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Vi 



Somersetshire 

Archeeological @P Natural History 

Society. 



PROCEEDINGS 
DURING THE YEAR 1898. 



VOL. XLIV. 



r 
1 



fiO&UU^ of the Som^fff.i(fii0e ArchcBological and Natural 
Hiatory ^fmsk^^^t^Mpt tfiat it Mi,ld he dintlnctly understood that 
alihowjh the pWU^c* ^^roc/PRdiwoh w published under their 
direction^ they do noti.fiM^ tfiejMelve^ in any loay re^ponaible for 
any ntalements or opitiiotM 4ixpreM<ied therein ; tfut authors of the 
Ht»vera/ papers and communications heimj alonp responsible. 




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PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



archaeological j Natural j^tetorp 

Society 

FOR THE YEAR 1898. 



VOL. XLIV. 




'araunton: 

BARNICOTT AND PEARCE, FORE STREET 

MDCCCXCVIII. 



THENEWYORK 

PUBLICLIBRARY 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. 

R 1900. L 




BARNICOTT AND PEARCE 
PRINTERS 






• • • . • • 






PREFACE. 



The thanks of the Society are due to Mr. W. H. Hamilton 
^**^ Rogers for supplying the whole of the illustrations to his 

r^^ paper ; to the President for the two pictures of the Old 

. > Doors ; to the Rev. Preb. Buller for the two views of North 

Curry Chiu'ch ; and to Professor Allen for the excellent 
^ photographs from which most of our illustrations are taken. 

F. \V. W. 

:: January, 1899. 









> 



CONTENTS. 



PART I.— PROCEEDINGS. 





PAGE 


Fiftieth Annual General Meeting (Taunton) 


1 


Report of the Council ... 


2 


Treasurer's Accounts ... 


9 


Somerset Record Society 


11 


President's Address 


12 


Taunton Castle 


13 


The Council Chamber... 


14 


The Old White Hart Inn 


15 


St, Mary's Church 


15 


St. James's Church 


20 


The Priory Barn 


20 


Gray's Almshouses 


21 


Evening Meeting — Papers and Discussions ... 
Red Deer on the Quantocks 


22 
22 


Bishoprics of Wessex ... 


29 


WEDNESDAY. 




Excursion^ 




Ruishton Church 


30 


Creech St. Michael Church 


32 


North Curry Church ... 


33 


Luncheon at Morcdon ... 


36 


Slough House 


37 


Stoke St. Gregory Church 


39 


Thornfalcon Church ... 


, ... 41 


Conversazione 


41 


THURSDAY. 




Excursion — 




City of Exeter 


42 


The GuUd Hall .. 


43 


The Cathedral 


44 



VI I 
FRIDAY. 

Excursion — page 

Norton Fitzwarren Church ... ... ... 44 

Norton Camp ... ... ... ... 47 

Cothelstone Manor House ... ... ... 47 

Cothelstone Church ... ... ... ... 48 

Bishop's Lydeard Church ... ... ... 52 

Lydeard St. Lawrence Church ... ... ... 56 

Combe Florey Church and Gate House ... ... 58 

The Local Museum ... ... ... ... 61 

Notes on two old Carved Doors exhibited in the Local 

Museum ... ... ... ... ... (j5 

Additions to the Society's Museum and Library ... 68 



PART n.-PAPERS, ETC. 

Brook, of Somerset and Devon ; Barons of Cobhara, 

in Kent- -by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A. ... 1 

On the Inquisitiones Post-Mortem for Somerset, from 
Henry 1 II to Richard III ( 1216-1485) -by Edward 
Alexander Fry ... ... ... ... 79 

The Division of the Bishoprics of Wessex- by the 
Right Rev. W. R. Brownlow, D.D., Bishop of 
Clifton ... ... ... ... ... 149 

An Inventory of Church Plate in Somerset (part ii) — 

by the Rev. E. H. Bates, M.A. ... ... 160 

St. Anne's Chapel, Brislington — by the Rev. A. 

Richardson... ... ... ... ... 188 

Norton Camp — by William Bidgood ... ... 198 

An Early Chapter of the History of Yeovil — by John 

Batten ... ... ... ... ... 203 

Officers, Members, and Rules ... ... ... 224 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

North Curry Church from South West ... Frontispiece 

„ „ Interior ... ... Parti 33 

Stoke St. Gregory Tower from North West „ 39 

Cothelstone Manor House ... ... „ 48 

Bishop's Lydeard Tower from South East... „ 52 
Old Doors, supposed to be from Taunton 

Priory (2 plates) ... ... ... „ 65 



Vlll 

ILLUSTRATIONS— wiwf/w?ir^. page 

Chapel of St. Melorus, Olditch Village ... Part ii 4 
Presumed Priest's House, Chapel of St. 

Melorus ... ... ... ... „ 5 

Portion of Gateway, Olditch Court ... „ 8 

Weycroft ... ... ... ... „ 12 

Weycroft ... ... ... ... „ 13 

Sir Thomas and Dame Johanna Brook ... „ 17 

John de Cobham, Founder of Cobham College „ 28 

M argaret C ourtenay , wif e of J ohn de C obham „ 29 
John de la Pole and Joan de Cobham, his 

wife ... ... ... ... „ 32 

Johanna de la Pole, Lady of Cobham ... „ 33 

Sir Reginald Bray broke ... ... „ 36 

Sir Nicholas Hawberk ... ... ... „ 37 

Aliddelburg on the Scheldt ... ... „ 37 

... Clitherow, daughter of Sir John Oldcastle „ 40 

Sir John Harpcnden ... ... ... „ 41 

Thomas Chedder ... ... ... „ 44 

Isabel ScobahuU, wife of Thomas Chedder „ 45 
Monument of Joan Chedder, Viscountess 

L'Isle ... ... ... ... „ 48 

Sir John Newton and Isabel Chedder, his wife „ 49 

John Bassett and his wives ... ... „ 57 

Monument of Sir John Newton ... ... „ 61 

The Chancel, Cobham Church ... ... „ 68 

The Quadrangle, Cobham College ... „ 69 

Doorway, Cobham Hall ... ... „ 73 

A Glimpse of Weycroft ... ... „ 74 

Fireplace at Weycroft ... ... ... „ 75 

The Right Hon. Charles Blunt ... ... „ 76 

Tailpiece ... ... ... ... „ 78 

Ewer, early 18th Century, Montacute ... „ 180 
Elizabethan Cup and Paten, Norton-sub- 

Hamdon ... ... ... ... „ 182 

Ruins on the site of St. Anne's Chapel ... „ 197 



'VV 



3^^^^ 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SOMERSETSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND 
NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY 

DURING THE YEAR 
1898. 



THE fiftieth annual meeting of the Society was held at 
the Municipal Hall, Taunton, on Tuesday, August 
30th. The proceedings commenced at twelve o'clock with a 
reception by the Mayor (Aid. Wm. Potter). 

The President opened the meeting by saying that prob- 
ably some of them were surprised to see him occupying the 
chair at their annual meeting for the second time in suc- 
cession, but, unfortunately, the committee to whom was deputed 
the duty of electing the President of the year, had unan- 
imously conferred that position upon him again. He was sure 
that in all parts of Somerset the greatest regard was felt for 
the town of Taunton, and he had never known a chief magis- 
trate who was more anxious to maintain the honour and 
position and glories of the town of Taunton than the present 
Mayor. 

The Mayor, on behalf of the inhabitants of the town, 
heartily welcomed the members of the Society in their midst, 
and he hoped the many historic associations with which 
Taunton abounded would be of great interest and afford equal 
pleasure to them. He was glad to be able to welcome the 
Society in that hall, which had been recently restored by the 
Town Council — a hall which he was quite sure would not be 

Vol. XL/ V (Third Seriei, Vol. I V), Part I. a 



2 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

devoid of interest to them, as it was once a schoolroom in con- 
nection with the school founded by Bishop Fox of Winchester, 
in the year 1522. His worship concluded by expressing the 
hope that the members would favour the Mayoress and him- 
self with their company at luncheon in the Castle Hall. 

IReport. 

Lieut.-Col. Bramble presented the Annual Report of the 
\ Council as follows : 

"Youi* Committee have the pleasure of presenting their 
fiftieth annual report, and .of congratulating the Society at 
; being, after an existence of nearly half-a-century, in a very 
prosperous condition. 

" The first meeting of the Society was held at Taunton, on 
the 26th Sept. 1849. The report in your first volume of 
Proceedings does not say tofiere^ so it may be as well to place it 
on record that it was held in the Assembly Room at the 
Market House. 

" It was then stated that there were 250 members, and the 
usual difficulty arose as to Somerset having no common centre. 
If the phrase is permissible, the county had, as it has still, 
several centres, and it was almost necessarily determined that 
the annual meetings should be migratory. 

^^ Now the Society consists of 637 members, and if the 
county is still, by force of circumstances and railways, without 
a common centre, your Society is possessed of a noble habita- 
tion in the ancient Castle of Taunton, which, thanks to the 
liberality of its members and others, it acquired twenty-four 
years ago. 

" The annual meetings are, how^ever, still migratory, and are 
held so far as possible as fairly to cover the whole of the county. 
In this manner your Society has, since its formation, visited 
Taunton five times ; Bridgwater four times ; Wells four 
times; Bath three times; Glastonbury twice ; Langport twice; 
Frome twice ; Wellington twice ; Crewkeme twice ; Shepton 



Report of the CounciL 3 

Mallet twice ; Weston - super - Mare twice ; Yeovil twice ; 
Bruton twice ; Clevedon twice ; Ilminster once ; Williton 
once ; Axbridge once ; Wincanton once ; Chard once ; Bum- 
ham once ; Miuehead once ; Castle Cary once ; Dunster 
once ; and Wiveliscombe once. 

" Meetings have, for the convenience of visiting localities, 
been held outside the borders o£ the county on four occasions — 
twice at Bristol, 1867 and 1887, and twice at Sherborne, 1874 
and 1896. 

" It may be said, * What is the use of visiting places over 
and over again ;' but it takes some twenty years to visit the 
whole of the county, and in that time there is practically a 
new generation sprung up — only sufficient of the older members 
are left to hand down the traditions to the younger. 

" Since your last meeting, sixty-one new names have been 
added to your list of members. The loss by deaths and 
resignation has been sixteen, leaving a net gain of forty-five. 

"The debit balance on your Society's General Account 
at the end of 1886, was £9 6s. 9d. This has now been wiped 
out, and at the end of 1897 (to which date your annual 
accounts are made up) there was a balance of £76 16s. lOd. 
in favour of the Society. But in neither of these cases was 
the cost of the volume of the Society's Proceedings for the 
year then expired — £100, more or less — taken into account. 
The accounts for the current year will, however, show an 
ample provision for this liability. 

"The cost of volume xliii (for 1897) has been: — Print- 
and binding, £81 5s. Od.; illustrations, £14 os. 3d.; postages 
of volumes, £8 Os. Od.; total, £103 10s. 3d. 

"The debit balance of the Castle Restoration Fund has 
again been reduced — from £44 lis. 9d. at the end of 1896 to 
£39 Ts. 8d. at the end of 1897. Considerable repair is ur- 
gently necessary. Various work has been done from time to 
time where absolutely unavoidable, and some temporary 
measures adopted for rendering the Great Hall clean and 



4 fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

available for use. But as the measures taken were, from want 
of funds, of a very minor character, your Committee deter- 
mined on laying the facts before the members and County 
generally, and appealing for subscriptions towards more 
general and effectual work. Such appeal was issued in April 
last, and has so far resulted in contributions (including £25 
from your President) of £351. In addition to this, your Com- 
mittee have received notice from the executors of the late Col. 
Pinney — who was at all times a warm supporter of your 
Society — that he, by his will, left a legacy of £300 to be 
applied for the repairs of the Castle. This amount will form 
a very welcome addition to the Fund, but the buildings are 
very extensive, and a good deal of the work is of an urgent 
character. Your Conunittee hope, therefore, that further sub- 
scriptions will be sent in with as little delay as possible. 

"The Castle House still remains void. The purpose for 
which the adjoining premises are used is very detrimental to 
the Society's property. 

"The number of visitors to the Museum in 1897 was 5,236, 
as against 4,610 in 1896 ; a very satisfactory increase of 626. 
It may fairly be anticipated that when the Great Hall can be 
made available for the proper display of the Society's large 
collections, there will be a very great increase in the attendance. 

" The Index to CoUinson has been very satisfactorily com- 
pleted by Messrs. Bamicott and Pearce, and is in the hands of 
the subscribers. 

".The Index to the Society's Proceedings^ volumes xxi to 
XL inclusive, compiled by Mr. Elworthy, is now ready for 
distribution to the subscribers. The printing of the Biblio- 
graphy of Somerset, by Mr. E. Green, F.S.A., is also proceed- 
ing in due course. 

" The Library is gradually increasing as opportunity and 
fmids permit. The exchanges with other societies are kept 
up to date. The Society has long been in want of a set of 
ArchtBologia — almost a first necessity in the library of such a 



Heport of the Council, 5 

Society. Until recently it contained only some ten volumes, 
part of the Screl Collection. A further twenty-nine volumes 
have this year been added by the gift of your Hon. Secretary, 
Lieut.-Col. Bramble, to whom your Committee have expressed 
their cordial thanks. If members or others would kindly 
examine their ' duplicates,' and contribute any which they may 
be able to spare, the set might easily be completed, or the cost 
of completing it brought more within the means of the Society. 
A list of volumes wanted to complete this and other sets will 
be furnished on application to the Curator. 

" The following are among the books relating to the county 
acquired during the year : " Somerset Towers " ; " The Corn- 
ish Drama," by Edwin Norris; "The Note Book of the 
Tristram Risdon"; "The Year Book of Edward III," vol. I; 
Barrett's "Somersetshire"; Trask's " Norton-sub-Hamdon " ; 
Williams' " Somerset Mediaeval Libraries " ; and several print- 
ed " Acts " relating to roads, etc. 

" The Society was, in November, 1881, presented by Miss 
Atherstone with the valuable oil painting, by the well-known 
John Martin, of the Coronation of Queen Victoria. This 
had been from the first somewhat out of order, and the costly 
frame was broken and dilapidated. The picture has, during 
the last year, been put into thoroughly good condition and the 
frame repaired and re-gilt at the sole — and considerable — 
expense of our Vice-President, Mr. H. Duncan Skrine, who 
occupied the chair on the occasion of our last Bath meeting. 
Your Committee feel that the best thankg of the Society are 
due to him. The jricture has been removed from the Great 
Hall, and is now displayed in the Upper Museum, where it is 
less liable to injury. 

"The Photographic Record Committee have been actively at 
work during the past year. Their report will be presented to you. 

" Your Committee have taken into consideration the amount 
at which the buildings and collections were insured against 
fire, and have deemed it necessary to make substantial increases. 



6 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

" The title deeds relating to the various properties have 
been scheduled and placed in a box deposited with the 
Society's bankers. 

" Under the rules which you adopted at your Minehead 
meeting, in 1889, two branch societies have been formed in 
the county, both of which are doing good service, by keeping 
up the interest of not only their associates but the inhabitants 
generally of their respective localities, in the preservation of 
objects of antiquarian interest — a matter of the deepest im- 
portance, when it is remembered that their injury or destruc- 
tion is, as a rule, not attributable to mere wantonness but to 
ignorance of their value. The elder of the branches — the 
northern — ^has given special attention to the preparation, by 
those most competent to do so in the different localities, of 
parochial histories. Flax Bourton, Tickenham, and Barrow 
Gournay have already been issued, and we are informed that 
others are in preparation. Your Committee venture to recom- 
mend such work as being in many respects of superior value to 
mere detached papers. The other — the Axbridge — branch is 
also about to issue a volume of Proceedings. 

" Your Committee regret to have to record the death of the 
Right Hon. the Lord Carlingford, K.P., who sipce the year 
1889 had filled the office of Patron of your Society. The 
state of his health had for some years prevented his taking any 
personal part in your meetings, or in the work of the Society ; 
but he acted as its President for two consecutive years, 1884-5, 
and long took an active interest in its welfare. The vacancy 
caused by his death in the office of Patron should be filled up 
at this Annual Meeting. Under Rule ii the election is for life. 

" Your Committee also regret to report the death, at the age 
of ninety-two, of Col. Pinney, an original member of your 
Society, and one of your Vice-Presidents, who so long back as 
the year 1853 filled the position of President at your Yeovil 
meeting. His great age had prevented his attendance at our 
meetings for many years past, and to a large number of our 



Report of the CounciL 7 

younger members he was unknown ; but in bygone years he 
rendered the Society good service, and in many ways promoted 
its objects. . By his will, as already stated, he left the liberal 
legacy of £300 towards the repair of the Castle, but your 
Society was previously indebted to him for rebuilding the 
staircase turret to the Exchequer Tower, and also for the piece 
of garden ground at the N.E. comer of the Society's property. 

" The late Mr. Henry Alford, L.S.A., F.R.C.S., died on the 
29th June last, in his ninety-second year, * from old age.' He 
also was an original member of our Society, and ever since 
1859 — thirty-nine years — ^had been an elected member of your 
Committee. So long as his health and strength permitted he 
was a most regular and useful attendant at our meetings, and 
he never lost his interest in the Society or its pursuits. Your 
Committee feel great regret in recording his death. 

" The Right Hon. Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, Baronet and 
Privy Councillor, was one of the original Vice-Presidents of 
your Society, being at its inception a resident in the county. 
But his work was more especially devoted to public business of 
a different, and it may be a more important, character than that 
of your Society, and left little time for archseological pursuits. 
None the less, your Committee desire to express their regret 
at the loss of so valuable a life. 

"The Very Rev. Dr. Jex- Blake, Dean of Wells, has, ever 
since he came into the Diocese in 1891, been a regular atten- 
dant at the meetings of your Society, and has on numerous 
occasions been of material assistance to us ; your Committee 
have addei his name, as well as that of Bishop Hobhouse, an old 
and very valuable member, to the list of Vice-Presidents, which 
will be brought before you for confirmation in the usual course. 

" On the occasion of your Bridgwater meeting. Professor 
Burrows, Chichele Professor of Modern History at Oxford, 
was kind enough to contribute a valuable paper on Admiral 
Blake. In consideration of his eminence as an historian, your 
Committee recommend that he be invited to allow his name to 



8 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

be added to the list of * Honorary and Corresponding Mem- 
bers,' under Rule xiii/' 

Mr. HoBiiousB, M.P., in moving the adoption of the report, 
said that for the last fifty years the Society had laboured, and 
laboured successfully, to foster an interest throughout the 
county in all that was ancient, curious, rare, and beautiful. It 
had laboured to increase the knowledge of its members, and of 
the outside public in their county history, buildings, architec- 
ture, and works of any kind. He could not help thinking that 
if at this day there were many more Somersetshire men and 
Somersetshire women who felt interested in those great and eleva- 
ting subjects than there were fifty years ago, when that society 
was first formed in Taunton, they owed not a small debt to 
the labours of that Society. He sincerely hoped that the sup- 
port given to them throughout the county during the past 
fifty years would not grow less, but would steadily increase. 
They had just been reminded that their members, who were 
250 on the occasion of the first meeting, had now become 
over 600, but that to his mind was a small proportion of the 
people who ought to be interested in its efforts. They had 
veterans falling out of their ranks, and it was necessary that 
the gaps should be filled. Although he came from the east of 
the county, he recognized that no more appropriate head- 
quarters could be found for the Society than the building 
which now belonged to it, and which was justly denominated 
its noble habitation. Mr. Hobhouse went on to speak of the 
necessity of a good county history being prepared, and said 
that they wanted someone to bring together all the disjecta 
membra in the shape of papers, parish histories, &c., into one 
learned and at the same time readable work. He expressed 
the opinion that archaeological subjects had during the past 
few years rather overshadowed those relating to natural history. 
In conclusion, he said that the best thanks of the Society were 
due to Col. Bramble and the Rev. F. W, Weaver, the hon. 
secretaries, for their services. 



Report of the CounciL 9 

The Rev. E. H. Bates seconded the motion, which was 
carried. 

Mr. H. J. Badcock, the treasurer, presented the annual 
financial statements : 

JTreagurer's account. 

The Treasurer in Account voith the Somersetshire Archaological and NatunU 
History Society, from January 1st to December 31st, 1897, 



De. 



Ce. 



1897. 


£ 


•. 


d. 


1896. Dec. SUt. £ •. d. 


Bj Memben' Entranee Feet (46) ... 


24 


S 





To BaUnee of former Account ... 9 6 9 


„ liember»'^iitocriptioiuiiiarr«ar 








,, Expenaei attending Annual 

Heetlnff at Bridgwater ... 12 19 8 
^ Reportrrs' Notea of If eeUog ... 3 3 


(14 for 1896) 


7 


7 





M MemlNrrt' SubMripUoM (528) for 








1897 


276 


2 





„ Tranaciiblog Hago'i M8. of 










Atheinoy ... ... ...3 9 


" Tuiee(80) .f. 


10 




6 


„ Stationery. Printing, &c. ... 15 18 11 
„ Repaira, Caaea, Ac 3 16 9 


» NoD-Memben'ExennkmTteketo 


18 







„ Oferdnwn od Pottage of toI. 








„ PurebaaeofBooka,$pecinieni.fco. 8 7 8 


42 refunded 


1 







„ Coal and Gaa 20 4 1 


„ Muenm Adminion Fe« 


27 


5 10 


n Printing and Binding toI. 49 ... 64 6 5 
,, Carator'a Salary, one year, to 


,. DoiMtioii from GtastonbiUT Anti- 








qaAiian Soeiotx 


S 







Chriatmaa, 1897 105 


„ Dooatioii from CbarleeHill, Eeq. 


1 







„ Errand Boy 10 8 

„ Stamp for New Tmat Deed ... 10 


„ SeJeorPnbUeatioM 


5 IS 


1 










„ Inanrance 4 10 6 










„ Ratea and Tazea 18 6 S 










,, Sobacriptiona to Societica ... 8 IS 










:: s'SSSi^"!!*"^.^ ::: ::: W% 










Balanc 76 16 10 


£369 


4 


5 


£369 4 5 










H. J. BADCOCK, 










Treaaurer. 



Aog. 27tb, 1896. Examined and eompared with tbe voachera ) HOWARD MATNARD, 
and Bank Book, and found correct, / ALEX. HAMMKTT. 



Taunton <!!t:austle ifilegtoratton SwXb. 

Treasurer's Account from 1st January to 3 1st December, 1897, 



RiciiPTa. 


EXPXHOITDIX, 




1897. £ a. d. 


1896, Dec. Slat. 


£ a. d. 


ByBentaofPr«miaea... .. ... 54 11 9 


To Balance of former Account 


44 11 9 


„ RentaofCaatleUall 30 15 


„ Repaira to Property 


63 8 7 


„ Donation from Rev. IT. A. 






Daniel 10 


Ilooae 


1 15 


„ Meaan. Hancock 16 


„ Rat«rB and Tazea !!'. .'!.* 


9 15 4 


« Telephone Company Wayleare 


„ Qai 


2 19 2 


tor Wirea 2 


„ Sundry £xpen»e8,Caktle Hall, &c. 


2 3 10 




„ Inanrance 


3 16 6 


Balance 39 7 8 


„ Intereat on orerdrawn Account 


2 5 9 




„ Cheque Book 

£ 

H. J. BADCOCK 


2 


£130 17 11 


130 17 n 








Treaaurer. 





Aug. S'tb, 1898. Examined and compared with tlie Touchert ) HOWARD M AYNARD, 
and Bank Book, and found correct. J ALEX. UAMUhTT. 



Vol. XLiy (Third Series, Vol. IV), Part L 



10 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Prebendary Buller, vicar of North Curry, in moving the 
adoption of the accounts, said they could heartily congratulate 
themselves on the statements which had just been read. Having 
had many years' experience of the extraordinary business 
capacity of their friend and treasurer, there was no necessity 
for him to make any remarks on the figures presented. 

Dr. WiXTEiiBOxnAM seconded the resolution, and only 
hoped that the balance in their favour would not remain as a 
balance, but would be spent in promoting the various works of 
the Society. He congratulated the President on entering 
upon his second year of office, a compliment due to him for the 
admirable way in which he discharged the duties last year, 
and for the hospitality he showed on that occasion. 

The resolution was carried. 

The President proposed the election of the Earl of Cork 
and Orrery as patron of the Society, in the place of the late 
Lord Carlingford, whom he described as one of his most inti- 
mate friends for the last fifty years. It had been his pleasure 
to meet Lord Cork in a great number of capacities, and he 
could not recollect that at any time he had not seen him dis- 
tinguish himself in every one of them. He might say, in the 
words of the Latin author, Nihil quod tetigit non omavit. 

Mr. H. D. Skrine seconded, and said there was not a man 
in the county they could have chosen more fit for the oflSce. 

The motion was adopted. 

The Rev. Preb. Askwith proposed the re-election of the 
oflScers of the Society, with the addition of the Dean of Wells, 
and Bishop Hobhouse to the list of vice-presidents. 

Dr. NoRRis seconded. 

Lieut.-Col. Bramble said that as regarded spending money, 
he was expressing the views of the committee when he said 
that they were prepared to spend the whole of it, and as much 
more as the public liked to give them. There was this diffi- 
culty, with such a big building as they had there it was difficult 



Report of the Council, 1 1 

to spend a little money ; they wanted a great deal more than 
they had really got. 

The resolution was carried. 

Lieut.-Col. Bramble read a letter from Lord Cork, who 
expressed his regret at being unable to attend and enclosed a 
cheque for £10 towards the Restoration Fund. The Dean of 
Wells, who was in Scotland, and Canon Church, who had 
been called away to Belfast, also sent letters regretting their 
inability to be present. 

The Rev. F. W. Weaver presented a list of new members 
of the Society (sixty in number) and proposed that they be 
elected. He mentioned that when the Society met in Taunton 
in 1872, they had a membership of 370 and twenty-seven new 
members. Now they had a membership of 592 with sixty new 
members, making a total of 640. 

Preb. Holmes seconded the election of the new members, 
and the list was agreed to. 

Preb. Holmes, the Hon. Sec. of the Somerset Record 
Society, then made a statement as to the position of that 
Society, He said that it was doing a great work with regard 
to which Mr. Hobhouse had spoken, viz., towards acquiring a 
county history. The volume this year which they proposed 
to issue is the second volume of "Feet of Fines," by Mr. 
Green. Each volume of the Somerset Record Society cost 
about £100, and, after receiving money from the subscribers, 
they had about £7 or £8 in hand for transcriptions. They 
were financially in a very bad position, and more subscribers 
were needed. The Society was now searching for the Car- 
tulary of Athelney, which was in existence last century. 
They had found another cartulary of Muchelney, which 
confirmed the idea that Muchelney was foimded by King 
Ine. The Society had also obtained, and proposed to issue, 
a piece of Bishop Giffard's Register. He was only Bishop 
of Bath and Wells for three or four years and then he 
went to York. This register had been bound up with the 



12 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

York register, and it was only a few years ago recognised to 
be part of the register of Bath and Wells. It had been 
transcribed and sent to the Somerset Record Society, but for 
the future they had no plans, because their funds were so low. 
If they could not increase the number of subscribers, perhaps 
Mr. Green would come forward again and give them another 
volume of "Feet of Fines." In conclusion, Preb. Holmes 
mentioned that the Rev. E. H. Bates had been appointed 
honorary secretary in his place. 

Mr. C. H. BoTHAMLEY, presented the report of the Photo- 
graphic Record Council, which was only appointed last year, 
and the list as yet was only fragmentary. Through various 
causes httle progress had been made in the actual collection of 
photographs, but promises had been made of a large number 
of subjects, in various parts of the coimty. 

The President then rose amidst cheers to deliver his pre- 
sidential address. The Society having now completed fifty 
years of its existence, he thought it would be interesting to 
look back upon what had been done in the past as well as to 
look forward to what they were going to do in the future. 
Perhaps they could not now boast of such men as Dr. Buck- 
land ; Bishop Cliiford ; their great electrician, Andrew Crosse ; 
of the learned dissertations that were printed in their volumes 
by Mr. Hugo. But they had in the Society many excellent 
men, some of whom, he was sorry to say, could not be there. 
Amongst these were Mr. Ayshford Sanford, whom we wel- 
comed last year at Quantock Lodge, and who brought to 
earlier meetings of the Society Professor Boyd Dawkins, to 
whose learning we owe a great deal ; and the accomplished 
author of the " Origins of English History," Mr. Elton, who 
had told him (the President) he would have been present if it 
were possible. Then there was Mr, Luttrell, to whom they owed 



The Taunton Castle. 13 

the restoration of Cleeve Abbey, perhaps one of the most impor- 
tant things that had been done in connection with the Society. 
He had also restored the beautiful old castle and the two parish 
churches, which had now been thrown more or less into one. 
The Prej^idext then referred to the gentlemen who had at 
yarious times acted as secretaries to the Association, and after- 
wards dwelt upon the necessity for a classification of the docu- 
ments to be found in the Taunton Shire Hall. They had, he 
said, in the Shire Hall all the documents belonging to the county 
of Somerset for hundreds of years, and he was sure that their 
accomplished Clerk of Quarter Sessions and the Lord-Lieu- 
tenant of the county would assist anyone in having these docu- 
ments scheduled and catalogued. He thanked them for 
listening to him, and, although he felt he was not archaeolo- 
gian enough to occupy the presidency, yet " Can a man do 
more than he can do ? " was his motto, and so long as he could 
do anything to promote the welfare of the Society he would 
be at their service. 

Bishop BiiowNLOW% in proposing a vote of thanks to the 
President for his address, mentioned that Dr. Jessop had 
written a recent article in the Nineteenth Century^ which was 
founded on one of the volumes of the Somerset Record 
Society. He thought that by similar articles much practical 
good might be done, as there were very few parishes in 
England that could go back as far as parishes in Somerset. 

Preb. CoLEMAX seconded, and the vote of thanks was 
heartily accorded. 

The President having suitably responded, the members 
attended a luncheon in the Castle Hall, hospitably given 
by the Mayor of Taunton. 



Caunton Castle. 

After lunch many of the members proceeded to witness the 
laying of the foundation stone of the new Technical Institute 



14 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

for the town, and subsequently a move was made towards the 
Castle, from the courtyard of which Mr. Buckle gave a 
description of that building.* 

Mr. E. Sloper said the common opinion was that King 
Ine built a castle there, but the Saxons did not build castles, 
they founded towns only during the progress of the early 
conquest, neither, in his opinion, did Bishop Giffard build the 
castle. The founder of the building was Henri of Blois, Bishop 
of Winchester, in the year 1138, and the authority for that 
statement was based on the Cottonian MS. Domit., A. xiii, 
known as the Annals of the Church of Winchester. The weir 
which held up the waters of the Tone and conveyed them to 
the moat was called French Weir, simply because this French- 
man, Henri of Blois, built it for the purposes of the defence of 
his new castle. 

Cbe Council C^ambet. 

A visit was next paid to the Council Chamber and Municipal 
Buildings, where the party were received by the Mayor, who 
showed the visitors the original charter of the borough granted 
by Chas. I. It was lost at the time of the restoration, but in 
the year 1677, at the instance of Bishop Mew, the charter was 
restored. In the year 1 792, however, it was again lost, because the 
town failed to comply with the conditions on which the charter 
was granted. As they all knew, the charter was restored, 
and it had been in existence for the past twenty-one years. 
The Mayor drew attention to the spacious mayoral chair, 
which, he said, was of Taunton manufacture. It was formed 
out of an old oak tree found in the bed of the river Tone, 
The borough arms, in needlework, made from part of an altar 
cloth in St. Mary's Church, and presented by Dr. Cottle, were 
next shown; also an address from Taunton, U.S.A., received 

* Mr. Buckle's account of the Castle was based upon the papers by the Rev. 
F. Warre and Mr. 6. T. Clark, which have been printed in vols, iv and zviii 
of the Proceedings, 



St. Manfs Church. 15 

in the year 1885, the frame of which, it was interesting to note, 
was made out of timbers of the Hawkj which ship went out 
with the MaiifloweTy which took out the Puritan fathers. The 
present Council Chamber was originally the dormitory of the 
old Grrammar School, and the hall they had met in at the 
opening of the proceedings was the schoolroom. He mentioned 
that that was the first meeting held in it since its restoration. 



The party then proceeded to view the facade of the Devon 
and Somerset Stores, which was originally the " Old White 
Hart" Hotel, where the notorious Judge Jeffreys lodged 
during the time of the " Bloody Assize," held in Taunton. A 
fine group of half-timbered houses adjoining was next inspected. 
The principal building, now the West Somerset Stores, was 
originally the town-house of the Portman family, and is in 
excellent preservation. It bears the date 1578. 



%u ^arp'0 C{)utc{). 

The beauUful old church of St. Mary Magdalene was next 
visited, and its fine proportions, elaborate decorations and 
interesting features were much admired. Taking up a position 
at the lectern, Mr. Buckle gave a description of the church. 
Beginning by stating that they would all agree that was an ex- 
ceptionally fine church, Mr. Buckle went on to say that the 
plan was rather curious, because on either side of the nave was 
a narrow aisle, and then beyond that a very wide aisle. The 
natural assumption, therefore, was that the church originally 
consisted of the nave and a narrow aisle on each side, but that 
when it became desirable to enlarge the church it was decided 
to build other and larger aisles outside the original aisles. 
Speaking generally, St. Mary's church may be called a Perpen- 



16 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

dicular church of two dates. Most of the windows belonged 
to the ordinary Perpendicular of the loth century, whilst the 
main arcade and the clerestory are of the rich and elaborate 
style which developed at the beginning of the 16th century. 
But the arcade on the north side was of a very much earlier 
and simpler style, and it had been the habit to describe that as 
the oldest part of the church. He did not believe that the 
arcade was genuine ; that was to say, it was rebuilt during the 
Perpendicular period, at one of the times when the church had 
a great enlargement, and that those pillars and arches were 
taken from some other part of the church and rebuilt as they 
saw them now. The bases and capitals, which belonged to a 
later period than the pillars, seemed to prove this. It was to 
be observed that there was a difference between the east and 
west portions of this arcade. The three western arches were 
slightly wider than the corresponding arches of the nave and 
opposite aisle, so that the piers supporting them were thrown a 
little out of line with the other piers across the church ; prob- 
ably, the spacing of the piers was determined by the widths of 
the old arches which were to be rebuilt. But the remaining 
piers were truly lined with the other arcades and supported 
narrow four-centred arches — another sign that the work was 
actually of Perpendicular date.* The same capital was used 
here also in the chancel, so that we might fairly assume that 
this arcade was rebuilt at the same time as the lower part of 
the chancel was rebuilding, that is to say, at the first of the 
two Perpendicular enlargements. Other signs of the early 
church remained in the arch labels of round section and some 
of the corbels re-used in the narrow north aisle. 

The first Perpendicular church included the wide north 
aisle, with its windows, the lower part of the chancel with its 
chapels, and the eastern half of the wide south aisle. There 
was a great rebuilding at a subsequent period. On the right 

^irioualy enough Wilton church has early piers of precisely the same 
, rebuilt at the same period with similar caps and four-centred arches over. 



St. Manjs Church. 17 

hand side of the south porch there was a date, 1508, and the 
greater portion of the church as it now stands was erected 
then — including the nave and clerestory, the angel capitals and 
the numerous niches, and the very handsome roof. And not 
only so, but the tower was rebuilt at the same time, as 
appeared from a will discovered by Mr. W. George, which 
shows the tower was building in 1503, and provides for a 
timber cross in the churchyard set upon a stone base.* 

In regard to the chancel, it was remarkable that there was 
no provision for a rood screen, and there was no doubt that 
this part of the church was raised at the time of the great re- 
building. The east window was curious in regard to the 
arrangement of the tracery, the three centre lights and the 
tracery above forming in themselves a complete window and 
the other tracery filled in all around. The section of the 
piers supporting the chancel arch was changed at about five 
feet above the floor, and the change of design was artfully 
hidden by converting the original hollow mouldings into 
niches ; but there was much confusion and apparent change of 
plan about the carrying up of these piers. And the same was 
true about the cross arohes springing from these piers. The 
fragments of painted glass in the windows were mostly of 
fifteenth century work, and in the centre light of the west 
w^indow were the initials " R.B.," with a merchant's mark 
underneath. In the tower there were also four initials — 
"R.B.," "A.S." — which had given rise to considerable con- 
jecture as to what they meant. There were two persons of 
note living at that period — Richard Bere, Abbot of Glaston- 
bury, whose initials were to be found on St. Margaret's 
Hospital, just outside Taunton ; and Sir Reginald Bray, about 
whom there was a tradition that he was architect to Henry 
VII, by whom it was thought by some the great towers of 

• See vol. XXX. i. 94. The description of the cross is inaccurately printed, 
and should run — **It : I will that myn execut.rice make a newe crnsse of tree 

{»furiiied wt stone in the foote set and wrought in churchyard of Mary Magda- 
eyn n^'gh the proceission wey." 

Vol. XL! y (Third SiricM, Vol. IV), Part L c 



18 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Somerset were built. But St. Margaret's Hospital was in the 
parish of West Monkton, and the Abbot of Glastonbury had 
nothing to do with Taunton, and it was extremely improbable 
that a great soldier like Sir Reginald Bray was also a great 
architect. He (Mr. Buckle) thought they might put down 
the initials to two benefactors, and the shield with the 
merchant's mark made it clear that " R.B." was a merchant 
of Taunton. When the tower was rebuilt, only four ancient 
stones were re-used, the two canopies over the stoups for holy 
'water, on either side of the western entrance, and the 
elaborately carved spandrils over the doorway, which, how- 
ever, had been very much restored. The subject of the one 
appeared to be the miracle of St. Gregory's Mass, and the 
other represented the appearance of our Lord to Mary ^lag- 
dalene in the (xarden of Gethsemane. In the latter there 
appeared outside the garden fence a kneeling figure of a bene- 
factor in civil dress. The carving had been so much restored 
that no confidence could be placed in the dress of this figure, 
but, so far as it went, this carving supplied a further argument 
that the tower was built by the tradesmen of the town, rather 
than from a royal grant. 

The late 'parapet round the south aisle furnished another 
clue to the benefactors of this date in the coat. A bend between 
two leaves^ impaling A fret within a bordure, with, apparently, 
a dog for crest. As to the tower it was one of the grandest 
in the county. It was said to be 131 feet high and the 
pinnacles 32 feet, making a total of 163 feet high. It was 
covered with elaborate carving from the bottom right up to 
the top. It was emphatically built in the Somersetshire style, 
an argument against Sir Reginald Bray having had any hand 
in its design, and a vast amount of money and eflfort must have 
been spent upon it, but not with such complete success as they 
could wish. There was no growth of richness towards the 
top, so that the tower lacked unity and proportion, and 
perhaps on that account it was a pity that Hammet-street had 



St. Marff^s Church. 19 

been opened up so as to expose the whole of the tower to view. 
On the north wall of the church was a life-size figure of 
Robert Graj, the founder of the Almshouses in East-street, 
and under it the quaint lines — 

"Tannton bore him, London bred him, 
Piety trained him» virtue led him ; 
Earth enrich'd him, heaven cares*t him, 
Taanton blest him, London blest him. 
This thankful town, that mindful city. 
Share his piety and his pity. 
What he gave, and how he gave it. 
Ask the poor, and you shall have it. 
Gentle reader, heaven may strike 
Thy tender heart to do the like ; 
And now thy eyes have read the story, 
Give him the praise and heaven the glory." 

• *^tatis 8WB 65, Anno Domini 1635. " 

At the invitation of the Vicar, the Rev. Preb. Askwitii, 
the party proceeded to the vestry to inspect the registers and 
the old plate. There were two old registers on view, the one 
belonging to Queen Elizabeth^s reign, and the other used 
during the time of Monmouth^s rebellion. A note in the 
latter records the fact that burials were inten-upted during the 
rebellion, and it was interesting to observe that Monmouth's 
followers are invariably called "rebels'" in the registers. The 
holy vessels which are still in use, consist of two silver-gilt 
flagons, presented in 1639, two silver-gilt chalices, given in 
1630 and 1639, and a silver salver, with a Latin inscription 
surrounding an engraving of the Castle. These vessels were, 
after the landing of the Prince of Orange at Torbay, buried, to 
preserve them from the hands of spoilers. 

The party next proceeded to St. James' Church, passing on 
their way through St. Mary's Vicarage grounds, where they 
had an opportunity of seeing the only remains that are left of 
the earth-work that was raised round Taunton during the 
siege. 



20 Fiftieth Annual Meciing. 

9t. fames' Cburcb* 

This church Mr. Buckle described as a very great 
contrast to that of St. Mary's. It was, however, a straight- 
forward example of a Perpendicular church of about the 15th 
century. The nave and the aisles appear to have been en- 
tirely re-built about that time, but the chancel was entirely 
modern. It was a type of church which was rather unusual 
in Somerset, with its three wide barrel roofs. The enormously 
wide arch at the east end of the arcade was a very remarkable 
feature, and the purpose presumably was to enable a larger 
number of people to see into the chancel. There was a very 
elaborate font under the tower, which, he was sorry to say, had 
been restored, so that it was difficult to say what parts of the 
carving were original and what parts modem. It was octa- 
gonal in shape, with three figures on each side, so that alto- 
gether there were twenty-four figures, including the twelve 
Apostles. Above the font they saw the fine vault of the 
tower. It was a singularly beautiful tower, and was almost 
identical with the one at Bishop's Lydeard, but the latter was 
in one sense, more perfect because it had the original parapet 
and pinnacles on the top. The outline and general effect of 
the tower were remarkably beautiful, and deserved to be looked 
at from many points of view, particularly from the bridge over 
the Tone. In his opinion that tower was a considerably 
greater work of art than the great tower of St. Mary Magda- 
lene, although nothing like the same amount of money had 
been spent upon it. 



Cfje Ipriotp TBatn. 

A move was next made to what is known as the Priory 
Barn, one of the old farm buildings belonging to the Priory at 
Taunton, which, in olden times, stood at the end of the town* 
Little or nothing of the original building remains. 



Grays Almshouses^ 21 

Mr. E. Sloper gave some few particulars of the old Priory, 
from which it appeared to have been founded in 1125. An 
earlier monastery existed at Taunton, before the Norman 
Conquest. He said it had always been a puzzle to him where 
that monastery stood. In the town there was a street called 
Paul Street, and further on there was a farm called Pool Farm, 
where ancient remains and a pitched paved way were to be 
seen on the west side of the farm buildings. The former he 
regarded as the site of the earlier monastery, and it was known 
that many of the lesser monasteries were absorbed by the 
greater ones, prior to the Con(|uest. It was not mentioned in 
Domesday, but was alluded to in charters, and specially men- 
tioned in connection with rendering certain customs to the 
king in the 11th century. The word Pool in regard to Pool 
Farm he considered was a corruption of Paul, to which saint 
the monastery was probably dedicated. This saint's name 
was spelt Poole, Poule, and Powle, in mediaeval times. 



A visit was next made to Gray's Almshouses in East Street, 
Taunton, which were founded, as a tablet on the f a9ade records, 
in the year 1635, by Robert Gray, whose virtues are described 
on a tablet to his memory in St. Mary's church. The quaint 
old rooms were inspected with interest, and the chapel in 
particular attracted much attention. Here is still preserved 
the old Bible, printed in 1634, which was used at the foimda- 
tion of the almshouses, and the various readers who are 
appointed by the inmates utilize the blank pages of the book 
for the purpose of inscribing their names therein. The build- 
ing, both interior and exterior, is in an excellent state of pre- 
servation* The inspection of this place concluded the first 
day's tour. 



22 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

(ZEttentng a^eettng. 

In the evening, a meeting was held in the Castle Hall for 
Papers and discussions. The President occupied the chair, 
and was supported by the Mayor, and the Rev. F. W. Weaver. 



laeD Deer on tte IXuantockiB!. 

The President read a paper on "Red Deer on the 
Quantocks." He said that the origin of his reading that 
paper was that in his last address as President at Bridgwater 
he was reported to have used these words : — " There was a 
general belief that, as on Exmoor, which had been a Royal 
forest from time immemorial, so on the Quantocks red deer 
had been for centuries. These beautiful animals, however, 
were claimed to have been first turned out on the Quantocks 
by Mr. C. E. J. Esdaile's father, and this was confirmed by 
Lord Ebrington." He would now wish to withdraw Lord 
Ebrington's confirmation, which was given by him in his book 
on staghunting, because last winter he met him and asked him 
about this question, whereupon he told him that he (Mr. 
Stanley) had been his authority on the question of Mr. Esdaile 
turning the deer out. He (the President) had thought Lord 
Ebrington had independent knowledge of his own of what 
was in the documents belonging to the Esdaile family, but 
he was quite prepared to take the responsibility upon himself. 
The Rev. Mr. (xreswell wrote a letter to the Somerset County 
Gazette on the subject, and seemed to have to a certain degree 
convinced the editing secretary of that society. 

The Rev. F. W. Weaver : I am not responsible for all I 
print. 

The President, proceeding, said he was glad to find that 
the committee cordially agreed with his suggestion that he 
should read a paper on the red deer on the Quantocks. He 
hoped they would be very lenient to him, as a study of 



The Red Deer on the Qiiantocks. 23 

Domesdaj was one of the most fearful things he had ever 
undergone, and it was very difficult to understand. Mr. 
Stanley then read his paper, which was of an interesting 
character, and in which he said there was no proof at all 
that in old days there were more deer on the Quantocks 
than in any other part of England, and also asserted that the 
forest laws did not apply to the Quantocks. He said : I will 
first take Mr. Greswell's arguments which have been printed 
with my address, and then proceed to his other arguments. 
Lcland certainly observed that there was a red deer park in the 
bottom at Nether Stowey, and another of fallow, but these 
deer in a park are not the red deer for which we are looking, 
but park deer, fenced in and not ranging over the hills. Mr. 
Weaver also says that Mr. Greswell brings evidence forward 
to show that a large portion of this part of Somerset was 
accounted " forest " from Domesday downwards. We are, 1 
believe, at all events Mr. Greswell and I are, willing to accept 
Mr. Eyton, generally, as our authority. Now what, does he 
say positively, preface, page 34? — "The Somerset survey 
names no king's forest at all under any specific name of such 
forest, but it gives the expanses of such forests in the large 
areas of wood and pasture which it annexes to certain manors 
of the Vetus Dominicum CoroncB. The Royal forests of 
Somerset thus vaguely noticed by a technicality of Domesday, 
proved in the following century to be five in number — Exmoor, 
Neroche, Selwood, Mendip and North Petherton. Though in 
a Domesday point of view the Royal forests may be said to 
have been annexed to the Royal manors, this must be under- 
stood collectively of both. No particular forest can be pointed 
out as having been apportioned to a particular manor. A 
mass of Royal Forest was annexed for instance to the three 
Royal Manors of Carhampton, Williton and Cannington. 
They had among them 14,400 acres of wood and 21,600 of 
pasture, in all 36,000 acres, which, though not altogether 
forest in a physical sense, were afforested in a technical sense. 



24 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

that 18, deemed to pertain to the King's Forest." This Is the 
paragraph which Mr. (ires well quotes, leaving out "for in- 
stance," which connects the paragraph with what has gone 
before, (ioing on to page 130, where details of the north- 
western manors of Somerset are considered, we find " On the 
whole the Domesday measurements of the above territory 
exceed the measures of the corresponding parishes by 214,585 
— 198,119, that is 16,466 acres. There can be but one con- 
struction of all this. It is that much of the woodland and 
pasture attributed by Domesday to the King's Manors and to 
other manors of this region really comprehended forests and 
uplands pervading districts which were geogi'aphically external. 
When we come to the North Petherton Manor and Hundred, 
for instance, we shall see that none of the King's Forest of 
North Petherton was deemed by Domesday to be appurtenant 
thereto, and there are other like instances." As regards West 
Monkton Manor, says Mr. Eyton, p. 164, the difference of the 
" two measurements was probably King's Forest, and accredited 
in Domesday like North Petherton Forest to the Royal 
Manors of South and North Somerset." But this only affects 
the Domesday survey, which does not separate the forests 
from other manors ; but a century later we find bounds of the 
forests described, and a century later still we find the peram- 
bulation of the forests taking place, and what had long been 
promised carried out, that the lands that had been added to 
the forests by the kings were disafforested. Near the Quantocks 
the only forest was North Petherton, the names of whose 
rangers have come down to us, and one of them, Sabina Peche, 
who made P. de Hamme her deputy, who acted as ranger of 
the king's forests in Somerset, we read had Newhalle, in 
Holford. The tenants here had their lands by the service of 
attending at Petherton Park in fawning season, or paying a 
fine for non-attendance ; this service was afterwards changed 
(Collinson, vol. iii, p. 457) into a certain rent, and is still paid. 
Would she (the ranger) have sent those who held under her to 



The Red Deer on the Quantochs, 25 

North Petherton if there had been special fawning on the Quan 
tocks ? This may be the origin of a curious dispute about a pay- 
ment from Holford to North Petherton. Red deer existed over 
all England at one time, and whether they ceased to exist or not 
is a matter of evidence. Is there anything to show that two 
hundred years ago, at any particular time, there were any red 
deer on the Quantocks ? Lord Ebrington has the records of 
the North Devon Staghounds, and the "no doubt with justice" 
of Lord Ebrington's corroboration, I freely withdraw, be- 
cause it was based on the circumstances which 1 told him 
myself. But I can quote his authority that there is no record 
of any deer having been ever hunted on Quantock by the 
North Devon Staghounds. Mr. Greswell's evidence is based 
on his disbelief of what I have written regarding Mr. Esdaile 
and Mr. Crosse's authority in a poem on a stag hunt. As 
for the first point I believe Mr. E. J. Esdaile was on Cothel- 
stone-hill, as Mr. Greswell suggests, on the occasion of 
the earliest visit, but did not announce that he had turned 
out deer on a neighbouring property. As to Mr. Crosse's 
writing on " The Walks on the Quantocks," this I found 
was written and read before this association in 1854, Sep- 
tember 12th ; this is more than fifteen years after Mr. Esdaile 
began turning out the deer, and if they were red deer that 
Mr. Crosse saw, they were probably some of them. But it seems 
to be forgotten that there was a herd of fallow deer (that 
got out of Crowcombe Park as I have heard), which existed in 
Lord Taunton's time, and was hunted by Wodrow, and I 
suspect the great electrician might in the dead of night have 
made a mistake with them. The poem said to be on a stag 
hunt appears at page 62 of " Mcmoriah of Andrew Crosse^''' 
hut it is " Lines on a red deer turned out before the staghounds 
on Broomfield Hill." If there had been red deer on the Quan- 
tocks the carted deer would not have been resorted to. I have 
not l)een able to find any date for this poem, nor any account of 
the carted deer on Broomfield Hill. The passage out of " The 

fV. XLl V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part I. t> 



26 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

Walks on the Quantocks " \% as follows : — " Often have 1 
stumbled on the red deer while crossing the hills at the dead of 
uight or disturbed the fox with the light of my lantern." I 
should suggest that he mistook the fallow deer for red deer in 
his nightly walk with a lantern. The occurrence that I men- 
tioned to Lord Ebrington was that the late Mr. E. J. Esdaile 
having kindly come to see me, when he for a time partly 
recovered his health, walked around the house at Quantock, 
which he had not seen after Lord Taunton had finally finished 
it, and talked to me of old things. I asked him about the red 
deer. He said, " I turned out the first on the Quantocks." I 
asked him where, and he said at the top of Cockercombe. I 
find from Mr. Charles Esdaile, his son, that this must have 
been ministerially on his part, as his grandfather, also Mr. E. 
J. Esdaile, was alive, and the son no doubfe assisted at the en- 
largement of the deer. I went to London a few days after his 
visit, and when I came back to Somerset in the autumn his 
old disease had returned and I never had any more talk with 
him about Somerset days, which I had much looked forward to 
doing. The extracts from Mr. E. J. Esdaile, sen.'s, diary, 
with which I have been favoured, show — " that in 1833, during 
and all through the winter months, a hind was often seen in the 
woods on Quantocks. She was twice found and hunted by 
some harriers. I cannot find out she had been seen during 
1834. In 1836 mention is made of a stag's horn being picked 
up in 'one of our (Mr. Esdaile's) plantations by the keeper.' 
In May, 1839, three hinds from Dulverton were turned out in 
Cockercombe, one five, one three, and the other one year old. 
There is reason to believe that the first mentioned beat her 
way back again on May 18, 1840. I turned out two more hinds 
on Quantock, one of which — a ten-years-old de2r — had been 
turned out before the staghounds on (iibb Hill on the 15th, 
and after a chase of seven hours was re-taken at Heath V 
House, near Hunt^pill — fifteen miles from Bridgwatei-." In 
another account she was said to be uncarted. So much for Mr. 



The Red Deer on the Qaantocks. 27 

Esdaile's journal ; now for the evidence of Wm. Palmer, 
frankly given by Mr. Greswell, and another Wm. Palmer, who 
died this spring, who say they did not see the red deer on the 
Quantocks till about the same time — ^between 1830-40. I 
would observe that Mr. Esdaile was a sportsman second to 
none on the Quantocks. He was given the command by Mr. 
Xewton Fellowes, afterwards Lord Portsmouth — who had 
failed to do so on the previous day — to kill a deer for Sir F. 
Knight, the details of which are given Collyns, p. 172 ; and he, 
possessed of ample means, may be fairly given as being as high 
an authority as we can get. Well, who were the Wm. 
Palmers ? Why, the son and relation of tlohn Palmer, well 
known on the Quantocks as the votary of sport, though I may 
say never on his own land. However, he died just ninety 
years of age, a favourite with all, and who said to my wife that 
he liked to see her, but he wanted now to see the 'squire, be- 
cause he kept him alive ^vith his brown sherry. Well, is not 
this a most extraordinary undesigned coincidence, that these 
two in their different classes of life should attribute the same 
time for the introduction of red deer into the Quantocks, the 
first from his knowledge of what he had done himself and the 
other from his observation of what he had seen on the Quan- 
tocks ? Mr. GresweU assumes that the Quantocks were really 
a Royal forest ; he says that the red deer were protected by 
the forest laws. It they had been Sabina Peche and P. de 
Hamme would not have sent people to North Petherton at 
fawning time, and, indeed, they would have been themselves 
the rangers. As for the argument from what Leland saw at 
Nether Stowey, of course I am aware of it, as part of the land 
now belongs to Mrs. Stanley, and I have often read the 
passage in Leland. There is an argument that the permission 
to enclose shows the existence of deer, as they were to stock 
the enclosed park. But I submit that the Nether Stowey deer 
park is not on the Quantocks at all. I know the ground well ; 
bought from H. Harvey by Sir P. Acland and Lord Taunton, 



28 Fiftidh Annual Meeting. 

to whom it came from Mr. Balch ; it is the old manor of Lord 
Audley. The land is below Nether Stowey village in what 
Leland calls a pretty bottom. At Coripole, now Currypool, 
there was a deer park in 1585 ; at Quantoxhead the Luttrells, 
at Cothelstone the Stawells, had a deer park, but I submit that 
there were just as many deer parks away from the borders of 
the Quantocks, and two of these were not on the Quantocks. 
Mr. Speke, of Whitelackington, Mr. Champernowae in the 
same neighbourhood, and the largest deer park of all, the one 
at Hinton St. George, are the proofs that I would adduce. 
Besides these three there was the Bishop of Winchester's 
larger deer park near Taunton, of which Cardinal Beaufort 
made Sir H. Luttrell ranger. There is no proof that the 
Cardinal ever o\\Tied Halsway except that his natural daughter, 
wife of Sir E. Stradling, is supposed to have done so, and Mr. 
Warre's allusion to his hunting on the Quantocks is of too 
frivolous a character to view it as an historical statement. In 
later years Col. Luttrell (that would be after 1848) found deer 
on the Quantocks when he kept the foxhoimds, but they were 
not found in the earlier part of the century. In 1867 the 
Field newspaper congratulated Sir T. Acland, Lord Taunton 
and others, on the fact of a herd being established on the 
Quantocks. In 1846 1 find the first meet recorded in Mr, 
Collyns' book. A lady who lives at Marsh Mills and whose 
father was a most intimate friend of Mr. Tom Poole, tells me 
she never remembers hearing of the red deer having been in 
their time on the Quantocks. In the Coleridge- Wordsworth 
time there is no allusion to them. I cannot find any evidence 
that there were red deer on the Quantocks for 150 or 200 
years before Mr. Esdaile turned some out, and Mr. Bisset con- 
tinued to do so, except occasional deer, which appeared there, 
as one did some years ago at Street, and one for the last four 
years at Clovelly. I find it was not a Koyal Forest or the 
deer there protected by the forest laws, and I may fairly claim 
that they had not been on Quantoek before 1839, since 



The Red Deer on the Quantocks. 29 

the time that they generally became extinct in England. 

The Rev. F. W. Weaver read extracts from a paper by 
Rev. W. Greswell, who was unable to attend. It took a some- 
what different view of the subject, coinciding with that taken 
by the late Rev. F. Warre (Som. Arch. Soc. Proceedings^ 
V. xii). Mr. Greswell's paper, or rather the substance of it, 
appeared in the Somerset County Gazette for October 8th, 1898. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Buowxlow read a learned paper 
on the divisions of the Bishoprics of Wessex {see Part II). 

The PuEsiDEXT cordially thanked Bishop Brownlow for 
his paper, and expressed pleasure that the late Bishop Clifford's 
successor showed such ability and willingness to assist them in 
their discussions. 

The Rev. Preb. Holmes rose to thank Bishop Brownlow 
for his valuable paper, and for calling attention to the Craw- 
ford Charters, and though too late for a serious discussion, 
would remark that up to the appearance of these documents it 
would seem that all our infomnation was derived from one 
source. There was no evidence at Rome, either of the letter 
of Pope Formosus to the bishops of England, audito nefandos^ 
or of the threat which was averted by the consecrations in 911. 
The bishop had referred to Wilkins, Mansi, Cosart, Labbe 
and Jaffe, but all these gave as the authority for their 
statement William of Malmesbmy, who gave one account 
in his Gesta Regum and the other in his Gesta Pontic 
ficiiin. The Crawford papers, however, seem to suggest that 
the statements made in the Canterbury, Winchester, and Cot- 
tonian MSS. may not have been founded on Malmesbury, but 
on something earlier, and that probably Malmesbury had before 
him some archetype which was an attempt to explain the 
question, and of which he gave part in his Gesta Regum and 
part in his Gesta Pontificum. The second point he would 
remark on was that the consecration of the bishops could not 
have l)een earlier than 910, since Asser of Sherborne did not 
die till 909, or Frithstan of Winchester before 906. De Gray 



30 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Birch's heading to the document concerning the consecration 
gives it as from Formosus to Eadward, which is ridiculous, 
seeing that the Pope died five years before Eadward became 
king:. It seems, therefore, that an attempt has been made, and 
probably as early as the time of Duustan, to make as one story 
facts connected with two events. First there was the letter 
which is probable, and cannot reasonably be rejected, of Pope 
Formosus, 891-896, to the English bishops, in condemnation 
of the deplorable condition of the English Church. Organiza- 
tion was wanting, sees were vacant, and heathenism was gain- 
ing ground again. Then there may have been another message, 
probably sent by Pope Sergius IV, which was followed by 
the consecrations. It was hardly likely that there had ever 
been any signatures to the charter, because it would almost 
seem that the charter was only an after-thought, drawn up to 
give an appearance of authority to an historical explanation of 
an event that had occurred three generations previously. 

The Rev. Mr. RiciiAUD^iox read a paper on St. Anne's 
Chapel, Brislington. 

This closed the evening's proceedings. 

^econD Dap'0 pcoceeliing0. 

Wednesday was devoted to an excursion to the churches on 
the moors lying to the east of Taunton, including the parishes 
of Ruishton, Creech St. Michael, North Curry, Stoke St. 
Gregory, and Thornfalcon. A start was made punctually at 
9.30 in brakes from Castle Green, the party numbering about 
a hundred. 

iRutdbton Cbuccb. 

The first place visited was Ruishton, where the church was 
inspected. Mr. BrcKLE, before going inside, drew attention 
to the charming little tower. They would notice that its 
general character was similar to a great many round about 



Raishton Church. 31 

that part, and particularly it was like St. James's, Taunton, 
and Bishop's Lydeard, only on a smaller scale, and in a difFer- 
coloured stone. Ruishton tower was built of blue lias, whereas 
the Taunton towers were built of red sandstone in each 
case, with Ham stone dressings. The smallness of the tower, 
combined with such magnificent and effective richness, had a 
striking effect. It was a remarkable tower in another way, 
because they happened to know its date. In Mr. Weaver's 
book on Wills they found money left for its building in 1530 
and 1533. Considering the lateness of the date, the building 
was of an exceedingly pure style, there being nothing to 
suggest that it was absolutely at the end of the Perpendicular 
period. According to tradition, the tower was never finished, 
and this seemed likely to be true. At any rate, the parapet 
and pinnacles were now missing, and if they were ever put up, 
they must have been taken down. In looking at the tower it 
would be seen that the intention of the builder was to have a 
parapet and pinnacles. There was a fragment of a cross in 
the churchyard, and at the corner of the church was a stone 
on the coign carved with the figure of a priest in the act of 
benediction. Proceeding inside the building, Mr. Buckle 
pointed out the fragment of a Norman doorway. The chapel 
and probably also the walls of the chancel were of the early 
English period, probably 12th century. The east window of 
the chapel was very charming, with delicate tracery. It was 
a form of geometrical window which was met with here and 
there round about Somerset, the most noteworthy being that at 
Middlezoy, which they visited last year. All the rest of the 
church was, as usual. Perpendicular. They would notice how 
curiously the church was planned, the chancel being completely 
out of line with the nave, with a little window near the pulpit 
looking from the nave into the chancel, and a doorway leading 
from the chancel into the chapel. The arcade between the 
chapel and the nave was a pretty piece of work. The font 
was a remarkable example, richly carved all over, and stand- 



32 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

ing upon five legs. There were some fragments of old wood 
carving in the present reredos, which probably came from the 
screen, as there clearly was a rood screen there. On the north 
was a large staircase, with a pretty window in it. In front of 
the reredos was a beautiful picture, of which he would be glad 
to hear the history. 

Prebendary Ask with said the tradition was that in the 
last century the picture was presented to the church by a 
member of Mr. Murray Anderdon's family, of Henlade, but 
no record could be found of it. Probably about that time a 
great many Flemish pictures came to England and were pre- 
sented to churches, as this one was said to have been. 

The Rejf.'^'*fi£>^|JJATEs kindly sends the following note: 
" Among^TOi^tlJ^gmCTfe^ glass in the windows is a 

represenfction of a chafllBjI^fe/yellow stain,' interesting in that 
the foot^£^ev«bj^lice has 8|l)^all toes at each projecting angle. 
This ornanteifealion^jsflifi jfii fashion from 1490 to 1510, or 
thereabouts." •'•?.' 



Cceecb %t s^icbael Cburct)* 

The party were next driven to Creech St. Michael, and 
proceeding to the church they were received by the Vicar, the 
Rev. James Bownes. Mr. Buckle, in describing the features 
of the building, said that at first glance they would be 
inclined to say that this was a thoroughly Perpendicular 
church, with the exception of the arches they came in by ; but 
the contrary was the fact. Almost the entire walls of the 
church were of the 12th century, and the large nave was 
of that date. The outer arch of the porch was in the charac- 
teristic Somerset style, which was called " Early Somerset.'' 
They would notice in the tower that two of the arches were 
Early English, but that looking into the aisle towards the 
west was a Perpendicular arch, which was inserted when the 
aisle was added. The upper part of the early tower reraained, 




a: 

o 

06 
H 



X 
u 
a: 

X 

u 
> 

u 

H 
O 

z 



North Curry Church. 33 

but above that a Perpendicular belfry had beeu added, as was 
often the case. Though the old walls remained, with the 
exception of the arches and the south porch, there was 
nothing left of the features of the early church. All the 
windows had been inserted at later periods. The most re- 
markable feature of the chapel on the north was a gallery in 
the thickness of the wall which formed the approach to the 
rood loft, through a doorway which was now blocked. There 
w as a great deal that was very rich about the Perpendicular 
work, and there were two nice niches on the pillars besides 
some elaborate work leading into the transept. The w indows 
in the transept were curious, the lower ones having quaint 
cusping. The roof was very rich and had elaborate carvings. 
A piece of the rood screen remained, which had been cut 
off just above the lower panels. There were some fragments 
about the chancel of other old wood work, and there were a 
few bench ends. A curious desk was made out of a variety 
of these fragments, which bore the date 1634. The church 
contained a monument in the north chapel of the Cuff family. 
Outside, over the west window, was a figure of the Trinity. 
The stocks were still standing in the churchyard under one of 
the two fine old yew trees. 

The Rev. J. Bowxbs exhibited the communion plate and 
the registers, the earliest date of the latter being 1641. Dur- 
ing a discussj^n on the origin of the name of the parish, Pre- 
bendary AsKWiTH expressed the opinion that it was derived- 
from '* creek." 

j(3ortb Currp Cburcb. 

The next church visited was that at North Curry, which is 
considered to be one of the finest edifices of its kind in the 
county. Mr. Buckle, in describing its features, first of all 
called attention to its remarkably fine octagonal tower. There 
were, he said, a good many octagonal towers scattered about 

rU. XLl V (Thtrd Strits, Vol. IV), Part L k 



34 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Somerset, such as at Stoke St. Gregory, which they would 
visit that afternoon, South Petherton, Bishop's Hull, and 
Pitminster. But in almost every case they were the work of 
the latter part of the 12th century, very early in the Early 
English style. As a rule they found that the tower was raised 
afterwards in the Perpendicular period, and another storey 
put on. But except for that one at North Curry, he did not 
think there was any example in the county of a tower of that 
form which was begun so late as that apparently was. There 
appeared to be nothing earlier in that church than 1300. The 
principal part of the tower, the belfry storey and the octagon 
appeared to be later than that, but the piers and arches re- 
maining in the centre of the church under the tower, and the 
transepts were of the beginning of the Decorated period. The 
elaborate moulding of the pillars with the capitals, and then 
the internal arches of the two windows in the transepts — all 
that work was also of this date. Thus, they had an example 
of a cruciform church, with central octagonal tower, founded 
at this comparatively late date. The church then built was 
without aisles, and the chancel and nave were of the same 
large size as at present. He called attention to the very 
curious arrangement of the tower piers ; there were two 
elaborately moulded piers on the east side, whereas on the 
west side there were comparatively plain ones, and, in both 
cases, there were stone seats carried round the base, an 
unusual feature to find in a building which was only a parish 
church. In reference to that, he might remark that North 
Curry church was often called " the cathedral of the moors," 
on account of its grandeur, and of the way in which it over- 
looked the moor. The church had not been built any length 
of time before it became desirable to add on aisles, which was 
done about the middle of the 14th century, but they were 
not so lofty as those of to-day, consequently the original 
arches were not so lofty as at present. With regard to the 
original church, although the nave was of the same size as 



North Curry Church. 35 

the present, he should explain that it was not nearly so 
high and was covered with a pointed roof. When the aisles 
were added clerestory w^indows were put in, and the position of 
those windows could now be clearly traced below the present 
clerestory, while in two places they had been opened after 
having been for some time sealed up. At the time that the 
aisles were added a porch in a rather curious position on the 
north side immediately to the west of the north transept was 
destroyed. The second enlargement appeared to have been a 
heightening, there being no addition to the church unless the 
south porch was entirely of that date. Outside the porch they 
would observe three niches. The original window of the south 
transept was still there, and at the east end of the chancel 
there were indications of the pointed roof. There were a 
couple of interesting monuments, one in the north aisle and one 
in the chapel, while another striking object was a fine candel- 
abrum depending from the roof in the middle of the nave. In 
the churchyard at the time of the Dissolution there was a 
chantry chapel, a separate building which must have been of 
considerable size and great elaboration. When the chantries 
were abolished the building materials of the chapel were valued 
at £15, which must have been a very large sum to give for old 
materials in those days. If they multiplied it by ten they 
would get an approximation to its modern value. 

Lieut.-Col. Bramble proceeded to give some information 
respecting the monuments. He said the one in the chancel 
would correspond with the decorated portion of the church. 
It was the effigy of a civilian in the dress of the latter half of 
the 14th century, about 1360. It had on a lay gown with tight 
sleeves coming to the wrist, over that other sleeves ending just 
below the elbow, and over that again a kind of tippet. There 
was a remarkable number of these effigies both in Somerset- 
shire and elsewhere. This effigy had its head resting on a 
cushion, and at one time there was an angel supporting the 
figure, but the angel had all been cut away except one hand 



36 Piftictk Annual Meetiny, 

supporting the head, and the other resting on the shoulder. 
With regard to the other effigy the vicar had asked him 
whether it had come from the Abbey of Athelney, but the fact 
that it was an emaciated figure, not a skeleton but a cadaver^ 
did not necessarily imply that it came from a monastic estab- 
lishment. It was the fashion in those days to represent persons 
in the same way as they were when lying in the tomb. Under- 
neath the effigy were figures dressed as friars telling their 
beads. It might have come from Athelney, but there was 
nothing on it to lead him to conclude that it did. 

Preb. BuLLER, the vicar, was called upon to say a few 
words. He stated that the monument in the chancel had an 
inscription upon it, it was either tlohn or Thomas of Slough,* 
that was Slough Farm. He found in the register that Bishop 
Ralph, of Shrewsbury, in January, 1337, gave two licenses to 
John of Slough, of North Curry, to have divine service cele- 
brated in his oratory at Slough for a year (S.R.S. ix, 315). 
That effigy might represent the person. 

Mr. Buckle added that there was a Norman doorway in 
the north aisle which had belonged to an earlier church, and 
been rebuilt in its present position. The old parish registers 
and the communion plate were then inspected, and there was 
also shown a couple of pewters which were in use in public 
houses at the time of the Commonwealth, and which were in- 
troduced into churches by the Puritans to show their disregard 
for the sacredness of material things. 

luncbeon at a^ocenon. 

The party next proceeded to Moredon, where they were hos- 
])itably entertained to luncheon by Major and Mrs. Barrett. 

At the conclusion of the repast. 

The PuKSiDENT (Mr. Stanley) thanked Major and Mrss. 
Barrett for the splendid hospitality which they had shown. 

* [1 read the iniicription *' Thoma [ ]ore atte Sloo."— Ed.] 



Slouffh House. 37 

Personally, he had so often enjoyed their hospitality that 
he knew what it always was, and he was sure that that 
day they were most grateful to them for continuing the kind- 
ness which they showed to the Society twenty-six years ago. 
He (the President) only hoped that Major and Mrs. Barrett 
would be willing to show them the same hospitality twenty- 
six years hence. Every detail that could possibly have been 
thought of had been attended to in order to ensure the com- 
plete satisfaction of the guests. 

" The health of Major and Mrs. Barrett and their family " 
was drimk with enthusiastic cheers. 

Major Barrett replied, and said he coukl assure the 
company that it had given Mrs. Barrett and himself very 
great pleasure indeed to receive the Society a second time. 
When he heard that they were coming to INorth Curry his 
mind was carried back to their last visit, and he was surprised 
to hear from Mr. Bidgood that it was so long ago as twenty- 
six years. He was very glad to hear that there was a chance 
of that fine old room, the Castle Hall, being turned to some 
good accoimt, for it had been rather a cause of anxiety to him 
not to see it used to better purposes. The inhabitants of 
Taunton must feel grateful to the Society for having preserved 
to them such an historic building as Taunton Castle, and it 
was, therefore, their duty to support the Society, the member- 
ship of which, he trusted, would increase. 

The company then adjourned to the grounds, where a 
further pleasant time was spent in strolling about, the weather 
being delightful. 

The party was next driven to Slough House, which, by 
kind permission of the owner, the Hon. H. P. Gore-Langton, 
and of Mr. Thomas Hembrow, the tenant, was thrown open to 
inspection. The building is in a good state of preservation, 
and it has all the proportions of an Elizabethan manor house. 



38 Fiftieth Annnnl Meeting. 

The party, or as many as con Id j.ret into one of the principal 
rooms, having assembled, Mr, Bickle proceeded to give a 
description of the building. He said that the room in which 
they were gathered was part of the hall. They would have 
noticed as they came in that the porch had a beautiful facing 
of stone in alternate courses of blue Has and Ham Hill, which 
made altogether a very charming variety of colour. On enter- 
ing the porch they passed through a screen of timber, and 
afterwards they found themselves in another narrow passage 
before entering that roomr *>That passage was originally part 
of the hall, which tb^ ex|elind as far as the timber screen. 
The house was otthe 1 fitK^ipinMry, and the style of the archi- 
tccture was (iothifef .^'InsteS^', oftJia^^ a large open roof, 
however, this hall hdd'^%fine tSn^ffikp^il^g with rooms over. 
At the principal end (irtke hall ^^^^'ould have expected to 
find one, if not two baVfa%idow^^ and, indeed, two arches 
remained, one of which or^jH^ led into a bay window, the 
other into a recess which originally contained a flight of steps 
going downward, and passing through a doorway. Where the 
door led to he could not say ; perhaps to the moat, possibly 
only to a ceUar. 

Mr. Hem broav, the tenant, showed a portion of carved stone- 
work, which was discovered in a wall of the building during 
some repairs, and was considered to have been part of the 
ancient oratory which was formerly there. 

The Rev. H. F. S. Gukxey, vicar of Stoke St. Gregory, 
expressed his opinion that the house had a history as far back 
as King John, and there were formerly a Jack of Slough and a 
Jack of Knapp, who had to provide a feast in accordance with 
the customs of the manor. 

After the inspection, Lieut.-Col. Bramble, on behalf of 
the Society, thanked Mr. Hembrow very cordially for his 
kindness in allowing them to visit the house, and Mr. Hem- 
BUOAV, in reply, said he was very pleased to have had the 
opportunity of letting the members see it. 




STOKE ST. GREGORY TOWER, FROM NORTH-WEST. 



Stoke St. Gregory Church. 39 

The Rev. E. H. Bates sends the following additional notes 
on Slough Court : 

The original owners of this place, from which they took 
their name of " de la Slo " or " at Sloo," seem to have given 
place during the reign of Richard II to the family of Montague 
of Sutton Montis and Weston Bampfield in this county. On 
the death of the head of the family, temp. Henry VIII, these 
two manors passed to three co-heiresses and their descendants ; 
but Slough seems to have been settled at some earlier date on 
a younger son, and the arms of Montague appear on an Eliza- 
bethan tomb in the churchyard. The Rev. H. F. S. Gurney, 
vicar of Stoke St. Gregory, has found in the register entries 
relating to the family down to 1600, when they seem to have 
died out. Slough afterwards belonged to the family of Court, 
and several monmnents will be found in the south transept of 
Stoke Church. 

The church of Stoke St. Gregory was next visited, which 
Mr. Buckle said was similar in many respects to the one at 
North Curry, but the foundation was considerably older. 
Here the octagonal tower was of the early date, when octagonal 
towers were commonly built, namely, the latter part of the 
12th century. The original church, like the one at North 
Curry, was of cruciform shape without aisles. The church 
must be regarded to some extent as the one from which the 
builders at North Curry took their design, although they 
might have brought more skill to bear upon it and had more 
funds to work upon. The nave at Stoke St, Gregory was 
wider than the transepts. But the builder wanted to get a 
true octagon over the crossing, and in order to do so he had to 
get a true square base. Consequently the arches into the 
transepts were made thicker and richer than the nave and 
chancel arch ; above these arches the squinches under the 



40 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

octagon were visible within the church. These arches had no 
capitals, but they had most remarkable bases, which when un- 
covered at the restoration turned out to be Early English 
capitals upside down. It was a great conundrum how they 
got in that position. It would be observed that the whole of 
those arches were built of Ham stone, whereas the upper part 
of the tower and the upper ring of the side arches were built of 
the native stone — a very beautiful grey sandstone. It had 
been suggested that at some time or other the original sand- 
stone arches had been taken down and re-erected in Ham 
stone. In the south transept there were two windows of the 
early period, but he thought beyond that there was nothing 
left of the original 12th century church, and the whole of the 
present architectural features with the exception of those he 
had mentioned, dated from the latter part of the 15th century, 
the period when the aisles were added. It was interesting to 
note that in the churchyard, on the north side of the church, 
* there was an altar tomb with quatrefoils round it, and upon 
the centre panel of each side were the Montacute arms with 
the initials J. M., while the Montacute coat was repeated on 
two capitals in the south transept. Of the furniture of the 
church the font was, perhaps, the most remarkable feature. It 
was an octagonal font with quatrefoils worked round it, one on 
each face. Four patterns were used, each being repeated on 
two adjoining sides. Though it was ingeniously worked he did 
not think anybody could say it was a beautiful font. A good 
many of the bench ends remained. The pulpit was a very in- 
teresting piece of carved woodwork, the figures thereon repre- 
senting Time, Faith, Hope and Charity, on each of which the 
symbols were very strongly marked, and a fifth towards the 
east, which was extremely puzzling. A large reading desk 
formerly stood in the church, but this had now been converted 
into a vestry cupboard. On this were figures of women, with 
oil lamps, supposed to represent the five wise virgins. Mr. 
Buckle, in conclusion, drew attention to the stocks which 



Conversazione, 41 

could be seen in the churchyard, under a yew tree, as at 
Creech St. Michael. 

The Rev. H. F. S. Gurxey afterwards showed the church- 
plate and the registers in the schoolroom. 

Cbornfalcon Cburcb. 

From Stoke St. Gregory the drive was continued to the 
small but picturesque churcli of Thornfalcon. The visitors 
were met by the Rev. tl. D. Bailey, the curate-in-charge, and 
Lieut.-Col. Bk AMBLK, in the absence of Mr. Buckle, gave some 
particulars of the building. He said that it was a 14th century 
church, with reticulated windows with quatrefoils. There 
used to be a rood loft over the entrance to the chancel, ex- 
tending along the top of the screen, and the marks where the 
screen had been fixed were still visible. There being no 
clerestory, a window had been put in on the north side, almost 
parallel with the screen, to light the rood loft. On the other 
side another window had been put in to light the pulpit. 
There were several interesting bench ends, and the dates had 
been carried on since, one being 1542. Just inside the entrance 
to the doorway was a holy-water basin, and inside the church 
on the south side was a kind of niche, almost resembling an 
almonry, the purpose of which was not known. 

In response to the kind invitation of Major and Mrs. 
Chisholm Batten, the members adjourned to the rectory lawn 
for tea. This over, and Mr. E. J. Stanley, M.P., having, on 
behalf of the Society, thanked Major and Mrs. Chisholm 
Batten for their kind hospitality, the homeward joiuney was 
commenced, Taunton being reached about seven o'clock, thus 
bringing a most enjoyable and interesting excursion to a close. 

Contiersa^tone. 

In the evening a conversazione was held in the Castle Hall, 
and there was a very good attendance, Mr. Stanley, M.P., 

VoL XLI V (Third Strwi, Vol. 1 V), Part /. » 



42 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

and the Bishop of Clifton being among those present. Mr. F. 
W. Baker's Taunton quadrille band was engaged for the 
occasion. Songs were given by Mr. Frank White and Miss 
Barnicott, and the remainder of the evening was devoted to 
conversation among the members. 



CbttD Dap's proceeDtngs 

On Thursday an excursion was made to the 

Cttp of Ureter. 

The Great Western Railway Company, with their usual readi- 
ness on such occasions, issued excursion tickets for the visit, 
and the intention was to provide special carriages by the 10.18 
a.m. express train. The party, however, proved to be a larger 
one than was anticipated, numbering altogether 100. Mr. 
Lailey, the stationmaster, thereupon promptly made arrange- 
ments for a special train to convey the visitors, which left 
Taunton at 10.20, running in advance of the regular express. 
Exeter was reached without stopping, after a smart run of 
forty minutes. The party at once proceeded to the ancient 
(xuildhall, where they were received in state by the Mayor 
(Alderman Pople), the Sheriff (Mr. Delpratt Harris), and the 
Deputy-Mayor (Alderman Pring). 

The Mayor expressed the great pleasure it gave him, on 
behalf of the Corporation, to welcome the Society to Exeter. 
He mentioned that some twenty-five years ago the city was 
honoured by a visit of the members of the Archasological 
Society of Great Britain, who, during their stay, were so pleased 
with what they saw that they subsequently presented to the city 
the gold chain of office which he was then wearing. The Town 
Clerk (Mr. Shorto) was present, and would be pleased to show 
them some of the old records, and give a description of them. 

Mr. E. J. St AXLE V, M.P., as President of the Society, 



The City of Exeter. 43 

thanked the Mayor for the kind way in which he had received 
them. They had only gone four times out of the county of 
Somerset since the Society had been in existence, and they 
thought that, as they were now celebrating their tJubilee, they 
could not do better than spend one day in a city which was, 
perhaps, more interesting than any other in their immediate 
neighbourhood. If the Town Clerk would be good enough to 
show them some of the ancient documents it would afford them 
very much pleasure. 

The Towx Clerk then explained that the Guildhall was 
built in the year 1330, and the walls and the roof were the 
same as the original structure. The fine oak panelling round 
the hall was put up in the year 1588. It was formerly painted 
and grained to represent mahogany until about twelve years 
ago, when such an undesirable covering was removed. They 
would notice some fine paintings on the walls. One was a 
portrait of Princess Henrietta, daughter of Charles I, bom 
in Exeter, and another was of General Monk, who took such 
a leading part in the Restoration of Charles II. Both pictures 
were painted by Sir Peter Leley. Some swords were next 
shown, one of which was presented to the city by Edward I, 
and another by Henry VII. The Town Clerk proceeded to 
give an interesting summary of the history of Exeter from 
early times. There were 2,000 old deeds and 48 Royal 
Charters. These had of late all been carefully arranged by Mr. 
Stuart Moore, of the Record office. One of the oldest charters 
they had was in the reign of Henry II. The common seal of 
Exeter was passed round among the company for inspection. 
It had, said the Town Clerk, been in use for over 600 years. 
He had been told that the common seal used in Taunton was 
very similar to that of Exeter, but some people thought that 
that of Taunton was a reproduction of the one at Exeter. 
The wax imprint of the seal of the Somerset towTi was also 
handed round for inspection, and the Town Clerk said that it 
seemed very clear that both were made by the same man. 



44 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

€bt CatDeDrai. 

A visit was next made to the Cathedral, so rich in archi- 
tectural beaut J of form and colour. The party was received 
by Canon Edmonds, who for about two hours entertained 
his listeners with a most interesting, lucid, and scholarly des- 
cription of the principal features of the noble pile. The Canon 
having been cordially thanked for his address, 

A move was next made to " MoVs Coffee House " (a build- 
ing of 1 >i)6), and St. Martin's Church was afterwards visited. 
By this time the visitors were ready for luncheon, which was 
served at the New London Hotel. The afternoon was spent 
in visiting the Castle, St. Pancras Church, St. Mary Arches 
Church, and St. Mary Steps Church, while a few went to 
the Museum. The return journey was made in the special 
train at 4.52, Taunton being reached about 5.45. This brought 
third day's proceedings to an end, and the general expression 
was that the visit had been a most enjoyable one, and the 
beautifully fine weather added much to the pleasure. 



€bt JFourtt) Dap's ProceeDtngs. 

The members assembled at half-past nine on Friday morn- 
ing for a tour in brakes through the Norton and Bishop's 
Lydeard district. The first halting place was 

jQorton jFit^toatren Ctjuttt), 

where the services of Mr. BiCK le were, as usual, requisitioned. 
He pointed out that the walls of the church were for the most 
part very modern, and as to how far they were a reproduction 
of the old work he could not tell. The chancel, at any rate, 
seemed entirely modern, and all the windows were formed in 
the new stone, but in all probability the windows were repro- 
ductions of the old. The arcade supporting the nave from the 



Norton Fitzwarren Church. 45 

aisle was apparently original 13th centurj work, but it seemed 
to have been considerably altered, and he should think it must 
have been taken down and rebuilt, with the exception of the 
respond next the tower. A great feature of the church was 
the tower. It had true grandeur of a simple character, but 
with rather elaborate carving at a few points. The tower, so 
to speak, was a straggler, so close to Taunton ; in character it 
resembled those to be found in West Somerset — at Minehead 
and St. Decuman's, and on the other side of the Quantocks. 
They met several of them in their expeditions from Bridg- 
water the previous year. Here, however, it seemed curious to 
find a tower of this type mixed in with the much richer towers 
with which the district aboimds. Besides the two at Taunton, 
others they were going to visit at Bishop's Lydeard and 
Lydeard St. Lawrence, would prove to be fine specimens of 
the more elaborate tower which they generally met with in the 
middle of Somerset, so that that tower seemed in some degree 
to be out of place. Almost the only decorative features were 
the elaborate niche head on the south and the very large 
gargoyles to be found on all sides and at different levels. 
Another point of interest about the church was the screen. 
The figures standing on the rood loft were modem, and some 
of the mouldings on the top of the cornice, but except that, the 
screen itself was all old, and in an uncommonly good state of 
preservation. The cornice was a very remarkable one on 
account of the curious variation in the carving. The upper 
range of moulding (a grape vine of the ordinary character) was 
on a very coarse scale, and seemed to be more suitable for the 
roof. It was surprising to find it in its present position, 
especially when they saw the delicate succession of mouldings 
below, and it seemed to him a question whether that particular 
moulding belonged to the screen at all. The grape- vine below 
was full of the most delicate work, and the grapes and leaves 
were on a much smaller scale. They certainly could not have 
been carved by the same people for the same purpose. The 



46 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

moulding below that again was a very curious one. Right in 
the centre they saw a plough, drawn by three pair of oxen and 
driven by a man with a whip over his shoulder. After that 
came some very curious figures, including a man with a bow, 
which seemed to him to have got out of place. He thought 
the carvings in that moulding had been taken down some time 
or other and had not been put together properly. The man as 
at present placed seemed to be shooting the oxen, and if they 
looked further along they saw some hounds which appeared to 
belong to the man with the bow. In addition to those things 
mentioned there were two dragons, one swallowing a man. 
Farther along still they came across the inscription " Raphe 
Harris, C.W.," implying that he was churchwarden at the 
time the screen was first erected. That was very interesting, 
for although they were quite used to seeing churchwardens' 
names on work carved out during the last two hundred years, 
it was by no means so usual to find churchwardens putting 
their names on work at the beginning of the 16th century. 
At the extreme end there were two figures — probably intended 
for women — one having hold of the other's hair, while in the 
other hand each held a rod. 

The Rector, the Rev. W. Prowse Hewett, read an 
extract from the Church Times of 1886, with regard to the 
screen, which was as follows : — " The screen at Norton is 
little known. Forty years ago, the rich painting and gilding 
were daubed over a light oak colour. It has suffered too in 
other ways. When the church was defaced, at the time of 
the restoration, it was entirely taken down, and only put back 
by the energy of the present rector, and then against the ad- 
vice of most of the neighbouring clergy. It was pieced 
together in an entirely difterent manner to the original in 
order to fit the new chancel arch, and has, therefore, lost much 
of its value. Its chief glory, however, is in a wonderful 
series of animals carved on the lower side of the beam, repre- 
senting the devastation of the country by a dragon or crocodile, 



CothelsUme Manor House, 47 

its chase and final overthrow by a man armed with a bow and 
arrows. There is a most spirited piece of carving where the 
lieast swallows a man whole. The part representing the death 
of the dragon was stolen from the church, but was rescued by 
the rector from a curiosity shop in Taunton, and was replaced. 
The carving referred to a legend of a dragon having devas- 
tated the valley between Norton an4 Williton, finally meeting 
its death at Norton. The date of the screen is about 1500, 
and has on it the name of Raphe Harris, who was church- 
warden at the time, and was buried at the west end of the 
church 1509 a.d." 

Cbe £D1D Eoman Encampment 

The company next adjourned to some fields at the rear of 
the church which were formerly the site of an old Roman 
encampment. Mr. Bidgood made a few remarks relative to 
this, which he has since embodied in a paper {see Part II). 

Con)el0tone a^anor l^ouse. 

This was the next stopping place, and the Rev. W. 
EsDAii^E gave a brief account of the Stawell family, who 
were the original owners of the manor. Sir John Stawell was 
the most distinguished member of the family, and he lived in 
the time of Charles I, and raised three troops of cavalry and 
one of infantry in support of the king's forces. He had a 
skirmish with Blake's forces at Bishop's Lydeard, but was 
defeated, and returned to Cothelstone, and then the mansion 
was destroyed — at any rate the greater part of it — by Blake. 
The house was restored in 1855-6 by the speaker's grandfather, 
and it was generally admitted to have been carefully restored 
in accordance with the original. Mr. Esdaile then read a long 
account of Sir John Stawell's funeral, and mentioned that he 
had no less than fourteen sons and seven daughters. 



48 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

Mr. Buckle followed with a description of the manor house, 
which, he said, was a most remarkable building. The general 
idea of the building was Tudor, as shown by its base course, 
and string course, and wide mullioned windows, but, associated 
with these features, were some of Renaissance character. The 
mullions were treated as balusters, not onlj on the outside but 
on the inside, each of which died against a square post into 
which the glass was fitted. The buttresses were most extra- 
ordinary. The small bases they stood upon were just like the 
pedestals of classical columns. As they rose they were 
diminished like classical columns, and on the top of the string 
course they were finished with pinnacles formed of ungainly 
pieces of carving. Then there was a very quaint gate-house, 
with distinctly classical arches, and some niches of very 
classical type with scaUop shell at head. Inside the gate-house 
they found a couple of fine openings of the purest perpen- 
dicular, and if they looked at the tablet bearing the coat-of- 
arms over the doorway, they would see that the treatment of 
the Heraldry was of Jacobean character, but was enclosed in 
a very flat four-centred arch of quite a Tudor kind. It was a 
very remarkable build iug, forming a sort of link between the 
latest Tudor work and the Renaissance, but whether the whole 
of the buildings were of that same date he could not say. On 
one side there was a chimney of a very gothic character, and 
it seemed to him as though the building must once have been 
a thorough Tudor building. 

Col. Bramble pointed out that on one of the pinnacles of 
the house was a cannon ball, and when the Society were there 
last it was on the table. 



Con)elstone Cburcl). 

A visit was afterwards paid to the church at the rear of the 
manor house, the principal interest in which Mr. Buckle ex- 
plained consisted in the moniunents of the Stawell family. Sir 




o 

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Z, 

o 

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u 



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Cothebtone Church. 49 

John was buried on one side of the chancel and another 
member of the family on the other, and there were two tombs 
each with two figures on them in the side chapel. Keallj the 
whole of the church was an Early English one, although it 
had perpendicular windows inserted. The whole of the walls 
of the nave and chancel, and the walls of the chapel were E. E., 
and there was a very plain E. E. arch leading into the tower. 
It was an exceedingly simple church, the arch and the chancel 
arch being about as plain as they could be. The tower had 
one curious feature about it on>^^e outside, and that was that 
it had been raised in modeq|[L.iti^es in rather curious fashion. 
Over by the old belfry j^ stniig'oQurse at the bottom of the 
parapet remains with/i&^ygoyr^^-^t the parapet had been 
taken oiT. Mr. Buckle l^|b.ajjhided tj^^e^'carved bench ends, 
on one or two of which, Sk^|^ the ^ftij^the StaweU arms 

appeared. ^^^^^ ^^^ 

Col. Bramble afterwards dellJRMwin detail, the figures 
on the tombs in the chapel. ^^ 

The Bev. E. H. Bates sends the following additional notes 
on Cothelstone : 

^* In the upper lights of the windows on the south side of the 
church are some good figures of English saints : — 1, S. Thomas 
of Hereford (Cantelupe) ; 2, S. Ealdhelm of Sherborne ; 3, S. 
Cuthbert of Durham ; 4, S. Dunstan of Glastonbury (with 
the tongs); 5, S. Thomas of Canterbury; 6, S. Kichard of 
Chichester (de la Wych)." 

The Rev. W. Gbeswell has kindly sent the following 
notes on Cothelston : 

I derive Cothelston from Cotele ton^ the ton or town of 
Coteley a name well known in Somerset in early records, and in 
Cornwall. It has nothing to do with a '^ stone.'* Cotele is 
Welsh or Keltic, not Saxon or Norman. There is CV'^^/^-asch 
on Mendip. 

Cothelston, a capella dependens, i.e., chapel dependent on 
Kingston. Together with Kingston, it was probably an early 

Vol, XL J V (Third SericM, Vol. I V), Part L o 



50 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

endowment to the Priory and Convent of Taunton. It was 
William Giffard, Bishop of Winchester (\\21\ who gave 
Kingston to Taunton Priory. Ecclesiam de Kingestona cum 
capellis ct pertinentiis suis. 

The dividing line between Cothelston and Kingston is a clearly 
marked fence running down from the ridge of Quantock. Part 
of Cothelston is on Quantock. Merridge Hill is, I believe, in 
Cothelston, but the Spaxton parishioners have common rights 
on Merridge Hill. Merridge is an outlying member of Spaxton. 

In CoUinson (1790) Tirhill House appears as possession of 
Thomas Slocomb. " Tirhill, with a park ascending almost to 
the top of Quantock Hill." In Greenwood's Somersetshire 
Delineated^ 1821 : " Cothelston House, which till lately has 
been designated Tirhill House, is now the residence of Edward 
Jeffries Esdaile." 

In Queen Elizabeth's time there is this notice : " Sir John 
Stawell, knt., hath one grounde inclosed for deere at Cothelston 
of one myle compas and keapeth twoo mares according to the 
statute." (See Green's Somerset and the Armada^ p. 48.) 

St. Agnes Well, with an ancient stone canopy, near the 
road. In the adjoining field *^ a nunnery " is said to have 
existed, and the site is pointed out by old men. I can find 
nothing else to corroborate the idea of a " nunnery," but the 
Prior and Convent of Taunton may have had a small lodging 
or cell here. 

The walnut tree has been mentioned before in Proceedings of 
Som. Arch. Society. It was blown down in 1896. In Jeboult's 
History of fVest Somerset^ it is said : " On this manor a strange 
old custom prevails. Certain tenements are held by payment 
of so many bushels of rye. The tenants are called Rye Renters.'^ 

In a note on Durandus I see the following remark about the 
" glory " or " nimbus " round the head of a saint on one of the 
church windows : — " The nearest contemporary effigy of a 
saint which we have observed in stained glass is that of S. 
Thomas of Hereford, in the church of Cothelston, Somerset- 



CotheUtone Church. 51 

shire. Here the * glory ' is, as usual, of a circular shape." 

Sometimes the nimbus was four-square, representing the four 
cardinal virtues. Why S. Thomas of Hereford should appear 
here I do not know. 

Manor House. This is very interesting, as the home of the 
Stawells. A Sir John Stawell figures in the Elizabethan days 
as one of the most active men in the county in opposing the 
" Armada," and a Sir John Stawell also figures afterwards as 
a staunch Koyalist. He suiFered much at the hands of the 
Parliamentarians. His fine woods were cut down and sold. 

The Stawells {see Collins's Peerage^ vol. viii) were said to 
have been of Norman extraction. They first took their name 
from Stawel, in the parish of Murlinch in the county of 
Somerset. They lived at Cothelston in the 13th century. 

The " line " ended in Mary, only daughter of Edward, 4th 
Lord Stawel, who married, September 3, 1750, the Right Hon. 
Henry Bilson Legge, fourth son of William, first Earl of 
Dartmouth. 

I find in an old parish rate book that the Stawells are rated 
for Cothelston Farm in 1789, apparently the last time. Curi- 
ously enough, a John Gibbs is rated for Cothelston Farm in 
1781 and 1785. 

After this the property is rated to Edward tleffreys, and so 
to the Esdailes. 

In 1786, we gather from Savage's History of Taunton^ 
p. 273, that ''John Hammet, James Esdaile Hammet and 
Edward Jefiries Esdaile, Esquires, had a grant of the office of 
bailifiT of the bailiwick of Taunton and Taunton Deane, and of 
sealers of weights and measures within the castle, borough, and 
lordship of Taunton." 

John Hammet and James Esdaile Hammet are described as 
sons of Benjamin Hammet, alderman of the City of London ; 
Edward Jeffries Esdaile, son of William Esdaile, of the said 
City of London, banker. 

{See also Diet. Nat. Biography^ under Esdaile.) 



52 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

lBi0bop'0 UpDearo Cbutcb. 

A move was next made to Bishop's Ljdeard church, which 
proved to be of unusual interest. Mr. Buckle was again 
called upon to point out its leading features. The church, he 
said, contained many features of great interest. The inside 
was noted for the great quantity and variety of the carvings 
to be found there, but, perhaps, the most interesting thing 
about the whole church was the tower. It must be regarded 
as quite one of the most successful in the whole of the county. 
It was not only exceedingly successful as it stood, but it was 
rather remarkable in this county because it was a tower which 
had never been altered since it was first designed. In by far 
the majority of our towers of the first class a very much 
richer, though perhaps heavier parapet and set of pinnacles 
had been added, but this church retained the original parapet 
and pinnacles. The original design remained perfect from the 
base to the topmost pinnacle. It was very nearly identical 
with St. James's, Taunton, but there were some points of 
difl^erence. This tower, for instance, was rather straighter — 
the buttresses were not so much inclined, and the working out 
of the detail was distinctly superior to that at St. James's. 
The author of this tower knew exactly from the time he 
started what he was going to do. In St. James's tower the 
designer got into difficulties at the belfry storey — he had not 
put the base of two buttresses quite in the right place, but he 
got over his error in a most ingenious way and built a 
beautiful tower. This was a case where at each comer of the 
tower there was a great group of buttresses, but what made the 
principal show were the two buttresses at right angles at each 
comer. They were carried up to the belfry storey, and oppo- 
site the belfry windows they finished in pinnacles which were 
set diagonally to the buttresses on which they stood, and these 
pinnacles were connected with the belfry wall by a thin wall 
of stone to prevent daylight appearing between the tower and 




BISHOP'S LYDEARD TOWER, FROM SOUTH-EAST 



Bishop^s Lydeard Church, 53 

pinnacle, but at the top they were nearly detached. That pair 
of buttresses did not lean against the tower, but against a 
buttress of four faces, which at the belfiy storey changed into 
a plain square buttress set diagonally to the tower. This 
diagonal buttress was carried up through the tower and 
became the base of the pinnacle. That complicated, but per- 
fectly fitting arrangement of buttresses, proved that the 
designer worked out every detail of the tower before he com- 
menced building. Cheddar church had another absolutely 
perfect tower, but in by far the majority of instances the 
architect got into difficulties before they were finished. This 
tower was beautifully designed from base to top. 

A brief discussion followed between Mr. Buckle and Mr. 
C. H. Fox, of Wellington, as to^ where the money came from 
for the building of these chur^c^^4rf|i^i3^ which the Vicar, the 
Kev. W. F. Eustace, inq^ik^*^jit";a^^ Buckle 

assigned to the tower, and h^replied that ]i-W6i|ld'not be later 
than about 1470. (k^^ ^^ \- 

Mr. Buckle then pointed ou1f-b»c^r*»Jtfo features of in- 
terest to be found in the churchyard. A^fhe lower end of the 
churchyard, he said, stood a churchyard cross with a good 
deal of carving about it, but the actual cross was modern. On 
the lower half of the shaft and the steps, and on the base of 
the shaft, were the figures of the twelve Apostles and other 
carved figures, which it was difficult to make out the meaning 
of. A little further to the right were fragments of another 
cross, the market cross, which about forty years ago was 
brought in from the road. The most interesting feature of the 
latter was the head of the cross, which had been replaced. 
Only the front was visible, and there were to be found, as 
usual, figures of the Virgin and Child, and other figures so 
dilapidated that nothing could be made of them. 

The party then moved into the church, where Mr. Buckle 
was once more called upon. He explained that in the inside 
of that church they had work of two different dates of the Per- 



54 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

pendicular period. The two arcades on the two sides of the 
nave were entirely different. One was a very low one, and the 
other was rather lofty. The low arcade represented the earlier 
stage of the building, when the aisles were narrower than they 
were at present, and the whole height of the church was con- 
siderably less. The chancel was a curious shape, the eastern 
part being a good deal narrower than the western. The chan- 
cel arch had been enlarged, and at the same time one bay of the 
chancel had been widened in a very ingenious way. The prob- 
ability was that the old church had a north aisle, and the people 
who built the loftier southern arcade intended, in course of 
time, to have gone on and put a similar arcade on the other 
side. The aisle on the south side appeared to be contem- 
poraneous with the tower. The north aisle was entirely new. 
The original aisle was narrower and lower, and did not extend 
further east than the chancel arch, and that explained how it 
was the screen extended over one aisle and the nave, and not 
over the other. This screen was another excellent example, 
similar on the whole to that at Norton, but with a good deal 
of difference in the detail of decoration. The paint was entirely 
modern, but the various mouldings were original, and there 
was nothing so characteristic as that at Norton. One of them 
contained the whole creed, and the two mouldings below that 
were very delicate. There was also a large collection of bench 
ends of rather an unusual character. The quaintest were near 
the west end. There was one picture of coursing, and another 
of a deer. Then they had the Pelican in Piety, which they 
knew was the badge of Richard Fox (Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, 1492-1494), which seemed to indicate the probability of 
their being done in his time. Then they had a coat of arms, 
with the fleur-de-lys or, and a curious picture of a windmill, 
with a packhorse below, and the miller himself, and next to 
that a ship. A good deal of question arises about them. 
Some asserted that the windmill marked the miller's pew, 
and that the ship was a captain's, and that they paid for them ; 



Bishop's Lydeard Church. 55 

but a more likely thing, to his mind, was that the carpenter 
got tired of foliage, and took to depicting the everyday life of 
the village. There was a very pretty Jacobean pulpit, and 
other things of great interest in the church. 

The members next proceeded to the " Lethbridge Arms " 
Hotel, Bishop's Lydeard, where lunch was served. In the 
absence of the President, Mr. E. J. Stanley, M.P. (who had 
left the party at Cothelstone, in order to drive home to Quan- 
tock Lodge), Mr. Cely-Trevilian presided, and after luncheon 
the following votes of thanks were pas8ed : 

Col. Bramble proposed, and Mr. C. H. Fox seconded : 

" That the best thanks of this Society be given to the 
President, E. J. Stanley, Esq., M.P., for the admirable way 
in which he has conducted the duties of the office upon such 
an important epoch in the existence of the Society." 

" That the best thanks of the Society be given to the Wor- 
shipful the Mayor of Taunton for the kindness and hospitality 
which he has extended to the Society and for the great 
trouble which he has taken in the arrangements generally to 
which to so great an extent the success of the meeting is due." 

"Also to the Local Committee, which, under the Presidency 
of his Worship the Mayor, has so admirably arranged the 
details of the meeting (coupled with the names of the Local 
Secretary, Mr. Samson, F.R.I.B.A., Mr. Barnicott, Mr. Tite, 
and Mr. Hammett)." 

" To the Worshipful the Mayor and Town Clerk of Exeter, 
to the Rev. Canon Edmonds, B.D., and to Mr. W. H. Hamilton 
Rogers, F.S.A., to whom in their various ways the success of 
our excursion to Exeter is to be attributed." 

" Also to those who have so kindly extended their hospitality 
to the Society: Major and Mrs. Barrett, Major and Mrs. 
Chisholm Batten, and Mr. and Mrs. Batchelor, not forgetting 
the Mayor of Taunton." 

" Also to the Clergy of the different parishes who have per- 
mitted us to visit their churches and have in many cases put 



56 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

themselves to considerable inconvenience to attend personally 
and assist us with valuable information (coupled with the name 
of Prebendary Askwith, who has given us the pleasure of his 
company and the benefit of his assistance throughout the 
meeting)." 

" To the owners and occupiers of houses who have allowed 
us to visit them on the occasion. (The Hon. H. P. Gore- 
Langton and Mr. Hembrow, Mr. C. E. J. Esdaile and 
Mr. C. Hancock, and Mr. Batchelor. Also to Mr. Wilfred 
Marshall for permitting us to pass through his private roads)." 

^^ To Mr. Edmund Buckle for his able explanations of the 
numerous objects of architectural interest \dsited by the 
Society." 

" To the District Superintendent at Exeter (Mr. Campfield) 
and the Station Master of Taunton (Mr. Lailey) for the 
excellent arrangements made for the convenience of the 
members." 

Mr. Trevilian, who presided, supported the resolution, 
and included in it the names of the Joint Hon. Sees. : Col. 
Bramble and Rev. F. W. Weaver. 



iLl?tieacti %u Halocence 

After luncheon the journey was resumed to Lydeard St. 
Lawrence, where the visitors were received at the church by 
the Rev. F. L. Hughes, vicar. Mr. Buckle said that the 
tower of the church was of a different character generally, 
from that at Bishop's Lydeard. This was a very plain, simple 
tower, but it had an uncommonly good outline, and was ex- 
ceedingly effective from every point of view. Here they had 
the same general principle as at Bishop's Lydeard, although 
without any of the elaboration, the buttresses and the rest of 
the tower being very plain. The west window was a small 
one, and there was no west door. The windows in the belfry 
were of sandstone, as was most of the other detaU of the 



Lydeard St, Lawrence, 57 

church. All those hills around them produced stone which 
could be worked up effectively as they saw. The Ham Hill 
stone used in the church was almost all modem, as this place 
was some distance from those quarries. The bulk of the church 
was of the 14th century — the nave, the chancel, the windows 
therein, and the walls being all of that period. The chancel 
had never been altered since that date, it was practically un- 
touched, and had the small east window which was used at 
that time. The chancel arch was of a simple character, its 
most interesting feature was that where it sprang out from the 
wall it had no shafts to support it all. That arrangement was 
met with late in the Perpendicular period, because then the 
great screens were common, and it was felt to be a waste of 
good work to put elaborate piers under the chancel arch, where 
they would never be seen. The chancel contained a great deal 
of pretty work. There was a curious sedilia and piscina, but 
they did not seem to harmonise one with another. They 
would notice what a fine nave the church had. The aisle was 
a later addition, probably in the 16th century. The pillars 
which separated the aisle from the nave, and the capitals were 
of the same period. The idea of having the capital continuous 
all the way round the pillar was rather characteristic of Devon- 
shire. In the West of Somerset this treatment was often to 
be found. The first capital at the west end represented a fox 
and goos^; the second had four angels carved roimd it ; the 
third was comparatively common-place, having just a piece of 
foliage round it. But the fourth was decidedly curious, having 
a piece of interlaced pattern work all round. That was not an 
arrangement which a workman of the 15th century would be 
likely to think of at all, and the only suggestion he could make 
was that this bit of design was copied by a country workman 
from an ancient bit of Saxon carving, which, perhaps, came 
out of an older church. The last capital was for the most 
part broken away. The windows of the nave, with the excep- 
tion of one, were probably of the same date as the arcade. 

Vol, XLI V (TJurd Series, Vol. IV), Part L n 



58 Fiftieth Annual Meeting, 

The three windows on the south side were built as it were in 
perspective — large, middle-sized, small — and the effect of these 
three windows, when looking down the nave from the chancel, 
was to make the nave look longer than it really was. On the 
other hand, standing at the west end the nave looks distinctly 
shorter, because the eye instinctively assumes a row of 
windows to be all of about the same size. It might be that 
the people who put in the big window had intended to bring 
the chancel in effect more down into the church. There were, 
unquestionably, cases where buildings had been deliberately 
designed with that effect in view. But, on the other hand, it 
might be a mere accident. The screen was interesting, as 
there was no vaulting on the face of it towards the nave. The 
tradition was that the screen was never finished, and its 
appearance supported the belief. It was very late, and was 
perhaps the "enterclose" building in 1532 (See Wells Wills). 
The bench ends were pretty, but there was nothing very 
characteristic about them. The pulpit was of Jacobean work, 
and it looked as if it had been made up very much. There 
was a curious " squint " looking into the chancel, with an iron 
bar in the centre, intended, no doubt, as a support to the wall 
over it. 

Comfie jFlorep^ 

The last place visited was the pretty little village of Combe 
Florey. It will be remembered that the witty Sydney Smith, 
from 1829 until his death, February 22nd, 1845, was rector of 
this parish. Before visiting the church, the party were kindly 
entertained to tea by Mr. and Mrs. Batchelor. A move was 
afterwards made to the church. Mr. Buckle said that the 
south wall of the nave dated from the 13th century, but 
the only features of that date still remaining were the 
doorway and the turret. The aisle seemed to have been 
taken down and rebuilt sometime in the last century, but 



Combe Fbrey. 59 

with Early English arches inserted over the windows. There 
were so many of these arches as to indicate that there were 
several windows in the Early English church which stood 
there, but except for certain remnants there was nothing left 
of an earlier period than the Perpendicular time. The arcade 
there had got the angel capitals as at Lydeard St. Lawrence, 
hut the rest of the Perpendicular work was of a very simple 
character. The windows there had the ordinary tracery which 
was found in most of the Somerset churches. The chancel 
was entirely modem, but in one of the windows there were 
two little fragments of 15th century stained glass. The stone 
used in the church was a kind of local sand stone, of a dark 
red colour, which could be seen in the arcades. The mullions 
and tracery of the windows were all of that red sandstone, and 
there was hardly any of the Ham Hill stone imported there. 
The bench ends were more elaborate than any they had seen 
during these excursions. There was formerly a screen there, 
and the few fragments left of it had been worked up into 
the present reading desk and pulpit. In the wall of the 
north aisle was a small stone slab with the following in- 
scription, in 13th century character, to one of the nuns of 
Cannington, whose heart was there immured ; — Le Quer : 
Dame : Maud de : Merrietc : nonayne : dc : Cannyntune.^^ 
(See Proceedings^ vol. xi, pt. ii, 11). 

There seemed to have been a special fancy among the 
monastic orders for being buried in two different places in the 
belief that they got the benefit of the prayers in both places of 
worship. Thus the heart was buried in one place and the 
body in another. The tower of the church was a very pretty 
one of red sandstone. The building altogether stood in a 
very pretty situation. 

Lieut.-Col. Bramble made a few remarks as to some 
recumbent effigies, which w^ere not of a earlier date than 1270 
and not later than 1285. The figiures were in complete chain 
armour. 



60 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

The Gate House was afterwards inspected, and this con- 
cluded the excursion. The homeward journej was then made, 
Taunton being reached about 7.30. This was the last of the 
excursions, which throughout had been of a most successful 
and enjoyable character, and the weather each daj was all 
that could have been desired. 



Qibe Hocal as^useum. 



Ax interesting loan exhibition of local objects was formed 
in the Castle Hall, and consisted largely of paintings, prints, 
drawings, etc., of old Taunton, portraits of Somerset Worthies, 
old election addresses and squibs ; play bills of the old 
Taunton theatre (including some of the great Kean's). Among 
the Taunton election addresses was that of Benjamin Disraeli, 
who, " young and alone, is engaged in a not inglorious 
struggle with the most powerful person in Euroj)e who 
does not wear a crown," this being Daniel O'Connell, who 
on this occasion described the future Prime Minister of 
England as the heir-at-law of the impenitent thief who reviled 
the Great Founder of the Christian religion. 

J/r. Barnicott. — Frame of ancient stained glass from the east 
window (removed in the restoration of 1843) of St. Mary's 
Church, Taunton. Two water-colour drawings of old St. 
James' Vicarage, Taunton. Sixty-three engraved portraits. 
Ten prints of Taunton, and six printed sheets of election ad- 
dresses, etc. Parchment document, Union Club, Taunton, 
1755 ; Taunton Assembly, 1749, rules and book of accounts. 

Miss Woodforde. — Miniature portrait of Elizabeth Broad- 
mead, buried at Wilton, 1784, aged 115. She walked in pro- 
cession before the Duke of Monmouth on his entering Taunton. 
Portrait taken 25th March, 1781, by P. Foy. Crayon portrait 
of Thomas Woodforde, of Taimton, apothecary and banker. 
Pencil drawing of the Market House, etc., Taunton, by Ed. 
Turle, 1829. Bible given by Bishop Ken to Samuel Wood- 
forde, of Castle Cary, "the gift of my worthy friend Thomas 
Ken, Jan. 3, 1669." 

Mr. C. Tite, — Several water-colour sketches of places in 
Taunton since destroyed or altered — " White Hart Inn," 



62 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

"Four Alls Inn Yard," "Crown and Sceptre Inn," "Castle 
Yard," " Old Grammar School," houses in Bridge Street and 
St. James' Street. Portrait of Dr. Cottle, formerly vicar of St. 
Mary Magdalene, Taunton. Engraved portraits of Samuel 
Daniel and Miss Graddon, and several caricature sketches. 
Sheet of local architectural subjects. 

Rev. J, Worthington, — Portraits of Dr. Toulmin (historian 
of Taunton), Rev. Roger Montgomery, Rev. W. A. Jones, 
and Dr. Malachi Blake ; and some old views of the comer of 
Mary Street. 

Mr, J. H, Spencer. — Daguerreotype of St. Mary's old tower, 
1842. Pen-and-ink sketch of St. James' old tower, 1866. 
Comparative elevations of the towers of Taunton St. Mary, 
Taunton St. James, Bishop Lydeard, Kingston, and Staple 
Fitzpaine. Drawing of Wilton Church, showing the old 
tower, 1844. View of interior of St. Mary Magdalene Church, 
1829, and some other local views. 

Mr, Hugh Norris. — Portrait of Henry Norris, of Taunton, 
bom May, 1752, died 1823. Carved ivory knife-handle, found 
on the site of Taunton Priory, representing Justice, Hope, and 
Charity {see vol. ix, Somerset Proceedings), 

Dr, Alford. — Six water-colour sketches of Taunton — North 
Street ; Fore Street ; Old Tone Bridge ; Alms Houses, St. 
James' Street ; Leper Hospital, East Reach ; and view of 
Taimton from the Priory fields. 

Bet\ D. P, Alford. — The old College School, Taimton, by 
tieffries. Painting of the old bridge. 

Mr, Franklin. — Five views of old Taunton, by "C.C." circa 
1790, coloured aquatints — Castle Green, showing the ruined 
eastern gate ; view from Priory ; Hammet Street ; Tone 
Bridge before the central arch was built; Taunton Castle ; 
and a view of the Market House, by E. Turle. 

Mr. T. G. Crump. — Four water-colour sketches — Whipping 
Post and Stocks, West Monkton ; Leper Hospital, East 
Reach ; Rams-horn Bridge ; Trowel and Pipe found embedded 



The Local Museum, 63 

in the walls of old St. Mary's tower when pulled down, 1858. 

Mr. Maynard. — Two water-colour sketches, by Haseler, of 
the north front of the Castle Hall, Taunton. 

Mr. IV. J. Trenchard. — Portrait of Sir John Trenchard, of 
Bloxworth, Dorset, supported the Duke of Monmouth, escaped 
to Holland, and afterwards retiumed to England with William 
of Orange. M.P. for Taunton, 1678 and 1681. Portrait of 
John Trenchard, M.P. for Taunton, 1722. 

Mrs. Kinglahe. — Large oil portrait of Sir Benjamin Ham- 
met, M.P. for Taunton, builder of Hammet Street, and 
** restorer " of the Castle. 

Rev. E. L. Penny ^ D.D.^ R.N. — Portrait of Joanna South- 
cott, the enthusiast (presented to the Museum). 

Mrs. Rowland. — Four views of Taunton, of the same series 
as Mr. Franklin's, above. 

Mr. JSWyood.— Taunton Theatre Play-bills, 1800 to 1830. 
Election addresses and " squibs." Portraits and views. 

Mr. H. W. Smith. — Plans and elevations of the old alms- 
houses in St. James' Street, recently pulled down. 

Other views of old Taunton, and portraits, were lent by Mr. 
Skinner, Mr. Crockett, Mr. Frier, Mr. Stansell, Mr. Mulford, 
and Mr. W. J. Hammet. 

Miss Kate May. — Portrait of Frederick May, one of the 
founders of the Society. 

Mr. Duder. — Election addresses — Benjamin Disraeli, 1835 ; 
General Peachey and Mr. Seymour, 1825 ; Mr. Baring, 1806. 

Mr. Spranklin. — Plans, elevations, and details of rood- 
screen, pulpit, and bench ends. Trull Church. 

Mr. Sheppard^ Steward of the Manor of Taunton Deane. — 
Court Roll, Cardinal Beaufort, 17 Henry VI, and another of 
Bishop Montague, 16 James I, 1618; book of accounts and 
presentments, 1582 ; and various MS. and printed documents 
relating to Taunton fairs, Court Leet, inventories of estates, 
etc., from the Exchequer, Taunton Castle. 

Mr. Richard Easton. — Locke's Survey of Somerset, folio 



64 Fiftirtli Ann nil Meeting, 

MS. Sutnjaionses to Parliament, Henrj III to Ed war J I V^. 
List of the Non-jurors. 

Mr, E. E, Baker. — A large ani most interesting collection 
of tracts relating to Somorset, among which were the following 
concerning Taunton : — Auction Catalogue of English Books, 
at the "Lamb Coffee Housa in Taunton," 1710; "Chard 
and Taunton Assize Sermons," 1623; "A narrative of the 
Expedition to Taunton, the Raising of the Siege," 1645 ; 
"Proceedings of the Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
concerning the Club-men and Relief of Taunton," 1645; 
"Dying Speeches, Letters, etc., of those Protestants who ^ 
suffered under the cfjiel sentence of Lord Chief Justice 
Jefferies," 1689 ; " A.n accourf^^ against the 

Rebels, tried before 4fhe*LC)r3[ CHifii- Jw^iice Jefferies," 1685, 
printed' in 1716 ; "TiiaJ^for Bread Riots'at Taunton Assizes," 
1801; "Manual ,*ljc|^^!;35y©t€ff8 ^of Taunton," 1826; 
"The Standert and L"S3on'T5lS^^ Taunton," 1816; 

"Shillibeer's Address on the Land Tax Rate, Taunton, 1823 " ; 
"Bowditch and Norman Enquiry, Taunton" 1812 ; "Judgment 
in the case of the King against Bowditch, Taunton," 1819. 

Mr. Esdaile. — Bronze torque, found at Cothelstone. Four 
pieces of ornamental plaster work from the old house at 
Cothelstone ; and water-colour drawing of St. Mary Magda- 
lene's Church, Taunton. 

CoL Helyar. — Elaborately carved old door. 

Miss Fremlin, — Fellow door to the above. 
{See "Notes," on page 65). 

Mr, Walter Norman, — Taunton election plate, " Sir John 
Pole 1754." 

Mrs, Porter, — Model, in leather, of the tower of St. James' 
Church, Taunton, by VVm. Weston, about 18.54. 

Mr, E, IV, Stevens. — Sections and specimens of a deep well 
boring at Highbridge. 

Mr. PVhyte Iloldich. — Oil sketches of ancient British Burial 
on Exmoor ; and views in the neighbourhood. 






;^^^l 



f.^ 



^•"^f^foil^-^^ 



tM 




OLD DO OK 

SUPPOSED TO BE FROM TAUNTON PRIORY. 

In the possession of Col. Helyar. 




OLD DOOR 

SUPPOSED TO BE FROM TAUNTON PRIORY. 

In the possession of Altss ['remltn. 



1publiclibrarv| 

A8TOII, LENOX *lfO 
TlLPeH POU WDATIOWl '^ 



Botes on ttDO oio Caroeo DOOC0 exhibiteti in 
tbe Local sipuseum. 

BY W. BIDGOOD. 



THESE two handsomely carved doors at present in the 
possession of different owners/H@Hfej^.no doubt, originallj 
a pair : and at a glance anyone yJarB^fyicSiY.e that they must 
have belonged to some ecclmastical establishment, while 
the style of ornament would &¥sAij^ date as the early half of 
the sixteenth century. The carpelKl^...^ork is peculiar and 
elaborate in construction, the bracing in Ihe: Jower parts being 
unusual. Two mullions and a middle rail divide each door 
into six panels, of which the upper three occupy about one 
third of the whole height. The three panels at the top of 
each door contain figures, while the lower panels are entirely 
filled in with the linen pattern. Placed over the styles and 
miillions are elaborately carved pilasters, having moulded 
bases, and terminations resembling the tops of buttresses with 
crocketted finials. These pilasters are covered with carved 
ornament different in each one, arranged in strings, not quite 
perpendicular, but slightly twisted in opposite directions. The 
first pilaster has strings of something resembling heraldic 
ermine spots, the next overlapping leaves, then rows of folded 
ribbon with beads between, and the last on this door has roses. 
In the second door, strings of beads, lozenges, folded ribbon, 
and fleurs-de-lis : the pilasters in the lower parts are mostly 
ornamented with beads. The braces in the lower parts of the 

Vol, XLI V (Third Striea, Vol. 1 VJ, Part I. i 



66 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

doors are covered with the guilloche pattern, and the panels 
carved with various forms of folded linen. 

A careful study of the figures will show to what particular 
religious house these doors originally belonged, and also ap- 
proximately the date of their construction. The features 
and symbols have been mostly defaced, but sufficient remains 
to show that the central panel of each door contains the figure 
of a saint with nimbus and label behind the head, and the two 
side panels angels bearing shields. The saint depicted on the 
first door is St. Peter, and on the second St. Paul. The shields 
borne by the angels on the first door are almost obliterated, 
but on the leftr-hand one the outline of a cross is traceable, 
with a rose (between two other objects chopped away) in chief, 
and a bordure engrailed. On the rightr-hand shield the arms 
of the See of Winchester can be traced ; but the print does 
not show it so clear as on the door itself. With the second 
door we are more fortunate as regard the charges on the 
shields, that on the left shows a pelican in piety, surmounted 
by a mitre with strings jewelled and tasselled. The shield on 
the left bears a crozier between the initials W Y, interlaced 
with a tasselled cord. 

This shows us that the doors came from an establishment 
dedicated to SS. Peter and Paul (Taunton Priory was so 
dedicated) ; while the shields will prove conclusively that it 
was to this House that the doors originally belonged. As 
before stated the arms on the first door are very much defaced. 
What we should naturally look for would be the arms of the 
Priory, but these so far as we are aware have never been 
recovered ; what remains on the first shield may be thus de- 
scribed — ( ) A cross (or On a cross) ( ) in chief a rose 
between two . . . ( ) within a bordure engrailed ( ).* The arms 

* Bishop Langton's arms od the gateway of Taunton Castle are On a ctohm 
party per crow fim roses, but no engrailed border. Burke gives Yorke, of 
Devonshire, as A /esse nehulie between three crescents^ inter the hortis of each a 
fifur-de-lis, all within a bordure engrailed. It will be seen, however, that 
neither of these coats correspond to the one on the door. 



Notes on two old Carved Doors. 67 

of Winchester on the second shield shows the connection of 
Taunton with that See, the bishops having been successively 
Lords of the manor of Taunton Deane, and it will be remem- 
bered that Taunton Priory was founded by a former bishop. 

With the second door we are left in no doubt as to the 
bearings on the shields. The pelican shows us that it was 
Richard Fox who was Bishop of Winchester and Lord of 
Taunton Deane at the time. His arms occur on the Grammar 
School which he founded within the precincts of his Castle of 
Taunton, 1522. Fox was Bishop of Exeter 1486-7, translated 
to Bath and Wells 1491-2, Durham 1494, Winchester 1500, 
and died 1528, so that as far as Bishop Fox is concerned it 
would have been between 1500 and 1528 that these doors were 
made ; but the last shield enables us to fix the date with greater 
certainty. The initials W Y are doubtless intended for William 
Yorke, who was nominated Prior on the 19th November, 1523, 
and it was, no doubt, between that date and the death of Bishop 
Fox, 1528, that the doors in question were constructed. The 
appearance of the pastoral staff, interlaced with the initials is 
also interesting, as it was only about twenty years before 
William Yorke's time that the privilege of using the pastoral 
staff, among other coveted honours, had been conferred upon 
the House in the Priorship of John Prowse. Thus, then, we 
have on the first door St. Peter between the arms of Taunton 
Priory (?) and the See of Winchester ; and on the second, St. 
Paul between the arms of Bishop Fox, and the monogram of 
Prior William Yorke. 

Looking at the elaborate workmanship lavished on these 
interesting old doors one is tempted to believe that they are 
not the work of an ordinary day labourer, but the handicraft 
of one of the inmates of the House, who bestowed the un- 
limited time at his disposal in the execution of a labour of love. 



aoottions to tbe docietp'jB museum ano Litirarp 

During the Year 1898. 



THE MUSEUM. 

Collotype prints of Montacute House (two views) ; Lytes 
Gary, Bamngton, Montacute Priory, and Brimpton d'Evercy 
(two views). — From Mr. Phelips. 

Section of White Thorn Tree. 

Small Earthen Vase containing documents found in the roof 
of the old Grammar School (now the Municipal Offices), 
Taunton, when the ceiling was removed in 1897. — Deposited 
by the Town Council. 

Cast of a Stone in the porch of Holcombe Church. — From 
the Rev. Ethelbert Hokxe. 

Plans o£ the Bell-chamber and Chime-chamber of the Tower 
of St. Mary's Church, Taunton. — From Mr. J. T. Ikvixe. 

Portrait of Joanna Southcott, engraved by Sharp, framed. 
—From the Rev. E. L. Penny, D.D., R.N. 

Portrait of Mr. E. A. Sanford, a past President of the 
Society, framed. — From Mr. C. The. 

Crossbill, killed at Charlinch, September, 1898. — From the 
Rev. W. A. Bell. 

Jubilee Medal, George III.— From Mr. H. B. Inman. 

Five Old Keys. — From Mr. Thomas R. Greg. 

Model in leather of the Tower of St. Mary's Church, Taun- 
ton, made by Wm. Weston, 1854.— From Majok Winter. 

Old Bench-end from Wotton Courtney (?) — From Mr. 
Stansell. 

Panel from the old Grammar School, Taunton, carved with 
the linen pattern. — From Mr. W. H. Smith. 



Additions to the Library. 69 

Three old Bottles, "J. Bicknell, Bradford," "R. Bricknel, 
1768."— From Mr. S. Lawuexce. 

Bronze Celt. — (Purchased). 

Powder Horn, early 19th Century. — From Mr. William 
Adams. 



THE LIBRARY. 

List of Parish Registers and other Genealogical fVorksy edited 
hy Fredk. A. Crisp. — From the Editor. 

Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society^ vol. iv, pts. 10, 
11, 12; vol. V, pts. 1,2. 

The Retreat and other Poems ; Catalogue of Books in the 
Tavistock Library. — From the Rev. D. P. Alfokd. 

On Terrestrial Saurians from the RhcBtic oj Wedmore Hill. — 
From Professor Seeley. 

Library Catalogue of the Surveyors'* Institute. — From Mr. 
H. S. Thompson. 

Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. IV, 1461—1467 ; Richard 
II, 1381— 1385.— From the Deputy Keeper of the Public 
Records, in exchange. 

Daily Weather Reports for 1897—1898 ; Report of the 
British Association, 1897. — From Dr. Prior. 

Particulars of Sale of the Nunney Castle, and Langford 
Estates. — From Mr. Wainwright. 

Reports on the Water Rights and Supply of Chard Borough. 
— From Mr. Gillingham. 

Three Manuscripts relating to the Tithes of Bridgwater, 
1558 ; Accounts of the Water Bailiff of Bridgwater, 1550 ; 
Act for building a new Bridge over the River Parret at Bridg- 
water ; Plan and designs of New Bridge ; Articles of Agree- 
ment between the Coalbrookdale Iron Company, and the Cor- 
poration of Bridgwater, and sundry letters from the Company 
relating thereto, 1794-5; Turnpike Acts relating to Bridgwater, 
1758, 1779; Turnpike Act, Minehead and West Somerset, 
1765 ; Act for allotting certain Commons, called Chilton 



70 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Common, &c., 1798 ; Act for erecting a Market House, &c., 
at Bridgwater, 1779 ; a Bill for enlarging the Market House, 
Paving, Lighting, &c., the Streets of Bridgwater, 1820 ; an 
Act for Taxing Papists, 1723 ; an Act for the better regula- 
tion of Attorneys and Solicitors, 1729 ; an Act for Naturalis- 
ing Princess Sophia ; several Acts on Excise Duties, on Coal, 
Cyder, &c., 1 705 ; better security of Her Majesty's Person, 
1705; Recruiting, 1705; Mutiny and Desertion, 1705; and 
others of a general public nature. — From the Rev. J. A. 
Welsh Collins. 

Yorkshire Philosophical Society. Report for 1897. 

Somerset MedixBoal Libraries, — From the author, Mr. T. 
W. Williams. 

Report of the Bureau of Agriculture, Montana. 

Notes on the Romano^ British Settlement of Chigwell^ Essex, — 
From the author Mr. J. CiiALKLEr-GorLD. 

On a late Celtic Bronze Collar^ from IVraxall^ Somerset. — 
From Mr. A. C. Pass. 

Norton-sub^ Hamdon.- -Yrom the author ilr. C. Trask. 

Wincanton Field Club, Eighth arid Ninth Annual Reports. — 
From Mr. Sweetman. 

Wy cliffs Latin Works : De Logica^ vol. iii. — From Mr. 
Standeuwick. 

Journal of the Oxford Brass Rubbing Society^ Nos. 1 , 2, 3. 

Records of the Rawle Family. — From the author Mr. E. J. 
Rawle. 

ArchtBologia, vols. 1, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 
28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36 (ii), 37 (i), 37 (ii), 38, 39, 40, 41, 
42, 43, 44, 45.— From Lt.-Col. Bu amble. 

Revista do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro^ vol. i. 

Ceylon Handbook and Directory^ 1894. — From Mr. Knight. 

Royal Societies Cluby Rules and Members. — From the 
Secretauy. 

British Record Society : Bristol Wills, 1572 to 1792 ; and 
Wills in the Great Orphan Books, 1379 to 1674. 

fVedmore Chronicle^ vol. ii, no. 6. 



Additions to the Library. 71 

Famous Houses oj Bath and their Occupants, — From the 
author, Mr. J. F. Meehan. 

Castle Cary Visitor^ January to December, 1898, 12 nos. — 
From Mr. Macmillan. 

Instincts and Habits of the Solitary' fVasps ; Forestry Con-- 
ditions of Northern Wisconsin. — From the Wisconsin Geo- 
logical and Natural History Survey. 



Received from Societies in Correspondence for the Exchange of 

Publications. 
Royal Archaeological Institute — ArchtBological Journal^ nos. 

216, 217, 218, 219. 
British Archaeological Association — Journal^ new series, vol. 

iii, pts. 3, 4 ; vol. iv, pts. 1, 2, 3. 
British Association — Report^ 1897. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland — Proceedings^ vol. xxxi. 
Boyal Irish Academy — Transactions^ vol. xxxi, pts. 1 — 6 ; 

Proceedings^ vol. iv, nos. 4, 5 ; vol. v, no. 1 ; List of Members. 
Boyal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland — Journal^ v6l. vii, 

pts. 3, 4 ; vol. viii, pts, 1, 2, 3, 4. 
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History — Pro^ 

ceedingSf vol. ix, pt. 3 ; vol. x, pt. 1. 
Associated Societies — Reports and Papers, vol. xxiii, pt. 2 ; 

vol. xxiv, pt. 1. 
Sussex Archaeological Society — Collections, vol. xli. 
Surrey Archaeological Society — Collections, vol. xiv, pt. I. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Historic Society — vol. xii. 
Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society — Magn^ 

zine, nos. 88, 89, 90 ; Abstract of Wiltshire Liquisitiones Post 

Mortem, Charles 7, pts. 5, 6 ; Catalogue of Drawings, Prints, 

antl Maps in the Library at Devizes. 
London and Middlesex Archaeological Society — Transactions, 

vol. i, pt. 2. 
Plymouth Institution and Devon and Cornwall Natural History 

Society — Report, vol. xii, pt. 4. 



72 Fiftieth Annual Meeiiny, 

Kent Archaeological Society — Arch<BoIogia CarUiana^ vol. xxiii. 
Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society — Tran- 

sactionSf vol. xx, pt. 2 ; Catalogue of Booksy etc^ in the 

Library. 
Powys Land Club — Montgomeryshire CollectionSy vol. xxx, pts. 

1, 2. 
Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society — 

Transactions^ vol. x, pts. 1, 2, 3, 4. 
Hertfordshire Natural History Society — Transactions^ yohix, 

pts. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. 
Essex Archaeological Society — Transactions, vol. vi, pt. 4 ; 

vol. vii, pts. 1, 2. 
Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society — 

Transactions, vol. viii, pt. 5. 
Royal Institution of Cornwall — Journal, vol. xiii, pts. 2, 3. 
Yorkshire Archaeological Society — Journal, pts. 56, 57, 58 ; 

List of Members ; Catalogue of Library. 
Northamptonshire Naturalists' Society — Journal, nos. 69, 70, 

71, 72. 
Geologists' Association — Proceedings, vol. xv, pts. 5, 6, 7, 8, 

9, 10 ; List of Members, Feb., 1898. 
Royal Dublin Society — Transactions, vol. v, pt. 13; vol. vi, 

pts. 2 — 13 ; Proceedings, vol. viii, pt, 5. 
Bristol Naturalists' Society — Proceedings, vol. viii, pt. 2 ; List 

of Members. 
Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society — Proceedings, 

vol. 52. 
Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society — Proceedings^ 

vol. xlii, pts. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ; List of Members. 
Essex Field Club — Essex Naturalist, vol. x, nos. 5 — 16. 
Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne — Archceologia 

^^liajia, vol. xix, pt. 3 ; fVarkworth Parish Registers, pt. 2. 
Cambridge Antiquarian Society — The Priory of St. Radcgund, 

Cambridge ; List of Members, 1898 ; Communications, no. 

39 ; Index to Reports and Proceeding s^ 1840-97, 



Additions to the Library, 73 

Clifton Antiquarian Club — Proceedings^ vol. iv, pt. 1. 
Thoresby Societj — vol. vii, pt. 3 ; vol. viii, pt. 1 ; vol. ix, pt. 1. 
The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist — vol. iv, nos. 1, 

2, 3, 4 ; vol. V, no. 1. 
Royal University of Christiania — Four publications. 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S. — Report of the 
U.S. National Museum^ 1895 ; Proceedings of the U.S. 

National Museum^ vol. xix. 
Bureau of American Ethnology — Sixteenth Report^ 1897. 
Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. — Bulletin^ vol. xxvi, nos. 4 — 12 ; 

vol. xxvii, nos. 1 — 12 ; vol. xxviii, nos. 1 — 6 ; vol. xxix, 

nos. 1 — 6. 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, U.S. — 

Register^ nos. 205,206, 207, 208 ; Proceedings^ 1898 ; Index 

to Testators in Waters^ s Genealogical Gleanings in England. 
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, U.S. — Proceed- 

ings, 1897, pts. 2, 3 ; 1898, pts. 1, 2. 
University of California — Report^ 1896 ; Register^ 1896-7 ; and 

various pamphlets on Agriculture and Vine Culture. 
Canadian Institute — Transactions^ no. 10, vol. v, pt. 2 ; Supple- 
ment to no. 9, vol. V, pt. 1 ; Proceedings^ vol. i, pts. 4, 5, 6. 
Novia Scotian Institute — vol. ix, pt. 3. 
Society Yaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, Lausanne — Bulletin^ 

nos. 125, 126,127, 128, 129. 
University of Upsala — Bulletin of the Geological Institution, 

vol. iii, pts. 1, 2. 
Societe Arch^ologique de Bordeaux — Bulletin^ tome xxi, fas. 

1, 2, 3, 4. 



Purchased : 

Harleian Society — Registers of St. George's^ Hanover Square^ 

vol. iv ; Visitation of Cambridge. 
Oxford Historical Society — Hearnes Collections^ vol. iv ; Epis- 

tolae Academicae^ Oxon^ 2 vols. 

Vol, XLI V (Third Series, VoL / V), Part /. K 



74 Fiftieth Annual Meeting. 

Palseontographical Society, vol. lii, 1898. 

Ray Society, vol. for 1895 — Tailess Batrachians of Europe^ 

pts. I, 2. 
Early English Text Society, nos. 110, 111. 
Pipe Roll Society, vol. xxiii. 

Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries, pts. 40, 41, 42, 43, 44. 
Somerset Record Society — Somersetshire PleaSy Civil and 

Criminal. 
Whitaker's Almanack, 1898. 

Glastonbury : An^ Address hy the Bishop oj Stepney. 
Illustrated Guidf to ^t^l^iiianjOrew. 
The Last Abbot of-^lqstahikiry.^r 
History oJ jNorthumberlanil/ydl'iy. 
Monastic nffl^iji^^A^he Religious Houses of Wit ham. Brut on 

and StavorSSS^S^^^ix*":^! C Hoare. 
The Antiquary y vol. 23 toSST." 
Gentleman*s Magazine Library^ Shropshire and Somersetshire 

volume. • 
Burke's Extinct Peerages and Extinct Baronetcies, 2 vols. 
The Note Book of Tristram Risdon, 1608-28. 
Thring's Addresses. 

The Ancient Cornish Drama, by Edwin Norris, 2 vols. 
British Birds, with Illustrations by Frohawk, 6 vols, 4to. 
Barrett's Highways, Byways and Waterways. 
Somerset Parish Registers, vols, i, 2. 
English Dialect Dictionary, pts. 1 to 6. 

Second Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, being an ex- 
posure the Rev. W. Goode's Book, by Rev. C. S. Grueber. 

Poems and Letters by Miss Bowdler, Bath, 1809. 

Webster s Elements of Mechanical and Chemical Philosophy, 
Taunton, 18— 

Butcher s Excursion from Sidmouth to Chester, 1803. 

Pen Pictures of Popular English Preachers, Rev. W. Jay, 
Bath. 

CrutwelVs Universal Gazetteer, 4 vols., Bath, 1808. 




RUINED TOWER, — OLDITCH COURT. 



TUORRCOIIBB, DEVON. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SOMERSETSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND 
NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY 

DURING THE YEAR 
1898. 



^A%:T II.—VAPE%S, ETC. 



iBroofe, 

OF SOMERSET AND DEVON ; BARONS OF COBHAM, IN KENT. 



BT W. H. HAMILTON ROGERS, F.8.A. 



Olditch Village and Chapel of St. Melorus. 

AMID delightful rural surroundings, in the main upper 
reach of the valley of the Axe, the wayfarer, as he 
leaves the station of the railway junction to Chard, sets his 
foot on classic ground. 

To the left, comparatively close by, nestled in luxuriant 
foliage, and glimmering richly in contrasting colour by being 
fabricated of spoil brought from giant Hamdon, is the ever- 
interesting Abbey of Ford ; where, in the early dawn of the 
twelfth century, the Cistercian founded a sanctuary, and es- 
tablished his home, under the fostering care of the earlier 
ancestors of the illustrious Courtenay, many of whom sleep in 
unmarked sepulchres beneath its shadow, for the consecrated 
structure wherein they were laid at rest has vanished, and its 
site is almost unknown. But the larger portion of the dwelling- 

Vd, XLl V (Third Seruss, Vol. I V), Pari I J, a 



2 Papers^ 8fc. 

place of the monk has happily survived, and in the creation 
of its beautiful front the " spirit " of its architect, builder, and 
last abbot — Thomas Chard, who surrendered his tasteful home 
to the rapacious Henry — ^still " walks abroad." 

Under the direction of a succeeding secular possessor, the 
shade of another renowned name haunts its precincts, that of 
the famous Inigo tf ones ; but his alterations, however excellent 
in themselves, were altogether alien to the Abbot's design, in- 
harmonious and unfortunate. His employer, who spent large 
sums on the work, was a person, the turn of whose mind was, 
presumably, equally incongruous with the traditions of the 
Abbey. This was Edmond Prideaux, learned in the law, and 
Attorney-General to the Lord Protector Cromwell, by whom 
he was created a baronet. He, fortunately pre-deceased his 
powerful patron, and so probably escaped being sent to Tyburn 
at the re-entry of the Stuart. Not so fortunate his son, name- 
sake, and successor, famed for his extensive learning, for 
which he was styled "the Walking Encyclopaedia." He had 
entertained the unfortunate Monmouth when on one of his 
western progresses, and after Sedgmoor, although Mr. Prideaux 
remained at home, and took no part in the insurrection, he 
was nevertheless, on very slender presumption, deemed to be 
implicated, seized, and sent to the Tower. And it is related, 
he was handed over by the amiable James II — the prisoner 
being a rich man— to the brutal Jefterys as a "present " ; who, 
had he not been so valuable a prize, would doubtless have 
hanged him, but by whom he was ultimately released, on 
paying that atrocious disgrace to the ermine, fifteen thousand 
pounds ; and so, both father and son rest in peace in the 
Chapter House of the Abbey. 

One further curious and interesting association claims 
notice. Here resided for a few years, at the commencement 
of the present century, the celebrated jurist, Jeremy Bentham, 
the quiet solitude of the place being doubtless congenial to 
the contemplation of his philosophic investigations. 



The Brook Family. 3 

Dismissing from our thoughts the Abbey — a most alluring 
subject, whose antecedents have occupied the attention of many 
investigators — a sharp turn to the right discloses the path that 
leads to the locality where our story takes its beginning, and 
which, expanding in its development as we pursue it, becomes 
second to none in the west-country in historic interest. A tree 
and bush shadowed lane, rising in easy elevation for about a 
mile's length, brings us to a gate on the right, where a trackway 
through a few pleasant meadows, ascending and descending in 
typical Devonian sequence, takes us to Olditch village, — for 
village it is, though of small dimensions — that includes two 
old farm-houses (one very antient), a trio or so of cottages, 
an elementary school-house, together with the usual adjunct, 
by rustic euphemism termed " a house of call," but otherwise 
known as the wayside public-house. 

The origin of this hamlet — an outpost of Olditch Court, 
which is located a short distance beyond — ^is soon apparent. 
The long building that faces us as we leave our meadow path, 
although now in large measure modernized to the requirements 
of a farm-house, still displays along its front considerable 
traces of venerable antiquity, that take us back five centuries 
into the past. The eastern portion, a building of some size 
and still fairly intact, assures the practised eye that it was 
originally a Chapel dedicated to the service of the Most High. 
A glance within the building immediately confirms it. There 
is an open waggon-shaped roof of close-set oak ribs, but little 
injured. At the east end, the pointed arch, splays, and siH of 
a window, now walled up, appear, the muUions and tracery 
gone. In the north wall is a similar but smaller window, also 
walled up, the arched mouldings and jambs visible from the 
.outside. Beneath the east window, on each side, above where 
stood the antient altar, are two brackets or perks, whereon 
were probably placed figures of the patron saints of the 
Chapel and the mother Church of the parish. High up in the 
west wall is a small window, from which the inhabiters of the 



4 Papers^ ISfc. 

adjoining house could observe the service. There is no 
piscina remaining, and the original side doorway was situate 
probably where the large opening appears, the structure being 
now used as a barn. 

Stretching westward from the Chapel, joined to it, and 
bearing evidence of the whole having been one continuous and 
coeval erection, is the now farm-house, the further end still 
shewing much evidence of the architectural features of the orig- 
inal structure. The pointed arch of the doorway, flanked with 
narrow lancet windows, others above and behind, together 
with a regular set in the gable, strongly grilled with iron, and 
built into walls of great thickness, take us back to the con- 
cluding years of the foi^rtjijMitl^ century ; and here, it may be, 
resided the priest that min;s)^e^'iil J|he adjoining sanctuary. 

Of the identification of'tets^ Venerable and interesting 
structure, it is t)^J]||fved-^ description appears in any county 
history ; nor is thieft'^nMUl^^ are ijiware of, any local account 
or tradition extant respecting ii','*and but for a passing memo- 
randum in the Register of Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, 
relative to a breach of ecclesiastical discipline connected with 
the parish, no information as to its history would have been 
available. This reference, with commentary, Dr. Oliver 
supplies. 

** In tliis parish (Thorncombe), dependant on the parochial churoh, I have 
met with two Chapels. One I think at Holditch, viz. the Chapel of St. 
MeloruB ; *' Capella Sancti Afehri ir\fra fines et Umiies parochie de Thomeombe," 
as Bishop Stafford describes it in a deed dated Crediton, 29th Jan., 1411-12, 
{Reg,, vol. i, p. 143) the parish church and chapel of St. Melorus having been 
placed under an interdict, the Bishop granted relaxation of the same. The 
other of St. James, at Legh-Barton, which is mentioned in a lease of Abbot 
William White, of Ford, 7th Dec, 1490. 

If we may credit the Legenda Sanctorum^ compiled by Bishop Grandison, 
St. Melorus was the son of Melianus, King of Cornwall, by his wife Aurilla, 
a lady of Devon ; that at seven ^^ears of age he lost his royal father ; that his 
uncle, Rivoldus, by his father's side, returning from abroad cruelly treated the 
youth, and at length contrived his decapitation." [A parish in Cornwall is 
called after this samt— St. Mellion, in east Cornwall, mid- way between Saltash 
and Callington.] 

In point of age this structure is apparently of the same date 

as Olditch Court. As there is no record of the grant of a 

private oratory to that mansion, as was usual to dwellings of 




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The Brook Family. 5 

such importance, it is not improbable that the Brook family — 
the parish church being a considerable distance oif — helped to 
found, or support it, and occasionally worshipped there, using 
it inste/id of a domestic chapel. 

Leaving Olditch village, our path, traversing two or three 
fields further in the same direction, brings us to Olditch Court. 



Olditch Court I Here our little history practically begins, 
and halting as we enter its leafy precincts, and glancing round, 
the query presents itself, where are the evidences of its former 
existence : where stood the mansion of the knightly Brooks, 
or the ruins thereof, so f^ji^^tedjndistinct are the vestiges that 
remain to arrest the eye/"^;/^''' fti'fe^•^. 

In a most retired sp0t, situatefV^jQ^a^J^lel^ant plateau, gar- 
nished with fine treesji^ apd, still exhibfting evidence of that 
indefinable distinction^ w£]:it^L7GpMiB4:ies tolinger around these 
old places of gentle origin witR'^itiextinguishable charm ; over- 
looking southerly, a spur of the Axe valley that extends 
beneath, and which gradually shallowing, is lost in the rising 
ground stretching upward to the Dorsetshire hills, known as 
Lambert's and Conig's castles, bounding the scene on the 
north, is the site — for little beside is visible— of Olditch Court. 

What time and change has spared is soon described. Imme- 
diately at the entrance, and still dignified as Olditch Court, 
is a small and modem farm-house, but a scrutiny of its front 
shews that in it was incorporated a portion of what was ap- 
parently the gate-house of the mansion. This is indicated by 
a wide, depressed arch, now filled up and almost hidden by 
ivy, a pointed doorway by its side, strikingly similar in form 
to that found in the old chapel-house in the village, and a 
buttress, the intervening windows being of seventeenth cen- 
tury work, after the place had passed out of the possession of 
the Brooks. Within, a few old features have been preserved, 



6 Papersy Sfc. 

a trio of pointed arches opposite the larger one, which led into 
a demolished portion of the original fabric, and a couple of 
plain fireplaces of large dimensions. 

Behind this building is the site of the Court. All that now 
exists of its structure is the portion of a tower of considerable 
height, clad with magnificent ivy. It appears to have been 
square in form, with a circular angle for a stairway. Leading 
from it is a comparatively large space, irregularly and tumul- 
tuously hillocked, shewing here and there, where bare of grassy 
covering, foundations of massive masonry. This comprises 
everything elsewhere to be seen, and in the absence of careful 
excavations, it would be difficult, if not impossible, to get an 
approximate idea of the ground-plan of the vanished edifice, 
but it may be surmised the ruined tower formed one of its 



The date of its erection may be assigned to the first half of 
the fourteenth century, and a license to crenellate (otherwise 
castellate) it, was granted 20 Rich. II, 1396. The Brooks 
doubtless continued to reside in it, until their purchase of 
Weycroft, and then probably alternately at both places, 
Wey croft apparently getting the preference, until their final 
migration to baronial Cobham. 

Lysons records "that in 1773 there were considerable re- 
mains of the old mansion and the chapel, some traces of which 
are still to be seen." As to the Chapel, there is no record 
that we know of, of the grant of an oratory to Olditch. The 
site and estate were purchased in 1714, by William Bragge, 
Esq., of Sadborough, from Mr. John Bowditch, to whose family 
they had been conveyed by Lord Mountjoy. 

Of its social history, a remarkable, but by no means unusual 
incident in those lawless times — when might, actuated by fierce 
party feeling, constituted right of reprisal or injury among 
the "nobles" of the land — ^befel Olditch. Its origin, in our 
modem and comparatively tame amenities, would be classed 
as political, but in those days desperately partizan, and 



The Brook Family. 7 

occurred during the wars of the Roses. The Brooks were 
staunch adherents of the house of York, and this Sir Edward 
Brook " was consulted by Richard, Duke of York, as * a man 
of great witte and much experience ; ' " and was with the 
York faction at their first victory at St. Alban's, in 1455 ; 
the depredator of their home, a strong supporter of the rival 
Lancaster, in whose cause he ultimately lost his head at 
Newcastle, in 1461, after the battle of Towton. He was 
James Butler, Earl of Ormond and Wiltshire, and Lord 
Treasurer of England to Henry VI ; and the then owner of 
Olditch, Edward Brook, who fought in several battles under 
the Yorkist banner, was the first Lord Cobham of that name, 
son of Sir Thomas Brook, who married Joan Braybroke, 
Lady of Cobham. 

The record of this raid is preserved among the Harleian 
MSS. : the date is not given, but it must have taken place 
between 1449-61 ; and the document gives a graphic des- 
cription of the proceedings. It is superscribed : 

Afiide» of the great wrongs, injuries, grev^nces, and tres/MSB&t, thai Jamps^ 
&rle of Wyltahire, and his sertxintes, haih don to Bdvoard Broke, Lord 
Cobham, and his servants. 

Kint^When the said lord wm pesibeUy in his maner of Holdyche, in 
Devonshire, the said Erie ymagenying to nurte the said lord, the third of 
JaDier last passed, at Holdvche foresayd, wyth many other of his servantes to 
the nombre of CC, and mo , of the whiche Rob'rt Cappys, esquier was on, witii 
force and armes arayd in man'r of werre, that is to say, jackys, saletts, bowys, 
arowys, swerdis, longbedeves, gleves, gonnvs, colu'yns, with many other 
ablements of werre, bisegid, the said Lord Cobh'm there i ' 



place, and hym assanted contynuelly by the space of ▼ owres, as hit had be in 



\ at tyme beying in his 
, . . owres, as hit hw be in 

ode of werre. And at that tyme ther, the sayd erle, wyth his sayd ser- 
▼antes, brake a smythis house, beyng ten'nt of the sayd lord Cobh'm, and there 
toke onte grete sleggys and many barrys of yryn, and pykeys and mattockys to 
have mynve the sayd lord Cobh'm is place. And tnere, at that tyme, the 
dorys of the said lord is stablys and bamys brake, and his comys beyng in the 
sayd bamys, to a ^rete notabell value, wych thaire horses yete, wasted, de- 
fonlyed, and distroid. Ajid dyv's soodis of the sayd lord beyng in the said 
stablys, that is to say sadellys, bridell, peyterett, croperys, and also tronkys, 
dothesackys, stuffed with conveniett stune to his estate, for he was purposyd 
to remove frothens to his place of Wycrofte, to a grete notabell value, toke 
and bare away to the utt'myst dishonnr and shame to sayd lord, and grete 
hurte in lusyng of hys sayd goodes. 

Also the sayd erle, lat at Dorchest'r, by hys grete labour, ezcitati'n and 
steryng hath caused the sayd lord Cobh'm, and Piers hys brother, wyth other 
of tiie sarvantes of the sayd lord, to be endyted of felonye, wyth oute cause or 
dese'vyng of thym, the which owneth as weU to the destrucc'on of the said lord 
and hys brother, is p'sones and his sayd servantes as to the corrup'con of thaire 
blood." — From Pnlman's Book of ike Axe, . and noticed by Mr. Waller in 
Arehodologia Cantiana. 



8 Papers^ 8ft\ 

The " Robert Cappys esquier, who was one " that joined 
the " Erie " in this disgraceful foray, was a neighbour (?) of 
Lord Cobham's, and lived in the adjoining estate of Beerhall, 
which he inherited by marriage with Elizabeth daughter of 
John Jew, and widow of Sir John Hody. "This woman," 
says Pole, " disinherited her eldest son and conveyed her land, 
part unto Sir William Hody — Chief Baron — and part unto 
her issue by Cappis, betwixt whose issue theire contynewed a 
long contencion. But it is nowe in ye possession of a younger 
house issued from Sir William Hody." 

It would appear from the foregoing account that Lord 
Cobham was staying at Olditch at the time of the " assaut," 
engaged in packing some of his " stufie " in " tronkis " and 
other receptacles, prior to their removal to his other seat at 
Weycroft, about two miles distant, and had deposited the 
same in the stables and outhouses, ready for transit. Not- 
withstanding the " 200 and mo' " retainers " Erie Jamys " 
brought with him, their " sleggys " and weapons of " werre," 
and the " five owres " attack ; the " besegid " appear to have 
successfully resisted an entrance into the mansion, and the 
raiders contented themselves with pillaging the stables and 
outhouses, and carrying off the goods packed for removal. 
Lord Cobham probably left Olditch as soon as things were 
quiet, for Cobham in Kent : passing Dorchester on his way, 
the " Erie " apparently following and continuing the perse- 
cution, by there getting Sir Edward and his brother Peter, 
"endyted for felonye." 

A similar outrage to this was made by Robert Willoughby, 
afterward Lord Willoughby de Broke, of Beer-Ferrers, on 
his almost neighbour on the opposite side of the river Tamar, 
Richard Edgcumbc, of Cothele, in 1470 ; and a document in 
the possession of the Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe gives a des- 
cription of it with claim, couched in almost exactly similar 
language. The bottom of the (juarrel was also, their adherence 
to the opposing Roses, although afterward they both held high 




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TJte Brook Family. 9 

office under the amalgamated rule of Henry VII. The well- 
known incident of the Courtenays sallying forth at night from 
Tiverton Castle to Upcott, sacking his residence first, and 
afterwards slaying the old lawyer, Radford, because he was 
"of counsel" to their opponent Bonville, described in the 
Paston letters, happened about the same time. 

This lawless method of deciding quarrels was never legalized 
in England, but the shifting governments at that era, whose 
adherents were alternately guilty of this guerilla warfare, were 
either too weak or careless to effectually suppress it ; if they 
did not secretly connive at it, as each had opportunity. 



" The parish of Thorncomb,V:'toqtidlJ|r,th^ quairift. language of 
Pole, " is the uttermost lymy^ of Devonshire, aryfl is an island 
compassed about w'th Dor^^^i^e^uufid .Someri^tshir on ye 
west ; and took his name of ye*S9%o»^'i|ijdres Thorn and Cumb, 
wh'ch is a familiar name in most parts, and signifieth a bot- 
tome, or lowe ground, subject unto thornes." 

The principal manor of the parish had been given to, and 
belonged to the Abbey of Ford. The descent of the manor of 
Olditch and its acquisition by Brook, is thus described by the 
above historian. 

"It was fint belon^g to the family of Flemyng, and was by Richard 
Plemyng given in marriage unto William de Sancer, a Norman, with Jone, 
daughter of the said Richard ; which VVilliam with his wife and children re- 
voltmg from King John unto the French king, the said manor was seized into 
the king's hands. But the said Richard so much prevailed with the king, that 
he restored it unto him again, and left it unto Wilnam Flemyng his son, and he 
unto William his son, which gave it and all other his lands to Reginald de 
Mohun, which Reginidd alienated it unto Henry de Broc (or as now called 
Brooke) in which family it continued from the reign of King Henry III, unto 
the first of James, that Henry Brooke, Lord Cobham, being attainted, the said 
king gave this manor, with other lands, unto Charles Blount, Lord Montjoy, 
created by the aforesaid king. Earl of Devonshire, and he conveyed the same 
unto Montjoy, his base supposed sou, who now enjoyeth the same." 

'*The family of Brooke long continued their dwelling in this place." 

Similar to Pole, Risdon speaks of Thorncombe being " sub- 
ject to thorns and briers (if manurance did not prevent it), 

VU. XLI V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part I J. b 



10 Papers^ Sfc. 

unto which it is naturallj prone," and gives the text of the 
transfer mentioned by Pole. 

WUlidmuH le Sanear Normawas, ienuit Manerium de Holdich temporf. Begis 
Johannis de Richardo U Fleming ei idem Rich, ei dedii in Maritagio cum Johanna 
FUia nta, quae in ee/taratione Anglorum el yonnanorum remansit ad Jidem 
Regie Franeiae una cum pueria, quo facto Rex sesioiL 

And adds ^' that this manor was given by the King to the Lord 

Reginald Mohun, who in the time of King Henry III, gave 

the same to one of the ancestors of the Lord Cobham.'' But 

Pole's description of the descent is probably the correct one. 

This Sir Reginald de Mohun is supposed to have acquired 
so large a portion of the Fleming property, by his presumed — 
but not absolutely authenticated — marriage with A vice or 
Hawis, a daughter of William Fleming, as his first wiTe. He 
was munificently inclined toward the Church, was the Founder 
of the Cistercian Abbey of Newenham, and a great benefactor 
to the similar foundation at Tor- Mohun, where he died, 20th 
January, 1257. Its possession by the Brooks continued for 
about three centuries and half. 

The six succeeding Barons of Cobham, following Sir Thomas 
Brook, who married Joan Braybroke, heiress to the barony, 
held Olditch until the attainder of its last unfortunate possessor, 
Henry Brook, tenth Lord Cobham, K.G., in whom the 
title expired.' In 1604, James I gave it to Charles Mountjoy, 
Earl of Devon. 



CDe 99anot of CiQepctoft 

The early descent of the Manor of Weycroft, or Wycroft, 
antiently Wigof t, prior to its acquisition by Sir Thomas Brook, 
is somewhat obscure as related by historians in collation with 
the Visitations and the remaining deeds of transfer, but a fairly 
complete account may be made out. It is situate about a mile 
east of Axminster, on the road leading to Chard. 

Its first recorded possessors appear to have been Adam and 
Henry de Gelond or Galland, and named of the place "de 



The Brook Family. 11 

Wigoft," who held it temp. Henry II (1154-89), Henry de 
Gelond or de Wigoft, gave it to his son John, last of that 
name, ^^in marriage," with Joan, daughter of Richard de 
Chudderlegh (of Chudderlegh, in Bickleigh, east Devon), 
temp. Edw. II (1307-27), by whom he had issue Joan his 
daughter and heiress, the wife of John Gobodeslegh, " some- 
time written de Wicroft." They had issue Thomazine, who 
married John Christenstow, and had issue William ("hristen- 
stow, of Wycroft, who died without issue, and Alice his sister 
and heiress, the wife of tlohn Denny s, of Bradford, in North 
Devon, whose grandson was Thomas Dennys, subsequently of 
HoIcombe-BumelL* 
" It appears," says Pole, 

'*th«t WUliam Christenstow, who died in King Richard II's time (1377-99), 
had made some grant (of Wycroft) to Sir Thos. Brooke, Knt., which being im- 
perfect. Sir Thomas Brook his son, had a new grant from Thomas Dennys, 
grandchild of Alice, sister of William Christenstow, and in recompense granted 
unto Dennys his manor of Holcombe-Buraell, anno 9 Henry VI, 1418." 

This account must be read in conjunction with the following. 

** Original deeds relating to the purchase of Weycroft are still in existence. 
By one of them dated 1395, Robert Deyghere, of Crakem, and Avioia his wife, 
daughter and heir of Adam Wycroft, convey to Sir Thonuw "the manor of 
Wycroft and its appurtenances " ; and by another, dated 1397, Robert Digher 
and Avicia his wife, daughter and heir of Adam Oobald, of Wycroft, convey 
the manor to Philip Hohnan, clerk, and John Swaldale. This deed is attached 
to a later one, dated **dU Jovis proximi post/estum aancH Luce enangeliHe" 
9 Henry IV, 1407, by which Holman and Swaldale convey the said manor to 
Thomas Brook, the younger.'' — Pulman's Book qfthe Axe, p. 579. 

It is probable these parties were intermediate holders of the 
manor, or some part of it, derived from William Christenstow 
or his assigns, whose interest Sir Thomas Brook, senior, pur- 
chased, and subsequently his son completed the title and pos- 
session by exchange of lands at Holcombe-Bumell with 
Thomas Dennys, the grandson of Alice Christenstow, sister 
and heiress of her brother William, whose interest in Wycroft 
had descended to him. 

* Arms of Chudderlegh, Argent, on a chevron whU, three acoma or, between 
three ravem headu erazed aable ; of Gobodeeley, Party per pale argent and wMe, 
an eagle dieplayed double-necked sable and or; of Christenstow, of Wycroft, 
Azurci a bend indented or and ermine, between two coUzee ermine ; of Dennys, 
3rmine, a chevron between three Danish axes gules. 



12 Papers^ Sfc. 

The manor of Holcombe-Burnell had been possessed from 
a very early date by the family of de Kaul or Kaile, whose 
last male owner appears to have been John Kaile, son of 
Thomas Kaul, alias Kaile, temp. Rich. II (1377-99); and in 
the Visitation for 1564, it is set down that Sir Thomas Brook 
married Johanna the daughter and heir of John Kaile, and so 
presumably acquired the manor ; and it is added that Thomas 
Brook, his son, " qui cum praedicta Johanna matre ejus vendi^ 
derunt mancrium praedictum Thomae Dennys ar^ But the 
herald is evidently in error as to Sir Thomas Brook marrying 
a daughter of Thomas Kaile ; no such alliance is on record. 
Sir Thomas doubtless purchased it, about the same time he 
acquired the part interest in Wey croft, and exchanged it with 
Thomas Dennys to complete the title, the entry in the Visi- 
tation confirming Polj]^s^8,cP0Wt. There was a family of 
Kaile or KauU tliii^'^elfl lantfs/at'fehard, where also Sir 
Thomas Brook had jcOrisideratile possesions. Arms of Kaul — 
Quarterly emhattled^rgent and sable. 

At the death of ^|tiipHg/Jo£ianna and. the migration of her 
son to Cobham, the glory appears to have departed from 
Weycroft, and Risdon writing about 1630, remarks — 

"Sir Thomas Broke, the father of him that married with Joan Bray Broke, 
who brought the barony of Cobham into that family, bnilt here, on the rising of 
an hill, a fair new house, castle-like, and enclosed a large and spacious park, 
being a very pleasant scite over the river, and hath a g^>d prospect. It con-- 
tinueid in this family until the attainder of the Lord Cobham, in the reign of 
Ring James, who gave it to Charles (Blount), late Earl of Devon, whose feoffees 
have sold it unto Mr. Bennet, Sheriff of London. The park is destroyed, and 
the house begins to decay for want of a worthy dweller to make his abode 
there.'' 

Weycroft still exhibits in some degree a measure of its 

antient importance, is most picturesquely situated on a knoll 

overlooking the Axe river and valley, and there is a portion 

of the avenue remaining leading from the mansion across a 

field in the direction of Axminster. There are also remains 

of buildings, walls with arches built up, extending south of 

the present house, the site being now a garden. 



THEKEWYGSK 



AfT«m, UNOX AMD 




o 

3: 




O 
as 



The Brook Family. 13 

IBrook, 

OF LE BROOK, IN .ILCHESTER, SOMERSET, ^ 

OLDITCH, IN TH()RNCOMBt:,-AND WEYCROPT, IN AXMINSTER, 

DEVON. 

The earliest location of the family of Brook, and from which 
they presumably derived their name, was from a village so 
called near Ilchester. ColUnson thus refers to it. 

'* At Ilchester without the walls toward Montacute, was an antient vUIm^ 
called Brook, or the Brook, whence a family of sreat antiquity derived the 
name of at Brook, and <ie la Brook, this being the place of their usual residence. 
There are some faint mentions of this family in times approaching the Norman 
invasion, but in the time of Henry III (1216-72) and £klw. I (1272-1307), we 
can speak with certainty of the owners of this place, who had therein manorial 
rights under the commonalty of the town of Ilchester.*' 

I.— MlilUam tie 0tm^?^..4f^Brook, lord of the manor of 
Brook, appears to ]lttve ^^' tikVB)i}l^f these, who died 15 
Henry III (1231), leaving a son^M^w^^; 

II. — ^enrp lie/i&jrOOk... He is apparently the Henry de 
Broc, described by" l^k as acquiring the manor of Olditch 
from Sir Reginald de Mohuh^ ^-^w)!^ died about 1257. He 
married j^ic^oUSi, daughter of Bryan de Goritz, dominus 
de Kingesdiin. There was a Brian de Goritz, of Chipping- 
Blandford, Dorset, temp. Edw. II, whose arms were — Vaircy 
five fusils conjoined in bend (fules. They left a son Henry. 

III.— ^enrp tie Brook married (Clijabet^ and 

deceased 18 Edw. II (1324), leaving a son John, 

IV.— 9|oSn tie Brook. He held at his death, 22 Edw. Ill 
(1348), "the manor of Brook, and a messuage with a curtilage 
and garden, and one carucate of land, without the town of 
Ivelchester, of the commonalty of that town, and also lands at 
Sock-Dennis, Bishopston, and Kingston." He married 3|0dn, 
daughter of Sir John Bradstone, Knt. — probably of the 
Gloucestershire family of that name, of whom Thomas de 
Bradestone, a Knight-Banneret, was summoned to Parliament 
as a Baron, from 25th February, 1342, to 3rd April, 1360, in 
which year he died — and was succeeded by his grandson 
Thomas, who died about 1370, leaving an only daughter and 



14 Papers J |fc, 

heiress, married to Walter de la Pole : their arms — Argent^ on 
a canton gules^ a rose or^ barbed vert. John de Brook left a 
son Thomas. 

v.— ^j)Oma0 He ffirook. He granted, 31 Edw. Ill (1358), 
"to Thomas Waryn and his heirs a certain yearly rent of 
twenty pounds, payable out of- his lands and tenements in la 
Broke juxta Ipelchester, and in the town of Ivelcheater." He 
married Con0tanCf, the daughter of ... . Markensfeld, 
died 41 Edw. Ill (1368), leaving a son Thomas. The arms 
of Markenfield, of York, are given as Argent^ on a bend sable^ 
three bezants. 

VI.— ^()Oma0 tie Brook. He is included by Pole among 
"the men of best worth in Devon," during the reigns of 
Rich. II, Henry IV, and Henry V (1377-1413), and styles 
him Sir Thomas Brooke^ de Holditch, Knt. In him we reach 
the most important member of the family while resident in the 
west, owing in large measure to his marriage with the wealthy 
widow of Robert Chedder, which gave him considerable in- 
fluence in the counties of Somerset and Devon. 

He was SheriflT of Somerset (1389) ; Sheriif of Devon, 17 
Rich. II (1394), 4 Henry IV (1403) ; Knight of the Shire, 
for Somerset, 10, 11, 15, 20, and 21 Rich. II (1388-98), 1, 3, 
5, and 11 Henry IV (1400-11), and 1 and 5 Henry V (1414-19). 

Sir Thomas Brook married 3|0&dnnil, second daughter and 
coheiress of Simon Hanap, or Hanham, of Gloucestershire 
(according to Hutchins so denominated from a place of that 
name, situate a short distance east of Bristol) and widow of 
Robert Chedder, Mayor of that city in 1360-1, who died 
1382-4 ; and by whom she had four sons. She held in dower 
extensive landed possessions, and several advowsons, in Somer- 
set, Gloucester, and Dorset, which passed at her death to 
Thomas Chedder, her only surviving son by this marriage. 
This family of Chedder will be further referred to.* 

* Arms of Brook, of Olditch— C/u/m, on a chevron argent, a lion rampant sable ; 

; of Hanham, 
crosses /ormi 



of Chedder, ScU>le, a chevron ermine, between three escallops argent ; of Hanham, 
Quarterly or and guUs, over aU on a bend cTigraUed sable, three c\ 



fiUM of the first. 



The Brook Family. 15 

By her second husband, Sir Thomas Brook, she appears to 
have had two sons, Thomas and MichaeL 

Between the years 1395 and 9 Henry IV ( 1407), Sir Thomas 
purchased the manor of Weycroft, in the parish of Axminster, 
situate about a mile from that town, and three from Olditch \ 
and there erected a residence of castellated form, on a pic- 
turesque eminence overlooking the river and valley of the Axe. 
Although, apparently from traces left, much of the original 
structure has been destroyed, the portion remaining is of con- 
siderable size, and if somewhat modernized, its antient fea- 
tures have been tolerably well preserved by subsequent repairs. 
In the extension of the building, at the rear, what was once 
the hall still exists, with side windows of transomed and 
cusped lights, and a handsome chimney-piece in the gable end ; 
as shown in the illustration. 

An important event was now about to happen which raised 
the family of Brook to their highest position, and withdrew 
them soon after from their pleasant squire-built residence in 
this Devonshire valley, to the grand associations of baronial 
Cobham, in the fertile plains of Kent. 

This was the marriage of Thomas Brook, their eldest son, 
bom about 1391, with Joan Bray broke, the daughter, only 
surviving child, and sole heiress of Joan de la Pole, Lady of 
Cobham, in Kent, by her second husband Sir Nicholas Bray- 
broke. 

On February 20th, 11 Henry IV (1409-10), a contract was 
entered into between Sir Thomas Brook of the one part, and 
Sir John Oldcastle, and the Lady Joan, his wife, on the other 
(he was her fourth husband), that his son Thomas should 
marry Joan the daughter of the latter, before the Feast of 
Pentecost, next ensuing, if God should grant them life — si 
IJeiis illis vitam concedit. 

On 29th November, 1417, Edmund Staiford, Bishop of 
Exeter, granted a license to Thomas Brook, Esq., and Joan 
his wife, to have a domestic chapel or oratory, " infra Mans- 



16 Papers^ Sfc, 

ionem suam de Wycroft in Parochid de Axmynstre^ 

The death of Sir Thomas, according to the inscription on 

the brass is placed as occurring on the 23rd January, 1419, 

5 Henry I V ; but the year is probably an error, as the probate 

of his will was granted 5th February, 1417-8. 
In 1427, a license 



'* To enclose a park of eight hundred acres and to crenellate the mansion was 

S anted to Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester, Sir Thomas Brooke, Sir Giles 
aubeney and others, who appear to have been acting as his co-trustees, prob- 



ably in connection with a settlement made in 1410, on the marriage of the (then) 
owner, Sir Thomas Brooke, witkJo*ii Bray )?[rpke. With stones and lime to enclose, 
crenellate, turrellal^ and emf>atlfethei«> Manor ( House) of Wycroft, in Axminstre, 
and make a park tnere,' yit^ ;^ lib^ij^s a^id franchises, so that no one should 
flee into it, or ente^ to seize anyoneWraioutJ leave — Manerium suum de Wycroft 
in A xmirutre, cumtpetris et ccUce includere fereneUare et baUeUare et octingenteu 
acrcu terre et &o«pl i^%Axmin8txe induder^ et parcum inde facere possint.*' — 
Falmnn^B Book ojM^^Jjc^y^ ;• i 

In the enclosing of lliis paflCT^ incident not uncommon of 
its kind occurred, pertinent to such operations, that of ob- 
structing or closing certain rights of way belonging to neigh- 
bouring owners and the public, over the said park, and causing 
a dispute thereby. 

At Shute, about four miles from Weycroft, there resided at 
that date Sir William Bonville, afterward Lord Bonville, K.G., 
of Chewton-Mendip, executed after the second battle of St. 
Albans, in 1460-61. He was the grandson of Sir William 
Bonville, of Shute, who died in 1407-8, to whose will " Mon- 
sieur Thomas Brooke," the husband of Lady Johanna was 
appointed an overseer. It is easy to see how the dispute 
arose, as between them. 

On the other side of the valley, and nearly opposite Wey- 
croft, is an estate or manor called Uphay, which belonged to 
Sir William Bonville ; and the residence thereon, which his 
family probably occasionally occupied, appears to have been 
of sufficient consideration for Bishop Brantyngham to grant 
him a licence for a domestic chapel there, 24th July, 1375 — 
a further licence for the same object being granted or renewed 
by Bishop Lacy on 8th May, 1421. 

By the imparking such a large tract of land as eight hundred 




SIR THOMAS AND DAME JOHANNA BROOK. 



The Brook Family. 17 

acres, by the widowed Lady Johanna and her son Sir Thomas, 

doubtless some public rights of way from Uphay and elsewhere 

across it, had been obstructed or stopped. 

Accordingly the matter was referred to Nicholas Wysbeche, 

Abbot of the adjacent Abbey of Newenham, and others for 

adjustment, who, observes Mr. Davidson — 

'* Wm appointed with fi^e of his neighbours a mediator in a dispute between 
Sir William Bonville, of Shute, and Joan the widow of Sir Thomas Brooke, 
arising from the obstruction of several public roads and paths in the foundation 
and enclosure of the park at Weycroft by the lady and her son. The transcript 
of an instrument has been preserved which recites the circumstances of the case 
at great length, and concluded with an award, which as the Abbot was nomi- 



nated by the Lady Brooke, does credit to his justice as an umpire, as well as to 
his hospitality ; for, after deciding on every point in favour of Sir William 
Bonville, and directing all the ways to be thrown open to the public, it con- 



cludes by directing the knight and the lady should ride amicably together to 
Newenham Abbey on a day appointed, where they should exchange a kiss in 
token of peace and friendship, and dine together at the Abbot's table. The 
deed is dated at Axminster, 13th August, 1^. ' 

Lady Johanna Brook survived her second husband just 
twenty years, and died on 10th April, 1437, and they were 
both buried at the east end of the north aisle of Thorncombe 
old church, where two fine brass effigies were placed to their 
memory on a stone in the pavement, with a ledger inscription 
and four shields. The figures have fortunately been preserved, 
but only a small portion of the inscription remained, and the 
shields were gone. The new church at Thorncombe does not 
occupy the same site as the former one, but the effigies have 
been preserved and inserted in another stone and placed in a 
relative position therein on a low tomb, with this restored in- 
scription around them : 

** Here lyth Sir Thomas Brook Knygte the whiche dyed the xxiii 
day of Januiere the yere of oure lorde MCCCC Sf XIX 
and the Jifte yere of Kynge Harry the V. Also here lyth 
dame Johan Brook the toyfe of the sayde Thomas the 
whyche died the x day of Apryll : The yere of our lorde 
MCCCC §• XXXVIJ and the xv yere of Kynye Harry 
the vj: on whois Sonles God haue mercy Sf ptie^ that for vs 
dyed on the Rode tree, amen^ 
The effigies are two of the most distinguished to be found 

VcL XLI V (Third Series, Vol. I VJ, Part IL c 



18 Papers^ Ifc, 

remaining of that era. Sir Thomas is clad in a long gown, 
with deep dependant sleeves, guarded with fur around the 
skirt and collar, and pulled in at the waist by a belt studded 
with roses. Within the gown a second garment appears, with 
four rows of fur around the skirt. His hair is polled, and 
his feet rest on a greyhound couchant, collared. Lady 
Johanna wears a long robe fastened across the breast by a 
cordon with tassells, over a plain gown. Her hair is dressed 
in semi-mitre shape, and confined by a richly jewelled net, 
over which is placed the cover-chief, edged with embroidery, 
and dependant to the shoulders. At her feet is a little lap- 
dog, collared and belled. Both wear the collar of S.S., their 
arms are in tightly-fitting sleeves, and the hands are raised in 
prayer. 

At the death of Lady Johanna Brook, the large possessions 
she had held in dower of her first husband Robert Chedder, 
which included the manor of Cheddar and the advowson of the 
Chantry of our Blessed Lady in the church there, was inherited 
by her only surviving son by him, Thomas Chedder (ob. 
1442-3), who had married a Devonshire lady, Isabel Scobahull, 
of South-Pool, a parish in the southernmost angle of that 
county. 

Thomas Brook, her eldest son by her second husband, suc- 
ceeded to Olditch, Weycroft, Brook-Ivelchester, and other 
landed property of considerable extent belonging to his father 
— and he had made a distinguished match with Joan Bray- 
brokc, only daughter and heiress of the Lady of Cobham, in 
Kent. 

Of the other son, Michael Brook, we get no account, and he 
probably died without issue. 

VIL— feir XIL^Oma0 Brook* the son of Sir Thomas Brook 
and the Lady Johanna, was born about 1391, he being twenty- 
six years of age at the death of his father, 23rd January, 
1417-8. He was Knight of the Shire for Dorset, 1 Henry V 
(1413-4) : for the county of Somerset, 8 Henry V (1420-1), 



The Brook Family. 19 

and 1 and 5 Henry VI (1422-3 and 1426-7), and was knighted 
between 1416 and 1422. 

His marriage with 31 O^^* ^^7 surviving child and sole 
heiress of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, by her second 
husband Sir Reginald Braybroke, took place in 1409-10, 
and she proved a prolific mother, bringing him ten sons and 
four daughters. Of the sons ( 1 ) Edward^ eldest son and heir 
was summoned to Parliament as a Baron by writs from 13th 
January, 1444-5 (23 Henry VI), to 28th February, 1462-3 
(2 Edw. IV), as ''Edward Broke de Cobham, Chivalier:' He 
was a strong adherent of the House of York, and as previously 
related, had his mansion at Olditch sacked by the Lancastrian 
Earl of Ormond ; was present at the first battle of St. Alban's, 
23rd May, 1455 ; took part in the solemn procession to St. 
Paul's, London ; and commanded the left wing of the York- 
shire men at the battle of Northampton, 10th July, 1460, 
He married Elizabeth, daughter oi James Touchet, Lord Audley^ 
and died in 1464. (2) Reginald, was of Aspall, in Suffolk, with 
descent still in existence. (3) Hugh : he married Petronel 
.... and his descendants settled in Somerset. John, his son, 
Sergeant-at-law to Henry VIII, married a daughter of 
Mericke, of Bristol, and had three sons : Thomas, married Joan 
Speke, and had issue ; Hugh, of Long Ashton ; Arthur, whose 
son Edward, was of Barrow-Gumey, and he had issue Hugh, 
who married Dorothy Preston, of Glastonbury, ; Thomas, 
also of Glastonbury Abbey (1623), who married Rebecca, 
daughter and co-heir of John Wyke, of Ninehead, ; and Sir 
Davy or David Brook, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
Knighted 1 Mary (1553), who married Catherine, sister of 
John Bridges, Lord Chandois — this descent is given in the 
Somerset Visitation for 1623. (4) Thomas-, (5) John; (6) 
Robert ; (7) Peter \ (8) Christopher ; (9) Henry ; (10) Morgan ; 
all died without issue. Of the daughters: (1) Margaret; 
(2) Christian, died without issue; (3) Joan, or query Isabel^ 
married John Carrant ; (4) Elizabeth, John St, Maure, whose 



20 Papers^ ifc, 

daughter Joan married John Blewitt^ of Holcornbe-Rogiis, 
whose son Nicholas^ ob. 22nd August, 1523. 

Although his wife styled herself Lady of Cobham, her 
husband was never summoned to Parliament as a Baron — the 
title remaining in abeyance thirty-two years, from 22nd March, 
1413, temp. Sir John Oldcastle, until Sir Thomas Brook's son, 
Sir Edward Brook, had summons, 13th January, 1445. Ho 
survived his mother seven years, his mother-in-law five years 
only, and died in 1429. A continuation of the descent of 
Brook, will be given. 



Co&bam, 

OF COBHAM, KENT, AND OF SOMERSET AND DEVON. 

Our little annals have shewn that Sir Thomas Brook, the 
younger, of Olditch and Weycroft, made the distinguished 
match of taking to wife, Joan Bray broke, the only daughter 
and sole heiress of Joan de la Pole-Bray broke. Lady of Cob- 
ham, in Kent : thereupon, or soon after, he appears to have 
forsaken the olden associations of his birth-place, and the in- 
heritances derived from his ancestors in Somerset and Devon, 
migrating to the grander attractions of baronial Cobham, 
where his name and posterity, ennobled and otherwise greatly 
honoured, flourished for several generations. A notice of this 
succession now demands attention. 

The very antient family of Cobham, in Kent, although so 
far removed from the west-country, had very early associations 
with the counties of Somerset and Devon. 

The first so related, and pertaining to this account, were two 
brothers, Henry and John de Cobham, the sons of John de 
Cobham, fourth in the Kent descent. 

John de Cobham was Sheriff of Kent, 1259-61 ; Justice 
Itinerant of the Common Pleas, 1267-71 ; King's Sergeant 
and Justice of the King's Bench, 1275; Baron of the Ex- 



The Brook Family. 21 

chequer,* and Constable of the Castle and City of Rochester, 
1279-80. Both were his sons by his first wife, Joan, daughter 
of Sir Robert de Septrans ; she died before 1298, and he de- 
ceased in March, 1300. They were both buried in the parish 
church of St. Mary Magdalen, Cobham, where his gravestone 
remains, denuded of its brasses : but his wife's effigy still 
exists clad in wimple, cover-chief and long robe, under a fine 
canopy, said to be the earliest known example of a canopy to 
a monumental brass. Boutell (1848) says, '^the Longobardic 
letters and narrow fillets of latten have been removed from 
the verge of the slab, to which this fine brass is attached," and 
that the inscription ran thus : 

Dame : Jone : de : Kobeham : gist : isi : devs : de : sa : alme : 
^eit : merci : kike : pur : le : alme : priera : qnaravatc : jours : 
de : pardovn : avera, 
which may be rendered : 

*' Dame Jone de Kobeham lies here — God have mercy on her souL 
Each one who shall pray for her sonl^ shall have forty days 
pardonJ*^ 

This brass has been erroneously assigned to represent the 
wife of her grandson, Joan de Beauchamp, who died subse- 
quent to 1343, a period much too late for the costume. 

H£NRY DE Cobham, his eldest son, was appointed Con- 
stable of the Castle and City of Rochester, 1304, and Constable 
of the Castle of Dover, and Warden of the Cinque Ports, 34 
JSdw. I, 1305-6. He was the first Baron of Cobham, being 
summoned to Parliament as such, from 8th January, 1313, to 
22nd January, 1336 ; and is described by Mr. Waller, as "a 
stirring and active man in the public administration and mili- 
tary enterprises of the nation." He married Maud, the 
daughter of Eudo de Moreville^ and widow of Matthew de 
Columbers. 

* Pole mentions a John Cobham, *< who sate in Devon, ye 33 yeere K. Henry 
III/' 1249 — probably father of this John, who was Justice Itinerant and of the 
Common Fleas at this time— and another John de Cobham, "who sate at 
Ezon.," in 1286. 



22 Papers^ Sfc. 

In pursuing our narrative we have now to make a diversion 
into Somerset, and follow him there. 

At Stoke-sub-Hamdon was one of the mansions or cas- 
tellated residences of the antient and distinguished family of 
the Beauchamps — Barons Beauchamp, also styled, "of Hacche," 
(Hatch-Beauchamp), in the county of Somerset. It was of 
considerable size as befitted their rank and station, license to 
fortify it being granted, 7 Edw. Ill (1334), and attached to it 
was a chantry or free chapel, apparently of large size, dedicated 
to St. Nicholas ; but of all these extensive buildings, a few 
insignificant portions only, now remain. 

Its occupant at this era was John de Beauchamp, the first 
of the family summoned to Parliament as a Baron, 27 Edw. I 
(1299) — ^he was frequently engaged in military service uJider 
that monarch, by whom he was Knighted in 1306, in company 
with the king's eldest son. Prince Edward, in the expedition 
to Scotland, in that year ; he also signed the celebrated letter 
to the Pope, 29 Edw. I (1299). He was also constituted 
Governor of Bridgwater Castle. In 1304 he founded in the 
chapel at Stoke-Beauchamp, a Collegiate Chantry, consisting 
of a Provost and four other Chaplains, and suitably endowed 
it, together with a house in the village for their common resi- 
dence, which still exists. The Beauchamps were munificently 
inclined toward the Church, some earlier members of the 
family are assigned to be the founders of the Augustine Priory 
of St. Gregory, at Frithelstock, in north Devon, and bene- 
factors to the Cistercian Abbey of Ford, where their arms 
Vaire^ appear on the sinister side of the Conventual seal. He 
died 10 Edw. Ill (1337), and by his wife, Joan, left two sur- 
viving children, John his heir, and a daughter Joan. 

In the year 1316, the aforesaid Henry de Cobham was 
apparently on a visit to this John de Beauchamp, at his man- 
sion at Stoke-sub-Hamdon. About 1314, John de Cobham, 
his son, had married the above Joan, only daughter of his 
host, John de Beauchamp, and her father gave her a marriage 



The Brook Family. 23 

portion of four hundred pounds. Henry de Cobham died at 
Stoke during his visit, 9 Edw. II (1316), aged 76, and was 
buried in the Collegiate Chapel adjoining the mansion, his son 
John being present, the details of whose journey and expenses, 
which were defrayed by the Cobhams, were extant in 1574. 

The interesting old itinerant Leland, who visited Somerset 
about 1541-2, was evidently greatly impressed with the impor- 
tant castle of the Beauchamps at Stoke-sub-Hamdon, and its 
attendant chapel, and so put on record a singularly detailed 
account of what he witnessed there, at that time apparently in 
the earlier stages of decay. For the easier realization of its 
then remaining glory, his description has been rendered in 
modem spelling : 

" I saw at Stoke in a bottom hard bv the village very notable rains of a fcreat 
Manor Place or Castle, and in this Manor Place remaineth a very ancient 
Chapel, wherein be divers tombs of noble men and women. 

In the south west side of the Chapel be Hvo images on tombs, one hard 
joined to another, three of men harnessed and shielded, and two of women. 
There hath been inscriptions on each of them, bat now so sore defaced, they 
cannot be read. I saw a shield or two all VaiH^ of Hue and white. There be 
in this part of the Chapel also, two tombs without images. 

There is in the north side of the body of the Chapel, a tomb in the wall 
without imaffe or writing, and a tomb with a goodly image of a man of arms in 
the north side of the ^uire with shield as I remember all Vair6 ; and even afore 
the quire door but without it, lieth a very great flat marble stone, with an 
image in brass flatly graven, and this writing in French about it. 

*' Id gitt le n<Me d: vaiUatU Chivaler Maheu de Quraey iadys Hne^chal de 
Landes «fc eapUain du Chastel Daques pro noatre seignor le roy en la duche de 
Guyene, que en ta vie fu a la batail de Beaumarin, dt ala apres a la siege Dal- 
gezire trur le Sarazines, A auxi a les hatailles de Lescluse, de Creasy, de 
Yngenesse, de Peyteres, de Nazara. Dozrey, ds a plusoure autren bataUUg it* 
ass^ges en lea quex U gavna noblement graund los A honour per le apace de 
xxUij <Cr xm ana, 4s moniat le xxvj jour de Septembre Ian noatre aeignor Jesu 
Christ MCCCCVJ que de aalme dieux eit mercy. Amen." 

There was beside this grave another, in the west-end of the body of the 
Chapel, having a great flat stone without inscription. 

I marked in the windows three sorts of arms, one all Vairi, blue and whUe, 
another with three atripea gulea dovm-right in a field of gold. The third was 
rroaaleta of gold many intemixt in one in afield, as I remember, gold. 

There is a Provost belonginff to this Collegiate Chapel now in decay, where 
sometime was good service, and now but a mass said three times in the week.'* 

Of the fine mansion only the barest traces of the foundations 

are now visible, and of the evidently large chapel, filled with 

an array of the most interesting tombs — eleven in number — 

to the Beauchamps, the antient lords of the place, knights and 

ladies reclining aroimd, " in their habits as they lived," doubt- 



24 Papers^ ifc. 

less among them their visitor and relative Henry de Cobham, 
who was there buried, the brazen effigies of the aged warrior, 
Sir Matthew Gournay, in his harness, stretched upon the floor* 
at the entrance door of the choir, and the windows above them 
sparkling with the armories of their families and descent, 
must have formed an unique sight. 

Of this once almost fairy scene of mediaeval interest, now, 
not a vestige remains, and when the writer visited the place a 
few years since, a potato garden occupied its site, in the centre 
of which an interment or two had been discovered, the remains 
indicating their having been male and female, and from time 
to time a few pieces of encaustic tiles and fragments of 
sculpture are occasionally exhumed. Its desecration and 
effacement is complete. 

John de Cobham, second Baron, was Knight of the Shire 
for Kent at intervals between 1312 and 1334-5, in which latter 
year he was constituted Admiral of the Fleet from the mouth 
of the Thames westward, a Justice of Oyer and Terminer, and 
Constable of Rochester Castle. He was summoned to Parlia- 
ment as a Baron, from 24th November, 1350, to 15th March, 
1354-5, and for his military services was created a Knight- 
Banneret by Edward III, with an annuity of a hundred marks. 
His first wife Joan Beauchamp, was alive in 1343, and he 
married secondly Agnes, daughter of Richard Stone^ of Dart- 
ford. He died 25th February, 1354-5, and was buried in the 
chancel at Cobham, where his brass still exists, the armour 
and appointments being very similar to those of his son, the 
Founder of the College. The inscription is remarkable and no 
other exactly like it is known : 
" Vous qe passez ici entour Priez pur lalmc Ic cortays viandour 

* This redoubtable old knight was the last Dossessor of Stoke, by his marriage 
with Alice, ob. 1383, widow of John, fourth and last Baron Beauchamp, ob. 1361, 
and at his death it reverted to the Crown and was included in the possessions 
of the Duchy of ComwalL He died in 1406, aged ninety-six, and had for his 
companion-in-arms, another venerable west-country knight, Sir John SuUv, 
K.6.. of Iddesleigh, in Devon, whose tomb and effigies are iu Orediton church, 
and who died in 13S7, a||ed one hundred and seven. They fought together at 
Creasy and Najara, serving iu the French wars of that era. 



The Brook Family. 25 

Qe Johan de Cobham auoit a noun Dieux luy face uerray 
pardoun Qe trepassa lendemayn de Seint Mathei Le puis- 
aunt otrie ademorer one ly En Ian de grace Mil CCCL 
qatre Ces enemisjist abatre^^ 

which tells us 

" Ye who pass by here^ pray for the soul of the gentle host^ who 
was named Johan de Cobham. God to him give very pardon ; 
who passed away the day after St. Matthew^s day. The 
Almighty grant (him) to dwell with Him. In the year of 
grace^ 1354. Those enemies he hath made to be abased.^^ 
The date would be the 25th February, 1354-5. 
A second digression awaits us here, concerning John de 

Cobham, the younger brother of Henry de Cobham (the first 

baron of that name who died at Stoke-sub-Uamdon) and who 

came into Devon and settled there. 



Co&bam, 

OF BLACKBOKOUGU, DEVON. 

Blackborough, a parish in east Devon, lying under the 
Blackdown hills, a few miles east of CoUumpton, was held by 
the Bolhays, of Blackburgh-Bolhay. Hamelin de Bolhay died 
54 Henry III (1270), and Dame Philippade Bolhay presented 
to the living of Blackborough, 8th January, 1274-5. Here a 
branch of the Cobhams was located in Devon. 

John de Cobham, described by Pole as a "younger son 
of Cobham in Kent," was the younger son of John de Cobham 
and Joan de Septvans, and brother to Henry de Cobham, the 
first Baron, who died at Stoke-sub-Hamdon, in 1339. He 
married Amicia or Amy, daughter of James de Bolliayy of 
Blackburgh-Bolhay, and inherited the manor. There were 
four children, James^ his heir ; Isabel^ who married John Bam- 
field, of Poltiraore ; Elizabeth^ to Sir Hugh Peverell, from 
whom the Hungerfords ; and Philippa, to Nicholas Ingpen, 
from whom successively Fitchett, Hill of Spaxton, Cheney of 

Vol. JLJ V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part 11. d 



26 Papers^ Sfc. 

Pinhoe, and Walgrave, of Suffolk. James de Cobham was 

succeeded bj Joh?i, named as eighth in the entail settled by 

John de Cobham, third Baron, who married Margaret Courte- 

nay, son of John, second Baron, who married Joan Beauchamp, 

of Stoke-sub-Uamdon. He was succeeded by Sir John Cob- 

ham^ 7 Rich. II (1394), who married Katherine^ eldest daughter 

of Sir William Bonville^ of Shute, ob. 1407-8, by his first wife 

Margaret de Aumarle. They would thus be contemporary 

with Sir Thomas and Dame Johanna Brook, whose son married 

the heiress of the main descent of Cobham in Kent. It was of 

this lady the domestic incident is related that occurred at the 

baptism of her nephew, the unfortunate Lord William Bon- 

ville, of Chewton, K.G., when he made proof as to his coming 

of age, before the king's escheator, in the first year of King 

Henry V, 1413-14. John Cokesdene and others deposed that 

on the day of his baptism, the last day of August, 1393 — 

** They were together elected at Honiton on a certain * love-day,' to make 
peace between two of their neigh boon, and on that very day, there came there 
a certain Lady Katherine, widow of Sir John Cobham, Knt., and then wife of 



John Wvke, of Nynhyde, an aunt of the said William, proposiog to drive to 
8hute, tninking she should be god-mother to the said infant, and met there a 
certain E!dward Dygher, servant to the said Sir William Bonevile. who was re* 



puted to be half-witted in consequence of his being loquacious and jocular, and 
who asked her whither she was going. Who answering quickly, said, * Fool, 
to Shute, to see my nephew made a Christian,' to which the said Edward 
replied, with a grin, in his mother tongue, * Kate, Kate, ther to by myn pate 
comystow tu late,* meaning thereby that the baptism of the child was already 
over ; whereupon she mounted upon her horse in a passion, and rode home in 
deep anger, vowing that she would not see her sister, to wit the said child's 
mother, for the next six months, albeit she should be in eastremis, and die. *' 

By Sir .John Cobham she had one daughter, Elizabeth^ 
married to Walter Charleton^ but there was no issue, "after 
whose death," says Pole, "by virtue of a remainder in an 
entail, the Lord Bonville enjoyed this (Blackburgh) and other 
lands, notwithstanding the claim of Hungerford, Hill, and 
Bamfield, the right heirs. The issue male (of Cobham) failed 
in the time of Rich. II, 1377-99." 

Secondly, Dame Katherine married John Wyke, of Nyne- 
head-Flory, Somerset — he ])resented to the rectory of Black- 
borough, in June, 1405, and died 12 Henry IV, 1411. Thirdly, 



The Brook Family. 27 

she married Humphrey Stafford, of Grafton, Worcestershire, 
and died 1st August, 1416. 

They differenced the Cobham arms with eaglets for lions^ 
and bore, Gules^ on a chevron or, three eaglets displayed sable. 



Co&bam, 

OF KENT, ETC. — CONTINUED. 

John de Cobham, third Baron, was the eldest so^i of John 

de Cobham, second Baron, by Joan Beauchamp, of Stoke-sub- 

Hamdon, his first wife. He married about 1332-3, Margaret, 

eldest daughter of Hiyh Courtenay, second Earl of Devon^ ob. 

1377, by his wife Margaret, ob. 1392, daughter of Humphrey 

de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, by his wife the Princess 

Elizabeth, seventh daughter of King Edward I ; and who 

were then residing at Colcombe, in ('olyton, Devon. 

At their marriage the Earl appears to have settled sundry 

lands on them, and on the 8th April, 1355, John de Cobham 

gave a certain sum of money to his father-in-law, the Earl at 

Colcombe, for the maintenance of his wife there, and the Earl's 

receipt for the same is still in existence, which runs thus : 

** Conue chone soiet a totes gentz que nous hughe de Cortenay eourUe de Deunes- 
chire auons receu de Johaun de Cobehaum chiualier JUtz monneur Johaun de 
Cobehaum de Kent chiualier quynze lyurts sys southe de oyct deniera pur le 
noiourn el auUrea neeeMsarie^i Afargarete de Cobehaum nostre fyUe aa compaigne 
deT terme de Ptuche darroyne pcuute come pleynement aperct par endentures entre 
nous/eates. Des queaux quyme iyures sy» tiovth A oyct deniers nous nous tenoms 
pleynement estre paietz et lauaunet diet Johaun quytes par icestes noz prenentes 
UetrtM daquytaunee du nontre neal ensealed. Done a Colecomb le tfiij^ jour de 
April Loan due regne nofttre Wffnour le Roi Bdward troys puis U conqueste 
vynet A neqfysme." 

which may be thus rendered : 

" Be it known to all people that we, Hugh de Coartenay. Earl of Devonshire, 
have received of John de Cooham, Knight, son of Sire John de Cobham, of Rent, 
Knight, fifteen poands. six shillings, and eightpence, for the lodging and other 
neceeaaries of Margaret de Cobham, our daughter, his companion, from the term 
of Easter last past, as fully appears from the indentures made between us. Of 
which fifteen pounds, six shillings, and eightpence, we hold ourselves to be fully 
paid, and the aforesaid John released by these our present letters of acquain- 
tance with our seal attached. Given at Colcombe the 8th day of April, the 29th 
year of the reign of our Lord King Edward the third after the Conquest." 



28 Pnpera^ tfc. 

This John de Cobham was the last, as he was also the most 
remarkable and influential representative of this the main 
descent. Mr. .1. G. Waller in his comprehensive and admir- 
able account of the family of C'obham, in the Kent ArchcBih- 
logical Transactions* gives this interesting sketch of his life, 
and infers that at the time he gave the curious receipt : 

He was then probably about to serve with the army in France, where 
Edw. Ill, exasperated at the doable dealins of Philip, had begun an active 
campaign. At his father's death, in 1355, he became Lord of Ck)bham, was 
first summoned to Parliament 20th September, the same year. In 1359, he 
was in the great expedition to France, under Edw. III. In 1362, he founded 
and endowed Cobham College, for five priests, one to be the Warden, to say 
masses for the repose of the souls of the founder^s ancestors, for the good 
estate of himself and family while living and all Christian souls. In 1366- 7» 
he was again in France, engaged in the war. In 1367f he was sent ambassador 
to Rome, to obtain from Pope Urban V, the appointment of William of Wyke- 
ham to the See of Wi^ohest^jr. , .Jl&i^'9i-ll^ '^tf^ made a Banneret by the King 
in person. In 1337 h^fiiii^Tfii>|ir>bf^$^.^4i°^B^^^* i^ the public service. 
In 1380-1, he had Ucehs^^ wanellat^ aqfi^/orfify his mansion of Cowling, the 
reconstruction of whieh Wtfio^e^AiMmw^ and was in progress. In 1383. he 
was sent to treat with the Count of Flanders, long at war with hia snbjeots ; 
and subsequently witji tiie Duke of Lancaster, and others, to conclude a peace 
or truce with France.^^ In.lB8&,'h«^a9Kt)|>oin^ with others by Parliament to 
examine into the stataioltbe KiM^ jRicbtod^s) ^ourt. revenues, grants, etc. ; and 
made one of the King^s grSs^'iffiir^nfifillarCoifncil for one year. This Council, 
which restrained the Ring's power was afterward to feel his full resentment. 

The outcry against the Kine^s rule made itself heard early in 1388, in the 
memorable impeachment by the Commons of Michael de la Pole, Duke of 
Suffolk, the Chancellor, and others. Among the names of the Lords Apellant, 
we find that of John de Cobham. On the day fixed for the meeting of these 
Ciimmissioners, an armed ambuscade was placed at the Mews under the 
command of Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Lord Mayor, to way -lay them on 
their route to Westminster. Being duly warned they avoided the snare, and 
then demanded a safe conduct under the Rinses own hand. On the day 
appointed the Barons canie well attended, and the recordn of Parliament 
contain no more exciting scene. The Lords Appellant brousht a long list 
of charges against the accused, none of whom appeared, and In the presence 
of the King, fluns down their gages on the floor of the house, ready to 
make them eood by battle. In the meantime Sir Robert TresilUan, the 
Judge, one of the accused, was taken in disguise within the precincts of the 
AbMy, and produced before the Lords. With great spirit he offered to defend 
himself by wager of battle, but this was disallowed. Judgment was recorded 
against him. and he was subsequently drawn on a hurdle to Tyburn, and there 
executed. Subsequently the same fate befel Sir Nicholas Brembre. 

In 1389, he sat as a member of the Court of Chivalry, in the celebrated 
case between Scrope and Grosvenor,+ and on another in 1392, in the dispute 
between Morley and Lovel, and engaged in sundry other public official acts, 
aud useful services near his home. He then lost his wife, Margaret Courtenay, 
and probably anticipating his dying without a direct heir, executed an elabo- 
rate deed of entail, which included several members of the faroilv. 



* From which we largely quote both here and elsewhere in this Paper, and 
desire to render all acknowledgments and thanks. 

t The venerable old Sir John Sully, R.Q., before alluded to, eave evidence 
iu this case, on 2nd July, 1386, the Commissioner, John Rentwode, proceeded 
to tddesleigh, in Devon, and in the church there took the old knight's, and his 
esquire, Richard Baker's evidence on oath . He must have been then 106 years old. 



rkfi NEW rovH 
«JBUCLlSRA4vV 




JOHN DE COBHAM, FOUNDER OF COBHAM COLLEGE. 




MARGARET COURTENAY, WIFE OF JOHN DE COBHAM. 



The Brook Family. 29 

It waa only jnit in time. A Parliament had been aaaembled in which 
the King had, by special writs to the Sheriffs, tampered directly with the 
elections, and thus sained a party directly in his interest. Immediate steps 
were taken against those who had acted upon the Commission of 1387-8, and 
Lord Cobham fleeins to the Monastery of the Carthusians in London, renounced 
the world. That did not protect him, for he was drawn from this seclusion, 
and with Sir John Cheney, committed to the Tower. He was then brought 
before the Parliament, which had already condemned the Earls of Warwick 
and Arundel, the former having been banished and the latter executed, even in 
contempt of accorded pardon. 

The prooeedingSf as recorded in the Rolls of Parliament, are interesting, 
as they certainly justify what the historians of the time had said, respecting 
CobhMn*t simplicity and good faith. When called in question by the King, 
concerning the Commission of 1388, he replied ' that touching the making of 
the ComtiSssion he wa$ not culpable, and touching the use and exercise of the 
same Commission, he would not have used it, nor meddled with it, but with 
the command of the King.' To which the King replied, 'that he was under 
such governance at that time, that he could not otherwise say by reason of 
those that were around him.* 

Lord Cobham waa adjudged guilty and condemned to be hanged, drawn, 
and quartered. All his estates were confiscated. But, for mere shame, an 
hiitonaa has said, the King commt^^edthis sentence on the venerable noble 
into banishment for life to Jersey, ^y Wt|g^ jyoviso, that if he escaped, the 
sentence should have full effect. I9 Wi/sSS^Mfeitil^ere was a saving of entail, 
which is worthy of note, as showfi^S^. the^ J3^6^^3WRBslif^'°^°^ ^^®^ estates 
that might otherwise pass into the hands oPxl^T>CQ^m|m]9t long afterwards, 
this sentence was made an article 61 accusation Si|Mb|ffi^fing himself. 

Two Lords Cobham were in exile at the same timSTrbrSir Reginald, second 
Baron Cobham of Sterborough, wan included iu the cimdemnAtion. The numerous 
and powerful families connected wtth-tton, th^r.^^rpudels, StafEbrds, Beau- 
champs, and others, each had their special wrongs i^iiinst the King. Henry, 
of Bolingbroke, was urged by the Archbishop o^ Caaterbury, himself an exile, 
to return. Stajrtmg from Vannes, in Brittany, and coai&ting along the shores of 
England, he eventually lauded at Ravenspnm, and among the few knishts in 
his train waa Sir Reginald Cobham. The event is known as one of great 
moment in our history. The exiled nobles returned, and Parliament cudled 
King Richard to account for the sentences passed on Lord Cobham, and others 
the Lords Appellant. A solemn surrender of the Crown took place in Parlia- 
ment, which aecreetl that the deposed mouarch should be placed m safe keeping, 
and on the record appears the name of Lord Cobham. A few years later,' he 
signed the entail of the Crown upon the fonr sons of Henry IV, and this was 
the last of his public acts. 

His whole life was an unbroken succession of services rendered the State, 
at one of tiie most oriticid periods of English historyt when the power of Parlia- 
ment was rapidly developing, and the Commons shewed themselves to be 
growing In strength. Them was no matter of public importance either at home 
or abr^ul, in which his advice as a councillor or as a diplomatist, was not 
sought or given. It is evident, even from the scanty information contained in 
oor records, that John de Cobham, the ' Founder,' must be placed among the 
most eminent statesmen of his time. 

He died 10th January, 1407-8, and must have reached a very advanced 
e, for at least seventy-four years had elapsed since his marriage contract, 
[lowing for extreme youth at that time, he could scarcely have b^n less thali 
ninety-two." 

Lady Margaret Cobham died on the 2nd of Augu.<<t, 1385, 
and was buried in the chancel of Cobham church, where there 
is a fine brasH to her memory, with this inscription : 



aSoi 



30 Papers^ Sfc. 

" S^ gist dame Margarefe de Cohehnm jadys fillc a noble St h 

Cotnite de Denenschir feme le sire de Cobeham foundour de 

ceste place qe morust le secounde jo^ dil mays Dagnst Ian 

de grace M^ CCCLXXXV lalme de qy deux eyt mercy, 

Amenr 

The arms are Cobham, and Cobham impaling Courtenfty. 

Although so far removed from Devon, she was destined to 

have her distinguished brother, William Courtenay, located 

comparatively near her a few years before her death, he 

being successively translated to the See of London in 1375, 

and elevated to the Archbishopric of Canterbury, in 1381. 

Nor were her virtues and fine character forgotten in Devon 

after her decease, for ten years later, Edmund Stafford, 

Bishop of Exeter (he had been consecrated by her brother), 

on the 10th of August, 1395 : 

''Ordered public prayers throughout the diocese for the deceased ladies, 



Margaret Cobham and Elizabeth Luttrell, sisters of the Primate, William 
Oourteuay, Archbishop of Canterbury, and describes them — 

** VdvJt arbor in domo Domini, /ructificatM in vitae JtaneUtate et puritate ate 
morum et aetuum virivosorum hofuntate Domino studuenint pro viribtu com' 
placere*" 

Which may be rendered : 

" Like a tree in the house of the Lord^ hearing fruit in holiness and imrity of 
life, and in dignity of conduct^ and virtuous deeds, they studied to please the 
Lord ufith fall) thdr might" 

And the Bishop : 

' ' Further to encourage the faithful who should assist at the solemn obser* 
vances of the exequies of these distinguished ladies, and pray for their de- 
parted souls, he grants an indulgence of forty days." — Oliver, 

Elizabeth, Lady Luttrell, was ^he wife of Sir Andrew 
Luttreli, of Chilton, and relict of Sir John de Vere — she died 
1395. 

The fine brass to John de Cobham's memory lies beside that 
of his wife in Cobham church, he supports a church in his 
hands, referable to his being the founder of the College. The 
armour is interesting from its diverse character being com- 
posed of banded chain-mail and plate, the covering of the 
thighs and gauntlets being of cuir bouilli. But it is doubtful 
if he was buried here, the brass being probably laid down 



The Br(H)h Family. 31 

during his life-time, and the inscription exhibits nothing 

definite'to confirm his interment beneath it : 

*' De terrefufait etfourme^ et en Terre et a Terre suy retoume^ 

Johan de Cobham foundenr de cestc place qifn iadis nomine 

Mercy de malme eit la seinte Trinitey 
That is— 
*' Of earth was I made and formed^ and into earth and to the 

earth am I returned^ who was formerly named Johan de 

Cobham^ Founder of this place. May the Holy Trinity 

have mercy on my soul.^^ 
There is the record of a monument once existing in the 
Church of the Grey Friars, in London, to a John de Cobham, 
Baron of Kent, '^ in a tomb raised up at the end of that altar 
by the door under the cross (transept) lies John de Cobham, 
Baron of the County of Kent," and it is difficult to see to 
whom this can refer if not to this John de Cobham. Stow, in 
his account of this magnificent structure, gives a graphic des- 
cription of the array of tombs then within it, and a long list 
of the influential persons buried beneath them. Among them 
he mentions "John Cobham, Baron of Kent," as being in- 
terred " between the choir and the altar," and notes that " in 
the choir," lay the Tyburn-executed Cornishman, "Sir Robert 
Tresilian, Knight- Justice," and his unfortunate companion, 
"Sir Nicholas Brembre, Mayor of London, buried 1386" — 
previously referred to — of whom he adds, "he was Mayor in 
1384 and 1385, was Knighted with Sir William Walworth 
in 1384 ; and in 1387, as late Mayor of London, was this 
year beheaded." 

In addition to his being the founder of the College, he also 
erected the original seat of the Cobhams, Cowling Castle, 
near Rochester, early in the reign of Richard 11. By his wife, 
Margaret Courtenay, he left one daughter only, Johanna^ 
married to John de la Pole, of Chrishall, in Essex. He was 
named as one of the Surveyors of his wife's mother, the Coun- 
tess of Devon's will. 



32 Papers, Sfc. 

De ta Pole = Cobbam, 

OF CHRISHALL, ESSEX. 

John de la Pole, who married Joan Cobham, only daughter 
of John de Cobham and Margaret Courtenay, was the son of 
William de la Pole, who was the son of Richard de la Pole, 
to whom Edward IH,. in 1338, gave ''for his extraordinary 
merits/' a thousand pounlis!tii^^ii)g.out of the Exchequer. He 
was the second son of tike .ni^ted ,^r William de la Pole, the 
great merchant of. Kingston-uponfHull, whose descendants 
occupy a di8tingm^^€d>^a'o<r;ijq^En]^lish history, a gallant and 
highly gifted race, who,''ifbeii^^|Ctajning by merit and alliance, 
the highest position and honou^, were — similar to the Cob- 
hams — summarily extinguished by Henry VIII, by the de- 
capitation of Edmund de la Pole, the second duke of Suffolk, 
on Tower Hill, 30th April, 1513 — the offence being his descent 
from the House of York, his mother having been, unfortunately 
for him, the Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, sister to Edward IV 
and Richard III. 

William de la Pole, the father of John, married Margaret 
Peverel. She was the sister and heiress of John Peverel, of 
Castle- Ashby, in Northamptonshire, after whose death he held 
Castle-Ashby and Milton, in right of his wife. She was 
living in 1358, and he in 1362. 

John Peverel, who was aged nineteen, at Eastet, 1349, died 
without issue, in November of the same year. He had mar- 
ried Isabella Basset, and was the first of this lady's six 
husbands. The birth and career of this lady was a remarkable 
one. According to Burke, she was the daughter of Ralph, 
the third Lord Basset, of Drayton, ob. 1343 — but "it is doubt- 
ful if this lady was legitimate or not." At the death of her 
presumed brother, Ralph, fourth and last Lord Basset, in 1390, 
s.p, — 

** He devUed hiB estates according to some authorities, to Sir Hugh Shirley, 
his nephew, son of his sister, Isabel, upon condition he should assume the 
surname and arms of Bassett, in failure of which, those estates were to paaa to 




JOHN DB LA POLE AND JOAN DE COBHAM, HIS WIFE 









A A A ^ ' ^ 




T^ 




JOHANNA DE LA POLE, LADY OF COBHAM. 



The Brook Family. 33 

Edmund Lord Stafford. It ia certain, however, great disputes arose after his 
decease, but it does not appear the Shirleys were engaged in it, nor did they 
take the name of Bassett." 

Her second husband was Robert de Bradeston, who was 
living 1350-1. The third, Robert Rigge, living 1357-8. The 
fourth, Sir Thomas Shirley, who died before 1362. By him 
she appears to be ancestress to Shirley, Earl Ferrers. The 
fifth. Sir John de Wodhull, who died 1367-8. 

Her sixth and last match is an interesting one as connected 
with our little history. She married, as his second wife, Sir 
Gerard Bray broke (fourth of that name, ob. 1403), the father 
of Sir Reginald Braybroke, the second husband of Joan de la 
Pole, who was the grand-daughl^i^^^^h^^ husband's sister, 
Margaret Peverel.* -, " ^^ '} 'i*; y <^ > ' 

John de la Pole and his wife,. Joan ColmWi^>fje6re buried in 
the church of Chrishall, a parist^ iarj^Qth-west B^sex ; and of 
their relationship there we learn : "^^^^^/^f^ T 

" The manor of Chrishall was held under Lord S&H^IU by William and 
Margaret de la Pole in 1351-58, and in 1399 by the heird of John de la Pole, 
from whom it passed to his descendants the Brookes. The exact year of Sir 
John's death has not been ascertained ; his lady died before her father, Lord 
Cobham, and that barony descended to their only daughter, Joan, and they 
were both dead in 1389, as Lord Cobham had East Tilbury appropriated to his 
CoU^ge at Cobham in that year, to maintain two chaplains to sing for their 
souls. The time of their deaths, however, would probably not a£fect the date 
of the brass, as there is good reason to suppose that it was put down in their 
lifetime, and perhaps soon after their marriage. Theur dauehter Joan was 
born in 1377, and the costume of the figures, and the style of &e brass is such 
as to make it almost a certainty that it was executed about tiie year 1375, at 
which time it is probable they also rebuilt the church, as their arms remain on 
the south door, and many parts of the building are of late Decorated or Transition 
character.'*— ilreAa>o/o^»ca/ Journal, voL iv, p. 338, by Mr. C. J. Manning. 

At this time, 1847, the brass lay in the nave, partly hidden 
by the seats ; the canopy mutilated, and the supporting shafts 
gone. Of the marginal inscription, only the words ^^ safemme 
priez*^ {his wifcj pray ye) remained, and but one shield, that 
between the heads of the figures, Pole impaling Cobham, is 
noted. 

The brass now lies in the pavement of the west end of the 
south aisle. It has been almost completely restored, inclusive 
of two shields bearing respectively Pole and Cobham over the 

* MiaeeUanea Oenealogica et Henddiea, vol. ii, New Series, 1874, p. 61, by 
Mr. £. W. BsABROOK. 

FO. XLI V (Third Series, Vol. I VJ, Part II, e 



34 Papers^ ^c. 

canopy. Nothing has been added to the three words re- 
maining of the original inscription. 

The costume of the figures is very similar to that of the 
lady's father and mother at Cobham — the knight shews the 
gradual change to plate armour — and the close-buttoned bodice 
and long dependant lappets of the lady's sleeves are note- 
worthy. The joined hands is not an unusual attitude found 
on brasses of that era. 

If they did not wholly rebuild the church, as has been sur- 
mised, it is probable they added the south aisle, which was 
apparently a chantry chapel. At its east end in the south 
wall, under the first window, and in the usual situation of 
founders' tombs near the altar, is a recessed tomb, with low 
canopied arch, having sculptured leaf-ornament running round 
its edge. Within it is the recumbent figure of a lady, in 
costume almost exactly similar to the lady in the brass. There 
is no inscription, nor is it known who it commemorates. If a 
surmise may be hazarded, it may represent Margaret de la 
Pole (Peverel), the mother of John of the brass ; as herself 
and husband held the manor of Chi'ishall before their son 
John. On each side of the doorway of the porch leading into 
this aisle is a shield, with sculptured bearings — that on the 
dexter side, although considerably denuded, was evidently 
charged with the parent coat of De la Pole — {Argent) a Jess 
between three leopards^ heads (or). The other, in better preser- 
vation, De la Pole of Chrishall (Azure) two bars nebulee (or). 

According to Morant, the manor of Chrisall-Bury was held 
by Ralph, Lord Stafford, ob. 1372, and his heirs; Thomas, 
Lord Stafford held it in 1392, as three parts of a fee, and the 
heirs of John de la Pole under him, and afterward Sir John 
Harpenden (fifth husband of Joan de la Pole) held it. 

Joan de Cobham was married to John de la Pole in 1362, 
and both were dead before 1 389 ; thus predeceasing her father 
who died in 1407-8, and leaving one daughter Joan, who at 
her grandfather's death became Lady of Cobham. 



The Brook Family. 36 

3[oan He la l^ole, 

LADY OF COBHAM, IN KENT. 

Joan de la Pole became Lady of Cobham at her graud- 
father's death, on 1 0th January, 1407-8 ; at the date of which 
event she had been widow to two husbands, and was married 
to a third. 

Doubtless as a great heiress in prospective, as also of the 
barony of Cobham, her hand was eagerly sought for, and she 
was of youthful age when married to her first husband, Sir 
Robert Hemendale, and after his death in 1391, she was suc- 
cessively wedded to Sir Reginald Braybroke, Sir Nicholas 
Hawberk, Sir John Oldcastle, and Sir John Harpenden, 
notices of whom will follow. 

As shewn on her brass she appears to have had ten children 
by her several husbands, six sons and four daughters, but a 
portion of them, six only, have been assigned to their fathers. 
A son, William^ to Sir Robert Hemendale ; two sons, Reginald 
and Robert^ and a daughter, Joan^ to Sir Reginald Braybroke ; 
a son, John^ to Sir Nicholas Hawberk ; and a daughter, Joan, 
to Sir John Oldcastle. 

Little further is known of her. She died in 1433, and was 

buried in the chancel of the church of St. Mary Magdalen, 

Cobham, with her ancestors and two of her husbands, and 

where there is her brass effigy. She is habited in gown with 

robe over and long dependant coverchief to the shoulders. A 

little dog with collar and bells sits at her feet. At her right 

are six sons, and at her left four daughters. Over her head a 

scroll, " JA'm iw'cy, Lady help,^ and two other scrolls, one on 

each side, " Jhu^mercy.^^ Below this inscription — 

** Hicjacet Johanna ^na de CobKm quondaH ux^ dni Reginaldi 

Braybrook militis que obiit in die Sancti Hillary EpH Anno 

dCni MUlnCo CCCCO XXXIIJO Cuius a'{e p'piciet' 

deus. Amen.^^ 

ArmB — six shields — 1, Cobham ; 2, Cobham impaling Cour- 



36 Papers^ Sfc. 

tenay ; 3, A fess between six cross^crosslets (Peverel, of 
Castle- Ashby), and De la Pole, quarterly, impaling Cobham; 
4, Quarterly, Cobham and De la Pole ; 5, Braybroke, impaling 
Cobham ; 6, Brook, impaling Cobham. 

Her death would have occurred on the 13th January, 1433-4. 
Her only surviving child, Joan^ by Sir Beginald Braybroke, it 
was who became Lady of Cobham, and married Sir Thomas 
Brook, the younger, of Olditch and Weycroft. 



The first of the five,? husbands of ftSislA'^iie la Pole, Lady of 
Cobham, was Sir Iii8||MuJ^enii^4a|69 jpr Hemenhale, of a 
knightly family in Norfolk, oSlsli^i);^ being very young at 
the time of the marriage. She had^one son by him named 
William^ who died in infancy. His death occurred in 1391, 
and he was buried in Westminster Abbey. 

Morant says " Sir Ralph Hemenhale held the manor of Rad- 
winter Hall, in Essex, and advowson of the church, afterward 
by Sir Robert, and subsequently by the family of Cobham." 

The arms of Hemenhale, of Norfolk, are given as Argent^ 
on a fess between two chevrons gules^ three escallops or. 



TBtapiJtolie = De la Pole. 

The second husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, 
was Sir Beginald Braybroke, the second son of Sir Gerard 
Braybroke, knt., third of that name, ob. 1403, by his first 
wife, Margaret, daughter and heiress of John de Lungevile, and 
widow of Sir Peter Saltraershe. Secondly his father married 
Isabella Bassett, being the last of her six husbands, already 
referred to. She died in 1393. 

Sir Reginald died 20th September, 1405, at Middleburg, on 
the Scheldt, in Flanders. He appears to have had three 






ii^ 



v«^**v 



.>*:-^:^ 




SIR REGINALD BRAYBROKE. 




SIR NICHOLAS HAWBERK. 



The Brook Family. 



37 



children by his wife, the Lady Joan : Reginald and Robert^ 
sons, who predeceased him, and a daughter, Johanna^ who, of 
all her mother's five imions and ten children, was finally the 
only surviving child, and who married Sir Thomas Brook. 

Sir Reginald is commemorated by one of the splendid brasses 
in the chancel of Cobham church. He wears the chain and 
plate armour of the period, and his two deceased sons stand on 
pedestals, one on each side. 

The inscription reads — 
" Hie iacet cTn^s Reginaldus Braybrok Miles filins Gerardi Bray- 
brok Militis ac maritus dTne Johanne dCne de Cobham heredis 
dni de Cobk'm ftindatoris-viftjfk^CoUegii^ qui quidem Regi-- 
naldus obiit aptid MyddelLn'Qg}^m^:J^landrea vicesimo die 
mensis Septembris Amjfo domini Milj^mi*Qiiadringentesimo 
Qtiinto Cuius anime pm]gf^tur deus:'- An^m AMEN^ 
The inscriptions on his sotts i^^ijlwjiftls recori — 
Hicjacet Regindm^j^f^hoT^f/ 
Hicjacet Roberf fiVt e(f^f^ 
The arms are, 1, Seven mascles voided^ three, three, and one 
(Braybroke) and Braybroke impaling Cobham. 




MIDDBLBURG, ON THE SCHRLDT, HOLLA.ND. 



38 Papers^ S^c. 

The Braybrokes were ecclesiastically connected with Devon. 
Nicholas Brajbroke, presumably uncle to Sir Reginald, was 
Vicar of Bideford, and he exchsmged with his brother Robert 
for the Archdeaconry of Cornwall, in 1381. He was Canon 
and Prebendary of Exeter, Bosham, and Crantock ; also Canon 
of St. Paul's, London. He died about 1399-1400. He was 
also librarian to Bishop Bitton, 1291-1307, mentioned as such 
at the beginning of Bishop Bronscombe's Register. 

Robert Braybroke was instituted Vicar of Bideford, 26th 
July, 1381. The patron was John Grenville (son and heir of 
Sir Theobald Grenville, deceased), who was married to Mar- 
garet, daughter of Ismania Hanham (elder sister of Dame 
Johanna Brook), by her second husband, Sir John Burghersh. 

These brothers, says Dr. Oliver, " were of a noble family in 
the county of Northampton, founders of our Lady's Chantry, 
in the episcopal palace of London, adjoining the nave of St. 
Paul's Cathedral. He (Robert) became Bishop of London, 
5th January, 1382, died 27th August, 1404." They were 
named as executors and administrators to the will of Bishop 
Grandison, of Exeter. 



I^atobetk = De la l^ole. 

The third husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, was 
Sir Nicholas Hawberk. His marriage life was of short dura- 
tion — about two years — as Sir Reginald Braybroke died 20th 
September, 1405, and Sir Nicholas on 9th October, 1407. 
One son, John, appears to have been born and predeceased 
him. Sir Nicholas died at Cowling Castle, the other and older 
residence of the Cobhams, a few miles distant, near Rochester. 
On 1 9th December, 1396, in succession to Sir John Golofre, 
deceased, he was appointed Constable of Flint Castle, SheriflT 
and Raglor, or Steward of Flintshire, and Mayor of Flint 
borough : offices he held until his death, having been re- 
appointed by Henry IV, on his accession to the throne ; and 



The Brook Family. 39 

was holding them when that monarch made Richard II a 
prisoner in Flint Castle. Sir Nicholas maintained four men- 
at-arms and twelve archers within the fortress, at the then 
considerable annual expense of £146. Subsequently he was 
one of the six knights forming the train of Queen Isabella, 
widow of Richard II, on her return to France in 1401. He 
was also in the escort of Henry IV when he visited Cologne 
in 1402, to attend Blanche his eldest daughter's marriage with 
Louis, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria. 

In the jousting at Smithfield in 1393, Stow records that — 

**Sir William DmreU, knt., the King's banner-bearer of Sootland, challenged 
Sir Pierce (Peter) Coartenay, the King's banner-bearer of Eneland, and when 
they had mn certain oonrses, saye over without conclosion of Tictory. Then 
Cookebonme, esquire, of Scotland, challenged Sir Nicholas Uawberke, knt., 
and rode f^ve coarses, bat Cookebonme was borne over, horse and man." 

He was twice married : his first wife's name was Matilda, 

and she was living 1 Henry IV (1399-1400), but nothing is 

known of her parentage. By deed dated three days before 

his death, he left all his goods and chattels (except one hundred 

shillings in silver, which he reserved to Sir Hugh Luttrell 

and others) in trust for his wife, which was duly confirmed the 

same year. Nothing is known of his parentage : there is no 

family of the name, and he was probably "a soldier of fortune." 

His memorial in Cobham Church is considered one of the 

finest military brasses in existence. The inscription records — 

** Hicjacet dtns Nicholans Hawherk miles quondam maritus cCne 

JolCne J!ne dc Cobham heredis d*ni JolCis de CohtCm fun- 

datoris istins Collegii gui quidem Nicholaus ohiit Castru' de 

Cowling mmo die Octobris^ Anno domini Mitmo quadringen- 

tesimo septimo. Cuius anime propicietur deus. Amen^ 

Under his son — 

^^Hicjacet John's Jili eor\ 

The arms are of an unusual and remarkable blazon — Cheeky^ 

argent and gules, a chief champoume gules and or. His arms 

in both shields in the brass had been wilfully defaced as if by 

heralds in the officious exercise of their craft. Hawberk by 

them was evidently not considered entitled to bear arms. 



40 Papers^ Sfc 

HDIDcastle = De la l^ole. 

The fourth husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, 
was Sir John Oldcastle. He was the son of Sir Richard Old- 
castle, a family in Herefordshire, where there is a village so 
named, but it is presumed that Almeby Castle in that county 
which belonged to the Oldcastles gave the surname. The 
name of his mother is not known, but he was born about 1360, 
and Sheriff of Herefordshire, 7 Henry IV (1405-6). He was 
thrice married : his fi^ wife was named Katherine, but of 
what family is not kiio'S^ftf i^fjiis second nothing at all, except 
that she bore him fpur chiH'>^ei^ii:;;,Mai4 Henry, who is alluded 
to in Pat, 7 Henjy VI (142'^);,^^^^]^^ he is styled ''Henry 
Oldcastle, son aJdt/r^eir^tpf John L^d Cobham^^ and three 
daughters, Katherine^oa^ ii^idi^^ 

His marriage with the GaS^^^^ .Cobham must have taken 
place before 26th October, 1409, when he was summoned as a 
Baron to Parliament as Lord Oldcastell, by writ directed to 
''Johanni Oldcastell ChTr;' to 22nd March, 1413-4. 

The life of Sir John Oldcastle, so well known as "the 
Lollard Martyr," and " the good Lord Cobham," his conscien- 
tious conviction, dauntless courage, bitter persecution and 
cruel death, is one of the best known and strongly contested 
episodes of English history, and it would be altogether beyond 
the province or limit of this paper, to give anything like an 
outline of it, even of ascertained facts. Suffice it to say, after 
great vicissitudes, he was brought for trial before his clerical 
accusers, before whom he made what has been termed a clear, 
manly, courageous, enlightened defence, but as a matter of 
course was condemned by the Church as a heretic, leaving 
him to the civil power for judgment. Committed to the Tower, 
he from thence contrived to escape into Wales, where he hid 
himself, and for four years remained in comparative safety. 
Unfortunately a rising of the Lollards took place in London, 
under Sir Roger Acton, in St. Giles' Fields, which was sup- 




CLITHEROW, DAUGHTER OF SIR JOHN OLDCASTLE. 



The Brook Family. 41 

pressed by the King's forces. Naturally — although there was 
no proof of such — Sir John Oldcastle's name and influence 
was associated with it : a proclamation and reward of a 
thousand marks was offered for his capture, dead or alive, and 
shortly after at Bromiarth, in Montgomeryshire, four tenants 
of Edward Charletoun, Earl of Powis, discovered and arrested 
him, after some resistance in which he was grievously wounded, 
and, continues Mr. Waller — 

" He was bronsht to London, and prodnoed before the Lords of Parluunent, 
the Duke of Be^ord presiding, when the former judgment for heresy was 
recorded M^ainst him. On his endeavouring to defend himself, the Chief 
Justice told him he could not be allowed to WMte the time of the Lords, and he 
was adjudged 'traitor to God and heretic,' also 'traitor to the King and King- 
dom,' and sentenced to bci^pii^awn through the city of London, as far as the 
' novellea furchea,' in the pdfiii)Mb^ beyond the Bar of tiie Old Temple 

of London, and tiien be hu^gyuhlimMaQg^ On Christnuui day, 1417, tnis 
terrible sentence was earned mw^;j^M^Vf^i4^immense concourse of apjocta- 
tors, at the newly appointed placed e3Eacut& 
in Smithlield, to the fn>nt gate of 8t. Uil^)^. . 
by fields, and distant i^OjpTiiondon. Near 'tiBS.5$i9Brtunate Oldcastle stood old 
Sir Thomas ErpinghaftrV-Vhom 3k is said to IfSre asked to seek peace for lus 
sect, if he arose from the de«i jn ikT^^d»yB.,^We must distrust the monkish 
chronicler, who has words of inM^ib4K||^ jwortunate man in this supreme 
hour, and there is nothing in the auwsD^c^ accounts of Sir John Oldcastle to 
suggest that he was a victmi of fanatical de^sion." 

Apparently the infliction of this dreadful sentence was in- 
tended to have a double significance ; he was first hanged as 
a traitor for his ofience against the civil power, and after- 
ward burnt as a heretic in accordance with his condemnation 
by the ecclesiastical. 

The married life of the Lady of Cobham with Sir John 
Oldcastle was not to be envied, and she could have seen but 
little of him during its term of about five years, for in 1413 he 
became a fugitive in hiding, and it is probable she never saw 
him aflberward in the interval before his death in 1417. She 
apparently had one daughter by him named JoaUj who died 
young. 

A daughter of Sir John Oldcastle, presumably by his second 
wife, married Richard Clitherow, Esq., of Ash, near Sandwich, 
Sheriff of the county of Kent, 4 and 5 Henry IV (1403-4), 
Admiral of the Seas from the Thames westward. They were 
buried in Ash Church, where is their memorial, a large flat 

Vd. XLI V (Third Series, Vol. J VJ, Part IL f 



42 Papers^ Sfc, 

stone under the tower, which originally covered a tomb in the 
chancel. On it is the indent of a fine brass of a man and his 
wife under a double canopy with pinnacles, four shields at the 
top, and of six children at the bottom, the border inscription 
is also gone. Of this once very handsome brass, only the 
upper half of the lady and part of the canopy over her, remains. 

She appears on the right-hand side of her husband, as a 
widow clad in gown with mantle or cloak over, barbe under 
the chin, and cover-chief falling to the shoulders. Weever 
gives this portion of the inscription as remaining in his time : 

" Hie jacet Clitherow Ar: Sf tixor ejus^ filia 

Johannis Oldcastell^ qui ohiit . . ." 

The shields from recorded evidence appear to have been 
charged, 1, Within a bordure engrailed^ three covered cups 
(Clitherow) impaling, a Castle triple^towered {Olvcastl,e) ; 
2, Clitherow alone ; 3, Oldcastle, quartering^ party per pale^ a 
double-headed eagle displayed. And this appears to be the only 
surviving memorial relating to Sir John Oldcastle or his 
family. 

With regard to the arms of Sir John Oldcastle, in an in- 
denture made between him and his wife Johanna of the one 
part, and Sir Thomas Brook on the other (query of the mar- 
riage of Johanna Bray broke and Thomas Brook, elsewhere 
referred to) the seal exhibits Quarterly^ one and four a 
Castle^ two and three Cobham, and was circumscribed with 
" Sigillum Johaiinis Oldcastle^ D^ni de Cobham^ 

His arms are also found in the roof of the cloisters of Can- 
terbury Cathedral, and their blazon is given both as Argent^ a 
Castle triple-towered and embattled sable^ and Argent^ a tower 
triple-towered sable, chained, transversed, the port, or. 



l^atpenDen = De la Pole. 

The fifth and last husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cob- 
ham, was Sir John Harpenden. The circumstance of the 



The Brook Family. 43 

dreadful fate of her preceding husband does not appear to have 
deterred her from again entering the matrimonial state. 

He was " of a good knightly family in Hertfordshire," and 
a Sir John Harpenden — probably his father — ^is mentioned by 
Froissart as being of good service in the wars with France, 
and Seneschal of Bordeaux. 

According to BouteU {Brasses and Slabs^ p. 66) " he married 
three wives, one of whom was a daughter of Sir John Old- 
castle "^-evidently a mistake for " the widow." The date of 
his marriage with the Lady Joan is not recorded, but as she 
was bom about 1377, and Sir John Oldcastle was executed in 
1417, she would have been still comparatively young, and 
lived sixteen years afterward, dying in 1433, and Sir John 
Harpenden survived her twenty-four years, and died in 1458. 
There was no issue of this marriage. 

Morant, in his History of Essex^ speaks of Sir John Har- 
penden holding the manor of Chrishall-Bury in that county, 
the inheritance that descended to his wife as the only daughter 
of John de la Pole, and by fine passed it to Thomas Brook 
(the younger, husband of his step-daughter Joan Braybroke) 
and that his descendant, George Brook, Lord Cobham, and 
Ann (Bray), his wife, alienated it by license, 21st October, 
1544, to Thomas Crawley, the manor consisting of near a 
thousand acres of land, twenty messuages, and twenty cottages. 

Sir John Harpenden was never summoned to Parliament, 
and does not appear to have been recognised as Lord of 
Cobham. 

Similar to her first husband Sir Robert Hemendale, Sir 
John Harpenden was buried in Westminster Abbey. His 
monument is in the north choir aisle, and consists of a grey 
marble stone on a low tomb whereon is inlet his brass efl&gy, 
habited in complete plate armour : his feet rest on a lion, his 
head on a helmet with crest — out of a ducal conmet^ a hind's 
headj couped at the shoulders. There are four shields — 1, on a 
mullet^ or estoile of six points^ a roundel^ thereon a martlet 



44 Papers, ifc. 

(Harpenden), impalmgy quarterly, one and four, Mortimer, 
two and three, a plain cross (St. George) ; 2, Harpenden, 
impaling, on a chevron, three mullets or estoiles wavy ; 3, Har- 
penden impaling Cobham ; 4, Harpenden alone. The ledger 
inscription has disappeared. 

The tinctures of the Harpenden arms are given as Argent, 
on a mullet of six points yules, a bezant, chary ed with a martlet 
sable ; other branches of the family in Gloucestershire and 
Oxfordshire, bore the mvlU?t\sa^e^^ 

The armour and a^pdikj^EBentji :bd^ knight are almost 
identical with those found on the bra^ft/, ^f Thomas Chedder, 
ob. 1442-3, in Cheddar Cbwch. 



OF BRISTOL AND CHEDDAR, AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

The autient Somersetshire family of Cheddre, or de Cheddre, 
it may be fairly surmised, acquired their name from the parish 
so-called in the centre of that county, although the earliest 
recorded mention X)f them comes from the city of Bristol, 
where it may be inferred they migrated, and after fortune had 
favoured them to become opulent and influential citizens, again 
returned to the original home of their race. 

The first of these was John de Cheddre, who was Steward of 
Bristol, 1288-9, and 1291-2, and subsequently M.P. for that 
city in 1298, being the second parliamentary representative of 
Bristol, whose name has been preserved. To him succeeded a 
John de Cheddre, who, in 1334, conveyed some property in 
Redcliffe Street, and was probably M.P. for Bristol in 1369. 

To these followed two brothers, Robert and William Chedder. 

William Chedder, the younger brother, died without issue. 
His will is dated 21st November, 1382, and was proved 27th 
February, 1382-3, wherein he desires to be buried in the 
Chapel of the Blessed Mary, in Cheddar Church, leaves 




THOMAS CHEDDKR. 

CHEDDA.R CUUKCIl, bOMKESBT. 




ISABEL SCOBAUULL, WIFE OF THOMAS CUEDDER. 

CHRDDAR CUUECH. 






K^. 



.x.t^.^'ii^ 



The Brook Family. 45 

sundry legacies to that fabric and religious houses, and dona- 
tions to the needy poor of Cheddar and Axbridge. The 
residue of his goods he leaves to Agnes^ his wife, and appoints 
his brother Robert one of his executors. 

Robert Chedder was Bailiff of Bristol in 1351-2, Mayor in 
1360-1, and is the first of the family recorded in existing 
documents as holding possessions in Cheddar. In 1362, therein 
described as of Bristol, and executor of William Hussee, he 
gave a bond to Ralph (de Salapia)| Bishop of Bath and Wells, 
for **two hundred pounds l^it/'- to. J^jfee. church by the said 
William." Soon after this a chap t^i;y -was;, established in 
Cheddar Church, of the a^nn^al value of ten nTar^cs, on behalf 
of our present King Edw'dNl^i^a^'thf. benefit of .'U^ soul after 
death. This was the " Chauntn§^«f Oure Ladjf," and situate 
on the north side of the chancel, the des'%Mmts of Chedder 
retaining the patronage of the advowson. '' 

Robert Chedder married Johanna^ younger daughter of 
Simon Hannap^ or Hanham^ of Gloucestershire, and by her had 
four sons who all appear to have been born in Bristol — Richard^ 
on 9th September, 1379, one of the knights of the Shire for 
the county, 1407, 1413, 1417, 1421, and 1426 : Robert^ 28th 
October, 1380, and living in 1425 : William^ 14th December, 
1381 : and Thomas^ their only surviving son and heir : the 
other brothers appear to have died without issue. 

He survived his brother William one year only, his will is 
dated 21st March, 1382-3, and proved 30th June, 1384. He 
desires his body to be buried in the Chapel of St. Mary, de 
novo fundata^ gives sundry religious legacies, and to his son 
Richard " tj Ciphos vocaf Bolles de argento^^ and other plate, 
to William Draper, clerk, a third best cup, which was then at 
Cheddar, and the residue of his goods to Joan his wife, who, 
with William Draper, and William Bierden, were to be his 
executors. 

Robert Chedder and Joan his wife, appear to have been the 
possessors of considerable property, including the manors of 



46 Papers^ Sfc, 

Iddesleigh and Ashreigny, in Devon, together with the advow- 
son of Ashreigny, in 1383-8, then held by the venerable Sir 
John de Sully, K.G., whose heir, the said Robert probably 
was. Sir Thomas Broke presented to Iddesleigh, in 1425-6, 
and Isabel, relict of Thomas Chedder, Esq., in 1474. 

Johanna Chedder, widow of Robert Chedder, married 
secondly as we have seen, Sir Thomas Brook, of Olditch, and 
died 10th April, 1437. 

Thomas Chedder^ heir to his father Robert Chedder, married 
Isabel ScobahulL She was of an antient and important family, 
who owned and had their residence on a manor so-named in 
South-Pool, a parish abutting on the mouth of the Kings- 
bridge estuary, immediately opposite Salcombe, in South 
Devon. It is now a farm known as Scoble, and tradition 
states the present farm-house occupies the site of the former 
manor-house. The Scobahulls held it for about two centuries, 
from temp. Henry III to Henry V. 

Thomas de Scobahull was Sheriff of Devon, 19, 20, and 21 
Edward I (1291-2-3). Thomas Scobahull married Margery, 
sister and coheir of Robert Coffin, of Coffinswell. Thomas 
had issue Sir Robert, of Coffinswell (19 Edw. II, 1324), who 
had issue Sir Thomas (7 Edw. Ill, 1334), who married Edith, 
daughter of Sir Roger Prideaux, of Orcherton, Knt. {^55 Henry 
III, 1273), by his wife Joan, daughter of Sir William Bigbury 
(4 Edw. II, 131 1 ). Thomas had issue Robert, which, by Elinor 
, left four daughters, coheiresses — Joan, wife of Wil- 
liam Holbeame; Isabel, wife of Thomas Chedder; Elizabeth, 
wife of Robert Kirkham ; and a daughter — ^the second — ^married 
to Nicholas Speccot, who inherited the manor of Scobahull. 

Of the residences of the Chedders, in Cheddar, Rutter 
(edition 1829) thus notices their remains : 

" At the entrance of the village from Axbridge ia a farm houae which formed 
part of the manor house of John de Cheddar. The surrounding wall has been 
castellated, but the only part of the building remaining toleraUy entire is the 
Hall, now used as a stable and granary, the ornamented chimney-turret, to- 
gether with fraflments of arches and mmlions of windows, are lying about in a 
contiguous garoton. 



The Brook Family. 47 



In a field a little on the north-east of the road leading to Wells, about a 
quarter of a mile from Cheddar, stood the mansion of Thomas Cheddar, where 
the foundations may be easily traced." 

Thomas Cheddar died 1442-3 {Inq. p. mortem^ 21 Henry 
VI), holding eighty-four messuages in Bristol, the manor of 
Cheddar, and several others in Somerset. Also estates in 
Gloucestershire, Dorset, Devon, and Cornwall. He left two 
daughters, his coheiresses, Joan and Isabel — his widow, Isabel, 
survived him more than thirty years.* 

On the table of a high tomb, under an elegant floriated 
canopy, on the north side of the chancel of Cheddar Church, 
is the presumed brass ^^gy of Thomas Chedder, ob. 1442-3. 
He is in the complete plate armour of the period, whose ap- 
pointments exactly correspond with those of Sir John Har- 
penden, ob. 1458 (the fifth husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady 
of Cobham), in Westminster Abbey. His feet rest on a lion, 
the four shields and border inscription are gone. 

The brass effigy of Isabel Scobahull, his wife, is in the pave- 
ment immediately in front of her presumed husband's tomb. 
She is attired as a widow, with barbe {under the chin^ shewing 
she was not of noble parentage or position), large cover-chief 
that depends to the shoulders, gown with cloak over, fastened 
across the breast with cordon and tassels. No inscription 
remains, and three of the four shields are gone, but the re- 
maining one is, fortunately, preserved in its proper position at 
the sinister corner of the stone, and identifies the lady. It is 
charged with Chedder, impaling. Argent^ three fleurs-de^lys 
ffules^ in chief a label oj three azure (Scobahull). The arms 
of Scobahull are also found among the old painted glass col- 
lected in the south transept window, both with and without 
the labeL She was alive in 1474. 

The history of the descent from the two daughters of 

Thomas Chedder is interesting, as connected with the county 

of Somerset. 

* For many of these particulars the compiler is indebted to the paper on the 
Family of Chedder, by Mr. W. George, in the Som. Arch, and Nat. Hist. 
Society's Proceedings, voL xzxiv, p. 114. 



48 Papers^ Sfc. 

Cal&ot = CtieDDet* 

VISCOUNTS l'iSLE. 

Joan Chedder, the eldest — called after her grandmother, 
Lady Brook — was a widow at the date of her father's death, 
having married as her first husband, Richard Stafford. She 
secondly made a distinguished match with John Talbot, the 
eldest son of John Talbot, the " great " Earl of Shrewsbury, 
by his second wife, Margaret Beauchamp. It will be necessary 
to trace the descent of this Countess, to account for the 
disastrous circumstances 'th,at resulted in the premature death 
of her grandson. ' *. , -; ., 

Thomas, fifth Lord Berkl^^ finarried Margaret, daughter 
and heiress of G^Bra^d^,Warren, sebond Lord L'Isle — ob. 1381 
— by Alice his wif^Ai^jMit^ ^d heir of Henry Lord Tyes, 
" the marriage being solemif^B^ at Wengrave, in Bucks, the 
said Lord L'Isle's house." She died at Wotton-under-Edge, 
20th March, 1392, ^'and lieth buried in the church there, 
under a fair tomb." He made his will in 1415, and died I3th 
July, 1416, and was buried beside his wife. 

They left one daughter, Elizabeth, then about thirty years 
of age, married to Richard Beauchamp, fifth Earl of Warwick, 
who died at Rouen, 5th April, 1439 (whose fine effigy is in 
St. Mary's Church, Warwick) leaving with other issue, his 
eldest daughter Margaret, who became the second wife of 
John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, and mother of John Talbot, 
Viscount L'Isle, who married Johanna Chedder. The Coun- 
tess died 14th June, 1468, and was buried in the Jesus Chapel 
in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, '^ where was this inscription 
to her memory upon a pillar within it." 

'* jETere btfore the image of Jeaus^ lyeth the right worshipful and noble Lady 
Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury, late w\fe of the true and victorious Knighi^ 
John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Which worshipful man died at Ouienfor the 
right of this land. 

She VXM the first daughter and one of the heirs of the right famous and 
renowned Knight, Richard Beauchamp, late Earl of Warwick (which died at 
Roan) and of Daine Elizabeth his wife, the which Elizabeth vxu daughter and 
heir to Thomas, late Lord Berkley, on his side ; and on her mother*s side Lady 
UlsU and Tyes. 







V 



MONUMENT OP JOAN CHEDDER, VISCOUNTESS LISLE. 



WKLLS CATHEDRAL. 




RoKOe Qibbt del. 



Sm JOHN NEWTON AND ISABEL CHEDDER, HIS WIFE. 

TATTON CHURCH. 80MRRSKT. 



The Brook Family. 49 

Which CounteM passed from this world the fourteenth day ofJune^ in the year 
of our Lord, 146S, On whose soul, Jemu have merey. Amen." 

John Talbot, her eldest son, second husband of Johanna 
Chedder, was created Baron L'Isle, of Bangston L'Isle, a 
manor and hamlet in the parish of Sparsholt, Berks, an antient 
inheritance of the L'Isles, then possessed by him, 26th July, 
1443, sibi hiBredibus et assiffnatis^ and afterward, 30th October, 
1452, Viscount L'Isle, sibi et h^eredibus masculis de corpore sua. 

He was engaged with his father in the war with France, 

and we learn that — 

* ' The year next ensninfl, his father being then constitnted Lieutenant of the 
Dachy of Acqoitane, and ne one of the Captains there under him, he was by 
indenture retained to serve the King there tor one quarter of a year, with two 
Bannerets, four Knights, seventy -three Men-at-Arms, on horseback, and eight 
hundred Archers on foot, receiving for hims^^3Btt shillings per diem, for his 
two Bannerets four shillings apiece, for his sm6^£^hts two shillings, for the 
Men-at-Arms twelve pence, and for the Ard^rA ii^pelJoe^pieoe. " 

And there with his father, the JEarl, he Ayfj<» ^"^Si^^ ^ ^^®» 
under circumstances similar to'Jihe. unfortunitf^^'jHonvilles, 
although not engaged in internecine ^inSf^f (thfit fa|^' was re- 
served for his son), but sustaining the fame of jgpg^sh valour 
in a neighbour's territory, for he was slain withThfis father at 
Chastillon, July, 1453. "The Earl of Shrewsbury," Dugdale 
narrates — 

" Hearing that the French had besieged Chastillon he advanced thither and 
ffave them lutttle, but the event of that day's work (though for a while it stood 
doubtful) at length proved fatal to the English, for this renowned General 
being smitten from his horse by a cannon bullet there ended his life, whereupon 
lus whole army became presently routed." 

And as to his son John Talbot's death, Bapin thus notices 

it— 

'*The English overpowered by numbers began to give ground. The Earl of 
Shrewsbury was wounded in the thigh by a musket baU, and had his horse 
killed under Jiim. In this condition not being able by reason of lus wound to 
remount, he bid Sir John Talbot, his son, to retire, and save himself for another 
occasion, where he might be still serviceable to his country. But Talbot rather 
than basely fly, chose to die by the Earl, his father, who also presently after 
resigned his breath." 

Dugdale thus gives the Earl's epitaph as occuring at Whit- 
church, in Salop, to which church his body was conveyed and 
buried, and where his eiEgy is still found, but with no inscrip- 
tion remaining — 

Vol. XLI V (Third Series, Vol, I V), Part IL g 



50 Papersj ^c. 

**OraU pro eu/Uma prmtobilU daminit domini Johanms Talbc^ qutmdam 
Comitis ScUopce, domini FumivaU^ domini Verdon, domini Strange de Blaekmere^ 
et Mareschaili FrancicB. qui obiit in hello apud Burdetps, vijJuUi, MCCCCLII/.*' 

It is not recorded whether the body of his son was also 
brought to England for burial. 

Johanna Chedder, the Viscount's widow, survived him just 
eleven years, dying 15th July, 1464, and was buried in Wells 
Cathedral. 

The monument assigned to her is in the south transept. It 
is very handsome, and consists of a low tomb, under a high 
ogee canopy, originally richly painted and gilded, but is now 
greatly tarnished and injured, and was almost concealed from 
view, until early in the present century, by being plastered up, 
which obstruction was then removed. The inscription is on a 
square brass plate at the back of the canopy, and has the ap- 
pearance of being of later date than the monument, although 
Leland saw and copied it within a century of the date of her 
death. It contains the following : 

" Hicjacet Joanna Vicecomitissa de Lisle una JUiarum et hcsre^ 
dum Thomm Chedder armiger qu<B fuit uxor Joannis Vice^ 
comitis de Lisle Jilii et haredis Joannis Comitis SalopuB et 
Margaret(B xlc ejus unius Jiliarum et hcRredum Ricardi 
Comitis fVarwici et JElizabethcB uxoris ejus Jilia et haredis 
Thom<B de Berkeley militis domini de Berkeley^ qu<B obiit 
XVmo die mensis Julii Ami' Ui MCCCCLXUir 
Apparently there was a high tomb beneath the canopy of 
this monument, which has been removed. This is evidenced 
by the niches at the back, now devoid of sculpture, which 
terminate at about the height where the table of the tomb 
would meet them. The lettering on the brass plate is of com- 
paratively modem form, and the inscription preserved from 
Leland's description, who copied it from the original tomb, 
then in existence, and which was afterward probably destroyed 
when the monument was mutilated and plastered up. 

There were three children, Thomas^ son and heir, and two 
daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. 



The Brook Family. 51 

Thomas Talbot, son of John Talbot and Johanna Chedder, 
seeond Viscount, at his father's death was committed to the 
tuition of his grandmother, Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury, 
twenty marks per annum being allowed for his maintenance 
during his minority. At her death she left him the manors of 
Wotton and Simondsall, with the borough of Wotton, and 
much other property. He was then nineteen years of age 
and married. His wife was Margaret, daughter of William 
Herbert, first Earl of Pembroke, the unfortunate commander 
of the Yorkists, executed at Northampton by the Lancastrians 
after the battle of Danesmore, in 1469, where he was defeated 
owing to the defection of Humphrey Stafford (of Suthwyke), 
Earl of Devon, who deserted him immediately before the 
engagement with his contingent of archers, and for which 
act of treachery, Stafford was beheaded at Bridgwater soon 
after, and his body buried in Glastonbury Abbey Church, 
under the central tower. 

This unfortunate young man, like his father and grand- 
father before him, was fated to meet his death in sanguinary 
conflict — not fighting the adversaries of his native country 
abroad, but in a deadly family broil at home. 

The origin of the feud appears to have arisen over the 
question (which has been diligently investigated by historians 
of the peerage, and apparently never satisfactorily settled) as 
to whether the Barony of Berkley, created by writ of summons 
23 Edw. I (1295), descended as such, or otherwise whether 
the tenure of the Castle of Berkley conferred the Barony, on 
which, William Lord Berkley, then in possession of it, founded 
his claim and assumed the title. 

The young Viscount L'Isle was the lineal descendant of his 
great great-grandmother, Elizabeth, only daughter of Thomas, 
fifth Lord Berkley, and the controversy was, whether it de- 
volved on the said Elizabeth, instead of the heir male, an 
intricate question : but James Berkley, nephew of the above 
Thomas, '* inherited by special entail and fine the Castle of 



52 Papers^ Sfc 

Berkley, etc., and was summoned to Parliament from 1421 to 

1461," while the last of his three wives was Joan Talbot, 

daughter of John, Earl of Shrewsbury, by his second wife, 

and so aunt to the young Viscount, still further complicating 

matters. William Lord Berkley was the eldest son and heir 

of James by his second marriage. 

Dugdale gives this description of the conflict — 

**Bat it was not long after (the death of his grandmother) ere this yoong 
Viscount L'Isle arrived at his full aoe, and thirstine after the Castle of Berkley, 
practised with one Thomas Holt, tne Keeper of Whitby Park, and one Manrioe 
King, Porter of the (Berkley) Castle, to betray it into his hands ; one Robert 
Veef (the Viscount's Ennneer) being likewise an active person in that design, 
giving bond to Maurice Kin^ in the sum of an hundred pounds that so soon as 
the work should be accompUshed he should be make Keeper of Wotton Park, 
with the fee of five marks per annum during his life." 

Then appeared the inevitable traitor — 

'*But this plot being discovered by Maurice King, so much perplexed the 
Viscount L'Isle, that he forthwith sent this Lord Berkley a challenge requiring 
him of " Knighthood and manhood to appoint a day^ and meet him haif-way, to 
try their quarrel and title, to eschew the shedding cf Christian bloody or to bring 
the same day the utmost of hif power. " This letter of challenge under the hand 
of that Viscount was sent 19th March, 10 Edw. IV (1471), he being then not 
fully twentv-two years of aee, having sued out his livery upon the fourteenth 
of tfune before, and his \nte then with child of her first-born. Unto which 
Lord Berkley returned this answer in writing : * iliai he wouid not bring the 
tenth man he could make, and bid him to meet on the morrow at Nybley Oreen, 
by eight or nine of the dock, which standeth on the borders of the Liveiode that 
thou keepest untruly from me/ 

Whereupon they accordingly met and the Viscount's vizor being up, he was 
slain by an arrow shot through his head." 

A striking picture of the barbarity and lawlessness of the 
age, this wager of battle, literally fighting it out to the death, 
rather than having recourse to the peaceful, if more prosaic, 
process of law, and followed by the usual seizure and confis- 
cation of the personal property and landed possessions of the 
vanquished. 

"After which (the very same day) the Lord Berkley advanced to Wotton, 
and rifling the house, took thence many writings and evidences of the said 
Viscount's own lands, with a suit of arras hangings, wherein his arms, and the 
arms of Lady Joan, his mother (daughter and coheir of Thomas Chedder), were 
wrought, and brought them to Berkley Castle. 

To this skirmish came divers from Bristol, Thombury, the Forest of Deane, 
and other places, to the number of about a thousand, which exceeded what the 
Viscount brought. 

But the business did not so end, for the widow of the Viscount L'lale 
brought her appeal against this William Lord Berkley, and against Maurioe 
and Thomas his two orethren, for thus killing her husband« with an arrow 
through his head, and a dagger in his left side. 



The Brook Family. 53 

The exact cause of the Viscount's death is said to have 
been by an arrow shot through his mouth. The appeal of his 
widow appears to have been unsuccessful, for the recovery of 
the property, it being decided that Lord Berkley should enjoy 
the manor of Wotton-under-Edge, etc., paying to the said 
Viscountess Margaret, a hundred pounds a year out of the 
same. 

This William Lord Berkley was a great favourite of Edward 
IV, who created him successively, Viscount Berkley, Earl of 
Nottingham, Earl Marshall of England, and Marquis of 
Berkley. He died in 1491-2, leaving no surviving issue, and 
disinherited his brother Maurice for marrying lowly, leaving 
the Castle of Berkley to King Henry VII, and it remained 
with the Crown until the decease of Edward VI, the last 
male descendant of Henry VII, when it returned to the 
Berkleys. 

The controversy over the disputed property was again re- 
vived by Sir Edward Grey, who married Elizabeth, the un- 
fortunate Viscount's sister, but the Berkleys finally retained 
possession of it, on payment of a comparatively small annuity. 

The widowed Viscountess is said by Burke to have after- 

ward married Sir Henry Bodrugan, of Bodrugan (Castle), in 

St. Gorran, Cornwall. If so, it must have been the Sir 

Henry Bodrugan (otherwise Trenowth) " an opulent knight," 

and large landed proprietor in Cornwall, a zealous Yorkist, of 

whom Lysons relates that — 

** He was attainted on 1485, on the acoeesion of Henry VII, fled to Ireland, 
and his larger estates, inclndinff the Manor and Barton, were siezed by the 
Orown. Tradition relates, that he was in arras in Cornwall, against the Earl 
of Richmond, that he was defeated on a moor not far from his own castle by 
Sir Richard Edgcumbe and Trevanion, and that he made his escape by a 
desperate leap from the cli£f into the sea, where a boat was ready to receive 
him." 

The victors of course received the usual spoil, the defeated 

man's possessions, which cost the generous monarch for whom 

they fought, nothing. 

*'Most of Bodrngan's estates, including this manor, were granted to Sir 
Richard Edgoambe. Borlase describes the remains of the castle as very ex- 



54 Papers^ tfn. 

tensive, that there was nothfaig in CSomwall equal to it for magnificence. 
There was chapel converted into a bam, the large hall, and an antient kitchen 
with timber roof, the architecture about the time of Eklward 1. All these 
buildings were puUed down about 1786. A great bam still remaina." 

Elizabeth, second daughter of John Talbot, Viscount L'Isle 
and Jofin Chedder, married Sir Edward Grey, brother to Sir 
John Grey, second Lord Grey of Groby. By this aUianoe 
she became sister-in-law to Elizabeth Widville, afterward 
Queen to King Edward IV, and aunt to Cicely Bonville, the 
great heiress of Shute, a few miles distant from Olditoh. 

On the death of her brother Thomas, Viscount L'Isle, 
without issue, she became with her sister Margraret his co- 
heiresses, and in them also the barony of L'Isle remained in 
abeyance. 

Margaret married Sir George Vere, knt., and died without 
issue, in 1471. After her death the title was revived in Sir 
Edward Grey, the husband of Elizabeth, and he was created 
by Edward IV, in 1475, Baron L'Isle, and 28th June, 1483, 
Viscount L'Isle, 

There were four children : John, Ann married to John 
Willoughby, Muriel, and Elizabeth. 

Muriel married first Edward Stafford, second Earl of Wilt- 
shire, grandson of Humphrey, first Duke of Buckinghaui. 
He died without issue, 24th March, 1499, when the earldom 
became extinct. His fine tomb and eflSigy are in Lowick 
Church, Northamptonshire. Secondly, she married his first 
cousin, Henry Stafford, younger son of Henry, second Duke 
of Buckingham, and in him Henry VIII, in 1509, revived the 
title of Earl of Wiltshire. There was no issue by this mar- 
riage, her husband survived her, and married secondly as her 
second husband. Cicely Bonville of Shute, widow of the 
Marquis of Dorset. He died in 1523. 

John Grey, her son, second Viscount L'Isle of that creation, 
married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Howard, Duke of 
Norfolk. 

He died in 1512, leaving an only daughter Elizabeth. She 



The Brook Family. 55 

was contracted in marriage with Charles Brandon, afterward 
Duke of Suffolk, and he was in consequence on 5th March, 
5 Henry VIII (1514), created Viscount L'Isle, but when she 
became of age, she refused to have him, and the patent was 
cancelled. She soon afterwards married Henry Courtenay, 
the unfortunate Marquis of Exeter (of Colcombe), as his first 
wife, but died without issue before 1526, leaving her aunt, 
Elizabeth Grey, her father's surviving sister as her heir. 
The Marquis married secondly Gertrude, daughter of William 
Blount, fourth Lord Montjoy, ob. 1535, to whose grandson 
Charles Blount, eighth Lord Montjoy, K.G., created Earl of 
Devon, James I subsequently gave Olditch and Weycrofb, 
after the attainder of Henry, the last ill-fated Lord Cobham. 
The wardship of Elizabeth, the surviving daughter of the 
before-named Sir Edward Grey, had been obtained by Ed- 
mund Dudley, the rapacious minister of Henry VIII, and he 
subsequently married her, but was attainted and beheaded by 
Henry VIII on Tower Hill, 28th August, 1511. There 
were four children, John, Andrew, and Jerome, and a daughter 
^Elizabeth, married to William, sixth Lord Stourton. 

John, their eldest son, only eight years old at his father's 
death, was restored '^in name, blood, and degree," and in- 
herited all his father's property ; but his life was a troublesome 
one, notwithstanding his honours and ambition, and ended at 
last like his father's, on the scaffold. In him the Viscounty 
of L'Isle was again revived, the antient dignity of his mother's 
family, on 12th March, 1542, the year following the death 
mthout male issue of his step-father, Arthiu* Plantagenet, 
who had been so created. He became the well-known Duke 
of Northumberland, who together with his son. Lord Guilford, 
and his wife, the unfortunate Lady Jane Grey, all perished 
successively at the headsman's block. 

A further and distinguished alliance awaited Elizabeth Grey, 
the widow of Edmund Dudley, and grand-daughter of Johanna 
Chedder. She married secondly Arthur Plantagenet, natural 



56 Papers^ 8fc, 

son of King Edward IV, by the Lady Elizabeth Lucy. He 
was installed Knight of the Garter, and created on 26th April, 
1533, on surrender of that dignity by Charles Brandon, Vis- 
count L'Isle. 

In Risdon's Note Book, it is stated that " he was knighted 
at Turney," and is included among the Devonshire peers as 
"Arthur Plantaginet, Viscont Lisley, of Umberley," in Devon, 
with the arms — Quarterly, first and fourth, England quar- 
tering France, second and third ; or, a cross gules^ over all a 
bendlet sinister sable. . * . 

His death, although; hap)3etiihg|>inan indirect manner, must 
include him among the viciilTa[$. thit'fplbrished in the blood- 
stained reign of H4ni^^ VIII. • '*' / 

''In 1533, he was LieulBlA«ii^.«£ -(Sam^ ^^§^ Bometime after incarring sob- 
picion of being privy to a plot Kf«Qttr^ ihe^garrison to the French, he was 
recalled and committed to the Tower f iboi ^is innocence appearin£[ manifest 
upon investigation, the King not only gave' immediate orders for his release, 
but sent him a diamond ring, and a most gracious message, which made such 
an impression on the sensitive nobleman that he died the night following, 3rd 
March, 1541, of excessive joy.'' 

Three daughters and co-heirs only, were the issue of this 
marriage, Bridget, Frances, and EUzabeth. Bridget married 
Sir WiUiam Garden ; Elizabeth, Sir Thomas Jobson ; Frances, 
the second daughter, by both her marriages found her home 
in Devon. 

Her first husband was John Basset, of Umberleigh, in 
North Devon. He was the eldest son and heir of Sir John 
Basset, Knt., of Umberleigh, Sheriflf of Devon, 1524-5, died 
31st January, 1539, by his first wife Honor, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Grenville, Knt., ob. 17th March, 1513, whose tomb 
and eflSgy are in Bideford Church. The brass of himself, his 
wives, and their twelve children is in Atherington Church ; 
he is bare-headed, but otherwise in full armour ; his wives, 
Honor Grenville, and Ann, daughter of John Dennys, of 
Orleigh, in pedimental head-dresses, gowns with full sleeves 
guarded with fur, and girdles with dependant chains and 




^' 



[wwwijjLm 




mw 



m 




'2'»a*e<iffiw^ 





JOHN BA88ETT AND HIS WIVES. 

ATHKKINOTOII OHUftOH, DBVOlf. 



The Brook Family. 57 

pomander balls. The arms are Basset quartering Willington 
and Beaumont, impaling Grenville and Dennjs/ 

John Basset, the first husband of Frances Plantagenet, was 
Sheriff of Cornwall, 1518 and 1523, and died 20th April, 
1541. There were two children, a son described on an ad- 
joining tomb as ^^the Worshipful and Worthy Sir Arthur^'' 
perished of gaol fever after the Black Assizes at Exeter, in 
1586, and a daughter married to William Whiddon. 

Secondly, she married Thomas Monke, of Potheridge in 
Merton, North Devon (as his first wife), ob. 1583, by whom 
she had three sons and three daughters. By her eldest son 
she was great-grandmother of George Monke, the ^' Restora- 
tion *' Duke of Albemarle. 

Thus through this long and intricate genealogy are inter- 
esting local associations constantly interwoven, and the strain 
of Chedder perpetuated. 



OF YATTON AND EAST HARPTREE. 

The descent from Isabel, second daughter of Thomas Chedder 
and Isabel ScobahuU, and grand-daughter of Lady Johanna 
Brook, of Olditch, by her first husband Robert C'hedder, 
although not so distinguished as her elder sister, is neverthe- 
less most interesting in connection with our little history. 

Presumably — for there is some obscurity in the early pub- 
lished pedigrees of Newton — it was Frances Newton, a de- 
scendant of Thomas Newton, brother to Sir tlohn Newton, 
the husband of Isabel Chedder, who was destined to become 
the second wife of William Brook, K.G., fifth Baron of 

* It may be noted here that the series of brasses illostrating this accoant 
have all been engraved from robbings specially taken and completed by the 
aathor and are fac-similes ; as also Sie views of Olditch and Wevcroft from 
photc^aphs taken by him ; and for three of the other illustrations that bear his 
initiab, to the kindness of Mr. Roscoe Oibbs, from his original drawings. 

Vol. XLl V (Third Series, Vol, I V), Part II, h 



58 Papers^ Sfc, 

Cobham, and mother with seven other children of Henry 
Brook, K.G., the sixth and last unfortunate Baron of that 
descent, so cruelly used by James I, as also of his brother, 
George Brook, who perished on the scaffold at Winchester, 
5th December, 1603, for alleged participation in what was 
termed " Baleigh's conspiracy." 

Isabel Chedder married Sir John Newton, who was the 
eldest son of Sir Richard Newton, Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas, by Emma, daughter of Sir John Perrot, of 
Islington. 

The Judge and his wife are buried in the Court-de-Wyck 
Chapel, or north transept of Yatton Church, under a high 
tomb, whereon are their effigies in alabaster, originally painted 
and gilded, and displaying fine examples of the legal and 
social costume of the age. The Judge wears a long red robe 
with tippet and hood, collar of S.S., a narrow jewelled belt 
from which depends a short sword, and scrip or purse, on his 
head a coif, pulled down over the ears and tied under the chin, 
a fringe of hair shewing over the forehead. There is great 
expression in the features indicating a powerful mind, and is 
probably a portrait. His head rests on a helmet with crest of 
Newton (or Cradoc), a wheat sheaf issua.nt from a ducal coronet^ 
both gilded. Several rings are on his fingers, and one on the 
thumb of the right hand. At his feet two dogs. The lady 
in rich robes and a profusion of massive jewellery, with rosary, 
at her feet a dog with collar and bells. 

There is no inscription, underneath are angels bearing shields, 
the bearings denuded, but they appear to have been Newton, 
Or^ on a chevron azure ^ three garbs oj the firsts and Newton 
quartering Perrot, Gules, three pears pendant or^ and those of 
his ancestor, Nicholas Sherborne, Ermine^ four fusils in frss 
sable. He was admitted Sergeant-at-law, 1424 ; Judge on 
Circuit, 1426; Recorder of Bristol, 1430; Justice of the 
Common Pleas, 8th November, 1438, and died soon after. 
He appears to have left two sons, John and Thomas. 



The Brook Family. 59 

Sir John Newton, the eldest, in right of his wife, appears 
to have been of Court-de-Wyck, in Yatton, a manor originally 
belonging to the de Wycks, or Wykes, fipm them to the de 
Oyeues, and from them to the Chedders, and to have built or 
rebuilt the mansion there, on which were his arms, with those 
of his wife, and also of Norris. From the similarity of the 
details of the portions preserved of Court-de-Wyck, now at 
Clevedon Court, which are given as the frontispiece of Rutter's 
Somerset^ and those found on Yatton Church, together with 
apparently the arms of Sherborne impaling Chedder on the 
fine south porch, it is probable they were considerably inter- 
ested in the rebuilding of that edifice, in addition to the con- 
struction of the " New Chapel " of St. John, east of the north 
transept in which they were interred. 

According to the Visitations^ 1531-73, they appear to have 
had one son Richard^ ob. 1501, who married Elizabeth St. 
John, and they had issue two daughters, Isabel^ who married 
Sir Giles Capel (buried at Abbots-Roothing in Essex, 1613), 
and Joan to Sir Thomas GriflSn, of Braybrook, to whom 
Court-de-Wyck ultimately descended. 

« Hia will was proved 20th April, 1487 ; for his buriftl in Yatton Church, 
£6 88. 8d., this go<Kl man also directed twenty shillings to be paid to his tailor 
in Bristol, and the document ends thus— */n witness of Hds my effectual and 
tutat wiUf I have hereto put my aeale in this church qfour Lady of Yatton.' 

His widow, Isabel, died in 1498, she made her will, 14th March, 1498-9, 
and ordered her executors, * to find a well disposed priest to sing for my soul 
within the Church of Tatton, and the new Chagxl of St. John, during the space 
of five years.' She also bequeathed six shillings and eisht pence in money, */or 
the poor prisoners of Newgale in the town of Bristowe. ' *" (8om. Arch, and Nat. 
History Sodetsr's Proceedings, toI. xxvii). 

They were both buried under a splendid tomb in this new 
Chapel or Chantry of St. John the Evangelist, which is 
situate in the angle between the north transept and the 
chancel, it is on the north side, or Founders place, of the 
Chantry altar, and consists of a fine canopy flanked by but- 
tresses richly pinnacled, and with niches. Across the top a 
string-course studded with square four-leaved ornament, and 
above a trefoil pierced cresting. Below are ten large niches 
with rich canopies, in one the lower portion of the figure 



60 Papers^ Sfc, 

remains. These are succeeded by another string-course with 
four-leaved ornament, below wliich a pierced and cusped 
canopy of open work enriched with leaf-work and bosses. 

At the back of the canopy over the effigies is a remarkable 
sculpture of the Annunciation. The Virgin crowned, sits on 
a cushion before a lily, rising from a vessel with a handle, and 
above the lily flowers, from clouds, issues a beam of light 
ending in a dove streaming toward the Virgin, and behind 
her is a book-stand with a book on it. She has her hands 
raised and extended, as if surprised at her devotions by the 
angel on the other- side of the lily, who, advancing towards 
her, holds a long scrqll (efill^^m^tic of the angelic salutation) 
which surrounds the stem dfuK€f;'fily; and floats back over the 
head of the angel, who wears V^fta'p with a band round the 
brow studded wM»!^^08e^/dJ)dwin frc^t rises a Maltese cross. 
^ The knight is bare-nisftded^ but otherwise in complete plate 
armour, he wears the collar of S.S., and his head rests on a 
helmet with the crest of Newton. The lady wears a pyramidal 
head-dress with flowing front lappets, and has a band or 
collar of rich jewellery round the* neck. 

Thomas Newton, second son of the Judge was of East 
Harptree. The manor of East Harptree belonged to a family 
of that name, the last of whom William Harptree had a 
daughter and heiress Ellen, who married Robert Gourney, the 
son of Sir Anselm Gourney, whose descendants " lived at the 
noble Richmonte Castle at Harptree, now in ruins." His 
great-grandson. Sir Thomas Gourney, was the father of the 
redoubtable Sir Matthew (of Stoke-sub-Hamdon) and three 
other sons, who all died without issue, and a daughter Joan, 
married to Philip Caldicott, whose daughter Alice, married 
Philip, the son of Richard Hampton and Elizabeth Bitton. 
Their grand-daughter Lucy, ob. 1504, married Thomas Newton, 
who thus succeeded to the manor. 

Thomas Newton and Lucy Hampton had a son Thomas, 
who married Joan, 'daughter and heiress of Sir John Barr, of 



The Brook Family. 61 

Barr's Court, Bitton, Gloucester, temp. Edw. IV. Their son 
Thomas married Margaret, daughter of Sir Edmond Gorges, 
of Wraxall, and their son Sir John married Margaret, 
daughter of Sir Anthony Pointz, of Iron-Acton, Gloucester, 
by whom he had twenty children, eight sons, and twelve 
daughters, one of whom was Elizabeth, who became the second 
wife of William Brook, fifth Lord Cobham. 

Sir John Newton, who died in 1568, is buried in East 
Harptree Church, where there is a fine monument, on which 
is his effigy in the costume of the period, and below him kneel 
his twenty children ; at the back of the canopy is this inscrip- 
tion : — 

Here IJeth ye Body of Sr John Newton^ who Married Mar- 
garetj Daughter of S^ Anthony Pointz^ Knight^ By fVhome 
he Had Issue Eight Sons, and Twelve Daughters^ and 
Departed this Life the 10^ Apr il, 1668. 

In Assured Hope of a Joyfull Resurrection. 
What merit Hmiour brings and all World^s Pride, 
Whenfatall stroke Rents thread of Mortal wight ; 
If Sacred Vertue Have not been the Guide 
That managed all with Gifts of matchless might ? 
Which well hee knew that Here interred is, 
Whose Vertues rare Proclaime his endless Bliss. 

And on the end of the tomb : — 

Katharina Newton^ Nuper Vxor Henrici Netoton Extruit Hoc 
Tumulum An' Do\ 1605. 

This was K'atherine Paston, daughter of Sir Thomas Paston 
of Norfolk, and wife of Sir Henry Newton, ob. 1599, eldest 
son and heir of Sir John. 

Over the monument is a shield with twenty quarterings, in- 
teresting as illustrating the descent of Newton (including 
Chedder, although presumably not descending from them) 
and alliance with Pointz : 1, Newton ; 2, Sherborne ; 3, Pen- 
nington ; 4, Perrot ; 5, Norris ; 6, Chedder ; 7, Hampton ; 



62 



Papers^ Sfc 



8, Bitton ; 9, Fumeaiix ; 10, Between three leaves^ on a chevron 
an eaglet displayed \ 11, Gourney ; 12, Harptree, impaling 
1, Pointz ; 2, Bardolf ; 3, Three escallops ; 4, Acton ; 5, Clam- 
bow ; 6, Berkeley ; 7, Fitz-NichoU ; 8, Per fessy and a canton 
sinister. Above is the crest of Newton, a King of the Moors^ 
clad in mail^ and crowned or, kneeling and delivering up his 
sword^ allusive to an exploit of their maternal ancestor, Sir 
Anselm Gourney, at the " winning of Ac<jom," temp. Rich. I. 




ON THE MONUMSNT AT RA9t HARPTRER. 



Succeeding Sir Henry was Sir Theodore, ob. 1608, who 
married Penelope, daughter of Sir John Rodney, of Rodney- 
Stoke, who was succeeded by his son. Sir John, the last of 
the Newtons of Barr's Court, who married Grace Stone, was 
created a Baronet, 16th August, 1660, died sine prole^ aud 
was buried in Bristol Cathedral. 



The Brook Family. 63 

IBtoob = H^eiDton, 

BARON OF COBHAM. 

Frances Newton was married to William Lord Brook, 29th 
February, 1559-60, and died 17th October, 1592 ; her husband, 
6th March, 1596-7. "She was constituted one of Queen 
Elizabeth's ladies of the Bedchamber, with great and quaint 
ceremony at Westminster in the presence of the Queen herself. 
Her Majesty also stood sponsor for her first-bom, a son called 
Maximilian, who however died at Naples in 1583." {Waller). 

He erected in 1561, in Cobham Church, the splendid tomb 
with alabaster effigies, to his father George Brook, K.G., 
fourth Baron, ob. 1558, and mother Anne, daughter of Edmund, 
Lord Bray ; their fourteen tabarded children kneel below, 
and among them is William Brook.* An escutcheon at the 
west end has twenty-seven quarterings, the impalement of 
twelve thereof being for his second wife Frances Newton, 
among them the sixth quarter is Chedder ; the ciiest, a Saracen^ s 
head^ the ancient crest of Cobham. At the east end is his 
father's escutcheon, quartering Bray — crest, a lion passant^ 
crowned, with the motto JE • ME • FIE • EN • DIEV. 

George Brook, third son of George Lord Cobham, ob. 1558, 
and brother to Frances Newton's husband, came into Devon- 
shire for a wife. " He appears," says Mr. Waller, 

"In his parent*! magnificent tomb, kneeling on one knee, and his tabard 
shews Cobham impaling Duke (of Otterton, Devon), parted per pale argent ami 
azure, three wreama courUerchanged, He was bom 27th January, 1532-3, was 
sent abroad with a tutor, and studied Greek, Latin, and Italian with him at 
Venice, 1545*6. Returning to England, he was apprenticed to his father (his 
father was Deputy of Calais), 31st December, 1552, as Merchant of tiie Staple 
of Calais in the usual form, (Sir) Georffe Barnes (Haberdasher), Lonl Mayor of 
London, (William Gerard and John May nard) the Sheriffs being witnesses. 
And this is all that can be said of him, except that in 1561, he took refuge at 
Antwerp, from his German creditors. He married Christina, daughter and 
heir of Kichard Duke of Poerhayes, Otterton, Sheriff of Devon 1565, died 
8th September, 1572, by his first wife, Elizabeth Franke, of York. She appears 
to have been previously married, for as joint administratrix to her father she 
is described as Qinstian Sprente alias Duke." 

This match is recorded in the Visitations for Devon. 

* The tomb was terribly mutilated, and the brasses injured, restorations of both 
were made at the cost of F. C. Brooke, Esq., of Ufford, carried out under distin- 
gniahed anthoritiea and documentary evidence, and completed 1865-6.'' — WaUer, 



64 Papers^ Sfc, 

OF ILCHE8TER, OLDITCH AND WEYCROFT ; 
BARONS OF GOBHAM. 

A SHORT notice in continuation of their descent, may be 
included. 

I. Sir Thomas Brook, Knt., the younger, who married 
Joan de la Pole-Braybroke, Lady of Cobham, and 
previously noticed, was succeeded by his son Edward. 

II. Sir Edward Brook, Knt., summoned to Parliament 
as a Baron, from 1445 to 1462, was a firm adherent to the 
House of York ; at the battle of St. Alban's, 1445, and 
Northampton, 1460. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Tuchet, Lord Audley, died 1464, leaving a son John, 

III. Sir John Brook, Knt., summoned as a Baron, 
1472 to 1511. Was at the coronation of Richard III ; em- 
ployed by Henry VII in an expedition to Flanders ; and 
helped to defeat the Cornish insurrection on Blackheath, in 
1497, where his cousin Lord Audley was taken prisoner and 
afterward executed. He married first Eleanor, daughter 

of Austell, of Suffolk, and secondly Elizabeth, 

daughter of Edward Nevill, Lord Abergavenny ; she died 30th 
September, 1506 ; he died 9th March, 1511-2. Both buried at 
Cobham, where there is a fine brass to his memory. Weerer 
gives this inscription : — 

** Hie jacet Johannes Broke miles ac Baro Baronie de Cobham ae domma 
Margareta uxor sua quondam JUia nobilis viri Edouardi Ntvil nuper Dommi de 

Burgaveny, qui quidem Johannes obiil die mens^ Septemb* Ann^ Dom* 

1506, quorum animabus Amen." 

He was succeeded by his son Thomas, 

IV. Sir Thomas Brook, Knt., summoned as a Baron, 
1515 to 1523. Was at the siege of Tournay ; the "battle of 
Spurs," in 1513 ; made a Knight Banneret by the King, 1514 ; 
and at the " Field of the Cloth of txold," 1520. He married, 
first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry Heydou, by whom he 



The Brook Family. 65 

had thirteen children; secondly, Dorothy Southwell, a 
widow, and thirdly, Elizabeth Hart, who both died without 
issue. He died 19th July, 1529, buried at Cobham where is 
his brass, the last of the remarkable series of these memorials 
there. Weever gives the following inscription : — 

**OrcUe pro anima Tho' Broke miliUs Domini de Cobham conaanguinei et 
heredia Richardi Beauchampe militia, qui quiilem Thomas eepit in uxortm Doro- 
theam^JUiam Henriei Heydon militia; et hahuerunt exitum intereoa^ aepiemjUioa, 
et aex fiHan^ et jiredicta Dorothea obiit . . . . et predietua Thomaa eepit in 
uxorem Dorotheam Sowthetoel viduam, que oinit aine exitu ; et poatea repil in 
uxorem Mizabetham Harie et habuerunt nullum exitum inter eoa ; qui quidem 
Thomaa obiU 19 JuUi, 1529.' 

He was succeeded by his son George. 

V. Sir George Brook, Knt., summoned as a Baron, 

1529 to 1557. Attended with his father at the marriage of 

the Princess Mary with Louis XII, in France, 1514 ; knighted 

in the French war by Earl of Surrey, 1522 ; one of the Peers 

at the trial of Anne Boleyn, 1536 ; in the expedition against 

the Scots under the Earl of Hertford, 1546 ; Deputy of Calais, 

and K.G., 1549. Obtained large grants of ecclesiastical lands, 

including the manor of Chattingdon, and the college of Cobham. 

One of the four laylords at the trial of the Protector Somerset, 

and constituted in 1551, Lieutenant-General of the forces 

sent to the north. Although he acquiesced in Queen Mary's 

Proclamation, he was considered implicated in Sir Thomas 

Wyatt's treason (which his younger son Thomas had joined), 

and was with his son William committed to the Tower, but 

whose pardon with others " was extorted from the Queen by 

the Council." He entertained Cardinal Pole on his progress 

at Cowling Castle, in 1555, and the year following was on the 

Conmiission to "enquire about heretics." He married Anne, 

daughter of Edmund Lord Braye^ by whom he had ten sons 

and four daughters. She died Ist November, 1558, and he 

deceased 29th September, 1558 : were both buried at Cobham, 

where his son and successor WiUiam^ in 1561, erected the 

magnificent tomb to his memory, whereon are the effigies of 



Va, XLI V (Third Seriea, Vol. I V), Part IL 



66 Papers^ Sfc, 

himself and wife, and below them their fourteen children kneel 
around. 

VI. Sir William Brook, Knt., summoned as a Baron, 
1558 to 1593. Lord- Warden and Chancellor of the Cinque 
Ports, Constable of Dover, and Lord-Lieutenant of Kent, 

1558 to 1596. In November, 1558, was sent to Brussels to 
announce to King Philip of Spain, the death of his C/Onsort, 
Queen Mary; and again in 1578 and 1588, was on an embassy 
to the Spanish Governor of the Netherlands. Entertained 
Queen Elizabeth at Cobham Hall during her progresses in 

1559 and 1573. Privy Councillor and K.G., 1585 ; Custos of 
Eltham Palace, 1592; and Lord Chamberlain a short time 
before his decease, which took place 6th March, 1596-7. He 
added greatly to Cobham Hall, refounded Cobham College 
for the good of the poor, and was a great patron of literature. 
In 1572, was one of those committed to the Tower for par- 
ticipating in the designs of the Duke of Norfolk, regarding 
his marriage with Mary, Queen of Scots, and made a discovery 
of the whole affair, in the hope of attaining his own pardon. 

He married first, Dorothy, daughter of George Lord 
Abergavenny , who died 22nd September, 1559, and by whom 
he had an only daughter, Frances; and secondly to Frances, 
daughter of Sir John Newton^ of East Harptree, who died 17th 
October, 1592, and by whom he had ( 1 ) Maximifian^ (2) Henry ^ 
his successor, (3) George^ executed at Winchester for alleged 
participation in Raleigh's conspiracy, (4) William, (5) Eliza- 
beth, (6) Frances, (7) Margaret. He died in 1596, and was 
succeeded by his second son, Henry. 

VII. Sir Henry Brook, Knt., summoned as a Baron, 
1597, and E.G., 1599 ; died in 1619. A notice of this unfor- 
tunate man, the last of the Brooks, and also of the Barons of 
Cobham, in Kent, of the original creation which was by writ 
in 1313, will be subsequently given. 



The Brook Family. 67 

IBcoob, 

OF HECKINGTON, BARON OF COBHAM. 

Sir John Brook, Knt., styled "of Heckington, in the 
county of Lincoln," was the son of Sir Henry Brook^ ob. 1591, 
of Suttou-at-Hone, Kent (who was the fifth son of George 
Brook, fourth Baron of Cobham, ob. 1558), by his wife Anne, 
ob. 1612, daughter of Sir Henry Sutton^ of Notts. He was 
raised to the peerage as a Baron by Charles I, 3rd January, 
1645, "to enjoy that title in as ample a manner as any of his 
ancestors, and to have the same place and precedency," save 
that the remaindership was limited to heirs male. He married 
first, Anne . . , buried 23rd February, 1625, at Kensington; 
secondly, Frances, daughter of Sir William Bamjield^ by 
whom he had a son, George^ who died in infancy ; she was 
buried in 1676, at Surfleet, co. Lincoln. He appears to have 
been a weak-minded man, similar to his cousin Henry, and 
described as a worthless spendthrift, who dispersed the family 
estates. He died sine prole^ and was buried 20th May, 1660, 
at Wakerley, in Northamptonshire. 



Cempte, 

OF STOWE, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, 
VISCOUNTS AND BARONS OP COBHAM. 

Descending through a succession of distaffs from Margaret 
(daughter of William Brook, fifth Baron of Cobham, ob. 1597), 
wife of Sir Thomas Sondes^ ob. 1592, of Throwley, Kent ; SiR 
Richard Temple, Bart., of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, ob. 
1749; was on the 19th October, 1714, created Baron Cobham, 



68 Papers^ Sfc. 

of Cobham, in Kent ; and on 23rd May, 1718, was re-created 
a Baron with the same title, and also Viscount Cobham, 
with remainder to his sisters, Hester Grenville and Christian 
Lyttelton. The titles subsequently, through Hester Grenville, 
merged in the Earldom of Temple, and Dukedom of Bucking- 
ham. 



Cotiiltng Castle, 



"^ , 



This was (he original seat oty the Cobhams in Kent, and 
situate in th^'parigh of Cowling, near Rochester. The manor 
was acquired by them temgv'-Henry III, 1216-72, and the 
manor house was erected by flohn de Cobham, the founder, 
temp. Richard II, and he obtained that King's license to 
crenellate it, 2nd February, 1380-1. 

" It was of large size, and tbe two wards or courts, cover nearly eight acres 
of ground, and considerable remains still exist. The outer gate towers are 
forty feet high, and the gateway altogether fifty feet wide, and other large 
portions of the buildings, and flanking towers, attest the original strength and 
size of the structure, which was enclosed by a moat fed from the Thames." 

It seems to have been the principal residence of the Cob- 
hams, Joan de la Pole, the grand-daughter of its builder, 
appears to have lived here, for her third husband, Sir Nicholas 
Hawberk, died here in 1407, and her fourth husband, the un- 
fortunate Sir John Oldcastle, took refuge here, until arrested 
by order of King Henry IV, with an armed force, in 1413. 

But the most remarkable event in its history was — 

*' Its assault and capture by Sir Thos. Wyatt, 30th January, 1564, who hiMl 
married the sister of its then possessor, Greorge Brook, Lord of Ck>bham and 
Cowlinir. Wyatt had a large force with him with artillery, and the attack 
lasted from eleven in the morning until five in the afternoon, when Brook 
capitulated, as he had only a few men of whom four or five were killed and 
others wounded. Althougn he had been made promise to join Wyatt the next 



^^^^' 



1\v.j, 



#•*■ 



f^^ 



y^ 



S^^' 






^^.^ 



The Brook Family. 69 

day, as soon as Wyatt*s back was tamed, Brook despatched a messenger to 
Qaeen Mary giving her an account of the whole affair, superscribed with * fuMt, 
host, post luut, wUh all dylygence possible, for the lyfe,for the lyfe,* for well he 
knew the jeopardy of his relationship to Wyatt, and what was likely to be 
made oat of it. It did not avert the Queen's displeasure, for he and his sons 
were sent to the Tower, where the name of his younger son, Thomas, still ap- 
pears carved on the wall of the Beauchamp Tower — * Thomas Gobhanij 1553' — 
but they did not remain long, intercession was made for them and they were 
released in March, 1553-4. It is probable Cowling Castle was seldom afterward 
occupied as a residence, and suffered to fall to decay." ( Waller). 

It is now a ruin of considerable size. 




AT COBHAM, M^^I^^i^ ^ 

It is not known when thi^^fi^e-dstructure wa/ begun, nor the 
style or size of the original 'biiij^f^.v. Of ^ what at present 
appears, it is probable the two last Br((oks,/Barons of Cobham, 
erected the north and south wings between 1584 and 1603, but 
Henry, Lord Cobham apparently never completed the original 
house, previous to his attainder. The date on the north porch, 
shewn in the engraving, is 1594. 

On 13th August, 1613, James I granted to his relative, 
Ludovic Stuart, second Duke of Lenox and Richmond, ob. 
1624, Cobham Hall, and some of the forfeited estates. James 
Stuart, fourth Duke of Lenox, employed Inigo Jones to com- 
plete the main portion of the structure between the wings, and 
was probably the first of his race that resided within it. 

Subsequently it descended to the Earls of Damley, who 
made important additions and alterations to the edifice, finishing 
it as it now appears. Built of red brick with white stone 
dressings, the array of large windows, flanking turrets, and its 
grreat size, forms a splendid and picturesque structure, sur- 
rounded by an extensive park. 



70 Papers^ Sfc. 

?0entp TBtook, 

THE LAST LORD OF COBHAM. 

Although the story of his misfortunes, or rather tragedy of 
fate, that waited on Henry Brook, tenth and last of the 
Barons of Cobham, and hereditary possessor of Cobham Hall, 
is now correctly known through the able investigations and 
research of Mr, Waller, from whom the following account is 
derived, a short reference to them here, as the closing scene 
of the Brooks, and connected with their west-country associa- 
tions may not be out of place. 

*' He wu the second son of Sir William Brook, ninth Lord Cobluun (by 
Frances Newton, of Harptree), and Maximilian the eldest having died young, 
he succeeded to the barony on the death of his father, in 1596-7, being then 
thirty-two years old. No one could have entered life witii more brilliant 
prospects. In his blood were represented many noble and historic names. The 
vast estates of the familv had been constantly on the increase, and an addition 
had been made to them by Queen Elizabeth in 1564 of St. Augustine's Abbey, 
at Canterbury. At her Court, indeed, the lords of Cobham were in high favour, 
and she had honoured his father, Sir William, on two occasions with a visit to 
Cobham Hall, where she was entertained with much magnificence. Without 
any great ability, and still less personal chai^ter, he nevertheless fell in 
naturally, as it were, to those honours which his ancestors had engaged. In 
1597 he was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, an office of much impor- 
tance in those days. He was installed on St. Bartholomew's day (1598) at 
Canterbury, **at which ceremonious solemnitie were assembled almost 40(H) 
horse, and he kept the feast very magnificently, and spent 26 oxen with all 
provision suitable " The following year he was installed ICnight of the Garter, 
as his father and grandfather before him, and here his honours and good lack, 
seem to have culminated." 

Then came his marriage, and with it arose the first little 
cloud in the golden horizon of distinction that surrounded him. 

" So great a favourite of fortune, and yet in his prime of youthful manh(x>d, 
it will not be a matter of wonder, that the ladies of the Court considered him 
as a matrimonial prize. The prize fell to Frances, daughter of Charles Howard, 
Earl of Nottingham, and widow of Henry, Earl of Kudare. She was a warm- 
hearted woman, but of strong passions, and a violent temper, yet there is no 
doubt she had conceived for Lord Cobham a powerful afi^tion. It did not 
take place until 1601, and does not appear to have been one of good omen, for 
it is tnns alluded to in a letter of the time — * The Lord Cobham hath married 
the Lady of Kildare, but I hear of no sreat agreement.' It was not a happy 
marriage, but the union was destined to be soon abruptly dissolved." 

The cloud gradually, but at last surely and rapidly spread, 
and the remainder of his history simply becomes one of mis- 
fortune and misery. 



The Brook Family. 71 

'* lo this age of Court intrigne and political plotting, Lord Cobham and Sir 
Walter Ralei^ (who had been his father's friend) took the same side. They 
were both the enemies of the unfortunate £!arl of Essex. At the attack upon 
Essex House in 1601, Lord Cobham took part, and afterwards sat as one of his 
peers at the trial, little thinking then how soon his own turn was to come. It 
is extremely probable that this emnity to Essex was the shadow cast before, 
a warning to the event fatal to himself. Between Essex and James of Scotland 
a warm friendship subsisted, and when the latter ascended the throne of 
England, the enemies of that nobleman soon felt his displeasure." 

The last and great misfortune was now at hand. 

"James was no sooner upon the throne than there arose those plots against 
him which to comprehend or unravel is one of the most difficult ta^s in 
ESnglish history. In the phraseology of the time, they were known as the 
Treasons of the Bye and the Main, the Priests' Treason (or the Surprising 
Treason) and the Spanish Treason. It was the Treason of the Main, or Spanish 
Treason, in which Lord Cobham and Sir Walter Raleigh are said to have 
plotted, and if we are to believe his accusers, the latter was the soul of the con- 
spiracy. 

The Priests* Treason, so called from two Catholic priests, Watson and 
Clarke, said to have been its promoters, was to surprise the person of the King. 
In this George Brook, Lord Cobham's brother. Sir (iriffin Markham, and Loni 
Grey of Wilton, were joint actors, and Lord Cobham was said to be privy to it. 
As before mentioned, Cobham and Raleigh were the actors in the Main or 
Spanish Treason. These unfortunate men were tried and found guilty, and 
Kaleigh*s trial, from the emineuce of his character, and also from the able 
defence which he made, has excited mostly the attention of historians. We 
cannot rise from its perusal without a sentiment of disgust, and a feeling that it 
remains a blot upon our history." 

Then came the punishment awarded these unfortunate men. 

** The two priests suffered the extremity of the law with all its attendant 
barbarities, and George Brook, his brother, was beheaded at Winchester.'' 

But one of the most extraordinary punishments on record, 
for its studied cruelty, was that practised on Lord Cobham 
and his two companions. 

"The Lords Cobham and Grey, and Sir Griffin Markham, were, one cold 
morning in November, 1603, brought upon the scaffold at Winchester Castle, 
Sir Walter Raleigh looking on from the window of his prison ; and after being 
severally played with, as uie pike when hooked by the angler, with the bitter- 
ness of death before their eyes, they received the commutation of their sentence. 
Those who have read James's letter to the Council, wherein he glorifies himself 
on his royal mercy, and have also read the narrative of an eve witness of the 
scene enacted on the scaffold, will understand and appreciate his character. 

We have now to state their fate. Sir Griffin Markham was banished the 
realm, and died abroad. The young Lord Grey died after eleven years con- 
finement in the Tower, his high spirit utterly crushed. Sir Walter Raleigh's 
£ate is well known. Posterity will ever regard his execution as a crime. 

Henry Brook and Sir Walter Raleigh were conducted back to the Tower, 
16th December, 1603, and henceforth Lord Cobham, like most unfortunate 
men condenmed to imprisonment for life, became as one dead to the outer 
world." 

But what became of the immense Cobham possessions, of 



72 Papers^ Sfc. 

which Olditch and Weycroft formed a comparatively small 
portion ? These of course were all confiscated, although there 
was a difficulty in the way, and a legal one, for they were en- 
tailed — this however was soon surmounted and over-ridden by 
cruel subterfuge and other despicable means, and the estates 
seized and distributed by the magnanimous James to his 
favourites in various ways. A strong contrast this which 
befel the fate of the possessions of the last Baron of Cobham, 
to that which attended, under simihn^^^ircumstances, the pos- 
sessions of the ^first Baron, John j^^.tpoB^ts^^ when attainted 
in the reign of Richard II,';'sentenced'.£p 4^kjl^,^as a traitor, 
and his estates confiscated. X'X.B^i.?'^ prei^jialy described, in 
the sentence "there was a "Ssiving .o,^.,entail, showing the 
jealousy of Parliament over estates iStn^ipight otherwise pass 
into the hands of the Crown." No sucff* patriotic caution 
appears to have animated the government of James, the 
sycophants of whose Court were evidently only too ready to 
further the illegal proceeding, in the hope afterward to share 
the spoil. 

In addition to this confiscation, all his honours were for- 
feited, and to complete the contumely and ruin heaped on him 
he was " degraded " from being a Knight of the Garter, and 
his achievement as such taken down and cast out from his stall 
in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, I6th February, 1603-4. 

Henry Cobham — for he was a baron no longer — endured his 

imprisonment fifteen years ; it was of varying degrees of 

severity, and toward the end of the time, on account of ill 

health, he was allowed — 

** For the bettering; of hia healthe his Majestie's leave to go to Bathe attended 
by his keeper. In his retnme being as he conceved thoroughly cured of his 
maladie, was at Hungerford suiprized with a dead palsey ; m>m thence with 
difficulty he was carried aly ve unto Odiam, Sir Edward Moore's house (who had 
married his sister, Frances), he is yett livinge but nott like to continew many 
dayes." 

This was in September, 1617, but — 

*' From this attack he sufficiently recovered to be enabled to return to the 
Tower. Soon after we lose all trace of him as a living man. He died 24th 
January, 1619.' 










DOORWAY, COBHAM HALL. 



The Brook Family. 73 

Where was he buried ? 

*' At Cobham the Regutera do not carry us back so far. Thoae in the Tower 
have not his name. He was therefore not buried there. Search has been made 
at Odiham without success, and at Aldgate also, as well as at Trinity Minories 
by the Tower, but no entry has been found." 

And what of the wife of this unhappy prisoner ? 

"Of the Lady Kildare, his widow, nothing is said at this time of his death. 
She was living at Cobham Hall, and it seems as if she took no notice whatever 
of the unfortunate man who was her husband, and in whose house she lived. ** 

fiurke gives the further following description of him. 

" Lord Cobham appears to have been not many degrees removed from a fool, 
but enjoying the favour of the Queen, he was a fitting tool in the hands of his 
more wily associates. Upon Ids trial he was dastardly to the most abject 
meanness. 

The mode of bringing the prisoners on the scaffold, and am(ravating their 
snfferines with momentary expectation of their catastrophe, oefore the pre- 
intended pardon was produced, was a piece of manaframent and contrivance for 
which King James was by the sycopnants of the Court very highly extolled, 
but such a course was universally esteemed the pitiful policy of a weak, con- 
temptible mind. 

*0n this occasion.' says Sir Dudley Carleton, 'Cobham who was now to 
play his part did much cozsen the world, for he came to the scaffold with good 
assurance, and contempt of death.' And in the short prayers he made, so out- 
prayed the company wnich helped to pray with him, that a stander-by observed 
' that he had a good mouth in a cry, but nothing single.' 

After they were remanded (Sir Dudley says) and brought back on the scaffold, 
'they looked strange on one another, like men beheMed and met again in 
another world.' " 

A pitiable exhibition, the rightly-constituted humane mind 
shrinks from contemplating ; no matter what kind of fool- 
knave this unfortunate man may have been. It has been 
stated that he died in a state of filth for lack of apparel and 
linen, and in such abject poverty, wanting the common neces- 
saries of life. This has been proved not to have been the case, 
he was afforded a moderate sum, payable monthly, during his 
imprisonment, enough to keep him fairly comfortable, and he 
had medical attendance during his illness. It is probable his 
death occurred outside " the verge of the Tower," as he had 
petitioned for more liberty to take the air for his health in the 
•July previous to his decease, the King's surgeon to certify to 
his weak state. It was also stated his poor paralyzed frame 
remained unburied some days for want of means. But this is 
scarcely probable either, for his assignee. Lady Burgh, widow 

yol. XLI V (Third Series, Vol, J Y), Part J J, k 



/" 



74 Papers^ 8fc. 

of his brother, George Brook, had an order from the Treasury 
for a considerable sum due to him, the day after his decease. 
Where was his rich wife at this final scene ? Of her we hear 
nothing, she had clearly disowned and entirely disassociated 
herself from him; and where the noble outcast died, and found 
his last resting-place is not known. 

It would be diflScult amid the whole current of English 
history to find a more mournful narrative ; and of surpassing 
interest as connected with the last possessorship by the Brooks 
of the crumbling fragment'^of. ruin at Olditch, the original 
seat of his ancestors, and tp-^tl^^'^T'^^ story. Both have be- 
come a sad memory only glimmeriijigjtt'the gloom of the Past. 

TBlount, 

LA8T P088E8SOK OF OLDITCH AND WEYCROFT, 
EARL OF DEVON. 

The cruel attainder of Henry Brook, the last unfortunate 
Baron of Cobham, and consequent confiscation of his estates, 
took place in 1603, and that "high and mychtie prince"' 
James I, in 1604, gave the manors of Olditch and Weycroft 
to one of his favourites, Charles Blount, eighth Baron Mount- 
joy of Thurveston, in Derbyshire, who in the year previous, 
2lst July, 1603, he had created Earl of Devon and K.G. 

Lord Mountjoy was the second of the " interpolated " Earls 
of Devon — the hereditary honour of the Courtenays — but an 
ill fate hung over their creations, for Blount held it barely 
three years, and leaving no legitimate issue, the title becatnc 
extinct at his death, 3rd April, 1606. The^r^f was Hum- 
phrey Stafford, of Suthwyke, so created by Edward IV, 7tli 
May, 1469, after that monarch had given him "the bulk of 
the estates" forfeited by the attainder of the three unfortunate 



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8 

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The Brook Family. 75 

brothers, Thomas, Henry, and John Courtenay, successively 
Earls of Devon, who, within nine years, lost their lives on the 
seaiibld and battle field, fighting for the house of Lancaster, 
and whose deaths ended the first descent of that noble family. 
But for Stafford's treachery at the battle of Banbury, only 
three months afterward, "by diligent enquiry by King Ed- 
ward's order, he was found at Brent, near the river Axe in 
Somersetshire, and carried to Bridgwater, and there beheaded," 
the monks of Glastonbury giving him sepulture beneath the 
central tower of the Abbey Church. 

Why Charles Blount chose the title of Earl of Devon, was 
probably also in part connected with the fate of the above un- 
fortunate Earls, for his ance8tory"^J5JVlter Blount, first Lord 
Mountjoy, Lord Treasurer of EnglaMjN^id K.G., ob. 1474, 
a staunch adherent of Edwar4 IV, 'i^.ahlkted largely in the 
confiscated possessions of the . leading Lancastrians," and 
among others, "particularly those of Thomas Cdurtenay, Earl 
of Devon, obtaining thereby exterisLy«»'t'emtoriUl possessions 
in Devon." 

But another ancestor of his was further, and in more pleasant, 
relationship connected, similar to the Cobhams, with the Cour- 
tenays by intermarriage. 

William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy, ob. 1535, grand- 
father of Charles Blount, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
William Say, and by her had one daughter Gertrude, who 
was the second wife of Henry Courtenay, Marquis of Exeter, 
beheaded by Henry VIII, in 1539, she narrowly escaped the 
same fate, and afterward resided at Great Canford, near Poole, 
died in 1558, and is buried within the presbytery of Wimbome 
Minster, in a tomb of Purbeck marble, with traceried panels, 
and this fragment of inscription now remaining — 
** Vimjux quondam Henrici Courteney, Marchionis Exon, §• 
Mater Edwardi Courteney nuper Co " 

Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon, her unfortunate son, a 
prisoner almost all his life, died at Padua, in 1566, "not 



76 Papers^ 8fc. 

without suspicion of poison," and at his death without issue, 
the then elder descent of the Courtenajs became extinct, and 
the title of Earl of Devon passed into abeyance, until claimed 
and allowed to William, third Viscount Courtenay of the 
Powderham descent, 15th March, 1831. 

Charles Blount was a person of high military reputation, 
and had a command in the fleet that dispersed the Spanish 
Armada, was constituted Governor of Portsmouth, and sub- 
sequently in 1597, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in 1599 repulsed 
the Spaniards with great gallantry at Kinsale. Camden de- 
scribes him as being " so eminent for valour and learning, that 
in those respects he had no superior, and few equals," and 
Moryson, his secretary, writes, "that he was beautiful in 
person as well as valiant, and learned as well as wise." But 
his high public character, and all these accomplishments, were 
tarnished by his unfortunate intrigue with Penelope, daughter 
of Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, and wife of Robert, third 
Lord Rich, and first Earl of Warwick, ob. 1618, by whom he 
had several illegitimate children, and who on her divorce he 
subsequently married at Wanstead, in Essex, 26th December, 
1605. William Laud, afterward Archbishop of Canterbury, 
performing the ceremony. 

The portrait is from an old etching, probably of contem- 
porary date. The crest encircled by the Garter is that of 
Blount : Within the Sun in splendour^ an eyc^ proper. Below 
is inscribed : Are to he sold by Henry Balam in Lombard Street. 

Another is found in Lodge's Portraits^ sitting in a chair, the 
face in profile, from a picture in the possession of the Duke of 
Hamilton, by Juan Pantoxana. 

Pole says, " he conveyed the same (Olditch) unto Mountjoy, 
his base supposed son, who nowe enjoy eth the same" — this 
was Mountjoy Blount (one of his children by Penelope Rich) 
who was afterward created, in 1627, Baron Mountjoy by 
James I, and in the year following Earl of Newport by 
Charles I, who died in 1665, and either himself or one of his 



The Brook Family. 77 

descendants, sold it to Mr. John Bowditch, from whom it was 
acquired in 1714, by an ancestor of Mr. Bragge, of Sad- 
borough, in Thorncombe, its present possessor. Arms of 
Blount, Barry nebnlee of six^ or and sable, 

Weycroft was sold by Charles Blount, Earl of Devon, ac- 
cording to Pole " unto John Bennet, Sherif of London, whose 
son Mr. Bennet nowe enjoyeth it.'' He disposed of the manor 
in parcels, and it is now divided among various owners. 

In a social, if not in a political aspect, Charles Blount was 
as great a transgressor as the hapless man, a large portion of 
whose confiscated possessions he did not hesitate to accept. 
And it proved to be no bar in that unscrupulous age, to the 
bestowal of an Earldom both on the father and his unhappily 
begotten son, nor hinder at their deaths, the burial of the 
elder in Westminster Abbey, and the younger in Christ 
Church Cathedral, Oxford. But Nemesis appeared at their 
graves-side, Avhere their " honours " perished with them. 



So concludes our little history of the knightly Brooks, and 
their possessions in these western parts. The wayfarer, who, 
carrying within his memory its three centuries of incident, 
regards the departed importance of Weycroft, and views on 
the site of their first home, the solitary ivy-clad tower at 
Olditch — sole relic of its former dignity — standing amid the 
grass-grown foundations, over which 

*' Stern rain's ploughshare drives elate/' 
and joins with it the mournful climax that extinguished their 
honours and fame,'in the sad fate that befel their last heredi- 
tary possessor, in the grander surroundings of Cobham : sees 
in them a striking instance of the instability and transitory 
character of the belongings to human life, which no station 
can shield, nor wealth avert, or rescue from the sentence of 
doom which Time pronounces on all earthly things. 



'r» 



Papers^ 8fc. 



.. From tile banlds of the Axe our steps first led us to Olditcli, 
.and having* (i6mpleted the circuit of our little investigation, 
terminate in this particular at Weycroft, close overlooking 
that delightful stream — home of the speckled trout, haunt of the 
stately heron, the flashing kingfisher, the bounding swallow — 
and by whose ripe we return to the place from whence they 
first set out. The air is radiant with summer sunshine, the 
red kine are dozing and dreaming in the grateful shadow of 
the tall elms, the bee and butterfly are bustling and flickering 
among the reeds, the golden iris, the purple flags, that fringe 
its margin, and all is contentment and peace. Musingly we 
ask, who, privileged to dwell amid these pure enjoyments, 
which Nature with perennial hand spreads so bountifully, that 
bring no care or alloy, would, listening to the syren voice of 
ambition, be tempted to forsake them for the glamour of 
Courts, the smiles and suspicions of Princes, with, as we have 
seen, the attendant dangers of the confiscator's hand, the 
prison door, the headsman's axe, the exile's fate, an unknown 
grave ? 




LET ME, INGLORIOUS. LOVE THE STREAMS AND WOODS. 



(roBLICLrBRARYl 



^n tde 3|nQut0tttone0 Post ai^ortem for Somerset \J 
from ^enrp SSS to Uicbarti HM (12164485). 



BY EDWAKD ALEXANDER FRY. 



IT may be useful to those who have not had much experi- 
ence in early genealogical history to state briefly* what 
inquisitiones post mortem were and wherein lies their useful- 
ness to us in these latter days. 

Inquisitiones post mortem were one of the most distinctive 
features of the feudal system in England ; they were intro- 
duced in the reign of Henry III, about 1216, and continuing 
to be held throughout the course of nearly 450 years were 
only formally abolished on the accession of Charles II to the 
throne, though they had practically ceased to be taken after 
1640. 

When a person, whether male or female, died seized of 
lands in capite^ that is holding them from the Crown, a writ 
was issued to the escheator of the county directing that an in- 
quisition should be held in order to ascertain of what lands he 
died seized, of whom and by what services the same were held, 
when he died, and who was his next heir. If the heir hap- 
pened to be a minor the lands descending to him were held in 

* Much fuller accounts will be found in the introduction to the abstracts of 
inquisitiones published in ** Dorset Records " and in various genealogical hand- 
books, as, for instance, Sim's "Manual," p. 123 ; Rye's ** Records and Record 
Searching," p. 85; Phillimore's "How to trace the History of a family," 
p. 130; and particularly the introduction to the "Calendarium Genealogicum," 
by Roberts, and Mr. Scargill-Bird's " Guide to the PubUc Records," p. 141. 



80 Papera^ Sfc, 

ward by the Crown till he came of age. The wardship was 
generally a very lucrative business, because the rents and 
profits of the estate went to the person having charge of the 
heir till his coming of age, so that wardships were frequently 
bought from the Crown for large sums of money. 

On the heir attaining his majority he had to sue out his 
" ousterlemain ; " in other words he had to obtain delivery 
from the Crown of the lands for which he was in ward after 
first proving to the Court's satisfaction that he was of age. 

As may be expected payments of a very exacting nature 
were extorted on all these occasions of death, proof of age, 
and delivery of lands. 

It will be seen, therefore, from the above brief outline, that 
Inquisitiones post mortem are very useful to genealogists of 
the present day, because in them are recorded the most minute 
particulars of the deceased's landed property ; names of 
manors long since passed out of existence, field names, names 
of tenants, etc., etc., are often given, likewise many interest- 
ing details as to the services by which the property was held. 
The date of the deceased's death, the heir's name, relationship, 
and age at time of his predecessor's death are all stated on the 
oath of twelve men appointed as a jury. 

Proceeding now to a few particulars respecting the Calen- 
dar of Inquisitiones post mortem for Somerset, it should be 
remarked that in 1806 it was ordered by Parliament that a 
calendar be printed of the inquisitiones then kept in the Tower 
of London, but since that date deposited in the Public Record 
Office. The outcome of this order was that betwfeen 1806 
and 1828 four large folio volumes were issued under the direc- 
tion of the Commissioners of Public Records, covering the 
period between the reigns of Henry III and Richard III, 
which volumes may be consulted in most of the public lib- 
raries in the Kingdom. 

These four volumes give the names of the people on whose 




From an Old. Engraving, 



On the Impiisitumes Post Mortem for Somerset, 81 

properties the inquisitiones were held and the names of the 
manors, etc., and the counties in which thej are situated, but 
fail to give any further information. 

As a partial remedy for these omissions there appeared in 
1865 two volumes entitled " Calendarium Genealogicum," by 
Mr. Charles Roberts, which, for the reigns of Henry III and 
Edward I, gives short abstracts of the inquisitiones, stating 
the heir and his age at the taking of the inquisition, and 
many other particulars omitted in the calendars published by 
the Commissioners. 

It was a great pity the ^' Calendarium Genealogicum " was 
not carried out for the whole of the period ^covered by the 
official calendar, for by combining the two one might have 
arrived at the pith of all the inquisitiones down to Richard III, 
whereas now recourse has tol^^hitwi^'to the documents them- 
selves for any inquisition that occurs ftf^e'j*. Edward I. 

The calendar of Somerset inquisitiones he^^ given is a com- 
pilation of all that relate to this county from the four volumes, 
with such corrections and additions as appear in the copy 
kept at the Public Record Office, thus rendering it more 
reliable and up-to-date. 

What the compiler would like to see carried out by degrees, 
is, that full abstracts in English of these valuable documents 
should be made as far as Somerset is concerned, when many 
an obscure point in mediseval genealogies would be cleared up 
and set completely at rest. With a little combination by 
people interested in these subjects, or even by a small sum de- 
voted to it year by year by this Society, this desirable object 
could in course of time be effected, and thus place Somerset 
foremost among the counties having materials for a history of 
its early times. 

EDW. ALEX. FRY. 



Vol, XLl V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part IL 



82 



Papers^ Sfc, 



Table of Regnal Years. 



HeNRT III A.D. 


1216-1272 


Henky IV A.D. 


1399—1413 


Edward I „ 


1272—1307 


V 


1413—1422 


„ II „ 


1307—1327 


„ VI „ 


1422—1461 


„ III „ 


1327—1377 


Edward IV „ 


1461—1483 


BiCHABD II „ 


1377—1399 


n * j» 


1483 






Richard III „ 


1483—1485 



Calendar of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for 
Somerset from Henry III to Richard III 
(1216—1485). 
This calendar is not confined to inquisitiones post mortem 
only ; there are also inquisitiones ad quod damnum, proofs of 
age, documents dealing with the properties of lunatics and 
idiots, fugitives and felons, inquisitiones taken on special occa- 
sions, as, for ins|;ance, to ascertain boundaries, rights to hold 
fairs, markets, fisheries and ferries, or to inquire into tithes, 
common of pasture, and free warren. 

In many of the years in Edward Ill's reign there are two 
series of numbers to the inquisitiones, the second of which are 
called " 2nd numbers." They are identified in this calendar 
by an asterisk,* and when applying for a document thus 
marked, care should always be taken to add the words '' 2nd 
numbers." 



The King (concerning the Honors of Babyngton, 
Hardington, Holcombe and Kadestok, 
members of the H und red of Ken mersclon) 

Concerning the manor of Horsington, deest 

The King, Inquis. ad inquirend,y (concerning 
Kingeswere fishery.) 

The King, Inquis. ad inquirend,^ (concerning the 
manors of Bishopestone, Clonewurde, 
Cruche, Cymoch, Gerlintone, and Tyn- 
tehale.) 



11 Edw. I, 56 

8 Edw. II, 66 
27 Edw. Ill, 75 

7Ricfc. II, 111 



On the Inquisition es Post Mortem for Somerset, 83 

Thp King, Inquis, ad inqutrend., (concerning the ) let part 

munor of Spacheton, etc.) ) 15 Rich. II, 118 

The King (concerning the manors of Chilton \ 

Caiintelowe, Hardington, etc.) ) ' 

Abbadam, John, and Elizabeth, his wife 27 £dw. I, 132 

Abbotsbury, Abbottesbury, Abbot of. Inq. adq.d. 17 Hen. YI, 63 

„ Abbodesbury, Abbot of, pro John de Brudeport 

3 Edw. Ill, 11* 
„ Abrodesbury Abbey, per Thomas de Luda 

and Alianora, his wife. Inq. adq.d 33 Edw. I, 242 
Abergavenny ne Bergevenny. 

Abroghton, John, sen. app. 8 Hen. VII, 1 

Achard, Thomas, see Liiscote, Joan. 

„ Thomas, kin and heir of Johannis de Knovill' 

32 Edw. Ill, 56 
Acre, Walter del 36 Hen. UI, 32 

Acton, John de, and Sibilla, his wife 6 Edw. II, 55 

„ Richard de, chev. pro Priory of Miinechene Barowe 

35 Edw. Ill, 20* 
„ Richard de, miles, pro Abbey of Glastonbury 

38 Edw. Ill, 46* 
„ Richard de, pro Priory of Barouwe 44 Edw. Ill, 46* 

Adymot, Robert, see Braunche. 

Albemarl, Albamarl, William 17 Edw. I, 22 

„ Albamarlia, William de Ist part, 36 Edw. Ill, 5 

Albiniaco, William de Inq. manea, 13 Edw. I, 1 

PhUlip 19 Edw. I, 23 

Ralph de 20 Edw. I, 27 

Albinyaco, Philip de 22 Edw. I, 38 

Elias de 33 Edw. I, 81 

„ Elie, see Heyle, John 3 Edw. II, 4 

„ Ralph, son and heir of Elias de 11 Edw. II, 53 

„ Elie de, John de Holte, de herede de 14 Edw. II, 21 

Albe Aule, Priory of, Ivelchester, see Bryen Quido. 

Aldham, Francis de 1 Edw. Ill, 7 

Alvardeston, Parson of, see Danmerle, Wm. 



84 Papers^ Sec 

Alwy, Walter 5 Edw. II, 24 

Amorey, Gilbert, pro Abbey of Kaynesham. Inq. ad q. d. 

34 Edw. I, 129 
„ Amori, Gilbert, of Keynesham, pro Abbey of 

Eeynesham. Inq, ad q, d. 33 Edw. I, 225 

Andre we, Elizabeth, wife of John, arm. I Hen VI, 22 

Appulton, Robert, gen. app. 13 Hen. VEII, 4 

Archiaco, Adomar de 7 Edw. II, 50 

Arthur, Richard 21 Edw. IV, 17 

Arundell, Richard, Earl of, see Bohnn, Hiimfrey. 

„ Thomas 12 Edw. Ill, 10 

„ Edmund de, miles 48 Edw. Ill, 9* 

„ John de, milas, and Alianor, his wife 3 Rich. II, 1 

„ Richard, Earl of 6 Rich. II, 159 

„ Richard, Earl of, and Phillippa, his wife 21 Rich. II, 2 

„ Richard, Earl of extra bundle, 21 Rich. II, 5g 

„ Alianora, wife of John 6 Hen. IV, 31 

„ John, Earl of 13 Hen. VI, 37 

„ MatUda, wife of John, Earl of 15 Hen. VI, 39 

„ Catherine, formerly wife of Roger Leukenou 

19 Edw. IV, 47 
„ Joan, wife of Nicholas, of Trerishe 22 Edw. IV, 48 

Asschionde, John de 6 Edw. II, 52a 

Asseleg, Walter de 40 Hen. Ill, 55 

Assheton, Robert de, chev. 7 Rich. II, 5 

Asthorp, William, chev. I Hen. IV, 44 

Athelney, Abbot of, see Hayt, Henry. 

„ Abbey of, 8ee Beauchamp, John. 

„ Athelygneye, Abbot of, see Sydenham, Richard. 

„ Athelyngye. Abbey of. Inq, dd q. d, 33 Edw. I, 144 

„ Abbot of, placUa 7 Rich II, 157 

Atte Berough, Peter, pro Chapel in Holy Cross, Temple 

Church, Bristol. 2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 80 

Atte Forde, Valentine, pro Cecilia Turbervile 43 Edw. Ill, 55^^ 

„ „ chaplin 45 Edw. Ill, 33- 

Atte Hull, Christina, wife of John 9 H<jn. IV, 37 



On the Inqnisttiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 85 

Atte Hull, Nicholas, son of John and Cristina, 

probatio etatis 2 Hen. V, 56 

„ Nicholas, son of John 2 Hen. V, 56 

Atte Lode, Hugh,/e^ 34 Edw. I, 85 

„ Thomas, and Simon Michel, plaeita 8 Rich. II, 104 

Atte MuUe, John, and Matilda, and John de Blakenale 

18 Edw. Ill, 3* 
Atte Ree, Thomas and Alena 33 Edw. ITI. 54^' 

Atte Zerde, John, /do 4 Rich. II, 85 

Atton, John de, pro Abbe}' of St. Augustine's, Bristol 

32 Edw. ni, 28* 
Aubyne, Ralph de, chev., feofiavit Ralph de Aubjne 

20 Edw. Ill, 29* 
Audeham, Thomas de 4 Edw. I, 45 

Audley, Nicholas, Lord, see Hillary, Margaret 

„ Audele, James de. InquU. de valare maner^ 27 Edw. Ill, 38 
„ Audeley, James de, of Heley, chev. 9 Rich. II, I 

„ Audelegh, Nicholas de, chev., and Elizabeth, his wife 

1st part, 15 Rich. II, 1 
„ „ Elizabeth, wife of Nicholas, mil. 17 Rich. II, 76 

„ A udeley, Elizabeth, wife of Nicholas de, chev. 

2 Hen. IV, 56 
„ „ „ wife of John Tucketmil 

null tm. terr, 25 Hen. VI, 33 

Auno, Godfrey de 43 Hen. Ill, 2 

„ Aunoh, Godfrey de Uncertain, Hen. III. 252 

Averenges, John de 42 Hen. Ill, 12 

Baa, see Bath. 

Badelesmere, Giles, and Elizabeth, see Despenser. 
Bagge, Cecilia, and Robert, see Blaunchesale, Prioress of. 
Bagge worth, John de, see Keynsham Abbey. 
Baillif, William, jun. 49 Edw. Ill, 76 

Bakeler, John, and Sibilla 30 Edw. Ill, 48* 

Baker, Thomas 47 Edw. Ill, 49* 

Bakhous, John, and Alice, per Botreaux, William, sen. 

14 Rich. II, 75 



86 Papers^ Sfc. 

Ball, Thomas, of Balles-Hejes 20 Rich. II, 59 

Balon, John 5 Hen. V, 44 

Banastre, William 19 Rich. II, 6 

Bardeye, Thomas de, of Bristol 24 £dw. I, 44 

Barbe, Thomas, appreciacione terrarum 13 Rich. II, 77 

Barouwe, Priory of, 8ee Acton, Richard de. 
Barre, Joan, widow 2 Rich. Ill, 10 

Barun, Walter 35 Edw. I, 1 

Bar we, William, and William Brewere, pro Priory of Braton 

7 Rich, n, 106 
Basset, John, pro Prior de Bath 32 Edw. I, 133 

„ Edmund 4 Edw. II, 41 

„ Alice, d. and h. John B. 5 Rich. II, 8 

„ John 6 Rich. II, 16 

„ John 7 Rich. II, 166 

„ Bassett, John, son of Simon, chev. 13 Rich. II, 4 

„ John, father of Margaret, wife of Walter Broun 

21 Rich, n, 105 
Basyng, Gilbert, and Sibilla, his wife 16 Hen. VI, 45 

Bath (Baa), Prior of, sen Dudmerton, John da 

Osbert de 24 Edw. I, 49 

Reginald de 39 Hen. HI, 22 

Bishop of, 8€e Harewelle, John de. 

House of the King there, brew tatUum 51 Hen. Ill, 57 

Priory of, see Forde, Henry de. 

„ gee Forde, Thomas de. 
Prior of, see Rodeneye, Walter de. 
Priory of, see Vynour, William. 

Prior de, John Basset, pro 32 Edw. I, 133 

Priory, per Peter Fil. Robert. Inq. ad q. d, 33 Edw. I, 231 
„ per Bp. of Bath and Wells. Inq. ad q, d, 

33 Edw. I, 240 
„ per John Sheet 13 Rich. II, 122 

„ per William Botreaux, mil. 38 and 39 Hen. VI, 61 
Bathe, Robert 5 Hen. VI, 62 

Bathon, William de, chev., and John de 4 Edw. Ill, 29* 



On the laquUitwnes Post Mortem for Somerset. 87 

Bath and Wells, Bishop of, see Harwell, John. 

„ Bishop of, Bee Rodenej, Walter de. 

„ Bishop of, and Joan de Lideyard 9 Edw. I, 80 

„ Robert Burnell, Bp. of 21 Edw. I, 50 

„ Bishop of 30 Edw. 1, 34 

„ Walter, Bp. of, pro Richard de Rodeneye, 

and Lucy, his wife 32 Edw. I, 99 

„ Bp. of, pro Bath Priory. Inq, ad q, d. 

33 Edw. I, 240 
„ Walter, Bishop of, pro decan' of St. Andrew's 

church, Welk. Inq, ad q. d. 34 Edw. I, 179 
„ Bishop of, John de Drokensford 3 Edw. Ill, 41 

„ Bishop of, Ralph 22 Edw. Ill, 69* 

Ralph, Bishop of 32 Edw. Ill, 36* 

„ Ralph, Bishop of, pro William and 

Margaret le Bole 37 Edw. Ill, 20'' 

„ John, Bishop of 45 Edw. Ill, 66* 

Baudryp, Adam 28 Edw. I, 97 

Baumfeld, Walter, arm. 18 Edw. IV, 32 

Bavaria, Matilda, wife of William, Duke of Bavaria, daughter 

and heir of Henry, Duke of Lancaster 

Ist part, 36 Edw. Ill, 37 
Baynton, Beynton, John, mil. ' 5 Edw. IV, 30 

„ Robert, of Farleston, mil. attainted 15 Edw. IV, 43 

Bays, Robert, clericus, appreeiaiion ierrarum 7 Rich. II, 89 

Beauchamp, William de, see Goumay, Matthew de 
„ John de, see Meriet, John. 

„ John, see Scoland, Franco de. 

„ John de, see Seymor, Cecilia. 

„ John, see Cecilia Turbervile. 

„ Bello Campo, John de 12 Edw. I, 30 

„ John de 14 Edw. I, 25 

„ John de, pro CapelF de S. Nich' de Stoke 

super Hameldon. Inq, ad q, d, 30 Edw. I, 72 

„ Cecilia de 14 Edw. II, 38 

John de 10 Edw. Ill, 42 

„ John, and Margaret 17 Edw. ill, 58 



88 Papers^ 8fc. 

Beauchamp, John, son and heir of John, of Somerset, 

probatio cbUaUs 24 Edw. Ill, 135 

„ John, of Somerset 26 Edw. Ill, 30* 

William de 29 Edw. Ill, 24 

„ Margaret, wife of John de Ist part, 35 Edw. [II, 35 

„ John 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 36 

„ William, chev., pro Matthew de Goumey 

48 Edw. Ill, 7* 
„ John de, of Lillisdon, chev., pro Abbot of 

Athelnej 6 Rich. U, 156 

„ William, arm. 7 Hen. V, 61 

Richard de, Earl of Warwick 17 Hen. VI, 54 

„ Isabella, formerly Countess of Warwick 18 Hen. VI, 3 

„ Thomas, mil. 22 Hen. VI, 31 

„ Henry de, Duke of Warwick 24 Hen. VI, 43 

„ Anna, dau. of H., Duke of Warwick, 

messuages in Bristol 28 Hen. VI, 33 

„ Margaret, wife of John, arm., nidi Un. ierr, 

37 Hen. VI, 38 
Beauford, see Somerset, Earls of. 

„ Henry, s. and h. of John, Earl of Somerset 

3 Hen. VI, 18 
Beaumont, Beaumonte, Isabella, wife of William, arm. 

2 Hen. VI, 28 

„ Beaumond, Thomas, mil. 29 Hen. VI, 30 

„ William, arm. 32 Hen. VI, 28 

„ Beamont, Philip 13 Edw. TV, 50 

Becket, Richard, arm. 14 Hen. IV, 11 

Bedford, John, duke of 14 Hen. VI, 36 

Bel, Robert le 40 Hen. Ill, 18 

Bello Campo, see Beauchamp. 

Benet, William, Capellanus 38 Edw. IH, 44* 

„ Thomas, lands of John Delyngton, retinere possU, 

5 Rich. II, 89 
Benpine, Margaret, wife of Thomas 10 Hen. IV, 23 

Bercham, Isolda, see Clerc, Isolda. 



On the Inquisitianes Post Mortem for Somerset, 89 

Bere, Richard da la, pro Edmund Everard, parson of 

Colstreworth 2 Edw. Ill, 38* 

„ Richard do la 19 Edw. Ill, 34 

Bergevenny, Lord of, John de Hasty nges 18 Edw. 11, 83 

Berkeley, Berkelay, Thomas de, pro Prioress of Boclond 

Inq. ad. q. d, 34 Edw. I, 178 

„ Maurice de 9 Edw. I, 27 

„ Berkele, Thomas de 11 Edw. I, 117 

„ John de, de Erljngham 14 Edw. II, 24 

„ Thomas de 15 Edw. II, 46 

,1 Maurice, son of Thomas de, manca 1 Edw. Ill, 54 

„ Berkele, Thomas de, pro Priory of St. John 

of Jerusalem 18 Edw. Ill, 6* 

„ „ Thomas de, and Katherine of Ule 

Istpart, 35 Edw. Ill, 11 
„ ,1 Thomas de, chev. 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 12 

„ „ Thomas Ist part, 35 Edw. Ill, 124 

„ Berkle, Maurice, son of Thomas de, chev. 42 Edw. Ill, 12 

„ Catherine, wife of Thomas de, chev. 9 Rich. II, 10 

„ Berkele, Catherine, wife of Thos. de, mil. 12 Rich U, 160 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Maurice, chev. 13 Rich. II, 1 

„ Cecilia, wife of Nicholas de, chev. 1 7 Rich. II, 5 

„ Maurice de, inquit. ad inquirend, 18 Rich. II, 109 

„ Berkelee, Thomas de, chev., and Margaret, his wife 

5 Hen. V, 50 
„ Maurice de, chev. 1 Hen. YI, 23 

„ John, chev. 6 Hen. VI, 50 

„ Maurice, of Beverston, co. Glouc, mil. 

38 and 39, Hen, VI, 57 

„ Maurice, mil., of Ulegh 4 Edw. IV, 29 

„ Maurice, of Beverston, mil 14 Edw. IV, 41 

„ John, arm. 19 Edw. IV, 40 

BerkeroUes, William, pro Abbey of Clyve. Inq. ad q, d, 

20 Edw. I, 108 
Berlegh, Thomas, and James Husse, chev., placita 8 Rich. Q, 116 
Berliche, prior of 14 Rich. II, 120 

Bennondseye, Abbot of, de placUa 5 Hen. V, 60a 

FoL XLI V (Third Series, Vol. I VJ, Part II. m 



90 Papers^ Sfc. 

Bersiles, Besyles, Mathias 24 Edw. I, 2 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Matthew de 8 Edw. II, 3d 

f, BesilleB, Thomas, chev. 3 Rich. II, 6 

„ Besyls, John, son of John, a. and h. of Thomas, chev. 

7 Rich. II, 18 

„ Catherine, wife of Thomas de, chev. 7 Hen. IV, 33 

Peter, mil. 3 Hen. VI, 28 

„ Besyles, Peter, chev. 14 Hen. VI, 42 

„ Besylys, John, nuU, ten. terr, 37 Hen. VI, 22 

Bettesthorne, John 22 Rich. II, 6 

„ John de, pro Chantry of Meere 22 Rich. II, 99 

Bcttevill, William 18 Edw. Ill, 45* 

Bevyle, Agnes, wife of John, arm. 20 Hen. VI, 10 

Bikcombe, Hugh, arm. 38 and 39 Hen. VI, 44 

Bikeley, Bykeleye, William de 13 Edw. I, 15b 

„ Bikeleye, William 35 Hen. Ill, 49 

Bingham, William de 7 Edw. II, 16 

„ Byngham, William de 30 Edw. Ill, 28b, 60 

Blakenale, John de, see Atte Mulle, John. 

Blakett, Margaret, wife of John, chev. 8 Hen. V, 38 

Blaunchesale, Prioress and nuns of, per Bagge, Cecilia, 

and Robert, her son, Inq, ad, q, d, 9 Edw. I, 79 
Bluet, Joan, see Level], Joan. 

„ John, arm, 3 Edw. IV, 25 

„ Walter, arm. 21 Edw. IV, 56 

Blund, David le 17 Edw. II, 53 

„ John de 48 Hen. Ill, 5 

Blunt, Edmund, arm. 8 Edw. IV, 50 

„ Simon, s. and h. of Edmund, arm. 16 Edw. IV, 79 

Bochard, Anne, now wife of Thomas Latymer 3 Hen. IV, 30 

Boclond, Abbess of, per Thomas de Berkelay. Inq, ad q. d 

34 Edw. I, 178 
„ see also Bokeland. 

Bodecle, Robert Fromond, parson of 11 Rich. II, 97 

Bodrugan, Henry, arm. 3 Edw. IV, 39 

4 Edw. IV, 64 
„ 5 Edw. rV, 61 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 91 

Bohun, Alianora, daughter and heir of Humphry de, 
see Gloucester, Alianora 
,, of Kilpeck, Joan de 1 £dw. Ill, 81 

„ Humfrey de, Earl of Hereford and Essex, 
and Joan, his wife, dau. of Rich., 
Earl of Arundel 46 Edw. Ill, 10 

„ Alianora, daughter of Henry, see Gloucester, 

Duke of, Thomas 21 Rich. II, 29 

Bokelond, Thomas de, see Meryet, John. 

„ Boukeland, Matilda, wife of Thomas, chev. 21 Rich. II, 5 

„ see also Boclond. 

Bole, William and Margaret, see Bath and Wells, Bishop o£ 

„ Alice, wife of Thomas 9 and 10 Edw. IV. 36 

Bolevyle, Nicholas de,chiv. pro Prior of Taunton 14 Edw. Ill, 48* 
Boleyn, Thomas, and John Trevenaunt, clerici, pro 
Dean and Chapter of Cathedral of 
Wells, Inq. ad quod. dam. 27—33 Hen. VI, 25 
Boneham, Thomas, arm. 13 Edw. IV, 41 

Bonvil, Bonevile, Lady Elizabeth, see Harington, Elizabeth. 
,, Bonville, Elizabeth, see Stucle, Elizabeth, 
„ „ Nicholas 48 Hen. Ill, 37 

„ Bonevill, Hawisia, wife of Nicholas, Also 
Jnq. p, m. of said Nicholas, who died 
first — said Hawis was previously wife 
of Thomas de Pyne 23 Edw. I, 44 

„ Boneville, William, for Guide de Brian 4 1 Edw. Ill, 27* 
„ Bonevyle, William 41 Edw. Ill, 45* 

„ Bonevyll, John, and Elizabeth, his wife 20 Rich. II., 11 
„ Bonvile, William, chev. 9 Hen. IV, 42 

„ „ William, son of Thomas 14 Heu. IV, 12 

„ Boneville, Margaret, wife of William 1 Hen. V, 34 

„ Bonevile, William, arm. 4 Hen. VI, 9 

„ „ John, arm. 4 Hen. VI, 19 

„ „ Alice, wife of William, chev., formerly 

wife of John Rodenay, chev. 4 Hen. VJ, 34 

„ Boneville, William, mU., of Chilton 1 Edw. IV, 37 

„ „ Thomas, arm. 6 Edw. IV, 46 



92 Papers^ Sfc. 

Bonvil, Bonvyle, John, sen., arm., of Dylyngton 1 Rich. Ill, 17 

„ Bonevyle, John, arm. App. 9 Hen. VII, 2 

Bonham, Walter 16 Edw. IV, 69 

Bosco, John de 3 Edw. II, 42 

Boteler, John, mil. 17 Edw. IV, 25 

„ James, Earl of Ormond 7 Hen. V, 49 

„ James, Earl of Ormond 6 Rich. 11, 15 

., Alianor, Countess of Ormond 37 Edw. Ill, 24 

James, Earl of 31 Hen. VI, 11 

„ Botiller, James le, Earl of Ormond 7 Rich. II, 13 

„ „ Elizabeth, wife of James le, Earl of 

Ormond, assignation doHs 8 Rich. II, 102 

„ „ Elizabeth, wife of James, Earl of 

Ormond 13 Rich. II, 5 

„ John of Hoke, attainted 12 Edw. IV, 21 

Boter, John 31 Edw. Ill, 13* 

Botreaux, William, and Elizabeth, see D'Aubeneye, Ralph. 
„ Lord of, see Stafford, John. 

Reginald de 20 Edw. Ill, 7 

„ Botereux, William de 28 Edw. Ill, 76 

,, Botreux, William, chev., pro Nicholas 

de Cadebury 35 Edw. Ill, 7* 

„ William de extenta ierrofrum 5 Rich. U, 71 

„ William, sen., chev. pro John Bakhous 

and Alice, his wife 14 Rich. 11, 75 

„ William, sen., chev, 1st part, 15 Rich. II, 6 

„ William de, chev., and Eliza))eth, his wife 18 Rich. II, d 

William chev., who died 18 Rich. IL 13 Hen. IV, 17 

„ William, s. and h. of William de prohatione 

etatis 13 Hen. IV, 48 

Elizabeth, wife of William, mil., defunct 12 Hen, VI, 24 

„ William, mil., pro priory of Bath 38 and 39 Hen. VI, 61 

William, mil. 2 Edw. IV, 15 

„ Margaret, Lady, wife of Robert Hungerford 

18 Edw IV, 40 
Boupoyne, Thomas 5 Hen. IV, 40 

Bourne, Alice 14 Edw. IV, 9 



On the Inquisitimies Post Mortem for Somerset, 93 

Boyl, Nicholas, Vicar of Redeclyve, see Lyouns, Thomas. 
Bradeneye, Joachim do 17 Edw. II. 50 

SimoQ de 4 Edw. Ill, 109* 

Bratton, Peter 2nd part, 16 Rich, II, 37 

„ Thomas, & and h. of Peter de, probatio etatis 

22 Rich. II, 124 
„ Peter de 2nd part, 16 Rich. II, 142 

„ Thomas 38 and 39 Hen. VI. 37 

„ John 5 Edw. IV, 1 

„ John, son of Simon 6 Edw. IV, 60 

Braunche, Joan 8 Edw. I, 1 

„ Andrew, s. and h. of Nicholas, probatio eUUis 

7 Edw. Ill, 46 

„ Andrew, chev., pro Robert Adymot 19 Edw. Ill, 20* 

„ Andrew 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 98 

„ Thomas, son of Andrew 34 Edw. Ill, 58 

„ John, per Philip Bryene, chev. 11 Rich. II., 80 

Brembill (Brombill), Agnes 10 Rich. II, 124 

Brent, Robert, mil. 9 Hen. V., 25 

Bret, Ralph le 10 Edw. I, 9 

Brewere, William, and William Barwe, pro priory 

of Bruton 7 Rich. II, 106 

Brian, Guido de, see Boneville, William. 

„ see also Bryen. 
Brice, Richard, and Edith, see Erlegh, John de 
Bridgwater, Hospital, St. John, see Redemore, Henry de. 
„ Hospital of, see Redmore, Henry. 

„ St. John's Hospital, see Walsymgham, John de. 

„ Hospital of St John, see Fitz James, Thomas. 

„ Hospital, St. John, see Cadecote, Thomas de. 

„ Hospital of St. John Baptist of. Inq. ad, q. d. 

12 Edw. I, 64 
„ Master of the Hospital of St. John at, 

acquired from Robert Wigbere 1 Edw. Ill, 106* 
„ Hospital of St. John Baptist 3 Rich. II, 95 

„ St. Mary's Church, per John de Sydenham 

2nd part, 16 Rich. II, 101 



94 Papers^ Sfc. 

Bridport (co. Dorset), Brudeport, John do, see 
Abbotesbury, Abbot of. 
„ Brudeport, William de 2 Edw. II, 74 

Bnstol, All Saints, see Excestre, Phillip of. 20 Rich. II, 67 

„ Bailly, Richard, chaplain 45 Edw. Ill, 64* 

„ Mayor of, per John Barstable 18 Rich. II, 70 

„ Mayor of Ist part, 16 Rich. II, 45 

„ Inquis. de depretatione navium A Hen. VI, 23 

„ „ ad inquirend. libertatis 47 Edw. Ill, 89* 

„ „ de custuma, etc. 13 Edw. I, 122 

„ Carmelite Brothers of Bristol, per John de 

Villa Torta 17 Edw. I, 35 

„ Gloucester homines liberi fuerunt theolonio 

apud Bristol Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 66 

„ Gaunt College, Master of, for a Chantry in 

Bristol. Inq. ad. q. d, 30 Hen- VII, 1 

„ Holy Cross Chapel in, see Atte Berough, Peter 

2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 80 
„ „ Chaplain of, see Dyare, Wm. 

2nd part, 16 Rich. II, 46 
„ Kalend, De statu domus priorat' de. fnq. ctd, q, d, 

18 Hen. VI, 2 
„ Knights' Templars (Fratres malicie Templi) 37 Hen. Ill, 38 
„ St. Augustine's Priory (or Abbey), Henry, 

Presidens de 45 Edw. Ill, 72* 

see Atton, John de 32 Edw. Ill, 28* 

„ „ „ Gornay, John de 26 Edw. Ill, 35* 

„ „ Lyons, Edmund 4 Edw. Ill, 115* 

„ „ „ Panes, Richard 16 Edw. II, 149 

St. John's Church, see Cowely, William 13 Rich. II, 83 

„ „ Knyghton, John 13 Rich. II, 118 

„ „ Hospital, see Burne, Wm. de 32 Edw. I, 141 

„ „ „ „ „ Inq. ad q, d. 

33 Edw. I, 196 
,, St. Nicholas, see Wylkyns, John, sen. 6 Rich. H, 137 

„ St. Thomas, see Cheddre, Robert 6 Rich. II, 101 

,, ■„ „ Fortescue, John. Inq. ad. q. d. 

38 Hen. VI, 7 ^ 



On the Inquisitiones Past Mortem for Somerset, 



95 



Bristol, Tenements, etc, in, see Bardeye, Thomas 

Cannings, William 



24 Edw. I, 44 
8 Edw. IV, 65 
Gloucester, Thomas, Duke of 

21 Rich. II, 121 
Oyene, Robert 27 Edw. Ill, 52 

London, John de 

App. 14 Edw. Til, 8 
Malverne, Thomas 7 Hen. V, 38b 
Middleworth, John 21 Rich II, 77 
Say, James, Lord of 29 Edw. VI, 1 1 
Thorp, John 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 13 
Warwick, Anna, dau. of 

Henry, Duke of 28 Hen. VI, 33 



Britache, John 
Briwes, Robert de 

„ Brywes, John de 
Briweton, Prior of 
Brok, Nicholas, pro Abbey of Muchelney 

„ Henry de 
Broke, John, son of Henry de la, senior 
Brombill, see Brembill. 
Brooke, Broke, John le 

„ Thomas, chev. 

„ Joan, wife of Thomas, mil. 

„ Booke (sic) Thomas, mil. 

y, Edward, of Cobham 
Broughton, Phillippa, wife of John Dynham 
Broun, Walter, and Margareti see Basset, John. 
Bruere, Bruare, Lady Joan 

„ Priory of, William Michel, pro. Inq, ad, q,d. 19 Edw. I, 36 
Brumpton, Church of St. Andrew, per Peter de 

Deverey. Inq. ad. q. d. 34 Edw. I, 186 

Brunger, Richard 31 Edw. Ill, 58 

Brut, Walter le 4 Edw. I, 22 

Bruton, Priory of, see Barwe, William. 

„ „ „ Wellesegh, Philip. 

„ )» 9» Merston, John de. 



15 Edw. I, 20 

4 Edw. I, 46 

21 Edw. I, 32 

40 Hen. Ill, 12 

2nd part, 15 Rich II, 36 

18 Edw. II, 72 

1 Edw. Ill, 43 



22 Edw. Ill, 26 

6 Hen. V, 54 

15 Hen. VI, 62 

17 Hen. VI, 32 

4 Edw. IV, 26 

5 Edw. IV, 18 

49 Hen. Ill, 5 



96 Papers^ 8fc. 

Bruton, Priory of, see Mersshton. 

„ Brueton, Prior of, Thomas, Bp. of Exeter, pro. 

28 Edw. I, 115 
Bryen, Guido, chev., pro Priory Albe Aule de Ivelchester 

48 Edw. Ill, 30* 
Brian, aee Boneville, William 

Bryene, Guido Miles 48 Edw. Ill, 34* 

„ Brien, Philip, chev. 10 Rich. II, 7 

„ Philip, chev., pro John Braunche 1 1 Rich. II, 80 
„ Brien, William, chev. 20 Rich. II, 8 

„ William, chev. 22 Rich. II, 12 

„ Joan, wife of William, chev., 

asstgncUione dotia 21 Rich. II, 4 

Brysford, rector of 4 Rich. II, 125 

Buckland, see Boclond and Bokelond. 

Bukyngham, Henry de 41 Edw. Ill, 37* 

Bulbek, John, see Thome, Henry. 

Bullesdon, Thomas, arm 13 Edw. IV, 37 

Burcy, Robert deest Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 5 

Bures, John de 24 Edw. Ill, 101 

Burghershe, Burgherssh, Bartholomew, sen. 29 Edw. Ill, 44 

„ Barthol., aee Despenser, Edward de. 

Burgo, John de 3 Edw. I. 66 

„ John de 8 Edw. I, 9 

Burne, William de, pro Master of St John's Hospital 

at Bristol 32 Edw. 1, 141 

,, William de, pro St. John's Hospital, Bristol. 

Inq, ad q. d. 33 Edw. I, 196 

„ William de, pro Abbot of Glaston. Inq. cut q, d. 

34 Edw. I, 207 
Burnell, Philip 22 Edw. I, 45 

„ Robert, Bp. of Bath and Wells 21 Edw. I, 50 

„ Edward, and Alice, his wife 9 Edw. IT, 67 

„ Bumel, Alice, wife of Edward mil. 37, Edw. Ill, 14 

„ „ Alina, wife of Edward 40 Edw. Ill, 1 1 

„ John 48 Edw. IH, 4 

„ Nicholas, chev. 6 Rich. II, 20 



On the Inquisltiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 97 

Burnell, Hugh, chev., lord of Holgote and Weolegh 8 Hen. V, UC 
„ Agnes, widow of Triatram 19 Edw. IV, 36 

Bush, Ralph, arm., hreve tantum 19 Hen. YI, 1 

„ Ralph, arm. 20 Hen. VI, 26 

Butler, see Boteler. 
Bygod, Roger le. Earl of Norfolk, and Marshall of 

England, and Alice, his wife 35 Edw. I, 46 

Byrte, John 18 Edw. IV, 38 

Cadebury, Nicholas de, see Botreux, William. 
Cadecole, Thomas de, magister hospital St. John, 

Bridgewater, tenere possit. 6 Rich. II, 83 

Caille, als Keyle, William 44 Edw. Ill, 15 

Campo Florido, Matthew de. Inquis. manca and 

imperfecta 2 Edw. II, 60 

Cannings, William, licenc. dandi ad cantar. in BiistoU 

8 Edw. IV. 65 
„ Canynges, William, of Bristol 6 Edw. IV, 57 

Cannington, Prioress of, see Fitzpayn, Robert 

„ Priory, see Crosse, Robert. 

Cantelo, Emma, a daughter and heir of John de, 

probatio etcUis 29 Edw. Ill, 69 

Canterbury, see Cauntebregg. 

„ John, Archbp. of, see Peytevyn Walter. 

Cantilupe, George de 1 Edw. I, 16 

„ Cantilupo, William de 16 Edw. I, 68 

Cappes, Elizabeth, wife of Robert 13 Edw. IV, 60 

Robert 16 Edw. IV, 13 

Carant, Catherine, wife of William 13 Edw. IV, 30 

„ Carente, William 22 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ William, arm. 16 Edw. IV, 46 

Carbonel, Peter 2 Edw. Ill, 35 

Carminowe, Catherine, wife of Thomas de, 

cusignatione dotis 13 Rich. II, 105 

Cary, John, see Pontyngdon, Thomas. 

„ Henry, vicar of Lockyng, and Robert Atte Nye, 

pro Prior of Worspryng 5 Edw. Ill, 154* 

„ Thomas 30 Edw. Ill, 37 

Vol. XL! V (Third Series, Vol. IV), Pari IL n 



98 Papers^ Sfc 

Gary, Edmund 45 £dv. Ill, 10 

„ Edmund Ist part, 49 Edw. UI, 20 

„ John, chev.^ /oria/dicL 11 Rich. II, 136 

„ John, chaplain 7 Hen. VI, 52 

Catecote, Walter 6 Hen. lY, 8 

Caucy, Matilda 34 Edw. Ill, 57 

Caudel, Adam, see Redmore, Henry. 

Caune, Herbert de 34 Edw. I, 143 

Cauntebregg, Matilda de 6 Edw. Ill, 47 

Cauntelo, John de Ist part, 23 Edw. Ill, 47 

Caunvyll, John, arm. 29 Hen. VI, 32 

Cauxe, Walter 19 Hen. VI, 14 

Cave, Philip 11 Edw. IV, 43 

Cayner, Robert 22 Edw. Ill, 6* 

Cervington, Servington, William de 39 Edw. Ill, 39* 

„ Oliver, arm. 7 Hen. V, 45 

„ Serv3mgton, David, arm. 35 Hen. VI, 5 

Chalcote, William 1 Rich. Ill, 4 

Chalers, Matilda, wife of John, mil., defuncti 11 Edw. FV, 25 

Champernoun, Richard, son of Thomas, kin and 

heir of Elizabeth, wife of Robert 

Herle, probcUio ettUis 40 Edw. Ill, 83 

„ Campemoun, Otto 1 Hen. VI, 44 

„ Champemoon, Joan, wife of Hugh, arm. 

2 Edw. IV, 13 
„ „ Hugh, arm. 22 Edw. IV, 32 

Champflour (Chamiioar), John de, feoffavit Geofrey 

de Wroxhale 19 Edw. HI, 40* 

„ John, son of John 28 Edw. Ill, 35* 

Champoins, Henry 4 Edw. IV, 8 

Chapei, John, and Baldwin Walvesford 1st part, 15 Rich. U, 67 

Charterhouse, Priory of, per Edmund, Earl of 

Cornwall. Inq. ad q. d. 13 Edw. I, 52 

Cbastelyn, Thomas, see Wjke, Joan. 

Chastillan, Alanus de 17 Edw. U, 2 

Chaumbre, John de la, of Whyttukkesmede 9 Edw. H, 26 

Chebeseye, William, see Courtenaj, Hugh de, jun. 



On the Inquisittones Post Mortem for Somerset, 99 

Chedder, Cheddre, Robert, pro Priory of Witham, 

tenements in Bristol 50, Edw. Ill, 48"^ 

„ Gheddre, Robert, for two chaplains, in 

St Thomas, Bristol 6 Rich. II, 101 

„ Thomas, arm. 21 Hen. VI, 55 

„ Chodder, Isabella, widow 16 Edw. IV, 67 

Chediok, John, chev. 3 Hen. Y, 58 

„ Chediocke, John, chev. 1 Hen. YI, 64 

„ Alianora, wife of John, mil., defunct 12 Hen. YI, 38 

„ Chidyoke, John de 11 Rich. II, 14 

„ Chediok, John, sen., miles 12 Rich. II, 10 

„ Chydiok, John, mil. 28 Hen. YI, 26 

Chelworth, Robert, /a«t*t« 18 Edw. lY, 20 

Cherleton Makerell, 9m Horsy, John. 

William de 4 Edw. Ill, 30 

„ William de, pro Priory of Bermandeseye 

24 Edw. Ill, 38* 
Cheyny, Nicholas de, and Alianora his wife 20 Edw. II, 51 

William, chev. 19 Edw. IH, 49 

„ Oheyne, Edmundus de,^ ei hcer, Wm. de 

Cheyne, probcUio <Btaiis 21 Edw. Ill, 83 

„ William, chev. 8 Hen. Y, 46 

„ Cecilia, wife of William, mil, and Edmond, mil. 

9 Hen. YI, 42 
„ Cecilia, daughter and heir of Edmond, mil. 

9 Hen. YI, 53 
„ Margaret, wife of William, mil. 21 Hen. YI, 37 

Chichester, Thomasia, wife of John 5 Hen. lY, 36 

Childfrome, see Hardy, John. 

Chiltenham, Nicholas de, pro Abbey of Kayneshan 34 Edw. T, 90 
Chittemc, John de 6 Edw. Ill, 7 

Chodder, »ee Chedder. 

Choke, Richard, mil. 1 Rich. Ill, 40 

„ Chokke, Margret, widow of Richard 2 Rich. Ill, 38 

Chubbeworthe, Robert de 7 Edw. Ill, 7 

Chubley, Roger, /eto 33 Hen. Ill, 3 

ChurchuU, John de 56 Hen. Ill, 38 



100 Papers y §•<?. 

Chute, Elizabeth, see Lortj, John de. 

Clare, Richard de, Earl of Gloucester and Herts 47 Hen. Ill, 34 
„ Gilbert de, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford 24 Edw. I, 107 
„ Joana, wife of Gilbert de. Earl of Gloucester 

and Hertford 35 Edw. I, 47 

„ Gilbert de, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford 8 Edw. II, 68 
Clarence, Lionel, Duke of, and Elizabeth, his wife 

1st part, 43, Edw. Ill, 23 
„ Margaret, Duchess of 18 Hen. YI, 73 

„ George, Duke of, attainted, and Isabella, 

his wife 18, Edw. IV, 46 k 47 

Clerc, Isolda, daughter and heir of Peter le, wife of 

Koger Bercham 5 Edw. I, 57 

Clevedon, Richard 3 Rich. II, 164 

„ Olyvedon, Edmund, mil., see Hogshawe, 

Edmund. 
„ Olyvedon, Matthew de, see Dammory, 

Richard. 
„ Clyvedon, Richard de 49 Edw. Ill, 77 

„ „ Edmund de 50 Edw. Ill, 14 

„ „ Richard, extenia terrarum 5 Rich. II, 70 

Clive, Abbot of, see Pyron, Hugh. 

„ Clyve, Abbey of, William Berkeroles, pro. 

In. ad. q. d. 20 Edw. I, 108 

„ Clyve Abbey, per Gilbert de Wolavyngton. 

In. ad. q. d. 27 Edw. I, 82 

„ Clyve, Abbot of 3 Edw. IH, 99* 

Clopton, Christiana, wife of Richard 14 Hen. lY, 13 

Cobham, John, of Biakeburgh) chev. 12 Rich. II, 12 

„ Reginald, sen., chev. 4 Hen. IV, 34 

Coffyn, Emma and Isabella 51 Edw. Ill, 7 

Cogan, William, chev., see de la Haye, William. 

„ John de 30 Edw. I, 29 

„ Thomas de 8 Edw. 11, 60 

„ Richard, chev. 42 Edw. Ill, 15 

„ William, chev., and Isabella, his wife 6 Rich. XL, 22 

„ John, son and heir of Willianiy chev. 12 Rich. II, 9 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 101 

Cogan, Elizabeth, wife of William, mil. 8 Hen. Y, 102 

Coke, Henry 15 Edw. IV, 62 

Coker, Thomas de, pro Prior de Monteacuto 28 Edw. I, 137 

„ William 18 Edw. Ill, 84* 

„ Agnes, wife of Robert 7 Hen. V, 42 

„ Robert and Michaela, his wife 9 Hen. Y, 49 
(This is entered under Robert Derby, 
but she is the same person as next 
entry.) 

„ Michaela, wife of RobeH, arm. 4 Hen. VI, 38 
Cole, John, and Margery, %ee Erleigh. John de 

Colne, Hugh de 14 Edw. Ill, 37* 
Colshill, ColshuU, John, who married Elizabeth, 
a daughter of Edmond Cheyne, 
mil., son of Cecilia, wife of 
William Cheyney, mil., prohtUio 

eUUis. 17 Hen. VI, 70 

„ John, mil. 1 Rich. lU, 42 

Columbariis, Philip de 46 Hen. Ill, 12 

Philip de 6 Edw. I, 5 

„ John de. Inq, ad q. d. 27 Edw. 1, 71 

„ John de 34 Edw. I, 54 
„ Philip de, and Alianora, his wife, pro 
Lodowic de Kemmeys, parson of 

Combe Martin 1 Edw. Ill, 82* 

„ Philip de 16 Edw. Ill, 60 

„ Alianoi-a, wife of Philip 16 Edw. HI, 51 

Philip de 16 Hen. VI, 68 
Cornwall, Edmund, Earl of, pro Pnory of 

• Charterhouse. Inq. ad q. d. 13 Edw. I, 52 

„ Edmund, Earl of 28 Edw. I, 44 

Corscombe, Elias de, see Wellislegh Philip de. 

Corstbn, John, pro Abbey of Malmesbury 13 Rich. II, 127 

Coumbe, John de, chev. 45 Edw. Ill, 1 2 

Courteney, Curtenay, John de 2 Edw. I, 27 

„ Hugh de 20 Edw. I, 38 

„ Hugh de 20 Edw. I, 133 



102 Papers y Sfc. 

Courteney, Hugh de, jun., feoffavit Robert Pil 

and William Chebeseye 9 Edw. Ill, 61'^ 

„ Hugh de, Earl of Devon 14 Edw. HI, 27 

„ Thomas de, chev. Ist part, 36 Edw. Ill, 48 

„ Thomas de, chev. 39 Edw. HI, 48^ 

„ Hugh de, son and heir of Thomas 

Ist part^ 43 Edw. IH, 24 
„ Thomas de Ist part» 43 Edw. HI, 70 

„ Emelina, wife of Edward, daughter 

and heir of John D'Aunay 45 Edw. Ill, 15 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Hugh de Ist part, 49 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ Hugh de. Earl of Devon 51 Edw. Ill, 6 

„ Hugh de, Earl of Devon 1 Rich. II, 12 

„ Margaret, wife of Hugh de, Earl 

of Devon 1st part, 15 Rich. II, 16 

„ Peter, chev. 6 Hen. IV, 38 

„ Philip, chev. 7 Hen. IV, 51 

„ Richard 3 Hen. V, 49 

„ Cortney, Edward, Earl of Devon 7 Hen. V, 75 

„ Hugh, Earl of Devon 10 Hen. V, 29b 

„ Richard, Bishop of Norwich 3 Hen. V, 49 

„ Hugh, who died temp. Henry IV. 1 Hen. VI, 63 

„ Hugh, chev. 3 Hen. VI, 30 

„ Anna, Countess of Devon 19 Hen. VI, 40 

„ Humphry, mil. .35 Hen. VI, 14 

„ Thomas, Earl of Devon 36 Hen. VI, 38 

„ Joan, wife of Humphry, mil. 1 Edw. IV, 8 

„ Philip, mil, 3 Edw. IV, 29 

Coweley, William, pro John Knyghton and Richard 
de Leycestre, Chaplains in St. John's 
church, Bristol 13 Rich. II, 83 

Craucumbe, Simon de 1st part, 23 Edw. Ill, 1 

Crikelade, Elizabeth, traverse 6 Edw. IV, 55 

Crikkad, Elizabeth 5 Edw. IV, 11 

Cristesham, Nicholas, pro Thomas Hore, magistro 

burgi de Welles 18 Rich. II, 97 

Crome, John, see Wylkyns John. 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 103 

Cropenhully Robert and Margaret, of Pen- 

delesford 33 Edw. Ill, 20* 
Crosse, Robert, parson of Spaxton, pro Priory 

of Oanyngton 5 RicL II, 81 

Crukern, Richard de, Chaplain 33 Edw. Ill, 23* 
„ Crokehom, John, formerly of South 

Perot 28 Hen. VI, 17 

Crukct, William de 7 Edw. II, 35 

Cryspyn, Joan, wife of William 13 Edw. II, 24 

Cultura, Juliana de 40 Hen. Ill, 10 

Cuture, Robert de la 60 Hen. Ill, 14 

Dammory, John 33 Edw. I, 52 

Richard 4 Edw. Ill, 13 

„ Richard, feoffavit Matthew Clyvedon 16 Edw. Ill, 20* 

„ Damory, Peter, /«fc 40 Edw. Ill, 3* 

Dando, or Dauno, see Anno, Gknifrey. 

Dansey, Daneseye, Richard (query if co. Som.) 38 Hen. Ill, 3 
„ Danteseye, Richard, pro Priory of Henton 17 Edw. I, 34 

„ Dauncy, John, chev. 20 Edw. Ill, 33 

„ Thomas 18 Edw. IV, 30 
Daubeney, D'Aubeneye, Ralph, pro William de 
Botreaux, and Elizabeth, his 

wife 44 Edw. IH, 37* 
„ jyAubeneye, Ralph, feoffavit Giles 

D'Aubeneye 45 Edw. Ill, 11* 
„ Daubenay, Giles and Alianorai his 

wife, (usignatio dotis 10 Rich. II, 12 

„ Giles, chev. 11 Rich. II, 20 
„ Alianora, wife of Giles, chev., assig- 

natio dotis 12 Rich. 11, 17 

„ Alianora, wife of Giles I Hen. IV, 54 

„ Giles, chev. 4 Hen. IV, 23 

„ John, son and heir of Giles 11 Hen. IV, 42 

„ Margaret, wife of Giles, chev. 8 Hen. V, 83 

Giles, mil. 24 Hen. VI, 26 

„ Alice, wife of John, mil 33 Hen. VI, 20 



104 Paper Sy S^c. 

Daubeney, William, arm., null ten. terr. 1 Edw. IV, 58 

Daubernonn, John, see St. Clair John, JU, John. 
D'Aumarle, William and Matilda, his wife 9 Edw. Ill, 30 

„ D'Aumerle, William, feoffavit Walter 

de Kynewardesleye, parson of 
Alvardeston 6 Edw. HI, 29*^ 

Daunay, D'Aunay, John, see Courtenay, Emilina. 

Nicholas 6 Edw. Ill, 79* 

„ Dauney, Sibilla. wife of John, chev., 

assignatio dotia 21 Edw. IQ, 82 

Dauncey, see Dansey. 
David, Henry, vicar of Clonford, pro Abbey of 

Keyne&ham Ist part, 16 Rich. II, 39 

Davillers, Bathus,^. John 5, Edw. Ill, 76 

De la Haye, William, tenuit de William Cogan, 

chev. 6 Rich. II, 95 

De la Lynde, John 1 Edw. I, 2 

„ Walter, pro Thomas de Lodelawe, 

delicencia feo/andi. Inq, ad q, d. 25 Edw. I, 63 
., Elias and Johanna, his wife 1 1 Rich. II, 35 

De la Mare, Robert, inheritance of Nicholas de 

Seymour 44 Edw. Ill, 23 

„ John, chev., pro Laurence Watyssche, 

chaplain of Frome 1 Rich. II, 125 

Delyngton, John, see Benet, Thomas. 

Dene, Agnes, wife of Adam de Ist part, 23 Edw. Ill, 32 

Denebaud, Philip 30 Hen. Ill, 8, 34 

„ -Denebaude, John 14 Rich. II, 18 

Denebonde, John, son and heir of Thomas 44 Edw. Ill, 84 

Derby, John, see Mershton, John de 

„ John, see Sancto Mauro, Nicholas de 

„ William, chaplain, pro Abbey of Mucheleneye 

32, Edw. Ill, 58* 
„ Anicia, wife of Stephen 8 Hen. V, 81 

„ Alice, null. ten. terr. 38 and 39 Hen. VI, 9 

Despenser, Hugh le and Elizabeth, relict of Giles 

de Badelesmere 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 169 



On the Inqnisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 105 

Despenser, Edward le, chev , and Elizabeth, his wife, 
daughter and heir of Bartholomew 
Barghershe 2nd part, 49 Edw. Ill, 46 

Deverey, Peter de, pro Church of St Andrew's, 

Brampton. Inq. ad. q. d. 34 Edw. I, 186 

Devon, Thomas, Earl of, 8ee Moyle, Walter. 
„ Earl of, ffM Stafford, Humphry. 
„ Earl of, $ee Courtney. 
Doddesham, William 20 Edw. IV, 78 

Dodington, Dodjmgton, John, sen. 22 Hen. YI, 4 

„ John, wdL ten. ierr. * 2 Edw. lY, 24 

„ Dodyngton, Philip 1 Rich. Ill, 7 

Dore, Roger and Johanna, his wife, see Inge, Johana. 
„ Roger and Joan, feofiayenmt Thomas Knoel 

47 Edw. ni, 24* 
„ Joan, wife of Roger 6 Rich. II, 34 

Dorset, Isabella, wife of John Neyill, Marquis of 17 Edw. lY, 33 
Doumere, John de {tfide Rot. Fin. a"" 18 Edw. II, 

m. 5) 18 Edw, II, 74 

Dourborgh, Hugh 2 Rich. II, 79 

Dovebande, Thomas 1st part, 36 Edw. lU, 61 

Draycote, Robert de 21 Edw. I, 23b 

„ John de Ist part^ 35 Edw. Ill, 71 

„ Simon 1st part, 49 Edw. Ill, 35 

Drokenesford, John de, Bishop of Bath and Wells 3 Edw. HI, 41 

John de 3 Edw. HI, 48* 

„ John de 15 Edw. HI, 40 

„ Thomas de 1st part, 36 Edw. Ill, 54 

Dryfford, Richard, rector of, plaeiia 6 Rich. II, 113 

Dubbe, Richard, of Horfy (sic) pro Abbey of 

Muchelnye. Inq. cut q. d. 18 Edw. I, 69 

Dudmerton, John de, Chaplain pro Priory of 

Baa. Inq. ad q. d. 5 Rich. II, 104 

Dunster, Robert, bailiff of 47 Edw. Ill, 77* 

Durant, Avelina 5 Edw. IT, 58 

Richard 7 Edw. Ill, 21 

„ Duraunt, Thomas 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 146 

Vol XLl V (Third Series, V<A. IV), Part 11, o 



106 Papers^ tfc, 

Durburgh, John de 26 Edw. Ill, 48 

Durcote, John 4 Hen. V, 8 

„ Richard, son and heir of John, probatio 

eUUi8 5 Hen. Y, 70 

Durdent, NichoUu 21 Edw. I, 21 

Durneford, William de, see Faucumberge, Matilda de 
Durvill, Eustace de, Jdo 8 Edw. I, 70 

Dyare, William, pro Chapel of Holy Trinity, Bristol 

2nd part^ 16 Rich. II, 46 
Dynham, Phillippa, see Broughton, Phillippa. 

„ Dyneham, Oliver 27 Edw. I, 42 

„ Joceus de. Also assignment of dower of 

Margaret, widow of said Joceus 29 Edw. I, 56 

„ John de, pro Matilda de Moleton 2 Edw. Ill, 97^^ 

„ John de 6 Edw. Ill, 59 

„ Djmeham, Margaret, wife of John, 

tueiffnaUo dotU 6 Edw. HI, 82 

OUver de 16 Edw. Ill, 17 

„ Margaret, wife of John de App. 36 Edw. Ill, 131 

„ John de, mil 6 Rich. II, 28 

„ Dinham, Matilda, wife of John, mil. 7 Hen. lY, 24 

„ John, mil. 7 Hen. YI, 56 

„ JohH, mil. 36 Hen. YI, 39 

Echingham, William. (Ohorlebery manor, co. Surrey, 
in calendar, but should be Cheselb' 
manor, co. Som.) 37 Hen. Ill, 57 

Edington, Edyndon, Gilbert de 1st part, 36 Edw. Ill, 67 

„ Edyngton, Thomas son and heir of 

Gilbert, probatio etaiis 37 Edw. Ill, 95 

Edward, John 19 Edw. Ill, 4* 

Elyndon, Thomas de 5 Edw. I, 8 

Engayne, Yital' 33 Hen. Ill, 70 

Henry 54 Hen. Ill, 46 

Erie, Elizabeth, wife of John de 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 77 

Erleigh, Erlegh, John de 17 Edw. II, 62 

Erleye, John de 11 Edw. Ill, 11 

y, John, son and heir of John de, probatio etatis 28 Edw. Ill, 71 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 107 

Erleigh, Erlegh, John de, pro John Cole, of Brids^.] 44 Edw. Ill, 42* 
water, and Margery his wife / 45 Edw. Ill, 9* 
„ „ John de, feoffavit Rich. Brice and Edith 

hifl wife 45 Edw. Ill, 17* 

£rlestoke» Thomas, parson of Fissherton, pro Priory 

of Witham 1 Rich. II, 89 

Essex and Hereford, Earl of, see Bohun, Humfrey de. 
Esheleye, Walter de 30 Hen. Ill, 19 

Euerti, Peter de, and Isabella his wife 18 Edw. II, 54 

Everard, Edmund, cler., see ^'^^^re, Richard de la, and Everard, 
Waiiam. 
William 7 Edw. I, 5 

Edmund 15 Edw. II, 43 

William 17 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ William, pro Edmund Everard, parson of 

Colstreworth 2 Edw. Ill, 87* 

„ Edmund, mil. 44 Edw. Ill, 26 

„ Patricius 50 Edw. Ill, 40* 

Exeter, Dean and Chapter of St Peter's, set Stapeldone, Thomas de. 

„ Thomas, Bp. of, pro Prior de Brueton 28 Edw. I, 1 15 

„ Excestr., Philip, of Bristol, pro Vicar of All Saints, 

Bristol 20 Rich. II, 67 

„ John, Duke of 25 Hen. VI, 25 

„ Ann, Duchess of 36 Hen. VI, 41 

„ Anna, Duchess of, sister of the King, subsequently 
wife of Thomas Selenger (St. Leger), arm. 

15 Edw. IV, 36 
Fagg, John 29 Edw. I, 27 

„ Fag, Marmaduke 34 Edw. Ill, 64 

Faucomberge, Matilda, wife of William de 

1st part, 23 Edw. Ill, 56 
„ Matilda de, pro William de 

Dumeford 7 Edw. Ill, 58* 

Fauconer, John le 15 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ John 1st part, 15 Rich. II, 102 

Felde, Richard de la 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 80 

Fenlis, John de 5 Edw. Ill, 29* 



108 Papers^ 8fc. 

Fenys, Margaret, see Hervey, Margaret 
Fermour, Thomas, pro Abbey of Glastonbury, 

Inq. ad. quod dam, 0. Hen. VI, 32 

Ferrers, Joan de 37 Hen. Ill, 21 

„ Robert, chev. 1 Hen. V, 26 

„ Edmond, of Charteleye, mil. 14 Hen. VI, 33 

„ William de, mil., of Charteley 28 Hen. VI, 22 

Fichet, see Fytchet. 

Fil. Bernardi, John Unoertain, Hen. Ill, 183 

Fil. Galfrid de Rumesye, J6hn,/atutL8 27 Edw. I, 101 

Fitz Herberd, Reginald 33 Edw. Ill, 115* 

„ Edmund, chev., and Joan, his wife 10 Rich. II, 18 

„ Fitzherbert, Reginald le 20 Edw. Ill, 48 

Fitz James, Thomas, pro Hospital of St John, Bridgwater 

23 Edw. Ill, 41* 
„ John , 16 Edw. IV, 35 

Fil. John le Parker, William, pro Priory of Looo Dei 

of Henton. Jnq. ad q. d. 33 Edw. I, 256 

Fil. Maurice, Maurice of Berkle 21 Edw. Ill, 51 

Fitz Ours, Ralph, chev. 24 Edw. Ill, 79 

Fil. Pagani, Robert 9 Edw. I, 23 

„ Robert, and Isabella his wife 9 Edw. II, 63 

Fitz Payn, Robert le, licencia feoffandi, pro John de 

Maundevill. Inq. ad. q. d. 33 Edw. I, 182 

„ Robert, for Prioress of Canyngton 6 Edw. Ill, 94* 

Ela, wife of Robert 30 Edw. Ill, U 

Robert, and Ela his wife 28 Edw. Ill, 41 

„ Robert, chev. 1st part, 16 Rich. II, 12 

Fil. Peter, Reginald 14 Edw. I, 18 

„ Joan, wife of Reginald, de lie feofamdL 

pro Petro and Reginaldo filius 
Reginaldi 28Edw.1, 144 

„ Joan, wife of Reginald, \8ee also 28 Edw. I. 

168, and 30 Edw. I, 150] 31 Edw. I, 99 

„ Reginald, Joan de Vinonia, wife of FiL 

Reginald, Peter and Ranald, #ef 
FU. Peter, John 8 Edw. II, 42 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 109 

Fil. Reginald!, Peter 20 Edw. II, 40 

„ Reginald 2 Edw. Ill, 40 

Fitz Reynaud, Peter 16 Edw. II, 57 

Fil. Richard, John (Robertus de Muscegros) 35 Hen. Ill, 40 

Fil. Robert, Peter, pro Bath Priory 33 Edw. I, 231 

Fil. Roger, Nicholas 46 Hen. Ill, 9 

„ Henry, pro Thomas de Panes 17 Edw. Ill, 61* 

„ Henry, pro Order of Brothers of Holy 

Cross, near the Tower, London 23 Edw. Til, 29* 
„ Fil. Rogger, Henry, and Elizabeth his 

wife 26 Edw. Ill, 'cl 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Henry, mil. 11 Rich. II, 25 

Fitz Waryn, William 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 87 

„ Falco, chev. Ist part, 15 Rich. II, 23 

„ Fitz Warin, Fuloo, s. and h. of Fulco, chev. 

9 Hen. IV, 36 
„ Fitz Wareyn, Fulco 13 Hen. IV, 44 

„ Anna, wife of Fuloo, s. and h. of Fuloo, 

agaigruUio dotia 14 Hen. IV, 20 

„ Ivo 2 Hen. V, 38 

„ Fitz Warin, Fuloo, and Anna his wife 8 Hen. V, 106 

„ Fitz Waren, Fuloo, chev., Lord Fitz Waren 

19 Edw. IV, 76 
Fitz Wauter, Phillippa, see York, Phillippa, Duchess of. 
Fissherton, parson of, see Erlestoke, Thoma& 
Fitelton, John 14 Hen. VI, 22 

Flemmyng, William, cler., see Merland, Henry. 
Flory, Richard de 3 Edw. Ill, 92* 

„ Floiye, John Ist part, 15 RicL II, 22 

„ John 18 Hen. VI, 61 

Ford, Adam de la, pro Capellano de la Ford 33 Edw. I, 105 

„ GapeUano de la, pro Adam de la Ford 33 Edw. I, 105 

„ Forde^ Cristina, wife of Adam de la 3 Edw. Ill, 59 

„ Forde-juxtarBath, Thomas de, pro Priory of Bath 

21 Edw. Ill, 66* 

„ „ Henry de, pro Priory of Bath 25 Edw. Ill, 56* 

Foraeux, John de 9 Edw. Ill, 19 



110 Papers^ ^c. 

Fortescue, John, mil., pro Si Thomas, Bristol, 

Inq, ad q, dam, 38 Hen. VI, 7 

Frances, Nicholas, arm. 21 Edw. IV, 20 

Frankeleyn, John 3 Rich. II, 74 

Fraunceys, Henry 35 Hen. VI, 12 

Freebody, William, and Clemencia his wife, 

assignatio dof-is. 11 Rich. II, 24 

Frere, Joan, wife of Henry le 1st i»art, 36 Edw. Ill, 68 

Frome, chaplain of, 8€e De La Mare, Thomas. 

„ Reginald de (and Margaret his wife) 7 Edw. Ill, 13^ 

„ Edith, wife of Roger de 8 Hen. Ill, 45 

Fromond, Robert, 11 Rich. II, 55 

„ Robert, parson of Bodecle. 11 Rich. II, 97 

Frye, William 20 Edw. IV, 41 

Fulford, Baldwin, mil., null, ten, terr, 1 Edw. IV, 31 

Furaeux, Simon deest 2 Edw. Ill, 149^ 

„ Fumeauz, Simon de 33 Edw. Ill, 19 

Fychet, Thomas, chev. pro Abbey of Nyweham 18 Edw. Ill, 72* 

„ Ricarda, wife of Thomas, chev. 14 Rich. II, 23 

„ Thomas, chev. 1st part, 15 Rich. II, 21 

„ Fitchet, Thomas, son of Thomas, chev. 19 Rich. II, 24 

Fyenes, William de 30 Edw. I, 33 

Fysers, Matilda, wife of Ralph, mil. 12 Rich. II, 19 

Galhampton, (?) §ee Gylampton. 

Gardener, Peter, parson of Meriet, pro Dean and 

Chapter of Wells 6 Rich. II, 144 

Garton, John 61. Hugh de, see Heyron, Marg. 

„ John de Ist part, 36 Edw. Ill, 81 

„ John de, of Erith 50 Edw. Ill, 27 

Gascoigne, WiUiam 1 Hen. VI. 56 

Gatecoumbe, William do 32 Edw. Ill, 71* 

Gaunter, Elizabeth, wife of John, defunct 14 Edw. IV, 7 

Gayton, Hugh 17 Edw. IV, 10 

Gerarde, William, niUL ten, terr, 22 Hen. VI, 50 

GifFard, Osbert^ and Alice Murdac 31 Hen. Ill, 41. 

„ Walter, Archbishop of Vork 7 Edw. I, 22 

Gilbert, Gilbert, and Gylampton, Thomas for Tholomeus atte 

Riscin and others 46 Edw. Ill, 43b^ 



On the Inquisiliones Post Mortem for Somersets 111 

Gilbert, Gylbert, John 34 Hen. YI, 6 

Glamorgan, Peter, pro William le Wayte 27 Edw. Ill, 36 

„ Nicholas de Ist part, 36 Edw. Ill, 82 

Glastonbury, Abbot of, per William de Bume. 

Inq. ad. q. d. 34 Edw. I, 207 

„ Abbey of, see Fermour, Thomas. 

,, „ „ Middel worth, John. 

„ Abbot of, see Penbrugge, Magr. Hugh de. 

„ „ per John and Emma de Percy. Inq, 

ad. q. d. 11 Edw. I, 61 

„ „ see Tilly, William. 

„ „ „ Wambergh, Robert de 10 Edw. II, 81 

„ „ „ Wanberghe, Kobert de. 

„ Abbey of. Inq. ad. q. d. 13 Edw. I, 64 

„ Abbey, per William Pasturel. Inq. ad. q. d. 

33 Edw. I, 208 
Gloucester, Thomas, Duke of, and Alianora his wife, dau. 
and L of Henry de Bohun, Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex 21 Rich. II, 29 
„ Thomas, Duke of, nvU. ten. terr. 21 Rich. II, 121 
„ Alianora, wife of Thomas, Duke of, dau. and 
h. of Humphry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 

1 Hen. IV, 60 
Gloucester and Hertford, Earl of, see Clare 
Godelee, Hamelinus de, pro decano St. Andrew, 

Wells 35 Edw. I, 117 

„ Hamelinus de, pro Dean and Chapter to 

St. Andrews, Wells 4 Edw. Ill, 74* 

Godeslond, John de 47 Edw. Ill, 14 

Godwyne, William de, of Mnchelney, pro Abbott 

of Muchelneye 6 Edw. Ill, 100^^ 

„ Godewyn, William 21 Hen. VI, 26 

Goldclyve, Prior of 11 Edw. Ill, 26* 

„ Prior of, pro Archid. de Taunton 15 Edw. Ill, 68* 

Gorges, Ralph de 17 Edw. II, 65. 

„ Theobald, mil. and Agnes his wife. 

assignatio doHs 4 Rich. II, 28 



112 Papers^ 8fc. 

Gorges, Ralph, s. and h. Theobald, chev. 5 Rich. II, 26 

„ Bartholemew 20 Rich. II, 26 

„ Agnes, wife of Theobald 2 Hen. IV, 17 

„ Thomas 5 Hen. IV, 17 

„ Theobald 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 59 

,. Richard, arm. 20 Edw. IV, 93 

Goumay, Matthew de, see Beauchamp, William 

„ Thomas de, of Harptre 17 Edw. Ill, 25 

„ John de, obey., of EnoUe, pro Priory of 

St Augastine, Bristol 26 Edw. Ill, Z5^ 

„ John, mil. 38 Edw. Ill, 55 

„ Matthew, mil. 38 Edw. Ill, 61 

„ Matthew de, mihf feoffavii William de Beaucham, 

mil. 3Rich. II, 110 

„ Gnmey, Robert de 53 Hen. Ill, 23 

„ Gumeye, Oliva de 24 Edw. I, 28 

„ Goumeye, Thomas de 13 Edw. Ill, 37* 

„ Goumey, Matthew de 30 Edw. Ill, 64 

„ Goumeye, Alice, wife of Matthew, chev. 7 Rich. II, 39 

„ Goumey, Matthew, and Phillippa, his wife 13 Rich. II, 81 

Govytz, William of Lotte8ham,/e2o. Ist part, 15 Rich. II, 89 

Grandisson, William de 9 Edw. Ill, 35 

„ Grandison, Peter de 32 Edw. Ill, 32 

„ Graunson, Thomas de, chev. Ist pt 49 Edw. Ill, 62 

„ Grauntsoun, John de, feoffiivit John de 

Monte Acuto 40 Edw. Ill, 9* 

Grene, William de la, $ee Eeynsham Abbey 

„ William, arm 6 Hen. VI, 19 

Greyndour, Robert, arm. 22 Hon. VI, 34 

Greynevill, Henry de 3 Edw. Ill, 25 

Gryndenham, Richard, chaplain 4 Rich. II, 63 

Guldene, Henry le, and Elizabeth his wife 8 Edw. Ill, 55 

Gundewyne, Richard, pro Abbot of Eejmesham 20 Edw. Ill, IG^" 
Gunter, Roger, arm. 16 Hen. VI, 16 

„ John, arm. 13 Edw. IV, 61 

William 2 Rich. Ill, 6 

Gyene, Robert, of Bristol 27 Edw. Ill, 52 



On the Tnquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 113 

Gylampton, Thomas, see Gilbert, Gilbert 

Gyvemay, Richard 1 Edw. Ill, 78* 

Hacche, Henry, see Hayt, John 

„ Robert, formerly Abbot of Athelney, 

retimre posni 20 Rich. II, 120 

„ Hacher, Robert, formerly Abbot of 

Athelneye, reUnerepossU 18 Rich. II, 85 

Haddon, Henry de 22 Edw. Ill, 33 

„ Alianora, de 1st part 35 Edw. Ill, 96 

Hadley, Alexander, arm. 20 Edw. IV, 56 

Hall, Hale, John,/«fo. 13 Rich. II, 67 

„ Halle, William 10 Hen. VI, 6 

„ Nicholas 18 Edw. IV, 33 

Hallowey, Thomas, for Chapel in All Saints, Bristol 

Inq, ad quod. dam. 20 Hen. VI, 20 

Hamme, Peter de 15 Edw. II, 6 

Peter de 16 Edw. Ill, 32 

Peter U RicL II, 28 

Hampton, William de 30 Edw. I, 44 

PhUip 18 Hen. VI, 17 

Handlo, John de 20 Edw. Ill, 51 

Hankford, Hankeford, Richard 7 Hen. V, 70 

William, mil. 2 Hen. VI, 32 

„ Hankeford, Richard, mil., and Anna his wife 9 Hen. VI, 54 

H „ Elizabeth, d. and h. of Richard, mil 

12 Hen. VI, 40 
Harding, John, non compos mentis 12 Hen. IV, 39 

Hardy, John, Parson of Childfrome 18 Edw. Ill, 38* 

Harewelle, John, Bishop of Bath, 51 Edw. III^ 20* 

„ Harwell, John, Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, pro vicar and nine chor- 
ister boys there 1 Rich. II, 119 
„ Harewell, John, Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, ^iobere possU 3 Rich. II, 76 

Harington, Robert de, chev. 7 Hen. IV, 55 

„ Haryngton, John, chev., and Elizar 

beth, his wife, etssigfuUio doiis 6 Hen. V, 25 

Vol, XLI V (Third SerstM, Vol, I Vj, Part IL p 



114 Papers^ §•{?. 

Harington, Haryngton, William, of Aldingham, 

mill, nuU. ten. terr. 36 Hen. YI, 20 

„ Elizabeth, Lady of, wife 

of William Lord Bonevile 1 1 Edw. IV, 64 

Hastings, John de 6 Edw. II, 56 

„ Hastyngea, John de, Loixl of Ber- 

geveny 18 Edw. II, 83 

„ Hastynges, Laurence de. Earl of Pem- 

broke 22 Edw. Ill, 47 

„ Hastynges, Agnes, wife of Lanrenoe, 

Earl of Pembroke Ist part, 35 Edw. Ill, 102 

„ Hastynges, Agnes, wife of Laurence de 42 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ „ John de, Earl of Pembroke 

Ist part, 49 Edw. Ill, 70 
„ Hastinges, John, son and heir of John 

de, Earl of Pembroke 13 Rich. II, 30 

„ Hastynges, Phillipa, wife of John, son 

of John de. Earl of Pembroke, 2 Hen. IV, 54 

Haulegh, John de, and Agnes, his wife 34 Edw. Ill, 23 

Hauteyn, Hamo de 18 Edw. I, 104 

Haye, Cecilia de la, of Herteslegh. Inq, ad, q. d. 17 Edw. II, 237 
„ Cecilia de la 14 Edw. Ill, 2 

Hayt, John, cler., and Henry Haoche, pro Abbey of Atheleneye 

48 Edw. Ill, 4* 
Helier, John, s and h. of PhilUpp, FcUuus and Idiota 7 Hen. Y, ?0 
Henton, Priory of, see Norton St. Philip. 

„ „ Richard Danteseye, pro. Inq ad, q, d, 

17 Edw. I. 34 
„ Priory of Loco Dei, per William fil. John le Parker. 

Inq, ad, q, d, 33 Edw. I, 256 

Hereford and Essex, Earl of, vee Bohun, Humfrey de. 
Herle, Elizabeth, wife of Robert, see Chambemoun, Richard. 
Hertele, Alice, wife of Adam de 2 Edw. II, 55 

Hertford and Gloucester, Earls of, see Clare. 
Hervey, Margaret, wife of John, formerly wife of 
William Fenys, Lord of Say, 
defunct 7 Edw. lY, 45 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 115 

Heyle, John, df! hereditate heredis Elie de Albiniaoo 3 £dw. II, 4 
Heyron, John de, and Emma, his wife 20 £dw. II, 36 

„ John, of Enefeld 9 Edw. Ill, 36 

„ Margaret^ feoffavit John ill. Hugh de 

Garton 11 Edw. Ill, 79* 

Hill, Robert, of Spaxton 1 Hen. VI, 31 

Hille, John, of Spaxton 13 Hen. YI, 36 

„ John, probatio ekUis 24 Hen. YI, 53 

John 34 Hen. YI, 17 

Ralph, null. ten. terr, 15 Edw. lY, 2 

Robert, arm. app. 9 Hen. YIT, 3 

Hillary e, Margaret, auBter and heir of Nicholas 

Lord Andley 12 Hen. lY, 36 

Hody, Alexander, mil. 1 Edw. FY, 34 

Hogshawe, Edmund, son of Thomas mil., heir 

of Edmund Clyvedon, mil. 12 Rich. II, 25 

Holand, Matilda, see Lovell, John. 

„ Thomas de. Earl of Kent, and Alice his wife 20 Rich, II, 30 
„ Thomas, Earl of Kent, and Alice his wife 22 Rich. II, 21 
„ Richard, s. and h. of John de. Earl of 

Huntingdon 4 Hen. Y, 50 

Hole, Henry atte, vicar of Sowy, see Pembrigge, Hugh. 
Holgote, see Bumell, Hugh. 

Holne, William, and Hugh de Loocombe 40 Edw. Ill, 34^^ 

Holte, John de, de herede Elie de Albiniaco 14 Edw. II, 21 

Holy Cross, near the Tower of London, Order of, see Fitz 

Roger, Henry. 
Homond, Robert, of Dunster 28 Edw. Ill, 23* 

Hore, Thomas, per Nicholas Cristesham 18 Rich. II, 97 

Horewode, Thomas de 18 Edw. Ill, 82* 

Horsey, Alianora, see Latymer, Alianora 

WUliam, manoa 1 Edw. Ill, 57* 

Horsi, Ralph de 15 Edw. HI, 19* 

Horsy, John de 11 Edw. Ill, 24 

„ Ralph 28 Edw. lU, 49 

Horcy, John 1st part, 49 Edw. Ill, 69 



116 Papers^ §*c. 

Horsey, Honiy, John, pro rector of Cherleton 

Mackerell 5 Rich. II, 84 

„ „ John 19 Rich. II, 99 

„ „ Waiiam, arm. 7 Hen. V, 27 

„ „ John, cbev. 1 Hen. VI, 20 

„ „ Joan, wife of William 9 Hen. VI, 19 
„ „ Alice, wife of John, mil. nuLL ten, 

terr., defunct 13 Hen. VI, 2 

„ „ Alice, wife of John arm., defunct 15 Hen. VI, 7 

„ „ William, mdivs inquvrendum 26 Hen. VI, 20 

„ Henry, arm. 1 Edw. IV, 26 

„ Thomas 8 Edw. IV, 32 

„ Thomas 17 Edw. IV, 46 

Horsledgh, Priory of, co. Gloucester 29 Edw. Ill, 62* 

Hull, Edward, mil, null. ten. terr, 32 Hen. VI, 41 

Hungerford, Margaret, see Botreaux, Margaret. 

„ Thomas de 21 Rich. If, 31 

„ Joan, wife of Thomas, chev. 13 Hen. IV, 33 
„ Walter, mil., for chapel in Church of 

Farley Hungerford, ad q, d. 22 Hen. VI, 13 

„ Walter, mil. 27 Hen. VI, 30 

„ Alianora, wife of Walter, mil. 33 Hen. VI, 35 

„ Robert, mil., sen. 37 Hen. VI, 1 7 
„ Robert, Lord, cUtairUed^ and Alianora his 
wife, who was dau. and h. to William 

Lord Hungerford 4 Edw. IV, 56 

„ Thomas, mil. 8 Edw. IV, 43 
Hunt. Walter, /c^ 43 Edw. III. 20* 

Huntelegh, Matilda, wife of John de 22 Edw. Ill, 22 

„ Huntelege, Thomas de 27 Edw. Ill, 39 

„ Thomas 45 Edw. Ill, 29 
Huntingdon, Earl of, see Holland, Richard. 

„ Elizabeth, wife of John, Earl of 4 Hen. VI, 32 

Huscarl, John, son of Ralph, probalio eUUU 15 Edw. I, 73 

Husse, James, chev., and Thomas Berlegh, placUa 8 Rich. II, 116 

lUari, John 7 Edw. Ill, 9 

Inge, John, chev., and Alice 20 Edw. 3, 46''' 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 117 

Inge, Joan, dan. and beir of John 41 Edw. Ill, 54"^ 

„ Joan, dan. and heir of John, and wife of Roger 

Dore 44 Edw. Ill, 77 

„ John 3 Hen. V, 13 

Ingelby, Thomas, /e^o {In'eve taniun) 9 Rich. II, 133 

Insula, Emma, wife of Jordan de Uncertain, Hen. J II, 64 

William de 22 Edw. I, 20 

Inweans, aliaa Ives, Ralph 56 Hen. Ill, 5 

Ivelcestre, Friars, preachers of 11 Edw. I, 73 

Ives, Ralph, see Inweans 

Jerard, John 6 Hen. VI, 31 

Jerusalem, Hospital of St. John, prior of 48, >]dw. Ill, 71 

„ Priory of St. John per William 

Wirkele 2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 68 

Judeus, Josephinus, Bristol 37 Hen. Ill, 34 

Juyn, John, mil, ntdl. ten, terr. 18 Hen. YI, 29 

Kayle, John and Thomas, see Poalet, Idonia 

„ Keyle, Caille alias, William 44 Edw. Ill, 15 

„ Kayl, John, and Elizabeth his wife 7 Rich. II, 48 

„ Kayll, Elizabeth, wife of John, assigruUione 

dotis 8 Rich. II, 82 

„ Thomas, son and heir of John 18 Rich. II, 26 

Kele, John, s. and h. of William 42 Edw. Ill, 80 

Kelly, John 5'Edw. IV, 24 

Kelwey, William, arm. 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 9 

Kemmys, Lodowick de. Parson of Combe Martin, see 

Columbariis,. Philip de. 

Kendale, Isobella, wife of John de 8 Hen. IV, 58 

Isabella, wife of John 2 Hen. V, 17 

„ John, s. and h. of John, probeUione etatis 2 Hen. V, 53 

„ John 9 Hen. V, 59 

Kenne, John 6 Hen. IV, 20 

John 16 Hen. VI, 37 

„ Ken, Alice, wife of John 19 Hen. VI, 15 

„ Robert, arm. 31 Hen. VI, 6 

„ Kene, William, arm. 8 Edw. IV, 45 

„ John, s. and h. of Robert, probcUio etatis 12 Edw. IV, 57 



118 



Papers^ S^c. 



Kent, Earl of, see also Holand, Thomas. 

„ Edmund, Earl of, and Margaret his wife 

„ John, Earl of Kent 

„ Elizabeth, wife of John, Earl of 
Keryel, Cecilia, wife of Thomas, mil. 
Keynes, Isabella de 



„ Thomas de 
„ John, sen. 



4 Edw. m, 3« 
26 Edw. Ill, 54 
12 Hen. IV, 35 
12 Edw. IV, 51 
33 Edw. Ill, 26 
Ist part, 35 Edw. Ill, 107 
7 Hen. V, 69 

„ John, jun. 8 Hen. V, 95 

Nicholas 2 Edw. IV, 12 

Keynesham, Abbot of, see Gnndewyne, Richard. 
„ Abbey of, eee Mersheton, John de. 

„ Abbey, per Gilbert Amori, de Keynes- 

ham. Inq, ad q. d. 33 Edw. I, 225 

Abbey of, per Nicholas de Chiltenham 34 Edw. I, 96 
„ per Gilbert Amorey. Inq. 

ad q. d, 34 Edw. I, 129 

Abbot of 3 Edw. Ill, 84* 

„ perquitwit de William de la 
Grene, and John de Bagge- 
worth 4 Edw. ni, 102* 

„ per Robert Peytevyn 10 Rich. II, 77 

Abbey of, per Henry David, Vicar of 

Clonford 1st part, 16 Rich. II, 39 

Knoel, Thomas, see Dore Roger. 
Knovill, Gilbert de, see Luscote, Joan. 

„ Gilbert de, pro capellan' in eccl' de Pukynton. 

Inq. ad q. d. 29 Edw. I, 134 

GUbert de 7 Edw. II, 8 

„ John de, and Alice his wife 10 Edw. II, 20 

„ John de, see Archard, Thomas 32 Edw. Ill, 56 

Knyghton, John, see Coweley, William. 

„ John, cler., pro Rich. Wormbrugge, Parson 

of St. John's, Bristol 13 Rich. II, 118 

Kynewardesleye, see William Danmerle. 

ngston, Elizabeth 3 Edw. IV, 20 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 119 

Lacy, Henry de, Earl of Lincoln, and Margaret 

Longespe^, some time his wife 4 Edw. II, 51 

Lambroc, John de Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 67 

„ Lambrok, Robert 7 Hen. V, 68 

Lancaster, Matilda, dau. of Henry, Duke of, see Bavaria. 

„ Henry, Duke of Ist part, 35 Edw. Ill, 122 

Langeford, Roger de 3 Edw. TI, 43 

John de 17 Edw. HI, 18 

Langeleye, Priory of 2nd part, 16 Rich. TI, 4 

Langelond, Nicholas de 7 Edw. II, 14 

„ Langelonde, John, and Isabella his wife 3 Rich. II, 4 1 

Langhere, Thomas 15 Edw. IV, 13 

Langryche, John, nidi. ten. ttfrr, Ist part, 15 Rich. II, 39 

„ Langrych, John, nvU. ten. terr. 16 Rich. II, 161 

Lapene, John de, and Isolda, see Meriet, John de. 

Lasewell, John de, and Alicia his wife. Inq, ad q. d. 

34 Edw. I, 126 
Latton, John, preposUus of the town of Jevele, 

(Yeovil) 2nd part. 15 Rich. II, 136 

Latymer, Latimer, Wariuo le, see Warre, John la. 

„ Robert, chev, and Katherine his wife 5 Rich. IJ. 36 

„ Thomas, of Braybrok, chev., feofikvit John 

Middelton, Parson of Wardon 10 Rich. II, 70 

„ Thomas, chev. 2 Hen. IV, 51 

„ Anna Bochard, wife of Thomas 3 Hen. lY, 30 

Thomas 12 Hen. VI, 48 

„ Thomas 17 Hen. VI, 72 

„ Alianora, wife of Henry, formerly of 

Horsey 13 Edw. IV, 3 

Laundry, Cecilia, wife of Stephen Ist part, 36 Edve. Ill, 112 

„ Cecilia, wife of Stephen 37 Edw. Ill, 41 

Laurence, William 13 Rich. II, 128 

Lavynton, John de 46, Edw. Ill, 36 

Leddered, Nicholas de, see Pavcly, Robert de 
Ledeforde, John 23, Hen. VI, 49 

Lescrop, Phillippa, wife of Henry, chev. 8 Hen. IV, 54 

Leukenore, Catherine, see Arundel, Catherine 



120 Papers^ §*c*. 

Leversegge, Elizabeth, wife of Edmund 1 Hen. YI, 36 

„ Leverseg, Robert, arm. 4 Edw. IV, 31 

Levisham, John 8 Hen. Y, 57 

Leycestre, Richard, see Coweley, William 

„ Richard, pro parson of Staple 17 Rich. II, 113 

Lideyard, Joan de, and the Bishop of Bath and 

Wells 9 Edw. I, 80 

Lockome, John de 13 Edw. II, 27 

„ Loccombe, Hugh de, and William 

Holne 40 Edw. Ill, 34* 

Lodelawe, Thomas, see De la Lynde, Walter. 
London, John de, tenements in Bristol. App. 14 Edw. Ill, 8 

Long Ashton, see Spencer, William. 
Longe8pe6, Margaret, wife of Henry de Lacy, Earl of 

Lincoln 4 Edw. II, 51 

Lortyc, John de 5 Edw. Ill, 27* 

„ Lorty, John de, pro Elizabeth Chute, of Stan- 
ford 14 Edw. Ill, 3 
„ „ Matilda, wife of John, foi-merly wife of 

William Newton 7 Hen. V, 38a 

Louthe, Juliana, wife of Robert, fudgnatio doits 1 Rich. II, 51 

Lovell, Luvel, Henry 47 Hen. Ill, 1 1 

„ Luvell, Richard 48 Hen. Ill, 36 

Luvel, Hugh 19 Edw. I, 11 

„ James and Isabella 16 Edw. Ill, 33 

„ Lovel, John, chev., and Johanna who was wife 

of John Lovel, grandmother of 

21 Edw. Ill, 49 
„ „ John 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 136 

„ „ Richard, chev., pro Priory of Staverdale 

24 Edw. Ill, 10* 
„ », Richard, chev. 25 Edw. Ill, 63 

„ „ Isabella, wife of John 25 Edw. Ill, 62b 

„ John, son of John, mil. 1st part» 36 Edw. Ill, 109 

„ Thomas, arm. 2 Hen. IV, 34 

„ John, chev., and Matilda his wife, dau. of 

Robert de Holand 9 Hen. IV, 29 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 121 

Lovell, Joan, wife of Nicbolas and Joan Bluett 11 Hen. lY, 24 
„ Lovel, Matilda, wife of John, chev. 1 flen. VI, 61 

Lovenij, Walter de, and Joan his wife 7 Edw. Ill, 6"^' 

Lowes, William, felo 9 Rich. II, 101 

Lincoln, Alured de 48 Hen. Ill, 19 

„ Earl of, Henry de Lacy, Margaret Longespe^, 

sometime his wife 4 Edw. II, 51 

Lisle, Viscountess, ase Talbot, Joan. 

„ Lysle, John, Viscount 32 Hen. VI, 38 

Luccumbe, Parson of, see St. John, Alexander de. 
Luda, Thomas de, and Alianora his wife, pro Abbey of 
Abrodesbury (? Abbotsbury, Dorset). 
Inq, ad q. d, 33 Edw. I, 242 

Luscote, Joan, dau. and h. of Alice, wife of William de, 
and kin and heir of Thomas Archard, 
and kin and heir of Gilbert de Knovitt 

41 Edw. Ill, 79 

Lutcombe, Hugh de 16 Edw. II, 45 

„ Lutcumbe, John de, and Sibilla his wife 19 Ewd. II, 60 

Hugh de 19 Edw. U, 61 

„ Luttecoumbe, John, son of Hugh de 8 Edw. Ill, 37 

Lutte, John, null, ten. terr. 2 Edw. IV, 23 

Lutterell, Luterel, Hugh, chev. 6 Hen. VI, 32 

„ John, mil., and Margaret his wife 9 Hen. VI, 51 

„ James, mil 1 Edw. IV, 43 

„ Lutrell, Catherine, wife of Hugh, chev., 

cLsngnatio doUs 6 Hen. VI, 83 

„ „ Cathei-ine 14 Hen. VI, 30 

„ „ Margaret, wife of John, chev. 17 Hen. VI, 14 

Loterell, Elizabeth 15 Edw. IV, 57 

„ „ Elizabeth, wife of James App., 9 Hen, VII, 8 

Lutteswell, Thomas de 4 Edw. Ill, 56* 

Lynd, Alexander 20 Edw. IV, 81 

„ Lynde, de la, see de la Lynde. 
Lyons, Lyouns, William de 5 Edw. II, 63 

„ „ Adam de 6 Edw. II, 25 

„ Thomas de 1 Edw. Ill, 84* 

Vol. XL! V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Pari IL q 



122 Papers^ ifc. 

Lyons, de Aysshton, Edmund de, pro Abbot of St 

AuguBtines, Bristol 4 Edw. Ill, IIS"^' 

,, William de, feoffavit Thomas de Lyons 40 Edw. Ill, 48'^' 

„ Lyouns, William, son of Edmund 1st part, 43 Edw. Ill, 63 

„ „ Thomas, feoffavit Nicholas Boyl, 

Vicar of Redeclyve 45 Edw. Ill, 8* 

Thomas, pro Priory of St John, Wells 19 Rich. II, 86 

Mayott, William 1 Hen. V, 22 

Malet, Lucy, wife of Richard 44 Edw. Ill, 43 

„ Hugh 5 Edw. IV, 8 

Maleyns, Edmund, chev., and Isabella his wife 9 Rich. II, 37 

Malmesbury, Abbey of, per John Corston 13 Rich. II, 127 

Malverne, Thomas, tenements in Bristol 7 Hen. V, 38b 

March, Earls of, m« Mortuo Mari. 

Marisco, William de 12 Edw. I, 23 

Marland, John 3 Hen. V, 29 

Marlborough, Marleberghe, Thomas de 2 Edw. Ill, 81"^ and 91*^ 

„ Marleberge, William de 8 Edw. Ill, 63* 

Mamey, Christina, wife of John, mil. App., 9 Hen. VIII, I 

Marreys, Mareis, Herbert de I Edw. Ill, 34 

„ Stephen, chev., and Lucy his wife 5 Rich. II, 39 

„ Mareys, Lucy, wife of Stephen 9 Rich. II, 61 

Lucy, wife of Stephen 10 Rich. II, 87 

„ Stephen, chev. 14 Rich. II, 37 

Marshall, Earl, see Moubray, Thomas. 

„ Marescallus, William de 45 Hen. Ill, 34 

Mareschal, William le 20 Edw. I, 148 

Ralph 20 Edw. Ill, 36 

„ Walter, Earl of Pembroke 40 Edw. Ill, 53=^= 

„ „ Thomas, mil., appreciation terrarum 

9 Rich. II, 82 

„ Marchall, Thomas, chev., null, ten, terr. 11 Rich. II, 36 

John llEdw. IV, 28 

Marchall, Elizabeth 20 Edw. IV, 18 

Martyn, Martyne, William, son of William 19 Edw. II, 100 

Margaret, wife of William 33 Edw. Ill, 10 

„ Richard, extent. 21 Rich. U, 133 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 123 

Maundevill, John 4 Edw. I, 48 

Galfridde 11 Edw. I, 69 

„ John de, liceneia feoffandi^ pro Robert 

le Fitzpayn. Ing. ad q, d, 33 Edw. I, 182 

Mautravers, John 25 Edw. I, 33 

„ John, son of John Ist part, 23 Edw. Ill, 52 

„ Agnes, wife of John, sen. 2nd part, 49 Edw. Ill, 17 

„ John, chev., and Elizabeth his wife 9 Rich. II, 35 

„ John, chev., and Elizabeth his wife 10 Rich. II, 25 

,, Matravers, Alianora, wife of John 

Arundel, sen. 6 Hen. IT, 31 

Mayloysel, Dionisia, wife of Richard 3 Edw. I, 48 

Mede, PhUip 16 Edw. IV. 23 

Medicus, Jordan Date not known, App., Hen. Ill, 81 

Meere, Chantry of, see Bettesthome, John de 
Meriet, Matilda, wife of John, see Punchard, John and Alice 

Hugh de 20 Hen. Ill, 16e 

Nicholas de 47 Hen. Ill, 7 

„ Meriett, John de 13 Edw. I, 20 

„ John, 8. and h. of John de and Roger Basset 

and Ella his wife 30 Edw. I, 147 

John, lord of 1 Edw. II, 62, and 2 Edw. II, 2 

„ John, and Elizabeth his wife 1 Edw. Ill, 50 

„ G^rge de, and Isabella his wife 2 Edw. Ill, 48 

„ Meryet, Walter de, pro frat de Monte 

Carmel 15 Edw, HI, 58* 

„ Walter de, Clericus 17 Edw. Ill, 43* 

Meryet, Walter de 19, Edw. Ill, 55 

„ „ John de, chev., feoffavit, Robert 

Samborn, Parson of Meryet 36 Edw. Ill, 53* 
„ John, son of John, heir of John de 

Beauchamp 42 Edw. Ill, 40« and 81 

John, mil. 45 Edw. Ill, 45* 

„ John de chev. pro John de, Lapene and Isolda 

his wife 47 Edw. Ill, 84* 

„ Meryet, John de 48 Edw. HI, 81 

John, chev. 2nd part, 49 Edw. Ill, 15* 



124 Papers^ Sfc, 

Meriet, Meryet, John, chev., pro Thomas de Bokeland, 

chev. 3 Rich. II, 96 

„ John, chev., and Matilda his wife, formerly 

wife of Ralph Seymour, mil. Ist pt, 15 Rich. II, 48 
Merland, Merlaund, Henry de, deeat. 12 Edw. II, 24 

„ Merlaunde, Henry de 20 Edw. Ill, 20 

„ Henry, son of Henry de, feoffavit William 

Flemmyng, cler. 22 Edw. III. 17* 

„ Merlaund, Joan de 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 81 

„ Merlaunde, Henry de, and Joan his wife 45 Edw. Ill, 43 

„ Merlond, Margaret, wife of Henry 9 Rich. II, 38 

Mershton, Mersshton, John, pro Priory of Bruy ton 28 Edw. Ill, 6* 
„ John de, pro Abbey of Keynesham 34 Edw. Ill, 40* 

„ John de and John Derby, pro Priory of 

Witham 35 Edw. Ill, 18* 

„ Merston, John de, pro Priory of Bruton 36 &iw. Ill, 55* 

„ Mersheton, John de, pro Abbey of Key- 

nesham 37 Edw. Ill, 68* 

„ Merston, Emma, wife of John, formerly wife 

of Richard de la Ryvere 41 Edw. Ill, 41 

Merton, Mertone, Richard de 16 Edw. Ill, 44 

Richard de 47 Edw. Ill, 25 

Meysy, Robert, pro Priory of Staverdale 19 Edw. Ill, 39* 

Michel, William, pro Priory of Briiore. Inq, ad q, d, 19 E<lw. I, 36 
,, Simon and Thomas Atte Lode, placita 8 Rich. II, 104 

Middelneye, Ralph de 13 Edw. IIL 47* 

Middelnye, Ralph de 14 Edw. Ill, 41* 

„ Middelnay, Ralph de, chev., and Eliza- 

beth, feofiaverunt Jolin, Parson of 
Putteneye 29 Edw. Ill, 54* 

Middelney, Ralph de 37 Edw. Ill, 48 

„ „ John, retinere poasft 19 Rich. II, 120 

Middelton, John, see Latymer, Thomas. 
Middelworth, John, Parson of Wryngton, pro Abbot 

of Glastonbury 21 Rich. II, 77 

Milborn, Simon 4 Edw. IV, 12 

Miles, Richard 15 Edw. IV, 23 



On the Inqnhitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 1 25 

Modesley, Mcxlusley, Joan, wife of John 46 Edw. Ill, 37 

„ William, son and heir of Joan, wife of 

John 46 Edw. Ill, 88 

Moeles, Nicholas de, see Thornhull, Walter de 

„ Roger de 23 Edw. 1, 59 

„ Nicholas de, and Margaret his wife 9 Edw. I[, 60 

Johnde, UEdw. Ill, 56 

„ Margaret, wife of Nicholas 1 1 Edw. Ill, 57 

„ „ wife of Nicholas de 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 168 

Mohun, John de 7 Edw. I, 13 

William de 10 Edw. 1, 19 

„ John de 14 Edw. I, 23 

„ Mohoiin, John de 4 Edw. Ill, 35 

„ Joan, wife of John, chev. 6 Hen. IV, 33 

Moigne, Edmund 50 Edw. Ill, 82 

„ Edmund 6 Rich. II, 54 

Edmund 7 Rich. II, 53 

Moleton, Matilda de, see Dynham, John de 

Molyns, John de, chev. feoffavit, Walter de Notyngham, 

ClericuB 20 Edw. Ill, 1* 

„ Henry, jun., and Joan 34 Edw. Ill, 14* 

John 1 1 Rich. II, 38 

„ John and Ali(» his wife 12 Rich. II, 131 

„ Nicholas, son and heir of John, probatione 

etaUs 4 Hen. IV, 49 

Henry 7 Hen. IV, 39 

Montagu and Montacute, see Monte Acuto. 
Monte Acuto, John de, see Grauntsoun, John de 

„ Prior of, Thomas de Coker, pro 28 Edw. I, 137 

„ William de, and Elizabeth his wife 13 Edw. II, 31 

„ Marcus, Prior of 6 Edw. Ill, 127* 

„ William de, Earl of Salisbury 18 Edw. Ill, 51 

„ Ratherine, wife of William de, Earl 

of Salisbury 2nd part, 23 Edw. Ill, 58 

„ William, s. and h. of William, Earl of 

Salisbury 23 Edw. Ill, 97 

„ Elizabeth de 28 Edw. Ill, 39 



126 Papers, 8fc. 

Monte Acuto, William de, Ear) of Salisbury, pro 

Brian de Stapleton 42 Edw. Ill, 26^' 

„ Prior of, de iemporalibua 7 Rich. IE, 127 

„ Margaret, wife of John, mil. 18 Rich. II, 31 

„ William de. Earl of Salisbury 20 Rich. II, 35 

„ Thomas de, Earl of Salisbury. Itiq. 

super forufcuAuram 10 Hen. IV, 54 

„ Elizabeth, wife of William, Earl of 

Salisbury 2 Hen. V, 39 

„ Elizabeth, wife of William de. Earl of 

Salisbury 4 Hen. Y, 55 

„ Elizabeth, wife of William de, Earl of 

Salisbury, fnUius inquirend, 5 Hen, Y, 56 

„ Thomas, Earl of Salisbury 7 Hen. YI, 57 

„ Richard de, chev. 8 Hen. YI, 39 

„ John, Prior of the church of St. Peter 

and St. Paul at App., 1 Edw. Y, 1 

„ Mountague, William, arm. 1 Rich. Ill, 16 

Monte Alto, Milisenta de 27 Edw. I, 50 

Monte Carmel, Fmt. de, see Meryet, Walter da 

Montfort, Monte Forti, Henry de 32 Edw. I. 54 

„ Monntford, Richard, s. and h. of Henry, 

probatio cetatia, 6 Edw. II, 70 

„ Roger, outlaw 44 Edw. Ill, 45 

Morcestre, Richard de, Parson of Luccombe, eee St 
John, Alexander de. 
„ Richard de, and Alexander St. John, and 

Elizabeth his wife, placita 8 Rich. II, 114 

More, Stephen de la 2 Edw. Ill, 46 

„ John, arm. 20 Edw. IV, 69 

„ Richard of Pykyet, and Elizabeth his wife 11 Hen. YI, 26 

Mortimer, see Mortuo Mari. 

Mortuo Mari, Roger 33 Hen. Ill, 41 

,, Roger de, sen. 11 Edw. I, 28 

„ Robert de 15 Edw. I, 30 

William de 25 Edw. I, 36 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 127 



Mortuo Mari, Mortimer, William, and others, pro Prior 

de Monntagu 28 Edw. 1, 48, 137 

Matilda de 2^ Edw. I, 53 

Edmund, and Margaret bis wife 32 Edw. I, 63 

Matilda, wife of Hugh 1 Edw. TI, 59 

Margareta, wife of Edmund de 16 Edw. TI, 81 

Senior, Margareta, wife of Edmund d<) 8 Edw. HI, 19 
Roger de 34 Edw. IIT, 86 

Fhilippa, wife of Roger, formerly Earl 

of March 5 Rich. II, 44 

Roger de, Earl of March 22 Rich. II, 34 

Alianora, wife of Roger de, Earl of 

March 7 Hen. IV, 23 

Edmund de. Earl of March 3 Hen. YI, 32 

Anna, wife of Edmund, Earl of 11 Hen. YI, 39 
Morward, Henry le,/e^ 



Moubray, Thomas, Earl Marshall 



35 Edw. I, 51 
6 Hen, IV, 44 
8 Hen. lY, 76 
16 Hen. YI, 60 



„ Constance, Countess Marescall 

Moyle, Walter, for the use of Thomas, Earl of 

Devon 9 and 10 Edw. lY, 38 

Mucheldenere, Richard, pro Chaplain of Ryme 12 Rich. II, 157 
Muchelneye, Abbey of, see Willyng, William. 
„ „ „ Derby, William. 

„ Muchelney, Abbey of, see Rossydenek, Richard. 

„ Abbot of, see Godwyne, William de. 

„ Muchelnye, Abbey of. Rich. Dubbe of 

Horfy, pro. Jnq, ad q. d. 18 Edw. I, 69 

„ Muchelney, Abbey of, per Nicholas 

Brok 2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 35 

Multon, Matildis de 21 Edw. I, 25 

Munechene Barowe, Priory of, see Acton, Richard de. 

Murdac, Alice, and Osbert Giif'ard 31 Hen. HI, 41 

Muscegros, Robert de 38 Hen. Ill, 39 

„ John de 3 Edw. I, 23 

„ Robert de 9 Edw. I, 24 

„ Robert de, see fll. Richard, John. 



128 Papers^ 8fc. 

Muscegros, Robert 38 Hen. Ill, 39 

Musket, John, of Hescombe 25 Edw. Ill, 17 

„ William, pro John and Alianora Musket 33 Edw. Ill, 40"^ 

„ John, son of William 47 Edw. Ill, 23 

„ Alianora 9 Rich. U, 36 

Mutton, Margaret, wife of William, arm., formerly wife 

of John Sydenham, arm. 17 Edw. IV, 36 

m* It. mt^ ., f APP-. 8 Hen. VII, 2 

Mylbourne, Thomas, mil. [^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ 

Mynty, Ralph de, see Stonford, John. 
Newton, William, see Lorty, Matilda. 

William 31 Hen. VI, 14 

Emma 16 Edw. IV, 12 

Nevile, Hawisia de, de valore tantum Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 84 

„ Nevyle, John de 10 Edw. I, 22 

„ Nevill, Elizabeth, wife of John de, chev. 1 Hen. VI, 45 

„ „ Isabella, wife of John, Marquis of 

Dorset 17 Edw. IV, 33 

Newburgh, Novo Burgo, Robert 30 Hen. Ill, 33 

John 1 Rich. Ill, 41 

„ Nebourgh, John, null. ten. terr. 22 Hen. VI, 44 

Newbury, William 4 Hen. V, 35 

Newnham, Nyweham, Abbey of, see Fychet, Thomas. 
Nicol, John, felo 45 Edw. Ill, 10* 

Noneton, Baldricus de 3 Edw. II, 45 

Norfolk, Earl of, Roger le By god, and Marshall of 

England, and Alice his wife 35 Edw. I, 46 

Norman, Agnes 2 Rich. Ill, 27 

Northumberland, Alianora, Countess of 1 Rich. Ill, 26 

Norton, Jordan de./elo 55 Hen. Ill, 20 

„ Thomas de 20 Edw. Ill, 23 

„ Agnes, wife of Thomas, arm. 7 Hen. V, 40 

„ Thomas 28 Hen. VI, 13 

„ St. Philip, Qiles, Parson of, and John Talbot, 

pro Priory of Henton 36 Edw. Ill, 60* 

Norwich, Bishop of, see Courtnaye, Richard. 
Notyngham, Walter de, see Molyns, John. 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 129 

Novo Burg[o, see Newburgh. 

Nurse, Thomas, arm. App., 16 Jas. 1, 7 

Nye^ Bobert atte, see Carj, Henry. 

Olyvcr, Simon. Inq. ad q, d. 18 Rich. II, 112 

Orchard, Robert 1 Hen. V, 47 

„ William, and Richard his son 8 Hen. Y, 90 

Organ, Emote, heiress of Nicholas Wotton, defunct, 

probatio mtcUis 37 Hen. YI, 50 

Ormond, Earls of, see Botiller. 

Olhe, Thomas, ntdL ten. terr. 16 Hen. YI, 16 

Oultyng, Thomas, cler. for Chantry of Long Ashton, 

near Bristol 1 Rich. Ill, 50 

Ovill-Eyvill, William de 50 Hen. Ill, 30 

„ Ovile, William de^ and Joan his wife 33 Edw. I, 34 

Packere, Matthew le 21 Edw. I, 67 

Pagan, see fil. Fagani. 

Palton, Robert de 2 Hen. lY, 29 

„ William, mil. 28 Hen. YI, 28 

Panes, Richard de, of Bristol, for Priory of St Augus- 
tine's, Bristol Inq. ad q. d. 16 Edw. II, 149 
„ Thomas de, by Henry fil. Roger 17 Edw. Ill, 61* 
„ John fiL Robert de, idiota 2nd part» 36 Edw. Ill, 16 
„ John, son of Robert, faiuus el idiota 3 Rich. II, 48 
Pappeworthy William de, see Tournament^ John. 

„ Elizabeth, wife of William de, dau. and 

h. of John de Preston 2nd part, 35 Edw. Ill, 22 
„ William de, pro John de Stourton and 

Alice his wife 3 Rich. H, 148 

Park, Walter, see Wyke, Joan. 

„ Walter 2nd part, 35 Edw. Ill, 34 

Parys, William de 40 Hen. Ill, 17 

Pasturel, William, pro Abbey of Glastonbury. Inq. 

ad q. d. 33 Edw. I, 208 

Paulet, Idonea, wife of John 5 Hen. lY, 42 

„ John, chev. 16 Hen. YI, 49 

„ Pawlett, Isabella, wife of William, formerly 

wife of Thomas Rodeney 18 Edw. lY, 49 

Koi. XU V (Third Series, Vol. I VJ, Part II. r 



.130 Papers^ tfc, 

Paulet, Willi&m 1 Kich. Ill, 29 

Paunsefete, Walter, nvU. ten, terr. 20 Hen. VI, 5 

Paveley, John de 9 Edw. I, 21 

„ Pavely, John de 15 Edw. I, 60 

„ „ John de 19 Edw. II, 76 

„ Robert de, deest 1 Edw. Ill, 73* 

„ Tavely, Robert de^/eqffavii Nicholas Tryvet 

and N. de Leddered 5 Edw. in, 41* 

Payn, John 51 Edw. Ill, 27a 

„ Payne, John, of London, Armurer 2 Rich. If, 41 

„ Thomas, and Thomas Strete, retinere pasaitU 4 Rich. II, 67 

„ John, of London, Armorer (who died 49 Edw. 

Ill) 17 Rich, n, 66 

„ John, of London, Armourer 21 Rich. II, 45 

„ Payne, Thomas 26 Hen. YI, 20 

Paynel, Panell, William 33 Hen. Ill, 23, 32 

Peche, Nicholas 23 Edw. I, 132 

„ Peoche, Sabina 1 Edw. II, 6 

„ „ Nicholas 17 Edw. II, 21 

„ „ Thomas HI Richard 6 Edw. Ill, 46 

Pembroke, Earls of. gee Hastynges, and Marescall, Walter. 

Penbrigg, Hugh de. Chaplain 37 Edw. Ill, 64* 

„ Penbrugge, Magr. Hugh de, for Abbott of 

Glastonbury 10 Edw. Ill, 82* 

„ Penbrugg, Hugh 39 Edw. Ill, 13b* 

,1 n Hugo, for the Abbot and Convent 

of Glastonbury 39 Edw. Ill, 27* 

„ Pembrigge, Hugh, clericus, for Henry Atte 

Hole, Vicar of Sowy 46 Edw. HI, 28* 

Percy, John de and Emma his wife, pro Abbot of 

Glaston. Inq. ad q, d, 11 Edw. I, 61 

Percy valle, Ralph 17 Edw. IV, 9 

„ Percyvale, Richard 22 Edw. IV, 44 

Perham, John fil., John 6 Edw. Ill, 64 

Perrers, Alice 1 Rich. II, 30 

Person, John 27 Hen. VI, 6 

Roger 20 Edw. IV, 45 



On the Inquisiiiones Past Mortem for Somerset. 131 

Pever» Thomas, arm. 8 Hen. YI, 21 

Peverell, Nicholas 17 Eich. II, 62 

„ Margaret 1 Hen. YI, 43 

Pcytevyn, Peter 20 Edw. Ill, 12 

„ Walter, feoffawi John, Archbishop of Can- 

terbury 20 Edw. Ill, 28* 

„ Robert, pro Abbot of Keynsham 10 Rich. II, 77 

Pil, Robert, set Coortenay, Hugh de, junr. 

Pistore, Thomas, jnnr. 2nd part, 36 Edw. Ill, 19 

Planke, William de la, s. and. h. of William, prob<Uio 

etatis 20 Edw. Ill, 61 

Plcycy, Plexy, Nicholas de, chev. 31 Edw. Ill, 18 

„ Nicholas 2nd part, 36 Edw. Ill, 15 

„ John 8 Hen. lY, 63 

Plessetis, William de 2 Edw. I, 37 

„ Richard de 17 Edw. I, 21 

„ Margery, wife of Richard de 21 Edw. I, 9 

„ John de 7 Edw. II, 5 

Plukenet, Plugenet, Alanus de 27 Edw. I, 54 

„ Joan, wife of Alan 10 Edw. II, 25 

„ Plunkenet, Oliver 2 Edw. Ill, 1 

„ Sibilla, wife of Alan 27 Edw. Ill, 37 

Pokeswell, Elizabeth, see Tame, Elizabeth 

„ John, and Alianora his wife 7 Hen. lY, 40 

„ John 1 Hen. Y, 48 

„ Robert 8 Hen. YI, 30 

Pole, Thomas, de la, mil. 1st part, 35 Edw. Ill, 61 

„ John de la, clerious 3 Hen. Y, 47 

„ Michael de la. Earl of Suffolk 3 Hen. Y, 48a 

„ Michael de la, son and heir of Michael de la, 

Earl of Suffolk 3 Hen. Y, 48b 

„ Thomas de la, chev. 8 Hen. Y, 56 

„ Anna, wife of Thomas de la, chev. Assignalio 

doHs 8 Hen. Y, 125 

„ Thomas, son and heir of Thomas de la, chev. 9 Hen. YI, 45 

Polmark, Thomas, see Preston, John 27 Edw. UI, 14* 

Pomeray, Thomas 12 Rich. II, 77 



132 . Papers^ Sfc 

Bonte Fracto, Robert de 39 Hen. Ill, 41 

Pontesyde, Richard de, and Matilda his wife 33 Edw. Ill, 24^ 

Pontyngdon, Thomas, pro John Cary 44 Edw. Ill, 13* 

ri7 Rich. II, 46 
Ponynges, Isabella, wife of Richard de, chev. loo •!>• u tt ^a 

^22 rCicb. 11, oo 

„ Robert, mil. 25 Hen. VI, 24 

Popham, WiUiam 18 Edw. IV, 29 

Portbury, Richard de, pro Priory of Taunton. Inq. 

adq.d. ISEdw. I, 64 

Portebrief, William 21 Rich. II, 4.J 

Porteshed, Nicholas 21 Rich. II, 109b 

Portman, Christiana 12 Edw. IV, 43 

Poulet, Idonia, wife of John, sister and h. of Thomas, 

&• and h. of John Kayle, probatio eUUia 20 Rich. II, 149 

„ Idonea, wife of John 3 Hen. IV, 42 

„ John, and Thomas his brother 1 Hen. V, 54 

„ Constance, wife of John, chev., defunct 21 Hen. VI, 22 

„ John App., 9 Hen. VII, 9 

Power, Henry 2nd part, 35 Edw. Ill, 35 

Poynt2, Poynz, Nicholas 1 Edw. I, 17 

Hugh 1 Edw. II, 46 

„ Nicholas de, and Matilda and Elizabeth 5 Edw. II, 62 

Hugh 11 Edw. Ill, 43 

„ Pointz, Nicholas, chev. 19 Edw. Ill, 63 

Preston, John de 2 Edw. Ill, 1* 

„ John de, feoffavit Thomam Polmark of 

Preston, chaplain 27 Edw. Ill, ] 4^ 

„ John de 2nd part, 35 Edw. Ill, 40 

„ Stephen 14 Edw. IV, 30 

Proudhou, John de, pro Richard de Stapleldon 3 Edw. Ill, 22"^ 

Provost, Thomas, Prior of Stokecurcy 49 Edw. Ill, 41* 

Pukynton, capellan. in eocl. de, per Oilbeft de Enovill. 

Inq. ad q. d. 29 Edw. I, 134 

Punchard, John, and Alice his wife, lands of Matilda, 

wife of John Meriet, retinere possirU 6 Rich. II, 90 
Putteneye, John Parson of, see Middelnay, Ralph de 



On the Inquuitumes Post Mortem for Somerset. 133 

, . .. f 2 Edw. Ill, 15 

Pyke, Kicholas, and Joan his wife -j i t N 76 

Pym, Waiiam, of Cannington 8 Hen. VI, 23 

Pyne, Hawisia, see Bonevill, Hawisia. 

„ Hawisia de 4 Edw. Ill, 25 

Pyron, Hugh, of Woketrowe, pro Abbot of Olive 20 Edw. Til, 44* 

Radeston, John, see Meryet, John 48 Edw. Ill, 81 

„ John, and Margaret Lis wife 19 Rich. II, 39 

Radington, Baldwin de, chev., and William Wroiher 3 Hen. IV, 17 

Ralegh, Ralee, John, mil., and Warre, John de 28 Edw. Ill, 21 

„ „ John de, of Neteloombe, chev. 46 Edw. Ill, 50 

„ Simon, arm. 18 Hen. VI, 67 

„ Joan, wife of Simon, arm., null, ten, terr. 33 Hen. VI, 6 

„ William, son of Walter 7 Edw. IV, 36 

Redeclyve, Kicholas Boy], Vicar of, see Lyouns, Thomas. 

Redmore, Henry, and Caudel Adam, pro Hospital of 

Bridgwater 31 Edw. Ill, 26* 

„ Bedemore, Henry de, for Hospital of St 

John, Bridgwater 40 Edw. Ill, 36* 

Rcigncy, John 20 Edw. IV^ 87 

Remyngham, Hugo de, and Matilda his wife 33 Edw. Ill, 18* 
Rcvell, MabUa 36 Hen. Ill, 77 

Reynald, John, pro Dean of Wells. Inq. adq,d. 20 Hen. VI, 23 
Ripariis, John de 7 Edw. I, 31 

Rixin, Tholomeus atte, see Gilbert, G. 
Rodeney, Isabella, see Pawlett, Isabella. 

„ Bodenay, Alice, see Bonevile, Alice. 

„ Bodeneye, Bichard de, and Lucy his wife, 

per Walter, Bishop of Bath and Wells 32 Edw. 1, 99 

„ Walter de 3 Edw. Ill, 44* 

Walter de 8 Edw. ni, 50* 

„ Bodeneye, Walter de, pro Prior of Bath 1 2 Edw. Ill, 33* 

„ Walter de, pro Balph, Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, and Priory of Worsprynge 16 Edw. Ill, 58* 
„ John, chev. 2 Hen. IV, 32 

„ Bodenay, Walter, chev. 1 Hen. V, 51 

„ John, chev 8 Hen. V, 105 



134 Papers^ Sfc. 

Rodeney, Rodenay, Walter, mil. 6 Edw. IV, 42 

„ „ Thomas, arm. 9 and 10 Edw. lY, 63 

.„ Thomas 18 Edw. IV, 4 

Rodeston, John 10 Rich. II, 60 

Roger, John 20 Hen. VI, 32 

„ John, sen. 38 Hen. VI, 34 

Rogers, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas, defunct 15 Edw. IV, 14 

„ Thomas, serjeant-at-law 18 Edw. IV, 7 

Roges, Simon, of Porlok 34 Edw. I, 31 

„ John. Inquis. tantum 10 Rich. II, 121 

als. Rokes, John 1 1 Rich. II, 45 

Rokes, Roges, ids, John 1 1 Rich. II, 45 

Romesey, Romesighe, Walter de 7 Edw. Ill, 16 

„ Walter, s. and h. of John de App., 20 Edw. Ill, 63 

„ Romeseye, Margaret de 47 Edw. Ill, 29 

„ Walter, chev. 6 Hen. IV, 32 

„ Romeseye, Alice, wife of Walter, chev. 6 Hen. IV, 29 

„ Thomas 13 Heja. IV, 10 

,, Thomas, chev. 8 Hen. V, 89 

„ Rome^ye, Joan, wife of Thomas, chev. 

assigmUio dotis 9 Hen. V, 76 

„ Walter, arm. 7 Hen. VI, 26 

,, Romeseye, Walter s. and h. of Walter, 

arm. 8 Hen. VI, 22 

Roose, Alianora, 9ee Somerset, Alianora, Dnchess of 
Rossedenek, Rossydenek, Richard, pro Abbot of 

Muchelney 34 Edw. Ill, 43^^^ 

„ Richard, pro Abbey of Muchelneye 42 Edw. Ill, 25''' 

Roudon, Isabella, wife of John, mil] 13 Hen. VI, 32 

Roundel, Roger 50 Edw. Ill, 83 

Roynon, John . 5 Edw. IV, 13 

Rumesye, John, son of Galfrid die,fatuus 27 Edw. I^ 101 

Rus, John le 40 Hen. Ill, 2 

Russell, Robert 25 Edw. I, 28 

„ Ralph, chev. 2nd part, 49 Edw. HI, 32 

„ Alice, wife of Ralph 2 Rich. II, 46 

,,. Alice, wife of Ralph, mil 11 Rich. U, 46 



On the Inquisiiiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 135 

Russell, Thomas, s. and h. of Maurice, chev., and Margaret^ 
d. and h. of Thomas, asdgruUio dotis of 
. Joan, wife of Thomas 10 Hen. VI, 39 

Ryme, Chaplain of, per Riohard Mucheldenere 12 Rich. II,. 157 
Rysyngdon, John de, Parson of Yevel, see Samboum, 

Robert de 
Ryvere, Emma and Richard, see Meratx>n, Emma. 

„ John de la 8 Edw. II, 27 

„ Richard de la 2nd part, 36 Edw. Ill, 27 

„ Thomas de la 48 Edw. Til, 60 

Ryvers, Thomas de, and William Taillour 36 Edw. Til, 52* 

„ Robert 19 Hen. VI, 31 

Sabyne, Adam, of Bekyngdon 44 Edw. Ill, 62 

.St. Aubyn, John de, mil, and Joan his wife 8. Rich. II, 32 

^ ^ ., f 8 Rich. II, 32 

•^^^ "^'^- 19 Rich. II, 139 

St. Barbe, Seyntbarbe, Thomas, arm. 1 Rich. Ill, 8 

St. Clair, St Clare, Richard de Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 116 

„ St. Claro, Robert de 2 Edw. II, 72 

„ John, fil. John de, pro John Daubemoun 4 Edw. Ill, 15 

„ John, fil John de 9 Edw. UI, 48 

„ St Clare, Robert de 10 Edw. Ill, 56 

„ Saint der, Alice, wife of John 17 Edw. Ill, 9 

„ Robert, pro Thomas Waryn 25 Edw. Ill, 7* 

„ Robert de 33 Edw. Ill, 105 

„ Elizabeth 2nd part, 35 Edw, III, 51 

„ Seyncler, Robert 42 Edw, III, 51 

„ „ Robert 45 Edw. Ill, 50 

„ Seyntcler, Sibik, wife of Robert 46 Edw. Ill, 61 

„ Seintcler, Sibila, wife of Roger 48 Edw, III, 64 

„ Seynclei*e, Leticia, wife of William 50 Ed w. Ill, 59 

„ „ John, son and heir of William 51 Edw. Ill, 41 

„ „ John, chev., and Mary his 

wife 10 Rich. IT, 40 

„ Seyntcler, Mary, wife of John, chev. 

Asiignat. dotis. 11 Rich. IT, 47 

,. St Clere, Philip 9 Hen, IV, 44 



136 Papers^ Sfc. 

St. Clair, St. Clere, Margaret^ wife of FLilip, and 

John their son 1 Hen. VI, 30 

„ Seyntclere, Alice, wife of Nicholas, mil. 19 Edw. TV, 28 

St. John, Alexander de, and Elizabeth his wiie^ feoff- 
averunt Richard de Morcestre, Parson 
of Luccumbe 13 Edw. Ill, 23* 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Alexander 19 Edw. Ill, 26 

„ Oliver, knt., and Elizabeth his wife 3 Rich. II, 57 

„ Oliver de, chev., and Elizabeth his wife 4 Rich. II, 48 

„ Oliver, chev. 7 Rich. II, 1 15 

„ Alexander de, and Elizabeth his wife, and 

Richard de Morcestre, placUa 8 Rich. II, 114 

„ Henry 8 Hen. IV, 21 

„ John, mil 3 Hen. VI, 12 

William 13 Edw. IV, 31 

„ of Jerusalem, see Berkele, Thomas de 

St. Laudo, Joan, d. and h. of John and Rich. Pjke 

and Joan his wife 1st Nos., 2 Edw. HI, 76 

St. Laud, Margaret, wife of John 13 Hen. IV, 30 

St. Lo, John, arm. 26 Hen. VI, 25 

St. Mauro or Sancto Mauro, see Seymour 
Salisbury, Earls of, see Monte Acuto. 
Salmon, Elizabeth, wife of Robert, sister and heir of 

Nicholas le Walssh 39 Edw. Ill, 22 

Sambom, Robert, see Meryet, John de 

„ Robert, Parson of Yeovil 40 Edw. Ill, 69 

„ Sambourn, Robert de 22 Edw. Ill, 3* 

„ „ Robert de 24 Edw. Ill, 31* 

„ „ Robert de, pro John de Rysyng- 

don, Parson of Yevel 29 Edw. Ill, 40* 
„ „ Robert de. Parson of Teovil 45 Edw. HI, 66 

Sambroke, Thomas, nulL ten. terr. 23 Hen. VI, 45 

Sampson, Thomas 7 Hen. V, 55. 

Sancto Vigore, Thomas de 23 Edw. I, 12 

Sanford, Wedegrave and Stawelle, Homines de 6 Edw. I, 52 

„ Sandford, Nicholas and Agnes 32 Edw. Ill, 2* 

Saunzaveri Hugh 12 Edw. 1, 18 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 137 

Say, Lord of, see Hervy, Margaret 

„ James, Lord of, mil., rent in Bristol 29 Hen. VI, 11 

Segere, Thomas, son of Agnes, wife of Henry of 

Yeovil, fatuus 3 Hen. IV, 19 

„ Thomas, son of Agnes, wife of Henry of 

Yeovil 8 Hen. IV, 12 

Selenger, Anna, wife of Thomas, see Exeter, Anna, 

Duchess of 
Servington, see Cervington 

Seward, William, son and heir of Robert 28 Hen. VI, 39 

Seymour, Nicholas de, see De La Mare, Robert 
„ . Semore, see Zouch, William 

„ Sejmor, Matilda, late wife of Ralph, see Meriet, John 

„ St. Mauro, Laurence de 25 Edw. I, 13 

,» Saucto Mauro, Nicholas de, and Eva his 

wife, de Ucencio feoff. ^ pro Walter de 
Skydemore 35 Edw. I, 141 

„ Sancto M!auro, Nicholas de, and Muriella, 

feoffaverurU John Derby 31 Edw. Ill, 16* 

„ Nicholas de 2nd part, 35 Edw. Ill, 52 

„ Nicholas, chev. and Nicholas his 

son 2nd part, 49 Edw. Ill, 42 

„ Saymour, Richard, brother and heir of 

Nicholas, son and heir of Nicholas 50 Edw. Ill, 96 
„ William, and Margaret his wife 1st part, 15 Rich. 11, 58 

„ Seymor, Cecilia, wife of Roger, sister and 

heir of John de Beauchamp 17 Rich. II, 52 

„ Sancto Mauro, Richard de, chev. 2 Hen. IV, 55 

„ St. Maur, Richard de, chev., and Mary his 

wife 10 Hen. IV, 38 

„ St. Mauro, Ela, wife of Richard de. 

chev. 11 Hen. IV, 23 

Robert 1 Hen. V, 38 

„ St. Manro, John de, mil., of Castle Cary 3 Hen. V, 36 

„ „ Richard and Mary 2 Hen. VI, 10 

„ „ John de, probatio etatis 9 Hen. VI, 74 

„ „ John de, mil. 17 Hen. VI, 40 

yol. XLIV (Third Series, Voi. I V), Pari II, s 



138 Papers^ §-c. 

Seymour, St. Mauro, Elizabeth, wife of John 35 Hen. YI, 2 

„ Seymonre, John, mil 4 Edw. IV, 32 

„ Richard 13 Edw. IV, 12 

„ Seymoure, Isabella, widow of John 2 Bich. Ill, 36 

Seys, Philip Date not known, App., Hen. Ill, 81 

Shaftesbury Abbey. Inq. ad q, d. 32 Edw. I, 166 

Sheote, John, pro Priory of Bath 13 Pacb. II, 122 

Short, John 22 Rich. II, 42 

Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Margaret, Viscountess 7 Edw. IV, 44 

Scolande, Scothlaund, Galfrid de 15 Edw. I, 11 

„ Galfrid de 18 Edw. I, 46 

„ Scolond, FrancU de 12 Edw. Ill, 19 

„ Scoland, Henry 41 Edw. Ill, 55 

„ Franco de, pro John Beauchamp 3 Rich. II, 78 

Skydemore, Walter de, see Sancto Mauro 35 Edw. 1, 141 

Slade, Richard and Isabella 11 Rich. II, 70 

Slegh, John,/«fe 34 Edw. Ill, 4* 

Sm'ton (? Southampton), Robert de 28 Edw. Ill, 40 

Solers, John, & and h. of William, deceased, probcUio 

eUUis 7 Hen. V, 87 

Somerset, Earl of, John, see Beaufort^ Henry. 

„ John Beaufort, Earl of 11 Hen. IV, 44 

„ John Beaufort, Duke of 22 Hen. VI, 19 

„ Edmund Beaufort, Duke of 33 Hen. VI, 38 

„ Alianora, Duchess of, wife of Thomas, Lord 

Roose 7 Edw. IV, 20 

Sormavile, Joan de 35 Edw. I, 36 

South Petherton, John de Stafford, pro Pan^on of 

chapel of. Inq. ad q, d. 21 Edw. I, 1 18 

Sparewe, John • 5 Hen. V, 35 

Speke, John, mil., niUl. ten, terr. 20 Hen. VI, 3 

Spelly, Elias, pro Priory of Worspryng 7 Rich. II, 91 

Spencer, William, for Chantry of Long Ashton, near 

Bristol 1 Rich. Ill, 50 

Stafford, John de, pi*o Parson of chapel of Buth* 

pederton. Inq, ad q, d. 21 Edw. I, 118 

„ Hugh, Earl of 13 Bich. II, 49 



On the Inquisitionei Post Mortem for Somerset, 139 

Stafford, Thomas, Earl of Ist pari, 16 Eich. II, 27 

„ William, brother and h. of Thomas, Earl of 22 Rich. II, 46 

„ Edmund, Earl of 4 Hen. lY, 41 

„ Humphry, mil., and Elizabeth his wife 1 Hen. Y, 41 

„ Catherine, wife of Humphry, arm. 5 Hen. Y, 68 

„ John, roil., Lord of Botreaux 6 Hen. YI, 39 

„ Humphry, mil. 20 Hen. YI, 9 

„ William, arm. 28 Hen. YI, 14 

„ Humphry, Earl of Devon 9 and 10 Edw. lY, 30 

Stapeldon, Richard de, see Proudhou, John. 

„ Stapeldone, Thomas de, pro Dean and Chapter 

of St. Peter's, Exeter 2 Edw. Ill, 93* 

„ Stapelton, Brian de, see Monte Acuto, William de. 

„ Stapilton, John and Cecila 16 Edw. Ill, 34 

Staple, Parson of, see Leystr, Richard. 

Staunton, William de, clericus 31 Edw. I, 60 

„ John, for Chantry of Long Ashton 1 Rich. Ill, 50 

„ William, arm, nvU. ten, terr. 7 Hen. Y, 5 

Staverdale, Priory of, see Meysy, Robert. 
„ Priory of, see Stourton, John. 

Stawell, Thomaa, mil. 17 Hen. YI, 23 

„ Homines Qe, see Sanford. 

„ Stowell, Galfrid, and Juliana his wife 37 Edw. Ill, 68 
Stenyng, Robert, gent. 2 Rich. Ill, 3 

Stoke super Hameldon, pro Capella de St Nicholas, 

per John de Bello Campo. Inq. ad q, d, 30 Edw. I, 72 
Stoke under Hampton Manor, extent of. Inq, 

adq.d. 22 Hen. YI, 5 

Stokelinche, Ralph de 4 Edw. Ill, 104* 

Stokes, William de 22 Edw. I, 61 

Stonford, John de, and Ralph dc Mynty, pro Priory 

of St John, Wells 16 Edw. Ill, 9* 

Stourton, John de, and Alice, see Pappeworth, William de. 

„ William, pro Priory of Wytham 2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 54 

„ William, retinere possit 19 Rich. II, 97 

William 1 Hen. Y, 49 

„ John, pro Dean of Wells. Inq, ad q.d. 16 Hen. YI, 5 



140 Papers^ tfc» 

Stourton, Jolin, of Preston, arm., ntdl. ten. terr. 17 Hen. VI, 6 
„ John, mil., pro Prior of Staverdale, Inq. 

ad q. d. 20 Hen. VI, 22 

„ John, mil., of Stourton 2 Edw. IV, 18 

„ William, mil., of Stourton 17 Edw. IV, 55 

Stradlyng, Edward, mil. 31 Edw. VI, 13 

„ Stradling, Joan, wife of John, mil. 35 Hen. VI, 6 

Joan 20 Edw. IV, 52 

Stretche, John, and Alice his wife 29 Edw. Ill, 33 

„ Streche, John, chev.^ /eqffavU John Tomer 13 Bich. IT, 82 

„ Strettche, John, mil. 14 Rich. II, 42 

„ Streche, CatheriDe, wife of John, die v. 1 Hen. VI, 29 

Strete, Thomas, and Thomas Payn, retinere possint 4 Rich. II, 67 

Stucle, Elizabeth, wife of Richard, and formerly of John 

Bonville 2 Hen. V, 18 

Sturmy, William, chev. 5 Hen. VI, 22 

Suffolk, Earl of, see Pole, Michael de la. 

„ William, formerly Duke of 28 Hen. VI, 25 

Sullen, Andrew 44 Hen. Ill, 36 

SuUeny, Galfrid de 50 Hen. Ill, 31 

Surrey, see Joan, wife of John de Warenna, Earl of. 
Sydenham, Margaret, see Mutton, Margaret 

„ Richard, pro Abbot of Atheljgueye 44 Edw. Ill, 31"^' 

„ John de, pro St. Mary of Bridgewater 

2nd part, 16 Rich. II, 101 

„ John, sen., arm. 8 Edw. IV, 22 

Walter 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 18 

„ John 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 19 

„ Joan, wife of John, arm. 12 Edw. IV, 45 

Taillour, William, and Thomas de Ryvers 36 Edw. Ill, 52* 

„ William, appreciacume terrarum 13 Rich. II, 103 

Talbot, John, see Norton St. Philip. 

„ Joan, wife of John, Viscount Lisle, a dau. and 

h. of Thomas Chedder 7 Edw. IV, 42 

Tame, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas, arm., formerly wife 

of John Pokeswell 1 1 Hen. VI, 28 

Taunton, Archdeaconry of, see Goldclyve, Prior of. 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 141 

Taunton, Prior of, see Bolevyle, Nicholas de. 

„ John de Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 127 

„ Abbey of, per Philip de Thorlakeston. Fnq. 

ad q. d. 18 Edw. I, 63 

„ Priory of, per Richard de Portbury. Inq, 

adq.d. 18 Edw. I, 64 

Tewkesbury, Abbot of 7 Rich. II, 85 

„ Abbot of 13Rich. II, 95 

Thomas. Richard, arm. 2 Hen. IV, 26 

Thomer, William, chaplin 3 Rich. II, 82. 

„ Edith, sister of John, son and heir of 

Richard 10 Hen. IV, 41 

Thorlakeston, Philip de, pro Abbey of Taunton. 

Inq. adq.d. 18 Edw. I, 63 

Thorne, Henry, and John Bulbek, pro John Oanoun, 

deest. 4 Rich. II, 70 

Thornhull, Walter de, ex concessione Nicholas de 

Moeles 9 Edw. II, 35 

r 11 Rich. II, 50 
Thorpe, Catherine, wife of John de, mil. -! ,« r>« i_ tt ikk 

( io Kicn. 11, lod 

„ Thorp, John, messuage in Bristol 9 and 10 Edw. IV, 13 

r 2 Hen. IV, 18 
Thurmond, Thosmound, Agnes, wife of Nicholas -| - ^ „ t^t i o 

(^ 13, Hen. IV, lo 

Tilly, William, fil. Richard, pro Abbot of Glas- 
tonbury 6 Edw. Ill, 4a* 
Tiptoft, Phillipa, wife of John, chev. 5 Hen. V, 40 
Typtot, John, mil. 21 Hen. VI, 45 
Tomer, John, see Streche, John, chev. 

Torynton, John, extent, A pp. 6 Hen. IV, 58 

Tour, Thomas de la 21 Edw. I, 11 

„ Hugh, s. and h. of Thomas, probcUio etatis 3 Edw. II, 69 

„ William de la, s. and h. of Hugh, probatio 

etatis 9 Edw. Ill, 66 

„ Toure, William de la 24 Edw. Ill, 18 

Tournament, John and Cecilia, pro William de 

Pappeworth 41 Edw. Ill, 28* 

Travers, Lucy, wife of Richard, deest 46 Edw. Ill, 2* 



142 Papers^ Sfc. 

Tregoze, John de 28 Edw. I, 43 

Trevenaunt, John, clericns, see Boleyn, Thomas 
Trewythosa, Simon de 13 Edw. Ill, 3 

Trcvylyan, John, arm, App. 8 Hen. VII, 7 

Trippe, Stephen. Parson of Canmell 22 FAw. Ill, 20* 

Trivet, Thomas, mil. Appreciacione terror 

rum 2nd pirtj 15 Rich. II, 10 

Tromyn, Humphrey 26 Edw. Ill, 69 

Trowe, Hugh, and Elizabeth his wife App. 8 Hen. YII, 9 

Tryl, Walter de 2 Edw. Ill, H2* 

Tryvet, Nicholas, see Pavely, Robert de. 

„ Thomas 9 Edw. I, 37 

William 8 Edw. II, 36 

„ Thomas, son of William and Joan his wife 10 Edw. II, 75 
„ Thomas, chev., and Elizabeth his wife 12 RicL II, 52 

„ John, chev. 22 Rich. II, 45 

„ Elizabeth, wife of Thomas, mil, defunct 12 Hen. YI, 35 
Tuchet, Elizabeth, see Audeley, Elizabeth. 

„ John, chev. 10 Hen. IV, 47 

Turbcrvile, Cecilia, see Atte Forde, Valentine. 

„ Cecilia de 1st part, 15 Rich. II, 103 

„ Cecilia, sister and h. of John Beanchamp 

2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 27 
Tumey, John 19 Edw. IV, 16 

Walter 19 Edw. IV, 17 

Turri, Hugh de 1 1 Edw. I, 23 

Tyrell, John 34 Edw. Ill, 66 

„ Hugh, chev. and Katherine his wife 4 Rich. II, 54 

Ufflete, John, s. and h. of Edmond, arm., prohcUio 

etatis 26 Hen. VI, 36 

Urlegh, Agnes, dau. and h. of Alice 8 Hen. IV, 10 

„ see also Verlegh. 

Urtiaco, Urtyaco, Sabina de 38 Hen. Ill, 43 

„ „ Sabina de 42 Hen. Ill, 22 

„ Henry de 22 Edw. I, 80 

„ Walter de, and Matilda his wife 34 Edw. I, 49 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 143 

Urtiaco, Henry de 16 Edw. II, 50? 

This Inquisition is placed under 1 5 Edw III, 
na 35, but was found on examination (for 
the purposes of elucidating the pedigree of 
the Urtiaco's, as set forth in the Transac- 
tions of the Som. Arch. Society, vol. xlii, 
26—55) to belong really to 15 Edw. II. 
„ Sibilla, wife of Henry 17 Edw. II, 3 

„ John de 9 Rich. II, 127 

Valeye, Roland de la 3 Edw. II, 6b 

Valle Torta, John de, pro CanneHte Brothers of 

Bristol 17 Edw. I, 35 

Vallibus, Ralph de. (Reginald de) in brevL 12 Edw. I, 37 

Veel, Peter and Katherine de 17 Edw. Ill, 65 

Veer, Margaret, wife of George, mil. 1 2 Edw. IV, 40 

Verlegh, Juliana 11 Rich. II, 52 

„ 8M also IJrlegh. 

Veym, William de, dee^t 30 Edw. I, 28 

Vinonia, Joan de, wife of Reginald fil Peter 8 Edw. II, 42 

Vivon, Hugh de 28 Hen. Ill, 22, 25 

Vynour, William, chaplain, for Piiory of Bath 41 Edw. Ill, 15^' 

Wac, John Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 129 

Wadham, John, chev. 13 Hen. lY, 39 

„ William, nfdl. ten. ierr. 30 Hen. YI, 27 

„ John. arm. 14 Edw. lY, 19 

Wake, John, 22 Edw. Ill, 46 

„ John de 34 Edw. Ill, 69 

„ Thomas, arm. 38 and 39, Hen. YI, 43 

Wale, Richard, outlaw 8 Hen. lY, 70 

Waleraund, Robert 1 Edw. I, 6 

„ Matilda 1 Edw. I, 35 

Walgrave, Elizabeth, wife of Warin, defunct 19 Hen. YI, 41 

Walissh, see Walshe 

Walraund, John and Robert, and Isabella 2 Edw. II, 80 

Walshe, Walssh, Nicholas le, see Salmon, Elizabeth 

„ Adam le. Inq. ad q, d. 33 Edw. I, 206 

„ John le 7 Edw. Ill, 26 



144 Papers^ Sft\ 

Walshe, Waliash, Nicholas le, of Podyngton 13 Edw. Ill, 23 

„ Walissbe, Nicholas le 13 Edw. Ill, 45 

„ Walssh, Joan and Elizabeth, daus. and heirs 

of Nicholas le . 24 Edw. Ill, 45 

„ Walyssh, Roesa, wife of John la 2nd part, 36 Edw. Ill, 68 

Walsymgham, John de, for Hospital of St. John, 

Bridgwater 17 Edw. Ill, 58* 

Walton, Isabella, wife of Alan de 37 Edw. Ill, 76 

Wamburgh, Robt. de, pro Abbot of Glaston. 2 Edw. Ill, 129* 

„ see also Wauberghe. 

Wardon, John Middelton, Parson of, see Latymer, Thomas 
Warr, Lord de la, see West, Richard 

Richard de la Date not known, App., Hen. Ill, 91 

Ware, Roger la 14 Edw. II, 32 

John la, pro Warino le Latimer 13 Edw. Ill, 3^^" 

Margaret, wife of John le 1st part, 23 Edw. Ill, 90 

John le, and John Ralee, mil. 28 Edw. Ill, 21 

Richard, s. and h. of John le WaiTe and Joan 

his wife 42 Edw. Ill, 71 

Roger le, chev.. and Alinor his wife 44 Edw. Ill, 68 

John de la, chev., and Elizabeth his wife 22 Rich. II, 53 
John 1 Hen. IV, 58 

Thomas la 5 Hen. YI, 54 

Joan, wife of John, arm., nvU, ten, terr. 1 7 Hen^ VI, 7 

Robert 6 Edw. IV, 17 

Richard, arm., of Hestercombe 22 Edw. IV, 37 

Warrena, John de, Earl of Surrey 21 Edw. Ill, 58 

„ Warenna, Joan, wife of John, Earl of Surrey 

2ndpt., 35 Edw. Ill, 79 
Warmbrugge, Richard, Parson of St. John's, Bristol, 

per John Knighton, c'.ericus 13 Rich. II, 118 

Warmewell, Roger, and Felicia his wife 10 Rich. II, 51 

Warmyll, John 14 Hen. VI, 31 

Warwick, Dukes and Earls of, see Beauchamp. 
Waryn, Thomas, see St Clair, Robert. 

Wattis, Thomas 38 and 39 Hen. VI, 1 

„ Wattys, Thomas, deest 3 Edw. IV, 2 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset. 145 

Wattyssche, Laurence, see De La Mare, Thomas. 

Wauberghe, Robert, pro Abbot of Glaston. 2 Edw. Ill, 99* 

„ see also Wamburgh. 

Waye, Emma de Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 125 

Wayte, William le, see Glamorgan, Peter. 

„ John la 2nd part, 36 Edw. Ill, 72 

„ Guido, son of John 46 Edw. Ill, 69 

Weborne, John, for College of Yeovil. lnq,adq,d. 17 Edw. IV, 61 
Wedegrave, Homines de, see Sanford. 

Wedergrave, Nicholas de 1 Edw. Ill, U'*' 

Weld, Welde, William, pro Priory of St. John, Wells 

28 Edw. Ill, 16* 
„ Richard, of Yevele, exienta terrarum 4 Rich. II, 78 

Wellington, John, brother and h. of Ralph, who was 

8. and. h. of John de, mil. 20 Rich. II, 55 

„ Welington, John, and John son of John 

Wrothe 13 Hen. lY, 25 

Wells, see Cristesham, Nicholas 

„ Dean and Chapter of, see Gardener, Peter 

„ Dean and Chapter of St Andrews, see Godele, H. de 

„ Dean and Chapter of Cathedral, see Boleyn, Thomas 

„ Dean of, see Reynald, John 

„ Dean of, see Stourton, John 

„ Priory of St John, see Stonford, John de 

„ Priory of St. John, see Welde, William. 

„ St. Andrew's Church, per Walter, Bishop of 

Bath and Wells. Inq. ad q. d. 34 Edw. I, 179 
„ Dean of, St. Andrews, per Harcelinus de 

Godelee 35Edw. I, 117 

„ Priory of St. John, per Thomas Lyons 19 Rich. II, 86 

Wellesley, Welleslegh, William de 37 Hen. Ill, 15 

William de 38 Hen. Ill, 13 

„ Welleslegh, Thomas de 17 Edw. I, 4 

Wellesleye, Thomas de 3 Edw. Ill, 9^' 

„ Welleslegh, Philip de, feoffavU Elias de 

Corscombe 13 Edw. Ill, 50* 

„ „ Philip de 18 Edw. Ill, 17- 

Vol, XLl V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part II, t 



146 Papersj Sfc. 

Wellesley, Welleslegh, Philip de, pro Priory of 

Bruton 19 Edw. Ill, 66* 

Philip de 22 Edw. HI, 43 

Weolegh, see Burnell, Hugh 

Wermewelle, William de, and Alianora his wife 35 Edw. I, 17 

Wermyll, John 16 Hen. VI, 22 

West, Thomas, chev. 10 Rich II, 52 

„ Alice, wife of Thomas, mil. 19 Rich. II, 49 

„ Thomas, chev. 4 Hen. V, 28 

„ Reginald, mil. 29 Hen, VI, 21 

„ Richard, Lord de la Warr, mil. 16 Edw. IV, 62 

Westbury, William, sen. 28 Hen. VI, 23 

William 36 Hen. VI, 31 

Weston, Gundreda de, and Roesia de Weston, pro 

Prior, etc., of Bath. Inq, ad q. d. 33 Edw. I, 240 

Weyland, WiUiam de 1 Edw. Ill, 79 

„ Weylond, John chev., and Burga his wife 10 Rich. II, 47 

„ „ Burga, wife of John, chev. 12 Rich. II, 55 

„ „ John, chev., and Burga his wife 

1st part, 15 Rich. II, 69 
„ „ John, chev., and Burga his wife 

breve tantum 20 Rich. II, 96 

Whaddon, Humphry de, deeat 14 Edw. I, 29 

Whalisburgh, Thomas 21 Edw. IV, 41 

Whateley, Elizabeth, wife of Richard 12 Edw. IV, 16 

Whittockesmede, William App., 35 Hen. VIII, 1 

Whiteley, Agnes, wife of William, defunct 14 Edw. IV, 5 

Whitwode, John 21 Edw. IV, 23 

Whyton, John 50 Edw. Ill, 64 

Wigbere, Robert, see Bridge water. Hospital of. 

„ Wygheberg, Richard 55 Hen. Ill, 12 

„ Wigbergh, Elena de Uncertain, Hen. Ill, 123 

» Wyggebere, William de, and Joan his wife 18 Edw. II, 64 

J J Wygebeare, Richard de, and Matilda his wife 

1 Edw. Ill, 35* 
„ Wygebere, Richard de 1 Edw. Ill, 89- 

„ Wykebere, Matilda 33 Edw. Ill, 23 



On the Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Somerset, 147 

Willyng, William, for Abbey of Muchelneye 40 Edw. Ill, 25^^^ 
Wilts, Amicia, wife of James, Earl of 35 Hen. VI, 16 

„ James, Earl of 1 Edw. IV, 29 

Winchester, Bishop of, pro Hospital of St. Cross, 

near Winchester. Inq, ad q. d, 24 Hen. VI, 13 
Winslade, Stephen 6 Hen. LV, 35 

Wirkele, William, pro Priory of St. John, Jerusalem 

2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 68 
Witham, Priory of, see Cheddi-e, Robert. 
,, „ „ Erlestoke, Thomas. 

,, ,, ,, Mershton, John de. 

„ „ „ per William Stourton 

2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 54 
Wivelescombe, John 6 Hen. V, 22 

Wolavington, Henry de 16 Edw. I, 64 

„ Wolavyngton, Gilbert de, pro Clyve 

Abbey. Inq. ad q, d, 27 Edw. I, 82 

Wolvesford, Baldwin, and John Chapei 1st part, 15 Rich. IT, 67 
Worcester, Godefrid, Bishop of 30 Edw. I, 41 

Wormbrugge, Parson of St. John's, Bristol, see 

Knyghton, John, cler. 
Worsope, John 14 Edw. IV, 34 

Worspryng, Prior of, see Gary, Henry. 

„ Priory of, see Rodeney, Walter de. 

„ „ „ Spelley, Elias. 

„ Worsprynge, Priory of 32 Edw. Ill, 88 :' 

Wotton, Nicholas, see Organ, Emote. 

Nicholas 32 Hen. VI, 27 

Wrofton or Wroston, William 10 Hen. IV, 50 

Wroth, William, arm. 10 Hen. IV, 18 

„ Wrothe, John, son of John, and John Wei- . 

lington 13 Hen. IV, 25 

„ William 28 Hen. VI, 6 

„ Wrothe, John, arm. 20 Edw. IV, 28 

Wrotham, Richard de 35 Hen. Ill, 47 

Richard de 37 Hen. Ill, 12 

Wrother, William and Baldwin de Radington 3 Hen. IV, 17 



148 Papers^ Sfc» 

Wroxhale,^ Galfrid de, 9ee Champflour. 

Galfridde 5Edji:. 1,56 

Wychele, Henry de 3 Edw. til, 19 

Wydeford, John, exterUa ierrcurum 5 Rich. II, 73 

„ John, appreeUUume Urnvruni 5 Rich. 11, 82 

„ John and Margaret his wife, appredacione 

terrarum 13 Rich. II, 104 

Wydeslade, Richard de 29 Edw. Ill, 22 

Wyggeton, Walter de 14 Edw. I, 15 

„ John de, and Dionisia his wife 8 Edw. II, 61 

Wyke, Joan, wifo of Robert, daughter of Thomas Chasteljn, 
kin and heiress of Emma, wife of Walter 
Fark^prcboHo etcUis 1st part, 36 Edw. Ill, 136 
John 12 Hen. IV, 23 

John 11 Edw. IV, 24 

Wykeham, William, arm., mUl. ten, terr. 35 Hen. VI, 29 

Wykes, Richard 1 Rich. IH, 22 

Wyking, Walter 19 Edw. I, 32 

„ John, pro priory of Bruton 1st part, 16 Rich.'' II, 105 

Wylkyns, John, sen., of Bristol, pro John Crome, Vicar 

of St. Nicholas, Bristol 6 Rich. II, 137 

Wyndesore, William de, chev. 8 Rich. II, 38 

Wythele, Reginald de 4 Edw. II, 23 

Yelverton, Robert, chev. nuU, ten. terr. 7 Hen. VI, 1 

Yeovil, College of, see Webom, John. 

„ Jevele, John Latton, preposittu of 2nd part, 15 Rich. II, 136 
Yonge, Thomas 17 Edw. IV, 26 

York, Archbishop of, see Giffard, Walter. 

„ Phillippa, Duchess of, formerly wife of Walter 

Fitz Wauter, mil. 10 Hen. VI, 45 

Zouch, William la, of Haryngworth, mil. 19 Rich. II, 52 

„ William le, chev. 3 Hen. V, 46 

„ Zouche, Elizabeth, wife of William la, chev. 4 Hen. VI, 7 
„ „ William, mil., null. ten. terr. 2 Edw. IV, 29 

„ William, mil.. Lord Zouch and Semore 8 Edw. IV, 53 

„ Zouche, Catherine, wife of William, mil. 11 Edw. IV, 40 






Cbe Ditot0ion of tfyz lBi0l)opcick0 of mtwtt. 



A PAPER BY THE RIGHT REV. W. R. BROWNLOW, D.D., 
Bishop of Clifton. 



THE Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological Society 
do not contain any notice of a remarkable letter of St. 
Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury, which was published iu 
1895 by Messrs. Napier and Stevenson, among the " Early 
Charters," called the Crawford Collection, in the Bodleian 
Library. This letter, which they tell us " has hitherto been 
entirely unknown," throws considerable light on what Bishop 
Stubbs calls " one of the most vexed questions of Anglo-Saxon 
history " — the Division of the Bishopricks of Wessex. The 
MS. is written in characters of the end of the tenth or begin- 
ning of the eleventh century. It is probably a copy, for it is 
among documents relating to Crediton, where it was likely to 
be preserved after the union of the Sees of Cornwall (St. 
Germans) and Crediton. I propose to give Professor Napier's 
translation of the Saxon letter, and then proceed to show its 
bearing on the bishopricks mentioned. Dunstan's name is not 
mentioned in it ; but it is addressed to King ^thelred II (the 
Unready), and has to do entirely with the South- West of 
England, so it could not have been written by Oswald, Arch- 
bishop of York. The letter runs thus : — 

^' This writing the Archbishop sends to his lord, ^thelred 
the king. It happened that the West Welsh (the inhabitants 



150 Papers^ Sfc. 

of Cornwall) rose against King Ecgbriht. The king then 
went thither and subdued them, and gave a tenth part of the 
land (to God) and disposed of it as it seemed fit to him. He 
gave to Sherborne three estates, Polltun, Caellwic, Land- 
withan. And that remained so for many years until heathen 
hordes overran this country and occupied it. Then there came 
another time after that, when the teachers fell away, and 
departed from England on account of the unbelief that had 
then assailed it ; and all the kingdom of the West Saxons 
stood for seven years without a bishop. Then Formosus the 
Pope sent from Rome, and admonished King Edward and 
archbishop Plegmund to amend this. And they did so ; with 
the counsel of the Pope and all the witan of the English 
nation they appointed five bishops where there were formerly 
two : one at Winchester, that was Frythestan ; a second at 
Ramsbury, that was JEthelstan ; a third at Sherborne, that 
was Waerstan ; a fourth at Wells, that was ^thelm ; a fifth 
at Crediton, that was Eadulf. And to him (Eadulf) were 
assigned three estates in Wales {i.e., West Wales, or Corn- 
wall), to be under the authority of the people of Devon, 
because they (the Cornish) had formerly been disobedient, 
without awe of the West Saxons. And Bishop Eadulf enjoyed 
those lands during his life, and Bishop Aethelgar in like 
manner. Then it happened that King j^i^thelstan gave to 
Conan the Bishopric as far as the Tamar flowed (i.^., Corn- 
wall). Then it happened that King Eadred conmianded 
Daniel to be consecrated, and gave the estates, as the witan 
advised him, to the bishop-stool at St. Germans. Afterwards, 
when King Edgar bade me consecrate Wulfsige, he and all 
our bishops said that they did not know who could possess the 
estates with greater right than the bishop of the diocese, 
seeing that he was loyal, and preached the belief of God 
aright, and loved his lord (the king). If, then, this bishop 
does so now, I know not why he should not be worthy of the 
estates, if God and our lord (the king) grant them to him. 



The Division of the Bishoprichs of Wessex, 151 

For it does not seem to us that any man can possess them 
more rightfully than he, and if any (other) man take them to 
himself, may he have them without God's blessing or ours." 
(pp. 106-7.) 

Before mentioning the great difficulties that this letter by 
no means settles, it may be well to point out that it proves that 
the account of the Division of the Wessex Bishopricks, as 
given by William of Malmesbury, was known in the time of 
St. Dimstan. Bishop Stubbs, before the discovery of this 
letter, was of opinion that the statement which is found in the 
records of the Cathedrals of Exeter, Winchester, and Canter- 
bury " acquired its present form soon after the middle of the 
eleventh century." (Malmesbury, Gesta reg. ii, p. Ivi.) St. 
Dunstan died in 988, and he must have consecrated Wulfsige 
after 975, in which year his predecessor's signature as bishop 
appears for the last time. The letter apparently contemplates 
a successor to Wulfsige. That successor was Ealdred, who 
must have been consecrated before 988, although his first 
signature appears in a docmnent of 993. It also proves that 
JEthelstan bestowed on Conan the bishopric of Cornwall, 
which had been stated by Leland, although the Charter of 
^thelstan, on the authority of which he had rested, is now 
lost. Another point is proved by it, viz., that Daniel, a monk 
of Glastonbury, had been appointed by Eadred bishop of 
Cornwall. He is said by Malmesbury to have died in 956.* 

The three manors, to use the Norman term, given to the 
Bishoprick of Sherborne are called PoUtun, Caellwic and 
Landwithan. Polltun is called Pauntona in the Exeter 



* The editors note : " The first four Bishops of the West-Saxon See of Corn- 
wall are therefore : ( 1 ) Conan, consecrated under AetheUtan (a. d. 926 ?) ; 
Daniel, consecrated under Eadred, signs 955 to 959 ; (3) Comoere, who appears 
in the Bodmin manumissions as * Comuyre presbyter ' under Eadred (946-955), 
and as bishop under Edgar (959-975) ; (4) Wulfsige, consecrated under Eadgar ; 
signatures 963 to 980. That Comoere preceded Wulfsige is evident fr^ the 
fact proved by this letter, that the latter survived Kins Eadgar, in whose reign 
he was consecratt d ; hence Comoere, who is mention^ as bishop in the time 
of this king, must have been bishop during the earlier years of the reigo." 
(p. 104, n.) 



152 Papers^ Sfc, 

Domesday, where it is held by the Bishop of Exeter. Mr. 
Warren identifies it with the manor of Pawton, in the 
parish of St. Breock, a few miles from Padstow. Caelling is 
called Caelling in the statement above referred to, Caluuitona 
in the Exeter Domesday, and is identified by Mr. Warren as 
Callington, a small town between Launceston and St. Ives. 
Landwithan is spelt Languitetona in the Exeter Domesday, 
and was held by the Bishop of Exeter. Mr. Warren says it 
is the present parish of Lawhitton in the borough of Launces- 
ton, which is now the property of the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners, having remained connected with the Bishoprick of 
Exeter. The three estates seem, after the Danish invasion, to 
have been transferred from the Bishoprick of Sherborne to 
that of St. Germans, or Cornwall ; then to have been merged 
in that of Crediton ; and finally to have formed part of the 
property of the See of Exeter at the time when St. Edward 
the Confessor obtained from the Pope permission to remove 
the See from Crediton to Exeten The editors note that this 
letter " enables us to add another name to the Bishops of Corn- 
wall, namely that of Daniel, who, we learn, was consecrated at 
the command of King Eadred (946-955). This is no doubt the 
Bishop Daniel who signs from 955 to 959, who. Bishop Stubbs 
suggested, was Bishop of Rochester or Selsey. Daniel, Bishop 
of Cornwall, is probably the Bishop Daniel who is named in an 
Exeter manumission of King Eadwig's. As he was appointed 
under Eadred, and signs through Eadwig's reign, he must have 
preceded Comoere, who subscribes in the time of King Edgar " 
(p. 104). 

The principal value of the letter, however, consists in its 
authentication, in the time of St. Dunstan, of the record given 
by William of Malmesbury. That record is as follows : — 

"In the 904th year from the Nativity of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, Formosus, the apostolic Pontifi* of the Roman Church, 
sent to King Edward in the land of the English, moved with 
great anger and devotion, and called down upon him and all his 



The Division of the Bishopricks of Wessex. 1 53 

(counsellorfi) a malediction in place of the benediction which 
blessed Gregory had formerly sent to the nation of the English 
by the holy man Augustine — unless he and his bishops insti- 
tuted (pastors for) the dioceses destitute of bishops, according 
to the tradition which had been delivered to the nation of the 
English by the See of St. Peter. For the country of the 
Gewissi had for seven years been entirely without any bishop. 

Upon this, King Edward assembled a Synod of the senators 
of the nation of the English, over which Archbishop Plegmund 
presided, and recited to the King, and discussed the severe 
words of the apostolic message which blessed Pope Formosus 
sent. Then the King, with his (counsellors) and Plegmund 
the Archbishop took salutary counsel, applying to themselves 
the sentence of our Lord, " the harvest indeed is great, but the 
labourers are few." They appointed separate bishops to each 
of the tribes of the Gewissi, and assigned an episcopal resi- 
dence (episcopia) to each ; and what before had two, they 
divided into five. 

" This resolution having been passed, Archbishop Plegmund 
returned to Rome with honourable gifts, and with great humil- 
ity appeased the apostolic (Lord) Formosus, announced the 
decrees of the King, and the senate of the country, which 
greatly pleased his apostolic (lordship). 

"Returning home, in the city of Canterbury he ordained seven 
bishops to seven churches in one day. Frithestan to the 
Church of Winchester ; ^thelstan to the Church of Corvin- 
ensis (really Rams bury ) ; Waerstan to the Church of Sher- 
borne ; JEthelm to the Church of Wells ; Eadulf to the 
Church of Crediton. Moreover, they gave him in addition 
three villas in Cornwall, named Polltun, Caelling, and Land- 
withan, in order that every year from thence he should visit 
the people of Cornwall to repress their errors. For of old 
they used to resist the truth as much as they could, and did 
not obey the apostolic decrees. Moreover (Archbishop Pleg- 
mund) ordained two bishops for the South Saxons, Beorneh, 

Vol. XLI V (Third Stries, V<d. I V), Part 11, u 



154 Papers^ 8fe. 

a fitting man, and for the Mercians Coenulf for the city which 
is called Dorchester. 

"All this the apostolic Pope confirmed in Synods at St. 
Peter's Church, and condemned for ever anyone who should 
change this salutary resolution." 

William of Malmesbury, not knowing the origin of the 
name " Corvinensis^^^ supposed it to be meant for " Cornu- 
biensis^'* and so made ^^thelstan Bishop of Cornwall. The 
late Canon Jones, of Bradford-on-Avon, gives the following 
explanation of how it came to mean Ramsbury : — 

" The Bishops of Ramsbury are usually styled * Episcopi 
Corvinensis Ecclesm.^ The town chosen as their See is in the 
north-east of Wilts, and was originally called *Hraefenes 
byrig,' that is Ravensbury : an estate close by being still 
called ' Crow-wood.' The Latin name is a simple translation 
of the Anglo-Saxon." {Fasti Sarisb.^ i, 34). 

In the catalogue given by Florence of Worcester, they are 
called "Epi Sunningenses." In our MS. it is called "Hramnes 
byrig." Canon Jones endorses the contemptuous remark of 
the editor of the " Monumenta Historica Britannica " : " that 
the tale of seven bishops consecrated in one day by Archbishop 
Plegmund, which had given so much trouble to many learned 
men, was not yet concocted in the tenth century." Dr. Giles 
makes a similar remark in a note to Bohn's translation of 
William of Malmesbury, and says : " though it may not be 
easy to assign a rational motive for the invention of such an 
instrument, it is a decided forgery." Dr. Oliver also says : 
" Of course we reject the letter of Pope Formosus." If the 
judgment of the editors of the Crawford MS. be accepted, this 
rough and ready treatment cannot be sustained. The date 
may easily have got miscopied ; but so remarkable an event as 
seven bishops being consecrated in one day can hardly have 
been invented, and certainly was well known in the tenth 
century. The Cornish more than once took part with the 
Danes against the Saxons ; and a report of this might %weU 



The Division of the Bishopricks of fVessex, 155 

have led the Pope to suppose that they were lapsing into 
paganism, and the Bishop of Sherborne probably found no 
opportunity of visiting Devon and Cornwall during the Danish 
incursions on the coasts of Devon. It is true that Asser, 
whom Canon Jones considers Bishop of Sherborne, did not die 
until 910 ; but it might well have happened that no Bishop 
had been in Somerset, Devon, or Cornwall for seven years be- 
fore 894. And Asser was really domestic prelate to King 
Alfred, and might rather be called Bishop of Cornwall than of 
Sherborne. 

Mansi (Sacr. Council. Tom. xviii, pp. 111-120) discusses at 
considerable length the difficulties of this remarkable record, 
with the corrections suggested by Baronius, Pagi, Wharton, 
Wilkins, and Cossart. The pontificate of Formosus lasted 
from 891 to 895 ; and during that time Alfred the Great was 
King of Wessex, and Edward did not succeed him until 901. 
Flegmimd went to Rome for his consecration in 890, or 891, 
and died in 914. 

Jafie, in his " Regesta Pontificum Romanorum^^ gives among 
the Gesta of Pope Formosus, as occurring a.d. 892-896 : 

^^ He writes to the Bishops of England that it was in his 
mind to excommunicate them, because they had ceased to root 
out the abominable pagan customs which were sprouting out 
afresh in England. But great joy had been brought to him by 
Flegmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, who had brought word 
that they had returned into the right way. He exhorts them 
that they should neither violate Christian faith, or allow the 
flock of God to go astray, be dispersed, or be destroyed 
through lack of pastors, nor permit the churches to stand 
vacant on the death of bishops. He confirms the Primacy of 
the Church of Canterbury." (p. 301.) 

The letter of Formosus, ^^ Audito nefandosj' is given by 
Mansi with Wilkins' dissertation upon it. Birch foUows 
Jaffg, CartuL Sax. ii, p. 214. Cossart considers that the best 
way out of the difficulty is to suppose that the real date of the 



156 Papers^ Sfc, 

English Synod was about 894 ; and that Alfred should be 
substituted for Edward as the name of the King. This is 
precisely what we find in Higden, who says in his Polychroni- 
cojiy Lib. VI, of the year 894 : 

"Plegmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, nobly learned in 
letters, having lately received the pallium from Pope For- 
mosus, in one day ordained seven Bishops for seven Churches 
of the English. This year King Alfred drove out the Danes, 
first from Kent, then from Oxford, and then from Chichester." 

This, however, lands us in another difficulty, that it is stated 
that there were no bishops in Wessex for seven years, whereas 
we find Denwulf, Bishop of Winchester, signing a charter oE 
King Alfred in 889 as Bishop, and in 895 he signs at full 
length : "Ego Denewulfus Wentanae urbis episcopus assencio 
aet conscribo.iji." In a charter of the year 900 for 901, " in 
which year also King Alfred died," Denewulf is styled " that 
venerable Bishop of the city of Winchester." In 902 he gives 
a grant of land to Beomulf ; in 903 he witnesses the Golden 
Charter to the Abbey of Newminster ; in 904 a grant of King 
Edward to St. Peter's, Winchester, and other charters. The 
first grant by Edward to Frithestan, Bishop of Winchester, is 
of A.D. 909 ; and in the same year a grant is made to Dene- 
wulf, Bishop of Winchester, which fixes Denewulfs death as 
in that year. It is true this grant is signed, not by Denewulf, 
but by Frithestan. Unless Frithestan was consecrated as 
coadjutor to Denewulf, it is difficult to see how he could have 
been consecrated by Plegmund in 905, still less in 894. (See 
Birch, Cartnl. Sax. Vol. ii, pp. 169-289.) 

There are no signatures in the Charters published by Birch, 
of either -^thelstan, Bishop of Ramsbury, unless as " Mass 
priest" in 903, Waerstan, Bishop of Sherborne, or iEthelm, 
Bishop of Wells. Waerstan is named in the list of Bishops of 
Sherborne in the Hyde, Liber Vitcs^ and Mr. Clark, in 1873, at 
Sherborne, stated that " Werstan, the fourteenth bishop, fell in 
battle " against the Danes. This was stated probably on the 



The Division of the Bishopricks of fVessex. 157 

authority of William of Malmesbury, who says that he fell in 
the night attack that Anlaf made on the camp of ^thelstan. 
Bishop Stubbs, however, has proved that it could not have been 
Werstan, as Alfred was the Bishop of Sherborne when that 
battle was fought ; and Alfred's signature is found both be- 
fore and after that date, so that it could not have been a 
Bishop of Sherborne that was killed. 

According to the record as preserved in the Abingdon 
Register, and quoted by Wharton, iEthelm was the first 
Bishop of Wells. An old fragment of a history of Wells, 
published by the Camden Society, gives Daniel as its first 
Bishop, in consequence of his having blessed the marriage of 
King Ine with the Queen Ethelburga of Mercia. But the 
account of that marriage is so improbable as to make Daniel's 
episcopate very doubtful, and it was not until 200 years after- 
wards that Wells became an episcopal See. 

For other points of interest in this document, we must refer 
to the Notes of the learned editors of this Crawford Collection 
of Early Charters. 



168 



Papers^ §"c. 



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The Division of the Bishopricks of fVessex. 



159 



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Sn ittDentorp of Cfiurct) ipiate in Somerset. 

Part II* 



Br THE REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. 



AN inventory of the Communion plate of the Deanery- 
districts of Frome and Martock now follows on the 
start made last yean It is not by any means as much as I 
had hoped to do, but man proposes and the influenza indis- 
poses. For the same reason there are no reproduction of 
drawings, but some photographs kindly furnished by friends. 
In these two Deanery-districts there are forty-three ancient 
parishes and chapelries, and seven modem parishes and dis- 
tricts, total fifty. Although there is no instance of mediseval 
silver plate to be recorded, there is a considerable quantity 
of interesting pieces. The Elizabethan cup is found at Lul- 
lington as early as 1562, and there are quite a number of cups 
and covers earlier than 1572, so it is evident that many 
parishes did not wait for the word of command from Wells 
before adopting the new fashion. One consequence of this is 
that we find a greater variety of patterns in the shape and 
ornamentation of these cups, as the work of the silversmith 
I. P. is not found in this county before 1572. In the seven- 
teenth century, there are examples of post-mediaeval chalices 
at Pendomer and Marston Bigot, the latter being a beautiful 
specimen of the high art of the reign of Charles I. At Od- 

^Part I, containing Deanery-districts of Bniton, Gary, Shepton Mallet, 
MerstoQ, and Milborue Port, appeared in vol xliii, ii, 172. 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 



161 



combe is an example of the standing cup of the Edmond's 
pattern, a gift of the last century. There are also some very 
primitive patens at North Perrott, Middle Chinnock, and 
Charterhouse Hinton, which have no regular marks. The 
paten at the last-named place bears a mark which has hitherto 
only been found in Wilts. For the probable maker of the 
Pendomer chalice see notes on that place. Of eighteenth 
century work there is a typical collection at Mells, and a 
beautiful salver and ewer at Montacute. But the possible 
list has been greatly limited by the extraordinary denudation 
of Frome Deanery district in the matter of old plate. Out of 
twenty-four ancient parishes, ten possess no plate older than 
the present reign, and only five retain the Elizabethan^ cups ; 
while, in the Martock district, out of nineteen parishes, ten 
possess the original cups and covers, whose beauty, value, and 
interest, ought to form a triple alliance against the attack of 
the pseudo-medisevalist. 

In conclusion, I desire to return my best thanks to the 
clergy and laity who have so kindly assisted me in making 
these notes. If there is an amari aliquid in the memory, it is 
that a few would not answer their letters, and thereby some- 
what dislocated my plans, but ** all's well that ends well." 

Ptickington Rectory^ Uminster. 



/ 



Chronological List of Church Plate to the end of the 
18th century^ 

MsDiiBVAi* Period. 

Coffin chalice, pewter, at Orchardleigh. 

16th Csktuay avtbr the Reformation. 



1562 Lulliogton, cup and cover. 

1570 Heckington (2), cup and cover. 
West Chinnock, cup and cover. 

1 57 1 Heckington ( I ), cup and cover. 
Chi£ellx>rough, cup and cover. 
East Chinnock, cup and cover. 
Elm, cup and cover. 

North Perrott, cup and cover. 



1573 HardingtonMand., cup and 

cover. 
Montacute, cup and cover. 
Tellisford, cup and cover. 
Thome nr. Yeovil, cup and cover. 

1574 Middle Chinnock, cup and cover. 
Odcombe, cup and cover. 

1592 Witham Friary, cup and cover. 



Vol, XU V (Third Series, Vol. IV), Part II. 



162 



P<$per$^ Sfc. 



SSYKMTEBNTH CeKTURT. 



1601 Norton-sub- Hambdon, cap and 

cover. 
1614 Odcombe, standing cup. 
1619 Brympton^ flagon. 

1627 Orchardleigh, oup and cover. 

1628 Marston Bigot, flagon. 

1629 Brymptoni cap. 

1632 Wanstrow, cover. 

1633 Marston Bigot, chalice. 



1635 Stoke-8-Hamdon. cup and cover. 
Tintinhull, cap and cover, 

1636 Marston Bigot, paten. 

1637 Charterhonse Hmton, cap. 
1661 Kunney, cup. 

1 673 Leigh-on-Mendip , cup and cover. 
1691 Montacute, candlesticks. 

1693 Pendomer, paten. 

1694 North Perrott, paten. 
1699 Brympton, paten. 



Eighteenth Century. 



1705 East Chinnock, cup. 
1708 Marston Bigot, almsdish. 
1711 Froroe, S. John's, Bp. Ken's cup. 
1713 Lufton, cup. 

Montacute, patens. 

Road, paten. 

1720 Beckington, flagon. 

1721 Lufton, paten. 

1724 Leigh-on-Mendip, patens. 
Montacute, salver. 

1725 East Chinnock, salver. 
1730 Woolverton, cup and paten. 
1732 Elm, paten. 



1732 Rodden, paten. 

1737 Nunney, paten. 

1740 Rodden, cup and flagon. 

1742 Haselbury Flucknett, salver. 

1746 Road, cup. 

1748 Mells, set of vessels. 

1752 North Perrott, salvers. 

1755 Mells, knife. 

1758 Martock, paten and flagon. 

1760 Haselbury Plucknett, flagon. 

1768 North Perrott, flagon. 

1783 Nunney, cup. 

1796 Norton-sub-Hamdon, cup. 



Armorials. 



Homer, Mells. 

Hoskyns, Haselbnn^ Plucknett. 
Houlton, Farleigh Hungerford. 
Napier, Montacute. 
Phelips, Montacute. 



Phillips, Montacute, 
SainsDury, Beckington. 
Strangways, Mells. 
Sydemiam, Brympton. 
Worsley. Montacute. 
Wright, Montacute. 



FROME DISTRICT. 

Beckington. — There are here two Elizabethan cups and 
cover, one the result of the Reformation settlement, the other 
a gift of late date. The original cup is a very fine one ; it 
stands 7§in. high, and is parcel-gilt. The bowl is deep and 
trumpet-shaped ; there is one band of running ornament. 
Above and below the stem are bands of small prick-holes. 
The knop has the hyphen ornament ; the foot is plain. The 
cover is also quite plain; on the button is the date 1571. 
Marks (same on both pieces): 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1571 ; 
maker's mark doubtful, perhaps a mullet with fiery points (also 
found at Chiselborough and Elm). 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 163 

The other Elizabethan cup and cover is a year earlier in 
date. The cup stands 7in. high ; the bowl is straight-sided, 
with wide lip ; there is one band of running ornament between 
fillets without the usual upright arabesques at the intersec- 
tions; round the base of the bowl is a belt of egg-and-dart 
ornament, which is also found on the foot. Above and below 
the stem are bands of upright strokes. The knop and perhaps 
the stem seem to have been repaired. The foot rests on an 
added rim of silver plate, on which is engraved : * The gift of 
Elizabeth Langford to the Parish of Beckington 1838.' The 
cover is quite plain. The Sacred Monogram has been en- 
graved on both pieces. Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; 
date-letter for 1570 ; maker's mark, within a circle a cross 
pomm^e ; not in Cripps. 

There is also a good solid plain flagon, 9^in. high to lip. It 
bears the same inscription that is found on the Elizabethan 
cup above. Marks : 2 offic. of Brit, sterling ; date-letter for 
1720 ; maker's mark illegible. Two dishes, 9 Jin. in diameter, 
quite plain, with Sacred Monogram in the centre, and date- 
letter for 1811. Round brim: *The gift of Mrs. Grace 
Sainsbury to the Parish of Beckington 1812.' Arms, in a 
lozenge : Az., within a bord. engr., 3 lozenges conjoined in 
bend or. A small box of plated metal for the service of the 
Holy Table. 

William Sainsbury was patron of Beckington in 1704 ; and 
the family have continued here to the present time, being now 
represented by the Rev. Thomas Ernest Langford Sainsbury. 

Berkley. — A cup, paten and flagon, all intensely modem 
of an uninteresting pattern. The cup is inscribed : * Parish of 
Berkley, Somerset. H. T. Wheler, M.A., Rector a.d. 1852.' 
All the pieces have the date-letter for that year. 

BuCKLAND DiNHAM. — A chalice and paten, parcel-gilt, of 
modem mediaeval design, with the date-letter for 1853. A 
plated dish and two pewter ditto, one patterned over with 
thistles. 



164 Papers^ ^c. 

Chantry. — A modem ecclesiastical parish, formed in 1846. 
The plate consists of a chalice, paten on foot, flagon and alms- 
dish, all good of their kind, with the date-letter for 1846. 

Charterhouse Hinton. — An early seventeenth-century 
cup, which, in its proportions, more resembles the bulkier 
patterns in vogue at the end of the century. It stands 7^in. 
high ; the bowl is cylindrical, with slight lip, perfectly plain ; 
the moulded foot has a flange round the upper part. Marks : 
2 oHic; date-letter for 1637; maker's mark, the initials D. G. 
with an anchor between in shield. The bowl is inscribed : 
' Robert Shaa Junior Churchwarden of Charterhouse Hinton 
in Somwtghr.' His will is in Brown v. 67. It was made 30th 
May, 1657, and proved 13th May, 1658. He was the owner 
of Hinton Abbey Farm. A paten, plain and solid, with a 
wide brim, total width 7^in. It stands on a tall thick stem 
with clumsy foot. The only mark (struck thrice) is a shield 
containing the initials 6. L. above a dog trottant to dexter. 
This mark is also found at Bishop's Knoyle and Winkfield 
(just three miles away), in the adjacent county of Wilts. The 
mark at Bishop's Knoyle is accompanied by the date 1677, 
and the paten here is most probably about this period. It is 
inscribed : * Ex dono Johannis Bayly generosi de Winffeild.' 

Cloford. — The plate is all modern; there are a chalice 
and two patens of mediaeval design, silver-gilt, with the date- 
letter for 1851. 

Elm. — This parish still retains its Elizabethan cup and 
cover. The cup is 7in. high ; there is one band of running 
ornament round the bowl ; the knop has the hyphen ornament; 
above and below the stem are bands of pin-holes ; the foot is 
quite plain. The cover has no ornament about it; on the 
button is the date 1571. Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 
ofEc. ; date-letter for 1571 ; maker's mark, as at Beckington 
q.v. and Chiselborough. There is also a small paten on 
moulded foot, 5^iD. in diameter. Marks : 2 ofEc. ; date-letter 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 165 

for 1732; maker's mark, T.P. in oblong punch, not in Cripps. 
A cup, salver, and flagon of plated metal. 

Farleigh Hungerford. — The church plate of this 
parish has undergone several changes, presumably for the 
worse each time. In 1803, Joseph Houlton, of Farleigh Hun- 
gerford, gave to the church a large silver cup, with handle 
and cover, and three silver plates bearing his arms. Being of 
an inconvenient shape, the cup was exchanged for a chalice 
and paten of modern mediaeval design, with the date-letter for 
1847. A silver flagon was added by the Rev. Henry Ward, 
at that time curate of Farleigh, [' Ex Guide to Farleigh 
Hungerford by Canon Jackson 1879,' communicated by Rev. 
R. W. Baker, rector of the parish.] 

The flagon and a small silver plate have disappeared. The 
two survivors bear the Houlton arms — Arg., on a fess wavy 
betw. 3 talbots' heads az., as many bezants. Crest, a talbot's 
head. Motto, Semper Jidelis. Inscription : ' The gift of 
Joseph Houlton Esq. to the Parish of Farleigh 25th March 
1803.' The date-letter is, however, that for 1805. A glass 
cruet with silver-gilt mountings. 

Frome {S. John's). — The plate here, though beautiful and 
valuable, is of too modem a date to call for a long description. 

A large chalice with paten to match, silver-gilt and enam- 
elled, with the Birmingham date-letter for 1850. A smaller 
chalice and paten silver-gilt, with the date-letter for 1860. 

A ciborium wholly gilt and enriched with precious stones : 
under the foot is an inscription : * + This ciborium constructed 
from two flagons the gifts of Thomas Prigge 1686 and Thomas 
Husbands 1695, and two chalices the gifts of John Ross 
Bishop of Exeter and Vicar 1783 with the jewels added (the 
gift of a Commimicant) is dedicated to the use of the Church 
of S. John of Froome for ever, S. John Bapt. Day 1866. 
Wm. J. E. Bennett Vicar + .' A smaller ciborium also 
wholly gilt with the inscription : * + Presented to William 
James Early Bennett Parish Priest of Frome Selwood, by the 



166 Papers, 8fc. 

Frome Ward of the Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament, 
November 15, 1875.' A very handsome processional cross, 
gilt. Another cross with the inscription : ' This cross is given 
by members of the congregation in memory of Clement John 
Sparkes, Priest — who died in the discharge of his duty in the 
Central African Mission, September 22nd, 1889.' 

But, undoubtedly, the most interesting object among the 
plate is the pocket Communion Service of Bishop Ken, which 
is still preserved in the original case of cuir bouille. This case 
is 5^m, high, covered with stamped patterns, and lined inter- 
nally with green baize. The cup and cover are wholly gilt. 
The cup is 4jVin. high ; the depth of bowl being 2in. This is 
devoid of any embellishment ; it rests on a trumpetnshaped 
stem with moulded foot. The general design is like the illus- 
tration on p. 218 of Cripps' Old English Plate, 5th edit. The 
only mark is that of the maker R.P. above a mullet in heart- 
shaped shield. This mark is given in Cripps under the year 
1640, but the pattern of the cup is like one found in the early 
part of the eighteenth century (Lufton 1713, Sutton Bingham 
1735). It is inscribed : ' Given to the Par*!^ of Froome by the 
late Ld. Bp. Ken 1711.' He died 19 Mar. 1710-1 ; and was 
buried imder the east window of the chancel, where his grave 
may still be seen : 

' A basket-work where ban are bent, iron in plaoe of osier, 
And shapes above that represent a mitre and a crosier.' 

Frome (Christ Church.) — A parish formed in 1844. The 
plate is modem. It consists of a large chalice, paten on foot, 
and almsdish with the hall-marks and date-letter for 1818, 
'the gift of Anne Jenkyns 1818.' A ciborium with cover, 
silver, jewelled, bearing the date-letter for 1885, and this 
inscription : * The gift of Rev. R. Raikes Branage, in memory 
of his wife 1886.' A small chalice (date-letter for 1876), 
'The gift of friends in memory of E. H. H. Branage 1886.' 
A small paten (date-letter for 1886) : 'The gift of the Guild 
of the Good Shepherd, Easter 1886.' Two silver-mounted 



All Inventory of Church Plate. 167 

glass cruets. A silver rack, to fit into ciborium, for carrying 
the Blessed Sacrament to the sick (no mark) presented by 
Rev. S. Cooper 1897. A brass and copper almsdish, embossed 
with figure of our Lord, made by Messrs. Singer in 1886, in 
exchange for a silver chalice of the size and pattern of the 
first above mentioned, the gift of Anne Jenkyns. [This in- 
ventory was kindly furnished by the Rev. S. Cooper, vicar of 
the parish.] 

Frome (Trinity). — A parish formed in 1844. The first 
set of communion vessels were only plated ; but a silver 
chalice and paten were added in 1872. [Communicated.] 

Frome (St. Mary Virg.). — A parish formed in 1873. The 
plate is all modem. It consists of a flagon, chalice, two 
patens, almsdish, and baptismal shell (1897) ; all silver-gilt. 
[Communicated by Rev. H. Hickman, late vicar.] 

Laverton. — The plate here is all modern. It consists of 
a cup, parcel-gilt, egg-cup pattern, with the Sheffield hall- 
mark and date-letter for 1842. The paten on foot has the 
London date-letter for 1851. Each piece bears this inscrip- 
tion : * Presented by the Rev. George Rous to the Parish of 
Laverton 1854.' 

Leigh-on-Mendip. — There is here a cup and cover of the 
time of Charles II, without any regular marks. The cup 
stands 7|in. high ; it is a tall plain vessel with a small knop 
on the stem, and a circular moulded foot. It is inscribed : 
' William Raynes, James Raye, Churchwardens, 1673.' The 
cover is quite plain ; on the foot : * W.R., J.R. + 1673.' 
Each piece bears the same solitary mark (struck thrice), I. P., 
in shaped punch, not in Cripps. A pair of plain patens on 
foot, 7iin. in diameter. Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1724; 
maker's mark, R.B., in oblong punch, with the angles sloped 
off. Underneath the patens are the initials E.I.G., the first 
above the other two. 

LuLLiNGTON. — This parish possesses an Elizabethan cup 
and cover of a considerably earlier date than the generality of 



168 Papers^ 8fc. 

the plate of this reign. The cup is of a peculiar shape ; it 
stands By^in. high ; the bowl is 3Jin. across at lip, and 3Jin. 
deep ; it is perfectly plain. The stem is very short and thick, 
without knop, with a band of upright strokes at either end ; 
the foot is poorly moulded. The cover is also perfectly plain ; 
the stem of the button is abnormally thick. Marks : 2 offic. ; 
date-letter for 1562'; maker's mark, two letters in monogram, 
perhaps P.S., as given in Cripps under that year. A small, 
plain, silver-gilt paten of Victorian era. Pewter : A large 
flagon and a bowl. 

Marston Bigot. — The plate here is remarkable for its 
artistic beauty. The cup is designed after the pattern of a 
mediaeval chalice. It is silver gilt, 9fin. high, with a large 
deep bowl, quite plain. The stem is hexagonal, having a 
large knop with diamond facets. At the bottom of the stem is 
a wide flange ; below this the foot gradually spreads out into 
six semi-circular lobes, elaborately covered with engraved and 
rcpouss^ work. The stem also is engraved with representations 
of single-light Gothic windows. There are two sets of marks 
on this piece. Under the foot : 2 oflic. ; date letter for 1633 ; 
maker's mark W.R., with small ornament above in shield, not 
in Cripps, On the bowl : 2 oflic, and the maker's mark B.F., 
with trefoil slipped below in shield, given by Cripps under 
1635. The paten, diam. 7 in., silver-gilt, on foot, has a wide 
brim, and a broad band of engraved ornament in the central 
depression. Within this band is the sacred monogram sur- 
rounded by a rayei circle. Marks : 2 oflic. ; date letter fur 
1636 ; maker's mark as on l)owl of chalice. A straight-sided 
flagon, silver-gilt, with flat lid. The drum is elaborately 
covered with engraved and repousse work of a different pattern 
to that on the pieces described above. At the base of the 
drum is a bold band of cable pattern. The handle is large 
and plain. The foot is comparatively small. Marks : 2 oflio. ; 
dale letter for 1628 : maker s mark R,S. above a heart in shield. 
A large almsdish, 12^ in. in diameter, silver-gill, elaborately 



An Inventory of Church Plate, 169 

engraved. Marks : 2 ofBc. of Brit, sterling ; date letter for 
1708 ; maker's mark L.O. above a small roundel in shaped 
punch, perhaps a variation of John Lock's mark given in 
Cripps under 1711. 

It is quite impossible to describe the beauty of the engraved 
and repousse work on these pieces, particularly on those of the 
reign of Charles I. It is a striking testimony to the artistic 
taste which the king in the earlier part of his reign did so much 
to foster. 

Mells. — This parish, like so many which have belonged to 
the Strangways-Horner family, has been greatly enriched as 
regards its plate-chest. The gift included a cup 9|in. high, 
with a large bowl encircled by a rib. The stem is trumpet- 
shaped, gradually broadening out into a wide spreading foot. 
On this is engraved a band of cherubs. On the cup is the 
sacred monogram within a rayed circle. This ornamentation 
is found on all the pieces which are fully gilt. Weight of the 
cup, 18oz. Idwt. Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1748 ; 
maker's mark, D.P. in shaped punch= Daniel Piers. The 
inscription runs : 'The gift of Mrs. Strangways Homer, 1748.' 
Arms (in a lozenge) — Quarterly : 1 and 4, sa. 2 lions pass, 
paly of six arg. and gu. (Strangways); 2 and 3, sa. 3 talbots 
pass. 2 and 1, arg. (Homer). Supporters: dexter, a talbot ; 
sinister, a wolf. Motto : Soys ioyevz et ne dovbte pont. By 
these arms the donor can be identified as Susannah, daughter 
and coheiress of Thomas Strangways of Melbury Osmund, 
Esq., and wife of Thomas Homer of Mells, Esq. [See 
more about the family under Milton Clevedon in Bruton 
Deanery.] The paten-cover fits loosely on the cup. It is 
fully gilt, and weighs ooz. 17dwt. Same marks and inscription 
as on cup. Another larger paten on foot, 8|in. across. 
Weight, 15oz. 9dwt. Same marks, etc. A tall flagon, lO^in. 
high to lip, and 12 Jin. to top of domed cover. The drum is of 
an unusual shape, the upper part being cylindrical and then 
gradually swelling out, yet never approaching the amazing 

Vol. XLI V (Third Sities, Vol. J VJ, Part JL y 



170 Papers^ ifc. 

dimensions of the ordinary flagon of this period. The handle 
is engraved with a band of leaves and flowers; and the 
superiority of the workmanship is no doubt due to the fact 
that it was made by Paul Lamerie, whose mark, the initials 
P.L. under a crown, appear on this piece. The other marks 
are the same as on the cup. The weight is 40oz. 18dwt. Of 
a slightly later date is a knife in metal sheath inscribed : ^ The 
gift of Mrs. Strangways Homer to the Parish of Mells 1755.' 
The handle of the knife and the sheath are gilt and orna- 
mented with the acanthus-leaf pattern. There are no marks 
visible. 

The modern plate consists of a chalice and paten fully gilt, 
with the date-letter for 1852. A large and handsome alms- 
dish, silver washed over with burnished copper ; the date 
letter is that for 1853. 

Norton St. Philip. — The plate here is of the Victorian 
era. It consists of a large silver-gilt chalice and paten of 
mediaeval design. There is also a very tall pewter flagon of 
the tankard pattern, with a spreading foot and curious double 
handle. 

Nun net. — The oldest piece of plate here bears the date of 
the year following ^ His Majesty's happy Restoration.' The 
Castle here was besieged and taken by Fairfax in 1645, when 
it is quite possible and probable that the old plate disappeared. 
The general feeling of uncertainty about the future would 
seem to have kept the parish from getting a new cup. [For 
another instance of delay in this period, see under Batcombe 
in Bruton Deanery.] The present cup is of the baluster-stera 
pattern. It stands 6^ inches high ; the bowl is quite plain, 
and the foot is without mouldings. Marks : 2 offic. ; date- 
letter for 1661 ; maker's mark, R.S., with mullet beneath in 
shield. Another cup, no less than lOJ in. high, and 5in. 
across the lip. The stem has an annular knop and moulded 
foot. Marks: 2 offic; date-letter for 1783; maker's mark, 
W.T., in plain punch = Walter Tweedie. The cup is in- 



An Inventory of Church Plate, 17 1 

scribed : * A present to the Parishioners of Noney by their 
affectionate Rector, Samuel Whitchurch.' 

In Som. Arch, and N. H. Proc. XXII, ii, 71, there is a 
paper on Nunney by E. Green, Esq., who traces the history 
of the castle after the sequestration of Col. Richard Prater, 
through the purchasers from the Parliament, Messrs. Foxley 
and Colbey in 1652, to William Whitchurch. The guardians 
of William Whitchurch presented Samuel Whitchurch to the 
rectory 19th April, 1734. As he was buried 11th April, 
1797 [Par. Reg., communicated by the rector], this incum- 
bency lasted nearly sixty-three years. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Coward, of Spargrove, in Batcombe. In 
the church are monuments to three of his children, including 
James Wadham, * the beloved curate of this parish, who was 
called off the 5th day of January, 1776.' 

A plain paten on foot, 6 Jin. in diameter. Inscribed * Nony, 
1737.' Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1737 ; maker's mark, 
I.F. in oblong punch = John ffawdery. 

Orchardleigh. — Here there is preserved a pewter coffin 
chalice, dug up in the churchyard in 1878. It was found on 
the east side of the porch, and was considered by the work- 
man to be an old candlestick, but Mr. Singer pronounced it to 
be a coffin chalice of the thirteenth century [». Proc, xxxix. i. 28. ] 
It is 4^in. high, and 4f in. across the lip of the bowl, which is 
shallow. The stem has an annular knop and circulai* foot. 

The communion plate consists of a cup and cover of a 
Jacobean pattern. The cup is 7^in. high ; the bowl is quite 
plain with slight lip ; the outline is reversed conical. The 
stem and the knop are very coarse, and seem a renovation. 
The foot is moulded. Marks : 2 offic. ; date letter for 1627 ; 
maker's mark illegible. The cover is of the usual pattern 
without a flange. It has the same marks as the cup, and again 
the maker's mark is worn away. 

Road. — A tall, slender cup of the Georgian period. It 
stands 7f in. high ; the bowl is deep in proportion to its width ; 



172 Paper Sy Sfc. 

the stem has an annular knop, and a shallow, spreading foot. 
Marks : 2 offic. ; date letter for 1746 ; maker's mark, the first 
initial is worn away, the second is a capital black-letter ^, 
perhaps the initials of John Swift, entered 1739. A large paten 
on foot. Sin. across. It is inscribed : ^ For the use of the parish 
of Road, 1724.' Marks : 2 ofBc. of Brit, sterling ; date letter 
for 1713; maker's mark an R within a large 6 = Richard 
Greene. A small silver flagon, tankard pattern, with the date 
letter for 1873. Two pewter dishes. 

RoDDEN. — The cup, paten, and flagon were subscribed for 
by the parishioners, and each piece bears the inscription: * The 
gift of the Parishioners of Rodden. William Moore, chappel- 
warden, 1741.* The cup is 7|in. high : the bowl has a slight 
lip ; there is an annular knop on the thick stem ; the foot is 
moulded. Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1740 ; maker's 
mark obliterated. 

The plain paten is 5f in. across, on foot Marks : 2 offic. ; 
date-letter for 1732 ; maker's mark, I.F.= John ffawdery. 
The flagon is simply a larger cup with a spout fitted to the lip 
of the bowl, and a handle placed on the opposite side. The 
lip is scallopped ; and a small rib encircles the middle of the 
bowl. Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1740 ; maker's mark, 
F.S. under a crown in shaped punch = Francis Spilsbury. 

A plain almsdish 8^in. in diameter, inscribed : ^ Presented 
to Rodden Church by Nathaniel Barton Esq. a.d. 1855.' The 
date-letter is for that year. 

Tellisford. — A diminutive cup and cover by I.P. It is 
only 4}§in. high, yet the bowl i^ encircled with two bands of 
running ornament. The knop has a band of hyphens ; the foot 
appears to have been renovated. The cover has one band of 
running ornament ; on the button is the date ^ 1573.' Marks 
(same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1573 ; maker's 
mark, LP. A paten of mediaeval design, with the Elizabethan 
ornamentation round brim, and the date-letter for 1856 ! A 
small silver flagon given in 1870 by the Rev. G. Baker. 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 173 

VoBSTER. — This hamlet was formed into an ecclesiastical 
parish from the civil parish of Mells Jan. 9, 1852. [Kelly, 
P.O. Directory 1897.] The Communion plate is modem. 

Wanstrow. — The only piece of silver plate left here is the 
paten-cover of a vanished cup. It is of the usual pattern, 4^in. 
in diameter, with a small button. Marks : 2 offic. ; date- 
letter for 1632 ; maker's mark, LB., with a buckle beneath in 
shield, given by Cripps under 1638. *the buckle probably re- 
ferring to the maker's name.' 

A plated cup, inscribed : * Presented to the Parish of Wan- 
strow, Somerset by the Rev. E. D. Slade, A.B., Rector Easter 
1834.' A plated flagon inscribed : * Presented to the Parish 
of Wanstrow, Somerset on the reopening of the Church after 
Restoration by the Rev. C. H. Bousfield M.A, curate Oct. 11, 
1876.' The donor, after fruitful labours at Poole, became 
rector of Bratton St. Maur in 1896, and was killed by a fall 
from his tricycle the following year. A plated salver : * Wan- 
strow Church.' 

Whatley. — A chalice and paten, wholly gilt, of good 
medissval design, bearing the date-letter for 1857. A shallow 
dish, 6in. in diameter, wholly gilt, no marks. The only orna- 
ment is a small floriated cross, within circle on the brim. A 
pewter bowl once used as an almsdish. 

WiTHAM Friary. — An Elizabethan cup and cover of late 
date. The cup is 7|in. high, with a deep, narrow bowl devoid 
of ornamentation. The foot is slightly moulded ; the cover is 
also perfectly plain. Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 offlc. ; 
date-letter for 1592 ; maker's mark, M. in shield ; also found 
at East Cranmore (1576), and Odcombe (1574). A silver 
flagon of jug pattern, with date-letter for 1868. 

Woodlands. — The original church here was built by 
Viscount Weymouth in 1712, but the communion plate is of 
the Victorian era. It consists of a chalice and paten, silver- 
gilt, of modem ecclesiastical design, with the date-letter for 
1857. 



174 Papers^ 8fc, 

WooLVERTON. — A large cup of the Georgian era. It 
stands 7|in. high, and weighs l5oz. Idwt. Inscription on the 
bowl runs : ' Woolverton in Cora. Somfett 1731.' Marks: 2 
offic. ; date-letter for 1730; maker's mark, illegible. The 
accompanying paten, though plain, is very good of its kind. 
It measures 5^in. across. There are the same inscription and 
marks as on the cup, and again the maker's mark is obliterated. 
A modem pewter ilagon, and a plated salver. 



MARTOCK DISTRICT. 

Ash. — A modern parish formerly part of Martock. The 
church was built and the plate given in 1841. There are two 
cups, a paten on foot, and a salver, each inscribed : * Trinity 
Chapel, Martock Somerset 1841.' A glass cruet with silver 
fittings was given at the re-consecration of the chancel 1889. 
A small plate, electro. 

Bbympton. — A cup of the baluster-stem pattern with 
cover, very plain. The cup stands 7in. high. Marks : 2 
offic. ; date-letter for 1629 ; maker's mark, C.C. separated by a 
column or tree in shield, given in Cripps under this year. It 
is inscribed : ' The guift of John Sidenham Esq.' The cover 
is 5 Jin. wide with a flange to fit on the lip of the cup, rudely 
made, no marks visible. On the button within an oval sur- 
rounded by mantling is a ram's head charged with the badge 
of Ulster ; underneath the motto Medio tiitissimus. The 
flagon, 8in. high, is of the round-bellied pattern, with a 
rounded lid and a whistle handle. An ugly and clumsily-made 
spout has been added, and openings pierced in the lip to allow 
the contents to be poured out the new way. On the lid and 
the left side of the neck, the latter a very unusual position, are 
the marks: 2 offic, ; date-letter for 1619; maker's mark in 
shield, H.S. with small object beneath. The flagon is inscribed : 
* Given • to • Brmpton • Parish • by • the • Gvarden • of • the • 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 175 

Persone : of • lohn * Sidenhame • Esq^ • his Ma^«« Warde • 
25 • September 1637.' ' The Sydenham crest, on a chapeau a 
wolf rampant, is engraved on the lid and on the front of the 
spout. Mr. Franks has found that this device was the third 
crest of Sir Philip Sydenham, and was therefore added c. 1720, 
after the flagon was given to the Church.' [This is from the 
Proc. Soc. Antiq. 8th May, 1890, kindly communicated by the 
Hon. Sir S. B. Ponsonby Fane of Brympton House, but I 
venture to read the second initial of the maker as an S instead 
of I.] This mark is not in Cripps. John Sydenham, the 
ward, the donor of the flagon, and most probably of the cup 
and cover as well, succeeded his father John 1 0th March, 
1626. He was created a Baronet 1641. His grandson. Sir 
Philip Sydenham, presented a paten on foot with goiffered 
mouldings. It is 8^in. wide. Marks : 2 of Brit, sterling ; 
date-letter for 1699 ; maker's mark, S.H. in elaborate shield ; 
not in Cripps. It is inscribed : ' The gift of y® Honble S^ 
Philip Sydenham Bar* to y« Church of Brympton Anno 
Dom^ 1699.' Within mantling is a shield bearing his arms : 
'A chevron betw. 3 rams trippant.' Crest, ram's head. The 
donor was the last baronet. For an account of his life and 
misfortunes, see Mr. Batten's Historical Notes on South 
Somerset under Brympton. 

Chilthorne Domer. — The plate here is all modem. It 
consists of two cups, two patens, and a flagon, each piece bear- 
ing the date letter for 1817, and the inscription, 'The gift of 
John Bayly, vicar to the parish of Chilthorne, 1817.' The 
donor died in 1857, aged 89 years, after an incumbency of 43 
years' duration ; M.I. in chancel. 

Chiselborough. — An Elizabethan cup and cover, differ- 
ing in details from the usual pattern in the diocese. The cup 
stan:ls 6}in. high ; the bowl is deep and rounded at the base : 
it has one band of running ornament. The stem has a small 
knop ; the foot is flattened and plain. Marks : 2 offic. ; date 
letter for 1571 ; maker's mark doubtful, perhaps a mullet with 



176 Papers, S^c, 

fiery points. This mark is also found at Beckington (1571), 
and Elms (1571), in this county, see ante. It is not in Cripps. 
The cover is devoid of ornament, instead of the usual flat 
button, it has a rounded top, which once had a small object on 
it, but this is now broken off; the whole of the top part may be 
a reparation. It has the same date letter as the cup, but the 
maker's mark are the letters A.K. in monogram as at Ashing- 
ton and Doulting. There is also a chalice with paten of 
mediaeval design, which, with a flagon, were given by Mrs. 
Garrow, widow of the late incumbent, in 1868. A plated 
paten on foot, inscribed — * De : do : Geo : Garrow : Rec : 
Chiselbro', a.d. 1857.' A pewter plate, stamped A.N., on the 
under side is scratched, * Chiselborough Church ; a present 
from John and Amy Davy, Dec. 8, 1833.' 

East Chinnock. — A fine Elizabethan cup and cover, 
silver-gilt. The cup stands 6j^in. high ; the bowl is trumpet- 
shaped with one band of running ornament, but without the 
usual vertical designs at the intersections of the fillets. The 
knop and foot are plain, the latter being slightly moulded. 
The cover is of the usual pattern ; it has been roughly mended ; 
on the bottom is the date 1571. Marks (same on both pieces) : 
2 offic. ; date letter for 1571 ; maker's mark, a bird's head 
erased in shaped punch as on cover (1570) at Holton. 

A very large cup, silver-gilt, lO^in. high. The bowl is 
nearly straight-sided, with a thick, clumsy stem, encircled by 
a rudimentary knop, and a moulded foot. Marks : 2 oflSc. of 
Brit, sterling; date-letter for 1705; maker's initials P.E. in 
shield ; not in Cripps. Partly within and partly without a 
circle on the bowl is a dedicatory inscription : ' The gift of 
Mr. Wm. Salisbury gentleman of Barkin Essex 1705.' * Mr. 
William Salisbury, of Barking, in Essex, who lies buried in 
the chancel here, gave to this parish a large silver cup, gilt, 
for the use of the altar ; and five pounds a year to the poor for 
ever. He also left ten shillings to the minister to preach a 
sermon on the eighteenth day of June, to be paid out of his 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 177 

estate lying in the forest of Neroche, and in the parish of 
Barrington, in this county' — Collinson^ vol. II, p. 328. A 
plain salver, 8|in. in diameter, inscribed ^A gift to the 
Church of East Chinncok {sic) 1726.' Marks : 2 offic. ; date- 
letter for 1725 ; maker's mark, I.S. in shield ; not in Cripps. 

Hardington Mandeville. — An Elizabethan cup and 
cover in good preservation by I.P., and of his usual pattern. 
The cup is 6f in. high ; two bands of ornament round bowl, 
hyphen band round knop and foot. There is also a band of 
ornament round the cover, on the button of which is engraved 
the date 1574. Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; date- 
letter for 1573 ; maker's mark, the initials I.P. in shield. 

Haselbury Plucknett. — ^The cup is very handsome ; it 
stands 6^in. high. The bowl is large ; the upper part is plain ; 
midway there is a band of three-cornered patterns inclosing 
<<mall ornaments ; the lower part of the bowl is fluted. On 
the stem is a small knop ; the spreading foot is elaborately 
moulded. Marks : 2 offic. ; no date-letter visible ; maker's 
mark partly worn away, either I.S. or S.I. in shaped punch. 
So far as it is visible it does not appear to resemble any mark 
in Cripps, The cup somewhat resembles one at Evercreech c. 
1700, and another at Swanage 1692, and may be dated about 
the close of the seventeenth century. A salver with gad- 
rooned edge, on three feet, diam. 6f in. Marks : 2 offic. ; date* 
letter for 1742 ; maker's mark, R.A., in script letters = Robert 
Abercromby, entered 1739. A large and handsome flagon of 
the coffise-pot pattern. It is 10^ in. high to lip, and 12} in. to 
top of lid. Marks: 2 offic; date-letter for 1760; maker's 
initials E.R., probably E. Romer; v. Cripps^ p. 419. The 
flagon is inscribed *The gift of William Hoskins of Hassel- 
bury in the County of Somerset, who died October 12th, 1760.' 
Arms in shield : Per pale gu. and az., a chevr. engr. betw. 
three lions ramp. or. Crest : A cock's head. In the chancel 
of H. P. church there is his monument : * In a vault under- 
neath lies the body of William Hoskyns, late of this parish. 

Vol. XLl r (TkM Series, Vol. I V), Part 11. z 



178 Papers J tfc. 

gentleman, who died the 12th of October, 1760, aged 52 jears. 
Also the body of Joan Hoskjns, his wife, who died the 21st 
of May 1776 aged 62 years.' Arms, etc., as on flagon. 

Long Load. — This tithing, though part of M artock parish, 
has generally possessed a separate place of worship. The 
original building * callyd or ladyes chapell scituate nere unto 
the mansion place of the saide Manor was plucked down and 
solde by the Duke of Suffolk lord of the manor in 1541 ' 
(Som. Rec. Soc. ii. 111, 296). It is some comfort to think 
that the Duke was himself plucked down and beheaded in 
1553. A chalice of silver, weighing 13oz., disappeared in the 
ruins of the chapel. The chapel was re-endowed 1733, but it 
is arguable that it may have been rebuilt at an earlier date, 
as Collinsan^ in 1791, describes it as ^ a small rtdnona building, 
fifty-three feet long, and seventeen wide, with a wooden turret 
at the west end containing a clock and two bells.' The present 
building dates from 1856. The vessels consist of a cup and 
salver of plated metal. Each piece is inscribed ^ Revd. C. 
Harbin; Mr. JosP^ Williams, Mr. WQl™ Perrin, Church- 
wardens, Load 1825.' 

LuFTON. — The cup is one of those shapeless vessels found 
at the dawn of the eighteenth century, and very similar to 
that at Sutton Bingham and Bishop Ken's at Frome. It is 
6^in. high; the bowl passes imperceptibly into the stem 
except that the incised lines mark the boundary. The foot is 
slightly moulded. On the bowl is ^ Lufton.' Marks : 2 of 
Brit, sterling ; date-letter for 1713; maker^s mark, F.A., in 
oblong punch = John Fawdery. A small plain paten on foot ; 
diam. 4^in. Only mark, the initials F.A. as above repeated 
four times in a row. Another paten on large foot, diam 5in. 
Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1721 ; maker's mark, B.N., 
above a fleur-de-lys in heart-shaped punch = Bowles Nash. 

Maktock. — This the largest parish in the Deanery pos- 
sesses hardly any ancient plate. There are two cups of the 
usual pattern of the Victorian era with the date-letter for 



Ah Inventory of Church Plate. 179 

1861. One bears this tell-tale inscription : 'The gift of Eliz : 
Daughter of John Jeans of Aish* To the Communion Table 
of Martock/ 

The patens are also two in number of the usual shape. One 
is of the same date as the cups ; the other has the date letter 
for 1758; 2 ofHc. marks, and the maker's name R. Cox in a 
shaped punch (not in Cripps) ; and the same dedicatory inscrip- 
tion as on the cup. The flagon is a good specimen of its kind, 
tall, the drum slightly increasing in diameter towards the base, 
a massive handle and domed cover. It has the same marks 
and inscription as on the paten. No doubt the gift of Eliza- 
beth Jeans originally included a cup as well as paten and 
flagon. However, when a second cup was provided in 1861, 
it was thought well, for the sake of symmetry, to make it 
match the new comer ; as to which deed one can only say : ^' je 
ne vois pas la necessity." 

Middle Chinnock. — Here there is still preserved the 
original Elizabethan cup and cover (the latter somewhat 
damaged.) The cup is 6fin. high. Contrary to the maker's 
usual practice there is only one belt of running ornament round 
the bowl ; the knop has the hyphen ornament ; the foot is plain. 
The hyphen ornament i^ also fpund on the cover. Marks (same 
on both) : 2 offic. ; date letter for 1574 ; maker's mark LP, 
There is also a rudely designed paten consisting of a flat 
roundel of silver-plate turned up at the rim, and mounted on a 
tall, slender foot ; no marks nor inscription. An electro- 
plated flagon. 

MoNTACUTE. — This parish has some interesting pieces, both 
ecclesiastical and secular. The Elizabethan cup and cover, 
silver-gilt, are of the usual pattern of I.P.'s work. The cup is 
6 Jin. high; on the button of the cover is the date 1574. 
Marks: 2 offic; date letter for 1573; maker's mark, I.P. 
Two patens silver-gilt. Each piece is 8|in. in diameter, with 
a plainly moulded edge. Marks: 2 offic. of Brit, sterling; 

* A hunlet in Martock. 



180 Papers^ Sfc. 

date letter for 1713 ; maker's mark 6, inclosing A in orna- 
mental shield = Francis Garthome. In the centre of each 
piece are the arms of the family of Phelips, of Montacute 
— arg. a chevron betw. 3 roses, gu., in a lozenge supported by 
two lions. Motto, pro aris etfocis. 

A Victorian communion-cup, silver-gilt, with the date letter 
for 1870, bearing the inscription : ' Presented by C. C. 
Goodden, Vicar of Montacute, 1871.' 

A pair of candlesticks silver-gilt on broad octagonal feet. 
The stems are fluted, and there are bands of oblique gadroon 
ornament round the top, the flange at base of stem, and on the 
foot. Marks : 2 ofiic. ; date-letter for 1691 ; maker's mark, 
within a shield the initials D.B. with a small crescent below. 
These initials with crescent in a differently shaped shield are 
ascribed to Buteux in 1685. These pieces are inscribed : ^ In 
memorial of an excellent wife and her 7 children. These are 
D.D. to the use of the alteb {sic) in Montacute Church a.d. 
1796.' This inscription is accompanied by a shield surrounded 
by mantling, bearing : a saltire engr. betw. 4 roses (Napier), 
Imp., a chevron betw. 3 falcons (Worsley). 

A beautiful oblong salver and ewer. The salver is 14in. 
long, and lO^in. wide ; weight, 43oz. 13dwt. The moulded 
edge encloses a band of engraved and repouss^ work. Within 
this is an oval depression. In the centre is a circular flange 
to secure the foot of the ewen Marks : 2 offic. of Brit, ster- 
ling ; date-letter for 1724 ; maker's mark in a shaped punch, 
S.A. under crown ; not in Cripps, Within the flange is a 
silver plate on which is engraved a female figure resting on an 
anchor and supporting a shield bearing the Phelips arms; 
round this is an inscription : * In memory of John Phelips who 
Died in the Service of his Country, a Lieutenant in the Royal 
Navy in the year 1781 Aged 26. This Dish and Ewer Pur- 
chased by his Effects is Dedicated for the Use of the Sacra- 
mental Altar in the Church of Montacute, in the year 1786.' 
The ewer will be best explained by the accompanying illustra- 




MONTACUTE. 

EWER. 

EARLY I8TH CENT. 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 181 

tion (from a photograph taken by W. R. Phelips of Montacute 
House, Esq.) It weighs 30oz. ; there are no marks visible, 
but they may be hidden by a silver plate which has been 
affixed under the spout. On this plate is a shield, bearing : 
Phelips the quarterly coat ue. 1 and 4 Phelips, 2 and 3 on a 
chevr. 3 birds' heads erased (Phillips), Imp. az. within a 
double tressure flory-counter-flory, on a fess betw. 3 martlets 
arg. as many crosses crosslet of the field (Wright). Sup- 
porters and motto as on the patens. 

Sir Nathaniel Napier, Bart., of More Critchell, Dorset, 
married firstly, Jane, daugjltfer ,^f Sir^ Robert Worsley, of 
Appledurcomb, Isle of Wi^ht^' c.and-^lfegf^dlv, Catherine, 
daughter of William Lor^*' AUington, wl*.'4i6d 1724. His 
eldest surviving son, by/U\g ^second marriage, Sir Gerard 
Napier, married Bridget, cBt^lBQ!|lj^{' Edward Phelips, of 
Montacute, and on his death, 23rd October, 1759, was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest surviving son, Sir Gerard Napier, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir W. Oglander, of Nunwell, 
Isle of Wight. He died 26th January, 1765, when the 
Baronetcy became extinct. By his will he divided his prop- 
erty between his cousins, Humphrey Sturt and Edward Phelips. 

Edward Phelips married Maria Wright, and had a family 
of seven children : — 1, Edward, M.P. for Somerset d.v.p. 
1797 ; 2, William, rector of Cucklington and Stoke Trister, 
succeeded his father in 1799 ; 3, John, Lieut. R.N., died 
1781 ; 4, Charles, of Briggins Park, Herts. 1, Elizabeth, m. 
1 John Clarke, Esq., 2 Peter Bluett, Esq. ; 2, Maria, m. John 
Old Goodford, Esq. ; 3, Rhoda, m. William Harbin, Esq. 

North Perrott. — The plate here is interesting and 
curious. An Elizabethan cup and cover of an earlier date 
than is usual in this diocese. The cup is 5§in. high ; there is 
one band of running ornament round the bowl, under its base 
egg-and-dart ornament; above and below the stem bands of 
upright strokes ; on the foot another band of egg-and-dart 
ornament Marks: 2 offic; date-letter for 1571; maker's 



182 Papers^ Sfc, 

mark, a stag's head caboshed in punch, not in Cripps, The 
cover is quite plain ; on the button is the date 157 L Marks : 
2 ofHc. ; date-letter for 1571 ; maker's mark, M.L. in mono- 
gram in shield, not in Cripps. A small paten of peculiar 
design. An octagonal piece of thin silver plate 4|in. across 
has had a circle cut in the middle, and a shallow dish fitted in 
the opening. Round the flat portion is the inscription : STohn 
Myiitem And William Bragge wardens 1694.' There are no 
marks. 

A plain cup, parcel-gilt, 7in.high, inscribed : ' North Perrott 
A.D. MDCCCXIX.' Marks: 3 offic. ; date-letter for 1817. 

A pair of salvers, with gadrooned edges, on three feet ; 
diameter 7f in. Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1752, maker's 
mark in punch I.M., in script letters ; not in Cripps. Same 
inscription, as on cup. A flagon of tankard type, with sloping 
sides, 8in. high to lip, lO^in. to button on lid, diam. of foot 
5§in. It is inscribed : ^ Given to the parish of North Perrott 
by William Hoskins churchwarden 1845.' Marks : 2 offic. ; 
date-letter for 1768; maker's mark, I.K. in oblong punch; 
perhaps the initials of John King. 

Norton-8UB-Hamdon. — A beautiful cup and cover of the 
Elizabethan era. The cup is 7|in. high ; the bowl is deep 
with a slight lip, which is encircled with a band of ornament. 
Bound the middle of the bowl is another band with elaborate 
designs at the intersections of the fillets. This band of orna- 
ment has designs of actual flowers instead of conventional 
patterns ; the rose, convolvulus and acorn being very plain ; at 
the base of the bowl are three fleur-de-lys. The knop and the 
domed part of the foot have hyphen-bands ; on the spread of 
the foot is the egg-and-dart ornament. The cover is of the 
usual shape, with one band of ornament ; on the button is the 
date 1601. Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; date-letter 
for 1601 ; maker's mark, in shield, I.R. above four dots; this 
is not in Cripps. The Rev. A. G. Edwards, rector of the 
parish, kindly took the photograph of the cup and cover. 




NORTON-SUB-HAMDON. 

ELIZABETHAN CUP AND PATEN 

1601. 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 183 

Another cup, parcel-gilt, with band of ornament round lip, and 
the sacred monogram in centre of bowl. The date-letter is that 
for 1796. It bears an inscribed date 1814, so it was no doubt 
part of a donation which also included a flagon and a dish, 
which bears this inscription : ^ The gift of Phillipa Quantock 
to the parish of Norton-sub-Hamdon 1814.' There was in the 
tower of the church, but unfortunately destroyed in the fire of 
August, 1894, a monument : ' Sacred to the memory of 
Phillipa Quantock, who died at Bath, May 13th, 1826, aged 
82. She was the only surviving daughter of Mathew Quan- 
tock, Esq., of Norton-8ub-Hamdon;.in. this County.' [From 
History of Norton-s-Hamdon, "by C. Tratsk,; 1898.] 

Odgombe. — In addition to a fine- Elizabethan cup and 
cover, the parish possesses a magnificent standing cup of the 
Edmonds pattern, specimens oi Whiph.have been already noted 
at Yarlington and Horsington. The Elizabethan cup is 8^in. 
high ; the bowl has one band of running ornament ; above and 
below the stem are bands of raised ovals with pellets in centre ; 
on the spread of the foot is a belt of egg-and-dart ornament. 
These parts are gilt. The cover is of the usual pattern with 
a band of ornament gilt. On the button is the date 1575 in 
such queer figures that it has often been read as 1717. Marks 
(same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1574 ; maker's 
mark, M in shield, as at Cranmore E. 1576, and Witham 1592. 

A plain dish (soup-plate pattiem), 7|in. across with the date- 
letter for 1806. Inscribed : * The gift of Susanna, Wife of the 
Rev. P. A. French, Refetor of Odcombe Somerset a.d. 1808.' 

The standing cup is silver-gilt, 11 Jin. high to lip, the 
diameter oi the bowl being ^\\n. The bowl is divided by a 
small rib into two portions. On the upper part is a represen- 
tation in repousse work of the sea with various sea monsters ; 
the lower part are upright leaves and flowers. Marks : 2 
offic. ; date-letter for 1614 ; maker's mark in a shield, I.M. and 
F.B. The cover is 6^in. high. It has the same representation 
of the sea with monsters and a tub floating on the waves. The 



184 Papers^ 8fc. 

sides of the steeple are not pierced; this detracts from its 
general appearance bj making the cover look heavy. There 
is no inscription on the cup, but in the parish register is this 
note : MTIS, About this time there was given to the parish of 
Odcombe a Large silver-gilt Chalice and Cover, by Mrs. 
Wortley, who was the Relict of Mr. Edmund Brickenden, 
the late Revd Rector of ye Parish of Odcombe. This is re- 
corded in a grateful remembrance of their benefaction by Ed. 
Gilling Curate of Odcomb.' [Communicated by the Rev. E. 
W. Collin, rector of O.] E. Brickenden was instituted 2nd 
July, 1702, and died 15th February, 1707-8. 

Pen DOM ER. — This little parish has a very interesting post- 
mediaeval chalice. It stands 6|in. high ; diameter of bowl at 
lip 3^in., depth 3in. The bowl is straight-sided and circular at 
base. The stem is hexagonal. The round knop is broad and 
clumsy, channelled into ridges terminating in diamond facets. 
Below the knop, the stem widens out into a flat foot with con- 
cave lobes. The projecting points between the lobes terminate 
in small ornaments technically called toes. Here they are 
minute cherubs, only one of which is perfect, the other five 
being partially or wholly destroyed. The foot terminates in 
an upright basement moulding encircled by a flat rim. The 
only mark, partially obliterated, is, perhaps, I.S. in shaped 
punch. The chalice is inscribed : * The gift of the lady Ann 
PoUet to Pendomer Church.' The family of Paulet, of 
Hinton St. George, owned Pendomer from 1630 to 1803. 
John, second Baron Paulet, died in 1665, leaving a widow, 
Anne, second daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Browne, 
Bart. This is the only " Lady Anne Paulet " in the pedigree 
of the family ( Collinson II, 167), and the date agrees very well 
with that when this particular pattern was in fashion [see 
Redlynch in Bruton Deanery, vol. xliii. ii. 197.] Now, in the 
church of the adjacent town of Crewkerne, in the north aisle is 
a monument — * Here lyeth the body of Edward Sweet Gold- 
smith who departed this life the 15 day of March 1684 In the 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 185 

44 year of his age. Here also lyeth the body of Thomas 
Sweet son of Edward and Mary Sweet who departed this life 
the 15 day of April 1713 In the 32 year of his age.' On 
another monument — ^Here lyeth the body of Anna Sweet 
widow who was wife to Mr. Bichard Sweet of this towne gold- 
smith. Shee departed this life the 27th day of February in 
the 72nd year of her age, and was buryed the 5th day of 
March Anno Dom. 1683-4.' It is quite likely, therefore, that 
some earlier member of this family may have made the cup. 
The first initial on the punch, though blurred, is most probably 
an I, the second is certainly an S. 

The cover is of an ordinary pattern with button. On this 
has been engraved the sacred monogram within rayed oircle. 
This seems to have been done after the marks had been struck, 
with the result that the two official marks (and they only) are 
just distinguishable. 

A paten on foot. Sin. in diameter, the rim of plate and foot 
decorated with oblique gadrooning. Marks : 2 offic. ; date 
letter for 1693 ; maker's mark T.B. in shaped punch, perhaps 
Thos. Brydon. In middle of the plate is the sacred monogram 
within rayed circle ; on the underside, ^^ In usum Eoclesiie 
Pendomer in comit. Som'sett 1696." 

Stoke-sub-Hamdon. — Here there is a plain cup and cover 
of the early 17th century work. The cup is 7 fin. high; the 
bowl is conical-shaped, with slight lip ; the stem is thick, with 
an annular knop, the foot moulded. It is inscribed : ' Stoke 
Subhamden 1635.' Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter for 1635 ; 
maker's mark, an anchor between the initials D.6. in shield. 
The cover is flattened with a wide brim. It has the same in- 
scription and marks as the cup. A flagon and paten with a 
cover of plated metal. 

Thorne (near Yeovil). — A small but good specimen of 
I.P/s work. The cup is only 5|in. high ; round the bowl are 
two bands of ornament ; the knop has a band of hyphens ; the 
foot is plain. There is a band of ornament on the paten, on 

Vol. XLl V (Third Smes, Vol. I V), Part II. aa 



186 Papers J 8fc. 

the button * 1574.' Marks (same on both pieces) : 2 offic. ; 
date-letter for 1573 ; maker's mark l.P. 

Some pewter vessels are still preserved. They are a small 
flagon, a gigantic paten on foot (diam. of paten lOf in.), and an 
almsdish. There is also a plated flagon. 

TiNTiNHULL. — At the present time this parish possesses a 
large plain cup and cover very similar to the vessels at 
Ditcheat, which are bj the same maker. The cup is 7|in. 
high ; the foot is moulded ; underneath is an inscription : 
' This Communion Cupp and Cover of Tyntinhull Parish 
Weigheth 18 ounces 12 dw.t.' Marks : 2 offic. ; date-letter 
for 1635 ; maker's mark, B.W. with a rose beneath in shaped 
punch. The cover is 5^in. across ; it has a wide brim and no 
flange ; same marks as on the cup. 

The Churchwardens' Accounts begin in 1433. From the 
extracts published by the Somerset Record Society, Vol. IV, 
p. 175 seg., we learn something about the mediaeval plate. 
1436-7 : It. pro labore de chalys, unde respeec [?], iiijrf. 
1437-8 : It (Received) de tota parochia pro una cruce et 
calice de novo emptis, ut patet per parcellam Ecclesie in 
custod. custodum, xxxvj«. xd. In expensis : It. pro uno calice 
de novo empte per sacramentum computantum, xxxs. It. pro 
una cruce de copre et aurata hoc anno per sacramentum dic- 
torum computantum, xxJ5. After seventy years the parish- 
ioners bought a new chalice ; 1506-7 : It. for making and 
gyltying of a chalyce with costs made in the puttyng owt 
of the said warke, ponderat xxj unc. et dim., xlviij^. yjd. This 
sum is nearly twice as much as the cost of the old one, and 
there are no extracts to tell us how the money was raised. At 
Morebath, Devon, in 1534, a new chalice to replace one which 
had been stolen cost 30«. [p. 209 of op. ciL] The inventory 
for this year includes *ij crewetts ofFsylver.' In 1513 among 
the expenses is an item of xxd. for ' ij peire of crewetts.' 

The extracts become very meagre before they finish in 
11, Eliz., 1569. At some future date it may be possible to 



An Inventory of Church Plate. 187 

find some more items about the plate, and particularly con- 
cerning the change from chalice to cup. At present, in a paper 
with extracts by Rev. J. B. Hyson in Som. Arch. Proc. 
xxxii. ii. 86, I find that in 1614 is this entry : — Laid out for 
new making the silver cup iiiJ5. vjV. This certainly suggests 
the idea that the chalice had survived down to that date, but 
then the question arises, why the parish should have wanted 
another one so soon as 1635. 

West Chinnock. — A fine Elizabethan cup and cover. 
The cup is TyVJ"' high. The bowl is deep ; there is one band 
of running ornament of an unusual pattern, as the central stem, 
from which the conventional leaves, etc., spring, does not wave 
from side to side between the enclosing fillets, but keeps in the 
middle between them. The knop is small with a band of 
hyphens. The outer margin of the foot has a peculiar band 
of ornament made up of alternate bars and pierced circles, 
with pellets in the interstices. Marks : 2 oflic. ; date-letter 
for 1570 ; maker's mark indistinct, perhaps H.B. in a mono- 
gram within a circle ; not in Cripps, The cover is broad with 
a wide band of hyphen marks. Marks : 2 oflSc. ; date-letter 
for 1570 ; maker's mark practically illegible. A small salver 
on three feet and a flagon, both plated. 



^t. anne'0 Ciiapel, IBmUngton. 



BY THE REV. A. RICHARDSON. 



THE manor of Brislington was in the honour of Glouces- 
ter, which included Bristol and Bristol Castle, and was 
given to Robert Fitzhamou by Rufus. 

Fitzhamon's^ eldest daughter and heiress, Mabile, married 
Count Robert, illegitimate son of Henry I, and who was 
created Earl of Gloucester* on his marriage with Mabile, as 
she objected to marry a conmioner.^ 

On the death of Robert Earl of Gloucester the manor of 
Brislington passed to his son, William Earl of Gloucester, 
who, having no heir, left it to Henry II in trust for his 
younger son, John, afterwards King of England, but Henry 
II gave it back to Isabel, sister of William Earl of Glouces- 
ter, and she, on her marriage with King John, requested that 
it might be given to a knight named Sir John de la Warre, in 
whose family it remained until the middle of the sixteenth 
century. The De la Warres were raised to the peerage by 

(1). Fitzhamon is said to have founded Tewkesbury Abbey, where he ia 
buried, and to have been with Rufus at Winchester the niffht before his death 
in the New Forest, of which he was warned by a monk ditlo had a dream, in 
which he saw the King die whilst out hunting. 

(2). Robert Earl of Gloucester espoused the cause of Maud, daughter of 
Henry I, in her war with Stephen, the Conqueror's youngest son, and im- 
prisoned Stephen in Bristol Castle, which he rebuilt. Robert Earl of Glouoes- 
ter's figure is upon one of the Bristol gates, hung up above the entrance to the 
castle at Amo's Vale (the property of J. C. Clayfieid-Ireland, Esq.) 

(3). The story of their marriage is given at len£[th in Se^s Bristol and 
Bristol Past and Present, vol. i, 72. Set Seyer, vol. i, 342 ; Collinson, vol. ii, 
400 ; Bristol Past and Present, vol. i, 70, 71. 



St. Annez Chapel^ BrisUngton. 189 

Edward I, 1298, and one of the family in 1356 was preseM at 
the battle of Poictiers with Edward the Black Prince."* 

The manor was sold by the De la Warre family to the 
Lacys in the sixteenth century, and sold by the Lacys to the 
Langtons in 1653. The Langtons built Langton Court soon 
after coming into possession, which is still standing — the 
former manor house having been situated at the other end of 
the parish towards Filton, now known as the Manor House 
Farm, on the property of J. Cooke-Hurle, Esq.* 

Colonel William Gore married* Miss Langton, the heiress 
to the property, and by right of his wife became owner of the 
manor towards the end of the eighteenth century, and from 
him it passed in direct descent to the present Lord Temple, 
who sold it about fifteen years ago.^ 

William Wycester (in his Itinerary^ page 191) states that 
a certain Lord de la Warre f oimded the chapel of St. Anne, and 
there is little doubt that CoUinson and other writers are 
correct in stating that the founder gave certain endowments 
to the chapel, viz: land for the erection of a house for a 
chaplain at Newycke (traditionally said to have been situated 
where Wick House, the residence of Mr. T. I^arding, now 
stands), and some land at Hanham and Warley Wood. 

The chapel and its endowments are mentioned in a lease 
granted by John, last abbot of Keynsham, on 30th of June, 
1538, to Robert StaflEbrd, yeoman, of Brislington. 

**To all the faithful in Christ to whom this our present 
indented writing cometh, .lohn, by divine permission, 
abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin, and ihe 
blessed Apostles Peter and Paul of Keynsham, in the 

(4). See CollioBoii, vol. ii, 410, 411, who quotes a charter of 8 John for gift 
of manor to De la Warre. 

<5). Mr. J. Cooke-Horle'fl title deeds. 

(6). This marriage is in the Brislington Parish registers of marriages. 

(7). A considerable portion of the ori|^nal manorial estates had naesed 
away preyions to this sale, the village of Brislington having formerly belonged 
to tlie manor, as w^l as property now owned by Messrs. Clayfield-IreUind, 
J. Ckioke-Hnrle, and W. J. Braikenridge, etc 



190 Papers^ Sfc, 

county of Somerset, and the convent of the same place 
send greeting in our Lord everlasting, and know je that 
in the aforesaid abbot and convent bj our unanimous 
assent and consent for the sum of forty shillings sterling 
to us in hand paid by Robert Stafford of Bristtelen, 
yeoman, the receipt, so have granted all that one house, 
situate near the chapel of St. Anne, in the wood at the 
southern part of the said chapel in the parish of Bris- 
lington, in the county aforesaid, and called Newyke, 
with all houses, out-houses, orchards, to the said house 
belonging or appertaining ; also the ' chapel ' or ^ shrine ' 
in which the image of St. Anne formerly was, with the 
cemetery in which the said ' chapel ' or * shrine ' now is 
with all other commodities, profits, advantages, and ease- 
ments and the said house, with the gardens, orchards, 
chapel, and cemetary belonging or appertaining." 
This lease also grants " HamclifFe Wood in West Hannam," 
and " Cosyner's lez under Warley Wood," to Stafford (evi- 
dently the original endowments of the chapel, the gift of Lord 
de la Warre). 

The date of the foundation of the chapel is uncertain, but it 
was after the foundation of Keynsham Abbey in 1170,® as the 
chapel was founded in connection with that abbey. It was 
before 1392, as a will of that date is extant in which a small 
legacy is left to the chapel. 

Dallanay, in his History of Bristol^ thinks that the chapel 
was founded by the same Lord de la Warre, who founded St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital, Bristol. {See Dallany, p. 61). 

Messrs. NichoUs and Taylor, in Bristol Past and Present^ 
place St. Anne's and St. Bartholomew's at the end of the 
thirteenth century. 

Wycester, in his Itinerary^ says St. Bartholomew's Hos- 

(8). Ke3*n8ham Abbey wm founded by William Earl of Glouoester, to the 
memory of hia son Bobert, who died in hia twentieth year (^ee deed, Bristol 
Museum). Styer^ vol i, 253. Farmer'* Notitia Monastica (Som.) Dugdak*s 
Monasticon Anglicanum, voL vi. 



St, Anne 8 Chapel^ Brislington. 191 

pital was formerly a priory of canons regular, founded by the 
ancestors of Lord de la Warre, and adds that it is now a hos- 
pital for poor persons. (Wycester's Itinerary^ p. 408). 

Barrett, in his Bristol Antiquities^ refers to a deed dated 
1386, by which the patronage of St. Bartholomew's Hospital 
was vested in the De la Warre family, "whose ancestors 
founded it." (Barrett, p. 430). 

It is probable that the founder of St. Anne's Chapel and 
also of St. Bartholomew's Hospital was Roger de'la Warre ^ 
raised to the peerage in 1298 by Edward I. He is described in 
the Complete Peerage^ by G. E. C, as of Isfield, Sussex, and 
Wick-Warr, co. Gloucester, in which county it says he had 
considerable estates. 

If this Lord Roger de la Warre (who died seized of Bris- 
lington, 1320, see CoUinson, vol. ii, 411) was the founder, as 
is probable, it will meet Wycester's statement that it was 
founded by a Lord de la Warre (he being first Baron de la 
Warre) ; it will also agree with the date usually given as the 
date of the foundation of the chapel, viz., the thirteenth cen- 
tury, as he died in 1320, an old man, having a son forty years 
old {see CoUinson, vol. ii, 411); and it will also agree with 
Dallanay's surmise as to the foimdation of St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital having been by the same founder as St. Anne's, as 
the land endowments of St. Bartholomew's lay in BrislingUni 
and Wickwarr^ as well as in other parishes in Gloucestershire 
and Somerset. 

In the Record Society's Somerset Feet of Fines, vol. vi, 
p. 237, there is an account of a trial at Westminster, when 
Roger de la Warre, in 1274, claimed the manor of Brislington 
from John, son of Jordan de la Warre, when judgment was 
given in favour of John, but at his decease the said manor 
was " wholly to revert to Roger." It is also stated a^ the 
same trial that the Abbot of Keyusham appeared to put in his 
claim for an endowment^ possibly the Chapel of St. Anne. 

The chapel had evidently become a popular place of pil- 



192 Papersy Sfc. 

grimage before William Wycester's time, 1414 — 1480. In 
his Itinerary he describes its structure as follows : " The 
Chapel of St. Anne contained in length 19 yards ; the breadth 
contained 5 yards ; there are 19 buttresses (Capella SanctcB 
AniKB continet in longitudine 19 virgas ; Latituro ejus continet 
5 virgas; et sunt de hoterasses circa capellium 19). See /f/ii- 
erarj/f p. 408. 

He also describes its interior as follows : 

" The chapel contains two four-sided wax lights, the gift of 
the Weavers' Guild {artes tentorium) which contain in height 
from the ground to the arch of the roof (probably the tower) 
eighty feet, and the through measurement of one four-sided 
light from the Guild of Shoemakers (corduanarii) contains in 
width ten inches, and the breadth eight inches— -and the four- 
sided wax lights given by the Guild of Weavers, contains in 
height to the roof of the chapel, eighty feet, width eight 
inches, breadth seven inches, and in each year the said wax 
lights are renewed about the day of Pentecost, and the wax 
and the making cost £5 (£60 of our modern currency) ; and 
there are in the chapel thirty-two ships and little ships {iiaves 
and naviculo^) and five are of silver, each costing twenty 
shillings, and before the image of St. Anne are thirteen four- 
sided wax lights." 

The first authentic record of St. Anne's Chapel is, as has 
been already alluded to, in a will dated 1392 (a copy of which 
is in the possession of the Bristol Corporation), when John 
Becket, merchant of Bristol, left a small legacy to Sir Richard, 
chaplain of St. Anne's, and another to the abbot and mon- 
astery of Keynsham, of which Sir Richard was doubtless a 
canon, as two tombstones^^ were dug up in the abbey cemetery 

(9). Dallany thinks the shipR were for burning incense and receiving and 
containing offerings, and says that WiUiam Wykeham save one eleemosynary 
dij«h, in the form of a ship, to Winchester Cathedral. He sUm) adds that 
amongst Cardinal Wolsey's plate there were some "lytell shippes," some 
** silver/* and some "gilte," for collecting offerings on Christmas Day. 

(10). These tombstones were broken up some years ago to make coping 
stones for a garden wail by the owner of the Abbey lands. 



St, Anne*s Chapel^ Bri situ (/ton, 193 

some years ago bearing the names of canons of Keynsham, 
who were also chaplains of St. Anne's. 

The inscription on one of them runs as follows : " Here lies 
Walter Joie, canon, formerly custos of the chapel of St. Anne's 
in the wood, on whose soul may The Most High have mercy." 

(Hie lacet Waltemus Joie (or Jocc) canonicus super custos 
capelli Sancti Anni in the w^ode, etc.) 

The lettering is said to be of the sixteenth century in which 
case this was probably the last chaplain of St. Anne. {See 
Journal of Archaeological Society Paper on "Keynsham 
Abbey," by Loftus Brock.) 

Another Bristol Will, relating to St. Anne's chapel, is that 
of Maud Esterfeld, wife of John Esterfeld, dated 21st July, 
1491, in which, amongst other behests, she leaves a gold ring 
to the use of the chapel of St. Anne's in the wood. {See 
Wadley's Bristol mils, p. 177). 

Amongst the illustrious visitors to this chapel was Henry 
VII, who first visited Bristol in the spring of the year, after 
the battle of Bos worth, 1485, and at that visit made a pil- 
grimage to St. Anne's Chapel. 

A manuscript in the Cotonian Library, quoted by Leland 
in his Coll, De Rebus, etc, vol. iv, p. 185, contains this ex- 
tract : 

" And on the morne when the King had dyned he roode on 
pilgrimage to Sainte Anne's in the Woode." 

Elizabeth of York, >vife of Henry VII, also visited the 
chapel during a progress in the West of England, and left an 
offertory of 2s. 6d. 

The following extract is given in her almoner's account : 

" 1502. Ifn the xxi«t day of August to the King's Aul- 
moner — For the queen's offering to St. Anne in the 
wood besides Bristol 17»- vjd. (^See Privy purse ex- 
penses, Elizabeth of York, p. 42). 

The Duke of Buckingham, the builder of Thornbury Castle, 
and the last who held the office of High Constable of England, 

Vol. XLIV (Third Striea, Vol, IV), Part I L hh 



194 Papers^ Sfc. 

made a pilgrimage to St. Anne's in 1508, with his wife and 
daughter, and the following entry is recorded in the duke's 
private account, now at the Record Office : 

" 1508, 6 May. My lord, my lady's, and my young lady's 
oblation to St. Anne in the Wood 78- 4d- " 

The Duke of Buckingham revisited the chapel in 1521, 
shortly before being put to death as a traitor, and the entry 
appears in his account as follows : 

"1521, January. Oblation to St. Anne in the Wood, 7*« " 

There is another previous entry in these accounts relating 
to St. Anne's Chapel, which is given as follows : 

«22 June, 1508. To a Welsh harper at St. Anne's, Is." 
{See Brewer's Letters and Papers of Henry VIIPs Reign^ 
vol. iii, part 1, p. 497). 

There is an interesting reference in Bristol Past and Present 
to a pilgrimage made by two hundred pilgrims from St. Anne's 
to Compostellia, in Spain, in 1448. (See Bristol Past and 
Present^ vol. ii, 126. Quoted from Rymer's Foederaj vol. vi, 
p. 79). 

The historian Leland also refers to St. Anne's Chapel in his 
Itinerary y probably about the year 1542, when he relates : 

" A 2 miles above Bristow was a common Trafectus by bote 
. wher was a chapelle of St. Anne on the same side of the 
Avon that Bath standeth on and heere was great pilgrim- 
age to St. Anne. (Leland's Itinerary^ vol. ii, p. 57). 

But not long after the chapel had become so famous as to 
attract royalty and nobility, the tide of the Reformation had 
set in, and in 1533, Hugh Latimer, then an incumbent of the 
Wiltshire parish of West Kington (then in the Diocese of 
Bath and Wells), was invited by some of the Reformist clergy 
to visit Bristol, and in the pulpits of St. I^icholas and St. 
Thomas he denounced certain doctrines of the Romish church, 
especially pilgrimage, as mischievous and superstitious. 

Being prohibited from preaching in the Diocese of Worces- 
ter, in which diocese Bristol then was, he defended himself, 



St. Anncs Chapel, Brislingtoiu 195 

one of his opponents being Dr. Powell, and in the following 
letter to the Chancellor of the Diocese of Worcester he 
mentioned St. Anne's Chapel as being no less famous for 
pilgrimage than the shrine at Walsingham. 

Latimer to Dr. Bagard (Chancellor of the Diocese of 
Worcester). 
*' The reason why you have not moved your parishioners so 
instantly to pilgrimages as you have to works of charity, 
arises, as I suppose, for lack of scripture to bear you out. 
Therefore, I send you one of Dr. Powell's finding, who 
deriveth pilgrimages to Master John Sharne, Walsing- 
ham SL Annes in the fVood, from the text in St. 
Mathew, xix, 29, 'Every one that foresaketh houses,' 
&c. The seven sacraments he picked out of Psalm xxii 
(xxiii). Dominus regit me. Tuus L."^^ 
But the destruction of what Latimer deemed an evil was 
even nearer than he imagined. In January, 1539, the abbot 
and canons of Keynsham surrendered their monastery to the 
king, and the chapel of St. Anne's, already dismantled, and 
let on lease to Robert Stafford, yeoman of Brislington was 
sold by King Edw. VI, in 1552, to Robert Bridges, a brother 
to Lord Chandos, who, along with this chapel, purchased most 
of the abbey property for a small sum. 

The part of the conveyance referring to the chapel, which 
is slightly different from the lease of 1538, runs as follows : 
" All that Tenement called Newycke with its appurtenances 
situate near the late chapel of St. Anne at Bristleton, 
and all houses, gardens, and profits belonging to the said 
messuage of Newycke. Also all the chapel of St. Anne 
aforesaid, the churchyard where it was situated, and all 
rents belonging to the said messuage, chapel and church- 
yard." 
And then follows the description of the rest of the endowment, 

(11). Thifl controversy is siven at length in Seyeru Memoirs of Bristoli 
vol. ii, 216, and in l^icJMs and Taylar^a Past and Present. 



196 Papers^ Sfc, 

viz., the land at " HamcHiFe Wood in West Hannam and at 
Warley Wood." (See copy of conveyance, Collinson, vol. ii. 
Keynsham Abbey). 

It is impossible to say how much of the chapel had been de- 
molished between the years 1538 and 155^, the time between 
which it was let on lease and sold. 

Probably it shared the fate of other similar edifices, and, be- 
reft of its roof timbers and stained glass windows, it was left 
during this period to fall into decay. 

The walls had probably fallen in or been pulled down before 
1790, as Collinson speaks of the Chapel at that date as being 
" long since ruinated." 

There are old people who say that a portion of the ruins 
were used as a cart-shed when they were children, and that 
this cart-shed was nearly all pulled down, about the year 1860, 
to make a garden wall, on a farm near the chapel, called St. 
Anne's Farm. 

A portion of this ruined cart^shed was, however, still standing 
in 1880, and possibly forms the subject of a sketch made in 
that yeir by a Roman Catholic clergyman, named Father 
Grant. Now almost all these remains are gone, there is little 
more than a grassy mound to mark the site, which is on the 
Brislington side of the Avon, near the end of the lane running 
through St. Anne's Wood, and opposite Crew's Hole, in ^bc 
parish of Hanham. 

The old well and ferry are still in existence, and there is a 
right of way to the ferry and chapel site from both the Somerset 
and Gloucestershire sides of the Avon. 

The names "Pilgrim Inn "and "Pilgrim Street," retained J 
in the village of Brislington, still keep alive the memory of the 
chapel, and though it is gone for ever, yet the romantic asso- 
ciations and natural beauty of the place remain. Nor can any 
one visit this still charming locality so near a great city and 
yet so secluded in its nature, without sympathising with 



( 



St. Annes Chapel^ Brislingtan. 



197 



Collinson who, evidently struck with the quiet beauty of the 
place, writes in 1790: 

" The place where the chapel (long since ruinated) stood is 
but little known, being in a nook of the county opposite Crew's 
Hole, in the parish of Hanham, in Gloucester, by which it is 
divided by the Avon. A more retired spot could hardly be 
found. A deep well,^^ overhung with aged oaks, alders, and 
poplars, bounds its southern aspect ; through it runs a languid 
brook, gently murmuring over a rocky bottom and making 
several waterfalls." 




Ruins on the sfte of St. Anne's Chapel. 
(From a sketch made by Father Orant, in 1880.) 

[The writer of this paper desires to express his thanks to 
the Librarian of the British Museum, the Rev. F. J. 
Poynton, Rector of Kelston, and to Mr. Latimer, of 
Bristol, and also to Mr. dames Sinnott, the present 
owner of St. Anne's Wood, for their kind assistance, 
and wishes to add that Mr. Latimer's Notes on St. Annes^ 
written about ten years ago, for the Bristol and District 
Pathway Preservation Society, contain considerable in- 
formation on the subject.] 

(12). Some coins were found in this well about ten years ago by Father 
Grant, and were as follows : 1. Half groat, Edw. IV ; 2. An abbey token ; 3. A 
half groat, Hen. VII ; 4. A Portuguese coin ; 5. A reckon-penoy or counter. 



Jl^orton Camp. 



BY WILLIAM BIDGOOD. 



THIS ancient entrenchment occupies the crest of a hill of 
slight elevation, but still commanding situation, about 
200 yards to the north of the Church of Norton Fitzwarren. 
The shape of the camp is somewhat roughly circular in form, 
corresponding to the course of the hill on which it is situated. 
From the earthworks forming the fortifications there is a gentle 
slope on all sides to the valley below. The entrenchments con- 
sist of an inner and an outer bank, with a broad ditch between. 
The banks were originally of considerably greater height than 
they are now, and the ditch was much deeper. The effect of 
denudation for so many centuries has been to lessen the height 
of the ramparts and to fill up the ditch. Suflicient, however, 
remains to trace clearly the course of the defences in their 
whole circuit. The enclosure is about 12 or 13 acres in area, 
and being of convenient size for agricultural purposes, the 
entrenchments also forming a good fence, has tended to the 
preservation of this interesting earthwork. There are three 
main entrances, north, west, and south-east. That to the west 
is probably the best preserved, and most typical, although the 
main defences of the camp for some distance on either side of 
it have been obliterated, and a modern hedge substituted. 
This entrance consists of a hollow way, projecting from the 
camp some 400 or 500 feet into the adjoining field, which 
would enable the defenders to sally forth unseen, and attack 
their assailants in the rear : on the other hand, if the invaders 
got possession of the approach, they would be met on reaching 



The Norton Camp. 199 

the camp by a barrier thrown across the road, causing it to 
bifurcate into two narrow passages easily held by the defenders. 
The entrance on the north is prolonged to a much greater 
distance, and terminates in a narrow lane, leading in the direc- 
tion of a place called " Conquest," on the Bishop's Lydeard 
road. This camp appears to be of purely British construction, 
and although remains of Roman occupation have been found 
in the valley below, there is nothing to show that the camp was 
even occupied, much less constructed, by them. Whether it 
be of pre-Roman construction, or of the later British period, it 
probably played its most important part in history at the time 
of the West Saxon conquest of the valley of the Tone. 

At what precise date Norton Camp was captured by the 
West Saxons does not appear. The Parret remained the 
boundary of the Welsh for about a quarter of a century ; but 
in A.D. 683, the Saxon Chronicle records that " Centwine 
drove the Brito-Welsh as far as the sea." This is interpreted 
as the coimtry west of the Parret along the coast to Quantox- 
head, and would have included the forts of Dousborough and 
Ruborough, with the ridge of the Quantocks as the boundary. 
Ine succeeded to the kingdom of the West Saxons in 688, and 
between this date and the close of the century the camp at 
Norton and the rich vale of Taimton Deane would appear to 
have become English, for we find in the early days of the 9th 
century Ine bestowing lands " on the Tan " to the church at 
Glastonbury. This land would have been that represented by 
the parish of West Monkton, which remained as one of the 
possessions of the abbey until the Dissolution. About the 
same period the frontier would appear to have been extended 
southward and westward to the river Tone, and a chain of forts 
ranging from Elworthy Barrows, Clatworthy, Wiveliscombe, 
Bathealton, to Castle Hill near West Buckland, with Taunton 
established as a bulwark on its southern bank. There does not 
appear to have been any further fighting westward, but the 
Saxon Chronicle records, A.n. 709, " Ine and Nunna his kins- 



200 Paper,% ^c. 

man fought against Gerent, king of the Welsh." This must 
have been a most important and probably sanguinary conflict, 
for it is seldom that a British leader is mentioned in the Saxon 
Chronicle, but here it is the king himself who is fighting. The 
result of this campaign would appear to have been the conquest 
of the south-westemi portion of the county — Neroche and II- 
minster district. Castle Neroche would at that time have been 
the principal, if not the only, fort left to the Britons in Somer- 
set, and its possession would have been hotly contested. A 
relic of this fight might, perhaps, exist in a barrow on the 
Blackdown Hills, situate about six miles south-west of Taun- 
ton, and the same distance west of Castle Neroche. On the 
old ordnance map this barrow will be found marked " Noons 
Barrow." The late Mr. Dickinson drew attention to it in the 
early pages of Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries (vol. i, 
p. 159), and suggested that it was the burial-place of Nun or 
Nunna. This is extremely probable, from the circumstance of 
the fight, and the fact that Nunna^s name does not again occur 
in the Chronicle. Had he been living, he woidd certainly have 
been mentioned in Ine's subsequent wars. During one of these 
insurrections, which were constantly occurring among the Eng- 
lish, Taunton appears to have been besieged by the rebels, for 
the Saxon Chronicle records, under date 722, " In this year 
Queen ^Ethelburh (Ine's Queen) destroyed Taunton, which Ine 
had previously built." The king himself was engaged fighting 
elsewhere. This is the first mention of Taunton in history. 
Before Ine's time, the Saxons had become converted to Chris- 
tianity, and the war between the English and Welsh became 
one of subjugation and government, rather than of conquest 
and extermination. His great code of laws deals alike with 
the English and Welsh. 

When Norton Camp was taken by the Saxons, the Britons 
retired to the west and south of the Tone, where they probably 
afterwards dwelt in peace. There are two or three place- 
names which would suggest this : Wiveliscombe is but a slight 



The Norton Camp. 201 

corruption of Waelas-combe, pronounced by the natives Wuls- 
combe. Another place, a little west of Wellington, on the 
Tone, is marked Wellisford on the map, but called Welshford 
by the inhabitants. Wellington as Welshtown, or Waelas- 
town, is not so clear. 

Folk-speech also is important evidence of racial boundaries. 
While there is a very marked distinction between the pronun- 
ciation east and west of the Parret, there is also a correspond- 
ingly conspicuous difference between that east and west of 
Taunton, as Mr. Elworthy has pointed out,* the pronunciation 
gradually shading into the western dialect, until by the time 
we reach Wellington, Wiveliscombe, and the western slopes of 
the Quantocks, the speech has become almost thoroughly 
Devonian in character. This would tend to prove, as well as 
Ine's " Dooms," that, after their conversion to Christianity, the 
English did not drive the conquered Britons out of the country 
altogether, but that they lived on peaceably and intermarried. 
Indeed, there is some suspicion that Ine himself was half a 
Welshman. 

There is also a noticeable difference in the physical appear- 
ance of the inhabitants westward, a larger proportion of shorter, 
thick-set people, with dark complexion and black hair, being 
observable, and this distinction increases until on Exmoor and 
in Devonshire it becomes the rule. 

Local traditions and legends are worth sifting, as generally 
there may be found some foundation on which they have been 
built up. Thus the old rhyme 

" Norton was a market town 
When Taunton was a furzy down/' 

has some truth in it, for Norton Camp is undoubtedly a place 
of greater antiquity than Taunton, and although the latter was 
never a furzy down, the soil being more congenial to the 
growth of alder, withies, sedges, and equisetum, than to heath 

• " Dialect of Weat Somertet," p. 6. 

Vol. XL/ V (Third Series, Vol. lY), Part IL cc 



202 Papers, ^c. 

or gorse, yet on the north side it was certainly a morass.' ' The 
^ selection of its site for the building of Ine's new fortress would 
seem to mark ai. fresh era in fortification — a system in which 
the ordinary defences of earthworks and palisades are strength- 
ened by an outer ditch of water. It is also interesting to note 
that the date of its foundation is nearly two hundred years 
earlier than any other fortress mentioned in the Saxon 
chronicle. 

The legend of the Dragon who lived on Norton Camp and 
ravaged the country round, descending into the valley, de- 
vouring the inhabitants and their flocks, has some foundation. 
It will be remembered that the Dragon was the Standard of 
the West Saxons. Freeman makes frequent mention of this 
in his History of the Norman Conquest^ and we might easily 
imagine how this monster, stuck on the top of a pole and 
planted on the camp, menacing the people in the valley below 
inspired the inhabitants with awe and superstitious wonder. 
And such a hold does the legend appear to have had on the 
people, that down to mediseval times it was strongly be- 
lieved in, for on the beautifully carved fifteenth century 
screen of the parish church of Norton Fitzwarren, it is de- 
picted in the form of reptiles resembling crocodiles, seizing 
and devouring men at the plough, and even women and 
children seem not to have been exempt from their ravages. It 
may well have been, however, that this dragon legend was 
turned to account in the religious fervour of the middle ages, 
and served to typify the evil spirit going about seeking whom 
he might devour. Even in our own day th^ inhabitants will 
tell you of the pestiferous reptile that once upon a time lived 
on the hill, bred from the corruption of human bodies, breath- 
ing disease and death around. Similar dragon legends exist 
elsewhere, associated with stories of great battles. At the 
present time the Wessex Dragon, or rather the modem her- 
aldic representation of this mythical monster, waves over the 
Society's Castle of Taunton. 



\ 

9n (Sarip Cbapter of tfie ^i0tocp of ^eoMiV 

BY JOHN BATTEN. 



YEOVIL, according to the Domesday Survey, contained 
altogether eight hides, two of which were held by 
Robert, Earl of Moretain, and the remaining six by William 
de Ou, who had sublet them to Hugh Maltravers — a name 
latinized in the Inq. Gheldi as ^^ Hugo Malus-transitus." He 
was also William de Ou's tenant of Hinton Blewet, in Somer- 
set, and of the manors of Mappowder, Lidlinch, Stourton- 
Candel, Candel-wake, Litchet Maltravei^s and Woolcombe 
Maltravers in Dorset. 

William de Ou and William de Moretain (son and successor 
of Earl Robert) were attainted for taking part in the rebellion 
against William Rufus in 1088, and their possessions at 
Yeovil and elsewhere were forfeited to the Crown (Freeman's 
Norman Conquest L 33), but Hugh Maltravers was probably 
not disturbed in his holding, as one of the same name, by 
charter, without date, gave to the Priory of Montacute his 
" land near Preston (i.^., Preston Plucknet) by Southbroke," 
which gift was confirmed by John Maltravers of Gyvele 
(Yeovil) in 1262 (Montacute Cartulary^ Som. Rec. Soc). At 
a very early period, a portion of Gyvele had been conferred 
on the Church and endowed with special rights and immunities 
as a " Free Ville or Liberty," but, in the early part of the reign 

* This article lAioiild be read in connection with an address by the present 
writer at tiie meeting of the Society in 188u (Me vol. xxxii). 



J 



204 Papers, Sfc. 

of Henry III, it was known only by tradition that the donor 
was the ^' daughter of a certain king " (see more on this head. 
Proceedings, vol. xxxii, p. 11). 

The royal endowment (to which perhaps Collinson alludes 
in his History, vol. iii, p. 205) did not extend to the advowson 
of Gyvele, which remained appendant to the Maltravers manor, 
out of which, we may fairly presmne, the endowment was 
taken, and the Maltravers family remained in possession of it 
for many generations, as well as of that part of William de 
Ou's six hides, which afterwards became known as the manor 
of Henford Maltravers, answering to the modem tything of 
that name, in which, indeed, the church is situated. 

As to the remainder of the six hides we are left pretty 
much to conjecture, but, in the reign of King John, it had 
certainly become a separate manor, known as the manor of 
Kingston juxta Yeovil, and answering to the modem tythings 
of Wigdon and Huntley. 

Of the two hides held by the Earl of Moretain, one of them 
may have been the manor of Newton which was held by 
the family of DeGouiz, descendants of Roger Arundel, the 
Domesday tenant of many manors in Somerset, and the other, 
answering to the manor of Lyde, belonged to the Fitzpayns. 

The earliest owner of Kingston that has been traced is 
Hugh Fitz Hugh, alias Hugh de Say, second son of Hugh 
Fitz Osbem, Lord of Richard's Castle, in Herefordshire, and 
Eustachia his wife, who was daughter and heiress of Theodoric 
de Say, Lord of Stoke Say, in Shropshire. In honour of 
their mother, this Hugh and his elder brother, Osbert Fitz 
Hugh, assumed her paternal name of de Say, which was 
home also by the descendants of Hugh, who only left issue. 
Richard's Castle lies in a village to which it gives its name, 
about four miles S.W. of Ludlow, close to the old church of 
St. Bartholomew. The site, from its great eminence and com- 
manding position, is evidently adapted for a fortress of unusual 
strength, and here, Richard Fitz Scrob and his son Osbem, 



An Early Chapter of the History of YeoviL 205 

in the time of Edward the Confessor, raised, according to 
Freeman the historian, ^' the first castle on English ground " 
(Norman Conquest^ vol. i). According to him, this was the 
castle the surrender of which was demanded by the rebellious 
Earl Godwin in the year 1051, Since the death of Mr. 
Freeman, his version of the transaction has been attacked 
by an able, but severe critic, who contends that the castle was 
not Richard's Castle but the Castle of Euyas Harold in the 
same county, and that Freeman confused Osbern, son of 
Richard Fitz Scrob, with another Osbern, whose surname was 
Pentecost (Round's Feudal England^ p. 320). Leaving wiser 
men to decide such a momentous question, our course will now 
follow that of de Say, in whom the blood of Fitz Osbern was 
absorbed. 

The family of de Say was of Norman origin. In the reign 
of Henry I, Jordan de Say and Lucy, his wife, in conjunction 
with Richard de Hiunet (the King's Constable of Normandy) 
and Agnes, his wife (a daughter of Jordan de Say), foimded 
the Abbey of Aunay in the Diocese of Bayeux, and their son, 
Gilbert de Say, contributed to its endowment (Neustria Pia^ 
759-60 ; Gallia Christiana XI Instrumental D*Anisy Extraits 
de Cartes Normandes /, 46, p. 89 ; Stapleton's Normandy /, 
Ixxxv, clxxxii.) 

In England, their first seat appears to have been at Clun, 
in Shropshire, and Stokesay was, in 1115, acquired from 
Walter de Lucy by Picot de Say, the grand-father of Eustachia, 
wife of Hugh Fitz Osbern. The family also held lands in 
Oxfordshire, where Jordan de Say was excused a debt due to 
the Crown in 1131 (Pipe Roll^ 31, Hen, I) Oxon^ and it may 
be assumed that 'this related to his manor of Solethom (now 
Souldem),- the church of which he bestowed on the neighbour- 
ing Abbey of Egnesham (Kennett's Parochial Antiquities /, 
193, 252, 500 ; Cott. MSS., Claud A 8, p. 135). 

On the death s.p. of his elder brother, Osbert, Hugh de 
Say (I) succeeded to Richard's Castle (which, on account 



206 Papers, Sfc. 

of the number of knights' fees held of it, was styled the 
Honour of Richard's Castle) and married Lucy, younger 
daughter of Walter de Clifford, and sister of Fair Rosamond, 
the celebrated mistress of Henry II (Dugd. Man, IL 49, 855), 
whose unfortunate life and miserable end are well known, and 
— what is perhaps not so well known — whose remains were 
not allowed to rest in the sanctuary of her tomb, but were, in 
1191 (3 Ric. I) by order of Hugh, the stem Bishop of Lincoln, 
exhumed and cast out of the conventual Church of Godsall. 
Hugh de Say must have died before 1177, as in the Pipe 
Roll for that year {23 Hen, II, Som. and Dors.) she paid 
seventy-five marks for license to marry again and to enjoy 
her dower in peace, and in right of it she presented Thomas 
Maltravers to the Chapel of All Saints, Kingston. There 
was issue of the marriage according to the historians of 
Worcestershire (Nash I, 241), and Shropshire (Eyton, 303), 
two sons only — Richard, who died s.p. and Hugh (II), who 
succeeded to Richard's Castle. He married Mabel, daughter 
of Robert Marmion, and left at his death, before 1204, two 
sons, who died s.p., and two daughters, Ijucy and Margaret, 
but Lucy dying, her sister became sole heiress to their father's 
great possessions. On the 20th October, 1204, the Sheriff of 
Somerset was ordered to give possession of the manor of 
" Giffle," " quod fuit Luce de Say aine fil de Hug de Say^^ to 
William Cantilupe. This was probably a grant of the 
wardship of the infant Margaret, but on the 8th of November 
following, the same sheriff was directed to deliver the 
manor to Gilbert de Say, and two years after to restore 
to Nicholas de Say his land in " Giffle " which Gilbert de Say 
held ( Chse Rolls, 6 John). Gilbert was a third son of 
Hugh (I) as is shewn by the record of a trial between him 
and John Maltravers, in 1213-14, relating to the Chapel 
of Kingston, when he proved, to the satisfaction of the 
jury, that Lucy de Say, "his mother," had presented the 
last clerk (Thomas Maltravers) in right of her dower (Rot. 



An Early Chapter of the History of VeoviL 207 

Cttr., 15 John, Nos. 58-9). In addition to this, Gilbert 
was asHessed in the aid (13 John) for one knight's fee in 
Gyvele CLib. Rub^. He had a sister, Lucy, married to 
Thomas de Ardeme, and in 1216 (17 John), the Sheriff 
of Somerset was ordered to enquire, by jury, whether Hugh 
de Say, father of Margaret, then the wife of Robert de 
Mortimer, had given to Thomas de Arderne the manor of 
Soulthorn in exchange for the manor of " GilHe," and whether 
Soulthom was the inheritance of Hugh, and if so, the sheriff 
was to give possession of Soulthorn to Robert and Margaret 
( Close Rolls). It is probable that the sheriff's return to the 
writ was in the negative, as we find that the Ardeme family 
continued in the possession of Soulthom, and, in 1255, Ralph 
de Ardeme held that manor of the Barony of Richard's 
Castle (Eyton's Salop II, 33, quoting Rot. Hund. II, 44). 

It is very evident that there were many complications and 
conflicting claims relating to the paternal estates inherited by 
Margaret de Say — which extended to those in Somersetshire, 
as well as Shropshire and Worcestershire — and Robert de 
Mortimer, her husband, was (according to the historian of 
Shropshire (Eyton iv. 303) forced to take proceedings against 
Gilbert de Say and others in order to recover them. He must 
have succeeded, ultimately, as he certified that he held no les^ 
than " twenty-three fees of the Honour of Richard's Castle by 
his marriage with the daughter of Hugh de Say, heir of 
Osbert Fitzhugh" (AiA. Niy. /, p. 159). Robert de Mortimer, 
who was a younger son of Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 
was the second husband of Margaret de Say, and they were 
married before 1216 (17 John), as in that year he obtained a 
grant from the king of all lands in Berewic, Sussex, which 
formerly belonged to Mabel de Say, mother of Margery his 
wife (Dugd. Bar. /, 152). Her first husband was Hugh de 
Ferriers, and before 1221, she had married her third, WiUiam 
de Stuteville. She had issue only by De Mortimer, and from 
them the Mortimers of Richard's Castle and their successors 



208 Pa-pers, ^c. 

in the female line, the Talbots, were descended. The male line 
of the Talbots failed on the death of John Talbot, under age 
(12 Richard II), when the Honour of Richard's Castle fell to 
his three sisters and co-heiresses, Elizabeth, wife of Warin 
Archdeene, Kt. ; Philippa, wife of Matthew Goumay and 
Alianor, who died immarried (Nash I, 241). 

Richard de Say, brother of Gilbert, appears to have bought 
Kingston juxta Yeovil of Margaret de Say, after her marriage 
with Stuteville, for by a fine dated in 1221, between William 
de Stuteville and Margery his wife, plaintiffs, and Richard de 
Say, defendant, in consideration of 100 marks of silver, they 
conveyed to Richard and his heirs four carucates [or hides] 
of land in Gy vele, under the service of one knight's fee to be 
rendered to them, and the heirs of Margery {Somt. Finesj 
5 Hen. Ill, No. 4). Not long after he confirmed to the 
Canons of Haghmond, Salop, a gift made to them by Lucy, 
his mother (Dugd. Mon. 11^ 46), and by another charter made 
in "The Great Church of Gyvele in 1226, he gave lands in 
Gyvele (part no doubt of his purchase) to the Priory of 
Montacute, reserving prayers for Lucy, his mother, on her 
'obit,' for which provision had been made by *Lord Gilbert, 
his brother,' by the gift of two measures of wheat every year. 
He died soon after 8.p. leaving his brother Gilbert his heir, 
and Lucy de Arderne, his sister, who, ' in her widowhood,' gave 
one furlong of land in Gyvele to the same Priory as *a 
pittance,' to be bestowed every year on the anniversary [of 
the death] of Richard de Say, her brother" (Montacute 
Cartulary^ Nos. 35-36, Som. Rec. Soc). 

Thomas de Arderne, the husband of Lucy de Say, may 
have been one of the Ardernes of Warwickshire, as Dugdale, 
in his history for that county, mentions one of that name who 
before 6 John had married a wife whose Christian name was 
Lucy, but whose paternal name was unknown to him. She 
was living he says 1 Hen. Ill (1216). In the pedigree he 
gives of the family, the names of Thomas and Ralph frequently 



An Early Chapter of the History of Yeovih 209 

occur, which, as we shall see hereafter, were borne by the 
Yeovil branch (Dugd, Hist. Warwickshire 11^ 925). 

There can be little doubt that the original seat of the 
Yeovil branch of the Ardemes was at Homdown, in Essex. 
In 1122, Thomas de Arderne and Thomas, his son, gave to 
the Abbey of Bermondsey the Chapel of St. George, in South- 
wark, and the tithes of their demesne on Horndon. Ralph de 
Arderne, in the reign of Hen. II, married Annabella, second 
daughter of the illustrious Ralph de Glanville, Chief Justiciary 
of England {Annals of Bermondsey //, 246), from whom 
descended another Ralph, who acquired lands in Yeovil, and 
died before 1259, in which year Erneburga, his widow, brought 
an action for the recovery of one-third of a messuage, and 
twelve acres of land in Yeovil as part of her dower out of her 
husband's lands in Essex and Somerset, and Hugh de Mortimer, 
son and heir of Margaret, as guardian of Thomas, the infant 
son of Ralph, was called to warrant her title (De Banco Roll^ 
Mich., 43-4 Hen. Ill, No. 15, memb. 35d). She must have 
succeeded in her claim, as she sold her life-interest in the 
Yeovil lands to one Richard de Collworth, who forfeited them 
for joining in the rebellion of the Barons against Hen. J II, 
and possession was taken by the above Hugh de Mor- 
timer as guardian of Thomas {Inq. de Rebellihus^ 49 Hen. 
Ill, No. 113). Putting the above facts together, there can 
be no doubt that Thomas de Arderne, who married Lucy de 
Say, was the father of Ralph, of Essex, who inherited her 
lands in Yeovil, and left a son, Thomas, to whom (subject to 
the dower of Erneburga) they descended in the reign of 
Hen. III. It may be that this last-named Thomas was the 
husband of Hugelina de Nevile, for, in the year 1294, an 
assize was held to try if John do Wigton, Robert Fitzpayn, 
and John, the vicar of Yevele, had disseised her of a tenement 
in Yevele, and of her manor of Yevele, and a plea being put 
in that she had a husband living — Thomas de Arderne — who 
was not named in the writ, it was adjudged that he ought to 

Vol, XU V (Third Series, Vol, IV), Part IL dd 



210 Papers^ §-c. 

have been joined, (Ass, Div, Cos,^ 22 Edw. I, N. 2. 8.-8). 
Proceeding now to Gilbert de Say, he married Matilda, 
daughter of Matthew de Clivedon, Lord of Milton, near 
Bruton, and Isabella, his wife, who was a daughter of William 
de Montague of Sutton Montague or Montis, in this county, 
which event involved him in litigation with his wife's family 
{De Banco Rolls^ Michaelmas term 7-8, Hen. Ill ; H. Hil 
term 10, Hen, III). On his death (which must have occurred 
soon after), his property at Yeovil, including the lands which 
he inherited from his brother Richard, descended to his two 
daughters and co-heiresses, Edith, the wife of Thomas de 
Huntley, and Matilda, wife of Thomas de Arderne, son and 
heir of Ralph, already mentioned. The two sisters made 
partition of their inheritance, and Edith took that part 
called "La Marshe," now the hamlet of Yeovil Marsh, and 
Matilda the remainder, which retained the name of Kingston 
{De Banco Rollsj Michaelmas, 43 Edw. Ill, 150). In the early 
part of the reign of Edward I, Kingston passed, by sale no doubt, 
to Walter de Wigton, Lord of Wigton in Cumberland (Nichol- 
son's Cumberland Ily 190), from whom, at his death in 1286, it 
descended to John de Wigton, his son and heir, then 22 years 
of age. In the Inquisition, p.m. of Walter, it is described as 
half a knight's fee of the Honour of Burford, held of Lord 
Robert de Mortimer, and consisting of a capital messuage, 
200a. of arable, 10a. mead., I5a. wood, 9a. past., £6 Os. 5d. ; 
rents of freehold tenants, £5 10s. ; rents of villeins and pleas 
of Court (Esch. 14 Edw. I, ws. 15). Robert de Mortimer, 
the superior lord, died about the same time, as by an inquisi- 
tion of the fees belonging to him the jury found that Thomas 
de Huntley (Edith, his wife, being probably dead) held of him 
the manor of Marshe by half a knight's fee, and John de 
Wigton, the manor of Kingston by another half-fee — the 
yearly value of which was £21, besides the advowson of a free 
chapel, within the Court of Kingston, worth 100s. a year (Esch., 
15 Edw. I, No. 30). By a fine in the same year (14 Edw. I), 



An Early Chapter of the History of YcoviL 211 

between John de Lovetot (one of the Justices itinerant who 
was closely connected with John de Wigton) pit., and Thos. 
de Arderne, deft, (made in the presence and with the consent 
of John de Wigton) two knights' fees, from the Manor of 
Kingston in Yeovil, with the appurtenances, viz., the homage 
and service of John de Wigton and his heirs of the whole 
tenement formerly held of the said Thomas in Kingston were 
limited to John de Lovetot and his heirs for ever. This 
transaction appears to have been a technical contrivance for 
enabling de Arderne to convey his interest in the manor, for 
by a fine of even date between John de Wigton, pit., and 
Thos. de Arderne, deft., he released the manor of Kingston 
to de Wigton, subject to a yearly rent of £20, payable to 
to him for his life (Somt. Fines^ 14 Edw. I, Nos. 90-1). John 
de Wigton died about 1315, and there being a doubt respecting 
the legitimacy of his daughter Margaret, his five sisters were 
at first foimd to be his heirs (Esch., 8 Edw. II, No. 61 ; Close 
Rolls, 13 Edw. I), but the ecclesiastical authority having 
certified that she was legitimate, she succeeded her father as 
his sole heir (Plac. Abbrev., 316).^ 

Before his death, John de Wigton sold Kingston to Sir 
Robert Fitzpayn (the third of that name), first Baron Fitz- 
payn, who died about 1316 (Esch., 9 Edw. II, No. 65), leaving 
a son and heir, Robert (IV). The manor was taken into the 
king's hands as belonging to the heirs of John de Wigton, and 
granted to Thos. de Marlberge during pleasure, the heirs of 
de Wigton denying Fitzpayn's right, alleging that the sale to 
him was only for his life, but the court was satisfied from 
the evidence that he bought the fee and inheritance, and so 
it was adjudged (Abbrev. Rot. orig., 9 Edw. II, No. 3 ; Mam. 
Rolls, L.T.R., 13 Edw. II, Rot. 8). 

The Fitzpayns were a family of distinction, possessing large 

1 At that period the marriage of the parents after the birth of children 
rendered them legitimate, but the widow in such a case was not entitled to 
dower, as Diompia, the widow of John de Wigton, made several unsuccessful 
attempts to recover it. 



212 Papers^ ifc. 

estates in the western counties. Robert Fitzpajn (the first 
of that name) being Lord of Cheddon, near Taunton, in the 
reign of Hen. II. Roger, his son, held the manor of Lyde, 
in Yeovil, on right of his wife Margaret, one of the three 
sisters and co-heiresses of Alured de Lincoln, a descendant of 
Roger Arundel, the Domesday tenant of large possessions in 
the west, one of which, it has been suggested, was Lyde, under 
the name of Eslade. Robert Fitzpayn (IV) married Ela, 
widow of John Mareschal (Bank's Baronage 11^ app., p. 9), 
and a daughter of Guy, Lord de Bryan {Complete Peerage, by 
G.E.C., title Bryan). Having no son, he adopted Robert de 
Gray, of Codnore, and settled the bulk of his estates on him 
and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Guy de Bryan, jun., in 
special tail, but he reserved the manor of Kingston with the 
advowson of the chapel, and, in 1344, settled it on his only 
child Isabella, wife of John de Chydiok, of Chydiok, Dorset (I) 
(Somt. Fines, 19 Edw. Ill, No. 35), and died in 1355, seized 
of an annual rent of £6 7s., (charged upon certain lands in a 
street called Ford Street, in Kingston) ; a messuage and caru- 
cate of land at La Lude (Lyde); and the reversion of another 
messuage and lands at Yeovil Marsh, called Walrond's Marsh. 
After the death of John and Isabella, they were succeeded by 
three generations of sons (all Sir John de Chydiok), but, in 
the time of the fourth Sir John, there occurs a break in the 
title which awaits explanation. Towards the end of the reign 
of Ric. II, the manor of Kingston with the advowson of the 
chapel there, was in the possession of the Earls of Kent* 
The first of these was Thos. de Holand, a distinguished 
knight in the service of the Black Prince, who married de 
Holand's mother—" the fair maid of Kent." The Earl died in 
1397 (Esch., 20 Ric. II, No. 30) and was succeeded by his son, 
a second Thos. de Holand, also Earl of Kent, who, having 
joined in the conspiracy against the new King, Henry IV, was 
beheaded in 1399 (Esch., 22 Ric. II, No. 21). I have no 
means of ascertaining how they acquired any interest in the 



An Early Chapter of the History of YeoviL 213 

manor, but it is probable that John de Chydiok (III) had 
mortgaged it to the first Earl, which led to usual complica- 
tions, and that, after his death, when his son John (IV), who 
was left a minor, had attained his majority, the wbole matter 
was settled and mutual releases exchanged. This suggestion 
is strengthened by the fact that a deed is still extant, by 
which Chydiok released to Alice, Countess of Kent, and 
others, all actions and claims concerning the manor of Kingston, 
or any other lands in the parish of Yeovil (Close Rolby 3 Hen. 
IV, No. 10). . 

Turning now to Edith dc Say and her husband, Thomas de 
Huntley, I have not been able to trace his family any 
farther back than this Thomas, or to identify the place from 
which they derived their name, but they were afterwards con- 
siderable land*owners in several manors called Adhere, in the 
adjoining parish of Mudford. Parts of these manors had be- 
longed to the great estates of the Mohuns, in Somerset, but, 
in 1311, GeoiFrey de Mohun and Margery his wife, settled 
them by the description of a messuage, 3 carucates of land, 
30a. meadow, 26a. wood, and 11 marcs of rent in Nether 
Attbere, Over Attebere and Homere, on themselves for life, 
remainder to the heirs of his body ; remainder to Nicholas, 
his brother, in tail ; remainder to David, son of Thomas de 
Huntley, in tail ; remainder to brother of David, in tail ; re- 
mainder to the right heirs of Geoffry (Somt, Fines^ 4 Edw. 
II, No. 34). David de Huntley must have succeeded to these 
lands as (20 Edw. 3) he was assessed 20s. for half-a-fee in 
Little Adhere, formerly Geoffry de Mohun's. He died 
8,p. and, consequently, by the terms of the settlement, 
his brother, Thomas, succeeded to the estate, which de- 
volved on John, his son, and then on Margaret de Huntley, 
his daughter. Ultimately, the manor of Nether Adhere was 
settled on Richard Huntley and Alianor, his wife, and the 
heirs of his body ; remainder to John, son of William Carent, 
in tail ; remainder to William Carent, senior, in tail ; re- 



214 Papers^ Sfc. 

mainder to the right heirs of Richard Huntley (5i>iwf. 
Fines^ 12 Ric. II, No. 1). In this way, I suppose, Adhere 
feU to the Carents, who were evidently related to the 
Huntleys. There was another branch of that family resident 
at Shiplade, in the parish of Bleadon, in this county, and 
another migrated to Milborn St. Andrew, Dorset. 

Returning from this digression, Thomas de Huntley, the 
husband of Edith de Say, was also involved, with Brian 
Gouiz and other leading men, in the Rebellion of the Barons 
against Hen. Ill, and, after their defeat, was punished by the 
forfeiture of his lands, and, according to the Inquisition de 
Rehellibusy the bailiff of Lord Hugh de Mortimer, the over 
lord, had seized one carucate of land on the ville of Givele, 
worth 10s. a year, besides rents of assize of £6 a year in the 
same ville, and also a virgate and-half of land there, and 16s. 
a year rent of assize held of Huntley by one Richard de Peto, 
" another rebel." The forfeiture was, however, compounded 
for, in Kirby's Quest (12 Edw. I). Walter de Wigton and 
Thos. de Huntley are said to hold Kingston, East Marsh, and 
West Marsh (into which " La Marsh " had been sub-divided) 
of Robert de Mortimer, by knight service, and, in 1307, 
among the knights' fees held of the king in capite by Matilda, 
widow of Hugh de Mortimer at her death, was the manor of 
Mersshe held by John de Huntley by half a knight's fee, and 
the manor of Kingston juxta Yevele, held by Robert Fitz- 
payn by another half fee (Esch., 1 Edw. II, No. 59). This 
John de Huntley, son of Thomas and Edith, conveyed the 
moiety of the Say estate to Walter de Tryl, of Todbere, 
Dorset, who, in 1324, settled Marsh (with lands derived from 
another source now unknown) by the description of 13 
messuages, 8 acres and 6^ virgates of land, 23| acres of mead., 
11 acres of past., 16 acres wood, 106s. rent, and rent of 1 lb. 
of pepper, 2 lbs. of cumin, and one rose, with the appurtenance 
in West Marsh, Kingston juxta Yevele, and Kingeswoode 
juxta Hardington, and also a moiety of the advowson of the 



An Early Chapter of the History of Yeovil. 215 

chapel of Kingston, on himself and his wife, Ela, for their 
lives ; remainder to William de Carent and Johanna, his 
wife, and the heirs of their bodies; remainder to Nicholas, 
son of Michael de Stoure, in fee to be held of the King in 
Chief {Somt. Fines, 17 Edw. II, No. 45), The above in- 
dicates the first connection of the De Carent family with 
Yeovil. Joanna, the wife of William de Carent, was probably 
a daughter of Walter de Tryl. Her husband died in 1347, 
possessed of one moiety of the manors of Kingston and Marsh, 
leaving an infant son, another William de Carent {Inq, 
p.m., Esch., 22 Edw. Ill, No. 27). In my opinion, Matilda, 
the wife of John de Huntley, was another sister of De Tryl. 
She held, at her death, lands in the ville of Marsh in right of 
her dower, and also lands there by grant of Walter de 
Romesey ; the reversion (her Inquisition states) belonging to 
WiUiam, son of William de Carent, who was heir as well of 
Walter de Tryl, as of Matilda (Esch., 21 Edw. Ill, No. 22). 
From this it may be inferred that Walter de Tryl had two 
sisters — Matilda, wife of John de Huntly, and Joan, wife of 
William de Carent — that neither Walter or his sister, Matilda, 
left any issue, and that, therefore, William de Carent, son of 
the other sister, Joan, was heir both of his uncle and his aunt. 
West Marsh was at one time held by the family of Falconer, 
or Le Fauconer, who became possessed of it in the reign of 
Edw. I, for in the Inquisition of knights' fee in 1 302 ( 3 1 Edw. I ) 
Robert Fitzpayn and John Fauconer (instead of Walter de 
Wigton and Thomas de Huntley, in Kirby's Quest) are said 
to hold the manors of Kingston, East Marsh, and West 
Marsh, of Hugh de Mortimer, by the service of one fee. By 
disposition, or misfortune, Falconer was frequently at law with' 
his neighbours (see Ass, Rolls Die, Cos,, 27 Edw. I, Nos. 
2-11). He had a wife, Joan, and died in 1342, holding of 
John Daimay (Lord of Hinton, in Mudford) a messuage and 
lands at Hulle in Marsh [now called Marsh Hill] with two 
moors called Brooms Moor and Dichelfords Moor [now Disle- 



216 Papers^ ^c. 

moor], and he left John le Falconer (II), his son, then 25 years 
old (Esch, 15 Edw. VI, No. 27). 

John le Falconer (II) : resided at West Marsh, and is 
so described in a charter, dated there in 1354 (27 Edw. 
Ill), whereby he granted to John Gogh and John Say 
certain lands in Kingsdon, near Ivelchester, of which he had 
been enfeoffed by Nicholas Gouys. The witnesses to this 
charter were Wra. D'aumarle, Wm. D'uinfraville, and Walter 
de Bomesey, knights ; and Wm. de Bingham and Wm. de 
Welde ; and to it was attached his seal — two bendlets between 
three falcons, with the legend, " Sigill .... Fauconer " 
(Pole's Collections, Queen's Coll., Oxford, MS. No. 151, f. 47). 
There are notices on the records of legal proceedings between 
the Huntley s, the Careiits, and the Falconers, respecting their 
property at Marsh and Kingston, which it would be unprofit- 
able to explain in detail, but it is important to repeat what 
CoUinson cites from the Close Rolhj that (30 Edw. Ill) Jolm 
le Falconer released to William, son and heir of Wm. de 
Carent, then under age and in ward to the king, all his 
right to the manors of Kingston and Hunteley's Marsh 
{Rot. Claus., 30 Edw. Ill, cited by Collinson III, 207). This 
document confirmed to the de Carents their title to Manth 
and the part of Kingston which did not belong to the 
Chydioks, and was substantially the property which after- 
wards passed from the de Carents to the Comptons, and subse- 
quently to their relatives, the Harbins. This transaction with 
Carent did not, however, denude le Falconer of all his lands 
in Yeovil. In 1376, he had to resist an unfounded claim set 
up by Alice, the widow of Wm. Welde, to lands of his in 
Kingston and West Marsh. It appears that le Falconer, 
when only 19 years old, agreed to grant a lease of the lands to 
Welde and his wife for their lives. After he came of age 
he went beyond seas for several years — during which time 
Welde died —and, on his return, the widow had the audacity 
to repudiate the lease and claim the lands as her freehold. 



An Early Chapter of the History of YeoviL 217 

but, of course, she was defeated {Ass. Rollsj Div. Cos.^ 40-9 
Edw. III). 

Le Falconer (II) married Matilda, daughter and heiress of 
John de Warmwell, of Warmwell, Dorset (Hutch. Dors. /, 428), 
and we may attribute the marriage to the fact that a branch 
of the de Warmwell family was seated at Newton Salmon- 
ville, in Yeovil. I have not been able to ascertain the date of 
his death, but, by that event, if not by previous settlement, his 
daughter and heiress, Alice, the wife of Nicholas Coker, 
must have acquired considerable property in Yeovil and the 
neighbourhood as, 12 Hen. IV (1411), she and her husband 
sold a farm in Yevell and Kingston to Sir John Chy- 
diok, lord of Kingston {Somt. Fines\ and as late as 1445 
(23 Hen. VI), after her husband's death, she conveyed in 
Kingston and Marsh to her cousin, Thos. Lyte of Lytes' Gary 
( The Lytes of Lytes Cary^ p. 25). Nicholas Coker himself 
was the purchaser of the manor of Chilthorne Domer, which, 
by fine, 9 Hen. IV, was conveyed, subject to a life interest in 
Edmund Dummer, to Nicholas Coker and Alice his wife, 
and the heirs of Nicholas Coker. 

The manor of West Marsh was, in the reign of Edw. II, 
held by John de Preston {Nomina Villarum^ 9 Edw. II), who 
was a considerable land-owner in the adjoining parish of 
Preston Plucknet. In 1363, the manor was held by Thomas 
de Preston for his life, and by a fine levied in that year 
(37 Edw. Ill) between Henry le Walshe, plaintiff, and Master 
Robert de Stratforde, defendant, the reversion then vested in 
de Stratford was settled upon Henry le Walshe for his life ; 
remainder to John his son, and Isabel his wife, and the heirs 
of their bodies ; remainder to his brothers, Henry and Percival, 
successively in tail ; remainder to the right heirs of the said 
John. He resided at East Marsh, and purchased from the 
Crown the wardship of William, the infant son of Wm. de 
Carent, and Joan, his wife; but, going on a pilgrimage to the 
Holy Land, he died on the journey, leaving his wife, Isabel, 

Vol. XLI V (Third Series, Vol, I V), Part II, et 



218 Papers^ Sfc. 

surviving, but we hear no mention of him or West Marsh 
afterwards, and it was probably absorbed into the de Carent 
Estate {Exchequer^ Z. ^ A., Memoranda RoUsj HiL, 27 Edw. 
Ill, No. 12). I should observe that it was from de Chjdiok, 
and not from de Carent as CoUinson states, that Kingston 
came to the Stourtons. 

There was yet another part of La Marsh, called Walerands 
or Walrond's Marsh. As early as 1340, John Walerand, 
which held under John de Wigton, died, leaving an infant son, 
John, and his wife, Matilda, surviving, and she was obliged to 
take legal steps for the recovery of her dower out of it (Ass, 
Rolls Div. Cos., 3 Edw. II, N. 2. 15-1). The widow probably 
married again — Dowre, as (28 Edw. Ill) Robert Fitzpayn 
held, at his death, the reversion of one messuage, and one 
carucate of land in Walronde's Marshe, which Matilda Dowre 
held for her life by grant of John Walrond, which reversion be- 
longed to John Chydiok, and Isabella, his wife (Esch., No. 41). 

Allusion has already been made to the manor of Henford 
as part of the Domesday six hides held by Hugh Maltravers 
imder William de Ou. CoUinson, in his History (iii, p. 205) 
gives a fairly acciu*ate pedigree of the Maltravers family, so 
far as relates to their ownership of Henford, but a much more 
elaborate and annotated pedigree is to be found in another 
work of good authority (Coll. Top. and Gen., vol. vi, p. 334), 
verified by charters and documents drawn principally from 
the archives of the Earl of Ilchester. 

Beginning from the reign of King John, no less than six 
generations of the family were successively owners of part of 
Gyvele, and Lords of Henford. In 1201 (2 John) an action 
was pending between John Maltravers (II), son of John 
Maltravers (the first of that name), and Walter de Turber- 
ville, and Alice his wife (widow of John the father), re- 
specting lands at Woolcombe (now Woolcombe Maltravers), 
Dorset, and, for the purposes of this action it is presumed, 
John (II) sued the Turbervilles for the delivery up of five 



An Early Chapter of the History of VeoviL 219 

charters relating to his inheritance, all of which Walter 
Turberville admitted he had held, but alleged that th^ 
were stolen when his house was burnt down. Maltravers 
also complained that the Turbervilles unjustly detained from 
him five coats of mail which had belonged to his father, and 
their defence was that the father never had but one coat, which 
he gave to another son with ten librates (t>., about 500 acres) 
of land, but, unfortunately, we do not know the result, as, by 
default of the parties, the Court was not called on to deliver 
judgment (P.R.O. Curia Regis., No. 24, Selden Society 
Fublicaiions^ vol. iii). The burning of these charters (if true) 
must have been a serious loss ; two of them were grants by 
Henry I, thereby carrying the family title back to about one 
generation from Hugh, the Domesday sub-tenant; a third was 
a charter of Mareschal, Earl Striguil, and may have been the 
grant of the Constableship of Striguil or Chepstow Castle, 
which was an office held by the family (Esch., 25 Edw. I, 
no. 33). The fifth was a charter of King John. As regards the 
coats of mail, in the early days of chivalry coat armour was 
hereditary, and descended to the heirs with the land, for the 
defence of which it was used, especially as a dire alternative 
in " wager of battel." 

The litigation, between John M altravers and Lucy de Say 
(II), respecting the right of presentation to the Chapel of 
Kingston has already been noticed, but, a few years later, he 
was engaged in a very remarkable trial, the incidents of which 
are fortunately very rare in legal annals. He held, it appears, 
a knight's fee in Gyvele, by virtue of a fine made between 
Walter Maltravers, his eldest brother (who, it is presumed, 
had afterwards died 8.p.) and John Maltravers (I), their 
father ; but William Maltravers, another brother, sought to 
ignore the fine as void, being purported to be made, not in the 
King's Court (Richard I), but in the Court of John, Earl of 
Mortain (afterwards King John). On this ground, and also 
as entitled to the fee under a distinct grant, he proceeded by 



220 Papers, §t. 

a writ of right against .John and recovered judgment. Pending 
t^is, John died, and then Uawisia his widow, in 1222 (6 Hen. 
Ill) sued William for one-third as her dower, to which 
William pleads that the knight's fee was given to him by his 
father, John (I), by charter, which he produces, and calls to 
warranty John (III), son of John (II), who declines. Then 
William pleads the judgment on the writ of right, whereupon 
the SheriiF was ordered to return a record of the judgment. 
The Sheriff, Roger de Forde, was "valettus" and probably 
nominee of Peter de Mauley, his lord, who had been sheriff 
for the six preceding years, and according to his return (which, 
we may presume, he very reluctantly made) the county — that is 
the freeholders or suitors of the County Court — wholly disavow 
the judgment, because, after John had appeared and set out 
his claim to the fee under the fine, and William's rejoinder 
that it was of no effect not being made in the King's Court, 
the Sheriff tried to prevail on the county to give judgment in 
William's favour, which they declined to do, and all went 
away except two or three who remained until nearly "the 
vesper hour," and were assured, by the Sheriff, that they 
might safely give judgment in William's favour, and that he 
would indemnify them. On hearing this John prayed for recog- 
nition on the writ of right, whether he or William was entitled 
to the land, but the Sheriff objected that he must rely on the 
fine he had set up, after hearing which the Sheriff and the two 
or three who remained with him gave judgment in William's 
favour "without the assent and will of the county," and that 
" in no other way did William get judgment, as the county 
offer to prove as the Court shall consider" (Assize Roll, No. 
755 ; Bracton's Note Booh, case 191 ). So much for mediaeval 
administration of justice I 

Proceeding now to the reign of Edw. I, the manor can be 
regularly traced from that time. We come first to John 
Maltravers (HI), son of John and Hawisia, who held the high 
office of Seneschal of the King's Household, and died in 1296, 



A71 Early Chapter of the History of Yeovil. 221 

seised of the manor of Henford, to which the advowson of 
Yeovil was appendant, and left his son and successor, John MaU 
travers (IV), aged 30 (Esch., 25 Edw. I, No. 33). This John 
married first Alianor, who, not improbably, was a daughter 
of Sir Ralph de Gorges, of Wraxall, Somerset (Smith's Lives 
of the Berkeley s /, 241), his first wife, however, and married 
for his second, Joan, daughter and heiress of Sir Walter 
Foliot, of Melbury, and grand-daughter of Sir Lawrence 
Sampford, by which match he acquired an interest in the 
manors of Melbury Sampford and Melbury Osmond. The 
date of his death has not been ascertained, but he was suc- 
ceeded by his son by his first wife, John Maltravers (V), 
afterw^ards Lord Maltravers, whose name is, unfortunately, 
associated with that of Sir Thomas Gournay, as the contrivers 
of the revolting murder of King Edward II at Berkeley 
Castle. He died in 1365, surviving, by several years, his son 
John, the sixth and last of the name, who died in 1350. As 
John (VI) left no son, Henford descended to his two 
daughters, Joan and Alianor. tJoan died s.p. and, conse- 
quently, Alianor became sole heiress ; she was married to 
John Fitz Alan, younger brother of Richard Fitz Alan, 14th 
Earl of Arundel, by whom she had a son, John de Arundel, 
who, in right of his mother, became Lord Maltravers. The 
manor of Henford continued in the Arundel family until the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, when Henry, 22nd Earl, exchanged 
it with the queen for the manors of Halfnaked and Boxgrave, 
in Sussex {Pat. Rolls^ 3 Eliz, 4th part). 

The Crown retained Henford in its hands until the end of 
the reign of Elizabeth, when, the Royal revenues requiring 
replenishment (as was not uncommon in the Tudor dynasty), 
it was sold to Sir John Spencer, a city knight of fabulous 
wealth (Paf. RoH^ 42 Eliz., pt. 24), and after his death passed 
to his daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, the wife of William, 
2nd Lord Compton, created, 15 James 1, Earl of Northampton, 



222 Papersy ^c. 

in whose family it continued until 8old to the Hooper family, 
as mentioned by Collinson. 

But the advowson of the church devolved in a different 
course. By a fine levied, 13 Edw. Ill, between John Maltravers, 
senior (V), Querent, and Roger Maltravers, and Thomas de 
Homere, Deforciants, to the manors of Henford, Somerset, and 
Lytchett, Dorset, the uses whereof, so far as regards the 
manor, were thereby limited to said John Maltravers for life, 
with remainder to his son, John Maltravers (VI) in tail, male 
with remainder to his (the sons) right heirs. The limitations of 
this fine did not extend to the advowson of the church of Yeovil, 
and, therefore, it remained in the trustees undisposed of. But, 
five years afterwards, in 1345 (18 Edw. Ill), by a charter dated 
at Witchampton, Wednesday after the Feast of the Annuncia- 
tion, to which Robert Fitzpayn, Richard Turberville, Robert 
Martyn, Reginald Fitzherbert, Robert Champayn, knights; and 
John Wake, Nicholas Pyke, John Smedmore, and Henry An- 
tiocke were witnesses, the trustees, Roger Maltravers and John 
de Homere, granted to Lord John Maltravers (V), lord of 
Lytchett, one messuage in Hyneford, and the advowson of the 
church of Yevell in fee, and he, by a subsequent charter, 
dated before 36 Edw. Ill, conveyed it to Richard Fitz Alan, 
Earl of Arundel (Exch. Q.R. Miscell. 911—31). The earl 
was the brother of John Fitz Alan, husband of Alianor, 
daughter of John Maltravers (VI), upon whom and her 
husband the manor of Henford and a rent of 57s. issuing 
therefrom, had been settled by her grandfather, John Lord 
Maltravers (V), by a fine dated 33 Edw. III. Richard, 14th 
Earl of Arundel, was of Royal descent, his mother being 
Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, 
but he was beheaded in 1397. He had, on two occasions, 
exercised his right of patronage over the church, and by his 
will, dated 4th March, 1392, he directed the advowson to be 
sold. The words of the bequest are, " Item je vuille que Y 
avowesoun de Yvele soit venduz auxi tost come home purra 



An Early Chapter of the History oj Yeovil. 223 

apres mon deces resonablement et les deniers d'icell loialment 
emploiez par mes ditz executours en meiUoure mannere q'ils 
saveront en parfourrissement du testament et voluntee mon 
seigneur et piere qi Dieux assoile/' with directions for pre- 
senting a fit clerk, from time to time, to hold the church until 
a sale could be effected (Nichols' Collection of Noble Wills^ 
p. 137). In pursuance of this bequest, the advowson was sold 
to King Henry V, who purchased it in order to increase the 
endowment of his recently founded Monastery of Sion, and by 
charter, dated at Arundel, 13th July, 3 Henry V, (1315), 
Thomas, 15th Earl, son of the Testator, conveyed two acres 
of land in Yevill, in a certain place called Huish, together 
with the advowspn of the church of Yevill to his Majesty, his 
heirs and assigns (Exch. Q.R. Miscell., ut sup.). 



SOMERSETSHIRE 
ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY 

SOCIETY. 



£Dffitcec0, a^embecs anD Eules, 1898. 

Patron : 
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL OF CORK & ORRERY. K.P. 



E. J. 



)PrcBttient : 
STANLEY, Esq., M.P. 



THE RIGHT REV. THE LORD BISHOP OF BATH AND WELLS. 

JOHN BATTEN, Esq., f.s.a. SIR GEO. WM. EDWARDS. 

C. I. ELTON, Esq., q.c, f.s.a. SIR E. H. ELTON, Bart. 

THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP HOBHOUSE. 

H. HOBHOUSE, Esq., m.f. COLONEL HOSKYNS. 

THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD HYLTON. 

GEORGE FOWNES LUTTRELL, Esq. 

THE RIGHT. HON. SIR RICHARD H. PAGET. Bart. 

THE RIGHT HON. THE VISCOUNT PORTMAN. 

W. A. SANFORD, Esq. 

HENRY DUNCAN SKRINE, Esq. 

SIR EDWARD STRACUEY, Bart. E. B. CELY TREVIUAN, Esq. 

THE VERY REV. THE DEAN OF WELLS. 



€ru0tee0 ; 



Henry Jeffries Badcock, Esq. 

John Batten, Esq. 

James FurbesCuisholm-Batten, Esq. 

Lieut. -Col. James Roger Bramble. 

Charles I. Elton, Esq., q.c. 

A. J. GooDFORD, Esq. 



Henry Hobhouse, Esq., m.p. 
Sir a. a. Hood, Bart., m.p. 
George Fownes Luttrell, Esq. 
Wiluam Aysuford Sanfurd, Esq. 
Edward J. Stanley, Esq., m.p. 
Tub Rt. Hon. The Earl Temple. 



(STrcasuret : 
HENRY JEFFRIES BADCOCK, Esq. 



LIEUT. -COL. J. R. 



(iSmeral Sect etar its: 

BRAMBLE, f.s.a. REV. 



f. w. weaver, M.A. 



Officers. 



225 



Smttict or Eocal iSecretartes : 



Rev. Preb. Biiller, North Curry 
K £. Baker, f.s.a., WesUm'Super- 

Mare 
Kev. E. H. Bates, Ilminsier 
John Batten, F.S.A., Yeovil 
J. G. L. Bulleid, Glastonbury 
J. O. Cash, Winoantan 
Bev. Canon Church, fjsla^ ^e^ 
Bev. Preb. Coleman, Cheddar 
Bev. J. J. Coleman, Boloombe 
G. A. Daniel, Frome 
C. W. Dare, North Cu/rry 
Wm. Daubeny, Batfi 
Sir £. H. Elton, Bart., Clevedon 
C. H. Fox, Wellington 
Bev. Preb. Gale, la^ton 
Wm. George, Bristol 
Bev. Preb. Grafton, Cctstle Cwry 
Bev. Preb. Hancock, Dunster 
Bev. D. LL Hayward, BruUm 



Bev. Preb. Herringham, Williton 
and Old Cleeve 

Bev. 8. H. A. Hervey 

Bev. Preb. T. S. Holmes, Wookmf 

Rev. Preb. W. Hook, Porlock 

Bev. W. Hunt 

W. M. Kelly, m.d. 

F. Mitchell, Chard 

Hugh Norris, Souih Petherton 

Bev. E. Peacock, Nunney 

Edwin Sloper, London 

Bev. Gilbert R Smith, Somerton 

Geo. Sweetman, Wincanton 

Charles Tite. 

Bev.H. G. Tomkins, Weston-e.-Mare 

Bev. F. W. Weaver, Milton Cleve- 
don^ Evercreech 

Rev. W.P.Williams, Weston-super- 
Mare 

W. L. Winterbotham, Bridgwater 



Rev. D. P. Alford 
Bev. Preb. Buller 
C. H. Samson 
Bev. A. H. A. Smith 
J. E. W. Wakefield 
Bev. J. Worthington 



Committee : 

Bev. Preb. Ask with 
Major Chisholm-Batten 
F. T. Elworthy 
A. Maynard 
Bev. D. J. Pring 
Bev. F. S. P. Seale 



The President^ Vice-Presidents, Trustees, Treasurer^ General and Local 
^Secretaries, are eoG-officio Members of the Committee. 



300101. &tt. ^ Curator: 
William Bidgood, Taunton Castle. 



Vol. XLI V (Third Series, Vol. I V), Part II. 



226 Honorary ana Correspotiding Members. 

%t\xsitztsi oC ttie pigott CoUmlon of aDratoing:^, 
&omer0et« 

The Loi*d Lieutenant of the County. 

The Lord Bishop of the Diocese. 

The Members of Parliament for the County. 

The Chairman of Quarter Sessions. 

The Clerk of the Peace for the County. 



Eeprwentatibe ^tvattt on t^e arbriUffe ^otort %xmx 

Col. William Long. 



Eepregeittatibe %x\xsiitt on t^t 3|Ic6e0ter tiDoton ttrutft. 

A. J. GooDFORD, Esq. 



^onorar^ anb Corredponbing: S^emberd* 

Acland, Sir H. W., m.d., Regius Professor of Medicine^ Oxford. 
Babington, C. C, Esq., F.R.S., f.s.a., Professor of Botany^ 5, Brook- 
side, Cambridge. 
Burrows, Montague, Esq., h.a., ChicfieU Professor of Modem JIU- 

lory inifie University of Oxford^ and Captain^ E.N. 
Dawkins, W. Boyd, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A., P.o.s., etc.. Professor of 

Geology, Owens College, Manchester, Woodhurst, Faliowfield, 

Manchester. 
Earle, Rev. Preb. J., M.A., Oriel, Professor of Anglo-Saxon, Gilford, 

Swainswick Rectory, Bath. 
Lloyd, Dr., Sec, ArduBological and Natural History Society, 

Warwick. 
Stubbs, Riglit Rev. Dr., Bishop of Oxford, 
Wilson, Daniel, Esq., I.L.D., Professor of English Language, 

Toronto, Canada. 



Societies in CoctesponDence, for tbe ^rcbange 
of Publications. 



Kojal Archflsological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 
British Association. 
British Museum. 

British Museum (Natural History). 
British Archaeological Association. 
Society of Antiquaries of London. 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 
Royal Irish Academy. 
Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 
Guildhall Library, London. 

Associated Architectural Societies of Northampton, etc. 
Sussex Archaeological Society. 

Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History. 
Surrey Archaeological Society. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Historic Society. 
Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 
London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 
Plymouth Institution and Devon and Cornwall Natural His- 
tory Society. 
Kent Archaeological Society. 

Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. 
I'owys Land Club, Montgomeryshire. 
Derbyshire Archasological and Natural History Society. 
Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 
Berkshire Archaeological and Architectural Society. 
Hertfordshire Natural History Society. ^ 

Essex Archaeological Society. 
Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society. 
Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society. 
Royal Institution of Cornwall. 
Yorkshire Archaeological Society. 



228 Corresponding Societies, 

Buckingham Architectural and Archaeological Society. 

Northamptonshire Naturalists' Society. 

Bath Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club. 

Geologists' Association. 

Royal Dublin Society. 

Bristol Naturalists' Society. 

Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society. 

Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. 

Barrow Naturalists' Field Club. 

Essex Field Club. 

Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 

Chester Archasological and Historical Society. 

Clifton Antiquarian Club. 

Hampshire Field Club. 

Thoresby Society, Leeds. 

Folk-Lore Society. 

Postal Microscopic Society. 

The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist. 

Royal Norwegian University, Christiana. 

Geological Institution of the University of Upsala, Sweden. 

Canadian Institute. 

Nova Scotian Institute. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S. 

Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington, U.S. 

United States Geological Survey, Washington, U.S. 

Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts, U.S. 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, U.S. 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Davenport, Iowa, U.S. 

Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton, Mass., U.S. 

Geological Department of the University of California, U.S. 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, U.S. 

University of California, U.S. 

Soci^ti6 Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, Lausanne. 

Society Archeologique de Bordeaux. 



Hist of e^embtta for 1898. 

Those marked * are Life Members. 
Those marked t tire Members of the General Committee. 

Acland Sir C. T. D. Bart., Holnicote^ Taunton. 
tAcland, Rt. Hon, Sir T. D., Bart., Killerton Parh^ Devon^ 
v.p. (deceased). 
Adams, W. Taunton 

Adiam, William, f.S.a. Manor House, Chew Magna, Bristol 
5 Aldridge, Rev. Preb. W, W. Weston-super-Mare 
Aldworth, Major Robert, H*est Coker 
Alford, Rev. D. P. Elm Grove, Taunton 
Alford. H. Taunton (deceased) 
Alford, H. J., M.D. Taunton. 
10 Allen, F. J. m.d. Professor of Physiology, Mason College, 
Birmingham 
Allen, Miss, The Avenue, Taunton 
AlUiusen, Wilton, Pinhay, Lyme Regis 
Altham, Mrs. Timbercombe, Aisholt, Bridgwater 
Anderson, Rev. C. G. Otterhampton, Bridgwater (deceased) 
15 Arnold, Rev, W. Burrowbridge, Bridgwater. 

Ashworth-Hallet, Mrs. L. S. Clacerton Lodge, Bathwick 

Hill, Bath 
Askwith, Rev. Preb. Taunton 
Atkins, J. M. Wells 
Austen, Rev. E, G. Penselwood, Bath 
20 Aveline. H. T. S. Cotjord, Norton Fitzwarren, Taunton. 
Aveline, Wm. Talbot, 15, Kennington Terrace, Kennington 

Park, London, S.E. 
Badcock, Daniel, Kilve Court, Bridgwater 
tBadcock. H. J. Pitminster, Taunton, Trustee, Treasurer 
Bagehot, Mrs, Walter, HerdCs Hill, I^angport 
25 Bailey, Rev. J, D. Thomfalcon. 

Bailward, T. H. M. Manor House, Horsington 
t Baker, E. E., f.s.a, Weston-super-Mare 
Baker, W. Proctor, Sandhill Park, Taunton 
Baker, Rev, S. O. Campbell House, Clovedvn. 
30 Baker, W. T. Bridgwater 

Baldwin, Rev. A. B. Middle Chinnock Rectory, Ilminster 
Barker, E. V. P. Glastonbury (deceased) 



230 List of Members for 1898. 

Barnard, Miss Constance E. The Liberty^ Wells 

Bamicott, Reginald, Tannton 
35 Barnstaple Athenieum, North Devon 

Barrett, Jonathan, Taunton 

Barrett, Major, Moredon House, North Curry 

Barstow, J. Jackson, The Lodge, fVeston^uper-Mare 

Bartlett, Rev. R. Grosvenor, Corfe Castle, Wareham, Dorset 
40 Bartrum, J. S. 13, Gay Street, Bath 

tBates, Rev. E. H. Puckington Rectory, Ilminster 

Bathurst, A. 2, New Square, Lincoln s Inn, I^nuion 

Batten, Henry B. Aldon, Yeovil 

Batten H. Cary G. Leigh Lodge, Abbots Leigh, Bristol 
45 Batten, John Beardmore „ „ ' „ 

Batten, H. Phelips, Hollands, Yeovil 
t Batten, John, f.s.a., Aldon, Yeovil, Trustee, v.p. 

Batten, Lieut.-CoI. J. Mount, Mornington Lodge, West 
Kensington, W, 

Beames, J. Netherclay, Tannton 
50 Beavan, Miss, Taunton 

Beck, Rev. W. J, Sutton Montis, Sparkford. 
*Beddoe, J., m.d., f.r.s. The Chantry^ Bradford^on^Aron 

Bell, .r. H. Dalton Lees, Huddersfield 

Bell, Rev. W. A. Charlynch, Bridgwater 
55 Bennett, Edgar, Hendford, Yeovil. 

Bennett, Mrs. 2. Bradmore Road, Oxford 

Bennett, T. O. Bruton 

Bentley. F. J. R., Woodlands, Wellington 

Bere, Charles, Milverton 
60 Berkeley, Rev. G. W., Butleigh 

Bernard, Rev. Canon, WelU 

Bicknell, A. S. 23, Onslow Gardens, South Kensington 

Birkbeck, Rev. W. J. Weston-super-Mare 

Bisdee, Alfred, Hutton Court, Weston-super-Mare 
^5 Blake, W. Bridge, South Petherton 

Blakiston, A. A. Glastonbury 

Blathwayt, Lieut.-Col. Linley, Eagle House, Batheaston 

Blathwayt, Rev. Wynter E. IJyrham, Chippenham 

Blathwayt, Rev. W. T. „ „ 

70 Bond, Rev. R. S. Thome, Yeovil 

Boodle, R. W. 20, Belgrave Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 

Booker, Wm. Thomas, Wellington 

Boston Public Library, Boston, U.S. America 

Bothamley, Ven. Archdeacon, Richmond Lodge^ Bath 
15 Bothamley, C. H. Otterwood, Beaconsfield Road, Weston- 
super-Mare 



List of Members for 1898. 231 

Bourdillon, E. D. Dinder House^ Wells 
Bouverie, H. H. P. Brymore House^ Bridgwater 
Bownes, Rev. James, Creech St. Michael 
Boys, Rev. H. A. North Cadhury Rectory^ Bath 
80 Braikenridge, W. Jerdone, C/evedon, andl6j Royal Crescent, 
Bath 
fBramble, Lieut.-Col., f.s.a. Seqfield, fVeston^super^Alare 
Trustee, General Secretary 
Broadmead, W. B. Enmore Castle 
Broderip, Edmund, Cossington Manor, Bridgwater 
Brown, David, 7, Wellington Terrace, Taunton 
85 Brown, F. W. Chardleigh Green, Chard 

Brown, G. Gordon, 5, Greenhay Road, Liverpool 
Brown, John, Wadeford, Chard 
Brown, T. Loader, Chardleigh Green, Chard 
Brown, W. H. M. Sherborne 
90 Brownlow, Rt. Rev. Bishop, Bishop^s House, Park Place, 
Clifton, Bristol 
Brutton, J. 7, Princes Street, Yeovil 
Buckle, Edmund, 23, Bedford Row, London, W. C. 
Buckle, Rev. Canon, Wells 
Bull, Rev. Thos. Williamson, Paulton 
95 Bulleid, Arthur, f.s.a., Glastonbury 
tBuUeid, J. G. L. Glastonbury 

Bulleid, G. L. Glastonbury 
tBuUer, Rev. Preb. W. E. North Curry 
Bunny, J. Brice, Bishop^ s Lydeard 
100 Burridffe, W. The Willows, Wellington 

Bush, John, 9, Pembroke Road, Clifton, Bristol 
Bush, R. C. 1, Winifred's Dale, Bath 
Bush, Rev. T. C. Hornblotton Rectory, Castle Cary, Bath 
Bush, Thos. S. Dale Cottage, Charlcombe, Bath 
105 Butler, W. B. Taunton 

Buttanshaw, Rev. Preb. J. 22, St, James^ Square, Bath 
Caillard, His Honour Judge, Wing/ield House, Trowbridge 
Capel, J. P. Weston-super-Mare 

Carlingford, The Rt. Hon. The Lord, k.p. The Priory, 
Chewton Mendip, Bath (deceased) 
110 Cartwright, Rev. A. R. Clevcdon 

Cartwright, Rev. H. A. Whitestaunton 
tCash, J. O. Wincanton 

Cay ley. Rev. R. A. Stowcll Rectory, Sherborne 
Chafi'ey-Chaffey, Robert, East Stoke 
115 Chaifey, Richard, Chard 

Chafyn-Grove, G. Troyte, North Coher House, Yeovil 



232 List of Members for 1898. 

Chapman, Arthur Allan, Taunton 
Cheetham, F. H. Tetton^ Kingston^ Taunton 
tChisholm-Batten, Major J. F. Tlutrnfalcon^ Taunton, 
Trustee 
120tChurch, Rev. Canon, f.s.a, Sub-Dean, Wells 
Clark, Frank J. Street 
Clark, W. S. Street 
Clarke, A. A. Wells 
Clarke, C. P. Taunton 
125 Clemow, C. E. Canon House, Taunton 
Clerk, E. H. Bvrford, Slicpton Mallet 
Clive, J. Ronald, Combe Florey 
Clothier, S. T. Street 
t Coleman, Rev. Preb. flames, 2, Vicar s Close, Wells 
130t Coleman, Rev. J. ^. Holcombe Rectory, Both 
Coles, Rev. V. S. S. Shcpton Beauchamp 
Colfox, Wm. Westmead. near Bridport 
Collins, Rev. J. A. W. Newton St. Cyres, Exeter 
Colthurst, G. E. Northjield, Taunton 
135 Cooper, Rev. Sydney, Christ Church, Frome 

tCork and Orrery, The Rt. Hon. The Earl of, k.p. 
Marston, Frome, Patron 
Corner, H. Taunton 

Corner, Samuel, 95, Forest Road West, Nottingham 
Comer, Edward, The Bower, Wellington 
140 Cornish, Rev. Charles E. Redcliff Vicarage, Bristol 
Cornish, R. Cedar House, Axminster, Devon 
Cotching, W. G. Taunton 
Cottam, A. Basil, Bridgwater 
Cox, H. Williton 
145 Crawley-Boevey, Rev. R. L. Doynton Rectory, Bristol 
Crespi, A. J. H., M.D. Cooma, Poole Road, Wimbome 
Cutler, Jonathan, Richmond House, Wellington 
Dampier-Bide, Thos. Wm. Kingston Manor, Yeovil 
Daniel, Rev. H. A. Manor House, Stockland Bristol, 
Bridgwater 
150 Daniel, Rev. Prebendary W. E. Horsington Rectory, 
Templecombe 
tDaniel, G. A. Nunney Court, Frome 
fDare, Chas. Wm. Fosse, North Curry 

Daubeny, W. A. Clevelands, near Dawlish 
fDaubeny, W. Stratton House, Park Lane, Bath 
155 Davies, Hitchings, Somerton 

Davies, J. Trevor, Newland House, Sherborne 
Davis, Major C. E. 55, Pulteney Street, Bath 



List of Members for 1898. 233 

Davis, Mrs. The Warren^ North Curry 

Day, H. C. A. Oriel Lodae^ Walton^ Bristol. 
160 Dela Hey, Rev. E. Oldndge, Baihealton 

Denham, George, Taunton 

Denman, Thos. Isaac, Yeovil 

Derham, Henry, Sneyd Park, Clifton^ Bristol 

Derham, Walter, 76, Lancaster Gate^ London^ W. 
165 Dickinson, R. E. Bath 

Dobree, S., The Briars^ Ealing^ fV. 

Dobson, Mrs. Oakwood^ Bathwick Hilly Bath 

Doggett, H. Greenfield, Springhilly Leighwood^ Clifton 

Dowell, Rev. A. G. 
170 Drayson, C. D. Courtlands^ Taunton 

Drayton, W. Mountlands, Taunton 

Duckworth, Rev. W, A. Orchardleigh Park^ Frame 

Duder, John, Tregedna^ The Avenue^ Taunton 

Dudman, Miss Catherine L. Pitney House, Langport 
175 Dunn, William, Frome 

Dupuis, Rev. Preb. T. C. Bumham 

Dyke, C. P. Totteridge, Herts 

Dymond, Rev. H. N. Chaffcombe, Charrl 

Dyson, Jno. Moorlands, Crewkerne 
180 Eastlake, C. Locke, Long Sutton House, Langport 

Easton, Richard, Taunton 

Eberle, J. F. Ebor Villa, 96, Pembroke Road, Clifton 

Eden, Mrs, The Grange, Kingston, Taunton 

Edwards, Rev. A. G. Norton'sulh-Hamdon, Ilminster 
185tEdward8, Sir Geo. Wm. Sea Walls, Sneyd Park, Stoke 
Bishop, Bristol, v. P. 
fElton, C. I., Q.C., F.s.A. Manor House, Whitestaunton, 
Trustee, v.p. 

Elton, Rev. George G. Kingweston, Somerton 
tElton, Sir E. H. Bart. Clevedon Court, v.r. 

Elton, W. Heathfield Hall, Taunton 
190tElworthy, F. T. Foxdown, Wellington 

Ernst, Mrs. fVest combe House, Evercreech, Bath 

Esdaile, C. E. J. Cothelstone 

Esdaile, Geo. The Old Rectory, Platt-in'Rusholme, 
Manchester 

Esdaile, Rev. W. Sandford Orcas, Sherborne 
195 Evans, Sir J., k.c.b., f.k.s. Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead 

Evans, \V. H. Ford Abbey, Chard 

Ewing, Mrs. Taunton 
. Fisher, Samuel, Hovelands, Taunton 

Fisher, W. H, Elmhurst, North^town, Taunton 



VoL XLIV (Third SeriM, Vol IV), Part I L 



if'.f 



234 List of Members for 1898. 

200 Fitz-Gerald, Major, J.P. Walton, Clevedon 

Fligg, Wm. M.B. Weston-super-Mare 

Foley, R. Y. Elmwood, Bridgtoaier 

Foster, E. A. iSouth Hill, King sker swell, Devon 

Foster, F. C. Bridgwater 
205 Foster, Major, BUwmfield House, Bath 

Fowler, Rev. C A. Walton-in-Gordano 

Fowler, Wm. H. Claremont, Taunton 

Fowler, Gerald „ „ 

tFox, C. H. Wellington 
210 Fox, F. F. Yate House, Chipping Sodbury 

Fox, Rev. J. C. Templecombe 

Fox, Sylvanus, Linden, Wellington 

Foxcroft, E. T. D. Hinton Charterhouse, Bath 

Franklin, H. Taunton 
215 Frome Literary Institute 

Fry, The Rt. Hon. Sir Edwd., p.c, f.s.a.. late Lord 
Justice of Appeal, Failand House, Long Ashton, Bristol 

Fry, E. A. 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham 

Fry, Mrs. „ „ 

Fry, Francis J. Cricket St. Thomas, Chard 
220tGale, Rev. I. S. Cleeve, Vatton 

Galpin, Wm. Horwood, Wincanton 

George, Frank, Top Corner, Park Street, Bristol 

George, Rev. Philip Edward, Winifred House, Bath 
tGeorge, Wm. St. Wulfstans, Durdham Park, Bristol^ 
225*Gibbs, Antony, Tyntesjicld, Wraxall, Nailsea, R.S.O. 
*Gibb8, Henry Martin, Barrow Court, Barrow Gurneg, 
Bristol 

Gibson, Rev. Prebendary, The Vicarage, Leeds 

GifFord, J. Wm. Oaklands, Chard 

(riles, A. H. Churchill Court, Churchill, R.S.O. , Somerset 
230 Giles, W. J. 10, Sydney Terrace, Taunton 

Gillett, A. Street 

Good, Thos. Bridgwater 
tGoodford, A. J. Chilton Cantelo, llchester. Trustee 

Goodland, Charles, Taunton 
235 Goodland, Thos, Taunton 

(ioodman, Albert, The Avenue, Taunton 

Goodman, Edwin, Yarde House, Taunton 

Gough, Wm. Langport 
tCirafton, Rev. Prebendary A. W. Castle Cary 
240 (irant, Lady, Logic Elphi?istonr, Pitcople, Aberdeenshire 

Grant, Rev. C. Glastonbury 

Grant, Capt. The Chantry, Frome 



List of Members for 1898. 235 

Green, E., f.s.a. Devonshire Cluh, St. James' Street, 

London, S.W. 
Greswell, Rev. W. H. P. Dodington 
245 Grey, Geo. Duncan, LL.D. Bella Vista, IVeston-super^ 
Mare 
Gurney, Rev. H. F. S. Stoke St. Gregory 
Haddon, Chas. Taunton 
Hadwen, Walter R., m.d. Gloucester 
Hall, Henry, 19, Doughty Street, Mecklenburgh Square, 
lAindon 
250 Hall, Rev. H. F. T^easbrook, Dixton, Monmouth 
Hall, J. F., Sharcombe, Dinder, Wells 
Hamlet, Rev. J. Barrington 
Hamling, #1. G. The Close, Newport, Barnstaple 
Hammet, W. J. St. Bernard's, Taunton 
255 Hammett, A. Taunton 

t Hancock, Rev. Preb. F., f.s.a. The Priory, Dunster 
Harford, Wm. H., Old Bank, Bristol 
Harford, Rev. Prebendary, Marston Bigot, Frome 
Harrod, H. H. Manor House, Morebath, Tiverton 
260 Harvey, John, Junr. Denmark Street, Clifton 

Hatcher, Robert, Melville House, Middle Street, Taunton 
*Hawkesbury, The Rt. Hon. Lord, 2, Carlton House Ter-^ 

race. Pall Mall, London, S. W. 
fHayward, Rev. Douglas LI. Bruton 
Heale, Rev. C. H. St. Decuman s, Watchet, Bridgwater 
265 Healey, C. E. H. Chadwyck, q.c. 119, Harley Street, W. 
and New Place, Porlock 
Heathcote, Rev. S. J. Williton 

Hellier, Rev. H. G. Nempnett Rectory, Cheto Stoke, Bristol 
Hellier, Mrs. „ „ „ „ 

Helyar, Colonel, Poundisjord Lodge, Taunton 
270 Henley, Colonel, C. H. Leigh House, Chard 
tHerringham, Rev. Preb. W. W. Old Cleeve 
tHervey, Rev. S. H. A. 
Hewlett, Mrs. PrearCs Green, Worle, Weston-super-Mare 
Hickes, Rev. T. H. F. Draycot 
275 Higgins, John, Pylle, Shepton Mallet 
Hjll,B. H. 

Hill, Chas. Clevedon Hall, Clevedon 
Hill, Sir Edward, k.c.r., m.p., Roitkwood, lAandaff, and 

Hazel Manor, Compton Martin, Bristol 
Hill, W. J. C. Langport 
280 Hippisley, W. J., 15, New Street, Wells 
tHobhouse, The Rt. Rev. Bishop, Wells 



236 Lht of Members for 1898. 

tHobhouse, H., m.p. Hadspen House^ Castle Cary^ Trustee, 
v.p. 
Hobhouse, Rt. Hon. Lord, k.c.s.i. 15, Bruton Street, 

London^ IV, 
Hodgkinson, W. S, Glencot^ Wells 
285 Holland, W. T. The Lions, Bridgwater 
HoUoway, J. H. Erstjield, Wells 
tHolmes, Rev. Preb. T. S. Wookey, Wells 
Honnywill, Rev. J. E. W. Leigh-on-Mendipy Coleford, 
Bath 
tHood, Sir Alexander Acland, Bart, m.p., St. Audries, 
290 Bridgwater, Trustee 

tHook, Rev. Preb. W. Porhck 
Home, Rev. Ethelbert, Downside Monastery, Bath 
Horner, J. F. Fortescue, Mells 
Hoskins, Ed. J. 76, Jermyn Street, London, W. 
Hoskjns, H. W. North Ferrot Manor, Crewherne 
295tHoskyns, Col. South Petherton, v.p. 
Houston, H. S. Lindenfels, Frome 
Hudd, A. E., F.s.A. 94, Pembroke Road, Clifton 
Hughes, Rev. F. L. I^ydeard St. iMwrence 
Humphreys, A. L. 187, Piccadilly, TAtndon, W. 
SOOfHunt, Rev. W. 24, Phillimore Gardens, Campden Hill, 
Kensington, W. 
Himt, Wm. Alfred, Pen, Yeovil 
Husbands, H. Wessen, North Town House, Taunton 
Hutchings, H. Sandford Orcas, Sherlwrne (deceased) 
fHylton, The Rt. Hon. the Lord, Ammerdown Park, Bad- 
stock, Bath, v.p. 
305 Hyson, Rev. J. B. Yeovilton, Hchester 
Impey, Miss E. C. Street 
Inman, H. B. Pine House, Batheaston, Bath 
Inman, T. F. Kilkenny House, Bath 
Isgar, R. Wells 
310 Jacobs, M. Taunton 

James, W. H. Weston-super-Mare 
Jane, Wm. Congresbury 

Jefferies, C. S. Sanforth, Highdale Road, Cletedon 
Jennings, A. R. Taunton 
315 Jex-Blake, The Very Rev. T. W., Dean of Wells, f.k.a. 
The Deanery, Wells, v.p. 
Jex-Blake, Arthur John, Magdalen College, Oxford 
Johnson, Admiral, Haines Hill, Taunton 
Johnston, Joseph Nicholson, Hesketh House, Yeovil 
Jones, J. E. Northwood, Rickmansworth 



List of Members for 1898. 237 

320 Jose, Rev. S. P. ChyrcMll 

Jose, Mrs. Churchill 

Joseph, H. W. B. Woodhinds Ilouse^ Holford^ Bridywater 
t Kelly, VV. M., m.d. Ferring^ Worthing^ Sussex 

Kelway, Wm. iMngport 
325tKennion, Rt. Rev. G. W., Lord Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, The Palace, H'ells, v.p. 

Kettlewell, Wm. Harptree Court, East Uarptree 

King, Austin Joseph, 13, Queen Square, Bath 

King, R. Moss, Ashcott Hill, Bridgwater 

Kinglake, tl. H., m.d. Taunton (deceased) 
330 Kinglake, Rev. F. C. irest Monkton 

Kite, G. H. Taunton 

Knight, F. A. Hlntrath, Winscombe, ffeston-super-JMare 

Knight, R. Wellington 

Lance, C'has. E. Stoke Court, Taunton 
335 Lance, Rev. W. H. Buckland St. Mary, Chard 

Langdon, Rev. F. E. W. Parrocks I^dge, Chard 

Langdon, Mrs. Parrocks lA)dge, Chard 

Lawrence, Samuel, Forde House, Taunton 

Lawson, Geo. 36, Craven Hill Gardens, London 
340 Leigh, Henry, 3, Plotcden Buildings, Temple, London 

Leir, Rev. L. Randolph M. Charlton Musgrove, IVincanton 

Leng, W. L. 14, Church Street, Bridgwater 

Lethbridge, Sir Wroth A., Bart. Sandhill Park, Bishop's 
Lydeard 

Lewis, Archibald M. 3, Upper Byron Place, Clifton 
345 Lewis, Josiah, Taunton 

Lewis, Murray, Taunton 

Lewis, William, 12, North Gate Street, Bath 

Liddon, Edward, m.d. Taunton 

Liddon, Rev. Henry John, Taunton 
350 Livett, H. W., m.d. H'ells 

Lock, fJohn, Taunton 

Lock, William, Lewis House, Staplegrove, Taunton 

Long, Col. Congresbury, Bristol 

Louch, J. Langport 
355 Loveday, J. G. fVeir/ield, Taunton 

Loveday, Mrs. „ „ 

Lovibond, G. The Friars, Bridgwater 

Lovibond, Mrs. The Grange, Langport 

Ludlow, Walter, Alcombe, Dnnster 
360tLuttrell, G. F. Dunster Castle, v.p. 

Lyte, Sir Henry Maxwell, k.c.b., f.s.a. 3, Portman 
Square, London, W. 



238 List of Members for 1898. 

Macdermott, Miss, 20, The Crescent^ Taunton 

Macdonald, J. A., m.d. Taunton 

Macmillan, W. Castle Cari/ 
365 Macmillan, A. S. The Avenue, Yeovil 

MaggR, F. R. Princes Street, Yeovil 

Major, Charles, Wembdon, Bridqwater 

Malet, T. H. W. 23, Trafahjar Square, Chelsea, SJf\ 

Mapleton, Rev. H. M. Badgworth, Weston-super-Mare 
370 Marshall, Rev. Hugh John 

Marshall, Wilfred (ieorge, Norton Manor, Taunton 

Marson, Mrs. Hambridge Vicarage, Curry Rivel 

Marwood, J. B. Eastcott, 86, Boston Road, Ilanwell, 
Middlesex 

Marriott, H. M. Heale House, Curry Rivel 
375 Master, Rev. G. S. Bourton Grange, Flax-Bourton, Bristol 

Mathew, Rev. M. A. Buckland Dinham, Fromc 

Mawer, A. tleiFeray, Kelston, J^Veston-snper-Mare 

May, Rev. W. D. 
tMaynard, Alfred, Henley lAtdge, Taunton 
380 Maynard, Howard „ 

McAulifFe, W. J. Taunton 

McConnell, Rev. C. J. Pylle Rectory, Shepton Mallet 

Mead, Francis H. m.p. 1855, Fourth Street, San Diego, 
California, U.S.A. 

Meade, Francis, The Hill, lAingport 
385 Meade-King, R. Liddon, m.d. Taunton 

Meade-King, Walter, 1 1, Baring Crescent, Hearitree, 
Exeter. 

Medley, Rev. J. B. Tyntesjield, Bristol 

Medlycott, Sir E. B., Bart. Ven, Milborne Port 

Mellor, Right Hon. J. W., m.p., Q.G. Culmhead, Taunton 
390 Meredith, J., m.d. Wellington 

Michell, Rev. A. T. Sheriff hales Vicarage, Newport, Salop 

Mildmay, Rev. A. St. John, Hazelgrove Park, Queen 
Camel, Bath 
t Mitchell, F. Chard 

Mitchell, G. W. 76, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, lAfndon 
395 Monday, A. J. Taunton 

Moore, F. S. Castle Cary 

Morland, John, Glastonbury 

Mullins, Mrs. The Glebe, Weston-super-Mare 

Mullins, Miss „ „ 

400 Murray-Anderdon, H. E. Henlade, Taunton, and 27, 
Sloane Gardens, Londoji 

Naylor, J. R., C.s.l. Cadbury House, Yatton 



List of Members for 1898. 239 

Newell, Rev. Preb. C\ F. Chiselborouyh Rectory^ Stoke- 
under-Ham 

Newell, Major H. L. „ „ „ 

Newnham, Capt. N. J. Blaydon Courts Bristol 
405 New York Public Library, Astor Library Buildings^ N.Y. 

Newton, F. M. Barton Granye^ Taunton 

Nicol, Herbert, Poundisford Park^ Taunton 

Nichols, James 

Nicholson, Rev. Preb. J. Y. Aller Rectory^ Lanyjwrt 
410 Norman, C'ol. Compton, Taunton 

Norman, G. 12, Brock Street^ Bath 
tNorris, Hugh, South Pctherton 

Odgers, Rev. J. E. 145, Woodstock Road^ Oxford 

O'Donoghue, Henry O'Brien, T^ony Ashton 
415 Olivey, H. P. North Curry 

Ommanney, Rev. Preb. G. D. W. 29, Beaumont Street^ 
Oxford 

O'Neill, Rev. J. M. IVembdon^ Bridywater 
tPaget, The Rt. Hon. Sir Richard H., Bai-t., r.c. Cran- 
more Hall, Shepton Mallet, v.r. 

Palmer, H. P. Wellinyton Terrace, Taunton 
420 Parsons, H. F., m.D. 4, Park Hill Rise, Croydon, Surrey 

Pass, A. C. Hawthornden, Clifton Down, Bristol 

Paul, A. D. Chard 

Paul, R. W. 3, Arundel Street, Strand, I^ndon, H\C. 

Paynter, J. B. Hendford Manor House^ Yeovil 
425tPeacock, Rev. E. Rockfield Nunney, Frome 

Peace, A. Siher Craiy, Weston-super-Mare 

Peake, Rev. George iiden. Over Stotvey, Bridywater 

Pearce, Edwin, Taunton 

Pearse, Rev. Beauchamp K. W. The Old Rectory, Ascot, 
Staines 
430 Peirson, Rev. E. G. Exford Rectory^ Dnnster 

Penny, Rev. C. W. Shute End House, Wokingham, Berks 
(deceased) 

Penny, Rev. E. L, d.d., r.n. Cory ton, Pentillic Road, 
Plymouth 

Penny, Rev. James Alpass, Wispington Vicarage, Horn- 
castle, Lincolnshire 

Penny, T. Taunton 
435 Perceval, Cecil H. Spencer, Severn House, Henbury, Bristol 

Percival, Rev. S. E. Mrrriott Vicarage, Crewkerne 

Perfect, Rev. H. T. Stanton Drew 

Perkins, A. E. Taunton 

Perry, Lieut.-Col. J. Crewkerne 



240 List of Members for 1898. 

440 Perry, Rev. C. R., b.d. Mickfield Rectory^ Siowmarket 
•Petherick, E. A., f.u.g.s. 85, Hopton Road^ Streathawy 
London^ S.W, 
Phelips, W. R. Montacute Hanse^ Montacute^ S,0.^ Som. 
Phillips, Rev. Theodore E. R. Hcndford, Yeovil 
Phillis, John, 31, High Street^ Shepton Mallet 
445 Philp, Capt. Pendogget^ Timsburg^ Bath 

tPinney, Col. Wm. Somerton Erleigh^ v.p. (deceased) 
Pittman, #1. Banks, Basing House^ Basinghall Street^ 

London^ E,C. 
Pitt-Rivers, Lt.-Gen., f.k.s., f.s.a. Rushmore, Salisbury 
Plowman, Miss, Greenwag, North Curry 
450 Poole, H. R. South Petherton 

Poole, Rev. Robert Blake, Ilton Vicarage^ Ilminster 
Poole, Wm. Park Street^ Taunton 
Pooll, R. P. H. Batten, Road Manor, Bath 
Pope, tlohn, Nowers, Wellington 
455 Porch, .1. A. Edgarley House, Glastonbury 

Portman, Hon. E. W. B. Hestercombe, Taunton 
tPortman, The Rt. Hon. The Viscount, Bryanstone House, 
Dorset, v. P. 
Potter, Wm. 12, The Crescent, Taunton 
Powell, Septimus, The Hermitage, Weston-super-Mare 
460 Prankerd, P. D. The Knoll, Sneyd Park, Bristol 
Price, R. E. Broomfield Hall, Bridgwater 
Prideaux, C S., l.d.s., u.c.s., Eng. Cornhill, Dorchester 
Prideaux, W. de C. 
tPring, Rev. Daniel J. Wilton, Taunton 
465 Prior, R. C. A., m.d. Halse 
Quicke, Rev. C. P. Ashbrittlc 
Raban, Rev. R. C. W. Bishops Hull 
*Ramsden, Sir John Wm., Bart. Bulstrode, Gerrar(Cs 
Cross, Bucks, 6, Upper Brook Street, London, and 
By ram, Yorkshire 
Rankine, A. 
470 Rashlei^h, E. Colman, Taunton 

Rawle, E. J. Camden Villa, Chislehurst, Kent 
Raymond, Walter, Yeovil 
Reeves, A. Taunton 

Risk, Rev. J. E. Stockleigh English, Crcditon, Devon 
475 Richardson, Rev. A. Brislington 

Rigden, U. W. Cyprus Terrace, Taunton 
Risley, S. Norris 

Rixon, W. A. Alfoxion Park, Holford, Bridgwater 
Roberts, F. W. Northbntok Lodge, Taunton 



List of Members for 1898. 241 

480 Roberts, Killam, M.R.C.S., Eng. Shillinyton^ Bedfordshire 

Rocke, Airs. Chalice Hill, Glastonbury 

Rogers, G. H. 16, Park Street, Taunton 

Rogers, The Worshipful Chancellor, T. E. Yarlington 
House, fVincanton 

Rogers, W. H. H. f.S.a. Bellevue, Polshe Road^ Exeter 
485 Rose, Rev. W. F. Hutton, Weston-super-Mare 

Rossi ter, G. F., m.b. Weston-super-Mare 

Rowe, J. Brooking, f.s.a. Castle Barbican, Plympton, 
Devon, 

Rowley, W. L. P. Brazenose Colleye, Oxford, and Wool- 
avington 

Ruddock, Miss Fanny M. Elmfield, Clevedon 
490 Ruegg, Lewis H. Westbury, Sherborne, Dorset 

Rutter, Rev. J. H. Ilminster 

Salmon, Ven. Archdeacon E. A. Brent Knoll, Hiyhbridye 

Samson, C. H. Taunton 
tSanford, W. A. Nynehead Court, Wellington, v.p. Trustee 
495 Sanford, E. C. A. „ „ 

Saunders, G. Jun. Lydeard House, Taunton 

Sawyer, Col. E. Hinton St. George 

Scott, Rev. J. P. Wey House, Taunton 

Scott, M. H. 5, Lansdown Place West, Bath 
500tSeale, Rev. F. S. P. Pitminster 

Sealy, W. H. Heathjield House, Norton Fitzwarren, 
Taunton. 
t Sears, R. H. Priory House, Taunton (deceased) 

Semple, VV. Rae Mac-Phim, M.B. Ch. M. Yeovil 

Sheldon, Thomas, Clevedon 
505 Shore, Capt. The Hon. Henry N. Mount Elton, Clevedon 

Short, John, Provis, Batcombe, Bath 

Shum, F. 17, Norfolk Crescent, Bath 

Sibley, J. P. Highclere House, Taunton 

Skinner, Stephen, m.b. Tranent Lawn, Clevedon 
510tSkrine, H. D. Claverton Manor, Bath, v.P. 

Skrine, H. M. Warleigh Manor, Bath 

Slade, Wyndham, Monty s Court, Taunton 
tSloper, E. Dashwood House, Broad Street, London 

Sly, E. B. Glastonbury 
515 Smith, A. J. North Street, Taunton 

Smith, F. Buchanan, Haines Hill, Taunton 
t Smith, Rev. Gilbert E. Barton St. David 

Smith, Wm., M.l). Weyhill, Andover 

Smith, J. H. W. Roseneath, Taunton 
520 Smith, W. Carleton, Chipley, Wellington 

Vol. XLI V (Third Serwi, Vol, I V), Pari 11. hh 



242 List of Members for 1898. 

t Smith, Rev. A. H. A. The Vicarage^ Avf^ 

Smith, Major, Lyng 

Somers, B. E. Mendijj Lodye^ Langford^ Bristol 

Somerville, A. F. Binder^ Wells 
525 Sommerville, R. G. Creechbarrow^ Taunton 

Southall, H. The Craig, Ross 

Southam, Rev. J. H. Trull 

Sparks, William, Crewkerne 

Speke, W. Jordans, Rminstcr 
530 Spencer, Frederick, Pondsmead, Oakhill, Bath 

Spencer, J. H. Corfe, Taunton 

Spicer, Northcote W. Chard 

SpiUer, H. J. Taunton 

Spiller, Miss, Sunny Bank, Bridgwater 
535 Standley, A. P. Rossall School, Fleetwood 

t Stanley, E. J., m.p. Qnantock Lodge, Bridgwater, Trustee, 

President. 
•Stanley, H. T. Quantock Lodge, Bridgwater 

Stanway, Moses, Park Street, Taunton 

Steevens, A. Taunton 
540 Stephenson, Rev. Preb. J. H. Lympsham 

Stevens, E. W. 4, Birch Grove, Taunton 

Stoate, Wm. Belmont, Burnham 
tStrachey, Sir E., Bart., Sutton Court, Pensford, Bristol, v. P. 

Stradling, Rev. W. J. L. Chilton^super-Polden 
545 StringfeJlow, A. H. The Chestnuts, Taunton 

Stuckey, Vincent, Hill House, Langport 

Sully, Christopher VV. fVembdon Road, Bridgwater 

Sully, T. N. Doicnleaze, Sneyd Park, Bristol 

Sully, J. Norman, Bridgwater 
550 Sully, G. B. Belmont, Burnham 

Summerfield, William, St. George's Villa, Taunton 

Surrage, E. J. Rocke, 1, Garden Court, Temple, London 
tSweetman, Geo. Wincanton 

Tanner, Rev. T. C Burlescomhe Vicarage, IVellington 
555 Taplin, T. K. Mount House, Milverton 

Tarr, Francis John, Roseneath, Willsbridge, near Bristol 

Taylor, Thomas, Taunton 

Taylor, Rev. A. D. Churchstanton 

Taylor, Rev. C. S. Banwell, R.S.O,, Somerset 
560 Taylor, Rev •!. H. Re Abbots 

tTemple, Rt. Hon. Earl, Newton House, Bristol, Trustee 

Thatcher, A. A. Midsomcr Xorton, Bath 

Thatcher, Edward tl. Firjicld House, Knowlr, Bristol 

Thomas, C E. Granville, Lansdown, Bath 



List of Members for 1898. 243 

565 Thompson, A. S. 10, Greenway Avenue^ Taunton 

Thompson, Rev. Archer, Montrose^ IVeston Park^ Bath 

Thompson, H. Stuart, 30, Waterloo Street^ Birminf/ham 

Thomson, Rev. G. O. L. Merton Vfcarar/e^ Bicester 

Thring, Rev. Preb. Godfrey, Plonk's Hilly Sbamley Green^ 
Guildford 
570 Tilley, J. A. C. 63, Cheyne Court, Chelsea 
tTite, C. 

Tite, Mrs. 

Todd, D' ArcT, 36, Norfolk Square, Hyde Park, Ij}ndon, fV. 

Toft, Rev. H. Axbridge 
575tTomkins, Rev. H. G. Weston-super-Mare 

Tomkins, Rev. W. S. 33, Canynye Square, Clifton, Bristol 

Tordiffe, Rev. Stafford, Stapleyrove 

Trask, Charles, Norton, Uminster 

Trenchard, W. J. HeideBery House, Mary Street, Taunton 
580tTrevilian, E. B. Cely, Midelney Place, Drayton, v.p. 

Trevilian, Mrs. Midelney Place, Curry Rivel 

Tucker, W. J. Chard 

Tuckett, F. F. Frenchay, Bristol 

Turner, H. G. Stapleyrove, and 19, Sloane Gardens, 
London, S.W, 
585 Tynte, Halswell M. Kemeys, Halswell, Bridywater 

Tynte, St. David Kemeys, Sherwood, Goathurst 

Ussher, W. A. E., H.M. Geoloyical Survey 

Utterson, Major-Gen. Sidbrook, Taunton 

Valentine, E. W. Somerton 
590 Vile, J. G. Wilton lAidye, Taunton 

Villar, Mrs. W. J. Tauntfield, Taunton 

Wadmore, Rev. J. A. W. Barrow Gumey, Bristol 

Wainwright, Chas. Summerlcaze, Shepton Mallet 

Wait, H. W. K. 13, Paragon, Clifton 
595t Wakefield, J. E. W. Taunton 

Waldron, Clement, Llandaff, S. Wales 

Walter, W. W. Stokesub-Hamdon 

Warry, G. D., Q.c. Shapwick 

Warry, Henry Cockeram, The Cedars, Preston Road, 
Yeovil 
600 Watts, B. H. 13, Queen Square, Bath 

Weaver, Chas. Uplands, St. John's Road, Clifton 
t Weaver, Rev. F. W. Milton Clevedon, Evercreech, General 
Secretary 

Welch, C. 21, Ellesher Gardens, Richmond, Surrey 

Wells, The Dean and Chapter 
605 Wells, Theological College 



244 List of Members Jor 1898. 

Were, F. Gratwicke Hall, Barrow Gurney^ Bristol 

West, Rev. W. H. 25, Pidteney Street, Bath 

Westlake, W. H. Taunton 

Whale, Rev. T. W. fFeston, Bath 
610 Whistler, Rev. C. W., m.r.c.S. Stockland, Bridgwater 

White, Saml. The Holt^ Mountlands, Tauntoti 

Whitting, C. G. Glandore, Weston-super-Mare 

Wickenden, F. B. Tone House, Taunton 

Wickham, Rev. A. P. Martock 
6 15t Williams, Rev. Wadham Pigott, Weston-super-Mare 

Williams, Thos. Webb, Flax-Bourton 

Wilkinson, Rev. Thos. The Manse, Taunton 

Wills, H. H. W. Barley IVood, Wrington 

Wills, Sir W. H. Bart., M.P. Coombe Lodge, Blagdon, 
R,S,0., ^Somerset 
620 Wilson, Rev. W. C. Huntspill 

Willcocks, A. D. Taunton 

Winter, Major, Yorhe House, Bideford 
tWinterbotham, W. L., m.b. Bridgwater 

Win wood. Rev. H. H. 11, Cavendish Crescent, Bath 
625 Winwood, T. H. R. Wellisford Manor, Wellington 

Wood, Alexander, The Laurels, Horsham, Sussex 

Wood, F. A. Higlifield, Chew Magna 

Wood, Rev. W. Berdniore, Bicknoller Vicarage 

Woodforde, Rev. A. J. Locking Vicarage, Weston-super- 
Mare 
630 Wooler, W. H. Weston-super-Mare 
tWorthington, Rev. J. Taunton 

Wright, W. H. K. Free Library, Plymouth 

Wyatt, J. W. Eastcourt, Wookey, Weston-super-Mare 



Members are requested to iafonn **The Secretaries, Taunton Castle" of any 
errors or omissions in the above list ; they are also requested to authorise 
their Bankers to pay their subscriptions annually to Stuckey's Banking 
Company, Taunton ; or to either of their branches ; or their respective 
London Agents, on account of the Treasurer. 



Rules. 



^pHIS Society shall be denominated "The Somersetshire 

J. ARCHiBOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HlSTORY SOCIETY;" and its 

object shall be the cultivation of, and collecting information on, 
Archaeology and Natural History in their various branches, but more 
particularly in connection with the County of Somerset, and the 
establishment of a Museum and Librar}'. 

IL — The Officers of the Society shall consist of a Patron and 
Trustees, elected for life ; a President ; Vice-Presidents ; General and 
District or Local Secretaries ; and a Treasurer, elected at each 
Anniversary Meeting ; with a Committee of twelve, six of whom 
shall go out annually by rotation, but may be re-elected. No person 
shall be elected on the Committee until he shall have been six months 
a Member of the Society. 

III. — Anniversary General Meetings shall be held for the purpose 
of electing the Officers, of receiving the Keport of the Committee 
for the past year, and of transacting all other necessary business, at 
such time and place as the Committee shall appoint, of which 
Meetings three weeks' notice shall be given to the Members. 

IV. — There shall also be a General Meeting, fixed by the Com- 
mittee, for the purpose of receiving reports, reading Papers, and 
transacting business. All Members shall have the privilege of 
introducing one friend to the Anniversary and General Meetings. 

V. — The Committee is empowered to call Special Meetings of the 
Society upon receiving a requisition signed by ten Members. Three 
weeks' notice of such Special Meeting and its objects, shall be given 
to each Member. 

VL — The affairs of the Society shall be directed by the Committee 
(of which the Officers of the Society will be eoa-officio Members) 
which shall hold monthly Meetings for receiving Reports from the 
Secretaries and sub-Committees, and for transacting other necessary 
business ; three of the Committee shall be a quorum. Members may 
attend the Monthly Committee Meetings after the official business 
has been transacted. 

VIT. — ^The Chairman at Meetings of the Society shall have a 
casting vote, in addition to his vote as a Member. 



246 Rules. 

VIII. — One (at least) of the Secretaries shall attend each Meeting, 
and shall keep a record of its proceedings. The property of the 
Society shall, be held in Trust for the Members by twelve Trustees, 
who shall be chosen frop the Members at any General Meeting. 
All Manuscripts and Communications and other property of the 
Society shall be under the charge of the Secretaries. - 

IX. — Candidates for admission as Members shall be proposed by 
two Members at any of the Creneral or Committee Meetin^^rs, and 
the election shall be determined by ballot at the next Committee or 
General Meeting; three-fourths of the Members present balloting 
shall elf^ct The Rules of the Society shaH be subscribed by every 
person becoming a Member. 

X. — Ladies shall be eligible as Members of the Society without 
ballot, being proposed by two Members and approved by the majority 
of the Meeting. 

XL — Each Member shall pay Ten Shillings and Sixpence on 
admission to the Society, and Ten Shillings and Sixpence as an 
annual subscription, which shall become due on the first of January 
in each year, and shall be paid in advance. 

XII. — Donors of Ten Guineas or upwards shall be Members for 
life. 

XIII. — At General Meetings of the Society the Committee may 
recommend persons to be balloted for as Honorary and Corresponding 
Members. 

XIV. — When an office shall become vacant, or any new appoint- 
ment shall be requisite, the Committee shall have power to fill up 
the same : such appointments shall remain in force only till the next 
General Meeting, when they shall be either confirmed or annulled. 

XV. — The Treasurer shall receive all Subscriptions and Donations 
made to the Society, and shall pay all accounts passed by the Com- 
mittee; he shall keep a book of receipts and payments, which he 
shall produce whenever the Committee shall require it ; the accounts 
shall be audited previously to the Anniversary Meeting by two 
Members of the Committee chosen for that purpose, and an abstract 
of them shall be read at the Meeting. 

XVI.T — No change shall be made in the laws of the Society except 
at a General or Special Meeting, at which twelve Members at least 
shall be present Of the proposed change a month's notice shall 
be given to the Secretaries, who shall communicate the same to each 
Member three weeks before the Meeting. 

XVII. — Papers read at Meetings of the Society, may (with the 
Author's consent and subject to the discretion of Uie Committee) be 
published in the Proceedings of the Society. 

XVIII. — No religious or political discussions shall be permitted at 
Meetings of the Society. 



Rules. 247 

XIX. — Any person contributing books or s|)ecimens to the Museum 
shall be at liberty to resume possession of them in the event of a 
dissolution of the Society. Persons shall also have liberty to deposit 
books or specimens for a specific time only. 

XX. — In case of dissolution, the real pro^xsr by of the Society in 
Taunton shall be held by the Trustees, for the advancement of 
Literature, Science and Art, in the town of Taunton and the county 
of Somerset. 



linlts for i^t ^obernmtitt of t^e f ibrars. 

1. — The Library shall be open for the use of the Members of the 
Society daily (with the exception of Sundays, Qood Friday and 
Christmas Day), from Ten in the Morning till Five in the Afternoon, 
from April to August inclusive, and during the remaining months 
of the year until Four o clock. 

2. — Every Member of the Society whose annual Subscription 
shall not be more than three months in arrear may borrow out of 
the Library not more than two volumes at a time, and may exchange 
any of the borrowed volumes for others as often as he may please, btit 
so that he shall not have more than two in his possession at any 
one time. 

3 — Every application by any Member who shall not attend in 
person for the loan of any book or books shall be in writing. 

4. — So much of the title of every book borrowed as will suffice to 
distinguish it, the name of the borrower, and the time of borrowing 
it, shall be entered in a book to be called the *' Library Delivery 
Book ; " and such entry, except the application be by letter, shall be 
signed by the borrower ; and the return of books borrowed shall be 
duly entered in the same book. 

5. — ^The book or books boiTOwed may either be taken away by the 
borrower, or sent to him in any reasonable and recognised mode 
which he may request ; and should no request be made, then the 
Curator shall send the same to the borrower by such mode as the 
Curator shall think fit. 

6. — All cost of the packing, and of the transmission and return of 
the book or books borrowed, shall in every case be defrayed by the 
Member who shall have borrowed the same. 

7. — No book boiTOwed out of the Library shall be retained for a 
longer period than one month, if the same be applied for in the mean- 
time by any other Member; nor in any case shall any book be 
retained for a longer period than three months. 



248 Rules. 

8. — Every Member who shall borrow any book out of the Library 
shall be responsible to the Society for its safety and good condition 
from the time of its leaving the Library \ also if he borrow any book 
or manuscript within the Library, till it shall be returned by him. 
And in case of loss or damage, he shall replace the same or make it 
good ; or, if required by the Committee, shall furnish another copy of 
the entire work of which it may be part. 

9. — No manuscript, nor any drawing, nor any part of the Society's 
collection of prints or rubbings shall be lent out of the Library 
without a special order of the Committee, and a bond given for its 
safe return at such time as the Committee shall appoint. 

10. — The Committee shall prepare, and may from time to time add 
to or alter, a list of such works as shall not be lent out of the Libraryy 
on account of their rarity, value, or peculiar liability to damage ; or 
on account of their being works of reference often needed by 
Members personally using the Library, and a copy of such list for the 
time being shall be kept in the Library. 

1 1. — No book shall be lent out until one month after the acquisition 
of it for the Library. 

12. — Extracts from the manuscripts or printed books are allowed 
to be made freely, but in case of a transcript being desired of a whole 
manuscript or printed book, the consent of the Committee must be 
previously obtained. 

13. — Persons not being Members of the Society may be admitted 
for a period not exceeding one week, to consult printed books and 
manuscripts not of a private nature in the Society's Library, for any 
special purpose, on being introduced by a Member, either personally 
or by letter. 

14. — No book shall be lent to any person not being a Member of 
the Society without a special order of the Committee. 

15. — Before any Member can borrow a book from the Library, he 
must acknowledge that he consents to the printed Rules of the 
Society for the Government of the Library. 

'^'J^' it is requested that coTUributions to the M^ueum or Library he 
sent to tl^ Curator, at the Taunton Castle, 



linles for ti^e |ormatton of f oral %uu\ Sotietits. 

I — On the application of not less than Five Members of the 
Society the Council may authorise the formation of a Local Branch 
in any District, and may, if considered advisable, define a specific 
portion of the County as the District to such Branch. 



Rule^, 249 

2. — Societies already in existence, may, on application from the 
governing bodies, be affiliated as Branches. 

3. — All Members of the Parent Society shall be entitled to becoioe 
Members oi smj Branch. 

4. — A Branch Society may elect Local Associates not necessaiily 
Members of the Parent Society. 

5. — Members of the Council of the Parent Society, being Members 
of, and residing within the District assigned to any Branch, shall be 
tx-offido Members of the Council of such Branch. 

6. — A Branch Society may fix the rates of Subscription for Mem- 
bers and Associates, and make Rules and Bye- Laws for the government 
of such Branch, subject in all cases to the approval of the Council of 
the Parent Society. 

7. — A Branch Society shall not be entitled to pledge the credit of 
the Parent Society in any manner whatsoever. 

8. — The authority given by the Council may at any time be with- 
drawn by them, subject always to an appeal to a Geneml Meeting. 

9. — Every Branch Society shall send its Publications and the Pro- 
grammes of its Meetings to the Parent Society, and in return shall 
receive a free copy of the Parent Society's Proceedings. 

10. — K on any discovery being made of exceptional interest a 
Branch Society shall elect to communicate it to the Parent Society 
before themselves making it a matter of discussion, the Parent Society, 
if it adopts it as the subject of a paper at one of its ordinary Meetings, 
shall allow the Branch Society to make use of any Illustrations that 
the Parent Society may prepare. 

11.— ^ Any Officer of a Branch Society, or any person recommended 
by the President, Vice-President, Chairman or Secretary, or by any 
Two of the Members of the Council of a Branch Society, shall on the 
production of pi*oper Vouchers be allowed to use the Library of the 
Society, but without the power of removing books except by the 
express permission of the Council. 

12. — Branch Societies shall be invited to furnish Reports from 
time to time to the Parent Society with regard to any subject or 
discovery which may be of interest. 

December, 1898. 



Vol. XLJ V (Third Series, Vol- IV), Part 11. 



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OCT 21 !»*!i 



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