonieii of the iiei>;hliorhood declared they would 
never send their girls to school to have those niission- 
arifes dig out their eyes, and send to America to make 
telescope lenses of, or to take gut their hearts and 
other vital organs to make medicines with. Besides 
no one could see an\ use for girls studying. A boy 
co\ild compete in the public examinations, and per- 
haps get a degree, or po.ssibly go on to higher degrees 
and become an official, but there was no .such induce- 
ment for a girl to study. If she did, she would 
to care for family affairs, neglect to comb her hair, and 
not know how to make her own shoes. Yet they 
opened the Kin kiang Girls' Hoarding-school, Jaimary 
1, 1.^7,?. with two little girls, one of whom ran away 
before niHlit. April 241I1 they had sixteen girls, and 
opened a da\ -school alxnit a mile away. This was the 
third station occujjied by the Society. In 1.H74 a riot 
occurred, when flie school-house was torn down, 
scarcely one brick being left uj)on another. 

Ini .VNTicini:, though common,* was said to be less 
frequent at this time than before the Government es- 
tablished a foundlings' asylum. Little girl-babies 
were left in baskets 1)\ the roadside, or at the gate. 
The three earliest missionaries, Misses Howe, Hoag, 
anil Wheeler,- all adopted little girls. They wanteil 
.something the Chinese could not take away from them 
without a moment's warning, as they did *Hie little 
school-girls they succeeded in getting together at that 
earl> time. The lifst one adopted was a little two- 

Mfutf.JdN Missro.\ARy S(H tEir. 


•,,I(li Kiiliii, the sixtli j;iil tiinii in tlic 
Iktn had liini hL'lrolliitl in l):il)\ liood, 
a^-ould liavL- liL-eti l)iU for the misfoitiiiic 
fliKeii l)()rii iindci the do^ slai, and Ihi' hoy 
(he was to have hecii betrothed ha\ inj; been 
t(ifer a cat ^tar. Miss Howe's personal teacher, 
10 M-a*iieij{hbor to the JaniiK , stiKKCsted tlie child 
UMf'i;'i''t'> the foreign ladies, and Miss Howe adopted 
'AHmtli Slie also ado])ted three I'oundlinKS, Julia, who i.s 
C^^uli. ■ or " Beautiful Clu vsantluiinun ;' N^an hse, 
ni,. English " I'eace and lla]ipiiiess " or l-'anny, who 
As two aiulalialf ytars old, aiHl lielle. called " liow- 
Ifil'^ or "Precious Shade." Miss Hoaj? also adopted 
PW, whom she learned Katie. Infanticide was talked 
ut with I'ainiliar unconcern. Miss Howes nurse 
not hesitate to say that her sister destro\ed eisht 
fant danj;hters with her own hands; her brother's'e was unwilling to preserve the life of her jjirl 
babies, while she, herself, took credit for sendinj; all 
her girls to the asylum. The school girls were not re- 
served in s])eaking of such circunistance.s in their own 
families. It is not that the Chinese are unaware of 
the guiltiness of this practice. Treatises and tracts in 
expostidalion arc in no wise novelties, but there seems 
little res|) in their hearts to these mute ajipcals, 
A certain reasoning on domestic economy, in which 
they are skillful, weighs down the balance against all 
other considerations. The pressure of poverty is a real- 
itv with the poorer classes. There is not much senti- 
ment in life for them ; girls do not aid them to sup- 
port the faniil> . and are an excrescence upon its life. 
It is common for women who had lost or disposed of 
their own child to take one from the asylum to care 

Cni.\A. 2S7 

for, as Ihoy wcrcallowi.-d i,i«hh\i?-1i i>tr iiikiiIIi. Miss 
Whct'lcr also took sonic of IIksc lilllc waifs; one slic 
called Tcntie, aiiollicr Dollie.aiul she iHiamc responsi 
l)k- for the sui)i)ort of still others, all of whom ha\e a 
history. Ten years later one of the Kiu-kiaiij; school- 
girls was the teacher at W'nlui. another was the nurs^ 
of the foundlings at Chin kiai\g, .still another was as- 
sistant to Dr. illoag in the dis])ensar\ , while yet 
another was stndyiiiK jnedicine with a view to dis- 
I)ensary work. Mrs. I, in, one of those early pupils, 
heeaiiie a teacher Tiiid class leader in ,Kwang Chi, 
where she won the respect of all the Christians there. 

In 1S73. .Miss Iloag coninienced work among 
women, and Miss Howe had the hoarding school. 
There were twcnt\ girls in the school, with \ery ])oor 
accomniodatidiis, and no pnjsjiict of being aUle to huy 
land to build on Miss Howe went to live with her 
" four babies ■' in a small nalixe house, rather than in 
the great house, where she hud to climb stairs and 
sleep and study in the same room with all the babies 
and nurses. I,.ind wis purchased in 1S76 outside the 
Concession, uithiii the cit\' walls, and at last, in 1.S77, 
the mission.iries moved out of the old rented ware- 
house which had accommodated the .school for five 
years, and which sometimes had six inches of water on 
the lower Hour when the river overflowed its banks, 
mo\ed out nf the old into the new, comfortable house 
in a healthy location. Miss Hoag came home in if^fy, 
and look a medical course in the Michigan liiiversity, 
and returned in i.SS;^, acconipanied by Miss Robinson, 
and went to Chin kiang and opened work there. 

For several years only one American family was 
stationed at Kinkiang, the nii.ssion being manned by 


2HS \Vl>^t.^y's FoKHK.N Afissio\ {RV Soctirrr. 

Iuik1<>'Ii>i«-'I) f»'' tlic (leiicrnl Sc)cift> . Miss Delia 
Howe and thrcf physicians iiR-riascil llic staff of 
workers between 1H74 and 1M79, l>nt in 1.S.S2 they had 
all returned. There was a dinerence of opinion ahont 
takinj; the school-girls through llie streets to cliajjel 
every day, between Miss Howe and tlie missionaries 
of tile Parent Hoard, when Miss Howe resigneil, in- 
|8H,^, and the school of fifty girls was consolidated 
with that of the Parent Board. In 1S.S7 she returned 
to Kin kiaug at the recptest of the superintendent, 
seconded by every member of llie mission there, and 
found no girls' school remaining. She reopened the 
school in September, iS.SS, witli the assistance of 
Frances Wheeler, lint witliont a girl from the former 
scliool, except her four, wliich she liad taken with her 
and brought hack again. The bretliren finally agreed 
with Miss Hiiwc about tlie mailer oxer wliich they 
differed, and exprcs.-.ed their complete satisfaction that 
the Society should liereafter manage girls' scliools. 
For seven years this scliool has onl>' admiltcd girls 
from Cliristiaii lamilies. and in iHcjs there were forty- 
five enrolled. There are five girls know Fjiglish 
well enough to study Latin. Three of them are Miss 
Howe's — Julia, b'anny, and Iklle; one is Annie vStoiie, 
a sister to Mary Stone; and cme is Frnie. the daughter 
of the tailor, the first girl that had her feel unlxuind 
in Kill kiang. Miss Howe's girls are indispensable, 
aS availal)le to her as .so tn.iny additional pairs of 
hands of her own, so true and loyal are they, — Helle, 
considered in iSi^^ "the best educated girl in China,'' 
has six clas-^es in the .school: Julia teaches in the liible 
.school and has charge of some of the sloie-rooms; and 
F"anii\ , so long iiiuler the musical iiistrucliou of Miss 

■' -'^'.?^ f . 'r"" 

China. a«9 

Wlietler, a fiilly-<iunlifuil iiiusii- teaoliiT. Hut July i6, 
1895. Fanny was niarriL'tl to a native jircaclitT, Mr.'IVai. 
In lSy2, Miss IIdwc cauK- to llii> country, I'tin^inK ^ 
part\ of young pcopli-, including ln.ta<l<>i)tt(l ilauKlittT 
Ida. anti Mai> Stone, who arc now in their third year 
in the Medical Department of the Michigan fuiversity, 
making a fine reconi, and expect to graduate in iHi)6, 
when they will return to China to enter upon their 
profession. Mary was elected secretary of her class 
of several hundred nienihers in 1895. Tile girls have 
greatly endeared themselves to tile people whom they 
have nut. and conimaud the respect and admiration 
of ail. They atteniled the (leueral Ivxecutive Coni- 
niittee meeting in St. I.ouis in 1^95. where they won 
many friemls. In the hospitable home where they 
were entertained, was an old gentlenian of tlireescore 
years and ten, wlio remarked to Ida : " I am glad you 
are going hack to your country as a ph\Mician. Your 
]K()ple need ])li\ >icians more than tliey need ini.ssioii- 
ariis." With her racial rexerence for old age, Ida 
turned aside, and lo her friends said in her modest 
fashion : "(), time is short ! Ivternity is long!" 

Miss Oghurn went out in 1S91, and Miss Stanton 
in i,S9-V Miss Howe returned in 1.S94. 

Cili.N-Ki.xNC. — A C'.irls' IJoarding school was opened 
in Chin kiaiig by Miss Robinson in January, 1S84. 
The live loniidlings left by Miss Howe in Kiu-kiang 
made a beginning here. Having no yard for them to 
pla\ in. a co\i]ile of ba.skets were bought and a coolie 
iiired to lake them to the hills, while tlie nurse holi- 
bled along on lier little feet. The noxt year they 
took two more fonndljngs. In 18K9. four new found- 

ago Woman's Foreign Missionaky SocrErr. 

liiiK-s were taken, and the older ones were proinotcd 
ffDiii the nursery to tlie si-hool. Miss W'liite was sent 
to Miss Robinson's assistance in iK9r. 

There was some riotous disturbance in iHy3, but 
they were able to conduct the examinations properly, 
and' closed the spriuK term with a literary entertain- 
ment, the first pid)lic attempt of the kind in the school. 
Music and gymnastics found a worthy place in .the 
curriculum tlirough Miss White's instructions. ICng- is not taught in this school. Two ])ri/.es were 
offered in 189.^ by friends of the school, one for the 
best synopsis on Martin's Evidences of Christianity, 
and one for the best understanding of Scripture 
truths. Members of the foreign ctminiunity, out.side 
the mission circles, have become interested in the 
school, and from time to time have contributed sup- 
plies for the clothing of the chihlren. They have 
furnished employment for the older girls, such a.s 
knitting, darning, and embroidery. In this same year 
the anti-foreign feeling spreading along the river oc- 
casioned some alarm. This was stimulated by some 
infamous books which were circulated, increasing the 
prejudices of the Chinese against the nii.ssionaries, and 
the cry of " Kill the foreign devil!" was again heard on 
the .streets. 

Applications the following year were received for 
three teachers, but only one was sent out. She went 
to the "Arvilla Lake" school at Nankin, and, in a 
sense became the first graduate. Another girl, who 
had received excellent preparation through the instruc- 
tion of Dr. Hoag, became her assistant in the di.spen- 
sary. Two other girls devoted part of their time in 
hospital and dispensary work. Two societies of Teni- 

'.aj^Jijassg^R^^^- %:• ^^y'y^ "ry'iv-'y--- ./■^ ,:s',;!(-'-3.:f'^rv 

Ciii\.\ 291 

JK-rance and ICpworth I.iaHiK' are \^rt;{\\. soiirci'S of 
power in tlif .spiritual anil pliilaiitliropJfc cdncation 
of th^ir inciul)ers. All arc Christians. 

Thus Miss Robinson has had the pleasure of .seeinjj 
the little day-school nucleus in 18.S4 develop into a 
model ).;irls' institute, and several of its fjraduates go 
out Id work in other l)laces. This institution has 
grown int(V favor with the local litrrali. and well de- 
serves the rep\itatiou it has (rtnong the foreigners of 
Central China. During the ahsence of Miss Robinson 
on her first home vac.-ition, in iSys, the nianagment 
was left entirely to Miss I, aura White, who is also 
fully devoting her time and talents for the raising up 
of China's daughters, 


CiirxcKiNC. — The West China Mission exists, and 
was planned and inaugurated by Rev. J. F. Goucher. 
Dr. L. N. Wheeler, who had opened the North China 
and the Central China Missions of the Parent hoard, 
was sent in iS.S^ to open this new wurk. The long, 
))erilons journey — two months from Shanghai — is only 
[lossible in boats at certain seasons of the year, over 
rocks and waterfalls, on the River Vangtse, which con- 
vinces one that heroism and enterprise are not 
• arts in the Christian Church. Dr. Wheeler wrote back 
to the Church : " Here we have entered ui)on the ex- 
jiloration of the largest and most wealtliy jirovince in 
the I'!ni)iire, unexcelled b\ any country in the world 
for beauty and fertility, but untaught millions 
dwell in the shadow of death. " 

Miss Wheeler opened a girls' school, October i, 
1883, and had twenty-eight pupils. She got along 
bravely alone, and might have had one hundred girls 



29.' H'otr.tx's FoKh:r(;N Afrss/ON^r Socikiv. 

if tlKie had 1r-i-h room tft ni;coiniii(Hlale, tlicm. In 
less lliaii llirtr moiitlis si-viTal of tlif nirls suii^; two 
soii(;s i-omotly al a Christmas c-ntiTlaimiifiit, altlioUKh 
hefori- L-nti-iinj; schi)i>l llic-v had not liiiown a charac- 
ter luir heard a tiiHc siiiiK In Dcccuilicr, iSS4,Miss 
Howe, wlio had hccn appointed to tliis work, re-en- 
forced Miss W'hetlcr. Tlierc were forty K'rls en- 
rolled, and i)roperty was lionght for :S.S,o(>o. The 
wrelcheil Iraflu' in Chinese ^;irls i> carried on here, 
and nntnl>ers are shipped down the river and sold into 
sla\er\ worse than death. One niornin); Miss Wheeler 
was astonished liy lieariiiK some of the i;irls say "a 
j;irl had hem sold." They met her as she was car- 
ried on her father's hack thron>;h the streets, and 
called lint toiler, ■Where are yon U"'"K* The re- 
s|i()n>e was, " I am sold." The inhnnian father had 
actually sold the child into slavery. After consi<ler- 
aUle tronhle, an<l by pavinj; some niniuN , the ladies 
j;ol her hack into the school. 

Then came the notable riot of June ,v 1*<X''. sud- 
denly oxerthrowing all the work, and breaking,;, u)) the 
mission. Miss Howe, with her four )^\r\<: and 
Wheeler, with .\););ie, one of the Chun^kin^j ori)hans 
she had adoi)ted. passed tlirt hkIi the ^ate. leaving a 
<lo/en or so or]>hans with three native women ; on 
llu\ went to the Ttiission coni|)onnd, as Brother Game- 
well had dircctid. Then, in sedan chairs, under the 
escort of a small official, the whole party were carried 
to the house of the (jflicial. They were moved from 
])lace to place until, at midnijjht, they reached the 
house of the district magistrate, where, before morn- 
ing, all the missionaries of the place were gathered. 
Next morning the magistrate sent chairs and brought 

-■fs#^r^ ■S'^^Tp^' ■■■'.'•%■;.•.' ?•'< '■: . T'-'^, ''-^VPiP; 

»• ■" ' - » 

rwMjfc 293 

in Miss Howe's four girls, slie liad sciitVl't'iii. in her 
fliKlit, to till- home of one of her Sunday-school boys, 
not knowing if she would ever see them again. 

They all remained two weeks in the lionse of the 
official, in great danger from the ijiigry mol). Now 
and then articles .saved from the looters hy .some of 
the friendly Chinese were brought in. Five Itibles 
were brought belonging to Miss Howe's es])ecial fam- 
ily, four Chinese and one luiglish, The sixteen year- 
old Sunday-school boy above referred to, brought Miss 
Howe S.VJo worth of silver which he had .secured from 
the where .she kept it, before the mob had 
reached tlair house. This silver ])urchased change.s of 
clothing I Chinese I for the entire jtarty — men, women, 
and children, our own and the China Inland Mis.sion — 
and paid their fare down the river Is far as Ichang. 
Owing to the swollen waters the journey was accom- 
plished in four days that took them thirty days to 
make going up. I'rnm thence they went by .steamer 
to Chin kiang, where Miss Howe remained with her 
four girls until December, when they returned to Kiu- 
kiang, and she, with Miss Wheeler, reo[x'ned the 
school there, as before stated el.sewherc. 

In iSi^). the work was reopened in Chungking, after 
eight years. Mrs. Philander Smith gave ?4,cxx) for a 
Deaconess Home, and Misses Galloway, Meyer, and 
Kissack went out as, the as a 
nurse deaconess. 


These are taught by native Chri.stiau women that 
have been educated in the mi.ssion school. The la- 
dies visit these schools once a week, and hear the re- 



294 WoAr.iN's FoKEiGN AfissioyARY Society, 

view lessons of the girls. These are usually Scripture 
lessons; for ilie Bible is the princiiml tcxt-b<x)k. The 
double object of these schools is to introduce Chris- 
tianity in heathen homes tlirough the lessons learned, 
and to provide schools ("or learning to read. Few 
women take advantage of the opportunity offered 
them, so tlie day-schools are largely composed of girls 
from five to fifteen years of age. There have been 
instances where a little girl of six an<l a gi.iy-haired 
woman of sixty sat side by side studying the same 
books. The first for girls was organized 
under the Society by Mrs. Sites, March i, 1S72, at 
Ick-iong. In 1H95, there were in the I-'oochow Confer- 
ence .seventy-five day-schools, with an enrollment of 
1,1,^7. At first, girls had to l)e paid to attend school, 
and all over eight years received ten (a penny) a 
day. This custom continued for over eight years, 
when a change was made, of giving a money reward 
for each book recited. ' The four Gospels, the P.salms, 
etc., each had a specified reward, and the niis.sionaries 
were .always present to hear the final recitation. The 
schools soon n.-covered from the shock felt by such a 
radical change, .\gaiti, in 1.H92, experimental schools 
were tried without any reward. Kucheng took the 
lead, with no money reward and very little in the way 
of presents. Foochow gave no money reward, but a 
little more in the way of presents — such as a fan, a 
lead-pencil, and a few bright cards. Hokchiang and 
Haitang changed slowly; l)ut at the examinations all 
received presents, and the best of good-will prevailed. 
I ling Ilwa had not taken the advance stej); but at 
the District Conference, in 1893. they got the neces- 
sary light, and even voted to discontinue all awards. 


i^Hir r5«'^''.>". ■ wf^'V- >?• rv'"' ' ' % "i/i-.f :' ' \w%nyW 

China. 295 

Day-schools are also held in PekinK. Tientsin, Kiu- 
kiang, Tsun Hua, Nankin, and ChungkiuK. 


Orphanage work in Foochow has l)een somewhat 
intermitting. The first experienif, in 1S61, was car- 
ried on by the married ladies, and snpported by busi- 
ness men in the city — Chinese, Ivnglish, and American. 
Many children were received, more were refused, some 
died. In 1X71, about twenty were transferred to the 
Girls' Hoarding-school, forming a I'riniary Department, 
and the Orjjhanage was clo.sed. There were so many 
impositions to contend with. If a baby girl was not 
welcomed, she was rolled up in an apron and laid at 
the door ; and people who would not have drowned 
them — the usual n\ode of disposing of these unwel- 
come baby girls — left them at the mission gate because 
they knew they would be better cared for ; in some 
instances the mothers, as did Moses' mother, offering 
herself as a for the new infant. Alx)ut the year 
I.S8H the Orphanage was again resumed in a modified 
way, and orphans were placed in Christian families, 
and a call for a building was again renewed. Hr. 
Corey, on her enforced return to this land, awakened 
much interest, and was authorized to solicit funds for 
the building. In 1.S91 an appropriation was made, 
and a building put up, to be known as the " Mary K. 
Crook Memorial." A tablet is placed over one door, 
lettered in gold and black, and bears the name of Dr. 
Katliie Corcy-Kord, while a similar one over another 
door has the name of Lulie Kawlings. In i,Si>3 the 
little waifs were gathered into Foochow, and Mrs. 
Lacy took them under her supervi.sion. Most of them 

•^*5f^ -^^v^ ^"/"isws^^ j^ ■! 4-- ^•'"^■^f.^inmr:- 

296 Woman 's Fokbicn A//ss/o.\'.ik »• So( iety. 

had been cast out from Immes of nl)ject poverty and 
lieatlien wrttclicdness ; ninny of tlieni with diseased 
l)0<lies; some of tliein sick ni^li unto death. Twenty 
children were placed in the new Orplianage, March 12, 
1893 — the oldest, thirteen years; the youngest, a day 
old. Christian women are employed to care for them, 
who not only attend to their physical wants, but teach 
their lisping lips to pray and sing sweet songs of Jesus 
and his love. During the sessions of the Anniial and 
the Woman's Conferences in 1894, in Foochow, on the 
morning of the 26th of November, in the tent, Mrs. 
Lacy presented eleven of the orphans for baptism, 
after a .sermon by Bishop Ninde. Over one hundred 
"adults and children of tlie Cliristians were bai)ti/.ed. 
Mrs. Mary C. Nind, wlio was present, said: " It was 
worth coming all the way to h'oocliow to witness." 

WORK .VMONC. Till'; \V()Mi;\. 

Tliis is a iiard work, fraught with many difficul- 
ties. The wnmen are luieducated, under ])ecHliar sub- 
jection and slavery to their husbands, largely kept 
secluded, especially from public asseniblie-!, bound by 
many customs that cause niucli suffering, and fettered 
V as with a strong chain by the superstition everywhere 

prevalent. In 1*72, in Peking, Mrs. Wheeler, of the 
* Parent Hoard, and Miss Brown commenced calling 

r upon the women, and opened a woman's meeting. At 

the first <iiie. three hours before the time appointed, 
((uite a miniber of woiiilii liad gathered, and when the 
meeting opened there were abont forty women pre.s- 
ent. Subsequently the attendance was not so large. 
The work of the mi.ssion had only just begun, and 
the Church menibershii) in I'ekiug was very small, and 


Tr'/ "fr-: • ^ f ^ vv 



iii't'ii iiiiiiniiL'u ic> iiii'iii 
c(>|h|1 Chuicli. the (\T» 
IwcTuprohaliimcTH six 

tuiiji;^th^^J)irtli|)l;ici- ol' Confucius and Mfnciu-s, 4? 
iiiik'jA-Mw'. wanted to know of tho "doctrined." ar 
made vhejuiirney of sixteen days to IVkinu in a wlicc 

incliuled no women. A lieatlivn woman had tu be em- 
ployed as matron in the K'r's' .school. The teaehers 
were all men frnni necessity. Later, in 1.S72, there 
knelt at tlie l)n|>tisnml altig- three women, who had 
heeii admitted to meinhership in the Methodist I'lpis- 
"irst in North China. They had" 
months under the religions in- 
struction of Misses Hrown and Porter. November 
2<S. Il^-t two of the pupils from the school were eon- 
vertewa^d received into the Clnircli. the first fruits 
froei WaTflource. The vear 1H/7 opened, and still no 
Ilihte miMen at work rcKularly. One woman of un- 
usual iiaMpstness. Wang Nainai.a widow from. Shan- 


- i-y,,- .• .lys to I'ekniK ina whcel- 

barrov^^^shed by her .son. She brought her two 
daiiKliti^rsA'l'Tra and .Sarah, with her. There were no 
Iriends jnijfer home to v;ive her sympathy and encour- 
agemepw .,"|Kverybody laughed and prophesied all .sorts 
of evil.jbal&H her "cra/y," and said, "You can never 
learn t(?*e)lidi" Hut she not only learned to read, but 
l)ecani& |kn^ of the most efrieient helpers in the North 
Chin.j .\W.s.siliii. .She was employed first as dav-school 
teaclif [, |]ion hospital assistant, Hible reader, and trav- 
eling cotkfiiiiupn. The son who pu.shed the wheel- 
barn iw^lkt^aUj^ a trustetl helper; the girls studied in 
the si'hjMtl, C|'4ra becomnig one of the best pupils that 
had e\et:enten^l" When she was borne away in a red 
Chinese custom, as the bride of the 
pen into her place, ma^e g<)o<l prog- 
ts, j-endered efficient help in the 
site, too, went out the gate into 

3 '%L 


39H W0.\rAN'S FOKKlcrf AflSSIOSARY SociKTr. > * 

a little parsoniiKc ns the bride of one of the brightest 
Kriuhiates from thi- IVkinn I'liivcrsity. Mins I'drter- 
visiteil Cliincsc villuKc^, wlierc Churches had been 
established to select ,won\eM suitable for trainini^ as 
Bible readers. In \^\\ she weUt to Tiuntsin and 
opened a training school. To this work she had given 
niui'li tliougbi, labor, and prayer for years, and the 
plans she had revolved, niifolded and incrca.sed as the 
work progressed. After Miss I'orter's marriage, in 
1H.H2, to Mr. Damewell, the training-school was re- 
moved to I'l'.KiNC, to the vacant hosi>ital buildings, 
where it remained under lier direction until they went 
to Chuiigkinv; in 1.SS4. .\l>out tliistinie MissCushman 
had returned from a visit in the home land, with 55oo 
to invest for a friend. With it she bought a piece of 
(iroiwrty, which was fitted up for the training-school.. 
Mrs. Cfamewell opened day sdiools in various places. 
In 18.HH she engaged "a lovely old lady, dear Chen' 
Xaiuai," in the training-school, to help her. She was 
sixty-eight years old, but Aeeraed younger. In time 
.she was overtaken by sickness, and when visited by 
Miss Cusliinan, who told her how much .she wanted 
lier to get well, and how necessary she seemed to the 
work, Chen Nainai protested, saying: " I can't help 
build the Lord's lioiise. I'm not a carpenter, nor a 
mason. 1 can only carry a little pla.ster for the ma- 
son's use" Hut her poor, tired, inaimed feel were 
hound foi tlic last time, and she was laid to rest beside 
her liti.sband, the first ineinlier of our I'ekin Church. 
In September, 1.S.S4 tlie training-school was again 
reopened in Tientsin, with five women, and in 1S93 
a sei>arate building was put up for it. The study was 
confined to the liible and work upon its doctrines. 


' China. , 399 

Industrial training was introduced after a time, which 
became an eiudunnfinn feature. As most of tlie 
women were too old to unbind their feet, this was not 
made a Cfmdition of entrnncc as in the boarding- 

Woman's work was conuneiiced in \.\nkinc., in 
l«.S7, by Mlla Sliaw. wliicli was lar^jeiy evangelistic. 

Miss Shaw came home in iSiu, and toolc a course of 

study in the Cliicago Training school, returning in 

1894. Miss I'eters liad been reinovcd from Chin kiang, 
and entered upon tlie work of house tohouse visita- 
tion, receiving also the women in her, more 
tlian one thousand calling to see her the first year. 
Tliis gave the women a cliance to see the neat, clean, 
comfortable house. It was teaching by sight. The 
" Arvilla Lake Home " was |iiit up in 1S94 for a train- 
ing school, and a systematic course entered upon. 
Miss I'eters sent to I''oocliow for a Hible woman to 
help her. N'ankiti was a long way from Foochow, 
the language and customs were very different, but a 
woman was found l)rave enough logo.. .She was a 
timiil, poor little widow, with a heart lillerl with the 
love of God, and her greatest delight was in helping 
to save souls. She thus became the first foreign mis- 
sionar\ . among the women, in Chinese Methodism. 

Tlic first woman who came to call on the Misses 
Howe and Iloag in Kit-Ki.VNC,, in 1K72. was Mrs. 
Slie (Mary Stone's mother — She, being Anglicized, 
Stone), who was then a professed Christian; for her 
husband ha<l become a convert, and began to jiractice 
his new faith by teaching his wife to read the Hible. Howe invited her to come and read it with her 
every day, which .she did for several years; and no 





300 Woman's FossraN MissiowiKV Socikiy. 

doubt imii'h of lur al'tcr iisefiilrii>s could lie traced to 
those years of prepsiratinii. Her active service coin- 
iiifiiccil at oiu'c, and soiiie ol' tlic ri-sidls arc still 
apjinrciit She used to ^o out and invite the women 
to come to the wc(^kly niectin;;, when she was the 
piincipal sjwaker. The women were taught to rea<l 
the few hymns that had heen translated. One woman, 
a Mrs. Ya, hccame s]Kcially interested; but after a few 
months she was lost to sij>hl. Seven years later she 
appeared, saving;: " M> husband has died, and now I 
am free to profess opeidy the faith I have secretly 
cherished all these years." She was thorouKhly •."o" 
verted, and liecainc htmlened for her son, who also 
was ilearl> coMvertcd/luid lpc^;an to preach. lie was 
ordained by Hisliop Ninde in iN'j-i, and is considered 
the stron^!est man on the staff of native preachers. 
All this, aTiil how nuuh more, ^jrowinj; out of Mrs. 
She's faithfulness. Kiu kianj; is ipiite a "literary 
city," and soon after the arrival of the first mission- 
aries in iH;^, as many as ei^ht women came to their 
notice who co\dd A plan was formed of netting 
them to study the liible. and afterward employ them 
as Hible women One of these wi>men, Mrs. Tanj;, 
was secured as teacher in the schoil. She also did 
service as a Hilile woman. Mrs. She was twenty-nine 
years old. and Mrs. Tan^ three years older. They 
received very unkind words and much abuse as they 
went every clay into the public streets. They were 
obliged to hear Ian^;uaKe concerning their character 
vile in the extreme, and from which every true 
woman in China, as in other lands, would seek to 
shielil themselves: but with .1 moral coura^je Christian 
lauds do not witness, they separated themselves to 


* fp^ry **-Tw«^»ji 

CHIN.\. 301 

tliin work Iti .\|iril, iH;^ Mrs. Slie Imil aii infant 
(IniiKlitci. She piDiiiisi-d Ooil that Ikt feet >lii)iilil 
nevi-r lie lioun<l. The child, shi: knew, wiiiihl Ik' an 
nl)ji'ct of Morn, liiit sill- trusted she wouUI also be a 
jjospel of linin.inity. Nineteen years afterwanl. this 
jjirl, M.irv Stone tlie first nirl in all Central China 
bronchi n|> l>y Ikt own parents with natnral feet — 
entereil the Medieul Department of the MieliiK'an I'ni 
versit\. without eon<lition, un<l during her three years, 
down to the present time, has made a fine record both 
a.s a pupil and in her Christian life. A woman's 
school was established to ^ive the wives of helpers 
and other suitable women training in the knowledge 
of the Hible, and in the characters of their own 
laiiKuane. There Were seven in the school in 1X1)4. 
Conference examinations are held, when the women 
show -.uch ajititude as au'eeably tr) .surprise the Com- 

\'ery unexpectedly a of fourteen women 
came to Mr. Terrv in Tsin Hr.\. in iHi^o. to be 
instructed in the "iloctriues.' aTid also learn to read. 
A traiiiiii^ class was ornani/ed. with thirty women, 
whose anes ranged from sixteen to sixty. 

When Dr. Wheeler opened the West China Mis- 
sion at CnrN<;KiN<i in i^^^.v he spoke from his larj^e 
exjierience in all the missions, and said: " Nowhere in 
China are women so ,-iccessible to their foreign sisters 
as here." In 1N.S4, Miss Wheeler would go t'> Hie 
chai>el on Sunday, and talk and sinj? to crowds of 
from four hundred to five hundred women and girls. 
( >ul\ .1 ])arl of the many were able to find sittings; for 
it was estimated, during the hour for service, some- 
where near four thousand people either entered or 


'fT'r^ "' '•' I'.niw ^iV »,;x'ip;:7" ■' ,■'.'"' - t: T'T; ' - 

30J Wd.W.I/V'.'i l-OKKIiiN MUtSIONAIir SociKir. 

(vrri- Ki>theri-(l atMxit iIk' (rout y,aiQ. TIhim.* wlio coiilit 
hear, li<ttciK-il very attentively, niid tile behavior of all 
wan, on the whule, iiM g<»<«l as eotiltl he »x|»ite(l 

Foocilow.— The experiiiKiit was early tried, of 
semliiiK out wotiun as ileai oik'shch who showed 
natural ^\i\.s: hut it was soon discovircd their lack of 
e(|ui|>iueiit. either in the llihle or Church doetrineH, 
reu<lcred them unalilf to meet the ijue.stious |iiit to 
them. They could not leave their homes and ko tens 
of miles to study with tlu- missionaries. So a plan 
was arranged h\ which three or lour came together to 
stuily with the native preacher at a central station 
near them This was very helpful to many women. 
But in Decemher, 1H79, Mrs. Sites opened the first 
training-school for Ililile women in I'oochow, for a 
two years' regular course of instruction. They were 
trained l)y Mrs. Sites. Clmuiller, and Ohliugcr. From 
tH84 to iHNy this school was connected with the Girls' 
Koarding school, but was again reopened September 
9th of that last year. In iH(y«i. there were Cifty difTer- 
ent women during the >ear in school for three or four 
mouths at a time, long eixiugh to learn how to lead 
Christian lives. A kindergarten was ojieucd for chil- 
dren frdm four to five years of age, which relieved the 
mothers, kept the children out of mischief, and gave 
them an excellent start in stndy. The closing term 
in iKy^ had twenty-five women taking the regular 
course, and twelve children in the kindergarten. 

Hinc; IIwa. — The woman's .school — called the 
"Juliet Turner Memorial School" — at Hing Hwacity, 
is under the .supervision of Mrs. Brewster. In 1893, 

tliiTf wan an fiirollnunt of t«»'iilyii'"f wdiikmi. Tlii.s 
school has twiHle|KirtiiR'lit> The work ol one coviTh 
a year, and all in Koinaiii/uil Colli>i|uial. 'I'lu- wuinen 
read John. Murk, the CitK-thisni. and Ihv Kilile Pic- 
lure l)<M)k, 'l"he trainini/viiool proper only receives 
those who are •tpiciaily litti<l (or workers, and tluir 
studies are in the native ilassiial iliaracter. covering 
a course of four years. ,\ kindergarten was intro- 
duted in i^<;,v 

Im; Cms'c;. — In iKijv there were twelve women 
in attendance at the lu^; Chung school. Of these, eight 
lia<l tiny. l)ound feet; but six of iheni were led to un- 
liind. Some of the women have heen per»ecute<l : ))ut 
they liavc .stood linn Mrs. McNubh was in charge 
until she was obliged to return home, in 1K94. 

Ki'ciiKNc;.— The women's .school was first tunght 
by one of the native preachers, relea.sed from Confer- 
ence for the Work. The pupils follow the course of 
study for day school teachers and llible women— that 
is, reading Mxodus, Proverbs, Pilgrim's Progress, nnd 
Life of Wesley in classical, and the three Character 
Classics for girls. The women go o\it once a week, 
visiting from to house. In 1H93, nine women 
passe<l very ("ine examinations. Nearly all the preach- 
ers from over the district were present, and all were 
surpri.sed that women could do so well. Five at once 
opened day-schools ; one of the older ones took exam- 
ination for deaconess. Hartford lived here three 
years alone until 'Xi)^. In' 1S94, there were twenty 
women in the school, one or two of whom paid all their 
own exjH;nses. All the women unbound their feet, 

,V>4 ^' >*f "* 'S /•■< <KK"-N MlSSIOS. \KV SoCIKTY. 

tliu»t|)T<)viiiK llieir love lor (lo<l stroiiKiT tliiiii their fear 
of nclii Ilk-. Thi*- school has Ihc honor of seliiliilK ""t 
till' lir»l mishjoiiar) Iroiii tin- ImmkIiow Conference, 
Hii I-ai Sui, who went to Nankin in I«<J4. In the ter- 
ril>K- massacre of men, women, and chiMren in |H()S, 
when several of the missionaries of other lloajcls, with 
our5. Were ont a few miles to Kn> hent;, a nionntain 
resort. Miss Hartford was wmiiidcd and thrown to 
the gronml, wluii one of the native helpers rushed 
\i|ion her innrderons assailant, and, hy his heroic 
efforts, nscnrd her. - 

HoKiMivNC. -This school, under the supervision 
()( .MissTrimhU, was oim ne<l in Nfarch. i, Hi; ^, with an 
eiirolhiHiit of twenlN , and was a success froni the first. 
'l"wo facts of special interest mark that first \ At 
the dose of the first term hut two women remained 
with hound feet; and in Ai>nl a most hleHsed revival 
\ iNitcd the school, in which each \Vomaii found Christ 
as liei |>ersoiial S,ivior from sin and had the conscious 
witness of sins for>;iveii. 

Si;im; If. -A Iouk felt want was met intheopen- 
in)i of this school, in .\pril, i.H.;^. of lack of 
room, hut tilteeii women could he adniitted. .\ i>ecn- 
liar le.ilnre is, that nothing is studied except in the 
Komani/cd Colloquial. The experiment proved a suc- 
cess, and where there is no iolloi|uial character, has 
.solved the i)rol)lem as to how Christian women can 
learn to re:»d the liitilc Twelve of the women in one 
term mastered the Komanized so that they could read 
anything in it. 

Mini;— This school was opened, .\pril 8, 
i,S94. with twenty-five women in altciulancc, in a 




^»tpi^;^g5»7:7TOW^'J'^7tT"'Tr»» TvTw-j^^irmpr.^" 

China. 305 

Kraiid old jmliiee, well iiicloH-d, aixl ^eimraU-cl friiiii 
the apartnii-nt!i ustd hv the fnniily " No wnrk." sayn 
Miss Sites,, wlm opi'iicd the scIhm)!, ' has crenti-d iiiDre 
Xetieral intirest and entlniHiasiui." Tlif previous ilay 
the hoiiHe wariiiiiit{ look plaie, when alioiit lil'ty ^en 
tiemeii— leiidern In stK-icty, Ixitli literary and oflieial - 
nrrepted the invitation to lns|)ec't the luiildiuK and 
witniss tffe dedicatory services cr)nductii| l)\ the na- 
tive preachers. At close of the school ilie women 
jiassed a creditalili- examination, and rctnrtied to their 
honus lo spn ad the glories and wonders of the school. 
Two women who had unhonnd their fcit set to work 
immediately to spreail the"<loctrines ' 


Tile iiitriidtictioii of Hihle women, or deaconesscH, 
was a novel fcaliire of missionary work to the native 
Church ill China, and will still re(|uire sonic length ol 
time to K*-'' 'he i<lia fully before the people. In'iHys. 
there were thirty nine Hilile women in the ImiocIiow 
(Cionfereiice alone; but a number of them lived at their 
homes, and ^avv only a part of their time. Women 
arc needed who can K've all tlieir lime. There are a 
few who leave their homes and endure j;rcat liar<l- 
ships Many ol the women are elderly, who have had 
little advaiitaKc in the way of an education or training ; 
but -their hearts are filled with the Holy Spirit, and 
their earnestness wins many to Christ. One of the 
KucheiiK wonuM re))orte(l in iHy.^.that .S.oiio people 
heard the gospel from her lips A Hing Ilwa woman 
reported 6,400. Another Hing Uwa woman visited 
over .SiK) villages during the year. Still another trav- 
eled on foot (KX) miles. While they have not learned 

: ^w^'vix»'''^Ti!f 'i'^'v^fr *^^'F'n~ 

306 WfltfAy's foMSK.y Af/ss/o.x.iKr SocrKTV. 

to rf|)ort very thoroiiKlilv. ,;s.<»k' pt'nplf ht-nnl llic 
"olil, ol<l Htory'froni (iK-nv Mililc woiiit-ii in a »iii|{le 
yeari ii'^O' visits wtrc iii.Kle, niicl wurcit were le<l l<> 
iiicept Cliriiit tlirouKli tlitir fiTorts Main interesliiiK 
iticiilfiits are given in loiiiieition with tlic-ir work In 
one case a vvliolc family iKianit- m) lonviniid of the 
worthlessness of idols that thiy insisted that the Hihle 
woman Hhonhl help destroy them. She turned aside 
tnim her talking to li^lit the hre wliiih consumed their 
Kixis. Often the Hilile women are asked to carry off 
llic idoU, which they do witli right K"o<1 will. When 
Mi.Hs Howe was about to return to the United Stales, 
in iKijj, a native Christian hron^ht her his ancestral 
laUlet and jjave it to her. 

While these women are not ordained to jireach the 
Kos)iel.they seem to have hecn foreordained to do it. 

An epodi in woman's mission wni k in Foochow was 
tile holding of the first Wniiiiiirs Conference, in con- 
nection with the Annual Couicrence, in October, 1HH5. 
It was a meeting conipiise<l of the women from all 
parts of the work, to be examined and instructed as 
liilik- wniiien and teachers; for tliscussimi of metlKMls, 
exchange of \ie\vs and seiitiinents. <lcepeiiiiig ot Chris- 
tian experience, and for general lielpiiilness. It was 
something entirely new among Chinese women. Hii 
I'o Mi, an elder in the Church, the uncle of Hii King 
Kiig, was asked to pra\ at the opening session, and 
told the aiining other things, that ' last year the 
electric telegraph canic, and now this year the Woman's 
Conference." He considered the Womair,s Coufereucu 
one of the most wonderful events, stranger to the 

China. yof 

Chiiu«' than Ilit « in ti ii itUnrnpli. whi* li tlii> iIioiikIU 
would nuvvr Ik- Nt-cii in Cliiim. At fir^l tlicse exiiin- 
iiiatiiins wiTc very iin|H)piilnr, and ilu' effect wiw to 
t'tiniin.ilr i'roin tlif rallies of the teachers tliose wliii 
were nut studious and earnest, and a rediKtiiiii nl lifly 
per eeiil in the iiuiiil>cr of sellouts. Ilut the standard 
liiis been niaint. lined : the women are ineasuriiiK np to it, 
uikI the schools are innltiplyiiiK in the ImiidM of more 
c.nipetciit teachers. In Deceniher, IHHH, the Woman's 
^'inference was held ill the AliKloCliiiie^' College. 
Cliiiiesi' wiiineii liut recently einerjjed from heathen- 
ism lead papers that were spiritual and practical, ^ave 
Bible readin>;!f, and condiicted the devotional exer- 
cises. The pr<i)M)siticiii to discontinue "the system of 
money rewards" in the day seliuols e.iiiie from a com- 
iiiitlee of native wijinen at oiu ol these Conferences. 
They adv ised the Hiving of rewanls that the girls could 
call their own, as the pareiit.s do iioi fully appreciate 
the value of an education for their daiiKliters. 

At the ninth se.s.sioii of the Conference, Mrs. Keen, 
the I'hiladelpliia Hrancli Secretary, was weIcoinc(K>y 
the icH>woiiieii present, anil was elected President. She 
was the first represeiitatixe from the Society to visit 
them ofTiciiilly. The following year Mrs. Bishop N'inde 
was Welcomed, and also elected I'residelit. Mrs. Mary 
C. Niiid was present with her words of ctmnsel. Twii 
Secretaries are always appointed— one IviiKlish and one 
Chinese — for keeping the minutes. These ntinute.s 
are wonderful documents, as evidencing spiritual in- 
tellineiue ,ind the earnestness of these Chinese women 
and nirls Tliey i;i\e llie reports of their work with 
cheering sini]>licily and sincerity. Their essajs on 
such lojiics ati the " Ins])iration of the Holy Spirit's 


3o8 Woman 's Foreign Mission ar y Society. 

Aid in Preparation for W»f k," " Importance of Attend- 
ing Prayer-niecting," " The Evils of Early lU-trothal," 
are al)le, and in some cases remarkat)le for spiritual 
insight and poetic thought, coHveyed in quaint ex- 
pression. At the Tenth Conference there were two 
papers presented by native wonie*!!. One on " Woman's 
Part in Temperance Work, " by the matron of the Eoo- 
chow (lirls', resulted in a pledge be- 
ing drawn up and signed by fifty per.s«ins. This was 
considered a victory not easily won, in a land where 
the tinio-lionored custom to offer drinks to all guests 
is s^) strong that to omit it brands one as impolite. 
The other paiK-r, by Siek Ming Suoi, m\ "Sabbath 
Observance," and the di.scus.sion following, ended in a 
resolution of all the teachers and Bible women pres- 
ent to .spend their Sabbath afternoons in teaching the 
poor, ignorant women «f the Church to read. The in- 
terest of the Conference centered \n a. Mtmorial on 
Footbindiiig, presented' from the Woman's Conference 
to the A;if»ual Conference, petitioning them to take 
.some definite actii^Mi the subject. Having succeeded 
in obtaining only a^half-hcartcd action.'^ough it was 
an advance .step, and the women felt so keenly the 
need of help in fighting this terrible crime of nnitilating 
the body, one of the Chinese women said: "If they 
do not take the action we want this time, we will 
draw up (uir own ndes next year, and petition them 
to adopt them." 

When the Central China Mission Conference was 
in se.ssion in Kiu-kiang, in 1X94, a large mass-meeting 
on ■' Foot-binding " wa^ held. The Chinese brethren 
were "instant in season," with earnest words of argu- 
ment and exhortation against this heathen b^barism. 

China. ' 309 

The sisters, whose licarts weu- in like maiiiier fired 
with the same spirit of this reform, found no o])])or- 
tiinity to express it. liarly the following day some of 
the younger brethren posted a call for another meet- 
ing that evening, to be addressed by the women. 
Mrs. She was the first to lake the platform, from wliich 
.she announced her convictions with no uncertain 
sound. vShe had brought up her girls with natural 
feet ; but now felt the time had come for her to take 
a furtlier step in advance, and unbind her own feet. 
Many followed in like spirit, and the .sentiment of the 
meeting crystallized in an anti-foot-binding pledge, 
which was signed by about .seventy of the married 
women and older girls. It is difficult to appreciate 
the horror of foot-bindi*ig. Many women, indeed, 
suffer from it all tli^ir lives; and many die under its 
terrible torture. In Canton, one time, a woman came 
to a Christian hospital with a foot in each hand, beg- 
ging to have them put on again ! One fool is now in 
the museum in England, and one in America. 

A meeting was called during the Conference of all 
the Chinese women and girls, when papers were read 
by Mrs. She, Julia Howe, and others, followed by re- 
marks. Mrs. Mary C. Nind, who was present, ad- 
dressed the members, dwelling forcil)ly upon the ini- 
portiince of care for the physical as well as the spirit- 
ual health. Directly afterward, the Woman's Confer- 
ence of the Central China Mis.sion was organized; one. 
important object was the development of the Chinese 
women in lines of nii.ssionarv work. 


.^lo lVo^fAN's F0REIG^ MissroNARy SocrETy. • 


Ill the course of time, when it was found imprac- 
ticable for all the native workers to make loufj jour- 
neys to attend the Annuiil Foochow Conference, the 
District Conference was orjjani/ed, in 1890, in HiNC. 
H\VA, where a different dialect is spoken. This was 
found to he most helpful, as it was attended by many 
women who could never have come to I'oochow. On 
Sal)l)ath, a wonderful meeting was held. Christian 
women promptly rose, and told their ex])eriences in 
simplicity and power. A remarkable fact in connec- 
tion with the meeting was that, without any concert, 
three times the .second chapter of Acts was read and 
commented u])on, showing the trend of their thought 
and language. Other districts we^e organized until, 
in 1.S94, there were seven Di.strict Conferences, and 
the Koochow became a delegated body. In 1H95, 
twenty delegates were present, and the Koochf)w Dis- 
trict brought the number up to over one hundred. 
One woman came one hundred an<l eighty or two 
hundred miles, and was .six days on the way, com- 
pelled to ride in a .sedan chair, put up at miseral>le 
inns, and endure all the discomforts of a little tucked- 
up Chinese boat. In that wonderful revival in Hing 
Hvva, in 1891, the Bible women, with tue native preach- 
ers, did ^11 the work„\vhen ninety-eighl people .decided 
to leave the darkness of heathenism and worship God, 
and joined the Church. / 

A Woman's Conference was held /n HoK Chi.vng 

in 1S94, when one hundred women were present, some 

^walking weary miles to attend. Two weeks later, 



when the last General I'^xecutivc Committee was in 
session, Sunday had been set aside as a dajs^f prayer 
thronghout the district, to the end that the women of 
America might he moved to grant the school-building 
asked Ihr Hok Chiang. The Christian women of Hok 
Chiang Were asked to give an offering for that pur- 
pose. When the copper cash were all counted, it was 
found tliat over twenty-two thousand had been given, 
or $21.30, given out of poverty such as women in 
Christian lands do not know. With this .sum as a 
nucleus, a l>eautiful site was purchased, "the choice 
spot of the district," for a girls' school. "She hath 
done what she could." 

Mixc. Cm.wi;. — Sites opened the first Ming 
Chiang District Conference in Ming Chiang city, Octo- 
ber 19, 1S94, with si.xty-five women present, from the 
woman's school, the teachers of the day-school, the 
Bible women, and the wives of the Chinese preachers 
from all tlie circuits and stations round. The papers 
prepared showed nuich thought and originality, and 
the extempore di.sciissions were very lively. The 
various subjects included " Sabbath Observance,''" The 
Ideal Day-school Teacher," '' Cleanliness." and " Na- 
tive Customs, " ))articularly fool-binding. In the devo- 
tional meetings great liberty and power came upon 
the women, ])articnlarly upon Mrs. Lau, wife of one 
of the preachers. .She was one of the original found- 
lings of lliirty years ago. " She is the brightest 
woman, ' says Miss Sites. " in the di.strict, and the 
Chinese regard her as very clever indeed." She was 
so humbled over a merciful Providence that .saved her 


3 1 2 JVoAfAiv 's FosE/cy Missionary Society. 

little daughter from drowning wliert she fell in the 
creek a few months before, and a heautifnl new expe- 
rience of Christ-love came into her heart. 


The early missionaries had their path so beset with 
difficulties that, while almlishing all usages connected 
with heathen religious bcli(*ts and .superstition, they 
did not make foot-binding, which was considered com- 
paratively unimi)ortant, a test ((uestion. They said : 
" Hound feet will not keep any Chinese women out of 
heaven, so wh>- .should we for that alone keep them 
out of the Church?" As the years went on, there was 
not .seen the general ' voluntary renunciation of this 
custom that was hoped for. Some of the missionaries 
of the Society built up their .school-work on a strong 
ahti-foot-binding basis. The Peking Girls' Boardiug- 
.school from the beginning — the one in Foochow since 
IS.S4, anil the Nankin and Chin-kiang schools — make 
a condition of adnii.ssion, either natural or unbound 
feet, In Kin-kiang, where foot- binding is universal 
■ among all, and where women have smaller feet 
than in any other part of the country, the matter is 
left voluntary with the girls, and yet even there the 
sentiment is so strong in favor of natural feet that 
more than half the girls in the school have removed 
the bandages. When one of the girls was approached 
on the .subject of baptism, siie said, witli voice 
strained ".vith emotion, " How could I be baj5tized 
with i)ound feet?' which was akin to a woman in 
another/|>lace, sixty years 61d, who unbound her feet 
because she had vividly realized that ".she would be 
ashamed to go toddling up the golden streets with mu- 

Chisa. ,313 

tilatcil feet." On llif Hi>k Cliiaii); district a rule was 
made ■'in 1X91 not to employ a l^tnnd-footed woman 
as teacher. 

Within a few years, and notably in 1.H94, a stroufj 
anti-foot-l)indiiiK wave has .spread over many jiarts of 
China. This found expression in correspondence, in 
published articles, and notably in two niass-ineetinj{.s 
in Shant^hai. Katie Hoax, I>r. Hoar's adopted daugh- 
ter, was in Shanj;hai at the time, the native dek'Kate 
to the Cliri.stian ICndeavor Conference. She attended 
the .second meeting;, and K^ve her testimony with a 
clear, unmistakable rinj;, which called forth the com- 
ment that all temporizirs of the custom ought to feel 
rebuked by that speech. At these mass-meetings na- 
tives as well as foreigners, and women as well as men, 
take part. Considerable solicitude is felt, in this quite 
prevailing crusade, about the jiosition taken by the 
boys' .schools, that they may be heartily committed to 
a course of <)p)K)siti()n to this evil, and realize, too, 
that reform must begin with the men. the head of the 
Chinese household. The mi.ssionaries are also con- 
vinced that the Society .should instruct its candidates 
with reference to this all-iiiipoitant <|Uestion. .They 
.say it is jiatlietic to observe how the girls pray about 
it unceasingly, that God would move on the hearts of 
Christians, and heads of boys' schools, and pastors, to 
make war against this mutilation of his temple. 

CoSTI.V lilHI.K. 

In the celebration of the sixtieth birthday, Novem- 
ber S, 1K94, of the Dowager Empress of China, the 
missionaries of the Society and the girls in their 
.schools contributed to the ])resent that was given her 

314 lVo^f.tx's Foreign Missionary Society. 

by thu Christian women of the Hnipirf. It was one 
of the richest copies of the New Testament ever 
issuej, and was about the size of a bound vohime of 
Harper's Maga~iiu\ with solid silver covers delicately 
engraved, the title embossed in fine, lar^e, solid (?old 
characters, vertically along the left margin. A lar^e 
gold ])late in the center bears the inscrii)tion to the 
Kmpress. The casket is also of solid silver. The 
entire cost was 5i,2<)<). That same morning of the 
presentation the Ivmperor sent a man to the Hilde 
Depository to purchase a co])y of the Old and the 
New Testaments, which he wished to own and read 

f^'i^s^V'~y^fS^.\-^''^rc:~i'-\^^-^-^.-. '^^^ 



Comimiired in 1H72 OrKUiiizeil as a Coiiftrcme in 1K84 — 
Women's ConftTenct orKanizcil in 1884 — Women's Work 
lic(,'uii in iHy.). 

WHIvN' the Society laid tlic foundations of its 
work in Japan in 1874, t'"-' key to the situa- 
tion was educational work. Tokyo, one of the largest 
cities in the world, the center of religious, educational 
and political life in the Ivinpire, was entered by Dora 
Schoonniaker in November, 1S74. After weeks of 
disappointment in househunting, she was permitted 
to open a Cl':istian Oirls' School in a part of an old 
temple in Tsukiji, the foreign concession. In process 
of time other accommodations were obtained, the 
school increased in numbers, and there came a demand 
for higher education. It was decided to divide the 
pu])ils, the more advanced going to Aoyama, a j)ort of 
Tokyo, but at a distance of five miles from Tsukiji. 
The course of study adopted was very nearly the 
same as that of the higher seminaries in this country, 
except that of niatHematics is given, and no Latin 
or C.reek, their place being taken by the much more 
laborious Chinese. Besides grammar, rhetoric, and 
Ivnglish literature, nearly all history, as well as mental 
and moral science, are taught in ICnglish ; mathe- 
matics and the sciences are taught in Japanese by 


W>Ww^W*' "T^^^^^rv^Trs^^^^m^: 

.•?i6 IVoM.ijv'.s Foreign AtissioNiRv Socjety. 

Japanese teacliers. Music, both foreign and Ja])anese, 
is lan>;lit. Iksidis, forniitiK a regular ])art <if the eur- 
rieuhini, is cnokiuK, sewing, knitting;, embroidery, and 
eticiuette. vScliools were <)l)ene(l in dilTerent places 
throujjhoul the I'lmiiire, hut the streuKlh ol the mis- 
sionaries and the money of the Society is largely 
spent on the important boarding-sehools at Ilakodati, 
Aoyama, and Nagasaki — (in all, there were in 1H93 
eleven boarding-schools, thirteen day-schools, and 
two training-seliools) — and the Bible Women's Train- 
ing-school at Yokohama. Miss (iheer, in Kiushiu, 
and Miss Spencer, in Central Japan, have done more 
evangelistic work, gaining the working language of 
the .])eople, and training women as Hible women, 
making itineraries into the country, etc. Of the later 
missionaries, Miss Phelps in Sendai, Miss Imhoff in 
Yonezawa. Miss Haucus in llirosaki. Miss Forl>es in 
Kagoshima, have engaged in work not connected 
with scUools, visiting homes, holding women's and 
children's meeting.s. Of the two kinds of work, per- 
haps the school-work is the most encouraging. It is 
slower, to be sure, but the girls are l)etter grounded 
in the faith, an<l better able to give a reason of the 
hope that is in them. 

Generally in all the schools the girls become ear- 
nest Christians before graduation. They then either 
become translation teachers for younger classes, per- 
sonal teachers of some missionary, teachers of pri- 
mary schools, or are married, if possible, to .some 
Christian man. There are .some lamentable cases of 
back.sliding — but what wonder? — while there are many 
instances cjf great faithfulness through years of oijuo- 
sition. For instance, the mother-in-law is \Jtr d. 


J.\r.\N. 317 

Christian, and she prohibits the young wife from ever 
attending a Christian service. .She meekly submits, 
never U).ses lier faitli in Cod, l)Ut waits her lime. When 
at hist (lie niotberin-hiw dies, she finds her way to the 
Clirislian Cliurch. To have di.sobeyed the mother- 
in-law would have brought disgrace on the family. 
There has been no general revival latel>^inchuling 
all parts of Japan, but there are constant accessions to 
the Church : .steadily it is growing in favor with the 
pcojile. The property held by the Missionary Society 
is generally on a ninety-nine years', though the 
Aoyania property and some others, being outside of 
"treaty limits," is held in the name of a Japanese as 
trustee. Ciood positions favorable for scliools a'.id resi- 
dences liave been given, and suital)le buildings erected. 
The jiroperlv at .\oyama is considered the finest ; 
that is, il is well built and well e(|uipped. Under the 
treat\ revisi<in, souglit by Japan for years and accom- 
plished in 1894, there will be greater concessions, 
which will i)rc>ve of great advantage in missionary 
operalions. When the treaty goes into operation, 
within five years, the foreigners will have freedom of 
residence, and may lease land. The hindrances to 
niissionary work lie in the general indifference of the 
educated men, and the bigotry and superstition of the 
uneducate<l. together with the great lack of workers. 
Japan has been singularly favored witli the assist- 
ance .ifTorcled by travelers. Joseph Cook delivered 
the address at the formal opening of the Nagasaki 
llonie.iiul School, May 29, 1.S82. In 18.S9, Professor 
Wilson, of Chattanooga, Tenn.. was making the lour 
of the world, acconii>aiiied by his children, when 
Mary gave up that pleasure for the privilege of work- 

3i« Woman's FoREKiN Missionary SociEir. 

iiij;- as a missionary, and was appoiiitetl to Xagoya. 
Hisliop Wantii, in 1KS7,, had (|iiitt.' a parly with limi : 
Mrs. Warren. Mrs. Cornelia Milkr, Mr. Iliff and Or. 
Abel, and Mrs. Stevens. Tokyo and Naga.saki re- 
ceived substantial, tokens from the ladies, Mrs. War- 
ren giving ;? i.iKX) to the work in Naga.saki. 

Mrs. Mary C Leavitt, iti iH8(i, awakened a deep 
interest in temperaii),-e and kindred subjects wherever 
she spoke, as did Miss Mary Allen West, who sub- 
/ .secpicntly went to Japan in the interests of the 
Woman's Christian rniun, and who found that 
heaven was as near to japan as Chicago. In 
1SH7, Mr. and Mrs. O. J. Wilson visited Yoko- 
hama, and left a roll of bills sufficient to cover 
the exi>enses of one woman in the 
throughout the entire course. Mrs. Sleeper Davis 
liniik-d in Vokuliama, .Sei)tembcr 6, 18.S9. She had "lit- 
erallx ginlled the glol)e with deeds of f)eneficence." 
Having ;irri\ed in the Orient, she exhibited the deep- 
est interest in all the details of mission work. After 
(Japan, came China, India, and Egypt, then the Holy 
|I,and, Constantinople, X'enice, and lierlin. and then 
the "City of (iod." .May .S, 1891. Miss Josephine 
Carr, after spending some time in Japair went on to 
China, but returned to Tokyo in February, 1890, and 
ren<lered \:iluable aid. taking full work and teaching 
until Christmas v.ication. Tor the first time in the 
history of the Woman's Society in Japan, it was 
ofticially represented in 1893 by Mrs. ,S. A. Keen, 
of the riiiladelphia Branch, accompanied by her 
daughter. Her presence at the Woman's Conference 
brought the missionaries into clo.ser \inion with the 
home Society ; her unfailing sympathy rested and 

•^rf^if:^■^f■'■•^^:v■^':^<^"■^■<r:^i«:,,J■■:■. ■,;.. .. .,. r,:; ■::■(■■ ■>A'\£m'A\. 319 

slri'iijithfiied tln.-iii; Ikt wonls of advice and caution 
were an inspiratlDU to liojiir, wiser living- She was 
elected I'resident of the Conference, and S|)oke at the 
anniversary of the Woman's Missionary Society 
at the Annual Conference. A),Min, in July, 1M94, an- 
other representative of the Woman's Society arrived 
in Jajian, Mrs. Mary C. Niiid. wlio accompanied 
liishop and Mrs. Xiiide. At the eleventh .session of 
the Woman's Conference she was elected I'resiilent. 
" Kesolntions were adopted by the members, of appre- 
ciation of Mrs. liishop Ninde's \ isit, with xratitnde 
for her hearty sympathy and interest in every detail 
of the work, strengthened and encouraged as they 
had lieeii b\ her loving presence; also for the untir- 
ing patience in their many consultations of Mrs. Mary 
C. Nind, together with her helpful advice over per- 
plexing c|ue.stions." It is interesting to note this 
woman's ceaseless activity, despite her threescore 
years and ten, from the day she arrived in Tok>() and 
was 'received.'' She visited the work in all its 
variety, held prayer meetings, preached to large con- 
gregations, '-oHK times through a Ilible woman, and 
sometimes one of ihe native preachers as an inter- 
I)reter. Slu- traveled b> iMiglish cars, first and second- 
class. Iiy jiurikislias. steamer, sanpiUk and, with staff 
and iiara-iil, climlml tit the top ofinountains. At 
Hirosaki. one hundred miles from Hakodati. in the 
interior, she was met at the entrance of the city by 
the pastor and le.iding women of the Church, Bible 
renders, leaclKr'-, and a number of the .school-girls 
who had come nut to welcome her. Alighting from 
her jin'Vikisha. (she walked through the streets fol- 
lowed by the p\)ple. she and the pastor leading the 



320 IVoAfJN 's Foreign Missionary Society. 

procession. At the wclconu' niuetiiiK of the si"h(M)l in 
lioiior of the return of the principal, Miss Baueus, 
and her visit, she responded. Afterward slie visited 
the uurse-xirls' stho<il, heUl a meeting with the Chris- 
tian women, a Bihle readiiijj witli the lCtij;lish-speak- 
injj; converts, and athlressed tlie boys' school. This is 
not a Christian school. It was instituted twenty 
years before, and Mrs. Nind is the first woman to he 
tluis honored. She was in Nagoya when the Emperor 
])assed through, and improved the rare opportunity of 
seeiiif,' his Imperial Majesty. She described him as a 
small niaiK like most' of the Japanese, not strikingly 
handsome, who di<l not turn to the right or left, made 
no response at all. He was dres.sed in simple uni- 
form, and was on his way to Hiroshima, whither he 
was moving his troops from Tokyo, intending to 
remain with Uum for a time. This is considered an 
aggressive movement, as before his reign, thirt\ years 
ago, the I-!mperor was never seen, and wheii and 
wherever he pa.ssed, every door ami window was shut 
and no one perniitte<l on the street; and in i>Si)4, in 
presence of gathered thousands, this ICmpcror went 
from the north to' the .south of tlie I'jnpire to locate 
his army. 

Mrs. Nind visited the new million-dollar liuddhist 
temple in Kioto, about which so mui;h had been 
written .iii'd said concerning the coils of women's hair 
used to lift the timbers. She di.scoxered that the hair 
sim]>ly coM-red where they coiled the rope, and was 
not a solid rope of hair at all. Ilcr expectant faith 
realizes that this magnificent temple will some day be 
consccrateil to the worship of the one living and true 
God. Another tenii)le vi.sited, erected in 1187 A. I)., 

•5«?^'i*«-x'p«»^3f i*f: ' vf-^ 

Japan. 321 

had 3,1, ,133 Rods; 1,000 of these giWed iuia^'es were 
five feet high, and all represented the eleven-faced, 
thousand-handed Kwaunon. The was re- 
membered, "The idols he will utterly abolish." 

Three events stand forth witli special prominence 
in the year 1894, of Japanese history: i. Karth- 
quakes. 2. Treaty Revision. 3. The War. As 
Commodore Perry's black shii)s dropped anchor in 
Yeddo Hay, and demanded of Tokyo's Tycoon that 
Japan open her doors to the Occident, so Japan in 
turn, as herald of a higher civilization, went to her 
neighbor China, and demanded thai Korea be given a 
chance to rise out of her wretched conditio,n. 

Tokyo. — Miss Schoonniaker, as has already been 
.stated, arrived in Tokyo in 1 S74. She was joined by 
Miss Olive Wliiting in 1S76, who married Mr. Charles 
Bishop, the publishing agent of the Tokyo (lospel So- 
ciety, in iS,S2. A new house had been built inside 
the Concession, and into it they moved, with their 
twenty one boarders and eleven day scholars. At first 
the class of girls received were able and willing to pay 
their tuition; but the missionaries felt their work was 
among the ])oor especially, even if the others be 
disniis.sed. A ]>lan was adopted of placing the girls un- 
der bonds to remain from four to six years, and two years 
thereafter, if desired, as a.ssistants in the school; and 
later on the phui was adopted of taking the pupils on a 
three months' probation. But this did not 
the attendance. The school had to be eidarged in 
i,S7.s. In less than a year a fearful fire swept away 
everything, the inmates barely escaping with their 
lives. One month afterward Miss .Schoonniaker, Miss 

322 (VoxfAy's Foreign Missionary Society. 

M. A. Spencer, and Miss M. J. Holbrook were in a 
rented bnilding, with prosj)erity all about. MissWliit- 
injj had gone out beyond the compound for evangel- 
istic purposes. Miss Schoouniaker married 1'rofes.sor 
Soper in 1.H79, and resides in Cliica>;<>. In the rebuild- 
ing, a severe typhoon blew down the greater part of 
the wo<xl-work ; but in iS.Si the school was' safely 
housed, with .sixty-si.\ pupils, forty-seven of whom 
were Christians. Miss Mary A. Priest ami Mrs. Caro- 
line X'aii I'etten arrived in isHi, and Miss Anna IJ. 
Atkinson in iK.Si, and Miss Rebecca Watson in i88,v 
When Hi.sho]) Wiley organized the Animal Conference 
in 18.S4, the ladies organized a Woman's Conference, 
with a four years' course of study in Japanese. The 
school graduated its first class in the linglish depart- 
ment this >ear, and the exercises, together with the 
examinations, excited a good deal of interest. The 
class consisted of two girls, both of unusual ability. 
One was retained ;is teacher, the other — O Yen San, a 
ixx'tessof special promise — went to Yokohama to a.ssist 
in tlie prei)aration and revision of hymns for a new 
Jaitanese hymnal. 

Children's-da)- was observed for the first time in 
1884, when 3CX) jnipils from the different Methodist 
Ivpiscopal Sunday -schools came together in a union 
.service. This year open tolerance and protection was 
enjoyed; the gospel could be preached in every part 
of the Empire. September 15th, the day the .school re- 
opened, the most furious typhoon of twenty years vi.s- 
ited them, unroofing part of the building, and blowing 
tiles from the larger part of the rest. In 18H6, Miss 
Atkin.sou returned to America, accompanied by Miss 
Sakurai, and Anna M. Kaulbach arrived ou thje 

^Wf^^Vf^W^y" ■'":>■; /^n V" jw?^"?' ' S' 

/APAff. 323 

field, followed in 1887 by Miss Mary Vance, in i,S,S8 
by Miss Helle J. Allen and Miss Mary E. V. I'ardoe, 
in i.S89by Miss Frances E. Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
R. Mender, and Miss Ella Blackstock, and in 1890 by 
Miss Jennie K. Locke and Miss M. G. Deniotte. Many 
changes were taking; place during these years. The 
school was divided, the high school going to Aoyania, 
with Miss Atkinson as principal; the other remaining 
at Tsukiji, with ^^iss I'ardoe as jjrincipal. Five day- 
schools h.ul been started, with 505 pupils, and the mis- 
sionaries also had the nianageniont of eight Sunday- 
schools, with 4,^4 scholars. Holbrook was in- 
vited to a jHisilion in the Peeress School for the daugh- 
ters of the nobility, which .she accepted in iS'Sy, con- 
tinuing some work under the Woman's Society. In 
i.Sijo she married Professor H. Cha])pell in the Anglo- 
Japanese College. Some of the missionaries gave their 
time to evangelistic work, holding, in 1886, as many 
as seventeen women's meetings weekly, a.ssisted by 
five Hible women. Miss Atkinson returned in 1888 
with her sister. Miss Mary Atkinson. Miss Spencer 
opened a Bible tr.iitiing-class for the wives of native 
preachers who could not go to Yokohama. A new 
building was put uj) in 1889 in Tsukiji, when the 
.school numbered over 2(X). Kaulbaeh married 
Prf)fessor Wilson, of Chattanooga, Tennessee. In De- 
cember Miss \'ance married Profes-sor J. F. Helknap, 
of the Anglo-Japanese College; but continued her un- 
selfish devotion to Japanese women and girls until 
September 27, 1.S92, when she entered into rest. Her 
sister. Mrs. James Raikes, in iSi;4 established in the 
school the \fary \'ance Memorial Library, Mr. Uelknap 
adding to the original contril)utions the bookcase. 

<?^^*S3F f'l^'rw'Wr^^T?^^?'"'* ".™' ,:«'* ^>;?.'»>."'" W.T,' 7;jTJf "i^rrj^; 

324 IP'ojtf.tJv's Foreign Mission arv Society. 

many books, and a fine portrait of Mrs. Hclkiiap. 
Miss lU'ndfr becann.- principal i)f tliis Annlo-Jupanese 
seminary in Tokyo in 1S91. The schools were fre- 
i|nently blessed with revival inflnences. In 1SH2, 
twenty-seven ^n\s were converted in one eveninj;. 
Their efforts are directed through the I'aniiliar chan- 
nels : a \vell-or){ani/.ed vSunday-school, a successfully- 
managed Woman's Missionary Society, bands of King's 
Daughters — seven of which were formed l>y Miss I'ar- 
doe — Kpworth Leagues, and ))hilanJ^hropic and teiti- 
j)erance work. 31, 1S92, another lite was laid 
upon the altar of sacrifice. "God's finger touched Miss 
I'ardoe, and she slept." Tlie residt of her Cliristian 
leaching as an educator, whelher as preceptress of 
Dickinson Seminary in l'einis\lvania, or as ])rincipal 
of the Tsukiji Oirls' School in Japan, and her ])ure 
life as slie went among her students, will be her en- 
during montinieut. Miss Watson was a])i)<)inled to 
the vacancy in the school. Kindergarten teaching was 
introduced in 1H9V 

Another eartlKiuake occurred in June, 1894. which 
destroyed the property in T.sukiji. and greatly dam- 
aged the Yokohama Home, incurring greater loss to 
the Society than any that had preceded it. 

iNDrsTRi.M, Sciiooi,. — To the loving heart and 
l>usy brain of Mrs. Flora Hest Harris, the Tokyo In- 
dustrial School owes its beginning. "Years ago, 
touched with the story of the slender pittance paid in 
Japan for woman's work, and apjtalled at the nunilier 
of young women who were without honorable means 
by which to earn a livelihood. Mrs. Harris urged the 
establishing of an Industrial Home. " In April, 18.S6, 

tSS???-' ■ ^'-*'^™ '*^^^^ »■' ■ ■"'■^'V ''•''. vJ^^- 

Japan. 315 

anioiij; tlu' lt•^.■u■i^.■sof Mrs. J. T. Harrison, of Minnesota, 
was a l)C(|ni'st of j^.s.ux) for tlic Woman's I'oreijjii 
Missionary Society, a larger portion of which was set 
apart for tliis new enterprise. Oreat as was tlie need, 
it hedged aUont with difllodties. Years |)assed 
before the plans niateriali/ed. At length Ivlla 
M. Black.sloc^was chosen to inangnrate the work. She 
reached J^laP "ear the close of i.H8y. The .school 
')roper opeppd April 7, if<>ji, in a small rented bnild- 
ing at Aoyaina, ' for all deserving women and girls 
.liming at selfsup])ort." The industries taught arc 
cooking, Japanese and foreign sewing, eml)roiilery, 
drawn work, knitting and crochet. There is also a 
hterary course, and instruction is given in drawing, 
Japanese etii|uelte, iiichiding Clin-iio yii, or the tea cer- 
emony, jiiKl flower arrangement. The Bible is sys- 
tematically taught, and on Ivaster Sunday, in 1.S94, *'^'^ 
of the pupils received baptism and admi.ssion into full 
nieinbL-rsliip of the Church. .Several others were re- 
ceived on probation, leaving only two pupils, among 
the thirty-three enrolled, not Christians. On Decem- 
ber 16, 1S93, the new Ilarri.son building was formally 
dedicated by Bishop Foster, Dr. Spencer, Chairman of 
the Building Committee, .and two distinguished Ja- 
panese educators assisting. During the ' ICartlnpiake 
Conference" of 1.S94, the Woman's Conference found 
pleasant accommoilations in this Home, the only 
building of all the Methodist Mission in Tokyo and 
Yokohama that withstood the severe shock, with only 
slight damages, of the June eartlupiake. 

YoKOHAM.v. — In Yokohama, as in other parts of 
Japan, the married missionary women gave great as- 

386 Woman's Foserow Mlssionaky Society. 

sistniicc ill opi'iiiiiK .schools, superitili'iidiiiK the work, 
carryiiij; on cv.iiiKflistic work, 'and filling vacani'ics. 
Ill ()ctol)fr, 1H79, Susan It. IliKK'i"'^ arrived in Yoko- 
hanin, and the ist (hiy of Novi'iiibfr coiiiincnci'd 
.school with four iliiUlrcn and three adults. She also 
commenced work anions the mothers of the children, 
accompanyiiiK tlie Bible women on her rounds. 
March I St, she had fifty-two in .school, re(|uirin>; an as- 
sistant Japanese teacher. In less than nine inonths 
she was mysteriously called home. As the lovely 
form waV home, at six o'clock in the eveniuK, to the 
beautiful cemetery on the bluff at Yokohama, where 
slee|) the men and women of so many creeds ami na- 
tions, and was laid to rest beside the jjrave of little 
Flossie, Mrs. Harris's baby daugliter, the birds that 
had souRht refujje in the leafy branches of the trees 
overhead burst forth in one glad son^ of welcome, 
only snrpa.ssed t)y that the angels .san^ when they wel- 
comed her to the "Jeru.-talein. my >;oldeii." It had been 
her desire to start a Bible woman's trainin^j-school. 
In 1X81, Miss Kmma J. Benton and Miss Atkin.son 
o|)ened a boardinj^-school at this place, and in i8.S_^ 
the N'ew Ivngland Branch raised J.^.S'io. over and 
above their appropriations, for a meniorial to their 
lovely Miss Hij;gins. A house was bou>rlit, and 
named the " Higgins Memorial," and Mrs, Van I'etten 
was transferred from Tokyo to establish a Bible wo- 
man's training-school. Her first i)iipils were seVen 
women, mostly widows. June 2,^, 1887, the first grad- 
uating exercises were held, when three young women 
passed in the course of study prescribed by the Japa- 
nese Conference. These students do all their own 
.work — sewing, washing, ironing, and cooking. They 


Japan. , 327 

make country trips witli tlii: missionaries, arc class- 
leaders, and teacli in tlie Sunday-school. Indeed, the 
Yokohama Sunday-scliool, wliich nninliered three 
hundred and fifty as early as 1.S87, was built up 
through these Kible women, who would ^;o out every 
Sunday and jjatlier the children in. One afternoon 
each week class-work is suspended while they k" '"it. 
two by two, into the homes of the people. In 1890 a 
new building was furnished, large enough to accom- 
modate fifty persons. Miss A. S. I'rench arrived, and 
immediately took half the care and work. Thirty- 
seven wr)men were enrolled during the year. The 
standard had been raised, and the course extended to 
four years. January n;, 1893, Miss M. H. Orifliths 
was transferred from Tokyo to take Mrs. Van retten's 
place, and allow her to take a much-needed rest in the 
home-land. The tenth anniversary was held in 1S94, 
and the occasion signali/e<l by holding its first Bible 
Woman's Convention, inviting all the twenty-one 
graduates. Thirteen women assend)led in answer to 
the invitation, and talked together of l)ygone days 
and compared experiences. A daily con.secration 
service, reports of work, consultations on various sub- 
jects coniiecte<l with their work, fqrmed the pro- 
gram for each day. The views of the Convention 
on tile lielpfulncis of the training receive<l in the 
.school ,were given. I'naninious testimonies showed 
that the direct study of the Bible and theology, com- 
mitting Scripture to memory, music and singing, and 
the feeling begotten in the school that direct evangel- 
istic \Cork is the work of those who arc trained there, . 
had all proved essentially beneficial and helpful ; that 
bettct Mormal training for Sunday-school work was 



.^ j8 Woman 's FoKKfcs A//ssfo\.ikr SocrETY. 

(Ifsirahli- ; iiiul tliat la Hiblc woman who is ko(m1 at 
scwiiiK and lumsckccpiiig at oiui' cuininands tin- re- 
spect W her Japaiusc sisters. During the, severe 
eartlniuake i>f June 2otli. tiiotiKli a stone chimney fell 
into the )^n\>' ilormitor\ , all were mercirully preserved. 
At a teahring wareliouse in the nei;;hl)orlnH)d, many 
poor workers were seriously injured and some killed. 
AliiMit thirly woundeil ones were carried to Hhe Ue- 
nevolenl Society Hospital, where the students, and also 
many t'roni the Cliristian vjiils' .schools, worked in de- 
tachments, day anil ninhl, helping nurse the sufferers. 
It wa.s a new experience tor them ; but they worked 
bravely and well, earning the wondering gratitude of 
those whom they were serving, and the admiration of 
the police officials, who were in constant attendance, 
as well as the public ackuowledgnicnf in the native 
papers of their services. As the sufferers began to 
get l)ctter, they would ask : " How is it that you, who 
are all so young, are so able and willing to do such 
work as this, and to care for us strangers?" And the 
answer was: " WT.- are followers of Christ, who died 
on the cross to save us, and we are tending you for 
his .sake." 

There ha\ e been altogether about onf hundred and 
twenty-five names enrolled in the Hible Training- 
school during the first ten years of its existence, 
many of whom, though, failed to complete the cqurse. 
In l.S94,^here were thirty-four students. 

The day-.schools have been in charge, during vary- 
ing periods, of Miss R\ilofson, Miss l-'rench, and Miss 
Simons. In 1.S94, there were four schools, with .seven- 
teen native teachers, and over five hundred enroll- 
ment. '. 

\ \ Japan. ,^29 

Ki.— |P»ii Mi 

Nagasaki.— |p»ii Miss lUi/nl>i.'t)i Russell mid 
Miss OlietT arrivedln N'anMs,iki,»Js'<>vfiiilicr it,, 1B79, 
there were l)Ut four Clirislians in the iitv. 'I'liis was 
the center of tlie ecclesiastical power of the Jesuits, 
which resulted so disastrously in persecution and 
massacre of thousands of native Clii i^lians in the early 
part of the seventeenth century. These youni^ wo- 
men rented a house, and opetieil a school December y\, 
with one boarder, a younK widow, educated in Japa- 
nese style, but who was a Christian, and wanted to fit 
herself fora Hible woman. In iss^, Miss iMuma Ivver- 
dinK added to the teaching Inue. A new l)utldinjj, 
beautiful for situation, uusurpas.'sed in Japan, was 
ready for occupancy. The^ missionaries were impor- 
tunate in their demand for an outpouring of the Spirit, 
whyi a wonderful religious awakening enco\iraKed 
them. It spread to the lioy>' school and to the 
Church. They furnished the first mourners'-bench 
ever seen in XaKasaki, when lorty-five persons were at 
the altar in one eveninj;, and thirty-five the f()llowin)i; 
evening. In 1.S.S5, Miss Minnie J. Ivlliott came. The 
scho<d enrolled one hundred and seven pupils, and the 
teaching force ^was divided. Miss I, Ida H. Smith was 
sent to Kukuoka, seventy miles away, to start a branch 
school. At the closing of the first year there the en- 
rollment was sixty-four. Miss Oheer took the depart- 
ment for the training of Uible women. Two of the 
older girls were sent to Kagoshima to open a school. 
Miss Helle J. Allen was sent out in iM.SS, and was ap- 
pointed to Kukuoka. Miss Oheer was obliged to come 
home in i.S,S6. From the first, the projectors of the 
Naga.saki s(;Jii)ol detern>ined it should be high grade ; 
aiid thaV^s it developed, it should be worked under 


330 IVojtr.iJv '.s Foreign Missionary Society. 

departments headed by s|H;cialists. Miss Anna L. 
BiuK went out in iMSH to take charge of the nuisicnl 
work. She li:ul faith in her ile|)urtinent, iiiid liehevcd 
the Japanese lould l)etauglit tlic hest music. In i«yi, 
thirty-nine stndent.s were enrolled — nineteen on the 
orKnn, nineteen on the piano, and one in vocal culture. 
When the fact is known that 110 Japanese instrument 
has a keyboard, and that in consciiucnce players do 
not learn the use of all their fiufjers. then the threat 
change brouglit about is ap])areut. A library of music 
became a necessity, since music-stores were so far 
away ; and a collection has bccii made of over one hun- 
dred and seventy compositions, which is tlie property 
of the sch<x)l. the pupils paying: rent by tlie term for 
their use. Clioral classes have been taught; concerts 
have been given ; a harmony class was organi/.ed in 
iSi;^: rehearsals are enjoyed; and during the revival 
the enthusiastic singing was a potent factor in the 
success of the sjTvices. Ill lSi;4, Miss Bing was 
obliged to come home, her physical strength having 
been sorely tried, and some of her olderpupils are carry- 
ing forward tlie work. Miss Maude Simons arrived ii» 
i.SKi), and took charge of the Art Department. At 
the exhibit, Commenccnient-w^ek. in 1X92, over 4(X) 
specimens of drawings from nature and from models of 
wood-carving attested to the skill and industry of both 
teachers and stu<lenls. An elegantly-carved bookcase 
in tlie SI hool library shows what the class of 1892 
ilid, to k.ivc their memory with Alnia Alitlir. Miss 
Louise ImliolT teaclied Japan in i8.Sy, and did good 
service in the Indu.strial Department for a time. Miss 
A. S. French also arrived in iS.Sy; and Mrs. Van Petten 
made her way to Naga.saki early in 1894, arriving just 

'iJmy^W'^^^W^ ^^7'^^ 

jAPAff. ,^31 

in time to save the I<il)Iicnl De|)artmcnV In 1HM9, 
Miss KuHsell, Miss Mverding, and \(u<s Klliott, ail had 
to come hointt. Among tiic ap)>lici\]its for 1K95 is a 
nativu of the I.ooChoo Islands, who is n Cliristian 
woman, desirous of preparinu liersclf for worlc among 
lier own jKople. The first visit to tliese islands, al)out 
fonr hundred miles soutli of Kiusliiti, by a represent- 
ative of the Woman's Society, was made by Miss I'Mla 
Forljes, of, KaK<>shima^in iH<^3. Metiiodism had l)tcn 
planted there about six months, and already' had seven- 
teen members, and several others earnestly studying 
the Hible. The pastor found it impossible for him 
to work among the women. Immediately, the Wo-' 
man's Missionary Societies at the various stations 
adopted these islands as the field for their foreign 
missionary work, and determined to send out a Bible 
woman. Mrs. Van I'etteii was the next rci)resentative 
of the Society to go. In 1H94, Miss Oheer made an- 
other visit to these islands, and was much impres.sed 
with the opportunities amouK half a million of jieople, 
who are ])ractically without a r6Ii);ion. The largest 
Woman's Christian Temiarance Tuipn in Japan is in 
Naga.saki, and has^ne hundred and thirty memliers. 
Miss t)mnra. the President, is called their I'"rances Wil- 
lard. She sometimes accompanies Miss (Iheer in her 
itineraries. On one of these trips she lectured thirty- 
six times in twenty-seven places, to audiences of from 
thirty to three hundred. .Miss Oiniira has tried very 
hard to get into the public schools, but has been 
barred out on account of being a Christian. She has 
also tried to gain access to the prisons, in order to 
work among the women ; but the*Buddhist priests 
have the right of way there. Though thwarted here 



and tnriifd nsidi- tlu-rc, slio ki'c|is riKht <»n, never dis- 
coiiranc-d, sun- thai Ikt Mat-i-doiiia liis tiol far aliearl. 

iM'KntKA. — In iH.Si(, Miss Alli-ii liad lo ^o from 
I'ukuiika to Nagasaki, and Miss Martlia Taylor, who 
arri^'d in iS<)o, was sent to Fukuoka. iR iHij^ she 
iHcanie Mrs. Callahan, an<l entered the mission of the 
Mithodist C'linrih S<>ulh. Then Miss Leonora Seeds 
and Mi>s(',raee Tucker were appointed to this plaee. 
The school ntiinhered, in \><ii)i, seventy-five girls; 
thirty live of whom Were hoarders. There were ten 
conversions that year. Miss ICIla KorlK's was sent to 
JCagoshima in ifSvi, wliere there seemed a wonderful 
opening; hut after maii\ trials the school had to be 
given up, hecanse it was impossihle to work on the 
only basis they were willing lo allow. Other work 
was carried on with s\ieccss. After two years there 
were two women's meetings, averaging fiftylive ; two 
ailult classes, with an alteiidauce of fifty : four vSnii- 
day-scliools, a\er.iging rSs; one Auxiliary of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, which con- 
triliuted 5x41' the first year; ten conversions, and four 
baptisms. Miss Forbes's health broke down, and she 
returned home in 181)4, and marrie<l in iS.js. 

Von l'.ZAW.\. -Miss Mary H. Griffiths, in 1H89, after 
reaching JajKin was apixiiuted to evangelistic work 
in Yonezawa, and Miss Mary Atkinson, who ar- 
rived the year before, was sent Intake charge of the 
school, which began with eighteen students, ancl 
ended the year with forty-eight. Miss Orirtilhs was 
called to Tokyo in ).Si>o, and Miss Louisa Indioff'was 
sent to Yonezawa. In the spring of i.Sy4, Miss Im- 

■■7'??f»55'^'^™''3? f'f '■'' ,5^^. ■• "^^ 

Japan. 333 

hoff received nii injury in her riKht eve, ciuised liy u 
stone thrown at her as slic wan ahont to return from 
an evening meeting hchl in tlie park, striking her 
Klaxseii anil lireakinK theni, wlien two small pieces of 
glass pierced her eye. Both Christian and ncm-Chris- 
tian showed her the profoundest sympathy ; the 
highest ollicials of the city and district either called 
ill person, or sent her >;ifts, or made other expressions 
of their sympathy and regret. The people Keiierall.\ 
were greatly stirred over the matter. .Miss IinliofT re- 
turned home in iK95,aiid Miss liancns was transferred 
to Yoiie/.awa. Miss Alice Otto was sent out that 

NacoVA. — Work was coimneiiced in the populous 
city o( NaKoya. Octoher .V iHHH, Miss M;iry A. Dan- 
forth and Miss Mary I".. Wilson were the orKani/.ers, 
mana;;inn so judiciously that during the first year 
eighty-six pupils were enrolled. The success of the 
school is without a precedent in Jajian. The great 
eartli<|uake .,f Oclolier jS, i.Siji, in Nagnya and the 
siirrtiundinj; country partially deslrii\ed more than 
3o,iKx> houses, .and entirely (Uuiolislicd more than 
So.fxx). Many tlmusands of the iiilialiitants were 
killed, and a still larger niimher injured. The tri- 
umphant strain of the psalmist comforted the mis- 
sionaries: ' Cod is our refuge and strength, a very 
present help in trouble. Therefore will not we fear, 
though tile earth be removed, and though the niouii- 
tains be carried into the midst of the sea." They spent 
the riisl week after it under the open sky, with the 
earth ireniblinj,' beneath them, and the air filled with 
the elaUK of fife-bells or the rumble of incessant 

334 Woman's Fombign Missionary Society. 

nhocks. Yoshi Siin, who had lived in Hiikixinti, 
wrote the story of this c;irlhi|uake to her dear friend 
and patron in New York, Mrs. Wright, as foHows : 
" From the cvi-ninK nf the jjth till the next morn- 


iiiH. the earlli <iuake(l nineteen times ; Imt these shocks 
were weak, .so llie pt-ople did not mind them. But 
alxmt half past six, when the s^).irrows began their 
chattering, tlie ijnaking changed to a terrible oscilla- 
tion, and the most appalling devastation began. The 
edifices began to rock right, left, above, and below. 

/A I' AN. 335 

Till- oHcillntioti CDiitiimeil sivi-ii minutes, witli aliso- 
lulc fu-rfeiu-s!». Tin- ImililiiiKH all s<-fmcMl like liltic 
l)oats ill llif iK'eaii, surrimiiilol by violeiil wave». 
In siimt- i-ilies there is iKit even one house without 
injury, ami nearly nil the hoiiites were broken down. 
In the street the soumis of the falliiiK of thoiisnnds 
of dishes from hinh shelves, the (TuinWinj? of the 
great chinnu ys of tin- laige stores, the pitiful iry of 
<lisaiipointment through tlie eit^, rose louder niid 
stroii^;er as the sun rose hijjher. The loss of thou- 
sand> of preiions lives and of sulistaiiee> is beyond 
reckoning In one lily there was not only an earth- 
([Uake. but a ^!reill fimflatjration fulloweil. The stu- 
dents of the norinnl si hool and aiadenu , as well as 
the laborers, workeil very hard to put down tlie fire; 
but in six iiionients thousands of houses broke into 
flames, anil two huiKlml |)eopli- were burned. The 
people made their tents in the roa<l, and slept there 
at iiiKht They are destitute of food and elothiiij;. 
The hi.s|)itals were full of wouiideil persons. O, 
what a wretehed state they were in! I think this 
earlli(|nake is the most terrible one that ever t(M)k 
place in Japan. Ivven the earlh(|uake which took plaec 
thirty seven years .i^jo in Vedi> i Tokyo), wdiich made 
us tremble to hear of. can not be compare<l to this." 
On the stli of July was held the first Coinroence- 
inent, when, for the first time in the history of NaRoya, 
two voniiK ladies stood before a coiujiany of 
in\ ited quests as ihe representatives of a higher edu- 
cation for Women. On account of the agitation in re- 
gard to the ownership of jiroperty the building so 
niueli needed is |)ostponed. Miss Danforth came 
home in iSv3, followed by Miss Wilson in i8i>4, 

■'fr^^ri^r «-''';;j9V''*<' "^^';--T»•'^'■^.■-'"J,8»fW,■ 

.^36 Woman 's Foih<i<:.\ Mission. inr Socikty. 

but not tiiitil aftiT MisH Carrie A. lUatoti liad arrived. 
MiNH Harriet S. AlliiiK. \vi4 also sviit out in IN<)4 
There was a total cnrollmeii^n the st-hool of seventy- 
five, nil of wlioiii Here sclf-sMpporting. ^ 

Hakiiuvti. - When Miss Si A. rricsl was sent to 
Ilakcxlati. "Ihe l^ve ol the North," in 1H7H, she wad 
the only Protestant lady missionary in alt North 
Japan, and contimicd to he for two Mars, not one 
nearer than Tokyo, which is five hinidred miles south. 
Mhviii K'fl'' ''•"! l"en ^;atllcred into the sihool, when, 
I>eceml)er 0, i.S;^, a disa.strous fire, whii'h consumed 
two thirds «)f the city, deprived her of a sihool-house. 
She taught for a time in her hedrooni. Hut her 
health failed, an<l she returned home. Miss Kate 
W'liodwortli arri\ed in Decemlier, is.Sci, in a violent 
snowstorm, N'o jinrikisha could he pr<H-nred, an<l 
she was obliged to climh the hill in a <leel> snow. 
Miss Mary II,im|it<)n was also sent out that year; 
and in iH«i the " Caroliuc \Vri«ht .Memorial " was 
built, a Kift to the mission fny^ ^''^- J- A. WriKlit, of 
New York City, from the proceeds of a fair held in 
her own parlors. ■ With matchless skill and perse- 
verance, for ei>;ht months she wroiiKlit, like the silk- 
worm, her life into her lablirs, until, when arrange- 
ments for the .sale were completed, ^'ovend)er 29,, it was a marvel of even Oriental elet^ance of 
drapery and desiKii. Cards of invitation had l>een 
issued to friends, and at the close of a three days' re- 
ception, which had all the charm and grace of i)rivate 
hospit.dity, there had been an exchaiiKc of values 
^upon the prim iple of commercial cipiivalents, which 
Kit the sum of 5i,7<k3 in the treasury, as the seal of 


JM'AN. 337 

the Master's word, ' Give, and it shall be given unto 
you.' The beautiful net-dlevvork decorates lovely 
homes, while the money raised the walls of Christ's 
kinfjdunt ; and thus aK'iin is fulfilled the command, 
full uf both liiiMian nnd Divine meaning, 'Render 
unto Caesar the thiuKS that are Caesar's, and unto 
G(k1 the things that are God's.' One of the bean- 
tirtil features of the wcasion was the" presence 
and assistance of the two only children of the two^ 
daughters in whose memory this dee<l of love wa« 
done. One of them, a child ot twelve years, became 
so iulereslvd tliat she made some simple articles, 
and asked the privilege of having a table of her own; 
and tlie receipts were $40, with which she intended 
to buy a sewing-machine for the Home." But the 
donor's interest and generosity did not stop with 
this. IVrhaps no woman in tlie Church has sent so 
many bo.xes, cdiitaiiiiiig vahiuble gifts, both for mis- 
sionaries and pupils, India sharing with Japan, in 
these gifts. An enumeration of the articles would 
make too long a list ; but among the most imix)rtant 
Were two new Mason and Hamlin organs, three 
sewing-machines to Japan, and one to India, com- 
forters, blankets, plaid woolen shawls by dozens, wool 
stockings in large quantities, books, scrapbooks, dolls, 
bed-linen, pillows, table-linen, etc. She interested her 
personal friends from many places, and in other de- 
nominations, who assisted her with .supplies. Both 
the Bible Society and Methodist Book Concern made 
her liberal contributions. 

Dr. Ilamisfar reached Hakodati in 1883, and Miss 
Ivlla Hewett in 1SH4. The school had to be enlarged ; 
the number enrolled during the year 1887 was one 



3,^8 l^OMAy's Foxn/f.y Missiosaky Socikty. 

huii(lr(.'<l iiinl fi)ur, sixty-Htvcn hc-iiiK b<>iir(liiiK-f*chol- 
art. A braiicli-i«ch<><)l was <HH-iif<l timt year in 
Hironaki, and the niiniionaricH took turnit in su|K.Tin- 
tvndinK it f<>f Wftks, and soiMctimt-s one would j{o and 
stay tliri-c nionllis 

Mi»H HfWftt left in NovenilKT, i8.Hy, ami for family 
reasun.i has not rcturni<i, bnt Miss AuKU'-ta DickiT- 
M)n had come out, and Miss Ocorxiana liaucus ar- 
rived the followinjf year. ICai'h of tlicni jjavi- some 
time to IliroNiki. Miss NaKoniinc, one of the most 
vahiat)le native teachers, ninrried, in tiie siirin^ of 
18M8, Mr. Honda, one of tlic leading men in the Japan 
Conference, n reserve dele^jate to tlie (Icneral Confer- 
ence. Tliey made their lionio in Hirosaki that year, 
and she rendereil Miss Hampton valnal)le aid. The 
faihirc of Miss Kaullmcli's healtli caused her to try 
another thniate, and she was transferred to Yone/.awa. 
In September, |HS.S, the first ^radnatinK exercises 
were held, when two f,\T\s who had l)een in the .si'hool 
from the very start, successfully finished their course 
of .study. The course covers ei^ht years. This is 
the school of highest ^f'^de; ami has the best reputa- 
tion of any school north of Sendai. Two mission- 
aries strcntJthcned the force in 1S94— Miss I-Morence 
Iv Singer to Hakodati, and Miss Irene Lee to Hiro- 
saki. As >^. as possible, the school conforms to 
Japanese ways. A kocmI deal of att«ntion. in all the 
schools in Japan, is paid to manners, and in order to 
educate the girls properly, sometimes interesting ex- 
aminatious are held in Japanese ctii|mrtte, when a 
novel feast is arranged, one girl taking the part of 
host, and others that of attendants. A ceremonious 
dinner is given, and though the food j^ all simulated — 

JAIA.S. 3,^9 

finh, vegetables, etc., IxitiK artiittirall)' made or cloth — 
everything is handled >«> deftly «iid the inotenicntN of 
the waiter* are no KrAcelui^ tlut a pretty MKht i» 
afforded. I 

NuHSK oiruh' Schooi..— The h^eart of the for- 
eiK'ier is tomlicd with pity for none more, perhnpH, 
than for the little tiurse-Kirl in Japan, who, at work or 
at play, from morning to ni^ht, is burdened with the 
weight of another child, !«carcely smaller than herself. 
One of the saddest features of this system of caring 
for small children is the fait that it deprives a large 
class of twirls of all educational privileges, except those 
rather (lucstiouable ones afforded by the street. The 
mis.sionaries in Hirosaki have put forth some initial 
efforts to help these little unfortunates in opening a 
nurse-girls' school in 1H9.V and they found tl\e results 
highly interesting and .satisfactory. 

WoMANS #)NFi;kHNCK.— Since I88,^ a Woman's 
Conference has been held in Japan, convening at the 
same time and place as the Japanese Annual Confer- 
ence, and composed of all the representatives of the 
Society and tlfe women of the General Uoard. It has 
a fo«r years' course of shuly for the mi-Ssionaries, a 
two years' course for Japanese Christian workers, and 
a one year's course for other Christian women. 
Aoyan^a Is always the meeting-place. It has been 
custoniary for the presiding Bishop of the Annua^ 
Confei^nce to open these Woman's CoiiTerences, the . 
First Vice-President usually in the chair thereafter. 
But at i^fTteiith sissiiin great was the rejoicing in the 
present^ of one of the Home Secretaries, Mrs. Keen, 



who presided at evvry session and informal meeting, 
fn the interim sitting witli committees, and hearing 
and answering questions innumeralile. She solved 
many difficult problems, unraveled many perplexities, 
and comforted many hearts. Twice she gave public 
addresses; one before the Annual Conference on the 
occasion of the Woman's Anniversary, the other at 
the closing session before the members of the Woman's 
Conference alone. 

Again, at the eleventh session, in 1894, the mem- 
bers were favored with the presence of two of the 
home-workers, Mrs. Hishop Ninde and Mrs. Mary C. 
Nind. The last named was elected President. This 
was called the Earthquake Conference, and was held 
in the Harrison Industrial School-building, the only 
one which did not suffer .seriously from the earth- 
quakes a few weeks before. The one great question 
to be settled concerned the con.solidation of the 
Aoyama and Tsukiji schools, on account of the unsafe 
condition of the Tsukiji building after the earlh(|uake ; 
and thi- cost of repairs being almost as great as that 
of a new building. Mrs. Nind appointed a Huilding 
•Committee for both Tokyo and Yokohama. At the 
cl8se of the Conference, MrS. Nind gave a short ad-, beginning with commendation, continuing with 
advice, and closing^ with exhortation. It was full of 
love, sympathy, and inspiration. 

The twelfth .se.ssion convened in the ladies' semi- 
nary at Aoyama, July 11, 189.S, Bishop Walden pre- 
siding at the opening .session, when he expressed his 
surprise and regret that the sessions of the Woman's 
Conference should be distinct from of the Annual 
Conference. There were sixteen representatives of 

' Japan. 3*4 i 

the Society present, besides several members of tl>e 
General Board, and a few visitors from America and 
^'hina. In the election of officers, Mrs. Bishop VVal- 
den was elected President. At this se.ssion the in- 
structions of the Home Reference Committee were 
read concerning the furnishing of certified copies of 
all deeds of property owned by the Society in foreign 
countries being sent to the Treasurer, Mrs. Slcidniore, 
as custodian. A request from the Annual Conference 
was read for the selection of a member of the Woman's 
Conference to serve on next year's Entertainment 
Committee. In con.sequence of the inequality of ex- 
penses incurred by those coming from the extreme 
north and .south, and that which the ladies in Aoyama 
incur in preparing for so many guests, it was decided 
to pool all expenses, and divide in equal shares. 

AuxiuiARiES. — In 1 8^6 an Auxiliary in Yokohama 
was organized, known as the Higgins Memorial Aux- 
iliary, pledging the support of one scholarship in the 
training-school. It belongs to the New Iingland 
Branch. March 26, 1887, an Auxiliary was organized 
in Tokyo, reporting to the Northwestern Branch. 
Within six months there was $25 in the treasury to- 
ward supporting a Bible woman in the training-school 
in Yokohama. Girls are much interested in the 
meetings, which are generally attended by the entire 
school, whether members or not. There are now two 
Auxiliaries in Tokyo, one in Kagoshima, and one was 
organized in Fukuoka, wheji every woman who was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church became 
a membei of the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 

'j^-v^y?" -•»'» ■ '; 

342 Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

Coiiimeiiced in 1883. 

" You are making a great mistake. Why don't you 
work She other way?" siiid an intelligent Korean to a 
missionary.* " If you want to win Korea, win the 
women. Win the mothers, and all Korea will be 
Christian." But they can not be reached by men, and 
but a handful of women who love Christ have gone to 
seek them. Korea was opened to civilization and to 
the gospel in 1882. The first company of mi.ssion- 
aries representing the Methodist Episcopal Church 
started for Korea in January, 1885, but found, on 
reaching Japan, news that made an onward move- 
ment somewhat hazardous. Dr. Maclay advised that • 
the party be divided, thus avoiding the -suspicion that 
■ might arise if they went in a body. Mrs. Scranton, 
of the Woman's Society, and Dr. vScrauton's wife and 
child, remained in Yokohama until June, when they 
joined the rest of the party in Seoul, the capital of 
Korea. Things were in an un.settled state. Civil 
war seemed imminent at times, and war between Eng- 
land and Russia probable. A group of obstacles was 
met in the social customs of the people. " Family life 
is tiioroughly patriarchal. Marriage is almost obliga- 
tory ; the unmarried state a shame to either sex. 
Male children are esteemed they perpetuate 
tlie ancestral line and maintain ance.stral worship. 
Female children, at marriage, arq transferred to the 
family of their husbands, and, therefore, are lightly 
esteemed by their parents; while the wife who brings 
forth only daughters is likely to find herself .soon re- 
placed iu her spouse's affections. Young people take 


/Coke A. • 343 

no part in the choice of their partners. Women of 
the better classes rarely leave their homes. 
.seen upon the streets all belong to the lower orders. 
The wife is never looked upon as a companion by her 
helpmeet, and if she belong to a respectable class, 
paSses her life in the .seclusion of the woman s quar- 
ters." Such is Korean life. The Christian household 
is an innovation which revolutionizes the very basis 
of society. This is inevitable. Christian homes are a 
prime essential of the Christian Church, and the 
Chri.stian home involves much at variance with Korean 
views. Missionary work was at a great di.sadvantage. 
A beginning was made without a Bible, without a dic- 
tionary or grammar, without even a leaflet to put in 
the hands of the people. 

Mrs. Scranton, recognizing the necessity for a home 
where she could gather the women about her, wrote 
to tlie Society for permission to buy a piece of prop- 
erty in a commanding situation, overlooking the Amer- 
ican Legation. Through the generosity of Mrs. 
W. E. Blackstone, of Chicago, $3,000 was given for 
the purchase, and October 23, 1885, the Woman's For- 
eign Missionary Society was the owner of real estate 
in the city of Seoul, and the work of educating the 
wouien and girls was begun. In than two years 
medical work and direct evangeli.stic work were added. 
Miss Louisa C. Rothweiler was the second mi.ssion- 
ary appointed to Korea in 18S7, and the first .sent out 
from the German Methodist Church. It is claimed 
that the first Protestant baptism in Korea adminis- 
tered to women, was by Rev. Mr. Appenzeller, of the 
General Society, who was embarrassed at their not hav- 
ing names, and baptized them, giving them the names 

344 Woman 's Foreign Missionary Society. 

of Mary, and Martha, and Miriam. February 12, 1HS9, 
he organized a class among the women who had been 
receiving religious instruction, and tile following Sun- 
day bapti/cd nine persons. A few days later, eight 
others were received on probation. On account of 
the rigid seclusion of a large part of the wonien, it 
seemed necessary to organize them for the time into 
a separate Church, and the Rev. F. Ohiinger, at the 
annual meeting in 1S89, was as.signed their pa.stor. In 
1894, Ninde dedicata^'a small chapel, built es- 
pecially for the women by the native Church. Mis- 
sion work in Korea rejoices in visible results without 
long waiting. The native Christian women are help- 
ful in .selling books, Sunday calendars, and in giving 
out Sunday-school lesson helps. They act as in- 
terpreters, though they have t^^kteu sometimes to 
insulting remarks made abou^P^othem. At one 
time it was .suggested to oireof earnest Chris- 
tian women that she had better stay at home, and they 
would get along as best they could without her. To 
this she made reply: "After you ladies have come 
thousands of miles to teach us Jesus' love, and you 
receive insult from niy countrymen every day, shall •! 
stop doing all I can for Jesus just 1 am in- 
sulted? No. If I obey Je.^us, their insults will not 
hurt me. I want to do all I can to help my Korean 
sisters to get the .same peace in their hearts that I 
have in miue, because I love and .serve Christ." 

In 1886, soon after the new building was occupied, 

the president of the Foreign Office, in order to show 

the people that Mrs. Scranton had the confidence of 

. the Government, sent the scliool-nanit, " Pear Flower 

School," which was framed accurdiua to custom, and 

KoKBA. 345 

huiix over the bijj Rate. Shortly after a kfiiison fol- 
lowed. The kiiiisoiis arc soldiers who are attachefl 
to certain ofTicials, always acting as escort whenever 
they go out. They carry letters and do similar 
errands. They can not he employed except by special 
favor of the king. His presence about the place, or 
accompanying Mrs. Scrantoii, was really a great thing 
in Korean estimation. In 1895 he was called back 
into Government .service an?l greatly missed. 

In 1888, during the political disturbances, when 
all religious teaching had to be suspended, the king 
was friendly and ordered seventy-five soldiers from 
Chemulpo to (piiet the disturbance. 

Miss Margaret Uengel was appointed to Seoul in 
i89o,Jind three years later became the wife of Rev. 
G. H. Jones, and pioneered the work in Chemulpo in 
1893, the first work among women outside of Seoul. 
After one year's work, there were eight baptized 
women, seven children, three full members, and thir- 
teen probationers. Several times she was called to 
houses to take down the fetiches worshiped by the 
women who wanted to break loose from heathenism. 

Miss Josephine O. Payne arrived in Seoul in 1892, 
and Miss Mary W. Harris and Miss Lulu E. Frey in 
1893, who, with Dr. Cutler and the trahied nurse, Miss 
LewirS, brought the working force up to seven em- 
ployees of the Woman's Society. Kvangeli.stic work 
succeeds better than school-work, the school at Seoul 
in 1893 numbering thirty-five girls, and in 1894 only 
twenty. Troublous times was partly the cause. Dur- 
ing the war in 1894, a United ^tates warship went to 
Chemulpo to protect American interests, not the 
of which are our American missionaries, tn March, 



346 IVojtr.t.y 's Foreign Missionary SocfBTr. 

1894, Mrs. Scraiitoii made the first country trip ever 
undertaken by a woman, and during the eight days 
occupied, fully six hundred women heard the Rospel 
message. She had an audience with the king and 
queen and the crown prince in 1.S95, and was in- 
vited to other homes of high officials. In less than 
six months, over one thousand Korean women were 
received by Mrs. Scranton in her own room, the 
majority coming es])ecially for religious teaching. 


Industrial schools have come to be of great, im- 
portance in foreign missionary work. The time has 
come for a revtdutioii in the old-time practices in India 
and elsewhere. Let the men go into the fields, the 
foundry, and the factory; and let the women take 
their places in the hospital, at the desk, and in the 
shop. Let men stop their dressmaking and sewing, 
and give such work to the women ; let them stop 
sweeping and making beds, and then this will drift 
into the hands of women. Industrial schools are 
needed where girls can be trained in specialties. 
They need to be taught one thing, and to do it well. 
A beginning has been made by the Woman's Society 
in some of the mi.ssions. In Pithoragarh, a station 
in the Himalayas, some fifty women support them- 
selves by working on the farm in connection with 
the Home for the Homeless. They cultivate rice 
and other grains. The Home for Homeless Women 
in Lucknow, established in 1882, is maintained by 
the work of women. Tlrey are trained in the use of 
the sewing-machine, and do plain and fancy sewing 
and knitting. Poi,nt-lace and gold-thread embroidery 

Indvstkim. Education. 347 

are also taught. ' In the cook-house, jams and other 
sweets are prepared for sale. All are instructed in 
housekeeping. The blind are also taught to knit 
and to care for themselves, looking to self-support. 
A woman's workshop has been opened on one of 
the principal streets in Rangoon, Burma. A fore- 
woman is employed to oversee the work and take 
orders. Some sixty women here make their own 
living. Industrial work is made a specialty in Tokyo, 
Japan, where a building was erected in September, 
189,1, for industrial teaching, in order that the women, 
to so great an extent destitute of the means of self- 
support, may be helped to a way of independent liv- 
ing. While emphasis is placed on Japanese^ewing, 
instruction is given in foreign sewing, knitting, and 
crocheting, embroidery, straw-work, and cooking. In 
addition, some of the fine arts are taught ; such as 
drawing, crayoning, water-color painting, and wood- 
carving. Orders are taken in America for some of 
their beautiful embroidery. 

Manual-labor schools in a country with so com- 
plex a civilization as China meet with difficulties of 
peculiar obstin.icy; but by a long trial these can, no 
doubt, be overcome. 

In all the boarding-schools and orphanages in 
every mission field, the girls are taught sewing, dress- 
making, cooking, and general house-work. In India 
.the native Christian girls are taking responsible posi- 
tions; one, educated in the Bareilly Orphanage, has 
been selected to take charge of the woman's depart- 
ment in a Government hospital in North India; others 
are clerks in dispen.saries ; one has been appointed to 
take charge of a post-office — a Uping unknown in India 


t 348 IVoMAN's FoREia:) AfissroNARY Society. 

before — and some are in charge of waitiiig-rooras at 
.. railway stations 



4 Commenced in 1857— Left without a resident missionary in 
1864— Abandoned in i87i~-Re-occupie(l in 1873-Broken 
up in 1877— Renewed in 1879— Const-.iuted a Mission Con- 
ference in 1872 — Woman's Work organized in 1884. 

The Woman's P'oreign Missionary Society began 
work in Bulgaria in 1874, by supporting one or two 
ISible women and two or three girls in the school 
of the American Board at Samokof. The Rev. Mr. 
Flocken, the Superintendent of the mission, was very 
much interested in woman's work, and employed 
Clara Proca for the Woman's Society as Bible woman 
at Tultscha, in Eastern Bulgaria, on the Danube. 
She was of German descent, and one of the first 
scholars in the mission-school in i860. When she 
was sixteen years old (1864), she was appointed a.ssist- 
aut teacher. Clara was able to instruct the women 
in several different languages. She reached the 
hearts of those for whom she labored. But the work 
was soon disturbed by the unsettled condition of the 
country, caused by ttle Turko-Russian war. Many of 
the native Christians were murdered; and some of the 
funds in hand were granted to care for the orphans 
of the preachers who were killed in the war. The 
Rev. Mr. Flocken returned to America, and the work 
and workers were scattered. After matters were 
.settled and the country became quiet, Rev. D. C. 
Challis, who had been appointed superintendent, and 
who went to Loftcha, feeling the importance of again 
undertaking the work among women, opened a school 

^B^V^^^'C^VT?; '!!?"'', ™^^^ 



for girls, November, i8«o; and being unsuccessful in 
securing a Bulgarian teacher, he and Mrs. Challis 
took the work upon themselves, and cared for the 
^irls in their own home. While these people ^re not 
low and degraded like the heathen, there are rea- 
sons why we 
should help 
them, chief 
among which 
are : "A dead 
Church whose 
bishops are 
mere politi- 
cians and 
worse, and 
priests who 
are ignorant 
and immoral 
and utterly 
despised by 
the people at 
large. In 
their effort at 
m e n t they 
need the go.s- • , 

pel and that great safeguard of true liberty, a national 
canscience." The school developed, and in 1881 the 
General Society instructed Mr. Challis to build a 
house for the school, which he did at a cost of $3,500, 
locating it in one of the pleasantest parts of Loftcha. 
It is one of the noticeable buildings in the city. 
Its purchase was ordered b^ the General Executive 

Clara PmoCA. 

TW-'Z > ''rl^'V?'V'??^f^"^''^'V^9'^^f^«lfF 

350 Woman 's Fokeign Mission ar r Society. 

Committee in 1883, and arrangements made for send- 
ing out a lady to superintend and carry on the school. 
Owing to the instability of the Government, the work 
was interrupted, and school closed by order of the 

Minister of Hd- 
ncation. and the 
students were 
placed in Samo- 
kof. Permission 
was granted, 
and some time 
afterward the 
Government or- 
dered the school 
to be again 
opened, and a 
primary school 
at Rustcliuk al- 
so. Thus tliree 
years of labor, 
three removals, 
two prolonged 
contests with 
the authorities 
of the Govern- 
ment, and much 
patient and im- 
patient waiting, were involved in the establishment 
of the school at Loftclia. 

In 18H4, Miss Linna Schenck was appointed to the 
work. She arrived in November, and at once entered 
upon her duties with enlhusiasn^. Her native a.ssist- 
ants were Mrs. Kassova, an experienced Bulgarian 


Bulgaria. 351 , 

teacher, and Miss StoriiHta Atanasova, a graduate of 
the Samokof school, with ten years' experience as 
teacher and some years' residence in Hngland, a very 
companionable lady. Four pupils graduated in 1886. 
At the closing exercises the room was packed with 
visitors, and great interest was manifested. The year 
before, no one dared to come. Two of these girls • 
were engaged to marry young preachers, graduates of 
tlic Theological School at Sistov. One of them took 
work .IS a Bible woman, and another returned to the 
school as primary teacher. Most of the students 
expected in after years to refund the amount ex- 
pended on their education. Most of them were very 
l)0()r, and the Oreek religion subjected them to much 
persecution, which, while it evaded the law, subjected 
them to hardships, rough treatment, and non-employ- 
ment. I'upils of our failh jnet with such opposition 
and detraction in the pul)lic .schools, which are gov- 
ernmental and connected with the ruling Cliurch, that 
our people preferred to have their children grow up 
in ignorance rather than have them educated under 
such influences, which are also often atheistic. Al- 
most the only comfortiible homes and healthy chil- 
dren .seen are those of rroteslaiits, while the igno- 
rance, indecency, uncleaulincss, and superstition is 
indescribable. Miss Schenck did not expect to make 
teachers of ,i 1 her pui)ils, some, she hoped, would 
make good wi\es and mothers. The people by this 
time had come to feel tliat the Protestants were their 
friends, owing to the sympathy shown in their times 
of suflTering. 

Miss Miiry L. N'ind visited this isolated mission, 
and after a long, fift> niii| ride in a phciton to the 

T- \ '; V .■■\i'- ', ■ S- ' ' . , " •■"'y:.-' ■.-■/■: 

352 Wo-»A4Af'5 FORBlGff AflSSrONARY SoCirTV. 

inland town of Loftcha, she said, if she had bcfn in 
the heart of Siberia she could not have felt farther 
away from home and civihzation. When she said 
something like this one day to Miss .Sclienck, a 
heantiful li^ht broke over her face as she answered : 
" Do you think God meant we should ro into all the 
world except Hulj<aria, and teach all people except 
the Bulgarians? KulRaria /.f a lonely place, I know; 
but I love it, and would rather be here than anywhere 
else in the world." 

Miss Schenck's health suffered greatly, and in 
18.S7 Ella Fincham was sent to her relief. The 
school had become vcrj' popular. Kven those who 
had been bitter in their opposition became its patroius. 
The Church autliorities became alarmed, and promi- 
nent people were urged not to set ",such a bad ex- 
ample" as to patronize the school. Onemf the grati- 
fving features of this school has aUmys been the 
religious influence pir\ading it. T^' most of the 
girls l)ccome consistent Clirislians^md prove faithful 
to their profession of faitli after luring school. Miss 
Schenck's general practice wa/to meet all the girls 
at least once a, week for religious conversation ; ^me- 
tinies in the early morning hours, sometimes at 
twilight, but always each girl alone. The work of 
building up these weak Christian characters was 
necessarily slow, and there were many obstacles in 
the way ; but she believed most firmly that the chief 
aim should be the bringing of the girls to Christ. 

In 1.S81), there was much anxiety by reason of an 
order issued by the Minister of Public In.struction, 
allowing none but Bulgarians to teach in the .schools. 
This notice was sent to the several inspectors, and 



Bvi.cARiA. , 356 

variously interpreted by tlieiii ; some claiming that 
it would not iiiterl'ere with tiic work of directors of 
schools, and otliers tiiat it was meant to cover all such 
cases. A protest was sent to tlie Minister, calling 
attention to the fact that our schools are not national 
schools, hut organized under a special law, and sup- 
ported by foreign means, and that the teachers had 
been appnned by the Minister liimself The Exarch issued a decree, iirj^in^ the civil authorities every- 
where to pflt d.)wn the heresies so dangerous to their 
Church and the national life. The edict included both 
Protestant and Roman Catholic. One of the BulRa- 
rian papers, in commentinj!; \ipon the order, said: 
"The Minister will do well to remember that relinio" 
was not propagated in these days by jjolice force nor 
gunpowder, and if the Churcli was in danger, they 
must use the same means that the heretics did ; 
namely, preaching, teaching, and by the spread of 

In 1890. Mrs. Bishop Waldcn cheered the heart of 
the then lonely worker, Miss I'inchani, by a visit. Miss 
Schenck had been compelled by poor health to come 
home in 1S89. Miss Kate B. Blackburn sailed in 
November, 1892, in com))any with a large party of 
missionaries. In London she parted company with 
them, and pursued her journey to Bulgaria alone. 
This was fraught with more difficulties and perplexi- 
ties than a journey to India or China; but she was 
courageous, and accomplished it successfully. Snow- 
bound on the plains of Au.stria for fortj--eiylit hours, 
quarantined at the station opposite Ruslchuk, where 
no one could be found who spoke Oernian, Freucli, 
or English, her experience was unplea.saut in the 


extreme. When released, she received a warm wel- 
come in Mr. Constanfine's home in Rustchuk. A 
further journty by steamer to Sistov, made through 
cold, fog, and floating ice, with a carriage-drive of 
fifty miles to Loftcha, conipkted the journey. 

Miss Fincham returned in April, and Miss Black- 
burn was left with the entire responsibility ofHhe 
school, and also to provide for Sunday services until 
the pa.stor arrived. The coming of Miss Lydia Dicni, 
of Switzerland, in 1893, was counted a great blessing. 
She is the daughter of one of the preachers of the 
Swiss Conference, and admirably adapted to the work 
she has to do. She is thoroughly qualified to teach 
French, music, and drawing, branches that must be 
tauglit well in order to compete with the national 
.schools. Seventy-five pupils were in attendance in 
1893; besides these were five day-schools, with sixty- 
five pupils. In the former school thirty-five were 
boarders, twenty-one of whom were self-supporting, 
and others paid in part. 

In 1894, Miss Amelia Diem, a si.ster of Miss Lydia 
Diem, surrendered a lucrative position to accept a 
situation in the school, taking charge of the classes 
in sciences, and the entire charge of the sewing de- 
partment, having, in addition to the regular course 
of sewing given in the Swiss schools, a special course 
in cutting and fitting. 

' During Bishop Newman's visit to the Bulgarian 
Conference in 1893, Mrs. Newman made the long, 
hard trip to Loftcha. He testifies that the briglitost 
liglit in all our Bulgarian Mission is the Girls' Board- 
ing-school at Loftcha. 


■■¥■■ ' ■ -f'; ■ ■ ^ 

Miss Mary Habtihgs. Mk8. Susam Warner Dt:.!-MoRE. 

Mita Bmua Hall. 
Miss Jenhib B. Chafih. 

Miss Lod b. Dexniho. 


■ liir>;^^'?9^^if!Wfl^r-; 

Chapter XIIK 
italy, mexico, south america, and africa, 


Organized as a Conference in 1871 — Woman's Work com- 
menctd in 1877. 

CATHOLIC fields represent all the difficulties of 
ordinary pagan lands, with some special diffi- 
culties peculiar to this semi-pagan institution — Ca- 
tholicism. To quote one of the missionaries : " Ca- 
tholicism destroyed nothinj; of pagan worship. Though 
the images and holidays are baptized with new names, 
they are none the less heathen idols and pagan gala- 

The work of the Society began in Rome and 
Venice in 1877, by employing three Bible women, un- 
der the su])ervision of Dr. and Mrs. Vernon. Bible 
women were employed in other places from time to 
time, until, in 18H5, work was established in most of 
the principal points on the peninsula, beginning with 
Turin, at the northwestern extremity, through A.sti 
and Milan to Venice, on the Adriatic Sea, at the 
northeastern border, down through Bologna and 
Perugia to Rome, and on to Nai)les, across to l^oggia 
and Venosa, near the southeastern extremity. In 
1887 as many as thirteen Bible women were at work, 
reading the Scriptures from house to house and from 
person to person, endeavoring to bring women to the 
public services and children to the Sunday-school, 



358 WoAfAN's Foreign AfjasioNAKY SocrETY. 

circulathig religious papers and tracts, and helpfully 
looking after the sick and poor of the congregation. 
They held sewing-classes, and some of them ojiened 
small day-schools in their own homes. They also 
held gratuitous music and French classes, all to help 
them reach the families; sometimes driven away 
when calling at their homes on the children, with the 
cry of renegado, apolalf, being instigated by the 
priests. This is a wide range of work, the accomplish- 
ment of whiili is of the utmost importance to the 
cause of Christ in Italy. Our first Bible woman at 
Venosa is the wife of an Italian pastor, and is now, 
in 1S95, engaged with him in doing work among the 
Italians in Hoston. The second Bible woman at Vc- 
nosa is one of the young ladies, now at Cincinnati in 
the Deaconess Home. . She left Venosa al>out a year 
after the opening of the home in Rome to take the 
place of sewing teacher and assist in the training of 
the children. 

One of the Bible women, a pastor's wife, belonged 
to the nobility, really a marchioness, which, while it 
means nothing marvelous, involves a lineage of luster, 
a certain tint and tone in the bloo<l, and when it does 
notliing more, does hang a glimmering nimbus about 
the personality, which tones down deficiencies, height- 
ens and beautifies good qualities and gifts, and in- 
spires a certain amount of respect. Among the 
earlier workers was a young woman in Milan, Ca- 
milla Mattioh, whose cultured bearing and Christian 
meekness and gentleness, her strange and tender mes- 
sjige of a Savior's love for Italian women, so neglected 
or misled by the priests, disseminated almost an an- 
gelic savor and influence over their hard natures and 


Italy. 359 

waking hearts. After her marriage to the pastor at 
Milan, she built up an interesting woman's meeting, 
numbering seventeen, teaching them while they 
worked. She established a Sunday-school in her own 
room. At Naples, the Bible woman also had a Sun- 
day-school in her room, using the Leaf Cluster given 
by Bishop Vincent. Miss Biondi, for seven years a 
Bible reader at Pisa, was converted in New York City, 
attending Mrs. Pliebe P.ilmer's meetings, and returned 
to Italy full of zeal for the conversion of her country- 
women, averaging two meetings daily, and reporting 
692 visits in a single year. This work was not carried 
on without persecution. Mrs. Cruciani, at Mo<lena, a 
most capable Swiss woman, one of the ablest em- 
ployed, who writes and speaks, French, and 
German, suffered much persecution ; her place of 
meeting was watched by spies, who reported all who 

In 1879, Dr. Vernon Saw the necessity of an Or- 
phanage, and quite early began to realize the im- 
portance of having some one sent out by the Society 
to give its benefactions that vigorous and efficacious 
application and direction which they merited, and in 
1SS3 renewed and intensified his appeal for a well-se- 
lected Superintendent. " This is a new husbandry," 
he .said, " to which you are called, and amid a sea of 
difficulties and tangle of obstacles, such as your ban- 
ner-bearers nowhere else encounter. Mark that. Is 
there such another polypus to hold fast its victims as 
the Papacy? These gentlewomen need the counsel, 
guidance, inspiration, and encouraging presence at 
their side of the (General, reminding them anon of the 
presence of the great Captain." 


"The General Ivxccutive Coiniiiittee, in i8>(i, re- 
quested Mrs. Jennie F. Willing, on behalf of the So- 
ciety, to visit the missions in Italy and Itulgaria. She 
was able to execute only the lornier part of the com- 
mission, and a new interest was thereby created among 
the home-workers. Miss Kmma Hall received an ap- 
pointment to Italy in 1885, as the first missionary of 
the Society. Of the beginnings of her work she says : 
"They were very simple; Sunday-school lielps, such 
as my slight acquaintance with the language made 
possible, and were for our, Sunday-school in Rome. 
A little later t undertook the preparation of the In- 
ternational Sunday-school Lessons, and later, notes on 
these lessons, for the aid of our Bible women and 
Sunday-school teachers, for publication in our Italian 
Church paper. My more direct work of supervision 
of the Liible women began in the fall of 1886, when I 
made a trip to our stations south of Rome, in which, 
during a month, I studied their special needs, became 
more fully acquainted with our workers there, and re- 
turned to Rome with my heart greatly encouraged and 
refreshed." In ten months she made ten trips to the 
various stations, occupying from one to six weeks. 
Three years after reaching Rome she gathered nine or 
ten girls into her newly-rented quarters, which she 
proposed should be " a veritable Christian home," 
and in 1888 thus established a Home and Orphanage 
iu Rome, affording a nucleus, about which easily 
gathered other interests, a Sabbath afternoon meeting 
and the organization of a Mission Band. The open- 
ing of schools for girls had been made in the fall of 
1887, when Chevalier Varriale, of Soccavo, a little 
village near Naples, a converted Catholic priest, gave 


Italy. 361 

a room in his villa for a school, and one for the school- 
mistress. He afterwards y^aya his property to the 
General Society, and his body now rests in a little 
Protestant buryinK-Kround near his villa. The little 
mortuary chajiel, in whose walls were places for him- 
self and others of his family, was built'by him on his 
own property, for the Christian sepulture of his own 
familyand any oiljcr evangelicals of his village whom 
there might come in time to be; for at that time his 
household was the only evangelical one in the village. Hall made that first trip of supervision in 1886, 
in time .so as to be present at the dedication, by re-, 
ligious services, of this little cemetery and burial 
chapel. This school was simply a day-school, and 
while well attended at first, was soon broken up by 
persecution. Harangues were delivered against it by 
the priests morning and evening ; large posters were 
put up, threatening excommunication and eternal 
damnation to any who entered the school or permitted 
their children to enter. Even the woman who 
scrubbed the floor was shunned in the streets. This 
fierce onslaught caused the school to be deserted, and 
at the close of the year it was given up. The school 
at Rome, being at the Government center — the Gov- 
ernment having wrested the temporal power from the 
Pope, is tolerant of Protestantism — escaped the open, 
bitter, violent persecution, which had destroyed the 
Soccavo school. In it, the pupils living in the build- 
ing, came directly mider Hall's personal influ- 
ence. Among its pupils has been a granddaughter 
of Garibaldi, who was in attendance during the year 


Mni. Bishop Walden's visit, in 1891, gave great 


:'S|»W'?'i*^ V^JStCT * ■* '^"■^!^W^^W^^^^^W*^. 

362 lV(>A/.iy':> FoKBioN MissioNAKv Socisry. 

pleaMure to the missionary. She was welcomed as the 
Bishop's wife, as a Methodist sister, as the representa- 
tive of the Society, and doubly welcomed as bring- 
iiiK her a companion in the person of Miss Vickery. 
This year tlie Italian Conference be({an its appeals, 
followed through successive years, for a school of a 
higher grade. For four years the school was located 
in the sixth .story of a building, but in 1893 was 
changed to a detached residence, with large, .sunny 
rooms, and a large garden and play-grounds. But the 
former height did not hinder Chri.stians from America, 
on hearing the school sing some old familiar tune to 
which Italian words were adapted, from climbing the 
stairs to hear them sing, ;-ather than hear the celebrated 
nuns of 7'riiii/il de' Monti. 

In 1893, two young women came from this school 
to the Elizabeth Gamble Deaconess Home iu Cincin- 
nati, to receive practical training in deaconess methods 
of visitation and industrial and Sunday-school worj^ 
coming through the genero.sity of one of the fom|(fers 
of that Home. The one who has already been j|<Terred 
to, was converted under the influence of our first Bible 
woman at Venosa, and after her removal from the vil- 
lage she had herself carried on the work for a time, 
though -quite young, and always regretting her early 
lack of training. These two young Italian women 
conduct a growing work among the Italians of Cin- 
cinnati, visiting the jails and city hospitals on regular 
days, when they read the Bible and have religions 
conversation witli those of their own nationality. 
Converts from the nii.ssion of- the Society in Italy, 
coming to America to do missionary work among the 
Italians iu Cincinnati ! 

,V.T- ► 

Italy.]: 363 

Durinf^ the first five years of the school, the Home 
sheltered scvciity-two little girls, representing thirty- 
seven Catliotic and seventeen evangelical families. The 
Bible isa text-book, and forms part of the regular school 
work. In addition to this, there is thorough instruc- 
tion in common branches, and the children are taught 
sewing, cooking, and all the details of housekeeping. 
System prevails throughout the school. The great 
need has been the pos.session of property. Rents were 
high. At last, in tH9,i, a very desirable piece of prop- 
erty could be obtained at one-half its assessed value 
on certain conditions. The house was built for a 
nunnery, and afterward remodeled by an English phi- 
lanthropist for an Orphanage. It could be had for 
$i5,ocx) if used for the pur|>ose for which it had been 
refitted, and on easy terms of payment. The Society 
decided to purchase, and Miss Vickery returned to 
this country to secure the necessary legal papers, in 
order to have the deeds properly executed. When 
she went back. Miss Basye accompanied her, paying 
her own traveling expenses, and receiving for her 
services only a nominal salary. 

During ,,1893-94, ^'rs. S. L. Keen, Philadelphia 
Branch Secretary, made a tour of the world, and oflTi- 
cially visited Rome. A Roman Auxiliary was organ- 
ized on the Silver Anniversary of the Society, Mrs. 
Keen presiding. Twenty-three gave their names, 
pledging a ])rayer and a penny a week. 

May 9 and lo, 1894, are dates to be remembered 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church in the Eternal 
City. On tlie.first date the corner-stone was laid of 
a building which was to become the headquarters of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church in Italy. On May 

^m^w'^^^^'-T^f^^"^ • 'W^ 

564 Woman 's Foks/on AftssioNARr St kibtv. 

lolh tlie newly purchasod propiTty of the Society was 
dedicated as the "(lirls' Home School." Tlie hiiilding 
is a large, siihstantial edifice, five storjes liiKh, with 
a Hmall yard in front and a large garden in the rear. 
The front view is not the most prepossessing ; its 
massive walls and rather small windows have a sug- 
gestion Ufa nunnery, and a large inscription shows it 
was dedicated hy Benedict XIV' for a nuns' school. 
The back of the house, however, has been remodeled, 
and an iron balcony looks out over a beautiful and 

extensive garden, well- 
filled with fruit-trees and 
a great variety of flowers. 
Several tiny fountains 
are splashing among the 
green foliage, and there is 
a well-cultivated garden 
of'vcgetables, pro- 
duction gives healthful 
out-of-door exercise and 
reduces the ' living cx- 
The building was formally 
opened and dedicated by Bishop John P. New- 
man. Miss Vickery has given an excellent ac- 
count of the services, from which we quote: "The 
exercises were held in the large and commodious 
school-room. Kx(|uisite palms stood as sentinels at 
the entrance, welcoming each with a graceful 
but stately greeting; garlands of ivy depended from 
the ceiling, and, with native parasite tendency, clung 
to doors and walls ; while del^ate ferns and beautiful 
Marechal Niel and La Franca roses adorned table, 
windows, and alcoves. ^ The tricolored flag of Italy 

OlKLH' HllMK S4.I|IH>L, KoMk. 

penses of the household. 


Italy. 365 

and the Sum and Stripe* were draped effectively ou 
tlie middle wall, and bleuded iu perfect harmony in 
view of all present. The audience was composed of 
n large number of Knglish and American residents of 
Rome, consuls, attaches of the Government, and many 
Italian friends and patrons of the Church. The serv- 
ices were oiHined with a hymn sung by the thirty five 
Xirls of tlie school. Dnrinx the afternoon they san^ 
several souks, deliRhtins all with their melodious 
Italian voices. ■ The Rev. Mr. PinKott, of the Wes- 
leyan Church, offered prayer, and Dr. Hurt followed 
with a reading of the Hible and a brief introduction 
Mrs then gave a history of the Society. She 
told of its work in the past and its hopes for the fu 
ture, and concluded by asking all present to offer a 
silent prayer for the success of a fund to support 
bible workers in Italy. After another song. Miss Hall 
addressed them in the Italian language. She gave a 
tisuiiie of the work of the institution, from its foun- 
dation in iSHH up to the present time. She spoke of 
the discouragements encountered at first, the antag- 
onism on all sides, the persecutions in many cases, the 
difficulty of scouring a foothold, and the tact and per- 
severance to keep it after it had been secured. From 
a beginning with two girls six years of age, the col- 
lege has grown until now it supports thirty-five; 
from shifting rented quarters, it is now established in 
property of its own ; and from a crawling though 
aspiring infant it is at last able to stand alone. Miss 
Hall concluded amidst great applause, which indicated 
that the audience was in sympathy with the power 
and spirit of the work. 

"Then followed the inaugural discourse of the 


366 Woman 's Fokeiuh Mission amy Socihty. 

Bishop, after which lie received the documents record- 
ing tile acqtiiMitioii uf the property, which ptinhaM 
has resulted (rum the enterprise and persistent deter- 
mination ol the Society. He consecrated the school 
•8 an institution for Christian education, and invoked 
upon it the benediction from above. 

"As Xhejinate of the program announced a garden 
party. Dr. Burt invited all present down into the 
extensive grounds. The garden, which is a very large 
one, abounds in all kinds of fruit trees, vegetables, and 
flowers. There is an old palm, rich in branches, at 
the extreme end; laurels in great (|uantities; orange 
and lemon treesin profusion ; lettuce beds of enormous 
si^e form perfect squares; rows of Roman potatoes 
and Egyptian onions face each other in seeming an- 
tagonism ; there are big and little beans, purple and 
white grapes, and figs in abundance. 

" The (lay was a perfect one for an out-door fCte, 
and the flowers burst forth in splendid perfection, just 
as if for the occasion. Walks down the garden under 
peach, pear, and apricot trees led to vine-covered ar- 
bors where ice and tea were served. Here the guests 
found their way, and in these coolj retreats drank in 
the fragrance of the flowering orangt-tree, and listened 
to the ever-quieting, never-ceasing waters of the 
Acqua Paola, on the top of tlie hill. All too soon the 
sun descended behind the church of St. Onofrio, and 
the old palm-treo nodded his dark head in the evening 
breezes as a sign of farewell. All took their depart- 
ure, leaving the ' Instituto Femiiiinile,' which has had 
such an auspicious opening, to the sheltering protec- 
tion of the Janiculuni under the shadow of Garibaldi's 
fort, where so many fought for the cause of Italy's 

Mmxico. ifn 

freedom. And thus, with the new institute at Sun 
Pantzario, and the iiivv cluirili at I'ortu Pia, MelhcxI- 
ism is established at two t-xtrenie ends of tlie ' Mteriial 
City,' from which stroiiKludds her doctrines will spread 
ahrood under the hlne and clon»llesi» sky of u l)eautiful 
but oppressed country." 

This sihool is the only purely woman's work for 
woman in missionary lines in Italy. ConipariuK the 
seventh with the first year, there is every reason to 
tliank God, and take new courage for tlie future. 
There is cause for gratitude in the moral development 
and increased spiritual life of the school so long under 
the fostering care of Miss Hall, and now, in 1H95, iu 
her absence on her first v,-»cation, under the super- 
vision of Miss Vickery. ^ 

Scplenilx'r 20, iM<>5, while Italians at home and 
abroad were celebrating the silver anniversary of 
their deliverance from papal misrule, the Method- 
ists at Rome were formally dedicating their new mi.s- 
sion house on the famous boulevard whose name com- 
memorates the entry of the victorious revolutionaries. 


Conimenci'd in 1875^ OrK:iiii/f<l iiti a Conference in 1885— 
Woman's «iirU conunenci'il in 1874. 

The work of the Woman's Koreign Missionary 
StK-iety was commenced iu Mexico early in 1H74 by 
Miss Mary Hastings and Miss Susiin Warner. They 
.sailed res])ectivcly from New York and New Orleans, 
met in Havana, and arrived in Mexico City January 
24, 1874. I'nder the direction of the Superintendent, 
Dr. \Vm. Uutler, Miss Hastings took charge of the Or- 
phanage and day school, the nucleus of which had 

368 WoMAy '.V FoKiji.N Mission Any Soum7 P, 

already been t^otluud, ami taught fur a few nioutha 
by Miss Carter, daugliter iif Dr. Carter, formerly of 
the S#iith AiiKTi''a Mission. Miss Warner remained 
iu Mexico City until April, when Dr. Uutler had com- 
pleted arrauKements for oi>ening a school among 
Cornish miners in Pachuca. Mexican children were 
also admitted, and from the first it was open to both 
Iwys and girls. In March, 1H75, Dr. Butler transferred 
Mi.HS Hastings to I'achuca and Miss Warner to Mex- 
ico City. Both schools had been fairly prosperous, 
and so continued. Property was soon puriha.sed, and 
a comfortable building erected in Pachuca, and rooms 
•in the property of the (ieneral Society in Mexico 
were rented. The care of the Orphanage, with its in- 
creasing numbers, proved too heavy a burden for 
Miss Warner, and she became sick with typhus fever, 
and was out of scliool for months. Miss N. C. Ogden 
was scut to her relief, arriving' during the Christmas 
festivities. The Sunday following, Mrs. Clementina 
Butler, who had seen the "beginnings" of Methodist 
mission work among the girls of the "," and now 
of the " West," was much affected when Warner 
brought six girls with her to partake of the .sacra- 
ment of the Lord's Supper. The school contimied 
to increase in numbers, and many oi the pupils gave 
promise of future usefulness as Christian workers. 
Miss Ogdcn's health necessitated her home-coming 
early in 1878, Miss Warner following in a few m<)nth.s. 
Miss Mary I". Swaiiey was immediately sent out to fdl 
the vacancy, and Miss C. I,. MuUiner to her a.ssistailce 
during the year. Warner returned in Novem- 
ber 1879, and took charge of the Pachuca school 
while Miss Hastings had her vacation. For liome 

•■ ; *"'> " ■ 

A/s.\/(i>. * 369 

time the nii.tMioii .siilTiTcil inli'rru|>tii)iis liecause of the 
I'oiitiiiu.-il lii(.'akiiiK <lt)W!i, |ili\sic:illy, of the workers. 
Musty old omveiit.". are not ver> K'ood siinitariiiiiiH, 
niKl, at first, thesi- seeiiiul to l»e the only availiilile 
places for the sc-liools. 

Mkxico Cii-v. - I'Voiii the lie);iiiiiinj{, the Orphan- 
one em-ited lonsideralile iiilirisl, and was sotnetiines 
honored with distiuKuishiil visitors, altractinK men in 
hijjh "Ihiial positions, n"vernors atid others, who ex 
pressed nuaii pleasure with all tlie\ saw. In 1S81, 
Miss Swaney's ht'altli reipiired a ihanKe, and 
M. IClliott was sent out to assist Miss Miilliner. At 
no time wire there any two well-prepare<l workers in 
good health. In 1.SH2 the C)rphanav;e was removed 
from the mission property in the olil l'"rnnciscan con- 
vent, to a nice, commodious rented huildin^' on an ad- 
joining street. The .sihool was reorKani/.ed, and un- 
deniably ranked above all other similar work in the 
city. Another change place<l .Swaiie> in charge 
of (jiieretaro school, and, in I'ebruary, i.S,S,? Mis.s 
llugoboom arrived to help in the Orphanage, Work 
among the women became very encouraging. A 
Woman's Aid S<K-iety was formed, which was self-sup- 
porting, receiving from weekly d^K^ andconcerts that 
year JjMi.d.s. The same touching self denials that 
always characterize the lives of those who serve 
Christ arc found here abto. One aged woman, with a 
small income and a family of five or six, gave $^\o to 
the missionary collection, Miss Mnlliner returned to 
the I'nited Slates, and llugoboom left in AprH, 
i,S84. The institution necessjirily proceeded with a new 
corps of instructors. Miss H. Le Huray was sent out 

> \. 


in Miircli, iN,S4. ami for a time was Oic«nly AmiTiraii , 
la<ly thtrc. Tlu' I'riuiary l)('|>nrltiictit iiiiilt-r tlir 
cull' uf a nativf yoiiilK woinati ulio liad Iktiii «<Uu'ate<l 
In the Ciiiti-d StatfH. Misti Mary l)c I' I.oyd arrivttl in 
ScptfintHsr. The school coiiiparis favorably with one 
of its si/i- in the Uiiileil States, and the ^-irls un very 
much like other Kirls. The event of the year in i.ss6 
waB the piirchaie, on l-ehruary i.slh, of a new liuilding 
for Sjo.LMxi ill Kohli tl»^' (>eneral Society aHnistiuK in a 
brotherly way, until the Woman's S'M-iety could meet 
the entire expense. It is a larjje sloiie liuilditiK. "ith 
a fill I io, or inner court, situated on Secon<l Indepnnia 
Street, one of those new streets that JnareV, the iron- 
handed, drove through the ancient convenjt of San 
l^rancisco, and is closely connecteil with the mission 
pr<ii)erty of the deneral Socuty. At this time thei.'/', 
course of stiuly useil in ('■overTimenl sihools was 
adopted, which gave the Orphanage another ad\atU,ane^ 
Man> of the girls etlncated here have proven vahnJWe 
helpers in varioas parts of the mission. Some are 
wives of native ])astors, and others ara||^el|)ing in 
families, where their superior service isflach appre- 
ciated. In atlditiou to their school work, they are in- 
structed in all dei)artments of household work, and 
their training in systematic habits of inllustry raises 
them in practical efTicieiuy far a1)ove their cimntry- 
womeii, while their earnest, true, religious life makes 
them a power for good. In 1.SS7, Miss Ayres took 
Miss Le Iluray's place , and she was given linhtef 
work. The .school increased in numbers lintil, in 
1892, there were one hundred and forty three in at- 
tendance, ninety-four of whom pas.sed the public ex- 
aniiuation. Thfe course of .study covers twelve years, 

Mexico. .^71 


cxihwivc of thf killili-rKartcii. Tlity liave Kyimmstic 
exerciser. S|iiritiiiil life is liel|>«(l liy work in on V.y 

. worth I.e^iKDv. Miss LoJ'ii wan very sick iii'iNi)i>, 
iiiul, tlirciii^li the etl>)rts of Mrs. Ilishop Walileii, her., 
niothi-r was t imIiIimI to K<> from Cincinnati to niirse 
hi-r buck to hi-ulth. ap- 

In iHgj.'two friends in the States nMi(le''it'|Missil>|e 
to oi^ani/.t; an orchestra ol nine instrnnieuts, which 
are a urtal hcl)( in |inl)lic worship. That >ear live 
most exctllcnt fcachers Kfa'lxated, the first class to 
compute th^' entire course of stniiy in the history of 

, the mission. It is interesting to note that of the forty- 
two native tcachertt working under the Woman's So- 

wXietv, thir^ four were educiiteil in tlleir own schools, 
th(iu>;h tiie> were nnderjjraduates of >;ra^luates from a 
partial course. All ol these five yrtung lady j^raduatcs 
are employed in the work of the mission. At this 
first animal Commencement, as Madai Aceves, fhe val- 
eclictorian, came forward, what ejVs imisi have followed 
her with aiiNiims love I " Her essay," wc are told, 
" w»s well writlifl, and was a tender farewell — to 
whuli t» wliiini.' 'Po the Home that for eleven years 
had sheltered IHer, and l),ceii tn her the ont^- home, 

"in the true scils*, she had ever known ; to the school ; 
to the teachers who had loved her aiu^ helped to loyii 
her character; to the classmates; to the schoo'lmates." 
J'r^sjdinj^ VMur Hutler, after brief addresses, presented 
'iHj)f(>iiias, and then ^avv to each a volume of his 
fariitr.>s "Mexico in Transition." 

"In iK(;4 the I.oyd and Ayres were >;ranted 
leave of abstince. The Misses \'an Dorsten and Dun- 
jiiore were summoned from another station, and kept 
up the .work, with rare judgment and* devotion, until 



the return, in, December, of tlie fonuer teachers. About 
forty bonniin^ ^11(1 one hutidjadday pupils were tlieir 
constant care. Many new niel|j^'s joined tlie lipworth 
League, and there were a goodly ntiijiber of interest- 
ing conversions. Seventeen girls uniWIt^vith the 
Church on Conference Sitnday under Itishop Joyce. 
The annual examinations were creditable to the in- 
structors, and elicited warm expressions of approval 
from the lady inspector sent by the Oovernment. 
This was the first time that women had been thus em- 
ployed. This fact, and the fact that postmistresses, 
lady telegra])h operators and stenographers, are com- 
ing to the front in Mexico, is one of the good signs of 
the times, and the presence and work of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society has had its influence, 
doubtless, in the recognition of woman's fitness for and other positions.. 

PACiiocA.^Miss Hastings returned from her va- 
cation in New England to I'achuca the last of the 
year 1.S.S0, and has remained continuously at her post 
ever .since. In February, 1H81, Miss KUiott was trans- 
ferred from the Orphanage to take charge of the F^ng- 
lish-speaking work, and remained until her marriage, 
the of 1883, to Mr. R. Wil.son. There were 100 
girls enrolled at this time. In January, 1884.. Miss 
Laura L,atinier joined the mission, and assisted Miss 
Hastings for one year, and was transferred to other 
work. In 1887 the .school was under the superintend- 
ency of Field, whose presence in Mexico allowed 
Miss Hastings to take a greatly-needed rest. Miss 
Hastings's steady Christian example and faithful teach- 
ing through all the years have brought forth uiM'ail- 

Mexico. 373 

iiig results. The girls educated under her reninin firm 
to their Christian life and profession. They h^ve seen 
her kneeling at the bedside of the siA and dying, 
shrinking from no poverty, filth, or disease, if she 
could minister comfort and help a soul to trust in 
Jesus. It is no wonder the girls believe in her Christ. 
She meets with opposition from tlie priests— work in, 
a Roniisli land must be a continual war — but is often 
encouraged by words like these : " I want you trt teach 
my daughters religion ; I want them to have your 
faith." In 1889 the Mexican pastor reported 50,000 
Scripture verses rei>eated by the children in this 
school. That year Miss Hastings' opened a second 
school in another part of the city, and in both had 215 
children under instruction. For assistant teachers 
young women are employed who have been educated 
by her.- Nearly six years the demand for enlarged 
borders was heard in the General lixecutive Commit- 
tee meetings, and in 1894 the increa.sed accommoda- 
tions were completed, when the school had an enroll- 
ment of 355 pupils, the highest number hitherto at- 
tained by any similar Protestant institution in the Re- 
public. Au interesting feature of the .school is an or- 
chestra, with some .ten or twelve young lady musi- 
cians, who are always ready to assist on festive occa- 
sions. At one tipe they serenaded the governor of 
the State on his birthday, arid'wfete received most cor- 
dially by the State officials. 

In the early days, when revolutions were the order, Hastings and her school were especially exposed, 
from the nearness to the Government House. In 1876 
a grenade demolished one of the older buildings^ and, 
after the attao^v, she found a good-sized piece of a shell 


at her bedroom door, plenty of balls in the school- 
room, fresh and hot, sixteen hullet-holes in the front 
door. Several balls jjassed throngh the chairs and 
benches. These were days of severe and bitter perse- 
cution, when "Death to Protestants!" was yelled in 
the ears of the missionaries as they passed quietly 
along the streets, where they were in constant danger 
of martyrdom. 

PVBBi..\. — In June, 1H81, Miss Warner opened the 
Puebla school in a rented building, which had been 
with great difficulty secured, as no landlord desired a 
Protestant school under his roof. Three little girls 
were the pupils during the first week, and the enroll- 
nant lor the year was only eighteen, nine of them re- 
, nuiiniug for examination. This was a very discour- 
aging beginning, and success seen\ed problematical in 
such a fanatical city; but Dr. C. W. Drees, then su- 
periutendent. urged another year's trial before aban- 
doning the field. It required tact, skill, and Divine 
guidance wisely to direct the children in Bible study, 
and so the simple story of Jesus was re&d; and the 
truth that all Christian history and doctrine centered 
in Him was taught. The next year an advance was 
made, twenty-four pujiils remaining for examination 
at the close, and Miss Warner began to.hope for a flour- 
ishing school. A native a.ssistant was secured, a grad- 
uate of the Puebla Normal School. In 18S3 a change 
of buildings became neces.sary. The house, at first 
rented passed to a new owner, who insisted on posses- 
sion as soon as practicable ; but Mexican law conceded 
to a tenant the right of occupancy for three years, if 
rent is promptly paid; so the missionaries took time 

Mexico. 375 

to find a convenient place. The school was needing 
a large room, and at this jnncture the one directly op- 
posite was vacated providentially, affording the desired 
accommodations. The bnilding was definitely en- 
gaged before the owner was aware that a Protestant 
school was to occupv it. Only the second floor was 
rented, and trials b^an when a Catholic priest from 
the couiitBf , jyiUr a family, and horses, dogs, chickens, 
parrots, etc., took possession of tHe lower story with 
its small patio. Several months passed before he was • 
indnced to leave. Then the lower tenement was rented 
for the sclrttol, to be occupied by Orcilles, the 
Mexican assistant. The school Avas prosperous, the 
enroUniLiit being over fifty. An interesting class of 
girls was l)eiiig trained in .iccordance with Ameri- 
can eilucatiunal methods; and better, was daily read- 
ing; and studying the Bible and singing gospel hymns. 
Another a.ssistant was obtained as the character and 
aims of the school were being modified. 

Miss Warner's health being very much broken, 
.she returned liome in 18.S4 for a few months of rest, 
and the school at (Jueretaro being small, a Mexican 
. lady, was placed in charge, and Miss Swaney trans- 
ferred to I'uebla. . This school, which had been built 
up by tliree years of hard work by Miss Warner, took 
first-class position, attracting to it a better class than 
is usually found in mission .schools, and largely from 
Romish families. It lost none of its prestige under 
Miss .Swaney s care. The plan of training the more 
advanced pupils with reference to a normal course, 
and. if jjossible. of founding a normal .school for the 
education of teachers to be employed in the mission 
schools, began to take form, l^pon Miss Warner's 

376 WOUAy'S FORElGlf MlSSlOffARY SocrsTV. 

return in the fall, negotiations^ were completed for the 
purchase of a missionary home and school building 
adjoining ihc new property of the General Society, and 
the changes necessary to adapt the house to school pur- 
poses were soon begun. As the work needed two Amer- 
ican teachers, it was deemed best that Miss vSwaney 
should remain, if her health, which had become impaired 
in Miss Warner's absence, would permit; but a rest 
of several weeks failed to restore her, and she returned 
to the United .States in the spring of 1885. The new 
building was ready in Feliruary, i8<S6, and Miss Lizzie 
Hewett was sent dut to assist Miss Warner. The fol- 
lowing j'car Miss Hewett opened a school in Tetela, 
and Miss N. C. Ogden came again to .Mexico, inau- 
gurating the Kindergarten Department in the I'uel)Ia 
school. She accomplished a most difficult in in- 
teresting a number of women in a kind of sewing .so- 
ciety, with a regular membership fee, the profits of 
which were u^ed in meeting the expenses of the kin- 
dergarten. In the summer of i.HSH, Mexico enjoyed 
her first Pentecost. A gracious revival broke out in 
I'uebla, when the most advanced pupils in the .scluwls 
under both .Societies, were converted. Miss Warner 
closed her schools for the time. Again, in i.SXy, an- 
other outpouring of the Holy Spirit, and the entire 
school was wrought upon. A of two" young 
ladies graduated ; all departments were in a prosper- 
ous condition. Besides the two American ladies, three 
Mexican teachers were employed, also a professor of 
mu.sic : and several of the pupils assisted in teaching 
as a training in normal work. There were nearly 
thirty-five boarding pupils, and a total enrollment of 
pyer one hundred and fifty in all. Additional room 


Mexico. yn 

was provided this year. Miss Ogden retired from the 
work, and Miss Parker returned, taking charge of the 
school, when Miss Warner came to the Statcs^wiard 
the close o(^ 1S90. She married the following year, 
and remained here. Miss Ainia Limberger was soon 
spnt ont .to undertake tlie supervision of the kinder- 
garten and elementary departments. There were then 
200 girls in the schools. Among the changes that 
have occurred, is the adoption, previously contem- 
plated, of the cofirse of sttidv used in the normal 
school of the vStatd of I'nebla, that there nii},'lu 1* no 
discrimination against our girls when applying for po- 
sitions in the public schools. Under the able manage- 
ment of Misses Parker and Limberger.the Puebla Nor- 
mal Institute greatly increa.sed in numbers, and ad- 
vanced in all departments, Eight graduates are teach- 
ing in Puebla or elsewhere. In'^.Sgs, Miss Dunniore 
was added to the teaching force. 

*MiK.\ri.()RKs. — A school was opened in Miraflorcs 
'in \V^~^^. containing twenty seven scholars, which, in 
iK,S;,, had grown to seventy-five, and in i,S.S5 anew 
school building was completed. Here lio old convent 
is made \ise of. and the picturesque has yielded to the 
healtliful ; the room is sunny and well ventilated, 
w liicli is in marked contrast to almost all in Mex- 
ico : the .'•aying, " It was once ])art of an old convent," titkjs had to be "cured" by the owner giving 
to tlie Church large sums for absolution, had become 
very familiar. Two lumdred names were enrolled on 
the r/?<fistcr, and tlie teachers were graduates from the 
Orplianage in Mexico City, who met the demands of 
the work in an excellent manner. Truly this has 

378 WoAfAN's Foreign MrssroNARy SOt/Ery. 

been our Protestant comer of Mexico, where evangel- 
ical work has the right of way. Generous aid was 
given the work by Mr. Robinson, a kind-hearted Kng- 
lishnian. the manager and principal owner of a large 
cotton factory. The interest of the family was also 
an encouraging agency, the eldest daughter teaching 
in 'the In 1887, Miss Le Huray was 
appointed to this school, which became, in 1H90, the 
largest day-school in the mission. Here she was .some- 
times called on, in llie absence of the preacher, to bury 
the dead and perform other unusual duties. 

GfAN.xjr.ATo. — Early in the year 1885, Miss Lati- 
mer was .sent to open a school in Guanajuato, a hot, 
unhealtliy city, built in a ravine, with a river running 
througli it, over which many of the houses are built, 
and wliicli receives all the sewage of the city, and 
never has any water in it except when it rains. The 
work progressed astonishingly ; all the women of the 
Cluirch met in Miss Latimer's Hiblc class. In less 
than two years slie was compelled by failing health to 
abandon the work. Mrs. (Klliott) Wilson taught the 
following year, and was succeeded by Miss Anna 
Kodgers, who remained imtil her marriage, nearly two 
years later. Miss Ida B. Walton was sent out in 1890 
to take up the work laid down by kodgers. In 
1892, Miss Lillian Neiger, who had .seen several years' 
service with the Friends' .Society, was transferred to us, 
and sent in January to Guanajuato. The school num- 
bered sevenU'-i^even. A young girl from the Orphan- 
age was .sent to assist her, who kept up- most credit- 
ably under the disabilities arising from the departure 
of the teacher. Miss Neigej", in the of the year 


Mexico. 379 

1894, and the uncertainty of future location pending 
arrangements concerning new property. The mar- 
ried ladies here, as elsewhere, put the Society under 
obligation by their timely ajd in the absence of our 
own missionaries. Miss Neiger has married, hence 
will not return. In the summer of 1.S95, Miss Van 
Dorsten went to the relief of this work. 

Ti".Tni,A.— New work was started among the Aztecs 
in Tetcla in 1.S.S6, by Miss Hewett. vShc had thirty girls 
the first year, a number of whom were really young 
women. She also secured tlie attendance of a good 
proportion of the girls in - Many of 
these people had never even heard of a Bible. Some 
were forbidden by the priests to attend the school or 
church; but came in to the 'evening family prayers, 
or would listen llirough a partially open door to the 
religious service. The work grew from a small .school 
to a large one of nearly one hundred enrollment ; then 
to two. anil even three .schools. Miss Hewett lived 
here two years without the society of any missionary's 
famil> . or any ofie able to speak Knglish, and was .sev- 
eral days' ride on a pony's back from the nearest mis- 
sion station. She was re-enforced by Miss \'an Dorsten 
in iSgci; but her ])hysical condition demanded a com- 
plete rot in the homeland, and Miss Duumore went 
to Miss \'an Dorsten's assistance. In 1893, .seven girls 
were baptized. The school was left to the care of 
Mexican tcacliers that year, and the missionaries were 
transferred to other stations. 

Wry earU in the liistory of the nii.ssion, Hible 
women were employed under the supervision of the 
married ladies, and schools were oi)ened by native 

i »■ . ■ ■ 


teachers in Orizaba, Apizaco, Tezoiitepc-c, San Vin- 
ccnte, and Guanajuato, At this last iiaincd place Miss 
Swaney was sent in 1.S.S2, but was soon obliged to go 
to the relief of larger schools. The work always suf- 
fered here from the religious fanaticism of the people, 
and in 18.S4 the persecutions were unusually severe 
and determined. In 1XS5, Nfary Morris, a young lady 
of Ivnglish parentage, brought up in the Orphanage at 
Mexico (yity, taught this school. She was the first 
teacher sent out by the mission schools,' In Ayapanga, 
in iS.So, six j'oung Indian women were learning their 
A-B-C's in a little S(|uare room in an adobe-house-. 
Three years later there were thirty girls in the school, 
and one of the first six was in charge of the Primary 
Department. This'progre.'^was the more noticeable 
because in the midst of a bigoted Catholic region. In 
iHS.H, it attracted the atteiitiim of the Government. 

In 1S90, waw points ol opening were made under 
most favorable aus])ices. At I, a Cafuula the Govern- 
ment ofiered the building and furniture of the 
girls' school if the mission would supply the teacher.. 
In \X()i a similar request came from Xochiapuelo. 
At/.ala also asked for a Protestant girls' school ; a 
jtown, which, a few years ago. was baptized with the" 
blood of twenty-seven martyrs, and the little church 
almost exterminated. Oaxaca has asked for several 
successive years for a school. This is the State ol 
Juarez, the Liberator, and of Diaz, tlie present Pres- 

In 1,^95 tlie number in attenda"nce on our schools 
in Mexico was 1,137. 

Mrs, S, L, Keen, Corresponding Secretary of the 
Philadelphia Branch, visited Mexico in 1886, and was 

1[S»!^J(w?;'J'>!^^*''r^'?/^, ff^^^ ;*■ V, •^, 

Soi'TH AAfES/C.I. 3S1 

empowered by tlie Refereiu-c Committee ofTicialh to 
look after the work, and settle any emergency ques- 
tions tluit miijlit arise. 


SOl'TIl AMlCklCA. 

I')iij;lisli work rDimneiut'd in 1.S36— Spanish in 1S54- An- 
nual CunfiTcufe nr>;ani/t*»i iSy^ — W'lun.m's work c<»ni- 
niiMiCfd in 1S71. 

South America is constituted a mission field \>\ a 
perverted and corrupted form of the Christian faith, 
while in the heart of the Continent there still re 
mains the darkness of paganism, unilhiminated by a 
single ray of the UIkIiI of the world. 

RosAKK). — The i)ioueers of the Society in South 
America were Miss Lou H. Denning and Jennie 
M. Cha|)in, 'who enil>arke(l on the Hrazilian mail 
steamship, 01 rmi/r for Rqsario, some time in January, 
• i!S7-(, and reached liuenos Ayres the 12th of the fol- 
lowing March. A territic /xiinptni, blowing at the 
time, ihrealeneil to ingulf them in the angry billows 
ere they could gain a l.inding. After a week they 
continued their journex to Rosario. Here they found 
pioneer work to do; the breaking down of i)rejudice 
that often amounted to hatred toward Protestantism. 
oul\ a few years belore it was a crime 4o own a liiblt?*; 
presenting the truth so that it might be moreattrnctive 
than the errors of superstition, taught for centuries ; 
winning the coufidence of the ])eople by living ex- 
ample as well aiforecept. They found the weariness 
of ij()liiLl plodding could only be relieved by knowing 
that the Omnipotent Arm upon which they leaned 
was their strength. I'enseverence, patience, and prayer 
brouglil results, even beyond their fondest hopes. 



382 Woman's Forei<;.\ Missioitary Society. 

Durinj; tlie first few iiionths a pleasant home was 
found ill tlie family of Rev. T. H. Wood. Just one 
month after thtir arrival tliuy bf^an teacliinj; soiiie 
native boys Mr. Wood had taken into his home to 
educate and Christiani/.e. This j;a\e tlieni practice in 
tlie use of the language, while studying the theoret- 
ical part. During these months of jireparation an 
opportunity was given to look over the field, learn 
about the people, their customs, manner of living, 
and notably their spiritual blindness, supersitition, and 
frtolatry. The more they knew of the people and 
their houses, the more they felt they could not live 
alone or set up housekeepiui?/' But the Lord never 
requires the impossible. Aw less than a year after 
their arrival Provideuce'providcd a house adjoining 
.\Ir. Woods, and tlie\- found they could keep house, 
even uiuler tlie many disadv autages. After they were 
settled in their own hired house, they ojieiied a school 
for girls, and liad one little native girl, six years old, 
for their first ])upil : also Ivlsie Wood, now the rep- 
reAintative of the Woman's Society 'in Peru, and her 
sister Amy, who came for the iio\elty of the thing, 
as she was too young to know much about school 
duties. It was a small beginning; but the numbers 
increased week by week, and the missionaries thanked 
God, and took courage. The following year larger 
accommodations were needed, and as the school opened 
they thought if the number reached twenty it would 
be a success. Hut the Lord was giving them favor 
in the eyes of the people, and when the register 
showed ninety names, they could but exclaim, " Be- 
hold what the Lord hath wrought! " They were not 
confronted by open opposition, as a liberal spirit of 


■^fmf^-v^r<*^~"-'''-. '"^^ ■' ■ .' ■ ' i : j'iTfi"^'-' 

*■ Soimi AvERrcA. 3H3 

tolerance, I'spccially toward North Aiiiericaii'.. had 
been disserainatcd ainonj; tlie jjcople, largely due to 
the Administration of Don Domingo Sanniento as 
President of the Republic. While repre^eiitinK' his 
country at Washington, he studied tlu.' public-school 
system of the I'nited Stales. BeinK elected to the 
Presidency while yet in Washington, he resolved to 
take this system to his people, believing it to be the 
key to )ialional iirosjierity, Uut-he was confronted 
with the fact that none of his people would l>ut it 
into practice. As he was gifted with a strong, de 
termined will, he sent to the UnAjl States, broifght 
out teachers, and had schools organized according to 
his ideal system. These schools have been a con- 
spicuous factor in changing; the condition of society 
and in elevating the country intellectually; but the 
same s])iritnal ignorance chai*acteri/.es the 

While caste does not exist in Argentina as in In- 
dia, the children of the wealthy class, as a general 
rule, do not mingle with those of the working class. 
The common, or municipal school, was for tiie latter, 
and private schools for the former. Misse.s Denning 
and Chapin allowed no distinction, and seated the girl 
who paid tuition, studieil French, Ivnglish, and music, 
beside the one too poor to buy the books she needed. 
As the school grew, there, was less time for outside 
work, tract distribution. Scripture reading, and so forth, 
from to house. Hom<; cares were increased by 
da)' boarders and or])hans being added to the inmates. 
Prayer-nuelin;;s for the girls ; working in the I'jijclisli 
and Spanish Sunday-schodls ; doing the work of 
keeper, seamstress for the orphans ; teaching ; super- 
intending vSunday-school, with all Wiat belongs to the 


3«4 IVo.u. IN 's *FoKEf(.N Mission, t/iy Sot ietv. 

several departments, left not many uHe moments. In 
AuKust. iHSo, relief was furnished by Mrs. Iv J. 
ClenioMS, and one week after lier arrival these two 
inissionariis started for home, broken down iu liealth 
to such a dejjree that many tlioujjht they Would find 
an ocean grave. 

Miss Julia Iv (ioodenough was sent out immedi- 
ately to strengthen the work, and Mrs. I.,. M. Turney 
to act as matron. Mrs. Clemens fell obliged to leave 
the work on account of the state of her healtli, June 
Id, i.sHj, and Denning and Chapin retufjied 
the following l"el)ruary, after a rest of two years. 
'Die deranj,'ement of the whole work made the task 
oTTWiiging back system and order no easy one ; but, 
with p.Uience and perseverance, lliey succeeded in 
regaining some of the lost ground. As an evidence 
of loyalty and loving .service. Miss Denning at one 
time declined Si 50 per month from the President of 
the Hoard of l^ducatioii for the prnvince, who had 
visited the school, if she would go into •'■overiinient 

While at home, a pressure was brought to bear on 
the (/cneral l^xeculive Committee to provide a Home 
if the work to be continued. Rented houses are 
b:)th ex])ensive and un.satisfactory. Provision was 
made for the purchase of property, and much time 
spent in looking about. A and lot was finally 
secured for the school, and a Home was l)uilt on the 
adjoining lot that would accommodate boarders and 
orphans. March 15, iHS4,they took uj) their residence 
in the new quarters, tired, but happy to have a per- 
manent abiding-place. The cost ofthe property was 
;^l i,iX)o in .I'nited States gold. Some changes were 




afterwards tuiulc, l)riii};inj; it up to $i6,ik«); hut the 
increased valuation is coiisiderahle more than the en- 
tire cost. Tlie institution was conducted after tlic 
Mt. Holyoke plan. It soon hecainc necessary to limit 
the number of applicants, and many had to he turned 
away. In issd, another .school was opened in a differ- 
cnl part of the city. The two schools for years had an 
animal attendance' of two hundred and fifty to three 
hundred jfirls, representing all classes of society, from, 
the ramlio to the palace. In is.s.s, Mi.s.s'^*M<iry \\. 
Bo wen was added to the corps of teachers. In iScjo, 
these conscientious workers, as they were ohlijjed to 
admit their strength was insuflicient for the work, 
though they would gladly have given a life-service to 
it, fell it were better t(.> give place to those who were 
stronger. .Muiost alone, as representatives of the 
Methodist ICpiscopal Church, two had main- 
tained in Rosario the standard of pure religion duriiy; 
considerable periods in sixteen years. When they 
resigned, the Society had property worth ;S25,o<k) ; 
had two day-schools, two Sunday schools, a Spanish \ 
preaching-service and pra\er-nieeting. A large num- 
ber of trained in the Home vVere teachers in 
evangelical .schools. Miss I'llsie Wood was appointed 
to the charge of the work, but removed, in i.Syi, 
with her faniil\ to Peru, when Miss Mary F. Swa- 
ney, who had had experience in the Mexican mis- 
sion, was sent out. Her arrival and canj-rtif the 
boarding and day schools has been very adrantaji-'ous. 
This, together with the efficient aid given in the Hcmie 
by Di.sosway, brought great improvement^ln the 
general state of the work. Miss Di.sosway was God's 
gift to tli^nission in a time of great need. In July, 


386 WouAi/s Foreign AfissroyAKV SociBTr. 

iMy2, lie took lier to liiinsclf, and MissSwaiiey s cares 
and ris]>onsil)ilitics were correspondinjjly increased, 
since they had been shared as by a fuU mftsionary. 
For three years now Miss Swaney has been doing 
this work alone, without the aid of any one from tlie 
home laiiil. Catliolic leacliers are never enijiloyed in 
the schools in South America. 

MoNTiiviDiH). — In 1S7H an excellent opening was 
found in Montevideo, and the services secured of Miss 
Cecilia (luelplii, an Argentine by birth, whose talents 
were of a high order, and whose services were in de- 
mand for nearly twice what the Society could pay her. 
She readily spoke, wrote, or sung in Spanish, Italian, 
and French, The school was opened with forty chil- 
dren. Over the door a sign was placed, /•Ismala /ivaii- 
fliliai f-ara ^eiioiiliis (Kvangelical School for Young 
Ladies). At first she had to struggle against ridicule, 
contempt, and even persecution; but tiod,wiiose instru- 
ment she was, gave her grace and strength for her day. 
She founded and developed a school system admitting 
puiiils by the payment of fifty cents, although she re- 
ceived not able to contribute that amount. This 
course benefited the laboring class without pauper- 
izing them, I'"or the first year only eight dollars was 
received ; but in eight years from then, the receipts 
were $1,124. i,V From the first she had a normal 
class for training future workers, she taught 
out of regular school hours, upon a thorough, system- 
atic course, and had them Government examina- 
tions, thus taking rank with other teachers of the .same 
grade. (lospel hymns were sung in all her seven 
schools, the Bible was much read, and day by day her 

, ^y '".'ff^npfr^''' ■ V;Mt>T^.CAW'*''T»w.i."''^^ 

South Airs/f/CA. ,-587 

little ;irmy of over five liinidred pupils saiij; the );o.s- 
pe\ ill many a poor lionic. She was j-reatly belovetl 
, by all. In 1886, after eisht years of remarkable serv- 
ice, Miss (".UL'lphi was summoned to her reward. For 
two years the .schools reinaiiu-d under the supervision 
of her brother, Rev. Antonio C.ueliihi. In the larger 
numl)er of the school-roDms, Sunday-schools were 
held, and in many, and prayer- 
meetinjjs were establislied. One evidence of the pub- 
lic interest awakened by schools came in a dona- 
tion of land, which it was tbounht would become val- 
uable and afford a bnildinjj-site ^« the future for a 
chapel or a school. 

In i88y, Miss Minnie Z. Hyde was appointed to 
this work, and Miss Howen was sent down from Ro- 
.sario. where she had been two years, to a.ssist her. In 
1892, the entire management of the other six schools 
(they had only had the central* passed into their 
hands. They orf;ani/.ed this central or high schc >1 
anil five i)rimaries. The diHiculty in grading was 
with the native teachers, who objected to text-books-- 
The Bible-clas,ses were also graded, and given written 
examinations. No one objected to taking the Bible 
as a study. A flourisliing Sunday-.scht)ol was held in 
^the Home, with an attendance of sixty-three — the 
largest Spanish Sunday-school in the city. On Chil- 
dren's-day, eleven young people, between the ages of 
eight and sixteen years, joined the Church on proba- 
tion, and a probationers' class was formed for Sunday 
afternoons. as are the children to study and 
discipline, with their inherited slothfulness, it made 
the task of organizing a perplexing and discouraging 
one. But obstacles were bvercome, unfavorable criti- 


• 'i™n??fyy^-?^'^»«>'w^^yiT^^^ 

388 Wpma:v's Foreign Af/ss/oyA/tr Sac/sry. 

cisni was chaiiKed to approval, and tlie way niadt- clear 
for llic growth aiul prospcril> of tin- work. luiglisli^ 
was added as a rei|iiirciiioiit ; a professor from the 
National University was secured to teacli l'"reiicli. A 
music teacher, a jirofessor in niatlieniatics, with other 
teachers, gave them t|nite a faculty and a fine .standing 
as a scliool of higli grade, commanding first class pat- 
ronage. A new building was furnished in iHi)v cost- 
ing nearly Sjo.oiio in gold, aiul .Miss Hyde, very much 
broken in health, retired from the work. On New- 
Year's day, 1.S94, she married I'rofe.ssor Daniel T. 
Wilson, and resides in Michigan. 

Reeuforcements were found in Miss Li/zie Hewett, 
of the Mexican Mission, and Rebecca J. Ham- 
mond. The day schools were reorgaTii/.ed into a large 
.school for boys under Brother C.uelphi, and the other 
for girls in care of Miss Hewett, and the results .seemed 
fully to ju>tifv^ie change. I'iarly in 1S94, circum- 
stances (icprtfred which led to the transfer of Miss 
Hammond to Asuncion. This left Miss Hewett with 
i^iicli work, heavy cares, and great responsibilities, 
and in 1 ,Si)s she became critically ill, l)Ut reinaincd on 
the field. During the summer. Miss Klizabeth S. 
Downing was sent out. 

BuKNos AvKKS.— In 1HS3, Miss Julia F,. Good- 
enough left Rosario, and went to Buenos Ayres, under 
the most urgent ai)pcal from the authorities of the 
Chun h. to lake charge of the girls' department, in 
the Ragged Scliool, of about eighty pupils. It was 
conducted in the " Five Points" of the mission, and at- 
tended by the children of the ]>oor who live along the 
river front. The support was shared by tlie General 

''eytr^mr^^:^:':^ -^ } y ,•■ ''^^^ 

South America. 389 

Society, tlie Woman's Society, and private conlribii- 
tioMS. The school ^rcw most satisfactorily, anil was 
felt as on ^vanKclizing agency in the city, with its 
woman's meeting, sewing school, <?lass and gospel 
meeting, and an English prayer-meeting. In i«86, 
after six years of .service, tioodenongh married 
I'rofes.sor Hud.son, of the Government schools. In 
1888 a was opened, and in 18S9 Miss 
Kleanor I,e Hnray, of the Mexican Mi.-^sion, was trans- 
ferred here, and undertook, in addition to other du- 
ties, a training school for teachers, where she had 
twenty-five pupils, and four assistant teachers. She 
also successfully addre.s.sed herself to the advancement 
of the grade of the central department of her .school. 
A new for primary grades was opened 
without expense to the .Society. In iScj^ there were 
sixty-five pupils in the boarding-school, not only self- 
supporting, but with part interest in the Ragged 
Sch(X)l, where two hundred and fifty little waifs Irom 
the of the i)Oorer districts were taught, 
a creditable enter])rise of the evangelical mission in a 
Catholic country. The boarding-school girls were of 
many nationalities, but the language of the country 
was used, and Spanish customs followed in all matters 
of minor importance.' The Bible was studied torty 
minutes each day, and Church service and Sunday- 
school, and weekly-prayer-meetings were faithfully at- 
tended. At the time of Bishop Newman's official 
visit in i8v3, i' grand Sunday-school rally was held of 
the Sfianish ])eople in the Methodist -Mission, where 
over twelve hundred children were present from the 
kSiMida\ schools of Buenos Ayres alone. Mrs. New- 
man organized a Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 

390 Woman's FoKEiGN Missionary SociETv. 

ciety, whicli, aildcil to tlmt of the recenllyformed 
Kpworlh I<ea)»iif, cM|uippc(l iht-m with socielifs. Miss 
!•;. Tliiiuipson rcciivf<l tier appointinent liere in 1S93, 
and in 1X94 a new scliool-buildinK, witli capacity for 
two hundred and fifty children, was built, and fur- 
niture supplied from New York. 

Pkku. -The beginning of a system of schools des- 
tined to become of vast importance, was made in 
Callao, Peru, by Miss Klsie Wood, September 15, 1H91, 
assisted by her sister Amy, about two weeks after her 
arrival from Huenos Ayrcs. This was the first evan- 
gelical school in that territory, half as large as the 
I'liited States. In two weeks there were twenty 
children present, made up from StTior Peu/.otti's con- 
gregationT>rhe need .seemed too great to wait for 
home instrucUHns, and so a few benches were bought, 
some settees fr(>nw the church borrowed, Wood 
i/u in .some map.s^ globe, and a small bl.ackboard, 
/he people in whose liauise the schoolroom was located 
(loaned a table, two cNairs, and a water-bottle and 
Vla.sses ; and thus e<|uipped, without previous adver- 
qsing, the work was launched. The children were 
fr\n five to eighteen \ears of age, of all colors — 
Spanish, Peruvian, Indian.. Negro, and even Chinese 
Peruvian. A small tuition fee was cliarged. They 
closed for their suuimer vacation, December 15th, with 
thirty-four scholars. On January 4, i.S()2, School No. 
2. the Callao High .School was started, in which Kng- 
lish as well as Spanish islaught. This school is fteld 
in the best school rfeom in the city, and is connected 
with the boys' school. These rooms, with go( 
courts or play-ground, belong to the commit'ee in 


■ '''njtfmhfw'y^'rr^' '^f':f~^ ' ■ \';\ , i^f^f^^^'i^^r'^xw^^J^^ 

Africa. ^91 

cliarge of >lie English Protestant Churcli, wliicli has 
been for years without a pastorJ They c-aiiK- very 
providentially into the hands of our missionaries, with 
the furniture, maps, seats, and desks. During the 
year forty one girls were registered. These girls are 
older and more advanced than those of any other 
school ill Callao. The first .school was placed in the 
hands of a former pupil. A third school was opened 
in 189^, with a young Peruvian woman, one of the 
converts, as teacher. The number of schools had in 
creased in 1.H95 to eight. " These are all evangelical 
agencies, with the Scriptures in the hands df the 
scholars, and gospel hymns in their months, tending 
as directly and powcrfulVrffl^Ujp to put 
the gospel into their hearti, and vastly more than the 
Sunday school to .shape theJr lives," In a land where 
public preaching ^ forbidden by law, the .school be- 
comes disproportionately important to our work. 
Miss lilizabeth S. Goodiii wa^ .sent out in i.S(;<iby the 
Des Moines Branch. 

Asrs'CioN. — As has been stated cImwIktc, Miss 
Rebecca J, Hammond was transferred from Monte- 
video to Asuiii ion, in Paraguay in 1.S94, and reported, 
before a year was closed, between .thirty and forty 


Coiiiincmtil in 1K33— f)r>;.i.nizeil ns a Confireiioe in rS(6. 

In 1.^74 the Woman's Foreign Missinnary .Society 
belicvt il lliat the time had come when it mi^^lil und 
ought to enter Africa, and uiidert(»ok the sui)jiort 
of a native teacher in Uassa. Correspondence was 



opened up with the Secretary "f the Liberia C«mfer- 
tiicc, Brother Depiitit, as to tlie further needs of the 
work there. He urned the necessity of "a female 
missionary and teacher lieinn sent either to Monrovia 
or Mount of Olives," naming. his preference for the 
latter place. In 1S77 he wrote, " The Tarinl Hoard 
ina«le a failure, in the early (la> s, 1)\ not K'-'lt'"K K'"'''' 
and training thcni in a country like this wliere polyg- 
amy is practiced to .such a fearful extent;" i'iting, as 
a rea.son, " keeping tlie young native Christian men 
from marrying heathin wives liy furnishing them with 
trained Cliristian young women." There is a greaft 
demand for training institutions to qualify teachers 
for the native work. 

After advising with Hisliop (lilhert Haven and 
Rev. J. T. Oracey on tlicir return from Africa, it was 
decided that the "idv .satisfactory way wo\dd he to 
send a woman from this country who should be able 
to ]>lau and carry on the work. Accordingly the 
Executive Committee at Miuneaiiolis, in 187H made 
an ajjpropriation of $i,sik) to be used as opportunity 
offered. No use was made of it that year, but the 
next was more eucouraging. ICarly in 1H79 the Gen- 
eral Missionary Society sent out Mary Sharp, and 
as lier work was tlie legitimate work of the Woman's 
Society, lur support was taken 1>\ it soon after her 
arrival in Monrovia. Miss Sharp was for many years 
previously engaged in mission work among the freed- 
nien of John's Island. On reaching Africa, she 
luidertook work among the Kroos in one of the sub- 
urlis of Monrovia. With the hel]) of the natives, she 
put u]> an inexpensive bamboo building iiir a cliapel 
and school-house, which was burned down in 18S2, 


Al-KIC.\. 393 

when the Socii'ty liirni>liv(l to lmil<l <m •• 
lar^;er scale. She- urole in iSHi : ' Tlieri- is nut a 
unirortu attendance at onr scli(H>lliiinsc in Kriii>to\vn. 
If it is u KO<>d lisliinK (lay, at least half arc enganiil in 
fishiiiK or selling fish. If they sncceed in selling the 
fish in H'«"l --tMson. they come to scIkkiI. W-ytown is 
across tlu- month of Stockton Creek, <|nite a lar^e 
stream. There are Kroos there, and ten hoys from 
there come to see me at the seminary. Sometimes 
they run in and drop their string of fish down, read a 
lesson, and are off. They come in <5?lnoes ; yesterday 
there were eight, to day only two. I have four with 
nil- for whom I proviile." Miss Shar|), helicving 
that missionaries lingered too long on the I.iherian 
coast, an<l that it was time the\ went ont among the 
heathen, whose moral degradation called loudly for 
help, took a trip up the Niger to ascertain the jw.ssi- 
bilit\ of reaching the natives in the interior through 
the agency of that stream. 

After traveling some distance she selected a site 
as a ba.suof oiurations. In describing the natives as 
she fonml thini, she wrote; " Polygamy is common; 
human sacrifices are offered, especially on the death 
of a leading man; in every town the slaves outnum- 
ber the free pcni)le, and cannibalism is practiced. 
I)ee]), dark, overshadowing night, a night of death, 
moral and mental, covers this lost Contini-nt. O, 
the labor, the money, the lives that will have to be 
given before Africa is redeemed ! Yet the earth (and 
Africa is jiart of the earth) is to be full of "the knowl- 
edge of Cod." In some places they were asking for 
teachers and jjreachers. .\t Opolo, at the head of 
the Brass Kiver, one of the mouths of the Niger, the 


king offered to build a church, but lie wauted white 
missionaries. Sharp traveled amid much duiiKer, .sDUie- 
times steeping in low. marshy places, near the deadly 
nian);o swamps, but enjoyed good health. On one 
of her tours she entered a town where, a few years 
before, the rankest c.iiinibalism prevailed, the natives 
often carrying human flcsli around in baskets for sale. 
Through missionary induencc a wonderful change 
had been wrought. She says: "A converted native 
at Old Calabar Mission prayed that Ood's goixlncss 
and mercy might cover nie around and around. It 
has been ever so. Were I a little more ethereal I 
think I might have discovered the white tents of the 
encamping angels; lor you know 'The Angel of the 
Lord encanipelh,' etc." 

In i.HH;;, at the Oeneral ICxecutive Committee 
meeting in Ues Moines, the following action was 
taken ; "The Parent Society has uo white missionary 
at present in Africa, and its work has been greatly less- 
ened in th;it country. The Woman's Society has been 
represented there the last four years by Mary Sharp, 
who has frei|uently expres,sed great dissatisfaction 
with the Society, which has paid her the full anumnt 
of her .salary uj) to November 30, iMSj. Her work 
has been eliiefly among the Kroo boys, who are of a 
race hitherto inaccessible, and of such unsettled and 
wandering jiroclivities that a permanent e.stablish- 
ment among them has been impossible. The Parent 
Society, having withdrawn its approval of Miss Sharp 
as a missionary of the Woman's Society, after con- 
sultation with the ISishop and ijiissionary authorities 
of the Church, she has been recalled. 

Afkica. 395 

"The Woman's Sixicty still holds itself in readi- 
ness to follow whenever the Parent ScK'iety shall aKain 
enter or extend its operations in Africa, and prays for 
the time when, with suitable and effKient workers, it 
may do something for the evaugelization of that dark 
and difficult field." 

Miss Ivmma Miciiknkm. 

In the fall of i.Syg, Miss Ivnilna Michener, of Phil- 
adelphia, called upon the Branch Secretary, Mrs. 
Keen, to talk about her desire to ^o as a missionary 
to Africa. Mrs. Keen presented to her other fields, 
with their pressing needs, told her of the deadly 
climate, and overflowing graveyards of Afric.i, but 
she answered, " I believe the Lord calls me to go to 
Africa; I go because it is most degraded, and needs 
me most." This was the safwe spirit of consecration 
that led her, as a successful teacher, to resign her 
position, and for two years teach in a .school for col- 
ored children. She also .said : " If my death in Africa 
is worth more to Him than my work, I am His to do 
His will." She was accepted as a missionary for 
Africa. Her life had been full of good works. She 
had assisted the home missionary among the emi- 
grants ; was not only zealous but efficient in visiting, 
teaching, and in persuading men to give up drinking 
and attend religions services. She taught a class of 
twenty boys in the mission, and led 
the children's meeting in the Church on Saturday 
afternoons, dreat hopes were centered in her for 
u.Hefuluess in her newlycho.sen field. On her way 
out she had a narrow escape frlim^ fatal shipwreck ofT 
the coast of Wales, when the Molilalia went, on 


Hie rocks (luring the night of March 13, iSNo. While 
in the loiking, open boat, in tile dnrknexs, she NnvM 
this tlioiight eatne into her mind: "I thonght Ciod 
had called me to go to Africa; but if He wants me 
to go u]) from a watery bed to night, nil is well." 
She reached Monrovia in April, iHHo, and commenced 
teaching. Soon there canie a call for a teacher to go 
to Hassa, eighty miles farther down the coast; she re- 
sponded, and in June opened n school for girls in the 
Methodist cluirchbitilding. This grew rapidly in 
numbers; but in a month or two ilic diimite began to 
alTcct her health, and she became very ill of African 
fever ; then followed many weary months of extreme 
illness. In November, a woman employed by the 
Baptist Missionary Society, Mrs. \'onbrnnn, heard of 
her suffitiiig. and had her removed to her, 
-some nine miles up the St. John River. She was now 
in the hands of an experienced nurse and a kind 
friend, and, under C.iHl'sVjlessing, she seented to re- 
cover her health. In all her moments of conscious 
rea.son her faith never wavered that she woidd yet 
be ])erniitted to do some work for God in Africa, In 
writing of her illness, she .says: •' How precious the 
blessed I.ord was to me in my hours of loneliness, 
and how sweetly I was enabled to rest my all on Him ! 
thanks be unto His holy name !" During her con- 
valescence she was repeatedly urged to return home ; 
but to every suggestion she turned a deaf ear, and, 
after a short visit to Monrovia, returned to Ka.ssa, and 
commenced teaching again in April, t.SSi. She be- 
lieved Ciod wanted her to go right out amontj^the na- 
tives, howe\er, anil h.iving obtained a grant .of one 
hundred acres of unoccupieJ land in any spot in Li- 

-¥^ •. ' ^rfj^ X'jffvyTTtf 'T*pT?^'^"rT;;yn^'^'^|j 

Akkica. 397 

biTiii >lii' iiiiKlit sck'it for a mission, July i.'tli. with 
iKvernl native tioys, slie left for the interior. There 
were no vehicles for travel, and no ro.uls for them : 
rivers to crons, and no bridges. All overland travel in 
done in lianimockH. Imagine this hrave^irl swntiK in a 
hammock, carried by mule sava){e> through dense for- 
ests and thick jnngles, or snpported on their heads as 
they wade waist deep across lar^e rivers ; twelve miles 
from even a civilized Neuro, and fif\y miles tiom the 
oidy two other white persons in Monrovia, rinht' out 
antonK the natives, and everywhere, il not too much 
afraid, they would run out of their settlements to see 
the strange white woman tliat had come from far over 
the bi^; water to teach \\\in\ (loil palavir. When the 
desired location was found -a lii^h hill, well wooiled, 
with a running stream of water —she sat down amid 
the vast panorama of beauty and cried, " Mnreka !" 
and, while tears of joy streamed down her cheeks, 
sanjj, " I'raise (Vod, from whom all blessing"' flow," 
and s.iid she believed her heart woidil almost burst for 
joy the day when the scliiiol bell ran); out on that hill, 
and re-echoed throu^jh those forests. ^ 

In October she wrote: "I have a .school number- 
it\g forty-two children. Six of them are boarders, and 
many of the girls are natives. A few days ,\f,ii one of 
them was converted, and this morning; led in prayer. 
Two others ;Tre serious. I have made considerable 
proxres-i in the B.i.ssii laiiKuage, and my work has at- 
tracted attention from .some of the most inllnential 
men of the ueinhborliood. They are so pleased with 
my resolution to remain, notwithstanding all 1 have 
suffered, that they assure me they will do all in their 
power to assist in my missionary qperations. They 

.^9" Woman 's FonEiaN Missionary Socikty. 

have agreed tu put mc up n buiUIiiiK without nny itmt 
to the S<)cii-ty at home, wliich will Ik- ready for oc 
cupaiicy l>y January i, i.'<h.> " 

MisH Michener wan taken Huddenly ill on an Knglish 
steamer jjoing from Hassn to Monrovia, ami died l)e- 
ceniher io, i.SKi Her remains were taken to Mon 
rovia, an<l buried in the little cemetery beside those of 
Melville H. Cox 

Mrs. Amanda Smith visited her tfrave when in 
Africa, and .says: "A very pretty little bush seems to 
have volunteered to mark the spot ; and just where 
her mother would have planted a rose on the breast, a , 
beautiful vuic. somethiuK like our trailing arbutus, 
has spread out its branches, which forms almost a star, 
and at the foot is a bunch of ferns." In 1SH2 the 
I'liiladelphia Hraiuli solicited, within its territory, sir-. 
cial offering's tor the purchase, transportation, and 
erection of a suitable stone to coinnieiuorale her de- 
votion and sacrifice, an<l mark her resting place. 
.Xpril !<;, i«S4, Rev. David A. Day wrote: 'The stone 
and fence have been placed in position. I have not 
seen the work since it was completed, but the Amer- 
ican minister at Monrovia tells nie that it is well 
dune. I went down and en),'atjed the workers, made 
arranjjenieiits for carrying it to the cemetery, etc." 

What shall we do for Africa.' is the great problem. 


Chaptkr XIV. 


IN IcNjkiiiK IkkU (iviT the yvnr>. what iiifiimrics rist 
ainoitK thi' hoiiif woikiTsI Mrs. J. T. (Irucey 
siiyn: "Thost- xvlio. in the early >e:irs, liiokcd on with 
halfiiniiiM'd ciintt'in|ilatiuii of woman's orKnni/inK 
.111(1 .l(llllilli^trati^■l• skill, have i oine t<i reali/e the 
liii-iiuss eiiteri>rise. literar> aliility, and far-reaillilij; 
jilans (if this Sdcietx ." Mrs. Iv T. Cowen remembers 
'■ the dmihts expressed liy some and open opposition 
by olliirs; the sneers that cnt a sensitive woman like 
a lash; the toucliinK pictures drawn of home duties 
ne>;leeteil; the Church doors elosed to us!" She 
reuiemhers also hriKhter pictures; "True l>rotherly 
support from otliers; friends where friends were 
needed, aieess to the ear of One whose right arm 
never faileth." Surely the dark days ended gloriously. 
"What a stiMN , full of pathos and humor, " says 
Mrs !•; J. Kiiowles. " minht lie written of tluise early 
e\pirieiKes in orjjauizinK Auxiliaries in the days 
win II It a hrave. if n'ot n 'bold' thinj; for a 
woiimi to lift up her voice so that it could he heard 
in pulilic'' Then, referring to the farewell nieeliiiKs 
of llirilliii),' interest in the autumn of i87f>, held for 
"our first \iry own missionary, Miss Fannie J. 
Sp-irkes," in New York, Brooklyn, and Newark, she 
.idds ' What times were these' All our hearts went 
willi our missionaries then; for the nundier was few, 
the «,iy w;is lonjj. and the work in its uncertain 




licKiiiniiigH. Now, 'many run tn unci lin.' ami \vc 
arc in ilanKcr of furKt-ttinK tlint tlity ntol us nnuli 
lis eviT <mr synipiitliy and jirayi-rs. " 

In llie iM^innitiK ol tliis tuodi'rn missionary movi- 
nii-nt anmnn wnnKii tlitii- .wiTc " iipiHistrs " in tin- 
Wist, US well att in tlif nmrc iiinsi-rxativf Jvast; 
iiml then- were ministi-rs ami laynit-n in llic Cliurch 
wIkj siiid "I,ct yinir wonun ki-ip siUnce in the 
ilinrilics.' Mrs. M.J SliilUy. i>t ilii Tii|irUa Hiamli. 
reiiiinits siinu- intiristinn inii'iints. "At <>nt tinif," 
silt -.avs. ■■|)tiansi' of llic diflicullics in tin.- way of 
rei)ri'sintinK Dur work t" tin- wAiniMi i>f liii- Chnrclies, 
we asked for a da> al i-anip nicitiiin. 'nil wire refused. 
We. were olTered a day alter tlu- nieetinK closed, on 
IVMi conditions ; first, we niiist pay the police force, 
« liii li was deemed iiecessar\ lor our .safety: and, 
seciptid. we iiiust take 110 coll(,'elioii on the camp 
uroiiiid. We were jierplexed to kli.iw whether we 
oiinht to accent these terms, hecaiise we had no 
IuihU; .111(1 we planned to meet all expenses by 
colUctioiis .M'ter much prajer and thought we 
.iccepted the conditions, believiiin dod would in 
soiiii- way help ns in this extremity. 

".\ccordin>;ly, we made all necessary preparations; 
lull when the ilieetiiin closed, almost every tent- 
holder had left the >;roiinds. ^*he wi\es of some o( 
them would have remained: hut their hushands said 
they had been there so many <lays already, they vonld 
stay no loii^;er. Others declared they did not care 
about stayiii>{ to a iiciiuin's forei^^n missionary meet' 
iiiK. After consultation, we couthided to trust our 
(lod for protection throUKh the ni>{bt, to save expense 
by dismissing the police, and ring the bell ourselves. 

:'fw^"'irp|ip^*7?5«^^?T "^ '^'''^^^*' 


Rkminisckncks. 401 

" The (lay (UwiiccI fuir mid hfuiitil'til, and wi- were 
up corly for <>ur tiinriiiiiK priivi-r nii't'tiiiK- We rcnl- 
iccd at our first ^athcritiK we were not alone; God 
wnH with (iH, Some of tin- officers of tfie Cam|) iiieet- 
iiiK AKsociatioii remained with w*. uiid at our nine 
o'eh>ck missionary love feast tliey l>ecanie so inter- 
ested tliat they cnme to tis aiiA said : ' We have con- 
cludtd that the Woman't I-'orei^n Missir>nnry Sm-iety 
is not detrimental to the promotion of holiiu'ss, and, 
if you ilesinywv will K've you a day next year during 
oiir meeting.' Before the eleven o'elock scrvicv was 
roiK'liKled we Were waited upon aKuin, and told that 
we min'il take a eollection at the elost of the service." 
* "An itiiieratiuK experience is also niven, of which 
Mrs, Shelley was a part? On a cold day in Nowni- 
bcr a carriage mi){lit have hcen' seen moving slowly, 
because of the inuil and rain, over the Hrownville jind 
Tecuinseh road, a distance of thirty five miles, in Ne- 
braska. The horses had t)een made life nienilicrs of 
the Woman's I'oreiKn Missionary Society, an(^ afler- 
wanls spent years in making such journeys. The 
occupants of the carriage were a driver and two very' 
diminutive ladles, so completely enveloped in wrap- 
pings as to be scarcely recognizable by even intimate 
friends. That you may know who these xvomeii are, 
we clip from a local column this notice: 'Mrs. Nind 
and Mrs, Prescott, two traveling missionaries for the 
Methodist Ivpiscopal Church, gave us two entertain- 
ments this week.' .Fortunately, the informant did 
not .stoj) here and leave us in d(mbt as to the nature 
of the entLrlainment, but adds: 'in the way of a 
sermon from each.' This is all the people seemed to 
know about them, "fhey knew not whence they 


caiuf nor whithrr Ihcy wfiit ; that tlicy wert- ' travcl- 
iiiK inis»ioniirii-s' tlicir tnivi'l ntniiied KiiniifiitH wi-rc 
CDiiclusivc i-vi»li-iK-f. 

" The lii-avv riiiii.s wliitli liait fallen rendered 
ItravcliuK vrry dilTu'iilt ; yet ?ttt-adily itn and (in went 
[our 'traw'linK inissinnarifs,' iiittnt ui«)ii n'!|('liinK 
tlivir ili'stination Itefori' iiiKlitfall. If yon hail liccn 
near you niiKht havi- hi-ard sniitclics of houj; or 
rippli'.s of taiixhttT. Darki'u'.ss (.aiiu- on, and they 
wiTe still "tcveral miles from tho plaic where ^yy 
had ho|K-d ■ to spend the iiiKht. Fearing if Ificy 
traveli'<l after it was dark thi'V mi^jht lose their way 
on tlu'M' wide prairies in the chilly ni>;lit, they 
(U't'idi-d it was l>est tii find, if poNsihle, an immediate 
rcliiKi-. Ac-i-orilinKly, they drew up at a tiny, low- 
ruofed farmhouse. A pleasant old gentleman an- 
swered to their call, and in reply to their rei|uest to 
remain all ninht, said he was sorry it would not l»e 
rouvenietit; hut as his house was very suiall, and 
he already had fourteen persons to keep, they luul 
iK'tter K" •>" t" the next hoi^se, and if not permitted 
to remain there, they i<iuld return, and he would 
endeavor to make room for them. 

"It was now <|uite dark, and the horses were 
almost utunanageahle, yet they reached the next 
house, only to find that a rest here was impossihle. 
There Vas no alternative nowiliut to retnrn to the 
little farm house, where the hospitahle old Ketitlemau 
reieive<l thein himself. The small room now seemed 
literally packed. After some conversation with these 
people the 'traveling mis.sionaries' gave orders for aij 
early breakfast; and, the next day being- the Sahhath, 
they ifl|id their liill that night, while the good man 

^^^infwn!^Wc^fryvwpT'^r"'^r H'sjr 

nni<l : ' ScfiiiK y<m are Koinx iit)oiit iloing k'knI, the 
l•hnr((t•^t will 1k' \n\l oiii- iliilliir tut vnurHclvis, your 
(IriviT, lilid yoiir iior->fs.' Tlu y wutv shown in which 
ciiriur of till- r(Miin tliey niiuhl |iri-|>iiri- tlirir IkmI, 
inul »ii|>|>crli'>s, .iltcT thejr fonK riilf, llu' two inission- 
nrlc!», and your luinililv wrvaiit, the <lrivcr, Iny <l<^wii 
to ri'Mt Tl(i-rc was Imt otu' lilaiikct Ix-twct'ii tlu'iii 
inul llif iMuiir|iclf«| flour, and tlu-y pii-ci-d to)4i-thiT 
shawU and wraps ror a fovrrjn>{. 

"Thi-y arow I'arlv. Iml litik- ri'Treshi'd, and niaik- 
prcparntioHH for hri-ukfast. This meal consisted of a 
Clip of ten, some j^ood dread, and a dish of jx)rk 
swimming iji Krease. \**iir missionaries, niifortu- 
nateU , did not eat porh nor drink tea, hnt tl^'y had 
Hood liread and water left. They Hjoked at the tt^le, 
at each other, and at the tal>le a^ain. One who had 
re|>roved the driver the nivfhl licfore, hv Jjravely lay- 
ing, as^liey lay on the l>are TloorT 'TJlie Son of man 
had not wliere to lay his head,' was now nlterly at a 
loss. The driver might luave rejoined by saying : 
■And into \vlialsoe\;cr city ye enter, and they receive 
von, eat such "tjiinns as are set before you.' 

"Hut it w^rs' little Wonder the Secretiffj- was dis- 
turbed when she thought of the fjong ride before 
tliem. and the little hope for more anijile refreshment. 
The driver had made many such journeys l^jL-fore, 
and understood Hiat the hostess had placed Iwffore 
them the best Wu had; but the Secretary did not 
fully realize this fact, and asked demurely, 'Can I 
have some butter?' 'I have no bu\^er,' was the host- 
ess's meek reply. With a .still more hopeless expres- 
.sion, the Secretary asked again, ' Can I have some 
milk?' The milk was brought, and the Secretary 

404 Woman's Foreign Missionary SociBTr. 

happily fiuished her breakfast with good bread and 
milk. We believe that He who said, ' Whosoever 
shall give you a cup of water," noted the kindness of 
that hostess, and she will find her reward. 

" Breakfast over, the three set oift on their journey; 
and after a weari.somQ ride of fifteen "miles, over the 
bluffs along the Mi.s,soHri River, they reached Peru. 
The u^iple were just Koing to church where these 
'traveling niission*ies' were engaged to give another 
'entertainment' at eleven o'clock. There was scant 
time to wipe the mud from their faces and it 
from their clothing before they start for Jhe 
church. They found the Methodist church in this 
unfamiliar city only after many wandering;*! and 
much fear lest some other denomination might re- 
ceive tl^ benefit of their 'entertainment.' 

"Those days of har(J.shii>s and |)rivations are past; 
.still in the prosecutioji of the work there came expe- ' 
rience.S that made one mi.ssionary .say, soon after his 
return from India: 'Ladies, it is easier to be spit 
upon from the bazars of India than to contend with 
the obstacles which oppose you.' " 

Mrs. C. F. Wilder has used sonit of these "experi- 
ences " in making a chapter read .stranger than fiction. 
She imiiersonates an itinerant: 

"My Blessed Friend: I have not forgotten youC*!^ 
have not been ungrateful in my silence for your lov- 
ing care and ho.spitality; I have liot been 

, "Carried to llic skits 

On fl()wc,ry Iwds of case ' , 

. » 
since I left your kind roof; but I have been busy. 
That is ifiy for the long delay (of which I am 

Reminiscencbs. 4P5 

nfihamed) in lettiiiK you know where I am, and how 
I have fare^sincc I left you. 

" The train was late that night for Oak Valley, and 
I was very thankful for the sensible lunch you put in 
the little box. There was n Sunday-school Conven- 
tion in session at Oak Valley, at the opera-house, and 
the big nieejng of the Convention was held that even- 
ing ot» whrcli I arrived. The Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the Woman's Foreign Mis.sionary Society had 
forgotten to notify the Conference Secretary that it 
would be impossible to have me .speak that evening, 
and all the ladies of the Auxiliary had forgotten that 
I was to come. So there was no one to meet ine." I 
went to the hotel, and, after 1 had washed my face 
and hands, went to the opera-house. As the kind 
Father would have it, fcwas taken to a .seat beside a 
Sunday-.scliool worker, who is also a member of our 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. She was l)eing 
entertained by a royal Christian, whose home, like her 
heart, was large enough to take me in. I left the next 
day for the .succeeding appointment, spoke at the Mis- 
sionary Co'ivenlion in t>lie afternoon; made an ad- 
dress in the evening; and when the committee met 
me at the train before I left, asked what were my ex- 
penses, and I told them $1.95, they gave me two .sil- 
ver dollars, (juoting the motto on the silver coins, and 
adding : ' We will give you the five cents over ex- 
. pauses.' 

"At Berline I was not expected, as the pa.stor there 
is not of the ' expectant tribe.' All arrangements had 
lieen made with liini by the Conference Secretary, as 
our Society is dead in that place ; but he had not had a 
letter from her for two weefci, and did not know but 



she had canceled my em^Hment. When I reached 
that place, there beiiiR n(fBhe to meet me, I went to 
a hotel. It rained, thundered, lightened, and the wind 
blew furiously. As soon as it cleared off, I went to 
the parsonage, and found it was prayer meeting night, 
and the pastor ready to go to Cliurch. There 
were six people at praycr-ineeting, and at the niinl.s- 
ter's I talked,^ siing, I answered (picstions. 
All seemed delighted, and we took \\\t a collection of 
$5, that will go to help organize a Society ; for there 
would not be ten women in the Cliurch to take holdj 
and one woman, a washerwoman, was anxious that 
there should be a Society instead of a Band. The next 
morning at the hotel that washer^woman came and 
gave me -a dollar toward my. ejyienses. She .said: night I lay a-thinkin ' anda-thinkin ' what I couH 
do for you, for you did me so much good; and all of a 
sudden I remembered my home plants that Mis' Riley 
offered me a dollar for., I went over to see her this 
niornin', and she gave me a dollar.' 

" From Berline to Cherryvale. A rainy, di.sagree- 
able day to find a desolate .station ; set down in the 
mud, and ' nobody nor nothin'.' there .' I sent up town 
for a hack. At Cherry vjile they let you come ; and if 
you come, let you send up to the hotel for a hack, and 
then they take you to a hotel. I went to the parson- 
age t() find that the pastor and his wife were visiting 
in VVooster. I found a little hotel, where I got din- 
ner ; then went rumjnaging over town to dig out some 
Methodists. I dug up two, and learned that my meet- 
ing liad never been announced. Nobody had ever 
heard of me! The Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciet>' dead. The pa.stor had been indifferent, not only 


REiflNJSCBNCES. 407 ^ 

to our work, but to his own — liis habits being such 
that ht was ahnost wholly unfitted for his place — the 
one minister I have ever known of this sort. 1 huns 
my harp upon the willow, feeling as desolate as the 
Jews in -a strange land, and went back to the miser- 
able little hotel, with its stuffy looms, thinking if we 
could |#y see as far ahead as we do behind, what a 
restful week I might have had in your home. What 
a pity ! All the way a desert, and no dessert ! 
We could have done so much with our pen in a whole 
week, an<l I gone to Lanco.ste for Sunday. 

" I had a very pleasant time titere that Sunday. I 
was entertained at Dr. Marine's, and had a great big, 
pleasant room to my.self and could go to it whenever 
I was tired. I visited the Church I'niverjjity, the In- 
stitute, and looked all over the beautiful city. I went 
to West Lancoste, and spoke in that Church in the 
morning, and took a collection of 545, besides a good 
time. In the evening I spoke at Trinity. Had a 
large and enthusiastic audience; Church full; collec- 
tion. Si 27. vSpoke to the .Sunday-school and l-'pworth 
League Monday afternoon ; met the ladies of all de- 
noniin.itions in Mrs. Dr. Marine's parlors. Left on 
Tuesday for Tolando, where we held our eighth Con- 
vention. It rained all the time I was there; but the 
e\ening congregation was large, and there were (piite ' 
a number of delegates from the surrounding towns. 
The audience seemed delighted with the address, and 
made me talk about an hour longer than I had planned. 
The pastor beggeS me to stay over Sunday, and take 
the services. He said that the.people were woefully 
ignorant of what our Church was doing through the 
women in the line of foreign missionary work. 


" I had a present here, from a beautiful lady, of a 
picture that I prize highly. This picture, with that 
little book you saw, and the $2 that came from that 
kind-hearted farmer who rode, with Jus wife, twelye 
miles to hear me that Tuesday evenifi^t your home, 
are all the presents that I have ever received. 

"On Friday morning I went to Otranto, where I 
was met at the depot by one of the kindest little women. 
She was so very sorry that she could not entertain me, 
but .said her neighbor across the .street would give me 
the 'sweetest entertainment.' This kind lady, who 
met me, had her own hor^s and driver. Her house 
was a large, handsome, steam-heated home. I went 
to her neighbor's, a goo<i-hearted dressmaker, who did 
for me the best she could. The guest-chamber was cold, 
so my good little dressmaker made me take a warm 
flatiron for my feet, '^u see I could not get off any 
reports or mail from there. J spoke to a fairly good 
audience that evening. Peopl^Memed to know that 
some one was to speak whom it woula not be con- 
venient for the ' kindest little woman ' to have for her 

"When they asked what my were, they 
seemed astonished at the amount ; so I gave an itemized 
statement of the whole $3.08. When they were pay- 
ing me ' the kindest little woman ' remarked : ' I do 
hope that does not empty the treasury, for you know 
I advanced 37 '4 cents on Reports.' 

" The next day I had a headache, and it rained, and 
hailed, and snowed, and blowed, but I was to speak at 
Mendone. When I reached the station, I was met by 
several nice-looking women, with badges, and we 
walked to the church, taking my valise and handbag 


^'' W T^ 

f RF.MimsCKKCES. 409 


along. The Ufnes had gotten up a social missionary 
tea in the churcli parlors, that was to last from four 
until eight o'clock. Of course, I was expected to be 
' social.' I talked and ate, and ate and talked. The 
ladies did not"fceni to dream that I could be tired, 
sic^, homesick, or long for otie minute's quiet, but ex- 
pected me to fill myself with cake, pickles, cold ham, 
and weak tea, and between mouthfuls fill them full of 
missionary enthusiasm ! The parlors were mu.s.sed, 
the women tired, everything in a whirl and a buzz. 
I was criticised in regard to my dress (I had put on 
my one ewe lamb, because I knew it was to be a ' big 
thing ') ; children stared at me, and a darling baby 
wiped her fingers on my one piece of nice neck trim- 

"They thought that all the money that could be 
spared for a year had been planked down in the ten 
cents paid for their missionary tea. As .soon as I dared, 
when I found no one else intended to propose it, I l)e- 
gan the warfare with the gas, oxygen, ham and tea ; 
and although I could not begin speaking until after 
nine o'clock, because they are such a social people 
and wanted all the ten cents at the table, every one 
seemed to enjoy the speecli. They wanted I should 
take a collection, and were perfectly astonished when 
they counted up over $30. They had taken $8 at the 
tea, but nearly two of that would have to go to pay 
for the icecream. They gave me twenty-five cents 
over my expenses I 

"My Conference Secretary seems very much grat- 
ified at ni> .success, but wonders if I could not reduce 
my expenses. She thinks she plans so well that I 
need never go to a hotel or ride in a 'bus. My. rub- 


4IO Woman's FoREfCN AfissiOtyARV Society. 

bers arc worn out, and my tjloves look forlorn. My 
best drt'ss is spotted in several places, and my hand- 
kerchiefs look Krimy, because 1 try to wash them out 
myself. My hose need mending, and the buttons are 
loose on my boots. I have earned for the Society 
durin'tj the last month aljont $400, besides giving the 
people a permanent uplift in missionary work. The 
Secretary wrote me that some ()f the ladies proposed 
to give me enough .sdary to keep me in gloves and 
boots, but she thought that I ought to love .souls well 
enough to do this work for nothing. You know what 
an elegant home tmr Secretary has ; but she frequently 
writes nie of her sacrifice of time to jilan out this 
work, and to go now and then to quarterly meetings, 
wlierc, to be sure, she works, but still lias leisure for 
visiting with tliose .she knows and loves, "^'or fifteen 
years I have been among strangers in this and foreign 
lands, and everywhere been looked upon as an in- 
truder. The ministers and .\uxiliaries don't want 
me. The heathen liave never lieeu known to hanker 
after us since they were cannibals. I thought I had 
staid among strangers just as long as I could. I 
was worn out, soul and body. I wanted to .see my 
mother. Some nights I would have given the whole 
world, if I liad had it, to have had my own precious 
motlier tuck me in bed, pat the bedclothes, and give 
me tlie goo*l-night kiss, just as she did when I was a 
Jittle giKj. and came home to The workers said the 
women ai the Clnirch wi>re ignorant of the needs of 
■the missionary work. There was no way for tliem to 
find out, only for me to go and tell them. Would I 
gp? My dear'old mother put her heartache aside. I 
said that I would forget that I had spine or nerves, 


rap^< J«^.^^^W««, ■'«'vf«,>^j^^'w.JMi r"' '■'•"^'JT' 


and tiike up ihu work. But as I go around over this 
rich country, fdkd with cxpc-nsivc homes aiKl Qle^ant 
.churches; this country of newspapers, Church papers, 
and magazines. I am i)uz7,led more and more to know 
ifhy the missionary nftist, when she conies home to 
rest, spend all her time working amoti^ the heathen 
in our own Churches." 

Lest we find too sweet contentment in what a quar- 
ter of a century has seen accomplished, we wSjI cast 
"a glance backward" with Mrs. S. L. Baldwin, who 
went to China in a .sailiuK-vessel, uistead of a fine, 
swift steamer, one hundred and forty days out en the 
ocean saijinjj, before reaching Foochow, .sixty of them 
out of sight of land, and then anchored off Anjer, on 
the Island of Java, where they took in provisions and 
news as to how " the war" was going in tlje United 
States. In the varicfis latitudes, one winter, a snow- 
\rf^orin, as they rounded the Cape of Good Hope, was 
sandwiched between two summers. The workers of 
to (la\ , with their belter equipment, wopld find it diffi- 
cult to understand how these early mis.sionaries were 
luiniiH-red for lack of tools. 

Tlie liilde was in process of translation into the 
colUxpiial, and .Mrs, Baldwin writes: 

"Many a jileasant hour did I spend with my hus- 
band on Proverbs, while other members of the mis- 
sion were at work on other portions. Hynui-book, 
discipline, catechism, school-books — all had to be 
translated and ])riiited for the first time. Mrs. Sites 
did a most excellent work in putting into Chinese the 
Bilile Picture book. The Anglo-Chinese Dictionary, 
.so invaluable in the study of the language, was not 
in existence. The great value .and 'cost' of that work 

4 1 2 WoA/. lAT 's Foreign AfissroNAK r Societv. 

I appreciated later, as it fell to my lot voluntarily to 
do what one gentleman termed the ' drudgery ' of 
straightening out, so that the printers could under- 
stand them, the many corrections made b>* the two 
authors. This cost me two hours' writing daily for a 
year and a half. In those days the missionary, to a 
greater extent than now, had to be not only preacher 
and teacher, but translator and bookmaker. Later, 
as God's blessing came on our work, he must be also 
profe.s.sor, editor, superintendent of a great press, 
which, at times, was so full of work that it was going 
night and day, employing two sets of hands. 

"At that time we had a Foundling A.sylum; a 
small building into which were received the castaway 
baby girls, sometimes left on the hill near the door, 
evidently with the hope that they would be cared for. 
Many of them, in spite of utmost care, died of previ- 
ous neglect or inherited weakness; but others lived 
to enter our boarding-school, so finely conducted by 
the Misses Woolston. All who lived became Chris- 
tians, were married to Christian men, and are lights 
wherever they are. The results of the Misses Wool- 
ston's twenty-five years of wise, unselfish labor, can 
not Ik." estimated here. I shall never forget my first 
visit to our suburban Church, Citing Sing long (True 
God Church). As I entered the door I saw only men 
and boys, but the corner, including a window on the 
left of the pulpit, was latticed off, forming a room 
into which no one coiUd look. I inquired its pur- 
pose, and was conducted out of the Church to a side 
entrance into this rooiji; and lo! there were the 
women and girls hearing the gospel through the 
lattices. The custom f/ secluding womeir made this 



Rbminiscencbs. 413 

room necessary, and it was not \et safe to ignore the 
cifStoni. But very soon all such fears disappeared, 
fkwA our women and girls hore the cross, for His sake, 
and took their place in the puhlic congregation." 

Mrs. J. T. Gracey throws an intensely interesting 
side light on the history of the Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society in the following; 

" Looking back over the years, two .scents'Vonie 
to my mind connected with the early hi.story of our 
woman's work. One was in India, the other in 

"It seemed at the beginning of our mission history 
in India as if never a door would open which would 
give us entrance to the women of the country. 
Once a l)egiTining was made, the missionary women 
recognized that it was destined to develop beyond 
any resources they could com^nand; and so a few of 
us met together, talked the matter over, and decided 
that we must make apjilication to the Missionary 
Society at hmne for an ai)propriatio'n specially for 
women's work. The application was made, the facts 
were enumerated ; but for some reason no appropria- 
tion was allowed. Had the Missionary Society at 
that time adopted this work, it is possible the 
Woman's Foreign Missicmary Society might never 
have come into existence, and certainly not in the 
efficient form which it has taken on. The mission- 
aries of India in the succeeding months found them- 
selves face to face with an obstacle that ' would not 
down.' If they could not get what they needed 
through the Missionary Society, because it was em- 
barras.sed with debt, or did not apprehend the new 
developments which were destined to swing all the 


doors of India back on their Inures, that woiihl not 
excnse the missionary wonitii of Intha from eiTort 
to meet the providential necessity liy seeking aid 
through some other cliannel. 

" Five years pass, and there is anoliier assemlily of* 
women. As the writer sat in tliis second gathering 
her mind went hack to the first alluded to. This one 
is in Boston, not in India. It was in Ajiril, 1.S70, 
when twelve womeily representing tlie six newly-or- 
ganized branches/ which constituted (at least on 
paper) tlie Woinan'x Foreign Missionary Society, 
were a.ssembled in the parlors of Mrs. T. A, Rich, of 
Hoston. It was the first meeting of the Ivxecutive 
Committee of the .Society. Two missionaries had 
gone to India already, and the Hareilly Orphanage 
had been traTisferred to this Society, and its support 
(indertaken by them. This first Executive Coinniitlee 
faced the fact that J 11,000 wen; necessar\' to meet 
obligations upon them for the ^oming year. Wher- 
ever could they hope to secure such a large sum of 
money? Eleven thousand dollars! Whose faith was 
equal to the emergency? At this juncture Mrs. E. W. 
Parker, of India, burdened with a sense of pressing 
needs of India's women, and with a faith that was 
well-nigh sublime — faith in God, and faith in the 
women of Molhodisni — rose and boldly proposed that 
an effort be made to raise twenty thousand dollars ! 
For a moment there was an ojjpressive silence, then 
from every one present came an exclamation of .sur- 
prise, an audible, ' Oh I' The unexi>res.sed thought 
seemed to be that Mrs. Parker's zeal had run away 
with her judgment. The enthusiasm was, lunvever, 
contagious, and the advanced ground was taken. It 


'"-■■' .' \ "■• . ^ 


was a far KreatiT triiinipli of faith than was thf ap- 
propriation of thri'f hundrid and twilvc thousand 
dollars !)>■ tht- l^xcrutivc Coniniittuc in vSt. I'anl 
ill i.Sy.v 

"1 recall this stent' as if it were l)nt yesterday. Of 
that company, the jjifted and s'lintly Mrs. Dr. Olin, 
and the eflficient secretary, the brilliant and beloved 
Mrs. Dr. Warren, have ])as.sed on throuKh the Rates ■ 
of the city, while others are, still working or waiting. 
. "A niiKht> , transforming power has been felt in the 
educational,, evangelistic, and medical work of this 
Society thronKhout India, which has been developed 
since those two eventfid nieetin>;s. Individual lives 
have been lifted froni sin and defjradation; women 
have come more lar^jely to ap])rehend and appreciate 
the spirit and ]>ower of the Christian home ; thou- 
sands of children li.ive been cared for by the So- 
ciety's representatives, and have been sent forth to 
spread abroad the tidin|;s learned: a Clirislian litera- 
ture has been nia<le ])iwsible for heathen hou.seholds; 
aspirations have l)een kindled, .ind thouj;hts of God 
have been implanted. 

" The educational lines have been advanced from 
the little veranda school to the Lucknow Woman's 
Colle),'e. The residt of this culture is evidenced in 
native women able to preside over a conference of 
their Christian sisters, while others who had s])ent 
most of their lives in the Mohanimedaii or Hindu 
harem, are found in public asseml)lies readinj^ papers 
written liy themsehes, or discussinj;"malters ])ertain- 
ing to general education, liishop Thobi .n says 'that 
nowhere in Methodism, if, indeed, anywhere in 
Christendom, is woman's work so fully recognized and 

'' { 

4 16 Woman 's Foke/cs AfissiONARv Society. 

so thoroughly organized as in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church in^iudia.' We may catch a glimpse of 
the marvelous aclvance when we realize the fact that 
in two presiding elders' districts in North India, 
woman's work is superiiitendod by native Chris- 
tian women. > 

" Marii the progress in medical work. Our Society 
.first introduced the study of medicine among the 
women of Asia; and now a despised, neglected 
Hindu widow breaks away from the prejudices of cen- 
turies, and takes the first honors of her class in a 
medical college; and another, a little abandoned waif 
taken into our Orpliauage Home, half dead, is now a 
Christian physician in charge of a Government hos- 
I)ilal for Women. We may not .say what number of 
women have learned 'the way, the truth, and the 
life,' or have been relieved from the religion of super- 
stition and fear of false gods, and of those which are 
' nothing,' and have come under the influence of a 
religion of love. 

"Thiviking of it all, it seems a long way l)ack to 
that first executive meeting; or that other little group 
of wearied women in India in tlie gray dawn of this 
movement; and yet it is as 'a dream when one 
awaketh,' for after all it was but yesterday that this 
work begap. We close the first (piarter of a century 
with devout thank.sgiving, and look hopefully to 
the future." 

Mrs. J. Fotvler Willing, in a recent contribution 
■to the Fiienu, gives as the secret of the grand success 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Societjjf " plod- 
ding perseverance," adding so much good sense we 
venture to make liberal extracts. " Doing the next 



Reminiscences. 417 

tliiiiK faithfully," she says, "and tnistiiiK the Lord to 
make wliat He can of it. Not waiting for j^rcnt wind- 
falls, bequests, the K'ft^ "f niillid^iaires, but picking 
up the pennies and trudging on. Its ' two cents a 
week.' drops into the treasury like the patter of spring 
rain. Though tile times are hard, and„retrenchn)ent 
is the order on Ivery hand, \et it has had to lake no 
steps backward. The sand-banks with whicli the 
Hollanders shut out tBe .sea are made strong by the 
rootlets ot the grass growing on them. So this noble 
, Society, by tlie little helpings of its many workers, 
may hold at bay the tremendous monetary surges that 
sweep away great fortunes and crij.ple inighty 
enterprises." . k 

But she seems not' .satisfied in giving "the secret 
spring of the successful achievements of this organi- 
zation, but, as of old. fearlessly advancing, she affirms 
that "patient plodding" is the very life of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society- " Wealth is 
good," .she moralizes; "pastoral aid desmible; ecclesi- 
a.stical .sanction helpful; b\it it is ])atient ])lodding for 
Christ's dear love that tu^ns the mulberry-leaf of 
feminine ability into the silken mbe of sidvation f()r 
heathen women." ^ 

" At first it seemed a great hardship to be for- 
bidden^ to take i)ublic collections. Work up 
a meeting against all odds, half frightened out of one's 
wits by the jiresiding, :ind rep<1hing, and appealing; 
heart-sinking under a .sense of responsibility /or half 
the heathen world; and. after all. not be allowed to 
reap a harvest from the interest created! 'O, the 
pity of it !' exclaimed a gentleman in Piqua, Ohio. 
'.Such a waste I If you had taken a collection, I would 



have' thrown in pocket-book and all, and so would 
the rest!' 

" Like many another restriction, the no-collection 
clause was the best helpj^ Work up an audience to 
the hundred-dollars pitch *f enthusiasm, and then' 
it down by Retting the woWii to pledge a pitiful 
cents a week? Yes. The wndred dollars would 
the end of it ; but two cents a week from fifty wo 
twenty years, would make a thousand dollars, 
there woidd be many little odds and ends that 
manly ingenuity can devise. Besides, the world o 
work necesSury tf) keep the fifty women at it, was 
just what was needed to carry missions into the 
homes of the land, and make possible the missionary 
revival that followed. Car-loads of paper had to be 
written and printed; thousands of miles traveled by 
women who never before ventured unattended out of 
sight of their own chimney smoke ; secretaries had to 
spend days and weeks at their desks. 

"All this has made the workers intelligent and .self- 
respecting. ' You call your paper the Heathen 
Woman's Frietid,' said an Ii>dtana preacher. 'You 
would better call it the Christian Wonian's P'riend. 
See what it is doing for the women in our Churches.' 

" God be thanked for his blessing, that has been 
liko. .sunshine on the springing grain ! For his sake, 
and to, insure permanence in this arm of service, the 
verb 'to work' be conjugated con.stantly in all 
its plodding moods and tenses." 

Just after Mrs. Parker returned to India it was 
laid .upon a quiet woman, Mrs. W. A. Ingham, of 
Cleveland, to inaugurate the work of the Society in 
Northern Ohio. The pastor of the First Methodist 



Remfniscbncss. ^9 

Church, Cleveland, Ohio, Rev. Cyrus E. Feltou, Rave 
Sabbath evening, September 19, 1870, to the ladies to 
begin this great work, in presence of the Erie Confer- 
ence, then in session. The chapel was packed to its 
utmost — aisles, stairways, vestibule, and sidewalk — to 
witness and listen to the latest innovation ; that is, re- 
ligious women vjiddressing a public audience, such a 
thing having never been attempted in the Forest City. 
Twelve ladies occupied the platform — the wives of 
two bishops, of two laymen, and of eight pastors. Mrs. 
Moses Hill offered prayer; Mrs. T. S. Paddock read a 
mar\-elous Scripture les.son ; Mrs. Bishop Clark, of 
Cincinnati, and Mrs. W. A. Ingham, made flie ad- 
dresses, reading their own manuscript, the first .setting 
forth the need of such a Society, the latter giving the 
condition of the women of the Orient, Mrs. H. C. 
McCabe, of Delaware, O., iiaving inspired and pre- 
pared her, in a manner, to stand before a Conference 
and utter the truth that woman was asking all over 
the world for higher motives in life. A letter was 
read from Mrs. Bishop Kingsley. The 
was by Annie Howe Thomson, widow of our own * 
beloN'ed Bishop. Slight of figure, with sad, sweet 
voice, she came before the people with the delightful 
poem she had prepared for the occasion. No eyes 
were dry in that audience : t», 

The Ma.stcr hath need of the rci^pers, 

.\nil, iiiourner, he calleth to thee; 
Conic out of the valley of sorrow, 

Look up to the hilltops and see 
Mow the fields of the h.irvest are whUening, 

How golden am) full is the gram ; 
' O, what are thy wants to the summons. 

And what are thy griefs and thy poin .' 


* .' ■■' ',%•' . -v;#iiiiM-- 

f.' 420 Woman's FosBiGN MissioNAKY Society. 

Till' Master lutli need of the reapers, 

And, idler, he calleth to thee ; 
Come out of the mansion of plensnre, 

Krom the halls where the careless may lie. 
Soon the shadows of eve may be falling 

With the mists, and the dew. and the rain; 
O, what are thy joys and thy follies 

To the blight anil the waste of the grain .' 

The Master hath need of the reapers, 
; And, worker, he calleth to thee ; 

O, what are the dreams of ambition 

To the joys that hereafter shall be? 
There are tokens of storm that are coming, 

.•\nd summer is fast on the wane; 
Then alas I for the hopes of the harvest! 
' Then alas! for the beautiful grain! 

The Master hath need of the reapers, 
t . And he calleth to you and to me ; 

.') haste, while the winds of the morning 
.\re blowing s(t freshly and free; 
, ^ I,el the sot^d of the scythe arfil the sickle 

Float along "'er hilltop and plain, 
And gather the sheaves in the garner; 
I'or golden and ripe is the grain. 






North IiiiUh Confcrfiu-e, , . . 
Northwest Iiiilin Coiifrrence, 
South IiKlta Conference, . . . 

Bombay Conference, 

Bengal- Burnmh 

Malavsiu MisHion, 

North China Mission 

Central Cliina Mission, . . . 

West China 




South America 














Whole niinilMfr of girln under iimtriK 
There are three Ilomen for hoinelei " 

















7j8 .^88 9,195 








49 3.267 



linen In 

t thirteen thoiiitand. 

the Nnrth India Conference. 

II 448 






'3 S7.220 






Mffis iMhella Thohurn.. il>elawarr, () !l.urknow .Cin'll i 

CmiIIc, N V 'Dircllly 1 [ 

Khrlrl .. N Rnf....|lXKs. In<lr|>«iul<-iit work 

Hinghamton. N \' lllarcllly i 

; Mutlta....lf(. V iSi*! 

Octty»l>iirK. I'n 'Mi>riiiluliail N. V >76, 

MiM Clara A Hwalil. M. U.. 
Mia* Pannie J Hparkca.. 

l»l7l!MI»»C«rtlc MiMlllmi 

iK7I'M1mm Jeiiiiir M Tin*»ley 

1N7J MiHH I.nuUt? K. Hlucklnar.... 

i871|MI«iiKHmI«1Ii M I'lilti 

l!l7l'Mliii Nancy Munrllr. M I). 

iI^'mIm Sarnli 1' LrniinR 

iH7°4|t*'MI>ii Anna Julia l.urr. M II 

l»76tMliiii Lucille llCrrcn, Ml).. 






Mi»» Mary V Carey 

Mi»ii Saliiin Alcmta Kaaton 

MiHH KiiKcnia (Vilifittli 

MiM M. Iv Unvloli ■ 

Ml» llriirirlla H \Viml«lon. M. I) 

t^'MlKH Annie H. nudiien 

Miaa l-'lorc lice H. Nickeraon 

Mi»« I.utlta Kelly 

MinH Mattie H. Kpence 

Mini Ellen Warner 

Mini I'.llen I. Moy 

Mii«it Kmma 1. Knowlea.. 

Mian Harriet Kerr 

Miaa I'htcbc Kuwe 


W Springfield. I'« 

l.iickuow 'N. W. 

I.iukniiw. I 

Mnidetat>afl . Topeka 


Wimlaor. N Y .MiMaiiiiliail NY. 

I'oiiglikeepaie, N. Y Mt>iu<iabail NY... 


. lR7<i, 


Home (in lea^e 

Mr« kev r J Hnck, Inilla 

Mm Rev. J AV.WnnKli. India. 

Cinchinflti . 
Syracnae... . 


.'Miiradalmd . 

. Cinli 1H74 

'N. V !lK77 

New Knglnnd jllarellly N. K.. 

Kiahkill.N Y Secnnderahad I'hila. 

WashinKion, I>. C INaini Tal Cin li 

New York ILucknow N Y„ 

Wilniingtun, llel Cnlcntla Hall 

Vineentuwu, N. J 'Moradal>ad I'hila.. 

India / irllli.iragarh . . N Y .. 

Clyde, o v. Lucknyw Cinti . 

Baltlniure «/; Mnuidalui'l ..Ball .. 

Kvanaville. Illd |AllnliaI>ad N W .. 

Rerca, O Kangiwn 'Cin'li.. 

Lebanon, O Cowupore Cin'li.. 

Newark, N.J .Naini Tal In K 

Ann Arbor Bareilly jrhila... 

India iLuckuow |n W 

. ■S77 




Keliml Died .Nov j, rw(7. 
(Vovernnieiit service, Mra. 

Kev II MnnHtll, India. 
Kellred. .Vr» M h Hhephrrd. 
.Mrit. kev. *;. II. McGrew, 

New York 
Mr» Cheney Hied Sept. id. 

1N7'*, India 
Mr* kev. I'rankDavia. India. 


Hied April >J. India. 

Relirctl. Deceased. 

Died al aea January 31. 


Mrs I'erie, India. 

Mrs. D. o. Fox, India. 

Mra J c. I.awson, India. 

1886, Died at home, December 11. 




'.■i|7*v5^nr«ff:»;f.'i;i?-'.j, iwi5«'*r:Tj-7-.''i',". r;r*.'^'«>.'*si'*-' f n^p- 




r o. AniiRitiw 

iHIIj!mI»« K«lh»r llrVlnr 

■•".VJIt" I. nun Hyilr. M 11 

iWt.llMl" M«rv MiKr>i>uti 

iH^iMI'^KinlV I. ll.rvrv 

lW4|\|iA<i Mdry c'liii>tituu-v. M l» 
ll>K4;,\|t«» l.nnlr M I'IikUi-Ii 
l^N MNnl'larii A DoMiii'V 

■ "••l Mix Miirigiitil I lltilrli'k 

■ ■•"I Ml" Slltiih IK l.ilK' 

■ ■^N Mi>» Maty Ktrd 

I'>^^l•tMl•• llr.lir V Mannll 

i»5 Mi». M«tyl KIll.iU 

!-"< MiK' Thrine J Kylf 

i^'-s MU^Sitrnh l.iiurk 

i'*"'^ .MU-t liiliH WirtniT 

I'*'^t MiKf* Amiii I.HWMon 

!«*• Mi»» liilin A Kull.t 

!■«> Mi«« Kiilr M'Diiwill M II . . 
!*». t.Mi»«<lrirl Millt-t .. . 

l"»7 tMi»« M«rv A MiiKlir'. 
■ •^r .Mt»i. Miiiiii. h Al.riiiii. 

i-vh: MiNM Anna riiilliiitnit' 

It": Mii>H Sni)!]!™ Illaikmoir 

i-v. Mi»» Knlf A lllitii 
l"~- Mi»« l.illlnn A lllm k 
l''.'^'' .Ml"» Mnry K t'orfi.ll 

i""»,Mlii» Muilhii A Uu\ 

l^^H .Mli<» I htnulMTKrr M II 

l«i*'Miii» H»lell« M I'llcK 

i*WMI«» lilitnliflh Min<\ 

l>*v»1lMh McBumif 

iH«s|Mi»«l'lnrrnce I'criiiif 

i**^ Mirt» I.ucja^ullivan 

lViMMi«» MnrTIm A slirlilun. M I> 

i>»'^;Ml** Haiiiiy srott 

lldlviMl.ii Knc A<llrr« 

.. {Mnrif till (I 

.. LIKtoil SprJIIKM . . 

lltrrH, <i 

H<iiith llnrtiiii. Vt . 

I W'u^hhiicton, II c . 

S<nn» Pull,, ,\ Y 
. Hiini« N V 

» > hiirlr>ti>n II 
..'(•IviimoimI. Ill . 
.. CriNikrd Trcr, o 

. Ik'luwnrr. II . 

.. Miirlln»vlnc .\ I 

..t.VI lii-nannt. In . 

..IHrttvrr. I'n 

..ithTcii. II 

..inttninwH. lu 

.IBniiltlrr. Col. 

..'lIllllUvUll- (I ' 

nf.<ik1vn N V 
.. MH|i1cliin. Mjiiii . 

,, .Vi'wiHirt. Ky 


.: roleclu. II 

<lil Cllv. I'n 

. Jolici, 111 

.Ml lifaNiint. la . . . 

. Iitlphon. o 

. MrorklMirt. .\ V . ... 

l.nn.loll, II 

. I'hiluilflpliin 

All.ioii. Mill! 

Iiayloii. O 

if:xvt-lHktr. Minn 

.CiiK-iniiatt... . 

.'New MatainiirHM, fl.. 

. ..I.ncknnw 


... HanKnun 

, CawliiMirr . 

. IlllllillV . .. 

.. Ciili-illln ... 


. t'liuniliig 


Muriidaliad .. 

HolllltHy !. .. 

., HatiKiNtn 
. Miiriiilaliad 






. l.nt'kniiw .. 



C'alilllla .. . 


. CaU'lilla 

. siiiHK-lia 

. KiiniiiHMi 

. Cull iitla 



. Ilarrluila 

. (ifindn 

. Naini Tal 



.jN. V 

'Ilea M. 

.|N K 

•N. H 

.'N V 

|N. V 

■ N. V 

. N W 


.'N * 


thru . 
N V 


N W .. 
Ilea )l 
_ II 


I'hila . 



IN. Kng.. 



.Il*ll. Mr» Mtv r.cii Willlanii 
(iHMi; Mr. F W I'lKitr. India. 

|>W». Married India. 

1>V, Hiiini* on h-Hvr. 
jllill, Hullilruii li-avc 

]l"il4. Ilnnir nn Ii-avr. 
'ft: Mil. Mllr«. KaiiauH. ilvi 
INI. lliMiu- on leave 

' [India 

!*«. Mr« H,v llr || Monnir 
iHMi. Mra Mrv W I| Sl.plun. 

i [India 

iw.l. Married, Inilia. 

'•-ii Relired. 
'•^l. Hclired. 
l";", Mr- II 11 lin.l.erKer India 


"^"1. Ketli.d Joined IliellaptitH 

t*^iS. Married, Iowa. 

IN^I. Home oil leave. 

1H94. ^Married, India. 

1H./1, Mrs «• I .Manaell. India. 






;!»w«»'(^-i -^11 '<.'■■ •■^'ii'-ii?:; 


HuMR impiru >r o Aiiitmiu ; iiiianvi) 

1M9 Mlu 

IIM> Mi» 


|IVi Mlaa 

l*)i (Ml.i 

|N«)J MIftI 
iKqj Mian 

iHuj Mil* 
IK,, tMI>i 
iKvi MIm 
Ift^j MUn 

ll<v\ .Ml» 
lSu4 MI«H 
IIIV4 Mi»i> 

iIIm Mi» 

lt4iM Mian 
iHu^ Mill 
lHu.s Mi 411 
lfiV5 Mjwi 

iKys .M(.» 

Ann* Thompaon Canlnn, 11 Hurott* 

Krhwm |iAn*y (lrrrn«t>iirir. Inrt 'c'Mtciilta 

FMltlitr I'rrklllt Illdlanolii In RttimiMiit 

l,i>ul»ii llurlrt Phllaclrl^ini Malilrriihiiil 

Mary lltyan M. II . |n||i|tn»l>iii||. N V lliiirllly 

Mary Kriiiirdy Jlra^uiura. la Hi>tii)>ny 

4;iacr Htrphrtia 'India Madrii« 

HlUalirlh Hniir iRrllalre. u I.ucku'm 

I Arinac Krrirr iHuhlianl. (^ HangiKMi 

CHlhrrlnc WimmI {lluniUtuii, la rnwitpotr 

A<1» j I.aiu'k jlndlanola. la . Cawnitorr 

rrancm craiir iKTBliatoii III I'alt-iittn 

Jiiat'Uhlnr Slalil illlaxolial la t'ultiltin 

thrUtinr j(lri;rii Ulaiitl N V lloiiiha> 

tHiiMnii llarrliiulitii jl^nrtland. Otr . slnga)-iiri- 

Kniiiia K I'rrrU lAthcna.d 'HlnRa|Htir. 

Jiiarphitii' Hi'litnKC' iBayCity. Mich HlnKaJHtrr. 

Nrlllf iiarrU .. Iltrca, n. Caliiiiia 

Kair \l<(,trgiir. M l> {Hail Aar, MIrh Hnrrlllv 

KvH M Puitirr |l*orllntHl, ore stiiKalHtir 

Anna Kli<-li«r tMuacatinr. la JahulpMr 

Lillian K. Marka 'Han Franciactt . . Cawnptirt-.. 

Ftorcnrr Nii'hollit jUoaton J.urknnw 

ChriniinriliHuHrnaen Rl*ooklyn. N V Rarrllly 

I.ily II C.icrnr 'Orrcncaatlr. Ind Aliaarh 

Anna llulchrr iRrooklyu, N. Y NatiiiTnl 

Maiv K U^lMin India Hutlnoii 

Knih A. CidlliH Alhiiin, la I.nikl 

rHlM. Ml>. W. II Slrlihrna. Indt*. 


rnnif M. Hart. M II iKanaaaCily, Kan 

Hmnia HmlK'. M II ('.rtrnvlllr, I'a 

(;fatT o CnrU New Yurk Cil> 

Hannah llndlry Aliatralia 

I.,nnu h Wriftht I»«'tr<>it. Mich . 

l,i//icV Try<in llowii 

II irncc HIcrltug !l<rd Winn, -Minn 

Hva M llardlt. ..." Clucinnati Ilndla. 

Alice A. Kvana 'luwa Ilndla. 

HHttllly ,,, 
HariMla . 
Nnliil Tal 




H(»S W 

lira M . 


N V 

IK-M M t^)\. Mra- 1, A. Ciirr. India 


(In II \ 

lin'll j 

|ir< M . 
Ixa M I 
N «■ 
N W 
N V 


N W 
N W 
C Riv 
Urn M 
N hnH 
N V 
N W 
N V . 

N W 

Ilrm M 
N W 


N, v.... 
.,N F.... 
.l)W, W ... 
.Ilica ..M 
.'lira M I 

iS;i. Mrn CnHHland, Hwaiow. 
IV^■ Mrt K V HniiKga.Hliigaporr. 
iM>s. Mtinird, KNannton. III. 



■ 1- H 

■ V'^" Tt'T" 








■ »74 

■ «77 
I "Till 



I Ml 







Ml» kaUh WiMiUloil 
MiMHarah Wuolalon . 


HliMK AIMiarnH 

Trrnlon. N 
Tiiiilon. N 

MiM Maria lllown 

Mia* UnrylJ'I'iirlcr.. 
MUa <*rrtriiilr Mowv.... 


Ml*' l.ilcy Moaii. M I) 
Mlaa l.titlixla I'lmiha. M II 
MlaaHliiniiriiry Traak. M 1). 
Miaa I.clllla Maaim. Ml) % . 
Mlaa 1.1 lilla A tainplx-ll 
Mia* l.rimnta lliwanl M II 
tMlaa Julia A S|wrr M II . 
MlaaOaraM CiiMhinini . . 
Mlaa Kair lliiahiirll, M II 

MU* lltlla llowr 

Mia* Ahnir II Srara 
Mlaa Kliialirllt VaU» 
Miaa KllaCllthrlal M l> 
» Miaa I'raiuiaj «h«lir 
Mlaa KitclU Akria M II 
Mra.l'haflullr M Jiwfll 
Mlaal'alhrrlnr Ciitry, M |l 
Miaa Mary C Hnliinaiiii 

Miaa Carrlr I Jrwrll 

• Mlaa I.Uiia M HIahrr 
tMlaaAlina ■■ C.luaa. M II 

Miaa Nrllir H I'.rrrll 

Mlaa I'.iliia I". Trny, M II . 
Miaa hlla C ShdW 
\li<« Mohrl C llartfort 
Mi-'H May H Carlton, \L 


\li«» May K 
Ml.ajullii lloniifirld 

Miaa l.illlan)' llnic 

Mlaa KlU julinauil 

..|Uavpll|inrt la . . 

il.aiialnii. Mli'lt 

Allilon Mii'li 
. Siiriiiu Crrrk. I'll 

. Cambf iitffi . Mnaa 
. Ililuild Kliptda, Ml<ll 

Mllluir lllil 
.I|'iahcr\i1lr. N II 
IKvnnatoii III 
ll.aiiaiiiii Mltli 

llucvrua. 11 




Hath Mr 

.-ll-"«jrl Jttlira, Cal 

Ktlaa liKl 

AIM<Mi Mi>'h 

il.iinilon. () 

. Hvauatoii, lit 
..'Salt I'ranciacii . . 

. {Hoatoll, Maaa 

iMoorr • Hill. II"! 

T|>„vrr N II 

Browiiavillr, N* Y . 
.iTtiiitirltun. W. Va , 
. W. Nrwbiiry, Maaa .. 

!■ <> Aiiiiiiiiaa liaAvcH KaMARKa- 

'I'laKliiiw Mall iHv., liirti il4-tiili<-r ;4, Trriiton 

KixKh.iw |N W Tranalrrrril fnini I'lirrnl lloaril 

1 I In i^;i reaiaiiril alti i fi yriira. 

•I'rkiliK 'N V. |l^7^. Mra i; k lnvla. I liliia 

il'rkiiia :il« M . iiWi, Mri I II llainrwt'll. ihina 

Kill kTanK N W i 

ihin klanii N W I 

I'rklnii I'hIlH it'H Mra A HIrlllniatrr rrliiril. 

Ii««li„w N V liN*, Alarriril lliliia 

Kill klaiill I'in'li ia;(, Mra In ijiiinr, l'liicn||<> 

I' kili|( In K ia7S, niril Mn> i",lhlii« 

Tirnlaln |N »• '!■*( Mra KinK 111 inn 

|MHH-I)(iw iN W '1^14. Mra A CiilAll, lloalon. 

rfktliH A IN h: ivaj. Iliimr iin travr 

Kill kiailll N W iwi Krtirril 

Kill kiaiiH I'ltilii l^^i. Krtirril 

I'rkinn iCIll II iiiart Ulnl Hrr i, Clrvrlaliil lloa 

l-ckini| . IN K. laii, Krllrr.1 

Kill klani jWaalrrn 'laxj liir.l Apiil i| I'nlnrailu 
IChuniiklnr N W |Mr» Ktv A Vrriiy ( liina 

TIriilaIn N C ;iWs Miirrliil I liitiii 

. l-rking jN V , 

I'lKHhow In V 'iKWi, Krllrt'il Mra Ilr I'uril, Inil 

I'hin klnnic N W 1 

K"MK-liow I'lirtI . ..ii%^ tlonir on Iravr 

I'lHxhiiw llall iiv, Mra W N llrrwatcr. China 

Tlriitain IN w I 
. I'rking.,,. N, K 

laini iiiia In K 

Nankin jN. W 

1'iio.lKiw \s- K 

. I KiKH-hiiw |n. V . 

>Hn(H-hiiw Cin'tl t 

ITaun Una iN K liaii^. Mra Ilr Hcnlt 

.ll'ijiH-hdw Irltlla iTraiiird nnrat, iHi>j, married. 
















MU« Mary Krllln( 

Ml» Kninin Mllihill 

MUm H«rnh I'clrr* ... . 

MUa .Minn h Mrrrc 
IMUa I'laiW' <> WIUiill 

MUa I.V'HV A Trlnihlr 

Ml»a Katlifl II Hrim M II 

MU« Ilia hli-vrMNoii. M 1) 

MiM hlla I v<>« M It 

t MMa Hnlh M Hli,. 

Ml.. inillH* Irry 

Mlu KaIr I. 7l||l»irti 

Mlaa l.uuia M whiti 

iMIaa I ('r<>»>iliwallr 

MIh KAr <• Yuiinii 

iMiaa Mirlla Ma«lrr>. M U 
iMUaKlla J (iliivrr 

Mlaa l,y>liuj Wllklnaon . 

Hlaa Allir M HlaiiUia 

Mra. Anna I. ItuvU . 

Mla» MIniilr K Wiliuii 

Mljia Wllnm II KoiiM 

MItii Malvl Allrli 

MUa Anna JxhnMMi 

Miaa Maiy VilcrH 

iMUa Julia M Donahue. M 
|MI»tt Hrlrit Cialtuway 
'Miaa Fannir K Mryrr 

Mlaa C.rrlruila Toft. M U ... 

MInm I'.niniii Miirtln 

Miita MllHniln Ciiiiichvr 

Mia. Allllra TikIiI 

Ulaa PhclwC Wrila 

Miaa llu KInl l'.n(. M. 1>... 

iMia* AllcT l^liam 

Naunlvoil, O . . . 
Bt.a.klyn. N y 
rrlnifvlllr. ill 

Ailtlan. Mich 

gCnrnlnu. U 

"(lalva. la 

iKitlnl><>r<> l-a 
.HiH-ncrrCircIl, M( 
IWaahlnaliin. I> I' 
.'Wniiill||hli^ <■ 
rnlon MIIU. (I 
.'Ntw Voik l.'l# 
Wallhain MTa> 
IThnrntown, liiil. 
Hualitn. Maaa . 

DlaHnnal. la 

,Haianat NY 
(lak I'ark. Ill 
HhtllivvlUt. liMl 
l.ak>n<ltl. Minn . 


;<iak l-ark. Ill 

. I'rlnwvlllf. Ill . . 
.. HrrnHint, O - 

r o. AUumiaal ■hani.-h 



'Cln II . 

In v.. 

.IN W 




Kin klan 
I'htn kiai 




Taull Hul 

I'uuchow llraM 

INankIn >N Y 

'Nankin 'N W 

llluK llwu N W 

link t'liianic Minn 
il'tMitlinw iltra M 

I'anchow .N W 


lllng llwa 

Iha M 
l>rn M 
N W 
N W 
llr. M 

'I'll I In 
N V 

N W 
N K 

Ml Ayr. la |Chun||kln|| 

Kliu IVrtivc, Mu ChunilklnK . 

I.iwAnirlia.Cal thin kiann 

OttrrMli I 

jHolta Inatltulc. N. V ITaun Hua. . 

lloaton Ilea. Iloinv |H(MKh(iw 

jllTBoklyu. N V iHIng Hwa. .. 

Hoorhnw fqochow 

(■M^. Marrlril. China. 
1%^, Hnnt* i>n Iravr 

. IWaiai 


N, W.. 

CIn'll . 




N K.... 
N K. . 

N V... 
Phlla . 

..iHnnchow IN, Y,. 

iStyV llri:a)|r«l 



■fi. . 





i!i74iMliii VotA H. ScliooiitnAker, 

ilii^f^Misii Olive WltlliiiK 

1K7M "^tMid* SifBiin H lllfTKitii*, . , 

^S7!^;Mist« Mary A. rr(t»Bt. 

tS7HtMiHH MatiUla A Spencer...... 

IS7^;Mi»^t Mary J. Ilolbtitok,. 

iSTglMlis HlizatM-lh RiisBell. Key*cT, W Vfl 

,_ l»tl-_ f I.. «t #•! l._fl ■ 1.- 

iS7yiMl!i!i Jt'iiiiif M (Ihfer. 

iKSoMitit Katr W<»<'<lwortli 

iSK|iMis* MiniileS Mmnpltm 

iKHi.Mrn e'liroliiu- Vnn ivucii, 

Ihhjr.Mifts Anim I*. Atkinson 

iHSjjtMiHH Kiiinin J. Hciitoii 

iSK,^|tMi!tH Reliecca J. Wntt^oti 

p>iS]i|Mifi!i Florence N Hniinsfnr. M. I>. 

i8>^\!''Mtsrt l'!inniH A. KverdinK. (S\r»ciih*'. N Y }NaK»''iikl 

1KS4 Miss Klla J Ilcwelt ('.ilend. Mich Jlokiulati. . 

iS>";'tMiMs Miniiif J K)lii>tl I('.recii»hur(f <' |N»K«saki.. , 

i*ii; Misfi l.i<la II Smith Svracime, N Y l-'iikiinkfl. ... 

iSSi^-iMis?. Anna M Kntilhach Wavcrly. N, Y 'Tokyo 

iS^/vMis*> (ta/i-)lf M. kuk>l>f(Mi New llrltain, C<iiiii.... iVukohaina.. 


Chniinnhoii. 111'. 

Jamwr, N. Y 

Vhelnea, M»»i» 

CntiRiulniKiiH, N Y 

(•t-IIDHIltdWIt. I'H . . 

Ilflltiinorc Mil 

. O. AllllReMH. 



llak(Kliiti . 

Tokyo , 


,NaKa*'i)ki -. 

Keflewood, I'ft NnKiotaki .. 

HurlJiiKloi). Vt ;iIako(lHti .... 

Albion. Mich Hakotlall .. . 

Nf|K»nnet, lit iNugasaki.... 

Cnzfimvia, N, Y >Tokyo 

Nianlic. ronn lYokjohnnta ., 

Lincoln, Nt-ii Tokyo 

OsweKo Kan iflakwlali 

iS^TJ'Mifts Mary Vance, 

i>o;>>lMis«< Mary K.'Alkin<i<>n,... 

iSS>.MiHf( helle J Allen 

iSs'^'tMisB Anna I, Hinu. 

iSs^MiKis Mary A. Urtnlbrlh,.,.. 
is'Os 'Miss Mary I*. V I'anloe.. 
l■^■■■> l\li?.H AtiKusta I»icker*ion, 

f*-*- Miss Belle r.riflTithH,' 

isNj.Miss I,oni*e InihotT 

lKV)jMiHs Mandi- K, Simon- 

iSso;Mi<i.» France!* liy I'helps*, .. 

iR-^^lMisH Mary i:. Wilson. 

iliS'iiMitis Anna S. French, 

Ihirlin^ton la 

'Tokyo .'., 

Cajtt-nnvia N. V 'Yonc/.a%va..,. 

Htllefontatne O jTokyu 

Delaware, " ....'. T;iUyn' 

ColehrfMik.t N* If 'NnK<iva.. >..... 

HiuiishnrK. I'a. Tokyi) . 

rliiladeUthia. I'n 'Hokrvilali . 

Maraihoh. la )Yokohnnia . 

Lincoln , Neb ^Voki'lianiii ... 

iMedericktown, (> Vokohamn.. 

Sioux City, la Senilai , 

Chftttaijoo({a. Tenn ...Nngoya ....... 

\V. SaliKbury, Masn ., iNanosaki.,.. 

N. W I 

N. Y...,..,J 
i.N H,.*... 
.V. Y. 



Cin ti ... 

X- Y 


N V 

\ \V . 

\. Y 

N, K 

Tope k a., 


Cin li 

N. Y 

N. Y 

N. H.. 

Oet M... 

In-, y 

(Cin ti... 

IN. f: 


;iMiibi , , 
;il»s .M . 



Den M 




iS;*;, Mn*. I'rof, Soijer, ChtcaKO. 
iKhj, Mm, Clias. Iilshop, Jnpnn. 
1^7*). Uieil July \, in Tokyo. 
iH>«), Kctired. 

i*i-^i, MrB. H. Chnpprll, Japan 
iK-S;, Mrs. J J yiiin, 

rNS.v Mrs. «',. \V i:imer. Mans. 

lKN6. RecHlle*! 

iN;i, Died January i.i. in Japan. 

iS'M^ Retired 

\H>^}, Retired 

\S>*,. Retited 

iW*), Mrn I'r<tf. I'.C Wilsoii.Tcnii. 

iKSy, Mrn Kob t Thomson, Iiipau. 

( \hhii. Mrs, I'roi J F, Itelknap, 

(iN^j, Died Sept. j;, in Japan. , 

iiSij.(, Hcitne on leave. 
'iStjj, Homeon leave. 
I'm;.', Dieil AuKtist .(I 

in Japan. 








tMtf>rt FliKiiltc-lh K Htriltlt-r. 

MKs Kllii Hlatkuloik. 

Will**. Mnrllm K Ti.vloi. 
MiKJt H HUh K«ir»»«-!.. 

MIhh <'if()rxiniin Hiiiicii'< 

Minn I.t-nuorn SrrilH 

Mi*!* r.iHCf Tiu-kt-r 

Mifis Jt'iiiiif K. I.'ickf 

IMihsSlHiy I>c Motle. 

MiHuCMrtu- A. Uriitmi 

jMi?*)* Flnreiicf 1-^ SiiiK<'i. 

Mis* MMiiitt S Alli-tt 

MUft I.nii* MiiV KliUell 

Mi*** Alite M Oltu, 

MitiK Irtne 

Mif>H Miirllin H Kn-^ell. 

iinwK ki:sU>HNVK 


Kl M \HKt* 

1V4MURJ.0H 1) Denning. 

iS74 MisH jeiitiie M Chapiii 

ih;^ •Mii.s CccfliH (iurlphf .. .. 

iSHo'tMrt*. K. J M ClrnuMitt 

iKSuMiTiS Julia K C.oodiriiouKli 

iHNi*tMts, I.. M Turncy 

in'n; Mish Mnrv Iv Howtu ,,... 

iKKS Mi«s Miniiic I- HviU- 

iKSyit MihK KUiV Wou.f 

l*»j tMi»» Relwcai J I!aiiiin«>nil 
i^g.S Miftw KlizalM-th i/ (.oixliii 

Mn^-lniiil . r>.k\r> Hall 

Shn<lrlniiil.| [ml .... rnkyi* Mm 11 

Kail Clairt'. Mi<.'h Ki(k>>'*'ii">" ^ ^^ 

kii>it'viltf rml K:i«i>-hiiini N \V 

I)!!!!*-!!. N. V , . Ilinifaki N Y 

. I>ciii\viirf , <* l-'iikuokii linti 

Rochftiter, N V l-iiknokn . N V 

. Vuk«>haiiia, Japan Tukvo ■*■' \y 

Jack^oiivillL- III Ankaituiriiyo IH;. M 

. SfviHOiit, IihI . Nniiova N \^ . 

rhila.lftiihia. fn llRLoilHli I'hihi 

. Chiinx". Ill NnKoyn N W 

NaxaHaki . Cinli 

Delaware, (> Yoiiexawa l)i s M 

HurliiiKtoii Vt Hirosaki N I-: 

S'Hpa. Cat \iiviiiiia I'arifii- 


. Normal. Ill Rosfirio N W .. 

. Cliic<Mtcc, Mh^s KnsHrio N KiiK- 

Muiile\i(lrn, S A Moiitcvidto N \V 

. Melrnpolis. Ill Moiitevi«U-o . .. N \V . . 

DaviNnii Mich Itiietio!) Avrts. N I'IIK.. 
, Katcni kppids. Midi Rosario ." Dc*. M 

Wiureii. K I M(tii|fviiifi» . N KilK 

. tjiiiiicy. Mii'li Munlt-viiico N W , 

Sinilli AiUfricH Peru \, Y... . 

, UliK- Hail, () , ; A»uiifinii Ciii'ti 

hnva I'fUi N. Y 

Mi- W I C. 

, Mrs |-liilli|.' 



I. (iipati 


IN^, Keth-ft) 

it«... Krlir<<l 

Ihv,, Died 1 

[•*si. Kftirt-<l 

|VS(,. Mi« I'TOI IIllllSDiCS A 

iv^:. Kilire.1 

iS),l, Mr* Dniilcl WiNim, f. S, 






I "74 









tMi?<»t Mary HttfttiiiKs CJifUcn, Marnt . 

Miss Susan M. Warner ^ 

.iPachiica . 
I I'uebia .... 

.iN. Y... 
. Cinti 

fMiKs Mary F. Swaney. , New BriKtitun, I'n .. i 

'Miss N. C. (>Ktlen SprinKficld. <> 

Miss Clnra MnUiner 'Ciinuleti. N J 

Miss M.trparei Klliotl , IMiiliuU-Iphia. I'a 

Miss Msirion HnK'>t>()<>i" liratllonl. I»h 

MinH K I,c liuray Siunniit. N J 

liillshoio, O .* 

. ChicitKo, 111 

Miss Lizzie Hcwctl 

TMiss Mary 1) l.oyd 
Miss I,. M. I.Hliuicr. 

MiHs Hattic I-- Ayrcs 

Miss Ntllie FicM a 

Miss Anna M. Rodcer' 

Mi.s.-( riieda A I'arker 

Miss \iina k. Linibcrgt-r .. 
Mtss Amelia Van I)or»tcn.. 

Miss hi.i It. Walton 

Miss Lillian NeiKt-r.. 

C.ikad. Mich 

IlilUbnrrt. O 

. Huston, Mass 

Mt rUasant. I'a 

, Maiilln, N, Y , 

PitiivilK-, I'a 


I'l> nmuih. Pa 

. Danville, hn).. 

tK42 Miss Kffif iMinniore ■ Aiiliurn C->riifr« pa 

, Mexico- 
Sail tiribo. S^A, 
, .Mfxic* 


.Mexico ^, 

jMcxico 1 

Unenosi A.,S.A, 












■ ■uanajuato 



Mrs. Deiismore, Ked 
WHng. Minn 

Top-k"! I '■^^^' Transferrtfl. 

ijiiSHo, Connectcsl with Tayl(»r> 
Mlnn^ work Ketired Ifom Mex- 
J ico isSn 
NY Si W^K-Sv Ketired 

I'liila iHS^. Mrs. K Wilhon, Mexico. 

IMiila 1HK4, Mariied 

I N. V I18HH. Transferred. 

Phila I 

\. K iS-ss, Retired. 

N, W '!»*»;<'. Transfet red 


..'i\^ Ketirotl 
. iM)f>, Miirrted 



N K 

IMula . 



N. w ! 

rhilfl 1S.M, Mnrriiil. 

\. W j««;i,. Marricii, 




!S9^ Miss Mary Sharp j |-;iniiia, N, Y Monrovia ... 'Western.: issi, Recalled. 

ii-jK>|MisH*Hmrn aM ich cner. . I'hil.uU-iphia . F a Bass o Fhila | Died December 11. S. Afrijj 


. Ivw f.; 



1 iULOARlA. 


iSS4 MtH« l.itiiia A Schciifk Ti-'eiiton. Mith 

l>y^7 MUs KIlH K l-iiiclioin ('etonkry. MUli 

iH^j.Mttfi Kate H. Hlarkhiirii .^ . . Jm-ksnuvillr, III 

iSy,( tMiKt I.ydta Diem..." .''. Hcriir. ^♦^vitJ:^.•| liiml 

i*M tMi-*** .Anielin I>ifin HtrriU'.jSwitZfiiniid 


N W 

!]N.«,. II 

illK' Oil leave 

. 'l.c.flch.i 

. N XV. 

. IVI. K. 

t i 1 t-il 

. I...ll.hii 

\ \V 


. I.,ilulin 

. \ w . . 


, l.,.fuhii 

N W 

; L 



iHSs'tMrs M P Scrnntoii 

l^^: Mih, Mctlii Mnwiinl. M I> 

1'-'^: tMi-it* Louisa C Kolhw^k-r. ... 

i>>M'iMisH Ko^fttu Slier\vood, M 1». 

isyiMU- KIta A. Lewis 

iS^i* Mi^•. MitrKMifl HeiiK'"! 

i^j Mts^ Itisepliinr o. rayiio 

isi.' MiHH Miirv »■'. Cutler. M Ii . 

i^'iOIi!**' M.irv A llarrif* 

IV* Mi-- l.ulii }■: 1-Hy 

(■^■^s tMiHH I'Miiiia M. Hall.. 
ivii Mi^^ M F. Vii'kefv ... 

.A'levelanii. <> Smnl 

Alhic.ii, Miih 


(.'inciiiiinti. O si-oiil 

I.ihertv, N Y 


New V(irk City 


ruiufvov. t> 


Iio.ston. MiiKK 


i'omeroy. O 


DelntVHTe. (> 


HelU-T'inliiinc. O . . 



Cnzenovin. N. Y Rntm- 

Kvaimvillc. Ind 


;n I-: ,N V 

N W . 

Cm (i .. 

iV', silk Melirt'l. V 

I is,i. Mis Krv \V J Hall. MI). 

i [ (' KiMea , i"«"is relired. 

, \ V iTraiiietl iiuisr 

Ciiili . . !W»i. Mr?* Kev.C. M Joiic^ Korea. 
In HiiK 

Cin . NY 


Cin.Uf .. 

N. W 
N \J 

ii'<»s lloiur oil leave. 

In Pkeparation. 




.jMisR JoNejiliiue M C'opp. M I' 

Misst Corliam 

.,Mi!4H AliiT Jiick.-nii. 
Mit*-* Aiiua Jtthn>.oii 

I'laiuville. Midi... 
Ne» Vnrk 

* Dei'eaheO t l'renclier<i' dauKlitei n. UaiightcrHof inlsHioitTieH. 

N.W . .. 'i'>:4. Died h>h ^. lieforc appoilt. 
. N. Y . ;''7:. Died alter n(>|Hiintttient 

Cinli Ii'i74. Died l>efore apiM>iuuneiit, 

■N W I'Vi. I>ied before aj>iK)i)itnient. 


432 IVOM.IX'S Fi>K/-:i(.N MlSSIOSAK'Y SoCIKI) . 


Missionarii-s, . 


I)cfoaSf'i. ... 




Daiinlitirs iif rrculirrs. 



DaiighttTs iif MJHsiuiiarii's 7 


Till-: (".riuial lAi-ciitivi- (.'cpininiltK- of tlic Woman's I'or- 
i-i^n Mis>ii»nar\ ScH-u-t\' lii-lil its annual si-ssioiis as 
foll.)vs : 

1-1^7. Ito^tun Mrts- 

V -1-71, ChicaKii, III 

\--\^!. NewVutk City 

t - 1"'"*. Ciiiciiiniiti, 

s ,S7i Pllil.lililplli.T IM 

■ IS7,. lUllolloli- M.l 
1-71. Wa-lHin; CM 11 I 

■^ i>77, Miiiljeiipiili*. Mjiiii. 
J l^7> Hostini \I:is> 
iT - i-^-x. Chicago 111 

1 1- iSNi. Col II 111 bus. o 

\! K^i. liiifTnlii. N V , .. , 
1',-iss.? I'hilndi-lpliiii. I';i 
1 1 ^ i^*';. I>t'S MiiiiH". la , 
ii~iM*4, nalliiiiiti.v Mil 

!• i^s^. I-Aiiiistoii IH 

17. isS(, rrtiviiU-iUf K I 
1^ - |KS7, Linrolii. Nt-h . , 

ig -.s-ss. Cincinnati. 1 ' 

.'i.-iss.,, Ilflroit. .\IkIi 

31 \^f' \ViIkfsl>ar»c I'a 
j.'-ivj[. Kansas City, Mn 
j( — |.<ij,'. Sjii iiiKlU'lll. Mass 
i.l— iVl. ^t. I'alil "lliiiil 
j'i— IS.J.1. Wasliiiifiton. 11 c . 



« III ratlin 

ilistiop KiiiKsky 

Ilisliop Clark 

I, 1) McCiil,,-, . 
l- r.. Ilil.liaiil 
l- A Cr-oL 
I' r, Ililil.Rnl 
1 Ir liiHHlriili 
W |- Wan til 
('. M Sti-il,- .. , 
W 1 Warrrll 
I- C, llilil.'ar.l 
\V 1- Warn II 
I. (. Mmpliy 
VV K, Waii.n 
1 K llitt 
\V I- AVa11.11 
.» I' I, , . 
• \V I' Waritn 
I N. Danrorlli . . 
\J' l- Wairtil 

J J 

« 1' Wirnii- 
W'archvi-U Cinlfli , 
A II 1-faloii 


~ W !■• Wainii 
«• !■■ \Va;^n;ii 
\t I VVairiii. 
R K Mncdilli 
J II K|lo»lf» 
K K Ilattt't- 
W 1 Warren 
I. II Williams 
J T C.rnccy. 
J r i-.rai.y 
A l.uwrty ' 
.1 r (Irni-ey 
I T. C.rHicy. 
J T I'.iaiiy 
f I* CtalMlun 
J II KiiMwlis 
J f l.iatiy 
J T C.rai-iy 
J r 'C.ra^y 
J I'l era 

List of Rkal Estate. 

Socil/rv, M. K. CHIRCII. 


Ajiiierc, School-liuililinK, 

AliKiirli, Sihocil-liiiildiiiK, 

Alinorali. Saiiilariiini 

liiiilaiiii. Siliool tniililiiij;.. 

Baicillv. lloiiir m acres) 

■ ■ Ilosiiilal', 


Bijudur. Scln>»»l 

Bdinliav, Iloiiif anrl Scliuul 

'Cawiiport'. Scli(>iiM)uil»iinj4. 


(ioiida. SolnK»l-l>uililinj;, ... 

Liu'kiuiw, Scln><)l-Iiuil(!ni>i 

Ilollll- . 


Honif tor l-riemiless, 
Woinaii's CoUcjjc. . , . . 

Moradaliail, S»'lii)ol-t>ialilin>;. . . ■ 

IltJUU* * . 

Meernt. Sili'Mil-lmililiiii.;. 

Mutlra. DiMtMHU's.s Ilonu- 

Naini Tai, lt(>arilinj.;-scIu)ol. 

r.iuri. < )rphaiia).;c. 

rilh(>rai.;arh.- U'lnie for I*'ri(.'ii<ilcss Wotnon, . . 

Sil.i]>on-. Iloariiiii;;-;-cli(K)I .... 

Shahjcliaiiporf. Itoavlin^-school 

llaiikraljail Hoiiic anil School 































2,1 «X) 


















Totiri . . '-• . . f i75.3'>'» Lo 


Chin-kiaiij;, Honu- hiiiI Hospital, - . ' "I.S.o*^ 00 

* Kooiliuu, ( )rphaii.ii;t', 4,(>w of) 

'■ fVirls' l^tar'lin^•-^choo] ijl.5<x> 00 

Two ni>s]m.(ls 7.(,)UO 00, • , 7.000 00 

Xaiikiiii;, School 4,000 00 




434 H^fl.VAJv's FoKEiay Missionary Society. 

I'l-kiiiK, Nome and School. . f I4.3<»> <x) 

Tiiiitsiii, Hospital, IJ,(««) oo 

Home M. ,S.i««> oo 

Tbhii Hiia*'! Ionic Hnir«>clin<il .^ 4,1100 00 

Hosi)ilal * J.iioo 00 

Total i^l.'^^o 00 


.\ovania, School Tokyo, JiJ.oooiio 

Tsiikiji. " '■ jo,ooo 00 . 

Hakoilati, Home ami School 11,000 i» 

i'ukuoka W«> 00 

Na){a*aki U.ino i«i 

Viikohama 4 ■ ^.^*i 00 

Nagova V'»» o" 

Total |67,'"i" 00 

■ KlIKUA. 

lIiiUH- aflto|i-lio<il f.S.<»»> 00 

Cli^iinl. ' , 5IK1 or) 

Total f7..V» 00 

Muxic-o, • 

Mexico Citv, Oriiliaiia.KC, $32,00000 

ra);liiiia. Home Scluxil ,■ ■ ii,f»JiJ0O 

I'luKlii, " ■' j6,t«x) no 

Total * . . . fh<j,<x)o 00 

Sill TH .\MK(iIlA. 

Monteviilio, Hoiuc anil Scliool . fji,(XK) 00 

Ro>ario, " lo.oijo 00 

Total fjl.KK) 00^ 

Ht i.r.vKiA. 

I.oftcha, Home and Scjiool $6,500 00 


Rome. School- Propert\ V ■ fi.'>.'*» "o 

Zenana Taper I'nnd, invested in this Country . . . fJS.oookOp^ 

List of Kbai. Estatb. 435 


India, "^ . . $1-S,.^«>n <« 

China 77.'*i»' <» 

Japan ...... 67,<X)o oo 

Kort-a 7.5<»> «) 

Mi-xiro 69,000 00 

Soulli AniiTicn. ^i.iiori oo 

Bulv'iiria ": . . .«) ix) 

Itiih- • 15"'"' <>" 

^rotal : f4.|9.i'»> <o 

A'lilinjfZtnana Paper Funil 35,i>cio fio 

C.ranil Total J474.''^> '» 

.Mi:Mi!i:Rsini's anu schoi.aksiiii's in tiii-: w i- m s. 

Tin- iiayitu'iit I'f OIK' iliillar a year or tnci it nrt a witk I'onsli- 

tiiu-> nic-iiil>i'rshi])._ 
Tin- pavniinl of twciiiy ilollars i on-titults a ihtmim a lift- 

Tlic paynitnt of ont- luimlrcil ilollars i-on~UtiiHs an iKJiiorary 

life nianafur 
Tin- payilieut of ttirtc Imnilrrd ilollars constitiitfs an Imnor- 

AW lift* patron. 
Twtiityllve dollars siipports an orphan in Irnlia. 
I'orty ilollars supports an orphan in Jajian, 
Sevfnti ilollars supports an orphan in Mexit-o. 
Sixt\ ilollars supjiorts a Kihle rt-aiU-r in India. • 


^i^ '■- 



Mks. KMM/rSlODKK SciiTT has reii(lcrL<l incalciiatile si-rv- 
ice in tlie prepariitioii of a Iliniliistaiuc Tuiie-book, har- 
iii(>iii«:jiig till' principal native airs siinj; inutile missions of 
North India. It was a heroiilfaii task, involving sonu* three 
years of time and no inconsiileralile expense. The nmsioian 
will find much of interest in examining these (juaint Oriental 
airs, even tfioiixh he may regard them as nierij curiosities in 


Mks. K. T. CiiWK.N, in 1S9S, prepared a History of the Cin- 
cinnati Ilranch. Wihic^i was pnldished by the Uranch. 

Thk;van Homk at Newton, Mass., for missionaries' 
children, niaile possilile through the generosity of lions. 
Jacoh SWeper and .\lden Si)eare. was placed under the man- 
agenieul of the Society in i8y.|; and the following yi»pr Miss 
Emma I.. Harvey, whose health ilid not^iermit h'-r return to 
India, hecanie superintendent of the Home, with a family of 
from six to fourteen persons.