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Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Octavo Publications. No. XXXI. 

THE PRIORY 

3 

_ .. 

OF 

SAINT RADEGUND 

CAMBEIDGE 

BY 

ARTHUR GRAY, M.A. 

FELLOW 01 




(ZDambrfoge : 

IMtlNTKI) FOR THK ( AMI!l{lI)(;i: ANTUir.VHIAX SOCIETY. 

SOLD BY DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. ; AND MACMILLAN & BOWES. 
LONDON, GEORGE BELL AND SONS. 

1898 

Price Five Shillings. 



THE PRIORY 



OF 



SAINT RADEGUND 
CAMBBJDGE 



HE PRIORY 



OF 



SAINT RADEGIUND 



CAMBRIDGE 



BY 



ARTHUR GRAY, M.A. 

I 
FELLOW OF JESUS COLLEOE, CAMBRIDGE. 




ODambrfoge : 

PRINTED FOR THE CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 

SOLD BY DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. ; AND MACMILLAN & BOWES. 

LONDON, GEORGE BELL AND SONS. 

1898 



vTambriDgr : 

PRINTED BY J. AHD C. F. CLAY, 
AT TIIK rXrVKBRITT PRKHB. 



PREFACE. 



WHEN this publication was first projected I had hopes that 
the portion of it relating to the buildings of the Nunnery 
would have been, wholly or in part, furnished by my friend, 
Mr T. D. Atkinson. Though Mr Atkinson's engagements have 
prevented him from taking so large a part in the work as 
was originally contemplated, I gratefully acknowledge the 
assistance he has throughout given me both in exploration 
of sites and buildings and in placing at my disposal his notes 
and suggestions. 

The extent of my indebtedness to the Architectural History 
is, I hope, apparent in the section dealing with the Nunnery 
buildings. But my principal obligation to the Registrary is 
not of the kind that can be acknowledged in a footnote. 
Without his suggestion this work would never have been 
written ; without the advantage of his counsel and knowledge 
it would have been much more imperfect than it is. 

Among other friends who have given me valuable help 
are Prof. Maitland, Prof. Skeat, the Rev. J. H. Crosby, Minor 
Canon of Ely, and the Rev. O. Fisher, Honorary Fellow of 
Jesus College and Rector of Harlton. 

The Catalogue of Charters here printed includes only such 
as relate to property situated in the town and fields of 
Cambridge. I have not deemed it worth while to give 
abstracts of those which are concerned with . the scattered 
holdings of the Nuns in other places. The Catalogue remark- 
ably supplements the very detailed information about medieval 
Cambridge which is supplied by the Hundred Rolls. Com- 
bining what is to be learnt from each source it would be no 



vi PREFACE. 

difficult task to make a very complete directory of the town in 
the last quarter of the 13th century. The witnesses to the 
Charters in most cases were the mayor and four bailiffs with 
two or three occupants of property adjoining the tenement 
in question. I have generally given the name of the first 
witness only. 

Extracts of some length from the Account Rolls were given 
in the First Report of the Historical MSS. Commissioners: 
the accounts in full are here printed for the first time. They 
furnish some interesting materials for illustrating life in an 
English Nunnery at the close of the middle ages. In the 
earlier and more prosperous years to which they introduce 
us, it is a life wholly untinged by the influences of the 
University. The Nuns were drawn from the families of the 
better class burgesses and lesser gentry of the county, and 
their habits and education were those of their class. The 
town and its religious houses still occupied in their outlook 
a far larger space than the University. The ' good friendship ' 
of the Chancellor in a matter, perhaps, of arbitration with a 
College was appropriately recompensed in the year 1449 
1450 with a present of a crane, value twelve pence; it is 
set in quaint juxtaposition with the Christmas box to the 
Mayor's waits, who receive the magnificent sum of 2s. 3d. The 
proportion of the two sums is possibly an indication of the 
relative consequence io the Nuns' thoughts of the academic 
and municipal corporations, both of which, it may be observed, 
had an origin long subsequent to that of their own establish- 
ment. 

On the debated subject of the date of the first emergence 
of a University at Cambridge the S. Radegund's charters 
throw no light. Among the variety of tenants mentioned in 
the deeds of the 12th and 13th centuries there is no individual 
or corporation whose name or description suggests connection 
with an organized community of scholars. The surnames of 
the tenants previous to 1300 indicate that they were almost 
exclusively from the neighbourhood of Cambridge. Of migrants 
from Oxford or scholars from over sea there is no hint ; the 



PREFACE. Vll 

Jews were the only strangers to Cambridge with whom the 
Nuns had acquaintance in those early days. A solitary 
' Scolemayster ' (Charters 157, 158), who dwelt hard by the 
site on which Peterhouse afterwards rose, represents the 
learning of Cambridge in the first years of the 13th century. 
Possibly he was connected with a monastic school. 

Before taking leave of my subject I should not forget to 
mention two members of my College who have worked in the 
same field in generations by-gone. John Sherman's History 
of Jesus College (written about the year 1666) is introduced 
by a sketch of the History of the Nunnery which he entitles 
Reliquiae Sanctae Radegundis sive Fragmenta quaedam His- 
toriae Prioratus. Sherman had made a faithful study of the 
Nunnery muniments. He is generally accurate and, as he may 
have had before him documents which are not now discoverable, 
it is possible that he is right in some matters about which 
I have supposed him to be mistaken. But I do not think 
that since his time there has been any noteworthy subtraction 
from the Jesus muniments. Well protected from damp, dust 
and insects, they have probably profited by the neglect in 
which they have generally lain for 200 years. About the middle 
of last century their repose was disturbed by the careful hands 
of Dr Lynford Caryl, who was Master of Jesus, 1758 1780, 
and Registrary of the University from 1751 to 1758. He 
arranged and catalogued them in a very exact and methodical 
manner. Among his merits not the least was that of writing 
in a very clear and beautiful hand. I have discovered some 
fifty charters of Nunnery date which escaped his notice, but 
none of them are of much importance. When the present 
Treasury was built in 1875 and the documents were transferred 
to it, some of them were misplaced, and for a time I supposed 
them to be lost. But gradually all, or nearly all, those 
mentioned in Dr Caryl's catalogue have found their way back 
to their places. 

ARTHUR GRAY. 

JESUS COLLEGE, 
October, 1898. 




Fig. I. SKAL OP THE PBIOBY. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 



1. Foundation and connection with the See of Ely. 

THE establishment, near Cambridge, of the cell of Bene- 
dictine nuns which was later known as the Priory of S. Mary 
and S. Radegund seems to date from the earliest years of the 
reign of King Stephen. There is no evidence to fix the precise 
year of its institution but it is fairly certain that it falls within 
the episcopate of Nigellus, who succeeded the first bishop, 
Hervey, in the see of Ely in 1133. 

The Priory seems to have had no charter of foundation, nor 
is there any extant record of its first endowment. Such pro- 
perty as it possessed in early days was acquired gradually and 
in comparatively small parcels. Even the endowments which 
it derived from royal benefactors such as the Countess Con- 
stance and Malcolm of Scotland were not so important as to 
entitle the donors to be regarded in any sense as founders or 
patrons. 

It is true that in the letters patent of Henry VII for the 
dissolution of the Nunnery and the erection of the College in 
its room it is asserted evidently on the representation of 
Bishop Alcock that S. Radegund's Priory was 'of the founda- 
tion and patronage of the Bishop, as in right of his cathedral 
church of Ely/ This was, I believe, the first and only occasion 
on which such a claim was advanced by a bishop of Ely, and, 
having regard to the circumstances under which it was made, 
I do not think that much importance should be attached to it. 
In the charter which the Lady Margaret obtained, a few years 
C. A. 8. Octavo Series. 1 



2 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

later, from Henry VII for the conversion of S. John's Hospital 
into the College of S. John it is similarly stated that the 
House or Priory of religious brethren of S. John the Evangelist 
in Cambridge was ' of the foundation and patronage of James 
(Stanley), Bishop of Ely, as in right of his cathedral church.' 
In this latter case the statement is historically inaccurate, for 
the founder of the Hospital was unquestionably Henry Frost, 
burgess of Cambridge, though Bishop Nigellus had been a 
liberal benefactor to it and the Hundred Rolls show that, as 
early as the reign of Henry III, Bishop Hugh de Norwold 
claimed, as patron, the right of nominating the master. As 
regards the Nunnery the full details supplied by the Ely 
Episcopal Registers show that in the election of their Prioress 
the Nuns exercised a free choice, unfettered by reference to 
the wishes of a patron and subject only to the approval of the 
Bishop of Ely as diocesan. The motive which prompted the 
Bishops to assert their questionable claim to the patronage of 
either establishment was perhaps a double one to make it 
clear to the King and to the Pope that no private rights of 
patronage were invaded by the dissolution of an ancient 
religious house, and to acquire for the Bishops of Ely, as 
visitors of the new foundations, a guiding influence in the 
development of the University. 

Though the Nunnery was not perhaps, in strictness, 
founded by a bishop of Ely it is clear that its origin and early 
growth was intimately connected with the see and particularly 
with Bishop Nigellus (1133-1169). It was he who endowed it 
with a portion of the site on which the Nuns 1 original ' cell ' 
was raised ; of the principal benefactions to the newly estab- 
lished house three were protected by his charters and it seems 
likely that they were procured by his influence. Geoffrey 
Ridel, who succeeded Nigellus in the bishopric in 1174, appro- 
priated to the Nuns the rectory of All Saints in the Jewry, 
Cambridge, and the connection with the see of Ely was main- 
tained by Bishop Eustace (1197-1220), who gave the Nuns 
additional lands adjoining the Priory and bestowed on them 
the rectory of S. Clement's. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 



2. Early charters. Grant of Bishop Nigellus. 

The earliest in date of the Nuns' charters now extant in 
the treasury of Jesus College is probably that of Bishop 
Nigellus, addressed ' to all barons and men of S. Etheldrytha, 
cleric or lay, French or English/ in which for a rent of twelve 
pence he grants 'to the Nuns of the cell lately established 
without the vill of Cantebruge' certain land adjoining land 
belonging to the same cell (Charters, 1). The position of 
the land given by the Bishop is not specified in the charter, 
but it is safe to assume that it adjoined the cell and was 
identical with the four acres which, according to the statement 
of the Hundred Rolls (Vol. 2, p. 858), were given to the Nuns 
by Nigellus and were next the ten acres given them by King 
Malcolm as a site for their church. It is likely that the rent 
reserved by the Bishop represented the full letting- value of 
the land, since for the adjoining ten acres Malcolm stipulated 
in his first charter for a rent of two shillings. At some later 
date, Nigellus, like Malcolm, acquitted the Nuns of payment 
of rent, for the Hundred Rolls state that the Bishop gave them 
the land in pure and perpetual alms and show that they paid 
no rent for any of the land which they occupied in the Priory 
precincts. 

There is nothing in this charter of Nigellus which would 
warrant any definite conclusions as to its date. As the Bishop 
did not die until 1169 it is of course possible that it is of later 
date than Malcolm's grant, and that the land mentioned by the 
Bishop as adjoining that which he gave to the Nuns and as 
already in their tenure was in fact no other than Malcolm's ten 
acre plot. The evidence of the Hundred Rolls might be held 
to countenance this view, for they mention Malcolm's grant 
before that of Nigellus and in such a way as seems to imply 
that the jurors supposed the King's grant to be the earlier in 
date *. On the other hand the vagueness of the description of 

1 H. R. Vol. ii. p. 358. ' Item predicte Priorissa et Moniales tenent quatuor 
acras terre iacentes iuxta terrain predictam (i.e. the ten acres given by King 

12 



4 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

the Nunnery as a ' cell lately instituted ' is more consistent 
with the view that the establishment was in an inchoate stage 
and had received no distinctive title or dedication. In the 
charters in which he confirms the endowments given by 
William le Moyne and Stephen de Sealers Nigellus gives the 
Nunnery the style, which after Malcolm's gift was the usual 
one, of ' the Church and Nuns of S. Mary and S. Radeguml.' 



3. Grant of William le Moyne and Confirmation 
by King Stephen. 

The earliest of the Nuns' charters which can be dated with 
any precision is one given them by King Stephen confirming 
to ' the Church and Nuns of S. Mary of Cantebr. the grant 
made to them by William Monachus, aurifaber, of two virgates 
of land and six acres of meadow with four cottars (cotariis) 
with their holding in Shelford, in alms, for the soul of King 
Henry and for the faithful in God' (Charters, 2a). This 
charter is tested by William Martel, the King's dapifer, who 
played so prominent a part on the King's side in the struggle 
with the Empress, and by Reginald de Warenne. It is un- 
dated, but the circumstance that it was given 'apud Mapertes 
halam in obsidione ' enables us pretty definitely to assign it to 
the month of January 1138 and brings to light a historical 
fact, unnoticed by chroniclers, to which attention was first 
drawn by Mr Howlett in his edition of the Gesta Stephani for 
the Rolls Series (Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen &c. Vol. 3). 
Mapertes hala is Meppershall, near Shefford, in Bedfordshire. 
King Stephen, as the anonymous writer of the Gesta Stephani 
records, kept the Christmas feast of 1137 at Dunstable, and 
then 'emensis festivis diebus Dominicae festivitatis ' attacked 

Malcolm) quam quidem terrain habent de dono Nigelli Elyensis Episcopi qui 
quidem Nigellus dedit eisdem in pura et perpetua elemosina. B. quondam 
Prior Elyensia et Conventus Elyensis Ecclesie dictam donacionem eisdem moni- 
alibus factam concesserunt et confirmaverunt.' The initial B. is apparently a 
mistake : Bentham's list in his History of Ely, pp. 215 foil., mentions no Prior 
of Ely before the date of the H. R. whose name began with B. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 5 

Bedford Castle, held by Milo de Beauchamp, who had refused 
the King's summons to surrender it. Milo's obstinate resist- 
ance compelled the King to turn the siege into a blockade, but 
the castle was surrendered apparently about the middle of 
January 1138, for by Feb. 2 the King had reached Northum- 
berland, whither he had been called by an invasion of the 
Scotch. ' The chronicles mention no such event as a siege at 
Meppershall ; but there exists at the present day, close to the 
church of this small Bedfordshire village, a high mound with a 
double line of outer ramparts answering in the clearest way to 
the type of the hastily-built, stockaded "castles" of this reign. 
Stephen, it thus appears, had to capture this outpost, perhaps 
during the siege of Bedford in 1138V 

The grant of William Monachus which is confirmed by 
Stephen's charter may have been made a year or two before 
1138. King Henry I, whose soul it was designed to benefit, 
died Dec. 1135. The land to which the charter refers is 
situated in Great Shelford parish ; it is still in the possession of 
Jesus College and known as 'the Nuns' lands.' The Domesday 
Survey of Cambridgeshire shows that it formed a portion of a 
larger estate consisting of three hides and valued at 5 annual 
rent. In the Confessor's time it had belonged to * Herald 
Comes,' afterwards King Harold. After the Conquest it passed 
into the hands of King William, of whom, at the time of the 
Domesday Survey, it was held ad firmam by Peter de Valongies 2 
who was apparently a kinsman of William Monachus, or le 
Moyne, as his family was otherwise known 8 . From a charter 

1 The Meppershall earthworks are marked in the Ordnance Map as 'The 
Hills.' Mr Seebohm, who gives a small plan of them in The English Village 
Community, p. 426, supposes them to be of Saxon origin, possibly a 'toot-hill.' 
Mr Hewlett compares this charter of King Stephen with another, dated 1138, 
' apud Goldintonam in obsidione Bedeford,' Goldington being a village a few 
miles from Bedford. 

2 This Peter de Valongies, or Valoines, is said to have been a nephew of the 
Conqueror, and was founder, circa 1104, of Binham Priory, Norfolk. A Peter 
de Selford was Prior of Binham in 1244. 

3 II. R. Vol. ii. p. 545, 'Dicuut quod dominus Johannes le Moyne, ante- 
cessor dicte Agnetis de Walenc' dedit in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 



6 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

of Nicolas, son of William le Moyne, we gather that the 
Shelford land came to his father by free gift of King Henry I. 
Apparently it was bestowed on him in recognition of his 
services and skill as an aurifaber, for he held it by goldsmith's 
serjeanty, and at the date of the Hundred Rolls Inquisition 
the lady Agnes de Valence retained a large portion of the 
same estate by the singular service of makiug up and repairing 
the King's crown when required *. 

From the designation of the Nuns' establishment in 
Stephen's charter as ' Ecclesia et Sauctimoniales Sancte Marie 
de Cantebr.' it would seem that the original church which 
was served by the Nunnery during the first twenty years of its 
existence and either made way for or was incorporated in the 
building which rose on the site given by King Malcolm was 
dedicated to S. Mary only. After the foundation of the new 
church the charters use the fuller style of ' Nuns of S. Mary 
and S. Radegund.' But the church in strictness seems to have 
kept the older single dedication even after Malcolm's time, for, 
as late as 1285, a tenement in Radegund (i.e. Jesus) Lane is 
described in a deed as lying ' in the parish of the Blessed Mary 
of the Priory of S. Radegund.' The Priory apparently took its 
name from a chapel of 8. Radegund which is mentioned in an 
early undated deed and which seems to have been in the 
portion of the church reserved to the use of the Nuns. 
Gradually the original dedication came to be forgotten, and in 

Mouialibus Sancte Radegundis Ix acras terre ad sustinendum j noneam im- 
perpetuum.' Anttcetsor here perhaps means no more than 'predecessor in 
the title.' At the time of the Hundred Rolls Inquisition another John le Moyne, 
distinguished by the local agnomen, Atteasse (i.e. at the Ash), was a free tenant 
of the lady Agnes de Valence at Great Shelford. 

1 Red Book of the Exchequer (Rolls Series), Vol. n. p. 630, 'Willelmus 
Monachns, iij hidas in Selforde per serjanteriam aurifabriae.' II. R. Vol. n. 
p. 545, ' Domina Agnes de Walaunc' tenet j mcssuagiura cum gardino conti- 
nente iij acras et viij" acras terre et de prato vj acras et tenet de domino Rege 
in capite per sergantiam et non est geldabilis non debet sectam neque auxilium 
Vicecomiti nich.il aliud reddit set crit ultra (?) Coronara domini Regis quando 
debet cenfici vel reparari et habebit totidem ij" ad vadia sua,' &c. Domesday 
affords several instances of royal grants of land to goldsmiths : see Freeman's 
Norman Conquest, Vol. iv. pp. 41, 85, on the subject. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 7 

later times both parish and Nunnery were commonly called 
S. Radegund's. Evidence of the earlier dedication is to be 
seen in the fact recorded in the Hundred Rolls that King 
Stephen granted by charter to the Nuns a fair lasting for two 
days, viz. the vigil and the feast of the Assumption of the 
Blessed Mary. Fairs, as is well known, originated in most 
cases in the gatherings of worshippers or pilgrims about sacred 
places, and especially in the neighbourhood of religious houses, 
and were held on the feast-day of the saint to whom the church 
or shrine was dedicated. 

The grant of William Monachus was confirmed to the Nuns 
by Nigellus, but as the Bishop's charter (Charters, 26) desig- 
nates the Nunnery as dedicated to S. Mary and S. Radegund 
it would seem that it was not given until many years after the 
original grant. The long interval is accounted for by the 
outbreak of the civil war in 1139. Nigellus, from his active 
partizanship in the cause of the Empress, had little time to 
attend to the affairs of his diocese, from which he was absent 
with only brief intervals until his reconciliation with Stephen 
in 1144, and until the accession of Henry II he is said to have 
lived in retirement. His charter cannot be of much later date 
than 1160, in or about which year died William (of Laventon), 
the first archdeacon of Ely, whose name is among the witnesses, 
and it can scarcely be so early as 1157, the earliest date to 
which it is possible to assign Malcolm's first charter. 

All the facts which are ascertainable about William 
Monachus show that his relations with the Bishop were of an 
intimate kind and point to the probability that the Bishop's 
influence contributed to procure his benefaction to the Nuns. 
The Historia Eliensis * reveals him to us as one of a group of 
men, lay and cleric, who formed a Bishop's party in opposition 
to the Ely monks, who favoured Stephen's side in the war and 
had special grounds for complaint against the Bishop for 
appropriating -the funds of the convent and the treasures of 
S. Etheldreda's shrine to defray the expenses entailed by his 

1 This portion of the Historia Eliensis is printed (with abridgment) in 
Wharton's Anglia Sacra, Vol. i. p. 615 foil. 



8 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

opposition to the King. Richard of Ely, the writer of this 
portion of the Historia Eliensis, took the monastic side of the 
quarrel and dwells with particular satisfaction on the exemplary 
afflictions which overtook the Bishop and his confederates in 
the spoliation. But William Monachus, we are told, lived to 
make some amends for the sacrilege which is laid to his charge, 
and the picture of his end is touched with a kindlier hand. 
' With axes, hammers and every implement of masonry he 
profanely assailed the shrine and with his own hand robbed it 
of its metal. But he lived to repent it bitterly. He, who had 
once been extraordinarily rich and had lacked for nothing, was 
reduced to such an extreme of poverty as not even to have the 
necessaries of life. At last, when he had lost all and knew 
not whither to turn himself, by urgent entreaty he prevailed 
on the Ely brethren to receive him into their order, and there 
with unceasing lamentation, tears, vigils and prayers deploring 
his guilt, he ended his days in a sincere penitence.' He was 
alive in 1153-4 when, along with Nigellus, he witnessed the 
charter of the Countess Constance. 

In the lifetime of William Monachus, and at his request, 
his son Nicolas re-granted to the Nuns the land given them 
by his father, which in the deed is stated to consist of 
55 acres, together with 1 .1 acre of meadow and one acre 
whereon to build barns and cattle-sheds ; and he further 
promised five acres, for which they had petitioned, as soon as 
he could get them. The Nuns however seem not to have 
acquired undisputed possession of their property until Henry 
III, 31, when John le Moyne, in consequence of an assize 
trial at Cambridge, assigned to them in perpetual alms a 
portion of the estate consisting of 50 acres. The Hundred 
Rolls state that the Nuns' estate at Shelford consisted of 60 
acres and was given to them by John le Moyne to maintain 
one nun for ever. In this statement from the facts above 
given it would appear that there is an error either in the 
Christian name of the donor or in the number of the acres 
given. Nor do I know how it is to be reconciled with a 
deed of Edward I, 29, in which Agnes de Valence, lady of 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 9 

Offaley and Bailluel 1 , renounced the claim to place two nuns 
in the Priory, which she exercised in right of lands held of 
her by the Nuns in Great Shelford. Beyond ten acres held 
by annual service to the Bishops of Ely the only land at 
Shelford in the occupation of the Nuns was that derived 
originally from William Monachus. 



4. Grant of the Countess Constance. 

The next in order of time of the Nunnery charters is that 
of the Countess Constance, widow of King Stephen's only son, 
Eustace of Boulogne. It grants to the Nuns in perpetual alms 
exemption from hagable and langable for all their lands within 
and without the Borough, whether already acquired or here- 
after to be acquired, and also gives them all the h'shing right 
and water belonging to the Borough as freely as they had been 
held by her husband and herself. The grant of the Countess 
is for the souls of her husbaml, Eustace, and Stephen's Queen, 
Maud, and for the good estate of King Stephen. Queen Maud 
died in May, 1152, Eustace in August, 1153, King Stephen in 
October, 1154. The charter therefore belongs to the period 
between the last two dates. Two undated charters confirm 
that of the Countess the first given by King Stephen 'apud 
Cantebrig,' the other by Bishop Nigellus. In all three charters 
the Nuns are styled ' Sanctimoniales de Cantebrig/ without 
dedication. 

Independently of their relation to the history of the Nun- 
nery these charters have a special interest in connection with 
the subject of the firma burgi of Cambridge. Hagable, i.e. 
haga-gafol, a payment for a haw or messuage in a town, and 
langable, i.e. land-gafol, payment for land occupied by a 
burgess in the common fields, formed an important part of the 
customs (consuetudines) of the town. At the time of the 

1 Philip of Valognes, Chamberlain of Scotland, had a grand-daughter, Lora, 
who married Henry de Balliol, a cousin of King John Balliol. Offaley is Offley, 
near Hitchin, a manor which once belonged to the Balliols of Barnard Castle. 
Bailleul, near Lille, was a fief of the same family. 



10 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

Domesday Survey the town of Cambridge formed part of the 
royal demesne and its customs were farmed of the King by the 
sheriff. It is doubtfully asserted by Cooper 1 that the farm of 
the borough was granted to the burgesses, as the King's 
tenants in capite, by Henry I, they paying to him the same 
sum as the sheriff had been accustomed to render. If such a 
grant was actually made it seems to have terminated with the 
life of that King, and the concession of immunity from hagable 
and langable which Constance made to the Nuns clearly implies 
that in Stephen's reign the fee-farm belonged to her husband 
and herself. The alienation in perpetuity to the Nuns of a 
portion of the customs shows that the fee-farm had been 
granted to the heirs of Eustace and Constance as well as to 
themselves. There were however no children of the marriage, 
and in the early years of Henry II the borough was again in 
the King's possession and farmed by the sheriff. In 1185 it 
was granted to the burgesses at farm by Henry II and con- 
tinued to be farmed by them in the reign of Richard I*. When 
the fee-farm of the borough was granted to the burgesses in 
perpetuity by King John in 1207 the rights acquired by the 
Nuns from Constance seem to have suffered some curtailment. 
The immunity from hagable for lands ' hereafter to be acquired ' 
could hardly extend to property acquired subsequently to the 
transfer of the hagable rental to the burgesses, and it is there- 
fore not surprising to find from the Great Inquisition of 
Edward I in 1278 and the Nuns' accounts in 1449-50 and 
1481-2 that they were then charged with certain hagable 
rents. Moreover King John's charter expressly included among 
the appurtenances of the Burgus 'mills, pools and waters 8 ,' 
and it is certain that at the date of the Hundred Rolls Inquisi- 
tion the Nuns had no exclusive rights in the river waters, for 
the jurors affirmed that the burgesses then had a common 
piscaria in the common waters belonging to the vill of 
Cambridge. Nevertheless the charter of Constance was not 
inoperative, for it is rehearsed and confirmed in a charter of 

1 Cooper, Annals, Vol. i. p. 22. 

1 Ibid. pp. 28, 29. Ibid. p. 33. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 11 

Edward II, dated in the seventh year of his reign (Charters, 8). 
The fishing rights claimed by the Nuns seem however to have 
been limited to a certain portion of the river, beyond the 
limits of the old borough, which as late as 1505 was known 
as Nunneslake. A sixteenth century list of the Nuns' muni- 
ments describes the charter of Edward II, above mentioned, 
as 'a grant of y e fishinge alonge by Jesus Greene.' In 1505 
it was decided that the fishing in Nunneslake belonged to the 
town. 

It is probable that the fee-farm of Cambridge was held by 
Constance in right of dower. Cambridge was among the towns 
usually assigned in dower to the Queens of England and other 
ladies of the royal family l . Queen Catharine, consort of 
Charles II, was the last English Queen who held the fee- farm 
of Cambridge. Except in the case of Constance the settlement 
seems always to have been for life. King Stephen had en- 
deavoured to get his son Eustace crowned in 1152, and, though 
he failed in this purpose, Constance is said in after times to 
have borne the title of Queen 8 . The title Venerabilis given to 
her in the charter of Nigellus is probably a quasi-recognition 
of her claim to be regarded as Queen. It was applied to 
French kings (v. Ducange, s.v.) and more especially (with the 
variant Veneranda) to queens of the Norman period: e.g. 
Sarum Charters (Rolls Series) p. 17, 'Adelizae venerandae et 
illustris Angliae reginae cancellarius.' 



5. First Charter of King Malcolm IV. The Grenecroft 

site. 

The first charter of King Malcolm IV, which is the next in 
order of date, is addressed " to all his men cleric and lay of the 
Honour of Huntedon" and gives to the Nuns of Grantebrige ten 
acres of land next Grenecroft in alms and to found (ad fun- 
dendam) thereon their church ; it reserves to the King a rent 

1 See Cooper's Annals under the years 1235, 1353, 1465, 1495. 
8 Stubbs, Const. Hist. Vol. i. p. 341. 



12 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

of two shillings, which his minister is directed to offer at the 
altar of the same church. The charter is dated ' apud Hunted ' 
and still has attached to it in white wax the royal seal bearing 
on the obverse side the figure of a king enthroned, on the 
reverse a mounted warrior. The Honour, or earldom, of 
Huntingdon which included the county of Cambridge was 
conferred on Malcolm in the latter half of 1157. Among the 
witnesses is Herbert, Bishop of Glasgow, who died 1104. 
Sherman in his MS. Historia Collegii Jesu (written temp. 
Charles II) states that among the College archives he had 
seen a charter of Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury, con- 
firming Malcolm's grant. No such charter is now extant nor 
is it included in the oldest registers of the Nunnery deeds, 
though as these early registers (written temp. Queen Elizabeth) 
are by no means complete the fact that it is not contained in 
them must not be taken as conclusive that it did not then 
exist Sherman possibly had in mind an inspeximas of Arch- 
bishop Stephen Langton (Charters, 4d) which confirms charters 
of Theobald, Becket and Nigellus, though it does not connect 
them with Malcolm's gift But as Becket's charter, which is 
still extant, mentions 'in particular (nominatim) the King of 
Scotland's grant' Sherman was in any case probably right in 
assuming that Theobald's referred to the same matter. As 
Theobald died in 1161 the years 1157-1161 mark the limits 
within which it is possible to date Malcolm's charter. 

There is no extant charter of Nigellus confirming Malcolm's 
benefaction, but the charter of Thomas Becket above referred 
to is still in the College treasury. It was apparently written 
in the lifetime of Malcolm, for he is mentioned in it merely as 
' Rex Scocie,' without name. Its date therefore falls between 
1162, when Becket became archbishop, and 1165, the year of 
Malcolm's death. It pretty certainly refers to Malcolm's earlier 
charter for in it the Nuns are described simply as ' Sanctimo- 
niales de Cantebrug 1 .' 

1 Becket's charter is witnessed by Robert, Archdeacon of Oxford (i.e. 
Becket's friend, Rob. Foliot, afterwards Bishop of Hereford), Philipp' de Caun 
(i.e. of Calne, Becket's manciple and co-exul in 1165-6), Herbert de Boseham 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 13 

This charter of Malcolm is the earliest which specifies the 
position of the Nunnery as being ' next Grenecroft,' though 
the probability is that it had been established there from the 
first. Grenecroft, now generally called Midsummer Common, 
lies wholly within the parish of S. Andrew, Barnwell, and 
outside the limits of the original borough of Cambridge, 
whence we find the Nunnery frequently described as being 
' near ' or ' without ' the borough. In part at least it consisted 
of marsh land and from the earliest historical times it appears 
to have been the common pasture land of the townsmen of 
Cambridge. The district which bounded it on its western side, 
in S. Clement's parish, went by the name of Huhnus, 'the 
holm,' or island ; its eastern extremity towards Barnwell Priory 
was called Estenhale. On its southern side it was skirted by 
the higher ground traversed by the road entering Cambridge, 
from the direction of Bury S. Edmund's, which at different 
points of its course was known as Barnwell Causey and Rade- 
gund's or Nuns' Lane. The ground occupied by the Nunnery 
and its precincts, called Nunnescroft, had for its boundaries 
the road, the common and the King's Ditch. A portion of it 
adjoining the angle made by Jesus Lane with Park St. was 
anciently known as Eldestedecroft, a name which occurs in 
deeds as late as the 16th century. Though the Nunnery was 
outside the borough limits it is never described as being in 
Barnwell. The Nuns were sometimes called 'Nuns of Grene- 
croft' but there is no direct evidence to show that the sites 
given by Nigellus and Malcolm had formed a portion of the 
common land. But there is at least a likelihood that they had 
been obtained by encroachment on the pasture land of Grene- 
croft. Both S. John's Hospital and Barnwell Priory were 
built on common land 1 . 

(Becket's well-known friend and biographer), and Robert and William, chaplains 
(probably Becket's chaplains, Robert of Merton and William Fitz-Stephen, who 
were with him at the time of his murder; the latter wrote a biography of 
Becket). For references see the indices to the Material* for the Life of Becket 
in the Rolls Series. 

1 The charter of Henry I which granted to Pain Peverel the site of Barnwell 
Priory describes it as * locum quemdam in campis Cantebrigie iacentem circa 



14 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

G. Second Charter of King Malcolm IV. Dedication 
to S. Radegund. 

The second charter of King Malcolm, which re-affirms the 
former and releases the Nuns from payment of the annual rent 
of two shillings as well as all secular service, is dated, like the 
earlier one, 'apud Hunted/ It is tested among others by 
Engelr[am], the Chancellor, and Nicolas, the Chamberlain. 
Engelram, who was Chancellor under King David I and con- 
tinued in the office under Malcolm, succeeded Herbert as 
Bishop of Glasgow in 11G4 1 , and Nicolas was Chamberlain from 
1160 or 1161 to 1165*. As the charter does not give Engclr.im 
the title of Bishop we shall probably be right in dating it 
between the years 1160-1164. 

This second charter of Malcolm seems to be the earliest in 
which the Nunnery has the title 'of 8. Mary and S. Radegund.' 
We may conclude that the building of the church had at this 
time made such advance that the chapel of 8. Radegund 
already referred to (which was perhaps in the Norman North 
transept adjoining the dormitory) was completed and had 
received its dedication. The new ascription to 8. Radegund 
is significant. In 1159 Malcolm with a Scottish army crossed 
the sea to aid King Henry II in his expedition against Toulouse. 
At Poitiers he joined the English King and was honourably 
entertained by him. Poitiers was then, as it still is, the special 
centre of the cult of 8. Radegund, who had there established her 
celebrated Abbey of the Holy Crosa Malcolm's visit to 
Poitiers so closely preceding his second charter seerns to be 
connected with the dedication given to the chapel which he 
had been instrumental in raising'. 

fontea Bernewelle...habendom in sicco et marisco a plates usque in Riveriam 
de Cantebrigia secundnm quod Curia eorum in longum extenditur.' (Barn well 
Liber Mtmorandorum. ) The jurors at the time of the Hundred Rolls Inquisi- 
tion were unable to say how King Malcolm acquired the site of the Nuns' church, 
' qualiter autem dictus Rex Maucolmus pervenit ad dictam terrain nesciunt.' 
(H. R. Vol. n. p. 358.) 

1 Keith's Scottish Bit hop*. * Exchequer Roll* of Scotland, Vol. n. p. cxviii. 

3 The parish churches of Scrnton (Yorks.) and Orayingham (Lines.) are 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 15 



7. Grant of Stephen de Scalariis and later benefactions. 

Between the two charters of King Malcolm should probably 
be placed the grant of 80 acres of land ' cum quodam managio ' 
in West Wratting, made by Stephen de Scalariis and his wife, 
Juliana, on placing their daughter, Sibil, in the Nunnery. This 
land is stated to be given in perpetual alms, free from all 
services and customs c preter Danegild regis solummodo 1 / It 
formed part of large estates in the neighbourhood of West 
Wratting which at the date of Domesday were held by Harduin 
de Sealers 2 . Bishop Nigellus confirmed this grant in a charter 
which includes S. Radegund in the dedication but cannot be 
later than 1161, as among the witnesses is William (of Laven- 
ton), Archdeacon of Ely, whose death, as before stated, occurred 
in 1160 or 1161. The West Wratting land is still the property 
of Jesus College. 

It is unnecessary to record in detail the successive benefac- 
tions which followed those of Malcolm and Stephen de Scalariis. 
By far the larger number of the acquisitions evidenced by the 
Nuns' muniments consisted of houses and lands in the town 
and fields of Cambridge. Outside the town limits they held 
property in the county of Cambridge at West Wratting, Weston 
(Colvile), Little Abington, Littlington, Bassingbourn, Great 
Shelford, Trumpington, Madingley, Barton, Long Stanton, 
Hokington, Caxton, Crawden and Ely; in Essex at Little 
Walden, Steventon, Ashdon, Bartlow, Berden, Little Chetham 
and Thundersley ; in Lincolnshire at Rippingale. Nearly all 

dedicated to S. Radegund; those of Postling (Kent) and Whitwell (Isle of 
Wight) to S. Mary and S. Radegund. Bradsole Abbey, near Dover, founded 
1191, was dedicated to S. Radegund, as was also the house of Trinitarian 
Friars at Thelesford, co. Warwick. There was a chapel of S. Radegund in old 
S. Paul's, London. 

1 ' In 1163 the ancient Danegild disappears from the Pipe Rolls.' Stubbs, 
Const. Hist. Vol. I. p. 582. 

2 Before the enclosure of the parish of West Wratting in 1808 one of the 
manors which it contained, of which the Master and Fellows of Peterhouse were 
lords, was called Escaliers or Charles. The so-called manor belonging to Jesus 
College was called le Great Nuns.' 



OF 



16 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

these grants are of very early date, most of them belonging to 
the 13th century. Nearly all were of inconsiderable value 
and many of them had been alienated before the end of the 
13th century. A few of the more interesting benefactions 
deserve more particular mention. 

Roger fitz Hugh of Clencwareton in an early undated 
charter confirms the gift which his father had made to the 
Nuns of an annual rent of three coombs (cumbas) of salt out 
of a salina at Lynn, called Heveckescote. In the time of the 
Prioress Letitia the Nuns had acquired one half of this salina, 
which they granted for an annual rent of three octodali 1 of salt 
to one Bartholomew fitz Half. 

One of the principal benefactors to the Nunnery in its early 
days was Hervey Dunning, generally called Hervey fitz Eustace. 
His name, either as a benefactor or as a witness to the grants 
and indentures of others, is of more frequent occurrence than 
any other in the Nuns' muniments; the deeds in which it occurs 
belong to the reign of John and the early part of that of Henry 
III. He belonged to one of the oldest burgher families of 
CanibridgQ. A Gilbert son of Dunning is one of the witnesses to 
Constance's charter, and several generations of the family may 
be traced in the Hundred Rolls, which attest that Hervey V 
grandfather, Dunning, derived his title to the large estates which 
he held in Cambridge 'per anticum successum antecessorum 
suorum.' The bulk of these estates at the time of the Hundred 
Rolls had become the property of the Scholars of Merton. The 
social status of the family is sufficiently indicated by the fact 
that it enjoyed the then exceptional dignity of occupying a 
'stone house,' which is doubtless to be identified with the 
ancient Norman dwelling-house known as the 'School of Pytha- 
goras.' One of the Nuns' deeds shows that as late as 1342 a 
tenement in S. Giles' parish was called Dunnyngistede and 
was then in the possession of Thomas, son of Sir John de 
Cambridge. Hervey witnesses two deeds in the capacity of 



1 Octodaltu = & coomb, or half a quarter, in 13th century English called an 
eytmddc. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 17 

' alderman Y and to two others his seal is appended bearing 
the impression of a mounted knight and the legend SIGILL. 
HERVEI FILII EVSTACHII. He was a benefactor of Barnwell 
Priory and of S. John's Hospital, and gave to the latter seven 
acres in the fields of Chesterton, the Hospital granting him in 
return 'duo grabata cum pannis ad ilia necessaria ad opus 
infirmorum in domo nostra lapideaV When the new chapel 
of the Hospital was built he gave to the Nuns of S. Radegund 
a rent of 12d. out of land in S. John's parish, Milne St., in 
part recompense of any loss of parish dues which might be 
occasioned to their church of All Saints in Jewry (Charters, 180). 
Hervey had a sister, Roda, who had taken the veil in the 
Nunnery, and with her he gave to the Nuns many houses and 
lauds scattered in the parishes and fields of Cambridge 
(Charters, 362). By another deed he granted them 10 acres 
in Cambridge fields for the soul of his deceased wife, Beatrice 
(Charters, 330). 

Contemporary with Hervey fitz Eustace was Walter de 
Lindsey, who, with his wife Bertha 8 , gave to the Nuns the 

1 Doubtless of the Gild Merchant of Cambridge, which was granted to the 
burgesses by King John in the second year of his reign. The alderman was the 
chief officer of a gild. (Gross, The Gild Merchant, Vol. i. p. 79.) Until the 
Municipal Corporations Act of 1835, when the Corporation of Cambridge as- 
sumed the title of 'The Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses,' their official style 
was ' The Mayor, Bailiffs and Burgesses.' In Latin deeds the borough alder, 
men are always ballivi, and in the oldest the mayor is capitalis or major 
lallivus. In the Nuns' deeds the earliest mention of a mayor is in 1258, when 
Robert de S. Edmundo was major ballivus. 

a Kilner's School of Pythagoras, p. 31. 

8 Possibly this Bertha de Lindsey may be identified with the Bertha whose 
coffin-lid on the floor of the south transept of the College Chapel bears the 
well-known inscription, 

Moribus ornata jacet hie bona Berta rosata. 

It has been a little too hastily assumed that this good lady was a Nun, but 
Nuns' graves were generally uninscribed. Sherman has a story about a Nun's 
gravestone in the College Chapel which is worth repeating, as it is not printed 
in Halliwell's edition of the Historia. In the year 1609 died in his 90th year 
a fellow of the College, Robert Landesdale, who had dwelt within the College 
walls as a fellow for no less than 58 years, and had been admitted in the reign 
of Henry VIII, in 1546. When his grave was being made in the Chapel an 
'urna lapidea' was dug up, enclosing the 'ashes' of a Nun. 'So,' says 
C. A. S. Octavo Series. 2 



18 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

homage of Half le Feutrer and a rent of four shillings paid 
by the said Ralf out of a messuage in Trinity parish ; also a 
messuage at Sarandscroft, opposite the Nunnery. To him and 
to his wife, Bertha, the Nuns (Letitia, Prioress) leased a house 
newly built and finished, in Cambridge, for the term of their 
lives, with the singular stipulation that the rent should be two 
shillings until the said Walter should return from his pilgrim- 
age to Jerusalem, but that if he died there it should be 
increased to six shillings so long as his wife lived. 

Among the benefactors of the Nunnery occur the names of 
several members of the family of de Trumpitune. A deed of 
Sir Roger de Trumpitune, whose brass in Trumpington church 
is dated 1289, releases to the Nuns free entry to certain land 
of theirs in Trumpington fields, for which they are to pay him 
a rent of 2 Ibs. of cumin, and two shillings, as relief, at each 
change of Prioress. Another member of the family, Hervey 
de Trumpitune, grants to them a rent of two shillings along 
with his daughter, Margaret. Another once important Trum- 
pington family was that of Cayli. Ralf de Kailli at a very 
early date gave the Nuns 30 acres there, and Simon de Cayli, 
for the soul of his wife, who was buried in S. Radegund's 
church, gave them an acre at Wyrtones diche. 

Sherman, ' the fellows of the College, who living are to this day maintained 
by the Nuns' revenues, in death come to be buried in the same tombs with 
them.' In the audit accounts for 1608 9 there is an entry, 'Receaved...for a 
coffin stone diged out of y* chappell at y" making of M r Landesdales grave, 
vj viijV Elsewhere Sherman says that an 'urn,' bearing the inscription 
Moribus,' Ac., was dug up and desecrated ' by foul and sacrilegious hands ' 
(i.e. by William Dowsing), in 1644. It contained the skeleton of a Nun, which 
' fell to dust and ashes ' on being touched. Sherman supposes Bertha to have 
been professed in 8. Radegund's Nunnery a short time before its dissolution, 
but the lettering of the stone is of a 13th century type. The date, 1261, in 
Arabic numerals, which the stone now bears, is an addition seemingly of the 
17th century. I do not know what evidence there is for fixing Bertha's death 
in that particular year. The inscription, it may be noted, is plagiarized from 
a similar epitaph, given in Weever's Funeral Monuments, p. 242 (ed. 1631), on 
Bertha, the Kentish queen, whose marriage with Ethelbert brought Christianity 
into England : 

Moribus ornata jacet hie regina beata 

Bertha, &c. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 19 

John Porthors 1 , a wealthy townsman of Cambridge, temp. 
Edward I, gave, with licence, to the Nuns 7J acres dispersedly 
lying in Cambridge fields. He also bestowed on them a 
yearly rent of 13 d . out of a messuage in All Saints' parish 
near the Hospital, for the health of his soul and for the souls 
of his father, John de Berton, and his mother, Agnes, and that 
his father's soul might not be imperilled by reason of his 
having retained a yearly rent of two shillings customably due 
to the Nuns out of a messuage in S. Clement's parish. 

About the same period William Sueteye gave the Nuns a 
messuage in S. Andrew's parish ; the moiety of a messuage and 
croft in S. Radegund's parish to maintain a lamp in the chapel 
of S. Radegund ; a rent of eight shillings out of certain land 
in the market for a lamp in the Nuns' choir, wheresoever the 
choir should be ; and 32J acres in Cambridge fields. 

John de Trippelowe.afo'as de Dicton, rector of Herdewyk, co. 
Cambr., was the latest considerable benefactor of the Nuns. He 
had been appointed in 1325 by the Prioress to the rectory of 
Reymerston, co. Norfolk, which he exchanged in 1340 for that 
of Hard wick. A Richard de Dicton was presented by the 
Nuns to S. Clement's in the latter year. They seem to have 
been sons of Master Henry de Trippelowe, who figures in some 
of the Nuns' deeds in connection with them, and who was 
alderman of the gild of S. Mary in 1321 2 . John de Trippelowe, 
with licence dated Edw. Ill, 5, gave the Nuns seven messuages 
in the parish of S. Radegund, one in the parish of S. Andrew 
without Barnwell gate, and eight acres in Cambridge and 
Barnwell fields. Many other grants of property, mainly 
situated in S. Radegund's parish, were made by him in the 
reign of Edward III. The last deed in which his name occurs 
is dated 1349, when he seems to have died, as a new rector 

1 The name Porthors = a breviary, portiforium, portos, as Chaucer spells it. 
The names Lominor (the Illuminator) and Parchemeniere, which occur in the 
Nuns' deeds, are evidence that the trade of book-producing was early established 
in Cambridge. John Perthors occupied a stone house at the corner opposite 
to S. Sepulchre's Church, for which he paid a rent of 2 marks to Barnwell 
Priory (Barnwell Liber Memorandorum). 

2 Master, History of Corpus Christi College, p. 9. 

22 



20 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

was appointed to Hardwick in June 1349. After the visitation 
of the Black Death in that year the Nuns received no consider- 
able accessions of property. 



8. Advowsons of the Nuns. The Parish of S. Radegund 

The rectories and advowsons in the possession of the 
Nunnery were all obtained at an early period of its history. 
It will be convenient first to sketch the history of the parish 
church of 8. Radegund, although its actual appropriation to 
the Nuns was not earliest in date. Sherman states that the 
rectory of the parish church of S. Radegund was appropriated 
to the Nuns about the year 1291, a yearly pension of forty 
shillings, to be paid by them, being reserved to the Vicar of 
All Saints', and he adds that at the same time the parish of 
S. Radegund was united with that of All Saints, from which it 
was anciently parted by the Ring's Ditch 1 . But I can find no 
authority for the date given for the appropriation, and Sherman 
is clearly mistaken as regards the union of the two parishes. 
After 1291 they were never in any sense united so long as the 
Nunnery existed. The Nunnery deeds bear witness that, from 
the middle of the 13th century to within a very few years of 
the dissolution of the Priory, tenements in Radegund Lane on 
and adjoining the Nuns' croft were regularly described as being 
in the parish of S. Radegund, and after the foundation of the 
College and the dedication of the church to the Name of Jesus 
tenements are similarly described as being in Jesus parish*. 
Long after the College had taken the place of the Nunnery, 
in fact down to the middle of the present century, the Audit 
books, in which the receipts from house rental in Cambridge 
are classed together according to parishes, though they do not 

1 Cole makes a similar statement : ' Anno 1291, at videtur, ecclesia paro- 
chialis in monasterio S. Badegnndis Cantabrigiae appropriator Priorissae et 
Conventui et regitur per capellanum. MSS. Wren 242, 8.' Add. M8S. 5820. 

2 fhe latest mention that I have observed of Jesus parish is in an agree- 
ment between Corpus Christi College and Jesus College, dated Edward VI. 6, 
i.e. 1552. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 21 

make a separate heading for the parish of S. Radegund yet 
distinguish houses in venella Jesu from those in parochia 
Omnium Sanctorum. 

Nor was this distinction merely a civil and local one. 
There is ample evidence that the Nuns' church, and afterwards 
the chapel of the College in its earlier days, served all the 
purposes and had all the privileges attaching to a parish 
church. At the end of the Register of Bishop Gray of Ely 
(1454 1478) under the heading 'Nomina Patronorum Eccle- 
siarum et Vicariarum ' it is recorded that ' Ecclesia parochialis 
in monasterio S. Radegundis, Cant., appropriata est eisdem 
Priorisse et Conventui et regitur per capellanum parochialem.' 
In the accounts of Agnes Banastre, treasuress in 1450 1451, 
there is mention of a cover for the font, ' et in factura unius 
coopertorii pro le font ecclesie Sancte Radegundis, vj d .' When 
Bishop Alcock destroyed the western portion of the nave, 
which served the parishioners as their church, in place of the 
old west door he made a new door for their use near the 
south-west corner of the shortened nave 1 . In the Statutes 
which Bishop Stanley gave to the College in 1514, cap. 19 (de 
Curato) it is ordained that one of the Fellows shall be annually 
elected Curate of the parish church of S. Radegund annexed 
to the College, to have the cure of souls of all dwelling there> 
to administer sacraments and sacramentals and to receive for 
his pains as the Master and Fellows may determine. The 
farmers of the dominical lands adjoining the College retained 

1 The authors of the Architectural History of Cambridge, Vol. n. p. 173, 
regard this door as intended for the private use of the Master of the College, 
on whose garden it now opens. But the statutes of Bishop Stanley, cap. 28, 
show that in 1512 the ground on the south side of the Master's lodge was not 
enclosed as a garden, for the Master was thereby empowered either to enclose 
or to build upon it at his own charges. And in 1592, when Hammond's plan 
of Cambridge was made, the Master's garden did not extend so far east as the 
door in question. The eastern portion of the area now comprised in the 
Master's garden is described in the early Audit accounts as ' the churchyard ' 
or ' garlicke faire close,' and was parted from the original garden of the Lodge 
by a mud wall, which is mentioned in a lease of 1555. In the Audit accounts 
for 1558 is a payment for '24 dised nailes for y churche yard dore xij d .' Burials 
in ' Jesus churchyard ' are mentioned as late as 1543. 



22 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

the right of attending the College church so late as the reign 
of Queen Mary, for in a lease of the Radegund Manor, dated 
1555, it is covenanted that 'bothe the colledge and the vicare 
of Alhallows shall suffer hereafter the farmers to come and 
frequent the colledge church to hear their divine service, 
accordinglie as it is specified in a payre of indentures betweene 
the sayde m r and fellows and the sayde vicare, except it be in 
the plaigue tyme.' This covenant is not repeated in later 
leases of the Manor, and from the fact that the farmers' privilege 
of attending the College church was then protected by covenant 
and indenture we may suppose that even in 1555 it was 
considered obsolescent. 

There is no direct evidence, so far as I am aware, either to 
establish or disprove the date, 1291, which Sherman gives for 
the appropriation of S. Radegund's rectory to the Nuns. The 
Hundred Rolls indeed, though they expressly state that the 
churches of All Saints and S. Clement were so appropriated, 
say nothing about the appropriation of S. Radegund's, whence 
it might be inferred that it had not taken place in 1278. But 
the fact that the church was conventual is sufficient to account 
for the omission of S. Radegund *s from the record of the 
spiritual possessions of the Nunnery. Probably it was appro- 
priated to it from its first existence as a parish church. 

I have shown that the parish of S. Radegund was un- 
doubtedly not united to that of All Saints after the middle 
of the 13th century; it may be concluded with almost equal 
certainty that S. Radegund's parish had no separate existence 
before that time. Tenements near the Nunnery are not described 
in the oldest deeds as being situated in S. Radegund's parish, 
which is first mentioned in deeds of the time of Milisentia, who 
was Prioress in 1246 and was succeeded in the office in or before 
1258. Evidence of the late origin of the parish is seen in the 
fact that one of its boundaries was the King's Ditch. It is 
generally stated that this ditch was made by Henry III in 
1268, but there was an earlier enclosure of the town in 1215. 
Previous to 1250 the Nuns' croft did not extend so far as to 
the King's Ditch, for in that year the Nuns received licence 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 23 

from Henry III to enclose a certain croft of theirs lying be- 
tween the Nunnery and the Ditch. It is therefore fairly cer- 
tain that S. Radegund's parish, which was conterminous with 
the Nuns' demesne lands, came into existence soon after that 
year. 

Bowtell in his MSS (p. 1011) states, without giving his 
authority, that the parish of the Holy Sepulchre was severed 
from that of All Saints in the reign of Henry III. The pension 
of forty shillings which the Nuns were required to pay to the 
vicar of All Saints' is tolerably clear proof that S. Radegund's 
was formed by a similar detachment from the same parish. 
' When a chapel was made parochial one of the remaining 
signs of dependence on the Mother Church was generally some 
stated pension to the Rector or Vicar of it 1 .' Such, no 
doubt, was the origin of the Nuns' pension to the vicar of 
All Saints'. The fact that it was paid to the vicar is evidence 
that the parish of S. Radegund was not severed from that of 
All Saints until after Sturmi's appropriation of the latter church 
to the Nuns. 

The area detached from All Saints' parish to form that of 
S. Radegund comprised only the demesne lands of the Nunnery, 
afterwards known as Radegund Manor. At the time of its 
formation the latter parish can have contained only a very few 
inhabitants. The Hundred Rolls mention only four messuages 
in it, all of them paying rent to the Nuns and all of them 
situated on a croft called Sarandscroft, opposite the Nunnery 
gates. Later these were subdivided into smaller holdings, and 
houses began to be built on the south side of the Nuns' croft, 
next the street and between the Nunnery and the King's 
Ditch. The occupants of the houses in the parish seem 
to have been principally the clergy and servants of the 
Nunnery. 

As the whole, or very nearly the whole area of the parish 
belonged to the Nuns it is natural that the Hundred Rolls 
referring to one of their tenements describe it as lying in their 
own parish, ' in sua parochia.' It was probably, like many other 

1 Kennett's Parochial Antiquities, p. 601, where ample evidence is collected. 



24 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

parishes whose churches were also conventual, a peculiar, i.e. 
exempt from the jurisdiction and visitation of the archdeacon. 
I do not know that this is anywhere stated as a fact, nor do 
I find any record of a papal bull conferring such exemption. 
Nor can reliance be placed on the fact mentioned in one of the 
Nuns' documents dated 1313 and frequently noticed in the Ely 
Episcopal Registers (e.g. under dates July 24, 1338, and May 9, 
1340) that the Nuns were discharged from procurations to the 
archdeacon ; for this immunity from the charges of visitation 
extended evidently to All Saints' and S. Clement's churches 
as well as to S. Radegund's, and was grounded on the poverty 
of the Nuns, whose whole spiritualities were stated to be of 
less yearly value than six marks. In the absence of any direct 
evidence as to the origin of the parish I can only rely on certain 
facts which tend to show that S. Radegund's was not a parish 
of the ordinary kind. Firstly, the capellanm, so far as can be 
gathered from the Ely Registers, was never presented by the 
Nuns to the Bishop for admission to the parish church. 
Secondly, he appears to have been maintained by a stipend, 
paid by the Nuns, which in the accounts of 1449 1451 was 
5. And thirdly, among the miscellaneous documents contained 
in the Nuns' treasury there remain a few wills, one of which, 
that of Roger Mason of S. Radegund's parish, dated 1392, has 
attached to it the ad causas seal of the Nunnery. The wills 
of inhabitants of exempt parishes attached to religious houses, 
as is well known, were customarily proved before the sacrist or 
some other officer of the monastery. The parish of the Nunnery 
of Carow, Norwich, was an example of such an exempt juris- 
diction ; the Nuns' chaplain proved the wills of parishioners, 
and the ad causas seal of the convent was appended to them 1 . 



9. Parish of All Saints. 

The advowson of All Saints' in Judaismo or juxta Hospitale, 
as it was called to distinguish it from the church similarly 

1 Uoruuticon, ed. 1846, Vol. 4, p. 68. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 25 

dedicated juxta Castellum, was given to the Nuns by Sturmi 1 
of Cambridge either in or before 1180. His charter recites that 
the donation is made ' by the wish and with consent of his wife 
and his heirs, for the welfare of King Henry and his heirs and 
for the welfare of the faithful departed.' The Nuns are to hold 
the advowson as freely and quietly as his antecessores have held 
the same. Of Sturmi we know no more than that a person 
of his name is described as 'frater noster' in a deed of the 
Prioress Letitia. Geoffrey Ridel, Bishop of Ely, in the presence 
and with the consent of Sturmi, instituted the Nuns to the 
rectory, 'jus personatus,' of the same church. His charter is 
dated on the day after the octave of S. Martin in the year 1180. 
He appoints one Richard as the Nuns' perpetual vicar in the 
church and requires him to make to them an annual payment 
of twenty shillings, and further to perform all customary dues 
to the Bishop. After the cession or decease of the said Richard 
the Nuns may make such disposition for their church as they 
will, saving the episcopal consiwtiidines. At a considerably 
later date the Convent of Ely (Roger, Prior, i.e. Roger de 
Brigham, Prior from 1215 to 1229) confirmed the Bishop's 
appropriation to the Nuns. It was also ratified by a bull of 
Pope Alexander IV (1254 1261) mentioned by Sherman, in 
whose time it seems to have been extant among the Nuns' 
evidences. 

The Nuns, as already stated, probably when S. Radegund's 
parish was severed from All Saints, bound themselves to an 
annual pension of forty shillings to the vicar of the latter 
parish. As the net result of the cross payments we find the 
Nuns in 1449-1451 paying the vicar the sum of twenty 
shillings per annum. In the Bursars' Rolls, tern]). Henry VIII 
and Edward VI, this payment had been increased to 33s. 4c?. 
Doubtless this was in compensation for the loss of income 
which the vicar may have sustained owing to the conversion of 
the Nunnery into a college, for when the Hospital of S. John 
gave place to S. John's College the vicar complained of the loss 
which he received from the change, and the College undertook 

1 I know no reason for calling him William Sturmi, as Sherman does. 



26 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

to give him an annual pension of five marks in satisfaction of 
his claims 1 . The Visitors of the University in 1549 decreed 
that Jesus College should pay the vicar an additional sum of 
6s. 8d. by the year, and the pension thus increased to 40. 
has continued to be paid up to the present tiim. 



10. Parish of S. Clement. 

The advowson of S. Clement's Church was given to the 
Elemosinary of S. Radegund by Hugh fitz Abeolon of Cam- 
bridge, acting on the advice of Eustace, late Bishop of Ely. 
Bishop Eustace died in 1215 and the grant is evidently to be 
dated very soon after that year, for the Pedes Finium (ed. Rye 
for the Camb. Antic]. Soc.) mentions among Cambridge pleas 
anno Henry III, 3 (1218) ' Estrilda fil. Scobic v. the Prioress of 
8. Radegund, of the advowsoD of S. Clement's.' It would seem 
from this that the Nuns did not acquire pacific possession of 
the advowson at once, and this is further shown by the fact 
that Walter fitz William de 8. Edmund, in a deed of date 
seemingly about 1230-1240, released to the Nuns his rights to 
the advowson and confirmed the grant thereof made by his 
antecessor, Hugh fitz Abeolon and his uncle Walter. It would 
be interesting to know something of the original patrons of 
Cambridge churches and the circumstances which gave them 
their right to present to the livings. Unfortunately the Nuns' 
deeds have very little light to throw on the matter in the case 
either of All Saints' or of S. Clement's. The only information 
which I can gather of this Hugh fitz Absolon is obtained from 
his charters, several of which (two with his seal attached) are 
to be found among the Nunnery muniments. In one he grants 
the Nuns a rent of 29^2. out of the land in the Jews' street (in 
vico Judeorum) going down from the highway to All Saints' 
churchyard. The grant is for the health of the souls of him- 
self and his sister Letitia, and the Nuns are required to 
celebrate yearly the anniversary of his sister on the eve of the 
1 Cole's MSB. Vol. in. p. 65. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 27 

Purification, and on the day of the Purification are to have the 
whole rent for their pietancia. He also gave them a rent of 
12c. for their Infirmary and six acres in Cambridge and 
Barnwell fields. His cousin Aldusa, daughter of William 
Blangernun, who was buried in the convent church, gave them 
property in the parish of S. Mary the Great. 

The Rectory of S. Clement's was appropriated to the Nuns 
of S. Radegund of Grenecroft by John de Fontibus, Bishop of 
Ely (1220-1225), saving a competency for a priest to have the 
cure of souls. The Nuns' muniments include two charters con- 
firming this grant, one of Ely convent, Roger de Brigham, 
Prior (1215-1229), the other of Geoffrey de Burgh, Bishop of 
Ely (1225-1229). Other confirmations by Pope Honorius III 
(1216-1227) and by Hugh Northwold, Bishop of Ely, the latter 
dated 1238, are mentioned in a volume of 'Old Letters and 
Extracts ' in the College Library, but are not now extant. 

The last-named bishop decreed that the vicar of S. Clement's 
should pay to the Nuns de bonis altaragii a yearly pension 
of five marks. From the Nunnery accounts it appears that 
this sum was set apart to provide the clothing of the Nuns 1 . 
The benefice, already denuded of the rectorial tithes, seems 
from the first to have been ill able to support this heavy 
additional charge. So early as 1248 we find a lively dispute 
proceeding between the Nuns and the vicar, Adam, on some 
pecuniary question, probably connected with this pension. The 
vicar cited the Nuns before the Dean of S. Paul's, i.e. the Court 
of Arches : the Nuns contested the vicar's right to convene 
them, on the ground that he was at the time under sentence of 
excommunication, and when this plea was disallowed by the 
Dean they appealed to the court of Rome. The Pope, Innocent 
IV, by bull addressed to the Prior of Linton commissioned him 
to inquire into the circumstances. Of the Prior's decision we 

1 The practice of assigning some part of the income of appropriated 
churches to the providing of clothing for the religious was not uncommon : 
examples of it occur at Stodeley, Stamford and Marrick Nunneries. ( Vide the 
new Monasticon.) The rectory of Harleston was given to Barnwell Priory ad 
vetturam by Geoffrey Peche (Barnwell Liber Memorandorum). 



28 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

are not informed; but the issue between the Nuns and their 
vicars remained in an unsettled state for long after. In 1261 
Sir Geoffrey, who was then vicar, acknowledges himself to be 
indebted to the Nuns for 2J marks, being part of the pension of 
5 marks assigned by Bishop Northwold, and he asks to be 
allowed time to pay it. Hugh de Stamford, Commiss;n\ 
General of the Official of Ely, decrees that he is to pay one 
mark on S. Nicolas' Day and 20a. before the Epiphany next 
following. A century and a half later, in 1401, Adam do 
\Valsoken, vicar, takes the opportunity of the metropolitical 
visitation of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Arundel, 
to represent to him that he is charged with an annual pension 
to the Nuns of five marks, that he has no proper vicarage to 
reside in, and that the income of the living is ' tenuis et exilisV 
In consequence of the vicar's complaint the Nuns (Isabella de 
Sudbury, Prioress) on July 11, 1402, agreed to give up as a 
mansum for the then vicar and his successors a house on 
the eastern side of the churchyard, next a messuage of the 
service of the glorious Virgin Mary, i.e. the chantry house of 
S. Clement's Church. The deed (Charters, 242) in which they 
make this concession bears evidence to the Nuns' extreme 
reluctance to accept any responsibility in the matter. The 
curiously mixed motives which actuated them are shown in the 
reasons given for the concession, viz. that the incomes of 
parochial churches are everywhere decreasing, that the results 
of actions at law are doubtful, and that it is desirable that the 
church, being baptisrtudis, should be served duly and to the 
honour of God. The pension of five marks was continuously 
exacted by the Nuns up to the time of the dissolution of the 
Nunnery, and even survived until late in the reign of Henry 
VIII, as shown by the account rolls of the College Bursars 1 . 

1 The incomes of the parish clergy were seriously affected by the Black 
Death and the long financial depression which succeeded it. Compare Piers 
Plowman, Prologue, 83 (date 1377), 

Persones and parisch prestes pleyned hein to J>e bischop 
M here parisches were pore sith J>e pestilence time. 
1 From the Bursars' accounts of Henry VIII, 2627, it appears that the 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 29 



11. Advowson of Reymerston. 

The advowson of Reymerston Church, co. Norfolk, was con- 
veyed by fine to Letitia, Prioress of S. Radegund's in Henry 
III, 2 ; by John de Reymerston. A list of the rectors presented 
by the Prioress is given in Blomfield's History of Norfolk, Vol. 
10, pp. 241 2 (ed. Parky n). The last presented, in 1401, was 
Mr Robert Braunch, LL.Lic., apparently the same who in 1384 
became Master of Trinity Hall. 

The names of several of the Nuns, Cranesvvick, Harling, 
Cressingham, are taken from villages in the neighbourhood of 
Reymerston and appear to indicate that the connection with 
this quarter of Norfolk was maintained after the Nuns parted 
with the advowson. From the same district probably came 
John de Pykenham (QOW Pickenham), whose tombstone, in the 

vicar of S. Clement's was allowed an annual sum of 6*. 8d. for rent of a 
dwelling bouse ' eo quod non eat aliqua domus sive mansio dicto vicario 
pertinens.' A few years later the payment disappears from the Bursars' rolls 
and the vicar, who was a fellow of the College, is stated to be the tenant of a 
chamber in College. The Rev. E. G. de Sails Wood, vicar of S. Clement's, 
informs me that the house traditionally called ' the Vicarage ' is that now 
numbered 8, Portugal Place, which is still the property of Jesus College. 
Leases of the reign of Elizabeth describe it as abutting on its southern side 
on 'the backe side of a place sometime called S 1 Clement's hostell.' A deed 
of Edward III, 47 (1373) shows that it was then leased to Sir Richard Milde, 
vicar of S. Clement's, jointly with John de Kelesseye, cooper, and Avisia his 
wife. Another deed of 1377 (Charters, 250 b) gives minute details of the 
rooms which it then contained. In 1616 the southern half of the house was 
used as a stable by the Master of Jesus College. A letter of the Master, 
Dr Duport, in that year refers to a dispute between the College and Alderman 
Ventris with respect to the northern portion of the house, which the latter 
claimed, asserting that it had anciently been a banqueting house and did not 
form a part of the College tenement. Ventris also claimed a house called the 
Chantry-house, situated outside the churchyard on its N.E. side. Dr Duport 
alleges that this house is not the old Chantry-house, nor on the site of it, but 
is an encroachment on Jesus College land and has been erected within the last 
50 years ; in evidence of which he observes that it is built of sound heart of 
oak which apparently was brought from the steeple of the church, which about 
the time of the erection of the house was much decayed and vanished quite 
away. 



30 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

S.W. angle of the south transept of the Nuns' church, bears 
the inscription, 

Hie jacet frater Johannes de Pykenhani magister sacre theologie prior 
hujus loci cujus aninie propicietur I K us. 

He was perhaps either capellanus or confessor to the Nuns. 
The office of prior, warden or magister monialivm is one 
frequently found in nunneries ; e.g. at Qrimsby, Stanfeld 
(Lines.), Stamford, Catesby. 



12. List of Prioresses. 

The following is as complete a list of the Prioresses of 
S. Radegund as it is possible to make out. Unless otherwise 
stated the dates given are those of the earliest and latest deeds 
in which the name occurs. The deeds of the 12th and early 
13th century give neither dates nor names of Prioresses. 

Letitia was Prioress at the time of Bishop Eustace's compo- 
sition respecting All Saints' Church and S. John's Hospital, 
which was not later than 1213: she occurs in Pedes Finium, 
1228. 

Milisentia is mentioned in Pedes Finium 1246 and 1249. 

Dera occurs in 1258. 

Agnes Burgeylun, or Burgeillo, in 1274 (in the new Afonasti- 
con wrongly set down anno 1301). 

Constantia and 

Amitia de Driffeld occur in undated deeds temp. Edward I, 
the former in the mayoralty of Roger de Wykes. 

Alicia le Chaumberlain was Prioress about 1278; she was 
daughter of Sir Walter le Chamberlayne, purchaser of the 
manor of Landbeach. (Clay's History of Landbeach.) 

Elena occurs in 1284 and in 1299. 

Christiana de Braybrok in 1311. 

Cecilia de Cressingham, in 1315 and 1316. 

Mabilia Martin in 1330 and 1332. 

Alicia in 1347. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 31 

Eva Wasteneys in 1359 ; a person of the same name was 
Prioress of the Benedictine house of Swaff ham in 1378. 

Margaret Clanyle in 1363: she resigned Feb. 1, 1378 (Ely 
Registers). 

Alice Pilet was elected Feb. 20, 1378 ; occurs in 1398. 

Isabella Sudbury in 1402. 

Margaret Harlyng was sub-prioress in 1407 ; succeeded as 
Prioress in the same year and occurs in 1408. 

Agnes Seyntelowe, or Senclowe, first occurs in 1415; she died 
Sept. 8, 1457. 

Joan Lancastre was elected Sept. 27, 1457; last occurs in 
1466. 

Isabella in 1468. 

Elizabeth Walton occurs in 1468 and 1479 : she had been 
succentrix in 1457. 

Joan Cambridge was administering the effects of the 
Nunnery in 1482-3, apparently in a vacancy of the Priorate ; 
she was Prioress in 1483 and died 1487 \ 

Joan Fulburn was appointed Oct. 12, 1487; her name 
occurs for the last time in 1487. 



13. Finances of the Nunnery. 

At the time of the election of Joan Lancastre in 1457 there 
were eleven nuns who had the jus eligendi. There are no data 
for determining their number at an earlier period, but as most 
religious houses suffered a decline in numbers during the 15th 
century it is not unlikely that they had once been more 
numerous. There seems little reason to doubt that at no time 
during the existence of the Nunnery were its endowments 
adequate for the maintenance of its inmates or the repairs of 
the fabric. As early as 1277 their penury ' haud paucis inno- 
tescit'; in 1340 their poverty was pleaded as an excuse for 

1 In a fragmentary Computus of Margaret Ratclyff, Prioress of Swaff ham, 
Edw. IV, 22, occurs an entry ' de iiij 8 de quatuor busellis (mixtilionis) venditis 
pr. monial. de Cambrige...de domina Johanna Cambrige cui erat commissa 
administratio bonorum prioratus predict!.' 



32 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

exemption from the charges of procuration ; and the evidence 
of Archbishop Wittlesey's visitor in 1373 shows the Nunnery 
in deep embarrassment, its buildings dilapidated, and its services 
neglected for want of funds. The flow of benefactions which 
was maintained up to the end of Edward I's reign was arrested 
about the end of the 13th century, probably because gifts to 
pious uses began to be diverted to the various mendicant 
orders which had established themselves in Cambridge during 
the preceding half century. As already stated, after the great 
pestilence in 1349 the Nuns received few fresh endowments, 
and those of inconsiderable value. One important source of 
endowment entirely dried up about that time, viz. the grants 
of lands and rents made by the relations of a nun when she 
took the veil. The nuus of the earlier time seem largely to 
have been drawn from families of wealth and social standing 
in the town and shire. Among those who brought with 
them endowments to the Nunnery were Sibil, sister of Fulk 
Crocheman, whose family held a considerable amount of 
property in and near the Jewry in All Saints' parish temp. 
Henry III ; Elizabeth and Isabel, daughters of Sir Thomas de 
Cambridge, who died 1361 ; Roda, sister of Hervey Dunning, 
already mentioned; Margaret, daughter of Hervey de Trumpi- 
tune ; Sabina, daughter of Half Person of Chesterton, temp. 
Henry III; Sibil, daughter of Stephen de Scalariis of Wratting; 
and Margaret, sister of Philip de Cestertune, about 1200. The 
accounts of the Treasuress, Agnes Banastre, for the two years 
1449-50 and 1450-51 probably represent the normal income 
and expenditure of the Nunnery in the middle of the 15th 
century. They are written on skin in a neat and minute hand, 
which is perhaps that of one of the clergy attached to the 
house. On the outer surface are written the accounts of the 
Grangeress, Joan Lancastre. Also on the outer side of the 
earlier roll are copied in a bold but careless handwriting of 
late loth century character three Latin prayers addressed to 
S. Etheldreda, to which in another hand have been added two 
benedictions of the Name of Jesus. The prayers to S. Ethel- 
dreda were clearly intended for use at her shrine at Ely. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 33 

These accounts are kept in an exact and orderly way and 
show that at the time the Nuns were fairly paying their 
way. In the earlier year the receipts were 77. 85. tyd. and 
the expenditure 72. 65. 4f d. ; in the later the sums were 
respectively 74. 2s. 9%d. and 78. 6s. Od.\ The heads of the 
receipts were in the later year : 

s. d. 

Rents in Cambridge . , 32 12 2 
Rents agricultural + . + 12 14 7 
Miscellaneous : tolls of fair, re- 
ceipts from guests, &c. 8 16 2 
Tithes . . . 6 13 4 
Pension . . . ; J 368 
Sale of corn, hay, &c. . . 9 19 10 

Total 74 2 9 



14. Incidents in the Annals of the Nunnery. 

There is little in the history of the Nunnery between the 
time of King Malcolm and that of the dissolution which calls 
for particular mention. Such facts as are recoverable from the 
Nuns' own records it is unnecessary here to detail ; an outline 
of them may be found in the Catalogue of Charters. I will set 
down here only a few particulars which I have gleaned from 
such external sources of information as the Hare MSS and the 
Registers of Ely and Canterbury. 

Among the Hare MSS (Vol. I. p. 27) is a writ of 
Henry III tested at Ely, March 30, in the 35 th year of his 
reign (i.e. 1250), directed to the bailiffs of the town of 
Cambridge, requiring them not to distrain the Prioress of 
S. Radegund and her tenants for an encroachment (pro 
preprestura) and for other matters of which inquisition has 



1 Sherman gives the total of receipts in these two years as 24. 1*. 
and 32. 10*. 2d., figures which correspond to no totals in the rolls. He also 
refers to a third roll of date Henry VI, 39, in which the receipts are stated as 
74. 2s. 4d.; this is no longer extant. He does not mention the roll of 
Edward IV, 2122. 

C. A. S. Octavo Seriet. 3 



34 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

been made by William de Axmutb and William Brito at 
Cambridge. This writ is clearly connected with the same 
King's license to the Nuns, tested at Westminster on April 17 
in the same year, to enclose and keep enclosed for ever a croft 
belonging to them and lying between their church and the 
fossatum of Cambridge. (This license is cited in full in King 
Edward II's confirmation, Charters, 8.) From the circum- 
stance that the writ was addressed to the town bailiffs it would 
appear that the purprestrure of the Nuns consisted of an en- 
croachment on the common lands of the town, i.e. on Qrene- 
croft. The writ stays the distraint until the quindena of 
Easter, by which time, or at least before April 17, an 
arrangement seems to have been arrived at by which the 
town relinquished its rights in the land annexed. But as 
the ownership of the soil of the common land belonged not 
to the burgesses but to the King (such at least would he the 
King's view) his sanction was necessary to enable the Nuns 
to acquire and permanently enclose the croft 1 . The dispute 
between the Nuns and the burgesses seems to have been 
the outcome of proceedings for encroachment taken by the 
King against the burgesses: for by a writ, mentioned by 
Cooper* and dated March 5 in this year, the King re- 
quired the sheriff to restore the cattle of the burgesses and 
not further to distrain them for a trespass, they having paid 
at the royal wardrobe 20 marks. The encroachment for 
which the burgesses thus made satisfaction was no doubt 
committed on the soil of the fossatum. At the time of the 
Hundred Rolls it was one of the complaints of the towns- 
men that the soil of the fossatum remained void to their 
great loss, and several individuals are reported to have made 
encroachments on it by planting trees and otherwise. 

1 Pollock and Maitland (History of Engliih Law, Vol. i. p. 635), speaking of 
the Firma Buryi, ' It may be much doubted whether the walls, ditches, streets 
and open spaces of the borough were held by the burgesses. They were still 
the king's walls, ditches and streets, and he who encroached upon them 
committed a purpresture against the king. Nor is it by any means certain 
that the king parted with the soil over which the burgesses exercised the right 
of pasture.' * Annali, Vol. i. p. 46. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 35 

The Register of Archbishop Wittlesey (fo. 153), at Lambeth 
Palace, gives a full and curious account of a visitation of the 
Nunnery in the year 1373, made by mandate of the Archbishop 
during a vacancy of the See of Ely. The visitor was Thomas 
de Wormenhale, who about the same time visited other religious 
houses in the diocese, viz. Ely, Chatteris, Anglesey, Swaffham, 
Thorney, Barnwell and the Hospital of S. John, Cambridge. 
The Nunnery of S. Radegund was visited on the Saturday next 
following the feast of S. James the Apostle. The Prioress and 
sisters were separately and privately examined, and the report 
of the visitor exhibited the following comperta. 

First, it was alleged that the Prioress made the officiariae 
of the Nunnery discharge payments beyond what was required 
by the custom of their offices, and without assigning reason 
for such payments. The Prioress denied this article, but was 
nevertheless cautioned in future to explain to her officials the 
reasons for all expenditure required of them. 

Item, that the Prioress did not, as she was bound to do, 
find priests to celebrate for various benefactors of the Nunnery. 
The Prioress made reply that the means of the Nuns were not 
sufficient to sustain the said burdens. She was cautioned to 
discharge the obligations of the Nunnery in this respect as 
soon as the fortunes of the household would enable her to do so. 

Item, that the Prioress suffered the Refectory to remain 
without cover, so that in rainy weather the sisters were not 
able to take their meals there in common, as by rule they were 
bound to do. The Prioress answered that the Nunnery was so 
burdened with debts, subsidies and contributions in these 
times that so far she had been unable to carry out repairs, but 
that she would do so as soon as possible. 

Item, that the Prioress did not correct dame Elizabeth de 
Cambridge for withdrawing herself from divine service, and 
allowed friars of different orders, as well as scholars, to visit 
her at inopportune times and to converse with her, to the 
scandal of religion. The Prioress replied that she had frequently 
corrected her. She was charged in future strictly to correct 
and chastise her for the faults alleged. 

32 



36 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

Item, that the Prioress was too easily induced to give 
permission to the Nuns to go outside the cloister. She was 
cautioned not to do so in future. 

Item, that dame Elizabeth de Cambridge provoked discord 
among the sisters and often murmured against correction, and 
that she did not trouble to get up (non curat surgere) to 
attend matins, as she was bound to do. She denied the 
fact, and added that, supposing she had so done, she had been 
corrected by her Prioress. She was warned to cease from 
murmuring and provoking discord, and to get up for matins, 
whenever she could (cum poterit), under pain of excommunica- 
tion. 

The Prioress mentioned in this report was Margaret Clanyle. 
She resigned her office in 1378. Bishop Arundel's Register at 
Ely (fo. 25) contains the following documents relating to this 
event. 

The Bishop's mandate to his Official, Richard le Scrop, to 
receive the resignation of domina Margaret Clanyle, and to 
certify to the Bishop what he has done. Downham, Jan. 29, 
1378. 

Scrop's certification to the Bishop that he has admitted, 
approved and authorized the resignation. Cambridge, Feb. 1. 

The Bishop's license to the sub-prioress, Johanna de Ely, 
and the convent to elect a successor. Downham, Feb. 6. 

Process of election : ' assumptis sibi quibusdam personis 
secularibus, vidlt magistris Thoma de Glocestr' et Johanne de 
Newton, juris peritis, d DO Willelmo Rolf, vicario ecclesie Omnium 
Sanctorum in Judaismo et magistro Roberto de Foxton, notario 
publico, pro saniori consilio in hac parte habendo,' domina Alice 
Pylet is unanimously elected Feb. 17. 

The election is confirmed by the Bishop, Feb. 20, and 
publication of it made ' ad januam manerii de Downham et in 
capella died manerii.' 

On Dec. 10, 1389, Bishop Fordham of Ely granted indulgence 
of 40 days to all who should help to repair the Nuns' church 
and cloister and contribute to their maintenance and relief. 
(Fordhams' Register, fo. 10.) 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 37 

In the Register of Archbishop Courtenay (fo. 143), under 
date 1389, is a letter addressed to the same Bishop of Ely, in 
which the Archbishop reports that in his recent metropolitical 
visitation of the diocese of Lincoln he found there 'a sheep 
wandering from the fold among thorns,' to wit, one Margaret 
Cailly, a professed nun of S. Radegund's monastery, who had 
cast off the garb of religion and in secular habit was leading a 
dissolute life. ' That her blood be not required at our hands ' 
the Archbishop sends her with the bearer of the letter to the 
Bishop, with an injunction that she should be restored to the 
Nunnery and kept there in safe custody. The Bishop in a 
letter to the Prioress (Reg. Fordham, fo. 11) directs that the 
apostate nun be committed to the eventus 1 , there to be kept in 
close confinement until she shows signs of penitence and con- 
trition for her 'excesses,' as the rules of her house and order 
require. And the Bishop further enjoins that when the said 
Margaret first enters the chapter-house she shall humbly ask 
pardon of the Prioress and all her sisters for her offences, and 
that she shall undergo salutary penances for her excesses, the 
Bishop having privately absolved her from the penalty of 
excommunication on the ground of her apostasy. 

On Sept. 19, 1401, the Priory was visited by the commis- 
sioners of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Arundel. 
The sisters were privately and separately questioned but the 
substance of their answers is not recorded in the Register. 
(Arundels' Register, fo. 492.) 

The Register of Bishop Fordham of Ely (Jan. 26, 1407) 
contains a license to the sub- prioress, Margery Harlyng, for a 
private oratory or chapel within the Priory. 

On March 18, 1457, Bishop Gray of Ely issued letters, dated 
from Downham, granting 40 days' indulgence to all who should 
lend a helping hand (' rnanus porrexerint adjutrices ') for the 
repair of the bell-tower of the Nuns' conventual church and 



1 Possibly this was the conventual prison, which in some monasteries was 
in the gate-house, in others adjoined the Necessarium. The word is not in 
Ducange. 



38 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

for the maintenance of books, vestments and other church 
ornaments (Register, fo. 21). 

The Ely Registers (Bp. Gray, fo. 140) supply a full account 
of the election of a Prioress in 14*57 in place of Agnes 
Seyntelowe, who died on Sept. 8 in that year. The process of 
election was per formam compromissi, and the description, in 
outline, is as follows. Maud Sudbury, as sub-prioress and 
president, informs the Bishop of the vacancy and obtains his 
license for the election of a successor. In the Nuns' petition 
to the Bishop for leave to elect it is stated that by the canons 
a church regular must not be vacant beyond three months ' ne 
pro defectu regi minis invadat gregem dominicam lupus rapax.' 
On Sept 23 they elect Joan Lancastre to be sacrist, and then 
adjourn to Sept 27. On that day, after mass de Sancto 
Spiritu, those who have jus eligendi meet and decant the 
'yinpn,' Veni Creator, with versicles and collects. Elizabeth 
Walton, succentrix, proclaims notice of the election at the door 
of the Priory and at the door of the chapter-house. Master 
Roger Ratcliffe, LL.D., Robert Bredon, notary public, Master 
Thomas Willis, LL.B., Ds Richard Sampson and Ds Henry 
Whitrate, chaplain, are called in as consiliarii and testes. The 
sisters elect as compromissarii Joan Lancastre, Eliz. Walton 
and [Catherine Seyntelowe, cellarer, who retire to the east end 
of the chapterhouse with the witnesses aforesaid. 1 W. and 
K. S. call upon J. L. to nominate; she nominates E. W.; 
J. L. and K. S. call upon E. W. to nominate ; she nominates 
J. L. E. .W. and J. L. call upon K. S. to nominate ; she 
nominates J. L. Without any interval the comproniissarii 
return and call upon the sisters to nominate, beginning with 
Maud Sudbury ; she nominates J. L., as do Margaret Metham, 
Elena Oraneswik, Emma Hore and Joan Kay. Emma Dentou 
is nominated by Agnes Daveys, Katherine Seyntelowe by 
Emma Denton, Agnes Daveys by Alice Graunfeld. Eliz. 
Walton counts up the votes and declares that Joan Lancastre 
is elected. After this all the sisters, devoutly chanting Te 
Deum, conducted Joan Lancastre, ' renitentem licet' to the 
high altar of the conventual church and there placed her, 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 39 

prostrate on the ground before the altar. The bell was then 
rung and proclamation of the election was made to the public 
in the vulgar tongue before noon. All the sisters then con- 
ducted the Prioress elect to the vestibulum of the church and 
let her depart. At a meeting in the chapter-house in the 
afternoon it was agreed that Eliz. Walton and Katherine 
Seyntelowe should obtain the assent of Joan Lancastre to the 
process of election. She at first asked to be allowed to consider 
the matter ; ' tandem vero precibus devicta et post multas 
excusationes,' she consented to take the oath required of a 
Prioress. Next follows, Sept. 29, the Bishop's commission to 
Master Robert Thwait, S. T. P., to confirm the election, with 
mandate to the Bishop's apparitors to summon all persons 
objecting or otherwise concerned. In the Bishop's court 
Master Edmund Kunnesburgh, decretorum doctor, appears as 
the Nuns' counsel and claims that all has been done legally 
and canonically. Against whom Roger Ratclyffe and others 
alleged objections to the form of election. Then Master 
Kunnesburgh on the part of the Nuns 'exhibuit quandam 
peticionem summariam/ begging the Bishop's official to proceed 
summarily and confirm the election, which he does, affirming 
that nothing has been, proved affecting the validity of the 
election. 



15. Decay and Dissolution of the Nunnery. 

Doubts have sometimes been suggested as to the truth of 
the representations made by Bishop Alcock concerning the 
lapsed condition, moral and material, of the Priory when he 
petitioned King Henry VII for license to convert it into a 
College; and the fact that the royal license to suppress the 
Hospital of S. John describes the decay of that house in 
terms which are almost literally repeated from Alcbck's 
account of S. Radegund's Nunnery is perhaps calculated to 
throw suspicion on the credibility of both accounts. As 
regards Bishop Alcock's statements there is not the slightest 
foundation for such a suspicion. The alleged improvidence of 



40 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

the Nuns is established in the clearest manner on their own 
evidence, and if for the charge of moral shortcomings there is 
little evidence except the Bishop's it must be allowed that he 
made the charge in the first instance to them directly and 
many years before he made up his mind to dissolve their 
house. All the testimony of his contemporaries and im- 
mediate successors gives him the character of an exceptionally 
single-minded and devout prelate, and he had given pointed 
proof a few years previously that in dealing with the abuses 
of a religious house he was disposed to act in a spirit of for- 
bearance and conservatism. In 1480, when he was Bishop of 
Worcester, he personally visited the Benedictine Priory of 
Little Malvern, the brethren of which were reported to have 
dissipated their revenues and to be living ' vagabond ' and like 
la vi 11. -11. The Bishop ordered the Prior to be removed and sent 
to the Abbey of Battle, where he had been first professed, and 
the four monks, who were all that remained in the house, to be 
transferred to Gloucester Abbey until their Priory should be 
reconstituted. Alcock then proceeded to refound the convent ; 
he rebuilt the church, altering its dedication from S. Giles to 
8. John the Evangelist and S. Giles, repaired the monks' lodg- 
ing and discharged their debts. In 1482 the. brethren were 
allowed to return and the Priory continued to exist more or 
less prosperously until the general dissolution, at which time it 
contained seven brethren besides the Prior. After this refor- 
mation of the Priory Bishop Alcock was regarded as its patron 
and founder; its common seal bore his arms, and his figure was 
portrayed in the windows of the conventual church. 

In the absence of direct testimony an entry in the Register 
of Bishop Gray of Ely in the year 1461 suggests that symptoms 
of moral depravation began to show themselves very soon after 
the election of the Prioress Joan Lancastre. In that year 
Elizabeth Butlier, aged about 16, not having completed four 
years in the Nunnery and finding that she cannot serve God 
there with as much devotion as she wishes, obtains leave from 
the Bishop to transfer herself to the Nunnery of S. Helen's, 
London. (Register, fo. 157.) 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 41 

The first evidence of the financial collapse of the Nuns' 
household appears to be the following indenture of the Prioress 
Elizabeth Walton, dated March 13, 1478 ; but if we are to 
believe the account given by the Prioress the responsibility for 
some part of their indebtedness belonged to her predecessors in 
office : 

' Whereas we and our predecessors, Prioresse and Nunnes of 
the saide house at dyvers tymes tofore passed whan we ware 
destitute of money for our pore lyfnng had flessche of Richerd 
Wodecok of Cambrigge, boucher, into the value of the summe 
of xxj u of lawful money of Englond, which he for our ease 
many day hath forborn, And now he of his special favour and 
elmesse for hym and his executours hath granted unto us 
license for to paie unto him yeerly xix 8 to tyme the said summe 
be fully paied and content, as right and conscience requyre, We 
therefore considering his benevolence and good wylle anendst 
us in this behalve wol and by this our presen t writyng endented 
graunt and have graunted unto the said Richerd Wodecok and 
to his executors to have and to receyve of us and our succes- 
sours by his awne hands yearly xix 8 to be taken of thissues and 
profites and ferme of a tenement sett and lyeng in the parissh of 
Seynt Andrewe in the Prechour Strete of Cambrygge abuttyng 
upon the Kyngs Dyche and of j other tenement lyeng in Seynt 
Edwards parisshe of Cambrigge abuttyng upon the Chauncell 
of the same chirche, Which tenements the said Richerd 
Wodecok hath and holdeth of us to ferme by endenture for the 
terme of yeeres as by severall endentures therof by us unto the 
same Richerd his executours and assignes made hit appareth 
more at large To have and to hold the said proufets issues and 
ferme to the value of xix 8 yeerly unto the time that the foresaid 
Richerd by his awne hands be satisfied and content of the said 
xxj'V etc. 

This and another indenture of the following year are the 
latest of the Nuns' documents which bear the large seal of 
the convent figured opposite p. 1. At some time between 
1479 and 1485 the matrix of this seal was apparently lost or 
sold, for to a deed of the latter year (Joan Cambrygg, Prioress) 



42 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

is attached the impression of a very small and poorly executed 
seal, representing S. Radegund crowned and standing with both 
arms uplifted between two upright palm branches, which in 
the deed is said to be the common seal of the Nunnery. 

More direct evidence of the pecuniary straits to which the 
convent was reduced in the last quarter of the 15th century is 
to be found in the accounts of Joan Key, who was treasurer in 
1481 2. Her account roll, written on paper, alike in hand- 
writing, arithmetic and Latinity is a performance which con- 
trasts very unfavourably with that of her predecessor, 30 years 
before. The details moreover which it gives are very scant. 
But one thing is patent enough, viz. that the income of the 
Nuns had dropped from 74 odd at the earlier date to some- 
thing over 31 at the later. It is true that the accounts of 
Joan Key for some reason extend over three-quarters of the 
year only, but it is an awkward circumstance that in those 
nine months her disbursements exceeded her receipts by more 
than 25. Ominous too is the fact that the sale of farm 
produce had practically ceased to be a source of income and 
that the Nuns were driven to purchase barley, oats, malt, etc. 
A small trifle is obtained from the sale of hay, and there are a 
few receipts for * commons ' of perhendinantes, boarders in the 
guest-house, two of them being daughters of the Nuns' benevo- 
lent creditor, Richard Wodecok. There is one new source of 
income, the charitable gifts of individuals, cleric and lay. 

Bishop Alcock was translated to the see of Ely early in 
1486. The death of the Prioress in the following year gave 
him an opportunity for decisive interference in the affairs of 
the Nunnery. He has left a record of his proceedings there 
in his Register (fo. 153) from which the following extracts are 
translated. 

"On the twelfth day of October, A.D. 1487, the Bishop 
visited the house or monastery of the Nuns of S. Mary and S. 
Radegund, then destitute of a Prioress and vacant by the 
death of the late Prioress, Mistress Joan Cambrigge . . . and 
sitting in the chapter-house of the foresaid monastery, on the 
tribunal, delivered his decree as follows. 



I UN 

ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY^ 43 

"In the name of God Amen. We, John, by divine per- 
mission Bishop of Ely, on the 12th day of October, visiting in 
our right as ordinary (jure ordinario) the nunnery of S. Mary 
and S. Radegund, Cambridge, destitute of the solace of a 
Prioress, for certain, true, just, notorious and manifest causes 
find all and singular the Nuns unfit and disqualified to elect 
their future Prioress and therefore decree that in such manner 
of election they are justly deprived of voice. Wherefore we 
take upon ourselves the task of providing from some other like 
religious place a fit person for the vacancy in the said 
Nunnery, the right of electing and providing for the same 
Nunnery having devolved canonically upon us, and having 
the fear of God before our eyes we thus proceed. 

"And you, Mistress Joan Fulborne, duly and lawfully pro- 
fessed of the order of S. Benedict and long time laudably 
conversant in the same, for your good religion and integrity } 
sincere virginity and other merits of prudence and holy con- 
versation credibly reported to us we appoint and provide to 
be Prioress of the same house... 

"And consequently, by mandate of the Bishop, the 
reverend Master William Robynson, bachelor in either law, 
conducted the same Joan Fulborne to the High Altar, while 
the Nuns, with others, solemnly chanted Te Deum, and 
assigned to her the stall in the choir and the place in the 
chapter anciently and of custom appointed to the Prioress, 
and canonically inducted her into the same with all its 
rights and appurtenances." 

The history of the Nunnery from this year onwards to its 
dissolution is almost a blank. The accounts of the town 
treasurer for the year ending the Nativity of the Virgin, 1491, 
contain an entry, "In reward given the Lady Prioress of 
S. Radegund of Cambridge for keeping the common bull in 
the winter time this year, 16 dl ." The Prioress in question was 
the Joan Fulborne above-mentioned, whose name occurs in 
several indentures of the Nunnery, the latest of which is dated 

1 Cooper's Annals, Vol. i. p. 240. 



44 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

Aug. 6, 1493. Whether she died or retired from the Priory 
before the dissolution or was one of the two sisters who were 
the sole occupants of the Nuns' house at the time of Bishop 
Alcock's second visit does not appear 1 . It is certain that she 
was altogether unsuccessful in rehabilitating the character of 
the household committed to her charge. 

The Proctors in their accounts for the year 1496 mention a 
sum of 16 d expended " for wine given the Bishop of Ely at the 
Nuns' house." The letters patent of Henry VII. for the 
foundation of Jesus College, dated June 12 in the eleventh 
year of his reign, t.c. 1496*, reveal the condition of affairs 
reported by the Bishop to the King at the time, it would 
seem, of this visit. It is therein stated that the King, as 
well by the report of the Bishop as by public fame, is in- 
formed that the House or Priory of S. Radegund of the 
foundation and patronage of the Bishop, as in right of his 
church of Ely, together with all its lands, tenements, rents, 
possessions and buildings, and moreover the properties, goods, 
jewels and other ecclesiastical ornaments anciently of piety 
and charity given and granted to the same House or Priory, 
by the neglect, improvidence, extravagance and incontinence 
of the Prioresses and women of the said House, by reason 
of their proximity to the University of Cambridge, have 
been dilapidated, destroyed, wasted, alienated, diminished and 
subtracted; in consequence of which the Nuns are reduced 

1 Archbishop Parker, in the History of the University which is appended to 
his Antiqiiitate* Eccletiae Britannicae, states that Bishop Alcock 'Alexandra 
sexto papae retulit abbatissam sanctimonialiom Radegondae, ordinis Sancti 
Benedict!, hand pie casteque vixisse; eaque decedente abbatiam ad ruinam 
paratam et a virginibns ordinem deserentibus desolatam fuisse, anno Domini 
1496.' Apart from the error in the title of abbess Parker's whole account of 
the Nunnery is so inaccurate that no reliance can be placed on his evidence. 

2 In Rymer's Foedera the date is given as 1497 ; the same date is given in 
Document* relating to the University and Town of Cambridge (where the 
document is printed in full), in Caley's Monasticon, and by Cooper and most 
modern authorities. But the original in the College Treasury, with royal seal 
appended, reads beyond question 'anno regni nostri undecimo,' i.e. 14956. 
This accords with Sherman's statement that Alcock began to rebuild the fabric, 
'instaurare fabricam coepit,' in the eleventh year of Henry VII. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 45 

to such want and poverty that they are unable to maintain 
and support divine services, hospitality and other such works 
of mercy and piety as by the primary foundation and ordin- 
ance of their founders are required ; that they are reduced in 
number to two only, of whom one is elsewhere professed, the 
other is of ill-fame l , and that they can in no way provide for 
their own sustenance and relief, insomuch that they are fain to 
abandon their House and leave it in a manner desolate. 

John Mair, or Major, as his name was Latinized, who was 
resident at Christ's College for a few months in the early part 
of the 15th century, when the facts connected with the disso- 
lution were within living recollection, says that the suggestion 
of converting the Nunnery into a College originated with 
Dr Stubs. The person indicated was no doubt William 
Chubbes, S. T. P., the first Master of the College, whose name 
occurs with a variety of spellings in the earliest deeds of the 
College. 

Sherman, in his Latin History of the College, makes the 
statement, which has since been copied in other books about 
Cambridge, that by direction of the Founder the College was 
dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, S. John the Evangelist 
and the glorious S. Radegund, and took its popular name 
of Jesus College from the conventual church which was 
dedicated to the Name of Jesus. For the latter part of 
this assertion there is not the slightest evidence. The 
testimony of the Nuns' muniments shows conclusively that 
the Nunnery, the parish and the lane were as late as the 
beginning of Henry VII's reign known simply by their old 
title of S. Radeguud's, nor is there any ground for supposing 
that the church itself received a fresh dedication so long as 
the Nunnery existed. In the preamble to the Statutes which 

1 It is scarcely worth while correcting the many errors in Fuller's account 
of the Nunnery, but it deserves to be mentioned that his jest, " Tradition saith 
that of the two [nuns] remaining one was with child, the other but a child y " 
is based on the misreading of infamis in the letters patent as infaw. Godwin 
had made the same mistake before Fuller, and infant is the reading wrongly 
given in Document* relating to the University and Colleges of Cambridge. 



46 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

Bishop Stanley of Ely gave to the College in 1514 it is stated 
that the church of the College is consecrated to the Name 
of Jesus, and that the College is erected and founded in 
honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary, S. John the Evangelist 
and S. Radegund, but that it shall be called Jesus College and 
the Fellows and Scholars shall be called Scholares Jesu 1 . 

A Compotus roll for the year Henry VII, 13 14, %.e. 
1497 g, apparently the first of the newly founded College, 
exists in the College Treasury. It throws an interesting light 
on the financial situation inherited by the College from the 
Nuns, though unfortunately it gives no information as to the 
condition of the conventual buildings. The Nunnery indeed 
is not once alluded to in it, nor is there any express acknow- 
ledgement of the fact that the Nuns' property had passed into 
new hands. The computant has no arrears to account for; 
in the margin, opposite the heading, ' Collegium Jfeu ' occupies 
the place of ' Prioratus See Radegundis'; otherwise there is 
no recognition of the changes which had just occurred. The 
collector is one William Pykerell, who was a Fellow of the 
College soon after its foundation, but against many of the 

1 There seems to have been some uncertainty at first as to the formal title 
of the College. In the King's letters patent it is described as 'Collegium 
Beatissime Marie Virginia, Sancti Johannia Evangeliste et Qloriose Virginia 
Sancte Radegundis.' But in an address of the Master, William Chubbes, and 
Fellows to the King, of which there is a transcript in the Ely Episcopal 
Registers (Alcock, fol. 125), belonging apparently to the year 1497, it is called 
' Collegium Jesu, Beate Marie Virginis et Sancti Johannis Evangeliste.' 
Popularly the College seems from the first to have been known only as Jesus 
College. The name Jesus Lane occurs in the town accounts of 1497 : Jesus 
church and Jesus parish are mentioned in documents of the early years of the 
16th century, though, inconsistently enough, there is mention of the parish 
church of 8. Radegund in cap. 19 of Bishop Stanley's Statutes. The original 
College seal, of which an impression exists in the College Treasury attached 
to a deed temp. Henry VIII. , bears the legend, BIOILLVM COLLEOII mv : MARIE 
ET IOHIS : EVAO. CANTEBB. In its upper portion are represented under canopies 
the Virgin and S. John standing on either side of the Saviour, and the base 
displays a shield bearing the Five Wounds. Archbishop Rotherham's foundation 
of Jesus College, Rotherham, dates from 1498. Rotherham was Lord 
Chancellor conjointly with Alcock, and appointed him executor of his will. 
He was also provost of the collegiate church of Beverley, Alcock's native town. 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 47 

entries of receipts is set the name or initial of Griggeson, one 
of the original Fellows, who evidently helped in rent-collecting. 
Beyond payment of quit-rents, fifteenths, &c. and a few inci- 
dental expenses of collection there are no disbursements. 
There is however mention of certain sums of money, amounting 
in all to 9. 6$. 8d., paid to Henry Lecheman, who was another 
of the original Fellows. The purpose of these payments is not 
stated. They may have been connected with the building 
of the College, but the absence of fabric charges seems 
to show that the costs of adapting the conventual buildings 
to College uses were borne mainly by the Founder or his 
friends. There are no payments to College officials; neither 
Griggeson nor Lecheman is described as Fellow, and William 
Chubbes, who is mentioned, is not styled Master. A sum of 
43. 85. Sd. is advanced to John Ware of Fulburn for farm 
stock. An indenture of the same year (Henry VII, 14) shows 
that in consideration of this advance Ware released to the 
College a farm of 21 acres at Fulburn, of which the College 
gave him a lease for 8 years. The remaining balance, amount- 
ing to 25. 17s. lOfd, is retained in the hands of Pykerell and 
Griggeson. The entries under the head of rent receipts show 
that the College receivers found the Nuns' affairs in a 
singularly chaotic state which they had not as yet succeeded 
in reducing to order. There is a long list of tenements whose 
rent is held over for the time owing to an uncertainty as to the 
sum, 'eo quod feodum ignoratum est/ Nine tenements in 
Jesus Lane return no rent, as being vacant. The former 
occupants seem to have been servants employed by the Nuns. 

As late as the year 1511 among the inmates of the 
Benedictine Nunnery of Davington, Kent, at the time of 
its visitation by Archbishop Warham, was one Elizabeth 
Awdeley, who had been professed at Cambridge. As she had 
been resident at Davington for 20 years she must have been 
one of the sisters who abandoned S. Radegund's before its 
dissolution *. 

1 Visitation of Archbishop Warham, by Miss M. Bateson in English Historical 
Review, Vol. vi. p. 27. 



48 ANNALS OF THE NUNNKI^ . 



16. Radegund Manor. Qarlick Fair. Radegund Titfos. 

The name and memory of the Nuns' house were still 
perpetuated at the beginning of the present century in the 
manor of S. Radegund and the Radegund tithes, and with 
the former was still associated another survival of Nunnery 
days, the fair on the festival of the Assumption. The manor 
and the fair have long since passed away : the tithe, attenuated 
into a formal payment of insignificant amount, still exists. 
All three institutions in their origin were rooted in the 
beginnings of the Nunnery, and I have thought it on that 
account worth while to put together here the few noteworthy 
facts concerning them which I have been able to discover. 

The manor of S. Radegund consisted of the old demesne 
lands of the Nuns, and generally its boundaries coincided with 
those of S. Radegund parish, but it did not include the 
dwelling-houses in Jesus Lane. As the Nuns did not let it 
to tenants it was not styled a manor in their time, nor was 
there on it any dwelling of the nature of a manor-house. The 
old manor-house of S. Radegund, which stood nearly on the 
site of the present All Saints' vicarage, was destroyed in 1831. 
Its last tenant was the Rev. Isaac Leathes, a former Fellow of 
the College, who parted with the remainder of his lease of the 
manor to the College in Dec. 1830. To his descendant, the 
Rev. Prof. Stanley Leathes, now an Honorary Fellow of Jesus 
College, I am indebted for the loan of a water-colour sketch of the 
house, taken from the north, of which the engraving opposite 
is a reproduction. An aged servant of the College, recently 
deceased, who well remembered the old manor-house, de- 
scribed it to me as being, just before its demolition, in a 
dilapidated state, and the garden as a wilderness. Near the 
end of the grounds where Manor Street has since been built 
the same authority told me that there was a handsome 
fountain. The two projecting wings of the house are shown in 
the sketch to be red brick ; the central portion was apparently 
stuccoed. 




4 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 49 

In the first College lease book there is a transcript of 
a lease of the manor, dated 1555, in which it is stated that 
the manor-house had then been newly built by Mr Edmund 
Perpoynte, Master of the College, at his own charge, amounting 
to 400 \ It took the place of an older house which recently 
had been 'utterly burnt by casualtie of fire/ All the 
dominical lands were included in this lease with these ex- 
ceptions the ground enclosed within mud walls, commonly 
called the churchyard, all woods and underwoods, the inner 
court, the Master's and Fellows' gardens, and the close at the 
west side of the school house, i.e. the western part of the 
present Fellows' garden. As the ground occupied by the 
entrance court of the College was not excepted it is probable 
that the farm buildings in the Nuns' curia were still standing 
and in use, or others in their place. Except the gatehouse 
and school adjoining it no College buildings stood there. 

The fair on the festival of the Assumption of the Virgin 
Mary was granted to the Nuns by charter of King Stephen. 
This charter is not now extant, but the fact is recorded in the 
Hundred Rolls *. The circumstance that the fair was held on 
the vigil and feast of the Assumption, i.e. August 14 and 15, 
seems to indicate, as already stated, that the Nunnery church 
was originally dedicated to S. Mary, but it is to be noted that 
Aug. 14 was also the day on which S. Radegund was com- 
memorated. A third day was added to the duration of the 
fair by charter of Henry VI., dated the sixteenth year of his 
reign (Charters, 9). 

The name Garlick Fair, by which it was generally known in 
its last days, occurs first in an entry in the Bursar's accounts for 
1577-8. 

1 Bentham, History of Ely, Appendix, p. 46, mentions that in a window of 
the manor-house, in the year 1744, were blazoned the arms of Bishop Goodrich 
of Ely. Goodrich was Fellow of Jesus in 1510, and Bishop of Ely 15341554. 

2 H. R. n. p. 359, 'Item predicte Priorissa et Moniales habent quan- 
dam feriam ad festum Asumpcionis Beate Marie Virginis duraturam per duos 
dies, sc. in vigilia Asumpcionis Beate Marie cum die sequenti quam quidem 
feriam habent ex concessione Stephani quondam Regis Anglie per cartam quam 
habent de Bege predicto.' 

C. A. S. Octavo Series. 4 



50 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

" for ledding ij payns in the sowth wyndowe there (t.. in the chapel) 
next to the garlicke fayre closse, &c., iij*. vjrf." 

The close here referred to and otherwise known as ' the 
churchyard' occupied the position of the eastern portion of 
what is now the Master's garden, on the southern side of the 
chapel. It was entered by gates opening on Jesus Lane. In 
the Nuns' accounts for 1449-50 there is a charge of 12d. for a 
lock and key for these gates ('pro portis vocatis feyregates'). 
They stood on the site of the still existing wooden door on the 
western side of the iron gates through which the new approach 
from Jesus Lane to the Chapel Court is entered. As late as 
1803 this gate was described by the then Bursar as ' Garlic 
Fair Gate.' The churchyard was enclosed with mud walls 
dividing it on one side from the Master's garden, on the other 
from the 'Master's close,' or 'pond yard.' Probably the fair 
had been held there from the first, but after the inclusion of 
the site in the Master's garden it seems to have been trans- 
ferred to the western margin of the College close, adjoining the 
King's Ditch, where it gave its name to Garlic Fair Lane, now 
Park Street 

As a trade mart the fair seems never to have had any 
importance. Though the Nuns and, after them, the College in 
its earlier days were considerable buyers at both Midsummer 
and Sturbridge fairs, and on occasions even resorted to 
8. Audrey's fair at Ely, they seem never to have marketed at 
the fair which was held in their own grounds. The tolls 
received by the Nuns in 1449-50 amounted only to 5. 2d., 
and in the following year to 5s. In the earlier year the toll 
collectors received 6d. as wage ; a cook hired to help in the 
kitchen at the fair time also received 3d. In the 16th and 
earlier part of the 17th century the profits of the fair, including 
' waiffs and stray thes/ were regularly included in the lease 
of the manor. After 1635 there appears in the accounts an 
annual entry of 1 received as profits of the fair, which, with 
not unfrequent omissions in the later years, continues until 
1709, after which it ceases 1 . But until 1838, when the manor- 
1 In the College Begister, July 16, 1642, occurs an entry, ' Bogerus Har- 



ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 51 

house was destroyed and the close thenceforth let on an annual 
tenancy, in every lease of the manor there was a covenant that 
the College ' shall have liberty to keep a fair within and over 
the close, or such part thereof as hath been used for that 
purpose, on the feast day of the Assumption of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary yearly, or at such other time or times as it may 
keep the same.' The fair seems to have been still in existence 
at the beginning of the present century, about which time 
Bowtell writes (MSS. pp. 205 11), 'On the 14th, 15th and 16th 
August this Fair is still constantly observed by the Inhabitants 
of Jesus Lane, who claim it as a Privilege belonging peculiarly 
to their Situation and invite Strangers to partake of their 
Festivity in strong ale and cheerless (sic) Frumenty. But 
these Meetings are now attended with far less Rejoicings than 
they were formerly, when Minstrels and Musicians were 
engaged to heighten the celebration,' &c. The New Cambridge 
Guide, published in 1809, speaks ambiguously of its existence 
at that date. 'There was formerly another festival, called 
Garlick Fair, celebrated here ; which was granted by Henry VI. 
to the Nuns of St Radegund, and held in Jesus Lane, on the 
14th of August and two following days ; but this is now nearly 
abolished.' 

The Radegund tithes were commonly leased by the College 
to the tenant of the manor. Like the tithes of all the 
Cambridge churches they were drawn from the common fields 
of the town. These fields, tilled by the possessors on the open 
field system, extended on all sides round the town as far as the 
borough limits. The fields on the north and west sides of the 
town were collectively known as Cambridge fields, and on their 
inner side were bounded by a watercourse extending from 
Queens' Green to the Bin Brook, and from thence by the Bin 
Brook to its junction with the river. The fields on the south 
and east sides of the town were anciently known as Barnwell 
fields; their inner boundary coincided generally with the 
course of the King's Ditch from the point where it leaves the 

rison constitutes est Ballivus noster pro Garlicke faire hoc anno 1642.' No 
other appointment by the College of a bailiff for the fair is recorded. 

42 



52 ANNALS OF THE NUNNERY. 

river at the King's Mill to the place where it rejoins it at the 
angle of Jesus Green. The Cambridge and the Barn well 
fields were to the last cultivated as distinct, and separate Acts 
of Parliament were required for their enclosure, the former 
in 1802, the latter in 1807. Both Acts contained provisions 
for making allotments in lieu of tithes, but the great tithes 
belonging to Jesus College in the Barnwell fields were specially 
retained in the Act of 1807, and, as * Radegund tithes,' exist 
at the present day. The tithes of Cambridge fields were 
known as the tithes of S. Giles and the tithes of S. Rade- 
gund, the former apparently including the parishes of S. 
Giles, S. Peter and All Saints next the Castle, the churches 
of which were appropriated to S. Giles' Priory, Barnwell, 
while the latter would represent the tithes of S. Clement's, 
which belonged to the almoner of S. Radegund's Priory. The 
tithes of Barnwell fields on the other hand belonged exclusively 
to the southern parishes. The old tithe books show that they 
belonged to the churches of S. Andrew the Great, S. Mary next 
the Market, S. Mary the Less, S. Bene't and the Holy Trinity, 
to the almoner of Barnwell Priory, as impropriator of S. Ed- 
ward's, S. Sepulchre's, S. John's and S. Botolph's, and to 
S. Radegund's Nunnery, in right, no doubt, of All Saints' Church 
in Jewry. In a printed report of an action (Anderson v. 
Broadbelt) which took place in 1816, with respect to the right 
of Jesus College to the Radegund tithe in Barnwell fields, it is 
stated that ' the Inhabitants of All Saints' parish in perambu- 
lating their boundaries had uniformly included the fields of 
Barnwell in consequence of their right to the Rates on those 
Tithes/ 




ENTRANCE 
COURT 



A. l.'itriiin. K. 

B. Well. L. 

C. ? Novices' Dorter on upper floor. M. 

D. 'The Cloister end*. N. 

E. Dark Entry. O. 

F. ? Calefactory. P. 

G. ? Vestry. g. 
H. Sacristan's chamber. K. 
J. Vestibule. S. 



Camera of Prioress. 

The Entry'. 

? Cheker of Cellaress. 

The Cook's Chamber'. 

Pincerna. 

Kitchen. 

? Guest Hall of Prioress. 

Outer Gates. 

? Almonrv. 



^i Existing Walls and Foundations. 

i ; \ H . j> .t'n. -tii-iii. 

Fig. III. PLAN OK THE NUNNERY BUILDINGS. 



To face pay? 53. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 53 



THE BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

The scope of the Architectural History in the chapters 
dealing with Jesus College, except in the case of the Chapel, 
does not include any detailed account of the Nunnery build- 
ings. Though such an account was outside the plan adopted 
by the authors in the case of other colleges it is matter for 
much regret that Professor Willis left no notes for the treat- 
ment of this subject, on which he could have written with the 
authority of a master. 

In the preamble to the Statutes of Nicholas West, Bishop 
of Ely 1515-1533, the statement is made that the College was 
' paene ab ipsis fundamentis noviter aedificatum et construc- 
tum ' by the Founder himself. Apparently the construction to 
be put upon the words ' noviter aedificatum ' is that from the 
ground-floor upwards Alcock reconstructed the Nuns' buildings 
in such a way as to give them the appearance of being new ; 
unless the expression is inaccurate it cannot mean that a new 
fabric was raised on the old foundations. The former, at least, 
is the only interpretation which can be reconciled with what 
is known of Alcock's operations in the case of the Chapel; it 
corresponds equally with the facts brought to light by recent 
discoveries connected with the domestic buildings occupying 
Nunnery sites. It is probable enough, though the fact is 
not stated in the royal letters patent, that the Nuns left 
their dwellings in such a state of disrepair as to be scarcely 
habitable; that was an incident common to college as well 
as monastic buildings, and as late as the reign of Edward VI. 
the Bursars' accounts show that a considerable number of 
chambers were unoccupied 'per defectum reparacionis.' But 
the poverty and neglect of a quarter of a century which, 
no doubt, had made havock of thatched roofs and stud-par- 
titions could have had little effect on the outward walls of 



54 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

solid clunch, which, under a facing of later brick, still testify 
to the durability of the work of the Nunnery builders, and 
Alcock had too much practical skill to destroy buildings 
which could easily be adapted to the needs of a college, and 
harmonized to 15th century fashions in architecture. In the 
Refectory, in the whole of the ranges occupying the eastern 
and western sides of the cloister, and in their prolongations 
northwards into the third or kitchen court the walls of the 
Nunnery still rise to their original height. Alcock, or the 
builders who succeeded him, cased them with brick, and, as a 
third storey was added to the two in which the Nunnery for 
the most part was contained, it was necessary to heighten the 
whole structure with a few feet of brickwork. A Hat roof 
having been substituted on the chapel for one of high pitch the 
opportunity was taken of bringing the roofs of all the build- 
ings which surround the cloister to a uniform level. In interior 
arrangement Alcock worked with a somewhat freer hand, but 
with some help from documentary evidence it is not difficult 
beneath his alterations and those of later times to trace the 
plan of the Nunnery and to locate its principal parts. 
The documents which serve this purpose are : 

(1) The accounts of the Nunnery Treasuresses, printed on 
pp. 145-178. 

(2) The statutes of Bishop Stanley (circa 1514), which 
contain some interesting details as to the chambers assigned to 
the various inmates of the College. 

(3) The College Bursars' accounts. 

The earliest volume of the Bursars' accounts dates from 
1557, from which year they are continued in uninterrupted 
succession to the present time. The authors of the Archi- 
tectural History have largely availed themselves of the 
materials contained in these volumes. They do not appear 
to have been acquainted with the existence of a series of 
Bursars' Computus rolls, some on vellum, others on paper, 
beginning with the year 1534-1535, and continuing thence 
to 1548-1549. Unlike the later accounts these rolls are 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 55 

written in Latin and contain no details of expenditure on 
repairs and building. But for our purpose they have a special 
importance in that they contain a complete Rental of the 
chambers in the College, specifying their locality and mention- 
ing, besides the camerae of the Fellows and students, the 
offices of the College which were not subject to rent. The 
apartments which they enumerate are those occupying the 
four sides of the cloister-court, together with those contained in 
the building which continues the eastern cloister range at the 
east end of the Hall and into the third court, and the Kitchen 
range at the west end of the Hall. The chambers allotted to 
the Master are not stated in detail, and there is no mention 
of any buildings in the entrance court, except on its eastern 
side. 

It is unfortunate that the Nunnery accounts give us hardly 
any information which will help us to realise the appearance, 
or determine the situation, of the various monastic offices. 
Besides the church the only buildings mentioned in them are 
the Refectory, the Aula (i.e. the Guest or Cellarer's Hall), the 
chamber over the outer gates, the Hospicium (a general term 
for all the buildings external to the cloister brewing and 
candle-making were carried on there), the Latrina, the Kitchen, 
the Cow-house, the Malt-kiln, the Garner (Orreum) and the 
Barn (Granatorium). The Infirmary and Chapter-house are 
referred to in several deeds. Of the Dorter, the Parlour, the 
Warming-house, the Sacristy and the Lodging of the Prioress 
the Nunnery documents make no mention. 

Before proceeding to the buildings grouped about the 
cloister we may in few words say all that is known of the outer 
yard or curia of the Nunnery. With the authors of the 
Architectural History we may fairly certainly assume that it 
occupied the position of the entrance court of the College. The 
accounts for the year 1449-50 mention certain ' magnas portas 
exteriores' with a building (domus) adjoining them, which in 
that year was thatched with sedge. In the following year's 
accounts is an item for reeds for the repair of the chamber 
'desuper portas exteriores huius monasterii.' As there seems 



56 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

to have been only a single chamber above these gates it would 
appear that the entrance was not marked by any tower, and 
resembled the gateways of the older colleges, such as Pembroke 
and Corpus 1 . The Gatehouse no doubt occupied the position 
of the present Gate- tower, and was approached from the road 
by the passage which is now known as ' the Chimney 2 .' This 
passage served also as an approach to the door at the west end 
of the Nave, which was the entrance to the Church for the 
parishioners. On its east side was the churchyard. 

On the west side of the gate in the earliest College days 
existed a small building of two storeys (plan, S) which was the 
grammar-school, founded by the Lady Katherine, widow of Sir 
Reginald Bray. Sherman states that the school-house was 
built by the latter ; but as the deeds relating to the foundation 
do not state the fact it must be regarded as to some extent 
doubtful. Possibly Sir Reginald Bray merely adapted one of 
the Nunnery buildings, perhaps the Almonry, for the purpose. 

On the east side of the Gate Tower is a wing of the Lodge, 
containing the dining-room on the ground floor (plan, Q). 
The Statutes of Bishop Stanley show that this wing was 
occupied by the Master in the first years of the existence of 
the College. During alterations to the Lodge which were 
carried out in the course of the year 1886 two window arches 
were discovered on the inner side of the northern wall of the 
dining-room (plan, k, k'). They were narrow and lofty, the 
crown reaching two or three feet above the ceiling. Unfor- 
tunately they were covered before any notes or drawings were 
made of them, but it is sufficiently clear that they must have 
been blocked early in the 16th century, as three windows of 
that date have been inserted in the wall. The loftiness of the 
apartment which they lighted shows that it must have been 
one of some dignity, and its contiguity to the Lodging of the 
Prioress suggests that it may have been the Guest Hall of the 

1 See Arch. Hut. Vol. ra. p. 283. 

2 If there were any evidence for the antiquity of the name it might be 
conjectured that it was descended from the L.-L. chiminum, a road; but it 
does not occur in the Bursars' books before last century. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 57 

Prioress. At the N.W. corner of this room is a blocked 
doorway opening on the passage under the Gate-tower. In 
the Statutes of Bishop West (chap. 10) it is provided that the 
Master's servant shall act as exceptor or janitor. A correspond- 
ing arrangement may have existed in the Nunnery: it is at 
least noteworthy that Jesus is the only Cambridge College in 
which the Lodge adjoins the Gate. 

The Bursars' Rentals already mentioned always begin their 
enumeration of the College chambers with those which are 
described as being in 'le North Corner Claustri desuper le 
Coolehouse.' Next follow those at the east end of the Hall 
and on the east side of the cloister-court, and then successively 
those on the south side of the cloister, ' next the west end of 
the Church,' and those on its west and north sides. There is 
no mention of staircases, but the rooms are distinguished in 
the order ' lower/ ' middle ' and ' upper.' Each chamber may 
be readily localized, as there has been practically little altera- 
tion of the internal arrangement of this part of the College 
since the first half of the 16th century. 

The ' North Corner ' of the cloister mentioned in the 
Bursars' Rolls is manifestly that portion of the range on the E. 
side of the cloister which is continued on the N. side of the 
Hall, and is now known as staircase K. At the extremity of 
this range, next the modern (1822) building which continues 
it northwards, there is a low wooden door on the ground-level, 
which opens on a flight of steps descending about 4ft. Gin. 
below the present ground-surface outside. Descending these 
steps we find ourselves in what resembles a narrow passage 
(plan, A), flanked on either side by clunch walls about 4 ft. 
apart and closed at its further end by the E. wall of the range. 
The floor of the adjoining rooms on the first floor of staircase 
K is carried across the passage, so that those rooms are larger 
than those below them by the space contained between the 
walls. The wall opposite the door of entrance is pierced by a 
very small aperture at the height of 12 ft. from the ground on 
the inner side. From the parallel walls spring the remains of 
ancient brick arches which have formerly spanned the vault. 



58 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

In this hardly altered relic of the Nunnery it is easy to 
recognise the conventual latrina mentioned in the accounts of 
1450-1451. It continued to be used for the same purpose at 
least as late as 1567-8. In the accounts of that year it is 
distinguished as * the olde privye ' from a new ' howse of 
office ' which was then being built in the same quarter of the 
College 1 . 

The floor of the latrina consists of natural gravel, almost 
undisturbed. The channel of which it was the bed was con- 
ducted from the fans often mentioned in the Nuns' accounts. 
This /OTW, which furnished the water supply of the Nunnery, 
is still represented by a disused pump on the N. side of the 
Hall (plan, B), which gave its name to the ' Pump Court,' as 
the third court of the College was till recently called. From 
this fans, which perhaps was an open trough or cistern, an 
open channel, called in the accounts of 1572-3 'y e kytching 
sinke ditche,' or 'the Bog-house ditch' (1650-1), traversed the 
court in the direction of the latrina. In the accounts for 
1708-9 are charges for 'covering in y* drayn from y e kitchen 
and pump/ Beyond the latrina the ditch passed into a ' pit ' 
or ' pond/ 

As the latrina in monasteries adjoined the Dorter it is 
fairly certain that the latter was contained in the range of 
which the latrina and the N. transept of the Church are 
the extremitiea Like all monastic dormitories it was on the 
upper floor, and was probably divided in the manner described 
in the Rites of Durham by transverse partitions of wainscote 
into a double row of chambers, each lighted by a window 
in the wall adjoining. In the staircase in the N.E. angle of 
the cloister may be seen a wall recess which appears to mark 
the position of one of these windows, consisting of a single 
narrow light (plan, a). 

1 As there were two distinct sets of shafts descending to the ditch from the 
closets above, one set in front of the other, like those found in medieval 
buildings of more than two storeys, it would appear that there were two upper 
storeys of closets, and that consequently the E. range of the cloister to which 
these closets formed the termination was, in this part at least, arranged in 
three storeys. The cluuch wall at the N. is carried up to the present roof. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 59 

The Dorter seems to have extended over the Chapter-house, 
but not so far as to the gable-wall of the N. transept. The 
surmise of the authors of the Architectural History that the 
Nuns had an access from the Dorter to the transept by the 
circular staircase, or ' vice/ in the N.E. angle of the latter is 
devoid of foundation. The unaltered wall on the Dorter side 
of this ' vice ' shows no trace of a doorway, and the narrow 
and dark stair would be a most inconvenient means of enter- 
ing the church. There is indeed in the N.W. angle of the 
transept a door, now blocked (plan, 6), which may very likely 
have admitted the Nuns from the Dorter without the neces- 
sity of passing through the cloister. But, as at first designed, 
the Dorter clearly did not abut on the transept. The cills 
of the triplet of Norman windows in this wall are at such a 
height as to make it clear that there was no building next 
it on the level of the upper floor. As moreover the ' vice ' 
has a narrow aperture in the same wall, above the first floor 
level, designed to light the stairs, it can only have had a 
ground-floor building next it on the N. side. This building 
(plan, G) probably contained a staircase descending from the 
Dorter to the transept door 1 . 

At its N. end the Nuns' Dorter must have been closed 
by the wall which extends the line of the N. wall of the 
Hall. This is now the only transverse wall of solid masonry 
in the range, and unquestionably is of Nunnery date. But it 
is only on the ground floor that it appears as a continuous 
wall of clunch. On the upper floors the portion of it nearest 
the Hall, 10 feet in breadth, is merely a stud-partition with a 
thin clunch wall on the ground floor below; in the eastern 
portion the thicker clunch continues to the full height of 
the Dorter. Here the Nunnery arrangement seems to be 
practically unaltered. The space next to the E. wall of the 

1 The clunch wall of the cloister between the Chapter House and the N. 
transept was stripped of its plaster in 1894, and was seen to consist of rough 
materials of all kinds, including a half-worked Norman capital. It bore no 
trace of either door or window. But there was nothing to show that the exposed 
face was more than a refacing of post-Nunnery date. 



60 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

Refectory, having no windows to light it, was perhaps not used 
for sleeping chambers, and served as a passage to the latrina 
and the room next the Dorter on its N. side (plan, C). This 
room, if the usual monastic arrangement was followed, may 
have been the Dorter of the Novices. Above it, as already 
shown, there was a room on the second floor. 

The arrangement indicated above remained very little 
altered in the 16th century, as is shown by documentary 
evidence of that date. I shall not apologise for quoting this 
evidence, as in interesting details it illustrates the continuity 
of collegiate with monastic life which was, perhaps is, a feature 
distinguishing Jesus from other Cambridge colleges. 

The existence of a chamber of more than ordinary im- 
portance, next to the latrina, is indicated by cap. 28 of 
Bishop Stanley's Statutes. This statute, which gives par- 
ticular directions as to the assignment of chambers in the 
College, contains the following clause: 

"Omnes camera (exceptis tribus de principalioribus, camera videlicet 
ex parte boreali summi Altaris, camera ad occidentalem partem Aulae 
quam modo M r Fitzberbert inhabitat et camera proxiiua communem 
latrinam quam modo M r Ogle tenet quas volumus pro venerabilioribus 
personis ad Collegium nostrum praedictum confluentibus custodiri) nisi 
alias magistro placuerit, praefatis sociis, perbendiuantibus et seholarilms 
}>er praefatum magistrum distribuantur." 

As regards the last of the chambers indicated, that, 
namely, which adjoined the latrina, the directions of the 
statute seem generally to have been observed in the 16th 
century. During the years 1544-1550 it was occupied by 
a certain Mr Badcocke, who is probably to be identified with 
John Badcocke, the last prior of Barnwell, who surrendered 
his house to the crown in 1538 and was subsequently incum- 
bent of S. Andrew's the Less, Barnwell 1 . In 1572 it was 
occupied by Lord Wharton, and in 1576-9 by Bancroft, after- 
wards Archbishop of Canterbury, who, though distinguished as 
a tutor, and, as a continuator of Sherman's Historia observes, 

1 Cooper, Athenae Cantab., Vol. i. p. 219. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 61 

' potestate plane magistral! pollens/ was never a Fellow of the 
College. The Bursars' Rentals of 1535-1550 show certain 
circumstances connected with this guest-chamber which dis- 
tinguish it from other rooms in the College. As a matter of 
fact it consisted of two chambers, on the middle and upper 
floor respectively, and the tenant also sometimes rented the 
coal-house below them. Each of the chambers is called a 
1 half-chamber ' (medietas camerae), but, as the tenant paid 
for each the same rent as other tenants on the same floors, 
it would seem that the half-chambers were not inferior in 
size to ordinary College chambers. The explanation of the 
designation 'half-chamber' seems to lie in the fact that a 
portion of the middle and upper floor-space was required for 
the passage connecting this quarter of the College with the 
rooms in the upper floors of the eastern cloister-range. This 
passage, here about 8 feet wide, is still to be distinguished 
in the gyp-rooms of the four upper chambers at the N. end 
of the range, which, unlike those on the lower floor, are of 
substantial masonry. The passage on the second floor was 
entered from the chamber, now a lumber-room, at the E. 
end of the Hall through a wooden doorcase, of 16th century 
design, set in the stud- wall already mentioned as continuing 
the N. wall of the Hall. This stud-wall apparently did not 
exist in the Nunnery or early College days, for in the angle 
next the oriel of the Hall there was formerly, on each of the 
upper floors a window, the upper one of smaller size, so 
splayed as to light the dark portion of the passage extend- 
ing along the E. wall of the Hall 1 . At the end of this 
passage, on the top floor and over the latrina, there is a very 
small chamber, approached through a stone door-case and 
lighted from the third court by a diminutive window. Its 

1 These windows now exist only as cupboard recesses on the inner side of 
the wall. But externally they may be recognized by the brick which has been 
used for blocking them being of a different colour from the rest of the wall. 
In the highest storey of the building next the W. end of the Hall there is still 
a passage which leads from the N. wall of the range, over the kitchen as far as 
the N.W. angle of the cloister-court, and in the N. and S. ends of the gable 
wall of the Hall there are small windows splayed in the manner above described. 



62 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

position and dimensions sufficiently prove it to have been a 
necessarium. 

Apart from the convenience of a covered approach to the 
latrina, the passage was rendered necessary by the fact that 
the gate leading from the Nuns' cloister to the third court 
was always locked at night. The frequent mention in the 
Bursars' accounts of purchases of keys and repairs to the lock 
of the "cloisters gate" seems to show that in the earlier 
College period no egress was permitted at night beyond the 
cloister-court. 

The description in the Bursars' Rolls of this quarter of 
the College as the * North Corner Claustri' is an indication 
of the fact, otherwise established by entries in the Audit 
books, that a cloister-walk existed here in the 16th century, 
as, no doubt, had been the case in Nunnery times. The 
Audit books call this ' the cloister end/ and it adjoined ' the 
woodyard 1 .' It was otherwise described as a Mane' or 
'gallery*,' both of which words were once used to denote a 
cloister- walk*. This external cloister was an extension of 
the eastern walk of the cloister-quadrangle, with which it 
communicated by a passage under the dais of the Hall (i.e. 
the Refectory), an arrangement common in monasteries. This 
passage remained in use at least as late as 1648-9, when 
it was known as the ' Dark Entry 4 ,' the name which was 

1 Accounts 1572-8: 'To Barraker slatinge in the woodyarde over the 
cloister ende going up to my lord Wharton's chamber... mending the foundations 
of the cloisters on the outside towards the inner corte and mending the founda- 
tion of the wall in the entrie going up to my lord Wharton's chamber,' &c. 

* Accounts 1567-8: 'Barnes bill for...underpinninge the walles of the 
lane going to the house of office and for tiling,' Ac. Same year: 'Imprimis 
vij daies before Whitsondaie when Thomas Gallant wrought pulling down the 
slate of the gallerie and the walle goinge to the walle of the olde howse of 
office,' Ac. In 1576-7 mention occurs of 'y Layne going down to y Bo- 
cardes.' 'Bocardo,' 'the Bocardes,' a euphemistic Italianization of the 
vernacular 'bogard,' occurs often in the accounts. Dr Murray's Dictionary 
does not recognize the word 'Bocardo' except in the more familiar sense of 
'prison.' But the last passage quoted . v. in Halliwell and Nare's Glossary 
makes the other meaning plain. 

3 See Architectural History, Vol. in. p. 338. 

4 Accounts 1648 9 : ' For two lattises for y 8 window in y dark entry, 6'.' 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. O3 

given at Canterbury to the covered way which led under the 
Dorter from the Great Cloister to the Infirmary. It was 
entered from the cloister quadrangle through a door-case 
which now gives access to the staircase in the N.E. angle 
of the court. This staircase is called in the Bursars' accounts 
of last century * the Parlour staircase ' from the circumstance 
that it then gave access to the Combination Room through a 
door, now blocked, on the first floor. It is generally known 
in College as ' Cow Lane/ The latter name was given to a 
passage next the Porter's lodge in the Old Court of King's 
College. Perhaps it was originally applied to the Dark Entry, 
which was entered from the cloister through the same door- 
way as the staircase, 'lane' being, as already stated, one of 
the names by which the passage to the 'house of office' was 
known. A more modern door under the oriel of the Hall 
marks the exit of the Dark Entry on the outer side. The 
clunch walls flanking the passage still remain in the Buttery 
beneath the Hall, though the central portion of each has been 
removed in order to give uninterrupted communication with 
the cellar beyond, and the passage has been blocked by recent 
walls at either end. 

The room on the E. side of the Dark Entry (plan, F), now 
a cellar, was entered from it by a door of which traces remain 
in the clunch wall. In the early part of the 16th century this 
room, as well as the Combination Room and garret above it, 
was occupied as an ordinary college-chamber. The present 
floor of the cellar is three feet lower than the pavement of the 
cloister walk, but its original level was higher, as is shown by 
the position in the E. wall of a window, now blocked, and in 
the N. wall of a fireplace. The latter has a nearly flat arch 
plainly chamfered in the clunch : on its eastern side is a small 
locker. We may conjecture that this room was the Nuns' 
Common House or Calefactory. 

On the inner side of the E. wall of the cloister, directly 
facing the northern walk, there may be seen a wide and 
plainly chamfered arch of stone (plan, c). Its crown has been 
cut away to make the window looking into the cloister. If 



G4 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

the S. wall of the room which we conjecture to have been 
the Common House was in line with the S. wall of the 
Refectory, there can only have been space between it and 
the Chapter House for a passage. It seems probable, there- 
fore, that this archway was the entrance to the passage from 
the cloister to the Garden and the Cemetery. The burial- 
ground of the Nuns was pretty certainly at the N.E. end of 
the Church, that of the parish at the S.E. end; human remains 
were dug up on the former site in 1884, and on the latter in 
the years 1848-50. 

The circumstances which led to the remarkable discovery 
in April 1893 of the beautiful arcade which was the cloister- 
front of the Chapter House need not here be detailed. Sub- 
sequent excavations carried on in July 1894 brought to light 
the lower courses of the walls of the eastern portion of the 
Chapter House projecting into the Chapel Court. These ex- 
cavations showed that the Chapter House measured 37 feet 
by 25 feet. At the N.E. and S.E. angles there was a pair of 
buttresses of slight projection which showed that the building 
was of early 13th century date. Running along the eastern 
wall on its inner side was a stone bench. The whole of the 
west end was occupied by three arches, the middle one forming 
a doorway, and those at the sides containing each a window 
of two lights with a quatrefoil above. The arches and tracery 
spring from rich clusters of detached shafts, most of the capi- 
tals of which are carved with foliage, while a few are moulded. 
Two capitals in the northernmost pier are remarkable. They 
themselves are finished, but their design would seem to have 
been suggested by an unfinished carved capital. One of the 
annulets which divide the longer shafts broke at some time, 
and a continuous shaft was substituted for the two lengths. 
It will be noticed that there was no door in the entrance, 
and no shutters or glass in the windows. During the exca- 
vations at the east end there were found a number of frag- 
ments of lancet windows divided by small shafts. These are 
of the same period as the other remains of the Chapter House, 
and it is probable that they are parts of the eastern window. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 65 

They are now preserved on the floor within the entrance. A 
low stone bench (plan, d) extends along the cloister wall 
from the Chapter House towards the north transept. A 
tombstone with floriated cross, possibly not in its original 
position, lies before the entrance ; the partial excavation of the 
site brought to light no tombstones within the Chapter House. 

The existing portions of the conventual church have been 
so fully described by Professor Willis 1 that it is sufficient here to 
record the few facts which have been discovered since he wrote. 

The statute of Bishop Stanley quoted on p. 60 mentions a 
chamber on the northern side of the High Altar which was 
set apart for the use of distinguished guests of the College. In 
the summer of 1894 the foundations of a small building were 
discovered on the north side of the presbytery (plan, H). This 
building was of the same width as the adjoining choir-aisle and 
in length extended from the east end of the latter to the east 
end of the presbytery. Whether it communicated with the 
aisle or not it is impossible to say, for the old aisle was de- 
stroyed by Alcock : but it seems to have been entered from 
the presbytery by a door now blocked (plan, e). The building 
was clearly of two storeys, for there is a small loop-hole or 
squint high up in the presbytery wall, which was so directed 
that the light before the High Altar could be seen from the 
upper storey (plan, /). Probably this upper room was the 
Sacristan's chamber. It must obviously have blocked up the 
lower parts of the lancet windows in the north wall of the 
presbytery*. 

The discovery of a Norman arcade on the western wall of 
the north transept in the summer of 1882 is briefly alluded to 
in the Appendix to the second volume of the Architectural 
History and is more fully detailed in a communication to the 
Antiquarian Society by Mr W. M. Fawcett, M.A. 8 

1 Architectural History, n. pp. 122141. 

3 It may here be mentioned that previously to 1828 only four lancet 
windows were open on the north side of the presbytery, corresponding to the 
four in the opposite wall. The fifth lancet on the north side, and the blind half- 
arch next it, were discovered in that year by the Rev. C. Green, M.A., Dean. 

3 Communications, xxv. p. 1 \ \ \vi. 

C.A.S. Octavo Serie*. 5 



66 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

There is good reason for believing that the choir of the 
Nuns' church extended into the nave, and even that the 
present west wall of the Chapel stands in the position, if it be 
not the actual structure, of the wall which divided the conven- 
tual from the parochial part of the church. An early deed 
(Charters, 220 c) grants a rent of eight shillings 'for mainte- 
nance of a lamp in the choir of the nuns, wheresoever their 
choir shall be,' words which imply that the ritual choir was not 
limited to the chancel. Alcock's screen, on the other hand, if 
we may judge from the mention in the Audit accounts for 
1560 1 of a 'barre at the chansell dore,' would seem to have 
occupied the position of the present one. The view that the 
Nuns' choir-screen was near the western end of the Chapel 
perhaps derives some support from the fact that in digging for 
the supports of the new organ gallery in 1888 a large earthen- 
ware vessel, 13 inches in height, was discovered a few inches 
below the pavement It was empty and may have served as a 
' resonator,' such as in the middle ages were sometimes placed 
under organs and stalls, e.g. at Fountains Abbey. 

The hope expressed by the authors of the Architectural 
History (vol. II, p. 128) that a fine western door might at some 
time be discovered in the western wall of the old nave received 
a fulfilment, unfortunately only partial, in the year 1886, when 
the lower portion of the northern jamb of this door was dis- 
covered during alterations to the Master's Lodge. The remains 
disclosed showed that the jambs had been filled with clusters 
of detached shafts of the 13th century, like those in the 
entrance to the Chapter House. At the same time remains of 
some of the northern piers of the nave were found embedded 
in a wall of Alcock's work 1 . 

Inspection of the plan will show that the westernmost 
pier (plan, (7) of the northern arcade of the nave is not, like the 
corresponding one on the opposite side, placed against the 
western wall of the church, but slightly advanced to the east. 

1 Mr J. W. Clark has kindly famished me with a plan (made in 1886) 
showing these discoveries and the arrangement of the west end of the church. 
This I have employed in drawing the plan opposite p. 53. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 67 

Between this pier (g) and the western wall there seems to have 
been a doorway. Previous to the alterations which took place 
in this part of the Master's Lodge in 1886 the wall at the N.W. 
angle of the old nave was pierced on the ground-floor by a 
door which opened on a rectangular area (plan, /) containing a 
staircase which ascended to the first-floor rooms. The walls 
enclosing this area were of solid character and were carried to 
the full height of the building. That on its north side is a 
prolongation of the north aisle wall ; that on the west is 
similarly an extension of the exterior wall of the western 
cloister-range and is parallel in direction with the western 
front of the church. Now the buildings which surround the 
cloister are all disposed in an exactly rectangular fashion ; but 
the angle which the west cloister range makes with the south 
range of the entrance-court is not a right angle. It seems not 
improbable that the Nuns' gate-house was originally detached 
from the cloister-range. The hypothesis that the range con- 
necting them was erected at a later date accounts for the 
unsymmetrical plan of the dining-room of the Lodge (plan, Q) 
the east and west walls of which are not parallel. The east 
wall of the dining-room was, on this supposition, once the 
external wall of a small tower-like structure projecting from 
the church at its N.W. angle. Loggan's view of the S. front 
shows just such a projection from the wing which contained 
the old nave. Like that wing it contained three storeys, 
whereas the wing between it and the gateway has only two. 
Further proof of the original connection of this quasi-tower 
with the church is seen in the fact that the battlements over 
the present nave and the part of the old nave now converted 
into domestic buildings, as shown by Loggan, are continued 
round the south and west sides of this projection. These 
battlements, we know, were the work of Sir John Rysley, who 
died in 1511 \ Between 1718 and 1720 the wing of the Lodge 
next the gate was heightened by the addition of another storey, 

1 Commemoration Book : Sir John Rysley covered the Cloisters with 
timber and lead and completed the Roof and Battlements at the West End 
of the Church." 

52 



68 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

whereby the turret was completely smothered in external 
appearance, and, no doubt, at the same time the battlement 
above it was removed. 

The ground floor of the structure above described (plan, J") 
obviously served as a vestibule to the church, to which the 
Prioress had access from her lodging in the western cloister- 
range by the entrance at the N.W. angle of the nave. From 
the account of the ceremonies attending the installation of a 
Prioress, given on pp. 38-9, we learn that after the publication 
of the election ' coram populo congregate,' i.e. probably in the 
parochial part of the nave, ' omnes sorores predictam Joan n am 
electam duxerunt ad vestibulum ejusdem ecclesie ibidemque 
dimiserunt,' i.e. they conducted her to this vestibule and left 
her at the door of the lodging which she was to occupy as 
Prioress. The door was probably the still existing one (plan, h) 
by which the Hall of the Lodge is entered. On the first floor 
immediately above this door, and communicating with the room 
above this Hall, is another ancient door which, no doubt, was 
reached by a staircase ascending from the vestibule. 

A common arrangement in monasteries of which the Head 
did not reside in a detached building was to place the Lodge 
of the Prior in the west side of the cloister next the Church. 
On the ground floor was placed his camera, or private chamber, 
above it his solar with an oratory adjoining. At Jesus the 
rooms in this quarter of the College, as shown by the Bursars' 
Rentals, were allotted from a very early period to the Master, 
and they lend themselves so exactly to the uses above-mentioned 
that it is highly probable that Alcock assigned to the Master 
of the College the dwelling which had formerly belonged to the 
Prioress. The large room on the ground floor next the vesti- 
bule (plan, K) is called in the Bursars' Rentals the camera 
Moffistri. Since the publication of the Architectural History 
it has been restored very much to the dimensions and appear- 
ance which belonged to it in Alcock's time. The wooden 
partitions which divided it before the alterations of 1886 have 
been removed, the ceiling taken down and the joists of the 
floor above it exposed. These joists are coloured with ver- 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 69 

milion and adorned with repetitions of the monogram IHS. 
On its north side this room is bounded by the passage (plan, L) 
which until last century was the approach from the entrance 
court to the cloister 1 . In the Bursars' Rentals this passage is 
simply called 'le Entre.' The handsome wainscoted room above 
the Master's chamber goes by various names in the Audit 
Books the Conference Chamber, the Audit Room, the coena- 
culum Magistri and the Founder's Chamber. Probably the 
last name indicates that Alcock designed it for the use of 
himself and his successors in the see of Ely. It was probably 
the Solar or Guest Chamber of the Prioress. Next to it on the 
north side is a narrow chamber contained within the walls 
which flank the ' Entry ' below, and approached by a door at 
the east end of the Conference Chamber. Though it is only 
eight feet in width this room is lighted by a large eastern 
window of three lights. This was clearly the Oratory of the 
Prioress. Sherman tells us in his Historia that Dr Reston, 
who was Master 1546 1549, converted this chamber into his 
private Oratory , and it continued to be used as the Master's 
Oratory as late as 1635*. In another passage Sherman informs 
us that the ' insignia ' (? arms painted on glass) of Sir Reginald 
Bray (d. 1503) were in his time still to be seen in this 
Oratory. 

The rest of the ground-floor of the western cloister-range 
is stated in the Bursars' Rentals to be occupied by two chambers 
let to students of the College, and a room beyond them to the 
north which was occupied by the Cook. The purposes which 
the two former chambers served in the Nunnery it is not easy 
to determine. One of them may perhaps have been the Parlour 
(Locutorium) where the Nuns were allowed to converse with 
visitors, or with servants and tradesmen on the business of the 
Nunnery.; the other was not improbably the Cheker, or office 
of the Cellaress. The room in which the College Cook lived 
(plan, N) from the fact that there was no chamber over it 
the space being occupied, as it still is, by the Library staircase 

1 See Architectural History, n. p. 122. 

* See the extract quoted in Architectural History, n. p. 169, noU. 



70 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

is easily identified with the passage by which at the present 
day the cloister is entered from the first court. 

An interesting feature in this chamber is a low aperture 
(plan.y) in its north wall, opening into the room marked in 
the plan and now serving as the Kitchen Office, but in early 
College days used as the pincerna or Buttery. This aperture 
is 16 in. wide and its apex is not more than 4 feet above the 
pavement of the passage, but the floor of the Buttery cellar 
on which it opens is 2 ft lower than this pavement, though 
formerly, no doubt, level with it On the side next the passage 
it is widely splayed, and a single hinge exists on which a 
shutter seems to have been hung. It is quite evident that 
this opening was not a window looking into an external court, 
for the walls of the old Buttery are of massive clunch and 
evidently Nuns' work of an early date. Moreover on the side 
of the cellar the aperture is flush with the wall surface, and 
shows no kind of recess nor any window jambs. West of the 
opening on this cellar side the wall has been plugged with lead 
as though for fixing some object of wood or iron. 

In this singular opening we may recognise a contrivance 
like the Rota or Turn, which is thus described in Prof. 
Willis* History of the Monastery of Christ Church, Canterbury, 
(p. 39, note). 

" The Turn or Rota is a contrivance employed in Nunneries, Foundling 
Hospitals, and elsewhere, and consists of an upright cylindrical box 
turning on an upright axis, and having an opening on one side only. 
It is fixed within or in front of an opening in a partition wall, so that 
a person on one side placing an object in the Turn can, by twisting 
the box half round, bring the object within the grasp of a second 
person on the other side, without either party seeing the other." 

Prof. Willis gives a description of a cellar wall-hole of this 
kind at Christ Church Monastery, which, with a few differences, 
might be applied to that in the Cook's Chamber. The Cellarer, 
he says, 

"was lodged at the end of the Refectory buildings, and in contact 
with the court of the Guesten-hali....Two doors in the western alley [of the 
cloister] lead to his territory, the one at the north end, opposite to the 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 71 

northern alley, the other near the south end. The first is remarkable for 
having at the left side a singular octagonal opening of sixteen inches 
diameter through the thickness of the wall, in the form of a horizontal 
spout, the middle of which is about four feet from the ground. It pierces 
the wall, narrowing to a circular form a foot in diameter at the back, where 
it appears to have opened into one of the Cellarer's offices. 

" Milner, describing the remains of the conventual buildings at Win- 
chester, mentions a small ornamented arch in a wall, which communicated 
with the buttery and the cellarage, and remarks, ' It is not improbable that 
here was what is called a Turn, by which the brethren who were exhausted 
with fatigue and thirst, might, with the leave of their superior, at certain 
times call for a cup of beer of the cellarer.' Our spout may have been a 
contrivance to carry out this indulgence. The opening from the cellarage 
at the back being contrived at right angles with the present opening, it is 
plain that the cup would be placed by the Cellarer's man within reach of 
the applicant and returned without mutual recognition. But at present 
there are no traces of the form of its termination inwards," &c. 

The room called in the Bursars' Rentals the ' pincerna ' 
(plan, 0) served as the Buttery until the year 1579-1580 
when a ' new buttrye ' was constructed, apparently under the 
Hall. The accounts of 1563-1564 mention 'a doore betwene 
y e butleres chamber and y e kechine.' 

In the upper floors of the part of the western cloister-range 
which extends from the Oratory to the wall between the Cook's 
chamber and the pincerna there are no partitions of solid 
masonry. The whole of the highest floor is now occupied by 
the Library. In its upper portion this room is probably 
Alcock's work, as seems to be shown by the use of brick in 
its lateral walls. But there is reason to believe that in this 
quarter of the Nunnery there was a large room occupying on 
the first floor the space which the Library now occupies on the 
floor above it. The usual monastic arrangement would place 
here the Guest House, or Lodging of the Cellaress. 

In the Nuns' accounts for 1449-50 reference is made in 
the same item to repairs in the Aula(i.e. Hall of the Cellaress) 
and in the Kitchen, and for practical reasons there can be little 
doubt that these two departments were in close communication. 
The Aula then most likely occupied the space above the Nuns' 
Buttery. In its N. wall is contained the flue of the Kitchen 



72 BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 

range and in its N.W. corner, where the clunch of this wall 
ends and a wooden party wall closes the room, there was most 
likely a wooden staircase descending inside the Kitchen. The 
Kitchen, which, except for alterations by Alcock in the door 
and windows, is substantially the Kitchen of the Nuns, has 
always occupied the height of two storeys. 

The means of access from the entrance-court to the Hall 
and Lodging of the Cellaress have now to be considered. 
The Nunnery accounts for the year 1450-1451 mention a 
'Poorche' or 'Portecus prope Aulam.' The only side of the 
Aula detached from other buildings was the west : on the 
other sides there could not have been any door requiring the 
shelter of a porch. If the Lodging of the Cellaress reached, 
as we must suppose, to the N. wall of the present cloister 
entry, its door must have opened directly into the Guest Hall 
without any interposed staircase and landing. The staircase to 
the Guest Hall was therefore external to the building. We 
note that the same workman was engaged in 1450-1451 in 
mending with tiles and ' sclate ' the ' Porch ' and the cloister. 
Probably the so-called Porch was of the nature of a pentise, 
ascending by a covered stair to the first floor. The splendid 
Norman staircase of the New Hall at Canterbury is a familiar 
example of such an arrangement. 

The chamber at the west end of the Hall, occupying the 
position of the old Guest Hall, it may be remembered, was one 
of the three principal chambers which by the statutes of Bishop 
Stanley were allotted to distinguished visitors to the College. 

The passage from the cloister to the Kitchen was, in the 
Nunnery, as now, under the vestibule of the Refectory or Hall. 
The Kitchen door (hostium coquine) must have stood where 
Alcock's door now stands, and was nearly opposite a newel 
staircase which opened above on the platform outside the 
screen 1 . Above the entrance from the cloister was the small 
room which until 1875 was the College muniment room and 
in the Bursars' Rentals is called the Treasury (occupatur cum 

1 A plan of the west end of the Hall, previous to the alterations of 1875, 
which includes this staircase, is given in the Architectural History, n. p. 163. 



BUILDINGS OF THE NUNNERY. 73 

Thesauro Ecclesie). It may have served the same purpose in 
the Nunnery. 

The Bursars' Rentals mention two rooms under the Hall. 
The first had one door opening S. into the cloister and another 
N. next to the well. It was used for the storage of fuel (focalia). 
The .other had a door opening E. in the 'entre' (i.e. the Dark 
Entry) and was ' le Storehowse.' The word staurus was more 
particularly applied to salted or dry fish. After the rooms 
under the Hall were converted into the ' new buttrye ' we hear 
of a ' new fish-house/ which was in the Kitchen. It was placed 
over the * leads/ i.e. the kitchen coppers, and hence was called 
'y e house in y 6 leads.' It was between the outer wall of clunch 
on the N. side of the Kitchen and an inner parallel one of brick, 
the enclosed space being about six feet wide. The fish was 
piled on layers of sedge in a high stack, and to get at it there 
was a door in the brick wall now visible only on the side 
interior to the two walls. This door is at about the first floor 
level, and was reached from the Kitchen by ' a new ladder for 
y e fish house' (1584-1585). The Nuns appear to have stacked 
their fish in a similar fashion, if we may judge from the fact 
that several of them travelled by water to Lynn in 1450-1451 
in order to buy salt fish and at the same time purchased a 
'piece of timber called " a Maste" required for making a ladder.' 

The Founder's skilful treatment of the Nuns' Refectory has 
given the Hall completely the appearance of a late 15th 
century building; but in no part of the College is it clearer 
that he left the fabric of the Nuns' building entire, inserting 
only new windows, heightening the walls and constructing a 
new roof. The extent to which he raised the walls is best seen 
in the garret over the Combination Room, where the clunch of 
the Refectory gable is surmounted by a brick addition four or 
five feet high at its middle part. The entrance to the Hall 
from the cloister was until 1875 through a door-arch of 
Alcock's time which opened into the space between the west 
gable of the Hall and the screen 1 . A flight of steps led thence 
to the vestibule of the Hall. 

1 Architectural Histoi-y, n. p. 162. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 
ROYAL AND EPISCOPAL CHARTERS. 

1 Charter of Nigellus, second bishop of Ely (11331169). 

N. Dei gratia Elieusis Ecclesie Episcopus universis baroni- 
bus et hominibus Sancte Etheldrythe tarn clericis quarn 
laicis tarn Francis quam Anglis salutem. Notum sit 
vobis omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris me conces- 
sisse et dedisse et carta mea confirmasse quandam terrain 
sanctimonialibus cellule extra villam Cantebruge noviter 
institute prope terrain ciusdem cellule iacentem quietam 
et liberam absque omni consuetudine reddendo per 
singulos annos xij d . Pre^entibus testibus istis Rad. Olaf, 
Petro clerico, Gileberto cape llano de Hornungesheia, 
Valete. 

2 a Charter of King Stephen confirming a grant of William 

Monachus or le Moyne. 

S. Rex Anglie Episcopo de Eli et Justiciariis et Vice- 
comitibus et Baronibus et Administris et omnibus 
fidelibus suis de Cantebr. scira salutem. Sciatis me 
confinnasse et concessisse Ecclesie et Sanctimonialibus 
Sancte Marie de Cantebrugia donacionem illam quam 
Wills Monachus aurifaber eis fecit de ij virgatis terre 
et de vj acris de prato et de iiij cotariis cum teneura 
sua in Schelforda in elemosina pro anima Regis Henrici 
et pro Dei fidelibus. Quare volo et precipio quod 
Ecclesia ilia et Sanctimoniales terram predictam et 
pratum et cotarios cum teneura sua bene et in pace et 
libere et quiete et in elemosina teneant solutam et 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 75 

quietam omni secular! exactione et servicio sicut idem 
Wills illam eis dedit et concessit. T., W. Martell et 
Rain, de Warenna. Apud Mapertes halam in obsidione. 

6 Charter of Bishop Nigellus confirming the same grant. 

Witnessed by 'Willo Archid., Ric. de Sancto Paulo, Ric. de 
Ponteeardon, Ric. filio Ilberti, Magistro Ernulfo, Johe de Sancto 
Albano, Gileberto clerico, Radulfo Dapifero, Alexandro Pincerna, 
Henrico Peregrino.' 

3 a Charter of the Countess Constance. 

Constantia Comitissa N. Eliensi Episcopo et omni clero 
et omnibus Baronibus Cantebrigscir et Burgensibus de 
Cantebrig tarn futuris quam presentibus salutem. Sciatis 
me dedisse et concessisse Sanctimonialibus de Cantebrig 
totam terram earum infra Burgum et extra tarn possi- 
dendam quam possessam quietam de hagabulo et de 
langabulo et totam piscaturain et aquam que Burgo 
pertinet ita libere et quiete et honorifice sicut maritus 
meus Eustacius et ego liberius et honorificentius ha- 
buimus pro anima mariti mei Comitis Eustacii et pro 
anima Matilde Regine et Antecessorum meorum necnon 
pro salute Regis Stephani in perpetuam elemosiiiam. 
His testibus : N. Eliensi Episcopo [ ] cum 

Rodberto fratre suo, Radulfo Vicecomite, Alexandro 
pincerna, Eustacio de Bans, Will. Monaco de Selford, 
Rodberto Grim, Gisleberto filio Dunning, Hereberto, 
Herveo filio Warin. 

An ancient exemplification of the above charter of Nunnery 
date gives the names of the missing witnesses, viz G. de Waltervill, 
Rogero le Equaham. The copy is endorsed ' HaygabtiV 

b Confirmation of the above charter by King Stephen. 
Stephanus Rex Anglie Episcopo de Eli et Justiciariis et 
Vicecomitibus et Baronibus et Ministris et omnibus 
fidelibus suis de Cantebrigscir salutem. Sciatis me 
concessisse et confirmasse donacionem illam quam 
Comitissa Constantia uxor Comitis Eustachii filii mei 
fecit Sanctimonialibus de Cautebrig in elemosinam de 



76 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

tota piscatura et aqua que Burgo Cantebr. pertinet et de 
quietancia totius terre sue. Quare volo et precipio quod 
Sanctimoniales ille to tarn terram suam et piscaturam et 
aquam bene et in pace et libere et quiete teneant solutam 
et quietam ab omni secular! exactione et servicio sicut 
predicta Comitissa Constantia illis dedit et concessit et 
carta sua confirmavit. T., Fulc. de Oilli et Rob. fil. Unfr., 
et Ric. de Bada, et Henr. de Novo Mercato. Apud Cante- 
bmg. 
c Confirmation of the same charter by Bishop Nigellus. 

4 a First charter of King Malcolm IV. of Scotland, Earl of 

Huntingdon. 

M. Rex Scotie omnibus hominibus suis tarn clericis quani 
laicis de honore Hunted, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et dedisse Deo et monialibus de Grantebrige x acres (sic) 
terre iuxta Qrenecroft in elemosinam et ad fundendam 
(sic) ecclesiam suam in ea per duos solidos reddendos et 
precipio quod minister meus cum eos reciperit (sic) ad 
altare eiusdem ecclesie oflferat eos. T M Herberto Epis- 
copo de Glasgu, Walt Cancellario, Hugone de Morevill, 
Fulc. de Lusures, Del Olifat, Walt de Lind. Apud 
Hunted. 

Royal seal appended ; see p. 12. 

6 Second charter of King Malcolm. 

M. Rex Scott, omnibus probis hominibus suis et amicis de 
honore Huntendunie et Cantebrugie salutem. Sciant 
clerici et laici presentes et posteri me in perpetuam 
elemosinam dedisse et concessisse et hac mea carta con- 
firmasse Deo et Ecclesie Sancte Marie et Sancte Rade- 
gundis de Cantebrug. et Sancti monialibus ibidem Deo 
servientibus decem acras terre iuxta Grenecroft Quare 
volo et firmiter precipio ut predicte Sanctimoniales illas 
decem acras habeant et possideant liberas et quietas ab 
omni servicio et consuetudine et ab omni redditu et ab 
omni Beculari exactione et nominatim eas precipio fore 
quietas de illis duobus solidis quos predicte Sanctimoni- 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 77 

ales inde mihi annuatim reddere solebant. T., Engelr. 
Cancellario, Nicol. Camerario, Willo. Burdet, Hug. Ridel. 
Apud Huntend. 

c Confirmation of King Malcolm's grant by Archbishop 

Becket. 

Thorn. Dei gratia Cant. Ecclesie minister humilis omnibus 
Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis salutem. Noverit universitas 
vestra nos sigilli nostri atestatione corroborasse et con- 
firmasse Sanctimonialibus de Cantebrug. ibi Deo servi- 
entibus omnes terras et tenuras suas eis rationabiliter 
datas et cartis donatorum confirmatas et nominatim 
decem acras terre in Cantebr. quas Rex Scocie eisdem 
Sanctimonialibus dedit et carta sua confirmavit. Qua- 
propter volumus et firmiter precipimus quatenus memo- 
rate Sanctimoniales omnes terras et tenuras suas cum 
pertinenciis suis in liberam elemosinam teneant et possi- 
deant sicut carte donatorum eis testantur. Teste Rob. 
Archid. Oxineford, Magistro Philippo de Caun, Magistro 
Herberto de Boseham, Rob. capell. et WillnTo capell. et 
Willo de Leigrecest. 

d Confirmation by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, of previous charters of Archbishops Theobald and 
Becket and of Bishop Nigellus. 

5 Confirmation by Bishop Nigellus of a grant of 80 acres of 

land in Wratting made to the Nuns by Stephen and 
Juliana de Scalariis, along with their daughter, Sibil. 

Witnessed by Will., archdeacon of Ely, Augustus, Adam and 
Walter, monks, Roger, chaplain, John and Paian, clerks, Martin, 
Half and Ric., deacons, Ralf, dapifer, Alex., pincerna, Stephen and 
Geoffrey de Scalariis, &c. 

6 Bull of Pope Innocent IV. directed to the Prior of Linton 

respecting a dispute between the Nuns and the Vicar of 
St Clement's. 

For the subject see p. 27. 

Dated * Lugdun., 18 Kal. Mali nostri [blank space] anno sexto,' 
i.e. 1248-9. Btdla appended. 



78 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

7 a Charter of John de Fontibus, Bp of Ely (12201225). 

Confirms a charter of Bp Efustace] of Ely, granting to the 
Nuns all the land which Bp E. had between the monastery and 
Grenecroft No date. 

b Charter of Hugh Northwold, Bp of Ely (12291254). 

Confirms the charters of Bishops Eustace and John de Fontibus. 
No date. 

8 Inspexinws charter of Edward II. 

Dated 'apud Westm. quintodecimo die Octobr. Anno regni 
nostri septirao. Per ipeum regem. Examinatum j>cr A[dam] de 
Brom.' Seal attached. It recites and confirms the charters of 
King Stephen, 2 (a) and 3 (6) ; also the following charter of 
Henry III. * Henrietta Dei gratia, &c. Solatia quod oonoessimus 
pro nobis et heredibua nostris priorisse et monialibus Sancte 
Radegundis quod claudere possint et clausam tenere imperpetuum 
quamdam croftam suam quae iacet inter ecclesiam ipsarum 
priorisse et monialium et fossatum de Cantebr. ex parte occideutali 
salvo nobis in omnibus et per omnia fossato nostro. In cuius rei 
testimonium has literas nootrms fieri fecimus patentee. Teste me 
ipeo apud Westm. deoimo septimo die April, anno regni nostri 
tricesimo quinto,' It also confirms the charter of the Countess 
Constance, 3 (a), various grants of land princii willy at West 
Wratting, and a confirmation by Ely convent of the first charter of 
Bp Nigellus. 

9 Charter of King Henry VI. 

Dated ' Apud Dertford quintodecimo die Marcii Anno regni 
nostri sextodecimo.' Seal attached. Grants to the Nuns 'quod 
ipse et successores sue imperpetuum habeant singulis annis uiiain 
feriam in villa predicta per tres dies duraturam videlt in vigilia in 
die et in crastino Assumptions Beate Marie cum omnibus libertati- 
bus et liberis consuetudinibus ad huiusmodi feriam pertinentibus.' 
It also grants the Nuns exemption from tenths or other quotas on 
their spiritual and ecclesiastical possessions. 

10 License of Mortmain of Henry VI. 

Dated Westminster, Dec. 5, in 27th regnal year. Seal attached. 

Generally empowers the Nuns to acquire lands, &c., to the value of 

5 ; also exempts them from the requisitions of provitores, emptore* 

and captore* victualium for the King and Queen and their successors 

. and others their Magnates. 




CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 



INDULGENCES. BRIEFS. 

(These are printed in full in the Architectural History, vol. II, 
pp. 183186.) 

11 Walter de Suffield, Bp of Norwich, grants relaxation of 

penance for 25 days to persons contributing to the aid of 
the Nuns. Dated Can tebrig., Ides of August, 1254. 

12 Letter from Ric. de Gravesend, Bp of Lincoln, to the Arch- 

deacons of . Northampton and Huntingdon ordering 
collections to be made in the churches of their Archidia- 
conates in behalf of the Nuns. Dated Huntingdon, 12 
Kal. Junii, 10th year of pontificate (1268). 

13 Letter of Roger de Skerning, Bp of Norwich, ordering 

collections to be made in his diocese for the repair of the 
Church of S. Rad., injured by the fall of the Bell-tower. 
Dated Hoxne, 5 Kal. Maii, 1277. 

14 Letter of the Official of the Archdeacon of Ely to the 

parochial clergy of the diocese recommending the Nuns 
to them as objects of charity, having lost their house and 
all their substance by fire. Dated Herdwyk, 4 Kal. 
Sept. 1313. 

15 John de Ketene, Bp of Ely, confirms certain grants of in- 

dulgence made by his brother Bps in favour of persons 
contributing to the relief of the Nuns and the rebuilding 
of their house destroyed by fire. Dated Hatfeld, 4 Kal. 
July, 1314. 

16 Thomas Arundel, Bp of Ely, grants indulgence of 40 days 

to all who contribute to the relief of the Nuns on the 
occasion of the destruction of their dwellings by fire. 
Dated Dodyngton, 2 April, 1376. 

17 William Courtenay, Archbp of Canterbury, grants indul- 

gence of 40 days to persons contributing to the relief of 
the Nuns whose buildings have been ruined by violent 
storms. Dated Croydon, 6 April, 1390. 



80 CHARTERS OF THE PRIOKY. 



MISCELLANEOUS DEEDS AND DOCUMENTS. 

18 Ric. Wastinel grants to Nuns a rent of 2 pence (nummos) 

of the service of Everad de Batford. 

19 Will, titz Rob. fitz Walter gives to Nuns a rent of half a 

mark. Witn. Seher de Quinci, Gilbert fitz Dunning &c. 

20 Acquittance of Simon Blakeboane, sergeant at arms, to the 

Prioress, Agnes Seyutelowe, and Ric. Broune, vicar of All 
Saints'. Henry V. 7. 

21 Acquittance of the Nuns to Ric. Pyghttesley for a year's 

rent of Tylydhostelle, viz. 2* 3 d . 1437. 

Arch. Hi*, n., 426. 

22 Walter fitz Walter de Scalariis confirms his father's grant 

of 20* per ann. for the maintenance of three lamps in the 
ch. of S. Rad. Witn. Will de Abington, miles. 

23 Simon de Turre gives to Nuns one acre of meadow land in 

Hunimade and k an acre in Chabligwelle. Witn., Roger 
de Caudecote. 

24 Simon, Camerarius of E[ustace], Bp of Ely, gives to Nuns a 

rent of 2* paid by Hervey fitz Eustace of Cantebrige. 
Witn. Hugh de Bodegesham, official. 

25 Ric. de Histon, capellanus, holds of the Nuns (Pr. Letitia) 

a portion of their land in Tornechroft ; rent two shillings 
and two capons. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

26 Walt, fitz Segar, capellanus, holds of the Nuns (Pr. Letitia) 

land formerly held by his father: rent 14 d and two 
capons. 

27 a Bond of Will. Spaldyng for 10. Jan. 6, Henry VI. 10. 

'The condycion of this obligacion is y ( mastyr William 
Spaldyng, clerk, of Cambrigge, with inne wretyn shall not entre in 
hese owyn persone the several crofts and closures of the Prioresse 
and y* convent of seint Radegundis in y* toune of Cambrigge 
adiugnant to y* said Priorie ne destroye ne soyle corne grease 
arboris ne closures of y* seyd Prioresse and convent growyng or 
beyng upon the seyd closures with outyn licens of y* seyde Prioresse 
y* same time beyng.' 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 81 

6 The Master and Brethren of St John's Hospital grant to 
King Henry VI. a close lying within the fossatum of the 
Nuns to the W. of the Nunnery, now in the tenure of 
Will. Spaldyng, clerk. Thos. Clerk, mayor. Henry VI. 
26. 

c The King gives the same to Nuns. Dated Westminster, 
Henry VI. 26. 

28 The Nuns are discharged from payment of procurations 

to the Archdeacon. Date 1313. Document imperfect. 

29 Will of Roger Mason of S. Had. parish. July 5, 1392. (In 

Latin.) 

Body to be buried among Friars Minor ; to said Friars 10 s ; to 
high altar of S. Had. 5 8 for wax ; cottage in S. Had. lane to be sold 
to discharge debts. Residue to wife Felice ; she to make disposal 
for his soul. 

Seal attached (seemingly ad causas seal of Nunnery) : S. Had. 
crowned and veiled, standing in a niche, in right hand a wand : 
under trefoiled arch below a nun kneeling prays with upraised 
hands : a small crescent L. of the praying figure. Traces of 
legend, STE RADEGVNDIS CONV. 

30 Will of John Grenelane : dated Feb. 1, 1431, proved in the 

Gild Hall, Cambridge, before the Mayor, Thos. Jacob, 
and bailiffs, Monday next before S. Barnabas day. Hen. 
VI. 10. 

Among the items : to the high altar of S. Andrew's ch. where 
his body is to be buried before the cross, 10* ; for his burial there 
20 8 : for new bells to the same ch. 100" ; for new leading the bell 
tower 20" : to each priest assisting at his funeral 12 d , and to every 
clerk helping such payment as executors deem fit : the executors 
to find an honest chaplain to celebrate for him in said ch. for 10 
years after his decease, preference being given to D 8 Brian Ffisshe- 
wyk : to each convent of mendicant friars in Cambridge 10 s : for 
making a roodloft in Haddenham ch. 20" : for the fabric of Hampton 
ch. 20-. 

TRIPPELOWE'S BENEFACTION, CAMBRIDGE AND BARNWELL. 

31 a Luke fitz Walter of St Edmund's to Joh. fitz Paulinus of 

Camb. : acre at the Claypittes in Camb. field, betw. 
C.A.S. Octavo Series. 6 



82 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

Nuns' land and Hadestoc Weye, ab. at one head on 

Pushwelle Weye; rent l d and mark pre manibus. 

Witn. Job. Martyn. Edw. I. 16. 
b Cecilia, sister of above-named Luke, confirms same and adds 

land in Swinescroft. Witn. Bartb. Goggyng. Edw. 1. 18. 
c Jobn fitz Paulinus to Walter tbe Butcher : same land. 

Job. Morice, mayor. Edw. II. 9. 
d Walter tbe Butcber to Job. de Trippelowe, Rector of Rey- 

n UTS ton, dice. Norwich : same land. Henry de Toft, 

mayor. Edw. IIL 3. 
32 a Rob. de Cumberton of Camb. to Reginald fitz Ralf Ledbeter 

and wife Joan : one selion in Swinescroft, ab. on Hady- 

stock Way. Symon de Refham, mayor. Edw. II. 15. 
b Job. Cullingg of Camb. and wife Joan to Reginald Ledbeter 

de Ely of Camb. and wife Joan : 3 selions in Swiuecroft. 

Symon de Refham, mayor. Edw. II. 15. 
c Reginald le Ledbeter and wife Joan to Job. de Tr., Rector 

of Reymereton, and Job. de Bodekesham, clerk; the 

above 4 selions in Swinecroft. Eudo de Helpryngham, 

mayor. Edw. IIL 2. 
d Stephen Morice of Camb., clerk, to Job. de Tr., Rector of 

Reymerston : 2 selions in Swynecroft. Eudo de Hel- 

pringham, mayor. Edw. III. 2. 
e Job. de Tr., Rector of Herdewyk, co. Camb., with license, 

to the Nuns : land in Swynecroft. Barth. Morice, mayor. 

Edw. III. 17. 
33 a Same, with license, to same : 6 acres in Camb. and 

Barmv. fields. Philip Cayly, mayor. Edw. III. 16. 
b General release of Job. de Tr. for last-mentioned lands 

to Nuns. Barth. Morice, mayor. Edw. III. 17. 
34 a Job. de Tr. and Will Lavenham assign 3 mess, in par. 

of S. Andr., S. Mary and S. Edw. to Margt., widow of 

Will, de Tr, in lieu of dower. Edw. III. 16. (In 

French.) 
6 Will, de Lavenham to Job. de Tr. and others : reversion 

of said 3 mess., expectant on death of said Margt. 

Edw. III. 22. (In Latin.) 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 83 

c Confirmation of last deed. Rob. de Brygham, mayor. 

Edw. III. 22. (In French.) 

d Job. de Tr. to Nic. de Wyght and others : all the lands, 
tenements, &c., which he bought of Will de Lavenham. 
Witn. Joh. de Toft. Edw. III. 23. 

35 License from Rob. Dunning to Joh. de Tr. to convey to 
Nuns 5 acres in Barnw. fields, with reservation to R. D. 
as over-lord of rent of 4 s . Joh. Pitcok, mayor. Edw. 
III. 10. 

30 a Thos. Engayne and wife Kath. to Joh. de Tr., Rector of 
Herdwyk, and Ric. de Dytton, vicar of S. Clement's: 
^ acre in Barnw. fields ab. on Meldych and on Horspath. 
Ric. Tuylett, mayor. Edw. III. 19. 
6 Release from Dytton to Tr. of above J acre. Edw. III. 19. 

37 a Joh. Cadam of Long Stan ton and wife Joan to Joh. de Tr. 

and Joh. de Bodekysham, clerks : 8 acres in Camb. and 
Barnw. fields. Eudo de Helpringham, mayor. Edw. 
II. 19. 

6 Release of above land from Joan, wid. of Joh. de Cam (sic) 
of Long Stan ton to Tr. and Bodekysham. Edw. III. 1. 

38 a Roger, chaplain, fitz John Wodeward of Wode Weston to 

Adam de Clifford, dwelling in Barnw.: 5 selions in Barnw. 

Crofts ab. on Grenecroft. Witn. Symon Bernard. 

Edw. II. 18. 
6 Executors of Ad. de Clifford to Joh. de Tr.: 2 selions in 

Barnw. fields, one next land of Piior of S. Edmund's 

chapel in Camb. and ab. on Horspath, the other next 

land of Nuns and ab. on Hynton Way. Witn. Joh. 

Pyttok. Edw. III. 19. 
c Joh. de Tr., with license, to Nuns : same 2 selions. Witn. 

Ric. Tuyllet, mayor. Edw. III. 19. 

39 Ric. de Dytton to Joh. de Tr. : land in Barnw. Myddylfeld. 

Barth. Morice, mayor. Edw. III. 17. 

40 Barth. Moriz and wife Margt to Joh. de Tr. : 3 acres in 

Barnw. fields. Witn. Gilbert de London. Edw. III. 5. 

41 Joh. de Tr. to Nuns: 18 aelions ( = 8 acres) in Barnw. 

Myddylfeld. Barth. Moris, mayor. Edw. III. 17. 

62 



84 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

42 Job. de Hilburgh worth and wife Elena, wid. of Henry de Tr., 

quitclaim dower in lands of her late husband. Job. 

Pyttok, mayor. Edw. III. 8. 
43 a Job. de Tr., with license, to Nuns: mess, bought by him 

from Job. Friday, sit in S. Rad. St., betw. ten 1 of Job. 

de Lincoln and ten 1 of Robert Gome, clerk, ab. on 

highway and on Nuns' croft called Eldested croft Ric. 

Tuyllet, mayor. Edw. IIL 19. 
6 Same parties and ten 1 : Prioress, Alicia: Joh. Friday, cutler. 

Rob. de Brygham, mayor. Edw. III. 21. 

44 a Hen. de Tr. to Job. de Tr. : land and houses in S. Rad. 

par. betw. ten* of Nuns and ten 1 late of Thos. de 
Tendring on one side and ten 1 late of Alice de Berne- 
well and a croft of Nuns called Sarantescrofb and ten 1 
late of Rog. de Haford on the other, ab. on Radegund 
St. and Wales St Eudo de Helpringham, mayor. 
Edw. in. 2. 

6 Joh. de Tr., by license, to Nuns (Pr. Mabilla Martini): 
mess, bought of Hen. de Tr. betw. mess, of Nuns called 
Gregorieshostell and mess, late of Alice de Bernewell, 
ab. on highway and on Drosemer. John Pittok, mayor. 
Ed. III. 6. 

45 Agnes, wid. of Milo de Trumpington to Joh. de Tr. : 

mess, in Rad. St betw. mess, of Joh. de Tr. and mess, 
late of Stephen le Terteyner, ab. on highway and 
Sarentescroft Eudo de Elpringham, mayor. Edw. 
III. 2. 

46 Dionysia, wid. of Hen., scriptor, to her bro. Joh. de Tr. : 

mess, in Rad. St. betw. mess, of Roger le Redere and 
mess, of Ralf, bercarius, ab. on street and S. Rad. croft. 
Eudo de Elpringham, mayor. 1319. 

47 a Joh. de Tr. to Joh. de Berneye, burgess and cissor : ten 1 in 

Rad. St. betw. ten 1 of Joh. de Tr. and one of Joh. de 
Lincoln, ab. on highway and Nuns' croft called Eldested 
croft Philip Cayly, mayor. Edw. III. 21. 
6 Berneye reconveys same to Tr. Rob. de Brygham, mayor. 
Edw. III. 21. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 85 

48 Job. de Tr. to Job. Furry of Wy velyngham : ten* in Rad. St. 
betw. ten fc of Nuns and ten fc of Lyna le Gome, ab. on high- 
way. Barth. Moriz, mayor. Edw. III. 16. 

49 a License of mortmain to Job. de Tr. to grant to Nuns 8 mess, 
and 8 acres of land to find a chaplain to celebrate daily in 
S. Rad. ch. At Bermundeseye, 9 Apr. Edw. III. 5. 
b Under above license Job. de Tr. conveys to Nuns (Pr. 
Mabilia Martyn) 7 mess, in S. Rad. par. and one in par. of 
S. Andr. without Barnw. gates, and 8 acres in Camb. and 
Barnw. fields : Nuns to celebrate in their monastery 30 
masses in each year for donor and his parents, and his 
anniversary as is done in the case of a nun deceased. 
7 Apr. John Pilet, mayor. Edw. III. 5. 



PARISH OF S. RADEGUND. 

50 Reginald de Argenton to the Nuns : all the land which he 

bought of Hugh Pilate in Grenecroft except a piece in 
Walter Pilate's garden (erberio): the Nuns to pay 2 s 
yearly to S. Giles' ch. in Barnwell. Witn. Mr Geoffrey, 
official. 

51 a Walter de Lindsey, with consent of his wife Berta, to Nuns : 

mess, held by him of Nic. Sarant, betw. land of said Nic. 
and land of Aunger le Feleper : rent to said Nic. so long 
as he lives 2 s . Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 
b Nuns (Pr. Letitia) regrant same mess, to de Lindsey and 
his wife for their lives. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

52 Nic. Sarant to Walter de Lindsey: mess, in S. Rad. par. 

betw. land of Godman de Berne welle and land of Nic. 
Sarant : rent 2 B , and gersunia 4 9 . Witn. Ric. de Winepol. 
53a Nuns(Pr. Letitia) to Martin fitz Hugh de Swaffham : land 
formerly held of Nic. Sarant by Elias, chaplain, which is 
opposite the Nunnery gate : rent 2 8 . 

6 Job. fitz Baldwin de Swaffham releases to Nuns his rights 
in a mess, late of Margt., mother of Peter, late chaplain 
of S. Rad., lying opposite the gate of S. Rad. and betw. 



86 CHARTERS OF THE PK1ORY. 

a mess, of Ysabel Gibet and one of Wyraer, clerk ; rent 3*. 
Witn. Job. de Escalariis. 

c Job. fitz Job. Baudewin de Swaffham Prioris de Ely releases 
to Nuns land formerly held by above-named Martin, 
which lies betw. highway and Nuns' land, ab. on a croft 
of Prior of Baraw. and a mess, of Maud ad portam, Nuns 
acquitting said Job. of 2" arrears of rent. Witn. Job. 
Portehors. 

54 Agnes de Norfolchia, mulier, to Geoff, fitz Hubert: mess. 

formerly of Nic. Sarant, in suburbs of Camb., betw. mess, 
of Reginald, cementarius, and one of Will. Carpenter of 
Wimondham; rent 8' and a half-penny, gersuma 12 
marks. Witn. Thos. Toylet. 

55 Maud, dau. of Michael de Wyttlesford, to Hen. Martyn, 

clerk, dwelling in Camb. and to his wife Alice le Longe 
Locci: land &c, in S. Rad. par. in suburbs of Camb., 
betw. land of Ric. Mareschal, W., and land of Warin le 
latymer, E., which land was formerly held by Clement 
fitz Joseph Cuttyng of Edy wethorp (i.e. Edingthorp) from 
Agnes de Norfolk : rent 2*, and gersuma 40*. Job. Wath, 
mayor. 1285. 

56 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Wymer, clerk ; a piece of their croft, 

late belonging to Nic. Sarant, behind Wimer's yard : 
rent 6', gersuma 3*. Witu. Rob. Saman. 
57 a Will Sueteye to Nuns: moiety of mess, in 8. Rad. par. 
betw. mess, of Geoff. Cook and mess, of Rob. de Cogges- 
hale with moiety of croft extending from said mess, to 
Drusemere : to provide a lamp in chapel of 8. Rad. and 
mark ad pitanciam on his anniversary. Witn. Will. Tuy let. 
b Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to Geoffrey Cook: mess, in 8. Rad. 
par. betw. mess, of Will Sueteye and mess, of Hugh 
Ragenhill on one side, mess, of Alan Dalles de Bernewell 
on the other : rent 3*. Witn. Roger de Habitun, seneschal 
of Bp of Ely. 

c Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to above Alan : mess, in 8. Rad. par. 
betw. mess, of Walter Porter and mess, of Geoffrey, cook : 
rent 4'. Same witnesses. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 87 

d Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to Maud, dau. of Alan : mess. betw. 
mess, of Wimer, clerk, and mess, of Job. Gibet : rent 5 s . 

58 Nuns (Pr. Mabilia) to Job. Friday, cotelerius: portion of 

their croft called Sarandescroft enclosed with walls and 
lying at the end of S. Rad. St. betw. ten fc of Job. de 
Trippelowe, Rector of Reymerston, and their own croft : 
rent 6 d . Job. Pilat, mayor. 1330. 

59 a Nuns (Pr. Eva Wasteneys) to Thos. de Revede, serjeant at 

arms, his wife Alice and children : ten fc in Radegundes- 
lane, betw. a ten fc of Nuns, E., and garden of Minor Friars 
and a mess, of Nuns, W., ab. on garden of Minor Friars 
and a mess, of Nuns, S., and on lane, N. : rent 6 s 8 d . 
Stephen fitz Barth. Moriz, mayor. Edw. III. 33. 

b Counterpart of above with seal of Thos. de Revede. 

c Alicia, wid. of Thos. Revede, and Job., her son, quitclaim same 
ten 1 to Job. Pilat. Job. Giboun, mayor. Edw. III. 44. 

d Job. Pilet of Ely releases same ten 1 to Nuns. Ric. II. 5. 

60 Nuns (Pr. Agnes) lease for 50 years to Ric. Sexteyn, sen r , of 

Camb., butcher, a croft called Sarantescroft with buildings 
thereon, ab. on croft of Barnw. Priory, E., on ten 1 of Nuns, 
W. : also an enclosure with dovehouse, betw. house of 
Minor Friars and said croft : also mess, with garden next 
close of Minor Friars and ab. on Nunneslane and said 
enclosure : rent 17 8 with reservation to sacrist of S. Rad. 
ch. of tithes on said tenements. May 2, Hen. VI. 14. 

61 Decision of the arbitrators, Rob. Coope of Camb. and Joh. 

Musgrave of Barnw., in a dispute betw. the Nunnery (Pr. 
Joan Lancastre) and Barnw. Priory (Pr. John) respecting 
a wall extending from Nunneslane on N. to Walleslane 
on S., betw. a croft of Barnw. Priory, E., and a croft of 
Nuns, W. The wall is declared to belong wholly to the 
Nuns who are to repair and maintain it. 10 June, 
Edw. IV. 2. 

62 Rob. fitz. Will, de Nonacurt quitclaims to Nuns land 

without the Ditch at Camb. betw. laud of Nuns and 
land held by Joh. Aelard of the Nuns of Ikilinton. 
Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 



88 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

63 Ric. fitz Laurence de Litleberi gives to Nuns a croft with 

ten* in front towards street in exchange for 2 acres in 
Camb. fields. Witn. Rob. Saman. Endorsed ' Paroch. See. 
Rad.' 

In the H. R. (n. p. 371) Ric, Laurence is said to hold a meadow 
next the curia of S. Rad. which he bought from Job. Adelhard, 
clerk, and for which he pays a rent of 12* to the Nuns of Iclitono. 

64 Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to Eustace Carter : land in suburbs 

of Camb. at Eldestede betw. land of Roger Garlek and 
land of Nuns : rent 3* and King's service. Witn. Will. 
Toilet. 

65 Nuns (Pr. Helena) to Roger le Redere, of Camb. : land in 

Rad. St. betw. Nuns' croft and land of Henry Scrivener 
(Kripior) ab. on highway and Nuns' land: rent 4". Rob. 
Tuylet, mayor. 

66 Hubert le Redere of Rydelingfeld releases to his bro. Roger 

a mess, in suburbs of Camb. towards the Nuns' house, 
which was granted to him by Will, fitz Adam Carpenter. 
John But, mayor. 1291. 

67 Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to Adam fitz Hubert Carpenter: land 

in suburbs of Camb. betw. land of Maud, dau. of Helewis, 
and Nuns' land: rent 3*, and gers. J mark. Witn. Rob. 
de S. Edmund. 

68 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Roger and Juliana, his wife: mess. 

with houses in S. Rad. par. : rent 10*. John But, mayor. 
Edw. I. 20. 

69 a Ralf de Wendeye, vicar of S. Clement's, Camb., to Roysia, 

his niece, dau. of Letitia de Wendeye : mess, with houses 
in S. Rad. St. betw. mess, of Stephen le Tyrtener and 
mess, of Will, le Gom : failing heirs of Roysia to the heirs 
of her mother. Eudo, clerk, mayor. Edw. II. 13. 
6 Said Roysia, with consent of her husband, Joh. Styward de 
Trippelowe, grants same mess, to Will. Je Gom. Joh. 
Pyttok, mayor. 15 Feb., Edw. III. 8. 

70 Hen. Custance de Lolleworthe, capellanus, to Joh. de 

Lincoln, portitor, of Camb. : mess, cum duabus haiis vivis 
in S. Rad. par. betw. land late of Hen. Scrivener (scriptor) 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 89 

and land of distance, ab. on highway and Nuns' land. 
Henry de Thofts, mayor. Edw. III. 3. 

71 Hen. fitz John Kocs of Camb., scissor, to Joh. de Toucestre, 

of Camb., tournour : mess, with quickset hedge in S. Had. 
par. betw. Nuns' land and mess, of Joh. Locoks, ab. on 
highway and Eldestedcroft. Stephen fitz John Morice, 
mayor. Edw. III. 27. 

72 Nuns (Pr. Margt. Clanyle) to Thos. de Badburnham, cord- 

wainer : mess, with five cottages and curtilage in S. Rad. 
par. betw. mess, of Will. Mason and the King's ditch, ab. 
on highway and Nuns' croft. Joh. Morice, mayor. Edw. 
III. 37. 

73 a Matt. Wesenham of Camb. and wife Juliana to Roger de 
Barwe: mess, in Rad. lane. Joh. Gybon, mayor. Edw. 
III. 49. 

6 Roger de Barwe grants to Will. Rolf of Ixning and others 
the above mess. Ric. Masterman, mayor. Ric. II. 13. 

74 Arbitration betw. Nuns and S. Michael's College : decision 

of the arbitrator, Marmaduke Lumley, LL.B., Chancellor 
of the University. 

The dispute was connected with certain houses in Nuns' Lane 
then occupied by Joh. Cranwell, senr, and Ric. Cranwell, junr. 
The College maintained that the occupants of these houses were of 
the par. of S. Michael, the Nuns that they belonged to S. Had. par. 
The arbitrator decides that they belong to S. Rad. par. but that to 
satisfy any claims on the part of the College the Nuns shall pay to 
it 4 d annually. (This acquittance is still, 1898, paid by Jesus 
Coll. to Trinity Coll.) Decision given in quadam bassa camera in 
Clare Hall, 9th June, 1425. Signed &c., Rob. Wright, priest, 
notary of the dioc. of York : attorney for Nuns, Will. Spencer ; for 
College, Will. Pentecost. Three seals attached : the first two 
seemingly of the College and Nunnery ; the third has impression of 
a head emerging from a font-like vessel supported on 5 legs, and 
legend CANCELLAR. UNIVERSITATIS CANTEBRIG. 

75 Nuns (Pr. Agnes) to Edm. Lavenham and wife Marion: 

garden &c. enclosed with clay walls in S. Rad. par. betw. 
ten 1 of Joh. Plumpton, W., ten 1 of Nuns occupied by Joh. 
Eversdon, E., ab. on Nunneslane, S., and Nuns' croft, N., 



90 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

near the King's ditch : for 80 years, rent 6 8 8 d . Henry 
VI. 22. 

76 Nuns (Pr. Elizabeth) to Joh. Wyghton and wife Agnes: 

ground in Nunnescroft ab. on King's ditch: lease for 
lives, rent 6 d . Edw.IV. 11. 

77 Nuns (Pr. Eliz. Walton) to Will. Wareyn: ten* &c. in 

S. Rad. par. betw. garden of Nuns in tenure of Will. 
Warde, W., and garden of Corp. Chr. College, E. : for 60 
years, rent 5'. Aug. 12, Edw. IV.' 18. 

78 Nuns (Pr. Joan Fulburn) to Joh. Marchall and Laur. 

Elverede: garden and dovehouse in S. Rad. par. betw. 
house of Minor Friars, W. and ten' of Nuns, E., ab. 
on highway, N. and on S. partly on a stone wall of 
Minor Friars 21J yards long, partly on Nuns' close in 
tenure of Will. Pechard: for 30 years, rent 10 s . Joh. 
Hesewell, mayor. Henry VII. 6. 



PARISH OF ALL SAINTS IN JEWRY. 

79a Grant of the advowson of A. 3. ch. to the Nuns by Sturmi 

de Cantebrig. 

Notum sit omnibus quod ego Sturmi de Cantebrig. concessi 
et dedi et hac carta mea confirmavi in elemosinam deo et 
ecclesie beate dei genetricis Marie et See Radegundis de 
Grenecroft et monialibus ibidem deo servientibus advoca- 
tionem ecclesie Omnium Sanctorum infra burgum de 
Cantebr. Hanc autem donationem feci voluntate et 
consensu uxoris mee et heredum meorum pro salute 
Dm Regis Henrici et heredum suorum et pro salute 
fidelium defunctorum. Quare volo ut predicte moniales 
prefatam advocationem habeant et teneant ita libere et 
quiete sicut ego vel aliquis antecessorum meorum melius 
et liberius earn tenuit. Hiis testibus : Rogero decano, 
Rodberto de Sco Clemente &c. 

b The Bishop of Ely (Geoffry Ridel, 11741189) institutes 
the Nuns in the rectory. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 91 

Universis see matris ecclesie filiis Gaufr. del gratia Elien. 
Eps. salutem. Universitati vestre notum fieri volumus 
nos instituisse scimoniales de Grenecroft et eis ius 
personatus concessisse in ecclesia Omnium Scorum de 
Cantebrug perpetuo habenda in perpetuam liberam et 
quietam elemosinam cum omnibus pertinentiis et liber- 
tatibus suis presente et consentiente Sturmi qui ius 
advocationis habebat in eadem ecclesia prius quod eis 
concesserat et carta sua confirmaverat Constituentes eis 
communi assensu perpetuum vicarium in prenominata 
ecclesia scil. Ric. capellanum soluturum eisdem annua- 
tim nomine memorate ecclesie XX sol. ad duos terminos 
scil. X sol. ad Pascha x sol. ad festum Sci Michaelis et 
praeterea facientem omnes consuetudines episcopales. Et 
per predistinctam pensionem prenominatus R. capellan. 
habebit prefatam ecclesiam perpetuo libere et quiete 
cum omnibus pertinentiis et liber tatibus suis. Et post 
recessum vel decessum predict! R. capellani possidebunt 
prefate scimoniales sepedictam ecclesiam plenarie et 
integre et ei pro voluritate sua disponent sal vis semper 
consuetudinibus episcopalibus. Facta est autem hec 
institutio et vicarie concessio anno ab incarnacione 
verbi MCLXXX feria vero infra octav. Sci Martini. Et 
est primus terminus solutionis proximo venturum Pascha. 
Testibus Roberto priore et Willo canonico de Bernewell, &c. 
c The convent of Ely (Prior, Roger de Brigham, circa 1215 
1229) confirm the Bishop's institution. Witn. Thos. de 
Heyden, Vincentius, Official of the Archdeacon of Ely, &c. 

80 Ordinance of Bishop Eustace of Ely respecting the Hospital 
of S. John and the church of A. S. 

This is a modern copy of the original document said to exist in 
the treasury of S. John's College : though I have not been able to 
discover this original there exists there a confirmation of the 
Bishop's ordinance by the Nuns (Leticia, prioress) in almost 
identical terms. The Bishop's ordinance is printed in full in Le 
Keux's Memorials, vol. n. (Parish of A. S. p. 11). Charters 180, 
181 deal with the same matter. 



92 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

81 Maud Grim to Will. Sausintune, her servant : moiety of her 

land &c. in the Jewry, betw. land of Warin le Cachepol 
and land formerly of Symon le Talur : rent 5", and gers. 4", 
he to be ready to do her service when summoned. Witn. 
Rob. Saman. 

82 Christiana, dau. of Godard Carter, to Nuns: lands &c. in 

A. S. par. betw. land of Reginald de Fordham and land of 
Symon Black : also lands &c. betw. land of Fulk Croche- 
man and land of Ric. Bullokprest : also land held by her 
from Rob. de Bniiera with service of Adam Weaver 
(tector): also land in Felterestreet betw. land of Holy 
Trinity and land of [ ] Doy, with service of Hugh 

Ruffus for land next ch. of Holy Trinity. Witn. Hervey 
fitz Eustace. 

83 Fulk Crocheman gives Nuns, along with his sist Sibil, land 

in Jewry formerly held of him by Brito, the Jew. Witn. 
Baldewin Blangcrnun. 

84 Absalon Ampe to Reg. de Fordham : land in A. S. par. 

betw. land formerly of Ralf Swane and lane leading from 
street to river bank : also said lane : rent 4", gers. 2 marks. 
Witn. Andrew de Winepol. 

85 Hen. fitz Geoffrey, with consent of his wife Edusa, to Reg. 

de Fordham : land in A. S. par. next highway, &c. : rent 
3*. Witn. Michael fitz Ordgar. 

86 Simon le Blund releases to Nuns a mess, held by him of 

them in A. S. par. betw. land of Andrew de Winepol and 
land of Earth, le Talur: pre manibu* 4 marks. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

87 Thos. fitz Rob. de la Bruere, with consent of his mother 

Helen, to Nuns: land in par. of A. S. next the Jewry, 
held of him by Ralf Prudfot, betw. land of Ralf Ballard 
and land of Walter Pie : rent 6 d , and 6 d to Hosp. of S. 
John the Ev., the brethren giving him 2 marks towards 
the charges of his pilgrimage. Witn. Hervy fitz Eustace. 

88 Hugh fitz Absalon of Cambr. to Nuns for health of souls of 

himself and his sister Letitia : a rent of 29^ d paid to him 
by Fulk Crocheman out of a ten fc in vico Judeorum qui 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 93 

descendit a via usque ad cimiterium Omnium Sanctorum : 
possession of said ten* reserved to donor during life : Nuns 
to celebrate anniversary of his sist. Letitia on eve and day 
of the Purification, when Nuns are to have the whole rent 
for their pitancia. Witn. Baldwin Blangernun. 

Vicus Judeorum otherwise Pilate's Lane. 

89 Stephen de Elvenegard in Eswell and wife Emma to Nicol 

de Well, rector of S. Etheldred's ch., Histon : mess, in 
Jewry, Camb. next land of Job. de Coteham, extending 
from highway to King's ditch : rent a pair of gloves, 
price J d , hagable l d and gers. 8 marks. Witn. Hervey 
fitz Eustace. 

Seal : flower of eight petals : legend EMME DELAMORE 
(Delamore, i.q. de la Bruere supra}. 

90 Azo Coleman to Rob. Seman : land in A. S. par. on bank 

called Blancwyneshithe, next land of Walter son of Scolas- 
tica: rent 8 d , gers. % mark. Witu. Baldwin Blangernun. 

91 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Will. Pilate : land in A. S. par. next 

land of Ailitha, widow, formerly held by Maud de cimi- 
terio : rent 8 d and 2 capons. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

92 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Will. Athelard: mess. &c. in A. S. 

par. betw. land of Hosp. of S. John and land of Will. Pye : 
rent 4 s 6 d . Witn. Adam fitz Eustace. 

93 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Barth. le Noble : mess, in A. S. par. in 

which Symon le Blund dwelt, betw. land of said Barth. 
and land of Andr. de Wynepol, extending from highway 
to land of Bernard Grim and land of Ric. Bullok : rent 2 s , 
gers. 5 marks. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

94 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Eustace fitz Will. Barun de Newen- 

ham: land &c. in A. S. par. in Jewry betw. land of 
Michael Malherb on one side and the burial ground of 
the ch. and land of Barth. le Noble on the other : rent 2 s 
and four gallons (lagenae) of oil to maintain a lamp at the 
altar of the blessed Mary in our ch. of S. Rad. for the 
anniversary for souls of Will. Holdgord and others. Witn. 
Thos. Tuylet. 



94 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

95 Nuns (Pr. Milsentia) to Ernisius, merchant, of Camb. : mess. 

in A. S. par. betw. land of Gate Crocheman and land 
formerly of Ric. Bulloc, ab. on highway and land formerly 
in tenure of Duront le Lung: rent 4' besides gersuma. 
Witn. Thos. Tuylet 

96 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Ric. Crocheman : mess, in A. S. par. in 

Jewry betw. land of R. C. and land formerly in tenure of 
Job. le Seenz, ab. as the last-mentioned mess. : rent 4*. 
Job. But, mayor. Edw. I. 13. 

97 Job. Porthors of Camb. to Nuns: rent of 13 d out of a mess. 

in A. S. par. held of him by Job. Waubert, near the 
Hospital, betw. a mess, formerly of Walter Pilat and the 
King's lane. Job. But, mayor. 

The grant is for the souls of his father, Job. de Berton, and 
his mother Agnes 'pro eo quod aninm Joins predict! patris mei 
daiupnum seu periculum habere non debet occasione retencionw 
dunrum sol. argenti annul redditus quos prodicte soimoniales de 
capital! messuagio Johis fmtris mei in parochia ecclesie Scl de- 
mentis ad terminoH predictos percipere consueyemnt.' 

98 Nuns (Pr. Amitia de Driffeld) to Ric. fitz Walter Croche- 

man : ten 1 in A. S. par. in Jewry betw. Pilateslane and 
land of said R. C., ab. on highway and land of Thos. de 
Luchefeld: rent 6 d and a mark pre manibus. Barth. 



99 Ric. Plowwryghte, carpenter, of Trumpitone bound in sum 
of 20 to erect for Job. Pilate and complete satisfactorily 
before festival next following of S. Peter ad Vincula eight 
annexas in a void place in A. 8. par. at end of Nunneslane, 
ab. on highway : ' sparre ' used to be of value not less 
than 3 d : Plowwryghte to receive for timber and labour 
5. 2s. 6d in three instalments. Witn. Job. Stokton. 
Edw. III. 41. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 95 



TRINITY PARISH. 

100 a Geoff. Grirn gives to Alan fitz Edward, in marriage with 

his niece Maud, land betw. land formerly of Ralf the Deaf 
(Surdus) and land of Hen. de Bertham, in H. T. par. next 
Garvin cross. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

6 Maud, relict of Alan Edward of Camb., to Roger de Herdwic, 
servant of the Nuns : an annual rent of 4 s out of a ten* 
in H. T. par. held of her by Fulk le Haneper, outside the 
ditch and near Garewycscruche ; rent a pound of cummin, 
gersuma 25 8 4 d . Witn. Anger le Rus. 

c The afore-mentioned Maud releases to Nuns (Pr. Con- 
stance) same land, Nuns paying her one bisant. Witn. 
Walter of Hauckestone, capellanus. 

The besant in the Boldon Buke is rated at 2*. 

101 a Walter de Lindsey to Ralf fitz Reiner : all his land in H. T. 

par. betw. land of Benedict Feutrer and land of said 
Ralf: rent 4", gersuma 5 8 . Witn. Will, fitz Edward. 
b The same Walter, with consent of his wife Berta, in alms 
to Nuns : homage of Ralf le Feutrer and rent of 4 s paid 
by said Ralf: hagable J d . Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

102 Hugh fitz William to Gudman, merchant: mess. betw. 

H. T. ch. and house of Isabel Sephare : rent 16 d . 

103 Nuns (Pr. Mabilia) to Ric. fitz Rob. de Fulburne, baker, 

and wife, Alice: ten 1 in H. T. par. betw. land of Minor 
Friars and land formerly of Anger le Rus: rent 12 8 . 
Witn. Ric. fitz Laurence. 

104a Nuns (Pr. Custancia) to Rob. fitz Ralf le Chapeler : mess, 
formerly held of them by his father, Ralf, in H. T. par. 
outside the ditch betw. land formerly of Will. Filtrarius 
and land of Prior of Barnw., extending from highway to 
Nuns' croft : not to alienate to Jews : rent 12 d . Witn. 
Will, de Hauckeston. 

6 Ralf fitz Ralf Filtarius to his bro. Rob.: mess, in suburb of 
Camb. in Felterestrete betw. land of Prior of Barnw., 
land formerly of Will. Filtarius and Sarandescroft : rent 



96 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

pair of gloves, price J d , and to Nuns 4*. Witn. Magr. 
Martin de S. Radegund. 

Felter St. = Wales Lane or King St. 

105 Hen. de Berton to Will, de Henxeham : J acre opposite the 

house of Ralf le Feuterier: rent 3', and gersuma 8". 
Witn. Ervey fitz Martin. 

106 Will. Rolff, vicar of All Saints' next the Hospital, and 

others to Job. Irapyton of Camb., smith ; a ten 1 in H. T. 
par. betw. land of Laur. de Talworth and ten 4 of Rob. 
Martyn ab. on ten 1 of R. Martyn and on Conditstrete : 
rent 12 silver pennies to Nuns. Joh. Moris, mayor. 
Edw. III. 40. 

107 Nuns (Pr. Margt. Clanile) to Simon WyntleHete of Camb., 

cutler, and wife Isabel : mess, in Walyslane, betw. mess. 
of Joh. Norton, cordwainer, and mess, of Joh. de Refham, 
ab. on highway and on garden of Joh. Blaunpayn : for 
their lives: rent 5 s . Edw. III. 46. 

108 Nuns give license to Geoff. Castre and wife Margt. for an 

eavesdropping from their house in Wales lane upon 
Sarant's croft for the breadth unius pedis Sancti Pauli. 
Edw. 111. 48. 

Pe* Pauli. v.Arch. Hi*, glossary. 

109 Nuns (Pr. Alice Pilet) to Rob. Foxton and wife Alice: a 

portion of Sarent's croft to enlarge the house and garden 
which R. F. holds of the mayor and commons of Camb.: 
rent 6 d . 1383. 

110 Nuns (Pr. Alicia Pylet) to Alice, wid. of Geoffrey Castre: 

3 shops &c. in Wales lane betw. a ten* of Minor Friars 
and a ten 1 lately of Joh. Baude, ab. on a croft of the 
Nuns late in tenure of Edw. de Ovyngton : for her life, 
rent 6 f . Ric. II. 20. 

111 Nuns (Pr. Margery Herlyng) to Joh. Bylneye : mess. &c. in 

Walyslane in H. T. par. betw. land of Joh. Asschewell 
deed, and King's ditch, ab. on a stone wall of Minor 
Friars and on a ten 1 of Asschewell : for 60 years, rent 
2 s . Joh. Gaynysford, mayor. Henry IV. 10. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 97 

112 Nuns (Pr. Margery Herlyng) to Job. Essex, saddler : ten* in 
Walyslane betw. bouse of Minor Friars and a ten* of 
Essex, ab. on highway and Sarantiscrofb : for 60 years, 
rent 5 s . Henry IV. 10. 

113a Alice, wid. of Rob. Foxton, notary, releases to Nuns (Pr. 
Agnes Seyntlowe) a corner ten* in H. T. par. ab. on high- 
way opposite the chain bridge towards W., on lane going 
towards Barnw. opposite wall of Minor Friars towards N., 
on land of said Alice, E., and on a ten* of Barnw. Priory 
occupied by Thos. Goode, S.: the ten* having been leased 
to her husband by the Nuns. Henry VI. 22. 
b Thos. Goode of Camb., chandler, and his son Thos. release 
the above ten* to the Nuns. Ric. Wryghte, mayor. 
Henry VI. 24. 

c Nuns lease same ten* for 12 years to John Elys of Camb.: 
rent 13 8 4 d . Nuns undertake to find timber, straw, clay, 
splentys, boards &c. for doors, windows, plaunchyng and 
all nails necessary : tenant to repair. Henry VI. 24. 

114 Nuns (Pr. Agnes) to Rob. Coope of Camb. and wife Agnes: 

two ten* 8 in H. T. par. in lane leading from Waleslane 
brigge towards Barnw. betw. ten* of Job. Heyward, W. 
and ten* of Edw. Hyderston, E., ab. on lane, S. and on 
Nuns' croft N.: for lives, rent 8'. Job. Belton, mayor. 
Henry VI. 35. 

115 Nuns (Pr. Agnes Senclowe) to Job. Stowe of Camb. and 

wife Elena: farm &c. with buildings lately erected in 
H. T. par. betw. le comen diche, E. and ten* of Nuns, W., 
ab. on Waleslane N. and on garden of Rob. Coope, late 
of Rob. Browne, S.: for 80 years, rent 2 9 . Joh. Belton, 
mayor. Henry VI. 35. 

116 Nuns (Pr. Joan) to Joh. Chapman of Camb., brewer: void 

place in H. T. par. in Wales lane betw. wall of Minor 
Friars, W. and a ten* of Nuns in tenure of Thos. Thorue, 
E., said lane, S., and garden of the Nuns occupied by 
Joh. Hay ward, N. : for 26 years, rent 2 8 . Tenant to 
build and maintain a house on said place and let it to the 
Nuns. Rob. Coope, mayor. Edw. IV. 6. 
C. A. S. Octavo Serie*. 7 



98 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

117 Nuns (Pr. Eliz. Walton) to Rio. Thorn, cordwainer: ten* 

&c. in H. T. par. in lane leading from Wallyslane brigge 
towards Barnw. betw. a ten 1 of Joh. Heyward, E. and a 
ten* of the Nuns in occupation of Joh. Chapman, W., ab. 
on said lane and on land of the Nuns in occupation of 
Joh. Heyward : for 40 years, rent 4 s . Edw. IV. 12. 

118 Nuns (Pr. Joan Cambridge) to Agnes Hungyrford, wid. of 

Rob. H.: ten* &c. in Wallyslane betw. ten* belonging to 
the Pascal of H. T. ch. and a ten* of Thos. Rede, M.D., 
ab. on lane and on a garden of Thos. Rede : for 20 years, 
rent 6 8 d . 1483. 

119 Nuns (Pr. Joan) to Joh. Dale: mess, in H. T. par. in street 

leading from Cope's cross to Barnw. betw. a mess, of 
Nuns late in tenure of Ric. Thome, W. and mess, of 
Dale, E., ab. on Wales lane, S. and mess, of Dale, N.: 
rent 2* and 2 capons, value 4 d . Nich. Hylton, mayor. 
1485. 

120 Nuns (Pr. Joan Cambrigge) to Joh. Dale of Camb.: garden 

in Wales lane in H. T. par. betw. a mess, of Nuns in 
tenure of Ric. Thome, S., croft of Nuns in tenure of 
Will Pechard, N., ab. on a bam of Dale, late of Joh. 
Heyward, E., and wall of Minor Friars, W. : for 30 years, 
rent 8 d . Henry VIL 1. 



S. ANDREW'S PARISH. 

121 a Humphy fitz Bernard le Herde to Peter de Rising, clerk : 
one acre in S* A. par. outside Barnwell gates, "betw. land 
of Nuns and land of Tho. Wolward with buildings thereon 
and all rights except his mother's dowry so long as she 
lives : rent | d , and 2 marks gersuma. Witn. John le Rus. 

6 Peter de Rising, clerk, to Geoff, fitz Tho. de Littlebery : the 
same acre &c., excepting a third part which Sabina, wid. 
of Bernard Pastor, holds as dowry : rent &c. as above, and 
to Nuns 2" 6 d and two capons. Witn. Tho. Tuillet. 

c Above Geoff., clerk, quitclaims same acre to Nuns in con- 
sideration of .their releasing him from the aforesaid rent 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 99 

of 2 s 6 d and from a rent of 4 s due to the Nuns from a 
piece of land in the suburbs of Camb., betw. highway 
and land of Will. Sveteye and betw. the great street and 
land of Tho. de Dittone, clerk. Witn. Nich. Childman. 

122a Nich. fitz Mich. Malherbe of Camb. to Will, de Bestun, 
clerk : a rent of 3 8 out of a mess, in S* A. par. held by 
Will, de Mordun, betw. land of Joh. Parleben and land of 
M r Martin de S. Radegund : rent a root of ginger, and 20 s 
gersuma. Witn. Rob. de S. Edmundo, capitalis ballivus. 

b The same to the same : a rent of 5 8 out of a mess, in S* A. 
par. held by Will., the smith, betw. land of Hen. de 
Mordun and land of Hugh Newecumen : rent a root of 
ginger, and 40 8 gersuma. Witn. as above. 

c Will, de Bestone, clerk, to Nuns (Pr. distance): a rent of 
8" out of two mess, in S 1 A. par. outside Barnwell gates : 
gersuma 5 marks. Witn. Ric. fitz Laurence, capitalis 
ballivus. 

123 Nuns (Pr. Custancia) to Andr. fitz Ralf Knapere de S. 

Edmundo and his wife Alice, dau. of Rob. ad fontem de 
Hyntone : mess, formerly of Rob. de Trumpitone, in 
S 1 A. par. betw. land of Jas. le Wauter, land of Elena 
Alshope and land of Pet. de Wilburham, ab. on highway 
and land of Alan de Teversham: rent 5" 6 d . Witn. 
Will. Elyot. 

124 Ysabel, dau. of Alan de Teversham, widow, to Pet., nephew 

of Pet., late vicar of H. T. church, Camb.: mess, in S 1 A. 
par. betw. land of Mabilia Golofer, the highway, land of 
Marg. de Abiton and Rokislane : 4 marks gersuma, rent 
to Nuns 7" 4 d and lights for the altar of the B.V. in 
S 1 A. church. Barth. Goggyug, mayor. 

Rokislane, otherwise Rogues', Hangman's or Hinton Lane, now 
Christ's Lane. 

125 Crestiana, dau. of Godard, to Hugh fitz Will.: land in S* A. 

par. betw. land of Barnwell Priory and land of Ric. de 
Bernewell, behind the chapel of the H. T.: rent 12 d , and 
2 8 6 d gersuma. Witn. Gregory fitz Hugh. 

72 



100 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

126 a Rob. de Tychewell, cissor, of Camb. to Alan de Badburham 

of Camb. and his wife Marg.: mess, in S l A. par. in 
Rokeslane. Eudo de Helpringham, mayor. 
b Stephen fitz Adam Godesone quitclaims same mess, to same 
Rob. Symon de Refham, mayor. Ed. II. 16. 

127 Rail' de Derham and wife Maud, dau. of Adam, pictor, to 

Will., parson of Morpad : land in S l A. par. Witn. 
Baldwin Blangernun. 

128a Nich. fitz Alexander, Almoner of Ely, to Everard fitz 
Philip : land in S' A. par. betw. land of Rob. de Taxstede 
and of Will. Duzedeners: rent 4', and 2' gersuma. 
Witn. Baldwin Blangernun. 

b Same Everard to Joh. fitz Job., smith ; same land : rent to 
Ely Almoner 4 , and 6" gersuma to Everard. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

129 Alan de Hyntou, piscator, of Camb. to Joh. Paulin and his 

son Joh.: land in S l A. par. Joh. Buth, mayor. Edw. 
1.19. 

130 Oldeburga, dau. of Ric. Gulafre, to Hen. de Berton : land 

in S l A. par., betw. lane to Hinton and land of her bro. 
Ric.: rent 8 a , and 30* gersuma. Witn. Hervey Grim. 

131 a Tho. fitz Tho., mercer, to his sister Cecilia : mess, in S 1 A. 

par. betw. Hinton lane and Mabel Gulafre : rent 8 d . 
Witn. Rob. Seman. 

b The same Tho. to the Nuns : mess, in S 1 A par., butted as 
the last. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

132 Ric. Gulafre to Hen. Leverton : land in S 1 . A. par., betw. 

land of same Ric., land of Absalon fitz Segar and lane 
leading to Hintone: rent 8 d , and 3" gersuma. Witn. 
Hervey Grim. 

133 a Marg., dau. of Stephen, to Rob. de S. Edmundo : a rent of 
6 d out of a mess, formerly belonging to her father in 
S' A. par. Witn. Rob. Saman. 

b Joh. Aelard to the Nuns for their Infirmary : the rent of 
6 d which he bought from Rob. de S. Edmundo proceed- 
ing out of the above-mentioned mess., formerly of Stephen 
fitz Adelin in Willeghes. Witn. Rob. Saman. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 101 

134 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Job. de Biccleswade of Camb.: land in 

S fc A. par. in Deus Deners lane, next highway and land 
of Benet Godesone, ab. on land of the chapel of S. Edmund 
and land of the Hosp. of S. John : rent 2 8 6 d . Witn. 
Job. Martin. 

135 Job. Pawe of Camb. and dau. Katerina to Nich. Pa we of 

Camb.: a garden &c. in S 1 A. par. in Preachers' St. betw. 
a garden of the Prior of S. Edmund's chapel and a mess, 
of the Hosp. of S. John, ab. on common lane and a garden 
of M r Tho. de Suthwerke : the said garden &c. being held 
by him of the Nuns : rent 2 8 6 d . Eudo de Helpringham, 
mayor. Edw. II. 18. 

136 a Marg., dau. of Emma, to Nuns for their Infirmary : mess, 
in lane leading from S' A. ch. towards Hintune, betw. land 
of Hen. Elyot and land of Nuns. Witn. Tho. Toilet. 
b Ric. fitz Walter de Pynchebek of Camb. and his wife 
Muriel to Job. Edward : the mess, above described. 
Symon de Refham, mayor. 

137 Cecilia Sagar to M r Martin de S. Radegund : land in the 

great street outside Barnwell gate, betw. land of Will., 
smith, and land of Ric. Marscal : rent to Nuns 7 d . Witn. 
Simon Godeloth. 

138 Nuns to Hen. de Mordon : cortillage and house formerly of 

M r Martin in S 4 A. par.: rent half a mark. Witn. Will. 

de Newenham. 
139 a Roger de Capella to Will, de Barlham, clerk : burgage &c. 

outside Barnw. gate, occupied by Walter Seger : rent to 

Nuns 18 d and a hen, to heirs of Nich. Doy 4 d , hagable 

l d . Witn. Ric. fitz Laurence. 
b The above Will, de B. to Will, titz Roger de Norwyc : the 

same burgage : 30 marks gersuma, rent to Nuns I8 d , 

hagable l| d . Witn. Job. Porthors. 
140 Nuns to Tho. Engayne of Camb., his wife Katherine and 

son Tho.: a garden in S k A. par. at south end of town, 

betw. a tenement of Reg. de Trumpyton and land of the 

Nuns, ab. on Nuns' land and highway: rent 4 8 . Edw. 

III. 17. 



102 CHARTERS OF THE 

141 Nuns (Pr. Margaret) to Job. Berlee of Camb. : a tenement 

in S* A. par. betw. a tenement of Corp. Chr. Coll., a 
tenement of Job. de Toft and a tenement of Rob. de 
Parys, ab. on highway, the King's ditch and Pouches 
croft : for 40 years, rent 18'. Tenant to repair buildings 
on the tenement, viz., a hall with solar and two cellars 
under the solar, a chamber to W. of the hall, three 
chambers in front of the tenement and a dovehouse. 
Job. Morice, mayor. Edw. III. 43. 

142 Nuns (Pr. Margery Harlyng) to Rob. Pynniugton : a tene- 

ment in S l A. par. betw. a tenement of Corp. Chr. Coll., 
a tenement of Job. Huntingdon, (late of Job. Cotton) 
and a garden which Job. Weston holds of the Nuns, ab. 
on the highway, King's Ditch and Pouches croft (which 
belongs to the Prior and Canons of 8. Edmund's chapel): 
for 80 years, rent 17". The Nuns to supply tenant after 
wheat harvest with one acre of wheat-straw, and tenant 
to be allowed to cut down trees to repair premises, plant- 
ing others in their place. Job. Qaynesford, mayor. 
Henry IV. 9. 

143 Ric. Busshe and others to Will. Mast, baker, and others : a 

mess, in S 1 A. par. in Prechourstrete, betw. a tenement 
of Corp. Chr. Coll. and a tenement of Adam Peyntour, 
ab. on highway and a garden of Job. Baldok. Job. 
Bilney, mayor. Henry V. 3. 

144a Will of Will. Mast, dated Dec. 3, 1432. 

Among the legacies are : to the high altar of All Saints' church 
(where he is to be buried) 20" : to his brother in law, Andr. 
Sharp, his tenement in Preacherstrete for life : to each order of 
mendicant friars in Camb. 20" : to the Nuns of S. Rad. 20 s , the 
Prioress to have as much as two nuns : to the Nuns of Swafham 
10* : executors to find 5 priests to celebrate for his soul. 

b Probate of above will. Dec. 16, 1432. 

c The executors of the same will convey to Andr. Sharp the 

tenement in Preacherstrete. Henry VI. 12. 
d Sharp's release to Mast's executors. Henry VL 13. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY, 103 

145 a Marg., wid. of Will. Mast, to Rob. Koker and others: a 
mess, in Preacherstrete. Witn. Tho. Heyrman, mayor. 
Hen. VI. 29. 
b Letter of attorney from Marg. Mast to Tho. Porter to 

deliver seisin of last named mess. Henry VI. 29. 
c Rob. Coker to Nuns (Pr. Elizabeth): the same mess., 
described as betw. a tenement of Corp. Chr. Coll., S., a 
tenement of Joh. Coloffe, N., a garden of Geoff. Newell, 
W.: for 99 years, rent 16 d to Corp. Chr. Coll., as quit 
rent of a tenement in S. Mary's ip&T.juxta forum, betw. a 
tenement of Rob. Coker, S., and Cutlerrowe, N., which he 
holds of the Nuns Rob. Cooper, mayor. Dec. 10, 1468. 
d Rob. Coker releases to Nuns (Pr. Elizabeth) same mess., 
reserving power to distrain in case the Nuns fail to pay 
to Corp. Chr. Coll. the above mentioned quit rent. Rob. 
Cooper, mayor. Feb. 25, Edw. IV. 8. 

146 a Mario ta, wid. of Joh. Quenburgh of Horningsey, to Joh. 
Foster: mess, in Preacher Strete, betw. a tenement of 
Corp. Chr. Coll. and a tenement of Adam Peyntour, ab. 
on the street and a garden of Joh. Baldok. Ric. II. 13. 
b Joh. Foster of Bodekesham to Rob. Brigham of Camb.: the 
same mess. Ric. II. 21. 

147 Joh. Baynard of Stapleford to Simon de Sleford and others; 

a shop with solar above it in S 1 A. par., bounded by 
highway, land of said Simon, and a tenement of Walter 
Hervy. Witn. Joh. de Essex. Edw. III. 32. 

148 Simon Sleford to Joh. Asschwell, tailor, of Camb.: a tene- 

ment betw. Rokeslane and a tenement late of Walter 
Hervy, ab. on a tenement of Joh. de Badburgham and 
highway. Witn. Ric. Fowke, mayor. Edw. III. 42. 

149 Andr. Beauchamp of Stowe to Walt. Pannfeld, goldsmith, 

of Camb.: a barn and garden in S 1 A. par. betw. land of 
Ely Sacrist and Hangmanneslane, ab. on garden of same 
Andr. and land of Joh. de Badburgham. Joh. Gybon, 
mayor. Edw. III. 45. 

150a Same Andr. to Joh. de Wauton : mess, in S 1 A. par. betw. 
a mess, of the Prior of Ely and Hangmanneslane, ab. on 



104 JCHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

Preachoure Streete, which mess, said Andr. bought of 
Job. de Asschewelle, tailor. Joh. Gybon, mayor. Edw. 
III. 46. 

b Joh. de Wauton to Will, de Wykmer, University bedel : 
mess, above described. Joh. Gybon, mayor. Edw. III. 
46. 

151 Margery, wid. of above Will, to the Nuns : a tenement in 

S* A. par. next the lane leading to Hynkton. Hen. V. 8. 

152 Nuns (Pr. Agnes Seynctlowe) to Ely Priory (Prior, Edmund 

Walsyngham): a void place in S l A. par. lately held by 
Will. Wygmer, University bedel, of the Nuns for a rent 
of 8', betw. a void plot of Ely Sacrist, S., and lane leading 
to Hynton, N ., ab. on a tenement of the Nuns leased to 
Joh. Grenelane, E., and on highway, W.: rent 4". Ely, 
Hen. V. 9. 

Seal of Ely Convent 

153 Nuns (Pr. Agnes Senclow) to Rob. Gotobedde : mess, in 

Waleslaue in S' A. par. betw. a tenement late of Joh. 
Refham and a tenement late of Joh. de Norton, ab. on 
highway and a toft late of Joh. de Blancpayn : lease for 
60 years, rent 4*. The tenant to build a new barn and a 
new house for two tenants on said mess. Joh. Grenelane, 
mayor. Feb. 18, 1422. 

154 Indenture, in English, betw. the Nuns (Pr. Elizabeth) and 

Ric. Wodecok, butcher. 

For the matter, see p. 41. 

155 Nuns (Pr. Eliz. Walton) release to Joh. Ely a rent of 6' 

proceeding out of a void place in S 1 A. par. called the 
Swerd on the Hope, betw. land of the Nuns leased to 
Joh. Baldewyn, glover, S., and a tenement of Hen. Paris, 
gentleman, N., ab. on a farm of the Nuns occupied by 
Joh. Ely, E.: tenant to pay instead a rent of 1" 8 d . Joh. 
Wyghton, mayor. Edw. IV. 19. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 105 



S. PETER'S PARISH EXTRA TRUMPINGTON GATE. 

(The old church of S. Peter fell down soon after 1325: 
before 1349 the new church dedicated to S. Mary was com- 
pleted. The deeds in the list below are all of the 13th 
century.) 

156 a Half Sigan, priest, to the Nuns : land without Trump, 
gate next land of Hen. Meso and land of which his son 
Coleman has the reversion after his death. Witn. 
Maurice, capellanus. 

b The same to the same : land in same place. Same wit- 
nesses. 

c Hugh fitz Algar Brest releases to the Nuns (Pr. Leticia) 
land given to them by Ralf Sigan. Witn. Hervey fitz 
Eustace. 

157 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Ric. Burs, butcher, land in S 1 P. par. 

without Trump, gate, betw. land of Ric. Sinereles and 
land of Hen. Scolemaister : rent 12 d , two capons, and 
half a mark as gersuma. Witn. Sir Drogo, capellanus. 

158 Nuns to Mabel Blangernun for her life: a mess, in Trump. 

street formerly held of them by Hen. Scolemayster, 
betw. a mess, of Ric. Burs, butcher, and a mess, of 
Ric. Can: rent 5". Witn. Joh. Ruffus. 

159 Nuns (Pr. Custancia) to Pet. de Wilburham and wife 

Sabina: a mess, in S 1 P. par. without Trump, gate, lately 
held of Nuns by Mabel Blangernun, betw. land of said 
Sabina and land of Tho. de Cotenham: rent 3 s . Joh. 
Leacon, mayor. 

160 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Joh. de Eylesham and wife Sabina: 

plot of ground in S 1 P. par. without Trump, gate, betw. 
his land and land of Mr Hugh de Hulmo, ab. in front on 
the highway : rent 6 d . Joh. Martin, mayor. 

This plot was included in the site of Peterhouse : see Arch. 
Hist. I., p. 3, and Hundr. Rolls IL, p. 371. 

161 Marg., wid. of Ralf, to Rob. fitz Maud : land in S 1 P. par. 

extra portam Cantebr. betw. land of S fc P. church and land 



106 CHARTERS OF THE PRIOR V. 

of Absalon fitz Wymund, next the chapel of S. Edmund : 
rent 4 d , two capons, and 2' gersuma. Witn. Walt., son 
of Mr Geoffrey. 



S. BOTOLPH'S PARISH. 

162 Ric. Bateroan of Camb. to the Nuns (Pr. Agnes Burgeillo) 

in exchange for a mess, late of Will. Nonacurt : a rent of 
12* out of a mess, near the King's Ditch next Trump, 
gate, and another of 8 d out of three shops in Pirones 
lane, betw. a mess, of Tho. le Moner and a mess, of Alice 
de Bradelee, Witn. Barth. Goggyng. 
PirouoB lane, see Arch. Hitt. i. p. 335. 

163 Alice, dau. of Ric. Gibelot, to Nuns : a mess, next the 

cemetery of S* B. and ab. on highway and land of S 1 B. 
Witn. Will. Morice. 

164 Nuns (Pr. Mabilia) to Heu. de Cotes : a mess, in S 1 B. par. 

in Melnestrate, given to them by Symon Godelote, betw. 
land late of Pet. de Well and land of Ric. fitz Laurence : 
rent 20* besides a rent charge to S. John's Hospital. 
Witn. Humfrey Brithnod. 

165 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Martin Brictnot : land &c. in S 1 B. 

par. betw. his land and land of Will. Mildes: rent 16 d 
and 16* gersuma. Witn. Hervey, clerk. 

166 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Joh. Martin and wife Avice : a mess. 

in S 1 B. par. betw. his land and a mess, of Joh. Hardy : 
rent 2*. Rob. Tuyllet, mayor. 

167 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Ralf fitz Joh. Roger de Cumbertone : 

plot of ground in S* B. par. betw. a mess, of Hen. Hardi 
and a mess, of Will. Martin, ab. on highway: rent 3". 
Witn. Joh. Porthors. 1299. 

168 Will., vicar of All Saints' ch., and others to Joh. Cheseman 

and wife Joan for their lives : a mess, in S 1 B. par. : rent 
18 d . Roger de Harleston, mayor. Ed. III. 31. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 107 



S. BENET'S PARISH. 

169 a Walter son of Master Geoff, of Camb. to Peter fitz Bur- 
chard : land in S 1 B. par. which Filurun held of his 
father : rent 2 8 , two capons and two hens and 20 s gersuma. 
Witn. Bartholomew, chaplain. 

b Will, de S' Edmund to Nuns : the above mess., described as 
in the great street towards Trump, gate ; rent as above, 
the Nuns releasing to him an acre of land in Camb. fields 
which they hold of the same Walter, son of Geoff. Witn. 
Maurice Ruffus. 
c Alice, wife of above Will, de S 1 Edmund and dau. of Master 

Geoff., confirms the above grant. Witn. as above. 
d Walter, son of above Will, and Alice, confirms the same 
grant. Witn. as above. 

170a Alice, dau. of Ric. fitz Peter to Nuns : land in S* B. par. 
betw. land of John Smith and land of Hugh Ruffus, 
reaching from highway to land of Greg. Salter : also land 
in same par. betw. land late in tenure of Godlomb and 
land of Nich. Kyp : also a shop in S. Edward's par. betw. 
a shop of Alan Macston and a shop late of Reg. fitz 
Osbon : Nuns to pay all services, viz. 32 d to the Hosp. 
of St John, 30 d to Almoner of Ely and 2 8 , two capons 
and two hens to heirs of Master Walter fitz Geoff. 
Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

b Ivetta, widow of Peter, quitclaims dower in the second of 
the above premises. Witn. as in the last. 

171 a Cecilia de Wynepol to Nuns: an annual rent of 6 s 7 d , 
viz. 4" out of a mess, held of her by Serlo le Waunter in 
S 1 B. par. betw. land of Joh. Goggyng and land of Alan 
Weaver, and 2 s 7 d out of a mess, held of her by Joh. 
Goggyng in same par. next the former mess, and towards 
Trump, gate. Nuns to pay yearly to S fc B. ch. 4 d and a 
wax candle and 2 d for hagable. Witn. Thos. Toylet. 
6 The same Cecilia releases same mess, to Nuns subject to 
above mentioned charges. Same witnesses. 



108 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

172 a Walter Scissart to Nuns: land in S l B. par. which he 
bought of Rob. fitz Ormar, and land in S l John's par. 
which he bought of Hildebrand Gabyt : Nuns to pay rent 
of 6 d to heirs of Rob. fitz Ormar for the first-named and 
2 d to the King for the other. Witn. Fabianus, priest. 

b Alice, wife of Bernard fitz Edricius, releases above lands 
to Nuns. Witn. Dominus B., official of the archdeacon 
of Ely. 

c Bernard fitz Edricius releases the same. Witnesses as 
in last. 

d Symon fitz Reginald ad portam releases the same. Wit- 
nesses as before. 

173 Thos. le Mercer to Nuns: an annual rent of 16 d out of 
land in S* B. par. held of him by Will. Scurri. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

174a Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Margaret, widow of Thos. Merchant : 
a mess, in S l B. par. betw. land formerly of Walter, son 
of Master Geoff., and land of Margaret Suneman : also a 
mess, in Milne St in S l John's par. betw. land of the 
Nuns in tenure of Nicolas, capellanus, and land of Alan 
Wiclof: rent 7* and two capons with three marks 
gersuma. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

6 The above Margaret grants the mess, in S l John's par. to 
her son Walter: rent to Nuns 4 s and two capons. 
Witn. Rob. Seman. 

175 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Thos. Baker: a mess, in S l B. par. 

betw. land of Peter le Huute and land formerly of 
Godlomb: rent 3* and two capons, with one mark ger- 
suma. Witn. Thomas, parson of S l Benet's. 

176 Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Peter le Hunte : land with buildings 

thereon in S' B. par. betw. land of Nich. Kyep and land 
of Nuns in tenure of Ivetta, widow of Peter Butcher (sic): 
rent 3 s , and two marks gersuma. Witn. Hervey fitz 
Eustace. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 109 



PARISH OF S. JOHN THE BAPTIST IN MILNE STREET. 

177 Apsolon fitz Roger confirms to John fitz Azo the grant 
made to him by Walter Cros of a mess, in M. St. betw. 
land of Peter fitz Yvo and land of said Apsolon : rent 4 s 
to Walt. Cros. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

178 a Aspelon fitz Roger to his dau. Ysabel : a mess, in S fc J. 
par. betw. a mess, lately occupied by his bro. Hugh and a 
mess, of his dau. Margaret : rent half a pound of cumin 
and l d hagable. Witn. Geoff. Potekin. 

b The same Apsolon repeats to the same Ysabel the above 
grant and adds a piece of land formerly belonging to the 
mess, of his bro. Hugh : rent and witnesses as in the last. 

179 The same Absolon fitz Roger, priest, to Martin Wolward : a 

part of the land held by him of Hervey fitz Eustace, next 
land of Reginald fitz Alfred, in the little lane leading to 
S* John's ch., together with a house on the same land : 
rent 20 d . Witn. Hervey Grim. 

180 Hervey fitz Eustace to the Nuns : a rent of 12 d to be paid 

by Absolon, priest's son, out of land in S l J. par. next 
the lane leading from S' Edward's ch. to S e John's ch., to 
recompense them for any loss which may result to All 
Saints' ch. out of the common land on which the Hosp. 
of S l John is situated, and that the same Hosp. may 
have right to bury where they will, salmi eidem hospitali 
libera cantaria sua in perpetuum. Witnesses Dominus 
E[ustace], Eliens. Eps., R. Barre, Archidiac. Eliens., 
Will., Prior of Barnwell, Fulk son of Teobald &c. 

181 Maurice Ruffus in the same terms grants to the Nuns a 

rent of 12 d out of laud in S l J. par. in the tenure of 
Symon fitz Reginald, next land of Goding de Cestertun. 
Witnesses as in the last. 

182 a Gerernias Banastre of Elteslee to Ysabel, sister of his wife 

Margaret : land in M. St., par. of S* J., being part of the 
land given to him by Aspelon fitz Roger in marriage with 



110 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

his dau. Margaret: rent 6 d , and 40" gersuma. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

b Margaret, widow of Jeremias Banastre, to the Nuns : the 
above mentioned land : rent 6 d , and two marks gersuma. 
Witn. Rob. de S l Edmund. 

183 The same Margaret, widow of German (sic) Banastre to her 

dau. Lecia: a rent of 3' payable by Simon ad aquam, 
and one of 12 d payable by the Nuns : Lecia to pay yearly 
a silver farthing. Witn. Rob. Bariastre &c. 

184 Amycia, dau. of John Banastre of Eltisle, to Sir John de 

Triplawe, Rector of Reymerston, dioc. Norwich : a rent of 
12* payable by the Nuns out of a mess, in M. St., par. of 
S* J., formerly of Roger de Costyshey and Rob. de 
Wynebotisham : no rent. John Pylat, mayor. Edw. III. 5. 
185a Aspelon fitz Roger confirms to Nuns a rent of 4' out of 
land in tenure of John fitz Acius, betw. the land given 
by said Aspelon to his dau. Margaret and land of Yvo 
fitz [blank], which rent his son Reginald gave to the 
Nuns for one lamp in their church. Witn. Hervey fitz 
Eustace. 

b The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to John fitz Acius : a mess, in 
M. St., betw. land of Peter fitz Yvo and land of Jeremias 
of Eltislee, which mess, was bequeathed to them by 
Reg. fitz Absolon for a lamp before the altar of the B.V. 
and confirmed to them by said Absolon : rent 4', and 
4* gersuma. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

186 The Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Alan Whitlof and his wife 

Alice : a mess, in M. St. given to them by Walter Gyffard : 
rent 18*. Witn. Rob. Saman. 

187 The Nuns (Pr. Milisentia) to Symon de Wynebodesham 

and wife Margaret: land and buildings thereon in M. St., 
par. of S l J., betw. land of Thos. Wolward and land of 
Jeremias de Elteslee, extending 220 ft. from the great 
street to the river (fossatum) and at the river end 102 ft. 
betw. land of Alice Belbar and land of John fitz Azo : 
rent one mark, and half a mark gersuma. Witn. Thos. 
Tuyllet. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. Ill 

188 Agreement betw. the Nuns (Pr. Agnes Shenkelowe) and 

Joh. Bridbrok, clerk, before Job. Bilneye, mayor, respect- 
ing the rent of 4 s arising from the mess, given by Reg. 
fitz Absolon to Letitia, late Prioress. The position and 
bounds of the said mess, being unknown to any living 
person the said J. B. agrees that the said rent shall 
in future be paid out of a mess, of his in M. St. betw. 
a mess, once of Will. Wynde, afterwards of Nich. Hethe, 
now of Joh. Ascheman and a tenement of Clara Hall, 
called Hospicium Wallicorum, ab. on M. St. The Nuns 
to pray for him as one of their benefactors. Henry VI. 5. 

189 Mariota, widow of Ric. de Berton, to Maud, her dau. ; a 

mess, in M. St., par. of S* J., opposite the church, betw. a 
tenement of Alberis de Saltrega and a tenement of Will. 
Pitcock (held de feodo Hospitalis Scl Johannis de Jeru- 
salem) on N., and a shop and yard and Pyrones lane 
on S., ab. E. on a tenement of Maud de Walda and a 
tenement of Derota la Parchiminere, and W. on the 
street and yard of said shop: rent a silver penny as 
hagable, and one penny to said Mariota. John But, 
mayor. Ed. I. 20. 

The Hospital mentioned is not that of St John, Cambridge, but 
that of St John of Jerusalem, in England, which possessed property 
in the par. of St J. See Hundr. Rolls, n., p. 360. 

190 Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Joh. le Lominor, bis wife Mabel and 

heirs: a mess, in Melne strete in the par. of S. John 
Baptist, betw. Pyron lane and a mess, of said Joh. le L., 
ab. on Melne strete and a mess, of the same John : 
rent 3*. Rob. Tuylet, mayor. 

191 Nuns (Pr. Margaret Clanille) to Will. Stote and his son 

Thos. : a rent proceeding out of ground in the par. of 
S 1 J., betw. a mess, of Marg. le Clerk of Chesterton and a 
mess, of the said Will., ab. on a void place of Damalis de 
Felstede and highway: they to pay annually 12 d , and for 
the first seven years 7 8 in advance. Joh. London, mayor. 
Edw. III. 38. 



112 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 



S. EDWARD'S PARISH. 

192 Stephen de Schalariis grants to Absalon fitz Roger of 

Camb. three shops in stallis Cantebr. rented respectively 
at 5', 4" and 3 9 , receiving from him 100 shillings pre 
manibus 'ad magnum negocium rneum perficiendum.' 
Witn. Geoff. Potekin. 

193 Adam Sellarius grants to Hen. Hubert in marriage with his 

sister Edusa a shop in S' E. par. betw. laud of Baldewin 
Blangernun and land lately in tenure of Barth. Taillur : 
rent 3 1 . Witn. Geoff. Potekin. 

1 94a The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Henry Huberd : a shop in S 1 E. 
par. betw. land of the Nuns and land formerly of Peter, 
capellanus de Neweham : rent 3'. Witn. Geoff. Potekin. 
b Henry Hubert grants to Thos. Pertehaye in marriage with 
his dau. Eva the shop mentioned in the last : rent 3" to 
the Nuns. Witn. Thos. Thuilhet. 

195 The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Ric. Morin: a shop betw. a shop 

of Hen. Hubert and a shop of Nigel le Seller, both held 
of the Nuns: rent 5", and 4 8 gersuma. .Witn. Rob. 
Seman. 

196 The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Ralf fitz Hervey : three mess, in 

circuitu cimiterii Sci Edwardi, one next a mess, of the 
Nuns occupied by Maud Dun, the others on either side 
of a mess, of Ivo de Bramton : rent 4" and four capons, 
with 20 s gersuma. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

J97 The Nuns (Pr. Milesentia) to Will. Tuylet: land in stallagio 
formerly held of them by Hen. Hubert : rent 2 8 . Witn. 
Thos. Tuylet 

198 Robert fitz Anger le Rus to the Nuns (Pr. Custancia) : a 
quit rent of 3* out of a mess, formerly of Hen. Spileman 
in the Cornmarket, betw. land of John ad portam and 
land of Nicholas ultra forum : in return the Nuns release 
to John de Sausitone a rent of 3 8 due to them from Ralf 
de Bancis for a virgate of land in Pampesworth. Ric. 
fitz Laurence, mayor. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 113 

199 Maud Pinniger binds herself to pay to the Nuns a rent of 

7 s for a shop in the Butchery, between the stalls given 
to them by Ric. ad portam, the said shop having been 
formerly held of the Nuns by Eustace Selede. Witn. 
Dominus Walter de Havekestone, capellanus. 

200 John de Branketre (or ?Brankstre) and his son Thos. to 

Richard de Sco Neoto of Camb. butcher: a mess, in 
Tripereslane betw. a tenement of Andrew Wolleward 
and a tenement of Geoff, le Feror: rent to the Almoner 
of Ely 2", to the Nuns 6" and 6 capons (or 12 d ), and 18 s 
to the said John. Edw. I. 34. 

201 William Flemyng of Camb., butcher, releases to the Nuns 

a shop which has escheated to them, in Bocheria in S fc E. 
par. Symon de Refham, mayor. Edw. II. 5. 

202 Thomas de Maddyngle quitclaims to D 8 William, chaplain, 

son of Thos. de Wynepol, scrivener, a mess, formerly of 
Joan Casteleyn in S l E. par. at the end of the Bucherie 
betw. a tenement of Walter fitz Thomas, butcher, and 
the Oatmarket and ab. at either end on the street. Rob. 
Dunnyng, mayor. Edw. II. 10. 

203 William de Ixnyng, vicar of All Saints', and others lease to 

Ste. Moriz a mess, containing two shops in the Bocherie, 
betw. a shop belonging to S fc John's House and a shop of 
S fc Rad. House, for 53 years: rent to the Prior of Barn well 
4 4 d , to S fc John's House 4, to the Prioress of Swaifham 
4 6 d , to the Prioress of S fc Rad. 4" 2 d and to the said 
William 12 d . John de London, mayor. Edw. III. 40. 

204 Ely Convent (John, Prior) leases to John Frenge, his 

wife Agnes and son John, two mess, in Camb., the one 
in S fc E. par. ab. on a mess, of the Almoner of Ely, 
occupied by the said J. F., and on a mess, of the Nuns, 
and extending along the lane next the churchyard of 
S fc E. ; the other with hithe appertaining called Cholles- 
hithe in the parish of S fc John, in the lane called Water- 
lane, betw. a mess, of Edm. Lyster and the said lane, ab. 
on the river bank and a mess, of Will. Wynde : for the 
term of their lives : rent 18". Dated Ely, Edw. III. 40. 

C. A. S. Octavo Series. 8 



114 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

205 a The Nuns (Pr. Alicia Pilet) lease to Rich. Hynton, 

butcher, and his wife Alice a shop in the Bocherie, betw. 
a shop late of Will, de Lavenham and a shop late of 
John Baldwyn, ab. on the street and S' E. churchyard : 
for the term of their lives : rent 14". John Blannpayn, 
mayor. Rich. II. 2. 

6 The Nuns (Pr. Alicia Pilet) lease the above mentioned 
shop to John Baldwyn, butcher, his wife Joan and dau. 
Isabel for the term of their lives : rent 14". Witn. Will. 
Cumburton. Rich. II. 22. 

206 John de Lincoln to John Roiston of Camb. : a mess, in 

8 l E. par. betw. a mess, of Adam Lolleworth and a mess. 
of John Oreford, ab. on the Cornmarket and on a garden 
of Angleseye Priory. Ric. Mais term an, mayor. Rich. II. 
12. 

207 Acquittance of the Nuns (Pr. Agnes) to John Chance for 

10*, being two years rent of a mess, in S l E. par. in the 
Bochere Rowe, betw. the Otemarket and a shop late of 
John Broun, butcher, and ab. on the street and a mess, 
late of John Sexteyn. Henry VI. 10. 

208 The Nuns (Pr. Eliz. Walton) lease to Richard Woodcok, 

butcher, and his wife Joan, a mess in S l E. par. betw. a 
mess, of John Roys, S., a mess, of Thos. Reede, N., ab. on 
the Bocherie, K, and on S l E. churchyard, W., for 99 
years: rent 15'. Edw. IV. 14. 

209 The Nuns (Pr. Joan Fulburn) lease to Mr Rob. Goodknape, 

clerk, a mesa in S l E. par. betw. a mess, of the Coll. of 
S* Clare, S., a mess, of Simon Bentybowe, late of Will. 
Barford, N., ab. on a mess, of the Solfham Nuns, W., and 
on S 1 E. churchyard, E., for 40 years : rent 4'. Aug. 6, 
1493. 



PARISH OF S. MARY JUXTA FORUM. 

210 Maud Corde, widow, to Nuns : a rent of 3 8 l d and 2 capons 
out of a mess, in S fc M. par. betw. land of Marg* de Abiton 
and land late of Hugh Alderman, reaching from highway 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 115 

to land of Cecilia Pernes: also a rent of 3 s out of a 
mess, next a mess, formerly of Laur. Fitien in par. of 
S. Peter versus castrum, next the street leading towards 
Hulmus and ab. on a mess, formerly of Marg fc Fitien and 
on the highway. John Martin, mayor. 

211 a John fitz William for welfare of souls of himself and 
his lord, Hugh, gives with his body to the Almoner of 
S. Rad. the northern half of a mess., late of Ruold, in 
S* M. par., granted to him by said Hugh : rent to the 
dominus feodi 6 d : the Nuns to find a lamp before the 
altar of the B.V. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

6 Hugh fitz Apsolon to his kinswoman Aldusa : the southern 
half of the above mess., which he bought of his uncle 
Ruald, reaching from the highway before S. Mary's ch. to 
the street leading to S. John's ch. : rent 6 d , and one 
mark gersuma. Witn. Thos., dean of Sanford. 
c Aldusa, dau. of Will. Blancgernun for welfare of souls of 
herself and Hugh fitz Apsalon gives with her body to the 
Nuns the above land, formerly of Ruald Cari : rent 6 d to 
said Hugh. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

212a Hugh fitz Apsolon to his kinswoman Aldusa: mess, held 
of him by Mabilia Harre : rent 12 d , and 16 s gersuma. 
Witn. Thos., dean of Sanford. 

6 Hugh fitz Apsolon grants to Nuns the above rent of 12 d to 
find a lamp for the Nuns' Infirmary : service of the King 
l d . Witn. Fabian, capellanus. 

213a The same Aldusa gives with her body to the Nuns her 
land and buildings in S fc M. par. betw. land of Stephen 
Corduaner and land of Ric. Pernes. Witn. Hervey fitz 
Eustace. 

b The Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Andrew fitz Galien : the above 
land and buildings: rent 8 B . Witn. John and Richard, 
1 our chaplains.' 

214 Henry fitz Hugh to Symon fitz Henry: a shop in Camb. 
market betw. a shop of same Symon and a shop of 
William fitz Henry: rent to John de Bertun 2 s , and 3 
marks gersuma. Witn. D 8 John Fitz Hugh. 

82 



116 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

215 Henry de Bertun, with consent of his wife Alice, to Henry 

fitz Alan : a shop near the shop which Henry fitz Hugh 
holds of him: rent 2", and 2 8 gersuma. Witn. Mr Henry 
Pilat. 

216 Maurice fitz Albric to John, the smith, fitz Philip : 17 feet 

of land in S e M. par. next land of Warin Anketin reaching 
tn longum vie ulri fabri manent, and from the same way 
to land of Ric. de Ingham: rent 5 s , and 10 8 gersuma. 
Witn. Gilbert, the goldsmith. 

2l7a Cristina, relict of Warin fitz Anketil, leases to John, the 
smith, fitz Philip a shop in the market betw. land of 
Maurice Ruffus and land of Gilbert Blancgernun for 20 
years : rent 2'. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

b Godfrey fitz Warin fitz Anketil to John, the smith, fitz 
John, the smith: the above shop: rent 5", and 10 s gersuma. 
Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

218 Gilbert fitz Arnulf, le Plumer, to John fitz John, the smith : 
shop in the market betw. land of Thos. le Ferriman and 
land of Ric. le Feleperer: rent 12 d and a pair of gloves 
worth J d , and a mark gersuma. Witn. Maurice Ruffus. 

21 9 a Leonius fitz Adam to Bartholomew le Noble : a shop in 

the market at the corner of Potteres rowe, betw. land of 

same Barth., W., and land of William, the miller, S. : 

rent 6 d , and one mark gersuma. Witn. Thos. Tuyllet. 

b Bartholomew le Noble to his son Hugh : the above shop 

(next his own land and that of the Hospital of S. John) 

and another next a ten* of Henry Nadun : rent J d , and 

6 d to Leonius Dunning. Witn. John Alvenechild. 

c The same Hugh to his uncle Thos. Potekin : the same two 

shops, the first described as betw. land of the Hospital 

of S. John and land of Thos. le Cu tiler, the second as 

betw. land of Thos. le Cutiler and Will, le Lorimer: rent 

to Leonius Dunning 6 d , and gersuma 6 marks. Witn. Ric. 

fitz Laurence. 

d Thos. Potekin to John fitz Serlo de Upwenden : a rent of 

5' out of the same shops. Witn. Henry Nadon. 
e Indenture witnessing that the above grant is to continue 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 117 

for 4 years, and that the said John has paid to the said 
Thos. 16 s ad urgens negotium suum: if the said Thos. die 
within the term of 4 years the rent to remain to John 
for ever. Witn. Will. Elioth. Edw. I. 3. 

f The same John grants to the Nuns (Pr. Agnes Burgeylun) 
the above mentioned rent of 5 s for 4 years, the Nuns 
for a like term paying to him a rent of 4 s 8 d out of a shop 
late held of him by Godfrey le Heymongere and 16 s 6 d 
gersuma. Will. Elihot, mayor. 

220ft Gilbert de Childerle to Will. Sweteghe : land in the 
market betw. land of Symon de S. Botulph and land of 
Rob. Sharp: rent to Marg fc , widow of Reginald de Abintun 
35 d and a mallard : 4 marks pre manibus. Witn. Hervey 
fitz Eustace. 

b Agnes, widow of Will, de Colebrig, quitclaims the same to 
Will. Sweteye. Witn. Hervey Parlebeu. 

c Will. Sueteye to the Nuns : an annual rent of 8 8 out of the 
above mentioned land for the maintenance of a lamp in the 
Nuns' choir, ubicunque chorus earundem fuerit. Witn. 
John Ruffus. 

221 Acquittance of the Nuns (Pr. Agnes) to Ric. Spycer for rent 

of a ten 1 with two solars in S fc M. par. betw. a ten fc of 
Corpus Chr. College W. and a ten fc of Ric. Busshee, E., 
ab. on a ten fc of Corpus Chr. College and on the Chese- 
market, the rent of which, 8 8 , was given to the Nuns 
before the Statute (i.e. of Mortmain), the Nuns accepting 
8" in full discharge of all arrears. Nov. 12, Hen. VI. 11. 

222 Walter Crocheman to Alex. Pecche, rector of Brandestone : 

a mess, in S l M. par. betw. land of Marg fc Pernes and land 
of Hugh But and ab. on the highway, together with a 
small plot adjoining: rent to Nuns 8 8 , and 13 marks 
gersuma. John le Rus, mayor. 

223 Ric. ad Portam to Nuns : a shop in the market betw. a shop 

of John fitz Selid and a shop of Aca fitz Coleman : Nuns 
to pay King's service 8 d . Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

224 Nuns (Pr. Agnes Burgtilun) to Reginald de Combirton : 

land in S fc M. par. given them by Thos. Potekin, clerk, 



118 CHARTERS OP THE PllluRY. 

betw. land of same Reginald and land of Henry le Parche- 
miner: rent to Marg', dau. of Thos. Wolword, 4' 8 d , and 
2* gersuma to Nuns. Barth. Goggyng, mayor. 

225 William, Prior, and the convent of S. Giles, Barnwell, to 

Hugh, selinarius: a mess, in the street betw. 8. Mary's 
ch. and S. Michael's ch., betw. land of the Ely monks and 
land of Barnwell Priory : rent 12*. Witn. Mr Elyas. 

Seal of Barnwell Priory : obverse, figure of S. Giles, legend 
nearly defaced : reverse, figure of an ecclesiastic with legend 
SECRETVM WILL PRIORIS DE - BERWELL. This prior 
waa either William of Devon (12081213) or William of Bedford 
(in 1213). 

226 Ric. Martyn, 1> Will., vicar of All Saints' in Jewry, Simon 

de Sleford and D' Ric. Milde, chaplain, to Thos. Caldecote, 
butcher, and wife Agnes : lease for their lives of a ten 1 in 
S ( M. par., in which they were enfeoffed by Will, de 
Horewode, betw. a ten 1 of John Gybon, senior, and a shop 
of Hugh Stall.- on one side, and the lane leading from 
the highway to the Milk-market on the other: rent 40'. 
John London, mayor. Edw. HI. 38. 

227 Will. Rolf, vicar of All Saints', to John Bechampwell and 

wife Marg*: lease for their lives of a ten 1 containing 
two shops and a solar in S 1 M. par. .betw. the churchyard 
and the lane, and reaching from the church steps to a 
ten 1 belonging to a chantry of the ch. : rent 6*. Ric. 
Maisterman, mayor. Ric. II. 7. 

228 The Nuns (Pr. Isabella) to Rob. Coker and his wife Marg 1 : 

lease for 99 years of a ten 1 in S 1 M. par., betw. a ten* of 
the lessees, S., and the highway called Cutler rowe, N., 
ab. E. on a ten 1 belonging to a chantry of S 1 M. ch. and 
W. on a ten 1 of Corpus Chr. Coll. : rent to the Nuns a 
red rose, if demanded, the Nuns guaranteeing a quit-rent 
to Corpus Chr. Coll. of 16 d . Rob. Coope, mayor. Dec. 
10, 1468. 

229 The Nuns (Pr. Joan Fulburn) to John Greene, peyntour, 

and wife Cristiana: lease for 21 years of a ten 1 in S fc M. 
par. betw. the common entry leading to the churchyard, 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 119 

E., and the alinshouse late of Tho. Jakenet, W., and ab. 
on the street, S., and on the churchyard, N. : rent 10 s . 
June 17, Henry VII. 5. 

Endorsed ' 1666. This is lease of the house that Mr Broughtou 
now has, being situate betwixt the Alinshouse and the back gate of 
S. Mary's churchyard.' 



SAINT MICHAEL'S PARISH. 

230 a John fitz Geoff. Godard with assent of wife Eva to Nuns : 

rent of 2* out of land betw. land of Andr. de Middleton 

and the river (ripa) and betw. land of Algar de Well and 

land of John le [ ], and if be die childless the land 

itself to Nuns. Witn. Thos. Tuilet. 
b John fitz Will, de Trumpituue after suing the Nuus (Pr. 

Milisentia) at London for the above mentioned land 

confirms it to them for a sura of 20* reserving to himself 

a rent of 4*. (The land is said to be at Keverelleshythe 

in S 1 M. par.) Witn. John le Rus. 
c Sayer de Trumpeton to his son Peter : the above rent of 

4*. (The land is said to be in Uenneye.) Rob. Tuylet, 

mayor &c. Edw. I. 22. 
d Peter fitz Serle de Trumpytone releases to Pr. Christiana 

de Braybrok and Nuns all arrears of above rent, retaining 

however the rent itself. Edw. II. 5. 
e Peter fitz Sayer de Trumpitone quitclaims to Nuns (Pr. 

Cecilia) above rent of 4*. Witn. Simon de Brunne. 

Edw. II. 10. 
/Nuns (Pr. Elena) to Will, de Lincoln: the above land 

(described as in Henneye) : rent 4 s . Witn. John But. 

Edw. I. 21. 
g Nuns (Pr. Dera) to Pet. de Middelton : the above land : 

rent 10*, and gersuma 10" 8 d : not to alienate to Jews. 

Witn. Thorn. Tuyllet. 

231 a Nuns (Pr. Dera) to Tho. de Depham, clerk : mess, in S 1 M. 

par. lately held of them by Will. Pergamentarius, opp. a 



120 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

mess, of Walter Crocheraan, ab. E. on highway leading 
from S. John's Hospital to Trumpitun gate: rent 3'. 
Rob. de S. Edmund's, motor ballwus. 

b Nuns (Pr. Milesenta) to Pet de Middelton : the same land 
(described as at Flexhethe in S 1 M. par.) : rent 6". Witn. 
Thorn. Tuyllet 

c Mabilia, dau. of Sara, lotrix, wife of Ed in. de Ringestede, 
having claimed extra iudicium the above mess, granted 
by the Nuns to Thos. de Dephani, clerk, the latter 
willing to indemnify the Nuns releases them from the 
warranty given in their charter but only so far as relates 
to the claim mentioned. Witn. as in the last. 
282 John de Crocstuu to Nuns: land in S 1 M. par. extending 
from the great street to the river (filum ague), being the 
third part of the land betw. the lane and land of Walter 
fitz Scolicia. Witn. John Frost, capellanus. 

233 Peter Macstan to Will, fitz Will, de Trumpiton : land in 

S 1 M. par. betw. land of John de Welle, land of Rob. 
Seman and the way to the common (commune), reaching 
from the High Street to the river (aqua): rent 12 d . 
Witn. Ric. de Bernewell. 

234 Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Ralf fitz Henry : land in S* M. par., 

being two thirds of the land betw. the lane and land 
of Walt, fitz Scolicia: rent 4', and 3 marks gersuma. 
Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

235 Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Ric. Shipwritte : land in S 1 M. par. 

extending from the lane to land of Will, fitz Richard: 
rent 2', and 4* gersuma. Witn. Thos. Tuilet. 

236 The Master and Scholars of S 1 Michael's House covenant 

to pay 1 s per ann. to Nuns out of some tenements, late 
of John Ovinng, in S 1 M. par., ab. on the river, the Nuns 
releasing to them the tenements themselves. Witn. 
Simon de Refham. Edw. III. 5. 

237 Will de Nunancurt to John Crocheman : land in S 1 M. 

par. held of Ely monastery, betw. land of S. Michael and 
land of Maurice fitz Albric: rent 26 d , and 10 8 gersuma. 
Witn. Fulk Crocheman. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 121 

238 Nuns (Pr. Cecilia) to Job. de Ovynng, clerk : void place in 
Henneye in S* M. par. at Fflaxhythe : for term of 20 
years, rent 2 s . Edw. II. 10. 



S. CLEMENT'S PARISH. 

239 a Hugh fitz Absalon of Camb. by advice of Eustace, late 
Bp of Ely, gives to the Almoner of S. Radegund of Camb. 
the advowson of the church of S 1 C. Witn. Bartholomew, 
official of the Archdeacon of Ely, Fabianus, capellanus, 
Robert, capellanus of S' C. &c. 

6 Walter fitz Will, de S. Edmundo releases to the Nuns his 
rights to the advowson, confirming the grants thereof 
made by his ancestor Hugh fitz Absalon and his uncle 
Walter. Witn. Philip de Stantune, Everarde de Trum- 
pitune, &c. 

c John, Bp of Ely, grants to the Nuns of S 1 Rad. de Grene- 
croft the church of S 1 C., saving a competent payment 
for some priest to have the cure of souls. Witn. 
Laurence, Prior of Barnwell, Bartholomew, official, &c. 

John de Fontibus, Bp of Ely, 12201225. Laurence de Stanes- 
feld, Prior of Barnwell, 12131251. 

d Geoffrey, Bp of Ely, confirms the above charter. Witn. 
M r Will, de Bancis &c. 

Geofirey de Burgh, Bp. of Ely, 12251229. 

e The Prior (Roger) and convent of Ely confirm the grant of 
Bp John (de Fontibus). Witn. Laurence, Prior of Barn- 
well, Bartholomew, decanus, &c. 

Roger de Brigham, Prior of Ely about 12151229. 

240 a Decree of Hugh de Stamford, Commissary General of the 
Official of Ely, in a dispute betw. the Nuns and Sir 
Geoffrey, vicar of S 1 C., in the matter of a pension of five 
marks due to them 'de bonis altaragii ecclesie predicte 



122 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

secundutn formam ordinacionis per felicis recordacionis 
Hugonem quondam Episcopum Elyensein.' 
For this matter, see p. 27. 

6 A fragmentary charter, seemingly a confirmation to the 
Nuns by John (Fordham), Bp of Ely, of the above 
mentioned pension of 5 marks. 

241 Eustace Oldcora confirms to the Nuns (Pr. Custance) a 

grant of Holdeburg, viz. an annual rent of 6 d out of 
a tenement in S l C. par., next land of Ric. Bulling. 
Witn. Rob. fitz Anger le Rus. 

242 The Nuns (Pr. Isabella de Sudbury), in consequence of the 

representation of Adam de Walsoken, vicar of S 1 C., to 
the Archbishop of Canterbury in his metropolitical 
visitation, assign to the vicars of S l C. as a mansum a 
house on the E. side of the church, next the churchyard. 
July 11,1402. 

For this matter, see p. 28. 

243 The Nuns (Pr. Elizabeth) present to the Bishop of Ely 

M r Joh. Barfot, nominated by them to the vicarage of 
S' C., vacant by the death of Joh. Damlett, late vicar, 
reserving to themselves an annual pension of 5 marks. 
1473. 

244a Walter, the cook, for the health of the souls of himself and 
his wife Agnes confirms in alms to the Nuns a grant 
of 2* made to them by Adam Wyriel out of land in 
Bridge St., or in default thereof a similar rent from some 
place in Camb. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 
6 Joh. fitz Bartholomew also confirms Adam Wyriel's grant. 
Same witnesses. 

245 a Tho. Tuylet, clerk, to his pueri, Will, and Ele, and longest 
liver of them : two iness. in Bridge St. in S l C. par. betw. 
a mess, of his father Will., S., and a mess, late of Koc, the 
Jew, N., ab. on the street and on the lane towards 
S. John's Hospital: rent l d to said Tho., to Barth. 
Goggyng 2 s , to the Nuns 4 8 , to Joh. Anured 4 8 , to 
S.John's Hosp., 4'. Witn. Joh. But. Ed. I. 14. 1286. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 123 

6 Bartholomew fitz John quitclaims to the Nuns the above 
rent of 4 8 out of a mess, lately held by Will. Prest of 
Adam Weriel and next a mess, of Will. Toilet, the Nuns 
paying to him a sum of 24 8 . Witn. Joh. de Ry. 
24G Johanna, dau. of Rob. de Schelford, widow, to Rob. le 
Baker and his wife Johanna : a mess, in S* C. par., betw. 
a mess, late of Walter de Horsethe and a mess, of Pet. le 
Baker, reaching from Anngerys lane to land of Joh. de le 
Seghalle: rent 10 s . Symon de Refham, mayor. Edw. 
II. 4. 

247 Alice, wid. of Alan Seghyn of Fen Ditton, quitclaims to D 8 

Walter Poswyk, vicar of S* C., and D 8 Henry Moryce, 
chaplain of the same, her right of dowry in a mess, with 
meadow adjoining it in S l C. par., late of M r Rob. 
Aunger, betw. a tenement of Ric. Laurence and a tene- 
ment of Cecilia de Berton, ab. on Aungerys lane and 
a tenement of Reg. Bercar: the meadow betw. a meadow 
of the Nuns and the curia of Ric. Laurence and ab. 
on Grenecroft. Guy le Spycer, mayor. Ed. II. 5. 

248 Alice le Rus and her children John, Margaret and Isabella, 

lease for 10 years to Nich. le Redere and his wife 
Katherine a dovehouse and curtilage with free access to 
fetch water in the Nuns' lane, betw. a curtilage of the 
Friars Minor and one of said Alice: rent 2 8 . Edm. 
Lytestere, mayor. Ed III. 38. 

Endorsed ' paroch. S u dementis.' 

249 a Rob. Peytevin, clerk, to Joh. Albon, clerk, a dovehouse 
and void place in S l C. par. wh. he holds along with said 
John and others by feoff men t of Nich. Hethe. Hen. IV. 13. 

6 Joh. Albon, clerk, to Rob. Leeke and D 8 Ric. Browne, 
vicar of All Saints; the same dovehouse &c. Joh. 
Gaynesford, mayor. Hen. V. 8. 

c Ric. Browne, rector of Down ham, to Ric. Cawdrey and 
others: the above dovehouse &c. ab. on the river and 
betw. lands of the Town of Cambridge. Ric. Wright, 
mayor. Hen. VI. 24. 



124 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

250a The Nuns (Pr. Margaret Clanile) to D" Ric. Milde, capel- 
hinus, Job. de Kelesseye, cooper, and Avisia his wife: 
a tenement in S l C. par., betw. a tenement of Job. 
Dunton and one of S. Mary's chantry in S l C. church and 
ab. on the churchyard: lease for their lives: rent 7 8 
during Milde's life, afterwards 10*. Will. Horwod, mayor. 
Edw. in. 47. 

6 The Nuns (Pr. Margaret Clanile) lease the same premises to 
Kelesseye and his wife for their lives and five years 
afterwards: rent 10*. The lessees to maintain and 
repair the existing buildings, viz. a good hall on the N. 
side with a solar above it extending the whole length of 
the tenement to the churchyard, and under the solar 
three cellars, also a kitchen above the solar on the S. side 
of the tenement &c. Lessees also to build a new bouse 
of oak on the N.W. side of the tenement. Job. Cotton, 
mayor. Edw. III. 51. 



PARISH OF S. PETER JUXTA CASTRUM. 

251 Roger fitz Ric. le Potter to Juliana, dau. of Walter Corde : 

a mess, formerly of his father, Ric., betw. land of Rob. 
Custance and land of Roger Russel in the par. of S 1 P. 
ultra pontem : hagable l d , rent to Walter Corde, 2', and 
5 silver marks gersuina. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

252 The Nuns(Pr. Constance) to Rob. fitz Walter Wymund and 

his wife Marg. : land in S 1 P. par. ultra pontem, betw. 
a mess, of Jordan le Hatteie and one of Roger Slipper, 
reaching from highway to land of Rob. de 8. Edmundo : 
rent 12* 1 . Roger de Wykes, mayor. 

253 Job. de Benyngton to Rob. le Long : void ground in S 1 P. 

par. juxta castrum, next Merton Hall lane, ab. on a 
tenement of Joan le Ploghwrygt and one of said Rob. 
Roger de Harleston, mayor. Ed. III. 31. 

254a Maud Picot, wid. of Walter Bortone, to Will. Scherwynt 
and his wife Joan: four cottages in S 1 P. par. ultra 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 125 

pontem which she holds by feoffment of Ric. Yon, two of 
the cottages being betw. a tenement formerly of Rob. 
Seman and the lane leading to the King's ditch, the 
other two betw. a tenement of Tho. Wellis and the 
King's ditch. Joh. London, mayor. Ed. III. 38. 
b The same to the same : reversion of the same four cottages, 
held by Symon de Kymbalton and his wife Ada for their 
lives : the two latter cottages described as ab. on the lane 
leading to the King's ditch and the Ree. Witn. and 
date as in the last. 

The lane mentioned, known in the 15th cent, as Kymbal ton's 
lane, ran between and parallel with the river and the S. wall of 
Magdalene College. 

255 The Nuns lease to Ric. Stombill for 60 years a void place 

beyond the great bridge in S l P. par. in a street called 
Fisher lane, betw. a tenement of Agnes Upwer and one 
of Joh. Wattys, ab. on the King's water and a tenement 
of Thos. Morys: rent 12* 1 . The tenants to erect thereon 
a new house. Joh. Gaynesford, mayor. Hen. IV. 10. 

256 The Nuns lease to Marg., wife of Joh. Rankyn, for 40 years 

a tenement and stathe in Fyssheris lane in S* P. par., 
betw. a tenement of Margerie Toogood and one of Simon 
Myer, late Nich. Preest: rent 4". The tenant to repair 
with reed the tenement and to make the stathe sufficiently 
according to other stathes adjoining. 1473. Ed. IV. 13. 

257 The Nuns (Pr. Eliz. Walton) lease to Joh. Belton for 44 

years two cottages in S* P. par. ultra magnum pontem 
betw. a tenement of Joh. Morys, S., and one of Joh. 
Neell, N, ab. E. on the street and W. on a ditch of Corp. 
Chr. Coll. ; rent 4'. Joh. Wyghton, mayor. Ed. IV. 19. 

258 The Nuns lease for 20 years to Will. Baker a garden in 

S* P. par., betw. a tenement of Joh. Morys and one of 
Stephen Neell, ab. on the street and on the dyke 
reaching from the common bank (ripa) : rent 3 8 . Thos. 
Jacob, mayor. Hen. VI. 9. 

259 Will. Salle of Fulburn quitclaims to Simon Rankyn a 

garden in S 1 P. par. betw. a tenement of same Simon 



126 CHARTERS OF TH1 I'KIOKY. 

and the common lane, ab. on Milne lane and on the river 
(rtrera). Rob. Brigham, mayor. Hen. VI. 13. 



PARISH OF S. GILES. 

260 The Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Will. Arnold and Will. Lomb: 

a mess, ad castellum betw. land of Joh. Aldred and land 
of Walter Papilun, ab. on the street opp. a mess, of Joh. 
Frost and on land of Henry fitz Norman : rent 2*, and 
2* gersuma. Witn. John Frost &c. 

In Hund. Rolls ii., p. 362 this messuage is said to be in S. 
Giles' parish. 

261 Thos. fitz Joh. de Cambridge, knight, grants to the Nuns 

and to his sister Eliz., for her use for the term of her life 
a rent of 13* 4 d out of a tenement in S 1 Q. par., called 
Dunnyngistede. Philip Cayly, mayor. Ed. III. 15. 

262 The Nuns lease to Tho. le Wryghte, his wife and dau., for 

their lives, a void place in S 1 Q. par., betw. a tenement of 
Gooff. Seman and one of Tho. Wolle, ab. on the street and 
on a tenement of Tho. de Cambridge : rent 2*. Stephen 
Morice, mayor. Ed. III. 28. 

263 The Nuns (Pr. Alice Pilet) lease the same premises for 30 

years to Will. Salle of Cambridge : rent 2*. Rich. II. 20. 

264 Rob. Wodelarke, clerk, to John Aspelon and others: a 

tenement in S* G. par. extending from Cambrigge Brigge 
to land of Hugh Brook, citizen and clothier (pannarius) 
of London, towards E., ab. on Brigge street, W., on the 
Hostel called Monkis place, N., and on the river (rivolus) 
.called the Ee, S., wh. tenement he held by feoffment 
of Tho. Dekyn, deceased. Oct 16. Ed. IV. 12. 

Seal of Rob. Wodelarke. 




UNIX 

CHARTERS OF THE PRICfeY. 



PARISH OF ALL SAINTS JUXTA CASTELLUM. 

(The parish of All Saints next the Castle was united to 
that of S. Giles by Simon Langham, Bishop of Ely, 
in 1365.) 

26 5 a Baldwin fitz Baldwin Blancgernun to Walter Corde: a 
rent of 2 8 out of land held of him by the heirs of Will. 
Blancgernun in A. S. par. versus castellum, next land of 
Ketel, merchant : rent a pair of white gloves, value a half- 
penny. Witn. D 8 Maurice Ruffus. 

6 Walter Corde to the Nuns : the aforesaid rent of 2 8 (the 
premises being described as betw. land of Will. Braci and 
land of Rob. Colt, ab. on the street and land of Anger 
Ruffus) : also a rent of 5' out of land held by Hamo de 
Colecestre, betw. land of Reg. Quantquilia and land of 
Ric. Hopetune, reaching from the street to the river: 
also a rent of 3* out of land held by Will, de Furcis in S. 
Clement's par., betw. land of Geoff. Gybon and land of 
Hareflet, reaching from the street to the King's Ditch. 
Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

266a Geoff, fitz Baldewin Blancgernun to Alex, fitz Hamo fitz 
Theobald de Yselham : a mess, in A. S. par. juxta 
castellum, ab. on the street between the Castle ditch and 
land of Hervey fitz Eustace, on land of the same Hervey, 
called Sale, on the Castle ditch and land of Thos. Lungis: 
rent a pair of gloves, value a half- penny, and 18 s gersuma. 
Witn. Ketel, merchant. 
b Same Geoffrey to the Nuns : the above rent of a half-penny. 

267 Alex, fitz Hamo de Yselham to Adam de Litlingetune, 

clerk : land in A. S. par. juxta castellum, betw. land of 
Godard Finch and land of Hen. Shepherd : rent 6 d . Witn. 
Rob. Saman. 

268 Baldwin Blancgernun to the same Adam : a rent of 12 d out 

of land occupied by Will. Arnold : gersuma 7 8 6 d . Witn. 
Rob. Saman. 



128 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

269 Adam de Litlingtun, capeUamts, to the Nuns : all his lands 

and rents in Cambridge. Witn. Richard, decanus of 
Cambridge. 

270 The Nuns (Pr. Custancia) to Elyas Hoppecrane: land 

formerly held of them by Reginald Harecok at a rental 
of 2* 6 d , in par. of A. S. ad castellum, between the street 
and land of Eustace fitz Hervey, called Sale, the Castle 
ditch, land of Ph. Baret and land of Thos. Long : rent 6 d . 
Witn. Walter Blancgernun. 

271 Hugh le Tynour, fisherman, and wife Sarra to William, 

merchant, and his wife Alice Blancgernun : land in par. 

of A. S. ad castellum, betw. land of said Hugh and Sarra, 

and land of said William, ab. on land of said Hugh 

and on the street: rent J d . Guy le Spenser, mayor. 

Edw. I. 6. 
272a Margery, wid. of Rob. Tuylet, to Ralf de Wendeye, vicar 

of S. Clement's : land in A. S. par. iuxta castrum, betw. 

a ten 1 of David le Webster and a ten 1 . of Walter de 

Horsethe, ab. on the high street and the King's ditch. 

Joh. Moryce, mayor. Edw. II. 8. 
6 The above Ralf grants to the Nuns (Pr. Cecilia de Cressing- 

ham) the above-mentioned land for 60 years. Joh. Moryce, 

mayor. 1315, Edw. II. 9. 
273 Joh. de Toft to Joh. de Briceste, webster, and his wife 

Alice, dau. of Job. de Wachesham : a ten e in A. S. par. 

betw. a ten 1 of Thos. de Cambridge and a ten' formerly 

of Ric. de Modebrok, ab. on the highway and the Hospice 

of the Gild of the Blessed Virgin : rent 3'. Ric. Tullyet, 

mayor. Edw. III. 14. 



BARNWELL PARISH. 

274 The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Walter Cementarius fitz Henry 
[ ] de Mordin : land in B. betw. land of Andrew 

Molle and land of R [ ]: rent 6 d . Witn. Mag r 

Martin de S. Radegund. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 129 

275 The Nuns (Pr. Leticia) to Robert fitz Will, de Nonacurt : 

a croft formerly of Rich. Buche, betw. the lane and land 
of Joh. de Sauxington: rent 2() d . Witn. Hervey fitz 
Eustace. 

276 Walter Sementarius fitz Hen. de Morden quitclaims to 

the Nuns (Pr. Milesentia) a ten fc given by him to Roger 
Carettarius in marriage with his sister Felicia of which 
the fee belongs to the Nuns : also a rent of 6 d paid out 
of the said ten fc by the said Roger. The said Nuns pay 
4 8 gersuma. Witn. Thos. Toilet. 

277 John, the miller, and his wife Alice to Hugh Mayner: a 

mess, at B. town-end next lands of S. Radegund and of 
Rob. le Reder and next a mess, of the said Hugh : 
gersuma 20*. Witn. Hugh le Noreys. 

278 Alice, dau. of Ric. ad caput ville de Bernewelle quitclaims 

to Hugh Mayner a rent of l^ d out of land at B. town- 
end, betw. land of Isabel Page and the highway. Joh. 
Martyn, mayor. Edw. I. 10. 1281. 

279a Will, fitz Hugh le Noreys of Bernewelle to Adam de 
Multun and wife Maud : a mess., &c. in B. betw. land of 
Walter Cissor and land of Roger de Huntingfeld, reach- 
ing from the road to Grenecroft : rent 5 d and 5 marks 
gersuma. Witn. Gilbert Bernard. 

b Adam de Multun to Hugh Mayner and wife Claricia : the 
above land: rent 5 d and 5J marks gersuma. Witn. 
Gilbert Bernard. 

c Hugh and Claricia Mayner to their son John : the same 
land : rent to his parents J d and to Will, le Norreys 5 d . 
Witn. Gilbert Bernard. 

d John fitz John Mayner to Ric. fitz Rob. Attebroo : the same 
land. Witn. Hugh, the smith. 

280 John fitz John Mayner, clerk, to the above Ric. : land with 

houses and grange thereon, betw. land of Ric. le Taylour 
and a ten 1 of said John, reaching from the highway to 
land of said John, held of him by said Ric. Witn. Hugh, 
the smith. Edw. II. 11. 

281 The same John to the same Ric. : a rent of 1 J d out of a 
C.A.S. Octavo Series. 9 



130 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

mess, at Barnwell town-end towards Camb., betw. a mess, 
of Rob. Person and lands of Master Hen. de Trippelawe 
and of Geoff. Page, ab. on the highway. Witn. Hugh, the 
smith. Edw. II. 13. 

282 a Walter Mayner, chaplain, to John fitz John Mayner, his 
nephew : a mess, in B. betw. a mess, of Ric. Attebroo and 
a mess, of Simon de Stokton, ab. on the highway : also 
half an acre in B. croft betw. land of Hugh, the smith, 
and land of Ric. Attebroo, reaching from the said mess. 
to Grenecroft Witn. Hugh, the smith. Edw. II. 14. 
b The same John to the same Ric. and to Agnes de Mordyng- 
ton : the same mess, and half acre. The same witnesses 
and date. 

283 Walter, son of Master Geoffrey, to Henry Milt: a mess. 

and croft in B. held of him by Rob., nephew of Wybert, 
betw. a mess, of said Henry and land of Barnwell Priory 
held by Rob. Gibet: rent 12 d , 2 capons, and 4 8 gersuma. 
Witn. Roger Parleben. 

284 Joh. de Fordham to Will. Paris and his wife Alice : a mess. 

&c. in B. betw. land formerly of Joh. Selyman and a 
mess, formerly of Joh. le Machon, ab. on highway and 
Grenecroft, being J an acre : rent a rose : to heirs of Rob. 
Cook a peppercorn : to heirs of Agnes le Hattere J d : to 
Leonius Dunning 5 d : to Will, le Nunnecurt 6 d : Paris 
and his wife further to give 3 marks after death of Joh. 
de Fordham for the welfare of his. soul, as he shall here- 
after-direct. Joh. But, mayor. 1278. 

285 a Margaret, wid. of Henry de Grantesete, quitclaims to 
Walter le Uscher a mess, in B. betw. land of Ric. Pede and 
land of Rob. Loverede, ab. on highway and a croft of said 
Rob. Witn. Simon de Stokton, mayor, Edw.. I. 29. 

b Walter .le Uscher to Nic. le Barbour: the same mess. 
Simon de Stokton, mayor. Edw. I. 35. 

c Nic. le Barbour to Adam de Clifford de fermeria de Berne- 
welle : the same mess. Simon de Refham, mayor. Edw. 
II. 4. 
286 Simon Edyth de Stokton and Beatrix de Haselyngfeld to 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 131 

Adam de la Fermerie de Bernewelle : a mess, in B. betw. 
a mess, of the said Adam and land of Silvester Carter : 
for 10 years : rent 3 s to Barnwell Priory. Witn. Alan le 
Wayte. Edw. II. 9. 

287 Katherine, dau. of Simon de Stokton, to Adam de Clifford : 

a mess, in B. betw. a mess, of said Adam on either side, 
ab. on the highway and the Croft. Joh. Pylet, mayor. 
Ed. III. 3. 

288 Margaret, wid. of Silvester de Bernewelle, quitclaims to 

Adam de Infirmaria de Bernewelle her right of dower in 
a plot in B. sold to Adam by her husband. Witn. Hugh, 
the smith. Edw. II. 10. 

289 a Beatrix de Haselyngfeld to Joh. de Newton: a mess, in 
B. next the lane leading from the stone-cross to the river : 
also land in B. croft at the end of the same mess., betw. 
the same lane and land of Barnwell Priory, ab. on Grene- 
croft: for the life of said Beatrix : rent 12 8 . Witn. Adam 
de Clifford. Edw. II. 16. 

b John de Newton to Adam de Clifford : the above mess, 
granted him by Beatrix de Stokton. John Pilet, mayor. 
Edw. III. 4. 

290 Adam de Clifford to his son Richard : a messuage, described 

as le Sperveres, in B. betw. a mess, of said Adam and a 
mess, of Silvester de Foulmer, ab. on highway and a croft 
of said Adam. John Pyttok, mayor. Edw. III. 8. 

291 Thos de Elynhale, his wife Katherine and Beatrix de Hase- 

lyngfeld to Adam de Clifford: a mess, and croft in B., 
betw. Petes lane, land of Barnwell Priory and a ten 1 of 
said Adam, formerly of John and Simon de Stokton, ab. 
on street and on Grenecroft. Ric. Tuyllet, mayor. Edw. 
III. 10. 

292 Will, de Hynggeston and his wife Maud to Ric. Paule, 

pelliperius: two parts of a mess, in B. betw. a ten fc of 
Isabel .Page and a ten 1 of Joh. de Bokenham, which 
mess, was formerly held by Geoff. Page : also two por- 
tions of four acres, butted. [ ] Tuyllet, mayor. Edw. 
III. 20. 

92 



132 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

293 Stephen Moriz, Roger de Harleston, Ric. Marty n and Rob. 

de Chaston to Alan Redheved and his wife Marg 1 : a 
mess. &c. in B. between their own mess, and Silvestris 
place, now held by Agnes de Grantesdene, ab. on high- 
way : for term of two lives : rent 32 8 . Witn. John Tele. 
Edw. III. 33. 

294 The Nuns (Pr. Margaret Clanyle) to Ric. Maystreman and 

Sarra, his wife : a void place in B., betw. land of Barnwell 
Priory and land of Joh. Cotes, ab. on the highway : rent 
6*. Witn. Joh. London. Edw. III. 37. 

295 Agnes de Grantesdene to Will. Tele, chaplain, Alan Red- 

heved and Joh. Ryghisby : a void plot in B., betw. a ten 1 
of said Alan and land of the Nuns, ab. on the highway 
and Grenecroft: rent to chief lord 12 d . Witn. Joh. Cotes. 
Edw. III. 38. 

296 The Nuns (Pr. Margaret Clanyle) to Alan Redheved and his 

wife Margaret : a void plot in B., betw. a mess, of Will. 
Tele, chaplain, and a void plot of said Alan, ab. on high- 
way and the Nuns 1 croft : rent 6* 8 d . William Horwod, 
mayor. Edw. Ill 47. 

297 Joh. Payn quitclaims to Alan Redheved the plot granted 

to him by Agnes de Grantesdene. Edm. Lyster, mayor. 

Ric. IL 4. 
298o The Nuns (Pr. Alice) to Joh. Bruce, his wife Mariota and 

son John for their lives: a mess, and croft in B. betw. 

land of Joh. Blankpayn and a mess, of the Nuns, the 

croft ab. on the same mess, and Grenecroft: rent 30 s . 

Rob. Brighain, mayor. Ric. II. 22. 
b Joh. Blankpayn to Joh. Bruys : the plot above-mentioned 

held by Alan Redheved of the Nuns. Witn. Rob. Good- 

rych. Hen. IV. 3. 
299 a Thos. Hamond, senior, to Ralf Bateman and Will. Lang- 

forde, clerk : a ten 1 in B. acquired by his marriage with 

Rose, dau. of John Thriplowe. Witn. Will. Smyth, vicar 

ofHynton. Hen. IV. 5. 
b Thos. Hamond, junior, to Nich. Morys, Joh. Burgoyn, Ric, 

Browne and Rob. Browne, clerks : a ten 1 formerly of Joh. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 133 

Triplowe, betw. a ten* of Barn well Priory on either side 
and ab. on the highway. Hen. V. 4. 

300 Barnwell Priory (Pr. Will. Downe) acknowledges receipt 

from Nuns (Pr. Agnes Seyntlow) of 40 s in full dis- 
charge of arrears due for two tenements in B. leased 
by the Nuns to Alex. Westmorland and Joh. Bruce. 
Hen. V. 3. 

Seal ad causas of Barnwell Priory. 

301 The Nuns (Pr. Joan Chambryg) lease for 10 years to Joh. 

Sokelyng and his wife, Margaret, a ten 1 in B. in the par. 
of the H. T., opposite the cross, betw. Pytys lane, E., and 
a ten fc of the Nuns, W., ab. S. on the highway and on 
another ten fc of the Nuns: also an acre of land diversely 
situate in B. fields : rent 14". Ric. III. 1. 

' Clay angles or Croft land. The first furlong is called Cadwell 
or Caldwell, and beginneth by the Lane side that leadeth from 
the town to Midsummer Green, or Green Crofts and by some books 
call'd Path or Pittes lane.' Old Book of Barnwell Field in Jesus 
Coll. Treasury. 



CAMBRIDGE AND BARNWELL FIELDS. 

302 The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Baldwin Blangernun : 2 acres 

in Gretthawe : rent 8 d . 

303 Maud, dau. of Hen. Kyrman, to Simon fitz Henry : J rood 

in C. field. Witn. Adam fitz Eustace. 

304 John fitz Ric. Pete to Simon de Stocton : lands in town 

and fields of C. and B. ; also the reversion of lands held 
in dowry by his mother Isoda. Joh. Goldriug, mayor. 
Edw. I. 33. 

305 Barnwell Priory (Pr. Laurence) undertakes to pay to the 

Nuns a rent of 9 8 , as an amicable composition for tithes 
of a water mill, belonging in fee to Will, de Mortuomari 
and situated in Cambridge. Witn. M r Will, de Bancis, 
Antony, dean of Cambridge, &c. March 20, 1230. 



134 QUARTERS OF THE PRIOR Y. 

Laurence of Stanesfield, 9th Prior of Barnwell, 1 213 1251. The 
mill in question was that called Zouch's mill, which ceased to exist 
after 1353, when Newnham or Mortimer's mill was erected. 
Cooper, AnnaU I., p. 103. 

306 Peter fitz Ric, de Berton to his bro. Giles : an acre in C. 

fields ab. on Huntingdon way. Witn. Earth. Goggyng. 
Edw. I. 20. 

307 The same Peter to his sister Maud : 3 acres in C. fields, 

Witn. Joh. Bott, mayor. 

308 Maud, widow of Will. Thele to Gilbert fitz Mich. Bernard 

and his wife Margaret : J acre in C. fields, ab. on Hadestoc 
weye and Litlemor : rent l d . Witn. Joh. fitz Michael. 

309 Cassandra, dan. of Warin Atkin, to Mich. Bernard : 1 acre 

in C. field towards Trumpitone ford: rent lj d . Witn. 
Symon de Agam. 

310 Ric. fitz Bartholomew, cissor, to his uncle Thos. Potekin, 

clerk : 2 acres in C. fields next land of Thos. Dalles, 
of Prior of Barnwell, and Hinton wey. Witn. Will. Elyot. 
31 la Giles fitz Joh. de Berton to Walter de Posse wy, vicar of 
S. Clement's : 7 acres in C. crofts. Mich. Pylat, mayor. 
b Joh. Portehors grants the same 7 acres to the Nuns (Pr. 
Elena). Witn. Joh. But. 

312 Joan, dau. of Roger de Melreia, to her dau. Elice : homage 

of Thos. de Chesewic and acre in Holm, ab. towards the 
Bridge. Witn. Will, le Puer. 

313 Will. Martin, with consent of his son Robert, grants to his 

son Alan all his land in Holm, viz. 15 acres, and 11 acres 
in Holm which he holds of the Abbess of Chateriz : rent 
32*. Witn. Alan de Sepeia. 

314 Will fitz Hen. Rankelya to Simon Godelote: an acre in 

Binnebroc in C. fields. Witn. Rob. de S. Edmundo. 

315 Walter fitz Rob. Eadward to Joh. Goson and his wife 

Avice ; a rent of J d out of land behind Hadestok Way. 
Joh. Martin, mayor. 

316 Michael Parleben to Will. Sueteye and Hugh de Ragen- 

hille: an acre in C. fields: rent 2 d . Witn. Stacius fitz 
Hervey Dunning. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 135 

317 Robert, rector of All Saints' ch., to his bro. John : an acre 

in Middelfurlong towards Howes, and J acre in the same 
field next Wulwardesmere : rent l d to the vicar of All 
Saints' for the soul of said Robert's mother. Witn. 
Rob. Seman. 

318 Same John to the Nuns : same 1J acres : rent to celebrate 

the anniversary of his mother, Margaret, to vicar of A. S. 
as above. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

319 Maud, widow of Simon Bagge, to Nuns : an acre in C. fields 

next Trumpitun forde, which acre her bro. Robert gave to 
her at the church door on the day of her betrothal. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

320 Warin Grim to Nuns: 2 acres in C. fields. Witn. Rob. 

Seman. 

32 la Will, de Nonencurt confirms to the Nuns the bequest to 
them by Will. Sueteye of the half part of 32J acres in C. 
fields. Witn. Nich. Childman. 

6 The same Will, de Nonencurt confirms to the Nuns the 32 
acres above mentioned held of him by the same Will. 
Sueteye and Hugh de Ragenhyll and assigned by the 
former and the executors of the latter to the Nuns. Witn. 
Nich. Childman. 

322 Margaret, widow of Hen. Vivien, to the Nuns : 2 acres in 

C. fields: rent 3 d . Witn. Rob. Seman. 

323 Hen. fitz Goda of S. Radegund St and his bro. Hugh to 

Hugh and Will., brethren of S. Radegund ; one selion in 
C. field. Witn. Adam fitz Eustace. 

324 Will, fitz Hugh de Trompiton to the Nuns : two crofts at 

Howes. Witn. R., Prior of Bernewelle. 

325 Hervey fitz Eustace to the Nuns: an acre in C. fields. 

Witn. Rob. Seman. 

326tt Stephen fitz Alvene, with consent of his wife Maud, to the 
Nuns: 5 acres 3 roods in scattered pieces in C. fields. 
Witn. Hervey, alderman. 

6 Hugh fitz Stephen fitz Alvene confirms to the Nuns his 
father's grant of 5 acres 3 roods in C. fields. Witn. 
Hervey, alderman. 



136 CHARTERS OF THE PRIOR V. 

c The Nuns (L. Prioress) to Maud, wife of Stephen fitz Alvene 
and Hugh, her son : the 5 acres 3 roods given to them 
by said Stephen : rent 15 d . Witn. D 8 Hervey, alderman. 

d Said Hugh quitclaims the same land to the Nuns. Witn. 
as above. 

327 Margaret, widow of Ralf Person, grants to the Nuns, along 

with her dau. Sabina, 10 acres in C. fields. Witn. 
Hervey fitz Eustace. 

328 Philip de Hochton to the Nuns in pursuance of a bequest 

of his mother Albreda : an acre in C. fields, called Binne- 
broc. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

Localities mentioned : Fossa iudicii, Rodolvesacre, Barn well mill, 
Pishwell wey, Forde feld, Suinescroft. 

329 Will, de S. Edmund with assent of his wife Alice and son 

Roger : an acre in C. fields. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 

330 Hervey fitz Eustace to the Nuns : 10 acres in various parts 

of C. fields. Witn. Rob. Seman. 

Seal of Hervey fitz Eustace. Localities mentioned : cheminum 
versus Bertuu, pastura de Godgivcsdole, cheminum do Cotes, 
Branderusche, cheminum de S. Neoto, and, on the other side of the 
town, Hokerenewell, Middelfurlong, Littlemor. 

331 Nich. Sarant to Geoffrey fitz Ralf: 2 plots in C. fields: 

to be held 'ad sex vesturas plenas et integras inde 
percipiendas termino incipiente in festo Mychaelis proximo 
post primum passagium domini H., regis Anglie, filii J., 
regis, ciclo lune xv.' Witn. D" Will, capell. ecclie beate 
Marie. 

332 The same Nich. Sarant to Orgar fitz Roger : 2 acres at 

the Claipittes and 1J acres ab. on Grenecroft, ' ubi homo 
suspensus fuit': to be held 'de Pascha cuius anni ciclus 
est quinque primum post obitum Hugonis de Chartuse 
episcopi Lincoln, usque ad novem annos.' Witn. Bernard 
Grim, Henry Frost &c. 

S. Hugh, of Lincoln d. Nov. 16, 1200 : he took the vows of the 
Carthusian order in the monastery of the Grande Chartreuse. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 137 

333 The same Nich. Sarant to Ric. fitz Yvo : an acre in B. 
fields: to be held 'quousque dictus R perceperit inde 
quatuor vesturas termino incipiente in festo sci Michaelis 
ciclo lune xvij, anno regni dm H., regis, filii J., regis, xvj .' 
Witn. R. Saraan. 

334a Mich, le Rus fitz Job. Michel to Job. Bernard: 1 acre 

3 roods in B. fields. Rob. Tuyllet, mayor. 
b Job. Bernard to Laurence Dixi and his wife Maud : the last 
mentioned lands. John Buth, mayor. 

335 Mich, le Rus to Laurence Dixi and his wife Maud : a rood 

in B. fields. Job. Dunning, mayor. 

336 Laur. Dixi and his wife Maud to their son Richard and 

daughters Roysia and Maud : 10 selions in C. and B. 
fields. Witn. Will. Tele. Edw. I. 19. 

Localities : Middelfeld, Hynton wey, Hyntou bridge. 

337 a Hugh fitz Apsolon to his cousin Aldusa: 6 acres in C. and 

B. fields. Witn. Baldwin Blancgernun. 

Localities : Binnebroc, via de heistrate, Bradmerefeld, Petites- 
halvaker, Estenhale, Netherexaotes. 

b The same Hugh to the Nuns : the same 6 acres. Witn. D 8 
Barthol., official. 

338 Job. le Meleward and bis wife Alice to Hugh Mayner : half 

a croft, formerly of Ivetta, wife of Ric. ad caput ville. 
Witn. Geoff, de Burewelle. 

339 Geoff, le Fittere to Job. de Berton : 6 acres in C. fields : for 

12 silver marks 'ad adquietandum me de Judaismo et 
pro sustentacione mea tota vita mea.' Witn. Adam fitz 
Eustace. 

Locah'ties : land of S. Radegund called Bothulveshak, road to 
Qrenecroft. 

340 Isabel, dau. of Alan de Theversham, to Hugh Mayner and 

his wife Clarice : all her land in B. fields. Witn. Gilbert 
Bernard. 1277. 

34 1 a Gilbert Bernard to Hugh Mayner and his wife Clarice: 

land in Barnwell. Job. Martyn, mayor. Edw. I. 9. 



138 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

6 Clarice, widow of Hugh Mayner, quitclaims to her son John 
all lauds in wh. he was enfeoffed by said Hugh. Witn. 
Ric. Peed. 

342 Brother Olbertus, Prior of the Chapel of S. Edmund, 

Cambridge, of the order of Simplingham, and of the 
Convent there, to Job. Mayner: acre in Barn well. Joh. 
Goldring, mayor. Ed. I. 33. 

343 John fitz John Mayner to Ric. fitz Rob. Attebroo : 1 .\ acres 

in Barnwell, including the last mentioned. Eudo de 
Helpringham, mayor. Edw. II. 12. 

344 a Henry le Gray bound in 40* to Rob. le Longg to allow 
said Rob. quiet possession of J acre in C. fields towards 
AldermanhyL Witn. Will. Seeman. Edw. II. 9. 
6 The same Henry to the same Robert : acre in C. fields. 
Rob. Dunning, mayor. Edw. II. 10. 

345 Agreement between the Master and Brethren of 8. John's 

Hospital and the Prioress (Elena) and Nuns. The 
Hospital gives the Nuns 7 acres 1 rood lying in scattered 
portions in B. fields in exchange for the same amount of 
land in various parts of the Port Field. Joh. Dunnyug, 
mayor. 1299. Edw. I. 27. 

Places named : in Barnwell Fields the Windmill, Caldewelle 
next Grenecroft : in Port Field Grautesete weye, Bertoue weye, 
Dede dale, Eudeles weye, Miisecroft. 

346 Agreement between the Prior and Canons of S. Edmund's 

Chapel, Cambridge, and the Prioress (Mabilia) and Nuns. 
The Canons give the Nuns 4 acres, 3 roods, 16 perches 
lying in 3 portions in B. fields in exchange for 3 acres, 
2 roods, 13 perches in 4 portions in Swynecroft. Joh. 
Pylet, mayor. 1330. Edw. IH. 4. 

One plot in Swynecroft ab. on the curia of the Chapel of S. 
Edmund. 

347 WilL de Hynggeston to Ric. Paule, pelliparius : 4 selions 

in B. fields. Ric. Tuyllet, mayor. Edw. III. 20. 

348 WilL Lavenham to Ste. Moryce, Roger de Herlaston, Ric. 

M art vn and Rob. de Chesterton : lands in C. and B. fields, 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 139 

lately belonging to Job. Purr. Witn. Will. Horwode. 
Edw. III. 33. 

Job. Stevenys to Geoff. Castre : 2 acres in small portions in 
C. and B. fields. Witn. John Blancpayn. Edw. III. 43. 

Places named : Horspath, Grenedich, Blakacre, le Roser, Hynton 
weye. 

350 The same to the same: 1 acre similarly divided. Job. 

Moriz, mayor. Edw. III. 43. 

Places named : Milk furlong, Clayhangels, Hynton weye. 

351 Hugh le Smyth to Geoff. Castre : 2 acres in C. and B. fields, 

called Midelfield. Job. Gybon, mayor. Edw. III. 45. 

Places named : Pisshel weye, Cranedole. 

352 Job. Pilet to M r Thos. Wormenhale, Adam Wyggomer, 

clerks, Will. Rolf, vicar of All Saints', and Hen. Baryngton 
of Ely : all his lands in the fields of Cambridge, Newen- 
ham, Chastreton, Watirbeche and Wycham. Job. Gybon, 
mayor. Edw. III. 50. 

353 Job. Marchal, Will. Panfleon and Ralf de Watton to Job. 

Payn of Swaffham, Rob. Beylham and Job. Branforde : 
12 acres in B. fields in wh. the former have been enfeoffed 
by Alice, widow of Simon Sleforde. John Gybon, mayor. 
Edw. in. 50. 

354 Power of attorney from Adam Wyggemer, Will. Rolf, vicar 

of All Saints', and Hen. de Baryngton, chaplain, to Will. 
Andreu and others to deliver seisin to Job. Gounsy and 
others of lands &c. in Camb. in which they are enfeoffed 
by Job. Pilet. Ric. II. 6. 

355 Rob. Beilhain is bound in 10 to Rob. Brigham to give him 

peaceable possession of 4 roods in B. fields. Ric. II. 19. 

356 Job. Gounsy, in execution of the will of Job. Pylet, to 

Thos. de Sopesfeld, Job. Swynle, Job. Burgoyne and Thos. 
. Carapes: all the lands of the said J. P. in Cambridge, 
Chesterton and Newenham. Witn. Nich. Morys. Hen. 
IV. 8. 

357 a Hugh Plough wry ght and Thos. Colleman, in execution of 



140 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

the will of Job. Marchal, directing them to sell his lands 
in C. and B. fields and apply the proceeds to pious uses, 
convey to Nich. Morys, Joh. Burgoyn, Joh. Bilney and 
Simon Deye 14 acres in scattered portions. Job. Gaynes- 
ford, mayor. Hen. IV. 9. 

Seventeen portions, containing 20 selions, in Bradmere Field 
and Middle Field : a long list of field and road names. 

6 The above Nic. Morys &c. with license grant to the Nuns 
(Pr. Margery Uarlyng) the said lands. Witn. and date 
as in the last 

358 Joh. Wattys, Rob. Brigham and Isabel, widow of Rob. 

Brigham, sen r , in execution of the will of the said R. B., 
sen 1 ", to Joh. Sexteyn and Joh. Whaplode, butchers: 
13 acres variously situate in 0. and B. fields. Joh. 
Gaynessford, mayor. Hen. IV. 13. 

359 The Nuns (Pr. Agues Seutelow) exchange acre in B. 

fields for 20 years with Thos. Cotton. Joh. Bilney, 
mayor. Hen. V. 3. 

360 Will Essex, baker, executor of the will of Joh. Prentys, to 

Joh. Grenelane of Hadenham : acre in B. fields. Joh. 
Bilney, mayor. Hen. V. 3. 

361 The Nuns (Pr. Joan Cambryg) lease 2 selions for 20 years 

to Joh. Hutham, cardmaker. Hen. VII. 1. 

A small and poorly executed seal, described in the deed as the 
common seal of the Nunnery : 8. Radegund crowned, with both 
arms uplifted, standing between two palm branches. 



MISCELLANEOUS GRANTS IN CAMBRIDGE AND BARNWELL. 

362 Hervey fitz Eustace to the Nuns, with his sister Roda when 
she has taken the religious habit in their house : various 
small plots in C. and B. fields: 3 mess, in the par. of 
S. John, held by Apsolon, son of the priest, ab. on the way 
to the mill and the lane leading to S. John's church: a 
mess, in the par. of S. Mary, held by Rob. Carpenter, 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 141 

betw. Job. fitz Elyas and Job. fitz Selede: a mess, in the 
same par., held by Hosbert le Cambere, betw. Andr. de 
Winepol and Ernold, the plumber : a mess, outside Trum- 
pington gates, held by the wife of Selede Pinberd, next 
Rob. Nadun : a mess, in the par. of S. Benedict, held by 
Hen. Bekke, betw. Apsolon, son of a priest, and Walter, 
son of M r Geoffrey. Witn. Bartholomew, official of Ely. 

363 Will. Pilate to Reg. fitz Reg. de Fordham, in marriage with 

his dan. Margaret : a mess, in the par. of S. Edward, betw. 
Geoff. Man and Emilius Pageles : 5 roods in Trumpington 
meadow : and acre in C. fields. Witn. Ewerard de 
Trumpinton. 

364 Joh. fitz Rob. Hubert of Cambridge to his father and 

mother, Robert and Sabina: land granted by Geva Key 
in the par. of All Saints' at the Castle : a ten 1 granted to 
him by Reginald de Alderheye beyond the bridge, next 
land of Rob. Saman in the lane leading to the King's 
Ditch : a ten 1 granted him by Margatt fitz Gilbert in the 
par. of S. Clement ; a ten* in the same par. next land of 
Will, fitz Ivo: a rent of 6 d from a ten 1 of Barth. le 
Noble in the par. of S. Mary, &c. Witn. Joh. Porthors. 

365 Joh. Frost, capellanus, to Ric. fitz Laurence : a mess, in the 

par. of All Saints ad Castrum betw. land of Will. Kolvin, 
land late of Saman Holbing and land of Rob. Hubert: 
also 18 selions in C. fields: said Ric. to pay said John 10 d 
every Sunday so long as he shall live and 5 8 annually for 
una roba. Witu. Roger de Wykes. Hen. III. 47. 

Places named in the fields : Wulwardesraere, Grethowell croft, 
Clayfeld, S. Neot's way, Cotes, Weyrode selion. 

366 Final concord betw. Will, fitz Walter Sterne, plaintiff, and 

Rob. and Maud Sterne of Haselyngfeld, defendants : de- 
fendants to pay rent to plaintiff for 12 shops, 2 messuages, 
one solar and 23 acres, in all 6 1 8 2J d and eight capons. 
Edw. III., Angliae 25, Franciae 12. 

367 Walter fitz Thos. le Mercer to Will, de Kyrkeby and his 

wife Alice : all his rents and tenements in and without 
Cambridge. Witn. Roger de Wykes. 



142 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

368 Will. Blancgernun to Job. de Waverun : lands and rents 

producing two marks per annum in the town and fields of 
Cambridge. Witn. Baldwin Blancgernun. 

369 Barn well Priory (Prior, Robert) to Hen. Mele : a mansura 

in Cambridge, held of them by Rob. Futigar, and another 
in Barn well, held by Nicholas, with 3 acres adjoining the 
latter, which the Priory grants him in lieu of a mansura 
which said Hen. held of them in Pesecroft : rent for the 
whole 4* so long as he remains a parishioner of Barnwell, 
if he reside elsewhere the rent of the house in Barn well 
to l>e increased by 4 d . Witn. Rob. de Bernewelle. 

Robert, 5th Prior of Barnwell, 11751208. 

370 Warin Grim fitz Apsolon to the Nuns: all his rents in 

Cambridge, viz. 6" from Peter Maxton in stallis, 12" 4 d 
from laud opposite the last, lately of Stephen de Scale ri is, 
4' 6 d from Rob. de S. Edmund in Miln St., 7' from Thos. 
Wulward in the same street, 3 8 from Geoff., the glover, 
in the market place, 2' 6 d from Bernard, the shepherd, 
towards Grenecroft, 6' from the wife of Godfrey, the 
baker, 5' from William, the carter, next the last, and l d 
from Reginald Scherwynd next the churchyard of S. John. 
Witn. Rob. Seman. 

Endorsed 'de tenemento...in vice molendinorum, mine infra 
clausuui fratrum carmelit.' 

371 Philip fitz Adam de Cestertune, with consent of his mother 

Albrida, gives to the Nuns with his sister Margaret a 
mess, held by Andrew, the carter, in Cambridge with 
3 acres 1 rood in C. fields held by Teobald, bro. of Ascelin. 
Witn. Robert, Prior of Barnwell. 

372 Thos. Potekin to the Nuns : a mess, in the par. of S. Mary, 

betw. Reg. de Cumberton and Henry, percamentarius : 
a shop in the market at the corner of Potters' Row, 
betw. a shop of Thos., cutler, and one of the Hospital 
of S. John : another shop betw. Thos., cutler, and Will, le 
Lorimer: 2 acres in C. fields, &c. Witn. Will. Elihot, 
mayor. 



CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 143 

373 Will, le Gode to Stephen fitz Job. Morize, Roger de Her- 

laston, Ric. Mart} n and Rob. de Chesterton : a dovehouse 
&c., a grange on the river bank in Cambridge, and a 
mess, with 1 acre in Waterbeche. Stephen fitz Barthol. 
Morize, mayor. Edw. III. 33. 

374 Will. Paul to Nich. Gyloth of Fulborne : all his lands and 

tenements in the town and fields of Cambridge and 
Berne welle. Job. Gybonn, mayor. Edw. III. 44. 

375 Katerine, widow of Tho. Dengayne of Ely, to the Nuns (Pr. 

Margaret) and to Ric. Marty n of Cambridge : all her lands 
&c., lately of Simon Stokton, in Cambridge town and 
fields. Job. Gybon, mayor. Edw. III. 46. 

376 Nich. Ffraunceys of Fulburne to Job. Payn and others: 

2 mess, and 11 J acres in C. and B. fields. Job. Blancpayn, 
mayor. Edw. III. 49. 

377 Roger de Herlaston to D 8 Will. Potton, rector of Harleton, 

and others : all his lands &c. in Cambridge and Barnwell, 
formerly of Job. Purr. Ric. Maisterman, mayor. Ric. 
II. 6. 

378 Will. Bateman and others to the Nuns: 2 mess, in Barnwell, 

next Pyttes Lane, one mess, in S. Radegund's par. and 
3J acres near Grenecroft. Ric. Maisterman, mayor. Ric. 
II. 12. 

379 Will. Rolf, of Ixnyng, chaplain, with license, to the Nuns : 

2 mess, in Wales lane in H. T. parish : various tofts in 
Baruwell, in S. Botolph's par. and S. Radegund's par. : 

3 shops in S. Mary's parish, &c. Rob. Brygham, mayor. 
Ric. II. 12. 

380 Apsolon fitz Roger the presbyter, with consent of his wife 

Maud, to the Nuns : various rents, viz. 12 d from Simon 
Bagge out of an acre in C. fields, 5 8 out of a mess, in Miln 
St. held by Brithnod Tanur, 2 8 out of a mess, in the par. 
of S. Botulph held by Ric. Kibelot, 20 d out of land in 
Miln St. held by Martin Wolward, 2 8 out of land in the 
par. of S. Benedict held by Andrew de Burgo, 20 d from 
land in S. Sepulchre's churchyard held by John, the 
smith. Witn. Hervey fitz Eustace. 



144 CHARTERS OF THE PRIORY. 

381 Simon Godelote and his wife Alienor to the Nuns : a mess. 

in the par. of S. Andrew, betw. land of Chicksand convent 
and land of Tho. de Taxtede: a shop in the market, 
betw. Walter Corde and Hen. fitz Hugh: land in Miln St. 
extending from the highway to the river (filum ague), &c. 
Witn. Roger de Wykes. 

382 The Nuns (Pr. Dera) lease the above premises to Alienor, 

widow of Simon Godelote, for her life. Witn. Roger de 
Wykes. 

888 The Nuns (Pr. Letitia) to Hen. Devei : land given to them 
by Mabilla, sister of Jonathan, betw. land of [ ] 

Blaugernun and land of Athelard le Thanur: rent 20 d 
and a mark gersuma. Witn. Baldwin Blangernun, Sturmi, 
1 our brother ' &c. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNEEY. 
HENRY VI, 2829, i.e. 14491450. 

Compotus Domine Agnetis Banaster Thesaurisse ac Recep- 

toris Denariorum Prioratus Sancte Radegundis 

ibidem a vigilia Sancti Michaelis Archangeli Anno 

Regis Henrici Sexti xxvin usque ad vigiliam Sancti Michaelis 

Archangeli extunc proxime sequentem Anno dicti Regis xxix 

per unum annum integrum 

Eadem domina respondet dc liij" iij d ob. q. de arreragiis ultimi com- 
poti sui anni proxime precedents ut in pede ibidem de 
recordo apparet 

Summa liij s iij d ob. q. 

Et de xxxij 11 v x d perceptis de redditu divereorum tenencium in 

Cantebr., ut patet per Rentale hoc anno parcellatim super 

riorum P deconec- hunc compotum e.\;imiii;ituin et turn hie oneratum hoc anno, 

done reddituum QQ quo d diversa tenementa ab antique devastata et ruinosa 

in Cantebr. . . 

impresentibus reparata aunt et sic modo dimissa pro maiori- 
bus summis per recognicionem Domine Priorisse super hunc compotum. 

Et de iij iiij d perceptis de Magistro Willelmo Spaldyng pro una 
parcella prati iacente in croft vocato Nunnescroft sibi nuper dimissa per 
Magistrum et confratres domus Sancti Johannis Evangeliste, Cantebr., ad 
terminum annorum pro summa predicta per annum, que vero parcella 
prati iam appropriata est domui sive Prioratui Sancte Radegundis, 
Cantebr., per Dominum Regem Henricum VI tum pro imperpetuum, ut pro 
certo tenemento sub redditu xij* per annum prefate doraui Sancte Rade- 
gundis nuper pertinente et modo Collegio Domini Regis, Cantebr., appro- 
priate per composicionem Domine Priorisse et Magistri dicti Collegii 
Regalis pro redditu de xij 8 predictis necnon pro certa summa eidem domui 
Sancte Radegundis per prefatum Magistrum et socios Collegii Regis pre- 
dicti pre mauibus soluta, ut in compoto precedente plenius liquet. 

Summa xxxij 11 ix" ij d . 

C. A. S. Octavo Series. 10 



146 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 

Et de Ixvj* receptis de Rogero Hunte, firmario in West Wrottyng, sic 
Finn in Patrfe ^^ dimisso per indeiituram ad tenuiuum xx u annorum, hoc 
anno iiij to . 

Et de xl* perceptis de Simone Thurgore, firmario terre dominicalis in 
Abyngton, hoc anno. 

Et de xl* perceptis de Johnnne Barnes, firmario terre dominicalis in 
Shelford niagna, hoc anno, ultra vj capones. 

Et de xxij* xj d receptis de Johanne Pyte de Litlyngton et Roberto 
Hawken de eadem, firmariis certe terre dominicalis ibidem sibi dimisse 
per indenturam ad terminum xx u annonim, hoc anno iiij to . 

Et de [iiij* ij d ] de firma certe terre in Coton sic dimisse Ricardo Waren 
per indenturam. 

Et de iiij* receptis de Ricardo Hynton pro firma certe terrc dominicalis 
ibidem. 

Et de iij* viij d receptis de Alicia Hynton pro firma certe terre domini- 
calis ibidem per annum. 

Et de vij* receptis de Thoma [Cole pro firma] certe terre dominicalis 
ibidem per annum, ultra ij capones. 

Et de ij* receptis de Johanne Cole pro redditu assise ibidem, ultra ij 
capoueft, 

Et de v* receptis de Edmundo Chapman de Whaddon per annum. 

Et de xvj d receptis de Johanne Burgoyn de Caxton per annum. 

Et de xij d receptis de Johanne Pichard de Trumpyngton per annum. 

Et de vij* \*y d ob. receptis de Sampson Aunger de Whitwell per annum. 

Et de iij* ij d de oertis tenencibus dornine in Ely j>er annum, per 
manus Vicarii Omnium Sanctorum, Cantebr. 

Et de ij* receptis de Thoma Perkyn, collectore redditus in Berden in 
comitatu Essex, per annum. 

Et de iiij d receptis de redditu assise in Walden collecto per eundem 
Thomam per annum. 

Et de vij* receptis de Thoma Perkyn de Stevyngton pro firma certe 
terre ibidem per annum sibi dimisse per indenturam. 

Et de xiij* receptis de redditu assise Johannis Taylboys, domini de 
Crawden, per annum. 

Et de iij d receptis de Roberto Skylman de Haselyngfeld per annum. 

Et de ij* iiij d receptis de Priore de Bernwell pro certa terra in 
Maddyngley vocata Maundysilver per annum. 

Et de ij d receptis de Johanne Clerk pro redditu assise in Walden per 
annum. 

Et de xx d perceptis de Johanne Philipott de Trumpyngton pro firma 
terre, hoc anno. 

Et de xij d receptis de Rectore de Fulbone pro certa terra ibidem per 

Summa xij u xiiij* vij d ob. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 147 

Et de v* ij d perceptis de profucuis nundinal-urn die Assumpcionis 



Rece ta forin ^eate ^ ar ie infra tempus compoti hoc anno. 
seca cum profu- Et de viij u xiiij 8 iiij d perceptis de mensa sive repasto 

cuia nundinarum j . 

et repasti per- diversarum personarum generosarum, quarum nomina par- 



ticulariter patent in libro computantis super hunc compotum 
ostenso et exaniinato. 

Et de iij 8 iiij d perceptis de Magistro Willelmo Pyke de Aula Regia, 
Cantebr., ut de elemosina per ipsum huic domui data. 

Summa ix 11 ij 8 x d . 
Et de xxiij 8 vij d perceptis de precio v quart, ij bus. frumenti venditi, 

ut extra, 
et rtSS d bl>dl Et de U * vii J d de Praio xvii J q 11 *"*- ordei venditi, ut 

extra. 

Et de viij u ij 8 ix d de precio xlviij quart, v bus. brasii venditi, ut extra. 
Et de xxj d receptis de precio v porcellorum venditorum in foro hoc 
anno. 

Et de xiiij d de precio unius corrii taurini hoc anno venditi. 
Et de v* perceptis de precio pellium lanutarum hoc anno venditarum. 
Et de xvj 8 de precio xij bideutium sic venditorum Roberto Qarlond 
hoc anno, pecia ad xvj d . 

Summa xiij 11 xxiij d . 

Et de vj u xiij 8 iiij d peroeptis de firma garbarum decimalium cuiusdam 
porcionis in ecclesia Sancti Egidii, Cantebr., sic dimissa 
Johanni Hixon hoc anno. 

Summa vj u xiij 8 iiij d . 

Et de Ixvj 8 viij d receptis de quadam pensione per manus Vicarii 
Sancti dementis, Cantebr., pro vestura monialium hoc anno. 

Summa Ixvj 8 viij d . 

Summa totalis recepte cum Arreragiis lxxx u xxij d q. 
E quibus computat in redditu resoluto Priori de Bernewell pro certa 
terra ibidem per annum vij 8 . 

Et solutum Maiori et Ballivis Cant, pro quadam consue- 
tudine vocata le hagable per annum xiiij 8 iiij d ob. q. 
Et solutum Thome Lovell de Chesterton pro tenemento ibidem per 
annum vj 8 . 

Et in redditu resoluto Johanni Radcliff, militi, pro certa terra ibidem 
et tenemento in Cant, vocato Mortymers per annum xv 8 vj d . 

Et solutum Vicario Omnium Sanctorum, Cantebr., pro quadam [pen- 
sione sibi] concessa per annum xx 8 . 

Et solutum Collegio Corporis Christi per annum xvj d . 
Et in redditu resoluto Thome Cotton pro diversis terns in Cantebr. 
per annum iij 8 vij d . 

Et solutum Rectori Ecclesie Sancti Benedicti per annum pro hospicio 
vocato le Booll iiij d . 

102 



148 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 

Et solutum Magistro dooms Sancti Michaelis per annum iiij d . 

Suniiiin Ixviij 8 v* 1 ob. q. 

Et allocantiir eidem pro uno tcnenicnto in Precherche Strete nuper 

in tenura Rogeri Howprest pro x* per annum et hoc anno 

ilS!iiT enU in mambus domine ob defectum conductions, tanien 

contra annum futurum conceditur Johanni Wattesson pro 

xiij" iiij d per annum, x". 

Et eidem pro j gardino nuper in tenura Johannis Chapman pro iij 8 per 
annum et hoc anno ut pro prima medietate iacenti in manibus domine, xviij d . 

Et eidem pro certo tenemento per composicionem domine Priorisse 
et Conventus et Prepositi et sociorum Collegii Regalis Beate Marie et 
Sancti Nicholai, Cantebr., eidem collegio appropriato ut pro certa summa 
prefate domine Priorisae et Conventui pre manibus soluta, ut in compoto 
proxime precedent! evidenter apparet, xij*. 

Et eidera pro j tenemento nuper denovo edificato iacente in le Precherch 
Strete ad xj' per annum, quod pro prima medietate huius anni stetit 
vacuum, v" vj d . 

Et eidem pro j tenemento combusto nuper Johannis Ward in venella 
vocata Nunneelane ad vj viij d i>er annum, quod pro primo quarterio huius 
anni stetit vacuum, xx d . 

Et eidem pro j tenemento in Walleslane nuper Johannis Walsheman 
pro vj viij d per annum, qui quidem Johannes fugam fecit extra hanc 
villam infra primam medietatem huius anni nichil post se relinquens per 
quod distringi potuit preter vij d inde levatos, et per ultimam medietatem 
huius anni dimittitur Philippo Jonesson pro iij 1 , sic in decremento hoc 
anno iij' j d . 

Et eidem pro j tenemento nuper in tenura Ricardi Pyghtesley quia 
excessive oneratur superius, ij iij d . 

Summa xxxvj". 

Et in ij bus. sineris emptis pro vestibus lavandis, iiij' 1 . 

W- ^t m ^J ^. cancel emptis ad hospicium infra tempus 

cam quin- compoti, iij* V d . 

Et in iij 1 * 1 " Ib. de le coton emptis pro candelis infra 
hospicium hoc anno faciendis per vices, ij". 

Et solutum Thome Osbarne pro brasio integro hoc anno molcndo, 
vj vij d ob. 

Et in spumato empto per totum annum, xxiij' 1 . 

Et in j barello olei empto pro lampadibus ecclesie Sancte Radegundis, 
xiiij d . 

Et in candel empto erga festum Sancti Johannis Baptiste infra tempus 
compoti, ij d . 

Et in v ladels emptis ad coquinam, ij d ob. 

Et in slats emptis de Alex. Tebbe de Weston ad iistrinam pro brasio 
siccando, viij* iiij d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 149 

Et solutum Thome Atkyn pro diversis laboribus indigentibus faciendis 
per xxxix dies, vj 8 vij d . 

Et in pergameno et papiro cum encausto emptis tarn per parcellas istius 
computantis de die in diem scribendo quam pro compoto anni revoluti, x d . 

Et solutum Johanni Cokk ad portandum stramen de orreo usque vacca- 
riam, ustrinam et alia loca prout opus erat per vices, iiij d . 

Et in j le streynor (ij d ob.) cum le bultell (vj d ) emptis hoc anno, 
viij d ob. 

Et in quadam muliere conducta ad filandum xxj lb lane, xxij d . 

Et in Alicia Pavyer conducta ad idem opus in grosso continens xxxvj lb 
fili lanei, vj 8 . 

Et solutum Petro Skynner adiuvanti cocum in coquina per vices, viij d . 

Et in una lagena cum iij pyntes olei emptis pro lana ungenda, xj d . 

Et in ij scutellis emptis, iij d ob. 

Et in furfure empto pro porcis assandis, vj d . 

Et in Johanne Mount conducto ad portandum stramen et alios labores 
iudigentes faciendos per viij dies et di., xvij d . 

Et solutum Rogero Rede de Hynton pro le warpyng certi fili lanei, 
j d ob. 

Et in eodem conducto ad texandas Ixxvij ulnas panni lanei pro liberatura 
famulorum, iij' v d . 

Et solutum uxori Johannis Howdelowe pro le fullyng dicti panni, 
iij" v d . 

Et solutum cuidam le sherman pro tonsura eiusdem panni, xiiij d ob. 

Et in j cribro vocato a whete rydell, v d , cum alio cribro vocato a 
melesyve, iij d ob., et cum emcndacione alius cribelli vocati an hersyve, 
j d ob., necnon cum emendacione alius cribri, iij d , xiij d ob. 

Et solutum Johanni Everesdon pro bestiis usque mariscam de Wevel- 
yngham fugandis, ij d . 

Et in iiij or virgis cilicini emptis ad ustrinam, xiij d . 

Et in j le matte empto, ij d . 

Et solutum pro flebotomacione equorum carettinorum die Sancti Steph- 
ani, ij* 

Et in j petra vocata a gryndstone empta de Johanne Chapman, blad- 
smyth, xvj d . 

Et in oleo empto ad ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum, ij 8 vij d . 

Et solutum Qerardo Wake pro ligatura unius libri vocati Sanctorum, 
vj 8 viij d . 

Et solutum cuidam laborario pro fimo super terras arabiles spargendo, 
iiij d . 

Et in j sedlep empto, iij d ob. 

Et solutum Ricardo Cook pro scriptura ij par. indenturarum inter 
dominam et Johannem Styward pro j gardino sibi dimisso in Precherche 
Strete, ix d . 



150 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 

Et in qiiadam olla terrea empta pro domo Refectorii pro cervisia im- 
ponenda, ij d . 

Et in Johanne Tommesson conducto ad carucandum a festo Purifica- 
cionis Beate Marie infra tempus com pot i usque festum Sanctorum Philippi 
et Jacobi, vij" vj d . 

Et in Thoma Kempe conducto ad idem opus per xxxvj dies, capiente 
per diem j d ob., minus in toto ob., iiij" v d ob. 

Et in Ricardo Sexteyn, slawterman, conducto pro bestiis ad coquinam 
mactandis, iiij" ij d . 

Et in emendacione unius lavacri, ix d , unius patelle enee, vj d , cum 
ij patellis terreis emptis, j d , ciphis et discis, vj d , j duodena et dim. 
trcnchercs, iiij d , j lote et j payle, vj d , j fletyngbolle, j d ob., j par. de les 
bellowes, v* ob., excambio unius skymer, v*, et excambio xxvj Ib. stanni, 
precio Ib. j d ob., iij" iij d yj xj d . 

Et in castracione agnellorum et porcellorum hoc anno, x d . 

Et solutum Margarete Whyte pro pellibus lanutis lavandis, j d . 

Et solutum Johanni Clyfland pro tellura quinque acrarum et j rode 
terre pro ordeo super seminando hoc anno, iiij 1 ij d . 

Et in scopis emptis et similibus, j d . 

Et in Galfrido Sconyng et alio laborario conductis ad faciendum unum 
murum terrenum pro pinnfald, simul cum emendacione alius muri infra 
Prioratum, prout opus erat, per xxvj dies inter se ad ij d per diem, iiij 1 iiij d . 

Et in Simone Maydewell conducto ad carucandum per vj dies tern pore 
seminacionis ordei, ix d . 

Et solutum Katerine Rolffe conducte ad sarculandum in gardino per 
iiij dies, iiij d ob. 

Et in ij pipes emptis de Johanne Heswell pro kymlyns inde fien- 
dis, y'. 

Et in Thoma Bottesham, cupario, facienti de eisdem pipes vj kymlyns, 
in grosso, ij" iiij d . 

Et in eodem Thoma conducto ad ligandum cum circulis ligneis certa 
vasa et utensilia locis defectivis, vj d ob. 

Et in bidentibus lavandis, xiiij d , necnon eisdem tondendis, xiij d , et 
lana inde proveniente in vellera Uganda, iij" j d . 

Et in Simone Maydewell per vj dies, ix d , et Thoma Wynter per xij 
dies, xviij d , laborantibus in prato et fodientibus argillam et aliis laboribus 
indigentibus faciendis, ij 1 iij d . 

Et in iiij ulnis vestis linee emptis de Johanne Balle de Linea pro 
Refectorio, xij d . 

Et in viij ulnis vestis linee emptis pro le Napr., ij" vj d . 

Et in emendacione unius le Swep fontis ibidem, viij d . 

Et in emendacione quinque furcarum vocatarum Pyccheforkes, iiij d . 

Et solutum pro agistamento animalium depasturatorum in marisco de 
Wevelyngham, xix 4 . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 151 

Et in j clat empt de Alicia Smalbon pro lana inde spargenda et verbe- 
randa, iij d . 

Et in cirpis hoc anno emptis per vices, ix d . 

Et in lij (sic) ulnis panni linei emptis de Johanne Ball de Linea pro 
mappis et manutergiis inde fiendis hoc anno, precio ulne ij d , plus in toto 

ij d xj". 

Et solutum ad pietanciam conventus, xviij d die tricentali Johannis 
Broun nuper ballivi ibidem cum iiij d pro cera et ij d clerico pulsanti cam- 
panam, ij 8 , in parte solucionis xxiij 8 solvendorum forma sequenti, videlicet 
pro j bove, uno equo et aliis necessariis de predicto ballivo per dominam 
emptis ad utilitatem conventus, ultra quod dedit et procuravit conventui ; 
de quibus quidem xxiij 8 domina habet solvere summo altari ecclesie 
Sancte Radegundis ad ornamentum eiusdem vij 8 , et pro aliis xiiij 8 annua- 
tim die anniversarii dicti ballivi ij 8 forma prerecitata per vij annos iam 
proxime futures secundum ultimam dicti ballivi voluntatem, prout datum 
est intelligi auditori super hunc compotum. 

Et solutum ad xv"" domini Regis ultime concessam, ij 8 vj d . 

Summa vij u vj 8 vj d ob. 

Et in viij warp piscium vocatorum lyng emptis de Johanne Antyll apud 
nundinas Elienses infra tempus compoti, precio le warp 

vii J d ~ v " l "i d > simul cum V J war P de codd > precio le 
warp vj d ob., plus in toto j d , viij 8 viij d . 

Et in j quart, ij bus. et dim. farine avene hoc anno ad coquinam emptis, 
precio bus. viij d , vij 8 . 

Et in xxxij pulcinis emptis ad staurum, ij 8 viij d . 

Et in xiiij warp piscium vocatorum lyng emptis de predicto Johanue 
Antyll ad imndinas de Stiresbridge infra tempus compoti, precio le warp 
xj d ob., minus in toto j d , xiij 8 iiij d . 

Et in iiij or bus. avenarum emptis ad seminandum, x d . 

Et in iiij or quart, pisi emptis de Johanne Presote hoc anno, precio 
quart, ij 8 viij d , xj 8 . 

Et in vj bus. viridis pisi emptis in foro pro potagio inde fiendo, iij 8 . 

Et in iiij or bus. pisi emptis alia vice, xiiij d . 

Et in ij quart, de les tares emptis ad seminandum, v 8 iiij d . 

Et in uno agnello empto de clerico Sancti Antonii, vj d . 

Et in semine vocato mustardseed empto, xij d . 

Et in ij bidentibus emptis de magistro Johanne Herrysson, capellano, 
xij d et nou plus hie in allocacioue quia quoad residuum pardonatur 
conventui. 

Et in viij unciis croci emptis ad staurum huius anni, vj 8 xj d . 

Et in j Ib. piperis, x d ob. 

Et in j equo empto ad nundinas Sancti Johannis Baptiste, ix 8 vj' 1 . 

Et in altero equo empto de Ricardo Baker de Bumsted, iiij 8 . 

Et in ij cades allec rubei, xv 8 , j barell. et dim. allec albi, xiiij 8 iij d , ij 



152 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 

cades de lea sparlyng, ij viij d , empt. apud Lineam hoc anno de Johanue 
Ball, xxxj" xj d . 

Et in j quarterio fungaris vocati Wyuterfyssh empto de eodem 
Johanne, v. 

t in ij quart, v bus. sails emptis ad mindinas Sancti Johannis Baptiste, 
precio bus. iiij ob. vij" x d ob. 

Et in j duodena caseorum empta de Willelmo Webbe de Balseham, 
precio casei iiij d , plus in toto ij d , iiij" ij d . 

Et in j bidente empto de Ricardo Sexteyn, vj d . 

Summa vj u vj" iij d . 
Et in les reynes emptis ad capistrum, v 4 . 

Et in xvj par. tractuum, unde viij ad carucas, xvj d , 
et viij ad carettas, ij" j d , emptis prout opus erat, iij" v* 1 . 

Et in emendacione duarum carucarum, xiiij' 1 . 
Et in ij carucis denovo emptis de Michaele Bower de Fulborne, ij iij d . 
Et in x v ij calcibus equinis emptis infra tempus compoti, xiiij d . 
Et in ccc clavis emptis pro ferrura equorum, viij d . 
Et in cartclowtnayll, v 1 . 
Et in iij*"" horsetrees, v d . 
Et in oxbowes, vj d . 

Et in cordula vocata whipcord empt., iij d . 
Et in j clave ordinata pro cerura equiiia, j d . 
Et in j horsecombe, ij d . 

Et in iij bul pitcheforkes staves empt ad nundinas Sancti Johannis 
Baptiste, ij d . 

Et in factura et emendacione coleres equinorum per unum hominem 
conductum per v dies, xxij d . 

Et in veete canabea empt ad idem opus, ix d . 
Et in filo ad idem, iij d . 
Et in caretta axeuda, vj d . 

Et in una ieruca empt ad fugandos equos carcttinos et carucarios, ij d . 
Et in j oorda carettiua empt de Alicia Rooper, xvj d . 
Et in ij le Sheefs cab' bis empt, xviij d . 

Et solut Waltero, ferrario, pro ferramento equorum carettinorum et 
carucariorum ac pro cubacione et acuacione puncture vomerum et cul- 
turarum per diversa anni tempora infra tempus compoti prout opus erat, 
xviij" viij d . 

Et in uno correo equino dealbando, viij d . 

Summa xxxvj 8 viij d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Thressher conducto ad triturand. ccxxix 
quart iij bus. ordei ad tascum, ut extra, capientis pro quoli- 
bet quart 6 " * ij d xxxviij- iij d . 

Et in eodem conducto ad triturand. Ixxxj quart, vj bus. 
frumenti ad tascum, capiente pro quolibet quarterio iij d xx" v d q. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 153 

Et in eodem conduoto ad tritiirand. vj bus. pisi ad tascum, ij d . 
Et in stipendio Johannis Mount conducto ad portanda grana de orreo 
usque ventilabruni ad ilia purganda per vices, x d ob. 

Summa lix 8 viij d ob. q. 

Et in stipendio Henrici Denesson, carpentarii, conducti ad faciendum 
erigendum et preparandum in grosso in opere carpentrino 

Reparaciones . . . 

duo tenementa sub uno tectu lacentia m venella vocata 
Nunneslane, in parte solucionis xxx 8 cum finem fecerit operis predicti, 
xxiij 8 iiij d . 

Et in Simone Maydewell conducto ad sarrandum maeremium operis 
predicti per iiij or dies, xiiij d . 

Et in j carectata de les splentes empta ad tenementa predicta, iiij 8 . 
Et in splentes emptis alia vice, xxj d . 

Et in Johanne Cokke coadiuvante carpentarium predictum in opere pre- 
dicto per x dies, xiiij d . 

Et in canabo cum clavis emptis pro ligatura nmrorum tenementorum 
predictorum, xvj d . 

Et in petra empta de Thoma Janes de Hynton ad supponendum 
gruncill tenementorum predictorum, vj' viij d . 

Et in j fowder calcis adhuste empto ad idem opus, iij 8 . 
Et in vj carectatis luti emptis de Ricardo Poket de Bernewell ad opus 
predictum, xviij d . 

Et in Galfrido Sconyng et Willelmo Brann conductis ad supponendum 
gruncill tenemeutorum predictorum et ad daubandos muros eorundeni in 
grosso, xvij 8 iij d . 

Et in arundine empta de Johaune Bere, reder, ad tenementa predicta, 
ii 8 iiij 4 . 

Et in D de les segh emptis ad idem opus, v . 

Et in bordis emptia ad nundinas Sancti Johanuis Baptiste pro ostio et 
fenestris domus predicte inde fiendis, ij x d . 

Et in xxij bunches virgarum emptis ad tenementa predicta, xxij d . 
Et in D clavis ad idem opus simul cum c clavis emptis postea, 
ii 8 viij d ob. 

Et in Johanne Scot, tectore, conducto ad cooperiendum cum stramine 
duo tenementa predicta per xij dies, capiente per diem iiij d , ad mensam 
domine, iiij 8 . 

Et in Thoma Clerk per viij dies et dim. et Nicholao Burnefygge per x 
dies tractantibus stramen et servientibus eidem coopertori, iij 8 j d . 

Et in Katerina Roltf conducta ad idem opus per xij dies, ad j d ob. per 
diem, xviij d . 

Et in Henrico Denesson, carpentario, conducto ad faciendum cum 
meremio domine j le Walshe (vj d ) infra tenementum in le Precherch 
Strete in grosso, simul cum factura unius muri vocati a pikewall (iiij 8 ), 
necnon pro factura gruncell alius muri vocati a pykewall tenement! 



154 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 

predict! (ij iiy d ) et emendacione et erectione de les sparres ibidem, 
vy x d . 

Et in Johanne Freman conducto ad daubandum murum vocatum a 
pykewall et alios defectus tenementorum predictorum in grosso, iiij". 

Et in iij 6 "* carectatis luti emptis ad opus predictum, ix d . 

Et in Johanne Richemond, Johanne Tommesson et Thoma Atkyn 
conductis ad daubandos et supponendos inuros coquine tenementonim 
predictorum in grosso, ij" viij d ob. 

Et in Johanne Wattessou pro le teryng dicte coquine in grosso, iij vj u . 

Et in spleutes emptis ad muroe coquine predicte cum canabo ad idem 
opus, xiij d . 

Et in xxiij bunches virgarum emptis ad tenementa et coquinam predic- 
tam, ij" ix 4 . 

Et in MCC de les segh emptis de Ricardo Chandelier pro coopertura 
dictorum tenementonim et coquine predicte, precio centeue xij d , plus in 
toto y d , xj" x d . 

Et in Johanne Scot conducto ad cooperienda tenementa et coquinam 
predictam per xvij dies, capiente per diem iij d ad mensam domine, iiij" iij d . 

Et in Johanne Cokk tractante stramen ad idem opus per xvij dies, 
y"vj d . 

Et in gumphis et vertinellis (xiiij d ob.), j lache (ij d ), j staple cum cerura 
(iiij d ) et oc clavis (viij d ) emptis ad tenementa et coquinam predictam, 
y" v*ob. 

Et in cc et dim. de les segh emptis pro coopertura domus proximo 
magnas portas exteriores, ij" viij d . 

Et in iiij * bunch virgarum emptis ad domum predictam, iiij d . 

Et in Johanne Scotte conducto ad tegendam domum predictam per 
xj dies ad iiij d per diem et ad mensam domine, iij" viij d . 

Et in Johanne Cokke conducto ad servieudum eidem per vj dies, xij d . 

Et in quodam alio laborario eidem tectori serviente per vij dies, xiiij d . 

Et in D de les segh emptis pro domu nuper combusta iacente in 
Nunneslane, v*. 

Et in iij 1 * 1 " laborariis de Welle conductis ad emendandos et ad cooperi- 
eudos cum aruudine certos defectus aule, coquine, et aliarum domorum 
indigentes per iiij or dies, quolibet capiente i>er diem v d ad mensam domine, 
iiij" iiij d . 

Et in aruudine empta ad emendaudam domum Refectorii cum cariagio 
eiusdem, xxiij d . 

Et in eisdem laborariis conductis alia vice ad emendandos cum arundine 
predicta certos defectus domus Refectorii predict! et domus Granatorii per 
vij dies, inter se quolibet capiente per diem v d , plus in toto j d iij 1 . 

Et in factura unius coopertoris pro le font ecclesie Sancte Kadcgundis, 
vj d . 

Et in bordis emptis de Edmundo Seyntlowe pro garner ernendando, xij d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 155 

Et in Henrico Dennesson, carpentario, emendante dictum gerner cum 
bordis predictis per v dies, capiente per diem iiij d ad mensam domine, 
una cum uno serviente suo ad idem opus conducto per tot dies ad iij d 
per diem et ad mensam domine, ij 8 xj d . 

Et in factura unius fenestre vitree cum vitro preparato domine in 
grosso, xij d . 

Et solutum Thome Lokyer pro iij bus ceruris pro portis internis, ix d . 

Et in emendacione unius cerure cum clave empto ad eandem pro hostio 
coquine, iij d ob. 

Et in stramine empto pro tenemento in quo Thomas Brewer de 
Bernewell inhabitat, iiij d . 

Et in duobus ceruris emptis pro tenemento in quo Johannes Egate, 
tyler, inhabitat, vj d . 

Et in alia cerura empta pro tenemento in quo Johannes Tommesson 
inhabitat, iij d . 

Et in Johanne Cony emendante quemdam defectum ecclesie, ij d . 

Et in quodam plumbatorio conducto ad emendandam unam gutteram 
inter tenementum in quo Walterus Ferror inhabitat et tenementum Prioris 
de Bernewell et cum plumbo iuvento per ipsum Priorem, una cum emenda- 
cione unius defectus ecclesie Sancte Radegundis, xiiii d . 

Et in eodem plumbatorio conducto ad emendandam unam pipam plum- 
beam extendentem a fonte usque plumbum in domo pandoxatorii in grosso 
cum les sowder ipsius plumbatorii, viij d . 

Et in ccc clavis (xij d ) et c clavis (ij d ) emptis ad mmdinas de Stires- 
bridge, xiiij d . 

Et in arundine empta de Thoma Manne de Welle, ut in precio iiij bus. 
brasii, xx d . 

Summa viij 11 iij 8 vij d . 

Et in butumine empto cum pycche hoc anno pro bidentibus signandis 

[Cu.tu.F.ide] etungendis,ij-j d 

Et in clatis emptis ad faldam, iij* iij d . 
Et solutum pro remocione falde per diversas vices, iij d . 

Summa v 8 vij d . 

Et solutum domine Priorisse et toto (sic) conventui pro vestura sua hoc 

anno, in parte solucionis Ixvj 8 viij d , xliij 8 viij d et non 

nUnaranir ' plus noc anno in allocacione, quia Thomas Grey nuper 

vicarius ibidem obiit ultimo anno elapso et residuum dicte 

summe executores testamenti dicti vicarii distribuerunt inter dominas in 

elemosina preter iij unde computans inferius allocat. 

Summa xliij 8 viij d . 
Et solutum magistro Nicholao Druell in plenam soluciouem pro antique 

DebitaSoluta ^bito, XXxiij 8 iiij d . 

Et Thome Cotton in plenam solucionem veteris debiti, 
xxj d . 



156 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 

Et domine Alicie Patryk nuper mortue in plenam solucionem om- 
nium debitorum, iij g iiij d , ex legacione Petri Erie, capellani, nuper 
defuncti. 

Et domine Johanne Lancastre in parte solucionis vj 8 viij d sibi legato- 
rum per predictum Petrum, iij 8 iiij d . 

Et domine Agneti SwaflTham, suppriorisse, in parte solucionis vj 8 viij d , 

XX d . 

Etsolutum magistro Ricardo Broun, nuper Rectori ecclesie de Doun- 
luun, pro vetere debito cum iij 8 ij d in manibus suis obstupatis pro redditu 
domine debito in Ely, et cum iiij" in manibua suis obstupatis de redditu in 
Cantebrigia, vij 8 ij d . 

Et solutum le dyer Sancti Ivonis pro antiquo debito, vj". 
Et solutum Roberto Tyler de Reedwynter in plenam solucionem omnium 
debitorum pro tegulis ab eo emptis anno preterite, iiij 8 . 

Sunn i in lx 8 vij d . 

Et solutum Willelmo Rogger pro carne bovina, porcina, ovina et vitul- 
ina empta ad hospicium per manus Johanne Grauntyer, 
- xxxiiij 8 viij d . 

Et in pane, cervisia, carne bovina, porcina, ovina, 
vitulina, porcellina, gallina, pullina, ovis, butiro, et piscibus recensibus 
et marinis emptis i>er dietam ad hospicium infra tempus compoti, ut 
particulariter in uno libro papiri super hunc compotum examinato plenius 
patet, xj u vij 8 iiij d ob. 

Et in una vacca empta de Thoma Carrawey ad hospicium, vi 8 viij d . 

Summa xiij 11 viij 8 viij d ob. 

Et datum iiij or preconibus maioris Cantebr. pro eorum oblaciono ad 
[Dono' dau fesUim Nativitatis Domini infra tempus compoti, pro eorum 
serviciis domine Priorisse et conventui impensis et im- 
posterum impendendis, ij g iij d . 

Et in aliis donis (iij 1 ), cum iij 8 iiij d datis Thome Key (xx d ) et Johanne 
Granngyer (xx d ), et cum ij 8 vj d distributis inter pauperes die cene Domini, 
necnon cum les eruest penys (iiij d ) diversis personis datis que cum v 8 ix d 
certis tenentibus et servientibus domine ad diversa anni tempora per con- 
sideracionem domine Priorisse, ut parcellatim in papiro istius computan- 
tia annotatur, xiij 8 xj d . 

Et in uno grue empto et date Cancellario Universitatis ville Cantebr. 
pro bona amicitia sua in diversis materiis domine ad utilitatem con- 
ventus, xij d . 

Et datum ii 1 *" laborariis pro cariagio turbarum una vice, una cum iiij d 
datis Johanni Nyxon ad tonsuram bidentium suorum et ij d expenditis 
apud domum Johannis Ansty senioris et cum vj d datis Ricardo Baker de 
Bernewell et Ricardo West, pandoxatori, pro tolneto colligendo et reci- 
piendo tempore nundinarum ibidem, xiiij d . 

Summa xix 8 iiij d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 157 

Et in viij paribus cirothecarum emptis pro diversis couductis in aut- 

umpno prout opus erat, xij d . 

umpS PtU! Et in diversis laborariis conductis ad falcandas unandas 

et erga carettas preparandas lxxxiiij or acras ordei ad tascum, 
capientibus pro qualibet xij d , iiij u iiij 8 . 

Et in consimilibus laborariis conductis ad metendas ligandas et erga 
carettas preparandas xxx acras et j rodam frumenti ad tascam, capientibus 
pro qualibet acra ut supra, xxx 8 iij d . 

Et in Thoma Atkyn conducto ad falcandas les tares in clauso vocato 
Bartonescrofte per ij dies, viij d . 

Et in Thoma Heyreman (xx d ) per j diem, Johanne Trumpyngton 
(viij 8 iiij d ) per v dies conductis ad cariandum bladum cum carettis suis, 
capiente per diem quolibet xx d et mensam suam, x 8 . 

Et in Thoma Key conducto per totum tempus autumpni, ultra ij bus. 
brasei, vj 8 viij d . 

Et in Thoma Wynter conducto ad idem opus per idem tempus, x 8 . 

Et in Nicholao Burnefyge conducto ad idem opus per tempus pre- 
dictum, ix 8 . 

Et in Johanne Knyght coadiuvante laborarios una vice ut in precio 
unius paris sotularium, vij d . 

Summa vij u xij 8 ij d . 

Et solutum Edmundo Wyghton pro j brevi vocato Quod Dampnum 

optinendo pro hospicio vocato le Facoun, iij 8 j d . 

8ec<j Xpen ^ 8 l u ^ um eidem pro transcriptura dicti brevis et pro 

recordo placiti habendi, ij". 

Et solutum Galfrido Fyssher pro feriagio per aquam piscium salsorum 
(iiij d ) de Ely, uiiacum feriagio dimidii barelli olei vocati lammpe-oyle (ij d ) 
de Linea et uniua litere de Linea predicta domine misse, ac pro feriagio 
allec de Linea usque magnum pontem, Cantebr., ij 8 ij d . 

Et in expensis Thome Key pro feriagio usque Elien. (iiij d ) et ibidem 
expectantis per ij dies pro piscibus salsis (v d ) et aliis expensis, simul cum 
expensis apud Crawden (j d ) pro redditu ibidem levando, et apud Abyngton 
et Wrottyng (iiij d ob.) pro consimilibus, unacum expensis apud Litlyngton 
(v d ) pro prato domine inter Thomam Campes et ipsam dominam sortendo 
et in certum ponendo, xix d ob. 

Et in expensis Thome Key apud Cantebr. diversis vicibus pro redditu 
levando et colligendo, v d ob. 

Et in expensis domine Priorisse pro tenencibus suis apud Cantebr. 
supervidendis ad diversas vices, unacum colloquio habendo cum Johanne 
Ansty, armigero, pro utilitate domus, xvij d ob. 

Summa x 8 ix d ob. 

Et in v millibus cc terricidis hoc anno emptis cum iiij d solutis pro 
[Sumptus Foca- cariagio aliquarum earundem de aqua usque prioratum, 

Hum] J X B iijd 



158 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1449 1450. 

Et in MCC de les segh emptis hoc anno, precio centene xx d , minus in 
toto iiij d , xix" viij d . 

Et in ccxxx fagottis emptis pro focalibus ibidem per diversas vices, 
precio centene [erasure] plus in toto j d , xvij" iiij d . 

Et in MCC terricidis hoc anno emptis de Almeris, turfteman, 
ut in precio vj bus. frumenti unde computans superius oneratur, 
iij- vj d . 

Summa xlix" x d . 

Et in salario fratris Roberti Palmer, confessoris dominarum, hoc anno 
ut in diversis aimis precedentibus, vj 1 viij d . 

Et in salario mngistri Johannis Herryson, capellani 
celebrantis missam pro dominabus per totum tempus com- 
puti, c*. 

Et solutum Johanni Peresson, capellano celebranti in ecclesia Sancti 
Andree Apostoli per vices, ij" iiij d . 

Et in stipendio clerici ecclesie ibidem per annum, xiij 1 iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Thome Key, colligentis redditus in Cant, et patria 
hoc anno, xiij" iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Ricardi West, pistoris et pandoxatoris, hoc anno, 
xxvj" viij d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Everesdon, conducti ad carucandum per totum 
tempus compoti, xxvj" viij d . 

Et in stipendium Johannis Wyllyamesson, bercarii ibidem, cum viij d 
in precio tin ins paris caligarum hoc anno, xx viij d . 

Et in stipendio Roberti Page, carucarii, per idem tempus, xvj". 

Et in stipendio Johannis Slibre, alterius camcarii, per annum, 
xiij" iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Roberti Pykkell, bubulci, hoc anno, vj" viij d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Cokke, malster, hoc anno, xiij' iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Johanne Granngyer, iniius ancille domine, hoc anno, 
cum iij" iiij d in regardo sibi datis pro officio Purvis hoc anno, xiij" iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Elianore Richemound, alterius ancille domine, cum xx d 
in regardo sibi datis, viij" iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Elizabeth Chaterys, alius ancille domine, ut in vestitu 
sua (sic) infra tempus compoti, iij" j d . 

Et in stipeudio Dionisie, yerdwomman, hoc anno ut in annis preceden- 
tibus, ix . 

Et in stipendio Ricardi Porter, conducti a festo Sancte Trinitatis 
infra tempus compoti usque festum Michaelis ad omnes labores husbondrie, 
xiij" iiij d . 

Et solutum pro liberatura Johanne Granngyer, pincernarie domine, 
vj" viij d 

Et solutum pro liberatura Johannis Slybre hoc anno, ij 8 vj d . 

Summa xv u xv 8 ii d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 159 

Et in Thoma Atkyn et Johanne Tommesson, conductis ad falcandas ad 

[Faicacio] stipuli tascum "ij" acras et j rodam stipuli, capientibus pro quali- 
bet acra viij d ij 8 x d . 

Summa ij 8 x d . 

Summa omnium allocacionum et solucionum Ixxviij 11 vj s . Et debet 
xxxv 8 x d q. De quibus allocautur ei, ut de certis denariis pendendis super 
Thomam Key anno proxime precedent! ex mandate domine Priorisse, 
iij 8 . Et eidem, de parte Ixvj 8 viij d pro vestura dominarum hie allocantur 
causa patente superius in titulo Vestura Dominarum, xxiij 8 . Et eidem pro 
stipendio Roberti Page, unius carucarii ibidem, et anno ultimo elapso non 
allocate, xvj 8 . Et sic excedit modo vj 8 j d ob. q. Tamen postea oneratur 
de Iviij 8 vij d ob. q. receptis de domina Priorissa ut de parte xj u xvj 8 xj d , 
iuxta billam indenture inter dominam et ipsam computantem inde factam, 
unde oneratur superius in titulo Vendicio bladi et stauri, et plus de 
xiij d ad complecionem integre summe de vendicione bladi, et hie oneratur 
de Iviij 8 vij d ob. q. predictis eo quod turn allocabatur isti computanti pro 
trituracione bladi et solutum erat per dominam Priorissam et non per 
iutam computantem. Et de xij d de precio iiij or caponum venditorum, 
ut extra. Et de xviij" viij d receptis de certis tenentibus pro veteribus 
debitis unde in compoto precedenti nulla fit mencio. Et modo debet 
Ixxii 8 ij d . 

Unde super 

Johannem Rychemound pro j tenemento, nuper Johannis Rychemound 
ad iiij 8 per annum, pro ultimo quarterio anni iustantis xij d . 

Ricardum Whetley de Beruewell pro parte unius tenement! iacentis in 
Bernewell, pro hoc anno v 8 . 

Henricum Symmesson pro ij tenementis scituatis in parochia Sancti 
Botulphi ad iiij 8 vj d per annum, tarn pro hoc anno quam pro anno proxime 
precedenti ix 8 . 

Willelmum Rogger pro j tenemento in stallagio, tarn pro hoc anno quam 
pro ij bua annis proxime precedentibus, per annum xij d , ultra xij d inde 
levatos iij 8 . 

Eundem Willelmum pro j gardino in le Precherchestrete, pro consimili- 
bus annis, per annum ij 8 vj 8 . 

Johannem Scot pro j gardino iuxta cimiterium ecclesie Sancti Edwardi, 
pro tot anuis, per annum xij d , ultra iiij d inde receptos annuatim ij 8 . 

Johannem Barbor pro redditu exeunte de tenemento vocato le ffacoun 
in Petycury, pro tot annis per annum xiiij 8 vij d xliij 8 ix d . 

Dominam Margaretam Huntyngdon pro uno tenemento vocato le Sword, 
tarn pro hoc anno quam pro anno proxime precedenti, per annum vj 8 , ultra 
xx d inde levatos pro ij do anno precedenti per manus Johannis Smyth, 
webster x 8 iiij d . 

Magistrum Johannem Honythorne pro j gardino iuxta Bartonescroft, 



160 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14491450. 

tarn pro hoc anno quam pro ij bu8 annis proximo precedentibus, per annum 
ij 8 vj 8 . 

Magistrum domus Sancti Johannis Evangeliste pro j tenement in 
parochia Sancti Edwardi, pro tot annis, per annum iiij 8 vj d xiij 8 vj d . 

Ricardum Busshee pro j tenement ex opposite Beate Marie, pro tot 
annis, per annum xij d iij 8 . 

Ricardum Wryght pro j tenemento nuper Johannis Essex, sadeler, pro 
totidem annis, per annum xij d iij 8 . 

Predictura Magistrum domus Sancti Johannis Evangeliste pro j tene- 
mento iuxta cimitcrium ecclesie parochialis Sancti Sepulcri in vetere 
Judaismo, pro tot annis, per annum xx d v 8 . 

Johannem Belton pro j teneraento iacente iuxta tenementum domine 
Priorisse, pro tot annis, per annum vj 8 viij d xx 8 . 

Magistrum Ricardum Pightesley pro j tenemento nuper Willelmi Bur- 
tones, pro tot annis, per annum ij 8 vj 8 . 

Magistrum et scolarcs Sancti Benedicti, Cant., pro j tenemento quon- 
dam Gybelotes, pro totidem annis, per annum ij 8 ij d vj 8 vj d . 

Thomam Lolleworth pro j tenemento in quo inhabitat, pro consimilibus 
annis, per annum ij' vj 8 . 

Johannem Neell pro orto cum uno horreo nuper Hugonis Canesby, pro 
tot annis, per annum xij d iij 8 . 

Johannem Leccham pro j tenemento in le Precherch Strete, pro ij do 
anno preterite xx d . 

Robertum Mildenhale de Cant., ut de precio ij caponum venditorum 
onerato su peri us, tarn pro hoc anno quam pro anno proximo precedente, 
per annum vj d xij d . 

Johannem Crofte pro j parlari prope Pylateslane, pro hoc anno et anno 
precedente, per annum vj d x ij' 1 . 

Radulphum Attefeld pro j tenemento in parochia Beate Marie ad vj 8 
per annum, pro tot annis detentos, parte ij 8 inde levata viij 8 . 

Predictum Magistrum Ricardum Pightesley pro j tenemento prope 
Aulam Regiam, pro ultima medietate auni precedentis xiij 11 ob. 

Stephanum Braaier pro j tenemento iacente in Nunneslane ad v 8 per 
annum, ultra iij 8 ix d inde levatos, pro anno proxime precedente xv d . 

Johannem Webster pro j tenemento iacente in venella predicta ad 
xij 1 per annum, et per eundem Johauuem detentos pro j termino anni 
proxime precedentis (iij 8 ) et pro viij septimanis (ij 8 ) v 8 . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 161 



HENRY VI, 2930, i.e. 14501451. 

Compotus Domine Agnetis Banastre Thesaurisse ac Recep- 
toris Denariorum Prioratus Sancte Radegundis a vigilia Sancti 
Michaelis Archangel! anno Regis Henrici Sexti xxix usque ad 
vigiliam Sancti Michaelis Archangeli extunc [proxime sequen- 
tem] 

Eadem computans respondet de Ixxij 8 ij d de arreragiis ultimi compoti 

[Arreragia] 8ui anni P roxime precedents, ut in pede ibidem de recordo 
apparet. 

Sumrna Ixxij 8 ij d . 

Et de xxxij u v 8 x d perceptis de redditu diversorum tenencium in 
Cantebr., ut patet per Rentale hoc anno parcellatim super 
nunc compotum examinatum. 

Et de "J - "y d Perceptis de Magistro Willelmo Spaldyng 
pro una parcella prati iacente in croft vocato Nunnescroft, 
sibi nuper dimissa per Magistrum et confratres domus Sancti Johannis 
Evangeliste [ad terminum] annoruni pro summa predicta per annum, que 
vero parcella prati appropriata est domui sive Prioratui Sancte Eadegundis, 
Cantebr., per dominum Regem Henricum vi tum [pro imperpetuum], ut 
pro certo tenemento sub redditu xij 8 per annum, prefate domui Sancte 
Radegundis nuper pertinente et modo Collegio Regal i Beate Marie et Sancti 
Nicholai, Cantebr., [appropriate] per composicionem Domine Priorisse et 
Magistrum sive Prepositum predict! Collegii Regalis pro redditu de xij 8 
predictis per annum, necnon pro certa summa eidem [domui] Sancte 
Radegundis per prefatum Prepositum et socios collegii Regis predicti soluta, 
ut in compoto ij di anni precedentis aperte et evidenter apparere poterit. 

Et de [iij 8 perceptis] de Johanne Shepperd pro uno tenemento nuper 
denovo edincato, iacente in vico vocato Nunneslane, unde in compoto pre- 
cedente nulla fit mencio, ad vj 8 per annum, [per ultimam (?)] medietatem 
anni infra tempus compoti prefato Johanni dimisso et non antea, tamen 
respondet anno futuro de vj 8 . 

Et viij 8 recipientur annis futuris de Johanne [ pro] alio tenemento 
nuper noviter edificato iacente in vico prefato; nil hoc anno, quanquam 
dimissum est prefato tenenti per dominam contra tempus instantis 
compoti pro summa predicta [annis] futuris solvenda. 

Summa xxxij 11 xii 8 ij d . 

Et de Ixvj 8 viij d receptis de Rogero Hunte, firmario in West Wrottyng, 
sic sibi dimisso per indenturam ad terminum xx annorum, 

[Firme in Patria] 

hoc anno qumto. 
C. A. S. Octavo Series. 11 



162 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1450 1451. 

Et de xl 8 perceptis de Simone Thurgore, firmario terre dominicalis in 
Abyngton, hoc anno. 

Et de xl perceptis de Johanne Bernes, firmario terre dominicalis in 
Shelford magna, hoc anno, ultra vj capones. 

Et de xxij 8 xj d receptis de Johanne Pyte de Litlyngton et Roberto 
Hawken de eadem, firmariis certe terre dominicalis ibidem sibi dimisse 
per indenturam ad terminum xx u annorum, hoc anno quinto. 

Et de iiij 8 ij d receptis de firma certe terre in Coton sic dimisse Ricardo 
Waren per indenturam. 

Et de iiij 1 receptis de Ricardo Hynton pro firma certe terre dominicalis 
ibidem. 

Et de iij g viij d receptis de Alicia Hynton pro firma certe terre domini- 
calis ibidem per annum. 

Et de vij receptis de Thoma Cole pro firma certe terre dominicalis 
ibidem per annum, ultra ij capones. 

Et de ij receptis de Johanne Cole pro redditu assise ibidem, ultra ij 
capones. 

Et de v* receptis de Edmundo Chapman de Whaddon per annum. 

Et de xvj d receptis de Johanne Burgoyn de Caxton per annum. 

Et de [xij d ] receptis de [Johanne] Pycchard de Trumpington per 
annum. 

Et de vij* vij d ob. receptis de Sampson Auuger de Whytwell per 
annum. 

Et de [iij" ij d ] receptis de [certis] tenencibus domine in Ely per annum, 
per man us Vicarii Omnium Sanctorum, Cantebr. 

Et de ij' receptis de Thoma Parkyn, collectore redditus in Becrdcn in 
comitatu Essex, per annum. 

Et de iiij d receptis de redditu assise in Walden collecto per eundem 
Thomam per annum. 

Et de vij" receptis de Thoma Perkyn de Stevyngton pro firma certe 
terre ibidem per annum sibi dimisse per indenturam. 

Et de xiij 1 receptis de redditu assise Johannis Taylboys, domini de 
Crawden, per annum. 

Et de iij d receptis de Roberto Skylman de Haselyngfeld per 
annum. 

Et de ij iiij d receptis de Priore de Bernewell pro certa terra in 
Maddyngley vocata Maundysilver per annum. 

Et de ij d receptis de Johanne Clerk pro redditu assise in Walden per 
annum. 

Et de xx d perceptis de Johanne Philypott de Trumpyngton pro firma 
terre, hoc anno. 

Et de xij d receptis de Rectore de Fulbone pro certa terra ibidem per 
annum. 

Summa xij u xiiij 8 vij d ob. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1450 1451. 163 

Et de v 8 perceptis de profucuis et provenientibus nundinal-urn die 
Recepta forin- Assumpcionis Beate Marie infra tempus compoti. 
cS nTdin P ium Et de V J U & J d rece P tis ^ mensa sive repasto diversa- 
dinanSI^i Perhei1 " FUm P e > rsonarum generosarum, quarum nomina particu- 
lariter in libro papiri computantis super hunc compotum 
ostensum annotantur. 

Et de xlix 8 j d perceptis de domina Priorissa per billam indenture inter 
dominam et ipsam computantem. 

Summa viij 11 xvj 8 ij d . 

Et de vj 8 perceptis de precio j qrt. ij bus. frumenti venditi, ut extra, 

unde in foro iiij bus., precii bus. viii d , Almeris Ffyddis ij bus., 

et steuri 10 Praio bus - vii J d > et Johanni Presot iiij bus., precii bus. vj d . 

Et de xxix 8 viij d perceptis de certis personis pro xij qrt. 

v bus. ordei venditi ad diversa precia, vidlt. Johanni Presot ix qrt., precio 

qrt. ij 8 iiij d , (xxj 8 ) Thome Key iij bus., precii (xj d ), Ricardo Poket iiij 

bus., precii (xvj d ), et aliis certis personis in minutis parcellis ij qrt. 

vj bus., precii qrt. ij 8 iiij d (vj 8 v 4 ). 

Et de vij u v 8 x d perceptis de certis hominibus pro xlvij qrt. vj bus. 
brasii venditi ad diversa precia, vidlt. Willelmo Bronn iiij bus., precii 
(xx d ) Thome Key iiij bus., precii (xx d ), Willelmo vocato Jacobo 

Brewer xx qrt., precii qrt. iij 8 (Ix 8 ), Thome Coteler x qrt., precii qrt. iij 8 
iiij' 1 (xxxiij 8 iiij d ), Johanni Stephen iiij qrt., precii qrt. ij 8 viij d (x 8 viij d ), 
Ricardo Poket iij bus., precii (xv d ), Johanni Clyyelond iij bus., precii 

(xv* 1 ) et Johanni Thyrlowe de Hawkeston xij qrt., precii qrt. iij 8 (xxxvj 8 ). 
Et de xix d perceptis de precio unius corrii bovis sic venditi in foro 
infra tempus compoti. 

Et de iiij 8 xj d perceptis de precio xxviij pellium ovinarum lanutarum 
et xvj pellecculis hoc anno venditis Johanni Wolleman de Cantebr. 
Et de iiij 8 x d perceptis de certis velleribus laueis hoc anno. 
Et de viij" perceptis de Waltero Ferrario pro j qrt. iiij bus. frumenti 
venditi Waltero Ferrario, bus. ad viij d . 

Summa ix u xix 8 x d . 

Et de vj u xiij 8 iiij d perceptis de firma garbarum decimalium cuiusdam 
porciouis in ecclesia Sancti Egidii, Cantebr., sic dimissa 
Johanni Hyxon hoc anno. 

Summa vj 11 xiij 8 iiij d . 

Et de Ixvj 8 viij d receptis de quadam pensione per manus Vicarii 
Sancti Clementis pro vestura Monialium hoc anno. 

Pensiones . . .... 

Summa Ixvj 8 vnj d . 

Summa totalis recepte cum arreragiis Ixxvij 11 xiiij 8 xj d ob. 
E quibus computat in redditu resoluto Priori de Bernewell pro certa 

terra ibidem per annum, vij 8 . 

re?dTtuum ne9 Et solutum Maiori et ballivis Cantebr. pro quadam 

consuetudine vocata le hagable per annum, xiiij 8 iiij d ob. q. 

112 



164 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 

Et solutum Thome Lovell de Chesterton pro tenemento ibidem per 
annum, vj'. 

Et in redditu resoluto Johanni Radcliff, militi, pro certa terra 
ibidem et tenemento in Cantebr. vocato Mortymers per annum, 
xv" vj d . 

Et solutum Vicario Omnium Sanctorum in Cantebr. pro quadam 
pensione sib! concessa per annum, xx'. 

Et solutum Collegio Corporis Christ! per annum, xvj d . 

Et in redditu resoluto Thome Cotton pro diversis terris in Cantebr. per 
annum, iij' vij d . 

Et solutum Rector! ecclesie Sancti Benedict! per annum pro hospicio 
vocato le Booll, iiij d . 

Et solutum Magistro domus Sancti Michaelis per annum, iiij d . 

Summa Ixviij' v d ob. q. 

Et allocantur eidem pro certo tenemento per composicionem domine 
Priorisse et Conventus et Prepositi et socios (sic) Collegii 
Regalis Beate Marie et Sancti Nicholai, Cantebr., eidem 
collegio appropriate, ut pro certa summa denariorum prefate 
domine Priorisse et Conventui soluta, ut in compoto ij' 11 anni proximo 
preterit! npparct, xij'. 

Et eidem pro j tenemento nuper in tenura Ricardi Pyghtesley excessive 
superius onerati, ij' iij d . 

Et eidem pro parcella unius gardini iuxta cimiterium ecclesie Sancti 
Edward! onerata superius ad xij d per annum et dimissa Johanni Scot pro 
hoc anno et diversis annis preteritis pro iiij d per annum, tamen contra 
annum dimissa eidem Johanni pro viij d , et ideo allocantur computanti 
cum viij' 1 pro anno instant! et ij' pro iij bu< annis preteritis, unde ista 
eadem computans superonerata erat ij' viij' 1 . 

Et eidem pro paroella redditus debit! per Stephanum Brasyer propter 
paupertatem et inopiam eiusdem Stephani ex gracia domine Priorisse hac 
vice tantum, xv d . 

Et eidem pro parte unius tenement! nuper in tenura Johannis Webster 
pro xij' per annum, unde levatur preter vij', eo quod predictus Johannes 
Webster noctanter devolavit nihil poet se relinquens per quod distringi 
potuit, v*. 

Et eidem pro tenemento prope Aulam Regiam ad xiij d ob. per annum, 
ultra ix d inde levatos, iiij d ob. 

Et in decremento redditus Johannis Speed pro uno tenemento nuper 
in tenura Johannis Andrewe pro x' per annum et modo dimisso prefato 
Johanni Speed pro viij' per annum iuxta Rentale, ij 8 . 

Et in decremento redditus unius tenement! nuper in tenura Philippi 
Jonesson pro vj' per annum et modo dimisso Thome Cordwaner pro v 8 vj d 



per annum, vj d . 



Summa xxvj 8 ob, 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 165 

Et in xiiij Ib. candel emptis de Thoma Heyreman ad hospicium cum 

Expense neces- ^ d solutis Katerine Roolff ad adiuvandos factores candela- 

sarie cum quin- rum infra hospicium ac cum ii d solutis pro emendacione 

decima . . 

unius vasis vocati a payle, xviij d . 

Et in una situla vocata a boket empta de Thoma Bottesham cum 
ligacione eiusdem cum circulis ferreis domine, xiij d . 

Et solutum Philippe Perechyld pro emendacione fenestre vitree infra 
aulam, xvj d . 

Et in cinere empto, ij d . 

Et in spumatico empto, xj d . 

Et solutum Thome Osbarne pro brasio per totum tempus compoti 
molendo, vj 8 viij d . 

Et solutum uxori Johannis Pavyer pro viij Ib. lane ad tascam nendis et 
filandis, xvj d . 

Et solutum Margerie Gangefeyr pro consimili opere per vj dies, vj d . 

Et solutum Alicie Basse conducte ad preparandam lanam erga nentes 
ad filandum continentem xx Ib. ad tascam, cum j Ib. sic operata per 
Katerinam Rolff, xxij d . 

Et in Rogero Reed de Hynton conducto ad texandas Ix ulnas vestis 
lanee, capiente pro qualibet ulna ob. q., minus in toto ij d , cum iij d pro le 
Warpyng eiusdem et cum ij 8 vij d solutis Willelmo Bank, fuller, pro opere 
et arte sua et spissitudine panni predicti, vj 8 v d ob. 

Et solutum cuidam fabro de Bernewell pro factura unius securis, iiij d . 

Et in alia securi empta de Willelmo Brook de Saweston, vj d . 

Et in Johanne Trumpyngton per ij dies ad ij d per diem cum alio 
laborario per v dies ad j d per diem spargentibus fimum super terras 
arabiles domine, ix d . 

Et in una lagena dim. et j pynte olei emptis pro lana ungenda, ij 8 j d . 

Et in emendacione iij cribellorum, iij d . 

Et in Thoma Atkyn, laborario, conducto ad di versos labores indigentes 
faciendos per diem, ut in parcellis super hunc compotum examinatis plenius 
apparet, vj 8 viij d . 

Et solutum Waltero, ferrario, pro flebotomacione equorum domine die 
Sancti Stephani infra tempus compoti, ij d . 

Et solutum Johanni Thommesson, laborario, pro diversis laborariis (sic) 
oportunis per ipsum factis per x dies, xx d . 

Et in Johanne Preset conducto ad shidanda et succidenda ligna pro 
focalibus et ad loppandos arbores circa monasterium istud necnon ad 
faciendos alios labores prout opus erat per x dies ad ij d per diem, unacum 
caruca sua et equis suis et famulo suo super terras domine teinpore 
seniinacionis ordei per alios x dies ad xij d per diem, ac cum x d sibi 
concessis pro punctura vomeris et culture sue per idem tempus, xiiij 8 vj d . 

Et in Thoma Bottesham, cowper, emendanti certa utensilia lignea per 
vices, ij 8 . 



166 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 

Et in furfure erapto pro porcis assandis, vj d . 

t in discis et siphis emptis, iiij d . 

Et in xiiij names (nc) ferreis emptispro carnibus per eosdem pendendis 
in coquina, viij d . 

Et in Galfrido Sconyng conducto ad faciendam quemdam (*iV) sepem 
vivaiu inter nova tenementa iacentia in vico vocato Nunneslane per xiij 
dies, ij ij d 

Et in Nicholao Toly conducto ad idem opus per x dies, \ \ i! . 

Et in virgis emptis pro ligatura bourn, j d . 

Et in una lagena olei empta pro lainpadibus ad ecclesiani Omnium 
Sanctorum, xvj d . 

Et in soopis emptis, iij d . 

Et in papiro et encausto cum pergameno emptis pro oompoto anni 
revoluti componendo et inscribendo, i.v 1 ob. 

Et solutum Willelmo Dale pro emendacione plumbi extendentis de 
fonte usque domum pandoxatorii per diveraas vices, iij" iiij d . 

Et in D cirpis emptis pro diversis domibus sternendis et reficiendis 
infra tempus compoti, ij' vj d . 

Et in castracione agnorum et porcellorum infra tempus predictum, x a . 

Et in Willelmo Broun et socio suo per ij dies conductis ad scindendas 
vites et illas erigendas, xij d . 

Et in clave vocata Spykyug empta ad idem opus, ij d . 

Et in j le Streynor empto, vj d . 

Et in ij skepp vocatis Skotell, iij d . 

Et in Ricardo Gardyner verberante fungaria per j diem, iij d . 

Et in ij duodenis cissoriorum emptis de Johanne Ball de Linea, viij' 1 . 

Et in quadam pecia meremii vocata a mast empta apud Lynne predic- 
tam pro una scala inde fienda, iiij 1 . 

Et in v ulnis vestis cannabee empte ibidem pro fungaribus inde 
cubandis, xiij d ob. 

Et in j lagena et dimidio olei de Raap empta apud Lynn predictam, cum 
j d precio unius olle terree pro eo oleo imponendo, xvj d . 

Et in una olla terrea vocata a Spensepott empta pro domo Refectorii, 
j d ob. 

Et in Thoma Kemp conducto ad carucandum per decem dies, x d . 

Et in Willelmo Malster laborante in Gardino et in aliis locis circa 
muros locis defectivis emendandos et in prato per xlvij dies et dimidium, 
capiente quolibet die ij d ad mensam domine, vij xj d . 

Et in Johanne Celehay conducto ad evacuandam et ad purgandam 
latrinam pro conventu in grosso, ij . 

Et in Johanne Speed per iiij or dies laborante in Gardino et circa 
facturam unius sepis circa partem clausi dominarum per v dies, x d . 

Et in j vase vocato a Tubbe empto de domina Alicia Grannfeld, viij d . 

Et in emendacione ij furcarum vocatarum Pyccheforkes, ij d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1450 1451. 167 

Et in quodam extraneo laborante in prato per j diem et dimidium, 
iij d . 

Et in iiij or instruments vocatis Weedhokys emptis, iiij d . 

Et in ligatura unius magni siphi vel disci vocati a Wasshyngboll, ij d . 

Et in ij paribus de les cardes emptis in foro, xix d . 

Et in j replegio prosecute versus Johannem Pygot de Abyngton 
Myshell (sic) pro tenemento domine Priorisse, pro utUitate domine et 
conventus, ij 8 iiij d . 

Et in Thoma Key ad emendanda rastra et scalam carettinam per 
iiij or dies, viij d . 

Et in Thoma Goodwyn laborante in coquina circa cibaria preparanda 
in festo Assumpcionis Beate Marie infra tempus compoti, iij d . 

Et solutum Johanne (sic) Preset, Ricardo Philypps et Ricardo Baker 
de Bernewell pro colleccione theolani (sic) in Nundinis Assumpcionis 
Beate Marie predictis, vj d . 

Et in j le Scopet empto, ij d . 

Et solutum pro excambio vasorum de stanno ad Nundinas de Steres- 
bridge, xj d . 

Et in quodam vase vocato a Cheerm empto apud Nundinas predictas 
pro butiro inde faciendo, x d . 

Et in veste linea empta de Johanne Ball de Linea pro mappis inde 
fiendis, iij ij d . 

Et in x Ib. smigmatis emptis apud Nundinas predictas, x d . 

Et in pomis acerbis vocatis crabbes emptis pro salsagio vocato 
vergewes cum vinis domine mixtulaiido inde fiendo, viij d . 

Et in iij Ib. piperis emptis apud Nundinas de Styresbridge, ij 8 . 

Et solutum pro agistamento animalium in marisco de Wevelyngham 
pasturatorum a festo Invencionis Sancte Crucis infra tempus compoti 
usque festum Michaelis extunc proximo sequens, iij 8 vj d . 

Et solutum Willelmo Judde de Sancto Ivone pro veste lanea ordinata 
pro liberatura serviencium domine in colorem viridem et blodium fundenda 
et facienda, ix 8 ix d . 

Et in discis et utensilibus de stanno emptis de domina Johanna 
Lancastre, iij 8 vj d . 

Et in ij petris vocatis Saltstones emptis pro domo columbaria, vj d ob. 

Et solutum Henrico Denesson et servienti suo per iiij or dies et 
dimidium facientibus j coopertorium pro plumbo infra Pandoxatorium 
scituato ac pro aliis laboribus indigentibus per mandatum domine 
Priorisse, iij 8 . 

Et in quadam cerrura (sic) cum clava (sic) ordinata pro portis vocatis 
feyregates, xij d . 

Et solutum ad pietanciam conventus die anniversarii Johannis Bronn 
defuncti, nuper ballivi ibidem, causa patente in compoto secundi armi 
precedeutis, ij 8 . 



168 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 

Et solutum domine Matilde Sudbury, sacriste ecclesie ibidem, ad orna- 
menta summi altaris, causa patente in compoto anni predict!, ij". 

Et solutum Willelmo Horneby pro cariagio clx segh de le Grenecroft 
usque Pandoxatorium, xvj d . 

Et in Ricardo Sexteyn, slawterman, mactante bestias ad coquinam et 
illas ad oommodum conventus preparandas, iiij 1 ij d . 

Et solutum Johanni Richemond pro factura cuiusdam le Stokk infra 
teuemeutum in quo Johannes Blakney inhabitat, cum emendacione certi 
herpici et lea Speers tenement! predict!, recognicione domine Priorisse, 
xij d 

Et solutum pro quarta parte quindecime per clerum et civitatem 
regni Anglie domino Regi concesse, xV 1 . 

Et in farina avene empta et liberata Johanni Wyllyamsson, bercario, 
v*. 

Summa vj u xvj j d ob. 

Et in xxx fungaribus etuptis apud Lynne per manus domine Johanne 

Lancastre ad staurum hospicii huius domus, V. 

JS* Et in *J cades allecum rubrorum (x x d ) et j cade de 

Sparlyng (xiij d ob.) emptis ibidem per manus predicte 
domine, xj xj d ob. 

Et in j quart j bus. salis emptis de Thoma Peye ad Nundinas Nativi- 
tatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste, precio bus. v d , iij" ix d . 

Et in j quart j. bus. et dimidio farine avene hoc anno ad hospicium 
emptis per diversas vices, bus. ad viij d , vj iiij d . 

Et in j bus. pisi viridis empto de Alicia Smalbon ad potagium inde 
fiendum, vj d . 

Et in j quart iij bus. pisi emptis ad seminandum et pro porcis 
MMiidin, precio bus. iij d , ij* ix d . 

Et in j quart iiij bus. de les Tares emptis, iij* v d . 

Et in Iviiij pulcinis emptis in foro diversis vicibus cum uno gallo 
(xvj d ) et iiij * gallinis, xj pullis emptis de Katerina Rolff, vj . 

Et in c clavis emptis ad staurum domus, xix d . 

Et in ij quart vj bus. frumenti emptis in foro, precio quart vj, 
xrjvj d . 

Summa lix ix d ob. 

Et in quadam caruca empta de Michaele Bowyer de Fulbourne, 
x 41 

Custiu caru- 

et caret- Et in cordula vocata Whipcord, j d . 

Et in emendacione ij carettarum vocatarum Dung- 
cartes, viij d . 

Et in les caretaves emptis de Rogero Hunte, ij d ob. 

Et in uno correo equino dealbando, ix d . 

Et in j ulna vestis linee empta pro emendacione coler* equinorum, iiij d . 

Et in filo empto ad idem opus, j d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 169 

Et in quodam de Haselyngfeld emendante hernes ad carettas et 
Caracas pertinens per ij dies, vij d . 

Et solutum Alicie Rooper pro vij les Reynes et ij paribus tractuum, xij d 

Et in Johanne Thommesson fugante et tenente carucam per vij septi- 
manas, capiente pro qualibet septimana ix d , v 8 iij d . 

Et in Ricardo Porter ad idem conducto per ij septimanas, xiiij d . 

Et solutum Waltero, ferrario, pro ferrura equorum, vomeribus et culturis 
punctandis et acuendis, ac pro les cartclowtes et aliis diversis ferramentis 
toto anno, x 8 . 

Summa xx? xj d ob. 

Et in stipendio Johannis Clerk et socii sui triturantium xxxiiij quart, 
vij bus. frumenti ad tascam, capientium pro quolibet 
vJ3f"* q^rt. iij",-viij. vitf* ob. 

Et in stipendio Thome Atkyn per xxxvij dies, Willelmi 
Malster per xxv dies, et Johannis Caylly per xvj dies triturantium fru- 
mentum, quolibet capiente per diem ij d ad mensam domine, xij 8 ij d . 

Et in predicto Johanne Clerk et socio suo triturantibus cccxj quart, vj 
bus. ordei, capientibus pro quolibet quarterio ij d , Ij 8 xj d ob. 

Et solutum Willelmo Malster et Katerine RoolfF pro granis portandis 
ventulandis et purgandis, xviij d ob. 

Et in Thoma Thressher conducto ad idem opus per vij dies et 
dimidium, xv 4 . 

Et solutum Johanni Stephen pro factura Ixx quart, brasei et Johanni 
Presot pro factura decem quart, brasei, capientibus pro quolibet quarterio 
v d ad tascum, xxxiij" iiij d . 

Summa cviij 8 xj d ob. 

Et in Thoma Atkyn daubante muros tenementi in quo Johannes 
Fann de Bernewell inhabitat, necnon emendante certos 
defectus muri infra istud monasterium, xvij d ob. 

Et in Johanne Thommesson conducto ad idem opus super teneinento 
predicto ac super tenemento in quo Henricus Forstalff inhabitat et super 
stabulo in tenura Johannis Kasou per xiij dies, ij 8 ij d . 

Et in Johanne Watesson conducto ad simile opus pro muris tenementi 
in le Precherche Strete per iij dies, vj d . 

Et in Henrico Denesson et Johanne Algore, carpentariis, conductis ad 
gruncillandum et ad preparandum les Studdes et Sparres, necnon ad 
erigendum in opere carpentrino le Gable ends tenementi in quo Johannes 
Fanne inhabitat cum meremio domine per xij dies, utroque capiente per 
diem vj d ad tascum, xij 8 . 

Et in meremio empto de Galfrido Hall ad opus predictum, xvj d . 

Et solutum prefato Henrico et servienti suo pro emendacione de le 
Poorche prope Aulam et pro erectione et cubacione de le Overvvey magni 
orrei tempore autumpuali, necnon pro sarracione certorum les Legges 
ordinatorum pro fonestris Aule per vj dies, inter se, ij 8 . 



170 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 

Et sola turn prefato Henrico Denesson pro final i factura in opere car- 
pentrino edificacionem (tic) duoruni tenementorum sub uno tectu 
iaceutium in venella vocata Nunneslane secundum convencionem suam in 
oompoto anni proxime precedentis specificatam, vj viij d . 

Et in canabo empto pro ligatiira niurorum tenementorum domine in 
Berne well locis indigent! bus per vices, vij d . 

Et in Ivj bunch virgarura emptanim pro lea Spyttes et Bynd- 
wytthes pro emendacione tenementorum domine prout opus urgebat, 
iiij" viij d . 

Et in xiij carettatis luti cariatis per Johannem Poket ad reparacionem 
tenementonim domine, ij" ij d . 

Et in duobus lea Sclatyours conductis ad emendandos certos defectus 
claustri per iij dies, utroque capiente per diem v 1 ad tascum, ij' vj d . 

Et in Johanne Egate eonducto ad emendandum et punctnndum cum 
tegulis et Sclate portecum prope Aulam et claustrum neciiou certos defectus 
tenementorum domine in vioo vocato Precherch Strete in quo (sic) Nicholas 
Burnefyge inhabitat per xx u dies, ad iiij d per diem et mensam suam, 
minus in toto j d , simul cum Nicholao Burnefyge (ix d ) eidem Johauni 
serviente per iij dies, vij" iiij d . 

Et in ccclx de les Sclate emptis de Ricardo Pyghtesley ad opus pro- 
dictum, iiijV 

Et in DOCLI clavis vocatis lathnayll (xv d ) cum iiij d solutis pro clavis 
ordinatis pro tenement is in le Precherch Strete, xix d . 

Et in ij fowder calcis vive emptis de Thoma Jamys de Hynton pro 
tenementis et domibus predictis, vj". 

Et in ij carectatis petrarum cum cariagio earundem emptis de prefato 
Thoma pro gruncill tenement! apud Bernewell in quo Johannes Fann 
iuhabitat subponendo, xvj d . 

Et in gumphis et vertinellis emptis de Johanne Smyth de Bernewell 
pro tenementis predictis, viij d . 

Et in OCOCLX de le Thak emptis de Johanne Bentley, precii xviij d , et 
ccc de Johanne Pacche, precii ij iij d , iij" ix d . 

Et in Willelmo Bronn et socio suo conductis ad emendandum murum 
terrenum propter tenementum domine in Walleslane i>er j diem, iij d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Egate eraendantis unam gutter infra tene- 
mentum in quo inhabitat per j diem, iiij' 1 . 

Et in ij bordis quercinis emptis ad Nundinas Nativitatis Sancti 
Johannis Baptiste infra tempus compoti pro coopertura muri cuiusdam 
tenementi vasti nunc in tenura Johannis Reedgrave, vj d . 

Et in iij bordis emptis de Thoma Brewer de Bernewell pro necessariis 
inde faciendis, vj d . 

Et in M arundinum emptarum de quodam homine de Welle pro re- 
paracione domorum, vidlt. aule, domus ordinate in brasiuin fundeudum, 
orrei et camere desuper portas exteriores huius monasterii, xiiij 8 . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 171 

Et in stipendio Johannis Cony de Welle predicta et servientis sui con- 
ductorum ad cooperiendum cum parcella arundinum predictarum domum 
tenement! in quo Thomas Brewer de Bernewell [inhabitat] locis defectivis 
per v dies, capientibus inter se vj d per diem, ij 8 vj d . 

Et in Johanne Lemman de Seynt Edmunds Bury conducto ad cooper- 
iendum cum arundine predicta certos defectus aule et aliarum domorum 
huius monasterii prout opus indigebat per Ix dies, capiente per diem iiij d 
ad mensam domine, xx 8 . 

Et in uno laborario eidem serviente per totidem dies ad ij d per diem, x 8 . 

Et in Roberto Kayle de Bottesham cooperiente cum stramine certos 
defectus tenementi in quo Johannes Stanlowe inhabitat et defectus stabuli 
in tenura Thome Careaway per iiij or dies, xvj d . 

Et in uxore Nicholai Burnefyge per tot dies, xij d . 

Et in meremio empto ad Nundinas de Stiresbridge pro emend acione 
magni orrei, vidlt. vij cowple de les Sparres et iij aliis magnis peciis 
quercinis, vij 8 . 

Et in iiij or ceruris pendulis emptis, vj d . 

Et in j cerura cum clave empta pro novo tenemento iacente in vico 
vocato Nunneslane in quo Johannes Shepperd inhabitat, iij d . 

Et in bordis emptis de domina Matilda Sudbury pro ostiis et fenestris 
novi tenementi in Nunneslane predicti, xij d . 

Et in Thoma Myleham cooperiente cum stramine et solo quemdam 
murum terrenum inter tenementum Johannis Sex[teyn ?] et mansiouem 
ipsius Thome Myleham per con[vencionem 1] in grosso, iij 8 . 

Summa vj u iij 8 j d ob. 

Et in bitumine empto cum le Pycche hoc anno pro bidentibus sig- 

Custu. Falde Dandis 6t un g endis > ' "U d - 

Et in iij bu8 duodenis clatrorum emptis hoc anno, 
iiij 8 viij d . 

Et in bidentibus hoc anno lavandis et tondendis, ij 8 iij d . 

Summa ix 8 iij d . 

Et solutum domine Priorisse et toto (sic) conventui pro vestura hoc 
Vetura domi- anno, ut in annis precedentibus, Ixvj 8 viij d . 
** m Summa Ixvj 8 viij d . 

Et solutum domine Johanne Lancastre in plenam solucionem debiti 

Debita soiuta 8ui) ut ex le g acione Petri Erle nu P er defuncti, vij 8 iiijd. 

Et solutum Thome James de Hynton pro calce ab eo 
empta annis preteritis in plenam soluoionem, xx d . 

Et solutum Edmundo Wyghton in plenam solucionem debiti sui, 
vj 8 viij d . 

Et solutum Willelmo Crook, capellano, pro antique debito in plenam 
solucionem, ix 8 . 

Et domine Agneti Swaffham, Suppriorisse, in partem solucionis v 8 sibi 
debitorum, iij 8 iiij d . 



172 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1450 1451. 

Et solutum Johanni Pygott de Abyngton in plenam aolucionem cuius- 
dam redditus resoluti pro diversis aim is a retro existcntis, xxiiij". 
Et aolutum Willelmo Stam-ly ft', fuller, pro veteribus debitia, ij ix d . 
Et solutum domino Johanne Lancaatre in partem soluciouis maioris 
summe, vj viij d . 

Sin M ma Iviij^ v d . 

Et aolutuni Willelmo Rogger et aliia in foro pro cornibus bovinis, 
porciuia, ovinia, vituliuia, porcellinia, gallinia, pulcinis, ovia, 
butiro et piacibua reoencibua et marinis emptis per diem ad 
hoapicium infra tempua oompoti, una cum pane et cerviaia, 
ultra quod furmeutatum et pandoxatum eat infra hoapiciuin, ut ]iarcellatim 
in quodam libro papiri super hunc oompotum examinato aperte patet, 

X jM XV j yd O k 

Et in ij barellis oerviaie vucate penyale emptia ad hoapicium una vice 
infra tempua cornpoti, xviij d . 

Summa xj u xviij" xj d ob. 

Et datum iiij * preoonibua maioria ville Cantebr. pro eorum oblacione 
DODO dau erga f(86tum Nativitatia Domini, ij iij d . 

Et datum aliia certia peraonia, vidlt. Thome Key (iiij d ), 
Johanne Oraungyer (v 41 ) [ ] Brewer, Johanni Eversdon, (iiij' 1 ), Agneti 

Marche (ij d ), Roberto Page (j d ), Johanni Knyght (j d ), Johanni Slybre (j d ), 
Diouiaie, yerdwomuian, (j d ), Emme Tayllor, nuper malatar, (j d ), Johanni 
Wyllyameason, bercario, Ricardo Sexteyn (x d ), Aviaie Baaaet (j d ), Emme 
Kyng, cum x d datia certia iiauperibua nuper in gwerria doniiui Rngk 
laborantibua, iij* xj d . 

Et datum Thome Burgoyn ut in precio v capouum emptonun in foro, 
xx d ob. 

Et in veate linea cmpta pro donia erga festum Nativitatis Domini, ij 1 . 
Et datum cuatodi ecclesie Omnium Sanctorum ad fabricam unius 
fenestro vitree, iiy d . 

Et datum Florencie Power et aorori sue (viij d ), uni carucariorum (ij d ), 
aliia certia peraonia (xvj d ) pro mandate domine et aervienti Johannia 
Preaot (iiij d X y' vj d . 

Et datum et diatributum inter pauperea die Gene, ij' j d . 

Summa xiiij" ix d ob. 

Et in xij paribua cirothecarum emptia pro diveraia conduct!* in 
Autumpno, xviij d . 

Et in di versis laborariia conductia ad falcandaa, uuandaa, 
ligaudaa, in mullionea colligendan et erga carettas preparan- 
daa Ixv acraa ordei, ad taacam, capieutibua pro qualibet acra xij d , ultra 
xxvj acras falcataa per conductoa per diem, ut sequitur de uominibua 
unacum diebua, Ixv*. 

Et in stipend io Johannia By de Haaelyngfeld \yer ij diea (xij' 1 ), Stephani 
Sheue de Welle per ix diea (iiij" vj d ) et Ricardi Whyte per j diem et dim. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 173 

(ix d ) conductis ad falcandum ordeum ad mensam domine, quolibet capiente 
per diem vj d , vj 8 iij d . 

Et in Johanne Tayllor conducto ad colligendum ordeum in garbas post 
falcacionem et super ligamina ponendum per ix dies, capiente per diem ij d 
ob., et Thoma Key ad idem opus conducto, capiente per diem iij d , ij 8 x d ob. 

Et in certis laborariis conductis ad metendas, unandas, ligandas et erga 
carettas preparandas xxxiiij acras, ij rodas frumenti, ad tascum, capientibus 
pro qualibet acra xij d , xxxiiij 8 vij d , ob. 

Et in Ricardo Poket de Bernewell per iiij or dies, Johanne Trumpyngton 
per iiij or dies, utroque capiente per diem xx d , et Johanne Stevenson de 
Bernewell per iiij or dies ad xix d per diem, cariantibus ordeum cum carettis 
suis, xix 8 vj d . 

Et in stipendio Ricardi Whyte conducto ad carettas onerandas per 
ix em dies, iij 8 . 

Et in Ricardo Philypp (xiij 8 iiij d ) et Thoma Key (vj 8 viij d ) conductis 
ad omnimoda opera autumpnalia facienda per totum tempus autumpni, xx s . 

Et in Willelmo Malstar per decem dies et servienti Thome Lemman per 
xvj dies conductis ad furcandas et levandas garbas ad carettas onerandas, 
utroque capiente per diem iij d , vj 8 vj d . 

Et in Thoma Atkyn falcante j acram et dim. de leBolymong ad tascum, 
xij d . 

Et in Roberto Walton falcante et erga carettas preparante j acram 
j rodam et dim. pisi ad tascum, xj d . 

Summa viij 11 xvj d . 

Et solutum ut in regardo dato Johanni Gyrton pro bono consilio suo 
domine impenso et in posterum impendendo in diversis 
materiis, et specialiter in quodam replegio prosecute versus 
Johannem Pygot de Abyngton, xx d . 

Et in expensis apud Bernewell (ij d ob.) super carpentarios operantes 
infra tenementum in quo Johannes Fanne inhabitat, per dominam Johan- 
nam Lancastre, unacum expensis Thome Key (xvij d ob.) apud Abyngton, 
Litlyngton, Whaddon, Crawden, Bumpsted et Cantebrigiam in negotiis 
domine, et pro redditu levando, ac pro empcione meremii ad Nundinas de 
Stiresbridge, necnon pro feriagio unius barelli et dim. allec albi, ij cades 
allec rubri, ij cades de le Sparlyng, j qrt. fungaris et unius pecii meremii 
vocati a Maste ordinata pro quadam scala inde fienda (ij 8 iiij d ), simul 
cum feriagio domine Johanne Lancastre, domine Margarete Metham, 
Thome Key et Elene Herward de Linea predicta usque Cantebr. cum 
companagio earundem (ij" viij d ), viij 8 . 

Summa ix 8 viij d . 

Et in vcc terricidis emptis de Johanne Fydde de Waterbech hoc anno, 

sumptus Foca- g t m DCLX (j e les g e gh emptis ad domum brasei et 
pistrinum, precio centene xviij d , viij 8 iij d . 



174 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 

Et in c les Segh emptis ad opus prcdictum, ij'. 

Et in cc fagottis emptis de Willelmo Kannowe de Dullyngham, xvj". 

Summa xxxvj' vij d . 

Et in salario fratris Symonis Hemyngton, confessoris dominanim, hoc 
anno, ut frater Robertas Palmer defunctiis percipere con- 

Jiti 1 * ' 8Uevit > YJ" vii J d - 

Et in salario magistri Johannis Herryson celebrantis 
mi Mi n i pro dominabus per totum annum, c*. 

Et solutum Johanni Peresson, capellano celebranti in eoclesia Sancti 
Audree, apostoli, per vices, ij" iiij d . 

Et in stipeuiiio clerici ecclesie ibidem per annum, xiij 1 iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Thome Key colligentis redditus in Cantebr. et jmtria, 
hoc anno ut in auuis preoedentibus, xiij' iiij a . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Cademan, pistoris et pandoxatoris, hoc anno, 
xxvj' viy d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Eversdon conducti ad carucandum hoc anno, 
xxyf viy d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Wyllyammesson, bercarii ibidem, hoc anno, 
xxvj- viij d . 

Et in stipendio Roberti Page, carucarii, per tempus predictum, xvj'. 

Et in stipendio Johannis Slybre, carucarii, per idem tempus, xiij' iiij d . 

Et in stipendio Johannis Knyght, alius carucarii, per supradictum 
tempus, x*. 

Et in stipendio Roberti Pykkell, bubulci, hoc anno, cum vj d sibi con- 
oeasis in regardo, vij' ij d . 

Et in stipendio Eiume Tayllor conducte ad vertendum, operandum et 
siocandum brasium hoc anno, vj* viij d . 

Et in stipendio Johanne Qraunger, pincernarie domine, cum iij' sibi 
datis in reganlo pro officio Purvis domine, et cum vj* viij d pro toga 
sua, xx*. 

Et in stipendio Agnetis Marche conducte ad omnimoda opera, lactagii 
vaccarum, facture casei et butiri et alia opera opportuna et neceesaria 
facienda hoc anno, viij'. 

Et in stipendio Elizabeth Chaterys, alius ancille domine, ut in vestitura 
sua linea ac lanea ac calciamentis, infra tempus compoti, ij' viij d ob. 

Et in stipendio Dionisie, yerdewomman, per vices occupantis officia 
coci et alia opera indigentia hoc anno, vj' viij' 1 . 

Summa xv u vj 1 ij d ob. 

Summa omnium allocacionum et solucionum, Ixxij 1 ' vj' iiij d q. Et 
debet cviij* vij d q. ad quos oneratur de xx' receptis de executoribus 
Ricardi Busshe, nuper defimcti, pro redditu per ipsum retracto pro diversis 
annis, antea non oneratis. Summa debiti coniuncta, vj u viij' vij d q. 
Et oneratur plus de vj d , precio ij caponum venditorum, ut extra. Et sic 
modo debet vj u ix" j d q. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14501451. 175 

Unde super 

Ricardum Wheetley de Bernewell propter redditum per ipsum debitum 
pro anno proxime precedente, v s . 

Willelmum Rogger de Cant, pro j tenemento in stallagio, tarn pro hoc 
anno quam pro iij bu8 annis proxime precedentibus, per annum xij d , ultra 
xij d inde annuatim receptos, iiij 8 . 

Eundem Willelmum pro j gardino in vico vocato le Precherch Strete 
pro consimilibus annis, per annum ij 8 , viij 8 . 

Johannem Barbor pro redditu exeunte de tenemento vocato le facoun 
in le Petykeuri pro tot annis xiiij 8 vij d , Iviij 8 iiij d . 

Dominam Margaretam Huntyngdon pro j tenemento vocato le Sword, 
tarn pro hoc anno quam pro ij bu8 annis proxime precedentibus, per annum 
vj", ultra xx d inde levatos uno anno tantum, xvj 6 iiij d . 

Magistrum Johannem Honythorne pro uno gardino iuxta Bartonescroft, 
tam pro hoc anno quam pro tribus annis proxime precedentibus, per 
annum ij 8 , viij 8 . 

Magistrum Domus Sancti Johannis Evangeliste pro j tenemento in 
parochia Sancti Edwardi pro consimilibus anuis, per annum iiij 8 vi d , 
xviij'. 

Ricardum Bushee pro j tenemento ex opposite ecclesie Beate Marie 
pro totidem annis, per annum xij d , iiij 8 . 

Ricardum Wryght pro j tenemento nuper Johannis Essex, sadeler, pro 
tot annis, per annum xij d , iiij - . 

Predictum Magistrum Domus Sancti Johannis Evangeliste pro j tene- 
mento iuxta cimiterium ecclesie parochialis Sancti Sepulcri in veteri 
Judaismo pro consimilibus annis, per annum xx d , vj 8 viij d . 

Johannem Belton pro j tenemento iacente iuxta tenementum domine 
Priorisse pro tot annis, per annum vj 8 viij d , xxvj 8 viij d . 

Magistrum Ricardum Pyghtesley pro j tenemento nuper Willelmi 
Burtones pro tot annis, per annum ij 8 , viij 8 . 

Magistrum et Scolares Collegii Sancti Benedicti, Cantebr., pro j 
tenemento quondam Gybelottes, pro tot annis, per annum ij 8 ij d , 
viij 8 viij d . 

Thomam Lolleworth pro j tenemento in quo inhabitat pro tot annis, 
per annum ij 8 , viij 8 . 

Johannem Neell pro uno orto cum j orreo nuper Hugonis Canesby pro 
tot annis, per annum xij d , iiij 1 . 

Johannem Leccham pro j tenemento in le Precherch Strete pro ultima 
medietate anni secundi preteriti, xx d . 

Robertum Mildenhale de Cantebr., ut de precio ij caponum tam pro 
hoc anno quam pro duobus annis proxime precedentibus, per annum 
vj d , xviij d . 

Johannem Croft pro uno parlar prope Pilateslane tam pro hoc anno 
quam pro ij 1 *" annis proxime precedentibus, per annum vj d , xviij d . 



176 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14811482. 

Radul j >hnni Attefeld pro uno tenement o in parochia Beate Marie, ultra 
ij inde levatos, per annum iiij", et detenios pro consimilibus annia, xij. 

Et sic ista eadem computans habet in superplusagiis hoc anno 
lxxv ij d ob. q. 



EDWARD IV, 2122, i.e. 14811482. 

Compotus Domine Johanne Key, Receptoris Generalis 
iioni- D mus Sancte Radcgundis, Cant, et eiusdem loci 



* Conventus, a festo Pentecostes Anno Regis E. iiij u 

xx jmo U8 q ue i,, festum Annunciacionis Beate Marie Virginia 
extuDC proxime sequentem (sic) Anno predicto Regis supra- 
dicti, ut per iij quarterios Anni 

Arreragia nulla quia primus annus dicte computantis. 
Set respondet de lx* iij d percept, de redditibus assise diversorum 
tenencium domine infra villain Cant per tempus com- 
poti. 

vj u xiiij" j d de consimilibus redditibus assise diversonim tenencium 
hoc anno in patria, viz. pro termino Nativitatis Sancti Johaimia Baptiste 
solut ad terminoB manerii usuales equaliter. 

iiij u rocept de Priore de Bemewell pro decimis Sancti Egidii, Cant 
xv* recept de aliis diversis personis j>er tempus compoti. 
Ixvij* ob. percept de con.siinililMis redditibus et firmis diversonim Coll- 
egiorum ac aliorum tenencium infra villain Cant., viz. pro termino Sancti 
Michaelis Archangel! per dictum tempus compoti. 

iiij" xj" de redditibus assise infra villam Cant predicte pro termino 
Sancti Michaelis predict!. 

Et de c" iij d de redditibus assise diversonim tenencium, tarn in patria 
quam alibi, solut ad iiij** anni terminos manerii usuales annuatim. 

Si in in ia xxvij u viij" ob. 

Et respondet de xx recept de Ricardo Woodcok pro communibus ij 
filiarum dicti Ricardi ut per [Manl-] septimanas iuxta per 
septimanam [blank]. 

Et de vj s vj d recept pro communibus Johanne Tyler 
per tempus compoti. 

xx" in quodam regardo domine Priorisse et monialium ibidem per 
Rectorem de Over ex sua elimosina dato. 
x" in consimili regardo per W. Roger dato. 

yj vj d in quodam regardo per Johannem Smyth de Bury Sancti 
Edmund! dato. 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14811482. 177 

Et de x- de consimili dono Magistri Willelmi Dak per tempus compoti. 

Summa Ixxiij 8 ij d . 

Et ista idem (sic) computans respondet de xiiij 8 recept. de Thoma Ball 
vendicio Feni de Cant > ut in P recio carectate feni sic per prefatam compu- 
tantem per tempus compoti, ut extra, venditi. 

Summa xiiij 8 . 

Summa totalis recepte xxxj u xv s viij d ob. 
E quibus iste idem (sic) computans allocator de xv s et ij caponibus in 

redditu resoluto Mortymeres. 
red*5?um m xiii J 8 iiJ J d ob - in consimili redditu resoluto Maiori et 

ballivis ville Cant, pro le heygable. 
vij 8 in redditu resoluto annuatim Priori de Bernewell. 
vj 8 in consimili redditu resoluto Thome Lovell. 
iij 8 vij 8 ob. pro redditu resoluto Thome Cotton. 
iij 8 iiij d solut. Priori Eliensi. 
xij d vice-comiti Cant. 
xij d solut. Johanni Skarlett. 

iiij d in consimili redditu resoluto Rectori Sancti Benedicti. 
xvj d solut. Collegio Corporis Xti, Cant. 
iij d solut. Waltero Tmmpyton. 
et de xij d in redditu resoluto Thome Pygott. 

Summa liiij 8 iij d . 

Et petit allocari ut pro diversis acatis recentibus, una cum stauro vivo 

Custus Hospicii et mor * uo ' e * u l tra pisces salsos et duros ibidem per tempus 

compoti ad diversa precia empt. et in hospicio domine 

expend., ut per [blank] septimanas, quarum (sic) parcelle et summe eorun- 

dem in Jurnali hospicii predicti plenarie expressantur et sufficienter 

testantur (sic). 

Summa vij u xiiij 8 vj d ob. 
Et solut. inde vj 8 viij d solut. (sic) Thome Brampton, armigero, ut in 

precio ij. quart, brasii de eo empt. 
sfcuLrf 1 * 10 iij 8 iiij d , ut de precio unius quart, brasii empt. de 

Magistro Roberto Parys, armigero. 

ij 8 Vicario de Abyugton ut de precio iiij bus. brasii de eo empt., una 
cum aliis de diversis personis ad hospicium domine empt., quarum parcelle, 
summe et nomina eorundem in Jurnali hospicii in parcellis expressantur 
et plenarie testantur, iiij u vj d . 

et in iij vaccis cum eorum (sic) vitulis, una cum tractibus, cordis, crat- 
ibus, faldis et aliis necessariis ad husbondriam empt., ut in sepedicto 
Jurnali plene legitur, Ixxiiij 8 viij d . 

Summa vij u xv s ij d . 

Et computat in Thoma Payn, Willelmo Tomson, Michaele Savage et aliis 
laboratoribus ibidem hoc anno per tempus compoti tempore 

Custus Autumpni _ .. .... _ .. . 

autumpnah conductis ad falcandum, ligandum, metendum, 
C. A. S. Octavo Series. 12 



178 ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 14811482. 

cariandum ei tassandum, tam infra monialo quani extra, prout in Jurnali 
huius hospicii particulariter in parcellis expreasantur ct nominatim nonii- 
nantur. 

Summa cix' ij d . 

t oomputat allocari, viz. in ij warp, de lyngftyssh, ij wari>es piscium 

salaorum, ij bus. salis, ocxl clavis fenvis, papin ac perga- 

meiu's una cum aliis neoeeaariis ibidem j>cr tcmpus compoti, 

ad nundinaa de Storebrege, ei ad uuudiuas Sancte Ethel- 

drede Virginia ad hoapiciuni domine empt prout in sepedicto Jurnali 

hospicii in parcellis de reoordo patet 

Summa xlvj' j d . 

Et computat solvisse xviij d ut in prccio unius caruoe empt. de Willelmo 
Dey. 

viij' solut. pro ferramento equorum domine, una cum 
amendacione tocius apjviratus ad husbondriam pertinentis 
et aliia necessariis per dictum tcmpus com(x>ti ad husbondriam empt., 
[trout in antedicto Juruali hospicii predict! paroellatim expressantur et 
sufficients tostantur. 

Summa xvj g x 4 . 

Et oomputat de xxxj* iiij d solut. pro diversis reparacionibus ibidem 
per tempus compoti infra Eocleeiam factis et appo- 
ia. 

xxix" viij d in consimih'bus reparacionibus apud Berne- 
well factis et appoaitia. 

et cum v* xj d in diversis reparacionibus per tempus compoti predict! 
intra villain Cant factis, prout in sepedicto Juruali hospicii predicti in 
parcellis plenarie expressantur. 

Summa lxvj xj d . 

Et computat de v in parte stipendii magistri Upgayte, capellani ; xx d 
de parte stipendii domini Thome Kent, capellani ; xx 1 pro 
JJj ' consimili stipendio magistri Malett, capellani ; viij* iiij d pro 

stipendio magistri Roberti Burton, capellani ; xx a pro con- 
simili stipendio magistri Pek ; ix* pro stipendio clerici et collectoris deci- 
marum garbarum tempore autumpnali ; iij" ij d pro parte stipendii Thome 
Baker; xv* vj d de consimili atipendio Qeorgii Geyr per tempus compoti ; 
x* pro atipendio pastoris ; iij' j d pro stipendio Willl Plowman, conducti 
ad husbondriam ; v* ij d pro stipendio pyncerne per tria quarteria ; ij' iij' 1 
in stipendium coci; xx' pro stipendio Vicarii Omnium Sanctorum; viij' 1 
pro parte stipendii Johannis Wright; et cum x d pro parte stipeiidii 
Willelmi Tomson ; una cum aliis stipendiis et regardis per dominam datis, 
prout in Jurnali hospicii domus predicte plenarie expressautur et sufficienter 
tajtentur. 

Summa vij u xv' xj d . 



ACCOUNTS OF THE NUNNERY, 1481 1482. 179 

Et computat allocari de lx 8 solut. Willelmo Pychard ut in precio 

t xj quart, ordei per tempus compoti empt. 

aiiorum grano- xv 8 de consimilibus denariis solut. Waltero Sergeaunt 
ut in precio quinque quart, aveuarum de eodem per dictum 
tempus compoti empt. 

vj 8 x d solut. Willelmo Barnard ut in precio ij quart, pisi. 
xj d ut in precio ij bus. vesse empt. 

Summa iiij H ij 8 ix d . 

Summa omnium expensarum et liberatorum Ivij 11 v 8 iiij d ob. Et sic 
ista eadem computans habet in superplusagiis xxv 11 ix s viij d . 



122 



GLOSSARY TO THE NUNNERY ACCOUNTS. 



[Cath. Angl. - Cat hoi icon Anglicum, ed. Heritage: P. P. = Promptorium 
Parrulortim, ed. Way : both in Camden Society's Publications. N. E. D. =New 
English Dictionary.] 



A cat urn, a thing purchased (L. L. ad- 

captatum, Fr. achfttr), especially 

provisions 
Agistamentnm, agistmont, the sum 

paid (or grazing cattle in other 

men's fields 
Allec (alleoes), herrings : alltc rufcum. 

red herrings 

Allocatio, a change in an account 
Auuiversarinm, the anniversary of a 

deceased benefactor 
Argilla, clay 
Arreragia, arrears 
Assare, to roast 
Assise. Bedditus, rent of land let for a 

fixed sum of money 
Autumpnns, harvest 
A vena (a venae), oats 
Axare, to fit the axle of a cart to the 

wheel 

Barellnm, a barrel 

Bercarins, a shepherd 

Bladum, corn, L. L. nb-latum, Fr. blf 

Blodins, blue (Cath. Angl.) 

Bolymong, Harrison's Description of 
England, Bk. I. ch. 18, mixed corn, 
tares and otes, which they call 
bulmong ' 

BrasiuiB, malt 

Breve, a writ 

Bultell, a sieve, sieve-cloth 

Bunches, bundles (of rods) 



Bnsellus, a bushel 

Bntumen, either (1) clay used in mak- 
ing mud walls: 'Dawber or cley- 
raann, argillariu*, bittuniiHirius ' 
(P. P.) : cp. trryng : or (2) tar, used 
with pycche for marking sheep 

Byndwytthes, osiers serving to ' bind ' 
the plaster in a stud-wall 

Cade, a barrel of herrings holding six 
gnat hundreds of six score each. 
(N. E. D.) 

Calce* equine, horse- shoes 

Calibs, steel 

Caligae, hose (P. P.) 

Calx viva or adhusta, quicklime 

Canabea vestis, canvas 

Candel, wax &c., used for making into 
caudles (candelae) 

Canobum, hemp used to bind clay walls 

Capistrum, a halter or headstall 

Gardes, teasels used in combing wool 

Carecta, caretta, a cart 

Carectata, a cart-load 

Cariagium, carriage by land, opposed 
loferiagium, carriage by water 

Cariare, to carrry corn 

Carstaves, i.e. cart-staves (for the spell- 
ing cp. carsaddle in Jamieson), cart- 
shafts (N. E. D.) : Prof. Skeat in the 
Glossary to his edition of the Tale 
of Oamelyn says ' Perhaps a staff to 
support the shafts of a cart. ' 



GLOSSARY. 




181 



Cartclowtes, clouts of iron for cart- 
wheels : ' A clowte of yrne, crusta, 
crustaferrea' (Cath. Angl.) 

Caruca, a plough 

Gene Domine, Dies, Maundy Thursday 

Cerura, i.q. serrura, a lock 

Cheerm, a churn 

Cilicinus pannus, hair cloth for the 
malt-kiln 

Ciphus, i.q. scyphus, a cup or bowl 

Cirothecae, reapers' gloves 

Cirpi, i.q. scirpi, rushes 

Cissorium, i.q. scissorium, a trencher 
(P. P.) 

Clati, Clatri, i.e. clathri, hurdles used 
for sheep pens 

Clavi, nails 

Coleres equini, horse collars 

Communae, commons, allowance of 
food 

Companagium, any kind of food save 
bread : in the Accounts 1450-1 it 
appears to mean food taken by a 
company travelling together 

Coopertorium, covering 

Corrium, a hide 

Crabbes, crab apples used in making 
verjuice 

Cubare, Cubacio, to lay, laying : used 
of (1) the laying of the Overway of 
the Great Barn, (2) the laying of 
stockfish in layers upon canvas, 
(3) the 'laying' of sharp or pointed 
instruments, i.e. the repairing of 
them by placing fresh iron or steel 
on them. 'Pro le layng securium' 
&c. Finchale Glossary 



Cultura, the coulter of a plough 



Daubare, to daub, i.e. make walls of 

clay: vide 'Dawber ' in P. P. 
Dealbare, to whiten hides by drying 

and bleaching : leather so treated was 

called Whyteledr 
Denarii, silver money 
Devolare, ' to flit, ' used of a fraudulent 

tenant 

Dietam, per, from day to day 
Dimittere, to let on lease 
Domina, dame, the title given to a 

Nun and especially to the Prioress 
Dominican's, Terra, demesne land 

Encaustum, ink 

Excambium, exchange 

Extra, ut, refers to the accounts of 
the Grange which were written on 
the reverse side of the Compotus roll 

Facoun, le, the Falcon Inn in Petty 

Cury 

Fagottum, a faggot 
Falda, a sheepfold 
Feriagium, carriage by water 
Ferrarius, a blacksmith 
/ Ferrura, smith's work 
Feyregates, the gates admitting from 

Nunneslane to the fair held in the 

Churchyard 

Firma, rent derived from land 
Firmarius, a farmer 
Flebotomacio, the blooding of horses, 

an annual ceremony on S. Stephen's 

day (Dec. 26) * 



1 Compare Tusser's Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry (ed. Mavor, 
1812), p. 62: 

Ere Christmas be passed let horse be let blood: 
For many a purpose it doth them much good. 
The day of St Stephen old fathers did use : 
If that do mislike thee some other day use. 

For a fuller account of this ceremony see Barnabe Googe's translation of 
Kirchmaier's Popular and Popish Superstitions and Customs (1553) in the New 
Shaksp. Soc. Publications. 



<;i.HSSAKY. 



Fleiyngbolle, a skimming bowl 
Fooalia, fuel (sedge, peat or faggots) 
Fons, the Nunnery well 
Powder, a measure of lime, Ac. 
Fngare, to drive cattle or hones 
Fundere, to steep (1) in dyeing, (2) in 

malting 

Fungare, explained in Dacange as 
doliolum, cadut. In the Nans' Ac- 
counts it means 'stockfish,' other- 
wise hard fish ' or Wynterfyssh.' 
It was either cod or ling. It was 
kept in the Staurus in layers laid on 
canvas, and on account of its tough- 
ness required to be beaten before it 
was used (' verberante fungaria ' in 
Accounts of 1450-1) : it is said to 
have derived its name from ihcttock 
on which it was beaten. Co nip. 
Cat*. Angl. ' Stokfyche ; funffia,' 
and Mr Heritage's note thereon. 



Garba decirnalis, a tithe 

Gardinum, a garden 

Qersnma, a sum paid by a tenant on 
the entry of a lease : A. 8. gaertum, 
treasure 

Granatorinm, the Garner, where corn 
was kept after thrashing 

Grangia, a barn 

Gnmcill, in carpentry, the beam laid 
along the ground for the rest of the 
work to stand on.' Architectural 
Hittory, Vol. ra., glossary. 

Gumphus, i.e. yo^uf^t : the iron hook 
on which a hinge turns. ' A crake 
of a dore, gtimphut.' Cath. Angl. 

Guttera, a gutter 

Gwerra, war 

Hagable, heygable, an annual payment 
(originally to the sheriff, later to the 
mayor and bailiffs) for each messuage 
occupied within the borough limits 

Hames, qy ? for fount*, hooks 

Hernes, harness 

Herpicum, a harrow 



Hersyve, a hair sieve 

Horsetree, Prof. Skeat informs me that 
in the Eastern Counties this is the 
name of the swingle-tree, i.e. a bar 
behind a horse to whioh a field im- 
plement is attached by chains 

Hospicium, (1) an inn : hospioio 
vocato le Booll,' the Bull Inn : (2) 
the chambers in the Nunnery used 
by guests and other lay persons 

Hostium, i.q. ostium, a door 

leruca, a goad. ' Gad, or gode, gertua, 

tcutica ' (P. P.) 

Indigentes labores, necessary work 
Infra, generally = infra 

Ky inly n, a shallow tub, or vat, used in 
brewing 

Laborarius, a labourer 

Lache, a latch 

Lagena, a gallon 

Lathnayll, nails used for fastening 
laths to studs 

Lavacrum, a basin 

Legges, window ledges (or perhaps 
bars), made of wood 

Levare, to ' lift ' rent, corn, Ac. 

Liberare, to give to a servant any- 
thing of the nature of food or clothing 

Liberatura, clothing delivered to ser- 
vants at stated periods, livery 
/ Ligatura, fastening clasps on a book 

Loppare, to lop trees 

Lote, a wooden skimmer 

Marisca, a marsh, fen 

Mast, fir poles brought from Norway 
were generally called ' masts ' : the 
place where they were kept was some- 
times called the ' mast house ' (Dur- 
ham WilU Ac. Surtees Soc. Publ.) : 
a mast purchased at Lynn to make 
a ladder 

Maundy sylver, the name of one of the 
Nuns' estates at Madingley, the rent 
of which furnished the dole to the 



GLOSSARY. 



183 



poor on Maundy Thursday. The 
sum so provided, 30 d , represented 
the thirty pieces of silver. For the 
monastic ceremony on the occasion 
see the Rites of DurJiam (Surtees 
Society), pp. 66, 67 

Melesyve, a meal sieve 

Mensam, ad, including ' table,' or pro- 
visions found by the employer 

Heremium, Maeremium, timber used 
in building 

Mulliones, mows of barley 

Napry, includes tablecloths, napkins 

(mappae), towels (manutergia), &c. 
Nundinae, a fair 

Oblacio, Christmas gift to the waits 
Obstupare, to stop, retain; used of 

money in hand and not brought 

to account 

Onerare, to charge as a receipt 
Overwey, a loft in the barn 
Oxbowes, yokes for oxen: 'Oxbowe 

that gothe about his necke, collier 
de beuf (Palsgrave) 

Pandoxator, a brewer 

Pandoxatorium, the Brew House 

Parlare, i. q. Parlura, a parlour 

Patria, the neighbourhood of Cam- 
bridge 

Pellis lauuta, a fell, sheepskin with 
the wool on it 

Penyale, cheap ale sold at a penny 
a gallon. See Prof. Skeat on Piers 
Plowman, passus 5, 1. 220 

Perhendinantes; visitors to the Nun- 
nery who paid for their board 

Petrae, brought from Hinton, evi- 
dently clunch stone 

Pietancia, a pittance, an augmentation 
of commons provided by bene- 
factions 

Pikewall, a gable : ' Pikewall or gabyl, 
murus conalis, piramis vel pirami- 
dalis ' (P. P.) 



Pincerna, Pincernaria, a female ser- 
vant who controlled the Spense or 
Buttery 

Pinnfald, a sheep-fold or pen 

Pipa, a leaden pipe 

Pipe, a cask or tub 

Pisces duri, stockfish, opposed to salted 
fish 

Pistrinum, the Bake House 

Plumbum, a copper (anciently called 
a ' lead ') used in the Brew House 

Potagium, soup 

Pre manibus, a sum in ready money, 
opposed to a reserved rent; see 
gersuma 

Precones, the town waits 

Profucua, profits 

Pulcinus, a chicken 

Punctare, to point with tiles or slate, 
i.e. to fill up holes in masonry 

Punctura vomeris, the point of the 
share 

Purvis, a servant who acted as pur- 
veyor, provisor 

Quindecima, a subsidy of one fifteenth 

Baap, rape, from which oil is ex- 
tracted 

Kedditus, a rent : redditus resolutus, 
a quit rent 

Beder, one who deals in reeds (used 
for walls and roofs) 

Begardum, a reward, gift 

Bentale, a rent book 

Beplegium, a writ of replevin 

Salsagium, pickle (verjuice) 

Saltstones, food for pigeons : see the 
Arch. Hist. Vol. in. p. 593 

Sanctorum, i.e. Legenda Sanctorum 

Sarculare, to weed 

Sarrare, to saw wood 

Sclat, slate, distinguished from tegulae, 
tiles. In the Accounts of 1450-1 
360 sclates are recorded to have 
been bought from Ric. Pyghtesley, 



L84 



the possessor of Tyled Hostel, which 
was bought by Henry VI. and trans- 
ferred to King's Hall in 1449. The 
Hostel was roofed with tilt* (see the 
quotation from Dr Caius in Arch. 
Hi*t. ii. p. 426) 

Scopae, a besom 

Scopet, a scoop or shovel 

Scutella, Skotell, a hollow basket, 
A. 8. teutel ; tcutelta is a diminu- 
tive of Lat. gcutra 

Sedlep, a basket carried on the arm 
in sowing : the word is still in use 
in Essex 

Segh, sedge. Straw, sedge and reed 
were the usual materials for thatch- 
ing: see Harrison's Deter. of England, 
Bk. ii. oh. 19 

Sheaf, a certain quantity of steel: 
' thirtie gads to the shefle and twelve 
JMiffrn to the burden.' Harrison's 
Deter, of England, Bk. in. ch. 11 
^ Sherman, a clothier 

Shidare, to cut wood into billets : cp. 
Tatthide in Arch. Hitt., glossary 

Sinis, i.q. cinis, ash-lye used in 
washing 

Siphus, i.q. Ciphut (seyphns), a cup 

Slats, slates on which barley was dried 
in the kiln 

Smigma, soap 

Sortendo, i.e. tortiendo, ' sorting ' lands, 
defining the intermixed lands of 
different owners 

Sotulares, shoes 

Sowder, solder 

Sparling, smelts; Fr. etperlan: but 
the word is Teutonic, = spare ling 

Sparres, S peers, timber used for rafters : 
' sparre of a roofe, lignum ' (P. P.) 

S pen se pott, an earthen vessel used 
in the Spense or Buttery 

Spissitudo Pauni, thickening of cloth 
in the process of fulling 

Spleutes, small pieces of wood laid 
horizontally in a stud wall 

Spumatum, Spumaticum, yeast 



Spykyug, a kind of bolt, called spyk- 

ynge nayll ' in P. P. 
Spyttes, rods used in a stud wall. 
Stallagiuui, the market place occupied 

by stalls 

Stan num. pewter 
Staple, a loop of iron in a wall for 

fastening chains 
Sum-US. (1) articles kept in stock, 

(2) the Storehouse 
Stokk, the hearth stock, a large log on 

which the fire was piled 
Streynor, a strainer 
Studdes, the upright posts in a wall 

of plaster and timber 
Swep, i.q. Swipe, a crane for drawing 

water out of a well 

Tascus, Tasca, a definite amount of 
work set for a labourer to do (Lat. 
tajcare) : ad tatcum, piecework 

Tellura, apparently means the marling 
of soil 

Terricidium, a peat turf 

Teryng, either tarring a wall, cover- 
ing it with butunu'n (q. v.), P. P., 
terryng': or covering it with earth, 
P. P., teryng, or hylle wythe erthe.' 

Thak, thatch 

Theolanum, Tolnetum, tolls of the fair 

Tractus, traces 

Tricentalis dies, the last day of a 
t rental, or month's mind, period of 
commemorating the dead. 

Trituracio, thrashing of corn 

Turba, a turf, which was delivered as 
a rent in kind to the lord of the 
manor at Abington. Accounts 1604 
-5, " To Bonde for carrying a torv 
to Abington " <kc. 

Ustrina, the malt-kiln 

Vaccaria, the Cow House 
Ventilabrum, a winnowing fan 
Yentilacio, winnowing 
Vergewes, verjuice 



GLOSSARY. 185 

Vertinelli, hinges Weedhokys, weeding hooks 

Vessa, vetch, vicia Wheterydell, a riddle to separate grain 

Virgae, wattles used in stud walls from chaff 

Voluntas Ultima, last will, testament Wynterfyssh, stockfish 

Walshe, qy ? Yerdwomman, a woman who attends 

Warp, parcels of four dried fish. to the farm-yard : cp. yardman in 

Warpyng, weaving Halliwell's Dictionary 



INDEX TO THE CHARTERS. 



L PERSONAL NAMES. 



(Thit tot doe* not contain the name* of witneutt.) 



Abiton, Marg. and Reg. de, 134, 210, 

220 a 
Absalon, Hugh fits, Letitia and Reg., 

88, 185 a, 6, 188, 211 a. 6, c, 212 a, 

6, 289 a, 6, 337 a, 6 
Adam, Leonius fitz, 219 a 
AeUrd, Job., 62 
Ailitha, 91 
Alan, Hen. fitz, 215 
Alton, Job., 249 a, 6 
Albrio, Maar. fitz, 216, 237 
Alderheye, Beg. de, 364 
Alderman, Hogb. 210 
Aldred, Job., 260 
Alexander, Nie. fits, 128 a 
Alfred, Beg. fitz, 179 
Alshope, Elena, 123 
Alvene, Ste. fitz, and Hugh, 326 a, 

fc, c, d 

Ampe. Absalon, 84 
Andrea, Will, 354 
Anglesey Priory, ttt 
Anketil (Anketin), Warin fitz, and 

Christina and Oodf., 217 a, b 
Anared, Job., 245 a 
Aqnam, Simon ad, 183 
Argenton, Beg. de, 50 
Arnold, Will., 260, 268 
Arnulf, Oilb. fitz, 218 
Arundel (Bp), 16 
Ascheman, Job., 188 
Aspelon, Job., 264 



Asschewell, Job., Ill, 148, 150 a 
Athelard, Will., 92 
Atkin, Warin and Cassandra, 309 
Attebroo, Bic., 279 rf, 280, 281, 282 

a, b 

Aunger, Bob., 247 
Aso (Acius), Job. fitz, 177, 185 a, 6, 

187 

Badburgbam, Job. de, 148, 149 
Badburham, Alan and Marg. de, 

126 a 

Badburnham, Tho. de, 72 
Bagge, Simon and Maud, 319, 380 
Baker, Oodf. the, 370 

Bob., Pet. and Joan le, 246 

Tho., 175 

Will., 258 

Baldewyn, Job., Joan and Isabel, 155, 

205o, 6 

Baldok, Job., 143, 146 a 
Ballard, Balf, 87 

Banastre, Geremias (German), Marg. 
and Lecia, 182 a, b, 183, 
1856 

Job. and Amycia, 184 

Bancis, Ralf de, 198 
liarbotir, Nic. le, 285 c 

Baret, Phil., 270 
Barford, Will., 209 
Barfot, Job., 243 
Barlham, Will., 139 a, b 



INDEX. 



187 



Barnwell Priory, 61, 225, 300, 305, 

369, &c. 
Bartholomew, Job. fitz, 244 6 

Ric. fitz, 310 
Barun, Bust., 94 
Barwe, Kog. de, 73 b 
Baryngton, Hen., 352, 354 
Bateman, Ralf, 299 

Kic., 162 

Will., 378 

Baude, Job., 110 
Baynard, Job., 147 
Beauchamp, And., 149, 150 a 
Bechampwell, Job. and Marg., 227 
Becket (Archbp), 4 c, d 
Bekke, Hen., 362 
Belbar, Alice, 187 
Beltou, Job., 257 
Bentybowe, Simon, 209 
Benyngtou, Job. de, 253 
Bercar, Reg., 247 
Bercariua, Balf, 46 
Berlee, Job., 141 

Bernard, Gilb. and Marg., 308, 341 a 
- Job., 334 a, 6 

Mich., 309 

Bernewelle, Alice de, 44 a, b 

Alan Dalles de, 57 6, c 

Godman de, 52 

Alice and Kic. ad caput 

ville de, 278, 338 

Kic. de, 125 

Silvester and Marg. de, 

288 

Bern eye, Job. de, 47 a, b 
Bertham, Hen. de, 100 a 
Berton, Job., Kic., Mariota and Maud 
de, 97, 189, 214, 339 

Hen. and Alice de, 105, 130, 

215 

Cecilia de, 247 

Pet., Giles and Maud de, 306, 

307, 311 a 

Bestun, Will, de, 122 a, 6, c 
Beylbam, Bob., 353, 355 
Biccleswade, Job. de, 134 
Bilney (Bylneye), Job., Ill, 357 a, b 



Black, Symon, 82 
Blakeboane, Sim., 20 
Blancgernun, Alice, 271 

Baldwin, 193, 265 a, 

268, 302 



Geoff., 266 a, 6 

Gilbert, 217 a 

Mabel, 158, 159 

Will, and Aldusa,2116,c, 

212a,213a,265a,368 
Blancpayn (Blannpayn), Job., 107, 

153, 2986 

Blund, Sim. le, 86, 93 
Bodekesham, Job. de, 32 c, 37 a 
Bokenham, Job. de, 292 
Bortone, Walt, de, 254 a 
Botulph, Sim. de S., 220 a 
Braci, Will., 265 b 
Bradelee, Alice de, 162 
Bramton, Ivo de, 196 
Branforde, Job., 353 
Branketre, Job. and Tho., 200 
Brest, Hugh, 156 c 
Briceste, Job. and Alice de, 273 
Brictnot, Martin, 165 
Bridbrok, Job., 188 
Brigbam, Kob. and Isabel, 146 b, 355, 

358 

Brito (the Jew), 83 
Brook, Hugh, 264 
Broun, Job., 207 
Browne, Bic. and Bob., 115, 249 b, c, 

2996 
Bruce (Bruys), Job. and Mariota, 

298 a, b, 300 
Bruere (Bruiera), Bob. de, 82 

Tho. and Helen de la, 87 

Buche, Bic., 275 

Bulling, Kic., 241 

Bullok, Kic., 82, 93, 95 

Burchard (Butcher), Pet. fitz and 

Ivetta, 169, 170 6, 176 
Burgh, Bp. Geoff, de, 239 d 
Burgo, Andr. de, 380 
Burgoyne, Job., 299 6, 356, 357 a, b 
Burs, Bic., 157, 158 
Busshe (Bushee), Bic., 143, 221 



ivs 



I \ I > ! \ 



Bat, Hugh, 222 

Cachepol, Warin le, 81 
Cadam, Job. and Joan, 37 a, b 
Caldeoote, Tho. and Agnes, 236 
Cambere, Hosbert le, 362 
Cambridge, Sir Tbo. and Eliz. de, 
261 

Tho. de, 262, 273 

Campes, Tho., MS 
Capella, Bog. de, 139 a 
Carettarius, Rog. and Felicia, 276 
Carpenter, Adam, 67 
- Rob., 362 

Will., 64, 66 

Carter, Andr. the, 371 

Christiana, 82 

Eustace, 64 

Silvester, 286 

Will the, 370 

Castelyn, Joan, 202 

Castre, Geoff, and Marg., 108, 110, 

349, 350, 351 
Can, Kic., 158 
Cawdrey, Ric., 249 e 
Cementarius, Reg., 54 

Walt., 274, 276 
Cestertnn, Ooding de, 181 

Phil., Albrida and Marg. 

de, 371 

Chance, Job., 207 
Chapeler, Rob. and Ralf le, 104 a 
Chapman, Job,, 116, 117 
Chasten, Rob. de, 293 
Chateriz, Abbess of, 313 
Cheseman, Job. and Joan, 168 
Chesewic, Tho. de, 312 
Chesterton, Rob. de, 348, 373 
Chicksand, Convent of, 381 
Childerle, Gilb. de, 220 a 
Cimiterio, Maud de, 91 
Cissor, Walt., 279 a 
Clara Hall, 188 
Clare, Coll. of St, 209 
Clerk, Marg. le, 191 
Clifford, Adam and Ric., 38 a, 6, 
285291 



Coker, Rob. and Marg., 145 c, d, 228 
Colebrig, Will, and Agnes de, 220 b 
Colecestre, Hamo de, 265 b 
Coleman, Azo (Aca), 90, 223 
Colleman, Tho., 357 
Coloffe, Joh., 145 c 
Colt, Rob., 2656 
Combirton, Reg. de, 224, 372 
Constance, (Countess), 3 a, 6, 8 
Cook, Geoff., 57 b, c 
Rob., 284 

Walt, and Agnes the, 244 a 
Coope, Rob. and Agnes, 61, 114, 115 
Corde, Maud, 210 

Walter and Juliana, 251, 265 

a, 6, 381 

Corduaner, Ste., 213 a 
Corpus Cbr. College, 141, 142, 143, 

145 c, d, 221, 228, 257 
Costyshey, Rog. de, 184 
Coteham, Joh. de, 89 
Cotenham, Tho. de, 159 
Cotes, Hen. de, 164 

Job., 294 

Cotton, Job., 142 
Tho., 359 

Conrtenay (Archbp), 17 
Cranwell, Joh. and Ric., 74 
Crocheman, Gate, 95 

Fulk and Sibil, 82, 83, 

88 

Job., 237 
Ric., 96, 98 
Walter, 222, 231 a 
Crocstun, Joh. de, 232 
Cros, Walter, 177 
Cullingg, Joh., 32 b 
Cumber ton, Rob. de, 32 a 
Custance, Hen., 70 
Rob., 251 
Cutiler (Cutler), Tho. le, 219 c, 372 

Dale, Joh., 119, 120 
Dalles, Alan, 57 b 
Damlett, Job., 243 
Dekyn, Tho., 264 
Delamore, Emma, 89 



INDEX. 



189 



Dengayne (Engayne), Tho. and Kath., 

36 a, 140, 375 

Derham, Kalf and Maud de, 127 
Devei, Hen., 383 
Deye, Simon, 357 a, 6 
Dittone, Tho. de, 121 c 
Dixi, Laur. and Maud, 335, 336 
Doy, Nic., 139 a 
Dun, Maud, 196 
Dunning, Leonius, 219 6, c, 284 

Kobert, 35 
Dunton, Job., 250 a 
Duzedeners, Will., 128 a 
Dytton, Bic. de, 36 a, 6, 39 

Eadward, Walt., 315 
Edmundo, Luke and Cecilia de S., 
31 a, b 

Bob. de S., 133 a, 252, 

370 

Walt, de S., 169 d, 239 6 
Will., Boger and Alice de 

S., 169 6, c, <i, 329 
Edmund's chapel, Prior of S., 38 &, 

342, 346 

Edricius, Bern, and Alice fitz, 172 6, c 
Edward II (King), 8 
Edward, Alan fitz, 100 a 

Joh., 136 & 

Elias (chaplain), 53 a 
Eltislee, Jeremias de, 185 &, 187 
Elvenegard, Ste. and Emma de, 89 
Elverede, Laur., 78 
Ely Convent, 79 c, 150 a, 204, 225, 
237, 239 e 

- Almoner, 128 a, &, 200 

- Official of, 240 a 

- Sacrist, 149, 152 
Ely, Joh., 155 
Elyas, Joh. fitz, 362 
Elynhale, Tho. and Kath. de, 291 
Elyot, Hen., 136 a 

Elys, Joh., 113 c 
Emma, Marg. dau. of, 136 a 
Engayne, Tho. and Kath , 140 
Ernisius (merchant), 95 
Essex, Joh., 112 



Essex, Will., 360 

Eustace (of Boulogne), 3 a, 6 

(Bp), 7 a, 24, 80, 239 a 
Hervey fitz and Boda, 24, 
179, 180, 266 a, 325, 330, 
362 

Eversdon, Joh., 75 
Eylesham, Joh. and Sabina de, 160 

Feleper, Aunger le, 51 a 
Feleperer, Bic. le, 218 
Felstede, Damalis de, 191 
Feror, Geoff, le, 200 
Ferriman, Tho. le, 218 
Feutrer, Beued., 101 a 

- Balf le, 101 6, 105 
Ffisshewyk, Brian, 30 
Ffraunceys, Nic., 376 
Filtrarius, Joh. and Balf, 104 b 

Will., 104 a, 6 
Filurun, 169 a 
Finch, Godard, 267 
Fitien, Laur. and Marg., 210 
Fittere, Geoff, le, 339 
Flemyng, Will., 201 
Fontibus (Bp) de, 7 a, 239 c 
Fordham (Bp), 240 b 

Joh. de, 284 

- Beg. de, 82, 84, 85, 363 
Forum, Nic. ultra, 198 

Foster, Job., 146 a, b 
Foulmer, Silvester de, 290 
Foxton, Bob. and Alice, 109, 113 a 
Frenge, Joh. and Agnes, 204 
Friars Minor, 29, 60, 248 
Friday, Job., 43 a, 6, 58 
Frost, Joh., 260, 365 
Fulburne, Bic. and Alice de, 103 
Furcis, Will, de, 265 b 

Gabyt, Hildebrand, 172 a 

Galien, Andr. fitz, 213 b 

Garlek, Boger, 64 

Geoffrey, Walter and Alice fitz, 169 

a, b, c, d, 110 a, 174 a, 

283, 362 
Hen. fitz, 85 



190 



IXMKX. 



Gibelot (Kibelot), Alice, 163 

Bio., 880 
Gibet, Rob., 181 

Ysabel, 53 6 

Gilbert, Margin fiU, 364 
Glover, Geoff, the, 370 

Goda, Hen. and Hugh fits, 323 
Godard, Crestiana dau. of, 125 

Job. and Eva, 230 a 
Gode, Will, le, 373 
Godelote, Symon and Alienor, 164, 

314, 381, 382 
Godeaone, Benet, 134 
Ste., 126 6 
Godlomb, 170 a, 175 
Goggyng, Earth., 245 a 

Job., 171 a 

Golofer (Galafre), Mabel, 124, 131 a 
Gom, Will, le, 69 a, 6 
Gome, Lyna le, 48 

- Bob., 43 a 
Goode, Tho., 113 a, 6 
Goodknape, Bob., 109 
Goaon, Joh. and Avioe, 315 
Gotobedde, Bob., 153 
Gounay, Job., 354, 356 
Grantesdene, Agnes de, 293, 295, 297 
Granteaete, Hen. de, 285 a 
Gravesend (Bp) de, 12 

Gray, Hen. le, 344 a, b 
Greene, Joh. and Cristiana, 229 
Grenelane, Joh., 30, 152, 360 
Grim, Bern., 93 

- Geoff, and Maud, 81, 100 a 

Warin, 320, 370 

Gudman, 102 

Gulafre (Golofer), Bic. and Oldebnrga, 

130, 132 
Gybon, Geoff., 2656 

Joh., 226 
Gyffard, Walk, 186 

Haford, Boger de, 44 a 
Hamond, Tho., 299 a, b 
Haneper, Folk le, 100 6 
Hardy, Joh. and Hen., 166, 167 
Harecok, Beg., 270 



Hareflet, 2656 

Harleaton (Herlaston), Roger de, 293, 

348, 373, 377 
Harre, Mabel, 212 a 
Haselyngfeld, Beatr. de, 286, 289, 

291 
Hattere, Agnes le, 284 

Jordan le, 252 

Helewis, Maud dau. of, 67 

Henry I (King), 2 a 

Henry II (King), 79 a 

Henry 111 (King), 8 

Henry VI (King), 9, 10, 27 6, e 

Henry, Balf fitz, 284 

Symon and Will, fitz, 214, 303 
Henxeham, Will, de, 105 
Herde, Humphry le, 121 a 
Herdwic, Bog. de, 100 6 
Hervey, East, fitz, 270 

Balf fitz, 196 
Hervy, Walt., 147, 148 
Hethe, Nio., 188, 249 a 
Heymongere, Godf. le, 219 / 
Heyward (Hayward), Joh., 114, 116, 

117, 120 

Hilbarghworth, Joh. and Elena de, 42 
Histon, Rio. de, 25 
Hoohton, Phil, and Albreda, 328 
Holbing, Saman, 865 
Holdeburg, 241 
Holdgord, Will., 94 
Hopetune, Ric., 2G5 6 
Hoppecrane, Ely aw, 270 
Horewode, Will, de, 226 
Horaethe, Walt, de, 246, 272 a 
Hospital of 8. John, Cambridge, 80, 
87, 180, 181, 
345 
- of Jerusalem, 

189 
Hubert, Geoff, fitz, 54 

(Huberd), Hen. and Eva, 

193, 194 a, b, 195 
Joh.Bob.andSabina, 364, 365 
Hugh (Bp of Lincoln), 332 

Hen. fitz, 214, 215, 381 
Hnlmo, Hugh de, 160 



INDEX. 



191 



Hungyrford, Eob. and Agnes, 118 

Hunte, Pet. le, 175, 176 

Huntingfeld, Koger de, 279 a 

Huntyngdon, Job., 142 

Hutham, Job., 361 

Hyderston, Edw., 114 

Hynggeston, Will, and Maud de, 292, 

347 

Hynton, Bic. and Alice, 205 
Hyntone, Alan de, 129 
Alice de, 123 

Ikilinton, Nuns of, 62 
Impyton, Job., 106 
Innocent IV (Pope), 6 
Ivo (see Yvo) 

Jakenet, Tho., 229 
John, Earth, fitz, 245 b 

Kankelya, Will., 314 

Kelesseye, Job. and Avista, 250 a, 6 

Eetel, 265 a 

Ketene, de (Bp), 15 

Key, Geva, 364 

Kibelot, see Gibelot 

Knapere, Andr., 123 

Eoc (the Jew), 245 a 

Kocs, Hen., 71 

Koker, Bob., 145 a 

Kolvin, Will., 365 

Kymbalton, Symon and Ada de, 254 6 

Kyp (Kyep), Nic., 170 a, 176 

Kyrkeby, Will, and Alice de, 367 

Kyniuui. Maud, 303 

Langforde, WiU., 299 a 

Langton (Archbp), 4 d 

Latymer, Warin le, 55 

Laurence, Bic. fitz, 63, 164, 247, 365 

Lavenham, Edm. and Marion, 75 

Will, de, 34 a, &, d, 205 a, 

348 

Ledbeter, Beg. and Joan le, 32 a, b, e 
Leeke, Bob., 249 & 
Lev. nun. Hen., 132 
Lincoln, Job. de, 43 a, 47 a, 70, 206 



Lincoln, Will, de, 230 / 

Lindsey, Walter and Berta de, 51 a, 

6, 52, 101 a, b 
Lin ton, Prior of, 6 
Litlingtune, Adam de, 267, 268, 209 
Littlebery, Geoff, de, 121 b, c 
Locoks, Job., 71 
Lolleworthe, Adam, 206 

Hen. Custance de, 70 

Lomb, Will., 260 

Lominor, Job. and Mabel le, 190 
Long, Bob. le, 253, 344 a, 6 

- (Lungis), Tbos., 266 a, 270 
Longe Locci, Alice le, 55 
Lorimer, Will, le, 219 c, 372 
Lucbefeld, Tho. de, 98 
Lumley, Marm., 74 

Lung, Duront le, 95 
Lyster, Edm., 204 

Machon, Job. le, 284 
Macston (Maxton), Alan, 170 a 

Pet., 233, 370 

Maddyngle, Tho. de, 202 
Malcolm IV (King), 4 a, ft, c, d 
Malherb, Mich., 94 

- Nic., 122 a, 6 
Man, Geoff., 363 
Marchal, Job., 78, 353, 357 a 
Mareschal (Marscal), Bic., 55, 137 
Martin de S. Badegund, 122 a, 137, 

138 

Job. and Alice, 166 
Will., Bob., Alan, 167, 313 
Martyn, Hen., 55 

Bic., 226, 293, 348, 373, 375 
Bob., 106 
Mason, Boger and Felice, 29 

Will., 72 
Mast, Will, and Marg., 143, 144 a, 

6, c, d, 145 a, 6 
Maud (Queen), 3 a 

Bob. fitz, 161 

Mayner, Hugh, Claricia, Walter, Job., 
277, 278, 2796, c, d, 280, 281, 282 a, 
6, 340, 341 a, 6, 342, 343 
Maystreman, Bic. and Sarra, 294 



102 



INDEX. 



Mele, Hen., 369 

Meleward, Job. and Alice le, 338 
Melreia, Bog., Joan, Elice de, 312 
Mercer (Merchant), Tho., Marg., Wal- 
ter, Cecilia, 131 a, 6, 173, 174 a, 6, 
367 

Merchant, Will., 271 
Meso, Hen., 156 a 
Michael, House of S., 74, 236, 237 
Middleton (Middelton), Andr. and 

Pet., 230 a, g t 2316 
Milde, Kic., 226, 250 a 
Mildes, Will, 165 
Miller, Job. the, and Alice, 277 

Will, the, 219 a 
Milt, Hen., 283 
Modebrok, Ric. de, 273 
Moner, Tho. le, 162 
Mordon (Mordin), Hen. de, 138 

Walt, de, 274, 276 
Will, de, 122 a, b 
Mordyngton, Agnes de, 282 b 
Morice (Morys, Moriz), Barth. and 
Marg, 40 

Hen., 247 

Job., 257, 258 
Nic., 299 6, 357 

a, 6 

Tho., 255 
Ste., 32 d, 203, 

293, 348, 373 
Morin, Ric., 195 
Morpad, Will, de, 127 
Mortuomari, Will, de, 305 
Moyne (Monachus), Will, le, 2 a, 6 
Mai ton, Adam and Maud de, 279 a, b 
Musgrave, Job., 61 
My, r, Simon, 256 

Nadun, Hen., 219 b 

Bob., 362 
Neell, Job., 257 

Ste., 258 

Neoto, Ric. de Sco, 200 
Newecnmen, Hugh, 122 b 
NeweU, Geoff., 145 e 
Newenham, Will. Barun de, 94 



Newton, Job. de, 289 a, b 

Nicolas (chaplain), 174 a 

Nigellus (Bp), 1, 2 6, 3 a, c, 4 d, 

5, 8 
Noble, Barth. and Hugh le, 93, 94, 

219 a, 6, c 
Nonacurt (Nunancurt, Nunnecurt), 

Bob., 62, 237, 275 
Nonacurt (Nunancurt, Nuwnecurt), 

Will., 162, 284, 321 a, 6 
Noreys (Norreys), Will, le, 279 o, c 
Norfolchia, Agnes de, 54 
Norman, Hen. tit/.. 260 
Northwold (Bp), 7 6 
Norton, Job., 107, 153 
Norwyc, Will, de, 139 b 

Oldcorn, Eust., 241 
Oreford, Job., 206 
Ormar, Bob. fitz, 172 a 
Osbon, Beg. fitz, 170 a 
Ovinng, Job., 236, 238 
Ovyngton, Edw. de, 110 

Page, Geoff, and Isabel, 278, 281, 

292 

Pageles, Emilius, 363 
Panfleon, Will., 353 
Pannfeld, Walt., 149 
Papilun, Walt., 260 
Parcbiminere, Derota, 189 

Hen. le, 224, 372 
Paris, Hen., 155 

- Will, and Alice, 284 
Parleben, Job., 122 a 

Mich., 316 
Parys, Bob. de, 141 
Pastor, Bern, and Sabina, 121 b, 370 
Paule, Bic., 292, 347 

- Will., 374 

Paulinus, Job. fitz, 31 a, c, 129 
Pawe, Job., Nic. and Kath., 135 
Payn, Job., 297, 353, 376 
Pecche, Alex., 222 
Pecbard, Will., 78, 120 
Pernes, Bic. and Cecilia, 210, 213 a 
Marg., 222 



INDEX. 



193 



Person, Ealf, Marg. and Sabina, 327 

- Bob., 281 a 
Pertehaye, Tho. , 194 & 
Pete, Job. and Isoda, 304 
Peter, Alice fitz, 170 a 
Peyntour (Pictor), Adam, 127, 143, 

146 a 

Peytevin, Kob., 249 a 
Philip, Everard fitz, 128 a, 6 
Picot, Maud, 254 a 
Pie, Walt., 87 
Pilate (Pilet), Hugh, 50 

Job., 59 d, 99, 352, 354, 
356 

Walt., 50, 97 

Will, and Marg., 91, 

363 

Pinberd, Selede, 362 
Pinniger, Maud, 199 
Pitcock, Will., 189 
Ploghwrygt, Joan le, 253 
Ploughwryght, Hugh, 357 a 
Plowwryghte, Bic., 99 
Plumber, Ernold the, 362 
Plumpton, Job., 75 
Portam, Job. ad, 198 
Maud ad, 53 < 

Bic. ad, 199, 223 

Symoii ad, 172 d 

Porter, Tho., 145 b 

Walt., 57 c 

Porthors, Joh., 97, 311 6 

Poswyk (Possewy), Walt., 247, 311 a 

Potekin, Tho., 219 c, d, e, 224, 310, 372 

Potter, Bog. le, 251 

Potton, Will., 377 

Freest, Nic., 256 

Prentys, Joh., 360 

Prest, Will, 2456 

Prudfot, Balf, 87 

Purr, Joh., 348, 377 

Purry, Joh., 48 

Pyghttesley, Bic., 21 

Pynchebek, Bic. and Muriel, 136 6 

Pynnington, Bob., 142 

Quantquilia, Beg., 265 b 
C. A. S. Octavo Series. 



Quenburgb, Joh. and Mariota, 146 a 

Bagenhill, Hugh de, 57 b, 316, 321 b 
Balf, Geoff, fitz, 331 
Bankyn, Joh. and Marg., 256 

Simon, 259 

Bede (Beede), Tho., 118, 208 
Bedere, Hubert le, 66 

Nic. and Kath. le, 248 
Bob. le, 277 

Boger le, 46, 65, 66 
Bedheved, Alan and Marg., 293, 295, 

296, 298 6 

Befham, Joh. de, 107, 153 
Beginald, Symon fitz, 181 
Beiner, Balf fitz, 101 a 
Bevede, Tho., Alice and Joh., 59 a, 

6, c 

Bichard, Will, fitz, 235 
Bidel (Bp), 79 b 

Bingestede, Edm. and Mabel de, 231 c 
Bising, Pet. de, 121 a, 6 
Boger, Orgar fitz, 332 

Absalon, Hugh, Ysabel, Marg. 

and Maud fitz, 177, 178 a, 6, 
179,180, 182, 185 a, 192,380 
Boiston, Job., 206 
Bolf, Will., 73 6, 106, 227, 352, 354, 

379 

Boys, Job., 208 
Buff us, Anger, 265 b 

Hugh, 82, 170 a 
Maur., 181, 217 a 
Buold, 211 a, 6, c 
Bus, Alice le, 248 

- Aunger le, 103 

Mich, le, 334 a 
Bob. le, 198 

Bussell, Bog., 251 
Byghisby, Joh., 295 

Sagar, Cecilia, 137 
Salle, Will., 259, 263 
Salter, Greg., 170 a 
Saltrega, Alberis de, 189 
Sarant, Nic., 51 a, 52, 53 a, 54, 56, 
331, 332, 333 

13 



194 



INDEX. 



Sausintune, Will., 81 

(Sauxington), Job. de, 198, 

275 

Scalar! is, Stc., Juliana and Sibil de, 
5, 192, 370 

Walt, de, 22 

Scbclford, Joan de, 246 
Schenrynt, Beg., 370 

Will, and Joan, 254 a 

Scissart, Walt., 172 a 
Scolastica, Walt, fitz, 90 
Scolemayster, Hen., 157, 158 
Scolicia, Walt, fitz, 232, 234 
Scriptor, Hen. and Dionysia, 46, 65, 70 
Scurri, Will., 173 

Seenz, Job. de, 96 
Segar, Absalon fitz, 132 

Walt, fitz, 26, 139 a 

Segballe, Job. de le, 246 
Segbyn, Alan and Alice, 247 
Selede, Bust., 199 

Selid, Job. fitz, 223, 362 
Selinarius, Hogb, 225 
Sellarius, Adam, 193 
Seller, Nigel le, 195 
Selyman, Job., 284 
Seman (Saman), Geoff., 262 

Bob. , 90, 233, 254 a, 

364 

Sephare, Isabel, 102 
Serlo, Job. fitz, 219 d, e, f 
Sexteyn, Job., 207, 358 

Bic., 60 

Sbarp, Andr., 144 a, c, d 

Bob. 220 a 

Shepherd, Hen., 267 
Shipwritte, Bio., 235 

Sigan, Balf and Coleman, 156 a, b, e 

Simon (camerarius), 24 

Sinereles, Bic., 157 

Skerning (Bp) de, 13 

Sleford, Simon de, 147, 148, 226 

Slipper, Boger, 252 

Smith, Hugh the, 282 a, 351 

- Job. the, 128 6, 170 a, 216, 
217 a, b, 218, 380 

Will, the, 122 b, 137 



Sokelyng, Job. and Marg., 301 
Sopesfeld, Tho. de, 356 
Spaldyng, Will., 27 a, 6 
Spileman, Hen., 198 
Spycer, Bic., 221 
Stalle, Hugh, 226 
Stamforde, Hugh de, 240 a 
Stephen (King), 2 a, 3 a, 6 

Marg. dau. of, 133 a 
Sterne, Bob., Will, and Maud, 366 
Stevenys, Job., 349, 350 
Stokton, Job., Simon, Beatrix and 

Kath., 282 a, 286, 287, 289 b, 291, 

304, 375 

Stombill, Bic., 255 
Stote, Tho. and Will., 191 
Stowe, Job. and Elena, 115 
Sturmi, 79 a, 6 
Styward, Job., 696 
Sueteye (Sweteghe), Will., 57 a, 6, 

121 e, 220 a, ft, c, 316, 321 a, b 
Suffield (Bp) de, 11 
Suneman, Marg., 174 a 
Surdns, Balf, 100 a 
Suthwerke, Tho. de, 135 
Swaffham, Nuns of, 144 a, 203, 209 

Job. de, 63 6, c 

Martin de, 53 a 

Swane, Balf, 84 

Swyule, Job., 356 

Talur (Taylour), Barth. le, 86, 193 

Bic. le, 280 

- Symon le, 81 

Talworth, Laur. de, 106 
Tanur, Athelard le, 383 

- Brithnod, 380 
Taxstede, Bob. de, 128 a 

Tho. de, 381 

Tele, Will, and Maud, 295, 296, 308 
Tendring, Tho. de, 44 a 
Terteyner, Ste. le, 45, 69 a 
Teversham (Theversham), Alan and 

Ysabel, 123, 124, 340 
Textor, Adam, 82 
Theobald (Archbp), Id 
Thomas, Walt, fitz, 202 



INDEX. 



195 



Thorn (Thome), Eic., 117, 119, 120 

- Tho., 116 
Toft, Joh. de, 141, 273 
Toogood, Marg., 256 
Toucestre, Joh. de, 71 
Trippelowe (Thriplowe), Hen. de, 42, 
44 a, 6, 281 

Joh. de, 3149, 

58, 184 

Joh. and Kose, 

299 a, 6 

Joh. Sty ward de, 

696 

Will, and Marg. 

de, 34 a 

Trumpiton (Trompiton), Joh. de, 
2306 

Milo and Agnes 

de, 45 

Beg. de, 140 
Bob. de, 123 
Bayer (Serle) and 

Pet. de, 230 c, 

d, e 

Will, de, 233, 324 

Turre, Simon de, 23 

Tuylet (Toilet), Bob. and Marg., 272 a 

Tho., Will, and Ele, 

197, 245 a, 6 

Tychewell, Bob. de, 126 a 
Tynour, Hugh and Sarra le, 271 

Upwenden, Joh. de, 219 d t e, f 
Upwer, Agnes, 255 
Uscher, Walt, le, 285 6 

Vivien, Hen. and Marg., 322 

Wachesham, Alice de, 273 
Walda, Maud de, 189 
Walsoken, Adam de, 242 
Warde, Will., 77 
Wareyn, Will., 77 
Warin le Cachepol, 81 
Wastinel, Bic., 18 
Watton, Balf de, 353 
Wattys, Joh., 255, 358 



Waubert, Joh., 97 

Wauter (Waunter), Jas. le, 123 

Serlo le, 171 

Wauton, Joh. de, 150 a, 6 
Weaver, Alan, 171 a 
Webster, David le, 272 a, 6 
Well, Algar de, 230 a 

Nicol de, 89 

Pet. de, 164 
Welle, Joh. de, 233 
Wellis, Tho., 254 a 

Wendeye, Balf, Boysia and Letitia 

de, 69 a, 6, 272 a, 6 
Wesenham, Matt, and Juliana, 73 a 
Westmorland, Alex., 300 
Weston, Joh., 142 
Whaplode, Joh., 358 
Wiclof (Whitlof), 174 a, 186 
Wilburham, Pet. and Sabina de, 123, 

159 
William, Hugh fitz, 102, 125 

Joh. fitz, 211 a 

Winepol (Wynepol), Andr. de, 86, 93, 

362 

Cecilia de, 171 a, 6 
Tho., 202 
Wodecok (Woodcok), Bic. and Joan, 

154, 208 

Wodelark, Bob., 264 
Wodeward, Bog. , 38 a 
Wolle, Tho., 262 
Wolward (Wulward), Andr., 200 

Martin, 179, 380 
Tho. and Marg., 
121 a, 187, 224, 
370 

Wormenhale, Tho., 352 
Wryghte, Tho. le, 262 
Wybert, Bob., 283 
Wyggomer, Adam, 352, 354 
Wyght, Nic. de, 34 d 
Wyghton, Joh. and Agnes, 76 
Wykmer (Wygmer), Will, and Marg. 

de, 150 6, 151, 152 
Wymer, 53 6, 56, 57 d 
Wymund, Absalon fitz, 161 

Walt, and Marg., 252 



196 



INDEX. 



Wynde, Will., 188, 204 
Wynebotisham, Bob. de, 184 

Simon and Morg., 187 

Wyntieflete, Simon and Isabel, 107 
Wyriel (Weriel), Adam, 244 a, d, 

2456 



Wyttlesford, Maud de, 55 

Yselham, Alex, de, 266 a, 267 
Yvo (Yon, Ivo), Pet. fitz, 177, 185 b 
Bio. fitz, 254 a, 333 
Will, fitz, 364 



II. LOCALITIES. 



Aldenuanhyl, 844 a 
Andrew's church, S., 80 
Aungerys lane, 246, 247 

Barnwell mill, 828 
Binnebroc, 314, 328 
Blakaore, 849 
Blanowyneshithe, 90 
Bothulveshak, 339 
Bradmerefeld, 337 a 
Branderusche, 330 

Bucherie, Bochere rowe, 201, 202, 
203, 207, 208 

Caldewelle. 845 
Chabligwelle, 23 
Chain bridge, 113 
Chese market, 221 
Cholleshithe, 204 
Clayfeld, 365 
Clayhangels, 850 
Claypittes, 81 a, 332 
Copes cross, 119 
Corn market, 206 
Cranedole, 351 
Cnndit strete, 106 
Cutler rowe, 145 c, 228 

Dede dale, 345 
Deus deners lane, 134 
Drosemer, 44 b, 57 a 
Dunnyngistede, 261 

Edmund's chapel, 8., 134, 161, 346 
Eldestede, Eldestedcroft, 43 a, 47 a, 
64, 71 



Endeles weye, 345 
Estenhale, 337 a 

Feltere strete, 104 b 
Fisher lane, 255, 256 
Flexhethe, 231 6, 238 
Fossa iudicii, 328 

Garvin cross, Garewyoes cruche, 100 

a, b 

Godgivesdole, 330 
Gregories hostell, 44 b 
Grenecroft, 4 a, 6, 7 a, &c. 
Grenedich, 349 
Grethowellcroft, 365 
Gretthawe, 302 

Hangmannes lane, 149, 150 a 

Henneye, 230 c,/, 238 

Hinton lane, 124, 131 a, 132, 136 a 

Hokerenewell, 330 

Holm, Hulmus, 210, 312, 313 

Horspath, 36 a, 38 6, 349 

Hospice of the Gild of the Blessed 

Virgin, 273 
Howes, 817 
Hunimade, 23 
Hynton bridge, 336 

Judeorum, vicus, 88 
EevereUeshythe, 230 b 

Meldych, 36 a 
Merton hall lane, 253 
Milk furlong, 350 



INDEX. 



197 



Milk market, 226 
Milne lane, 259 
Monks place, 264 
Mortimer's mill, 305 
Musecroft, 345 

Netherexsotes, 337 a 
Ote market, 202, 207 

Pesecroft, 369 

Petiteshalvaker, 337 a 

Pilates lane, 98 

Pirones lane, 162, 189, 190 

Pishwelle or Pushwelle Weye, 31 a, 

328 

Potteres rowe, 219 a, 372 
Pouchescroft, 141, 142 
Pyttes, Pytys or Petes lane, 291, 301, 

378 



Bodolvesacre, 328 
Eokislane, 124, 126 a, 148 
Eoser, le, 349 

Sale, 266 a, 270 
Silvestris place, 293 
Sperveres, le, 290 
Swerd on the hope, 155 

Tornechroft, 25 
Triperes lane, 200 
Tylyd hostelle, 21 

Wales lane, 107, 108, 111, &c. 
Wales lane brigge, 114, 117 
Wallicorum, hospicium, 188 
Water lane, 204 
Weyrode, 365 
Wulwardesmere, 317, 365 



CAMBRIDGE : PRINTED BY J. AND C. F. CLAY, AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS. 



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