V . . ' . .
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'A- - V
of the Descendants of
AT UMIONVILLE, CHESTEP COUNTY, PA.
September 2ncl, 1905
Together With a Partial Genealogy ahd Other Material
Relating to the ^inAlly
"Those who do not treasure up the memory of
their ancestors, do not deserve to be remembered by
posterity." — Edmund Burke.
West Chester, Pa.
PuDiished bg tt\e Committee for the rairlly
HIS little volume is a sequel to the Bi-centennial
meeting of the descendants of Henry Hayes, who
met at Unionville, Chester County, Pennsylvania,
on September 2nd, 1905, to celebrate the arrival in this
country from England of their common ancestor in 1705.
At this meeting the undersigned were appointed a com-
mittee to publish the papers and other features of the
occasion, and to collect and publish such further material
relating to the family as could be obtained. The results of
these labors are now submitted in this book. Its comple-
tion has been delayed in order to embody the results of a
trip which one of the committee took to the English
homes of our ancestors during the past summer, in search
of further information.
The committee did not undertake to collect material for
a complete genealogical table of the family. That would
be the work of an expert, and would involve a vast
amount of labor, for, according to the estimate of a con-
servative genealogist, the descendants of Henry Hayes
to-day probably number not less than twenty thousand.
In the Historical Sketch, however, (page 17) are given
the beginnings of such a table, bringing down the line of
descent several generations from Henry Hayes. This
should furnish a goodly nucleus for a complete genealogy
of the family, which, it is to be hoped, may be undertaken
in the not distant future by some one of our kinsmen.
In the meantime, each of the members of the family
may, if he feels sufBcient interest, work up his own line of
ancestry back to our common sire, and write the results
in the blank pages which are added to the end of this
volume for that purpose. Such individual records will
become valuable to our descendants in the course of time,
just as the old family entries in our Bibles relating to our
ancestors are valuable to us and prized as such.
A large branch of our family exists to-day in Ohio and
Indiana. The interesting paper by Miss Anne P. Burk-
ham upon that branch of the family, which was read at
the Bi-centennial meeting, has been since revised and en-
larged by her for this volume. These western cousins
have been holding a reunion each year, recently, at Mt.
Nebo, near Lawrenceburg, Indiana. The next one is an-
nounced to be held at that place, October 7th, 1907.
We hope that this book may be the means of bringing
these western cousins, as well as those elsewhere, in
closer touch with their kinsmen, who have remained in
the old home region of Henry Hayes in Pennsylvania.
To all these far-spread cousins, however distant, we
send the hearty greeting of old Rip Van Winkle: — "May
you all live long and prosper!"
Stephen C. Harry,
Thomas H. Windle,
J. Carroll Hayes,
West Chester, Pa.,
West Chester, Pa., November, 1906. -
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The Bicentennial Gathering 3
Historical Sketch 7
Descendants of Henry Hayes 17
Our English Ancestors and a Visit to their Homes 25
Dr. Isaac I. Hayes 35
Poem — "Henry Hayes, our English Sire" 45
Address by Stephen C. Harry 47
Address by Milton Jackson 50
Address by Thomas Hayes Windle 5~
Address by James A. Hayes 55
Address by J. Carroll Hayes — The Old Hayes Tract 57
Capt. Joseph Hayes 62
Descendants of Capt. Joseph Hayes 74
Marriage Certificate of William, Oldest Son of Henry Hayes 81
List of Persons Registered at Reunion 82
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Frontispiece Deceudants of Heury Hayes at the bi-centeunial
gathering Face page i
View across old Heury Hayes homestead tract looking toward
Unionville Face page 6
J.\cOB Hayes, of Newlin Twp., Chester Co., son of Mordecai,
son of Mordecai, son of William, son of Henry . . Face page 20
FuLWELL, Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes . . . Face page 25
Ep^vei.!., Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes, Sr. . Face page 28
EpweIvL Church, of which Henry Hayes, Sr., was a Church
Warden Face page 32
Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the Arctic Explorer Face page 35
Benjamin Hayes, of West Chester, Pa., father of Dr. Isaac I.
Hayes Face page 36
Approach to Fui.well, Oxfordshire. Home of Henry
Hayes Face page 45
Kitcheu of old Thomas Hayes house, near Unionville. Face page 52
Map of Old Henry Hayes tract Face page 57
Probable site of old Henry Hayes log house, near Unionville,
(with present owner, Henry Jackson.) . Face page 58
Garret of old Thomas Hayes house near Unionville. . Face page 60
Jacob Hayes, of Lawrenceburg, Ind., son of Solomon, son of Cap-
tain Joseph, son of Joseph, son of Henry Face page 66
Wai^ter Craig Hayes Face page 63
Joseph Hayes, III. (Portrait in possession of Mr. C. B. Burkham,
Cincinnati, Ohio.) Face page 70
THE BI-CENTENNIAL GATHERING.
nN 1705 Henry Hayes, of the village of Fulwell, Ox-
fordshire, England, came with his family to Penn-
sylvania, and on September 3rd of that year made
application to Penn's Commissioners of Property to take
up land in the new province, a grant of which he had al-
ready received in England. To commemorate the two
hundredth anniversary of this event, a meeting of his de-
scendants was called for Saturday, September 2nd, 1905,
to gather at the village of Unionville, Chester County,
upon a portion of the tract which he took up and made
his home. This tract lies in the midst of a beautiful,
gently rolling country, rich in agricultural resources.
The place of the meeting was the Unionville High
School building, secured through the courtesy of the
School Board of East Marlborough township. It is lo-
cated on a shaded knoll at the western end of the village,
and was for many years known as the Unionville Acad-
emy, which many of the older persons present once at-
tended. Here Bayard Taylor, the Chester County poet
and traveler, received part of his education.
Preparations for an out-door meeting had been made,
on the sloping lawn beneath the maples, in front of the
building. Owing, however, to the rain which unfortun-
ately soon commenced falling, the assemblage gathered
into the capacious rooms of the school building, to which
they were welcomed by a large fern-trimmed placard on
the porch front bearing the device,
1705 HENRY HAYES 1905
Over two hundred descendants of Henry Hayes and
those allied to the family by marriage gathered to com-
memorate the occasion. The attendance would have
been much larger but for the threatening weather, as
most of the old families of this part of the county are con-
nected with the Hayeses.
The meeting was called for ii A. M., and from that
hour till about i P. M. a most enjoyable reunion of kins-
folk and friends took place ; concluding with the forming
of congenial groups about the capacious lunch baskets.
The inclement weather did not in the slightest degree
dampen the enthusiasm and spirits of the newly acquain-
ted kinsmen, who amply vindicated the old couplet, —
"It's sunshiny weather
When we are together."
Part of the time was spent in examining the various old
deeds, marriage certificates, &c., and photographs of old
places, which had been brought to the reunion and were
displayed upon the walls at either side of the entrance
hall. A list of these articles is as follows : —
(i) Large copy of Patent from William Penn to Henry
Hayes, dated September 17th, 1718, for 1484 acres of
land in Cain and Marlborough townships, Chester County.
(2) The original marriage certificates of William
Hayes, oldest son of Henry, and those of his son Mor-
decai, the latter's son Mordecai, and the latter's son
Jacob, — four generations in direct line. That of William
Hayes is dated nth month 19th, 1725-6, and bears the
signature of Henry Hayes as one of the witnesses. (In
possession of Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester. Pa.)*
(3) Several old deeds bearing acknowledgments taken
before Henry Hayes as Justice of the Peace.
(4) Photographs of the site of the original Henry
Hayes log house, in the northeast portion of the tract; of
the old Thomas Hayes house and interior (still standing) ;
of the old Drovers' Tavern on the original William Hayes
* See copy of this marriage certificate, page 81.
Tract ; and of the old Mordecai Hayes house and interior
in Newlin Township.
(5) Photograph of Henry Hayes's Wi\\, also of the In-
ventory of his estate, and of the Executors' Account of its
(6) Several early drafts of Marlborough Township and
vicinity, showing original property lines. (Belonging to
W. Marshall Swayne, Kennett Square, Pa.)
All present were requested to register upon prepared
blanks their names, those of their parents, and other de-
tails. A list of these names is printed on page 82.
Shortly after i o'clock the clans were called to assemble
in the wide second floor hall and the rooms opening from
it, and the meeting was there called to order by William
M. Hayes, Esq., with whom originated the idea of a Bi-
centennial reunion and who issued the preliminary call.
The meeting was organized by the election of the fol-
lowing officers : —
President — William M. Hayes, Esq., of West Chester.
Vice-Presidents — Job Hayes, Unionville ; Thomas,
Hayes Windle, Coatesville; James A. Hayes, Philadel-'
phia ; J. Borton Hayes, Moorestown, N. J.. ; Milton Jack-
son, Philadelphia, and Charles H. Ash, Coatesville.
Secretaries — Dr. Jane R. Baker, Embreeville ; Mrs.
Emma D. Embree, West Chester; Miss Sara H. Bailey,
Treasurer — Samuel S. Thompson, West Marlborough.
President Hayes, on assuming the chair, cordially wel-
comed all present and thanked them for the honor of be-
ing called on to preside on so important an occasion.
Letters of regret were read from President Roosevelt;
Governor Pennypacker; Charles E. Pugh, Vice-President
of the Penna. R. R. ; Eli Hayes Chandler, Esq., of Atlantic
City, and Prof. John G. Cope.
The following telegram was received bearing the greet-
ings of the western cousins : —
"Lawrenceburg, Indiana, Sept. 2, 1905.
"Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester, Pa.
"We send greetings to our eastern cousins frotm the banks of the
Ohio to the banks of the Brandywine. "Ezra G. Hayes."
An historical sketch and partial genealogy of the family
was read by a descendant, Miss Martha Brinton Thomp-
son, of West Chester, followed by a tribute to Dr. Isaac
I. Hayes, the famous Arctic explorer, by his nephew,
George Bailey, Jr., of Philadelphia; a poem, "Henry
Hayes. Our English Sire," by Prof. John Russell Hayes,
of Swarthmore College, and a paper on Captain Joseph
Hayes and his descendants in Ohio and Indiana, written
by Miss Anne P. Burkham, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and read
by Miss Caroline T. Burkham, of New York. All of these
productions will be found printed in full in the succeeding
This was followed by addresses by Prof. Stephen C.
Harry, of Baltimore, Md. ; Milton Jackson, of Philadel-
phia ; Thomas H. Windle, of Coatesville ; James A. Hayes,
of Philadelphia, and J. Carroll Hayes, Esq., of West Ches-
ter. These also will be found printed in the following pages.
On motion a committee was then appointed, consisting
of Stephen C. Harry, Thomas H. Windle and J. Car-
roll Hayes, to print the proceedings of the day, the family
data that had been collected, and such other matter re-
lating to the family as could be obtained.
The meeting then, upon motion, adjourned to meet a
At the conclusion of the exercises most of the kinsmen
present assembled in front of the school building, and a
photograph was taken of the group, which is reproduced
as the frontispiece of this book.
All returned to their homes with a greatly increased
interest in their common ancestor, in whom they had
come to feel a just pride, and with the pleasurable feeling
of having created many new ties of kindred and friend-
ship, as well as having renewed many old ones.
View across old Henry Hayes Homestead Tract, looking towards Unionvllle.
By Miss Martha Brinton Thompson.
BT an early period in the history of Pennsylvania,
while William Penn was Proprietor in Chief of the
Province, and Queen Ann ruled in the British Em-
pire, our ancestor, Henry Hayes, then of Fulwell, in the
County of Oxon (Oxfordshire), England, arrived in
America, and received in September of the same year,
1705, the first warrant for his large estate.
As we look back over the years and picture him as one
prominent both in county and province, holding high offi-
ces of responsibility, we may well feel proud to be the
descendants of such a man.
In the minutes of William Penn's Commissioners of
Property, under date of 7 mo. 3d, 1705, we read as fol-
"The Proprietary, by Lease and Release, dated nth and 12th 8ber
(October) i68i, Granted To Richard Haunds, of Swanford, in the
County of Oxon. husbandman, 1,000 acres of Land in this Province,
to Hold, &c. The said Richard Haunds. by Indenture of Lease and
Release, bearing date the 13 and 14 days of lober (December) 1700,
Granted the said 1,000 acres of Land to Henry Hays, of Fullvell, in
said County. Carpenter, to Hold, &c., (who) requests Warrant to
Take up 500 acres and a Lott and Liberty Land Appurtenant to the
Purchase aforesaid. The Lotts Lye on Schuylkill Side."
28th II mo. 1705: "Henry Hayes desiring a Convenient Lott to
build On has Pitcht on a vacancy of 33 foot between 3d and 4th
Streets on the South side, for which he resigns his 2 Lotts On
Schuylkill side, belonging to Rich'd Hound's 1,000 acres, and pays £15
to the Prop'ry with all Other Charges, let his Pat. be dispatched with-
out delay, he's given full Security." (The minutes omit to state on
this date Henry Hayes received a warrant for the remainder of his
loth of 4th mo. 17131 "Henry Hayes of Chester County, desiring
to purchase a Vacant Tract of Land lieing between the Tract laid out
to the old Society of Traders and Hilltown, on the North of Abiah
Taylor's Land, of which Isaac Taylor, by his Letter gives but a mean
acco't, as being barren, &c. He agrees with the Secretary to give
Twelve Pounds Ten shillings pr. Hundred, to be paid in Three
months, and a Warrant is signed, dated the 22d Instant."
4 mo. 1718: "Signed a Patent to Henry Hayes, of the County of
Chester, for 1,484 acres of Land in the Township of Cain and Marl-
borough, in the said County, 1,000 acres whereof is Richard Hand's
Original Purchase, the other 484 acres he now pays £66, 13s, 4d. dated
the 5th gber 1717." (Should be the 25th.)
The first warrant for survey of the land was as follows :
By the Commissioners of Property.
At the request of Henry Hayes lately arrived in this Province
That we would grant him to take up five hundred acres of land being
one moiety of a thousand acres Originally Purchased of the Proprie-
tor by Richard Hanns These are to Authorize and Require thee to
survey to the said Henry Hayes the said quantity of five hundred
acres of Land in the County of Chester where not already surveyed
nor take up nor conceled nor seated by the Indians, And make Re-
turns into the General Surveyor's Office at Philadelphia where this
Warr't is to Remain and a Copy thereof to be deliv'd to thee certified
by the Secretary. Given under our hands and Seal of the Province at
Philadelphia the 3d day of September 1705.
To Isaac Taylor, Surveyor Edw'd Shippen
of the County of Chester Griffith Owen
A true Copy
James Logan Secry."
The second warrant was similar in form and bore date
nth month 2Sth, 1705.
Under the first warrant Henry Hayes obtained a sur-
vey of 384 acres of land on the west branch of the Brandy-
wine, just south of Coatesville, and described as being in
Cain, but now in East Fallowfield Township. Part of
this tract is still owned by one of Henry Hayes's descend-
ants, H. Preston Baker. By the second w-arrant a tract
of 600 acres was located in East Marlborough, including
at its southeast corner the greater part of Unionville.
Adjoining this to the northwest 500 acres were added by
the last warrant, making iioo in Marlborough and 384 in
East Fallowfield, or 1484 in all as mentioned in the patent.
In right of the original purchase of Richard Hands he
was entitled to a lot in the city of Philadelphia, but this
being assigned to him near the Schuylkill he gave it up
and purchased one of 33 feet front on the south side of
Market Street, beginning at the distance of 184 feet from
Third Street. He was also entitled to 20 acres, out of the
1000, as a pasture lot in the so-called "Liberties" or out-
skirts of the city. Under his first warrant a survey of 16
acres was made in what is now West Philadelphia ; but this
he conveyed, Dec. 3, 1708, to John Powell for £8.
One of the first public services to which he was called
was to lay out a road from John Renthrow's, in London-
grove, probably near the present Chatham, by way of
Avondale and Kennett Square to the Anvil Tavern. This
was located on the 14th of February, 1707. On Nov. 28,
1710, he was appointed supervisor of roads in Marlbor-
ough, but at that time roads were very few.
Henry Hayes was commissioned a justice of the Quar-
ter Sessions, Common Pleas and Orphans' Court, August
26, 1717, and continued by re-appointment at several
times until his death. In that day there were about eigh-
teen justices in commission at one time, and seldom more
than half of them attended a particular session. In 1741
Gov. George Thomas informed his Council of a report,
by letter from John Penn, "that the Court at Chester had
set aside a man from the Jury for declining to take the
afifirmation, and insisting to be qualiefid as a Juror by
Oath ; and in which Letter Mr. Penn had strongly recom-
mended to the Governor to appoint a Majority of such
Magistrates in every County as would not scruple to take
or at least to Administer an Oath, that equal and impar-
tial justice might be done to all men." No evidence has
been discovered to show that Henry Hayes was in mem-
bership with the religious Society of Friends, and it is
not probable that he was opposed to administering oaths.
Some of his children joined with Friends, being doubtless
enticed within the fold by persons of the opposite sex.
He was elected a member of Assembly in the years 171 5
and 1 7 16, and again in 1728 and 1730, but of the political
questions of that day or his attitude towards them, we are
Prior to the year 1729 Chester County occupied the
southeastern part of the province of Pennsylvania, and
was limited to the westward only by the extent of the set-
tlements. The county seat was at Chester, on the Dela-
ware, quite distant from many of the citizens. At a meet-
ing of the Provincial Council, Feb. 6th, 1728-9:
"A Petition of the Inhabitants of the upper parts of Chester
County was laid before the Board and read, setting forth, that by
reason of their Great Distance from the County Town, where Courts
are held. Offices are Kept, & Annual Elections made, they ly under
very great Inconveniences, being Obliged in the Recovery of their
just Debts, to travel near one hundred miles to obtain a Writ; that
for Want of a Sufficient Number of Justices, Constables & other Of-
ficers, in those parts, no Care is taken of the high ways; Townships
are not laid out, nor Bridges built where there is an apparent Neces-
sity for them; & further that for Want of a Goal there several Vaga-
bonds & other dissolute People harbour among them thinking them-
selves safe from Justice in so remote a Place; And therefore praying
that a Division Line be made between the upper and lower part of the
said County. & the upper part thereof Erected into a County, with all
the immunities, Rights & Privileges which any other County of this
Province does now Enjoy."
It was now fifty years since the arrival of William Penn
and his division of the province into the three counties
of Chester, Philadelphia and Bucks; the matter was of
great importance and after some discussion it was re-
ferred to the following day for further consideration, at
which time it was resolved :
"That, as well for the Reasons set forth in the said Petition, as the
Security, Peace & good Order of the whole Government, there doth
appear a real Necessity that a new County should be Erected, ac-
cording to the Prayer of the said Petition; And Altho' the Power of
Erecting Counties is wholly vested in the Proprietary, & therefore in
the Governour, as his Lieutenant, yet, inasmuch, as this will require
the Establishment of Courts of Judicature, with other Alterations, for
v.hich a due Provision will best be made by a Law, It may be con-
venient that the Governour should acquaint the House of Represen-
tatives now sitting, with the Application made to him, that the same
may be carried on with & strengthened by the joint & unanimous
Concurrence of the whole Legislature."
Feb. 20th: "The Governour informed the Board that pursuant to
the Resolve of last Council he had acquainted the House of Repre-
sentatives with his Intention to Erect the upper part of the County of
Chester into a separate County, in which they had concurred, & de-
sired that an equal Number of the Inhabitants of the Lower & Upper
Part might run the Division Line: And therefore he was now to
recommend to the Board to chuse fitt & well qualified Persons for
that Service, & to consider of proper Directions for their Guidance
therein; And after due Consideration thereof
"Tis ordered that Henry Hayes, Samuel Nutt, Samuel Hollings-
worth, Philip Taylor, Elisha Gatchel, James James, John Wright,
Tobias Hendricks, Samuel Blunston, Andrew Cornish, Thomas Ed-
wards & John Musgrave, or the Major Part of them, calling to their
Assistance John Taylor, the Surveyor of Chester County, meet at
some convenient place near Octeraroe Creek or River, & cause a
mark'd Line to be run from the imost northerly or main Branch of the
said Creek Northward, or to the East or West thereof, as it shall be
found most convenient, to the next high Ridge of barren or unin-
habited Hills that trend from thence to Schuylkill River, keeping as
near as may be to the Ridge of the said Hills, and to proceed along
the Ridge thereof, yet with as few Changes in the Course as their
Situation will admitt. and fixing the same to the most conspicuous
natural & durable Marks, that may be the least subject to Uncertainty
or Variation: to be Bounded Southward by the Southern Bounds of
the Province, & Eastwardly by the said Octeraroe Creek; and from
thence the Northern Line to be by them run as aforesaid, to the said
Hills, from thence the main northern or easterly Branch thereof
above the Forks of the said River, to lie open to the Westward and
Northward till further Order shall be given therein; And to make
Report of their Proceedings to this Board."
On May 2d, 1729, a return was made to the above or-
der, signed by all the commissioners except Samuel Nutt.
representing that on the 17th of March they had located
such a division line by course and distance ; whereupon
the report was confirmed and the name of Lancaster given
to the new county. That Henry Hayes was the first
named on this commission is evidence of his high stand-
ing in the community.
Pennsylvania was the most successful of the proprietary
colonies, and rapidly became the richest and most thickly
populated. The frame of government provided for a
Governor, a Deputy Governor to be appointed by the
Proprietor, and a Council and Assembly to be elected by
the freemen. The Council had the sole right of orig-inat-
ing legislation. To it was given the execution of the
laws, the establishment of courts of justice, the preserva-
tion of the peace, and the duty of upholding the constitu-
tion. The Assembly had the right to approve or reject
bills, and to propose amendments to measures adopted by
The first surveys of land in Marlborough were made
about 1 701, along what is known as the "Street Road,"
and it is doubtful if any person had settled here prior to
this date. The earliest tax list preserved is for the year
1 71 5, at which time there were but twenty-six landowners
assessed in the territory comprised in the two Townships
of East and West jMadborough, and of these at least three
were non-residents. Joseph Pennock v^^as the largest
taxpayer, and Henry Hayes came next. It may be safely
assumed that very few of the settlers preceded Henry
Hayes. At his coming this region was comparatively a
wilderness, and if not all covered with woods was at least
destitute of roads and bridges. Wheeled vehicles were
almost unknown, and while a horseman might find his
way in almost any direction, yet as people began to fence
their fields to protect their crops, it became necessary to
have legally established highways.
What is known as the "Street Road" was provided for
by the original survey of the lands fronting thereon, it
being William Penn's plan that each township should
have a street running through the middle thereof, but in
this case the road was not opened and clearly marked in
all parts, and in later years this caused much dispute. On
August 28, 1 716, Henry Hayes and others were appointed
to view and definitely locate a part to the eastward and
westward of Londongrove Meeting, but James Treviller
entered a complaint against this report, and a new jury
was appointed, who disagreed and left the matter unset-
tled for the time.
Henry Hayes and Rachel his wife executed deeds to
their sons as follows: "To Richard, Sept. 2, 1729, for
177 acres: To William, Sept. 10, 1729, for 100 acres: To
Joseph, same date, for 177 acres: To Thomas, May 15,
1732, for 177 acres 125 perches: To Stephen, Oct. 25,
1736, 177 acres: To James, September 3, 1735, the 384
acres in Fallowfield." They may have conveyed another
portion to their remaining son, John, but the deed has not
been found. Some land was sold to William Harper, and
177 acres remained in the homestead till the death of
Will of Henry Hayes.
The first day of Aprile in the Year of our Lord one Thousand
seven hundred and fourty five I Henry Hayes of East Marlborough
in the County of Chester and Province of Pensilvania Husbandman
Do Make Constitute and ordain This my Last will and Testament
that is to Say: I Give dispose and bequeath as in forme and Manner
Imprimis. I give Vnto My son Joseph Hayes & my son James
Hayes Wliome I Likewise Constitute Make and Ordain My only and
Sole Excetors of this My Last Will and Testament of all and Sin-
gular my Goods And Chattels Whatsoever that are or Shall bee
found belonging or appertaining to Mee Except what Shall bee hear-
after Excepted and Specefyed to bee Given.
Item. I Give to my Wife Isabella Two hundred pounds, to bee
paid by my Exetors one year after My Deceas iff Shee Delivers that
Paper too my Exeters which I signed to her before marriage and Do
not take nor Convey away Nor Conscent to bee taken and Conveyed
away any of the Household Goods Nor any other thing whatsoever
belonging to mee without the Consent of my Exeters.
Item. I give to my son John Twenty pounds: I give to my son
William one shilling. I give to my son Stephen ten pounds to be
paid att any time when my Executors thinks proper. I give to My,.^
Daughter Mary one Shilling. I give to my Daughter Joanna one
shilling and I also Give to my Executors five pounds apiece: And all
the remaining part of my Rail and personal Estate after Just Debts
and funerall Expences bee paid Except What is before Expresed too
bee Given I Give to be Equally Divided between my Daughter Mar-
garet & my Daughter Elizabeth: & my Daughter Anne & my
Daughter Rachel and my Daughter Ruth and my Daughter Lydia and
I also Give to my Daughter Margaret Twenty Pounds More than
Either of my Daughters above Mentioned and my Daughter Rachel
have had Seventeen pounds Twelve shillings and six pence which I
order to bee Deducted out of her share: &. my Daughter Lidia have
had fifty pounds which I order to bee Deducted out of her share:
and 1 also order my personal and Real Estate to bee Sold by my Ex-
ecutors att any time after my Deceas: and the money of all my Per-
sonal! and Real Estate to bee Immediately paid According to the
Derection of this my Last Will and Testament. And I Do Impower
my Executors to Defend my Estate by Law or otherways and the
Cost to bee paid out of my Estate and further more I Do alow this
and no other to 'bee my last Will and Testament in witness whereof I
have hereunto set my hand and Seal the Day and Year above Writ-
HENRY HAYES (Seal)
Signed published Delivered and pronounced
by the afForesaid Henery Hayes to bee his Last Will and
'testament in the Presence of us the Subscribing
The foregoing will, which was probably written by-
Jonathan Jackson, was duly proved by the witnesses on
the 30th of December, 1745. An inventory of the estate
was taken on the 5th of nth Mo. (January), 1745-6, by
Aaron Baker and William Harlan, and amounted to £726:
7s, including the plantation of 177 acres, valued at £250.
There is reason to believe that the last wife of Henry
Hayes was comparatively a young woman. One Isabella
Hayes, widow, purchased 208 acres of land in Salisbury
Township, Lancaster County, March 8, 1746-7. She
married Andrew Caldwell, of Leacock, and by him had
sons Andrew, Robert, Charles and John Caldwell. An-
drew, the father, was a widower in Londongrove Town-
ship in 1760, married a second wife, Jane, and died in
Lancaster County in 1768.
Ancestry of Henry Hayes.
Before taking up the subject of the posterity of Henry
Hayes let us consider some evidence bearing on his an-
cestry. During his recent visit to England, some inves-
tigations were made by Gilbert Cope to this end, and
while the result was not positively conclusive, there is a
strong probability that the father and grandfather have
been discovered.* The name is not very frequent in
Oxfordshire, and only about a dozen wills of members of
the family are to be found in the century and a half pre-
ceeding the emigration of our settler to Chester County.
The substance of two of these is here given, with the re-
mark that the search was by no means exhaustive :
Abstract of the Will of Henry Hayes (written Heis by an aman-
uensis), of Epwell, in Oxon, taylor, dated 22d of May 1633:
To be buried in the church or churchyard of SvvackliefTe in the said
county: To daughter Elizabeth Heis 40 shilHngs, to be paid on the
3d of May next; also a bedstead, a wooU bed, three sheetes, a bed
healing, a towell, a pillow beare, a great kettle, a brasse pot, a brasse
fifrying pan, Two pewter platters, a pewter Sawcer, a brasse Candle
sticke, Table board, a Cubbord, an old which & two Cofifers.
"I give and bequeath my whole Tenement with the appurtenances
in Swackliffe aforesaid to my son Richard Heis & to his heires for-
ever uppon this Condition that he his heires executors and adminis-
trators or some of them shall pay or cause to be payed to my
aforesaide daughter ffive pounds of Current English money at my
decease if my saide daughter be then lyving." Also to Richard my
malt mill to remain in said Tenement.
Wife Isabell to have a home, &c.; also to be the residuary legatee
God-daughter Margery Jefkins.
Overseers, my hdnest neighbours John Aulcox and Simon Skilman
of Epwell. Witnesses. Philip Welles, Simon Skilman.
This will was proved at Chipping Norton, ist of April,
1635. This inventory amounted to £31 : 10: 8.
Will of Richard Hayes.
Memorandum that on or about ye twenty third day of June Anno
Dni. one thousand six hundred seaventy six Richard Hayes of fifulwel
in ye County of Oxon late dec'd being of sound memory and under-
*For confirmation of this theory see page 26.
standing and having an intencon to make his will and to dispose of
his Estate did in ye presence & hearing of Wm. Paine make and de-
clare his last will and Testament nuncupative or by word of mouth in
manner and forme following viz't, hee gave and bequeathed to his
two daughters three score pounds apiece and hee gave unto his son
so much imoney as would take his liveing and stocke it And all ye
rest of his Estate he gave and bequeathed unto his wife and nomi-
nated her sole Executrix of this his last will & Testament nuncupa-
tive. All w'ch words or the like in effect were uttered & declared in
ye presence of ye aboves'd Wm. Paine who in witness hereof hath
hereunto Subscribed his name. Sig. W. Guiiel. Paine."
The probate of this will in abbreviated Latin, is dated
3d of July, 1676. A blank occurs where the widow's name
This is the only testator who is described as of Fulwell,
and it is unfortunate that the writer of the will did not
give the names of his wife and children. On the suppo-
sition that he was the son of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, he
would probably name his son Henry. The will is not re-
"An Invintary of the goodes and Chattelles of Richard Hayes of
fTullwell husbandman deceased the 24 day of June 1676: Taken by
Staven South Roger Boox and francis Ryman the forst of July 1676
in manner follosving:
Item his Wareing Apparell and mony in his purse 10 - o - o
Item Linen i - 10 - o
Item tow beadcs blanckets boulsters and Coverlides 2 - 6 - 8
Item Tow bead steeds i -o -o
Item Tow Chestes one Coofer i -o -o
Item Bras and puter I - 13 - 4
Item one tabel frame and forme and tow chaires o - 13 - 4
Item one malt mill and one gardenor i -3 -4
Item Three drinck barreles and three Cowles one dow
.... and one paile i -i -6
Item Tow quarter of malte 2 -o -o
Item Seven booshell of masling o -14-0
Item barly in the barne one quarter o -16-0
Item one Stacke of pease i -3 -4
Item one Stacke of hay 2 - o - o
Item Harnis Carte and plow and harrowes 4 - i - 4
Item one Cow one yearling and tow weaneing Cafes 4 - o - o
Item one pigg i -o -o
Item Shipp and lames 13 - o - o
Item fower Toodes of wooll 2 -o -o
Item Croop one the groonde 15 - o - o
Item Wood in the backeside and other lomber about the
house 3 -I -6
Item Mony Lent out one bond in desperrat dettes yi - o - o
The whole Some is i6o- 4-4
The handes of them that praised it
Steven South his S marke
Descendants of Henry Hayes.
In the absence of the family record, the children of
Henry Hayes cannot be given in the order of age. It is
supposed that Rachel was the mother of all,* and there
were at least sixteen of them.
I. Henry, died unmarried in 1717, and his brother
Richard administered to his estate.
. 2. William, married 11 mo. 19, 1725-26, at London-
grove Meeting, Jane James, born 9 mo. 28, 1707; daugh-
ter of George and Ann (Woodward) James, of Springfield.
They settled on land given him by his father, but about
1764 appear to have removed to or near Wilmington,
where Jane died, and he returned the following year. He
died about the year 1783.
3. Richard, married Mary , and settled in West
Marlborough, where he died in the winter of 1742-3. His
widow married a second husband, Welch.
4. Joseph married in 1724 Elizabeth Cloud, supposed
daughter of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Cloud, but her mar-
ried life was brief. He was aeain married 8 mo. 26, 1727,
at Bradford Meeting, to Jean Woodward, daughter of
Richard Woodward, of Bradford. He settled on land
given him by his father, where he died in 1748. His
widow married in 1750 William Wickersham, of Newlin,
whose first wife was Joseph's sister.
♦Margaret was the mother of the older children. See page 26.
5- Thomas married lo mo. ii, 1734, at Kennett Meet-
ing, jMary Kirk, of Christiana Hundred, New Castle
County, widow of Alphonsus Kirk, Jr., and daughter of
Thomas and Mary Nichols. They settled on land given
him by his father, in East Marlborough, where he died in
the winter of 1738-9. His widow married Jonathan Jack-
son, Oct. 3, 1743, son of Thomas and Ann Jackson, of
West Marlborough, and they had children Mary, Thomas,
Sarah. Ann, Elizabeth and Ruth. Jonathan purchased
the Henry Hayes homestead, his descendants intermar-
ried with those of Henry Hayes, and are prominent
among our citizens.
6. Stephen, married in 1734, Sarah Hope, daughter of
John and Elizabeth Hope, of Kennett. They settled on
a part of his father's land, here at Unionville, but con-
veyed this, April 15, 1743, to John Jackson, who was
probably the first storekeeper at this place. Stephen died
in Fallowfield in 1758.
7. James, married about 1736, Mary Cox, daughter of
Thomas and Sarah Cox, and settled in East Fallowfield,
where he died in 1758. In 1764 his widow was assessed
with 268 acres of land, 12 cattle, 3 horses and 8 sheep.
8. John, perhaps died unmarried. A person of this
name was supervisor in 1750 and the next year filled the
ofifice of constable and overseer of the poor. In that day
all citizens were expected to take their turns in these
duties. About 1754 a John Hayes settled in Oxford
Township and died there in 1766, leaving a widow, Mar-
garet, and children, David, John, Mary, Elizabeth, Han-
nah, Ann and Margaret. The village of Ha3'esville de-
rives its name from this family.
9. Mary, perhaps married Robert Hannum, son of John
Hannum, of Concord. Mary, wife of Robert Hannum,
died Nov. 6, 1749, and he Feb. 26, 1759. In 1763 their
daughter, Elizabeth, petitioned for a guardian, and Henry
Hayes was appointed.
10. Joanna, doubtless married, but to whom is un-
11. Margaret, married Zachariah Butcher, son of Ed-
mund Butcher, of Birmingham. He was a surveyor and
died in East Nottingham, 1755, leaving children, Mary,
Elizabeth, Margaret (married Collett), Susanna
(married Samuel Passmore), Rachel (married Robert
Oldham), Hannah, and Sarah (married Day).
/ 12. Elizabeth, married William Cloud, son of Jeremiah
and Elizabeth Cloud, of Brandywine Hundred, where he
died 1748, and she in February 1749-50. They had chil-
dren, Henry, Jeremiah, Daniel, William, Mordecai,
Joseph, Margaret, Elizabeth (married Robert Booth), and
Mabel (married Lazarus Askew).
13. Anne, married Hugh Sidwell, son of Hugh and
Elizabeth Sidwell, of West Nottingham. He died in
1740, and she married Robert Morgan, of the same place,
who died in 1754. By the first she had nine children, as
follows: Henry, born 1720, married Ellen HufT and Mar-
garet Hagan; Richard, born 1723, married Anne Job;
Hugh, born 1725, married Anne Haines; Abraham, born
1727, married Charity Harris; Isaac, born 1729, married
Anna Brown; Jacob, born 1732; Ann, born 1734, married
Jeremiah Sargeant ; Joseph, born 1736, married Rachel
Midcalf; Mary, born 1739. By her second husband she
had daughters Sarah and Susanna Morgan.
14. Rachel, married 3 mo. 26, 1730, at Kennett Meet-
ing, to William Wickersham, son of Thomas and Alice
W^ickersham, of East Marlborough, born 2 mo. 3, 1706;
died in Newlin Township, 11 mo. 1788. He married 2dly
Jane Hayes, widow of Joseph, and 3dly Elinor, widow of
Abraham Parker, in 1764. By the first he had eight chil-
dren : Rachel, m. Francis Fisher,. 1753 ; Lydia, m. John
Baily, 1753; Hannah, m. Joel Baily, 1757; Ruth, m. John
Marsh, 1758; Abigail, m. Thomas Windle, 1765; William,
m. Elizabeth Pusey, 1764; Peter, m. Kezia Parker, 1773;
Alice, m. Joseph Passmore, 1774-
15. Ruth, married, after her father's death, to
Heaney, as mentioned in the will of her brother, James
16. Lydia, married 12 mo. 3, 1741, to Thomas Nichols,
of Christiana Hundred, New Castle County, where she
died 7 mo. 24. 1800. She had children, Isaac, Rachel,
Mary, Dinah, Thomas, Eli, Henry, Amor, Judith and Dan-
iel. Of these Judith married Jacob Bennett, of Birming-
ham, and Daniel married Dinah Wilson.
Ciiildren of William (2) and Jane Hayes:
17. John, born 1726, died in West Marlborough, 1762,
married, 1749, Hannah Kirk, step-daughter of his uncle,
Thomas Hayes, and had children, David, William, Jesse,
Abraham, Ann and Hannah.
18. David, born 1728, married in 17.53, Ann Baily,
daughter of Joel and Betty Baily, of West Marlborough.
They had children, Phebe, Anna, David, Nathan, Hannah,
Jacob and Joel. The most of this family removed to Vir-
19. Sarah, born 1730, married in 1753, William Lam-
born, of Londongrove, and had two children, Hannah,
who married Job Packer, and Elizabeth, who died young.
20. William, born 1733, died young or unmarried.
21. Hannah, born 1736, married in 1756, Samuel
Swayne, son of William and Elizabeth Swayne, of East
Marlborough, and had eleven children, Jacob, Stephen,
Joshua, David, Rachel, Samuel, Sarah, Hannah, William,
Nathan and Lydia.
22. Mordecai, born 1738, died 1824, married in 1764,
at Centre Meeting, Ann Greave, daughter of John and
Jane Greave, of New Castle County. They settled on a
J A COB HA YES, of Newlin Twp., Chester Co..
son of MorJecai.son of Mordecai, son of William,
son of Henry.
farm of 200 acres in Newlin Township and had children,
Jane, Jacob, EH, John, Jonathan and Mordecai. The last
named was the father of Jacob and grandfather of Wil-
liam M. Hayes, of West Chester.
23. Thomas, born 1741, married in 1763, Ruth Jones,
daughter of Evan and Sarah Jones, of East Bradford, and
had children, Sarah, Rachel, Hannah and Thomas.
24. Joshua, twin with Thomas.
25. Abraham, born 1743, and 26. Rachel, born 1747,
Children of Richard (3) and Mary Hayes :
2^. Henry, married in 1748, Ann Strode, daughter of
John and Magdalen Strode, of West Marlborough. They
removed to the east side of the Brandywine, at Chads
Ford, and kept tavern for several years at the old Chads
house, but in 1766 went to Wilmington, where Ann died.
Henry married again, 1768, Ann Wood, of Darby, where
he subsequently resided until his death, in 1786. He was
probably the sheriff of that name, 1772-3. By his first
wife he had children, Magdalen, Elizabeth, Mary, Mar-
garet and Henry. Of these Mary married her cousin,
28. Margaret, married in 1746, Jeremiah Starr, and a
second time, in 1769, to John Jackson.
29. Mary, married in 1744, to Ebenezer Speakman, of
Newlin, had children, George, m. Mary Hayes and Fran-
ces Wollerton ; Joshua, m. Mary Wollerton and Ann Pyle;
Jacob ; Lydia, m. Richard Ladley ; Mary, m. Joseph
Baker; Margaret, m. Job Hayes.
30. George. 31. Jonathan. 32. Jesse.
Children of Joseph (4) and Jane Hayes :
33. Rachel, married in 1747, John Moore.
34. Isaac, married in 1750, at Londongrove Meeting,
to Hannah Harlan, daughter of Ezekiel Harlan, of West
Marlborough. He died in East Alarlborough, 1759, and
his widow married John Buller in 1760. Isaac left chil-
dren, Rachel (m. Joshua Peirce), Ruth (m. Robert Com-
mons), and Lydia.
35. Henry, married first, about 1768, to Elizabeth
Scott, and secondly, in 1773, to Jane Todd. He died in
1806 near Baltimore, Aid., leaving- a daughter, Elizal)eth,
wife of Emmor Baily.
36. Abigail, married in 1755, to Richard Woodward, of
2,7. Joseph, married at the Old Swedes' Church, Wil-
mington, in 1753. to Joanna (or Hannah?) Passmore.
He purchased 105 acres of his father's land in Newlin,
1756. and 128 acres more at a later date. Tradition says
he raised a company, at his own expense, to serve in the
Revolutionary War, and it is certain that he mortgaged
both farms in 1776 and that the sheriff sold them in 1785,
after which he and his family went to Ohio.* A son,
Solomon, married Alary Craig, in 1776, and there were
at least other children, Hannah, Joseph, Walter, Jacob,
Ann and Phebe.
38. Caleb, married in 1756, to Alary Baily, daughter of
Thomas and Sarah Baily, of West Alarlborough. He
bought and settled on 130 acres of land in Newlin, where
he died in 1786. His children were Isaac, Anne, Caleb,
Ellis, Ruth and Abigail, who all went to the westward ex-
cept the first. Isaac, born 1762, died 1844, married
Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Abigail Walton, and
resided in East Fallowfield. His children w^ere Elizabeth,
Israel, Rebecca, Alary, Benjamin, Sarah and Isaac. Of
these Benjamin was the father of Isaac I. Hayes, the
39. Ruth married, at Swedes' Church, Wilmington,
1754, Joseph Pyle, son of William and Betty (Chads) Pyle,
*For account of this branch of the family see page 62.
of Birmingham, lie died in East Marlborough about
1793, leaving nine children, Abner, Alice (wife of Eli
Woodward). Betty (widow of Aaron Carrington), Ruth
(wife of Elisha Baker), Mary, Jacob, Jane, Sarah and
Joseph. He was possessed of a farm of 350 acres in East
Marlborough and another of IQ2 acres in Newlin. Jacob
was the grandfather of Abner Pyle, of West Chester,
while his sister Jane became the wife of George Brinton,
of the same town.
Children of Thomas (5) and Mary Hayes :
40. Samuel, married about 1760 Elizabeth Job, daugh-
ter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Maxwell) Job, of Notting-
ham. He became the owner of the homestead of 177
acres in East Marlborough, by release from his sister.
His children were Ann, Lydia, Job, Thomas, Mary, Sarah,
Jonathan, Ruth, Dinah, Nathan, Elizabeth and Jane. Of
these Job purchased the homestead in 1792, and by his
wife, Sarah Henry, had children, Thomas, who died in in-
fancy; Nathan M. D., of Unionville. who died in 1819;
Levi, who remained at the homestead, and Job, who died
41. Dinah, perhaps the same Dinah Hayes who mar-
ried at the old Swedes' Church, 1768, Christopher Rich,
of East Fallowfield.
Children of Stephen (6) and Sarah Hayes :
42. Stephen, removed to Wilmington where he died in
1830, aged 87. He married Betty Way, daughter of
Jacob Way, of Kennett, about 1767.
43. John, married in 1765. Rachel Hall, and resided in
Wilmington, where he was sometime cashier of the Bank
of Delaware. He had at least three children, Stephen,
Samuel and Rachel.
Children of James (7) and Mary Hayes :
44. Henry, probably died unmarried.
45. Nathan, died in West Marlborough about 1823,
having no children but a considerable estate, which he de-
vised to his nephews and nieces.
46. Sarah, married 5 mo. 30, 1759, Aaron Baker, of
West Alarlborough, son of Aaron and Mary Baker, of
that place. They had twelve children, Hannah, James,
Elisha (married Ruth Pyle), Nathan, Aaron, Levi, Joshua,
Rachel, Mary, Samuel, Sarah and John.
47. Rachel, married 1763, John Jones, son of Evan
and Sarah Jones, of East Bradford, and had children, Eva,
Mary, James and Sarah.
48. Hannah, married in 1765, James Clark, born 1740,
son of John and Hannah (Cooper) Clark. They had chil-
dren, Mary, Sarah, James, xA.bishai, Thomas, Hayes,
Lydia, Rachel, Elizabeth and Hannah.
49. Lydia, married in 1773, Isaac Stroud, from Wilt-
shire, England, and removed to Philadelphia.
Fulwell. Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes.
OUR ENGLISH ANCESTORS AND A VISIT
TO THEIR HOMES.
By J. Carroll Hayes.
"Love thou thy land with love far-brought
From out the storied past." — Tennyson.
rS^ KING a member of the committee appointed at the
I wj Bi-centennial Reunion to pubHsh the proceedings
and to obtain such additional information relating
to the family as could be secured, I took advantage of a
trip to England the past summer to visit the ancient
homes of our common ancestors and to search the records
there for facts concerning them. It proved a most inter-
esting and enjoyable quest.
The ancient parish registers furnished a considerable
part of the information obtained. These are kept by the
rectors of each parish, dating back generally to about
1550, and they record baptisms, marriages and burials.
These registers are mostly very difficult to decipher, being
written in a crabbed medieval hand and are brown and
faded with age. The records of the wills are in most
cases preserved at Somerset House, London.
Before describing the homes of our English forefathers,
let me first briefly summarize the results of my genealogi-
cal searches. In this interesting labor I was materially
aided by an Anglican Vicar, Rev. Richard Ussher, of
Brackley, Northamptonshire, who is an enthusiastic anti-
We already knew, as appears by the Historical Sketch,
that our common ancestor, Henry Hayes, came to Ameri-
ca about 1705 from Fullvell, or Fulwell, in the County of
Oxon (Oxfordshire), and that he was a carpenter. We
also had, through Gilbert Cope, the West Chester genea-
logist, records of the wills of Richard Hayes, of Fulwell,
and of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, also in Oxfordshire,
whom he conjectured to be the father and grandfather, re-
spectively, of Henry Hayes, the immigrant. (See His-
torical Sketch, page 15.)
The information that we now secured from the old
parish registers proved the correctness of this supposition,
and furnished us a number of dates and facts relating to
these early forefathers of ours.
The register of Spelsbury parish, of which Fulwell
forms a part, records the baptism on May 23, 1667, of
'*Henery ye son of Richard Hayes of Fulwell." His first
wife's name was Margaret, as appears from the entry of
the baptism of their first two (t\vin) children, and not
Rachel, as had been supposed; and the former was prob-
ably the mother of at least the six children born in Eng-
The same register records the baptisms of these six
Mary and Margaret (twins), baptized July 17, 1692.
Elizabeth, baptized February 11, 1693-4.
William, baptized October 22, 1696.
Joseph, baptized November 19, 1698.
John, baptized June i, 1700.
It therefore appears that Henry Hayes brought these
six small children with him to the new land of his adop-
tion, all of whom afterwards married and left posterity.
It is interesting for us, their distant descendants, to pic-
ture this early family group leaving their home-land, — like
the Greek colonists of old, — and making the long and
perilous voyage across the stormy North Atlantic in one
of the slow sailing vessels of those days. Here was the
little nucleus of a family that was to number close to
twenty thousand in the two centuries to come. Our an-
cestor must have been a man of considerable force of
character and independence of spirit, to have attempted
such a migration, with so large a family of little ones, into
a frontier land full of hardships and dangers.
Henry Hayes's father, as appears above, was Richard
Hayes, of Fuhvell, (whose will appears on page 15.)
The inventory of the personal property left by him is also
there reproduced, and shows him to have been a "hus-
bandman," or farmer.
Richard Hayes's will was nuncupative, viz : one given
by word of mouth in the extremity of his last illness, and
subsequently committed to writing by the witness. It
was made June 23, 1676; his death took place the next
day, and he was buried the day following. His body
probably lies in the church yard at Spelsbury, inasmuch
as it is the register of that church that records his burial.
The will refers to a son and two daughters, without
naming them. The parish register supplies these omis-
sions, mentioning the baptism of his son Henry on May
23, 1667, as already mentioned, and of a daughter Mary,
on February 4, 1670, and recording also the marriage of
Joane Hayes, who was probably the other daughter, to
Henry Trindar, on May 21, 1685.
Going back still another generation, Richard Hayes
was a son of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, as appears by the
latter's will (given on page 15.) The elder Henry, as
appears by this will, was a tailor and left a widow Isabel!
and two children, Elizabeth and Richard. The will is
dated May 22, 1633, and the Epwell register contains the
entry of his burial on December 9, 1634. It also records
the burial of his former wife, Joane, on December 5, 1614,
and the baptism of a daughter, Mary, June 7, 1606, and
her burial August 24th of the same year.
By his will Henry Hayes, the elder, directs that he be
buried " in the church or churchyard of Swacklieffe"
(Swalclift), of which the nearby church at Epwell was a
chapelry or subordinate church. It is probable, however,
that he was actually buried at Epwell, it being- the Epwell
register that records the fact. It appears that he owned
a tenement or property, in Swalcliffe, which he willed to
his son Richard, as also his "malt mill, to remain in said
It would seem that this elder Henry Hayes was held in
considerable esteem, in his community, as he filled the
of^ce of Church Warden of Epwell. In this capacity he
signed, in the parish register, a document relating to
affairs of the church, in 1605.
His name is spelled variously in different places, a com-
mon occurrence in those early days. In his will it is writ-
ten Heis, and in the parish register mostly Hay, in some
cases Harry Hay.
In my further search in the line of our ancestry I was
now at a loss how to proceed, as the records failed to
give any clue to earlier Hayeses in Oxfordshire with
whom I could connect our line. Finding in the indexes,
however, the names Henry Hayes and Richard Hayes oc-
curring in the adjoining districts of Worcestershire and
southern Warwickshire, I visited the Probate Office con-
nected with the cathedral at Worcester, and there found
the wills and inventories of these and other early Hayeses,
though nothing appeared that would furnish a definite
connecting link between our line and them. It was in-
teresting, however, to decipher, with the aid of an expert,
these old faded wills written by bearers of our name, in
the days before the Reformation, when all were devout
Catholics. In many of these wills were bequests to the
church or the priest, and directions for the saying of
masses for the benefit of the writers' souls.
I had now gone as far back in our family line as the
immediate sources seemed to permit. It may be, how-
ever, that more might be discovered by a complete search
Epwell, Oxfordshire, Home of Henry Hayes, Sr.
of all the possible clues known to the professional genea-
logist, such as the bishops' transcripts, the records of
chancery suits, and other numerous sources mentioned in
J. Henry Lea's work, "Genealogical Research in Eng-
land, &c.," (Edition of 1906).
As already mentioned, genealogists tell us that the
same name was spelled variously in those early times, and
also that the singular and plural forms were often inter-
changeable, as Hay and Hayes. As an illustration of
this, one of these early Hayeses wrote himself in his will
"De la Haye, alias Hayes." This form "De la Haye" is,
of course, French in character, and would suggest a Nor-
man origin for the family. In a book which I found in
my searches, by R. A. Hay, on the Genealogy of the
Hayes of Tw^eeddale, page 3, is given a list of those bear-
ing this name De la Haye who came to England from
Normandy about the time of the Conqueror. Whether
our line goes back to this aristocratic origin is of course
pure conjecture; but it is interesting to speculate upon,
THE HOMES OF OUR ANCESTORS.
Having now delved into the mists of obscurity, in the
way of old records, as far as I was able, let me describe
briefly the homes of these far ancestors of ours and the
surroundings of their daily lives.
My pilgrimage to these ancestral villages in old Ox-
fordshire was to me what a visit to the old Hayes region
in Chester County would be to the Hayes descendants in
the west. It was a return to "the old home," a reverent
pilgrimage to scenes and haunts made sacred to us by the
lives of those of our own flesh and blood, by their toils,
their loves, their joys and their sorrows. Hawthorne has
called England "Our Old Home," and to us who are of
English descent, the mother land is all that that intimate
name signifies, for we are one with her people in blood,
in religion, in language, in literature and in political
ideals. When the American traveller is on the Continent
he feels like a stranger in a strange land, but when he
comes to good "homey" England he feels he is indeed at
home. — among people who think and feel and speak very
much as he does himself.
While exploring the Hayes region, which covers the
northwest portion of Oxfordshire, I made the quaint old
town of Banbury my centre, — Banbury famous for its old
cross which we all knew of as children, and took many a
ride to on our parents' knees. It was and is still noted
also for its great horse and sheep fairs, and was probably
the market town of the elder Hayeses, and often visited
by them. Here I lodged in a quaint old building once a
part of a bishop's palace, w^hich helped me to get into the
spirit of antiquity.
At Banbury I secured a bicycle and started westward
on my seven-mile ride to Epwell, over a fine macadamized
road, such as you see everywhere in England. At Wrox-
ton, a picturesque village, about half way on my journey,
I met several persons by the name of Hayes, with whom I
had interesting conversations on the subject of the family;
but they had no old papers or Bible records, and could
give me no serviceable information.
Only at Wroxton and at Stratford-on-Avon did I find
any persons bearing our name, although at Epwell my in-
formant remembered a Hayes who had married a Hop-
kins, of whom there are several in that village. At Ful-
well also there are people by the name of Trendar, a fam-
ily into which one of Richard Hayes's daughters probably
married, as we have already seen.
My ride to Epwell lay between green hedge rows
through a beautiful, rich, pastoral region, growing more
and more rolling, till at Epwell I was among the summits
of the famed Cotteswold Hills. This range forms the
main watershed of central England, dividing the waters of
the Severn and Avon from those of the Thames and
Cherwell. From the summit above Epweil I enjoyed a
splendid breadth of view, across green rolling Oxford-
shire, to the east, towards the dreaming college towers
of ancient Oxford, and to the west across the fertile, low-
lying Warwickshire almost to Shakespeare's Stratford, — a
land fair as a dream. This beautiful range of hills con-
stitutes the line between these two historic shires; it
marks the limit of an important geological formation,
and was the borderland between the ancient kingdoms of
Mercia on the west and Wessex on the east and south.
Close by was fought the Battle of Edge Hill that opened
the great Civil War, in 1642.
The upland reaches of these hills are made up (and
much more so in Henry Hayes's day) of sheep-downs, or
great stretches of open upland pastures, on which graze,
numberless flocks of the famed Cotteswold sheep. One
of these fine flocks I had seen, driven by one of the Wrox-
In a pretty valley beneath the summits of these his-
toric hills nestles the little old-world village of Epweil,
home of the elder Henry Hayes, the earliest ancestor of
whom we know certainly. Its main street has wide
stretches of green turf on either side, bordered by quaint
thatch-roofed cottages, each with its casement windows,
its array of bright flowers, and its rose bushes and vines
climbing over the door-ways and up almost to the thatch.
The only evidence of life about the ancient sleepy place
was an old woman stepping from her door to a neigh-
bor's, evidently for a little gossip of the "Cranford"
flavor. The village is far from the railroads, and the
modern currents of trade and travel have long ago left it
to one side, stranded among the hills. From the look of
age apparent in all the houses, one might guess that the
place had altered little if at all since the days of Henry
Hayes. It seemed to be peacefully sleeping away the
years in an old-world dream.
I had no means of identifying the house where our an-
cestor lived, but when I came to the little church on the
upper edge of the village I was on certain ground. I
knew I was now at a spot closely connected with his life
and with his higher aspirations, for, being a warden of this
church, here was his place of worship, and here he must
have spent many a devoted hour in the care and oversight
of the little building and its surrounding church-yard. In
this silent enclosure, too, he must have been buried,
though a careful search among the graves of the "fore-
fathers of the hamlet" failed to reveal any stones bearing
our ancestor's name. There were but few dating back of
1700. This little house of worship, like nearly all Eng-
lish parish churches, is low and spreading, and has a
square solid tower crowned with Norman battlements.
These structures are always picturesque, and they form a
characteristic feature of England's beautiful rural scenery.
Epwell is but fourteen miles distant from Stratford-on-
Avon, and it is interesting to speculate on the probability
of our ancestor having seen Shakespeare there in the
great dramatist's later days. Shakespeare died but eigh-
teen years before our forefather.
From Epwell I turned southv/ard, over the rolling up-
lands, some two or three miles to Swalcliffe. Here
Henry Hayes owned a property which he willed to his son
Richard. Continuing on southward I passed in sight of
the village of Swerford, the home of Richard Haunds,
from whom Henry Hayes, the immigrant, purchased the
larger part of his property in America, in 1700.
Several miles farther to the south, across broad low
ridges, I came to Enstone, near which is Fulwell, the
home of Richard Hayes and his son Henry, the immi-
grant. To Enstone these ancestors of ours doubtless often
came to the village church or market.
Epwell Church, of which Henry Hayes, Sr., was a Church Warden.
Enstone has a distinct air of decayed gentility. It is
on the high-road from Oxford to Stratford, and in the old
coaching days was a point of some importance. More-
over it was once in fashion as a sort of watering-place.
But, as in so many cases, the coming of the railroads
clianged the course of trade and of fashion, and this once
gay resort fell into a long slow process of decline.
Pathetic stories might be told of many such an ancient
"deserted village" of old-world England.
Here and in several of these other old villages I
dropped into the ancient inns where the country folk con-
gregate, for I wished to hear their rustic gossip and broad
pronunciation. Here they sit long over their ale, in the
old high-backed settles about the table or beside the fire-
place. With these primitive rustic folk two hundred
years makes little change, and their manner of speech
must be much the same as it was when Henry Hayes bade
his kinsmen and neighbors farewell for a foreign land.
Fulwell is only a half mile south of Enstone, and is a
mere hamlet of a half-dozen houses. All but one (the
farm house) are of the picturesque thatch-roofed variety
already described. Henry James speaks of such cottages
as "smothered in thatch." The village is approached by
roads lined with shade, and along one of these, beneath
the great elms, I sat enjoying the view of the hamlet and
the fields from which the sweet scents of the hay harvest
were wafted, and tried to picture the life of our far ances-
tor amid these beautiful surroundings. I compared these
scenes of comfort and of fine cultivation with the wild-
ness of the untrodden woods which he was to face when
he took up his great estate in far Pennsylvania, and
thought of the courage and resolution that must have ani-
mated his pioneer spirit in making the change. And yet
the name that Henry Hayes made for himself in Penn's
new province far more than justified all the sacrifice and
I had now made my pilgrimage to all the spots known
to be connected with our English ancestors, except Spels-
bury, which I afterwards visited, as being the place of
burial of Richard Hayes.
My searches were now finished. I had taken pictures
of most of the scenes visited, some of which are here re-
produced, forming a pleasant record of the trip. My
travels gave me somewhat of the zeal of Scott's old "Anti-
quary," and a feeling of kinship with those who spend
their lives delving into the secrets of antiquity.
Should any of our Hayes cousins visit England, I ad-
vise them by all means to leave the highways of the
travelled routes for the byways of this primitive region of
our ancestors in Oxfordshire, and enjoy a day or two in
the heart of old-world England amid the memories of our
1 ,- ^'^^
^^ 1 - ^J
DR. ISAAC I. HA YES, the Arctic Explorer.
DR. ISAAC I. HAYES.
By George Bailey, Jr.
nF DR. ISAAC I. HAYES were alive to-day he would
doubtless be here to address you himself, for I am
sure he would be greatly interested in this gather-
ing of the clan. As that cannot be, I wish that one of his
own generation, who had known and followed his career
from boyhood on, might have done it in his behalf; but
some of these are gone and others are too modest to as-
sume the task, and so it has fallen to my lot to perform,
imperfectly though it may be, this labor of love.
It is now nearly 24 years since he died and I was then
but a boy, but his appearance and manner are as fresh in
mind as though he were still here with us.
Some older heads might question the wisdom of Arctic
Explorations, with the great expense and danger attend-
ing them. What good would it do anyhow to find a
North-West passage or an open Polar Sea, or even to at-
tain the pole itself. They might feel that one who pos-
sessed such unusual abilities might devote them to more
practical uses with assured success to himself and greater
benefit to others, but the interest of scientific men gener-
ally in these expeditions and the value they have placed
upon their discoveries, not only in the knowledge gained
of the geography of these countries but their general
scientific observations in these parts, have proved their
value. ]\Iankind has always eventually profited from the
investigations of those who possessed the genius and
courage to venture into the great unknown, either in this
world or the world of thought.
To his nephews and nieces Dr. Hayes was always the
hero of the family ; an atmosphere of romance surrounded
him to us. He was not like other men. Had he not as
a young physician of twenty-one gone as surgeon to the
frozen north? Had he not appeared before learned so-
cieties and enlisted their support and finally conducted an
expedition of his own, and penetrating to a point at that
time farther north than any of his predecessors, planted
the American flag on the icy shores of Grinnell Land?
Had not the value of his work been recognized by scien-
tists at home and abroad? Had he not written the most
fascinating books of travel and adventure, and was he not
still the same genial, generous, affectionate, unspoiled
uncle whose visits, though usually short and far between,
were such a delight to young and old ?
I remember the most fascinating boats that he carved
for us out of blocks of wood, equipping them with masts
and sails, that we launched upon the pond in our home
grounds; and even more fascinating was it to listen to the
stories of his travels, illustrated for us by sketches with
pencil or pen, of icebergs and Eskimos, of dogs and
Hence my endeavor to present to you not only a recital
of what he accomplished in the forty-nine years of his life,
but to acquaint you with his unique and charming per-
sonality, that you may know what manner of man he was
who did these things. He was descended from Joseph,
the third son of Henry Hayes, whose settlement in Ches-
ter County two hundred years ago we commemorate to-
day, and he w^as the son of the late Benjamin and Ann
(Borton) Hayes, of West Chester.
At the time of his birth, March 5th, 1832, his parents
resided upon a farm in West Fallowfield tow^nship. Lit-
tle did they think that their boy, bright and lively though
he was, should one day develop into a physician, an ex-
plorer, a lecturer, an author, a legislator, indeed entirely
BEI^IJAMIN HA YES, of West Chester, Father
of Dr. Isaac I. Hayes.
break away from the habits and traditions of a conserva-
tive Quaker community. He grew to be a healthy, happy,
Hvely boy, full of fun and energy, fond of reading, and es-
pecially of books of travel and adventure, a natural leader
in boyish games and pranks, but always affectionate, gen-
erous, thoughtful of others rather than himself. He was
naturally of an inventive turn of mind, handy with tools,
a trait that served him well in the Arctic region, where
much needed things were often not at hand and where the
crude materials that were, must be adapted to his uses.
Though performing the various duties required of a boy
on a farm, he found leisure time, often in the evenings, to
make various things for his own and the family use,
among the most ambitious of which was a small ox-cart
for a pair of young oxen that he and his brother had
trained, and a sleigh. These he completed himself, ex-
cept the tires on the cart and the shoes for the runners
of the sleigh, both of which his father, pleased with his
work, was glad to have the blacksmith put on for him.
Sometimes he would induce his elder sister to brine her
work to the shop, she sewing in the comfortable seat pro-
vided for her, while he worked and talked, until, the hour
growing late, they would hear the parental admonition to
retire. He attended the public district school until near-
ly thirteen years old, when he with his brother were sent
to West Grove to a school kept by Thomas Harvey, and
about a year afterward to the Friends' Boarding School
at Westtown, where he remained for two years, subse-
quently returning for a term as assistant teacher. Whilst
at Westtown his intellectual ability was especially noted,
not only in the studies prescribed at that time, but in the
natural history and literary societies that were then and
have ever since been a feature of that school. So marked
were his talents, that though only eighteen, he was de-
sired by some as a teacher in the school, but this arrange-
ment being frustrated for a time, his thoughts turned in
another direction, and it is doubtful if his active mind and
restless progressive spirit could have long- remained con-
tent as a member of the school faculty. Yet, like many
another leader of men, he did teach for a time in a school
in West Marlborough. He was advised by a neighbor on
his way to school the first morning, to take a hickory
stick with him or he would be carried out, but his knowl-
edge of and sympathy with boyish natures gained control
of the school without the use of the rod. Desirous of en-
tering one of the great professions, he chose the law, for
which his talents peculiarly fitted him, but deferred to his
father's preference and decided to study medicine ; and to
this end commenced his studies under the direction of Dr.
Samuel Harry, the family physician, an old personal
friend. He soon, however, left Chester County for Phila-
delphia, to enter the Medical School of the University of
Pennsylvania. His preceptor says of him at this time, —
"At school where I knew him well, and at the University
of Pennsylvania, where I knew him better, being for a
term his preceptor, I knew him to be a conscientious,
earnest student, determined to succeed in the profession
which he had chosen, by his untiring application fitting
himself in a superior manner for it; and being a shining
mark he was chosen by Dr. Kane as one of his assistants.
From this time his career is well known among his asso-
ciates. I trust his memory will be cherished long in the
future, for he was a representative American in the fullest
sense of the term, and did much to advance the prestige
of the North American Union." He graduated m medi-
cine in April, 1853, and opened an of^ce on South loth
street, but soon received notice of the acceptance by Dr.
Kane of his application to act as surgeon of the second
Grinnell Expedition to go in search of Sir John Franklin.
There was short time for preparation and a hurried visit
home ; and in May of the same year he sailed from New
York in the brig Advance. The whole ship's company
numbered but nineteen men, including the commander,
of whom one alone survives to-day, Mr. Amos Bonsall,
who addressed the Chester County Historical Society in
West Chester last spring, on the presentation to it of a
portrait of Dr. Hayes.
After a tempestuous voyage the vessel reached Rens-
saelaer Bay, latitude 78° 40', where the brig was frozen
in and they were forced to winter. Various parties were
sent out to explore the shores of Greenland, discovering
the great Humboldt Glacier and the Mer de Glace or
great ice cap of North Greenland, but lack of food soon
forced them to turn back. One of these parties, under
Dr. Hayes's command, crossed over to the west shore of
the channel and discovered Grinnell Land, reaching a
point two hundred miles north of previous expeditions to
that side; and planting a little flag on the top of Cape
Frazer, latitude 79° 42', turned south and connected their
surveys with those of English explorers at the mouth of
Kennedy Channel. Open water was seen to the north by
this expedition, but it was impossible to get the brig
through the ice that had now drifted down and prevented
them going south a^ain. They were therefore obliged
to spend another winter in the ice, for which they were ill-
prepared either with food or fuel. An attempt by a por-
tion of the party to reach Greenland's most northern set-
tlement at Upernavick, by boat, is given in Dr. Hayes's
first book, "An Arctic Boat Journey," a thrilling narra-
tive of hardships and exposure. The attempt proved
futile, for they were forced to return, Dr. Hayes with a
badly frozen foot that resulted in the loss of a portion of
his toes. The following spring the brig was abandoned
and they reached New York October 12th, 1855.
Dr. Hayes was now convinced of the existence of an
open polar sea, and felt sure that, profiting by former ex-
perience and with a proper food supply to prevent that
scourge of the former voyage, scurvy, he could reach the
open sea and possibly cross it to the pole. He presented
his views to various scientific societies, among them the
American Geographical Society, the American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Science, of Baltimore; the
American Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural
Science, of Philadelphia; the Academy of Arts and
Science, of Boston; the Boston Society of Natural His-
tory, and the New York Lyceum of Natural History, all
of whom approved of the undertaking and gave their aid
and encouragement as well. Commendation of his plan
was also received from the geographical societies of Lon-
don and Paris; Dr. Hayes had in the meantime given
courses of lectures over the country, especially a course
given at the instance of Professor Joseph Henry at the
Smithsonian Institution at Washington. With the pro-
ceeds of these lectures, the support and friendship of Pro-
fessor Bache, the learned and efficient chief of the United
States Coast Survey, and the subscriptions secured by the
various scientific societies, sufficient funds had been col-
lected to enable him to fit out the schooner "United
States," in which he sailed with fourteen men from Bos-
ton, July 9th, i860. He had hoped to take a steamer
also, which would have been better able to penetrate the
ice, but the expense was so great and so many things were
needed to provide for the voyage, the necessary stores
and scientific apparatus, that he deemed it inadvisable to
wait longer. The story of this expedition is told in his
second book, the "Open Polar Sea." He immediately
established an understanding with his men that resulted
in their perfect unity and co-operation throughout the
voyage. The season was already late, and though they
entered Smith Sound, they were driven back and obliged
to go into winter quarters in latitude 79° 18'. They
named the harbor Port Foulke, in honor of Wm. Parker
Foulke, a personal friend of the Doctor's, and a firm sup-
porter of the expedition. The winter was spent in scien-
tific investigation, exploration of the giacial S3^steni, and
preparations for the next season ; and on April 4th he set
out on a sledge and boat journey across and up the sound.
The highest point reached by him on the journey was
latitude 81° 35', beyond which open water was seen. This
point he called Cape Lieber, and the bay below it he
named in honor of Lady Franklin. Beyond he could see
far in the distance bold headlands, but the rotten ice made
it necessary for him to return with his sledge. He hoped
to have made another attempt to get the schooner
through the ice, but found her condition unsafe for such
an attempt, and was forced to turn back in the hope of
making a further effort at another time, having gained,
as he says, many important advantages for the future.
Not the least among these was the fact that he had
brought his party through without sickness, thus proving,
as he said, that the Arctic winter of itself breeds neither
scurvy nor discontent. At Upernavick he had the first
news from the States, and terrible news it was, of the
Civil War. At Halifax the news was confirmed, with
particulars of the firing on Fort Sumter and the Battle
of Bull Run. When he reached Boston the city was
shrouded in gloom, for many of her sons had already
fallen in their country's cause, and he at once made up
his mind that his duty lay at present not in prosecution
of his explorations, as he so greatly desired, but in the
service of his country. At daybreak the mists of the
early morning seemed to add to the city's gloom. He
reached Washington Street and bought a paper from a
passing newsboy. It recorded the account of Balls Bluff
battle. Saddened he returned to the vessel, a conflict go-
ing on in his mind. His own words will best describe his
feeling, — "The terrible reality was now for the first time
presented to my imagination. The land which I had left
in the happy enjoyment of peace was already drenched
with blood. A great convulsion had come to scatter the
landmarks of the national union, and the country which I
had known could be the same no more. Mingled with
these reflections were thoughts of my own career. To
abandon my pursuits, to give up a project in which I had
expended so much time and means, to have nipped in the
bud, as it were, a work upon which I had set my heart and
to which I had given the early years of my manhood, to
sacrifice all the hopes and all the ambitions which had en-
couraged me through toil and danger, with the promise of
fame to follow the successful completion of a great ob-
ject, to abandon an enterprise in which I had aspired to
win for myself an honorable place among men who illus-
trated their country's history and shed luster upon their
country's flag, — were thoughts which first seriously
crossed my mind while returning on board, carrying in my
hand the bloody record of Balls Bluff. In the face of the
startling intelligence which had crowded upon me since
reaching Halifax and which had now culminated; in the
face of the duty which every man owes in his own person
to his country when his country is in peril, I could not
hesitate. Before I reached my cabin, while our friends
were yet in ignorance of our presence in the bay, I had re-
solved to postpone the execution of the task with which I
had charged m.yself ; and I closed as well the cruise as the
project, by writing a letter to the President, asking for
immediate employment in the public service, and offering
my schooner to the government for a gunboat."
He received the appointment as surgeon in charge of
the Satterlee Military Hospital in West Philadelphia, with
title of Major and brevet Colonel. This hospital was
built and commanded by him until the close of the w^ar
and was at that time the largest military hospital in the
world, accommodating at times over 5000 soldiers, and
treating in all during the war 50,000 to 60,000 patients.
The hospital was especially noted for its discipline and
hygiene. The Sisters of Charity, whose services were se-
cured as nurses, bore testimony likewise to Dr. Hayes's
fatherly care for their comfort and convenience, as well as
the exaction of efficient service. At the close of the war
Dr. Hayes went to New York, and in 1867 published
"The Open Polar Sea," receiving- gold medals from the
Geographical Societies of London and Paris. In 1869 he
sailed in the steamer "Panther" with the Artist Willian'i
Bradford, of Boston, exploring the south coasts of Green-
land and taking numerous photographs. He made a
special study at this time of the Greenland glacial system,
and of the history of the country from the earliest ac-
counts in the Iceland Sagas. The results of this trip, with
many beautiful descriptions of Arctic scenery and interest-
ing accounts of life and character in Greenland, are told
in his "Land of Desolation," published in 1872. He also
published a story for children, told in a charming, simple
style, called "Cast Away in the Cold," and wrote for va-
rious periodicals, among them The Atlantic Monthly, The
Youth's Companion, and St. Nicholas. In 1874 he at-
tended the Iceland Millennial Celebration, and corre-
sponded for the New York Herald. In the same com-
pany was another illustrious Chester Countian, Bayard
Taylor, who corresponded for the New York Tribune, and
In 1876 he was elected to the New York Assembly
from the 7th District of New York City. He commanded
immediate recognition by his talents, and advocated and
saw carried through the following measures, — a free canal
policy, the organization of a state survey, and, against
vigorous opposition, provided for a tunnel beneath the
Hudson River. He was elected for six successive terms.
He died suddenly in December, 1881, of heart affection,
brought on, the physicians thought, by his exposure and
hardships endured in the Arctic regions. Though only
forty-nine, his life had been a full and illustrious one. He
had never spared himself, and doubtless his habits when
engag-ed upon some special work, of ignoring the physical
demands for food and rest, were the cause of early death,
as much as the hardships of his polar experiences. Suffice
it to say that with him personal comfort and pleasure
were subordinated to the advancement of the world's
knowledge or the country's welfare, and though am-
bitious to win fame for himself, it was upon the basis of
lasting benefits to be conferred upon his fellow men; and
no mercenary motive ever entered into his calculation.
He left no fortune behind him, but he has left a name hon-
ored by his country and a memory revered by his friends.
"t — '^^^
Approach to Fulwell, Oxfordshire, Home of Henry Hayes.
HENRY HAYES. OUR ENGLISH SIRE.
By John Russell Hayes.
Two hundred years have rolled away
And mingled with the countless span,
Two centuries since our English sire
Founded in this new world our clan.
What fortitude was his, what faith.
What trust in the all-friendly God
Who led him o'er the trackless sea
To this remote and virgin sod,
Far from his own dear English fields,
Beyond the utmost western foam,
Amid these Chester County hills
To fix and found his new-world home!
The pleasant vales of Oxfordshire
Lovely with all their storied charms.
The green-marged Thames slow winding down
Amid the peaceful ancient farms ;
The meadows and the hedge-rows green,
The orchard and the flowery garth,
The ancient church and ivied walls
That sheltered his ancestral hearth, —
How far, how fair seemed those lost scenes
When in this new world strange and wild
He thought upon his English home
Dear from the days he was a child !
And yet how happy were his dreams
Had it been given him to see
How this new land would bless his sons
Through all the golden years to be 1
God grant some vision yet was his
To dream of these our happy days
When we revere with filial love
Our sire, our founder — Henry Hayes.
Through all our clan, in weal or woe,
Forever may they cherished be —
The fortitude, the faith that drew
Our English sire across the sea.
These dear home meadows, these old roads,
These tranquil fields of clover sweet,
These well-loved woods, these grey old barns,
These acres rich with golden wheat, —
Our fathers loved them one and all ;
They lived and died on this dear land ;
Ancestral feelings stir the heart
As on this sacred soil we stand.
May never son or daughter here
Forget these acres of our birth,
Nor fail to love with loyal zeal
Our portion of the fruitful earth.
May we, his far-descended heirs,
Be worthy his ancestral gift
Of friendliness and kindly cheer
And simple honesty and thrift.
May we uphold inviolate
The glory of his patriot fame,
True children of his honored blood
And faithful to his cherished name!
ADDRESS BY STEPHEN C. HARRY.
DT is with a feeling" of reverence that I stand to-day
upon this ground sacred to the memory of our
common ancestor. It is truthfully said that he who
has lived an honorable life has built his own monument.
Henry Hayes left a monument which must grow in the
admiration of him who studies it, not a pillar of granite
doomed to yield to the ravages of time, but the living and
ever-widening influence of noble deeds, exalted character
and a worthy posterity.
Of the history of his first years in America we at this
time know very little. It is, however, certain that the
struggles and privations incident to the gaining of a foot-
hold in a new country did not weaken his determination
to succeed or dwarf his ability to achieve. His breadth of
education, strength of character, keen sense of justice,
and loyalty to the colonies, were soon recognized and ap-
preciated. In less than two years after his arrival, in the
capacity of district surveyor, he had surveyed and located
the road already referred to by our historian, which in its
course united Kennett Square to its thrifty neighbor, the
village of Avondale. A few years later we find him an
earnest and untiring worker as a member of Assembly.
Next a Justice of the Quarter Sessions, Common Pleas
and Orphans' Court, a member of many important com-
mittees representing the early settlers in those dismal
days of the ante-revolutionary period, and identified with
every movement which added to the stability and pros-
perity of his community. We may well say his life was a
force felt in the moulding of our great country.
Of his posterity it is most gratifying to be able to say
that it has in no sense detracted from the honor which
was his. Among his descendants history points to those
who in the sphere of pohtics had honest convictions and
stood by them ; to those in the professions who placed
pubHc weal above personal success ; to those in science,
who stood alone in their field of labor, and, quite equal to
all these, to a sturdiness of character transmitted from
generation to generation to which we may point with just
Of his descendants there was one of whom I must
speak — one humble, beautiful life which is of especial in-
terest to me. and to those of you who are lineal descend-
ants of the Harry branch of this great family. Sarah
Hayes was a great-granddauehter of him whose memory
we are here to honor and to perpetuate. In the year
1790 she was married to Stephen Harry, my great-grand-
father, and I tell you to-day that I am glad that it was a
Stephen Harry who was able to meet the requirements of
the Hayes standard. It is noted that on the day of their
marriage, her husband gave expression to his regrets
that he was not able to have her join him in life with the
same comforts to which she had been accustomed. His
wife mildly reproved him by replying, — "Hast thou not
two hands, a healthy body and a sound mind, all that God
bestows upon any man?" This exemplifies the sturdi-
ness of the Hayes character to which I have referred, and
undoubtedly touched the pride of her husband and
strengthened his determination to make the best of his
resources. The courage of such a wife must have been a
potent factor in making their married life the happy and
successful one it was.
Now kindly permit me to say a few words concerning
this meeting. My kinsmen, we give too little attention to
the study of our family history, and I fear we underesti-
mate the value of such an occasion as this. We cannot
meet here to-day without being the better for it. Every
reunion of this character will strengfthen the bond of re-
lationship which has bound us tot^ether, increase our own
self-respect, and our respect for each other. It will bring
us to a realization of what our ancestors have entrusted
to our keeping, and make us more keenly conscious of
our responsibilities to those who will follow us. Such
occasions make us better men and women, — indeed better
citizens. In general we cannot all be specialists in the
same line, but in this line we can. Let us each one re-
solve to-day to become an authority on the history of our
family tree. It will be to our personal gain to do so.
There is with us to-day one to whom we owe an ex-
pression of gratitude. It is to our highly esteemed Chair-
man, Wm. M. Hayes, Esq., to whose deep and unselfish
interest in the Hayes clan this grand event is due.
I am extremely thankful that it is my birthright privi-
lege to be with you to-day, and I hope and trust that this
is but one of many similar occasions at which it will be our
privilege to meet again.
ADDRESS BY MILTON JACKSON.
jjrfllY father, Job Hayes Jackson, late of West Grove,
fjlj^ Chester County, was the youngest of the thirteen
children of Thomas and Mary Hayes Jackson. These
were all born upon the portion of the Henry Hayes farm
situated immediately north of the Unionville High School.
It is recorded that two of my Jackson ancestors, Jonathan
and Thomas, married two of my Hayes ancestors, each
named Mary. And so it came to pass that the Henry
Hayes farm was divided, and the portion occupied since,
to the present day, was deeded to my ancestor, Thomas
Jackson, who had previously for a short time since his
immigration resided in New Garden.
Thomas Jackson removed to New Garden from Mount
Mellick. Ireland, where he had married Ann Man, by
Friends' ceremony. His home in England was upon the
Jackson homestead, "Kiln Bank," in Seathwaite, Lan-
cashire, upon the river Duddon, not so far from Ulverston
and the home of George Fox and the ruins of Furness
Abbey. Kiln Bank is at present owned and occupied by
Mathew Allason Jackson Dickinson, Esq., a barrister, and
his interesting family. The poet Wordsworth has left a
number of verses in connection with views and stories of
the Duddon. Records preserved by the vicars of the
neighboring churches, Seathwaite and Ulpha, show
the births, marriages and deaths of many of the Jackson
name, and as well of other names with which we here are
In this vicinity, but a little further down the valley, lies
the scene of much of the preaching of George Fox, under
protection of the Fells of Swarthmoor Hall. The locality
is easily accessible, being a portion of England's Lake
District. Its natural beauty, its placid lakes, its rugged
hills, its historic associations, all merit the consideration
of the American tourist. Many gathered here to-day at
this family reunion may see upon the tombstones in the
graveyards there the familiar names that show where our
ancestors lie buried.
ADDRESS BY THOMAS HAYES WINDLE.
rfi]|HEN I attempt to speak to an audience, I am always
\im reminded of tlie story of the young man at his
wife's funeral. When told there was a shortage of
conveyances and that he would have to ride with his
mother-in-law, his reply was, he could do it if he had to,
but he thought it would mar very much the pleasure of
the occasion. If I should say anything on this occasion
in speaking of my relatives, the Hayeses, that may mar
your feelings, I hope you will pardon me.
I am a direct descendant of Henry Hayes on my
mother's side. My branch of the family, as I remember
them, and my memory runs back at least three score and
ten years, is that they were a remarkable and in some
respects a very peculiar people. They were remarkable
for robust constitutions, physical strength, and great
longevity. My grandfather (Thomas the 2nd) had thir-
teen children. The first died in infancy; none of the re-
maining twelve died under the age of fifty ; and several
lived beyond eighty years ; and what I have said of this
family's physical conditions will apply equally to all the
preceding generations. Therefore, if any constitutional
weaknesses have become the lot of any of the Hayeses of
the present day or their descendants, it cannot be charged
with any degree of fairness to our forefathers.
They were peculiar because they said or did things not
common to other people; but these sayings and doings
showed an aptness and wit, with sometimes a moral, that
could generally be approved. I will relate some of the
peculiarities as I remember them:
Seth, a son of Thomas the 2nd. and an uncle of mine,
Kitchen of old Thomas Hayes House, near Unionville. (See page 59 )
courted a young woman ; and on the day appointed for
their marriage, drove up in front of the residence of his
intended, in what was called a gig; and as she came forth
properly attired for the occasion, she discovered she had
forgotten her gloves, and as she turned to go into the
house for them, she remarked, — "If I thought we would
get along no better than my sister and her husband, i
would not take this step to-day." Seth replied, "Now is
a very good time to think about it," turned the gig around
and drove home, and neither of them was e^er married.
Esther, a sister of Seth, was relating something on one
occasion that had been told her, when her daughter Susan
suggested to her that that was a secret. Her reply wa?,
if people have secrets they had better keep them to them-
selves, for she was not going to be burdened with secrets.
On another occasion she was deploring the fact of people
becoming angered and not speaking to each other. She
pronounced it wrong and sinful, and said she would speak
to the Devil if she met him. Her daughter asked her
what she would say to him. She replied, — "I would say, —
'Satan, get thee behind me.' "
Our ancestors were very strong mentally. So far as I
know or have been able to learn, insanity or mental weak-
ness was unknown amongst them. The early Hayeses
were not bald-headed, but had full heads of hair and re-
markably good teeth, and these are further evidences of
their good physical constitutions. The Hayeses generally
were a prolific people and carried out the Roosevelt idea
of large families. Henry, the immigrant, had sixteen
children ; Samuel, a grandson, had thirteen, and Thomas
the 2nd, a great-grandson, had thirteen. The latter was
Another fact of interest is that one branch of the
Hayeses is connected with the family of the great English
novelist, Daniel Defoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe."
My ancestor, Samuel Hayes, a son of Thomas and grand-
son of Henry, married Elizabeth Job. Her mother, also
named Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Job, of Cecil County,
Md., was a sister of Defoe. This will be especially inter-
esting to the descendants of this Samuel and Elizabeth
Hayes, many of whom are here to-day, the Harry's, Ash's,.
Doan's, Windle's and others.
ADDRESS BY JAMES A. HAYES.
rnR. PRESIDENT, LADIES AND GENTLE-
[|jy MEN: — It affords me unusual pleasure to
meet so many relatives and kin-folk for the
first time, and upon this happy occasion, the reunion
of the Hayes family in memory of and to do honor
to our worthy ancestor, Henry Hayes. I have been
greatly instructed at what I have heard. The reports,
reaching so far back and coming step by step with such
regularity and without any missing link, leave no doubt
of our inheritance, and we cannot but feel proud and
grateful that we are the sons of such an honored sire. To
trace an ancestry where that dreaded of all diseases, in-
sanity, is eliminated and wholly unknown, and where the
strength of mind, body and estate is beyond the average
family to enjoy, we are not ashamed to have the record
brought in detail down to the border line of the living
members. Beyond that it is never safe to go.
I have brought with me a relic of the branch of the
Hayes family to which I belong, an heirloom in the shape
of a silver pitcher which bears the date of 1810 and the
name of John Hayes, Esq., who was cashier of the Bank
of Delaware, Wilmington, and who was presented with
this pitcher by the stockholders of the bank as an evi-
dence of their regard for him and appreciation of his ser-
vices. John Hayes was my great-grandfather, who mar-
ried Rachael Hall, a Quaker preacher. His son Stephen
was my grandfather, who was the owner of Elk Forge, in
Cecil County, Maryland, up to the time of his early death.
My father, George Hayes, moved from Cecil County to
Harford County, Md., where he married my mother, Md.v-
garet Silver. He was a teacher, and for some time Judge
of the Orphans' Court of Harford County. He died some
years ago in his eighty-seventh year.
Permit me to say in conclusion, this is the first family
reunion I have ever attended, and I feel grateful to the
energetic projectors for the opportunity they have afford-
ed me. I did not expect to make an address and thought
I would merely introduce the silver pitcher, but I find the
pitcher has been the means of introducing me.
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THE OLD HAYES TRACT.
Address by J. Carroll Hayes.
HILE working over the old deeds and records con-
nected with our ancestors, it occurred to me that a
detailed draft of the Henry Hayes tract, upon
which we are now gathered, would be of interest to his
descendants here to-day. I accordingly prepared such a
draft from old deeds and other sources, for your inspec-
As you will see, the land which our ancestor took up in
the virgin forest lay between the original north line of
Marlborough Township and the land of the Free Society
of Traders, which latter was afterwards purchased by
Nathaniel Newlin and erected into Newlin Township. In
some of the early records the Hayes tract is descriloed as
being in Bensalem Township, but no such township was
ever organized, and the lines of Marlborough Township
were afterwards extended to include this wedge-shaped
district. When Marlborough Township was later divid-
ed, the Hayes tract fell into East Marlborough.
The first or eastern portion of the tract taken up by our
ancestor contained 600 acres, and was surveyed to him
May 24th, 1706, by virtue of a warrant dated January
28th, 1705-6. The second portion of 530 acres adjoined
the other upon the west, and was surveyed June 30th,
1713. The dividing line, as will be seen, ran in a broken
line nearly northeast.
It is interesting to observe how evenly Henry Hayes
divided this great tract among his sons. With a single
exception the deeds from him and his wife Rachel to the
various sons call for 177 acres each, he himself retaining
the same quantity for his own homestead. William,
Joseph and Richard received their lands in 1729, Thomas
in 1732. and Stephen in 1736. A tract of 1 1 1 acres in the
northern part had previously, in 1724, been conveyed to
Joshua Johnson, later coming into the ownership of David
Hayes, and now belonging to Lydia and Ann Jackson.
Upon the extreme eastern edge of the Henry Hayes
tract the village of Unionville gradually grew up. Less
than half a mile north of the village was the homestead of
our common ancestor.
From Unionville running northwest is the old Doe Run
road, or the "Great Road" as it is described in some of
the early deeds. It is wide and straight, running with al-
most the directness of a Roman road, as is the wont of
many of our older highways, and it divided the Henry
Hayes tract almost exactly into half. A short distance
north of it are traces of what was perhaps a still older
road, now disused, that curved to the south as it ap-
proached Unionville. Some of the old deeds mention it
as a boundary of several of the farm tracts.
In preparation for this meeting, my brother, John Rus-
sell Hayes, and I made an antiquarian tour through this
original Henry Hayes tract, visiting the old houses, inter-
viewing their owners, and searching among the early
deeds and other papers in the old musty garrets. It was
a quest full of interesting experiences.
The most important of our discoveries was the site of
the original loghouse of Henry Hayes, the immigrant.
As already seen, the part of the original 11 30 acre tract
which he retained for himself and owned till his death,
was the portion lying in the northeast corner, containing
177 acres. It was on this tract, therefore, that we ex-
pected to find the original home of our ancestor.
This homestead was, after his death, bought by
Jonathan Jackson, whose descendants intermarried with
'robable Site of old Henry Hayes Log House, near Unionville. (with present owner. Henry Jactcson.)
those of Henry Hayes, and part of it has remained in the
Jackson family ever since.
We were rewarded by learning- from Henry Jackson,
the present owner, that some years ago, in plowing, de-
cayed logs had been discovered in a field just below his
house, evidently the remains of an old log cabin. The
site is close to a spring (as houses were generally loca-
ted in those days) at the head of the little stream that
flows down through Unionville. Our informant told us,
moreover, of a tradition in his family that the old Hayes
house was upon this farm. There can be little doubt,
then, that here was the primitive home which our pioneer
ancestor built for himself in the wilds of the frontier, and
where he reared the family that was to number so many
and to spread so far in the days to come. It was indeed
an interesting spot at which to linger with such thoughts
and memories to kindle the imagination.
The only part of the original 1130 acre tract that has
remained in the Hayes name was the portion given by
Henry to his son Thomas. Its present owner is Job
Hayes, and the old stone house which he occupies, a half
mile west of Unionville, was probably built by Thomas
Hayes. It is doubtless the oldest building now standing
upon the original Hayes tract, and contains the huge
lire-places and the oak-timbered garret of the days of our
Probably the earliest traditions handed down in the
Hayes family relate to Samuel, a son of this Thomas
Hayes. He was a man of unusual dimensions, and inci-
dents are related among his descendants, that would in-
dicate an appetite of corresponding size. It is told how
he would go to the spring, upon occasion, and drink an
entire crock of cream ; and upon being called to account
by the housewife, would admit the soft impeachment,
pleading that he did it "to nourish his body." It is also
told that he would eat enough before attending the Court
at Chester, some twenty-five miles distant, to which he
journeyed afoot, to sustain him until his return home.
A great-grandson of this Samuel Hayes, Henry H.
Hayes, of West Chester, a man now of eighty-seven
years, remembers as a boy seeing his aged ancestor heav-
ing logs with a crow-bar into the great kitchen fire-place,
and also greasing his boots and setting them on the fence
to dry. He remembers, too, how methodically he would
undress, folding up each article of clothing and piling
them on a chair, topping all off with his hat. It is inter-
esting and rather remarkable that there should be anyone
living who can personally remember a grandson of the
original Henry Hayes.
Another interesting incident of a personal nature that
is recorded, relates to Stephen Hayes, son of Henry, and
to his kinsman Thomas Jackson. By the Minutes of New
Garden Monthly Meeting of Friends of 12th Month 22nd,
1734-5, the Meeting was informed "yt Thomas Jackson
Junr. went a Long with Stephen Hayes when he went and
gott married by ye priest."
Among the oldest heirlooms, probably, in the family,
are an ancestral clock and desk, which have remained dur-
ing five generations at the old Mordecai Hayes home-
stead, in Newlin Township, where my family and T have
our summer home. These articles were willed by this
Mordecai Hayes to his son Mordecai, and by him to his
son Jacob, who was my grandfather, and by him be-
queathed to me. The clock is of the tall "grandfather"
variety and has but one hand, the hour hand. The sec-
tions between the hour marks are accordingly divided
into halves and quarters, instead of into fifths, for min-
utes, as in modern clocks. In those more leisurelv davs
of old minutes evidently were taken little account of. An
expert on old clocks has declared that this one was prob-
ably made in England, and it is stated in works on the
subject that this single-hand type was the earliest of the
Garret of old Thomas Haves House, near Unionville.
tall clocks, the first ones being made in the time of
Charles II. It is possible, therefore, that this one was
brought from England by Henry Hayes himself.
The tract which our pioneer ancestor took up in the
New World lies on a broad ridge forming a watershed
between the waters of the Red Clay Creek, and those of
the Brandyw'ine Creek, famed for its beauty and its his-
toric associations. This highland region forms part of
the backbone of central Chester County. From this an-
cient upland home of the family we see, as we look back
in time, the sons and descendants of the original settler
going down and spreading in many different directions,
planting new homes and rearing families of their own, till
their numbers have mounted to a score of thousands, scat-
tered through a dozen States. Is it not an interesting
and an impressive picture to contemplate? On its own
small scale it might be likened to the great migration and
dispersal of the Aryan race from their primitive highland
home in southwestern Asia. If a true history could be
written of this lesser migration of our kindred, what a
fascination it would have for us now!
CAPTAIN JOSEPH HAYES AND HIS
By Miss Anne P. Burkham.
N the beautiful and fertile valley of the Miami,
not far from the banks of the Ohio River,
across which the calm Kentucky hills stand
sentinel, is the secluded little family burying ground,
long since disused, and known as the "Pioneer
Burying Ground." In this beautiful and quiet spot,
where the wild rose runs riot, and the flaming yellow
of the wild lily gleams through the dense shade of the
interlacing trees, lie the bodies of Captain Joseph Hayes
and Joanna Passmore Hayes, his wife; their son, Lieut.
Solomon Hayes and Mary Craig Hayes, his wife ; and
other sons and daughters, the pioneer members of the
Hayes family in the West, who over a century ago left the
cultivated and peaceful fields of Pennsylvania, to cast
their lot with the great and then unknown West, a coun-
try of whose fertility wonderful tales were told, but which
yet loomed vague and full of dread, for the red man had
not been wholly driven out and still made his terrible
Captain Joseph Hayes was the fourth son of Joseph
Hayes and Jean Woodward* (who were married August
*Richard Woodward (grandfather of Jean Woodward) was of Eng-
lish descent, was settled in Chester County, Penna., in 1687. Was
born about 1636, died in 1706. His wife's first name was Jane.
(Genealogy of the Woodward Family.)
He was no doubt the Richard Woodward who married Jane Petty,
September loth, 1674. (See Register Charter House Chapel, England.)
26th, 172^). He was born in Chester County, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1732, and according to the record of the Old
Swedes' Church, in Wilmington, Delaware, was married
Aug. 1 2th, 1753, to Joanna (sometimes spelt Hannah)
Passmoref (born Feb. nth, 1733).
Of Capt. Joseph Hayes's early life we have few details.
He spent his youth and early manhood in Chester County.
On July 2nd, 1756, he purchased from his brother Isaac
106 acres on the Brandywine River, in Newlin Township,
a part of the 400 acres which had belonged to their father.
Later he purchased 128 more acres and was taxable until
after the Revolution. In 1779 he was assessed w^ith 200
acres, 2 horses, 4 cattle and 10 sheep. He was a member
of the London Grove Meeting House (a branch of the
New Garden Monthly Meeting), luit we fear not a very
good one, as his fiery temper and independent nature
seem to have brought him into trouble more than once
with those peace-loving people. On Aug. i, 1754, we
find complaint was brought against him because of his
marriage by a priest or minister, but later he produced
an acknowledgment to the Monthly Meeting, which was
accepted, and he continued in membership for some time.
In 1 76 1, however, he was denounced by the Monthly
Meeting for "striking John Smith in a passion, and not
being willing to confess himself in the wrong," and from
that time he severed his connection with the Friends.
His son Richard Woodward II married first, Esther Davis in 1695,
second Deborah Stanfield in 1701. By one of these wives he had a
daughter Jean, who married Joseph Hayes in 1727.
fThomas Passmore (o-reat grandfather of Joanna Passmore ), liv-
ing in England in 1610, married Margery Ball and was the father of
John Passmore. John Passmore married Mary Buxcey (daughter of
Humphrey Buxcey). He lived in the parish of Hurst in Berkshire,
England, where his son William was born Nov. i6th, 1703. John
Passmore and family came to Chester County, Penna., prior to 1718.
His son William married Mary Heald (daughter of John Heald),
March 4th, 1724. Their daughter Joanna (Hannah) married Joseph
Hayes Feb. nth, 1733.
When the Revolution broke out, the fire of patriotism
burned brightly in his bosom, and he found a more
worthy cause on which to expend his fighting propen-
sities. On August 28th, 1776, he mortgaged his lands in
Newlin Township (2 farms), for 574 pounds, and the tradi-
tion in the family is that at his own expense he equipped
a company of cavalry, of which he was captain, and gave
his services to his country, being for a time under the
command of General Otho Williams. At the close of the
Revolution he was paid by the Government for his ser-
vices, in Continental money, which, having no value,
ruined him financially, and on April 30th, 1785, his lands
were sold by the sheriff in foreclosure of the mortgage,
which he was unable to meet. His property gone, his
fighting days over, there seemed no longer a place for him
in the land of his birth, so hoping that the new and untried
West might hold some fortune for him, he decided to join
the tide of emigration which was sweeping westward.
In 1 79 1 Capt. Joseph Hayes and his wife, Joanna, with
their sons. Job and Joseph, Jr., and their wives and chil-
dren ; their daughters, Pricilla (wife of Thomas Miller),
and Joanna (wife of James Bennett), left their home in
Pennsylvania, and after a long and tedious journey
reached Red Stone Old Fort. Here the little cavalcade
stopped for a short time and here there was born to Job
Hayes and Beulah Tussig, his wife, a son James. They
embarked on the Monongahela River and floated down
the Ohio until they reached the mouth of the Great
Miami, but they had not been long in their new abode —
it could not yet be called a home — when the joy at the
thought that the long, dangerous journey was at an end,
changed into sorrow at the death of Capt. Joseph's son
Job. Three months after his death a posthumous son.
Job, Jr., was born.
At the place still known as Hayes Point they cleared
the land, built houses and cultivated the ground. Here,
a few years later, Joseph Hayes, Jr., Thomas Miller and
Josiah Post bought the first tract of land purchased of the
United States in the State of Indiana, for $2635.03. This
tract, with the addition of over 4000 acres, is now owned
by the fourth and fifth generation of the Hayes family.
The first few years of these brave pioneers in the new
land must have been full of privations and perils. There
were no friends and homes awaiting, nothing but an un-
tried and sublime faith in this new country, where the
trees had to be felled and chopped before the simple
homes could be built of logs in the form of block houses,
as a protection from the dreaded Indians who were al-
ways lurking near. From 1793 to 1795 a battalion or
troops was stationed on the right bank of the Great
Miami, a mile and a half from its mouth, to guard these
exposed settlements, and for years the ruins of the old
powder house could be seen. But in spite of the protec-
tion of garrison and troops the savages often crept in and
murdered the settlers, or stole horses and cattle, and the
smallest child was taught to be constantly on the watch
against the common foe. Pricilla Miller, Captain
Joseph's daughter, was one day alone in her little house,
when a slight sound attracted her attention; the primitive
doors were made of two heavy pieces of wood fastened
together, and a circular opening was left so that the hand
could be slipped through to lift the latch, which was on
the inside. To her horror she saw an Indian's hand
stealthily slipping through, to raise the latch and effect an
entrance. Pioneer women could not afford to be timor-
ous or faint-hearted, so without a moment's hesitation
she caught up the ax, which was always kept in the house,
and struck the fingers from the latch, and the Indian,
doubtless thinking the house well guarded, silently re-
Captain Joseph was a mighty hunter and spent days
roaming over the country, armed with his unerring rifle,
with an eye open for the Indians and the other on the
alert for deer, bears and elk, which formed a welcome ad-
dition to the simple household fare. He used to say that
he always took his pick from a drove of deer, and would
never kill a doe, nor more than was necessary for their
Mr. Morrison, in his History of the Hayes Family, says:
"Captain Hayes in the early part of the summer of 1796
killed a very large buck elk, with towering" head of horns,
on the next branch west of Double Lick Run, which
branch has ever since gone by the name of Elk Run. On
the next day after killing the elk, there was preaching
in one of the houses, and after the services were over
Joanna Passmore Hayes rose and said : 'People, all ye
that want fresh meat, come to our house, for father has
killed an elephant.' Be it elk or elephant, it shows what
kindness and unity existed in those early days. If one
among them killed deer, beef or sheep, or caught a lot of
fish, all would be divided among the other neighbors."
In this new country Captain Hayes found a new life
opening up for him and here he lived to a ripe old age,
dying in 1812 at eighty, after seeing his sons, grandsons
and great-grandsons grow up about him. He and his
wife made themselves a power in the land of their
adoption, and were loved and esteemed by all. Their
home was always open to the traveller and the wayfarer,
and hospitality reigned at their board. It was at their
house that the first Methodist Church in Indiana was or-
ganized, and almost from the beginning school was
taught in the Hayes, Miller and Guard settlement.
"Somewhat subsequent to 1793 and prior to 1796 school
was taught at the station of Captain Hayes by Isaac Polk,
who was the first school teacher in that part of the coun-
try. He was known far and wide as Master Polk, was a
fine scribe, and a man of unusual learning."
The industry and perseverance of these early settlers
JACOB HAYES, of Lawrenceburg, Ind., son of
Solomon, son of Captain Joseph, son of Joseph,
son of Henry.
were rewarded with success, and wealth crowned their
efforts. Tales of the prosperity of the transjjlanted
branch of the family, travelling back to Pennsylvania,
other members decided to join them. In September,
1801, John and Joseph Hayes, sons of Solomon Hayes
and grandsons of Captain Joseph, came out from Chester
County, and two years later their father and mother,
Solomon and Mary Hayes, with their sons. Walter, Jacob
and Henry, and their daughters, Rebecca, Phoebe and
Jane, also joined the colony in the West.
Solomon Hayes, eldest son of Captain Joseph Hayes
and Joanna Passmore Hayes, was born in Chester County
in 1755, was married Aug. 15th, 1776, to Mary Craig
(b. Jan. 4th, 1754,) daughter of Walter Craig. Pie passed
his earlier years in Chester County and was assessed in
Newlin Township in 1779 with 100 acres of land, two
horses, two cattle and six sheep. During the Revolution
he, like his father, gave his services to his country, and
was second lieutenant, second company, first battalion,
under Colonel Hannan, 1777-78, and after the Revolution
he appears to have occupied the farm of 105 acres belong-
ing to his father, until 1785. When in 1803 Solomon
Hayes decided to go West to join his parents, brothers,
sisters and two sons who had preceded him, it must have
been with a heavy heart that Mary Craig looked her last
upon those dear hills of Chester County, and bade fare-
well to her father. Tearing herself from his embrace she
followed her husband and children upon the journey to
the other loved ones in the West. But ere they had gone
far, they reached a point where two roads met, and there
she once more saw her father who had reached them by a
shorter cut, mounted on one of his finest horses. He ac-
companied them for some distance on the journey, and
when he finally left them he presented the horse to his
daughter that she might have another connecting link be-
tween the old and the new home. This horse became a
valued member of the family, and his descendants were in
the family for several generations.
Solomon Hayes died in Dearborn County, Indiana,
in 1816, but his wife lived until 1842, and after her hus-
band's death made her home with her son, Joseph Hayes,
and his family. In her later years she loved to live over
her early days in her beloved Chester County, and to
dwell upon the stirring times of the Revolution. One of
her grandsons still remembers sitting at her feet before
the glowing fire and having his childish heart stirred by
tales of those thrilling days. She told of the weary hours
she spent during the Battle of Brandywine, in which her
husband and father-in-law were both engaged; of being
awakened by the endless tramp, tramp, of the soldiers as
they marched by during the dead watches of the night ; of
going to the well in the morning, only to find the soldiers
had emptied it quite dry to satisfy their own and their
horses' thirst ; of being able to tell whether it was friend
or foe who had passed so near them, for when the soldiers
were Americans the ground was often stained with blood
from their poorly shod feet. Mary Craig Hayes was a
woman of remarkably fine mind and beautiful presence,
and there are those still living who remember her gracious
The descendants of Captain Joseph Hayes, now num-
bering thousands, are scattered from New York to Colo-
rado, and from the northern lakes to Florida. Among
them have been men of great intellect and strong char-
acter who have made themselves a power in their com-
munity. Fifty years after Captain Joseph Hayes settled
in Dearborn County there were no men in Southeastern
Indiana who, for influence, integrity and financial power,
stood higher than his grandsons. Job, Levi and Thomas
Miller; Abiah, Enoch, Joseph, Walter and Jacob Hayes;
and their descendants still own nearly all the rich lands in
the beautiful valley which their ancestors chose for a
WALTER C. HA YES, of Lawrenceburg. Ind..
son of Solomon, son of Captain Joseph, son of
Joseph, son of Henry.
"Walter Craig Hayes, son of Solomon and Mary Craig
Hayes, was born in Chester County, Penna., Oct. loth,
1789. On April 13th, 181 5, he married his cousin Nancy,
daughter of Joseph, Jr., and Mary Hayes, by whom he
had eleven children, only four of whom lived to maturity.
Walter C. Hayes was a thrifty, prosperous farmer, a river
trader, a railroad promoter, and a bank director for thirty-
three years. He was a quiet man, with frugal tastes and
strict temperance habits, an ardent Methodist, and a
liberal contributor to the cause of education. He died
Dec. 22nd, 1867. His wife, Nancy Hayes, who was born
April 22nd, 1797, and died July i8th, 1855, is still praised
by those who have known her tender care in the hours of
"Jacob Hayes, son of Solomon and Mary Craig Hayes,
and grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was born in Chester
County, Penna., Jan. 8th, 1791. He came West with his
father, mother, brothers and sisters in 1804. He was
married three times: ist, to Sallie Bennett; 2nd, in 1823,
to Nancy Hayes, daughter of Abiah and Anne Hayes ;
3rd, in 1828, to Leah Hayes, daughter of Caleb Hayes.
Jacob Hayes was one of the first pioneers, and with an ac-
tive mind and keen business ability, and by his skilful
farming and river trading he amassed a large fortune.
He was prominent in the Lawrenceburg Insurance Co..
and also in the branch of the State Bank of Indiana. He
was very charitable to the poor, and ever ready to help in
time of need. He was blind for eighteen years before his
death, which occurred Feb. 25th, 1874."
"Abiah Hayes, son of Enoch Hayes (who never came
West), and grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was born
Dec. i8th, 1780. in Washington County, JPenna., where
he resided until his twentieth year, when he came West
and invested his all in a few acres of land, where he reared
his little cabin. By his thrift and good judgment he
amassed a little money and engaged in river trading. He
made thirty-three trading voyages to New Orleans; six-
teen times he returned on foot through the Indian na-
tions, and once he went around by sea with his cargo,,
which he disposed of at Norfolk, Va., and Alexandria and
Georgetown, D. C. He was drafted during the War of
1812, and belonged to what was known as the Rangers.
He amassed a large fortune and at fifty years was the rich-
est man in Dearborn County, Indiana. He was cool and
collected, meditated much, conversed sparingly, and
never allowed himself to be carried away by passion. He
lost his eyesight eight years before his death, which took
place July 27th, 1850."
In 1858 Joseph Hayes III (son of Solomon Hayes and
grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes), and Nancy Billingsley,
his wife, wrote their autobiographies at the request of Mr.
Samuel Morrison. Mr. Morrison, a learned and culti-
vated gentleman, found time, amidst the cares of an un-
usually busy and useful life, to gather together the
ravelled and tangled threads of the past, and to him the
present generation owes much. These autobiographies
are particularly valuable, as they give a perfect picture of
early pioneer life in Indiana, and are now in the pos-
session of Colonel Ezra G. Hayes, of Lawrenceburg, In-
diana, through whose kindness the following extracts are
Extracts from Autobiography of Joseph Hayes III,
written in 1858:
"I was born in Chester County, Pa., ten miles west of
the town of West Chester, July 31st, 1786. I worked for
my father, Solomon Hayes, on the farm, until my fifteenth
year, when my oldest brother, John Hayes, told me that
where my grandfather and grandmother and four of my
uncles lived, out in the 'Far West,' was a great country
lOSEPH HA YES, III,
( Portrait in possession of Mr. C. B. Burkham. Cincinnati, O.)
with a rich and fertile soil, where they could raise as much
grain again to the acre, and with half the labor, as in
Chester County, and that he was determined on going
West to try his fortune and if I would leave my parents
and go with him he would pay my expenses. * * * j
hated the thought of going and leaving my parents. Then
I reflected that they were poor, and if 1 still remained
here tilling the poor hills of Chester County, in all prob-
ability they would never be any better off and would never
be able to give me any more schooling. With these re-
flections, and' with the thought of seeing my good old
grandparents, who would give me a home as soon as I
arrived there, I resolved to go. So one evening I packed
up some clothing and hid the bundle in an apple tree in
the orchard, and when morning came we set out early on
foot. * * * We passed through Lancaster, then
Harrisburg, where we crossed the Susquehanna River on
a ferry, there being no bridge at that time. The next
place of importance was Chambersburg. * * * After
a tedious and wearisome journey of seven days we
reached 'Red Stone Old Fort' on the Monongahela
River. Here we tarried for two weeks. * * * Here
my brother and another man ♦ * * bought a canoe
in which we embarked our little all on the peaceful waters
of the Monongahela. There were but few settlements
and we would be for two days without seeing a house
along its banks. When night came on we lay down in
our canoe and slept while it floated along. When it
would float to the shore, which it frequently did, one of
our party would get up and shove out in the stream. *
* * There was a few houses only at the place Avhere
the city of Pittsburg was afterwards built, and here we
entered the Ohio. From here down the river to our des-
tination there were but few settlements. The first we
came to was Wheeling, then Marietta. * * * 'Yhe
river was alive with water fowl of every description, es-
pecially ducks. * * * Then again the howl of a wolf
would break in on the monotonous cry of the ducks, or
the hooting of the owls. After passing Marietta and
Fort Harmar, there was here and there a house on the
Virginia side ; the journey was lonely in the extreme ; even
the Hying of the bald eagles, blue cranes and numerous
flocks of wild pigeons, which seemed to pass over like
clouds, was a relief to our loneliness. The solemn old
forest lined the river banks on both sides, as far as the
highlands, then willows to the water's edge. * * *
There were a few houses or rather cabins at the mouth of
the great Kanawha River, then at the mouth of the Big
Sandy; none on the north or Ohio side. * * * The
country * * * ^as wild, romantic and dreary. *
* * We would occasionally see flocks of wild turkeys
and droves of deer. The next settlement was Limestone
(now Maysville) j * * * here were but a few houses,
mostly cabins. Next we came to Columbia, at the mouth
of the Little Miami, quite a lively settlement. We kept
on and soon arrived in Cincinnati, then a small village *
* * the first land sale was just over. We proceeded
on our journey down to the mouth of the Great Miami,
where we arrived about the 20th of April, 1801. Here we
left our canoe. * * * After passing over a rich bot-
tom heavily timbered * * * for two and a half miles,
we reached the foot of the highlands where we found our
grandparents who gladly welcomed us to the far off West-
ern country. Here were Uncle Thomas Miller, James
Bennett, Uncle Joseph Hayes, Cousin Abiah Hayes and
wife ; each family had about six to ten acres cleared in
corn. Of other settlers who lived here in 1801 were the
Guards, Blies, Gilderests, Henry Harden and family, Wil-
liam, James, John and several daughters; also Isaac Polk
and Isaac Mills, Mr. Dunn and family, and Robert Piatt.
* * * In my first recollection of river trading, all the
commerce of the Ohio was carried on in canoes, and *
* * consisted of bear, buffalo, deer, raccoon, fox,
beaver and otter skins, and bear oil put up in wolf skins.
These articles would be taken to Cincinnati and ex-
changed for ammunition, pots, kettles, dishes and such
articles as early settlers needed, and their wants con-
formed to their means, for few things answered in early
times. * * * In the lowlands nearby there had been
a heavy growth of large nettles, as large as hemp.
Grandfather gathered it, broke it out as he did hemp,
and dressed it. Grandmother hackled, spun and wove it
into linen. * * * Instead of shoes we wore moc-
casins. Each family was obliged to tan what leather they
needed and all their deer skins were home dressed, of
which our moccasins, pantaloons and hunting shirts were
made; no fine broadcloth, and no other cloth until we
raised the sheep and made it. * * * In 1803 the
small-pox spread all over the country to an alarming ex-
tent. Nearly every family had it. Of our relatives who
died with it were Mahlon and Pricilla Miller, Jane Hayes,
Job Hayes and a Mrs. Waldon. Mahlon Hayes had it
severely. As I had had it, grandmother Hayes kept me
busy riding around on the old horse, seeing to the neigh-
bors and carrying them butter, cakes and pies. The first
field of corn I planted for myself was about ten acres. I
scratched it over with a plow. I then fixed a little crib in
the plow in which I placed our first child. I furrowed out
and my wnfe dropped the corn. At noon she would take
the child out, go to the house and get dinner; while she
w^ould be getting dinner I took the hoe and would cover
the corn. We continued this way until we had finished
the ten acres. * * * Squirrel hunts were organized
by choosing two captains and equal numbers on each side,
and there would be a prize offered to the man who killed
the most squirrels. Mahlon Brown in one hunt used a
cross-bow with which he killed over three hundred
squirrels in one day. This was great sport, besides saving
the crops in pioneer times."
Mr. Hayes gives in detail his experience in river trad-
ing, buying land, raising cattle, and the various other
ways by which he steadily increased his property. He
possessed common sense in an unusual degree, and by his
own labors and good judgment amassed a fortune which
made him one of the wealthiest men of Dearborn County,
Intliana. He married in March, 1809, Nancy Billingsley
(daughter of Thomas Billingsley and Nancy Thurston, his
wife), who came West from Berkeley County, Virginia, in
1796, with her parents, and died February 3rd, 1875.
"In 1834 Joseph and Walter Hayes were directors in
the first railroad company organized in the State of In-
diana. They and their brother Jacob helped to organize
the Branch Bank of the State, and were directors in it.
From 1812 until age began to encroach on their energies,
these three brothers were in the front rank of the men
who were doing things in the vicinity of Lawrenceburg,
Descendants of Captain Joseph Hayes.
CAPTAIN JOSEPH AND JOANNA PASSMORE HAYES had
1 SOLOMON, md. Mary Crai^. Had ten children.
2 Jane, md. James Connor and never came West.
3 Phoebe, md. Thomas Connor and never came West.
4 Pricilla, b. 1761; d. 1836; md. Tliomas Miller. Had four children.
5 Joanna, md. James Bennett. Had descendants.
6 Enoch, md. in Chester County. Never came West. Had four
7 Job, md. Beulah Tussig. Had three children.
8 Joseph, Jr., md. Mary . Had sixteen children.
I SOLOMON HAYES, eldest son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was
born in Chester county, Pa.; died in Dearborn county, Indiana,
in 1816; .married Aug. 15th, 1776, Mary Craig (dau. of Walter
and Mary Craig), born Jan. 4th, 1754; died in 1842. They had
I Hannah, md. her cousin. Banner Connor, in Chester county,
and never came West.
2 Rebecca, md. Timothy Guard. Had no children.
3 Henry, who came West with his father, and later moved to
Illinois and settled on the "American Bottoms," near St.
Louis, where he has now many descendants; among them
men of prominence and distinction.
4 John, never married; died in Posey county, Indiana.
5 JOSEPH III, md. Nancy Billingsley. Had twelve children.
6 Jacob, md. three times, ist, Sally Bennett; 2nd, Nancy Hayes;
3rd, Leah Hayes. Had ten children.
Children by ist wife:
Children by 2nd wife:
Henry, md. Nancy Finch.
Isaac, md. ist, Elizabeth Finch; 2nd, Eliza Gregg. Had one
daughter: Nancy, who md. ist, Levi Guard; 2nd, John
Donman. By her first husband she had a daughter, Car-
rie, who md. Harry Simms, and had a son and two
Children by 3rd wife:
Mary Jane, md. Ezra Guard.
George Buell, md. Martha Bales; had three children: Jacob;
Isaac, who md. Sally Hayes; Leah, who md. Mahlon
Anne, md. Richard Hunter.
Edward, md, Jane Neal.
America, md. James Miller.
Omar, md. Minerva Colvin.
7 Nancy, died unmarried.
8 Phoebe, md. Samuel Freeman. Had children. Descendants
9 Jane, md. Charles Billingsley. Had son Charles, died unmar-
10 Walter Craig, md. Mary Craig. Had eleven children.
Mary Jane, md. twice, ist, George Blaisdell; 2nd, Warren
West; by ist husband had three children. Ann, Enoch,
George; by 2nd husband had three children.: Roxana,
James C., imarried twice; ist, Mary Stevens; 2nd. Sarah Sar-
gent; by 1st wife had four children: Rebecca, Rhoda, Fran-
cis, Walter Craig; by 2nd wife had five children: Delanah,
Samuel Morrison, Harry M., Iva B., Thomas Sargent.
Olive, md. Charles W. Stevens. Had children: Nancy, Wal-
Leah, md. Dewitt C. Fitch. Had children: Hannah Virginia,
Henry, Walter Hayes, Harris Biggs, James Collins, Ada
Florence, George William, Thomas Allen, Joseph Theo-
Hannah Virginia, dau. of Leah Hayes and Dewitt C.
X (Q,^^' q^6^
Fitch, md. Archibald Shaw, and had children: Ida
Campbell, Cora Leah, William Dewitt, Harris Fitch,
Edward Rous, John Archibald, Ellen Margaret, Dewitt
Jane, 2nd child of Captain Joseph Hayes, md. James Connor and
never came West.
Phoebe, 3rd child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Thomas Connor and
never came West.
Pricilla, 4th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Thomas Miller. Had
1 Job, md. Sarah Hayes. Had four children:
2 Levi, md. . Had two children:
3 Thomas, md.
4 Beulah, md. David Guard. Had two children:
Mary, md. Columbus Stevenson.
Eliza, mid. Daniel Symms Major. Had two children: Caro-
line, md. Ezra G. Hayes; Josephine, md. Oliver B. Lid-
dell and had three children: Major, Caroline Olivia, and
Donald Macy, who married Edith Stabler.
5 Joanna, 5th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. James Bennett. Had
6 Enoch, 6th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. . Had four chil-
1 Sarah, md. Job Miller.
2 Abiah, md. Anne Crabtree. Had seven children:
Silas, md. Rachel .
Van, md. Margaret Fuller.
Abiah, md. Mary Tullig.
Joseph, md. Mary Anne Newton. Had three children:
Enoch, imd. Anne McCormick; Van, md. Rachel Mason;.
Molly, md. John Cardon.
Nancy, md. Jacob Hayes.
Isabel, md. Squire Watts.
Elizabeth, md. Willard Whipple.
3 Enoch, md. . Had four children:
Rebecca, md. Timothy Guard.
4 Isaac, md. . Had children; among them:
Enoch, md. Craig. Had children: Thomas: Sylvia;:
Minnie, md. Frank Burkham; Grant; Mary; Lee; and
Job, 7th son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Beulah Tussig. Had
1 Sarah, md. Levi Miller.
2 James, md. Penina Connor (his cousin). Had four children:
James, md. Minerva Uiff. Had children: i, Erastus, md.
Roxy West; 2, Lida, md., i, Jacob Young; 2, Jacob Hal-
lowcll; 3, Kate, md. James Doyle; 4, Flora, md. John
Brawley; 5, Eva, md. George Heaton.
Jacob C, md. Mary McCanse. Had six children: i, Harries,
md. John Childlaw, and had four children: Rebecca, Mat-
tie, Walter and Edward; 2, William, md. Harriet Guard;
3,Mahlon, md. Mary Miller; 4, James, md. Dawson;
5, Job, md. Clara Hallowell; 6, Mary, md. Thomas Mc-
Stephan, md. ist, Margaret Rittenhouse; 2nd, Mary Bird-
sail. Had children, among them: i, Leah, md. Peter
Becker; 2, Harry, md. Macy McElfresh; 3, Charles,
Eunice, md. Moses B. Wamsley. Had nine children: i,
Anderson, md. Mary Lewis; 2, Anna; 3, Alvin: 4, Findlay,
md. Anna Markland; 5, Bartha, md. Otho Lowe; 6, Fan-
nie, md. James Rittenhouse; 7, Job; 8, Belle, md. Milton
Lowe; 9, Chalon, md. Anna Stevens.
3 Job, Jr., md. his cousin, Joanna Hayes. Had ten children:
Joseph, md. Sarah Meyers. Had children: Job W.; Enos;
Alice; Isaac; Joseph G. ; Wilson; Charles.
Joseph, Jr., 8th son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. ist, Mary ;
2nd, Mariah Butler Wilson (May 4th, 1817). Had sixteen chil-
dren; among them:
1 Rachel, md. Bailey Guard.
2 Anne (or Nancy), md. Walter Craig Hayes.
4 Joanna, md. Job Hayes, Jr.
5 Ruth, md. 1st, Kittle; 2nd, Bosaw.
8 Eliza Jane.
9 Amy, md. Clivinger.
10 Maria Louise, md. Mosby Smith.
11 Jesse, md. Abigail Bosaw.
12 Asahel, md. Angeline Wilson. Had two children:
Angeline, md. Peacock.
Rhoda, md. Marsh.
JOSEPH HAYES HI, 5th son of SOLOMON and Mary Craig
Haves, and grandson of CAPT. JOSEPH HAYES, was born
in Chester county, Penn., July 31st, 1786; died in Dearborn
county, Ind., Feb. 3rd, 1875; md., March, 1809, Nancy Bilhngs-
ley, dau. of Thomas and Nancy (Thurston) Bilhngsley. They
had twelve children:
1 Otho, md. Eliza Miller. Had eighteen children; among them:
Solomon, md. three times.
Job, md. Sarah Tebow.
Calvin, md.. ist, Martha Sheldon; 2nd, Mary Christy.
Ezra, md. Jolly.
2 Rachel, b. ; d. 1834; md. Silas Hayes.
3 Eliza, md. Mahlon Miller. Had seven children.
4 MARY, md. Elzey G. Burkham. Had nine children.
5 Solomon, md. Amanda Johnson; died in New Orleans of yel-
low fever in 1845.
6 Nancy, md. twice: ist, Charles Jackson; 2nd, Warren West.
Had four children.
Children by ist husband:
Children by 2nd husband:
Belle, md. Ezra Hayes.
7 Sarah, md. Azall Hayes. No issue.
8 Hannah, md. Anthony Hulberstadt. Had one child:
9 Pricilla, md. Hazel Suit. Had seven children. _
10 Ezra, md. twice: ist. Laura Morgan; 2nd, Caroline Major.
Had nine children, all ty first wife:
1 Laura, md. Omer Ludlow. Had two children: Laura,
2 Martha, md. Jasper Garst. Had one child: Inez.
4 Nancy Hortense, md. Reed Duval. Had two children:
5 Andrew Scott.-'
6 Evangeline, md. Jacob Bauer. Had three children: Ezra,
7 Arthur, md. Laura Reif."
8 Theresa, died in infancy.
9 Ezra, md. Mabel Fagaty. Had two children: Ezra,
12 Buel, twins, died in infancy.
MARY HAYES, 4th daughter of JOSEPH HAYES HI, and grand-
daughter of SOLOMON HAYES, and gt. granddaughter of
CAPT. JOSEPH HAYES, was born in Dearborn county, In.L.
June 1st, 1815; died April sth, 1856; married March 24th, 1836,
Elzey G. Burkham (son of Absalom and Mary St. Clair Burk-
ham), born March ist, 1815; died Feb. 13th, 1888. They had
1 Annie, md. George Bueli Fitch. Had three children:
1 Mary Burkham, md. William Davison. Had two chil-
dren. Annie Laura, md. Dr. Burton Newell of Grand
2 Jeanette, md. Andrew Allen Bonner, of New York. Had
3 Laura, md. Frank Williams, of New York.
2 Joseph Hayes married twice: ist, Katherine Collins; 2nd, Caro-
line Collins. Had five children, all by first wife:
1 Kathleen, md. Septimus George Sullivan.
2 William Theodore, md. Louise Rammelsburg. Had one
3 Frank, md. Minnie Hayes. Had three children:
4 Joseph Kendall, md. Nora Sharon.
5 Elzey G., md. Blanche Wood Thompson. Had three chil-
3 Charles Bonner, md. Laura Lewis (dau. of Levm Bestbridge
and Prudence Hobbs Lewis). Had five children:
1 Emma Mary.
2 Anne Prudence.
3 Laura, md. Louis Charlton Fritch. No issue.
4 Lucie Tousey.
5 Elsie Grace, md. George Lathrop Williams.
4 William Dixon, md. Mary Radcliffe. Had children; among
Carrie, twice married. One child.
5 Elzey G., md. Harriet Smith. Had four children:
1 Charles Elzey, died in infancy.
3 Mary Hayes.
4 Elzey G. tt j j t7«:
6. Cassius Clay, md. twice; ist, Adnenne Hodges; 2nd, t-ttic
Prouty. Had two children, both by first wife:
7 Mary Sinclair.
9 Frank. Died in infancy.
MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE OF WILLIAM.
OLDEST SON OF HENRY HAYES.
Whereas William Hayes of the Township of Marlbqrow in the
County of Chester and Province of Pensilvania and Jane James of
the same township and County having declared their intentions of
marriage with each other before several monthly meetings of the
people of God called Quakers at New Carding in the County afore-
said according to the good order used amongst them and having
consent of parents concerned their said proposall of marriage was
allowed of by the said meetings.
Now these are to certifie whom it may concern that for the full
accomplishing of their said intentions this Nineteenth Day of the
Eleaventh Month in the year of our Lord one thousand seaven hun-
dred and twenty five six they the said William Hayes and Jane
James appeared in a Publick Meeting of the said people at London-
grove in the County aforesaid and the said William Hayes taking the
said Jane James hy the hand did in solemn manner openly declare
that he took her the said Jane James to be his wife promising by the
Lord's assistance to be unto her a loving and faithfull husband until
death should separate them and then and there in the said assembly
the said Jane James did in like manner declare that she took the
said William Hayes to be her husband promising by the Lord's as-
sistance to be unto him a faithfull and loving wife untill death should
separate them, and moreover they the said William Hayes & Jane
James, she according to the custom of marriage assuming the name
of her husband as a further confarmation thereof did then and there
to these presents set their hands
And we whose names are hereunder subscribed being present at
the solomnization of the said marriage and subscription have as wit-
nesses thereunto sett our hands the day and year above written.
Caleb Pusey Junr
LIST OF PERSONS AT THE REUNION WHO
Eliza Jane (Wood) Armitage, Mendenhall; Charles H. Ash, Coates-
ville; Mrs. Charles H. Ash, Coatesville; Elva Lulu Ash, Coatesville;
Marianna Ash, 1225 South 46th St., Philadelphia; George Bailey, Jr.,
Jefferson Hospital, Philadelphia; Mary Borton Bailey, West Chester;
Mary H. Bailey, West Chester; Sarah H. Bailey, West Chester; Wil-
liam L. Bailey, West Chester; Jane R. Baker, M. D., Embreeville;
Caroline T. Burkham, 2,7 West 49th St., New York; Mary Sinclair
Burkham, sy West 49th St., New York; Louisa E. Harry Caldwell,
West Chester; Margaret Ann Hayes Carney, Coatesville; Albina
Hayes Chambers, Unionville; Alfred Hayes Chambers, Unionville;
Jane Hayes Chrisman, Allentown; Abbie K. Cloud, Kennett Square,
R. F. D. 3; David E. Cloud, Unionville; William B. Cloud, Union-
ville; Albert Commons, 1019 West 4th St., Wilmington, Del.; Norris
Hayes Conner, East Downingtown; Mrs. Solomon Conner, East
Downingtown; Isabel and Mary Baker Darlington, West Chester;
Charles F. Doane, Coatesville P. O.; Ellis H. Doan, Coatesville;
Joseph Ellsworth Doan, Coatesville; Mrs. Joseph Ellsworth Doan,
Coatesville; Emma Doane Embree, West Chester; Hannah Conner
Harper, Marshallton; Ada Virginia Harry, 58th and Greenway Ave.,
Philadelphia; Florence Emma Harry, Corinne; Martha Emma Harry,
Corinne; Maude Ethel Harry, Corinne; Stephen Cloud Harry, 1721
McCulloh Street, Baltimore, Md.; Thaddeus Worth Harry, Tough-
kenamon; William Baker Harry, Corinne; Walter Harry, Coates-
ville; Jacob W. Harvey, Unionville; Jesse B. Harvey, Kennett
Square, Route 3; Annie J. Hayes, West Chester; Carolien P. Hayes,
Unionville; Charles A. Hayes, Unionville; Ellen Russell Hayes, West
Chester; Emma Gawthrop Hayes, Swarthmore; Esther Rachel
Hayes, Swarthmore; George C. Hayes, Embreeville; George Pass-
more Hayes, Embreeville; Henry T. Hayes, Chatham P. O.; J. Bor-
ton Hayes, Moorestown, N. J.; Jacob Carroll Hayes, West Chester;
James A. Hayes, 608 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia; Jeanett Wnghl
Hayes, West Chester; John Russell Hayes, Swarthmore; Joseph
Hayes, 503 West 9th St., Wilmington, Del.; Louella Passmore
Hayes, West Chester; Maggie J. Hayes, West Chester; Mary Emma
Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; Mary House Hayes, Unionville; Maymc
A. Hayes, Embreeville; Rachel H. Hayes, West Chester; S. Lizzie
Hayes, Embreeville; Susan Hayes, Brandamore; Townsend Seth
Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; Viola E. Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; W
J. Hayes, Harrisburg; Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester; Wm. Waldo
Hayes, Embreeville; Blanch E. Hope, Coatesville; Elma E. Hope,
Coatesville P. O.; Elma V. S. Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Florence E.
Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Ralph W, Hope, Coatesville P. O.; William
T. Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Walter W. Hope, Coatesville P. O.;
Elizabeth A. Hutton, West Chester, Route 3; Richard W. Hutton,
West Chester, Route 3; Anna M. Jackson, Unionviile; Annie M.
Jackson, Unionviile; Arthur C. Jackson, Oak Lane, Philadelphia;
Edith M. Jackson, West Chester; Edward Schuyler Jackson, Ger-
mantown, Philadelphia; Florence Lydia Jackson, Unionviile; George
C. Jackson, West Chester; Henry lluycs Jackson, Unionviile; Mary
Swayne Jackson Shoemaker, Plainfield, N. J.; Milton Jackson, Oak
Lane, Philadelphia; Carey Lee Lamborn, 331 North 40th St., Phila-
delphia; Cecil Berridge Lamborn, Lansdale, Pa.; Katherine Carney
Lowry, Coatesville; Margaret L. Lowry, Coatesville; Olive H.
Lowry, Coatesville; Albert Cook Myers, Kennett Square; C. Adrian
Pennock, Coatesville; Genevieve Louise Pennnck, Coatesville; Sarah
Louisa Windle Pennock, Coatesville; Lydia H. Perdue, West Ciicster,
Route 11; Sanmel Harry Perdue, West Chester, Route 11; Charles S.
Philips, 803 Franklin St.. Wilmington, Del.; William T. Seal, 405
Wester St., Philadelphia; Louisa P. Spaulding, Kennett Square
P. O.; Anna Belle Swayne, Kennett Square; W. Marshall Swayne,
Kennett Square; Hayes Clark Taylor, Doe Run; Albert L. Thomp-
son, Leonard; Annie Baker Harry Thomson, 528 East 14th St., Ches-
ter, Pa.; Annie W. Thompson, Darlington, Md. ; Carrie M. Thom-
son, 528 East 14th St., Chester; Emma L. Thompson, 2029 Spruce
St., Philadelphia; L Walter Thompson, 4507 Regent St., Pliiladel-
phia; Martha Brinton Thompson, West Chester; Nellie A. Thomp-
son, 4507 Regent St., Philadelphia; Samuel S. Thompson, 2029 Spruce
St., Philadelphia; Stanley C. Thompson, 4507 Regent St., Philadel-
phia; Otley Vernon, Marshallton, Del.; Mary Pusey Warner, 514
East Broad St., Chester; Sidney Ellen Warner, 1316 Spruce St.,
Philadelphia; Berenice Wickersham, Kennett Square P. O.; C. Fre-
mont Wickersham, Embreeville P. O.; Ella P. Wickersham, Union-
viile; Emma J. Wickersham, Unionviile; Milton J. Wickersham,
Unionviile; Milton J. Wickersham, Kennett Square P. O.; Laura J.
Williamson, 1907 Market St., Wilmington, Del.; Marian P. Windle,
Coatesville; Laura E. Woodward, West Chester; Annie R. W. Yoder,
325 Felton St., Philadelphia; Anna Estella Windle Young, Coates-
ville; E. Maude Windle Young, Coatesville; Schwa Doan Young,
Chas, H, 5.
George W., 75-
Andrew Allen, 79.
George, Jr., 6, 35.
Lawrence Kipp, 79.
Sara H., 5.
Aaron, 14, 24.
Elisha, 23, 24.
H. Preston, 8.
Annie, 79, 80.
Jane R.rDr., 5.
Anne, 6. 62, 79.
Caroline Colhns, 79.
Caroline T., 6.
Cassius C., 80.
Mary. 21, 24,
Cassius, Jr., 80.
Charles Bonner, 79.
Charles Elzey, 80.
Elsie Grace, 79.
Elzey G., 78, 79-
Elzey G., Jr., 79.
Elzey G. HI, 80.
Elzey G. IV, 80.
Emma Mary, 79.
Frank. 76, 79. 80.
James, 64, 72, 74, 76.
Johanna, 64, 74, 76.
Joseph Hayes. 79.
Joseph Kendall. 79.
Sally, 69, 75.
Katherine Collins, 79,
Nancy, 70, 74. 75, 78.
Laura, 79, 80.
Thomas, 74, 78.
Laura Lewis, 79.
Burkham (Con) Louise Rammelsbeng,
Lucie Lloyd, 79.
Lucie Tousey, 79.
Mary Hayes, 78, 79, 80.
Mary Radclifife. 79.
Mary Sinclair, 79, 80.
Robert, 79, 80.
Scott, Jr., 80.
William Dixon, 79.
William. Jr, 80.
William Theodore, 79.
Eli H.. s.
Elizabeth. 17, 19.
James, 74, 76.
Thomas, 74, 76.
John G., 5.
Mary, 67, 74, 75.
Walter, 67, 74.
Annie Laura, 79.
Emma D., 5.
Ada F., 75.
Annie B., 79.
Dewitt C, 75.
George Buell, 79.
George William, 75.
Hannah Virginia, 75.
Harris B„ 75.
James Collins, 75.
Joseph Theodore, 75.
Mary B., 79.
Thomas Allen, 75.
Walter Hayes, 75.
Fritch, Louis Charlton, 79.
Garst, Jasper, 78.
Greave, Ann, 20.
Gregp. Eliza, 75.
Guard, Bailey, yT.
Timothy, 75, 76.
Halberstadt, Antony, 78.
Hallowell, Clara. "JT.
Hall, Rachel, 23, 55.
Hannum, Mary. 18.
Harlan, Hannah, 21.
Harry, Stephen C, 6, 47.
Dr. Samuel, 38.
Hayes, Abiah, 68, 69, 12, 76.
Abraham, 20, 21.
Alice, 77. »
Ann, 18. 19, 20, 22, 23,
69. 75. 77-
Bailey, 76, 78.
Benjamin, 22, 36.
Beulah, 64, 74, 77-
Caleb, 22. 69.
Charles, 76, 77.
David, 18, 20, 58.
Elizabeth, 13, 15, 18, 19,
21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 77, 78.
Enoch, 68, 69^ 74, 76.
Ezra. 78, 79.
Ezra Guard, 6. 70, 76.
George, 21, 55, 75. '
Hannah, 18, 20, 21, 22
24, 74. 78.
Harry, 7=;, IT.
Henry, 3, 7, 17, 21, 22;
24, 67, 75-
Henry H., 60.
Henry, Sr., 15, 26, 27.
Iva B.. 75.
Isaac L, 6, 22, 35. 44.
Isaac. 21, 22, 75, 76, TJ.
Isabel, 15, 27, 76.
Isabella, 13, 14.
J. Borton, 5.
Jacob, 4. 20, 21. 60. 67.
68, 69. 75, 76. IT.
Jacob Carroll, 6, 25, 57.
James. 13, 18, 64, "jy.
James A., 5, 6, 55.
James C, 75.
Jane, 20, 21, 23, 67, 1Z
74, 75, 76, 81.
Jesse, 20, 21, 77. .
Joanna, 13. 19, 22, 62, 64
66, 67, 74. 76, 77-
Job, 5, 21, 23, 59, 64, 73
74, T" 78.
Job, Tr., 64, 77-
Job W., IT.
(Con.) John, 13, 18, 20, 21,
26. 55. 67, 70, •'5,
Samuel, 23, 59. 75, 77
John Russell, 6. 45, 58.
Sarah, 20. 21, 22, 23,
Jonathan, 21, 23.
76. 77, 78.
Toseph I., 13, 17, 21,
Silas, 76, 78.
Joseph II (Captain),
Solomon, 22, 62, 67,
69, 70, 74, 77, 78
Joseph, Jr., 64, 65,
Stephen, 13, 18, 23,
58, 60, 77.
Joseph III, 67, 68, 70-74.
75. 78, 79-
Thomas, 4, 13, 18, 21,
Joseph, 77, 78, 79.
52. S8, 75, 76, 78.
Walter, 67. 68, 74.
Walter Craig, 67, 69,
Leah, 69, 75. 77-
William, 4, 12, 13, 17,
26, 58, 77, 81.
Levi, 23, 77.
William M., 4, 5, 20,
Lydia, 13. 20, 22, 23,
Mahlon, 73, 77.
Margaret, 13, 17, 18,
Martha, 77. 78.
Mary Craig, 22, 62,
68, 69, 74, 75-
Mary, 13, 18, 21, 22,
79. 26, 27, 75, 76, 77,
Minnie, 76, 79.
Mordecai, 4, 5, 20, 21.
Nancy, 69, 75, 76, 77,
Nancy Billingsley, 70.
Nathan, 20, 23, 24.
Jonathan, 14, 18, 50,
Omer, 75, 77.
Milton, 5, 6, 50.
Phoebe, 20, 67, 74. 75,
Pricilla, 64, 74, 76, 78
Thomas, 18, 50, 60.
Rachel, 12. 13, 19, 21,
Jane. 17, 81.
23, 24, 76, 77, 78.
Elizabeth, 23, 54.
Rebeca. 22. 67. 75, 76
Rhoda. 75, 77-
Richard, 12, 15, 16,
21, 26, 27, 58.
Ruth, 13, 22, 23, 77.
Levin Bestbridge, 79.
Prudence Hobbs, 79.
Caroline Olivia, 76.
Donald Macy, 76.
Caroline, 76, 78.
Eliza. 76, 78.
Job, 68. 76.
Levi, 68, 76, "JT.
Mahlon, -]z, 76, 78.
Pricilla, 64, 65. IZ. 74,
Thomas, 64, 65, 68,
Morgan (Con )
Samuel, 66, 70.
Mary Anne, 76,
Amor, 20. "^
Hannah, 22, 63.
Joanna, 22, 63.
Isaac, 66, 72.
Joseph, 22, 23.
, Louise, 79.
Cora Leah, 76.
Dewitt Clinton, 76.
Edward R., 76.
Ella Margaret, 76.
Hannah V., 75, 76.
Harris F., 76.
John Archibald, 76.
William Dewitt, 76.
- Isaac, 19.
George, Septimus, 79.
) Stephen, 20.
Blanciie W., 79.
Martha B., 6, 7.
Saimuel S., 5.
Nancy. 74, 78.
Beulah, 64, 74, 79.
Roxana. 75, 77-
Warren, 75. 78.
William. 17. IQ-
George Lathrop, 79.
Maria Butler. 77.
Thomas H., 5. 6, 52.
lean. 17, 62. 63.
Richard, 17, 22, 62, 63.
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ST. AUGUSTINE .V ,, ■ <>^ n"^ - O \'^
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