Skip to main content

Full text of "Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal"

See other formats


'■ii^.';;!;-v';V, -■;■■!« 



'1, : 't:':VV-"' 'f 1 



i :'-'ji/!' 




^ 











FOR THE PEOPLE 

FOR EDVCATION 

FOR SCIENCE 






LIBRARY 

OF 

THE AMERICAN MUSEUM 

OF 

NATURAL HISTORY 





/SoHftd^ 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THK 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 



EDITED BY 



The Honorary Secretaries. / 



JANUARY TO DECEMBER, 

1894. 



CALCUTTA : 

PRtXTEO AT THE BAPTIST MISSION PRESS, 

AXD PUBLISHED BY THE 

ASIATIC SOCIETY, 57 PARK STREET. 

1895. 



A>-^^1^^ 



CONTENTS. 



^«@«> 



Proceedings for January 1894 

Ditto for February ,, (including Annual Report) 

Ditto for Maicli ,, 

Ditto for April ,, 

Ditto for Maj' and June 1894 ... 

Ditto for July ,, 

Ditto for August ,, 

Ditto for Xovember ,, 

Ditto for December „ 

List of Members of the Asiatic Society on the JHst December, 

1893 (Appendix to the Proceedings for February 1894) 
Abstract Statement of Receipts and Disbursements of the 

Asiatic Society for the year 1893 (Appendix to the Pro- 
ceedings for Feln-uary J 894) 



1-12 

13-54 

55-74 

75-82 

83-100 

101-J08 

109-J16 

117-132 

133-147 



XVll-XXlX 



LIST OF PLATES. 



V I. — The Soho'au}-a copper-plate 



(p. 84) 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For January, 1894. 



The Monthly Greneral Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal was 
held on Wednesday, the 3rd January, 1894, at 9 v. M. 

C. J. Ltall, Esq., M.A., LL.D., C.S.T., C I.E., 

Vice-President, in the chair. 

The following Members were present : — 

A. A. Caspersz, Esq,, Banawarilal Chaudhuri, Esq., Babn Gyanen- 
dra Kumar Rai Chaudhuri, Babu Sarat Chandra Das, B. De, Esq., His 
Grace The Most Rev. Dr. Paul Goethals, G. A. Grierson, Esq., Dr. A. 
F. R. Hoernle, Sarat Chandra Lahari, Esq., C. Little, Esq., Kumar 
Rameshwar Maliah, C. D. Mangos, Esq., L. de Niceville, Esq., A. Pedler, 
Esq., C. R. Wilson, Esq., The Rev. H. Whitehead. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Nineteen presentations were announced, details of which are o-jyen 
in the Library List appended. 

The Secretary reported the death of the following Members : — 
E. O'Brien, Esq., C. S. (Ordinary Member). 

Major-General Sir A. Cunningham, K. C. I. E., C. S. I. (Hono- 
rary Member). 

Dr. a. F. R. Hoernle read an obituary notice of the death of 
Major-General Sii" Alexander Cunningham : — 

The Society has sustained the loss of one of its most distino-nished 
members in the death, on the 28th November last, of Major-General 
Sir Alexander Cunningham, the news of which was received early in 
December. He was born in London in 1814, the son of a distin- 



2 Death of Major- General Cunningham. [Jan. 

guishecl father, Allan Cunningliam, the Nithsdale poet, and assistant of 
Chauti-ey. He was educated at Chfist's Church Hospital, and after 
passing through Addiscombe, obtained his commission as second-lieute- 
nant in the Bengal Engineers in June 1831. From the first he seems 
to have held good appointments, being on the staff of the Governor- 
General, Lord William Bentinck in 1834, and afterwards employed 
on special duty in Oadh. He was no less fortunate in taking part 
in the hard fighting of those days. He was present at the battle of 
Punniar, and played a prominent part as field engineer in both of the 
Sikh wars. In 1846 he was appointed commissioner to demarcate the 
boundaries of Kashmir on the Tibetan side. During the Mutiny 
he found himself in Burma, whence he was suminoned to be chief 
engineer in the North- Western Provinces, after the pacification. He 
retired from active service in 1862. But his connection with India was 
not yet ended. He now took the lead, officially, of those undertakings, 
in which he had already been privately engaged for many years, and 
with which his name will remain prominently and permanently con- 
nected. In November 1861, he had laid before Lord Canning a memo- 
randum on the investigation of the arch geological remains of Upper 
India. This led, early in 1862, to his appointment as Archaeological 
Surveyor to the Government of India. Though, in a cold fit of parsi- 
mony, the department was abolished in 1866, it was fortunately re- 
established in 1870 in a much moi'e extended form, and General Cun- 
ningham, who had spent the intervening period in England, was recalled 
to be at the head of it as Director-General of the Archeeological 
Survey of India. In this post he served in India till 1885, when he 
finally retired to England after a total service of more than fifty years. 
The results of the labours of himself and his assistants to the Archajo- 
loo-ical Survey were published in twenty-three volumes of reports, 
to which was added, in a separate volume, a general index, compiled 
by Mr. V. A. Smith. But these voluminous reports by no means 
exhausted his energy. Besides numei'ous contributions to the Journals 
of this Society and the Numismatic Society of London, he published 
in 1854, a description of the Bhilsa Topes or Buddhist monuments of 
Central India, with ati account of the opening and examination of 
the various groups of Topes around Bhilsa, and in 1871 his Ancient 
Geography of hidia of wbich, however, only the first volume has ap- 
peared, dealing with the Buddhist period, and including tlie cam- 
paio-ns of Alexander and the travels of Hiuen Tsiang. In 1877 he 
brought out — what was again intended to be the first of a series under 
the title of Corpus Inscriptiomini Indicarnm — an edition of the Inscrip- 
tions of AsoTia ; in 1879, a handsome quarto, with plates, on the 8tnpa of 



1S91.] Ell loft Prize foi- Scientijic Research. 3 

Barhut whicli he assigned to the third century 13. C. ; in 1883 a Book 
of Indian Eras, with tables for the calculation of dates ; in 1891 a 
description of the Coins of Ancievt India, dealing with classes of coins 
that were practically unknown to any one but himself ; and in 1893, 
another handsome quarto, with plates, on the Malidhodlii or the great 
Buddhist Temple nnder the bodhi-tree in Buddha-Gaya, which he 
minutely described from its first foundation under Asoka about B. C. 
250. 

It is, however, on his discoveries in a particular branch of ai^cliceo- 
Io2"y, that Sir Alexander Cunningham's fame will most securely rest. 
In general archaeology his work was that of a pioneer, and much of 
it had and will have to be done over again. But in Numismatics he 
will ever be an undisputed authointy. He had made it his especial 
study, and his experience in it was absolutely unrivalled, and his 
judgment almost infallible. His contributions to the knowledge of 
Indian coins, published from time to time, at first in the Journal of this 
Society and afterward in the Numismatic Chronicle of the Numismatic 
Society of London, are some of the most valuable on record. 

It does not appear that he ever was an ordinar}^ member of the 
Society. But through his association with James Pinnsep in the 
latter's memorable discoveries in Indian Epigraphy and Numismatics, 
he entertained a kind of informal connection with it almost from the 
beginning. His share in those discoveries is recorded in a number of 
papers published in the Journal of this Society, the earliest of which 
" On some new Bactrian coins " he contributed in 18iO. On the 5th 
of February 1868 he was elected an Honorary Member of the Society. 

To the last he remained the same indefatigable and devoted 
student of his favorite subject of Indian Numismatics. Those who had 
the good fortune of his personal acquaintance will ever remember the 
ardour of his enthusiasm in that cause, and the generosity of his dis- 
position with which he was always read}^ to communicate his knowledge 
and assist fellow-wo)-kers. His name will always stand foremost in 
the honour-roll of those who ci'eated and organised Indian Archaeo- 
logy. 

The Chaii^man announced that he had received five Essays for 
the " Elliott Prize for Scientific Research " for the year 1893. 

The Secretaky reported that Pandit Beni Madho Tribedi had not 
paid his admission fee, and in accoi-dance with Rule 9 of tlie Society's 
Bye-laws his election as a ]\Iember of the Society was cancelled. 



Dr, Hoerxle — Exhibition of a silver coin. 



[Jan. 



Dr. Hoernle exhibited a silver coin supposed to be one of Muham- 
mad bin Sam sent by Mr. Rodgers, and read the following note by the 
latter : — 

"I enclose a coin which I cannot quite make out. You may show 
it to the Asiatic Society and see what learned men can make out of it. 
Its weight is 52 grs. and size '85 of an inch. So far as I know it is 
unique. I make it out thus : — 

" In a circle : — ■ 



[v^*^l ^j^^^^]y°(^'^ v'^j 




yzj— jrn [(f^ 1^—? ^]T 



In a dotted circle outside 
which is a lined circle : — 



_^^l 






^« 



aiz 



[^ J ^^JiXjI (J-AJ Ia3 



outer maro'in ilh^u'ible. 



In the inner of the two margins 

" I am not at all certain about the last line. There is no doubt that 
the leo'end is the first part of verse 225 of the 2ud Sura of the Quran. 
There is no mint legible unless indeed the word before i^ is ^Jj. 

J5ft/A-/i." 

" The words in the small circle puzzle me too. I read the legend 

tliere tentatively as (*U ^^s'« ^j^t <^^sr^'"- The coin is one of those 
I sold to the Punjab Govermnent. I liad never read it. I kept it 
until one of the last and, of course, had to puzzle it out. There is 
no one here to help me, so the above is my own solution. Tlie coin 
belono-s to Muhammad Sam I think. But no coin of his at all like 
this has been hitherto published. The titles are those of this king- 
found on the Qutb at Delhi, except idJ\ ^^ii> Lf^^ and *J^t o^jl cjUiU 
Abul Quhar is new too. 

"Perhaps the Masters of the Madrasah may be able to throw more 
lioht on the legends. Could an enlarged photograph of it be made ? I 
think a coin like this is worth some extra trouble." 



ISO'i.J S. C. Uas — Tibelan •hiih a)ul Criynlnal ]'iiuit</i}iient. 5 

Dr. Hocrnle said that he had shown the coin to tlic Head Manlvi 
of the ]\Iadrasah, who, however, was unable to add anything to Mr. 
Rodgers' information. 

The following papers wei'e read : — 
1. TihetcDi Jails and Criminal FunislimoiL — i??/ Ba?,U Sakat Ci[ANr)KA 
Das, CLE. 

There are two kinds of jails in Tibet called Zang-tson (mild jail) 
and Tson. The former is prison for light punishment, where the prisoner 
is provided with, food by the State, or by his friends, and the latter is 
jail proper where the prisoner is not allowed food from the State. 

A person suspected of a serious crime or caught red-handed ^in its 
perpetration, is sent up to the lock-up which is in the Tson. or prison. 
A prisoner suspected of a light guilt is sent to the Zang-iso')i, and there 
watched as to his manners and movements. He is at first treated kindly, 
and interrogations put to him in a kind manner by the investigating officer. 
When tliis state has passed away he is subjected to a mild but minute 

interrogation called Jamti \'^^^'^), his depositions called Shu.-va 

(i|'^') being noted down. In the tliird stage he is subjected to a 

stricter examination called the 2'5/m«-(^i \as'%') harsher interrogation, 
when at intervals he is whipped in the way of a reminder that he has 
not been telling the truth, or not confessing his guilt. At first five or six 
stripes are served on him, and then he is again interrogated by the court 
about his guilt. He who makes any kind of confession, either truly or 
falsely, is subjected to a prolonged examination and whipping, which 
generally terminates in tortures. The greatest importance is attached to 
oilg's personal confession, evidence being considered of secondary import- 
ance in a Tibetan court of trial. The prisoner that makes the least 
confession, however serious the charges against him, may be, is dealt 
with rather lightly. The prisoner who confesses his guilt but partly and 
gradually, is subjected to tortures of various kinds. 

Tortures 

At Lhasa nowadays, various Chinese tortures are used, besides the 
national tortures which though rude are simple in their nature. 

In the first instance the prisoner is ordered to walk kneeling on 
the floor, which is spread over with small, sharp splintered flint or 

granite. This is called the torture on gravel-bed or l-arkong (S^^'^^') 
When this does not answer well the court tries the torture called Do-shva 

(^'^' stone cap), in which a heavy block of stone, of the weight of two 
to three hundred pounds, with a depression made in it to fit the head ot 



6 S. C. Das — Tibetan Jails and Criminal Punishment. [Jan. 

tlie prisoner, is placed on his head, so that under its crushing weight his 
brains are pressed out through the sockets of his eyes. 

In serious cases the tortuz'e called the Nam-tag, i. e., hanging by the 
thumbs, is resorted to. The thumbs of the prisoner are tied together by a 
strong string, the ends of which are fastened to the beam of a house or to a 
gibbet. Then the supports being removed the prisoner is allowed to 
swing in the air. When this too fails, he is subjected to the torture 
called Gyab Naming. In this jn'ocess the prisoner's arms are twisted 
round on his back, and then his thumbs are tied together to be suspended 
by a string from the beam of a house. The support being I'emoved, he 
is let hang. Some bricks one after another are placed on his back, so 
that his ai-ms may be dislocated under the crushing weight of himself 
and the bricks. 

Mahchya-gokor, — This torture is so called on account of the prisoner 
being required to stand on his breast like a peacock, after his long- 
flowing locks have been tied to his feet, his legs being bent backward 
like a bow. 

The kind of torture called im-de (W3)'?*J") at Lhasa and Di1ng- 
s7?oZ ( ^5^'(^QI' ) in Tsang, consists of two notched wooden racks, in 
which the legs and feet of the prisoner are fastened to prevent him 
from struggling to run away or to move under the pain of whipping. 

The torture called Laug-de (Q]^'W*f' ), or fastening of the arms in 
a notched wooden rack, so that they may not be moved under exertion. 

Lang-de dak {'^'^'^^"S^^l' ), is the kind of torture in which the 
iron handcuffs of the prisoner ar^e secui-ed to the iron collar which is 
put round his neck by two short ii'on rods, about a foot long. This 
is done to prevent his committing suicide. 

The most excruciating torment called the " chin-tsi " is used in very 
serious cases. In this the finger joints and wrists are cracked by 
a machine altogether at one time, and the flesh of the fingers is 
severed out of the bones. 

In Tibetan courts the greatest punishment is given to the pi^isoner 
before he is found guilty, in consequence of which people seldom prefer 
any complaint for redress in a Criminal Court, the plaintiff as well as the 
defendant are both ruined when involved in criminal cases. The pi^isoner, 
after be has been subjected to any of these toi'tures, is sent to the jail 
to wait for the sentence. In ordinary cases great delay is made in 
delivering a judgment. In ninety-nine out of a luindred cases bribes 
expedite the passing of a decision, diminishing the seveiity of a sen- 
tence. 



1894.] S. C. Das — Tibetan Jaih and Griyiiinal Punishment. 7 

In evciy serious case in which the Government becomes a 
party, the court of the Kalnns (Ministers) suggests, to the Gyal- 
tshah, (Regent) which is the highest court of the country, that 
one of the three punishments mentioned in the decision may be 
approved of. In a case of murder, dacoity, or high treasons 
death by drowning, beheading, or strangling is suggested. In a less 
heinous case, they suggest that the culprit may be blinded, or his 
hands or legs mutilated. In a still less severe case, the cul23rit is re- 
commended for imprisonment for life in a dark hole six feet square, called 
the Po-go-itag-jar, i.e., the cell with but one hole, large enough to 
throw food inside it ; or to be consigned to a prison for life in some re- 
mote part of the country, after a collar of wooden board, about 18 inches 
square has been fixed to his neck and chains put round his legs ; or to 
brand his forehead with a burning seal of steel containing the name §J' 
(dog), this punishment being called fS'S^T' or dog-seal. The Regent 

(Gyal-tshab) puts a red mark called Chyag-dags (g^'^ll'^N') sign 
manual, or the kind of punishment he approves of, and the culprit is 
dealt with accordingly. The Regent has not the jiower of mitigating 
the sentence, or reversing it, or commiiting it, such powers lie with the 
Dalai Lama himself, who can exercise his mercy on the convict. 

At Lhasa there are two principal jails, called the Nangtse-shar and 
Dikiling. The former is situated in Lhasa Thil, the middle of the city, 
and the latter at Potala Sho, i.e., the town at the foot of Potala, the resi- 
dence of the Dalai Lama. Eight or nine yeai's ago the castle of Pand- 
ing, about 100 yards fi'om Dikiling, where the mint is now located, was 
the Jail. In the ground floor of the castle of Dikiling, which is now 
the resideiice of the Lord Chancellor (Changoi-chenpo), there are several 
lime godowns and cells, in some of which prisoners are confined. Some 
of the cells are only six feet square, called Domhang dnh-ths, where 
prisoners are confined before trial. 

Nang-tse shar is in fact the Chief Central Jail of Lhasa, where pri- 
soners under trial are put to toi'ture. It is under the supervision of 

the Mipon [^"S^^j, the sheriff of Lhasa. The Government does not 
provide the prisoners with food, but it does not object to food being sup- 
plied to them by their relations, friends, and outsiders, who may take 
pity on them. The J\Iussalman merchants and traders, both from China 
and Kashmer, residing at Lhasa, generally send food and eatables to the 
wretched starving prisoners of Nang-tse shar. Pious pilgrims who happen 
to visit Lhasa, and religiously disj5osed people also send them food and 
money occasionally. Some kind people, occasionally, offer to ransom 
their lives by paying what is called the life-money or fine. 



8 Dr. Marx — Thrpc documents relntvug to flie HiMnrij of Lada'kli. [JA"M. 

At Shiga-tse there is only one Jail. It is called the Til-bu Tsing- 
tsing (the house of the ringing bell), on account of the tinkling of the 
heavy chains and hand-cuffs worn by the prisoners. There are Zang- 
tson in almost every town and large village where there is a magisterial 
court. Local life prisoners are not kept in any of these. Life convicts 
are transferred from one prison to another. 

The custom of sending failing debtors to jail does not prevail in 
Tibet. Prisoners who are invariably life convicts are not allowed to do 
any kind of work. In fact there are no short-term prisoners in Tibet. 
Women, like men, are also sent to jail for the same kind of offences. In 
many of the prisons where women have been confined with men as 
life convicts, children have been born and reai'ed. 

2. Short Note on the Golden Booh of Buddha s Ordination. — By Babu 
Sauat Chandra Das, c.i.e. 

The paper will be published in the Ju^mial, Part T. 

3. Three documents retating to the History of Ladakh : Tibetan Te.rt, 
Translation, and Notes. — By the late Dr. Karl Marx, Moravian Mis- 
sionary at Leh, Ladakh. Communicated by the PhiloloCiICAL Secretary. 

(Abstract). 

This is a continuation of a paper by Dr. Marx, published in 
Part I. of the Journal of the Society for 1891. The author died 
(before that communication was published) at Leh, on the 29th of 
May 1891, at the early age of 34 years. His lamented death left a 
serious gap in the ranks of Tibetan scholax^s. In the former paper 
the history of Ladakh Avas carried down to the end of the rcio-n of 
the 22nd king Senge-man-gyal, and the present one commences with 
an account of his successor De-ldan-nam-gyal and goes down to the 
beginning of the Dogra invasions in the first quarter of the'preseut 
century. It has been sent to the Society by the author's brother, the 
Rev, Dr. Gustaf Dalnian of Leipzig. It will be published in full in 
the Journal, Part I. 



3894] Library. 



h 



IBRARY. 



The follovviiijj additions have been made to the Library since the 
meeting- hehl in Decjeniber last: — 

Tf^ANSACTlONS, PROCEEDINGS, AND JOURNALS, 

presented by the respective Societies and Editors. 

Batavia. Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, — 

Notulen, Deel XXXI, Aflevering 3. 
. . Tijiischrift voor ludische Taal, -Land-en Volkea- 

kunde, Deel XXXVII, Aflevering- ]. 
Bombay. The Indian Antiquary,— Vol. XXII, Part 279. 
Budapest. La Societe Hongroise de G^ographie, — Bulletin, Tome 

XXI, Fasc. 5 et 6. 
Calcutta. Indian Engineering, — Vol. XIV, Nos, 24-27. 

. Maha-Bodlii Society, — Journal, Vol. II, No. 7. 

The Hague. Nederlandsche Entomologische Vereeniging, — Tijdschrift 

voor Entomologie, Band XXXV, Nrn. 1-4. 
London. The Academy, — Nos. ] 125-28. 

. The Athena3ura,— Nos. 344S-51. 

. Nature,— Vol. XLIX, Nos. 1256-59; and Index to Vol. 

XLVIII. 
. Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol. LIV, 

No. I. 

Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. II, 



No. 6. 
Mcscow. La Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, — Bulhitin, 

Nos. 2 et 3, 1893. 
Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XIX, No. 12. 
Paris. Societe de Geographie, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Nos. 15 

et 16, 1893. 
Prague. Der K. K. Sternwarte zu Prag, — Astronomische Beobach- 

tungen, 1888-91. 
Rome. La Societa Degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, — Memorie, Tome 

XXll, No. 9. 
St. Petersburg. Comite Geologique, — Memoires, Tome IV, No. 3. 
Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VI, No. 28. 
Vienna. Der K. K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, — Annaleu, Band 

VI, Nrn. 3 und 4. 



10 Library. [JaN' 

Rooks and Pamphlets, 
presented by the Authors, Translators, S,r. 

Bi.ANFORD, W. T. On a stag (Cervns Thoroldi), from Tibet, and on the 
Mammals of the Tibetan Platean. 8vo. London, 3893. 

Bi.ooMFiELD, Maurice. Contributions to the Interpretation of the Veda. 
8vo. Baltimore, 1893. 

HAECKEfi, Ernst. Der Monismus als Band zwischen Religion und 
Wissenschaft. 8vo. Bonn, 1893. 

— '■ . . Ziii' Phylogenie der australischen Fauna. 4to. Jena, 

1893. 

Lyman, B. S. The Great Mesozoic Fault in New Jersey. 8vo. Phila- 
delphia, l8'-3. 

Mitra, Sarat Chandra, Note on the use of Locusts as an Article of 
Diet among the Ancient Persians. Bvo. Bombay, 3893. 

Mitra, Sarat Chandra. On some additional Folk-Beliefs about the 
Tiger. Svo. Bombay, 1893. 

"VYeber, Aliu;. iTber die Konigsweihe, den Rajasuya. 4to. Berlin, 
J 893. 

M.ISCELLAN EO'JS PRESENTATIONS. 

Report on the Nagpur PJxperimental Farms in the Central Provinces 
for the year 1892-93. Fcp. Nagpur, 1893. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
Second Triennial Report of the Sanitary Commissioners for Bengal on 
the working of the Vaccination Department in Bengal duringr 
the three years, 1890-91, 1891-92 and 1892-93. Fcp. Calcutta. 
1893. 

Government of Bengal. 
Fifth Progress Report of the Archaeological Survey of Ceylon from 
April to June 1891. Fcp. Colombo, 1693. 

Government op Ceylon. 
An Index to events I'elating to India and the East referred to in " The 
Times," between the years 1850 and 1889 inclusive. Fcp. London, 
1893. 
North Indian Notes and Queries for November 1893, 4to. Allahabad 
1893. 

Government of India, Home Department. 
Final Report on the Kevi.sion of Settlement of the Northern part of the 
Ferozepore District in tlie Punjab, 1884-89. Fen, Lahore, 1893. 

Government of the Punjai;. 



1894.] Library. 11 

An'derson, "Wir.i.iAM. Tlie Interdepeudence of Abstract Science and 
Ensrineering-. 8vo. Loudt)n, 1893. 

IxsTiiUTiOiV OF Civil ExGiNEb;Rs. 

Annual Report of the Director of the Royal Alfred 01)servatory, Mauri- 
tius for the year 1891. 

]\Ieteoiological Observations taken during the year 1&92 at the Koyal 
Alfred Observatory, Mauritius. 

Royal Alfred Observaiory, Mauritil";;. 

Account of the Operations of the Great Trigonometrical Survey of 
India, Vol. XV. — Electro-Telegraphic Longitude Operations exe- 
cuted during the years 1885-86, 1887-88, 1889-90, and 1891-92 and 
the revised I'osults of Arcs contained in volumes IX and X also 
the simultaneous reduction and the final results of the whcde of the 
operations. -Ito. Delna Duu, 189."!. 

Sui;VKV(M;-C« ENERAL OF LvtHA. 

Studies from the Y'ale Psychological Laboratory for 1892-98. 8vo. 
New Haven. 1893. 

Yale L'niversitv. 

Periodicals Pui\chased. 

Calcutta. Indian Medical Gazette, — Vol. XXVIII, Xo. 12. 

(fcueva. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Natiireiles, — -Tome XXX, 

Xo. 11. 
Leipzig. Annaleii der Physik und Chemie, — -Baud L. Heft 4. 

. . Beiblatter, Band XVII, Stiick 10 uud 11. 

Loudon. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXVlll, Nos. 1774-77. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No, 13 ; and lude.K to Vol. L 

Paris. Revue Scientiti(p;e,— Tome LH, Nos. 22-25. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OP THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For February, 1894. 



The Annual Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal was held on 
Wednesday, the 7th February, 1894, at 9 p.m. 

The Hon'ble Sir C. A. Elliott, K.C.S.I., 

Peesident, in the Chair. 

The following members were present : — 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, Babu Gyanendra Kumar Rai Chaudhnri, Babu 
Hara Chandra Rai Chaudliuri, E. C. Cotes, Esq., Sii- A. W. Croft, 
Babu Sarat Chandra Das, Babu Bliupendra Sri Ghosha, His Grace The 
Most Rev. Dr. Paul Goethals, G. A. Grierson, Esq., Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle, 
T. H. Holland, Esq., The Rev. Father E. Lafont, W. A. Lee, Esq., 
H. Luson, Esq., C. J. Lyall, Esq., J. Mann, Esq., C. R. Marriott, Esq., 
L. de Nioeville, Esq., Mahamahopadliyaya Mahesachandra Nyayaratna, 
M. H. Oung, Esq., Alex. Pedler, Esq., Pandit Satyavrata Samasrami, 
Pandit Haraprasad Sastri, Dr. J. H. Tull Walsh, C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

Visitors :— Babu Chandra Kanta Basu, H. V. Elliott, Esq., W. J. 
Simmons, Esq., Lieutenant F. W. D. Trotter. 

According to the Bye-Laws of the Society, tbe President ordered 
the Voting papers to be distributed for the election of Officers and 
Members of Council for 1894, and appointed Messrs. E. C. Cotes and 
M. H. Oung to be Scrutineers. 

The President then called u^Don the Secretary to read the Annual 
Report. 

Annual Report for 1890. 

The Council of the Asiatic Society have the honour to submit the 
following Report on the state and progress of the Society's affairs 
during the past year. 



14 



Annual Report. 



[Feb. 



Member List. 
During the year under review 28 Ordinary Members were elected, 
17 withdrew, 8 died, one being a Life Member, 3 were removed from the 
list under rule 40, being more than 3 years absent from India, and 2 
wei-e struck off under rule 9, not having paid their admission fees. 
The total number of members at the close of 1893, was thus 308 
against 310 at the preceding year; of these 116 were Resident, 123 
nou-Resident, 12 Foreign, 22 Life, 33 absent from India, and 2 Special 
non-subscribing members, as will be seen from the following table, 
which also shows the fluctuations in the number of Ordinary Members 
during the past six years : — 





Paying. 


Non-paying. 


















el Wi 




o 


Year. 


+3 


w 


PI 






-tj 


o el 




13 






<^ ^ 




^ 




1=1 


i^i^S 


.— < 


fl 




f4 


55 


O 

Em 


o 


ftw 
3 




O 00 

Ph =j 

CC CO 


o 


c3 


1S88 


98 


136 


15 


249 


20 


84 


2 


56 


305 


1889 


108 


135 


13 


256 


22 


27 


2 


51 


307 


1890 


105 


140 


10 


255 


21 


25 


2 


48 


303 


1891 


101 


134 


10 


245 


21 


27 


2 


50 


295 


1892 


115 


127 


11 


253 


22 


33 


2 


57 


310 


1893 


U6 


123 


12 


251 


22 


33 


2 


57 


308 



The eight Ordinary Members, the loss of whom by death during 
the year we have to regret, were Nawab Bahadur Abdul Latif Khan, 
Mr. Henry F. Blanford, Lieutenant-General George Byres Mainwaring, 
Mr. E. O'Brien, Babu Upendra Chundra Roy, Pandit Haridas Sastri, 
Maharaja Sir Harendra Kishore Singh, and Mr. James Wood-Mason. 

There were three deaths amongst tlie Honorary Members, viz., 
Major-General Sir A. Cunningham, Monsieur E. llenan, and Pi'ofessor 
J. O. Wcstwood. The number now stands at 20. 

The lists of Special Honorary Members, Corresponding Members, 
and Associate Members, continue unaltered from last yeai', there having 
been no casualties. Their numbers stand at 5, 6 and 10, respectively. 

During the year one member, His Highness the Maharajah Scindia, 
compounded for his future subscriptions. 

Indian Museum. 

No presentations were made over to the Indian Museum. 
The Trustees on behalf of the Society were : — 
Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle. 



1894.] Annual Report. 15 

A. Pedler, Esq. 

Dr. D. D. Cunningliam. 

C. Little, Esq. 

Dr. Mahendra Lai Sarkar. 

Finance. 

The accounts of the Society are shown in Statement No. 1, in 
the Appendix under the usual heads. 

Statement No. 8, contains the balance sheet of the Society, and of 
the different funds administered through it. 

The Budget Estimate for 1893, was taken at the following figures : — 
Receipts, Rs. 16,326. Expenditure, Rs. 15,698. 

The actual results were found to be : — Receipts, Rs. 18,270-10-6. 
Expenditure, Rs. 12,556-13-2. 

The receipts thus show an increase of Rs. 1,94-1-10-6, and the ex- 
penditure a decrease of Rs. 3,141-2-10, on the Budget Estimate, leaving 
a balance in favor of the Society of Rs. 5,085-13-4. 

The increase in receipts is under the heads of " Subscriptions " and 
" Government Allowance." " Subscriptions " were estimated at Rs. 
7,400, whilst the actual sura was Rs. 8,307-5-0, the increase being due to 
some of the arrear subscriptions from Members having been realized. 
" Government Allowance" shows an increase of Rs. 1,500. During the 
year Rs. 1,000 was received from the Government of North- Western 
Provinces, as a contribution to the Society's tTournal, Part I, for the pub- 
lication of Mr. Hoey's paper on " Set Mahet," of which 150 copies 
were sent to them, and Rs. 500 fi'om the Government of Madras towards 
the publication of Part III of the Society's Journal. 

Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner and Company, have not sub- 
mitted their accounts, and thus there appears a reduction of Rs. 118-5-6 
under the head of " Sale of publications." " Rent of Rooms " is 
also beloAV the estimate, but this is due to the non-receipt of rent, the 
Treasurer of the Photographic Society having been away from Calcutta, 
during the two last months of the year. 

On the expenditure side, the items of " Commission," " Contin- 
gencies," " Journal, Part I," and " Printing Circulars," etc., show an 
increase. The first was due to the arrear subscriptions realized. No 
extraordinary expenditure was contemplated during the year, and 
Rs. 150 were set aside for contingent charges. But during the year it was 
found necessary to purchase scales for numismatic purposes, water- 
proofs for peons. Secretaries' despatch boxes, etc., and to pay Rs. 102 
for professional opinion on the question of the Society's boundary wall, 
and hence Rs. 321-7-3 was spent under this heading. The Budget Estimate 



16 Annual Beporf. [Feb. 

for Journal, Part I, has been exceeded by Rs. 983-1-6, a sum wbich is 
more than covered by the special grant from the Government of North- 
western Provinces for the publication of Mr. Hoey's paper on "Set 
Mahet." Owing to a new edition of the Society's Bye-laws being printed, 
there is a slight increase of Rs. 36-12-0, under the head of "Printing 
Circulars," etc. 

An expenditure of only Rs. li4;2-7-0 appears under the head " Books," 
in consequence of the non-receipt of Messrs. Kegau Paul, Trench, Triib- 
ner and Co.'s accounts, the books purchased through our London agents 
amounting to £ 71-16-5. 

Owing to extensive repairs to the Society's buildings and to the 
complete change of gas fittings, the accounts show an extraordinary 
expenditure of Rs. 9,674i-l-3, a sum which is below the estimate. 

The actual expenditure on the Journal and Proceedings was 
as follows : — 

Rs. A. P. 
/-Parti. ... ... 3,083 1 6 

Journal ... 5 Part II. ... ... 1,376 3 6 

( Part III. ... ... 212 1 2 

Proceedings ... ... ... ... 902 4 



Total ... 5,573 10 2 



This is less than the Budget Estimate by Rs. 1,626-5-10, but the 
bills for the printing of Part III, during the past year have not yet 
been submitted. 

The Budget Estimate of ordinary receipts and expenditure for 1S94 
has been fixed as follows ; — Receipts, Rs. 17,576. Expenditure, 
Rs. 16,993. 

On the receipts side, there is an increase under the head of " Govern- 
ment Allowances " owing to grants of Rs. 1,000 and of Rs. 500 made 
by Governments of Assam and Madras, respectively, for Part III of the 
Society's Journal dealing with Anthropology, Ethnology and Folk-lore. 
The estimate for " Miscellaneous Receipts " has been reduced by 
Rs. 250 as the sum actually received under this heading was little more 
than Rs. 100 during the past year. 

On the expenditure side the items " Stationery," " Postage," 
"Freight," "Contingencies," ''Journal, Part III," and " Printing Circu- 
lars," &c., have been increased. " Stationery " has been increased by 
Rs. 50, owing to the compilation of Society's Library Catalogue. The 
item of postage has been increased by Rs. 50. This will cover the 
despatch of those numbers of the Journal of 1893 which have been 



1894.] 



Annual Report. 



17 



recently issued. " Freight " Las been slightly increased owing to the 
continental agency. 

There -will, however, be an extraordinary item of expenditure for 
the 3'ear 1894 on account of Pai-t I of the Journal. 

The details of the Budget Estimate are as follows : — 



Receipts. 



Subscri lotions 

Sales of Publications ... 

Interests on Investments 

Rent of Rooms 

Government Allowances 

Miscellaneous 



Rs. 



7,400 








400 








5,456 








720 








3,500 








100 









Total Rs. ... 17,576 



Expenditure. 



Salaries 

Commission 

Pension 

Stationery ... 

Lighting 

Municipal Taxes 

Postage 

Freight 

Meeting 

Contingencies 

Books * 

Local Periodicals 

Binding 

Journal, Part I 

Part II 

Part III 
Proceedings 
Printing Circulars, &c. 



Rs. 3,400 








400 








48 








150 








60 








819 








650 








15 








80 








200 








... 1,800 








31 








500 








... 2,100 








... 2,100 








... 3,500 








... 1,000 








JoO 









Total Rs. ... 16,993 



* In addition to Rs. 480 which remains unexpended from the grant of last 



year. 



18 Annual Beport. [Feb. 

Extraordinary Expenditure. 

For jjrinting the remaining portion of Major 
Raverty's article on the " Mihran of Sind and 
its Tributaries." ... ... Rs. 1,265 

Press Bills for Jour7ial, Part I, Nos. 2-3 of 

1893. ... ... ... Rs. 856 



Total Rs. 2,121 



London Agency. 

Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner and Co., not having submitted 
their accounts with the Society during the year, nothing can be said 
about the sales made by them of the Society's publications, or of the 
amount due to or by the Society. No remittance was made to them 
during the year. 

The number of copies of parts of the Journals, of the Proceedings, 
and of the Bihliotheca Inclica sent to the Agents during 1893 for sale, 
were 308, 110, and 178, valued @ £ 46-l-6ci, £ 8-5-Ocl, and Rs. 106-4-0, 
respectively. 

Seven invoices of books purchased and of publications of various 
Societies sent in exchange were received during the year. The value of 
the books purchased amounted to £ 71-16-5. 

Continental Agency. 
Mr. Otto Harrassowitz, Bookseller, Leipzig, newly appointed by the 
Council as agent to the Society, received dui-ing the year, 299 copies of 
Journals, 273 copies of Proceedings, 843 copies of Bihliotheca Indica 
valued @ £ 44-17-0(^., £ 9-ll-8|c^., and Rs. 483-8-0, respectively, and 
the other books for sale amounting to Rs. G9-8-0. 

Library. 

The total number of volumes or parts of volumes added to the 
library during the year was 2,053, of which 660 were purchased and 
1,393 presented or received in exchange for the Society's publications. 

A new edition of the Society's Library Catalogue has been taken 
in hand and the compilation has been entrusted to the Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Society. 

Publications. 
There were published during the year, ten numbers of the Proceed- 
ings (No. 10 of 1892 and Nos. 1 to 9 of 1893) containing 210 pages of 
letter-press ; four numbers of the Journal, Part I (No. 4 of 1892 and 



1894] Annual Report. 19 

Nos. 1 to 3 of 1893) containing 331 pages of letter-press and 9 plates ; 
four numbers of the Journal, Part II (No. 3 of 1892, Nos. 1 to 3 of 
1893) containing 264 pages of letter-press, and 13 plates ; two num- 
bers of the Journal, Part III (Nos. 1 and 2 of 1893), containing 94 
pages of letter-press ; an extra number of the Journal, Part I for 1892, 
containing 64 pages of letter-press and 30 plates. Indexes to the Journal, 
Parts I and II for 1892, were also published. 

Building. 

Although Rs. 2,428 was spent on the building in 1887, extensive 
repairs were found necessary during the year. They were carried out 
by Messrs. Mackintosh Burn & Co., at a cost of Rs. 9,674-1-3. 

Anthropology. 

In August 1892, the Monthly General Meeting resolved that a third 
section dealing with Anthropology, Ethnography and Folk-lore, should 
be added to the Society's Journal, and that the Council should be au- 
thorized to enter into negotiations with the Government of Bengal in 
order to obtain a grant in connection therewith. An application w^as 
addressed to the Government of Bengal, and they were pleased to 
sanction a grant of Rs. 2,000 a year for the purpose of enabling the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal to add such a third section to their Journal. 
During the year 1893, the Government of Assam sanctioned a grant 
of Rs 1,000 a year and the Government of Madras Rs. 500 for the two 
official yeai's 1893-94 and 1894-95, for the same purpose. 

Elliott Prize for Scientific Research. 

During the year 1892, the Hon'ble Sir Charles Elliott created 
an endowment for the encoiu'agement of original research in Physical 
Science in Bengal and for this purpose invested the sum of Rs. 5,000 
in Government 4 per cent, promissory notes, yielding an annual return 
of Rs. 200. The scheme proposed was that a prize should be awarded 
from the annual sum received as interest, whether in cash, or partly in the 
form of a gold medal and partly in cash, for any original essay giving 
the result of original research or investigation in any branch of Physical, 
Chemical, Mathematical or Natural Science. The Trustees appointed 
to administer the property were the President of the Asiatic Society, 
the Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University, and the Director of 
Public Instruction, Bengal. 

The Council of the Asiatic Society have authorized the Pi'esident to 
act as a Trustee, and have agreed to the prize being awarded at the 
Annual General Meeting. 



20 Annual Report. [Feb, 

Coin Cabinet. 

During the year 71 Coins were added to the Society's Cabir.et, 
of which 6 were of gold mixed with some other metal ; 39 were 
of silver and 26 of copper. They belong to the following classes : 
Bactrian (Apollodotus) 3, Kuninda 5, Andhra ]3, Chedi 6, Pathaa 
13, Bengal (independent Sultans) 7, Moghul 16, Kuch Bihar 4, Jayanti- 
pur 1, Assam 1, Nepal 2. Under the Treasure Trove Act were acquired 
63 of these coins ; viz., 59 through the Governments of the Bengal 
Presidency, and 4 through the Government of Bombay. 8 coins 
were presented by Mi*. E. A. Gait, C.S. With the exception of the 
Andhra and Chedi coins, they all belong to well-known types, and 
detailed notices of them are published in the Society's Proceedings for 
March, June and August, 1893. 

Office of Secretaries. 

Mr. G. A. Grierson carried on the duties of Philological Secretai'y 
and Editor of the Journal, Part I, during the year, except for three 
months from August to October, when he was absent on leave, and 
Dr. A. r. R. Hoernle took charge of the woi'k. 

Pandit Hara Prasad S'astri continued Joint Philological Secretary 
throughout the year. 

Dr. J. H. TuU Walsh carried on the duties of Natural History 
Secretaiy and Editor of the Jou7-nal, Part II, throughout the year. 

The Hon'ble Mr. H. H. Risley carried on the duties of the Anthro- 
pological Secretary and Editor of the Journal, Part III, during the year. 

Dr. W. King carried on the duties of Treasurer up to August when 
he resigned, and Mr. C. Little was appointed in his place. 

Mr. C. R. Wilson carried on the duties of the General Secretary 
and Editor of the Proceedings during the year, except for two months, 
May and June, when he was absent on leave, and Dr. J, H. Tull 
Walsh took charge of the work in addition to his duties as Natural 
History Secretary to the Society. 

Mr. J. H. Elliott continued Assistant Secretary and Librarian 
throughout the year. 

There were no changes in the posts of Assistant Librarian, Cashier, 
Pandit and Copyist which were held by the permanent incumbents, 
Babu Jogesh Cliandra Chatterjee, Babu Ni'itya Gopal Bose, Pandit Hai'i 
Mohan Vidhyabhushan and Babu Nani Lall Manna. 

Bibliotheca Indiea. 
Nine fasciculi wei'e issued during the year, of which one is in the 
Arabic-Persian, seven in the Sanskrit, and one iu the Tibetan Series. 



1894.] Annual R^ijjod. 21 

They belong to eight different works, two fasciculi beiug issued for one 
Sanskrit work only, namely the Tattva Ciutamani. Only two works 
came to a close, namely, the Varaha Parana and the Madana-Parijata. 

The Philological Secretary exercised complete control over the 
publication. No new fasciculus was taken in hand without his sanction. 
The result of this vigilance has been the liquidation of old debts and the 
restoration of the solvency of the Fund. By the middle of the year it was 
found that the Society was in a position to commence new publications, at 
least, some of those that were stopped for want of funds. But it was also 
recognised that care should be taken not to overdo the work and not to 
fall into debt. At the suggestion of the President, therefore, a Budget 
was prepared by the Philological Committee, and the Secretaiy was 
asked to strictly adhere to the Budget. The Budget included the names 
of publications taken in hand, the names of publications which would be 
taken in hand as soon as funds were available, and the names of jDubli- 
cations approved and sanctioned. Any new work when sanctioned should 
be first entered into the third list aud should gradually rise to the first 
and be taken in hand. 

The expenditure of the Oriental Publication Fund during the year 
1893 is Rs. 7,831-6-0, which includes the printing charges for 16, and 
editing charges for 14, fasciculi, giving the average of Rs. 522 for each 
fasciculus. This leaves a balance of Rs. 5,571-15-11 to the credit of the 
Fund at the end of the year. 

The following is a descriptive list of the publications issued during 
1893 :— 

A. Arabic-Persian Series. 

1. Ain-i-Akbari, the constitutional history of the Mughal Empire 
in Akbar's time by Abii-l-fazl, one of the most learned men of his 
court. The woi'k was compiled by Akbar's special order. Translated 
by Colonel H. S. Jarrett, advanced by one fasciculus only, No. 831, 
Volume III, Fasc. II. 

B. Sanskrit Series. 

1. Qrauta-Sutra of Q!amkhayana, Edited by Professor Dr. Alfred 
Hillebrand of Breslau in Germany, has advanced by one fasciculus only. 
No. 827, Vol. Ill, Fasc. I. 

2. Madana-Parijata, Edited by Pandit Madhusudana Smritiratna, 
Professor of Smriti in the Sanskrit College, Calcutta, has advanced by 
one fasciculus only. No. 828, Fasc. XI. The work has come to a close. 
It was written by Pandit Vifve^vara Bhatta at the court of Madana 
Pala of Kastha, a small town on the Jamuna, near Delhi. The same 



22 Annual Report. [Feb. 

patron of letters got a Vaidyaka work similarly compiled in his coui't. 
That work also was named after himself like this. It has been called 
Madaua-Binoda-Nighantn. He flourished about the middle of the 
fourteenth century of the Christian era. 

3. Varaha Purana under the editorship of Pandit Hrishikesa 
S'astri, one of the Junior Professors of the same College, advanced by 
one fasciculus No. 829, Fasc. XIV. The work comes to a close in this 
fasciculus. 

4. Tattva-Chintiimani, the standard work on the Nyaya Philo- 
sophy in Bengal, composed seven hundred years ago in Mithila by 
Gar|ge9a Upadhyaya, has advanced by two fasciculi, Nos. 830 and 
832, Vol. Ill, Fascs. I and II. The third Volume completes the chapter 
on inference and treats of the inference of the Godhead. The work is 
accompanied by the commentary of Jayadeva Mi9ra entitled Aloka. 

5. Brhad-Dharma Parana, one of the latest works of the Pau- 
ranik literature, has advanced by one fasciculus. No. 833, Fasc. IV, under 
the editorship of Pandit Haraprasad S'astri, M. A. 

6. Nyaya-Varttika, an ancient commentary on the Aphorisms of 
Gautama by the famous Udyota-kara, has advanced by one fasciculus 
only, No. 834, Fasc. II, under the editorship of Pandit Vindhye9vari 
prasad Dube, Librarian, Benares Sanskrit College Library. The work 
when completed will be a valuable contribution to the Library of Nyaya 
School of Philosophy. 

C. Tibetan Seeies. 
1. Avadana-Kalpalata has advanced by one fasciculus only, No. 826, 
Volume II, Fasc. II, under the joint editorship of Babu S'aratchandra 
Das, C. I. E., Tibetan Translator to Government, and Pandit Harimohan 
Vidyabhiishan, Oriental Librarian of the Asiatic Society. The work 
is so printed that one page contains the Tibetan metrical translation 
and the other the Sanskrit text. It has been so designed to help the 
study of Tibetan through the medium of Sanskrit. Tlie work was 
composed in Kashmir dui'ing the eleventh century by the poet named 
Kshemendra, and is now the Standard Buddhist work in Tibet, read both 
in original and in translation. 



1894.] Annual Beport. 23 

List of all Societies, Institutions, ^'C, to which the Publications of the 
Asiatic Society have been sent during the yea?; or from ivhich publica- 
tions have been received. 

* Societies, &c., which have received the Asiatic Society's iJuhlications, and 
have sent their publications in return. 

t Societies, &c., which have received the Asiatic Society's publications, but 
have sent none in return. 

§ Societies, &c., whose publications have been received, but to which nothing 
has been sent in return. 

* Allalialbad : — Editor, Pioneer. 

t Amsterdam : — Royal Zoological Society. 

* : — Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. 

t Angers : — Societe d' Etudes Scientifiques d' Angers. 

§ Austin : — Texas Academy of Sciences. 

* Baltimore : — Johns Hopkins University. 

* Batavia : — Society of Arts and Sciences. 

* : — Kon Natuurkundige Vereenigiug in I^ederlandscli-InJie. 

t Berlin : — Gesellscliaft Naturforscliende Fi'euude zu Berlin. 

* : — Royal Academy of Sciences. 

§ : — Entomologisclie Verein. 

f Berne : — Societe Suisse d' Entomologie. 

t Bomloay : — Bombay Anthropological Society. 

§ : — Bombay Branch, Royal Asiatic Society. 

* : — Editor, Indian Antiquary. 

* : — Editor, Times of India. 

* : — Natui'al History Society. 

* Bordeaux. : — L' Academic Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et 

Arts. 
i" : — Societe Linneenne. 

* Boston : — Natural History Society. 

§ : — American Oriental Society. 

* Brisbane: — Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Queensland 

Branch. 

§ : — Royal Society of Queensland. 

t Brookville : — Society of Natural History, 
t Brunswick : — Verein fiir Naturwissenschaft. 

* Brussels: — L' Academic Royale des Sciences. 

t : — Musee Royal d' Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. 

* : — Societe Entom.ologique de Belgique. 

* : — Societe Royale Malacologique de Belgiqu.e. 

* Buda Pest : — Royal Hungarian Academy of Sciences 



24 



Aitnual Beport. 



[Feb. 



t Buenos Ayres : — Nutional Museum. 



: — Academia National de Ciencias do la Republica Argentina. 
Caen : — Societe de Linneenne de Normandie. 
Calcutta : — Agri-Horticultural Society of India. 
— Geological Survey of India. 
— Editor, Englishman. 
— Editor, Indian Daily Netvs. 
— Editor, Indian Engineer. 
— Editor, Indian Engineeri^ig. 
— Editor, Indian Mirror. 
— Indian Museum. 
— Mababodhi Society. 
— Mahommedau Literary Society. 
Photographic Socio fy of India. 
Survey of India. 
— Tuttobodliini Sliova. 
University Library. 
Cambridge : — University Library. 
Cassel : — Der Verein fiir Naturkunde. 

* Cherbourg: — Society Nationale des Sciences Naturelles. 

* Chicago, 111. : — Editor, American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal. 

* Christiana : — University Library. 

* Colombo : — Ceylon Branch, Royal Asiatic Society. 

* Copenhagen : — La Societe Royale des Antiquaires du Nord. 
t Cuttack : — Cuttack Library. 

* Danzig : — Naturforschende Gesellschaft. 

* Dehra Dun : — Great Trigonometrical Survey. 

* Dresden : — Entomologischen Vereins " Iris." 

f I : — Koniglichen Zoologischeu und Anthropologisch-Ethnogra- 

phischen Museums zu Dresden. 



Dubliu : — Royal Dublin Society. 

: — Royal Irish Academy. 

Edinburgh 



: — Royal Society. 
-Royal Physical Society. 
-Scottish Geographical Society. 

* Florence : — Societa Italiana di Anthropologia, Etnologia e Piscologia 

Comparata. 

* ■ : — Societa Africana d' Italia. 

* Frankfurt : — Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft. 

* ■ — : — Naturwissenschaf tlichen Vereins des Regierungsbezirks. 

* Geneva : — Societe de Physique et d' Histoire Naturelle. 
t Genoa : — Mnseo Civico di Storia Naturals. 



1894.] 



Annual Report. 



25 



* Giessen : — Oberhessisclie Gesellschaft fiir Natur unci Heilkunclo. 

* Graz ; — Naturvvissenschaftlichen Verein fiir Styria. 

§ Hague : — Koninklijk lustituut voor de Taal-Land-cn Volkenkunde 
van Nederlaiiscli-Indie. 

* : — Netherlands Entomological Society. 

* Hamburgh : — Natm-histoi-iches Museum zu Hamburgh. 
* : — Naturwissenchaftlichen Verein. 

t Halle: — Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft, 

f : — Kaiserlichen Leopoldinisch-Carlinische Akademie. 

* Hamilton (Canada) : — Hamilton Association. 

* Havre : — Societe de Geographie Commerciale du Havi'e. 
t Helsingfors : — Societas pi'O Flora et Faunna Fennica. 

* : — Societe des Sciences de Fiulande. 

§ Ithaca (U. S. A.): — Cornell University. 

t Kiev : — Societe des Naturalistes. 

* Konigsberg : — Die Physikalische-Oekonomische Gesellschaft. 

* Lahore : — Editor, Civil and Military Gazette. 
t : — Agricultural Society. 

§ Leipzig : — Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft. 

§ : — Der K. Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. 

Leyden : — Royal Herbarium. 



Liege : — Societe Geologique de Belgique. 

: — Societe des Sciences, 

Liverpool : — Literary and Philosophical Society. 
London : — Anthi'opological Institute. 
; — Editor, Academy. 
: — Editor, Athenceum. 

■British Museum. 
: — Geological Society. 

-Institution of Civil Engineers. 
: — Institution of Electincal Engineers. 
: — Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 
: — Editor, Nature. 
'. — Linnean Society. 

; — Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 
: — Royal Astronomical Society. 
-Royal Geographical Society. 
-Royal Institution of Great Bi'itain. 
: — Royal Microscopical Society. 
— Royal Society, 
: — Statistical Society. 
-Zoological Society. 



26 Annual Ee][Jort. [Feb. 

* Lyons : — La Societe d' Agriculture, d' Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 

Utiles. 

f : — Museum d' Histoire Naturelle. 

* : — La Societe d' Anthropologie. 

t Madras : — Literary Society. 

* : — Government Central Museum. 

§ Melbourne : — Royal Society of Victoria. 

* Manchester: — Literary and Philosophical Society. 

* Mexico : — Sociedad Cientifica " Antonio Alzate." 

* Moscow : — Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes. 

* Munich : — K. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften. 

* Nantes : — Societe des Sciences Naturelles de L' ouest de la France. 

* Naples : — Societa Afi'icana d' Italia. 

* New Haven : — Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
t Newport (R. I. ) : — Natural History Society. 

* New York : — American Museum of Natural History. 

* Ottawa: — Geological and Natural History Survey of the Dominion of 

Canada. 
f Oxford : — Bodleian Library, 
f : — Indian Institute, 

* Paris : — Societe de Geographic. 
— Societe d' Anthropologie. 
— Societe Asiatique. 
— Musee Guimet. 
— National Library. 
— Societe Zoologiqne. 
— Societe Academique Indo-Chinoise. 
— Museum d' Histoire Naturelle. 

* Philadelphia : — Academy of Natural Sciences. 

t : — Editor, Journal of Coniparative Medicine and Surgery. 

* Pisa : — Societe Toscana di Scienze Natural!. 
§ Prague : — K. K. Sternwarte. 

§ Rio de Janeiro : — Imperial Observatario. 

§ Rome : — Societe degli Spettroscopisti Italiani. 

§ Roorkee : — Editor, Indian Forester. 

* St. Petersburgh : — Comite Geologique. 
— Imperial Library. 
— Russian Geographical Society. 
— Academic Imperiale des Sciences. 
— Jardin Impei-iale de Botanique. 
— Societe Imperiale de Mineralogique. 

* San Francisco : — Californian Academy of Arts and Sciences. 



1894.] Annual Report. 27 

* Santiago : — Deutsche Wissencliaftliche Vcreines. 
§ Scliaifbausen : — Swiss Entomological Society. 

* Shanghai : — China Branch, Royal Asiatic Society. 
t Simla : — United Service Institution of India. 

t Stettin: — Entomological Society. 

* Stockholm: — Entomologische Tidskrift. 

* : — Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 

* Sydney : — Royal Society of New South Wales. 

* : — Linnean Society of New South "Wales. 

§ Taiping: — Government of Perak. 

* Toronto: — Canadian Institute. 

* Tokyo : — Imperial University of Japan. 

* Trieste: — Societe Adriatica di Scienze Naturale. 
t : — Museo Civico di Storia Naturale. 

* Turin : — Reale Accademia delle Scienze. 
t Ulwar : — Ulwar Library. 

* Vienna : — Anthropolgische Gesellschaf t. 

* : — K. K. Akademie der Wissenschaf ten. 

t — : — K. K. Geologische Reichsanstalt. 

* : — K. K. Naturhistoriche Hofmuseums. 

* : — K. K. Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft. 

f : — Ornithologische Verein. 

t Washington : — Commissioners of the Department of Agriculture. 

* : — Smithsonian Institation. 

* : — United States Geological Survey. 

* : — United States National Museum. 

* Wellington : — New Zealand Institute. 
* : — Polynesian Society. 

* Wisconsin : — Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 

* Wiirttemberg : — Natural History Society. 

* Yokohama : — Asiatic Society. 

* : — Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur und Volkerkunde Osfc- 

asiens. 

* Zagreb : — Archaeological Society. 

* Zurich : — Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 



28 Annual Beport. [Feb. 

Abstract of Proceedings of Council during 1893. 
January 26th, Ordinary Meeting. 

The I'equest of Prof. Leumann of the Strassburg University, asking 
for the loan of " Hari Vam9a Purana," a Jain manuscript, from the libra- 
ry, was granted. 

An offer from Mr. V. Ball to exchange with three complete volumes 
of the Society's Journals for certain numbers of the Journals and Proceed- 
ings, wanting in his set, was referred to the Librarian for report as to 
what numbers were available. 

In reply to a letter asking to be allowed to hold an ambulance class 
for ladies on Thursdays in February 1893, from 12 to 1 p. m., Mrs. 
Rosalie Trelawny was informed that owing to the Society's building 
being under repair, it would be impossible to accede to her request. 

Messrs. Meugens, King and Simons were oi'dered to audit the 
accounts for 1892. 

February 23rd, Ordinary Meeting. 

An exchange with the Society's Journal, Part I, and Proceedings, 
with the publications of the Archaeological Survey of Ceylon, was 
sanctioned. 

It was ordered that the request of Mr. E. J. Rapson, offering the 
text and translation of the " Yajiiavalkyaglta " for publication in the 
Bibliotheca Indica, should be circulated to the Philological Committee. 

An offer from Pandit Satyavrata Sama^rami to edit the " Aitareya 
Brahmaiia" with the commentary of Sayana for the jBtZ>/io^7ieca Indica, 
was referred to the Philological Committee. 

Copies of MacDonell's "New Sanskrit-English Dictionary " and 
General Cunningham's " Mahabodhi " were ordered to be purchased for 
the Library. 

With reference to his offer to exchange three volumes of the Society's 
Journals for certain wanting numbers, Mr. Ball was informed of the 
available numbers in stock. 

On the recommendation of the Members of Council, an Anthropolo- 
gical Assistant on Rs. 20, was appointed from the 15th January, 1893. 

March SOth, Ordinary Meeting. 

It was agreed, at Messrs. Luzac & Co.'s request, to supply them 
with one copy each of the new publications of the Bibliotheca Indica as 
soon as published, to enable them to insert the publication in their 
Oriental List. 

At the X'equest of Babu Nilmoni Mukerjee. it was agreed to 



3894.] Annual Re^urt. 29 

i-ecommeiid him to Government as an applicant for fiec copies of the 
" Notices of Sanskrit Manuscripts." 

On the recommendation of the Philological Secretary, a copy of 
Beale's " Oiiental Biographical Dictionary," edited by H, G. Keene, was 
ordered to be purchased for (he Library. 

April 27th, Ordinary Meeting. 

The request of Pandit Vamana S'astri, asking for the loan of two 
Sanskrit Manuscripts entitled " Brhat Para^ara " and " Vrddha 
Parafara," from the Government Collection, was complied with. 

The appointment of Dr. J. H. Tnll Walsh, Natural History Seci-e- 
tary, to act for two mouths as the General Secretary, in the place of 
Mr. C. R. Wilson, and in addition to his own duties, was approved and 
ordered to be reported at the General Meeting, 

The outstanding bills of the Oriental Publication Fund havino- been 
paid off, the Philological Committee were ordered to report what work 
was in hand and what w^ork should be taken up for the money available. 

May 2-jth, Ordinary Meeting. 

At the request of Mr. Robert K. Douglas, it was ordered that a 
second copy of the Society's Journal and Proceedings, be sent fi-ee 
addressed to the Keeper of the Oriental Books and Manuscripts, British 
Museum. Mr. Douglas was informed thnt the Society would be glad to 
I'eceive in some cases, duplicate copies of important i:)ubIications of that 
Department. 

On the death of Mr. James Wood-Mason, Vice-President of the 
Society, the following resolution was recorded : " The Council desire 
to place on record their deep sense of the very great loss the Asiatic 
Society of Bengal, and Indian Natural Science, have sustained by the 
untimely death of their Vice-President, Mr. .Tames Wood-Mason and 
to express their sorrow at the sad event that has deprived the Society 
of one of its most active and enthusiastic supporters, and the Council 
of a much esteemed colleague and friend." It was ordered that a letter 
of condolence should be drawn up in the above terras, signed by the 
Members of Council, and forwarded to Mrs. Wood-Mason. The vacant 
Vice-Presidentship was offered to Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle, and to Mr. C. 
Little, a seat on the Council of the Society. 

The deaths of Professor J. 0. Westwood of Oxford, and Monsieur 
E. Reuan of Paris, both Honorary Members of the Society, were ordered 
to be reported at the General Meeting, and the question of fiilino- up 
the vacancies to the considered at next Council Meeting. 

At the suggestion of the General Secretary, it was ordered that 



30 Annual Report. [Feb. 

he should bring the question of keeping the Library open between 7 to 
9 a.m., in addition to the usual hours, before the General Meeting, 
stating that the Council jjropose to discontinue it. 

It was ordered that the Assistant Secretary of the Society should 
be asked if he could undertake the compilation of a new edition of the 
Society's Libi^ary Catalogue, and how long it would take to finish it. 

An offer was made to the Netherlands Entomological Society of 
Hague for an exchange of publication for their " Tidjschrift voor Ento- 
mologie," with the Society's Journal, Part II. 

June 29th, Ordinary Meeting. 

An offer from Dr. P. Horn of Strassburg, to publish the entire text 
of a " History of Mahmud Shah Khi^ji " in the Bihliotheca Indica, was 
referred to the Philological Committee for report at next Meeting. 

Mr. C. Little's acceptance of the seat on the Council of the Society, 
was ordered to be reported at the next General Meeting. 

Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle's acceptance of the vacant Vice-Presidentship 
of the Society, was ordered to be reported at the next General Meeting. 

In reply to a letter asking for aid for the publication of the English 
translation of the " Mahabharata," Babu Pi-atapa Chandra Ray, was in- 
formed that the Council regretted that they could not assist him, but 
that the Society would subscribe for an extra copy of the work. 

On the recommendation of the Philological Secretary, a copy of 
"Kitabu-1-Intisar-li-Wasitati-Iqdi-l-Amsar," w^as ordered to be pur- 
chased for the Library, 

The Budget drawn up by the Philological Committee of the ex- 
penses of the Bihliotheca Indica, together with a list shewing the order 
in which the manuscripts should be edited, was accepted, with a recom- 
mendation that the Philological Committee should be directed to draw 
up a similar Budget in December of every year. The report was ordered 
to be published in the July Froceedings. 

It was recoi^ded that the Assistant Secretary was ready to under- 
take the compilation of a new edition of the Society's Library Catalogue. 

July 27th, Ordinary Meeting. 

A letter from tlie Under-Secretary to the Government of Bengal 
was recorded, conveying the approval of the Government of India to 
the name of Babu Nilmoni Mukerjee being included in the list of 
pei'sons to whom " Notices of Sanskrit Manuscripts " are sent. 

It was ordered that at the next General Meeting the Secretary 
should read an invitation from Professor Dr. R. Semen to subscribe for 
the erection of a marble bust of Professor Dr. E. Haeckel in the 



1894-.] Annual Bqm-t. 31 

Zoological Institute iu Jena, on his sixtieth birthday, and should state 
that the constitution of the Society did not allow its funds to be used 
for such purposes, but that he would be glad to forward any subscriptions 
from Members in their private capacity. 

Read a letter from Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesachandra Nyaya- 
ratna, requesting permission to be allowed to transfer the editorship of 
the remaining portion of the " Taittirlya Samhita " to Pandit Satya- 
vrata Sama9rami. It was resolved that "while the Council regret that 
the Pandit cannot continue the work they approve of the proposed 
arrangement. 

On the recommendation of the Philological Committee, Dr. P. Horn 
was informed that the funds of the Society would not permit the 
publication of the " History of Mahmiid ShJih Khilji " in the Bihliotheca 
Indica, and that it would not be worth while waiting for years. 

Head a letter from Mr. E. A. Gait on the subject of the collection 
of Anthropological information in Assam, and a copy of a communication 
from the Secretary to the Chief Commissioner of Assam, to the Govern- 
ment of India, Home Department, sanctioning a grant of Rs. 1,000 a 
year to the Society for the purpose. It was resolved to accept the offer 
of the Assam Government on the understanding that the Society would 
not be called upon to expend more than Rs. 1,000 per annum on account 
of the Assam Ethnographic Enquiries. The Anthropological Secx'etary 
was empowered to purchase two sets of instruments, at the approximate 
cost of £10. 

Volume I of an " Anthology of Arabic Poems " was ordered to be 
purchased for the Library. 

With I'eference to the question of discontinuing the opening of tlie 
Library from 7 to 9 A. m., deferred at last Meeting of the Council, it 
was I'esolved to send circulars, giving a brief statement of the arguments 
for or against, to the Resident Members in Calcutta, to ascertain 
whether they wished the Library to be open from 7 to 9 a. m., in addition 
to the usual hours. 

August Slst, Ordinary Meeting. 

The acceptance of the Netherlands Entomological Society of Hague 
to exchange its " Tijdschrift voor Eutomologie " for the Society's Journal, 
Part II, was recorded. 

The request of Babu Nilmoni Mukerjee to be supplied with the 
back volumes of the " Notices of Sanskrit Manuscripts " was granted. 

In consequence of the resignation of the Hon'ble Mr. H. H. Risley, 
as Anthropological Secretary of the Society, owing to serious illness, 
Mr. W. Crooke was asked if he would be willing to act temporarily as 
Anthropological Secretary. 



32 Annual Beport. [Feb. 

In reply ta a letter of enquiry the Secretary to the Government of 
Bengal, Public Woi"ks Department, was informed, that the Asiatic Society 
was not in a position to afford any definite opinion as to the extent in India 
generally, and in Bengal especially, of the untouched epigraphical work 
which should be undertaken by official agency, nor as to the period for 
which such agency should be maintained ; nor had the Society any agency 
to collect and record information on the subject. They believed, how- 
ever, that there were sufficient epigraphical materials to fully employ 
two whole-time epigraphical officers for a number of years, one for the 
North Indian area and the other for South India. 

On the recommendation of the Natural Histoiy Secretary, a copy 
of the new edition of J. Hiibner's " Sammlung Exotischer Schmetter- 
lincye," was ordered to be purchased for the Library. 

The appointment of Babu Sarat Chunder Biswas on Rs. 13 for six 
months for the purpose of putting the stock in order, was sanctioned. 

With i-eference to a suggestion of Colonel H. S. Jarrett that the 
publication of " Muntakhabu-t-Tawarikh " should be taken in hand as 
soon as possible, the Hon'ble Major E. Noel of the Rifle Brigade was 
asked to take over the work. 

Sejpteviher 2St7i, Ordinary Meeting. 
The acceptance of the Hon'ble Major E. Noel to undertake the 
translation of Volume I. of "Muntakhabu-t-Tawarikh, was recorded. 

October 26t7i, Ordinary Meeting. 

The opening of the Library from 7 to 9 A. m. was discontinued as 
the majority of the Resident Members were against the proposal. 

The amount, Rs. 90, subscribed by the Resident Members of the 
Society, for the erection of a marble bust of Professor Dr. E. Haeckel in 
the Zoological Institute in Jena, on his sixtieth birthday, was ordered 
to be transmitted to Professor Dr. R. Semon of the Zoological Institute, 
Jena, for the purpose. 

The offer of the Hon'ble Mr. H. H. Risley to resume charge of 
the Anthropological Secretaryship of the Society was accepted with 
pleasure. 

Noveniber SOtJi, Ordinary Meeting. 

On the recommendation of the Natural History Secretary the ex- 
change of the Society's Journal, Pt. II, for " Novitates Zoologicee " was 
sanctioned. 

With reference to the Council order on the question of changing 
the Agency of the Society, it was resolved to draw up the terms of a 



1894.] Annual Report. 33 

proposed agreement wiih Messrs. Constable and Co., and to circulate them 
to Council for approval, together with the existing terms with Messrs. 
Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner and Co. 

A letter from the Hon'ble Mr. H. H. Risley to the effect that he had 
withdrawn Pt. Ill, No. 1, of the Society's Journal and completely re- 
arranged the matter, was recorded. 

The list of petty charges submitted by the Baptist Mission Press, not 
formally accepted by the Society, was referred to the Finance Committee. 

It was agreed at the suggestion of the General Secretary that 
Dr. A. W. Alcock should be offered a seat on the Council of the Society 
in the place of Mr. E. C. Cotes, resigned. 

It was agreed to lend " Maitrayani Q!akha " and " Manava (^ulva 
Siitra," two Sanskrit Manuscripts, to Prof. Dr. F. Knaueronthe security 
of the University of Kiew. 

The pay of the Assistant Secretary of the Society was liaised to 
Rs. 100, from the first of January 1894. 

On the recommendation of the Natural History Secretaiy, a copy of 
the " General Catalogue of Hemiptera," by L. Lethierry and G. Severin, 
was ordei-ed to be purchased for the Library. 

On the recommendation of the General Secretary the purchase of a 
copy of J\Iaj or- General Malcolm's " Life of Lord Clive " for the Library 
was agreed to. 

JMr. G. A. Grierson i-etumed from leave and relieved Dr. Hoernle 
of the Philological Secretaryship to the Society. 

December 28th, Ordinary Meeting. 

With reference to the request of the President of the Philadelphia 
Academy of Natural Science that the Asiatic Society of Bengal should 
memorialize the Government for the transmission of objects of Natural 
History to the Union countries at the rate of ' samples of merchandise,' 
and not at ' letter rates,' which are ten times gi-eater than those of samples 
of merchandise, it was resolved to forward a copy of the Circular to the 
Trustees of the Indian Museum, with an intimation that if they were of 
opinion that a memorial should be framed, the Asiatic Society was willing 
to co-operate. 

A letter from the Hon'ble Major E. Noel, to the effect that he must 
give up the translation of the " Muntakhabu-t-Tawarikh " ior the Blhlio- 
tlieca Indic.a, as he was going on a year's leave to England, and may not 
retui-n to India, was referred to the Philological Committee. 

Dr. A. W. Alcock's acceptance of the seat on the Council of the 
Society was recorded. 

The acknowledgment from Professor Dr. R. Semon of the sum of 



34 Elliott Prize for Scientific Research. [Feb. 

£5-11-7, subscribed by the members of the Asiatic Society towards the 
Haeckel Memorial Bust was recorded. 

The question of filling up of the vacancies in the Honorary Mem- 
bership of the Society caused by the deaths of the late Professor West- 
wood, and Monsieur Renan, deferred at the July Meeting of Council, was 
ordered to be circulated to the Council with the previous papers, and 
a list of the present Honorary Members. 

With refei^ence to an offer from Mr. B. De, to edit the Tarikh-i- 
Rashidi for the Bibliotheca Indica, it was resolved that the proposal 
should be considered when drawing up the Bibliotheca Indica Budget for 
next year. 

The question of publishing the remaining portion of Major Raverty's 
article on "The Mihran of Sind and its Tributaries," was referred to the 
Finance Committee. 

With reference to letters from the Superintendent of the Baptist 
Mission Pi'ess dealing with the subject of the Anthropological portion 
of the Society's Journal, smd enclosing copies of instructions received from 
the Hon'ble Mr. Risley, it was resolved to ask Dr. A. W. Alcock to take 
up the work of the Anthropological Secretaryship, and to inform 
Mr. Risley that, finding difficulties in the ari'angement suggested by 
him, the Council had recommended Dr. Alcock to be elected Anthropo- 
logical Secretary for the ensuing year under rule 44t. 

The Report having been read the President invited the meeting 
to put any questions or to offer any remarks which any member might 
think necessary in connection therewith. 

No remarks having been offered, the President moved the adoption 
of the Report. The motion was carried unanimously. 

The President then read the Report of the Trustees of the " Elliott 
Prize for Scientific Research." 

Report on the " Elliott Prize for Scientific Research." 
The Trustees have received essays from the following competitors 
for the prize : — 

(1.) Babu Asutosh Mukhopadhyaya, M. A., F. R. S. E. (three 
essays) : — 
(a) On an application of differential equations to the theory 

of plane cubics ; 
(6) Researches on the number of normals common to two 

surfaces, two cui^ves, or a curve and a surface ; 
(c) On the application of Gauss' theory of curvature to the 
evaluation of double integrals. 



1894.] Elliott Prize fur Scientific Research. 35 

(2.) Babu .Tnan Savan Chakravai-ti, Student, Presidency College : — ■ 

A chapter on the general equation of the second degree. 
(3.) Babu Brajendranath Seal, M. A., Principal, Bei'hampore College. 
New methods of determining some fundamental definite 
integrals, being a chapter in the integi-al calculus ; 
with an introductory section containing new formulae 
for the summation of series, together with their 
applications. 
(4.) " S. L. S." Student, Presidency College :— 

A deduction of the properties of prime and composite 
numbers from those of recurring decimals and their 
equivalents in other scales of notation. 
(5.) Babu Chandi'a Kanta Basu (Sub-Overseer, Madaripur) : — 

Mathematical investigations, and their practical applica- 
tions, if possible, for the determination of a sound- 
generating spot, where sonorous vibrations commence 
and afterwards produce the sensation of sound, from 
the data of observed differences of times in which 
the same report is heard from several places fixed in 
position. 
The Trustees, after consulting experts, as provided in the scheme, 
adjudge the prize for the year 1893, to Babu Chandra Kanta Basu, 
Sub-Overseer, Madaripur (No. 5, in the foregoing list.) 

C. A. Elliott. 



A. Croft. i ^"''^'''- 



Calcutta^ the Zlst January, 1894. 



The President also read a short account of Babu Chandrakanta 
Basu's paper, kindly furnished by Mr. A. M. Nash. 

Some years ago a Committee was appointed by the Asiatic Society of 
Bengal, to investigate the causes of the natural phenomenon commonly 
known as the " Barisal Guns ", but owing to the insufficiency of the 
information on the subject, no definite conclusion could be arrived at. 
It is clear that if the spot from which the sounds originate could be 
accurately determined, the difficulty of the investigation would be 
materially lessened, and this is the problem which the writer has 
attempted to solve. The principle upon which he has based his solution 
is the following : — 

Assuming that the velocity of sound is known and constant, 
if the same sound is heard at two different places, the difference 
between the distances of those places from the spot where the 
sound originated can be calculated, being equal to the velocity of sound 



36 Election of Officers and Members of Council. [Feb. 

multiplied by tlie difference between the times observed. From the 
well-known property of the hyperbola that the difference between the 
focal distances of any point of the curve is constant, it follows that the 
sound must come from some point of a hyperbola having the two ob- 
serving stations as its foci, or, if allowance be made for the curvature of 
the earth's surface, from some point of a hyperboloid of revolution. 
When there are several observing stations, each pair of stations gives 
a definite locus for the origin of the sound, and if the point common to 
all these loci can be determined, this point must be the one required. 

It is unnecessary to enter into the details of calculations necessary 
for the determination of this common point, which are given at con- 
siderable length in the essay. The writer has also given the modifica- 
tions of the calculation caused by the variations of the velocity of sound 
and other causes. 

Babu Chandrakanta Basu being present in the meeting, the 
President pi'esented him with the medal and prize money, adding a few 
words of congratulation and encouragement. 

The President then delivered an address. 

(The Address has been printed separately from the Proceedings). 

A cordial vote of thanks was proposed by Sir A. W. Croft to 
the Hon. Sir C. A. Elliott for his address and for his services to the 
Society, which was carried by acclamation. 

The President announced that the Scrutineers reported the result 
of the Election of Ofiicers and Members of Council to be as follows : — 

President : 
C. J. Lyall, Esq., M.A., L.L.D., C.S.I., CLE. 

Vice-Presidents : 
Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle. 
Sir A. W. Croft, M.A., K.C.I. E. 
The Hon. Sir C. A. Elliott, K.C.S.I. 

Secretaries and Treasurer : 
G. A. Grierson, Esq., C.S. 
Dr. J. H. TuU Walsh. 
Dr. A. W. Alcock. 
C. R. Wilson, Esq., M.A. 
Pandit Haraprasad Sastri, M.A. 
C. Little, Esq., M.A. 



1894.] Election of Tlonorary Members. 37 

Other Members of Council : 
Colonel H. S. Jarrett. 
Dr. Maliendraliil Sarkar, CLE. 
Colonel J. Waterhouse, B.S.C. 
The Hon. Mr. Justice Amir Ali, C.I E. 
Maliamahopadhyaya Mahesachaudra Nyayaratna, CLE. 
A. Pedler, Esq., F.R.S. 
Dr. W. J. Simpson. 
J. Mann, Esq., M.A. 

The meeting was then resolved into the Ordinary General Meeting, 

C J. Lyall, Esq., M.A., LL.D., CS.L, CLE., 

Pkesident, in the Chair. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Sixty-six Presentations were announced, details of Avhich are given 
in the Library List ajDpended. 

The followinar gentlemen ai-e candidates for election at the next 
Meeting : — 

His Highness Raja Vishwanath Singh, Bahadui% Cliief of Chhatur- 
pui^, proposed by V. A. Smith, Esq., seconded by C R. Wilson, Esq. 

W. M. Osmond, Esq., proposed by T. H. Holland, Esq., seconded 
by C R. Wilson, Esq. 

The Council reported that in consequence of the deaths of 
]Monsieur E. Renan, Professor J. 0. Westwood, Major-General Sir. A. 
Cunningham, Dr. Aloys Sprenger, Dr. Warner Siemens, Professor H. 
Milne-Edwards, there were now eight vacancies in the list of the Hono- 
rary Members. The Council therefore recommended the seven following 
gentlemen for election as Honorary Members at the next Meeting : — 

Sir William Henry Flower, the present Director of the Natural 
History Departments of the British Museum, who as Hunterian Professor 
of Comparative Anatomy in the Royal College of Surgeons distinguish- 
ed himself by his i^esearches on the Comparative Anatomy and Osteo- 
logy of the Mammalia, especially of the Wliales. His work on the 
liomologies and succession of the teeth of mammalia is classical, as is 
his " Introduction to the Osteology of the Mammalia." Sir William 
Flower is also well known as one of the lenders of the modern anthi-o- 
pometric school of exact Anthropology. 

Dr. Edward Frankland, D.C.L., F.R S., &c., one of the lead- 
ing English Chemists, who by his researches has largely helped to place 



38 Election of Honorary Members. [Feb. 

the science of Modern Cliemistry in its present position. His discoveries 
Lave been made in tlie various branches of Pure, Physical, Applied and 
Analytical Chemistry. By his isolation of the Alcohol Radicals (Ethyl 
was isolated in 1848), he not only did much to establish the Theory of 
Radicals on a sound basis, but also from his theoretical reasoning on 
these bodies, and from other similar researches on the Organo-Metallic 
bodies, he was able to lay the foundation of the Modern Theory of 
Atomicity. Indeed Frankland may be said to have been the originator 
of the doctrine of the saturation capacity of elementary atoms. Short- 
ly after he had isolated the radicals, he also by his discovery of the 
Organo-Metallic bodies placed a new and most powerful instrument of 
research in the hands of Chemists, and was able to utilise this method 
himself in the discovery of many new substances, and in the determina- 
tion of the constitution of many classes of compounds. Amongst his many 
investigations, the synthetical researches on the acids of the fatty or acetic 
series, on the lactic series, and on the acrylic series, are most valuable. 
Indeed his researches in these directions were not only most prolific in 
themselves, but they also pointed the way to the discovery of vast 
numbers of other new substances in the hands of other Chemists. 

In his researches on Physical Chemistry, he has put forward an 
entii'ely new theory as to the source of light in luminous flames, and as 
to the influence of varying atmospheric pressure on combustion. Also 
in conjunction with Mr. Lockyer, he published many papers, and made 
many discoveries with reference to the Chemistry and the Physical 
conditions of the Sun's Atmosphere. 

In Applied and Analytical Chemistry he invented an improved 
apparatus for tlie analysis of gases, and in the case of water analysis he 
revolutionized the whole process, and placed it upon a sound basis. As 
a member of the Rivei^'s Pollution Commission, too, his contributions to 
our knowledge of methods of treatment of sewage, and foul waste-liquids 
from factories, &c., which liquids were formerly allowed to pollute the 
running streams in Great Britain, have been most valuable. 

In addition to the above summary of his work in Chemistry, it may 
be mentioned that he has contributed largely to our knowledge on such 
various subjects as " The Source of Muscular Power," " Measurement of 
Solar Intensity," " The Physical Cause of the Glacial Epoch," &c., &c.. 

Monsieur Louis Pasteur, to whose world-wide reputation — a reputa- 
tion based as much upon his wonderful biological disco vei-ies as upon his 
own remarkable application of them for the benefit of mankind — it is 
almost superfluous to refer. 

Having early achieved the highest distinction as a chemist, and 
then appi'oaching Biology from the chemical side, M, Pasteur made his 



]g04.] Election oj Jlonorary Members. 39 

name for ever illustrious by his masterly researches into, and luminous 
interpretations of the phenomena of the zymotic diseases of livhis^ beings. 
To the genius of M. Pasteur we owe the great and prolific generaliza- 
tion that the chemico-vital changes that constitute zymotic disease 
are, in principle, fermentations, — the recognition and application of 
which forms the largest and most promising volume of the pathological 
researches of these times. 

M. Pasteur's own practical applications of his own fertile generali- 
zation are too numerous to relate : those which saved the silk-woiin 
industry of Europe ; those which practically abolished anthrax as a fatal 
epidemic ; and those which promise to deprive hydrophobia of its terrors, 
are historic. 

Sir George Grabriel Stokes, Bart., F.R.S, &c., who after a most distiu- 
gviished academical cai'eer, at once turned his attention to original in- 
vestigation, and in the course of a very few years had achieved such 
success that the President of the Royal Society, when awarding the 
Rumford Medal forty-two years ago, expressed himself as follows : — 
" Your discoveries in Physical Optics during the last few years, which 
have shown in so striking a manner the powers of analysis in bringing 
the abstruse phenomena of light within the domain of theory, have been 
crowned by a discovery even more important. That the refrangibilifcy 
of light should be actually changed by dispersion within certain media, 
and that the invisible rays of the spectrum should thus be rendered 
visible, is a discovery as curious, perhaps as important, as any to be 
found in the recent history of Optical Science." 

The hope at the same time expressed that a cai'eer commenced so 
brilliantly might be distinguished by other discoveries has not been 
belied. Mr. Stokes continued his never-ceasing labours, and published 
many original papers in various Journals. It is impossible to give 
briefly a sketch of these papers, but a large proportion of them dealt 
with subjects connected with Light, Sound, and Hydro-dynamics. 

Mahamahopadhyaya Chandrakanta Tarkalankar, in recognition of 
his eminent services to Sanskrit learning. He is well known to scholars 
in Europe for his learned publications, as he is to scholars in India. He 
has written some original works in Sanskrit, such as the Mahakavyas, 
Sattparinaya and Gandravamga, and the Drama, Kaunindl Sudhakara, 
and likewise several commentaries on ancient Sanski'it works, such as 
the Gobhila-Grihyasutra, the Vaigeshika Dargana, and the Kusumanjali. 
Some of the Society's publications, too, have been learnedly edited by him, 
and he is the author, besides, of a Bengali prose work called Qiksha. 
In consideration of his high Sanskrit scholarship, the Grovernment of 
India has conferred on him the title of Mahamahopadhyaya. 



40 Withdrawal of Members. [Feb. 

Professor Theodor Noeldeke of tlie University of Sfcrassburg, one 
of the most distiuguislied Arabists of Grerinany — perhaps, since the 
death of H. Fleischer, H. Thorbecke, and Aiigust Miiller, the most dis- 
tingaished — , the author of numerous works dealing with the language, 
literature, religion and history of the Arabs. But he is not only cele- 
brated as an Arabist. In Syriac also he is one of the chief authorities in 
Europe, and has explored the many dialects of that widely spread form 
of Semitic speech, of which his grammars are the standard authority 
for the Mandasan, or language of the Gnostics or Sabians of the Kur'an, 
the northern or Edessan Syriac, the Falmyrene of the inscriptions of 
Tadmur, and the dialects spoken by the Christians of Palestine, la 
the Pahlavi of the Sasanian kings also he has greatly advanced our 
knowledge, and has edited a work in that language, one of the few 
remnants of the literature which was swept away by the Muhammadan 
conquest, containing a romance or legendary history dealing with 
Ardeshir Papakan, the founder of the Sasanian dynasty. 

Dr. Reinhold Rest, the late Librarian of the India Office, a post 
from wich he retired a few months ago after an incumbency of 24 years, 
who is regarded with respect and affection throughout the entire world 
of Oriental studies. Himself the most many-sided student in all bran- 
ches of that department of learning — even the most remote, such as 
the dialects of Indo-China and the vast tract occupied by the Malay 
languages on the one side, and the Svvahili of the African coast on 
the other — he has been always ready to place his great stores of know- 
ledge at the service of other members of the craft, and to help forward 
the advancement of science wherever he found an opportunity. Yet, 
though his favourite studies lay in somewhat out-of-the-way regions, 
he has by no means neglected the better-known fields of Oriental letters, 
and he has long since won his place among solid scholars in Sanskrit. 

He has been honoured by the University of Oxford with his 
honorary degree of M.A., by that of Edinburgh with the degree of 
LL.D., and by the Government with the Companionship of the Indian 
Empire. The members of this Society, in whose work he has always 
felt the warmest interest, recognize that in enrolling him among their 
Honorary Members they are doing no less honour to themselves than to 
him. 

The following gentlemen have expressed a wish to withdraw from 
the Society: — 

Movilvie Golam Sarwar. 

Rai Bahadur Dhanapati Singh, Dugher. 

R. Sewell, Esq., C.S. 



1894.] 



Bihliotheca Indica Budget for 1894. 



41 



The Secretary reported the death of the following Honorary 
Members : — 

Dr. Aloys Spi^enger. 
Dr. Warner Siemens. 
Professor H. Milne-Edwards. 

The President laid on the table the Budget of expenses on the 
Bihliotheca Indica for 1894, drawn up by the Philological Committee, 
and approved by the Council. 



PROCEEDINGS OF A MEETING OF THE PHILOLOGICAL 
COMMITTEE OP THE ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL. 

Seld on Monday, Jamiary 29th, 1894. 

Present : 



G. A. Grierson, Esq., Hon. 
Phil. Secy. 

Pandit Haraprasad Sastri. 



Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle. 

C. Little, Esq. 

C. R. Wilson, Esq. 



REPORT. 

TVe recommend that the following Budget for the " Bihliotheca 
Indica " for the year 1894 be approved. 

Budget Estimate for 1894. 



Receipts. 



RS. A. p. 



Balance in band ... ... 5,572 

Government grant for 1894 9,000 



14,572 



Note— 

No account haf5 been taken of the sale 
proceeds of books, as they cover the 
establishment, postage and other charges. 



Disbursements. 

Tattva-cintamani 
Svayaihbhupurana ... 
Tul'si-sat'sai ... 
Brhad-dharma-ijurana 
Pag Sam Thi S'in ... 
Markandeya-purana ... 
Ain-i-Akbari ... 
Nyaya-varttika 
Kalpalata 

C aturvarga-cintamani 
Taittiriya-samhita 
(^'ranta-sutra of Qamkhayana 
Nyayakusumaiijali ,,, 
Maasiru-1-Umara 
Aitareya-brahmana ... 
Muntakhabu-t-tawarikh 
Ten Arabic Poems ... 
Sher Phyin 

Translation of Akbarnama 
Atharvana-upanisads 
Payment of old debts for in 
complete works 



RS. A. p. 











































700 

1,050 

300 

, 500 

1,00l» 
600 

1,200 
900 

1,350 
600 
300 
700 
500 
500 

1,200 
600 
350 

1,100 
300 
300 



180 



14,230 



10. 


Taju-1-Maasir. 


11. 


Naka'idu'lFarazdaq wa Jarir. 


12. 


Karana-grantlia. 


13. 


Bhattotpala's Commentary 




on tlie Brhat-saihliita. 


14. 


Yajiiavalkya-gita. 


15. 


Katha-kosa. 


16. 


Kala-viveka. 


17. 


Caraka. 



42 H. Beveridge — Major Francklins description of Gaur. [Feb. 

The following books have been stopped for vai-ious reasons: — • 

1. Apastamba-9rauta-SLitra. 

2. Lalita-vistara (English Translation). 

3. Su9ruta. 

4. Anubhasya. 

5. Qribhasya. 

The following list of works sanctioned and approved by the Council 
but not taken in hand, has been di^awn up in order of urgency : — 

1. Sarjkhya-pravacana-bhasya. 

2. Hiranya-ke^i-sutra (Qi'auta). 

3. Baudhayana-siitra ((^I'auta). 

4. Vipaka-sutra. 

5. Natadhamma-katha-sutta. 

6. Saddharma-pundarika. 

7. Smrti-candrika. 

8. Tawarikh i Yamini. 

9. Tawarikh i Wassaf. 
We further recommend that Mr. Beveridge shoukl be invited to 

translate the Akbarnama, that Mahtimahopadhyaya Chandra-kanta 
Tarkcilankara be invited to continue the edition of the Atharvana- 
upanisads, and that Surgeon-Major Ranking be invited to continue 
the translation of the Muntakhabu-t-tawarikh. 

The following papers were read : — 

1. The Nasal Index Compared upon the Head and Skull — With Notes 
upon the Nasal Bones, and Anterior Nasal Aperture. — By R. Havelock 
Charles, Esq., M.D., M. Ch., F.R.C.S.I., F.Z.S., Bengal Medical Service. 
Communicated by the Anthropological Secretary. 

2. Note on the Tribes, Clans, and Castes of Nepal — By Captain 
Eden Vansittart. Communicated by the Anthropological Secretary. 

The papers will be published in the Journal, Part III. 

3. Materials for a Flora of the Malayan Peninsula. — By George 
King, Esq., M.B., LL.D., F.R.S., C.I.E., Superintendent, Royal Butanic 
Garden, Sibpur. 

The paper will be published in the Jozirnal, Part II. 

4. The Honorary Philological Secretary read, — Note on Major 
Francklins Description of Gaur. — By H. Beveridge, I. C. S. (Betd.) 

(Abstract.) 

This account of Gaur was a report submitted to the Court of 
Directors in the year 1812, by Major Francklin, entitled " Journal 



1894.] H. Beveridge — Major FrancMin')> description of Gaur. 43 

of a route from Bdjmahdl to Gaur, A. D. 1810" — By Major William 
Franck'lin, Regulating Officer at Bhdgalpur. 

The author was, like Warren Hastings and Impey, a Westminster 
boy, and was an officer in the army of the East India Company. He 
was the son of a Clergyman named Thomas Francklin, who was a man of 
some note in the Literary woi'ld, but who, unfortunately, got confounded 
with his more celebrated namesake, Benjamin Franklin. Macaulay 
corrects the mistake, and impales his unoffending countryman on the 
point of a Greek epigram. The son is well known as the Biographer of 
George Thomas, and as tlie author of a work on the site of Palibothra, 
in which he endeavours to identify that city with Champanagar, near 
Bhagalpur. But the most picturesque circumstance in his life was a 
tour which he made in Persia in 1786, when he was an ensign and only 
three-and-twenty years of age. On this occasion he lived for about six 
months at Shiraz as a member of a Persian family. He became Major 
in 1810, and a Lieut.-Col. in 1814. For some years he was Regulating 
Officer of Bhagalpur. Bishop Heber met him at that station so late as 
1824, and describes him as being a very agreeable and communicative 
old man, and as tbe possessor of curious and interesting collections. 
Francklin retii'ed from the service in 1825, and died in April 1839 at 
the age of 76. At the time of his death he was Librarian to the R. A. S. 

The existence of the report was first brought to notice in late years 
by Mr. Grote, who recommended Mrs. Ravenshaw to utilise it in editing 
her husband's work on Gaur. Afterwards Mr. Grote took upon himself 
the task of annotation, and added many notes from Francklin to Raven- 
shaw's text. A few years ago, our Society applied to the India Office 
for the MS., with the view of printing it, if this should seem worth while. 
The Seci-etary of State for India referred the matter to Dr. Burgess, who 
gave it as his opinion that all the valuable information in Francklin's 
report had been already extracted by Mr. Grote, and, in consequence, tbe 
MS. was not sent to our Society. 

Since then ]\ii*. Beveridge has examined it and compared it with 
Ravenshaw's Gaur, and agrees with Dr. Burgess. He therefore cannot 
recommend that it should be published, though it does seem hard that 
a report submitted to the Court of Directors in 1812, should have been 
neglected till 1878, and then be superseded by the pith of it being put 
into another's book. 

Mr. Beveridge then discusses various points of detail in regard to 
Gaur, touched on by Major Francklin. The most interesting fact noted 
is that the Chronological Table of the Muharamadan rulers of Gaur, and 
the Historical Memorandum about them given by Buchanan Hamilton, 
and reproduced in Montgomery Martin's " Eastern India,'''' ai'e word for 



44 P, C. Roy — Indian Foodstuffs. Fat and Oil. [Feb. 

word the same as a similar Table and Memorandum given by Major 
Francklin. An examination of the Buchanan MSS. shows that he 
obtained his copies from that gentleman. Francklin tells us tliat they 
are translated from some MS. matei'ials procured through the kindness 
of Mr. Ellerton, of the Indigo Factory at Goomaki, near Gaur, whom he 
describes in terms of old-world courtesy as " a gentleman who unites 
business with service and love of the arts, and whose polite hospitality 
to us during our stay at his mansion entitles him to every consideration 
and thanks." 

The paper will be published in full in the Journal, Pt. I. 

5. On the Chemical Examination of certain Indian Foodstuffs. 
Fart I. — Fats and Oils. — By P. C. Rat, Esq., D.Sc. Communicated by 
Alex. Pedler, Esq., F.R.S. 

(Abstract.) 

Of late years a belief has been gaining ground in Calcutta, Bombay, 
and in many other important towns in India — not apparently without 
reason — that wholesale adulteration is practised in many of the common 
articles of diet, notably in ghee, butter, milk, mustard oil, &c. The 
present investigation was undertaken with a view to throw some light 
on these points, and it embodies the result of the work carried on at 
intervals during the last four years. 

PRELIMINARY. 

As butter largely enters into the dietary of the people of Europe and 
America, abundant work has been done by Chemists on its analysis. It 
is, however, well known that the composition of milk and of the butter 
made from it is, within certain limits, dependent on the breed, climate, 
method of feeding the cows, period of lactation and so on ; the standard 
for genuine butter, as generally accepted in England, especially at 
Somerset House, cannot thei-efore be always accepted as a safe guide in 
this countiy. 

The analysis of the fixed oil of mustard, and the various other oils 
with which it is generally sophisticated, also presents considerable diffi- 
culties. Not much work has been done in this field. The history of 
tbe substances which have been subjected to analysis is seldom given, 
and the experimental methods are not generally described in sufficient 
detail to enable the results to be compared. While the information 
available is meagre, on the one hand, the results published from time to 
time are in tliemselves, in some cases, contradictory. It was thus found 
to be necessary to work out, in the first instance, a series of constants, for 



1894.] p. C. Roy—In,li(tu Fuo'lshiffs. Fal aud Oil. 45 

such Indian Foodstuffs as mustard oil, butter, fjhei\ &c., which might be 
ef some help in deciding cases of falsification. 

Particular care was taken in procuring genuine samples of substances. 
The oils were in many cases expressed under direct supervision from 
seeds carefully selected, so that the purity of the products was unques- 
tionable. A sample of pure mustard oil was also obtained through the 
courtesy of the Superintendent, Alipur Jail, and another of cocoauut oil 
from the officer in charge of the Kopi'a works. Viper Island, Port Blair-> 
with a certificate from him guaranteeing its purity and stating it to be 
a standard sample. 

The preliminary examination of fats and oils is much helped by 
the application of certain physical tests, e. g., melting point, specific 
gravity, index of refraction, &c. The work is at present confined solely 
to the chemical methods. The determination of the physical constants 
has been reserved for a future occasion. 

The fats and oils are simply combinations of certain acids, the so- 
called fatty acids, e.g., butyric, stearic, oleic, palmitic, <&c., with glycerin ; 
hence they have been named the ghjcerides. Qy estimating the amount 
of either or both of these constituents of fatty substances, valuable in- 
formation is often obtained as to their nature. Now, if a fat be treated 
with an alkali, the fatty acids contained in the former, combines with 
the latter, resulting in the formation of an alkaline salt, commonly 
called a soap, and the separation of glycerin. It so happens, however, 
that the molecular weights of some of these fatty acids vary within wide 
limits. Thus, butyric acid, occurring in butter-fat, has a molecular 
weight equivalent to 88, while erucic acid, a component of mustard oil, 
Las a molecular weight of 338. A molecule of caustic potash weighing 
56, will exactly neutralise 88 parts by weight of butyinc acid, or 338 
parts by weight of erucic acid. Hence a given weight of butter-fat will 
require a far larger proportion of caustic potash to convert it into soap, 
to saponify it, as it is called, than the same weight of mustard oil. Koett- 
storfer has made use of this principle. It has, in fact been found by actual 
experiments, that while 100 grammes of butter-fat require very nearly 
20 grammes of caustic potash for saponification, the same weight of 
mustard oil requires only 17 grammes of the alkali. The amount of 
glycerin also will vary in the same manner. Again, butyric, caproic, 
and other volatile acids, present in cocoauut oil, butter-fat, &c., may be 
easily separated from the non-volatile acids by distillation, and their 
amount ascertained by their potash neutralising power. Upon this prin- 
ciple is based the well-known Reicherts' test. The amount of iodine 
absorbed by different fats and oils also lies within wide limits. The 
iodine absorption has been employed with remarkable success by Baron 
Hiibl in deciding cases of adulteration. 



46 



Fading Histories. 



[Feb. 



The following processes have been made use of: — 

1. Direct titration of the fats and oils by alcoholic potash — Koett- 
storfer's test. 

2. Estimation of the amount of glycerin. 

3. Iodine absorption — Test of Hiibl. 

4. Estimation of the volatile fatty acids — Reichert's test. 

For convenience of reference the results obtained are presented 
below in a tabulated form : — 





Saponification 


Glycerin, 


Iodine absorption, 


Nature of fat or oil. 


equivalent. 


per cent. 


per cent. 


Mustai-d 


172-176 


8-5 


970 


Nis'er-Seed 


1900 


108 


120 


Cocoa.niit 


258 




69 


Ghee 


218-222 




335-394 


Mowa-fat 


199-3 





618 


Mutton-tallow 


195-5-200 


10-5 




Sesnme 


189-9 




104 5 


Lard 


195 4 




500 


Earthnut 


1950 




98-0 



SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION. 

It would thus appear that as the saponification equivalents of niger- 
seed oil, mowa-fat, mutton-tallow, sesame oil, lard and earthnut oil are 
very close to one anothei^ their admixtui'es in considerable proportions 
cannot be detected by Koettstorfer's test. Even the saponification 
equivalent of ghee is not far removed from that of lard or tallow. The 
saponification equivalents of mustard oil and cocoanut oil ai^e, however, 
hio-bly cliaracteristic. The iodine numbers on the other hand afford ns 
valuable hints as to the nature of adulteration, the most remarkable 
features beino- the exceedingly low numbers for cocoanut oil and for ghee. 
The results of the application of Reichert's test will be communicated 
later on. 

The paper will be published in full in the Journal, Part. II. 

6. Fading Histories.— By S. E. Peal, Esq., F.R.G.S. 
The paper will be published in the Journal, Part III. 



1894] Lihrary. 47 



h 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
Meeting held in January last : — 

Transactions, j^roceedings, and Journals, 

presented hij the respective Societies and Editors. 

Baltimore. Johns Hopkins University, — Circulars, Vol. XIII, No. 108. 

Berlin. Der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, — 

Abhandlungen, 1892. 
Caen. La Societe Linneenne de Normandie, — Bulletin, 4° Serie, Tome 
VII, N'os. 1 et 2. 

. Memoires, Tome XVII, Nos. 2 et .3. 

Calcutta. G-eological Survey of India, — Records, Vol. XXVI, Part 4. 

Indian Engineering, — Vol. XV, Nos. 1-5. 

Photographic Society of India, — Journal, Vol. VII, No. 1. 

Chicago, 111. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal — 

Vol. XV, No. 6. 
Copenhagen. K. Nordiske Oldskrift — Selskab, — Aarboger, II Raekke, 

Band Vm, Heft. 3. 
Dublin. Royal Irisb Academy, — Proceedings, 3rd series, Vol. HI, 

No. 1. 

. . Transactions, Vol. XXX, Parts 5-10. 

Fi-ankfurt, A. O. Des Naturwissenscliaftlichen Vereins des Res:.-Bez. 

Frankfurt, — Helios, Jahrg. II, Nrn. 6-9. 

„. ., . Societatum Litterse, Jalirg. VII, Nrn. 8-12. 

Havre. Societe de Geographic Commerciale du Havre, — Bulletin, 

Septembve-Octobre, 1893. 
Ithaca. Cornell University, — Library Bulletin, — Vol. Ill, No. 5. 
Liege. La Societe Geologique de Belgique, — Aunales, Tome XX, No. 2. 
London. The Academy,— Nos. 1129-33. 

. Tbe Atlienasum, — Nos. 3452-56. 

. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, — Proceedings, No. 2, 

1893. 

. Nature,— Vol. XLIX, Nos. 1260-64. 

. Royal Astronomical Society, — Montlily Notices, Vol. LIV, 

No. 2. 

. Royal Greographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. Ill, 

No. 1. 

-. Royal Microscopical Society, — Journal, Part 5, 1893. 

, Royal Society. — Proceedings, Vol. LIII, No. 325. 



48 Library . [Feb. 

Melbourne. Royal Society of Victoria, — Proceedings, New Series, Vol. 

V. 
Mexico. Sociedrtd Cientifica " Antonio Alzate", — Memorias y Revista, 

Tome VII, Nos. 3 et 4. 
Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, No. 3. 
Ottawa. Geological Survey of Canada, — Annual Report, Vol. V, Parts 

1 and 2 ; and Maps to Vol. V. 
Paris. Societe de Geograpliie, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Nos. 17 

et 18, 1893. 
Pisa. Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, — Atti, Pi-ocessi Verbali, 9 

Luglio, 1893. 
Raleigh. Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, — Journal, Vol. IX, Part 2. 
Rome. La Societa Degli Spetti-oscopisti Italiaui, — Memorie, Tome 

XXII, Nos. 10 et 11. 
Santiago. La Societe Scientifique du Chili, — Actes, Tome III, Nos. 1 

et 2. 
Schaffhausen. Der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, — 

Mittheilungen, Band IX, Heft. 1. 
Stockholm. Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens, — Bihang, Afdel- 

ningl. Band XIV-XVII ; II, XIV-XVll; III, XIV-XVII ; IV, 

XIV-XVII. 

. . Handlinger, Band XXII— XXIV, Parts 1-2. 

. . . Lefnadsteckningar, Band III, Heft 1. 

. . . Meteoi'ologiska lakttagelser I Sverige, 1385-88. 

. . Ofversigt, Band XLVI-XblX. 

Taiping. Perak Government,— Gazette, Vol. VI, No. 30 ; VII, 1-2. 
Turin. La Reale Accademia della Scienze di Torino, — Memorie, 2ud 

Series, Tome XLIII. 
Vienna. Der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, — Mittheilungen, 

Band XXIII, Heft 4 und 5. 

. Der K. K. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, — Verhandlungen, 

Nru. 11-14, 1893, 
, Der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, — Denksch- 



riften (Mathematisch Naturwissens-chafliche classe). Band LIX. 
Tokohama. Asiatic Society of Japan, — Transactions, Vol. XXI. 

Books and Pamphlets, 

'presented by the Authors, Translators, ^'c. 

Chatterjee, M. N. Science of the Ethics, its nature and source. 8vo. 

Lahore, 1893. 
Ray, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

Prose, Parts 85 and 86. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 



1894.] Lihrary. 49 

Miscellaneous Pj^esentations. 

Melanges Asiatiques tires du Bulletin de L'Acaderaie Imperials des 

Sciences de St. Petersbourg, Tome X, Livraison 2. 4to. St. 

Petersburg, 1892. 
Catalogus Librorum Impressorum Hebraeorum in Museo Asiatico Im- 

perialis Academios Scientiarum Petropolitanae asservatoj'um. Fasc. 

I. 4to. St. Petersburg, 1893. 

L'Acade'mie Impk'riale des Sciences de St. Pe'tersbourg. 
PoTViN, Ch. Homere Choix de Rhapsodies illustrees d'apres I'art antique 

et I'Ai'cheologie moderne et mises en vers. 4to. Brussels, 1891, 

Acade'mie Rotale de Belgique. 
JoNKER, J. C. Gr. Bimaneesch-Hollandsch Woordenboek. 8vo. 

Batavia, 1893. 
Raxnefi, W, Meijer. Verklaring van de nieest bekeude Javaansclie 

Raadsels in Proza. 8vo. Batavia, 1893. 

Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kun-sten en Wetenschappen. 
Report of the Calcutta Public Library for the year 1892-93. 8vo. 

Calcutta, 1893. 

Calcutta PaBLic Libra.rt. 
Returns of the Rail-Borne Traffic of the Central Provinces durino- the 
quarter ending 30th September, 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1893. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
McCuLLOCH, R. W. Coffee-growing and its preparation for market, 

8vo. Brisbane, 1893. 
Report of the Agricultural Conferences of the Department of Ao-ricul- 

ture, Brisbane. 8vo. Brisbane, 1893. 
Sugar-Planting in Queensland. 8vo. Brisbane, J893. 

Department op Agriculture, Brisbane. 
The Indian Journal of Education for January, J 894. 8vo. Madras 
1894. 

Editor, Indian Journal of Education, Madras. 
General Report on the Census of India, 1891. Fcp. London, 1893. 
Genei'al Report on Public Instruction in Bengal for 1892-93. Fcp. 

Calcutta, 1893. 
Report on the Census of Calcutta, taken on the 26th February, 1891. 

Fcp. Calcutta., 1891. 
Report on the Rail-Borne Traffic of Bengal during the year 1892-93. 

Fcp. Calcutta, 1893, 
Returns of the Rail and River-Borne Trade of Bensral durino- the 
quarter ending the 30th June, 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1893, 

Government of Bengal, 



50 Library. [Feb. 

Magnetical and Meteorological Observations made at the Grovernment 

Observatory, Bombay, 1891 and 1892. 4to. Bombay, 1893. 

Government of Bombay. 
Leitner, G, W. The Hunza and Nagyar Hand-book, Part I. Fcp. 

Calcutta, 1889. 

Government of India, P'obeign Department. 
The Indian Antiquary for October, 1893. 4to. Bombay, 1893. 
North Indian Notes and Queries for December, 1893. 4to. Allahabad, 

1893. 

Government of India, Home Department. 
Hand-books of Commercial Products, Nos. 26 and 30. 8vo. Calcutta, 

1893. 
Taw Sein-Ko. A Preliminary Study of the Kalyani Inscription of 

Dhammacheti, 1476 A. D. 4to. Bombay, 189*3. 
Watt, George. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, 

Vol. VI, Part 4. 8vo. Calcutta, 1S93. 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Dept. 
Annual Progress Report of the Archa3ological Survey Circle, North- 

Westerii Provinces and Oudh, for the year ending 30th June, 1893. 

Fcp. Roorkee, 1893. 

Government of N.-W. P. and Oudh. 
Maps to accompany the Settlement Report of the Rawalpindi District. 

Sheets. 

Government op the Punjab. 
Annual Report of the Indian Museum from April 1892 to March 1893. 

8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 

Indian Museum. 
Alkemade, a. C. Van Run van. Toepassingen der theorie van Gibbs 

of evenwichtstoestanden van Zoutoplossingen Met Vaste Phasen. 

8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 
Beijerinck, M. W. Ueber die Butylalkoholgahrung und das Butyl- 
ferment. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 
Bemmelen, P. Van. Les Notions Fondamentales du Droit Civil. 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1892. 
Brester, a. Theorie Du Soleil. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 
Cappelle, Dr. H. Van. Het Diluvium van West-Drenthe. 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1892. 
Cardtnaal, J. Over Het Outstaan van Oppervlakken van den Vierden 

Graad Met Dubbelrechte door middel van Projectieve Bundels Van 

Kwadratische Oppervlakken. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 
Groot, J. J. M. De Le Code Du Mahayana En Chine Son Influence 

Sur La Vie Monacale Et Sur Le Monde Laique. 8vo. Amsterdam, 

1893. 



1894.] Library. tA 

Hamburger, Dr. H. J. Over Het Onderscheid In Samenstelling tuss- 
clien Arterieel En Veneus Bloed, Bijdi-age Tot De Methode Van 
Vergelijkend Bloedonderzoek. 8vo. Amsterdam, J 892. 

Hoffmann, C, K. Etude Sur I<e Developpement De L'appareil Uro- 
Genital Des Oiseaux. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 

HoOGEWERFP, S., EN, DoRP, W. A. Van. Het Orthocyaanbenzoezuur 
en zijne vorming bij de inwerkiug van. Phtalylcbloride Op Am- 
moniak. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 

Julius, W. H. Bolometriscb Onderzoek van Absorptiespectra. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1892. 

Lorie', Dr. J. Verslag Over Eenige Boringeu In Het Oostelijke 
Gedeelte Der Pi^ovincie Utrecbt., nnd Eenige Onderzoekingen In 
Den Nieuwen Maasmond. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

Moll, Dr. J. W. Observations on Karyokinesis in Spirogyra. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1893. 

Mulder, E. Over Een Keton — Verbinding afgeleid van Wijusteen- 
zuur. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

OuDEMAxs, J. A. C. Over Het Ouderzcek van Verdeelde Lucbtbelbui- 
zen. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1892. 

Pekelharing, C. a. Untersucbungen iiber das Fibrinferment. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1892. 

RapjDort Der Commissie nit de Koninklijke Akademie van Wetensch- 
appen, to Amsterdam, Benoemd in de vergaderiug der afdeeling 
Natum^kunde op Zaterdag 28tb November, 1885, ten einde der 
Akademie te adviseeren, naar aanleiding van de missive van den 
minister van Waterstaat, Handel en Nijverbeid, dato 27tb November, 
188.5 (zie Bijlage 1), Betreifende de levenswijze en de werking van 
Limuoria Lignorum. 8vo. Amsterdam 1893. 

Verslagen der Zittingen van de Wis-en Natuurkundige afdeeling der 
Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenscbappen van 25tb Juni, 1892, tot 
28tb April, 1893. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

Waals, J. D. Van Der. Tbermodynamiscbe Tbeoine Der Capillariteit 
in de onderstelling van Continue Dicbtbeidsveraudering. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1893. 

WissELiNGH, C. Van. Over De Kurklamel en Het Suberine. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1892. 

Zaaijer, Prop. T. Der Sulcus Pra^auriculai'is Ossis Ilei. 8vo. Ams- 
terdam, 1893. 
Der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam. 

Ahlwardt, W. Verzeicbniss der Arabiscben Haudscbriften der Konigl 
Bibliotbek zu Berlin, Band. V. 4to. Berlin, 1893. 

KoXIGL BiPLIOTHEK ZU BERLIN. 



52 Library. [Feb. 

Monthly Weather Review for August J 893 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lucknow, 
Lahore, Nagpur, Bombay and Madras, for August 1893. 4to. 
Calcutta, 1893. 

Meteoroloc4ical Reporter to the Government of India. 
Bulletin of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta, Vol. II., Nos. II 

and 12. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 
Sixth Report of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta for the year 
1893. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 

Microscopical Society of Calcutta. 
Strechly, G. Les Lois de Mauou traduites du Sanskrit. 8vo. Paris, 
1893. 

Mdse'e Guimet, Paris. 
Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, Vol. IV. Fcp. Cal- 
cutta, 1893. 

Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 
Nordiske Fortidsminder udgivne af det Kgl. Nordiske Oldskriftselskab, 
2 Hefte. 4to. Copenhagen, 1892. 

Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries, Copenhagen. 
Annual Report of the Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of 
India, for 1892. Tcp, Calcutta, 1894. 

Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of India. 
Katalog der Reptilieu-Sammlung im Museum der Seuckenbergis- 
chen Naturforschendeu Gesellschaft in Frankfui^t am main. 8vo. 
Frankfurt A. M., 1893. 

Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 

IN Frankfurt, A. M. 
Tide Tables for the Indian Ports, for the year 1894. 8vo. London' 
1893. 

Survey of India, Tidal and Levelling Operations. 
Synopsis of the results of the Operations of the Great Trigonometrical 
Survey of India, Vol. XXXIII. 4to. Dehra-Dun, 1893. 

Survey of India, Trigonometrical Branch. 
Bailey, Vernon. The Prairie Ground Squirrels or Spermophiles of the 
Mississippi Valley. 8vo. Washington, 1893. 

United States Department of Agriculture, Washington. 
Catalogue of Yale University, 1893-94. 8vo. New Haven, 1893. 

Yale University, New Haven. 

Pei^odicals Pui^hased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vol. Ill, No. 9. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteraturzeitung, — Jahrg. XIV, Nrn. 10-44. 



1894.] Library. 53 

Calcutta. Tlie Calcutta Review,— Vol. XCVIII, No. 195. 

. Indian Medical Gazette,— Vol. XXIX, No. I and 2. 

Ce.ssel. Botanisches Centralblatt, — Band LVI, Nos. l-O. 

Geneva. Archives des Sciences Phjsicjues et Naturelles, — Tonie XXX, 

No. 12. 
Gotting-en. Der Konigl. Gesellschaft der Wisseuschaften, — (iottingis- 

che Gelehrte Anzeigea, Nrn. 19-2], 1893. 

. . Naclii-ichten, Nr. 14, 1893. 

Leyden. Internationales Archiv fiir Ethnograpliie,- — Band V'l, Heft 

4 tind 5. 
London. The Annals and Magazine of Natural Histoiy.--\'ol. Xll 
(6th series), No. 71. 

. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXVIII, Nos. 1778-81. 

. The Entomologist,— Vol. XXVI, No. 366. 

. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. IV i 2nd scries), 

No. 47. 

. The Ibis,— Vol. V (6th series). No. 20. 

. The Journal of Botany,— Vol. XXXI, No. 371. 

'. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine, 

—Vol. XXXVI (5th series). No. 222. 

. The Messenger of Mathematics,— Vol. XXIII, No 4. 

. The Numismatic Chronicle, — Part III, 1893. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 14. 

. Rhopalocera Exotica,— Part 26. 



New Haven. The American Journal of Science, — Vol. XL\'f, Nos. 274 

and 275. 
Paris. L' Academic des Sciences, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Tome 

CXVII, Nos. 14-18. 
— . Annales de Chemie et de Physique, — 6™*^ serie, Tuine, XXX, 

Novembre, 1893, 
. Revue Critique d'Histiore et de Litterature, — Vol. XXX\'I, 

Nos. 41-45. 
. Revue Scientifique, — 3^ serie, Tome LII, Nos. 26 et 27 ; 4<^ serie, 



Tome I, Nos. 1-3. 



Books Pup^chased. 



Cappeller, Carl. Sanskrit-English Dictiunai-y : based upon the St. 

Petersburg Lexicons. 8vo. London, 1891. 
Griffith, F. LI. Ai^chteological Report, comprising the recent work of 

the Egypt Exploration Fund, and the progress of Egyptology 

during the years 1892-93. 8vo. London. 



54 Library. [Feb. 1894.] 

Leitner, G. W. Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893 : being a supple- 
ment to the second edition of the Hunza and Magyr Handbook. 
8vo. Woking, 1893. 

— . Hunza and Magyr Handbook, 2nd Edition. 4to. Woking, 

1693. 

IjETHIERRY, L, and Severin, G. Catalogue General des Hemipieres, 
Tome I. 8vo. Brussels, 1893. 

Ray, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 
prose, Parts 85 and 86. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 

Refiatsek, E. The Rauzat-us-Safa, Vol. III., Part 2. 8vo. Loudon, 
1894. 

The Zoological Record. Vol. XXIX, J892. 8vo. London, 1893. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For March, 1894. 



The Monthly General Meeting of the Asiatic Societj- of Bengal was 
held on Wednesday, the 7th March, 1894, at 9-15 p. m. 

C. J. Lyall, Esq., M.A.,LL.D., C.S.I., C.I.E., 

Piesideut, in the chair. 

The following Memhers were present: — 

l)r. A. W. Alcock, Babu Nobiu Chand Bural, Babn Banawari Lai 
Chaudhuri, His Grace The Most Kev. Dv. Paul Goethals, G. A. Griersou, 
Esq., Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle, Dr. W. King, C. Little, Esq., J. Mann, Esq., 
L. de Niceville, Esq., Major U. C. Temple, C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

Visitors :— Dr. C. R. M. Green, Major C. T. Bingham. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Twentj-one presentations were announced, details of which are 
given in the Library List appended. 

The following gentlemen, duly proposed and seconded at the last 
meeting of the Society, w^ere ballotted for and elected Ordinary 
Members : — 

His Highness Raja Vishwanath Singh, Bahadur. 

W. M. Osmond, Esq. 

The following gentlemen, duly proposed by the Council at the last 
meeting, were ballotted for and elected Honorary Members : — 
Sir William Henry Flower, K.C.B., D.C.L., &c. 
Dr. Edward Frankiand, D.C.L., F.R.S., &c. 
Monsieur Louis Pasteur. 
Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Bart., F.R.S. 



56 Philological Secretary — Reports on Old Coins. [Mar. 

Mahamahopadhyaya Chandra Kanta Tarkalankai'. 
Professor Theodor Noeldeke. 
Dr. Reinhold Rost, CLE., LL.D. 

The following gentlemen have expressed a Avish to withdraw from 
the Society : — 

Dr. L. A. Waddell. 

J. H. Rivett-Carnac, Esq., C.S. 

The Philological Secretary (Numismatic) read reports on the fol- 
lowing finds of Treasure Trove Coins : — 

1, Repokt on 31 old silver coins forwarded by the Collector of 
Patna, with his N"o. 1253R., of 10th August 1893. 

The coins are stated, in the Collector's original letter. No. 152f>R., 
dated 26th August 1892, to have been found on the 23rd June 1892, 
buried in the ground in a field at Patna. 

They are Mughal coins; 29 are full rupees, and 3 are half-rupees 
of the following Emperors: Muhammad Shah (1 specimen), Ahmad 
Shah (9), 'Alamgir II (10), Shah Jahan III (9), Shah 'Alam (2). They 
reigoed from 1131-1221 A. H. = 1719-1806 A. D. As Shah 'Alam's 
coins are dated 1181 A. H. = 1770 A. D., and Muhammad Shah's, 1151 
A. H. = 1738 A. D., this find covers a period of 32 years. 

The following is a detailed description : — No. of 

J, Muhammad Sttah, type Badshah Ghazi, similar to Specimens 
British Museum Catalogue, No. 985, mint 'Azimabad, 
date 115*, 20 1 

2, Ahmad Shah. 

a. Type as in Br. Mus. Cat., No. 1045, mint of 
six: 'Azimabad (nearly obliterated), date 1166, 6*, 
11G6, 52, 1163, 3I; all fall rupees 7 

b. Same type, mint and date 1160, G, but half- 
rnpces 2 9 

3, 'Alamg'ir II. 

rt. Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 1075, mint 'Azim- 
fibad, 1171, 52, 1172, 63, 1170, 32, 1171, 4. Total... 8 

b. Type, similar to Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 1066, mint 

Jahannagar 11**, 5, Arkat (?) 11**, 3 2 10 

4, Shah Jahan III. 

a. Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 1087, mint 'Azim- 
abad (almost obliterated), date 1073, ahad^, 1074, 
ahad.^ Total 8 



1894.] Pliilologieal Secretary — Brports on Old Coins. 57 

6. Typo and mint tlie same, date ****, almd, a half- 
rupee 1 9 

5. SuAii 'Alam, type as in Brit. Miis. Cat., No. IIGO, 

mint 'Azimabad, date 1174, 2^ 2 



Grand Total ... 31 



II. Report on 14 old gold coins forwarded by the Collector of 
Muzaffarpur, with his No. 914R., dated 9th September 1893. 

These coins are stated to have been found by a boy " among* brick 
rubbles in a small walled enclosure near Kunahra Ghat, in the Bazar 
of Hajipur, on the 2nd or 3rd August 1893," Altogether 22 coins were 
found, but only 14 of them could be recovered fi'om the finder. 

They are coins of the following three kings of the earlier Gupta 
dynasty : Chandra Gupta I., who reigned from about 360-380 A. D., 
Samudra Gupta, who reigned fi'om about 380-395 A. D., and Chandra 
Gupta II., who reigned from about 395-415 A. D. 

1, The coin of Chandra Gupta I. belongs to the King-and- 
Qneen type, one specimen, 113 grs., (Smith's Catalogue, plate I, 
figure 1) , 1 

2, The coins of Samudra Gupta belong to the following 
types: Arclier, one specimen, weight 115 grs. (S. Cat., pi. 1., 
fig. 10) — Battle-axe, 1 specimen, 113 grs., (S. Cat., pi. I, fig, 11 ), 
— Javelin., 2 specimens, 116 and 120 grs., (S. Cat., pi. I, fig. 7). 

Total...... 4 

3, The coins of Chandra Gupta II. belong to the following 
types : Archer, Class I, 2 specimens, 122 and 124 gr., (S. Cat., 
pi. 1, fig. 14, hut "bow-string inwards"), — Archer, Class II., 
1 specimen, 121 grs. (S. Cat., pi. I., fig. 16), — Vmbrella, 2 speci- 
mens, 122 grs. each, (S. Cat., pi. II., fig. 8), — Umbrella, new 
variety (Goddess walking to left, with fillet in right hand), 
1 specimen, 123 gi'S. (not in S. Cat.) ; — Combatant Lion, 3 speci- 
mens 121, 122, and 123 grs. (S. Cat., pi. II., fig. 5), Total 9 



Total ... 14 



III. Report on 890 old copper coins, forwarded by the Political 
Superintendent of Palanpur, with his No. 2861, dated 16th October 1893. 

The coins are stated to have been found in the old Padar of 
Khenana, a village in the Kankrig Taluk under the Palanpur Super- 
intendency. 

With the exception of 5 Indo-Sassanians they ai'e all coins of 
the following early Sultans of Delhi (so-called Pathans) : Ghiyasu- 



68 Philological Secretary — Reports on Old Coins. [Mab. 

d-din Balban (A. H. 664-686 = A. D. 1265-1287), Mu'izzii-d-din Kaiqu- 
bad (A. H. 686-689 = A. D. 1287-1290), Jalalu-d-din Flruz (A. H. 689- 
695 = A. D. 1290-1295), Ruknu-d-din Ibraliim (695 = 1295), 'Alau-d- 
din Muhammad (A. H. 695-715 = A. D. 1295-13J5), Qutb-d-d!n Mubarak 
(A. H. 716-720 = A. D. 1316-1320), Gbiyasu-d-dln Tugblaq (A. H. 720- 
725 = A. D. 1320-1324) and Muhammad bin Tnghlaq (725-752 = 1324- 
1357). They cover therefore a period of nearly 100 years (from A. D. 
1265-1354). 

The follovring is a detailed statement: — 

1. QvHiYASU-D-DiN Balban, type as in the British Museum 

Catalogue, Nos. 115-118 77 

2. Mu'izzu-D-DiN Kaiqubad, type as in British Museum 

Catalogue, Nos. 129, 130 18 

3. Jalalu-d-din FIruz, type as in British Museum Cata- 

logue, Nos. 146-148, 50 

4. Rdknu-d-din Ibrahim, type as in British Museum Cata- 

logue, Nos. 154, 155, 1 

6. 'Alau-d-dIn Muhammad. 

a. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 1 82-194 ; 
date only preserved on 24 specimens; viz., 97 3, 99^, 
7002, 702, 724 3, 705, 706, 707, 708, and seven with 
imperfect dates, 9* and 70* 267 

t, Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 195- 
201; dates 701, 7926, 703*, 704 s, 710, 711, 712*, 
7133, 712 2, 715*, doubtful 12, 41 

c. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 202, 

203 2 310 

6. QuTBu-D-DiN Mubarak. 

a. Square type, as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 
225-226, date 71820, 719 30, 7207, illegible 5 q2 

h. Round type, as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 
223-224 11 

c. Round type, as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 
217-220; dates 717 9, 7182, 719 9, 720 2, illegible 5... 27 

d. Round type, as in British Musuem Catalogue, Nos. 
215, 216, date 710 3, 717 w, illegible 2 J5 

e. Round type, as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 
221, 222, date 717 1 

/. Round type, as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 

214, date 7162 2 

a. Square type, as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 

229-232, date 719^ 720^ illegible^ 10 123 



1894,] Philological Sccreiai-y — Eeports on Old Coins. 59 

7. GhITASU-D-DIN TUi^HLAQ. 

a. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 249- 
254 ; dates 720 ^ 721 ^i, 72223, 72327, 7243*, 725 ^s, 
(posthumous) 72612, 7277, illegible 123 258 

b. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 255, 
256, date 720, 721 & 4 

c. Type, as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 257, 8 270 

8. Mohammad bix Tuotlaq. 

a. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 280, 
281, date 726 B, 727 '2, 728 3, Total: 20 

b. Type as in Bi'itish Museum Catalogue, Nos. 278, 
279, date 7252 3 

c. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, Nos. 282- 

283, date (in words) 727 2 2 25 

9. Indo-Sassanian 5 

10. Defaced and illegible Q 



Grand total ... 890 



IV. Repokt on 190 old silver coins, forwarded by the Offg. Deputy 
Commissioner of Sibsagar, with his No. 3556, dated 18th November 
1893. 

The coins are stated by the Deputy Commissioner, in his Report 
No. 1239, dated the 20th June 1863, to have been found in June or 
July 1S92, by a time-expired cooly settler, in an earthen pot buried in 
his sugar-cane field in Mouza Hahchhra, in the jurisdiction of the 
Sadar Thana. 

The find consists of three classes of coins: 1, 116 coins of IMughal 
Sultans of Delhi ; 2, 62 coins of Assam kings ; and 3, 12 coins of Jayanti- 
pur. The Mu gh al Sultans rejiresented in the first are the following : 
Shah Jahan, 1037-1068 A. H. = 1628-1658 A. D., Aurangzib, 1069-1118 
A. H. = 1659-1707 A. D., Shah 'Alam Bahadur, 1119-1124 A. H. = 
1707-1712 A. D., Farrukh Siyar, 1124-1131 A. H. = 1713-1719 A. D., 
Muhammed Shah 1131-1161 A. H. = J 719-1 748 A. D., Ahmad Shah 
1161-1167 A. H. = 1748-1754 A. D., 'Alamgir Sani 1167-1173 A. H. 
= 1755-1759 A. D. Their coins cover a period of about 130 years. 
The Assamese kings repi-esented in the find are: Rudra Siijgh 1618- 
1636 Saka= 1696-1714 A. D., and fiva Sii)gh 1637-1660 Saka = 1715- 
1738 A. D. 

The find consists of a large number of coins, which are of con- 
siderable numismatic interest, especially the earlier coinages of the 
East-India Company, in the name of Muhammed Shah. 



60 Philological Secretary — Reports on Old Coins. [Mar. 

The following is a detailed statement : — 
I. Mughal Coins — 

1, Shah Jahan. 

a, TyjDe as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 
605, two single-lined areas : mint Surat 
1059, Patna— 11, Agrah 1049, 12, Multan 
1043, 6 ; Patna 1048, 10 ; Multan 1058, 22 ; 
1047, 9; other mints illegible, dates 1038, 
12 ; 1046, 8; 1064, 28; others illegible, ... 14 

6, Type, as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 588, 

Multfm, 104* 1 

c, Ilahl, 4 Ardibihist, san 1040, and Akbar- 

nagar 1038, a/«acZ. 2 17 

2, Aueangzib. — 

a, Type, as in Brit, Mus. Cat., No. 702 ; mint 
Silrat, dates 1098, 80; 1107, 39; 1110, 432; 
1111,43; 1111,442; 1117,49; Patna 1090, 
22 ; 1116, 49 ; Narnol 1399, 30 ; 'Azimabad 
1117, 50 ; Chinapatan, — 4, 13 

&, Type, as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 711, Siirat 

1081, 20; the rest illegible 7 

c, Type, milir munlr, Akbartibad, — , 39, 1 

d, Type, as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 728, Patna, 

1071,* 1 22 

3, Shah 'Alam Bahadur. 

a, Type as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 

868, 'Azimabad, 1121* 1 

&, New type, 'Azimabad [1121] s 1 2 

4, Farrukh Sitae. — 

o. Type as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 
893, Daru-1-khllafat Shah Jahauabad, 
[1127],*; others illegible 2 

h, Type not in British Museum Catalogue, mint 

illegible, date 1127,* 1 3 

5, Muhammad Shah. — 

a, Type : scihil) qirdn, as in British Museum 
Catalogue, No. 1029, Sliah Jahanabad, 
11**, 14 1 

&, Type hddshdh ghaz'i, as in British Museum 
Catalogue, No. 985, Siirat 1132, 2, 1 136, 6, 
and nine with illegible dates ; Akbarabad 
1137,7, one illegible; Machblipatan 1159,27 



lS9i.] Philological Secretary — Reports on Old Coins. Gl 

(extremely rare mint), Arkfit, san fi-ag- 
menfcary 113*, jalus 2, 8^9 2, 10^, 11, 17, 
22, four illegible, one with illegible date 
and mint: 31 

c, Type badshah gh azl, date in 2nd line, not in 

British JMiiseum Catalogue, Arkat, 114,* 
j((7«6" illegible 1 

d, Type badshah ghazl, East India Company's 

issues, not in British Museum Catalogue. 
Mint Arkat (Madras issue with trisul- 
mark), san gone, jalus2; Ai-kat (Pondi- 
cherry issue with crescent m.ark), san gone, 
yaZ«s7, 22, 23 2, 25 3, 7 40 

6, Ahmad Shah, East India Company's issues, not 

in Brit. Mus. Cat., Arkat, (Madras issue with 

trisul-mai'k) san cut off, jah'is, 4, 7, 3 

Arkat (Pondicherry issue, with crescent-mark) 
1167, 7, in others san cut off, jalils akad^, 2^, 
33,4,5,6, 10 13 

7, 'AlamgIr II., East India Comj^any's issues, as 

in Brit. Mus. Cat., Nos. 127 and 163, Arkat 
(Pondicherry issue, with crescent-mark) san 

l],**oM^2^3, 5 

Arkfit (Madras issue, with trisiil-mark), san cut 
oS., jalils 4, 6, others illegible 14 19 



MoGHULS— Total ... 116 

II, Assamese Coins — 

1, RuDRA SiiSGH. Type as in Marsden, No. MCLII, 

dates, {Scika) 1618^, 16207, 16213, I622i6, 16233, 
16256, 16273, 16273 and 1630^, 16321, 16333, 
1634*, 1635*, 16361, (the only omitted dates are 
1619,1624,1628,1629,1631) 57 

2, CivA Sdsgh. As in Marsden, No. MCLVII, date 

' 1650, 1 

3, Old Assamese, similar to Marsden, No. MCCXXI, 

undeciphered 4 

Assamese — Total ... 62 

III, JatantIpur Coins — 

Type as in Marsden, No. MCCXVI ; all dated 

Saka 1683 = 1761 A. D. Total ... 12 



Grand Total ... 190 



62 Philological Secretary — Beiwrts on Old Coins. [Mar. 

V. Report on 72 old silver coins forwarded by the Deputy Com- 
missioner of Delhi, with his No. 1119, dated llth December 1893. 

Those coins are stated to have been found outside the Delhi City 
during the course of some excavations. 

They are all rupees of the following three Mu gh al emperors of 
Delhi; viz., Farrukh Siyar, 1124-1131 A. H. = 1713-1719 A. D., Rafi'u- 
d-daulah (or Shah Jahau II.) 1131 A. H. = 1719 A. D., and Muhammad 
Shah, 1161-1131 A. H. = 1719-1748 A. D. The earliest coin of the find 
is dated 1128 A. H. = 1717 A. D., and the latest 1151 A. H. = 1738 
A. D. ; accordingly the find covers a period of 2J years. 

The following is a detailed statement : — 

1. Farrdkjj Siyar, type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 891, 

SA«/i Ja/«a«fi6a(,?, date lost, reign 5 1 

2. Shah Jahan II. 

a, Tjpe as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 947, Mustaqiru-l- 

Khildfat Ahbardbdd, 1131, ahad 1 

h, Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 952, but Baru-l- 

JQiilaf at Shah Jahdiidhdd, 1131, ahad 2 3 

3. Muhammad ShAH. 

a, Type not in Brit. Mus. Cat., sahib qirdn, mint 
D dm-l-Khildfat Shah Jahdndbdd, 1141, 10, 1143, 
12, 1147, 17*, 1145, 152, n^e, 252, 1148, IS^, 

1141, 13, 1139, 8, illegible 12 26 

h, Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 1029, mint Ddru-U 

Khildfat Skdh Jahdndbdd, 1141, 11^, 1146, 16, 
1148, 18^ 1133, 3, 1150, 20, 1135, 5, 1137, 72, 

1142, 12, 1149, 19, 1147, 17 15 

c, Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat,, No. 959, mint Ddru-l- 

KMldfat Shdh Jahdndbdd, 1133, 32 2 

d, Type as in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 967 (bddshdh 

ghdzl) mint Mustaqiru-l-Khildfat Akbardbdd, 
1141, 17, 1149, 19, 1143, 13, 1132,2, 1140, 10, 
illegible 3; Barell 1137, 7, 1145,15; Bdru-s- 
Salfanat Ldhor, 1132, 2, 1136 6; Givdliyar, 
1147, 172, 1114, 4, 1140, 10, 1142, 12, 1148, 8, 
Mtthammaddbad-Bandras, 1151, 21, illegible^ ... 24 

e, New type of bddshdh ghdz't, mint Bdru-l-Khild- 

fat Shdh Jahdndbdd, [1132], 2, a twig in usual 

place of san 1 68 

Total ... 72 



1894.] Pliilological Socrolaiy — Ticporls on Old Coins. G3 

VI. Report on four old gold coins, forwarded by the Collector of 
Malda with his No. 440G., dated f| November 1893 ; and No. 470G., 
dated 13tli December 1893. 

These coins, together "with a peice of a broken gold ornament, arc 
stated to have been found, by a man " wliile he was working on the 
homestead of one Newai Sliaha, of Enaitpur, outpost Manickchak." 
The ornament was not forwarded. 

Two of these gold moliurs belong to the Mughal series ; viz., one 
being, a mohur of Muhammad Shall (J131-11G1 A. H. = 1719-1748 
A. D.), mint Etilwa, dated 1131 ahad; the other a mohur of Shall 
'Alam (1173-1221 A. H. = 1759-1806 A. D.), mint Daru-s-Saltauat Shah 
Jahanabad, dated. 1202, jahls 29. 

One is a mohur of the East-India Company, struck in the name of 
Shah 'Alam, mint Murshidabad, date 1202, marked " Sau 19." 

The fourth is a mohu.r of the Maharaja Ram Siijgh of Jaipur, of 
the 29th year of Shah 'Alam, marked with a twig (mint-mark of 
JaijDur). 

VH. Retort on 55 old silver coins forwarded by the Deputy Com- 
missioner of the Kangra District, with his No. 143, dated 24th January 
1894. 

These coins are stated to have been found in the village of Thakur- 
dwara, Tahsil Niirpur. Only 26, selected from them by me, have been 
acquired for the Government. The balance of 29 coins has been return- 
ed to the Deputy Commissioner to be disposed of. 

The 26 coins belong to the following Mu gln l emperors of India : 
Shah 'Alam Bahadur 1119-1124 A. H. = 1707-1712 A. D. ; Farrukh 
Siyar, 1124-1131 A. H. = 1713-1719 A. D. ; Rafl'u-d-daulah (,Shah 
Jahan II) 1131 A. H.=.1719 A. D. ; Muhammad Shah 1131-1161 
A. H. =. 1719-1748 A. D. ; Ahmad Shah llGl-1169 A. H. = 1748-1754 
A. D. 

The following is a detailed statement : — 

1, Bahadur Shah, like British Museum Catalogue, No. 858, 

mint DdrH-s-SuItanat Ldhor, date 1120 and 1121 2 

2, Farrukh Siyar, as in British Museum Catalogue, 

Nos. 896, 918, etc., 1127, 3, 1129, 6, 1130, 7, 1130, 6, 
1126, 3. Mint Akhardhad, Bdru-l-khildfat Shah 
Jahandhdd, Ddru-s-S dltanat Lahor 6 

3, Shah jahan II, as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 947, 

mint Akhardhdd, 1131, ahad 1 

4, Muhammad Shah, as in British Museum Catalogue, No. 

958 and 959. Mints Ddru-l-Khilafgt Shah Jahanabad, 



Philological Secretary — Bcports on Old Coins. [Mar. 

Ddru-s-Saltanat Ldlior, and Muhammaddbad-Bandras, 
dates 1144, 4, 1152, 22, 1157, 27, 1131, ahad, 1154,24, 
1149, 19, 1155, 25, 1148, 18, 1151, 20, 1143, 13, 1132, 2, 

1126, 3 12 

5, Ahmad Shah, as in British Museum Catalc^ue, No. 
1039. Mint Ddrii-l-Khildfat Shdh Jahdndhdd, 1167, 6, 
1161 ahad, Surat 1161, ahad ; /Sa7iaraH_p?(r 1131, ahad ; 
MuUdnU64^,4 5 



26 



VIII. Keport on 40 old silver coins forwarded Iby the Assistant 
Secretary to the Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces, with his 
No. 137, of 6th January 1894, and No. 869, of 7th February 1894. 

These coins are stated to have been found in the city of Nagpur. 
The time and locality is not further specified. 

They are Nagpur Rupees, struck in the name of the Mughal 
emperor, Ahmad Shah Bahadur, who reigned from 1161-1167 A. H. 
= 1748-1754 A. D. They are mostly in a very indifferent condition ; 
neither mint not date is visible on any of them, and the emperor's 
name occurs in the merest fragment. Most of them have punch-marks 
(perhaps shroff-marks) impressed on their edges, as a rule only from 
one to three ; but there are four among them, which have their edges 
entirely covered with a series of such punch-marks, about one dozen ; 
and it is interesting to notice that some of these punch-marks much 
resemble certain marks on the well-known (so called) Old Hindu 
Punch-mark Coins. 

IX. REroRT ON 25 old silver coins forwarded by the Collector of 
Bhagalpur, with his No. 721 G., dated i^^^^ 1893. 

The coins are stated to have been found in a pot which was dug 
out of the ground in a house in Barchpura, near Bhagalpur, on the 11th 
February 1893. 

They belong to different classes, viz., one is an imperial Delhi 
coin of Ghiyasu-d-din Balban, who reigned from 664-686 A. H. = 
1265-1287 A. D. The other twenty-four are Bengal coins, of Ilyas 
Shah, one of the independent kings of Bengal, who reigned from 740- 
759 A. H. = 1339-1358 A. D. 

The following is a detailed statement : — 
I. Imperial Delhi Coins. — 

Ghiyasu-d-din Balban, like Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 

103, date and mint cut off, inferior specimen 1 1 



1894.] 



List of Committees. 



65 



n. Bengal Coins. — 
Ilyas Crnin. — 

a, Type as in Brit, Mus. Cat., No. 17. Mint 

Firuzabad, 750, in others mutilated 10 

b, Type is in Brit. Mus. Cat., No. 20. Mint 

F/riizahdd, 954,, 9b0 U 

c, Typo, as in Brit, Mus. Cat., No. 25. Mint 

Hasrat Jaldl, Sondrgdo, 754 2, Shdhr-i-nan, 

754 3 24 



The Secretary read the names of the followinfr gentlemen who had 
been appointed to serve on the various Committees for the present year: — 

Finance and Visiting Committee, 



H. K. W. Arnold, Esq. 
Babu Pratapa Chandra Ghosha. 
Dr. A. F. R. Hocrnle. 
M. H. Oung, Esq. 



A, Pedler, Esq. 

Dr. J. Scully. 

Col. J. Waterhouse. 



H. K. W. Arnold, Esq. 
Babu Gaui'das Bysaek. 
Dr. D. D. Cunningham. 
G. W. Forrest, Esq. 
Babu Pratapa Chandra Ghosha, 
Dr. A. F. R. Hocrnle. 
The Rev. H. B. Hyde. 
Col. H. S. Jarrett, 
Prince Jehan Qudr 
Wahid Ali Bahadur 



Library Committee. 

J. Mann, Esq. 

Dr. Asutosh Mukerjee. 

L. de Niceville, Esq. 

Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesachandra 

Nyayaratna. 
A. Pedler, Esq. 
Dr. Mahendralc41 Sarkar, 
Dr. J. Scully. 
Mahammad Col. J, Waterhouse. 



Babu Gaurdas Bysaek. 

Dr. A. Fiihrer. 

Babu Pratapa Chandra Ghosha. 

Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle. 

Col. H. S. Jarrett. 

Moulvi Khudabaksh Khan Baha 

dur. 
J. Mann, Esq. 
Dr. Asutosh Mukerjee. 
Babu Bhudev Mukerjee. 
Babu Nilmoni Mukerjee. 



Philological Co.mmittee. 

Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesachandra 
Nyayaratna. 

F. E. Pargiter, Esq. 

Captain D, C. Phillott. 

Rai Rajkumar Sarbadliikaii Baha- 
dur. 

Dr. IMahendralal Sarkar, 

Sir Sayid Ahmad. 

Major R. C. Temple, 

Dr. G. Thibaut. 

A, Venis, Esq. 



66 List of Committees. [Mar. 

Coins Committee. 

Dr. A. Fiihrcr. Dr. J. Scully. 

Dr. A. F. R. Hoeinle. V. A. Smith, Esq. 

C. J. Rodgers, Esq. E. Thurston, Esq. 

History and AROHiEOLOGiCAL Committee. 

Hou. Mr. Justice Amir Ali. The Rev. H. B. Hyde. 

H. K. W. Arnold, Esq. Pandit Mohanlal Vishnnlal Pandia. 

Babu Ganrdas Bysack. Mahamahopadhyaya Kaviraj Shya- 
W. H. P. Driver, Esq. mal Das. 

Dr. A. Filhrer. Major R. C. Temple. 
Babn Prata2:)a Chandra Ghosha. 

Natural History Committee. 

E C. Cotes, Esq. Dr. Fritz Ncetling. 

Dr. D. D. Cunningham. R. D. Oldham, Esq. 

J. F. Duthie, Esq. S. E. Peal, Esq. 

Dr. G. M. Giles. Dr. D. Prain. 

C. S. Middlemis.% Esq. Dr. J. Scully. 

L. de Niceville, Esq. E. Thurston, Esq. 

Physical Science Committee, 

Dr. J. R. Adie. Dr. Asutosh Mukerjee. 

Babu P. N. Bose. Dr. Fritz Noetling. 

Babu Gaurdas Bysack. R. D. Oldhnm, Esq. 

Dr. D. D. Cuuningliam. A. Pedler, Esq. 

J. Eliot, Esq. Dr. D. Prain. 

S. R. Elson, Esq. Dr. Mahendralal Sarkar. 

Dr. G. M. Giles. Dr. J. Scully. 

Dr. G. King. Dr. W. J. Simpson. 

The Rev. Father E. Lafonl. Col. H. Thuillier. 

J. J. D. La Touche, Esq. Colonel J. Waterliouse. 
C. S. Mlddiemiss, Esq. 

Anthropological Committee. 
W. Crooke, Esq. Rai Rajkumar Sarbadhikari Baha- 

M. L. Dames, Esq. dur. 

Babu Sarat Chandra Das. S. E. Peal, Esq. 

E. A. Gait, Esq. E. Thurston, Esq. 

Mr. L. de Niceville exblbited a rave uymphalid butterfly, Edtiialia 
IvA, Moore, recently re-discovered in Mauipur, and read a note on the 
species. 

The note will be published in the Journal, Part II. 



1894.] Lieutenant J. A. Douglas — Nole on Clvilds traditions. G7 

The following papers wer'e read : — 

1. Notes on Childs traditions. — By Lieutenant J, A. Douglas. 
Communicated hy the Philological Secketary. 

The only connected traditions now cnrrent in tlie Cliilas neighbour- 
hood, date back no further than the invasion of the country by the Shins. 
Before this everything is asci^ibed to " Devs " deities, of whom little 
more than the names survive. Narun was the original founder of 
Chilas, and Taiban is said to have founded Gor. The Shins of Chilas 
trace tlieir origin back to Eana Das, a son of the Rajah of Pakli, Avho 
invaded Chilas some 500 years ago.* At that time the whole of 
Shinkarl was governed by a king spoken of as Chachai Ra. After some 
fighting, Chachai Ra was defeated; he himself, all his family, and many 
of his followers were killed, and Rana Das ruled the country — Rana D;is 
was a Hindu. On bis death the people refused to elect a new king, and 
from that time Chilas has been a republic. 

Rana Das left two sons, Bhoto and Machuk, and from them sprang 
two tribes, the Bhote and Machukai. 

The last event of which there is any record is the quarrel between 
the Bhote and Machukai, which has already been referred to by both 
Col. Biddulph and Dr. Leitner. The Machukai were expelled from the 
country and migrated to Hunza, Astor, and other places in the neigh- 
boui'hood. This is said to have taken place 200 to 2.50 years a2:o. 

A little later (7 generations, perhaps 200 years ago), the first intro- 
duction of Muhammadanism into the country took place. This was 
effected by Shiih Zaman, a Saiad from Kagan, and an ancestor of the 
present Kagani Saiads. He entei'ed Chilas with an army, and, presum- 
ably by force of arms, converted the inhabitants. They say that after 
this they gave up burning their dead, though it is probable that 
the custom lingered for some years later. Shah Zaman with his own 
hand laid the foundation stone of a new fort into which the people 
moved. And which they continued to inhabit until it was taken and 
destroyed by the Kashmir army in 1851. As an instance of their jDros- 
perity at this period, they relate that Chilas contained 500 weavers. 
For many years after this the Chilasis paid tribute to Kagcin, and the 
people of Bunar do so still. 

The next invasion of the country, was by Shaikh Amanu'd-din 
Hakim of Kashmir, under Ranjit Singh. He was driven out after 18 
days fighting. Shortly afterwards, in 1851, the army sent from Kash- 

* My iuformant, nii old man of about 70. gave me bis pedigree back to Rana 
Das. This included 17 names, but he himself said it was 20 generations ago, which, 
at 25 years to a generation, would be 500 years. 



68 Lieutenant J. A. Douglas — Note on Cliilds traditions. [Mar. 

mir hj Maharajah Gulab Singh entered Chilas by the KamukcTori Pass, 
at the head of the Niat Valley, while a small force, probably auxiliaries, 
crossed over from Astor by the Mazeno and Tosho Passes. Chilas was 
taken after a siege of some months, and many of the people were 
killed. 

The Chilasis say that, at the time of the Kashmir invasion, they 
could muster 1,200 fighting men from the fort of Chilas alone ; now 
it is doubtful whether they could raise 120 among the remains of the 
Bhote, or people of Chilas proper. They can give no satisfactory ex- 
planation of what has caused this rapid diminution of their numbers, 
attributing it entirely to sickness. There are said to have been two bad 
epidemics of cholera, within the last 30 years, besides periodical out- 
breaks of small-pox. A good many families have also emigrated of 
late years to more fertile districts. Numerous ruins of forts ; land, 
which must have cost years of labour to terrace, now deserted and 
uncultivated ; broken watercourses ; their own traditions, and the 
i^eputation of daring raiders, — which they have obtained among their 
neighbours, — all testify to the fact that the country must formerly have 
been much more thickly populated than at present. It is only of recent 
years, too, that the neighbouring valleys of Tliak, Bunar, &c., have 
ceased to pay annual tribute to Chilas. 

The people of the Thak Valley call themselves Khauai. They 
trace their descent to Khanu, who is said to have come from Chilas. 
Khanu had a son called Timru, who migrated to the adjacent valley of 
Niat, where the ruins of his fort, called Timrukot, may be seen close to 
the village of Theh. In the same way, the people of Bunar are called 
Bagote. They say that their ancestor Bagotu came from Khanbari 24 
generations ago. The people of Hodar are Hodure, and of Tliur, 
Haniike. In the Khinargah Valley, which belongs to Chilas, are two 
ruins of forts, called Khinukot and Sheringah. These are said to have 
been sti'ongholds of two kings, called Khinu Shah and Sheo Shah, of 
whom nothing else appears to be known. (In the Shina language, 
Khina means black, and Sheo white). 

The so-called " Horse of Taiban " in Gor, situated on the steep, 
scarped, rocky side of Chahmuri Peak, which overlooks the Gor Valley. 
Though the people say it is cut in the rock, as seen from below it 
appeared only to be a rough outline, the dark lines being formed by 
water which had found its way through crevices in the rock, and it is 
only by the exercise of strong imogination that any resemblance to a 
horse and man can be made out. Its position is almost, if not quite, 
inaccessible, but the story is that Taiban rode up there, and that he 
and his horse were turned into stone. Lower down in the Gor Valley 



1891] Library. 69 

is a spot known as Taiban's Garden. It consists only of some trees 
(ilex) and rocks. A small uucultivated patch in the midst of cultiva- 
tion. Formerly the people believed that anyone cutting these trees 
would die at once, but tlie spirit of scepticism has spread even to Gor, 
and they believe it no longer. The Gor people say that they became 
Muhammadans only three generations ago. 

2. On new or little-known Butterjlies from the ludo- Malay an region. 
— By Lionel de Nice'ville, Esq., F.E.S., C.M.Z.S., &c. 
The paper will be published in the Journal, Part II. 



h 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
meeting held in Februaiy last : — 

Transactions, Proceedings, and Journals, 

presented by the respective Societies and Editors. 

Berlin. Der Koniglich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu 

Berlin, — Abhandlungen, 1892. 

. . Sizungsberichte, XXVI-XXXVIIL 

Bombay. The Indian Antiquary,— Vol. XXIII, Part 282. 

Budapest. Societe Hongroise de Geographic, — Bulletin, Tome XXI, 

No. 7. 
Calcutta. Indian Engineering, — Vol. XY, Nos. 6-9 ; and Index to 

Vol. XIV. 

. Indian Medical Gazette,— Index, Vol, XXVIII. 

. Maha-Bodhi Society, — Journal, Vol. II, JSTo. 9. 

. Photographic Society of India, — Journal, Vol. VII, JSTo. 2. 

Chicago. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, — Vol. XVI, 

No. 1. 
Copenhagen. K. Nordiske Oldskrifc-Selskab, — Aarboger, II Roekke, 

VIII Bind, 4 Heft. 
Dresden. Gesellschaft Iris zu Dresden, — Deutsche Entomologische 

Zeitschrift, Band VI, Nr. 2. 
Florence. La Societa Italiana di Anti-opologia, Etnologia e Psicologia 

Comparata, — Archive per L' AntrojDologia e la Etnologia, Tome 

XXIII, No. 2. 



70 Library. [Mar. 

The Hague. Koninklijk Institiiut voor de Taal,-LaBd-en Volken- 
kunde van Nedei'landsch-Iudie, — Bijdragen tot de Taal-Land-en 
Volkenkunde vaa Nederlaudsch-Indie, 6e Volgr, Deel X, Aflever- 
ing 1. 

Havre. Societe de Geographic Commerciale du Havre, — Bulletin, 
Novembre-Dceembre, 1893. 

London. The Academy, — Nos. 1134-37. 

. Anthropological lustitute of Great Britain and Ireland, — 

Journal, Vol. XXIII, ITos. 2 and 3. 

. The Athena3um, — Nos. 34.57-60 ; and Index, July to Decem- 
ber, ]893. 

. Geological Society, — Quarteidy Journal, Vol. L, Part 1. 

. Institution of Mechanical Eugineers, — Proceedings, ISTo. 3, 

1893. 

. I^ature,— Vol. XLIX, Nos. 1265-68. 

. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, — Journal, 

Vol. XXVI, No. 1. 

. Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol. LIV, 

No. 3. 

. Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. Ill, 

No. 2. 

Royal Microscopical Society, — Journal, Pai^t 6, 1893. 



Manchester. The Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, — 

VoL Vni, No. 1. 
Munich. Der K. B. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Milnchen, Mathe- 

matisch-Physikalischen Classe, Abhandlungen, Band XVII f, 

Abth. 1. 
. . . Sitzuugsberichte, Heft. 3, 1892; 1 und 2, 

1893. 

Philosophisch-philologischen und historischen classe, 



Sitzungsbcricht, Heft. 3 und 4, 1892 ; 1 imd 2, 1893. 

Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, No. 2. 

Paris. Journal Asiatique, — Tome II (IX^ Serie), No. 2. 

. Society de Geographic, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, 

Nos. 1 ct 2, 1894. 

Rome. La Societa degli Spettrosco^iiste Italiani, — Memorie, Tome 
XXII, No. 12. 

St. Petersburgh. Russian Imperial Geographical Society, — Proceed- 
ings, Tome XXIX, No. 5. 

Stockholm. Entomologisk Tidskrift,— Band XIV, Heft 1-4. 

. Kongl. Svenska Veteuskaps — Akademieus, — Bihang, Afdeln- 

ing I, Band XVIII ; II, XVIII ; III, XVIII ; IV, XVIII. 

Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VII, No. 3. 



1894.] Library. 71 

Trieste. La Societa Adriatica di Scienze JSTaturali in Trieste, — Bollet- 

tino, Tome XV. 
Turin. La Reale Accademia della Scienze di Torino, — Memorie, Tome 

XLIIL 
Vienna. Der K. Academie der Wissen.schaften, — Sitzungsberichte, 

Math-naturw Classe, Abtheilung I, Band CI, Heft 7-10 ; II A, 

CI, 6-10; II B, CI, 6-10; III, CI, 6-10. 

. . . . Register, Band XC VII- C, 

. . . Phil-liist classe, Band C XXVII und 

CXXVIII. 
. Der Antliropologisclien GesellscLaft in Wien, — Mittlieilungen, 



Band XXIII, Heft. 6. 
. Der K. K. Zoologiscli-botanischen Gesellscbeft in Wien, — 

Verhandlungen, Band XLIII, Nrn 3 und 4. 
Wellington. Polynesian Society, — Journal, Vol. II, No. 4. 

JBOOKS AND JPaMPHLETS, 

presented hy the Authors, Translators, ^r. 

Braxdstbttek, Dr. Renward. Die Beziebungen des Malagasy zum 

Malaiiscben. 4to. Luzern, 1893. 
MiTTER, Raj Jogeshur. Speeches by the Hon'ble Surendra Natb Baner- 

jea (1891-94). Vol. IV. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Ray. Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabbai-ata, translated into English 
Prose, Part 87. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 

M.ISCELLANEOUS PRESENTATIONS, 

DORN, B. Inventaire des Mounaies des Khalifes Orientaux et de plusienrs 
autres dynasties, Fasc. I and II. (Collections Scientifiques de L' 
Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, II ed. IV). 8vo. 
St. Petersburg, 1877-81. 

GuNZBURG, D., Rosen, V., Dorji, B., Patkanof, K., Tchoubinof, J. Les 
Manuscrits Arabes, Fasc. 1 and II. (Collections Scientifiques de L' 
Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, vi). 8vo. St. 
Petersburg, 1891. 

Markoff, Alexis dk. Catalogue des Monnaies Arsacides, Subarsacides 
Sassauides, Dabweihides, ainsi que des pieces frappees par les, 
Ispebbeds Arabes du Tabaristan et les Gouverneurs de la Perse et 
da Maverannahr au nom des khalifes. (Collections Scientifiques 
de L' Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, v). 8vo. 
St. Petersburg, 1889. 

. Registre General des Monnais Orientales (Collections Scienti- 
fiques de L' Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, yii). 
Svo. St. Petersburg, 1891. 



72 Library. [Mar. 

Rosen, V. Les Manuscrits Arabes (Collections Scientifiques de L' 
Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, i). 8vo. St. 
Petersburg, 1877. 

. Les Manuscrits Persans (Collectious Scientifiques de L' 

Institut des Langues Orientales, St. Petersbourg, iii). 8vo. St. 
Petersburg. 

L.'Acade'mie Impk'riale des Sciences, St. Petersbourg. 
]\lARCn, Francis A. Tiie Spelling lleform. 8vo. Wasbington. 

Bureau of Education, Washington. 
Report of the Cornell Univei'sity Library for the year 1892-93. 8vo. 
Ithaca, 1893. 

Cornell University, Ithaca. 
Returns of the Rail and River-Borne Trade of Bengal daring the 
quarter ending the 30th September 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894, 

Government of Bengal. 
Manual of Standing Information for the Madras Presidency, 1893. Fcp. 

Madras, 1893. 
Report on tlie Administration of the Madras Presidency duiing the 
year 1892-93. Fcp. Madras, 1893. 

Government of ]\rADKAs. 
Hcport on the Administration of the Punjab and its DepenJencies for 
1892-93. Fcp. Lahore, 1894. 

Government of the Punjam. 
Monthly Weather Review for October, 1893. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lnckuow, 
Lahore, Nagpur, Bombay and Madras for October 1893. 4to. Cal- 
cutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter, Government of India. 
Alpliabetical List of Photographs in the Nortli- Western Provinces and 
Oiidh, Provincial Museum, Luck now, corrected to 31st December 
1892. 8vo. Allahabad, 1893. 

Provincial Museum, Luckxow. 
Goeje, M. J. DE. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum, Part 8. Kitab 
at-Taubih. Wa'1-Ischraf Auctore al-Masudi. 8vo. Batavia, 1894. 

Universite' DE Leide. 

Periodicals Purchased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vol. Ill, No. lU. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteraturzeitung, — Jahrg XIV, Nrn. 46-51. 

. Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie,— Heft 5, 1893. 

Cassel. Botanisches Centralblatt,— Band LVI, Nos. 7-12. 



1894.] Library. 73 

Geneva. Arcliivcs des Sciences Physiques et Natarelles,— Tome XXXI, 

No. 1. 
Gottingen. Der Koiiigl. Gesellsehaffc der Wisseuschaften, — Goltiiip-ische 

gelehrtc Auzeigen, Nrn. 22-24, 893. 

. . Nacliricliten, Nrn. 15-18, 1893. 

Leipzig. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, — Band LI, Heft I uud 2. 

. . Beiblatter, Band XVII, Stiick 12 ; XVIIT, 1. 

Lejden. Internationales Arcliiv fiir Ethnographie, — Band VI, Heft 6. 
London. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History,— ((> Series), 

Vols. XII, No. 72 ; XIII, 73. 

-. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXIX, Nos. 1783-S5, 1789. 

-. The Entomologist,— Vol. XXVI, No. 367. 

, The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. V (2nd series). 

Nos. 48 and 49. 
. The Journal of Botany,— Vols. XXXI, Nos. 372 ; XXXII, 



. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine 

and Journal of Science, — otli Series, Vols. XXXVI, Nos. 223 ; 
XXXVII, 224. 

— . Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 1.5. 

The Quarterly Journal of pure and applied Mathematics, — 



Vol. XXVI, No. 104. 
New Haven. The American Journal of Sciences, — Vol. XL VI (3rd. 

Series), No. 27(3. 
Paris. L' Academic des Sciences, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Tome 

CXVII. Nos. 19-2.5; et Tables, Vol. CXVl. 
. Annales de Chemie et de Physique, — Tome XXX (6""" 

Serie), Decembre 1893. 
. Revue Critique d' Histoire et de Litterature, — Tome XXXVI, 



Nos. 41, 46-50. 

Revue Scientifique, — Tome I (4*-' Serie), Nos. 4-7. 



Philadelphia. Manual of Concliology, — Vol. XV, No. 1 ; 2 Series, IX, I, 
Vienna. Vienna Oriental Journal, — Vol. VII, No. 4. 

jBooKS Purchased. 

Rav, Pkatapa Chandra. The Maliabharata, translated into Euo'Hsh 
Prose, Part 87. 8vo. Calcutta, 1893. 

RoDGERS, Charles J. CoiN-collecting in Northern India. 8vo. Alla- 
habad, 1894. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For Api^l, 1894, 



The Monthly General Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal was 
held on Wednessda}'^, the 4tli April, 1894<, at 9-15 p. M. 

Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle, Vice-President, in the chair. 

The following Members were present : — 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, Baba Gyauendra Kumar Rai Chowdhnri, G. A. 
Grierson, Esq., T. H. Holland, Esq., Babu Sarat Chnnder Laliaiy, W.A. 
Lee, Esq., Kumar Ramesh war Maliah, C. R. Marriott, Esq., C. R. Wilson, 
Esq., 

The minutes of the last meeting were i*ead and confirmed. 

Thirty-eight presentations were announced, details of which are 
given in the Library List appended. 

The following gentleman is a candidate for election at the next 
Meeting : — 

Shams-ul-ulama Maalavi Muhammad Shibli Nomani, Professor 
of Arabic in the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh, pro- 
posed by Sir Syed Ahmed, seconded by T. W. Arnold, Esq. 

The Secretary i-eported the death of the following Member : — 
Babu Yadulal Mullick. 

The Chairman announced that the Council had elected Mr, A. 
Pedler, to officiate as Treasurer in the place of Mi\ C. Little. 

Dr. Alcock shewed a number of relics ( small metal images, &c.) 
obtained by Babu P. C. Mukherji, in the Bhagalpur District, and 



76 "William Irvine — Inscription from Shamsdhdil. [April, 

stated to have been exliumed from a kunkcr quarry at Chandipur, near 
Patharghatta. 

Pathargliatta (vide Cunningham, Archoeol. Survey ileports, Vol. 
XV, 1882, p. 36) is situated near Kolgong, on the Granges, and is 
remarkable for some sculptured caves. Near Kolgong also are rock 
temples and ruins. 

The most pei'fect of the relics was an eight-petal lotus, each petal 
sculptured in high relief on the inside and opening and folding on a 
hinge, the whole enclosing a central many-armed female figure. 

This was considei-ed by experts to be late, and corrupt, Buddhistic. 

The following papers were read : — 

1. Note on an Inscription froyn Shamsdbad, Fdrrukhahdd District, 
N.-W.P. — By William Irvine, Esq., B. C. S., (retired.) 

The accompanying copy of an insci-iption has been lying by me 
for a o-ood many years. It was prepared by my order and sent to me 
on the 11th February 1878, by Munshi Ibrar Hasan Khan, then Tahsil- 
dar of Qa'imgaiij. It is taken from a stone on a mosque upon the 
Ji^ot (site of the old fort) at Sliamsabad Khor, a town near the Ganges, 
in pargannah Shamsabad West, Fiirrukhabad District. From the copy 
the stone appears to be 51 inches x 22 inches, the lettei's seem to be 
raised and the verses are arranged in two rows of three misrd^ each, 
havino- a row of scroll ornaments between them. If the words Khdna-i- 
Ilalii (702 H., August 1302 to August 1303 A. D.), are taken as 
yielding the date, the mosque is a comparatively ancient building. In 
any case, the Muhammad Khan named in the first line can have nothing 
to do with Muhammad Khan, Bangash, the founder of Farrukhabad 
(Born c. 16G0, died 1743 A. D.). 

I have referred to Dr. Fiihrer's volume, containing lists of inscrip- 
tions in the N.-W. Provinces, and I find no mention of the one of 
which I now send you a copy, for publication, if thought of any value. 

[The following transcription and translation has been furnished 
by Maulawi 'Abdu-1-haqq 'Abid : — 

- &]\jOj i^;-*^'* of O^lJs (Jyi J.:a. ^^1^ 3 

- ^i)\i,ys iJii^ u>«3) «J.sr-~^ J>|^ '•r^y 4 

- lyli. ^s:^'* ujfi ^\ &i\i. iyJi, 6 



189-i.] U. C. Batabytil — New Copper-plate Grant of Dharmapala. 77 

1 . Din parwar-i-Muhammad Kh^in-i-buland rutbat. 

2. Bardast gu-i-daulat ba saviljan-i-ihsan. 

3. Darad cu zauq-i-ta'at an muhsin-i-zamana. 

4. Tartib dad masjid az 'aun-i-lutf-i-yazdan. 

5. Tarlkh-i-an Rizai jast az kliir(ad) bigufta. 

6. Shud khaua-i-Ilahi truikli-i-masjid-i-khan. 

Literal Translation. 

1. The nourishev of the faith of Muhammad, the Khan of high rank. 

2. Has carried away the ball of fortune with the polo-stick of 
beneficence. 

3. As that benefactor of the age has a desire for devotion. 

4. He arranged for {i. e., built) a mosque by the help of the 
grace of God. 

5. The date thereof Rizfil sought of wisdom, she said. 

6. lOiana-i-Ilahl ( God's house) was the date of the mosque of 
the Khan. 

In line 2 wIa^,^ (burdast) is a contraction of o^^t ^d^i (burda ast) 
which is the present perfect-tense of ii)^ to carry. 

In line 5 j=^ should be •iy^ wisdom, the letter ^ is not written in the 
original. It must be an oversight. 

The date, according to the Ahjad calculation, comes to 702 H., as 
will appear from the following illustration : — 

f^ = 600 

i I = 1 

I ID = 60 

J = 30 
» = 5 



702] 

2. On a New Copper -pi ate Grant of Dharmapala. — By Umes Chandra 
Batabyal, Esq., C.S. 

Abstract. 
The HoxORART Phtlological Secretary, in drawing attention to the 
interest Avhich attached to this discovery, said that the members present 
would remember that our knowledge of the history of Benafal durii)g the 
9th and 10th centuries depended almost entirely on a few inscriptions. 
The first king of the Pala dynasty. Gopat-a I, was represented by one 



78 Library, [April, 

short inscription dated in the seventh of his reign. His successor 
Dharmapala, who came to the throne about 830 A. D., has hitherto 
also been represented by a single Epigraph at Bodh Graya, the contents 
of which give ns little information. The present copper-plate grant 
which has been found by Mr. Umes Chandra Batabyal close to the 
ancient city of Gaur, and in which Dharmapala makes a grant of certain 
land, was therefore of more than usual importance. The plate carries 
our knowledge of the Pala family two degrees above that of Gopala. 
Mr. Batabyal reads the name of the grantee as Bhattanarayana, which 
is the same as that of one of the five Brfihmans brought into Bengal 
by Adi ^iira. If it is the same Bhattanarayana, then the question of the 
date of Adi ^ura may be taken as approximately fixed, and we may be 
certain that Adi ^ura preceded, instead of following, the Pala dynasty. 

There has not been sufficient time yet to have the plate examined 
by experts, but a full account of it will be published in the Journal 
in due course. 

3. Novicife Indicse VII. Description of a new Meconopsis from 
8ikki7n,—B7j D. Prain, Esq., M.B. 

4. NovicifB Indicfe VIII. Sojue additional species of Convolvulacese, 
—Bi/ D. Prain, Esq., M.B. 

The pnpcrs will be published in the Journal, Part II. 



y 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Libi'ary since the 
meeting held in March last : — 

Transactions, Proceedings, and Journals, 

presented hy the respective Societies and Editors. 

Baltimore. Johns Hopkins University, — Circulars, Vol. XIII, No. 109. 
Bombay. Bombay Natural History Society, — Journal, Vol. VIII, No. 3. 

The Indian Antiquary,— Vol. XXIII, Part 283. 

Calcutta. G-eological Survey of India, — Records, Vol. XXVII, Part 1. 

■ Indian Engineering, — Vol. XV, Nos. 10-13. 

Copenhagen. Kongelige Nordiske Oldskrift Selskab, — Aarboger, II 

Roekke, IX Bind, 1 Hefte. 
Edinburgh. Koyal Society of Edinburgh, — Proceedings, Vol. XIX. 

Transactions, Vol. XXXVII, Parts 1 and 2. 



1894.] Lihmrii. 79 

Florence. La Societa Africaiaa d' Italia, — Bullettino, Tome 1 (2*^ series), 

Nos. 4-6. 
Hav^re. Societe de Geographie Comraerciale du Havi'e, — Bulletin, 

Janvier- Fevrier, 1894. 
Leipzig. Der Deutschen Morgenlaudischen Gesellscliaft,— Zeitsclirift, 

Band XLVII, Heft 4. 

Der K. Sachsischen Gesellscliaft der Wissenscliafton zu 

Leipzig, — Vevhandlungen, II, III, VII-IX. 

London. The Academy, — Nos. 1138-41. 

The Athenffium,— Nos. 3461-64. 

Institutions of Electrical Engineers, — Journal, Vol. XX 11, 

No. 108. 

Nature,— Vol. XLTX, Nos. 1269-72. 

Royal Geogi-aphical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. Ill, 



No. 3. 

Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, No. 3. 
Mexico. La Sociedad Cientifica " Antonio Alzate," — Memorias y 

Revista, Tome VII, Nos. 5 et 6. 
Paris, La Societe de Geographie, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, 

Nos. 3 et 4, 1894. 

La Societe Zoologique de France, — Bulletin, Tome XVIII, 

Nos. 1 et 6. 

Memoires, Tome VI, Nos. 1-4. 



Rome. La Societa degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, — Memoi^ie, Tome 

XXIII, Nos. 1 et 2. 
Schaffhausen. La Societe Eutomologique Suisse, — Bulletin, Tome 

IX, No. 2. 
St. Petersburgh. Comite Geologique, — Bulletins, Tome XII, Nos. 3-7 ; 

et Supplement au Tome XII. 
Der Russisch Kaiserlichen Mineralogischen Gesellscliaft zu 

St. Petersburgh, — Vevhandlungen, Band XXX. 
Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VII, No. 5. 
Turin. La R. Accademia della Scienze di Torino, — Atti, Tome XXIX, 

Nos. 1-4 ; Elenco degli Accademici Residenti, Nazionali non Resi- 

denti Stranieri e Corrispondenti al 1 Gennaio, 1894. 
Vienna. Der K. K. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, — Verhandlungen, Nrn 

15-18, 1893. 
"Washington. United States National Museum, — Bulletin, Nos. 44-46. 
Zurich. Der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zurich, — Neujahrsblatt, 

1894. 
Vierteljahrsschrift, Band XXXVIII, Heft 3 und 4. 



80 * Lihrartj. [April, 

■PooKs AND Pamphlets, 

presented by the Authors, Translators, ^"C. 

Morse, Edw. S. A Curious Aino Toy. 8vo. Salem, Mass. 

If Public Libraries, why uot Public Museums? 8vo. Salem, 

Mass., 1893. 

SwYNNERTON, Fred. Ou some Rude Stone Implements from Back Ray, 

Middle Colaba, Bombay. 8vo, Bombay, 1893. 
Venkataseshayarya, Vetsa. a Sanskrit-Telugu Dictionary. 8vo. 

Madras, 1893. 
Walsh, J. H. Toll. Hemp Drugs and Insanity. 8yo. 2894. 

List of Deep-Sea Holotliurians, collected during seasons 1887 

to 1890, with descriptions of new species. 8vo. Calcutta, 1891. 

■ Ou certain Spiders which mimic Ants. 8vo. Calcutta, 1891. 

On the Habits of certain '■ Harvesting " Ants. 4to. Calcutta, 



1891. 

M.ISCELLANEOUS PRESENTATIONS. 

Carriere, M. Erkennen Erleben Erschliessen. 4to. Munich, 1893. 
Goebel, K. Gedachtuisrede auf Karl von Niigeli. 4to. Munich, 1893, 

Der K. B. Akademie der Wissenschaftek zu Munchen. 
Famintzin, a. IJbersicht der Leistuiigen auf dem Gebiete der Botanik 

in Russland, 1890 und 1891. 8vo. St. Petersburg, 1892-93. 
Wiedmann, Dr. Ferdinand. Ehstnisch-Deutsches Worterbuch, Liefer- 
ung 1-3. 4to. St. Petersburg, 1891-93. 

Der K. Akademie der Wissenschaften, St. Petersburg. 
Monnmenta Conciliorum Geueralium. 4to. Vindobona?, 1892. 

Die Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien. 
Bergaigne, Abel. Inscriptions Sanscrites de Campa et du Cambodge, 
2® Fascicule, and Plates. 

Monsieur A. Barth. 
Report on the Administi'ation of the Central Provinces for the year 
1892-93. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
Beames, John. Grammar of the Bengali Language, 8vo. Oxford, 1894. 

Clarendon Press, Oxford. 
Bailey, F. M. Contributions to the Queensland Flora. 8vo. Brisbane, 
1893. 

Department of Agriculture, Brisbane. 
Report on the Administration of Bengal, 1892-93. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 



189-i.] Lihmry. 8] 

Report on tlie River-Borno Ti'affic of tlie Lower Provinces of Bengal, 
and on the Inland Trade of Calcutta, and on the Ti'ade of Chittagong' 
Port for the year 1892-93. Fcp. Calcutta, 1893. 
Resolution reviewing the reports on the working of Municipalities in 
Bengal during the year 1892-93. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894.. 

Government op Bengal. 
North Indian Notes and Queries for January 1894. 4to. Allahabad 
1894. 

Government of India, Home Department. 
Records of the Botanical Survey of India, Vol. I, Nos. 1 and 2. 8vo. 
Calcutta, 1893-94. 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Department. 
Annual Administration Report of the Forest Department, Madras 
Presidency, for the fifteen months ending 30th June, 1893. Fcp. 
Madras, 1893. 

Government of Madras. 
MiJLLER, F Max. The Sacred Books of the East, Vol. XLI. 8vo. Oxford 
1894. 

India Office, London. 
Report of the Annual Meeting of the Indian Association for the 
Cultivation of Science for 1892 and 1893. 8vo. Calcutta, 1892-93. 
Indian Association for the Cultivation op Science. 
The Light of the East for February 1894. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

The Editor, Light op the East. 
Monthly Weather Review for September 1893. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lucknow, 
Lahore, Nagpur, Bombay, and Madras for September, 1893. 4to. 
Calcutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reportor to the Government of India, 
Bulletin of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta, Vol. Ill, Nos. 1 and 2. 
Svo. Calcutta, 1894. 

Microscopical Society op Calcutta. 
Grieg, James A. Ophiuroidea (Den Norske Nordhavs-Espedition, 
1876-1878. XXIL Zoologi). Fcp. Christiania, 1893. 

Norwegian North-Atlantic Expedition, Christiania. 
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information of the Royal Gardens, Kew, 1893. 
Svo. London, 1893. 

Royal Gardens, Kew. 
Scientific Memoirs by ]\Iedical Officers of the Army of India, Part, 
VIII. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 

Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of India. 



82 Library. [Ai-uii,, 1894..] 

Periodicals Purchased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vol. Ill, No. 11. 
Braunschweig. Jahresbericht iiber die Fortschi'itte der Chemie und 

verwandter Theile anderer Wissenschaften, — Heft 4, 1889. 
Calcutta. Indian Medical Gazette,— Vol. XXIX, No. 3. 
Geneva. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, — Tome XXXI, 

No. 2. 
Leipzig. Annalen der Phjsik und Chemie, — Band LI, Heft 3 ; und 

Namenregister, Band 1-L. 

Beiblatter, Band XVIII, Stuck 2. 

London. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXIX, Nos. 1787-90. 

Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 16. 

Pai-is. Revue Scientifique, — ¥ Serie, Tome I, Nos. 8-11. 

Books Purchased. 

Forbes, James. Oriental Memoirs : a naiTative of seventeen years resi- 
dence in India, 2nd Edition. Vols. I and II, and Plates. 8vo. 
and 4to. London, 1834. 

Hamilton Francis. An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal, and of the 
territories annexed to this dominion by the House of Gorkha. 4to. 
Edinburg, 1819. 

MuLLERS, F. Max. The Sacred Books of the East, Vol. XLI. 8vo. 
Oxford, 1894. 

Valentia, George. Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, 
Abyssinia, and Egypt, in the years 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, and 
1806, Vols I-III. 4to. London, 1809. 

Verelst, Harry. A view of the rise, progress, and present state of 
the English Government in Bengal : including a reply to the 
misrepresentations of Mr. Bolts, and other wiiters. 4to. London, 
1772. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For M.AY & June, 1894. 



The Monthly General Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 
was held on Wednesday, the Gth June, 1894., at 9-15 p. m. 

Surgeon-Captain A. W. Aloock, M.J3., C.M.Z.S., in the chair. 

The following Members were present: — 

H. K. W. Arnold, Esq., Babu Gyauendra Kumar Rai Chan<lhuri, 
A. Hogg, Esq., C. li. Marriott, Esq., A. Pedler, Esq., C. R. Wilson, 
Esq. 

The minutes of the April Meeting ^vere read and confirmed. 

The Council reported that no meeting was held iu May, as a quo- 
rum of members was not present. 

Fifty- five presentations were announced, details of which are given 
in the Libraiy List appended. 

The following gentleman, duly proposed and seconded at the April 
Meeting of the Society, was ballotted for and elected an Ordinary 
member : — 

Shams-ul-Ulama Maulavi Muhammad Shibli Noraani. 

The following gentlemen are candidates for election at the next 
meeting : — 

Surgeon-Captain D. M. Moir, I.M.S., proposed by Surgeon- 
Captain J. H. TuU Walsh, seconded by Surgeon-Captain A. W. Alcock. 

Kunwar Kushal Pal Sinha, M.A., proposed by Colonel H. S. 
Jarrett, seconded by Dr. A. F. R. Hoerule. 



84 W. Hooj—SdJujauiO Coiyper-TJatc. [May & June, 

Tlie following gentleman has expressed a wish to withdraw from 
the Society : — 

Major M. J. Meade, S.C. 

The Secretary reported the death of the following members : — 
Prince Iskander Aii Mii'za, Bahadur, 
Babu Bhudeva Mukerjea, C.I.K. 
Kumar Indrachandra Singh. 
J. P. Scotland, Esq., C. E. 

The Chairma^^ announced the following elections made by the 
Council : — 

Dr. A, F. R. Hoernle, as officiating Philological Secretary, vice 
Mr. Ct. a. Grierson. 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, as Natural History Secretary, vice Dr. J. H. Tall 
Walsh. 

Dr. Walsh, as Anthropological Secretary, vice Dr. Alcock. 

The Chairman also announced that Dr. Walsh had resigned the 
Anthropological Secretaryship of the Society. 

The Chairman read a letter, dated 10th May 1894, from the 
Private Secretary to the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, 
conveying Lord Elgin's acceptance of the office of Patron of the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal. 

The Chairman also read letters from Dr. Reinhold Rost, Monsieur 
Lonis Pasteur, Sir William Henry Flower, Dr. Edward Frankland, 
and Professor Theodor JSToeldeke, expressing thanks for being elected 
Honorary Members of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 

The Philological Secretary exhibited the Sohgaura Copper-plate, 
an ancient inscription in A^oka characters (see Plate I) presented to 
the Society by Dr. W. Hoey, I.G.S., and read the following notes on 
the same by Dr. Hoey and Mr. V. A. Smith, I.C.S. 

Note on the Sohgaura Copper-Flate — Btj Dr. W. Hoey, I.C.S. 

Shortly after the Rapti river passes Gorakhpur city it makes a 
series of rapid bends, and one of these occurs jast after it has been 
joined by the Ami river. It is about a mile-and-a-half across the 
neck of this bend, and the whole length is a series of mounds, more 
or less continuous, and these give their names to the homesteads or 
Tillages, beginning with Tikar on the North, then Kaithauli, Sohgaura, 



fROCEEDlNGS.As.SoC.,BENG*L,l894 



PLATE 1, 




etchin?. 



S 10. Calcutta. June 1894 



THE SDHGAURA COPPER-PL ATE . 

Pull- size 



vEHTHAl P- 



1891.] W. Hocy — 8oh(janra Copjjer-riate. 85 

Gurmlii, Malauli, and fiually Salivia, oi^ Salieriya, on the South. I 
have visited all these places, and I believe there was at one time a 
very large town or city here. The mound, viewing it as a continuous 
remain ratlicr than a series, is highest at Tikar and SohgauvJi. 
Buddhist coins are picked up in great numbers at these places, and some 
old terra-cotta heads are occasionally found. Tikar obvioufily means 
only what the place reveals, a mound of ' potsherds ; ' but down several 
feet inside I have found large bricks of the Buddhist age. 

1 have seen the spot where this copper-plate was found, and it 
is in Sohgaura, the middle of the long mound of remains. The man 
who fouud it is old now. He was digging for a foiindation for his 
house, and he nnearthed this plate, thirty or more years ago. He 
gave it to the zemindar who laid it np in his house. About fifteen 
months ago, I visited this ancient spot and heard of this plate. The 
zemindar had died, but his son promised to hunt for the plate, and 
after a couple of months he produced it and gave it to me. I have 
reason to think that another plate may have been found in tliis locality. 

Gurmhi is the name of the tappd in which these villages lie, but the 
plate was found at Sohgaura, and as the first name given to any find 
must be descriptively accurate, I beg that the plate may be described 
as ' the Sohgaura plate,' and on no account as the Gurmhi plate. We 
must not mislead. Gurmhi has the remains of a ^'aivic temple, and a 
lingam stands shewing that that place is not Buddhist. The end of 
the high ground at Salieriya contained remains a few years ago, but the 
river has cut away what was most interesting. Gold coins of the 
later Guptas have been found at Salieriya. It was a modern place com- 
pared to Sohgaura. 

Sohgaura is not without significance ; for the first com]-)onent Soh 
enters into the names of other very ancient places in this district, 
such as Sohntig. We may need to note this, because I have found 
curious things at Sohnag which I propose to submit. 

I have visited the locality of this find twice, and intend to repeat 
my visit. Should I discover anything more, I shall communicate it to 
the Society. This ' Sohgaura plate ' I present to the Society. 

Note oil the same — By VincEx\t A. Smith, I.C.S. 

Dr. William Hoey, I.C.S., Magistrate and Collector of the 
Gorakhpur District, has been fortunate enough to pi^ocure a small in- 
scribed copper-plate of great interest, which he has kindly placed 
in my hands with permission to publish a preliminary notice of it. 

The plate is rectangular, 2| inches long, and If inch broad, and 
about |th of an inch thick at the edges. A circular hole has been pierced 



86 W. Hoej- — Sdhyaurd Copper-Flate. [May & June, 

near each corner, and it is evident that it was intended to attach the 
plate by rivets to some other object. The upper portion of the plate, 
to the extent of about one-third of the surface, is occupied by symbols, 
such as are commonly called Buddhistic, and the remaining two-thirds 
of the surface are covered by an inscription in four lines. Both symbols 
and letters are cast in high relief, and are in a state of almost perfect 
preservation. The back of the plate is rough. 

The symbol to the left is a conventional representation of a tree, 
consisting of a stem and three leaves with stalks, standing inside a railing. 
The next object may be described as a pavilion with curved convex 
roof resting on four pillars, and surmounted by a duplicate similar 
curved roof, resting on three supports, and tojjped by three short poles. 

Next in order comes an object like a long-handled spoon, with a 
knob at the end of the handle, standing on the knob. The fourth 
symbol is the BO-called conventional " Buddhist caitya," formed of 
three curves, surmounted by a crescent, with a ball enclosed. The fifth 
symbol, placed above the line, consists of a disc or ball (the sun), with 
a crescent (the moon), placed obliquely above it. 

The sixth symbol is a curved tree-stem, without leaves, standing 
in a railing. The seventh and last symbol is a repetition of the second, 
namely, the two-storied pavilion. 

The tree of the first symbol may be intended for a sal (Shorea 
Tohusta) tree. The leafless tree cannot be identified, nor can I explain 
the spoon-like object. The shape of the roofs of the pavilions sug- 
gests that the figures are intended to represent buildings constructed of 
wood and bamboos. 

The number of characters (ahsara) in the inscription is as 
follows : — 

First line, 19 

Second „ 19 

Third „ 17 

Fourth „ 17 

Total 72 

The characters are ancient Nagari, of the Maurya period, and 
appear to me not to differ materially from those used in A96ka's Girnar 
inscription, as given by Dr. Burgess in Plate V of Vol. IV of the Archaeo- 
logical Survey Reports of Western India. 

Almost every letter is perfect, aud can be read at sight without 
doubt or hesitation. 

The only exceptions are as follow : — 

Line 1, character 11. This chai-acter is blurred, but seems to be a 
tf p. The dot on it seems to be aimavdra. 



3894.] W. Ploey — Sohfjanra Copper-Flate. 87 

Line 3, character 9. This letter is slightly damaged, and may he 
either ^ c, or ■=?: r. 

The last letter in line 1, is plainly ^ k, though of small size, owing, 
apparently, to want of space. Most of the letters are ahout \ inch in 
height. 

The language seems to be Pali, but I am unable to translate the 
document. The initial e in line 2, and the initial a in line 4, certainly 
make the beginnings of woi^ds. 

The plate was found several years ago during the excavation of the 
foundations of a house at Sohgaura near Gnrmhl, the seat of a consider- 
able ancient town in the Gorakhpur district. Gurmhl is about eighteen 
miles distant from Gorakhpur, a little east of south. 

The genuineness of the plate is beyond question. 

1^0 copper-jilate inscription of neai^ly equal antiquity has ever been 
found, so far as I am aware, and the discovery now announced is, there- 
fore, of considerable interest and importance. 

The transliteration of the Soiigatira copper-plate as read by nic is 
as follows : — 

Note on the. same — By Dr. A. F. Rudolf Hoeunle. 

There are some more letters in this inscription which apj^ear to 
me doubtful. 

Line 1, letter 7, may be ^ gli ; and letter 13 appears to me rather 
to be ^ sa. The dut above it is attached to the letter, and may be 
merely one of the unevennesses of the cast. There are numerous 
(apparently) meaningless dots on the surfaces of the plate, being the 
result of the plate having been cast in a sand-mould of imperfect smooth- 
ness ; such dots, e.g., are seen to the left of lettei's 3, 4, 5, in line 1. The 
word hei'e intended may be sasane (Skr. (asane). The length of 
vowels does not seem to be always indicated. 

Line 2, letters 1 and 2 are not quite clear. Letter 2 may be fcf ti, 
though there are traces of a left-hand tail, scarcely visible in the 
facsimile plate, which suggest the reading 1% si. Letter 6 is probably 
only V dha. Letter JO is probably only ^ va; the dot is attached to 
the letter, and is probably not an anusvara ; but one of the above-noted 
imperfections of the cast. Letter 13 is not f^ <li, but ^ (hi. Tlie words 
here are ete dure koth-arjalani (Skr. Jioth-dnjalaui or perhaps Jcoth- 



88 J. Cockbnrn — A Biorite plurj. [May & June, 

dyardni), i.e., * these two bolts of storehouses ' (or 'these two store-houses.') 
They would seem to r-eter to the two houses, depicted above the 
wiiting. 

Line 3, letter 11, may be ^ dam; there is a distinct dot on the 
right of the top ; though this again may be merely one of the imper- 
fections of the cast. Letter 14 is uncertain ; it looks like ^ I with its 
left (smaller) limb crossed by a straight line. It can hardly be % /e, 
as read by Mr. Smith ; the sti'oke for the vowel e would be attached to 
the left side of the right ( longer) limb of the consonant I. It is just 
possible, that there are really two letters ; viz.,^ ne, made very minutely, 
aud T ra. There are several letters, in this inscriptions, made smaller 
than the rest. The last letter ^ k in the first line, is another instance 
of such a minute letter. These minute letters may have been origi- 
nally omitted, and were afterwards inserted in the available space. 
Other rather smaller letters are No. 2, W yh, in line 3, and below it 
No. 2, ^ k, in line 4. The smallness of these appears to be due to the 
hole between them. 

Line 4, letter 1, is in all probability ^ s (not ^ p). The left 
(longer) limb and its tail are clearly traceable in the original, and can 
be just distingiiislied in the facsimile plate. Letter 6 may be ^ am. 
In the original there is a distinct dot to the right of ^ a, just discern- 
ible in the facsimile. This would give the word amtiya {antiya). Letter 
14 has a curious form ; the body of it is clearly '^ h, and the mark 
attached to the top of it, is the usual mark of the vowel i, but in a re- 
versed position ; moreover, there is a dot within the angle of this mark. 

The meeting resolved that a vote of thanks be given to Dr. Hoey 
for the copper-plate. 

The Natural History Secretary exhibited a Diorite plug, for- 
warded by Mr. J. Cockburn, Opium Department, aud read the follow- 
ing note that accompanied the specimen : — 

" Some years ago, probably in 1880, I presented a specimen of a 
polished celt of Deorite to the Indian Museum. The specimen was 
from the Banda District, and is remarkable for having a perforation 
through it which would at first sight lead to the inference that it 
had been hefted in the modern way, that is, with the handle thx'ough 
an eye in the head of the hatchet, instead of the head being put 
through an eye in the handle, which was the usual pre-historic method. 

As there has been no known instance of a perforated celt having 
been found in India, the specimen in question ought to be extremely 
valuable, were it genuine. This unfortunately it is not, and the 



JSO-i.] J. Cockbiu-n — A I'Ho rite plug. 89 

enclosed core lias been diilled out of it and ou^ht to fit the pcrft)ra- 
tion. 

To begin with, the celt itself is a genuine anti(|ue — but the per- 
foration is a i'urgery. This specimen was brought for sale to a gentk;- 
man in the Archa3ological Survey at Banda by an agate lapidary namud, 
Kiratally, who died lately, so there is no harm in mentioning his name. 

The perforation in the celt was smeared with red-lead, and on 
examining the specimen carefully, I at once pronounced it a forgery. 
To begin with, the perforation was at right-angles to the edge, and the 
implement did not look like an adze. 

2ud}y. I considered the jierforation too small to admit a^ moderate- 
ly sti"ong and practicable handle — though there are specimens of 
European perforated axes in which it is not much larger. 

'Si'dly. On removing a poition of the pigment whicli had been 
freshly applied, I at once said that the boring had been recently done. 
However 1 purchased the specimen as a forgery, for 8 or 10 rupees, 
and presented it to the Museum — as such. 

On my return to Banda, in 1883 or 1884, Kiratally presented me 
with the accompanying core, which lie said he had himself bored out 
of the celt lie sold me. The semi-polished facet at one corner of the 
angular end shows the original weathered surface of the celt. 

Tlie flat end shows where it was broken off, when it stood up as a 
pillar after the boring had been nearlj' completed. 

The fragments were probably knocked out from the opposite end 
with a chisel, hence the pillar in its length will not correspond with 
the celt in thickness, though it ought to nearly do so in diameter, the 
difference being due to the loss of material which has been bored 
away. 

I have not been able to fit the plug to the specimen in the Museum, 
but there can be no doubt as to the authenticity of the fragment. 
Application might be made to the authorities of the Indian Museum 
to exhibit the celt at the meeting of the Society at which the paper is 
read. I propose to present the plug to the Indian Museum after the 
Society has done with it. 

The method of boring adopted is very ancient and very effective. 
A tube of copper, bi'ass, or tinned sheet-iron is used as a drill, the cutting- 
edge being charged with finely powdered emery powder. The emery 
is from the mines of Pipra, in Rewah, which would appear to have been 
worked for the past 2,000 year's. 

Mr. Flinders Petrie, in his paper on " The Mechanical Methods of 
tlie Ancient Egyptians," has proved by partially bored specimens, that 
the Egyptians perforated hard rocks in this way. 



90 C. J. Rodgers — Jahdngirs Moliurs and Bupees. [May & June, 

I may meut-iou that I met at the shop of Kiratally, one of the most 
enterpi"izing native Coin CoUectoi's in India, a man from Kanouj, who, 
when he obtained a rare coin, always carefully copied it, and sold his 
cojDies to the public. I have seen numbers of his forgeries Kiratally was 
a perfect Flint Jack, and could turn out flint flakes, cores, and arrow- 
heads which could hardly be distinguished from genuine. He was a 
first-rate workman, and liad there been a larger field in India for the 
sale of stone implements might have emulated that misguided indi- 
vidual." 

The following papers were read : — 

1. Coins Stipplementary to Thouias' Chronicles of the Patlian Kings 
of Delhi, No. 5. — By C. J. Rodgers, Esq., Honorary Numismatist to the 
Government of India. 

The jjaper will be published in the Journal, Part I. 

2. Jahanglr's Mohurs and Rupees, — By C. J. Rodgers, Esq., Hono- 
rary Numismatist to the Government of India. 

I. I have just come across a passage in the " Tozuk-i-Jahangiri " 
which I marked years ago, but which had quite escaped my memory Avhen 
I wrote my "Catalogue of the Coins of the Mogul and Suri Empei'ors 
of India," for the Pan jab Government. It is in the chapter headed 
c)y}*ib j^p..a. ji ^il<i> Jjj^^ j^i*:a. and runs thus, at page 96 of the 'Aligarh 
Edition of 18(34, edited by the Hon'ble Sir Say id Ahmad, K.C.I E. 
j^'° i^'jjfj- LS^j ^-^ '^^■*^^^ c>i^J »:>j^il »;^J ^J^ J 'tbi?- u^^'^ f^^* 

fjlL C:-.J;itli) ldj.'(.vji(.5 yii ti <>J;^«j v_J^T*^ f^' C»:'' )^ ^^^ ^'^'" &S^'^\ ^>::>J\ ) 

^Ji^J}■^'t ) '-^•J:*^-',' 2?*t ^i^^J^ i:Jj'^ i>."!ib (3^'-«» (^ij^J *i.^jj j^f* *^ vi-^j^jfj^i 
>) M« O'i.^J /ciijl /♦A^j'j *^ (J'"^ ■^-J J' *^ (*^J^ i*^^ >-:;^.wt j|^J=x« (jj.hL 

This passage is exceedingly valuable. At page 5 he gives an ac- 
count of the coins he ordered to be struck. Tlie silver coins he men- 
tions are of 100 tolas, 50 tolas, 20 tolas, 10 tolas, 5 tolas, 1 tola, ^ tola, 
J tola, (nisar) -Yo^h. of a tola. He does not mention any coin of more 
than a tola, except multiples. I*^ow, in all Coin Catalogues there are 
rupees of Jahaugir weighing from 210 to 221 grains ; whereas his usual 
rupees weigh only about 176 grains. The Mohurs of his early years, 
too, run up to 210 grains, as against the usaal weight of 168 grains. 
The change made by the Emperor dates from the Uth of Ardibihisht, 



1894.] C. J. Roclgers — JaUdncjirs Molinrs and Rupees. 91 

of the 6th ycai- of his rcig-n. In my catahtgue, a moliui' of Farwardlii 
of year G, weighs 218 grains, but it has a loop attaohed aud would pro- 
bably weigh but 2J0 grains without it. Anotlicr niohur of Dl, tlic same 
year, weighs 1G8 grains, Di being the tenth month and Farwardin the 
first; while Ardlbihisht is the second month of the year. Of rupees of 
the 6tli year in my list is one struck iu Aixllbihisht weighing 217 grains ; 
one of Lfihor, of Tir 217, aud one of Labor, of Araardad, of 17.5 grains. 
Tir is the fourth month, and Amardad is the fifth, so that we see that 
the orders of the Emperor reached Labor after the striking of these 
two rupees. They did not reach Knshmir and Qandahilr, however, so 
easily, for in my catalogue are 3 rupees of Kashmir of the 7th year, 
weighing 2u9'5, 210 and 211 grains, and one of Qaudahfir weighing 
209-5. 

There is a difficulty, however, in the passage. It says that the in- 
crease in the mohur and rupee was only three ratis. Now, three ratis 
is an ordinary variation in rupees from wear and tear, as can be seen by 
a casual glance at any Coin Catalogue, and such a small increment would 
not inconvenience anybody. The word for 3 in Persian is &^. I pro- 
pose to change it to ^«» or 30. I find that 30 rati seeds gathered by 
me on the field of Karukhslietra weigh 4-4 grains, and 44 is the differ- 
ence between 176 and 220. I find, however, that 30 rati seeds gathered 
by me at Niirpur iu the Kdugra District weigh 54 grains, so that we 
must know what kind of ratis were in use in Agra, where probably 
Jahangir held his Court. 

Suppose we alter the word rati to mdsha, then three raashas are 
equal to 24 ratis. Now, 24 of the Nurpur ratis draw exactly 44 grains. 
Some time ago I obtained from the bazar a stone weight, a mfisha, it 
weighed 9| ratis. This is the masha iu use amongst jewellers and 
sellers of precious stones. 

I think tlie word should be ind.'<ha, and not rati. Ratis are never 
used for weighing things that are a masha in weight, only for weighing 
fractional parts of the miisha. Botli methods of correcting the text 
agree with the weights of rupees in our collections. I have not any 
other edition of the Tozuk. The Urdu translation gives 3 ratis, so I 
presume it was made from the xlligarh Edition. 

The difference in the weights of the mohurs is not the same as the 
difference in the rupees 210 — 108 = 42 grains. It is, however, uear 
enough. Some of the early mohurs were only 202 grains. As those 
in the Lahore Museum are as fresh as if they had come from the mint 
yesterday, we may say that that was their original weight. Afterwards 
they rose to 210 gi-ains. 

1 believe this is tlie only pas-<;ig(> in whioli Jahnngir notices his 



92 C. J. Rodgej's — Jalian<i'irti Mohnif: and 'Rupees. [May & JuNE, 

heavy niohurs and rupees. It gives ns the key, however, to his early 
coinage. Perhaps in the Library of the Asiatic Society there is a good 
manuscript of tlie Tozuk-i-Jahangiri. The passage certainly needs 
correction. 



II. In the Toznk-i- Jahangiri, Aligarh Edition of 1864, by " Syud 
Ahmnd," at p. 207, we have the following : — 



Jijj f&is xS.i\^:^ !<l^ ^\ *Si.w {^J} \J^ 






In the Urdu translation of the Tozuk, printed at the Nizfuni Press, 
Cawnpore, in 1291 H. (1874 A. D.), the first part of this extract is thus 
translated,— p. 154, &c., ^}j ^ is/^'^ )i^ ^-t *^ '^ |*^=^ tH'° cj^'^ t:,'«^l j^ , 

*' CriJ^*^ LS^-^^ ts^jo*-'^ ^t:>)) )i^ ji('° 

In the Persian we read that the weights of the tankas were to be 
ten, twenty times the weights of the mohurs or rupees. In the Urdu 
we I'ead they were to be halves of the same, and the new coins are 
termed tangas not fanhas. 

Again in the latter part of the Persian we read " u^j'^^?^ '> • 
this has no meaning. It ought to be (j^^Jlj^ "besides copper." 

I would remark that the tangas were siyah and siifed, the siyah 
were of billon, and the coins of the Lodis, and of Firoz Shilh Tughlaq 
were neai-ly all of this kind. The sufed tankas were silver, and this 
name was given to the coins which were struck by Bfibar and Huma- 
yun, and their forefathei's. The tangas toere always fractional parts of a 
rupee: they were never heavy coins, or valuable coins. 

My object in drawing the attention of the members of the Society 
to this passage, is to obtain various readings of the parts overlined. 
Thei'C must be manuscripts of the Tozuk-i-Jahaugiri, by the dozen, in 
different libraries in India. Will members kindly assist in ascertain- 
ing the true readings. 



139-1.] Lihranj. 93 

No coin with these leg-ends have yet been found. They may be in 
existence iu either Ahmadabad, Cainbay, Surat, Ahmadnagar, or 
Bombay. 

3. An account of a recent collection of Bathjhial Fltshes from the Bay 
of Bengal and the Laccadive Sea. — By Sdrgeon-Cai'TAIn A. \V. Alcuck, 
M.B., C.M.Z.S., Superintendent, Indian Museum. 

The paper will be published in the Journal, Part II. 



h 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
Meeting held in'^^Vpril last : — 

Transactions, Proceedings, and Journals, 

presented by the respective S nieties and Editors. 

Batavia. Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kuusten en Wetenschappen, — 
Notulen, Deel XXXI, Aflevering 4. 

Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal, — Land-en Volken- 

kunde, Deel XXXVII, Aflevering 2. 

Bombay. Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, — Joui'nal, 
Vol. XVIII, Kos. 49 A and .50. 

The Indian Antiquary,— Vol. XXIII, Part 284. 

Bordeaux. LAcademie Rationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts 
de Bordeaux, — Actes, 3*^ Sdrie, 53 Anuee, Nos. 8 et 4. 

La Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux, — Actes, Tome XLV. 

Budapest. La Societe Hongroise de Greographie, — Bulletin, Tome XXI, 

Fasc. 8-10. 
Calcutta. Asiatic Society of Bengal, — Annual Address, 7th February 
1894. 

Journal, Parts I, Nos. 2-4, 1S93 ; I, 1894 ; II, 3-4, 

1893 ; III, 2 and 3, 1893 ; 1, 1894, 

Proceedings, Nos. 8-10, 1893 ; 1-4, 1894. 

The Indian Engineer,— Vol. XX, No. 36.5. 

Indian Engineering, — Vol. XV, Nos, 14-22. 

Maha-bodhi Society,— Journal, Vols. II, Xos. 10-12 ; III, 1. 

The Medical Reporter,— Vol. Ill, No 8. 

Photographic Society of India, — Journal, Vol. VII, Nos. 4 



and 5. 



94- Library. [May & June, 

Chicaffo, Til. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, — Vol, 

XVI, No. 2. 
Colombo. Cej^lon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, — Journal, Vols. 

XT and XIIT. 

ProceedingR, 1889-90. 



Frankfui^t a. O. Des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins des Reg. — 
Bez., Frankfurt,— Helios, Jahrg XI, Nni. 10-12. 

Societatum Litter^e, Jahrp- VIII, Nrn 1-3. 

The Hague. Koninklijke Instituut voor de Taal, — Land-en Volken- 
kunde van Nederlandsch-Indie, — Bijdrngcn tot de Taal-Land-eii 
Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Tndic, 5^ Volgr., Deel X, Aflver- 
ing 2. 

Koninklijke Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch- 

Indie, — ISTatuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indie, Deel 
LIT und LIII. 

Nedcrlandsche Entomologische Vereeniging, — Tijdschrift voor 



Entomologie, Band XXXVT, Nrn, 1 und 2. 
Havre. Societe de Geographic Commerciale du Havre, — Annualize, 

Janvier, 1894. 
Leige. La Societe Geologique de Belgique, — Annales, Tome XXI, 

Wo 1. 
London. The Academy, — Nos. 1142-50. 

The AthenfBum, — Nos. 3465-73. 

Geological Society, — Quarterly Journal, Vol. L, Part 2, 

Institution of Electrical Engineers, — Journal, Vol. XXIIT, ISTos. 

109 and 110. 

■ List of Officers and Members, corrected to January 

31st, 1894. 

Nature,— Vol. XLIX, Nos. 1273-78 ; L., 1279-81. 

Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, Nos. 16-18. 

Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, — Journal, 

Part II, 1894. 
Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol, LIV, 

Nos. 4 and 5. 
Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. Ill, 

Nos. 4 and 5. 
. Royal Institution of Gi'eat Britain, — Proceedings, Vol. XIV, 

Part I. 

. Royal Microscopical Society, — Journal, Part I, 1894. 

Royal Society,— Proceedings, Vols. LIV, Nos. 326-30; LV, 

831 and 32. 
Royal Statistical Society,— Journal, Vol. LVI, Part 4. 



1S91.] Library. 95 

London. Zoological Society of London, — Proceedings, Part IV, 1893. 

Transactions, Vol. XIII, Part 8. 

Melbourne. Royal Society of Victoria,— Proceedings, 'New Series, Vol. 
VI. 

Mexico, La Sociedad Cientifica " Antonio Alzate," — Memorias y Re- 
vista, Tome VII, Nos. 7-10. 

Nantes. La Societe des Sciences Naturelles de L' Quest de la France, 
—Bulletin, Tome III, Nos. 2-4.. 

New Haven. American Oriental Society, — Journal, Vol. XVI, No. 1. 

Paris. Journal Asiatique, — Tome II (IX^ Serie), No. 3. 

Musee Guimet, — Revue de L'Histoire des Religions, Tome 

XXVII, No. 3 ; XXVIII, 1. 

La Societe d'Antliropologie de Paris. — Bulletins, Tome IV 

(IVe Serie), Nos 5-10. 

Memoires,.Tome I (3^ Serie), Fasc. L 

La Societe de Geographic, — Bulletin, Tome XIV (Vll^ Serie), 

No. 3. 

Coniptes Rendus des Seances, — Nos. 5-10, 1894. 



Pisa. La Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, — Atti, Memorie, Tome 
XIII. 

Processi Verbali, 21 Gennaio, 1894. 

Rome. La Societa Degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, — Memorie, Tome 
XXIII, Nos. 3 et 4. 

San Francisco. California Academy of Sciences, — Memoirs, Vol. II, 
No. 3. 

Santiago. La Societe Scientifiqae du Chili, — Actes, Tome Til, No. 3. 

St. Petersburgh. Royal Imperial Russian Geographical Society, — Pro- 
ceedings, Vol. XXIX, No. 6. 

Stockholm. Sveriges Offentliga Bibliotek, — Accessions-Katalog, 1886-92. 

Sydney. Linnean Society of New South Wales, — Proceedings, Vol. 
VlIT, Parts 2 and 3. 

Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol VII, Nos. 4, 0-10. 

Tokio. Der Deutschen Gesellschaffc fiir Natur-und Volkerkuude Os- 
tasiens in Tokio, — Mittheilungen, Heft 53. 

Tring. Novitates Zoologicae, — Band I, Nos. 1 und 2. 

Turin. La R. Accademia della Scienze di Torino, — Atti, Tome XXTX, 
Nos. 5-10. 

Osservazione Metcorologiche, 1893. 

Vienna. Der Anthropologeschen Gesellschnft in Wien, — Mittheilun- 
gen, Baud XXIV, Heft 1. 

Der K. K. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, — Verhandlungeu, Nru. 

1-4, 1894. 



96 Library. [May & June, 

Washington. United States National Museum, — Proceedings, Vol. XV. 
Wellington. New Zealand Institute, — Transactions and Proceedings, 

Vol. XVIII. 

Polynesian Society, — Journal, Vol. Ill, No. 1. 

Zuricb. Der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zilricli, — Vierteljahrs- 

sclirift. Tome XXXIX, Nrn. 1. 

j3ooKS AND Pamphlets, 
presented by the Authors, Translators, &c. 

GrRUNWEDEL, Albert. Buddhistisclie Kunst in Indien. 8vo. Berlin, 
1893. 

Lyman, Benjamin Smith. Age of the Newark Brownstone. Svo. 
Philadelphia, 1894. 

Oldham, K. D. The Evolution of Indian Greography. 8vo. Loudon, 
1893. 

Prain, David. Memoirs and Memoranda, chiefly Botanical. Svo. Cal- 
cutta, 1894. 

Ra'y, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahahharata, translated into English 
Prose, Part 88. Svo. Calcutta, 1893. 

Ra'i5tji, Aloi'i Dm. The Book of Wisdom. Svo. Allahabad, 1894. 

Stein, M. A. Zur Geschichte der ^abis von Kabul. Svo. Stuttgart, 
1893. 

Miscellaneous Presentations. 

Bendall, Cecil. Catalogue of Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit Books in 
the British Museum, London, acquired during the years 1876-92. 
4to. London, 1893. 

Bezold, C. Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik 
Collection of the British Museum, London, Vol. III. Svo. Loudon, 
1893. 

Margoliodth, G. Descriptive List of the Hebrew and Samaritan MSS. 
in the British Museum, London. Svo. London, 1893. 

Ogilvie-Grant, W. R. Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, 
London, Vol. XXIL Svo. London, 1893. 

British Museum, London. 

Notes on the Annual Statements of the Government Charitable Dis- 
pensaries in the Central Provinces for the year 1893. Fcp. Nag- 
pur, 1894. 

Report on the Lunatic Asylums of the Central Provinces for the year 
1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 



1894..] Libra ry. 07 

Returns of the Rail-borne traffic of the Central Pi'ovinces during the 
quarter ending 31st December, 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894, 

Chief Commissioner, Centkal Provinces. 
MuRDOCn, J. An account of the Yedas with illustrative extracts ad- 
dressed to Thoughtful Hindus. 8vo. Madras, 1892. 

Christian Literature Society, Madras. 
BoTSFORD, George Willis. The Development of the Athenian Consti- 
tution. 8vo. Ithaca, 1893. 

Cornell University, Itiiaca. 
The Hindu World, Vol. I, Nos. 1, 3 and 4. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

Editor, Hindu World. 
Returns of the Rail and River-borne Trade of Bengal during the quarter 

ending the 31st December, 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894 
Wills, William. Plan of Fort William and Part of the City of 
Calcutta in the year 1753, Sheet, Calcutta, 1894. 

Government of Bengal. 
Bent, J. Theodore. Early Voyages and Travels in the Levant. 8vo. 

London, 1893. 
Epigraphia Indica and Records of the Archaeological Survey of India, 

Vol. Ill, Parts 1 and 2. 4to. Calcutta, 1894, 
The Indian Antiquary for February and March, 1894. 4to. Bombay, 

1894. 
North Indian Notes and Queries for February and March, 1894. 4to. 
Allahabad, ] 894. 

Government of India, Home Department. 
Epigraphia Indica of the Archa3ological Survey of India, Vol. II, 

Part 14. 4to. Calcutta, 1893. 
HfERNLE, Dr. a. F. R. The IJower Manuscript. Facsimile leaves, Nagari 
transcript, Romanised transliteration and English translation wifh 
notes. Part TI. Fasc. I. Fol. Calcutta, 189 k 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Dept. 
A Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts existing in Oudh Provinces for 

the year 1890. 8vo. Allahabad, 1893. 
Crooke, W. An Introduction to the Popular Religion and Folklore of 

Northern India. 8vo. Allahabad, 1894. 
Report on the Administration of the N.-W. Provinces and Oudh, for 
the year ending 31st March, 1893. Fcp. Allahahad, 1894. 

Government of N.-W. Provinces and Oudh. 
Final Report of the Revised Settlement of the Gurdaspur District in 

the Punjab. Fcp. Lahore, 1892, 
Final Report on the Revision of Settlement 1889-91 of the Muktsar 
Pargana and Mamdot Jagir of the Ferozcpoi'c District in the 
Punjab. Fcp. Laliorc, 1892. 



98 Library. [May & June, 

Gazetteer of the Amritsar District, 1893-94. Revised Edition. 8vo. 
Lahore, 1894. 

Government of tue Punjab. 
Indian Museum Notes, Vol. Ill, No. 3. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

Indian Museum. 
The Indian Journal of Education for February to May 1894. 8vo. 
Madras, 1894. 

V. Kalyanaram Iyer, Esq. 
ScHREiBER, Theodor. Die Alexandriuisches Torentek. TJntersuch- 
ungen iiber die Griechische Goldscliniiede Kunst im Ptoleui- 
aeerreiche, Theil I. 

DeR KoNICtL. SACHSISCnEN GeSELLSCHAFT DER WiSSENSCnAFTEN 

Indian Meteorological Memoirs, Vol. VI, Part I. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Monthly Weather Review for November and December, 1893 and 

January, 1894. 4to Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observatious of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lucknow, 
Lahore, Nagpnr, Bombay aud Madras for November and December, 
1893 and January, 1894. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter to the Government op India. 
Bulletin of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta, Vol. Ill, Nos. 3 and 

4. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Library Catalogue of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta, March 
1894. 8vo Calcutta, 1894. 

Microscopical Society of Calcutta. 
Annual Report of the Director of the Royal Alfred Observatory, 
Mauritius, for the year 1892. Fcp. 

Royal Alfred Observatory, Mauritius. 
Massachusetts Tufts College Studies, No. 1. 8vo Massachusetts, 1894. 

Tufts College, Mas'^achusetts, U. S. A. 
Report of the President of Yale University, New Haven, for the year 
ending December 31st, 1893. 8vo. New Haven, 1894. 

Yale University, New Haven. 

Pee\iodicals Pui^hased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vols. Ill, Nos. 12 ; 

IV, 1. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteraturzeitnng, — Jahr. XV, Nrn, 1-6. 
Braunschweig. Jahreshericht iiber die Fortschritte der Chemie und 

verwandter Theile anderer Wissenschaften, Heft 4 1889; I, 1890. 
Calcutta. The Calcutta Review,— Vol XCVIll, No. 196. 

. Indian Medical Gazette, — Vol. XXIX, Nus. 4 and 5. 

Cassel. Botanisches Centralblatt,— Band LVI, Nrn. 13 ; LVII, 1-7. 



JS91.] Lihranj. 99 

Greneva. Archives des Sciences Pliysiqiies et Naturelles, — Tome XXXI, 

Nos. 3 efc 4. 
Gottingen, Dei* K5nigl. Gesellscliaf der Wissenschaften, — Gottingis- 

clie gelelirto Anzeigeu, Nrn. 25 iiud 26 1893 ; 1 und 2, 1894. 

. . Naclirichten, Nrn. 19-21, 1893. 

Leipzig. Annalen der Pliysik und Cheraie, — Band LI, Heffc 4 ; LII, 1. 

. . Beiblatter, Band XVIII, Stiick 3 und 4. 

Lejden. Internationales Arcbiv fiir Ethnographie, — Band VII, Heft I. 
London. Tlie Annals and Magazine of Natural History, — Vol. XIII 

(6*1^ Series), Nos. 74 und 75. 

. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXIX, Nos. 1791-98. 

. The Entomologist,— Vol. XXVII, Nos. 368-70. 

. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. V (2"'^ Series), 

Nos. 357 and 58. 

. The Ibis., Vol. VI (6ti' Series), No. 21. 

. The Journal of Botany,— Vol. XXXII, Nos. 374 and 75. 

. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine 

and Journal of Science,— Vol. XXXVII (5tb Series), Nos. 225 

and 26. 
. The Messenger of Mathematics, — Vol. XXIII (New Series), 

No. 5. 

. The Numismatic Chronicle, — Third Series, Part IV, 1893. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, Nos. 17 and 18. 

. The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, — Vol. XXXV 



(New Series), Parts 3 and 4. 

Ehopalocera Exotica, — Part 27, 1894. 



New Haven. The American Journal of Science, — Vol. XLVII {Z^'^ 

Series), Nos. 277 and 278. 
Paris. L'Academie des Sciences, — Comptes Rend as des Seances, Tome 

CXVII, Nos. 26; CXVIII, 1-8. 
. Annales de Chimie et de Phj'sique, — 7™^ Serie, Janvier et 

Fevrier, 1894. 
. Revue Critique d' Histolre et de Litterature, — Tome XXXVI, 



Nos. 51 et 52 ; XXXVII, 1-8. 
— . Revue Scientifique, — Tome I (4^ Serie), Nos. 12-18. 



POOKS J^URCHASED. 



'Index to the Reports and Transactions of the British Association for 
the Advancement of Science from 1861 to 1890 inclusive 8vo. 
London. 1893. 



100 ■ Library. [May & June, 1894.] 

Keene, Henry George. An Oriental Biographical Dictionary, founded 

on materials collected by the late Thomas William Beale. New 

Edition. 8vo. London, 1894. 
Kew, Harry Wallis ; and Wallace, Alfred Russel. The Dispersal 

of Shells. 8vo. London, 1893. 
KiRBY, W. F. J. HuBNER Exotische Schmetterlinge, Parts 1 and 2. 

4to. Brussels, 1894. 
Newberry, Percy E. Beni Hasan, Part II. 4to. London, 1894. 
Hay, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

Prose, Part 88. Bvo. Calcutta, 1893. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OP THE 

ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For July, 1894. 



The Monthly General Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Benp-al was 
held on Wednesday, the 4th July, 1894, at 9-15 P. M. 

The Hon'ble Sir C. A. Elliott, K. C. S. I. 

Vice-President, in the chair. 

The following members were present : — 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, Dr. A. II. Anderson, H. K. W, Arnold, Esq., 
T. H. Holland, Esq., Kumar Rameshwar Maliah, J. Mann, Esq., Pandit 
Haraprasad Sastri, The Rev. H. Whitehead, C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

Visitors :— H. V. Elliott, Esq., The Rev. W. Field. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read, and coufirmed. 

Twenty-six presentations were announced, details of which are 
given in the Library List appended. 

Tiie follow^ing gentlemen duly proposed and seconded at the last 
meeting of the Society were ballotted for and elected Ordinary Mem- 
bers : — 

Surgeon-Captain D. M. Moir, I. M. S. 
Kuuwar Kushal Pal Sinhn, M. A. 

The following gentleman is a candidate for election at the next 
meeting : — 

M. IST. Chatterjee, Esq., Professor of Philosophy, Maharaja's Col- 
lege, Patiala, proposed by Pandit Harapi'asad Sastri, seconded by Babu 
Panchanan Mukhopadhyaya. 

The following gentlemen have expressed a wish to withdraw from 
the Society : — 

Colonel H. S Jarrett. 
Dr. William Kiner. 



102 Mitra, S. C. — On some BeJiarJ Customs and Practices. [JuLY, 

The Secretary reported the deatli of the following members: — 
Mahamahapadhyaya Kaviraja Sh_yamaldas (Ordinary Member). 
B. H. Hodgson, Esq., (Honorary Member). 

The Secretary reported that Mr. B. D. Maclagan had compounded 
liis subscription as a non-resident member by the payment in a single 
sum of Rs. 300. 

Dr. Alcock exhibited and remarked upon some marine Invertebrates 
lately dredged at a considerable depth by the survey ship ' Investigator.' 

The first specimen exhibited was a new species of Brachiopod, of the 
genus Terebrattda, remarkable for its huge size, and in being slightly 
inequilateral ; as well as fi^om the depth of its habitat (719 fathoms), 
and from the fact that it was one of the first species of the genus record- 
ed from Indian waters. 

The species will be described and figured in Pt. II. of the Journal. 

The second specimen exhibited was the curious Thalassinid Crus- 
tacean, Calocaris macandrese, Bell, lately di'edged in the Laccadive Sea 
at a depth of 636 fms., the bottom temperature being about 44° Falir. 
This species was interesting on account of the wide extent of its range. 
First dredged in Loch Fyne, off the south-west coast of Scotland, at a 
considerable depth, and subsequently in Scandinavian waters, it was 
next reported from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and then from the anti- 
podes of .New Zealand. It is now recorded as an addition to the Indian 
fauna. 

The third specimen exhibited was a new species of Crab of the 
genus Galappa, specially noticeable, first for its large size, and 
secondly for the depth (112 fms.) at which it occurred. 

The species of the numerically small genus Calappa were as a rule 
littoral in habit, but this species belonged to the fauna of the deep sea, 
although it exhibited no conspicuous structui'al modifications for life at 
a depth. The specimen will be described in Journal Part II, and will 
be figured in an early issue of " Illustrations of the Zoology of the 
R. I. M. S. Investigator." 

The following papers were read : — 

2. On some Beharl Customs and Practices. — By Babu Sarat Chan- 
dra MiTRA, M.A., B.L. Communicated by Pandit Haijaprasad Sastri, 
M. A. 

(Abstract.) 

In Behar a wife's elder sister is regarded as a superior member of the 
family who is to be approached in a respectful attitude; while in Bengal, 
she is regarded, as a boon companion, with whom one is at liberty to crack 



1894] Mitra, S. C.—N(oth Indian Fulh-lore about Thieves and Jiohher.^. 103 

jokes. Motliex''s brothers wife is i-egardcd as a superior in Bengal, but 
sbe is not so regai^ded in Behar. 

To beat witli a broken cooking- vessel is regarded as a great insult 
in Beliar and if the vessel be covered with soot it is doubly insulting. 

The Behari women, when they meet after a long time, give vent to 
their feelings in loud lamentation and take each other in their arms. 

The Beharls greet their friends by saying "RiimRam." Tlie Hanu- 
man, is regarded in Behar as a sacred animal, and is never molested 
though it often commits mischief. 

They think that they get looseness of the bowels when these are 
displaced, and the best remedy for looseness among them is rubbing the 
abdominal parts. 

Behari women are foud of wearing brass ornaments. They often 
have to invoke the assistance of ironsmiths to fit these on their person. 
People suffering from severe illness often take a vow of measuring the 
whole distance from their home to a sacred place with their person 
and often raise a standard in honor of the Monkey-god. 

2. North Indian Folk-lore about Thieves and Robbers. — By Babu 
Sakat Chandra Mitra, M.A., B.L. Comnmnicated by Pandit Hara- 

PRASAD SaSTRI, M.A. 

(Abstract.) 

The Thieves and Robbers in India are said to be under the special 
protection of a female deity, who is known under various designations : 
as Kdlt, in Bengal; BevI or Mdtd in Hindustan; and Bhavdiu among 
the Thugs. The images of this goddess in the immediate neighl)our- 
hood of Calcutta, namely, that at Kalighat and that at Chitpore, used to he 
greatly honored by Dacoits before the English became the rulers of 
Bengal. There are many protectresses of robbers known all over 
Bengal as Dal-dte Kail; at Manasa Devi, near Kalka, a fair is still held in 
honor of a robbers' deity though the fair has at present changed its 
character very materially. The Bengal collection of proverbs are full 
of allusions to thieves, dacoits. No fewer than fifteen have been given 
in the paper. There was a curious way in which the tliieves used to 
get the instruments of house-breaking made by the blacksmiths. They 
used to go, secretly at dead of night, to the blacksmith's shop and 
deposit a piece of iron and a few pice by way of wages, and, the next 
night at that very hour they used to get the instrument deposited thci^e. 
There is a proverb in Bengal that the thief and the blacksmith never 
meet and yet the instrument for housebreaking is at work. 

Remarks : — In the Mriceha katika, the god Kartika, the General of 
the Gods, is x^egarded as the patron of thieves and the originator of the 



104 Library. [July, 

art of stealing, an art which used to l)c tang'ht carefully to the'upper 
classes of the Indian Society, as a part of liberal education. See Da9a- 
knuiai'acharita. 

The papers will be published in full, in the Journal, Part III. 

3. Note on the stridiilatmg poivers of the Ocypode Grab (Ocypoda 
cera tophthalma, Pall).— By Sqrgeon-Captain A. R. Anderson, B.A., 
M.B., Surgeon-Naturalist to the Marine Survey. 

The papers will be published in the Journal, Part IF. 



h 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
Meeting held in June last : — 

Transactions, Proceedings, and Journals, 

presented by the respective Societies and Editors. 

Angers. La Societe d'Etudes Scientiliques d' Angers, — Bulletin, Nou- 

velle Serie, XXIP Annce. 
Baltimore. Johns Hopkins University, — Circulars, Vol. XIII, No. 112. 
Batavia. Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Weteuschappen, — 
Notulcn, Deel XXXII, Aflovering 1. 

. . Tijdsclirift voor Indische Taal, -Land-en Volken- 

kundc, Dcel XXXVII, Aflevering 3 und 4. 
Bombay. Bombay Natural History Society, — Journal, Vol. VIII, No. 4. 
Calcutta. Geological Survey of India, — Records, Vol. XXVII, Part 2. 

. . Indian Engineering,— Vol. XV, Nos. 23-26. 

. Maha-Bodhi Society,— Journal, Vol. Ill, No. 2. 

. The Medical Reporter,— Vols. Ill, Nos. 1-7, 9-12 ; IV, 1. 

Chicago, HI. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, — Vol. 

XVI, No. 3. 
Florence. La Societa Africana d'ltalia, — Bulletino, Tome I (2'-' Serie), 

Nos. 7 et 8. 
Havre. Societe de Geographic Commcrciale du Havre, — Bulletin, 

Mars-Avril, 1894. 
Ithaca. Cornell University, — Library Bulletin, Vol. Ill, No. 6. 
Leipzig. Der Koniglich Sachsischen Gesellschaft der AVissenschaften 

zu Leipzig, — Verhaudlungon, Math-phys Classe, I, 1894. 
Liege. La Societe Geologique de Belgiquc, — Annales, Tome XXI, No. 2. 
London. The Academy, — Nos. 1151-54. 



189-i.] Library. 105 

Jjoiulon. Anthropological Society of Great Britain and Ireland, — 

Journal, Vol. XXIIl, No. 4. 

. The Athenreum,— Nos. 347i-77. 

. Institution of Civil Engineers, — Minutes of Proceedings, 

Vol. CXV. 
. Institution of Electrical Engineers, — Journal, Vol. XXIII, 

No. 111. 
. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, — Proceedings, No. -1, 

1893. 

. The Nature,— Vol. L, Nos. 1282-85. 

•. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 19. 

. Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol, LIV, 

Nos. 6 and 7. 
. Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. Ill, 

No. 6. 

'. Royal Statistical Society, — Joui-nal, Vol. LVII, Part 1. 

Zoological Society of London, — Proceedings, Part 1, 1801. 



Moscow. La Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes do Moscou, — Cullefin, 

No. 4, 1893. 
Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol, XX, Nos. 5 and 6. 
Paris. Journal Asiatique, — IX^ Serie, Tome III, No. 1. 

. Musee Guimet, — Annales, Tome XXV. 

•. . Revue do L'Histoire des Religions, Tome XXVIH, 

Nos. 2 et 3. 

. Societe do Geographic, — Bulletin, Tome XIV, No. 4. 

Comptes Rendus des Seances, Nos. 10-12, 1894. 



Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania, — Catalogue, 1893-94. 

St. Petersburg!!. Imperial Russian Geographical Society, — Proceed- 
ings, Vol. XXX, No. 1. 

Taiping. Perak Govcxniment, — Gazette, Vol. IV, No. 4; VII, 11 and 12. 

Toronto. Canadian Institute, — Transactions, Vol. IV, Part 1. 

Vienna. Dor Anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, — Mittheiluno-en 
Band XXIV, Heft 2. 

jBooKs AND Pamphlets, 

presented hy tlie Authors, Translators, Sfc. 

Ball, V. A description of two large Spinel Ruhies, with Persian 
characters engraved upon them. 8vo. Dublin, 1894. 

Earth, A. Bulletin des Religions de L'Inde. 8vo. Paris, 1894. 

Geeeven, R. The Heroes Five (Panchou Pir). 8vo. Allahabad 
J 893. 



106 Library. [July, 

HoUTSMA, M. Th. Ein Tiirkiscli-Arabisches Glossar. 8vo. Leiden, 

J894. 
Howell, Montjmer Sloper. A Grammar of the classified, Arabic 

Language. Part I. 8vo. Allahabad, ]894. 
NiSBET, John. The climate and Natioual-Economic Influence of Forests. 

8vo. London, 1893. 
Pringle, Arthur T. Selections from the Consiiltations of the Agent 

Governor and Council of Fort St. George, J68J. 8vo. Madras, 

1893. 
Ray, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabhavata, translated into English 

Prose, Part 89. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Whitney, W. D. On a recent attem^Dt, by Jacobi and Tilak, to deter- 
mine on astronomical evidence the date of the earliest vedic period 

as 4,000 B. C. 8vo. New Haven, 1894. 

Miscellaneous Presentations. 

The Thirty-sixth Annual Report of the Trade and Commerce of Chicago 
for the year ending December 3Jst, 1893. 8vo. Chicago, 1894. 

Board of Trade, Cpiicago. 
Repoi't of the sixty-third Meeting of the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science held at Nottingham in September, 1893. 
Svo. London, 1894. 

British Association for the Advancement of Science, London. 
Seventh Annual Report of the Canadian Institute, Toronto, Session 
1893-94. 8vo. Toronto, 1894. 

Canadian Institute, Toronto. 
FiSKE, Willard. Catalogue of the Rhaeto-Romanic Collection. 8vo. 
Ithaca, 1894. 

Cornell University Library, Ithaca. 
Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture, Brisbane, for the 
year 1892-93. 8vo. Brisbane, 3893. 

Department of Agriculture, Brisbane. 
Results of Observations of the fixed stars made with the Meridian 
Circle at the Government Observatory, Madras, in the years 1880 
1881 and 1882. 4to. Madias, 1894. 

Government Observatory, ]\Iadras. 
Annual Report on the Lunatic Asylu;us of Bengal for the year 1893. 

Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Census of India, 1891. General Tables for British Provinces and 
Feudatory States, Vol. II. Fcp. London, 1893. 

Government of Bengal. 



1894.] Lilrary. 107 

North Indian Notes and Queries for April, 1804. 4to. Allahabad, 
1894. 

Government of India, Home Dei-artment, 
Eeport of the Mysore Government Oriental Library, 1802-93. Fcp. 
]\[ysore, 1803. 

Government Oriental Lirrary, Mysore. 
The Indian Journal of Education for June, 1804. 8vo. Madras, J804. 

V. Kalyanaram Iyer, Esq. 
EiciiLER, Dr. Osnvald. Die Wege des Blutstromes durch den vorliof 
und die bogengiinge des menschen. 4to. Leipzig, 1894. 

DeR KoNIGL. SXcHSLSCIIEN Ge.SELESCHAFT DER WiSSENSCnAFTEN. 

Hampson, G. r. The Fanna of British India including Ceylon and 
Biu*nia. Edited by W. T. Blanford. Moths, Vol. 1. 8vo. Lon- 
don, 1892. 

The Rev. D. G. Latiiam-Browne. 
Monthly Weather Review for February 1894. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lucknow, 
Lahore, Nagpur, Bombay and Madras for Febriiary 1894. 4to. 
Calcutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter to the Government of India. 
General Report on the Operations of the Survey of India Department 
during 1892-93. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 

Surveyor General of India. 
The Fourth Annual Report of the Zemindary Panchayet, Calcutta, 
held on Saturday the 3rd March, 1894. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 

Zemindary Panchayet, Calcutta. 

Pef^i^odicals Pui^chased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — May, 1894. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteratarzeitung, — Jahrg. XV, Nrn. 7-14. 

. Zeitschrift filr Ethnologic,— Heft 6, 1803. 

Calcutta. Calcutta Review,— Vol. XCIX, No. 197. 

. Indian Medical Gaze cte,— Vol. XXIX, No. 6. 

Cassel. Botanisches Centralblatt,— Band LVII, Nrn. 9-13; LVIlI, 1. 
Geneva. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, — Tome XXXI, 

No. 5. 
Gottingen. Der Konigl. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, — Gottingis 

che gelehrte Anzeigen, Nr. 3, 1894. 

. . Nacbrichten, Nr. 1, 1894. 

Leipzig. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, — Band Lll, Heft 2 und 3. 
. . Beibliitter, Band XVIII, Stuck 5 und 6. 



108 Library. [July, 1894.] 

Leyden. Internationales Arcliiv fiir EUinof^rapliie, Band VII, Heft 2, 
London. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, — Vol. XIII, 

No. 76. 

. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXIX, Nos. ] 800-1803. 

. The Entomologist,— Vol. XXVII, No. 371. 

. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. V (2'"^ Series), 

No 52. 

. The Ibis,— Vol. VI (6th Series), No. 22. 

. The Journal of Botany,— Vol. XXXIT, No. 376. 

. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine, — 

Vol. XXXVII (5ti» Series), No. 227. 
. The Messenger of Mathematics,— Vol. XXIII (New Series), 



No. 6. 
— . Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 19. 



New Haven. The American Journal of Science, — Vol. XLVII (S'''^ 

Series), Nos. 279 and 280. 
Paris. L'Academie des Sciences, — Comptes Rendus des Stances, 

Tome CXVIII, Nos. 9-14. 

. Annales de Chemie et de Physique, — Mars et Avril, 1894. 

. Revue Critique d' Histoire et de Litterature, — Tome XXXVII, 

Nos 9-14. 

Revue Scientifique,— Tome I (4° Serie), Nos. 21-24. 



Philadelphia. Mannual of Conchology, — Vol, XV, No. 2 ; 2'^'' Series, 
Vol. IX, No. 2. 

PooKS Purchased. 

KiEBY, W. P. J. Hlibner Exotische Schmetterlinge, Plates 21-25, 

27-30. 4to. Brussels, 1894. 
Levi, Stlvain. Le Theatre Indien. 8vo. Paris, 1890. 
Oppeet, Gcstav. On the Original Inhabitants of Bharatavarsa of 

India. 8vo. London, 1893. 
Ray, PEATifPA Chandea. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

Prose, Part 89. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Rbgnaud, Paul. La Rhetorique Sanskrite exposee dans son develope- 

ment historique et ses rapports avec la rhetorique classique. 8vo. 

Paris, ]894. 
Webb, William Wilfeed. The Currencies of the Hindu States of 

Rajputana. 8vo. London, 1893. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For August, 1894. 



The Montlily General Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 
was held on Wednesday, the 1st August, 1894, at 9-15 p. m. 

Dr. a. F. R. Hoernle, Vice-President, in the chair. 

The following Members were present : — 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, Dr. A. R. Anderson, H. K. W. Arnold, Esq., 
Babu Sarat Chandra Das, A. Hogg, Esq., T. H. Holland, Esq., Prince 
Jahan Qadr Muhammed Wahid Ali, J. Mann, Esq., C. R. Marriott, Esq., 
Di\ F. Noetling, Pandit Haraprasad Shastri, C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Thirty-six presentations were announced, details of which are 
given in the Library List appended. 

The following gentleman duly pi'oposed and seconded at the last 
meeting of the Society was ballotted for and elected an Ordinary 
member : — 

M. N. C hatter jee, Esq. 

The following gentlemen are candidates for election at the next 
meeting : — 

Dr. George Ranking, Secretary of the Board of Examiners, pro- 
posed by Dr. A. F. R, Hoernle, seconded by C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

Henry Nelson Wright, Esq., I. C. S., Delira Dun, proposed by 
Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle, seconded by C. R. Wilson, E.sq. 

Babu Sivnarayan Mukharjee, Uttarpai-a, proposed by Dr. Mahendra 
lal Sarcar, seconded by Dr. Asutosh Mukerjee. 

The following gentleman has expressed a wish to withdraw from 
the Society : — 

T. F. Peppe, Esq. . 



110 Brafh of Mr B. H. Iloihjson. [AuG. 

The following obituary notice was read by Dr. A. F. Rudolf 
Hoei'nle * : — 

In Brian Hougliton Hodgson the Society lias to deplore the loss of 
one of its oldest and most distinguished members. He joined the 
Society on the 24th April, 1833, as an Ordinary Member, and on the 
6th July, 1858, he was elected an Honorary Member. He was, probably, 
the largest contributor that the Society ever possessed. The papers 
published by him in the " Society's Asiatic Researches" and " Journal " 
amount to a total of 112 ; besides, he made large donations of exceedingly 
valuable manuscripts and specimens of Natural History. In fact, 
the progress of the Society during the whole period of his residence 
in India, was intimately connected with him, and the Society showed 
its appreciation of his services by voting him a bust on the eve of 
his departure from India, on the 6th February, 1 844. He first came out 
to India in 1818, " the year of Warren Hastings' death ; his term of 
service was finished before Lord Hardinge became Governor-General, 
and he survived into Viceroyalty of the second Earl of Elgin, dying 
on the 23rd May of this year, in the ninety-fifth year of his age. Almos* 
all his period of public work was spent in Nepal, where he was 
appointed Secretary in 1820, and Resident in 1831." There, "by his 
profound knowledge of the people, their country, language, and religion 
he succeeded in making the British name not only feared but i-espected." 
In 1843 he resigned the service, and returned home. Two years after- 
wards, however, he came back to India, where he settled at Darjeeling 
to continue his researches, till 1858, when he finally retired to 
England. 

Brian Hodgson's chief merit lies in having utilised, with ex- 
traordinary zeal and industry, the unique opportunities which he enjoyed 
for the collecting of materials that helped to advance our knowledge of 
India in the widest sense. Nor was his interest in things Indian 
limited to any one department of science. Most of our knowledge of 
Nepal we still owe to him. Though he was not allowed to explore 
that country himself, — any more than Europeans are to this day, — yet 
" by his personal infliience with the governing class, by interviewing all 
strangers who visited the Court and sacred places of Nepal, and by 
sending out native collectors in every direction, he was able to accumu- 
late an immense store of trustworthy information aboiat the people and 
the country. The results are to be found partly in the numerous papers 
which he contributed to this Society ; but still more in the invaluable 
collections of manuscripts, and specimens of Natural Hisioiy with which 

* See also an obituary notice by J. S. C. in The Academy, June 2, 1894. 



J894.] Pliilological Secretary. — E.vldhltion of Asstutiese Gold Coin. Ill 

he enricliotl tlie museums of Europe as well as of India/' " It was from 
the MSS. he then sent to Paris that Eugene Burnouf was enabled to 
undertake the first accurate examination of (lie oiigin of Buddhism;" 
and equally important was his acquisition of tlic great Tibetan Ency- 
clopgedia, in 334 volumes, which now repose in the library of the India 
Office. He was also the first to collect vocabularies of the unwritten 
dialects of the hill tribes throughout India, from the Himalayas to 
Ceylon. But he was no less devoted to Natural History. The pages of 
the Journal of this Society bear full witness to his researches. No less 
than eleven species of the Mamiualia and one genus of the Aves of 
India are named after him ; and both the Indian Museum and t'nc 
British Museum owe many of their specimens to his generosity. To 
the solution of practical questions, too, he contributed his share of 
pioneer-work : such as the possibilities of commerce between Nepal and 
British India, the policy of enrolling Gurkha battalions in the native 
army, the suitability of the Sub-Himalayas for sanitariums, and 
others. 

Though Brian Hodgson received no mark of distinction from his 
own Government, our Society — his own Society — gave him (as already 
stated) a bust, placed in the room in which we meet to-day, the Royal 
Society made him a Fellow, and the Oxford University gave him the 
D. C. L. degree. France also gave him the Legion of Honour, a medal 
specially struck by the Societe Asiatique, and the Corresponding Mem- 
bership of the Institute. But his real distinction is his works, of which 
three collected volumes were published in 1874 and 1880. 

The Philological Secretary exhibited an old Assamese Gold Coin, 
and read a note on the same, by E. A. Gait, Esq., C. S. 
The note will be published in the Journal, Part I. 

The following papers were read : — 

1. Abstract Contents of one of the Ahoni Pathis of Asani. — By E. A. 
Gait, Esq., C. S. 

The papers will be published in the Journal, Part I. 

2. Guru Gohiud Singh and Bandah. — By Wm. Iryine, Esq., I. C. S., 
Retired. 

3. An Account of the Collection of Deep Sen Crustacea receyitly made 
by the E. I. M. S- "Investigator," in the Bay of Bengal and Laccadive 
Sea. — By Surgeon-Captaixs A. W. Alcock and A. R. Axdeksox. 

The paper will be [)ublished in the Juurnal, Part II. 



112 Library. [Aug. 



h 



IBRARY. 



The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
Meeting held iu July last : — 

Tf^NSACTIONS, Pi^CEEDINGS and jOUI\NALS, 

presented by the respective Societies and Editors. 

Bomhay. The Indian Antiquary, — Yds. XXII, December 1893, Part 

II ; XXIII, Part 285. 
Buenos Aires. La Academia Nacional de Cieucias en Cordoba, — Boletin, 

Tome XII, Xo. 1. 
Calcutta, Asiatic Society of Bengal, — Journal, Part I, Nos. 1 and 2. 

— — — — . . Proceedings, Xos. 5 and 6, 1894 

■— — , Indian Engineering, — Vol. XVI, Xos. 1-4. 

. The Medical Reporter,— Vol. IV, Xo. 2. 

• . Photographic (Society of India, — Journal, Vol. VII, Xo. 7. 

Cassel. Des Vereins fiir Xaturkunde zu Kassel, — Bericht, XXXIX. 
The Hague. Koninklijk Institnut voor de Taal, -Land-en Volken- 

kunde van Nederlandsch-Indie, — Bijdragen tot de Taal-Land-en 

Volkeukunde van Xederlaudsch-Indie, 5° Volgr., Deel X, Aflever- 

ing 3-4. 
Havre. Societe de Geographic Commerciale du Havre, — Bulletin, Mai- 

Juin, 1894. 
London. The Academy, — Nos. 1155-58. 

. The Athenteum,— Nos. 3478-81. 

. Institution of Electrical Engineers, — Journal, Vol. XXIII, 

No. 112. 

. Nature,— Vol. L, Nos. 1286-89. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 20. 

Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. IV, 



No. 1. 

Manchester. The Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, — 
Memoirs and Proceedings, Vol. VIII (4t'i Serie), No. 2. 

Moscow. La Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, — Bulletin, 
No. 1, 1894. 

Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, No 7. 

Paris. La Societe de Geographic, — Bulletin, Tome XV, No. 1. 

., ■. Comptes Rendus des Seances No. 13, 1894. 

La Societe Philomathique de Paris, — Bulletin, 1892-93, 

1893-94. 



189-1.] Library. 113 

Paris. La Societe Conipte-Rendu sommaire cTcs Seances, Nos. 1-10, 

12-20, 1893. 
Pisa. Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, — Atti, Proccssi Vcrbali, 4 

Marzo et 6 Maggio, 1892. 
Rome. R. Instituto Oinentalc in Napoli, — L' Oricnte, Anno I, No. 2. 
. Societa Degli Spettroscopiste Italiani, — Memorie, Tome XXIII, 

No. 5. 
Santiago. La Socii'te Scicntifiquo du Cliili, — Actes, Tome IV. 
Schaffhausen. La Societe Entomologique Suisse, — Bulletin, Tome IX, 

No. 3. 
Sydney. Linnean Society of New South Wales, — Proceedings, Vol. 

VIII (2"'! series), Part 4. 
. Royal Society of New South. Wales, — Journal and Proceedings, 

Vol. XXVII. 
Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VII, No. 13. 
Washington. United States National Museum, — Bulletin, No. 43. 

Books and Pamphlets, 

presented by the Authors, Translators, S^^c. 

Lyman, B. S. The Change from Surd to Sonant in Japanese Compounds. 
8vo. Philadelphia, 1894. 

Some New Red Horizons. 8vo. Philodelphia, 1894. 



MiTRA, Sarat Chandra. Further Notes on the Chowk Chanda, and the 

Panchami Vrata. 8vo. Bombay, 1894. 
— — . On the Ceremonies performed by the Kabirpanthi Mahants 

of the Saran District, on their Initiation as Chehis and on their 

succession to the Mahantship. 8vo. Bombay, 1894. 
PiETTE, Ed. L' E'poque Eburneenne et les Races Humaines de la periode 

Glyptique. 8vo. Sanit-Quentin, 1894. 
Wood-Mason, J. and Alcock, A. On the Results of Deep-Sea Dredging 

during the season 1890-91. (Natural History Notes from H. M. 

Indian Marine Survey Steamer " Investigator," Commander R. F. 

Hoskyn, R. N. commanding. Sex'ies II, No. 1.) 8vo. London, 

1891-94. 

M.ISCELLANEOUS PRESENTATIONS. 

Needham, J. F. Outline Grammar of the Khamto Language. Syo. 

Rangoon, 1894. 

Chief Commissioner of Assam. 
Report on the Judicial Administration (Civil) of the Central Provinces 

for the year 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 



114 Library. [Aua. 

Returns of tlie Rail-Borne Traffic of the Central Provinces during the 
quarter ending 3Ist March 1894. Fcp. Nagpur, 189i. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
McCuLLOCH, R. W. Rice Growing and its preparation for Market. 
8vo. Brisbane, 1894. 

Department op Agriculture, Brisbane. 
Administration Report on the Jails of Bengal for the year 1893. By 

Surgeon-Major D. W. D. Comius. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Annual Report on Emigration from the Port of Calcutta to British and 

Foreign Colonies, 1893. By R. Macleod. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Annual Report on Inland Emigration for the year 1893. J^y R. 

Macleod. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on the Calcutta Medical Institutions for the year 1893. By 
Sui^geon- Colonel R. Harvey. Fcj). Calcutra, 1894. 

Government of Bengal. 
Christy, Miller. The Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe and Captain 
Thomas James, in search of a North- West Passage in 1631-32, 
Vols. I and II. 8vo. London, 1894, 
The Indian Antiquary for December 1893, Part II, and April 1894. 

4to. Bombay, 1894. 
■North Indian Notes and Queries for May 1894. 4to. Allahabad, 1894. 

Government of India, Home Department. 
Handbooks of Commercial Products. No. 23, Silk. 8vo. Calcutta, 
1893. 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Dept. 
Settlement Report of the Amballa District, 1893. By A. Kensington. 

Fcp. Lahore, 1893. 
Settlement Report of Karnal- Ambala. By J. M. Douie. Fcp. Lahore, 
1891. 

Government op the Punjab. 
A Guide to the Zoological Collections exhibited in the Invertebrate 
Gallery of the Indian Museum. 8vo, Calcutta, 1894. 

Indian Museum. 
Kruyt, Alb. C. Woordenlijst van De Baree, — Taal. 8vo. The Hague, 
1894. 
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Taal,- Land-en Volkenkundb 

van Nederlandsch-Indie. 
Credner, H. Zur Histologic der Faltenziilme Paliiozoischer Stego- 

cephalen. 4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
Delitzsch, Friedrich. Beitrage zur Eutzifferung und Erkliirung der 

Kappadokischen Keilschrifttafeln. 4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
Fischer, Otto. Die Arbeit der Muskeln und die Lebendige Kraft des 
Menschlichen Korpers. 4to. Leipzig, 1893. 



189-i.] Library. 115 

HuLTScn, Frtedricit. Die Erziililondcn Zoitfovnion bci Pol^'bios eiu 

beifcrag zur Syutax cler Gemcingx'iecliisclicn Spraclie. 4to. Leipzig, 

1893. 
Ilberg, Johannes. Das Hippokrates-Glossar des Erotianos und Sciuc 

Urspi'iitigliche Gestalt. 4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
Meister, Richard. Die Mimiamben des Herodas, herausgegeben und 

erklart mit einem auhang iiber den dicbter, die iiberlieferung und 

den dialekt. 4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
Pfeffer, W. Druck-und Arbeitsleistaug durcb Wacbsende Pflanzeu 

4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
SociN, Albert. Zum Arabiscben Dialekt von Marokko. 4to. Leipzig 

1893. 
Study, E. Spbilriscbe Trigonometrie, Orfcbogonale Substitutionen und 

Elliptisciie Functionen, eine aualytiscb-geometriscbe untersucbung 

4to. Leipzig, 1893. 
Der Konigl. Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 

Leipzig. 
Administration Report of tbe Marine Survey of India for tbe official 

year 1893-94. 

Marine Survey of India, Poona. 
Memorandum on tbe snowfall in tbe mountain districts bordering 

Nortbern India and tbe abnormal features of tbe weatber in India 

during tbe past five montbs, witb a forecast of tbe probable cbaracter 

of tbe soutb-west monsoon rains of 1894. Fcp. Simla, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter to the Government of India. 
Annual Report of tbe Board of Regents of tbe Smitbsonian Institution 

for tbe year ending June 30tb, 1891. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 

Periodicals Purchased. 

Calcutta. Indian Medical Gazette,— Vol. XXIX, No. 7. 

Geneva. Ai'cbives des Sciences Pbysiques et Naturelles, — Tome XXXI, 

No. 6. 
Leipzig. Annalen der Pbysik und Cbemie, — Band LII, Heft 4. 
London. Tbe Cbemical News,— Vols. LXIX, Nos. 1804 and 1805 ; LXX, 

1806 and 1807. 

■. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 20. 

Paris. Revue Scientifique, — Tome I (4^ Serie), Nos. 25 et 26 ; II, 1 et 2- 



NEW Y 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL 

For November, 1894. 



-oCi5^;^Oo- 



The Montlily General Meeting o£ the Asiatic Society of Beii^al 
was held on Wednesday, the 7th November, 189-i, at 9 p. m. 

Surgeon-Captain A. W. Alcock, C. M. Z. S., in the chair. 

The following members were pi'esent : — 

D. Ernst, Esq., C. L. Griesbach, Esq., Babu Sarat C]iandra Laliary, 
J. Mann. Esq., L. de Niceville, Esq., Dr. F. Noetling, C. R. Wilson, Esq. 
Visitor: — W. Hamilton Hunter, Esq. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

One hundred nnd five presentations were announced, details of which 
are given in the Library List appended. 

The Secretary reported that the following gentlciuen liad ])een 
elected Ordinary Members of the Society, during tlie recess, in accordance 
with rule 7. 

l)i". George Ranking. 

Henry ISTelson Wright, Esq. 

Babu Sivnai'ayau Mukei'jee. 

Babu Nagendra Natha. Basu. 

Moulvie Abdul Wali. 

J. G. Woodroffe, Esq. 

Surgeon-Captain William V ost. 



/(r^i-Zp- 



118 Shasti'i, H. P. — Avcieut Bengali Literature. [Nov. 

The following gentleman is a candidate for election at the next 
meeting : — 

Frank Finn, Esq., B.A., proposed by Surgeon-Captain A. W. 
Alcock, seconded by A. Pedler, Esq. 

The following gentleman has expi-essed a wish to withdraw 
from the Society : — 

Count H. Condenhuve. 

The SfX'RETAry reported the death of the following members : — 

Professor William Dwright Whitney (Honorary jMember). 

Babu Gyandra N;ith Chaiulhury, ) ^r\ t -^r i \ 

TTT Ti,r X 1 11 (Ordinary Members). 

W. M. Osmond, Esq. ) ^ '' ^ 

The Secketaey read a Circular from the Royal Society of New 
South Wales, enumerating prizes to be given for original researches 
on certain subjects connected with Australia. This can be seeii in 
the Society's Office. 

The following papers were read : — 

1. The Topograplitj of the Arabian Sea in the neighbourhood of the 
Laccadive Islands. — Bg Commander C. F. Oldham, R. N. Communicated 
by the Natural History Secretary. 

2. The Physical features of some of the Laccadive Islands, ivith some 
suggestions as to their mode of formation. — By Commander C. F. Oldham, 
R. N. Communicated by the Natiiral History Secretary. 

3. An Accotmt of the Shore and ShaJloiv-water Brachyura collected 
on board H. M. Survey Steamer, "Investigator," during 1893-94. — By 
A. Alcock, Esq., M.B., C.M.Z.S., and A. R. Axdei!SOX, Esq., B.A., M.B. 

4. On a Neio Species of Flying Lizard from Assam. — By A. 
Alcock, Esq., M.B., C.M.Z.S. 

The papers will be published in the Journal, Part II. 

5. Ancient Bengali Literature under Muhammadan Patronage. — By 
Pandit Hara Prasad Shastri, M.A. 

Ala-Uddin Husain Shah was one of the greatest Sovereigns of 
Bengal. He rose from the humble position of a menial servant to a 
Kayastha officer, of the later Illias Shuhi Dynasty of Bengal. It is said 
that his Master, Subuddhi Khan, did not scruple even to beat his 
humble Muhammadan Servant. The secret of Husain's success ap- 
pears to have been his conciliatory policy towards the Hindus. He gave 
high offices under the State to learned Brahmans and shrewd Kayas- 
thas. Rup and Sanaton were his ministers. Hir-anya and Gobardhan 
held under him the Viceroyalty of the whole of Satgaon. Tlie family 



]894.] .Sliastri, H. P. — A^in'mt BfiigaJ! TAfemfnre. 119 

of Narottom Das I'ose to eminence during Lis I'eign. He tolerated tlie 
Hindu religion. Chaitanyaism flourished and s])read during his time. 
Sanskrit learning rcvivtMl during the prosperous period of Ihe rule 
of his dynasty. 

Following the example of their Noble Master, the Provincial 
Governors and Cicnei'als also assumed a conciliatory policy towards 
their Hindu subjects. This enabled Husain to make extensive conquests 
in every direction. He conquered a portion of Tripura, and the greater 
part of Chattagriim. He destroyed the powei'ful dynasty of Kamtapur, 
in the north, and led several expeditions against the King of Orissa. 
He afforded an asylum to the last fugitive King of Jaunpur, and thei'cby 
risked the displeasure of the powerful Lodi King of Delhi. All this 
he was enabled to do because the Hindus were friendly towards him, 
and he had nothing to fear at home. 

One of the means by which he and his Generals conciliated the 
Hindus, was the encouragement of their Vernacular literature. Before 
Husain's time the Bengalis ]KJSsessed a Vernacular literature. The Ra- 
niayana had been translated by Kirttivasa and the Bhagavat by Gunarfij 
Khan. There Avere innumei-able popular versions of the stories of j\Ia- 
nasa, Mangalcandl, and Dharmaraj. The Manasa Mangal, by Bipra 
Das, was composed in 1495. But it appeai-s that as yet the Mahfdjharat 
had not been ti'anslated. It was a great desideratum. Popular 
Hinduism can scarcel}' do without a Bengali version of the Mahabharat, 
and a Muhammadan General of Husain Shah undertook to have it 
translated under his own partronage. His name was Paragol Khan. 
I do not know how the name will spell in Persian. Paragol was the 
Laskar or General of Husain Shah, and held his Court at Chittagong. (^) 
He employed a native bard Parame^var, who was dignified with 
the title of Kaundya. ( ^) The Mahabliarat that was translated was 

* * * * tTTIJI«ii'3T«T ii^IflRT I QW W'g»r ^\K^^ ^War^ Jlfrf II 

* * Ki'm ^^ '^FT »i'?i^ffr I srrii 33^^! fsi?qr ^xf^fx ^m 11 
^■^«T fl^i^'t^ ^f?r 5^^^ I ***** w^.^^^T ^f*r II 
^r5f?j^ trttnc '^tti^ TTsj^r^t 1 leaf 1 

vTl^rq^f ^^T':*!! 1^^ ^^M'^ 1 ^r^r '^gr'^r ^\^'^ ^^=^t ^^ ii jeaf 93 
^^'c ^K^^m ^^ -^^mx. 1 ^ft?^ ^xM^r ;cf%^ ^^\T \\ jg^^f 291 



J20 Sliastri, H. P. — Ancient Bengali Literature. [Nov. 

Jaimini's and not Vaisampayana's. (8) Janamajaya seems to have 
incarrerl the wrath of a Rishi, who cursed him, and the curse produced 
leprosy. The king in distress sent for Vyasa, who ordered the king 
to hear from his pupil, Jaimini, the story of the Mahabharata. The 
interlocutors are Janamajaya and Jaimini. It is curious that the 
Jaimini Bhfirata is not to be found in its entirety in Sanskrit. (■'') The 
only Parra, that is extant, is the A^vammJlia Parva. But the Bengali 
version contains the whole of the Jaimini Bharata. From this it 
appears certain that 400 years ago, in HiTsain Shah's time, the Jaimini 
Bharata was procurable in its entirety. I have procured a copy of 
Paragol's Mahabharata, very neai-ly complete, at Komilla, from a shop- 
keeper Avho came from Chittagong. 

At the end of the ArvampcIJia Parva of this work which runs 
through 12 leaves only, there is a curious passage (^) to the effect that 
Paragol's son, Chuti Khan, had ordered ^'rikar ISTandi, another poet, to 
give a full account of the wars described in that Parva. This stimu- 
lated my travelling Pundit Binod Vihari Kavyatirtha to see if Chuti 
Khan's A9vamedha Parva was procurable. After a diligent search in 
Tripura during the last rainy season his exertions were rewarded with 
marked success. He found in the collection of Babu Anukul Chandra 
Ray, a landlu:)lder in the vicinity of Komilla, a copy of Chuti Khan's 
work, complete in 87 leaves. He has brought a complete notice of the 
work, from which it appears that Chuti Khan was as great a pati^on of 

(3j m^^fii 5TW fjT^ f^^ ti'^r wt^ I ^f^ ^'jr ^f^T^r ijir ^R^r^ i 

^ wf^^T ^f^ * * * * ^jfi^Tsr 1 sT^gfiT ^^^ ^??r r.m\ fk^w^ ii leaf 3 
^s^^fsr ^^^ % ajsi 5T5j?5T?? I ^TfH:q5| ^r^^r?^ ^sr^ f*T^^ ii leaf 22 

(*) See Notices of Sanskrit Mss. by Raja Rajendralal Mitra vol 

vi page 2 1 9. 

(f-) ^^^ ^rrrJi^ ^]^t rfsr^ i 3ji^»7T ^i^ ^?tt 'j^'? "^v ii 

^^x 5f=ft5: ^% ^f^^T '(tsrtfrr i sr^^jfef ^f^#^ wt^^^ ^srr ii leaf 304 

5jfsT^ V^jXriK^ jffJiST^ ^^X, Ijfsr ^[€t Sflf?^ #9^?7 II 

^^^ % w^\ m\ff^ ^'rq??^ m^«:r5r, ^^^nr ^^i^x ^^ ii 

?rrfl^ fs?^'»C ^f« 'It^'t ^^q ^f^, ^ix^fT * * WHiTW ll leaf 307 



3894.] Slinsfri, H. P. — A^in't-nf Briujali TAterafnre. Vl\ 

Bengali literature as his father. After the usual benedictory verses, 
the work gives some account of Nasi'at Shah, the son of Husain Shah, 
the Sultan of Bengal. C-huti Klian was a general of Nusrat Shah. 
He invested Tripura and (compelled its King to abandon his capital in 
the plains and to retire to the hills and there found a new city, perhaps, 
[Jdayapura. 

Chuti Khan loved his father tenderly, and received from the Sultan 
many marks of distinction. His fathei-'s Jagir was Charlol a little 
to the North of Chittagong, in the beautiful Mount Candra Cekhara. 
The land was surroiinded on all sides by the river Fani. C^) 

As already mentioned, the poet who wiote the A^vamedha Parva, 
under the patronage of Chuti Khan, was ^'rikar Nandl or prikaran 
Nandi. Q) He treats his work as a supplement to the greater work 
of Kavindra Paramesvara. The language of the woi-k is A'ery g-ood 
Bengali. There is no pedantic use of Sanskrit words, and is completely 
free fi/om Persian influence. There are, indeed, such forms as ^frf'ff, 
f^^f^rr, g^ ^T^IT, &c., the old Pali and Pniknt forms which have 
not yet been eliminated from the lang'uage A study of these works is 
likely to remove that misapprehension about the povei'ty of the Bengali 
language, which has induced some of the Bengali wi'iters to coin new 
words, and to make the modern Bengali style jar in the ears of the 
Bengali public. 

^"^fff ^t«r 'Ji^T % * f^m^frT I ^r^^r^r ^tsh^ ^l^2f ^^^^ \\ 

T^trt srm sjft ^ ^fe<T '^if'^^K I ^^fk% fT^rfjif^ ^t^ srif? fjiT ii 
f^5^ ^qfcT Wi'f: ^K 'f ^7T 1 xf^ff 7\w^ fum ^f^^ ^^ir II 

C) The Coloplion of Chuti Khan's work has this : — 

^^p: ^rniT^ ^\^K ffST^ I Wi^% f^5T^ wt\ ?3r^ ^^tvt^ ii 

^ST^ST VIT^^?: ^frsjT 'JHI^TST I 'Clf^f^^ *TT^^^ ^m '5Ef^^[5r Ii 
^^%^ '^^^fq^??! '^T^fq-rT *Tir I ^jft "^T^ ff9 5'sq^f?^m II 



122 Library. [Nov. 

The Codex belonging to Babn Aniikul Chandra Ray was copied on 
the 24!th of ^'raban, in the 1585th year of the ^aka era, that is, 233 years 
from tliis date. 



LlBR,AF\Y. 

The following additions have been made to the Library since the 
Meeting held in August last : — 

Tf^ANSACTIONS, |-'f^CEEDINGS, AND JoUI^ALS, 

j)resented by the respective Societies and Editors. 
Baltimore. Johns Hopkins University, — Circulars, Vol. XIII, Nos. 113 

and 114. 
Batavia. Bataviaasch Genoot.schap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 

— Tijdschiift voor Indische Tiial,-Land-eu Volkenkunde, Ueel 

XXXVII, Afleveiing 5; XXXVIII, 1-2. 
Berlin. Der Gesellschaft ISTaturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, — Sit- 

zungs-beviclite, 1893. 
Bombay. Anthropological Society of Bombay, — Journal, Vols, II, 

Nos. 2-4, 6, 8 ; III, 1-5. 
■ . Bombiiy Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, — Journal, Vol. 

XVIII, No. 99A. 

The Indian Antiquary,— Vol. XXIII, Nos. 286-90. 



Buenos Aires. La Academia Nacional de Ciencias en Cordoba, — 

Boletin, Tome XII, Nos. 2 et 3. 
Brussels. La Societe Entomologique de Belgique, — Annales, Tome 

XXXVII. 
Caen. La Societe Liuneenne de Normandie, — Memoires, Tome XVIII. 
Calcutta. Asiatic Society of Bengal, — Journal, Parts I, No. 3, 1894; 

II, No. 3, 1894. 

. . Proceedings, No. 8, 1894. 

. Geological Survey of India, — Records, Vol. XXVII, Part 3. 

• . Indian Engineering, — Vol. XVI, Nos. 5-18; and Index to 

Vol. XV. 

. Maha-Bodhi Society, — Journal, Vol. Ill, Nos. 4-6. 

. The Medical Reporter, — Vol. IV, Nos. 3-9. 

. Photographic Society of India, — Journal, Vol. VII, Nos. 8, 



10, 11. 
Chicago, 111. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, — Vol. 
XVI, No. 4. 



189-i.] Library. 123 

Dublin. Royal Dublin Society, — Scientific Proceedings, Vols. V'll, 

Parts 6; Vlli, I and 2. 
. . Scientific Transactions, Vols. IV (2'"' Series), Nos. 

U ; V, 1-4. 
. Royal Irish Academy, — Proceedings, Vol. Ill (3'"'^' Series), 



No. 2. 
— '. . Transactions, Vol. XXX, Paits 11 and 12. 



Edinburgh. Royal Physical Society, — Proceedings, 1892-93 and 

1&9;^94<. 
Floi'ence. La Socicta Italiana di Antro[iologia, Etnologia e Psicologia 

Comparata, — Arehivio per L'Antropologia e la Etnologia, Tome 

XXIII, No. 3. 
. La Societa Africana d' Italia, — Bullettino della Sezione Floi-en- 

tina, Tonie II (serie secouda), Nos. 1 et 2. 
Frankfurt, A. M. Der Senckenbei-gischeii Naturforschendeu Gesellscliaft, 

— Abhandlungen, Band XV^III, Heft 2. 

. . Bericht, 1894. 

. A. O. Des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins des Reo--Bez 



Frankfurt, — Helios, Jahrg XII, Nrn. 1-6. 
. . Societatum Litterae, Jahrg VIII, Nrn. 4-9. 



Graz. Des Naturwissenscliaftlichen Vereines fiir Steiermark, — Mit- 

theilungen, 1893. 
Halle. Der Kaiserlichen Leopoldino-Carolinischen Deutschen Akadeniie 

der Natuvforscher, — Leopoldina, XXVIII und XXIX. 

. . Nova Acta, Bnnd LVII— LX. 

Hamburg. Naturhistorischen j\Iuseum in Hamburg, — Mitteiluugen, 

Jahrg. XI. 
. Natuinvissenschaftlichen Verenis in Hamburg, — Verhand- 

lungen, 1893. 
Havre. Societe de Geograpliie Commerciale du Havre, — Bulletin, 

Juillet — Aout, 1894. 
Helsingfors. Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, — Acta, Tome V, 

Nos. 1 et 2 ; VI et VII. 

. . Meddelanden, Tome XVI et XVII. 

. La Societe des Sciences de Finlande, — Oliservations publiees 

par L'Institut Meteorologique Central, Tome VI-VIII, XI. 
. — ■ Observations Meteorologique publiees par L'Institut 

Meteorologique Central, 1881-82, 1883-84, 1885-86, 18s7-8s. 
Leipzig. Der Deutschen Moigenliindischen Gesellschaft, — Zeitschiift, 

Band XLVIII, Heft 2. 
London. The Academy, — Nos. 11.59-72. 
. . Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and li eland, — 

JounuU. Vol. XXIV. No. 1. 



124 Lihrary. [NoT. 

London. The Athenaauiri, — Nos. 3482-95. 

. Geological Society, — Quarteriy Journal, Vol. L, Part 3. 

. Institution of Electrical Engineei'S, — Journal, Vol. XXIII, 

No. 113. 

. Nature,- Vol. L, Nos. 1288-96. 

— . Roynl Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, — Journal, 

Vol. XXVI, No. 3. 
. Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol. LIV, 

No. 8. 
. Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol, IV, 

Nos. 2-4. 

. Royal Microscopical Society, — Journal, Part 2, 1894. 

. Royal Society, — Philosophical Transactions, Vols. CLXXXIV 

A and B. 

. .. . Proceedings, Vol. LV, No. 333, and List of Mem- 
bers to 30th November, 1893. 

. , Zoological Society, — Proceedings, Parts 2 and 3, 1894. 

. . . Transactions, Vol. XITI, Part 9. 



Munich. Der Koniglieh Bayerischen Akademie der "Wessenschaften, — 

Abhundlungen, CI. I, Band XX, Heft 1 ; II, XVIII, 2 ; III, XX, 3. 

_. . . Sitzungsberichte, Band II, Heft 1-3 ; Heft 3, 1893. 

Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, Nos. 8-10. 

Nantes. La Societe des Sciences Naturelles de L'Ouest de la France, — 

Bulletin, Tome IV, No. 1. 
Pi-ao-ue. K. K. Sternwarte zu Prag, — Magnetische und Meteorologis- 

che Heobachtungen, Jalirg. LIV. 
Paris. Musee Guimet, — Revue de L'Histoire des Relit,aons, No. 1, 1894. 
___— . La Societe d'Anthropologie de Lyon, — Bulletin, Tome XII. 
La Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris, — Bulletin, IV*^ Serie, 

Tome IV, Nos 11 et J2; V, 1. 

. . Memoires, Tome I (3« Serie), No. 3. 

_._ Societe de Geographie, — Compte Rendu de Seance, No. 14, 

1894. 
,_^ gQpi^t^ Philomathique de Paris, — Bulletin, Tome VI, No. 2. 

. . Comptes-Rendus Sommaire des Seances, Nos. 11, 18, 

19, 1894. 
Pliiladelphia. American Academy of Political and Social Science, — 

Annals, Vol, V, No. 2, and Supplement to Vol. V, Nos. 1 and 2. 
Rome. L' Oiiente, — Anno I, No. 3. 
La Societa Degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, — Memorie, Tome 

XXIII, No. 6. 



1894.] Library. 125 

St. Petersburgh. L'Academie Imperiale des Sciences do St. Pcters- 

bourg, — Momoires, Tome XLI, Nos. 2-5. 

. La Societe Iin])erinlo Kusee de Gengi'a[)lii(', — Journal, 1893. 

■ . . Proceedings, Tome XXX, No. 2. 

Stockhobn. L'Academie Royale des Sciences de Suede, — Observations 

Meteoi'ologiquc'S Suedoises, 1889. 
■ Kongl. Vetenskaps Akademiens, — Ofversigt, Band L. 

Sydney. Liiinean Society of New Sontli Wales, — Proceedings, 2'"^ 

Series, Vol. IX, Part 1. 
Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VII, Nos. 14-18, 20, 

22-24. 
Tokio. Dcutscben Gescllscbaft filr Natilr-und Volkerkunde Ostasiens 

in Tokio, — Mittbeilungen, Band VI, Heft 54; uud Sujiplement, 

Heft I. 
. Imperial University of .Japan, — Journal of tbe College of 

Science, Vols. VI, Parts 4 ; VII, 1. 
Tring. Novitatcs Zoologicae, — Vol. I, Nos. 3 and 4. 
Turin. La R. Accademia della Scienze di Torino, — Atti, Tome XXIX, 

Nos. 11-15. 
Vienna. Der Kaiserliclien Akademie der Wissenscbaften, — Almanacb 

1893. 
. . Arcbiv fiir osterreicliiscbe Gescbicbte, Band 

LXXVIII, Heft 2; LXXIX, 1, 2 ; LXXX, 1. 

. . Uenkscbriften, Pliil-bist CI., Band XLII. 

. . Sitzungsbei'icbte, Matb-Naturw CI., Abtbeilung I, 

Band CII, Heft 1-7; II A, ClI, 1-7; II B, CII, 1-7; III, CII, 1-7, 

. . . Pbil-Hist. CL, Band CXXIX. 

. Der Antbropologiscben Gesellscbaft in Wien, — Mittbeilungen, 

. Band XXIV, Heft 3 und 4. 
. Der K. K. Geologiscben Reicbsanstalt, — Verbandlungeu, 

Nrn. 5-9. 
. Des K. K. Natui'bistoriscben Hof.-Museums, — Annalcn, Band 



VIII, Nrn. 3 und 4. 

Zoologiscb-Botauiscben Gesellscbaft in Wien, — Verbandlun- 



geu, Band XLIV, Heft 1. 
Wellington. New Zealand Institute, — Transactions and Proceedings, 

Vol. XXVI. 

. Polynesian Society, — Journal, Vol. Ill, No. 2. 

Yokobama. Asiatic Society of Japan, — Transactions, Vol. XXII, 

Part I. 
Ziu'icb. Der Natui-forscbenden Gesellscbaft in Zilricb,--VierteljabrS' 

scbrift, Baud XXXIX, Heft 2. 



126 Library. [Nov. 

Books and ^amphlets, 

presented by the Authors, Translators, ^"c. 

Ahrling, EwALD. Carl von Linnes Brefvexling. 8vo. Stockholm, 1885, 
Haeckel, Eenst. Bericht iiber die feier des sechzigsten geburtstagea 

von Ernst Haeckel am 17 Februar, 1894, in Jena. 4to. Jena, 1894. 
NiSBBT, John. On the selection of species of Trees for Woodland 

Crops. 8vo. London, 1898. 
PiLLAi, P. SuNDARAM. Some early Sovereigns of Travancore. 8vo. 

Madras, 1894. 
Rat, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

Prose, Parts 90 and 91. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Sandberg, GtRAHAM. Hand-bouk of colloquial Tibetan : — A Practical 

Guide to the language of Central Tibet. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Sanjana, Peshotan Dastur Behramjee. The Dinkard, Vol. VII. 8vo. 

Bombay, 1894. 
Weber, Albr. Vedische Beitrage. 8vo. Berlin, 1894, 

jVLlSCELLANEOUS PRESENTATIONS. 

Catalogue des Livres publies par L'Academie Imperiale des Sciences 
Parts I-II. 8vo. St. Petersburgb, 1888-91. 

L'AcademIe Imperiale des Sciences, St. Petersburgh. 
RuDiNGER, N. Ueber die Wege und Ziele der Hirnforschung. 4to. 
Munich, 1893. 

Der K. B. Akademie der Wis.senschaften zu Munchen. 
Annual Report of the Trustees of the Australian Museum, New South 
Wales, for the year 1893. Fcp. Sydney, 1894. 

Australian Museum, New South Wales. 
Chijs, J. A. Van der. Nederlandsch-Iudisch Plakaatboek, 1602-1811. 
8vo. Batavia, 1894. 

Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. 
Catalogue of the Birds in the British Mu.seu.m, London, Vol. XXIII. 

8vo. London, 1894. 
Catalogue of the Mesozoic Plants in the British Museum, London, 

Part I. 8vo. London, 1894. 
A Monograph of Lichens found in Britain: being a descriptive Catalogue 
of the species in the Herbarium of the British Museum, London, 
Part I. 8vo. London, 1894. 

British Museum, London. 
Notes on the Annual Statements of the Registration Department of 
the Ceati-al Provinces for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 



1894.] Library. 127 

Notes on the Annual Statements of Vaccine Operations in the Central 

Provinces for the year 1893-9 k Fop. Nagpur, 1894. 
Report of the Department of Land Records and Agx-iculture of the 

Central Provinces for the year 1892-93. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Report on the Jails of the Central Provinces for the year 1893. Fcp. 

Nagpur, 1894. 
Report on the Judicial Administration (Criminal) of the Central 

Provinces for the year 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Report on tlie Police Administration of the Central Provinces for tlie 

year 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Report of the Sanitary Commissioner of the Central Provinces for the 

year 1893. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Resolution on the Revenue Administration of the Central Provinces 

for the year 1892-93, Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
Walton, Alice. The Cult of Asklepios. 8vo. Ithaca, 1894. 

Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Report on the Progress and Condition of the Government Botanical 

Grardens, Saharanpur and Mussoorie, for the year ending 31st 

March, 1894. Fcp. Allahabad, 1894. 

Government Botanical Gardens, Saharanpur. 
Administration Report of the Madras Government Museum for the year 

1893-94. Fcp. Madras, 1894. 
Thurston, Edgar. Coins, Catalogue No. 2. Roman, Indo-Portuguese 

and Ceylon. 8vo. Madras, 1894. 
Thurston, Edgar. Note on Tours along the Malabar Coast. 8vo. 

Madras, 1894. 
Thurston, Edgar. Pearl and Chank Fisheines of the Gulf of Manaar. 

Svo. Madras, 1894. 

Government Central Museum, Madras. 
Report on the Government Horticultural Gardens, Lucknow, for the 

year ending 31st March 1894. Fcp. Lucknow, 1804. 

Government Horticultural Gardens, Lucknow. 
Annotated Returns of the Charitable Dispensaries in Bengal for the 

year 1893. 
Annual Report on the Police Administrations of the Town of Calcutta 

and its Suburbs for the year 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Annual Report of the Sanitary Commissioner for Bengal, 1893. Fcp. 

Calcutta, 1894. 
Annual Statistical Returns and Short Notes on Vaccination in Bengal 

for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 



128 Library. [Nov. 

Hampsen, G. F. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and 

Burma. Edited by W. T. Blauford. Moths. Vol. II. 8vo. Loudon, 

1894. 
Hunter, Sir William Wilson. Bengal MS. Records, Vols. I-IV. 

8vo. London, 1894. 
Notes on the Administration of the Registration Dejiartment in Bengal 

for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on tlie Administration of the Customs Department in the 

Bengal Presidency for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on tlie Administration of the Police of the Lower Provinces, 

Bengal Presidency for the year 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report of the Alipore and Hazarihagh Reformatory Schools for the 

year 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on the External Trade of Bengal with Nepal, Tibet, Sikkim 

and Bhutan for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on the Land Revenue Administration of the Lower Provinces 

for the year 1893-94. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on Publications issued and registered in the several Provinces 

of British India during tlie year 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Returns of the Rail and River-borne Trade of Bengal during the 

quarter ending the 31st March 1894. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 

Government of Bengal. 
The Indian Antiquary, Vol. XXIII, Parts 280-290. 4to. Bombay, 1894. 
Mafkham, Clements R. The Letters of Amerigo Vespucci, and other 

documents illustrative of his career. 8vo. London, 1894. 
North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vol. IV, Nos. 3 and 4. 4to. Alla- 
habad, 1894. 
Report on Publications issued and registered in the several Provinces 

of British India during the year 1893. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 
Sandberg, Graham. Manual of the Sikkim-Bhutia language or De- 

jong Ke. Bvo. Calcutta, 1888. 

Government op India, Home Department. 
Epigraphia Indica, Vol. Ill, Parts 3 and 4. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Department. 
Annual Report of the Arclifeological Survey of Southern India for 

1893-94. Fcp. Madras, 1894. 

Government op Madras. 
Dubois, Eug. Pithecanthropus Erectus. Eine Menschenaehnliche 

Uebergangsform aus Java. 4to. Batavia, 1894. 

Government of Netherlands India. 
Fi lal Report on the Pevision of Settlement of the Amritsar District 

in the Punjab, 1888-93. Fcp. Lahore, 1893. 
Final Report on the Revision of Settlement of the Gujrat District, 1893. 

Fcp. Lahore, 1893. 



J894.] Lilrnrij. 129 

Final Report on the Revision of the Settlement of the Lahore District, 

1893. Fcp. Lahoi'o, 1894.. 
Gazetteer of the Gnji-at District, 1892-93. 8to. Lahore, 1894. 
Report of the JJevised Settlement of the Hissar District, 1887-92. 

Fcp. Lahore, 1892. . 
Report on the Simitary Administration of the Punjab for the year 1893. 

Fcp. Lahore, 1894. 
Report on Vat-cination in the Punjab for the year 1893-94. Fcp. 
Lahore, 1894. 

Government op the Punjab. 
Maximowicz, C. J. Insuiit stirpes cpiaedam nuper in Japonia detectae. 
8vo. St. Petersburgli, 1893. 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, St. Peierskurgh. 
The Indian Journal of Itlducatiou for July to October, 1894. 8vo. 
Madias, 1894. 

V. Kalyanaram Iyer, Esq. 
Grulich, Oscar. Katalog der Bibliothek der Kaiserliclien Leopoldinisch- 
Caroliuischen Deutscben Akademie der Naturforscher, Heft 4. 8vo. 
Halle, 1893. 

Kaiserlichen Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Deutschen 

Akademie der Naturforscher, Halle. 
Meyer, Dr. A. B. Die Philippinen. II Negritos. Fol. Dresden, 1893. 

KoNior.iciiES Ktiinographisches Museum zu Dresden. 
Hankel, W. G. and Lindenberg, H. Elektrische Uutersuchungen. 

Zwanzigste Abhandluug. 8vo. Leipzig, 1894. 
Heinze, Max. Vorlesungen Kants Uber Metaphysik aus drei Semes- 
tern. 8vo. Leipzig, 1894. 

Der Konigl. Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissexschaften, 

Leipzig. 
The India Weather Review for the year 1893. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Monthly Weather Review for March to May, 1894. 4to. Calcutta, 

1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Lucknow, 
Lahoi-e, Nagpur, Bombay and Madras, for March to .May, 1894. 
4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report on the Administration of the Meteorological Department of 
the Government of India in 1893-94. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter to the Government of India. 
Bulletin of the Microscopical Society of Calcutta, Vol. Ill, Nos. 6-7 
8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

Microscopical Society of Calcutta. 



130 Lihrm-y. [Nov. 

Centenaire de la Fcnidation dii Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 
]Oth Juiu, 1793 — 10th Juiu, 1893. 4to. Paris, 1893. 

Mdseum d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 
Oriental Studies. A selection of the paj^ers read before the Oriental 
Club of Philadelphia, 1888-94. 8vo. Boston, 1894. 

Oriental Club of Philadelphia. 
Catalogue of Notices to Mariners issued during the year 1893. 8vo. 
Calcutta, i894. 

Port Officer, Calcutta. 
Annual Report of the Provincial Museum Committee, Lucknow, for 
the year 1894. Fcp. Lucknow, 1894. 

Provincial Museum, Lucknow. 
Results of Meteorological Observations of the Royal Alfred Observa- 
tory, Mauritius, for the year 1893. Fcp. Mauritius, 1893. 

Royal Alfreb Observatory, Mauritius. 
Results of the Magnetical and Meteorological Observations, made at the 
Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in the year J 891. 4to. Loudon, 
1893. 

Royal Observatory, Greenwich. 
Catalogue of Scientific Papers, compiled by the Royal Society of 
London, Vol. X. 4to. London, 1894. 

Royal Society of London. 
Simmons, Orville L. Development of the Lungs of Spiders. 8vo. 
Massachusetts, U. S. A., 1894. 

Tufts College, Massachusetts, U. S. A, 
Catalogue of the Sanskrit Manuscripts in the Library of His Highness 
the Maharaja of Ulwar. 4to. Bombay. 1892. 

Ulwar Library. 
Pollock, Sir Frederick. The Law of Fraud, misrepresentation and 
mistake in British India, 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

University of Calcutta. 
Report of the Library Syndicate of the Cambridge University for the 
year ending December 3 1st, 1893. 4to. Cambridge, 1894. 

University of Cambridge. 
Life of William Dwight Whitney (Reprinted from The Nation of New 
York, June 14th, 1894.). 8vo. New York, 1894. 

Mrs. Whitney. 
Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University deceased during the 

year ending in June, 1894. 8vo. 1894. 
Report presented by the Board of Managers of the Observatory of Yale 

University for the year 1883-84. 8vo. 1894. 
Wylie, Laura Johnson. Studies in the Evolution of English Criticism. 

8vo. Boston, 1894. 

Yale University. 



1894.] Lihmry. 131 

Periodicals j^urchased. 

Allahabad, North Indian Notes and Queries,— Vol. IV, No. 3. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteraturzeitung-, — Band XV, Nrn. 7; XVI, J5-23. 

. Orientalische Bihliog-iaphie, — Band VII, Heft 1. 

. Zeitschrift fur Ethnolugie, — Heft 1, 1894. 

Braunschweig. Jahiesbericht iiber die Fortschritte der Cheraie und 

verwandter Theile anderer Wissenschaften, — Heft 4, 1889. 
Calcatta. The Calcutta Review,— Vol. XCIX, No. 108. 

. Indian Medical Gazette,— Vol. XXIX, Nos. 8-10. 

Cassel. Botanisches Centralblatt, — Band LVII, Nrn. 8; LVIII, 

2-11. 
Geneva. Ai-chives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, — Tome 

XXXII, Nos. 7-9. 
Gottingen. Der Konigl. Gcsellschaft der Wissenschaften,— Gotting- 
ische gelehrte Anzeigen, Nrn. 4-6, 1894. 

. . Nachrichten, Nr. 1, 1894. 

Leipzig. Annalen der Phjsik und Chemie, — Ni'u. 9-10, 1894. 

. . Beiblatter, No.s. 7-9, 189i. 

Loudon. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, — Vol. XIII 
(6th Series), Nos. 77 and 78. 

. The Chemical News,— Vol. LXX, Nos. 1808-20. 

. The Entomologist,— Vol. XXVII, Nos 372 and 373. 

. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. V (2"^^ Series), 

Nos. 53 and 54. 

. The Journal of Botany, — Vol. XXXII, Nos. 377 and 378. 

. The Loudon, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine 

and Journal of Science, — Vol. XXXVII (5th Series), Nos. 228 
and 229. 

. The Messenger of Mathematics, — Vol. XXIII (New Series), 

Nos. 7-10. 

. The Numismatic Chronicle, — Pnrt I, 1894. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, Nos. 2J-23. 

. The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, — Vol. 

XXXVI (New Series), Parts 1 and 2. 
. The Quarterly Journal of pure and applied Mathematics, — 



Vol. XXVII, No. 105. 

Rhopalocera E.\otica, — Pait 28, 1894. 



New Haven. The American Journal of Science, — Vol. XLVTI (3'''^ 

Series), Nos. 281 and 2b2. 
Paris. L' Academie des Sciences, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Tome 

CXVIII, Nos. 15-22, et Tables, Tome CXVII. 



132 Library. [Nov. 1894.] 

Paris, Aunales cle Cliimie et de Physique, — Tome II, Mai et Juin, 

1894. 
■ . Eevue Critique d' Histoire et de Littdrature, —Tome XXXVII, 

Nos. 15-18, 20-22. 

. Revue Scientifique, — Tome II (4« Serie), Nos. 3-16. 

Vienna. Vienna Oriental Journal, — Vol. VIII, Nos. 1-3. 

jBooKS Purchased. 

An Atlas of Ancient Egypt. 4to. London, 1894. 

Bezzenberger, Adalbi<;rt. Kleineie Scliriften von Tlieodor Beufey. 

Bandlundll. Hvo. Berlin, 1890. 
Brugmann, Karl. Grundriss der Vergleichenden Grammatik der Indo- 

Germanischen Spraclien, Baud I ; II Heft I, Heft 2 Lieferung 

1 und 2; TIT, und Indices. 8vo. Strassburg, 1886-93. 
BuRNOUP, Emile. La Bhagavad-Gita ou Le Chant du Bienheureux 

Poeme Indien. 8vo. Nancy, 1861. 
Greek Translation of the Bliagavad-Gita. 8vo. 1848. 
Hunter, Sir William Wilson. Bengal MS. Record, Vols. I-IV. 8vo. 

London, 1894. 
KiRBY, W. F. J Hiibner Exotische Schmetterlinge, Parts 4 to 6, Plates 

32-53, 55-60. Fcp. Brussels, 1891. 
Lefmann, Dr. S. Franz Bopp, sein Leben und seine Wissenschaft, I 

Halfte. 8vo. Berlin, 1891. 
Miiller's Sacred Books of the East, Vol. XLIX. 8vo. Oxford, 1894. 
Ray Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

prose. Parts 90 and 91. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Report of the Sixty-third Meeting of the British Association for the 

Advancement of Science, held at Nottingham in September 1893. 

8vo. Loudon, ]894. 
Stevenson, Robert C. Judson's Burmese-English Dictionary. 8vo. 

Rangoon, 1893. 
Taylor, J. J ; Griffith, F. Ll. The Tomb of Paheri at El Kab. 4to. 

London, 1894. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

For December, 1894. 



The Monthly General Meeting of tlie Asiatic Society of Bengal 
was held on Wednesday, the otli December, 189 i, at 9 p. m. 

De. a. F. R. Hoernle, Vice-President, in the chair. 

The following members were present: — 

Dr. A. W. Alcock, W. B. Colville, Es(|., His Grace The Most Rev. 
Dr. Paul Goethals, A. Hogg, Esq., T. H. Holland, Esq., C. Little, Esq., 
W. H. Miles, Esq., L. de Niceville, Esq., Pandit Haraprasad Shastri, 
C. R. Wilson, Esq. 

Visitors :— H. Macleod, Esq., A. Mall, Esq. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Ninety-six presentations were announced, details of which are 
given in the Library List appended. 

The following gentleman, duly proposed and seconded at the last 
meeting of the Society, was ballotted for and elected an Ordinary 
Member : — • 

Frank Finn, Esq., B. A. 

The Secretary reported the death of the following member : — 
General Robert Maclagan (Life Member). 

The Secretary reported that Surgeon-Captain W. Vost, had com- 
pounded for his subscription as non-resident member by the payment 
in a sinsrlc sum of Rs. 300. 



f.-^n-'^ 



134 H. Bevei'idge — The Khilrshkl Ja/uni-mima. [Dec. 

Mr. T. H. Holland exhibited and explained : — (1) Specimens of 
new varieties of peridotite, from the Bengal coal fields. (2) Specimens 
showing the contact Metamorphism produced in coal and sandstone 
Dy the intinsion of the above peridotites. (3) A new Meteorite. 

The following papers were read : — 

1. Further observations on the History and Coinage of the Guj^ta 
Period. — By V. A. Smith, Esq., I. C. S. 

2. On the hypothesis of the Bahylonian Origin of the so-called lunar 
zodiac. — By Dr. G. Thibaut. 

The papers will be published in the Journal, Part I. 

3. The KhurshJd Jahdn-numd, of Sayyid Ilahl BaTchsh al Husainl 
Angreza-bddl. — By H. Beyeridge, Esq., late C. S. 

(Abstract.) 

Mr. Beveridge's paper consists of an analysis and partial translation 
of the Bengal chapters of Ilahi Bakhsh of Maklah's M. S. work called 
the lOmrshid Jahau Nnma. Ilahi Bakhsh gives a detailed account of 
the antiquities of Gaur and Pandua and copies of the inscrijjtions to 
be found there. He began his book so long ago as 1853, but it has 
never been published, and so most of his inscriptions have appeared 
already in the Society's Journal, and in Raveushaw's Gaur. Five inscrip- 
tions however, appear to be new, viz., those of 711, 913, 943, 1000, and 
1059 A. H. He has also given chi'onogranis of the deaths, &c., of the 
Saints of Pandua viz., Jalalu-d-din Tabrlzl, 'AlIu-1-Haqq, and Nur 
Qutb and much curious and novel information about their shrines, &c. 
He has also described a coin of Mahniud Shah of 94-i A. H. 

Mr. Beveridge recommends that the Society should jiublish Persian 
extracts from Ilahi Bakhsh 's work, viz., pp. 4 and 5, so far as they 
describe the composition and contents of the Khur.shid Jalian NumJi, 
and pp. 145 (beginning with the account of Pandua) — 224, omitting 
the plans and certain portions. It does not appear necessary to print the 
rest of the volume except portions of pp. 246 and 28G, and the author's 
account of himself from p. 497 to the end. Mr. Beveridge has given 
translations of the important parts of the book. By referring to them 
the council will be able to judge what portions of the text should be 
printed. 

The date, 738 A. H. or 1337, given by Hah! Bakhsh for Jalfilu-d-dln's 
departure from Pandua is very interesting as it agrees with Ibu 
Batata's account. That traveller saw Jalalu-d-d!n in Sylhet or Assam 
about 740 AH., and before Jalalu-d-din had gone to the Maldives, Mr. 



1894.] Harapi'asad Castri — Tiemnanls of Bwhlhism in Bengal. loO 

Bovci'idge has also given an extract from the transhxtionsof the Boinl)ay 
Geographical Society coiiiiraiuitory of the tradition that Jalala-d-dia is 
buried iu the Maldive islands. 

Tins paper will be published in full in the Journal, Part I. 

4. Discovery of the remnants of Bnddhism in Bengal. — Bij PAxnrr 
Haraprasad ^astrT, M. a. 

Dharma-worship prevails in Westerii and Southern Bengal. Jt 
has the following noteworthy features which distinguisli it fi-oni other 
forms of Hindii worship. 

1. The name of the deity is either Dharma-raj or simply Dham- 
ma. His worship is called Dhamnia puja. 

2. His temples face either East or South. But he is often wor- 
shiped under a tree and sometimes in the open mayaddn. 

3. Where he has a permanent habitation he is represented by a 
piece of round stone with oue or two brass nails, called " top" driven 
through it. In other places he is worshiped in the form of a gJuita, or 
earthen jar, full of water. 

4. His priests are Doms, Pods, Bagdis, and men of other low 
castes. Brahmanas rarely Avorship him as Dharma. 

5. Daily worship is not insisted upon. The worship is mostly of 
a votive character. 

6. The annual festival, which is generally held on the full moon 
in the month of Vaigakha, is a time of great rejoicing for the lower 
classes, from which the higher classes generally hold aloof. 

7. The principal feature of this annual festival was the athletic 
feat of swinging on a lofty pole which was put a stop to in 1868 under 
orders of Government. 

8. At this festival a long poem is recited which goes under the 
name of Dharma niarjijal or Dhain.ma Thdhnrer (Jan. 

9. Dhamma is worshiped with mantras which ajipear to be very 
curious. 

There are reasons to think that this is a rcmnatit of Buddliism, and 
all the nine points enumerated above lead to the same conclusion. 

I. The name of the deity is Dharma-raj. This is another name 
of Buddha for the Amara Kosa says : — ^1^: %i\m W^T ■^^TT^T^^IIfT: 
Dharma is also the first of the Buddhist Triad. Buddhism was itself 
known to its followers by the name of Sad-Dharraa or simply Dhai'ma. 
Babu ^arat Candra Das quoting from an unpublished work of the Tibe- 
tan Taranath, says, that after the destruction of Higher Bnddhism by the 
Muhammadans, the popular and tantrik Buddhism remained in Bengal 
and was known under the name of Dhamma. 



186 Haraprasad ^a.stri — Heninaut^ <if BuJdJiiim in BeiKjal. [Dec. 

2. Dhamma is populai-ly said to be a form o£ ^.'iva. This is dis- 
proTed by the fact that his temples face the East while ^'iva temples 
face the West. Tlie worship under a tree reminds one of the woi'ship 
of the Brksa Caityas of the Buddhists or of the Bodhidruma, 

3. The brass nails on the stones representing- Dhamma are said to 
he his eyes. Now, in the Buddhist Triad Dhamma used to be repi'e- 
sented by a stfrpa with two eyes on the neck, i. e., just wliere the stone 
umbrellas begin, and the stiipa was the gi'eat object of wonshiij in a 
Buddhist Vihfira. 

4. Dhamma is perhaps the only deity, who is worshijjed by 
other castes than Brahmfans. The Agnris, Goalds, Mayaras, Bands and 
others may be priests of Dhamma. But Doras are regarded as particu- 
laidy fit priests for the deity. Now Doms have not as yet admitted 
brahmauas to be their domestic priests. There are Pandits among Doms 
who perform all their religious ceremonies for them. Dhamma is said to 
have given the Doms a boon that they should be his constituted priests 
and that they should be allowed to drink wine and eat hog's flesh. * 
Babu ^arat Candra Das quoting from an unpublished work of Tara- 
nath says, that during the reign of Nasiruddiu, a Dom Buddhist obtained 
sidJhi or final success and organized taiifrik Buddhism then still pre- 
vailing in Bengal. 

5. Wherever a Buddhist ruin has been explored, the explorer has 
been rewarded with a number of votiv^e stupas in clay or stone. 
Wooden stupas in the form of kaiitas or wooden caskets witli high 
steeples arc still to be found gracing Dhamma trees. Horses of 
burnt earth are offered more fi-equcntly than hautas. Some of the 
Dliamraa Thukuts are said to be Jagrata or wide-awake and that their 
favour always grants success to the worshiper. Numbers flock to some of 
Dhamma temples and offer him Pnja for recovery from diseases, gain- 
ing advancement in life and so forth. The offerings are made over to 
the priest of the temple, a Dom or Maijard or Teli, and he 2>resents it to 
the deity. But proud brahmaiias when they offer any votive offering 
disdain to have it presented by a low fellow and so they bring their 
own priests. In some temples in the vicinity of large brahm ana popula- 
tion, there are two priests, one low born, and the other brahmana for 
presenting votive offerings. In one case the brahmana has completely 
supplanted his low born rival, and he now worships the deity with Qaiva 
ynantras and looks upon him as ^iva. But in the daily worship he divides 
the naivedya, or rice offering, placed on a brass plate in the shape of a 
cone, into two semi-cones making a trench with his finger, and offers 
the joint naivedya to the joint deity saying fxf^T^ isj^fl^T^IT^ IT: | 

* See page .335o of Dlianna Jliijgal published at Calcutta in B.S. 1295. 



1894.] Haraprasad ^'astri — Ecmnanis of liidldliism in Buiujal. l-i? 

6. Tlic annual festival in honour of Uhamina takes place on t;lio 
Vaigakhi Purnima, the hirtli-day of Lord lluddlia. 

7. Athletic sports were a principal feature in ancient Indian festi- 
vals. 

8. The long poem that is recited at the annual festival is an attempt 
to prove the Barmati of Dhamnia. Now the word Bdrmati was a 
great puzzle to me, but looking more carefully into the book I found 
that it is often replaced b}- the word Brahmati, /. e., Brahmatva. Tlie 
poem therefore attempts to prove that Dhamma is Brahma, or tlie 
Supreme Being, above Bidlii, Visnu and f^iva. The scene of the story, 
given there, is placed in Western Bengal, in Gaud and in Karaariipa, at 
a time when the son of the great Buddhist king Dharmapala was 
reigning in Gaud. The Dorns figure in the work largely, and obtain 
the boon mentioned above. The recension of the work that has been 
printed was made in 1710, A.D., and is therefore much mixed up with 
later ideas. But the book itself speaks of older recensions, which I 
am searching for, at present, and hope to get at no distant future. 

The mantra with which Dhamma is worshiped is this — 

The Sanskrit is absolutely un-grammatical, but there is no doubt 
that it refers to Buddha. No Hindu would ever conceive any deity as 
^(Jjgflf^ : or void, while the Buddhists of the Mahay an a school wei-e 
^57?J^T^, that is, they thought that after Nirvana, the Bodhisattva i-e- 
mains iu a condition of punya, that is, an inconceivable condition of 
which neither existence, nor non-existence, neither a negation of tlie two 
nor a combination of the two, can be predicated : ^f%-«rTl%-fT^H^T«f*T? 
^g^f^-l^f^'J'^'T 113??J^'T'I. Then Dhamma is said to be ?fr^t=li n.nd 
one of the synonyms of Buddha is Munlndra ; ^I^^?;: =i1''!:I^: TJT^f {"^flT 
?St^O The word f«T^(«f1T is a Buddhist technical term, and it has been 
recently so expounded in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of 
Great Britain and Ireland. 

The translation of the mantra will run thus : — 

He who has no beginning, no middle and no end, he who has neither 
legs nor hands, he who has no germ of a body, he who has no frame 
and no form, and no birth, may that Lord of sages approachable oiilv 
through knowledge, the pervader of all living* beings, the Lord of all 
the worlds, the spotless, the giver of boons to mortals, the void, may he 
protect you. 



138 Edward Barlow — Note on the food-hn^pcts of the 7na)ifis. [Dec. 

The name of the deity, his lowly priesthood and the story of the 
Dharma Maijgal raised a strong presumption in my mind in favour of 
the Buddhist origin of the worship. In reviewing the work "Dharma 
Maijgal" published by the Baijgavds't Press, I wrote in one of the annual 
re23orts of the Bengal Library that the Dharma cult might either be a 
remnant of decayed Buddhism or that it might be some form of non- 
Aryan worship. But the discovery of the mantrn and the fact that the 
annual festival is held on the birth-day of Buddha leave little doubt 
of the Buddhistic origin of this cult. 

5. Materials for a Flora of the Malay Peninsula, No. 7. — By Gr. 
KiNri, Esq., M.B., LL.D., F.R.S., CLE. 

The paper will be publi.shed in tlie Journal, Pnrt II. 

6. A short note on the food-insects of the mantis Hierodula bipapilla, 
Serv. — By Edward Barlow, Entomology Assistant, Indian Museum. 

About the beginning of the month of November last, I received 
two living specimens of a Mantis, Hierodula bipapilla, Serv., from an 
employee of the Museum, Munshee Kassimuddin, who had captured 
them at niglit in the vicinity of Harrison's Road where they had been 
attracted by the glare of the electric light. The morning niter tlieir 
capture they were as lively as ever, evidently not having suffered much 
from being confined the whole night in a closed pnper bag ; and so, 
beino- curious to witness what I liad previously read about the life 
history and voi'acity of these insects, I confined tliem in a large glass 
rearing-cage, especially selecting tliis kind of cnge as being large and 
easily seen into without di.sturbing the insects. The insects on being 
transferred from the paper bag to the rearing-cage showed signs of 
great delight, evidently thinking that they had gained their liberty. 
On the first day of their confinement I placed a dozen living specimens 
of a fly {Musca sp.) commonly found among kitchen refuse and other 
rubbish, and patiently waited to watch their manoeuvres. The man- 
tises on perceiving the flies v\ere at once on " the alert," putting themselves 
into their characteristic attitude; and when the flies settled within 
reach of their formidable enemies they were seized with unfailing 
exactitude and pi-omptness between the two foi-elegs, and devoured 
with great avidity, not immediately, but after the lapse of a few 
minutes. 

I kept feeding the two mantises on flies of the same kind only — 
each devouring about seven flies a day ; and when the supply of these 
was nearly exliausted, I put in a few specimens of the common large 
o-reen blow-fly (Lwilia sp.). These the mantises did not seem to relish 



1894.] Edward Barlow— A"o/*' on the food-msccfs of the mantis. 139 

much, for they attacked them Avith great reluctance — appearing to be 
almost frightened of them — and only devoured them when they could 
get nothing else. 

The 7th and 8th of November being liolidays, I did not attend 
office, consequently the insects were left without any food. Attending 
the Museum on the 9th instant, my first thought was of the mantises, 
and on going up to the cage I beheld a sight which fully illustrated 
the voracious nature of these insects, for during my absence the 
stronger one of the two, not finding other food, had deliberately made 
a meal of his weaker companion, devouring the entire abdomen, leavino- 
the wings, legs, &c., of his unfortunate victim streAvn about in the 
cage. 

My next experiment on the remaining mantis was to find out if 
there were any kinds of insects that it would not eat, and havino- read 
that these raptorial Orthoptera have been noticed by different observers 
to devour caterpillars, grasshoppers, butterflies, beetles, and even small 
birds, I placed in the cage two living specimens of a bug {Gyclopetia sp.), 
which had been sent to the Museum from Poena as infesting Legumin- 
osce and other species of Erijfhrina. Previously the mantis had been 
kept without food for two days as a just punishment for its crime, so 
on perceiving the bugs it seized the one nearest to it with great eager- 
ness, and, turning the head from side to side, made two attempts to 
bite its victim, the taste of which, however, it appeai-ed to dislike, 
showing signs of its dislike by wiping its mouth against its right fore- 
leg several times. I watched the mantis, off and on, for about two 
hours, but excepting the two attempts it had made to eat the bno- it 
never moved, till its victim lay dead between its two forelegs, when 
it let it drop. 

The next day I placed in the cage some specimens of another kind 
of a bug (Physomerus sp.), which had been sent to the Museum from 
Poena as infesting Gonvolvulacece. The flesh of this bug also appeared 
to be distasteful to the mantis, and though it destroyed several speci- 
mens, it would not eat them. Considering its condition at the time 
having been without food for several days — I am inclined to think that 
bugs do not form the food of Mantis ; but to prove this many more 
experiments would be necessary. Unfortunately my observations had 
to be abandoned here, as the mantis died soon after its refusal to eat 
the bugs, from sheer starvation 1 think. 



140 Lihranj. [Dec. 

LlBi^AR^Y. 

The following additions liavc beeu made to tlie Library since the 
meeting held in December last : — 

Tf\ANSACTIONS, pr^CEEDINGS, AND JoUF^ALS, 
presented by the respective Societies and Editors. 

Amsterdam. Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, — Jaarboek, 

1893. 
• . . Verslagen en Modedeelingen, Afd. Letterk, 3de 

Reeks, Decl X. 
Batavia. Bataviaasch Genootshap van Kunsten -en Wetenschappen, — 

Notulen van de Algenieene en Bestuiirs-Vergaderingen, Deel 

XXXII, Ati. 2 und 3. 

. Tijilschrift voor Indische Taal, -Land-en Volken- 

kunde, Deel XXXVII, Afl. 6. 
Bombay. The Indian Antiquary, — Vol. XXIII, Part 291. 
Brisbane. Royal Society of Queensland, — Proceedings, Vol X; and 

Index to Vols. VII-IX. 
Buenos Aii'es. La Academia Xacional de Ciencias en Cordoba, — 

Boletin, Tomo XII, Entrega 4a; XIII, la. 
Calcutta. Indian Engineering, — Vol. XVI, Nos 19-22. 

-. Maha-bodlii Society, — Journal, Vol. Ill, No. 7. 

. The Medical Reporter, —Vol. IV, Nos. 10 and 11. 

Chicago, 111. The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, — Vol. 

XVI, No. 5. 
Dresden. Konigl. Zoologischen und Anthropologisch-Ethnographis- 

chen Museums zu Dresden, — Abhandlungen und Berichte, 1892-93. 
Florence. La Societa Italiana di Antropologia Etnologia e Psicologia 

Comparata, — Archivio per L' Antropologia e la Etnologia, Tome 

XXIV, Nos. 1 et 2. 
The Hague, Koninklijk Instituut voor de Taal, -en Volkcnkundc van 

Nederlaudscli-Indie, — Bijdragen tot de Taal-Land-en Volkenkunde 

van Nederlandsch-Indio, 6e Volgreeks, Deel IX. 
1 . Nederlandsche Entoiuologischc Vereeuiging, — Tijdschrift 

voor Entomologie, Band XXXVI, Heft 3 und 4. 
Hamilton. Hamilton Association, — Journals and Proceedings, 1893-94. 
Leipzig. Der Koniglich Sachsisclien Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 

zu Leipzig, — Berichte iibor die Verhandlungen, Phil-Hist. CI, I, 

1694. 



1894.] Tfibrary. 141 

London. The Academy, — Nos. 1173-76. 

. Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, — 

Journal, Vol. XXIV, No. 2. 

. The Alhenajum, — Nos. 3496-99. 

. Geological Society, — Quarterly Journal, Vol. L, Part 4 ; and 

List of Members, November 1st, 1894. 
. . Institution of Civil Engineers, — Minutes of Proceedings, Vols. 

CXVI-CXVIII ; and Brief Subject Index to Vols. LIX-CXVUI. 
. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, — Proceedings, Nos. 1 

and 2, 1894. 
. Linnean Society, — Journal, Botany, Vols. XXVI, Nos. J77; 



XXX, 205-208. 

. Zoology, Vol. XXIV, Nos. 155-157. 



Proceedings, Sessions 1890-91, 1892-93. 

Transactions, Botany, Vols. Ill, Parts 9-11 ; IV, 1. 

. Zoology, Vols. V, Parts 11 ; VI, 1 and 2. 

List of Members, 1893-94. 
— . Nature, — Vol. LI, Nos 1305-1307. 
— . Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 24. 

— . Royal Astronomical Society, — Monthly Notices, Vol. LIV, 
No. 9. 

— . Royal Geographical Society, — Geographical Journal, Vol. IV, 
No. 5. 

— . Royal Microscopical Society, — Journal, Parts 3 and 4, 1894. 
— . Royal Society, — Proceedings, Vols. LV, Nos. 334-35 ; LVI, 336. 
Royal Statistical Society, — Journal, Vol. LVII, Parts 2 and 3. 



Manchester. Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, — Memoirs 

and Pi'oceedings, Vol. VIII, No. 3. 
Mexico. Sociedad Cientifica "Antonio Alzate," — Memorias y Revista, 

Tome VII, Nos. 11 et 12. 
Mussoorie. The Indian Forester, — Vol. XX, No. 11. 
New Haven. American Oriental Society, — Proceedings, March 29-31, 

1894. 
Paris. Journal Asiatique, — Tome HI (IX^ serie), Nos. 2 et 3. 
. Du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, — Nouvelles Archives, 4® 

serie, Tome V. 

. Societe de Geographie, — Bulletin, Tome XV, No. 2. 

. . Compte Rendu de Seance, No. 15, 1894. 



. Societe Philomathique de Paris, — Compte Rendu sommaire de 

Seance, No. 1, 1894. 
Rome. La Societa Degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, — Memorie, Tome 

XXIII, Nos. 7-9. 



142 Library. [DeC. 

St. Fetersburgh. Russian Imperial Geographical Society, — Proceed- 
ings, Vol. XXX, No. 3. 

Stockholm. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens, — Handlinger, 
Band XXV. 

-. '. Meteoroloo^iska lakttagelser I. Sverige, 1890. 

Taiping. Perak Government, — Gazette, Vol. VII, Nos. 25 and 26. 

Tokyo. Imperial Univeisity of Japan, — Journal of the College of 
Science, Vol. VIII, Part 1. 

Vienna, Der Anthn ipologischeu Geaellschaf t in Wien, — Mittheilungen, 
Band XXIV, Heft 5. 

Wellington. Polynesian Society, — Journal, Vol. Ill, No. 3. 

jBooKS AND Pamphlets, 
presented bi/ Authors, Translators, ^c. 

Blanford, W. T. Notes on a list of 35 birds observed in Dras and 

Suru by Lieutenant. W. W. Cordeaux. 8vo. London, 1894. 
■ Notes on the Indirin Owls. 8vo. London, 1894. 

. On some Genera of Oriental Barbets. 8vo. London, 1893. 

•. On the Scientific Names of the Imperial and Spotted Eagles 

and on the Generic Names of Bonelli's Eagle and the Black Eagle. 

8vo. London, ]894. 
Godwin- Austen, Lieut.-Ool. H. H. Exploration Survey Work. 8vo. 

London, 1894. 
Haeckel, Ernst. Systematische Phylogenie der Pi'otisten und Pflanzen. 

8vo. Berlin, 1894. 
HiLLEBRANDT, Alfked. Vcdische Mythologie. 8vo. Breslau, 1891. 
Oldenberg, Hermann. Die Religion des Veda. 8vo. Berlin, 1894. 
Rat, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 

Prose, Part 92. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

M.ISCELLANEOUS PRESENTATIONS. 

Mittheilungen der Aargauischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Heft 

6. 8vo. Aaran, 1892. 

Der Aargauischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 
The Report of the Carmichael Library, Benares, 1893. 8vo. Benares, 

1894. 

Carmichael Library, Benares. 
Report on Education in the Central Provinces for the year 1893-94. 

Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Report on the Excise Revenue in the Central Provinces for the year 

1893-94. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 



1894.] Library. 143 

Report on the Railway-borne Traffic of the Central Provinces for the 

official year 1893-94. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 
Resolution on the management by Grovernment of Private Estates in 
the Central Provinces for the revenue year 1892-93. Fcp. Nagpur, 
1894. 
Retui-ns of the Rail-borne Traffic of the Central Provinces during the 
quarter ending 30th June, 1894. Fcp. Nagpur, 1894. 

Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces. 
Bailev, F. M. Contributions to the Queensland Flora. 8vo. Brisbane, 

1894. 
Shelton, E. M. . Manures : their management and use, with special 
reference to Queensland Conditions. 8vo. Brisbane, 1894. 

Department of Agriculture, Brisbane. 
HiGHT, G. A. Report on Forest Administration in Germany. 8vo. 
Calcutta, 1894. 

Forest School, Dehra Dun. 
Returns of tlie Rail and River-borne Trade of Bengal during the quarter 
ending the 30th June, 1894. Fcp. Calcutta, 1894. 

Government of Bengal. 
Brief Sketch of the Meteorology of the Bombay Presidency in 1893-94, 

Fcp. Bombay, 1894. 
Magnetical and Meteorological Observations made at the Govei-nment 
Observatory, Bombay, 1893. 4to. Bombay, 1894. 

Government op Bombay. 
The Indian Antiquary for Octolier, 1894. 4to. Bombay, 1894. 
North Indian Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, No. 5. 4to. Allahabad, 1894. 

Government op India, Home Department. 
The Agricultural Ledger, Nos. 1-4, 1892 ; 1-14, 16-20, 1893 ; 1, 2, 4, 6 

1894. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 
Epigraphia Indica, Vol. Ill, Part 5. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 

Government of India, Rev. and Agri. Department. 
Rba, Alex. List of Architectural and Arch^ological Remains in Coorg. 
4to. Madras, 1894. 

' . South Indian Buddhist Antiquities. 4to. Madras, 1894. 

Report on Epigraphical work accomplished in Southern India during 
1893-94. Fcp. Madras, 1894. 

Government of Madras. 
Rice, B. Lewis. Inscriptions in the Mysore District, Part I. 4to. 
Bangalore, 1894. 

Government of Mysore. 
Report on the Administration of Civil Justice in the Punjab and its 
Dependencies during the }'ear 1893. Fcp. Lahore, 189i. 

Government of the Punjab, 



144 Library. [Dec. 

Catalogue of the Coins of the Indian Museum, Part I. 8vo. Calcutta, 

J 894. 

Indian Museum, Calcutta. 
The Indian Journal of Education for November, 1894. 8vo. Madras, 

1894. 

V. KaL VAN ARAM ItER, EsQ. 

Cappelle, Dr. H. Van. Der Lochemerberg, ein durcliragungszug im 
Niederlaendischen Diluvium. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

. Eenige Mededeelingen over de Glaciale Kn Praeglaciale Vor- 

mirigen in Twente en den Oosthoek Van Grelderland. 8vo. Am- 
sterdam, 1894. 

Engelmann, Th. W. Die Erscheinungsweise der Sauerstoffausscheidung 
Chromopbyllhaltiger Zellen im Light bei Anvveiidung der Bacte- 
rienmefchode. 8vo. Amsterdam, 189-1. 

Ha^n, D. Bierens de. Bouwstoffen voor de gescliiedenis der Wis-En 
Natuurkundige Wetenschappen in de Nederlanden. 8vo. Am- 
sterdam, 1893. 

HamburC4er, Dr. H. J. Een Lymphdrijvende Bacterie. 8vo. Amster- 
dam, 1893. 

. Ouderzoekingen over do Lymph. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

. Over Den Invloed Der Aderahaling op de Veiplaatsing 

van Suiker, Vet En Eiwit. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1894. 

Hoffmann, C. K. Untersuchungen ueber Den Ursprung Des Blutes 
und der Blutbereitenden Organe. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

Hubrecht, a. a. W. De Placentatie van de Spitsmuis (sorex vulgaris 
L.). 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

KoLK, Dr J. L. C. ScHROEDER VAN DER. Proeve ecner Geologische 
Karteering Der Omstreken Van Deventer. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1894. 

LORIE, Dr. J. De Hoogvenen en de Gedaantewisseliugen der Maas in 
Noord-Brabant en Limburg. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1894. 

LoRiE, Dr. J. Grondboringen Langs de Beneden-Maas. 8vo. Am- 
sterdam, 1894. 

. Grondboringen te Assen. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893, 

MoLENBROEK, P. Over de Toepassing der Quaternionen op de Mecha- 
nica en de Natuurkunde. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1893. 

Mulder, E. Vervolg van het onderzoek betreifende Het Ketonzuur 
afgeleid van Wijusteenzuur, en over het Parabrandigdruivenzuur. 
8vo. Amstei'dam, 1894. 

ScHOUTE, P. H. Regelmassige Schnitte und Projectionen des achtzelles. 
Sechszehnzelles und vierundzwanzigzelles im Vierdimensionalen 
Raume. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1894. 

ScHOUTEN, Dr. G. De Veisnellingen van Hoogere Orden. 8vo. Am- 
sterdam, 1894. 



1894.] Lihrnry. 145 

SiRKS, Dr. J. L. On the Astigmatism of Rowland's Concave Gratings. 
8vo. Amsterdam, J894. 

Spronck, Dr. C. H. H. Etude sur les vibrions choleinques isoles des 
dejections et rencontres Dans Les Eaux en Hollande pendant les 
epidemics de ]892 et 1893. 8vo. Amsterdam, ]891<. 

Vloten, G. Van. Recherches sur la Domination arabe, le Chiitisme et 
les Ci'Ojances Messianiques sous le Khalifat des Omayades. 8vo. 
Amsterdam, 1894. 

WissELiNGH, C. Van, Over Cuticularisatie en Cutine. 8vo. Amster- 
dam, 1894. 

KONINKLIJKE AkADEMIE VAN WeTENSCHAPPEN TE AMSTERDAM. 

Die Handschriften-Verzeiclmisse der Koniglichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, 
Band XVIII. 4to. Berlin, 1894. 

Der KoNiGrjCHEN Bibliothek zu Berlin. 
SociN, Albert; und Stumme, Dr. Hans. Der Arabische Dialekt der 

Houwara des Wad siis in Marokko. 8vo. Leipzio-, 1894. 
Weissbach, F. H. Neue Beitrage zur Kunde der Susischen Inschriften. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1894. 

KoNiGL. Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschapten, Leipzig. 
The Geneva Oriental Congress (Reprinted from the Asiatic Quarterly- 
Review for October, 1894). 8vo. London, 1894. 

G. W. Leitner, Esq. 
Annual Report of the Trustees, Lenox Library, New York, 1893. Qyo. 
New York, 1894. 

Lenox Library, New York. 
Catalogue of the Library of the Linnean Society of London, Part II, 
Periodicals. 8vo. Loudon, 1893. 

Linnean Society of London. 
Monthly Weather Review for June, 1884. 4to. Calcutta, 1894. 
Original Meteorological Observations of Calcutta, Allahabad, Luckiiow, 
Lahore, Nagpur, Bombay, and Madras, for June, 1894. 4to. 
Calcutta, 1894. 

Meteorological Reporter to the Government of India. 
Gooneratne, Edmdnd Rowland. The Dhatu Katha Pakarana and 

its commentary. 8vo. London, 1892. 
Journal of the Pali Text Society for J 891-92. 8vo. London, 1893. 
MtJLLER, E. Paramatfcha Dipani, Part 5. 8vo. London, 1893. 
Strong, S. Arthur. The Maha-Bodhi-Vamsa. 8vo. London, 1891. 

Pali Text Society, London. 
Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada for the 
year 1893. 4to. Ottawa, 1894. 

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa. 



146 Lihrary. [Dec. 

Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol. XVI, 8vo, 

Washington, 1894. 
Report of the United States National Museum for the year ending 
June 30th, 1892. Svo. Washington, 1893. 

Smithsonian Institption, Washington. 
The Theosophic Gleaner, Vol. IV, Nr. 3. 8vo. Bombay, 1894. 

Theosophical Society, Bombay. 
Leighton, Virgil L. The Development of the Wing of Sterna Wilsonii. 
Svo. Massachusetts, U. S. A., 1894. 

Tufts College, Massachusetts, U. S. A. 

Periodicals Purchased. 

Allahabad. North Indian Notes and Queries, — Vol. IV, No. 5. 
Berlin. Deutsche Litteraturzeitung, — Jahrgang XV, Nrn. 24-39. 

. Orientalische Bibliographie — Band VII, Heft 2. 

. Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie, — Heft II-IV, 1894; und General 

Register zu Band I-XX (1869-88). 
Braunschweig. Jahresbericlit iiber die Fortscliritte der Chemie und 

verwandter Theile anderer Wissenschaften, — Heft 2, 1890. 
Calcutta. Indian Medical Gazette,— Vol. XXIX, No. 11. 
Cassel. BotanischesCentralblatt,— Band LVIII, Nrn. 12-13; LIX,1-12. 
Gottingen. Der Konigl. Gesellscliaft der Wissenschaften, — Gotting- 

ische gelehrte Anzeigen, Nrn. 7-9, 1894. 

. . Nachrichten, Gescliaflliche Mittheilungen,Nr. 1,1894, 

. . . Mathematisch-physikalische Klasse, — Nr, 

2, 1894. 

— . . Philologisch-historische Klasse, — Nr. 2, 



1894. 
Leipzig. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, — Band LIII, Heft 3 und 4. 

. . Beiblatter, — Band XVIII, Nr. 10. 

Leyden. Internationales Archiv fiir Ethnographie, — Band VII, Heft 

3-4. 
London. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, — Vol. XIV 

(6th Series), Nos. 79-82. 

. The Chemical News, — Vol. LXX, Nos. 1821-25. 

. The Entomologist, — Vol. XXVII, Nos. 374-77. 

. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, — Vol. V (2"'^ Series), 

Nos. 362-65. 

. The Ibis, — Vol. VI (6th Series), No. 23. 

. The Journal of Botany, — Vol. XXXI I, Nos. 379-82. 

. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine, 



— Vol. XXXVIII, Nos. 230-33. 



1S94.] Library. 147 

London. The Messenger of Matheniaties, — Vol. XXIII, Noa. 11 and 

12 ; XXiV, 1-3. 

. Numismatic Chronicle, — Part II, 1894. 

. Numismatic Circular, — Vol. II, No. 24. 

. The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, — Vol. 

XXXVI, Parts 3 and 4. 
. The Quarterly Journal of pure and applied Mathematics, — 



Vol. XXVII, No. 106. 

Rhopalocera Exotica, — Part 29. 



New Haven. The American Journal of Science, — Vol. XLVIII, Nos. 

283-85. 
Paris. L' Academic des Sciences, — Comptes Rendus des Seances, Tome 

CXVIII, Nos. 23-25 ; CXIX, 1-13. 
, Annales de Chimie et de Physique, — 7""^ Serie, Juillet- 

Octobre, 1894. 
. Revue Critique d' Histoire et Litterature, — Tome XXXVII, 



Nos. 19, 23-26 ; XXXVIII, 27-40. 

Revue Scientifique, — Tome II (4^ Serie), Nos. 17-20. 



Philadelphia. Manual of Couchology, — Vol. XV, No. 3; 2n<i Series 
Vol. IX, No. 3. 

Books Purchased. 

Lacouperie, Terrien de. Western Origin of the Early Chinese Civili- 
sation from 2,300 B. C. to 200 A. D. 8vo. London, 1894. 

Lefevre, Andrk. Races and Languages. 8vo. London, 1894. 

MuLLER, F. Max. Sacred Books of the East, Vol. XXXVL 8vo. 
Oxford, 1894. 

Rat, Pratapa Chandra. The Mahabharata, translated into English 
prose. Part 92. 8vo. Calcutta, 1894. 

Wright, William. Lectures on the Comparative Grammar of the 
Semitic languages. 8vo. Cambi-idge, 1890. 



INDEX 



TO 

PROCEEDINGS, ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL, 

FOR 1894. 

Page 

Abdul Wali (Moulvie), elected an Ordinary Member ... il7 

Abstract Contents of one of the Ahoni Pathis of Asam ... Ill 

,, of Proceedings of Council during 1893 ... ... 2S 

Address, Presidential ... ... ... ... 3G 

Adie (Dr. J. R. ), elected Member of Physical Science Committee ^Q 
Ahmad (Sir Sayid), elected ]\Iember of Philological Committee ... 65 
Aliom Pathis of Asam ... ... ... ... Hi 

Alcock (Dr. A. W. ), an account of a I'ecent collection of Bathy- 
binl Fishes fi-om the Bay of Bengal and the 
Laccadive Sea ... ... ... 93 

,, „ an account of the collection of Deep-sea 

Crustacea recently made by the R. I. M. S. 
" Investigator " in the Bay of Bengal and 
Laccadive Sea ... ... ... Ill 

„ „ an account of the shore and shallow-water 

Brachi/iira collected on board H. M. Survey 
Steamer " Investigator," during 1893-94 ... 118 
„ „ appointed Natural History Secretaiy ... 84 

„ „ elected Anthropological Secretary ... 36 

„ „ exhibited a number of relics ... ... 75 

„ „ exhibited some Marine Invertebrates ... 102 

,, ,, on a new species of flying Lizard from 

Assam ... ... ... 118 

Amir Ali (The Hon. Mr. Justice), elected Member of Council ... 37 
,, ,, elected Member of History and 

Archaeological Committee ... 66 
Ancient Bengali Literatui-e under Muhammadan Patronage ... 118 

Andex'son (Dr. A. R.), an account of the collection of Deep-sea 
Crustacea recently made by the R. I. M. S. 
" Investigator," in the Bay of Bengal and 
Laccadive Sea ... ... ... Ill 



150 Index. 

Page 
Anderson (Dr. A, R.), an account of the shore and shallow-water 
Brachynra collected on board H.M. Survey 

Steamer " Investigator," during 1893-94 118 
„ „ note on the stridulating powers of the 

Ocypode crab {Ocypoda cera tojphtkalma) 104f 

Annual Meeting ... ... ... ... ... 13 

„ Report ... ... ... ... ... ib. 

Anthropological Committee, election of ... ... ... 66 

Anthropology ... ... ... ... ... 19 

Arabian Sea, topography of the ... ... ... 118 

Archaeological Committee, election of ... ... ... 6Q 

Arnold (H. K. W. ), elected Member of Finance and Visiting 

Committee ... ... ... 65 

^j „ elected Member of History and Archgeologi- 

cal Committee ... ... ... 6Q 

,, „ elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 

Assam, flying Lizard from ... ... ... ... 118 

Assamese Gold Coin, exhibition of ... ... ... Ill 

Babylonian Origin ... ... ... ... 134 

Bandah, Guru Gobind Singh and ... ... ... Ill 

Barlow (Edward), a short note on the food-insects of the mantis... 138 

Basix (Cliandra Kanta), prize awarded to ... ... 35 

Basu (ISTagendra Natha), elected an Ordinary Member ... 117 
Batabyal (Umes Chandra), on a new copper-plate grant of Dhar- 

mapilla ... ••• ... ... .•• 77 

Bathybial Fishes, collection of ... ... ... 93 

Behari Customs and Practices ... ... ... 102 

Bengali Literature ... ... ... ... 118 

Beveridge (H.), note on Major Francklin's description of Gaur ... 42 
,, ,, the Khurshid Jahan-numa of Sayyid Ilahi 

Bakhsh ai HusainI Angreza-badi .. 134 

Bhagalpur, find of old coins in ... ... ... 64 

Bibliotheca Indica ... ... ... • ... 20 

,, ,, budget shewing the expenses on the ... 41 

Bose (P. N.), elected Member of Physical Science Committee ... 6Q 

jB;-ac/iv«/-a, sliore and shallow-water ... ... ... 118 

Buddha's Ordination, golden Book of ... ... ... 8 

Buddhism in Bengal ... ... ... ... 135 

Building ... ... ... ... ... 19 

Butterflies from the Indo-Malayau region... ... ... 69 

Butterfly EuthaUa Iva ... ... ... ... 66 



Index. 351 

Page 
Bysack (Gaurdas). elected Member of History and Archa^oloo'ical 

Committee ... ... ... GO 

,, „ elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 

„ ,, elected Member of Philological Committee ... ib. 

„ „ elected Member of Physical Science Committee 66 

Central Provinces, find of old coins in ... ... ... 64 

Charles (Dr. R. Havelock), the I^asal Index compared upon the 
Head and Skull, with notes iTpon the Nasal Bones and an- 
terior Nasal Aperture ... ... ... ... 42 

Chatterjee (M. N.), elected an Ordinary Member ... ... 109 

Chaudhury (Gryandra Nath), death of ... ... ... 118 

Chemical Examination of certain Indian Foodstuffs ... ... 44 

Chilas traditions, notes on ... ... ... ... 67 

Cockburn (J.), note on a Diorite plus? ... ... ... 88 

Coin, Assamese gold ... ... ... ...Ill 

,, cabinet ... ... ... ... ... 20 

„ committee, election of ... ... ... ... Q() 

,, reports on finds of old ... ... ... ... 56 

„ supplementary to Thomas' Chronicles of the Pathan Kings 

of Delhi, No. 5 ... ... ... ... 90 

Coinage of the Gupta period ... ... ... ... 134 

Committees, election of ... ... ... ... 65 

Condenhove (Count H.), withdrawal of ... ... ... 118 

Contineiital Agency ... ... ... ... 18 

Convolvulaceae, some additional species of ... ... 78 

Copper-plate Grant of Dharmapala ... ... ... 77 

„ „ Sdhgaura ... ... ... ... 84 

Cotes (E. C), elected Member of Natural History Committee ... 66 

Council, members of ... ... ... ... .37 

,, Proceedings during 1893, abstract of ... ... 28 

Crab, Ocypode ... ... ... ... ... 104 

Criminal Punishment in Tibetan Jails ... ... ... 5 

Croft (Sir A. W.), elected Vice-President ... ... 36 

Crooke (W.), elected Member of Anthropological Committee ... 68 

Crustacea, collection of Deep Sea ... ... ... m 

Cunningham (Major-General Sir A.), death of ... ... 1 

„ ,, obituary notice of the death 

of ... ... ib. 

Cunningham (Dr. D. D.), elected Member of Library Committee 65 
„ „ elected Member of Natural History 

Committee ... ... ... 66 



152 hiclex. 

Page 
Cunningliam (Dr. D. D. ), elected Membei' of Physical Science 

Committee ... ... ... QQ 

Customs and Practices, Behari ... ... ... 102 

Dames (M. L.), elected Membei' of Antliropoloo-ical Committee .. ^Q 
Das (Sar.'it Chandra), elected Member of Anthropological Com- 
mittee ... ... ... ih. 

„ „ short note on the Gfolden Book of Bud- 
dha's Ordination ... ... 8 

,, ,, Tibetan Jails and Criminal Punishment... 5 

Death of Members ... ... 1, 41, 76, 84, 102, 118, 133 

Delhi, find of old coins in ... ... ... ... 62 

Dhai-mapfila, copper-plate grant of ... ... ... 77 

Dioiite plug, exhibition of a ... ... ... ... 88 

Discovery of the remnants of Buddhism in Bengal ... ... 135 

Douglas (Lieutenant J. A.), notes on Chilas traditions ... 67 
Driver (W. H. P.), elected Member of History and Archaeo- 
logical Committee ... ... ... ... 66 

Duthie (J. F.), elected Member of Natural History Committee ... ib. 

Election of Members ... ... 65,83,101,109,117, 183 

Elgin (Lord), accepted the office of Patron ... ... 84 

Eliot (J.), elected Member of Physical Science Committee ... 66 

Elliott Prize for Scientific Research ... ... 3, 19, 34 

Elliott (The Hon. Sir C. A.), elected Vice-President ... ... 36 

,, ,, vote of thanks to ... ... ib. 

ELson (S. R. ), elected Member of Physical Science Committee ... 66 

Essays for the " Elliott Prize for Scientific Research " ... 3 

EntlwUa Iva ... ... ... ... ... 66 

Fading Histories ... ... ... ... ... 46 

Fat and Oil ... ... ... ... ... 44 

Finance and Visiting Committee, election of ... ... 65 

,, report on ... ... ... ... ... 15 

Finn (Frank), elected an Ordinary Member ... ... 133 

Flora of the Malayan Peninsula ... ... 42, 138 

Flower (Sir William Henry), elected a Honorary Member ... 55 
,, „ letter of thanks for being elected a 

Honoraiy Member ... ... 84 

Plying Lizard from Assam ... ... ... ... 118 

Folk-lore about Thieves and Rubbers ... ... ... 103 

Pood-insects of the mantis ... ... ... ... 138 

Foodstuffs, Indian... ... ... ... ... 44 

Forrest (G. W.), elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 



Index. 



ir,3 



Page 

Francklin (Major), desci"iption of Gaur ... ... ... 42 

Fiauklaud (Dr. Edward), elected a Honorary Member ... 55 
„ ,, letter of thanks for being elected a 

Honorary Member ... ... 84 

Fulirer (Dr. A.), elected Member of Coins Committee ... 66 
„ ,, elected Member of History and Archaeological 

Committee ... ... ... ih. 

,, ,, elected Member of Philological Committee ... 65 
Gait (E. A.), abstract Contents of one of the Ahom Pathis of 

Asam ... ... ... ... 1 1 1 

,, ,, elected Member of Anthropological Committee ... 66 

,, „ note on an old Assamese gold coin ... ... Ill 

Gaur, description of ... ... ... ... 42 

Ghosha (Pratapa Chandra), elected Member of Finance and 

Visiting Committee ... 65 
„ „ elected Member of History and 

Archfeological Committee ... 66 
„ „ elected Member of Library Com- 
mittee ... ... 65 

,, „ elected Member of Philological 

Committee ... ... ib. 

Giles (Dr. G. M.), elected Member of Natural History Committee 66 

,, ,, elected Member of Physical Science Committee ib. 

Golam Sar war (Moul vie), withdrawal of ... ... ... 40 

Golden Book of Buddha's Ordination ... ... ... 8 

Grierson (G. A.), elected Philological Secretary ... ... 36 

Gupta period, history and coinage of the ... ... 134 

Guru Gobind Singh and Bandah ... ... ... Ill 

Histories, Fading ... ... ... ... ... 46 

History and Archfeological Committee, election of ... ... 66 

„ and Coinage of the Gupta period ... ... 134 

,, of Ladakh ... ... ... ... 8 

Hodgson (B. H.), death of ... ... ... ... 102 

,, ,, obituary notice on the death of ... ... 110 

Hoernle (Dr. A. F. R.), elected Member of Coins Committee ... 66 
,, „ elected Member of Finance and Visiting 

Committee ... ... ... 65 

„ ,, elected Member of Library Committee ... ib. 

,, ,, elected Meml)er of Philological Committee ib. 

,, ,, elected to officiate as Philological Secretary 84 

,, ,, elected Vice-President ... ... 36 



154 Index. 

Page 
Hoernle (Dr. A. F. R.) exhibited a silver coin sent by Mr. 

Rodgers ... ... ... 4 

„ „ note on the Sobgaura copper-plate ... 87 
„ „ obituary notice of the deatli of Major- 

General Sir A. Cunningbam ... 1 
,j obituary notice of the death of Mr. B. 

H. Hodgson ... ... ... 110 

Hoey (Dr. W.), note on tbe Sobgaura copper-plate ... ... 84 

Holland (T. H. ), exhibited new varieties of peridotite ... 134 

Honorary Members, death of ... ... ... 1,41,102, 118 

,, ,, election of ... ... ... 55 

Hyde (Tbe Rev. H. B.), elected Member of History and Archae- 
ological Committee ... ... QQ 

,, elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 
Ilahi Bakhsh al Husaini Angreza-badi (Sayyid), Khurshld Jahan- 

numa of ... ••• ••• ••• ••• I'J* 

Indian Museum ... ••• ••• ••• ••• 14 

Indo-Malayan region, butterflies from the ... ... 69 

Inscription from Sbamsabad ... ... ... 76 

Invertebrates, marine ... ... ... ••• 102 

Irvine (William), Guru Gobind Singh and Bandah ... ... Ill 

note on an Inscription from Sbamsabad ... 76 

Iskander Ali Mirza, Bahadur (Prince), death of ... ... 84 

Jahangir's Mob urs and Rupees ... ... ... 90 

Jails, Tibetan ... ••• ••• ••• •.• 5 

Jarrett (Colonel H. S.), elected Member of Council ... ... 37 

elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 
" " ... 

elected Member of Philological Committee ih. 

withdrawal of ... ... ... 101 

Jehan Qudr Muhammad Wahid Ali (Prince), elected member of 

Library Committee ... ... ... •■. 65 

Kangra district, find of old coins in ... ... ... 63 

Khudabaksh Khan, Bahadur (Moulvie), elected Member of Philolo- 
gical Committee ... ••• ••■ ... 65 

Khurshld Jaban-numa ... ... .... ... 134 

Kino- (Dr. George), elected Member of Physical Science Com- 
mittee ... ... ... QQ 

materials for a flora of the Malayan Peninsula 42, 138 

King (Dr. William), withdrawal of ... ... ... 101 

La Touche (J.J. D.), elected Member of Physical Science Com- 
mittee ... ... •■• •■■ ••• 66 



Index. J 55 

Page 

Ladakli, history of ... ... ... ... 8 

Lafont (The Rev. Fr. E.), elected Member of Physical Science 

Committee ... ... ... ... ... (iQ 

Library ... ... 9, 47, 69, 78, 93, 104, 112, 122, 140 

,, additions to ... ... ... ... 18 

., committee, election of ... ... ... 65 

Life Members, death of ... ... ... ... 1.38 

Literature, Bengali ... ... ... ... 118 

Little (C), elected Treasurer... .... ... ... 36 

Lizard from Assam ... ... ,,. ... 118 

London Agency ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Lyall (C. J.), elected President ... ... ... 36 

Maclagan (E. D.), compounded subscription as non-resident 

member ... ... ... ... .., 102 

Maclagan (General Robert), death of ... ... ... 133 

Malayan Peninsula, flora of the ... ... 42, 138 

Malda, find of old coins in ... ... ... ... (3.3 

Mann (J.), elected Member of Council ... ... ... 37 

,, ,, elected Member of Library Committee ... ... 65 

„ „ elected Member of Philological Committee ... ib. 

Mantis, food-insects of the ... ... ... ... 138 

Marine Invertebrates, exhibition of ... ... ... 102 

Marx (Dr. Karl), three documents relating to the History of 

Ladakh ... ... ... ... .. 8 

Materials for a Flora of the Malayan Peninsula ... 42, 138 

Meade (Major M. J.), withdrawal of ... ... ... 84 

Meconopsis fi'om Sikkim ... ... ... ... 78 

xVlembers, death of ... ... ... 1, 4], 75, 84, 102, 118, 133 

election of ... ... 55, 83, 101, 109, 117, ib. 

„ list, report on ... ... ... ... 14 

,, of Council ... ... ... ... 37 

withdrawal of ... ... 40,56,84,101,109, 118 

Meteorite ... ... ... ... ... 1,34 

Middlemiss (C. S.), elected Member of Natural History Committee (^Q 

„ ,, elected Member of Physical Science Committee ib. 

Mihie-Edwards ( Professor H.), death of ... ... ... 41 

Mitra (Sarat Chandra), north Indian Folk-lore about Thieves and 

Robbers ... ... ... 103 

,, „ on some Behari Customs and Practices... 102 

Mohurs and Rupees, Jahangir's ... ... ... 90 

Moir (Surgeon-Captain D. M.), elected an Ordinary Member ... 101 



156 Index. 

Page 

Monthly General Meetings ... 1, 37, 55, 75, 83, 101, 109, 117, 133 

Mozufferpiir, find of old coins in ... ... ... 57 

Mnhammad bin Sam, silver coin supposed to be one of ... 4 

Mukerjea (Bliudeva), death of ... ... ... 84 

„ ,, elected Member of Philological Committee 65 

Mukerjea (Nilmoni), elected Member of Philological Committee... ib. 

Mukerjea (P. C), relics obtained by ... ... ... 75 

Mukerjea (Sivnarayan), elected an Ordinary Member ... 117 
Mukhopadhyaya (Dr. Asutosh), elected Member of Library Com- 
mittee ... ... 65 

„ „ elected Member of Philological 

Committee ... ... ib. 

,, „ elected Member of Physical 

Science Committee ... G6 

Mnllick (Yadulal^ death of ... ... ... ... 75 

Nasal Index compared upon the Head and Skull ... ... 42 

Nash (A. M.), account of Babu Chandra Kanta Basu, essay fur- 
nished by ... ... ... ... ... 35 

Natural History Committee, election of ... ... ... 66 

,, ,, Secretary exhibited a Diorite Plug ... ... 88 

Nepal, Tribes, Clans and Castes of ... ... ... 42 

New South Wales, Circular from the Royal Society of ... 118 

Niceville (L. de), elected Member of Library Committee ... 65 

,, ,, elected Member of Natural History Committee 66 
^j ,, exhibited a rare Nymphalid butterfly, Etithalia 

Ira., ... ... ... ... ib. 

jj „ on new or little-known Butterflies from the 

Indo- Malayan region... ... ... 69 

Noeldeke (Theodor), elected a Honorary Member ... ... 56 

,, letter of thanks for being elected a Honor- 
ary Member ... ... ... 84 

Noetlino" (Dr. Fritz), elected Member of Natural History Com- 
mittee ... ... ... 66 

,, elected Member of Physical Science Com- 
mittee ... ... ... ib. 

North Indian Folk-lore about Thieves and Robbers ... ... 103 

NoviciiB Indica^ V^II and Vltl ... ... ... 78 

Nyayaratna ( Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesachandra), elected Mem- 
ber of Council ... 37 
„ elected Member of Library 

Committee ... 65 



Index. 157 

Pago 
Njayavatna { oMaliamahopadliyaya Mahesacbaudni), elected Mem- 
ber of Philological 

Committee ... 65 

Obituary Notice ... ... ... 1, 110 

O'Brien (E.), death of ... ... ... ... 1 

Ocypode crab ... ... ... ... ... 104 

Office of Secretaries ... ... ... ... 20 

Officers and Members of Council ... ... ... 36 

Oil, Fat and ... ... ... ... ... 44 

Oldham (C. F.), the Physical featui'es of some of the Laccadive 
Islands, with some snggestions as to theii' 

mode of formation ... ... ... 118 

,, ,, topogTaphy of the Ai-abian Sea in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Laccadive Islands ... ib. 
Oldham (R, D.}, elected Member of Natural History Committee 66 
,, ,, elected Member of Physical Science Committee ib. 
Ordinary Members, death of ... ... 1,75,84,102, 118 

Ordinary Members, election of ... ... 55, 83, 101, 109, 117, 133 

Osmond (W. M.), death of ... ... ... ... 118 

,, ,, elected an Ordinary Member ... ... 55 

Oung (M. H.), elected Member of Finance and Visiting Committee 65 

Palanpur, find of old coins in ... ... ... ... 57 

Pandia (Mohanhil Vislinnlal), elected Member of History and 

Archaeological Committee ... ... ... 66 

Pargiter (F. E.), elected Member of Philological Committee ... 65 

Pasteur (Louis), elected a Honorary Member ... ... 55 

., ,, letter of thanks for being elected a Honorary 

Member ... ... ... ... 84 

Patna, tind of old coins in ... ... ... ... 56 

Peal (S. E.), elected Member of Anthropological Committee ... 66 

,, ,, elected Member of Natural History Committee ... ib. 

,, ,, Fading Histories ... ... ... 46 

Pedler (A.), elected Member of Council ... ... ... 37 

,, ,, elected Member of Finance and Visiting Committee ... 65 

,, ,, elected Member of Library Committee ... ... ib. 

,, ,, elected Member of Physical Science Committee ... 66 

,, ,, elected to officiate as Treasurer ... ... 75 

Peppe (T. F.), mthdrawal of ... ... ... ... J09 

Peridotite, exhibition of new varieties of ... ... ... ]34 

Phillott (Captain D. C), elected Member of Philological Com- 
mittee .,. ... ... .,, ... 65 



loS Lnlej'. 

Page 

Philological Committee, budget drawn up by the ... ... 41 

,, ,, election of ... ... ... 65 

,, Secretary exhibited an old Assamese gold coin ... Ill 
,, ,, exhibited the Sohgaura Copper-plate ... 84 
„ ,, read a note on Major Francklin's Descrip- 
tion of Gaur ... ... ... 42 

Physical features of some of the Laccadive Islands, with some 

suggestions as to their mode of formation ... 118 

„ Science Committee, election of ... ... ... 66 

Practices, Behari Customs and ... ... ... 102 

Praiu (D.), description of a new Meconopsis from Sikkim ... 78 

,, ,, elected Member of ISTatural History Committee ... 66 

,, ,, elected Member of Physical Science Committee ... ib. 

„ „ some additional species of Convolvulacea? ... 78 

Presentations, announcement of 1, 37 55, 75, 83, 101, 109, 117, 133 



President, election of 
Presidential Address 
Publications of the Society 
Punishment in Tibetan Jails 
Raiiking (Dr. George), elected 



... 36 

... ib. 

... 18 

5 

an Ordinary Member ... ... 117 

Ray (P. C), on the Chemical Examination of ceitain Indian Food- 
stuffs, Part 1., Fat and Oil ... ... ... 44 

Relics, exhibition of ... ... ... ... 75 

Report on the "Elliott Prize for Scientific Research" ... 34 

Rivett-Carnac (J. H.), withdrawal of ... ... ... 56 

Robbers, Folk-lore about Thieves and ... ... ... 103 

Rodders (C. J.), coins supplementary to Thomas' Chronicles of 

the Pathan Kings of Delhi, No. 5 ... 90 

,, ,, elected Member of Coins Committee ... 66 

,, ,, exhibition of a silver coin sent by ... 4 

,, ,. Jahangir's Mohurs and Rupees ... ... 90 

Rost (Dr. Reinhold), elected a Honorary Member ... ... 56 

,, letter of thanks for being elected a Honor- 
ary Member ... ... ... 84 

Royal Society of New South Wales, Circular from ... ... 118 

Rupees, Jahangir's Mohurs and ... ... ... 90 

Sarbadhikari (Rai Raj Kumar), elected member of Anthropo- 
logical Committee ... G6 
^j ,, elected member of Pliilological 

Committee ... ... 65 

Sarkar (Dr. Mahendralal), elected Member of Council ... 37 



huJeA\ 159 

Savkar (Dr. !Malienclral:il), elected ]\Iember of Librarj- Committee (15 
,, ,, elected ]\Iember of Philological Com- 
mittee ... ... ... ih, 

„ „ elected jMeinber of Physical Science 

Committee ... ... GG 

Scotland (J. P.), death of ... ... ... ... 84 

Scully (Dr. J.), elected Member of Coins Committee ... GG 
„ „ elected Member of Finance and \'i.siting Com- 
mittee ... ... ... ... Go 

„ „ elected Member of Library Committee ... ib. 

„ ,, elected Member of Natural History Committee .. GG 

„ ,, electedMembcrofPliy.sicalScicnceCummitt.ee... ih. 

Secretaries, election of ... ... ... ... 3G 

,, office of ... ... ... ... 20 

Sewell (Pi.), withdrawal of ... ... ... ... 40 

Shamsabad, Inscription from ... ... ... ... 76 

Sliastri (Haraprasadj, ancient Bengali Litei-ature under Muham- 

madan Patronage ... ... US 

,, „ discovery of th.^ remnants of Buddhism ia 

Bengal ... ... ... 13.5 

„ „ elected Joint Philological Secretary ... 36 
Shibli Nomani ( Shams -ul-Ulama Manlvie), elected an Ordinary 

Member ... ... ... ... ... 83 

Shore and Shallow-water Z>/-oc%»ra ... ... ,,, 118 

Shyamaldas (MaliamahapoJhyaya Kaviraja), death of ... 102 
,, ,, elected Member of History 

and Archaeological Committee 66 

Sibsagar, find of old coins in . . . ... ... ... 59 

Siemens (Dr. Warner), death of ... ... ... 41 

Sikkim, Meconopsis from ... ... ... ... 78 

Simpson (Dr. W. J.), elected Member of Council ... ... 37 

,, ,, elected Member of Physical Science Com- 
mittee ... ... ... 66 

Singh (Rai Bahadur Dhanapati), withdrawal of ... ... 4(j 

Singh (Kumar Indrachandra), death of ... ... ... 84 

Singh, Bahadur (His Highness Raja Vishwanath), elected an 

Ordinary Member ... ... ... ... 5,5 

Sinha (Kunwar Kushal Pal), elected an Ordinary Member ... JOl 

Smith (V. A.), elected Member of Coins Committee ... ... 66 

„ „ further Observations on the History and Coinage 

of the Gupta period ... ... ... 1.34 



160 Index. 

Page 

Smith (V. A.), note on the Soligaura, copper-plate ... ... 85 

Societies Institutions, &c., to vvhicli tlie publications of the Asiatic 
Society have been sent during the year, or from which publica- 
tions have been received ... ... ... ... 23 

Sobgaura copper-plate, exhibition of ... ... ... 84 

Sprenger (Dr. Aloys), death of ... ... ... 41 

Stokes (Sir George Gabriel), elected a Honoi^ary Member ... 5-5 
Tarkalankara (Mahamahapodhyaya Ciiandra Kanta), elected a 

Honorary Member ... ... ... ... 56 

Temple (Major R. C.), elected Member of History and Archaeolo- 
gical Committee... ... ... 6Q 

„ „ elected Member of Philological Committee 65 

Thibaut (Dr. G. ), elected Member of Philological Committee ... ib 
,, ,, on the hypothesis of the Babylonian Origin 

of the so-called lunar zodiac ... ... 334 

Thieves and Robbers, Folk-lore about ... ... ... 103 

Thomas' Chronicles of the Pathans Kings of Delhi, No. 5, coins 

supplementary to ... ... ... ... 90 

Thuillier (Col. J.), elected Member of Physical Science Com- 
mittee ... ... ... ... ••• 66 

Thurston (E.), elected Member of Anthropological Committee ... ib. 

,, ,, elected Member of Coins Committee ... ... ib. 

,, ,, elected Member of Natural History Committee ... ib. 

Tibetan Jails ... ... ... ... ... 5 

Topography of the Arabian Sea ... ... ... 118 

Treasurer, election of ... ... ... ... 36 

Tribedi (Beni Madho), membership cancelled ... ... 3 

Tribes, Clans and Castes of Nepal ... ... ... 42 

Vansittart (Captain Eden), note on the Tribes, Clans and Castes 

of Nepal ... ... ... ... ... ib. 

Venis (A.), elected Member of Philological Committee ... 65 

Vice-Presidents, election of ... ... ... ... 36 

Viceroy and Governor-General of India, acceptance of the office of 

Patron by the ... ... ... ... 84 

Visiting Committee, election of ... ... ... 65 

Vost (Surgeon-Captain William), compounded subscription as 

non-resideut member ... 135 

,, ,, elected an Ordinary Member 117 

Waddell (Dr. L. A.), withdrawal of ... ... ... 56 

Walsh (Dr. J. H. Tull), appointed Anthropological Secretary ... 84 

„ „ elected Natural History Secretary ,,. 36 



LIST OF MEMBERS 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL 

On the 31ST Decembei^ 1S93, 



LIST OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF COUNCIL 

OF THE ASTATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL 

FOR THE YEAR 1893. 



President. 
The Hon. Sir C. A. Elliott, K. C. S. I. 

Vice-Presidents. 

A. Pedler, Esq., F. R. S. 

C. J. Lyall, Esq., M. A., LL.D., C. S. I., C. I. E. 

Dr. A. F. R. Hoernle. 

Secretaries and Treasurer. 

G. A. Grierson, Esq., C. S. 

Dr. J. H. Tull Walsh. 

The Hon. Mr. H. H. Risley, C. I. E. 

C. R. Wilson, Esq., M. A. 

Pandit Haraprasad Sastri, M. A. 

C. Little, Esq., M. A. 

Other Members of Council. 

Biibu Pratapacliandra Ghoslia, B. A. 
L. de Niceville, Esq., F. E. S. 
Colonel H. S. Jarrett. 
Dr. Mabendralal Sarkar, C. I. E. 
E. C. Cotes, Esq. 

The Hon. Mr. Justice Amir Ali, C. I. E. 
Colonel J. Waterbouse, B. S. C. 
Mahamahopadbyiiya Mabesachandra Nyayaratna, 

C. I. E. 



LIST OF ORDINARY MEMBERS. 



R. = Resident. N. R. = Non-Residcnt. A. = Absent. N. S. = Non-Sabscribing. 
L. M. = Life Member. F. M. = Foreign Member. 



N. B. — Members who have changed their residence since the list was drawn 
up are requested to give intimation of such a change to the Secrefarieti, in order 
that the necessary alteration may be made in the subsequent edition. Errors or 
omissions in the following list should also be communicated to the Secretaries. 

Members who ai-e about to leave India and do not intend to return are parti- 
cularly requested to notify to the Secretaries whether it is their desire to continue 
Members of the Society ; otherwise, in accordance with Rule 40 of the Bye-Laws, 
their names will be removed from the list at the exiDiration of three years from the 
time of their leaving India. 



Date of Election. 



1888 Feb. 1. i N.R. 



A. 

N.R. 

R. 
R. 

L.M. 
R. 

F.M. 

H. 
N.R. 

R. 
N.R. 

1892 Feb. 3. N.R. 
1872 April 3. ! N.R. 
1869 Feb. 3. N.R. 



1889 Nov. 6. 
1860 July 4. 

1888 April 4. 

1888 Feb. 1. 

1884 Mar. 5. 

1874 June 3. 

1865 Jan. 11. 
1884 Sept. 3. 
1893 Aug. 31. 
1892 Jan. 6. 

1890 July 2. 



Adamson, Major Charles Henry Ellison, M. s. C, 

Deputy Commissioner. Sagaing. 
Adie, Sui'o-eon- Captain J. R., M. B. Europe. 
Ahmad Khan, Hon. Maulvi Sir Sayid, Bahadur, 

K. c. S. I. Aligarh. 
Ahmud, Shams-ul-ulana Maulvi, Khan Bahadur, 

Ai-abic Professor, Presidency College. Calcutta. 
Alcock, Surgeon-Captain Alfred William, M. B., 

Superintendent, Indian Museum. 
A'li, Sir Ali Qadr Syud Hassan, Nawab Bahadur 

K. c. I. E. Murshedabad. 
Amir Ali, Hon, o. i. E., M. A. Barrister-at-Law, 

Judge, High Court. Calcutta. 
Anderson, John, m. d., p. r, s., f. l. 3. Europe. 
Anderson, J. A. Calcutta. 
Anderson, Dr. R. Bombay. 
Arnold, Henry Kercliever Walter. Calcutta. 
Arnold, Thomas Walker, B. A., M. r. a. s., Pro- 
fessor, Muliammadan Anglo-Oriental College. 

Aligar. 
Arthur, O. G., c. s. Etah, N.-W.P.^ 
Asban-ullah, Khan Bahadur, Nawab. Dacca. 
Attar Singh, Bahadur, Mahamahopadhyciya Sirdar, 

Sir, K. c. I. E., M. u. F., Chief of Bliadour. 

Ludia7ia. 



Date of Election. 

1889Auff.29. 



N.R. 



1870 Feb. 2. 

1891 Mar. 4. 

1892 Aug. 3. 
]891 April 1. 

1805 Nov. 7. 
1889 May 1. 

1869 Dec. 1. 

1877 Jan. 17. 

1885 Nov. 4. 

1893 April 6. 
1864 Sept. 7. 

1878 Sept. 25. 
1876 Nov. 15. 

1878 Oct. 4. 
1S92 April 6. 

1879 Mar. 5. 
1884 Jan. 2. 

1884 Feb. 6. 

1885 Mar. 4. 

1859 Aug. 3. 

1893 Feb. 1. 
1885 Mar. 4. 
1890 July 2. 

1893 Mar. J. 

1880 Nov. 3. 

1890 Dec. 3. 
1876 Nov. 15. 
1876 May 4. 
1860 Mar. 7. 

1891 Aug. 27. 
1887 May 4. 
1862 Feb. 5. 

1S79 April 2. 
1893 Feb. 1. 



L.M. 
N.R. 

R. 
N.R. 

N.S. 
R. 

L.M. 
N.R. 

R. 

N.R. 

A. 

R. 

F.M. 

R. 

R. 
N.R. 

A. 

A. 
N.R. 

L.M. 

N.R. 
A. 
A. 

R. 
N.R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 

L.M. 

A. 

R. 

L.M 

R. 
R. 



Aziz-ud-din Ahmad, Deputy Collector aud Magis- 
trate. Garlnval. 

Baden-Povrell, Baden Henry, c. I. E., C. s. Europe. 

Baillie, D. C, c. s. Naini Tal. 

Baker, Lieutenant Donald. Calcutta. 

Baker, E. C. S. NortJi Cachar. 

Ball, Valentine, M. A., f. e. s., f. G. s. Europe. 

Bauerji, Hon. Gurudas, M. A., D. L., Judge, High 

Court. Calcutta. 
Barkex', R. A., m. d., Civil Surgeon. Europe. 
Barman, Kishor Kumar Radha Dev, Juvraj of Hill 

Tipperah. Tipperah. 
Barman, Damudar Das. CalcxUta. 
Batabyal, UmesChunder, c. s. Malda. 
Beames, John, c. S. Europe. 
Beighton, T. D., c. s. Calcutta. 
Beveridge, Henry, c. s. Europe. 
Bbakta, Krishna Gopal. Calcutta. 
Bbattacharjee, Janaki Nath. Calcutta. 
Biddulpb, Col. J., B. S. c. Gxvalior. 
Bidie, Surgeon-General G., C. i. B., f. l. S., m. b. 

Europe. 
Bigg- Wither, Major A. C, b. A., A. i. c. E. Europe. 
Bilgrami, Syud Ali, B. A., A. r. s. m., f. G. S. 

Hyderaljad. 
Blanford, W. T., A, E. s. M., f. r. s., f. g. S., f. e. G. s., 

f. z. s. Europe. 
Bodding, The Rev. A. Bampore Haut. 
Bolton, C. W., c. S. Europe. 
Bonnerjee, Womes Chunder, Barrister, Middle 

Teinple. Europe. 
Bose, Bhupendra Natb, Solicitor. Calcutta. 
Bose, Pramatha Nath, b. sc, f. g. s.. Geological 

Survey of India. 
Bose, Rai Nali Naksha, Bahadur, Chairman, Burd- 

wan Municipality. Burdwan. 
Bowie, Colonel M. M., Commissioner, C. P. 

Nagpur. 
Bradshaw, Surgeon-Major-General A. F., Honorary 

Surgeon to the Viceroy, M. D., c. B. Simla. 
Brandis, Sir Dietrich, k. c. i. e., ph. d., f. l. S,, 

F. R. S. Europe. 
Brown, Dr. E. H. Europe. 
Bural, Nobinchand, Solicitor. Calcutta. 
Bysack, Gaurdas. Calcutta. 

Calcutta, The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of. Calcutta. 
Ca.spersz, A. A., Barrister-at-Law. Calcutta. 



Date of Election. 

1890 June 4. 

1893 July 5. 
1892 Dec. 7. 

1892 Aug. 3. 

1893 Sept. 28. 
1893 Nov. 1. 
1861 Mar. 1. 

13S0 Nov. 3. 
1885 Feb. 4. 

1890 Feb. 5. 
1889 Sept. 26. 

1889 April 3. 

1885 April 1. 
1877 Aug. 30. 

1880 Aug. 26. 

1881 May 4. 

1889 Nov. 6. 

1886 Aug. 26. 

1890 Dec. 3. 

1874 Nov. 4. 
1884 Aug. 6. 

1876 Mar. 1. 

1887 Aug. 25. 

1877 June 6. 
1874 Mar. 4. 

1888 Dec. 5. 
1873 Aug. 6. 



N.R. 

N.R. 

R. 
N.R. 

R. 

R. 
N.R. 

N.R. 
N.R. 

R. 
N.R. 

R. 

A. 
A. 

F.M. 
N.R. 

R. 
F.M. 

N.R. 

F.M. 

R. 
F.M. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

N.R. 

R. 



1873 Dec. 3. 

1892 Mar. 2. 
1865 June 7. 
1879 April 7. 

1893 Nov. ]. 



N.R. 

N.R. 
N.R. 
N.R. 

R. 



Cliakravarti, Man Molian, m. a., b. l., Deputy 

J\lagistrate. Jajpur, GuttacJc. 
Chatterjee, Radhikaraman. Enngporc. 
Chatterjee, Sarat Cliandra, B. A. Calcutta. 
Chaube, Behary Lall. Bankipxir. 
Chaudliuri, Jianawarilala, B. sc. Edin. Calcutta. 
Chaudhuri, Gyauendra Kumar Rai. Calcutta. 
Ciiaudliuri, HaracLaudra, Zemindar. Sherpur, 

Mymensinijli. 
Chaudhuri, Rai Khirod Chandra. Cliupra. 
Chaudhuri, liaja Suryakanta, Bahadur. Mymen- 

singli. 
Cbuckerbutty, A. Goodeve, b. c. s. Calcutta. 
Chuckerbutty, Raja Ramranjau, Bahadur. Hitam- 

pur, Beerblioom. 
Chunder, Hon'ble Gonesh Chuuder, Solicitor. 

Cat cut fa. 
Clark, H. Martyn, M. B. Europe. 
Clarke, Lieut. -Col. Heury Wilberforce, E. E. 

Europie. 
Clerk, Colonel Malcolm G. Europe. 
Cockburn, John, Asst. Sub-Deputy Opium Agent. 

AUahahad. 
Colville, William Brown. Calcutta. 
Condenhove, Count H., Attache Austro-Hungarian 

Ambassy. ToJcio. 
Connan, William, c. E,, Public Works Department. 

C^ittack. 
Constable, Archibald, M. l. C. E. Europe. 
Cotes, Everard Charles, Indian Museum. Calcutta, 
Crawfurd, James, B. A., c. S., Europe. 
Criper, William Risdon, F. c. S., F. i. c, A. R. s. M. 

Cofssipore. 
Croft, Sir A. W., K. c. I. E., M. A. Director of Public 

Instructions, Bengal. Calcutta. 
Crombie, Surgeon-Major Alexandei*, M. d., Presi- 
dency General Hospital. Calcutta. 
Crooke, William, B. A., c. s.. Magistrate and Col- 
lector. Mirzapur. 
Cunningham, Surgeon-Major David Douglas. Ho- 
norary Surgeon to the Viceroy. Calcutta. 

Dames, Mansel Longworth, c. s., Asst. Commis- 
sioner, Dera Ghazi Khan. 

Das, Gopal Ballabh, m. a. Pooree. 

Das, Raja Jaykrishna, Bahadur, c. s. i. Moradahad. 

Das, Ram Saran, M. A., Secy., Oudh Commercial 
Bank, Limited. Fyzahad, Oudh. 

De, B, c. s. Calc^itta. 



Date of Eleetion. 



1885 May 
1893 Mar. 
1862 May 
1877 July 



1886 June 2. 



1887 Nov. 2. 
1892 Sep. 22. 

1889 Jau. 2. 

1879 Feb. 5. 

1892 Jan. 6. 
1877Au^.30. 
1892 Aug. 25. 

1890 Sept. 25. 



1870 Mar. 9. 

1871 Dec. 2. 

1892 May 4. 

1886 Jan. 6. 

1891 Aug. 27. 

1879 July 2. 
1869 Sept. 1. 
1886 April 7. 

1893 May 8. 

1892 May 4. 

1876 July 5. 



1893 Jau. n. 
1880 April 7. 

1859 Aug. 3. 
1867 Dec. 4. 
1889 Jan. 2. 

1883 Aug. 30. 
1889 Mar. 6. 
1H69 Feb. 3. 

1884 Dec. 3. 



N.R. 

F.M. 

N.R. 

R. 

R. 



A. 

R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 

R. 

N.R. 



L.M. 
N.R. 

R. 

R. 

N.R. 

R. 
A. 
N.R. 
A. 
R. 

N.R. 



N.R. 
N.R. 

LM. 

A. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

R. 
N.R. 



De, Raja Baikuntanath, Babaclur. Balasore. 

Deussen, Dr. Paul. Europe. 

Dliauapati Singh Dughar, Rai Bahadur. Azimganj. 

Diler Jang, Nawab Syad Ashgar Ali, Khan Baha- 
dur, c. s. I. Calcutta. 

Doyle, Patrick, c. e., m. r. i. a., m. i. c. e. i., p. r. a. s., 
F. R. s. E., F. G. s., p. R. Met. s., L. s. (Exam.)., 
M. Lond. Math. Soc, f. s. s., Fel. San. Inst., M. 
Aus. Inst. M. E. Calcutta. 

Drivei*, Walter Henry Parker. Europe. 

Drury, Dr. F. G. Calcutta. 

Dudgeon, Gerald Cecil, Lebong Tea Company. Bar- 
jeeling. 

Dutbie, J. F., Director, Government Botanical 
Survey, Northern India. Saharanpur. 

Dutt, Gerindranath. Hativa. 

Dutt, Kedarnath, Depy. Collector. Pooree. 

Dutt, Narsingh. Hoicrah. 

Dutt, Roraesh Chunder, b. c. s., Barrister-at-Law, 
Middle Temple. Burdwan. 

Edinburgh, H. R. H. The Duke of. Europe. 
Eliot, J., M. A., Meteorological Reporter to the Govt. 

of India. Simla. 
Elliott, Hon'ble Sir C. A., k. c. s. i., Lieut.-Gover- 

nor of Bengal. Calcutta. 
Eison, Samuel R., Bengal Pilot Service. Calcutta. 
Ernest, Diego, Merchant. Delhi. 

Finucane, M., c. s. Europe. 

Fislier, John Hadden, c. 6. Europe. 

Fleet, John Faithfull, c. i. E., c. s. Poona. 

Forbes, Major H. F. Gordon. Europe. 

Forrest, G. W., B. A., Assistant Secretary to the 

Government of India, Home Department. Calcutta. 
Foulkes, The Rev. Thos., F. L. s., M. R. A. s., F. R. G. s. 

Salevi, Madras Presidency. 

Gait, E. A., c. s. Shillong. 

Gajapati, Ananda Ram, K. c. i. E., Raja of Viziana- 

gram. Vizlanagram. 
Gastrell, General James Eardley. Europe. 
Gay, E., M. A., F. R. A. s. Europe. 
Ghose, Jogendrachandra, M. A., B. L. Calcutta. 
Ghose, Manmohan. Calcutta. 
Ghosha, Bhupendra Sid. Calcutta. 
Ghosha, Pratapchaudra, B. A. Calcutta. 
Giles, George M. J., M. B , F. R. c. s., Civil Medical 

Officer, Lawrence Military Asylum. Sanaivar. 



Date uf Election. 

1886Sqpt.30. 



1890 Aug. 6. 

1882 May 3. 
1861 Feb. 5. 

1881 Mar. 2. 
1892 Aug. 25. 
1876 Nov. 15. 
1885 Dec. 2. 

1888 July 4. 

1892 Jan. 6. 

1883 Jan. 3. 
1892 May 4. 
1890 June 4. 



1875 Mar. 3. 

1890 April 2. 
3892 Aug. 3. 

1872 Dec. 5. 

1878 Mar. 6. 
1886 June 2. 

1891 July 1. 
1884 Mar. 5. 

1873 Jan. 2. 
18G3 Jan. 15. 

1878 Sept. 25. 
1884 May. 2. 

1890 Dec. 3. 



1866 Mar. 7. 
1884 May 2. 

1880 Dec 1. 
18G9Aug. 4. 



N.R. Gimlette, Surgeon George Hart Desmond, Bengal 
Medical Service, M. d., m. cu., h. r. c. s., l. s. a., 
Sntna, E. I. R. 
R GoethaLs, His Grace The Most Rev. Dr. Paul, s. J., 

Archbishop. Calcidta. 
R. Golam Sarwar, Maulavi. Calcutta. 
N.S. Goodwiu-Austen, Lieut.-Colonel H. H., f. u. s., P. z. s., 
F. R. G. s. Etirope. 
R. Gosain, Hem Ch under. Calcutta. 
N.R. Greeven, R., c. s. Mussoorie. 

R. Grierson, George Abraham, c. s. Hoxvrah. 
N.R. Griesbach, C. L., c. i. e., f. g. s., Deputy Superin- 
tendent, Geological Survey of India. 
R. Gupta, Rajauikanta. Calcutta. 

N.R. Haig, Lieutenant Wolseley. Alcola. 
N.R. Harding, Francis Henry, b. a., c. s. Mymensmgh. 
N.R. Harrison, Lieutenant W. A., R. E. Barjeeling. 
R. Heilgers, Robert Philip, Consul for H. I. M. the 
Emperor of Austria and Hungary, Knight of the 
Imperial Order of the Iron Crown, Commandeur 
Ordre Imperiale de Medjidie, f. r. g. s., f. b. s. s. 
Calcutta. 
N.R. i Hendley, Surgeon-Major Thomas Holbein, c. i. e. 
Jaipur. 
R. Hickson, F. G. Calcutta. 
R. ' Hill, Samuel Charles. Chinsurah. 
R. Hoernle, A. P. R., ph. d., Principal of the Cal- 
cutta ]\Iadi'asa. 
A. Hoey, W., c. s. Europe. 
R. Hogg, Alexander. Calcutta. 
R. Holland, Thomas H. Calcutta. 
N.R. Hooper, John, c. s., Secretary, Board of Revenue. 

Allahabad. N.-W. P. 
L.M. ; Houstouu, G. L., F. g. S. Europe. 
N.R. Howell, Mortimer Sloper, c. s., c. i. E. ShahjaJian- 
pur. 
A. Hughes, G., c. s. Europe. 
N.R. Hussein, Syud, B. a., Secy, to Nizam of Hyderabad's 
Council. Hyderabad. 
R. Hyde, The Rev. Henry Barry, m. a., Bengal Ecclesi- 
astical Establishment. Calcutta. 

F.M. Irvine, William, c. s. Europe. 

N.R. Iskander A'li Mirza, Prince. Mursliedahad. 

A. Jackson, William Grierson, c. s. Eurojje. 
R. Jalian Qadr Muhammad Wahid Ali, Bahadur, Priiico. 
Garden Beach. Calcutta, 



Date of Election. 




1879 M^r. 5. 


R. 


J873 Dec. 3. 


N.R. 


1882 Mar. 1. 
1874 Dec. 2. 


N.R. 
N.R. 


1884 Nov. 5. 
1867 Dec. 4. 


A. 
R. 


1881 Mar. 2. 


N.R. 


1862 Jan. 15. 


R. 


1891 Feb. 4. 


N.R. 


1893 July 1. 
1890 April 2. 


R. 
A. 


1889 July 3. 


N.R. 


1887 May 4. 


L.M. 


1891 Jmie 3. 
1877 Sep. 27. 


N.R. 
N.R. 


1889 Mar. 6. 


N.R. 


1881 Mar. 2. 


N.R. 


1889 Nov. 6. 
1889 Feb. 6. 
1892 Sep. 22. 
1886 Sep. iJO. 
1809 July 7. 


R. 
R. 
A. 
R. 
R. 


1892 Sep. 22. 
1870 April 7. 


R. 
L.M. 


1868 Dec. 2. 
1893 Jan. 11. 
1848 April 5. 


A. 
N.R. 
L.M. 


1873 Dec. 3. 
1891 Feb, 4. ! 


A. 

N,R. 



Jarrett, Lt.-Col. H. S., B. s. c, Secy, to the Board 

of Examiners. Calcutta. 
Johore, H. H. the Maharaja of, K. o. s. i. New 

JoJwre, SivgajJore. 

Kennedy, Pringle, M. A. Moznfferpnr. 

Khuda Baksh, Khan Bahadur, Maulavi. Banhi- 
pur. 

Kitts, Eustace John, c. s. Europe.. 

King, Brigade-Surgeon G., c. i. e., m. b., f. l. S., 
Supdt., Royal Botanic Garden. Sihpur. 

King, Lucas White, B. A., ll. b., C. s., Deputy Com- 
missioner. Delira Ismail Khan. 

King, W., B. A., D. sc. Director, Geological Survey 
of India. Calcutta. 

Kupper, Hon. Lala Bunbehari. Burdwan. 

Lahari, Sarat Chiindva. Hooghhj. 

Lake, Philip, b. a., (Cantab.), Geological Survey of 
India. Europe. 

Lai, Pandit Brij Bukhan. Public Works Depart- 
ment. Kurnal, Pfinjab. 

Lanman, Charles R., Corresponding Secretary of 
the American Oriental Society, Professor of San- 
skrit in Harvard College. Cambridge, Mass. U. 
S. America. 

Lathom-Browne, TheRev. D. G., Chaplain. Slieiohoe. 

La Touche, James John Digges, B. A., c. s., 
AUaliahad. 

La Touche, Thomas Henry Digges, M. a. Deputy 
Su23erintendent, Geological Survey of India. 

Lee, J. Bridges, M. A., F. G. s., F. c. s., F. z, s., 
Barrister-at-Law. Lahore. 

Lee, W. A. Calc7itfa. 

Little, C, M. A., Bengal Education Service. Calcutta. 

Lovelock, A. S. Europe. 

Luson, Hewling, c. s., Calcutta. 

Lyall, Charles James, M. A , ll. d., c. s. i., c. i. e., 
Secretary, Government of India, Home Depart- 
ment. Calcutta. 

Lyell, George. Calcutta. 

Lyman, B. Smith. Philadelphia, Pa., U. S. America. 

Macauliffe, Michael, B. A , c. s. Europe. 

Maclagan, E. D., m. a., c. s. Simla. 

Maclagan, General Robert, R. e., ll. d., f. h. s. e., 

F. K. G. s. Europe. 
MacLeod, Brigade- Surgeon Kenneth, M. D. Europe. 
Macpherson, Duncan J., c. s. Gya. 



Date of Kleotiou 

1893 A^g. 31. 
1881 July G. 
188G Jan. 6. 



J882 
1889 
1891 
1869 
1893 
1889 
1893 
1892 
1884 



Aug. 2. 
Jan. 2. 
Aug. 27. 
Sept. 1. 
July 5. 
Mar. 
]\Iar. 
April 
Dec. 



1886 Auff. 20. 



1886 Mar. 
1884 Nov. 



1884 Sept. 3. 
1870 July 6. 



1874 May 
1890 Dec. 
1S76 Dec. 
1880 May 
1864 Nov. 
1879 May 
1886 July 



1892 Mar. 2. 
1892 Dec. 7. 
1867 Mar. 6. 



1890 July 

1886 May 

1887 May 



1885 June 3. 

1887 June 1. 
1876 May 4. 

1881 Nov. 2. 
1889 Aug. 29. 
1887 April 6. 



N.R. 

R. 

N.R. 

R 
R. 
R. 
R. 
R. 
R. 
R. 
A. 
N.R. 

N.R. 

L.M. 
N.R. 

R. 
R. 

N.R. 

N.R. 
N.R. 

A. 
N.R. 

K. 

R. 

R. 
R. 
R. 

R. 
R. 

R. 



N.R. 

N.R. 
R. 

R. 
L.M. 
N.R. 



Mahatha, Purmesliwar Narain. Moznffcrpore. 
Mahomed Firukh Shah, Prince. CalciUta. 
Mahomed Latif Khan, Sayyid, Khau Bahadur. 

Gurdaspur. 
IMahomed Ynsoof, Hon. Maulavi. Calcutta. 
Maliah, Kumar Rameswar. Uowrah. 
Mallik, H. C. Calcutta. 
Mallik, Yadulal. Calcutta. 
Mangos, C D. Calcutta. 
Mann, John, m. a. Calcutta. 
Marriott, C. R., C. s. Calcutta. 
IVInynard, Surgeon-Captain F. P. Eurojje. 
McCabe, R. B., c. s., Dejjuty Commissiouur. Tczpur, 

As sain. 
Meade, Capt. Malcolm John, s. c, Political Agent. 

Bhopaumr. 
Mehta, Rustomjee Dhunjecbhoy. Calcutta. 
Middlemiss, C. S., b. a.. Assistant Supeiintendent, 

Geological Survey of India. 
Miles, William Harry. Calcutta. 
Miller, A. B., b.a., Barrister-at-Law, Official Trnslee. 

Calcxitta. 
Minchin, F.J. V, AsJca, Ganjam. 
Mitra, Varada Charana. Joint-Magisti'ate. Puorce. 
Mockler, Col. E., Political Agent. Muscat. 
Mules worth, Capt. E. H. Europe. 
Muir, J. W., M. A., c. s. Jaunpur. 
Mukerjea, Bhudeva, c. l. e. Chinsurah. 
Mukerjea, Nilmani, Professor, Sanskrit College. 

Calcutta. 
Miikerjea, Nrisinha Chundra. Calcutta. 
Mukerjea, Panchanan. Calcutta. 
Mukerjea, Rajci, The Hon. Pearimohan, c. s. i., M. A. 

Uttarpa7-a. 
Mukharji, T. N. Calcutta. 
Mukhopadhyaya, Dr. Asutosh, m. a., f. r. a. s. 

F. R. s. E. Calcutta. 
Munro, Thomas R., Port Commissioners Depart- 
ment. Calcutta. 

Naemwoollah, Maulavf, Deputy Magistrate. Mom^ 

clahad. 
Narain, Rao Govind Rao. Allahabad. 
Nash, A. M., m. a., Bengal Education Service, 

Calcutta. 
Niceville, L. de., F. e. s. Calcutta. 
Nimmo, John Duncan. Calcutta. 
Noetling, Fritz, Ph. D. Paleeontologist to the Geo- 

logical Survey of India. 



Pnte of blpction. 

1893 ilb. 1. 
1892 Oct. 27. 
1885 Feb. 4. 



1879 Aug. 28. 

1883 Dec. 1. 

1883 Aug. 30. 
1887 July 6. 

1880 Auff. 4. 



1888 Feb. 1. 

1880 Jan. 7. 
1862 May 7. 

1871 Dec. 6. 
1873 Aug. 6. 

] 888 June 6. 
1865 Sept. 6. 

1881 Aug. 25. 

1877 Aug. 1. 

1389 Nov. 6. 
1893 Jan. 11. 

1889 Mar. 6. 

1892 Aug. 3. 
1889 Mar. 6. 
1889 Nov. 6. 

1881 Feb. 2. 

1880 April 7. 
1887 May 4. 

1889 June 5. 



1884 Mar. 
1860 Jan. 



N.R. 

N.R. 

R. 



F.M. 

N.R. 

F.M. 
R. 

L.M. 



L.M. 

R. 
L.M. 

N.R. 
R. 

L.M. 
N.R. 

R. 

N.R. 

A. 

N.R. 

R. 

R. 
N.R. 
N.R. 

A. 

R. 
R. 

R. 

A. 
N.R. 



Nolan, P. c. s. Bajshahye. 

Norvill, Dr. Frederic H. Dibrugarh. 

Nyayaratna, Maliamaliopadhyaya Mahesacbandra, 

c. I. E. Calcutta. 

Oldham, Brigade- Surgeon C. F., F. R. G. S. 
Europe. 

Oldham, R. D., a. r. s. m., f. g. s., Deputy Super- 
intendent, Geological Survey of India. 

Oliver, Edw^. Emmerson, m. i. c. e. Europe. 

Oung, Moung Hla, Financial Department, Govern- 
ment of India. Calcutta. 

Paudia, Pandit Mohanlall Vishnulall, F. T. S., Prime 
Minister, Partabgarh State in Rajputna via 
Mandsaur. 

Pandit, Hon. Ajodhianath. Allahabad. 

Pargiter, Frederick E., b. a., c. s. Calcutta. 

Partridge, Surgeon-Major Samuel Bowen, la. D., 
Europe. 

Peal, S. E. Sibsagar, Assam. 

Pedler, Alexander, f. r. s., Bengal Education Ser- 
vice. Calcutta. 

Penuell, Aubray Percival, B. A., c. S. Bangoon. 

Peppe, T. F., Tiril Tea Estate. Banchi, Lohar- 
dugga. 

Percival, Hugh Melvile, M. A., Bengal Education 
Service. Calcutta. 

Peters, Surgeon-Major C. T., M. B. Bijapur, Bom- 
bay. 

Phillott, Capt. D. C. Europe. 

Pillay, P. Sundaram. Trivandrum. 

Pi\ain, David, m. a., m. b., l. r. C. s., i. R. s. e., i. l. s., 
Royal Botanic Garden. Sibpur. 

Pramauick, Asutosh. Calcutta. 

Prasad, Hanuman, Raes and Zemindar. Chunar. 

Pi-asada, Pandit Jwala, M. A., Assistant Commis- 
sioner. Bai Bareli. 

Prideaux, Colonel William Francis, B. s. C Europe. 

Rai, Bipina Chandra, B. L. Calcutta. 

Ray Prasannakumar, D. sc, (Lond. and Edin.) 

Professor, Presidency College. Calcutta. 
Raye, Brigade- Surgeon Daniel O'Connell, M. D. 

Calcutta. 
Risley, Hon. H. H., B. A., c. s., c. i. e. Europe. 
Rivett-Caruac, John Henry, c. i. E., F. s. A., c. S., 

Opium Agent. Ghazipur. 



Date of E lection 




1889 June 5. 


R. 


1888 June G. 


R. 


1890 Mar. 5. 


N.R. 


1888 June G. 


R. 


1885 Mar. 4. 


R. 


1889 June 5. 


N.R. 


1893 Aug. 2. 


R. 


1887 June 1. 


R. 


1867 April 3. 


R. 


1885 Mar. 4. 


R. 


1885 Feb. 4. 


R. 


1893 Jan. 11. 


L.M. 


1888 Feb. 1. 


A. 


1884 April 2. 


A. 


1874 July 1. 


R. 


1888 Sept. 27. 


R. 


188G Mar. 3. 


N.R. 


1885 April 1. 


R. 


1885 April 1. 


N.R. 


1879 Jan. 8. 


N.R. 


1892 Dec. 7. 


N.R. 


1891 June 3. 


N.R. 


1882 May 3. 


N.R. 


1889 JS"ov. 6. 


N.R. 


1887 April 6. 


R. 


1893 Mar. 1. 


N.R. 


1880 June 2. 


N.R. 


1884 Sept. 3. 


R. 


1878 Oct. 4. 


N.R. 


1877 June 6. 


N.R 


1892 Mar. 2. 


L.M 


1889 Aug. 29. 


N.R 


1892 Aug. 3. 


N.R 


1889 Nov. 6. 


N.R 


1859 Aug. 3. 


R. 


1893 April 5. 


N.R 


1872 Aug. 5. 


N.R 



Rowc, F. J., M. A., Bengal Eelucatiou Service. 

CaJcntta. 
Roy, Kumar Dcnendro Narayan. Calcutta. 
Roy, Maliiiraja Girjanatb. Dinagepore. 
Roy, Peary Mohuu. Calcutta. 
Rustomjec, H. M. Calcutta. 

Sadler, Major J. Hayes, B. S. C. Muscat. 

Saniajpati, Suresb Chundi-a. Calcutta. 

Sandberg, The Rev. Graham, B. A., Barrister-at- 

Law, Inner Temple. Chaplain. Calcutta. 
Sarkdr, Dr. Mahendralal, c. i. E. Calcutta. 
Sarvadbikari, Rajkumar, Rai Bahadur. Calcutta. 
Sastri, Pandit Haraprasad, M. A. Calcutta. 
Scindia, His Higbnes.s the Maharajah. 
Sclater, William Lutley., M. A. Europe. 
Scotland, John Parry, c. E. Europe. 
Scully, Dr. John. Calcutta. 
Sen-Gupta, Kali Prasanna. Calcutta. 
Sen, Hiralal, Excise Department. Dinagepore. 
Sen, Narendranath. Calcutta. 
Sen, Tadunath. Balia via Cuttack. 
Sewell, R., m. C. s. Bellary. 
Shawo, F. B. Leh Ladal; 
Sbillingford, F. A. Purneali. 
Shyraaladas, Mahamahopadhyaya Kaviraj, Private 

Secy, to H.H. the Maharaja of Udaipur. Udaipur. 
Simpson, Edmund James, L. R. c. p. e., f. l. p. s. g., 

L. M. G. E., Civil Surgeon. Bai Bareli. 
Simpson, Dr. W. J., Health Officer, Calcutta 
Sino-b, Maharajah Kumara Sirdar Bharat, c. s. 

Mirzapore. 
Singh, Thakur Garuradhavvaya Prasad, Raja of 

Beswan, Beswan Fort. Aligarh. 
Singh, Kumilr Indrachandra. Calcutta. 
Siugli, Raja Lachman. Agra. 

Singh, H. H. The Maharaja Sir Luchmessur, Baha- 
dur, K. C. I. E. Darbhanga. 
Singh, Hon'ble Raja Oodaypratab. Blnga. 
Singh, H. H. Prabhanaraiu, Bahadur, Mabar.ija of 

Beuares. 
Singh, H. H. the Maharaja Pratap Naraiu. Ajodhya, 

Oudli. 
Singh, Hon. Raja Ramesbwara, Bahadur. Darbhanga. 
Siiiha, Balaicbaud. Calcutta. 
Siuha, Raja Bhupendra liahadur. Raja of Bijoypur 

Mirzapore. 
Skrefsrud, The Rev. L. 0., Iiuliau Hoiue Mission to 

the Santhals. Raiupnr Hat. 



Date of Kleetion 

1891 dIc. 2. 
18S5 Nov. 4. 
1874 June 3. 

1890 April .2 

1891 Aug. 27. 
1872 July 3. 
1804 Auo-. 11. 



18G8 June 3. 

1893 Aug. 31. 
18G5 Sept.. 6. 
1884 May 5. 
1878 Juue 5. 
1875 June 2. 

3886 Aug. 4. 

1892 Jan. 6. 
1847 June 2. 

18S9 Mar. 6. 

1891 Aug. 27. 
1871 April 5. 
18G1 Juue 5. 

1893 May 3. 
1890 Feb. 5. 



1885 May 6. 



1886 Sep. 
1889 Nov. 


30. 
6. 


A. 
R. 


1865 May 


3. 


R. 


1887 Oct. 
1874 July 
1892 Aug. 
1891 May 


6. 
]. 
3. 
6. 


N.R. 
N.R. 

R. 

R. 


1892 Jan. 
1873 Aug. 


6. 
6. 


N.R. 
N.R. 



R. 

A. 

N.R. 

A. 

F.M. 
A. 
R. 

R. 

N.R. 
A. 
N.R. 
N.R. 
N.R. 

R. 
N.R. 
L.M. 

R. 

N.R. 
F.M, 
L.M, 

N.R. 

N.R. 



R. 



Smith, A. Mervyn, c. E., f. s. A. Calcutta. 

Smith, N. F. F. Enrojie. 

Smith, Vincent Arthui', c. s. Budaun. 

Self, Dr. W. H., German Consiilate Genei-al. ISii- 

ro2Je. 
Stein, Dr. M. A. Em-ope. 
Stephen, Carr., B. h. Europe. 
Swinhoe, W., Attorney- at-Law. Calcutta. 



Tagore, The Hon. Maharaja Sir Jotendra Mohun, 

BahcHflur, K. c. s i. Calcutta. 
Tate, G. P., Survey of India. Q;uetta. 
Tawney, C. H., c. i. E., M. A. Europe. 
Taylor, W. C., Settlement Officer. Khurda. 
Temple, Major. R. C., s. C. Rangoon. 
Thibaut, Dr. G., Professor, Muir Central College. 

Allahabad. 
Thomas, Robert Edmond Skyring. Calcutta. 
Thompson, H. N. Mouywa. 
Thuillier, Major-Genl. Sir Henry Edward Landor, 

R. A., c. s. I., F. K. s. Europe. 
Thuillier, Colonel. H. R., E. E., Surveyor-General 

of India. Calcutta. 
Thurston, Edgar. 3Iadras. 
Ti-efi'tz, Oscar. Etcrope. 
Tremlett, James Dyer, m. a., c. s. Europe. 

Vandya, Raja Ram Chandra. Mayurbhanga, 
District Balasore. 

Venis, Arthur, M. A., Former Boden Sanskrit 
Scholar, Oxford., Principal, Sanskrit College, 
Benares., Professor, Queen's College. Benares. 

Verdeau, Ivan. Calcutta. 

Waddell, Laurence Austine, M. b. Europe. 

Walsh, Surgeon-Captain J. H. Tull, Indian Medi- 
cal Service. Calcutta. 

Waterhouse, Col. James, B. s. c, Assistant Sur- 
veyor-General, Survey of India. Calc^itta. 

Watson, Lieut. Edward Yerbury. Mijingyan. 

Watt, Dr. George, c l. e. Simla. 

Whitehead, The Rev. Henr}^, Calcutta. 

Wilson, Charles Robert, m. a., Bengal Education 
Service. Calcutta. 

Woodburn, The Hon. J., c. s. Nagpur. 

Woodthorpe, Col. Robert Gossett, c. B., R. E., De- 
puty Quarter-Master-General. Simla. 



SPECIAL HONORARY CENTRNARY MEMBERS. 



Date of Election. 

J 884 Jan. 15. 
1884 Jan. 15. 
1884 Jan. 15. 
1884 Jan. 15. 

1884 Jan. 15. 



Df. Ernst Haeckel, Professor in the Uiiivor.siiy of Jena. 
Charles Meldruni, Esq., M. A., F. R. s. MaHritins. 
A. H. Sayce, Esq., Professor of Comp. Philolof^y. Oxford. 
Monsieur Emile Senart, Member of the Institute of 

France. Paris. 
Sir Monier Monier- Williams, Knf. K. c. I. E., M. a., d. c. e., 

LL. D., Bodeu Prof, of Sauskrit. Oxford. 



1848 Feb. 


2 


1853 Apri 


[G 


1858 July 


6 


18G0 ]\rar. 


7. 


1860 Nov. 


7 


1860 Nov. 


7. 


1872 June 


5. 


1875 Nov. 


3. 


3876 April 


5. 


1879 June 


4. 


1879 June 


4. 


1879 June 


4. 


1879 June 


4. 


1879 June 


4. 


1881 Dec. 


7. 


1881 Dec. 


7. 


1881 Dec. 


7. 


1883 Feb. 


7. 


1883 Feb. 


7. 


1883 Feb. 


7. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 

Sir J. D. Hooker, K. c. s. i., c. B., m. d., d. c. l., p. r. s., 

F. G. s. Kew. 
Major-General H. C. Rawlinson, K. c. B., D. c. L., f. r. s., 

London. 
B. H. Hodafson, Esq. Europe. 
Professor Max Miiller. Oxford. 
Dr. Aloys Sprenger. Heidelberg. 
Dr. Albrecht Weber. Berlin. 
Prof. T. H. Huxley, ll. d., ph. d., f. r. s., f. g. s., f. z. s., 

F. L. s. London. 
Dr. O. Bohtlingk. Leipzig. 
Dr. Warner Siemens. Berlin. 
Prof. E. B. Cowell, d. c l. Cambridge. 
Dr. A. Giiuther, v. p. r. s. London. 
Dr. J. Janssen. Paris. 
Prof. H. Milne-Edwards. Paris. 
Prof. P. Reg-naud. Lyons. 

Professor Hermann L. E. Helmlioltz. Berlin. 
Dr. Rudolph v. Roth. Tilhingen. 
Sir William Thompson, Kut., ll. d., f. r. s., f. r. s. e. 

Glasgow. 
W. T. Blanford, Esq., A. R. s. M., f. r. s., f. g. s., f. r. a. s., 

F. z. s. Londoti. 
Alfred Russell Wallace, Esq., f. l. s., f. r. q. s. Parkstone, 

Dorsetshire. 
Prof. William D wight Whitney. Newhaoen, Connecticut, 

U. S. A. ' 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. 



Date (jf Election. 




1844 Oct. 2. 


Ma Chowan, Dr. J. Eurcpe. 


1856 July 2. 


Kramer, A. von. Alexandria. 


1856 „ 2. 


Porter, The Rev. J. Belfast. 


1861 July 3. 


Gosclio, Dr. R. Berlin. 


1862 Mar. 3. 


Murray, A. London. 


18G6 May 7. 


Schlagiutweit, Prof. E. von. Berlin. 



1874 April 


1. 


1875 Dec. 


1. 


1875 „ 


1. 


1882 June 


7. 


1883 Feb. 


7. 


1884 Aug. 


6. 


1885 Dec. 


2. 


1886 Dec. 


1. 


1892 April 


6. 


1892 Dec. 


7. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS. 

Lafont, The Rev. Fr. E., s. J., C. i. e. Calcutta. 

Bate, The Rev. J. D. Allahabad. 

Abdul Hai, Maulavi, Madrassah. Calcutta. 

Giles, Herbert. Europe. 

Rodgcrs, C. J. Amritsar. 

Moore, F., F. R. S., F, l. s. London. 

Fiihrer, Dr. A. Lucknoiv. 

Das, Saratchandra., c. i. E. Calcutta. 

Samasrami, Satyavrata. Calcutta. 

Brilhl, P. J. Seehpur. 



LIST OF MEMBERS WHO HAVE BEEN ABSENT FROM 
INDIA THREE YEARS AND UPWARDS.* 

* Bnle 40. — After the lapse of 3 years from the date of a member 
leavino- India, if no intimation of his wishes shall in the interval have 
been received by the Society, his name shall be removed from the List 
of Members. 

The following members will be removed from the next member list 
of the Society under the operation of the above Rule : 

Surgeon-General G. Bidie, C. i. E., P. L. s., M. B. 
John Hadden Fisher, Esq., c. s. 
E. Gay, Esq., M. A., F. k. a. s. 
William Griei'son Jackson, Esq., C. S. 
Captain E. H. Molesworth. 



XV 

LOSS OF MEMBERS DURING 1893. 
By Retirement. 

Babu Hari Chai'ati Basu. 

P. J. Cai'ter, Esq. 

F. C. Chanuing, Esq., c. s. 

Babu Radhaballabha Chauclhuri. 

General Sir Henry Collett. 

P. Donaldson, Esq. 

J. S. Gamble, Esq. 

Colonel T. H. Haldich, R. e. 

T. W. H. Hughes, Esq. 

Lieutenant-Colonel T. M. Jenkins, M. s. C. 

W. H. Jobbins, Esq. 

R. H. Macleod, Esq., C. S. 

Nawab Syud Mahomed Zainool Abideen Khan Bahadur 

Feroze Jung. 
Colonel S. B. Miles. 
J. W. Oliver, Esq. 
A. Simson, Esq. 
Raja Ram Narain Singh. 



By Death. 



Ordinary Members. 

Nawab Bahadur Abdul Latif Khan, c. i. E. 

Heni-y F. Blanford, Esq., A. R. s. m., f. r. s., f. g. s. (Life 

Member.) 
Lieutenant- General George Byres Main waring. 
E. O'Brien, Esq. c. s. 
Babu Upendra Chandra Roy. 
Pandit Haridas Sastri, M. A. 

Maharaja Sir Harendra Kishore Singh, K. c. I. E. 
James Wood-Mason, Esq. 



Honorary Members. 

Major-General Sir A. Cunningham, R. E., K. c. r. e., c. s. i. 
Monsieur E. Renan. 
Professor J. O. Westwood. 



XVI 

By Removal. 

Uiider Rule 40. 

The Rev. Arthur Lewis, b. a. 
Lieut.- Col. Edward Molloy. 
Lieut. -Col. C. Swinlioe. 



Under Rule 9. 

Babu Sumbhu Natli Sukul. 
Paudit Beui Madho Trebedi. 



[appendix.] 



ABSTRACT STATEMENT 



OF 



RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS 



OF THE 



Asiatic jSociety of j3engal 



FOR 



THE YEAR 1893. 



STATEMENT 
Asiatic Society 



Salaries 

Commission 

Pcusiou 



Stationery 

Liglitiug 

Taxes 

Postage 

Freight 

Meeting 

Eepairs 

Miscellaneous 



Books 

Local Periodicala 

Piinding 

Plates 



Jonrnal, Part I 
Journal, Part II 
Journal, Part III 
Proceedings 



Dp. 



To Establishment. 
Es, 



2,970 7 3 

411 9 7 

43 

3,460 10 



To Contingencies. 



98 13 

83 8 

819 

506 8 11 

15 

77 8 

9,674 1 3 

821 7 8 



11,550 14 5 



To Library and Collections. 



242 7 

31 

911 2 

200 



To Publications. 



1,384 9 



3,083 1 6 

1,376 3 6 

212 12 

902 4 



To Printing charges of Circulars, RecoiiJt-forms, &c 
To Personal Account (Writes off and Miscellaneous) 



Auditors' Fco 



To Extraordinary Expenditure. 
To Balance 

Total Rs, 



5,573 10 


2 


IGl 12 





) 

ITURE. 





22,130 14 5 
177 6 



100 
1,42,830 10 10 

1,65,238 15 3 



No. 1. 
of Bengal. 



Cr. 



By Balance from last report ... ... ... Us. 1,4G,28G 4 8 

By Cash RiiCEiris. 

Pnblications sold for cash ... ... Rs. 51 8 

Interest on Invcstrncnts ... ... ... 5,I5G 

Rout of two rooms on tLe ground floor of the Society's 

Bnildiiigs ... ... ... ... GOO 

Miscellaneous ... ... ... ... liio 11 

Subscription from Government of N.-W. P. .and 
Oudh to tlio Publication of Mr. lloey's Articio 
on Sahet Mahot in JourrtffZ, Part I ... ... 1,000 

Allowance froni Government of Bengal for the pub- 
lication of Joariial, Part III, containing Anthro- 
pological and Cognate Subjects ... ... 2,000 

Allowance from Government of Madx'as for the pub- 
lication of Jounial, Part HI, containing Anthro- 
pological and Cognate Subjects ... ... 500 



9,733 3 

By Personal Accouxt. 

Admission fees ... ... ... ... 80G 

Subscriptions ... ... ... ... 7fi'M 

Sales on credit ... ... ... ... 221 12 

Miscellaneous ... ... ... ... lOS 11 7 

9,219 7 7 



Total Incoiiio ... ....„ 18,952 10 7 



Total Rs. ... 1,65,238 15 3 

C. LITTLE, 
Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Be7igal. 

Examined and found correct. 

Mecgens, King & Simson, 

Auditors. 



STATEMENT 
Oriental Publication Fund in Account 



Dr. 



To Cash Expenditdre. 
Rs. 



Printing charges 

Editing charges 

Salaries 

Freight 

Stationery 

Postage 

Commission on collecting bi 

Contingencies 



To Personal Account (Writes off and Miscellaneoas) 



Total Expenditure 
To Balance ... 



4,020 9 

2,388 13 

1,050 

85 2 

28 4 

179 8 8 

61 15 7 

13 2 3 

7,827 6 6 

3 15 6 



7,831 6 
5,571 15 11 



Total Es. 



13,403 5 11 



No. 2. 

with the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 



Ej Balance from last rci^ort .. 



Govei'ntnent allowance 
Publication sold for cash 
Advance recovered 



Sales on credit 



Cr. 



By Cash Keceipts. 



Rs. 1,283 10 2 



Rs. 9,000 

409 3 6 

72 14 6 



9,182 2 



By Personal Account. 



Total Income 



2,G37 9 9 



12,119 U 9 



Total Rs. ... 13,103 5 11 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Bengal. 



Examined and found correct. 

Medgens, King & Simson, 

Auditors. 



STATEMENT 
Sanslirit Manuscript Fund in Account 





Dr. 








To Cash Expenditure. 






Salaries 


Rs. 


1,473 





Postage 




G 11 





TraTelling cliarjyes 




625 8 


6 


Parcliase of Manuscripts 




770 1 





Copying charges ... 




46 7 





Printing 




839 6 





Contingencies 




143 7 


6 



To Personal Account (Writes off and Miscellaneous) 

Total Expenditure 
To Balance ... 



3,903 9 



10 



3,904 9 
4,9::G 9 10 



Total Ks. 



8,891 2 10 



No. 3. 

ivitli tlie Asiatic Society of Bengal 

Cr. 

By Balance from last report ... ... ... Us. 5,650 2 10 

By Cash Receipts. 

Government allowance ... ... Rs. 3,200 

Publications sold for cash ... ... ... 4 



3,204 



By Personal Account. 
Sales on credit ... ... ... ... 37 



Total Income 3,241 



Total Rs. ... 8,S91 2 10 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Bengal. 

Examined and found correct. 

Meugens, King & Simson, 

Auditors, 



STATEMENT 
Personal 



To Balance fi-ora last report 



Dr. 



To Cash Expendituee. 



Advances for purchase of Sanskrit MSS., &c. 

To Asiatic Society 

To Oriental Publication Fund 

To Sanskrit MSS. Fund 



Rs. 


5,632 14 


6 


9,219 7 7 

2,G37 9 9 

37 


1,366 12 
11,894, 1 




4 



Total Rs. 



18,893 11 10 



No. 4. 
Account. 



XXV 



By Cash receipts ... 

By Asiatic Society 

By Oi'iental Pnblication Fund 

By Sanskrit MSS. Fund 



Cr. 



Rs. 



13,926 12 :', 

177 6 

3 15 6 

10 



lJ,l():i 1 !i 



By Balances. 


Due to the 
Society. 


Duo by the 
Society. 


Members 


■J,068 


9 


7 


130 


9 


8 


Subscribers ... 


54 


6 





65 


9 





Employes 


30 








250 








Agents 


169 


2 


G 











Miscellaneous 


485 


6 


6 


176 11 


10 




5,407 


8 


7 


022 14 


6 



1,784 1 » 1 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Bengal. 



Total Rs 



18,893 11 1(1 



Examined and found correct. 

Meugens, Kin« & SiMSO.V, 

Auditor 



STATEMENT 
Invest 



Dr. 



To Balance fi'om last report 



Nominal. Actual. 

Rs. 1,37,700 1,37,270 13 4 



Total Rs. ... 1,37,700 1,37,270 13 4 



Permanent. 



* Funds. 


Nominal. 


Actual. 




Asiatic Society 
Trust Tund 


1,36,400 
1,300 










1,35,975 
1,295 




13 


7 
9 




1,37,700 








1,37,270 


13 


4 



To Pension 
To Balance 



Dr. 



STATEMENT 
Trust 



Rs. 48 

1,339 3 10 



Total Hs 



1,387 3 10 



No. 3. 
Jiients. 

Bj Balance* 



Cr. 



Nominal. Actnal 

... 1,37,700 1,37,270 13 4 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Benijal. 



Total Rs. ... 1,37,700 1,37,270 13 i 



E.\amined and found correct. 

Mei-gens, King & Simson, 

Auditors. 



No. 6. 
Fund. 



By Balance from last report 
Bv Interest on Investments 



Cr. 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Benyah 



Total Rs. 



Rs. 1,335 3 10 
52 

1,3S7 3 10 



Exaininod and found correct. 

Meugexs, King & Simson, 

Auditors. 



STATEMENT 
Cash 



To Balance from last Report 



To Asiatic Society 

To Oi-iental Publication Fund 

To Sanskrit Manuscript Fund 

To Personal Account 

To Trust Fund 



Dr. 



Receipts. 



Total Rs. 



Rs. 11,651 9 8 



9,733 3 

9,482 2 

3,204 (» 

13,926 12 3 

52 

48,049 10 11 



To Cash 

To Investments 

To Personal Account 



Dr. 



STATEMENT 
Balance 



Rs. 12,673 1 

... 1,37,270 13 4 
4,784 10 1 



Total Rs. ... 1,54,728 8 5 



No. 7. 
Account. 



Ct. 



Expenditure. 



Ry Asiatic Society 

By Oriental Piiblicatiou Fand 

By Saiiski-it Manuscript Fund 

By Personal Account ... 

By Trust Fund 

By Balance 



Rs. 



22,230 14 r, 

7,827 6 5 

3,903 9 

1,366 12 (I 

48 

12,673 1 



Total Rs. 



48,049 10 11 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretari/ and Treasurer, 

Asiatic Society of Bengal. 



Examined and found correct. 

Meugens, King & Simson, 

Auditors. 



No. 8. 
Sheet. 



Cr. 



By Asiatic Society 
By Oriental Publication Fund 
By Sanskrit Manuscript Fand 
By Trust Fund 



Rs. 1,42,830 10 10 

5,571 15 11 

4,986 9 10 

1,.339 3 10 



Total Rs. 



1,54,728 8 5 



C. LITTLE, 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, 

Asiadic Society of Bengal. 



Examined and found correct. 

Meugens, King & Simson, 

A^iditoi