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vol. V. 







Brendel, Emil, M. D. 

Od some new species of Faelaphidte, 

New species and corrections in the family PBelapbidse, 

Cle.mens, Bracken ridge, M. D. 

North American Micro-Lepidoptera, 

Ckesson, E. T. 

Monograph of the Philanthidfe of North America, . 

Edwards, W. H. 

Description of a new epeciee of Limenitis, 

Grote, Auo. R, , 

Notes on Cuban Sphiii$;idse, ..... 
Notea on the BombycidsB of Cnba, .... 


A Synonymical Catalogue of North American Sphingidse, 

with Notea and DescriptiooB, 149 

Reakirt, Tayos. 

DeRcriptions of some new Bpecies of Danain», . . . 217 
DescriptionB of some new species of Eresia, . . . 224 


Revision of the hitherto known species of Chlonobas in 
North America, ■ 1 

Walsh, Benjamin D., M. A. 

On Phytophagic Varieties and Phylophagic Species, with 

remarks on the Unity of Coloration in Insects, . , 194 







iCommanicaUd June 12th, 1865.) 

Having long been desirous of comparing the species of Chionoiin 
described by Say under the name of /Ti/j^'ii-c/Ka seniiWrK, of which I 
hare seen a large number of specimens, with the subarctic speciea of 
the same genus indicated or described by authors as living in the colder 
regions of this continent, no specimens of which have hitherto found 
their «ay into the museums of this country, it was with great satisfac- 
tion that I was given the opportunity of examining an interesting col- 
lection of this genus made by my friend aud fellow student Dr. A. ^. 
Packard. Jr.. on the coast nf Labrador, near the northern extremity 
of the Straits of Belle Ule, and us far north m the mission station of 
Hopedale ; it comprised nil but one of the species hitherto described <ir 
figured, or in any way indicated aa coming from that region — that ex- 
ception was made good to me through the favor of Mr. Vi'. II. Edwards, 
to whom I have been so frequently indebted for the gift atid loan of 
specimens desired by me in my studies, and for many useful notes upon 
them; from him also I have received i<peciuiens from Labrador ticketed 
by MoMchler, the latest reviser of the Kui-opean species, which have 
been of great service to me, and also a speciuien of the only species yet 
described or figured from the western portion of our continent. With- 
out doubt other species will he added so soon as that region is explored, 
which will not be long hence, we may be sure. Already another spe- 
cies is indicated from that region, obtained by Jlr. Lorquin. In the 
meantime it has seemed to me a useful undertaking to attempt to scru- 
tinize the relations of the species already known on this continent, aud 
to understand what this and that author have meant by Oeno, Aho, 


2 [July 

Ta.ygf.te, Bootei, &a., thereby aceompliahing for Nortt America what 
Moscliler has done for Europe; and although I have not beeD able to 
agree with that author in all his determinatioDS, I hope I shall not he 
found to have created oonfusion thereby. I have not attempted to give 
any opinion upon purely European species, since, from the want of a 
sufficient number of specimens from that continent, each an andertaking 
would be misplaced, but where the Labrador species was one said to be 
identical with the European, I have founded my judgment wholly on 
the Labrador specimens and figures of Labr.idor individuals, and have 
giveh, from all works at my command, sjnonymical lists, it will be seen, 
only of descriptions and figures of, or references to, specimens from La- 
brador, strictly confining myself to the American species. I do not 
doubt, however, that some of them are found upon both sides of the 
Atlantic, and have specimeas of several under examination from Europe 
and America which do not seem to me distinct. For these also I am 
indebted to the favor of Mr. Edwards. But this field of inquiry being 
extraneous to my purpose, I have not entered upon it. I have given 
outline figures to illustrate the direction of both the borders of the 
middle band on the under surface of the secondaries, usiug, when 
sketching them, a specimen of each species which seemed to me to ex- 
hibit the normal condition. 

A description of the egg, larva and chrysalis of one species, (6%, 
semidea) with figures of the latter two, will be found in my " Remarks 
on some characteristics of the iosect-fauna of the White Mountains, 
New Hampshire," published in the Boston Journal of Natural History, 
Vol. VII, pp. 612—631. 

One source of confusion and difficulty of understanding the meaning 
of authors has been, it seems to me, in the indifFerent mauner with 
which they have frequently used specific names which in their view 
were synonymous, leading others to believe that because, for instance, 
they employed in one place the specific name Bootes and in another 
Taygete, therefore they believed that two species existed, when it was 
only an irregular use of names which had been applied by different 
authors to one and the same species. Another thing is sUll more re- 
markable to me, however: Mikchler, in his valuable article on the 
Lepidopteran Fauna of Labrador, (Wiener Ent Monatschr. IV) enu- 
merates on p. 342 the species of Ohiouoha» found there B&JiUta Hiibn., 
Taygeie Hilbu., Oeno Bd. and Bootes Bd., remarking, in connection 
therewith, that he discusses their relation so fully in his paper on the 
genus Chionobae in Europe, that it is only necessary to give an enu- 
meratioa of them ; and in addition thereto, criticizing Mr. Christophs' 


1866.] 3 

view, he Bays in a Dote on p. B32, that Bootes, Taygetc and Oeno ex- 
hibit Tery good differeDCee, as he will show in that game paper. Now 
when this paper is published, two and a half years afterward, he places 
Bootes Bd. as a synonym of Tat/ffete Hiibn, without expressing any 
change of view, or referring in any way to his previous statement and 
enumeration as erroneous, which he certainly should have done after 80 
direct a reference to the latter paper for explanations and proof of the 
accuracy of views already expressed; no such reference being made, it 
is a little surprising to find that instead of being confirmed they are 

1. Chioaotiafl }ntta. 

CSiionobae Jutta, Mdechler, Wiener entom. Uonatschrift, IV. 34S ; VII. SOI. 
Oiianobas Balder Boisduvsl, Iconee hist, dea Lepidopt. 1. 189, PI. 30, figB. 1—3. 
" Hist. geoer.etlooneB Lepidopt. del'Am. Sept 216. 

Coubleday, Weetwood and Hewiteon, Gen. Diurnal Lapidopt. 

II. 382. 
Herrich-Schnffer, Bjit. Bearb. d'Schmett. von Enrapa, II. 

Tagfalter, 08. 
Morris, S^nop. Lepidopt. N. Am. 71. 
SchiOdte, in Sink, Naturhiat Bidrag til en Beeliriv af GrOn- 

Eumenis Balderi Hitbner, Zutrftge, 43, figB. 981— SB2. 

Expanse of wings S 2.06—2.16 in.; 9 2.16—2.20 in. 

Head, thorax and abdomen black, with brownish hairs. Antenna 
of the ground color of upper side of wings, annulated with grayish- 
white; elub reddish-brown, tip sometimes darker. Palpi with short 
grayish-white haiis throughout, long black ones beneath. Femora 
dark brown; tibife brownish-yellow, flecked with gray; upper side of 
tarsi sometimes darker. 

Wings above dark brown, with dark spots along the border in a yel- 
lowish field; beneath mostly marbled with grayish, dark browu and 
black. Fringe pure white, interrupted narrowly with black at the ner- 

Above. PrimarieM dark brown, the % clightly darker. Parallel to 
the outer border and nearer to it than to the extremity of the cell is a 
broad hand, dull yellow in the J > ^ot^ or less ochraceous in the % , 
extending from the costal to the internal nervnre, generally interrupted 
only by the nervures in the 9 i broken up into roundish or ovoid spote, 
oAen widely separated in the % , which have rather large, black, round 
or ovoid spots in cells 2 and 5 (counting from the internal nervnre), 
and one of the same si^e or smaller, or even reduced to a point, in cell 
3, absent in the % , the lowermost of these spots slightly nearer the 


4 [July 

border than the others. % with two btaok apots of hair-lilce scales, ooe 
next the base below the median nervure reatiag upon and esteading to 
its first branch ; the aecond, separated by this branch from the first, rest-s 
upon the mediaD both above and below, divided by it and eitending to the 
termination of the cell, having a small patch between the aecond and 
third median nervules. Costal border, especially near base, indistinctly 
mottled with gray and black. Secondarie* of the same general color 
as the primaries, with a similar band before the border, continuous or 
nearly so in both sexes, in which, in every interspace, is a more or Ishs 
distinct pale yellow dot, except in that between the first and second 
mediiin nervules, where there ia a small eye-like spot, indistinctly white- 
pupilled. One of the specimens exhibits also a SLmilar but indistinct, 
spot between the second and third median nervules. The separation 
of the band from the border is less distinct in the 7 than in the £ . 

Beneath. Primaries slightly paler than the upper surface ; the whole 
costal edge mottled white and black; the apes of the wing anil the upper 
half of the outer border is either uniform gray from the equal com- 
miugUug of white and dark brown scales, or by the clustering of scales 
of the same color into spots is pretty uniformly marbled with white and 
dark brown or black. The outerhalf of the wing with a yellowish ( 5 ) 
or slight ocbraceous ( S ) tinge, with seldom any mark of the light band 
of the upper side except as a halo, distinct and large in 9 , feint and 
narrow in % , around the spots of the second and fifth cells, which re- 
appear on this surface, the upper always, the lower generally, distinotly 
white-pupilled. Seeondari'-t marbled with narrow transverse, generally 
wavy bars of clustered grayish-white, and brown or blackish-brown 
scales, in some individuals one, in others the other predominating, the 
lighter colors being fainter or nearly absent on the middle 
hand,and generally most conspicuous next itsouter limit; the 
middle band not very prominently darker than the ground 
M^Vi color but broad; Its outer border generally only narrowly 
'■ ; i '. Wedged with blackish, is deeply crenated except toward the 
"-^ -^ inner border, where the curves are slight and broad or want- 
ing; it extends from the costal border to exactly the extremity of the cell in 
three very prominent arches, the first two each occupying an interspace. 
the third broad and arching over two interspaces; from the extremity 
of the cell the border bends backwards towards the base, with a pvomi- 
nent arch in the next interspace, but in the .remaining, by which it 
reaches the inner border, only alight curves or none at all ; the inner 
border is much less distinct, but has an angular depression between the 
costal and subcostal nervures, and a very deep and rounded one in the 


1865.] 5 

lower half of the cell; the coBtal edge is mottled black and white, the 
oat«r edge ia narrowl; lined with black, before which is geDerally a 
narrow faint hand where the grayish acalea ptedominat* over the black. 
The remainder of the wing is generally uniformly marbled, hot in one 
specimen (f,') before me the narrow dark line bordering the inner half 
of the outside of middle band continues on in a. straight tine to the outer 
angle of the wing at the termination of the second subcostal nervule. 
The eye of the upper appears again beneath, very prominently white- 
pnpilled. so much so as sometimes to appear almost ultogeCher as a 
white spot; the spots in the other interspaces are generally larger, more 
prominent and paler ; nervures not flecked with white, 

2 I ; Hopedale and Square Island Harbor, Labrador, Dr. A. 3. 
Packard. Jr. iJ $ ; Quebec, W. H. Kdwards. 

It will he seen from this description that my specimens have eyes on 
the upper side of the aecoDdaricM only in cell '2, except in one which 
has a very indistinct one in cell 3, but that they ull are delicately wbite- 
pupitled; also that all the eyes of the under side of the secondaries of the 
male as well as the female nre white-pupilled, that of cell 5 distinctly; 
further, that the eye of cell 2 on the under side of the secondaries in 
the % is very protuinently while-pup tiled ; these are variations noted 
from Mbscher's description. 

I am inclined to accept Moscher's union of Jutti with Ba&?CT-, having 
examined also a pair of specimens of this species from Russia, labelled 
■■ Bnl'li-r" by Menetries. kindly loaned me by Mr. Kdwards. 

2. ChionobaB Chryzni. 

Chianohan ^hry!^3 Doubledny, Waetwooil and Hewitaon, Gen. Diurnal Lopidopt. 
II. 383, PI. 84, fig. I. 
Edwanis, Proc. Gntom. Soc. Philad. II. 82. 

Expanse of wings, f 'Z.'i inches. 

9 - Head, thorax and abdomen black, with ochraceons hairs, mingled 
with black ones on front of thorax. Antennae light brown is h-yellow, 
faintly auuulated with white, the tip of club dnsky. Palpi very pale 
yellow, with hairs of same color, of moderate length, as long above as be- 
low, with B Tory few longer black ones mingled with them below, more 
abundant and occurring both above and below at the tip. Lega grayish ; 
femora, except tip, darker. 

Wings above dull ochraceous-yellow, flecked with brown on the basal 
half and along the costal and outer margin of primaries and the outer 
iingle of secondaries; beneath paler, secondaries marbled with browa 
and gray, with a dusky middle band. 

Above. Primariet dull oohraceons-yellow, the base largely flecked 


6 - [jTn,y 

to beyond the cell with dull reddish-browo, in which we see broad and 
short pale bands oa both sides of the oerTure, ologing the cell, which 
it«elf ia distinctly bnt narrowly bordered with dark brown, and similar 
bands across the cell towards the base; the costal border flecked with 
brown scales which extend as a band around the outer border to the 
second median nervule; the costal edgemarbled, especially toward base. 
with black and white, less distinct toward middle of wing. In the 
broad pale ochraceoos-yetlow band which is thna formed across the oater 
half of the wing, which is divided by a spur of the basal brown extend- 
ing along the latX, bmnch of the median nervure, there are three black- 
ish eye-like, slightly ovoid spots in the secoud, third and fifth celb, the 
third much smaller than the others, the fifth indistinctly white- pup i lied. 
Secondaries faintly, marbled with transverse bars, sometimes clustered 
into spots, of dnll ochraceous-yeilow and dull reddish-brown, the darker 
colors predominating over a large basal portion, still darker nest the 
base, and the lighter occupying the outer portion, with the esoeption 
of a band across the outer angle of dark brown scales clustering into 
spots in the interspaces; between the first and second median nervules 
a small round blackish spot, largely pupilled with grayish-white ; ihe 
marbling seen is that of the diaphanous marking of the under surface. 
Beneath. Primaries dirty gray iah- white, tinged with faint ochrace- 
ous, especially in lower half; a brownish band along outer border cor- 
responding to npper surface but extending further, faintly marbled with 
grayish, especially at tip of wing; costal edge distinctly marbled with 
grayish-wbite and black as far as this band, but interrupted by a darker 
spot above the eye; a broad band across the middle of the wing, whose 
outer border corresponds to the outer border of the basal brown of upper 
surface, that is, runs parallel to the nervure closing the cell, projects 
outwards as a narrow sharply pointed tooth along the last median 
nervule and just reaches the outer band, after which it continues in 
broad shallow waves parallel to the outer border; its inner border be- 
low the cell is indistinct, merging into the piiler colors basewards; it 
crosses the cell irregularly above the origin of the second median 
nervule; the band is partially divided by a broad bar of grayish 
crossing the cell at its extremity and by a pale spot just beyond the 
cell ; the basal portion of the wing is sprinkled with clusters of brown- 
ish spots in the cell which sometimes congregate into narrow bars cross- 
ing it; the eyes of the upper surface are repeated and all distinctly 
white-pupil led. Secondaries marbled with narrow transverse bars, 
sometimes congregated into spots and bands of white, dark brown and 
pale brown scales, the latter sometimes tinged faintly with ochraeeous. 


1865.] ■ 7 

eapecially toward the oatat border; the dark brown softies congregate 
into a basal spot which ia marhled with narrow bars of wfait«; they 
form also the middle haod, which is of nearly uniform width through- 
oat, and ia marbled within with white, griiytsh-white and light brown 
bare, is bordered on the inside hroadly, on the outside narrowly, with 
whitish bands marbled with narrow transverse bars of dark brown ; out- 
side of all there is a broad band of lighter brown, made up of a nearly 
uniform marbling of dark brown, ochraceons-brown and grayish-whit«, 
the latter faintly dividing the middle with indiBtinet whif« spots in the 
interspaces; small white spola also upon the border in the interspaces of 
the median nervure, upon which rest larger dark brown spots, the eye 
a upper surface; the outer border of the middle band 
extends from the costal border erenulat* to the second aub- 
\ coBtal nerrule in a general direction at right angles to the 
/A costal border; ^m here it estends to the extremity of the 
in one very large conical projection, and from the cell 
to the inner border moves in crenations, each of which oc- 
) interspace, gradually curving towards the base; the inner 
}ving from the costal edge has a slight tooth horderwards before 
reaching the subcostal nervure, reaches the middle of the cell, is there 
bent at right angles down the cell to a point opposite the origin of the 
first median uervule, and runs thence in a pretty regular curve to the 
inner border in general parallel to the opposite side of the band. 
1 J ; Pike's Peak, W. H. Edwards. 

The specimen from which this description ia drawn np ia one some- 
what rubbed, which should be taken into account in using the above 
description. The fringe is nearly gone; Edwards says, "alternate black 
and whitish." The nervures may have been flecked with white, but no 
trace remains, 

3. Ohionobu Oalali. 

Chionobaa TaygeU Edwards, Proc. Philiid. Acad. 1B6B, 5T, 

Oenri* Taygeit, } (not % ) Hubner, Samml. Eioi Bchmett. Lep. I. Pap. 1. 

NTinpIi. IX. Oread. D. Nubileo *, figs. 3, 4. 
Expanse of wings $ 2.2 inches. 

9 . Head, thorax and abdomen black with oehraceous hairs. An- 
tennee reddish-yellow, aunulated, especially above, with reddish-brown; 
olub reddish-brown, black-tipped. Palpi with ochre-yellow hairs,iniu- 
gled with longer black hairs, which latter are especially prominent be- 
neath and at the tip. Femora dusky ; tibite and tarsi pale yellow. 

Wings deep ocbraceons-brows, flecked with black on the basal half 
and along the costal and outer margin of both wings, eye-like spots be- 


"* [Jutv 

jbru the margin, beneath marbled with ochraoeous aad brown ; the se- 
oondariea with a dark middle bandj fringe dark brown, interrupted in 
the interspaces with grayish- white. 

Above. Prima nVs ochraceous-brown, the costal border marbled with 
black and gray! ah- white, distinct next the base, formiDg a dark gniyieh 
band towards the tip, contiawed more broadly aronnd the outer to the 
inner border as a dark browu band, the inner edge slightly crenulated, 
the oul«r edge distinctly black; a very broad band clouded with black, 
darkest at the borders, and somewhat tinged with ochraceous in the 
middle, crosses the middle of the wing; the nervure closing the cell is 
distinctly and narrowly edged with black; the outer border of the band 
starts from the dusky costal border beyond the cell at right angles to the 
last branch of the qiedian nerrure, projecting outwards as a short tooth 
upon this nervure, is there bent at right angles towards the base, ajid 
immediately thereafter bends again and passes in broad crenations to 
the inner, and subparallel to the outer, border; the inner border of the 
band crosses the cell irregularly between the origin of the first and se- 
cond median nervules and nearer the latt«r; below the cell, it passes 
from the origin of the first median nervule psraliel to the costal border, 
but is lost before reaching the inner border. Between this band and the 
base the ochraceous is considerably flecked with brownish atoms, less dis- 
tinctly next the band; in the broad ochraceous band nest the outer 
border, occupying the space left between the two dark bands mentioned, 
are situated in cells 2, 3 and 5, large, roundish, inclined to be pyriform. 
blind, eye-like spots, that in cell 3 a Httlo smaller and rounder. .SV- 
•:oiii!arie» : baaat portion to the extremity of the cell fuscous, largely 
tinged with dull ochraceous, except above the cell ; toward the base 
very indistinctly marked with faint fuscous and ochraceous ; (he outer 
limit of this fuscous basal portion is that of the outside of the middle 
band beneath ; the outer border of the wing from the tip of the first 
subcostal nervule to the anal angle has a narrow dusky band, narrower 
than that of primaries, blackish on the inside where it is very slightly 
crenulate, paler along the middle, the edge black again; the marbling 
of the under surface shows indistinctly through upon the broad ochra- 
eeous-brown band which occupies most of the outer half of the wing.' 
and in the interspace between the first and second median nervules is 
a round, black, blind, eye-like spot, smaller than any of those of the 

Beneath. Prlrnariei considerably paler than above; the middle baud 
of the upper surface distinct only at the borders, the lower portion of 
the outer border straight, the middle space being of the ground color. 


1865.] n 

with tranxverse, atightlj wavy streaks, eapeclollj in the cell, of blackiah- 
browD ; frequeot aimilur atreaki^ itj the cell between tbe banil and the 
base; the coHtal edge distioctlj niKrbled with black and grayish-white 
from boae to apex, over which latter portjon it is more diffueed, thoi^h 
scarcely reaching the sixth cell except next the outer border, where it 
extends at least to the third median nervule, and is bordered toward 
the base by a narrow band formed of continuous shallow lannles reach- 
ing neither tbe costal nor the inner border ; next to which is a. broad 
uchraceous band, with iDfrequent transverse streaks of reddish-brown, 
which never cross the nervules; the eyes as above, though more ovoid 
in form, and that of cell 5 very indistinctly white pupilled. Se<:oiida. 
riKS marbled with transverse bars and streaks of blackish-browo and 
graybh-white. tinged with pale ocbraceous-brown in the outer half of 
the wing, and with darker ocbraceous-brown in the middle 
of the band ; at the base the bare are larger and about 
^equally divided; in the band the darker ones are clustered 
"^ along the borders so as to be continuous at the extreme 
y border ; in the outer half the marbling is pretty uniform, ' 
g tinged with ochraceous next the middle band, the lighter 
colors prevailing throughout this portlou ; midway between the band 
and the outer border very indistinct pale jellowish-white spots in tbe 
interapacesj the eye reduced to an indistinct small round black spot; 
the outer border narrowly edged with black, not eitending to either 
angle, a small white spot situated upon it in the interspaces; the inner 
border of the middle band is formed of a series of right angles from the 
costal border till it has passed the median nervnre ; in the space above 
the cell it forms a right angle whose limbs are equal, projecting bor- 
derwards, in the cell one whose limbs are unequal projecting basewards, 
the short limb being the cootiDuation of that of the interspace above, 
extending to the middle of the cell, whence it is directed to the origin 
of the first median nervule, is again bent here at right angles before 
reaching it and continues to tbe internal nervure, whence it extends 
bent slightly borderwards to the inner margin; the outer border of the 
band starting Irom the costal border of the wing paMes in one arch to 
the second subcostal nervole, here extends borderwards to tbe middle 
of the interspace opposite tbe extremity of the cell, and thence moves 
in a gradual crenulated curve, passing just beyond the extremity of the 
cell to the inner border ; the band is broader than in most species of 
the geuns. and is especially so on the median nervures; the nerrnres 
are all distinctly flecked with white. 

1 9; Albany River, Hudson's Bay. W. H. Edwards. 


10 [J0LT 

Although MQsohler refers in his syooDjinj of C. Tca/gete to all the 
figures giveo by Hiibaer as representing TaygeU in his Lap. Exot., yet 
he does not seem to inolude ia hia description such forma ss Hiibner 
figures for the 9 . I do not find any simikr form of either sex figured 
OF described anywhere which corresponds to this $ except the one de- 
scribed by Edwards referred to in my synonymy, and from a comparison 
of specimens from Labrador which agree perfectly, some (both S and 9 ) 
with the % as figured there, and another ( 9 , Edwards' specimen) which 
agrees with the 9 as Hiibner represents it, I cannot now believe that 
they belong tu one species ; it would greatly surprise me if a large num- 
ber of specimens should prove it. I have therefore described it here 
as a distinct species. The two fonns on Hfibner's plat« are not those 
considered by some as distinct species under the names of Taygete 
(Bootes Bd.) and Bore ; these, so far as I am acquainted with them, 
I agree with Moschler in considering as one speoies, to which the name 
of Bore must be given (which Moschler points out to be the older one). 
in accordance with the principle I would maintain that the oldest spe- 
cific name must always be retained (unless preoccupied) whether given 
with a description of the norm or of an aberrant form. 

The figure given by Htibner difi'ere from the specimen here described, 
both of the same sex, in having the ground color of the upper surface 
lighter, but a single less distinct eye (in cell 5 of primaries) and a more 
distinct sabmarginal int«rrapted row of blackish bars on both wings ; 
beneath the primaries are brighter, hare the one eye largely pupilled 
with white, the middle band of the secondaries on both sides (on the 
outer most distinctly) bordered with whitish, and in having more clus- 
tered blackish scales next the margin forming an inconspicuous dusky 
band; the out«r margin of the middle band, moreover, is indented 

4. CMonoliH Bore- 

Chionoha$ Bore Bchlodte, in Rink, Naturhiat. Bidr^ til en Beskriv. af Orda- 

laiid, 64 
Ckionabae Boota Boiaduval, Iconea htst des Lepidopt. I. 191, PI. 37, Sgs. 4 — 6. 
" Hist. gen. at Iconee Lepidopt. de I'Am. 3ept. 31B. 

Herrich-SchffiSer, Byat. Bearb. d. Sahmett. von Europn I. 

Tagfalter, 69. 
MSachler, Wiener ent Monatachr. IV. 343. 
Morris, Synop. Lepidopt. N. Am. T2. 
CkUmobat Tof/geU Hubner, Samral. £zot. Schmett. Lep. I, Pap. I, Nymph. IX, 
Oread. D, Nubilee i, flgs. 1—2. 
Herrioh-Schflaffer, Sjat. Bearb. d'Sohmett von Europa I. 

Tagfalter 70, .Tab. iii, flge. 112—113. 
Doubled ay, West wood and Ilewitson, Qen. Diurn. Lepidopt. 


1865.] 1 1 

Expanse of wings % 1.84—2.00; J 1.96— 2.12 inches. 

Head, thorax and abdomen black, with hairB of the color of tbe nppet 
surface of the viogs; stalk of antennea aoniilated with brown and gray- 
tsh-white; clnb light yellowish-brown, faintly annulated with dusky, 
the tip much darker. Palpi white, with longer blackish-brown hairs 
beneath, tip of mingled hairs priucipally blackish. Femora with black- 
ish-brown, tibiae with yellowish hairs. 

Wings above; ( dark brown, 9 paler yellowish-brown, with darker 
marginal bands; outer border narrowly edged with black; beneath 
flecked with hoary on apex of primaries and on whole of secondaries 
except the borders of the middle band and a darker submargiual band ; 
fringe dnll grayish- white, narrowly interrupted at the nervule-tips with 

Above. Primarien : basal half of coetal edge flecked or marbled with 
frrayish-whit« and dark brown ; % nniformly pretty dark brown, with a 
slight yellowish tinge, with a blackish-haired streak as in % of C. Juflu, 
only separated from the median nervure next the base. 9 paler or 
darker yellowish-brown, with a more or less distinct dusky band along 
the whole outer border; the transverse costal streaks of the outer half 
of the wing sometimes indistinctly showing through from the under 
surface; generally without eyes, in cell 5 sometimes an indistinct 
brownish eye, largely gray-pupilled. Secondaries: % as in primaries, 
the markings of the under surfece showing through pretty distinctly ; 
a submat^nal band of indistinct yellowish-hrown spots, between which 
and the border a very indistinct dusky band ; 9 the whole basal half 
dusky, sometimes less distinctly so next the base, the markings of the 
under surface showing through ; outer half of wing paler than the pri- 
maries, a rather broad marginal band of blackish-brown, always more 
distinct on its inner margin, whore it condenses into transverse blackish 
bars between the nervules, to which the band is sometimes almost con- 
fined, and upon which sit faint yellowish-white spots, barely discerni- 

Beneath. Primarieg paler than above; varying from pale to deeper 
yellowish-brown, at the apex grayish -white, extending down the outer 
border to the median nervules and sometimes spreading as a hoary tint 
over nearly the whole apex beyond the cell ; the whole wing, except 
inner border, transversely barred with more or less clustered grayish- 
brown streaks, which almost always congregate with greater distinctness 
to form two larger narrow transverse streaks reaching from the costal 
C|uite or near to the inner border, one submarginal. the othercrossing at 


12 [JULY 

the extremity of the cell, bent at the Itunt inediau nervule ; they ftre 
also generally collected to form a Blender Btreak betneea the two, ex- 
tending JTom the coetal border half way over the wing, and to form h 
spot or tranaverae streak in the middle of the eel! ; in ceil ft there is 

occasionally an indistinct small white spot. Secondaries: the baaal 
portion of the wing before the band next the base is blackish-brown, 
marbled slightly with grayish-white, next the baud grayish- white, mar- 
bled slightly with blackish-browQ, formiog a narrow baud 
bordering the middle band, broad on the costal border, nar- 
and more obscured on the inner; the band is rather 
'\ broad, ite outer limits distinctly though but narrowly black- 
y ish, its inner portion marbled with narrow, short, transveriH! 
streaks of blackish-brown and yellowish-brown scales, darker 
next the limits, sometimes obscured by hoarioess, especially at eosital 
border, where it is almost always present ; the inner border forms a 
pretty regular cur¥e bent at the extremities towards the apex, except 
that it forms a broad deep depression in the middle in the lower half 
of the cell, which reaches the origin of the first median nervule ; the 
outer border is also pretty symmetrically curved except it bends abruptly 
ut right angles on the second subcostal nervule, extending outwards a 
shorter or longer distance, and thence curves pretty regularly to the 
inner border, though when it extends outwards considerably at the se- 
cond median nervule it generally has a slight depression at the first 
median nervule ; it is generally toothed slightly on the subcostal half of 
its course, especially on either side of the second subcostal nervule, and 
crenulatc on the median half, but it is sometimes even throughout its 
course; beyond the band the basal half is generally more or leas hoary, 
with generally a distinct hoary band next the middle baud; there is a 
submarginal band, generally of equal width with the hoary band, of 
uniform marbling of blackish -brown and yellowish-brown transverse 
streaks, washed more or less, or sometimes not at all, with hoary, in the 
outer margin of which are generally seen pale yellowish spots in the 
interspaces ; next the border a marginal band generally of greater width 
than the preceding, of black ish -brown Bcales, more or less marbled next 
the margin with the paler colors and always most distinct away from 
the margin, forming there deeper or fainter Bpote of blackish-brown in 
the interspaces to which the band is sometimes limited, small white 
spots frequently sitting upon the border in the interspaces ; nervures, 
when not rubbed, distinctly flecked with white. 

2 % ,3 <i; Hopedale, Labrador. Dr. A. S. Packard, J r. I^abrador. 
W. H. Edwards. 


1866.] IS 

Among the specimeoB recdved through the kindnesa of Mr. Edwards. 
are !i t^ marked Bootet and a } marked Taygete, ao ticketed by MiMchler, 
aod both underatood to be from Labrador. la agreement with Mosch- 
ler I believe C. Bootee and 0. TaygeU to be the same Bpeoiea. 

5. CUonobu Oeno. 

OiiVtnohas Oetto BoisduTal, leonea hist. d«B Lepidopt. I. 106, PL SB, figs, k — 6. 
" Hist. gen. et Iconee Lepjdapt. de TAm. Sept. 220. 

Morris, Synop. Lepidopt. N. Am. 72, 

MBaohler, Wiener, Eotom. Monataehr. IV. 3*2; VII. 311. 
(%tonoda« AUo Boisduval, Hist. gen. et Icones Lepidopt. de I'Am. Sept. 222. 
Morris, Sjnop. Lepidopt. K. Am. Tl. 
MOsohler, Wiener, Ent. Monataolir. VII. 203. 
Chiawihi^ Oravihia Doubleday, Westwood and Hewitson, Genera Diurnal Lep- 
idopt. 383. 
(Boisduval in his Icones hist, des Lepidopt. does not describe his ('. 
Aho as from America escept the White Mouataio specimens which be- 
long to another species, C. semiih/i. By agtrange confusion of etiquettes 
on specimens received originally from Dr. Harris, he speaks of it as 
called 5";. eritiona by Harris. See my paper iu Bost. Journ. Nat. 
Hist. Vll. 618.) 

Expanse of wings % 1.78— 2.04 in,; 9 1.96— 2.1i in. 
Head, thoras and abdomen black, with blackish -brown hairs; stalk 
of antennas above blackish -brown annulated with white, below brownish- 
yellow delicately an nulated with brownish; club above yellowish-brown, 
below brownish -yellow, tip more dusky. Palpi above whitish or grayish- 
haired, tip black ish-h aired; beneath blackish-haired, more or less, some- 
tinies very much, mised with yellowish-brown hairs. Legs brownish, 
tibiffi lighter than femora. 

Wings above varying from dark brown to yellowiah-brown, primaries 
sometimes with small obsolete eye-like spots, secondaries with the de- 
sign of the under side sometimes ahowiug through; beneath, primaries 
like upper surface, hoary-tipped ; secondaries marked with blackish- 
brown, ochraceous-brown and grayish- white, with a darker middle band 
bounded by grayish bands sometimes obscured by uniform marbling ; 
the outer border of the wings delicately edged with black ; fringe pure 
white, grayish-white or grayish-yellow, interrupted at nervule-tips with 

Above. PriinariKi dark brown, more or less tinged with reddish, 
either uniformly or a little more oonaiderably nest the outer border, 
often deepening into very indistinct spota in the interspaces; sometimes 
uniform dark brown, considerably tinged with yellowish; sometimes 
slate-brown, the border paler or tinged with yellowish; the costal edge 


14 [JVLT 

more cpt leas distinctly marbled with <;rayish-whil:e and blscliish-browD. 
in my spetrimeoa more distincilj in the 9 ; occasionallj in cell 5, very 
seldom in cell 2, and in one instance before me also in cell 3, very small, 
indistinct, generally rery faintly gray-pnpilled eyee ; in the example 
which has an eye in cell 3, that eye ia but a dot, those of cells 2 and 5 
large, oval, blind; in one % with Mijachler's etiquette of " Crambu" 
there is a very indistinct, indefinite hairy gpot on the median nervure 
aa in C. Bore. Secondariet much like the primaries, more duslcy on 
the basal half, paler in a submarginal band, in which are generally dia- 
tinct, small, yellowish-white or ochre-yetlow spots in the interspaces. 
with a blackish-brown or blttckish submargina) band condensing int<> 
spots between the nervules; sometimes the markings of the under snr- 
fece, and sometimes even the outer limit of the band, show through 
scarcely at all upon the upper surface, while in other cases all of the 
markings are plainly seen, especially on the outer half. 

Beneath. Primaries scarcely paler than the upper surface ; some- 
times not at all, sometimes considerably, flecked with blackish-brown, 
occasionally condensing into minute transverse streaks, more abundant 
on the outer half of the wing ; whole costal edge distinctly marbled 
with black and white; apex flecked or marbled with grayish-white and 
blackish-brown, seldom encroaching on the 5th cell ; occasionally the 
cross nervule cloeing the cell narrowly edged with black ; the eyes of 
the upper surface sometimes repeated beneath, and then similar Id cha- 
racter; the individual before noted with the large spots, however, ha,'^ 
them distinctly white-pupilled beneath. Sccoiidariea : basal portion as 
far as the band either nearly uniformly marbled with grayish-white and 
blackish- brown, but with the darker colors slightly in excess near the 
base, or distinctly darker nest the base, and only distinctly 
gray in a hand bordering the middle hand which is very 
\ broad next the outer border and sometimes only linear nest 
Nthe inner border; in my specimens the former is generally 
z the case in the 9 , the latter in the S , but I question whe- 
ther a larger number of specimens would exhibit the same distinctions; 
the middle band is considerably darker, generally quite narrowly edged 
with blackish, within marbled with blackish and reddish-brown, the 
lighter colors gradually less distinct next the border ; the band is not 
90 broad as usual ; its inner border passes in a regular curve from the 
inner border of the wing to the middle of the cell, not reaching so far 
outward aa the divarication of the median nervure ; from here it is bent 
abruptly toward the base and forms a broad, rounded and considerable 


1865.] 15 

projection in that direction to the middle of the interepoce beyond the 
snbcoetal Derrnre ; the outer margia starting irom the costal border 
runs generally in a straight line a little inwards to the second subcos- 
tal nerrule ; bent outwards, generally rather abruptly, it extends in a 
broad curve to the inner border, sometimeB in a smooth line, frequently 
crennlated, occasionally slightly angulated; thia broad curve ia gene- 
rally depreaeed basewards more or tese at the first median nerrnle, but 
Dccasionally it is wantiog ; the abrupt chaoge at the second subooetal 
oerrnle is also sometimes obeonred so aa to be nanoticeable by the an- 
^larity of the band at ^is point, ani it is sometimes indistJnguish- 
uble even where the coarse of the mai^n is smooth. Beyond the 
middle baud the wing is marbled with blackish-brown, ochraceous 
and grayish-white, the latter most conspicnoos on the portion next 
the middle band, forming a band bordering the middle band in which 
the oehraceouB tints are seldom seen ; between thia and a dusky 
border band which ia sometimes indistinct, sometimes conspicuous by 
the presence of blackisb-brown spota in the interspaces either at its 
marginal or internal border, there is generally an indistinct band of 
blackish-brown and ochraceous marbling, with some interspersed scales 
of grayish-white J in this band are small, round, white, grayish-white 
or yellowish- white, generally distinct spots; sometimes the whole apical 
portion of this wing beyond the middle band is so obscured by grayish 
scales as to be nearly uniformly hoary, though deeper away from the 
border ; sometimes the whole wing is so nearly unifonnly marbled with 
blackish-brown and grayish-brown spots (not streaks), the latter occa- 
sionally tinged with ochraceous, that the middle band and all the other 
bands are quite obliterated ; quite frequently the whole base aa far as 
the outer border of the middle band is almost wholly obf^oated with 
blackish-brown or blackish so as to show no trace of the middle band ex- 
cept its outer border, in which case the outer half of the wing is gene- 
rally nearly uniformly marked, and may even itself be almost wholly 
obscured by blackish; the modifications and interchanges of all these 
variations show, however, that all the specimens exhibiting them, in- 
eluding not only the variations heretofore referred by authors to C, 
Aho, but also those specimens of greater uniformity of aspect referred 
to C. Oeno Bd , must be referred to one and the same species. 

7 S , 5 9 i Hopedate and Strawberry Harbor. Labrador ; Dr. A. S. 
Packard, Jr. Labrador ; W. H. Edwards. 

Moschler, in his article upon the genus Okionobai in Europe (Wiener 
Entomologische Monatsohrift VII, 169), and we believe all previous 
authors, have considered the species described by Boisduval under the 


16 [July 

names of C Ouno uid C. Alto to be distiact. On a moet rigid codi- 
pftrison of Moachler'i descriptions of the two forms, together with all 
his notes, aim] a. comparison of the twelve individuals io the collection 
before me from T^abrador, which mnst belong to one or the other or to 
both, undertaken, too, with a general bias in favor of Moachler's deter- 
minations ae evincing evident care and good judgment, I most confess 
myself unable to see any good ground for considering C. Oeno as dis- 
tinct ^m C. ^foi?, not withstan ding Mbschler's remark that "Oeno can- 
not easily be confounded with any of the allied species" (p. 213). 

Id the first place I would call attention to some incongruities in the 
descriptions of Moschler. In hie description of 0. Also he first says. 
'- Primaries with or without 1-2 black, sometimes white pupilled eyes. 
Seoondarieswithouteyes" (pp.208-9). He nestBays: "All specimens 
agree in this, that the eecondaries always bear an eye either on the 
upper or ou the under side" (p. 209). A few lines after, under the 
description of the male, these words occur: "All the wings without 
trace of eyes" (p, 309). Only two lines after this we find, still under 
the description of the male, that there are " in the cells of all the wings 
yellow points, cell 5 of the primaries with a small blind hlack eye, whioh 
tm the under side is distinctly white -pupil led" (pp. 209-10). The 
next reference we find to th^e eyes is under the description of the 
female, where the primaries are '■ either * * * without eyes, or * * with 
* * two black eyes in cells 2 and 5, of whioh the firat is sometimes 
white pupilled, or * * * two eyes, of which aoiuetinies both are pupilled. 
sometimes both are blind, suroetiuies one blind, the other pupilled" 
(pp. 210 — 11). Speaking further on of the underside in the female, 
he says: " Should the upper side of the primaries have eyes, beneath 
tbey are always whtte-pnpilled " (p. 211). I will only add that the 
specimen of Chionobm before me, labelled ■'Crambii" by Moschler, 
(whioh he considers synonymous with Abo) has no trace of eyes on 
primaries or secondaries above or beneath. Such discrepancies as these 
of course render this part of his description uiteless. 

■' Oeno," says Moschler, ■' cannot easily be confounded with any of 
the allied species; both the lesser sise and the diaphanous coloring, but 
moet eapeoially the coloring of the under side of the seoondaries, sepa- 
rate this species decisively from the others" (p. 213). We quote this 
to show that in these very points we cannot see why C. Omo should 
be separated from G. At»o. These are the distinotioDS ae given by 

I. The expanse of win^ as given by Miiscbler, is for C. Aho 42—50 
millimetres; for C Oeno 4&-43 millimetres. 


1865.] I': 

II. The tmnspunaey oFth« wtugti. Vuin the InHe Id tbe dttMtlp- 
tion of O. Aim, referring td a deecriptioa by BoisduVbl, MSnchUr nys : 
" These wordH (letir tTuspaKace eit Mile, que Ton Wt h ttHVerB tout 
te detain dn deMous) oeruinly refer well to Omo H. Soh., for I never 
fmnd in Oambu {Alto Bd.) the deaign of the nii<1flr aid6 of the ite- 
condaries appeariog ao diatinctl; on the Upper Bide M is iiib vasi in 
Oeno" (p. 208). Further on, under the deacription of the npper snr- 
fkce of C. Oeno, he tayt : " The aeoondariM an of ii llk6 eolor with (he 
primariea, the dusky marhling of the under aide ahlnee diitinetly 
throngheepeciallyon the outer half of the wing" (p. 213). N6 refe- 
rence is made to such (AosparenAy of the wingD in C. Also. 

III. The detign of the under side of the aeoondarlea; thesptelal dis- 
tincUona inaiated upon are: 

A. The coloration of the nervttrea. 

On this point, under the dmoription of 0. Abto, MSaohler saya: 
'- Xervurea not flecked with white" (p. 209) ; and further on, " tht 
nerrnrea of the seooodariee are Oct flecked with While on the Qnder 
aide" (p. 211). Under the deacription of O. (7eiioWeflnd theMW<irdt: 
" Nerrnrea ** deUcalely flecked with white" (p. 211); and again, 
" the nerYUrea In all &esh apecinieoa are rubbed with whitJah and mar- 
bled by the black of the ground color" (p. 218). "In worn speei- 
mens " it ia atated, among other things, that " the white flecking of tlte 
nerrnrea is wanting" (p. 213). In his compariaon of BoisduTal's platee 
of C. Otno and C. Alto, he aaya, furthermore, " the nefruree in llg. 6 
are flecked with white u Oeno always shown them, but Ofambit [i. e. 
Alio] ncTer" (p. 2U8). 

B. Spots on the hind border of aeooBdariea. 

Under C. Oeno we find the " border with bkek spots sitnated be- 
tween the nervorea" (p. 211). This refera to the node' side. Alittle 
beyond, desenbing the opper side of the sooendariee, he nya : " The 
border ia ohameteriied by olnst«red blackish atoms, which form od the 
neirnrea black apota aitoated on the white (Vinge, which in the 9 are 
much more distinctly and broadly marked than in the S " (p. 212). 
Returning i^in to the deseription of the under aide of the same, he 
tnentions that " befbre the border the black ooitdenses into apota whieh 
are both estAbtished npon the border and aim cut throagb the fiinge 
as well, whereby this appears more broadly dappled with black than in 
the allied speoiee" (p. 213); but he does not here tell ns whether 
they are situated upon er betweeu the nerrnretf; llie former ia the case 
both aboTB and below in the speeimeDs before me. In his comparisooa 
of BoiaduTsl's figures again, apeaklug of the under surface he aaya : 


18 [July 

" Uram&i* [i. e. Aho] also always waota tlie black spote situated od the 
border, whioh form a priuoipa! distinction in Oeno " (p. 208) ; and onoe 
more, " fioally the row of black apota before the border ahowa itaelf 
diBtiDotlj only in Oeno, though in Orambit [AUo] a duaky coloring 
extends along the border, yet does not exhibit so sharply defined deep 
black spot« aa ia Oeno" (p. 209). 

C. The general direotioa of the band. 

Under 0. Alio it is stated that " on the outside the baud runs from 
the inner border [costal border is meant] to nervure 6, where it is bent, 
whence it aometimes extends widely towards the border [outer border] 
to a pointed tooth, but more frequently forms only a short projection 
and continues gradually beat backwards to nerrnre '^od, thence bent 
again, reaching the inner border. On the inside it forms on the front 
nervnre of middle cell an arch upon the inside, which sometimes 
curves very strongly, but generally only a little, and then extends to 
the inner border in conformable carves with the other side" (p. 210) ; 
of the same parts in 0. Oeru) he says, " This band on the inside tarns 
back towards the base to a greater or less extent on the subdorsal and 
sttbcoBtal nervures, whereby a concavity {^Einbwihhtag) ia formed in 
the middle cell. Upon the outside it runs into a pretty symmetrical, 
bluntly indented* arch extending to the border, widest at the 4th ner- 
vure" (p. 212); and in additiou to the distinctions given in these ex- 
traots, there is the following remark on the comparison of Boisdu- 
val's descriptions ; " The expression ' crfinelfe,' which ia applied to the 
outside of the middle band, suits perfectly the form of this band in 
Oeno, much less in Cramlm (Also)" (p. 2U9). 

D, The frequent obliteration of the bands by the uniform marbling 
or obfuscation of the whole surface. 

Under 0. AUo he saya, " In some specimens in my oolteotion the 
whole under sur&oe of the secondaries is so obscured by black marbling 
that the middle band appears searoely darker than the ground, and 
the light bands oJ both aides of them only appear through indistinctly" 
(p. 210). Under C. Oeao lo speaking of the gray bands bordering 
the middle band he says, " the inner is often wholly obscured by dusky 
atoms, and the outer also is oflen scarcely distinguishable, so that in 
such examples the whole wing appears uniformly marbled with white 
and black" (p. 213). He further remarks in hia observations on Bois- 
duval's %ures and desoriptions, " The description of the underside of 
the. secondaries by Boisduval can be applied still less to Uramhix 

•A "variety" U mentioned where it ia deeply iudeated. 


1865,] 18 

[^'m>]. He Bays I. o. ' * * traveTsfi an milien par nne bande * * * ^i 
ijuflquffai* k perrl preiquf. eomplitetnent dans let tnarbruret de fond 
****.' We cannot say of the latter apeoies [^fto] that this band 
bleoda perfectly into the design of the ^onnd, for in GramhU [Aho^ 
the middle band is always distinctly separated from the ground color, 
while in dark colored specimens of Oeno the black marbling certainly 
covers band and ground color so uniformly, that it becomes difficult to 
distingnish the former in its course" (pp. 208, 9). 

tn regard, to these Tarious points of distinction which are now clearly 
set forth in opposition, I will bring forward the following conaidera- 
' tions. I have nnder examination a S of C AUo, marked Crambia by 
MoBchler himself, as I am informed, which agrees well with the dis- 
tiDotive characters of C. Also as he gives them. I have also undoubted 
specimens of C. Oeno from Labrador, in one of which no trace what- 
ever remains of the middle band upon one wing, and the scarcely dis- 
cemihle outline of its outer limit upon the other, which has also pro- 
minent black spots upon the border of secondaries, some of the ner- 
Tures delicately flecked with white, and the markings of the under 
snrftce showing through upon the upper side with almost perfect dis- 
tinctness ; it measures, however, fifty millimeters in expanse of wings. 

Now between these two I have not before me every shade of differ- 
ence, but I believe that a larger number would show it unquestionably, 
for in the comparatively few which I have, I find those which I can- 
not reasonably place with one rather than with the other, which have 
the outer border of the band varying so much that in some I find it 
freeing with 0. AUo in its abrupt arching of the central portion, 
sometimes bent at the second nervure and not at the sixth, sometimes 
at the sixth and not at the second, sometimes with a continuous curve, 
and in all these cases sometimes with cronulations, sometimes without, 
though the continuous curve is generally accompanied by crenulations, 
and the bending of the border at the second and sixth nervures to form 
the arching of the central portion is osnally unaccompanied by orenn- 
lations ) the flecking of the nervures with white appears to be equally 
unimportant. The specimen marked " Crambit" by Moschler, which is 
ao undoubted C. Alto, shows a portion of the nervures delicately flecked 
with white, while an unquestionable C. O-tw with nearly uniform black 
marbling shows none at all, and so it varies indiscriminately through 
the series ; and further, although those which approach most nearly t^ 
the description of C. Oeno as given by M&scbler do generally have 
black spots on the border, I have before me two indivldnals with nni- 


20 [JPLT 

form DMvhUng, ua4o4bt^ apowneiui of C. Oeno, vhioh b^va no spou 
whfltoTer, aii,«| of thoae abont which I un in doubt vhetber to place 
qitb one or th« other, tome btiva utd aone have not theee bkok spots, 
wd when in this they sppretu^ CK Oen« they »re qnits aa a|>t ih 
their other chaiEtoteiB to reseinble C. Alio. Neither am, I able (the 
oikly other reaoit) to separate thoae with the neaily uaiform marbUns 
froi^ aU t)tfi Feat, siaoe some of the latter haye the eouiae of the nuddle 
band precisely the same, hare the bUek sfote on the seeondariea, and 
show the markings throogb upon the ttpper side in some oases as wdl. 
So that the regiilt of n^ oomparifona \a, that I cannot believe that the 
ittdividuala separated by Moschler as two distinct species under the 
nameB whioh Boi^nval first gave them of O. Oeno and 0. AUo, in 
reality belong to ntore than oqe rather more than nsnally variable 

t. OUonobaa femidea. 

CHonobat lenidta Bdwarda, in Morris' S^nop. Lepidopt. N. Amer. 351. 
Boudd«r, Proc. Essex Inst. III. lOS, 

" ^<mC. Jour. Hat. Hifll Til. 631. PI. XIT, figs. 2-S. 
mpfVTthyi.»*P<i4« Bg^, Ainsr. SnC PI. SO. 

" ' Ent of N. Amer. (Ed. Leoonte), I. 113. PI. SO. 
Harris, Ins. injurious to Yog. (Ed. IS63), S04, fig. 120. 
Otnonjin^ta aemidta Morris, Synop. Lepidopt. N. Amer. 80. 
dueticbat Alto BoisduTal, loones. hist. des. Lepidopt. 1. 14T. 

" Hist. gen. etIcone»LapidiDpt. ds I'Aai^. SepL 19T. 

Sa^rut eri(fo»(t! Svrit tests B<»»du7al, loones hiet, dM Lepidopt L 197.— 
(9ee m; remarks oii,p..l3.) 

Effpaiue of winp % i.80-^2.06, average 1.92 in. 9 1.76—2.08, ave- 
rage 1.98. 

Head, thorax and abdomen black with blackish brown and yellowish 
brown halra, the tatter especially upon the abdomen ; back of bead 
and front of thorax witJt many grayish scales. Antennae brownish- 
yellow, generally paler or brighter on the clnb with a line of black 
scales above, ganeptUly continued to the tip, and of white scales on the 
stalk below; extm^a^tipofoluboElea dusky. Palpi with lon^ blackish 
hairs b^ow, short whitish hairs above, Brags dark brown, femora 
darker than tibi«e or yellowish-brown ; tibisa, especially anterior pair, 
flecked with gray. 

Wings above nearly uniform dark brown, the markings of the under 
Rurfoce of secoadbries appearing through, the whole outer margin deli- 
cately edged wiUi blaek; beneath, primaries a little paler, apex marbled 


1865.] 21 

witk hUek. and white ; aemndwim marblod witli bUolciali, bUckick- 
brown, grayiBh-oahmomos xad gnjidi-whiM, » broad duk middle 
baud eroMing the wing ; friage ftltemate browBtsh-white and blaokiBh- 
brown, the latter at the oerTiue tips, whoUj blaekiih>brgiru along the 
ioner edge of eeeondaries. 

Above. PrintarU* nnlfonn dnlt browaieb-ftueoas, more or less elightl; 
dnged widi ochraoeons; the whole costal edge, rerf narrowly at tip, 
marked with blaokish-bniwii and grajish-wkite, geDerally quite dis- 
tinctly^; in cell 5 oeeasioiially a minnte gray-paprlled eye Bonierimea 
barely disoemible; abont one out of Stc of these under exarainatkni 
have it, though tbU number mdudea all which bare the mereet dot; the 
markings of the under side show through slightly al the apex. Sreon- 
riariet: the tnarkingB of the noder snri^ce invariably appear upon the 
upper with eousidersble diBtinctuess, m much, and generally urore 
so than iu C. Oeno; the basal half of about the same vnifbrm lint as 
the primaries, or a shade darker, in the outer half more or less dis- 
tincdy mottled with gisyiih-fiiscouB and brown isfa-fusoons, sometimes 
darker next the margin. Beneath. I^mariet sli^tty paier than the 
upper surface; the ooet«l border is marked with blackish and whitish, 
usually increasingly so away frsm the base, broadening iutc a spot at 
the apex, which, however, does not osually encroach on (he fiflib cell, 
except to form a similar border to the outer margin as far as the second 
median nervule ; the eye when present is repeated below; just ss mi- 
nutely but generally distinctly white-pupilled; the onlyoCher marking 
which is generally seen upon all specimens is a dusky broad band bor- 
dering the outer limits of the oell, which is most dietiuct at ita outer 
borders, one along the- cross-nervole closing the cell, the other beyond 
not quite parallel to it, bat rather more nearly at rigliti amgles to the 
costftl border ; thu band eiteada to the third median nervule, or if it 
exists beyond it, it is either continued on as a ^eoa» blotch' to the 
second median nervule or the darker streak of the out«r margin' only 
is bent towards the base subparallel to tJie outer margin of the wing* 
and eoatjnuQB as far as the first median nervule. Besides these, how- 
ever, there is usually a freckling of the wing with brown, eitlier nni- 
I'ormly distributed or most frequently more distinotiy on the outer half 
and especially the upper portion of it, or BometimE» confined to the 
outer half only, sometimes olustering into short ti&nsveree streaha, 
especially between the axtfemity of the oell aud. the outer margin. 
'Secondaries : basal portion marbled wilb blaoknsh or blaokiafa-brown 
and grayish-whit«, very eddom ojaifbrmly distributed, the latter oon^i-- 


22 [JrLT 

cnoiu only as a band bordariug the middle band, broadest next the costal 
border, the latter generally entirely obacnriDg the rest of 
I the baaal field and Bometimes qnite or almcet oblitemting 

I the grayish band, the middle band very broad, colored 

A more nnifonnly than in moet of the allied apedes, and 
J darker in proportion to the rest of the wing tbaa is usu- 
ally the case ia the other species, marbled with blickish 
and grayish-fuBCODS, occaeionally tinged slightly with ochraceonB, the 
black condensing along the borders iota narrow bands, the rest of the 
band generally nearly uniform in tint and not often deepening in color 
from the middle; the inner border in passing from the costal margin 
is generally bent outwards before reaching the subcoetAl nervure with 
u slight generally angular pit, and then passing the subcostal nervure 
by bot a little space is bent very deeply into a V-shaped, occasionally 
U-shaped depression, extending nearly to the inner border, the bot. 
torn of the depresuon reaching nearly, very seldom quite, to the origin 
of the first median nervule; I have one specimen where the inner 
border crosses the wing with but a slight trace of any depression ; the 
usual direction of the outer border may be said to be that of two nearlj' 
or quite straight creuulate lines, bent upon the third median nervule 
as fiir beyond the extremity of the cell as the width between the ner- 
vules at this point, at an angle of about 95 — 90 degrees, occasionally 
projecting into a slender tooth at this point, one end of the band strik- 
ing the costal border at snob a point that a line drawn from it at right 
singles to the margin would strike about midway between the origin of 
the second and third subcostal nervules, the other strikiog the inner 
border at a point as fitr from the tip of the first median nervule as that 
is from the middle of the interspace between the tips of the second 
and third median nervules; this angle is, however, often obscured by 
a more or less r^;ular curve to the whole line, which again is now and 
then indented in a similar manner to C. Oeno, but it almoet Invariablv 
shows a tendency to return to this angular appearance, and the con- 
tinuous haseward direction of the border as it approaches the costal 
margin is quite a peculiar feature in this species. 

Beyond the middle band the wing is marbled with blackiah-brown. 
grayish-ochraceouB and grayish-white, the latter almost always condensed 
and connected next the middle band to form a band bordering it, rarely 
tinged fkintly with bluish ; sometimes the blackish-brown is condensed 
into spots sitting upon the outer border; very seldom indistinct whitish 
dot« are present in the interspaces halfway between the middle bund 


1866.] £3 

aod the margia ; oooaMooally, thongh bnt very aeldom, the oater half 
of the wing ia uaiformly marbled throagkoat, sod in tome individuali 
the whole wiag Ib eorered with nearly nniform marbling, or is so ob- 
scured by blackish that the matkings u here desoribed are indietin- 
guiflhable, and in such oasea the aadar Burfaoe of the seoondarieB can- 
not be distinguished firom similar oases in C. Oeno; the nervures are 
not flecked with white. 

Thirty % , twenty-four J . 

Alpine summite of the White MonnttunB, New Hampebire, 6500 — 
6300 feet above the sea. 

(Harris remarksjn hiB lujnriouB InseotB, p. 304, that " it has also been 
seen on the Monadnock Mountain, and will probably be disooTered on 
the tops of high mountaina in our own State, if looked for at the proper 
season." Some other Satyrid must have been mistaken for this by the 
observer on Mt. Monadnock, I am very sure, though that mountain, 
with its barren summit, would be more favorable for its habitation than 
any in our own State, for the highest of these not only is wooded to the 
summit, but I have ascended it many times at all Beasona of the year, 
on entomological excursions, without meeting with this butterfly.) 

The first description and figure of this species was that given by Say 
in his American Entomology, plate 50. In this figure the secondaries 
are represented broader than in nature, und in the coloring it is not 
very accurate; the upper surface is not dark enough, and should not 
have the nervures so reddish as given there; the under sur&ce of the 
aeconduries never has so marked an infusion of ochraceous colors in the 
outer half, and when it is at all conspicuously present, it also eshibita 
it somewhat on the basal half; the character also of the markings on 
the basiil half is an unusual one, not representing the norm. 

The plate given in the republication of this work, with his other 
writings collected by Dr. LeConte, is one which was re-engraved for 
the work, the original being one of the few which were nnfortunately 
destroyed. As it is a faithful copy, the fkults of outltne are retained; 
it nas colored, however, from a specimen furnished by myself; the 
upper surface is thereby much improved, being in the main satisfactory; 
the under Burface of tlie secondaries i», however, even worse, if anything, 
than the original, the ground color being given as almost dull olivace- 
ous, and the marbling represented by coarse irregular blotching rather 
than by confluent, short, transverse streaks or bars; beyond the middl6 
band the darker colors are just where the lighter ones should be; whitish 
bands are ^ven only as v£ry narrowly bordering the middle band, as I 


24 [J«i.T 

bare never seen them, and the onter border of the middle band is that 
of ntber a peculiar variatioD, the exaot Donnterpart of wbioh-I do not 
remember to have nottoed anless when aoeompanied b; grayiah mark- 
ings tovard the onter border, entirely absent in this Bgnre; something 
near it, however, is seen in those forms which show most reeembUnoe 
to C. 0«K>. 

The desoription giren hj Harrie in the poethnmoos edition of big 
work on Injarions Insects is inaccurate in stating that the male differs 
fi-om the female in baring the wings '' paler and with more of an ochre- 
yellow tint" The figure is quite good for a. wood out, bat the mark. 
ingB of the outer half of the seoondaries beneath are too coarsely repre- 
sented, and the specimen from which it was figured, probably f\irtiiBhed 
by myself, unfortunately again represents one in vbioh the inner mur- 
^n of the middle baud, and tbe whole basal field is quite obscured by 
blackish ; the outer mai^a of the middle baud is well represented and 

The figure given by myself in my paper on tbe Insects of tbe White 
Mountains ia much more satisfactory, and, indeed, leaves little to be 
desired that oould be given in a plate of that kind. One or two pwuts, 
however, may be mentioned : it ia exceedii^ly seldom that specimens 
are seen with a narrow black band between the middle band and tbe 
base of the wing on tbe under side of secondaries; the inner mai^in of 
the middle band has in the figure an unusually shallow depression on 
tbe median nervure not nearly reaching ite first branch ; the outer 
mai^n of the same is not bent so abruptly as usual, and extends even 
further than usual up the costal border ; and lastly, the upper side of 
primaries should not have so distiuct a lighter outer half, sinc^ the color 
is nearly uniform, but the outer half should be represented as dark as 
the base; in the secondaries tbe diaphanous markings of the onder 
side make the difference. 

Or. Bebr having expressed (Proo. Calif. Aead. Nat. Sc. III. 165) 
tus doubts about the feeding plant of Qiionobat iemiiiea, in cnasequence 
of some indefinitenesB in my statement that they fed on a lichen {Pel- 
tigera eaniita Hdtm.'), I will state what I know in r^ard to them more 
eiplieitlj. I have new found more than six or eight speoimens, and 
f^ these not more than half alive; those found alive were always fonnd 
i^ion this fleshy liohen, but were never seen aiitnally eatiog it, though 
if s^ memovy serves me aright,* the liohen in one case had been eaten 

• I did not then knew the pouible doubt of their feeding on aDjihing die 
tban Konoeotjlsdoni, aa let fbrth b^ Dr. Behr. 


1865.]; 25 

at the edges; tlie adrcvw drcnmetfiDces happening to attend tbe effort 
to rear them in the valley below were enough to account for mj want 
of BUCCCM. Mr. F. G. Sanborn haa msoe duoovered them, Bome drowned 
in pools of water, bnt all living ooee crawling ahont on the rocks where 
this lichen grows, thongh never feeding. 

In a paper already referred to, entitled " Remarks on some chuw)- 
teristics of the Insect Fauna of the White Mountains, N. H," when 
speaking cf this inseot, I remarked aa follows: "whether or not it ie 
distinct from tboee of Oreenl&nd and Labrador, or the numerous, but 
most closely allied epeciea which have been described aod figured from 
northern Europe, T cannot, from the oonfusion in which the spe- 
cies of this genus appear to be, and for the want of any specimens from 
other qnarters, at present determine, bnt sntisfy tnyaelf, on this oocs- 
aion, with a more detailed description of the species than has yet been 
given, only suggesting, that should it ultimately prove to be distinct, 
it will only be u case aaalagous to what we find in the species next to 
be mentioned," i. e. the presence upon the barren summits of a species 
of Ai^nnis {A. Montinut Scodd.), distinct from, thongh closely allied 
to A. Boitduvalu Somm., found farther north. Only a month or two 
afterwards Moschler's Memoir on the genus Chionobat in Europe ap- 
peared, in which the species described by previous authors were treated 
to a thorough revision, so that every difficulty from that source van- 
ished, and at the present time the opportunity of examining quite a 
number of individuals from various parts of this country, belonging to 
all the hitherto described species recognised on the oontinent, baa sat- 
isfied me that the oonjeoture ventured there is fully established; but I 
have found that the description last given by me, though " more de- 
tailed" than any previous one, was etill not explicit enough to be need 
satisfactorily in distjogniebing it from the allied species, and have 
therefore presented one here which will be sufficient, I hope, for that 

It is more nearly allied to C. Oeno than to any other Chionobai, the 
two being true representative species rather than what I have termed 
equivalent species or species of replacement (Froo. Boat. Soo. Xat. Hiat. 
IX. 106) ; it is, moreover, more nearly allied to those fbrms of the spe- 
cies which have been called C. Oeno by Boisduval than to those he 
would place in C. Aho, although he referred it to bis 0. AUo. 

Cki«niAaa Neeadawa Boiadaval H8., Behr, Froc. Calif. Aoad. Nat Bo. III. 183. 
Another species of Vhvmobat is referred to by Dr. Behr in his in- 
teresting "Notes on Cslifomian Satyrides" (1. c. pp. 168 — 166) not 


26 [July 

yet desoribed, but named in MS. by Boieduval Ne.Ba-lemU. Dr. Behr 
says : " A few apecimeas of this new &nd as yet undescribed Ckiiinob'i» 
vere caught by Mr. LorqaiQ, the diaeoverer of the species, and named 
by Dr. BotsdiiTal. Not possesaing a single specimen of this rare spe- 
cies, I am Dot able to give a diagnosis, and have oaly an Indistinct reoot- 
lection, that the speoiee bore most resemblance to the QeroDtogeic CT. 
Tarpeja, a Siberian species that has also been found on the sammit of 
the Apennines, In Italy, bat that in size it ts superior to any Ghioiiolxif 
known to me." 

Taking for granted that my views in regard to the distinction of tlie 
species of this genus in North America are just, and that Moscbler has 
correctly stated the value of the difierences he has noticed among those 
of Europe, with the exception of his separation of the individuals be- 
longing to C. Oeno into two species { and AUo), and admitting the 
exactitude of his assertions — and those of many others — that several 
species of the genus are oommoij to tbe subarctic regions of either side 
of the Atlantic — we must picture to ourselves the genus Chionvbtu as 
composed of butterflies of a sombre appearance nearly uniform in color- 
ation upon their upper surface, beneath brightened by blackish and 
and whitish contrasting colors, so arranged upon the secondaries as to 
form a band crossing the middle of the wing, of varying width and 
direction; the species inhabiting inhospitable regions, either (1) as far 
toward the poles as where the snow lies upon the surface of the ground 
by far the greater portion of the year, or (2) far above the limit of the 
trees growing upon the sides of lofty mountains in the temperate re- 
^ons; and as to the geographical distribution of the specie.*, either (1) 
common to the arotio regions of both sides of the Atliintie, the indivi- 
duals of each species compassing the same range and char>icter of vari- 
ation upon either side, some (a) found throughout the arctic regions 
over a nearly continuous belt of country {0. Jutta, C. Bore); others 
(b) found at the extremes and not in the intermediate countries, such 
as Greenland ( 6'. Oeno) ; or (2) confined to the arctic regions of En- 
rope and not found io America ((7. Norma, 0. SctiUln, C. Tarpeja) or 
(3) to the same regions of America and not found in Europe ( C. Calait), 
or lastly (4) confined to the alpine districts of mountains rising in tem- 
perate latitudes on either one or the other continent (Europe C AeUo ; 
Eastern America C. temideti ; Western America C. €kri/jma). The 
question then naturally arises, what relations of structure do the species 
of these different localities and varying range of habitat bear to one 
another? It has been asserted that species existing over a wide range 


1866.] ^ 27 

of coantry sre more variable than those limited to a smaller area, and 
some arguments have beeo based npoa this and umilar assertioas by 
those who would maintain the derivative the<ny of the origin of species; 
on this assumption, &nd in general, if holding the derivative view, we 
would conustently maintain it, we ehonld expect to find (1) that C. 
Jutla and C. Bore were the moat variable ; (2) C. Otw> following next 
in that particular, with its transatlantic and cisatlantic memhere exhi- 
biting among themselves some sli^t characters by which in some inde- 
scribable way, but with coaHiderable certainty, the one could be sepa- 
rated from the other; (3) that 0. semidea, restricted as it is so far as 
we know to an extremely meagre patch of country, would show the least 
variationof any, followed closely in that respect by C.Aello; and finally 
(4) that there wonid be close agreement between C. ietnidea and some 
Labrador — and probably purely Labrador — speoies, the relationship 
being of a similar kind to that exhibited by C. AeUo to some North 
European — and probably purely European — species. In point of feet 
almost the exact opposite appears to be true. Moschler says of what 
he calls C. Aho, that it varies more in dengn and coloring than any 
other species of the genns, and therefore more than C. Julia or 6'. Bore. 
How much more must this be true when we combine with it in one 
species what he describes as C. Oeno; and yet in the species of nar- 
rowest domain, and probably of as Hmit«d a geographical area as any 
species of butterfly in the world, 6'. gemidea, we find a range of varia- 
tion almost, if not altogether, as great as is discoverable in 0. Oeno in 
its largest sense, as I have used it. We find no difference in the indi- 
viduals of C. Oeno from one side of the Atlantic compared with those 
on the other, any more than we do in C. Jutta and 0. Bore, though 
sufficient attention has not yet been paid to this point. There is also 
a close agreement between C. seiaiilea and a Labrador species, C. Oeno, 
closer than that which exists between 0. Oeno and any other species 
in Labrador; but C. is not exclusively an American species, and 
although the European alpine species, C. AeUo, is most allied to a purely 
Enropean species, C. Noma* it is not so closely related to it as the 
arctic Enropean species are among themselves. We thus see that the 
relations of the alpine to the arctic species on the two continents are 
nearly the reverse ; that while the American alpine species agrees very 
closely with a species not purely Labrodorian, slighter affinities than 
ordinary bind the European alpine species to a strictly North European 
or to a purely Labrador one. 

■ Though I am in considerable douht whether it has not more aCBaitiee with 
C. Calaia, the purely Labrador species. 


28 [August 

It wonld leem, too, as tf the relatione of these inrcets to the sar- 
TOanding world, the levers by meftos of which Derirktists sappose Nat- 
nr&l SeleotioD to nioye the World of Life, were more eonstant than 
nsaal in species of this genns, oonfiDed as it is (and as no other genus 
of Dinrn&l Lepidoptera is) to alpine and arctic regions, and especially 
if LioheDS are the food-plaot of all of them, as I beliere is die case 
with 0. Ktnidea. 

Botton Society of ITatural HitlOTg, Mag 5, 1865. 

ov son nw btboies or pbxlaphidx. 

{.QmimHtieaUd Jafy lOtt, ISAG.) 

Entirely new fbrms of this interesting family of Coleoptera are daily 
discovered, and it seems necessary to settle the question, at least with 
some of them, in order not to be behind time. 

By the kindness and liberal assistance of the heroes of American 
Entomology, Dr. John L. LeConte of Philadelphia, and Henry Ulke of 
Washington, D. G., I was enabled to acquaint myself with forms till 
lately unknown, besides those I collected in different parts of the U. S. 
Encouraged by so dutingnished Entomologists, I undertook to describe 
the following forms, oommencing with the only genus of Europe till 
now not known to be represented on this Continent. 

Antennse distantee in fossa ante oculos insertte 11-articulatse. 
Palpi mazillares ^^artioulati, artioulo primo filiform! seoundo ola- 
▼ato, tertio globuloso, quarto magno securiformi. 
Abdomen marginatum. 
Thorace aubgloboaus, basi angustatus. 
Tarsi monodactyli. 

I. B. ■OBatai.-'FuBco-rufuB, pubeBcene anbtiliasime punctulatue, capita bifo- 
veato, A-onta emarglnato, thorace globoBO, truncato, uaiforeato, elytris con- 
reiis, abdomiDe breri marginaCo. Long 1.2 mill. metr. 

Bythino macropalpi Europse simillinta. Fusco-rufus, brevissime pu- 
bescens. Caput Iseve, vertice stigmatibus binis leviter impressis, fronte 
snlcj transversali inconspicuo leviter impressa, ooulia paulo promintilis. 
Antenuse breviosculee, in fovea snb frontis marginc insertse, pubescentes. 
articuloprimosequenti majors, hociterum majore tertio, 3 — dtequalibue. 
rotundatis, lOmo transverso obconico, ultimo maximu. influto, ovato. 
Palpi maxillari minutee. articulo prime et seoundo filiforutbus, tertio 


1S65.] 29 

globoeo miDnto, quarto magDo fere seouriformi. Thorax globoaiu ad 
baain truocatoa Uevis, paroe pubesoeng, lona basali pnnoUtA et foreola 
basali mediana ornatne. Elytra subtilimime inoonepicne punctulaU, 
latitadine longiora, convexa, stria dorsali nulla, stria snturali Integra, 
hmneria rotuodatia pendentibus. Abdomen mai^inatum pabesoena, 
ineonspicna punctDlHtum. Tibite postion arctutn, taraia monodactylis. 
Habitat Lodoviciaaam et Virg^niam. 

1. B. aarlaatai.— Piceus pubeaceoe punct&tuB, capite carinato, foreis dnabuB 
ante oeuloB leviter iQipreeais, aDtronum bdIco conjunatil ; fronte kcuminato; 
thorace subgloboBa, foreii Biibba»>1ibue ttibun bqIco conjunctis. Antannifi II- 
BrticaUtia, Long I.6B mill. metr. 

Elongatos, piceua, pabescens. Caput pentagon«1e ad biuia tmnca- 
tnm dense pnnctatum, medio carinatum, carina postice dilatata, utrin- 
que late foTeatnm, foveia suloo antrorsntn angutato leviter impreBm 
oonnezis, fronte acnmioato. Anlflante insertse in fovea sab tVontis 
mnrgine, articnlis duobos primis magnia, longitndine 4 Bequentibna 
aeqDantibua, articulo primo cylindriiio longigsimo, 2i>d'> incraaaato glo- 
boso, 3. — 5. oblongia »qualibns minoribue, 6. — 8. teqoalibus globoais, 
Quo 10">o que lato gradatim incraagittja tntaaTerBis, ultimo majore avato, 
articulis ultimig tribos loHgitudiue duabns primia sqoalibna. Palpi 
masillures articulo primo filiformi, 2ii<lo clavato tertio globow, quarto 
aeourifurttii mugno. Thorax snbrotundos latitndine vix longior, lat«ri- 
bne in medio rotundatim subaogutatus, tmncatus pnnctatoa, ad buin 
trifoveatus, foveia suico angalatim coanexis, leviter impressia. Elytra 
thorace fere duplo iatiora, antioe angsntata, conveza, punct&ta ad 
apicem truncata pauIo declivia, atria dorsal! aat« medium deeinente, 
stria sutaralo int«gra. Abdomen parce pnnctatum, pubescens, margi- 
natum, eegmento primo majore. Pedes pnuctati, tibiie pone medium 
arcuatis. Tarsi mooodactyli. 

Specimen nnicnm a Henrico UIke in Pennsylvania defectum. 
8KTAXIB, Le»elL. 

AntenRSB basi modioe diabmtes, in fossula snbfrontis niargiue ineertte. 

Palpi maxillarea 4-artioakti artioolo -tl* fusiform!. 

Mentum cordatum baei aaguetittam. 

Abdmnen marginatum articulo l"if nuyore. 

Tarsi unguionlo aingulo. 

3. B. laabra. — "igsr, pnnclAtuB, antennia pedibusqiie rufis, capita punctato 
^-foTeato, thorace conflaente, forte punctate, trifoveato, etjtrJB nitidis punc- 
tulatis, abdomine leavj pabeacenie. Long 1.33 mill. metr. 

Stature B. propinqnse. Caput dense punotulatum, foveis duabus 
ante ocnlos instructis, fovea altera in frontis margine impresea, anten- 

na oyGoOt^lc 

80 [August 

nis prufie ll-articnlatns. Thorax soaber Tel deDsiwime panctstns ad 
basin foveu tribua inconaplcuie, fovea mediana miuori. Elytra aabti- 
liasime dease puDOtnlata nltida, teaaiBBimo pube brevi piovisa, atria 
iloraali pone medium abbreviata. Abdomen lieve, paroe et breviter 

Femina ant«n)iie brevioribus differt. 

Habitat in Insula longa Novoboracenei. 

i. B. Minvta.— Rafa, miDUtisaime punctuUta, Ata»e pabeeci 
iusertionem autennarum imprcBBO, thomce unifoveato eljtrig 
mine brevi. Long 1.1 mill. laetr. 

Caput peatagonale, convexnm, fronte emai^gioato, Antennse eub 
iTDDtis margins lateral! Id fossuk inaertse, artioolie duobua primie ob- 
longis majoribus 3 — 8 minatis sequalibus monilifonnibuB, 9°" lOmo que 
grada^m majoribus, ultimo ovato, longitndiue penultimia dnobuB seqaa* 
libiu. Palpi masUIares artioulo tertio globooo, 4to fusiformi. Thorax 
hirtua, rotundatua, convexus, truncatuB, punctulatns, in basis medio 
foTea minnta instructus. Elytra latitndine vix longiora, pnbeaoens, 
inmibile tenuiter punotulata, stria dorsali brevissima ant« partem 
quarlam abbreviata. Abdomea densiuB pabeeceDS, segmento primo 
majore, bistriato, striis brevissimis. 

Differentia sexuum me evadit 

Habitat in Ludoviciana et ffovo Eboraco. 

5. S. eaTieomli. — Klongato, rufa, thoroce punctulato, foveiB tribua interme- 
dia minore; elytriB sabtiliter puncCulatis, antonnaruDi arttculo ultimo triaa- 
gulari, emarginato. Long 2 mill, inetr. 

Bryasi Innigerie simitlima, antennarum astern artioulis ulUmis tribus 
essentialiter difiert. Antennarmn articnlo primo obconico, 2. — 4. pre- 
cedent gradatim miaore, 5— S subsequali, 9i>o majore, transverse ob- 
conico, 10°>» prsBcedend daplo tongiore emarginato, fere reniformi. 
ultimo maximo triangulari, emarginato, non dissimili artioQlo ultimn 
palporum Tmeaiphori. 

Speoimina mascuIiDa duo in Virginia dedecta a Clar. Henrico Tllke. 

Palpi maxillares 4-articnlatse, articnlo i^ fusiformi. 
Mentum basi angustatum. 
Thorax unifoveatns vel laevis. 
Abdomen marginatum, articnlo primo majore. 
Femora mediana maris pins vel minus armat». 
Tarsi monodactyli. 
Genus novum separatam a genere " Brjaxia." 




BTj/arii abtutrmU, Lea. 
Mas femoriboa intermediis supra tuberoaitate obsoleta provisa differ) . 

T. D. longnlnm. 

Bryaxii lotufola, Lee- 
Mae femoribus intermediis supra exciaiB, spina brevi fonuantibus 

8. D. tmnimti- 

BryazU formieeH, Lee. 
Mas femoribus intermediis, supra in medio spina valida provisa 

9. D. Minutmn. — Bubro tostaoea, elongata impunctuta, pabeleens, capite 
sonlpb), thorace aubglaboso, trunoalo, levi, eljtrii paulo oonTezia, abdommis 
■egmento prirao cBriaa transversa buali. Long l.SO mill. metr. 

Statun eloDgata Batriso aimilis, mtnoB convexa. Caput quadratum 
angnlis rotundal^, fronte sulco antrorsnm semiciroulari, leviter emar- 
ginato, vertioe in medio tuberoulo transverse oblongo, spinoso, occipite 
forte subito elevate, elevatioue antice profdode emarginata, in cornna 
dua prodncta. Antennte pilosse lO-articulatse, capitis thoracisque lon- 
^tndine, articulo primo et secundo majore fere squali, <{t:io minore 
oblongo, 4to majore lou^tudine primo eaquali, 4 sequeatibue teqaalibuH 
minimis, globnlosis, nono traneverso majore, ultimo maximo, ovato, 
aouminato. Palpi minimi artioulo secundo cylindrico, S^io globoso, 
4'<' ovato acnminato. Thorax aubglobosus, politus, paroe pubesoens, 
impunctatUB, basi suloo transverse inoonapicao. Elytra parce pnbes- 
oentia, stria dorsali ^te medium abbreviata. Abdomen pubesoens, 
segmento primo ad basin carina trutsversa utrinqne abbreviata in- 
Btruoto. Pedes pnbesoentes, monodactyli. 

Femina capitis sculptnra ol>soleta antenais que simplioibus difiert 
Habitat in IHinois et Pennsylvania. Specimen nnicum mascullnum 
in oolleotione mea alterum femiainnm in Coll. Dom Henrici Ulke. 

10. D. iti^mMlua. — Castanenm dense breviter pubesceuB pnuctatum, capite 
pnnctato, planiuacalo, stigmatibus minutis qaatuor semictrculariter dinposUis, 
tborace rotnndsto, unifoveaUi, e1;tris convexiueaulis, punctatis. Long l.TU 
mill. metr. 

StatuTs elongata, dense breviter pubesceos, pnnctatnm. Caput dense 
pnnetatnm, plano-convexiusculum, tronte ad margiaem ant«riorem fo- 
veis minntJB qnatuor semicircularlter dUpositis. Antennae arrieulo 
1 — 8 moniliformibua senaim deminutivis 9n<i subgloboso majore, Itjmo 
maximo ovato. Thorax lateribua rotundatia, anbtiliaaime punctatus, id 
basi medio untfoveatus, pubescena. Elytra punctata breTiseime pubes- 


82 [August 

oene, striis doraaliboB fere int^ris. Abdomen segmento primo atrini|uc 

jnxU margiDam imprasso, bistriato. 

Mas femoriboB niediaaia apice anguste profundeque exciso, 
Femina femoribos integris, antennarum articulie nltioiia niinoribiis 


Habitat Novnm Eboracnm. 

II. S. •ziMtam.^PicsuDi politum irapuDctatum, paree piloaum ; opiM blfo- 

ve&to, Bulcato ; thorace obcordaki, uuifoveato, eljtria rubropiceU, abdamitip 
polito, segmento primo bistriato. Long 1.70 mill. metr. 

Statnra Brjazis snbtilis, impuDctatum poHtum. (]aput trapezuideuni 
miDnta trifoveatum, fovea froaUli miDUtisaima cum alteris sulco oopil- 
lare obsoleto ooDoexB. Thorax obcordutiu, truooatus, politus parce 
pllosoe ad basin fiivea panctiformi. Elytra poUta convexa, stria dur- 
stli leviter impressa, ad spicem obsoleta, ad basin dilutata, huoieris 
pendentibiu. Abdomen pilosum, politum impunctatum. segmento primo 
tenaiseime bistriato, atriis fere integris. Anteonse articalo prinio Cyltn- 
diico, articulia sequentibos subaequalibua seDsitn demiDutipia, artuculiK 
ultimis tribuB gradatim majoribus, ultima maximo ovali. Femora diln- 
tat». Tibiee pauto arcuaUe. 

Mas femoribuB intermediia a medio excisis, spina valida. 

Femina femoribus int«gris. 

Preecedenti simitis, soalptura tamen polita, imptinctata, pube lonp:!) 
erecta et femoribus maris a medio exciaia aine difficuttate distingnendus. 

Habitat Novum Eboracnm et Pennsylvaniara. 

Caput piano convexum tenue ioconapicue pnnotulatum dense pilosum. 
Antenuffi oapite thoraceqne longiorea, dense pubeacent«8, artionlie 3 — 5 
saqnaliboB, 6to globuloso pauto majore septimo. 7 — d"" gradatim majo- 
ribus, lOno maximo ovali. Thorax Totundatua nnifoveatas, pito^iu^. 
Elytra stria dorsali pauIo obliqoa, postice obsoleta, inconepiono punc- 
tnlata. Abdomen segmento primo majore, tenuiter bistriato, impnnc- 
tatum. Mas ignotus. 

SpeoieBum adhno det«ctarum maxima. 

Speoimen Qnionm delictum in Pennsylvania a Dom. LeConte. 


xoxii ov ovakm atninainM. 


CarAtoT of Enlamolagjr, BnlBdo Sooiety Natnntl SelenoN, tta. 

the lepidopterous iosecte which form the subject matter of the pre- 
sent Notice, are contaiDed in the CollectioD of the Entomologioal Society 
of Philadelphia, and were obtained by porcbase, together with other 
very lat^ eatomolc^cal material, from Prof. Poey of Havana, Cuba, 
through the liberality of the late esteemed scieDdst Dr. Thomas B. 
WilsoQ, and intended by the latter for the aoiendfic usea of the 

My uncere thanks are given to Mr. Stephen Calverley, for bibliog- 
noBtic information, which I have used in wiiting the present Notice, 
I am also grateful to my friend Ooleman T. Robinson, Esq., for mate- 
rial aid received, while, with accustomed kindness, Mr. EzraT. Cresson, 
the well-known Entomologist, has lent me his very acceptable as- 

Sinoa my present comprehension of the limit of the family Sphin- 
gida accords with that given at sufficient length by Br. Brackenridge 
Clemens in an able treatise, entitled " Synopsis of North Amerioan 
Spbingidse," published in the Journal of the Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia, pp. 97 to 189, for 1859, I do not add, where 
I oonld only encumber, to a definition the perspicacity of which I 
mnoh admire. I present but a few remarks, drawn partly from the - 
peculiar locality of the insects that I am about to notice, for conside- 

As understood in the treatise I have above alluded to, this family 
constitutes a perfect unity, which it loses, when, under any artificial 
term, we include either the jEgeriidm {Sesi0se) or the Zi/i/eenidx, 
families in wbioh analogical resemblances — with the one under present 
Oonsiderati(^, have been mistaken for structural affinities.* 

In examining the representatives of the family Sphinyidie from the 
Weet India Islands, we are etntok vrith the preponderance of those 
genera whioh resemble the Koctuidee; in contrast with the rspresen- 

* " Annlherangen wie Z. B. die der Seaioideen (^gerlidie) uad Zygeeueii 

(ZjgniiidM) an die Bphinginen (Bphingidn) und dgl- balte ioh gera- 

dsiD nir unriohtig." H-B. Lepidop. Eiot. nov. a. u. cog. p. AS. 


84 [AuauBT 

tadree of the family &om the more northern parts of the Korth Ameri- 
oan Continent where the genera allied to the Bombyoidae are more 
largely prevalent As we progress towards the tropios, the Sphingida, 
jEgeriidm, Zygmnidx and Noetuidee, afford the preponderant lepidop- 
terons expression, while the extensive family of Bombyeidse loeea iu 
oharaoter, developed nnder a eolder climate, and becomes a more nnim- 
portant feature in the entomological taona of the Torrid Zones. 

I have consulted in the preparation of titis notice, in addition to the 
illostrative works of the earlier anthors, whose indifferent fignres serve 
but too frequently to di^^ise specific names, the following classifioa- 
tory works, whioh I now briefly refer to. 

In 1816 Httbner pnblisbed bis " Terzeiohaiss," * a work which has 
received most ungenerous and defective criticism, "f" since, for the age 
in which he wrote, Htibner was greatly advanced in his conception of 
generic values, J and his critics have occupied themselves but too fre- 
quently in creating generic synonyms at his expense, and in some in- 
tances with less feli<nty of limitation. 

Htibner used the external aooessories of a genus, without giving the 
stmctDial form itself, to limit his generic separations. He was satisfied 
to record the superficial dissonaooe of distinctive structural form, with- 
out asoerUinIng the fundamental divergence that caused that form to 
vary in its entiety of physical expression. Coloration was not received 
by him clearly as an idea independent of the Pattern of Ornamenta- 
tion; It Is this latter which more distinctly goes hand in hand with 
generic structure In Zoiiit^ ; the first Is an independent specific value, 
or, in an extended sense, a family characteristic. 

Less fortunate, perhaps, than in the Bombyoidse, Hiibner has arranged 
much discordant material under his genera in the present family, and 
many of his generic terms are consequently useless. This has probably . 
arisen from his being antoptioally unacquainted with very many of the 
species he has endeavored to arrange systematically, while the figures 
he was In consequence obliged to rely on, frequently allowed from their 

■ VerzeichnisB bekonnter Schmetterlinge, verTasBt von Jacob Habner, Augs- 
burg, isie. 

t For insbtace; "J£i da multiplier cbb examplaa, psrce que, je le rSpSte, 
on parait Touloir aujourd'hui 4rigerle Vtnaduuu en autoritj, et j'avaia besoin 
d'indeqner pontqnoi j« le eoaaidire, avea mon oolaborateur, oomme una mnvre 
nona venue, et pourquoi, js ne me suis point cm oblig^ plus que lia, d'employer 
leg noms g^D^riques, aouveat rudes ou burleaqnei, de oet ouvrage mart n J." 
Oaeu^ Koct 1, p. Izziv. 

\ Packard, Notai on the Family Zygnnldie. "Sroe. Eaaes Ins. (ISSt.) 


1865.} 85 

mdenesa s wide latitnde of interpretation. I need no exease for using 
ha generic teim Eritai^, nnder which he has arranged perfectly 
homogenooB material ; the elimination of the very natural genera 
Ambulyx and Phtlampelvt had escaped his penetratdan. 

In 1839 Dr. Harris pnblished his " Catalogue of North American 
Sphinges."* In this the author has erected the genera Phiiampeliu 
and Oeratomia. The systeraatio generic anangement is I believe de- 
fective, while nuder the t«rm " Sphinges," distinct families are massed 
tc^ether, in acoordance with an idea which originated with Linnnns, 
although these are really destitute of structural affinities, as I have 
already stated. 

In 1856 Hr. Walker revised this Family in the " Catalogue of Lepi- 
doptera Heterocera," published by the British Museum. Still retain- 
ing the ^geriidee as part of a Dirision whieh cannot rank as a Family, 
the Sphingidx Kte introdooed in conjunction with foreign elements, 
and not received as a Family equivalent to the Zygsaxidse, Bomin/cidm, 
or other natnral Bssooiatians of genera as understood by Latreille, and 
to which the latter gave the proper significance of a Family name. 

The arrangement of the genera, and the description and identification 
of the species, appear to me generally felicitous and satisfactory; the 
style in which the subject is treated by Mr. Walker, the industry 
shown in the compilation of the synonymy and the conscientiousness 
displayed in investigsting questions of priority are worthy of acknow- 
ledgement, while the evident endeavor to insist on generic values, con- 
trasts favorably with the looseness in generic reference displayed by 
many writers on the Lepidoptera. 

From my material I have been able to differ from Mr. Walker, as 
will be seen by a reference to the synonymy I have adopted, as to cer- 
tain of bis specific determinations. 

In the same year (1856) in which that Part of the British Museum 
Lists which contains the Sphiuf^dss was issued, Prof. Bnrmeisterf 
published a quarto pamphlet on the Sphingidsa of Brazil. 

In this the genera Protoparoe and Dilophonota are erected, neither 
of which I have adopted, for the reasons that the latter is a generic 
term erected at the expense of Erinnyii, Hiibner, while the former 

* Descriptive Catalogue of the Korth American Ineecta belonging to the Lin- 
nsean genns Sphinx, in the Cabinet of Thaddeus WiUiam HbttIb, M. D., Libra- 
rian of Harvard UnlTereitj. Amerioan Jonrnal of Bcienoe and Arta, No. I, 
Vol. SB. 

t BjstamBtiBohe Ueberaicht der Bphingidie Braeiliens, von Profeeaor Bar- 
meisler. Halle, ISSfl. 


86 [Aoorer 

oomee into oontaot irith Maero*3a, Boisd. KpaA Walker, fnaod »t the 
same time, and I have given in the syaonymy thton^oat the prefe- 
rence to Mr. Walker. Prof. BnrmeiBter'a geoeni seem feebly ohuiui- 
terized, prolnbl; from vant of extended material and needftil diaseo- 
tional Stady, while his reference of Fachglia fietu, to DeUephila, of 
Ohi^ocampa terta to PhUam^ehtt, affords tittle pretMioe fbr orerlook- 
ing the priority of Htlbner, on the score of defeotive generic apprecia- 
tion. The definition of the gentu Proloparee ia, I think, incomplete, 
while it is evidently Intended as a qmonym of Maerotila Boisd. Based 
on Sphinx ruttica Cramer, the Professor enumerates ander it S. 
Bronte* Drury, 8. ByUeat Drury, S. pUbeia Fab., 8. tordtda Harris, 
and S. etmi/erarwm A. & 8., a singular material to select, when we see 
that nnder 8phinx the Professor leaves S. Animus Dniry, 8. Fhrettan 
Cram., S- eitigviaia Fab. and S. Carolina L. 

An affinity with AcKerontia is claimed for the genus so oonstitnted, 
which I am at a loss to peraeire, and am decidedly of opinion does not 

I hare already alluded above to the " Synopsis of North Amerioaa 
Spfaingidse" of Dr. Brackenridge Clemens. The arrangement of the 
genera in this work I have mainly followed in the present Notice, and 
since the locality of the species I am considering is restricted, I have 
had this further reason for abstaining iVom making any innovation. 
The sequence of the genera in the " Synopsis" ia fi)anded on that of 
Mr. Walker in the Cat. B. Mas., and is mainly that of Htiboer, com- 
mencing with 8e»ia, Macroglotmm, and genera showing analogies with 
the ..Hgeritdse. I have differed from the specific determinations of Dr. 
Clemens in certain cases, — for instance in the genus Pkiiamptlut, where 
I believe that P. vilit and F.juisieuee are perfectly distinct and valid 
species and that the specimens described by Dr. Clemens under P. vifin 
belong to P.junieum, and vice versa, etc. But, very generally. Dr. Cle- 
mens has taken the bibliography of the species from Mr. Walker, so 
that where I have differed from the-latter I have equally differed from 
our American lepldopterist. 

Respecting the larvae of the American Sphingidse much remains to 
be made known ; the paucity of reliable figures of these is particularly 
notioeable. I have observed that the larvie of Tkyrem abbotii Swains.. 
and certain species belonging to the genus PkUampelut Harris, possess 
a tint of brown or green indifferently at matnrity as the grounil color, 
and have noticed the same appropriation of these truly cosmical tints 
in the larva of the Bombyoid genus Eaclen Hiibner. In studying the 


1866.3 . 37 

relations which the Bub-femtly OeratoeampadK (to whieh the genera 
Oithertma Httbn. and Eaelet BUha. bdong) bears to && Sphingid . 
geiun Cbrafomut Harris, and to tlie S^hiagidts generally, aa in similar 
inatuicea, we divest omaelres of the idea that we have to do with a ao- 
called "oonneotiag Unk" between two distioot Families, and ^ree, 
that, as i> the oaae in Zoiilogio^ Orden, Anal^oos [Types in^ exist 
throngh whtuh leptdoptoroos Families express in their eomponent 
generic gronpe a certain etmformity with Uie leading eharaetera of a 
distinct family, wlule retMning the essential form proper to their own, 
and without losing true affinity in producing foretgn anal<^. It is 
evident that it is the larva of Ceratomia which mimics the Ckratocam- 
padm, aad not vice versa, slnoa the smooUi larval form of the Sphin- 
^dse borrows a character which is osnally developed in the Bomby* 
cidie, thoi^li peculiarly exaggerated in the sub-family which contains 
Anitota, Adeiocephala, Uithertmia and Eaclet.* 

Misled by an tnali^ of habit with the Hnmming Birds, the authors 
of the "Wiener yeTZeichniss"'f' have classed the Sphingtdn as the 
highest fuuily of the Lepidoptora, aad have eonaidered that in this 
analogy a sufficient value is demonstrated to allow of their juztsr-posi- 
tion with the Aves.^ An inspection of th^r illnstratod Frontispieces, on 
which the feedii^ Vertebrate and Artioolato are depicted side bj aide, 
teaches in a striking manner the value of the philosophical distanolions 
to be drawn between, and the ideas involved by, the terms "Analogy" 
and "Affinity." 

I ^ve here a few remarks and a generic desoription drawn ^om osr> 
tain members of this Family fbnnd within tJie limits of the United 
States and Canada. 

• I have etated (Proc Eat. Boe. Phllad., p. 310, IStS) that tlie larva of Cfeni- 
tomia simulates that of (XAenniai ia a greater degree, howerei, it slmDlates 
thatorfoc^, btlOQging to ths ume lab-family, in th« poaitioa, Bliap« and 
conBistoQcy of the donal hornlike tiiberdea on the anterior eegmenta. Tbe 
imago of Eaclet, hovrevet, ii nuah leii Bphini-like than that of CiVieronia, I 
have ^ken the larva of EaeU» imptrialis on ths "gum," Xiig^idamhar tfyra- 
eijtna, "beeoh," Fagttt femtginea, and " hor»»-che»tnut," ^Imtiiu \ippoeatta- 

t dar Bahmetterlinge det Wienergegend." 

X uad in dieser Ordnnng die Qattung der Honigsauger (Trochili) die 

letiCe Bteben kOnnte, wie ungeiwungen (1) vQrden eich unsere AbendBchmet- 
tarlinga daranschlieBsen. W. V. p. )9. 


38 [AoonsT 

LEPI8K8IA, nor. gen. 

A genoB hitherto confonnded with Macrogionum, bat more nearly 
allied to Sevia, fnxa wfaiofa it is however quite distiaot. The former 
genuB, of whiofa M. itellatamm is typical, is not refffesented in North 

Head smaller and more obtose than in Macroglotiwn, loosely scaled ; 
antennae afaorter, more prismatic. In Setia the head is mora rounded, 
and lT«er from the thorax, more advanced ; the antennsa are mnoh 
loiter and more robust ; vertex namnver ; the clypens is shorter, epi- 
cranium broader, giving the head a more oonioal appearanoe. In the 
present genus the eyee are smaller oompared with Seiia, while the 
wider vertex gives them a lower, more sunken position. In this respect 
the genus approaohes Mncroglattwn, in which latter the flattened head, 
more prominent palpi and lai^er eyes, wbieh are also somewhat differ- 
ently placed, are distinguishing characters from Lepitaia. 

The anterior wings are relatively mnoh longer, narrower, externa! 
margin m'ore oblique than in Macfoglotmtm. The discal cell is longer 
and more constricted j median nervure depressed; all 
^ the nervules shorter. The costa is medially depressed 
and markedly contrasts with the conformation of both 
ia and Macroglo»mm in this respect ; the internal 

□atural Btie. nerrnre is less bent than in Setia. The sub-ooetal ner- 
vure is curved upward beyond the discal cell ; apex more produced 
than in either of the genera I hare oompared it with. The extern^ 
mar^n is slightly excavate below the second median nervole, is more 
irregular and oblique, and less rounded. The posterior wings are small; 
external maigin very straight, not rounded, apices prodnoed. Costal 
and first sub-costal uervureB direr^ng, leaving the interspace on exter- 
nal mai^n wider than usual. Biecal cell large. First, second and 
third median nervules less propinquitous than in MacToghnium, more 
onrved ; internal nervure straighter. The nervulatloD has undergone 
important modifications, while the pterogostic characters in their en- 
tiety are very diBtinotire, and, without any sadden change, ahcur the 
pontion of this genua as intermediate between Setia and Maertylm- 
gum, while considerably modified from either. 

The abdomen is more smoothly scaled and less obtusely terminated 
than in Setia; anal segments contracting more suddenly than in 

The ornamentation is peonliar. Head and thorax are clothed above 
with similarly colored and disposed scales to those which are so charac- 


1865.] 39 

temtio ID Sena, vhile the iringB «re not limpid, and ore without 
vib^eooB spots u in Macrogloumn. The more nniooloroiu Abdomen 
wautB the " furry" appeaianoe of Sena, while the anal htin are aome- 
what similaily arranged aa in that genus, not exuberated into the 
well-formed anal toil of Maeroglomm. 

The single speoies, described by Mr. Walker, has beeo recently 
taken in Canada, and specimens are now oontained in the OoUeottou 
of Hie Entomologies Society. 


Maanghmafiamifcueiata, Bunihra, Walk, a B. H. S, p. 8T. (ISSS.) 
3Iaerogl«mafltiioafa»eiala, Clemens, Sjn. IT. A. Sph. ISl. (18SS.) 

Abore, the thorax and head are clothed with pale yellowish sericeous 
erect hair, mingled with blookish scales. Laterally the palpi, and die 
orbits of the eyes are deep blaok. Abdomen black, with aericcous 
hairs above on basal segment. Anal tnft black, with lateral sericeous 
hairs. The anterior wings are blackish with obsolete ornamentation ; 
beneath, at base, covered with bright fulvona scales. Foeterior wings 
black with a broad central bright fdlvons lasoia, which contracts, trian- 
gularly, towards internal nuu^n. Legs black. Bxp. % , 1.60 inch. 
Length of body .80 inch. 

Sahitat.—GmMiA. Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

The pecoliar aerioeons thoraoio squammatton of Setia, and which is 
shared by Lepwena, together with the vitreons wings of the former, 
have been made use of ininstitnting analogical oomparisona witli the 
hymenopterons genua Bomibm. 

Ckuatomia kkfintinds, Clemens. 

Bciadnval's ^ure, 8p. den. Plate 15, and which he calls errone- 
ously SpKmx bronlei, reflsrs to this species and should be quoted in 
the synonymy. Dr. Clemens was the first to deeoribe and name the 
present species which he regarded as congenerical with Oeratomta 
guadricomit Harris. Under "Sphinx Bnmtes" I have more fully 
expressed my comprehendon of the synonymy of Drury's species, 
while a misunderstanding has resulted mainly from Boiaduval's error 
and the silence of Dr. Clemens aa to the figure in the Speoiea Qen- 

It is somewhat extraordinary, and merely adds to the eonfusion, that 
Dr. Herrich-Schnffer, Corr. Blatt, p. 149 (1863,) in speaking of the 
speoea which rouat be Sphinx brontet, mihi, sUtee that B<HadnTal's 


40 [Aoausr 

figure leaves no doabt of the spwries intoided. No remarks are nuwle 
on tbe itiiking disorepMio; in the siie of the head and prothoraeic 
parte which at once separate Boisdaval's figure and oar oonnnon ape- 
eies, from the Gnban speoiea. I need not state here that the omameii- 
tation of the two apeoies is, with a oert«in resemblance, qtute disttDOt, 
while I can in no wiae aoooont for the remarks of Dr. Herrioh-Schseffer, 
except npou the hypothesis that no rif^d comparison has been insti- 
tuted by the author between his specimens and Boisdnval's figure, for 
I cannot suppose that Oeralomva repentinut ooours in Cuba, or has 
been sent him by Dr. Qundlach. 

With T^ard to the position of onr species I faave elsewWe noted 
that it seemed to me ill-placed in the same genus with Cerafomia 
quadricomit, and that, with other whitish cinereous, roi^h-haired spe- 
cies of Sphitix, it seemed to form a passage to Ckratomia, in which 
S. repenlinui would constitute the lowest link. 

DxiLEFHiLA cHAHANERn, Harris. 

The larva of this species is stated by Harris to differ troai that cf 
the Baropean D. Galii, with which the American species is regarded 
as identical by Mr. Walker and Dr. Glemens. I find the fcllcwiug 
differences in the images, whioh I am satisfied are specifically distinct. 
In our species the central fascia on anterior wings is of a warmer 
shade, not ezoavated inwardly at base, and not continued so near the apex 
as in D. Galii; the apices show a very distinct black streak, absent in 
the European speoiee. The central iaeoia of the inferior wings is more 
suffused with rose-color. The basal abdominal segment is less black 
laterally in D. chammnerii, while I notice a few minor differences which 
are perliaps not constant, as arc those I have cited. The fact that 
Smerinthut Oerigii Kirby, is certainly distinct from Smerinthui gemi- 
nattts Say, an opinion I have entertained since studying Kirby's de- 
scription and figure, has been recently ascertained by the discovery of 
specimens, as I am informed by Mr. 8, Calverley, and it may be argued 
from this that Eirby's GeU^kila interoMdia, which appears to differ 
too much to be referred to Huris' species, may be ultimately disoov- 
ered aa a distinct species. 


1S6K.} 41 

ASUORW, HQbner. 

Sphinx Titan Cramer, II. Fl. 141, fig. F. (ITie.) 
AeUopoa TUaa HUbner, Vert Schm, HOT, p. 181,. (181S.) 
Maerogtaa*«m atmulotwa Sftaiaa, Zool. Ill pL ISI. (1823.) 
Jtaeroglotta Tilim Burm., Bytt. Yen. Sph. Bcm. p. IT. (IS6&.> 
Moenglotta Titan R-S., Corr. Bl&U. p. 6t. (1S6&.) 

Dull blaofciali, with a slight olivaceous tinge ; difloal ^ot black, enb- 
obaolete. A median, stndght, aemi-tranipareat, wbitxBh band, eloaely 
followed b; a secoad much reduced. A somewhat arcnated, similarly 
oolored band, formed of a double aeries of semi-vitreoas Innolated spots, 
is continued from costa to second median nervnle, beyond which it is 
ol»olate, but very distinctly continued on the under snr&oe,— the Innn- 
lated spots inoreasiog in sin to the interspace above internal margin. 
Terminal space with a paler, somewhat pnrpltsb reflection. Under aur- 
&oe dark-brownish ; the whitish markings of the upper surface dis- 
tinctly reproduced. 

Poeterior wings blackish, paler at base, shaded with yellowish along 
eosta, — medially the yellow hwrs, especially in the female, extend acroad 
the costal half of the wing forming an obsolete band. Beneath brown, 
with two median, parallel, contiguous, distinot, darker shade bands, 
largely shaded with white at base and along internal mai^in. 

Head, and thoracic region above, dull-brownish with a slight olivace- 
ous tinge. Abdomen olivaceous with the third abdominal segment 
whileabove; fourthsegment with a large, dark brownish, lateral shade, . 
which on fifth is much reduced, but obtains on the sixth entirely 
across the segment above. Anal haira brown, olivaceous centrally. 

Beneath, the palpi are whitish ; the thoracic region and legs clothed 
with olivaceous whitish hair. A series of small white lateral dote at 
the lower margin of abdominal segments; lateral fringes interrupted 
with white. Two specimens, % 9 . Exp. % and 9 2.oQ inch. Length 
of body 1.40 inch. 

ffntite/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Philad. 

Xumber 121 Foe^'t J^SS. Catalogue. 

Since the present species has been confounded with the following 
by Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens, I omit the citation of the works of 
these writers in the synonymy of both speciea. Under the descriptive 
phrase, " Yar. aidomine nint foKw. alba.'' Prof. Btirmeister places 
AeUopot Fada» Hiibner, (Sphinx Fadus Cram. 61, C.) as identical with 
the present species. I have not seen the species from Surinam any 
more than the Professor, but, judging fr^m Cramer's figure, I should 
certainly consider it to be a distinct species. 


42 [AtiaCBT 

Aellopoi iMitaltu. 

^hinx Tanialtu Linn. Syet Sti. 803, IS. (ITSS.) 

Sphinx amata, Drury, 1, t7, pi. it, t. 5. (1770.) 

Sphija Ihntaliu Cram. Exot. 1, lOT, pi. 08, &g. F. (ITTS.) 

Spftini Hinfoiu* Fttbr. Bat Syst III, 3T9, 1. (17B3,) 

^tnzr TanlalTU Fabr. Sp. Ins. II, 153, 1. (1781.) 

Aellopot tanbtlvt HDbn., Exot 8«hm. (leOB— IStG.) 

MaerogloMa T^ntahu Burnt. Sph. Brai. p. 17. (1850.) 

i6icroglo»aa Tanlalua H-8. Corr. Bl. p. £S. [I86i.) 
Much BDialler than the preceding, whioli it resembles. On anterior 
wings the mediaa white band is obsolete, and the sabtermioal arcu- 
ated baud of whitish semi-transparent spots is reduced to two or three 
unequal irregular spot^ towards the middle of the wing. Beneath, the 
median band is entirely wanting, while the siibtermiual spots are as 
on upper surface. The yellowish scales on upper surtace of the poste- 
rior wings in A. Titan are absent, while the oosta shows a paler, some- 
what whitash, shade. The abdomen is paler and the brown terminal 
segpientary bands are brighter and more reddbh thau In A. Titan, 
from which it appears to me perieotly specifically distinct. Two speci- 
mens, % and 9 . Exp. % . 2 1-80 inch. Length of body % . ? 1.00 inch. 
Habitat. — Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. See. Philad. 
Numher 125 Poey's MSS. Catalogue. 

Aellopos Sistphds (Macroj/losaa Si»ifphia Burm.) from Rio Ja- 
neiro, belongs to this genns, which is distinct from the European genua 
Macrogloisum .* 

EUPTSBHOaiOSSra, nov. gen. 
From MacroglotHum, with which it has been hitherto oonfonnded, 
the present genus differs by the larger eyes which are more globose 
and placed somewhat differently, extending above nearer the antennal 
insertion. The epicranium is more elevated, reminding us of Eni/o. 
from which the present genus is otherwise sufficiently distinct. The 
anteuufe are slender, not prismatic, and terminate in a refiection which 
is very different from the acute booklet of Maerogloggum. The caputal 
squammatJon is dense, rising to a central longitudinal darker Oolored 
ridge, recalling Hemeroplaiiei. The flattened head of Macrogloiwwm 
and Aellopoi has undergone a change preparing us for the more coni- 
cal and obtuse bead of Enyo and Perigonia. The thorax is more 

■I find that theoraithologiaal resemblaaoes of the European MaCToglowtm, 
gtellaianttn have been ezpreeseil by different vulgar names. Our species of 
Aellopat, bear a certain general resemblaiii^Q to Proeeliaria pdagica. 8o our 
"yellow bird" Carduelu trUtU, Bade its miniature and voiceless echo in the 
yellow Gollae. 


1861^.] 48 

ronndedly elevated uid is stouter, whtl« the prothorado pieces are 
aairower. The abdomen U broader and shorter, furnished with 
short, even, separated, lateral hair tufte, closer and more sqo&rely 
out. The anterior wings are stronger, broader and lai^r; internal 
margin straigbter; external margin proportionally longer, lesa evenly 
rounded, more escavate before internal angle and more produced me- 
^^^^^^dially. The costa at apex is more depressed. The 
^^^^^^^ aeoond median nervule is equidistant from the first 
^^^^^^X and third at external margin, whereas in Macrogloi- 
sv"**"^'^?'"* "^ *""* '' " ^^^ nearer the third than the first, leav- 
ii&^^ »ie. ing the interspace between the first and second me- 

dian nervules inach wider than the rest 

The posterior wings are relatively much larger, external mai^n 
straighter, hardly excavated before anal angle. 

The ornamentation differs, and is sui generis. The primariee are 
complexedly mottled and banded; the secondaries crossed by a narrow 
yellow band, neatly defined, very different from the ornamentation of 
the posterior wings in Aelliypoi and Macroglossum ; the abdomen is 
ornamented with neatly-defined maculations. 

BnpTTTliaKloHnm Bagra. 

Maerogloimm Sagra Toej, Cent, Lepid. Decade 2. (1S32.) 
Maerogtossa •' Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 89. (18SB.| 
" " ClBmenfl, Byn. N. A. Sph. p. 182. (1859.) 

A single specimen in indifferent condition. I express the hope that 
the Society will be able to obtain better material of this handsome 
species described by Prof. Poey in 1832 (1837 Clem.) and dedicated 
by him to M. Ramon de la Sagra. Eopyrrhoglobsum Ceculus 
( Sphinx Ceciilus Cramer, PI. 146, fig, G) from Surinam, is congenerical 
with the present species, while apparently sufficiently distinct specifi- 
cally, to prevent its being confounded with E. goffra. Dr. Clemens 
seems to have been acquainted with both species. Prof Poey's figure 
appears to me, indeed with all the Plates in the " Centurie de L£pidop- 
t&«8," to be most excellent in every respect. The position of this genus 
may undergo some slight change when a more comprehensive study of 
this &mily, embracing its representatives from difierent Zoological Pro- 
vinces, is undertaken. The condition of the specimen has prevented 
a thorough examination of the posterior wings. 

fl^6i(at.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad, 

Jfumber 543 Pofy'g JUSS. CatcUogue. 


44 [AD0U8T 

mo, Httbscr. 
Mbjd Ingnbrl*. 

Sphinx Ivffvbrit, tilnn., M&nt. 1137. 

" " Dniry, I, 81. PI. »8, flf. I. (ITTO.) 

" •• Fabr., Sp. Ins. II, 140, 4. (1T8L) 

^Mnx t^ata. Cram., Pap. Exot p. 59. PI. lib, E. (ITSl) 

« 2i^ufrrit Fabr., Uant. Ins. II, SI, 4. (1787.) 

" " Fabr., Ent Byit. Ill, 1, 358, B. (179!.) 

" " Abbot A Smith, In*. Qoofg. I, pi. 69- (ITW.) 
Di^ fA^ou Hnbner, Yen. 0<!hili. p. 181, No. UK. (IBIS.) 
Xnito btgubri* HQboer, Znt*. S, !SS, fig. fi9&, «. (1835.) 
T^^raia Ivgviris HarriB, Cat. IT. Am. 8ph. p. 30. (18311.) 
Enyo Iwpibria, Walk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 113. (I8SS.) 
PItrogon lugvbrU Burm., Sph. BrM. p. IB. (18S9.) 
En^ Itupibria Gtem., Sjn. N. Am. Sphing. p. 134. (18M.) 
Etyo Ivffubris H-B., Corr. Blatt, p. 57. (1S«5.) 

Under " Var j-." Walkei has perlutps included Bpeoimens of £!a^ 

This species differs from the following by the stronger, posteriorly 
better-defined, blackish terminal shade : by the absence of a darker 
shade on the second basal segment abore, by the non-ezcavation of the 
apical interspace on external margin, and by its generally laiger and 
stouter size. Two specimens tandj. Expt^and? 2.50 inch. Length 
of body % , 1.40, ? 1.30 inch. 

ffabitat.—CnU, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Nwnber 541 Pbe^t MSS. Cataios»ie. 

Bnyo Cunertu. 

^hinx Chmertut Oram., Exot. Ill, SS, PL SSS, flg, A. (1T82.) 
Snyo Cantrtui Habn., Vers. Behm. p. 131, No. 1410. (1816^) 
Enyo OoneriM Walk., C. B. M. P^rt YIII, p. 114. (18511.) 
Pterogon Oamertaa Biimi., Sph. Brai. p. 16. 
Bnyo Oamerlua H-S., Oorr. Blatt. p. 57. (1805.) 
The specimens correspond, as well as osnally the case, with Cra- 
mer's figure. Since I do not see any difference in the sqnammation of 
the " legs" between this and the foregoing species, I do not quote Dr. 
Clemens' description here. The color is generally more brownish thno 
that of E. Ixiffvhrii, the apical interspace is excavated, the semi-luni- 
form paler shaHe which extends from apex to second median nervnle 
is larger; the oblique median evep line is followed by a broad darker 
diffuse shade continued very nearly to internal mai^n, beyond this the 
first of the tremulous transverse lines is somewhat more projected su- 
periorly; the external margin is less abruptly excavate below the sub- 
coslo post-apical nervule. The coloration is generally paler, less black- 
ish, and the iusect is smaller; anal angle of posterior wings less pro- 


18«B.] 46 

dnoed. Tbree 9 Bpeoimeos. Rsp. 92.00to2.30lDeli. Lengtihofbody 
$ 1.00 to 1.10 inch. 

SabikU.—OahA, (Po^.) CMl. Ent 800. Philod. 

JVumftw 98 /bey"* -i^SrS. CnfcOtpwe. 

I am anwilling to see in tltii speeiM a, ■nnoty of J?. h^wM*, m Dr 
Henich-Sheeffer k diBpoeecI to r^nrd it. The Bpeoimens are oODBtant 
in the difieTenceB I h&ve noted and soem to me Boffioientlj Bpetnfloallj 

X^o Sanvai. 

^hirix Dantm Crun., Pap. Sxob. Ill, SI, PI. MS, Bg. B. (ITSl.) 
Enyo Danuin, Edbner, V«n. Schtn. I3S, 1411. (ISIS.) 
Snyo Oanmm, Talk., a B. U. Part Till, p. 118. (IBM.) 
PUragon Donwrn, Bnrm^ Sph. Btm. p. IS. (IBtt.) I 
Xngo Danwn, H-B., Cdtt. BlaU. p. ». (IBSfi.) 

The ezoavationa of the anterior wings are modified &om eitlier of 
the above speoies, wUle more nearl; approaching E. Catnertut. On 
the poaterior wings the exoarationB befbre anal angle are different, the 
t^nment at the Bnbmedian nerrare being more produced m as to fiirm 
verjf plainly a donble exoavalion between the medio-poeterior nervnie 
and the internal nervnre. 

The coloration is very dark brown, while the diacal dot is net black 
bat pale brown on anterior wings. On posterior pair in the male 
there is a small patch of pale yellowish hair at extreme base of the 
wing along internal margin ; in the female this patch is much larger, 
spr^ing nearer to anal angle. The whole body is somewhat slenderer 
than in the preceding speoiea. Two specimena % and $ . Kxp. % 2.40, 
9 2.20 inch. Length of body t and 9 l.SO inch. 

Bahitat.—Qvhe., (Poey.) Coll. Ent Soo. Fhilad. 

NwnbiT 99 Potji't M88. Catalogue. 

Professor Bnrmeister's description di^rs as to the omamentetion of 
the posterior wiags from both Gramer's figure and my apecimens, which 
agree together. It is not improbable that his specimens are errone- 
ously referred to the present apeciea. His description of the internal 
margin of the posterior wings does not oorreapond, and if by "Anf 
der tloterseite der Oberfliigel ist ein weiaaer Funkt" he alludes to that 
00 the costa before the apex, the species does not differ in this respect 
from the preceding two. If, however, a discal spot is meant, it is cer- 
tainly wanting io my speoimens of E. danum, where there is in the 
female a mere trace of a paler shade on the diaoal cross-vein. Dr. 
CiemeDa does not mention this species, probably since Mr. Walker 
merely ^ves " Surinam " as the habitat. I have expressed my opinion 
that perhapa uoder E. lugvhrit " Yar j, Nigro-fuiea; almpo$tiem ttrtga 


46 [AuflUHT 

apad mat-j/inem interiorem aUndo-fiava," Mr. Walker baa recorded 
speoimeoa of tlie present species. 

HXKXBOFLAraa, Habner. 
HamtroplaiiM pHiidi>tli7ieiu, a. b. (Plato i, fig. L) 

OalUamma oielxat H-B., Corr. Blatt. p. 6T. (18S5.) 

Not Sphinx oielu* Cram., PI. 21fl, fig. F, (I7B3.) 
Dull chocolate-browD ; beneath pfiler, mixed with cinereous scales. 
Head produced, elongated, eomewhat flattened, eyes large and italient; 
maxilln well developed ; protfaoracic parts well extended before the 
insertion of tbe primaries. Anterior wings pale brown, a roundedly 
oblique blackish basal line, within which, on costa and below sab-costal 
nerrure, are large blackish marks. Beyond, an outwardly rounded, 
oblique, blackish transverae line mns from costa to internal margin, 
which it joins near the base. Space between this latter line and the 
basal line, paler than the rest of the wing. Median apace large, darker 
shaded in tbe interspaces between the nervulea posteriorly, where it 
acquires a faint purplish reflection ; on the discal cros.'s-vein a somewhat 
L-shaped white mark, above which a second, smaller, ovate and ob- 
liquely placed. From the internal margin a blackish irregular line 
extends to the larger white mark and runs partly parallel to the trans- 
verse anterior lino. Transverse posterior line blackish, undulate, out- 
wardly arcuate, followed by a paler coincident shade. Snbterminal 
space paler, acquiring with other portions of the wing an obsolete 
greenish tinge which is difficult to define. In the post-apical interspace 
a large, distinct, irregularly triangnlar, black spot. A black undulate 
line margins inwardly a very narrow, darker, terminal space, which 
extends from immediately below apex to below first median nervule, 
somewhat as in the genus En>/o. 

External margin of the wing excavate, resembling the species of 
Enffo, and in a less degree Tki/reus ahhotii, to the general coloration 
of which the present bears a resemblance which has suggested the 
specific name. Apical interspace not excavated ; from post-apical to 

somewhat abrupt and deep. 
coloration. Pale at base ; 
ian blackish shade band, beyond 

medio-superior nervules the excavatio 

Posterior wings resembling anterio 
crossed by a diffuse prominent media 

which the wing is paler. From anal angle, which shows a few mixed 
whitish scales, a narrow black line runs towards costa, but is lost before 
traversing half of the wing. .A terminal dark brown shade band, 
broadest at costa, becoming obsolete before anal angle. 

Beneath, the wings are paler than on upper surface. Both pair tra- 
versed by a very distinct (especially on posterior ptur) tremulous black- 


1866.] 47 

ieh median b&nd. Thia U followed by a second, quite liDear, dietiact, 
nndul&te between the neirules on anterior, but dentate on posterior 
wings. Terminal margin blaclcisb between apical and medio-enperioF 
nerrulcB on anterior wingB. 

Head with a median dark line, whieh geparatea beyond the " ooUar " 
into two, margining tbe tegnlse inwardly, these latter mixed with a few 
lateral white scales ; two lateral brownish prothoraoic spots.. Abdomen 
conical : a few lateral whitish, and below these blaekish, scales at base ; 
anal segment with a few whitish faaire, not tufted (unless by accident 
tbe specimen has t>eoome deprived of the anal squammation) ; colored 
mnch as the thoracic and caputal parts. Legs nnicolorooa with body — 
except two reduced spurs at the extremity of the middle and bind 
tibire — unarmed. One t (?) ^P^*'™^". Exp. 2.90 inch. Length of 
body IM inch. 

Habitat.— CuhsL, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Numher 124 Poey'» MSS. Catalogs. 

Under the present generic name Htibner has arranged four species 
of Sphing^dae figured by Cramer on Plate 216, and called by that 
author SphiTix Fan. fig. D, S. Triplolemus, fig. F, S. Pluto, fig. B, 
and S. oiclut, fig. G. These species seem perfectly well associated, 
and while resembling Engo, are slighter, slenderer; the head more pro- 
duced and flattened. The anal segments of the males are not provided 
with the square cut tuft of En^o, nor are tbe anal segments so sud- 
denly constricted. The anterior wings are provided with triangulate 
ulbate marks, reminding one of Callwmtna, though without sharing 
the lustre of the latter genus, from which tbe present is very amply 
distinct by tbe excavation of the external margin of the anterior wings, 
less prominent palpi, stouter antennfe, and more developed mazillse. 

The present species differs from Cramer's figure of S. oiclm, too much 
to allow of its being referred to that species. The gray color of Cra- 
mer's figure, the different shape of the discal albate spots, tbe course ' 
of the transverse posterior line, the punctate squammation, are very dis- 
tinctive, while the lateral prothoracic brown spots are present in JSeme- 
riiplanei pieudolhffreua, but much reduced. 

raUQOSU, Boiaduval. 
Fsrlgonla luo*. 

Sphinx bi^ca Fabr.. Sp. Ins. II, 140, 5. (1781.) 
" '• Fabr., ManL Ins. II. es, i. (ITS7.) 

■' Fabr., Ent. .Byst. Ill, 1, 3Sfl, 6. (ITflS.) 

Ferigenia /hmo Walk., C. R M. Part VIII, p. 101. (I8S8.) ? 

" " Clem., Byn. H. Am. Sph. p. 138. (1869.)? 

" H-8., Corr. Blatt p. Sfl. (18M.) 


48 [AoavsT 

Mr. Wtlkw hu referred Persia ttuUa Boied., H-S. Exot. %. 
106, M a synonym of Hm speoias, bat I believe it is distinot. Tbe 
following «re some of Uie difbrenoes ; — ^Tbe eUe of P. ituUa ie enuller ; 
the ahape of the ezt«mal margin of the anterior wings ia modified from 
that in P. buea, being more produced medially and at iutersal aogle. 
Tbe shading and eoloratioD of the terminal space is different. In P. 
Irnca, a well defined blaokiah line rans from apex to internal angle, 
wbiob is entirely wanting in Dr. Herrich-Schiefier's figote. Finally, 
the yellow of the posterior wings ia more intense, and absorbs tbe en- 
tire base of the wing in P. ttulta. Like the speoiee of Eityo, the species 
of Perigonia are nearly allied and easily to be oonfoonded. which how- 
ever does not lessen their speoifio validity. Two specimens, % and 9 
Ezp. % 2.10, 9 2.30 inch. Length of body & and $ , 1.20 ineh. 

ffij6t(oi.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

dumber 444 Poe/i MSS. Oatalogue. 
pHigenla Lafebrrii 

Macrogloiaa Lfffebrrrii Lnoaa, H.S. Oott. Blstb p. 117. {1803.) 
Pengonia I^ebvni H-S. Coir. Blatt p. G6. (ISSS.) 

Smaller than the preceding wbiob it resembles, bnt differs as fol- 
lows : — The median line on anterior wings is not followed by a dark 
diffuse shade as in P. liuca, and tbe markings generally not so strong ; 
the external mai^n is more angulated and less rounded; the yellow of 
the posterior wings is more intense and like that in P. ttulta; there is 
no yellowish patch at anal angle as in P. huea. The female specimen 
sent is much darker than tbe male, which it otherwise resembles. Two 
specimens, % and $ . Exp. % , 1.80 inch. 9 1.90. Length of body 
1.00 inch. 

Sabitat.—GnhA, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 120 Poey't MSS. Catalogue. 

I have not bad access to M. Bamou de la Sara's work in which 
Lucas' description is contained, but have used instead Dr. Herrioh- 
Scbsefier's very aoceptable renmU of its lepidopterologioal contents, 
giveu in the pages of the " Correspondenz Blatt," Dr. Q-nndlach seems 
to have sent a specimen of P. Ivaca under the present name te Dr. 
Herrioh-Schseffer ; I do not doubt the specific validity of my specimens, 
or the oorreotness of their identifioataon with Macrogthua Le/eburii 

CALUOUA, Boifdaral. 
eaUiemma Lycactiu. 

SpMnx Incaatua Cram., Pap. ExoL IT, ISO, PI. 3S1, fig. A. (1782.) 
Oreut Licaitui Habn., Teri. Bchmett. ISt, 14fl6. (1816.) 
Oailiomma LfCaitva Walk., a B. M. Part VUI, p. 110. (18S0.) 


1865.] 49 

^inx Galianna Barm., 8ph, Brnz. p. A. [I85<.) 

Calliomnuf Lsautus Clemens, Syn. N. Am. Sph. p. 141. (leU.) 

OtlliomTna Lycaatua E-8., Corr. BUtt. p. 57. (1885.) 

Sfihiitx Farce Fabr., quoted by Mr. Walker as & synonym of this 
species, if ideatical would have priority, wbile both Dr. Herrich-Schfeffer 
aod Prof. Bnnueister regard it as a distinct species. With respect to 
Sphinx Galiimna Burm., from the short comparative descriptioQ, it 
would seem that it ia identical with Cramer's speeiea. While Cramer's 
figure otherwise very nearly corresponds to the Cuban specimens, it 
differs by the absence of the very brilliant, argent, pjriform, diacal spot 
which shows a single inward projection at the superior linear part. In 
the description, however, Cramer alludes to the silvery mark in the 
following words which altogether but indifferently apply — " Sur les 
ailes sup^rieures se trouvent quelqties petit«9 taches, argent^es doat 
celle, qui est dans la partie intermediare, a le plus beau lustre." I 
have copied the sentence exactly as it stands in the original. This' 
species, if not identical with Cramer's Liccufus, may be known as Cal- 
Vurmma Galianna (Sphinx Galianna, Burm.), a name which would 
have better claims for adoption had it been more properly defined. 
Belying apparently on its absence in Cramer's figure, Prof. Burmeistcr 
has assumed the absence of the silver-spot in the insect itself, I judge 
without consulting Cramer's description which I have quoted above. 
Mr. Walker's description evidently refers to the present species. Dr. 
Clemens has not seen the species apparently. Two specimens, % and $ . 
Exp. S and 9 2.60 inch. Length of body, % 2.20, 9 2.30 inch. 

Sabitat.—CahB., (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Philad. 

Numhur 90 Pory't MSS. Oiitaloi/ue. 

FZK0E8A, Walker. 
F«TgM« tboratH. 

Sphinx t&orates Hilbuer, Zutr. Exot Schm. fig. ^25-0. (1826.) 

Perge»a ttorates Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 151. (18SS.) 

'< •' Clemaaa, Syn. S. Am. Sph. p. 146. (185S.) 

" H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 58. (1886.) 

Two specimens, £ and $ . Exp. % 2.70, $ 2.60 inch. Length of 
body, % , l.iO, 9 1.50 inch. 

Habitat.— G\ih&, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

JVumfier 76 Poeff't MSS. Catahffiu:. 

This species differs fVom Therttra Porrdhi* Hiibn., from Europe, 
by the longer antennae, as staled by Mr. Walker, and I think differs 
otherwise generically from the European species. 

The genus Pergaa is the first in the present Collection belonging to 
u Tribe of the family Sphingidse, which may be called — Chxrorampini, 


50 [AuousT 

in accordance vith my views respecting the internal orrangenieDt of 
lepidopterous Familiea, and which have resulted parti; from a study 
of the learned " Classification of the Coleoptera of North America," by 
Dr. John L. Leoonte, a work which, while it has been ignorantly styled 
an " KlemeQt*&r-Buch" by a German critic, posse^es great originality 
and lucidity of composition aad arrangement, rendering it a very valu- 
able addition to scientific knowledge. The genus Calltomma, closes 
the Tribe Macmi/l'/saini, while Pieudotpkiiar, inaugurates the more 
tjrpioal Tribe of the Family — SpHngini. A fourth Tribe — Smerin- 
thini — is not represented in the present Collection, while I reserve an 
amplification of this arrangement to a different Paper. 

DKSSOOAICPA, Cupanchel. 
OhwiMampa ITmIidi. 

^hinx ifechus Cramer, 11, PI. 178, fig. B. (1779.) 
Fabr., Bp. Ina. II, 152, 59. (1781.) 
" " Fttbr., Maot 11, B8, 81. (1787.) 

" " Fftbr., Ent. Byet. Ill, 1, S77, 63. (1793.) 

" " Gmelin, ed. Byet. Nat. 1, i, 2331, 89. 

Therttra Neckus Hubnar, Veri 135, 1447. {1816.) 
Cheroatmpa Ckiron Walk., C. B. M. P. VIII, p. 132. (1856.) 

" " ClBmenB, Syn. N. A. Sph. p. 150. (1859.) 

Not Sphinx Chiron Drury, Eiot. I, 56, PI. 26, f. 3. (1770.) ' 
Charocampa Ncchtu. H-8., Corr. Bl. p. 58. (1865.) 

Green. Anterior wings rather intenae and vivid green; nervules 
iu terminal space inconspicuously and minutely covered with dHrk 
scales, and bordered faintly with pale yellowiab testaceous scattered 
scales. Base of wing clothed with dark scales, forming a small, bkuk- 
ish, irregular patch extending to costa and mixed inwardly with paler 
scales. Below, immediately on internal margin at base, is a small 
though sufficiently prominent, somewhat elongated, pale-yellowish patch, 
the scales composing which are long and hairy. 

The entire median space from eosta to internal margin is of a vivid 
green, ooncolorous, without markings except a small distinct pale yel- 
lowish discal dot. 

A very obUque, wide, sub-terminal band runs parallel with external 
margin from costa, where it is widest, spreading narrowly to the apes, 
to theint«rnal margin where it also widens narrowly as at costa, spread- 
ing to internal angle, which latter is minutely fringed with pale yellow- 
ish. This band is composed of brownish scales, which form a promi- 
nent, costal, sub-triaugular patch and are mixed in parts with blackish, 
and is traversed by blackish lines, the latter most distinct at the centre 
iu the 9 , where they are arcuate between the veins and the band is nar- 
rowest. In the % at the centre of the wing this band is obsolete and the 


1865.] 51 

esternal defioing blackish lines are Dot observable. Where thisaubtenni- 
aal band dilates apicalljon the costa aod on internal margin within ia- 
ternal angle, it is composed of blackish scales, the latter shade more 
prevaleDt in the 9 than in the % , in which also this sabterminal hand 
is most distinct. Terminal space greeo, widest at the centre, concol- 
orous with median space. Fringes brownish, except at internal angle. 

Posterior winga blackish, pale yellowish on costa; a pale jellow, 
subterminaj band, constrict«dly interrupted shove anal angle and 
divided by the nervules, which latter are more or less covered by 
darker scales, into sub-triangular spots, of which the largest and most 
isolated surmoucts anal angle ; the anal space also largely yellow. 
Fringes very pale yellowish. 

Under surface of both wings bright ferruginous ochraceoos, irrorate 
with darker dots and lines. The external defining lines of the suh- 
terminal band of the upper surface are here represented very distinctly 
and are arcuate between the veins, enclosing a brighter ferruginous 
yellowish space, analagous to the subterminal band of the upper surface ; 
terminal margins of both pair tinged with olivaceous. 

Thorax and head above olivaceous-green, with a lateral line on both 
Hides running 'from the tips of the tegulse, where it is darkest, above 
the eyes to tips of palpi. Some darker hairs mixed at base of thorax. 

Abdomen above green without spots and bands, though there is a 
series of paler segmentary defining shades. Beneath, the abdomen is 
clothed with mixed fawn, whitish and ochreous scales, which extend 
laterally upwards, where they are darkest. Under surface of thoracic 
region and palpi clothed with dense, mixed ferruginous and yellow, 
hairy squammation ; two lateral green large subtriangular patches, be- 
neath anterior wings and extending in front of them. Legs finely 
scaled, paler outwardly. Esp. % 2.50 inches, 9 3.00 inches. Length 
of body % 1.50 inch. ? 1.60 inch. 

^„7,i(a(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Nitmber 81 of PoM/'i MHS. Ca(alogv.e. 

Chierocampa Chiron Drury sp., seems to me, judging by the figure, 
to be a distinct species. Cramer's figure, on the other hand, refers 
undoubtedly to the present species. 

GhaTooampa OnndlMliil. 

Charocampa Oundlachii Herrich-Bchffifier, Con. Blatt. p. U9. (1883.) 
" " H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. *8. (1(,85.) 

Green. Anterior wings of an olivaceous-green, of a duller shade 
than the thoracic re^on above ; external margin not so oblique, not api- 
cally so falcate as in the preceding species. Base of wings clouded with 


52 [August 

ooDlused blHokiBli BciileB. MediBD space olivaceontt-greeii, oonooloroufl ; 
a amnll whitiah disoal dot, clouded outwardly with blackUh scales. Ad 
obliqne, even, subterraiual, blackish Use, bordered invardty with a pale 
shade, Tans from interaal margin to just below costa, which it does not 
attMn, becoming obsoleM in the space below. This line is mrat distinct on 
intern&l margin, where it is slightly dilated by a. few blackish, scattered 
scales. Terminal space otivaceoos-green, concolorona with median space 
and widening towards internal margin ; fringes brownish except a very 
few scales at internal angle, which are whitish. 

Posterior wings entirely blackish-brown, immaculate, conoolorons. 
with whitish fringes. 

Under surface oliTaceons^reen ; the anterior wings largely soffnsed 
basally with brownish, which shade extends beyond discal spot. A sub- 
terminal, narrow, even, brown lino mns across both pur and on posterior 
pair is slightly bent below cmta. The fsreen posterior wings show a 
few scattered brownish scales. 

Head and thoracic region dark intense green above. A lateral mar- 
ginal white line extends from base of ant«rior wings above the eyes 
to tips of palpi. 

Abdomen above green, mixed with a few brownish scales. Beneath 
slightly paler; on fourth and fifth segments the brownish color forms 
a moderate clouded patch. 

The thoracic region beneath and outside of palpi are unicolorous 
green. Legs finely scaled, dirty whitish outwardly, inwardly the tibiie 
are clothed with greenish s^juammation. Exp. % 2.00 inches. Length 
of body 1.20 inch. 

Haintut.—Caha, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 97 of Pon/'t MSS. C-italogue. 

Agrees very well with Dr. Herriob-Sohseffer's description as above 
cited, except that the hind wings show no ochraoeous shade at internal 
angle,* where they are perhaps insensibly paler. 
ClMTMampa inorata, n. b. (Flato I, tig. 2.%.) 

Allied to CkxrocaTttpa GvndlachU. Dull reddish &wn color with a 
slightly roseate tinge, irrorate with minute blackish scale patches, ^t 
the base, along the costa and on the disc, the wing is more or leaa 
clouded with a darker shade ; disoal spot dark, very minute. The costal 
edge and edge of internal marjnn are paler An even, dark brownish, 
oblique, subterminal line runs from internal mai^in much within inter- 

* Hft. achwitrzbrsua, luit ockergelb«n Wieeh im Afterwiokel ; H-8. Corr. 
Blatt.p. Ii9. ([8fl3.) 


1865.] bH 

oal angle, to anb-ooslal space where it beoomes obsolete, Dot attaioing 
the coBta ; this line is fllightly margiDed inwardly along its length by a 
paler shade and is somewhat, hut very slightly, aronate. TermiDal 
space similarly colored to median, widening to internal margin, and in- 
feriorly and apioally more or less snffosed with a darker shade. Ex- 
ternal margin not very oblique, nor snb-apicalty tklcate, resembling in 
this respect the preceding species. 

Posterior wings blackish-brown, centrally dullreddiah along all the 
mai^ns, paler shaded at anal angle ; fringes white. 

Under surface of wings paler than upper surface, with extretitely 
scattered and sparse irrorations. The ant«rior wings at base show a 
small dnll brownish patch and a bent subterminal line apparent at and 
shortly below costa, thence discontinued. 

Head, and thoracic append^es above, rich reddish-brown. A very 
distinct, white, lateral line runs from extreme base of thorax to tips of 
palpi above the eyes. 

Abdomen paler than thorax, a little darker above, the segments 
slightly margined by paler shades. Palpi, under surface of abdomen 
and thoracic r^on oonooloroos with the under surface of the wings, 
while slightly nmre reddish. Legs finely scaled ; outwardly clothed 
with whitish scales, inwardly conoolorous with under thoracic region. 
The sexes do not differ except very slightly in the general shading; 
the female seems to be the darkest, but I have not discovered other 
differences. Exp. t 2.W inches, $ 2.50 inches. Length of body % 
1.30 inch, 9 1.30 inch. 

Eahitat —Oahn, (Poey,) Coll. Ent. 800. Phil. 

yttmhtr 1003 0/ Poeif't MSS. Calahgiie. 

This species in general coloration resembles distantly Darapia choe- 
rilut, but'the color b neither so bright nor intense. In the deaign of 
umamention it resembles O. Gundlacha, to which it is nearest allied, 
while its superior site and very distinct and differing general coloration 
will at once distinguish it. It is perhaps the species described under 
the number "6" by Dr. Herrich-Schaaffer, Corr. Blatt. p. 58, 1866, but 
which is not named by that author. 

OhJBroeampa Poroni. 

Oraig Farm*, Hubn., Exot. Bchm. L«p. i, 8ph. 3. (18S4.) 
Darapta Parent, Walk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 13T. (1868.) 
Charoaanpa Piyretui H-8. Corr. BUtt. p. 58. (ISflfi.) 
Dnsky olivaceous; anterior wings very falcate at the apices, which 

latter are somewhat depressed, rounded along external margin, narrow. 

An arcnat«d row of subterminal dusky dots on the veins; a very fkint, 


54 [August 

oblique, disooDtmued, dentate line beyond the disc; discal spot dusk}', 
diatinct, very small ; an angnlated very indistinct eub-bafiiil line. The 
wing anbeostally, before the a pes, irregularly Hprinkled with reddiah- 
oobraoeoua scales ; a dusky shade spreads along the coeta at the middle 
of the wing and extends nndefinedly downwards beyond the discal spot. 
The ground color is a pecoliar obscnre dnsky purplish, becoming some- 
what dark olivaceous towards the base. The whole wing is destitute 
of any very distinct markings, except the subterminal row of spots on 
the nervules. 

Fbst«rior winga dull black, tcataoeoos along the costa, very slightly 
pale blackish before the anal angle on internal margin; fringes whitish. 

Under sur&ce of both wings dull grayish with a warm purplish 
tinge, sprinkled with dusky irrorations, and with a subobsolete, aubter- 
miDal series of dots on the nervules; on. anterior pair the basal half 
centrally is dusky, djscal dot white. 

Head above, and thorax, dark dusky-olivaceous. A narrow white 
stripe mai^ns the thoracic parts, laterally obsoletely continued to 
base of antennie, beyond these, above the eyes, it is more distinct. 
Palpi externally, dusky purplish-gray, terminal joints tinged with oliva- 
eeouB. Under aurface of thoracic region and abdomen quite pale, dull, 
purplish-gray; upper surface of abdomen darker, without ornamenta- 
taon of any kind. Legs finely sealed, like the under corporal parts in 
coloration, narrowly margined laterally with whitish. 

One male specimen. Exp. % ,2.80 inches. Length of body % , 1.50 

Hahilat.—Cuha., (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Phil. 

Number 94 of Poey's MSS. Oataloffue. 

A peculiarly graceful dusky species, with very falcate apices of ante- 
rior wings. The general style of coloration and ornamentation bears a 
certain resemblance to the figure of Darapsa But^u Cramer sp., but 
that species is evidently quite distinct. The corporal part« are some- 
what stouter than in the other species mentioned in this paper except- 
ing C. Nechu», and, perhaps, C. terM-. 
ChsTDBsmpa Aabiiuonii, n. a. (Plate I, fig. 3, %.) 

Ckisroeampa faleo H-B., Corr. Blatt. p. 148. (1883.) 

Not GhierocaMpafalao Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 132. (1356.) 

% . Pale testaceous -brown ; beneath, tinged with dark ochraceous. 
Anterior wings striate, external margin rounded, apes falcate, general 
shape of both wings aa in ChierocaTnpa ter»a, to which this species is 
nearest allied, but is smaller and otherwise specifically distinct. Base 
of anterior wings and along costa to discal spot, powdered" with grayish 


1865.] 55 

scales. Discal spot small, black, distjoct. At one-third of the length 
of the internal margin from baee, three curvilinear, black, shade BtrealcB, 
merged together inferiorly, run very obliquely towards the apex, be- 
coming obBolete below the pale apical space ; a fourth, in the pate spaoe 
ext«mally, is subobsolete. From extreme apex three or four aimibr bat 
paler, more linear streaks, separating as they proceed, run inrerBely 
towards internal margin, before attaining which they become subobso- 
lete. The wing is palest along iuternal mar^n from the base of the 
bands at the basal third to internal angle, and again subapically, while 
on the costa and spreading slightly below at apical third, the wing is 
covered with dark ochreous scales. Under surface of both pair, shaded 
with bright ochreous, sparsely sprinkled with dark scales and with a 
suhtermioal row of black dots on the nervules; terminal spaces darker. 

Posterior wings hrowaish-black; testaceous-yellow along costa at 
base; anal angle rather largely testaceous yellowish, from whence & 
narrow, similarly colored band, divided obsoletely by the darker squam- 
mation of the nervoles, runs to sub-costal interspace near the apex ; 
fringes whitish. 

Head above, and tegule, olivaceous-brown, the latter with a distinct 
ochreous median longitudinal stripe: disc of the thorax cinereous. A 
broad whitish stripe runs from the tips of the palpi above the eyes to 
the base of the thorax, widening at the base of anterior wings laterally, 
where it becomes somewhat cinereous; abdomen pale brownish, with a 
slight reddish tjnge and with two broad tongitadinal darker shade bands 
above, running eloee together, beneath paler, and, with under surface of 
thoracic region and palpi, presenting the same shade as upper surface 
of abdomen, mixed with a few whitish hairs. Legs whitish outwardly, 
brownish inwardly ; antennae whitish above, testaceous beneath. 

9 . Dark tesiaceous-brown. Differs from the % by the darker co- 
loration ; the three anterior curvilinear stripes are more fused, forming 
a broad shade behind, the fourth, in the paler space, more continued 
and distinct. The posterior wings are more brownish, with the yellow- 
ish sub-terminal band much reduced, more disconnected. Body, as 
indeed the entire insect, greatly darker. Exp. % 2.'20 inches, $ 2.30 
iaches. Length of body, i 1.30 Inch. 9 1.40 inch. 

^aiiJu(.— Cuba, (Poey.) ColL Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Number 946 o/ Fo'-y't MSS. Calahgue. 

Nearest allied to C/imrocampa lerta, with which it coincides in the 
shape of the wings, but the present species is smaller, while the exter- 
nal mai^n is slightly more rounded; the striate, black, shade lines 
originate liirther from the base and are curved, not straight, while the 


56 [August 

posterior wings sra paler, the yellow band not so diettact and niKcular 
as ID that Bpeciea. 

From ft ^:are of C. falco Walk., executed under the superintendeDce 
of Mr. Walker, and for permieeioD to examiue which I am indebted tu 
Mr. S. CaWerley, the present species widely differs. In the Mezican 
species the anterior wings are more falcate, the external margin greatly 
straighten, while the terminal epace is mnch paler, encloning a very dis- 
tinct hlack band, which dilates triangularly on inl«rnal margin; the 
external margin of posterior wings is also much straighter. the yellow 
color more largely predominates, the black space in the centre of the 
wing being reduced to a narrow band ; the abdominal ornumentetion 
also differs, wfaile the species is much lai^r than its Cuban ally, the 
latter more nearly allied to C. leria.* 

I dedicate this species to the Entomolo^st and my kind fHend, Cole, 
man T. Robinson, of New York City. 
OkariMampa T«ni~ 

Sphim: 7V7-«t, Drury, Eiot I, 81, PL 38, fig. 3. (ITJO.) 
Fftbr. 8ys. Ins. II. US, 59. {1781.) 
Cramar, Exot. IV, !2«, PI. 39T, fig. C. (1782.) 
Fabr. Mant. Iqb. II, SB, 6i. (178T.) 
Fabr. Entom. Syst. Ill, I. (17B3.) 

Abbot A Bmith, Nat. Hist. Ins. Georg. I, 75, PI. 3S. (1791.) 
Thertira Th-sa, Hubner, Vem. i3S, U4B. (1818.) 
Chcerocawtpa Urea, Harris, Bill. Joura. V. Si, 303, 4. (1839.) 
Metoptilaa Urea, Duncan, Nat. Libr. 37, PI. 5, fig. 1 ; PI. «, fig, 1. 
Chixrocampa Teria, Walk., C. B. M. Part Till, p. ISl. (18SS.) 
Philampelua Teraa, Burm., SytL Ueb. 8ph. Brai. p. i. (1858.) 
Charocampa Terta, Clem., Sjn. N. Am. Bph. p. 150. (1859.) 
'< " H-8. Corr. Bl. p. 58. (18S5.) 

The specimens sent do not differ from those which I have examined 
fVom di^rent parts of the United States. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % , 2.70, $ 2.80 inches. Length 
of body, % and $ , 2.55 inches. 

Eabitat—€uhi\, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
Number 512 Poey'i MSS. Catalogue. 

DEILBFHILA, Ochaenhdmer. 
SaUepUU CalTsrleri. n- a- (Plate I, fig. 4, ^O 

Allied te Deilephila lineata, and with a certain resemblance to Dfilf- 
pkita chamxnerii. Anterior wings dull brownish, very faintly olivaceous, 

■ "Data die von mir beschriebene Art (Corr. BI. 1883, p. 148) als Variettt 
hieher gehoren ealle, wie H. O. meint, kaoD ich nicht glauben, abgleich Ich die 
richtige Bestimmuug uach Walker nicht verbUrgen kann." H-S. C!. B. 1885, p. 
58. Mr. Gundlaoh'8 Bappoeition I regard, with Dr. Herrich-Soheffor, as deci- 
dedly ei 


1866.] 67 

The central, oblique, pale fascia vLicli proceeds from the apex, is nar- 
rower, more irregular, and kae neatly defined than in either of the 
above mentioued congeaera. It joIdb the internal mat^n at nearer the 
middle, widening on the margin, where it ia composed of white Boales 
sprinkled with brownish. The nervulee are obsoletely paler than the 
ground color of the wing. The terminal apace ie wider than in D. line- 
ata and much as in D. chummnrrii ; fringes on internal mai^in white. 

Posterior wings emaller than in D. Hneiiln, very elightlj excarate 
before anul angle on external margin, which latter is more rounded than 
in allied epeciea. A median dull red hand, narrowest at costa, nowhere 
andnlate or constricted, becoming white on internal margin, somewhat 
as in D. chainteneru. Baaeof the wing dull blackish, paler along oosta; 
the Bubterminal dull blackish band is straight, nowhere constricted or 
nodulate, slightly excavate between the nerrules ; termiua) space red- 
dish, broader than in allied species ; fringes white. 

Under snrface of both pair of winga quite similar to that of D. lineata, 
but with a dark sub-apical zig-iag atreak on the primaries from the 
costa, and an interrupted atraighter one on the secondaries, issuing from 
the coata before the straight sub-basa] transTerse band, which latter it 
joins before the middle of the wing. 

Head and thorax olivaceous-brown, darker ahaded on the tegnlffi, 
which are margined with white stripes, making four thoracic white 
stripes aa in D. livirttico. Abdomen, dull pale brownish, with suhob- 
Bolete ornamentation ; the aegments show alternately paler and darker 
dorsal shade bands. The second and third segments show each a late- 
ral black spot, of which that on the second segment is much the largest ; 
no dorsal murks as in allied species; the segments laterally show dis- 
continued white margins, of which the .first is continued across the ab- 
domen above. Antennse whitish, paler than in allied species, much as 
in Deilephiln Euphorhix from Europe. 

One male specimen. Exp. ti > -.70 inches. Length of body, 1.6fl 

Habitat.— Q.yyU, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Nvmiher 954 Pwy't MSS. Catahijue, 

I dedicate this species — which I have compared studiously with its 
congeners, and am satisfied of its specific distinctiveness — to Mr. Ste- 
phen Culverley, of New York city, whose kind assistance and advice I 
have frequently had recourse to in scientific matters. 


88 [ACOU8T 

IMlephaU IlnMtk. 

BiAinx lintaUi, FabriciaE, 871. Ent. a. Ins. (1775.) 
" daueut. Cram., II. U, pi. 126, fig. D. (1779.) 
" Untala, Abbot, Smith Ine. Georgia 1.77, pi. 3». (1797.) 
' Deilephila dauetu, StepheDi, III. Brit. Etit. Haait. I, 120, 1.11. (ISH.) 
" lineala, Harris, Cat. S. A. Bph. Bill. Joarn. (1839.) 

djivcut. Walker, C. B. M. VIII, p. 171. (18*8.) 
" lineaia, Clemens, B711. 9. A. Sph. Jaum. Phil. Acad. Nat. Sci. p. 

143. (1859.) 
davcvi, H-8. Corr. Blatt Beg. p. fiB. (1885.] 
" liHtata, Grote, Proc. Eat. Soc. Phil. Vol. 1, p. 319. (18«t.) 
Two apecimena, S and 9 . 
Habitat.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
Number 513 Po^^yg MSS. Cat<ilogu€. 

The specimeDB do not difTer from a number of individuals taken in 
different porta of the United Statea, the Territories and Cunadas, that I 
have examined. I give, after examination, the priority to Fabricius. 
vho intended our species, distinct from the European Deilephtia lioor- 
nij-a. in hia original description, vbich reads as followa : 

"iSphinK liueata; bHe vireacentibus; fascia Btriisquc albis; posticis 
nigris : fascia rubra. Habitat in America. Statura prSBcendentis. 
Caput virescena, atria lateralibua alba. Thorax Tireacena, striis tribus 
iJbisduplicatuB. Abdomen,albo nigro-que maculatum. AlfB 
anticee integemmse, faaoia media striiai^ue aex fasciam secantlbue ab- 
breviatie, albis. Margo posticus cinerascens. Subtua omnes cinerae- 
centes, atom is viridebuB." 

The trivial name Uneata has been given to the European D. liiior- 
nka by certain authors, while from the above it is evident that Fabri- 
cius intended the American and not the European species, a specimen 
of which tatter I have before me, and which differa from the present 
species by the absence of the intermediate white stripe on the tegulae 
as well as by the abdominal ornamentation, which latter character seems 
not to have been hitherto dwelt upon. lu the synonymy I have given 
merely the citation of Fabricius' first notice of the species in hia " Sys- 
tema Entomologiie sistens Insectorum ciasses, etc." Flensburgi et 
Lipsiro, 1775. DeikphiUi Uneata, Stephens III. Brit. Ent. Hanst. 1, 
126, S, pl. 12, fig. 1, refers to the European Deilephila livornica and 
not to the present species. 

PUUmpeluf vltU. 

^kinx n'fu, Linn. Sj-Bt. Nat. p. 801, No. 16. (17«e.) 
" '■ Drury, Eiot. 1, 60, PI. 28, fig. 1. (1770.) 

" Fabriciufl, Sp. Iqb. II, 14T, 36. (1781.) 
" Cram. Eiot, III, pi. 267, fig. C. (1782.) 


1865.] ■ b9 

ap\inx viUt, Fabr. Usat lue. II, «fl. 3S. (178T.) 
" " " Ent. Syat. HI, 1, 389, <1. (1793.) 

" Abbot 4 Bmith, Ins. Georg. 1, 79, PI. 10. (17S7.) 
Dtipo vilit, Hllbner, Veri, Bchm. 137, (1816.) 
Philampeiu* vitU, HairiB, C. N. Am. Bph. p. 19. (ISStt.) 

" " W»lk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. ITS. (I868.)7 

" " Burm., Bph. Braz. p, 3. (18S6.) 

Philampelaa Juaaietue, Clem,, Bvn. W. Am. Bph. p. 1ST. (1869.) 
Fhilampclua mti», H-B., Corr. Blatt. p. 68. (1885.) 

The bind wiogs are pale greeaish at base snd belov costa ; along the 
exterDsl margin from eoetal angle to medio-poBterior nervnie, is a broad 
terminal pink band, within which a broad black fascia, interrupted bj 
greenish scales on the nervules, and terminating below medio -posterior 
nervnie in two narrow lines, outside of which latter a brownish square 
spot OQ t«rminal space above anal angle. Internal margin largely pink ; 
two black spots below the disc ; a few white scales within the terminal 
bUck lines above ana) aagle. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Esp. % , 3.60, ? S.SQ inches, licngth 
of body, % 2.00, 9 1.80 inches. 

ff'ibitat.—CuhsL, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

yiimher '217 Pofy't MSS- Catalogue. 
FhilampslBt fiwotatai. 

aphinxfatdatui, Bulnr, Gesoh. Ins. PI. 20, fig. 1. (1776.) 
Sphinx vitit, Cramer, Ezot. til, Fl. 28S, fig. E. (1782.) 
Not SpKita vitis, Linn. etc. 
Dupo JutnewK, HUbn., Vere. Bchm. p. 137. (1818.) 

>• " " Eiot. Bchm. I>ep. Ill, Bphing. II. (1824.) 

P\Uamptliu florniecAiana, Harria, C. N. A. 8ph. p. IB. (1839.)? 

'< Jiuneiuc, Walk., C. B. H. Part VIII, p. 177. (ia&«.) 

mils, Clem., Syn. K. Am. Sphing. p. IS*. (18SB.) 
" /oscuhu, H-B., Corr. Blatt. p. S8. (186S.) 

It is very probable that PhUampflus Hornbe-ckiana, Harris, Oat. N. 
A. Sph. p. 19, foot-note, refers to the present species. Until, however, 
specimens are received from St. Thomas, W. I., this fact cannot be 
considered certain since the description does not satisfactorily agree 
with the specimens from Cuba. These undoubtedly belong to the spe- 
cies erroneously figured by Cramer, as above cited, as the female of J'. 
vitie. This has not been observed by Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens j 
the latter, in copying the synonymy, has apparently changed the species 
as above quoted. 

Dark olive green; more robust than P. viliK. The bands on anterior 
wings are mixed with white scales anteriorly ; the V-shaped space on 
internal margin targe and not enclosed on the margin. Posterior wing» 
green ; a Urge rose-colored space on anal angle and along internal mar- 


60 [Adqubt 

gin ; a l&rge rectangular blaok spot within ; two narrow median lines, 
the inner — black, moat distinct, and joining the large black spot at the 
outer inferior angle, the outer — faint, glaucous, contiguous tOBubterminal 
band, bent before anal angle ; a broad Bubterminal black band, widest 
at ooeta, narrowing to anal angle before which it is Buddenly constricted ; 
terminal space narrow, nowhere ]iinkish, dull ochraceouB-testaceous ; 
external margin more undulate than in /*. vitie. 

This species may be quickly distinguished from P. vitit. by the ab- 
sence of the pink terminal space on posterior wings. I have endeavored 
in the description of these latter to bring out the differences which are 
very palpable, and which sufficiently separate the two speoies. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % tt.50, $ 3. SO inches. Length of 
body, i and 2 1.80 inch. 

^<fii(u;.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Hoc. Phil. 

Number 217 Pon/'» MSS. Vntalogue. 

PfliLAMPELue BTRKNUUS, {Chmiotamjia itremia, M^n^tn^, En. 
Corp. An. Mus. Ac. Sci. Petr. Ins. Lep. II, p. 132, Tab. 12, fig. ii, 1857) 
from Hayti, is allied to P. /aiciatut, and its position is plainly between 
the latter and P. li/carm, mihi. Dr. Clemens has not noticed the Hay- 
tian species in the " Synopsis." 

Phllampelni L^moil. 

Sphinx Lyeaon, Cram., Enot. PI. 5S, fig, A. (1779.) 
Phatua Lyeaoa, HUbn., Eiol. Schmett. (1824.) 
Fhilampelaa taUlliiia, Walker. C. B. M. p. 175. [185B.) 
Not Sphinx aaietlitia, Linn. Drurj, Harris. 

Pkilampelm mUUitia, Clem., (parlim) Syn. N. A. Sp. p. 154. {185B.) 
■' H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 147. (18*3 ) 
H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. Sa (18B5.) 

The synonymy of the present species is much embroiled. Oar North- 
ern species figured by Drury, PI. 29, fig. 1, and by Harris, Ina. Inj. 
PI. 5, fig, 2, is specifically distinct from the Oaban species, and should 
retain the name mtellitia, being (vide Drury) the specieB intended by 
Linnaeus. Mr. Walker has evidently called that species Pandtirus, 
Hilbn,, which name I regard as a synonym of P. sat'-f/ilia. 

Cramer's figure of hycaon differs from the Cuban specimens before 
me by the clouded patch on posterior wings before the apex, and by 
the absence of the rose-colored spot at anal angle, in both of these cha- 
racters resembling P. mUUitia. But since the shape and markings of 
the anterior wings are (juite distinct from P. safellitiOf and nearly cor- 
respond with the Cuban species, and moreover as 1 infer from descrip- 
tions that the roseate spot is inconstant, I am disposed to agree with 
Dr. Herrich-Schffiffer I. c. that Cramer intended the West Indian species. 


1865.] 61 

That, under/*. Jwi'-Wfiri, Mr. Walker has intended the preBeDtspeciea, 
I do not doubt, while hin citation of Harris is incorrect. I cannot ac- 
count for Dr. Hemch-Schseffer's remark that " Walker quotes Harris and 
Htthner correctly under P. Pandorus." The mystery attending Mr. 
Walker's use and citation of P. ampe/opka^a, Harris, (ubi ?) is inex- 
plicable, and this remark of Dr. Herrich-Hchseffer's seems to sanction 
the existence of such a description. Dr. Clemens has already alluded 
to the non-existence of any description of Dr. Harris' under the spe- 
cific name of atnpKlophaga, 1. o. p. 154, 

If, then, we transfer the entire synonymy cited by Mr. Walker on p. 17S 
1. e. to Phi/iimpebis Pan/fi/rm, Walk., on p. 174 1. c, excepting the refer- 
enees of Cramer and Hiibner under the specific name of Lffcaon, we shall 
have the synonymy of our Northern species described by Mr. Walker 
as P. I'aniinrvK, while the present species, described by the English 
Entomologist as P. satellilia, will receiTe the name I have here adopted. 
Dr. Clemens appears t-o regard these two species as identical, a conclu- 
sion which I must beheve to be entirely erroneous. Dr Herri ch-8chfief- 
fer has appreciated the difference between the two species, while retain- 
ing the name of P. tatelfitia for the present species, in consonance with 
Mr. Walker's incorrect synonymy. 

Differs from P. mtellif'a, Linn, by the somewhat slighter and nar- 
rower shape. The external margin of anterior wings is very nearly 
straight, not S-shaped. The subt«rminal lines are more distinct, no- 
where angulated, regularly lunulate between the nervules; the termi- 
nal and subterminHl spaucs, especially on internal margin bordering the 
first subterminal and most distinct line, are largely mixed with whitish, 
somewhat nacreous scales. The sub- triangulate spot on the middle of 
internal margin is smaller, more contrasted with the general color of 
the wing and preceded by slightly roseate scales. 

The posterior wings show a very distinct large roseat« spot on inter- 
nal margin, covering anal angle; the blackish spot within internal mar- 
gin is somewhat rounded, much smaller than in P. gatellitia; the sub- 
terminal interspaceal black maculations are not obscured superiorly by a 
large dark green shade band, but* continued distinctly to costa. The 
external margin is less excavate than in P. mtellitin, compared with 
which the Cuban species generally is more olivaceous and paler. 

One specimen wants the suh-triangular dark patch on internal mar- 

P. satellitia never has the pink an^ patch, which latter I am of opi- 
nion is of greater value as a apecifio character than indicated by Mr. 
Walker. It is constant in the four specimens before me, and perhaps 



62 [AnansT 

there are more Hpeoiea than P. tatellttia aod P. Lgrann to be elinii- 
Rat«d. Its abeeace in GrameT'B ^ure oansea my only donbt, as to the 
correctnesB of the synonymy I have adopted. If distinct from S. Ln- 
eaon. Cram, the present species is, so &r as I can see. andescribed nntil 
now, and may in this eTOnt be called PhUampelun poHieatvs. 

Fonr specimens, % % 9 $ . Bzp. % 3 .85, 9 4.25 inches. Length of 
body % and $ 2.00 inches. 
I 5«6i(<i(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Est. 8oc. Phil. 
Wumher 84 Pofy'x MSS. Catnlogue. 

FUUmpclu labnuoa. 

^ftinz labnuac, Linn., Hus. Lad. Ulric 35S. {IfH.) 
" " Fab,, Sp. Idb. II, 152, 6T, (1781.) 

" " Cram.. Exat II, 133, FI. 1S4, flg. A. (ITSS.) 

" " Tab., Ent. 8jst III, 1, 37T, 66. (1793.) 

Argent lahrutea, Htlba., Veri. Bchm. p. 134. (1816.) 
PKOampdu* UArutae, Walk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 17B. (ISie.l 
" " Burm. Bph. Brai. p. S. (18SA.) 

■' " ClBin., Byn. N. A. 8. p. IfiB. (18S9.) 

H-8., Corr. Blatt p. 58. (18B5.) 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % 4.60, 9 4.80 inches. Length of 
body % 9 2.50 inches. 

Habitat.— Q^xh», (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Phil. 
Number 218 Pofy'i MSS. Catalogue. 

FAOHTLIA, BoieduTsl. 
Paekylia FiMM. 

Marian, Ina. Surim. PI. 33. (1719.) 

^hijix Fieu», Linn., 8791. Nat. p. SOO. No. IS. (1766.) 

" " Clerck, loon. PI. 49, fig. !. 

" " Drury, 111, Biot. ln». II, 44, PI. 26, fig. 1. (1773-1 

" " Fabrieius, Sp. Ins. II, 145, 16. (1781.) 

" " Cramer, III, 88, PI. 246, fig. E. (1782.) 

Piolui Ficta, Hubner, Yen. 8clim. 134. (1816.) 
apKinx Orameri, West., Drury. (1837.) 1 
Paekylia Ficua, Walker, C. B. H. VIII, 180. (1B56.) 
Dtilepkila Fieui, Burni., 8ph. Brai. p. 5. (1858.) 

Cluxroeampa Cramtri, M4n. En. An. Acad. Petr. Part II, p. 133. (t8&T.) 
Packylia Ficus, Clem.. Bya. H, Am. 8ph. p. 158. (1SS9,) 

" " H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 58. (1885.) 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % 4.50, 9 6.00 inches. I.ength of 
body, % 2.30, 9 2.40 inches. 

flii6i((/(.— Cuba, (Poey.) CoH, Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Number 289 Poey'i MSS. Catalogtte. 

Professor Bunneiater has apparently had two species before him, of 
which the second, to Judge by his brief remark — "einer Kleineren. viel 


1865.] 63 

heller gefdrbten, ohne die Quorbinden auf den Oberfliigeln " — caanot 
be referred lo the following epecJee, and is possibly aadesoribed. 

After conpariog Dr. Clemeas' deacription Jour. Acad. Nat. Sot. 
Phil. p. 159 (1865), with the preseat materia), I am of opinion that 
the Texan specimen belongs to a distinct species, in which case the 
name of Fmhi/lia Lyncea, proposed for it by Dr. Clemens in thb event, 
will be" retained. 

Faekylia inomata. 

Sphinx Ficut, Cram., IV, 216, PI. 391, Sg. D. (1T82.) 
Not i^hinx Ficua, Linn., Syat. Nat. p. 800. (1T86.) 
Charocampajiaia, MSn. En. An. Acad. Petr. Part II, p. 133. (1867.) 
FaehS^ia inornata, ClemeaB, 8yn. N. Ara. 8ph. p. 159. (1859.) 
No. 3 (Paehylia,) H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. S8. (1885.) 
Allied lo the foregoing, but a stonier, very dark brown, almost nnico- 
lorous species, of less expanse. 

The anterior wings show a faint median costal paler shade, similarly 
shaped lo the very distinct costo-apical patch, and enclosing the discal 
dot. The posterior wings are entirely dark brown, conoolorous with 
anterior pair, with undefinedly darker marginal borders; anal angle 
tipped with white projecting scales. 

It is possible, that Mr. Walker has united specimens of P. inornata^ 
with his material under P.ficu», to which the present species is nearly 
allied, bnt from which I consider it perfectly distinot. Cramer's later 
figure, I think, refers to the present species, and not to P. ficus. 

One male specimen. Ezp, % ,3.80 inches. Length of body 2.0U 
.ffaJtta/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
XumUr 91 Poeg'i MSS. Oalalogue. 

t. Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII. p. 1»«. (1856.) 
" " Clemeaa, Byn. N. Am. Sph. p. 159, (1869.) 

" " H-S., Corr. Blfttt p. S8. (1886,1 

Three specimens, % ^ $ . Kxp. % 3.20, ? 3.60 inches. Length of 
body % and 9 , 1.80 inch. 

H<ibitat.~G\x\>t., (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
Number 9:J Poej/'n MSS. Catalogue. 

All the abdominal segments above, are narrowly banded anteriorly 
with black ; this is seen m<»% plainly when the abdomen is bent, ex- 
posing in this position more of the sar&oe of the terminal segments. 


ft4 [AvorsT 

AKBULTX, Boisduval. 
Ambnlrz itrifilii. 

f^kinx ttrigilil, Linn., Msot. I, 53S. 

•• •■■ Drury, Exot. Ins, I, t% PI. !8, fig. 4. (1T73.| 

Fabr., Sp. In*. II, 1«, S!. (1T81.) 
" " Cram., Pap. Eiot. 11, U, PI, 108, fig. B. (1782.t 

" " Fabr. Eiot. BysL III, 1, 364, 28. (1793.) 

i*o/w " Hubn.. Veri. flchm. p. 134. (1818.) 
AyiUitUyx " Walker, C. B. H. Part VIII, p. 121. (18611.) 
" " Burm., Bph. Brai. p. 14. (ISi9.) 

" " Clemeng, &ja. S. Am. Sph. p. 1S2. (1868.) 

" " H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. ST. (I82S.) 

Two Bpeciraeos, % and $ . Exp. I 4 00, J 4.30 inches. IfeQj^h of 
body 1.75 inch.' 

Babiiat.^Cnhsi, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. 8oc. Phil. 
Number 542 Poey'n AfSS. Catalogue. 

Ambnlyz Ouiuan*. 

Spkinx Oawxew, Stoll, PI. 3&, fig. 3. (1787.) 
Ampfyptenu Oanaacui, Hdbn., Veri. Sobm. p. 133. (ISIS.) 
An&als/x GanaecM, Walk., C. B. M. Part VIll, p. 121. (1868.) 
" " Burm., 8ph. Brai. p. 15. (1856.) 

" , " Clem., Sph. Jf. Am. 8ph. p. IS3. (1859.) 

" " H-8., Corr. Blatl. p. S7. (18BS.) 

Two specimens, i aod $ . Exp. % 3.75 incheA. Length of'body 1.6U 


ffnM(a/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent.'Soc. Phil. 

Number 96 Pofi/'i MSS. VatahMpie. 

This genua shows certain remote affinides to Smerinthm. Amplgp- 
lerut Hiibn., {An^lj/pteruis Walk., Clemens) contains discordant ma- 
terial, while A. Gunagcue is regarded evidently as the typical specie)) 
of his genus by HUbner. 

FBIUDOBPHIirX, Burmeiiter. 
pMudDipkinx Tetrlo. 

SpKinx Titrio, Ltnn., MaDt. 1, 93B (Burm.) 

" " Fabr., 8p. Ins. II, 146, 27. (1781.) 

" Baiirukal, Cram., Eiot. Ill, BO, PI, 248, fig. F. {1782.) 

" Titrio, Fabr., Mani, Ins. II, 96, 30. (1787.) 

■' " " Ent. SjBt. Ill, 1, 386, 32. (1793.) 

Si/loietu Saidrubal, HUbn., Verz. Bchm. p. 139. (1818.) 
Sphinx Aidrubal, Fo«y, Cent. Lepid. (1832.) 
MacroHla Batdmbal, Walker, C. B. M. Fart YIII, p. !03. (!8i>0.) 
Pteudoaphito: Tetrio, Burmeialer, Spb. Brai. p. 8. (1868.) 
Macroaila. Hoidruhal, Clem., S;n. N. Am. Sph. p. 161. (1859.) 
3£acroeUa Aadrubal, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 69. (1886.) 
The present species is amply generioally distinct from either Ant- 
phtmj/x or Sphinx. Prof. BurmeJster has described the larva of 1'. 


1885.] 65 

Mrio, and it has been beautifully figured with the pupa by Prof. Poey 
(Decade II). The structural features of the immature stages of this 
species merit attention. With regard to the synonymy I have adopted, 
I refer to the pamphlet of Prof. Burtneister, who has given very inter- 
esting details respecting the species, 5Ir. Walker cites Sphinx Pin- 
mierue, Merian, Ins. Sur, PI. 5, as a aynonyni to Sphinx Tttno, Fab. 
I have not seen the edition of Mdlle. Merlan's work, which is probably 
that of 1771 (Hagen'a Bib. Ent.), in which this is given. I quote here. 
from Prof. Poey's Cent. Lepid., some interesting facts respecting the 
larva of this species : 

" La chenille est remarqnnble par une queue tr^longue et tnembra- 
nense. Elle est tr^-vorace, et mange les feuilles d'nne esp^ce Je fran- 
ohipanier {Plumeria), connu dans le pays sous le nom de Lirin, dont 
la flenr sert & faire des confitures. Kile devore anssi une partie des 
brancbeH, qui sontremplies dun sue laiteus que Ton dit trSa ccrrosif, 
mais qui ne fait aueun mal k I'insecte. On trouve la chrjsalide an pied 
des buissons, nullenient enfouie sous terre, mais simplement recouverte 
par une feuille, ou cachkt sous quelque morceau de brique, tels qu'on 
en voit dans lea sucreries, autour des habitations ou I'arbre est cultiv^." 

Cramer's figure of the imago is somewhat larger than the specimens 
sent, and, nowithstanding the customary grossness which characterises 
the figures of the Dutch Entomologist, is quite recognizable. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Eip. % 4.00, { 4.80 inches. Length of 
body % 2.10, 9 2.40 inches. 

Habitat.— Cxiha., (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Nutnher 537 Poei/'s MSS. Gutalogue. 

The elimination of the present genus by Prof. Burmeister, evinces 
acumen ; it is confounded by .Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens, under the 
generic term Macrosila, with dissonant material. 


Amply distinct from Sphinx, Linn., the present genus, erected by 
Prof. Poey in 1832, has been misconceived by subsequent authors, and 
the two gigantic species A. AnUeue, and A. Duponchel, separated by 
Prof. Poey, have been confounded together. 

The character insisted on by Prof Poey in his generic phrase, is the 
peculiar conformation of the well developed third palpal article, which 
extends nakedly beyond the head in the form of a corneous booklet. 
Were the material sufficiently large, I should have endeavored to have 
given, from diseectional studies, further details respecting this genus, 
which 1 am quite confident is of independent value. Under the genus 


Sphinx, I have ezplaiaed folly the eyiioiijiiiioal relation it bears to 
Maerotila, Boisd. 

B8, (1719.) 

Sphinx Antteus, Drnry, 111. Ezot Ihb. II, 43, PI. 16, Ag. 1. (1T73.) 

Sphituc Jatropha, Pfttr., Bp. Ina. II, 143, 18. (1T81,) 

Spkittic Mtdor, Cramer, Ezot IV, SIS, Fl. 394, fig. A. (IT6S.) 

iS^AtM JatTopfm, Fftbr., But. Syst. Ill, 1, S8S, 22. {IT83.) 

Oocytaa Jatropfux, HUbner, Vera. Scbm. p. UO. (ISIS.) 

Amphonyx Antaut, Poaj, Cent. Lepid. (1832.) 

Maerotila Anitrtit, Walk., C. B. M. Fart Till, p. SDO. (185«.) 

Sphinx JatrophiB, Burtu., Sph. Bru. p. 0. (ISSS.) 

Maeronla Anicna, Clem., B}rii. N. Am. Bph. p. 182. (Igfit).) 

Macroaita anfAmw, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 69. (1885.) 

Mr. Walker, and, to judge from his remarkB, also Dr. Clemens, have 
oonfouaded this with the following species, from which it differa by 
ite greater size, and in that the squamnutloD of the anterior wings on 
the upper surface is of a decided brown tinge, destitute of all greenish 
scales whatever. The anal angle of the posterior wings is less acutely 
produced than in A. duponchel. It is possible that under Sphina^ 
Medor, Cramer, pi. 094, fig. A, the following impedes is intended, but 
the inferiority of Cramer's figures prevents certainty in a matter of such 
very closely allied species. With regard to Sphinx Hyda^ms, Cramer, 
(S- Hydrarpus, Clem.) Cramer says : " On en trouve une variety qui 
n'ont point les six taches blanches sur la partie pc6t6rieure du Corps ; 
peutetre que ces demiers sout les Males, car la Figure que nous donnons 
iei represeate une Fenjelle." I iacliue to the belief, having both sexes 
ef A. Antseai and A. Duponchel before me, that Cramer's figure refers 
to a third, closely allied species, which may be called Amphonyx Ht- 
SA8PES. I have seen but one figure of Cramer's under the name of S. 
JHedor, and in the description no mention is made of the sex. If a 
second exists, as is to be inferred from what Dr. Clemens states, it has 
escaped my research. The description of S. Medor leaves it to be un- 
derstood, that it is the species referred to as a variety of S. Hyd<i»puK \a 
the description of the latter in Vol. l,p. 31, while the name of the first 
species with the terminal lateral white miiculations, is changed to >S'. 
Hydntppi* a rendering I have adopted as the more correct. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % 5.75, 9 7.50 inches. Length of 
body % 3.00, 9 8.25 inches. 

iffi6t(a(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

KumUr 547 Po'i/'t MSS- Cafalogw. 

• " Hydaipes," Humboldt, Coamol. Vol. S, p, 538, Bohn'« Edit. 1849. 


1865.] m 

Amphmrx OsponalMl. 

Anphonyx Duponehtl, Foe;, Cent Lepid. (ISSI.) 
2iaenmla Anteeut, (partini) Walk., C. B. M. p. 200. (18S6.) 

" " " Clem., Syn. N. Am. Sph. p. 10!. (1869.) 

Not MaeroaOa Antatu, Drury, III. Exot. loi. II, *3, PI. SS, tg. I. (1773.) 

Jfoeromla dtyKnichel, H-8., Corr. Blatt, p. SB. (ISOfi.) 

Differs from the foregoing in that the aquammation of the anterior 

wings, on the upper surface, is largely greenish. Compared with A. 

AnltEiu, this smaller species has quite a distinctive appearance, while 

my ezaminatioDB have afforded me but the green powdery scales which 

cover the anterior wings on their apper surface, as well as the head, 

thoracic region and abdomen, as a strong specific character, the orna- 

mentatioa being remarkably similar in both species. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % 4.10, 9 5.30 inches. Length of 
body % 2.30, 9 2.35 inches. 

ff«fii(a/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
Number 214 Foe^'g MSS. Catahgae. 

Amphont/x cUientia», Poey, (Sphinx ctuenliia, Cramer), is not in- 
olnded in the present collection, while Dr. Crundlach appears to have 
sent it from Cuba to Dr. Herrich-Schieffer. 


While the European Sphinx convolruli, and Sphinx ISgvxtri, must 
be considered the more typical forms of this geuus, I am aware that 
the material T here inclade tinder Sphinx, appears susceptible of dis- 
tinctive generic separation. The generic term Macroglia Boisd., used 
by Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens for certain of the species, should have 
the preference over Proloparce Bnrm., already mentioned in this No- 
tice, and which contains such discordant material and seems so poorly 
conceived that it is better entirely neglected. The generioallj per- 
fectly distinct species composing the genera Ptewdosphhue Burm., and 
Amphimyx Poey, have, however, been confounded by both Mr. Walker 
and Dr. Clemens, as congenerical with Sphinx ruetica and allies, while 
the species composing the two former genera, are apparently regarded 
by these authors as typical of the genus Macroxila. Amphimyx Poey, 
erected in 1832, has priority over any of Boisduval's MSS. genera 
made public by Mr. Walker in the Catalogue of the British Museum, 
and contains perfectly homogenous material, and is, moreover, more 
scientifically correct and better conceived than Marroaila. By amend- 
ing MarrotUii, and including under that generic name, the first three 
species of Sphinx here enumerated, adding Sphinx quinquemanihtta 



Haw., Sphirtj; ochut* Klug, and perhapB others — which will be under- 
Btood from the material I now indicate — a genus appears susceptible of 
erection, which would contain consonant material, very different from 
that thrown together under Protoparce, by Prof. Burmeister, and, in a 
leea degree perhaps, from Macrotiia of Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens. 
It seems, however, sufficient for the purposes of this Notice, in con- 
sideration also of the circumscribed material I have here studied, but 
to insist on the needed revision, which should be entered into by careful 
dis&eotional study, and to state, that, so far as we can judge from au- 
thors, the species (with the exceptions already noted and adopted under 
Pteujioephinx and Amphtmyx) separated under Macrotiia and Proto- 
parce, appear to differ by an entire ext^^rational development, rather 
than by an ultimate structural divergence, from the more typical Euro- 
pean forms of Sphinx. 

BpMnz niitUa. 

Sphinx ru»iica. Fab., Sp Iqb. II, US, 28. (1781.) 

" " Cram., Pap. P»p. Eiot IV, 21, PI. 301, flg. A. (1T82.) 

" " Fab., ManL Ins. II, 96, 81. (178T.) 

" Fabr., EnL Syst. Ill, 1, 868, 33. (1793.) 

" chionantki. Abbot t Smith, Idb. Oeorg. I, 67, PI. 34. (1717.) 
Ackeraatia ehionanthi, Hubn., Vers. Schm. 139, I19S. (1816.) 
Oxyliut ratHea, HUbn., Veri., Bchm. 140, 1498, (1S16.) 

" " Haba., Exot. Sch. Lap. Ill, Pond. 2, fig. 1, 2. (1824.) 

2facro«iia ratlica, Walk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 199. (1856.) 
Protoparee ruatiea, Burm., Bpb. Brai. p. 7. (IB&S.) 
Maerosila rugtioa, Clem., Sjn. S. Am, Bph. p, 163. (1869.) 
l^hinx ruitiea, H-S., Corr. Blatt, p. &9. (18SS.) 
Two specimens, % and S . £xp. % 4.50, 9 5.00 inches. Length of 
body, f, and $ 2.20 inches. 

.flaWiof.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. But. Soc. Philad. 
Number 75 Pbe^'s ifSS. Catalogue. 

The specimens do not differ specifically from those that I have exam- 
ined from different parts of the United States. 

• The Bjnouom; of thia Bpeoiet is as follows : 

KACBOBILA, emond. mihi. 
XsctoiUa oehni. 

Sphinx oehva. King,, Seue Bchm. Heft. 1, p. 4, Plato 3, fig. 2. (183B.) 
MacroMla itutila, Clem., SjQ. S. Am. Sph. p, 184. (1859.) 
SabiliU.—fieiico, (Klug.) Honduras, (Clemeus.) 

Curiously enough Mr. 'WalkeT does not mention tha present apeeies, though 
quoting Sphinx Typhan, Klug (Fhilampelua Tjphou, Talk.), figured on the 
same Plate. Dr. Clemens' ejnouym ia doubtless owing to this omiuion in the 
British Museum Lists. , 


18fi5.] 69 

■pUaz Mtfollak. 

Sphinx Carolina, Linn, Una. I.ud. Clric, US. (ITBl.) 
" " Drory, III. Exot. Idb. I, 53, PI. ib, fig. 1. (1770.) 

" " Fabr., 8p. Idb. II, U*, SI. (17S1.) 

Pabr., Mant. Ina. II, «*, Si. (1787.) 
" Fabr., Ent, 8y«t. Ill, 1, 383, S5. (1T8S.) 

" " Abbot i Smith, Nat. Hist. Ins. Georg. 1, 65, PL 83. (17117.) 

FUtgeihmliui earehna, Htlbner, Yen. Bchm. p. UO. (1816.) 
Mandrica obteUTa earoHTia, HUbn., Eioi Bah. Sphing. III. (1S!1.) 
^tkiTix earolina, Hurii, Cat. N. Am. Bph. p. 14. (ISSfl.) 

" " Walk., C. B. M. Part Till, p. JIB, {1856.) 

HaeronlaMrolina, Clem., 8yn. y. Am. Sph. p. 106. (1860.) 
BphiTtx earoliTia, H-S., Corr. Blatt, p. &9. (1865.) 

One male spec imea. Exp, % ,4.1U inches. Length of body ,2. 00 id ohes. 
ffal{tnl.—Cu\>»., (Poey.") Coll. Ent. Soc. PhiUd. 
Number 215 Poej/'» MSS. Catalogue. 

The specimea sent does not differ apecifioally ^m material which I 
have examined from different parts of the United States. 

Bpkinx giagnlaU. 

Bphinx irinir^ta, Linii., Hub. LeBk. Se, 103. (Walker.) 
'■ " Fabr., 8p. Ins. II, 151, M. (1781.) 

" " Fabr., Maot. Ins. II, ST, 53. 1787.) 

Fabr., Knt 8y«t. Ill, 1. (17»3.) 
" " Abbot t Smith, InB. Oeorg. I, 63, PL 12. (17V7.) 

Bphinx Dnirai Donovan, Brit Ins. XIV, pi. 100. (1813.) 
Affnva cinffulaUu, HQbn., Vera. Sohm. UO, 1S07. (1816.) 

" " HUbn., Ezot Bchm. Lep. II, Sph. III. (ISM.) 

J^inx eingulata, Harris, Cat. S. Am. Bph. p. (188S.) 
" " Walk., & B. M. Part VIII, p. S15. (1858.) 

" " Burm., Bph. Brax. p. 12. (I85B.) 

Macroglia dngulata, Clem., Byo. N. Am. Sph. p. 184. (1859.) 
Sphinx dngulaia, H-S., Corr. Blatt, p. 59. (1865.) 

Two specimens, % and $ . Exp. % and $ 4.40 inches. Lengtb of 
body, % 2.20, 9 2.00 inches. 

i(«6i(<K.— Ouba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 
Namber 216 Poey's MSS. Cataloffwe. 

The speoimenB sent do not differ speoifieally iiroro those I hare ex> 
amiaed from different parts of the United States, 
■phlu BiOBtM. (Plate 1, Ag. i%.) 

BphiTur Branta, Drury, IlL Ezot InB. II, 5S, PI. », fig. S. (ITTO.) 
Not Sphinx BroTita, Boiad. Bp. Oen. Plate 15, flg. 6. (ISM.) 
Bphin^ SronUi, H-8., Corr. Blatt, p. 6B. (1866.) 

The Bpecimens sent by Prof. Poey more nearly correspond to Ihnry's 
figure of Sphinx Bronte*, than any species as yet known to me. I 
hftve already stated that Sphinx Broatet of Boiad. is not that of Drory, 
but is Ceratomui repentinut Clem., a species of oommon occurrence in 



the United SUtee. This Utter species differs throughout from Dmry's 
figure, and from the inseot I here descrihe and fig^e, &ni which must 
approach Drnry's very closely, if it be not, as I conjecture, identioal 
with it. As to what Mr. Walker int«nda ander Marroti/a Brtmtet, I 
am ignorant. The small head, the roanded external margin of ante- 
rior wings, with the internal angle not esserted, the three black inter- 
spaceal dashes, are all characters, in addition te numerous other, less 
prominent, which quickly distlDguish C. repentinue from Drory's figure 
and the inseot I now describe. 

Head large and prominent; eyes salient; thorax and abdomen hardly 
so stout as in Dmry's figure, which exceeds my specimens in expanse 
and general site. The markings of the anterior wings coincide with 
Drury's figure, except that the disoal spot is white, the brown subter- 
minal space is narrower and paler. The external margin is straight, 
internal angle exserted. Terminally there is a series of Y-shaped black- 
ish marks on the veins, which is characteristic of Dmry's figure and 
very different from 0, repentinv* in this respect; the course of all the 
transverse lines and markings are quite alike in Drury's figure and my 

The posterior wings differ from Drury's figure, but not perhaps so 
greatly, that the latitude we may allow for the roughness of the figure 
will not cover it. Before anal angle there is a cinereous patch, as in 
Drury's figure. Medially the wing is crossed by three propinquitous 
dark lines, with a paler series of scales between the first and second 
line. In Drury's figure these lines are not indicated, while a whitish 
band is drawn, ondulating, across the wiug. Conld I but reconcile this 
disparity, I should be oonfideot that I bad Drury's species before me. 

I have at least shown that Dr. Clemens' C. repetitinve is a good spe- 
cies, and should not be confounded with Drury's S. bronlei. while I 
have less evidence te prove that the present is the species that Drury 
intended. Dmry's description does not allude to the whitish band on 
the inferior wings, and, while doubtful on the whole, whether it be worth 
while to try and identify a figure of bo indifferent an execution, I pro- 
pose that the present species be considered as the species intended by 
Drury, ad interim at least, till one better suited be found, in which lat- 
ter event I propose for the present species the name of Sphinx cubentii. 

TwQ specimens, % and { . Exp. £ S,50, 9 3,60 inches. Length of 
body, % and 5 1.80 inch. 

ifaiifdf.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

mimbtr 86 Poey'i XSS. Oatalogue. 


1865.] 71 

I have alluded elsewhere to what I siippoee la an error on the 
part of Dr. Herrioh-Sohieffer, in referriaji; hia epeoimens, which I have 
every reason to believe are Bpecifioallj identical with mine, aa oorre- 
sponding with Boisduval's figure, Sp. G«a. Fl. 16, fig. 6. 

fpUnx affliota, hot. ip. 

Yellowish-olivaceoUB-cinereous, when fresh perhaps with a greenish 
tinge, which has however quite disappeared, if it existed, from the 
single specimen I describe. All the transverse lines darker, very nar- 
row, distinct and continued. At extreme base some white scales. Foar 
lines from the costa before the dtacal spot, very irregularly dentate and 
undul&Ce, the third, at the sub-median nervare, joining the fourth. 
Discal spot white, surrounded with a dark encircling line, small, sub- 
reniform in shape. Beyond the median apace, three propinquitous, 
oblique, trembled lines, run from oosta to internal margin, slightly pro- 
jected below the oosta, the interspace between the second and third 
paler. These lines are interrupted with a few black scales inferiorly. 
A 8ubf«rminal, widely and regularly undulate line, which is sub-obsolete 
to costa, before which it is joined by the apical streak, the latter lined 
above by a few white soales. An obsolete terminal line, showing a few 
white scales. Fringes dark, narrowly interrupted with whit« between 
the nervules. 

Posterior wings pale blackish at base, beyond which they are whitish. 
A very intense, distinct, black demi-band, crosses the middle of the 
wing, furcate, sending ofi' at the center, inwardly, a black dash, which 
is not continued to costa. Beyond the median black hand, is a pale 
interspace, succeeded by a narrow, black, somewhat undulate, subtermi- 
nal band, widening between the nervulea to costa. Terminal space 
shaded with yellow-olivaceous scales. Fringes white, narrowly inter- 
rupted with olivaceous at the extremity of the veins. 

Under surface olivaceous brownish. Anterior pair crossed by three, 
distinct, undulate, brownish lines ; beyond, a subterminal brownish 
»ihiide band, furcate at costa; disc covered with brownish scales, sprinkled 
with olivaceous. Posterior wings whitiah at anal angle and along inter- 
nal niargio, crossed medially by two distinct black bands, of whibh the 
outer, the least distinct, joining the inner on medio-poaterior nervule, 
dentate on the nervulea. A subterminal, broad, brownish, shade band. 

Head, sufficiently prominent, less so than in the foregoing species ; 
eyes, moderately salient; antennee, long and stout. The squammation 
of the head and thoracic region is nnicoloroos with anterior wings, 
without markings; on the metathorax laterally, a blackish aub-tuft. 


T2 [AnouBT 

Abdomen, paler thaa thorax, with lighter lateral scales sarronoded with 
blaok, fonniD|^ more complete maonlations towards the base ; beneath 
paler, somewhat brownish oinereoua. L^;b clothed with yellowish oli- 
vaueooB scales ; tarsi annulate; posterior tibiee strongly spurred. Maz- 
illee moderate. 

Kesembles Sphinx PampMliitc, Cram. PI. 394, fig. E.; if we allow 
great latitude to the figure, we may perhaps regard it aa the species 
intended. Cramer's figure has the posterior wings nearly all blaok, 
while the general color is much as in S. affiUta. The course of the 
transverse lines on anterior wings, differs in detail. 

One male specimen. Esp. 3.60 inches. Length of body, 1.60 inch. 

SaiiVa(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

mimbef 85 Poeff-i MSS. Oatalogae. 

In the shape of the wings this species somewhat nearly resembles 
iS*. repentifius, while the head and eyes are larger, more salient, and 
the general coloration very difierent and peculiar. Independent of 
these the ornamentAtJon, though displaying a somewhat similar pat- 
tern, is quite distinct. 

The difierent species I have here finally alluded to, and already 
vaguely characterized as cinereous, roughly -scaled species of Sphinx-, 
will need a generic revision j provisionally, these are better referred to 
the typical genus of the family. 

Xrinnjlt Csieni. 

^Mnx Oaieas, Cram., II, p. *2, PI. 126, fig. P. (17T9.) 

" " Fabr., Bp. Ins. II, 151, 49. (IT8I.) 

Thryxta Oiieus, HQbner, Yen. Schm. 13T. (1816.) 
Aneayx Caicua, Walt, C. B. M. VIII, p. 228. (1866.) 

" " Clem., Byn. N. A. 8ph. J. A. H. B. Phil. p. 17". (18S9.) 

" " H-8., Corr. Bl. p. 60. (1865.) 

The external margin of the anterior wings is entire, not denticulated. 
Cramer's figure is quite recognizable, his best in the genus perhaps, 
while the specific name is hable to some confusion, since there is ano- 
ther species called Oacm by the same author, Plate 46, fig. E, (Dilfi- 
phonota Vacus Burm.) belonging to the same genus, though but dis- 
tantly resembling the present species. 

Two specimens, % and ? . Exp. % 2.80, 2 3.00 inches. Length of 
body, % and 9 , 1.70 inch. 

ffabitat—Cahs-, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. PhU. 

Number 95 Poey's MSS. Catalogw. 

Misled by a certain correspondence, which the modified omamentatitm 


1S65.1 78 

of the present species bears to D^ephUn /tiwniiVa,— Httboer, dovbtlaflB 
without antc^tieal acqoKiDtance with £. (Mtcut, hu regarded it u oon- 
genericftl vith the European species. 

Srianyii ZUa. 

^tnz EUo, Linn., Sjat. Nat. 800, 13. (ITM.) 

" " Drury, 111. Eiot. Ins. I, 48, pi. 27, flg, S. (ITTS.) 

" Fttb., 8p. Ins. II, U3, IT. IITPI.) 
" " Cram., Pap. Exot, IV, 24, 301, fig. D. (1T82.) 
Srinnyii Silo, Ililbner, Ver>e<ch. p. 139. (ISIS.) 
Bpkita SUv, H&rriB, Cat. TS. Am. 8ph. p. 2»T (IT) No. 11. (1S3T.> 
Anceryx EUo, Walk., C. B. M. VIII, p. 2a-». (186B.) 
DilophfMeta EUo, Burm., Byet. Ueb. Bph. Brai. p. 13. (1868.) 
Anceryx EUo, Clem., Byn. N. Am. Sph. p. ITS. (1859.) 
'• H-8., Corr. Bl. p. St. (1886.) 

Two specimeoB, % and 9 . Kxp. % 3.00, 9 3.60 inohes. Length ol' 
bodjl 1.80, 9 2.00 inches. 

£fc6-fai.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Jfumber 221 Po'-^s MSS. Catalogt^. 

The female has the anterior wings evenly aad entirely cinereons, all 
markings — except tfae terminal and subterminal arcuated interspaoeal 
row§ of blackish dote, which are nearly obsolete — are entirely wanting. 
Cramer's fignre is very defective, and barely recoguiEable. 

XriBnTii rlmoia. nov. sp. (Plate 2, fig. 1, % .) 

Anceryx xyran. Walker, C. R M. VIII, p. MS. (1856.) f 
Not j^Atnz Myron, Cram., IV, 23, pi. 301, fig. E. (1T82.) 
AneeryxaeyriHif H-S., Corr. Bl. p. SB. (18flS.) 

Anterior wings cinoreooB, traversed by brown, irregularly undulate, 
zig-tag lines. Extreme base at costs brown, with two blackish brown, 
short, broad, dashes, the upper immediately below the costa, the lower 
parallel, and iiDoiediBtely below the subcostal aervure. A pale cinere- 
ous space succeeds, projected nearly to the extremity of the disoal cell 
at the middle of the wing, traversed by two faint, undulating, oblique, 
brown lines, Ituited exteriorly by a distinct, slightly undulating, brown 
line, which is strongly marked inferiorly to internal margin, and runs ob- 
liquely from costa to discal cell, thence inversely very obliquely to inter- 
nal margin, which It joina near the base of the wing, directly below the 
coato-baaal dashes. A second, similar brown line to the one last men- 
tioned, runs shortly parallel, separating below the third m. nervule, 
thence running straightly to internal margin, thus leaving a cinereous, 
somewhat triangular space on internal margin. The wing, between 
these lines and beyond, is shaded with brown. No discal dot. An in- 
terrupted, costal, cinereous space, beyond which, three undulate, brown 
lines, of which the outer very faint, all very plainly marked at coet«. 


74 [AtaDsT 

snd ramiiiig obliquely, Bligfatly amuted, to internal margiD, the middle 
one most diatiiiot, and mnaing eloeeiy parallel to the seeoad brown line 
mentioned above at interaal mai^n, the latter line apparently joined to 
the inner tine at about the middle of the yriag. 

These fine transverse lines form a figure which somewhat resembles 
a sprawling K. A blackiah-brown, linear dash, in the interepaoe be- 
tween the first and second median nerrules at base. A oinereona shade 
spreads from the oosta, where it ia narrow, outwardly to ezteroal ma^n 
above the second m. nervule. Apical space, limited inwardly by this 
shade, of a brownish hue; nerrules cinereous with brown spots; two' 
dark brown, disconnected, msoulur sbadelinee, of which the ante-apical 
is the most distinct ; fringes cinereoos. 

Posterior wings, bright yellow at base, with very wide blackish mar- 
ginal banda, traversed by two black lines, which are more distinctly per- 
oeirablewheu crossing a cinereous patch at anal angle; costa very pale ; 
fringes cinereous. 

Under surface of both pair of wings rather pale brownish, suffused 
oentrally with a warmer shade, and traversed by regularly undulate- 
dentate, darker shade lines, of which one is very distinct and prominent. 

Head above, and collar, brownish-cinereous; thorax, cinereous, with 
blackish median line ; abdomen, cinereous, with two dorsal, interrupted, 
black Hoes, and with broad, segmentary, black, lateral demi-bands. 

The female resembles the male ; the transverse lines on the anterior 
wings are medially more obscured by pale brownish, and more obsolete ; 
subcost&Ily, the apex is whitish. 

Exp. % AM inches. Length of body I.61) inch. Exp. $ 3.20 inches. 
Ijength of body 1.60 inch. 

^a6iVa/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soe. Phil. 

Jfumf>fr 88, Pbe^'s MSS. C<italogue. 

This is impossibly to be referred to Cramer's figure E, PI. 301, which 
is a caricature of any lepidopterous insect, I imagine. Dr. Herrich- 
Sofateffer doubtfully refers this species* to Cramer's " »<^i-o»," while 
E, rimota is apparently the species so determined by Mr. Walker, 
Until an origiual for Cramer's figure be found, if found it can be, wyroji 
may be placed on the lists as a doubtful species, while the grossnees of 
the figure will probably lead to the rejection of the specific name. 
T do not enter into the disagreements of the present species with Cra- 
mer's figure, for the reason that I can find no striking resemblance be- 


1865.] 75 

tweea tbem to make it worth while to institute the oompuieoD, the 
figure remtDdiDif one equally of any epeeies of the Kenui, or indeed any 
'- Sphinx " with yellowieh BeoondarieH. It would he an act of injnstioe 
to Datnnlisis, were Bpeoiea referred as int«nded by earlier anthore on 
grounds, even mnoh more tenable, than those whioh authorise me to de- 
scribe the present as a new species. Prof. Poey writes, respecting an 
vnpablisbed HSS. name for this species : " H-8. 1'a rfau de Paris sons 
ie nom de Mnechiu." 

IriniiTii Alope. 

apMinx Alope. DiHTy, Tol. I, fiS, pi. S7, fig. 1. (ITTO.) 

" " Cram., 1, 23, pi. 801. flg, Q. (1782.) 

Erinnyif Alope, Hubn., Ten. 8cliin. p. 139, So. U»2. (ISIB.) 
Anctryx Alope, Valk., C. B. M. Fart Till, p. 225. (ISM.) 
ZHtopHwiote Alope, Burro., Bph. Brat p. 13, (185(1.) 

Anetryx Alupt, Clam., &ja. N. A. Bph. J. A. N. 8. FhIL p. ITT. (lUS.) 
" " H-8., Corr. Blatt. p, 90, (ISflS.) 

The specimeDH accord Buffioiently well with the citations, as to pre- 
vent any doubts of the correctness of the determination. The anterior 
wings, in my specimens, are generally paler than in the original figures ; 
this is noticeable particularly in the male, in which a paler shade ex- 
tends along the lover half of the wing, from before the middle of inter- 
nal ma^in, obliquely to external margin, lattor dentioulatod ; in the 
female the wing is darker, ruore unioolorously btackiah-brown. 

Two specimens, % and $ . Exp. i 3.60, 9 3.80 inches. Length of 
body % and 9 , 2.00 inches. 

Habitat.^CuhA, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 
Number 77, Poejf'i XHS. Catalogue. 
■rinarli KwiaM*, noT. ip. (Plate 2, flg. 3.$.) 

Anterior wings, deep blackish^brown, all the transverse tines sabob- 
Bolete. A sub-triangular, subcoato-apioal, cinereous patoh; a diatiuotly 
defined cinereous patoh at about the middle of internal margin, beyond 
whioh the region within the internal angle is shaded with dull cinere- 
ous scales, which show as pule margins to the subobsoleto, transverse, 
subtermioal, undulating blackish lines; extornal margin denticulate; 
nervoles, intorruptod narrowly with cinereous; at base of wing, a few 
cinereous haire. 

Posterior wings, dull reddish ferruginous, with a narrow, blackish, 
shaded border; dull cinereous at anal angle, where a black line is appa- 
rent; fringes, from anal angle along internal margin, whitish. 

Under surtaoe, dull brownish ; base of both wings whitish, especially 
posterior pair; discof sntorior pairvery distinctly covered with reddish 
termginous, hairy scales ; costa at base, and towards the centre on pos- 


T6 [August 

terioF wingB, irrorate with ciaereonB Boales; no mediaa darker eha<le 
Unas M IQ A. oenoirw; sabtermiDal d&i^er flhade dentate, sabobaolete. 

Head, and thoracic r«^<m above, very deep brown ieh-black ; on the 
■Uas, anteriorly, a few cinereooB scales, which extend laterally on pro- 
thoracic region. Metathorax, clothed with ferraginouB-oinereoua scales, 
which extend centrally on the disc; thorax, bi-creeted. 

Abdomen, above, black, banded with whitish hairs which margin the 
segments posteriorly; dorsally, the scales are paler than laterally, form- 
ing a lon^tudinal shade stripe. Legs, cinereous ; tibiae, darker. 

Two specimens, £ and $ . Exp. % 3.40, ; 3.10 inches. Length of 
body % 2.00 inches, $ 1.80 inch. 

Habitat. — Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Phil. 

Number 78, Poey'x MSS. Catalogue. 

Nearly allied to Erinnyit ixnotrue, Gram. sp. The anterior wings are 
especially very similar. The pale ooeto-apical shade is longer, better 
defined and paler; the one on internal margin is also more determinate 
as to shape. The posterior wings are darker ferruginous than in E. 
oenotrus, and the external margin is not so deeply excavate before anal 
angle. The tegolw in the latter species are largely brownish, and the 
abdomen is the same shade, not black and not banded. The internal 
mai^n of the anterior wings in E. Meriarue, is much more nndntate, and 
the whole inaect much more robust. I do not know, from the short 
notice, what species is intended by Dr. Herrich-Schieffer nnder the 
name " lenottim," and to which a second species is said to be allied. 
An inspection of Cramer's figure will show that ray determination of E. 
uenolna, as a species with unhanded abdomen, is correct. Fig. G, PI. 
301, Cramer, I refer, following Mt. Walker, to E. Ahpe. 

Named in memory of Maria Sibylla Merian, the pioneer Entomolo- 
p»t of the Eighteenth century. 
XTinnyli fEnotroi. <Flat« 2, fig. 3, 9.) 

Sphitm (Enolna, Cram., IV, H, pi. 301, fig. C, (1J83.) 
Erinnyii (Enotrua, HUba., Van. Bchm. 139. (ISIB.) 
Aticeryx (Enotmg, Walk., C. B. M. Part VJII, p. 227. (1856.) 
DilopKomita CEiwtrva, Burm., Bph. Bras. p. H. (1856.) 
Anceryx mnotnu, Clem., 8yn. W. A. Bph. p. ITT. (1869.) 
(EnoifM, H-8., C. Bi, p. 5B. (1865.)? 

Smaller than E. Merianm, more brownish, the transverse lines pltuner, 
costal paler markings, more distinct. Abdomen, entirely brownish, 
slightly margined with brighter scales on the segments. Prothorax, 
and head above, blackish, bat the thoracic region above is mostly co- 
vered with brownish hairs, concolorous with abdomen. Underneath, 
the wings are crossed, medially and subterminoUy, with dark shade lines ; 


1865.] 77 

aa tke poeterior wings tlM awdian blackish shade iiQW are eqtedally 
very distinct. On the upper surface, the anterior wings show a eeriee of 
black dots in the interspaces, inereastng in else towards internal angle, 
absent in the foregoing species; the internal margin of anterior wings 
is straighter, and the external margin of posterior wings more exca- 
vate before anal angle, than in E. J^erianm. 

Two specimens, % and 9 . Exp. % 2.75, 9 3.10 inches. Length of 
body % and 9 , 1.75 inch. 

Babitae.—Cnh&, (Poey.) t^oll. Ent. Soo. Phil. 

Mmbfr 93, Poei/'i MSS. Catalogue. 

Erinsrii mBlaneholiea, n. a. (PUte 2, fig. i, f, .) 

Anterior wings dark oinereoos in the female, mncfa shaded with 
blackish-brown in the male, traversed by many confused, inconspicn- 
ous lines. No paler patches at apes and on iaternal margin, are per- 
ceptible, while the transverse lines are more distinat terminally, and 
especially before internal angle, where they are margined with pale 
cinereous, showing the ordinary ornamentation of the genus in dkis 
respect; external margin denticulate. 

Posterior wings, reddish-ferrugiuons, with rather narrow blackish 
borders, the nervnlea within, touched with blaokish dots, much as in 
the two preceding species ; external margin more excavate before anal 
angle than in E. Meriante, much as in E. aeuotrus, whiob E. melon- 
cholica more nearly approaches. 

Under surface brownish, with ferra^nom scales on the disc of ante- 
rior pair; posterior wings whitish at base, below costal region, along 
internal margin, reddish over the discal regic»i. The under soriace 
very generally resembles that of the two preceding species, while the 
transverse median and subterminal dark shade bands, crossing both 
pair of wings, are moat distinct in E. leiiolnu, in which Uie median, on 
anterior pair, is more appreciably sinuate. In E melanehoHca the 
inner (median) bands are less distinct, becoming macnlar, especially in 
the female — in E. MeriaiiM the inner bands are obsolete and generally 

Thorax, bl-crested; head, and thoracic region above, brownish-black 
in the male, in the female cinereons-blaok, paler laterally in both sexes, 
tegulee with an interior cinereous stripe. Abdomen, paler brown, not 
banded, very similar to that of E. osnotrvt, alike in color in both sexes. 
The B^ments are fringed with mixed paler and darker hairs, and two 
dona) longitudinal shade lines are very distinct. Underneath the ab- 
domen is paler than in Mther E. Mertanse or E. venotrut. 


78 [Acau8T 

Two ^McimeDB, % sad ; : Bzp. % 3.00, 9 S.IO inches. Length of 
body % 1.80, ?1.6U inch. 

ffofiiVof.— Gaba, CPt>«y.) Coll. Ent. 80c. Phi!. 

If umler 222, Pbeif' a MSS. Catalogue. 

Tbis species is very confusedly marked, and difficnit to describe, ex- 
cept by comparisoD with its allies E. Merianm, and E, oeaotrun. With 
the latter it has a similar!^ of abdominal coloration and omanientAtioD, 
while the generally paler primaries, the absence of the characteristic 
paler patches, and differing ornameDtatlon of the tegulie, will separate it 
from either of ite above mentioned allies. Somewhat as in E. Ello, the 
% anterior wiuga show darker shades on the upper surface. I do not 
rect^niie, from the incompleteness of Dr. Herrich-Schieffer's remarks, 
either the present or the following species, in any of the specimens re- 
ferred to, but not named, under this genns, in the pages of the Corres- 
pondeni Blatt. Itissimilar, bnt larger, than frutn^ui^&jcura {Sphinx 
abucura Fab.), a specimen of which I have not seen, but judging by a 
figure, shown me by Mr. Calverley, it is sufficiently distinct to prevent 
confusion, without adding ^rther to the comparative description. 

■riniqrls pallida, n. B. (FUt« l.flg. B, 9.} 

Sise moderate, approaching that of E. obicwra Fabr. sp. Entirely, very 
pale, cinereous. Anterior wings, entirely pale cinereous, without mark- 
ings, except a darker, transverse, very deeply undulate, subterminal line, 
forming an arcuated series of subqbsolete blackish dots on the nervules; 
a few darker scales along the first median nervnle. 

Posterior wings, pate reddish-brown, with a narrow, darker, indefinite 
border, becoming largely whitish before iDteroal mai^n at base, and at 
anal angle. 

Under surface of anterior pair, pale brownish ; posterior pair almost 
entirely whitish ; both pair crossed by a subterminal darker shade band, 
which is very indistinct. Head, and thoracic region, pale cinei 
latter darker above, witbiut any markings on the tegula. Abdomen, 
very pale cinereous, with two longitudinal, dorsal, darker, shade lincK. 
Under surface almost whitish ; legs cinereous. 

A single female specimen, Exp. ? 2.30 inches. Length of body 
1.30 inch. 

BabitaL—CahA, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phil. 

Number 956, Poeg't 3fSS. Catalogue. 

Approaches the following in coloration, but is a much larger, non- 
gattat« species, with difierentJy colored secondaries, and generally paler. 


1865.] 79 

■riuTli ffottduli. 

Araxryx juf/utoris, Valkec, C. B. M. Pwt VIII, p. MT. 18Wt.) 
" " Clem. 8yn. N. Am. Sph. p, ITT. (186B.) 

" " H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. «0. (ISU.) 

Two Bpecimeos, % and ; . Exp. % 1.75 ioeli. Length of bod; .80 
to l.UO inch. 
floAiV.i/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Cotl. Eat. Soc. Philad. 
Number 87 Paey't MSS. CaKdogut. 

Mr, Walker, in traDSoribing the generic name ErinnyU, fW)m Hiib- 
oer, bas altered it to Eriiutfft — for what reason I kDow not. As is the 
case with HalUiihta and Ampl^pteriu, which read HcUeiidola and 
Amhlypteru* in the Cat B. H., I preenme it u the reealt of a umpte 
error of transoriptioa. 

(BHOBAXU, Walker. 
<BBManda Boetnlftraii. 

iSnomnda noetu\formi*. Walk., C B. M. Fart Vtll, p. SSI. (IMtA.) 
« " dam., Syn. N. A. Sph. p. 18T. ^1859.) 

Four Specimens, % I $ 7 . Gxp. % and 9 , 1.40 inch. Length of 
body, 5 and 9 , .70 inch. 
Zr«W(u/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Bnt. Sop. Philad. 
Nvmhfr 835 of Po^'» MSS. Catalogue. 

I eannot see any affinity to Perignw'a in this genns, composed of one 
of the smallest species in the family, although the color of the posterior 
wings recalls that genus. Their shape, and the general stmctnre of the 
species, show that the position Mr. Walker has assigned to it, is approxi- 
mately correct, while its position here, from want of intermediary genera, 
is somewhat isolated. 

I giye here a List of the species of Cuban Sphingidte, that I have 
become autoptically acquainted with through the Collection of Prof. 
Poey. I am led to believe that the latter embraces the great majority of 
thespecieeof this family found on the Island of Cuba, since it is the resolt 
of inveatigatioDS carried on fbr a series of years. It does not however 
include all the known species taken on the Island, while the Numbers 
119, 65:;, 834 and 1017, of Prof. Poey's MSS. Catalogue, remain un- 
represented by specimens. In regard to the occurrence of a species of 
*■ the genua Setia Walk., in Cuba, Prof. Poey writes : " (No. 834,) tkisbe 
Fab., — Nous n'avons pas retrouv^ oette esp6ce; elle a 6t6 prise & la 
HaTanae par M. Coulunges; je I'ai vue dans la oolleotion de M. Rip- 
pert, ii Paris." 

While I have given in the present article the Numbers of Prof. 
Poey's HSS. Catalogue, nhioh accompanied the insects, I have not 
thought it necessary to give the MSS. determinations of the Professor, 


80 [AcousT 

in the synoDymy of the different apeciee, for the reasons that aamee are 
wantingfor some of the species, and that those given are generally diacor- 
dant with those that I have adopted, partly owing to tiie faot that but 
three genera we recorded as valid ia the "Catalogue," vis: ^^ Amplw- 
t>yx," "Sphinx" and " Macroglotmi " oerbunof the rest being regarded 
as Bub-genera, while in no instance do I conclude this elaesifioatory 
Tiew to be admisaable. I am, therefiofl, inclined to believe, that it 
would but needlessly increase the synonymy, to quote these MS8. 

Respecting the Lepidoptera that have been errooeonsly referred to, 
as occurring in C«ba, principally by M. Lucas, ia the work of M. 
Ramon de la Sagra, Prof, Poey says : " Cette Liste (Poey's MSS. Cata- 
ii^ue) renferme tout ce qu'il y a d'authentiqaemeDt connu sur les Ije- 
pidoptSres de Cuba ; tons lee autres, ioi noa port^, doiveat Stre exclns ; 
surtout ceux qua M. Lncaa, eutomoIogistA euineot (damnandse memo- 
rise in rebus lepidopterologicis cubanis) & incloa dans I'ouvrage de M. 
de U. Sagra." 

This MSS. Catalogue of M. Poey, will be referred to in other artjcles. 
now preparing on the Cuban representatives of other lepidopteromt 
Families, included in the Professor'B Collection and in the possession 
of this Society, 

In regard to the critical remarks of Dr. Herri ch-8chseffer, adverse 
to the course pursued by certain American Entomologists who have 
included the West Indian lepidopt«rous &ana, with that of the United 
States, I may say a few words. The lepidopterous fauna of the South- 
ern States is yet but little known, but judging from what material I 
have had access to, it Beems to me that the Faunal Map by Dr. LeCoute, 
published by the Smithsonian Institution is very approximately cor- 
rect In thiB, the author includes the Southern parte of Florida and 
Texas, in a different Zoological Province, from that which embraces the 
Atlantic States. In studying the members of the present family from 
Cuba, it is very evident that most of the genera have acquired a dif- 
ferent expression, from that which they display in the Atlantic States, 
while but few, e. g. AeUopos, (vide Macragloiaum balteatum Kirtland,)* 
and Dr.ilephila, retain their approximate sigaiScatioa. Eapyrrhogton- 
SKni, HiTneroplanes, CaUiomma, Packylia, Amhulyx, Amphonj/x and 
(Enoxanda, are unrepresented in the Atlantio States, and add much 
new value to the family ; while this has totally lost the Northern 
American genera Lepuetia, Deidamia, Thffreux, Geratomia and Ln- 
para, while I urn led to believe that Smerinthui is but feebly repre- 


1865.] Hi 

sented, and loseg most of ita exproBsioD in the West Indies. Darapm* 
Walk., IB nnrepreaented in Prof. Poey'e Collection. 

It will require a nicer critical comparison thaa I am able to ingtitnte 
here, to bring out the fe»turea lost and gained, and to strike the bal- 
ance; sufficient is, perhaps, already adduced to decide, that we have 
entered on a. new Zoologioiil ProTinoe in leaving the United Statew. 
while for the purposes of coDvenience of reference, the fauna of conn- 
tries so adjacent to our own, may be included in Zoological Catalogues 
of the North American Continent, without any impropriety. 

*The genila Darapia Walkeri is not represented in the pregeot CoUeotioD. 
According to 017 arrBngemeat of the North Americaa Spkingida, it shoald in- 
augurate the Tribe C/uerocampini. HUbner, in his " VerBeichniee," arranges it 
as hJB '• Family C, Uncinati," while ita affinities are plainly with Chierecampa 
and allies, with analogical reaemblances to Oalliomma in the preceding Tribe 
MaerogloMini. Htlbner'a generic name, proposed for the two consonant Spe- 
cies — Chariltii and Myron — has priority over Mr. 'WalkBr'a, and should be re- 
tained for our genus. The species are as follows : 

OTCB, HUbner. 
Otni OlMsillu. 

Sphinx Charilui, Cram., Eiot. Ill, SI, PI. 247, fig. A. (1782.) 
Aihinx Azniea, Abbot A Smith, Ins. Ga. Vol. I, 53, PI, 27, (1797,) 
Olua c/urriltu, HUbner, Vers. Behm. p, 142, So. 1 J2a. (ISIS.) 
Charocampa chmrilua, Harris, Sill. Journ. Vol. 36, p. 302. (1^39.) 
Darapia cltariim, Walker, C, B, M. Part VIII, p. 183. (IS&B,) 
" Clemens, Syn, N. Am. Bph, p. H7. (1859.) 

ifoftitat,— Atlantic District '. Coll. Eat 3oo. Philad. 

ifM JuyroB, Cram., Eiot III, 91, PI. 247, fig. C. (1782.) 
\inx pampinatrix. Abbot i, Smith, Ins, Qa. Vol. 1, p. bb, " 
w Myron, HQbner, Vers, Bchj. 142, No. 1524. (1818,) 

Abbot * Smith, Ins. Ga. Vol. I, p. bb, PI. 88. (1797.) 

'524. (1818,) 

Ig. 321-322. (1923.) 
Vol. 3fl, p. 801, (1839,) 

Charocampa Pammnatrix, Hams, B 

Darap»a Myron. Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 

" " Clem, Byn. N. Am. Sph. p, 147. ^ia^n./ 

.ffoMtot—Atlantic District! Coll. £nt. Boc. Philad. 
Otiu TMiioolor. 

Oiaroeampa vtrncoUyr, Harris, Sill. Journ. Vol. 36, p. 303. (1839.) 
? ■' Walker, C. B. M, Part VIII. p, 131. (1356.) 

Darapia veriieaUrr, Clemens, Syn, N. Am. Sph. p. 148. (1S£9.) 
HiAital — AtUntic Distriet 1 Coll. Ent. 80c. Philad. 
Otni Fbaliu. 

Sphinx PhoUin, Cram., Elot. Vol. I, 137, PI. 87, fig. B, (1779.) 
Darap»a Phoiv*. Walker, C. B. M. Part VIII. p. I84. (1856.) 
" ■■ Clem., Bjn. N. Am. Bph 148. (1849.) 

.Boiifae.— West Indies. (Cramer.) 

Darapta rhodoetra Walker, far which Mr. Walker forms a Group in bis genus, 
I am autoptically unacquainted with. It appears to me to form thti type of ix 
distinct genus, for which the generic name proposed by Mr. Walker might Yv 




AEL10?0S, HQbner. 

^Mnx (ttan Cram. 

Atllo. titan Hubner. 

^Ai'na tantalua Lidd. 

Aello. tantalus HQboer. 

EUFnutHOGLOBSirK. Grote. 

Maeroglaamm »agra Poe;. 

Eupyrr. aa^ra Grote. 

ESTO, Hubner. 

Sphinx luffiibriif Lion. 
En. luj/vbrit Hubnar. 


p(»ndotli;reui Grote. 


£[pAinz luaai Fab. 
Ferig. lusca Walk. 


Macroglosaa lefebiirii Lucne. 
Periy. hfebvrii H-S. 


i^Ainz fieaafiu Cram, 
Oj/iioOT. lycaatvs Walk. 

FEBO£BA, W&lk. 
Sphinx thorateg Huboer. 
Ferg. (Aorote* Walk. 


Sphinx Ttethua Cram. 

CAaroc. nechva H-9. 
BunaiacUl, H-8. 
irro»t4, Grote. 

Oreutpareu* Hobner. 
Oharoe. porcat H-8. 
foUnionll, Grote. 

^ihina teria Drury. 

Cheerae. terea Harris. 

taWwleyi, Grota. 

Sphinx lintala Fab. 
Deil^i, lineata Harris. 
PITTT.Am'KT.W, Harria. 

Bphira: vitit Linn. 
miam. viiie Harris. 

Sphinx ftuciatus Sulier. 
Pkilam.yatdaiut H-B. 

Sphinx tycoon Cram. 
Philam. tycoon Grote. 
^hitix lainuca Line. 
Fkilam. labru^cm Walk. 

PAcanu, Boisd. 

Sphinx ficat Linn. 

PiwA,>m« Walk. 

Inomata, Clemens. 


5pAvnx ttrigilis Linn. 
-4mi. girijtiM Walk. 

^Ai'iTz ^nniunM Stoll. 
.<l7n6. <;an(uieiu Walk. 


Sphinx tetrio Linn. 

Pseudoa. Utrio Barm. 

* Or, PAflon. jiiMticatiu Gruto. 


Sphiia! OMtiBiu Drutj. 
Avtph. anbEM Pooj. 
dtip«lloK*l, Foey. 

8FHIXX, Linn. 
nuliM, Cramer. 


oiiipiUts, Liaa. 
■brontai, Drurj. 
affliats, Orote. 

XBmmB, HQbaer. 

■ Or, SpMnx eabtMit Grote. 

lucdlo Lidh. 
m. ello HQbner. 

Sphinx alope Drury. 
.EWnn. alope HObner. 

i^iAinz flenctnu Cram, 
^i-tnn. txtKtruS HQbii«r. 
mslMiBlKiUaa, Grote. 
pallida, Grote. 
Amxn/x ifiiltvliaHi Walker. 
Srinn. gviiularit Grote. 

<EV08AKSA, Walkftr. 

Ifote to the OeKKg FHiLAMPELns. 
Sioce finiehiDg the foregoinj; Notice, I have become Batisfied that 
HUbner'B figure of Dupo jumUhk represents P. vitis LiDa., Dmry, 
Cramer, etc., aod it should be accordingly transferred from P./atctalux 
to the synonymy of P. v{ti». Under P. vitis, Dr. Clemens, as I have 
stated, while quoting Drury's figure, which Is unmistakeable, describes 
specimens of P.fa*cin.tu» Sulzer sp., a name, which, though anterior, 
Mr. Walker refers as a syuonym to P.jtt» Hiibner, probably fol- 
lowing Htibner's coarse in the "Vera." Under P.juitMute {fascialus 
SuIb.), Dr. Clemens describes specimens of P. vitw of Drury & Cram. 
(except PI. 268, fig. E.) I finally conclude that Mr. Walker has origi- 
nated this synonymy, which I continue to believe incorrect, relying on 
Drury'a figure, while if the second species be not Xhi fa»ciata» of Sul- 
ler, which I have no means of definitely ascertaining from want of the 
work, Harris' name of P. Bomheckiana next comes into consideration, 
I give here the synonymy of the two species. 

Drury, Eiot. I, SO, PL 28, 
Fabricius, Sp. Ins. II, HT 
Cramer, Eiot. Ill, PI. 2SI 
Fabriciufl, Mant. Ins. 11, 
" Ent. Syst. Ill, 

Abbot k Bmith, Iiu. Gs. 1 

fig. I. (im.) 

3S. (ITBl.) 
fig.C. (ITSJ.) 
6, 39. ^1787.) 
I, 388, 41, (1T93.) 
79, PI. 40. (1792.) 


84 [AuauBT 

DupojtuaUua, Hflbner, EzoL Bohm. Lep. II. Sph. III. hag. III. (ISM.) 
" " HObner, Vert. Sehin. p. 137. (181(1.) 

" ntis, HObuar, Veri. Sohm. p. 137. (1818.)? 
PkUanipeluS mtia, Harris, C. N. Am. Sph. p. 19. (1839.) 

" jumima. Walker, C. a M. Part VIII, p. 17T. (1866.) 
■' ntis, Burm., Bph. Brae p. 3. (1SS6.) 

" jtuiieua, Clem., Syn. N. Am. Sph. p. 1ST. {18S».) 
" vili3, H-B., Corr. Blatt p. S8. (1B6S.) 

Since Dr. Herrich-Scbraffer merely cites the speoiee by name, it is 
Dot possible to know what species is intended. For the Pktlampflus 
nitit, of Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens, I retain the following synonymy. 
It is inexplicable that Drury's figure, the earliest of P. vilis, could be 
cited in the synonymy of P. /a»eiatu» m. 

Pliilampslni fiuoiatai. 

Sphinx foKiaias, Bulier, Ins. PI, 20, fig. 1. (1779.) 

" vitit. CramBr, Eiot. Ill, PI. 208, fig. E. (1782.) 
Not Sphinx vilit, Linn, Drury, etc. 

Phiiampelua Sarnbeckiana, Harris, C. S. A. Sph. p. 19. {1889.) t 
vita. Walk., C. B. M. Part VIII, p. 17B. (1868.) 
" viiis, Clem., Bjn. TS. Am. Sph. p. 156. (1859.) 

faaeiabit, H-B., Corr. Blatt p. 68. (1S«6.) 

In addition to my obaenations on P. li/ca<m, which I feel satisfied 
iire correct, I would state that it is possible that Cramer's figure wa.s 
tjtken from an individual, which had the hind wings of a specimen of 
P. natellili'i, substituted in place of its own ; similar practices have 
been before this discovered, chargeable to the nnscnipulousness of the 
p]arly Collectors. The pink anal patch is a specific character of P. 
li/caon Hiibner, Grote, which P. sarHHtin Linn, Dniry, Harris, {Pmi- 
■foi-as Hiibner) never shares. 


K'age 34, line 4, dele " JEgtsriidn." 
■' 3J, line 4, tor " the" read " a more." 

■' 34, line &, (toot note,) for "d'indequer" read "d'indiquer." 
" 34, line fl, (foot note,) for " liu" read " lui." 
■• 40, line 8, for " the" read "that" 
■' 41, line 6, for "Veri" read " Ueb," 
■■ 44. line II, for " Zuts." read " Zutr." 

■■ 45, line 6, for " Herrioh-Sliteffer" read " Herri ch-Schteffer," 
■■ a3, line 28, for " Darapsa" read " Otua." 
" S8, line 2, (foot note,) for " gehoren" read " gehSreu." 
- 63, line 4, tor "1885" read " 1859." 
The date of Cramer's 2Dd Vol. should read everywhere 1779. 


■onoKTkpli of tha FHIUBIHIDA of Fortli Amsrioa. 

BY K. T. CKES80N. 

{dnimnmieated Jw!y lOtk, 1865.) 

This extensive family ie represeoted by some of the moBt beantitiil 
species in the tribe of foseorial Hymenoptera. The genera are but 
three in number — Philanthus, Gereeria and Eucercerit, nov. gen.; the 
two former are numerous in speoies, and have a wide diatribntion, being 
found in t)urope, Asia, Afrioa, Australia, and North and South Ame- 
rica. The laBt named genus seeme to be confined to North America, 
and ia closely allied to Cercfri*, thongb quite distinct by the different 
neuratioD of the anterior wingg. The only two species heretofore de- 
scribed, and belonging to this genus, were referred by Say to Phiian- 
thug; hia specimens being males, he doubtless placed them in that genua 
because of the neuration being more similar than to that of Cerce.rh, 
while at the same time he was convinced that they ahoold form " a dis- 
tinct subgenuB." 

Little or nothing is as yet known of the. economy of our apeoies of 
this family, but they have doubtless much the same habits aa those of 
Europe, where the speoies of Pkilantkug aeem to prey almost ezcln- 
sively upon Ani/rena, Haltclus and Apis meUiJica, while those of Cer- 
cerii select different speciea of Curculionidte, and other coleopteroua 
insects, as well as Bolicti; these are stored up in their cells for the 
nourishment of their young. 

Oenue FHUASTHTB, Fabr. 
Head large, wider than the thorax, suboihioular, sometimes subquad- 
rat« ; eyes lateral, ovate, slightly emarginate within ; ocelli in a trian- 
gle on the vertex ; anteDnEe subclavate, inserted above the elypens in 
the middle of the face, not approximated ; clypeus trilobate, the lateral 
lobes of % with an appressed tuft of long silky pubescence ; mandibles 
acute at their apex. Thorar ovate, the collar transverse, the metatho- 
rax obtusely rounded, sometimes truncated behind. Wingg: the ante- 
rior wing (Fig. 1) with one marginal and three submarginal cells; the 
Fig. 1. marginal cell narrow, elongate, more or less pointed 

(T'^I^ ^'S^-...^^^ at tip ; the first submarginal cell about as long as the 
^<3^^S_;^^— "" two following, the second about half as long as the 
first and narrowed towards the marginal, receiviog the first recurrent 
nervure about the middle or a little beyond ; third submarginal larger 
than tihe second, narrowed nearly half its width towards the mai^nal, 


86 [Adoust 

and receiving the second recarrent nerrnre eitber Bbont tlie middle or 
very near its base. Lega stout and more or less spinose, the aaterioi 
tarn nliated exteriorly. Abdomen ob1oDg-ovat«, the margins of the 
segments slightly depresBed. 

J. — Bodj/fiTuij/ punetured. 
I. FUlantliiii Klorioiu, n. Bp. 

Large, blftck ; face, teguliB, two traniTerBs gpoU on b&ial Begment of abdo- 
men, and broad coDtiuuoua banda on remaining BegmentB, yellow ; ctieeki, collar, 
moet or legs, basal Begment of abdomen, and bands on Tenter, dull ferruginoue 
or honey-yellow ; wings dull honey-yellow. 

Fe.male. — Black, shining, clothed with short, fine, fuscous and och- 
raceouB pubescence; head large, minutely punctured, clothed with yel- 
lowish pubescence, long on the cheeks; sides of the face, a large sub- 
qoadrate spot between the anteunfe, clypeus and mandibles except tips, 
yellow; a large, dull ferruginous spot occupies most of the oheelc, ex- 
tending upon the occiput where the two are almost confluent; antenna 
black or pjceous, the scape, except a black line above, and the two 
basal joints of the flagellum beneath, yellow. Thorax shining above, 
closely aud more strongly punctured than the head, the punctures more 
sparse on the disk of the mesotborax, which has a very short pale fus- 
cous pubescence and a rather deep, longitudinal depression in front ; 
pectus, pleura and metathorax densely clothed with a pale ochraceous 
sericeous pubescence ; prothorai either entirely ferruginous above, or 
with a yellowish -ferruginous line on its posterior margin; postscntellam 
yellow, or ferruginous with a yellow spot on each side ; a spot ou the 
tubercles and a transverse spot immediately behind them and beneath 
the superior wing, yellowish; metathorax closely punctured, with a 
a broad, shallow depression ou the disk ; tegolse yellow. Wings sub- 
hyaline, tinged with dull hooey-yellow, the apical margins narrowly 
fuscous or fuliginous, with a slight violaceous reflection;' ncrvures 
honey-yellow. Legs honey-yellow; the four anterior tibite and tarsi 
yellow, the posterior pair tinged with yellow. Abdomen elongate-ovate, 
the basal segment strongly contracted and subglobose ; finely, distinctly 
and rather sparsely punctured, shining, with a short, sparse, yellowish 
pubescence, more obvious on the basal segment, which is convex, ob- 
scure ferruginous, with more or less black at base and apex, and with 
a transverse yellow spot on each lateral middle; the second, third, 
fourth and fifth segments with a broad, continuous yellow hand at the 
apex, that on the second covering the whole of the segment, except- 
ing a large, elongate, black or ferruginous mark ou the middle, and 
proceeding from the base; the bands on the third, fourth and fifth eeg- 


1865.] 87 

menta ara more or leas narrowed on the anterior middle, and slightly 
indentated on each side anteriorly; sixth segment with a large trian- 
gular yellow mark, covering nearly the entire s^ment above; vent«r 
pioeona, shining, the four basal segments each with a broad, continuous 
yellow band. Length 8 — 9} lines; expanse of wings 14 — 16 lines. 

Ba6.— Colorado Territory, (B. D. Walsh, Esq.) Coll. Entom. Soc. 

Two 9 specimens; % unknown. This is the largest and finest spe- 
cies yet discovered in this country, and is readily distinguished by the 
broad yellow &sciie on the second and following segments of the abdo- 
men, that on the second with a deep longitudinal indentation on the 
basal middle. The Society is indebted to the kindness of Mr. Walsh 
for this fine addition to its collection. 

2. Fhilanthiia frigidni, Smith. 

Philantktis/rigidua, Bmith, Brit. MuB. Cat. Hym. iv. p. 175,^. 
Blacky three broad stripes on face, interrupted tine oa collar, spot on tegulES, 
another on postscutellum, most of tibiee and tarsi, spot on each side of first ab- 
domina] segment, and oarrov faaoin On remaining segments, yellowj wings 

Female. — Black, somewhat shining, very closely and finely punc- 
tured, thinly clothed with a pale pubescence ; bead transversely oom- 
pressed; face flat, with a broad longitudinal yellow stripe on each side, 
and another down the middle, the former does not extend higher up than 
the insertion of the uotennec, and ends beneath in a transverse spot on 
the extreme side of the clypeus; the middle stripe is composed of a 
rounded spot beneath the insertion of the antenase, and a broad, some- 
what uneven elongate mark down the middle of the olypeus ; a dot on 
the posterior orbits, and a spot on base of mandibles, also yellow ; an- 
tennte subfiliform, slightly thickened towards the tip, the scape with a 
yellow dot at the apex within. Thorax: dorsal front of mcsothoraz 
uneven with longitudinal impreBsions; an interrupted line on the oollar, 
a dot on taberotes, sometimes nunting, and a transverse spot or dot on 
postsontellum, yellow ; scutellum shining and more sparsely punctured 
than the rest of the thorax ; metatborax very densely and finely sculp- 
tured, thickly clothed with a long pale pubescence, the tip of the en- 
closed basal space is shining and transversely pinched ; tegulte piceous, 
with a yellow spot in front. Wings subhyaline, tinged with fusco-fer- 
rnginons, especially towards the tips, which have a subviolaceous re- 
flection ; nervurea fusco-ferrug incus. Legs black or piceous ; est«rior 
tips of the anterior trochanters, spot on posterior cox^e, tips of all the 
femora, the tihiie, and base of tarsi, ydlow; a spot on the tibia at tip 


88 [August 

beaeath and remainder of the tarsi, fnaoons. Abiiomen ovate, Babde. 
preeaed, regularly narrowed towards the base, the basal segment only 
slightly constrioted at tip; minutely panctured, the apical segments 

more distinctly bo ; first segment with a rounded, sometimeB trunsTCree, 
uneven, yellow spot on each side near the tip ; the second and three 
following segments each with a narrow, Bubapical, yellow fascia, th:it 
on the eecnnd segment narrowed in the middle where it is more or less 
interrupted ; that on the third segment Ib also sometimes slightly in- 
terrupted; those on the fourth and fifth segments are oontiQuous and 
sometimes a little wavy; apical segment depressed, rugulose, rounded 
at tip ; venter smooth, shining, black or piceous-black, immaculate. 
sparsely punctured. Length 53 — 6i lines; expanse of wings 10 — 11} 

Male. — Smaller and narrower than the female ; the head is not trans- 
versely compressed ; the stripes on the face are broader, the middle 
one tapering towards the insertion of the antennae between which is a 
yellow dot; the posterior orbit has a short yellow line; the antennae 
are longer and more slender at base, the scape is yellow in front, and 
the flagellum rufo-testaceous beneath towards the base; the line on the 
collar is uninterrupted, the pleura has a transverse lunate spot beneath 
the anterior wing, the seutellum has a broad transverse yellow band at 
base, and the postscutellum has a transverse spot of the same color; the 
spot on the tegulEe is larger; the wings are clearer and iridescent; the 
anterior coxse have a large yeliow spot beneath, and the posterior pair 
are yellow at tips, with a spot on their trochanters beneath^ all the 
femora have a more or less dilated yellow line beneath, while the tibire 
and tarsi are more yellowish than in the female ; the abdomen is nar- 
rower and convex, not at all depressed; the ornamentation is much the 
same, only the band on the second segment is not broader than those 
OD the following segments; the sixth segment has a transverse spot on 
each side ; the venter has a yellow fascia on each of the second, third 
and fourth segments, the first intermpted in the middle. Length 5 
lines; expanse of wings 8 lines. 

Hah.—" Nova Scotia," (Smith) ; Canada West, (Mr. B. Billings, 
Jr.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Three 9 •, *)■>& % > Bpecimeus. A female specimen, collected in Colora- 
do Territory by Mr. James Riding, differs from those from Canada as 
follows: the three yellow stripes on the face are irregular and broken, 
the spot beneath the antenuie is much reduced, while that on the mid- 
dle of the olypeus is larger, rounded above and emarginated beneath ; 


1865.] 89 

the posterior orbits have a line ae in the male; the front of mesothorax 
is more uneven, the pOBtscntelluiu has a mere dot on ita middle, and 
the tip of the enclosed basal space of the metathorax is not shining; the 
tegnlse are almost entirely yellow; the wings are uniformly tinged with 
dull hon^-yellow ; the femora have more yellow at tips, especially on 
the posterior pair, which have nearly the apical half yellow; the spots 
and bands on the abdomen, although similarly shaped, are larger and 
nearly twice as broad ; the venter has an interrupted yellow fascia on 
the second and third Beg&ient«, suddenly dilated at the sides, and a 
small yellow spot on each side of the two following segments. Length 
6^ lines. 

3. FhtUntbui Banbomil, n. tp. 

Bla«k; face, base of ADteaaES, collar, line beneath teguln. poslBcutelluDi, spot 
o> teguln, most of legs, irregular spot on each side of first and second abdomi- 
nal Begmeats, very large and subovate on the second, and narrow emarginate 
faecin on the three following segmeDte, yellow ; wiaga fusco-bjaline. 

Femak.—B\adk, shining, finely and rather indistinctly punctured, 
clothed with a short, pale pubescence, longer and more dense on the 
cheeks ; bead broader than the thorax ; sides of the face narrowed and 
estending a little above the insertion of the antennse, a spot between 
the antennsB, sometimes transverse, sometimes rounded, the clypeus, 
mandibles except tips, and u small spot on the side of the cheek, yel- 
low; the suture on each side of the large middle lobe of the clypeus is 
more or less broadly black ; anteonee rather stout, the third joint cla- 
vate, much attenuated towards the base; scape 'yellow, with a black 
spot behind, the flagellum black, rufo-testaceoos beneath towards the 
base, the small first joint with a yellow dot in front. Thorax with a 
deep ohannel on the front of the mewthorax ; a lino on the collar, more 
or less interrupted in the middle, a transverse line beneath the anterior 
wing, a transverse line on the poatscutellum, rarely wanting, and a spot 
on the tegulEQ anteriorly, yellow; metathorax finely punctured, with a 
deep longitudinal channel on dorsal middle. Wings rather strongly and 
uniformly tinged with yellowish -fuscous, and with a slight violat-eouM 
reflection ; nervures fuscous. Legs yellow ; coste, trochanters, the 
anterior femora above, and the two posterior pairs except tips, black or 
brown, the latter sometimes pale fuscous, shading into testaceous at tips ; 
tarsi more or less dusky throughout. Abdomen rather broad-ovate, 
aubconvex, very closely and finely punctured ■ apical Incisures of the 
first and second segments deeply impressed ;■ on each side of the first 
segment a yellow spot or a transverse irregular line ; second segment 
with a lar}^, transverse, sabovate yellow spot on each side, occupying 


90 [Adoust 

th« whole length of the segment; third, fonrth aod fifth segmeats each 
with K turrow eabapioal yellow baDd, broader on the aides, more or less 
deeply ema^nated oa each side anteriorly, and very slightly inter- 
mpted in the middle; apical aegment depressed, rounded at tip, smooth 
and shining, without apparent punctures ; venter piceous-black, shining, 
immaculate. Length 7 lines; expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Mi/e. — Resembles the female in general shape and markings > the 
head is not so broad, scarcely wider than the thorax, and clothed with 
black pubeHCenoe ; the eyes are more approximated on the vertex and 
the front not so depressed ; the clypens has a triangular black mark os 
the middle anteriorly, and together with the longitudinal mark on the 
side of the face and the spot between the antennae, assumes a shape not 
unlike a W ; the spot between the antennie is sometimes confluent with 
a large subocbioular spot on the reit«x; the spot on each side of the 
cheek is situated rather lower down than in the female; the appressed 
lateral tuft of the clypens is fulvous; the mandibles are entirely black, 
polished, simple, and acute at tip; the flagellum of the antennse is 
gradually narrowed towards the base, and the second joint is cylindri- 
cal and not olavste; the scape and four or five basal joints of the flagel- 
lum are yellow, black behind. Thorax, wings and legs are same as in 
the female, except that the tegul^e are almost entirely yellow, and the 
femora are more blackish. Abdomen narrower, the markings are much 
the same, except that the first segment is generally immaculate, the 
large maculae on the second are more trunsverse and approximated on 
the middle of the segment, while the fasciae on the three following seg- 
ments are sometimes entire, and sometimes much narrowed und inter- 
rupted into narrow lines, by the tmarginations cutting through ; the 
sixth segment has two small spots on the middle, sometimes obsolete or 
wanting; the whole abdomen is clothed with a black pubescence, short 
and spanie above, long and rather dense beneath, especially towards 
the tip. Length 4i — 6i lines; expanse of wings 9 — 11 lines. 

iTdt.— Massachusetts, (Mr. James Ridings and Mr. F. Stratton.) 
Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Six 9 , nineteen S specimens. The female of this species is shaped 
somewhat like that of P. frujidus, Smith, but the markings are differ- 
ent, and may be at onee distinguished by the large ovale macula on 
each side of the second abdominal segment. 

It gives me pleasure to dedicate this fine species to my much es- 
teemed friend, Mr. Francis G. Sanborn, of Boston, Mass., a zealouti 
und valuable Entomologist. 


1865.] 91 

i. Philuthu latldutMi D. *p. 

BlMk ; face siWary ; clTpenl, ooU»r, tuberoles, BontoUnms, tega]«, two ipoti 
on metathorox, UgB in part, and broad bands on abdomen, lemon -yellow j wings 

Male. — Black, opsque, very densely and finely punctured, thinly 
clothed with a silvery-ciDereouB pubescence; head large, wider than 
the thorax; face and oheeke rather densely clothed with a fine, ap- 
pressed silvery pubescence; clypens, and mandibles except tips, yellow; 
antennie nither long, slender, Bubfiliform, the flagellum a little attenu- 
ated at base, black above, brown beneuth, paler at buse, the scape yet- 
low beneath. Thorax: an aninterrnpted line on the collar, extending 
down irregularly on each side, the tubercles, confluent with a large spot 
behind and just beneath the anterior wing, scat«llum and a dot at each 
basal corner, postsc-utellum, a large oblong-ovate spot on each side of 
mctathorax, and the tegulee, lemon-yellow ; metathorax with a nither 
deep, longitudinal channel on the dorsnl middle. Wings pure hyaline, 
iridescent; nervures pale fuscous. Legs: coxce and trochanters black 
or piceous-black ; femora dull honey-yellow, blackish at base and yellow 
at tips and beneath ; tibiae yellow above, honey-yellow beneath ; tarsi 
honey-yellow. Abdomen elongate-ovate, segments contracted at base, 
especially the anterior ones; the five basal segments each with a 
broad, continuous, lemon-yellow band, leaving the basal and apical 
margins narrowly black; the two apical segments black, immacnlate ; 
venter with a yellow spot on each side of the second segment, and a 
more or less interrupted yellow fascia on each of the third and fourth 
segmentB. Length 1 — 4} lines; expanse of wings 6i — 7 lines. 

Hab. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory, (Ridings.) Coll. Knt. 
Soo. Philad. 

Two i specimens; $ unknown. A pretty and distinct little species, 
easily recogniied hy the broad, continuous and nnifonU bands on the 

5. FUlaathBt aHMpiloint, n. sp. 

Black, thickl; clothed with white pubescence ; face, tibiffi and tanl, tegnlte, 
broad bands on three baaal aegmentB of abdomen and spot) on tbe remaining 
tegmenta, yellow ; wings pure hyaline, 

J/o/c. — Black, shining, indistinctly punctured, head, thorax, legs 
and hose of abdomen thickly clothed with a rather long, fine, white 
pubescence, a little silvery in certain lights; head wider than the tho- 
rax; the entire (kce, up to the ocelli, and the clypeus, pale yellow, 
sometimes slightly tinged with honey-yellow ; mandibles black ; the 
front slightly raised ; ant«nn(e black, gradually thickened towards the 
apex, the second joint of the flagellum cylindrical ; tbe scape beneath, 


92 [AuaoflT 

and the Beoond, third and fourth joints of the flagellnm beneftth. pale 
yellow, the l&tter fnlvons beneath towards the tips. Thorax BoniMimee 
entirely black, aoraetimea the collar haa a verj narrow, anbioterrupted 
yellowiBb line, the taberclea a spot, and the eoutellum two approsimated 
dote on its middle, but the latter are appu'ent in one speciinea only ; 
the scutelluiu is traneveraelj convex, with a slight depreaaion on its 
diek, and the metathorax haa a welt impressed longitudiiiaJ uhanDel ; 
tegulse pale yellowish. Wiags purely hyaline, slightly iridesceut; ner- 
Turea pale boaey-yellow. Legs slender, black; extreme tips of the 
femora and the tibise, pale yellow; tibite beneath and tbe tarsi entirely, 
dusky, the latter long and slender. Abdomen ovate, aubacuminate at- 
tip, the baaal segment as broad aa the second; the segments rather 
deeply inciaed at base ; firat, second and third segmenle each with a 
broad, continuous, pale yellow fascia, more or leas emarginated on each 
aide posteriorly ; fourth, fifth and sixth seKments each with a central 
transverae yellowish spot, the fourth' sometinjes with a small spot or dot 
on each side; apical segment black, immaculate, subacute at tip; be- 
neath black, immaculate, smooth and shining. Length 4j lines; ex- 
panse of wings 8J lines. 

?a&.— Illinois, (Dr. Samuel Lewis.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Philad. 

Five £ specimens; f unknown. This cnrious little species may be 
easily recognized by the head and thorax being thickly clothed with a 
beautiful silvery-white pubescence. 

n. Fhilanthn* lepidna, n, ep. 

Blaclff poliflbed ; face^ large mark between antemiffi, line on collar, tuberclea, 
teguln, postBcutelluQi, tibice and tarei, spot on each side of first segment of ab- 
donieD, and fascin on the remaiaing segmeutg, broad oa tbe second, bright 
yellaw; winga pale yeltawUb- fuscous. 

Ma/e. — Black, polished, impunctured; head large, tranavorBely -ovate ; 
the front prominent, very minutely punetnred, with a central longitudi- 
nal depression beneath the ocelli ; sides of the face, clypeus, spot on 
base of mandible's, and a dot behind the eyes, bright lemon-yellow; a 
triangular mark between the antennee, confiuent with a large quadrate 
mark above, bright deeper yellow ; the appressed lateral tuft of the 
olypeua is silky-ochraoeous ; antennee gradually but mueh thickened to- 
wards the tips, slender at base, black, the scape entirely, aud the four 
baaal joints of the flagelluni beneath, yellow. Thorax polished, with- 
out punctures ; mesothorax with a well-impressed central line, and An 
indistinct abbreviated one over the teguke ; a 4ine over the oolbr, tu- 
bercles and a transverse spot behind, and tbe postecutellum, bright 
leuoa-yellow ; melathorax short, rounded behind, smooth and polished. 


1866.] 98 

wiUi a deep elongate tbvea on the disk ; te^lre lemon-yellow. Wings 
Babhyalise, the apical half stained with jellowish-fuiconH ; nerwres 
and Btigma fulrona. Legs Blender, shining black ; apical half of the 
anterior femora, tips of the four poaterior femora, and all the dhim and 
tarsi, bright lemou-yellov ; tips of the tarsi slightly dasky. Abdomea 
orato, highly polished, impunctured, esoept at tip ; first and second 
segments rather deeply inoiaed at tip, tha former conves and rounded 
in fkint, with an oblique, ovate, lemon-yellow spot on each side towards 
the tip ; second segment with a broad, basal lemon-yellow band, a little 
oblique on the sides, and slightly Interrupted in the middle ; third, 
fourth and fifth segments each with a narrow, ajtical, lemon-yellow 
Kwoia, slightly wavy on the sides; sixth and apical segments very mi- 
nntely pnnotured and pabescent, the former with a transverse yellowish 
spot on the middle aod another on each side; apical segment immaeu- 
late, sabtmDcat« at tip ; venter polished, black, the apical middle of 
the second and following segments obscurely brownish, with a yellow 
dot on each extreme side. Length 4t huea; expanse of wings 71 llnee. 

Hah. — Rooky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. 
Ent. Soo. Philad. 

One % specimen ; 9 unknown. A lovely species, remarkable for the 
smooth, polished, imptmctureil body, and the bright lemon-yellow 

1. PUlaatliiu pnleheUu, n. ap. 

Black ; face, spot above aDtenon, collar, tubercles, tegutce, BcatellamB, tibice 
aad tarsi, and emarginated banda on abdomen, pale yellow ; wingi hyaline. 

Mide. — Black, shining, finely and sparsely punctured, slightly pube- 
scent; head transveisely ovate; sides of the face, much narrowed on 
each aide of the insertion of the antennre, clypeus, spot between an- 
tenna, a rounded, triangular, or rhomboidal spot on the front just above 
the aotennse, a spot on base of mandibles, and a -dot behind the eyes, 
more or less pale yellow, sometimes almost white ; antennee black, 
slightly thickened towards the apex, tlie second, third,' fourth and 
sometimes the fifth joints of the flagellnm are yellow io front and the 
apical joints have each a testaceous spot or stain ; in some speoimcaa 
the spot between the antennee and the larger one above, are more or 
leaa oouflueot, and the spot behind the eyes is enlai^d ; aometimee 
the tip only of the second, and the third joint of the fiagellum are yel- 
lowish. Thorax sparsely punctured; mesothoraz with a deep centra) 
channel ; a bfind on the prothorax, slightly interrupted in the middle, 
the tubercles and a spot behind, a little Iowot down, a transverse spot 
on the aeutellum, sometimes iDterrupted in the middle, and fbnuing two 


94 [AoQUST 

spots, and in one speoimeii entirely wanting, a transverse line on poet- 
seatellam, and the tegnUe, pale-yellowish, sometimes almost white ; the 
Hontellnm has a more or less deep ohannel down the middle, and in the 
specimen with immacalste ecatellam, the channel is very deep ; meta* 
thorax sparsely pnnetared, with a deep, elongate, central fovea. Wings- 
hyaline; nervores pde honey-yellow. Legs yellow; the coxse. tro- 
chanters, and the femora, esoept tips, black, Abdomen oblong-ovate, 
sparsely punctured, shining; first segment convex, rounded in iWnt 
and contracted posteriorly ; second segment also slightly contracted at 
base ; first segment with a median pale yellow baod, more or less deeply 
emai^nate on each side posteriorly, and occssioDally interrupted in the 
middle ; the remaining segments each with a pale yellow apicul fusaia, 
jhat on the second segment broadest, deeply snd squarely emarginated 
on each side posteriorly; in one specimen this band is entire with a 
minute black specie on each side of the middle ; the fascite oa third and 
following segmeota are obtusely, sometimes squarely, emarginated on 
eacb aide anteriorly; apicsil s^ment immaculate, subtrunoate or slightly 
emai^inate at tip ; beneath smooth, shining, immaculate. Length 4 
lines ; expanse of wings 7 lines. 

Hab. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) CoH. 
Ent. Sec. Phikid. 

Six % specimens ; 5 unknown. A beautiful little Insect, closely re- 
lated to the three following species in the markings of the abdomen. 

S. FUUbQiU politni, Ba7. 

Pkila3tlh%i» polilitt, Ba;, I^ong's S&d Ezped. ii, p. 3t3; Amer. Ent plate M. 

AnOi^l^iu p<ilitKi, Dahlb., Hjm. Earop. i, p. IBO. 
Black: faoe, line on oollar, aometiinea inlarrupted, tno apota beneath the 
wingB, line on poatacutellum, spot on each aide of first segmentof abdomen, and 
emarginated bands on the remaining aegmenta, white; tibio yellow; wings 
tinged with palp yellowiBh-faseoua. 

FemaU. — Black, polished, with deep scattered punctures ; vertex 
slightly prominent, densely and very minutely sculptured; sides of the 
&ce, suddenly narrowed on each side of the insertion of the antennie, 
dypeus, a transverse spot between the antennce. and a dot above, be- 
tween it and the ocelli, line on the mandibles, and a spot or line behind 
the eyefl, white; antennie black, thickened, the flagellnm narrowed at 
base, Mvous beneath, the scspe white beneath. Thorax with scattered, 
rather fine punctures; two transverse spots or an intermpted line on 
collar, tubercles and a spot behind, line on postscntellum, and the teg- 
nlte, white ; melathorax with a deep fovea on the dorsal middle. Wings 
stained with pale fulvo-fusoons, hyaline at base; nervnres pale honey- 


1866.] 95 

yellow. Lega bla^k ; extreme tipi of (he femora and the tlbbe exte- 
riorly, pale yellow ; the latter blaok beneath ; the fbar anterior tatei 
honey-yellow; the poeterior pair blackish. Abdomen ovate, highly 
polished, with scattered deep panctares ; basal Hegment oonvex, ronnded 
at base and constricted at tip, with a white rounded or transverse spot 
OD each side ; second segment with a transverse white line on the apical 
middle, aod a aubquadrate spot on eaeh side, sometimes the middle line 
is wanting; third, fourth and fifth segments have each a narrow, apical, 
white fascia, deeply emsi^nated on each side anteriorly ; apioal seg- 
ment depressed, rounded at tip with two indistinct whitish spots at 
base ; in some specimens the second segment has a continuous fascia, 
very deeply and squarely emarginated on each side posterioriy; vcnt«r 
smooth and polished, immaculate. Length 4} Hoes; expanse of wings 
7} lines. 

Hah. — " Pennsylvauia," (Say, Smith) ; Massaohusette, (Ridings) ; 
Illinois, (Dr. Lewis and Mr. Walsh) ; Rocky Mountains, Colorado Ter- 
ritory, (Ridings). Coll. Ent. Soo. Philad. 

Thirteen 9 specimens; % unknown, nnlese it be the P. dubiu* de- 
scribed below. 

Ulmiu, n. Bp. 

Black, pubeseenl \ face, line on collar, two spoto on acutellum, line on post- 
BCUtellum, tibin ezteriorlj, and faecite on abdoman, aometimeB mare oi Icbb in- 
terrupted and emargiaated, whitieh ; ffinge hyaline. 

Female. — Black, shining, head and thorax rather thickly clothed 
with a short, fine, whitish pubescence, finely and sparsely punctured; 
head transversely subcompressed ; sides of the face, extending a little 
above the slight emarginatjon of the eyes, a longitudinal line above the 
insertion of each antenna, cl;rpens except a lai^ black spot on each 
lateral lobe, a line on the mandibles, and a spot behind the eyes, all 
obscure whitish ; antenna; gradually thickened towards the tips, black 
above, the scape whitish beneath, and the flagellom, except basal joint, 
fulvous beneath. Thorax: line on the collar, two sabobsolete longitu- 
dinal lines on the mesothorax, a spot beneath the anterior wing, two 
spots on BcntelluiD, a line on postacutetlum, and the tegolse, obscure 
whiljsh ; in one specimen the collar has only a short line on each side 
above, the mesothorax and scntellam are immaculate, and the poetscn- 
tellum has only a npot on each side ; the markings are ail indistinct ; 
mesothorax closely punctured, abrupt on the sides and behind, the disk 
with a shallow longitudinal fovea. Wings hyaline, iridescent, slightly 
tjngod with pale fuscous towards the tip; nervures pale honey-yellow. 
Legs slightly pubescent, black; apioai half of the anterior femora, tips 


96 [August 

of the two poeterior pairs, and the tibiie, ezeept a blackish line heneath, 
very pale yellowish-white ; tarsi mora or less dusky. Abdomen ovate, 
shining, slightly pubeecent, especially at base, with rather deep, scat- 
tered pUQctarea; first segment convex, ronnded at baae and contracted 
at tip, the other segmenU rather deeply incised at base; each segmcDt 
with an apical, obsonre whitish fascin, bi-UDdulnte on the first segment, 
with a deep emargination on each side posteriorly ; the other foscin 
are clouded with dusky posteriorly ; in one specimen the markings are 
much less developed, the basal segment has only a small spot on each 
side, the second and third segments have the tascim deeply emsTginated 
on each side posteriorly, while those on the two followiog segments are 
interrnpted into three spots on each segment by the emar;;! nations oat- 
ting through ; apical segment with a broad continuous band at base, 
the segment depressed, obtusely rounded or subtruncate at tip ; beneath 
shining, immaculate. Length 4} lines; espanse of wings 8 lines. 

ffo6.— Illinois, (Dr. Samuel Lewis.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Two 9 specimens ; % unknown. Very similar to F. politu» Say, but 
the head is difierently marked, and the wings are clearer. 

10, Fbilantliiu dablnl, n. apJ 

Black ; Bides of face, clypeue except acuneiromi mark on disk, a spot between 
antennte gometimeB connected with a large murk above, collar, tubercles, po9t- 
Bcutellum, tibiEB and tarei, apot on each side of first abdominal segment, and 
narrow em arg ins. ted bands on remaining segments, jellow; wings etained with 
pale fuBCOue, clearer at base, 

Mah. — Shaped and sculptured like P. polifut Say. Bkck, shining, 
sparsely punctured, and with a thin short white pubescence, more ob- 
vious on the face and sides of metathoraz; sides of the face, clyponti 
except a cuneiform mark on the disk, gpot between the antennee, eome- 
t^mes coanected with a larger, rounded, transverse or broad sablanceo- 
late mark on the middle of the vertex, a spot or line behind the eyes, 
a dot on each side jnst behind the ocelli, and a line on mandibles, all 
yellow; anten nee black, the scape within and a spot on the second, 
third and fiiurth joints of the flagellum within, yellowinh, the latter 
fUvons beneath. Thoras': slightly interrupted line on the collar, tu- 
bercles and a. spot behind, tegulic, and a line on postscntellum, yellow. 
Wings stained with pale fulvo-fuacous, the basal half hyaline ; nervures 
pnle honey-yellow. Legs colored as in f. politui, except that the tarsi 
are paler. Abdomen shaped, sculptured and marked similar to that 
of P. poUtnx, but is more pubescent, especially at the apex ; the two 
apical segments are immaculate, the last obtuse ; beneath pieeoua-blach, 
immaculate. Length 3f — 1} lines; expanse of wings (il — 7t Udos. 


F"6.— New York, (Ashton) ) lllinoia, (th-. Lewis and Mr. Walsh.) 
Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Eleven I speciniena. This is probably the % of P. palitiu Say, al- 
though I am by no nieatis certain that it is ; the sculpture and mark- 
ings are very similar, the greatest difference being in the color of the 
markings, which are yellow id this species, and milk-white in 

II. Philontlmi bllnnatai, n. sp. 

Black, polished ; sidea of the face, nljpeuB, apot on vertei. collar, tubercles, 
poBtBcittellum, tibiffi anil tarei, two lunate spota on aecond aegmentof abdomen, 
and narrow emarginated faaciffl on three following aegments, lemon -jellow ; 
wings dusky at tips; abdomen narrowed and couatricted at base. 

Idal^. — Black, polished, impnnctured, except on the vertex, which 
is closely and very minutely punctured; head large, transversely ovate; 
Bides of the face, clypeus, small trinsverse line just abuve the clypeus, 
and a lar^ suborbieular spot on the middle of the front, yellow ; man- 
dibles entirely black; antennse black, the scape within and u spot on 
the second and third joints of the flagellum, yellow. Thorax impnnc- 
tured, very thinly pubescent; slightly interrupted line on the collar, 
apot beneath the anterior wing, line on postscutellum. and the tegulce, 
yellow ; metathoraz convex, rounded behind, with a deep elongate fovea 
on the disk. Wings hyaline at base, the apical half stained with pale 
fulvo-fuscouB ; nervurea pale honey-yellow. Legs black; extreme tips 
of the femora, and the tihiss and tarsi entirely, yellow; posterior tarsi 
dnsky at tips. Abdomen ovate, much narrowed and constricted at 
base, highly polished, impunctured ; basal segment convex, rounded at 
base, sometimes with a yellow dot or line on each side of the middle; 
second segment with a large, trani^verse. lunate, yellow mark on each 
side, sometimes almost eonflnent on the middle; the three following 
segments each with a narrow, apical yellow fascia, more or ln-'f deeply 
emarginate on each side anteriorly; two apical segments slijjhtly pu- 
bescent, immaculate, the last, subtruucate at tip ; venter polished, im- 
maculate. Length 4J lines; expanse of wings 7J lines. 

^ufi.— MaasachusettB (Stratton) ; Illinois (Walsh). OoU, Knt. Soc. 

Five % specimens, 9 unknown. .\ handisotue little species, rcudily 
distinguished by the polished, impunctured body, and by the abdomen 
being much narrowed and somewhat strangulated at hatie, with two 
lai^e lunate marks on the second segment ab"ve. 


JJ,— iiody eoarstfy pmictwed. 
13. PUluitliu Tantilabrii, Fabr. 

PhilanOmi ventilabnt, Fabr., Ent. 8y>t. Sappl. p. £68. Coqueb, IH. loon. 
p. Bfl, pi. 22, fig. 2. 

Fhilanthua vertilabrit, Fabr., Byst. Pies. p. 303. Say, Amer. Eatom. plate i». 

Anlhophilw vertilahrig, Dahlb.. Hym. Earop. i, p. 497. 
Black i face, large spot on front in ^ , base of antennBB, collar, tuberelea, tsg- 
alte, postBcutellutn, legs except base, and faBciw on abdomen, interrupted on 
first, and broadest on second segment, yellow j legs fulvous at base^ wiaga eub- 

FeTnale. — Black, opaque, very deoselj and grossly paactured, slightly 
pabesceot ; head much wider than the thorax, the iroot slightly pro- 
miDent; sides of the face not extending above the iuscrtion of the 
anteDDEe, clypeus, mandibles except tips, two elongate spots between 
the insertion of the antcnnie, confluent beneath, and with a small, more 
or less distinct spot between them, and a line behind the summit of 
the eyes, yellow or very pale yellowish -white; antennae rather short, 
thickened, black above, the sca[>e and two basal joints of flagellum be- 
neath, whitish, rest of the flagellum beneath fulvous. Thorax with a 
well-impressed central longitudinal line above ; collar, tubercles and a 
large spot behind, tegulse, and a line on postscutellam, whitish, yellow- 
ish-white or yellow; nietathorax more densely and finely sculptured, 
abruptly truncate behind. Wings uniformly stained with pale yellow- 
ish-fuscous ; nervures dusky honey-yellow. Legs honey-yellow ; tips 
of the four anterior femora more or less, and the tibite exteriorly, 
white; tarsi dusky. Abdomen ovate, not narrowed at base, with rather 
close, deep and coarse punctures, much coarser than those of the tho- 
rax ; first segment with a lateral transverse yellowish mark ubout the 
middle, pointed within ; second segment with a broad basal yellowish 
band, slightly interrupted in the middle; the third, fourth and fifth 
segments each with a yellowish- white apical fascia, with the anterior 
margin more or less uneven, dilated on the sides; apical segment 
.srooDih, depressed, rounded at tip, with a whitish spot on each side at 
base; beneath black, immaculate, finely punctured and shining. Length 
(! lines ; expanse of wings 1(J lines. 

Matr. — Resembles the female, but the head is not so transverse, 
the markings are bright-yellow; the front, above the antennse, has a 
large transverse spot; the anteonas are longer, curled at extreme tips, 
the three basal joints are entirely yellow, the fourth, fifth and sixth 
joints are yellow beneath and fuscous above, the five following joints 
have a pule spot beneath, the apical joint is dilated, curved, compressed 
and truncate at tip; the tarsi are paler; the wings more dusky at tips 
and faintly subviolaoeous ; the abdomen is sometimes tinged with ful- 


1865] 99 

vouB at base, the first segment has a more or lesa broad jellow band, 
sometimeB widely, sometimes narrowly, interrupted in the middle; (he 
band on the second segment is entire; the remaining segments have 
the fasciiB similar to those in the female, and the eiith segment has 
also a narrow fuscia on its apical margin ; the venter is more or less 
tinged with pieeons, immuculate. Length same aa 9 ■ 

JuJ.— Pennsylvania (Cresson) ; Delaware (Dr. Wilson) ; Illinois 
(Walsh and Kennieott); Kocky Mountains (Ridings) ; " North Caro- 
lina and East Florida" (Smith). ' Coll. Em. Soo, Philud. and Chicago 
Academy of Sciences. 

Seven $ , sii £ specimens. 

13. Fhilaathni frontalii, n. ep. 

Blocit ; face above and beloir antennie,>base of aat«DD[B, callur, tubercles and 
ft mark behind, tegule, postacut^llum, tibiie ftnd tftrsi, ftad uninterrupted faecin 
on abdomen, yellow ; winga fulvo-fuscous : base of lega fulToua. 

Mate. — Deep black, opa(|ne, very densely and deeply punctured, 
slightly pubescent; head transversely ovate, prominent on the front; 
the face beneath the antennje connected with a very large transverse 
mark above the antennae, occupying nearly the entire front, clypeua, 
spot on mandibles, and a spot or dot on each aide of the occiput, bright 
lemon -ye How ; antennse shaped and colored as in P. vt-ntifabris. Tho- 
rax : meaothorax with several longitudinal impressed linea, sometimes 
obsolete ; collar, mberciea, and a large elongal* spot behind, tegulee, 
and the poatscutellum, lemon-yellow; metathorax more densely and 
finely aculptured, abruptly truncate behind. Winga pale fulvo-by aline, 
darker and aubviolaceoua at tips ; nervures fuscous, stigma and costa 
honey-yellow, paler anleriorly. Lega yellow; coxse, trochanters, and 
femora, except tips more or less, honey-yellow; tibite sometimes dusky 
beneath. Abdomen elongate, the sidea parallel, with close, very deep 
and coarse punctures, much coarser than those of the thorax; the two 
baaal aegments each with a broad, continuous, lemon-yellow band, that 
on the first situated on the middle, that on the second at base, the lat- 
ter sometimes emarginated on each side of the middle posteriorly ; fijur 
following segments each with a narrow apical yellow fascia, more or 
less uneven anteriorly and each gradually narrower than the other; 
apical segment immaculate, rounded at tip; venter black, shining; 
finely punctured, the segments with an obscure brownish stain on their 
apical middle. Length 5i — 6J lines; expanse of wings 9 — 10 lines. 

ffat.— Rocky Moun., Colorado Ter. (Ridings.) Coll.Ent.Soc.Phila. 

Four % specimens ; J unknown. Closely allied to the preceding spe- 
cies, and may possibly be a variety of it. 


100 [AvavBT 

14. PUUntlivi pnnotatoi, S&y. 

fhUanthus punctaiia, Bay, Iiong's Second Expedition, ii, p. 342. 
Anthopkilus gibbome. Dahlb., Hym. Europ. i, p. 102 J 9 . 
Cheilopogonua purtcliger, Westw., ZoUl. Mag, v, p. 441, pi. 32, flg. 4. 
Blsck; face, epaC between anteDnss, collar, Bjiot beneath the wingB, puslauu- 
tellum, legs in part, brood band on eecoad abdominal segment and the narrow 
apical margins of the following segmentB yellow ; winga duiliy. 

FniKile. — Black, rather shiDing, with Urge, de«p, sparse puncturee, 
slightly pubesceiit; head transverse, much wider than the thorax, the 
vertex very deni^ly and finely punctured, the face, cheeks and occiput 
sparsely si) ; sides of the face, clypeus, spot between the antetiDse, spot 
on ba^ I'f luandiblei!, und a dot behind and another just above the 
surouiit of the eyes, yellowish, sometimeB obaoure ; antennte bluck, 
gradually thickened towards the tips, the scape yellowish beueath. 
Thorax above with lurj.'e, deep scattered puucturea, smaller and more 
dense on the pleura ; collar, tubercles and a spot behind, tegulie and 
the postscntelium, yellow; metathurax closely and finely punctured, 
pubescent, with au elongate, rather deep fovea on the disk. Wings 
stained with pale fiiaooua, darker at tips, paler at base, slightly iride- 
scent ; nervures fuscous, yellowish at base, as well as the costs and 
stigma. Legs; ooxse, trochanters and base of femora, black, apical 
half of the latter honey-yellow ; tibiae and tirsi yellowish, the latter 
dusky at tips. Abdomen ov^ite, with large, very deep and coarse punc- 
tures ; the incisures between the segments very deep ; basal segment 
strangulated, and immaculate ; second segment with a broad, continu- 
ous yellowish band at base; apical silbmargins of the two or three fol- 
lowing segments with narrow yellowish, sometimes wavy, fascia ; apica) 
segment smooth, shining, impunctured, immaculate, and roundeil at 
tip; beneath black, shining, immaculate. Length 4^ — hi lines; ex- 
panse of wings 7i — SJ Unes, 

M'lti'. — Olosely resembles the female, but differs as follows : the be id 
is less transverse, the face has only a yellow stripe on each side, a cen- 
tral spot on the clypeus. and another of the same size on the middle ot* 
the front, immediately above the untennte, the latter are longer, the 
scape baa a yellow spot at tip within and the base of the flagellum is 
ofti'n more or less tinged with yellowish; the scutellum has a yellow 
spot or line, rarely wanting; the wings are darker towards the tips, 
and subviolaceous. nearly hyaline at base; the basal segment of the 
abdomen has occasionally a yellow dot on each side ; the two apicitl 
segraenta and the venter are immaculate. Length same as 5 . 

Ual. — Penn, (C'resson); New Jersey (Creseon); Delaware (Dr. Wil- 
son); New York (Angus); Mass. (Ridings); Virginia (Ridings); 


1865.] 101 

"Indiana" (Westwood); IIliDois (Dr. Lewis, Wslsh and KemiiooU). 
Ooll. Eat. Soc. Philad. and Chicago Academy of Sciences. 
Six 9 1 eleven i specimens. 

15. PUltntliui albitroni, n. sp. 

Black ; face white ia 9, gidea of face, clypeua aod large round apot od the 
troat in % also wh[Ce; interrupted line on collar, teguln, sput beneath the 
wingB. line on postecutsllum, tibin and tarai, epot on each side of first abdomi- 
nal Begment, broad interrupted band on second segment and apical fascin on 

Ff-mah. — -Black, ahining, thinly pubescent; head and thorax with 
sparse fine punctures, the former transverse and much broader thun 
the thorax ; the face beneath the antennee, extending a little above on 
the fronbtl orbits and a little eniargioated between the antennsa, and 
the clypeus, white; mandibles, except tips, and a line behind the sum- 
mit of the eyes, yellow; antennse black, rather short, thickened, base 
of the flagellum narrowed, the joints with more or less distinct testa^ 
ceoos spots beneath, the scape whitish in front. Thorax : mesothoraz 
sparsely punctured, with a broad shallow dorsal channel, and a finely 
impressed longitudina] line op each side over the t«galce; scutellnm 
with a centra) impressed line ; an interrupted line on the collar, a spot 
beneath the anterior wing, poatscutclliun and the tegula). yellowish- 
white; metathorax pubescent, closely and indistinctly punctured, with 
a central impressed longitudinal line. Wingfl stained with fulvo-fus- 
cous, darker and subviolaeeous at tips; nervures boney-yellow. Legs: 
COZES iind trochanters black; femora boney-yellow, black at base and 
yellow at tips, especially on the posterior pair ; tibife and base of tarsi 
yellow ; rest of tarsi more or less dusky. Abdomen oblong-ovate, 
strangulated at base, the second and third segments deeply incised at 
base ; the three basal segments with very deep, large, scattered punc- 
tures, t be apical segments almost impunctate, smooth and polished; 
basal segment globose above with a yellow spot or dot on each side of 
the middle ; second segment with a broad, median yellow band, always 
interrupted in the middle; the three following segments with an apical, 
continuous yellow band, dilated on the sides; apical segment dusky, 
yellow at base ; beneuth piceoug, polished, the second and three follow- 
ing segments with a yellow spot on each side, very small on the second 
segment, and very large and sometimes coufinent on the following 
segments. Length 6 lines; expanse of the wings 10 lines. 

Muk. — Very similar to the female, diflfering principally in the orna- 
mentation of the head, which has a broad line on each side of the fuce, 
a large rounded spot on the front just above the anterfnie, the clypeus 


102 [ArousT 

entirely except a. black dot on the apical middle, and an oblique line 
or dot bebind the eyee, all white; the antenDse are loajcer and more 
slender, especially so at base, entirety black except a whitish spot on 
the second, third and fourth joints of the flagellum beneath ; the wingB 
are mnch clearer, being only slightly dusky at tips; the fenjora are 
entirely black except the tips, which are whitish ; the markings of the 
abdomen are much the same, except that the narrow yellow or whl^b 
tasciee on the apical mai^ins of the third and three following segments 
are more or less wavy, the apical segment is black, and subtruncate at 
tip ; beneath black, slightly pubescent, with a white dot on the extreme 
aides of the second and following segments. Length 5J — (ij lines; 
expanse of wings 9i— lOi lines. 

Hah. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soc. Philad. 

Five 9 , two % specimens. A very handsome and distinct species. 
16. Fhitanthui flavlfroni, □. sp. 

Black ; fdce, mandibles, base of antenntp, posterior orbits, collar, tegulm, two 
Bpots beneath the wings, postsoutellum, two spots od metatborax. moat of lege, 
and broad bands on abdomen, the two first interrupted, yellow; wings dusky. 
Female. — Black, shining ; head without distinct punctures ; the face, 
extending a little above the anteanse, both in the middle and sides, 
olypeus, mandibles except tips, a long continuous line on the cheeks, 
extending on to the occiput, and two small oblique lines behind the 
ocelli, bright yellow; antennae black above, fulvous beneath, except 
the three basal joinU which are yellow. Thorax polished, with fine 
sparse punctures, very sparse ou mesothorax, which has u rather deep 
dorsal ctannel and a faintly impressed longitudinal line on each aide 
over the tegulse; collar, tubercles and a transverse spot behind, a large 
triangular mark on each side of the pleura, tegnlee, an oblique spot at 
each basal corner of the scutellum, a line on the postecntellum, and a 
lai^e rounded spot on each side of the metathorax posteriorly, bright 
yellow; Bcutellum longitudinally impressed on the middle; metathorax 
very closely and rather finely punctured, slightly pubescent, with an 
elongate rather deep fovea on the disk. Wings tinged with yellowish, 
dusky at tips ; nervures dull honey-yellow. Legs yellow ; the coxas, 
trochanters, and base of femora more or less, black, the former with a 
white spot beneath; tips of the tarsi a little dusky. Abdomen ovate, 
slightly strangulated at base, the second and third segments deeply in- 
cised at base ; the three or four basal segments with very deep, large, 
coarse punctures, becoming smaller towards the tip ; first and second 
segments each with a large transverse bright yeilow spot on each side, 


1865] 103 

those on the firat much the smalleat; the three followiog segments 
with a broad, cootinnoua bright -yellow, apical band, more or Iras nar- 
rowed in the middle anteriorly j apioiil segment dusky yellow; beneath, 
die second and three following Begment§ are yellow, the apical middle 
more or less dusky and the second with the basal corners black ; apiool 
segment dusky. Length 5^ lines; expanse of wings 9it lines. 

Hah. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Eidings.) Cotl. 
Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Two 5 specimens ; % unknown. This lovely and very distinct spe- 
cies is readily distingaisbed from the preceding, by the yellow face, 
the long continuous line on the cheeks, the two large spots on metatho- 
rai and the yellow venter. 

The following species are unknown to me : — 
IT. Philanthu ■olivagu, 8a/. 

Philanthm solitmgus, Saj, BoBt. Jaam. Fat. Hist, i, p. 3S3. 

" Black, with Buiall punctures; tergnm fasciate on each segment. 

" Inhabits Indiana, 

" % Body black ; punctures numerous, small ; bypostoma, anterior 
orbits, to the emargination, and large spot above the insertion of the 
anteontB yellow : collar, margin yellow, slightly interrupted in the mid- 
dle : stethidium immaculate : wing-scale yellow : wings very slightly 
tinged with dusky; nervures fuscous, towards the base and. stigma 
honey -ye 1 low : tergum, segments having each a greenish-yellow band 
OD the posterior aubmargin, that of the first segment largest, the others 
subequal ; sixth segment immaculate: pleura, pectus and venter im- 
maculate : knees, tibife and tarsi yellow ; posterior pair of tibise with a 
spot on the posterior tip, and their tarsi above tinged with ferruginous. 

" Length two-fifths of an inch." 

18. PhiUBtlini barbatn*, Smith. 

I-MlantAus barbatut, Bmitb, Brit. Mus. Cat. Hym. ir, p. 473. 

" Male. Length 5 lines. — Black : closely and rather finely punc- 
tured on the face ; the vertex shining, the punctures scattered ; the 
anterior ocellus placed in a fossulet ; the clypeus, anterior margin of 
the lace, inner orbit of the eyes not quite so high as their emargina- 
tion, and a large ovate spot above the antennse, yellow; the face fur- 
nished with a long dark beard on each side of the clypeus or its ante- 
rior mar^n. Thorax shining, sparingly punctured ; a spot beneath 
the wings and the postscutellum yellow ; wings fulvo-hyaiine, the ner- 
vnres pale ferruginous. Abdomen shining, the first segment with a 


104 [AnflusT 

few l&rge deep punctures, or fovese ; the second negment with aimiUr 
puDCturing; the third segmeot has a. few pnoctures on ite apical mnr- 
giD ; a minute spot on each aide of the baeal eegiueat; a broad inter- 
rupted lascia in the middle of the second segment; the third, fourth 
and fifth segments with a narrow fascia on their apical taHrgins, nb- 
mptly widened at the lateral niargius, yellow ; beneath, black. 
'' //«/>.— North America." 

19. PhiluitliiLi araliTgnlfciTmij, Smith. 

flWoniAuj crabroni/ormig, Bmith, Brit. Mue, Cat. iv, p. tH. 

■' Mak. Length 4J lines. — Black ; the face below the antennfc, with 
a liae continued upwards along the orbit of the ejea ae hi<;h as the 
emargination, a large campaaulate-shaped spot above the clypeus, a spot 
behind the eyes, two on the vertex, the mandibles, scape, and three 
baeal joints of the flagellum in front, yellow ^ the head large, shining, 
finely but not closely punctured. Thorax : the hinder margin of the 
collar raised, yellow, and subinteirupted in the middle; the tegulte. 
tubercles, two spots beneath the wings, two on the acutellum, the post- 
acutellum, a spot at tlie lateral posterior angles of the metutborax, the 
apex of the femora, the tibise and the tarsi, yellow ; the wings fuWo- 
hyaline, the nervurea pale ferruginous, with a faint cloud beyond the 
marginal cell ; the mesothorax smooth and ahining, and having a few 
Bcatt«red punctures; in the middle ia a deep longitudinal channel, and 
B finer one on each side; the posterior margin closely punctured in 
front of the scutellum. Abdomen shinipg, with deep scattered puno- 
tares ; the first segment with a broad alightly interrupted band in the 
middle; the second segment has a broad baud at its base, its hinder 
margins waved ; the two following segments yellow, except their ex- 
treme base ; the three apical segments entirely yellow. 

" Hah. — California." 

BUCES0SBI8, nov, gen. 
Head large, wider than the thorax, 8uhquadrat«, wider and more 
transverse in the 9 , with the face much broader anteriorly; eyes late- 
ral, more or less ovate, entire; ocelli in a triangle on the vertex; au- 
tennte snbclavate, inserted above the clypeus, in the middle of the face, 
approximated; mandibles stout, acute or subacute at their apex; cly- 
peus 3-toothed at tip, and trilohat* in % , scarcely so in ? . Thorax 
ovate, the collar trantverse, the metathorax obtusely rounded or sub- 
trnncate. VHngii : tfae anterior wing with one marginal and three sub- 
marginal cells; the $ has the marginal cell obloog and obtusely rounded 


1865.] 105 

at tip, the first snbmarginal c«11 mach loDgei Uian the two ibllowiag, 
Fig. i, 9 - the Becond triangalar, petiolated, and recemng the 
S-C^^^^,,^^ first recurrent nervore before the middle, the third 
^•^ ~~ Bubmarginal very lai^, snbqtiangalar, the tip ei- 
ceediog that of the raai^nal, the second reoarrant neirnre uniting 
vitb the second transverse cubital nervure (see Fig. 2); the I has the 
mai^nal rather shorter, euhtriangular, eHpeciallj at base, trancate or 
subtrunoate at tip, the posterior nervure descending in a gradual curve, 
and the inferior edge in an angle, to meet the superior ungle of the 
second submarginal cell, which is triangular and oblique, receiving the 
Fig- 3, % . first recurrent nervure before the middle ; the second 
I either unites with the second 
? transverse cnbital nervure, or is received near to the 
base of the third submarginal cell which is shaped much as in the 9 t 
bat varying in being a trifle shorter and more quadrate (see Fig. ^. 
Leg* Btout, rather strongly spinose, the posterior tibise serrate, the an- 
terior tarsi cilhited exteriorly, but not strongly so. AbdoTnen as in 

This genus is much more closely related to Cerceris than to Philan- 
thiu, to which the two described species have been referred ; it differs 
from the former genus especially in the nenration of the anterior wings, 
which, however, shows a remarkable difference ia the male and female. 

I. EoMrearii leuatu, Say. 

PhilantKns tonatua. Say, West. <Jnar. Bep. n, p. T9 ; Amer. Entom. plate 49. 
Black; face, line between antennce, collar, two Bpoti on icntellnm, line on 
postacutellum, two marks on metathoraz, and bunds on abdomen, the firet two 
broad, the otherH narrow, yellow; base of an ten nee, and legs honey-yellow; 
wingB fuseoua, violaceana, ooata darker beyond the base; tegulce and legs 

Ftmah: — Black, opaque, densely and deeply punctured, clothed with 
a very short indistinct golden pile; the head large, very broad and 
transverse, the face flattened, the lower part very wide, longitudinally 
prominent between the antenns;' a large triangular mark on each side 
of the face, the clypena except the extreme apical margin, and a longi- 
tudinal mark between the antennee, yellowish ; lateral lobes of the cly- 
pens a little concave, the central lobe sparsely punctured and shining ; 
mostof the cheeks and occiput obscure ferruginous; mandibles polished, 
reddish-brown, black at tip, with a large, triangular, obtuse, black- 
tipped tooth above near the base ; antennaa slender, the basal half pale 
rafoDS, the apical half black. Thorax : sides of the prothorax carinate, 
the posterior mai^in yellow ; scutellnm dull ferruginous, with a yellow- 


106 [AcatrsT 

iah spot OD each side at bue, as well u a liae od the postscnteDnm ; 
metatfaonz densely and strongly pnuotored, with a la^ sabpyrifonn 
yellow mark od each side, the paaotures od the eaclooed basal epace 
maniDg into slightly oblique strife, with a finely impressed line down 
the middle, continued to the tip of the metathorax ; tegulaa honey- 
yellow. Wings fnli^nouB, much darker on the anterior margin, with 
a deep violaoeous reflection; aervures fnsoous; costal nervnre honey- 
yellow. Legs entirely honey-yellow. Abdomen opaque, very densely 
and finely puoctured; first sc^pnent small, black, with a broad apieal 
yellow band, deeply emarginated on the middle anteriorly ; second seg- 
ment yellow, with the basal margin irregularly brownish, and a trans- 
verse ferrt^^nous dask on the middle ; the three following segmenta 
each with a narrow, continuous, subapical, yellow band; the extreme 
apical margins of all the s^ments shining brown ; a stun on each side 
of the third segment, and the apical segment almost entirely, reddish- 
brows ; apical segment obtusely rounded at tip ; venter piceous, shin- 
ing, sparsely punctured, the second segment fulvous. Length 7} lines; 
expanse of wings 12 lines. 

Male. — Differs from the female as follows .' — the face beneath the 
antennae is entirely yellow, this color extending upwards on the ante- 
rior orbit for a short distance above the insertion of the anteDnae ; be- 
tween the antennte there is a longitndinal yellow line almost reaching 
the anterior ocetlas; the mandibles are honey-yellow, black at tips; 
the cheeks aud occiput are black, excepting a fulvous dot behind the 
eyes ; the collar has a narrow intermpted yellow line, the postscatellum 
a yellow line ; the BCutellnm is always black, generally immaculate, one 
specimen only having a yellow dot on each basal corner; the tnetatho- 
inly a small yellow spot or dot on each side at extreme tip, 
s subobsolete; the tegulce has a yellow spot in front; the 
wings are clearer, being subhyaline, with the broad anterior margin 
commencing at the base of the first submai^inal cell of the wing, yel- 
lowish-fascons, darker at tip and in the second submarginal cell ; the 
legs are paler, with the tibi^ and tarsi more or less yellowish ; the 
coxae, trochanters and femora within and at base, are sometimes black- 
ish ; the abdomen is black, with the yellow markings much as in the 9 , 
except that the apical half only of the second segment is yellow, with 
a transverse black line across the middle, more or less confluent in the 
middle with the black at the base of the segment ; the sixth segment 
with an interrupted, subobsolete yellowish wavy band at tip, sometimes 
wanting, and occasionally the band on the fifth segment is abbreviated 


1866.] 107 

on e&ch Bide; apioal segment flattened, subquEtdrate, truncate at tip, 
with the apical aa^lra acnte ; the venter has a traneveree reddiah^bromi 
Btatn on the apes of the eeeond and ODe or more of the following seg- 
ments. Length 6 — 8 lines ; expanw of wings 10 — 12} lines. 

Hah. — "Arkansa," (Say); lUinoii, (Dr. Samuel Lewis and Mr. 
Walsh.) Coll. Ent.8oo. Philad. 

One 9 , six t specimens. ThU is donhtleas the PhUanthu* zonattu 
of Say, although h« says nothing of the broad yellow bands on the 
two basal segments of the abdomen. 

t. BoMreOTis latteaps, n. sp. 

Bluk : spot on each aide of face and posterior orbits 9 , base of &nteiiniH, and 
mandibles except tipa ferruginouB; face of %, interrupted line on collar, spot 
on each side of metathorax, and interrupted bandi on first and second abdomi- 
nal oeglnentsi yellowiBh ; legs hone^^alloir ; wingi fnu:o>fajaliDe, mneh darker 
on the anterior margin. 

Female. — Black, opaque, very closely and deeply pnootored, clothed 
with a very short iudistinct golden pubescence; head very wide, and, 
as well as the &ce and miindihles, shaped as in the preceding species ; 
an irregular triangular mark on each side of the face, a spot on middle 
of clypeus, mandibles except tips and upper margin, and broad poste- 
rior orbits, rufo-ferrn^nous ; antennfe slender, black, the three basal 
joints fulvous. Thorax shaped and sculptured as in the preceding 
species; a narrow interrupted line on the collar, and an ovate spot on 
each side of the metathorax, obscure whitish ; postscntellam faiutly 
tinged with brownish ; tegulse testaceous, with a yellow spot in front. 
Wings colored as in the preceding sp>eciee. Legs bright huDcy-yetlow; 
ooxse, trochanters and base of the femora behind more or lees blackish. 
Abdomen shaped as in the preceding species, black; first segment 
with abroad aubapical yellow baud, slightly interrupted in the middle; 
second segment with a subtri angular yellow spot ou each side at tip; 
apical segment tinged with browuish, upper surface flattened with the 
sides acutely can nated and the tip obtuse ; beneath piceous, shiuing, 
with the apical margins of the segmeota more or less brownish, length 
7 lines; expanse of wings 12 lin^ 

MaU. — Differs from the female as follows : — the head not so broad ; 
the face beneath the antenuie is yellow, this color extending upwards 
on the anterior orbit for a short distance above the insertion of the 
antennse; between the antennae there is a longitudinal yellow line 
almost reaching the antArior ocellus; the clypens has a small black 
line on each side of the middle lobe, with the three teeth at tip also 
black ; the collar and metathorax are immaculate ; the wings are clearer 


108 [AcauBT 

except the anterior msr^n which is almoet as dark as in the 9 ; the 
femora are almost entirely black beneath, and the tibiee are slightly 
tinged with yellowish exteriorly ; the second and third segments have 

each a aubapical, narrow, yellow fascia, that on the third sugueat in- 
terrupted on each side ; apical segment subquadrate, sparsely pane- 
tured, the sides raised, the tip Bubtrunaat«, the apical angles aonte; 
beneath piceous black. Length 7 lines; expanse of wings 11} lines. 

Hulj. — Massaohusetto. (Hidings.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Two 9 , one % , specimens. Very similar to £. ionotve in the shape 
and scnlpture, but quite distinct by the different coloration. 

i. EvaeToarii inperbna, n. sp. 

Black ; face, mandibles, collar, spot beneath the wings, brsaet, base of lege 
and broad bands on abdomen, yellow : most of legs honej-jellow , winge eub- 
hyaline, first submarginal cell yellow, the tip beyond dark fuliginous, viola- 

Male. — Black, slightly shining, very closely and deeply punctured, 
thinly clothed with a short palish pubescence; the entire face beneath 
the antennae, extending for a short distance upward on the anterior 
orbit, a spot above and between the antennae, and the mandibles ex- 
cept tips, bright yellow ; the cheeks have a dull rufous stain ; antenaee 
black, the five or six basal joints fulvous, tinged with yellowish be- 
neath, the scape entirely yellow beneath. Thorax: a continuous line 
on the collar, tegulie, a spot beneath the wings, and a large triboled 
spot on the breast, between the four anterior coxec, lemon-yellow ; en- 
closed basal apace of metafhoras transversely striated, with a deep 
central longitudinal tine. Wings subhyaline ; the second submarginal 
cell bright yellow, beyond whifh the apex is dark fuliginous, with a 
brilliant violaceous reflection ; the nervures dull honey-yellow. Legs 
honey-yellow; the coxae and trochanters beneath, the four anterior fe- 
mora beneath, and the tarsi more or less, lemon -yellow. Abdomen 
strangulated at base, the segments strongly contracted at their sutures, 
and transversely impressed across their middle ; the first five segments 
have eaoh a broad, continuous bright yellow band, leaving merely the 
anterior and posterior mai^ins black; the two apical segments black, 
the sixth with a yellowish dot on each side, the seventh immaculate 
and shaped as in the two preceding species; venter shining; first seg- 
ment with a large yellow central mark ; the second and third segmentn 
honey-yellow, the former with a transverse bilobed yellow mark at tip. 
remaining segments piceous- black, the apical margins fringed with long, 
curved, fuscous pubescence. Length 7 lines; expanse of wings 13 

^aovGoOt^lc ■ 

1865.] ^ 109 

Var. % . — Much smaller, the markiDgs are lemon-yellow, tlie mark 
between and above the insertioa' of the antennee id aomeifhst wed^- 
shaped ; the ferruginouB staia on the cheek ia large, with a yellowish 
line on the posterior orbit ; the line on the collar ia slightly interrupted 
in the middle; the breast hae a Bemtcircolar yellow line on each side 
of the middle, where they are almost confluent; the postscutelliim has 
a narrow yellow line, and the metathoraz a subpyriform mark on each 
side ; the wings are paler, though similarly colored ; the legs are pale 
honey-yellow, with the cozfe and trochanters beneath, and the poste- 
rior tibiae esteriarly, yellow ; the markings of the abdomen are the 
same, except that the band on the fifth segment has a black dot on the 
middle of the anterior margin, the sixth segment has a band deeply 
emarginated in the middle anteriorly, and the second ventral segment has 
an interrupted yellow line, while the two or three following segmenta 
are brownish, with an obsolete yellowish spot on each side. Length 
5 lines; expanse of wings 9 J lines. 

Hah. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soo. Philad. 

Two i specimens ; ? unknown. This is indeed a superb species, 
the color and markings are bright and handsome, and the wings bean- 
(ifully colored. 

i. Eaoeiaerli flavoainetDi, u. ep. 

Blact ; spot on each aide of face, line between antennn, Spot at baae of cly- 
peUB, Bpot b(!htiid eyes, interrupted line on collar, teguls, tibiee and entire faB- 
ciee on abdomen, jellow; tarsi fuWoua; wings eubhyaline, the anterior mar- 
gin fuacoua. 

Female. — Beep black, shining; bead not nnnsaally wide, closely 
punctured ; a cuneiform mark on each side of the face, a line between 
the anteonse, pointed above, dilated beneath, and confluent with a 
transverse spot on the middle of the clypens, which bus sometimes a 
yellow dot on each lateral lobe, and a spot behind the eyes near their 
summit, yellow ; anterior margin of the clypeus broadly emarginated ; 
mandibles and autennro black, the base of the fiagellum slightly tinged 
with dull testaceous. Thorax shining aboTC ; mcitothoras and acu- 
tellum with scattered, rather fine punctures, the former with a short 
impressed line on each side over the tegulte ; pleura closely punctured ; 
metathorax finely sculptured, the punctures running into fine trans- 
verse striiB especially on the sides, the enclose() basal space covered 
with fine, slightly oblique strite, and with a deep central longitudinal 
channel ; an interrupted line on the collar, and sometimes another on 
the postscutellum, yellow; tegulie houoy-yellow, with a yellow spot in 


110 [AVOUBT 

troaL WiDgB sabbyaline, tinged with yellomsh, the ooeta, from the 
base of the first Bubm&rgiDsl oell to the apex of the wjng, fuaooiu ; ner- 
Torea hoaej-yellow. Legs black ; extreme tipe of the femora, and the 
tibin, except the two anterior pairs within, yellow; tarei honey-jellow. 
Abdomen shining, cloeelj punctured, the basal segment depreaaed ; the 
flret five eegmantfl above each with an entire snbapical, bright yellow 
tkeoia, that on the first segment very slightly interrapted in the middle, 
that on the second slightly dilated in the middle ; apical segment im- 
maoolate, the dorsal surface oblong, opaqoe, the apex obtose, the cari- 
nated sides fringed with foscooa pabescence, the sides of the segment 
deeply excavated ; beneath black, shining, immaculate, each segment 
iritb a deep longitudinal depression on the apical middle, and their 
a[Hcal mai^ns with deep scattered puuctures. Length 6—7 lines; 
expanse of wings 10 — 11 lines. 

Bah. — Rocky Moaatains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soc. Philad. 

Two 7 specimens; % unknown. 

6. Xnoenerit oinfalatu, n. ep. 

Black : face, line batveen kuteniiK, mandibl 
tuberclea, poBtsontellum, gpot beneath the win. 
ou abdomen, abOTe and beneath, yellow ; win 

Male. — Black, shining, thinly clothed with pale pubescence; head 
closely and finely punctured ; face, clypens, mandibles except tips, 
fVoatal orbits, a line between the antennae, and a spot behind the eyes 
near their summit, lemon-yellow ; antennn black, the scape yellow be- 
neath. Thorax above shining, with rather deep, sparse punctures, the 
pleura closely punctured; a line over the collar, tegnlss, line on post- 
soutellnm, spot beneath the wings, and most of the breast between the 
four anterior ooxie, lemon-yellow; metathorax densely punctured, 
<^)aque, the enclosed basal space a little shining, covered with fine 
transverse, or slightly oblique strife, and with a deep central longitu- 
dinal channel. Wings stained with yellowish, especially on the costs; 
nerrures honey-yellow. Legs lemon-yellow ; the coxae, trochanters 
and femora within, black ; tarsi tinged with houey.yellow. Abdomen 
with a continuous, lemon-yellow, subapioal fascia on each segment, ez- 
o^t the last, that on the second broadest and transversely emarginated 
in the middle anteriorly; apical segment immaculate, sobquadrate, 
the carinated lateral nai^n ending in a divergent acute tooth on each 
side at tip ; beneath shining, the seoond and three following segments 
each with a broad lemon-yellow band, broadest on the second segment. 
Length 5} — 6} lines; expanse of wings 9} — 10} lines. 

ibleB. spot behind the ejee, collar, 
tDgiibreaet, legs, and entire bands 
nga atained with jellowi»h. 


Sab. — Rocky MoantMoa, Colorado -Territoiy. (lUdings.) Coll. Ent 
Soo. Philmd. 

Two i speoitneiu. This miy be tha t of £. flavoemetu*. 

B. SsMrMrii fnlvlpM, d. sp. 

Black; aides of face, line between antennn, clypeus entirely in %, inter- 
rmpted into three apoU in JrCoH'r, two or three spota beneath the winga, tega- 
\», two targe spota on metathorai, line on both watelluma, and entire band* 
on abdomen, jellow; legs fttlvoua, wings hjaline, the apical coatal margin 
huoons, violaceouB. 

Female. — Black, sbining, deeply and doeely paoctured, more sparse 
on the mesotliorax and scuteUum ; a apot on each side of the face, a 
line between the antennn, a spot on each side of the olypeus, and a 
oaneiform spot behind the eyes, yellowish ; middle of clypens and the 
mandibles ftilvous, the latter black at tips, one specimen has a yellow 
spot on the middle of the clypens; antennee black, the scape within 
at tip, and the third and fonrth joints of the flagellam, fulTons. Tho- 
rax : line on the collar, tubercles and a spot behind, line on the son- 
tellum and postsoatoHum, a large ovate spot on each side of the meta- 
thorai, and a small oblique line on each aide of the enclosed basal 
space, pale yellowish; the latter obliquely striBt«d, with a deep central 
channel ; tegulse fulvous, sometimes with a spot in front. Wings hya- 
line; the costs, fkim the base of the first submai^nal cell to the apex 
of the wing, broadly yellowish-fuscous, slightly violaceous; neiVures 
honey-yellow. Legs entirely bright fulvous. Abdomen shining, with 
deep sparse punctures ; basal segment with a broad pale yellow band, 
contracted in the middle; second and three following segments each 
with a continnous, eubapioal, pale yellow band^ more or less dilated on 
the sides; apical segment immaculate, tinged with brownish, opaque, 
shaped and sculptured as in 9 E. Jlavocinctui ; beneath black, immac- 
ulate. Length 5i lines; expanse of wings 7i lines. 

Male. — Differs from the female as follows r — the sides of the face 
are broadly yellowish- white, extending for a short distance above the 
antenna on the anterior orbit ; there is a yellowish spot just above the 
clypeus, connected with a line of the same color between the antennse 
which reaches t«the anterior ocellus; the olypeus entirely, the man- 
dibles except tips are yellowish-white; the spot behind the eyes is 
round ; the scape ia yellowish within, and the second, third and fourth 
joints of the flagellum are fulvous ; there are two lai^ yeltoinsh- 
wbite marks between the wings, the lower one connected beneath with 
a longitudinal mark of the same color between the four anterior cos» ; 
the enclosed basal space of the metathorax is immaouhite ; all the oozse 


112 [August 

and trochaoters beneath, ond the anterior femora and tibiee in front, 
are white ; the markings of the abdomen above are much the same. 
except that the eixth segment has a band similar to that on the fifth ; 
the apical segment is entirely fulvous, with a divergent tooth on each 
side at tip ; the veuter is pale fulvous, the second and third segments 
have each a whitish hand, the former sinuate anteriorly, and the third 
segment has a whitish spot on each side. Length 4} lines; expanse 
of winga ~i lines. 

Hah. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soc, Philad. 

T. EaDSiceiis oaualiealBtaa, Bb.j. 

Phitanlhua eanalicvlattu, Saj. WesL Qa&r. Bep. ii, p. 79; .Inierican Ento- 
mologj, plate 49. 

" Pale yellow; vertex, disk of the thorax, and incisures of the ter- 
gnm, reddish -brown. 

" Body pale yellow ; vertex reddish-brown ; iront with two longi- 
tudinal reddish-brown lines passing through the base of the antennro ; 
antennas rufous, black at tip; mandibles black at tip : superior wings 
with a longitudinal brownish line on the middle from near the base to 
the tip ; radial cellule rounded at tip, and at its inferior angle descend- 
ing to meet the superior angle of the second cubital cellule, which is 
triangular: lergum with a transverse groove on the middle of each 
segment, and a marginal smaller one; incisures reddish-brown. 

" Obx, — When traversing the Arkansaw region with Major Long's 
party, I obtained a single specimen of this insect, which is a male ; it 
is so very similar in general appearance and color to Cerceris bidentata 
nob., that but for ite generic differences, I should almost have been led 
to consider it as a mere sexual variety of that species. But it cannot be 
placed in the genus GercerU, as the mandibles are entirely unarmed 
within, and the second cubital cellule is not petlolated, and the eyes 
are not emaiginaled." 

This species is unknown to me. The size of this insect is not given 
in the description, but the figure on the plate measures li lines in 

Genua CEBCEBIB, Latr. 
Head large, wider than the thorax, suhquadrate; eyes lateral, ovate, 
entire ; ocelli in a triangle on the vertex ; antennte suhclavate, in- 
serted above the clypeus in the middle of the fiice, approximated, 
maadibles stout and tridentate, acute or subacute at their apex ; olj'- 
peus trilobed, the middle lobe being oft«n produced into various 
shapes. Thorax ovate, the collar trausverse, the metathorax obtusely 


1866.] 113 

rouoded or Bubtmnoate. Witigt : the ADterior wing with one mar- 
ginal and three eubmarginal cells; the marginal oblong and obtnaely 
Fig. 4. rounded at tip ; the first tiubmarginal cell kinger 

than the two following, the aeoood trUngnlar or Bub- 
I triiingiUar, petlolated, aod receiving the first recnr- 
na\ nervnre about the middle ; the third moderate, obliquely 8ub< 
quadrate, much narrowed towards the marginal and receiving the se- 
cond recurrent nervure near itn base. Legg atont, spinose, the poste- 
rior tibiae more or less serrate, the anterior tarsi ciliated exteriorly. 
Alionu-n oblong, tbe first segment narrowed to one-half the width of 
the following, and subglobose, the mai^ns of the segments more or 
less constricted ; the apical segment with its dorsal surface flattened, 
bordered on either side by a sharp carii.a, and a lateral oblique plane 
also bordered by a cariDH. 

I. Caroerii fDmipennU, B&y. 

Cereerii futniptnnii, Bay, Bost. Jouro. Nat. Hiet. i, p. 381. 

Cerceru eineta, Dahlb., Hjm. Europ. i, p. 104 % . 
Block : three 8ubqaadrat« spots »n face, two spots on eoljar, poBtsoatellam, 
tmd bruod b&nd on second aegment of abdomen, yellowiah- white ; wings black- 

Ff.mak. — Deep black, strongly punctured, clothed with a short pale 
subsericeous pubescence, hoary on the thorax beneath, legs and abdo- 
men; head closely punctured, with a large subquadrate, pale yellowish 
mark on each side of the face and a semicircular or subovate one on the 
central lobe of the olypeua, sometimes mnch reduced, the lateral lobes 
densely frioged with a pale ochraceous pubescence ; anterior margin 
of the clypens truncate and cariuute. Thorax more deeply and leas 
closely punctured than the head, sericeous, especially the plenra and 
metathorax ; a transverse spot on each side of tbe collar, and the 
poetscutellum, pale yellowish ; metathorax abrupt and coarsely punc- 
tured, the enclosed triangular basal space finely sculptured and some- 
times shining; teguUe shining black, sometimes with a pale spot In 
front. Wings dark fuliginous, black along the costa, with a deep vio- 
laceous reflection ; nervuree black. Legs black, sericeous and some- 
what hoary ; a line on the four anterior tibim within, and most of the 
posterior pair, yellowish-white; tips of anterior tarsi testaceous. Ab- 
domen covered with a beautiful hoary sericeous pile, more obvious in 
certain lights, and with deep punctures, rather sparse on the second 
segment, and becoming closer on the apical segments ; first segment 
small, subglobose, flattened at base, second segment convex, with a 
broad, apical, pale yellow band, more or less attenuated in the middle 


114 [AoansT 

auMriorly ; third segment often with a email jellow spot on each side at 
tip, sometimeB reduced to a mere dot, and sometimes entirely wanting ; 
the third and following segments deeply incised at base; vent«r imma- 
oalate. Length 5J — 10 lines ; expanse of wings 9 — 15 lines. 

JUiih. — Resembles the female, but differs as follows : — the mark on 
each side of the face is larger and elongate, the clypeus has a large 
suborbicular, yellowish-white mark, often much reduced or entirely 
wanting; the clypeus has the lateral fringe golden-yellow, very bril- 
liant in certain lights ; the tegulee has a yellowish- white spot, rarely 
wanting; the winga are clearer; the band on the second segment of 
the abdomen is of equal width and not narrowed on the anterior 
middle ; the four following segments have each a narrow fascia, often 
more or less interrupted, and sometimes obsolete, especially in the 
middle; sometimes the abdomen is marked as in the female, with 
the lateral spot on the third segment always present. Length 5 — 6i 
linesj expanse of wings 8 — 9^ lines. 

Sab. — Massachusetts (Ridings); Delaware (Dr. Wilson); Illinois 
(Walsh); Louisiana (Ken nicott). Coll. Ent. Soc.Fhilad., and Chicago 
Academy of Sciences. 

Seventeen 9 , fourteen % specimens. Easily rec<^nized by the 
blackish wings, and the broad pale yellowish band on the second ab- 
dominal segment. The females vary much in size. 

2. CBTOBrii olrpeata. Dahlb. 

Cerceris clypeaia, Dahlb., Hyin. Europ. i, p. 221. 
Blaok; face more or leaa, two spots on collar, poBlaoatellum, apot on each 
side of first abdoniinal segment in <p , broad band on aecond, narrow ap[cal 
margins of remaining aegments except last, and part of lega, yeliow ; wings 

Fi-mtile. — Black, opaque, closely and strongly punctured, clothed 
with a short palish pubescence; on each side of the face a longitudinal, 
more or less developed, orbital yellow mark; the carina between the 
antennae sharply defined, sometimes with a minute yellowish spot or 
line above the clypeus, sometimes there is a yellow spot behind the 
eyes near their summit; clypeus more or less produced in the middle, 
sometimes greatly so, the upper surface moderately convex, the lower 
concave, the apical margin truncated, arcuated, or more or less emargi- 
nated, the lateral angles sometimes subacute ; above, there is a trans- 
verse yellow spot, sometimes covering the entire surface, sometimes 
much reduced, sometimes there is a yellow spot beneath; lateral lobes 
sometimes with a yellow spot on each extreme side, and an apical 
fringe of palish pubescence ; mandibles black or piceous-black, more 


1865.] IIS 

or \tsa yellowish at base, sometimes obsolctely so; ntiUnnffl black, the 
flagellum piceoafl, puter beueuth, especially at base and apex, the scape 
oftea with a yellowish line in froDt. Thorax deeply and closely puDC- 
tured ; & spot od each Bide of the pruthorax above, sometimea wanting, 
a traosvene line on postscut«llum, aod sometimes a spot on each side 
of the metathorax, yellow ; luetathorax coarsely punctured or subru- 
gose, the triangular upaee at base longitudioally, or slightly obliquely 
striated, the tip of this space has sometimes a few very fine transverse 
striie; tegulse testaceous, sometimes dusky, with a large yeHo wish spot 
above or in front. Wings smolty-hjaliue, with a more or less deep vio- 
laceous reflection, the marginal cell and apex fuliginous; sometimes 
the wings have a brassy reflection. Lega black ; tips of the femora 
r testaceous, sometimes fuscous; sometimes the posterior pair vary from 
almost entirely yellow to almost entirely black, generally the apical 
half is dull testaceous or yellowiah-fuscous ; in one specimen the inter- 
mediate femora arecntirely honey-yellow, except their extreme base; the 
tibiie are yellow, sometimes tinged with fulvous, the posterior pair are 
fuscous at tip within ; tarsi testaceous, the posterior pair entirely dusky 
or blackish. Abdomen closely and rather deeply punctured, the seg- 
ments strongly constricted at base; first segment with a yellow spot 
on each side, sometimes reduced to a dot; second segment with a broad 
Bubapica! yellow band, more or leas narrowed in the middle anteriorly ; 
the three following segments each with a contiDuous, narrow, subapical, 
yellow hand, broader laterally, aometimcH the hand on the fifth seg- 
ment is nearly as broad as that on the second, and similarly shaped ; 
rentral segments with the apical half somewhat prominent and sub- 
rugose, the basal half smooth and sometimes piceotts or testaceous. 
Length 5i — 1 lines; expanse of wings UJ — 11 lines. 

Miih. — Difiers by the face being entirely yellow; the aatennEe 
longer, the scape always yellow in front, and the flagellum mostly 
dusky- fulvous or testaceous beneath ; the clypeus flat and covered with 
sparse punctures ; one specimen only, has a transverse yellow line on 
the scutellum similar lo that on the postscutellum, and the metathorax 
has a yellow spot on each side ; the under side of the coxse, trochanters 
and femora more or less, yellow ; the femora a^ove, except extreme 
tips (which are fulvous), and the apical half of the posterior pair 
beneath, black, sometimes the latter have the basal half yellow ; tibiie 
and tarsi much as in the female, but more yellowish, with the tips of 
the posterior tibife more or less' dusky or blackish, sometimes the en- 
tirely upper surface is dusky, and the base of their tarsi pale; the 


116 [ArauflT 

baaal Begmentof the abdomen is generally iminacakte, rarely with two 
yellow Bpote as in the female ; the band oa the second Begment is gene- 
rally of equal breadth, sometimes slightly aairowed on the aot^rior 
middle ; the enbapioal fasciie on the remaining sevMicnte are very 
narrow, widening a little on each side, and sometimes slightly inter- 
rupted in the middle, generally on the sixth segment, which has some- 
times an ovate spot on each side ; the second, third and fovirth ventral 
segments have sometimea a small yellow spot on each side, sometimes 
reduced to a mere dot, but generally wanting. Length ii — 6 lines; 
expanse of wings "J — !3J lines. 

ffah. — Massachusetts (Ridings, Stratton) ; New York (Angus) ; N. 
Jersey, Pennsylvania (CresBon) ; Delaware (Dr. Wilson) ; Virginia 
(Ridings); Illinois (Kennlcott and Walsh) . Coll. Ent. Soe. Philad. 
and Chicago Academy of Sciences. 

Eleven 9 , twenty-one % specimens. In the female the clypeus va- 
ries much in shape, being more or less produced, sometimes subporrect 
and elougate-quadrate, with the concave under surface hid from view; 
while in other specimens the projection is very short, with the entire 
under aide visible ; the apical margin vuries from truncate and arcuate, 
to deeply emai^inate, the lateral angles forming subacute teeth. 

3. CerMrU venatoT, n. ip. 

Black; face, interrupted line on collar, line od postacutellum, broad band 
on second abdominal segment, more or leae emarginsted on anterior middle, 
and narro IT apical inargiaB of repnaiQing segments, yellow i legs fulvous and 
jrellow; wings aubhyoline, apical margins fuseaua. 

Male. — Black, rather closely and deeply punctured, clothed with 
a gulden-yellow pubescence, much paler and Bomewhat whitish oa the 
pleura, metathoras and abdomen; the face entirely, basal half of maa- 
dibles, sjiot on the scape of ani«nnse in front, luterrupted line oo the 
collar, transverse line on postacutellum, and tcgulse, yellow; anteun» 
black, tinged more or less with ferruginous at base, the apical joint 
Ourved, and truncate at tip ; the triangular enclosed space of the meta- 
thorax, smooth and shining, with a finely impressed line down the 
middle. Wings subhyaline, slightly tinged with honey-yellow, iiud 
with a more or less brilliant violaceous reflection; apical margins fus- 
cous; nervures honey -yellow. L^;s fulvous; anterier cox re, trochan- 
ters and femora beneath except tipn, and the four posterior femora at 
base within, more or leas black ; the anterior tibiee and tarsi more or 
less, the four posterior coxse and trochanters beneath, base of the pos- 
terior femoru, th# intermediate tibiie and bLrsi, a line on the posterior 
tibise beneath, sometimes wanting, and their tar«, yellow ; tips of tarsi 


1865 ] 117 

dnsky. Abdomen : basal segment general); black, iinmaoaUte, some- 
times wholly or in part fernigiaouB, as well as Bpots od extreme sides 
of the remaining segments; second segment with a broad, apical, yel- 
low bund, rouoded on each side anteriorly and more or less deeply 
emargtnated in the middle; the fonr following segments each with a 
narrow apical yellow fascia, sometimes a little dilated on the sides; 
apical segment flatteoed, sparsely and deeply punctured, eubtruncate 
at tip, and with a lateral tuft of dense golden pubescence ; in one spe- 
cimen the upper surface of this segment is fulvous, and the four pos- 
terior femora not stained with black within ; venter generally black, 
sometimes more or less stained with fulvous. Length 8 lines ; expanse 
of wings 121 lines. 

Ball. — New York (Angus) j New Jersey, Pennsylvania (Cresson) ; 
Illinois (Dr. Lewis) ; Kansas (Dr. Wilson) ; Louisiana (Kennioott). 
Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad, and Chicago Academy of Sciences. 

Tea £ specimens; $ unknown. A large well marked species, with 
the ornamentation of the thorax and abdomen somewhat similar to that 
of C. rlgpenta ? . 

4. CarBsriB bioomnta, Godr. 

Cercerit hieomitta, Gudr., Icon. Bif. Anim. p. 443; Bmith, Brit Mai. Cot. 
Hyoi. iv. p. 4ee. 

Slack, often more or leas varied with ferroginoua; orbita, postacutellum 
and band or two spots on first and second abdominal segments, yellow ; legs 
falvous ; wings fuscous. 

Femiik. — Black, deeply and rather closely punctured, clothed with 
a short golden pubescence, whitish on the metathorax ; moat of the 
cheeks and occiput, clypens, and mandibles except tips, ferruginous; 
the frontal orbits more or less obscure yellowish, as well as the carioi- 
fbrm process between the ant«nnie ; middle lobe of the clypeus lunate, 
not very ptominent, the lower half concave and polished, the angles of 
t^e lunate projeclioD short and subacute, apical margin of the clypens 
uneven ; sometimes the base of the mandibles is more or less yellow ; 
antennffi ferrugiDous, block at tips, sometimes the flagellum is almost 
Mitirely block. Thorax : a band on the collar, often interrupted, and 
sometimes very indistinct, the scutellum, a large spot on each side of 
metathorax, and the t«gulm ferragiooas ; sometimes the scutellum and 
metatborus are entirely black ; postscutellum yellow in all the speci- 
mens before me ; the triangular basal space of the metathorax deeply 
punctured on the sides, always black. Wings fuscous, rather darker 
on the apical margins, with a violaceous reflectio* ; nervures block. 
Legs falvo-ffirragiDOOB, sometimes black at haw; posterior tabiee more 


118 [AtJouaT 

or less yellow exteriorly. Abdouen with the aegipents stroogly con- 
tracted at base, either black or ferruginous; first segment more trans- 
verse than usual, with a yellow spot on each side, sometimes large and 
nearly confluent, sometimes reduced to a dot ; second segment with a 
large yellow mark on each side, also sooietimes nearly confluent, and 
sometimes reduced to an elongate oblique spot; remaining segments 
either entirely bkck, fuscous, or ferruginous with the incisures black, 
and sometimes the basal middle of the segments stained with blackish ; 
the venter black, sometimes ferruginous banded with black, hength 
8i — 9i hues; expanse of wings 12 — 145 lines. 

Bab. — New York (Angus); New Jersey and Pennsylvania (Ores- 
son); "Delaware, fieorgia" (Smith); Louisiana (Ken nicott). Ooll. 
Ent. Soc. Philad. and Chicago Academy of Sciences. 

Six $ specimens; % unknown. This is a fine large species, ex- 
ceedingly variable in coloration. 

i. Oereerii biangnlat^ a- sp. 

Black; sides of the face, two spots on prothorai, l^gulte, postaeutellum, sides 
of metatborax, and the five baaal segtnentB of abdomen aboTe, except a fer- 
ruginous stain at base, yellow ; clypeus with a large acutely lunate projection 
proceeding from its base ; wiuga hyaline, fuscous at tips. 

Female. — Black, closely and rather finely punctured, sparsely clothed 
with a pale pubescence; ctypeus with a large acutely lunate process, 
proceeding from its base, like two claws diverging from each other, 
and connected at their bases ; sides of the face, the clypeal projection, 
except ite lateral and apical margins, base of the mandibles, a spot be- 
hind the summit of the eyes, and the scape of the antennte in front, 
rather obscure yellowish; margins of the clypeal projection, its under 
surface, the cheeks, and the basal half of the antennae, ferruginous; 
the vertes, immediately behind the ocelli, has a few obsolete ferrn^- 
nous dots. Thorax: two transverse spots on the collar, a small spot 
beneath the anterior wing, tegulee, postscutellum, and a very large sub- 
triangular mark on each side of the metathorax, yellow; the scutellum 
is tinged with obscure ferruginous ; the triangular basal space of the 
metathorax is finely striated longitudinally ; wings obscure hyaline, 
with a slight purplish iridescence, the coftal and apical margins nar- 
rowly fuscous, darker on the apex of the anterior pair ; nervures fer- 
ruginous. Legs fulTO-ferruginous; tips of the four anterior femora, 
especially within, and the posterior pair exteriorly, as well as most of 
all the tibisB, yellow. Abdomen yellow, the segments strongly con- 
stricted at base, with a basal pale ferruginons stain, broader on the an- 
terior segments, that on the basal segment separating the yellow into 


1865] 119 

two large eemiciroular spots, that OQ the second s^ment lai^ and tri- 
angular, on the remaining segments this stain becomes narrower, and 
slightly blackish at extreme base ; the sutures also blackish ; apical 
select ferruginous, black at base and apex) venter fulvo-ferru^uous, 
vith a black band at the baae of the third, fourth and fifth segments. 
Length 7 lines; expanse of wings 12{ lines. 

Boh. — Rocky .Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. 
Ent. Soc. Philad. 

One $ epecimsD j % unknown. This beautiful species is at once 
recognized by the large and singular projection of the clypeus, as well 
as by the handsome ornamentation. Answers somewhat to the de- 
scription of C. buhntata Say, but not enough to warrant their iden- 
tity certain, • 

n. CerceriB lexta, Sitj. 

Cerceria aexta. Say, Boat. Journ. Hat. Hiet. i, p. 382. 
Black; face, two epats on collar, tegulm, poBtacutellum, apot on each aide of 
metathorai, and broad banda on abdomen, yellow; legs yellow and fulvoua ; 
winga Bubbyaliae. 

Male. — Black, closely punctured, clothed with a thin pale yellowish 
pubescence) face entirely, mandibles except tips, a dot behind the 
eyes near their summit, sometimes wanting, and the scape in front, 
yellow, sometimes whitish ; basal half of antennte bright ferruginous, 
the remainder black. Thoras ; two large transverse spots on pro- 
thorax, tegulfe, postseutellum, and an ovate spot on each side of the 
metathoras, sometimes reduced to a dot, yellow ; sometimes the sou- 
tellum is faintly tinged with browaisb ; the triangular basal space of 
the metuthoras shining, with slightly oblique striee on the sides and a 
well -impressed longitudinal one in the middle. Wings tinged, more 
or less, with fuscous, the tip and apical margins darker, covering the 
marginal cell ; nervures pale ferruginous, the stigma yellowish. Legs 
bright yellow, the four anterior femora behind, except tips, the apical 
half of the posterior femora, their tibise and tarsi within and above, 
fulvous; base of the four anterior femora beneath and the poeterior 
pair within, black. Abdomen more elongate and rather narrower than 
usual, with the segments strongly contracted at base; the basal seg- 
ment subglobose, either black or ferruginous, with a large or small 
yellow spot on each side; the five following segments with a more or 
less broad, continuous subapioal, bright yellow band, slightly narrowed 
on the middle anteriorly, where the bands are sometimes obsoletely 
margined with obscure ferruginous; beneath sometimes stained with 
ferruginous, the second to fifth segments each with a more or less de- 


120 [Auaw8T 

Teloped latent yellow spot, Bometimes almoet oonflnent on the di^k. 
Length 61 — 8 linea ; expaage of wings 11 — 12^ lines. 

Hab. — Rooky MouDtsins, Colorsdo Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soo. Philsd. 

Six % epeoimeDB ; $ unknown. May possibly be the male of the 

7. Csrurii vioina, □. sp. 

Black i aide* of face, cljpeus, ecape of a 
tefnlie, line on poBtBcalflllani, two spnU on metathorax, eometimes wanting, 
and bread bands on abdomen, fellovj legs mOBtl; honey-jellow; winga fos- 

Fumalf. — Bkck, oloeely and deeply punctured, sparsely clothed with 
pale pubescence^ clypeus scarcely prominent except at tip which is 
somewhat produced and subtruQCBt« ; sides of the face broadly, cly- 
peus except apical margin, base of mandibles, sometimes a dot above 
the clypeuB, a dot behind the summit of the eyes, and the scape in 
front, lemon-yellow ; soraedmes the lateral lobes of the clypeus are 
blackish with a yellow spot on each; antennse fulvous, blackish at 
tips above. Thorax : oollar tinged more or less with ferrugiaous, a 
transverse spot on each side, tegaiss, postaoutellum, and a more or less 
developed elongate-ovate spot on each side of the metathoras, wanting 
in one specimen, yellow ; triangular basal space of metathorax opaqne, 
and covered with dense elongate striee. Wings yellowish -fuscous, 
darker on apical margins and marginal cell, and with a violaceous re 
flection. Legs honey-yellow, tips of the four anterior femora, their 
tibite and most of their tarsi, the posterior femora beneath, and their 
tibife and tarsi exteriorly, yellow. Abdomen : first segment more or 
less ferrnginous in two specimens, in one immaculate, in the other with 
a lateral yellow spot, and in the third specimen black with a broad, 
slightly interrupted yellow band ; second segment with a very broad 
yellow band, leaving only the basal margin of the segment black; the 
three following segments each with an apical yellow band, broad on 
the sides and much narrower on the middle anteriorly, that on the fifth 
B^ment the broadest ; apical segment more or less ferruginous. 
venter banded with fulvo-ferruginous. length 51 lines; expanse of 
wings 101 lines. 

Hab. — Rocky MouDtains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Eat. 
Soo. Philad. 

Three 7 specimens; % unknown. Closely related to the preceding 
species, but smaller. 


1865.] 121 

s. OsTMrii raflnoda, n. Bp. 

Bl&ck ; f&ca, two apoU on collar, teguin, spot under the wtng, two ipota 
on Bcntcllam, tips of femora, tibiiB and tarsi, and bands on eecond and four 
falloving Begmenta of abdomen, j/ellowj basal segment rufous; wings dusky. 

Vale. — Black, closely and rather deeply punctured ; the fuce en- 
tirely, extending up on each side Dearly to the summit of the eyes, a 
narrow line between the aotenns, mandibles except tips and the scape 
in front, lemon-yellow ; antennce fulvous, the flagellum dusky above, 
the scape above, and b»sal joint of fliigellum, blackish. Thoras : an 
interrupted band on ihe collar, tegulse, a spot beneath the wings, a 
rounded spot on each side of the aeutellum, and a transverse line on 
the postficutellum, lemon-yellow; the aeutellum sparsely punctured ; 
the triangular basal space of the iiiet«thorax transversely striated at 
tip, with a central longitudinal impressed line. Wings tinged with 
fuscous, nervures fuscous. Legs : coxes, trochanters, and most of the 
femora, black; tips of all the femora, especially the two anterior pairs 
beneath, all the tibise, except the tips of the posterior pair, and base 
of the tarsi, lemon-yellow ; posterior temora ferruginous at base ; most 
of the tarsi dusky. Abdomen closely and rather coarsely punctured, 
the segments strongly contracted at basej first segment entirely and 
the base of the second, bright rufo-ferruginaus, the latter with a broad, 
subapical, lemoo-yellow band narrowly margin before with black ; the 
four following segments each with a narrower apical band of the same 
color, slightly attenuated on the middle anteriorly ; the venter piceons- 
black, ferruginous at base. Length 4 lines; expanse of wings 6j 

Bab. — Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory. (Ridings.) Coll. Ent. 
Soo. Pbilad. 

One % specimen ; $ nnknown. A handBome little species, with 
the basal segment entirely red, as well as the base of the second seg- 
8. Oeroerii Bloksi, n. ap. 

Block ; sides of the face, cljpeus, mandlblea, Scape in trout, two spote on 
collar, tegulte, spot OD each side of scutellum, line on poatectitellam, tibiiB and 
tarsi, aod apical faacis on abdomen, much DOrrowed on the middle, jellow; 
two baaal segments dull ferruginous; legs mostly fulvoua; winga fuscous. 

/Vnio/e. — Black, closely and dteply punctured; sides of the face, 
clypeuB, mandibles except tips, a minute dot behind the sunimit of the 
eye, and the scape, yellow ; the face silvery in certain lights, especiully 
the lateral lobes of the clypeus ; above the clypeus a pale ferruginous 
dot; clypeus produced in the middle, convex above, concave beneath, 
the apical margin subtruncute and narrowly margined with black ; fla- 


122 [AuousT 

gellum of the anteDnse fulvoiu, dnsky above. Thorax : a tmosTerse 
spot on each side of the collar, tegulee, a dot on each extreme side of 
the Bcntellum, and a transTerse line on the poatacutellum, yellowiah ; 
metathorax coarsely puDCtured, the triaogular basal space rugose, with 
a deep channel down the middle. Wings pate fuscous, darker at tips, 
with a slight TiolaceonB reflection ; ocrvares and stigma blackish. 
Legs black at base, the femora fulvous, with more or less yellow at 
tips ; tibite yellow, the posterior pair at tips, as well as the tarsi, liil- 
voua. Abdomen with the segments strongly contracted at base, densely 
and deeply punctured, the two basal segments dull ferruginous, with 
an apical yellowish band, that on the second broad and much narrowed 
oa the middle anteriorly ; the three following segments each with a 
yellowish band similar to that on the second segment; venter brown- 
ish, paler at base. Length 4 lines ; expanse of wings 7 lines. 

i/at.— Georgia. (Blake.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

One 9 specimen ; % unknowu. This pretty little species was cap- 
tured this summer, in Southwestern Georgia, by my friend Mr. Charles 
A. Blake, after whom I have named it. 

10. Oeroerii Cnitima, a. Bp. 

Bliick ; face, aoape in front, two apotB on collar, teguUe, a Spot on each aide of 
BCUtellum, poBtscutellum, tips of femora, and the tibim, and banda on abdo- 
men, yellowish j wiags Bubbf aline. 

Female. — Black, deeply and coarsely punctured, slightly pubescent ; 
the face, mandibles except tips, a dot behind the summit of thu eyes, 
and the scape in front obscure yellowish ; the face silvery io certiun 
lights, especially the sides of the clypeus ; antenuee pale fulvous, 
dusky above. Thorax : a spot on each side of the collar, tegulse, a 
dot beneath the anterior wing, a spot oD each side of the scatellum, 
and a line on the postaoutellum, yellowish; the enclosed basul space 
of the metathorax transversely striated at tip. Wings subhyaline. 
dusky at tip ; nervurea and stigma pale fuscous. Legs black ; tips of 
the femora, and the tibiae, except tips of the posterior pair, yellowish. 
Abdomen : first segment with a subinterrupted band at tip ; the four 
following segments with a continuous, yellowish, apical band, narrowed 
in the middle, and broadest on the seoond segment ; venter black, 
shining, immaculate. Length 3j lines; expanse of wings 5} lines. 

fluA.— Illinois. (Dr. Lewis.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

One 9 specimen; t unknown. Closely allied to C. Blakei nob., 
but has no ferruginous color whatever on the legs and abdomen, so 
conspicuous Tn the latter species. 


1866.] 128 

11. Oeroeria flkTiKDiUlii, CreBBon, 

CercerU ftavocostalia, CrCBBon, Prno. Ent. Boc, Phil, ir, p. Ifi3, 

iTafi.— Cuba. Coll. Dr. John Gundlacb. Two {% 9) specimena. 
hs this and the four folloiring species have already been described 
on the pages of these " Proceediogs," I deem it useless to repeat them 
here, and therefore merely give reference. 

IS. Canwrli triaagnlata, Creagon. 

Cereeris triangyitnta, CresBan. Proc. Ent. Boc. Phil, it, p. 1114. 
Hab. — Cuba. Coll. Dr. Johu Gundlaeh. One % specimeo; J nn- 

IS. Ceioarii bilnnatft, Cresaoa. 

CercerU bilunata, Creeeon, Proo. Ent. Soc. Phil, iv, p. 155. 
Hab. — Cuba. Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. Two t> specimens; y an- 

14. Caroeru fsitlvft, CreBson. 

Ctreeria /estiva, Cresson, Proc. Ent. 8oo. Pliil. it, p. 15fl. 
Hub. — Cuba. Coll. Dr. John Gundlaeh. One t specimen; 9un- 

15. Ctrcerii Dabenlit, n. ep. 

Ctrceria ziniata, Creaaon, Proe. Ent. Soc. Phil. It, p. 158. 

Hab. — Cuba. Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. One 9 , two % specimens. 

As Mr. Smith had previously described a species from Cbioa under 
the name of C zmialit, and to prevent confusion, I take this oppor- 
tunity of changing the name of the Cuban species. 

IS. Caroerii nl^Moaoi, Smith. 

Cerceria nigreecena, Smith, Brit. Mua. Cat. Hym. It. p. 466, 9 ■ 
BIimIi; sides of face, clypeua, base of mandtbleB, dot behind the eyea, two 
spots on collar, tcgulffi, poatecu tell urn, spot on each aide of metathorai, and 
banda on abdomen, whiliahi winga Bubhyaline; the four anterior tibiie and 
tarsi mostly pale jellowiah. 

Female. — Deep black, not closely punctured, sparsely clothed with 
pale pubescence ; sides of the face, clypeus, base of mandibles, a dot 
behind the summit of the eyes, and sometimes a longitudinal line above 
the elypeue, white or pale yellowish-white ; middle iobe of the clypeus 
quadrate, elevated, convex above and concave beneath, the anterior 
margin subtruncate or sli<;htly emarginated, and narrowly bordered 
with black ; the lateral lobe» sometimes black, with a pale yellowish 
spot on each ; aatennee black, the flagellum more or les^ fulvo-testa- 
ceoua beneath, especially at base, and in one specimen the scape has a 
white line in front. Thorax : a transverse spot on each side of the 
collar, a spot on the t«gulce,a transverse line on the postscutellum, and 
a rounded spot on each side of the metatborax, whitish or yellowisb- 


124 [August 

whit« ; tbe eocloeed basal space of the metalhorax covered with dcDse 
longitudioal atrise, and a deeper one down the middle. Wings eub- 
hjalioe, darker on the apical mai^ns and in the marginal cell ; ner- 

Turea fusco-ferruginoua. Legs black ; extreme tips of the foar an- 
terior femora, their tibiae Id front, and a line on the posterior tibite be- 
neath, yellowish ; the unterior tarsi pale ferrnginouB, the posterior pair 
dusky. Abdomen : the basal segment with a transverse yellowish- 
white spot on each side at tip, the four following segments each with 
an uninterrupted subapical fascia, narrowed in the middle aotcriorl; ; 
beneath entirelj black. Length 5 — 5J lines; expaose of wings 8 — 8J 

Vtirifty'i. — The antennae, collar and metathorax imniacuLite ; the 
faaeias on the abdomen very narrow, and uninterrupted on the fifth 

Ilrih. — Canada West (Saundera) ; Rocky Mountains, Colorado Ter- 
ritory CRidings) ; " Nova Scotia" (Smith). Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Three ? specimens; I unknown. 

17. Ctrcerii dentthrani, n. ep. 

Black : sides of face, base of mandibles, two spots on collar, postscutellum, 
tibite, and narrow faseifB on abdomen, yellow; elypeus with a large, acutely lu- 
nate projection ; winga aubhyaline, dusky at tips. 

Feviiile. — Deep black, strongly punctured, slightly pubescent; the 
clypeus with a large acut«ly lunate projection, proceeding from its 
base, and shaped like that of C. Iihuigulata described above ; sides of 
the face, two dots on clypeal projection, confluent in one specimen and 
wanting in another, and the base of the mandibles, yellow; antennse 
black, the fiagellnm fulvo-testaceona beneath. Thorax: u transverse 
spot or dot on each side of the collar, spot on tegulse, and the postscu- 
tellum, yellow; mesothorax and scutellutn sparsely punctured; the 
enclosed triangular space at the base of metathorax longitudinally stri- 
ated. Wings suhhyuline, faintly violaceous, the apical margins and 
marginal cell, pale fuliginous; nervures dull ferruginous, the stigma 
paler. Legs : cosse, trochanters and temora except tips, black ; tips 
of femora, the tibiie within, and the four anterior tarsi, fulvous; tibite 
yellow exteriorly ; tips of the posterior tibite and their tarsi, dusky. 
Abdomen with a narrow subapical fascia on each segment, except the 
last, sli(;htly narrowed in the middle anteriorly, a little interrupted on 
the first segment, and rather broadest on the second; beneath black, 
immaculate. Length 4 i — -5 lines; expanse of wings 7 — 8 lines. 

Hub. — New York (Angus) ; Illinois (Dr. Lewis). Coll. Ent. Soc. 


IHO.i.] 125 

Three J speoimena; % unkaown. Closely reseiobles thepreoediog 
species id orDauientation ; but readily distinguished by Che veiy promi- 
nent, bideutate projection of the clypeus. This species may possibly 
prove to be the 2 of 0. thtterta Say. 

18. OsrMTii deiarta, Ba;. 

Cerceria deserta, Saf, Long's Second Expedition, ii, p. 3J3,^. 
Black, finely puneturedi face, aoape in front, two apola on collar, teguliB, 
puBtscuCellum, most of legs, and aarrov bands on abdomen, jelloiri wings 
fuBco-hy aline. 

Male. — Black, rather finely and sparsely punctured, especially the 
abdomen, thinly pubescent ; the face entirely, mandibles except tips, 
and the scape in front, bright yellow; antennae dusky above, black at 
base, the flagellum fulvous beneath. Thorai: the meaothorax and 
seutellum sparsely punctured ; a spot on each side of the collar, some- 
times much reduced, spot on tegulse, and a transverse line on the post- 
scutellum, yellow; the basal enclosed space of the metathorax chan- 
nelled down the middle, with a few oblique strice on each side. Wings 
lusco-hyaline, slightly violaceous, darker at tips ; nervures pale ferru- 
ginous. Legs yellow ; the four anterior femora behind, apical half of 
the posterior pair, as well as the tips of their tibise, black, their tarsi 
dusky. Abdomen rather feebly and sparsely punctured, the segments 
convex, and rather strongly contracted at base; the basal segment 
generally, but not always, with a yellow spot or dot on each side; the 
five following segments each with a narrow, continuous, subapicaJ, yel- 
low fascia, more or less narrowed in the middle and rather the broadest 
on the anterior segments ; beneath, the second to fifth segments have 
generally a yellow transverse spot or dot on each side. Length 4] 
lines; expanse of wings 8 lines. 

Hab. — Massachusetts (Ridings) ; Pennsylvania (Cresson) ; Dela- 
ware (Dr. Wilson); Illinois (Dr. Lewis). Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Eight % specimens; 9 unknown. 

19. C«reerii imitator, a. gp. 

This species differs from C. de*erta principally in the pnnctation 
being much closer, deeper and coarser ; the size is smaller, the en- 
closed basal space of the metathorax is longitudinally striated, the pos- 
terior femora and tibim have always a larger proportion of the black 
color, and the basal segment of the abdomen, and the venter, are im- 
maculate. Length 4 lines; expanse of wings 7 lines. 

fibi.— Illinois (Dr. Lewis). Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Eight % specimens; J unknown. This is, no doubt, the var. j9 of 
Say's deserta, and is at once distiugQished from that species by the 
coarse sculpture. 


126 [AuauBT 

so. OeroerU compart n- 'P- 

Black ; face, acapfl in front, interrupted line on colUr, another on Bcat«llum, 
most of legs, and aarroir bands □□ abdomen, yelloir ; vrioga aubhyaline. 

Male. — Black, deeply and closely punctured ; the face entirely, the 
uandibles more or Icsa and the scape id front, yellow; rest of antennm 
black above, fnlvous beneath. Thorax ; a lice on the collar, inter- 

rnpted la the middle, Bometimes widely, a apot on the tegulffi,a slightly 
interrupted line ou the bcuI«11udi, and uometimea a lon>;itudinal line , 
OQ each side of the metathorax, pale yellowieh, the basal enclosed space 
of the latter channelled down the middle with a few deep punctures 
on each side. Wings subyhaline, the apical margin and niurginal cell 
pale fuscous ; nervures pale ferruginous. Legs black ; the cos», tro- 
chanters, tips uf the four anterior femora, their tibit« and tarui. basal 
two-thirds of the poal«rior tibite and the base of tbeir tarsi, yellow. 
Abdomen convex, strongly punctured ; each segment, except the last, 
with a very narrow, continuous, subapical, yellow fascia, scarcely 
broader on the sides ; vent«r black, shining, immEiculate. Length Hi 
— ij lines ; expanse of wings 6 — 8 lines. 

ZTdi.— Illinois. (Dr. Lewis.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Pbilad, 
Three % specimens; 9 nnknown. Resembles the preceding species, 
but is more compact, with the posterior femora entirely black, and the 
basal segment of the abdomen with a narrow continuous fascia similar 
to those on the following eegments. 
21. Ceroerli folvipos, n. ep. 

Black; spots on face, two on collar, tegulte, line on postBcutellum, two opots 
on metathorax, and banda on abdomen, jell owish- whiter legs fulvous, ivingg 

/tniufe.— Black, somewhat shining, thinly clothed with a pale pu- 
bescence; head closely punctured; a subtriangular mark on each side 
of the face, a small spot on the clypeus, emarginate before, mandibles 
except tips, and a spot behind the eyeg near the summit, obMiure whit- 
ish; antennse black, the flagellum fulvous beneath. Thorax more 
sparsely punctured, elongate and somewhat confluent on the mesotho- 
rax, very sparse ou the scutellum; spot ou each side of the collar, 
tegulfe,, postscutellum, and an ovate spot on each side of the metathorax. 
yellowish -white ; the enclosed hasal space of the latter finely and 
somewhat obliquely striated. "Wings subbyaline, slightly tinged with 
yellowish, faintly iridescent, apes fuscous; uervurea pale ferruginous. 
Legs fulvous ; the coxae and anterior femora behind, blackish ; the 
tibife tinged with yellow exteriorly. Abdomen rather sparsely punc- 
tured; first segment with a yellowish -white spot on each side, and u 
continuous, apical band of the same color on the four following se<jmentH, 


1865.] 127 

more or less narrowed in the middle ; beneath, the second to fifth Beg- 
mente with a lateral yellowish-white spot, the second aegmeat stained 
with ferruginous in one specimen. Length 4 — H lines ; expanse of 
wings 6i — -TJ lines. 

Sab.—Deh. (Dr. Wilson) ; III. (Dr. Lewis). Coll. Ent. Soe. Philad. 

Two 5 specimens; 5 unknown. A very pretty and distinct speciee, 
closely allied to C. mi/rescens in general ornamentation, hut is distin- 
guished at once from that species by the fulvoua legs. 

S3. CsroBiia eompaota, d. sp. 

Robust, btB^:!! ; fuce, mandibles, scfipa in front, tva spots on collar, two on 
scatellum, tegulas, postseuteltum, tibi ? and bands on second and followiog 
segments of abdomen, broadest on the second, yellow; femora fulvous; wings 
SUbhyalioei faiie silTery in 9. 

Fe.male. — Robust, black, clcsely and strongly punctured, thinly 
clothed with a pale pubescence ; face silvery, e^pec Ily h side 

of the clypeus ; face, a line beneath antennae, clyp u ma d bl x- 
cept tips, a spot behind the summit of eyes, and scap f t y 11 w; 

middle of clypeus prominent, convex above, flatte d d dusLy be- 
neath, which baa an ovate, oblique space on each sid nt nfe bt k- 
ish, the flagellum fulvous beneath. Thorax : a n rs pot on 
each side of the collar, tegnlse, a spot on each side f th t 11 m, 

the postscuteljum, and in one specimen an obscure p t n h de ' 
of the metathorax, yellowish, the enetosed basal sp f th 1 tter 

coarsely and obliquely striated. Wings subhyaline, with a brassy sub- 
iridesi^ent reflection, the coHto-apical and apical margins fuscons, ner- 
vures dull ferrnginoua. Legs black at base, the femora fulvous, their 
tips more or less, the tibiie and bitse of the tarsi yellow, tips of posterior 
tibiee within dusky as well as most of the posterior tarsi. Abdomen 
robust, the bnsal segment unusually small, ai:d immaculate; second 
segment with a broad, continuous, apical, yellow band ; the three fol- 
lowing segments each with a narrow apical yellow fascia, much dilated 
on the sides; beneath black, immaculate. Length 4J — 5 lines; ex- 
pana« of wings 7 — 8i lines. 

Male. — Resembles the female, with the face flat, of a brighter yel- 
low, the spot behind the eyes wanting, the lateral spots of the scutel- 
lum subobsolete, the faseiie on the third asd three following segments 
less dilated on the sides, and the venter is narrowly banded with tes- 
taceous. Length 4 — 4J lines. 

fliifc.— Pennsylvania (Cresaon); Delaware (Dr. Wilson); Illinois 
(Dr. Lewis and Mr. Kenoicott), Coll. Ent. 800. Philad ,and Chicago 
Academy of Sciences. 


128 [August 

Foot 9 ; two £ speoimena. This is muoli more robnat id propor- 
tion to the sise, than any of tho other species, and the abdomen is more 
contracted at baee. 
SS. Oeresrii oalifomloa. □. sp. 

Black ; face, two spots on collar, spot on tegain, tibin and baoda on abdn- 
men much uttenuated in the middle, yellow; winga subhjaline, the costa fus- 
coua; face silvery. 

Mali'. — Robust, black, deeply and rather closely punctured, subaeri- 
ceous, thinly clothed with a pale yellowish pubescence; the face en- 
tirely pale yellow, clothed with a short silvery pubescence ; mandibles 
black ; antcnnffi black above, fulvous beneath, the apical joint aubconi- 
cal, a little curved and tipped with folvous. Thorax sparsely punc- 
tured above, immaculate, except an ov-itc dull yellowish spot ou each 
sid^ of the collar, and two very obscure ones of the same color on post- 
acutellum; enclosed basal space of the metathorux smooth and polished; 
tegnlse fulvous with a yellow spot. Wings hyaline, with a brilliant 
violaceous reflection especiaUy at tips; the costa, beyond the stigma, 
broadly fuscous, as well as the apical margins faintly; nervures ferru- 
ginous. Legs brownish at base, the four anterior femora ferruginous, 
the posterior pair rufo-picoous ; tibi% and base of tarsi yellow ; tips of 
posterior tibise and most of the tarsi fuscous. Abdomen robust, sub- 
sericeous, the first segment unusually small, globose and tinged with 
dull ferruginous at tip ; the second and three following segments each 
with a narrow, apical, yellow fascia, much dilated on each side, the 
sixth segment with a broad yellow band, the anterior middle slightly 
emarginated; beneath black, immaculate. Length 5} lines; expanse 
of wings 9 lines. 

£fo6.— California. (Mr. Henry Ulke.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 
One % specimen ; 9 unknown. 
34. Cereerii Kennieottti, n. sp. 

Black; aides of face, cljpeu^ scape in front, interrupted line on collar, 
tegulEC, a broad line on acutellum, tibiw, broad band on second abdomiaal seg- 
ment, tranaverae spot on each side of third, and narrow bands on three follow- 
ing aegmenta, yellow; wings subhyaline, the costa fuacous- 

J^ale. — Black, coarsely punctured, finely pubescent, silvery on the 
olypeus; sides of the face, middle lobe of the clypeus, and the scape 
in front, yellow ; antennce black, the fiagellum fulvous beneath. Tho- 
rax : ft line on the collar, interrupted in the middle, tegulse, and a 
broad transverse line on the scutellum, yellow; the enclosed basal 
space of the metathoraz shining, with a deep channel down the mid- 
dle. Wings dusky, with a violaceous reflection, the costa fuliginous; 
nervures fuscous. Legs black ; tips of the femora, the tibise and tarsi. 


1866.] 129 

yellow ; tipa of the posterior tibiee aod their tarsi, fuaoona. Abdomen 
much contracted at base, the first segment small and globose, immBon- 
late, except a fulvous dot on the apical middle ; second segment with a 
broad, continuous, yellow band ; third segment with a Bhort transverse 
yellow line on each extreme side ; the three following segments with a 
narrow subapioal yellow band; venter black, obaoletely banded with 
obscure testaceou*!. Length 3i lines; expanse of wings 6 lines. 

Bub. — Louisiana. (Mr. Robert Kennicott.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

One £ speciuiea ; 9 unknown. 

25. Ceioerii iuaoltta, o. sp. 

Black ; fane, acape in front, two spots on collar, band on scutellum, teguln, 
most of legs, and baode on nbdomiaal segments except the seoond and last, 
yellow; winga hjaline, eoata fuliginous. 

Miilf.. — lilack, closely and deeply punctured, thinly clothed with an 
erect, palish pubescence; the face entirely, middle of mandibles, and 
the acape in front, yellow ; iintennae blackish, fulvous at base and be- 
neath. Thorax : a transverse spot on each side of the collar, tegulsB, 
broad trunsverse line on the scutellum, and a subobsolete dot on each 
side of the metuthorax, yellow; the postscuteilum and basal space of 
the metathorax, almost impunctate, shining. Wings hyaline, iridescent, 
with the apical half of the eoata fuliginous ; nervures fusco-ferruginoua. 
Legs yellow ; the four anterior femora behind, except tips, blackish, pos- 
terior pair ferruginoua, tips of their tibife and tarsi fuscous. Abdomen 
with a broad, continuous, yellow band on each of the first and second 
segments; the fourth and two following segments have each a very 
narrow, subapical, yellow fascia; beneath, the third segment has a 
narrow yellow band, and the two following segments a lateral spot. 
Length 4 lines; expanse of wings 6i lines. 

//i.i.— Illinois, (Dr. Samuel Lewis.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

One t specimen; 9 unknown. Resembles the preceding but distinct 
by the yellow face, the color of the le^, and the immaculate aecond 
abdominal segment. 

The following species are unknown to me : — 

26. CsrosTis frontata, Say. 

Cereeris/Tontata, Say, West. Qusr. Hep. ii, p. 80, J. 
'- NaauB elevated ; body pale rufous ; tergum yellow with rafooa iu- 

" Inhabits Arkansa. 

" Body pale rufous ; antennse and mandibles black at tip ; front pale 
yellow; nasus elevated at tip from the clypeus, widely emarginated 


130 [AcaosT 

and deoBoly oili&ted on the anterior edge, lobea aonte; cljrpsuB four- 
toothed at tip ; wings dusky blackish oa the posterior margin ; wing- 
scale and double line on the aotttel yellow; tergum yellow; ineisurea 

" Length of the body aine-tenths of ao inch. 

" The specimen is a female, remarkable by the jjromineace of the 
nasal portion of the face, a character which was also pointed out by 
Latreille, in a species which be called Ctrceri* aurita, which insect he 
observed to nourish its youag, with insects of the Linnean genus 

37. Csreeria bidentata, Saj. 

C^rceria btdentala, S&j, West. Quar. Rep. ii, p. 80, 9 . 

" Lateral lobes of the clypeus each elevated into a prominent spine: 
anterior margin of the superior wings dusky. 

" Inhabits Arkansa. 

" Body pale yellowish; bead behind the eyes and above, and base of 
tbe antennse, rufous; antennie black at tip; front concave, lateral 
lobes of the clypeus each with a conic prominence perpendicular to tbe 
surface; mandibles black at tip; thorax rufous on tbe principal seg- 
ment; superior «ings blackish on the anterior margin, the costal ner- 
vure tinged with yellowish in the middle: tergum incisures reddish- 
brown ; segments each with a transverse groove on tbe middle. 

" Length less than tbree-fiftbs of an inch. 

" In general color, very much resembles tbe preceding species, from 
which it may be distinguished by its much smaller size, and by the 
two remarkable spines or tubercles situated on the lateral lobes of the 
clypeus. The specimen is also a female." 

28, Cereeiii vertieali*. Smith. 

Cerceris oertiealia. Smith, Brit. Mub. Cat. Hym. iv, p. 468. 

" Female. Length 6 lines. — Black, thickly punctured ; tbe head 
ferruginous behind the eyes ; the scape and second joint of the flagel- 
lum ferruginous ; the face below the antennse yellow ; tbe margins of 
tbe clypeus black ; the mandibles ferruginous, their extreme base yel- 
low. Thorax : the colhir yellow, interrupted in the middle bya ferru- 
ginous spot, tbe post-scutellum and a spot on tbe tegulte yellow ; a 
large ferruginous blotch on each side of the metathorax ; the wings 
smoky-hyaline ; tbe legs ferruginous. Abdomen : the basal segment 
ferruginous, with a minute yellow spot on each side; tbe second seg- 
ment yellow, with tbe basal margin and a produced quadrate spot in 
the middle ferri^inous; the margins of the following segments with 


1866.] 131 

a narrow band which is widened at the sides ; beneath, rafo-piceons, 

brightest at the base. 
" Hab. — Georgia." 
SB. CeroBiia elegani, Smith. 

Cerctria tlegani, Smith, Brit MuB. Cat. Bjui. iv, p. 4flT. 

" Male. Length 3 lines. — Black, coarsely punctared; the face be- 
low the aatennie, the scape in front, and the mandibles, yellow, the 
tips of the mandibles ferruginous ; the anterior margin of the clypeus 
rounded; the anterior angles of the face produced into small quadrate 
lobes; the flagellum and scape behind fermginoua. Thorax: a spot 
on each side of the collar and the tegulae in front yellow ; wings smoky- 
hyaline and beautifully iridescent; the legs yellow, with the coxse and 
the femora at their base more or less rufo-piceous ; the melathorax 
very coarsely rugose. Abdomen : the two basal segments fermginoua, 
the apical margin of the second segment yellow ; an elongate yellow 
spot on each side of the following segments on their apical margins, 
the spofe widest at the margins of the segments and pointed within, 

u^at._East Florida." 

30. dBTMrii rafa-piota. Smith. • 

Cerceru Tvjo-picta, Smith, Brit. Mus. Cat. Hym. iy, p. 467, 
" Male. Length -I lines. — Black, coarsely punctured; the face yellow 
below the antenna ; the anterior margin of the clypeus black, crenu- 
lated, and angular ; the anterior margin of the face has on each side 
an angular filament close to the eye; the mandibles yellow, their tips 
ferruginous; the antenna) ferruginous; the flagellum fuscous above to- 
wards the apes, the apes pale. The prothorax, tegulse, scutellum, 
postscutellum, with sometimes a spot on each side, and the legs, ferru- 
ginous ; the wings fuaco-hyaline, the apical margins of the anterior 
wings darkest. Abdomen : the two basal segments ferruginous ; the 
apical margin of the third with a narrow ferruginous band ; the fourth 
anil iollowing segments more or less banded at the sides with ferrugi- 
nous or sometimes with reddish -yellow. 
" Ilab. — East Florida." 

31. Cereerii Dnfonrii, Gu^r. 

CerctrU Du/ourii, Guir. Icon. R£g. Anim. jii, p. 444. 

" Black ; front of the head, base of the mandibles, and the first 
joint of the antennce in front, yellow. Antennae black, with the first 
half fulvous. Two small fulvous spots on the posterior margin of the 
prothorax ; tegulie and margin of the scutellum, yellow. First segment 
of the abdomen fulvous ; the second fulvous, with a large yellow mar- 
^n, hollowed out in the middle, and separated from the preceding by 


132 [AnGDST 

black ; the others black, Darrottl; mar^Ded with yellow, and the last 

segment fulvous, with a black spot on the middle, and ciliated on each 
side with long golden haira. Wings slightly tinged with yellowish- 
brown, with the extremity margined with deeper brown. Legs fulvous, 
with the external margin of the tihiee and the tarsi, yellow. Length 

le mill. 

" Hah. — New Orleans." 

This seems closely allied to 0. venalor nob., and may be identical 
with it. The legs are, however, somewhat differently colored. 

32. Ceicerit Inrlgata. Smith. 

OtrcerU Iccvigata, 9mith, BriL Mufl. Cat. Hjm. iv, p. 465. 

" Fi-Tiude. Length 4 lioea. — Black and very delicately punctured ; 
the face, base of the mandibles, and a line behind the eyes, yellow ; 
the flagellum fuhoua beneath. Thorax : the collar, tubercles, a spot 
beneath the wings, the scutellum, and an oblong macula on each side 
of the postficuCellum, yellow; the anterior and intermediate tibiae, and 
the posterior pair at their base, yellow ; the anterior tarsi yellow, with 
the apical joints slightly ferruginous, the intermediate and posterior 
pair fusco-ferruginoua ; winga slightly colored, with a fuscous cloud 
on the anterior margin of the superior pair. Abdomen very delicately 
and sparingly punctured and shining; the first segment with its apical 
margin yellow, a slight notch in the middle of the band; the second, 
third and fourlh segmeuts with a yellow fascia on their apical margins, 
very much attenuated in the middle and widened at the sides. 

'' The male has a yellow band on the first and four following seg- 

" /y<i6.— St. Domingo," 

33. Cerosrii Perboioti, Gu^r. 

Cerceria Ferboacii, Ga^r. Icon. H^g.Anim. lii, p. 444. 

" Black ; front of the head yellow, with two black circles, one above 
the other, forming a figures. Antenoffi black, with the base brown. 
Two small yellow lines on the posterior margin of the prothoras ; teg- 
ulsc black, the anterior margin yellow ; a small yellow oblique spot iin 
each side of the mesothorax ; scutellum yellow, metathoras broadly 
margined on each side with yellow, and with two oblong spots of the 
same color on the middle. First and third segmente of the abdomen 
broadly margined behind with yellow. Wings transparent; the ante- 
rior half of superior pair, as well as base and tip, obscure brown. Legs 
black, with the front of the four anterior tibiai yellow. Length 8 mill. 

" Bab. — Bay of Canipeche," 



(CommunicaUd Aug. 14, 1865.) 

STiaHOVOTA., Guen4e. 
Ftoc. Acad. Nal. 8ci., Aug. 1860, p. 351. 
Fore-wingB with & curved blotch or lunule on the dorsal margin. 

The blotch beuriag three lines or streaks Uiitrlguuu 

The blotch bearing oae streak intentiiiotsnft. 

BdgmanBte triitrl^nft, n.B.— Fore-winga blochiab-brawa.cosUpale-feltov 
from near the base of the wiog to the tip, with eight blockish.. oblique streaks 
and four bluish meUllic spots adjoining the yellowish costal stripe. On the mid- 
dle of the dorsal margin ia a Urge pale-yellow blotch containing three blackish 
lines, with a bluish metallic spot above it in the middle of the wing, and a semi- 
band between it and tbe hinder margin. Hind wiuga d irk brown. 
Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 

Exartema, Proo. Acad. Nat. Sci., Aug. 1860, p. 358. 

The Wiint of .1 good ajatematic work and Europeaa generic types 
renders clasaification id this'family a work of much labor. I was not, 
however, convinced when I described the group Exartema, that it 
would be tenable as a new one ; fur it was the peculiar outline of the 
inner margin of the hinder wiuga, and the appendage attached to them, 
that chiefly induced mo to describe the imi^lnes included under this 
name as forming a new genus. . 

Upon a review of the subject. I think there is do doubt of the cor- 
rectnesH of the present location of the insects included in this group. 
I have not enough specimens to determine whether tbe appendage 
referred to, is common to all the specimens described, or whether it is 
sexual or accidental. 

It' is difficult to tabulate the described species. Individuals not 
only vary considerably in hue, but species apparently distinct approach 
each other closely in general color. 
Fore wings with a small white spot in the central fascia on the 

end of the disk mntabiUna. 

Fore wings yellowish, or ferruginous with black dashes and 
brown markings. 
Fore wings without a small white spot in the central fascia. 

Fore wings red dish -brown ; markings pure brown ...nltidailk. 

Fore wings ochreous- brown or dark-brown ; central fascia 


184 [September 

With lustrous metallic dots along the markings MruiHUUL 

With whitish spaces succeeding the basal patch and cen- 
tral fascia. fMoIatamu 

With ochreous spaces succeeding the patch and fascia. 

Patch and fascia entire, spaces ochreous white lutmtwuu 

Patch and fascia tri parted, spaces luteous totdftnm. 

With costs at base oohreous-white, without distinct pale 

Bpacea succeeding faacsl patch atid central fascia permnndAiu. 

Fore wings russe t. brown ; central fuscia not distinct. 

Varied with dull leaden stripes towards apei oonilliULUia. 

Fore wings testaceous or brownisQ testaceous. 
Costa white at base and along hinder border, or nearl)" uni- 
form testaceous with dull leaden hue TersiooloruLs 

Wings nearly concolorous; thorax, costa and spot at basal 

angle ferruginaQs toonuUna. 

Concolorous ; thorax, cosCa, spot at basal angle, ferruginous. ...inonutanft. 
With large basal patch and square patch near the tip, ferru- 
ginous gratioMJia. 

fteTiearii aerasoaua, Clem. 

Aniilheavi J eOTUteana, Froc. Acad. NaL 3ci., Aug. 1860, p. 346. 
Berloori» ^atlosana, n. s. — Fore wings testaceous- white, with a ferruginous 
basal paieh, having a nearly straight margin, and a large aquare patch of the 
same hue, reaching from the middle of the costa nearly to the tip of the wing 
and extended into the middle of the wing, with the outer edge extended as a 
atripo to the middle of the hinder margin. The basal patch is slightly dusted 
with blackish and the square patch is blajjkish on its inner edge. At the tip 
of the wing is a ferruginous dot and between it and the aquare patch a few 

The teataceouB portion of the wing is slightly striated. Tbor«i and head 
ferruginous. Hind winga fuscous. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Phiiadelphia.— Virginia. 

BerioDrii oanDlnnana, n. s.—Fore winga rusaet or ocbreous -brown, much va- 
ried with brown dots and markings. The basal patch ia dark brown and is 
well indicated only beneath the middle of the wing and a small apot on the 
base of the costa, the middle being of the general hue sprinliled with dark 
brown. The central fascia is indicated on the mi'ddle of the costa by a dark 
testaceous-brown patch and by another of the same hue on the inner margin 
and is interrupted in the middle of the wing by the general hue. In the apical 
portion of the wing is an oblique ochreous-brown stripe, extended from the 
dark patch on the costa to the middle of the inner margin and bordered on 
each aide by a non-Iustroua leaden stripe. The space between this oblique 
stripe and the central fascia is sprinkled with brown and somewhat varied dull 
leaden streaks. At the tip of the wing is a dark brown spot and the costa is 
geminated with pale ochreous and dotted with dark brown. Cilia rusaet, dark 
brown at tip with three brownish spots in the cilia beneath the tip. Hind 
winga dark fuscous; cilia pale ochreous. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. — Virginia. 


186S ] 135 

B«riaorli mnUbllMiai n. a. — Pore vinga reddish -brown, jellowish or pale- 
oohreoua, with roddiah-brown or teataoeoua -brown markings. The basal patch 
is angulated and at the base of the wing, abowa the general hue. The central 
fascia is welt marked and on its outer adg» in the middle of the wing is a 
whitish discat dot There is a eubterminal fascia ezteudiog from the casta 
near the tip to the hinder margin above the anal angle. On the basal patch 
and central fascia are short black strife. On each side of the central fascia are 
spacea, or bands of the ^oeral hue, each having a dark brownish line running 
its middle. The casta is spotted with blackish and geminated with yellowish 
or pale ochreoua. 

In the reddiah-brown speciraeo or variety, the pale interspaces are 
ochreoua on the coste and bencuth it, are discolored vith reddiah. 

It is acarcely possible, with the apecimens before me to diatinguiah 
the species from the variety, and I therefore forbear to make a conjec- 
ture. The description has been nritten so as to include all the varia- 

Coll. Ent. Soe. Philadelphia.— Vii^inia. 

Berloarii initrntaak, n. a. 

This specimen may be a mere variation of fasciatana. The orua- 
mentatioQ of the wings is very similar, as well as the color, but the size 
of the specimen is much less. 

The whitiah spacea on each aide of the central fascia is more tinted 
with ochreous than in faidatana. The outer margin of the basal patch 
shows two indentations and a central tooth or projection, while in fa»- 
fiataiui the outer margin is nearly straight or slightly curved. The 
central fascia is very narrow on the costa, dilating in the middle of the 
wing, its exterior margin bulging outwards and ia somewhat interrupted 
near the inner margin of the wing; in fasciatana it is broad and dif- 
fuse on the casta. In imtrutana the markings of the wings are pure 
dark brown, \n fasciatana they are testaceous brown. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. — Virginia. 

Seriooiia foadana, n. s. 

This specimen, although of much amaller size, recalls ^erntunr/ana; 
but the pale spaces on each side of the central fascia are much broader 
lafadana than in permundana. 

Fore wings luteous with brown markings. The basal patch is deeply 
divided and forms three patches, the smallest of which is near the eosta 
and is separated from the other parts. The central fascia is brown and 
is likewise divided into three parts, each of which is narrowly mar- 
gined with dull bluish edging. The oblique streak from the hioder 
margin is brown and edged on both sides with dull-bluiah. 


Lso [Septembeb 

It may be that feetlasia, eonclnnana nod permunifana really consti- 
tat« but one species. This must be deterniiDed in tbe future. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 
Serloorii vsnicolDmia, Cleia. Froc. Aciul. NaL Bci., Aug. IRBO. p. 3i7. 

Thia apecies which is ordioarily diatinguiahed by the white or yel- 
lowish-white costa at the base of the winjr and the white space towards 
the hinder margin of the win^, is represented by a specimen in the 
Society's Ojlleetion in which all the wliil* is replaced by pale testace- 
ous having m certain li^bta a. dull bluish lastre. I thJat it is not 
necessary to describe it as a distinct species, aa to my mind it ia evi- 
dently a variation. 

Doubtless too many species have been created out of the material 
that has been before me, but I have been f^verned entirely by a wish 
to notice clearly all the differences in individuals belonging tr this 
group, and not by a desire to multiply descriptions 

LOZOTJEHIA, Bt^pheua. 
Proc. Aoad. Nat. Sci., Aug. ISftO, p. 346. 

The species described heretofore and in the present paper, may be 
tabulated as followa : 
Fore winga purpliah-browD. 

Hind wings palc-brownisli pnrpnranB. 

Fore wings cinnamon or reddish -brown. 

Hind wing3 oehreouB Dear tba apes Boaaeeana. 

Hind winga fuacoua tsrridana. 

Fore wings oohreous. 

Hind winga dark-fusoous fraotiTittanft. 

Hind wings pale -oohreouB vasperana. 

Fore wings gray fnaooUasuia. 

LoiotBBnia vssperanft, n. s. — Fore wings ocbraons, with three ochreoua brown 
spots, two along the eoeta near the middle and one on the inner margin of the 
wing beneath the costal spots. Th"; wings are striated with numerous, abort 
oohreous -brown lines. Hind wings pale-oehreous. 
Thorax, bead and labial palpi ochreous-brown. 
Col. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 

Loiotania pnrpttrtuiB, n. s. — Fore wings dull purplish-brown, with the costa 
at the eicised portion hehiod the tip, touched narrowly with pure bright 
brown. The hinder portion of the wing ochreous-brown, containing two slen- 
der dark brown lines whinh are parallel to the hinder margin. The basal patch 
ia not distinct. The central fascia, oblique and dark purplish -brown. Hind 
wings pale-brownish, touched externallj with fuscous. 
Author's Collection. 

Loiotasnia traotivittana, n. s.— Fore wings ochreous, discolored towards the 
base, with brownish. On the costa are two dark brown spots, one about the 
middle of the costa, obliquely opposite to which on the inner margin near the 


18«6.] 187 

anal angle it a luge spot of the same hue. The other coetat spot ii elongated 
and placed an the oosta near tha tip of the wing. Hind wingi dark fuscoDB. 
Col. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. — Virfjinia. 

Loiotania fiLBMlin«Mia, n. a.— Fore wlags gra^, Blightl; clouded with dark 
fiisoouB towards the Up and at the base, and marbled with blackish brown lines 
especially towards the tip. The basal patch is well marked by two parallel, 
blackieh- brown, angulated lines. The central rascia, which is nearly trans- 
Terse is dark-brown, and margined on each side bj a blackish-brown line. 
The graj space on the basal side of the central fascia, has a slender, central 
blackish -brown line. The space exterior to the central fascia is clouded with 
fascouB, except a gra; space above the anal angle and varied with delicate 
blaokiah-brown lines. Hind wings grayish-foscous. 

I think this imago can scarcely belong to tnis genus, but there ia no 
other known to me in which it can be placed with more propriety. 
The cost* IB regularly arched from the base to the tip of the wing, 
with the costal fold not appressed. The apes of the wiog is not pro- 
duced upwards and the hinder murgin is obliquely rounded. Inde- 
pendent of other cod si deration a, the OOStal fold 13 not broad enough, to 
aoggest the probability of its belonging to Fl^choloma, and this and 
the present one are the only genera amonget the Plwatse, known to 
me, in which it can be placed. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 


ZaathBietla albloomana, n. s. — Fore wings bright lemon-yellow, tinted espe- 
cially towards the tip of the wing with reddish. From the base of the wing a 
reddish band set with lustrous scales, curves along the costa to the middle of 
the wing, leaving a lenton-yellow space at the base beneath the casta. Beyonii 
the middle of the casta is an oblique band of the same hue likewise sprinkled 
with lustrous scales, and along the margin of the wing is a deep reddish stripe 
bearing lustrous points. Cilia lemon -yellow. Hind wings whitish. Head, 
thorax and labial palpi white. 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. — Virginia. 

Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad., Dec. IS6i, p. 519. 

Fore wings pale -yellowish Oohraana. 

Fore wings white, varied with blackish -brawn raria&a. 

Fare wings dark-brown or copperish- brown. 

Ocelloid spot silvery, with three black dashes niispana. 

Ocelloid spot ochreous, with one black dash ftaroeellana. 

Steganoptycha orllpana, n. s.^Fore wings dark-brown, varied with blsckish- 
brown striations. The eosta from the base of the wing to the tip, is striated 
with blackish-brown and beyond the middle is geminated with pale oohreouB, 
the last gemination at tbe tip being large, white and with a. silvery streak, 
edged on each side with brassy line« beneath it. Ocelloid spot silvery with a 
pale ochreous center, bearing three block dashes. Hind wings dark, fuscous- 
Author's Collection. 


138 [September 

Stogftnoptjehft flftTWwUaiW, a. a.— Fore viugi copperish .brown. The aoate. is 
striated from the middle to the tip with dark brown, the geminations faint and 
dull ochreouB, those near the tip forming a dull ocbreoue spot. One of the cos- 
tal atriss, which is dark-brown or luteoua-brown, ia eitanded very obliquely 
from the apical third of the wing to the hinder margin and curvea behind tba 
ooelloid apot The ooelloid spot is pale ochreoua, with a dull silvery spot along 
He inaer margin and a email one on its upper, outer margin, with a black, cen- 
tral daah, and one on its costal edge. Hind winga dark fuaooua. 

Author's Collection, 

Other speciiuens from Virgioia, in Col. Ent. Soo. Pbilad., and one 
in my owd, are not more than half the size of the imago described. 
Their general hue is paler than the specimen I have choaen for the 
typical one. 

TOKTBIX, Treit. 

Tortrii IntOlona, n. s. — Fore wings ochreoua, or pale-ochreous. The basal 
patch i» scarcely indicated, but the wing at the baae ia more or leaa speckled 
with dark brownish. The central fascia is well indicated and ia dark-brown 
from the costa to the middle of the wing, and thence to the doraal margin red- 
diah-browQ. Between the central fascia and the tip of the wing, is a dark 
brown costaJ apoL Ttie terminal portion of the wing ia of the general hue. 
Hind wings pale-faaeous. 

In the dark apecimens the general color of the w 

towards the terminal margin and the basal patoh ie 
defined by dark brownish lines. 

Col. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia. — Vii^nia, and Author's Collection. 

Toitrix lOMrtMia, n. a.— Fore winga cinnamon -brown ; along the hinder mar- 
gin pale ochreous. The basal patch is not indicated. The central faacia is 
broad, red di ah -brown and on the doraal margin interior to the central fascia, 
ia a small, semi-oval dark ochreous spot, and the doraal margin thence to the 
baae is discolored with dark-brown i»h. The aubapical patch on the coata ia 
dark brown and beneath it. tn the ochreous portion of the wing is a testaceous- 
brown spoC Hind wings dark fuscoua. 

Author's Collection. 

These species are of small size, and were it not for the fact that the 
costal fold is absent, they might with propriety be included in Loto- 

The following species, I acknowledge frankly, I am unable to locate. 
It belongs to the family or group, Tortric.iilm, but I cannot satisfy my- 
self that it is a member of any genua in this group. The only work I 
have that treats of the Turtrlcina, is Mr. Wilkinson's British Tortrices, 
and his generic diagnoses are so pccuti^ly written, his tables of genera 
founded upon a fanciful comparison of the length of the middle joint 
of the labial palpi with the apical joint, that the location of a specimen 
is very troublesome and difficult. At some subsequent day, I will review 
what I have done in this group, as soon as I can obtain types of European 


1865.] 189 

genera and thng correct the naiuerons errors I have doubtlesa commit- 
ted, by deacribing new generic groups, when genera have already been 
created into which they could have been received and of which I have 
no knowledge. 

Therefore, rather than describe the following insect nnder a new 
generic name, I prefer to place it here provisiooliHy. 

Tortrixl fnniibrana. — Fore wings brown, varied with dark brown, abort 
Btrtn. Tlie basal patch is indicated by darli brown strife, but the central fascia 
is nnt indicated. Following the baaal patch ia a grayish -brown gpace having 
a Bhiuing lustre; its exterior edge is irregular and it widens towards the dorsal 
margin, where it beara abort, dark-brown striee. About the middle of the costa 
is a round spot of the same hue and lustre, and along the terminal margin ib a 
stripe with irregular margins, of the same hue and lustre bordered on each aide 
with dark brown. 

Sometimes the grayish -lustre is atisent on the markings, which are then 
Bimply of a paler brown than the general hue. Hind winga dark fuscous. 

Col. Ent, Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 

Proc. Aoad. Nat. Soi., Aug. 1860, p. 357. 
Halonota taatana, n. a.— Fore wings dark brown, having a coppery hue. The 
basal pat«b ie large and well defined, and of the general hue. It is limited 
exteriorly by the dorsal blotch which is grayish with a violet hue, and is con- 
nected with the first -garni Dated costal streak, containing a short, brownish 
line. Thence to the apex, the coata is atraaked alternately with brownish and 
geminated with lustrous gray. Exterior to the dorsal blotch are two lustrons 
gray, tranaverse Htreaka. The hinder margin ia spatted with black. Hind 
winga fuscous, with a coppery hue- 

Coll. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 

LEPT0BI8,* n. gen. 
Hind winga rather broader tlian fore wings, COSta slightly arched in 
the middle, apex somewhat acute, apical margin slightly concave. 

The costal and subcostal veins have a common base. 
The branches of the subcostal are divergent from the 
origin of the discal, which is regularly curved. Me- 
dian vein 4-branched, three of which are rather ag- 
gregated, the posterior remote. 

Fore wings, eosta not dilated at the base, regularly 
arched ; apex acut«; apical margin slightly excavated 
o TT , t r L and oblique: anal angle rounded. The branches of 

fl a, Headof ij.orf- ' ' ^ 

viornatana. the subcostal are eqnidistant, the apical, furcate, 

fl 0,'Hind wing. The antennse are doubly ciliated, with rather long 

hairs. The labial palpi are smooth, exceed the face by nearly twice 


140 [Sbftbmber 

the leogtli of the he&d, rather slender, porrocted, thickest opposite the 
face, theaoe aaddenly convex and taperiD>; to the tip, with the margin 
beneath slightly coDcave. 

Leptorii brerlomatana.— Fore wings tawny-yellow, with the veins and ner- 
Tulea brown, and with brown strite beneath the nervules. An obliqne brown 
band ariaee on the baeal third of the coeta, and runs to the middle of the dorsal 
margin, but doei not reach it. On the cOBta, over the gubcostal nervulea. ia a 
brown patch, etriated with darker brown. Extreme apical margin brown, cilia 
tawny. Hind wingB pale yellowish- white. Head and labial palpi dark brownish. 
Ooll. Ent. 8oc. Philadelphia.— Virginia. 


Oogta with a alight fold at the boat in tht%. 
fmleiotei TiieMana. — Fore wingt greeDieh-yeDow. Costa at the base touched 
with brown, with two testaceoua apots on the costa, one abont the middle and 
the other midway between it and the tip of the wing. The first eoatal spot is 
faintly extended across the wing as a yellowish band and the space between 
the apots is of a somewhat lighter hue than the rest of the wing. Hind wings 
grayish fuacous. 

Author's Collection. 

, Mixodiat intermiitana. — Fore wings blackish -brown varied with whitish 
that ia much clouded and speckled with blackish -brown. The baeal patch is 
indicated with tolerable distinctneas, is blackiBh- brown, and angulated over 
the base of the diik. The central fascia, blaokiah-brown, of irregular form, 
contracted in the middle, expanded on the dorsal margin, and contains, about 
the end of the disk, a rafher cmtpicuo-ai white spot. The space between the 
basal patch and central fascia is grayish, much I'louded with dark brown. Ex- 
terior to the central fascia the wing ia sprinkled with white and at the anal 
angle ia a white patch, speckled with dark brownieh. The coata ia geminated 
with white; the geminationa ure rather large from the middle (o the tip. The 
white geminations are separated by blacltish-brown Spots. Cilia dark-brown, 
speckled with white especially beneath the tip. Hind wings grayish fusoons. 

Author's Collection. 

Sidereal nnbilaDa-— Fore wings brown, with dark brown markinga. The 
baeal patch ia indicated by a dark brown angulated line and the central fascia, 
by an irregular dork brown band which becomes ochreous- brown in the mid- 
dle of the wing and seems lo be separated from a conspicuous dark brown tri- 
angular patch near tlie dorsal margin, which ia edged narrowly with ochreous. 
In the apace between the basal patch and central fascia in the fold of the 
wing, is a dark brnwu spot. Kear the anal angle ia a dark brown, obliqnely 
placed stripe, and one of the same hue above it. The costal apace above those 
stripes is ochreoua. 

SUKTPTTCHIA.* n. gen. 

Hind wings broader than fore wings. Costal and subcostal veins 
with a common origin j branches of subcostal connivent. Median vein 
4-branohed, three of which aggregated, the two central ones from a 
common base. 

• lupis latns, tnoCT plioatura. 


1865.] 141 

Fore wings with a broad/oM, ext«Dding to the middle of the costa, 
closely appreased; at leaat three times longer than broad; ooeta strught, 
tip moderately acute, apical margia rounded. The nervules given off 
from the posterior end of the cell are bent towards each other, or are 
somewhat aggregated. 

Head smooth, with ocelli at base of antennte. Antennie filiform, 
simple. Labial palpi rfo not erceeii the face, are curved, smooth, rather 
slender, espunded towards the tip. the apical joint scarcely perceptible, 
except in front. 

InTjptyoliU lUlgnsaua — Fore wingg white tioted with j'ellowEsli. The ba- 
■itl patch is dark browD. The win); beyond the buBal patch ia nearly white 
varied with leaden -colored ppeckles and atriped over the nervules with dull, 
leadan-graj, trauBverBe Btripes, two of which near the anal angle form a white 
ocetloid patch. Immediately interior to the ocelloid paWh is a small black 
■pot, having a line of black atoms running into it, from above and beneath. 
Below the apex, on the hind margin, is a triangular brown patch which it va.- 
ried with grajish and dotted with black in the middle and along the tnaer 
edge. The coata is geminated with white and striped with brown. Hind wings 
dark fuBcouB. 

I have before me a single specimen of the above insect, received 
from my esteemed friend Benj. D. Walsh of Rock Island. It was 
bred by Mr. Walsh from a willow gall, a year or two ago. I have no- 
fortnnately mislaid the letter in which his account of it is vrritten. 

The imago appears to me to differ from all the genera of Flicatae to 
a degree that warrants me to describe it as a new genera. 

Fore wings narrow, with a very large ocelloid spot, nearly three 
times longer than broad across the anal angle; costa nearly straight; 
apes rather acute, apical margin obliquely round- 
Hind wings broader than the fore wings. 
Nenralion, as in loplocama. 

Head small, smooth. Anteunee filiform simple. 
"Labial palpi, porrected, exceeding the face by 
one-half their length, nearly oyliDdrieal, but ex- 
■l^BBudot Sidereal nu. ,,^ j I 1- / , ,i, j -1 .u 

biiana. panded towards the tip and clothed with rather 

8^Headofi:»rjji(jf<:Aio]ong scales beneath; apical joint soarcely per- 

B a. Head ofdaUimonana ceptible. 

lo'^'He^f loplocama ^° h}>Io,iim„ the wings are broader ; the costa 
formoaana. of the fore wings dilated at the base. The labial 

II a, Head of Carvocapim , . , , , , . „ , 

pomoneUa. psipi are broad, porrected, exceed the face by at 

least one-half of their length, are much excised opposite the face, nearly 
• x'i>A<m puloherrimnB, a^a •iguum. 


142 [Septembeb 

straight beneath, broad and mttcb expanded beyond the face and 

clothed above and beneath with long scales. 

In Carpocapsa the wings are broader than in Callimo»e,7na ; the 
abial palpi are cylindrical, esceed the face but tittle, closely scaled, 
curved and ascending, the apical joint very distinct 

It is probable that Calliinoxema or laploiawt may be identica] or 
nearly so with the European genus Grapkf/lita. but both differ from it 
in having the apicul branch of the subcostal vein of the fore wings 
mpl; and in the furcate niedio-central nervule of the hind wings. 

Callimosema isiBtUIana.— Fore winga pale jellovrish, abundantt; duated 
nlong the costa and inner inoirgin with dark fuscous. From the baae nearlj to 
the middle of the wing, proceeds a pale jellow basal stripe along the disk, 
which terminates in a silver; spot. On the costa from the mtddte of the wing 
to the tip are four equidistant pale yellow costal streaks, the first of which is 
trauBTerse and ends in the middle of the wing in a ailverf spot, the last near 
the tip is extended into a silvery line. From the silvery spot of the basal 
streak proceeds a broad ochreoua stripe which widens as it proceeds to the 
hinder margin, and contains between the first and lost costal streaks, a very 
large ocello id spot; the costal half of this is pale -yellow, margined with silvery 
and striated with dark fuscous lines; the dorsal half consists of three large 
raised silvery spots, the center otie having three black spots on each side, the 
one nearest the hinder margin of the wing, three on its basal side, and that 
nearest the base of the wing, three externally and two intsrnolly. Cilia pala- 
yellow, dusted with faseona. Hind wings dark fuscous, cilia pale yellowish. 
Author's Collection. 

A pair oi icintiUana was taken several years ago ofi a grass plat, 
beneath a pear tree. One of them was unfurtuaately destroyed, by an 
accident. I have aearched in every successive year for other speci- 
mens, and up to the present time have not found them. 



Hind winps very narrow, pointed ; costa rather ctoncave from the 
tip to near the base, where there I's a projecting tuft, inner margin eon- 
^cave. The subcostal vein is simple, runs very near 
y the costa and reaches it beyond the middle of the 
;. The median vein is simple and runs nearly 
parallel to the inner margin and enters it nearly op- 
posite the costal termination of the subcostal vein ; 
between these, in the middle of the wing, originates . 
an independent discat branch, which is obacurely fur- 
cate, its longest branch being lost before it reaches 
the apes of the wing. There are two folds on the wing which resemble 


1865] 143 

veins, one above and parallel to the median vein, the other, above and 
parallel to the diacal branch. 

Fare winga elongate-lanceolate. The discoidal ceil i» obliquelj/ placed 
in the witiff, its lower angle approaching very near the dorsal margin 
of the wing. The subcostal vein is arched, and gives off a long, obliqoe, 
marginal branch from behind the middle of the wing, one at the supe- 
rior angle of the cell and one intermediate. A very short and indis- 
tinct vein closes the cell posteriorly, and two indistinct apical veins 
succeed the third subcosto-marginal branch, one of which ia delivered 
to the tip and the other to the costa behind the tip. 

The median vein ia 8-branched, the two superior branches sometimes 
fkim a common base and the posterior branch extremely ahiirt and in- 
distinct; thence the median, runs obliquely and direct to the base. 
The submedian is indistinctly forked at its base. 

Head smooth, without ocelli. Ant«nns rather more than one-half 
as long as fore wings, setaceous, joints thickly set, without hairs; the 
basal joint, $korL Labial palpi moderately long, reonrved, acute; 
second joint compressed, subclavat«. Toagne moderate, clothed with 

Batraohftdra lalitipomonella.— Fore wings fOscous, with a rather broad whit- 
ish stripe, freely dueled with fuacouB, running through the middle of the wing, 
from the base and along the apical margin to ths tip. Near the basal third of 
the wing on tbedoresl edge of the whitish stripe is an elongate, blackish -brown 
spot, and from the middle of the wing towards the tip, it ia edged On its costal 
side b; a blaekM-bravn line which contains sometimes a spot of the same hue. 
The apical portion of the stripe is more freely dusted with fnSCouB than the 
other portions. Cilia fuscous. Hind wings fuscous, cilia paler. 

AateDDte dark fuacous, withont while onaulatioDS, except near the tip. Head 
fuscous above, face white. Labial palpi dark fuscous; second joint, with a 
white ring at the extreme tip, sometimes whits at the base, with a broad fus- 
cous ring near the tip; terminal joint fuscous, with a more or less distinct 
whitish central ring ond the eitreme tip whitish. 

This is a very interesting " micro," not only in consequence of the 
specific resemblance it bears to the European Batrachedra prman- 
•piita, but of the discovery of its larva by one of our moat gifted and 
promising entomologists, Mr. Heoj. D. Walsh of Rock Island, III. 

In the note which accompanied the perfect insects, Mr. Walsh 
writes : " I enclose herewith several specimens of a moth, bred from 
the Tenth red in idous gall Salic is pomum Walsh MS., and a single one 
from the Cecidomyiadous gall S- rhm/oules Walsh. This is the insect 
that 1 think I mentioned to you as being very prettily marked in the 
larva state, each segment having a broad, black band and the ground 
color being whitish. I had a single one come out laat summer, but 


144 [September 

the great balk of them hybemated either is larva or pupa stato and 
oame out May 8th — 20th. They vary hat little. I have beaten larvae 
of very Bimilar appearance off oak trees." 

So far as I am informed, the larvse is unknown to European lepidop- 
terists, although it is recorded that the perfect insect, pratanffusta , is 
very common among willows and poplars in July, and may frequently 
be observed sitting on the trunks of those trees with the anterior feet 
put back, like Bedellin, and the head raised a little. 

Mr, Walab haa the honor of having made an interesting discovery, 
that puts an end to all uncertainty respecting the larva and ita food 

In a subsequent letter Mr. Walsh kindly supplied me with the follow- 
ing description of the larva : 

" Length .2(1 inch. Body tapering at each end, opaque, milky- 
whitish, with a few short, whitish hairs. The first segment behind the 
head, with an obsemioircular, shining, glabrous, brown, dorsal shield ; 
second segment with an interrupted, opaque brown, dorsal band on its 
anterior edge, the interruption occupying about one-third of the band; 
segments 3-12 with an uninterrupted opaque brown, dorsal band on 
the anterior edge, and segment eleventh with a similar hand aft its tip 
also. Head yellowish. Legs and venter immaculiite, whitish. Legs 
six, prelegs ten, normally arranged. Spins a thread, wriggles mnch 
when disturbed and runs backwards with great agility. 

" This larva occurred in abundance Aug. 23rd, and subeeqnentlv id 
the TenCbredinidous gall, S. pomtna Walsh MS., which grows OD the 
leaves of Salis cordata. Each gall contained but a single larva, unac- 
companied by tbe larva of the Nemalxu which makes the gall, which 
it most consequently have destroyed or starved out, either in the egg 
or in the larva state. 

" A single imago came out in the autumn of the same year, but the 
great bulk of them came out next spring, May 8 — 20, from galls kept 
through the winter. There can be no doubt of the correlation of larva 
and imago, because no other lepidopterous larva or imago occurred in 
the gall 8- pomum, though I had three or four hundred of them in 
my breeding vase. The insect must hybernate normally in the larva 
state, for I noticed numbers of them in the spring crawling about 
among the galls. In a Htate of confinement, it generally retires to the 
inside of the gall to assume the pupa state, though I noticed one or 
two cocoons spun among the galls. Probably in a state of nature it 
hybernates in tbe gall, comes out of it in the spring and spins its co- 
coon amongst dry leaves and rubbish. 


1865.] 14B 

"I also bred a single imago of this same species, May 11th, from 
the Ceoidomyidoas gall S. rhodoi^tt Waleh, from ^alla kept through 
the winter, and I found in the spring a denuded imago of what was 
apparently the same species, dead and dry amongst a lot of Tentbredi- 
nidous galls, S. dermodwdpg Walsh MS., which is closely allied to S. 
pomvm, but occurs on the leaves of a very distinct species of willow. 
Thus we have three different willow-galls inhabited by the same moth, 
two of them made by saw-flies and one by a gall-gnat. 

" I have several timee beaten off black-oak trees larvse apparently 
very similar to this Balrathedra, and witll the same harlequin-like 
markings, but whether the two are specifically identical, I cannot say." 


Proc. Ac. Sat. Bci., Jan. ISBD, p.S. Proa. Ent. Soc. Pbilad. Id. March, 1E63, 
Id. Dec. 18B4, p. i05. 

I wish to redescribe and change the name of a species, whose hist(»'y 
I have ascertained, aod which I have recently bred. The first descrip- 
tion was drawn from a rather worn specimen, but in the main, is cor- 
rect. In order that the species heretofore described may be more 
readily distinguished, I have tabulated them as follows : 
Legs with whita tibia. 
F. ir> ooetal balf-jetlow ; dorsal, purple, with central black 

dot ~Seimodif»li«Ua- 

Legs without white tibite. 

F. w. with a yellow, trigonal, oogtal mark. 
Mark large, extended to tip of wing. 

F. w. reddiah-violet; mark distinot, siogle; baee of 

inner margin yellow inpwblfrontalla- 

F. w. dark purple; mark indistinctly doable; base 

of inner margin dark purple Blaadella. 

Mark small ; f. w. purplish, with coatal apota Mroniella. 

F. w. with fasciaform, white markings. 

Markings broad; with exterior costal spots falgid«Ila 

Markings narrow, without costal spots. 

With four equidistant streaks vennitell*. 

With one long costal and dorsal streak near the 

tip of wing itiiglfliiitella. 

Oraeilaila DesBDdlfDliella.— i?. iriolacella. Free. Ac. Nat. Soi.. Jan. 1S60, p. T.~ 
The costal half of the fore wings, limited bj the fold, is yellow; thsdorsal half, 
purple and the edge of the latter curves to the casta a little interior to the tip 
of the wing. In the middle of the wing, on the edge of the purplish portion, ia 
a black dot, and the costa along the middle has a few dots of the same hue, but 
not BO coDspicuous. Cilia purplish. Uind wings dark fuscous : cilia the same. 

Head and autennce purplish. Face white. Labial palpi white, with the 
ends of the middle and terminal joints touched with brown. Hinder pair of 
legs yellowish ; middle and anterior purplish -brown, with urhiU tara. 


146 [September 

HEFIIOiriA. Zell. 

Proc. Ao»d. Wat-Boi. Philad., June, 1880, p. 214. Proc Ent, 8oo. Philad., 
March 1S62, p. U9. Id. Nor, 1S61, p. 82. Id. Jan. 1862, p. 133. 

Since the foregoing pages were written, I have been suecessfal in 
rearing N'. iagim-Ua (Vom leaves of oaks, collected during the latter 
part of Julj ; and I am therefore able to gay definitely, that while the 
Depticuliform mines in the leaves of the chestDut may be produced 
by the larva of Buccvlalrix tri/asdella, tbose in the leaves of oaks 
are certainly the work of a Nepticula miner. 

The mines in chestnut leaves are shorther than those on oak leaves, 
although very similar in appearance. The following is a table of the 
species described to the present time. 
Fore wings without spots or laacin. 

Pole ochreous, duated with blackisb -brown iK^inellft. 

F. w. with a white spot and a costal streali. 

Darit brown ..PlatanelU. 

F. w. with p»le or silvery fascite. 

Blackish-brown; fascia median, onrved BnbifolielU. 

Purplish-fuacoua ; fascia oblique, rather broad faiootibietla. 

BroDzy-green ; with two fasciee .Mfaaeiella. 

HaptionU BaglneUB.— Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad., Nov. 1861, p. St.—Fore wings 
pale ochreoua, sprinkled or dusted freely, with blackish -brown, over the entire 
surface. Cilia iichreoue, slightly clothed with hi ackish- brown. Head and face 
blackish-brown. Eye-caps ochrsous. 

The larvie were taken nearly half fed in leaves of black oak, on the 
2dth of July, and at this date most of the mines are abandoned. The 
larva is bright-green with a eeTitral dark-green line of ingesta. Head 
slightly touched with brownish. 

The mine is a serpentine, rather short tract, which, when occupied 
or recent, is white and nearly transparent, with a narrow, very black' 
central frasa line. It is frequently bent or curved as the larva ap- 
proaches maturity. The cocoonet is yellowish-white. Both the imago 
and larva are very small. 

Upon the authority of Mr. H, T. Stainton, for which I feel the high- 
est respect, " the ei: anterior legs so universally present in Lepidopte- 
rous larvfe are wanting in Nepticula larvse, and are replaced by mem- 
branous processes or prolegs ;" each of the remaining segments are fur- 
nished with a pair of prolegs making eighteen in all. I find after a 
careful examination, that counting the head as the first segment, in 
N. sagintUa, the third and fourth have a pair of legs, the fifth segment 
is without any, and the six following segments are each supplied with 
a pair of prolegs. 8o that the formula for the legs of X. sagiiiella 
would stand thus, making sixteen in all : 



1865.] m 

I have not jet examined the nenration of N". goffinella and it maj be 
that it is a Trifurcula. An examination necessitates the deatruction 
of the minute specimen, and I wish to defer it until I have Becured 
others. It appo^irs to me, however, that the eyecaps are too large to 
permit sagittf//a to remain amongst the Neptieulae. The larvie of 
Trifurcula are entirely unknown, eo that one can receive no aBsistunce 
in classification ftom a knowledge of their habits. 
Proc. Acad, Nat. aci., Jan. 1880, p. 13 i Jnne, 1860, p. 211, 
Buconlatrix trifiwciella-— Fore wings ochreoua, with three eilvery, equidis- 
tMit, costal streaks, the Qrst near tha base, the last at the begJDnmg or the 
apical cilia, with the spaces between them somewhat darker than the general 
hue. On the middle of the dorsal margin ie a spot of blaokzsh-brown, with a 
patch of dispersed scales af the same hue, e^iterior to it, limited externallv by 
a silverj dorsal streak. At the extreme tip is a small blackiah-brown spot, 
with an jntercilial line of the same hue exterior to it. Cilia oehreous. Hind 
wings fuscous; cilia the same. 
Antennie fuscous. Sead ochreous; e^s-caps somewhat siWery -white. 
The eocoonet of this species wiw found oq the leaf of a chestnut 
tree early in July. The cocoon is elongated, ribbed externally aud 
dark gray. The imago appeared in the latter part of July. 

The leaves of chestnut is mined early in the season by a larva that 

I have regarded as a A'ejjtiru^a from the charaelers of the mine, but I 

am now disposed to think that the mine is made by the larva of trifas- 

ciella during its early life. This mine is noticed in the Proceedings 

for November, 1861, p. 85, under A^eptteula iiujinelki. 


Proc. Acad, Kat. Sol., Jan. 1860, p. 5. 

Fore and Sind winga lanceolate, pointed. Fore viing), eubcoaial vein ailh three 

branchet near the end af the diet; apical branch furcate near t(j base; ditcai ner- 

vules, two. Mind iBinga, subcostal vein furcate; ditcai nervule, one. 

Inonrvaria mediostriatalla. — Fore wings, irridescent bluish-purple, with a 
broad golden stripe from the base to the middle of the dorsal margin, leaving 
a stripe of the general hue on the base of the dorsal margin, and with a rather 
broad, obliquely placed costal streak, of the same hae, at the beginning of the 
apical cilia. The cilia are intermixed with golden scales. Hind wings red- 
dish-purple, cilia fuscous. AntennEc and head pale-yellowish. 
TakoQ on wing, in damp woods, the latter part of July. 
This species differs in some respects from both russatella and Acert- 
foliella and from the Knropean typical species. The antennse are 
nearly if not quite as long as the fore wings, and perhaps in the future 
it may be necessary to create a new group for its reception. I have 
not deemed this advisable at present, as its oral parts are quite identical 
with those of the genus. 
Easton, Pennsylvania. 




{OommunKated Aug. H, IBeS.) 

LiHENiTie Pbosekpina. 
■ Malf. — Expands 2y^ inches. 

Upper Bide dnil black, secondaries only having « slight blaish tinge 
on the dislc ; hind margins bordered by a double row of blue crescents, 
which are wanting on primaries except at inner angle; the marginal 
row of Beoondaries ia indistinct ; beyond the crescents, on secondaries, 
is a row of russet spots almost obsolete ; primaries have a white streak 
on Costa a little more than half-way from the base, a white sub-apical 
spot divided by the costal nervure, and a curved row of indistinct whit- 
ish spots across the wing from the coalal streak io the inner margin 
near the angle; emarginations of both wings white. 

Under side light reddish-brown, with a dark shade over the basal 
half of primaries ; both wings have a double row of pale blue crescents 
on a black ground, the apical, on primaries, whitish ; preceeding these 
is a row of russet spots, before which, on secondaries, is a blue white 
streak ; primaries have a large sub-apical white spot, aud a white band, 
ungular without, curved within, corresponding to the row of spots ou 
upper side ; base of wings marked by russet and blue spots, primaries 
having one of the former on the arc and another within the cell, both 
edged with black ; between these is a small blue spot and a second 
next base ; secondaries have a russet spot on the arc, another within 
the cell and a third at base of sub-costal nervnre ; costa of both wings 

Body black above; thorax black, abdomen white; palpi and fore 
legs white edged with black; antennse and clab black. 

Fi-mak unknown ; Oatskill Mountains. 

The specimen above described was taken by me in I8I>3, near the 
Mountain House. On the 2nd of August of this year (1865), I took a 
second male of same characters in the Stony Clove, a few miles west of 
the Mountain House. The upper surface agrees in all respects with 
the other, except that the band of white spots of primaries is indicated 
by a few scales only. On the under side the band extends from inner 
margin two-thirds across the wing only. This species differs from 
Ursula in color of both surfaces, in the white band, in the russet spots 
on upper side of secondaries, and the whitish streak on same wings 
below. The lower surface more resembles Arthetnie, and the shape of 
secondaries is that of Artkemi's, being more rounded than Unula. 


July 10, 1865. 
Prof. Jacob Ennis ia the Chair. 
Eight members preseiit. 

The following Papers were presented for pablioation in the Pro- 
ceedioga : — 
" MoDogrsph of the Philanthidsa of North America, by E. T. Gree- 

" Oa some new species of Pselaphidse, bj Emll Brendel, M. D." 

Aad were referred to Committees. 

On ballot, Mr. Geoi^ W. Biddle, Jr., was elected a Eetident Mem- 
ber, and Mr. F. H. B. Loweree, of Goadalajara, Mexico, a Ctrrret- 
pondini/ Member. ' 

Adoubt 14, 1865. 
Vice President PiNB in the Chair. 
Nine members present. 
The following Papers were presented for publication in the Pro- 

" North American Micro-Lepidoptera, by Brackenridge Clemens, 
M. D." 

" Description of a new species of Limenitis, bj William H. Ed- 

And were referred to Committees. 

A oommunicatioQ was rend from the Publication Committee, asking 
the permission of the Society to publish an occasional Bulletin, en- 
titled '' The Practical EDtomoIogist," to contain short papers on prac- 
tical Entomology, for gratuitous distribution among Farmers and Ag- 
riculturists; the cost of publishing the same to be defrayed by pri- 
vate contributions. 

On motioD, the permission of the Society was granted. 

On ballot, the following named persons were elected Corregpondiag 
Members of the Society : — 

Dr. Cajetan Felder, V. Prea. Imper. Zool. Soo. Vienna, Austria. 

Emil Brendel, of Keokak, Iowa. 

A. Bolter, of Chicago, Illinois. 

W. luelicb, of New York City. 


Septeubbr 11, 1865. 

Presideat Bland in the Chdr. 

Seven members present. 

Mr. Bland exhibited speciinens of Tachinus fimbriolatm, and a Bpe- 
cieB of Onthophagui, vbich be found inhabiting a species of fungus 
commonly called the " Puff-ball," when in an advanced state of decay, 
and found in damp situations. The same species of fungus growing in 
higher situations were, he found, to be the habitat of a different insect 
— the Doreatoma timilis Say. In the fungus commonly called the 
" toad-stool," he found Oxifpoi-us vittata and lateralis, wbicb are ap- 
parently peculiar to this species of fungus ; Trttoma humeralin and 
thoracica were also found quite abundantly in the same situation. 
Under leaves, in moist places, he found specimens of Anctdm' 
and Atranui pvhe»cen». 

On ballot, the following named persons were elected Ci/rrespon/Hug 
Members of the Society : — 
F. W. Putnam, of Salem, Mass. 
Howard J. Hunt, of Burlington, N. J. 
Mrs. E. F. Bridgham, of New York City. 

October 9, 1865. 
President Bland in the Chair. 
Eleven members present. 

The Committee to whom was referred the writing of a Memoir of 
the late Thomas B. Wilson, JI, D., made their final report, which was. 
on motion, accepted and placed in the hands of the Publication Com- 
mittee for printing. 

The following papers were presented for publication in the Pro- 

" A syoonymical Catalogue of North American Sphingidse, with 
notes and descriptions, by Aug. R. Grote and Coleman T. Robinson." 

" Lepidopterological Notes and Descriptions, No. 2, by Aug. K. 
Grote and Coleman T. Robinson." 

And were referred to Committees. 




A BTnoiLj^latl OaUlogne of Horth Ameriaui SPEINGIDA, with HoMi aid 


Family SPHINGID^. 

Tribe, Macrtiijlottini, 

Genus LZPISESIA, Grot«. 
1. llaTotwolKto. 

Haerogloma fiav^faaciata. Barn ston, Walk. C, B. M. Lep. Pt. 8,p.87. (IBAB.) 
liacrvgloma fiariifaaciaia, Clemens, S. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 131. 

MacrogloumJlavqfaxuHa, Morria, Syn. N. A. Lep. Sin. Insji, IM, (1882.) 
Lt^itesiafiavofasciata, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc E. 8. ITiil. Vol. S. p. 3fl. 

17). (188S.) 
MabitaU—Atiaatic District I 

BE8IA. Fabricius, emend, nobis. 


llos»a dimnis, BoiaduTttl, Sp. Gen. Plate Ifi, fig. 2. (1836.) 
■" - Harria, Cat. N, A. Spli, Sill. Jour. Vol. 38, p. 308 (28), (1839.) 
Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Part 8, p. 81. (1856.) 
dmnis. Clemens, S. S. A. Bnh. Jour. A. S. S Phil. p. 129. (1869.) 
d^nis, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ina. p. 14B. (1882.) 
Harris, Ins. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 358. (1883.) 

Setia dfffinU, 
Sabitat—AHantie Di 

HXXOESHAOIA, Grote t, Kobiuson. 

Sail niJlcaud-U, Walker, C. B. M. Lop. Part 8, p. 82. (1868.) 
Not Seaia rujcaudia, Kirby. (1837.) 

Seemorrhagia gracilu, Grote t fiobinson. Plate 3. figs. 1 and 2, % . 
HoWtaf.— Atlantic District! 

i. thytbe. 

Sphinx Thyabe, Fabricius, Sjat. Ent. Fiena. et. Lipa. p. &i8. (mi.) 

Sphinx Thystt. Fabricius, 8p. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 155. (1781.) 

^inx Pelatgnt, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 3, p. US. PI, 2+8, fig. B. (1782.) 

Se»io Thyabe, Fabriciaa, Mant Ina. Vol. 1, p. V9. (1787.) 

Sttia Thysbe, Fabricius, Ent SysL Haf. Vol. 3, p. 381. (1T«3.) 

Sesia Oimbxeiformia, Stephens, III. BriL EnL Hauat, Vol. 1, p. 13S. (1838.) 


150 [November 

Cephrmodet Pela^iu, HQbner, Vera. 8ehm. p. 131. (1SI8.) 
Beaia I'daagua. Harris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Bill. Jour. Vol. 36. p. 308 (28). (1930.) 
Sena Tkyahe, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Purl 8, p. 82. (185B.) 
Besia Thytbe, Clemens, B. N. A. 8ph, Jour. A. N. 8. Phil, p, 12fl. (1858.) 
Saia thy»be. Morns, Byn, N. A. Lep. Sm. Ine. p. UB. (1BS2.) 
Betiapela^ui, Harrie, lot. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 326, fig. ISO. (1803.) 
Hamorrha^ thysbe, Grote k HobinBon. (186*,) 
ZToWiaf.— Atlantic Diatrict! 

B. fit*iii<i4iiclla. 

MaeroQ/otsit/uKicawlii. BoiBduvftl, Walk. G. B. M. Lep. PL S, p. 83. (ISSS.) 

Besia/uaeieawiii, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Part 8, p. 83. ()8Se.) 
Seaia/usBicaudis. Clemena, B. N. A. Sph. Jonr. A, H. 8. Phil. p. 130, (1858.) 
Senaf-uscicaudia, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep, 8m. Ins. p. ISO. (1862.) 
Hamorrhaqia fugcicaadia, Grote t Robinson. (1865.) 
floftitof.— Atlantic District! 

T. tuitalni. 

>, Linn., Syst. Nat. Vol. 1, p. 803, No. 25. (1786.) 

I. Drury, Eiot. Vol. 1, p. 57, Plate 28, fig. 5. (1770.) 
tint, Oramer, Exot. Vol. I, p. 107, Plate 68, flg. F. (17 
^inz Tantalus. Fabriciue, Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 153. (17810 

Saia, Tantalus. Fabrioius, Mant. I 
Aellopox Tanialui, Hilbnar, Eint. Samm. . 

Vul. 2. (1808—182*.! 
Macroglotaa lonata. Westw., Drury, Vol. I, p. 52 ; PI. 28. fig. 1. (1837.) 
Masrogloaia Tantalvi, H-S., Corr. Bl. p. 58 (20|. (1885.) 
AellojiHts Ihnifl/its, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Pn>c. E. 8. Phil. p. 42 (10), {186S.) 
Babitai. — Tropical Insular District! 

». titan. 

Sphinx T^tan, Cramer. Exot. Vol. 2, p. 73, fig. F. (1778.) 
Aellopos Titan. Hubiier, Veri. 8chm p. 131. (1818.) 

Macroghatum annulomm, Swainaon, Zool. 111. PI. 132, upper fig. (1822.) 
Maerogloaea bnlteata. Kirtlanrt, Sill. Jour. N. B. Vol. 13, p, 337. (18S2.) 
Afacroghita Titan, Burin., Bph. Braz. p. 17. (1858.) 
Macroghisa Titan, H-S., Corr. Biatt. p. 58 (20), (1885.) 
Aellopoa Titan, Grote, Notes Cub. Bph, Proc. E. 8. Phil. p. il (9). (1R65.) 
faiifa^— Atlantic and Tropical Insular Districts! 

8. Mgra, 

SSacrogloaaiitn aagra. Poey. Cent. Lepid. Cub, Decade 2. (13.12.) 
JfncT-iij/iWTOsaj™, Walker, C.B M. Lep. Part 8, p. 89, (1858,) 
MacTOglosea aagra. Clem., Sjn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 132. (18S8). 
Macrogloaaa aagra, Morris. Byn, N, A, Lep, p. 152. (1882.) 
JUacrogloasa ar^ra, H-3., Corr, Blatt. p, 56 (20). (1885.) 
EiipvrrhogloSiuin eoora, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. *S (11). 
JToiiioi.— Tropical Insular District! 

;, p. 80, PI. 146, fig. G. (1778.) 
j-aimyras Cecvlus. HUbner, Verz. Schm. p. 132. (1816.) 
MacToglofaumfaaciatum, Bwains. Zo6\. 111. PI. 13S, lower fig. (1822.) 
Macrogloaaa Ctmlaa, Walker, C. B. M. Part 8, p. 89. (1856.) 
MacToglosaa Ctodua, Clemena, S. N. A. Sph. Jour. A.N. 8. Phil. p. 132. (ISSS.) 
Mfierogloaaa Cecvlua, Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep, Sin, Ins. p. 151. (1882.) 
EaVMTTlu^loasam CicuiiM, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E. 8. Phil.p.43 (11). 
Habilat. — " Hezioo." (Clemens.) 




Thyrtua AbboHi, Swaineon, Zo61. Ill, Vol. 1, PI. 60. (1S21.) 
Thyreiu Abbotii, H&rris, Cat. N. A. aph. Bill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 307 (27). (1838.) 
Ths/rms Abbotii, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Part 8, p. 90. (1836.) 
Thyrtui Abboiii, Clemens. 8. N. A, Bph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 13S. (I8S9.) 
Thyreus Abbotii, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ina. p. 156. (litSS.) 
Babitat—AtlAatic District I 

AltPHIOIt, HUbner. 

Sphiw NtMua. Cramer 

ajAini; Jfewu*, Fabrioi ., ^ , , 

SpAinx Saunia, Fabrinius, Ent. Sjst, Haf. Vol. 3. p. 3SS. (1793.) 
Amphion Naaus, HUbner. Vert. Schm. p. 135. (1816.) 
ThyrewaT Xesma, Harr., Cat. N.A.Sph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 86, p. 308 (2B). (IBSlt.) 
Thyrev.1 JfeseKS, Walker, C. B. M, Lep. Part 8, p. 99. (1858.) 
Thyretta Staaua, ClotDenB, 8. S. A. Spli. Jour. A. K. 8. Phil. p. ISS. (1860.) 
Thyrms Xtasas, Morris, S;d. N. A. Lep. Sm. Idb. p. 1ST. (ISSS.) 
ffoiiiai.— AUaatio Diatrict ! 

SEIBAltU, Clemena. 
13. iuorlpU. 

Pterogonf inacriptum, Harris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Bill. Jour. Vol. SB, p. 30* (SB). 

Thyreaat iTueriptut, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Part 8, p. 100. (1BS6.) 
Deidamia inaenpta, Clem.. By n. N.A. Bph. Jour. A. M. B, Phil. p. 13T. (1869.) 
Deidariiia inacnpta, Morria, Bjn. N. A. Lep, 8m. Ids. p. 159. (1882.) 
Habitat. — Atlaatic Diatrict! 


apkinigauTx, Bmith, Abb. i. 8m., Ina. Sa. Vol. 1, p. 81, PL 31. {1797.1 
Proaerpinna gaura, Hubner, Vere. Bohm. p. 132. (1818.) 
TAyreiM gartnx. Walker, C. B, M. Lep. Part 8, -p. 100. (IBSfl.) 
Proaerpinut gaura, Clem., 8yn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8, Phil. n. 133. (18S».)f 
FroaerpiHHs gaura, Morris, Sjn. N. A. Lep. 8m. lua. p. 1S3. "(1862.) ? 
flbftitot.—" Georgia." (Abbot.) "Teia8."(?) (Clemens.) 
15. alukiB. 

Iterogon ClarkiiE, Boisd., Ann. 8oc. Ent Fr. 3ieme «er., t 10, p. 310. (1B63.) 
Thyreuar Clarkia. Walter, a B. M. Part 8, p. 262. (1856,) 
Pnteiyinwi Ciarkia,, Clem,, Svn. N. A. Bph Jour. A.H. 8. PhiL p. 134. (1859.) 
PnatrpiAtu Clarkia^ Morris, 8yn. N. A. Lap. 8m. Ins. p. 154. (1882.) 
Eabitat.~" California." (BoiBduval.) 

EUFBDBEBFIRHS, Qrote * Bobinsou. 
18. pluaton. 

ProitTpinua Phaetim, Boisduval, MSB. 
Hupn^erpinva Phaeton, Grote ik Robinson. (1885.) 
.ffoftitot— WMtern Diatrict! 

IHTO, Hubner. 
IT. IniriiliTia. 

Sphinx luyttbria, Linn., " Mant. 2, p. 637." 

SpMnx Ingubria, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 1, p. 61, Plate 28, flg. 2. (1T70.) 

Sphinx lugubris, Fabr., Syat. Ent. s. Ins. Plena A Lips. p. 53T. (1T75.) 

i^Ainr lugubris, Fabr., Sp. Ina. Vol. 2, p. 140. (1781.) 

^hinx Fegeua, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 3, p. 56, PI. 225, fig. E. (1782.) 

Sphinx Ingubria, Fabricius, Mant. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 92. (1787.) 

^hinx luffubrii, Fabricius, Ent. ByaL Vol. B, p. 356. (1TV2.) 

Spkinx lugubria, Smith, Abb. i 8m. Ina. Ga. Vol. I, p. 50, PI. 3D. {1T97.) 

" D.qit.zeaOvGoOt^lc 

152 [November 

Enyo Phegau, HQbaer, Veri. Schm. p. 132. (IRIA.) 
Thyraa i«ju*ri», Westw., Drury, Vol. 1, p. ' ' "" 
. Hit/Teat luaitbrii. Bar., Cat. N. A. Sph. Sill. 
Sni/o Ivgubrii, Walter, C. B. M. Lep. Pt. 8, 
Pterogrm luffubrii, Burm., Byat Ueb. Bph. I 

.Enyo /ujaS™, ClBm., Bjn. H. A. Sph. Jour. , - 

Enya tttgubrii, Morris, 8yn. N. A. Lep, 8m. Ins. p. 182. (1862.) 
Enyo lugubrii, H-8., Corr. BUtt, p. 57 (21). (1865.) 
Enyo lugubriii, QmW, Notea Cub. Bph. Proo. E. 3. Pbil. Vol. 5, p. 44 (12). 
Habiiat. — Atlsntio and Tropical Ingular DiBlricts ! 

aAim Camerlua, Cram., Eiot Vol. 3, p. 63, PI. 225, fig. A. (1T82.) 
Snyo Camertua, Huboer, Verz. Bchm. p. 132. (1816.) 
£!nyo OinerdM, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Ft. 8, p. 114. (18&6.) 
Enyo Canteriui, II-8,, Corr. Blatt, p. 57 (21). (1865.) 
Enyo Camtxtwi, Qrote. Notea Cub.Bph. Proe. E. 8. Phil. Vol. 5, p. M 
Habitat. — Tropical laBular District I 
le. danum, 

Bpkijuc Danum, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 3. p. 53. PI. 235, llg. B. (1T82.) 
Enyo Danain, Hubner, Verz. Bchm. p. 132. (ISId.) 
Enyo Danum, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Pt. 8, p. 118. (1868.) 
, IHerog&n Daav-tn. Burm., Syst. Ueb. Sph. Brar. p. 16. (1856) ? 
.Enyo DanuM, H-8.. Corr. Blatt, p. 57 (21). (18B5.) 

Enya Danum, Grote, Notea Cub. Bph. Proc. E. B. Phil. p. 4&. (13) (1865 
£iiJttai.— Tropical Insular District! 

ao, gorgon. 

&pKinx Gorgon, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 2, p. 73, PI. 142, fig. E. (1779.) 
Enyo Oorgon, Hubner, Verz. Sohra. p. 132. (181S.J 
Enyo lugabra, HUbaer, Zutr., 3rd Huud. p. 40, figs. 695, 698, (1825.) 
Enyo Gorgon, Walk., C. B. M. Pt. 8, p. 114. (1860.) 
EabCtat—" Weat Indiea." {Auth. Weidemeyer.) 

21. ? olilon>Ft«Ta. 

Sphinx cUoropiera. Party, "Del. Anim. Artip, Bria, PI. 31, flg. 3." 
Enyo cklo>vpUra, Walker, C. B. M. Pt, 8, p. 118, (1856.) 
£a5i(of.— " Honduras." (Walker,) 


22. pHudothyreni. 

CVtrtlommo oiclus ! H-8., Corr. Blatt, p. 57 (21). (1865). 
Not Sphinx oiciia. Cram. EzoL Vol, 3, p, 39, pi, 218, fig. F. (1782.) 
Hemeroplanea paeudothyreve, Grote, Notes Cub. Bph. Pros. E. S. Phil. 
(14), pi. 1, fig. 1. (1885.) 
Si^iiaU — Tropical Insular District! 

PEBIOOKIA, BoiaduTal. 

23. luea. 

; laaca, Fabricius, "Oen. Ins. Mant. p. 
iriciua, Sp. Ins. Vol. 2. p. 14 
iriciua, ManL Ins. Vol. 2, p. 92. 

p. 272." 
; lusca, Fabricius, Sp. Ins. Vol. 2. p. 140, (1781.) 

Sphinx lasca, Fabricius, Eot. ByaL Vol, 3, ]>, 368. (1792.) 
Perigonia luKa, Walker, C. B. M. Lep, pt. 8, p, 161. (1858.) 
Fer^onia lusca, ClGmenB, Byn, K. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 139. (185U.) 
Peraonia Imca. Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Bin. Ins. p. 16U. (1S«2.) 
Perxmnia lutca, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 58, (20.) (1885.) 

Pengonia luara, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E. S. Phil. p. 47, (16.) (1886.) 
ira*ita(.— Tropical Insular and Continental Districts I 


1865.] 153 

34. lefabTTii. 

Marroffloiaa lefebvrii, Lucsa, Bagra, Hist, de I'ilo de Cab*. (H-S.) 
iVrijwnio te/eSurii, Grote, Notea Cub. 8ph. Proc. B.S.Phil, p. 48 (IB). (18B5.) 
Kabilat— Tropical InauUr DiatrioU 

25. niUtnU. 

Pei-igoHia rtMibila, Walker, M88. [ 
BaUUit.—" Meiioo," (Walker.) 
20. dlTlu. 

Perigonia diviaa, Herri ch-Sch»ffer, H8S. 

Pcrigonia suJAonui , , ...... 

Feriptmia tubhamata, Clem., Byn. K. A. 8ph. Jour. A.N, 8. Phil. p. 138, (18iB.) 
Periffonia tu-bhamals, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lap. 8m. Ina. p. 160. (1S82.) 
Ifabilat—" Mexim." (Walker.) 
2R. glauoeioeu. 

Perigonia g/aufeerem, Walker, C. B. M, Lep. part 8, p. 103. (I8S*.) 
Ferigonia glauceacejii, Clem., Syn. H. A. 8ph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. I3S. (IB59.) 
Ferigonia glaucescens, Morris, 8 jn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 180. (1862.) 
Baiitat.— "Si. Domingo." (Walker.) 

SO. lyDBitaa, 

Sliini iKOitus, Cramer, ExoL Vol. 4, p. ISO, plate 381, fig. A. (IT82.) 
etw Ikatlu^, 1 ; Obner, Veri. 8cliin. p. 136. (1H16.) 
Caiiiomma lycaatua. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 110. (1850.) 
Sphinx Oalianna, Burm., Sph. Brai. p, «. (18&tl.) 

aaiiomma lyautva, Clem., gyn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 141. (1SS9.) 
Caltiomma lyctatiu, H-S., Corr. Blatt p. 57 (21). (1865.) 
OaUomma iycaat'ttt, QtoK, Notes Cub. Bph, Proo.E.S. Phil, p.48 (16). (1885.) 
CalUomna du;>'anna,Orote, Notes Cub.Sph. Proc.£.B.Phil.p.4e(lT). (186&.) 
.Hail faf.— Tropical Insular District I 

Tribe, Ckeerocumpim. 
OTIta, Hubner. 
30. olMuilni. 

Sphinx CkxrHwi. Cramer. ExoL Vol. 3. p. 91. pi. 247, fig. A. {1T8S.) 
Sphiw aiaiea^, Bm\Ui, Abh. * am. Ins. Oa. Vol. 1, p. »3, pi. 27. (1797.) 
Oiui Charilut, Hubner, Vert. Bchm. p. 142. (1816.) 
Chterocampa Chicritui, Harris, Cat. N. A. Sph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 302 (22). 

Darapstt OuxTilut, Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 183. (ISSfl.) 

Darapm Charilvs. Clem., 8yn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. 147. (1859.) 
r,_.. _._ ^._...-,.. .. __:. B_._ .T . tep. 6m. Ins. p. 1(18. (1882.) 

i. Veg. new ed. p. 328. (1863.) 
0(H* Charitus. Grole, NoteaCub. Sph. Proc. B. 8. Phil. p. 81 (49). (1865.) 

Darapaa Charilaa, Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep. 
- - " ■^ ' ' i. Ve 

•-impa Charii 
7Aari7«s, Gro; 
—Atlantic Diatricl 

31. mrron. 

Sphitix Mynm, Cramer, ExoL Vol. 3, p. 91, pi. 247, fig. C. (1782.) 
/ipKinr pampinaWr, Bmith, Abb. A Sm. Ina. Qa. p. 55, pi. 28. (1797.) 
Otut Myron, Hubner, Veri. Schm. p. 142. (1816.) 
Otut Cwtat, Hubner, Zutr. 3d Hand, p, 23, fig, 321-322. (1823.) 
Chirrocampa Pampiaairii, Harris, Cat, H. A. Sph. Bill. Jour. Vol, 38, p. 301 

(21). (18.m) 
Darapaa Myron, Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 183. (185B.) 



Darapta Myron, Clemena, Sja. N, A. Bpb. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 14T. (185»0 
Darapta ifynn, Morris, Syn. N, A, Lap. 8m. Ina. p. 16A (1882.) 
Charocampa pampinalrix, Harris. Ins. Inj. Veg.p, 327, pi. 6, flg. 4. (18B3.) 
Otttt Mynm, Qrote, Notes Cub. 6ph. Proo. E. S. Phil. p. 81 (48). (188*,) 
^ofrifst.— Atlantic District! 
33. *«ntooloT. 

Charnfampaversicolor, Har., C. N. A. Sph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 303 (23). {1839." 
Ckarocampat verncolor. Walker, C, B. M. Lep. part S, p. 131. (18ofl.) 
Darapta versicolor, Clem., Bya. S. A. Suh. Jour. A. N. 3, Phil. p. 148. (1858.) 
Darapsa versicolor, Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep. 3m. Ids, p. 168. (18B2.) 
Ourrocampa verticolor, Hams, Inj, Veg. new ed. p. 328. (1883.) 
0(iM versicolor, Grote, Sotes Cub. Sph, Froc, E. S, Phil, p. 81 (49). 1S85.) 
.Boitdif.— Atlantic Districtl 

Darapaa Pholut, Clem., Syn. N. A. ej.h. Jour, A. N. 3. Phil, p, 148. (18S9.) 
Darapsa Pholaa. Morris, Syn. N. A. tep. 8ra. Ins. p. 169. (1862.) 
Otut Pholvs, Grote. Notes Cub, Sph. Proc. £. 8. Phil. p. 81 (49). (1816.) 
tfoftttot,— " West Indies," (Cramer,) 

SASAPBA, Walker. 
M. rhodoeent. 

Darapsa rhodoeera, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 184. (1856.) 
Dampea rhodoeera, Clem,, Syn. N. A. 8ph. Jour, A, N. 8. Phil. p. 14 
Darapta rhodoeera, Morris, Syn. N, A. Lep, 8m. Ins. p. 170. (1882.) 

Darapsa rhodoeera, Grote, NotOB Cub. Sph. Proo. E. a Fhil. p. 81 (49). (188S.) 
Sabifat—" St. Domingo," (Walker.) 

PEBGEBA, Walker, 
Sb. thorfttt*. 

r, Zutr. 3d Hund. p. 30, fig. 525—528. (1825.) 

- " " ■- Lep.p---" ' 

--.^_- , .3ph., 

Pergesa thorates, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 
Ptrgesa thorates, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. £. 8 
Jatitot.— Tropical Insular Districtl 

CEJEAOCAKPA, Duponchel. 
36, gnndlaohU. 

Churoeampa gundlaehii, Herrich-Schnffer, Corr. Blstt p. 149. (1863,) 
auerocampa gundlachi. H-8., Corr. Blatt. p, 58 (22). (l«rtS.) 
OuETOeampa gvndUKhii, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. E. 8. Phil, p. 51 (19), 
BbJi^at.— Tropical Insular District I 

Oreua Forms, Hubner, Samni. Exot. 8ch. Lep, 2, Sph. 3, Leg, 2, En. B, Obi. 

1. (1806—1824.) 
Darapsa Porcvs, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p, 187. (1856.) 
Okcerocampa porcaa, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p, 58 (22). (1865.) 
Chameanpa parcus, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. E. 8. Phil. p. 53 (21). (1865.( 
Sabilat — Tropical Insular District! 



b. Vol. 2, p. 125, PI. ITS, fig. B, (I77fl.) 

- "1.2, p. " ' 

2, p. i 
x2feckut, Fabr., Ent. 8yat.Vof. 3, p. 377. (1793.) 
.,... jtra Nechat, HUbner, Veri. Schm. p. 135. [1818.) 
Caarocampo Chiron, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Part 8, p. 132. (1866.) 
Not Sphinx Chiron, Drury, Exot. Vol. 1, p. 56, PI. 26, fig. 3. (1770.) 
Ourrocampa Chiron. Clem., Sjn. K. A. Bpb. Jour. A. N. S. Fhil. p. laO. (1859.) 
Chteroeampa C4iVo?t, Morris, Syn. H. A.Xep. 8in. Ins. p. 172. (1882.) 
OuBWiampa Seckia, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1865.) 
CAxmcampa Jfeciits, GrotB,Notea Cub. Bph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. 50 (18), (1865.) 
Sa6i(a(.— Tropical Insular Diatriet! 

Charocanipa verfuta, Clem., 8yn, N. A. 8ph. Joar, A. N, 8. Phil. p. 152. (1F5S.) 
Ouerocampa veriuia, Morris, Syn. S. A. Lep. Sm. luB. p. 174. (1BS2.) 
SabUit.—" Mexico," (Clemens.) 
42. pTOoae. 

C'harocampa prwne, Clem., 8yn. N. A. 8ph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil, p. 151. (18S9.) 
ChanKampa pTocne, Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. 173. (1862.) 
Habitat.—" California." (Clemena.) 

" rv,l! ,_.. .,r- ..-.r ,-o-- , - 

9. BysL Ent. s. Ina. Plena, et Lips. p. 547. (1775.) 
X terta. Fabr. Bp. Ids. Vol. 2, p. 153. (1781.) 
X Uran, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 4, p. 226, pi. 3B7, 6g. C. (1782.) 
X Ursa, FabriciuB, Mant. Ina. Vol. 2, p. 9». (1787.) 
ikinx tfsa. Fab., Ent. 3yat. Vol. 3, p. 378. (1793.) 
•hian terta, 8mith, Abb. * 8m., Ine. Ga. Vol 1, p. 75, pi. 38. (1797.) 
Ihereira terta, Hubner, Veri. 8ehra. p. 135. (1818.) 
Deitephila terfa, Weatw. Drury, Vol. I, p. 56, pi. 28, fig. 3, (1837.) 
Charo-ampa term, Harr., Cat. N. A. Bph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 3(1, p. 303 (23). (IRSW,) 
Melopailii term, Duncan, Nat. Libr. VoL 37, pi. 6, fig. 1 ; pi. 6, Bg. 1. (1842.) 
Chirrocampa ieraa. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 131, (1856.) 
Philampelas ttrta. Burmeister, Bph. Brai. p. 4, (1856.) 

Ou^ocampa Uraa, Clem., 8vn N. A. Bph. Jour. A. H. 8. Phil. p. 150. (1859.) 
Charocampa Ursa, Morris, 8yn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 171, (1862,) 
Oueroeampa ieriia, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1865.) 

OiaTOcampa terta. Grote, Notes Cub. Bph. Proc. E. B. Phil. p. 56 (24). (18*5.) 
Boiitai.— Atlantic and Tropical Insular Districts! 

44. robluoDii. 

],fig. 2. (1865.) 
OvKmeampafaleo, H-8., Corr Blatt. p. 148. (1883.) 
Not C/uerocampa falco. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 132. (1856.) 
Ch'enicampafalco, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (18650 
BahitttL — Tropical Insular District I 



Oiarocampafalco, Qrote, Notaa Cub. 8ph. Proe. E, S. Phil, p, 56 (S4). (18(14.) 
SabitaL—TTopieei Contiaental Dietrict! 

DEHEFHILA, Octuenbeimer. 
M. intarmtdlk. 

Deiiepkila inltrmedia, Kirby, Faan. Amer. Bor. Vol. 4, p. 302. (OODO.) 
£a6i(o(.—" Canada." (Kirby.) 
4T. okKmansrii. 

SpAini Epilahii. Harris, Cat S30 (1B33) 2d ed. S91. (1B35.) 

DtUtphita chanuxnerii, Harris, Cat. N. A. 8ph. 8ill. Jour. p. 305 (25). 11H3B.) 

■>.... ,.._ .. ... ._ TjateF — 

Deikphila chaournerii, Harris, Agassiz, Laue Sup. p. 3ST, pi. T, fis. 2. (1856.) 
Deil^hila gain, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part R, p. ISS. (IH56.) 
Not Dtilephila galii, Stspheng, etc. (Europe.) 

DtiUphila gain, Clem., Syn. N. A. 8ph, Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. IM. (1859.) 
DeiUphiia cKaituEotrii, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lee. Btn, Ina. d. 185. 11862.) 
Dtilephila chanKenerii, Harris. Ina. Ir 
Dtilephila chamiKiKrii, Grate, Notes Ci 
Sabiiat, — Atlantic DiaCrictt 

48. oalTerlBft- 

Deitephila CalBtrUyi. Qrote, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proc E. 8. Phil. p. 5B(24). pi. 
I, iig. 4. (isas.) 
.SsAitaf.— Tropical Insular District ! 
48. llnMt*. 

Sphinx lineala, Fabrlciiis, 8yst. Enl a. InB. Plans, et Lips. p. S41, (1774.) 
Sphinx daacut. Cramer, Eiot Vol. 2, p. 41, pi. 124, fig. D. (1779.) 
l^hinx lineaia, Smith. Abb. A 8m., Ins. Oa. p. 77, pi. 39. (1707.) 
Sphira: lineata, Donovan, "parts, pi, 204, fie. 1.'' (1J97.) 
DeiUphUa daucae, Btephens, 111. Brit. Ent. Haust. Vol. I, p. 12«. (1821!.) 
DeiUph!la daucus. Wood. Ind. Ent. p. 248, pi. 53. fig, 27. (1839.) 
Deiltphila lineala, Harris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Sill. Jour. p. 304 (K4). (183».) 
Dtilephila daacut, Walker. C. S. M. Lep. part 8, p. 171. (1856.) 
Deil^hila UiKata, Clem., Byn. N. A. 8. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. 143. (1849.) 
Dtilephila litieata, Morris, Sya. N. A. Lep, Bm. Ins. p. 164. (1862.) 
DeUephUa lineafa, Harris, Ina. luj. Vag. new ed. p. 32S. (1863.) 
Deiiephila daucua. H-S.. Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1885.) 
DtiU^kUa lineata, Grote, Proc. E. B. Pbil. Vol. 4, d. 31». (18S5.) 
DeUephUa lin^ia, Oeate, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proc, E:a Phil, Vol. 5, p. 48 (JH), 
Habitat. — Atlantic, Western, Central and Tropical Insular Diatricta. 

PHILA1IPELD8, Harris. 
40. vitU. 

, Meritin, Ids. Sur 

», Linn., Mus. 

X vitis, Linn., Byst. Nat. p. 801, No. 16. (1787.) 

hinr vitig, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 1, p. BO, pi. 28, fig. 1. (1770.) 

■-■ '--t, Fabncius, BysL Ent. b. Ids. Plans, et. Lipa. p. 642. (1776.) 

1, W. v.. Frontispieces, p. 47. (1776.) 
■iaiut, Sulzer, Able. Gesch. Ina. p. 151, pi. ', 
t, Fabrioiue, 8p. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 147. [1781 

irfaeciatat, Sulzer, Ab^. Gesch. Ina. p. 151, pi. 20, fig. 1, (17TA,) 

Dapo Jusiieua, HUbner, Samra. Eiot. Bohm. Lep. 2, 8ph. 3, Leg 
Pall. 1. (1806—1824.) 
oojitssieaiE, Hubner, Vers. Bchm. p. 137, (1816.) 

■i, Weetw. Drury, VoL 1, p. S4, pi, 28, fig, 1, (1837,) 



1865.] 157 

Fhilampettu viHe, Harris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 38, p. 2Sft (IB). (1839.) 
Fkilampeluijuftietu^, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. pt. B, p. 177. (18SB.) 
Philampelta Kiiis, Burmejater, 8ph. Brnx. p. 3. (18a6.) 
Fhilampelua vilia, Clem., (larva) Byn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 198. 

PhUamptlw juMieaa, Clom., (imago) Syn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. 

157. (1869.) 
Philampeliutjiiseie«a, Morris, Bvn. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. ISO. (1859.) 
Philampelus/aJtfiaivs, H-B., Corr. Blatt, p. S8 (22). (1865.) 
Ph^mpetui vilia, Grote, Notes Cub. Bph. Proc. E. B. Phil. pp. 58 (20), 83 (51). 

Habiiat. — Atl&nttc and Tropical lusulitr Districts! 

61. liniMl. 

aiAina vitie, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 3, pi. 268, fig. B. (1782.) 

Not Sp/iinx vitia, Linn., Merian, etc. 

DuBo vitin, Hubner, Veri. 8ehm. p. 13T. (1818.) 

Phllamptlax vilU, Walker, C. B. M. pt. 8, p. 179. (1848.) 

Philampeiug viiia, Clem., (imago) Syn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 168. 

PkilarapeluJ! vii\i, Morris, Byn, N. A. Lep. 8m. Ina. p. 179. (1862.) 
PhOampeluii vitin, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1865.) 
PMomDc/iu/agdalui, Grate, Nol«B Cub. Bph. Proc. E. S. Phil. pp. 59 (27), 81 

(52). (1865.) 
PhOampelua Linnei, Grote A Robinaon, pi. 3, fig. 3 J . (1863.) 
Kabiiat-~At]&Dtic and Tropical Insular Districts ! 
52. bombaekluift. 

Philampelua Ilambecliiana, Har 
SoMtat---'' St. Thomaa, W. !■■' 

5.1. ■trennv*. 

Ourrvampa airenaa, Mfa^tries, En. Corp. An. Mug. Ac. 6ci. Petr. Ins. Lep. 

2, p. 1.12, pi. 12, fig. 3. (1857.) 
PhilampeluggirenuitSfQiole, Notes Cub. Bph. Proc. E. S. Phil. p. 60 (28). (1865.) 
ffabitat—" Hsyti." (M^n^tri^s.) 

54. Ijbmh. 

m, Cramer, Eiot Vol. 1, p. 88, pi. 55, flf. A. (1779.) 

.. „..^..-_ n ..„.^ =.L_ T.., f^g .. , .__ 

PholM liciion, Hubner, Bsmm. Exot. Schm, Lep. f, Bph. 3, Leg. 2, Eum. d, 
EI. 2. (i™6~IH2' • 

" ■ " rz. Schm. p. 134. (1816.) 

8, p. 175. (1856.) 

Pholxa limon, Hubner, Vers. Schm. p. 134. (1816.) 
Philampelua gaiellitia, (partira?) Walker. C. B, M. 
Not Sphinr satellitia, Linn., Drurj, Harris. 

PMIampelus gatelHtia, Burin., Bph. I . , , 

Philampelui mieUitia, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. 147. (1883.) 
Philampdui aaUllitia, H-8„ Con. Blatt. p. 58 (12), (1865.) 
Philampelus lyeaon, Grote, Noles Cub Bph, pp. 60 (28), 81 (52). (1865.) 
Phitampelia lyeaon, Qrote and Robinnon, pi, 3, fig. 4. (1865.) 
.HoUfai— Tropical Insular District! 

55. latallitia. 

Spiiarsaffifida, Linn., "Mant. Vol. l.p, 639." 

^kinx tateUitia, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 1, p. 63, pi. 2B, figs. 1, 2. (1770.) 

Spkmx saltllitia. Fabnciua, Syst. Ent. a Ins, Flens, et. Lips. p. 612, (I7I5.) 

Sp*tfu-«ate/H(ia. Fabr.,Bp. Ins Vol, 2, p. 118. (1781.) 

Sphinr aatellifiii, Fabr., Mant. Ins, Vol. 2, p. 96. (1787.) 

^hinr mteUilia. Fabr., Ent. Syat. Vol. 3. p. 370. (I7B3-) 

Saphm PntidOTUi, HUbncr. Samm. Ezot. Bch. Lep. 2, Bph. 3, Leg. 2, Eum. A, 

Ble. 2. (1808—1821.) 
Sphinx aalellilia, Westw. Dmry, Vol. 1, p, 57, pi, 29, fig, 1, 2. (1837,) 
Philastpelia aatellitia, Harris, Cat. N. A, 8ph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 299 (IB) 



15S [November 

Fhilamptlut Pandorys, Valker, C. B. H. Lep. part 8, p. 1T1. (18511.) 
Philampelua aafelliHa, ClemenB, (deeorip. imag.) 8yn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8, 

Pbil. p. IM. (IftSB.) 
I^Uampelas mttUitia, Morris, (descrip. imag.) Syn. N. A. Lep. Sm, Ins. p. 

176. (1382.) 
Philampelat mtdlitia. Hbjtib, Ina. Inj. Veg. newed.p. 325, pi. S.fig. 2. (Iftfl.l.l 
FhUampeiua aaieltilia, Qrote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. E. S. Pbil. pp. 61 (2»), 84 

(52). (isas.) 
Habitat.— Xtiaalie District I 

intor, Fabr., Mant, Vol. 2, p. 97. (l!8T.) 
Sphinx Crantor, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Vol. 3, p. 375. (1793.) 
Sphinx Crantor, Smitb, Abb. A 8m., Ina. Ga. p. 81. pi. 41. ( 1797.) 
PholM Grantor, Habner, Ven. Sohm, p. 134. ((ISia.) 
Sphinx acKemon. Weetw. Drury, Vol. 2, p. 55, d1. 29. fig. 1. (1837.) 
Philampelua Arhemoa, Harris, Cat S. A, Bph.'BJll. Jour. p. SOU (20). {1S3B.) 
Philam}Klu3A':henon,Vlit]k6r,C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 1 74. (185A.) 
Phil-^mpi!^ Arhemvn. "' - °— " ' " ' - ■ -* ° "'-^' - "' 
PhilanptlM Arhemon, 
Phitamptlas A';heai<m, 

Habitat— hi\s.aVic Dieti 

PkilampelM tj/phm, Morrie, 8yn. N. A. Lap. Bin. Idb. p. ITS. (1862.) 
Habitat.— Tropical Continental Diatriot! 

58. labraua- 

Sphttir labru»ax, Linn., Mus. Lud. Clr. p. 3b2. (!7B4.) 

Sphinx /abrusca, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 2, p. 133, pi. 184. fig. A. (1779.) 

^hiax labraaoE. Fabr. 8p. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 152. (1781.) 

Sphtnr hbraaco!, Fabr,, Mant. Ina. Vol. 2, p. 98. (1787.) 

Sphinx tabrutca. Fabr., Eot. 8yat. Vol. 3, p. 377. (1793.) 

Sphinx labrusca, Clerek, '' loon. pi. 47, fig. 3." 

Eamorpha elegana Labruaae. HLtbner, Samra. Sxot. Bch. Lep. 2, Sph. 3, Leg. 

2. Enm. A. Ela. a. ( l80fV— 1824.) 
Arqeua labraaax, Hubner, Van. Sehm. p. 134. (1816.) 
FhdampeliLS labratca, Walker, C. B. M. Lap. part 8, p, 178. (1856.) 
PkUampelua labrusca, Burmeister, Sph. Braz. p. 2. |185B.) 
Phtlaoipetai labruaae, Clem., Byo. S. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 156. (1859.) 
Fkilampelat labruacce. Morris. Syn. N. A, Lep. 8ni. Ins. p. 178. (1862.) 
PhUampelaa labratac, H-3., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1865.) 
Philampelua /oirusra, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. 62 (30). (1865.) 
.ffoiitat.— Tropical Insular District! 

FACHTLIA, Boisduval. 

59. flam. 

Sokinxykut, Linn.. 

«:_rfi;«fl, Linn., Syst. Nat. p 
fiaut, Clerok, " Icon. pi. 
g=u», Drury, Exot. Vol. 

l!:u^, Fabnciua, 8yst. Ent.'s. Ids'. Flens.'et. Lipa. p. 5 
" I, Fahricius, 8p. Ins. Vul. 2, p. 145. (1781.) 

I, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 3, p. 88. pi. 24«, fig. E. (1782.) 
- "•--■■-■- "-1. Syst. p. 366. (1793.) 



Pachgliajicvi, Walker, (pnrtim) C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 189. (ISGd.) 
DeikphUaJmii, Burm., Sph. Braz. p. 5. (1858.) 

Chierorampa Cravteri, M^oi^triSa, En. An. Acad. Petr. Lep. pt. 2, p. 133. (18S7.) 
PaekyiiaficM. Clem., 8yn. H. A, 8ph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 158. (186».) 
Pachylia_ficxu, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. ISI. (Igfi2.) 
Paehyliajitut. H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 58 (22). (1885.) 

Paekyliafiewi, Grote, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proc. E.8, Phil. Vol. S, p. 62 (30). (1866.) 
Rabilat---Trop\cB,l InsuUr DiaCrict! 

. inonuita. 

Sphinr fimn. Cramer, Eiot. Vol. i, p. 216, pi. 394, fig, D. (1782.) 

Hot Sphini fims. Linn., etc 

Charecampajkiai, MSn^trl^B, En. An. Acad. Petr. Lep, pt. 2, p. 133. (18ST.) 

PaeJiytia momofn, Clem., Syn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. H. B. Phil. p. 158. (1859.) 

i\B-Ay«a.Bo™a(a, Morris, Syn.N. A. Lep. fi ' "" ■" 

Fachulitt incraaia, Grote, Notes Cub. Bph. Pi 
iTaiital— Tropical Insular District! 

Fackylia r6ii"Ben», Welker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 190. (1856.) 
FackyliaTesamens, Clem., Byn. H. A, 8ph, Jour.A. H. 8. Phil. p. 159. (ISSB.) 
Pachylia TesuBums. Morris, Syn. N, A. Lep. Sm, Ins, p, 183, (1862.) 
PathyliB retam^a, H-S,, Corr, Blatt, p. 68 (22), (1865,) 
FrKlu/lia raumena, Grola, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. E. 8. Phil. Vol. 6, p. 63 (31). 

iToftifat.— Tropical Insular District! 

Pachylia inconxpicaa, Walker, C. B. M, part 8, p. 180. (1868.) 
Pachylia inconspiaia, Clem,, 8vn. N. A. 8. Jour. A, K. 6. Phil. p. 160. (1859.) 
Pachylia inconxpicva. Morris, Syn. N. A, Lep. 6m. Ins. p. 183. (1862.) 
ffa4t(o[,— "Jamaica," (Walker.) 

AHBULTX„ Boiedaval. 
S3. g«snM«B«. 

SphinTgannaaois, 8toll Sup. Cram. Exot. pt G, p.I5T, pi. 35, figg. 3—3 B. (179U.) 
Amplyptems ganascua, Uubner. Verz. 8chm, p. 133. (1816.) 
An^ulyi janosciw, Wfllker, C, B, M. part 8, Lep. p. 121. (1856.) 
Ambalyr gannaacyia. Burmeieter, Bph. Braz. p. 15. (1856,) 
ilmiu/ya-jaiMMCUB, Clem., Syn, N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. PhiL p. 153. (1859-) 
Ambulyr gapaaaif, Morris. Syn, N. A. Lep. Sm. Ina. p. 183. (1862.) 
Ambulyj: gatuacwi, H-B., Corr, Blatt. p, 57 (21). (186S.) 

Anbalyx ganoacus, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proc. E. S, Phil. Vol. 5, p. 84 (32). 
BbWtei,— Tropical Insular District I 
M. itrlgllii. 

ir atrigilia, Linn., "Mant. Vol. 1, p. 538." 
IT strigilis, Drury, Eiot. Vol, 1, p. 82, pi, 28. fig. i. (1770.) 
la- strigilis. Fabricius, Syat. Ent. B. Ins. Plena, et Lips, p, 539, (1775.) 
- ^Mgilia. Fabr., Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 144. (1781,) 

.. _„.,. T,__. .„_, „ _ ,,_p|^ jyg ,, 

3, p. 364. 

L (1818.) 
ury. Vol. 1,'p. 57, pi. 28, fig. 4. (1837.) 

" ^ 21. (18S6.) . 


Jin6u&i*(r&i/«. Clem., Syn. N. A, Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 15!. (1859.) 
ATt^vlyxttngilit,KnniB, Byn. N. A. Lep. Bm. Ins. p. 175. (18"" ' 
AiAulyr alrigilis, II-8., C^rr, Blatt. p, 57 (21), ( 1866.) 


tnbulyr itrifilia. Walker, C. B, M, part 8, p. 121. (If 
mbw/jfT utrigilia, Burmeister, Sph, Braz. p. 14. (1866, 
mba^x Hr&ilui. Clem., Syn. S. A, Sph. Jour. A. N. S 

_!_., J .1.-- u :. i — w > t — o„ i_, _ 11^ (iHCi 

hil. p. 64 (3; 

ov Goot^ Ic 

Ambulyx airl^ia, Grote, Notes Cub, Sph. Proc. E. S. Phil. p. 64 (32), (1866.) 
SiAitat. — Tropical Insular District! 


Tribe, SmerinthtT, 

69. juuiilesiLili. 

Sphinx ocellatvt Jamt 
SmerinUiiu Jamaicerutia, \ 
ffaiiiot.— "Jamaica." (Drurj.) 

60. gsmiilBtiLl. 

Smerinlliua geminatut, Bftj, Am. Ent Vol. 1, p. 25, pi. 12. (1S24.) 
SmerintKus geminata, Harr., Cat. N. A. 8. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 2B1 (11). (183B.) 
Smennthut geminatus. Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 248. (1856.) 7 
ameritUhm getninatus. Ba;, Am. Eot. Lee. Ed. p. 25, pi. 12. (1859.) 
Smerinliiu ge>ninatu>, ClemeoB, (deacrip. imago) Bvn. N. A. Spb. Jour. A. N. 

8. Phil, p, 1S3. (I8&9.I 
Smerinihva geminalui, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. 210. (1882.) 
£oitea(.— Atlantic District! 

6'. aetiiii. 

ffiiAtfaf.— Atlantic District! 
6S. opthalminna. 

SmerinlAus opthalmicvs, Boisd., Am. 8oc. Ent, Pr. t. 3, Sieme Ser. 32. 
S-nerinthua tpihalmicua, Clem., Syn. N. A. 8. Jour- A. N. 8. Phil. p. 194. (186S.) 
Siaennth-ui opihalmicus, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Infl. p. 211. (1S82.) 
ifaftitaf.— Western Diatrict! 
69. paToniual. 

Faoniat panmina, Geyer, Zatr. Sth Hund. p. 12, figs. 835, 836. (1837.) 
Snerinthus panomnua, Grote t RobiaaoQ. (1865.) 
Habitat.—" Penoaylvftnia." (Geyer.) 

Sphinr. eicaxata. Smith, Abb. k 8m., Ins. Qa. Vol. 1, p. 49, pi. 25. (179r.) 
Paonias erOECatia, Hubner, Vers. 3chm. p. 142. (1816.) 

BvKrinthta erciratia, Harris, C. N. A. 8. 3ill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 290 (10). (183S.) 
Saierinthua exceecatuK. Walker, 0. B. M. Lep. parts, p. 246. (1856.) 
amerinthnt emxecatus, Clem., 8vn. N. A. 8uh. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 182. (1859.) 
Smerinihus excteeaita, Morria.'&yn. N. A. Lep. 8m. In a. p. 208. (1862.) 
Smerinthut execeeata, Harris, Ins. In). Veg. new ed. p. 327, fig. 155. (1885.) 
Babilat—Atlaotie District! 

Spkiax Myops, Smith, Abb. A 8m., Ina. Ga. Vol. 1, p. 51, pi. 26. (179T.) 
Faoniaa Myopa, HUbner, Verz. 8ohm. p. 142. (1818.) 
Smerinthua romeccaTum, Boisduval. 8p. Gen. pi. 16, fig. 4. (1836.) 
Smerinthus Msopi, Harris, C. N. A. Sph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 3fl, p. 291 (11). (1839.) 
Smerinthua Myopa, Walker, C. B. M. Lep, part 8, p. 245. (1856.) 
Smerinthas Myope, Clem., Syn. N. A. Spli. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 181. (185S.) 
SmerinthM Myops, Morria, Syn. N. A, Lep. Sm. Ins, p. 207. ( 1862.) 
amerinOna Myopa, Harris, Ins, Inj, Veg. new ed. p. 32a (1865.) 
Habitat. — Atlantic District! 
72. •■tyloa. , 

Sphinx Aatylua, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 2, p. 45, pi. 26, fij, 2, (IJT3.) 
apkinx lo, Boisduval, " GuSr, Icon, R^go. Aoim. Ins. pi, SI." 
Bn\erinthua integerrima, Harris, " CaU Ins. Mass. Hitch. Eep. Geol," 
SiMHniAujiib, Boiad., Griff. *Pidg. CuTier, Vol. 2, pi. 8. Ha. 4. (I83S,) 
SmerintAas lo, Wilaan, Treat. Ent. Brit. Eocyc. p. 246, pi. 236, lig. 5. (1835.) 



Snierin/Jius Aitf/laa, 

Smerinthus Aatylut, Harris, Cat. S. A. Sph. Sill. Jour. 

Smerinihun Aietylux, Wiilter, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. Hi. (18S8.) 

„. .... .. . ... , ^ Qjjj K.A.8pk.'- • " " ■-■ 

9, Byn. N. A, Lep 

Smerinthua mmUatus, Wallier, C. B, M. Lep. p»rt"8, 
5menn(*ua modesta Clem,, Syn. N, A. Sph. Jour. A.^. 8. Phil. p. 183. (1859.) 
StaerintAus mixleata, Morris, Sjd. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. ZIO, (18fl2.) 
ffoiita^— Atlantic District! 

CEE880HIA, Grote 4: fiobinson. 
74. JDgUndis. 

Stkinx ivglandU, Smith, Ahb. 4 Sm., InB. Ga. Vol. 1, p. 57, pi. S». (l"Br.) 
•aorpka dtniaia J-uglandia, Hllbner, Samm. Eiot Bohm. Vol. 1, Lep. 2, Sph, 
3, Leg. 4, Am. B, Den, b. (IfiOB— 1824,) 
I^lyptichus jvglandis, HUbner, Vera. Schm, p. 141. <18ie.) 
5in«rin(Aus jv^/onifu, Harris, Cat. M. A. Bph. Bill. Jour. Vol. 3fl, p. SU2 (12). 

Smerinthuijugland-if, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p, 24T, (18&B.) 
SmeHnthutjvglandit. Clera,, Syn, N, A. Sph. Jour, A. H, 8. Phil. p. 185. (U'.A] 
SaKrmlhuiJiiglandia, Morris, Syn, N, A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 213. (18A2,) 
SnerinlhiuJuglandU, Harris, Ins. Inj, Veg, new ed. p. B28. (1865.) 
Creaionia juglandi), Gmte A Kobinson. (1885.) 
.Sabitot.— Atlantic Dietrict ! 

Tribe, SphingiTii. 

76. tatrio. 

&jAine(«ino, Linn., "Man t. Vol. l,p. 538," 

«....,.._ ...._■. 17.1.-: .:..g^ gygL £„( g^ jq,^ Flens. sL Lipa. p. 540. (1775,) 

io, Fabr., 8p. Ins, Vol, 2. p. U5. (17 
dmbal. Cramer. EioL Vol, 3, p. 90, pi. 
&Jilnx teirio, Fabr., Mant. Vol. 2, p. 98. (1787.) 

lAiBE liasdnibal. Cramer. EioL VoL 3, p. 90, pi. 248, fig. F. (1782.) 

■io, Pabr,, Ent. Syst. Vol. 3. p. 36«. (1793.) 
SylaicM Hatdrubat, Hubner, Verz. Bohm. p. 1.19. (IB18.) 
Sphinj- Aidrvbal, Poey, Cent, Lep. Cuba, (1832.) 
Macraiila /Tasdrubal, Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 202. (1856.) 
&>hinxf tttrio. Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 283. (1858.) 
Pamdoiphinx tetrio, Burmeister, Bph. Brai. p. 8. (IS5S.) 
MacrosUa HatdTubai. Clem., Bjn. S. A, Sph, Jour. A, N. S. Phil, p. 181. (1869.) 
Macrosila Hradrubnt. Morris, Syn, N, A. Lep, 8m. Ins. p. 184. (1882.) 
Maeros:la Asdrubal. H-S., Corr. Blatt, p. 59 (23). (18660 
Pseudotphinx letrio, Grote. NoteaCub. Bph. Proc. E. B. Phil. p. 84 (32). (1886.) 
fla6iia(,— Tropical Insular District! 

AKFHOim, Poey. 
76. antnai. 

X Anticut, Drury, Exot. Vol. 2, p. 13, pi. 25, fig. 2. (1773.) 
...X JairopKce, Fabrioius, Bp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 143. (1781.) 
inx Medor. Cramer, E^ot. Vol. 4, p, 215, pi, 394, fig. A. (1782.) 
Aiftina; Jatrophit, Fabrioius, Ent, Syst. p, 382, (1793.) 
CocyHuf Jatropha, HUbner, Vera, Bchm. p. 140. (IB 8.) 
Amphoayx Anbeug, Poey, Cent. Lep. Cuba, Decade 1. (1832.) 
apkini Anttrui, Westw, Drury, Vol. 2, p. 47, pi. 25, fig. 2. 
Ifacroiila Antamt. (partial) Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 200. (18S9.) 
Sphiar Jalropka, Burmeister, Sph. Braz, p. 9. (tSf>8.; 



ifaa-oailii Anbeua, (p&rlim) Clem., 9yn. N. A. 9ph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil, p. 162. 

HaCTOiila Ant/xus, (nartim) Morris. Syn. N.A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 186. (18B2.) 
MaCToaila Anlhau», H-8., Corr. Blalt. p. 59 (23). (IBB5.) 

Ampkonyx Anlaan. Orote. Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E, 8.P!i[l.p.66 (34). (18 b.) 
Habitat.— Trvjiicai Inauldr Diatriotl 

;t. dnponehel. 

Amphonyx Duponc/al, Poey, Cent. Lepid. Cuba. (1832.) 

Macnaila Antaeaa, (partirn) Walker, C. B. M. part S, Lep. p. 200. (1N5e.) 

Not SphiTix Antceiu, Oiury, etc. 

Jiacronia Antcaa, (partiin) Clera,, Syn. N. A, Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 1152. 

Man-otila Antaut. (partim) Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. 9m, las. p. 188. (1862.) 
JIaCTOMla dupoAskel, H-8„ Corr. Blalt. p. ft» (23). (1BB&.) 
.diBpAo7H/j:rfHponcAe/,GroUi, NotesCub. Sph. Pr, E. 8. Phit.p.fiT (3»). (186S.) 
Habiiat. — Tropical Insular District! 

Pklegethontiat clutntiua, Hilbner, .Vsr 
Am^rmyx elvtntiua, Poey, Cent. Lepi 

. MaerofOa dutntiua, Walker, C. R M. , ^ ,_ , 

JKiicrow/a ciueniiiM, Clem.,SyD. N. A.8ph, Jour. A. N. 9. Phil. p. 163. (18i 
Maeronla etttenliua, Morris. 8yn. N. A. 8ph. Bm. Ins, p. 18S. (1882.) 
Maer(Hdln cluetUiitt, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. SB (2.1). (18S5.) 
Araidumvx duiBtma, Grole, Notes Cub. Bpb. Proc. E. 8. Phil. Vol. ■■,rtB7 tz:'i 
(186.'i.) ' 

iTaftiioi.— " Cuba." (Poey, H-9.) 

KACEOq^LA, Boisduval, emend. Grote. 

cius, SvBt. Ent. a. Ins. Flens. et. Lips, p. MO. (1T75 ) 
r. Ab. Gesoh. Ins. pi. 20, tig. 2. (1775 ) 
Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 145. (1781.) 

It. p. 21, pi. 301, fig. A. (1782.) 
X Tuatiaa, Fab., Mant. Ins. Vol 2. p. 95. (1787.) 
X ruitiea. Fab., Ent. Syst. Vol. 3. p. 386. (17B3.) 

jt chianantki. Smith, Abb. t 8m., Ins. Ga. Vol. I, p. 67, pi. 34. (17B7.) 
Coiytiiii nuUca, Hubner, 9amm. EioL 8chm. Lep. 2, 8ph. 3, Lea. 4. Hand 

B, Pond. 2. (1806—18.4.) f ' B . 

CocyUtit Tuaiiea, HUbner, Verz. Schm. p. 140. (1810.) 
MaerosUa mttica, Walker, C. B. M. part 8, p. 1B». (1856.) 
Proioparce mstiea, Burmeister. 8ph. Bras. p. 7. (1856.) 
IdaCToaila raetict, Clem., 8yn, N.A. Bph. Jour.A. N. 8. Phil. p. 163. (ISiO.) 
Macrosila rualica. Morris, 8yn. S. A. Lep, Sin. Ins. p, 187. (1802 ) 
Sphinx Tuaiiea, H-8., Corr. Blatt. p. 69 (23). (186S.) 

Sphinx matica, Qrote, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. 68 (36). (1865.) 
H<d/itat — Atlantic and Tropical Insalar Districts I 

80. ootini. 

Sphinx oeftiw, Klug. Neue- 8chm. Heft. 1, p. 4, pi. 3, fig. 2. (1836.) 
Jkacronla inatita, Clem., Syn, N, A. 8ph. Jour. A N. 8. Phil. p. 1B4. ((359.) 
JUacrosila inetita, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Ins. 8m. Ins. p. 1 87. (1862.) 
Maaroaila ochua, Grote, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. 68 (36). (1885.) 
HaJitai.—" Mexico," (Klug.) " Honduras," (Clemens.) 

. :, p. .t*6. (1764.) 
I, Drury. III. Exot. Ins. Vol. I, p, 52. pi. 25, fle. 1. (1770 ) 

If. 1. (i; 

.39. (177 



r earolina, Pabr., Mant. Ins, Vol. 2, p. U. (1787.) 
'na, Fabr., Ent. Byst. Vol. 3, p. 3fi.1. (17B3.) 

- ■ ■ ■ ■ ■d. i Bm,, Ins. 6a, Vol. 1, p. 65, pi. 33. (1787.) 

ifyhitu Carolina, Smith, Abb. i ,,.,-,-, 

Manduca o6*ruro tarolitia. Hiibner, Samm. Esot. Sohm. Lep. 2, Sph. 3, Leg. 

3, Obs. b, Maud. B. (18UI1— 1824.) 
Phlegethontiun Carolina, Hobner, Verz. 8chm. p. 140. (1816.) 
Sph-inx Carolina. Stepheng. 111. BriL Ent. HnusC. Vol. 1, p. IIS. (1S28.) 
Sphinx Carolina, Weatw, Drury, Vol. I, p. 47, pi. 25, fig. 1. (1837.) 
Sphinx carqtina. Wood, Ind. Ent. p. 246, ill. 53, fig. 22. (1839.) 
Sphinx Carolina, Karris. Cat. X. A. Sph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 2B4 (14). (1839.) 
SphinT Carolina, Walker, C. B. M. part fi, Lep, p 216. (18 6.) 
Marrasila Carolina, Clem., Sya. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. 165. (]85fl.) 
ifacronila Carolina. Morris, S;n. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. ISU. (1862.) 
Sphinx Carolina, Harris. Ins. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 322, fig. 145—147. (1883.) 
Sphinx Carolina, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 59 (2'). (ra65.] 

Sphinx Carolina, Grote, Hotea Cub. So. Pr. E, 3. Phil. Vol. 5, p. 69 (37). (1SB5.) 
.Ha6fIaf.~Atl antic and Tropical Insular Districts I 

82. qainqnenuiiralato. 

'* Sphinx quinquemaculatvs, Haworth." (Autb. Stephens.) 

SpAiTw cai-o/ina, Donovan, " part 1 1, plate 36!." ( lti04,) 

Phlegelhontias Celeas, Hubner, fiamm. Exut. Sohm. Lep. 2, Sph. 3, Leg. 4, 

Maud. B, Ponrt. S. (1806— lfi24.) 
Sphinx quinqueTiiaculatut, Stephena, 111. Biit. Ent. Haust. VoL 1, p. 119. (1 FI28.) 
^hinx quinquemaculalus. Wood, Ind. Eut. p. 246. pi. 53, fig. 23. (1839.) 
^hinr ^in<[uemactilala. Walker, C. B. M. part 8, lep. p. 217. (1856.) 
Macrosila guingaemaculata, Clemens, 8yn. N. A, Sph. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. 

166. (1869.) 
Uaeroiila guinquemaeulata, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. 190. (1BK2.| 
Sphinx quinquemaculatiui, Harris, Ins. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 322, fig. 142—144. 

Sphinx qitinquemaculaia. Fitch, Xintb 4, lig. I. (1865.) 
ifaSitaf.- Atlantic District I 

83. Bin^ata. 

Sphinx convolauli. Drury, Exot. Vol. 1, p. 54, pi. 25, fig. 4. (1770.) 

Not Sphinx convolmli, tinntens, (Europe). 

Sphinx ciagvlata, Fabricius, SysL Ent. a. Ins. Plena, et. Lips. p. 545. (1775.) 

Sphinx cifyulata. Fabricius. Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. \bl. (1781.) 

Sphinx conoolvuli, Cramer. Exot. Vol. 3, p. 55, pi. 225, fig. D. (1782.) 

Sphini dngKlata. Fabricius, Mant. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 97. (178T.) 

Sphini- cingtLlata. Fabricius, Ent. Svst. p, 375. (1793.) 

SphittT ronvolvull, Smith, Abb. 4 Bm. Ins. Ga. Vol. 1, p. S3, pi. 32. (1797.) 

Sphinx Drurm'. Donovan, " Brit. Ina. p. U. pi. 469." (1810.) 

Aarius cingulatua, Hubaer, Samm. Exot. Bchm. Lep. 2, Sph. 3, Leg. 4, Mand. 

B, Pond 4. (1806— M24,) 
Agriua eingulatun, HUbner, Vera. Sohm. p. 140. (1816.) 
"-■ r Drvrta, StPphena. III. Brit. Ent. Hauat. Vol. 1, p. 126. (1828.) 
■r. cingulata. West. Drury, Vol. 1, p. 49. pi. 25, fig. 4. (1837.) 
1^ Drar/ei. Wood, Ind. Ent. p. 246, pi. 5.3, fig. 24. 118.39.) 
■x cliigulata, Harr., Cat. N. A. Sph. Bill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 349 (13). (1839.) 
<z cingixlata, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 215. (1856.) 
opainr eingulala, Burmeiater, Sph, Sraz. p. 12. (1856,] 
Haermila cinguiala, Clem.. Byn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 164. (185B.) 
Macroiila cingutata. Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep. Bm, Ina, p. 188. (1862.) 
5pAinirnnffH/ate,Grote.NotesCub.Sph,Pr.E.S.Phil.Vol.5,p.69(37). (1866.) 
S'aJnfaf.— Atlantic and Tropical Insular Districts! 

DILUDI&, Grote k Robinaon.. 

I. brontai. 

X Brontes, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 2, p. 52, pi. 29, flg. 4 (1773.) 
X Bi-ontes, Westw. Drury, Vol. 2, p. 56, pi. 2B. fig. 4. (1S37.) 
X ironies, H-S., Corr. Blatt. p. 59 (23). (1865.J 



^kinx Brontes, Grotfl, Notes Cub, Sph. Pr, E. S. Phil. Vol. 5, r 

%. 5. (1865.) 
Diludia BronUa, GroM », Robinson. (186S.) 
Son alioram. 
fla5iJa(.— Tropicftl Insular District! 

X Floreatan, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 4, p. 216, pi. 384. fig. B. (17B2.) 
■'-« Forettan, Hobner, Vera. Bchiu. p. 140. (1816.) 

^feAinz Florcstan, Burmeister, BtpIi. Braz. p. 10. (1866.) 

JBacrojiftiForMfan, Clem., Byn. N.A, Bph.Jour.A. N. 8, Phil. p. 1(17. (18B5.) 
MiKroiHa Forestan, Morris, Byn. N. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. IBl. (1862.) 
Diludia FloreHan, Grola A Robinson. (1865.) 

Mabitat.—" Honduras." (Clemens.) 
86. Mlluia. 

Hacrotila cotlarit, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 201. (1856.) 
MaerasUa coliarit, Clem,, 8yn. N, A, Sph. Jour. A. N. 3, PLil. p. 161, (185fl.) 
Maeroiila eo/laris, Morris, Syo. N. A, Lap. 8m. Ina, p, 184, (1862,) 
Diludia eotlant, Grute i, Robinson. (18S5.) 

flaWtaf.— "Jamaica;" "8t. Domingo." (Walker,) 

8TZT0IA, Grots i, RobinsoD. 
ST. affliote. 

■ Sphinx a.^ie.ta, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Pr. E. S. Phil. p. 71 (39). (1B85,) 

Syzyffia afflicta, Grote * Robinson, pi. 3, fig. S, % . (18B&.) 
Mabitat Tropicsil Insular District! 

DABEMHA, Walker. 
SS. rapentinns. . 

^hinx Brontes, Boisd., Bp. G^n. pi. 15, fig. 8. (1832.) 
Not SpMnx Brontes, Drury, H-8„ Grote. 

Macrrmla BnmUat Walker, C. B, M. part 8, p. IBB. (1856.1 
Duremma vndaloaa, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8. p. 231. (Igs6.) 
Ceratomia repeiUinut, Clem., Syn. N. A. 8ph. Jour. A. N, 8, Phil. p. 180. (185B.) 
Ceratemia Tepentinim, Morris, Byn. N. A, Lep, 8m, Ins, p, 206. (1862.) 
Ceratomia repentintui, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph, Pr. B, B, Phil, p, 3B (7). (1865.) 
Sphinx repentinus, Grote, Notes Cub, Sph, Pr. E, B. Phil. p. 72 (40). (1865.) 
Daremiaa repentinut, Grote A Bobinson. (1865.) 
.Hiiittai.— Atlantic District I 


89. UDftLtor. 

Agriua Am^atar, Httbner, Samm. Exot. 8chm. Vol. 2, Lep. 2, Bph. 3, Leg. 4, 

Maud. B, Pond. 4. (1806—1824,) 
CeralOJiiia quadriEOmia, Harris, Cat. N.A. Bph. Bill, Jour. Vol. 38, p. 293 (13). 

Ceratomia guadricomia. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 258. (1856.) 
Ceratomia quadricomie, Clemens, Syn. N. A, Sph. Joar, A. N. B. Phil. p. 1 79. 

Ceratomia qaadricomie, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Bra. Ins. p, 205, (IR62,] 
Qroeomin {BorfricDrnii, Harris, las, Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 323, fig. 148, (1833.) 
Ceratomia Amynfor, Grote k Robinson. (1885.) 
.fiaAi'Iat.— Atlantic District I 

8PHIKZ, LinnnuB, 

90. lanoapliData. 

Bphitix leucophcEota, Clem,, Sjn. N. A, Sph. Jour. A. N. 8, Phil, p, 168. (18jB.) 
^hinx kucophaata, Morris, Syn, M, A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p, 193, (1862.) 
Mabitat.—" Teia«." (Clemens.) 



9L Juminatram. 

" " .mm. Boiad.. Griff, i Pidi.Cnvier. Vol.2. Dl. 83. fiir.l. . , 

. (1836.) 

Spftiiu; jcwmiBWritm, Boiad., Griff, t Pidg. Cnvier, Vol. 2, pi. 83, fig. 1. (1831) 
^Ainxjaminea'nim, ■Wilson, Treat. Ent. in Enojc. Brit. pi. 2S8, fig. ft. (1836.) 
^inxjatmineaTvm, Clem., 8ya. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. H. 8. Phil. p. 173. (18. B.) 

ixjofminearum, Morris, Byn. H. A. Lep. Sm. Ina. p. 198. (1882.) 
Habitat.— "Stv York;" " Pannsjlvanifc" (CIbidbub.) 

92. o^eriti. 

Letiiia chermi, HUbner, SBOmi. Ezot. Schtn. Vol. 2, Lep. 2, Bph. 3, Leg. 4, 
Mand. B, Pond, S, (1806—1824.) 

fSphutx dnerea, Harris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 3S, p. 29ft (IS). (1839.) 
Sphinx cinerea, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part S, p. 21T. (IB5A.) 
■^ kinx cinerea, ClemenB,ern. N. A. 8pE. Jour. A, H. S. Phil. p. 189. (18i1(.) 
h,nx einerea, Morris, Byn. N. A, Lep. 8m, Ins. p. 194. (1862.) 
Kins cinerea, Harris, Ins. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 328. (1863.) 
hinx eherm, Grota A Bobinaon. (186ft.} 
fioiito^— Atlantic District I 

93. drapiferanm. 
Sphinx drvpifen 
Ziethia drupifent 
Sphinx drupifen 

Sphinx drupi/eranm. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 318. (1866.) 
Sphinx drupiferarum,Cltm.,Sja. S. A. 8. Jour. A. K. 8. Phil. p. 173. (1M9.) 
Sphinx dntpiferaram, Morria, Byn- N. A. Lep. Sin. Ina. p. 197. (18e».) 
^inx dmpiferanm, Harris, Ins. Inj. Veg, new ed. p. 328, (1883.) 
.Hoiifaf,.— Atlantic District! 

94. banaa. 

Sphinx KalmiiE, Smith, Abb. A 8m.. Ins. Qa. Vol. 1, p. 73, pi. 37. (179T.) 

Lelhia Kalnio!, Hubner. Verz. Sehm. p. 141. (1818.) 

Sphinx Kaimia, Harris. Cat. N. A. Spb. Sill. Jour. Vol. 3a,p. 295 (1ft). (1S39.) 

Sphinx Kalmite, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part H, p. 2ia (1866.) 

&ihinx Kaltnia:, Clem., &yn. N. A. 3ph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 171. (1869.) 

^hita Kalmia, Mania. Byn- N. A. Lap. 8m. Ins. p. IBS. (I8«2.) 

Bft. gordliu. 

Sphinx GonfttM, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 3, p. 91, pi. 247, fig. B. (1782.) 
Lethia Oordiut, HUbner, Vera. 8chm. p. 141, 11818.) 
Sphinx poecila, 8tephens, 111. Brit Ent. Haast Vol. 1, p. 222. (182B.) 
Sphinx Oorditut, Karris, Cat. N. A. Bph. Bill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 29ft (16). (1839.) 
&ihinx poecila. Wood, Ind. Ent. p. 246, pi. &3, fig. 2S. (1B3B.) 
&ihinx Qordiiu, Walker. 0. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 21S. (18ft6.)' 
^hinx Qordiut, Clem., Sjn. M. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 173. (18ft9.) 
^hinx Qordius, Morris, Syn. S. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 198. (1862.) 
^)hinx Oordiat, Harria, Ina. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 328. (1863.) 
ffoiifaC— Atlantic District! 

, yn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A, If, B. Phil. p. 172. (ieft9.) 
^hinx luscilioia, Morris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ins. p. 197. (1862.) 
JToitfnt.— Atlantic District! 

97. eremitni. 

Agriut eremiue, Hubner, Bamm. Exot. 6chm. Vol. 2, Lep. 2, Sph. 3, Leg. 4, 

Mand. S, Pond. 1. 1 1696—1824.) 
•SMinzsoriffda, Harris, Cat. X. A. Bph. Bill. Jour Vol. 36. p. 296 (18). (ISSB.) 
Sphinx aordida, Walter. C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 219. (1866.) 
Sphinx mrdida, Ctera., Sjn. N. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. 169. (18GB.) 



BalnlaL—i.iluitic Diitrlet I 

OOLBA, Walker. 
IS. hylnu. 

l^hinx Hylacut, Drury, ExoL Vol. I, p. ii, pi. 28, fig. 3. (1TT3.) 
Sp\inx Syiaui. Cramer, Bxot. Vol. 2, p. IB, pi, lOJ, fig, C, (ITT9.) 
Sphinx HyUEta, Fabricius, Sp. Ins. Vol, 2, p. 14». (1781.) 
''-'■■-X Byiam, Fabriciue, Mant. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 97. (1787.) 

I fljitem, Fabrioiufl, Ent "~-' " " " "~ 

arPnm, Smith, Abb. A 8l 
Hyloicaa Sylaiu. Huboer, Veri. 6chm. p. 139. (IBte.) 
Sphinx Hylieua, Weetw. Drory, Vol. 2, p. iV, pi. 28, fig. 3. (1837.) 
Sphinx ByUgM. Harris, CaL N. A.Sph.Bill. Jour. Vol. 3S, p. 296 (IB). (1639.) 
Doiha Bylccia, Walker, C. B. M. Lap. part R, p. 230. (1856.) 
Dolba Hylaui, Cleio., Svn. K, A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 178, (1859.) 
DoUta Hylmm. Morris. Sya. S. A. Lep. 8m. Ins. p. 203. (1862.) 
Sphinx Myites. Harris, Ins. InJ. Yeg. new ed. p. 32S. (1SS3.) 
Balntal.—Kaa.atie Diatrict! 

ETL0ICU8, Hubner. 
09. plsbsU. 

Sphinx plebeia. Pabrlcma, Oen. Ina. Kilite, p. 273. (1776.) 

thinxpUheia. Fabrioius, Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. U6. (1781.) 
hinxpUbeia, Fabriciua, Maot. lus. p. 95. (1787.) 
Sphinx plebeia, Fabricius, £□!, Syat. p. 367. (1793.) 
Sphinx plebeai, ?,>xp^., 111. Brit. Ent. Hauat. Vol. 1, p. 222. (1828.) 

fihinx pUbcitt, Harris, Cat. N. A. 8ph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 36, p. 296 (16). (1839.) 
ikinx plebeia. Wood, Ind. Ent. p. 246, pi. i3, fig. 27. (1839.) 
neeryx plebeia, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 22*. (1858.) 
Sphinx piebela, Clemens, Byn. N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. ITC. (1859.) 
^inxpleieia, Morria, Sya. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ina. p. 195. (I8S2.) 
Syloicus plOeia, Grote A Robinson. (1886.) 
Mabiiat, — Atlantic District t 
100. poeji. 

Erinnyis Poeyi, Oundlach, USS. Orate, Ann. N. Y. Lye. Nat Hist. (ISfiS.) 
Hyloicua Poeyi, Qrote, Aon. K. Y. Lye. Nat. Hiflt. (1865.) 
Habitat— Tiopieai Insular DiatriatI 

Byloimi coniferarum, Ht)bn«r, Vera. Bchm. p. 139. (1818.) 
Non alicn-um, 
BoSiCat— V Georgia." (Abbot.) 

t&, Clemen a. 
>, Harria, Cat S. A. Sph. Sill. Jonr. Vol. 36, p. 297 (17 

Aneeryx coniferaTum. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8. p. 221. {18S6.) 
ElUma HarriHi, Clem., Syn. JT. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. PhiL p. 188. 
EUema Marriai, Morria, 8yn. N. A. Lep Sin. Ina. p. 218. (1882.) 
c_... .-, „..^<. ■--, jQj, Veg. new--" " '"'' '"'" ■ 

Aifat.— Atlantic DUtric 

Uf UU, Walker. 

lOS. bombyeoldai. 

Lapara bombymidea, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 233. (IfiSO.) 

Lapara bomlycoidai, Clem., Syn. N. A. 8ph. Jour. A. H. 8. Phil. p. 187. (1859.) 


IXIHKYIS, Hubner. 

Erinnyis rimoaa, Grote, NotfiB Cub. Sph. Proc. E. 8. Phil, Vol. 5, p. 73 (41), pi. 
2,&g.\.%. (1884.) 
Habilat. — Tropical Insular DiBtrict ! 

I OS. gougrktbUBi. 

Erinns/i> conaratulani, Gundlacb, MSS. Grote, Ann. N. T. L;e. Nat. HiaL 

Erinnyit congratulani, Grote, Ann. N. T. Lyo. Nat. HiiL (1865.) 
foMtat.— Tropical Insular District! 

106. Okil 

I Ckiiau, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 2, p. 42, pi. 125, fig. F. (1779.) 
X CdicM. Fabriciiis, 8p. Ina. Vol. 2, p. 151. (1781.) 
X Caicut, Fabricius, Mant. Idb. Vol. 2, p. BT. (1787.) 
^hinr Oainaa, FabricLua, Ent. ayat. Vol. 3, p. 375. (17B3.) 
Phryrvji CaicUH, HUbner, Vera. Schra. p. 137. (181B,) 
Anixryx Caictm, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. 228. (1S5B.) 
Anceryx Caicug, riem., Syn. N. A. 8ph. Jour. A. N. 8. Phil. p. 177, (1 
Ancayx Qiiatj, Morris, Syo. N. A. Lep. Sm. Ina. p. 203. (1862.) 
Erinnwia Caicua. Grote, Notea Cub. 6pti. Proc. E. 8. Phil. Vol. 5, p. V. 
ffaiitai.— Tropical Insular District! 

107. •U«. 
Spkinx Ella, Linn., Mus. Lnd. DIrie. p. 351. (1764.) 
Svhitix Ella, Linn., Syat. Nat. p. 800. (1767.) 
Spkinx EllB, Drury, Eiot Vol. 1, p. 68, pi. 27, fig. 3. (1T70.) 
&>hinx Elh, Pabneius, Byst. Ent. p. 538. "■'■"■ ' 

fMtix Elh, FabriciuB, Sp. lua. Vol. 2, p. 113. (IT8I.) 
Kinx Ello, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 4, p. 24, pi. 301, fig. D. 
*.«« Ello, Fabricius, Mant. Ine. Vol. 2, p. 91. (1787.) 

Ello, Fabricius, EnL Syst. Vol. 3, p. 362. (1783.) 
Erinnyi* Elh. Hilbner, Vera. Bchm. p. 13B. (lalB.) 
Sphinx Ello, Westw. Drury, Vol. 1, p. 54, pi. 27, fig. 3. (1837.) 
&ikinx Silo. Harris, Cat. N. A. 8ph. Sill. Jour. Vol. 30, p. 2B7 (17), (183,'.) 
Anceryx Elh. Wvlker, C, B, M, Lep. part 8, p. 224. (1856.) 
Dib/phonata Ello, Burmeiater, Sph, Braz. p. 13. (1856.) 

Anceryx Ello. Clemens, Bvn, N, A, Sph, Jour. A. H. 8. Phil. p. 175. (1859.) 
Ancayx Ella, Morris. Syn. N. A. Lep. Sm, Ins. p. 200, (1862.) 
AneeTyi Elh. H-8, Corr, Blatt, p. 50 (23), (18B5,) 

Erinnyia Ello. Grote, Kotes Cub. Sph, Proc. E, B. Phil. Vol. 5, p. 73 [41). 
S^oiilat.— Atlantic, TropicallQBular and Continental Districts! 

^ihinx Alope, Fabricius, Mant Ina, Vol. 2, p. B4. (1787.) 

thita Alope, Fabricius, Ent. Svst. Vol. 3. p. 362. (1793.) 
-innyts Alope. HUbner, Verz. &chm. p. 130. (1818.) 
Jifttni Atape. Westw. Drury, Vol. 1, p. 52, pi. 27. fig. 1. (1837.) 
neeryx Alope. Wallier, C, B, M. Lep. part n, p, 224. (1856.) 
Dilophanola Alope, BurmeiBter. Sph. Braz, p. 13. (1856.) 
Anceryx Alope. Clem., Syn, N. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. 8. PhiL p. 177. (185D.) 
Anceryx Alope. Morris. Syn. N. A. Lep. Sin. Ins. p. 202. (1862.) 
ATKoyx Alope, H-S.. Corr. Blatt. p. fiu (24]. (1865.) 

Erinnyit Alope, Grote, Notes Cub, Sph. Proc. E. B. Phil. Vol. 5, p. 75 («). 
fliftitot— Tropical Insular District! 



Erirmyia Utriana, Orote, Kotet Cab. Bph. Proa. E. S. Phil. Vol. 6, p. lb (M), 
pi. I, fig. 1. (ISflS.) 
Sabiiat. — Tropickl InBular and CoDtineiitsI DiatrioUI 

110. CMOtrai. 

SpAtnx (EnoiTTU, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 4, p. 22, pi. SOI, fig. C. (1^81.) 
Srimtyia (Envtrus, Hdbfiar, Vera. Bchm. p. 139. (1316.) 
Aneeryx ^noinu. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. part 8, p. HI. (ISU.) 
IHlophonota CEnolnu, Barmeiiter, Bph. Brox. p. U. (ISSfl.) 
ATiceryx (Enotrui, Clem., Byn. S. A. Bph. Jour. A. N. S. Phil. p. ITT. (ISS9.) 
Aneeryx (Enotrut, Morris, B;n. N. A. Lep. Bm. Ins. p. lOS. (lB6i.) 
Erxnnyis (Enatrua, Qrote, Notes Cub. 8ph. Proo. E. 8. Phil. p. TB («), pi. S, 
Bg. 3. (IMS.) 
^Mlal. — Tropical Inialar Diitrlcl I 

111. mcUnekoUoa. 

EHimuit melancholica, l3rote, Notes Cab. Bph. Proo. E. S. Phil. Vol. 6, p. TT 
(«), pi. 2, fig.i,(tnB<!9.) (laeif) 
Aiiii'at.—TrapiDal Insnlar District I 

113. paUida. 

Erinmit pallida, Orote, Not«i Cab. Sph. Proo E. B. Phil. Vol. S, p. T8 (M), 
pi. I, flg. «. (IMS.) 
Aofritet— Tropioal Ininlar DlsUicl! 

114. Ahimua. 

SpAinz obteura, Fabrioius, SjiL Ent. Fleas, et. Lips. p. 538. (ITIS.) 

fbAinz abscvra, FabriciuB, Bp. Ine. Vol. 2, p. 142. (1T81.) 

ftiiiM oiKura, Fabricias, Haot. Ins, Vol. 2, p. B4. (1T8T.) 

Aifttna obncura, Fabrioiua, Ent. Syst. Vol, 3, p. 381. (1783.) 

Erinm/ia Stheno, Hilbner, Samm. Eiot. Schrn. Vol. 2, Lep. 2, Bph. 3, Leg. 4, 

Mand. A, Lev. 2. {1800—1824.) 
Anetryx obaixra, Walker, C. R M. Lep, port 8, p. 220. (185II.) 
Anceryx otseura, Clem., Syn. N. A. Bph. Joar. A. N. 8. Phil. p. ITfl. (1868.) 
A-nctryx obtcura, Morris, Byn. N. A, Lep. Sm. Ins. p. 301. (1882.) 
Erinnyit obncvra, Grote, Notes Cub. 8p. Pr. E. S. Phil, Vol. 5, p. 78 (48). (18IIS.) 
floWtat— " West Indies," {Fabricios); "Mexico," (Walker) i "Texas," (Cle- 

115. ^ttttluii. 

Aneeryx guitularia, Vle-t^^i 
Ancayx guttularia, Cletn,, E 

Anceiyx gutiularit, Morris, Byo. N, A. Lep. Sm. Ids. p, 202. (1882.) 
Arueryx ffutlularU, U-B., Corr. BlatL p. 8U (24). (1885.) 
Srinnyis 5u«u(a™, Grote, Notes Cub, Sph. Proc, E. 8. Phil. VoL 6, p. Til (47). 
Sabiiat. — Tropical Insular Diatriotl 

CAmETHU, Qrote. 

116. nootniformlt, 

(Enoianda noetviformii, Walker, C, B. M, Lep. part B, p. 232. (18M.) 
(Bnoaontto noctu^formit.CUra., 8yn. N. A, 8p. Jour. A. N. B, Phil. p. 187. (l8Sfl.) 
(Enosanda noctaiformiii, Morris, Syn, N, A, Lep. Stn. Ina. p, 214. (1862.) 
(Eauaanda noctu\formU, Grote, Notes Cub. Sph. Proo. E. S. Phil. Vol, i, p. TV 

(47,) (1865.) 
OniUUiia noctuif<ntitU, Orole, Ann. Lye. Nat. HisL N. T. (1866.) 
Sabiiat — Tropical Insular District! 


1865.] 189 

AXinOirOTTS, SolidnTftl. 
117. Inddni. 

ATCiOTiotua Uiddm, SoiBd.,ADn. Boc. Ent. Ft. lidme. Ber. t. IB, p. SID. (1861.) 
AreUmatuB ivcidvi. Walker, C. B. M. part S, p. 2fl6. (ISSfl.) 
ArcUmoiaa bKidxa, Clem., Byn. K. A. Sph. Jour. A. N. B. Phil. p. IBS (18S9.) 
Arcionotut lucidua, Harris, Syn. N. A. Lep. Bm. Ini. p. JIT. (IBBI.) 
Sabitat. — " Csliforaia." (BoJBiluTal.) 


In ft " SyQopBia of North American Sphingtdse," • Dr. Brackenridge 
Clemens hftg elaborately defined the etructural features which limit the 
Family and Mr. Grote, in his " Notes on Cuban SphingidaB," f has 
regarded it in the sense in which it ie here intended. 

The genua Sphinx of Linnieus, which comprised series of species 
united by the most generai and superficial character, baa been reBolved 
into Families by Latreille and other Naturalists, a course which has 
received the sanction of continued affirmation, the result of determinate 
studies of the present Order of Insecta. 

The tendency in the Lepidoptera, by an ultimate variahility of form 
— which latter is an essential feature in family character — to afford so- 
called connecting links, which are in reality but Aualagous Types, has 
induced Naturalists often to erect incoherent groups, emhraoing distinct 
Families, or to adopt Family names for small groups of genera, held 
hither by peculiar ai^i therefore varying and unequal affinities, thus 
affording no scope for a conception of the Natural Plan of the Order. 
Latreille, in his " Consideration a G^n^ralea," J when arranging his Family 
" Sphingidffi," inaugurates it with Cattnia, which latter genus later 
study has removed to the Zygssnidse, || but leaves it improved by the 
elimination oCthe^^geriidfe (Sesiidte), a course which aeema so proper 
aa to create surprise, that the latter Family should have been again 
associated with the Sphingidee, by subsequent Naturalists. 

Zoologists are agreed, that the distribution of species over the aurfaee 
of the earth is uuequal, and, that areas of unequal value can ho defined 
within any one Continent or Ocean, that shall contain peculiar speciea, 
which separate them into distinct Faunce. § The widest geographical 

•Art. V, Journal Apademj Natural Soiencee, Phi!,, pp. B7— 190. (18SB.) 
tProeeedings Eutoraologioal Society, Phil., Vol. V, pp. 33—81. (IBflS.) 
]:CoQ a i deration! G^n^ralea eur I'ordre naturel deg Animaui contpossot lea 
Claeaea des Crustac^s, dee .Irachnides, et dea Iiuecteg; a,vea UQ Tableau M^tho- 
dique de leura Qenrea, diapoaia en Famillee, Par P. A. IfttreillB. Paria, 1810. 
|{ Packard, Notea on the Family Zygnoidie, Proc. Eaaex lnatitut«. (18«1.) 
{Agaaali, Eas. on ClaasiAcation, pp. 13— AS, Lond. Ed., (ISfiS); and Uethoda of 
Study in Nat. Hist, pp. OS, 100, Boat. Ed. (1863.) 



extent of these FaiiDie, limited \>y pbyeical conditioos, exhibits the 
distributioD of the most ezteosive types, within which, teseer areas are 
defined, by the range of more limited and characteristic forms. Were 
onr knowledge sufficiently ample and methodized, it is evident that we 
should discard political designations in giving the habitat of species, 
and, in oontributing to the knowledge of any one Zoolo<;icBl Order or 
Family, we should seek to fix its specific distribution with a reference 
to these different areas, aided by the delineation of Faunal Maps. 

In an admirable contribution to Entomological knowledge, "The 
Coleoptera of Kanzaa and Eastern New Mexico," by Dr. John L. Le- 
Conte, published bj the Smithsonian Institntion in 1859, such a Fau- 
nal Map ia prepared, illustrating the Entomological Provinces of North 
Amenca. Dr. LeConte divides the whole region of the United States 
into three or four " great Zoological districts, distinguished each by 
nnmerous peculiar genera and species" of Coleopterous Insects. We 
refer to this work for the elucidation of this division, and content our- 
Belves here with merely enumerating the different districts, adopting 
the designations which Dr. LeConle has proposed, and remarking, that, 
so for as we are aware, the species of Lepidopierons Insects are distri- 
buted, generally speaking, over wider geographical areas than Coleop- 
terous luBecIs, perhaps owing to the greater development of the organs 
of flight, at the expense, somewhat, of those of terrestrial progression. 

The Atlantic District extends " from the AClantic Ocean to the arid 
prairies on the west of Iowa, Missouri and Arkansas." 

The Central District extends "from the western limit of the eHstem 
(atlantic") district, perhaps to the mass of the Sierra Nevada of Califor- 
nia, including Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona and 
Texas. Except Arizona, the Entomological feuna of the portion of 
this district west of the Rocky Mountains, and, in fact, that of the 
mountain region proper, is entirely unknown ; and it is very probable 
that the region does, in reality, constitute two districts bounded by the 
Rooky Mounta,ins and southern continuation thereof." 

The Western District "is the maritime slope of the Continent to the 
Pacific, and thus includes California, Oregon and Washington Territo- 

We indicate in addition a Tropical Insular District, embracing the 
West India Islands, and which comprehends, in all probability, the 
southern extremity of the Floridian Peninsula nd the Florida Keys. 
Also a second district, comprehending Mexico, Honduras, Belize and 
Yucatan, including, as indicated by Dr. LeConte, a narrow strip near 


1865.] 171 

the Beacoast of Texas id its nortbeastera Provinoe. Thia maybe called 
the Tropical Continental Diatrict. 

Tbe sjnoaom J adopted in tbe present paper is the result of peisoual 
investigation, almost without ezoeption, of all the works cited. Where 
this has not been possible, the citation is included in quotation marks. 
Where the species is autoptioally known to ns, or, in a few instances, 
fVom venr reliable information, the habitat is followed with a not« of 

We have found Mr. Walker's notice of this Family the most useful 
and thorough, though we have occasion to differ in certfua instanoefl 
from the conclusions of that indefatigable Entomologist. Br. Clemens' 
" Synopsis" has also afforded us acceptable information as to the text; 
the sjnonomy is, however, a literal and verbatim transcription iVom the 
British Museum Lists in by far the greater majority of cases. Where 
an improvemoQC has been attempted, as in uniting Philampelus lyratm 
and P. satellitia, it seems to have been usually at tbe expense of cor- 

LaplsMU flkTObseUta. 

Mr. Walker describes this species for the first time, in the British 
Museum Lists, quoting Dr. Barnston's MSS. as anthbrity for the ge- 
neric and specific names adopted. Dr. Clemens has omitted this refer- 
ence to Dr. Barnston, giving Mr. Walker as the authority for the spe- 
cific name, while copying tbe description from the British Museum 
Lists, bein^ autopticallyunacquainted with the species. Mr. G-rote, in 
his introduction to his " Notes on Cuban Sphingidse," erects the present 
genua for it, comparing its structure with tbe typical European species 
of Se.'ia. We consider its present poeition at tbe bead of the Tribe, 
authorized by tbe peculiarities of its structnre, and are unwilling to in- 
tormpt the continuity of the following genera by tbe interpolation of 
tbls genus, which is so intimately allied to Setia. The peculiarly neat 
and elegant little species of which this genu3 is composed, has not been 
very clearly described by Mr. Walker, and we give here its more detailed 
description as follows : Black. Above, tbe thorax and bead are clothed 
with pale yellowisfa^ericeous, erect hair, mingled with blackish soales. 
Laterally, the palpi and tbe orbits of the eyes are deep black. Abdo- 
men bkck, with sericeous hairs above on the basal segment. Anal 
tuft black, with lateral sericeous sub-tufls. . The anterior wings are 
blackish with obsolete ornamentation ; a rather broad, semi-diaphanous, 
sub-terminal bund, composed of sparse and whitish scales, extends 
evenly and obliquely from costa to internal margin ; the terminal por- 



tion of the ving is leas thtokly oorered with scales, acquiring a paler 
tiDge than the baaal portion. Posterior wings black, with a broad, cen- 
tral, bright fhlTOua fasoia, whioh contracts, triangularly, towards ioter- 
nal margin, before anal angle beeoming somewhat linear and sinosto. 
Beneath, the anterior wings at base are largely covered with bright 
fnlrooB sqounmation ; the central fascia on posterior wings is whitish. 
Legs and under thoracic and abdominal regions, black. Exp. % 1.60 
inch. Length of body .80 inch. 

The oolor and pecnliar Sesia-like sericcons sqnammation of this 
pretty species, are very snggestive of the hymeaopterous genoa Bom- 
bus, notwithstanding the opacity of the wings. 
BBBIA. Fab. emend, nob. 

The generic term Seiui Fab. Is used in a comprehensive and vagae 
sense at first by its discoverer, as an improTement upon Linnaeus' genus 
Sphinx. In the Entomologica Systematica, p. 379, 17!I3, it is thus 
defined: "Pu/_pi duo refleii. iin^ua exserta, truncata. Anfennmcy- 
lindricte." Pabricius there includes under it first, certain species ot 
Spbingidm whioh are comprised in the present Tribe Macrogfontini ; 
then the species of the Family jEgeriidse (Sesiidse). Through the 
observations of different Entomologists the term has at length been re- 
stricted by Mr. Walker, in 1856, to the species with more or less vitre- 
ous wings; that Entomologist neing it in a synonymical sense to the 
genoB Cephtmodeg Hiibner, a genus of which Sftia Bylat Fab. is the 
type, and to which latter speoies, from autoptical examination, we are 
satisfied it may with propriety be confined. In studying the Ameri- 
can species grouped under Sena by Mr. Walker, we have become sat- 
isfied that distinct genera have to he eliminated, and that the Eu- 
ropean S. facifurmU and S. bombyli/ormii, and the American S. 
rfij^nif, offer distinctive features from S. thythe Fab. and allies, and that 
to the former the generic term proposed by Fabrioi us should be restricted. 
Ab thus understood, the genus Sfaia offers the following structural cha- 
racters : The head is globose, free from the thorax ; the palpi, which 
are loosely haired, extend as far, but not beyond the steep clypeuB. 
The antennae are somewhat suddenly swelled towards their outward 
extremity, and are much constricted at base. The prothoracio parts 
are square iu front, but moderately advanced before the insertion of 
the primaries. The wings are small; anterior pair slightly depressed 
at the apices, rounded along external margin, which is not very oblique. 
The abdomen is wider than the thorax, stout and plump, ending rather 
squarely, terminal segments not sloping down to the apex. The plump 


1865.] 173 

corporal parts are covered witli long, downy, erect Bquammation, which 
is generally of a yellowish -sericeous color, with a greeaish shade above 
on the thoraeic parts. The prebusal abdominal segments are clothed 
with black, rigid hair ; the anal segments show a slight falvous shade 
on the thick sericeous squammation above. The wings are largely 
vitreous, with narrow borders. The under aurface shares the charac- 
teristic, downyeqnammation. The legs are finely scaled, slender, with 
two nearly equal spurs at the base of the middle tibite. The species 
form two groups. The first comprises S. f«cifiy)'mis and S. diffinU, in 
which the borders of the wings are very narrow and the dtscal cell is 
free and naked. The second comprises S. bombyliformi*, in which the 
wider borders are dark dull reddish-brown ; the discal cell traversed 
longitudinally by an almost imperceptible linear thickening of the tegu- 
ment, covered by distinct scales, which latter appear as tf covering a 
longitudinal vein. 

HSMOBRHAQIA. nov. gen. 
When we compare S^siu ihyabe Fab., and allied speoiea with the 
species of Sfstti, as above restricl«d, we meet but the character of the 
vitreous wings, though that itself somewhat modified, to authorize their 
congenerical association. The head, in S ihyshf Fab. and allies, is much 
flattened above ; the closely scaled palpi extending beyond the sloping 
olypeus. Antennae long and stout, gradually narrowing to base. The 
epicraoium is broad behind. The prothoracic parts are well produced 
before the insertion of the primaries, and elope in front toward the 
eaputal base. The wings are large and acuminate ; in the typical spe- 
cies the apex is much produced, the external margin very oblique and 
quite uneven, not rounded. The hind wings are large and broad, be- 
ing well developed posteriorly. The abdomen is long and rather stout, 
anal segments slightly and gradually contracting. The squammation 
is very distinctive and nai geuen'e. The corporal parts are clothed with 
even, rather sparse, appressed hairs, which lie closely to the surface. 
The coloration is rich claret brown ; the head, thoracic parts and basal 
abdominal segments, above, are of different shades of green. The wings ■ 
are broadly margined and are more or less intensely reddish-brown; 
the tegument at internal margin aod unal angle of posterior wings is 
much eicaggerated and thickly covered with scales. The under surface 
of the body is covered with short appressed squummatioL, whitish on 
the under surfuce of palpi, thoracic region and legs, the latter with two 
very unequal spurs at the base of middle tibi£G. The species are evi- 
dently allied U) Aellopon Hiibner, and form an intermediate position 

jvGoot^ Ic 

174 [N. 

preparing ua for that genus. The discal cell U retrea^ng, nervnlee 
longer than in Seeia. Like Setta, this parallel geans affords two 
Groups. The first contains M. gracilig, nob. which approaches the 
opposed Group of Sesia, in appearance. In this species the discal cell 
is free and uncrossed bj any longitudinal fold or scales. The head 
approaches Segia in structure, while the characters in their entirety 
induce us to refer it as a Group of the present genus, with which its 
sqnammation agrees. The second Oronp contains S. ihgihe Fab., S. 
fuickaudis Walk, and probably S. ruficaudU Kirby, non Walker, and 
is the more typical Group of the genus and upon which the above 
diagnosis is generally based. The palpi exceed the clypeus greatly 
and are converging at the tips. The discal vein is longitudinally 
crossed by a line of scales, though a thickening of the discal mem- 
brane beneath is not appreciable. 

HtMBOTThagia graoilis, nov. sp. (PI. 3, fige. 1 Jb 2%.) 

Form somewhat small and slight. Head and thorax above, clothed 
with olive green appressed hair ; basal segments similarly colored. 
Palpi, black at the tips, whitish beneath. Orbits of the eyes white, in 
front of these, a few whitish scales. Laterally the under thoracic parte 
are clothed with long white hair, estendiog from behind the eyes to 
base of secondaries. Wings, vitreous ; anterior pair largely dark ted 
at base, the scales encroaching on the discal cell from the base. Discal 
cell free. Kxternal margin with a moderately broad, dark red, even, 
hand, which is brighter stained apically, narrowing to internal angle. 
Internal margin clothed with dark red scales. Posterior wings dark 
red, puler on internal margin and above anal angle. Centrally, these 
are vitreous, the diaphanous space crossed hy Jtae nervules. Abdomen, 
except basal segments, dark red ) third basal segment fringed anteri- 
orly with pale hairs; fourth, dorsully with a few similar colored ap- 
pressed hairs; fifth and sixth with a lew pale lateral hairs. Anal tuft 
black laterally, centrally pale red. Under surface pale red ; abdomen 
pale red, with a central subobsolete series of pale spots composed of a 
. few agglomerated hairs. Laterally, spots of similarly colored hair at 
the base of the segments; posteriorly thesegmento show a narrow edg- 
ing of black hairs. The sides of the abdomen show sub-tufts fringed 
above with pale yellowish, similarly colored hair, to Chat forming the 
lateral and central series of abdominal spots Aiial tult concolorous 
with ubdonien beneath; extremities of anal hairs, black. Anterior 
lemora clothed with thick white hair; similar hair also covers the un- 
der thoracic part centrally. Anterior tibiee pale red, as are also the 


1865.] 175 

middle and posterior legs, both femora and tibiae. MazilltB well devel* 
oped. Posterior wings beneath, with a pale yellowiali patch at anal 
angle. Exp. % , 1.75 inch. Length of body .S5 inch. 

fl((6i"(at.— Canada West (Saunders). " New Yort State " (Walker). 

The marginal band on the anterior wings is not dentate between the 
veins as in S. thyahe Fab,, from which the present is amply distinct by 
its smaller size, differently colored legs and free discal cell, while we 
have above diacnssci its structural position a^ forming a Group in the 
present genus. 

This species is evidently the S. mficaudis of Mr. Walker, judging 
by the description in the British Mnsenm Lists. It can in no event 
be regarded as a variety of •S'. thygbe, while we call the attention of 
Lepidopterists to the formation of the inner margin of the outer band 
on the anterior wings as affording speeifio character, in separating the 
species of this genus. In 3. ikytbe it is very dentate inwardly ou the 

HvmoTThagla mUeandU, Eirby, sp. aoa alior. 

The description of this species given by Kirby, reads as follows : — 
" Body yellow- oh ve, underneath pale yellow. Antennse"black; prima- 
ries reddish -brown, hyaline in the disk, with the hyaline part half di- 
vided towards the base, with a costal bar, covered with yellow olive 
hairs at the base; underneath the costa, the posterior Diargio and the 
nervurea are dark ferruginous; there is also a yellow stripe on the in- 
ner side of the base ; secondaries hyaline in the disk ; base externally 
and costa yellow; internally the base ia ferruginous; underneath the 
dark part of the wing is ferruginous, and the base pale-yellow : two 
first segments of the body yellow-olive, two next black, the rest ferru- 
ginous with pale yellow lateral spots. This species appears te be the 
American representative of Si-niii fucifni'mis which it greatly resembles, 
but differs in the cclor of the tail and the base of the secondaries." 

Were we satisfied as to the species Kirby intended by S. fucifor- 
mig, the present species might he regarded as related to S. diffinin 
Boisd. sp. As it is, we think that a species of Hmmorrhagia is meant, ' 
while the species has not been since identified. Kirby's description 
presents too many points of difference with H. (/racilii, to allow us 
to refer that species as intended, while Mr. Walker evidently describes 
our species as intended by Kirby. Dr. Clemens is autoptieally ae- 
quainled with neither species while, properly keeping Mr. Walker's and 
Kirby's descriptions apart. In dismissing the present genua from con- 
sideration, we remark that the Asiatic S. i-aifiaim Walk., may belong 


176 [November 

to ffmmorrhagia ; S. ffylaf Fab., as we have already renuurked, and 
probably also S. Ouitnvnghatni Boisd. sp., should be referred to Cepho- 
node* Htibner. 

A mutilated epeoimea from the most northern parte of Gaoada West 
ia before as, whtoh evidently furms a distiact species from H. thytbe. 
In this species, which ia altogether slenderer than its congener, the 
inner margin of the terminal band on anterior wioga is nowhere den- 
ticulate in the interspaces, but is medially, somewhat inwardly, pro- 
duced. We arp not indisposed to regard this aa Kirby'a species, but 
the inferior condition of the specimen prevents all conclusions. The 
discal cell ia crossed by a longitudinal scale line, the species belonging 
to the more typical group of the Genus Hmmorrkagia. 

ind Dr. Clemens have confounded the present spe- 
cies and Aellopog tilan together, we do not cit« these Authors in the 
synonymy of either species. We do not find that Authors, since Lin- 
nteus and Fsbricius wrote, have identified Sphinx Teton Linn., a name 
to which Mr. Walker refers as a synonym to Macrogloaaa Tantalta 
Walk. Linnteua' descriptive phrase reads as follows, while the absence 
of any reference to the superior abdominal white band prevents our 
considering the probability of Cramer's S. titun being intended : " Ision. 
26. S. abdomine barbate: lateribus punetis utrinque4 niveis. M. L. 
U. Hitbitat in calidis regionibus." Syst. Nat. p. 803. Fabrieius in 
his " Entomologia Systematica" refers S. Ixion as a synonym to S. 
tantalux, citing Cramer's figure, Plate 68, fig. F, and doubtless without 
autoptical knowledge of the species which now appears to be lost. 
Auphion UMini. 

Hiibner, in erecting this genus in his " Yerzelchniss," associates with 
it, apparently erroneoasly, Cramer's .S^. Brenuw), Plate 398 (:Jy6), fig. 
B.(D), referred to the genus ChxrtKiimpn by Mr. Walker. The Ame- 
rican species is evidently regarded as the more typical of the genua by 
Hubner, who enumerates it first. A. nrxn'is is genericallj distinct from 
Thi/reun ablmtii, and it seems proper to retain HUboer's generic name 
for the apei;ies. 
Hsmeroplonei piendothyrsiu. 

This species resembles S. oii-lvs Cramer, from Surinam, in the dis- 
posiciuQ of the prothoracic markings ; otherwise it is very distinct from 
both Cramer's figure and description, 'i he latter reads as follows : — 
" Ce Sphinx a sur le heuu dessein de chaque ailc sup^rieure, trois pe- 
lites tuches d'uu lustre argeute, dont I'une est plac^ vers les jointures, 


1865.] 17t 

et len deux autrea sur le milieu, vers le bord exterienr. En-dessous le 
corps est d'uD rouge bruo clair. Sur Tabdomen quatre poiots blaDCe. 
Lee ailea inffirieures ver» le corps sont btaaches ; le reete aveo lea ailes 
8up£rieureB sont bandea traasTersalea dentel^s brun&tree. La trotiipe 
est longue." 
Perigonia reititnta. 

To the kindness of Mr. J. W. Weidemeyer we are indebted for in- 
formation about this &1SS. species, of whiob Mr. S. Calverley bae 
sbowD US a figure made under the superintendence of Mr. Walker. 
It is an elougate species with rather narrow wings, and belongs to the 
typical group of the genus which contains P. Ivsca, P. slulla, and P. 
le/ebcrv. The posterior wings are much produced at anal angle, which 
is shaded with yellow scales. The median yellow demi-band, which is 
characteristic of the genus, extends from the costa, where it is broadest, 
to about the ceutre of the wing, where it terminates with a rounded 
inward inflection. It is from Mexico. P. ml/hamata and P. glauces- 
cen», present structural difierences compared with the species cited 
above, and which are more typical of the genus; the figures which we 
have seen of these latter two of Mr. Walker's species, suggest that these 
might be separated generically from Perignnia. 
PrMerpinni ganrn. 

It is very probable that (he spteies described by Dr. Clemens under 
this name from Texas, is not the same as the one intended by Abtxtt 
& Smith, since the Texan species is stated by Dr. Clemens to disagree 
with Abbot's figure in the conformation of the external margin of an- 
terior wings, and, from the description, it would seem to differ also 
slightly in coloration. 

EIFFBQSESFnnTS, nov, gen. 

Wings entire : anterior pair large, rounded superiorly along external 
margin, much excavated before the exserted tnternul angle; internal 
margin straight. Secondaries reduced, subtriangulate, hardly excavate 
before anal angle; external margin slightly rounded. _ Antennae, stout, 
flesuous and long. Head, rather small; prothoracic parts but slightly 
advanced before the insertion of the primaries Abdomen, slender, well 
exceeding the secondaries, furnished with regular series of long hair- 
tufts on the terminal segments above, and ktemlly the anal segment 
with u spreading terminal tuft. 

We erect this genus for a small California species of the present 
Family, which, while allied to Pro»erpinua, differs by the small, reduced 
secondaries, longer antennae and tufted abdomen. We are indebted to 



Mr. J. W. Weidemeyer for the information reepectiog this singular 
little species, which, we helieve, has not been hitherto described, white 
an excellent figure, shown ua by Mr. 8. Calverley, enables us to present 
the present description and to fix the species. It appears that Dr. 
Boisduval haa etiquetted a specimen in hia cabinet as Pronerpiniu 
Bnproiarpinai Fluwton. 

Site small; anterior wings of a bluish shade, costa at base tiD<;ed 
with testaceous. A blackish, regularly Innulate transverse line, angu- 
lated below costs, rnns inwardly obliijuely from costa to internal mar- 
gin at basal third. Between this line and the baae of the wing are two 
blackish parallel marka below costa. A few blackish scales on the 
discal cross-vein. Median space even in width fVom internal margin 
until above the angulation of the first transverse line, when it widens 
to costa. Subterminal space pale brownish-testaceons, defined inwardly 
by a distinct blackish transverse line, and similar to the front, exca- 
vate between the nervules and slightly arcuate before costa. An in- 
terior narrow line, furcate below costa; subterminal space margined 
outwardly by a very distinct, blatHiisb, shade hand which is slightly 
sinuate and not excavate. Terminal space dull bluish, con col or oua with 
median. Posterior wings whitish, shaded with brownish- testaceous at 
base, and with an even, distinct, broad, black subterminal band, which 
leaves a very narrow whitish terminal border and does not attain anal 

Tegulse, lined within with darker lines; corporale parts darker but 
concolorons with primaries; above, the abdomen shows some darker 
shades; anterior tufto, of which the first extends across the abdomen 
above, paler; those on anal and pre-anal segments, blackish. Exp. 1.50 
inch. Length of body .65 inch. 


The species arranged under this genus may be resolved into three 
groups. The first contains C gundliichii H-S. and V. imrratu Grote, 
in which species the anterior wings are not at ail falcate ; the external 
margin is rounded and the ornamentation is modified, since a straight, 
narrow, subterminal, darker shade line is drawn across the wings. The 
second group contains apparently 6'. nec/ius, 6'. thalaisina, 0. porciis 
and 0. nitidula. These are rather stout, heavy species, having the 
external margin sinuate ; the coloration is green and brown, with dif- 
fuse spots and bands. The third group contains apparently 6' priwiie, 
C. vertulu, C. lersa, C rvbiasonii and C. /a/co. These are slender 


1865.] 179 

species, having the aoterior wings more or less falcate, and crossed by 
fine, striate, pale lioea, which are quite characteristic. This latter 
group is well represented in Asia and Africa, te judge froio authors, 
where the species sometimes acquire argent metallic lines and tinges. 
Ab to G drancai Cramer, sp., quoted by Mr. Walker as occurring in 
the West Indies, Cramer gives the habitat plainly as " Indes Orien- 
tales," Cram. Exot. Yol. 2, p. 56. This habitat is erroneonsly trans- 
lated by Mr. Walker, who has not identified the species. Dr. Clemens 
copies Mr.Walker'serroneonBhabitat,evideotly without having referred 
to Cramer's work. The different genera in this Tribe are remarkable 
in having green and brown species, while Mr. Grote has remarked that 
certein larva belonging to this same Tribe show indifferently these two 
" cosmical tints" at maturity. In the genus Otu», O. ckarUu» is brown, 
the rest more or less green. In Chstrocampa, C. irrorata Orote, and 
generally speaking the species of the third group, are brown or brown- 
ish. In Philampelus, P. arhemon and P. typhon assume a brownish 
hue, etc. 
Osllsphila intennBdia, K'lrbj. 

Tihis species, which is not yet identified, may be the same as D. eka- 
mmnerii Harris, but for the present it is best to keep it distinct, since 
Kirby's insufficient diagnosis could hardly entitle it to teke precedence 
of Dr. Harris' species, though anterior in point of publication. The 
description in the Fauna Am. Bor. roads as follows : " This species ia 
intermediate between D. Euphorbia and D. pain, which last it most 
resembles, but the anterior portion of the megal stripe of the primary 
wings is pale rose color ; the fringes of their inner margin, and of the 
posterior of the secondaries is white; there is no series of white dote 
on the back of the abdomen, and the ventral segmente are fringed at 
the apex with white hairs. This description was taken from an old 
specimen, apparently somewhat fuded." 
DsiltpliUa Uneata. 

Fabricius, in his late works, himself regarded our species as identical 
with the European D. licormca. We refer to Mr. Grote's recent paper 
for remarks on the synonymy of this species, as well aa on D. cJiamte- 

Fhtlampclai vitii and FhilaiiLpalni IdnnaL 

Linnteus is the first to describe a species of Sphinx under the spe- 
cific name of vitit. His diagnosis reads as follows; "S. alls cineris 
fusco variis: posticis maigine interiore sanguineis." He refers te M. 
Merian's figure, T. 47, fig. 1, Ins. Snrin., and adds : " Alse inferiores 


180 [November 

macala nigra in diaco, et fascia nigra postice." The Plate of M. Me- 
riao's referred to, represeats two distinct speciee. The lover figure 
on the Plate eeema to ns to represent Philatnpel'u* lycnon Orote. The 
upper, and the one probably intended by Linaseus, while neither figure 
is numbered, repreients the speoiea which we inteod here as P. vitit. 
The figure is gross, and in the uncolored copies might be readily mis- 
taken for a second species which we describe here as Philampelttx 
Liunei, which has been figured by Cramer ou Plate 268, figure E, a 
figure which has been confounded with that on Plate'i67,fig.C,by Mr.' 
Walker and Dr. Olemens. M. Merian evidently mistook the two spe- 
cies which she figures, for sexes of one and the snme species. We 
quote: "een schoner Uil TOortquani, gruen en rood met ligte leverwige 
streepsen, haar smuit en hornjea waren gout geel, die Mannetjes waren 
schoonder als die Wyfljes." The upper figure has the pink terminal 
band, which is characteristic of Philamprlut ciii*, nob, and this feature 
is decisive as to the species intended. Drury, in 1770, is the first En- 
tomologist after Liunieus to figure and describe Linnaeus' S/ihinj: vitis. 
His figure, which is very satisfactory, represents the slighter species 
with the terminal pink band, and this figure is mistakenly quoted with 
Cramer's Plate 267, fig. C, and Abbot & Smith's Plate 40, by Mr. 
Walker and Dc. Clemens, in the synonymy of the species figured by 
Cramer on Plate 268, fig. E, and which these authors deb^rmine as 
Sphinx vitis Linn. In 1776 the authors of the Wiener Veraeichnias 
figure Sphinx ut'tiV Linn, on the two colored Frontispieces to their work. 
The figures agree with Drury's. In the same year Suleer figures the 
same species as Sphinx fmi-iatut Sulzer, a name which is therefore a 
simple synonym of Sphinx vitis Linn., while, without having seen the 
work, Mr. Grole has hastily supposed that Sulzer's figure represented 
the second species, misled by the incorrect synonymy of Mr. Walker 
and Dr. Clemens. Cramer neit, in 1782, figures the 5. vitin of Lin- 
naeus correctly on Plate 267, while mistakeolj figuring on Plate 268, 
and for the first and only time, the second speeiea — Phi/umpfluM Lin- 
net, nob — as the female of S. vitis. Cramer criticiEes, on another page 
of his work, the course of Sulier in re-describing Linnaeus' S. vilii 
under the new name of S. fatciatiis. In 1797, Abbot k Smith figure 
Sphinx vitis. Their excellent figure represents the same species given 
by Drury, the W. V. and Cramer (Plate 267). Both Mr. Walker and 
Dr. Clemens quote the figure of Abbot & Smith's in the synonymy of 
their P. vitii, which, as already stated, is not that of Merian, Linn., 
Drury, " W. V.," nor of Abbot & Smith. Dr. Clemens adds to the 


1865.] 181 

oonfnaion by deeoribing the larva from Abbot & Smith, which of ne- 
oesgity belongs to the figured imago, aB that of P. vUia Clem., whil« 
tbie larva in reality beloDgs to the species described as FhdlampeUt 
jusm'eum, Clemens. In 1806 — 1824 Hiibner twice %uree Sphinx viti$ 
uader the specific name of Jmsieum, a name drawn apparently from 
the food plant represented by Abbot. UUbner's figures are, as usnal, 
excellent, but not better than Dmiy's and Abbot & Smith's represen- 
tations of this species. This name of Hilbner'a mnst therefore be added 
to the synonymy of Sphinx vitia Linn., as stated by Air. Grote. In 
1839 Dr. Harris describes the Sphinx mti» nob, erecting for it wid 
allied speoies, the genus Philampelua. It is very evident that Dr. 
Hairis' description belongs here, though again tnisquot«d by Mr. Walker 
and Sr. Clemens. Dr. Harris describee a species nnder tbe specifio 
name of Hombeckiana, from specimenB received from St. Thomas, W. 
I., which is perhaps the species dasoribed by us as P. Linnet, while we 
note the disparities which prevent our acceptance of Br. Harris' spe- 
oific name lor our species. In 1856 Mr. Walker retains the name of 
P. jiuiieum for the species figured by Merian, Drury, " W. V.," Cra- 
mer (Plate :i67). Abbot & Smith, and described by Linneens as Sphinx 
vilis, and by Dr. Harris in 1839 aa Philampelvt vitif. Under "P. 
oUi»" Mr. Walker describes the species figured by Cramer on Plate 
268, and which we describe as Philampelui Linnei, since it appears 
that it is undeacribed until now, having been uniformly mistaken, for 
some reason or other, for the Sphinx vitit of Linnsens and the earlier 
ftnthors. In 1859 Dr. Clemens adopts Mr. Walker's synonymy, while 
deecribing the larva of Sphinx vitit Abbot k Smith, under the species 
which is evidently Philnmpelas Linnei nob., as already stated, in ad- 
dition remarking, that '' this species (i. e. P. juniieute, Clem. ^ S. vitit 
Linn, = Philampelu» vilii Harris) approaches S. viti» (i. e. Sphinx 
vitit Cram., Plate 268 nan alior sa Phiiampelne Linnei nobis) bo nearly 
in ornamentation that I am disposed to regard it as a variety," a view 
which Mr. Grote has already contradictfed, and which we regard as 
quite erroncooB in any sense. 

PUlampeliu vitii. Barrie. 

^hinx vitit, LinnnuB. 

Wings narrower and more acute. Anterior wings with the estcrnal 
margin straight, not rounded. An inwardly slightly arcuated, even, 
oblique, fuscous fascia runs from the costa before the spez to about the 
centre of the inner margin, joining, beyond the disc, at the middle of 
the wing a similar broad, longitudinal fascia, which emanates from the 



base of the wing. Groaad color of tbe wing daaly olivaceonB; coeta 
uid terminal eptice obBcure brownish. Nemilea indefinitely marked 
with fnsooDa scales. The obliqne fascia aends off a branoh before costa 
to the apex, and ontwardlj, before internal margin, is divided narrowly 
by olivaceons aoales which cause an outward parallel line to appear. 
A discal spot, enclosed by fuscone scales above the central fascia. A 
narrow, transverse, fuscous line intersects the olivaceons space on in- 
ternal mar^n, running straightly from the central parallel fascia to in- 
ternal margin and forming the inner defining line of the V-shaped 
patch on internal margin which is characteristic of the genus. 

Posterior wings dull pale greenish inwardly. Along the external 
margin, from costal angle to medio-poet«nor nervule, is a broad termi- 
nal pink baud, within which a broad black fascia, interrupted by green- 
ish scales on the nerrnles, and t«rminat!ng below tnedio-posterior ner- 
vnle, in two narrow lines, outside of which latter is a brownish square 
space above anal angle. Internal margin and anal angle, largely pink ; 
two large black spots below the disc, merely separated by a few pink 
scales ; a few white scales within the terminal black lines above a^bX 

FhiUmpeliLt Linul, nob. (Plate 3, Eg. S, $ .) 
Sphinx Viti», Cramer, Plate 108, &g. £. 

Wings broader and more rounded. Anterior wings with the exter- 
nal mai^in undulate and rounded. An irregular broad fuscous fascia, 
lined inwardly with whitish scales, runs from costa, before apex, to in- 
ternal margin, enclosing an irregular, coincident, darter, outward line 
of scales, and sending off a more yellowish broad branch, before costa, 
to apes. First, second and third inferior median nervulea marked with 
fuscous and whitish scales. A broad, darker, parallel, fuscous fascia 
runs from the base of the wing to tbe first, which it nearly attains 
beyond the disc, but is separated by a few olivaceous scales. Uroand 
color of the wing, dark intense olivaceous. Costa and terminal space, 
obscure brownish. Two olivaceons discal dots, enclosed by fuscous 
scales above the central fascia. A geminate, fuscous, irregular, trans- 
verse band runs from costa to iulernal margin, angulate above the cen- 
tral fascia, and forming, on internal margin, tbe inner defining limit to 
the olivaceous V-sbaped patch which ia characteristic of the genus. 

Posterior wings light green; a large rose-colored space on anal angle 
and along interniil margin ; a large rectangular black spot within; two 
narrow median lines, tbe inner — black, most distinct, and joining the 
large black spot at tbe enter inferior angle, the outer — faint, glaucous, 


1865.] 183 

contiguous to eabterminal baud, beat before anal angle ; a broad, sub- 
terminal black band, widest at oosta, natroving to anal angle, before 
vliich it is snddeoly oooatrioted; terminal space narrow, nowhere 
pinkish, obecure brownish j external mai^u more rounded than in P. 

As regards Phiiampehu ffombeckiana, we are indebted to Dr. 
Packard and Mr. Sanborn for the information diat a thorough search 
into Dr. Harris' collection, kindly nndertaken at our request, has failed 
to detect any specimen resembliDg Dr. Harris' description of this spe- 
cies, or 80 labelled. While Dr. Harrb' description would seem to imply 
that P. Linnei nob. ia int«nded, the dcBoription of the anterior wings 
does not correspond, while that of the posterior wings must be incom- 
plete, if it is to be taken literally. The description of the corporal parts 
quite nearly correapood with our specimens of P. Linnet, but these 
have great coiacidence in the present genus. Warned by the disco- 
very of P. glrenuiM, that there probably exist more species belongiog 
to this genua than at present known, we conclude that perhaps Dr. 
Harris' species may be re-discovered at some future day, while this has 
been an incentive to us to endeavor to fix the limits of P. viti* since 
that species has been so often mistaken by authors, aa will be seen by 
the digest of our synonymy, that we knowof nooasein this Family where 
the opinions are so conflicting and the matter of referenoes so intricate. 
We trust that we have shed some light on a subject, which, adopting 
the synonymy of Mr, Walker and Dr. Clemens, is simply incomprehen- 
sible, and could hardly lead any Entomologist into ought but error. 
All the descriptions and figures we quote in the synonymy of these 
species have been critically examined, and, since in this case the ac- 
knowledged insufficiency of the earlier Latin diagnosis is strengthened 
by a figure, which, however gross, bears a distinctive coloring which 
appears to us to afibrd a strong specific character, we can come to no 
other conclusions than those we have here presented, independent of 
the concurrent testimony of so many of the earlier authorities on Ame- 
rican Lepidoptera. 

PUlampeloi Ijoaon. (FUte 3, fig. 4, $.) 

We refer to Mr. Orote's paper for remarks on this species as well as 
on P. sateUitia. Although Cramer's figure of S. lieaon wants the anal 
roseate patch, still this is vaguely indicated in tbe description, which 
is short, and reads as follows: " Ce Sphinx Untier tr^ rare (Sphinx 
Legitima) est eu-dessous de coulenr minime et vers les pointes des 
lules inf^rieures de couleur rousse." There is, perhaps, a third speciea 


184 [November 

to be eliminated, jadgiDg Prom what Mr, Walker remarlca, and, in case 
this should prove to be Cramer's lieaon, the present will receive the 
name of PkHampe/tu pottieahu Grote. Hiibner's figure, as remarlced 
by Dr. Herrioh-Sohseffer, ia rather dark, but this seema to be a general 
feature of all the figures of Sphingidee given in the " 8amm. Exot. 
6eh.," while the course of the linea and the roseate anal patch leave no 
donbt that this ia the apeoiea intended. Both Mr. Walker and Prof. 
BnrmeiBterwronglytefer Dr. Harris' /*. n)t<!//if /a to the present apecieo. 
The former has, in addition, given a citation of a species nnder the 
name of P. ainpelop'kaga Harris, which (vide Clemena) does not ap- 
pear to exist, 
pjiilampelni Aohaman. 

The habitat of Cramer's 8. Cranlor ia, we believe, erroneously given 
aa " lodea Orientalea." The figure adequately corresponds to our spe- 
dea, which had been previonsly figured and described by Dmry nnder 
the epecific name we have here adopted. 

Paolirlia flon*. 

LiuDieus' description reada as follows; "S. alia fusco-Debuloeia : pos- 
ticis angulo ani albia. Alse superiorea in media puncto fuaco ; maoula 
pallida ad apicem anticum ; inferiores aupra fasclis 2 fuscia." He refers 
to Blerian'a Pate No. 33. On this Plate M. Merisn represents both 
the present species and its larva and also P. inornata Clemens, imago 
and larva, while the description separates two apeciea to which different 
dates are given for the escape of the iniagos from the pupae. Linnteus' 
description conclusively refers to the larger species with banded secoa- 
daries, which ia represented by M. Merian with wings extended. The 
second species, P. inornata Clemens, is represented poised on a branch- 
let, the primaries partly covering the secondaries, which latter are 
plainly nearly unicolorous and dark; the triangulate, costal, median, 
paler pateh, and the totality of the characters, leave no douht aa te the 
species represented by this figure. The larvae are represented as very 
distinct in ornamentation. We do not give, purposely, any references 
to M. Merian'a work, or to those of authors anterior to Linnaeus. In 
the works of theae early Entomolc^sts proper scientifio nomenclature 
is not given, and, if we study them too critically, we can only lose a 
veneration which Is evolved from the eonaideration of the early times 
in which the authors wrote, without reference to their ideas, which 
are too often erroneous, or to their figures, which are very generally 
defective. We see no propriety, then, in adopting the course of M. 
M^n^tri^, in the matter of the synonymy of these two species, while 


1865.] 186 

we agree with that emiDeDt Eatomologiet that the two speoies are quite 
distinct. Prof. Burmeister confounda the two as sexes of one species, 
odoptiDg Cramer's error. Mr. Grote's doubtful citation of Weetwood's 
Bd. Drurj is iocorrect, and, so far as we are aware, the name of Orameri 
is fiist proposed by M^^tri^, whose remarks we cite : " Cramer a figuri 
Fl. 894, D, le Ficw mftle, et il y rapporte oomme la femelle la figure 
246, E, Cest a tort je crois qu'oo a adopts son opiuiou ; I'Academie 
possMe lea deux sexes de chacun de oea papillons, qui m'ont paru oon- 
stituer deuz espeoes diff£rentea. Ainsi pour nous, la figure de Cr. 394, 
D, repr^sente le veritable Fieia Cr., tandia qne la figure 246, E, ap- 
parlient a uoe autre esp^e que nous avons nomm^ 6Vameri." 

Smerintlrai geminatai. 

The synonymy of this species, as given by Mr. Walker and Dr. Cle- 
mens, seems U> as quite erroneoos. We find no description of this 
species as " Sphinx geminala" by Say, who, bo far as we are aware, 
does not mention the species except in the first volume of the " Am^ 
ricau Entomology." Smerinfhua jamaicennn Drury sp. seems to ns, 
judging from Drury's figure and desoriptiou, quite distinct froio the 
northern species from the Atlantic District, while we have satisfied 
ourselves that S. eeritii Kirby is also distinct from its near ally — ;>S^. 
Bmnintlin* pavonlnu. 

A hitherto unidentified, and, since Geyer wrote, unnoticed species of 
SmertHthug, which the author mentions having received from Pennsyl- 
vania. It seems allied to S. exccecatits, while Geyer compares it with 
the European S. ocetlaiia; compared with the former, Geyer's figures 
ofier too many points of distinctiveness to allow us to consider it as the 
species intended, 
flmeriBbiu modeatni. 

The genua Poli/ptychia was erected by Buhner in his "Yerzeich- 
niss," for those species of Smerintkvs which may be shortly oharacter- 
iied as possessing unocellated and differently shaped secondaries. 
As it stands, it contains dissonant materiid and cannot be accepted. 
Since we are dispH)sed, generally, to regard the species first cited under 
Hiibner's genera, as typically intended, we find in the present instance, 
that the Asiatic Sphinx dentatiu Cramer, offers structural features 
which seem to authorize its generic separation from Smfrinthm Latr. 
as typically intended, (with which latter, Paimitu Htibner is syno- 
nymous) and that to this species, Hiibner's genus may be restricted. 
Od comparing S. modentut Harris with the European S. populi, wa 


186 [November 

fiDd that the speeiea are somewhat nearlyallied, while onr species offers 
differenced in the strnotare of the antennte and in the ehape of the se- 
oondariea, especially in the strnoture of their costal margin. The form 
of the palpi and position of the bead, very nearly correspond in the 
two speoies. We express the opinion that dissectional study will oblige 
the separation of SjTieriTtthiu modeslvs from the typical species first cited 
in our Catalogue, while for the present we leave it in the genua in 
which it was placed by Dr. Harris. 

GBXBSOHU, nor. gen. 
A genus hitherto confounded with Smerinthm and Pott/ph/chvs, by 
authors; the single North American speoies distingaished by the fol- 
. lowing characters and without a described representative in the Old 

The antennae are rather short and blunt; in the male, doubly bi-pec- 
tinate, the pectinations stout and well developed, produced from be- 
neath the antenna! stem ; in the female, the antenna are simple. The 
small head is freer from the thorax than in Smerinlhus, and neither 
so snnken in the prothoracio parts or so depressed. The acuminate 
palpi are longer, more freely scaled, held free from and exceeding the 
"front," divergent at the tips in the male; the clypeal squummation 
forms a produced ridge. The prothorax is squarer in front ; above, the 
thoracic surface is more flattened, not roundedly elevated us in Smerin' 
thus. The anterior wings are broad and large, 
excavate, between the nervnles, along the ex- 
ternal margin in the female, even, in the male. 
k The "veiDs" are slight, the nervules more bent 
downwards and curvilinear than in Smermihru. 

Anterior wing of P Orta- , 1,1 i mi . 

aania, natural size, intoraat angle lesci exserted. The' posterior 
wings are full and rounded, not " out away " before the 
anal angle on external margin — the latter emarginate ic 
both sexes — differing prominently from Smerinthus in 
their general shape, being more rounded and not pro- 
duced apically; the costal vein is basally divaricate, "^tonor wmg of 
the nervules long, curvilinear and divergent. The ab- tural sise. 

^-js=^ domen is slender and elongate, and affords distinctive 
tj ^'Cyrj — I T characters compared with that part in Smerinthui. In 
^^\^^S^ the male it is very long and slender, the anal segment 
PoBteriorwiDgofP'''''''^^'i '^^^ * terminal and lateral Bub-tufta, giving a 
Smennthut, (ge- tri-partite appearance to the terminal segment, which is 
ral size. chacact«ristjc. This genus differs importantly from S~ 


1865.] 18T 

jvopWt of Europe, which Dr. Clemens has, we consider wrongly, reg&rded 
as itB "representative." The structure of the caputal parts in their en- 
tirety, in particulsT that of the palpi, offers distinctive features, and 
the position of the head and the characters drawn from the secondaries 
are ttti-generu. C. juglandia is much slighter than S- popvli, and ita 
slender, elongate, corporal parta, contribute to give it an unusually 
strong Bombjcid appearance, reminding one of Apatelode* and I'arO' 
ikyri». The species wants the bright colored scale-patch at tiie base 
of the secondaries, characteristic of S. popuh. The ornamentation aud 
coloration are peculiar; the parallel, oblique, transverse lines are even, 
not excavate or lunulate as in S. popvli. 

Dr. Clemens remarks, concerning the larva, that it is " graniilat«d 
on transverse wrinkles, tapers anteriorly, the thoracic rings being 
slender. The head is pyramidal and granulated, the vertex elevated 
above the dorsum and bifid ; candal horn densely apined. The posi- 
tion of the larva at rest is not sphinx-like; it is extended along the 
midrib of a leaf, and when disturbed, throws it« bead from side to side, 
making a crepitating noise." And of the pupa, that it "is rough, with 
the terminal segments of abdomen flattened." 

A study of the species compriBing this Tribe has satisfied ns, that 
its affinities are better served by according it a central position in the 
fomily, the Bombycid characters of the species detracting nothing from 
their Sphingid qualities. Ambu^x, in the preceding Tribe, has mneh 
affinity, in both larval and imaginal states, with Smerinthue, and the 
Smerinthid genus Colax, Hilbner, shows very plainly affinities with the 
Chxrocampini. A study of the figures of foreign Smerinthim, has 
confirmed this reference. 

We name this hitherto undetected North American Sphingid genus 
after Ezra T. Cressoa, of Philadelphia, whose sterling merit as an En- 
tomologist we acknowledge, aud for whose kindness as a iVteud, we 
have reasons to be grateful. 

■aaroiils qiiinqn«mB«iLl>ta. 

We have been unable to find any notice of this species by Haworth, 
in any of the works of that author which have been accessible to ns. 
Mr. E. T. Cresson has likewise kindly assisted us in the research, and 
with the same result. The first notice of the species under this name, 
that we find, is by Stephens, in 1828, who calls the species " Sphinx 
quinquemacnlatus Haw.," giving no reference or authority for the cita- 
tion; hence the name maybe mereiya JfiSS. one of Ha*ortb. In the 
latter view of the case, the name under which HUbner figures It in the 



" StunmluDg Exot. ScliiD.," will be retained and the epeoies be Icdowd 
•a Maokobila celbub. We note Dr. Fitch's remarke ia his Ninth 
Report, p. 212, where the date, 1802, is given for Hsworth'a descrip- 
tion of this species, but no citation is given of anj work to authenticate 
this reference. The oritioal remarks, intended to show that Dr. Harris 
eommitted an error in hia " Catalogue of North American Sphingea," 
in describing the present species as S. Carolina, are destitute of value, 
when we consider the brevity of Dr. HariKs' deaoription, the fact that 
both species occur io Massachusetts, and that they are properly sepa- 
rated in the "Insects Injurious to Vegetation." 
DUUDIA, HOT. gen. 

The genera Goci/tiut, PhlrgetkonHu* and Agriva, erected by Hlibner 
in his " VerzeichDiss," appear to us untenable, for the reason that they 
contain dissonant uaterial, while the species are quite confuaedlj 
arranged, showing that Htbner was very probably autnptically unao- 
quainted with the species to a greater or leea extent. We erect the 
present genus for certain robust American Sphingidso which seem pro- 
perly associated with neither Macrn»ila or Sphinx, and have been 
already superflcially characterized by Mr. Grote as cinereous, roughly 
haired species of " Sphinx." The type is Sphinx Brontes Drury, 
(H-9., Grote) while other species will probably be found to be properly 
referred here as Sphinx le.w.ophmata Clem., and S. j'temineariim Boisd., 
with which we are autoptically unacquainted. 

The head is large and salient; prothoraoic parts well advanced before 
the insertion of the primaries. Wings ample; esternal margin near^ 
straight, QOt rounded; internal angle produced. Posterior wings with 
the external mai^tn rather straight, excuvate before anal angle. Ab- 
domen long and stout; 1^ provided with stout spurs. The squamma- 
tion is rough and cinereous, while the posterior wings are usually more 
or less suffused with darker shades and crossed by narrow black bands. 

From MacrosHa, the species differ by the straighter external margin 
of the primaries and by the exserted internal angle, in these characters 
resembling Amphonyx, while the normal palpal conformation, with a 
number of other characters, amply separate them &om Prof. Poey's 
genus. We do not give further characters here, of a genus which we 
are satisfied should be erected, since we have insufficient material upon 
which to amplify from needed dissections. 
Dilndia broatM. 

We refer to Mr. Grote's paper for the particulars of the synonymy of 
this epecies, lately discovered in the West Indies, and which conforms, 


1865.] 189 

in OUT opiDioD, suffioieotly with Brary's Ggnre and deacriptjoo to war- 
rant the aflBumption that it is the species ioteDded. A compansoa of 
Drnrj'B description will disclose the fact, that the differences presented 
between the secondarieB in Drury's figure and our species can be recon- 
ciled; there remaio, than, but the differing habitat given b; Drarj and 
the superior size of his figure. When we remember tbe freqaent errors of 
the older authorities as to the locality of the species they illustrate, wa 
shall errif we accord too much weight to such references. Mr. Qrotehaa 
oonimented sufficiently upon the charaetors of omameDtation which 
unito the Cnbau species and Drury's figure, and we opine, that the 
name of Sphinx cubeiuit, proposed by Mr. Grote for the present spe- 
cies in ihe case that Drury's speoies were eventually more satisfactorily 
discovered, will not be available. 

BTZTUtA, DOT. gen. 

Differing from DCltulia, in the shape of the wings and proportions of 
the corporate parts, the present genus contains apparently two charae- 
teriatic species of the present Family, which have hitherto been referred 
by authors to Hi/loicut and Sphinx. The autennee are very long and 
masnve. and are oharactoriatic. The head is large, as are the eyes, but 
not so salient as in DHudia and Macro»ila; the prothorax is rather 
square in front, moderately advanced before the insertion of the prima- 
ries. These latter are much rounded along esternal mar^n ; apices 
depressed. The posterior tibiee are strongly spurred. The species 
composing this genus are charactericed by their yellowish-cinereous 
sqoammation, which readily distinguishes them ttam the species of 

Onr material is too scanty to allow us to eliminate the directional 
characters of this Southern genus, which, as intended here, will be rea- 
dily recognized. The species are Sphinx Pamphiliut Cramer, Fl. 394, 
fig. E, from Surinam, and Sphinx afflirta Groto, from Cuba. We ^ve 
a figure of this latter species, already described by Mr. Gr^to in his 
paper on the Cuban Sphtn^die, and which will be found to differ suffi- 
ciently from Oramer's representation of S. pamphiliut, as to render the 
Bupposition of their distinctiveness a tenable one. 

3B of Mr. J. W. Weidemeyer for the 
information that Mr. Walker writes thus concerning Daremma u«du- 
h*a, Walk. C. B. M. " This species is a mistake ; it has been newly 
identified as a dwarfed and slightly aberrant specimen of Sphinx 
Brontes." Since we regard the "Mucrosiia Brontes f" Walker as 



based OD specimenH of Dr. Clemens' Ceratomia repentiniit, which is in 
our opinion stmctnrally distinct from Ceratomia qundricornu Harris, 
we are led to propose thst Mr. Walker's genos be retained for this 
species, which dtffere from the allied genera here cited, in the rednced 
caputal aod prothoracic parts, characters which altj it to Ceratomia Har- 
ris, and which, perhaps, occasioned Dr. Clemens' refeTcnce. Since.uoder 
the circumstances, it would hardly be possible to satisfactorily identiiy 
this species from Mr. Walker's description of it as Dareitima undulota, 
we have retained the trivial name proposed by Dr. Clemens, though 
posterior in poiot of time. We have adopted the views of Mr. Grote on 
the synonymy of this species, which has been strangely confused hitherto 
by authors with Drurj's Sphittx hrontet. 
OBritomia aiajjMt. 

We do Dot comprehend Br. Clemens' citation of Hllbner, as authority 
for Ceratomia quadricoraia Harris, unless it is a confusion arlsiag from 
the initial letter placed by Dr. Harris after his new species, in the 
" Catalogue of N. Am. Sphinges" and elsewhere. To oar knowledge 
Hiiboer never desciibed the present species, but it is acceptably figured 
as Agrius Amyotor by Hilbner in the " Sammlung, Ezot. Schm." 
Hubner could hardly have given this species a trivial name drawn from 
larval characters, since these could scarcely be known to htm. He re. 
garded the species as belonging to the genus Agriut, erected in IS16 
in the " Verzei chaise." Since this cannot be accepted, the term Cera- 
tomia, proposed by Harris in 1839, must be retained for the geous, 
which is represented by a single species of common occurrence in the 
Atlantic District, and for which, following the lawof priority, we must 
retain the specific name under which Httbner has figured it. 
Sphinx shanl*. 

A similar error has been made by both Mr. Walker and Dr. Clemens 
in the synonymy of this species, described as S. cinerea hy Dr. Harris, 
as in the case of Guratomia qwidrteornU Harris, above stated. Hilb- 
ner 's figure is quite recognizable, and executed with the accustomed 
felicity which characterizes the illustrations in the " Sammlung Exot. 
Schmmetl-erlioge." Hllbner refers the species to his genus Lethia, 
erected in the " Verzeichniss," and which term may yet be used for 
the species here included under Sphinx, should Linnsens' generic term 
be used in a different sense from that in which later authorities re- 
gard it. 


The species here included under thisgeneric term, we are led to consider 


1865.] 191 

as congenerical with Sphinx piaattri Lino, of Europe, a species which 
is typical of Hiibner's genas Bjfhicug, erected in the " Verzeiofaniss." 
Mr. Walker has included these species ander Anceryx Boisd.^ which, 
we consider, contains two distinct genera ; for the first we retain the 
present term, while the second has been nlready separated under the 
generic term Ertnnyig bj Hiibner in 1816, and adopted by Mr. Qrote 
in hia paper already cited. Dilophonota Burmeistcr, is a simple syno- 
nym of Erinnyii Hiibner, composed of the same species, and contain- 
ing consonant material, which is not the case with Anceryx Boisd., as 
adopted by Mr. Walker. Since Abbot's figure of S. coni/erarum 
Smith, does not correspond with the Northern species described as 
Ellema HarrigH by Dr. Clemens, and which latter species seems respect 
lively the Sphinx mni/erarum of Harris and Anceri/x coni/emrum of 
Mr. Walker, we keep the two names separate, leaving the matter to 
fiiture elucidation, the readier, that tbere is a doubt on our minds that 
Dr. Glemena' species is really congenerical with Hifloknt pinagtri, 
though probably but one species should be here considered. While 
Dr. Clemens describes Sphinx cmii/rrarum from Abbot's figure, he 
adds: "From 8. H. Scudder, Canada, near Buffalo, N. ¥.'' This 
refereuce would seem to indicate that the species had been identified, 
which we presume, however, is not the case. 

BrianjU EUo. 

In a " Catalogue des Insectes recueillis a la Guyane Francaise — par 
M. A. Fauyel, Mcmbre de la Soci^t^ Entomobgique de France, etc — 
five species of Sphingidse are enumerated, chiefly remarkable for tho 
extraordinary synonymy retained by the author. Among them is a 
" DeUephUa Helio Boisd,," which is probably to be understood as re- 
ferring to the present species. 

In concluding these Notes, we would commend the descriptions of 
the larvae of certain species of North American Sphingidse, given by 
Mr. Lintner in the pages of the Proceediugs, expressing the hope that 
these will be continued until the larvse of all the accessible species 
shall have been described. This will greatly assist in defining the 
limits of groups and geaera, many of which are as yet imperfectly pre- 

In the present "Catalogue" we have endeavored to make the syno- 
nymy as exhaustive as was possible, aided by the good offices of Mr. 
Stephen Calverley and Mr. E. T. Cresson. The genera we have re- 
tained appear to us to contain consonant material, while we have indi- 

go oyGoOt^lc 


eated in cert&in instHDOes, via: Pirigonia and Cheerocampa, the exist- 
ence of groups and gpeoies, which eeem to make orltioal dissectionsl 
stndiea and oompariBons neeeesacy to deeide whether these do not, id 
ftot, efibrd distinct generic types. Since Mr. Walker compiled the 
Bynonymy of the North American SphingidCB in 1856, do work hu 
appeared to our knowledge, on either aide of the Atlantic, whioh hu 
entered into the synonymy to any original extent, and while we tmat 
that in the present Paper we have improred upon the ardnooa labors 
of the English Eotomol<^ist, there nndoabtedly remain certsia poiots 
to be elucidated and, perhaps, some citations to be added. Thesererer 
study of the mouograpbiat will fiod in the North American repreeen- 
tatires of this interesting Family, a printable and, as yet, an nnhar- 
rested field. 

The following species we regard as doabtM, for the Beveral reasons 
appended to the citetionB: 

" Xacnglataa TTietia, Boiid., Ann. Soo. EnL Fr. tf«m. Ber." 

This citation, given by Dr. Clemens withoat fortber reference to the 
Species, is all that we know, of what is probably a Galifomian species, 
hitherto nadeacribed. It is improbable that it belongs to the gcnos 
Maerogloita, since, properly speaking, this has not hitherto occurred 
in North America. Bearing in mind the T^^e sense in which thu 
generic term baa been used by Dr. Boisdnval, it is profitless to hasard 
any conjecture in this respect, 

•'Sphiia Japix, Cramor, £xot ToL 1, p. 13T, pi. 6T, fig. C." 

Thb species has not been d^covered since Cramer wrote. The local- 
ity gtTea by Cramer of New York, is probably incorrect, nolese the 
. groaa figure disguises one of onr familiar species. 

-Perigoniauttdata, Walker, C. B. M. Lop. PL 8, p. 103." 

This species Is ereoted upon a fragmentary specimen (abdomen and 
hind wings wsndag) in the British Museum, reoeivcd from Jamuca, 

"Deil^ikita oxybaphi, Cletnens, 1. o. p. 1*S." 

This species is described from a larva feeding upon the exotic plant 
" Ox^baphm nyciagenew." Under the circamstancea it aeems impro- 
per to include the name in the present Catalogue, since the species oaD- 
not be said to be fairly established. 

"Sphinx ckiTMi, Drurj, £zoL Tol. 1, p. M, pi. ifl.fig. 3." 

The specimeoB described us " Ch^Tocumpa rkirtm," by Mr. Walker 
in the C. B. M., seem to belong to the species figured very acceptably 
by Cramer under the specific name of Nechui, and to which latter ^ure, 
Cuban specimens, examined by us, accurately correspond. Dmr3r's 
figure difi'ers in the color of the body and in the shape and coloration of 


18«&.] 193 

the primaries, bo that it seems better to retain Cramer's name for the 
Bpeoiea, waiting for l&i^r material, which might develop a variation 
oorrespondiDg with Drury'a figure and description. 

" Charocamjia Oudaasina, CtemeDB, 1. a. p. laD." 

The habitat of this apeoiee is unknown. 

" Qurroeampa dranaa, Clemens, 1. c p. IM." 

Sphinx drajicai Cramer, as before remarked, is stated by the origi- 
nal illoBtrator of the species, to be from the " ladee Orientales." The 
Bpeoiea does not seem to have been re-discovered since Cramer wrote, 
oertainly not irom the West Indies. 
"FaiAylia Igfneia, Clemena, 1. e. p. 1G9." 

This species is probably distinct from P.ficm, and, in this event, 
§hoald retain the name proposed by Dr. Clemens, who anppoaed the 
specimen described to b« the male of Linnnns' species. 

"Sphiia; teyrOH, Cruner, Vol. t, p. S3, fig. SOI," 

The specimens determined as Anceri/x Scyrcm, by Mr. Walker in the 
British Museum, probably belong to E. rimona Grot«. Cramer's figure 
is t«o defective to hazard oaght bnt conjecture as to the apeoies in- 

"ilyiineKa ZIjnuEM, Hnlmer, Zutr., 3(es. Hnnd., p. 19, flgi. Ul, Ul.'' 

This species, cited by Mr. Walker as a doubtful synonym to "Ance- 
ryxplebeia," and by Dr. Clemens to "Dolba Hylttut" is from Bahia 
(Brazil) and, judging fh>m the as usual excellent figures of EUbner, 
represents a totally distinct species, hitherto undiscovered within the 
ge(^;raphioal limits considered in the present "Catalogue." 


For "Chterocampa," wherever we have used it ounelvee, read "Chc»- 

Page 160, line :il, for "Am. Soc. Ent. Fr. t. 8. Sleme Ser. 32," read 
"Ann- Soc. Gnt. Pr. t 3, Sieme ser. Bull. p. ZxxiL (1865.)" 



with Nouirki an th« Uftlt^ at Oslorfttioii In IumU. 


Patana Ministba, Drurj. (Lepidoptera.) 
MeBsra. Grote & RobinsoD {Pror,. &e. IV. p. 491) seem to be of opi- 
nion, that the black larva fouod on the hickory may produce n different 
Bpecica of Dalana from the yellow-necked and striped larva found on 
the oak, the apple, tus. The objection to this hypothesis is, that a larva 
intermediate between these two tbrms, vii: with the longitudinal stripes 
but without the yellow neck, occurs, as I have already stated, (Pmc. 
&o. III. p. 403) both on the hickory and on the oak. Mr. Lintner 
indeed tells me, that from the blaek larva found on the hickory he 
reared what he coDsiders as the D. contractu of Walker; but from this 
same black larva I myself reared the normal form of mmiitra, (ibid.') 
and also other forma which approximate in some of their charactera- 
towards fontracta Walker and towards pergpicua Gr. Rob. In foot I 
have little doubt that both these last so-called species are mere varieties 
of minigtra, based upon estreme speoimens. For the distinctive cha- 
racters, which are assigned to each of them, are not found exclusively 
in one set of specimens bred from one kind of larva, hut occur promis- 
cuously, with all the iutermediale grades, sometimes in one set of spe- 
cimens, sometimes in another, as I shall now proceed to show. 

According to Walker as quoted by Morris {Syiifip. p. 247) Datina 
contracta differs chiefly from D. miniitra, 1st, in having narrower front 
wings; 2nd, in the brown wing-bands being edged csternally with 
whitish-tawny; 3rd, in the second wing-band being nearer the first on 
the hind border of the wing. As to the Jirsi distinctive charaoEer, I 
have before me, o Fitch's ^ure ofmtniiitrit, (If. Y. Rep.l. PI. iv. 3,) 
b Harris's figure of minietra, {Zfij. Inn. PI. vi. 6,) c 1 % and dl $ bred 
by myself from the normal yellow-necked larva found on the oek, e and 
/2 Sandy and A 2$ bred from the black larva found on the hickory, 
and tone captured 9 - On the most careful measurements of all these, 
I find that, making the extreme breadth of the front wing iOO, its pro- 
portional length is in a 191, in i 192, in c 195, in b 200, in g 202, in h 
208, in e 211, in / 212, and in d 213. Evidently, therefore, thia cha- 
racter is too variable, and connected by too many intermediate gradea, 
to be of specific value. As to the tec/nd distinctive character, it is ab- 
sent in a, b and h, faint in c, moderate in e and obvioos in d, /, ij and i. 


1865.] 195 

Here again, therefore, there are bio many intermediate grades to make 
the character worth anything. As to the third diatinctive character, 
making the length of the wing 100 in each of the above, the propor- 
tional distance of the first wing-band ^m the second wing-band on the 
hind border of the wing, from centre to centre, is in d, t and ^ 0, in e 
7, in 1 and A 9, in / 10, in 6 15, and in a 16. In other words this 
character is proportionally three times as strong io some speoimene as 
in others, with intermediate grades irom one to another. Id pertpicua 
Gr. Rob. this proportional distance is eqnal to nothing, the first wing- 
band being confluent behind with the second. Yet, although this seems 
the most remarkable of the abnormal characters concentrated In per- 
tpicua, it is not ennmerated by Orote & Robinson among the distinctive 
charaoters of that so-called species. It may he added here, that Walker 
gives it as a character of minitlra, but not of contractu, that " the space 
between the first and second wing-band is a little darker than the wing 
elsewhere," whereas Fitch calls this form variety e of mxnittra, and in 
fact this character is absent in a, b and h, very faint in c and e, mode- 
rate in (/ and g, and ubvions in i and /; and is said likewbe to occur 
in contpwva Or. Rob. Here again, therefore, it is impossible to draw 
a definite line anywhere. Moreover Walker gives it as a seznal oh^ 
racter of the % miautra that it has one disoal brown spot, and of the 
9 that it has Ueo discal brown spots in the front wing. Whereas it is 
proved by the specimens now before me, that the presence or absence 
of one or both discal spots is not a sexual character at all. Evidently 
this author has described, not the species, but the individual, and must 
have worked on a very limited number of specimens. 

According to Messrs. Orote & Robinson D. coTivpicua "may be 
quickly distinguished from the hitherto described species of the genus, 
\»t by its more yellow color, 2W by the narrow anterior wings, Zrd by 
the trunaverse lines not bordered with paler shades, Ath by the pro- 
duced apices [of the front wings], bih by the obsolete irrorations [of 
the front wings], 6(A by the wider terminal space and the more crowded 
transverse lines." {Proc. &«. IV". p. 490.) To take up these charao- 
ters in order, \>t in a colored impression of Mr. Orote's fignre of per- 
spicaa, obligingly furnished to me by that gentleman himself, the color 
of the front wing is only a shade or two yellower than in c and g, and 
Fitch correctly states that in miniUra " the fore wings vary from pale 
buff yellow to russet and auburn brown." {N. Y. Rfp. I. p. 239.) 
2nd. Taking Mr. Orote's figure oi perspicaa as correct, and making the 
extreme breadth of its front wing 100, its proportional length is only 


196 [Noyrhubk 

208, or oonBiderably let* io proporttoo, iustexl of mtteh more, tlian it is 
in e,/kDd d, (See above ander the firat diatiDotive character of con- 
tracta.') Zrd. See above nnder the eecood diBtiootire character at eon- 
tracta. 4th. In the %are of pertpicua the apes gf the right front 
wing IB Bcarcelj produced at all, and that of the left front ving bnt very 
Blightly. In h they are prodoced fdlly aa mnch ae in the above figure, 
and in t the right wing m produced a great deal more, with a deep ex- 
eavation behind the apex, and the left wing not at all, with no excaw 
tioD whatever behind it. bth. In d the irrorations are obsolete, and 
anbobsolotfl in c. Gth. Making the length of the front wing 100, tfa« 
proportional distance from the middle of the terminal fringe t» the 
middle of the subterminal wing-band, from centre to centre, ia in ^ 15, 
in 1 IT, in a and b 1», in e 19, in c, d and f 20, and in A 22. In eon- 
tyicva, aocordiag to Mr. Grote's own ^;ure, it is only 21, or Um, in- 
stead of much more, than it ib in k. Consequently all the above dis- 
tiuclive characters are ooonected by intermediate grades, and therefore 
worthless. Neither is it true, as is stated in the desoriptjdn oi prrwpi- 
eaa, that miwUtra differs from pertpicua in the brown color of the an- 
terior port of the thorax always " extending unicoloronsly over the pro- 
thorax." For in d and g the anterior part of the brown patch ia dis- 
tinctly femgi nous, and in /and t it is less obviously so. Indeed Flteh 
desoribea miniitra as having always " the fore part of the thorax bright 
orange lyr tawny yellow, this color being deeper or brownish towards Hb 
posterior edge." Lilie Mr. Walker, Measrs. G-rote & Robinson seem to 
have had bat a very poor supply of material to work on. 

On the whole, even in the few Bpecimons now before me, the above 
characters are so inextricably intermixed, that if contracla and pertpi- 
eua are distinct species, then every one of the seven specimens before 
me must also be a distinct species. The truth of the matter seems 
to be, that minittra ia a very variable species, and that collectors, as 
they usually do, have seized hold of a few extreme varieties and for- 
warded them to systenuttiste, who have thus been deceived into treating 
those extreme varieties as species. Dntana eontpkua is confessedly 
founded upon a single specimen, and we have but to refer to Dr. Fitch's 
Vanetta Ldntnerii and NathalU Irene, in order to perceive how dan- 
gerous it is to found new species upon solitary specimens of variable 
species. As (o the former species, Dr. Morris concedes that it is pro- 
bably a variety of Antiopa. As regards the latter, a few years ago 
NathalU lole swarmed near Rock Island ; and I took in profusion in 
oompany with each other all the inlermediaie grades between the nor- 


1865.] , 197 

mal Jb/e aad Fitch's Irene, and many otber yarietieB besides. Indeed 
Mr. Edwards, to whom I have forwarded most of the above varieties, 
expressly asserts that " Irene Fitch is simply loU with a trifling varia- 
tion." (Morris Synop. p. 351.) Just in the same way Bri Harris 
made five species ont of the very variable Orthopterons Tetrix omata 
Say, and Dr. Fit«h has made three species of tbe Homopterons genus 
Athynanu* — variabilis, fenentratut and minor — out of a single wonder- 
fully variable one, which I have found in profn«an on tbe same birch 
tree in tbe three forms quoted as species by Dr. Fitch, together with 
all the intermediate varieties, and enough others, not noticed by Dr. 
Fitch, to make a dozen species as good as bis. 

Taking all the facts into consideration, I do not think that we are 
entitled to assume that the black larva found on the Hickory is what I 
have called a Phytopbagic Species — i. e. that it has ceased to intorcross 
commonly in the imago state with tbe normal form found on otber trees 
— bnt only that it is a Phytopbagic Variety. In the course of an in* 
definitely long time, it may perhaps cease to intorcross with the normal 
form ; and then by tbe Laws of Inheritance the distinotive obaracters, 
which are now connected by intermediate grades, will cease to be so 
coDnected, and tbe Hickory form will become to all intents and pur- 
poses a true (Phytopbagic) species. We find a good exemplification 
of this stage in the process in the following species. 

Halesidota* TE88BLIM.R1S Sm. Abb. (— Antiphola Walsh) and 

H. HAaaisii Walsh (=tf:ss£LLABI8 Harris non Sm. Abb.) 


I have this year carefully compared several dozen larvae of the above 

two (Phytopbagic) species, and find that tbe mature and nearly mature 

*Aa to the orthographj of tbia genua, Mr. Qrote haa the following remarks :-.- 
"Mr. Walker, in transcribing the generic name Erinnyii from HUbner, has 
altered it to Srinnys^ar vrAatreratm Iknov not. As is the cnaa with ffaligidota 
and Amplyplena, which read Hahaidola and AmhlypUrvM in the Cat. B. U., / 
pr«um<,i( u tAe remit of a timplt irror of tmiucription." (JVoe. Ac. V. p. 79.) 
Clearly, in all these three caaes, it is do casual error of tranacription, but a rea- 
tification of IlUbner's bad Greek. Authors of course are at perfect liberty to 
coin gibberish generic names; and so far as my own private tastes are con- 
cerned, I infinitely prefer a good, sonorous, gibberish name, such as Bemhtt, 
CUuabut, Agabut, Datana, Sadata, Ac, to the general run of would-be Greek ones. 
But when a generic name ia manifestly intended to be Greek^and more espe- 
cially when a Greek derivation is printed along with it, so as to prevent us, 
which we should otherwise often do, from considering it as gibberish — moat 
e that they are at liberty to spell it correctly, and reduce it to 



individuals of eacb differ coostaDtly bjthe characters ^ven Id the fol- 
lowing Table. The v(jry yoang larvse. i. e. .15— ,20 inch long, are 
scarcely distiDguiehable, beiog each of them without any peacilis, and 
each of them having the head yellowish- white, but rather yellower Id 
the former than in the latter, and the dursai integument yellowish- white. 
with the warts brown-black as in the mature Harrisii. But so «oon as 
ever they obtain pencils, which is probably after the first moult, the 
two middle pencils on segment 3 are invariably block id teueUarit and 
invariably orange-color in Barrisii, although occasionally iu individuals, 
which are less than half grown, the other colored pencils incline more 
or leas towards white. The color of the hair is, as I formerly supposed, 
normally white in ffarrisn, but a few individuals occur with the hair of 
a dirty white like that of the normal leefJlarit. On the second seg- 
ment there is in ffarraii but a single distinct white pencil under each 
orange oue, the second white one, which is very distinct in teuellarii, 
being confounded with the long hairs overhaugiug the head. (See 
I^oc. &o. III. p. 414.) And the white pencil on segment 12 is much 
less obvious in Harri»ii than in testellarts, aud generally almost obsolete, 
being confounded with the long hairs overhanging the anus. 

(omething like s grammatical fono. Some jean ago tbe BdttorE of Silliman's 

Journal, having occasion to rectifj' the orthography at one ot Prof. Oven'B sci- 
entific leriDB, which wae manifestlj inlanded for Greek, observed that it was 
right and proper to do >o, boweTer long and uniiersally the term had been in 

Even authors who maintain, that under no oircuniBtances is it allowable to 
change a single letter in a publiehed name, unlesB that name be preoccupied, 
do not alwajB practice what the; preach. For example, Oaten Sacken, who 
•TOWS this doctrine aa the true sciantillc faith, has recently omitted the letter g 
(quercus) in the specific names of a whole host of the O/nipiikc of the Oak, pro- 
fessedly "because this addition seems perfectlj uselesB." (Proc. tc. IV. p. 314.} 
It maj' perhaps be useless, as applied to the inttci, but a« applied to the ffoU, 
which ia uBuall; deaignated by the specific name of the gall-maker, it seema 
to me to answer a very useful and desirable purpose, t. c to specify on what 
genus of plants the gall grows. Otherwise who is to distinguish between the 
CynipidouB gall " [Q.j tubicola 0. 8.," which grows on an Oak, and the Cecido- 
myidous gall "Tubicola 0. 8.," which grows on a Hickory? But be tliia as it 
may, if we have no right to change Ampl^tena, which is impure and barbar- 
ous Greek, into Ambli^Urut, which is pure Qreeb and means " obtuse -wings," 
we certainly have no right to change C^ipa j./oriieomis, which is neither pre- 
occupied nor grammatically objectionable, iota Qyaipa /orticornit. We might 
just as reasonably change such elegant specific names as aceri/olitlla (mapla- 
leafllug} and rXo\fructella (sumftch-truitling) iato/olitila aai/ructctla. 




tMHlUril, mature larra. 

H. HuTllil, mature larva. 

on wgmenta 3 &nil 3 j 
The two pencils on seg- 1 



yell owlah -white, with the 
warto and a ring round 
eachapiracla brown black. 

orange color. 

Now if, in the imagoe of Buy two insects, we fonod constant distinc- 
tive charactere one-qoarter as strong as the above, no entomologist 
would hesitate for a moment to pronounce them distinct Epecies. For 
example, Colias PhilodweQodt. is universally, and with justice, allowed 
to be distinct from C. Evrt/thetne Bdv., although the only constant 
character that separates them is, that the first has sulphur-yellow wings 
and the last orange-coloTed wings. Yet how slight is the difierence 
between sulphur-yellow and orange-color in these two species, when 
compared with the difference between the black pencils of te»»elltirit 
and the orange-colored or milk-white pencils of ffarrmi! And how can 
we consistently rely upon a single constant character to separate two 
imagoe, if we refuse to acknowledge the validity of four constant dis- 
tinctive characters to separate two larvse ? 

It is easy to say that one of these two forms is a mere " larval vari- 
ety" of the other; (see iVoc. 4c. III. p 536;) bat thosewho nseauch 
language misunderstand the very meaning of the term " variety." 
True it in that many larvee vary astonishingly; hut then in their case, 
as in eveiy ordinary variety, we find the intermediate grades also. 
While here, as regards the four distinctive characters pointed out above, 
out of scores of specimens of the mature or nearly mature larvse that I 
have examined, I have not found a single one that presented any inter- 
mediate grade whatever. 

No entomolo^t hesitates to consider two imagoe as distinct species, 
merely because the larvse are nndistingnishable. In many fJimiliea, 
indeed, e. g. C^/nipida, ApiJtt and Mutcida, very many larvas bear so 
close a resemblance to each other, that he would be a bold man who 
pretended to distinguish them. Why then refuse to consider two well 
cbaracterited larrsB, like letiellari* and Harrimi, as distinct species, 
merely because their imagos are un distinguishable ? Why lay all the 
stress upon the characters of the imago, and none at all upon those of 
the larva or pupa? This is as irrational, as if an entomologist were to 
cut off and throw away the wings and legs of every imago which he is 
studying, and persist in olasBiffing it from the consideration of its body 



alone; roach in the same way aa Conohologieta used formerly to neglect 
&ad undervalne all the Boft parts of a Mollosk, and decide on its syste- 
matic affioitieB only from the olmraotera of its shell. 

But although it ia difficult to assign any good reason for making the 
imago the sole crit«rioD of specific identity, it maybe readily nnderstood 
how the practice originated. The imago is easily preserved so as to 
retain its characters unimpaired ; the larva is preserved with difficulty, 
and frequently cannot be preserved at all without losing its shape and 
its color. The imago may be collected vicariously, and studied in the 
closet a thousand miles from its habil&t ; in order to study the larva, 
the naturalist mnst, in many casee, go forth personally into the woods 
and the fields, and cootemplale the living animal on the very spot of 
ground where, and at the very time of year when, it is to be met with. 
Hence the im^o with many eystematists has become everything, the 
larva and pupa nothing. But if it so happened that larvm were easily 
preserved in cabinets, and images with difficulty, then it is not impro- 
bable that closet-naturalists would neglect and undervalue the charac- 
ters of the imago, just as many of them now neglect and undervalue 
those of the larva. Oeoera and species would then be characterized 
almost exclusively from the consideration of the larva, just as they now 
are characterized almost exclusively from the consideration of the imago ; 
and entomologists would be no more disconcerted at finding two dis- 
tinct species undistinguishable in the imago, than they now are at find- 
ing two distinct species undistinguishable in the larva state. 

On the general principle that, whenever two insects differ by cour 
slant and well-marked characters in any of their states, whether egg, 
larva, pupa or imago, they must be apeoifieally distinct, unless they be 
the sexes or other dimorphous forms of one and the same species, the 
case of tesiellaru and Harrisii might be rested here. But there is ad- 
diljonal evidence of their specific distinctness. The former occurs upon 
a great variety of trees — oak, basswood, elm, hackberry, hickory, thorn, 
soft maple, and, according to Abbot, on beech, hornbeam, and plum — 
but never, as I have this year carefully noticed, upon sycamore, (pla- 
tanus ;} the latter occurs exclusively upon sycamore. At first sight we 
might account for these facts, upon the hypothesis that the ooloration&l 
peculiarities of Sarruu are due to its feeding upon sycamore; and that 
if a young fe»selliiris were fed upon sycamore, it would gradually, as it 
approached maturity, pass into HarrUii; in other words, that the two 
so-called species are mere Phytophagic Varieties. But esperiment de- 
monstrates the fidlaciousness of this supposition. I have this year suc- 


1866.] 201 

OMded in foroiog two oat of twenty-fieTen teittliarit to feed apoo syo- 
fun<B;e for aboat forty days, till they finally Bpnn up; yet to the v«ry 
last they retained all their own distinctive charaoterB, and showed soC 
the slightest dispoeition to assame those of the other species. Wh&t is 
very remirkable, out of forty-three Harritn that I fed this year npon 
oak, not a single one lived to spin np ; bnt so long as they remained 
alive in the breeding-cage, which was on the average about five days, 
the only approximation that they made towards UueUari* was, that their 
hurs (not their pencils) generally became of a dirtier white. 

In order to judge of the effects of food upon these two insects, I have 
this year tried the following experiments under precisely similar con- 
ditions, and with every possible precaution to guard against error. \tt. 
I fed upon oak a lot of teMellari* found upon Oak, in Breeding-cage 
No. 3. 2nd. I fed npon Oak a lot of ieuellaris found partly on Thorn, 
partly on Bssswood, and partly on Hickory, in Breeding-cage No. 4. 
8rd. I fed upon Sycamore a lot of testellarit found partly on Oak and 
partly on Basswood, in Breeding-cage No. 5. 4tA. I fed upon Oak 
two distinct lots oi ffarritii found upon Sycamore, in Breeding-cages 
Nos. 6 and 7. An accurate record was kept of the phenomena pre- 
sented hy each lot, which, for the sake of brevity and for the conveni- 
ence of comparisons, has heen reduced to the folIowiDg tabular abitraot. 
About three-fourths of the larvaa in each lot were quit« young, ranging 
from .30 to .50 inch in length, and scarcely any were admitted that 
appeared to he more than half grown. 


Number of 
ItUTB Ted. 

Pereenuge found in ATerage* noraber of 
Br«it]n(«aaB dsja when foand 

{deiid miseing spun np dwd miseing >pnii ap 




ua M.o SS.0 6.0 le.i 3».9 
8e.» is.i iT.i ss.T 

11.1 »1.6 7.4 M 6.7 MJ) 

No.SShiRedOD^toOitk 11 21 11 "'^ I >^^ I " |l ^-^ I ^''> I " 

*I give hers and elseirhere what ie, etrictly speaking, the average number. 
and not the medium number. The two things tire often confounded together, 
bnt ace quite different. Far example, if one larva dies in i 6»ja and three die 
in K dajs, tbe average number of days iB seven, but the medium number is six. 
I auspecl that certain writers, who profeus to give the average dimensions of 
inaecls, give, in reality, nothing but the medium dimenaiouB. To calculate the 
average dimensions of forty or fifty epeoimens, requires that every one of the 
forty or fifty should tie measured. To calculate tbe medium dimensions, all that 
ia necessary is to measure the smallest aud the largest. 



Hence we may conclude I«t, tliat tettellarit may, without very ma- 
teri&l iDJnry to iUt health, be shifted on to Oak from the other trees on 
which it naturally feeda; for although, of thoM that were retained on 
Oak, a mnoh lai^r percentage spun up than of those that were shifted 
on to Oak from other trees, yet a oonsidersble percentage of the former, 
and none whatever of th^ latter, died in confinement. 2nd. That Syc- 
amore is not a congenial food fot te»Kllarit ; for a considerable percent- 
age of those fed on Sycamore died in confinement, and but a small per- 
centage spun up. 3rd. That Oak is abhorrent to Harruii as a food- 
plant — It may seein strange at the Sret view, that teuellarig oan be 
compelled to feed npoo Sycamore up to the time of itB assumtng the 
pupa state, and Harritii cannot be compelled to feed for any length 
of time upon Oak ; but when we consider that In a state of nature the 
former is polypbagous and the latter monophagous, onr surpriBe will 
cease. It is not that HarrieU does not eat the oak-leaves furniabed to 
it — for the quantity of excrement on the floor of the Breeding-cage at 
each shifting and cleaning out proved that it must eat them — but that, 
having eaten them, it either perishes of disease superinduced by the 
unnatural food, or bores its way out in despair through the miltinet of 
the Cage, or devours its own brethren in detkult of its natural food- 

It will be observed from the Table that in Nos. 5, 6 and 7 the ave- 
rage numberof days when the larvsewere fiinnd missing is small, being 
only a little over fonr days; whereas in Nos. 8 and 4 it is large, being 
a little over sixteen and a half days. The reason of this difierence is, 
that in the former, as soon as the larvie were placed on the leaves, they 
commenced endeavoring to escape; whereas in the latter, they mostly 
staid contentedly on the leaves anm they were lull-grown, when many 
escaped from the Breeding- cage, probably in search of s more conve- 
nient place in which to spin up, 

On the whole — however disagreeable it may be to systema^sts to 
concede, that two perfectly distinct insects may be an distinguishable in 
the imago state, and consequently that something more is necessary, to* 
wards the definitive establishment of specific distinctions, than the mere 
oompariuon of cabinet specimens of the imago— we must, I think, in 
view of all the above facts, deoide that tetteUari* and JJdrrmi do not 
belong to the same species. If, indeed, we first lay it down as a law, 
that all forms that are undistinguishable in the imago are identical, 
then all such facts as the above will go for nothing. But to do this is 
merely begging the question and arguing in a vicious circle. We might 


1665.] S<» 

just aa reasooably firat lay it down as a law, that all ima;^ that have 
ftbdomens of the same siae, shape a.Dd color are ideatical, aad then tor- 
ture Nature to fit the Procrustean bed, which we have predetennined in 
onr own ininds that she shall lie npon, whether or nay. 

There ia a partial parallel to the case of these two HaUtidota in tha 
"alternate generations" of certain Badiata. "It is curious," we are 
told, " that while very dissimilar Jelly-fishes may arise from almost 
identical Hydroids, we have the reverse of the proposition, in the fact 
thsit Hydroids of an entirely distinct charsoter may produce similar 
Jelly-fishes." (^Seande Studiei by E. C. and A. AgasaiE, p. 13 and 
see p. 75.) Here two given lines either diverge after converging, or 
converge after diverging. But in ffalesidota the lines first converge, 
then diverge, and then converge again. For it hu^ been shown, that 
the very young larvaa of teuellarii and SarrCxu are very nearly or quite 
nndistiDguishable, that the mature larvffi differ as widely as any two 
species of the same genus can well do, and that finally the imagos be- 
come absolutely un distinguishable. 

On the supposition that teuellarii and Barritii sprang from the same 
pre-existing species, and consequently that they were primordially un- 
distingttishable in the larva state, as they still are in the imago; we 
may account for their larval differences by assuming, that the colon- 
tional peouliaritiee of the two larvse afford them a partial protection 
against birds and against ichneumon -flics and other predaceous insects, 
and were gradually assumed on the Darwinian theory of Natural Selec- 
tion. We know how many lepidopterous larvse are partially protected 
from birds &c. by simulating twigs or the bark of the tree on which 
they live ; and it is not at all impossible that the orange pencils &c. of 
Harrisn and the black pencils of teueiiarU may be mistaken by birds 
and insects for a process of the particular plants on which they feed. 
If we reject this assumption, we can only attribute the differences of 
the two larvie to what ^Darwin calls '' Divergence of Character," Huper> 
induced by breeding "in-and-in" for ages; in the same manner as ge- 
ographical varieties eome to differ in process of time from one another 
and from the original type. 

Sfhinqicaupa DI8TIOMA Walsh and Dhtocahpa BiCOLoa Harris. 

Having been fortunate enough to meet this year with three larvse 
exactly similar te that which I have described as D. hicnlur, (^Pfoc. ko. 
III. p. i'it,) I bad hoped to ecAve definitively the qoestjon of what imago 
they would produce. Being confined, however, in a cage with millinei 



ndea, they all three bored throngb the millinet and escaped; and I 
DOW lecoUect tbat the thirty or forty Dtyocampa, that I have bred id 
differentyear§, wereallbredinaci^ witbeideHof wire-gauEe; altbough, 
eingularly enough, I bred my S. dixtigma in a millinet cage, and not a 
single larva of some twenty that I bad on hand, hored its way out. 
The above question, therefore, mnst remain for the present in abey- 
ance; but I clearly ascertained that tbe hicolw larva is not the Imma- 
ture form of some other Dryocampa — ttigma or rubu-uniia for example 
— for all my three specimens retained their peculiar coiorational and 
structural characters up to the date of their disappearanoe. 

AaHoPALca bobisi^ Forst. Walsh and A. pictus Drury WaMi. 


Tbe larva of pictu» has been fully described and figured by Osten 
Saoken. (iVoc. &c. I. pp. 121-2.) That of rp&iwiie.BS I have already 
observed, has never yet been fully described. On Juno 29 I procured 
six of them, .55 — .75 inch long, from a branch of locust one and a half 
nch in diameter, which they had completely honeycombed, heartwood 
and all. They differ in the following particulars from pictim as de- 
scribed by Osten Sacken : 

l8(. They have very distinct, though small, brown-black legs, the first 
pair placed halfway from the centre of the sternum to the lateral edge, 
and upon that fleshy, traneverse fold behind the prosternum and 
separated hy a furrow from it, which is said by Erichson to occur 
in all Ceramhycidee ; tbe third pair on the metasternum in range with 
the firat; the second pair on the mesoetemum considerably inside 
of a line connecting the first and third. This latter arrangement is 
probably due to the thoracic spiracle being, as in all Cerambycidx as 
distinguished from LamUdm, located on the mesothorax and so crowd- 
ing the leg inwards. Each leg is conical, not quite .02 inch long, with 
a basal diameter of over .01 inch, and S-jointed, with the last joint a 
little prolonged in a slender thorn. According to Erichson as quoted 
by Osten Sacken, all Longicorn larvse, except those of Lamiidx, "have 
feet, which, however, are sometimes so small as to be perceptible only 
when magnified eveninla^e-sized larvae." {Proc.&c. I. p. 119.) Yet 
not only does Osten Sacken describe and figure the larva of pictm as 
apod, but he expressly says that " the larva of Arhopalus has no feet, 
although belonging to the Cerambycidse." {Ibid.} Can it be possible, 
that of two such closely allied species as robinim and pictas, one is apod 
in the larva state and the other has distinct feet? Or are the feet mi- 


1865.] 209 

croBcopically minute in pictiu, m that they were iDftdvertetitly over- 
looked by Oaten Sacken f * 

ZtuJ. When alive these larvfe were not at all olavate in front, neither 
were the thoracic segments flattened above and below, as the larva 
ofpwlui is described and figured by Oaten Sacken, most probably from 
alcoholic specimens. Yet atler being immersed in alcohol for three 
and ahalf months, both these characters made their appearance, although 
the prothorax is still, as compared with the middle abdominal joints, 
only aa thirteen to eleven wide, even in the most strongly clavate spe- 
cimens, whereas 0^ tea Sacken figures that of ^ictuf as in the proportion 
of thirteen to seven. Since, however, he described the prothorax of 
pictus as " twice broader than long," which is also true of robinim, the 
above difference is probably due to his specimens having been preserved 
in too strong alcohol, so as to shrivel up the abdomen unduly. 

Srd. When recent, the prothorax is not '• brownish-yellow,'' but 
whitish like the rest of the body, with four transversely arranged, 
roundish, brow nish-yel tow, dorsal spots. In the alcoholic specimens, 
the entire body assumes a more or less brownish tinge on the dorsal 
and ventral surface, which is less obvioos laterally; but even then the 
prothorax is usually no darker than the rest of the body. 

Besides the above two (Phy tophagic) Species, there is a third species 

*Biiron Oaten Sa«ken boa obligingly seat me one of the larrn from which his 
deBcription was drawn, and which, u he BAye, was eommanicaled to him by Dr. 
Horn, "along with the pupa and the receutly escaped imago;" and it absolutely 
has DO feet at all and no vestiges at any feet, under the moat powerful lens. 
How, even if we assume that Dr. Horn was miatAkeo aa to the identity of his 
larva, which, as Baron Oaten Backen well suggests, can scarcely have been the 
ease, to what imago coijld it pertain 1 If it pertained to any other Geramby- 
cide — e. g. Clioa garganicnn Fabr. which is our commoneat hickory borer — then 
there ia the same anomaly of a Cerarabycidous larva without any feet. If it 
pertained to a, Lamiide — e. g. AfonoAnmnuf iigrinui DeGeer, which, according to 
Dr. Fitch, commonly inhabits the hickory in Pennaylvania— then wo have the 
other anomaly of a Lamiidoui larva with its thoracic spiracle, not where ac- 
cording to Erichaon it ought to be, viz : in the fold between the pro. and meao- 
thorax, which fold as it beara the front legs in robinvx muat neceasarily be 
prothoracic aad not meaothoracic, but on the aide of the mesothorai as in Ce~ 
raa^yeuitE. For not only doea Oaten Sacken describe his larva aa having the 
"spiraelea normal," but I see with my own eyea that iU thoracic apiracle is on 
the aide of the meeothnrax. On the whole, I incline io believe that the larva 
ol A. pictut ia really apod, and that of^. robinia really 6-foo(ed; but aa thia ia 
to remarkable an anomaly, it would be very desirable to verify the facta by fur- 
ther observations, Hr. Cyrua Tbomaa describea a larva found in locaat wood, 
which he supposes to be that of A. robinicc, as having " aii very minute feet." 
(TVons, m. Statt Agr. Soe. V. p. ISO.)— Dee. 1«, 1885. 


206 [Deokmbeb 

of Arhopalua — the tn/a^tut of LoConte, as kiudly determined for me 
by that author himself — the % and 9 "f which are as much alike as 

those of robiniie, and scarcely differ frofai my specimens of that spe- 
cies % 9 , except in the yellow banda being nearly twice as wide and 
the antepenultimate one at the tip of the elytra nearly thrice as wide, 
and in the legs being brown-black instead of ferruginoua. With the 
exception, however, of the antepenultimate one, the yellow bauds of 
this species are no' wider than in Harris's figure of TohtnUe. {Inj. Int. 
Fl. II. 10.) Besides the above colorational charaoteis, there is a very 
slight, but oonstaDt, structural character which distinguishes in/au»tu» 
both from pictus and from robinix. In the former % 9 the antennal 
joints 2 and 3 are together \ — J thorter than joint 1 ; in the two Iatf«r 
species % 9 they are ^guu^ to joint 1. Of in/au«fiM my friend Dr.Velie 
took in the middle of September, 1864, eight % four 9 on the Platte 
Birer in Colorado, near Baker's Ranch; and as both he and Dr. Parry, 
the Iowa botanist, agree that ^ere were no trees but cottonwcods grow- 
ing within a great many miles of that locality, the presumption is that 
that insect inhabits the cottonwood. Id that case we have here a third 
(Phytophagic) Species belonging to this group, which agrees with ro- 
binix in all the six % characters that separate that species from jjic/ms, 
(iVot. &c. III. p. 421,) and also in the time of the appearance of the 
imago; hut differs £ 9 as specified above from pictut % 9 ^°^ roliinue 
i 9 , and also in its food-plant. 

Callidiuh antennatum Newman (=violacenm Enr ?) and C. ian- 
THiNUM Lec. (Coleoptera.) 

The former of these two very closely allied species lives in pine wood, 
according to Harris, and comes out from the middle of May to the first 
of June. (/"/■ /its. p, 100.) Of the latler, as determined by Dr. Le- 
Conte himself, Dr. Velie took ten specimens in Nebraska in the month 
of May in and on Red Cedar, which tree they were infesUng in enor- 
mous numbers. Hence the two may be considered as Phytophagic 
Species. lantMnum differs as follows from antennatum on comparison 
with 2 1 1 9 of the tatter received by me from the Eastern States : — 

lit. The length (ten specimens) is .39 — Ab inch instead of .55— .60 
inch, or, according to Harris, .40— .60 inch. 

2nd. The thorax is only one-third shorter than wide instead of one- 
half shorter. 

Zrd. The widest part of the thorax is a little behind the middle in- 
stead of a little be/ore the middle. 


1866.] 207 

ith. The Eculptare above is, not onl; relatWel;, but absolutely 
coareer, especial!; on the thorax. 

5(A. On the pronotum % there is nosnbpolished dortal shield, bounded 
laterally by a distinct unidentate stria. Dr. LeConte informs me that 
this character is always met with in % anteimatum, and It is very con- 
spicuous in both my % % . I hare been unable to ascertain, what are 
the characters which are supposed to separate our anletinatum from the 
European violaceum, which also feeds on pine, and with which it was 
formerly confounded. The name seems to indicate that there is sup- 
posed to be some difference in the siie or structure of the aotennEe. 

It has long been knowo that a race^of this insect inhabits the But- 
ternut and Walnut, which is full one-half longer and wider than the 
race which infests the Plum. I have met with numeroas specimens of 
both, but never found any intermediate size. Say states, on the au- 
thoiitj of Bartram, that this insect also " destroys the European Wal- 
nut in this country," but does act notice any difference in the size of 
the Walnut- in habiting race, I conceive that the two are Fhytophagie 
Varieties or perhaps Species, differing from each other as do the two 
races of Ckrt/iomela tcalaris Lee, which inhabit respectively the haaa- 
wood and elm or the dogwood and plum. {Proe. &o. III. p. 403.) 

DoRTPHORA 10-LiNEATA Say and D.JUNCTA 6enn. (Coleoptera.) 
I have already, in the "Practical Entomologist" (No. 1), shown that 
the former of these two Very closely allied species inhabits plants be- 
longing to the botanical family Solanaceee, and especially the genua 
Solanum ; while the latter most probably inhabits the Hickory, or at 
all evenia does not feed on Solanum. We may therefore consider the 
two as Fhytophagic species. 

Typically there are on the thorax of each of these species eighteen 
spots, arranged in the same very peculiar pattern, viz: two large, diver- 
gent, elongate ones arranged side by side in the middle, and respec- 
tively between and behind these a single minute one placed on the 
dorsal line ; while on each side of this fonr-apotted pattern are seven 
small spots, five of them on the hinder part of the thorax in a quincunx 
narrowed in front, aod the other two before this qnincuni, scarcely 
wider apart than the two hind spots of the quincunx, and obliquely ar- 
ranged, so that the outer one of the two is always twice as far from the 
anterior edge of the thorax as is the inner one. Now eighteen spots 
may be arranged in a given trapezium in an almost infinite variety 


208 Pecrhbkb 

of differ«at patterae. If, then, these two species did not spring from 
some pre-exiating form, but were created originally as distinct species, 
how does it come ^bont that the same yery peculiar pattern is repeated 
on the thorax of each F What poeeible Deceasit; in that case could 
there be, for Nature to plagiarize from herself a merely ornamental de- 
sign, when miliiona and millions of other designs might jost as well, for 
anything we can see to the contrary, hare been selected ? I conld as 
soon believe, with the old geologists, that dead fossil shells had been 
created in the roCks, on purpose to deceive us into betieving that they 
had oooe been alive, as that, out of the infinity of possible patterns, a 
particular one had here been selected and imprinted upon two aborigi- 
nally distinct species, with the manifest result of deceiving ns into con- 
founding those two species together. 

I have sud that there are (t/picaHif eighteen spots on the thorax (^ 
the above two species. Sometimes, however, six particular spots out of 
the eight«en are some or all of them absent, the loom of the remaining 
spots being still the same; and it b very remarkable, that in the two 
species it is the same particular spots that are thus absent, via: the two 
minute ones on the dorsal line and the central one of each i^uinounx, 
which are often Bbsent^and the spot in each quinouux that abuts on the 
hind angle of the thorax, which is but seldom absent. According to the 
mathematical theory of ohances, this can scarcely be a merely fortui- 
tous event; for the odds are enormously ^;ainst any one's happening 
on the same partJoular six numbers, twice over, out of eighteen numbers. 

It is sometimes the ease also, in both the above two species, that se- 
veral pairs of the thoracic spots are confluent with each other. Now 
we have only to imagine all of them confluent, and we get the thoracic 
ornamentation found ID Oltri/iomelabifffb^ana K.hy, C, prxcebis Rogers, 
G. elegans Oliv. and 0. exclamalionu Fabr., viz ; a dark-colored thorax 
bordered laterally and in front with a pdle tint; and in C. scripta Fabr., 
C. interrupta Fabr,, 0. Ailonulis Fabr., and especially in C. multipuac- 
fata Say, we find intermediate grades between the two forms. Nor is 
this an entirely imaginary idea as applied to the genus Chrffgomela. 
In a series of specimens of one species of this genus, interrupta Fabr., 
as I have already observed, (Froc. &c. III. pp. 228-9,) we find, as re- 
gards the elytral markings, precisely the same gradations, from sixteen 
dirk spots more or less partially confluent, to a uniform dark color bor- 
dered laterally and behii;d by a pale tint. Nobody doubts that these 
colorational varieties of the species interrupta have all proceeded from 
a common origin. Why then should we be shocked with the idea, that 


1865.] 209 

the Bimllarlj different cotomtional forma of two each olowly tllied ge- 
nera M Doryphora and Chrysomela have, t^B and ages ago, all pro- 
ceeded from a common origin ? 

Genus IcHNEUMOiT. (Hymenoptera.) 
There ia another and a still stronger ease of what I have called the 
" Unity of Coloration," which, as it is a very curious one, and does not 
appear to have been hitherto noticed or elucidated by any author, I 
may be excused for dilating on. Id feet, colurational characters such 
as these, which prevail throughout several species or thronghont whole 
genera, are usually neglected by those eatomologiata who occupy them- 
selves in establishing new genera, because the oonimonly received opi- 
nion is that genera must be founded, not upon colorational, bnt upon 
atmoturiil characters; and by those who oocnpy themselves in describ- 
ing new species, because, being found indifferently in many species, 
they are of little or no value as specific distinctions. Yet the very cir- 
cumstances, that cause them to be neglected by these two classes of 
writers, are precisely those which render them of pre-eminent interest 
to the philosophic naturalist. 

The annexed figure represents — magnified about three diameters — 
the front wing of any species of Ichneumon with blackish or fuliginons 
wings, e. g. viola Greaaoii,_flavicor- 
* Cress., taitciut Cress., cinetkor- 
J Cress,, aeehttus Cress., raalnev* 
Say, morulu» Say, devinctor Say, 
ceatralor Say, grandia Brull£, or 
rufieentrig Bruits. It will be observed that there are five white apota 
oait,A . . . E, which extend beyond the limite of the vein on which 
ihej are situated into a blister-like expanse, that has much the appear- 
ance of a spot of white mould. Besides these five, there are two mi- 
nute spots, F and G, which scarcely ever extend beyond the limita of 
the vein on which they are located. The locu* of all these spots is per- 
fectly definite and never differs in any species. J. is small and otlen 
subobsolete, and is invariably located on the internal side of the areolet, 
and so well forwards as to touch the radial area. B is large and obvi- 
ous, and is invariably located on the external side of the areolet, and 
almost always slightly behind the middle of the cross-vein which it be- 
Btrides. C in targe and obvious, and is invuiably located about mid- 
way between the areolet and the obtuse, salient angle of the second 
recurrent nervure, which angle, as in the figure, often has a short stamp 
of a vein proceeding from it. D is small and sometimes subobsolete, 


210 [Deoehqeb 

and is iuTari&blj looated immediately beliind tbis salient angle so as to 
tonch its apex. Sia hige and obvions, and is invariably located about 
midway between the areolet and the obtnae, re-entering Angle of the 
first recurrent nerrure, which angle, like that of the second recurrent 
nervure, often bears a short stump of a rein, as shown in the figure. 
And f and G are minute and inconspicuous, and invariably locuted 
on the hind end of the two hindmost cross-veins, so as to touch the 
anal or postcoetal vein, 

Altboogb three of these five blister-like spots, viz: S, 6' and E, are 
obvious, 80 far as I can find out, in every N. A. species of Ichneumon 
Ihat has blackish wings, the other two being generally smaller and not 
80 conspicuous, and although Mr. Cressou, on my calling bis atten- 
tion to the subject, kindly informs me that he notices them in many 
European species with blackish wings, yet they have been almost en- 
tirely overlooked by authors. Say refers to them only in bis descnp- 
tion of J. malacJts^ where he calls them " bnllie," (blisters or bubbles,) 
and in his description of/, moruftw, where he calls them "white dots;'' 
Gresson refers to them only in bis descriptions of / Blitkei and /. sce- 
lettm; and Brull£ does not refer to tbem at all. As to the minnte 
spots, F and (r, though tbey occur, not only thougboat the genus Ich- 
neumon, but in every specimen of every species of every genus belong- 
ing to Ichneumonidx, (and I might add Braconidte,} that I have 
hitherto examined, yet I cannot find that any anthor has as yet taken 
any notice whatever of them. 

But these five " bailee" are not confined to those species of Ichneu- 
mon that have blaeklsb wings. I discover that, by holding the wing 
up to the light, they may be detected, more or less plainly, in all the 
apecies of Ichneutiwn, at least seventy in number, that are contained in 
my collection, many of which have almost perfectly hyaline wings.* 

•MycollectioneoinpriBeHino/BCreaB. 9(=iiioinTMCrega.=0rj)AeiMCreBB.),/aia- 
eamis Crsss. ^ , malacai Say 9,«itiriu» Creas. y{^=attr Creae.), Hneflcamit Ciena, 
^ 5, nmrulM Bay % 9, vilii/nms Cress. t.i»c«fe»(iM Cress. 9 ,extremalU (-muar) 
Cna.% ^ ,unifaK!iatoriu*B»y % .otiotaaBty % ^ ,a^tusCteBB.^ ,ptil(JierBmllS 
%,agru!eui Crests. 9 (=trua ^ of pu!ckerr),Jucundut BrvlU ^, Grolei Creee. ^ , 
fiavimnatas Creea. % , atrifroru Cress. 9 1 conptvs Say % , paratua Bay (1836) % , 
comeiCTeiB.% 9 , dnnncior Say 9,/usef/rotMr Cress. ^ ,pee(oraliat Saj % ,funes- 
tuit Creaa. 9> centraior Say 9> »vturalia Say 9> leminiger Crcas. 9 (^uicijiu* 
Cress.), annultpuT Cress. J (=puii!lus Creas.), ffrandu BmllS ^ 9 ( t =anilnffiiu» 
Cress., ^ — rcgnatrix Creas.) Aad ru/iveHtrii BruU6 % 9 {—HnurocciHetaCnaa.— 
inetrtvi Creaa.) The remaining thirty-nine apeciea are not described either by 
Bay, Brull^ or Cressou, and are probably most of them new. Aa regards the 
BjQonymiea given in the above list, it is proper to add here, that I do not find 


1865.] 211 

On the otber hand, la other. Ichneumon idoua genera there exist homo- 
logous spots, but often different in naiuber or differing slightly in their 
location, though they are manifeBtly modifioationa of the same primordial 
pattern. For example in Trogut, where the pentagonal areolet of Ich- 
aeumon becomes rhomboidal by the elimination of the upper side, A 
generally covers the whole angle formed above by the anion of the 
inner and outer sides of the areolet, and the other four bulhe are placed 
as in Jrhneumvn. In Pimpla and Epkialtet, which also have a rhom- 
boi3aJ areolet, A is placed above B on the upper end of the outer side 
of the areolet, and in fimpla ia generally separated from B only by a 
very small space, and sometimes entirely confluent with It, the other 
three bullae being located in both genera nearly as in Ichneumon, ex- 
cept that £ is usually closer to the angle of the first recurrent vein. 
In Cr^plux there are normally but /our bullffi, and D being conflu- 
ent and the others placed as in Iihneumon, except that B ia located 
higher up on the cross-vein which it bestrides. In Glypta, where the 
areolet id represented by a simple cross-vein, A and B are absent, but 
as (7 and D are not quite confluent, being divided by a sleoder black 
line or blact dot, there are three bulhe, C, D and E. Odonlomeru!, 
jr^ionomus, Acanilut and Arotei differ from GJypta chiefly in Cand D 
being separated by a very wide space, and have the same number of bulhe. 
And ID Ophion and Anomalon, where the areolet is aleo represented 
by a simple cross-vein, A and B are absent, but Cand D being per- 
fectly confluent, there are conaequently but tu>o bullte. So far as I can 
discover, on a careful examination, there is no Icbueumonidons genus 

aEther the ahaps of the '■centrftl area" of the raetathorai, or the number of 
joints contained in the anUnaal anuulue, b constant and reliable epeci&c cha- 
racter. In Terj manj well-marked speciei or which 1 posiesa aumeroua speei- 
mena, the width of the "oentral area," as compared with its length, variej SO 
per cent, with all the intermediate grades, i. e. varies from " transrsree" to 
"quadrate" or from "quadrate" to "elungatei" and in other such species the 
length of the antenna I annulua varies very con eiderably, often by three or four 
and in one speoiea by aa much as seven joints, with Dumerous intermediat« 
grades. It is even the case that in one undescribed species, allied to parvua 
CressoD, of which I possess seven ^ , a single % has two or three of the inter- 
mediate antannal joints marked with ye How i ah -white above, while the remain- 
ing six I have no such markings whatever. And Westwood records the fact that 
"two 5 "f Oiyplut btllasm ware reared by Mr. Thwaitas, one of which had the 
antennss annulated and the other entirely black." [Jhtr. II. p. 13S, note.) If 
all specimens that differed in the above chaiactera were considered aa diatinct 
epeciee, the number of species in my collection would be very largely inoreased, 
and my argument strengthened so much the more. 


212 [Deoxmbxr 

tbat has not some such modification of that ^pe of bnllse which pre- 
Tails ID JchnetimoK, and none that has not at least two bailee, vis : 
(or CD) wd E* 

Althongh, u I believe, the bnllie exist typical]; in erery species of 
Ichneumon JQ the pattern peculiar to that geniu, yet, as ve might oat- 
urallj expect, we occasionally in certain species meet with certain spe- 
cimens, where they are partially obsolete, or nndei^ some other slight 
modification, sometimes in one wing only, sometimes in both wings of 
the same specimen. In order to test this question, I haro carefully 
examined both front wings in 319 speoimeus belonging to the 70 spe. 
oies of Ichneanton which I possess, making in all 638 wings. Of these 
638 wings Rs many as 75, belonging to 28 different species, have the 
bulla A obsolete; 28 wings, belonging to 15 dififerent species, hare the 
bulla D obsolete; f in one wing only of the 638, belonging to a single 
9 of geminiffer Cress, out of 3 $ which I possess, is the bulla obso- 
lete; but in none whatever of the 638 are either the bulla B or the 
bulla E obsolete. In 5 wings out of the 638, belonging to 3 different 
species, where the areolet is subrhomboidal, including 1 I out of 29 
i of Jtaviztmalits Cress., the bulls A and B are confluent abore. And 
only in 2 wings out of the 638, vie in 2 t of momlut Say — a Teiy 
abnormal species with metathoraoic thorns J — out of 3 % 2 9 , is there 
a small additional or spurious bulla loestedon theside of the areolet that 
adjoins the diseoidal eel), but only on the inside of the areolet and not 
extending on to the vein. In 11 out of 13 specimens of Troffiu obti- 
dianator Brull^ which I poaaess, this same addititmal spurious bnlla or 
rather semi-bulla makes its appearance. But neither in the three other 

*SAy dewribes the "balln" by that name in Anomaitm atiracitu. An. {Odort- 
tomerua) meliipet, OpMon bneitialOT and Orypfiugrallator; and deaeribes them as 
" whitetpita" in Banchut aguahu aad B. tiervulti*. Of course, if he had been 
aware that these bullw are, properlj speaking, a geoerio character common 
to ail the species of the same genus, he would not bare given them as charac- 
ters at particular apecies. Srull^ neither naiDCB nor deaorjbea the bnlln in an;- 
of hia descriptions of Ichneumonida, though hia Artist baa figured them Ptate 
XLII, fig. 1. And Mr. Cresson (ells me tbat " neither Fabrioius nor Graven- 
horst, so &T aa he can Bee, mentions the bulln or an; other term for that cha- 

t In aeveral biubU speoiea with hyaline wings, which I haTe referred to this 
category, the second recurrent vein is so nearl/ straight, that it is difficult to 
SAj, whether it is the bulla that is obsolete or the bulLn C and O that are 

X If Hoplitmeniu Orv. can be retained as distinct from Cryptus, which Brulld 
denies, then this species sbould also be erected into a genus distinct from Jik~ 


186fi.] 213 

species of Trogut in my collection, including T. exegoriui BnilM, nor 
in any other Ichneumonidoos Bpociea, so &r as I have obserTed, except 
Ctyplu* Tobtutut Crem. six {i^id an apparently nndeecnbed species 
(one S one $ ) belonging to a new genus iiit«rmediat« between Joppa 
and Baryceroi, do I find any traces of this remarkable anomaly. The 
above ia the sum total of variation, as regards these " bullae," in 638 
wings appertaining to 70 distinct species of Ichnevmon ; and it appears 
to be almost universally variation and not specific difierence, because 
there is but a single instance where a species, represented by over two 
specimens, esliibite any given variation in both the front wings of all 
the specimens. That instance is aanvlipetl Oress., a very variable 
species, of which I poesexs eight specimens, no two of them exactly 
alike in their general coloration, and all eight of which have the bulla 
A obsolete in both wings. In 819 specimens of any given species of 
insect, we should be apt to find almost as great an amount of variation, 
as that which has been detailed above, in any given specific colorational 
character. And yet this particular type of bullie is not a specific cha- 
racter, but one which runs through 70 distinct species of a partioalar 
genus ; and as already stated, remarkable modifications of the normal 
bailee of Ichneumon are found in all the other Ichneumonidoua genera 
with which I am acquainted. 

Besides the seven spots which, as has been already shown, exist typi- 
cally in the front wing of Ichnewnonidx, there are usually in the hind 
wing two bullie located on the lower or hindmost end of the two prin- 
cipal cross-veins. But for the purpose which I have in view, it b un- 
necessary to dwell upon this point. 

I might have insisted likewise on the very general, though not nnt- 
versa), persistence of the pale spot at the base of the stigma throughout 
IckneumonidK and Braconidtt, and several other Hymenopterous fami- 
lies; and, indeed, throughout certain families belonging tootherOrders. 
But as this character is perhaps partly structural, being connected with 
the thinner oi^aniiation of the stigma at that particular point, for cer- 
tain unknown structural or funetional purposes, I have forborne taking 
any account of it. In the case of the bullae, however, we cannot rea- 
sonably assume, that any structural or functional necessity cOnld require 
a wing-vetD to become suddenly thinner at some particular point, and 
then as suddenly become as thick as before; for it has been proved 
that the wing-veins are, properly speaking, veins, i. e. that they arc 
fluid-conducting tubes. And even if we make some such gratuitous 
assumption, this will not explain the white blotch ou the membrane of 


214 [DscRMBik 

the wing, Thiob almost always in th« bullw A . . . E, btit eearedy wtx 
u the spots Ft,ai 0, t^mf» the whtt« spot oa Ae veia itself.* 

To enttHDologiHta who hare worked mnch dd any particular group or 
groups of iaBecU, the foets stated above will, I stispect, seem not at aU 
extraordinary. For many similar cases of Colonitional Unity ooeur is 
every Order; and it has repeatedly happened to myself, and I doubt not 
to Qthere, that, aft«r having examined nnmenins speoies belonging to a 
given geuos, I oome at Itut npon one with a partioolar spot or a partienlar 
stripe coDspicaonsly developed in a particular locvt, and, on recurring 
to the speoies already examined, find more or less faint traces of the 
same spot or the same stripe im every one of them. But to the student 
in other departments of Natural History, where the number of speoies 
is so very much smaller than in Insects, and where oonsoqueally there 
is no such opportunity to form very extensive generaliiations, the phe- 
nomena detailed above will appear, perhaps astonishing, perhaps inere> 
dible, perhaps &lse. They are nevertheless strictly troe ; and any cne 
may easily satisfy himself of their truth, by selecting at random any 
qieoies of Ichnewnon and holding op ite wings to the light under a mo- 
derately good lens. 

The queetjon naturally occurs here to tlie philosophic mind — What 
is the HKANiNG of all these facts? Why do the same bulls in the 
same loet occur in so many distinct species of the same genns 7 Why 
do not some species have these bnlUe located on some of their other 
veins, or on some other put of the same vein 1 Why, for example, is 
there never a bulla on the ba*al side of the angle of the first recurrent 
vein, either in Icknewawn or in any other Ichn^umouidous genua F 
Why are there not sometimes six or eight or ten bulln ? Why are 
there not somelimeci none at allf In every species oS Idmewmott we 
find, it is true, without exception, a pentagonal or subpentagonal 
areolet and a very short ovipoeitor. But the reason of this is obvious. 
If the insect was without these characters, it would not be placed in 
the genus Ichneumim, because these are some of the established generic 
characters of Ichnetanou. Yet bo far is it from being the case, that the 
bullae are an established generic cfaaraeter of Ichaeumoa, that they do 
not appear to have been even noticed hitherto, except incidentally in 
the descriptions of a few species. Look at the figure given above. 
Anyone can see that the seven white spots on it might be arranged on 
the wing in millioDs and millions of different patterns. Why then in 


1866.] 215 

seventy distioct speciaa of the same geniu are they always arranged in 
the same pattern, aabjeot only to the Tery alight Tariationa noticed 
■hove ? Why — as is most likely the case — should Nmture have eer- 
Tileiy repeated the same moDOtonons Coloratioaal Pattern thronghont 
the whole genns Ichnevmon, which probably comprieee at least 500 
species, and is numeroudy represented on both sides the Atlantief 
Why in allied genera do we find eurions modifications of the same fdn- 
damental pattern, and not entirely new and original patterns T Why 
in allied genera dowe find none entirely without bnlln, aod uaat witb- 
ont the spots /'and Gf Why is the loauot tbei^ts J'uid 6 ib- 
Holntely invBriable thronghont IchnevmmidM and Braconidrnf It 
these seven spots eould answer any poseible ntilitaiian pnrpoae, we 
might say that they oocnr thronghont IthiteutHoti, beoanM the peonliar 
habits of that genns require them for that purpose. But they are mani- 
festly mere ornamental designs, in no possible respect necessaiyor use- 
ful to the individual /cAtteumon, any more than the nuBenms small, 
pale spots on the bodies of many adnlt Fallow Deer, whiofa oeonr also 
in the fawn of the oommon North Amerioan Deer, are neosiwgy or 
usefiil to the individnal Deer. 

To my mind, there can be b^ one satisfactory answer to all the 
above questions. There must be a close genetie connection between 
til the species of the genus Ichnetmion, and a more remote genetic eon- 
nectioD between that genus and the other genera of IcAtteimuMidm. 
" Community of descent," says Darwin as interpreted by Lyell, "is the 
hidden bond wtuch naturalists hare been UDOonsoioaaly seeking, while 
they often imagined that they were looking fitr some nuknowo Plan ot 
Creation." (_Anti<{. Man. p. 412, Amer. ed.) Xict him, who reiuses to 
necept this solution of the enigma, offer a better solution himself. 

Siquid lumtH reetau ittiM, 

QnviidiM inperti ,■ n mm, kig utert aMnin. 
But do not let him utter sonorous common-plaoes, about carrying out 
the Plan of Creation and completing the System of Nature, and then 
fancy that he has explained &cte, when in reality he has only restated 
them in general terms. 
Rock Iilamd, Illihois, Sov. 11, ISSi. 




It is singnUr how few N. A. Naturaliste seem to be able to quote 
Darwin correctly. In the Procefdi'ngt (Vol. V. pp. 26-27) Mr. Soudder 
discourses on Darwinbm as follows : — 

It hw been auerted that ipecies existing over a wide raDge of oountrj ore 
more variablt than thaie limited to a emaller area, and some arguments have 
been baaed upon this and similar aseertionB by those who would maintain the 
deriTatire theory of the Origin of Speeiel. On this asBnmptioa • • • we 
should expect to find, Ac, Ao., tc. In point of fact, almost the exact opposite 
appears to be true, Ac, Ac, Ac. 

Now what does Darwin really assert ? These are his words : — 

Alph. DeCandoIle and others have shown, that plants which have Terj 
wide ranges geatrally promt varUtta. ■ ■ ■ But my tables farther show 
* ■ ■ that it is the mast flourishing, or, as they ma; be called, the dotninant 
species — those which range widely over the world, are the most diffused in their 
own country, and are the most numerous in individuals — which oftenat pmdvct 
wtllnarkid varitUet, {Orig. Sptc, p. bi, Amer. ed.) 

Other writers belonging to the same school lake precisely the same 
ground. For example, Mr. Wallace,in his recent admirable Paper on the 
Malayan Papilionidet, writes as follows: — 

I find, as a gcatrai rule, that the constancy of species is in an inverse ratio to 
their range. Those which are confined to one or two islands are generally very 
constant. When they extend to many islands, considerable variability appears ; 
and when they have an extensive range over a large part of the Archipelago, 
the amount of unstable variation is very large. {Trane, I/inn, Soc. xxv. p. 4.) 

Substitute in Mr. Scudder's sentence "generally more variable" or 
" oftener variable " for " more variable," as in common fairness ought 
to have been done, and the few facts quoted by him in the genus Oku 
onohtu in no wise controvert what Darwin really asserts. Leave the 
sentence as it stands, and assume the facta to be as Mr, Scndder puts 
them — on which point I do not pretend to offer any opinion — and the 
argument appears to be a triumphant refutation of the so-called Dar- 
winian statement. When Darwin is misquoted, the reasoning seems 
good ; when be is quoted correctly, it is good for nothing. A theory 
must be strong indeed, when, as would seem from the practice of cer- 
tidn Naturalists, it can only be refuted by misstating it 



Setoiiptloni sf Hma n*w cpeclM of BASAI1I£< 

I. Itbomift SoiDDgk, n. ap. 

Mitle. — Fore winga almost as in I. Gonwuia Hewita., but the trans- 
parent yellow patch within the cell is double what exietdio tbat species. 
Hind wings transparent, brownish ; a large clear yellow space on the 
basal half of the abdominal mai^in, extending but slightly into the 
cell, and over the second median vein, much more ci re um scribed in its 
area than the einiilarly bituated but differently colored spot ia /. Go- 
nuMO, reaching, in no direction, as far ns this; a luurginal row of fi/e 
rounded and oblong white spots, smaller than in the allied species. 

Under surface mostly as above, witfaa bright ferruginous costal band 
running half way down the anterior margin of the posterior wingH. 
Expanse 2.75 inches. 

Antennae entirely black. 

Thorax and abdomen black, the first spotted with white in the usoal 
manner, the last with a double ventral white line, coalescing at the 
insertion into the thorax, and at the anus. 

77u6.— Honduras. (In my Collection.) 

This fine species, in conjunction with /. Gonusia, might perhaps be 
more appropriately placed under Hgmenitu., t^) the less extreme species 
of which they very closely assimilate, Mr. Bates, in hie invaluable 
work upon the Amazonian Heliconida, gives a list of ten species, (p. 
538) which he considers as belonging to this genus, but does not in- 
clude among them this species, «hich, at the date of his publication, 
was both figured and described. I have, therefore, relying upon his 
better judgment, necessarily arising from much greater facilities of com- 
parison, treated of the new and related species under the same head. 

In the general disposition of iU markings, it is so nearly allied to 
Gonmsa, that it might by some Entomologists be considered as its 
malr; but recollecting that amidst the crowd of delicate forms refera- 
ble to this genus, we know of but one instance (nue.) in which the 
sexual disparity is strikingly observable, I have thought it best to treat 
it as a new type. A great many new species have been indicated by 
Dr. Herrieh-Sehieffer in his " Lepidopterorum index systematicus," 
Corbl. p. 175, 1861, a large majority of which have neither been deli- 
neated nor diagnosed ; until this has been accomplished, they can in 
no way conflict with identical species tltat may be described under 
other names. 


218 [December 

S. Osntiiiia IjaMta, Fabr. sp. 

iVtp. I^cattt, Fabr., Ent. Bjit. III. i. p. ISl, n. ^m. (ITTi.) 

Jimes, Icon. II. t. T, f. 1. (iaed.) 
Ed. Lgc., Godart, Enc. M. IX. p. 221, n, 54. (1W19.) 
Belt Lye., Diuroal Lepidopt. I. p. 104, n. bt). (18i;.) 
irtlinamT Zyc, Cat. Brit. Mua. VIII. p. 58. (1B44.] 
Cferad'nia JpAiantUM, Cat. Brit. Mua. VIII. p. 1*9. (1844.) 
Ifhimia (Ceratinia) Ipk., Diurniil Lepidopt. I. p. lS7,n. 71,L 18, f. 3. (1847.) 
Ith. IpK,, Hewitaon, Itbomia, t. Bl, B2, 93. (1855.) 

Itk. Ipk., t&T. panamtnaia Bates, Proc. Zool. Boc. p. 246, t. 20, f. 5. (1863.) 
Ilh. FlutniMa. Herrich-Bchnffer, Hewitson, Itbomia, f. B3. (IRft4.) 
lih. AnapkUaa, " " " f. (1, (18M.) 

This ia one of those protean apecies irliich oTertnro all the preoon- 
ceived ideas of Entomologiata regarding specific Ntnhility of forui. 

Id the earlj part of this year, amongst other Lepidoptera, I received 
tiro examples of thie species from Los Angelos, California, where they 
had been taken bj my friend, Mr. John C. Love, formerly of this city. 
One of these T at once det«rmiDed from Godart's meagre diagnosis, to 
be Fabricios' Lffcatle. The other approximated so closely to a variety 
of fyhianasaa, then not long described and figured by Mr. Bates, and 
yet was so nearly assimilated to the typical Lyca»te as to cause me 
much uncertaiDty in regard to the identity of both. In this strait I 
forwarded their descriptions to Mr. H. W. Bates, and soon after re- 
ceived an answer, from which I extract the following ; — " Your Heli- 
conia from Los Angelos is no doubt Jthvmi'a Jphianasta, loCiil var. 
Panameniis mihi . . . since naming the insect, I had myself found it to 
agree with Godart's Li/caste ... I suppose the name Iphianasm must 
now give way to that of L^eatte ... its occurrence so far north as Los 
Angelos is a new and most unexpected fact." 

A careful examination of a series of eight successive and progreaaive 
forms, five of which I have in my own cabinet, finally determined me 
to concentrate these varieties under one specific head, treating the aber- 
rations as local, imperfectly segregated races. 

One peculiarity will be observed in this variation, and which has 
uever fallen under my notice as occurring in any other species, that, 
with hut few exceptions, the wings appear suffused with black in pro- 
portion to their recedence from the Equatorial line. 

This will be readily perceived from the following diagnosis of each 
form, which I have thought it desirable to append, both as illustrating 
the formation of apeciea, and for the better determination of other vari- 
eties, which the futnre will undoubtedly disclose to us. 


1865.] 219 

Oerallnui Lycaste, Fnbr. ip. Type. 

Male. — Fore wings, with the basal third, dark orange-tawny; bejoni] 
this, a, broad yellow buDd, obliquely traversing the disc, and narrowing 
towards the inner aogle, which, however, it does not reach ; a large 
rounded blaek spot occupies the middle of the cell, half being super- 
imposed upon either color; the coata is black throughout its entire 
leogth ; the outer half of the wing black, with three very small white 
submarginal spots; three indistinct brownish streaks between these 
and the yellow band. 

Hind wio}^, with the basal half, dark orange-tAwny ; the posterior 
portion black, this covering an area contained between a nearly straight 
line, drawn from the middle of the costa to a point on the anal margin, 
opposite half the length of the abdomen, and the outer margin. 

Underneath the primaries differ only in having the submarginal 
white spots increased to the number of seven. 

The secondaries differ from the upper side in having a row of sub- 
marginal spots to the same number as the primaries, and also in the 
presence of a large oval black spot above the cell, concealing a thick 
oval corneous plate, and which is contmued within a sudden expansion 
and re-approximation of the costt|1 and subcostal vein, along which runs 
a narrow b!ack line from the base to the black margin. This plate on 
the upper surface is depressed below the level and filled with closely 
appressed scales of peculiar tbrm, which are covered by the overlying 
sexual tuft of hairs. Expanse 1.81 inches. 

Bah. — Los Angeloa, Cal'a. (In my Collection.) 

Guiana; South America. CColt. Brit. Mus.) 
var. ponamensis, Bates. 

" 9 • Wings opake ; fore wing alnrve with the basal third orange- 
Uwny, which color is prolonged a short distance along the costal and 
hind mai^ns, the costal edge being black, and the centre of the cell 
ornamented with a large rounded black spot; this is followed by a 
broad obliqne yellow belt, commencing at the subcostal nervure, and 
narrowing to its termination near the hind angle. Apical portion of 
the wing beyond the cell black, crossed in the middle by a row of three 
widely distant yellow spots. Beneath, the same, except that there is 
a row of seven submarginal white spots. 

Hind wings above with the basal half orange-tawny, the outer half 
black, the black portion contracted near the apex, which has a row of 
three minute whitish spots. Beneath, the same, except that there is a 
yellow spot at the root of the wing, a black spot at the end of the cell, 


220 [Decembek 

sad a row of white subtuargiDal spots. Antennfe orange, basal portion 
blacLuh. Thorax yellowish, with two white dorsal lines; collar orange. 
Abdomen dark brown. Kspanse 2" 2"'." — Bates. 

Sab. — " Pvnaiua." Salvin & Godmnn. 

In this form the central black dot of the pnioarieB is BurroDoded by 
oraage-tawny — in the type, and in the following; semi-species it is 
placed half upon each, 
Tar. neffriia, in. 

Male. — This, in addition to the difference in the eituation of the 
black spot of the fore wings, mentioned above, has a large blauk dot at 
the termination of the hind wings' cell, and is deprived of the three 
Bubmai^inal white spots upon the same, that are found in var. paita- 
mtnt'a. The under surface is similar to the upper, with the addition 
of the black line running along the costal and postcostui veins, as in 
the type, here, however, much widened, and connected with the spot 
at the end of cell by a short bar. Expanse 2.25 inches. 

The oval black corneous patch is also present, as it is throughout all 
the % forms of the specie)'. 

Sab. — Los Angelos, California, (In my collection.) 

Tar. anaphiami, Herrich-SchgsfTur. 

IphianOMB, mr. Ilewitaon, Ithomla, XV. {. 91. (1955.) 

Differs from the usual form of Iphianansa only in the quantity of 
black with which the wings are suffused. 

The black spots of the primaries are much enlarged, and the "carvel 
line of orange near the outer margin" ia obsolete. 

The ground color of the secondaries is orange ; the broad stripe of 
this color traver ' jg the black hind margin in var. Iphuinassa Doubld. 
is nearly obliterated; an oblong semi-transparent yellowish -white spot 
between the black spot at the extremity of the cell and the black outer 

Hab. — " New Granada." Hewitson. 
Tar. pamtTtaia, m. 

Maie. — Differs from the following and most abundant variety of the 
species ID having the black spots considerably enlarged, and, with the 
exception of the apical yellow band, in being of a uniform tawny-orange; 
the "oblong transparent spot between the second and third median 
uervules" is reduced to a mere dot. 

The secondaries present a row of three apical, small, rounded, white 
spots upon the black margin. Expanse 2.36 inches. 

Female, simitar to the male. 

Sab. — Garacoae. (In my Collection.) 


1865.] 83! 

The lesB quantity of black upon tbe w'mgs of this fona has led me 
to place it intermediate between var. Anaphiua and var, fyhinnaua, 
altboagh its tawny-orange tint connects it very oloeely with the first 
tliree varieties. 

var. Iphla7va»a DbM. et Hewits. 

Diumal Lepidoptefs, 1. 1 IS, f. 3. (I84T.) 
HewitaoQ, Ithoraia, XV, f. 92. (18iS.) 

" Upper side. Mule. — Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the 
middle (except the margins and two black spots, one of which crosses 
the end of the cell), semi-transparent rufous. The rest black, crossed 
before the apex by a curved band of yellow, and an oblong transparent 
spot between the second and third median nervules, A curved line of 
oran^ near the outer margin, and two or three white spots at the apez- 
Foeterior wing with the basai half transparent rufoua white, with a 
small black spot at the end of the cell. G'he rest black, traversed by 
a band of orange, parallel to the outer margin. 

Under bidb as above, except that both wings have a Bubmarginal 
row of white spots. The female does not differ. ExpaDse 2^g io. 

Sa h. — Venezuela." — HewilMtt. 

Caraccas. (In my Collection.) 

The figure in the " Genera " represents a much more brightly oolored 
insect than does that of Mr. Hewitson's plate; I am unable to aay 
whether this difierence esista in fact. 

var. Phanaia, Herrieh-Schicffer. 

Tphiamasa var. Uewitgou, Itbomia, XV. f. 93. (ISSS.) 

Differs chiefly from the preceding in the diminution of the extent of 
black surface, particularly noticeable upon the primaries. " The ob- 
long trauaparent spot between the second and third median nervules" 
is much enlarged, and occupies all the area within those limits between 
the cell and the margin ; the " curved line of orange" extends but a 
short distance along the enter margin; the black spot in the cell is les- 
sened, and a small black triangle in the angle formed by the median 
vein and first branch, is wanting. The black spot at the extremity of 
the cell of the secondaries is obsolete upon the npper surface, and the 
black mai^in is uiore rounded interiorly at the apex, not so contracted 
as heretofore. The mfous tint is more diluted, and the diaphaneity of 
the wings more coiiBpicnouB than in any <^ the preceding forms. 

JluL — " New Granada." Hewitson. 

var. (Mmboraxana, In. 

Female. — Fore wings transparent; some opaque t&wny-oraiige acsles 
beyond the subcostal vein, and on the inner margin below the mediaD 


222 [Bkckhbbb 

vein md first braach, in neither place reaching farther thao the cell; 
a black Bpical patch and outer margin ae in the normal form, a enb- 
marginal rov of white gpota, becoming indistinct towards tbe inoer an- 
gle, where there is also a faint trace of the orange line. Two transverse 
black bands, both much dilated superiorly, extend from the costa to 
the outer mai^in; the upper, commenoin^ directly npon the costa, 
ooyers the disco-cellular nerruleB, and third median veintet, narrowing 
almost to the width of this in its lower portion ; the two radials which 
are black and somewhat dilated, divide the space enclosed between the 
band and the black margin into three oblong spots, the upper having a 
smallopaquewhiteapot impinging upon the coata; the lower black band 
arises about the middle of the cell from the subcostal nervure, along and 
below which a tapered prolongation runs to the base, and terminiites on 
the onter margin just above the anal angle, nearly following the line 
of the medb central veinlet; below the cell this band is of nearly 
uniform breadth. 

The hind wings appear to be colored as in var. PlMnetta, but the 
central portion is entirely transparent. 

The single esample I possess is somewhat rubbed, for which dae 
allowance must be given to the description. 

Hub. — Ecuador. (In my Collection.) 

For a specimen of this very interesting variety, ticketed " Valleys, 
west side of Chimborazo," I am indebted to Mr, H. W. Bates. 

To the best of my knowledge, I have given the diagnoses of all known 
forms referable to this species, which, with some others, Salajna, 
Terra, Avella, Diasia, &c., are, I think, entitled to generic distinction. 
Tbe corneous plate on the under side of the hind wings of the male is 
a very decided diagnostic, sufficient to separate them not only from the 
remaining members of Ceratinia, hut also from all the species contained 
in that most incongruous genus of the " Genera" — Ithomia. For the 
species named, and three or four more, I would indicate the generic 
name Dynothca. 
3. Ceratlaia Oaata, Boisd. ap. 

% Hdiconia Daeta, Boisd. Sp. Gea, t. 11, f. 7. (1831.) 

Jthomia (Ceratinia) Daeia, Diurnal Lppidoptera, I. p. 127, O. TT. (1847.) 

9 Mechattitie Melphit, Hubn. Zut. f. 6ST, 688. (1832.) 

Ithomia Anyta, Dbld. Diurnal Lepidoptera, I, p. 1ST, n. 75. (1847.) 
ifecfuinilia Melphia, var. UUbn. Zut. f. 7aS, 7A0. (1831.) 
Itlumia Laphria, Dbld. Diurnal Lepidoptera, I. p. 127, n. 76. (1832.) 
Itkonia Euryaruusa, Felder. W. E. M. IV. p. 101. (1860.) 

Hab. — Caraccas (_Dxla), Rio de Janeiro {LapAria and Eurifanaaa). 
(In my Collection.) 


1865.] 223 

I can see no renBon for separating any of these synonimic forms. 
Dr. Herri ch-S<^seffcr has, indeed, united Anyta and Bieta, and very 
curiously given tlie former name the preference. There is no percep- 
tible difference either in oolor or venation between my Bpecimens of 
Daeta (type) and of Euryanasia, both of which I have very carefully 
determined bj coniparieon with figures and diagnosis. Laphria is the 
only form which could, by undue straining, be considered evea a vari- 
ety, and the departure is so very trifling that it hardly merits this slight 
i. MMbanitl* OalUgraloK, n. sp. 

Expanse 2.45—2.56 inches. Fore wing above, brownish-black, a 
basal streak over the median nervnre, and two rounded spots near the 
inner angle, orange-tawny; of these the outer is the largest, sometimes 
the inner is yellow, and sometimes both are nearly obsolete — a spot 
across the cell near its termination much narrower than in M. Istkmm, 
and in one example, (B) reduced to a mere dot on the median nervure, 
a more or less interrupted belt across the wing from the costa to near 
the middle of the outer margin, and an oblong subapical spot, yellow ; 
in specimen B, jnst mentioned, there is an additional yellow spot below 
the medio-central vein let. 

Beneath the same, snffused with orange-tawny at the base, and the 
inner angle, with a row of eight or nine submarginal white spots along 
the outer mat^n. 

Hind wing above, orange tawny, with a broad mesial baud, entire, 
and a narrow outer border, from the middle of the costa to the anal 
angle, brownish -black. 

Beneath thesame, a yellow spot on the root of the wing; a band runs 
along the subcostal nervure from the base to the margin, where it is 
somewhat dUat«d; immediately below its termination, a mark in the 
form of an irregular figure 2, usually with the upper part inordinately 
enlarged ; between this and the base, on the central line of the band 
above, three small subtriaugular spots; all these markings blackish- 
brown ; a submarginal row of seven white spots on the outer margin. 

Body brownish ; wing lappets and thorax spotted with tawny-orange; 
antenna yellowish, with the base dusky. 

Mab. — Loa Aogelos, California. (In my Collection.) 

This beautiful species is closely allied to Mechamti* Isthmta Bates, 
both being local segregations of the protean M. Polymnia, to which, 
however, Californica species is more nearly allied. 



Dweripttaai ftf Mma nnr (pMiM of HEEBIA. 

1. Bta^ Twitt, nor. ip. 

Jfafe.— Upper aide, brown ieh-blRclc. Fore viog, with a xingle spot in 
the celt, a Urge epot below it cut b; the first median nervule, a quadri- 
partit« band from the ooetal marj^n beyond tbe middle, the division 
upon the oosta bisected by a narrow black vein, and a small rectangular 
spot Dear the middle of the exterior margin. 

Hind wing crossed between the middle and tbe base bj a broad band, 
divided by black nervitles into seven spots; all the markings on tbe 
upper surface pale rufous white. Fringe while, cut with black. 

Under side more brownish than above; the pale markings of above 
repeated and enlarged, base and one-third the costa of tbe primaries 
and base of the secondaries, bright ferruginous; twosub-basal spots and 
an oblong streak, rufous white, transversely across tbe latter, also a sub- 
marginal row of oblong spots of the same color. Espanse 1.88 inches. 
Antennm black ; thorax and abdomen above black; head and thorax 
uaderneath spotted with yellowish- white. 
Hah. — Honduras. (In my Collection.) 

Yery closely allied U> E. Eira Hewitson, but differs in tbe much 
greater elongation of the wings, the body remaining of tbe same size. 
It lacks a rufous-white spot in each cell, there being but one in the fore 
wing's eell, and none in that of the bind; and also the ferruginous dot 
near the anal angle; tbe transverse band in Exra is centrally situated, 
in Yorila it is thrown much befbre the middle, its outer margin tracing 
a mesial line. 

Mr. Hewitson does not mention any basal ferruginous markings in 
Exra, and which are so eminently charact«ristio of Yorita. 
3. BtMta Oomaala, dot. ip. 

Male. — Upper side black, marked with pale fulvous; a laige patch 
on the inner margin beyond the middle, and obliquely above it two 
smaller, respectively approaching the outer third of the costa and the 
middle of &e exterior mai^in. 

A transverse band across the secondaries, very wide upon the costa, 
and narrowing toward the abdominal margin ; following this, a row of 
indistinct submai^nal lunnles; emarginations yellowish- white. Ex- 
panse 1.38 inches. 

Under side, primaries ftilvous towards tbe base, beyond, two large 
orange spots, separated by a sinuate black band, running from the 


1865.] 225 

costa Dearly to the inner angle ; apical urea grejish-brovn, with some 
small white lunnlate spots on the costa, and two lai^r, near the middle 
cf the outer margin. 

Secondaries greyish ; at the base reticulated with delicate reddieh- 
brown lines ; a pale rufous yellow transverse band ; outer margin 
clouded with rufouR-brawn. enclosing a series of pale snbmai^iDal la- 
nules, and interior to these three or four roanded brown spots. 

Female does not differ. 

Hah. — Brasil. (In my Collection.) 

In ornanientatiun, (Jornada must b6 very near to TdvUtta Godart, 
as a variety of which I have long considered it, (a typical example of 
this I have never seen) but as in outline, it eiactlj ngrees with Dicoma 
Hewitson, 1 have considered it as new, for Mr. Hewitson says, this, 
{Dicoma) " is near Teletusa on the upper side, but of different form." 

3. ErMia OeiilK«*l>> <'°'' ^p. 

Male. — Upper side hrownisb-black, marked with white, or pale yel- 
lowish-white spots, arranged on the primaries a.s follows : an abbreviated 
snb-costal hand of three spots, obliquely below and exterior to these 
two more, and then a single submarginul one completes the interrupted 
maculate band, running from the coeta to the middle of the exterior 
mai^n ; below the median vein another short row of three spots, and 
at an equal distance on each side of the lowest of these, which is much 
compressed, a rounded spot near the inner margin ; a narrow transverse 
streak in the cell. 

The secondaries present a dash in the celt ; a central transverse band, 
divided by the dark veins, and posterior to this, two indistinct rows of 

Under side, primaries grayish-yellow on the basal half, outer portion 
brownish ; the spot within the cell is considerably dilated, and there 
sre traces of another spot interior to this; the submarginal spot on the 
OQler margin is very much enlarged, extending to the outer margin, 
and becoming pale fulvous; there is an obsolete row of counect«d la- 
nules, the two nearest the apex black, and on the costa between these 
and the abbreviated hand, a small yellowish-white point; the rest of 
the white marlcinge as on the upper surface. 

Secondaries uniformly greyish-yellow, faintly reticulated with darker 
lines at the base; a submarginal row of white lunnles, obsolete at the 
apex, and above the two central of these, two well defined small brown 
crescents. Expanse 1.38 inches. 

Sab. — Loa Angelos, Cal'a. (In my Collection.) 


226 [Pbcrmbeb 

Perhaps this may be identioal with E. ffermat Hewiteon, but as he 
haB Dot figured the upper side, and described it very vaguely, it is com- 
paratively impoBsible to determine anything from his diaguosis. It is 
oaly, however, in the outline of the marking that it seems to resemble 
that species. Their difference in color, and some variBtions upon the 
fore wings, have induced me to consider it specifically distinct. 

Ereiia SmertOx Hewits. must give place to E. {MelUmn) Texana 
Edwards, Mr. Edwarda having described it in July, 1863; the former, 
in April, 1864. E. Gggei, of the same author, is a synonym of E. 
Erigia Poey, the two being precbely Himilar. 

i. BrMi& B&tMii, dot. Bp. 

JUale. — Fore wings black ; two transverse, maculate, fulvous bands, 
arising nearly at the costa, and converging to the inner margin ; the 
cell contains three or four abbreviated bars, none of them estending 
below the median vein ; the basal half of the area below this neFvure 
is deep black, rarely containing a narrow fulvous streak ; a spot of the 
same color opposite the middle of the outer matgin. 

Secondaries black; the two fulvous bands of the fore wings are conti- 
nued nearly to anal margin, the separating line very much attenuated in 
the middle; the posterior contains a rounded black spot between each 
nervule, and beyond these an indistinct row of connected lunules; two 
fulvousspotawithin the cell, preceding the first transverse band, the inner 
semi-encircled by the outer. Fringe white, orwhitish, sometimes lightly 
cut with black at the estremities of the veins. Exp. 1,25—1.50 inch. 

Under side of the primaries fulvous; a large triangular black patch 
arising from the middle of the inner margin is connected at its apex 
with an irregular,dilatinghar runniugthence to the middle of the costa; 
a short bar on the costa between this and the apex ; three connected black 
lunules, the central much the widest, ruu from beyond the middle of 
the innner margin to the third median vein; sometimes this line is 
prolonged by the addition of one or two more very delicate crescents. 

Secondaries ochrey-yellow; indistinct pale fulvous lines near the base, 
and a row of rounded dots, followed by pale lunules of the same color 
near the outer margin ; rarely, one of these last is bright ferruginous. 

Body, &c., as in the allied species. 

Femnle, similar on the upper surface; underneath the reticulations 
are plainer. Expanse 1.63 inches. 

Hal. — Winchester, Va. ; Gloucester, N. J. (In my Collection.) 

I take pleasure in dedicatiug this species to my friend, Mr, H. W. 
Bates, of London. 


1865.] 227 

Its only Eastern ally is Tharog, but it is much more nearly related 
to Pulchelia Boisd. {Pratensin Belir.) of the west coast, for specimens 
of which I am indebted to Mr. P. R. Uhler. 

The almost uniform saturation with bluek below the mediBD vein of 
the fore wing, coupled with the white fringe, are veiy decided diagno- 
stics, and ulone sufficient to separate it from any of the allied species. 


Curator of Entomology, Buffalo Society of Natural Sciencee. 

When we separate from this Family the Zygfenid genera, Melnn- 
chroi'i, Ctennrhiilia,* etc., which have been referred to the Bombyeid 
Sub-Family Ldkoxiiaa, by Mr. Walker, we can perceive that its rep-e- 
sentation in Cuba, judging from the present collection of Prof Poey, 
is extremely meagre. It abounds in species which appear to be repre- 
sentative, showing that we must consider the Island as a Province of 
the Fauual District which embraces the West Indian Archipelago. 
The species are wanting in Striking forms, and, compared with the 
members of this Family in the United States, are also wanting in in- 
terest and beauty. Of certain sub-families, no representatives occar_ 
The Ceratocampulx, Atlaci, ^ P/ulj/pteri/cidie, and CochUdim, are 

'CtaQnebillia. mihi, n. g. Type, Ctenucha virgo, II 8., Exot. flg. 301. 

Differs from Ctenueka virginica aud CUnurha creMonana, by the very slend 
labial palpi, which are not depressed at Ibi-ir tips nor flexuoua, but held aoni 
what rigidly. Maiillffi short. Occiput and epicrnnium longer than usual, 
broa'l as the elongate, a-lva need prothoracic parte, which receive tbem with bul 
a alight apparent contraction. Thorai. alender and, with the caputal and pro- 
thoracic parts, very finely, evenly and shortly scaled. Mervulea of the pri 
ries shorty costa at apical third not eo depreesed aa in CUnucha; fourth m. ner 
f irther removed towards the base of the wing; third, arcuate. The struct 
caputal and thoracic characters are diatinctive, and separate it from allied Wesl 
Indian genera. CURtichidia nirgo ia finely maculate beneath. The exiatence 
thia genus, as distinct from Ctenucha, has been supposed by Dr. A. S. Pactard, 
Jr. Tbe Zygeenidee ehouM precede the Bombycidaa in a natural arrangemi 
A |>aper on the Cuban representatives of the Family, is in course of preparation. 

+ The genua Samia. belonging to this aub-family, was erected by HObner in 
181*. Under it are grouped in the " Verzeiohniss," three apeciea, as I regard 
thera the types of so many distinct genera, which do not seem to have been pro- 
perly separated. The first species aeema properly to be regarded as the type of 
tbe genus Samia, as now amended. Thia is the Sombi/x cgntAia Drury, from 
Asia. The second species, Fhafana {AiCacaa) cecropia, of Linnceus, ia property 
the type of an American genua for which I have elsewhere proposed to uae Dun- 
can's generic term, Hyalopkora. It becoming evident lo me that the use of this 
term is liable to objectiou, for the reason that it is not properly restricted by it* 


228 [Decembee 

totallj UDrepreaenteil, while the a.f. Pti'loilonteg is very limited in eX' 
tent, though, as I coDsider, varied id eipreseion. The Arctiiiife arc 

author, and that it has bei;n loDsel/ used for a variety of species, I am con- 
Itrained to propose a new name for it. The third species, Phalicna (Atincua) 
ProtnetAea Drury. has been made the type of the generft CaUoaamia by Dr. Pack- 
ard, and ia eetablished under that name, which is well selected in the view 
that it possesses close affinities with Snniia eynlAia. 
BAHIA, Hubner. 

Type : Phalana (Allaeiu) C^/ntMa, Drury, III. Exot. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 10, Plate 0, 
fig. 2. ( 1773.) 

The head is large and prominent, well advanced before the prothoricic parts. 
The labial palpi are sufficiently prom tu en t, advanced as far as the wide ely pens, 
whioh is thickly covered with short hair. The antennie are m-«lerate; hi-pecti- 
□ate in both sexes to their tips, glabrous, testaceous. The pectinations are but 
little shorter in the female than in the roale.clothed with fine and veryshort ciliie 
in both sexes. Wings ample; primaries falcate, more than twice as long as the 
body. Kervules short; Gr^it s. c. at base approximate to second, the latter ar- 
cuate at bdse and throwing off the third s. c. at one-third of its length, the latter 
nearly straighl. viTy slightly inversely arcuate. First median nervule promi- 
nently arcuate ; second median straight, the interspace wide. Discal space 
large. Subcostal nervure basally straight. Secondaries long, ovate, their in- 
ternal margin more than twice as long as the abdomen ; costal margin short; 
external margin long and oblique, very slightly rounded. 

The immature stages of Samia Cynthia afford good ttisfinetional characters 
when compared with those of Platytania ; these nearly ally the genus to Callo- 
aamia. The cocoon resembles that of Oillomnia in shape,thoughof a softer and 
looser texture. In making it, the larva fixes it incompletely to the branch 
above by an extension, wrapping a leaf around the cocoon itself, in both of 
these actions recalling the habit of Cjllosamia promcihea. 

The genua Attacua, Linn., should be restricted to A, Atla^ and certain more 
recently described species under the genus, such apparently asAttacus Hopfferi 

8. l^ntkia has, I believe, been taken in the vicinity of Philadelphia, uniler cir- 
tumilancBSwhich warrant a belief in the possibility of its aeclimatizatioQ with us. 

FLATT8A1UA, nov. gen. 
The clypeus, which is narrower than in Samia, and broader than in Catlosa- 
mta, is clothed with longer hair, which depends downward, hiding the very 
small labial palpi, still further hidden by an Inferior long tuftof hair. Maiillie 
wanting. Head small and sunken in the prothoracic parts. The antennie are 
long and strongly bi-pectinate. In the male the pectinations are fall twice as 
tongas in the female, and densely ciliated. Mcaothorax broad and stout, longly 
and loosely haired. Abdomen stout, and heavier and longer than in Samia. 
Wings broad and ample; primaries hardly falcate, since there is a very slight 

Servules long and arcuate ^ third b. o. arcuate, (thus opposed to Samia) so also 
the second median nurvule. Discal space centrally narrower than in Samiai 
Bub-costal nervure bent downwardly at base. Becoadaries broad and ample; 
external margin rounded; anal angle leas promiacnt than in either Sania or 


1865.] 229 

tnOBt numerous in species, though the typical genus Arrtta, is wanting. 
Sp'losoma has a representative species in S.jumeex, the specific cha- 
racters of which are, however, extremely slight when compared with our 
Northern S. inrffinicaf and comjiarisons between a greater number of 

FtatTiamis EeoropiA. 

Phalxna (AUacui) cerropia, L'lan., Syst. Nal. (1768) eto. 

Coll. Ent. Sou. Philad. 
FUtyiunia MlnnbU, Smith. 

Samia salumbia, Bmilh, Prac.BoBt.Boc. N. H. Vol. IZ, p. 343. jMiirch, 1865.) 

Coll. Mrs. a. W. Bridgham, New Yort. 
FlatTsami* taJIforiilca, n. s, 

% ind 9' Smaller than F. cecropla. Priraaries red dish -brown, shaded sub- 
terminallj with a, brighter, plum -colored tinge, with no grey shades whatever. 
A hroad. basal, white, arcuated band, running fVom internal margin, at extreme 
base, to just below the costs at baas.1 fourth, narrowly lined outwardly with dark 
scales. Bev«nd the disc a moderate, whitish, eub-luniform spot, shaded with 
buff. A nearly straight, subterminal, whitish band, narrower than the basal 
band, lined outwardly with dark snales. Subt«rminal space with a brighter, 
somewhat peach-colored shade, which becomes leas distinct outwardly. As in 
F. eeeropia the apical iatersjiane has a W-shaped pale mark preceded by lilac 
scales. Bi'Iow, in (he postapieal interapace, is a black ocellus, margined with 
a blue an nulua, obsolete outwardly. Terminal spaco dull pale waod-color, much 
the same shade as in F, cerropia, but nairower. The terminal line is narrow 
and but slightly waved. 

Secondaries resembling primaries in coloration. A few whitish scales at ex- 
trem! b<ise. A larger, similarly colored eub-luniform spot to that on the pri- 
maries, which is produced so as nearly to attain to the outer transverse white 
band, which latter matehea that on the anterior wings. Under surface darker, 
but resembling upper surface in ornamentation; secondaries with awhile patch 
at babe on costa. 

Head, eaputal appendages, thorax and abdomen reddish -brown, very nearly 
concolorous with wings. " Collar" entirely white. Abdomen with long white 
hair, fringing the segments posteriorly, very distinct in the female; in the 
male the bauds are more confused. The sexes resemble each other. 

Exp. %, S.^<5iQch. $, 4.2S inches. Length of body, % I. ID, 9 1.86 inchea. 

.FaA/M.— California (San Francisco). Mr. J. Akhursl, Mrs. 8. W. Bridgham. 

The California species shares the structural features of P. cecropia. The neu- 
ration, shape of the wings, and the pattern of the ornamentatioli will readily 
distinguish this species from 9 Calloiamia promethta, which, in size and colora- 
tion. F. California somewhat resembles. 

It is not impossible that this species may be "Saturnia EmyaW' Boisd; if so, 
this latter name cannot obtain, since it has not, as far as I am aware, been sanc- 
tioned by any description. 


230 [Decxmber 

indiTiduals thaa I have had access to need to be inetituteil, to perfectly 
establish the Cubaa species as distinct, t, position, however, which I 
have assumed in the present paper. I describe two species of Ororota, 
which differ in their larger size from the United States species, while 
structurally, I find no difference. A comparison of the Cuban speci- 
mens of L'tetheUa, with those from the United States, has led me to 
unite U. bella. If. ornatrix, and V. sper.ioga, as forms of one variable 
species. With this single exception, the Cuban Bonibycidw are speci- 
fically distinct from those of the United States. The American Tropi- 
cal genus Ammalo has a representative species in Ammalo impunctus, 
m., which seems to me distinct fram the South American Ammalo 
helopi, Cramer, sp. Erpantheria baa its representative species in E. 
albicornin, m.; when we consider the limited representation that this 
genus affords in the United States, and the very numerous South Ame- 
rican, Mexican and West Indian species already noticed by authors, we 
shall agree that it is properly a Tropical genus, and thus the presence 
of a distinct species, as I believe in Cuba, from one in Jamaica, assists 
our oonclusions that the different Islands composing the West Indies 
form different Faunal Provinces with the general features of a Fauna! 
District in common. The genua HidUidota appears in Cuba in con- 
junction with allied forms which indicate its position with greater 
clearness, since, in our Fauna, it rather sharply contrasts with the 
genera with which we are led to associate it. It is very interesting 
as affording a representative species of H. testellaris, and one that has 
been hitherto confounded with Sir J. E. Smith's species, though beau- 
tifully and very amply distinct from it. I have named tbis species 
ffaluidola cinctipea, from the neatly banded legs, which afford a ready 
character as opposed to ff. tetsellaris. It is interesting to find a spe- 
cies of Perophora in Cuba, differing strongly from P. MeUketmerii; 
as far as I can judge, the species of Perophora offer marked differences 
of shape and structure among themselves, so that we have not to de- 
pend entirely upon coloration, or size, in discriminating between the 
species. An analagous character is offered by the Ceratocampid genus 
Anisota, The genus Cydoaia Westw., which I refer to the Lithoninx, 
is one of those which "appear to unite" the sub-family with the Tine- 
ites. Another genus has been described by Dr. Clemens under the 
name of Pxciioptera, Specimens of P. comptn, Clem., occurred to me 
in St. Louis, Mo., but unfortunately they have been mislaid, and I 
cannot compare tbem with C. nobUilella. Under the impression that 
they constitute a distinct genus, aided by Dr. Clemens' elaborate generic 


1865.] 231 

description, I propose for our geous the generic term OCta, that of 
Ptxiyilnpfera being already pre-occupied in luseota. Our species wH] 
thus be known as CEla com/ita. Under the number 821, Prof. Poey 
sends a speciiueu of a rery brilliant little species, which offers mnch 
casual resemblance to Ci/dotia and (Eta; the character of the head 
and the neuration of the secondaries, induce me to refer it to the 

I have not cited the MSS. determinations of Prof. Poey in this Paper, 
but contented myself with giving the nunibers of the MSS. Catalogue, 
as in my Paper on the Cuban Sphingidse, nod for pretty much the 
same reasons. But nine of the species are determined. Six of these — 
Nos. 207, "Lithosiabella;" 613, " Dejopeia nobilitata;" 175, "Oiketi- 
cus Poeyi ;" 79, " Euproctis nrgentiflua;" 112, "Arctia jussieeee;" 511, 
" Erithales guacolda," — received specific names which, with an unim> 
portant change in one instance, I hare adopted. The retnaioiog three 
are Nos. 16(i, " Lithosia tessellaria" {Hfilindota einctijiei, m.); 191, 
"Ecpanlheriascribonia" (Kcpantkeria afti'ruiTiia, m.),and 187, "Bom- 
bys Helops" {Ammalo impunehis, m). The rest are undetermined. 

The specimens aro sometimes in good condition, but of certain spe- 
cies I am unable to give perfectly complete descriptions on account of 
the faded or defective state of (he material. I think that in no instance, 
however, has this interfered with the intelligibility of the descriptions. 
It is to be hoped that the Society will receive further material of some 
of the species, so that we may become better acquainted with them. 
I express this desire in particulurwith regard to P»i/choiioctua pertonalu, 
Sj/menopff/ike iHoracicwnx and JTi/Zevtei piger. The former genus is 
very interesting if we accept the hypothesis which I here adopt, that 
the£ and 9 specimens are correctly associated. In this genus the struc- 
tural characters are so opposed in the two sexes, that these would not be 
referred to the same genus, if considered singly. The coloration alone 
appears to unite the specimens. The oral and pterogoatic structure of 
the % , induce me to refer it to that anomalousBub-family, the PsychidsB, 
where great sexual differences are, indeed, not unusual. The discovery 
of the immature stages of this genua cannot fail to be attended with 
great interest. We are frequently deceived by the appearance * of in- 

■ I would not be undentood oa difTeritig from the stricturea that Bctentigta 
have passed upon Dr. Emmone' State work ou Insects, but it eeemi to me that 
the reason that Crtiaonia juglandis is therein detarmiDed as " Bombjx " — aod 
Paasalua cornutua as " Scaritea " — is, that thej look like it. And this illuatrates 
the point. 


232 [December 

Beot§, which is at times at TSriance with their structure, eo that both 
and together must be studied, to determioe properly their classificatorj 
position. The failure, at times, to do this, seems to me the only fuult 
of Hiibner in his '' VerEeiohDisa." At first sight, the grej color and 
proportions of Pigchojuiclua would lead us to consider it as belooging 
to the Noctuida. 

Sub-Family, LITHOSIIN^iE. 
CTTOBirS. DOT. gen. 
Allied to Crocola, Hiibner. Head large and prominent. "Front" 
broad. Antennte short and stout, tapering to the tips, biserrate. 
Winga broad. Anterior wings rounded at the apices and alonjc exter- 
nal margin. Posterior wings ample, rounded at costal angle and along 
external margin. Abdomen short, not as long as the secondaries. Tho- 
racic parts well developed ; prothoraoic pieces broad. Labial palpi fles- 
uous; terminal joints somewhat depressed, exceeding the front. This 
genus differs from Crninla in the wider clypeus, more prominent eyes, 
shorter, stouter and serrated antennsSj and in the rounded apices of the 

Ojtami latu, n. sp. (Plate 4, fig. 1,^.) 

Primaries fermgioous-tawny, with irregular shades. A prominent 
broad white basal streak extends for one-fourth the length of the wing 
longitudinally below the median nervure. Secondaries pale reddish- 
luteouB, contracted, in their much paler color, with the dark primaries; 
entirely immaculate. 

Under surface of both pair, immaculate. The primaries are covered 
with brighter, more reddish scales than their upper surface ; secoDda' 
lies paler, ooncolorous with their upper surface. Head, caputal append- 
ages and thorax, immaculate, nearly concolorous with primaries above. 
Abdomeo somewhat paler than thorax, without markings. Two speci- 
mena. Exp. % , 1.00 inch. Length of body .40 inch. 

Habitat.— CahsL, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 474, Poey'i MSS. Cutalngue. 

OBOCOTA, Hubner. 
Oioaote kuoi, n. s. (FUt« 4, fig. 2, ; .) 

Size large. Palpi moderately exceeding the "front;" a ntenaie slen- 
der and rather long. Tawny fulvous. Anterior wings. straight along 
internal margin; costal margin arcuated, depressed at apex; external 
margin very moderately oblique, nearly straight. Squaumation ob- 
scure tawny fulvous, presenting dark rejections from the discal spot 


1865.] 288 

and sub-basal ban J of the under surface. Except a basal, longitudiDal, 
vbitUh streak, bordered finely by dark acalee, the anterior wiogs show 
no distloct markings of any kind. Posterior wings fulvous, wilh a red- 
dish tinge, which latter obtains principally at the apices and along ter- 
minal margin, and with distinct, black, interrupted faacise. A conti- 
nued, angulated, broad, black sub-ba«tl band, not attaining costa. 
Beyond, a wide, sub-luniform, black discal spot. A sub-terminal, broken, 
macular, black band. 

Under surface fulTons, with a. reddish tinge on both pair. Primaries 
with a broad, sub-basal, transverse band, a large black disoal spot, and 
an obsolete, sub-terminal series of black dots. Ou the secondaries the 
markings of the upper surface are exactly re-produced. 

Caputal and thoracic 3quammation,unicoloraus with primaries; former 
with a faint reddish tinge. Abdomeo, paler, obsoletely marked with 
blackish on the segmenia above. Legs, finely scaled, with a faint grey- 
ish shade on the tarsi; inwardly the tibiee and femora are clothed with 
reddish fulvous squammation. Ksp. y , 1.25 inch. Length of body, 
0.45 inch. 

nalilat.-~Caha, (Poey.") Coll. Ent. Soc, Philad. 

(fumher 1024, Poey's MSS. Catalogue. 
Crocota diaparilii, n. s. 

Palpi rather stout, moderately exceeding the "front," depressed; 
antennEe moderate, shorter than in C. Iteroa. Anterior wings straight 
along internal margin ; costal margin arcuate, depressed at apex, which 
latter is determinate, the external margin sloping away from it inwardly, 
thence outwardly rounded to internal angle. Upper surface of prima- 
ries rich, intense brown, with whitish, unequal maculations; one of 
these latter at extreme base, one on the disc, beneath this last is a third, 
the largest and most prominent. A fourth is placed subcoatally before 
the terminal space. These spots are variable, and hardly afford a spe- 
cific character, except in a general sense. The terminal space is paler 
than the rest of the wing, and neatly defined, Posterior wings bright 
fulvoQS, resembling closely those of C. heros, m., shaded with reddish 
and fasciated with black. A broad angulated basal band, beyond which, 
a broad black discal spot; a sub-terminal interrupted macular band. 

Under surface of anterior wings dusky, evenly covered with reddish 
eoalea; a broad, black, transverse, sub-basal hand, bordered with a pale 
shade; a reduced black discal spot; sub-terminally an obsolete series 
of blackish points. Under surface of secondaries exactly re-producing 
the markings of the upper snrface. 


234 [Deozhbeb 

Head and thoracic parta above, rich, dark brown, concolorous with 
primaries. Abdomeo, fulvous, witb indeterminate dark markinga on 
the segineDts above. Iiega at base and basal palpi joints, clothed with 
reddish scales. Three specimens agree perfectly, escept that the sub- 
terminal spot on tbe upper anrface of primaries is absent in a single 
specimen. Exp. 9 1.15 inch. Length of body, 0.40 inch. 

^.ifciVa^— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soe. Pbilad. 

Number 227, Poej/'i MSS. Catalogue. 

Resembles C. guiaaria Grote, (of which species I regard C. choroina 
Reakirt, as a synonym) but is sufficiently distinguished by ita larger 
size, the less oblique external margin of tbe primaries and their very 
differaat coloration, as well as the ornamentation of the secondaries 
which curiously resemble those of C. herot, m., a species otherwise 
quite distinct. 

niEIUEISA, Habner. 
trtaOieisa bella. 

Tinta bella, Linn., Bfst. Nat. p. 885. (ITST.) 
Noctua omatrix, Linn., Byst. Nut p. 83». (ITBT.) 

belta, Drurj, Exot, Vol. ], p. 61, Plate 24, fig. 3. (1770.) 

WTiairix, Drury, Eiot. Vol. 1, p. SI, Plate 24, fig. 2. (1770.) 

Bombi/x be/la, Fabrlciua, SysL Ent. p. 58i. (IT75.) 

Bombi^x omatrix, FabriciuB, Syst Ent p. 586. (1775.) 

PhaliCM bella, Cramsr, Eitot Vol. 2, p. 20, Plate 109, fij. C— C. (1779.) 

Fhalarui omalrix, Cramer, Eiot. Vol. 2, pp. 107—108, PlaU 186, figa. C, D, F. 

Bonbyx bella, Fabr., 8p. Ina. Vol. 2, p. 203. (1T81.) 
Bombt^x omatrix, Fabr., Sp. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 203. (1781.) 
Bombi/x beUa, Fabr., Mant. Ins. Vol. 2, p. 131. (1787.) 
Sonibi/x omatrix, Fabr., Mant. Ina. Vol, 2, p. 131. (1787.) 
Somijr bella, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Vol, 3, p. 479. (17B3.) 
Bomiyx omatrix, Fabr., Ent, Byat. Vol. 3, p. 47S. (1783.) 
Uietheiaa bella, Hubner, Ven. achiuett. p. 188. (1816.) 
Uiellie»ia omatrix, Hubner, Vert Sohmett, p. 188. (1816.) 
Uihetheisa omatnx, Hilbn., Samm. Eiot. 8chm. Vol. 2, Lap. 3, Phal 2, Ver, 4. 

Deiopeia bella, Weatw. Ed. Drory, Vol. 1, p. 46, PI. 2*, flg. 3. (1BS7.) 
Dewptia omatrix, Wegtw. Ed. Drury, Vol. 1, p. 40, Fl. 24, fig. 2. (1837.) 
Deioptia bella, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. PL 8, p. 568. (1854.) 
Deiopeia omatrix, Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Pt. 8, p. 567. (1854.) 
Deiopeia speeioaa. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. PI. 8, p. S68. (1854.) 
Deiopeia bella, Morris, Bya. Lep. N. A. p. 251, App. p. 313, (1860.) 
Deiopeia bella, Harris, Ina. Inj. Veg. new ed. p. 342, Fl. 6, flg. 3. (1B62.) 
UUthei»a bella, Pack., Byn. U. S. Bomb. Proo. EnL Boc. Phil. p. lOS. (1864.) 

I believe that Fabricius' question is regard to (/. ornatrix, " An satis 
distincta a B. bella?" will have to be answered in the negative. I 
have before me thirteen Cuban specimens (% and $ ) of (^. beUa from 


1865.] 285 

Prof. Poey'e collection, which show an extent of vsTiation that leaves 
no doubt on my mind that U. omatrix is merely a form of that speeies. 
To a gpecitnen which actually corresponds with the figures of U. oma- 
trix of Drury, Cramer and Hiibner, and which I have also received 
from the West Indies, there is a perfect gradation of obsoleseence in 
the markings of the upper surlace of the primaries, from the typical 
form described under the specific name of bella, by Linnsena. The 
first specimen above U. omafrix, eihibita one or two disconnected dots 
of the transverse macular bands of U. bella; in this specimen the pos- 
terior wings correspond esactlywith the figures and with the specimen 
of U. orttatrix, which I have before me. The markings of the posterior 
wings are so variable that no specific character can be drawn from their 
ornamentation. From a epecinien in which these are largely taken up 
with black bands and markings, to one entirely pink, with no black, 
except a narrow broken terminal line, there exist all sorts of variation, 
too numerous to describe, but sufficiently ta be understood by the two 
extremes. The under surface presents no specific characters by which 
the two species might be separated, neither do the caputal, thoracic and 
abdominal parts. I seem, therefore, authorized to unite these two spe- 
cies, while I am not decided as to the value to be acceded to the form 
hitherto known as X7. ornatrix; intermediary individuals will probably 
prove as plentiful as either form, and it is perhaps better to consider 
them all as constituting one variable species which may retain the name 
of Utetheiia bella. I am doubtful that Deiopeia upectosa Walker, is dis- 
tinct from the present species. The description in the C. B. M. is in- 
sufficient to separate the species frOTu D. bella; indeed it corresponds 
accuratelywith the specimens of 2>.ie//a from Cuba, in which the usually 
orange-colored primaries are more or less red or pink. With regard to 
Ke(Aci»a(^)o'area,(Deiopeiaaurea Fitch}supposIng Dr. Fifch's generic 
reference to he correct, I must consider it to be a distinct species, having 
seen no approximation to the description in the specimens of U. bella 
that I have hitherto examined, while its smaller size indicates its spe- 
cific distinctiveness, since i^. bella is remarkably constant in alar ex- 
panse. I refer to some interesting remarks on the variability of U. 
heUa, by Dr. Packard, in his paper on the Bombycidss of the United 
States, and briefly mention here an extraordinary accidental variety 
Thich I find among Prof Poey's specimens. This is a female speci- 
men in which the anterior wings display the normal ornamentation of 
U. bella, though the ground color is red, (/>. tpedoM Walker) not 
orange-yellow, but the secondaries are sub-hyaline with pale testaceous 


236 [Decehbeb 

delicate sqnammation, while the nervoles are diS'usedly covered with 
pink scales, the latter color obtaining on the coata and along internal 

Babitat—Cab&, (Poey) Coll. Ent. Soc. Phtlad. 
Number 207, Poty't MSS. Cataiogm. 

CTD08U, Westvood. 
Ojdoai^ nobiUtolla. 

Tinea nobilitella, Cramer, Exot. Vol. 3, p. 128, PI. S64, fig. G. (1782.) 
Crameria nobilis, HUbner, Verz. Schm. p. 188. (1818.) 
Qrtfosio nobiHIella, Weatw., " Nat, Libr. PI. 24, fig. 2." 
C^ofia nobilitella, Walker, C. B. M. Lep, Pt. 2, p. 624. (1854.) 

A specimen from Rio Janeiro in the Society's Collection does not 
differ from the Cuban, except that the larj^er white maculations in the 
terminal space of the anterior wings are comparatively reduced in size. 
The type of Hiibner'a genus Crameria, haa been removed to ^jocera 
by Boisduval and made the type of Cliarilina by Mr, Walker, Exp. 
9 , 1,25 inch. Length of body, .50 inch. 

Habitat. ~-G\i\>&, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 613, Poey't MSS. Catalogue. 

Sub-Family, ARCTIID^. 

AMMALO, Walker. 
Ammala impunctni, nov. sp. 

% . ReddtBb-ochraceous, with a slight pale stone-colored reflection. 
Anterior wings without distinct markings; a prominent longitudinal 
diacal fold. A [uniform pale reddish spot beyond the diacal cell; two 
aeries of similar colored, irregular spots between tho nervules in the 
terminal space, the upper series parallel with the margin, the lower (in 
which ihe first maculatiou is situate in the interspace between the se- 
cond and third inferior nervoles) is inversely oblique, the first macula- 
tion situate within the last of the first series, and the last immediately 
in the margin above internal angle. The»e maculations are normally 
six in number, three in each series, are faint and hardly disturb the 
anicolorousness which the wings present. Thewhole wing is indistinctly 
marbled with darker shade streaks; fringes short, darker colored. Be- 
neath, the eoatje are stoue -colored, and tho entire sarfaoe covered with 
pale reddiah-ochraceous scales, faintly reflecting the ornamentation of 
the upper surface ; at base, below oosta, some longer, brighter colored 
scales. Posterior wings, pale reddiah-ochraceous, immaculate, thinly 
clothed with scales, unicoloroua, since nowhere is the coloration per- 
ceptibly deepened; fringes, short, darker colored. Antennie long, 


1865.] 23Y 

deDsely and evenly pectinated; the elender pectinations are long, and 
gradually aad slightly decrease to the tips. Head reddish -ochraceons, 
impunctate. "Collar" with a slight atone-colored or ohscure alaty- 
brownish sl/ade, impunctate. Te^lee reddish-ochraceous, frioged in- 
wardly with dull brownish hairs. Thoracic disc, browoish. Abdomen 
pale dull reddish-ochraceous, with fine, distinct, very dark brown bands 
above ; the first and second basal, not continued across ; longer sub-tufts 
of hair clothe the abdomen above at base and extend over the first and 
second segmentary bands, thus rendering them incomplete. Palpi, 
prominent, exceeding the front, third article conical, finely scaled, basal 
articles clothed with rather bright reddish longer scales. Under tho- 
racic parts, clothed with rather bright reddish squammation. Tongae, 
long, testaceous. Legs, with minute spurs on the middle and hind 
tibijB, well developed ; femora clothed with rather bright reddish squam- 
mation ; tibfe and tarsi pale brownish. 

9 . Besembles the male. The markings on the upper surface of an- 
terior wings are more obscured ; the luniform spot beyond the dieo is 
obsolete. Antennae, longer than in the male, with very short and fine 
pectinations. Esp. £ , 3.00 inch. Length of body, 1.10 inch. Esp. 
2 , 3.30 inch. Length of body, 1.20 inch. 

HahilaL—CMhsi, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. PhOad. 

JVumber 187, Po>'y-» MSS. Cataloyue. 

From the character of Cramer's figure of Ammalo Helops, from Su- 
rinam, I csn relyupon the following difierences which seem to separate 
the two allied species. The vertex, tegulce and base of the anterior 
win^ show very distinct, large, black dots in A. I{eiop», which are en- 
tirely wanting in A. impunctua, m. The pre-basal abdominal bands are 
carried entirely across; the posterior wings are much darker and 
brighter, the markings of the upper surface of anterior wings are quite 
different in detail, while the two species are very similar in general 
coloration. This species shares the characters laid down for the genus 
by Mr. Walker, but the antennee are more plumose in the $ than indi- 
cated in the diagnosis; the discal fold, prolonged beyond the cell, is 
very distinct; the abdomen extends a little beyond the secondaries; 
the genital structure is quite concealed. The typical species of Hub- 
ner's genus Fdochgta are genericallj distinct from A. llelops, which 
he associated with them. According to Cramer, the % antennae of A. 
Helops are " plumac^s," agreeing with % A. ■mipunctvs, m., while those 
of the 2 are "filifbrmes" as, indeed, they are represented in the Plate, 
where they are shorter, slenderer and darker colored than those of 5 A. 


238 [Decrmber 

impuneltu. These organs ia % ^ A. impvnetut, are dark testsceoni!, 
not bicolorous, as are thoee of A. /ervidua Walk., as iadieated by the 
description of the latter in the British Museum Liete, while generally, 
the differences presented by Mr. Walker's description of his species 
(of which the habitat ia unknown), ore too great to allow of its being 
united with the Cuban species I have just described. 

BFILOMIU, 8l«[>)ieD>. 
tpiloioma juiilBB. 

Arctia jussiaa, Poev. Cent. Lepidop. de I'iile de Cuba. (1932.) 
Spiloioma jva»iaa, Walker. C. B. M. Lep. Ft. 8, p. 879. (1B&4.) 
SprhaomaJutsuBr, Clem., Proc. Acad. N. Bci. Phil. p. S32. (1860.) 
Very nearly allied to Spilusoma eirginica, and I have great difficulty 
in separating it from its Northern ally, nevertheless I believe it to be 
a distinct and representative species. The chamctcre assigned to it by 
Prof. Poey will not separate it from S. virginica ; I record the follow- 
ing differences which I regard as of specific value. The under surface 
of the antennal stem is paler ( £ and 9 ) in S.Jussieea, this is bkckiab 
in S. virginiea. The terminal palpal joints seem stouter aud are paler 
in S.jvttixK, in which the fore femora and coxae are not so distinctly 
maculate. There are no terminal spots ou the under surface of the 
secondaries in the Cuban specimens. With the exception that the pri- 
maries above seem not so purely white, and that the internal angle 
seems slightly more rounded, I see no further differences, while the 
Cuban species is a little smaller sized. I am sure, that unless very 
critical discrimination is exercised, the two species will be readily 
confounded. This species seems strictly a representative one, while 
the course pursued by some naturalists with regard to such species,* in 
considering them as geographical varieties, is, I think, incorrect. The 
specific element will probably preserve these external characters and 
prevent them from becoming evanescent. I am not asserting that my 
discriminations between the species at present nnder consideration are 
absolute, but if the paler antennal under surface of S. juMieem, is a con- 
stant character as opposed to the equally constant blackish coloration 
of the same part in S. vin/inrca, I believe that the specific element is 
as well preserved through this eiternal manifestation as if one were 
banded with all possible shades of colorational distinction. Four 
(i t 9 9 ) spceimens of S. jvsgixee examined. Exp. % and 9 , 1.70 
to 1.80 inch. Length of body, 0.60 to 0.75 inch. 
Sabital.—Cnha,, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Pbilad. 
dumber 112, iVy'« MSS. Catalogue. ' 


1865.] 239 

BoputliBria tlbiwrnti, n. b. (Plate 4, fig. 4, 9 .) 

The GubaD species is readily dislibgniahed from E. tcribania Hiib. 
by its smaller size, white antennn and the shape of the % posterior 
wioga, since these are but slightly produced at anal angle, being similar 
to those of the 9 in this respeeh These characters, either singly or 
together, will equally separ*e E. albicomis, from the species described 
by Mr. Walker/in the Sritish Museam Lists, with the the exception of 
E. nmplex Walker, which is from a different locality, and in which 
the abdomen is said to be "orange above, white at the tip, with brown 
and whit« bands at the base, and with a row of blue spots along each 
side." Hence the species differs markedly from the Cuban species in 
which the abdomen is cyaneous above, with narrow bands, and resem- 
bling somewhat that of E. scribonia. 

Head, clothed with white scales between the anteante and behind, 
immaculate. Lower clypeal surface, beneath the antennal insertion, 
covered with pale blackish scales. Palpi, clothed with pale blackish 
scales. AntennSB, entirely white above, from the base to the tips; be- 
neath, the articular appendages, in both sexes, are pale brownish. 
"Collar" white, with two sublateral, approximate, brownish annul). 
Patagia, white; an incomplete anuulus in front, which is generally 
joined on the inner mai^n to a second, larger and occupying the pos- 
terior half of the tegulte. Normally there are six irregularly shaped 
annuli on the thoracic disc, which latter is white. Abdomen dark cy- 
aneoas-blue above, with brownish and whitish basal hairs. The sub- 
basal and median segments narrowly banded with yellow anteriorly. 
Sometimes these yellow bands are sub-obsolete, the yellow hairs being 
gathered dorsally into determinate maculationa. Anal segments, entirely 
cyaneous; anus clothed with dark brownish or pale blackish halts. 
Beneath, white, sometimes with a few brownish scales. Thoracic parts 
beneath, with mixed whitish and brownish burs; legs white, all the 
femora, tibise and tarsi, spotted with brownish. 

Wings, whitish ; anterior pair crossed by six bands of unequal brown- 
ish annuli, the fourth, from the base of the wing, broken beyond the 
disc, where a few additional annuli are variously clustered. The pos- 
terior wings are more thinly covered with scales; costal marks distinct, 
and there is generally a short terminal series of brownish marks below 
costal angle, within which sometimes a series of brownish annuli, more 
or less filled in with dark scales. In the male this inner band is some- 
times wanting, when the wings are destitute of markings, except those 
00 the costa and terminally below costal angle. The anal angle is but' 


240 [DecEHBXB 

sli°:htly prodnced in either ses. The hind wings vary slightly in all 
the specimeDS of either sei that I have before me, and sometimes C 7 ) 
the wing is traversed by four uodulate, aonalate bands. Soiuetiiues 
(£ ) the thoracic anDuli are filled in. Sis specimens (%%%l99) 
eKamincd. Esp. % , 1.40 to l.TO inch; ? , 2.00 inch. Length of 
body, 12 5, 0-70 to 0.80 inch. ' ^ 

Habitat.— CvLhn, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 191, Foe/g JtiSS. Catalogue. 

BUFSETDOBOKA, nov. gen. 

% . Frimarieii large, triangulate, apices produced. Costa very 
straight; external margin oblique; iDternal angle rounded, iui promi- 
nent; internal margin short. Costal margin twice as long as internal 
margin. Xervules straight; discal cell open. First, second and third 
m. nervnies springing very nearly from one point; fourth, not greatly 
removed from the third. Sub-median nervure bent upwards beyond 
its middle towards fourth m. nervule, hence the course of this nervure 
in Eupteudosoma is opposed to that in Spilosoma. Secondaries re- 
duced, somewhat quadra ngul a te ; costal margin roundedly convex; 
external margin straight. (The neuration is undistingaishablej owing 
to the condition of the specimen.) Body, Btont, finely scaled. The 
squHmmatinn is close and short. Head, prominent; eyes, large; epicra- 
nium broad behind. Prothoracic parta rounded towards the caputal 
base, well advanced before the insertion of the primaries. Thorax, glo- 
bose and elevated. Abdomen, stout, closely scaled, exceeding the secon- 
daries. The anal segment is wanting in the single specimen I have 
before me. Maxillfe moderate; labial palpi finely scaled, not exceed- 
ing the " front ; " legs rather stout, finely scaled, provided with minute 
spurs. An(«nnse long, bi-serrate, tapering to the tips, the serrations 
short, acute and rather distant. 

This genus is allied to Idalus Walker, with the given characters of 
which, the single species very nearly agrees, but on comparing niy spe- 
cies with the figures of Idalus admirahilis, I do not believe that, though 
allied, the two species are congenerical. 
EapMiido*oma nivmiin, tnihi. 

? Charicleal niuea, Herrioh-Sohffiffer, Lap. Ezot.%.2TB, J . (1860-18S8.) 

Wings, white. Primaries closely and sparsely covered with a uni- 
form white squummation; a very few scattered dark scales. Deneuth, 
beyond basal third, a few scarlet scales on internal margin. Seconda- 
ries white, sparsely scaled; a few longer scarlet hairs within internal 
margin. Beneath, white, immaculate. Thoracic region above, whitish. 


1865.] 241 

with a very few scnttered dark scales. Hea<l, with two fnintly blackish 
spots, faintly yellowish between the antennie; thoracic and abdominal 
Burfikce beneath, finely scaled, whitish. Abdomen above, scarlet, with 
a dorsal, whitish, interrupted line. Jjegs, whitish; outer surface of 
middle and posterior tarsi and tibiae, pale brownish. 

I find DO description or locality for the species in Herrich-SchteSer's 

Eip. % , 1.40 inch. Length of body, 1.70 inch. 

ffahitat.—Cnha, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 845, roe/i MSS. Catalogue. 

BOBIHBONIA, dot. gen. 

Allied to ITafisidofa in the shape of the wings, but difiering by their 
close squammation, and otherwise structurally throughout. Antennse 
shorter in the male, with very long and slender pectinntions, arranged 
on both sides of the anieanal stem and converging inwardly at their 
tips. In the female the ant«Dnse are simple ti) the naked eye, but in 
reality each joint is provided with lateral, tufts of rigid scales. Head, 
small ; clypeus, narrow, as ia especially the epicranium, compared with 
Baliaidota. Maxilla; abort. Labial palpi short, third aitlcle short, 
exceeding the front. Primaries narrow; external margin very oblique; 
internal margin short. The median nervules are nearer together at 
at base than in Halaidota, especially the fourth. Secondaries reduced, 
smaller than in Halaidota. But three median nervules. Abdomen 
slight, not prominently exceeding the secondaries. T^egs finely scaled. 

This genus should apparently fall in between Erpantheria and Halt- 

Boliuonla tOnnvIs, n. i. (Plate i, fig. 3, ^ .) 

Sand 9 White. Primaries white, with broad, pale brown, distinct 
bands. Oue along costs widening at apical third, diminishing thence 
to apex; one along external margin, continued without interruption 
along internal margin to base. An equally wide, slightly sinuate band 
tuns obliquely across the wing, emanating from the costal band at basal 
third, sod joining the external marginal band above internal angle. 
Sometimes this diagonal band is connected with that on the internal 
margin, beyond its middle, by accessory brown scales. 

Secondaries, white, immaculate. Under surface, resembling upper. 
Head, yellowish-white on the "front" and above, between theantennee. 
Prothoracic pieces, white, edged with brown hairs. Disc of the thorax, 
brown,with some whitish hairs posteriorly. Tcgul», white, edged with 
brown scales. Abdomen, brown ish-oinereous, darker in the male than 


212 [Decehbee 

in tbe feiDale) beneath, with the lej^, paler. Anterior tibin, brownish 
outwardly. Three (% ? ?) Bpecimens. Exp. I and 9, 1.45 inch. 
Length of body, % and 7 , 0.60 inch. 

ffii6d«(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc, Philad. 

Number 162, Pofg's MSS. Oatnlogue. 

I have named this prettj genus after my friend, tbe Entomolc^iHt, 
Coleman T. Robinson, Esq., of New York City. 

KAUBIOOIA, Hikboer. 
Balliidota elnetlp*!, n. g. 

Nearly allied to Halmtfota te»sellarit Hilb., but beautifully distinct, 
and readily distinguished by the general darker color, tbe wider, darker 
and more distinctly mai^ined bands on tbe primaries, tbe darker an- 
teoneeand palpi, and the distioctly banded lege. Tbe specimens de- 
scribed by Mr. Walker as J{. tesnel/arit, beloDij to this species which 
extends into Mexico sod probably occurs througbont South America. 

Pale brownish testaceous — Halitidola tegsellaru is yellowish testace- 
ous — bead, lai^^er than in its ally, in the 9 tbe lower clypeal half, be- 
neath the aDtennal insertion , is brownish. Terminal palpal joints, black- 
ish, longer, and the entire palpus more prominent than in HalU'tdott 
temellarii, lower joints banded with blackish, and with ocbraceous scales 
on their outward surface. In the 9 1 the palpi arealmost entirely black- 
ish, narrowly interrupted with ochraoeouBon their outward surface. Tho- 
racic surface, brownish-t«staceous; tegulse, bordered inwardly with dark 
dull olivaceous hairs ; disc of the thorax with a longitudinal greenish 
stripe. Tbe " green " color is darker and more obscure than in H. teg- 
lellaris, &iid is not equally distinct in all tbe specimens I have. Abdo- 
men, ochraceous, anal segments brownish, thus differing in the latter 
character from H. teuellaru. Beneath, whitish clay-color, without the 
yellowish shade on the under thoracic parts which characterisea its ally. 
Legs, very distinctly banded with brown bands, analagoua to those on 
primaries, with distinct margins. Femora, tibise and tarsi, all banded. 

Anterior wings, dull pale brownish-testaceous, tra»ersed by five gemi- 
nate brown lines as in B. lessellariM, while tbe spaces enclosed by 
these lines are covered with darker scules tbao in its ally, being 
strongly filled in on costa. The reniform, bis-annulate spot, at the 
outer extremity of the discal cell, is disconnected from the costal spot 
above it, and is filled in with dark scales. 

Secondaries, darker than in//. tesseRaris; apices with 1 distinct ter- 
minate mark. Exp. £ , 1.60, 9 2.03 to 2.20 inch. Leogth of body, 
% , 0.60, 9 0.70 to 0.80 inch. 


1865.] , 248 

Bahitat. — Cuba, (Poey.) Collection Entom. Society, Philadelphia. 

Namhr.r 186, Poey't MSS. Catalogue. 

One 9 specinieD is labelled " Vera Crus." Mr. Walker gives an ex- 
tended habitat for this apecies. The United States apeoime&s in the 
British Museum Collection probably belong to H. tetsfUarU, the others, 
including the specimen from Yeneauela from which Mr. Walker drew 
np the description of H. UttellarCi, belong to H. cinctipe*. I have no 
EalUldota mibaiuii, n. sp. 

Primaries irregularly and entirely mottled with brownish and pale 
streaks. A few brighter scales on internal margin at base, where the 
markings are more determinate. Secondaries senii-trantiparent, the 
scales slightly aggregated along the terminal margin. Internal margin 
sparsely covered with lunger and paler scales. Under surface of both 
wings without prominent coloration, merely discolorous. 

Palpi, long and prominent, paler beneath, laterally darker colored. 
" Front," brownish; base of antennfe, pale, and between these a trans- 
verse line of pale scales; behind, covered with brown scales. Frotho- 
racic pieces brown, edged with pale and pale vermillion hairs. Tegulce, 
brown, broadly margined inwardly with pale scales. Disc of the thorax 
brown, mixed with pale hairs arranged longitudinally. Abdomen, pale 
vermillion above. An obsolete dorsal row of brown spots, observable 
in certain specimens towards the anus. Anal hairs entirely brown. 
Laterally, tt double row of distinct brown segmentary spots. Beneath, 
immaculate, whltlah cream-color, l^egs, whitish ; all the femora pale 
vermillion on their inward surface. Five coincident specimens. Kxp. 
$ and 9 , 1.80 to 2.10 inches. Length of body, 0.70 to 0.80 inch. 

^a6rta(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. Philad. 

ATwrniw- 611, Poeff't MSS. Catalogue. 

Resembles the description of Hali'sidota (^Haleiufota') itn'goiaV^ali., 
from Jamaica, but the under abdominal surface has not " four rows of 
black spota." There are other differences which prevent its reference 
to that species, as will be seen from a comparison of Mr, Walker's de- 
scription with that of Haliiidola cvhensh, 

EUEALISIDOTA, dot. gen. 

Sise somewhat larger than Hulitulota, wbioh the single species re- 
sembles, but is sufficiently distinguished by the shape of the wings and 
the neurational characters. Costa straight, not so depressed before the 
apices as in Baligidota; external margin evenly rounded, not excavate 
below the apices; internal angle rounded and not prominent. The 


m [Dkcembe* 

first and second median nerrnles ariae from one point, the third fnrtliOT 
removed and thus reHembling the dispoaition of these nervales in Hulv3i- 
dota, but the fourth m. nervule spring* from the m. nervure at about 
tiie middle, henoe is much further removed towards the base of th« 
wing than in Ila/itiiJola, Secondaries, well-sized, with acute apices; 
external margin evenly rounded, very slightly excavate before anal 
angle. The third m. nervule is well removed from the point from 
whence the first and second spring, while the foorlh is greatly removed 
towards the base of the wiog. All the nervulea further apart, render- 
ing the interspaces and the entire wing relatively wider. 

Head, large and pressed against the prothoiacic parts; clypeus, sab- 
triangulate, narrowing towards the base, wider than in Ualiiiilota. 
Palpi, prominent, porrect, held apart, apic^il joints slender and short, 
inclined forwards. Maxilla, moderato. Autennse, rather long, finely 
and shortly pectinate to their tips ( $ ). Basal sockets, large and pro- 
minent. Pi-otboracic, [Heces narrow. Thorax, globoee and elevated. 
Abdomen stout, exceeding the secondaries) genitab concealed; anal 
segment greatly and suddenly narrowed ( 9 ). 

The eqnammation is thin and powdery, not fioe and close as in Ha- 
lUidota; the single species is pale jellowisb clay-col<red, irregularly 
sprinkled with black dots on the primaries and ov^ thorLioic r^icm 
Eahaliiidota Inxa, n. sp. (Plate 4, fig. 5. ?.) 

9 . Very pale yellowish teslaceous. Primaries, marked with irregu- 
lar and sparse black powdery dots; these are plainer on the costa and 
form two interrupted geminate bands at basal third, of which the second 
is irregularly continued to internal margin, while the first is apparently 
discontinued below the median nervure. Beyond, two central black dots. 
The apical third of the wings, irregulnrly and aparsely sprinkled with 
small black dots, congregated beyond the extremity of the discal cell. 
The ground color of the wing shows do darker shades, being nnicolor- 
oos whitish clay-coliff. 

Secandaries, pale testaceona, semi-traDnpareot. The scales are laid 
on eveuly and thinly ; the internal mai^in fringed with longer hairs. 
No markings or shades of any kind. 

Under surface of primaries whitish testaceous, resembling upper sur- 
&ce in coloration, and without markings of any kind. 

Head, and upper thoracic parts like primaries in coloration ; ''' fnAt" 
irith a few dark isolated scales, which do not prevent the appearance of 
vntooloronaness; " collar" with central black scales on both sides; t€^ai 


1865.] 245 

with ceotral black marts; disc of the thorax, a little darker, with Mat- 
tered black scales. 

Abdonneo, darker, slightlj ochreons above; paler beneath. I detect 
no prominent markiagB, but in the individual I have under obaervation 
it is BoDiewlmt rubbed. Legs, colored like the body; inward eurfuce of 
anterior femora, distinctly ochraceoua. £ip. % , 2.50 inches. Length 
of body, 1.00 inch. 

H-ibitat.~-C\xha, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. 8oc. Philad. 

Nianber 1042, I'oefi MSS. Catalogue. 

It ia possible, that among the species of Halitidota described by Mr. 
Walker in the British Museum Lists, more material belonging to this 
genus will be found. From the descriptions, the species cannot be re- 
lerred to any of these. 

P&SECCEJBTE8. nov. g«n. 

The Cuban species differ frum Euchxtet egle, in the closer, more 
sparae squammation, which becomes sub-diaphanous on the secondaries. 
The neuration very nearly agrees ; the secondaries are hardly so full, 
the internal nervures more propiaquitous. The head and thoracic 
parts are more finely scaled. Head wider behind, more prominent; 
palpi smaller, not exceeding the front. The fringes on the wings are 
shorter thun in E. egle. Tlie distinctioual characters that I have ob- 
served seem to warrant the erection of the new genus. 
Parmiek«tM oadaverMa. nov. sp. 

Pale dull yellow. Primaries, pale dull yellow, immaculate above and 
beneath. Secondaries, paler than the primaries, immaculate above and 
beneath, sub-diaphanous. Body, closely ecaled. Head, with a more 
ochreous shade. Prothoracic pieces, tegulte and thorax, concolorons 
with primaries. .\.bdomen of a deeper, more ochreous yellow ; a dorsal 
eegnientary series of dark brownish spots. A single reduced lateral 
series of Bpot«. Beneath much paler. Under thoracic surface and 
legs, yellowish. Tarsi and anterior and middle tibi», brownish. An- 
tennie brown, with st^ut, short pectinations, produced from the uuder 
surface. Id the female the pectioatioDS are shorter, but quite distinct. 
Four speoiiuens ( & % 9 9 )■ Gxp. % , 1.30 to liO, 9 1.40 inoh. 
Length of body, % and 9 , O.liO inch. 

.H"aJifri(.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. 8oo. Philad. 

Number 406, Foes'* MSS. Catalogue. 
ParaashatM aflnii, nov. sp. 

Very nearly allied to P. eadcuernsa, but I regard it as a distinct 
species. Smaller, of a more clayey yellow, entirely immtciihUe; no 


246 [Deckhbek 

abdominal maoulations in either sex. The antennse are paler brown ; 
in the female, the pectinatioDs are very niaute, bo mnch redaced as to 
appear to be waating to the naked e;e, and it needs a tolerably strong 
magnifier to discoTOr (he Blight processes which emanate from the an- 
tennal articles. In the male specimen, the antennsB are defective ; 
enough remaina of them to show that these are more strongly pectinate 
than in the female. Two ( % and 9 ) specimens. Exp. I and 9 , 1.20 
inch. Length of body, 0.40 inch. 

Halnlat.—CuU, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soo. PWllad, 

Number 406, " var." Pofg'* MSS. Calaiogtu. 

^UIHALES, Foe^. 
EtithalM gvaooUa. 

Eriihalea gnacoida, T<^^y, Cent. Lepid. Cuba, Decade 2. (ISSZ-) 
Erithales guaeolda, Walkar, CbI. B. M. Lep. Pt. 7, p. 18S8. (J8&6.) 

Two ( i and S ) specimens. 

This interesting species has been well figured by Prof. Poey, and the 
characters of the genus explained. The specimens before me are mucli 
paler than in the figure, probably for the reason that, with other ma- 
terial it) the present collection, they have become faded through age. 

H'tbitat—'Jah^, (Poey.) Coll. Eot. Soc. Philad. 

Number 511, i'wy'* MSS. Catalogue. 

Sub-Family, DASYCHIR^. 

latirMtli arpntiflna. 

Evprociii argealijliia, HUbner, Bitmm. £xat. Schm. Lep. S, Bomb. 2. Ver. J, 
Leu. A, Alb. 2. (1800—1834.) 

Euproctia argentiyhui. Walker, C. B. M. Lep. Ft T, p. 1739. (IS&S.) 
Two Bpecimens, J, and $ . 

Habitat.— €al», (Poey.) Coll. Eut. Soc. Philad. 
Number 79 Poeg't MSS. Catahgue. ' 

nrroa iBUnMnlata, hot. gen. at. sp. 

Under the number 229, Prof. Poey sends specimens of a species dif- 
fering generically from E. argentifiua. This small species is entirely 
milk-white; the corporal parts are finely scaled; head narrower across 
the vertex than in Evproetii; antennie simple. The sub-ovoid cocco- 
net acconipaaies the specimens. This is fiattened beneath, of firm tex- 
ture, and with a circular lid at the smaller end, through which the 
imagine makes its escape. The delicate shell of the chrysalis protrudes 
through the opening. This genus, which is smaller than Evproclu, 
■hows evident affinity with those Limedodes with simple aoteonte, and 
resembles casually a glistening white crambid with veiy long wings 


1865.] 247 

Beat under the number 573. Exp. % , 1.20 inch. Length of body, 
.40 inch. 

Habitat.— CuU, (Poey.) Coll. Eot. Soc. Philad. 

Vlosala ctetata Grot«, from Louisiana, evidently occnpies an inter- 
mediate position between JCvpTOcti* and Lagoa. It resembles the 
former gennn in the Bquammation and in the silky whiteness of the 
wings, while the antennal structure alliea it closely with Lagoa erupafa, 
Packard. The scales so closely hide the wings of these species, that 
neurational characters are imposubly to be observed without the de- 
struction of the specimens. 

Sub-Family, PSYCHID^. 

(ECETIOirs, Gailding. 
(Emtieu Fotyl, 

Oikelicua Fo^t, Luoss, (Aulh. Poej.) 

I have not seen Lucas' work, in which this species is described. 
Judging from the figure of the male (E. Kirbii, Guilding, given in 
Griffith & Pidgeon's " Cuvier," Vol. 2, p. U79, Plate 132, fig. 1, % , 
the male of (E. /bi^i differs by ita smaller size, and in that the anterior 
wings are more produced apically, tbe external margin more oblique, 
while the posterior wings are greatly excavate on external margin. Dr. 
Herrieh-SchtBffer figures (E. fulgtrator from Brazil, in the " Lep. 
n. a. m. cog.," and this figure nearlya^rees with the Cuban specimens, 
and may be the same species. However, it appears to represent a larger 
insect, with longer abdomen; there is a basal dash above internal mar- 
gin 00 the primaries which is well defined; this is absent in (E. Poeyi, 
in which the base of anterior wings at this place has merely a diffuse 
darker shade. I have not, sufficient material to judge from, and cannot 
say whether all these species are identical or not, while I incline to be- 
lieve them distinct. Certainly if (E. Poeifi is distinct from (E. Kirbii, 
the species figured, by Dr. Herri ch-Scbteffer is also distinct fromGnild- 
ing's species as figured in Q-riff. & Pidg. work above cited. 

Dark brown ; the discal field of the primaries largely shaded with very 
dark brown. A vitreous irregnlar transverse bar, beyond the discal cell. 
Secondaries darker than primaries; external margin greatly concave. 

The shell of the remarkable female of this species accompanies the 
specimen. Alcoholic material of the latter would be needed, in order 
to study its peculiar structure. Eip. % , 1.40 inch. Length of body, 
.80 inch. 

JfaUlat.—OaiM, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 175, Poe^'t MSS. Catalogue. 


248 [DKCKMBEft 

Head small ; compared with (Eieticv* it is loss exscrted, more sunk 
in the protltoracic parts, vhich latt«r are more proroinent and elevated 
than in its allj. Oral stractDre obsolete. Abdomen, exceedin<; the 
secoudariee by half or nearly half its len<!th, stout. The corporal 
parts in their entirety are clothed vith upri)^ht, looec, furry squammn- 
tion ; tarsi, naked, unftnienlate. Wings, vitreous, or nearly so, very 
sparsely covered with scales within the internal margins of either pair; 
nervures and costa with scattered scales. Primaries, broad ; costs, 
straight; eatemal margin, roundedly oblique; internal uiai^in, short, 
the angle rounded. Costal nervnre, simple, joining che costa before 
the apex. Snb-eostal nervure, approximate and parallel with costal, 
throwing off two nervules to costa, which these join beyond the end of 
the costal nervure. A third is thrown off in a straight line to apex, 
before which it is furcate. A fourth ncrtule arises near the point from 
whence the third is thrown off and runs somewhat dcpressedly to ex- 
ternal margin. Fifth springs from the discal cross-vein, well removed 
from the fourth. Discal cell large, sub- triangular, traversed longitudi- 
nally by a distinct median fold, or thickening of the membrane. A 
second, lower fold, springs from the m. nervure and is shortly continued 
to the cross-vein, approximate to the point of origin of the first m. nervule. 
The cell is closed by a thickening of the membrane, not by a true ner- 
vure, since from the origin of the fifth s. c. to that of the first m. the 
cross-vein Js obsolete. Median nervure, geminate from itfl base to the 
discal cell. First and second m. nervules, thrown off netr together and 
divaricating to the margin. Third, thrice farther removed from second, 
than second from firat. First m. nervule, furcate before the margin. 
Sub-median nervure, prominently slnaate and angulated at (he point of 
its greatest distance from internal mai^in, thence running obliquely 
downwards to the margin which it joins at internal angle. Secondiv 
ries, reduced; external margin, hardly rounded, nearly straight, exserted 
before anal angle; the wing is well developed towards internal margin, 
which is folded downwards. Costal nervure, arcuate, strong, forming 
the upper margin of a large enclosed discal cell. Nervnles extremely 
stout. This cell is traversed by a strong fold emanating from the cos- 
tal nervnre just beyond the base, and by a median fold similarly ema- 
nating from them, nervure. Median nervnre. strong, throwing off first, 
second and third short m. nervnles; third, a little farther removed from 
second, than second from first, and also longer. Sub-median and in'ternal 
nervures, simple, independent, running closely together at baae, sepa- 


1865.] m 

rating to externa] margin. Sub-median witli a basal upward projection. 
Anteann resembling those of (Eceticui, widely bi-pectinate at basal 
hulf, tenninal joints with small serrations, flexuous, recurved. 

Female, apterous, vermiform. 

Type : (Eceticut coni/erarum, HtrriE. 

This genus differs from the closely sculed species of iEceticvt in man; 
particulars, though a near ally. It resembles greatly the figure of 
Animula dichroa H-S., from Venciaela, and may be identical with It. 
Since, however, no specific or generic diagnosis is given of the South 
American species, I cannot accept that genus, while the figure differs 
in detail. The secondaries are more reduced and rounded, and the 
nervulation is different. The first m. nervule of the primaries is not 
furcate.* The antennae seem equally pectinate from base to tip, the 
latter not fleiuoiis. The genital organs have a different representation. 
Hj/metioptj/iJie contains two species, differing slightly from one another 
in (% } structure, as indeed is the rule rather than the reverse in the 
present Sub-family, as well as in the CeratocampaJx. 
Hfinauopiyehs tboraeleDiB, n. b. 

Smaller than H. coni/erarum. Wings more sparsely scaled. Tho- 
racic region above, and supra capntal parts, clothed with pale, some- 
what sericioufi hair. Elsewhere the rather coarse and stout equamma- 
tion of this little species is brownish- black. First m. nervule of the 
primaries strongly furcate. A cell is formed by an obsolete " vein," 
running from the base of the wing to the angulated portion of the sub- 
median nervnre. This is obsolete in my specimens of If. coni/erarvtn. 
M. nervure not distinctly geminate at base. Genitals displayed, con- 
sisting of a flattened, ootneons, acutely cordate piece, from beneath 
which a slender, blunt, longer process is protruded, held in a lower 
basal sheath, embraced by the lateral claspers. Two specimens. Exp. 
% , 1.00 inch. Length of body, 0.45 inch. $ unknown. 

ffahitat.—CuU, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 183, I'oejf'i MSS. Oala(ogtte. 

TSTCEOVOCTVA, nov. gen. 

In the male the autenuse are short, closely bi-pectinate laterally, to 
half their length from the base ; the pectinations are fine and rather 
close, and decrease suddenly at the middle of the unteunee, the termi- 
nal half of which b provided with very short processes, appearing sim- 
ple to the unasMsted eye. Scape moderately prominent and tufted. 

* Id a >iagle individual of H. eoniferantm, that I have before me, this furea. 
tion ii obsolete on the right prjmarj. 



In the female the eDteoDS nre long and entirely eiinple. The male 
antennie are less than balf as long as those of the female, aod bear a 
rather close resemblance to those of the % (Scetieui. Head, projected, 
but DOt prominently vieible from above; eljpeus broad. Prothoras 
well developed ; thorax, flattened above. In the female the bead is 
larger than io the male. Labial palpi small in the male, pressed against 
the front which they do not exceed in either sex, bnt are more promi- 
nent in the female. The maxillae are moderately developed in the 
female. I do not detect their presence io the male. Beneath, the 
eyes, which are well developed, are approximute. The 9 hind tibiie are 
spurred at the base of the joint, and have a lateral, longer spur at about 
the middle of the joint. The anterior wings, in the male, are narrow, 
not much dilated on external margin. Cost* straight, external maFgin 
evenly rounded, short, since it is not oblique, the internal margin being 
nearly as lung as the costal margin. Discal cell closed. First and se- 
cond m. nervulea sprioging from one point. Third, a little removed. 
Fourth, thrown off slightly nearer the third than usual, depressed, since 
itjoins the margin at internal angle. Interspaces, narrow. Int«rnulner- 
vur3, very sinuate, joining the iDternal margin before the angle. The 
internal margin is sinuate, following the course of the nervure. In the 
female the external margin is more oblique; the internal margin is 
straight; the nervure is straight and joins the external margin at the 
internal angle; the median nervules are straighter, longer, the fourth 
joins the external margin much before the internal angles. There are 
but three median nervules, while the costal nervulation differs markedly. 
In the male the c. nervure thrcnrs off three divaricating nervules at the 
point of anastomosis with the curved discal cross-vein. In the female 
the costal nervulatiiln is normal ; in both sexes a discal nervure is 
thrown off from the centre uf the discal cross-vein to external margin. 
There is a corresponding disparity between the sexes in the nervula- 
tion of the secondaries. Abdomen, tapering in the male, exceeding 
the secondaries; genitals concealed. 

The structural differences between the two specimens I have before 
me are very great, and I with difficulty believe them to belong to one 
species. Nevertheless these differences are mostly neurational, if we 
except the autennal and, perhaps, the maxillary characters. The two 
specimens are sent aa % and 9 of one species by Prof, Poey, under one 
number. The general coloration is similar, aquammaiion sparse. In 
ease of error, I propose, that the generic and specific names I here 
adopt, shall be retained for the male specimen. I am prepared here 


1865.] 281 

for eztraordinary structure, bidco the genus evidently belongs to that 
anomalous group — the Psychidse. 
Pt7Blioiio«taa pemnulli, hot. sp. 

Whitish cinereous. Oroainentation sub-nbsolete. Id the male some 
obscure marblings of brownish scales along internal margin and termi- 
nally. Secondaries whitish, without markings. In the female speci- 
men there is a terminal line and a series of Bub-t«niiinBl, dark, inter- 
spaeeal, short dashes. Secondaries with a broad, diffuse, pale blackish 
band along external margiB. Head, thorax and abdomen, whitish cine- 
reous, paler, nearly white, in the male. Under surface of thoracic re- 
gion, clothed with long whitish hair which is shorter, however, than in 
the male. Both specimens are a little rubbed. Exp. S , 1-60 inch; 
9 , 2.00 inch. Length of body, % , .80 inch ; 9 , 1.00 inch. 

IfaMat.—GahA, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

jVamber 850 Poej/'t AfSS. Calaiwfue. 

Ptrophora Faakordli, n. a. (Plate i, fig. 6, 9 .) 

The Cuban species is readily distinguished from P. MeUheimerii 
Harris, by its uniform pale brownish color, being entirely without 
brighter shades or tints, as well as by the presence of two small super- 
poaed vitreous discal spots, which are apparently coalesced in the male. 
Entirely pale wood-brown, irroratc with dark scales; irrorations most 
prominentwithout the common brown line, which runs across the wings 
as in onr Northern species. Apices of primaries more pointed than in 
/*. MeUheimerii; external margin rounded to internal angles in both 
pair and not excavate before the angles. Very faint traces of the sub- 
basal costal mark are visible on the primaries, while the outer common 
line is pater, more brownish than in ourspecies. Head, bodyand legs, 
concolorouB with the wings, sparsely irrorate with dark scales; in the 
female, the abdomen very prominently exceeds the posterior wings. 
The male resembles the female in coloration and ornamentation, except 
that the vitreous discal spots appear to bo united, while it is considera- 
bly smaller. The wings in both sexes are darkest outside of the com- 
min fascia, immediately within wfatcb, the primaries show their palest 
shade. Exp. % , 1.20, 9 2.00 inches. Length of body, % , .60 inch, 
9 1.00 inch. 

JTofiiW.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 612, Po^i MiSS. Catalogue. 

Prom the excellent and detailed descnption of Perophora Batetn, 
given by Mr. Edward Newman, this species widely differs in several 



Htnictaral poInU. The % aDtennfe are not provided vitb the expanded 
Bcape, and do not differ from those of P. Meldteimerti. The abdomen, 
while exceeding the hind wings, is unprovided with the long, parallel, 
porrected, hirsute proeossea, described as characteriEing the male of/", 
BaUgii. The coloration also differs. 

It is interesting to find this genus represented in Cuha by a distinct 
species. The representation of the sob-family is Btructurally very in- 
teresting, since it contains four species, belonging to so many different 
genera. From a study of the excellent figures given in the anonjDiOQS 
work on the Lepidoptere of Suriosm, I see that the " Bomhi/x vorax" 
of this unknown author, represents a species allied to ferophora, and 
belonging to the present Sub-family. 

I have named the Cuban Penrphora after A, S. Packard, Jr., M. 
D., whose recent pnpers on the Bombycidie of the United States have 
added greatly to our proper appreciation of the most interesting Family 
of the Sub-Order. 


HITESOC&MFA, Doubleder. 
Ettarooampa Bsbana, noT. up. (Plate 4, fig. T, ?.) 

Allied to H. ohliqua Packard, but a more brownish species, wanting 
the white sub-apical patch and the greenish shade of the upper surface 
of the primaries which characterize our Northern species. The speci- 
mens, however, appear to be faded, and the greenish shades in this 
genus seem easily lost by age and etiolation. A geminate irregular 
sub-basal line. The casta is marked by alternate darker and paler 
streaks. Median lines outwardly arcuated, joining below at the middle 
of the wing, a long curved interspaceal black dash which is bordered 
above by a paler shade; a similar paler shade beyond the median line 
above internal margin. This latter shade is bounded outwardly by a 
faint line, which appears to be discoDtioued above the linear bkek in- 
terspaceal dash. Indistinct lines heyond the disc, discontinued above 
the interspaceal dash. An arcuated, black, sub-apical line, joining a 
very narrow streak in the interspace above the first m. nervule. A 
sub-terminal shade band and narrow terminal line. In the male the 
ornamentation is sub-obsolete. Secondarieswhitisb, dusted with brown- 
ish scales. Under surface of primaries brownish. Head and thorax 
brownish, tegulie with internal dark marginal lines uniting in front. 
Abdomen, pale brownish. Antennie shorter than in H. obliqua, the 
basal pectinations in the male not extending so far from the antennal 


1865.] 2&8 

base. Three ( 5 9 t ) specimenB. Exp. % , 140, 9 1.80 inch. Length 
of body, % , 0.75, 9 0.85 inch. 

i7a/>i:(a/.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 185, Pom/'i MSS. Catalogve. 


Wings uarrov. Primaries, nearly twice as long as wide j costa slif^htly 
depressed centrally, arcuated spically; apices, prominent. KElemal 
mai^ia, oblique aod moderately sinuate; internal angle, rounded. In- 
ternal ma^in, straight. First and second nodiaD aervules springing 
from one point, third a little removed, fourth well removed from third. 
A discal fold. Secondaries reduced ; costa straight, external margin 
slightly and gradually excavate befure anal angle. The wings are 
cleanly cut and deprived of fringes. Sqnammation very close and 
densely and equally coveriog all the corporal and alar parte. Antennae, 
short and stout, tapering, provided with very small pectinations, pro- 
duced from beneath the antencal stem. Head, moderate, pressed 
against the prothorucic parte. Palpi, prominent, porrect, held free 
from and exceeding the front, Epicranium, broad. Froth oracic pieces, 
narrow. Abdomen, moderately stout, closely scaled, exceeding the se- 
condaries by half its length. Genital organs concealed. Legs, slender, 
tninnlely spined on the third tibite. Maxillie, moderate. 
Oarathi* ffortTnoilai. (Plate 4, fig. 8, % .) 

Rich brown. Primaries evenly covered with brown scales, with clus- 
tered white spots, reminding one of the Nootuid genus Gorft/na. Base 
with white spots, narrowly divided by brownish scales. Beyond, a yel- 
lowish transverse line, sendingout, at ri>;ht angles, a short branch alon^ 
median nervure. Above and below this branch are white spots; the 
upper, spherical, the lower, elongate, sub-pyriform, tapering to internal 
margin. At the extremity of this branchlet a small white spot on the 
vein. Three prominent costal spots above the dlscal cell. The first, 
the largest, white. The middle, outwardly oblique, yellowish, shaped 
like an abbreviated band. The onter, the smallest, white. Immedi- 
ately below these, on internal margin, a dark yellowish spot. Termi- 
nally, an elongated cluster of white spots, narrowly divided by brown 
scales; the larger spots placed outwardly, sub-triangulate, fitting into 
those on the inner side areaseiies of pale yellowish spots; within these 
a series of smaller more oval spots. All these spots are more or less 
united in one specimen. Secondaries, pale blackish-brown ; testaceous 
along the costa, without markings. Beneath, pale, dull brownish; on 
the primaries, the white guttationsof theapper surface are partially re- 


254 [December 

produced. Head brown; a parallel narrow white line craue« the cly- 
peiu before the antenDal insertioD. Behind, two large white xpot^, 
narrowly separated by dark scales. Thorax, brown, concolorons with 
primaries. At the aides, the t^ulie show large white spots. Abdomen, 
pale blackiBh-browD ; terminal segments, edged posteriorly with paler 
scales of a warmer tint. Beneath, paler, of a warmer hue. Two spe- 
cimens. Exp. t, , 1.30 inch. Len^h of body, 0.00 inch. 

JIabiUit.--Caba, (Poey.) Coll. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Ifumber 470 J^'t MSS. Ctilaloffue. 

Sub-Familj, HEPIALID.E. 

Tribe, CosstNT. 

ZTLEITTSS, Ilubner. 
Zyleatai pigat, nov. ep. 

Siie moderate, smaller than X.rolinim, Peck sp. Dark jtrey. Pri- 
maries covered with a fine net-work of blackish lines, strongly marked 
on oosta and diffused pretty evenly over the entire upper surface of 
the wings, leaving, nevertheless, a clear costal space before the apes at 
about apical third. In the male the secondaries are entirely black, 
except alpng costal mai^in, smaller than in the female; external mar- 
gin straight, not roanded. In the female the secondaries resemble the 
primaries in ornamentation and coloration, external mai^in slightly 
rounded. Antennce blackish. Thoracic parts covered with mixed 
grey Hquammation, without determinate markings. Legswhitish, tarx! 
and tibiEB clothed with black scales outwardly, aoQulated and spotted 
with white. Exp.% ,1.65, 9 1.60 inch. Length of body, ?, 0.86 inch. 

Habitat.— Cuba, (Poey.) Coil. Ent. Soc. Philad. 

Number 173 Poey'i JIfSS. Gatalixpie. 

The female of this species seems to be slighter than the male. The 
specimens, though fresh, are defective. 

The Tribe Hepialini — curiously resembling the Diarnal Ckionobai, 
in the diaphanous and similarly sized anterior and posterior wings, and 
somewhat in the shape of these latter — is not represented in the present 
eollection. Hvpialiu and its immediate allies, do not appear to be 
represented ao fully in the New as in the Old World. 

The very moderate representation of the Bombycidte in Cuba — taking 
this collection of Prof. Poey's as a basis — allows of bat few comparisons 
with the representation of the Family elsewhere, and adds, on the whole, 
but little distinctive value to the Cuban fauna, So &r as I am aware, 
the Lithosiid genus and species CS/dosia nohiliteUa Westw. with Hali- 


1865.] SU 

tiihta cUetipei are the only repTeaentatives of the fdmily tli&t occur 
likewise on the South American Contjaent. The geographical fona of 
our Northern Uuiketia betta Uiibn., described aa Deiopeia tpeciota by 
>Ir. Walber, occurs likewise in Jamaica, and is perhaps replaced by 
what may be another geographical race of the same speciea — Utelhetia 
omatrix — on other Islands of the West Indiaa Archipelago, if not, as 
I suspect, associated with it. In the^ircftu/jewe have peculiar species 
of AmntaJo, SpUoioma, Ecpanthrriu and Haliddota, which are, so 
far as we are aware, confined in their representation to the Island, and 
are parti; replaced in Jamaica and other Islaads by allied but distinct 
species. One species o? JlalUidota {H. cinch'pe* Grote), seems to find 
its northera limit to the eastward aod, as wo go southward from the ' 
Gulf States, by its substitution for our common ff. tenfUaru Hiibn., 
offers the strongest evidence that we have entered on a distinct Faunal 
Province, while it gives no individoaiity to the insular fauna, since it 
occurs in South Americaand Mexico. It is not improbable that it will 
be taken in Texas, judging from what Is known of the Fauna of that 
State. The utter abseuce of Ailaci and Ce.ratoeampida deprives the 
Family of what is always its greatest interest and beauty, and for 
which DO compensatory valne is offered. The Family has dwindled 
and become unimportant, encroached upon by the Zygmaidte, which 
here appear in much greater diversity thun in the colder climates of 
the Northern American Continent. 

Vaw Spwiei and eorrMtioai in the famUy PSZLAPHniJL 

After considerable delay, I am able to add the following descriptions 
of new species of the family " Pselaphidse " to my former publications : 

1. Adranai LaContat, n. ap.— Testae ena, tranalucena, eiipite cjlindrico, thorace 
lub-cylindrico, pone medium luteraliter compresao, eljtria angulia apicalibus 
niediia et eiternia piloaia, abdomine exuavato, margiuaUi, nd baain in margine 
tuberculato. Long I.S m. m. 

The general form of this insect is essentially the same aa in A. eoecut 
liec, but the head is broader in front, somewhat oboonical, with two 
very small approximate tabercles in the middle of the base, the fi^mt 
overhangs the face ; without eyes ; the vertex of the male is lon^tndi- 
nally bistriate. The last joint of the antennm is a little narrower at 
the truncated end. The thorax, seen from above, is cylindrical, longer 
than the head, behind the middle laterally compressed, in the depth of 
the impression snloaM all around, behind which sulcus, at the middle 


256 [Decekbee 

of the base, ie a large roand groove with a smooth bottom and n distinct 
puncture in the centre ; before the groove, the thorax is suddenly ele- 
vated, forming the acute end of the median ridge of the thonii ; oo each 
side of the groove at the base is a small tubercle. The elytra are trun- 
cate at the sutural posterior angles, with tufts of yellow hair at the 
middle and outer angle. The abdomen ii widest at the base, wider 
than the elytra at the tip, excavated from one side to the other, with 
a large smooth tubercle each side at the base on the mai^n. The legs 
are io proportion longer than in coecnx, the anterior coxae are cylindri- 
cal, prominent, the intermediate globose, the posterior transverse. 

The mule differs in the above mentioned striu on the vertex, the 
intermediate tibiie being sinuous inside and armed with a very small 
Bpurattheend, the intermediate trochanters being armed with a strong 
cylindrical spine, and the metastcrnum, which is in the female lancet- 
shaped reaching between the hind caste, is in the male much elevated, 
truncate and bifurcate before the posterior coise; between the latter are 
two punctures and a tuft of hair. 

One 9 was found by me some six years ago in Dlinois, and speci- 
mens of both sezeswere lately collected in large numbers by Mr.Chas. 
Sonne, ii^ Chicago. 

The honor of having discovered it to be a new species is due to Dr. 
John L. LeConte. The discovery of the male belongs to Mr. Sonne. 

2. Bryazii valatina ia identical with Der:arthi-wi formtctli. 

3. Xrrut* elavata (Vsr. conjuncta). — Nigra, nitida, elytris piceis, capite tri- 
ttiveala, thorace globoso, foveia tribus sulcu areiiato conneiia, anteuniB mam 
articuliB tribue ulCimiB Talde elevatis. Long 2,0 m. m. 

Separated from B. con/uncta, of which it differs by the antennte of 
the male having the 1 — 2 joint subequal cylindrical, the 3 — i small 
globose, the 5 — 6 equal, larger, globose, the 9 — 10 much enlarged, 
tranaverae, very hairy, forming with the last, ovate, acute joint one ■ 
thick club. 

I consider it to be the northern olimatical form of B. conjuncta. 

This species with B. conjuncta, dentata, abdiminalis, and the two 
following form one conclave, having the base at the thorax transversely 
Bulcate and distinguish themselves as follows: 

First abdominal Begmentor the male en tire B. ooi^nnota and elavata. 

First abdominal segment behind produced in a lobe...B. dantata. 
First abdominal segment behind produced in two acu- 
minate lobes B. IlllnoteniU. 

, First and second segraent with two lobes B. Tlorldana. 

The three first segments with two lobes each Jh. abdomlaalla. 


1865.] 25T 

4. B. lUin^Huia, n. ip. — Kigra, nitida, eljtris nngtiiiieU pancUtie, Ihoraee 

lat«ribu8 rotundAtia, foveis tribus nqualibus viz eonjunctia, abdomiuig articulo 
primo msjore. Long 1.6 m. m. 

The species before me is a male of black color, polished, pubescent; 
the elytra are red, puactulate, the dorsal Btrise abbreviated before the 
middle. The head is bifoveate ; the ant«Dnae piceoua, the 1 — 2 joint 
little larger, suhequal, obconical, the 3d smaller obconical, the 4 — 6 
larger, nearly equal, rounded, the 7 — 8 smallest, rounded, the 9th 
larger, somewhat transverse, the 10th still larger, obconical, transverse, 
the last, the largest, ovate acuiniaate. The thorax is rounded, little 
narrower before, equally trifovcatc, the lateral grooves conoectcd by a 
very flightly impressed boIcuh around the base. The abdomen hsa the 
first dorsal segment larger, behind bilobed, the lobes acute not clavated 
over the level of the anterior part, at the ba?e transversely impressed 
with two distant abbreviated stria. The second segment has a vario- 
loid impression at the base with eight punctures in the disk. The legs 
are piceoa»<, the tarsi testaceoua, the intermediate trochanters are armed 
with a small acute epine. 

The only specimen till now known was found by Dr. Helmuth, of 
Chicago, who kindly seat it to me for description. 

5. B. floridUM. n. sp.— Fusca nitida, elytrip 
angulato, foveia tribus sqnalibus impreaflo, ti 
tcDDis articulo quiQto majare. Long 1.6 — 1.7 m. m. 

The female differs very little from the female of S. aMominalis, but 
it is much smaller. The male is somewhat longer than the female, has 
the first and seeood abdominal dorsal segment bilubed behind; the first 
segment is transversely impressed at the base, with two distant abbre- 
viated striae, and a curved ridge, tending backwards to the rounded 
point of the lobes, leaving the intermediate space depressed, in the 
common notch between the lobes of the first and second segments is a 
yarioloid impression with eight punctures in the disk ; the three last 
segments are simple. 

It was found by me in the settlements of St. John River, in Florida. 

I consider these two species as climatical aberrations of the B. abdo- 
fliitw/w, of which I saw only specimens from the Northeast of the U. S, 

S. B. ooagaitar, n. ep — Tegtaceus, breviter pubetcens capita trifoveato, thora<!e 
trifoveato. foyea intermedia minuta, sljtriB alrin doraalis fere Integra, aDtenniB 
loQgiusculia. Long ].0 m. m. 

This species most resembles B. pvnclicollie, but it is less stretched, 
much smaller in stature, more short and heavy set, like B. rubumnifa, 
of a saturated yellowish-brown color, seems not to change to a darker 


258 [Decembeb 

hae, aa the aumerous specimeDS before me are all alike. The head 
has three grooves, one on the front between the antenoae, and two on 
the verten ; the antennas are longer than the head and thorax together, 
the joints are oblong-cyliridrieal, the fifth joint is larger than the ad- 
joining, the ninth and tenth obconioal, larger, the last ovate. The 
thorax is auhangulate, rounded, impunctured, with two lateral and one 
very small middle groove. The elytra are impunctured, shorlly pube- 
scent, the hairs very regularly disposed, the dorsal strife are nearly 
entire. The abdomen is short, the first segment larger, pubescent, with 
two very short, approsimate, obsolete atrise near the middle of the base. 
It differs from B. punclico/lu by the shorter stature, the impunctured 
thorax and the color; from if. rubtcunJa by the color and the extremely 
small size. They were found near the seashore of Long Island, N. Y. 

7. B. inomats, -a. sp. — Flava, impunctata, capil« thoraceque impreesionibus 
nulli9. Long 1.^ m. m. 

This insect takes the same place among the Bryaxis as Art?im{us does 
among the B.itriaus, and is easily recognized by the entirely smooth 
rounded thorax. Found in South Carolina. 

ft. Batriaut urittatu* Leo. is identical with B. /eroE— JTesl* Dr. John L. Le- 

8. Batriini aenleatnt Lee. is the ? of .S. aHiimxcua AubS — (Teste Dr. John L. 

10. BatriBna itriata* is a variety of B. globotut — (Teste Dr. John L. LeConle.) 

11. Batriins juvenco*, n. ap.— Elongataa, gracilis, caataneua, capite reticulato, 
subtriangulare oculie parvis puree prominulis, vertice minus convexo obsolete 
Cristato, Bulcis lateral ibus,lhorace trilineato, elytria puDctatis, tibiis inarmatis. 
Long l.a m. m. 

This is the smallest species known U> me in stature, resembling B. 
ferox, but more elongate. The head is plano-convex, the fronte plane, 
the lateral margin obsoletely separated by a slightly impressed sulcus, 
the vertex not elevated with an obsolete depressed carina. The anten- 
nal joints are ineonapicuoualy growing larger from the 3d — Sth joint, 
the 9tb and 10th are thicker, nearly transverse, the last ovate acumi- 
nate. The thorax is widest before the middle, punctured, obsoletely 
trilineate, with two carinas between the lines, bituberculate at the base, 
the sides are rounded before the middle and straight, converging to- 
wards the base behind. The elytra are convcK, punctured, longitudi- 
nally impressed at the base in the place of a dorsal stria. The first 
dorsal abdominal segment is larger than the following one, and trans- 
versely impressed at the base, in the middle and on each side. The 
posterior tibiae are not armed. 


1865.] 259 

A single apecimen was found by me ia Northern Illinois. It could 
be taken for a " riprarius," but the present Bpecies is much more slen- 
der, the last joint of the antenDSc is not as long, and the tibiae are not 
armed with a spine. 

12. Tyahns bythinioidea, n. ep. — Piceus, tomentosus, capita bifoveato, foreia 
Buico angulatim conjunctus, UQ tennis articuto primo lonjio cylindrico, ECGimdo 
gjoboso inagno, intarmediiB minimia, Bvo 9no tranTersia, ultimo maximo ovato i 
palpi9articu1u3tiog1obo30, ultimis securiform igthorace com pa tiulato,8ulco trans- 
verse baaali, alytrls punotatia, pcdibua testaoeia. Long I.l m. m. 

This remarkable insect furnishes the connecting link between the 
Pselaphi and the Bryaxis. The form of the head and body forces it 
in the first division; the form of the palpi, antennas, and the tfaoracical 
sulcus, are borrowed from the genus " Bythinus." Even the head is 
touched by a reaembknee of the Bryaxes by having two small grooves 
on the vertex between the eyes, with furrows running forward to the 
froitul notch, which divides the antennal tubercles. The antennae 
h.ive the first joint very lont;, cylindrical, the second globular, the fol- 
lowing six joints are small, globular, all conjointed as long as the first 
two, the ninth and tenth are transverse, broad, the last ovate, as long 
as the first and as broad as the tenth. The thorax is bell-shaped, with 
a basal, arcuate, transverse sulcus. The elytra are punctured, de- 
pressed, torn en tose, with entire suttiral strise, and two basal impressions 
in the place of the dorsal stride, which are wanting. The abdomen is 
short tomentose, margined ; the tarsi have one claw. 

A single specimen was found near New York city. It joins, in affi- 
nity, respecting the form of the antennae, next to Bj/lkintis carinatM 

13. Triminm impanatBtom, a. ap.— Fuacum, Inve, pubeecens, capiCe foveis ob- 
longiaduabus, vertice convexo, tborace ovato, foveis lateraiibus minus impreaaig 
eljtris convex iaaculua, lateribua arcuatua, latitudine longiore palpia articulo 
tertio gioboso, ultimo minora ovato, ad basin truneato. Long 1.3 m. m. 

The stature of this insect is <]uite a peculiar one. The elongate 
form of the body is marked by a very narrow waist and neck. The 
head is longer than broad, with two ample oblong grooves in the place 
of the lateral sulcus. The antennee are shorter than the head and tho- 
rax conjointed, the first joint is long, obconical, the second very short, 
broader than the following, the adjoining six jointa are very small, 
transverse, the ninth and tenth are gradually broader, lenticular, trans- 
verse, the last is very targe ovate. The maxillary palpi are small, the 
third joint larger than the last, which is truncate at the base. The 
thorax is oblong conves, the sides equally carved, constricted at the 
the base and tip, widest in the middle, with three impressions In the 



angles of the doable arcuate, faransrerse sulcas. The elytra are high- 
ahoaldered, convex, the sidea arcuate, with the dorsal strise abbreviated 
near the middle. The abdomen is at the baseuHrrower than the elytra 
and half as long again. 

The specimen described is in possession of Mr. H. Ulke. 

14. EnplMtai ulnitoi, n. ip. — Rufo-picens, dense pubeacena, pa nctulatne, ca- 
pita late biforeato, occipite emarginBto, thorace puuctDlalDBd basin foreis tribua, 
BUlco conjunctis, eljtrig depreseje, etrio dorealibus nullis. Long 1.4 m. m. 

The head is nearly as broad as the thorax, bifoveate between the eyes, 
the grooves with a very abort obsolete sulcua runniDg forward. The 
antennseareas long as the head and thorax conjointed, and of the usual 
form of this genus. The last joint of the maxillary palpi is long, ovate, 
acuminate. The thorax is longer than broad, rounded, densely punc- 
tured, pnbeaceut, with three baaal grooves, connected by an arcuate 
sulcus, branching out forward from the lateral grooves. The elytra are 
rectangular, longer than wide, half as broad again as the thorax, densely 
puDCtnred and pubescent, with veiy little impressed basal grooves in 
the place of the faintly indicated dorsal stri», and small punctures be- 
tween it and the basal end of the sutural entire strife. The last two 
segments of the abdomen are longer than the preceding segments. 

It inhabits the Northern Stales. 


I find that I had no good and sufficient ground forasserting on page 
IQ^ that Baron Osten Sacken maintains the doctrine " that, under do 
circumstances, is it allowable to change a single letter in a published 
name, unless that name be preoccupied." I ther^ore beg leave to 
withdraw that assertion. 



The names of n 

r seat 


Adranes LeContei, Brtndel 2i& 

Aellopoa Siayphus- 4! 

TanUlus 42, ISO, 178 

Titau 41,150 

Auibulyi Gftnsscus fl4, 159 

strigilia SJ, l&B 

Ammalo itnpunctug, Grolt 23fi 

Amphion dsbsus , 161, 17S 

Amphanjx 05 

Anlsiii 66, 101 

ctaeDliaa ,ASl 

Duponchel 6T, Ifll 

Arclonotue lucidus ISU 



Callimosema, Clemens -141 

Bcintillana, Claiieiu...lti 

CaUiamms Lycaatus. -48, 15S 

CarathiB, Orate 263 

gortyaoidea, Grole 2f>3 

Cautethia hoc lui form i« IBB 

Ceratiaia Daeta Hi 

Arh opal us p ictus 204 

robiniBB 204 

Batrachedra 141 

Ba]jcipoiaaDella,(Snuiu 143 

Batrisug aouleatus. 2b» 

cristalua 268 

jurencus, BrtndeL 2S8 

■triatuB 259 

Bomb^oidn of Cuba. Hot«s on the, 

by Aug. R. Grole „.22T 


abdominaliB 250 

cavicornis, Brendel- ™ 

clarstA. BrtndtL JAO 

congener, Bntidel 

aonja ncta 

denUta 368 

floridana, Srcndel 260, 25T 

Illinoienaia, BrtndiU 2Sfl, 25T 

inornaU, BreadeL 258 

minuta, Brendel. 

scabra, Bretukl. 29 

Bucoulfttrix trifasciella, Clement 147 


carinatuB, Brendei.... 

OeicerU 112 

bicornuCa„ 117 

bidentata 130 


biungalaU, Crtsson 118 

Blakei, Owmi. 121 

californiea, Creaaon 128 

compacta, Crtaaon,... 
eompar, Crtaaon. 

Oubeusia, O-BMon.. .. 
deotifroDB, Creaan... 


Cufourii 131 

elegana 131 

festiva 123 

finitima, Creatan. „ 122 

davocoatalia. 123 

frODtata. 129 

fulvipsB, Cretaon. 120 

fmnipeuniB. -113 

imitator, Ocuon. 126 

iaaolita, Creaaon, 129 

Kennioottli, Oreaaim. 128 

la T igata —.133 

nigresceDB 123 





irroraU, Grote. 



Rob i neon ii, Orotc 







ChJonobaa io Kurth Ainerira. He- 
Tision of the hitherto known spe- 
cies of ihe genus, by fl. II. Scudder 








Crocotadiaparilis, Orote 


Banainee. Descriptions of some 
Bpeoiee of, by Tryon Reakirt. 


Btigmoeum, a-enrfrf.. 



intermedia 156, 1 

Diludia, G. A R 


Dolba hylieua 

Dory phi- ra Hl-lineaUi. 

Dryooami'a bicolor.... 
Ecpantheria ulbicornl 

El]em« hnrrisii 

Enyo Comertui 

Danum , 


Eresia^ Descriptions of son 
spoeies of. by Tryon Reaki 

Eresia Biitesii, Reakitt jji 

Corauela, Reakirt 22; 


Yorita, Rrnkirt.. 

Erinnyis Alope 

Orote.^ 230 

4o, 152 




Ello 73, 1( , 

guttalaris 79,168 

melancholica, GroU.,,.77, 168 
Merian*, Qrote. 75, 168 


*Enotrufl 76,168 

pallida, Grote. 78, 168 

rimosa. nrote. 73, 167 

Erithales quaeolda. 240 

" Craton 104 

canaliculatus 112 

cingulatus, Crason 110 

futvipes, Omsob... 
laticeps, Oressoa.... 
Buperlus, Creaaon., 



I>eilephila Calverlayi, Qrote 58, 1 

jEuhalisidota, Qrote. 2K 

I luia, Qroie. 24* 

Eupleetus crinitua, Brendel 260 

Euproetis argentiflua 24( 


Eu prose rpinus. O. dr B 177 

Phttkin ISl, 178 

Eupaeudosoma, <?rafe 240 

niveum, QtoU. 240 

EupyrrhoglosEum, Oralt 4! 

Euryptychia. Clement.. 

...-13, 150 

ua, Clenena... 


BlandeHa 145 

cnroiiicllft 1-15 

Deemixlifoliella, Cleneni...Mb 

fulgidelU 145 


LozotKDiafuacDlmeBnn.,CVeiiunil3B, I. 

purpuraiin, Clement I 

Bob oceans „1 

veeperana, CUintna... I 

Maoroglossa Thetie I 

Mocrosila Carolina 1 

celeus 1 

cingulata 1 

.snitiB CBliforniei, EtakiH 2'. 

Micro-Lepidoptera. North Araeri- 
■Aa, by Brackearidge Clemens, H. 



HEemorrbagia, Q. ir B.. 

gracilis, G. * JJ...141I, 174 

ruficaudia 149, 175 

Ilalceidota Autipbola 

ciuctipes, Groit. 

cubcDsis, GntU. 243 



teasellaris 1 

Halonota tautana I 

JlemeroplHiies pseudotbyreua. Qroie 

4fl, 152, 1J« 

Heterocampa cubana, Grait S52 





Hjmenopsyche, Grvte.... 

raediostriatella, Cteineni....HT 
Itbomia So! 

Lapara bombycoidea ISfi 

Lepiaeeitt, GroU 38 


Leptoria, Clement 13B 

breviornalana, Clement. 

LimenitEs. Deacription ofa newepe- 

cies of, by Wm. II. Edwards 

Limenitis Froaerpina, Sdwards 

LoxoUBoia fraclivittana, Clement 136 






fuscotibiella. 146 

PlataoellB 146 

Bubifaliella 146 

Bagiaella 1(S 

<EoetiouB Foeyi 24T 

(Enoaandft nootuiformia 79 

On Fhytophagic Varieties and Pby- 
tophagic Bpecies, with remarks on 
the Unity of Coloration in Insects, 

by Benj. D. Walah, M. A 194 

Otus Chcerilus 81, 153 

MyroD 81,153 

Pholus 81, IS* 




83, 1S9 

Pareuchietea, Orole. 245 

affinia, GroU. 245 

cadaveroaa, Orote 24S 

Pergeaa thorates 49, 154 

Perigonia Lefsbvrii 48, 158 

lusca 47, 153 

reatituta 153,177 

undata 192 

Perophora Fackardii, Orote. 251 

Philampelua 83 

Achemon 158, 184 

faaciatua 59, 84 

IftbrUBCffi 62,158 



L}'caoa„ 00, l&T, 183 

BtreDuas HO, l&T 

viliB. 6», 83, 1M, 170, 181 

PhitinthidiQcfNorthAineriea. Mo- 
nograph of the, by E.T. CresBOD... 8S 

FhilauthuB.- 85 

Blbifrona, CrtuoH 101 

albopiloeui, Crttton 81 

barbaCut 103 

bilunatus, CWuon ST 

urabroniformis 104 

dubiuB, Craaon Bfl 

flAvifroiis, Cratm 102 

frigidua 87 

frontalia, Craton^ 9B 

gtoriosus, Ortnton 86 

laticinctus, Omtoti^ 81 

lepidua, OwwB B! 

polituB 9i 

pulchellua, Oremim. B3 

Serieorii initrutana, (^tmait., 
mutibilana, Clenera.... 

Bideria? nubilaaa, Cltneni... 

Sphingicainpa diatigma. SO; 

Si'hingide. Notei on Cuban, by A. 
B. G™te 3; 

S]ibiDgida. A Synonymical Ceta- 
Ingu? or North American, with 
Nutes and Descriptions, by Grote 
A Robinaon m 


Banbornif, Crenon. 80 

aimillimus. Ocaion 05 

solivagua 103 

veotilabria B8 

rhrjne inimacuUta, Grott 246 

Platysainia, Grofe 228 

californica, Grote 220 

cecropia 22B 

colambia _220 

Froaerpinus gaum 161, 177 

Paelaphidffi. On aome new apeci^a 

of, by Brail Brendel, M. D 28 

Paelaphid», New apeciee and cor- 
rectioQS in the fkmily, by Emil 

Brendel, M. D 255 

Paeudosphini Tetrio_ 64, 181 

Paychonootua, GroU 240 

personalia, Qrote 251 

Bobinaonia, Orole. 241 

formula, Grole 241 

Samia 228 

Sericoria 133 

eouoinnina, Cftmau 134 


fcadana, CVenwiu 134, 

gratloaana, dement. 

Spiloaoma juasisB , 

Steganoptycha oriapata, CTemen. 

flaTOoellana, dement 

SligmoDota interatincUna 

triatrigaua, Clement... 

Syiygia, G. i S 


Tortrii? furaiferana, Clemen* 

incertana, Clement. 

luloaana, Clement. 

ijum impunctatum, Srenijej 259 

Tychiw bythinioidea, Brendel. 25B 

Utetheaia bella 234 

XanlhoaetiaaJbicomaaa, Ctement....\SJ 
Xyleutea piger, Orote. 254 


Mr. M. C. Sommer, of Altono, near Hamburg, Germany, was elected 
a Corrttponding Member of the Society, 

November 13, 1B65. 
Vice FreaideDt Fine in the Chair. 

The following Papers were presented for publicslian in the Proceed- 

" On Phytophagio Varieties and Phytophagic Species, with remarks 
on the uDity of coloration in Insects, by Benj. D, Walsh, M. A," 

'' New species and corrections in tlie family Pselaphidse, by Gmil 
Brendel, M. D." 
* " Descriptions of some new species of Danainse, by Tryon Reakirt." 

" Descriptions of some new species of Ereaia, by Tryon Beakirt." 

"A revision of the Fossorial Hymenoptera of North America — Family 
Crabronidse, by A. S. Packard, Jr., M. D." 

" CaU-logue of the described Tenthredioidie and T.'roceridse of North 
America, by Edward Norton." 

" A list of CoDopidae in the Collection of the Entomological Society 
of Philadelphia, by E. T. CressoD." 

" Descriptions of new North American Lcpidoptera, by E. T. Crcssou." 

On ballot, the following persons were elected Corretponiiing Mem- 
bers of the Society ; — C. V. Riley, of Chicago, III. ; Edmand Bayiies 
Reed, of London, C. W. ; E. Suffert, of Maianias, Cuba. 

Dbcembkr 11, 1865. 

Tice-President Pine Id the Chair. 

The Annual It«port of the Recording Secretary was read, as follows: 


In accordance with an established rule of the Society, the Recording 
Secretary presents the following as his Annual Report fur the year 
186S, wherein it will be seen that much has been accomplished by the 
Society towards the advancement of the science of Entomology. The 
members have good cause to be gratiGed at what has been accomplished 
during the past year; additions have been made to the different orders 
embraced in this department of science, rendering great facilities for 
comparison and study. The Library has also been increased, and now 
ranks high in the category of works of reference relatiog to Natural 


Science. For theadditJona to tho Cabinet* and Libraryweare mainly 
tQdebt«d to Kathmeli Wilson, Esq., Ei'r &c. of the late Br. T. B. Wil- 
son, who has generously endeavored to carry out the known wiehea of 
his brother. 

The publication of the Proceedings have been regularly continued 
through the past year, and has now reached its fifth volume. Special 
care has been taken in the style and execution of the work, and as a 
Society we may well feel proud of the results. 

During the year past, there have been presented for publication 33 
Papers, as follows; — 

5. By E. T. Cruxm, to wit:— 
"Catalogue of Hymenoptera in the Collection of the EDtoinolngicBl Society 

of Fhiladfilphia, from Colorado Territory." 
"Description otsome new apeoies of Miitilla, from California." 
" Monograph of the Philsnthidre of Mortb America." 
"A liat of Conopidw in the Collection of the Society, with desoriptions of new 

" Descriptions of new N. A. Hyraenoptera, in the Collection of the Society." 
i. By Aug. R. Orote, to wit;— 

" On tlie aynonomy of Parathyris Angelica, Grote." 

" DeacripUons of North American Lepidoptera. No. 8." 

" Deaeription of a new apeoiea of the genus Citheronia." 

" Notes on certain North American Attaoid genera and speciea." 
3. By Aug. R. 'iroUand Cohman T. Mobinnon, to wit;— 

" Lepidopterologicftl Nolea and Dpscriptions." Two Papers. 

"A Synonymioal Catalogueof N. A. Sphingidse, with notes and description a." 
3. By Wm. If. Edumrda, to wit:— 

"Descriptions of certain apeciea of Diurnal Lepidoptera, found within the 
limita of the United States and British North America. No.-4.'' 

" Notes upon Papilla Asteriaa and Saturnia Promethia hermaphrodites." 

"Description of a new apeoies uf Limenitis," 
3. By Tiyon KeakiH, lo wit:— 

" Obseryatioas upon some Ameriean Pierinte." 

" Descriptions of some new species of Danaince." 

" Deacriptiona of some new species of Eresia." 

•The following entracts, raade from the Reporta of the Committees in charge 
of the various departments, will show the condition of the Cabinet at the pre- 

Ooleoptem now in the Collection, 8,2*0 apecies. Increase 2,512 species. 

Lepidoptera " " 4,35(1 ■' " 216 " 

Hymenoptera " " l,09t " " 214 " 

BipUra " " 56.1 " " 132 " 

MuToptera " " 160 " " 16 " 

Orlhopiera •' " 76 " " » " 

Beraiptera \ ,, ,, ..n ,, „ ot u 

AptJy, 1 "^ " 
Making a total of I&,151 species, being an increase of 3,126 species during the 
past year. 


i. Bj Bxrait S. (Mm Sact.v, U> wit:— 

" Description of eorae new genera and epeeiesof Korth American Limnoblna." 

'■Coiitributiona to (he Natural Uutorj of Cj-nipida of tbc United States and 
of their galU. Article 4th." 
2, By Jaina H. B. Bland, lo wit :— 

" Deicri|)tions ot new North American Cot«optera." 

" Compiled descriptions of North American Btaphylindn." 
2. By Bmil Brendcl, If. D., to wit :— 

"(III gume new epecies of P^elaphida." 

"Sew species and corrections in the family PaeUphidn." 
1. By Ckarlei A. Blakt, to wit :— 

" Description of a, new species of Cuban Lepidoptera." 
1. By II. W. Bala, lo wit:— 

"^otee upon the Tsriatioii of sexes in Argyniirs Diana." 
1. By fleJiry Mimer, to wit; — 

" Description of the imago and larvn of a new specie* of Chryaapa." 
1. By Sen. C. J. S. Btthaae, to wit:— 

" Descriptions of three new species of Xocturnal Lepidoptera." 
1. By Samufl H. Hmdder, to vit:— 

"Revision of the hitherto known species of the genus Chionoliaa in North 

1. By Bi-arkcnridgt Cltsunii, M. D,, to vit : — 

" North American Micro-Lapidoptcra." 
1. By Benjamin D. Walah, ii. A., to wit ;— 

"On Phytophagic Varieties and Phylophagic Species, with remarks on the 
Dnitj of Coloration in Inseota." 
1. By A. S. Fackard. Jr., M. D., to wit:— 

"A resiaii^n of Iho Fossorial Hymeooptera of North America, Family Cra- 

1. By Edaard Korlon, to wit : — 
" Catalogue of the described Tentkredinidas and Uroceridas of North America." 

During the past y«ar, ending November 30, 18G5, there bare been 
elected five Besident and sixteen Corresponding members. The So- 
ciety DOW Dumbers fitly-five Resident a.nd one hundred Correapondiog 

The painful duty here devolves upon me to record the death of one 
who was dear to ua, and whose loss is deeply felt. Our hite fellow- 
member. Dr. Thomas B. Wilson, was removed from our midst by death 
in the early part of the year, and it is only now that we begin to realize 
the greatness of the loss we have sutttained. He, by whose kindness 
and liberality the Society has been enabled to become what It now is, 
was suddenly cat down, and we are left to mourn over greatness and 
modest worth departed and labors incompleted. He had endeared 
himself to us all, and it will be long ere we see his like again. His 
was a life worthy of imitation, and although he baa heeo taken from 
us, yet his example will not be held up in vain. The Society has been 


led to greater exertions than it would have made bad Dr. Wilson been 
permitted to remain with ua, and there is every reason to believe that 
ere long this Society will attain that importance in the scientific world 
which he, while living, desired so ardently to realise. 

During the past few months strenuous efforts have been made, with 
a view towards placing the Society upon a solid and permanent basi". 
Printed appeals have been circulated far and near, and committees ap- 
pointed for the purpose of making known more generally the existence 
of Bueb a Society, and of exhibiting id its behalf the interests of those 
who are favorubly inclined towards the cause of Bciencc. 

The Society furthermore, desiring to be of practical use to the com- 
munity, and especially that portion embracing Agriculture, has com- 
menced the publication of a rooothty sheet, styled '■ The Practical En- 
tomologist," for gratuitous distribution, whereby it is thought much 
valuable information may be disseminated and thousands of dollars 
saved. The results of tliese efforts can only be determined in the future. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

J. Frank Knight, 

Recording Seerelary. 

The Annual Beports of the Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, and 
Standing Committees, were read. 

The following paper was preEented for publication In the Proceed- 
ings: — 

" Not^ on the Bombyoidse of Cuba, by Aug. R. Grote." 

And was referred to ■ Committee. 

The Society then proceeded to elect Officers and Standing Commit- 
tees for the ensuing year, with the following result : — 

iVfciHien*— Robert Frwer. I CorreipondiTig Secrelajy—E. T. CreBson. 

I Secording Stcrtlary — J. Frank Knight. 
W. McAlliiter. 

Oh ColMpUra—3. E. B. Bland, Bamuel Lewia, M. D., Cbarlea Wilt. 
0» Lcfiiii^ttTa—Jatatie Ridings, Ch&rltB A. Blalie, Aug. R. Grote. 
On Symetutplera—E. T. Cresaon, J. W. MoAlliBter, Daniel Wieet. 
On Diptem— Aug, R. Orote, Charles Wilt, E. T. Creseon. 

On Xturopttra and OrtAopttra— 3 oho Meichel, JameB Ridings, Wm. S. Pine. 
On JlemipUra andApUra — Jamei H. RidiQga, J. Frank S night, Geo. B. Dixon. 
On library— Charlei A. Blake, Samuel Lewia, M. D., J. Frank Knight 
On Puiiicafwn— E. T. Crosaoa, Aug. R. Grote, J. W. McAllister. 
On OallteHTUi Fund—Btmue\ Lewis, M. D., Robert Frazer, Prof. J. Eddib. 
On TnKcl Archittctvre — J. Frank Knight, Ju. H. Ridings, Chas. A. Blake. 








At niHB Hall, (IB Bootb THiaraBan St. 



FrwMdiBft of. tk« SRTOKOLOOICAL 800IZTT OF PHILADELrglA. «t » 
SpMiiBl KmUng, Hftrgli IS, ISSS. 

Tbe following Preamble aai Resolutioas were unanimoaal}' adopted;— 

Vthereaa, Id th* provideiice of God, ve are called upon to mourn the Ioib nf 
one of our most Talued mflmbers, therefore 

Ruolvtd, That this Bocietj has heard with unfeigned and deep sorrow the 
loss it lias guatained b^ the death of our late fellow member, Dr. Thomas B. 
Wilson, ooe of the earliest and most devoted members of this Institution. 

Setohed, That as from the verj commencement of this Society, it has had 
his firm and unwavering support, by contributing most liberally to its Library 
and Cabinet, and by large endowments in money i therefore, the members of 
this Society iDdividually feel that they have lost a warm friend, one whose 
advice and sympathy were always honestly given for tbe best interests o( the 
Society: and that through the whole period of its existence, the Socielv has 
felt thebena&clal iufluenc* of his personal worth, and of his soujid and diacri- 
minating judgment. 

Resolved, That the members of this Booiety deeply sympathise with the rela- 
tives and friends of the deoeaaed in the bereavement they have sustained in 
the death of our lamented friend. 

Seaolved, That a copy of these Besolations, signed by the President of thia 
Boeietv, be communicated to the [amity of the deceased, with our heartfelt 

On motion, it was also fnrther 
Stmlved, That a Committee of throe be appointed to draw up for publicotioa 
in the " Proceedings" of this Society, a Uemoir setting forth, in an appropriate 
manner, the tabors and endowments of Dr. Thouab B. Wilbon in the Entomo- 
logical Society of Fhi l ttdplphi ff , 

Ommiittee— Prof. JACOB ENSIS, 



When a man has made himself a beoefactor of the human family 
by devoting hia life and a lar^e fortune to the promotion of science, 
gralituJe demands that we perpetuate his memory, and uphold his 
esample for the advancement of those sciences for which he lived. 
Therefore we form this memoir to commemorate the life and character 
of our late associate Thomas Belllrby Wilson. His father was 
Edward Wilson, and his mother was Elizabeth Belterby, both born in 
England, but they came to America previous to 1800, and were mar- 
ried in 1802. .They settled in Philadelphia, where their third child, 
Thomas, was born January 17th, 1807. 

As every fiict in the life of such a man is invested with a charm and 
an enduring interest, his schoolboy days should here be mentioned. 
During the yeai% 1818 and 1819 he attended a Friends' School, on 
the east side of Fourth street, below Chestnut, taught by Thomas 
Dugdale, where, among other things, he studied Latin. In 1820 his 
father made the voyage to England, and he took Thomas along and 
placed him at a school in Darlington, Durham County, in the north of 
England. He remained in this school the most of his time during 
two years — a period sufficiently long, at his age, to receive very many 
and vivid impressions of the land of his forefathers. These he must 
have recalled often during the remaining portion of his life, and they 
doubtless aided in attracting him so frequently across the Atlantic. 

He returned to America in the spring of 1822, being then in his 
Miteenth year. His disposition to engage in practical Hcientific pur- 
suits now begins to shape the course of his life. Instead of again en- 
tering school on his returning to his native city, he became an appren- 
tice to the study and practice of Pharmacy in the establishment of 
the late Mr. Frederick Brown in Chestnut street, on the north-east 
comer of Fifth street. Although he was the son of a gentleman of 
fortune, and had anticipations of an ample pecuniary inheritance, yet 
we behold him in this unpretending employment sober, industrious, 
persevering and contented. His happiness was complete, for he had 


daily opportunities of gainiai; a knowledge of the wonders of the phy- 
sical universe. To a ootemporary observer, or to a narrator of facts in 
after times, he might be regarded simply us an apprentice in an apothe- 
cary store; but in reality, this was a university education for him. 
Here he could learn the forces which dwell everywhere in the organic 
world. Every article in the store, every mineral he handled, every 
common stone in the street, was seen by him to he filled with wonders, 
and to possess a long history throngh which it had passed in the in- 
conceivable ages gone by. This was the most decisive period in his 
life. Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Minerology and Geoli^j un- 
folded to him their treasnres, and allured him with prospects of an 
indefinite' career of knowledge. He persevered six years in these pur- 
suits not knowing whither they would lead ; but it was enough for 
him to know that he was pn^jresaing rapidly in the knowledge of the 
great creation around him. At the end of that time it was decided 
that he should give np forever alt thoughts of being employed in the 
peculiar duties of pharmacy, and that he should enter on a more ex- 
tended sphere of contemplation. Geology at that time, 1828, was 
awakcDiDg a deep ioterest in America, and be made preparations for his 
first geological tour. In the autumn of that year, in company with 
two or three young friends, he set out on an excursion for geological 
investigations through the coal regions of Pennsylvania. Their mode 
of travelling was on horseback, and their route lay up the Delaware 
river to the Lehigh; up the Lehigh and through the coal and moun- 
tain regions on its head waters; thence across the dividing watershed 
to the basin of the Snsqaehanna ; through the Wyoming valley and its 
adjacent coal fields; then down the Susquehanna to its junction with 
the West Branch at Northumberland and Sniihury; thence eastwardly 
again across the dividing watershed to the head branches of the Schuyl- 
kill ; then through the Schuylkill coal region ; and finally down that 
river to ite mouth at Philadelphia. As geology was then a new sci- 
ence in America, this pioneer ezploratiun of these young men was 
highly creditable. Henceforward the geological history of our globe 
was never to be absent from the mind of Wilson. He saw its deep 
significance, and how all the natural sciences, organic and inorganic, 
must be made tributary in order to understand the long process by 
which our world has become what it is. He was now to decide what 
course to adopt with a view of laying still more thoroughly and broadly 
the foundation of his future scientific course. Accordingly, in the 
autumn of the same year he entered the University of Pennsylvania as 


a medical student, and was fortunate in having the very emineot Dr. 
Physic as his private preceptor in the medical profession. Already 
the medical department of the Univeraity of PennsylTBaia had at- 
tained pre-eminence among the institutioDB of the United States, and 
his opportunities for acquiring knowledge were of a very high order. 
He graduated in the spring of 1830, but hia thirst for information in 
the structure of the great world around him, impelled him to enter on 
a still wider course of study. Europe was then far more advanced 
than America in the sciences, and he determined to avail himself of 
whatever advantages he could enjoy beyond the Atlantic. He accord- 
ingly embarked, and arrived in Paris ten days before the Revolution 
of July, 1830. He there listened to the lectures of Cuvier and other 
Professors who gave the Unireraity of Paris its celebrity. He was a 
frequent visitor to the Jardin des Plantes, and besides bis medical 
studies he paid much attention lo Botany, Zoology and Geology. The 
next summer, after his arrival in Europe, he made a tour on foot to 
form a practical acquaintance with the natural history of that part of 
the world. He was accompanied by a young friend and fellow-student, 
Dr. Caspar Pinnook of the vicinity of Philadelphia, and with their 
knapsacks on their bacta and their geological hammers in their hands, 
they travelled estensively through France and Switzerland. During 
the period of his residence in Europe he also visited England and Ire- 
land, and attended a course of medical lectures in Dublin. Afler 
remaining two years beyond the Atlantic, he returned again to his 
native city, Philadelphia. 

We now behold him fairly furnished by a variety of studies for a 
life of scicntiflc usefulness. His iipprenticeship in pharmacy had 
yielded its fruits of Chemistry. Natural Philosophy, and Minerology. 
His attendance on the lectures of the Universities in Philadelphia, Paris, 
and Dublin, are now over, and they have given him grand and glorious 
views of the Material Universe. His geological tours in America and 
Europe have made bim practically acquainted with the structure of 
our planet. Henceforth, independently of Schools and Universities, he 
pursues his way deeply and more deeply in the mysteries of creation. 

He was qualified, and had received his diplomas, for the practice of 
medicine, but, except as a matter of benevolence, his medical practice 
was neglected foi" scientific investigation. The Asiatic cholera had 
raged in Europe while he was there, and he had thoroughly and prac- 
tically studied its mode of treatment ; and as that epidemic reached 
America in the same season of bis own arrival, his services as a phyai- 


(u&n were peculiarly valuable. But loatead of eatenog on a medi<iat 
practice, lacrative to himsalf, he devoted all his time that eummer gra- 
trntously to a hospital for the poor. It was situated in the southeast- 
ern part of the city and placed under the care of three phyeieians, the 
other two being considerably older than himself. Tradition reports 
that nearly the entire labor devolved on him. Being the youngest 
and most active of the three, having had ample experience in cholera 
practice in Europe, and his colleagues having their own private prao- 
tice in the city, he was engaged night and day for a large part of the 
season in the most arduous duties. In the autumn, when the epidemic 
had abated, it was necessary for him to leave the city for the renova- 
tion of his own health and strength, and he retired for a few weeke to 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, and to Newoastle county, Delaware. 

Immediately on his advent in the country the prominent traits of his 
character were manifest. He is reported to have been engaged from 
morning to night in practical botany and ornitholc^y. He collected, 
pressed and dried plants, and arranged them systematioally in his her* 
barium, and with his gun he captured birds, or quietly and taborioosly 
made anatomical preparations, either of their skulls or sternums or 
entire bony skeletons. He had attended Cuvier's lectures on Compa- 
rative Anatomy, and now he was forming a collection of specimens for 
his own private study, and which aiterwards aided to enrich the Mu- 
seum of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. 

The winter of lS3:i-3 he spent in Philadelphia, and in the spring 
he removed to New London township, Chester oounty, Penn., where 
be resided with his brother Rathmell eight years. He here purchased 
a farm which he ever after continued to hold. Daring this time he 
was busily employed as a naturalist in the study of objects around his 
own home, or in frequent tours to distant parts of the republic. He 
kept always a well supplied medicine .ihest, and prescribed and gave 
medicine gratuitously to neighbors who applied at his residence ; but 
his general rnle was not to make professional visits. Before leaving 
Europe he had purchased a choice medioal library, aud an excellent 
set of surgical instruments; but now resolviug to be entirely devoted 
to science and not a practicing physician, he gave the former to the 
Medical Society, and the latter to Wills Hospital, in Philadelphia. 
During his residence in New London tradition reports tbe surprise of 
the people in that vicinity when they saw him in his long walks along 
the brooks and through the fields, groves, and woods, with his botany 
box on his back, his entomological net in his bauds, the handle of his 


geolc^ical hammer exteDding from hts ooat-pocket, aad hU hat covered 
all around with beetles, butterflies aod otber insects which he had 
pinned thereon. This is the firat intimation we have in his history of 
the beginning of that large Entomological Collection of more than 
20,00U specimens, which fae recently presented to this Society. The 
brother with whom he resided at that time, writes to us tbatiGleolog)' 
was then his favorite study. And this science continued to be his 
fevorite study during his whole life. In February, 1861, he was met 
for the first time at the Hall of this Society, by a friend who expressed 
to him bis surprise at fiading him so deeply engaged in Entomology, as 
fae had thought that Ornithology engaged nearly all his time. Dr. 
Wilson replied, '' 1 am as much interested in one of I'hese sciences as 
in the other; but the science above all others in which I am most in- 
terested, is Geology." In his walks as a naturalist, therefore, geology 
received a large share of his atteution. These walks were often ex- 
tended to excursions of several days, sometimes to weeks and even to 
months. When these journies were long he went on horseback but 
never in a carriage. Instead of having a well-packed travelling trunk 
contaiuiog the usual conveniences or luxaries for travelliog, he took 
along only one small valise. With this and a good horse he said he 
could go aod explore all the sequestered parts of the country which 
he could not so well reach with a carriage or with large luggage en-- 
cumbrauces. The washing of his linen, he had found, could be done 
in any inhabited country, and new stout clothing would last in good 
condition until his return home ; so that hut a very few pieces were 
necesHary besides what he had on. It would be deeply interesting 
were we to have a precise record of these scientific tonra, especially 
when they were extended to far distant parte of the country. But be 
left no accounts of them, and it is impossible for his family to recall 
with precision his frequent journeys through a period of thirty-seven 
years, reckoning from his &rsl tour. We have already mentioned an 
excursion on horseback through Pennsylvania in 1828, and another on 
foot through France and Switzerland in 1831. In later years he vis- 
ited as a naturalist all the interesting localities of the republic, and of 
the neighboring Uritish Provinces. We know of his tours through 
'Western Virginia, Kentucky. Tennessee, all the States north of the 
Ohio river, and up the MissiNsippi as far as the Falls of St. Anthony. 
Occasionally he travelled in the ordinary manner when he took plea- 
sure in having bis nieces accompany him to the more celebrated places. 
To some of the attractive spots he went more thau once, such as the 


White Mountaioe, Lake George, Lake Ckamplain, Trenton Falla, Nia- 
gara Falls, the Natural Bridge in Yirginia, and the Mammoth Cave in 
Gentuckj. Id the Canada it is khowu that he travelled as far as the 
Si^enay River. 

Besides the two voj^es across the Atlantic, already described, he 
aflerwaids made three visits to Europe. One was undertaken in the 
spring of 1842, in companj with his brother Charles. He then tra- 
velled through England, France, Switzerland and Italy, and returned 
to America only b short time before the death of his father, which 
event occurred in December, 1843. Ho went to England again in 
lfi44, accompanied by his brother William, who describes his activity 
in visiting various mineral localities and points of geological interest 
in that country. He also at that time made large purchases of mineralo- 
gioal specimens and of fossil remains. His last voyage across the Atlan- 
do was in 1851, when he attended the great international exhibition in 
England. He then also visited Belgium, Holland, Germany, and 
France, staying a month in Paris with his brother William, who for 
several years made his home iu the capital of France. 

Previous to these last three voyages to Europe he had changed his 
residence in America. In the spring of 1841 he removed with his 
brother Bathmell from New London, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, to near 
Newark, Delaware. But while he resided both at New London and at 
Newark, he kept a house or suite of rooms in Philadelphia, which latter 
city he generally visited for a few days every week, and during some 
periods, indeed, he spent continuonsly more time in the city than in the 

Although Dr. Wilson travelled so frequently and so far, it is very 
characteristic of him that we know so little of his travels. Indeed, 
the most of his acquaintances never knew that he travelled at all. He 
invariably, on all occasions, refrained from speaking of himself, or of 
what he had done. Probably no one ever fulfilled more strictly than 
himself the rule, " Let not the left hand know what tby right hand 
doeth." His favorite motto through life was " Res non Verba." He 
made no record of his journeys, and even his own immediate family 
can simply state that they were frequent and performed in the most 
simple and unostentioua manner. His object wherever he went was 
to observe — to obtain larger and deeper views of the great world in 
which we live ; and beyond this all else was of minor value. But 
while we are able to give no narratives of his voyages and travels, we 
can contemplate with the highest admiration the rich fruits which his 


tar-ezteaded observations yielded. These fruits consist in hia strong 
and deep coDviotiona of the paramount importance of the Natural Soi- 
encsB. In hie favorite Geo\ogj he aair the history of the creation of 
our globe, and the history of its endowment with millions of ipeoies 
of plants and animals. Around this science he saw all the sciences 
clustering, and each one revealing its own peculiar part in the forma- 
tion ol our planet. With his enlarged views he loved to look baek 
through the inconceivable ages — the millions of years — that are past, 
and to contemplate the doings of a wise and benevolent Creator. He 
saw that for the moral and intellectual welfare of the human family, 
nothing was more important than to be blessed with the grand and 
elevated views of the proceedings of the Eternal. Therefore he devoted 
all his talents, all his time, and all his pecuniary incoiue to the promo- 
tion of Science. And therefore he was unwearied and unsparing in 
fonnding Scientific Institutions, in collecting Scientific Libraries, and 
objecle of Natural History. In these institutions, in these musenins, 
and in these libraries, be had the happiness of beholding many scien- 
tific men at work night and day exploring the hidden things of Ck)d, 
and every year — indeed every month — announcing new truths to the 
world. The number of young men especially who devoted themselves 
to scientific labors in the institutions founded by him, is remarkable. 
And through them and through others yet to rise up, his infiuenoe 
will be felt in coming time beyond any definite period we can fix. As 
far OS we can see, speaking deliberately and calmly, his infiuence will . 
tell upon the destinies of man forever. Such is the exalted attribute 
of great benevolent sacrifices. " Yield ye yourselves living sacrifices 
to God" is an ancient precept ; and Thomas Bellerby Wilson, devoting 
himself with his whole heart, is a beautiful modern example. Beau- 
tiful because of his modesty, his uaostentatioos quietness, and his con- 
stant, daily devotion to the work of benevolence, apparently insenuble 
that he was so devoted. 

The principal institulionB established by Dr. Wilson were the Aca- 
demy of Natural Sciences, and the Entomological Society of Phila- 
delphia. The former of these was founded in 1812 by a few men of 
very moderate means, but with a high appreciation of the value of 
scientific truth. But it owes its building, its scientifia library, and its 
magnificent collection of objects of Natural History chiefly to two indi- 
viduals, William Maoltu-e and Thomas B. Wilson. It is noteworthy 
how many points of resemblance there were between these two cha- 
racters. Both made geology their fovoiite study; both travelled ez- 


tensively on both sidea of the Atlantic ; both devoted all their time and 
large pecuDiary fortunea to the welfore of the hnmaD family ; both 
made the advancement of science the chief subject of their conversa- 
tion, and the oonstant employment of their thoughts ; and both lived 
unmarried livea. 

Chiefly under the auspices of Maelure the Academy in 1)^17 com- 
menced a publication of its new discoveriefl, called the Journal. It 
was in octavo form and its continuation in later years has been called 
the Proceedings. A considerable portion of the first volume was printed 
in an apartment in his own house, and with types and a printing press 
furnished by himself Chiefly through the influence of Dr. Wilson 
the Academy commenced, in 1S47. in addition to the Proceedings, 
another publication also called the Journal, but in folio size, and in 
handsome form. This haj* been regularly sualained. 

Muolure, at different periods before his death in 1839, presented to 
the Library of the Academy 5,23'i volumes. About a thousand of 
these were folios and quartos, many being very rare and costly. " The 
value of these aoquisitiona was greatly enhanced by the fact that they 
were possessed by no other ioBtitation on this side of the Atlantic." 
At that date the entire number of volumes in the library whs less than 
7,000. The whole number of donations to the library by Dr. Wilson, 
as recorded on the library books, is more than 1'2,0U0, But as some 
of these are pamphlets, or rather separate series, deliveries of the same 
volume, the number of entire volumes when bound may be about 
11,000. The donations to the same library by his brother Rdward 
Wilson have been 3,662. The number of volumes in the Library is 
about 25,000, showing that it is chiefly the gift of Maelure and the 
brothers Wilson. But the number of volumes gives only a feint idea 
of the value of the gitl; generally the volumes are rare, richly orna- 
mented with plates and very costly. 

Maelure in 1837 and 18^8 gave «20,000 for the erection of the pre- 
sent building of the Academy, which was completed early in 1840. 
He bad previously contributed at a single donation $.i,000 for liqui- 
dating a debt on the old building first occupied by the Academy in 
182fi, on the south-east corner of Sansom and Twelfth streets. One 
of the motives which led him to the erection of a new building was 
that the very valuable collection of books presented by him, might be 
preserved in a fire-proof edifice. Actuated by a similar motive, the 
necessity of space to hold his own vast donations to the Museum and 
Library, Dr. Wilson enlai^d the building to more than double its for- 


mer size, and donbtleas he would have made it still larger had the 
<rroands been more esteoeiye. The first enlargement was in 1S47, 
when the houee was extended 30 feet westward, and the second was in 
1853, when the entire structure ao extended was elevated 24 feet. His 
eipenditnres in these improvements we do not fullj know; one of his 
donations was (10,000 for the payment of a mortgage, another wan 
$7,00{l for building the glass cases and which now first becomes known 
and only by accident, another was S^,700 on a subscribtion list to 
which ninety other gentlemen contribated £8,525, among whom was 
his brother W. S. Wilson who gave 8500. Dr. Wilson's gifts for 
building the Academy must hare been quite equal to Maclare's, 
namely S25,U00, and bow much more we do not know. 

While the building and the library are mainly the donations of 
Maclure and the brothers Wilson, the fact stands out still more promi- 
mentty that the Museum of the Academy is mainly the donation of 
Dr. Wilson, considerably assisted by his brother Edward Wilson. This 
is illustrated, for instance, by the ornithological department. His col- 
lections of birds had long been deposited in the Museum for the use of 
the members, but the formal presentation did not take place until 
March 20th, 18fi0. This was done through a letter written by himself t*i 
the Academy. The remarks on that occasion by Mr. John Cassin, the 
eminent ornithologist, show the extent of the collections, and in what 
various ways they were made. The remarks were as follows ; " This 
donation by Dr. Wilson has been accumulated from various sources, since 
1845, with great jm^ment, and with constant and unremitted exertions 
on his part and also on the part of his brother, Mr. Edward Wilson, 
long resident in Europe. The latter named gentleman has most ably 
and sncoessftilly seconded his brother in the greatest enterprises ever 
entered upon in America, having for their object the promotion of the 
Zoological Sciences, and general Natural History, The results mainly 
have been, at this period, the formation of the library of this Academy 
and its collections in all departments, but especially in Minerology, 
Pahcontology, (!onchology, Crustacea, Ichthyology, and Ornithology. 

'■The very extrusive and comprehensive series now presented, with 
the comparatively small collection previously owned by the Academy, 
comprise one of the most complete Ornithological Museums extant. It 
is, in fact, one of tbe four great collection of birds in the world, aad, 
so far as can be ascertained from published catalogues, is fairly entitled 
to be considered as presenting faoilities for study in this favorite branch 
of Natural History, equal to thoae of any other Institution. 



" Mainlj, the collectioD of Dr. Wilson was based on that of General 
Maaaena, Duke of'Rivoli, and his sod, M. Victor Masiieiia, Prince 
D'Easling, which was regarded as the finest private collection in Eu- 
rope. This was acquired by purchase in 1846, and brought to thin 
country. Various other valuable and more or less extensive collections 
have been added since that period, including Mr. Gould's Australian 
birds, which are the types of his great work, " The Birds of Austra- 
lia," and embracing all the species then Icdowd, except five ouly. An- 
other important collection, mainly Parrots, Humming Birds, and Tana- 
gers, was that of 31. Boureier, a diwtingmshed French Ornithologist, 
and quite equally so was a collection inaUe in the interior countries of 
India, by Capt. Boys, of the East India Company's service. Very 
important, too, are the collections from the Lejden Museum, through 
the influence of the eminent Naturalists now or lately attached to that 
Institution, particularly the celebratpd Temminck, and many others 
obtained in Europe through the faithful and judicious exertions of 
Mr. Edward Wilson for the interests of this Academy. 

" Numerous other smaller additioos have been made, whenever op- 
portunity presented in this country, by Dr. Wilson, and also have been 
derived from European Naturalists by exchange and purchase, to the 
extent of several thousand specimens. Messrs. Yerreaux, the well- 
known commercial naturalists and ornithologists of Paris, have been 
of exceeding service, and but little less so has been Mr. John G. BeU. 
of New York, the principal commercial naturalist in this country, whose 
high interest in the prosperity of the Academy and scientific know- 
ledge, has never failed to be exerted and always has been of great 
value to the extension of the Collection. Mr. John Krider, Mr. Wm. 
S. Wood and James Taylor, of this city, have also furnished to Dr. 
Wilson many valuable specimens, and all of these gentlemen have in- 
variably shown the utmost cheerfulness and liberality in their business 
with the Museum of the Academy. 

" The collection of Dr. Wilson now presented has been derived from 
the following sources, and includes specimens nearly as here enumerated : 

Rivoli CollectioD. first purchase 12,00(1 apeciraeuB. 

■' " aecond purchaae 2,500 " 

Mr. Gould'a Australian Collection 2,000 " 

M. Bouroier'8 Collection 1,000 " 

Capt Boy'H Collection 1,000 " 

Mr. Edward Wilaon-s Collection in Europe, including col Ico- 

tious from the Leyden and British Mua«uma 4,600 •' 

Dr. Thomas B. Wilson's Collections in Europe 1,000 " 

" " " in United States ..._ 1,600 " 

Total now presented to the Academy 28,0*" apoeimens. 



" It may be of interest to adA, tfiat the collection preTiously owned by 
the Academy comprises about 3,000 specimens, including a very supe- 
rior North American series derived from nearly all ornithologist-s in 
the United States, who have invariably shown the greatest interest in 
the formation of the lar^ collection of thb Academy. The aggregate 
number of specimens exkihited and now belonging to the Academy is 
therefore about 2!t,U0l> birds." Besides this number, Dr. Wilson at 
that time presenl«d 2,000 unmounted skins, and since then the acqui- 
sitions from all sources have amounted to about 1,000 mounted speci- 
tnens. making the sura of about 82,000 in the Academy's Museum. 

This more than royal gift I)r. Wilson pre.^tented in a letter as modest 
and unpretending as though it had been a gratuity of about five dollars. 
The letter is as follows : 

Philadelphia, March 20. 1860. 

Drah Doctor — I enclose jou a memorandura by which you will pleftae pre- 
soDt to the A<;ademy my entire collection of birds now in the Academy. In 
addition to the 25,000 mounted spociinena there are about 3,000 mounted speci- 
meoB in the casee, which are the property of the Academy ; the entire number 
in the cases being about 2S,000 epecimeas. 

The donation does not ioclude the apecimena collected by Mr. Duchaillu in 
hia laal exeureion to Africa, ea these will have to be presented Jointly by the 
subscribers to the fund. When the difficulty with Mr. Duchaillu is settled, 
and the other subscribers are ready to make the donation, you are authorized 
to include my name in the liat of donora, without any further notice. 

As I have been twice poiaoned with arsenic during the past winter, I have 
concluded to give up all branches of Natural History which expose me to its 
influence. I shall not again open the eases of birds at the Academy, and shall 
be glad if you can find some member to take my place on the Ornithological 
committee^ if you can, you are authorized to offer my resiguation from the 
committee to the Academy. Yours, respectfully, 


To Da. Leidt, Curator of A. N, S. 

P. 8.— Having no farther use for the keys, I enclose tbem; the l»rger one 
belonga to the cases of mounted birds, the smaller one (o the duplicate cases in 
the lower room and to the oological cases in the Entomological room. 

T. B. W. 

To convey so great a gift, in a letter so simple and short is sublime. 
The style is in keeping with the character of the man, artless, sincere 
and open. There is something solemn in his delivery of the keys and 
his announcement " I shall never again open the cases at the Acade- 
my." He had spent many happy hours in contemplating and arrang- 
ing those feathered forms. Tor fourteen years he had been gathering 
them from every quarter of the land and of the sea. They formed now 
one of the four great collections in the world. He must have long 
looked upon them with gratification, and now he bids them adieu. 



He goes to another labor, another field of nsefulneas equally wide, ano- 
ther source of happiness equally as elevating. And he was not disap- 
pointed. It must ever be to us all a matt«r of thankfulness that he 
lived to behold another rich collection of his own making around him 
here in the Entomologioal Society. 

After the reading of Dr. Wilson's letter accompanying this magnifi- 
cent donation an interesting debate occurred. A member arose and 
ofieted a resolution that a committee be appointed to draft resolutions 
expressive of the views and feelings of the Academy in relation to Dr. 
Wilson's great ornithological gift. This wasat ouoe opposed by several 
members who represented how exceedingly painful any such resolu- 
tions would be to Dr. Wilson. One of them related an occurrence 
which took place several years ago when Dr. Wilson had happened to 
become acquainted with some similar design which the Academy then 
had in contemplation. He went immediately to one of the prominent 
members and, with deep emotional earnestness, said he hoped they 
would immediately stop any such proceedings, for if they did not he 
would be compelled to stop his donations. To have public resolutions 
of thanks passed in his favor was too much for his peculiarly modest 
and retiring disposition. Of course the proceedings were at once 
quashed, and in like manner the resolution on the donation of the 
birds was withdrawn. 

No attempt can here be made to dascribe fully the other gifts of Dr. 
Wilson to the Museum. That would require a large volume. The de- 
partment of Conchology numbers more than 13,()U0 species, and more 
than five times that number of specimens. It is the largest cabinet of 
shells in America, and to this his contributions were on his usual liberal 
scale. The erustaceaas form a most striking display, and as we view 
them we are disposed to ask how they could be collected from all around 
the globe. The radiata, consisting of echinoderms and corals, in all the 
strangeness of these low forms of life, present a vast and instructive 
field of study. The fishes and the reptiles amaze the beholder by the 
multiplicity of their shapes, their adaptations to all imaginable condi- 
tions, and the astonishing number of their species. But the depart- 
ment enriched by Dr. Wilson preeminently next to Ornithology, is 
that of Geology, consisting of rare, beautiful and costly minerals, and 
the fossil remains of plants and animals. Every visitor to the .Museum 
is astonished by the perfectly preserved specimens of ichtheosauri and 
pleseosauri. Millions of years have rolled away since they played in 
the ocean, and here we think we see their bones fresh from a recent 



burial. Here Ib a resnrrectioa exhibiting the inhabitant of onr planet 
as it ciroulated aronnd the sun millions of years ago, and presented 
them every twenty-four hours to the warm rays of his light. We seem 
to be translated to another world, but it is only a translation to the 
former eras of this world. No wonder that Dr. Wilson aaid, " The sci- 
ence above all others in which I am most interested, is geology." 
When we are looking at the remains of these denizens of our planet 
which enjoyed the blessings of life through the long procession of mill- 
ions of years, it is then and then only that we can begin to understand 
what is meant by the words Creation and Creator! Nor can we under- 
stand these dead hones until we understand the living. It is only by 
the study of living beings that we oan study and comprehend the dead. 
Therefore to appreciate these fossil remains, and comprehend the monu- 
ments which God has erected in different periods of the past for our 
iostraotion, we must have a museum of living things. We must com- 
pare them all together; we must study the grand and compreheoaiTe 
system of organic life; for all living things, whether of the present or 
of the past, are connected in intimate relationships. Nothing stands 
alone. And living beings which now seem to stand alone, we see to 
be connected with the entire family by the discovery of their dead 
near relations in the rocks, which form connecting links to complete 
the chaio. Not only are we unable to form any just ideas of the words 
Creation and Creator without the fossil remains of the past, but we are 
equally unable to form an idea of the creation of living beings without 
a Museum. It is only when we stand amid Wilson's collection of 
birds that we can have an idea of creative power and creative wbdom 
and creative goodness in that single department of creation. And so 
of the fishes, the reptiles, the constaceaDs, the plants, the minerals and 
every other department. Here in this Museum of 50,000 insects, the 
rich treasure of the Entomological Society, can we only begin to un- 
derstand the doings of the Eternal One in the work of creating these 
diminutive creatures. Let no one wonder that Dr. Wilson spent so 
much money and so much of his life in the establishment of the Aca- 
demy of the Natural Sciences, and in founding this Entomological 
Society. The real wonder is that so few men of wealth do the same. 
How oan life, or how can wealth have nobler objects '! 

Dr. Wilson's labors and pecuniary sacrifices in founding the Entomo- 
logical Society of Philadelphia, began with its very beginning. On 
February 14th, 1859, Messrs. JameR Ridings, George Newman, and 
Ezra T. Creeson, at the house of the latter gentleman, then in Erie 



street, No. 728, proposed amoDg themselves to form nn Entomological 
Society, nod to invite to the house on the 22iid of the same month, 
snoh of their aoquaintances aa would likely become members. Fifteen 
persons attended, namely, Dr. Tbomaa B. Wilson, T. B. Aahtfln, Jas. 
Ridings, George Newman, J. W, McAllister, George HJU, John Pear- 
sail, Robert Jack, Charles Wilt, Louis Schneider, William Wolter, 
Henry Fcldman, Thomas Cos, J. H. B. Bland, and E. T. Cresson. 
This may be regarded as the first meeting of the Society, and since 
then its meeting have been regular. It has been related by one of 
the members then present, that he scarcely observed an individual who 
sat rather retired at one side of the room, and nho made only one or 
two short observations during the whole evening. Afler the meeting 
was over he was surprised to learn that this quiet individual was Dr. 
Thomas B. Wilson. This conduct was very characteristic of that re- 
markable man. He not merely indulged his unostentatious and retir- 
'ing disposition, but doubtless he listened attentively and studied well 
the materials which were to compose the new organization. The 
Society continued to meet bi-monthly, at the private houses of its 
members until July 13th, on which evening the meeting was held at 
Druid's Hall, on the south-east corner of Market and Thirteenth streets, 
and where the meetings were continued about sis months. The objects 
of the meetings were the eshibition of specimens, the improvement of 
the members in entomological knowledge by conversation, and also the 
formation of private collections. No library and no museum for the 
Society were yet resolved on. It was at length determined, chiefly 
through the influence of Dr. Wilson, to collect a library of books on 
Entomology, and a museum of insects, and Mr. Charles Wilt, one of 
the members, very generously offered to the Society, free of charge, a 
suitable room for their accommodation, and also for the meetings. This 
room was in his own house, No. 1310 South street, and the first meet- 
ing was held there January 9th, 1860. This was an important event 
for the new Institution, for now it had a permanent seat. Esertions 
were made to furnish the room, and to procure cabinets for the books 
and insects. The work of collecting entomological specimens now. 
began. Each member was emulous to oontribute as largely as possible 
to the common stock. Dr. Wilson had not attended the meetings 
while the Society contemplated no permanent establishment, but now, 
seeing a permanence secured and suitable resolutiuus adopted, be en- 
tered at once with all his devotion into the labors of the Society, and 
contributed most liberally towards all its objects. Henceforth there 



WHS DO luck or funds, aod all was encaunigemeat and activity. Dr. 
Wilson waa one day rallied by a friend that many of his new asaooiates 
were engaged in mechanical purauits. " Yes," he replied, " but they 
are gentlemanly in temper and deportment, and they can collect a great 
many inaecta." Soon it was discovered that they had found new iuaeets 
never yet described. Dr. Wilsoa'a plan was, that tbej ahould be suita- 
bly described hy one of the memhera, and the paper presented to the 
Academy of Xatural Sciences for publication in their Proceedings in the 
uaualform. Thia he thought could easily be done, aa the author of the 
l>aper was a member of both Societies. By adopting this plan the En- 
tomoli^icai Society would be saved the expense in its infancy of estab- 
lishing a periodical of its own, and the Academy would have the credit 
of introducing the discoveries to the scientific world. But uueipectedly 
. a powerful opposition to the paper was made in the Academy. The com- 
mitt«e to which it had been referred could not agree to its publication. 
Ad exciting debate ensued ; additional members were voted on the com- 
mittee who were known to be in favor of publishing the paper, and then 
the matter was decided, and all opposition ceased. But contention and 
strife were above all things distasteful to the disposition of Dr. Wilson, 
and he determined at once never again to take this course with another 
paper, but to establish an independent publication on the part of the 
Entomological Society for its own new discoveries. These things are 
mentioned as determinations hy Dr. Wilson, because, after the removal 
to the house of Jlr. Wilt, he was the soul of the new Society, and so he 
continued as long as he lived. He was cautious and judicious in bis 
resolutions, kind and deferential in consulting with the other members, 
aod no one thought of disputing his wishes. This was from no want of 
manly independence on their part; but he knew bow to conciliate and 
carry along his new associates, and they knew how to confide in his pru- 
dence and to appreciate his generosity. As he was doing so much 
more for the Society than all the members combined, they felt that his 
opinions and hia purposes should have great weight. 

As when the Journal of the Academy was begun, the printing of 
one-half of the first volume was done in Maclure's house, with a press 
and types furnished by himself, the members setting the types, so now 
in the Entomological Society a new press with types, paper, and other 
necessaries was purchased and placed in the Society's room in Mr. 
Wilt's house, where the members were active and zealous iu setting 
the types and working the press. It is hardly necessary to say thai 
the pecuniary outlay was borne mainly by Dr. Wilson. The new peri- 

ls oyGoOt^lc 


•idical, an octavo, was called the Proceedings, and the first number of 
the first volume was finished in May, 1861, Dr. Wilson being Chair- 
man of the Committee of Publication. Ab a tjpographieul production 
the Proceedings from its commencement has been above the standard 
of Rimilst periodicals; and of the comparative value of its contents as 
■.I contribution to science it becomes us not to speak. The first volume 
with 381 pages and 3 plates, was finished in February, 1863; the se- 
cond, with 562 pages and 11 plates, in March, 1864; the third, with 
TU8 pagea and 6 plates, in December, 1861; and the fourth, with 
506 pages and 3 plates, in June, 1865, We here see a remarkable 
progression in the time required to complete a volume; the first 
re<|uiring 24 months, the second 13 months, the third 9 months, and 
the fourth 6 months. Tliia is ejtpiaiued by the fact that these Pro- 
ceeding are becoming tlie ralijing point of all the Entomolf^sts of 
America. At first it was designed only for the Society's own papers, 
composed here in Philadelphia. It soon aroused the attention of ento- 
mologists in every part of the United States and the British Provinces; 
and as this is the only periodical on the continent devoted exclusively 
to Entomology, they sent their papers from every direction, to be 
brought out to the world in the same vehicle, and to be associated to- 
gether in a common brotherhood. They feel very strongly the pro- 
priety of associating their labors, and of having the same medium for 
the mutual exchange of their thoughts. This can evidently be done 
only in a periodical devoted to Entomology alone, and not in publiea- 
tions which embrace indiscriminately a hundred other different sub- 
jects. One of the great benefits of these Proceedings, not thought of 
in the beginning, is, that it arouses the entomologists of the whole con- 
tinent to exertion, by afibrding them proper facilities and indnoements 
to make known their discoveries. It is a lever which raises all North 
America. But it must be supported by fnnds. Who will atep for- 
ward in the room of Dr. Wilson, and carry out his designs ? Now 
that the discovery of its importance baa been made, shall it die with 
its founder for want of generosity ? We hope not. 

In April, 1862, the Society was incorporated by the Legislature of 
Pennsylvania. On August 11th, 1862, after a hospitable accommoda- 
tion of two years and a half in the room of Mr. Wilt, the Society re- 
moved to its present Hall, No. 518 South Thirteenth street. This is 
a brick building, two stories high, the lower used for printing and 
other offices, and the upper for the Library, the Museum, and the 
meetings. It was built for the Society's use by one of its members, 



Hr. Jamee Ridings, and afforded at a moderate rent The same gen- 
Ueman made a successful entomological tour to the Rocky Moantamn 
IQ the Bainmer of 1864, accompanied by his son Mr. J. H. Uidingx, 
vho is also a member. They were encouraged to thie important under- 
taking by I>r. Wiison, who agreed to make purchases of all new or 
rare species in hia collections. The members generally continaed ac- 
tive and animated in making collections nearer home, and Dr. Wilson 
was as liberal as usual, not only In devoting all his time to this Society, 
but in contributing for the purchase of specimens and for other neces- 
sary objects. On another page in one of hia own letters, it will be seen 
how he devised a system of entomological excursions, at an expense of 
$450 per annum. On one of these tours two of the members vhited 
together the Western districts of Vii^inia in 1860, and the same coun- 
try, together with neighboring portions of Ohio, was esploi'cd again 
the present summer, 1865, by one of their number. As the Proceed- 
ings were sold at a low price to accommodate and encourage entomolo- 
gists who, like other scientific men are often poor, the expenses far ex- 
ceeded the income, and Dr. Wilson contributed altogether about t2,000 
for its support. For insect cases and other like accommodations, he 
gave about S2,000. He presented a library of choice, rare, and expen- 
sive books on Entomolc^, numbering about 1,500 volumes, and this 
must have cost at least S6,000. The number of ioBect specimens in the 
Museum amounts to over 50,000, and for these also the Society is chieSy 
indebted to him. In addition to all these, he paid the salary of an in- 
telligent and active entomologist, who for several years devoted all his 
time to the Society, amounting to $4,000 more. The work of this gen- 
tieman has been the describing of several hundred new species and 
genera, the arranging of the Museum, the editing of the Proceedings, 
and the correspondence of the Society. 

The members were profoundly impressed with their obligations to 
him, not only for his donations and the bestowal of his time to this 
Society, but for the kindness and agreeableness of all his intercourse 
with them personally. To give an expression to these feelings of ad- 
miration and gratitude, the more active ones had beautifully engrossed 
and richly framed a Preamble and Resolutioas. It was a gem of work- 
manship in (he highest style of art, containing on the border appropri- 
ate legends. When this work was finished a meeting of the Society 
was held, the Preamble and Resolutions were passed, and a committee 
was appointed to wait on Dr. Wilson and present the testimonial. Thus 
the whole was done without his becoming aware of what was going on. 



When the oommittee appeared in hU rooma in Philadelphia, be waa 
taken oomplet«lj bj Burprise. Had be kaowa their ioteutioiiB before 
band, he would probably have objected effectually to their fulfilment. 
But now, OD a euddea, stood before him his grateful and admiring 
frieudg ; there was their beautiful tbaok-offeriDg, and be could Dot but 
accept it with all the heartiaess and deep emotion of which the nature 
of man is sueceptible. It is known that he always cherished this gift 
as a sincere and valuable token of friEndsbip. One of the members 
idigbtty eng^ed in these transactions, and who had witnessed what 
took plaee in the Academy of Natural Sciences on the presentation of 
his great ornithological gift, was naturally somewhat apprehensive about 
the reception he might afford the committee on this occasion. A few 
days after he had an occasion in the evening to visit him at his rooms, 
and after conversing awhile, the Doctor took a lamp and asked him to 
litep to the side of the room, when, holding up the light by the side of 
the testimonial on the wall, he spoke of it, with unalloyed grutificatjon 
beaming in bis countenance and giving tone to his voice. This was 
not vanity for being praised ; it was thankfulness for being beloved. 
He made known the testimonial to the member then before bim, be- 
cause he was supposed to he unacquainted with the affiiir, as he seldom 
attended the meetings and was not what is called an active member. 
A member of the Publication Committee was asked why the Besoln- 
tioas had not been printed in the Proceedings. He replied, Dr. 
Wilson was chairman of that committee and would not allow it. Taken 
from their golden surroundings and printed in plain letters, they lose 
much of their impressiveness, still they should be inserted here. They 
are as follows : 



At a Stated Meeting of the Bntvnologiaal Sntlttj of Fhilade^ia, held 

Mouda}' eTeoing, Norember the 9th, Anno Domini One thousand eight hun- 
dred and 9Lxty-thn.-e, on motion of Mr. Ctiarlea A. Blake, a Committee wai 
appointed, coDBtsting of Mesara. Charles A. Blake, J. Frank Knight and Bobert 
Fraier, vbo reported the following Preamble and BeBolutionB, which were 
uuanimoualj adoptod : 

Vhbbiib, The Entomological Society of Philadelphia i» under laBting obli- 
gations to Dr. THOMAS B. WILSON, for his euocessful efforts in advancing 
the cause of Science, and by hia kindnesa and liberality enabling aaid Society 
to reach its prcient position, therefore 


Sete/ved, In aeknoirledgeliielit of his vsluabls lervieeB. the thaoliB of tbia 
Society be reapectfull^ tendered to I>r. THOMAS B. WILSON for his earnest 
and iadefatiguble exertious in gecurin^ to the Society its many rsciliiies for 
promoting the Science of Entomology, end our high appreciation of him ui na 
upright and honorable man, and as a. useful and valuable citiien. 

lUiolved, That a, copy of tbe foregoing Frtamble and Resolution be suitably 
engrossed, signed by the Olficers, handsomely framed and presented to Dr. 
Thomas R Wiuoy. 

JAS. H. B. BLAND, Prandenl. 
C. P. PARKER, r. Pretideat. 

E. T. CRESSON, O/rreipoHdiiifi Secretary. 

J. FRANK KNIGHT, Rtcording SecrtUiiy. 

Id due time the following letters were receWed : — 

Pkiladelphia, Da. 19th, 1863. 
GiHtLiiTEH — On Tuesday eTening the 15th inst. I had the pleasure of receiv- 
ing from you a very unexpected visit, bringing with you a very beautifully 
engrossed and framed copy of certain Resolutions in reference to myself, passed 
by " The Entomological Society of Philadelphia," at its Stated Meeting, Nov. 
9, 1863. 

I beg you will convey to the Soaiety my thanks for the unmerited and unex- 
pected honor it has conferred upon me — and accept also for yourselves my 
thanks for your kindness and courtesy on the occasion of tbe presentation. 
Tours, respectfully, 

To Messrs. Charles A. Blake, 
J. Frank Knight, 
Robert Frazer, 
Oamtnitta of Eat. Soe. if Philadelplua. 

PMlaiUlphut, DeeemUr 39, 1883. 

DiAn Sir — The trains on the railroad to Delaware are at present in snch » 
confused condition, that I am somewhat approhensire sometiiing may occur to 
prBTent me from carrying out my intended donation of $5,000 to the Entomo- 
logical Society at its next meeting. I cannot transfer the Schuylkill Naviga- 
tion Loan before next week, and cannot well have a Ground Bent Deed drawn 
out and properly examined by my lawyer in time for the next meeting of tbe 
Society ; under these circumstances, I have concluded to make the donation 
eerlain while I am in town this week, by handing over to you 10 First Mortgage 
Bonds of the Philadelphia and Beading R. B. Co. of tSOO each, which you will 
please present in my name to the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, at its 
next meeting. I bare cut off the coupons for January, ISBl, so that the first 
Interest to be received by the Society will be July 1, 188*. Should the Society 
prefer afterwards to exchange these Bonds for the Schuylkill Navigation Loan 
or for tbe irredeemable Qround Bent, 1 shall be quite willing to do so. my ob- 
ject at present being simply to secure the donation in some form to the Society. 
Yours, respectfully, 


To Jis. W. McAlustir, Esq., 
Treasurer of Entomological Soc. of Pbilad. 



l^iia^^4^pkilt, Jaraiary 3, IS05. 

Dkar Sir — I propose to present to tbe Entomologioal Society of Fhilodelphia 
One Hundred Shares of the Capital Btock of the PenDeylvaDia Railroad Com- 
pauy, on condition, that they ahall be held in Trust by the Society as a fubli- 
cotion Fund, and that the income derived from the same shall be exclnsiTely 
applied to the publication of the authorized periodical Publication of the So- 
ciety, which may be issued in octavo farm. Should the Society at any time 
think it advisable to change the Investment, all monies received flora the sale 
of the same are to be re-ioveated and held in Trust for the same purposes and 
on the same oonditions as the original donation. 

The season for railroad aocidenta and derangements having already ctan- 
nienced, I have transferred this morning, 100 Shares of the FennBylvania R.R. 
Htock into the name of the Entomological Society, without waiting for the ac- 
tion of the Society, hoping that it will be willing to accept the donation on the 
proposed conditions. You will oblige me by laying the above proposition be- 
fore the Society, at the January meeting. 

Tours, respectfully, 


To Jas. W. McAllister, Esq., 

Treasurer of Entomological Soc. of Philad. 

Pkiladelphia, Jantiary 31, 16SS, 
Dkab Sir— Since I made the donation to the Entomological Society of Phila- 
delphia, of 100 Shares of the Capital Slock of the Pennsylvania Central Bail- 
i-oad Company, to be held in Trust as a Publication Fund, I have been in- 
formed that in ease the Society should at any time deem it advisable to change 
the inveetmant, there are doubts whether the Society would be authorized to 
re-invest in any other Securities than those authorized by the Laws of Penn- 
aylvania in relation to Trust Funds ; in order, therefore, to remove all doubts 
of my intentions, I will say, that I did not intend to limit the Society to any 
particular class of Securities in case of re-investment, but intended that when 
any change of inveetment was deemed advisable, the Society should be en- 
tirely at liberty to re-invest in such Securities as at tho time of re-investment 
might be considered most conducive to the interest of the Fund. 

Please attach this to my note making the donation, as explanatory of its 
meaning. Tours," respectfully, 

To Jab. W. MoAliistbb, Esq., 

Treasurer of Entomological Soc. of Philad. 
Of course this gift was accepted with the cooditionB impoeed, and , 
altogether the amoDut of hie donationB to the Entomological Society, 
Hs nearly aa can be ascertained, was about S26,0UO The entire aniotint 
which he has from time to time donated to the Academy of Natural 
ScieoceB in the form of booke, spooimeas, and moaey, has been com- 
puted by thoae who know best, to be about $200,000. To all these 
must be added his entire time and energies during hia whole life. 
Other men hare donated larger sums for benevolent objects, but Dr. 
Wilson's great merit consieta in this, that he appreciated the para- 

mo oyGoOt^lc 


uiount claiiDB of the N&tnral ScieDC«a, especially at a time when they 
were much more overloolced than they are now. He waa wise eoongfa 
to see that the Soieaeea as applied to the practical Arte, are changing 
the face of the world; and as applied to ednoatioa, to morab, to reli- 
gion, and to general intellectual enlightenment, they are giving to man- 
kind their beat and noblest ideas. Through these sciences the Great 
Creator is beoomiog more glorified than ever by a revelation of the 
history of hb doings throi^h untold millioDS of years that are g*Hie, 
and through unnnmbered millions of miles far away. 

In speaking tbas highly of great pecuniaiy gifts, it is imppesible for 
UB to undervalue the many men who are generously devoting their lives 
to the advancement of the acieoces, sometimes in poverty and in want, 
and who have no targe amounts of money to give. A life freely offered 
is the noblest of SBcrifices, and certain to do good forever, either with 
or without money. 

The department of EQtomol<^oaI Science whioh Dr. Wilson inves- 
tigated, was (be two-wtnged insecte, the Diptera. Probably he made 
this selection because that order is more neglected than the others by 
American entomologists. He was Chairman of the Committee on Dip- 
tera in the care of the Mnaeum, and bis exertions were truly admi- 
rable in collecting, studying, classifying and arranging the frail animals 
of this order. Apparently there was not a book on Diptera in any 
language which he did not have. After his decease his family pre- 
sented seventy-one volumes on this order which he had not already 
donated to the library; and the simple reading of the catalogue of this 
dipterous literature at the next meeting of die Society was a wonder, 
showing the vast amount of labor already bestowed by scientific men 
on this inconspicnons department of creation. He bad collected seve- 
ral hundred new species and genera of dipterous insects, and he bad 
made arrangements with Mr. Eera T. Cresson to describe and introduce 
them to the scientific world. Death just then ended bia career. Shall 
we lament uid say his work was not completed ? Indeed, had he lived 
a hundred years, his work would not have been completed ; he would 
even ihen have left many unfinished labors, ibr he had always many 
things on hand advancing towards maturity ; and as fast as some were 
done, others were undertaken. His collection of newly discovered 
Diptera are in the possession of the Society which he himself fonnded 
and reared, and Mr. Cresson, tJie associate of his labors for several years, 
is still living and perfectly qualified to describe all his discoveries. A 
grand question with the Society now is, how can the services of Mr. 


CreiBOD be secured ? He vonld gladly give them gratnitonel;, but thin 
be b unable to do. For Bevenl years past they were gecnred by a salary 
from Dr. Wilsoo, and most oertiualy others can do what Dr. Wilson 
did. Who will step forward and fill hia place 7 Dr. Wilson socceeded 
Maolnre in foanding permanent inatitutions, and in making Philadel- 
phia the first Boientific city in America ; who wilt succeed Dr. Wilson ? 
The Entomological Society needs an income above what it already haa 
of t2,500 a year. This ia for two objects, to sustain the periodical 
Proceedings and to keep ao indiridoal constantly employed in descnh- 
ing new species, editing the periodicals, condncting the correspondence 
of the Society, arranging the colleotions, and generally superintending 
the Society's afiairs. Therefore it has been resolved to attempt the 
collection of $40,000, in addition to Dr. Wilson's donations, as a per- 
manent fund for these two objects. It is hoped tbat men of wealth 
may be found who will coutribute that sum. Surely all Philadelphia 
ean and will do what one man did so many years alone. 

The Society has just begun the pnblication of a new monthly periodi- 
cal, called The Practical Entomologist. This is to be self-snp- 
porting, and therefore not a burden on the Society's funds. Its object 
is to procure and to diffuse information in an agreeable popular form 
on Insects which are destructive or beneficial to vegetation in die 
United States. This cannot be done by the Proceedings, which is 
addressed ezelnsively to the scientific men of the whole world. A 
Urge amount of knowledge has already been aocumnlat^d on this 
subject, and the design now is to bring two classes of men, the seien- 
tifio and the practical, in closer communication. The complaint has 
often been made that scientific men are not sufficiently practical, and 
that practical men are not sufficiently scientific. This complaint the 
Society will aid to remove. It is astonishing what lavages various in- 
sect tribee commit every year in the United States. In the State of 
New York aione it has been said that tbey destroyed 915,000,000 worth 
of wheat in a single year ! However this may be, it is certain that 
that amount of pecuniary loss in a single year ia not uncommon in the 
wheat crop of the whole United States. It is hard to estimate the 
annnal damt^^ee to the fruit crops, the peaches, the plums, the apples, 
the pears, the cherries. In the South we hear of almost fubnlous 
amounts of losses by the hall warm, the army worm, and other insect 
destroyers in the cotton. To fiower and vegetable gardens and to shade 
trees, the mischiefs from insect enemies are not small. It is believed 
that general atteotioa will be secured from the community to our new 


periodical. Already we are assured of a tnoathlj circulation of from 
10,000 to 20,000 copies. We doubt not that eDtomol<^ist« in all parts 
of the United States will most cheerfully lend their ^atnitous aid. It 
is the happiness of this class of meo to contribute their knowledge 
for the welfare of humanity. We think we hare devised a plan to 
bring out their exerljona in a way the community will gladly wel- 
come. The members will do all in their power to extend the useful- 
uesa of this Society and to collect, if possible, the moderate permanmit 
fnnd already named. We believe we can in no better way do honor 
to the memory of Wilson. This Society is his work, and to this he 
gave, during the last few years of his life, bis almost exclusive 

Dr. Wilson never, to any considerable extent, became an anthor. 
His only effort in this way, of which we have heard, is a joint paper be- 
tween himself and the distinguished ornithologist Mr. John Cassin, Vioe 
Freeident of the Academy of \atural Sciences, and who probably en- 
joyed more of his intimacy and confidence than any other man, except 
his own immediate family. That paper was published in the Proceed* 
ings of the Academy of Natural Sciences for May, 1863. The learned 
authors there discuss a subject quite worthy of themselves ; the exist- 
ence of a department of organic life intermediate between plants and 
animals. The subject is beset with difficulties where precise definitions 
are to be made, and where clear lines of demarkation are to be drawn 
between diSerent objects. Nevertheless the subject exists notwith- 
tianding the difficulties ; and these difficulties seem to be of our mak- 
ing in our wilful efforts to systematise, in our trying to divide where 
there are no natural divisions, and trying to separate things which are 
inseparably joined. The opinions and reasonings of these authors seem 
perfectly sound, but when they come to make the sejwratJon by name 
between the objects which belong to their own intermediate depart- 
ment, and those which belong to the departments of plants and ani- 
mals, their troubles begin ; for how can they avoid including in their 
intermediate department objects which are plainly animals on one hand 
and plainly plants on the other? Probably the conclosion of the Sci- 
entific World will ultimately be this: that oi^nic life originally b^an 
in oui worid in organisms vthich were strictly neither plants nor ani- 
mals; that variations occurred, as they now daily occur, no o&pring 
being the exact image of a parent ; that at length variations extended 
so &r as to become plants on the one hand and animals on the other; 
that as improved forms of life crowd the older and more imperftet 



ibnnB oat of existence, m the first and origioBl forms are lo8t, tbeir 
gelktinooB bodies leaving do fossil remains, and their aorriving descend- 
ants, whiob are now nearest themselves, atill teach ns the inseparable 
connection betveen plante and anitnals. Between plants and animals, 
in their extremely tow ibrms, no line of distinction has yet been drawn. 
So conjoined are the two that some oi^nisma hsTe been supposed by 
high authorities to belong to one at one period of their lives, and to the 
Other at another. Very many are classed an plants by eome authors 
and as animals by others. Great credit is due to the authors of this 
Paper for their courage in taking up so formidable a topic, and for 
temperate, clear, and learned discussion. 

It is natural to inquire why did not Dr. Wilson become an author? 
Hia life was devoted to study, why did he not publish his thoughts? 
There were several reasons for this. One was his unobtrusive disposi- 
tion. He was not fond of exhibiting publicly bis own views and opi- 
oions, especially when be thought they might yet be amended. Ano- 
ther was tLe fact that his views and opinions were constantly improving 
and enlarging by his coDStant and varied studies. There is a wide dif- 
ference between a man who devotes himself to a speciality, to the study 
of some one chosen sabject, and a man like Dr. Wilson, whose studies 
embrace all creation. The latter requires many more year* for com- 
pleting his labors and maturing his opinions. In the present day va- 
rious questions ore rising which require a universal study for their so- 
lution. For instance, the work of creation — has it been done by a 
slow process, and by agencies and laws now in operation, or by sudden 
efforts and by loIraculouB powers? No narrow stodles on any one sci- 
entific topic are here of much worth. Geol(^y, miueroli^, botany, 
zoology, ethnography, astronomy, and the forces and laws revealed by 
natural philosophy and chemistry, must all contribute their parts to 
the solution of this grand question. Dr, Wilson's mind was wonderful 
for the extent of its range. This must be evident from what has 
already been said about his studies, his travels, and his labors in pro- 
viding books and museums in every department of research. An im- 
pressive instance was revealed soon after hia death. It was then dis- 
oorered that he had just previously been employed in the examination 
of the old Inoa language of Pern, and that he had imported an Incn 
dictionary and other means for his assistance from Europe. He had 
not, however, said a word about all this te any one. But it can easily 
be seen what a bearing this study must have on ethnological questions, 
such as the origin of races and of man. While bis studies were thus 



esteadiag, and while his vievs were enlarging and hi:' opinions were 
approaching more aod more to maturity, it is not strange that he did 
not publish. He wa^ not yet ready. And it must be remembered that 
he died early, just entering his fifty-ninth year, and probably like most 
sanguine persons, he looked forward to many coming years for making; 
known bis researches to the world. But it may be that by hie death 
and the publication of his truly heroic and glorious example to th« 
world, more good will be done than he could have done by his pen. 
We speak deliberately when we say, his example is heroic and glori- 
ous. Peace has its heroism and its glory as well as war. The entire 
devotion of the hearLto high and noble purposes, the firm determina- 
tion, the unbending will, the generous forgetfulness of self in enter- 
prises for the welfare of man, all may be as true and as productive of 
great results in peace as in the field of battle. 

His importation of Inca literature is an illustration of a declaration 
lately made by an intelligent merchant- whose business is the importa- 
tion of books, and who said that Dr. Wilson annually imported more 
books than any other man in America. He gave away not only single 
volumes but entire libraries. We have already referred to the giving 
of his medical library to the Philadelphia Medical Society; we have 
spokenof the library of the Academy of Natural Sciences, of the libra- 
ry of the EntomoI(^eal Society, and we must add, a library to the 
Historical Society of Philadelphia. Maclure had donated several hun- 
dred French volumes, in paper covers, to the Academy of Natural 
Sciences. They were exceedingly valuable as historical documents, 
being official journals and reports of the French authorities during the 
exciting times of the old Revolution. The members of the Academy 
being devoted to the Natural Sciences, never expected to use those old 
historic records which occupied valuable spaces on their crowded 
shelves. It was determined, therefore, to offer them for sale, at the 
price of 1500, to the Historical Society, which would find them directly 
io the tine of their labors. When this had been done. Dr. Wilson 
paid the $500 and presented them to the Historical Society with SI, 000 
in addition to have them bound. The Academy has established the 
$500 as the Maelure fund, whose annual interest is applied to purchase 
for their library appropriate volumes, in the front of which Maclure's 
name is to be inscribed. It was perfectly understood both in the En- 
tomological Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences that no 
member should be retarded in his investigations for want of books. ' 
He had simply to make known to Dr. Wilson his desires and the books 



were ordered, bowever expenwre. It was the same with specimens 
for the Moseams. New species for tbe Entomologioal Society he im- 
mediately purchased whenever offered; and he and the ornithologists 
of the Academy on his behalf, never neglected the purchase of a new 
speoies of bird whenever it could be obtained, apparently regardless 
of cost. 

His own private library, consisting of a few thousand volumes, is a 
wonder for the wide range of its contents. It is at his late residence 
in the house of his brother, aboat half a mile from Newark, Delaware. 
And as that was his home for bo many years, it will be of interest to 
his admirers to know that the house is a spacions, handsome, country 
mansion, and surrounded with agreeable lawns and shrubbery. It is 
situated on a gentle elevation which rises gradually for some distance, 
and the prospect is fair and far to the East, the North, and the South. 
Dr. Wilson's rooms were in the north wing, the lower story being par- 
lors, the second his library, and the third his sleeping apartments. 
The walls of no rooms were ever more completely filled from floor to 
ceiling with books, and they are in new and very i^reeable covers. 
There is no space left for pictures, except for one of his father in a 
lower parlor on the first floor. But it is the subjects of the volumes 
which form tbe wonder. There are few scientific works, as he depended 
for these on the Society libraries he himself bad formed. Many hooks 
which are seen in almost every gentleman's library, are not seen here; 
but very many works which are rarely heard of, are here seen. It is 
a refreshment to stroll along the glazed caaes and read their titles on 
their backs. The volumes on the Christian religion are not numerous, 
but old Quaker works have a good share of room; among them being 
the autobiography of George Fox. Works on Mahomedanism, Brah- 
manism, and Budism and other forms of idolatry, met the eye. Voy- 
ages and travels in unfrequented parts of the world are numerous. The 
chief classical French authors previous to tbe old revolution are there; 
as he had lived long enough in France to know the language well. 
Dictionaries and grammat« are seen in many languages, not only the 
well-known ancient and modern tongues, but also the Welsh, the Irish, 
the Russian, and even the Kaffir of South Africa, and the luca of South 
America. Dr. Wilson's friends who knew him best, will have their 
ideas enlarged of that remarkable man by viewing the choice of his 

The chief characteristic of Dr. Wilson's intellectual exertions, tbe 
wide range of bis studies, will be r^jarded as a defect by many per- 



sons. This must happen, because there are two very different claBses 
of scientific laborers, who may be denomiaated generalista and special- 
ists ; and the latter often fail to Domprehend the former. The specialista 
are apt to think there is no pleasure and no profit in Science with- 
out knowing things in their individual niinutiie. They devote tbem- 
aelvea to some one particular branch of science — their speciality — and 
this they investigate very thoroughly during the whole of their lives. 
The generalista think that all these special investigations are indispen- 
sable, and yet that their own range of studies cannot be too wide or too 
general. They are deeply impressed with the idea that everything is 
in some way related lo all other things. Nothing exists in an isolated 
condition, and nothing can be understood if viewed in itself alone. 
They think these general relations between all objects, are their most 
interesting and important traits. They love to regard all creation as 
a unit — a single piece of mechanism in which every individual object 
fills its own place, and moves in harmony with the general movement, 
the general plan of creation. This movement and this plan they en- 
deavor to comprehend, and this they regard as of more importance 
than any speciality. Humboldt in bis Cosmos may he regarded as an 
example of a generaliet; but even his Cosmos must be looked upon as 
an imperfect and unfinished attempt. Among the ancient Greek geu- 
eralists was Aristotle, and among the Romans the elder Pliny. In 
modern times Linneus is a noble example. Copernicus and Newton 
were noted for their general views and labors. Dr, Wilson's mind was 
powerfully disposed to generalization ; a menial faculty which meta- 
physicians of the best schools, rank as the very highest of all- From 
this enlargement of his views it resulted that he was a pioneer of his 
race, marching far in advance of his generation. He was the first man 
of wealth in America who understood the importance of having a targe 
acientifio library coupled with a large collection of objects of Natural 
History, like those of the Academy of Natural Sciences. He was the 
first man of wealth in America who understood the importance of found- 
ing an Entomological Society with appropriate means of study. These 
great institutions were not shaped for show or mere popular gratifica- 
tion, however important this may be, but as seats where learned men 
might study and make new discoveries, and where young men might 
be attracted to enter on scientific lives. These means for the advance- 
ment of knowledge, were not for ODe special branch ; his disposition 
was too general for that. If Geology was his favorite study, it was 
because it includes so maeh. Here be beheld the formation of oar 


globe, vhich is in reality the formation of a star ! Here he beheld a 
inomentona history which reaches back through milhoos of years. It 
breaks npon the mind like a new revelation I And each, though not 
miraculous, it must trnly be regarded. These great scientific dia4X)ve- 
ries now rising like the morning sun upon us, are douhtleas a part of 
the plan of God. They have not entered the minds of men by chance. 
They are given by Him to make known His own benevolent doings, 
the long series of His own wise and mighty acU, " Come, behold the 
works of the Lord !" cried the old Hebrew bard. We have greater 
oause than he to say, " Come, heboid the acts of the Most High," as 
we point to the formations of the rocks, hegiuniag far below the Lower 
Silurian, and tracing from time to time the growth and progress of 
vegetable and animal life, with the growth of the solid globe as an ap- 
propriate habitation for millions of advancing species, ending in "man 
whoee heaven -erected face the smiles of love adorn" — man recognizing 
a benevolent First Cause who has " made all nature beauty to the eye 
and music to the ear." The religious element in Geology is one of its 
great charms, and this attracted the mind of Wilson. 

To the question whether Dr. Wilson was a religions man we must 
go for an answer to the old and everlasting touchstone, "By their 
fruits ye shall know them." His whole life was a most eminent exam- 
ple of goodness. His kindness, gentleness, and constant endeavors to 
pleaiie, were always felt. His benevolence was as marked in the inna- 
merable small acts of daily life as in those large exertions which will 
forever bless the world. He was punutoal in all his engagements, strictly 
upright in all his dealings, and never over-reaching in trying to make 
a bargain in his own favor. On one occasion, when ho inquired of a 
oollector the price of a cabinet of insects which he had determined to 
buy, and when told the amount it would cost, he remarked, " Only 
that sum, is it possible ?" His spirit and conduct were admirable in 
all the social relations of life, in his family, among his friends, and in 
the societies with which he labored. His most striking peculiarity was 
his modesty and unassuming bearing. So far from looking out for 
" the chief seats" and for high ofGcos, he carefully avoided them. He 
tried in every way not to he conspicuous. His father was a member of 
the Society of Friends, but he himself did not adopt any peculiarities 
of dress, and probably was never considered a member of that Society. 
His theoretical religious opinions were mainly those of the Friends, 
and yet he was one of the chief subscribers in the erection of an Epi»- 
copaJ ohurch edifice at Newark, Deh, which he occasionally attended. 



but not oft«n, eBpeciallj in later jeara. His belief was, that God nov 
giTes to lOHO all the aids for epiritnal eaUghtcnmeDt that He did in the 
times of the prophets and the apostles, and that these are full and suffi- 
cient. " If ye being evil know how to give good gifts to your children , 
how much more shall your Heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit lo 
them that ask Him." There is nothing, he said, in the New Testa- 
ment to favor the idea that this Divine illumination should stop in 
that generation. But the aid of this Divine Spirit he did not believe 
came in sensible feelings and agitating emotions. It is an aid we re- 
ceive in the ordinary exercise of our mental powers, we know not when 
nor how; and its frnita are to be determined only by their correctness 
and acknowledged oxcellcnce on a calm review. It is a solemn belief 
for a man to regard himself as standing in the same retatton to God 
and to his fellow-man as did Isaiah and Paul, and that he has equal 
responsibilities, providing bis talents, his means of usefulness, are equal. 
This is a powerfully operating religious sentiment, and Dr. Wilson's faith 
was approved and recommended by his worka 

It is well known that in memoirs and biographies nothing can por- 
tray a man's character so truly and so satisfactorily as his own private 
letters. We are therefore happy to avail ourselves of some notes which 
he addressed te a member of the Entomolt^ical Society, and they are 
the more valuable because they are on common every-day matters. It 
will be seen with what ease and facility he attends to the small details 
of the Society's affairs, and how be was as careful of minor particular 
as of great and momentous concerns. The beginnings and endings of 
all the notes except one are omitted, as they are all the same. 

Philadelphia, Novanier 1, 1859. 

Dear Sir — Nearly a month ago I received your favor ot October 3d, and in- 
tended to call upon you, but an accident by which odg of my knees was sprained 
a few daye afterwards, placed it out of my power to do so. 

On my arrival in the city this afternoon I received your note of Octoher 2«th. 
This week I ehall be at my rooms this evening and to-morrow (Wednesday) 
evening, when I shall be glad to Bee the Committee of the Entomological Soci- 
ety. If not convenient this week, I shall be at my rooms on Wednesday even- 
ing uf next week only, as I dine on Tuesday of next week with the Hiatorical 
Society at Bethlehem. Tours, reapectfully, 


In the next note it will be seen with what delicate address he leads 
the Entranological Society oat of ite old determination not to form or 
support a Museum of Insects. He did not make the proud sensational 
announcement that if they acceded to his views, he would give them 
some tens of thousands of dollars, and devote to the Sooiety seTeral 



years of his time, both of which deeds he afterwards reallj performed, 
bat he began in hisnsnal qniet aod iDsuinatiiig way . He "came down 
as the dew." 

Ntieari (,l>d.), Jfovaiiber II, ISbV. 

I am much obliged for the names of the Coleoptera which 700 hare teat me, 
uid will bring up the other nanamed species next week. 

I would rather not addresa a note to the membere of the Entomotogieal So- 
ciety, as it might here the appearance of wishing to urge my opinions upon the 
Society, which I certainly do not wish to do. Under the circumstanoes it it, 
perhaps, best for me to waive my usual eoruples about subscriptions, for if you 
Btate to the Society that I have subscribed $100 towards the formation of a Ca- 
binet, and that I propose also to reserve for the Society's collection any dupli- 
cates that I may receive, it will perhaps be more satisfactory evidence that I 
am favorable to the formation of a collection than anything else that could be 
said. You have my permission to make this statement if you think it beet to 
do so. 

From the couvenstioD I hod with the Committee laatweek, I am satisfied 
that however difficult it may be U protect a collection both from laaecte and 
Depredators, the Bociety cannot be independent until it has a collection of its 

If you will inform me to whom I shall pay the tlOO, I will pay it over at any 

At the following meetiog of the Society a resolution was paseed to 
begin the formation of a Museum of InsecU, aad conBequantly the pre- 
Hent great and increasing collection dates from that period. 

JTemari {Stl.), FOmaiy 16, 18B0. 

I did not receive your note of the 11th iust. until I returned home this after- 
noon, or I should have replied to it sooner. 

Having an aversion to letter- writing, I have kept my Correspondence within 
a very limited range, and in that point of view, should have but little employ- 
ment for a " Private Secretary ; " but in another point of view, aa you have a 
taste for the Haturat Sciences, it is quite possible that an arrangement could be 
made which would be mutually agreeable. I shall not have time to call on yon 
on my arrival iu the city on Monday, but if convenient to you, I will endeavor 
to call upon you on Monday evening next, at 7 o'clock, before you go to the 
entomological rooms, in order to compare ideas. 

Fhiladelphia, May IS, ISBO. 

I have received your favor of the 8th insL, as well as the previous ones, but 
have not replied for a reason mentioned, I believe, before, that is, an antipathy 
to letter- writing ; I always avoid it if I can. 

I regret that there should be any doubt or misapprehension in relation to the 
arrangement which I proposed to make wiUi you : — neither of the cases staled 
in your noM are what I understood myself as making; what I intaided to pro- 
pose was, that you shoiild have a salary of $ per annum, clear of all ex- 
penses. Besides this, I proposed lo appropriate {01 txptnsea in making coUectiana. 
S200 per annum for excursions neai Philadelphia, and t2SI> per annum for dis- 
tant «zcursionB, iniending, however, if less than $200 was required for near excur- 


Bions, to appropriate the balance Ui distant excursions, so that the two together 
should not eioeed $150 per annum. It was not my intention to coneider either 
of these appropriations for making oollectiona as part of your salary, bat con- 
sidered both of them to be under my own control, to be used for either purpose, 
according to circumstances. I must not be understood as meaning that yoo 
were to keep a. particular account of all the trnaU ittnt of expenditure, but 
merely the sum total expended in any excursion, whether near Philadelphia 
or distant, which can be easily done by putting a particular amount in your 
pocket and seeing what you have left on your return, without troubling your' 
self aboat the items. 

In regard lo the particular manner of meeting the expenses of near collec- 
tions, my view was, to adxance lo you a certain aura — say t60 — to ha osad for 
this purpose, and when it was exhausted, that yoa would report the fact, and 
receive such additional sum as might be required. 

I have endeavored above to eiplain my intenitons at the time I made the ar- 
rangement with you, and regret extremely that there ahouM have been any 
misunderstanding on the aubjeot ; it, however, yon understand the matter dif- 
ferently, it shall remain according to your understanding until the end of the 

Mr. Knight has perhaps explained inpart my views in relation to the publi- 
cations of the Society, but it is quite impoaaible (o. explain them /u/^ in a letter. 
I must therefore defer this subject until I have the pleasure of meeting you. 

Id the above extract we betold his liberal plan for collecting the 
ijiseotB of oar country, appropriating from his own purse $450 per aa- 
uuui, without taking into account his own persoual labors in collecting, 
which were not small. In addition to tbte he purchased collectiona 
wherever they were found, which could add to the number of species 
in the Museum. Among them may be mentioned that of Prof. Felipe 
Poey, of the Island of Cuba, amounting in all to about 2500 species : 
namely, of Lepidoptera about 600 species; of Hymenoptera about 350; 
of Coleoplera 1100, &c., &c. The total number of specimens were about 
8000. That celebrated aaturalist has been forty years in making this 
collection, and it is supposed to be the best collection of Cuban insects 
extant. It contained a vast number of new and undescribed species, 
and the doctor immediately took measures to have them described. 
)Ir. E. T. CressoD, in his work on the Hymenoptera of Cuba, published 
in the Society's " Proceedings," Vol. IV, pp. 1 — 200, has described 
:i56 new species of that order. Mr. A. R. Groto, of New York, in bb 
work on the Sphingid» of Cuba, also published in the " Proceedings," 
Vol. V, has described 9 new species of that family. 

PhilatUlpiia, Junt IT, ISfll, 
I have put in the box a few species of Diptera, which are very common at 
Newark, and of whi>:h I have plen^ of specimens. Some of the others I think 
are tolerably common, bat as they belong to families which I have not yet stu- 
died as lo Qenera, and in which Osten Saoken declined even to name the Ge- 


nero, confeBaing hia inabilitf to do so, I RhaJl l>« obliged If 70U trill coDtJDue to 
collect any Diptera that fall in jour way until I leave jou a ipecimen, sariDg 
you have enough of that specicB. Some of the epecies you left are not at all 
cODimoD at Newark, and Bome I have never aeeo before, I think I aball obtaio 
from them two or three genera not previously in my collection. As to your 
proposal to make a catalogue of the species of Hyjnenoptcra of North America, 
as well BB a list of the Genera and where found, 1 think it is one of the deside- 
rata of North American Entomologists, and shall be very glad if yon will de- 
vote to it any days unsuitable for collecting. 

I am glad to hear of the arrangement you have made with Ullie, and hop* 
we shall be able to get along in the Coleoptera. 

In a previous note you threw out a proposition about going to California and 
Oregon next fall, and spending eighteen months or two years in making col- 
lections in those regions. In ordinary times I should think it a desirable ex- 
pedition, but in the present state of financial affairs I can make no engagements 
for tbf future. I know already that my income for the present year will be 
considerably reduced. I see no prospect of any improvement in the time ; in 
fact, it appears to me that they must continue to grow worse under the war 
policy of the present Administration. 1 expect, therefore, that before the end 
of the year my income will be still further reduced. Bo far, therefore, from 
wishing to make any further engagements for the future, I think it quite pos- 
sible that I shall be obliged to terminate my engagement with you at the end 
of our year, and as my organ of cavtian (as Phrenologiaia say) leads me to trust 
nothing to the future that can be accompliahed in the present, if yon are will, 
ing to tahe it, I will now pay you the S due up to that time, with the un- 
derstanding that our engagement terminates at that time untesa previously re- 
newed. I expect to be in the city again next Monday, after i P. M., when I 
■hall be glad to aee you, if convenient. 

We need not wonder at these diseoaragingviewsof the futare finan- 
cial prospects of oor country at thnt date. Not a man in the land 
could then anticipate the astonishing financial strength vhich the re- 
public ultimately diH>layed. 

Ifeurark (Jki.). Ifovember 8, 1801. 

For the preaent 1 wish you to attend to the interests of the Society jfr«(, mine 
aftemraTrU. On this point 1 will have a conversation with you when we meet. 
I have recently resumed my studies on Claeailication, and have obtained a few 
new ideas which may lead to useful results, and therefore prefer to have no 
changes made in the names of Genera of Coleoptera for the present. I enclose 
in a amatl box 17 specimens of Hemiptera for the Society. None of these spe- 
cies, except one, are on my list aa having been presented to the Society. I bad 
no box to pnt them in, or I ahould also have left the 11 species of Coleoptera 
which you hare marked as not being in the collection of the Society. I will, 
however, bring them back from Newark. 

My health is about as good as usual, with the exception of a slight hoarse- 
ness and thickening of the palate, the remnant of a sore throat. My irregu- 
larity in coming to the city for the last two or three weeks was not caused by 
ill healtb, but by businesa which required me to be here on particular days. 
I hope next week to resume my usual habits. 



Sewnrt (Pe!,), F^bnary 14, 188J. 
The BfTairlsat UondsjeTeDing n> completely put eyerythjng else out of my 
he&d thftt I forgot to hSTe & talk with jrou about your no(«. lit, we mutt far- 
nieh the pl&te for Oeten Sacken'B next paper, and if he sends a plat« for each 
number of the Proceedings, the; muat aUo be furnished; no doubt a. considera- 
ble number of his Sutras are sent to Europe, and thus bring the Society to the 
favorable notice of European BntomologiBta, which is veiy dairaile under pre- 
sent circumstances. I quite agree with jou that Hr. ought to have the 

13 for the plate which he baa bo well executed, and I think also that it o-^^uld 
be taxing him niore than hJB fair proportion to Expect him to execute &11 future 
plates at the same rate, eBpeciallj if we should have a. plate for each number ; 
hut. coasideriog the interest he takes in the Society, perhaps he would be will- 
ing to do (hem at three-fourths the UBUal rate ; auppose you have a talk with 
him on the subject. I am quite willing to put in t25 for the publication fund, 
or whatever may be neceasary to put %e Froceedinge tlirough in a proper man- 
In your note you Bay " The copies <S0O) of our first plate will, or ia eipecte<i 
to be, at the room this evening." I hope you have not forgotten to have twen- 
ty-five more struck off for Oeten Saeken's extras ; if you have, please have them 
struck off before the figures on the stone are rubbed ouL 

When you mentioned to me that Mr. Hidings was going to eeud t« England 
for pins and I gave you the samples, I forgot to give you the money to buy the 
sovereigns. Fleaseask Mr. Hidings the cnat of what he seat out on my account, 
and I will payliim next week when 1 go to the city. Thiawas one of the things 
that waa kaocked out of my head last Monday evening. 

Philadetphia, if ay 21, 1B82. 

I have received the proposed Seal for the Society and enclose you half a 
dozen impressions which I have taken from it, for the inspection of Members, 
BO that they may adopt it at the next meeting with a knowledge of its charac- 
ter and appearance. You will see that the artist has shown the spurs on the 
tibise and even the haira on the under aide of the upper projection from the 
thorax i — the thorax is more depresaed than in ihe photographer the insect 
sent to the artiat, but I presume he has dune this, in order to give it the air of 
examinining carefully the ground before making a step, so as to make it cor- 
respond with the motto, [Featina lente ] 

Some of the impresBions which I enclose are not so good as the others, but 
they all show that the small press to which the Seal is attached is sufficiently 
powerful to make a good impression on paper without the aid of wafers. 

In conversation with Mr. , I mentioned that we proposed to place at 

the top of our Certificates of Membership a fiill-aiied beetle with its motto, 
when he made a suggestion which I think will be better; that ia, not to do so, 
hot instead of it, to stamp every Certificate with the Seal ot the Society; he 
thought thi» would give the Certificate a mure authentic air than the beetle at 
the top; from the enclosed apecimeuB you will see that this can very easily be 
done If w« use paper for our' Certificates as thick or even thicker than the spe- 
cimens enclosed, and I do not see any special reason why we should go to the 
expense of having our Certificates printed on parchment. 

I throw out these suggestions for the consideration of yourself and the other 
members of the Committee, should the Committee think it advisable to propose 



to tbe Society at its next meetiiig, anj epecial design for a Certificate of Mem- 
berehip. If I recollect rightly, in the revision of the By-Laws, which we pro- 
posed last week, no mention was made of the Seal of the Society j I suppose an 
Article ought to be introduced on this subject. 

Neaark, (ZW.), Apnt 9, 1868. 

I have received your note of yesterday, and think that any omisaioD to num- 
ber our Plates would produce confuaiou in referring to them, but I have seen 
somewhere, though I cannot now recollect where, a. plan of introducing a second 
title, somewhat similar to the enclosed pattern. 

I am glad that you have mentioned the matter of printing the Proceedings, 
forlinte.ndedlast week to have a talk with you on that very aulyeot; it ia just 
as important that the Correspondence, Exchanges, Ac. should be promptly at- 
tended to. as it ia to iaaue our Proceedings punctually ; I do not think that we 
ought to limit our numbers to any certain number of pages, but that we ought 
to publish all papers that are regularly reported on by the Committoea in their 
proper order and time ; if we poatpoue any papers, we shall very soon find the 
authors aending their papers to Societies who will publish them more promptly. 

I may be wrong, hut my impreasion is that Mr. oomes butonce aweefc 

to aseiat in aetting up type and in presawork, and that he doea it at conaider- 
able leas than tbe usual rates; the proposition which I intended to make to 

you, was something like the following;— That, if Mr. — has the time to 

flpare, so that there shall be no delay in the isaue of the numbers, an arrange- 
ment shall be made with him io set all tbe type and Rissist in the press- work 
at such price aa he may be willing to ^ree to, and I think that if no better 
can be done, it would be better to give him full prices, for, as he has been on 
the Publication Committee from the beginning, he will naturally take more 
pride in preserving its typographical excellence than any other printer wonld. 

If Mr, has not the time, then, to make arrangements vjith some one else, 

so that you shall be relieved from type-setting, but 1 think that in any case 
you should correct the proofs and take a general superviaioo of the printing. In 
order to carry out this plan, it will perhaps be noceaaary to purchase more type, 
so that type-setting may not be delayed by any delay in the return of proof- 
sbeeta from authors. For sll thoao tbinga I am willing to furnish whatever 
funds may be necessary; in fact, I do not enpect Vol, 2 to payexpenses, but as 
we approaohed the end of Vol. 1, 1 saw that the steadily increasing number of 
pages and the coloring of Platea, made it necesaary to change the price of sub- 
scription for the 2nd Vol. Our terms for tbe 2nd Vol. make no promises for 
the 3rd Vol., and perhaps by the time the 2nd Vol. is completed, the Public will 
not object to an increase of price for the 3rd Vol., while at the same time I 
hppe we shall be able to preserve the old price for our members. I wish yon 
would think over the above and suggest any other plan or ideas that may oc- 

On the cover of the last No. of the Berlin Entomological Magazine, which I 
left with you, you will see a notice that the price for ifemiers of the Society i« 
12 per annum— for the Public tS per annum. 

I intended last week also to have a talk with Mr. , about the Insect 

Case which he is now making, and the four other cases which will be wanted; 
I shall be obliged if you will see him, and let me know next week his ideas on 
the following propositions i [I have paid him 150 in advance on the case now 



I propose now lo pay him $50 more. &ait the balance nh«n the case is An- 
ished and at the Hall of the Society. I propose also, (if he thinks it will he 
better, to aecure at once the lumber neeeasary for the four other cflfws.) to ad- 
vance $50 on each for that purpose, say $200 altogether, and also to advance on 
each case an additional $5D, whea it is so far completed as to require cork and 
glansj the balance duo on each case when finished, to be paid when it is de- 
livered complete to the Society. 

We can easily underBtand how individuflla may have been acquaiotiid 
with Dr. Wilson, eeeing him act and hearing him speak for years, 
without recognizing him as a great man. Even now they may not feel 
that a great character has just left us. When greatness comes in its 
most simple and unpretending form, it may easily he overlooked. Si> 
it was of old with " the man of Nazareth." A member onee retnarked 
to us at a meeting of the Academy, as he was Walking across the room, 
'■ The doctor is the very personification of modesty." He would not 
surely have been great if greatness consisted in making a display, either 
in speaking or in acting. It is a beautiful lesson taught us by an an- 
cient seer, near three thousand years ago, that he did not reeogiiize 
6od in the thunder, nor in the earthquake, nor in the whirlwind, but 
in the still email voice. With the great mass of mankind it is just the 
reverse, Tbeyhave need to be arrested and made attentive, and taught 
how the still small voice may tell more than the thunder. In human 
character greatness of the very highest type consists in an enlightened 
judgment and a good heart; not in the faculty or the disposition for 
making personal demonstrations. The demonstration of a great mind 
shows itself by good and great deeds performed silently and with the 
least possible ostentation ; good and great deeds whose influence may 
last through all time without any alloy of evil. Res non verba, things 
not words, as we have already said, was his favorite motto. The supe- 
riority of his judgment was seen in not allowing his benevolence to 
run in the ordinary beaten tracks, bat in making the Academy of 
Natural Sciences what it now is. He was very far in advance of the 
general intelligence of the times when, many years ago, he entertained 
so high an appreciation of the Natural Sciences. And after the .Aca- 
demy had been well furnished and well established, he again showed 
his judgment superior to that of members there by founding the En- 
tomological Society. The ruling spirits of the Academy could not 
see the propriety of having a new society whose object was purely 
Natural History, like their own, and apparently interfering with their 
work and opposing their interests. He saw clearly what they could 
Dot see, that the Academy never had answered, and probably never 
would answer, the purposes of entomology. Juat as formerly, there 


was u necesMt; for founding the Academy, although the Philosophical 
Society existed in the game city for the Bame objects, so now there waa 
ti like necessity for founding the Entomological Society, although 
both these old institutions existed with the same objects in view. 
He saw that entomology should occupy a higher regard, and receive 
a more vigorous treatment, tlian that bestowed by them. He saw 
that though the insects are small, yet altogether they are great, " The 
locust, the caterpillar, the canker-worm and the palmer-worm are God's 
terrible army." He saw that insects are practically as important as 
any other class of animals, and he saw, that scientifically considered, 
they are the moat important class, because the number of their species 
is probably four times greater than that of all the other classes together. 
The beginning of the Entomological Society was most unpromising. 
Ah a society it did not even aspire to have a library, or a mneeum of 
insects, or a permanent hall of its own. Dr. Wilson showed the great- 
ness of his mind in appreciating the men, in uniting them together more 
closely, in placing before them soul-stirring objects, and finally in call- 
ing out the efibrts of the entomologists of the whole country from one 
end of the United States to the other. For several years he worked 
with them quietly and unobserved, and the society was almost unknown 
except among entcmologista. There were wise men and great men lu 
the Academy at the time of the formation of the Eutomolt^ical Soci- 
ety, but none were greater and wiser than he. When, as in the case 
of George Washington, a man's greatness lief in his judgment, in his 
wisdom for managing great afiairs, he oan be appreciated only by a 
very narrow circle, unless some great emergency call him forth, or 
unless the powerful promptings of his own benevolent disposition urge 
him to undertake great things. Then his greatness is measured by the 
deeds he has done and the way they are done. The way, the manner 
of Dr. Wilson, could not have been better. His example will be effec- 
tive for a long time to come. In small things, in the countless details 
of founding and conducting large societies, his wisdom was as striking 
us in extensive dcBigns. A single instance of these minor matters can 
alone be mentioned. An influential member of the Academy proposed 
10 him to have the floors of the rooms in the lower story covered with 
matting, the bare boards appearing rather unseemly. No, he promptly 
replied, the gas-burners and the gentleman's cigars and pipes are lighted 
with matches, and they or the ignited tobacco, falling on the dry mat- 
ting, might easily burn up this building and all its contents. 

His general health was good, and he Was capable of a large amount 



uf iDtellectual labor. He wtu indoMrtona during the day, and at night 
it wnB hi* habit to be np until one or two o'oIooIe in the morning, 
actively engaged in study. His hour for breaifaet was at nine. 
About the seventh of March, 1S65, he complained of being feverish, 
und for a few days he bore his illness as an inconvenience, but not as 
being serious. He reclined in his easy chairs in his stndy, and tried 
to amuse himself with his books, now with one and now with another, 
but none brought their usual relish. Occasionally he walked out a 
little, saying he enjoyed the open air. In his study he took his sparing 
meals, which were brought to him contrary to his usual practice. Oa 
Sunday morning, the 13th, be had become so much worse that his bro- 
ther insisted on his retiring to bed; and as a compromise be consent«d 
to have a couch brought in his study. His fever rapidly increased, 
EUid in tbe evening of that day he was affected with delirium. This 
continued during Monday, but on Tuesday evening he recogniied his 
brother and addresued him by name. Later in the same night, appa- 
rently at tbe crisis of the disease, he suffered a spasmodic oonvulsion, 
partly rising np in his bed and showing signs of strong excitement. 
As this passed away it became evident that he was in extreme danger. 
His symptoms' were now decidedly those of typhus fever. He rapidly 
declined, and on Wednesday, the 15th, he breathed his last, still in his 
study snd surrounded by his books. He died in the midst of his labors; 
and even now his old accustomed volumes seem to look down from 
their shelves to the spot where he loved to sit and study, and where 
he lay when he reached his end. 

His remains were conveyed to the city residence of his brother Rath- 
mell Wilson, Esq., in Philadelphia, where his funeral was attended on 
."Saturday the 18th, Besides his relatives the chief mourners wore tbe 
^^cienlific gentlemen of that city. Sorrowfully they accompanied him 
to the cemetery at South Laurel Hill. 

His Will had been made some considerable time past, and be therein 
beqneaihed the sum of 810,000 to the Academy of Natural Sciences. 
He had expressed bis intentions to alter this bequest in favor of the 
Kntomological Society, for tbe reason that he had already done so much 
more for the Academy, and that the Academy was so much better pro- 
vided for than tbe Society, But be died suddenly, sooner than tbe 
anticipations of us all, and no change in his will was made. This ex- 
planation in favor of the Entomological Society, seems demanded by 
the occasion. In the right view of the case, however, all is well. This 
Society bad bis kind intentions; Science has for its advancement the 



important earn left at his death ; and mankind at lai^ has the benefit 
of his liberal and large hearted example. Hia example will continue 
to be a pover In the world, and do for this institution far more, we 
trust, than even his own best personal act«. 

A Monument to Dr. WUboq ia already built more durable than gra- 
nite or marble. Ae in the solid rocka we behold the impreasiona of 
plants and animals which have lived many millions of years ago, and 
their forms and their oharaeters still stand out in bold relief, so our 
departed friend has imprinted his im^e on the moral and intellectual 
world forever. He has done deeds whose records can never be defuced. 
He has given en onward movement to the development of scientific 
knowledge which must go on without end. Every year it will spreud 
wider and wider, aa new truths are discovered by the means which he has 
provided, and a& new young minds are attracted to devote theniselvcH 
to soientiflo investigations by the libraries and museums which he haa 
established. As in the material world force is found to be indistruc- 
4»ble, and an impulse once given can never end, so in the moral and 
iotelleotoal world, an onward movement for the wel&re of humanity 
must go on forever. Such an impulse he has imparted, and as it rolb 
on like a mighty wave through all futare generations, it will be hie 
living monument admired to the end of time. 


I. Hrmnr, 



. |».nJ.,: 

3. Thar-* 



1, Grolt. *. I>"il.-).h,1i Cnlverlpyi, Orott %. 
%. ». h,,l,.r.xl-..-.>uUs. Druryt. 

./, t. «. Erinuyi. p"!!!'!'. fi.'"!''?. 



Froc. But. Soc Philad. Vol. V. 

1. Hemeroplanes psBudolh;reui, GroU. 4. Deilephila Calrerleyi, Orate ^ . 
t. Chnroo&mpft irrorftU, Orole % . 6. Bphlnx Bumtee, Dnay % . 

i. ChttmoBtiipa Bobinronii, OroU %. %. Erinayui p&llida, Qrott^. 



■ Em. S«a. Pb-].d. V„i 



Pnw. Ent. Soe. FhilML Vol. T. 

I. Erinajia (EnotruB, Ommer, Bp. f . 
1. Erinnjria Diel&Qcholica. OroU%. 






Proc Ent Soc. Fhilad. Vol. V. 

~%. 3. Philampelna Llnnei, 0. ■£ JL $ . 
4. PhilampeliiB Ifoaon, Oamer sp. 9- 
S. Syiigta affliotft, G.Ht.%. 





froc. j:i.t. Soa. Pill 


1. CTtoniB Utni, Orof^ ( . 

t. CroooU tieroa, Grolt, f. 

3. BobiMOuia formuU, Orolt, % . 

i. Ecpftntheria ilbioornU, Orolt, g. 

5. Euhitligidotai luxa, 0rDtt, 9- 
1. Ferophora Pockardii, 0nU, $. 

7. Heterocampa cabana, Qrott, f. 

8. Carathia gortynoldM, Orol« %.