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Full text of "Proceedings and collections of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society"

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974.801 

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v.4 

1893/98 

1676068 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



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Wyoming Historical and Geological Society 

WILKES-BARBE, PA. 



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Printed by E. B. Yordy & Co. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 



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PROCEEDINGS 



COLLECTIONS 



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WYOMING HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 




V/(H 

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VOLUME IV. 



-/. , 

Wilkes-Barrf., Pa. 
Printed for the Society. 
1899. _ . 



1676068 

CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 

Preface, ji 

Proceedings of the Society from 1893 to 1S98, . . v-xxiv 

Reports of Officers, 1893 to 1898, xxv-xlii 

Memoir of Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., portrait, . . . .1-78 

CONTENTS : 

Introductory Note, e 

-Proceedings of the Society on the Death of Mr. Reynolds, 9 

Report of the Committee on Mr. Reynolds' Memoir, . 12 

Genealogy of the Reynolds Family, 20 

Resolutions on the Death of Mr. Reynolds, . . .35-41 
History of the First Presbyterian Church, Wilkes-Barre, 

by Mr. Reynolds ; illustration, the First Pres. Church, 45 

Societies of which Mr. Reynolds was a Member, . . . 75 

In Memoriam, by Alexander H. McClintock, Esq., . . 76 

Bibliography of Mr. Reynolds, 78 

Historical Society Building ; illustration, Frontispiece, . 81 

Address of Hon. Stanley Woodward, 1893, 83 

Annual Address, 1S96, by Hon. Stanley Woodward, 
"The Yankee and the Pennamite in the Wyoming 
Valley," 95 

The Bell of the "Old Ship Zion," by Rev. N. G. Parke, 

D. D. ; illustration, The Old Bell, IXX 

Supplement, by C. I. A. Chapman ; portrait of Michael 

Kienzle, jjg 

The Connecticut Charter and the Declaration of 

Independence, by Rev. W. G. Andrews, D. D., . .121 

Record of Marriages and Deaths, Wyoming Valley, 
1826-1816, 



'O^i 



133 



11 contents. 

Obituaries of Members : 

Charles Parrish, 157 

Miss Emily I. Alexander, 160 

Charter and By-Laws of the Society, 163 

'Officers of the Society for 1899, 172 

Elective Officers of the Society from 1858 to 1899, . 173 

Membership of the Society : 

Honorary, 177 

Corresponding, 177 

Life, 179 

Resident, 180 

Portraits presented to the Society, 184 

Papers read before the Society from 1858 to 1899, . 185 
Contributors to the Society for 1897-1898, .... 190 
Index, 194 



PREFACE 

The Publishing Committee of the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society takes great pleasure in presenting 
to the members of the Society the Fourth volume of its "Pro- 
ceedings and Collections." 

Thirteen years have elapsed since the Third volume, "The 
Memoir of Harrison Wright, Ph. D.," was published, and 
more than that period of time since the list of members was 
printed, although the hiatus has been slightly filled by 
fifteen brief titles from the Society's press. 

In resuming the issue of the "Proceedings and Collec- 
tions" it is the present purpose of the Committee to issue a 
similar volume annually, and the work on volume Five will 
begin during the summer, so as to secure its delivery early 
in the coming year. 

The Committee found it necessary to issue the first part 
of the present volume, "The Memoir of Sheldon Reynolds, 
Esq.," without waiting for the Proceedings of the Society, 
as a matter of justice to our late honored President. In 
binding the volume, the Memoir (pages i to 78) should take 
its place immediately after page xlii. 

The labor of the entire work of preparation, proof read- 
ing and issue of volume Four has fallen upon the Corre- 
sponding Secretary, who wishes to assume all responsibility 
for such errors as may appear. 

Rev. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 
WILLIAM REYNOLDS RICKETTS, 
Miss HANNAH PACKARD JAMES, 

Publishing Committee. 



Proceedings and Collections 

OF THE 

iD goming historical cmb (Ecological 0octctg, 

Volume IV. \/ m wilkes-barre, pa. Part 1. 

PROCEEDINGS. 



Annual Meeting, February u, 1893. 

The meeting convened at 11 o'clock a. m. Meeting opened 
with prayer by Rev. Mr. Hayden. 

President Calvin Parsons in the chair. The Society proceeded 
with the election of officers for the ensuing year, when the fol- 
lowing gentlemen receiving all the votes cast were declared elected: 

President, Calvin Parsons. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. Henry L. Jones, Hon. Eckley B. Coxe, 
Hon. L. D. Shoemaker, F. V. Rockafellow. 

Trustees, L. H. Taylor, M. D., H. H. Harvey, Edward 
Welles, Hon. C. A. Miner, S. L. Brown. 

Treasurer, Andrew H. McClintock. 

Recording Secretary, Joseph D. Coons. 

Corresponding Secretary, Sheldon Reynolds. 

Librarian, J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Dr. F. C. Johnson. 

Curators — ^Mineralogy and Conchology, I. A. Stearns. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Archaeology, Sheldon Reynolds. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Historiographer, George B. Kulp. 

Meteorologist, Rev. Franklin Blanchard Hodge, D. D. 

The Historiographer reported thirteen deaths during the year, 
viz : Henry Colt Wilson, William Penn Miner, Fred Landmesser, 
J. H. Hildreth, John C. Phelps, Edward Jones, J. A. Price, 
Hubbard B. Payne, Brinton Coxe, J. Vaughn Darling, Henry 
M. Hoyt, Jay Gould, Houghton B. Robinson. 



VI PROCEEDINGS. 

The following persons were elected to Resident membership: 
John M. Crane, Shepherd Ayers, Asher Miner, Jacob Roberts, Jr. 

The question of the time and manner of opening the new 
building was presented by Mr. Reynolds, who moved that the 
Trustees be appointed a Committee with full power to arrange 
for the formal opening of the building. The motion was 
seconded, discussed and carried. The report of the Treasurer 
was read, received and filed. The report of the Secretary was 
also read, received and filed. On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden, 
the Secretary was instructed to request Mr. William B. Miner 
to deposit with the Society, either as a gift or a loan for safe 
keeping, the files of local newspapers left by his father. Dr. 
F. C. Johnson, referring to a Moravian map of the settlements 
along the Susquehanna, from Harris Ferry to Plymouth, on 
motion, Dr. Johnson was requested to read a paper on this map. 
On motion, W. H. Sturdevant was elected to represent the 
Society at Hartford, Conn. , in an effort to obtain copies of maps 
and other documents relating to Wyoming. 



Special Meeting, November 20, 1893, 8 o'clock P. M. 

Present, sixty-two members, one hundred visitors. President 
Calvin Parsons in the chair. 

This meeting was called for the formal presentation to the 
Society, by the Directors of the Osterhout Free Library, of the 
building erected for the use of the Society. 

After prayer by the Rev. Dr. Hodge, the President announced 
the object of the meeting. 

Henry A. Fuller, Esq. , on behalf of the Osterhout Free Li- 
brary, in a brief address, presented the building to the Society.^ 

Hon. Stanley Woodward, on the part of the Society, accepted 
the building in an address which appears on page 83. 

The formal exercises having been brought to a close, those 
present were invited to inspect the rooms, and the President 
announced that the rooms will be opened to the public on 
Wednesday and Saturday afternoons from two to five o'clock. 



Annual Meeting, February 10, 1894. 

President Calvin Parsons in the chair. 

The meeting was opened with prayer by Rev. H. L. Jones. 

The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. 



PROCEEDINGS. Vll 

The election of officers for the ensuing year being in order, 
the following persons were duly nominated and elected : 

President, Sheldon Reynolds, Esq. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, Hon. Eckley B. 
Coxe, Calvin Parsons, Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Trustees, Hon. Charles A. Miner, Edward Welles, H. H. 
Harvey, S. L. Brown, Richard Sharpe, Jr. 

Treasurer, Andrew H. McClintock. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Recording Secretary, Sidney Roby Miner. 

Librarian, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Harry R. Deitrick. 

Curators — Mineralogy, Major Irvin A. Stearns. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Archaeology, Sheldon Reynolds. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Historiographer, George Brubaker Kulp. 

Meteorologist, Rev. Frank Blanchard Hodge, D. D. 

Sheldon Reynolds, Esq. , presented the report of the Corre- 
sponding Secretary, showing the additions to the library and 
cabinets during the year. On motion the report was received 
and referred to the Publication Committee. 

Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, Curator of Numismatics, made 
his report and requested an appropriation to his department, 
which was received and referred to the Trustees. 

A. H. McClintock, Esq., the Treasurer, presented his report, 
which was received and referred to the Publication Committee. 

The Historiographer reported the death of four members, 
viz : Frederick Ahlborn, Hon. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, 
George Butler Griffin, Horace Hollister, M. D. The report 
was received and referred to the Publication Committee. 

Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., read the report of the committee 
appointed to prepare a special minute on the death of Hon. A. 
T. McClintock, LL. D. , late president of the Society. The report 
was received and referred to the Publication Committee. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden the Society recommended to 
the Trustees an appropriation of $200 for the purchase of books. 

Calvin Parsons presented to the Society a medal made in New- 
gate prison. 

The following persons were elected to membership, viz : George 
C. Lewis, Harry R. Deitrick, H. H. Ashley, William C. Allan, 
William R. Ricketts. 

The Trustees were requested to provide a suitable sign to be 
placed over the door of the Society building. 



Vlll PROCEEDINGS. 

Quarterly Meeting, May ig, 1894. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, in the chair. 

The minutes were read and approved, and contributions were 
formally acknowledged. The following persons were elected to 
membership : Resident, Edwin H. Jones ; Honorary, Dr. Chas. 
J. Stille, President of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

A resolution of thanks was adopted to Conyngham Post, G. . 
A. R. , for the guidon and flag of the Wyoming Artillery carried 
during the Mexican War, and presented to this Society. 

Dr. F. C. Johnson read a very interesting and original paper 
describing the efforts made by the Moravian Missionaries from 
Bethlehem, to plant the gospel banner among the Indians of 
Wyoming Valley. On motion of G. M. Reynolds a vote of 
thanks to Dr. Johnson was unanimously passed. 



Quarterly Meeting, December 21, 1894. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, in the chair. Major 
J. Ridgway Wright was appointed Secretary p. t. 

The minutes of the preceding meeting were read and approved. 

An old survey entitled "Drafts of J. Arndt's Land on Bow- 
man's Creek," with letter of explanation, was presented to the 
Society by C. I. A. Chapman, Esq. , and the gift acknowledged. 

The following persons were elected to membership : Resident 
members, Rev. John B. Sweet, Hon. George W. Shonk ; Cor- 
responding member, Prof. O. T. Mason, Washington City, D. C. 

In the absence of the President, Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., 
through his serious illness, A. H. McClintock, Esq., read a very 
interesting paper written by Mr. Reynolds, entitled "The Fron- 
tier Forts of Wyoming Valley," and prepared by him as a mem- 
ber of the State Commission, appointed by Gov. Robert E. Pat- 
tison, for the purpose of locating the early forts of the state. 

On motion, the thanks of the Society were tendered both to 
Mr. Reynolds for the able paper, and to Mr. McClintock for 
his delightful reading of the same. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden, the Committee on Publica- 
tions was instructed to find out all they could relative to the 
publication of the above paper by the State, and secure as many 
copies as possible for the Society. 

On motion, the Secretary p. t. was instructed to write Mr. 
Reynolds a report of the meeting, and of the reading of the 
paper as prepared by him, with the thanks of the Society for the 
paper, and the individual and collective "Merry Christmas and 
Happy New Year" of the members. 



PROCEEDINGS. IX 

Annual Meeting, February n, 1895. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

Rev. Dr. Jones announced the death of Sheldon Reynolds as 
president of this Society, which occurred on the eighth instant. 

Mr. S. L. Brown presented the following resolutions which 
were adopted unanimously: 

"Whereas, This Society has learned with profound sorrow of 
the death of its President, Sheldon Reynolds, Esq. ; therefore 

Resolved, Thar a Committee consisting of Hons. Stanley 
Woodward, J. Ridgway Wright, and A. H. McClintock, Esq., 
be appointed to draft resolutions of regret and of sympathy with 
his bereaved family, and to prepare a memorial of Mr. Reynolds 
for this Society. 

Resolved, That the rooms of the Society be draped in mourn- 
ing for a period of sixty days. 

Resolved, That we adjourn until Monday, February 25th, at 

II O'clock A. M. " 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden it was directed that^the front 
door of the building be draped in mourning, and a floral tribute 
be furnished by the Society for the funeral. 



Adjourned Annual Meeting, February 25, 1895. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, in the chair. 

After prayer by Rev. Mr. Hayden, the minutes of the two 
preceding meetings were read and approved. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year being in order, 
the following persons were duly nominated and elected : 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. Henry L. Jones, S. T. D. , Hon. Eck- 
ley B. Coxe, Capt. Calvin Parsons, Col. G. Murray Reynolds. 

Trustees, Hon. C. A. Miner, Edward Welles, H. H. Harvey, 
S. L. Brown, Richard Sharpe, Jr. 

Treasurer, Andrew H. McClintock. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Recording Secretary, Sidney Roby Miner. 

Librarian, J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Harry R. Deitrick. 

Curators — Mineralogy, Irving A. Stearns. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Archaeology, J. Ridgway Wright. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 



x proceedings. 

Historiographer, George Brubaker Kulp. 

Meteorologist, Rev. Frank Blanchard Hodge, D.D. 

The Treasurer read his report, which was received and refer- 
red to the Publication Committee. 

The Corresponding Secretary also read his report which was 
similarly referred. 

The report of the Librarian was also read and so referred. 

The report of the Committee appointed to prepare a memorial 
presented a minute, which was read by Mr. McClintock, adopted 
by rising vote, and referred to the Publication Committee. It 
will be found printed in full on page 9 of the present volume. 

On motion, H. H. Harvey, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, and 
J. Ridgway Wright were appointed a Committee to revise the 
By-Laws, and report at the next meeting of the Society. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden read a list of the societies of which 
the late president, Sheldon Reynolds, was a member, and pre- 
sented the following, which was unanimously adopted : 

" 'Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary be requested 
to send official notice of the death of our late president, Shel- 
don Reynolds, Esq., to the various Historical Societies of which 
he was a member, with a copy of the Wilkes-Barre paper con- 
taining a sketch of his life." 

The contributions were formally acknowledged. 

The following persons were elected to membership : Mrs. 
Stella Dorrance Reynolds, and Miss Helen M. Reynolds. 



Quarterly Meeting, May 24, 1895. 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward, in the chair. 

Minutes of the last meeting were read and approved, and 
contributions formally acknowledged. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident— Col. E. B. Beaumont, U. S. A., W. F. Dodge, Col. 
C. B. Dougherty, Alex. Farnham, Dr. A. G. Fell, George A. 
Flanagan, Hon. G. M. Harding, George B. Hillman, Edwin H. 
Jones, Charles W. Lee, George P. Loomis, Charles F. Murray, 
R. Van A. Norris, Gen. E. S. Osborne, Frank Puckey, P. But- 
ler Reynolds, William Sharpe, C. J. Shoemaker, R. C. Shoe- 
maker, Dr. W. S. Stewart, E. W. Sturdevant, Burton Voorhis, 
Thomas Darling, Moses W. Wadhams, J. Butler Woodward, 
Dr. H. Newton Young, Miss Mary L. Bowman, Miss Emily 
Cist Darling, Miss Grace Derr, Mrs. Jennie D. Harvey, Mrs. 



PROCEEDINGS. . XI 

Josephine Wright Hillman, Mrs. Anna Miner Oliver, Mrs. 
Men E. Thomas, Mrs. Stella H. Welles. 

Corresponding — Mr. Maynard Bixby, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

The Committee on By-Laws made the following report : 

Amendment to By-Law II, second paragraph: "All names pro- 
posed for membership shall be referred to the Board of Trustees 
as a committee on membership, and upon the affirmative recom- 
mendation by the majority of the committee shall be voted upon 
at any meeting of the Society," which was approved and refer- 
red to the next quarterly meeting. 

The following resolutions proposed by Rev. Mr. Haydenwere 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That the Publication Committee be requested to 
consider the matter of publishing, for this Society, Mr. Reynolds' 
paper on the 'History of Wilkes-Barre. ' 

"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary be authorized 
to correspond with the Connecticut Historical Society relative 
to the Susquehanna manuscripts in possession of the latter So- 
ciety, and, if necessary, personally to examine these MSS. and 
report to this Society whether it is important to take any steps 
toward procuring copies of the same. 

"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary and the Libra- 
rian be appointed a committee to secure the preparation and 
reading of historical and scientific papers at the regular meet- 
ings of this Society. 

"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary be authorized 
to send to each of those elected to membership this evening, on 
payment of their dues, a copy of the publications of the past 
year." 



Quarterly Meeting, October 4, 1895. 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward, in the chair. Rev. Mr. 
Ilayden was appointed Secretary p. t. 

Minutes of last meeting were read and approved. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident members — Rev. H. H. Welles, D. D., Frederick 
Corss, M. D. , John C. Bridgman, John J. Hines, W. Murray 
Alexander, W. V. Ingham, Daniel A. Fell, Jr., Addison A. Ster- 
ling, Dr. J. T. Howell, Ira M. Kirkendall, Henry A. Fuller, 
I^r. Ernest U. Buckman, William C. Shepherd, Pierce Butler, 
Benjamin Dorrance, Frank W. Wheaton, L. Denison Stearns, 
Robert P. Broadhead, Charles W. Bixby, Leslie L. Ryman, 



Xll PROCEEDINGS. 

Charles H. Alexander, Eugene A. Rhoades, H. J. Dennin, 
James A. Timson, P. M. Carhart, John S. Harding, Gaius L. 
Halsey, Capt. Cyrus Straw, Col. J. C. Paine, Hon. Alfred 
Darte, Isaac M. Thomas, Mrs. Annette J. Gorman, Mrs. 
Sarah R. Woodward, Mrs. Anna M. Maffit, Mrs. Katherine 
Umsted, Mrs. Augustus D. Farnham, Mrs. Francis B. Brundage, 
Mrs. Martha Bennett Phelps, Mrs. Lydia A. Stites, Mrs. Ruth 
B. Hillard, Mrs. Sarah C. Parsons, Mrs. Louise D. Davis, Mrs. 
Mary F. Pfouts, Mrs. Clorinda W. Stearns, Miss Priscilla L. 
Paine, Miss Mae E. Turner, Miss Anna Bennett Phelps, Miss 
Lucy B. Ingham, Miss Amelia B. Hollenback, Miss Martha 
Bennett, Miss Julia G. Butler. 

Honorary members — President E. D. Warfield, LL. D. , La- 
fayette College ; Dr. Samuel A. Green, Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society; Right Rev. N. S. Rulison, D. D., Bethlehem ; J. 
P. Lesley, State Geologist; Rev. Samuel Hart, D. D., Cor- 
responding Secretary Connecticut Historical Society. 

Corresponding members — Henry W. Pickering, Esq. , Boston ; 
Capt. John M. Buckalew, Fishing Creek, Pa. ; John W. Jor- 
dan, Assistant Librarian Pennsylvania Historical Society ; Frank 
Butler Gay, Secretary Connecticut Historical Society ; George 
S. Conover, Geneva, N. Y. ; W. M. Samson, Rochester, N. Y. 

The Committee on By-Laws reported the following amend- 
ments, which were laid over to the next quarterly meeting : 

Article 3, to be amended by inserting the word "original" in 
the first line before the word "limits," so as to read, "any per- 
son not residing within the original limits of the county of Lu- 
zerne may be elected a corresponding member." 

Article 6, by adding to the first paragraph the words "except- 
ing that persons elected after November 1st in any year shall be 
exempt from payment of dues for that year." 

Article 6, second paragraph, by adding to the third sentence 
the words "the fund called the Harrison Wright Memorial Fund, 
and any other such special fund, can be likewise invested and 
the interest used." 

Article 8, by substituting the word "four" for the word "five" 
in the fourth line. 

Article 14, by adding the word "and" before the word Pale- 
ontology in the third line, and omitting the words "and Con- 
chology. ' ' 

Article 16, so as to read "the President, Librarian and the 
four Curators shall constitute a cabinet committee, &c. " 

Article 17, by adding the words "to members" after the word 



PROCEEDINGS. Xlll 

"distribution" in line four, and adding to the article this sen- 
tence: "the publications not distributed to members, or ex- 
changed with kindred societies, shall be sold by the Trustees, 
and the proceeds added to the Harrison Wright Fund, and such 
of the special funds as they think best." 

Order of business, page 14, by inserting after number II 
"reading of minutes of the last stated and all subsequent meet- 
ings." 

On motion of Mr. E. W. Sturdevant, the amendment to By- 
Law II, second paragraph, proposed at the last stated meeting, 
was unanimously adopted. 

Capt. John M. Buckalew, of Fishing Creek, Pa., being in- 
troduced, read a most interesting paper on "The Ancient Forts 
of the Fort Augusta Section of the State." 

On motion, a vote of thanks was given to Capt. Buckalew. 



Stated Meeting, November 8, 1895. 

The President, Hon. Stanley Woodward, in the chair. 

A very interesting paper was read by Dr. F. C. Johnson, de- 
descriptive of "A Moravian Vesper, and a visit to Nazareth, 
Northampton county. ' ' 

A vote of thanks was extended to Dr. Johnson. 



Quarterly Meeting, December 13, 1895. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, in the chair. 

Minutes of the last quarterly meeting were read and approved. 

The Corresponding Secretary acknowledged the receipt, dur- 
ing the past six months, of six hundred and sixty-six volumes 
and pamphlets ; fifty-five pictures and other articles, especially 
a very old crane, waffle irons, etc. , used by and presented in 
the name of the late Mrs. A. T. McClintock ; the records of 
the old Triton Fire Company, by A. Constine ; the seal of the 
Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company, by G. S. Bennett ; a crayon 
portrait of Gen. William S. Ross, by Hon. C. A. Miner ; and 
a crayon portrait of Sheldon Reynolds, Esq. , by Mrs. Reynolds. 
A vote of thanks was passed for the various contributions. . 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident members — Dr. Charles Long, E. W. Mulligan, Wil- 
liam F. Hessel, D. J. M. Loop, Jesse T. Morgan, Dr. F. L. 



XIV PROCEEDINGS. 

Hollister, R. B. Brundage, F. M. Kirby, S. M. Park, Benja- 
min R. Tubbs, W. J. Trembath, Rev. L. L. Sprague, A. S. 
VanWickle, D. D. Brodhead, Abram G. Hoyt, Charles O. Per- 
kins, John A. Turner, Mrs. A. A. Dickson, Mrs. Ella H. 
Emory, Miss Elizabeth Rockwell. 

Corresponding member — Major H. P. Ward, Columbus, Ohio. 

On motion of Mr. S. L. Brown, the amendments to the By- 
Laws proposed at the last quarterly meeting, October 4th, 1S95, 
were adopted. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden, Hon. Stanley Woodward 
was elected to deliver the address at the annual meeting on 
February n, 1896. 

On motion of Major J. R. Wright, a committee of three, 
Messrs. Wright, Woodward and Hayden, were appointed to 
prepare resolutions on the death of Mrs. A. T. McCIintock and 
Mrs. R. B. Hillard. 



Stated Meeting, January 10, 1896. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

The President introduced, as the speaker of the evening, Dr. 
William Henry Egle, the State Librarian, and an Honorary 
member of this Society, who delivered an interesting and popu- 
lar address, entitled "'Pedigree Building." 

On motion, a vote of thanks was unanimously extended to Dr. 
Egle for his kindness. After the address, brief remarks were 
made by members of the Society, and others. 



Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting, February 11, 1896. 

The President, Hon. Stanley Woodward, in the chair. The 
meeting was opened by prayer by Rev. H. H. Welles, D. D. 
Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden was made Secretary pro tern. The 
minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year being in order, 
the following persons were elected unanimously : 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, Capt. Calvin 
Parsons, Col. G. Murray Reynolds, Rev. Dr. Frank B. Hodge. 

Trustees, Hon. Chas. A. Miner, Edward Welles, H. H. Har- 
vey, S. L. Brown, Richard Sharpe. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 



Proceedings. xv 

Recording Secretary, Sidney Roby Miner. 

Treasurer, Dr. Frederick C. Johnson. 

Librarian, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Curators — Mineralogy, Irving A. Stearns. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Archaeology, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Historiographer, George Brubaker Kulp. 

Meteorologist, Rev. Frank Blanchard Hodge, D. D. 

The report of the Treasurer, A. H. McClintock, Esq., was 
read and referred to the Publication Committee. 

On motion of the Secretary, a vote of thanks was most heartily 
given to the retiring Treasurer for his valuable services during 
the past ten years. 

The report of the Corresponding Secretary was also read and 
referred to Publication Committee. 

The Librarian reported additions to the Cabinet 54, and to 
the Library 1070 during the past year. 

Mr. Hayden, from the Committee appointed to prepare reso- 
lutions on the death of Mrs. A. T. McClintock and Mrs. R. B. 
Hillard, presented the following, which was unanimously adopted: 

"Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in His wise provi- 
dence to remove from our midst two of our most valued mem- 
bers, Mrs. Andrew T. McClintock and Mrs. William S. Hillard, 
members whose historical and cultivated tastes, consistent Chris- 
tian lives, and personal interest in this Society, as well as in every 
good work for the improvement of the city, have made them both 
honoured and beloved by all who knew them, we desire to place 
on record our sense of the loss which this Society has sustained 
by their death. Therefore, be it 

' ' Resolved, That this expression of our sorrow, as well as of our 
sympathy with the bereaved families, be spread on the minutes, 
and the Corresponding Secretary instructed to send a copy of 
the same to each of the respective families of the deceased." 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident members — Robert H. Laning, Towanda; Rev. N. 
G. Parke, D. D. , Dr. A. C. Shoemaker, O. M. Brandow, Lan- 
ing Harvey, Hon. John Lynch, Dr. O. F. Harvey, E. H. Chase, 
A. D. Smith, Lord Butler Hillard, Miss Mary Harvey, Miss 
Elizabeth M. Sharpe, Miss Sallie Sharpe. 

Honorary members — Rt. Rev. J. M. Levering, D. D., Presi- 
dent Moravian Historical Society. 



XVI PROCEEDINGS. 

Corresponding member — Granville Henry, of Bethlehem, Pa. 

A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. R. D. Lacoe for his 
generous donation of three large cases of drawers for the Pale- 
ontological collection, and for his kindness in arranging the col- 
lection in the cases. 

The annual address was then delivered by the president, Hon. 
Stanley Woodward, on "The Pennamite and Yankee in the 
Wyoming Valley." See page 95. 

On motion, the thanks of the Society, for his address, was 
extended to the president, and the address referred to the Pub- 
lication Committee. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden, Chief Justice Charles E. 
Rice was unanimously elected to deliver the next annual address, 
February 11, 1897. 

Stated Meeting, April 10, 1896. 

Vice President, Henry L. Jones, S. T. D., in the chair. 

The President introduced Mr. John W. Jordan, Assistant 
Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, who read an orig- 
inal and very interesting paper on the "Military Hospital at 
Bethlehem during the Revolutionary War." 

A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. Jordan for his admira- 
ble address, which was also referred to the Publication Committee. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident — John Laning, W. D. White, William Stoddart, 
Walter S. Carpenter, George S. Ferris, Mrs. Alice McClintock 
Darling, Mrs. Esther Shoemaker Norris. 



Quarterly Meeting, May 8, 1896. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Jones in the chair. Rev. Mr. Hay- 
den was elected Secretary pro tem. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

Contributions to the Society received formal acknowledgment. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden reported to the Society the gift by 
Mrs. A. J. Griffith and family, of Pittston, of a very extensive 
and valuable collection of Indian relics gathered from Pittston 
and vicinity by the late A. J. Griffith. This collection numbers 
several thousand specimens. 

A vote of thanks was unanimously extended to Mrs. Griffith 
and family for this rare addition to the Cabinet of the Society. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident — John D. Farnham, Edward E. Hoyt, E. Constine, 



PROCEEDINGS. XvH 

Alexander B. Coxe, Sterling Ross Catlin, J. H. W. Hawkins, 
William Loveland, Mrs. Mary J. Foster, Mrs. G. W. Guthrie. 

Honorary member — Mrs. A. J. Griffith, Pittston. 

Corresponding members — Jacob K. Griffith, Latrobe, Pa.; 
William Griffith, Pittston, Pa. 



Stated Meeting, June 16, 1896. 

Held in St. Stephen's Parish building. 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward in the chair. Rev. Mr. 
Hayden acting as Secretary. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Mrs. Ella Reets Parrish, Mrs. Minnie Strauss Galland, Ralph 
H. Wadhams, George W. Leach, Sr., Edward S. Morgan, Hon. 
William J. Scott, Theodore S. Welles, Herbert Conyngham, C. 
D. S. Harrower. 

The Rev. Mr .Hayden then announced that the president of 
the Society had kindly accorded to the Wyoming members of 
the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution the 
privilege of awarding at this meeting the prizes offered to the 
pupils of the public schools of this county, by the Sons of the 
Revolution, for the two best essays on the subject of "Pennsyl- 
vania in the Revolution." These prizes, awarded by the com- 
mittee, Messrs. John W. Jordan, William H. Egle and Dr. F. 
C. Johnson, members of the Wyoming Historical Society, were 
then presented by Rev. Mr. Hayden, as a member of Board of 
Managers of the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution, as 
follows: To Earl T. Chamberlain, of Kingston, first prize, ten 
dollars in gold ; to Claude B. Raife, of Wilkes-Barre, second 
prize, the bronze medal of the Sons of the Revolution. 

After this digression, the President introduced Hon. J. B. 
Austin, of Hackensack, N. J., who delivered an address, with 
stereopticon views, on "the Orinoco and the El Dorado." 

On motion of the Secretary a vote of thanks was offered to 
Mr. Austin for his instructive lecture, and to the Rector of St. 
Stephen's Church for the use of the Parish building. 



Quarterly Meeting, October 9, 1896. 

President, Hon. Stanley W r oodward, in the chair. 
_ The Corresponding Secretary reported additions to the library 
since the annual meeting : Books, 253; pamphelts, 171; pictures, 
80; newspapers, 70 bound volumes of the New York World, 



XV111 PROCEEDINGS. 

New York Tribune and others. A special vote of thanks was 
extended to the donors, especially to Mr. D. Dimock Searle for 
the 70 volumes of newspapers. 

The following persons were unanimously elected to Resident 
membership : Hon. Jacob Roberts, Jr., Dorrance Reynolds. 

The Rev. Nathan Grier Parke, D. D., of West Pittston, was 
then introduced, and read a very interesting paper on "The 
Bell of the Old Ship Zion." See page in. 

A vote of thanks was extended to Dr. Parke, and his address 
was referred to the Publication Committee. 



Stated Meeting, November 13, 1896. 

Vice President, Col. G. Murray Reynolds, in the chair. 

The following persons were unanimously elected to member- 
ship : Mrs. A. F. Derr, Mrs. Isaac P. Hand, Miss Anna M. 
Hunt, Dr. Charles A. Miner, Felix Ansart, F. M. Chase, Byron 
G. Hahn, R. P. Robinson, F. M. Nichols, E. U. Buckman. 

Dr. Fredrick Corss was then introduced, who read a paper on 
"The Mound Drifts of the Susquehanna Valley." 

The thanks of the Society was extended to the speaker, and 
the paper was referred to the Publication Committee. 



Quarterly Meeting, December n, 1896. 

Vice President, Col. G. Murray Reynolds, in the chair. 

The following persons were unanimously elected to Resident 
membership : Miss Ella M. Bowman, Miss Marie E. Lape, Dr. 
W. F. Roth, Wilson J. Smith, Col. Samuel H. Sturdevant. 

The Rev. Sanford H. Cobb, of Albany, N. Y., the speaker 
of the evening, then delivered an extremely interesting paper 
on "The Palatines, or the German Imigration to New York and 
Pennsylvania. ' ' 

A vote of thanks was extended to Dr. Cobb, and the paper 
was referred to the Publication Committee. 



Annual Meeting, February 12, 1897. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. Henry L. Jones, in the chair. 
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hayden the minutes were read 
and approved. 



PROCEEDINGS. x'lX 

The election of officers being in order the following persons 
were nominated and elected for the ensuing year : 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. H. L. Jones, S. T. D., Capt. Calvin 
Parsons, Col. G. Murray Reynolds, Rev. F. B. Hodge, D. D. 

Trustees, Edward Welles, A. F. Derr, S. L. Brown, Hon. 
Charles A. Miner, Richard Sharpe. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Recording Secretary, Sidney Roby Miner. 

Treasurer, Dr. F. C. Johnson. 

Librarian, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Curators — Mineralogy, William Reynolds Ricketts. 
Archaeology, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Historiographer, Wesley E. Woodruff. 

Meteorology, Rev. F. B. Hodge, D. D. 

The Corresponding Secretary presented the report for the past 
year which was read and referred to the Publication Commmittee. 

The Treasurer read his report which was similarly referred. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident — Mrs. John N. Conyngham, Mrs. Sallie P. Sharpe, 
Miss Mary A. Sharpe, Miss Ellen' U. Sturdevant, Roland S.' 
Chamberlain, J. Ford Dorrance, William H. Taylor. Abram G. 
Nesbitt, James M. Coughlin, H. C. Shepherd, A. H.' Van Horn 
Wesley E. Woodruff. 

Corresponding members — Rev. Sanford H. Cobb, Albany, N. 
Y. ; Lt. H. M. M. Richards, Secretary Pennsylvania German 
Society; Philip A. Bruce, Corresponding Secretary Virginia 
Historical Society, Va. ; Col. JohnF. Meginness, Williamsport, Pa. 

The following members having paid the usual fee of £100, 
were all transferred to the Life membership : Mrs. Sarah W. 
Guthrie, Miss Sallie P. Sharpe, Miss Elizabeth Sharpe, Miss 
Mary A. Sharpe, Miss Amelia B. Hollenback, Dorrance Rey- 
nolds, William Penn Ryman, Lewis H. Taylor, M. D., Abram 
G. Nesbitt, George Riddle Wright. 

Dr. F. C. Johnson offered the following amendment to the 
By-Law which was referred to the next Quarterly meeting : 
Resolved, That Article No. 6 shall be so amended that the 

Kn SeCti ° n Sha11 r6ad thuS ' " The fiscal y earof thi s Society 
shall begin January ist. Resident members shall pay the sum 
of £5.00 a year, excepting that persons elected during the last 
three months of the year shall be exempt from dues." 



XX PROCEEDINGS. 

Contributions to the Society were formerly acknowledged. 

A vote of thanks was offered to the family for the portrait of 
Mr. Charles Morgan ; to Mr. Edward Welles for the portrait of 
George M. Hollenback ; to the Ingham family for that of Dr. 
Charles F. Ingham ; to the Spring Brook Water Supply Co., for 
those of Isaac S. Osterhout, Col. H. B. Wright, and B. G. 
Carpenter ; to Miss Anna Dorrance for that of Col. Charles 
Dorrance ; to the Sharpe family for the portrait of Richard 
Sharpe, Sr. , and to Miss Mary A. Sharpe for a framed en- 
graving entitled "The Death of Montgomery." 

Hon. Charles E. Rice, Chief Justice, who had been elected 
to deliver the address at this annual meeting was prevented being 
present by the session of his Court. Mrs. C. E. Rice very kindly 
consented to read a paper before the Society in his place. Owing 
to the serious illness of her son she also was unable to be present, 
but a very interesting paper on "John Witherspoon, Signer of 
the Declaration of Independence," which she had prepared for 
the Society, was read by Mrs. G. Murray Reynolds. The Society 
extended a vote of thanks to Mrs. Rice, with the request that 
she permit the Society to publish the paper. Dr. William H. 
Egle, State Librarian, was elected to deliver the address at the 
next annual meeting. 



Special Meeting, April 19, 1897. 

(ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON.) 

By order of the President a meeting of the Society was held 
this evening at 7.30 in place of the meeting of the 23d, in order 
to celebrate the battle of Lexington. The Sons of the Revo- 
lution, the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the 
Colonial Dames of America were the invited guests of the 
Historical Society. Present, 80 members and others. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident — Christian H. Scharar, John Sturdevant, A. R. Root, 
Miss C. R. Troxell. 

Corresponding members — Capt. Henry Hobart Bellas, U. S. 
A., Philadelphia. 

The President then introduced the guest of the occasion, Capt. 
H. H. Bellas, U. S. A., who read a paper on the "Defenses 
of the Delaware River during the Revolutionary War." 

A vote of thanks was extended to the speaker and the paper 
was referred to the Publication Committee. 



r 



PROCEEDINGS. XXi 

Quarterly Meeting, May 21, 1897. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 
Rev. Mr. Hayden was made Secretary pro tem, and the 
minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. 

A vote of thanks was extended to Mrs. George Cotton Smith 
for the portrait of Mr. A. C. Laning ; to Mr. Charles P. Hunt 
for that of Mr. Charles Parrish ; to Andrew Hunlock for that 
Of Calvin Wadhams, a former President of this Society, and to 
his family for that of Gov. H. M. Hoyt, all of which had been 
presented to the Society. 

The following persons were unanimously elected to Resident 
membership : Miss Sarah B. Thomas, John E. Sayre, Johnson 
R. Coolbaugh, John P. L. Sahm. Miss Sarah B. Thomas was 
transferred to the Life membership list. 

The amendment to Article 6 of the By-Laws, proposed at the 
last annual meeting, was adopted. 

Lieutenant H. M. M.Richards, of Reading, Pa., who was associ- 
ated with the late Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., in the Frontier Fort 
Commission, then delivered an address on the Pennsylvania Ger- 
man, entitled "The German Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf." 
A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. Richards and the paper 
was referred to the Publication Committee. 

Rev. Mr. Hayden read in part, and referred to the same 
committee, a paper entitled "Capt. Joseph Davis and Lieut. 
William Jones, slain at Laurel Run by Indians in 1779." To 
be published with the paper of Mrs. John C. Phelps on the 
same subject, under the seal of this Society. 

The Corresponding Secretary called attention to the fact that 
June 24th will be the 400th Anniversary of the discovery of 
America by John and Sebastian Cabot. After remarks by Dr. 
Marry Hakes pertinent to the subject it was moved by Judge 
Woodward and voted that this Society shall celebrate the oc- 
casion, and Dr. Hakes was invited to deliver the address. 

On motion, Dr. F. C. Johnson, S. A. Miner and Rev. Mr. 
Hayden were appointed to make suitable arrangements. 



Special Meeting, June 24, 1897. 

Called to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of 
America by the Cabots. President, Woodward, in the chair. 
Dr. Harry Hakes was introduced by the President, and read 



XX11 PROCEEDINGS. 

an elaborate paper entitled "John and Sebastian Cabot, a 
400th Anniversary Memorial of the Discovery of America." 

A vote of thanks to the speaker for his admirable address was 
unanimously passed, and the paper was referred to the Publi- 
cation Committee. 



Quarterly Meeting, October 8, 1897. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

The minutes of the last two meetings were read and approved. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Resident — Dr. S. W. Trimmer, Eugene B. Jenkins, A. D. 
Deane, S. Alexander Hodge, Miss Josephine Hillard. 

Honorary member — Thomas L. Drown, LL. D., President 
Lehigh University. 

Corresponding members — F. G. Adams, Cor. Sec. Kansas 
Historical Society ; Frank Halsey, New York; Professor William 
Frear, State College, Pa. 

Dr. Fredrick Corss, of Kingston, read a very instructive paper 
on "Fossils in the River Drift at Pittston." 

A vote of thanks was extended for the paper which was re- 
ferred to the Publication Committee. 

A. H. McClintock, Esq., from the committee on Memorial 
of Sheldon Reynolds, read a paper entitled "The Work of the 
late Sheldon Reynolds in this Society." 

A rising vote of thanks was passed, and the paper referred to 
the Publication Committee. See pages 12-19. 

The Corresponding Secretary was instructed to convey to the 
President the sympathy of the Society during his tedious illness, 
with the sincere wish for his speedy recovery. 



Quarterly Meeting, December 10, 1897. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

The Minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. 

The following persons were elected to membership : 

Lawrence Myers, Mrs. Mary Margaret Yeager, Dr. Maris 
Gibson. Mr. Lawrence Myers and Mrs. Mary M. Yeager were 
also elected Life Members. 

Dr. F. C. Johnson read a description of the ice flood of 1 784, 
written for a Philadelphia paper at the time by the Rev. Jacob 
Johnson, M. A. This article was brought to light by O. J. 



PROCEEDINGS. XX111 

Harvey, Esq., in the course of his researches for his forthcom- 
ing "History of Wilkes-Barre," in which it will appear. 

A vote of thanks was passed both to Mr. Harvey and to Dr. 
Johnson, for the privilege of hearing the description. 

Mr. W. S. McLean then read for the Historiographer, Mr. 
\V. E. Woodruff, Esq., absent from home, biographical sketches 
of the late Charles Parrish and Miss Emily I. Alexander, mem- 
bers. A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. McLean, and the 
sketches were referred to the Publication Committee. They 
appear on pages 157-162. 

The Secretary reported the receipt of a portrait of Payne 
Pettebone, Esq., late a President of the Society, presented by 
Mrs. Pettebone. The Corresponding Secretary was requested 
to return the thanks of the Society for the gift. 



Stated Meeting, January 14, 1898. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, presiding. 

The Rev. David Craft, D. D. , of Lawrenceville, Pa. , was in- 
troduced and read an extended paper, entitled "The French at 
Asylum, Pennsylvania." 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hayden, the thanks of the Society 
were extended to Dr. Craft, and the paper was referred to the 
Publication Committee. 



Annual Meeting, February 11, 1898. 

Vice President, Rev. Dr. H. L. Jones, in the chair. 

After prayer by Rev. Dr. H. H. Welles, the minutes of the 
last two meetings were read and approved. 

The election of officers being in order the following persons 
were nominated and elected for the ensuing year : 

President, Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. H. L. Jones, S. T. D., Capt. Calvin 
Parsons, Col. G. Murray Reynolds, Rev. F. B. Hodge, D. D. 

Trustees, Edward Welles, A. F. Derr, S. L. Brown, Hon. 
Charles A. Miner, Richard Shaq^e. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Recording Secretary, Sidney Roby Miner. 

Treasurer, Dr. F. C. Johnson. 

Librarian, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 

Assistant Librarian, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 



XXIV PROCEEDINGS. 

Curators — Mineralogy, William Reynolds Ricketts. 
Archaeology, Hon. J. Ridgway Wright. 
Paleontology, Ralph D. Lacoe. 
Numismatics, Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Historiographer, Wesley E. Woodruff. 

Meteorology, Rev. F. B. Hodge, D. D. 

The Corresponding Secretary read his report for the past year. 
It was received with a vote of thanks and referred to the Publi- 
cation Committee. See page xxxvii. 

The Treasurer also read his annual report which was likewise 
referred. See page xxxvii. 

The Chairman then introduced the speaker of the evening, 
Ethelbert D. Warfield, LL. D., President of Lafayette College, 
who delivered the annual address on "The Battle of King's 
Mountain, rySo. " 

A vote of thanks was extended to Dr. Warfield, and the ad- 
dress was referred to the Publication Committee. 

The donations to the Library and Cabinet during the past 
year were duly acknowledged. 



REPORTS. XX/ 



Report of the Corresponding Secretary for 1893. 



To the President and Officers of the Wyoming Historical and Geological 

Society : 
During the year ending February II, 1894, there have been added to the 
Library by donation : 
From individuals, 25 volumes, 66 pamphlets. 

From various departments of the United States Government, 9S volumes, 58 
pamphlets, 5 atlasses. 

From Pennsylvania State Library, 35 volumes, 6 pamphlets. 
From Corresponding Societies, 24 volumes, 99 pamphlets. 
By purchase, 7 volumes. 

Making a total of 189 volumes, 229 pamphlets, 5 atlasses. 
Yearly files of the following publications have also been presented by their re- 
spective publishers : 
Bulletin of the American Geographical Society, Bulletin of the Tennessee 
State Board of Health, Naturalists Leisure Hour, Official Gazette United States 
I'atent Office, Wilkes-Barre Record, Evening Leader, Wilkes-Barre Telephone, 
Samstag Abend, Democratic Wachter, Luzerne County Express. 

The Pennsylvania Magazine, and the American Antiquarian and Oriental 
"Journal, and the Catalogue of United States Government Publications have 
been added by purchase. 

The Muster Roll of the Wyoming Artillerists, Mexican War, was presented 
by Mr. Arnold Rohn Lewis, of Allentown, and the Estate of Hon. H. M. Hoyt, 
deceased, has presented, in addition to several volumes of historical works, a 
steel engraving of the Battle of Gettysburg. 

To the cabinets have been added about fifty specimens of minerals, and eight 
specimens to the other departments. 

Since November 22, 1893, the rooms have been open to the public twenty- 
three afternoons and eleven evenings with an attendance of 693. 
Respectfully submitted, 

SHELDON REYNOLDS, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



Report of the Treasurer for the Year 1893. 



RECEIPTS. 

By Balance on hand, February II, 1S93, $ 279 92 

" Dues received from Members, $ 610 00 

" Balance due on Sale of Lot, 4,500 00 

" Interest on same, 1 21 90 

" Interest on Investments, 262 50 

Total receipts for the year, $5,494 40 

Total Debit, $5,774 32 



XXVI REPORTS. 

EXPENDITURES. 

To Bond of Electric Light Co. and Interest, $4,556 25 

" Furniture, Book-cases, Fixtures, &c, 289 22 

" Printing, Stationery and Postage, 75 65 

" Books and Binding, . 9 1 47 

" Salaries, 254 10 

" Supplies, Cleaning and Moving, &c, 228 24 

" Carpets, 126 95 

$5,621 88 

Balance on hand, February 10, 1894, 15 2 44 



55.774 32 



ANDREW H. McCLINTOCK, 

Treasurer. 



Report of the Corresponding Secretary for 1894. 



To the President and Officers of the Wyoming Historical and Geological 

Society : 

Gentlemen — In making this, my first report as Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the Society, a word of explanation is necessary to avoid the appearance 
of interfering with the work of other officers of the Society. Soon after my 
election to the office of Corresponding Secretary, the President and Librarian 
solicited my services in the work of selecting, arranging and adding books to 
the Library, eliminating from the library works not of immediate value to the 
Society, etc., etc. Hence my work during the past year has been largely in 
assisting the Librarian to make the Library of practical use. In this the Presi- 
dent and the Librarian have been very helpful and considerate. My report 
however must to some extent supplement that of the Librarian. During the 
year I have written 1S0 letters, many of which have brought valuable gifts to 
the Library. Among these are The Life of John Pickering, Esq., The Life of 
Hon. John Banister Gibson, The Hartford Land Books, 100 pamphlets from 
Yale College, nearly fifty from the University of North Carolina, the com- 
pleted set of the Essex Institute Quarterly, The Diplomatic Correspondence of 
the Revolution from Hon. Matthew Quay, etc. 

One letter addressed to the Connecticut Historical Society refers to the 
Susquehanna manuscripts in the possession of that Society, which should be ex- 
amined by some competent person from the Wyoming Historical and Geologi- 
cal Society with a view to procuring copies of such as are not already in the 
possession of this Society. This privilege the Connecticut Historical Society is 
willing to accord. Another letter was addressed to the Secretary of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society in reference to the Index of the manuscripts 
of Hon. Timothy Pickering, owned by that Society, which Index is now in press 
and will issue during this year. 

In eliminating from the Library such works as were in duplicate and of no 
real use to the Society because not pertinent to its work, the privilege which is 
ours as a Public Depository has been utilized, and with the consent of the 
Government we have sent to Washington ten sacks of duplicate Government 
publications (363 volumes) which stand to our credit there. We have received 



REPORTS. XXV11 

already a valuable return for filling out our incomplete sets of Government 
Kxiks that belong exclusively to the Society and do not form any part of the 
Public Depository books. These Depository books, which are simply deposited 
with us, as with many other Libraries and Societies, are subject to recall by the 
(Government in case of necessity. This need may never arise, but if it does the 
Government is at liberty to draw from us or any other Depository such of the 
Tolumes as may be needed to fill Government Libraries. These Depository 
bodes number over 2,000 volumes. The Osterhout trustees have kindly given 
them shelf room in the tower of the Library where I have arranged them 
avstematically so as to be of immediate use if called for by any one. Unfortu- 
nately so far, they are a sealed treasure to every one here but the Correspond- 
ing Secretary of this Society, but it is hoped that they can in time be made avail- 
able to every one with ease. They contain every page published by the United 
States since 1859, including Geological Surveys and all other scientific works 
issued by the Departments, Indian History, Diplomatic Correspondence, 
I'atcnt Office Reports, Papers of the Smithsonian Institute, American Historical 
Association, and a vast treasure of historical matter relating to this country 
without which ihe history of our land cannot be accurately written. They also 
contain what is doubtless unkown to many, the valuable History of Wilkes- 
Barre, written for the tenth census, by our late President Sheldon Reynolds, 
Ksq., of which he was too modest to speak, but which it may be well for this 
Society to re-print in her proceedings. These volumes increase at the rate of 
200 and more annually. 

There have been added to the Society during the past year about 1 ,000 
looks and nearly as many pamphlets. All of this accretion has not been added 
to the Library proper. We have added to the Library proper, 750 titles or 
k>oks; that is 270 bound volumes, and 4S0 pamphlets, twenty of which were 
by purchase. In addition to these the estate of Hon. L. D. Shoemaker, has 
^iven us over 500 volumes, the greater part of which will go on our shelves or 
in the exchange department. Dr. Hakes has also given us 100 volumes of his 
Columbus for our exchanges. We have obtained by gift over 200 volumes of 
the last State Geological Survey. From Miss James, 85 volumes, Hon. C. A. 
Miner, 23, Rev. J. B. Sweet, 53, Hon. W. H. Hines, 12, J. K. P. Fenner, 12, 
other sources 17. These have enabled us to make our own two sets complete 
and six sets in duplicate for exchange, leaving us over 200 odd volumes. As 
these sets are worth over $50 per set, numbering over 100 volumes in a set, 
they are a valuable addition to our exchange list. The Librarian should be 
authorized to make these sets complete by purchase of the few lacking volumes. 
As soon as it is possible, with the limited time at our disposal, the duplicate 
volumes in our exchange department will be utilized and thus largely add to 
oar working Library. 

With the approval of the Publication Committee I have placed in the 
hands of the printer a series of valuable papers, bearing on the still incomplete 
history of the Massacre of Wyoming, that have been known to few persons in 
the valley at this time, although published by the United States Government 
'>ver a half a century ago in the rare and forgotten public documents not one of 
v. hich is in this or the Osterhout Library. This publication includes the various 
petitions of the Wyoming survivors of the Massacre to Congress for relief and 
compensation for the losses by the War, with their affidavits of what they saw 
at the massacre. This will be preceded by a brief history of the event with 
li'uch new data, including an original document of the Massacre from Col. John 
Sutler, and his Indian ally. This publication will be ready for distribution 
next month. 

I would like to call attention to the fact that we have endeavored during 



XXV111 REPORTS. 

the past year to make as full as possible our literature of Yale College and the 
colleges of Lafayette, Lehigh and Princeton, from which institutions most of 
our college graduates have received their degrees. The literature also of Trinity, 
Columbia, Amherst and other colleges, North Carolina, Michigan, Indiana 
and other State Universities has not been neglected. It would be well if every 
alumnus of our various colleges would send to the Society such publications of 
their Alma Mater as they may have. College literature forms a "very important 
part of our biographical history and its value must not be overlooked in an 
Historical Society Library. 

HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



Report of the Treasurer for the Year 1894. 



RECEIPTS. 

By Balance, February II, 1894, $ 1 57 44 

" Dues and Arrears, g 380 00 

" Life Membership Fees, 300 00 

" Electric Light Co. Bonds, paid off, 4,500 00 

" Interest on Investments, 375 00 

$5,555 00 
Total Receipts, $5,712 44 

EXPENDITURES. 

To Plymouth Bridge Co. Bonds, $4,500 00 

" Savings Account, Life Memberships, 300 00 

" Books and Magazines, 101 67 

" Binding, 2 5 7 g 

" Printing and Stationery, &c, 26 89 

" Furniture, 64 80 

" Salaries, 263 10 

" Postage and Express, 38 99 

" Taxes on Washington Street Lot, 20 04 

.balance Lash on hand, -?7i 17 

$5,712 44 
RESOURCES. 

Cash in Savings Bank, j egc go 

Five Plymouth Bridge Co. Bonds, 4,500 00 

Six Water Co. Bonds, 3( ooo 00 

$8,085 99 

ANDREW H. McCLINTOCK, 

Treasurer. 



REPORTS. XXIX 

Report for the Librarian for 1894. 

Bound Volumes — By purchase, 17; by donation from correspondents, 63; 
by donation from United States Government, 75; by donation from other sources, 
136. Total, 291. 

Pamphlets — By purchase, I ; donated by correspondents, 333; donated by 
other sources, 122. .Total, 456. 

Yearly Files Donated — Wilkes-Barre Record, bound ; Leader, bound ; 
News Dealer, unbound; Telephone, unbound; Samstag Abend, unbound; 
Democratic Wachter, unbound. 

Official Gazette United States Patent Office. 

Bulletin American Geographical Society, purchased. 

Historical Journal. 

American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal. 

Williams and Mary College Quarterly. 

Pennsylvania Magazine. 

Monthly Catalogue of Government Publications. 

This list does not include duplicates, etc., mentioned in Mr. Hayden's report. 

I desire to publicly thank Mr. Hayden for the very great assistance he has 
been to me in rearranging the Library and in weeding out the duplicates and 
irrelevant matter. J. RIDGWAY WRIGHT, 

Librarian. 

Report of the Treasurer for the Year 1895. 

PECEIPTS. 

By Balance, February 11, 1S95, $ 371 17 

" Dues of Members, $ 455 00 

" Life Membership Fees, 400 00 

" Interest on Investments, 400 00 

|i,255 00 

EXPENDITURES. $I,6 2 6~I7 

To Insurance, £ 112 50 

" Binding, 38 25 

" Printing, Publications, &c, 1 53 80 

" Flowers and Draping rooms for Mr. Reynolds, ... 57 07 

" Postage and Express, 43 23 

*' Salaries 335 15 

" Books, Magazines, &c, 86 04 

" Furniture and Supplies, 1 19 10 

" Numismatic Collection, 20 00 

" Deposit in Savings Account, Life Members, .... 400 00 

n v v j ~" $I > 36 $ I4 

Cash on hand, 261 03 

RESOURCES. $1,626 17 

Balance Savings Account, February II, 1895, $1,008 93 

Six Water Co. Bonds 3,018 75 

Five Plymouth Bridge Bonds 4,500 00 

$8,527 68 
ANDREW H. McCLINTOCK, 

Treasurer. 



XXX REPORTS. 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary for 1895. 



To the President and Officers of the Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society : 

Mr. President: — I beg herewith to present my report as Corresponding 
Secretary for the past year. When we entered upon this year in the history 
of the Society it was with many misgivings, and under the shadow of the great 
sorrow that had befallen us in the death of your predecessor, President Rey- 
nolds. This Society has been for years so largely dependent on two or three 
members, who were able to devote to its interests not only love for the work, 
and intelligent zeal, but time and study, that when such losses befell us as 
the death of Dr. Wright, Dr. Ingham and Sheldon Reynolds we hardly knew 
where to turn for some one to fill their places. This very need has doubtless 
been beneficial in making more general the interest of the members in the wel- 
fare of the Society, and has excited personal action which might not otherwise 
have been aroused. So that with the most valued services of our deceased offi- 
cers before us, conscious of the difficulty of filling their places, and appreciating 
the importance of the legacy which they have left to us in their admirable work 
in building up the Society, the past year has been made more than usually pros- 
perous in many ways. There has been a decided effort to perfect, so far as 
possible, and on lines which the efficient officers referred to had laid down, the 
purposes of this organization. This has been shown in the large additions to 
the membership, the library and the cabinets. Since the last annual meeting 
the membership of the Society has been doubled by the election of 1 1 7 resident 
members and 16 honorary and corresponding members. And in addition to 
the usual quarterly meetings there have been held two very successful social 
meetings, at which interesting papers have been read by members of the So- 
ciety. As Corresponding Secretary I have issued over 1400 pieces of mail. 
This includes over 300 official letters, fully 50 unofficial letters, 650 notices 
of meetings issued for the Secretary during his absence from sickness, and 390 
acknowledgments of donations, &c, including 200 copies of the Society's pub- 
lications sent to members and societies. I have received 171 official commu- 
nications. 

Among the donations there is one that deserves the especial notice and the 
formal thanks of the Society, 1. e., the three large cabinets of drawers gener- 
ously given by Mr. Lacoe, the Curator of Paleontolgy, and by him put in place 
in the basement, and personally filled, by careful selection, with the most val- 
uable portion of our large collection of coal flora. So that we are now able to 
keep these treasures in closed drawers, secure from atmospheric injury and 
dust, easily displayed to the student, and are also provided thus with greatly 
needed space for our growing library. We have also been singularly fortunate in 
having had presented to us five accurate and finely executed portraits of deceased 
officers and benefactors, i. e., from Mrs. Judge Woodward we have received a 
crayon portrait of our President, Judge Woodward, one of the four founders of 
the Society in 1S5S ; from Mrs. Sheldon Reynolds a crayon portrait of our last 
and lamented President; from Mr. W. L. Conyngham and Mrs. Charles Parrish 
crayon portraits of Judge John N. Conyngham, once a President of the Society, 
and his son Col. John Butler Conyngham, one of the four founders of the So- 
ciety. Through the generosity of Hon. Charles A. Miner we have also a fine 
crayon portrait of our first liberal benefactor, Gen. William Sterling Ross, who 
gave $2,000 for the nucleus of our valuable cabinet and our numisrmtic collec- 
tion. The walls of the Society now hold portraits or photographs of every de- 



REPORTS. XXXI 

ceased President of the Society since its foundation, except that of Dr. Dennis, 
which we still hope some one will kindly present to us soon. 

During the year we have had the pleasure of listening to valuable historical 
papers read before the Society by Capt. J. M. liuckalew, Dr. F. C. Johnson, 
1 >r. Wm. H. Egle, and have in store for this evening another paper from our 
President, whose scholarly addresses have ever been the delight and admiration 
of our people. During the coming year we have secured promises of historical 

[tapers from several gentlemen, among them one to be read on the loth of April 
>y Mr. John W. Jordan, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and one on 
the "Old Mills of Wyoming Valley," by Hon. Charles A. Miner at a later date. 
We have issued during the past year one publication, i. e. t the "Massacre of 
Wyoming," with introduction by the Corresponding Secretary, and are in daily 
expectation of receiving, from the State, copies of the valuable papers on the 
"lrootier Forts" of Wyoming and Sunbury sections of the State, prepared and 
read before the Society by the late Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., and by Capt. J. M. 
Buckalew, both members of the State Commission appointed to locate and re- 
port the history of all the Frontier Forts of the old Colony of Pennsylvania. 
These two reports have been printed by the State as part of the Archives, and 
this Society is to receive 400 copies of each to be issued under our seal as Pub- 
lications of the Society, and *o be distributed to the members without charge. 

One great difficulty in the way of the advancement of this Society lias been 
inability to publish its treasures, owing to lack of funds to meet the expense. So 
that some members have paid their dues annually for ten years without receiv- 
ing any "quid pro quo." It is not to be expected that persons will be glad to pay 
annually the sum of five dollars merely for membership in an association the 
results of whose work they rarely see. And as was stated, years ago, by the 
late Dr. Harrison Wright, not only is an Historical Society known by its pub- 
lications, but these are necessary to stimulate interest in the work of the Society 
on the part of its members. Where no such publications are issued the Society 
has no public existence ; takes no standing among the similar organizations of 
the land ; commands no respect, and receive no courtesies. This need we 
have endeavored to meet during the past year by increase of membership, and 
by more frequent meetings. It has always been a difficult matter for the Cor- 
responding Secretary to understand why what//^ can do by personal effort, can- 
not be done equally as well by any other. During the past nine months he 
has presented to the Society 112 applications for membership, careful in his se- 
lection as to the material. This has been done without more than ordinary effort 
on his part, simply a request to any person of his acquaintance whom he might 
meet, and whom he deemed worthy of such a membership. It many cases the 
person asked has stated that he has always desired to become a member but 
did not know that he would be eligible. Now, suppose that each member of 
the Society, with barely the same exertion, should ask some one person of his 
or her acquaintance whom they might know to be worthy to become a member 
of this Society, how quickly would the membership be doubled, and thus the 
revenues of the Society increased. 

'1 he Trustees two years ago wisely gave permission to the three patriotic 
societies in this section — the "Colonial Dames," the "Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution," and the "Sons of the Revolulution" — to hold their respective 
meetings in the rooms of this Society, under certain limitations. Of this per- 
mission the "Daughters" and the "Sons" have availed themselves, with the 
result that historic inquiry has been greatly quickened, many valuable historical 
papers have been read before these societies, and many of their members have 
become members of the Historical Society. These organizations have stimu- 
lated not only historical study, but that study which is" the real and only true 



XXX11 REPORTS. 

basis of all historical research — -genealogy. The first questions for the student 
of history to ask is, "who am I?" "what am I doing here?" "whence came 
I ?" and from these queries, going back through the history of his family to the 
history of his section, learn the history of his country. This line of work requires 
suitable books, books of local and family history, then biography, then State 
history, then United States history; and to meet this need we should have our 
library full of the history of the New England States, whence almost every 
member of this Society came originally. Several liberal members have remem- 
bered to buy such works and present them to the Society. It is with this need 
in view that so energetic an effort has been made to increase our membership, 
and thus to increase our revenue. To this end also, and yet with the higher 
purpose of commemorating the most valued services of our most versatile and 
efficient member, at whose feet the rest of us have been willing to sit and learn, 
Dr. Harrison Wright, whose name must forever be closely associated with our 
work, an effort has been made to secure a fund to be called "The Harrison 
Wright Fund," for permanent investment. The Corresponding Secretary is 
rejoiced to be able to report that subscriptions have been received amounting 
to over $600, and nearly S500 of this amount has been deposited in bank. As 
the subscriptions have been limited to the relatives and immediate friends of 
Dr. Wright, it is expected to increase the amount to $1,000 by the addition of 
such funds as are received from the sale of our publications. It is the intention 
to create a similar fund, in time, to commemorate our late valued President, 
Sheldon Reynolds, whose untiring devotion to the Society is matter of history. 

The Trustees in June last elected the Corresponding Secretary to take gen- 
eral charge of the rooms and to open them to the public, as had been done 
previously, eight hours during the week. The addition of pictures to the ex- 
hibition of the Society has largely increased the public attendance, so that the 
average attendance during the year ending to-day has been 32. During the 
past six months the Corresponding Secretary has also attended to all the duties 
of the Assistant Librarian in cataloguing and locating the large number of books 
received. He has also filled out and distributed 200 certificates of membership 
which had never before been issued. These small matters attract attention and 
please and give additional interest to membership in the Society, and many 
members have had their certificates neatly framed and hung in their homes, 
thus showing their personal pride in their connexion with the Society. 

There are several members of the Historical Society who have annually 
paid five dollars dues since 1S58, amounting thus to $iS5 for every such 
member. There are row some members who will doubtless pay dues annually 
for the same term of years, when the payment of $100 at one time will make 
them Life members, and release them from all annual dues, with the same 
privilege of receiving the annual publication of the Society. If by this means 
the invested fund of the Society could be increased to $15,000, requiring only 
50 more life members, we would be assured of an income of nearly $1,000 
annually from the permanent fund. And if members who, in looking to the 
future, make their wills, will only remember this Society in its true character as 
a very important factor in the education of the people, and will make it one of 
their legatees, as has been done in the case of other societies of this kind, future 
generations would undoubtedly rise up and call them blessed. 

HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



REPROTS. XXX111 

Report of the Treasurer for the Year 1896. 



RECEIPTS. 

By Balance* February II, 1896 $ 261 03 

•• Life Member Fee, $ 100 00 

« Membership Dues, 1.355 °° 

" Interest ou Investments, 400 00 * 

$1,855 00 

$2,116 03 
EXPENDITURES. 

To Insurance, $ 112 50 

" Salaries, 605 70 

" Books, Magazines, Sec. 200 00 

" Postage and Incidentals, 97 7° 

" Addresses 75 00 

" Binding, 23 80 

" Publications, 114 00 

" Furniture, Shelving, &c, 202 93 

" Music 25 00 

" Supplies, Repairs, &c. , 35 26 

" Savings Bank Account, 145 82 

" Balance on hand, 478 32 

$2,116 03 

RESOURCES. 

Six Bonds Wilkes-Barre Water Co., $ 3,000 00 

Five " Plymouth Bridge Co., 5,000 00 

Two " Spring Brook Water Co., 2,000 00 

$10,000 00 

F. C. JOHNSON, 

Treasurer. 



Report of the Corresponding Secretary for 1896. 



To the President and Officers of the Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society : 

Mr. President : — In accordance with the custom inaugurated by my 
predecessors I beg to present to you the report of the Corresponding Secretary 
and Assistant Librarian, showing the condition of the Historical Society during 
the past twelve months. 

As Corresponding Secretary I have received from various Societies and 
individuals 310 communications relating to the work of this and kindred Asso- 
ciations. I have myself written 305 letters, copies of which will be found in 
the letter book; have issued So other communications, acknowledged 425 do- 
nations of books, pamphlets and other matter ; have issued during the absence 
of the Secretary in California, seeking restoration to health, 650 notices of the 
annual and monthly meetings ; have mailed to members of this Society SSo 



XXXIV REPORTS. 

copies of the publications of the Society and 130 copies of the same to various 
Societies, making a total of 2,6So pieces of mail for the year 1S96, which will 
give some slight idea of the work which pertains to the office of Corresponding 
Secretary when attended to. 

I beg also to report that the increase of the membership of the Society has 
been as follows, viz : 

Resident members in good standing February, 1 895, . . . 104 

Deaths and resignations, 6, total, 98 

Added in 1S95, lo5; in 1S96, 69, 175 

Total, 273 

Life Members by payment of $100, 1895, 24 

Died, I 

Total, 23 

Added in 1896, 1897, 12 35 

Total resident members, February 12, 1897, 238 

This financial aspect of our increased membership is also cause for sincere 
congratulation and is full of encouragement for the future. 

The Harrison Wright Fund, begun in 1895, and limited to $1, 000, lacks 
only $84 of reaching that limit. The amount being 5916, of which SSoo is 
already in hand: S725 invested in bonds, S75 in the Savings Bank, the balance 
being money due from the sale of the publications of the Society which have 
lately been much in demand by the large libraries of the east. This Fund, with 
the Life memberships secured during the past month, adds $2,000 to the per- 
manent fund of the Society, which is now g 1 1,000. 

During the year four papers read before the Society have been published. 
Of these, the papers by our late President, Sheldon Reynolds and by Capt. J. 
M. Buckalew, on " The Frontier Forts," for the printing of which we are in- 
debted to our generous Honorary Member Dr. Wm. H. Egle. the Society being 
at no expense, except for titles and illustrations; "The Military Hospitals of 
the Revolution at Bethlehem and Litiz," by Mr. John \V. Jordan, the expense 
of which was nominal, through the kindness of Mr. Jordan, have all been dis- 
tributed to members of the Society, and the paper read before the Society by 
Rev. S. H. Cobb, in December, on " The Palatines or German Emigration to 
New York and Penn'a," is now ready for distribution, the expense of printing 
it having been borne mainly by the generosity of a member of the Society. A 
fifth paper is ready for the printer and will also be published and illustrated by 
the liberality of another member. During the past year interesting papers were 
read before the Society by the President, on the "Yankee and the Pennamite in 
Wyoming Yalley;" by Rev. Dr. Parke, on the " Bell of the Old Ship Zion;" 
by Dr. Corss, on the " Mound Drifts of the Susquehanna," all of which will 
be published during the present year. A lecture was also delivered before the 
Society by Hon. J. B. Austin, on the " Orinoca and El Dorado." 

In addition to the above, the valuable paper which will be read to-night 
from the facile pen of Mrs. Judge Rice, on " Rev. John Witherspoon, Signer 
of the Declaration of Independence" and a President of the University of N. 
J., will also be printed, and we have the promise of a paper from the Secretary 
of the Pennsylvania German Society, Mr. H. M. M. Richards, of Reading, who 
was, with Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., a member of the Frontier Fort Commission. 
The subject will be " The German Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf." We 
are also to have a scientific paper by Mr. A. D. Smith, and one on " The Drift 



REPORTS. XXXV 

of Wyoming Valley," by Dr. Corss. Papers are also promised on the " Old 
Hosieries of Wyoming Valley," and the "Old Mills of Wyoming." 

The effort of the Corresponding Secretary to make the Historical Rooms 
like those of all other live Historical Societies, a gallery of art for the preserva- 
tion of pictures of local interest, and portraits of deceased officers and members 
of the Society, and prominent citizens who have passed away, has been a very 
gratifying success. Fifteen such portraits now grace the rooms of the Society, 
and many more are promised. Since the last annual meeting, when six such 
portraits were mentioned, the portraits of the late Mr. Isaac S. Osterhout, the 
benefactor of the Society, of Hon. H. B. Wright, once President of the Society, 
and that of Mr. B. G. Carpenter, long a merchant of this city, have been pre- 
sented by the Spring Brook Water Company. That of the late Col. Charles 
Dorrance, has been given by his granddaughter Miss Anna Dorrance, that of 
Mr. Charles Morgan, by his sons, that of the late Mr. George M. Hollenback, 
by Messrs. J. W. Hollenback and Edward Welles, and that of the late Richard 
Sharp, Sr., long a life member of the Society, by his family. And last but not 
least, that of the late Dr. Charles F. Ingham, once President of the Society, 
and with Dr. Wright and Shelden Reynolds, Esq., one of the most important 
factors in the life and success of this Society, presented by his family. To Dr. 
Ingham and Dr. Wright we owe the very careful and accurate classification of 
the various departments of the Cabinet in Geology, Ethnology, Conchology, 
and the beautiful and rare pottery which we possess. Miss Mary Sharp has 
also presented the Society with a copy of the rare engraving of the Death of 
Montgomery, at Quebec, in 1775. We are promised the portraits of the late 
A. T. McClintock, LL. D., and Calvin Wadhams, both Presidents of the Society, 
and of A. C. Laning, H. H. Derr, L. C. Paine, all deceased, and others who 
were members of the Society. 

During the past year the very important collection of Indian remains, be- 
longing to the late Mr. A. J. Griffith, of Pittston, and collected through a long 
series of years in and around Pittston, and containing several thousand speci- 
mens, was presented to the Society by Mrs. Griffith. The Curator of Archae- 
ology, Major Wright, and myself, received the gift, had it conveyed to this city, 
and during the summer, aided by Mr. Phillips, who so generously assisted Mr. 
Lacoe with the Paleontological cabinet, I arranged the Griffith Collection in a 
case marked by the name of the donor. It is to be hoped that the example of 
this liberal member, who felt convinced that the Historical Society was the 
proper depository for so rich and valuable a collection, may find many imitators 
in those who possess small or large collections of our local remains within this 
lection. 

As Assistant Librarian, and in the absence in the far south of the Libra- 
rian, Major Wright, whose cordial co-operation I delight to mention, I have 
made a new arrangement of the Library. The Curator of Paleontology, Mr. 
Lacoe, who so kindly presented the Society with the three large cases of 
drawers in the basement for the coal flora, and during the past year arranged 
the several specimens in the cases, will soon label them for use. This work 
having been done, the Trustees authorized the using of the basement room for 
the Geological and Scientific Library, having book-cases built and cases also 
for the valuable files of newspapers in which this Society is so rich. Here all 
the scientific books have been placed, and the room presents a most inviting 
appearance to the student. To the generosity of Mr. Davis Dimick Searle, we 
are indebted for 68 bound volumes of Montrose newspapers, and full files of 
the New York Tribune and World, from the first volume to 1S75. This liberal 
donation increases the number of bound volumes of newspapers in the posses- 
sion of the Society to over 400. 



XXXVI REPORTS. 

The Historical Library has been arranged by states in the main room, and 
the whole is being slowly catalogued in the Library News Letter, through the 
kindness of Miss James. The sum of $200 has been spent in books, preference 
having been given to books of local interest and such books of genealogy as 
would meet, as far as possible, tbe growing demand for such publications. The 
additions to the Library have been: bound volumes, 460; pamphlets, 396 ; 
total, 850. It is interesting to know that at least 1,000 volumes have been 
called for or used during the year. 

I beg here to repeat, in brief, a suggestion made in my report of 1896. Max 
Muller has wisely said that the true study of history begins with the individual. 
In other words, with the study of genealogy. The saying is attributed to Presi- 
dent John Adams, that "the man who is not proud of a virtuous ancestry is 
either a natural fool or an unnatural fool." I do not dare to commit myself to 
this sentiment publicly, but it is surely true that the man who does not know or 
care who his grandfather was violates the fifth commandment and dishonors 
his ancestry. When I came to this valley eighteen years ago, I was full of genea- 
logical enthusiasm. But I kept a "pent up Utica" within, even after meeting 
such kindred spirits as Dr. Wright and Mr. Reynolds, who also kept their in- 
terest in such studies within their immediate circle. But the leaven in these 
three worked, until now the Wyoming Valley is alive with seekers after ances- 
try, honored in the service of their country, but not honored by posterity until 
this late day. Whether because stimulated by the many patriotic Societies that 
have arisen in the land or not, the fact remains that all large libraries are acting 
on Max Muller's sentiment, and are filling their shelves with works that bear 
on the history of families ; the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the unrivaled 
Library of the Wisconsin Historical Society, the large Newberry Library of 
Chicago, enriching their genealogical department and making it the most at- 
tractive department in the institution. Whatever best draws students to the 
library for the use of books must be cultivated. We need to have our library 
thus enriched. We have now but fifty volumes of family history in this library 
where there ought to be 500. Will not some liberal members either provide 
the means or donate books for this purpose ? 

One year ago the Trustees authorized the Corresponding Secretary to open 
the rooms of the Society to the public three afternoons each week, viz : Mon- 
day, Wednesday and Saturday from 2 to 5 P. M., and Wednesday from 7 to 9 
P. M. The attendance on these days for the year just ended has been 4,122 
persons. The average attendance has been on Monday, 12; Wednesday, 30; 
Saturday, 50. Many of the visitors have been children, children who will in 
future years doubtless be members of this Society, but in some cases the classes 
from public schools have visited the rooms with their teachers for the study of 
geology or history. It will be a fortunate day when the public schools learn to 
know and appreciate the treasures preserved within these walls for practically 
demonstrating what can be but theoretically taught in the class rooms. Per- 
sonally, I beg those of you who are members of this Society to encourage its 
work and its workers by visiting now and then our rooms. We have members 
who pay their dues promptly but who rarely attend the meetings of the Society, 
and never enter its doors to examine treasures of whose existence they have no 
knowledge. Personal interest, manifested by personal visits, is the duty of 
every member, and it is certainly due to those whose enthusiasm aids to keep 
the institution before the people. 

HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



REPORTS. XXXV11 

Report of the Treasurer for the Year 1897. 



RECEIPTS. 

Uy Balance, February 11, 1897 $ 478 32 

" Life Membership Fees, $1,095 00 

" Membership Dues, 975 °° 

* WrightFund, 125 00 

" Donations for Publications, 66 50 

" Interest on Investments 525 00 

. £2,786 50 

$3,264 82 
EXPENDITURES. 

To Hooks and Cabinet, $ 465 62 

" Printing and Stationery, 120 80 

" Binding 250 35 

" Furniture, Frames and Shelving, 165 90 

«' Addresses, 5° °° 

" Salaries, 57° 72 

" Postage and Incidentals, 64 So 

« One Water Co. Bond 973 75 

" Savings Account 15° °° 

" Balance in Treasury, 45 2 88 

$3,264 82 

RESOURCES. 

Six Bonds Wilkes-Barre Water Co., $ 3>°°° 

live " Plvmouth Bridge Co., 5,000 

Three " Spring Brook Water Co., 3>°°° 

$11,000 00 



Report of the Corresponding Secretary for 1897. 



To the President and Members of the Wyommg Historical and Geological 
Society : 
Gentlemen : — I herewith beg to present to you my annual report as Cor- 
responding Secretary and Assistant Librarian of this Society. As your Trus- 
tees have placed in my charge the care of the rooms of the Society, this report 
musl largely cover the work of the past year in all the departments of work 
except tho^e of Treasurer, Secretary and Curator of Geology, all of which offi- 
cers I have assisted as my time has permitted. I have to congratulate you 
tint the financial and general condition of the Society have reached a limit of 
«\tellence of which we may all be very proud. This is due largely to the 
;:.:ere>t which has been excited among the members, and in the public mind, 
by the successful effort to keep our existence and purpose before the people. 

The Library of the Society now contains 13,000 books and pamphlets ; the 
nicmljership, including resident and life members, numbers 275; and the 
invested funds of the Society have increased since my first report four years ago 



XXXV111 REPORTS. 

from $8,ooo to $11,000, with a promised further advance within the next two 
years to $15,000. The details of all this will appear in this report. 

As Corresponding Secretary I have received quite 400 communications to 
the Society, and have written fully 350 letters in reply, copies of which will 
be found in the letter book of the Society. To this must be added the acknowl- 
edgment of the receipt of 1450 books, pamphlets, and other treasures received 
from donors, exchange and by purchase. Also the mailing of 1200 copies of 
our publications to members and similar societies and libraries. As Assistant 
Librarian I have to report the transfer during the summer of 1897 of the 2,000 
books which belong to us as a Public Depository of the United States from the 
tower of the Osterhout Library building to cases especially made for them in 
the basement room of this Society. These volumes of Government books, 
once sneeringly called "public documents," and used by us generally for kind- 
ling fires, form a library of rare value to those who know their contents and 
how to use them. We would be very wise had we the opportunity to purchase 
at almost any reasonable price the volumes we lack to complete this admirable 
set of over 3,000 books, especially some of the volumes that you and I have 
thus burned in the fire. The first six annual reports in pamphlet form of the 
Smithsonian Institute are worth $20 cash ; and the first ten reports of the In- 
dian Bureau, pages torn from the volume in which they were printed would 
cost us even more. These public documents contain everything ever published 
by the United States since 1775 — of our country's history during those 120 years, 
of" her letters, science, geology, ethnology, paleontology, agriculture, patents, 
forestry, surveys, foreign correspondence and affairs, land, education, and other 
reports, and make a library without reference to which no writer can prepare 
an impartial history of America. The especial reports of an historical character 
and the geological surveys are peculiarly valuable in the library of an Historical 
and Geological Society. Appreciating the value of these works it will not 
surprise you t"o know that one-half of our library is composed of such works, 
and their number is annually increasing. The Official Records of the Union and 
Confederate Armies during the Civil War already number 114 volumes. The 
Librarian reports that of the 13,000 volumes in our library the bound volumes 
number 7,250, and the unbound 650 ; total, books 7,900, pamphlets over 5,000 
by actual count, making a grand total of over 13,000. During the past year 
of the 1,450 books received, S09 were bound volumes and 640 unbound and 
pamphlets. Of these, 646 are Government publications, 39 Pennsylvania 
reports, leaving 614 books and pamphlets which were added to our number by 
gift and exchange and purchase. Of the 3000 books of the Public Depository 
each volume will soon be numbered in accordance with the system adopted 
by the Government in its index, thus making these books accessible to the gen- 
eral reader. Our exchange list contains 130 Historical Societies and libraries, 
with 100 of which we keep up an annual correspondence. Of the volumes 
added to the library during the past year 150 were purchased, being mainly 
for genealogical and historical students, these two branches of investigation 
being at this time most popular, and very important in building up libraries. 
Among the most valuable treasures in our library are 509 volumes of news- 
papers, including complete files of the Wilkes-Barre Record and Leader from 
their first issue, and nearly full files of the New York Tribune to date, and 
nearly full files of the New York World to 1876. To these the Wilkes-Barre 
Times has lately been added, and the files of the Waechter and Abend are also 
complete. It would be well if we could induce every paper published in the 
county to send us its completed files for preservation. There are still kept in 
the county valuable files of papers covering the early history of this valley 
which we have tried in vain to secure, and which it is feared will be withheld 
until the fire will have forever destroyed them. 



REPORTS. XXXix 

The rooms of the Society have been opened to the public ever}' Monday, 
Wednesday and Saturday from 2 to 5 P. M., and every Wednesday night from 
7 |o 9 l*. M-> with the same average attendance as during the previous year. 
'llic jiumber of visitors for 1S07 was 3,850. The number of those who use the 
library is increasing, and would still more increase if it were possible to open 
the rooms more frequently. But this will doubtless come in time. During the 
past year the Daughters of the American Revolution have had their meeting 
in the building regularly twice each month excepting in midsummer. 

Through the kindness of several friends we have added a number of por- 
traits to our gallery of deceased members and citizens. The portrait of Payne 
l'ettclone, Esq., a President of this Society in 1875, has been presented by 
Mrs. Payne Pettebone; that of Calvin Wadhams, Esq., a President in 1873, 
has aLo been presented by Mr. Andrew Hunlock ; and those of Governor II. 
M. Hoyt and A. C. Laning by their families, and Charles Parrish by C. P. 
Hunt. Miss Martha Sbarpe has also given us a rare copy of the engraving of 
(lie Treaty of William Penn under the old elm tree at the Fairman mansion, 
which has a somewhat local interest, as the Fairman mansion was subsequently 
the home of the ancestors of General Paul A. Oliver, and a scion of this old 
elm tree, transplanted by the General some years ago, is still growing in front of 
the Log Chapel at Oliver's Mills. Miss Sharpe has also given the Society a 
valuable and rare map, printed by John Bowles, London, 1740, of the Amer- 
ican Continent. Major W T right, the Curator of Arch:eology, desires especial 
mention of the valuable gift from Dr. A. C. Shoemaker of Wyoming, of the two 
skulls and other bones of the Indian remains which were exposed by the sub- 
sidence of the ground last year at Wyoming. One of these sculls shows dis- 
tinctly the stroke of the tomahawk and the circular cut of the scalping knife, 
which, from its position, proves that the remains are not those of white 
persons, but of the Indians who once occupied this valley or were slain while 
invading its soil. 

During the past year we have published four valuable papers, which, 
through the great kindness of members, have been issued without expense to 
the Society. The publication of our papers is a necessity, as it is thus mainly 
that we are able to keep in touch with other such societies and with the read- 
ing public. It is also due to our members, each of whom pays S5 annually 
into the treasury, that they should have some practical return for this expense. 
The publications will cost at least two hundred dollars per annum if continued 
as they should be in the same ratio, and the Publication Committee will see to 
it that they do thus continne. During the year thus closed we have had a 
number of very interesting papers read before the Society, some of which are 
still awaiting publication. 

At the annual meeting in February last Mrs. Judge Rice read a paper enti- 
tled "John Witherspoon," which deserves preservation in permanent form, 
('apt. H. II. Bellas, U. S. A., on April oth, read before us a very interesting pa- 
per on "The Defence of the Delaware River during the Revolutionary War," 
which also awaits its publication. At the meeting in May 21, Mr. H. M. M. 
Richards, Secretary of the Pennsylvania German Society, read before us a pa- 
per on "The German Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf," which, through the 
Kcnerosity of four members of the Pennsylvania German Society, has been 
printed and distributed to members. June 24th Dr. Harry Hakes enabled us to 
celebrate the 400th anniversary of the Discovery of America, by reading before 
the Society a paper entitled " John and Sebastian Cabot," which paper Dr. 
Hakes published for the Society at his own expense. October S, Dr. Fred- 
erick Corss read a paper on the "Fossils in the River Drift at Pittston," and A. 
H. McClintock, Esq., of the committee on the Sheldon Reynolds Memoir, 



Xl REPORTS. 

read a graphic account of the work of our late President in this Society. Dr. 
Corss' paper makes the second scientific paper read before this Society in many 
years. It is not in keeping with our name and purpose to devote our attention 
entirely to the History of this section. Its geology should receive our care and 
research equally with its history, and it is hoped that we may in the future 
have more such papers as those of Dr. Corss. At the December meeting Dr. 
Johnson read an original paper written by his ancestor, Rev. Jacob Johnson, 
of Wyoming fame, on the great flood of 1784, and generously loaned to the 
Society by 6. ]. Harvey, Esq., who will incorporate it in his forthcoming His- 
tory of Wilkes-Barre. January 14th Rev. David Craft read a paper before the 
Society on an attractive subject of which so little has heretofore been known, 
"The French at Asylum." When these papers will be published it is not easy just 
now to say. During the past year we have issued four papers. That by Rev. S. 
H. Cobb on the "Palatines" was printed by the generosity of A. H. McClintock, 
Esq. ; that by Dr. Hakes by himself; that by Mr. Richards, as has been stated, 
by four members of this Society who are also members of the Pennsylvania 
German Society ; and two papers whose local interest makes them peculiarly 
valuable, containing the exercises at the erection of the monument at Laurel 
Run to the officers and men slain by the Indians at that point in April, 1779, 
and the address delivered at the dedication of the monument by Mrs. J. C. 
Phelps, which paper has been printed for us by Mrs. Phelps, with Biographical 
Sketches of the Officers by the Corresponding Secretary. Our grateful thanks 
should be voted to these generous friends for this marked interest in our work. 
I take peculiar pleasure in informing you that the Memorial of Sheldon Rey- 
nolds, Esq., our late President, is now in the hands of the printer and will be 
the next issue of the Society. This, it is hoped, will be followed during the year 
by the fourth volume of the Society, containing our proceedings of the past four 
years, with the address of our President, Hon. Stanley Woodward, at the open- 
ing of these rooms, and his address on " The Pennamite and Yankee in the 
Wyoming Valley." It will also contain the history, by Rev. Dr. Parke, of the 
"Bell of the Old Ship Zion," which peacefully, silently and reverently rests on 
our third, floor. Also a full list of our membership. I have to ask the patience of 
the members if these publications do not issue as promptly as we cculd wish, 
as the work of preparing the copy, reading the proof, &c, must tali on the 
Corresponding Secretary. Our publications are called for and read by people 
and societies from Maine to California, and it is important that they should be 
issued in a style to reflect credit, as they have always done, on the Society and 
the city. 

I beg to remind the members that the duty of securing papers to be read 
before this Society falls on the already busy Corresponding Secretary ; it is their 
duty to remember their obligation to the Society to prepare such papers when 
needed, that their talents and abilities are in a sense the property of this So- 
ciety, and when it needs historical and scientific papers for its meetings it is not 
generous to decline on the score of lack of ability. College graduates and 
members of the professions in this educated city have asked to be excused from 
such a duty, not on the score of want of time, but of the plea of -vant of ability, 
thus reflecting on their Alma Mater, and also reflecting on their own section, 
of whose history they should never be willingly ignorant. It is the age of his- 
torical research, and the material is always at hand to prepare papers on such 
subjects. The art of writing does not consist in having something new to tell, 
but in telling somediing old and familiar in a new way. The history of the 
Massacre of Wyoming is not threadbare, as we have found in several addresses 
delivered at the annual commemoration of dtat event in the past few years. 

This Society, at its annual meeting in 1897, elected its honorary member 



REPORTS. Xli 

[>r, W. H. Eglc to deliver the annual address to-night. A week or more 
a-o Dr. Egle wrote me that public duties and his health would entirely pre- 
vent his being with us. I promptly wrote to our honored member, President 
VVarfield of Lafayette College, laid our emergency before him, and begged his 
kindly assistance. We are fortunate indeed that he has so generously and 
promptly responded, and will to-night tell us of that important struggle in the 
S>uih country, the centre of which was the desperate battle at Kings Mountain, 
in which the "Hero of Kings Mountain" on the patriot side, who brought vic- 
t<iiv to the American arms, was his great grandfather, Gen. William Campbell 
of Virginia. 

In 1SS5, when our lamented Secretary Dr. Harrison Wright was taken from 
us, I suggested the propriety of creating a fund for this Society as a suitable 
memorial for his valuable services. In this both President Dana and the Cor- 
: impending Secretary, Mr. Reynolds, concurred, and an effort was made to 
secure such a fund. But circumstances over which we have had no control 
prevented its accomplishment. In the decade that followed, both Mr. Reynolds 
nml Judge Dana, and also that lover of scientific studies who did much for our 
Society, Dr. Charles F. Ingham, passed away. Since it has been my privilege 
to aid in carrying on the work they laid on such strong foundations, I have deter- 
mined that if energy and perseverance can accomplish the result desired, that 
funds shall be established by this Society to be permanent memorials of these 
three co-workers, Dr. Wright, Sheldon Reynolds and Dr. Ingham. With this 
purpose in view, in 1895 I secured subscriptions from the relatives of Dr. Wright 
for the Harrison Wright Fund amounting to S600. The By-Laws were changed 
to provide for the investment and use of this and the other designed funds, and 
Inst month I was able to report to the Trustees the completion of the Harrison 
Wright Fund, it having reached its limit of $1000, by the sale of the publica- 
tions of the Society. This has been invested, and already the interest of one 
year has been expended in books properly marked. I was very much gratified 
indeed at receiving during the past week from the immediate family of Sheldon 
Reynolds, Esq., subscriptions to a like sum, S600, towards the Sheldon Rey- 
nolds Fund, and the money was at once placed on interest in the Anthracite 
Bank. This is also provided for by the By-Laws, and all moneys received 
from the sale of our publications will be added to that fund until it also reaches 
the sum of $1,000. After that it is purposed, with the consent of his family, that 
such moneys as shall arise from the sale of our publications shall be set apart 
f«r (he Charles F. Ingham Fund. All these funds will be invested in good 
securities, and the interest arising therefrom only will be used. The interest 
from the Wright Fund will be expended in the purchase of such genealogical 
Uxiks as are rare; that from the Reynolds Fund in such American Histo- 
ries as have a similar value ; while that from the Ingham Fund will be spent 
in scientific books for a geological library. Each book will be marked with 
ils special book-plate bearing the name of the fund and the honored officer 
whom it is intended to commemorate. These funds should be held as most 
i^-cred trusts, not to be used for any other purpose than that for which they are 
ctublished, that these departed friends, to whose intelligent zeal and loving 
service this Society owas its established existence to-day, may not be forgotten. 
1 hey will be forgotten by the generations which will arise in the future, but 
they will ever be held in remembrance by this Society through these funds. 

It is very natural that having witnessed the departure of these strong friends 
of this Society within ten years the thought should press upon my mind, "what 
of the future ?" 

Our lives are limited, but the works we build up may live for generations. 
Bat who will take up the work of this Society when the few who are still left 



xlii 



REPORTS. 



to take interest in its welfare are withdrawn from the things of time and sense ? 
Of course our places can be filled, for no man is ever a necessity in this world 
But how can we provide for the support of this work in the future ? Societies' 
like people, require money to live, and this Society can not do its proper work 
on the income it now possesses, for the time to come. We have just Sn ooo 
invested, with a membership of 240, which bring us an income of about $1 '700 
in all. Of this sum we should expend annually one-half on our Library 
During the past year we have spent £500 in this way. Our invested funds 
should not be less than 320,000, yielding us an income of $ 1,000 per annum 
Our membership kept up to its present number of 240, should add to this in- 
come $1,200, a total of $2,200. This should place the Society above the 
danger of going backward. The Treasurer's report shows that of our 240 an- 
nual members, there are but four who owe as much as the limit the Society al- 
lows of two years, dues, at this date, so faithfully have the members kept their 
obligations. Now, should the few who are really interested in the work be 
taken away, it would be necessary to employ from the larger cities some one 
trained in such work to take charge of this Library- and these rooms. It was 
with this end in view that Mr. Sheldon Reynolds and your present Correspond- 
ing Secretary, in 1SS9, made a successful effort to increase our life-membership 
list, adding to it about thirty members and adding Sj.ooo to our invested funds' 
During the past thirteen months I have taken up this work again and have 
secured the subscription of twenty-eight other members as life-members. These 
subscriptions are payable within two years, and of the twenty-eight, thirteen 
have already paid their $100. I shall not hesitate to approach any member of 
this Society with the same proposition, as it is. for their personal benefit, and 
that of their posterity and home, and I do not doubt that during the present 
year that number will be increased to 40 additions to the list of life-members 
now numbering 65, including those yet unpaid. I earnestly beg you will aid me 
to increase it to 75. This will make your invested fund 515,000. I am not 
a native of this exquisite valley, for whose wealth and beauty I do not wonder 
that its early settlers went to war. But you are natives here," the blood of vour 
ancestors has stained its soil in defense of their homes, their bones rest in our 
cemeteries and grave-yards, and you owe it to posterity to see that their history 
and their valiant deeds for home and liberty are never forgotten, and you should 
be proud to have your names forever preserved on the list of life-members of 
the only Society that can and will perpetuate the memory of your patriotic an- 
cestors. If this is not convenient during vour life would it not be wise to im- 
mitate the example of Mr. Osterhout, whose testamentary gift we now enioy, 
and remember this Society in your will, that after you have passed away your 
memory may still be kept alive in the work of this institution. 

During the past year Mr. W. R. Ricketts, the Curator of Geology, has 
classified the specimens in the mineralogical cabinet and numbered them and is 
having the list tpyewritten, so that visitors can identify each specimen. We have 
offered Lafayette College such of our duplicates as may be useful in replenish- 
ing its collection so largely injured by the late fire in Pardee Hall. Mr. Lacoe, 
Curator of Paleontology, is preparing to label the cases of coal fo=sils and is re- 
arranging the cabinet in the geological room to which he has added many very 
rare and beautiful specimens. 

HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



. 



\ 









■ 



' - - V 






SHELDON REYNOLDS 



Jn JRemoriam. 



Sheldon Reynolds, A. M., 

late president of the 

wyoming historical and geological society, 

and curator of archaeology. 

Born Kingston, Pa., February 22, 1845. 
Died Saranac Lake, N. Y., February 8, 1895. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE. 



The Publishing Committee of the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society, to whom the various proceedings 
and papers relative to our late President, Sheldon Reynolds, 
Esq., were referred for publication, take singular pleasure in 
presenting to the members of the Society this Memorial. 

Although delayed in its issue, by causes difficult to over- 
come, the Committee are satisfied that this tribute to the 
life, character and work of one, to whose enthusiastic devo- 
tion this Society will be forever indebted, will gratify those 
who loved and honored the subject. 

The Publishing Committee. 



PART I. 



SHELDON REYNOLDS. 



? 



ACTION OF THE WYOMING HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL 
SOCIETY. 

At the annual meeting of the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society, held at its rooms Friday, Feb. II, 1895, 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

Whereas, The Society having learned with profound sor- 
row of the death of our late president, Sheldon Reynolds, 
Esq., on the 8th inst, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That a committee consisting of Hon. Stanley 
Woodward, A. H. McClintock, Esq., and Hon. J. R. Wright, 
be appointed to draft resolutions of regret and sympathy 
with his bereaved family and to prepare a memorial of Mr. 
Reynolds for the Society. 

Resolved, That the rooms of the Society be draped in 
mourning for a period of sixty days. 

Resolved, That we adjourn until February 25th, at 1 1 A. m. 



The adjourned annual meeting of the Wyoming Histori- 
cal and Geological Society was held Feb. 25 at 1 1 a.m., Rev. 
Dr. Henry L. Jones, one of the vice presidents, in the chair. 
The meeting was largely attended, many ladies being pres- 
ent. In calling the meeting to order the chairman feelingly 
referred to the recent death of the Society's president, Shel- 
don Reynolds, Esq. 

The following report and resolution, prepared by the 
committee appointed at the recent meeting, were read by 
A. H. McClintock, Esq., and were unanimously adopted by 
a standing vote : 

In the evening of the 8th of February, 1895, the message 



IO RESOLUTIONS. 



that in time comes to all men came to our beloved president, 
Mr. Sheldon Reynolds, and with weary mind and body he 
gave up the bitter and exhausting battle he had waged so 
long, and quietly, like a tired child, he "fell on sleep." 

No announcement can be fraught with deeper meaning 
and more far-reaching effect to the Society than this. 

Not one of the many who have striven for our welfare and 
advancement gave more of their very essence than did he. 
More than any one was he the life and commanding influ- 
ence of the institution, and to his zeal and intelligent fore- 
sight we are indebted for much of what we now enjoy. 

His whole intellectual life, in later years, was devoted to 
the study and elucidation of local history and tradition, and 
to this pursuit he brought a mind of broad and thorough 
culture, trained in the best schools of modern research, 
and equipped in a manner that can only be acquired by 
years of patient and intelligent toil and preparation. 

With a modesty which, to those who knew him, was even 
more charming than the many other graces of mind and 
person he had been endowed with both by nature and by 
cultivation, his highest aim was not his personal reputation ; 
nor that he himself might scale the heights of fame ; but 
that this society might stand among its fellows, known every- 
where, as ranking any in the land in character and influence. 
Such a noble and unselfish ambition was worthy of the com- 
pletest fruition, and, had he been spared to us, no one could 
have doubted its fulfillment. 

But, in the noon-day of his labor, when all that had gone 
before was but the making ready for the brilliant outcome 
of the future, he has been taken from us, and we have only 
the memory of his charming personality, his unsullied life 
and noble example to comfort us in our sorrow and assuage 
our grief. 

His loss to our Society is of the gravest import ; he was 
our pride, and to him we looked for the success that seemed 



RESOLUTIONS. I I 

so well assured, trusting with confidence in his rare gifts of 
learning, critical insight and judgment, and his deep-seated 
love for us and interest in our welfare. 

The influence of such a life, devoted to the highest ad- 
vancement of this institution, should be a never-ending in- 
spiration to us, and should encourage us to follow in his 
footsteps and endeavor to promote in every way the cause 
for which he labored during the many years that are now 
passed away. 

Resolved, That we extend to his stricken family our heart- 
felt sympathy and that a copy of this minute be sent them 
in the name of the Society. 



12 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 



SHELDON REYNOLDS, AND HIS WORK IN THE 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Beimg the Report op the Committee appointed by the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society to prepare a Memorial of Mr. Reynolds. Read 
at the meeting of the wyoming historical and geological society, 
held October, 8 1897, by A. H. McClintock, Esq. 



A number of years ago this Society occupied a long nar- 
row room on the second floor of the bank building on 
Franklin street, near the corner of Market. 

The room was lighted by two windows at each end. In the 
front a part was set off as a meeting place, with an old table 
facing a number of wooden benches. The library was in 
this end of the room and was contained partly on the shelves 
and partly in unopened boxes, back of this, and indeed sur- 
rounding the room on every side, covering the walls, de- 
pending from the ceiling, in cases and under cases, were the 
collections of the Society. More varied in character than is 
the case at present, for we have found, although our dual 
name admits of a wide distribution of subjects, that one in- 
stitution, limited in means and size, cannot cover all the field 
of scientific and historical research. It was a wonderful old 
place, full of quaint surprises and curious conceits, that to 
the mind of a child were sources of endiess amusement and 
attraction. But what a hopeless mass it really was. Many 
rare and valuable examples of art and industry from the 
four corners of the globe, fine mineral and geological speci- 
mens and a most interesting collection of archaeological ob- 
jects, piled helter-skelter in a few cases, with bottled snakes 
and baby skeletons, curiously bent limbs of trees, double 
cocoanuts, models of ships, innumerable things, all jumbled 
together without order or logical connection ; a chaotic mass 
of material ; some useful and proper for the Society to pre- 
serve, and the rest the veriest junk, the sweepings of old 
garrets and the contents of old cabinets of long gone ama- 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 1 3 

teurs in the art of collecting curiosities. Over all was the 
dust and grime of years of indifference and neglect, and the 
appearance of the room was indicative of the spirit of the 
Society. At its inception this institution met with great suc- 
cess. Public spirited men gave of their means, and intelli- 
gent and cultivated members brought to the task of arrange- 
ment and care of the collections well equipped skill in such 
lines, and the Society flourished. As is too often the case, 
however, many of its best friends died, others lost their in- 
terest, and to the few who remained the task became so 
burdensome they left it to younger members to carry on, 
and these neglected the interests of the Society, and thus 
decay was fast sapping the life of what should have been an 
ornament to the community and a pride of this old town. 

But better days were in store for us. Among the children 
who had feasted their eyes on the many fascinating things in 
the old room was Harrison Wright, a thoughtful, intellec- 
tual boy, with scientific and literary tastes developing in 
early childhood ; tastes leading him along the very lines of 
investigation upon which the Society was formed. In his 
boyhood and youth he spent many happy and useful hours 
among the shelves and cases in the old room, and, under 
the tutelage of Dr. Ingham, a most interesting instructor 
and one of the most charming men for a boy like Harrison 
Wright to be attracted to, he grew to be fond of the old 
place and intensely interested in the world which it un- 
folded to him. When seventeen years old he left his home 
and spent four years at the University of Heidelberg. While 
there he was called upon one day by a townsman whom he 
little knew, for their lives until then had been apart, but this 
was the beginning of an acquaintance that was to ripen into 
an intimate friendship ; a friendship which ended only at the 
death of the first of these two friends to pass beneath the 
portal that stands between this world and the heaven to 
come. 



14 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

The caller was Sheldon Reynolds. Graduating at Yale 
in 1867, he went abroad the following spring and travelled 
for one or two years. The trend of mind and education of 
these two men drew them towards each other, and in later 
years, both having studied law and been admitted to the 
bar, they opened an office together in chambers near by the 
Historical room. Neither had any'inclination for the active 
practice of their profession, and fortunate it was for this So- 
ciety that such was the case, for the calls upon a man busy 
in the pursuit of his chosen avocation leave little time for 
any other occupation, no matter how alluring and absorbing 
the side attraction may be. To men of their taste the pos- 
sibilities of the Society opened a field for labor and useful- 
ness which at once seemed to fascinate them. The work at 
first was very slow. The room was so cramped, so com- 
pletely out of repair, and the condition of the cabinets and 
collections in such apparently hopeless confusion that more 
earnest men than they might well have been turned aside 
from even an attempt to bring order out of this confusion. 
But through their steadfastness of purpose and constancy of 
labor, even the old room took on a new form and as far as 
was possible an orderly arrangement was made of its con- 
tents. 

The Young Men's Christian Association having in 1878 
left their quarters in the rooms on the opposite side of the 
hallway of the same building, the Society then rented the en- 
tire second and third floors of the building, and the accumu- 
lated mass of books, curiosities, geological, archaeological, 
mineralogical and all the other cabinets were spread over the 
greatly enlarged space in orderly and proper array. What 
a labor it was to move and classify all these objects, done as 
it was in the heat of summer and under the pressing neces- 
sity of having all in order for the coming centennial anni- 
versary of the Massacre of Wyoming. Throughout all this 
time these two men labored with the utmost zeal and with 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 1 5 

unremitting effort. We have in years gone by commemo- 
rated the life and work of Dr. Harrison Wright and mourned 
his untimely death, and it is not my purpose to revive 
these sad memories here. In some degree what we all 
thought of him has been perpetuated in the volume pub- 
lished by the Society shortly after his death, but I wish to 
speak more fully upon the work here of his friend and co- 
laborer, Sheldon Reynolds, whose loss to us is equally hard 
to bear and to understand. 

Mr. Reynolds was of New England parentage, his fore- 
fathers being among those brave men who came into the 
wilderness of Northeastern Pennsylvania, and facing hunger, 
heavy labor, danger and disappointment overcame moun- 
tains piled on mountains of difficulties and formed the set- 
tlement and institutions which have grown into the thriving, 
busy region round about us. 

He was born in Kingston, Luzerne county, Pa., in 1845, 
and was prepared for college in the local schools and finally 
at Hopkins Grammar School. After his return from his 
European trip following his graduation, he studied law under 
the preceptorship of Andrew T. McClintock, LL. D., and 
was admitted to the bar of his native county in 1871. Every 
endowment of nature and education seemed to fit him for 
his profession. His mind was intellectual, logical and acute, 
his judgment of the highest order, and his integrity and 
stedfastness of purpose beyond criticism. His legal studies 
were prosecuted with the utmost care and in an exhaustive 
manner. It is, indeed, seldom that a student who stands 
before the judge, ready to take the oath "to be true to the 
court and true to his clients," comes there so well equipped 
for the fulfillment of his apparent purpose, so ready to step 
forward with great strides into the front ranks among his 
brethren. His preceptor had been often heard to say that 
"Reynolds was born to be a judge," so highly did he rate 
his pupil's ability and integrity. 

But it was the literary and historical side of the law that 



i6 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 



most attracted him ; the rougher side of active practice was 
distasteful, and there was not, in his case, the necessity of 
labor for the cause of gain, and therefore he turned away 
toward other pursuits which were more suited to his scien- 
tific and literary cast of mind, and more in keeping with his 
retiring disposition. Curiously enough, though, in the face 
of this distaste for active practice as a lawyer, and especially 
for the mimic warfare of a court room, Mr. Reynolds was 
an enthusiastic politician, in the better sense of the word, 
and the intricacies and difficulties of a campaign delighted 
him, and never was he more in his element than when he 
was deep in the mysteries of an election, as Chairman of the 
Democratic County Committee. His manner of conducting 
a campaign was a model too seldom followed by most poli- 
ticians, and his power of organization and his executive 
abilities shone brightly at such a time. He introduced busi- 
ness methods and open audits of his accounts in a way that 
had never before been thought of or attempted, and through 
his skill and tact gained signal victories in the face of threat- 
ened defeats. He refused office, though frequently offered to 
him ; he had no desire for public position, his political ambi- 
tion being the ambition of a statesman having only the wel- 
fare of his country in view and not his personal advancement. 
His skill and force as an executive officer soon brought him 
into prominence in business circles, and a number of the 
local corporations owed their success to his efforts and ability 
as their chief officer. His chief devotion, however, was for 
this Society, and it was in his work here, and in kindred sub- 
jects, that he took the greatest enjoyment and in which he 
was most efficient. 

There are not many parts of our country especially at- 
tractive to the historian. The story of the early hardships 
and trials of one region are but the repetition, in most in- 
stances, of what has happened in other places, or will occur 
again and again in the march of progress towards the west. 
But the Valley of Wyoming is almost unequalled in historic 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 1 7 

and traditional interest. The conflicts between the savage 
foe, who tried so hard to hold its fertile plains, and the early 
settlers at this frontier post, and later the long and bitter 
strife for the mastery between the contending forces of Con- 
necticut settlers and Pennsylvania claimants made tales of 
battle, intrigue and heroism that will ever stir the blood and 
claim the interest of the student of its ancient records. The 
curious and entirely unique legal questions that arose, and 
were overcome, as Alexander overcame the Gordian Knot, 
by cutting them in two as by a knife ; the early discovery 
and mining of anthracite coal, and back of the white man's 
coming the evidences strewn broadcast of the importance of 
the region to the aborigines ; all these and a host of other 
causes that will occur to any one conversant therewith, gave 
to our Valley a mass of historic material and tradition which 
has, by no means, been exhausted by the number of works 
published concerning it. 

Study and labor among the cabinets and archives of this 
Society and the companionship of one well versed therein, 
gave the needed incentive to Mr. Reynolds, and as the 
charm and beauty of the theme unfolded itself, deeper and 
more completely did he become absorbed and fascinated 
thereby. 

To fit himself for a truer appreciation of the causes and 
motives leading to the diverse effects of our history, it be- 
came necessary to prepare his mind by careful study and 
analysis of the critical and exhaustive methods of modern 
historical research. And this training he obtained by the 
zealous study of the modern as well as the earlier works 
upon American history and archaeology. No one had 
made a more exhaustive study of local history, and because 
of this careful preparation, coupled with a mind capable of 
appreciating the wealth and value of the material at hand, 
and of discriminating between the meretritious and the true, 
he was eminently fitted to round out the written history of 
our Valley. From the writer's long and intimate acquaint- 



1 8 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

ance with Mr. Reynolds it is evident to him that such would 
have been the outcome of his study and preparation. The 
little he has written is but a foretaste of what the future 
would have given us, had he not been taken from us just 
when this long and arduous preparation was ripening into 
the full and rounded fruit ready for its garnering. His style 
was lucid and compact, though the closeness of his method 
did not detract from a happy fluency of expression that 
made the reading of his articles at once attractive and easy, 
and his argument, when weighing the truth of different tra- 
ditions and scraps of history, was always clear, judicious, 
logical and convincing. 

The untimely death of Dr. Wright threw upon Mr. Rey- 
nolds the burthen of the Society's affairs, and most nobly 
and conscientiously did he carry on the work. With only 
the welfare of the institution before him, and indeed with 
too much of personal modesty and self-abnegation, he 
labored for our good. His theory of a society of this kind 
was that only those cabinets and collections which could be 
properly kept up and which were interesting and proper in 
a local sense, should be maintained, and that the publica- 
tions of the society, and the interchange of ideas and breadth 
of growth incident to the exchange of publications with our 
sister institutions, gave standing and dignity to be obtained 
in no other manner. 

It is the fulfillment of these plans that has given us our 
fine and attractive collections, and has made the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society known and respected 
throughout the length and breadth of this country, and even 
in foreign lands. We have given up many of our former 
cabinets, but we have extended and broadened those which 
have been retained, until there are few societies, outside of 
the larger cities, that can bear any comparison whatever 
with this one. And only those who knew our late presi- 
dent and were acquainted with his work among us, can 
realize how much we have him to thank for our present 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. I9 

flourishing condition. In archaeology Mr. Reynolds was 
especially expert, and this was the study which most at- 
tracted him. He had formulated many schemes for the 
careful examination of the aboriginal remains in this part of 
the state, and our cabinet in the archaeological department, of 
which he was the curator, is the best evidence of his devotion 
and skill. From a raw, ill-assorted mass of material, he 
evolved by arrangement, gift and purchase, what is now an 
admirable and comprehensive exhibit of local specimens and 
one that can be expanded, on the lines laid out by him, with 
constantly increasing value and beauty. 

It is, however, after all that has been written of any man, 
as to his education, culture, ability and work, that the high- 
est praise has yet to be said, and it is not often that we can 
go further, for this praise should be that he was above all 
and beyond all, a man, by force of his virtue, steadfastness, 
nobility and truth. But all these and even more can be 
said of our friend who is gone, and even then the charm 
and delight of his personality is but faintly set forth. For 
who can put into words or formulate set phrases to convey, 
in any degree, the impressions left upon us of one so dear 
to us all, and whose character was so rounded and complete. 
The latter years of his life were consumed in a heroic but 
hopeless fight with our common enemies, sickness and death, 
and when the summons came to him it found him with his 
pen just laid aside at the completion of his thorough and 
masterly essay lately published by the society, and with 
tired eyes and exhausted body he laid himself down to his 
last repose. 

The loss to our institution is very great; it is rare that 
one can be found so fitted in every way to be the guiding 
hand and brain in so many different paths of science and 
literature, but his noble and unselfish example should be an 
enduring inspiration to all of us, and his memory ought 
ever to remain, fresh and untarnished, before our minds and 
hearts. 



20 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY 



The following History of the Reynolds Family was prepared by the late 
Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., in 18S9, for Kulp's "Families of Wyoming Val- 
ley," FROM WHICH IT IS HERE REPRINTED : 

The Reynolds family is of English extraction, and is de- 
scended from William Reynolds, one of the original propri- 
etors of Providence, R. I., 1637. James, the son of William, 
removed to Kingstown, R. I., before the year 1665, where 
the family remained for seven generations. About the year 
1750 the branch of the family now resident is this neigh- 
borhood settled first in Greenwich and Coventry, R. I., and 
finally came to Wyoming with the first settlers in 1769. 
Benjamin Reynolds' name is recorded among the " men on 
the ground at Wilkesbarry, on the Susquehanna, belonging 
to New England, April 12, 1770; and the name of David 
Reynolds appears as a witness to the articles of capitulation 
of Fort Durkee, November 14, 1769, also in the list of tax- 
ables in 1777 in Wilkes-Barre and Plymouth, and in 1778 
in the Plymouth list. It is not known whether he took part 
in the battle of Wyoming, but from the fact that his brother 
William was slain in that engagement and that David was 
one of the garrison of the block house in Plymouth during 
the winter and spring succeeding the battle, it would seem 
probable that he was in the battle. The family was located 
as early as 1771 in Plymouth, at which time the name of 
William appears on the list of settlers, and where a tract 
of land was allotted him known as " Reynolds' Pitch." 
Their residence in Plymouth was continuous from the year 
1 77 1, with the exception of the time of the flight after the 
battle, and the expulsion in 1784 by the Pennamite troops, 
on both of which occasions the dwelling house and barns 
were destroyed by fire. William Reynolds, Sr., appears in 
"A list of the Militia belonging; to Col. Nathan Denison's 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 21 

regiment in a detachment commanded by Zebulon Butler, 
Colonel," June 21 — October 1, 1778. David Reynolds died 
in Plymouth July 8, 18 16, aged eighty-two years. 

Benjamin Reynolds, the son of David, was born in Ply- 
mouth, Pa., February 4, 17S0. Benjamin was sixth in de- 
scent in line of William (David 5, William 4, James 3, James 
2, William 1, 1637). In the maternal line he was descended 
from James Greene, of Rhode Island, the ancestor of Gen- 
eral Nathaniel Greene. Benjamin Reynolds was one of the 
prominent men of Plymouth. For many years he held the 
office of justice of the peace, and was elected sheriff of the 
county in 1831. As a friend to the cause of education and 
religion he did much during a long and useful life toward the 
promotion of its interest in his native village. In 1 Soo he mar- 
ried Lydia Fuller, a descendant of the Mayflower family of 
that name, three of her ancestors having been members of the 
company of Pilgrims who landed on Plymouth Rock in 1620. 
She was seventh in the line of Edward (Joshua 6, Joseph 5, 
Joseph 4, John 3, Samuel 2, Edward 1). The last two were 
of the Mayflower. In another line she was descended from 
Rev. John Lothropp, who, fleeing from the oppression of 
Archbishop Laud, came to America in Winthrop's company. 
Benjamin Reynolds died in Plymouth February 22, 1854. 
The children of Benjamin Reynolds and Lydia Fuller Rey- 
nolds, his wife, were William C. Reynolds, the father of the 
subject of this sketch; Hannah, wife of Andrew Bedford, 
M. D., of Waverly, Pa., the mother of George R. Bedford, 
of the Luzerne bar ; Chauncey A. Reynolds, the father of 
the late Lazarus Denison Reynolds, of the Luzerne bar ; 
Elijah W. Reynolds, father of John B. Reynolds, of the Lu- 
zerne bar; J. Fuller Reynolds, father of H. B. Reynolds, of 
the Luzerne bar; Clara Reynolds; Emily, .wife of R. H. 
Tubbs, M. D., of Kingston ; and Abram H. Reynolds. 

William Champion Reynolds, the father of Sheldon Rey- 
nolds, was the eldest son of Benjamin and Lydia Fuller 



22 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 

Reynolds, and was born in Plymouth, Pa., in December, 
1801. He received his education at the schools near his 
home and the old Wilkes-Barre Academy, where he was 
prepared to enter the sophomore class of Princeton College. 
His purpose of securing a collegiate education, which he had 
long cherished, had to be given up owing to lack of means ; 
and after leaving the academy, at the age of eighteen, 
he secured the position of school teacher in his native vil- 
lage and continued in the work of teaching until, by means 
of his savings and some aid received from his father, 
he was able to embark in the coal business. In 1820 he 
began shipping coal to Harrisburg and Columbia ; and after 
four years spent in this pursuit, his experience and the 
measure of success which had attended his efforts enabled 
him to extend the range of his business so as to compre- 
hend in addition to coal the shipping to market of other 
products of the region. About this time he associated him- 
self in business with his kinsman, Henderson Gaylord, un- 
der the firm name of Gaylord & Reynolds, and they entered 
actively upon the business of mining and shipping of coal and 
the shipping of grain and lumber. The changes that have 
been wrought in the industrial interests of this community 
within the last thirty years by means of railroads, canals, 
and modern machinery have been so great that in order to 
understand the condition of affairs at the time of which we 
are speaking, a few words in explanation may be necessary. 
Before the building of the North Branch Canal the only 
means of outlet for the products of this region, mainly grain , 
lumber and coal, were those afforded by the Susquehanna 
river and the Easton and Wilkes-Barre turnpike. During 
the spring and fall freshets in the river many small fleets of 
rafts and arks bore to the markets of Harrisburg, Columbia, 
Baltimore, and other less important places, the products of 
the farms and mines that during the intervening seasons had 
been made ready for shipment and awaited this method of 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 23 

transportation. The market at Easton was not so much 
resorted to except in winter, when the snow made comuni- 
cation less difficult ; and then the trade was confined to 
grain in comparatively small quantities. The main markets 
were the river towns, as they were called, and the river was 
the highway upon which the great bulk of the commodities 
was carried. The region being in such a measure cut off 
from the markets, another cause operated to retard in a fur- 
ther degree its development. Money was so scarce that little 
business could be transacted by means of it, and recourse 
was had to barter, by which method nearly all business was 
carried on. Wheat being taken in exchange more readily 
than any other product of the farm, it became the staple 
product, and was grown in large quantities wherever the 
land was adapted for this purpose ; it served as a medium 
of exchange, and answered many of the purposes of money 
in local traffic. The isolation of the place arising from the 
causes mentioned rendered of little avail its vast natural 
resources, and restricted its products to the home trade. 
Under these conditions the establishment of a market that 
should enable a producer to realize upon the product of 
his labor became a question of general concern. The river, 
as said before, was the main highway ; but the vicissitudes 
of river traffic, involving losses that frequently ate up the 
margin of profits, deterred many from engaging in the busi- 
ness. Some who had made the attempt suffered great 
losses ; others had abandoned the enterprise after a short 
trial of its uncertainties ; a few, however, through energy 
and foresight, were enabled to succeed, and by the estab- 
lishment of a permanent shipping business on the river, 
created a market for the products of the region. The 
firm of Gaylord & Reynolds engaged with great energy in 
the shipping business. In connection with this business 
they established a general store in Plymouth and another 
in Kingston, where they bought and stored for shipment 



24 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 

large quantities of grain, the supplies being drawn from a 
section of country many miles in extent. Grain was also 
bought in the vicinity for future delivery at the place of 
shipment. From their mines in Plymouth they mined and 
stored coal in sufficient quantity to supply, in part, during 
the time navigation was practicable, an increasing demand 
for that fuel, a market for which depended largely upon the 
certainty of supply. After the completion of the canal to 
Nanticoke, connecting this section with the canal system of 
the state, much of the river traffic was transferred to that 
avenue, and the trade increased largely. In 1835 the firm 
of which Mr. Reynolds was a member was dissolved by 
mutual consent, and he continued the business until 1854, 
when, the trade having reached such proportions that the 
canals afforded insufficient facilities for transportation, he 
retired from active participation in the business and entered 
upon the project of providing better means of reaching the 
markets. Believing that communication by rail would an- 
swer in the highest degree the demands of the increasing 
trade, and in addition to enhancing the value of coal lands, 
would also promote all other industrial interests of this re- 
gion, he, together with Henderson Gaylord, the late Chief 
Justice Woodward, William Swetland, Samuel Hoyt, and 
others, whose interests lay mainly in the development of the 
mineral resources of the locality, secured the charter for 
and proceeded to build the Lackawanna and Bloomsburg 
Railroad, extending from Scranton to Sunbury, forming 
connection at the former place with the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad, and to the southward with the 
Catawissa, Williamsport and Erie, and other roads, thereby 
opening a market for the coal of the Wyoming region reach- 
ing from the seaboard to the great lakes and the west. He 
served several years in succession as president of this corpo- 
ration, his first term beginning in 1854, the year active op- 
erations were begun in the building and equipment of the 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 2$ 

road, and continued in the office until the completion of the 
enterprise, when, at his own request, he was relieved from 
the duties of the chief executive office, but continued as a 
director until the year 1S65. 

In his political belief Mr. Reynolds was a democrat of the 
Jefferson school, and when a young man took an active part 
in the management of the affairs of his party. He was 
elected to the legislature, and, together with his colleague, 
Henry Stark, represented this district for the term 1836-38, 
which included the territory now embraced within the limits 
of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming counties. At that 
time the question of internal improvements was one of the 
chief subjects that engrossed the attention of the people. 
The development of the natural resources and the commercial 
interests of the state by means of avenues of intercommuni- 
cation — the system of canals, slackwater navigation and turn- 
pikes — had been undertaken by the state government nearly 
a score of years before, and the benefits which were expected 
to accrue to this section by the extension and completion of 
this work made it a question of the highest importance to 
the people here. Mr. Reynolds' business experience had 
made him well acquainted with the need of the proposed 
improvements and the great purposes they might subserve, 
and he assumed the duties of the office to which he had 
been chosen well fitted to represent the interests of this dis- 
trict. He advocated all measures relating to the plan of 
internal improvements, and labored to bring about its exten- 
sion throughout this section of the state. 

Among the important bills he introduced having relation 
to this subject was one granting authority to the Lehigh 
Coal and Navigation Company to build a railroad to con- 
nect the head of navigation on the Lehigh River with the 
North Branch Canal at Wilkes -Barre. The bill was a com- 
promise measure, releasing the company from the operation 
of certain clauses of its charter bearing upon the extension 



26 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 



of its system of slack-water navigation, but making obliga- 
tory the building of the railroad to Wilkes-Barre. Work 
was begun on the road in 1838, and completed five years 
later. It was one of the first railroads built in this part of 
the state, and its completion was looked upon with great 
satisfaction by the people as a principal factor in the prog- 
ress and improvement of the place ; and that their expecta- 
tions were not disappointed is shown in the present usefulness 
of this highway, which, after nearly fifty years of continuous 
operation, still serves to carry to market a large part of the 
products of the mines of the vicinity. 

^ The course Mr. Reynolds pursued as representative, and 
his efforts in furthering the system of internal improvements, 
were favorably recognized by his constituents in a number 
of public meetings by resolutions expressing the high regard 
in which they held his services. The discharge of thedu- 
ties of representative and the cares incident to the office 
required more time and attention than he corld spare from 
the demands of an active business life, and at the expiration 
of his term he declined a renomination to the office. 

In 1840 and for several years thereafter he served, by the 
appointment of the auditor general, as manager of the 
Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company, representing the interests of 
the state in that corporation. He was appointed in 1841 
associate judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne 
county for the term of five years, succeeding in that position 
William S. Ross, and having for his colleague Charles D. 
Shoemaker. He was chosen a trustee of the Wyoming 
Seminary in 1845, the second year after the establishment 
of the school by the Wyoming Conference of the Methodist • 
Episcopal Church, and, although a member of a different 
religious denomination, was continued in the board of man- 
agement by successive elections for thirteen years. At 
the time of his death he was a director of the Wyoming 
National Bank. 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 27 

Judge Reynolds was a man of correct business habits, 
far-seeing judgment, industry, and economy. His taste for 
literature led him to devote to its study much of the time 
he spared from business cares, and his kindly temperament 
and cultured mind, united with a fine conversational gift, 
rendered him a most agreeable companion and friend. He 
married, June 19, 1832, Jane Holberton Smith. Their chil- 
dren were G. Murray Reynolds, Charles Denison Reynolds, 
Elizabeth, wife of Col. R. Bruce Ricketts, Sheldon Reynolds, 
and Benjamin Reynolds. Judge Reynolds died in Wilkes- 
Barre, January 25, 1869, aged 67 years. Mrs. Reynolds 
died March 6, 1874. 

The father of Mrs. Reynolds, the wife of William C. Rey- 
nolds, was John Smith, a resident of Derby, Conn., where he 
was born April 22, 1781. In 1806 he removed with his 
family to Plymouth, Pa., having prior to his setting out 
formed a partnership with his brother Abijah for the pur- 
pose of mining and shipping coal. They were the first in 
point of time who engaged in the continuing industry of the 
mining of anthracite coal. There were others who made 
the attempt on the Lehigh, but the obstacles and discour- 
agements which stood in the way proved too great, and the 
work had to be given up. It was not resumed until about the 
year 1820. The Smith brothers shipped their first ark of 
coal in the fall of 1807 to Columbia, and followed it the next 
year with several others. Prior to 1807 the use of anthra- 
cite coal as a fuel was confined almost exclusively to furnaces 
and forges using an air blast, notwithstanding the fact that 
Oliver Evans had in 1S02, and even before that time, demon- 
strated on several occasions that the blast was unnecessary 
for the domestic use of coal, and had successfully burned 
the fuel in an open grate, and also in a stove, without an 
artificial draft. In order to create a market for this fuel, it 
became necessary to show that it could be used for domes- 
tic purposes as well as in furnaces and forges ; that it was 



28 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 

a better and more convenient fuel than wood, and that its use 
was attended with no difficulties. To accomplish this the 
Smiths went with their coal arks sent to market in 1808, 
and took with them a stone mason and several grates, with 
the purpose of setting the grates in the public houses, where 
they might make known the utility of their fuel. In several 
houses in Columbia and in other towns the fire-places for 
burning wood were changed by them and fitted for the uses 
of coal, and coal fires were lighted, careful instructions being 
given meanwhile in the mysteries of a stone coal fire. After 
much perseverance and expense in providing coal and grates 
to demonstrate the valuable qualities of the new fuel, they 
disposed of a small part of their cargo and left the rest to be 
sold on commission. Nothwithstanding the thorough man- 
ner in which they had set about the introduction of coal as 
a fuel for domestic uses, it was several years before all ob- 
stacles to its use were overcome and they were able to gain 
a profit from the enterprise. It seems to be the common 
belief that the anthracite coal trade had its rise on the Le- 
high in the year 1820, when three hundred and sixty-five 
tons of coal were carried to market ; yet, as a matter of fact, 
the industry was begun at Plymouth thirteen years before ; 
and as early as 18 12 the Smiths had sent coal to New York 
city, where in that year they delivered and sold two hundred 
tons, and for eight years prior to the beginning of the coal 
business on the Lehigh their annual shipments were consid- 
erably in excess of the first year's product of the Lehigh 
region. 

The old and tedious method of mining coal by means of 
the wedge and pick was in the year 181 8 done away with 
by the Messrs. Smith, who first made use of the powder 
blast, which greatly facilitated the work of mining and more- 
over added to the productiveness of the mines. Before this 
time it was believed that the powder blast was imprac- 
ticable, for the reason that the cohesion of the mineral was 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. ' 29 

thought not to be great enough to make this means effect- 
ive. However, the success of the experiment was unques- 
tioned and the general use of powder in the mining of coal 
soon followed. Abijah Smith retired in 1825. John con- 
tinued the business until 1845, when he also withdrew, hav- 
ing been actively and continuously engaged in the industry 
since 1807. In connection with the mining operations he 
had established a grist mill, and in the year 1834 he placed 
in this mill a steam engine to supply the power, which until 
then had been furnished by water. This engine was the 
first one in use in the county. He died May 7, 1852, aged 
seventy-one years. Hon. John B. Smith, of Kingston, is 
the son of Abijah Smith. 

Sheldon Reynolds, the third son of Hon. William C. Rey- 
nolds, was born in Kingston, Pa., February 22, 1845. His early 
education was acquired at the Luzerne Presbyterian Insti- 
tute, at Wyoming, Pa., and at the Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, Pa. He was prepared for College at the Hopkins 
Grammar School, at New Haven, Conn., and entered Yale 
College in 1863; was graduated B. A. from that institution 
in 1867, and in due course received the degree of M. A. In 
1868-69 ne studied at the Columbia College Law School, 
and afterwards read law in the office of Andrew T. McClin- 
tock, LL. D., and was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county 
October 16, 1871, having passed a creditable examination 
before the committee, consisting of Henry M. Hoyt, H. W. 
Palmer, and E. S. Osborne. Mr. Reynolds married, No- 
vember 23, 1876, Annie Buckingham Dorrance, only daugh- 
ter of Colonel Charles Dorrance, a descendant of Rev. Sam- 
uel Dorrance. Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds have one son, Dor- 
rance Reynolds, born September 9, 1877. 



30 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 

The following sketch of Mr. Reynolds was prepared by Geo. B. Kulp, Esq., 

AND IS REPRINTED FROM "FAMILIES OF WYOMING VALLEY," PAGE 7S6 : 

" Something more than a mere passing acquaintance is 
necessary to an understanding and appreciation of the legal, 
professional, and general capacity of Mr. Reynolds. His 
unobtrusiveness is not only unusual to the calling, but is 
misleading as to his qualifications. He has been an earnest 
and conscientious student, has possessed himself of a thor- 
ough understanding of the principles of the law, is well 
read in the decisions and the statutes, and adds to these 
qualifications for practice an intuitive understanding of men 
and affairs equal to the best. Despite, however, this admi- 
rable equipment for distinguished success in the practice of 
the law, Mr. Reynolds has discouraged rather than invited 
clients, being fortunately well enough off in this world's 
goods to afford that course, and devotes a good portion of 
his time and attention to general business and scientific pur- 
suits. He is president of the Wyoming National Bank, the 
Wilkes-Barre Electric Light Company, the Wilkes-Barre 
District Telegraph and Messenger Company, and other cor- 
porations. He has business interests in other directions in 
Wilkes-Barre and at Plymouth. In all these undertakings 
he is looked up to by his fellow investors as an unusually 
intelligent and safe counsellor and guide. Like nearly all 
of the family and name in this vicinity, he is a democrat in 
politics, and for years has taken a deep and at times a very 
active interest in his party's behalf. He was chairman of the 
county committee in 1881, and no man who ever held the 
position labored more earnestly or with better appreciation 
of its requirements. He introduced a number of reforms 
into the management of the party, reducing it to regular 
business methods, and in that way secured and maintained 
during his incumbency an admirable organization. He tried 
the efficacy of honest methods in the management of the 
campaign — the use of the funds placed in his hands by the 



THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 3 1 

candidates and others for the expenses of the canvass, for 
such purposes only as were strictly within the statutes and 
the rule of fair dealing as between man and man. The ven- 
ture was successful, for, notwithstanding there was a third 
ticket in the field, the Labor-Greenback, deriving its main 
strength from the democratic party, the democratic ticket 
was elected, and the chairman of the committee submitted 
an account in detail, together with the vouchers of all ex- 
penditures connected with the campaign, by whom they 
were audited and approved. This is believed to have been 
the first instance of accounting and auditing under like cir- 
cumstances. Mr. Reynolds was chairman of the city com- 
mittee in 1880, and his administration was equally clean and 
effective. At the expiration of his term he was solicited to 
continue in these positions, but his other engagements pre- 
vented his doing so. The thoughts of many in the party 
naturally turned to Mr. Reynolds, in 1884, as a proper can- 
didate for state senator for the twenty-first district, to suc- 
ceed Hon. Eckley B. Coxe. It was universally conceded 
that he would fill the position admirably — that he possessed 
just the qualifications needed in the representative of one of 
the most important industrial districts in the state, in the 
higher branch of the state legislature. He was repeatedly 
urged to permit the use of his name as a candidate, but the 
conditions of the contest were such as, much to the regret 
of a very large and influential section of the party, to impel 
him to decline. Those who know Mr. Reynolds well uni- 
versally admit that he would grace any public position to 
which he might consent to be called. 

Much of his time and energies are, and for years have 
been, given gratuitously to the maintenance and advance- 
ment of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 
For years the most intimate friend and associate of the 
late Harrison Wright, who was admittedly the most useful 
and indispensable member of the society named, Mr. Rey- 



32 THE REYNOLDS FAMILY. 

nolds shared all the other's love for and enthusiasm in the 
prosecution of its researches incident to its purposes. They 
were close partners in almost every undertaking ventured 
in its behalf, and two men never worked together more har- 
moniously or, combining their opportunities, more success- 
fully, for a given end. He is one of the trustees of the 
Society, has long served in other official capacities and on 
its most important committees, and has for a number of 
years been its corresponding secretary. A paper from his 
pen on the shell beds of the Wyoming Valley, contained in 
a recent publication of the Society, exhibits at once the skill 
and industry of the enthusiastic geologist and antiquarian 
and his creditable literary ability. He has also contributed 
a number of other papers, published in the collections of the 
Society and also in pamphlet form, among others, an article on 
'The City of Wilkes-Barre," in Tenth Census United States, 
'History of the First Presbyterian Church of Wilkes-Barre," 
in History of the Lackawanna Presbytery. Mr. Reynolds 
is one of a small coterie of men the Historical Society could 
ill afford to lose. He is a trustee, also, of the Osterhout 
Free Library, and is one of the most energetic and useful of 
its guardians. He is also a life member of the Pennsylvania 
Historical Society, Franklin Institute, and the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society ; member of the Virginia 
Historical Society, Bangor Historical Society, American As- 
sociation for the Advancement of Science, and is at present 
president of the Yale Alumni Association of Northeastern 
Pennsylvania. In 1875-76 he was a school director in the 
Third school district of this city. With all the duties we 
have mentioned, and others, to tax his time and capacity, 
Mr. Reynolds' life is one of active, hard work, performed 
not from necessity but in response to the promptings of a 
natural ambition to be active and useful. He is withal a 
genial gentleman, whom it is a genuine pleasure to know 
socially." 



33-3 ¥ 



PART II. 






RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 35 

RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 



WYOMING NATIONAL BANK. 

At a special meeting of the board of directors of the Wyo- 
ming National Bank, held on Monday, February n, 1895, 
the following resolution was adopted: 

It is with feelings of the deepest sadness that the directors 
of the Wyoming National Bank are called upon to record the 
death of their president, Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., which 
occurred on Friday, February 8, 1895. 

Mr. Reynolds' connection with the bank, first as a director 
in 1884, and afterwards from 1892 as its chief officer, was 
most intimate, and has left the impress of his marked per- 
sonality upon both the management and the executive de- 
partment of the institution. j^CV7t>OoCJ 

No one of the many able and influential members of the 
board, who in times past have given character and standing 
to the bank, was the superior of our late president, and few 
of them his equal, in the sterling qualities of foresight, calm- 
ness, unerring judgment, critical acumen, and above all, 
high moral purpose in all his actions. 

Mr. Reynolds' death occurred in the prime of life, when 
the study and preparation of his earlier years were in full 
fiuition, and when his cultured mind and firm guidance were 
most needed by this institution and the community at large. 

While we would not question the ruling of a Divine Prov- 
idence in thus removing from our midst one so dear to us 
and one whose wise counsel we deemed of such inestimable 
value, we do, in our heartfelt sorrow, mourn our loss, and 
carry with us the lasting memory of one whose every 
thought and action were tempered with courtesy and kind- 
ness, and who gave his strongest devotion to the cause for 
which he labored and the friends with whom he served. 



36 RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 

It is our privilege and duty to endeavor in the future to 
profit by the example he has set before us of integrity, single- 
ness of purpose and strict honor in our dealings with our 
fellow men, so that the mantle which he has cast aside may 
fall upon our shoulders, and that when our summons comes 
we may, in a degree at least, deserve some of the encomi- 
ums that will be heaped upon the tablet of his memory. 

And it is resolved that we extend to his bereaved family 
our truest sympathy in their great sorrow, and our hope 
that the remembrance of the esteem in which their loved 
one was held by all who knew him, may lighten somewhat 
the burden of their grief. 

Irving A. Stearns, 
Charles D. Foster, 
Andrew H. McClintock, 

Committee. 

LAW AND LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. 

Whereas, The Wilkes-Barre Law and Library Associa- 
tion has learned with sincere regret of the death of Sheldon 
Reynolds, Esq., one of its members, and it desires to express 
its appreciation of him as a man, a citizen and a lawyer : 

Resolved, That in the death of Sheldon Reynolds this 
community has lost a man whose services were given un- 
selfishly in any position to which he was called. 

That the city of Wilkes-Barre has lost a public-spirited 
citizen, ever alive to her best interests, and who took an 
active part in establishing and maintaining her industries, 
and who at the time of his death was at the head of several 
of her most important institutions. 

That the bar of Luzerne county has lost a learned lawyer, 
who, although not engaged in active practice, was a member 
of this association, kept in touch with all matters pertaining 
to the profession, and had its honor and best interests at 
heart. 



RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 37 

Resolved, That we deeply deplore the loss of such a val- 
uable member of society, and that we sympathize with his 
family in their affliction, and that the secretary of this asso- 
ciation communicate to them these resolutions, and that the 
same be published in the papers of this city. 

John T. Lenahan, 
Wm. C. Price, 
J. B. Woodward, 

Committee. 

WYOMING VALLEY CHAPTER DAUGHTERS OF THE 
AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 

At a meeting of the Wyoming Valley Chapter, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, held Monday evening, Febru- 
ary 18, 1895, the following resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

Whereas, The Wyoming Valley Chapter, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, has learned with profound regret 
of the death of Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., a member of its 
Advisory Board, 

Resolved, That in his death the Society has lost a beloved 
friend and wise counsellor. 

Resolved, That to his interest in the Society this Chapter 
is largely indebted for its formation and maintenance, and 
through his influence and kindness the Chapter is now per- 
mitted to use the rooms of the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society for its meetings. 

Resolved, That we extend our sincere sympathy to his 
family in their affliction, that a copy of these resolutions be 
published in the city papers and that the secretary present 
a copy to Mrs. Reynolds and enter the same on the minutes 
of this meeting. 

Sarah R. B. Woodward, 
Mary L. R. Hand, 
Martha H. Corss, 

Committee. 



38 RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 

OSTERHOUT FREE LIBRARY. 

From the minutes of the Board of Trustees of the Oster- 
hout Free Library, February 22, 1895. 

The president announced the death of our late secretary, 
Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., who has been most closely identi- 
fied with this association since the beginning, and therefore, 
on motion, appointed Henry A. Fuller, Esq., Rev. F. B. 
Hodge, D. D., and A. H. McClintock, Esq., a committee to 
draft resolutions expressing the feelings of the board at the 
loss it has sustained. 

The committee reported the following minute : 

The death of Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., though expected, 
falls with painful shock upon each member of this board, 
for we all held him in peculiar endearment. While only a 
memorial can do proper justice to his life and character, 
we desire to record a few simple words sincerely expressive 
of his worth and of our loss. With an intellect of finest 
quality which showed the fruits of thorough scholarship and 
broad culture, he united a practical common sense which 
was remarkable for sagacity and clearness of vision. In 
every emergency he knew what to do, and how it should 
be done. Modest, yet never shrinking from duty ; gentle, 
yet always keen to resent injustice or imposition ; genial, 
yet ever dignified, a most winning personality, he was ad- 
mired and loved by all who knew him. It is fitting to place 
this testimonial upon the records of an institution which 
was largely the work of his hands, and was ever an object 
of his special devotion. 



, WILKES-BARRE ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY. 

At a meeting of the Wilkes-Barre Electric Light Com- 
pany, held February 11, 1895, to take action on the recent 
death of Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., president of the company, 



RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 



39 



the following preamble and resolution were presented, 
unanimously adopted, and ordered to be spread upon the 
minutes : 

Prompted by a desire for progressive municipal improve- 
ment, Mr. Reynolds was one of the organizers of this com- 
pany. He became a member of the board of directors in 
1883, and was elected president in 1888, since which time 
he occupied that office by continuous re-election. 

Inflexibly honest ; possessed of rare intellectual endow- 
ments, and a wonderful capacity for patient analysis in sift- 
ing the minute details of complicated mechanical and scien- 
tific problems; intimately connected with the larger financial 
and business interests of the community ; and gifted with 
executive ability of the highest quality, Mr. Reynolds im- 
pressed his strong yet gentle personality upon the affairs of 
this company, and by his constant, vigorous effort helped 
to establish its successful and stable existence. His death 
in the noon-tide of his labors, falls with special severity upon 
this board. We will miss the genial, kindly spirit, the ma- 
ture judgment, the considerate and wise counsel with which 
he helped our deliberations and guided the direction of our 
business. 

As indicating the formal respect of this board, for the 
memory of our late president, it is 

Resolved, That the foregoing minute be spread upon the 
records, that the secretary of the company be instructed to 
forward a copy thereof to the family of Mr. Reynolds, 
coupled with the expression of our heartfelt sympathy, and 
that the offices of the company be draped in mourning for 
thirty days. 



40 RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF VIRGINIA. 

The following sketch represents the action of the Histor- 
ical Society of Virginia on the death of Mr. Reynolds : 

Sheldon Reynolds, one of Wilkes-Barre's (Pa.) best known 
and most representative citizens, died last winter at Saranac 
Lake, New York, whither he had gone in the hope of se- 
curing some benefit for a pulmonary trouble which had 
strongly developed itself. 

The Reynolds family is of English extraction. They 
came to Litchfield, Conn., in 1750, and were among the 
first Wyoming Valley settlers in 1769. William and David 
Reynolds were in the Wyoming Massacre, the former being 
killed. Benjamin Reynolds, grandfather of Sheldon Rey- 
nolds, was born in Plymouth in 1780. He was one of the 
most prominent citizens of the Valley. 

Mr. Reynolds was president of the Wyoming National 
Bank, the Wilkes-Barre Electric Light Company, the Wyo- 
ming Historical and Geological Society, ex-president of the 
Wilkes-Barre Water Company, and president of the Wyo- 
ming Commemorative Association. He had business inter- 
ests in other directions in Wilkes-Barre and at Plymouth. 
Like nearly all of the family, he was a Democrat in politics, 
and for years had taken a deep and at times active interest 
in that party's behalf. He was chairman of the county 
committee in 1881, and no man who ever held the position 
labored more earnestly or with greater appreciation of its 
requirements. Introducing a number of reforms into the 
management of the party, he reduced it to regular business 
methods, and in that way secured during his incumbency 
an admirable organization. 

Much of his time and energies were given for years gra- 
tuitously to the maintenance and advancement of the Wyo- 
ming Historical and Geological Society. He contributed a 
number of valuable papers published in the collections of 



RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 4 1 

the Society. He was one of the most useful and energetic 
guardians of the Osterhout Free Library. He was a life 
in ember of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, Franklin 
Institute, and the Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety; member of the Virginia Historical Society, Bangor 
Historical and American Association for the Advancement 
of Science. 

The last literary work he did was writing a paper on the 
Early Forts of the Wyoming Valley, a work which em- 
ployed many hours of his last illness, and which was a 
thorough, comprehensive and brilliant exposition of the 
subject. 

He was in all affairs with which he was connected looked 
up to as a man of sound judgment, clear intuition, and re- 
markable executive ability — honored by the community, 
respected by all who knew him, and a great favorite among 
his intimate friends. 

(Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. Ill, p. 300-301.) 



YALE COLLEGE. 

The following brief sketch is from the obituary notices of 
Yale College for 1895 : 

Sheldon Reynolds was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., on 
February 22, 1845, tne son °f Judge William C. Reynolds, 
and the descendant of early settlers in the Wyoming Valley. 

He studied law and was admitted to practice in his native 
city, but although he had an admirable equipment for suc- 
cess in his profession, not being obliged to depend upon it 
for an income, he preferred to devote his time to general 
business and to literary and scientific pursuits. He had 
rare business qualifications and possessed the absolute con- 
fidence of the community in which he lived. He took a 
deep interest in historical matters, and a special pride in the 



42 RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE. 

Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, to the pub- 
lished volumes of which he made valuable contributions; 
he was the president of this society at the time of his death. 
He was a democrat in politics and had served usefully on 
local committees, but declined nomination for more public 
positions. 

He had been in poor health for four or five years before 
his death, and his last illness, from pulmonary trouble, dated 
from the spring of 1894. He died at Saranac Lake, N. Y., 
on February 8, 1895, at the age of 50. 

He married Miss Annie B. Dorrance, of Wilkes-Barre, on 
November 23, 1875, who survives him with an only son. 



1-3 



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FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, 

WILKES-P.ARRE, PA. 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 45 

HISTORY 

OF THE 

FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, 

WILKES-BARRE, PA. 



The following valuable paper was prepared by Mr. Rrynolds in 1894 to be 
read at the twenty-fifth anniversary of the pastorate of rev. f. b. 
Hodge, D. D., which occurred on the 25TH of Feburary, 1894. Owing to 
Mr. Reynolds' illness it was read on the occasion mentioned by George 
R. Bedford, Esq. 

The history of the First Presbyterian Church during many- 
years after its organization in 1772, is so interwoven with 
the history of the settlement of Wyoming, as to be nearly 
identical therewith. The growth, progress and success of 
the Church, in any community, is dependent upon the pros- 
perity and well being of its friends and supporters. Any 
circumstances that work to the detriment of the people that 
disturb their peace, rob them of the fruits of their labor and 
destroy their homes, in like manner impoverish the Church 
and jeopardize its interest. Moreover, the character and 
traditions of the people, their condition in life, their geo- 
graphical location in relation to foreign intercourse and in- 
fluences must impress certain characteristics upon the reli- 
gious society of such a community and thereby endow it 
with an activity and power capable of worthy achievements, 
or else deprive it of influence and impair its usefulness. We 
may glance, therefore, at the conditions under which this 
Church was organized and the circumstances that imperiled 
both the Church and the community. 

The controversy between the Connecticut settlers and the 
proprietary government involving the political jurisdiction 
of Wyoming, began, with the first attempts to form a settle- 
ment within the territory, but after a few years gave place, 



4-6 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

for the time being, to the exciting events of the revolution- 
ary war, the chief of which, concerning the people here, was 
the battle and massacre of Wyoming. 

At the close of the war the old controversy, now inherited 
by the state of Pennsylvania, was renewed with resolute 
purpose and increased bitterness, the demoralizing effects 
of which continued to be felt until the beginning of the pres- 
ent century. 

Governor Hoyt, in his Brief of Title in the Seventeen 
Townships, says : "The controversy herein attempted to be 
set forth, one hundred years ago, was raging with great 
fierceness, evoked strong partisanships, and was urged, on 
both sides, by the highest skill of statesmen and lawyers. 
In its origin it was a controversy over the political jurisdic- 
tion and right of soil in a tract of country containing more 
than five millions of acres of land, claimed by Pennsylvania 
and Connecticut, as embraced, respectively, in their charter 
grants. It involved the lives of hundreds, was the ruin of 
thousands, and cost the state millions. It was righteously 
settled in the end. We can now afford to look at it without 
bias or bitter feeling." 

The effects of the controversy continued to be felt by the 
inhabitants until the passage, by the legislature of the state, 
of the Compromise Act of 1 799, causing a sense of insecurity, 
impairing titles and destroying values. The labors of an 
industrious and frugal people for an entire generation were 
neutralized, and their prosperity and growth obstructed. 

The settlers were mainly New England men, excepting 
in the township of Hanover ; these came from Lancaster 
county, Pa. The New England men were Congregational- 
ists and Presbyterians, and those from Lancaster county 
were Presbyterians, originally from the north of Ireland. In 
a sermon preached in 1S53, which we shall have occasion 
to quote frequently, Dr. Dorrance, alluding to the character 
of these people, many of whom he knew, said : "The ances- 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 47 

tors of both the Puritans and the Scotch Presbyterians had 
been tried in the furnace of affliction ; they had suffered per- 
secution in the old world and endured hardships in the new. 
Their principles confirmed by a long and painful experience 
of oppression, privation and war were inherited by their 
children. They were not common men who emigrated to 
this then unknown wilderness of Wyoming to make for 
themselves a home ; their labors, their valor, their constancy 
are above praise. Their moral virtues, honesty, sobriety, 
love of order, humanity and benevolence are abundantly set 
forth in their laws framed and executed by themselves." 
And their patriotism, perhaps their crowning merit, is at- 
tested by the numbers who served in Washington's army 
and the devoted band who fell in defense of their homes at 
Wyoming. 

In a community composed of men and women such as 
these, the Church is wont to exercise an influence and power 
reaching far beyond the sphere commonly attributed to it ; 
an influence that pervades the community and touches the 
hearts and consciences of all Christians, and a power that 
controls, in a measure, the methods and actions of men less 
amenable to its teachings. Moreover, it tends to form pub- 
lic opinion and mould the laws governing the community. 
And while, in appearance, the civil and religious govern- 
ments are separate, they do, in effect, form a union for the 
control and guidance of those under their protection. 

Such seems to have been the relation of the Church and 
people of Wyoming. Deprived of this mutual aid and sup- 
port neither, it is believed, could have survived the succes- 
sion of calamities that befell the little colony. 

We find in the ancient records of the town that the town 
meeting, composed in its membership of the proprietors and 
settlers of the district, deliberated upon and decided all busi- 
ness affecting the welfare of the people, whether of secular 
affairs or that which touched their religious concerns. The 



48 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

minutes of these meetings often contain the action taken to 
provide for the defense of the settlement against the immi- 
nent attack of the enemy, and in the next paragraph record 
the amount to be paid the "settled minister," and the man- 
ner in which his salary is to be raised : "Nov. 1772. Voted 
that those who belong to Hanover shall mount guard in ye 
block-house where Capt. Stewart now lives, and those that 
live in Kingston shall come over and do their duty in ye 
fort at Wilkes-Barre until they shall fortify and guard by 
themselves in Kingston. Voted that Mr. Christopher Avery 
is appointed to collect in those species that ye proprietors 
and settlers have signed to ye support of ye Rev. Mr. Jacob 
Johnson ye year expiring. May, 1773. Voted that there be 
a constant guard kept at the fort in Wilkes-Barre of 12 men 
and that they keep it day and night, and that they be re- 
lieved every 24 hours ; Voted that the ferryman be obliged 
to carry the guard across on free cost ; and the people across 
on Sundays to meeting on free cost." 

In 1768 the Susquehanna Company directed its commit- 
tee to engage the services of a pastor for "carrying on reli- 
gious worship and services according to the best of his abil- 
ity in a wilderness country," who should accompany the 
second colony that set out for Wyoming in the year 1769. 

The minister was to receive, as compensation for his ser- 
vices, "one whole share or right in the purchase and such 
other encouragements as the others were entitled to." The 
settlers were to provide, in addition, "sustenance according 
to the best of their ability." The Rev. Geo. Beckwith, Jr., 
of Lyme, Conn., was selected for the office ; and at a meet- 
ing of the Susquehanna Company held at Hartford, Novem- 
ber 27, 1770, it was voted that the Rev. Geo. Beckwith, Jr., 
of Lyme, be entitled to one whole share in the Susquehanna 
purchase in part pay for his services in the ministry at Wyo- 
ming for the benefit of the settlers there." 

In 1770 the company, realizing that a settled pastor and 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 49 

a permanent Church organization was necessary to the well- 
being of the people, and highly desirable as well for the aid 
and stability it would lend to their colonizing enterprise, 
ordered that for the support of schools and an " orthodox 
gospel ministry" three shares of land in each township 
should be reserved, one for schools, one for the erection of 
a Church and parsonage, and one for the support of a pas- 
tor. Each share thus appropriated was one-fifty-third part 
of a township five miles square, and contained about three 
hundred acres of land, making nine hundred acres in each 
township for these purposes. In addition to this provision 
it was stipulated that the pastor should receive a salary 
which was raised by an assessment on the tax rate. This 
had been the custom in the mother colony, and was con- 
tinued here for some years. 

This manner of raising the money was afterward given 
up owing to some objections urged against it, and the sal- 
ary of the minister was made up by voluntary contribution, 
though the right to lay a tax for this purpose was not ques- 
tioned. 

Mr. Beckwith was a Congregational minister, the son of 
Rev. George Beckwith, of Lyme, who was a minister of some 
note, a graduate and trustee of Yale College. The son, 
George Beckwith, Jr., was born about 1747, and was grad- 
uated from Yale College in 1766. He remained but one 
year in his charge at Wyoming. After leaving this place 
he was ordained pastor of a Congregational Church in what 
was then known as Litchfield South Farms (now Morris), 
Conn. He was dismissed from the pastorate in 178 1, but 
continued to live there until about 1807, when he removed 
to the house of a son in Lisle, N. Y. He died of paralysis 
in Triangle, Broome county, N. Y., in October, 1824. 

He was succeeded by temporary supplies until in 1772 
the Rev. Jacob Johnson was called. Mr. Johnson expressed 
his willingness to come to Wyoming in the following letter : 



50 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

"Groton Septr. 4th 1772. 
"To the People, Setlers in the Towns, on the East Branch of 

the Susquehanna. 
"Brethren & Christian Friends 

"The Country where You are now settleing is undoubt- 
edly within the Claim of Connecticut Charter. And of vast 
importance to the Colony and more peculiarly so to you 
that are settling there not onely on account of your Tem- 
poral Interest but more especially so as it Respects the 
Kingdom of Christ & the Interest of the Christian Religion 
This hath lain with great weight on my Mind for a number 
of years past that I could have no Rest in my Spirit 'till I 
made you a visit And I hope my labors were not in vain 
in the Lord 

"And whereas You have been pleased to Request and De- 
sire me to come again as also to the Comtes at Windham 
have shewn their approbation thereof & full concurrence 
therein — And having opportunity the Day past to Confer 
with Capt Butler on these things as also to receive from him 
a subscription for my Temperal Suppert the Present Year I 
do now in addition to my other Letters Send you this Fur- 
ther to let you know my Purpose and Determination is to 
come and see you To preach the Gospel and Christ unto 
you Provided my way be made plain by the Advise of 
Counsel & Concurrence of church & People here which I 

shall next attend to Our People have had it under 

Consideration for some Time past — I have conferd with 
Some & had the mind of others in the Ministry who all as 
far as I can learn well approve of & think it my Duty to 
Remove I have conferd with Several of our Principal Peo- 
ple both of church and society who much Desire my Con- 
tinuation in the Ministry here But yet appear willing to 
submit to my Remove if it may be for the greater benefit & 
enlargment of Christs Kingdom elsewhere which I doubt 
not will be sufficiently plain & evident before a Counsel If 



FIRST TRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 5 I 

any thing should fall out to the Contrary I shall let you 
know by the first oppertunity In the meantime shall be 
makeing all convenient Readiness to be on my Journey to 
you at lest by the Middle of the next Month or sooner if I 
can get the way open for my Remove. 

"You will I hope provide some Convenient House or Place 
for Public Worship that may best commode the several 
Towns for the Present near unto which a House or Place 
for my Residence untill things are further settled I heartily 
thank you one and all for your Regards Shewn & Kindnesses 
bestowed on me when with you. As also fer the Pro- 
visions you have generously made by subscription Should 
I again come among you I heartily & sincerely pray a Bless- 
ing may descend down from Heaven upon you that the God 
of all Grace & everlasting consolation may be with you 
That He would multiply seed to the sower & Bread to the 
eater that You may increase & fill the Land, be a Terrer to 
all your Enemies a comfort to all your Friends Yea that 
you may be for a Name & Praise in all the Earth So wishes 
So prays Yours in our Lord Jesus Christ 

"Jacob Johnson. 
"To the People at WilksBarre & other Towns on the Sus- 
quehanna East Branch." 

Near the close of the first year of Mr. Johnson's ministry 
an invitation was extended to him to continue as pastor of 
this Church. "August 23d, 1773, at a town meeting, it was 
voted that a call or invitation shall be given to the Rev. Ja- 
cob Johnson, late of Groton, in the Colony of Connecticut, 
who for some time has been preaching in this place, to be- 
come our pastor. II. That Mr. Johnson shall be paid £60 
the year ensuing in the present list, and his salary shall rise 
annually as our list rises until it reaches ,£100. The ensu- 
ing year shall begin on the first day of January, 1774." 

" Voted that Mr. Johnson shall be paid the next four 
months the same proportion that he is to be paid the ensu- 



52 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

ing year," &c. A subsequent resolution provides that Mr. 
Johnson's salary, instead of rising with the list, shall rise five 
pounds per year until it rises to one hundred pounds ; and 
"voted that Messrs. Jos. Sluman, Obediah Gore and Jabez 
Sill be a committee to wait upon Mr. Johnson and shew him 
the proceedings of this meeting and receive his answer." 

The proceedings of the meeting seem to have been satis- 
factory to Mr. Johnson, for he accepted the call and contin- 
ued to be the gospel minister of this Church during the 
remaining years of his life. 

We have no record of the ministry of Mr. Johnson. What- 
ever Church records had been kept were doubtless de- 
stroyed, as were also nearly all other records of the time. 
We know, however, that services were regularly held when 
actual war was not being waged. Prior to 1778 a house of 
worship, called a house for public use, had been built, which 
served the needs of the congregation for a few years, but 
this, in common with most all other buildings, was destroyed 
by the savages at the time of the Battle and Massacre of 
Wyoming. Upon the return of the inhabitants after their 
flight from the valley they seem to have met for worship in 
the school houses, of which there were several, and at the 
humble homes of the settlers. Col. John Franklin, in his 
journal, says: "Sunday, 28 Feb., 1789, I attended meeting 
at Mr. Yarrington's, Mr. Johnson preached" ; and "Sunday, 
28 March, 1789, attended meeting at Yarrington's to hear 
Mr. Johnson." 

The field of labor to which Mr. Johnson had come was 
extended, as from his letter it seems he regarded all the 
towns of the " East Branch" as within his charge. This 
would include Lackawanna on the northeast and Plymouth 
and Hanover on the south and west. He doubtless did 
preach at intervals in these widely separated localities, as 
many of his successors did until as late a date as 1845. 

During these years the Church was self-supporting, the 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 53 

organization was preserved, and its sustaining influences 
were felt in the community. Much more was probably ac- 
complished, but we have now no means of knowing how 
much, or in what way, or by what methods its activity was 
exerted. 

Mr. Johnson was graduated from Yale College in 1740, 
licensed to preach by the Fairfield East Association April 
29, 1742, and became a missionary to the Indians at Cana- 
joharie, New York, whose language he learned and preached 
in it quite fluently. In 1749 he received a call from the 
North Society of Groton, and he remained in charge of the 
Congregational Church at that place until 1772, when he 
resigned and came to Wyoming. He died in Wilkes -Bar re 
March 15, 1797, being nearly yj years of age. Dr. Dor- 
rance says of him : " He was a man of very considerable 
learning, eminent for his piety, and was always highly es- 
teemed." 

The loss of most of the written records of this time is 
sufficient reason for quoting from one of the few that has 
come down to us, viz., the Records of Hanover Township, 
in support of the fact that there was proper consideration 
on the part of the inhabitants of the importance of maintain- 
ing a Church and pastor in each township, in accordance 
with the spirit of the resolutions of the Susquehanna Com- 
pany, before mentioned. At a meeting of the " Proprietors 
of the District of Hanover, legally warned, and held at the 
house of Titus Hinman in said District Mch. 25, 1776. John 
Jameson, moderator, and James Lesley Clerk, * * * 
Voted : that there be left six acres where the committee 
shall think proper for the use of a meeting house and other 
things necessary for public use in the Common as called 
now." It will be remembered this appropriation of land was 
in addition to the 900 acres voted by the Susquehanna Com- 
pany. Again "March 3d, 1778, adjourned meeting at the 
house of Jeremiah Bigsford in said town of Hanover at 10 



54 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

o'clock in the forenoon, Edward Spencer, moderator for the 
said meeting, * * * Voted : Capt. Lazarus Stewart, 
Wm. McKerachen, and Caleb Spencer be a Committee to 
look out and engage a Minister to preach for said District 
the Summer ensuing." Of this committee Capts. Stewart 
and McKerachan were killed in the battle of Wyoming four 
months after this date, as was also Jeremiah Bigsford, at 
whose house the meeting was held ; Edward Spencer, mod- 
erator, was in the battle but escaped with his life. 

A hiatus appears in the records owing to the events which 
followed; and the next entry bearing on the subject is to 
the effect that on January 14, 1790, authority was given to 
trustees of the town to sell the public land, and "Voted : 
The principal sum of said lands when sold is never to be 
broken but still kept on interest and that interest to be 
drawn for the benefit of the Gospel Literature; and the 
principal chargeable on said town," etc. 

Besides the ministrations of the regular pastor, the inhab- 
itants had the benefit of the preaching of other ministers 
who occasionally visited them. The interest of the Congre- 
gationalists of Connecticut in the welfare of a body of peo- 
ple who had recently removed from among them, and with 
whom they had constant communication and frequent inter- 
course, continued for many years, and not infrequently 
ministers of that denomination visited the settlement. The 
Connecticut Missionary Society embraced this region in its 
field of labor and from time to time its missionaries preached 
to the people in the several towns. The Rev. Elias von 
Bunschooten of the German Reformed Church at Minisink 
on the Delaware, seems to have rendered the greatest assist- 
ance in this work ; during many years prior to 1791 he was 
accustomed to visit the valley at intervals, pursuing for weeks 
at a time his self-imposed labors without compensation. 
The date of his first coming is not known. He was instru- 
mental in establishing in 1791 the Congregational Society 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 55 

of Hanover Township. A house of worship had been built 
in that township some time prior to this date and although 
it was uncompleted it served as a place of worship. 

Mr. Von Bunschooten was born October 26, 1738 ; he was 
graduated from Princeton College with the degree of A. B. 
1768; licensed to preach 1773, and settled in the ministry 
first at Shagticoke, afterward at Minisink, finally at New 
Brunswick, N. J., where he died January 10, 1815, and a 
monument was erected to his memory. 

In 1 79 1 services were held in the then new log court 
house on the Public Square ; its use in part as a house of 
worship was continued until the completion, several years 
later, of the Church building known as "Ship Zion." The 
log court house was removed in 1801 to another part of the 
Public Square to make room for the new court house, and 
was afterward occupied and known as the Luzerne County 
Public Academy, the predecessor of the Wilkes-Barre Acad- 
emy. 

Meantime measures were taken by the people to provide a 
Church edifice of their own. At a town meeting held April 
I, 1 79 1, it was "voted : that there be a committee of five ap- 
pointed to point out the spot of ground on which a meeting 
house shall be built, and to draw up a subscription for the 
purpose of raising money to assist the above purpose ; also 
they are to prepare a plan of the building which they are to 
lay before the proprietors at their next meeting, also to re- 
port generally on the subject;" "voted that Zebulon Butler, 
Nathan Waller, Daniel Gore, Timothy Pickering and John 
P. Schott be a committee for the above purpose. Test, 
Arnold Colt, clerk." 

With the exception of the House of Public Worship de- 
stroyed in 1778, and possibly one in Hanover township, this 
was the first effort made by the public to build a Church in 
this vicinity. From the fact that this action was taken by 
a town meeting by a unanimous vote, it seems evident there 



56 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

could have been but few, if any, dissenters from the prevail- 
ing form of religious worship, that is, Congregationalism, or 
as it was then commonly called, Presbyterianism. The 
names of the subscribers to the fund for the erection of the 
building confirm this view, as with a single exception, says 
Dr. Dorrance, there were of this denomination. Neither 
were there any conditions governing the manner of the use 
of the building or providing for its occupancy by any par- 
ticular denomination, which would probably have been the 
case had there been any claim adverse to the Congre- 
gationalists or Presbyterians. In corroboration of this state- 
ment, Dr. Peck in his book on " Early Methodism " says : 
"Rev. Elisha Bibbins had charge of the Wyoming Circuit 
in 1820-21. During the first year, 1820, we had good times 
at most of the appointments, especially at Wilkes-Barre. 
In this place we had to hold our prayer meetings at private 
houses," &c. In 1826 Dr. Peck himself was settled at 
Wilkes-Bar re, and says : "The society had suffered serious 
inconveniences for the want of a suitable place of worship, 
and during the present year they petitioned the county com- 
missioners to give them a lease of a hall in the upper part 
of the court house for a chapel * * * the lease is dated 
March 8, 1827. It held for ten years and the consideration 
is the nominal sum of 10 cents per annum." 

It seems improbable that Dr. Peck's congregation should 
have submitted without a protest to the inconveniences men- 
tioned by him if they had had any claim on Ship Zion, and 
the circumstance is in corroboration of Dr. Dorrance's state- 
ment that the subscribers to the building fund were Con- 
gregationalists with one exception. 

At an adjourned meeting of the proprietors of the town 
of Wilkes-Barre, April 23, 1791, Zebulon Butler, moderator, 
the committee appointed at last meeting "report that in point 
of situation and convenience it is their opinion that opposite 
the court house on the northwest side of Main street is the 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 57 

most eligible place that a meeting house can be erected on. 
They further report a plan of building which they judge 
should be sixty feet in length and forty-five feet wide, with 
a steeple at one end and proportionable high. Also that it 
stand at least three rods from the street. Voted that the 
above report be approved of. Voted that same committee 
be continued for the purpose of raising money by subscrip- 
tion for the building of said meeting house and that they be 
empowered to call a meeting of the proprietors when they 
shall think necessary to make a report of the encourage- 
ment they receive at a future meeting." 

The encouragement the committee met with in their task 
seems to have been of a flattering nature, for, at a meeting 
held on Tuesday, the 13th day of November, 1792, Matthias 
Hollenback, moderator, "The committee appointed to re- 
port on the mode of building a meeting house now report 
in favor of a brick meeting house, which report is accepted ;" 
and the committee is directed to contract for sufficient num- 
ber of brick to build said meeting house to be delivered at 
a suitable time next summer. 

The committee found, however, that the brick were not 
to be had, and so reported to a meeting of August 3, of the 
next year; although the minutes of the same meeting record 
the leasing of the brick yard belonging to the town. Not 
being able to secure brick the committee was directed to 
"proceed immediately to contract for building a stone meet- 
ing house, and that said committee be paid for their ser- 
vices." The subscribers to the fund were ordered to be 
notified to pay one-half the amount of their subscriptions to 
Lord Butler, the treasurer, by the first day of November 
next. 

At a meeting January 10, 1795, the committee were di- 
rected "to proceed and contract for a frame and siding- 
boards, shingles, nails, etc., for to build a frame meeting 
house early next spring." A little later it was deemed ad- 



58 FIRST FRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

visable to take an account of money on hand and subscribed, 
and, if found sufficient, to proceed with the work, otherwise 
to defer it for another year. 

The building was begun in 1800 and enclosed in 1803. 
The principal cause of delay in the building of the meeting 
house was doubtless owing to the controversy in regard to 
the ownership of the lands, or as it was called, the right of 
soil, before mentioned. This question was still unsettled ; 
the confirming act of 1787 that promised to bring about a 
better condition of affairs and to quiet the settlers in their 
possession was repealed April 1, 1790. The people here 
were looked upon as intruders by the state authorities. 
They had not yet secured legal title to their lands. By the 
repeal of the law the Pennsylvania claimants gained a stand- 
ing in court and brought a large number of suits and ex- 
pected to get possession of the disputed land. The people 
were beset with anxiety and misgivings that gave a hope- 
less, or at best, uncertain outlook to the future. It was a 
time of confusion, perplexity and doubt. The compromise 
act of 1799, however, finally put an end to the long contro- 
versy and brought peace and security to the community. 

Judge Conyngham, in his address on the occasion of lay- 
ing the corner stone of the Court House, in 1856, says of 
this building: "The Church w r hich stood near to us on the 
Public Square, and which has been lately taken down, was 
raised in 1800. Its towering and well proportioned spire 
will be long remembered as the landmark which caught the 
eye of the traveler approaching our village by the public 
roads from every direction. The first minister who preached 
in this Church was Rev. Andrew Gray, a Congregational 
clergyman. A Church had been erected previous to this 
time on the hill in Hanover township, and was probably the 
first building exclusively for religious worship put up in the 
county." 

Rev. Andrew Gray was of Irish birth ; he had succeeded 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 59 

Mr. Von Bunschooten in the charge of the Church at Han- 
over, and was settled there in 1792. He married the daugh- 
ter of Capt. Lazarus Stewart. He is spoken of as an elo- 
quent speaker, of a genial temperament, and fond of society. 
He remained but three years in this charge, and then re- 
moved to New York state, and died in Sparta at an ad- 
vanced age. 

Notwithstanding the returning prosperity and the hopeful 
future it proved a difficult task to raise the necessary funds 
to complete the building. The old ferry house was ordered 
sold and the proceeds applied for this purpose. These, 
added to the subscription lists, would not make up the sum 
needed, and recourse was had to a lottery scheme, then a 
common method of raising money for public and quasi-pub- 
lic purposes. The lottery, although it promised well, was 
not a success ; the Church, however, is said to have derived 
some benefit from it, but it entailed a heavy loss upon sev- 
eral worthy men through the lax management of the enter- 
prise. 

It was called the Wilkes-Barre Meeting House and Bank 
Lottery. There were 13,950 tickets to be issued in two 
classes at three and six dollars each respectively, making in 
the aggregate, $55,800, there were 4493 prizes ranging in 
value from $7.50 to $4000, the grand prize ; the aggregate 
amount of prizes equaled the value of the tickets, viz., 
l>55,8oo, subject to a deduction of twenty per cent. The 
twenty per cent, deduction on all prizes and the prizes at- 
tached to the tickets unsold, represented the profits to ac- 
crue from the undertaking. This scheme seemed to meet 
the approval of the public, and was organized by the aid of 
twelve commissioners, who were the most prominent men 
of the town, and whose names were printed on the tickets. 
The drawings were made in February, 1809, and continued 
for several days. Three men were employed as agents to 
sell the tickets and make the drawings. In order that the 



60 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

money arising from the sale of tickets should be accounted 
for, the agents were required to give bonds. Four men of 
means and high standing in the community undertook to 
guarantee the fairness of the drawings and proper applica- 
tion of the money received. The agents, charged with the 
duty of selling tickets, began their work with much energy. 
Tickets were offered in every quarter where there might be 
a chance of disposing of them. Among others the Phila- 
delphia merchants took many tickets in exchange for goods, 
partly to help in a good cause, mainly to increase their trade 
in this region by gaining the friendship of the people here, 
and possibly with some small hope of drawing a prize. 
Tickets were sold elsewhere, far and near, and payments 
were made in almost anything of value : farm produce, horses, 
cattle, chaises, wagons and agricultural implements. This 
method of conducting the business involved the additional 
task of converting these various commodities into cash to 
provide for the payment of the promised prizes, and would, 
even under the most skillful management, confuse the ac- 
counts and bring about loss, but under the stewardship of 
the agents the result was grievous to contemplate. The 
guarantors relying upon the integrity of the agents paid 
little attention to the details of the business until the draw- 
ing took place, at which time it appeared that there was not 
enough money in hand to pay the prizes, the deficit being 
about 513,000. 

The guarantors alarmed by this state of affairs then took 
charge of the business and made an effort to induce the 
ticket holders to bear a share of the loss by agreeing to a 
compromise by which they should receive a less sum than 
the ticket called for. They succeeded, after much work, in 
reducing the amount to about £8000. Most of the Phila- 
delphia merchants readily agreed to the plan in view of the 
unfortunate circumstances. Some, however, demanded the 
full payment ; one in particular, a man known for his close 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 6 1 

dealings, refused all overtures. Some one, however, ex- 
plained to him that in case payment was refused he never 
would dare to go to Wilkes-Barre to enforce his claim, be- 
cause the Yankees up there were the men who went to war 
with the whole state of Pennsylvania ; that they were used 
to fighting Indians, Tories and the British, and that they 
were a very remarkable people and were not to be coerced. 
The man relented. Having reduced the sum to $8000 the 
guarantors borrowed this amount of the branch bank of 
Pennsylvania, at Wilkes-Barre, and paid the prizes, dividing 
the loss among themselves, 52000 each. It is said that in 
those days one might buy the best farm in the valley for 
$2000. On the day of the final settlement and payment of 
the loss by the gentlemen who had made themselves re- 
sponsible, one of the number who lived on Carey avenue, 
set out for his home greatly depressed by the burden he had 
assumed, and meeting his wife at the threshold of his home, 
a lady of many accomplishments, fond of society and very 
hospitable, he said to her, "no more parties until this debt 
is paid," and proceeded to nail a broad plank across the 
front of the door of his house in evidence of his determina- 
tion to economize, which remained there many years, and 
was, perhaps, never removed during his lifetime. 

Before this house of worship was finished efforts were made 
to secure a pastor but they were not attended with success 
until several years later; during this time the pulpit was 
supplied by missionaries sent out under the auspices of the 
Connecticut Missionary Society, as well as others who, under 
temporary engagements, preached from time to time. The 
earliest records of the Church that have been preserved bear 
date July 1 , 1 803. On that date the congregation of Wilkes- 
Barre, augumented by a number of residents of Kingston 
and other neighboring villages, took the name of the Church 
of Wilkes-Barre and Kingston. A Confession of Faith and 
Covenant were adopted and signed by twenty-seven mem- 



62 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

bers of the Church. A little later Hugh Connor, Nehemiah 
Ide and Daniel Hoyt were chosen to the office of deacon. 
During the three years next following, there being no set- 
tled pastor, the pulpit was supplied by missionaries of the 
Connecticut Society, Messrs. Jabez Chadwick and James 
Woodward, and also Mr. Porter, who, at a later period, re- 
moved to Catskill and received the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity — a preacher of talent and celebrity. "Aboutthe time 
of his laboring here Errorists had become bold and pestif- 
erous. Mr. Porter, though a mere youth, fearlessly and 
successfully encountered their Champion in a public debate 
held in an orchard in Plymouth, in the presence of a large 
audience gathered from all points. His companion in one 
of these tours was Rev. D. Harrower, an able and excellent 
minister, who spent over sixty years in the public service of 
his Master." 

In August, 1806, the Rev. Ard Hoyt, of Danbury, was 
ordained and installed pastor of the Church of Wilkes-Barre 
and Kingston; there being at that time thirty-four members. 
Six years later the covenant of the Luzerne Association of 
Congregational Churches was adopted by this Church. Dur- 
ing his pastorate of eleven years eighty-five members were 
added to the Church. Sixty-one on profession and by letter 
from other Churches twenty-four. Mr. Hoyt continued his 
pastoral relations with the Church until November, 1817, at 
which time he resigned his charge. 

Dr. Dorrance, who remembered Mr. Hoyt, says of him : 
"He was a man of sound mind, of energy and firmness of 
character; his youth had been devoted to mechanical em- 
ployments, but being deeply impressed with a sense of 
spiritual things he left his secular calling and entered upon 
a course of study preparatory to preaching the gospel, and 
in due time was inducted into the ministry. Few men have 
exhibited a life so uniformly consistent with their professions. 
With him there was no compromise of duty. He was a 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 63 

fearless preacher of the doctrines of grace. He labored in- 
cessantly, extending his efforts as a missionary throughout 
various parts of the county. The effect of his labors was 
evident in the edification of the Church ; its members were 
thoroughly instructed in every good word and work." On 
the foundations laid by him others have builded with satis- 
faction and confidence and the structure survives with honor 
to all connected with its founding. Mr. Hoyt was born in 
Danbury, Conn., 1770. He was, while resident of Wilkes- 
Barre for seven years, president of the board of trustees of 
the Wilkes-Barre Academy. After his resignation as pastor 
he was appointed a missionary to the Cherokee Nation of 
Indians in the State of Tennessee, where he labored faith- 
fully with much success until his death. He died within 
the present limits of the State of Alabama, February 18, 
1828. 

The year following Mr. Hoyt's departure Mr. Hutchins 
Taylor, a missionary of the New York Evangelical Society, 
was minister in charge. He assumed the duties with a view 
of permanent settlement, and near the close of his term he 
received a formal call to become the pastor of the Church, 
at a salary of 5600. He declined the invitation, as he was 
to assume the same relation to the Kingston congregation, 
now about to form a new Church. The increase in the 
membership of the Church at this time, especially of the 
Kingston part of the congregation, through the preaching 
of Messrs. Taylor and Barrows, seemed to warrant a division 
of the congregation and the organization of another Church. 
Other reasons also for a division were urged by the Kingston 
people. The Presbytery of the Susquehanna accordingly, 
March 2d, 1819, divided the Churches of Wilkes-Barre and 
Kingston, the members in Kingston constituting a separate 
Church, Mr. Hutchins Taylor becoming its first pastor. 
He was a devout, laborious and humble minister; his pas- 



64 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

toral relations with the Kingston Church extended over a 
period of three years. 

The Rev. Eleazer S. Barrows also preached occasionally 
during this time, 18 17 to 1821. He was an eloquent speaker, 
and his preaching proved so acceptable that the congrega- 
tion made an effort to enter into permanent relations with 
him as their settled pastor at a salary of $800, but he, for 
reasons not stated, declined the call. 

The Rev. D. Moulton was stated supply 18 19 and 1820, 
and in the following year he preached in Wilkes-Barre, 
Kingston and Newport. A much worn subscription paper 
bearing the familiar names of many in the congregation at- 
tests the fact that an earnest effort was made to pay Mr. 
Moulton for his services. He may have remained in this 
field of labor for a longer time. 

During the period of five years succeeding 18 17 there 
were added to the Church thirty-seven members and twenty- 
one were dismissed to unite with the Kingston Church. 

Early in the spring of 1S18, the first Sunday School in 
Wilkes-Barre or in this vicinity, was established under the 
auspices of this Church by certain of its members. The 
school soon drew into its ranks persons of other denomina- 
tions ; but the use of the shorter catechism, which had been 
adopted in the beginning, was objected to; and as the teach- 
ing of the catechism was continued notwithstanding, the ob- 
jections, some of the persons of other denominations there- 
upon withdrew, and in the fall of this year organized other 
similar schools. An incident worthy of remark relative to 
the establishment of this Sunday School is that on the occa- 
sion of the fiftieth anniversary of the school, Hon. Oristus 
Collins, the superintendent in 1818, was present and deliv- 
ered an address on the organization and work of the school. 

Mr. Hutchins Taylor having severed his pastoral rela- 
tions with the Church in Kingston, the two Churches again 
uniting, called, June 15, 1821, the Rev. Cyrus Gildersleeve. 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 6$ 

He accepted the call and continued in this charge until 
1S26 when he gave up his relations with the Church in 
Kingston, and thereafter, until the year 1829, was pastor of 
the Wilkes-Barre Church alone. He was succeeded in the 
Kingston Church by Rev. James Wood who had assisted 
him in his labors in the two Churches. Mr. Wood was at 
that time a licentiate from the Theological Seminary at 
Princeton ; he afterwards became a professor in the Semi- 
nary at New Albany and was a writer of some note on theo- 
logical topics. He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

Mr. Gildersleeve resigned in 1829, but continued for a 
time to preach in the vicinity as a missionary. Like his 
predecessors, Mr. Gildersleeve, in addition to his regular 
duties, was accustomed to preach in Hanover, Newport, 
Pittston and other neighboring villages. During his pas- 
torate there were two revivals of religion — one in 1822, 
when thirty members were received into the Church on 
profession, besides a number added to the Kingston Church; 
and another in 1826, when nearly fifty were united with the 
Church. Some of these, said Dr. Dorrance, were residents 
of Hanover, Newport, Pittston, Providence, etc., and became 
the foundation of separate Churches. The whole number 
added during Mr. Gildersleeve's ministry of eight years, was 
129; on profession ninety-five, by certificate thirty-four. 

Mr. Gildersleeve was educated at Rutger's College. Be- 
fore he was called to this Church he had been settled for a 
number of years over the Church in Liberty county, Georgia. 
He removed from Wilkes-Barre to Bloomfield, N. J., and 
died within a few years. 

This Church for a period of more than fifty years after its 
organization had been under the auspices of Yale College. 
Among the institutions of learning Yale College was the 
chief representative of the Congregational Church; most of 
its ministers were educated there ; its traditions were pre- 
served there ; and its main support and strength were drawn 



66 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

thence. In a more restricted sense the Connecticut Mis- 
sionary Society, an organization of the Congregational 
Church, exercised an influence over the Church at Wyo- 
ming. It maintained close relations with this Church ; and 
at intervals, during many years, the pulpit was supplied by 
its ministers. Furthermore, the great majority of the in- 
habitants that settled Wyoming were natives of Connecticut, 
the home of Congregationalism; they preserved their asso- 
ciations with the home Church and established their own 
religious society in accordance with its rules of government ; 
and, lastly, many of the promoters of the scheme of settle- 
ment of this region were graduates of Yale College, and 
likewise were of the Congregational Church. Among them 
were Eliphalet Dyer, the advocate of Connecticut before the 
Trenton Tribunal, of the class of 1740, the same class with 
Rev. Jacob Johnson ; Silas Deane of the class of 1758, a 
member of the first Continental Congress, and, in 1776, 
financial agent of the United States in France ; William 
Judd, colonel commanding a regiment of the Connecticut 
line during Revolutionary War, class of 1763 ; Vine Elder- 
kin of the same class, and Jonathan Fitch of the class of 
1766, and Roger Sherman, a signer of the Declaration of 
Independence and a treasurer of Yale College for many 
years. The influence arising from these several causes be- 
came weaker by the lapse of time; the first generation of 
the people had nearly all passed away, and with these passed 
away also many of the associations and ties that had united 
the community with the mother colony ; new associations 
grew up, communication and intercourse with other sections 
followed ; business interests intervened, and what had been 
looked upon as a principle and rule of conduct became little 
more than a sentiment. In 1829 the Rev. Nicholas Murray 
was called and accepted the pastorate of this Church. He 
had been educated at Williams College and studied at the 
Princeton Theological Seminary. Through his instrumen- 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 67 

tality the Church became Presbyterian in name as well as 
in government. Since this date Princeton College has ex- 
ercised a like influence and borne the same relationship 
toward this Church that Yale College had established prior 
to this time. An unbroken succession of men, graduates in 
both the academical and theological departments of Prince- 
ton College, have for more than sixty years formed its pas- 
torate. 

In August, 1829, the Churches of Wilkes-Barre and 
Kingston joined in a call to the Rev. Nicholas Murray. In 
the month of June, this year, Mr. Murray had accepted an 
appointment of a mission from the Board of Missions of the 
General Assembly to the borough of Wilkes-Barre, for two 
months. During this engagement he became acquainted 
with the people and the field of labor, and when he received 
the call of the Churches he took time to deliberate. He looked 
upon the Church of Wilkes-Barre as in a most distracted 
state. There were two parties in it who differed on most sub- 
jects affecting the Church's welfare. After, however, prescrib- 
ing certain conditions, one of which was "that the Church 
of Wilkes-Barre become, previous to my ordination, Pres- 
byterian," he accepted the call and was duly ordained and 
installed pastor of these Churches November 4, 1829. At 
a meeting of the Church and congregation held September 
8, 1829, the change in the form of Church government was 
made in accordance with the condition stated. His biographer 
says, "in Wilkes-Barre he found a large, intelligent com- 
munity, among whom were men of high professional stand- 
ing, and a circle of cultivated society. It was necessary for 
him at the very outset of his ministry to meet the demands 
that would be made upon him by a refined and intellectual 
people." He himself said: "I had commenced my ministry 
in a community proverbial both for its intelligence and its 
disregard of religion ; amid external opposition, and with a 



68 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

Church small and rent by internal discords. A more un- 
promising field none could desire." 

He entered upon his duties with zeal and diligence. His 
earnestness aroused an interest on the part of his congrega- 
tion and in a few months time the meetings for prayer were 
numerously attended. The Church on the Sabbath became 
more full and solemn and he found himself in the midst of 
the first revival of his ministry, and, he adds, one of the 
most precious he ever witnessed. He labored in this field 
with marked success ; under his ministration the Church 
became united and harmonious; he won the confidence and 
love of all his people ; a greater interest and earnestness in 
the work of the Church was apparent than had been known 
for years. Rev. Dr. Janeway, of Philadelphia, thus refers to 
him : "His settlement at Wilkes-Barre was an era in the 
history of that Church and region. A new influence went 
forth, and Wyoming felt his hand in the new and vigorous 
measures for the spread of the gospel truth." By his advice 
the congregation was induced to sell their interest in the old 
Church "Ship Zion" to the Methodist congregation, and to 
build a Church more suited to their uses. The Church 
then built cost something more than $4,000, exclusive of the 
lot, which was the gift of the late Judge Matthias Hollen- 
back. One thousand dollars were received from the Meth- 
odist congregation for the old meeting house and applied on 
the payment of the new Church building, $1,200 were raised 
by Mr. Murray from churches in other places, the rest was 
paid by this congregation excepting $650 which remained 
as a debt and burden on the Church for some years. The 
building was situated on Franklin street on the lot now 
occupied by the Osterhout Free Library ; it contained 
sixty-two pews and had a seating capacity of about four 
hundred. 

In his effort to secure the means to build this Church Dr. 
Murray visited other congregations ; in making an appeal 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 69 

for aid to the First Presbyterian Church, of Elizabeth, N. J., 
the people were so impressed by his sermon that they soon 
afterwards, upon the resignation of their pastor, Dr. Mc- 
Dowell, called him to be their pastor. During Dr. Mur- 
ray's pastorate here of less than four years there were re- 
ceived into the Church sixty-six, fifty on profession and 
sixteen by letter. The call of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Elizabeth, he accepted, and was installed in that charge 
on the 23d of June, 1833. He left the Churches here with 
much reluctance. His biographer says: "He had formed 
new, strong and endearing ties, which it was hard to sunder, 
and it may be truly said they never were sundered, for he 
and the people of the Valley cherished the warmest recip- 
rocal attachment so long as he lived. Dr. Murray was 
born in Ireland, December 25, 1802; he was bred in the 
Roman Catholic faith, but after coming to this country he 
embraced the Protestant religion. He was educated at 
Williams College, graduating in 1826, and afterwards was 
graduated from the Princeton Theological Seminary in 1843 ; 
his alma mater conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity. After leaving Wilkes-Barre he continued in the 
pastorate of the Elizabeth Church until his death, February 
4, 1 861. He gained great reputation through his contro- 
versial letters to Bishop Hughes of the Roman Catholic 
Church over the non de plume of Kirwan." 

Rev. John Dorrance succeeded Dr. Murray in the pas- 
torate and was installed August 22, 1833. On the same 
day the Church building, just referred to, was dedicated. 
Dr. Dorrance's relations to this community were somewhat 
different from those of his predecessors ; he was at home 
here and among his own people ; his family had been resi- 
dent here since the settlement of the place ; his acquaintance 
with the people was general ; he knew of their early strug- 
gles, their losses and their bereavements nearly as well as 
though he had had part in them. He was not dependent 



JO FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

upon his salary for his support. He entered upon his mis- 
sion with great earnestness and resolute purposes ; his zeal 
in the work was strong and continuous ; he strove to dis- 
charge his duty here as the pastor of this Church, and to 
so build up and invigorate it that its influence and power 
might be felt throughout this region in the upbuilding of 
other Churches and gathering together of many congrega- 
tions. The Church became not only self-sustaining, but 
was able to lend aid to other communities, and help in the 
organization of other Churches. 

Dr. Dorrance extended the field of his labors throughout 
the county, preaching for a time regularly at Nanticoke and 
Newport, also at regular intervals at Pittston and Providence, 
and intermediate points in the Valley of the Lackawanna, 
thus holding the ground and preparing the way for mis- 
sionaries and the organization of Churches. The influence 
of the Church was much extended and several Churches 
were afterwards organized within the localities thus visited : 
one in Tunkhannock and one in Falls, Wyoming county, 
and one in Providence, composed mainly of members of this 
Church resident in that neighborhood. Out of the Provi- 
dence Church soon afterwards grew the Church of Scranton 
and the Church of Pittston. At a later period a Church 
organization was effected at White Haven, and the Coal- 
ville chapel was established, now the Presbyterian Church 
of Ashley. 

Dr. Dorrance was assisted in these labors, and in other 
missionary work in this region, by several missionaries 
stationed here from time to time under his charge, among 
them were the Revs. Thomas Owen, John Turbot, Orrin 
Brown, John Rhoades and Isaac Todd. Their field of labor 
was chiefly the upper Susquehanna and vicinity. 

Under the auspices of this Church also the Wilkes-Barre 
Female Institute was established in 1854, and a substantial 
brick building was erected for the purposes of the school 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. J I 

at a cost of about $ 1 2,000. During Dr. Dorrance's ministry 
the frame building that had served as a house of worship 
since 1833, was removed, and on its site was erected a hand- 
some brick structure. The building was begun in 1849 and 
finished soon afterward at a cost of $15,000. It was occu- 
pied by the congregation until 1888. 

There were several periods of unusual religious interest 
under Dr. Dorrance's pastorate, one in 1836, and another in 
1839, when the efforts of the pastor were supported by the 
preaching of the Rev. Daniel Baker, and fifty-four members 
were received into the Church; also in 1843 about fifty- 
were received; again in 1858, when seventy-eight united 
with the Church. Owing to the incompleteness of the 
record the number who united with the Church during Dr. 
Dorrance's ministry of twenty-eight years, cannot be given 
accurately, but, as stated by him in a sermon delivered on 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of his pastorate, in 1858, there 
had been received, up to that time, five hundred and forty ; 
of these, three hundred and seventy were on profession, and 
one hundred and seventy by letter. 

In addition to these, twelve ministers of the gospel were 
given to the Church by this congregation during Dr. Dor- 
rance's pastorate. In reviewing the work of his ministry, 
he said: "It is questionable whether any Church has sent 
forth, consecutively, twelve preachers of the gospel more 
efficient or more promising. Three of these received the 
highest honors of the college class to which they belonged 
in one of the very best institutions of learning in the Union, 
and others of their number are hardly, if at all, their in- 
feriors. The good which has been done and which may be 
effected by them is inestimable. If nothing more were ac- 
complished by this old fashioned congregation of which 
some of our precocious and aspiring young gentlemen seem 
to be ashamed ; if this day its mission were ended, its candle- 
stick removed, and its light forever extinguished, still the 



72 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

blessed fruits of its toil and its prayers will abide through 
the faithful labors of its sons in communities far distant, and 
even among the heathen many precious souls will be saved 
and many a gem will be set in the Redeemer's crown to 
shine throughout eternity." 

Dr. Dorrance was graduated from Princeton College in 
1823, and after the prescribed course of study at the Theo- 
logical Seminary of the same institution, he was ordained, 
November, 1827, by the Presbytery of Mississippi. He was 
the pastor of the Baton Rouge Church from 1827 to 1830, 
and from 1831 to 1833 was settled over the Church at Wy- 
sox, Pa.; in the latter year he was called to this Church, 
where he continued until his death, April 18, 1S61. In 
1859 Princeton College conferred upon him the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity. 

In an address of the occasion of Union Services at the old 
Forty Fort Church in 1888, Hon. Steuben Jenkins said of 
Dr. Dorrance : "He was a man of much more than ordinary 
talents and character, all of which he devoted unstintedly to 
the service of his Master, and to the upbuilding of His king- 
dom on earth. His manner was mild and attractive, inspir- 
ing confidence in every word and work. In the councils 
of the Church his moderation prevailed over the most vio- 
lent and vehement appeals of his brethren. In times of ex- 
citement, when words and feelings ran high, his cool man- 
ner and good common -sense suggestions were always 
accepted as safer and more to be relied upon than extreme 
measures. He had the unlimited confidence of all his asso- 
ciates and his word was law among them. They always 
found his counsel to lead in the prudent and safe path. He 
became a tower of strength in his Church throughout all 
the lines of its organization. He was grave without auster- 
ity, firm without obstinacy, mild without weakness, and with 
his intercourse with the world, blameless." 

The Rev. A. A. Hodge, D. D., succeeded Dr. Dorrance, 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 73 

and was installed in September, 1861. In 1864 the General 
Assembly assigned him the post of Professor of Didactic 
and Polemic Theology in the Allegheny Seminary ; his 
pastoral relations with this Church were thereupon dissolved. 
During the three years of his ministry here one hundred 
and four persons united with the Church : upon examination, 
sixty-six ; by certificate, thirty-eight. 

Dr. A. A. Hodge was graduated from Princeton College 
in 1841, and from the Princeton Theological Seminary in 
1846. He was ordained in May, 1847, an< ^ the three years 
following he labored as a missionary in India. From 185 1 
to 1855 he was settled as pastor of the Church of Lower 
West Nottingham, Aid. He was pastor of the Church at 
Fredricksburg,Va., 1855 to 1 861, and in the latter year he was 
called to the pastorate of the Wilkes-Barre Church. From 
1864 to 1877 he occupied the chair of Didactic and Polemic 
Theology in Allegheny Seminary, and from 1866 to 1877 
he was also pastor of the North Presbyterian Church of Al- 
legheny. In 1877 he became associated with his father, the 
Rev. Charles Hodge, D. D., LL. D., in the professorship of 
Systematic Theology in Princeton Theological Seminary, 
and upon the death of his father, in 1878, he succeeded to 
that professorship, which position he held until his death, 
November 11, 1886. In 1862 he received the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity from Princeton College, and from Wash- 
ington College the degree of Doctor of Laws. Dr. Hodge 
was for many years, and at the time of his death, trustee of 
Princeton College. He was the author of the "Outlines of 
Theology," "The Atonement," "Commentary on the Con- 
fession of Faith," and "Life of Dr. Charles Hodge." He 
wrote also many tracts on theological subjects, magazine 
articles and book reviews. 

In 1864 the Rev. S. B. Dod was installed pastor of this 
Church. During his ministry of four years eighty-five mem- 
bers were added to the Church : on examination, twenty- 



74 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

six; by certificate, fifty-nine. In October, 1868, Mr. Dod 
resigned the pastorate. 

Rev. Samuel B. Dod was graduated from Princeton Col- 
lege in 1857, and after some time spent in study in Berlin, 
Germany, entered the Princeton Theological Seminary and 
was graduated in 1861. He was ordained in June, 1862, 
and in that year accepted a call from the Church of Monti- 
cello, N. Y., where he continued until his call to Wilkes- 
Barre, in 1864. Mr. Dod is a trustee of Princeton College, 
and director of the Stevens Institute of Technology, Hobo- 
ken, N. J. He was succeeded by the present pastor, the Rev. 
F. B. Hodge, D. D., whose twenty-fifth anniversary in the 
pastorate of this Church we to-day celebrate. 



MEMBERSHIP. 75 

Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., was elected a Resident Mem- 
ber of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society 
February II, 1874, and subsequently filled most of the im- 
portant offices of the Society, being Treasurer from 1880, 
1881, 1882; Trustee, 1884, 1885, 18S6; Corresponding 
Secretary continuously from 1884 until made President, 
1895; Assistant Librarian, 1885, 1886; Curator of Archae- 
ology and History, 1884 — 1895; President, 1894. He was 
also connected with the following societies : 

Life Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Life Member of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia. 

Member of the Association for the Advancement of 
Science. 

Member of the Historical Society of Virginia. 

Corresponding Member of the Historical Society of Ban- 
gor, Maine. 

Corresponding Member of the Anthropological Society 
of Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Reynolds was also appointed by Governor Robert E. 
Pattison, May 23, 1893, a member of the "Indian Fort Com- 
mission, consisting of five persons, whose duty it was to make 
inquiry and examine into and make report to the next ses- 
sion of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, the advisability of 
erecting suitable tablets marking the various forts erected 
as a defence against the Indians by the early settlers of this 
Commonwealth prior to the year 1783." 

The result of Mr. Reynolds' research was the valuable 
paper referred to in his Bibliography, page 78, which the 
State of Pennsylvania published, with the other reports of 
the Commission, in two handsome volumes, in 1896. 

The following sketch of Mr. Reynolds by Andrew T. 
McClintock was printed by the State as a preface to that 
exceedingly accurate and admirable historical paper by Mr. 
Revnolds : 



"}6 IN MEMORIAM. 



IN MEMORIAM. 



"The article following this introductory note was written 
by Mr. Sheldon Reynolds during a long illness which ended 
in his death at Saranac Lake, N. Y., on the 8th of February, 
1895. It was dictated in part by him to his brother, Col. 
G. M. Reynolds, and was finished almost with the life of its 
author. To those whose privilege it was to know Mr. Rey- 
nolds, his story of the troubled times of the last century is 
fraught with peculiar and almost painful interest. The man- 
ful and heroic effort he made to end his task against the 
heavy odds of his physical weakness and fast advancing 
disease, and his final accomplishment of his labors, were 
most characteristic of his spirit and tenacity of purpose. 
How well the work was done the article speaks for itself, 
and no one could know from its perusal that the hand which 
wrote it could at the last scarce clasp a pen, and that the 
calm and judicial tone which pervades the account of the 
early trials and hardships of our forefathers was the expres- 
sion of one whose life was fast ebbing away and who felt 
himself urged by the most pressing necessity to complete 
a work which he knew too well to delay at all would be to 
leave unended. 

"Mr. Reynolds was of New England stock, his ancestors, 
coming from Litchfield, Conn., were among the first of the 
original settlers in the Wyoming Valley, and one of the 
name laid down his life in defense of his home and kindred 
with the many other heroes whose blood stained the fair 
fields of the Valley on the fatal third day of July, 1778. 

"Mr. Reynolds was a graduate of Yale University in the 
class of 1867. After his graduation he was called to the 



IN MEMORIAM. JJ 

bar and for a short time practiced law. His mind was emi- 
nently judicial and logical, and had he cared for fame as a 
lawyer he had all the equipment of careful training and 
natural aptitude which would soon have brought him dis- 
tinguished success in his profession. 

"But his tastes lay not in this direction. The study of his- 
tory and archaeology fascinated him, and he especially de- 
lighted in the elucidation of the local traditions and history 
with which this region overflows. To fit himself for this 
form of study, he trained his mind in the most rigid and ex- 
acting school of modern historical research, and followed 
the foremost examples of critical methods in this branch of 
literature; and then, when all these years of careful prepa- 
ration were passed and the field he had labored in was ripe 
for fruitage, he was taken from us and we have left but the 
memory of his patient, zealous work, the benefit and charm 
of which have been denied us except in the few short articles 
which came from his pen. 

"His was a noble character, full of love for truth, winning 
and lovable. Companionable in the highest degree to the 
intimate few who knew that beyond the reserve and quiet 
pose of manner lay a spirit full of life and enthusiasm, a 
mind stored with a fund of knowledge and general informa- 
tion, and that an hour spent in his company was sure to 
bring one both pleasure and profit. Only those who knew 
him thus can appreciate to its full meaning the loss to a 
community of a citizen with such broad aims, noble impulses 
and unselfish desire and willingness to labor for the ad- 
vancement of every worthy enterprise ; and only those who 
knew him thus can understand how deep-seated is the sad- 
ness and the personal bereavement that comes to one whose 
years of comradeship with him had cemented a friendship 
that only death could break." 



78 BIBLIOGRArHY. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SHELDON REYNOLDS, Esq. 



1. Local Shell Beds; a paper read before the Wyoming Historical and 

Geological Society, September 14, 1SS3; Svo., pp. 10, Wilkes- Barre, 
Pa., 1S86. Reprinted from the Proceedings and Collections of the So- 
ciety, Vol. II., pp. 68-75. 

2. The Rev. Bernard Page, A. M., First Episcopal Minister of Wyo- 

ming, A. D. 1771. A paper read before the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society, September 12, 1S84; 8vo., pp. 12, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
18S6. Reprinted from the Proceedings and Collections of the Society, 
Vol. II., pp. 206-216. 

3. A Brief Review of the Literary Work of the late Harrison 

Wright, Ph. D., Recording Secretary and one of the Trustees of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, by Sheldon Reynolds, A. 
ML, Corresponding Secretary of the Society; 8vo., pp. 15, Wilkes-Barre, 
Pa., 18S6. Reprinted from Proceedings and Collections of the Wyo- 
ming Historical and Geological Society, Vol. III., pp. 81-93. 

4. The First Presbyterian Church of Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; Svo., pp. 8, 

188S. Reprinted from the History of Lackawanna Presbytery, 1SS8. 

5. Another Edition of the above; Svo., pp. II. 

6. A Biographical Sketch of the late Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, 

President of the Osterhout Free Library, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., by Sheldon 
Reynolds, A. M., Secretary. Prepared at the request of and read before 
the Directors of the Library, July 26, 1SS9, and before the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, September 23, 1SS9; Svo., pp. II, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 18S9. 

7. History of the Reynolds Family under the title of Sheldon Rey- 

nolds. Printed in Kulp's Families of the Wyoming Valley, &c. ; 8vo., 
pp. 777-7S7- 

8. History of Wilkes-Barre ; a paper written for the Tenth Census and 

published in Vol. XVIII of the Tenth U. S. Census, 1SS0, pp. 10. 

9. "Tempora Mutantur" ; an Address before the Wyoming Commemora- 

tive Association, July 3, 1SS9. The Historical Review, III., pp. 109-10. 

10. The Frontier Forts of the Wyoming Region ; a paper prepared by 

Mr. Reynolds for the State Commission on the Ancient Forts of Penn- 
sylvania, of which Commission he was a member. Read before the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, December 21, 1894; 8vo., 
pp. 48, 111. ; Wilkes-Barre, 1S96. Reprinted from the State Report on 
the Frontier Forts of Pa., pp. 419-466. 

11. A Biographical Sketch of Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D. 

(American Bar Association, 1S92.) Read before the Wyoming Histo- 
rical and Geological Society Feb. II, 1S94. 

12. The First Presbyterian Church of Wilkes-Barre ; a paper read at 

the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Pastorate of Rev. F. B. Hodge, 
D. D., February 25th, 1S94; 8vo., pp. 34. 



PART IV. 



7<7 



PUBLISHING COMMITTEE, 
1899. 



REV. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN. 
WILLIAM REYNOLDS RICKETTS. 
MISS HANNAH PACKARD JAMES. 



W 



THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY BUILDING, fl 



The Wyoming Historical and Geological Society has had 
two benefactors during its life of forty years, whose noble 
and valuable gifts to the Society are deserving of perpetual 
record, — General William Sterling Ross, and Hon. Isaac 
Smith Osterhout. 

General William Sterling Ross presented to the Society 
February n, 1859, at a cost of $2,000, the extensive 
"Chambers' Collection" of coins and curiosities, numbering 
nearly 10,000 specimens, "a nucleus around which other 
contributions gathered, and which really gave the Society 
success, and a prestige and name that commended it to the 
friends of science everywhere." 

Hon. Isaac Smith Osterhout, in his last will and testa- 
ment, dated January 27, 18S1, gave almost his entire large 
estate for "establishing and maintaining" in the city of 
Wilkes-Barre "a free library to be called 'The Osterhout 
Free Library.' " In providing for this now most valuable 
and important institution he added : 

"And my will is, and I further direct, that in the erection 
and arrangement of the [Library] building hereby author- 
ized, the same shall be so contructed that, in addition to 
the space required for the accommodation of said free library 
and the increase thereof, as hereinbefore provided for, a por- 
tion of said building shall be devoted to the use and accom- 
modation of the Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society, without charge for rent, heat or light of the rooms 
that may be devoted to and used for the purposes of said 
Society; my said trustees and their successors, or the direct- 
ors of said free library, to designate the portion of said 
building to be used by said Society, and to have the general 
control and supervision of said building." 



82 HISTORICAL SOCIETY BUILDING. 

In 1893 the Trustees of the Osterhout Free Library, in 
accordance with the will of Mr. Osterhout, erected for the 
use of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society the 
handsome and commodious building referred to in the Ad- 
dress of Hon. Stanley Woodward, of November 30, 1893. 

This building, situated in the rear of the Library property, 
facing on Franklin street, is portrayed in the half-tone repre- 
sentation of it in these pages as perfectly as it was possible 
to do considering the great difficulty of securing a good 
photograph, owing to the location of the building. The 
building is of brick, erected at a cost of $ 12,000, A. H. Kipp, 
Architect. It has a frontage of sixty feet, and a depth of 
forty feet. It is three stories in height, and is furnished 
with all the modern improvements, heated by steam, lighted 
by electricity, and comparatively fire-proof. The lower 
story contains the Scientific Library and Paleontological 
Collections; the second floor contains the Historical Library 
and the Geological Collections, and the third floor contains 
the Archaeological and Ethnological Cabinet — these form- 
ing one of the greatest attractions of the kind in the eastern 
portion of Pennsylvania. The building was occupied by 
the Society with its large library and collections, and for- 
mally presented and accepted, November 30, 1S93, on which 
occasion the Address of Hon. Stanley Woodward, one of 
the Founders of the Society, was delivered. 

The Publishing Committee. 



ADDRESS OF HON. STANLEY WOODWARD, ?3 

BEFORE THE WYOMING HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, NOVEMBER 20, I893, 
WHEN THE SOCIETY TOOK FORMAL POSSESSION OF ITS NEW HOME. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I have been requested on behalf of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, to formally announce the 
grateful acceptance by them of this building, from the legal 
representatives of the Hon. Isaac S. Osterhout, whose gift, by 
a suitable provision in his last will, it was. Connected, as 
it originally was, in his own mind, with the library which 
bears his name, and so located now as to be identified in 
its general purpose with that noble charity, it forms part of 
a benefaction which speaks for itself, and, better than words 
can do, invokes and for all time will command, universal and 
genuine gratitude. 

Mr. Osterhout was a wealthy but a plain man. His ac- 
cumulations were the result of a patient and faithful devo- 
tion to his business as a merchant, and of the careful re- 
investment of the profits of that business in real estate in the 
vicinity of his home. He knew Wilkes-Barre well and he 
had the utmost confidence in her progress and prosperity. 
It would seem that men were sometimes confused by the 
very nearness of their opportunities and disposed to look for 
investments so far away from home that they can be seen 
only in a light too distant and dim to reveal their true value. 
Here, as in some other cases, familiarity seems to breed 
contempt. The sea of insolvency is covered with wrecks 
caused by the ambitious efforts of men who, in an undue 
haste to grow rich, have embarked their all upon distant 
and unknown waters with no better chart than a prospectus 
and with no pilot but a professional promoter. Of this class 
of men Mr. Osterhout was not one. He grew up with the 



84 ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 

town and its community — was part and parcel of it — knew 
its history and believed in its future. He was entirely fami- 
liar with our local history and he saw in this Historical 
Society the germ of a grand idea, which, fully developed, 
would prove an instructive and conservative force in a region 
ofcountiy whose romantic history and commercial importance 
would attract to itself the attention and interest of genera- 
tions yet to come. And as the foundations of his fortune 
had been laid here he resolved that here his money should 
be disbursed. As he had fared well himself at the hands of 
the community and had grown with its growth, he wisely 
judged that the best return within his power was to dedicate 
his wealth to the general advancement of the same com- 
munity in directions which would tend to instruct and 
elevate it. 

The Osterhout Free Library of which, by reason of its 
founder's testamentary benefaction, this Society, although 
an entirely distinct organization, may now be considered an 
adjunct, has already proved itself a public blessing and vin- 
dicated the soundness of the idea of which it is the conspic- 
uous exponent. It has been clearly demonstrated that the 
masses of the people are glad to embrace the opportunity 
for education and self culture afforded by the open doors of 
a well conducted free library. Even the limited number of 
our people who have room enough and money enough to 
maintain private libraries, find that it is quite impossible to 
keep up with the grand march in all branches of human 
knowledge, which science and art, discover)'- and travel, fic- 
tion and romance, invention and industry are making the 
natural pace of our advancing civilization. To them the 
public library is a grand reference book, where they may 
supplement their home reading with the more comprehen- 
sive study of many authors and thus become thoroughly 
informed upon subjects which they must otherwise approach 
with a merely superficial touch. To the men and women 



ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 85 

of more moderate means, whose houses and purses are too 
small for many books, the Osterhout Library is a benefac- 
tion and a blessing which it would be difficult to overstate. 
And that it is doing practical good will be clear to a merely 
casual observation of the people of all ranks and classes who 
throng its passages and draw upon its shelves. 

I have already suggested that the Historical Society will 
hereafter be looked upon as an adjunct to the Osterhout 
Free Library. This results mainly, of course, from the fact 
that the will of the founder provides for their being united 
in the same, or practically the same, location. But there is 
another reason why they naturally go together. They are 
both intended for popular instruction, and they are both 
open and free to all who wish to enjoy them. There are 
many departments of research and study, wherein the learn- 
ing of the books of the library may be illustrated and pointed 
by the object lessons contained in the fossils, the rocks and 
slates, the pottery, the coins, the weapons, the medals, the 
minerals and the curious collections of various kinds, now 
carefully classified and arranged in this new and spacious 
home of the Historical Society. The library and the His- 
torical Society are natural allies, and I have no doubt will 
prove the best of neighbors. 

Just before the close of the last century there was built at 
what is now the corner of Northampton and Washington 
streets in this city, the first inn or tavern of which we have 
any tradition. It was erected by Jesse Fell, and was known 
as the Fell Tavern. The structure was of lo£fs and a small 
section of it is still standing. The tavern from time imme- 
morial has been an institution of great importance among 
English speaking people. The German has his garden, the 
Frenchman has his cafe, but the Englishman prefers his inn. 
The English instinct on this subject was expressed by Dr. 
Johnson, when sitting in the Mitre Tavern, he said to Bos- 
well, " there is nothing which has yet been contrived by man 



86 ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 

by which so much happiness is produced as by a good 
tavern or inn," and by William Shenstone, when he scratched 
with a diamond upon a pane of glass in an old English 
tavern, the lines : 

" Who'er has traveled life's dull round, 
Where'er his stages may have been, 
May sigh to think he still has found 
The warmest welcome at an inn. ' ' 

And by Shakespeare in Henry IV, in those inimitable de- 
scriptions of the frolics of the Prince of Wales, with Sir John 
Falstaff, and his companions, at the Boar's Head Tavern, 
which have made the men in buckram immortal caricatures 
of bombast and falsehood, and the phrase, "shall I not take 
mine ease in mine inn," a familiar proverb. 

The old Fell tavern was after the fashion of an English 
inn. The county of Luzerne had just been organized, a 
court established, and Wilkes-Barre was beginning to assume 
the honorable and important position of the county town. 
The judges and lawyers and jurymen, the parties and their 
witnesses, all the people who came to court must have a 
place to " put up," as the phrase was. Lines of stages were 
being established and occasionally a traveler from a distance 
would want accommodation. I have had, from a former 
resident of this city, now deceased, and who, upon his first 
visit to Wilkes-Barre, was for a short time a guest of the 
Fell tavern, a description of the customs of that day. The 
living or sitting room was big and well furnished with old- 
fashioned high back, split wood chairs; a large fire-place in 
which great logs of hickory wood were burning so brightly 
as to furnish both light and heat, made a winter's evening 
cheery and attractive to all comers ; at one end a modest 
assortment of decanters containing the various beverages 
with which our ancestors were wont to sterilize their water; 
a barrel of cider on tap in the corner; the atmosphere redo- 
lent of tobacco ; the ornaments on the walls consisting 



ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 87 

chiefly of rifles and powder horns and antlers, interspersed 
with relics of the Wyoming Massacre, and of the Indian 
sway in the valley, with, here and there, a rough portrait of 
some revolutionary hero. There were less than five hundred 
people in Wilkes-Barre then, but a large percentage of the 
men folk gathered nightly in winter in the big room of the 
tavern, and sat around the wood fire and discussed the affairs 
of the time, crops, prices, politics, religion, the luck of the 
hunter who had just come home to get a wagon to haul in 
his game, the prospect of a good spring for shad in the 
Susquehanna, the coming lawsuit to be tried at the next 
term of the court, and the merits of the opposing council 
(there were then but four lawyers at the bar) — all these and 
many other such themes the stranger heard the old settlers 
talking about, as they sipped their hot sling on a winter's 
evening in the old Fell tavern in the year of our Lord 1800. 

But the old tavern had other attractions. The upper 
floor was so constructed that the whole space could be 
transformed into a ball room, and here, during the sessions 
of court and on other grand occasions, the girls and the 
matrons as well as the men paced through the statley min- 
uet or threaded the maze of the cotillion, and during many 
a festive night " soft eyes looked love to eyes which spoke 
again and all went merry as a marriage bell." I have in my 
possession a diary kept, as was the fashion by the young 
ladies of that day, apparently for the double purpose of a 
confessional and conscience-prodder, and as an abstract of 
the time, also, in which the writer describes a ball on the 
evening of St. John's Day, at the Fell tavern, in the year 
1803. That the hilarity of the occasion was somehow over- 
done, may be fairly inferred from the statement that " some 
of the gentlemen on the floor might better have been in their 
beds." 

In the main room of this tavern Jesse Fell, on the nth 
February, 1808, first tried the experiment of burning an- 



88 ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 

thracite coal in a common grate. It is not claimed as is 
sometimes erroneously stated, that this was the first use of 
our coal as a heat producer. It had been for several years 
employed by blacksmiths in their shops, where, by means 
of the draft from the bellows, it had been easily ignited and 
made to burn. And while there were earlier experiments 
in the use of Anthracite coal as a fuel for domestic pur- 
poses there is no satisfactory evidence that it had come into 
common use as a house fuel, or had superseded the use of 
wood for that purpose, until the discoveiy made by Fell. 
Upon the fly leaf of a book called the "Illustrations of 
Masonry" now in the custody of this society, Fell then and 
there made this entry : 

"February nth of Masonry 5808, made the experiment 
of burning the common stone coal of this valley in a grate 
in a common fire place in my house, and find it will answer 
the purpose of fuel, making a clearer and better fire at a less 
expense than burning wood in the common way. Jesse Fell, 
Borough of Wilkes-Barre, February 18th, 1808." 

By a coincidence which, in view of subsequent events, 
may be regarded as noteworthy, it so happened that on the 
nth day of February, 1858, exactly fifty years later, four 
men were riding together in a carriage on a road leading to 
this city. One of them, a grandson of Jesse Fell, had upon 
that day, by a mere accident, taken up this "Illustrations of 
Masonry" and examined its contents, but without any par- 
ticular reference to the entry on the fly leaf to which I have 
referred. Being interrupted, he had put the book in his 
pocket, and while driving produced it, and called attention 
to the entry. While this was being examined, it suddenly 
occurred to one man of the party, that it was the exact 
fiftieth anniversary day of the event. It was at once re- 
solved that something should be done to commemorate the 
occasion. A meeting of a number of the prominent gentle- 
men of the town was called for that evening, at the old Fell 



ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 89 

tavern, which was still a public house. An old grate was 
procured — said to have been the original one, but for this I 
do not vouch — and set up in the ancient fireplace. A fire 
was built, and around it gathered a number of young anti- 
quarians, all inspired with the thought that they were as- 
sembled in the very room, and about the very hearthstone, 
where anthracite coal had been first burned as a fuel. It 
would be neither possible nor perhaps profitable, to recall 
all that was said and done, but you will be interested in 
knowing that it was at this meeting, thus hastily convened, 
that a plan of permanent organization was adopted, which 
became the foundation of the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society. Of the four men who were driving 
together upon that day, the present speaker was one, and 
of the four is now the sole survivor. The others were 
Henry M. Hoyt, J. Butler Conyngham, and James P. Den- 
nis. The proceedings of the meeting at the old tavern 
were carefully preserved, and are now spread in full upon 
the records of this society. 

It is hard to realize, as we look about us to-night, that 
this grand enterprise now become an institution, and a per- 
manent endowment, dedicated to the entertainment and in- 
struction of our people, came of so humble and, we may 
add, of so accidental an origin. For it must be confessed 
that the men who met in the old Fell house on the nth of 
February, 1858, and at other places and times soon after- 
wards, did not and could not foresee how the seed then 
sown was to germinate and grow. Of each and every one 
of these men it may be said, in the familiar words of Em- 
erson : 

*' He builded better than he knew — 
The conscious stone to beauty grew." 

What the society has done will, in a measure, be made 
apparent by a survey of the various exhibits which, care- 
fully classified and arranged, are spread before you in these 



gO ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 

spacious apartments now to be thrown open to the public 
in the new building. To fully appreciate their value, how- 
ever, will require a more patient and studious consideration. 

Situated as we are in almost the exact centre of the most 
extensive anthracite coal field of the world, we are naturally 
interested in the study of the nature and origin of anthra- 
cite coal. It so happened that the mining of our coal, on 
a large scale, began almost co-temporaneously with the 
organization of this society. Fossils showing the nature of 
the animal and vegetable life upon the earth, at the period 
of the carboniferous or coal formation, have been gathered 
in great numbers. The fossils are found, not in the body 
of the coal, but in the layers of slate which separate the 
veins of coal, and of these the society has now more than 
two thousand selected specimens. These constitute an ob- 
ject lesson in the history of the coal formation, and from 
them we are enabled to form a correct judgment of the 
structure of this portion of the earth, at the time that these 
mighty deposits were imbedded within it. 

The written history of the Wyoming Valley goes back 
less than a century and a half. For centuries before, this 
region had been peopled by races of men of whom there 
are no records except such as they left behind them in the 
form of the utensils, the pottery, the weapons of war and 
the "mute memorials" of many kinds, which uncivilized 
and savage life bequeaths as the sole testimonials of its ex- 
istence and character. It is claimed, and I believe justly, 
that nowhere else is there to be found so complete a collec- 
tion of what may be termed local aboriginal relics, as that 
possessed by this society. This valley was probably, for 
centuries before the historic era, the home and the hunting 
ground of the rude people who gravitate naturally toward 
regions of country where little expenditure of labor is re- 
quired to sustain life. Hence it is that relics, such as I have 
referred to, are found in greater profusion here than in many 



ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. g\ 

other less favored regions of country, and when this so- 
ciety was once firmly established, private collections came 
to it from many quarters. These, with additions made by 
the society itself, some of whose members have spent much 
time and labor in exploration, now constitute one of its 
most valuable and interesting departments. 

The time allotted for this ceremonial does not permit me 
to do more than simply allude, in a very general way, to a 
few of the other exhibits contained in this collection. It 
has been the aim of the Society to preserve the unwritten 
history of Wyoming. To do this, local publications, letters, 
pamphlets, county and town records, and more than five 
hundred volumes and manuscripts have been gathered, all 
throwing a greater or lesser light on the history of this 
valley and the people who have lived in it. 

Aside from the collections of merely local interest, you 
will find here nearly five thousand specimens of coins, 
medals and kindred curiosities. The foundation of this de- 
partment was laid by General W. S. Ross, who, soon after 
the organization of the Society, purchased the Chambers 
collection of three thousand specimens, and presented it to 
the Association. 

In the geological department will be found specimens of 
mineral coal from every quarter of the globe where it is 
known to exist, as well as rocks illustrating the different 
crust formation of the earth in their proper sequence. Of 
other minerals there are nearly two thousand specimens, 
many of them of great value. 

In the fossiliferous, botanical and choncological depart- 
ments, the Society has acquired collections which are very 
interesting, and which will prove the nucleus of a grand 
museum for the future. 

The generous bequest to this society by Mr. Osterhout, 
in his last will, would never have been made, had he not 
witnessed the devotion, enthusiasm, and unselfish labor of 



92 ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. 

a few men, some of whom have passed away — some of 
whom are still the working members of the association — 
and felt, that with such men to care for its future, his bene- 
faction would be well placed, and wisely administered. 

I have occasionally heard it hinted that the Historical So- 
ciety was a mere hobby, and that the men who were de- 
voting themselves to its cause, were of the kindred known 
as cranks. 

Galileo, who was condemned, because he taught the Co- 
pernican system of the revolution of the planets, to im- 
prisonment at the inquisition, and to recite once a week for 
three years, the seven penitential psalms, was a man with a 
hobby. Columbus, borrowing 580.00, from the Queen for 
the purpose of buying a suit of clothes in which he might 
appear at court, and plead for an opportunity to do that 
which, once done, gave to Spain the empire of a new world, 
was, no doubt, a typical 15th century crank. And the men 
everywhere who tread new paths, and expend study and 
time and labor upon ideas, especially upon those which do 
not promise to pay dividends in cash, are likely to be re- 
garded as at least impracticable. Among the least lovely 
of all the specimens of the genus man, is he who prides 
himself on being thoroughly practical. To such a man, 
the mummy of an Egyptian King, five thousand years old, 
and reasonably well preserved, would be worth just what 
it would bring for old rags, or as fuel to start a fire. A 
piece of pottery exhumed from the grave of a pre-historic 
race would to our practical man be of no value, because for 
a moderate price he could purchase a pot, much better 
fitted to boil potatoes, by walking half a block. The slates 
and fossils which serve to tell us the history of our anthra- 
cite, to him are worthless truck — mere clinker to choke the 
fire which cooks his dinner. The spears and arrows, the 
tomahawks and war clubs of an aboriginal and savage race, 
do not interest or attract him, because, as death dealing 



ADDRESS OF JUDGE WOODWARD. ^%^.Qd- 

agencies, they have been superseded by repeating rifles and 
the Krupp gun. The ancient coins of Rome and Greece, and 
the specimens of the earliest currencies of the world, are 
to the thoroughly practical man absolutely wasted as ex- 
hibits, and should be at once set afloat to swell the volume of 
the circulating medium. Such practical men as I have de- 
scribed will find little here to instruct or interest them. 

Let me conclude this imperfect and hastily prepared 
tribute to the giver of this beautiful home for our Historical 
Society, with a word of thanks to the men who built up 

the institution itself— who have made it their specialty 

their hobby, if you please— and who to-night are to be con- 
gratulated on the splendid success which has crowned their 
unselfish work. 



THE PENNAMITE AND THE YANKEE 
IN WYOMING. 

ANNUAL ADDRESS OF HON. STANLEY WOODWARD, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY, FEB- 
RUARY II. 1896. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : 

It is with no expectation of being able to say to this 
intelligent audience, anything on the subject selected for 
my paper which they have not already heard, that I have 
consented to act as essayist on this anniversary occasion of 
our Society. But there are many historical periods and 
episodes which may be re-considered again and again, and 
always with interest, when they pertain to places and things 
which concern ourselves, and with which we are in familiar 
contact. And certain it is, that no portion of American 
history is richer in its lights and shadows, its romantic ad- 
ventures and its eccentric departures from the ordinary and 
the commonplace, than that of this beautiful valley of Wyo- 
ming, where we are so fortunate as to live. But even here, 
amid the cares and business of every day life we are liable, 
unless now and then reminded of it, to forget the historic 
past. It is therefore wise to pause occasionally in the grand 
march of present progress, and take a backward look. 

The stmggle during the latter part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury between the Connecticut colonists, and the representa- 
tives of William Penn, for the possession of the valley of 
Wyoming, when viewed from a present point of time, is, in 
some of its aspects, most interesting and unique. To com- 
prehend it accurately, will require a brief review of certain 
historical facts and conditions which underlie the epoch in 
which it happened, and disclose its true character. 

This continent when discovered by Columbus, by Ameri- 
cus Vespucius, the Cabots and their successors, was called 



g6 THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

the New World. And to the European mind this use of 
the word "new" was intelligible and necessary. But in view 
of more recent research, it is now asserted that our conti- 
nent is probably the oldest dry land of all the earth, and the 
very first to make itself visible above the waters from which 
it was lifted. Says Agassiz : " while Europe was represented 
only by islands rising here and there above the sea, America 
already stretched an unbroken line of land from Nova Scotia 
to the far west." So recently as the year 1852. a human 
skeleton was dug up from an excavation made for the foun- 
dations of a large building in New Orleans, at a depth of 
sixteen feet, and beneath four successive forests of buried 
cypress. From a calculation based on the yearly deposits 
of the river, it is supposed that this skeleton must have laid 
where it was found for many thousand years. Other fossils 
point, with more or less definiteness, to a pre-historic people 
upon this continent, whose mounds, earth works, relics of 
stone and copper, and human skulls are now preserved in 
societies like this throughout the world. Bryant, in his his- 
tory of the United States, speaking of the fact that copper 
was known and in use among these people, states that in a 
copper mine in Minnesota, was found, eighteen feet beneath 
the surface in a deserted trench, a mass of copper of about 
six tons, raised upon a frame of wood five feet in height pre- 
paratory to removal. From these ancient mines, of whose 
workings the American Indians had no tradition, was sup- 
plied the metal used by the Mound builders a thousand miles 
distant in the valley of the Mississippi. From that agri- 
cultural region probably, the miners came with the supplies 
for their summer support, and the method of conveyance 
which took them and their provisions to the mines, sufficed, 
no doubt, for carrying back the ore to market, across the 
lakes and the long land journey. They must have had 
boats, but how they provided without animals for the car- 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 97 

riage of such heavy burdens over hundreds of miles of land, 
it is not easy to understand. 

What became of these people who preceded the Indians 
by many centuries, can only be surmised, and it is no part of 
this paper to discuss. Suffice it to say that this continent 
was peopled by inhabitants who possessed many of the arts 
of life, before the earliest date of authentic human history. 
They disappeared, and in their place appeared a savage 
people without culture or art, who have left no monuments, 
whose remnant is to day the American Indian of our far 
west frontier. 

It is an interesting fact that no traces of pre-historic people 
— reliably such — have ever been found in the Wyoming 
Valley. It is claimed that in 1769 the remains of an ancient 
fort were found near Toby's creek, in Kingston township, and 
another in what is now known as Plains township. But this 
claim seems to have been based on the fact that larsre trees, 
seven hundred years old, were found within the enclosures. 
But as medals and coins of the time of King George I. were 
also discovered at the same place, it would seem more rea- 
sonable to suppose, that, while the trees were old, the forts 
were of much later date. So far as shown by facts which 
are well established, it seems clear that this region of country 
was originally peopled by tribes of Indians, who roamed its 
surface unrestrained by any law except that of self preserva- 
tion, and who left no monuments to their memory. 

And this brings us to a brief consideration of the histori- 
cal process of events which resulted in the colonial settle- 
ment of this portion of North America, and the gradual 
substitution of an Anglo Saxon people for the Indian races, 
who, for centuries of time, had made it their home and their 
hunting ground. Of course this review must be in the 
nature of a broad generalization rather than a specific narra- 
tive. 

At the beginning of the eighteenth century this fair valley, 



98 THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

as well as nearly all the territoiy now comprising the state 
of Pennsylvania, was in the possession of Indian tribes, con- 
stituting what were later known as the Six Nations. But 
as early as 1578, Queen Elizabeth, had granted letters patent 
to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, " for planting and inhabiting of 
her people in America." Under this grant Gilbert had 
entered the bay of St. John's, in Newfoundland, and taken 
possession of a large territory in the name of the Crown. 
In 1584 the Queen also granted to Sir Walter Raleigh, a 
patent " for the discovering and planting of new lands and 
countries." Under this grant, after almost incredible hard- 
ship and suffering, an English lodgment had been made 
upon the southern portion of the American coast, which 
was named Virginia, in honor of the unmarried Queen. 
And here all further effort of colonization by the English, 
for some twenty years, ceased. Then came the grants by 
King James, to the two great combinations known respect- 
ively as the London, and Plymouth, companies, and these 
were followed by various other concessions from the Crown, 
made at different times, under which additional colonies, 
eleven in number, were planted along the Atlantic coast. 
The New England colonies were settled under a grant made 
in 1620, in which the grantees were incorporated by the 
name of "the council established at Plymouth, in the county 
of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing 
of New England in America." These colonies were named 
New Plymouth, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode 
Island, .Connecticut and New Haven. While these events 
were transpiring in the north and south, the Hollanders had 
slipped into New York and taken possession of it, founding 
their claim on the discovery of that bold sailor, Henry Hud- 
son, who, in the year 1609, had entered the waters of New 
York, near Sandy Hook, and sailed up the noble river which 
preserves his name, to the point now known as Albany. 
Hudson had been in the employ of the Dutch East India 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 99 

Company, but the English government claimed the whole 
Atlantic coast by reason of alleged prior discovery, and in 
1664, Charles II. granted the territory settled by the Hol- 
landers to his brother the Duke of York; and this was fol- 
lowed by dispatching a military force to demand the surren- 
der of the country to the British Crown. Terms were agreed 
upon, which, while they recognized to some extent the rights 
of the Dutch, practically transferred the title over to Eng- 
land, who gave to it the name of New York. So, in one 
way and another, England was coming to be the owner of 
America, and in 1763, the crisis of her power on this conti- 
nent was reached, when the settlement with the French 
government, by the declaration of peace of that date, en- 
throned her as mistress of the grandest estate in this new 
world, which ever enriched the treasures of a Crown. 

The prodigious capacity of John Bull, to swallow and 
absorb, has become a proverb. Recent international history 
has freshly brought to mind this propensity of the mother 
country, and invested it with new interest. And the doctrine 
of Monroe, has become a national instinct which the world is 
bound to respect. England herself recognized and approved 
this doctrine when it was first announced, and when she 
saw in it safety for herself. We ask her to adhere to her 
original position, and to curb her lust of dominion and her 
thirst for power. The study of English colonization on this 
continent will convince us, no matter how friendly our senti- 
ment toward the English people, their institutions and their 
laws, that aggression has been the predominant passion of 
Great. Britian, and that her conscience and her philanthropy 
have never been permitted to stand in the way of her material 
thrift. There is no prodigy in the way of growth by coloni- 
zation in the history of nations, to be compared to that of 
England. Glance a moment at the map. Here is England, 
a little triangular island, whose greatest length north and 
south is about 400 miles, with a breadth of less than 300 



100 THE PENN AMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

miles, containing 51,000 square miles of territory, with a 
population considerably less than one-half that of the United 
States. And then reflect that this little island is the owner 
of possessions, in the way of colonies and dependencies, 
covering one-sixth of all the land surface of the globe, with 
nearly the same proportion of the earth's population. On 
the continent of North America she has the dominion of 
Canada, containing 3,500,000 square miles, exceeding by 
half a million the square miles embraced in the United 
States. And she also owns Newfoundland, whose contents 
are 40,000 square miles ; the West Indian Islands with 
14,000 square miles; Bermuda with 24,000 and Honduras 
(Central America) with 13,500 square miles. In contem- 
plating such a stupendous and world-wide sovereignty, we 
are apt to recall that splendid passage in the speech of 
Daniel Webster, delivered in 1834, wherein he describes the 
apparently hopeless cause of the American colonies in their 
revolutionary struggle. They (the colonies) " raised their 
flag against a power to which, for purpose of foreign con- 
quest and subjugation, Rome in the height of her glory is 
not to be compared — a power which has dotted over the 
surface of the whole globe her possessions and military 
posts, whose morning drum-beat following the sun and 
keeping company with the hours, circles the earth with one 
continuous and unbroken strain of the martial airs of Eng- 
land." 

Great as England was and is, and devoted during all her 
history, as her government has been, to the cause of coloni- 
zation, it may be safely said that she was not in the habit of 
granting the same portion of her territory twice, and to dif- 
ferent parties. But in this Wyoming instance which we are 
considering, a tract of country (including this valley) extend- 
ing from north to south a whole degree of latitude, and from 
east to west five degrees of longitude, was granted by the 
same King, first, in 1662, to the colony of Connecticut; 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. IOI 

and a second time, nineteen years later, in 1681, to William 
Penn. The grant to Connecticut was confirmatory of that 
made by King James I. in 1620, to the Plymouth company, 
already referred to, and intended to embrace a part of what 
is known as New England ; but by some error of description, 
which has never been explained, it was found to reach 
around New York, and to enclose the territory now com- 
prised in several of the northeastern counties of Pennsylvania. 
The grant to William Penn, covered the entire territory of 
our state, including, of course, that portion which had 
already been granted to Connecticut. 

That Connecticut did not for many years know of this 
windfall, is shown by two facts. First, for the reason that 
about twenty-one years after the date of the grant, or in 1683, 
she entered upon negotiations with New York, as to the 
boundary line between that colony and herself, which was 
finally fixed where it now is. In other words, Connecticut 
recognized New York as her southern boundary line. An- 
other suggestive fact in this connection is, that ninety-one 
years elapsed after the grant from King Charles, before any 
actual settlement was attempted in Wyoming by the Con- 
necticut people. It probably argues nothing against our 
Yankee ancestors however, that they did not establish them- 
selves here at an earlier date. Land was plentiful in those 
days, and the fertile soil along the Connecticut river, was 
more attractive than the distant Pennsylvania valleys in pos- 
session of Indian tribes. The first step in the new depart- 
ure was taken in 1753, when an association was formed in 
Connecticut, called the Connecticut-Susquehanna Company. 
This consisted of 840 persons, and in 1762 a small delega- 
tion was sent to Wyoming to effect a settlement. They 
located at the mouth of Mill Creek, where they built log 
houses and made some improvements. The following year 
other settlers arrived, and these made a similiar settlement 
near the river, at what is now the southerly boundary of our 



102 THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

city. But the foothold thus gained was very soon lost. 
The settlers were attacked by the Indians, many were killed 
and the survivors fled to their old homes in Connecticut. 
There is no record of any other Yankee colonization in 
Wyoming for six years. 

During these years the Penn government had not been 
idle. Commissioners had been appointed by the Proprie- 
tary government, who had surveyed the lands along the 
Susquehanna, and divided them into two grand Manors, the 
river being the dividing line. The land on the east of the 
river was called the Manor of Stoke, that on the west the 
Manor of Sunbury. 

The distinction between the two titles of Connecticut on 
the one side, and of William Penn on the other is worthy of 
notice. The former rested on a royal charter granted first 
to the Plymouth Company, and then to the Colony. The 
title of Penn grew out of a direct grant by the King, in 
payment of a debt which the English government owed to 
Admiral Penn, the father of William, who had been a dis- 
tinguished officer in the English navy for many years. The 
settler under the Connecticut title became the absolute 
owner of the land in his possession. The settler under the 
Penn government on the contrary, was merely a tenant, pay- 
ing a nominal rent and agreeing to hold the land against 
hostile intrusion. The title of the Connecticut owner was 
allodial, that is, in the nature of a freehold estate. The 
Pennamite held his lot by a title resembling that of the 
Feudal tenure of the middle ages, rendering service and 
paying tribute to a sort of Lord Paramount, the Quaker 
William Penn. And both parties claimed to have secured 
the Indian title. 

Thus early in the year 1769, we find the Pennamite and 
the Yankee located in Wyoming, each claiming the right 
of possession, and each with a colorable title to the soil. 
Nothing was left but to fight it out, and thus began the 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. IO3 

struggle which became that quaint episode in our local his- 
tory, known as the Pennamite and Yankee war. Both par- 
lies built forts, and in 1771 the Yankees, represented by 
forty settlers who came together from Connecticut, had 
erected a block house on the west side of the river, and given 
the spot the name of Forty Fort, which it still bears. On 
the river bank opposite South street in this town stood Fort 
Durkee. This was attacked by the Penn people, but the 
Yankees made a stout resistance, and held the fort for some 
time. Meanwhile the Pennamites in some way procured 
from clown the river an iron cannon, a four-pounder, and 
the sight of this engine of death seems to have paralyzed 
the garrison, who at once surrendered and fled the country. 
Then came the Paxton Rangers from Lancaster, under Capt. 
Stewart, who hated William Penn, for some alleged griev- 
ances in their own section of the State. Fort Durkee was 
attacked and captured for the Yankees. Captain Ogden 
still held the fort at Mill Creek, but the Connecticut folks, 
having now captured the old iron cannon, proved invincible, 
and laying siege to the fort, captured it. There was an- 
other block house called Fort Wyoming, on the river bank 
at what is now the Northampton street corner, and this, 
like Fort Durkee, was sometimes in the possession of one, 
and again of the other contestant. 

In 1775, Col. Plunket, in command of a force of seven 
hundred men from the West Branch of the Susquehanna, 
came up the river in boats, intending to enter the valley at 
Nanticoke, and drive out the Yankees from their settle- 
ments. Col. Plunket was accompanied by the sheriff of 
Northumberland county, who came representing the civil 
force of the Penn government, and whose purpose it was 
to arrest the Yankee leaders and land them in prison. 
But a small force, under Colonel Zebulon Butler, took 
possession of the high cliffs at the end of the valley, fortify- 
ing them in a hasty way, and, after a short engagement, 



1O4 THE pennamite and Yankee in Wyoming. 

repulsed Plunket's forces, and they retreated down the river. 
And this was the last effort made by the Penn people to 
drive out the Yankees from Wyoming by force of arms. 

Three years prior to the expedition of Col. Plunket, the 
Susquehanna Company at Hartford had adopted a code of 
laws for the government of the Wyoming settlement, and 
provided for the election of civil officers ; and in October, 
1773, the General Assembly of Connecticut had opened ne- 
gotiations with the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania, 
for an amicable adjustment of the Wyoming controversy. 
This effort proved a failure, and in 1774 all the territory 
within the Connecticut charter, extending from the Dela- 
ware river to a line fifteen miles west of the Susquehanna, 
was erected into a town named Westmoreland. This town 
embraced nearly five thousand square miles, and was made 
part of the Connecticut county of Litchfield. Zebulon But- 
ler and Nathan Denison were commissioned as justices, and 
the people proceeded to elect selectmen, collectors of taxes, 
grand jurors, and tything men, after the Connecticut fashion. 
Members of the general assembly were elected, and took 
their seats in the Connecticut legislature, travelling by In- 
dian paths on horseback to the Hudson, and thence pro- 
ceeding by sloop to Hartford. The population of Westmore- 
land at this time, was about two thousand, and the town 
embraced the territory of what now constitutes six counties 
in this state. At this point of time there was little left of 
the Penn government in Wyoming. The Yankee star was 
in the ascendant. 

And then came the war of the Revolution, in the midst 
of which, for six years, the local contest was lost sight of, 
in the grander struggle between the American colonies and 
the mother country. The Pennamite and the Yankee sus- 
pended the discussion of their respective rights to the pos- 
session of Wyoming, while the momentous issue of Amer- 
ican independence awaited the arbitrament of arms. The 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. IO5 

battles of Lexington on the 19th April, and of Bunker's 
Hill on the 17th June, 1775, aroused the patriotic ardor of 
the struggling colony in far off Wyoming. On the 1st of 
August a meeting was held in Wilkes-Barre to express the 
sentiment of the people, and I doubt whether in all the later 
history of our town, there has ever been a public demon- 
stration of a truer and more unselfish love of country. Let 
me read the resolutions then and there adopted : 

"At a meeting of ye Proprietors and Settlers of ye town 
of Westmoreland, legally warned and held in Westmoreland 
August 1st, 1775, Mr. John Jenkins was chosen Moderator 
for ye work of ye day. Voted that this town does now vote 
that they will strictly observe and follow ye rules and reg- 
ulations of ye Honorable Continental Congress, now sitting 
at Philadelphia. 

"Resolved by this town, that they are willing to make any 
accommodation with ye Pennsylvania party that shall con- 
duce to the best good of ye whole, not infringing on the 
property of any person, and join in common cause of Liberty 
in ye defence of America, and that we will amicably give 
them ye offer of joining in ye proposals as soon as may be. 

" Voted, This meeting is adjourned until Tuesday, ye 8th 
day of this instant, August, at one of the clock in ye after- 
noon, at this place. 

"This meeting is opened and held by an adjournment, 
August the 8th, 1775. 

" Voted, That this town has but of late been incorporated 
and invested with the privileges of the law, both civil and 
military, and now in a capacity of acting in conjunction with 
our neighboring towns, within this and the other colonies, 
in opposing ye late measures adopted by Parliament to en- 
slave America ; also, this town having taken into considera- 
tion the late plan adopted by Parliament, of enforcing their 
several oppressive and unconstitutional acts of depriving us 
of our property, and of binding us in all cases, without ex- 



106 THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

ception, whether we consent or not, is considered by us 
highly injurious to American or English freedom ; there- 
fore, we do consent to and acquiesce in the late proceedings 
and advice of the Continental Congress, and do rejoice that 
those measures are adopted and so universally received 
throughout the continent, and in conformity to the eleventh 
article of the association, we do now appoint a Committee to 
attentively observe the conduct of all persons within this town, 
touching the rules and regulations prescribed by the honor- 
able Continental Congress, and will unanimously join our 
brethren in America, in the common cause of defending our 
liberty. 

"Voted, That Mr. John Jenkins, Joseph Shuman, Esq., 
Nathan Dennison, Esq., Mr. Obadiah Gore, Jr., and Lieu- 
tenant William Buck, be chosen a committee of correspond- 
ence for ye town of Westmoreland. 

" Voted, That Jonathan Fitch, Mr. Anderson Dana, Capt. 
Wm. McKarrachen, Mr. Caleb Spencer, Capt. Samuel Ran- 
som, Lieut. George Dorrance, Mr. Asahel Buck, Mr. 
Stephen Harding, Mr. John Jenkins, Jr., Mr. Barilla Tyler, 
Jr., Mr. Elijah Witer, Mr. Nathan Kingsley, Mr. John Se- 
cord, and Mr. Robert Carr, be chosen a committee of in- 
spection for ye town of Westmoreland." 

As Westmoreland was at this time a Connecticut town, 
the men who went from here into the Continental army, 
were mustered into Connecticut regiments. Two companies, 
commanded respectively by Captains Durkee and Ransom, 
were promptly raised and mustered into service. The de- 
vastation of Wyoming, and the expedition of the mongrel 
force of tories and Indians, which swept down upon the de- 
voted valley in 1778 from the Canada frontier, would never 
have occurred, if the gallant Yankees who had volunteered 
their services to the country under Durkee, and Ransom, 
had been permitted, as they should have been, to stay here 
and garrison Wyoming. No more touching and heroic 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. IO7 

poem was ever written in the dry formula of human history, 
than the appeal made by the Wyoming people to their 
government, to send home their husbands and sons to pro- 
tect them from savage massacre, and the malevolence of the 
tory miscreants, who loitered along the edges of the settle- 
ment, spying out its weak and vulnerable points, and keep- 
ing the enemy well advised of the situation. 

It is not my purpose, and it would exceed the limit of 
your patience, to recite again the oft-told story of what is 
known in history as the Wyoming Massacre. But as you 
read the names upon the monument which perpetuates the 
memory of those who fell in defense of their Wyoming 
homes, you will observe that they are New England names. 
The Yankee and not the Pennamite, fought the battle of 
Wyoming, and ran the gauntlet of the scalping knife of the 
warrior, and the torture of Queen Esther at the bloody rock. 

When the Revolutionary war ended by the surrender of 
Lord Cornwallis on 19th October, 1 781, and the colonies 
were free, the question,Who owns Wyoming? again recurred. 
But now it was to be settled, not by war and bloodshed, but 
by the calm judgment of a judicial tribunal. At the joint 
request of Connecticut and Pennsylvania the Congress rec- 
ognized as commissioners to constitute a court the follow- 
ing gentlemen : William Whipple of New Hampshire, Wel- 
come Arnold of Rhode Island, Churchill Houston and 
David Brearly of New Jersey, and Cyrus Griffin of Virginia. 
The court thus constituted organized at Trenton on 12th 
November, 1782, listened to the testimony of witnesses and 
many documentary proofs, as well as to elaborate argument 
of learned counsel, and finally, on 30th December, 1782, 
announced their decision of the case as follows : 

" We are unanimously of opinion that Connecticut has no 
right to the lands in controversy. We are also unanimously 
of opinion that the jurisdiction and pre-emption of all the 
territory lying within the charter of Pennsylvania and now 



IOS THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. 

claimed by the state of Connecticut, do of right belong to 
the state of Pennsylvania." 

The jurisdiction of Connecticut in Wyoming and West- 
moreland, ceased with the decree of Trenton. 

On September 25, 1786, or four years after the decree in 
favor of Pennsylvania, an Act was passed erecting the county 
of Luzerne. The Yankees were still here in possession of the 
soil which they had cultivated with their hands, and enriched 
with their blood. But they were no longer united in senti- 
ment, and while the majority were willing to submit, and 
trust to the magnanimity of Pennsylvania to do them justice, 
others were recalcitrant, and looked to Connecticut and the 
Susquehanna Company to keep up the fight. About this 
time a formidable effort was made by the disaffected element, 
to organize a new state out of the Westmoreland country. 
If time permitted it would be an interesting study to con- 
template this singular episode in our local history. Gen'l 
Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticonderoga, and who demanded 
its surrender "in the name of the Almighty and of the Con- 
tinental Congress," came to Wyoming to head the move- 
ment, and succeeded in stirring up the people to such an 
extent that a new civil war seemed imminent. This new 
danger was averted chiefly through the sagacious diplomacy 
of Timothy Pickering, a Philadelphia lawyer of New Eng- 
land origin, who persuaded the people to abandon the new 
state project, and who was instrumental in securing from the 
legislature of Pennsylvania several quieting enactments, the 
most important of which was the compromise law of 1799, 
under which, and its supplements, the Pennsylvania claim- 
ants were compensated and the equities of the Connecticut 
settler recognized, where actual settlements had been made 
prior to the decree of Trenton, in any of the seventeen town- 
ships, as originally laid out under the Susquehanna Com- 
pany. To these actual settlers certificates were issued by 
Commissioners appointed for the purpose, which were fol- 



THE PENNAMITE AND YANKEE IN WYOMING. IOQ 

lowed by patents, issued to the certificate holders under the 
broad seal of Pennsylvania. And thus ended the Pennamite 
and Yankee war. 

Are we not justified in the claim that we are living on 
historic ground? This beautiful valley, once the haunt and 
the home of the Red Man, was to the wild instinct of the 
savage an Indian paradise. Here the maize grew almost of 
itself, and the little labor required in its cultivation was work 
for women. The children could take trout from the moun- 
tain streams and shad from the river. Wild fruits flourished 
in the woods. The braves brought home venison and game 
of many kinds, to keep the larder full. Here, later on, the 
Pennamite and Yankee struggled for dominion, and seldom 
met except in conflict. Here their descendants and suc- 
cessors now live in perfect peace, in the enjoyment of all the 
blessings which civilization, religion, education, wealth and 
culture vouchsafe to the most favored people. Wyoming 
is now the synonym for material prosperity and wide- 
spread wealth. From the mouth of the Lackawanna, to the 
point where the Susquehanna breaks through the mountain 
at Nanticoke, is but eighteen miles. But in that strip of 
earth, flanked on the east and west by our rugged mountains, 
lies buried more real value, than can be found anywhere on 
the globe within similiar territorial limits. Wyoming now 
is furnishing to the country, and the world, heat, and power, 
and light, as well as history, and poetry and romance. The 
shriek of the locomotive awakens now the echoes from the 
hills, which once responded to the Indian war whoop. And 
here are the representatives of all the nations of the earth. 
The Yankee and the Pennamite have been merged, and 
almost lost in this cosmopolitan composite, which now makes 
up the mass of our people. To leaven this mass, and to 
assimilate its many and somewhat discordant elements into a 
harmonious and peaceful whole is the problem of the new era. 





Bell of the Old Ship Zio\ 




THE BELL OF THE "OLD SHIP ZION." /// 

THE FIRST CHURCH BELL IN WILKES-BARRE. 

READ BEFORE THE WYOMING HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OCTOBER 9, 1S96, 
BY REV. NATHAN GR1ER PARKE, D. D. 



The church that stood on the Public Square, where the 
Wilkes-Barre Court House now stands, was the first church 
erected in Wilkes-Barre ; and the bell that hung in the 
tower of that church and for almost half a century called 
the people to worship, was the first church bell that was 
heard within the bounds of what is now the counties of 
Luzerne, Wyoming, Lackawanna and Susquehanna. 

It was not the first bell calling the people to the wor- 
ship of God, that was heard within the bounds of the terri- 
tory once included in Luzerne County. Bradford County 
was originally part of Luzerne, and the Moravians who 
were the pioneer missionaries to the Indians in Northern 
Pennsylvania, established a mission in the Wyalusing Val- 
ley in Bradford County, as early as 1764. It was an 
offshoot from their mission established in Nazareth and 
Bethlehem under the auspices of Count Zinzendorf as early 
as 1742. A monument recently erected near the mouth of 
the Wyalusing creek, marks the locality of the mission. 
Here in 1764 a mission house was erected, surmounted by 
a belfry in which was placed a bell that called the Indians 
and their teachers to worship " on the Sabbath and on 
other days esteemed holy by the Moravians." This Mora- 
vian mission bell, so far as is known, was the first church 
bell heard in this part of Pennsylvania. It was, however, a 
small affair compared with the bell that hung in the tower 
of the " Old Ship Zion," the silvery tone, of which, in its 
youth, reached as far north as Pittston and as far south as 
Nanticoke. From this locality — the Wyalusing Valley — 
the Indians in 1772, by the state authority, were removed 



1 1 2 THE BELL OF THE " OLD SHIP ZION." 

to the western part of the state, and subsequently to Mus- 
kingdom in Ohio. This move from the banks of the Sus- 
quehanna was made by the Indians very reluctantly and 
with sad hearts. Apparently to comfort them on their 
way, they took their church bell with them on the boats on 
which they floated away from their homes, and their church, 
and their graveyard. They placed the bell "in Timothy's 
(a Moravian Indian's) canoe that aheaded the squadron, and 
tolled it until the voyagers en route for the Allegheny 
Country, had rounded the point down the river which shut 
out from their view forever the " Huts of Peace." 

A Moravian friend in Bethlehem, who has given some 
attention to the history of the Moravian Indians, and their 
self-sacrificing teachers, is under the impression that the 
Indians took the bell to their new " Gnadenhutten," on 
the Muskingdom, Ohio, where it probably rests among 
their sacred relics. 

The bell of which I have been asked to write, that v/as 
heard for so many years in Wyoming Valley and the sur- 
rounding country from the tower of the " Old Ship Zion " 
is now in the possession of the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society, after more than half a century of faith- 
ful service and a somewhat migratory experience. 

A correspondent of one of our county journals, a few 
years since, after looking the bell over somewhat carefully, 
thus wrote of it: "Our Valley has few more interesting 
historical relics than this old bell. A dingy, rusty looking 
object, it is a mere pigmy in size as compared with some 
of its more sonorous neighbors. Up one side extends a 
crack, looking as though the bell had once received a 
heavy blow or had a severe fall during the course of its 
eventful career. One side of the bell is even rustier and 
blacker than the other, appearing as though it had been 
scorched by fire. There is enough metal in it to make one 
twice its size if it were ever recast, the lips or lower edge 



THE BELL OF THE " OLD SHIP ZION." I 13 

being very thick. Engraved upon the side in letters de- 
stined to last as long as the bell itself, is the date of its 
casting and the name of its founder: 'George Hedderly, 
Founder, Philadelphia, August the sixth, iSii.' Upon 
cither side immediately below the date of its casting appear 
these two latin sentences, on one side, ' Gloria in Excelsis 
Deo,' on the other, ' Fili Dei Miserere;' while around 
the lower edge of the bell appears this inscription in Eng- 
lish : ' I will sound and resound unto Thy people, O Lord, 
to call them to Thy word.' A free rendering of the Latin 
sentences would be — 'Glory to God in the highest' and 
' Have mercy on me, O, Son of God.' " 

The exact date of its purchase in Philadelphia, who 
bought it, and how it was conveyed here, over the moun- 
tains or by water, are matters we do not know. The prob- 
abilities are that it was bought by Judge Hollenback who 
was among the earliest merchants in the Valley, and inter- 
ested in building and maintaining the church in which it 
was hung. His old ledger might throw some light on this 
subject. The nearest approach to the date of the elevation 
of the bell into the tower of the church, is a statement of 
Elisha Atherton, who was born about the close of the last 
century. He said to the writer of this paper, some years 
before his death : " When I was a boy about twelve years 
old I accompanied my father to Wilkes-Barre, where he 
did his trading, as did nearly all the people of Luzerne 
County at that time, and while I sat in the wagon and 
held the horses, I saw the mechanics lifting the bell to its 
place in the tower of the church on the Square." As he 
remembered the event, there was a crowd of spectators 
present and the work, for want of suitable machinery, was 
tedious and difficult and somewhat dangerous. From this 
statement we infer that the bell must have been brought to 
Wilkes-Barre shortly after it was cast. The casting was in 
August 181 1, and sometime in 1812, shortly after the 



I 14 THE BELL OF THE "OLD SHIP ZION." 

building of the church was completed, the bell entered on 
its work of "sounding and resounding" to call the people 
to the sanctuary. This date corresponds with that given 
by Pearce in his Annals of Luzerne County. He says that 
the church was completed in 18 12, and that the ringing of 
the "Curfew Bell" commenced the same year, probably 
immediately after the hanging of the bell. 

As the church on the Square was a Union church, all 
Christian denominations represented in the town used it 
for their worship. The venerable Nathaniel Rutter, who 
came to reside in Wilkes-Barre in 1825, and at that time 
worshipped with the Episcopalians, says : " When I came 
here there were three congregations worshipping in the old 
church, which was the only church in the town, viz. the 
Presbyterians or Congregationalists, the Methodists and 
the Episcopalians, and the same bell served them all." 

Besides this service for these congregations, it was the 
curfew bell for the town. Its voice was heard every even- 
ing at nine o'clock, virtually saying to young men and 
maidens who were out, that it was time they were at home. 
Young men who courted their wives in Wilkes-Barre, fifty 
or sixty years ago, when the Puritan spirit prevailed to a 
greater extent than it does now, were not always pleased 
with this signal " to leave," after which the window shutters 
were closed. After ringing at nine o'clock every night it 
gave the day of the month. Besides this, it tolled at every 
funeral, and gave the age of the person who was being laid 
to rest. 

The sexton of the church whose duty and privilege it 
was to give direction to the service of the bell for some 
thirty years, was known as "old Michael." He was a 
native of Geneva, Switzerland, and came to Wilkes-Barre in 
1 802. Henry Ward Beecher is represented as saying that 
" the Lord never made but one good sexton, and he served 
in his father's church." But Beecher did not know Michael. 



THE BELL OF THE" OLD SHIP ZION. 1 1 5 

Dr. John Dorrance, who knew him well, esteemed him 
highly and wrote of him tenderly and lovingly when his 
work was done. Michael had his idiosyncracies, but he 
was marvelously faithful in all his work ; and of no part of 
his work was he more faithful than in ringing the bell of 
which he was the official guardian, and its voice was sel- 
dom heard except at his bidding. There was no great skill 
required in ringing the bell, but Michael was only satisfied 
that the work was properly done when he did it himself. 
No lighthouse keeper on our Atlantic coast is more watch- 
ful of his lamp than Michael was of this old bell, now in 
the custody of this Historical Society. An excellent sketch 
of John Michael Kienzle is published in the Wilkes-Barre 
Historical Record, Vol. I, page 173. 

The Presbyterians of Wilkes-Barre left the church on the 
Square, and built for themselves a house of worship on 
Franklin street during the pastorate of the Rev. Dr. Nich- 
olas Murray, between 1829 and 1833. They did this partly 
because of some misunderstanding with their Methodist 
brethren as to the property rights in the old church, and 
partly because they wished a more comfortable place of 
worship. The spire of the old church was confessedly 
graceful and its pews uncomfortable. The new church cost 
them their pastor. The congregation of Elizabeth, N. J., 
to which Mr. Murray was sent to solicit funds to build the 
new church, was pleased with the young preacher and 
called him, and he accepted the call. Going into the new 
house did not relieve the old bell from service for the Pres- 
byterians. It continued to be the only church bell in 
Wilkes-Barre, so far as we know, until 185 1, when the 
Presbyterian congregation moved into the house now 
used and owned by the Osterhout Free Library, in the 
tower of which a new bell, purchased by Mr. Rutter, Mrs. 
McClintock and Mrs. Wright, was hung, " to sound and 
resound " in calling Presbyterian people to the house of 



I 1 6 THE BELL OF THE "OLD SHIP ZION." 

God. The Methodists about this time, completed a new 
brick church on Franklin street, the predecessor of the 
elegant church in which they now worship. The Episco- 
palians had some years previously, in 1822, withdrawn 
from the old church on the Square, and erected a small 
frame house on Franklin street, where their commodious 
and well-appointed sanctuary now stands. (On the authori- 
ty of Judge Woodward I may state that the Episcopal 
Church on Franklin street, of 1822, had a bell. When hung 
we do not know.) 

As a result of these progressive movements on the part 
of the churches, the mission of the " Old Ship Zion " and 
its bell, so far as Wilkes-Barre was concerned, was at an 
end; and in 1857 they were sold and purchased by Mr. 
George Hollenback and Judge Oristus Collins. Most of 
the lumber in the house was purchased, when it was taken 
down, by W. C. Gildersleeve, who used it in building a 
barn in the rear of his house on Franklin street. The bell, 
when being taken down, fell some distance, and was so in- 
jured as to very materially affect its market value. 

The Presbyterians of Pittston, who had just completed a 
new house of worship and were feeling the hard times of 
1857 and 1858, proposed to buy for their new sanctuary 
this damaged bell of Messrs. Hollenback and Collins. It 
was judged good enough for a young church that had very 
little money. Mr. Collins, who was not troubled with sen- 
timent, was entirely willing to sell, but Mr. Hollenback 
seriously objected. The bell was almost as near to him as 
to the old Sexton. It was associated in his mind with all 
his early life. It had tolled at the funeral of his parents, 
and that of his friends and relatives who had lived and died 
in Wilkes-Barre. He did not wish it taken from the town. 
It belonged to him in more senses than one. In his judg- 
ment Wilkes-Barre had no more interesting historic relic. 
Through the persuasion of his wife, and his sister, Mrs. 



THE BELL OF THE "OLD SHIP ZION." I \J 

Chester Butler, who were warm friends and helpers of the 
Pittston church, Mr. Hollenback consented to let the bell 
go to Pittston with the understanding, however, that it 
should not go out of the valley. It was purchased and 
taken to Pittston. There it did good service until after the 
sanctuary in which the Presbyterians now worship on 
Franklin street was completed. Then it came back to 
Wilkes-Barre. The Osterhout Free Library purchased of 
the Presbyterians their church building. They did not 
purchase the bell that hung in the tower, but they (the 
Presbyterians) did not propose to hang it in the tower of 
their new church, and it was for sale. 

It then occurred to the pastor of the Presbyterian church 
of Pittston that the way was now open to return the old 
bell to the home of its youth. He communicated with 
Judge Dana, at that time President of Library Board, and 
proposed to present the bell to the society. The result you 
know. The Wilkes-Barre bell, taken from the Osterhout 
Library building, which the Building Committee of the 
Presbyterian church generously offered to sell for less than 
half its value, was purchased and placed in the tower of 
the First Presbyterian church of Pittston, where it is now 
doing service ; and the bell of the " Old Ship Zion " came 
back to Wilkes-Barre, to rest in the care of those whose 
fathers and mothers it served so faithfully in the days of its 
youth and its advanced life. 

The old liberty bell that called together the men who 
signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and that 
is so carefully guarded and cared for in our Quaker city, 
and is associated with the trials and struggles and life of 
our nation, is among the richest of our national treasures. 
Money could not buy it. Without its environment of 
patriotic sentiment it is worth nothing more than any other 
old bell. With this environment its value to us cannot be 
computed in dollars and cents. This old church bell that 



Il8 THE BELL OF THE*' OLD SHIP ZION." 

has done such faithful public service in this valley for three- 
quarters of a century, and of which this Historical Society 
has become the trusted custodian, has a value here that it 
can have nowhere outside of Wilkes-Barre. Its voice was 
not heard in the days of the Revolution in our first struggle 
with the mother country, when our beautiful valley was 
baptized with the blood of patriots, but the bell was here 
in the War of 1812 and its voice was heard in notes of 
gladness when victory perched upon our banners. To the 
sons, and daughters, and wives, and mothers of many of 
those who perished in the Wyoming Massacre, in 1778, its 
voice was familiar. Some of them never heard any other 
church bell ; and when they rested from their labors, it 
tolled their death knell. 

To those who will visit these Historical Rooms in days to 
come, descendants of the Wyoming pioneers whom we de- 
light to honor, this bell will have nothing to say orally any 
more than the Sphinx that looks out over the valley of the 
Nile, but it will be a reminder of the fact that their fathers, 
whatever others may have thought, had faith in God and in 
the Son of God to whose service it was dedicated before it 
was born, and to whose service it was most faithfully given. 

SUPPLEMENT. 

EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF MR. CHARLES I. A. CHAPMAN. 



The bell of which you inquire, at the time I was a boy 
in Wilkes-Barre, was the " Town Bell," the " Court House 
Bell," being in evidence only on the first Monday of 
January, April, August and November, except by special 
dispensation, first of " Old Michael " and second of the 
authorities at the " Fire Proof." Dispensation of Michael 
Kienzle ! Blessed old impersonation of loyalty — Legitimacy, 
I had almost said of Sovereignty and Feudalism ! Sexton, 
Burgess, Magister, Bailiff, Town Warden and General Fac- 



4* 



I 

Ml 






jig 

Ulfi 

IHIf 



?*&m 
















C^ 



THE BELL OF THE " OLD SHIP ZION." I 19 

totum ! how shall I describe thy virtues, thy accomplish- 
ments ! How tell of the blood-curdling- effect of thy threat 
with the uplifted cane, or of the genial old Dutch warmth 
of the bestowed pcn?iy to an unusually peaceable gamin ! 
Let me leave the bell a moment while I recall the indigna- 
tion of your mien when one morning you saw at " Bow- 
man's Corner " the new sign of B. F. Wells, an interloper 
from " Jersey," who had dared to put up on his house the 
words "Meat Market." "Take dat sign down Michter 
Wells ! Dere ish but one Market in dish town, and dat 
ish over yonder !" pointing across to the little, long, one- 
story brick shed which stood exactly in the center of 
Market Street, adorned with chopping blocks and great 
hooks on which hung temporarily the ladders and leather 
fire buckets, and by which stood the mighty " Reliance " 
fire engine, one of the " Seven Wonders " of my boyhood. 
"Take dat sign down or I takes him down !" But the sign 
kept its place and the triumph of the "Jersey Man" was 
the beginning of a long line of defeats and innovations 
endured by "Yankeedom" ending in the banishing of the 
swamp water from the Square, the immediate death of the 
frogs, and the prohibition, yea ! the tyrannical prohibi- 
tion ! of free cow-pasture on the Square, also the stopping 
of the 9 o'clock Curfew, and the consequent termination 
of Michael's reign forever ! God bless his memory ! How 
we used to watch for that " bowl of pennies " with which 
the old man occasionally came into the door of St. Stephen's 
Vestry Room, pennies for distribution, "all for us," but 
to be immediately dropped into the " offering " plate. 

I must let the old man go with one more little story — 
how we scattered one fine night at his sudden appearance 
at the head of a ladder on Franklin street. It was not 
" Progressive Euchre " but " Old Sledge," and I was that 
night to be initiated into its mysteries by Bill Jones, Coke 
Gibbs and Joe LeClerc. But alas " the best laid plans of 
mice and men gang aft agley " — the venerable head, the 



120 THE BELL OF THE OLD SHIP ZION. 

cane and lantern appeared on the scene as unexpectedly as 
the " Ghost of Banquo," and the terrible words " I takes the 
money and the candles and does you all in the jail !" How 
we scattered ! and to this day the cold chills crawl over me 
when I think of the scene, and I impute to that interview 
the fact that I have never become a proficient at cards. 

But the bell. I am away off from the bell. I know 
nothing as to where it was cast, and have forgotten even 
the inscription, but the sound is in my ear forever — the 
hallowed sound that struck my ear on such a September 
morning as this of my writing, or as on those Indian summer 
mornings which are close at hand — struck my expectant 
ear, when with Testament in hand and shoes duly blacked 
I started at its summons for the little White Church on 
Franklin street, to join my class under Judge Conyngham or 
Wm. Norton or Nathan Rutter, or occasionally wended my 
way to " Mr. Dorrance's Meeting" in company with Bert 
Conyngham or Henry Wells or Frank Butler or Tom 
Lynch. Oh ! those were halcyon days — the days after the 
" Baker Revival." Then — oh then, the bell had a charm, 
a music almost angelic! I think of it sometimes when I see 
a magazine picture of angels ringing Christmas bells. 
You've all seen it. Then how we used to listen to the 
sound on the night of July 3rd! It seemed as though the 
whole of Colonial History, the voices of Washington and 
all his generals were coming to us as we woke from the 
first nap and heard that bell and listened for the " Old 
Sullivan Gun " which soon followed with the first salute ! 
Town of my youth ! I have spent with thee but few days 
of my adult life, but I love thee — how I love thee — how I 
love and cherish all thy memories, and think of thee amid 
the wakefulness of these glorious autumn nights. 

"The smiles, the tears of boyhood's years, the words of love then spoken, 
The eyes that shone now dimmed and gone, the aching hearts now broken ; 
Thus in the stilly night ere slumber's chain hath bound me, 
Fond memory brings the light of other days around me." 



THE CONNECTICUT CHARTER )%} 

AND 

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS. D. D., OF GUILFORD, CONN., DELIVEPED IN 
THE ROOMS OF THE WYOMING HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY BEFORE 
THE WYOMING MEMBERS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY OF THE SONS OF 
THE REVOLUTION, THE MEMBERS OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY AND OTHERS 
JULY 4, 1895. 



Ladies and Gentlemen, Children of the Revolution : 

I know that you will forgive a Connecticut man 
for being glad to believe that some of you cherish among 
your Revolutionary heirlooms commissions signed by Jona- 
than Trumbull. You will forgive me for aspiring to a share 
in your proud memories of Revolutionary heroes who fought 
under Zebulon Butler, in the 24th Connecticut Regiment. 
You will forgive me, too, as a native of Litchfield county, 
for the pleasure with which I read the other day that in the 
great year 1776, the Connecticut Assembly gave John Jen- 
kins, of the town of Westmoreland, in that county, leave to 
build a powder mill within its limits, limits which'included 
this spot. And when I remind you that the glorious 
struggle in behalf of which that ancient commonwealth used 
such authority here, resulted in the extinction of all the 
claims to jurisdiction, and nearly all the claims to territory 
based upon her charter from King Charles II., outside the 
small district which she now occupies, and at the same time 
assure you that the citizens of Connecticut rejoice with you 
to-day over the the Declaration of Independence, with as 
little thought as you of the vast possessions which it cost 
them, and with as few regrets, you will easily understand that 
I am not about to discuss questions of claims, or of rights, 
or any question as to which all of us cannot be in the fullest 
sympathy. But I doubt whether any theme can better ac- 
cord with the time and place than one to be indicated in a 



122 ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 

general way by naming the two instruments to which I have 
just referred — the Charter of Connecticut and the Declaration 
of Independence. And I shall try to show you how the re- 
cognition given in the former to the People, by a King, 
helped to prepare for the People's accession, announced in 
the latter, to a throne loftier than a King's. 

The Charter of Connecticut was granted on the twenty- 
third of April, 1662, and the territory which it gave to the 
freemen of the colony was very much larger than his Ma- 
jesty's kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland. It extended 
from Narragansett Bay to the Pacific Ocean, and, roughly 
speaking, occupied the space between the forty-first and 
forty-second parallels of latitude. Narrow as this strip of 
land was when we consider its enormous length of nearly 
twenty-seven hundred miles, and nearly impossible as it was 
that the whole of it should ever be controlled by one local 
government, there is much which kindles the imagination in 
the King's grant to Connecticut. It was a domain which 
embraced long reaches of half the great rivers on the conti- 
nent; which was washed by Lake Erie and Lake Michigan and 
the Great Salt Lake; within which lay the noble hills which 
make the lower Hudson more picturesque than the Rhine, 
-and that California Alp, Mt. Shasta, with its robe of glaciers, 
seamed with sapphire, its white crown set with ruby by the 
sun as he plunges into the western sea ; within which now 
stands that wonderful embodiment of material strength and 
greatness, the Black Babylon besides Lake Michigan, now 
more memorable' for its appeal to the spiritual nature in the 
vision of beauty which it summoned mankind to gaze at, the 
" White City; " lying like a newly found pearl in its rose- 
stained shell ; a domain in which poetry has woven garlands 
which do not fade, in which History mines for the " stone 
most precious," the diamond of constancy, of manly courage 
and womanly patience ; where this happy festival was once 
kept in such grief and dread, amidst the unburied bodies of 



ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. I 23 

your dead heroes, boys and aged men, by the surrender to 
fierce marauders of the rude stronghold which had guarded 
this Valley, and by the conflagration which consumed your 
infant city, while our festival received here a fresh and more 
solemn consecration from " sorrow * * Priestess in the 
vaults of Death." (July 3, 1778.) 

To me, accustomed to think of my native state, though I 
find its outward aspect full of charm and its story crowded 
,with noble achievements, as nevertheless always seeming to 
be clad in homespun, there is a strange fascination in the 
thought of the jeweled zone clasped by a monarch's careless 
hand about the virgin continent, and carelessly labeled Con- 
necticut. 

But King Charles, the second, was really doing far more 
than he dreamed of. He was yielding the immemorial claim 
of king's to the ownership of the earth. The charter begins 
by reciting, as the motive for granting it, the acquisition of 
the soil which the grantees occupied by purchase and con- 
quest, and its subjugation and improvement " at the only 
endeavor, expense and charge of them and their associates 
and those under whom they claim." That is to say, the 
King was giving the colonists their own. He was making 
confession that those who had redeemed the wilderness for 
civilization were its rightful possessors. The reservation of 
one-fifth of the gold and silver " in lieu of all demands," 
showed that the newly recognized lords of the soil had still 
a lord paramount, but they never had any gold or silver ore 
to give him. Of course the colonists of 1662, had then sub- 
dued little more of the wilderness than lay along their chief 
river and by the sea. The Housatonic valley was scarcely 
less a waste than the valley of the Susquehanna. But their 
children and children's children might subdue the whole, 
and they have in fact been found fighting ever since among 
the " captains of industry " throughout a far vaster realm 
than the charter gave their fathers. And the charter in 



124 ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 

effect declared that the Connecticut belt belonged to the 
people of that time, and of all time ; the King's claim gave 
way to the people's claim forever. 

But what sort of a guardian did the King prove of the 
territorial rights which he conceded so royally? Little 
more than a year had passed when the charter of Rhode 
Island (July 8th, 1663), began to thrust the Connecticut 
border back from the shore of Narragansett Bay, greatly, 
be it said, to the enrichment of our history, in which we 
should sadly miss the stirring tale of that small common- 
wealth. In less than two years (March, 1664) King Charles 
gave his brother, the Duke of York, the territory between 
the Delaware and the Connecticut, calmly robbing his sub- 
jects not only of what they had received as his grant, but of 
a large part of the soil which they themselves had won from 
nature. The compromise which was soon effected merely 
gave the Duke of York the eastern boundary which Con- 
necticut had years before (1650) conceded to the Dutch, 
(whose claim to the valley of the Hudson was better than 
that of anybody else), and deprived Connecticut of no terri- 
tory in that direction which she ought to have possessed. 
But ten years later (i674-'75) the royal brothers again 
illustrated the perfidy of the Stuarts by the issue and the 
acceptance of a patent which once more extended New York 
to the river Connecticut. This dismemberment, which an 
armed force actually attempted to accomplish, the colonists 
successfully protested against, acting, as its rulers naturally 
said, "in faithfulness to our royal sovereign, and in obedience 
to his Majesty's commands, in his gracious charter to this 
Colony." (Trumbull, I., 329.) To repel this invasion of 
their rights was a matter of life and death to the colonists, 
but there must have been much honest enjoyment in being 
able to do it by proclaiming their fidelity to the sovereign 
who was so false to them. How false he was and how 
much value he set upon an instrument bearing his own 



ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 1 25 

kingly seal, was shown once more in 1681, when he gave 
away five degrees in longitude of the territory which he 
himself had made Connecticut soil, lying west of the Dela- 
ware. William Penn was a far worthier recipient of royal 
bounty than James Stuart, but the transaction sufficiently 
completes our illustration of the security which charters, as 
grants of territory, enjoyed in the keeping of the crown. 
Perhaps the most prominent result of royal action in parti- 
tioning the American soil has been disputes about bound- 
aries, barely ended to-day. 

On the Fourth of July, 1776, a new sovereign, not then 
clearly recognized as such, assumed the essential rights and 
powers of the King of England. The signers of the Dec- 
laration of Independence spoke " in the name and by the 
authority of the good people of these colonies," and the 
People had become royal. The people declared the thirteen 
colonies independent states, and the people had nearly won 
independence for the states, before, in 1781, the Articles of 
Confederation assumed to transform a nation into a league 
of sovereignties. And before this unconcious abdication of 
the still uncrowned king (an abdication which never really 
took effect), his voice was heard speaking through the Con- 
tinental Congress, and summoning one state and another to 
yield to the people what the people was soon to win, the 
vast regions stretching beyond the settlements to the Mis- 
sissippi. (September 6th, 1780.) To this region there were 
other claimants besides Connecticut, pleading similiar royal 
grants. For six hundred miles Virginia was her next neigh- 
bor on the south, like Massachusetts on the north, and these 
three no longer asserted ownership to the Pacific only be- 
cause other kings, besides the king of England, there chal- 
lenged the ownership of the earth, and he had not made 
good his rights against them. In short, two-thirds of the 
royal land-grants had been practically void from the outset. 
The demand for the surrender of nearly all the rest, now 



126 ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 

urged by Congress, not in the name of States (for the clai- 
mant States out-numbered the others) but of the Union, that is 
of the American people, was reasonable and just. It rested 
on the principle underlying the Connecticut charter, that the 
lands belonged to those who had expended blood and treas- 
ure for them and could effectively occupy them. And when 
Connecticut offered (October ioth, 1780) to cede the larger 
part of what she claimed west of Pennsylvania, she was, 
while seeming to relinquish chartered rights, in fact main- 
taining the spirit of the charter. That instrument, with 
others more or less resembling it, had virtually transferred 
control over the territory west of the Atlantic from King to 
people; a people capable of exercising that control had an- 
nounced itself in the Declaration of Independence, and Con- 
necticut, with her sister states, now recognized the new 
power, the new sovereignty, freely indeed, yet loyally. The 
formal cession of the land in question was delayed for some 
years longer (1786), but the offer was, and was felt to be, a 
sufficient pledge that the people's demand would be re- 
spected. 

Far more significant, as it seems to me, of the new order 
which the Declaration of Independence opened, and of the 
fact that a new king had been therein proclaimed, more 
completely master of the American soil and ruler over the 
American commonwealths than any King of England ever 
was, was what took place in November, 1782. The Articles 
of Confederation had meanwhile gone into effect, and in 
them Mr. Bancroft says that "America had seated anarchy 
deep in the very source of legislation." The states were 
separate sovereignties, and there was, as far as the Articles 
went, scarcely any central authority at all. (Cent. ed. vi., 
352-3.) Yet those Articles had provided that the " United 
States, in Congress assembled," should " be the last resort 
on appeal " in all disputes between states about boundaries, 
jurisdiction and everything else. And under this provision 
the United States, that is the people of America, took away 



ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 1 27 

from Connecticut what was left of her claim under her char- 
ter, alike as to territory and jurisdiction. Five degrees of 
longitude and one of latitude then passed at the mandate 
of a sovereign who had done his best to make himself im- 
potent, from Connecticut to Pennsylvania. 

Connecticut had, three months after the Declaration of 
Independence was issued, interpreted that document for 
herself by declaring the King's charter to be now the Con- 
stitution of the State "under the sole authority of the people 
thereof," adding that " this republic (Connecticut) is, and 
shall forever be and remain a free, sovereign and independ- 
ent state." 

Nevertheless, she now recognized the power which had 
made her free and given her such sort of sovereignty and 
such a degree of independence as she could possess, namely 
the power resident in the people of the United States, as 
entitled to deprive her of almost the last remnant of what 
her charter gave her. And the decision to which she sub- 
mitted, whatever its legal quality may have been, was not 
only to be defended on grounds of high expediency, but 
was on the whole in accordance with the spirit of the char- 
ter. While seeming to nullify that instrument, still so fondly 
cherished, it embodied its fundamental principle, that the 
people occupying one territory, large or small, ought to 
control the whole of it. 

And with this it embodied the republican doctrine asserted 
by Connecticut, when, in the very act of confirming the 
charter, she had disowned dependence " on any King or 
Prince whatever." In saying this she had not perceived 
(and therefore had not denied) the revelation made just be- 
fore of the sovereignty of the people, but she could not have 
proclaimed that sovereignty with more solemnity than by 
the obedience which she rendered in 1782. And while she 
felt herself to have been deprived of a rightful possession, 
she had in fact lost to Pennsylvania what she had been ready 
to yield not quite a generation before (1755) to the new 



128 ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 

commonwealth which her citizens,with her full approbation, 
then intended to establish on the Susquehanna. That other 
commonwealths, wholly independent of her, should be estab- 
lished on her lands still farther west would have assuredly 
been equally agreeable to her; and while she would not 
have given her land to the province of Pennsylvania, the 
diminution of territory which she now suffered unwillingly 
was presumably no more than she would once have freely 
consented to. 

But what particularly interests us is this : that the lord- 
ship of the soil/vested by the royal charters in certain bodies 
of British subjects which might be regarded as so many 
distinct peoples, was at last vested by the Declaration in one 
people. And that one people, not yet duly organized as a 
nation, dared to use its lordship in the presence of well- 
organized commonwealths, each fancying itself supreme. In 
those earlier instruments the monarchs of England had un- 
consciously evoked a sovereign on this hemisphere whose 
word of power was heard in the later one, and thenceforth 
the bodies politic erected by a distant ruler felt, if they did 
not know, that "the shout of a king was among them." 

But far more interesting and important than any grants 
of territory is the erection by charter of those bodies politic ; 
especially interesting and important is the recognition of 
political rights given in the charter of Connecticut. It was 
a recognition and confirmation rather than an original grant, 
for those rights were already in use, but it was marvellous 
that a Stuart king, seeing them in use, should not rather 
have snatched them away. Instead of that he solemnly 
established in the " body pollitique " called Connecticut, a 
nearly independent republic of the most democratic type. 
Its people chose all their local rulers, including the governor, 
who everywhere else except in Rhode Island, and for a 
time in Massachusetts, represented, vigorously, the supreme 
authority in England. They set up their own courts, in 
their own way, for determining all causes; they were allowed 



ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. I 29 

" to Make, Ordaine and Establish all manner of wholesome 
and reasonable Lawes, Statutes," and so forth, "not contrary 
to the Lawes of this Realme of England." And their con- 
formity to English laws was to be ascertained, not by send- 
ing them to England for revision, but as a Connecticut jurist 
seems to have convinced Lord Hillsborough in 1768, 
through the judicial interpretation which they might receive 
when particular cases should come before the courts. Every 
function of government was to be exercised here, in every 
form short of absolute severeignty, and the charter of 
Charles II., had in fact recognized a state, a true political 
society, within the king's dominions, standing beside and 
really outside of, his " Realme of England." He did not 
know it, but by this act pre-eminently (though other acts 
of kindred character were performed by himself and others), 
his dominions were undergoing transformation from a nation 
into an empire and the British constitution was becoming 
imperial. There was to be henceforth, as the late Mr. Green 
put it, " an aggregate of political bodies " grouped around 
" a central state," instead of " an aggregate of individual 
citizens," forming one state. 

Others perceived this as little as the king. The idea that 
true political societies, essentially differing from "other cor- 
porations within" the kingdom, such as boroughs and banks, 
societies * * exercising almost independent powers of 
government was, I will not say unwelcome, it was unintelligi- 
ble to English statesmen. Lord Hillsborough called it a 
century later (1768) "a polytheism in politics." It neverthe- 
less took place as a process of historical development, and 
the charter of Connecticut is one of the momentous indica- 
tions that the process was going forward. 

The failure of England to see this, or, to quote Mr. Green 
once more, " to grasp the difference between an empire and 
a nation," the attempt of England to govern America as if 
its colonies were mere " districts of individual citizens," in- 
stead of political societies with large political rights, was 



I3O ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 

what produced the Revolution and the independence of 
America. In fact the place of Connecticut in the British 
Empire was curiously like that which she and her sister 
states now occupy in the Federal Union, and the federal 
system is an evolution from the imperial system. The 
nation, the " central state," is present as of old, but it now 
occupies the same territory as the states, and is the aggre- 
gate of the citizens of all of them, considered as individuals. 
How thoroughly, though so unwittingly, King Charles had 
done the work of erecting states, with adequate powers of 
self-government, is shown by the simple fact that the people 
of Connecticut could use his charter as their state constitu- 
tion until 18 18, as the people of Rhode Island used theirs 
until 1842. It long served its purpose as easily in the 
American Union as in the British Empire. And it kept the 
people of Connecticut thoroughly loyal to the crown ; they 
were intensely proud of their place in the empire. And 
their loyalty was in part the result of their freedom ; they 
profoundly reverenced the crown of England because they 
were Englishmen, and also because it left them as freemen, 
to take care of Connecticut pretty much as they pleased. 

But how did the crown of England guard and cherish 
these priceless rights of the little commonwealth ? Was the 
charter viewed as a grant of political power, safer in royal 
keeping than it was as a grant of territory ? In the very act 
of issuing the charter the crown terminated the existence of 
another commonwealth, very much against the will of those 
most concerned, the Jurisdiction of New Haven. This 
small state has an interest of its own as formed by the com- 
bination of half a dozen still smaller states (in one of which, 
now the town of Guilford, I have the happiness to live), al- 
though these minute republics did not, I think, form a 
federal union. But in entering into combination as a single 
state they used at least as much power of original political 
action as the states which now constitute our Union. The 
political society so formed was crushed by the charter itself, 



ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D. D. 1 3 1 

leaving us, on the shore of Long Island Sound, our own 
grievance as respects Connecticut, though the benefits which 
came of the enforced absorption soon caused the grievance 
to be forgiven and forgotten. 

And this aggression on the unchartered rights of New 
Haven was followed by a long series of attempted aggres- 
sions on the chartered rights of Connecticut. The successor 
of Charles II., his brother James, tried, in 1687, to beguile 
the people into surrendering the charter, and as tradition 
tells us, compelled them to hide it in the famous oak, which 
so became more memorable and sacred than the royal oak 
which concealed King Charles himself, after the battle of 
Worcester; and, as history tells us, compelled them to sub- 
mit for nearly two years to a government contrary to the 
charter, and therefore a usurpation. In 1693, William III., 
(who was finally constrained to recognize the charter as still 
valid) sent the governor of New York to take the com- 
mand, unauthorized by the charter, of the Connecticut troops, 
though the extreme fondness of a Connecticut captain for 
martial music made it impossible for the people to hear the 
new commander's commission read, and he never got com- 
mand. All through the eighteenth century (or three quarters 
of it) the colony was in constant alarm for the precious in- 
strument which sheltered the colonial liberties. Under each 
successor of Charles II. down to George III., the loss of the 
charter was dreaded, and the defence of the charter was the 
most important duty of an agent of Connecticut (one of the 
most accomplished statesmen of the Revolutionary period, 
William Samuel Johnson), who spent five of the eleven years, 
between the Stamp Act and the Declaration of Independence, 
in London, watching the Parliament and the Ministry. The 
charter was never utterly lost but it was never safe. 

The accession of the new sovereign, the People, on the 
Fourth of July, 1776, as we may say, took the form of an 
announcement that all charters were safe, that the political 
societies existing here were confirmed in their powers of 



132 ADDRESS BY REV. WILLIAM G. ANDREWS, D D. 

self-government. What makes this festival so glorious is 
the signing in the name of the American people, of the great 
instrument which declared those societies, the colonies, 
"free and independent states." They were independent, 
that is to say, of foreign control. The people which emanci- 
pated them being the people which inhabited and controlled 
their whole territory, scarcely meant to declare them inde- 
pendent of itself. Of course the Federal system with its 
combination of central and local government was not de- 
scribed in the Declaration ; it was simply growing into form 
under the action of historic forces. But central and local 
governments, the nation and the states, were both present. 
And the presence of the states and the security of their 
rights under their new sovereign, made their sovereign's 
power and dignity not royal but imperial. 

The charter of Connecticut was now in safer keeping than 
ever before, and while that commonwealth continued to show 
its ancient jealousy for state rights, the instrument which 
certified them remained secure until the people of Connecti- 
cut chose to replace it by another. 

The people of America, the sovereign people, wear there- 
fore the crown of empire. It is to wear it worthily, not, 
chiefly, by reproaching its agents of whatever sort with un- 
faithfulness to their great trust. If magistrates and legisla- 
tures are worse than we are ourselves it is our own fault that 
they are magistrates and legislatures. What we have to do 
is to see to it that we are, each one of us, as men and women, 
worthy of our inheritance of virtue. A Son of the Revolu- 
tion is " heir of all the ages," and the great treasure of the 
ages is the character, manly and womanly, which is wrought 
(as it was on this spot), by heroism and sacrifice. As each 
individual citizen is what every citizen is pledged to be, each 
state, and the nation, will be noble and pure. And our 
empress, America, will keep her bright crown untarnished; 
no hand, then, shall ever snap that beautiful girdle which 
the hand of history has set with stars. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS, }$$ 

NOTICED LN THE 

SUSQUEHANNA DEMOCRAT, published at wilkes-barre, pa., from june 27, 

1828, TO OCTOBER 9, 1S3I, INCLUSIVE. 

WYOMING REPUBLICAN, published at Kingston, pa., from april 18,1832, to 

march 4, 1S35, INCLUSIVE. 
WYOMING REPUBLICAN AND HERALD, published at Kingston, pa., from 

MARCH II, 1835, TO DECEMBER I, 1836. 

Compiled by George C. Lewis, Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 



Date at extreme right of page designates paper in which notice was published. 



AYKES, ELIJAH, of Exeter, Pa., died suddenly May 4, 1829 . May 8, 1829. 
ABBOTT, JOHN, married to Miss Hannah, daughter, of Cornelius Courtright,_ 

March II, 1830 March 19, 1830. 

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM H., married to Miss Maria Ulp, daughter of Bar- 

nett Ulp, December 2, 1830 December 10, 1830. 

AKERLY, MISS JANE., married to Major Clark, Dec. 30, 1S30 . Jan. 7, 1S31. 
ADAM, infant son of J. J. Adam, died January 4, 1S31 . . January 7, 183 1. 
ABBOTT, DORMAN, eldest son of Abrel Abbott, of Mauch Chunk, died at 

Bethlehem, February 6, 1833, February 13, 1S33. 

ABBOTT, PHILIP, died March 8, 1S34 March 12, 1S34. 

AGARD, JOHN, of Nichols, N. Y., married to Miss Martha P., daughter of 

General Samuel Thomas, March 6, 1834 March 12, 1S34. 

ALKINS, HART, married to Miss Sarah Eick, October 19, 1S34, both of 

W'ilkes-Barre, November 12, 1834. 

ATWATER, MISS LYDIA, married to Avery \V. Bailey, at Providence, Pa., 

November 3, 1834 November 12, 1834. 

ATWATER, CHARLES T., married to Miss Elizabeth Snyder, at Providence, 

Pa., November 3, 1834 November 12, 1S34. 

AVERY, MISS EMILY, daughter of Henry Avery, of Salem, Wayne county, 

Pa., married to Albert Skeer, of Kingston, Pa., December 16, 1S34, 

December 24, 1834. 

ALLABAUGH, SARAH, married to Jacob Gruver, June 4,1835, June 17,1835. 
ALRICKS, MISS JANE, daughter of the late James Alricks, married to Ovid 

F. Johnson, at Harrisburg, Pa., July 2S, 1835 . . . August 12, 1S35. 
ALCHLEY, JAMES, died suddenly near Nanticoke, aged 60 years, June 6, 

1S36 June 8, 1836. 

ARNDT, A. H., of Green Bay, Wisconsin Territory, married to Miss Caroline 

M. Albright, of New Troy, Pa., August 30, 1836 . . . Sept. 7, 1S36. 
ALBRIGHT, MISS CAROLINE, of New Troy, Pa., married to A. H. Arndt, 

August 30, 1836 September 7, 1836. 



134 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

ADAMS CHARLES, married to Miss Sarah Darling, August 22, 1836, at 

Hanover September 7, 1836. 

ATHERHOLT, MISS NANCY, daughter of Mr. C. Atherholt, married to 

John Faser, April 21, 1835 May 6, 1835. 

BERGSTRESSER, JOHN, died at Berriesburg, Dauphin county, June 16, 

1828, aged 26 years July 18, 1828. 

BULKELY, MARY ANN, daughter of Jonathan Bulkely, died August 19, 

1828, aged 2 years, 6 months August 22, 1828. 

BRACE, DR. ALFRED, at Northmoreland, married to Catharine, daughter 

of Abraham VanLoon, of Exeter, Pa., Sept. 21, 1828 . . Sept. 26, 1828. 
BLANCHARD, DAVID, of Pittston, married to Lydia Sophonia, daughter 

of Mr. Salmon Lathrop, formerly of Sherbourne, N. Y., October 9, 

1828 October 17, 1828. 

BARNES, MARY ANN, daughter of Gilbert Barnes, married to Henry Mundy, 

late of New Brunswick, N. Y., October 9, 1828 . . October 10, 1S28. 
BRACE, MISS MARY, died at Northmoreland, October 7, 182S, obituary 

October 24, 1828. 

BOWMAN, ELLEN, daughter of late Captain Samuel Bowman, married to 

Rev. James May, January 8, 1829 January 9, 1S29. 

BOWMAN, EBENEZER, died March 1, 1829, a soldier of the revolution, 

obituary March 6, 1S29. 

BROWN, AMOS, died at Stonington, Conn., February 17, 1829, a soldier of 

the revolution March 20, 1S29. 

BALL, PHEBE, married to John Chatfield, March 18, 1829, at Tunkhan- 

nock April 10, 1829. 

BENNETT, JOSEPH PLATT, son of Ziba Bennett, died June 8, 1829, aged 

one year June 12, 1829. 

BUTLER, son of William L., died July 20, 1829, aged 3 years . July 24, 1829. 
BUTLER, MISS ANN, of Kingston, married to the Rev. Joseph Castle, of 

Auburn, N. Y., September 6, 1829 September II, 1S29. 

BROWN, MISS SALLY, daughter of late Captain Jesse Brown, at Plymouth, 

married to Robert Williams, October 15, 1S29 . . . October 23, 1S29. 
BAILY, LYDIA FIDELIA, daughter of Benjamin F. Bailey, drowned at 

Factoryville, Pa., November 2, 1829, aged 2 years . . Nov. 13, 1S29. 
BUTLER, MISS HARRIET, daughter of the late Zebulon Butler, married 

at Philadelphia, to John S. Silver, of Mount Carbon, November 30, 

1829 December II, 1829. 

BLACKMAN, MISS CLORINDA, wife of Major Eleazer Blackman, died 

December 26, 1S29, aged 61 years January 29, 1830. 

BODLE, MISS SARAH, married to John R. Moore, April 10, 1830, at North- 
moreland April 16, 1830. 

BENEDICT, CAPT. JOHN, died at Pittston, August 30, 1830, aged 48 years, 
September 3, 1830. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I 35 

BENNETT, A. J., married to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas Bennett, 

September 5, 1S30 September 10, 1830. 

BLAKESLEYj SARAH, married to Charles Tracy, September 6, 1830, at 

Montrose, both of Spring ville September 17, 1S30. 

BENNETT, MISS MARY ANN, married to A. J. Bennett, September 5, 

1830, both of Hanover September 10, 1830. 

BRINK, SUSAN D., daughter of late John Brink, married at Oxford, N. J., 

to Thomas "Wright, of Wilkes-Barre, January I, 1S31 . . Jan. 14, 1831. 
BOWMAN, MRS. SUSAN, wife of Rev. Samuel Bowman, daughter of the 

late Samuel Sitgreaves, of Easton, died January 1, 1S31 {Lancaster hi- 



teUigencer) January 14, 183 



BENEDICT, ANDREW E., married to Miss Mary Ann Neely, February 10, 

1 83 1, both of Exeter February 18, 1831. 

BOWMAN, WALTER, died at Windham, Conn., March 30, 1831, aged 81 

years, formerly of Pomfret, Conn., obituary April 15, 1831. 

BREESE, MRS. ELIZABETH, married to James Gannon, August 11, 1831, 

August 24, 1 83 1. 

BOWMAN, CHARLES, son of James W. Bowman, died August 21, 1831, 

aged 7 years August 24, 1831. 

BIRD, MR. DERRICH, died August 22, 1831, August 24, 1831. 

BUCKINHAM, MISS FRANCES, late of Connecticut, married to Captain 

Stephen Vaughn, June 21, 1832 June 27, 1832. 

BOWERS, PHILO, married to Miss Catharine Sailor, at Pittston, June 21, 

1832 June 27, 1832. 

BALDWIN, MRS. PENELOPE, wife of David Baldwin, daughter of Gen- 
eral S. Thomas, died December 14, 1832 .... December 19, 1832. 
BIRD, MISS SARAH, of Kingston, married to Webster Stewart, December 

26, 1832 January 7, 1833. 

BUSKIRK, PETER, married to Miss Maria Finch, Dec.26, 1832 . Jan. 2, 1833. 
BALDWIN, MISS ELEANOR, died at Troy township, Richland county, 

Ohio, February 13, I S33, obituary March 20, 1833. 

BALDWIN, ANN, infant daughter of David Baldwin, died April 29, 1833, 

May I, 1833. 

BUTLER, JULIA, wife of Steuben Butler, died May 16, 1833, aged 44 years, 
daughter of late Col. Eliphalet Butler, of Colchester, Connecticut, obit- 
uary, May 29, 1833. 

BRUNSON, MRS. KATHERINE, wife of Ira Brunson, died in Plymouth 

township, July 22, 1833 August 7, 1 833. 

BOGARDUS, THOMAS O., son of Jacob J. Bogardus, of Lehman, married 
to Miss Amy G. Lewis, daughter of Rev. Griffin Lewis, of Plymouth, 

September 5, 1 S33 September 11, 1833. 

BEDFORD, JOHN, died at Norwalk, Ohio, August 2S, 1833, aged 26, form- 
erly of Pennsylvania, obituary September 11, 1833. 



I36 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

BOYD, DR. EBEN LITTLE, married to Miss Ruth Ann Ellsworth, Septem- 
ber 19, 1833 October 9, 1833. 

BETTLE, SAMUEL D., died November 10, 1833, . . November 13, 1833. 

BLACKMAN, MRS. PHILENA, wife of Elisha Blickman, daughter of Wil- 
liam Searle, of Pittston, died in Providence, Luzerne county, Pa., De- 
cember 8, 1833, obituary, December 25, 1833. 

BUTLER, SYLVINA M., eldest daughter of J. L. Butler, died May 20, 1834, 
aged 3 years, 3 months and 17 days, May 28, 1S34. 

BUTLER, MRS. POLLY, relict of late Lord Butler, died October 28, 1834, 
obituary, October 29, 1S34. 

BENNETT, MRS. JANE, married at Kingston to Baltes Carpenter/Novem- 
ber 6, 1834, November 12, 1S34. 

BAILEY, AYERY W., married to Miss Lydia Atwater, November 3, 1S34, 
November 12, 1834. 

BURTIS, J. M., married to Miss Mary, daughter of Maj. O. Porter, December 
8, 1834 December 17, 1834. 

BULFORD, MRS., married to P. N. Foster, both of Plymouth, Pa., March 4, 
1835, March II, 1835. 

BATES, THEODORE O., at Windham, married to Miss Huldah Ann 
Spaulding, August 2, 1S35, both of Windham, . . . August 12, 1S35. 

BUCK, CHESTER, of Wyalusing, married to Miss Betsy D. Redfield, near 
Tunkhannock, December 30, 1835, January 6, 1836. 

BIXBY, MAJOR SAMUEL, at Windham, married to Miss Lydia Purington, 
February 7, 1836, February 10, 1S36. 

BARNES, JOSEPH, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Mary Ann Barnum, of 
Kingston, February 23, 1836 March 2, 1836. 

BARNUM, MISS MARY 'ANN, of Kingston, married to Joseph Barnes, 
February 23, 1836 March 2, 1836. 

BACON, MISS HANNAH E., of Huntington township, married to Mr. Dan- 
iel Stiles, of Black Creek, February 22, 1836 March 2, 1836. 

BARKER, FRANCES PHEBE, daughter of Rev. Abel Barker, died August 
16, 1836, and a few hours after 

BARKER, PHEBE ANN, wife of Rev. Abel Barker, died August 16, 1836, 
obituary, August 17, 1S36. 

BEARDOLD, GEORGE, son of Peter Beardold, died September 18, 1836, 
aged eight years, September 21, 1S36. 

CHAMBERLAIN, JAMES, died Sept. 4, 1828, aged 42 years, . Sept.5,iS2S. 

CATON, WILLIAM, married to Miss Polly Wheeler, at Plymouth, January 
18, 1S29, both of Plymouth, January 23, 1S29. 

CANOUGH, JOHN, a native of Ireland, died at Wilkes-Barre, January 1 7, 
1S29, January 23, 1S29. 

CORTRIGHT, CHARLES, married to Rebecca Hart, daughter of Jacob 
Hart, February 19, 1829, March 6, 1S29. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I 37 

COOK, JOSEPH, died February 19, 1S29, aged 102 years. "Was present at 
Braddock's defeat. Enlisted in the Continental Army. (From Tel- 
egraph), March 20, 1829. 

CAPWELL, STEPHEN, married to Miss S. L.Simmons, February 12, 1829, 
at Abington February 27, 1829. 

CHATFIELD, JOHN, at Tunkhannock, married to Miss Phebe Ball, March 

15, 1S29 April 10, 1829. 

CONNOR, HUGH, died June 5, 1S29, aged S5 years, obituary, . June 12, 1S29. 
CAPWELL, SUSAN, married to Thomas J. Maynard, at Factoryville, July 

16, 1829, July 26, 1S29. 

CASTLE, REV. JOSEPH, of Auburn, N. Y., married to Miss Ann Butler 

of Kingston, September 6, 1S29, September II, 1S2S. 

COURTRIGHT, CATHARINE, daughter of Henry Courtright, of Plains, 

married to John Snow, of Dundaft", Pa., Jan. 12, 1830, . Jan. 15, 1830. 
COURTRIGHT, HANNAH, daughter of Cornelius Courtright, married to 

John Abbott, March II, 1830, March 19, 1S30. 

CAPWELL, MISS ELSY, married to Dr. John Wilson, both of Abington, Pa., 

March 3, 1830, March 19, 1830. 

CARPENTER, THOMAS, married to Miss Elizabeth Craver, April 11, 1830, 

April 16, 1830. 

CRAVER, MISS ELIZABETH, married to Thomas Carpenter, April 11, 

1830, April 16, 1830. 

COURTRIGHT, JOHN, died at Pittston, May 16, 1830, aged 40 years, obit- 
uary, May 21, 1S30. 

COLT, LUCINDA, wife of Arnold Colt, died December 28, 1S30, aged 63 

years, obituary, December 31, 1S30. 

COURTRIGHT, ELIZABETH, married to Charles Wright, January 1, 1831, 

at Pittston, January 7, 183 1. 

CLARK, MAJOR, married to Miss Jane, daughter of Caleb Akerly, Decem- 
ber 30, 1830, January 7, 1S31. 

CIST, MISS MARY ANN, daughter of Jacob Cist, married to Nathaniel Rut- 

ter, January 13, 1S31, January 14, 1S31. 

CAREY, ELEAZER, married to Mrs. Rebecca D. Chapman, August 26, 

1831, August 31, 1831. 

CLARK, MISS HANNAH, married to Joseph Rogers, both of Northmore- 

land, April 15, 1831. 

CHAPMAN, MRS. REBECCA D., married to Eleazer Carey, August 26, 

1831 August 31, 1S31. 

COOPER, MISS FANNY, married to Raymond Perrin, September 11, 1S31, 

September 21, 1S31. 

CAMPBELL, MISS POLLY, daughter of the late James Campbell, married 

to Jameson Harvey, of Plymouth, Dec. 28, 1832, . . January 2, 1S33. 
CORAY, DAVID, killed in log-chute, near Mauch Chunk, April 24, 1833, 

particulars, May I, 1S33. 



133 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

CHANDLER, JOSEPH R., editor of the U. S. Gazette, married to Mrs. Maria 
H., daughter of Benjamin H. Jones, July 3, 1833 . . . July 17, 1S33. 

CONYNGHAM, DAVID HAYFIELD.died at Philadelphia, March 5, 1834, 
aged 83 years March 19, 1S34. 

CARVER, MISS RUTH ANN, married to Samuel Jackson, both of Eaton, 
; . . . August 20, 1834. 

CULVER, AARON, married to Miss Eliza Garey, both of Kingston, Septem- 
ber 4, 1834 September 17, 1834. 

CULVER, MRS. ELIZA, wife of Aaron Culver, died September 19, 1S34, 
September 24, 1834. 

CARPENTER, BALTES, married to Miss Jane Bennett, at Kingston, No- 
vember 6, 1834 November 12, 1834. 

CAMPBELL, MISS SARAH, married to Martimer D. Parsons, November 2, 
1834 November 12, 1834. 

CARVER, MISS MARY, daughter of Isaac Carver, of Kingston, married to 
Robert S. Lewis, Jan. 17, 1835, the latter of Exeter . . Jan. 21, 1835. 

CARVER, REV. SAMUEL, died May 26, 1835, aged 67 years, obituary, 
June 3, 1S35. 

COURTRIGHT, MAJOR MILTON, of Pittston, married to Hannah, daughter 
of John Passmore, of Susquehanna county, May 21, 1835 . June 10, 1S35. 

CAREY, MISS FRANCES S., daughter of Eleazer Carey, of VVilkes-Barre, 

married to Peter M. Osterhout, of Tunkhannock, August 11, 1S35, 

August 19, 1S35. 

CURTIS, MISS MERILLA, of Kingston, married to Joseph P. Fellows, of 
Providence, Pa., October I, 1835 October 14, 1S35. 

CLARK, MILTON, at Plymouth, married to Miss Almira, daughter of Wil- 
liam Evans, December 24, 1835 December 30, 1835. 

CARPENTER, MISS ABIGAIL ELIZA, of Northmoreland, married to John 
M. Harris, December 31, 1835 January 6, 1835. 

CHURCH, ADDISON, married to Miss Mary Johnson, April 7, 1836, both 
of Kingston April 13, 1S36. 

CHANDLER, ABRAM, of Northmoreland, married to Miss Almede, daughter 
of Rev. Oliver Lewis, of Exeter, April 14, 1S36 . . . April 20, 1S36. 

CEARL, IRA, at Plymouth, married to Miss Ellen Davenport, May 5, 1836, 
May 11,1836. 

CHAHOON, MARY, daughter of Anning O. Chahoon, died August 13, 1S36, 
aged 5 years August 17, 1836. 

CORSS, REV. CHARLES C, married to Miss Ann, daughter of Major Ziba 
Hoyt, September 1, 1836 September 7, 1836. 

COREY, MISS CELINDA, daughter of late David Corey, married to Job J. 
Harvey, September 1, 1S36 September 7, 1S36. 

DENISON, WEYMAN, son of Col. Lazarus Denison, died December 3, 1828, 
aged 20 years, obituary December 5, 1S2S. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I 39 

DALE, ELIZABETH, at Covington, married to Michael McWade, Decem- 
ber 15, 1828 December 26, 1S28. 

DAVID, MRS. ELIZABETH, wife of Capt. Daniel David, died December 
29, 1828, at Greenfield January 9, 1S28. 

DYMOND, JOHN, Jr., at Northmoreland, married to Miss Hester, daughter 
of Jacob Hallstead, January 8, 1829 January 23, 1829. 

DULANY, MRS. LOUISA A., at Philadelphia, married to Samuel D. Gross, 
M. D., January 28, 1829, both of Philadelphia, . . . January 16, 1S29. 

DUNCAN, MISS MARY B., at Aronsburg, Centre county, married to Mr. 
Alexander Graham, June 10, 1829 June 26, 1829. 

DRAKE, GEORGE C, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Abigail, daughter 
of George Haines, of Columbia, June 11, 1829 . . . . June 19, 1S29. 

DOBSON, LYDIA, married at Mauch Chunk to John Speece . April 30, 1830. 

DONLEY, ELIZABETH N., married to George \V. Layng, of Kingston, July 
9, 1S30 July 16, 1S30. 

DENNIS, WILLIAM J., drowned in the Susquehanna river, January I, I S3 1, 
aged 13 years January 7, 1831. 

DODSON, JAMES, died in Salem township June I, 1831, aged 75 years, 
June 8, 1831. 

DENISON, GEORGE, died August 21, 1S31, aged 42 years; resolution of 
Bar Association, August 24, 1831 ; obituary .... October 12, 1831. 

DENISON, MISS MARY, daughter of Col. Lazarus Denison, married to 
Chauncey A. Reynolds, November 6, 1832 .... November 7, 1S32. 

DURHAM, JANE, wife of Alfred Durham, died at Tunkhannock, May 7, 
1833; obituary May 15, 1S33. 

DENNIS, MRS. MARGARET, died June 14, 1833, aged 60 yrs, June 19, 1833. 

DENISON, MRS. CAROLINE, wife of late George Denison, died July I, 
1833, aged 35 years J u ty 3> ^33- 

DORRANCE, MRS. NANCY, wife of Col. Benjamin Dorrance, died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1834 February 5,1834. 

DORRANCE, LEMUEL, married to Miss Mahala, daughter of Orange Ful- 
ler, March 20, 1834, both of Northmoreland .... March 26, 1S34. 

DUANE, COL. WILLIAM, died in Philadelphia, November 24, 1835, aged 
76 years December 2, 1S35. 

DORRANCE, MRS. MARY S., of Lykens Valley, married to the Hon. David 
Scott, at Harrisburg, March I, 1836 March 16, 1836. 

DOBSON, THOMAS, late of England, married to Mrs. Edith Lameraux, of 
Plymouth, March 4, 1836 March 23, 1S36. 

DAVENPORT, MISS ELLEN, at Plymouth, married to Ira Cearl, May 5, 
1836 May 11,1836. 

DARLING, MRS. SARAH, married to Charles Adams, August 22, 1836, 
September 7, 1836. 



140 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

DUPUY, JOHN F., masonic, J. N. Conyngham's remarks at funeral, 

November 9, 1836. 

EDWARDS, BENJAMIN, at Windam, on the 10th of November, 1S28, 

married to Miss Hannah Fasset, November 21, 1828. 

EVANS, MISS LUCINDA, married to Chandler Newberry, February 26, 

1829, February 6, 1829. 

EWING, JOHN, died February 12, 1 83 1, aged 50 years, court crier of the 

courts of Luzerne county for several years, .... February 18, 1831. 
EGLE, MISS MARY A., of Harrisburg, married to Francis J. Smith, of Ply- 
mouth, April 10, 1S32, April 18, 1832. 

ELLSWORTH, MISS RUTH, married to Dr. E. L. Boyd, September 19, 

1833, October 9, 1S33. 

EDMONSTON, ARCHIBALD, of Washington, D. C, married to Miss Ann 

C, daughter of Elnathan Wilson, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., at Princeton, 

N. J., February 6, 1834, February 19, 1834. 

EICK, MISS SARAH, married to Hart Alkins, Oct. 19, 1834, . Nov. 12, 1834. 
EVANS, MISS ALMIRA, daughter of William Evans, married at Plymouth 

to Milton Clark, December 24, 1835, December 30, 1835 

EVANS, STEPHEN, died Mar. 9, iS36,in Union township, . Mar. 16, 1S36 
FASSET, MISS HANNAH, married November 10, 182S, to Benjamin Ed 

wards, at Windham, November 21, 1828 

FASSET, MISS PARNE S., married November 10, 182S, to John M. Frost 

November 21, 1828 

FROST. JOHN M., married to Miss Parne S. Fasset, November 10, 1828 

November 21, 1828 

FRENCH, SAMUEL, at Berwick, married to Miss Lydia Wadhams, both of 

Plymouth, May 20, 1829, , . . May 29, 1829. 

FISHER, MRS. MARY, died in Hanover township, May 13, 1S30, age 105 

years, 7 months, iS days. She was born in Germany on the 24th of 

September, 1724; brought to America while an infant; inhabitant of 

this county forty-four years, May 21, 1S30. 

FELL, JESSE, died August n, 1830. Obituary, August 13, 1S30. Funeral 

notes, August 30, 1830. 
FOSTER, JOHN, died Jan. 2, 1831, at Covington, aged 42 yrs . Jan. 21, 1831. 
FULLER, MINER, married to Mary Major, Aug., 23, 1832, both of Lehman, 

August 29, 1832. 

FLAKE, MISS CATHERINE, wife of George Flake, and daughter of the 

late Frederick Stall, died at Philadelphia, Dec. 6, 1832, . Dec. 19, 1S32. 
FINCH, MISS MARIA, married to Peter Buskirk, December 28, 1832, both 

of Kingston, January 2, 1833. 

FAIRCHILDS, MISS ELIZA, died April 25, 1833, May 1, 1S33. 

FULLER, MISS MAHALA, daughter of Orange Fuller, (both of Northmore- 

land) married to Lemuel Dorrance, March 20, 1834, . March 26, 1S34. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I4I 

FREAR, JOHN W., married to Miss Eliza Miner, December 3, 1S34, both of 

Eaton, December 10, 1834. 

FOSTER, P. N., married to Mrs. Bulford, March 4, 1835, both of Plymouth, 

March II, 1835. 

FASER, JOHN, married to Miss Nancy, daughter of C. Atherholt, April 21, 

1835 May 6, 1835. 

FRANCE, JONAS, married to Margaret Shafer, July 5, 1835, both of Kings- 
ton, July 8, 1835. 

FELLOWS, JOSEPH P., of Providence, Pa., married to Miss Merilla Curtis, 

of Kingston, October I, 1835, October 14, 1835. 

FELLOWS, JOSEPH, of Providence, Pa., his murder referred to . July 13,1836. 
FANNIN, COL., massacred by Mexicans. Letter from Charles B. Shain, a 

survivor, June I, 1836. 

GROSS, SAMUEL D., M. D., at Philadelphia, married to Miss Louisa A. 

Dulany, January 8, 1S29, January 16, 1829. 

GRAHAM, /ALEXANDER, at Aronsburg, Centre county, married to Miss 

Mary B. Duncan, June 10, 1829, June 26, 1829. 

GIDDINS, JOHN, of Wilkes-Barre, died at Bear Creek, December 7, 1829, 

aged fifty years, December II, 1829. 

GRAVER, MISS ELIZABETH, married to Thomas Carpenter, April 11, 

1830, April 16, 1830. 

GORDON, MARY, daughter of James A. Gordon, died at Erie, Pa., aged 

three years, August 27, 1830. 

GARDNER, HARRIET, of Exeter, married to Silas Sutton, November 21, 

1S30, of Falls, December 3, 1830. 

GORE, PETER, married to Mrs. Sarah Luke, June 28, 1831, at Covington, 

July 21, 1831. 

GANNON, JAMES, married to Mrs. Elizabeth Breese, August 11, 1831, at 

Covington, August 24, 1831. 

GREENOUGH, MISS SUSAN, daughter of Ebenezer D. Greenough, of Sun- 
bury, married to William B. Scott, of Wilkes-Barre, February 6, 1833, 

February 13, 1833. 

GARRISON, MISS MARY, married at Eaton, to John W. Huff, April 18, 

1S33, April 24, 1833. 

GEARY, DANIEL, married to Miss Mary Ann Tupper, September 26, 1833, 

both of Braintrim, October 9, 1833. 

GIBBS, JOB, died October 1, 1833, aged 68 years October 9, 1833. 

GAREY, MISS ELIZA, married to Aaron Culver, September 4, 1S34, both of 

Kingston, September 17, 1834. 

GORE, GEORGE, married to Miss Harriet, daughter of Dr. John Smith, both 

of New Troy, February 5, 1835, February 11,1835. 

GREGG, ANDREW, died at Bellefonte, May 20, 1835, aged eighty. One of 

the early settlers of Penns Valley, June 3, 1835. 



142 RECORD OF 1 MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

GRUVER, JACOB, married to Sarah Allabaugh, June 4, 1835, . June 17 1S35. 
GALLUP MRS. FREELOVE, relict of late Hallet Gallup, died Plymouth, 

April 25, 1835 April 29, 1S35. 

GAR-YAN-W ASH-GAR (corn planter), Seneca Chief, died March 7, 1S36, 

aged about 100 years. (From Buffalo Journal), . . April 13, 1S36. 
HOFFMAN, CHARLES, son of Matthias Hoffman, died August 15, 1S28, 

aged eighteen months, August 22, 182S. 

HAFF, JAMES D., married to Miss Nancy, daughter of Jonathan Hancock, 

October 23, 1828, . October 24, 182S. 

HOYT, JAMES, infant son of Capt. Ziba Hoyt, died January 18, 1828, 

January 23, 1829. 

HANCOCK, NANCY, daughter of Jonathan Hancock, married October 23, 

lS28, to James D. Haff, October 24, 1S28. 

HALSTED, MISS HESTER, married to John Dymond, Jr., at Northmore- 

land, January 8, 1829, January 23, 1828. 

HOLLENBACK, MATTHIAS, died February 18, 1829, aged 77 years. 

Obituary, February 20, 1829. Obituary, February 27, 1S29. 
HART, MISS REBECCA, married to Charles Cortright, February 19, 1829, 

March 6, 1S29. 

HARVEY, daughter of Harman Harvey, drowned in Hunlock's Creek, April 

2, 1829, April 17, 1829. 

HELME, JOHN, son of Major O. Helme, died April 15, 1829, aged 15 years, 

April 17, 1829. 

HOWARD, MATILDA, married to Erastus Smith, April 12, 1S29, at Pitts- 
ton, April 24, 1S29. 

HANN, JACOB, of Huntington township, married to Miss Nancy Johnson, 

April 19, 1829, April ?v4, 1829. 

HAINES, ABIGAIL, of Columbia, married to George C. Drake, of W'ilkes- 

Barre, June II, 1829 June 29, 1S29. 

HALL, CATHARINE, of Harrisburg (daughter of late Doctor Hall), married 

to Garrick Mallery, June 29, 1830, July 9, 1S30. 

HANCOCK, JONATHAN, died July 12, 1S30, aged 62 years, . July 16, 1830- 
HEISTER, GENERAL JOSEPH, late Governor of Pennsylvania, died at 

Reading, Pa., June 10, 1832 June 20, 1S32. 

HARVEY, JAMESON, of Plymouth, married to Miss Polly, daughter of the 

late James Campbell, December 28, 1832, January 2, 1833. 

HAFF, MISS ANN, daughter of Joseph E. Haff, of Lehman, married to 

Thomas Patterson, of Mauch Chunk, Feb. 6, 1833, . . Feb. 13, 1833. 
HUFF, JOHN W., married to Miss Mary Garrison at Eaton, April 18, 1S33, 

April 24, 1S33. 

HESSLER, MISS SUSAN, of Tobehanna, married to Michael Staiger, of 

Stoddartsville, June I, 1833, June 12, 1S33. 

HURLBURT, CHARLES S., son of Lyman Hurlburt, died October 12, 1S33, 

aged nine years, October 30, 1S33. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 1 43 

HANCOCK, DAVID SCOTT, son of William Hancock, died April 6, 1834, 
aged four years, three months, April 9, 1834. 

HOYT, HENRY WESTON, son of Elias Hoyt, died March 11, 1835, aged 
thirteen years and eleven months. Obituary, .... March 13, 1S35. 

HARDING, ISRAEL, died at Eaton, May 7, 1835, aged 80 years. A soldier 
of the Revolution. Obituary, May 13, 1735. 

HAYDEN, S. F., died at Windham, July 22, 1835. Obituary, . Aug. 12, 1835. 

HARRIS, JOHN M., of Northmoreland, married to Miss Abigail Eliza Car- 
penter, December 31, 1835, January 6, 1S36. 

HODGSON, MATTHEW, died at Covington, April 7, 1836, aged 56 years. 
Emigrated from England in 1819. Obituary, .... April 30, 1836. 

HICKS, CAPTAIN WILLIAM, formerly of this locality, and three children 
died in Illinois. Survived by his widow and six children. 

HICKS, SARAH, aged 14; 

HICKS, JACOB, aged 18; children of Capt. William Hicks, were both 
drowned down the river while returning to Wilkes-Barre. Mrs. Hicks, 
who is a daughter of Jacob Holgate of Philadelphia, with four children 
arrived last week June 8, 1836. 

HOYT, MISS ANN, daughter of Maj. Ziba Hoyt, married to the Rev. Charles 
C. Corss, September I, 1836 September 7, 1836. 

HARVEY, JOB J., married to Miss Celinda, daughter of the late David Cory, 
September 1, 1836, September 7, 1836. 

INGLES, MASON, accidentally killed at Windham, April 11, 1834, aged 30 
years, April 16, 1834. 

INMAN, NATHAN, son of Col. Edward Inrnan, died at Hanover, November 
2, 1835, aged 32 years, December 23, 1835. 

JOHNSON, MISS NANCY, married to Jacob Hann, at Huntington, April 19, 
1829 April 24, 1829. 

JONES, REUBEN, married to Cynthia, daughter of Darius Williams of Kings- 
ton, June 18, 1829, June 26, 1829. 

JACKSON, HUGH S., married to Mary Ann Yarrington, daughter of Luther 
Yarrington, of Wilkes-Barre, June 12, 1829, at Towamensing, Lehigh 
county, June 26, 1829. 

JOHNSON, JEHOIDA PITT, died January 8, 1830, aged 63 years. Obituary, 
January 15, 1830. 

JOHNSON, MISS ELEANOR, married to Samuel C. Stockbridge, both of 
Pittston January 29, 1S30. 

JEWETT, MRS. PATIENCE, died January 27, 1830, aged 81 years, 
January 29, 1 830. 

JOHNSON, MISS HANNAH H., daughter of the late John Johnson of Ger- 
mantown, Pa., married to James M'Clintock, of Wilkes-Barre, May 3, 
1832 May 23, 1832. 

JACOBS, WILLIAM, of Newport, married to Miss Hiebe, daughter of Mr. 
John Sharps, of Kingston, October 4, 1832, . . . . October 10, 1832. 



144 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

JACKSON, JOSEPH, died in Monroe township, March 29, 1S33, aged 64 

years, April 24, 1833. 

JACKSON, MISS ELIZABETH, daughter of William Jackson, died at 

Kingston, April 7, 1833, aged iS, April 10, 1833. 

JOHNSON, MRS. JANE, wife of Abraham Johnson, died July 7, 1833, aged 

60 years July 10, 1833. 

JONES, REUBEN, died in Plymouth, March 16, 1834, aged 71 years, a soldier 

of the Revolution, March 19, 1834. 

JACKSON, SAMEUL, married to Miss Ruth Ann Carver, both of Eaton, 

August 20, 1834. 

JACKSON, HUGH S., died at South Easton, Pa., September 24, 1834. 

Obituary, October 23, 1834. 

JONES, MISS REBECCA, daughter of John Jones, of Berwick, married to 

George Shoemaker, of Kingston, January 14, 1835, . January 31, 1835. 
JACKSON, WILLIAM, of Kingston, died April 8, 1835, aged 55 years, 

April 15, 1835. 

JOHNSON, OVID P., formerly of Wilkes- Barre, at Harrisburg, married to 

Miss Jane, daughter of James Alricks, of Harrisburg, July 28, 1835, 

August 12, 1835. 

JOHNSON, MISS MARY, married to Addison Church, April 7, 1836, both 

of Kingston, April 13, 1S36. 

JONES, ASA, died August 31, 1836, aged 78 years, . . September 7, 1S36. 
JACOBS, GEORGE, died September 10, 1S36, aged one year; 
JACOBS, MARTHA, died September 13, 1836, aged three years. Only chil- 
dren of Wm. Jacobs of Exeter, September 21, 1S36. 

KEITHLINE, CHARLES, killed by falling from the bridge to the ice below, 

January 24, 1829, aged 50 years, January 30, 1829. 

KUNKLE, MARY ANN, of Dallas, married to John Rice, March 5, 1829, 

March 13, 1S29. 

KEELER, NANCY, daughter of Asa Keeler, died August 25, 1830, at North- 

moreland, aged 14 years, September 3, 1830. 

KECK, JOHN,was shot by his son Henry Keck, June 17, 1829 . June 19, 1S29. 

KECK, ELIZABETH, died August 29, 1831, September 7, 1831. 

KNIGHT, MISS FRANCES R., married to Dr. A. B.Wilson, March 5, 1833, 

both of Berwick; March 20, 1833. 

KINSMAN, MISS JANE, married to Cyrus Vaughn, of Windham, Mass., 

April 12, 1834, April 23, 1834. 

KIDDER, LUTHER, married to Miss Martha, daughter of Hon. David Scott, 

October 13, 1835, October 21, 1835. 

KELLER, PETER, at Plymouth, married to Miss Mary Snyder, April 20, 

1S36, May 11, 1836. 

LEECH, THOMAS, a stranger from opposite Philadelphia, died August 30, 

1828, aged 59 years. Particulars, September 5, 1828. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I45 

LATHROP, LYDIA SOPHONIA, daughter of Salmon Lathrop, married to 
David B. Blanchard, October 9, 1S2S, October 17, 1S28. 

LAYNG, GEORGE W., of Kingston, married to Elizabeth N. Donley, daugh- 
ter of James Donley, of Philadelphia, July 9, 1S30, . . . July 16, 1S30. 

LECLERC, HENRY, son of Joseph P. Leclerc, died aged nine months, 
January 14, 1S31. 

LEE, SAMUEL, died in Newport, June 3, 1S31, aged 22 yrs . June 8, 1S31. 

LUKE, MISS SARAH, married to Peter Gore, June 28, 1S31 . July 20, 1S31. 

LECLERC, infant son of Joseph P. Leclerc, died July 29, 1S31 . Aug. 3, 1S31. 

LEWIS, MRS. JEANETTE, wife of Dr. James R. Lewis, died January 19, 
l8 33» a g ed 2S >' ears January 30, 1S33. 

LEWIS, MISS AMY G., daughter of Rev. Griffin Lewis, of Plymouth, Pa., 
married to Thomas O. Bogardus, Sept. 5, 1833, .... Sept. II, 1S32. 

LANE, MISS SALLY ANN, eldest daughter of Rev. George Lane, died in 
Berwick, September 4, 1833, aged 23 years. Obituary, Sept, II, 1S33. 

LACEY, MISS SARAH, married to Miner Terry, September 19, 1S33, 
October 9, 1833- 

LYMAN, LEWELLYN, in Bradford county, married to Miss Julia Ann 
Woodworth, October 10, 1S33 October 23, 1S33. 

LAZARUS, GEORGE, Jr., married to Miss Edith, daughter of Mr. John 
Sharps, November 21, 1833 December 4, 1S33. 

LANDON, MISS CLARISSA, of Exeter, married Rev. Erastus Smith, Octo- 
ber 14, 1S34, October 23, 1S34. 

LEWIS, ROBERT S., married to Mary, daughter of Isaac Carver, of Kings- 
ton, January 17, 1835, January 21, 1S35. 

LOCK, EMMEUS, died Febrnary 23, 1S35. Obituary, . February 25, 1S35. 

LORD, MRS. HULDA, wife of Alexander Lord, died April S, 1835, aged 56 
years, 3 months, 25 days, April 15, 1S35. 

LITTLE, JAMES, son of George W. Little, died November 15, 1S35, 
November 25, 1S25. 

LAFEY, MISS ANN, married to Aaron Rumsey, December 3, 1835, both of 
Kingston, December 5, 1S35. 

LATHROP, MISS JANETTA, of Carbondale, married to William Wurts, of 
Wilkes-Barre, March 15, 1S36, March 23, 1S36. 

LOMERAUX, MRS. EDITH, of Plymouth, married to Thomas Dobson, late 
of England, March 4, 1836, March 23, 1836. 

LEWIS, MISS ALMEDE, daughter of Rev. Oliver Lewis, of Exeter, married 
to Abram Chandler, of Northmoreland, Apr. 14, 1S36 . . Apr. 20, 1S36. 

MARCY, ELIJAH, son of Ebenezer Marcy, died at Pittston, September 2S, 
182S October 3, 1S28. 

MUNDY, HENRY, married to Mary Ann Barnes, Oct. 9, 1 828 . Oct. lo, 1S28. 

MILLER, JOHN, lately of Ireland (transient), died October 28, 1S28. 
October 31, 1S28. 



I46 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

McWADE, MICHAEL, at Covington, married to Elizabeth Dale, December 

15, 1828, December 26, 1828. 

MINER, HELEN, only daughter of Robert Miner, died at Wrightsville, 

March 4, 1829, ... March 6, 1829. 

MYERS, LAWRENCE, son of Philip Myers, died at Sunbury, Ohio, aged 35 

years, May 7, 1S29, formerly of Kingston, May 22, 1829. 

MAY, REV. JAMES, married to Ellen Bowman, daughter of late Capt. 

Samuel Bowman, January 8, 1829, January 9, 1829. 

Was ordained by Bishop Onderdonk, Oct. II, 1829, . . Oct. 16, 1829. 
MAYNARD, THOMAS J., at Factoryville, married to Susan Capwell, July 

16, 1829, July 24, 1S29. 

MINER, CHARLES, Jr., third son of Asher Miner, died at his fathers house 

in Westchester, July 20, 1829, aged 15 years, 4 months, 15 days, 

July 31, 1829. 

MARCY, CYRUS, son of Col. Abel Marcy, died at Tunkhannock, July 27, 
1829, aged 21 years, August 7, 1829. 

MILLER, LEWIS, at Pittston, married to Adelia Ann, daughter of D. Smith, 
November 8, 1829, November 20, 1829. 

MILLER, MISS SOHPIA, daughter of Rev. J. Miller, married to Imanuel 
Nothrop, at Abington, December 31, 1829, January 8, 1S30. 

MAXWELL, MISS SUSAN H., daughter of Mr. William Maxwell, of Frank- 
lin county, married May 12, 1829, to Mr. Elliot Francis Wyeth, of 
Harrisburg ... May 22, 1829. 

MOORE, JOHN R., at Northmoreland, married to Miss Sarah Bodle, April 
10, 1S30, , April 16, 1830. 

McALPIN, HIRAM, of Massachusetts, married to Miss Louisa, daughter of 
Hezekiah Parsons, June 21, 1S30, June 25, 1830. 

MALLERY, GARRICK, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Catherine Hall, 
daughter of late Dr. Hall, at Harrisburg, June 29, 1830 . July 9, 1830. 

MALLORY, WILLIAM, of Montrose, married to Miss Melissa, daughter of 
Noah Stevens, at Blakely, January 26, 1831, .... February 4, 1831. 

MINER, MRS. MARY, wife of Asher Miner, died at Westchester, February 
6, 1S31, aged 50 years February 18, 1831. 

MOOR, LUKE, married to Miss Emma Metcalf, Aug. 25, 1831 . Aug. 31, 1831. 

METCALF, MISS EMMA, married to Luke Moor, August 25, 1831, 
August 31, 1S3I. 

M'CLINTOCK, JAMES, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Hannah H., daughter 
of late John Johnson of Germantown, May 3, 1832, . . May 23, 1S32. 

MAJOR, MISS MARY, married to Miner Fuller, August 23, 1832, both of 
Lehman August 29, 1832. 

M'CLINTOCK, MRS. HANNAH.wife of James M'Clintock, died at Wilkes- 
Barre, April 23, 1833. Obituary, May I, 1831. 



KECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I47 

MYERS, MADISON, of Frederick, Md., married to Miss Harriet Myers, of 
Kingston, Pa., May 23, 1833, May 29, 1833. 

MYERS, MISS HARRIET, of Kingston, married to Madison Myers, May 23, 
1833. May 29, 1S33. 

MINER, MARY ANN, infant daughter of Dr. Thomas W. Miner, died June 
12, 1833, . June 19, 1833. 

MILLER, MISS MARY, married to Martin Smith, December 5, 1833, both of 
Eaton, December 11, 1833. 

MEDA, MISS ELIZABETH, of Northmoreland, married to Sylvester White, 
of Bradford county, January 5, 1834, ...... . January 8, 1S34. 

McCLURK, SAMUEL, of N. Y. state, married to Miss Maria Trucks, of 
Kingston, Pa., at Spoon River, Ills., Feb. 4, 1834, . . March 12, 1834. 

METCALF, RICHARD, married to Miss Mary, daughter of Rev. Roger 
Moister, March 13, 1834, March 19, 1834. 

MOISTER, MISS MARY, daughter of Rev. Roger Moister, married to Rich- 
ard Metcalf, March 13, 1834, March 19, 1834. 

MORRIS, GEORGE W., of Greenwood, Columbia county, married to Miss 
Maria Thomas, of Plymouth, April 9, 1834, April 16, 1834. 

M'SHANE, MISS SARAH, daughter of Ezekiel M'Shane, late of Philadel- 
phia, married to E. B. Worthington, at Kingston, Pa., May I, 1834, 
May 7, 1834. 

McALPINE, ALBERT, married to Mary Ann Wright, daughter of Josiah 
Wright, both of Wilkes-Barre, October 2, 1834, . . October 15, 1834. 

MUMP'ORD, REV. M. M., married to Miss Margaret, daughter of Jacob Rice, 
October 14, 1834, October 23, 1834. 

MINER, MISS ELIZA, married to John W. Frear, December 3, 1834, both 
of Eaton December 10, 1834. 

MYERS, PHILIP, died at Kingston, April I, 1835, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, aged 76 years. Obituary, April 15, 1835. 

MONTROSS, DAVID, of Northmoreland, married to Miss Lavinia Phillips, 
of Pittston, May 21, 1835, June 3, 1835. 

MARTIN, MRS. BETSEY, wife of Anson Martin, died at Windham, Septem- 
ber I, 1S35, aged 40 years, September 9, 1835. 

MANN, CYRUS, married to Mrs. Margaret Van Tile, April 14, 1836, both of 
Northmoreland, April 20, 1836. 

MADISON, JAMES, died June 28, 1836, aged 86 years, . . . July 6, 1836. 

NAGLE, JOHN, died at Stoddartsville, November 13, 1S28, aged 77 years, a 
soldier of the Revolution, November 21, 182S. 

NEWBERRY, CHANDLER, at Plymouth, married to Lucinda Evans, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1829 March 6, 1S29. 

NEWMAN, THOMAS, married to Miss Susan Sterling, at Braintrim, Novem- 
ber 8, 1829, November 20, 1S29. 



I48 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

NOTHROP, IMMANUEL, married to Miss Sophia, daughter of Rev. J. 

Miller, at Abington, December 31, 1829, .... January 8, 1830. 
NEELY, MISS MARY ANN, married to Andrew E. Benedict, February 10, 

1 83 1, both of Exeter February 18, 183 1. 

NESBITT, MISS ELIZABETH, of Plymouth, married to Mr. Lewis Prince, 

of Kingston, March 30 1833, April 10, 1833. 

NICHOLSON, SAMUEL T., of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Frances, 

daughter of Benjamin Slocum, late of Tunkhannocl:, October 2, 1834, 

October 15, 1834. 

OSTERHOUT, PETER M., of Tunkhannock, married to Miss Frances S., 

daughter of Eleazer Carey, of Wilkes-Barre, August II, 1835, 

August 19, 1835. 

ORR, MISS DOROTHY, daughter of John Orr, married to Barney A. Riley, 

March 14, 1834, both of Dallas, March, 26, 1834. 

OAKLEY, MISS MARY, of Kingston, married to William Willitt, May 1, 

1834, May 7, 1834. 

PATTERSON, infant daughter of Nathan Patterson, died at Mauch Chunk, 

December 17, 1829 December 26, 1829. 

PARRISH, NATHAN, Sr., died at Plymouth, July 26, 1829, aged 72 years, 

a soldier of the Revolution, August 7, 1829. 

PICKERING, COL. TIMOTHY, Epitaph on Monument, . . June 26, 1829. 
PETTEBONE, JANE, daughter of Joshua Pettebone, died December 7, 1829, 

aged 14 years, December 11, 1829. 

PARSONS, LOUISA, daughter of Capt. Hezekiah Parsons, married to Hiram 

McAlpin, June 21, 1830 June 25, 1830. 

PAXTON, JAMES, an aged citizen, died at Nescopeck, November 9, 18301 

November 19, 1830. 

PERRIN, RAYMOND, married to Miss Fanny Cooper, at Plymouth, Septem- 
ber 11, 183 1, September 21, 1831. 

PETTEBONE, MISS SALLY ANN, daughter of Joshua Pettebone, married 

to George Reece, September 6, 1832, September 12, 1832. 

PATTERSON, THOMAS, Jr., of Mauch Chunk, married to Miss Ann, 
daughter of Joseph E. Haft", of Lehman, Feb. 6, 1833 . Feb. 13, 1833. 

PRINCE, LEWIS, of Kingston, married to Miss Elizabeth Nesbitt, of Ply- 
mouth, March 30, 1833, . April 10, 1833. 

PICKERING, MRS. NANCY, wife of Dr. Isaac Pickering, and youngest 

daughter of late Jesse Fell, died at Catawissa, January 15, 1834 

January 22, 1834 

PORTER, GOVERNOR, of Michigan, died at Detroit, July 6, 1834. Obitu 
ary» July 23, 1834 

PARSONS, MARTIMER D., married to Miss Sarah Campbell, November 2 
1834, November 12, 1834 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 1 49 

PETTIBONE, SAMUEL T., married to Miss Ann Reel, November 18, 1834, 

both of Kingston, November 19, 1834. 

PORTER, MISS MARY, daughter of Maj. Orlando Porter, married to J. M. 

Burtis, 8 December, 1S34, December 17, 1834. 

PUTNAM, MRS. MARY E., married to Henry H. Wells, December 28, 1834, 

both of Owego, N. Y., December 31, 1834. 

PARKER, MISS LUSINA, daughter of Mr. Elijah and Mrs. Elizabeth Ide, 

and adopted daughter of Mr. Reuben and Mrs. Holgate, died April I, 

1835, aged 20 years. Obituary April 8, 1835. 

PACE, MRS. ANNA, relict of late Michael Pace, died at Plymouth, April 21, 

1835 April 29, 1835. 

PHILIPS, MISS LAVINIA, of Pittston, married to David Montross, of North- 

moreland, at Pittston, May 21, 1835 June 3, 1835. 

PASSMORE, MISS HANNAH, daughter of John Passmore, of Susquehanna 

county, married to Major Milton Cortright, of Pittston, May 21, 1S35, 

June 10, 1835. 

PARSONS, MISS FLUVIA MALVINA, a native of Connecticut, died at 

Pittston, Pa., September II, 1835. Obituary, . . September 30, 1835. 
PETTEBONE, OLIVER GATES, married to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of 

Joshua Petteboue, Dec. 15, 1835, both of Kingston, . . Dec. 30, 1835. 
PETTEBONE, MISS ELIZABETH, married to Oliver Gates Pettebone, 

December 15, 1835, December 30, 1835. 

PURINGTON, MISS LYDIA, at Windham, married to Major Samuel Bixby, 

February 7, 1S36, February 10, 1836. 

PARKER, MISS SARAH, of Kingston, married to Almanza Rogers, of North- 

moreland, March 10, 1S36, March 16, 1836. 

PACE, MARIA, infant daughter of Michael Pace, of Plymouth, died aged 5 

months, September 21, 1836. 

PETTEBONE, GEORGE, son of Noah Pettebone, died October 12, 1836, 

aged one year, October 26, 1836. 

RICE, JOHN, married at Kingston to Miss Mary Ann Kunkle, of Dallas, 
March 5, 1S29, March 13, 1S29. 

RAY, ALEXANDER, at Exeter, married to Jennet Sickler, daughter of Wil- 
liam Sickler, March 15, 1S29 March 20, 1829. 

ROBINSON, CHARLES MINER, died April 15, 1829, aged 19 years, 
April 17, 1829. 

RUSSEL, WILLIAM, died June 27, 1830, July 2, 1830. 

RUTTER, NATHANIEL, married to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Jacob 
Cist, January 13, 1831, January 14, 1831. 

RUSSEL, MRS. CHRISTINA A., died January 15, 1831, aged 62 years, 
January 21, 1831. 

ROBBINS, JOHN, died August 22, 1831, aged 45 years, . . . Sept. 7, 1831. 



I50 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

REYNOLDS, WILLIAM C, of Kingston, married to Miss Jane, daughter of 

John Smith, of Plymouth, June 19, 1S32, June 20, 1832. 

REECE, GEORGE, married to Miss Sally Ann Pettibone, daughter of Joshua 

Pettibone, September 6, 1832, September 12, 1832. 

RAUB, SALLY ANN, died September 28, 1832, aged 20 years, at New Troy, 

October 3, 1835. 

REYNOLDS, CHAUNCEY A., of Plymouth, married to Mary, daughter of 

Col. Lazarus Dennison, November 6, 1832, . . . November 7, 1832. 
ROBINSON, SYBIL, daughted of Mr. Jared Robinson, died at Windham, 

November 2, 1830, aged 18 years, November 5, 1830. 

ROGERS, JOSEPH, married to Miss Hannah Clark, both of Northmoreland, 

April 15, 1831. 

ROSECRANTS, JOHN, married to Miss Sarah Ann Whitney, August 25, 

1833, at Tunkhannock, Pa., both of Tuscarora township, Bradford 

county, September 4, 1833. 

REYNOLDS , au infant daughter of William C. Reynolds, died August 

3°> 1833, September 4, 1833. 

RHON, EDWARD, died August 30, 1S33, aged 35, . . September 4, 1833. 
RILEY, BARNEY A., married to Miss Dorothy Orr, daughter of John Orr, 

March 14, 1834, both of Dallas, March 26, 1834. 

ROBINSON, ALMIRA, wife of Rosewell Robinson, daughter of Col. Joseph 

Burgess, died March 17, 1S34, at Windham March 26, 1S34. 

RICE, MISS MARGARET, daughter of Jacob Rice, married to Rev. Mum- 

ferd, October 14, 1S34, October 23, 1834. 

REEL, MISS ANN, married to Samued T. Pettibone, November 18, 1834, 

both of Kingston, November 19, 1834. 

ROGERS, MELINDA, wife of Almanza Rogers, died at Northmoreland, 

December 20, 1834, aged 42 years. Obituary, . . December 24, 1834. 
REYNOLDS, GEORGE, died June 24, 1835, at Plymouth, aged 18 years, 

son of Benjamin Reynolds, July I, 1835. 

RUMSEY, AARON, married to Miss Ann Lafey, December 3, 1835, both of 

Kingston, December 9, 1835. 

REDFIELD, MISS BETSEY D., married to Mr. Chester Buck, December 

30, 1835, January 6, 1836. 

ROGERS, ALMANZA, of Northmoreland, married to Miss Susan Parker, of 

Kingston, March 10, 1S36, March 16, 1836. 

REYNOLDS, MARY CLINTON, daughter of William C. Reynolds, at 

Kingston, died August 20, 1836, aged 2 years, . . . August 24, 1836. 
ROGERS, MRS. MARY, wife of Elder Joel Rogers, died October 7, 1836, 

aged 52 years. Obituary, October 26, 1836. 

ROBINSON, MISS MARY ANN, daughter of John W. Robinson, married to 

Hendrick B. Wright, April 21, 1835, May 6, 1S35. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I 5 I 

SHRYNER, SAMUEL, died at Pittston, August 9, 182S, aged 30 years, for- 
merly of Northumberland, Pa., August 22, 1828. 

STODDARD, THOMAS A., married to Lydia, daughter of Captain Jared 
Slauter, October 16, 1S28, October 24, 1828. 

SLAUTER, LYDIA, daughter of Captain Jared Slauter, married October 16, 

1828, to Thomas A. Stoddard, October 24, 1828. 

ST. JOHN, AMELIA, daughter of Benjamin St. John, died October 22, 1828, 

October 24, 1828. 

SHERMAN, REV. MORGAN, of Auburn, N. Y., married to Miss Caroline 

Stewart, of Berwick, on January 16, 1 S29, January 23, 1829. 

STEWART, CAROLINE, at Berwick, married to Rev. Morgan Sherman, 

January 16, 1S29, . January 23, 1829. 

SIMMONS, MISS S. L., married to Stephen Capwell, February 12, 1829, at 

Abington, February 27, 1S29. 

SEARLE, MRS. MARY, wife of William Searle,died at Plainsville, February 

12, 1829, aged 47 years, March 13,1829. 

SICKLER, JENNET, married to Alexander Ray, at Exeter, March 15, 1829, 

March 20, 1829. 

SMITH, ERASTUS, at Pittston, married to Matilda Howard, April 12, 1829, 

. . April 24, 1829. 

SLOCUM, MISS RODA, daughter of William Slocum, of Tunkhannock, 

married to James Wright, May 27, 1829, May 29, 1829. 

SMITH, CHRISTINA, daughter of John Smith, died June 7, 1829, aged 25 

years, June 12, 1S29. 

SEARLE, CORNELIUS, died June 14, 1829, aged 24 years, . June 19, 1829. 
STEWART, JOHN, formerly of Philadelphia, died at Pittston, March 16, 

1829, aged 62 years March 20, 1S29. 

SLOCUM, SARAH, died at Pittston, March 17, 1829, . . . March 20, 1829. 
SHOEMAKER, COL. ELIJAH, died July 14, 1S29, aged 51 years, 

July 17, 1829. 

SCHOTT, CAPT. JOHN PAUL, died at Philadelphia, July 18, 1829, aged 
85 years, July 24, 1829. 

SMITH, VALENTINE, August 15, 1829, died at Newport, aged 54 years, 
August 21, 1S29. 

STERLING, MISS SUSAN, married to Thomas Newman, at Braintrim, No- 
vember 8, 1829 November 20, 1829. 

SMITH, ADELIA ANN, daughter of D. Smith, married at Pittston, to Lewis 
Miller, November 8, 1S29, November 20, 1829. 

STARK, MRS. RUTH, wife of Henry Stark, died at Tunkhannock, Novem- 
ber S, 1S29, aged 21 years, November 20,1829. 

SILVER, JOHN S., of Mount Carbon, married to Miss Harriet Butler, daugh- 
ter of late Zebulon Butler, of Wilkes-Barre, at Philadelphia, November 
30, 1S29, December II, 1829. 



152 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

SNOW, JOHN, of Dundaff, married to Catherine, daughter of Henry Court- 
right, at Plains, January 12, 1830, January 15, 1830. 

STONE, MRS. SARAH, wife of Raphael Stone, and daughter of late Jonas 
Ingham, of Bucks county, died at Wyalusing, December 30, 1829, 
January 29, 1830. 

STOWBRIDGE, SAMUEL C, married to Eleanor Johnson, both of Pittston, 
at Providence, January 29, 1830. 

SPEECE, JOHN, late of Wilkes-Barre, married at Mauch Chunk, to Miss 
Lydia Dobson, April 30, 1830. 

SWALLOW, JACOB, died at Sunbury, Ohio, October 29, 1830, aged 44 years, 
formerly of Pittston, November 19, 1830. 

SUTTON, SILAS, of Falls, married to Miss Harriet Gardner, of Exeter, No- 
vember 21, 1830, December 3, 1 S30. 

SLOCUM, son of Giles, died in Exeter, January I, 1831, aged six months, 
January 7, 1831. 

SITGREAVES, SUSAN, daughter of Samuel Sitgreaves, and wife of Rev. 
Samuel Bowman, died at Lancaster, January I, 1S31, . Jan. 14, 1S31 . 

STEVENS, MISS MELISSA, daughter of Noah Stevens, of Blakely, married 
to William Mallory, of Montrose, January 26, 1S31, . February 4, 1S31. 

SITGREAVES, REV. SAMUEL, died at his residence, Georgetown, Md., 
August 12, 1830, son of late Samuel Sitgreaves, of Easton, aged 32 
years, August 20, 1830. 

STEPHENS, WILLIAM J., married to Dorothea Wood, August 30, 1831, 
September 7, 1S31. 

SMITH, FRANCIS J., of Plymouth, married to Miss Mary A. Egle, of Harris- 
burg, April 10, 1832, April 18, 1832, 

SMITH, MISS JANE, daughter of John Smith, of Plymouth, married to Wil- 
liam C. Reynolds, June 19, 1832, June 20, 1S32. 

SAILOR, MISS CATHARINE, at Pittston, married to Philo Bowers, June 
21, 1832, June 27, 1832. 

SLOCUM, MAJ. BENJAMIN, aged 62 years; 

SLOCUM, EBENEZER, aged 66 years. Obituary notice written by Charles 
Miner, and published in Village Record, at Westchester, Pa., August 
IO, 1832, copied in Wyoming Republican, August 22, 1S32. 

SMITH, WHITNEY, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Mary Ann, daughter 
of Samuel Thomas, of Kingston, Sept. II, 1832, . . . Sept. 12, 1S32. 

SHARPS, MISS PHEBE, daughter of John Sharps, of Kingston, married to 
William Jacobs, October 4, 1832, October 10, 1S32. 

STEWART, WEBSTER, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Sarah Bird, of 
Kingston, December 28, 1832, January 2, 1S33. 

SKEER, MRS. JOANNA, wife of Albert Skeer, died January 26, 1833, aged 
36 years, January 30, 1S33. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM B., of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Susan, daughter of 
Ebenezer D. Greenough, at Sunbury, Feb. 6, 1833, . . Feb. 13, 1S33. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I 53 

SWETLAND, MRS. JANE, only daughter of Rev. Samuel Carver, died April 
23, 1833 May I, 1833. 

STAIGER, MICHAEL, of Stoddartsville, married to Miss Susan Messier, of 
Tobehanna, June I, 1833, June 12,1833. 

SHAVER, JOHN, of this neighborhood, while on a visit at St. Louis, Mo., 
died with cholera May 28, 1833, June 26, 1833. 

SWAIN, FREEBORN, late of Tunkhannock, Pa., died at Southport, N. Y., 
June 12, 1833 June 26, 1833. 

STAGE, MISS ADA, married to Mr. Pennington Williams, August 18, 1833, 
both of Falls township, September 4, 1833. 

SHUPP, PHILIP, died at Plymouth, October 5, 1833, aged thirty-nine years, 
October 9, 1833. 

SHOEMAKER, MRS. MARY, wife of Hon. Charles D. Shoemaker, died 

December 2, 1833, aged 31 years, December 4, 1833. 

Obituary, December 11, 1833. 

SHARPS, MISS EDITH, daughter of John Sharps, married to George Laza- 
rus, Jr., November 21, 1833, December 4, 1833. 

SMITH, MARTIN, married to Miss Mary Miller, December 5, 1833, both of 
Eaton December 11, 1833. 

SHARPS, JACOB, 2d, of Kingston, married to Mary Ann, daughter of Joseph 
Schooley, December 5, 1833, December 11, 1833. 

SCHOOLEY, MISS MARY ANN, married to Jacob Sharps, 2d, December 
5, 1833, December II, 1833. 

SMITH, DEODAT, died February 1, 1834, February 5, 1S34. 

SCHWEINITZ, REV. LEWIS D. VON, head of Moravian Society, died at 
Bethlehem, February 8, 1834, February 19, 1834. 

SUTTON, MRS. SARAH, relict of late James Sutton, died in Exeter, August 
20, 1834. Obituary September 17, 1834. 

SLOCUM, MISS FRANCES, daughter of Benjamin Slocum, late of Tunk- 
hannock, married to Samuel T. Nicholson, of Wilkes-Barre, October 2, 
1834, October 15, 1S34. 

SMITH, REV. ERASTUS, married Clarissa Landon, at Pittston, October 14, 
1834, October 23, 1834. 

SNYDER, MISS ELIZABETH, married to Charles T. Atwater, November 
3, 1834, November 12, 1S34. 

SKEER, ALBERT, of Kingston, married at Salem, Wayne county, to Miss 
Emily, daughter of Henry Avery, of Salem, December 16, 1834, 
December 24, 1 834. 

SHOEMAKER, GEORGE, of Kingston, married to Miss Rebecca, daughter 
of John Jones, of Berwick, January 14, 1835, . . . January 21, 1835. 

STEWART, THOMAS Jr., son of Thomas Stewart, of Britain township, 

Bucks county, was drowned in the Ohio river about April I, 1835, aged 

34 years. Was returning home. (From Bucks county Intelligencer), 

January 24, 1S35. 



154 RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

SMITH, MISS HARRIET, daughter of Dr. John Smith, of New Troy, mar- 
ried to George Gore, February 5, 1S35, February 11, 1S35. 

SHAFER, MARGARET, married to Jonas France, July 5, 1835, both of 
Kingston, July 8, 1S35. 

SHOEMAKER, NATHAN, son of the late Col. Elijah Shoemaker, of Kings- 
ton, died at Muncy, Lycoming county, July 3, 1835, . . July 15, 1S35. 

SPAULDING, MISS HULDA ANN, at Windham, married to Theodore O. 
Bates, August 2, 1835, both of Windham, August 12, 1835. 

SCOTT, MISS MARTHA, daughter of the Hon. David Scott, married to 
Luther Kidder, October 13, 1835, October 21, 1S35. 

SCOTT, MRS. ELIZA JANE, wife of Dr. David Scott, died at Towanda, 
Bradford county, December 2, 1835. Obituary, . December 23, 1835. 

SINTON, JOSEPH, died January 29, 1836, aged 62 years. Obituary, 
February 17, 1S36. 

STILES, DANIEL, of Black Creek, married to Miss Hannah E. Bacon, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1836, March 2, 1S36. 

SCOTT, HON. DAVID, at Harrisburg, married to Mrs. Mary S. Dorrance.of 
Lykens Valley, March 1, 1836, March 16, 1S36. 

SNYDER, MISS MARY, at Plymouth, married to Peter Keller, April 20, 
1836, May II, 1836. 

STRANGER, MISS CHARLOTTE P., daughter of Mr. Philip Stranger, of 
Windham, died April 22, 1835, aged 13 years, .... May 6, 1835. 

TAYLOR, ARNOLD, died at Kingston, September 21, 182S, aged 32 years. 
Obituary, September 26, iS2S- 

TAYLOR, ELEANOR, wife of Mr. Samuel Taylor, died at Lowrytown, Sep- 
tember 18, 1828, aged 24 years, 10 months, 2 days, . . Sept. 26, 182S. 

TUBBS, CAPT. SIMON, died at Huntington, October 22, 1828, aged 49 
years, October 31, 1828. 

TAYLOR, EDMUND, married to Mary, daughter of Elnathan Wilson, De- 
cember 28, 1S28 January 2, 1 S29. 

TAYLOR, REBECCA, wife of Reuben Taylor, died in Falls township, No- 
vember 1S29, aged 94 years, formerly of Norwalk, Conn . Aug. 20, 1 830. 

TAYLOR, THADDEUS, died June, 1830, at Falls township . Aug. 20, 1830. 

TRACY, CHARLES, married to Miss Sarah Blakesley, September 8, 1830, 
at Montrose, both of Springville, September 17, 1830. 

TRACY, MISS MARY ANN, died April 19, 1831. Obituary . April 22, 1831. 

THOMAS, MISS MARY ANN, daughter of Samuel Thomas, of Kingston, 

married to Whitney Smith, of Wilkes-Barre, September II, 1832, 

September 12, 1832. 

TERRY, MINER, married to Miss Sarah Lacey, September 19, 1833, both of 
Braintrim, October 9, 1833. 

TUPPER, MISS MARY ANN, married to Daniel Geary, September 26, 1S33. 
October 9, 1833. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. I55 

THOMAS, MISS MARTHA P., daughter of General Samuel Thomas, mar- 
ried to John Agard, March 6, 1S34, March 12, 1S34. 

TRUCKS, MISS MARIA, of Kingston, at Spoon River, Ills., married to 
Samuel McClurk, of N. Y. state. February 4, 1834, . March 12, 18^4. 

THOMAS, MISS MARIA, of Plymouth, married to George W, Morris, of 
Columbia county, April 9, 1S34, April 16, 1834. 

UTLY, EDWARD, formerly of Cortland, N. Y., died of small-pox, October 
II, 1830 October 15, 1S30. 

ULP, MARIA, daughter of Barnet Ulp, married to William H. Alexander, 
December 2, 1S30, December 10, 1830. 

ULP, BARNET, died April 26, 1833, aged 50 years, ..... May 1, 1833. 

VAN HORN, ESPY, died at Williamsport, his residence, in 35th year of his 
age, September II, 1829. 

VAN LOON, CATHERINE, daughter of Abraham Van Loon, of Exeter, 
married to Dr. Alfred Brace, at Northmoreland, . . . Sept. 26, 1828. 

VAN TILE, MRS. MARGARET, married to Cyrus Mann, April 14, 1836, 
both of Northmoreland, April 20, 1S36. 

VAUGN, CAPT. STEPHEN, married June 21, 1832, to Miss Frances Buck- 
inham, lately of Connecticut, June 27, 1832. 

VAUGHN, CYRUS, married in Windham, to Miss Jane Kinsman, April 12, 
1834, April 23, 1834. 

WILSON, MRS. MINERVA, wife of Dr. A. B. Wilson, died May. 31, 1S31, 
at Berwick, June 8, 1S31. 

W T ALLER, CAPT. NATHAN, died July 11, i83i,aged 79yrs . July 13, 1S31. 

WILSON, MISS MARY, daughter of Elnathan W 7 ilson, married to Edmund 
Taylor, December 28, 1828, January 2, 1829. 

WHEELER, MISS POLLY, married to William Caton, at Plymouth, Jan- 
uary 18, 1S29, both of Plymouth, January 23, 1829. 

WYETH, ELLIOT FRANCIS, of Harrisburg, married to Miss Susan H. 

Maxwell, May 12, 1S29 May 22, 1S29. 

WRIGHT, JAMES, of Tunkhannock, married to Miss Roda, daughter of 

William Slocum, of Tunkhannock, May 27, 1829, . . . May 29, 1S29. 
WADHAMS, MISS LYDIA, married to Samuel French, May 20, 1S29, both 

of Plymouth, May 29, 1829. 

WILLIAMS, CYNTHIA, daughter of Darius Williams, married to Reuben 

Jones, at Kingston, June iS, 1S29, June 26, 1829. 

WILLIAMS, ROBERT, married to Saily, daughter of late Capt. Jesse Brown, 

at Plymouth, October 15, 1S29, October 23, 1S29. 

WILSON, DR. JOHN, married to Elsy Capwell, March 3, 1830, both of Ab- 

ington, March 19, 1830. 

WRIGHT, CHARLES, at Pittston, married to Miss Elizabeth, youngest 

daughter of Cornelius Courtright, January 1, 1S31, . . January 7, 1S31. 
WRIGHT, THOMAS, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Susan D., daughter 

of the late John Brink, at Oxford, N. J., Jan. 1, 1S31, . . Jan. 14,1831. 
WEST, infant daughter of George West, died, age one year, . . Jan. 14, 1S31. 
WATSON, SUSAN, daughter of William Watson, died January 15, 1831, at 

Covington, aa;ed 4^ years, Januarv 21, 1S31. 

WOOD, WILLIAM, only child of Job W. Wood, died May 26,1831, aged 

17 months, June 3, 1831. 



i S 6 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



WILSON, MRS. MINERVA, wife of Dr. A. B. Wilson, died at Berwick, 

January 8, 1831. 

WALLER, CAPT. NATHAN, died July II, i83i,aged 79 years. One of 

the old settlers, July 13, 1S31. 

WOOD, MISS DOROTHEA, married to William J. Stevens, August 30, 1831, 

September 7, 183 1. 

WORTHINGTON, MRS., wife of Elijah Worthington, died at Pittston, 

October 2, 1831 October 5, 1S31. 

WILSON, DR. A. B., married to Miss Frances R. Knight, March 5, 1833, 

both of Berwick, March 20, 1S33. 

WALSH, PETER, died at New Ross, Ireland, March 7, 1S33. He was a 

celebrated character in the annals of Temperance. Obituary, 

June 12, 1833. 

WILLIAMS, PENNINGTON, married to Miss Ada Stage, August 18, 1S33, 

both of Falls township, September 4, 1833. 

WHITNEY, MISS SARAH ANN, married to John Rosencrantz, August 25, 

1833, at Tunkhannock, both of Tuscarora township, Bradford county, 

Pa., September 4, 1S33. 

WOODWORTH, MISS JULIA ANN, married to Llewellyn Lyman, October 

10, 1833 October 23, 1833. 

WHITE, SYLVESTER, of Bradford county, married to Miss Elizabeth Meda, 

Northmoreland, January 5, 1834, January S, 1S34. 

WILSON, MISS ANNA C, daughter of Elnathan Wilson, of Wilkes-Barre, 

married to Archibald Edmonston, of Washington, D. C, at Princeton, 

N. J., February 6, 1834, February 19, 1S34. 

WORTHINGTON, E. B., editor of Wilkes-Barre Advocate, married to Miss 

Sarah McShane, eldest daughter of Ezekial McShane, late of Philadel- 
phia, May I, 1834, May 7, 1S34. 

WILLITT, WILLIAM, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Mary Oakley, of 

Kingston, May 1, 1834, May 7, 1S34. 

WRIGHT, MISS MARY ANN, daughter of Josiah Wright, married to Albert 

McAlpine, October 2, 1S34, October 15, 1834. 

WELLS, HENRY H., married to Mrs. Mary E. Putnam, December 26, 1834, 

both of Owego, N. Y., December 31, 1S34. 

WRIGHT, HENDRICK B., married to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of John 

W. Robinson, April 21, 1835, May 6, 1835. 

WURTS, WILLIAM, of Wilkes-Barre, married to Miss Janetta Lathrop, of 

Carbondale, March 15, 1836, March 23, 1836. 

WHITE, WM. BISHOP, died in Philadelphia. Obituary, . July 27, 1836. 

YARRINGTON, MARY ANN, daughter of Luther Yarrington, married to 
Hugh S. Jackson, June 12, 1S29, June 26, 1S29. 

YARRINGTON, ABEL, son of D. Yarrington, died October 21, 1829, at 

Dundaff, aged seven months, October 30, 1829. 

YOST, SAMUEL, died in Sugarloaf township, July 6, 1836, aged 55 years, 
July 13, 1836. 



The newspapers from which the above list was compiled are all to be found 
In the Historical Society Library. 



iS'7 



OBITUARIES. 



CHARLES PARRISH. 

Charles Parrish was born in Dundaff, now Lackawanna 
county, Pennsylvania, August 27, 1826, and died suddenly 
at Hotel Stenton, Philadelphia, Sunday evening, December 
27, 1896. He was descended from Thomas Parrish, who 
was born in England, in 16 12, and who came to this country 
in 1635. He was a noted physician. A son, Thomas Parrish, 
was graduated at Harvard. Another son, John Parrish, was 
one of the original proprietors of Groton, Mass. He was a 
Selectman, a Deputy to the General Court, and a man of 
civil and military honors. His grandson Isaac, was a lieu- 
tenant in the French and Indian war. From Isaac Parrish 
there came two generations of sons who were called Archip- 
pus. The second of these was born in Windham, Conn., 
in 1773. He married Phoebe Miller, a woman of Revolu- 
tionary ancestry. They came to the Wyoming Valley in 
1 8 10. Archippus Parrish was, according to the reckoning 
of those days, a man of large fortune. Most of this was lost 
however through unfortunate investments and Archippus 
Parrish became the proprietor of one of the famous hostelries 
of the earlier days of Wyoming Valley. The hotel stood 
on the southeast corner of the square and East Market street. 

Charles Parrish, one of the nine children of Archippus 
Parrish received a common school education at the old Wilkes- 
Barre Academy, and at fifteen entered upon what proved to 
be a remarkable business career. After seven years as a 
clerk with Ziba Bennett, he became a partner. He was 
married June 31, 1864, to Mary, daughter of Judge John 



I58 OBITUARY. 

N. Conyngham, LL. D. The widow survives him, as also 
three daughters — Anna Conyngham, Eleanor Mayer, and 
Katherine. 

The name of Charles Parrish is closely associated with 
the marvelous growth of the Wyoming Valley, and the de- 
velopment of its magnificent resources. He was one of the 
pioneers in the coal business and was the head and front of 
some of the greatest of the coal corporations. The Kem- 
bleton Coal Co. was the first product of his energy. Then 
Mr. Parrish became the President of the so called Philadel- 
phia Coal Co., which opened and operated the Empire mine. 
The coal was shipped by canal. When the freshet of 1862, 
destroyed the Lehigh canal from White Haven to Mauch 
Chunk, Mr. Parrish set about organizing the Lehigh and Sus- 
quehanna railroad. He was also the organizer and for many 
years the President of the Lehigh and Wilkes-Barre Coal 
Co. He was interested in the opening and operation of the 
Sugar Notch mine, Pine Ridge mine, the Sunbury and 
Wilkes-Barre railroad, the Pennsylvania Canal, the Lehigh 
Coal and Navigation Co., and in many lesser concerns. He 
was for many years President of the First National Bank of 
this city, and President of the Hazard Rope Works. He was 
one of the projectors of the Wyoming Valley Hotel, and was 
interested in several of the largest manufacturing interests 
that have added to the wealth and the resources of this city 
and its environment. 

In fact Charles Parrish may be justly said to have fairly 
represented the genius and the modern spirit of business 
enterprise in this valley and for years he was the leader in 
originating and developing important and far reaching com- 
mercial schemes. It is sometimes said of statesmen that 
they are of two kinds — those who are great in their calling 
and those who represent great ideas. The same distinction 
applies equally to business minds. There are many who 
are great in their calling. But those who represent great 



OBITUARY. 159 

ideas are so few that they can be counted, as a century's 
product of any locality, on the fingers of one hand. Charles 
Parrish represented great commercial ideas. His ability lay, 
not so much in guarding the enterprises already set on foot 
and in planning the current details of the present, as in the 
inestimably greater field — that of forecasting the future, and 
building, not for to-day, not for the coming months, but for 
the future years. He was therefore essentially broad-gauged 
both in theory and practice. 

His own city needed him and made him President of the 
council 1866-74. He was also once nominated for State 
Senator. His was a pioneer mind of clear perception and of 
optimistic confidence. Schemes of his that made other 
business men waver, at last in justification by successful out- 
come made these same men stand amazed. And a few in- 
stances of this character made it natural that Charles Parrish 
should be eagerly sought for counsel by those who knew 
his sagacity and unerring judgment. It is an interesting 
question whether the tremendous concerns in which he was 
interested and whose principal burdens he so long bore did 
not at last combine to sap much of his vitality. This ex- 
planation very likely makes clear the secret of his enfeeble- 
ment during his later years, and if the bodily ailing can be 
thus explained is it not also fair to suppose that the mind 
that had formulated and made possible vast schemes should, 
after long years, yield to the strain and develop an un- 
natural optimism that proved to him disastrous. For he 
made and lost three great fortunes, though he never doubted 
that he should be able to acquire another. 

Charles Parrish was for most of his life the corporation 
man, the capitalist and the coal operator, and yet he was 
always a brother to his fellow men. There was never a dis- 
agreement between capital and labor in which his sympathies 
were not aroused in behalf of the toiler. His private charity 
gifts were enormous. Many such instances have come to 



l6o OBITUARY. 

light since his death that were never before suspected. The 
system of workingmen's insurance companies was his sug- 
gestion. The tender, sympathetic side of his nature, it is fair 
to say, is not, and never was so well comprehended by his 
intimates as it is and was comprehended by the scores of 
poor whom he aided practically, and among whom his 
memory is held in tenderness and affection. 

There is hardly anything in the way of material progress 
of which we as a community boast — to say nothing of the 
development of the coal business and its aggrandizement of 
wealth — with which the name of Charles Parrish is not in- 
timately associated. He was one of the earliest members of 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, having been 
elected in 1858, and in 1889 he became a life member. He 
was also a member of the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the 
Revolution. 



MISS EMILY ISABELLA ALEXANDER. 

Miss Emily Isabella Alexander, died at her residence in 
Wilkes-Barre, 14 South River street, Thursday, February 
18, 1897, at 1.30 o'clock. Her illness had been a long and 
severe one. She had not in fact been in vigorous health for 
years. Her family is one of the oldest in this section, and 
the old homestead was at Hanover. On her maternal side 
Miss Alexander was descended from a colonial line — the 
Hibbards, Beardsleys, Nichols and Burritts — of Connecticut. 
On her paternal side she was decended from John Alexander, 
of County Donegal, Ireland, who by his wife Isabella Marks, 
had five sons, all born in Ireland, all of whom came to Penn- 
sylvania and settled at Carlisle, about 1760. The eldest of 
these, Thomas Alexander, was the direct ancestor of Miss 



Obituary. 161 

Alexander. His brother, Major William Alexander, served 
through the Revolutionary War. He was commissioned 
Captain, 7th Pennsylvania Regiment, Continental line, June 
1, 1776, ranking from May 18, and April 16, 1780 was pro- 
moted Major of the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. He retired 
July 1, 1783. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Society 
of the Cincinnati, his diploma being now in the possession 
of his legal heir to that society, John Alexander, brother of 
Miss Alexander. Another brother, John Alexander, was 
commissioned Second Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Battalion, 
January 9, 1776, promoted First Lieutenant March 23, 1776, 
made Captain 4th Pennsylvania, Continental line, March 20, 
1777, resigned July 11, 1781, and died August 4, 1804, at 
Carlisle, aged 51. Still another brother, Samuel Alexander, 
served in the Pennsylvania line. 

Thomas Alexander was among the members of the First 
Presbyterian Church at Carlisle, 1773, with his brothers 
William and Samuel. He married Agnes Mitchell, and 
died June 15, 1802. His eldest son, John Alexander of 
Carlisle, married July 4, 1798, Hannah Downer Hibbard, 
and had William Hibbard Alexander, born Carlisle, Novem- 
ber 19, 1805, died Wilkes-Barre, 1864. He married Decem- 
ber 2, 1820, Maria Ulp, daughter of Barnett Ulp of Wilkes- 
Barre, and his first child was Miss Emily Isabella Alexander. 

She was a woman of strong character and had a disposition 
that made her particularly dear to her intimate friends, who 
loved her with a strong and abiding affection. She was a 
student of the best books all her life and she was happy in 
the association of the great minds of literature. Her library 
was one of varied excellence and was a large and splendidly 
selected one. A naturally fine mind was hers and it was 
enriched by the love of books and by extensive travel. She 
was a student also of the arts and this taste had been largely 
fostered by her travels abroad. She was not by nature a 
solitary person, but she always delighted in the companion- 



l62 OBITUARY. 

ship of her friends, from many of whom she was isolated 
much on account of her physical ills. She was singularly 
loyal in her friendships and there was a quality of pure gold 
about her character that those who had known her best and 
longest had grown to appreciate and value. And among 
other noble attributes was that of patience in affliction, which 
showed itself conspicuously in the last few months of her life. 
Much beloved in life, in death she is sincerely mourned. 
Miss Alexander was a member of the Pennsylvania Soci- 
ety of Colonial Dames, and since 1881, a resident member 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 



Obituaries of the following deceased members will appear in 
Volume V. : 

Col. Samuel H. Sturdevant. 

Isaac Long. 

Capt. Lazarus Denison Stearns, U. S. V. 

H. Baker Hillman. 



CHARTER. 



To the Ho?wrable the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Luzerne County : 

The petition of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society 
respectfully represents : That they are an association duly in- 
corporated under the laws of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
by the decree of this Court duly made on the ioth day of May, 
A. D. 1858, for literary and scientific purposes, such as are 
embraced within corporations of the first class specified in sec- 
tion second of an act of the General Assembly of this common- 
wealth entitled "An Act to provide for the incorporation and 
regulation of certain corporations," approved on the 29th day 
of April, A. D, 1874. That in pursuance of the provisions of 
the said act of the General Assembly, they are desirous of im- 
proving, amending and altering the articles and conditions of 
their charter so as to come under the provisions of and have the 
powers and immunities of the said act of General Assembly and 
its supplements, the same as though they were originally incor- 
porated thereunder, and to abolish, abandon, and be forever 
released from all and singular the articles and conditions of their 
present charter which in any manner do or may conflict or in- 
terfere with the same, or with the certificate and provisions here- 
inafter set forth ; and at a meeting of said corporation, duly 
convened, the following improvements, amendments and alter- 
ations of the said charter were duly adopted : 

The first section or article of said old charter shall be left as 
it now stands, so as to read as follows, to-wit : 

I. The name of this corporation shall be the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society. 

The second section or article of said old charter shall be 
amended and altered so as to read as follows, to-wit : 

II. The purposes for which it is chartered are literary, scien- 
tific and historical, for the collection and maintenance of a 
library and museum, and especially for the collection and pres- 
ervation of relics and records connected with, and calculated to 
elucidate, the history of Wyoming Valley and its vicinity. 

And to strike out and annul all the other sections of said old 
charter, and amend and alter the same so as to read as follows, 
to-wit : 



164 CHARTER. 

III. The place where the business of said association is to be 
transacted is Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 

IV. The term for which it is to exist is perpetual. 

V. The corporation has no capital stock. The membership 
thereof shall be composed of the present members, and of such 
other persons as may, from time to time, be admitted by vote, 
in such manner and upon such requirements as may be pre- 
scribed by the by-laws. The said corporation shall nevertheless 
have power to exclude, expel or suspend members for such just 
and legal causes, and in such legal manner as may be ordained 
and directed by the by-laws. 

VI. The oversight and management of the said corporation 
shall be vested in a board of five Trustees, and such officers of 
the corporation as may, under the by-laws, be Trustees ex-officio. 
The said five Trustees shall be elected annually by members of 
the corporation on such day and at such place as may be fixed 
by the by-laws. The said Trustees shall hold their offices until 
the next annual election, and until their successors are legally 
elected, subject, nevertheless, to the power of amotion of any 
Trustee from the said office by the said corporation for legal 
cause and upon such proper and legal notice and hearing as may 
be provided by the by-laws. The names and residences of those 
chosen Trustees, who shall hold office until the next annual 
election of Trustees, and until their successors are legally elected, 
are : 

Charles F. Ingham, M. D., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Edward P. Darling, Esq., " " " 

Ralph D. Lacoe, Esq., Pittston, Pa. 
Sheldon Reynolds, Esq., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Harrison Wright, Esq., " " " 

This corporation shall be subject to the provisions of, and 
have all the powers, immunities and privileges granted, or in- 
tended to be granted, to corporations of the first class, by the 
above recited act of Assembly, approved 29th of April, A. D. 
1874, and its supplements. 

VII. The by-laws of this corporation shall be deemed and 
taken to be its laws, subordinate to the statute aforesaid, this 
charter, the constitution and laws of the United States, and of 
the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. They shall be altered and 
amended as provided for by one of the by-laws themselves, and 
shall prescribe the powers and functions of the Trustees herein, 
and those to be hereafter elected ; the times and place of meet- 
ing of the Trustees and of the members of this coporation for 



CHARTER. 165 

the various purposes and needs of this corportion ; the number 
of members who shall constitute a quorum at the meeting of the 
members of this corporation and of the Trustees ; the qualifica- 
tions and manner of electing members ; the manner of electing 
officers, and the powers and duties of such officials and all other 
the concerns and internal management of said corporation. 

VIII. These amendments shall be deemed and taken to be 
subject to and under the present constitution of the common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, and the act of General Assembly afore- 
said, and its supplements, their purpose and object being to 
come within the provisions of and to possess the powers and 
immunities of the same. 

IX. All articles and provisions of the said constitution, granted 
May 10th, A. D. 1858, which in anywise interfere with the fore- 
going provisions, are hereby annulled, superseded by and merged 
into this amended charter. 

The foregoing report of the committee, in form of petition to 
the Honorable the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Luzerne county, passed third reading at the meeting of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, held December 1st., 
A. D. 1882, was voted upon by sections and unanimously 
adopted, and committee (consisting of Edward P. Darling, J. 
W. Hollenback and W. P. Ryman) continued with request to 
press to confirmation by the court. 

Certified from the records of the society. 

Harrison Wright, Rec. Sec'y, 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 



Luzerne county, ss : 

In the Common Pleas, No. 158, January term, 1883. In 
the matter of the amendment of the charter of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society : 

And now, the nth day of December, A. D. 1882, the fore- 
going amendment and alterations of the charter of the Wyo- 
ming Historical and Geological Society having been duly pre- 
sented to this Court, in order that the same might be deemed 
and taken to be part of the charter of said corporation, and it 
appearing that such amendments and alterations are lawful and 
beneficial, and do not conflict with the requirements of the act 
of the General Assembly of this commonwealth, entitled "An 




l66 CHARTER. 

Act to provide for the incorporation and regulation of certain 
corporations," approved the 29th day of April, 1874, nor with 
the constitution of this State, it is hereby ordered and decreed 
that notice thereof shall be given by publication in accordance 
with the statute in such case made and provided. 

By the Court. 

And now, this 15th day of January, A. D. 1883, the within 
amendments, alterations and improvements having been pre- 
sented to this Court, accompanied by due proof of publication 
of notice thereof, and no cause having been shown to the con- 
trary, it is, on motion of W. P. Ryman, Esq. , ordered and de- 
creed that upon the recording of the same the said amendments, 
alterations and improvements as within set forth, shall be deem- 
ed and taken to be the charter of the said corporation. 

By the Court. Charles E. Rice, 

President Judge. 

State of Pen?isylvania, | 
County of Luzerne, ) 

Recorded in the office for recording deeds, etc., in and for 
said county, in Charter Book No. 1, page 527, etc. 

Witness my hand and official seal, at Wilkes-Barre, this 15th 
day of January, 1882. 

, f~^~ — » -J C. J. VOLKENAND, 

\ seal. I Recorder. 

per H. W. Heidenreich, 

Deputy. 



BY-LAWS. Ibf 



MEMBERSHIP. 

i. The membership shall consist of four classes : Resident, 
Corresponding, Honorary and Life. 

2. The election of members shall be by ballot, and three- 
fourths of all ballots shall be necessary to elect. The names of 
candidates for membership, together with the names of the 
members by whom they are proposed, shall be read at a meet- 
ing of the society, and shall not be balloted for until the next 
succeeding stated meeting. Candidates for resident member- 
ship shall make application in writing. 

Amended as follows : All names proposed for membership 
shall be referred to the Board of Trustees as a committee on 
membership, and upon the affirmative recommendation of a 
majority of such committee shall be voted upon at any meeting 
of the Society. 

3. Any person not residing within the original limits of the 
county of Luzerne may be elected a corresponding member. 
A resident member upon removing from the county may become 
a corresponding member, on giving notice of his removal and 
paying all arrears ; a corresponding member cannot continue 
such after returning to the county for permanent residence, but 
may become a resident member. 

4. Any person of recognized attainments in science or belles- 
lettres shall be eligible to honorary membership. 

5. No member who shall be in arrears for two years shall be 
entitled to vote or be eligible to any office ; and any failure to 
pay annual dues for two consecutive years, after due notice from 
the Treasurer, shall be considered a forfeiture of membership ; 
and no person whose name shall be expunged from the rolls of 
the society under the provisions of this clause shall be reinstated 
without the payment of his arrears, and then only at a regular 
meeting, by a majority vote of the members present. 

6. The fiscal year of the Society shall begin January first. 
Resident members shall pay, upon admission, the sum of five 
dollars, and after the next succeeding annual meeting the sum 
of five dollars each year, excepting that persons elected after 
October 1st in any year shall be exempt from payment of dues 
for that year. The payment of one hundred dollars at one time 
by a member not in arrears shall constitute him a life-member, 
with an exemption from all future payments. 



1 68 BY-LAWS. 

All moneys received on account of life-memberships shall be 
securely invested by the Trustees in the name of the Society, 
and shall form a fund to be called the Life-Membership Fund, 
the interest only of which shall be available for the uses of the 
society. The fund called the Harrison Wright Fund, and any 
other such special fund shall be likewise invested and the in- 
terest used. The Trustees shall pay to the Treasurer annually 
the accrued interest of said funds, or add the same to the funds 
as they deem for the best interests of the Society. Correspond- 
ing and honorary members shall not be required to pay an en- 
trance fee or annual dues. 

7. Resignation of membership shall be made in writing ad- 
dressed to the President of the Society. 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES. 

8. The officers of the Society shall be a President, a board of 
five Trustees, four Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a 
Corresponding Secretary, a Treasurer, a Librarian, an Assistant 
Librarian, four Curators, a Meteorologist, and a Historiographer. 
The officers shall be elected at the annual meeting, and hold 
office for one year, and until their successors are elected. 

9. The President, or in his absence, the highest officer pre- 
sent, shall preside at all meetings of the Society, and regulate 
the order thereof, and when required give the casting vote. 
The President shall be ex-officio Chairman of the board of Trus- 
tees. 

10. The Recording Secretary shall keep full minutes of all 
meetings, and have the same transcribed into a book of record. 
He shall have custody of the by-laws, records, and all papers 
appertaining to his office. He shall give notice of the time and 
place of all meetings. 

11. The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct all the corre- 
spondence, and preserve on file all communications addressed to 
the Society. He shall keep a letter-press, or other fair copy of 
all letters written by him, and read at each meeting such part of 
the correspondence as the President may direct. He shall 
notify officers and members of their election, and communicate 
all special votes to parties interested therein, and acknowledge 
all gifts to the several departments. 

12. The Treasurer shall collect the annual dues of the mem- 
bers, and other income of the Society, and deposit the money 
in one of the Wilkes- Barre banks to the credit of the Society, 
subject to the check of the Treasurer. He shall pay under prop- 



BY-LAWS. 169 

er vouchers all the ordinary expenses of the Society ; and shall, 
at the annual meeting, present a statement of the receipts and 
expenditures during the year, together with a full report of the 
financial condition of the Society. He shall give a bond for the 
faithful performance of his duties in a sum to be fixed by the 
Trustees, and by them held as security. 

13. The Librarian shall preserve and arrange in proper order 
all books, pamphlets, documents, manuscripts and other papers 
of the Society, and keep a catalogue of the same, numbering 
them with the proper numbers of both the general and special 
catalogues. He shall keep a record of all gifts and bequests to 
this department, with the date and name of the donor. 

14. There shall be one Curator for each of the following de- 
partments : Archaeology and History j Numismatics ; Geology 
and Mineralogy 5 and Paleontology. Each Curator shall have 
the charge and management of the special department assigned 
to his care, and shall arrange, classify and catalogue the same 
in such manner as shall be approved by the Cabinet Committee. 
He shall keep a record of all gifts to his department, together 
with the date and name of donor. 

15. The Trustees shall have entire charge of the business 
management of the affairs of the Society. They shall examine 
and audit the accounts of the Treasurer, and authorize and 
direct the investment of the surplus funds. They shall make 
such appropriations from the funds for the library, cabinets and 
other purposes as in their judgment shall seem necessary. They 
shall have the power to remit the dues of members in cases when 
circumstances render it proper. 

^ 16. The President, Librarian and the four Curators shall con- 
stitute a Cabinet Committee who shall have supervisory care of 
the library and collections. They shall direct the manner of 
expenditure of the moneys appropriated by the Trustees for the 
maintenance and increase of the library and cabinets, and pro- 
vide suitable cases, fixtures and supplies, and have authority to 
make exchanges. They shall make a detailed report at the an- 
nual meeting showing the condition of the departments under 
their care. 

17. A Publishing Committee shall be appointed by the Presi- 
dent, consisting of three members, to hold office one year, who 
shall prepare for publication and superintend the printing and 
distribution to members of all papers and documents which by 
the Society are ordered to be printed. The publications not 
distributed to members or exchanged with kindred societies 



1 70 BY-LAWS. 

shall be sold by the Trustees and the proceeds added to the 
Harrison Wright Fund and such other funds as they think best. 

18. The Meteorologist shall keep a record of the temperature, 
barometric pressure, direction and velocity of winds, degree of 
cloudiness, and amount of rainfall by daily observations, and as 
nearly as practicable at the hours adopted by the U. S. Signal 
Service department, and submit reports thereof at each stated 
meeting. 

19. The Historiographer shall collate and keep a record of 
such current events of local or public interest as he may deem 
worthy of preservation ; and prepare notices of members de- 
ceased during his term of office. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

20. The annual meeting shall be held on the eleventh day of 
February, at eleven o'clock a. m. ; in case, however, the same 
falls on Sunday, the meeting shall be held on the preceding 
Saturday. Stated meetings thereafter shall be held on the 
second Friday of May, September and December, at eight 
o'clock in the evening, at the hall of the Society. The Presi- 
dent may call special meetings whenever he shall deem it neces- 
sary. Seven members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting. 

2i. The Trustees shall hold regular meetings four times each 
year, to-wit : on the Monday evenings preceding the stated 
meetings of the Society; also adjourned and special meetings as 
may be necessary. A majority of the Trustees shall be a quo- 
rum. 

22. All reports of committees must be in writing and ad- 
dressed to the President, and shall be recorded by the Record- 
ing Secretary. 

23. All books, pamphlets and manuscripts shall be regularly 
numbered and marked with the name "Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society," and bear the proper numbers of the 
general and special catalogues. 

24. All gifts to the library or cabinet shall, when practicable, 
have the name of the donor attached thereto. 

25. No article belonging to the Society shall be taken from 
the rooms without permission of the Cabinet Committee. 

26. No person shall have the right to use any manuscript of 
the Society in the preparation of any paper or essay unless such 
paper or essay shall be read before the Society and become its 
property. 

27. The Society shall select, at the annual meeting, one of 



BY-LAWS. 1 7 1 

the members to deliver an address at the succeeding annual 
meeting. 

28. If any member shall violate the laws and regulations of 
the Society with intent to injure its interests, written charges 
may be preferred against such member at any meeting, and, 
after reasonable notice and hearing, the Society may, at the 
next stated meeting, by a three-fourths affirmative vote of all 
members present, fine, suspend or expel the offending member. 

29. The by-laws may be amended at a stated meeting by a 
vote of two-thirds of the members present ; provided the pro- 
posed amendments shall have been read at the stated meeting 
next preceding. 

30. Cushing's Manual shall be deemed and taken as part of 
the law of this Society, subject, however, to its charter and by- 
laws. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS AT ALL MEETINGS OTHER THAN 
ANNUAL MEETINGS. 

I. The Recording Secretary shall enter on the minutes the 

names of members present. 
II. Minutes of last stated, and of any subsequent special, 
meeting read for correction and approval. 

III. Acknowledgment of contributions. 

IV. Reading of correspondence. 
V. Nominations for membership. 

VI. Balloting for candidates for membership. 
VII. Reports of officers and committees. 
VIII. Deferred business. 
IX. New business. 
X. Addresses. 
XI. Adjournment. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS AT ANNUAL MEETINGS. 

I. Meeting opened with prayer. 
II. Recording names of members present. 

III. Reading of minutes of last stated and all subsequent 

meetings. 

IV. Election of officers for ensuing year. 
V. Reports of officers and committees. 

VI. Notices of death of members read. [dates. 

VII. Nominations for membership, and balloting for candi- 

VIII. Resolutions and miscellaneous business. 

IX. Addresses. 

X. Adjournment. 



OFFICERS FOR THE YEAR 1899. 



PRESIDENT, 

Hon. STANLEY WOODWARD. 

VICE PRESIDENTS, 

Rev. HENRY LAWRENCE JONES, S. T. D., 

CALVIN PARSONS, 

Col. GEORGE MURRAY REYNOLDS, 

Rev. FRANCIS BLANCHARD HODGE, D. D. 

CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

Rev. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN. 

RECORDING SECRETARY, 
SIDNEY ROBY MINER. 

TREASURER, 
FREDERICK CRISMAN JOHNSON, M. D. 

LIBRARIAN, 

Hon. JACOB RIDGWAY WRIGHT. 

ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN, 

Rev. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN. 

TRUSTEES, 

Hon. CHARLES ABBOTT MINER, EDWARD WELLES, 

SAMUEL LeROI BROWN, RICHARD SHARPE, 

ANDREW FINE DERR. 

CURATORS, 

Paleontology— RALPH D. LACOE. 

Mineralogy— WILLIAM REYNOLDS RICKETTS. 

Archaeology— Hon. JACOB RIDGWAY WRIGHT. 

Numismatics— Rev. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN. 

HISTORIOGRAPHER, 
WESLEY ELLSWORTH WOODRUFF. 

METEOROLOGIST, 

Rev. FRANCIS BLANCHARD HODGE, D. D. 

PUBLICATION COMMITTEE, 

Rev. HORACE EDWIN HAYDEN, 
WILLIAM REYNOLDS RICKETTS, 
MISS HANNAH PACKARD JAMES. 



)7t 



ELECTIVE OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 

1858 to 1899. 



PRESI 
James Plater Dennis, Chairman, . . . 

. February 11 to March 11, 1858. 
Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, lS58-'6o. 
Gen. W'm. Sterling Ross, . . .1861. 
Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . lS62-'63. 
Welding Fell Dennis, M. D., lS64-'65. 
Volney Lee Maxwell, . . . lS66-'67. 

Martin Coryell, 1868. 

Hon. John Nesbitt Conyngham, LL. D., 

1869. 

Hon. Hendrick Bradley Wright, . . 

1S70-72. 

Calvin Wadhams, 1S73. 



DENTS. 

James Plater Dennis, 1S74. 

Payne Pettebone, 1S75. 

Andrew Todd McClintock,LL.D.,iS76. 

Calvin Parsons, iS77-'7S. 

John Welles Hollenback, . . i879-'So. 
Hon. Charles Abbot Miner, . . 18S1. 
Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . iS82-'83. 
Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, i884-,SS. 
Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., . 

iS8o-'9i. 

Calvin Parsons, lS92-'93. 

Sheldon Reynolds, 1894. 

Hon. Stanley Woodward, . 1S95-99. 



VICE PRESIDENTS. 
Charles F. Ingham, M. D., l85S-'59. 



Andrew Todd McClintock,LL.D.,iS6o. 
Hon. Hendrick Bradley Wright, " 
George Matthias Hollenback, . " 
Charles Denison Shoemaker, . . " 

Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . . . 1861. 
William Wallace Loomis, ... *' 
George Matthias Hollenback, . " 
Edward Rodman Mayer, M. D., u 

Volney Lee Maxwell, . . . 1862-63. 

Payne Pettebone, " 

Charles Morgan, " 

David Richardson Randall, . . " 

Andrew Todd McClintock,LL.D.,iS64. 

Payne Pettebone, " 

Rev. George David Miles, ... " 
Rev. Alexander A. Hodge, D. D., " 



Andrew Todd McClintock,LL.D.,iS65. 

Payne Pettebone, " 

Rev. George David Miles, ... " 
Volney Lee Maxwell, .... •* 

Hon.Hendrick Bradley Wright,lS66-'67 

Payne Pettebone, «« 

Col. Charles Dorrance, .... " 
Hon. John Nesbitt Conyngham, LL. D. 

Payne Pettebone, 1S68. 

Augustus C. Laning, " 

John Milton Courtright, .... " 
Stiles Williams, " 

Andrew Todd McClintock,LL.D.,lS69. 
Thomas Ferrier Atherton, ... " 

Payne Pettebone, •< 

Hon. Hendrick Bradley Wright, " 



/: 



17 & 



174 



OFFICERS. 



Payne Petlebone, l870-'72. 

Calvin Parsons, " 

Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., " 
Douglass Smith, " 

Payne Pettebone, 1873. 

James Plater Dennis, " 

Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., " 
Calvin Parsons, " 

Payne Pettebone, 1874. 

Hon. Ziba Bennet " 

Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., " 
Calvin Parsons, " 

John Welles Hollenback, . . .1875. 
James Plater Dennis, ... " 

Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., " 
Calvin Parsons, " 

Calvin Parsons, 1876. 

Hon. Ziba Bennett, " 

John Welles Hollenback, ... " 
William H. Sturdevant, .... " 

Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, iS77-'78. 

Hon. Ziba Bennett, " 

John Welles Hollenback, ... " 
William H. Sturdevant, .... " 

William H. Sturdevant, . . i879-'8o. 
Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, . . " 
Edward Rodman Mayer, M. D., " 
Joseph A. Murphy, M. D., ... " 



Edward Rodman Mayer, M. D., 18S1. 
Joseph A. Murphy, M. D., . . " 
Col. Charles Dorrance, .... " 
William Lord Conyngham, . . " 

Edward Rodman Mayer,M.D.,i882-'83 
Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, . •' 

Calvin Parsons, " 

Lewis Compton Paine, .... " 

Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . iSS^'Sg. 
Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, . " 

Calvin Parsons, " 

Hon. Eckley Brinton Coxe, . . " 

Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, i8oo-'9i. 
Hon. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, " 

Calvin Parsons, " 

Hon. Eckley Brinton Coxe, . . " 

Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, i892-'93. 
Hon. Eckley Brinton Coxe, . . " 
Hon. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, " 
Ferdinand Vandivere Rockafellow, " 

Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, . . 1894. 

Calvin Parsons, " 

Hon. Eckley Brinton Coxe, 
Hon. Stanley Woodward, . 



Rev. Henry L. Jones, S.T. D 
Hon. Eckley Brinton Coxe, 

Calvin Parsons, 

Col. George Murray Reynolds, 

Rev. Henry L.Jones, S.T. D., iS96-'99. 

Calvin Parsons, « 

Col. George Murray Reynolds, " 

Rev. Francis Blanchard Hodge, D. D., ... " 



1895. 



CORRESPONDING SECRETARIES. 



William Penn Miner, 1858. 

Welding Fell Dennis, . . . iS6o-'62. 
Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, .... 
. 1862-63; iS7&-'79 ; i88i-'83. 
James Plater Dennis, . . . 1S64-65. 



Martin Coryell, . l866-'6S; 1870-75. 

Calvin Wadhams, 1869. 

Douglass Smith, 1880. 

Sheldon Reynolds, .... 1884-94. 
Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, iS94-'99. 



OFFICERS. 



175 



RECORDING SECRETARIES. 



George Hollenback Buller, . iS5S-'59. 

B. A. Barnes iS6o-'6l. 

Calvin Wadhams, 1862-65; l870-'7l. 
Latham W. Jones, .... i866-'69. 
Sidney Roby Miner, 



Harrison Wright, Ph.D., . . iS72-'S5. 

Jacob Ridgway Wright, . . iSS5-'S6. 

Simon Cameron Struthers, . iSSj-'c/O. 

Joseph David Coons, . . . lS9i-'93. 
. . . . l894-'99. 



TREASURERS. 



John Buder Conyngham, . . i85S-'6i 

Calvin Wadhams, l862-'67 

David Chase Harrington, . . . 1S68 

Latham W. Jones, 1869 

Martin Coryell, l870-*74 

Douglass Smith, ^7S~79 



Sheldon Reynolds iS8o-'82. 

Andrew Fine Derr, . . . 1883-85. 
Andrew Hamilton McClintock, . . . 

i886-'95. 

Frederick Crisman Johnson, M.D., . . 

lS96-'99. 



LIBRARIANS. 

Welding Fell Dennis, M. D James Plater Dennis, . . . 1877-81. 

1S58— '59; 1862-63. Samuel French Wadhams, . . .1882. 



Charles F. Ingham, M. D. 

iS6o-'6i ; i864-'67 ; i869-'73. 
Frederick Crisman Johnson, M. D., . . 
- i8 74 -'76. 



Andrew Hamilton McClintock, . . . 

• • • ." i88 3 -'85. 

Sheldon Reynolds, 1886. 

Hon. Jacob Ridgway Wright, i887-'99. 



ASSISTANT LIBRARIANS. 

Frederick Crisman Johnson, M. D., . . George Mortimer Lewis, 

i879-'8o; i890-'93. i883-'S5 ; i887-'89. 

Samuel French Wadhams, .1881-82. Sheldon Reynolds 1SS6. 

Harry Deitrick 1894. 

Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, l895-'99. 



TRUSTEES. 



Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . i884-'85. 

Ralph D. Lacoe, " 

Edwin Payson Darling " 

Sheldon Reynolds, • 

Harrison Wright, Ph. D., . . . " 



Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . . . 1SS6. 

Ralph D. Lacoe " 

Edwin Payson Darling, ... " 

Sheldon Reynolds, " 

Edward Welles, " 



176 



OFFICERS. 



Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . l887-'89. 

Ralph D. Lacoe, « 

Edwin Payson Darling, .... " 

Edward Welles, " 

Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, . . " 

Charles F. Ingham, M. D., . . . 1889. 

Samuel LeRoi Brown, .... " 
Edwin Payson Darling, .... " 

Edward Welles, " 

Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, . . " 



Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, 1890- 
Samuel LeRoi Brown, .... 

Edward Welles, 

Lewis H. Taylor, M. D., . . . 
Henry Harrison Harvey, . . . 

Hon. Charles Abbott Miner, 1 8c 

Edward Welles, 

Samuel LeRoi Brown, .... 
Henry Harrison Harvey, . . . 
Richard Sharpe, 



93- 



96. 



Plon. Charles Abbott Miner, 

Edward Welles, 

Samuel LeRoi Brown, . . 

Richard Sharpe, 

Andrew Fine Derr, .... 



1S97- 



99- 



CURATORS. 



Paleontology — Ralph D. Lacoe, lSS4-'99. 

Conchology — Charles F. Ingham, M. D., 1884-90; Irving A. Stearns, l89l-'97 ; 

William Reynolds Ricketts, 1898. 
Mineralogy— Harrison Wright, Ph. D., l8S4-'S5 ; Charles F. Ingham, M. D., 

l886-'90 ; Irving A. Stearns, 1S90-97 ; William Reynolds Ricketts, 1898-99. 
Archaeology and History — Sheldon Reynolds, 18S4-95 ; Jacob Ridgway Wright, 

i896-*99. 
Numismatics — Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, 18S4-99. 
Meteorologist — Gen. Edmund Lovell Dana, 1884-' 90; Rev. Francis B. Hodge, 

D. D., i890-'99. 
Historiographer — George Brubaker Kulp, 1884-97; Wesley Ellsworth Woodruff, 

1 897-99- 



STATISTICS OF MEMBERS, 1899. 

Honorary, 37; living, II. 

Corresponding, 1 26; " 82. 

Life, 735 " 66 - 

Resident, 336 ; " 220. 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



177 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 

* Denotes that member is deceased. 



D. 



HONORARY 

*Prof. Alexander D. Bache. 

♦Prof. James C. Booth. 

*Rt. Rev. Samuel Bowman, D 

Hon Charles R. Buckalew. 

♦Hon. Simon Cameron. 

*Chief Engineer John B. Carpenter, 

U. S. N. 
♦Hon. Charles S. Coxe. 
'Lyman C. Draper, LL. D. 
William H. Egle, M. D. 
Mrs. A. J. Griffith. 
Dr. Samuel A. Greene, M. H. S. 
♦Prof. Arnold Guyot. 
Rev. Samuel Hart, D. D. 
Charles J. Hoadly, LL. D. 
♦Charles Ingham. 
*Hon. William Jessup. 
Rev. Henry H. Jessup, D. D. 
♦John Jordan, Jr. 
♦Hon. Joel Jones. 



*Prof. Isaac Lea, LL. D. 

*Prof. Joseph Leidy, M. D. 

♦Prof. Leo Lesquereux. 

Rt. Rev. J. M. Levering, D. D. 

*Hon. John Blair Linn. 

♦Rev. Rueben Lowrie. 

♦Hon. Garrick Mallery. 

♦Lieut. M. F. Maury, U. S. N. 

*Hon. Stewart Pearce. 

*Hon. Octavius Pickering. 

*Rt. Rev. Nathan Sommerville Rulison, 

D. D. 
Prof. G. C. Swallow, LL. D. 
Charles J. Stille, LL. D. 
♦William S. Vaux. 
♦Hon. C. L. Ward. 
Ethelbert Warfield, LL. D. 
♦Hon. George W. Woodward. 
♦J. J. Wright, M. D. 



Hon. F. G. Adams. 

♦Charles A. Ashburner. 

♦Eugene B. Ayers. 

♦Theron Barnum. 

E. M. Barton. 

♦Rear Admiral J. C. Beaumont, U. S. N 

T. V. Braidwood. 

Capt. Henry Hobart Bellas, U. S. A. 

D. L. Belden. 

D. G. Brinton, M. D. 

Maynard Bixby. 

R. A. Brock, F. R. H. S. 

Philip Alexander Bruce. 

George Butler. 

Pierce Butler. 



CORRESPONDING. 

Stephen Callender. 

Gen. John S. Clark. 

Capt. John M. Buckalew. 

Rev. Sanford H. Cobb. 

D. M. Collins. 

O. W. Collet. 

♦Chester A. Colt. 

Henry Colt. 

♦Prof. Henry Coppee, LL. D. 

♦Martin Coryell. 

♦Brinton Coxe. 

Samuel L. Cutter. 

John H. Dager. 

Gen. W. C. Darling. 

♦William F. Darlington, M. D. 



i;8 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



CORRESPONDING— continued. 



Gen. Wm. Watts H. Davis. 
♦Thomas Dickson. 
Rev. S. B. Dod. 
Rev. Silas H. Durand. 
Elnathan F. Duren. 
♦Daniel S. Durrie. 
George M. Elwood. 
♦J. Gillingham Fell. 
Prof. William Frear, Ph. D. 
Hon. John G. Freeze. 
George W. Fish. 
*William Frothingham. 
Frank Butler Gay. 
*Jay Gould. 
Granville Henry. 
♦Jacob K. Griffith. 
William Griffith. 
*George Butler Griffin. 
P. C. Gritman. 
*Prof. Samuel Gross, M. D. 
Francis W. Halsey. 
*James Hamilton. 
Stephen Harding. 
*John Hartland. 
David Chase Harrington. 
A. L. Hartwell. 
Christopher E. Hawley. 
*S. F. Headley. 
Edward Herrick, Jr. 
*Rev. A. A. Hodge, D. D. 
Walter F. Hoffman, M. D. 
*James Holgate. 
*H. Hollister, M. D. 
♦Hon. H. M. Hoyt. 
Ray Greene Huling. 
Hon. W. H. Jessup. 
*Edward Jones. 
♦Hon. M. H. Jones. 
John Johnson, LL. D. 
John W. Jordan. 
Rev. C. H. Kidder. 
Rev. C. R. Lane. 
Prof. Harvey B. Lane. 
*Hon. John W. Leisenring. 
S. T. Lippencott. 
Dr. J. R. Loomis. 
*Col. Garrick Mallery. 
Prof. Otis T. Mason. 



Hon. John Maxwell. 

*Rev. George D. Miles. 

Mrs. Helen (Reynolds) Miller. 

Edward Miller. 

Madison Mills, M. D., U. S. A. 

J. M. McMinn. 

Millard P. Murray. 

♦P. M. Osterhout. 

Rev. John J. Pearce. 

Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker. 

Henry W. Pickering. 

John Peters. 

*Henry Phillips, Ph. D. 

John F. Meginness. 

James H. Phinney. 

*William M. Piatt. 

*Col. V. E. Piollet. 

John M. Poor. 

Bruce Price. 

Hon. Lewis Pughe. 

William Poillon. 

Col. J. S. Price. 

S. R. Reading. 

♦Prof. John Richards. 

*J. L. Richardson. 

J. C. Rhodes. 

♦Houghton B. Robinson. 

J. T. Rothrock, M. D. 

H. N. Rust, M. D. 

William M. Samson. 

Lieut. H. M. M. Richards. 

Mrs. Gertrude Griffith Sanderson. 

*James S. Slocum. 

♦Frederick D. Stone. 

Prof. B. F. Shumart. 

W. H. Starr. 

Col. William L. Stone. 

John H. Sutphin. 

Thomas Sweet, M. D. 

S. L. Thurlow. 

♦Ira Tripp. 

Maj. Harry P. Ward. 

*Col. George E. Waring, U. S. A. 

♦Jacob Waelder. 

♦J. B. Wakeman. 

Abram Waltham. 

*H. C. Wilson. 

♦Dilton Yarrington. 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



179 



Thomas Henry Atherton. 

George Reynolds Bedford. 

Mrs. Priscilla (Lee) Bennett. 

Samuel LeRoi Brown. 

William Lord Conyngham. 

*Hon. Eckley Brinley Coxe. 

*Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana. 

♦Edward Payson Darling. 

Mrs. Alice (McClintock) Darling. 

Andrew Fine Derr. 

♦Henry H. Derr. 

Mrs. Kate ( Pettebone) Dickson. 

Hon. Charles Denison Foster. 

Mrs. Sarah H. (Wright) Guthrie. 

Henry Harrison Harvey. 

Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

*H. Baker Hillman. 

Miss Amelia B. Hollenback. 
John Welles Hollenback. 
Andrew Hunlock. 
♦Charles Farmer Ingham, M. D. 
Edwin Horn Jones. 
Ralph Dupuy Lacoe. 
Edward Sterling Loop. 
Charles Noyes Loveland. 
♦William Loveland. 
♦William Ross Maffet. 
Andrew Hamilton McClintock. 
♦Mrs. Augusta (Cist) McClintock. 
Hon. Charles Abbott Miner. 
Charles Howard Miner, M. D. 
Sidney Roby Miner. 
Lawrence Myers. 
Abram Goodwin Nesbitt. 
Mrs. Esther (Shoemaker) Norris. 
Rev. Nathan Grier Parke, D. D. 
♦Charles Parrish. 



LIFE MEMBERS. 
By payment of $100. 

Mrs. Mary (Conyngham) Parrish. 
Mrs. Ella (Reets) Parrish. 

Calvin Parsons. 

Maj. Oliver Alphonsa Parsons. 

Francis A. Phelps. 

♦John Case Phelps. 

♦John Reichard, Jr. 

Dorrance Reynolds. 

Schuyler Lee Reynolds. 

♦Sheldon Reynolds. 

Ferdinand Vandevere Rockafellow. 

William Penn Ryman. 

Miss Elizabeth Montgomery Sbarpe. 

Miss Mary A. Sharpe. 

♦Richard Sharpe, Sr. 

Richard Sharpe, Jr. 

Mrs. Sally (Patterson) Sharpe. 

Miss Sallie Sharpe. 

Charles J. Shoemaker. 

Miss Esther Shoemaker Stearns. 

Miss Jane A. Shoemaker. 

♦Hon. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker. 

Levi Ives Shoemaker, M. D. 

♦John Henry Swoyer. 

Lewis Harlow Taylor, M. D. 

Miss Sallie B. Thomas. 

John A. Turner. 

Raymond Lynde Wadhams. 

Edward Welles, Sr. 

Edward Welles, Jr. 

George Woodward, M. D. 

♦Mrs. Emily L. (Cist) Wright. 

Harrison Wright, 3d. 

George Riddle Wright. 

Hon. Jacob Ridgway Wright. 

Mrs. Margaret M. (Myers) Veager. 



Total Life members, 



Subscription to Life Membership' due December 31', 18^9,' '. '. '. '. \ \ \ \ \\ 

g. 

The Life Membership fee of one hundred dollars is always invested the interest onlv 
™JnF n U f SCd . f anm ' a ' U -Ti S ° f the Societ >-- The life ^emberTs reHevec I from the pa£ 
^ establiTia u ™,?nV Ued C ° *Wtf e * e> of the Socie <>'. «d by the parent ofhis 
SeTesffor 1 hel^n fi ^the'sode^' ° f h ' S Mme Whkh never "P ires > bu < 2«jr. bears 



i8o 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



♦Frederick Ahlborn. 

Miss Carrie M. Alexander. 

♦Miss Emily Isabella Alexander. 

Charles Henry Alexander. 

♦William Hibbard Alexander. 

William Murray Alexander. 

Felix Ansart. 

*James Archibald. 

♦Horace Armstrong. 

Herbert Henry Ashley. 

♦Thomas Ferrier Atherton. 

Thomas Henry Atherton. 

Mrs. Mary S. (Butler) Ayres. 

♦Ephraim Nelson Banks, M. D. 

*B. A. Barnes. 

Robert Baur. 

Gustav Adolph Baur. 

Col. Eugene Beauharnais Beaumont, 

U. S. A. 
* Charles Bennet. 
♦Major Daniel Strebeigh Bennet. 
George Slocum Bennett. 
♦John Bennet. 
Miss Martha P. Bennet. 
Stephen B. Bennett. 
♦Hon. Ziba Bennett. 
Charles Welles Bixby. 
*Joseph K. Bogcrt. 
James H. Bowden. 
♦Joel Bowkley. 
♦Col. Alexander Hamilton Bowman, 

U. S. A. 
Mrs. Isabella W. (Tallman) Bowman. 
♦William Brisbane, M. D. 
John Cloyes Bridgman. 
Robert Packer Brodhead. 
♦Thomas Brodrick. 
Mrs. Frances (Bulkeley) Brundage. 
Elmer Ellsworth Buckman. 
Ernest Ustick Buckman, M. D. 
J. Arthur Bullard, M. D. 
♦George Hollenback Butler. 



♦Horatio Seymour Butler. 

♦John Lord Butler. 

Miss Julia Gloninger Butler. 

♦Lord Butler. 

Pierce Butler. 

Edmund Nelson Carpenter. 

Walter Samuel Carpenter. 

Edward Henry Chase. 

Phineas M. Carhart. 

Sterling Ross Catlin. 

Rollin Chamberlin. 

Frederick M. Chase. 

♦James Clarkson. 

♦Edward Chahoon. 

♦Eleazer Blackman Collings. 

♦Col. Charles Miner Conyngham. 

♦Col. John Butler Conyngham. 

Herbert Conyngham. 

John Nesbit Conyngham. 

Mrs. Bertha (Wright) Conyngham. 

Mrs. Mae (Turner) Conyngham. 

Edward Constine. 

♦Captain Gilman Converse. 

Joseph David Coons. 

Frederick Corss, M. D. 

Johnson R. Coolbaugh. 

James Martin Coughlin. 

Alexander B. Coxe. 

John M. Crane. 

* Sylvester Dana. 

Thomas Darling. 

♦John Vaughn Darling. 

Hon. Alfred Darte. 

Hon. Stanley W. Davenport. 

Harry Cassell Davis, Ph. D. 

Mrs. Louise (Kidder) Davis. 

♦Charles B. Drake. 

Arthur D. Dean. 

♦James Plater Dennis. 

♦William Fielding Dennis, M. D. 

♦Hon. Charles Denison. 

♦Col. Hiram Denison. 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



ISI 



RESIDENT MEMBERS— continued. 



Mrs. Harriet (Lowrie) Derr. 

♦Thompson Dcrr. 

Benjamin Dorrance. 

James Ford Dorrance. 

*Col. Charles Dorrance. 

*Rev. John Dorrance, D. D. 

Col. Charles Bowman Dougherty. 

*Col. Anthony H. Emley. 

Mrs. Ella (Bicking) Emory. 

William Glassell Eno. 

Barnet Miller Espy. 

Mrs. Augusta (Dorrance) Farnham. 

Alexander Fanaham. 

George H. Flanagan. 

Alexander Gray Fell, M. D. 

Daniel Ackley Fell, Jr. 

George Steele Ferris. 

*Reuben J. Flick. 

*Hon. Herman C. Fry. 

Mrs. Mary Jane (Hoagland) Foster. 

Henry Amzi Fuller. 

Mrs. Minnie (Strauss) Galland. 

*James E. Gay. 

*Hon. Henderson Gaylord. 

* Alexander Gray. 

Thomas Graeme. 

Maris Gibson, M. D. 

*E. S. Goodrich. 

Mrs. Annette (Jenkins) Gorman. 

Byron G. Hahn. 

Harry Hakes, M. D. 

Hon. Gaius Leonard Halsey. 

Mrs. Mary (Richardson) Hand. 

Hon. Garrick Mallery Harding. 

Maj. John Slosson Harding. 

*Francis M. Harkness. 

Charles D. S. Harrower. 

*Col. Elisha Boanerges Harvey. 

Mrs. Jennie (DeWitt) Harvey. 

Laning Harvey. 

Miss Mary Harvey. 

J. H. W. Hawkins. 



William Frederick Hessell. 

*William Henry Grier Hibler. 

*James H. Hildrelh. 

Miss Josephine Hillard. 

Lord Butler Hillard. 

*01iver Burr Hillard. 

Tuthill Reynolds Hillard. 

*Mrs. Ruth Ross (Butler) Hillard. 

Mrs. Josephine (Wright) Hillman. 

John Justin Hines. 

Rev. Francis Blanchard Hodge, D. D. 

S. Alexander Hodge. 

* George Matthias Hollenback. 

F. Lee Hollister. 

Miss Elizabeth Waller Horton. 

Missouri B. Houpt. 

John T. Howell, M. D. 

*John Howarth. 

*Nathan G. Howe. 

Abram Goodwin Hoyt. 

Edward Everett Hoyt. 

Miss Anna Mercer Hunt. 

Charles Parrish Hunt. 

*Rev. Thomas P. Hunt. 

Miss Lucy Brown Ingham. 

William Vernet Ingham. 

Miss Hannah Packard James. 

Frederick Crisman Johnson, M. D. 

*George Johnson. 

George D. Johnson. 

Mrs. Grace (Derr) Johnson. 

Edwin Horn Jones. 

*Willard Jones. 

Rev. Henry Lawrence Jones, S. T. D. 

Mrs. Marie (Lape) Jordan. 

Hon. Winthop Welles Ketcham. 

Albert H. Kipp. 

Frederick M. Kirby. 

Ira M. Kirkendall. 

George Brubaker Kulp. 

*Fred Landmesser. 

*Charles A. Lane. 



182 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS— continued. 



♦Augustus C. Laning. 

John Laning. 

William Arthur Lathrop. 

Elmer H. Lawall. 

George W. Leach, Sr. 

Woodward Leavenworth. 

Charles W. Lee. 

♦Washington Lee, Jr. 

♦Arnold Colt Lewis. 

George Chahoon Lewis. 

Otis Lincoln. 

Charles Jonas Long. 

Mrs. Dora (Rosenbaum) Long. 

♦Isaac Long. 

William Righter Longshore, M. D. 

George Loveland. 

♦Lorin M. Luke. 

Hon. John Lynch. 

Mrs. Katherine (Searle) McCartney. 

♦Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D. 

♦Miss Jean Hamill McClintock. 

William Swan McLean. 

♦Volney Lee Maxwell. 

♦Edward Rodman Mayer, M. D. 

♦Fred Mercur. 

♦William H. Merritt. 

♦William M. Miller. 

Col. Asher Miner. 

♦Ebenezer Bowman Miner, M. D. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Ross) Miner. 

♦Joshua L. Miner, M. D. 

♦Thomas W. Miner, M. D. 

♦William Penn Miner. 

♦David Mordecai. 

Benjamin Franklin Morgan. 

Charles Morgan. 

Edward Stroud Morgan. 

Jesse Taylor Morgan. 

♦Capt. Aldson Morse. 

♦Robert Morton. 

♦A. H. Mulford. 

Eugene Worth Mulligan. 

♦Joseph A. Murphy, M. D. 



Charles Francis Murray. 

Abram Nesbitt. 

♦George Byron Nicholson. 

Mrs. Anna (Miner) Oliver. 

♦Thomas Oldershaw. 

♦Hon. Isaac Smith Osterhout. 

Miss Frances J. Overton. 

Col. Jedediah C. Paine. 

♦Lewis Compton Paine. 

Miss Priscilla Lee Paine. 

Samuel Maxwell Parke. 

Justin E. Parrish. 

♦Hezekiah Parsons. 

♦Sanford E. Parsons. 

Mrs. Sarah C. Parsons. 

Joseph W. Patten. 

Joseph Emmett Patterson. 

♦Hon. Hubbard Bester Payne. 

Mrs. Martha (Bennett) Phelps. 

Miss Anna Bennett Phelps. 

♦Rev. Ceorge Peck, D. D. 

♦Hon. Henry Pettebone. 

♦Payne Pettebone. 

Mrs. Mary Frances (Sively) Pfouts. 

♦Col. J. S. Price. 

♦Capt. Charles C. Plotz. 

Frank Puckey. 

John W. Raeder. 

William Lafayette Raeder. 

♦William S. Reddin. 

Col. George Nicholas Reichard. 

Abram H. Reynolds. 

Benjamin Reynolds. 

♦Hon. William Champion Reynolds. 

Hon. Charles Edmund Rice. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Reynolds) Ricketts. 

Col. Robert Bruce Ricketts. 

William Reynolds Ricketts. 

Eugene A. Rhoads. 

Mrs. Anna B. (Dorrance) Reynolds. 

Col. George Murray Reynolds. 

John Butler Reynolds. 

Pierce Butler Reynolds. 



ROLL OF MEMBERSHIP. 



183 



RE8IDENT MEMBERS— continued. 



Mrs. Stella (Dorrance) Reynolds. 

Hon. Jacob Roberts, Jr. 

Robert Patterson Robinson. 

Miss Elizabeth H. Rockwell. 

Arthello Ross Root. 

♦Mrs. Ruth (Tripp) Ross. 

♦Gen. William Sterling Ross. 

William F. Roth, M. D. 

*C. M. Rouse. 

Leslie S. Ryman. 

Miss Ruth E. Ryman. 

Theodore F. Ryman. 

John Trittc Luther Sahm. 

John Edward Sayre. 

Christian H. Scharer. 

*Hon. George W. Scranton. 

Charles William Spayd, M. D. 

Rev. Levi L. Sprague, D. D. 

Capt. Cyrus Straw. 

Seligman J. Strauss. 

Maj. Irving Ariel Stearns. 

Mrs. Clorinda (Shoemaker) Stearns. 

*Capt. Lazarus Denison Stearns, U. S. V. 

Addison A. Sterling. 

Walter S. Stewart, M. D. 

Harry Clayton Shepherd. 

William Carver Shepherd. 

Mrs. Lydia (Atherton) Stites. 

Archie Carver Shoemaker, M. D. 

♦Hon. Charles Denison Shoemaker. 

Robert Charles Shoemaker. 

William Mercer Shoemaker. 

*Cyrenus M. Smith. 

*George Thomas Smith. 

♦John Smith, M. D. 

Wilson J. Smith. , 

Hon. William J. Scott. 

Hon. George Washington Shonk. 

♦Jonathan J. Slocum. 

William Stoddart. 

Dr. Louise M. Stoeckel. 

Theodore Strong. 

*Simon Cameron Struthers. 



♦Charles Huston Sturdevant. 

♦Gen. Edward Warren Sturdevant. 

Edward Warren Sturdevant. 

Miss Ella Urquhart Sturdevant. 

♦Maj. John Sturdevant. 

♦Col. Samuel H. Sturdevant. 

Thomas K. Sturdevant. 

William Henry Sturdevant. 

William H. Taylor. 

William John Trembath. 

James A. Timpson. 

Mrs. Ellen Elizabeth (Miner) Thomas. 

♦Jesse Thomas. 

Percy R. Thomas. 

♦William Tompkins. 

Miss C. Rosa Troxell. 

♦Frank Turner. 

John A. Turner. 

♦Hon. Samuel G. Turner. 

Alexander H. Van Horn. 

♦A. S. VanWickle. 

Burton Voorhis. 

♦Calvin Wadhams. 

Mrs. Esther Taylor Wadhams. 

♦Moses Wadhams. 

Moses Waller Wadhams. 

Ralph H. Wadhams. 

♦Samuel Wadhams. 

Frank W. Wheaton. 

Rev. Henry Hunter Welles, D. D. 

Henry Hunter Welles, Jr. 

Theodore L. Welles. 

Mrs. Stella H. Welles. 

Joshua Lewis Welter. 

William D. White. 

♦Hon. Hendrick B. White. 

John Butler Woodward. 

Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

John Gore Wood. 

Wesley Ellsworth Woodruff. 

♦John Wroth. 

E. B. Yordy. 

Dr. H. Newton Young. 



PORTRAITS PRESENTED TO THE SOCIE TY. 



Miss Emily Isabella Alexander, by Miss C. M. Alexander. Member. 

Hon. John Nesbitt Conyngbain, L.L. D., by Mrs. Charles Parrish. Vice Presi- 
dent, 1866, 1867. 

Col. John Butler Conyngham, by Mrs. Charles Parrish. A founder of the Society ; 
Treasurer, 1858-1861. 

Hon. Eckley B. Coxe, by Alexander B. Coxe, Esq. Vice President, 1890-1S95. 

Benjamin Gardiner Carpenter, by Spring Brook Water Co. 

Col. Charles Dorrance, by Miss Ann Dorrance. Vice President, 1866, 1867, iSSx. 

George Matthias Hollenback, by Mr. Edward Welles. Vice President, i86o-'6l. 

Hon. Henry Martyn Hoyt, by his family. Corresponding member. 

Francis William Hunt, by Mr. Charles P. Hunt. 

Charles F. Ingham, M. D., by his family. President, 1S62, 1863, 1882, 1883. 

John Michael Kienzle, the old Sexton and High Constable. 

Augustus C. Laning, by Mrs. G. C. Smith. Vice President, 186S. Member. 

Edward Rodman Mayer, M. D., by Mrs. E. R. Mayer. Vice President, 1861, 
1879-1S81. 

Charles Morgan, by the family. Member. 

Isaac S. Osterhout, by Spring Brook Water Co. Benefactor and Member. 

Charles Parrish, by Mr. Charles P. Hunt. Life member. 

Lewis Compton Paine, by Miss P. L. Paine. Vice President, 1S82, 1SS3. 

Payne Pettebone, by Mrs. Payne Pettebone. President, 1875. 

Gen. William Sterling Ross, by Hon. Charles A. Miner. Benefactor and President. 

Sheldon Reynolds, by Mrs. S. Reynolds. President, 1894. 

Hon. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, by Dr. L. I. Shoemaker. Vice President, 
1890-1893. 

Richard Sharpe, Sr., by the family. Life member. 

Col. Samuel Henry Sturdevant, by Miss Ella U. Sturdevant. Member. 

Harrison Wright, M. A., Ph. D., by the family. Recording Secretary, 1S72-1SS5. 

Hon. Stanley Woodward, by Mrs. S. Woodward. Founder, and President, 1S95- 
1899. 

Hon. George Washington Woodward, by Judge S. Woodward. 

Calvin Wadhams, by Andrew Hunlock, Esq. President, 1S73. 

Hon. Hendrick Bradley Wright, by Spring Book Water Co. President, 1870-1872. 



jrv- 



PAPERS READ 

BEFORE THE 

WyomIng Historical and Geological Society 



June 7. 

Feb. 11. 
Mch. 3. 
Mch. 7. 



July 6. 
Aug. 3. 



May 2 

June 6 

J^y 5 

Sept. 5 

Sept. 5 

Oct. 3 
Oct. 

Nov. 7 

Dec. 5 



April 3. 

May 1. 

J^y 3- 

July 3- 

May 7. 



1858. 
"The Cadent, Vergent, Uinbral and Vespertine Series of Professor 
Rogers' Pennsylvania State Survey ;" by Dr. Charles F. Ingham. 

i860. 

"First Impressions of England and Scotland;" by General William 
S. Ross. 

1862. 
"The Red Pipe Stone Quarries;" by Dr. Charles F. Ingham. 

1864. 
"The Tides in the Bay of Funday, with an account of a visit to Cape 
Breton and the Albert Coal Mine;" by Martin Coryell. 

1868. 
"Inaugural Address;" by President Martin Coryell. 
*"A Biographical Sketch of the late General William Sterling Ross ;" 
by Hon. Hendrick B. Wright. 

1873- 

"A Geological Tour from New York City to Wilkes-Barre ;" by 

Martin Coryell. 
"Cinnabar ;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 
"Early Printing;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 
"Heliography ;" by Eugene C. Frank. 
"The Natural Tunnel in Virginia;" by Martin Coryell. 
"Graphite in Luzerne County, Penn'a ;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 
"Concretionary Form of Structure in the Coal Slate at Plymouth, 

Penn'a;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 
"Tobacco ;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 
"Cuba;" by Martin Coryell. 

1874. 
"Silica ;" by Dr. Charles F. Ingham. 
"Discovery of the Corundum Mines of North Carolina;" by Dr. 

Charles F. Ingham. 
"The Hermit's Den in Luzerne County;" by Frederick C.Johnson. 
"The Pyramids of Cholulu, Mexico;" by Gen. E. L. Dana. 

1S80. 
"Clay ripcs marked 'R. TV found in Indian Graves in New York 
and Pennsylvania;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 



1 86 PAPERS READ BEFORE THE SOCIETY. 

iSSl. 

Feb. 10. *"A Yankee Celebration at Wyoming in ye Olden Times ;" by Steu- 
ben Jenkins, Esq. 

Mch. 4. "A Geological Survey of the Loyal Sock and North Mountain region, 
Luzerne County;" by Col. R. Bruce Ricketts. 

June 3. *"Early Shad Fisheries in the North Branch of the Susquehanna 
River;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

Oct 7. *"Scranton Peat Bog;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

1882. 

Jan. 6. "Samuel Harris and the Wyoming Committee of 1774;" by Rev. 
Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Jan. 6. *"Incidents in the Life of Captain Samuel H. Walker, Texan Ranger, 
killed at the Battle of Huarnantla, Mexico, whose sword is in 
the possession of this Society;" by Gen. Edmund L. Dana, 
late Captain First Pennsylvania Volunteers, Mexican War. 

July 7. *"Memoir of Isaac S. Osterhout;" by Gen. Edmund L. Dana. 

July 7. *"Memoir of Mrs. Ruth Tripp Ross ;" by Frederick C. Johnson. 

Dec. I. *"A Memorandum Description of the Finer Specimens of Indian 
Earthenware Pots, in the collection of this Society;" by Harri- 
son Wright, Ph. D. 

1883. 

April 6. *"List of Paleozoic Fossil Insects of the United States and Canada, 
alphabetically arranged, giving names of authors, geological age, 
locality of occurrence, and place of preservation, with reference 
to the principal bibliography of the subject ;" by Ralph D. Lacoe. 

April 6. ^"Translation of an Essay delivered by M. L. Delisle, February 22, 
18S3, before the Academy of Instruction, on the oldest manu- 
script of the Libri Collection in the library at the Ashbumham 
Place;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

May 4. *"Report of the Special Archaeological Committee on the Athens 
Locality;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

Sept. 14. *"Memoir of Calvin Wadhams, Esq., late a President of the Society;" 
by George B. Kulp. 

Sept. 14. *"Local Shell Beds ;" by Sheldon Reynolds, A. M. 

Dec. 14. *"The Old Pittston Fort;" by Steuben Jenkins, Esq. 

Dec. 14. *"A Bibliography of Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, being a cata- 
logue of all books, pamphlets and other ephemera in any way 
related to its history, with bibliographical and critical notes ;" 
by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Dec. 14. ^''Circular of Inquiry from the Society respecting the Old Wilkes- 
Barre Academy ;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

Dec. 14. *"The Old Academy, interesting Sketches of its Forty -six Trustees ;" 
by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 

1884. 

Feb. 11. "The Greek in Scientific Nomenclature;" by H. C. Davis, A. M. 

Feb. 11. *"Translation of the Report of the Ashbumham Manuscripts made 
by M. Delisle, Administrator General of the Public Instruction, 
National Library, of France;" by Harrison Wright, Ph. D. 



PAPERS READ BEFORE THE SOCIETY. I 87 

Sept. 12. *"Thc Rev. Bernard Page, A. M., the First Episcopal Minister of 
Wyoming, A. D. 1771 ;" by Sheldon Reynolds. 

Sept. 12. *"An Account of Various Silver and Copper Medals presented to the 
North American Indians by the sovereigns of England, France 
and Spain, from 1600 to 1800, and especially of five such 
Medals of George I. of Great Britain, now in possession of this 
Society and its members;" by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Dec. 12. *"A Biographical Sketch of Hon. Stewart Pearce, deceased, late an 
Honorary Member of this Society;" by George B. Kulp, Esq. 

Dec. 12. *"Report on some Fossils from the Lower Coal Measures near 
Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne county, Pa. ;" by Prof. E. W. Claypole. 

1885. 

May 8. *"A Genealogical and Biographical Essay on the Life and Character 
of the late Harrison Wright, Ph. D. ;" by George B. Kulp. 

May S. *"Brief Review of the Literary Work of Harrison Wright, Ph. D. ;" 
by Sheldon Reynolds, A. M. 

May 8. *Foem : "Dr. Harrison Wright;" by D. M. Jones. 

Sept. 11. "The Early Settlement of a Portion of Wilkes-Barre Township;" 
by Calvin Parsons. 

Dec. II. "Biographical Sketch of the Chevalier de Luzerne;" by Andrew H. 
McClintock. 

Dec. 11. "The Early Settlement of Dallas Township, Part 1 ;" by W. P. 
Ryman. 

1886. 

Feb. II. "The Early Settlement of Dallas Township, Part 2;" by W. P. 
Ryman. 

Feb. 11. ^"Biographical Sketches of Deceased Members;" by George B. 
Kulp. 

May 14. *"Report on the Wyoming Valley Carboniferous Limestone Beds;" 

by Charles A. Ashburner. 
May 14. "The Old Sullivan Road from Port Penn, at Stroudsburg, to 

Wilkes-Barre;" by Hon. E. L. Dana. 
Sept. IO. "The Supposed Meteorite of Ross Township, Luzerne County, Pa.;" 

by Dr. Charles F. Ingham. 
Sept. 25. "The Birth of Luzerne County, Pa. ;" by Dr. H. H. Hollister. 

Sept. 25. ''The Government of Wyoming Prior to the Erection of Luzerne 
County;" by Steuben Jenkins. 

Sept. 25. "The Chevalier de Luzerne;" by Hon. E. L. Dana. 

Sept. 25. "The House of Lancaster to the Rescue ; or, the Paxtang Rangers at 
Wyoming;" by William H. Egle, M. D. 

Sept. 25. "Poem :" by D. M. Jones. 

Sept. 25. "Historical Sketch of Abingdon Township, Luzerne County ;" by 
Rev. S. S. Kennedy. 

Sept. 25. "Historical Sketch of Putnam Township, Luzerne County;" by 
P. M. Osterhout. 



1 88 PAPERS READ BEFORE THE SOCIETY. 

Sept. 25. "The Proposed Exodus of Wyoming Settlers in 1783;" by F. C. 

Johnson. 
Sept. 25. "Progress of Printing in Luzerne County;" by William P. Miner. 

Dec. 10. "Brief Sketch of Events in the Southwest Part of Luzerne County 
for the Last One Hundred Years;" by Mrs. M. L. Hartman. 

1887. 
Feb. 11. "The Recollections of the Dwellings of Wilkes-Barre and their 
Occupants in the Year 1819;" by James P. Dennis. 

Feb. II. "Albertite;" by Dr. Charles F. Ingham. 

Dec. 9. *"A Sketch of the Early History of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Wilkes-Barre;" by Sheldon Reynolds. 

1888. 
May. II. "Pioneer Physicians of Wyoming Valley;" by Dr. F. C. Johnson. 

1889. 
Sept. 13. *"01iver Pollock and George Rogers Clark's Conquest of the Illinois 
Country;" by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Sept. 13. *"Biographical Sketch of Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, President of 
the Society;" by Sheldon Reynolds. 

1890. 

June 27. *"Coal, Its Antiquity, Discovery and Early Development in the 
Wyoming Valley;" by George B. Kulp. 

Dec. 19. *"Notes on the Tornado of August 19, 1890, in Luzerne and Co- 
lumbia Counties, Pa. ;" by Prof. Thomas Santee. 

1891. 
May 22. "The Pennsylvania Associators in the Revolutionary War;" by 
William H. Egle, M. D. 

1892. 
Feb. 11. "Coal in the Wyoming Valley;" by William P. Miner. 

May 13. "The Geographical, Cosmographical and Geodetic Problems and 
Theories upon which the Great Maritime Experiment of Co- 
lumbus was Based;" by Harry Hakes, M. D. 

1893. 

Nov. 20. *" Address of Hon. Stanley Woodward, before the Historical Society, 

at the opening of its new rooms." 

1894. 

Feb. 10. "Memoir of the late Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., President 

of this Society ;" by Sheldon Reynolds. 
Dec. 21. *"The Frontier Forts Within the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania;" 
by Sheldon Reynolds. 

1895. 
Oct. 4. *"The Frontier Forts Within the North and West Branches of the 
Susquehanna River, Pennsylvania;" by Captain John M. 
Buckalew. 
Nov. 8. "A Moravian Vesper and a Visit to Nazareth, Pa.;" by Dr. F. C- 
Johnson. 



PAPERS READ BEFORE THE SOCIETY. 1 89 

1896. 
Jan. 10. *"PedigTee Building;" by William H. Egle, M. D. 

Feb. II. *"The Yankee and the Pennamite in the Wyoming Valley ;" by 
Hon. Stanley Woodward. 

Apr. Io. •"Military Hospitals at Bethlehem and Lititz, Pennsylvania, during 
the Revolutionary War;" by John Woolf Jordan." 

June 16. "The Orinoco and the El Dorado;" by J. B. Austin. 

Oct. 9. *"The Old Ship of Zion Bell ;" by Rev. Nathan Grier Parke, D. D. 

Nov. 13. "The Mound Drifts of the Susquehanna Valley;" by Frederic 
Corss, M. D. 

Dec. II. *"The Palatines, or the German Emigration to New York and Penn- 
sylvania;" by Rev. Sanford H. Cobb. 

Dec. 13. *"The Massacre of Wyoming. The Acts of Congress for the De- 
fence of Wyoming Valley, 1776-177S, with the Petitions of the 
Sufferers by the Massacre of July 3, 1778, for Congressional 
Aid ;" by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M. A. 
1897. 

Feb. 12. "Biographical Sketch of Rev. John Witherspoon, D. D., Signer of 
the Declaration of Independence;" by Mrs. Charles E. Rice. 

Apr. 19. "The Defences of the Delaware River During the Revolutionary 
War;" by Captain Henry Hobart Bellas, U. S. A. 

May 21. *"The German Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf;" by H. M. M. 

Richards. 
June 24, *"John and Sebastian Cabot. A 400th Anniversary Memorial of 

the Discovery of America;" by Harry Hakes, M. D. 

Oct. 8. *"Sketch of Captain Joseph Davis and Lieutenant William Jones of 
the Pennsylvania Line, who were Slain by the Indians at 
Laurel Run, Pa., April 23, 1779;" by Rev. Horace Edwin 
Hayden, M. A. 

Oct. 8. "Fossils in the River Drift at Pittston ;" by Frederic Corss, M. D. 

1897. 

Dec. 10. "Description of the Ice Flood of 1784;" by Rev. Jacob Johnson. 

Read by F. C. Johnson, M. D. 

1898. 

Jan. 14. "The French at Asylum, Penn'a, 1791 ;" by Rev. David Craft, D.D. 

Feb. II. "The Battle of King's Mountain, 17S1 ;" by President E. D. War- 
field, LL. D. 

Apr. 15. "The Laying Out and Naming of Wilkes-Barre ;" by Oscar J. 
Harvey. 

Oct. 21. "Sketches of Isaac Long and Capt. L. D. Stearns;" by Wesley E. 
Woodruff. 

Dec. 16. "The Old Mills of Wyoming Valley from 1772-1S9S;" by Hon. 

Charles A. Miner. 
Dec. 16. "Sketch of Col. S. H. Sturdevant;" by W. E. Woodruff. 

* indicates papers published by the Society. 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE LIBRARY AND CABINETS 
OF THE SOCIETY, FOR THE YEARS 

1897 AND 1898. 



Alabama State Geological Survey. 

Alexander, Miss Carrie M., Wilkes-Barre. 

American Numismatic and Archaeological Society, New York. 

American Geographical Society, New York. 

American Historical Association, Washington, D. C. 

American Museum Natural History, New York. 

American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. 

Amherst College, Amherst, N. H. 

Baur, Robert, Wilkes- BarTe. 

Beaumont, Col. Eugene B., Wilkes-Barre. 

Brundage, Miss Mae, Wilkes-Barre. 

Brooks, Rev. Peter H., Wilkes-Barre. 

Brymner, Dr. Douglass, Toronto, Canada. 

Buffalo Historical Society, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Capwell, W. H., Dallas, Pa. , 

Carpenter, Harry B., Wilkes-Barre. 

Chicago Academy of Science, Chicago, 111. 

Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, 111. 

Colorado Society of Colonial Wars, Denver, Col. 

Colonial Dames of America in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

Cochrane, Gen. John, New York. 

Columbia College, New York. 

Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Conn. 

Coxe, Alexander B., Drifton, Pa. 

Daniell, Burton H., Wilkes-Barre. 

Darling, Gen. Charles William, Utica, N. Y. 

Darte, George L., Wilkes-Barre. 

Daughters American Revolution National Society, Washington, D. C. 

Dauphin County Historical Society, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Delaware Historical Society, Wilmington. 

Dexter, Prof. F. B., Yale University. 

Dimmick, Mrs. Susan W., New York. 

Egle, Dr. William Henry, M. D., M. A., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. 

Espy, Bruce M., Wilkes-Barre. 



190 



CONTRIBUTORS. I9I 



Elkins, Hon. William L., Philadelphia. 

Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, 111. 

Griffith, William, West Pittston, Pa. 

Halsey, Hon. F. W., New York. 

Hastings, Hon. Hugh, Albany, N. Y. 

Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 

Harvey, H. Harrison, Wilkes-Barre. 

Hayden, Rev. Horace Edwin, Wilkes-Barre. 

Hollenback, John Welles, Wilkes-Barre. 

Hubbard, Oliver Payson, LL. D., New York. 

Hunterdon County (N. J.) Historical Society. 

Ingham, Miss Mary, Wilkes-Barre. 

Ingham, Miss Lucy Brown, Wilkes-Barre. 

Ingham, William Vernet, Wilkes-Barre. 

Iowa Geological Survey, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Iowa Historical Department, DesMoines, Iowa. 

Iowa State Historical Society, Iowa City. 

Iowa State University, Iowa. 

James, Dr. Thomas A., Ashley, Pa. 

James, Miss Hannah Packard, Wilkes-Barre. 

Johnson, Dr. Frederick Crisman, Wilkes-Barre. 

Jones, Edward Horn, Wilkes-BarTe. 

Jones, Rev. Henry Lawrence, S. T. D., Wilkes-Barre. 

Jordan, John W., Philadelphia. 

Kansas Historical Society, Topeka, Kaa. 

King, Col. Horatio C, New York. 

King, James, Johnstown, Pa. 

Kulp, George Brubaker, Wilkes-Barre. 

Lacoe, Ralph D., Pittston, Pa. 

Lackawanna Presbytery, Wilkes-Barre 

Lambing, Rev. A. A., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Lancaster Historical Society, Lancaster, Pa. 

Lundy's Lane Historical Society, Welland, Ont. 

LinskOl, Charles D., Wilkes-Barre. 

Maine Genealogical Society, Portland, Me. 

Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass. 

Manchester Geological Society, England. 

Mayer, Mrs. Edward Rodman, New York. 

McCartney, Mrs. Katharine Searle, Wilkes-Barre. 

McCauley, Maj. F. G., West Chester, Pa. 

McClintock, Andrew Hamilton, Wilkes-Barre. 

Michigan Pioneer Society, Lansing, Mich. 

Milwaukee Museum, Milwaukee, Wis. 



I92 CONTRIBUTORS. 

Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minn. 

Minnesota Geological Society, St. Paul, Minn. 

Minnisink Historical Society, Port Jervis, N. Y. 

Miner, Sidney Roby, Wilkes-Barre. 

Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Mo. 

Monroe, Will S., Stanford University, Col. 

Mercur, Mrs. Frederick, Wilkes-Barre. 

Nagle, Rev. Peter C, Wilkes-Barre. 

Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, Neb. 

New Brunswick Natural Society, New Brunswick. 

New England Historical-Genealogical Society, Boston, Mass. 

New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, N. H. 

New Jersey Historical Society, Trenton, N. J. 

New London County Historical Society, New London, Conn. 

New York Commission Statutory Revision, Albany, N. Y. 

New York Genealogical-Biographical Society, New York. 

New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Norris, Mrs. R. V., Wilkes-Barre. 

Nova Scotia Institute of Science, Halifax, N. S. 

Nichols, Hon. Francis M., Wilkes-Barre. 

Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. 

Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society, Columbus, O. 

Oliver, Gen. Paul Ambrose, Oliver's Mills, Pa. 

Oneida Historical Society, Utica, N. Y. 

Ontario Historical Society, Ontario, Canada. 

Osterhout Free Library, Wilkes-Barre. 

Parke, Rev. Nathan Grier, D. D., West Pittston, Pa. 

Paine, Miss Priscilla Lee, Wilkes-Barre. 

Pascoe, John, Wilkes-Barre. 

Passadena Academy Science, Passadena, Cal. 

Peck, Rev. J. K., Kingston, Pa. 

Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. 

Pennsylvania German Society, Lancaster, Pa. 

Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution, Philadelphia. 

Pennsylvania State College. 

Pennsylvania University, Philadelphia. 

Presbyterian Historical Society, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia Ledger Company, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia Library Company, Philadelphia. 

Poland, Miss Almira, Wilkes-Barre. 

Reynolds, Col. G. Murray, Wilkes-Barre. 

Roberts, Hon. Jacob A. Jr., Wilkes-Barre. 

Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence. 



CONTRIBUTORS. I93 

Richardson, I'rof. H. C, Dartmouth, N. H. 

Ropes, James Hardy, Cambridge, Mass. 

Royal Society, History and Antiquities, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Ryman, Wm. Penn, Wilkes-Barre. 

Sayres, E. S., Wilkes-Barre. 

Sharpe, Miss Elizabeth M., Wilkes-Barre. 

Sharpe, Miss Sallie, Wilkes-Barre. 

Scranton, Hon. Joseph H., Scranton, Pa. 

Scranton Public Library, Scranton, Pa. 

Scranton Republican, Scranton, Pa. 

Sellers, Edwin Jacquett, Philadelphia. 

Shoemaker, Dr. Levi Ives, Wilkes-Barre. 

Smith, E. S., Wilkes-Barre. 

Smith, Samuel R., Wilkes-Barre. 

Smyth, Hon. J. Adger, Charleston, S. C. 

St. Louis Mercantile Library, St. Louis, Mo. 

Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D. C. 

Stone, Frederick D., Philadelphia. 

Sturdevant, Miss Ellen Urquhart, Wilkes-Barre. 

Taylor, Dr. Lewis Harlow, Wilkes-Barre. 

Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. 

Thomas, Mrs. Ellen E., Wilkes-Baire. 

Tillinghast, C. B., Boston, Mass. 

Tioga Point Historical Society, Athens, Pa. 

Topsfield Historical Society, Topsfield, Mass. 

Toronto University, Toronto, Col. 

U. S. Archive Department, Washington. 

U. S. Bureau of Education, Washington. 

U. S. Bureau of American Republics, Washington. 

U. S. Bureau of Ethnology, Washington. 

U. S. Civil Service Commission, Washington. 

U. S. Fish Commission, Washington. 

U. S. Geological Survey, Washington. 

U. S. National Museum, Washington. 

U. S. Patent Office, Washington. 

U. S. State Department, Washington. 

U. S. Superintendent of Public Documents, Washington. 

U. S. Surgeon General, Washington. 

U. S. Treasury Department, Washington. 

Vineland History and Antiquities Society, Vineland, N. J. 

Warfield, President, Ethelbert, D., LL. D., Easton, Pa. 

Ward, S. C, Plymouth, Pa. 

Welles, Edward, Wilkes-Barre. 



194 CONTRIBUTORS. 

Welles, Henry Hunter, Jr., Wilkes-Barre. 
Western Reserve Historical Society, Columbus, O. 
Wilcox, William A., Scranton, Pa. 
Williams, Hon. Morgan B., Wilkes-Barre. 
Wilkes-Barre Law Library, Wilkes-Barre. 
Wilkes-Barre Evening Leader, Wilkes-Barre. 
Wilkes-Barre Record, Wilkes-Barre. 
Wilkes-Barre Times, Wilkes-Barre. 
Wright, Hon. H. B. Estate, Wilkes-Barre. 
Wright, Hon. Jacob Ridgway, Wilkes-Barre. 
Winthrop, Robert C, Jr., Boston, Mass. 
Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wis. 
Wolff, Clarence P., Wilkes-Barre. 
Wyoming Historical Society, Wyoming. 
Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn. 
Yordy, E. B., Wilkes-Barre. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



The Marriages and Deaths on pages 133-156 are alphabetically arranged 
and are not included in this Index. 



Adams, xxii, xxxii, 177. 

Agassiz, 96. 

Ahlborn, vii, 180. 

Alexander, xi, xii, xxiii, 17, 160, 162, 

180, 184. 
Allan, vii. 
Allen, 108. 
Andrews, 121. 
Ansart, xviii, 180. 
Archibald, I So. 
Arndt, viii. 
Arnold, 107. 
Ashburner, 177, 187. 
Ashley, vii, 1S0. 

Atherton, 113, 173, 179, 1S0, 183. 
Austin, xvii, xxxiv, 189. 
Avery, 4S. 
Ayers, vi, 177, 180. 

Bache, 177. 

Baker, 71. 

Bancroft, 126. 

Banks, 180. 

Earnes, 175, 180. 

Barnum, 177. 

Barrows, 63, 64. 

Barton, 177. 

Baur, 180, 190. 

Braid wood, 177. 

Brandow, xv. 

Beardsley, 160. 

Beaumont, x, 177, 180, 190. 

Beckwith, 48. 

Bedford, 21, 45, 179. 

Beecher, 114. 

Belden, 177. 



Bellas, xx, xxxix, 177, 189. 
Bennett, xii, xiii, 157, 174, 179, 181, 

182. 
Brearly, 107. 
Bibbins, 56. 
Bigsford, 53, 54. 
Bixby, xi, 177, 180. 
Bridgman, xi, 180. 
Brinton, 177. 
Bogert, 180. 
Bowden,iiSo. 
Bowkley, 180. 
Bowman, x, xviii, 177, 180. 
Brinton, 177. 
Brisbane, 180. 
Brock, 177. 
Brodhead, xi, xiv, 180. 
Brodrick, 180. 
Brooks, 190. 
Brown, v, vii, ix, xiv, xix, xxiii, 70, 172, 

176, 179. 
Buck, 106. 
Buckalew, xii, xiii, xxxi, xxxiv, 177, 

188. 
Buckman, xi, xviii, 180. 
Bulkeley, 180. 
Bull, 99. 
Bullard, 180. 
Burritt, 160. 
Butler, xi, xii, xxvii, 21, 50, 55, 57, 103, 

104, 117, 120, 121, 175, 177, 1S0. 
Bruce, xix, 177. 
Brundage, xii, xiv, 180, 190. 
Bryant, 96. 
Brymner, 190. 



J 9 J 



196 



INDEX. 



Cabot, xxi, xxii, xxxix, 95. 

Callender, 177. 

Cameron, 177. 

Campbell, xli. 

Capwell, 190. 

Carhart, xii, 180. 

Carpenter, xvi, xx, xxxv, 177, 180, 184, 

190. 
Carr, 106. 
Catlin, xvii, 180. 
Chadwick, 62. 
Chahoon, 180. 
Chamberlain, xvii, xix, 180. 
Chapman, viii, 118. 
Chase, xv,- xviii, 180. 
Clark, 177, 188. 
Clarkson, 1S0. 
Claypole, 1 87. 
Craft, xxiii, xl. 
Crane, vi, 180. 
Cist, 179. 

Cobb, xviii, xix, xxxiv, xl, 177, 189. 
Cochrane, 190. 
Collet, 177. 
Collins, 177, 180. 
Colt, 55, 177. 
Columbus, 92, 95. 
Connor, 62. 
Converse, 180. 
Coolbaugh, xxi, 180. 
Coons, v, 175, 180. 
Conover, xii. 
Constine, xiii, xvi, 180. 
Coughlin, xix, 180. 
Conyngham, viii, xvii, xix, xxx, 58, 89, 

120, 158, 173, 174, 175, 179, 180, 184. 
Coppee, 177. 
Cornwallis, 107. 
Corss, xi, xviii, xxii, xxxiv, xxxv, xxxix, 

xl, 37, 1S0, 189. 
Coryell, 173, 174, 175, 177, 185. 
Courtright, 173. 
Coxe, v, vii, ix, xvii, 31, 174, 177, 179, 

180, 184, 190. 
Cutler, 177. 



Dager, 177. 

Dana, xli, 106, 117, 173, 174, 176, 179, 

l8o, 185, 186, 187. 
Daniell, 190. 
Darling, v, x, xvi, 164, 165, 175, 177, 

179, 180, 190. 
Darlington, 177. 
Darte, xii, 180, 190. 
Davenport, 180. 

Davis, xii, xxi, 178, 1 80, 186, 1S9. 

Drake, 18. 

Draper, 177. 

Dean, 180. 

Deane, xxii, 66. 

Delisle, 186. 

Denison, 20, 104, 106, 180. 

Dennin, xii. 

Dennis, xxxi, 89, 173, 174, 175, 1S0, 

1 88. 
Derr, x, xviii, xix, xxiii, xxxv, 172, 175, 

179, 181. 
Dexter, 190. 
Dickson, xiv, 178, 179. 
Dietrick, vii, ix. 
Dod, 73, 74, 178. 
Dodge, x. 

Dorrance, xi, xix, xx, xxxv, 29, 42, 46, 
53, 56, 62, 65, 69-72, 106, 115, 173, 

180, 182-184. 
Dougherty, x, 181. 
Drown, xxii. 
Durand, 178. 
Duren, 178. 
Durkee, 106. 
Durrie, 178. 
Dyer, 66. 

Egle, xiv, xvii, xxxi, xxxiv, xli, 177, 

187-90. 
Elderkin, 66. 
Elkins, 191. 
El wood, 17S.. 
Emley, 1 Si. 
EmmersoH, 89. 



INDEX. 



197 



Emory, xiv, 181. 
Eno, 181. 
Espy, 181, 190. 
Esther, 107. 
Evans, 27. 

Fallstaff, 86. 

P'arnham, x, xii, xvi, 1S1. 

Fell, x, xi, 85, 87, S8, 178, 1S1. 

Fenner, xxvii. 

Ferris, xvi, 181. 

Fisk, 178. 

Fitch, 106. 

Flanagan, x, 1S1. 

Flick, 181. 

Foster, xvii, 36, 179, 1S1. 

Frank, 185. 

Franklin, 52. 

Frear, xxii, 178. 

Freeze, 178. 

Frothingham, 178. 

Fuller, vi, xi, 21, 28, 181. 

Fry, 181. 

Galland, xvii, 181. 

Galileo, 92. 

Gay, xii, 178, 181. 

Gaylord, 22, 24, 181. 

Gibbs, 119. 

Gra?me, 181. 

Gray, 58, 181. 

Greene, xii, 21, 129, 177. 

Gibson, xxii, xxvi, 181. 

Gilbert, 98. 

Gildersleeve, 64, 65. 

Goodrich, 181. 

Gore, 52, 53, 106. 

Griffin, vii, 107, 178. 

Griffith, xvi, xvii, xxxv, 177, 178, 

Gritman, 178. 

Gross, 1 78. 

Gorman, xii, 182. 

Gould, v, 178. 

Guthrie, xvii, xix, 179. 

Guyot, 177. 



191. 



Hahn, xviii, 181. 

Hakes, xxi, xxvii, xxxix, xl, 181, 188, 
189. 

Halsey, xii, xxii, 178, 181. 

Hamilton, 178. 

Hand, xviii. 37, 186. 

Harding, x, xii, 106, 178, 1S1. 

Harkness, 1 81. 

Harrington, 175. 

Harris, vi, 186. 

Harrower, xvii, 62, 181. 

Hart, xii, 177. 

Hartland, 178. 

Hartman, 188. 

Harvey, v, vii, ix, x, xv, xix, xxiii, 

xl, 17s, 181, 189, 191. 
Hastings, 191. 
Hawkins, xvii, 181. 
Hawley, 178. 
Hayden, v-xxxvi, 80, 172-179, 186- 

191. 

Headley, 178. 

Hedderly, 113. 

Heidenreich, 166. 

Henry, xvi, 178. 

Herrick, 178. 

Hessel, xiii, 1S1. 

Hibbard, 160, 1 61. 

Hibler, 181. 

Hildreth, v, 1 81. 

Hillsborough, 129. 

Hillman, x, xi, 162, 179, 181. 

Hillard, xii, xix, xx, xxii, 1S1. 

Hines, xi, xxvii, 181. 

Hoadley, 177. 

Hoagland, 181. 

Hodge, v-xxiv, 38,45, 72-74, 172-178, 
181. 

Hoffman, 178. 

Holgate, 178. 

Hollenback, xii, xix, xxxv, 57, 6S, 1 13, 

"7, 165, 173, 179, iSl, 184, 191. 

Hollister, vii, xiv, 178, 181, 187. 

Horton, 1S1. 



198 



INDEX. 



Houpt, 181. 

Houston, 107. 

Howarth, 181. 

Howe, 1S1. 

Howell, xi, 181. 

Hoyt, v, xiv, xvi, xxi, XXV, xxxix, 24, 

46,62, 89, 178, 181, 184. 
Hubbard, 191. 
Hudson, 98. 
Hughes, 69. 
Huling, 178. 

Hunlock, xxi, xxxix, 179, 184. 
Hunt, xviii, xxi, xxxix, 1S1, 1S4. 

Ide, 62. 

Ingham, xi, xii, xx,xxx,xxxv, xli, 13, 
164, 173-191. 

James, xxvii, xxxvi, 80, 98, 131, 172, 

181, 191. 
Jameson, 53. 
Janeway, 68. 
Jenkins, xxii, 72, 105, 106, 121, 181, 

186, 187. 
Jessup, 177, 178. 
Johnson, v, xl, 48, 49, 51, 52, 85, 131, 

I72,I75» I7S, 181, 1S5-191. 
Jones, v-xxii, 9, 119, 172-181, 1S7, 

1S9, 191. 
Jordan, xii, xvi, xvii, xxxi, xxxiv, 177, 

178, 181, 1S9, 191. 
Judd, 66. 

Ketcham, 181. 

Kennedy, 187. 

Kidder, 178, 180. 

Kienzle, 115, 118, 119, 184. 

King, 191. 

Kingsley, 106. 

Kipp, 8i, 82, 181. 

Kirby, xiv. 

Kirkendall, xi, 182. 

Kulp, v, vii, x, xv, 181-187, 188, 191. 



Lacoe, v-xlii, 164, 172-179, 1S6, 191. 

Lane, 178, iSl. 

Lambing, 191. 

Land, 21. 

Landmesser, v, 181. 

Laning, xv, xvi, xxxv, xxxix, 173, 

182, 184. 
Lape, xviii, 1S1. 
Lathrop, 182. 
Lea, 177. 
Leach, xvii, 182. 
Leavenworth, 1S2. 
LeClerc, 119. 
Lee, x, 179, 182. 
Leidy, 177. 
Leisenring, 178. 
Lenahan, 37. 
Lesley, xii, 53. 
Lesquereux, 177. 
Levering, xv, 177. 
Lewis, vii, xxv, 175, 1S2. 
Linden, 1S2. 
Linn, 177. 
Linskill, 191. 
Lippencott, 198. 
Long, xiii, 162, 182. 
Longshore, 1S2. 
Loomis, x, 173, 17S. 
Loop, xiii, 179. 
Lothropp, 21. 
Loveland, xvii, 179, 182. 
Lowrie, 177. 
Luke, 182. 
Lynch, xv, 120, 182. 

Maflfet, xii, 179. 
Mallery, 177, 178. 
Marks, 160. 
Maury, 177. 
Mason, viii, 178. 
Maxwell, 173, 17S, 1S2. 
Mayer, 173, 174, 1S2, 191. 
McCartney, 1S2, 191. 



INDEX. 



I99 



McCauley, 191. 

McQintock, v-xl,9, 15, 36, 3S, 75, 115, 

173-175. 179, 182, 187, 1S8, 191. 
McDowell, 69. 
McKerachen, 54, 106. 
McLean, xxiii, 182. 
McMinn, 178. 
Meginness, xix, 178. 
Mercur, 1S2, 192. 
Merritt, 182. 
Miller, 157, 178, 182. 
Miles, 173, 178. 
Mills, 178. 
Miner, v-xxxi, 172-176, 179, 182-184, 

188, 189. 
Monroe, 99, 192. 
Mordecai, 182. 
Morgan, xiii, xvii, XX, XXXV, 173, 182, 

184. 
Morse, 1S2. 
Morton, 1S2. 
Moulton, 64. 
Moyer, 1S4. 
Mulford, 182. 
Muller, xxxvi. 
Mulligan, xiii, 182. 
Murphy, 174, 182. 
Murray, x, 66-69, II 5, 178, 182. 
Myers, xxii, 179. 

Nagle, 192. 

Nesbitt, xix, 179, 182. 

Nichols, xviii, 160, 192. , 

Nicholson, 182. 

Norris, x, xvi, 179. 

Oldshaw, 182. 

Ogden, 103. 

Oliver, xi, xxxix, 182, 192. 

Osborne, X, 29. 

Osterhout, XX, xxxv, xiii, S3, 87, 97, 

178, 182, 1S4, 186, 187. 
Overton, 182. 
Owen, 70. 



Tage, 187. 

Paine, xii, xxxv, 174, 182, 1S4, 192. 

Palmer, 29. 

Park, xiv. 

Parke, xv, xviii, xxxiv, xl, Hi, 179, 

182, 189, 192. 
Parrish, xvii, xxi, xxiii, xxx, xxxix, 

157-160, 179, 182, 184. 
Parsons, v, vi, vii, ix, xii, xiv, xix, 

xxiii, 179, 1S2, 187. 
Pascoe, 190. 
Patten, 182. 
Patterson, 179, 182. 
Pattison, viii, 75. 
Payne, v. 

Pearce, 114, 177, 178, 187. 
Peck, 56, 182, 192. 
Penn, 95, 101-104, 125. 
Pennypacker, 178. 
Perkins, xiv. 
Peters, 178. 
Pettebone, xxiii, xxxix, 173, 174, 179, 

182, 184. 
Pfouts, xii, 182. 
Phelps, v, xii, xxi, 179, 182. 
Piatt, 178. 
Phillips, xxxv, 178. 
Phinney, 17S. 

Pickering, xii, xxvi, 55, 108, 177, 178. 
Piolet, 178. 
Price, v, 37, 178, 182. 
Porter, 62. 
Plotz, 182. 
Poland, 192. 
Pollock, 18S. 
Poor, 178. 
Plunkett, 103, 106. 
Puckey, x, 182. 
Pughe, 178. 

Quay, xxvi. 

Raeder, 182. 
Raife, xvii. 



200 



INDEX. 



Raleigh, 98. 

Randall, 173. 

Ransom, 106. 

Reading, 1 78. 

Reddin, 182. 

Reets, 179. 

Reichard, 178, 179, 182. 

Reynolds, v-xlii, 1-7S, 164, 172-192. 

Rice, xvi, xx, xxxiv, xxxix, 166, 182, 

189. 
Richards, xix, xxi, xxxiv, xxxix, xl, 

189. 
Richardson, 178, 181, 193. 
Ricketts, vii, xix, xxiv, xlii, 27, 80, 

172, 176, 182, 186. 
Roberts, vi, xviii, 1S3, 192. 
Robinson, v, xviii, 178, 183. 
Rockafellow, v, 174, 179. 
Rockwell, xiv, 183. 
Root, xx, 183. 
Roper, 193. 
Rosenbaum, 1S2. 
Ross, xiii, xxx, 26, 81, 91, 173, 183, 

184, 185. 
Roth, xviii, 183. 
Rothrock, 178. 
Rouse, 183. 

Rhoads, xi, 70, 178, 1S2. 
Rulison, xii, 177. 
Rust, 178. 
Rutter, 114, 115. 
Ryman, xi, xix, 165, 179,182, 183,187, 

[193- 
Sahm, xxi, 183. 
Samson, xii, 178. 
Sanderson, 178. 
Santee, iSS. 
Sayre, xxi, 1S3, 193. 
Scharar, xx, 1S3. 
Scranton, I S3, 193. 
Shakespeare, 86. 

Sharpe, vii, ix, x, xiv, xv, xix, xx, 
xxiii, xxxv, 176, 179, 184, 193. 
Spayd, 183. 



Sprague, xiv, 183. 

Starr, 178. 

Stark, 25. 

Straw, xi, 183. 

Strauss, 181, 183. 

Swallow, 177. 

Searle, xviii, xxxv, 182. 

Secord, 106. 

Sellers, 193. 

Shenstone, 86. 

Shepherd, xi, xix, 1 83. 

Sherman, 66. 

Spencer, 54, 106. 

Stearns, v, vii, ix, xi, xii, xv, 36, 162, 
176, 179, 183. 

Sterling, xi, 183. 

Stewart, x, 48, 54, 59, 103, 183. 

Sweet, viii, xxvii, 178. 

Swetland, 24. 

Sill, 52. 

Sively, 182. 
/Smith, xv, xviii, xxi, xxxiv, 27, 29, 
174. 175, 1S3, 184, 193. 
Stille, viii, 177. 
Stites, xii, 183. 

Scott, xvii, 183. 
Schott, 55. 

Shoemaker, v, vii, x, xv, xxvii, xxxix 
z6 > 173, 179, 183, 184. 

Shonk, viii, 183. 
Slocum, 178, 183. 
Stoddart, xvi, 183. 
Stoeckel, 183. 
Stone, 178, 193. 
Strong, 183. 
Swoyer, 179, 183. 
Sutphin, 178. 
Shumart, 1 78. 
Shuman, 52, 106. 
Stuart, 124, 125, 128. 
Struthers, 175, 183. 

Sturdevant, vi, x, xiii, xviii, xix, xx, 

162, 174, 183, 184, 193. 
Smyth, 193. 



INDEX. 



20 1 



Tollman, 180. 

Taylor, v, xix, 63, 64, 176, 179, 183, 

193- 
Trembath, xiv, 183. 
Tillinghast, 193. 
Timothy, 112. 
Timpson, xii, 183. 
Trimmer, xxii. 
Tripp, 1 78, 1 S3. 
Todd, 70. 
Tompkins, 183. 

Thomas, xi, xii, xxi, 179, 183, 193. 
Troxell, xx, 183. 
Tubbs, xiv, 21. 
Turbot, 70. 

Turner, xii, xiv, 179, 180, 183. 
Thurlow, 17S. 
Trumbull, 121, 124. 
Tyler, 108. 

Ulp, 161. 
Umsted, xii. 

Van Horn, xix, 183. 
Van Wickle, xiv, 183. 
Vaux, 177. 

Vespucius, 95. 
Volkenand, 166. 
Von Bunschooten, 54, 55, 59. 
Voorhis, x, 183. 

Wadhams, x, xvii, xxxv, xxxix, 173, 

»74, 175. 179. 183,184, 1S6. 
Waelder, 1 78. 
Wakeman, 178. 
Walker, 1S6. 



Waller, 55. 

Waltham, 178. 

Ward, xiv, 177, 178, 193. 

Warfield, xii, xxiv, xii, 177, 189, 103. 

Waring, 178. 

Washington, 120. 

Webster, 100. 

Welles, v-xxxv, 119, 120, 172, 175, 

176, 179, 183, 193, 194. 
W T elter, 183. 
Wheaton, xi. 
Wilcox, 194. 
Williams, 173, 194. 
Winthrop, 196. 
Wilson, v, 178. 
Witer, 106. 

Witherspoon, xx, xxxiv, xxxix, 189. 
Whipple, 167. 
White, xvi, 183. 
Wright, v-xli, 9, 13, 15, 18, 31, 115, 

164-179, 1S9, 194. 
Wolff, 194. 
Wood, 65, 183. 
W T oodruff, xix, xxiii, xxiv, 172, 176, 

183, 189. 
Woodward, vi-xl, 9, 24, 37, 62, 82, 83. 

95, 116, 172-177, 183, 184, 188, 1S9, 

193- 
Wroth, 183. 

Yarrintgon, 52, 178. 
Yeager, xxii, 179. 
Yordy, 183, 194. 
Young, x, 183. 

Zinzendorf, Hi. 



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