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Full text of "Proceedings of the Bi-centennial gathering of the descendants of Henry Hayes at Unionville, Chester County, Pa., September 2nd, 1905, together with a partial genealogy and other material relating to the family .."

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PROCEEDINGS 



of the 



BICENTENNIAL GATHERING 

of the Descendants of 

HENRY HAYES 

AT UMIONVILLE, CHESTEP COUNTY, PA. 

September 2ncl, 1905 

Together With a Partial Genealogy ahd Other Material 
Relating to the ^inAlly 

"Those who do not treasure up the memory of 
their ancestors, do not deserve to be remembered by 
posterity." — Edmund Burke. 



West Chester, Pa. 
PuDiished bg tt\e Committee for the rairlly 

1906 









^^^^ 






PREFACE 



HIS little volume is a sequel to the Bi-centennial 
meeting of the descendants of Henry Hayes, who 
met at Unionville, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
on September 2nd, 1905, to celebrate the arrival in this 
country from England of their common ancestor in 1705. 

At this meeting the undersigned were appointed a com- 
mittee to publish the papers and other features of the 
occasion, and to collect and publish such further material 
relating to the family as could be obtained. The results of 
these labors are now submitted in this book. Its comple- 
tion has been delayed in order to embody the results of a 
trip which one of the committee took to the English 
homes of our ancestors during the past summer, in search 
of further information. 

The committee did not undertake to collect material for 
a complete genealogical table of the family. That would 
be the work of an expert, and would involve a vast 
amount of labor, for, according to the estimate of a con- 
servative genealogist, the descendants of Henry Hayes 
to-day probably number not less than twenty thousand. 
In the Historical Sketch, however, (page 17) are given 
the beginnings of such a table, bringing down the line of 
descent several generations from Henry Hayes. This 
should furnish a goodly nucleus for a complete genealogy 
of the family, which, it is to be hoped, may be undertaken 
in the not distant future by some one of our kinsmen. 

In the meantime, each of the members of the family 
may, if he feels sufBcient interest, work up his own line of 
ancestry back to our common sire, and write the results 
in the blank pages which are added to the end of this 



volume for that purpose. Such individual records will 
become valuable to our descendants in the course of time, 
just as the old family entries in our Bibles relating to our 
ancestors are valuable to us and prized as such. 

A large branch of our family exists to-day in Ohio and 
Indiana. The interesting paper by Miss Anne P. Burk- 
ham upon that branch of the family, which was read at 
the Bi-centennial meeting, has been since revised and en- 
larged by her for this volume. These western cousins 
have been holding a reunion each year, recently, at Mt. 
Nebo, near Lawrenceburg, Indiana. The next one is an- 
nounced to be held at that place, October 7th, 1907. 

We hope that this book may be the means of bringing 
these western cousins, as well as those elsewhere, in 
closer touch with their kinsmen, who have remained in 
the old home region of Henry Hayes in Pennsylvania. 

To all these far-spread cousins, however distant, we 
send the hearty greeting of old Rip Van Winkle: — "May 
you all live long and prosper!" 

Stephen C. Harry, 
Baltimore, Md., 

Thomas H. Windle, 
Coatesville, Pa., 

J. Carroll Hayes, 

West Chester, Pa., 

Co7nmittec. 
West Chester, Pa., November, 1906. - 



n 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Preface i 

The Bicentennial Gathering 3 

Historical Sketch 7 

Descendants of Henry Hayes 17 

Our English Ancestors and a Visit to their Homes 25 

Dr. Isaac I. Hayes 35 

Poem — "Henry Hayes, our English Sire" 45 

Address by Stephen C. Harry 47 

Address by Milton Jackson 50 

Address by Thomas Hayes Windle 5~ 

Address by James A. Hayes 55 

Address by J. Carroll Hayes — The Old Hayes Tract 57 

Capt. Joseph Hayes 62 

Descendants of Capt. Joseph Hayes 74 

Marriage Certificate of William, Oldest Son of Henry Hayes 81 

List of Persons Registered at Reunion 82 

Index 84 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Frontispiece Deceudants of Heury Hayes at the bi-centeunial 

gathering Face page i 

View across old Heury Hayes homestead tract looking toward 

Unionville Face page 6 

J.\cOB Hayes, of Newlin Twp., Chester Co., son of Mordecai, 

son of Mordecai, son of William, son of Henry . . Face page 20 
FuLWELL, Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes . . . Face page 25 
Ep^vei.!., Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes, Sr. . Face page 28 
EpweIvL Church, of which Henry Hayes, Sr., was a Church 

Warden Face page 32 

Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the Arctic Explorer Face page 35 

Benjamin Hayes, of West Chester, Pa., father of Dr. Isaac I. 

Hayes Face page 36 

Approach to Fui.well, Oxfordshire. Home of Henry 

Hayes Face page 45 

Kitcheu of old Thomas Hayes house, near Unionville. Face page 52 

Map of Old Henry Hayes tract Face page 57 

Probable site of old Henry Hayes log house, near Unionville, 

(with present owner, Henry Jackson.) . Face page 58 

Garret of old Thomas Hayes house near Unionville. . Face page 60 
Jacob Hayes, of Lawrenceburg, Ind., son of Solomon, son of Cap- 
tain Joseph, son of Joseph, son of Henry Face page 66 

Wai^ter Craig Hayes Face page 63 

Joseph Hayes, III. (Portrait in possession of Mr. C. B. Burkham, 

Cincinnati, Ohio.) Face page 70 



THE BI-CENTENNIAL GATHERING. 



nN 1705 Henry Hayes, of the village of Fulwell, Ox- 
fordshire, England, came with his family to Penn- 
sylvania, and on September 3rd of that year made 
application to Penn's Commissioners of Property to take 
up land in the new province, a grant of which he had al- 
ready received in England. To commemorate the two 
hundredth anniversary of this event, a meeting of his de- 
scendants was called for Saturday, September 2nd, 1905, 
to gather at the village of Unionville, Chester County, 
upon a portion of the tract which he took up and made 
his home. This tract lies in the midst of a beautiful, 
gently rolling country, rich in agricultural resources. 

The place of the meeting was the Unionville High 
School building, secured through the courtesy of the 
School Board of East Marlborough township. It is lo- 
cated on a shaded knoll at the western end of the village, 
and was for many years known as the Unionville Acad- 
emy, which many of the older persons present once at- 
tended. Here Bayard Taylor, the Chester County poet 
and traveler, received part of his education. 

Preparations for an out-door meeting had been made, 
on the sloping lawn beneath the maples, in front of the 
building. Owing, however, to the rain which unfortun- 
ately soon commenced falling, the assemblage gathered 
into the capacious rooms of the school building, to which 
they were welcomed by a large fern-trimmed placard on 
the porch front bearing the device, 

WELCOME 
1705 HENRY HAYES 1905 

Over two hundred descendants of Henry Hayes and 
those allied to the family by marriage gathered to com- 



memorate the occasion. The attendance would have 
been much larger but for the threatening weather, as 
most of the old families of this part of the county are con- 
nected with the Hayeses. 

The meeting was called for ii A. M., and from that 
hour till about i P. M. a most enjoyable reunion of kins- 
folk and friends took place ; concluding with the forming 
of congenial groups about the capacious lunch baskets. 

The inclement weather did not in the slightest degree 
dampen the enthusiasm and spirits of the newly acquain- 
ted kinsmen, who amply vindicated the old couplet, — 

"It's sunshiny weather 
When we are together." 

Part of the time was spent in examining the various old 
deeds, marriage certificates, &c., and photographs of old 
places, which had been brought to the reunion and were 
displayed upon the walls at either side of the entrance 
hall. A list of these articles is as follows : — 

(i) Large copy of Patent from William Penn to Henry 
Hayes, dated September 17th, 1718, for 1484 acres of 
land in Cain and Marlborough townships, Chester County. 

(2) The original marriage certificates of William 
Hayes, oldest son of Henry, and those of his son Mor- 
decai, the latter's son Mordecai, and the latter's son 
Jacob, — four generations in direct line. That of William 
Hayes is dated nth month 19th, 1725-6, and bears the 
signature of Henry Hayes as one of the witnesses. (In 
possession of Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester. Pa.)* 

(3) Several old deeds bearing acknowledgments taken 
before Henry Hayes as Justice of the Peace. 

(4) Photographs of the site of the original Henry 
Hayes log house, in the northeast portion of the tract; of 
the old Thomas Hayes house and interior (still standing) ; 
of the old Drovers' Tavern on the original William Hayes 



* See copy of this marriage certificate, page 81. 

4 



Tract ; and of the old Mordecai Hayes house and interior 
in Newlin Township. 

(5) Photograph of Henry Hayes's Wi\\, also of the In- 
ventory of his estate, and of the Executors' Account of its 
administration. 

(6) Several early drafts of Marlborough Township and 
vicinity, showing original property lines. (Belonging to 
W. Marshall Swayne, Kennett Square, Pa.) 

All present were requested to register upon prepared 
blanks their names, those of their parents, and other de- 
tails. A list of these names is printed on page 82. 

Shortly after i o'clock the clans were called to assemble 
in the wide second floor hall and the rooms opening from 
it, and the meeting was there called to order by William 
M. Hayes, Esq., with whom originated the idea of a Bi- 
centennial reunion and who issued the preliminary call. 

The meeting was organized by the election of the fol- 
lowing officers : — 

President — William M. Hayes, Esq., of West Chester. 

Vice-Presidents — Job Hayes, Unionville ; Thomas, 
Hayes Windle, Coatesville; James A. Hayes, Philadel-' 
phia ; J. Borton Hayes, Moorestown, N. J.. ; Milton Jack- 
son, Philadelphia, and Charles H. Ash, Coatesville. 

Secretaries — Dr. Jane R. Baker, Embreeville ; Mrs. 
Emma D. Embree, West Chester; Miss Sara H. Bailey, 
West Chester. 

Treasurer — Samuel S. Thompson, West Marlborough. 

President Hayes, on assuming the chair, cordially wel- 
comed all present and thanked them for the honor of be- 
ing called on to preside on so important an occasion. 

Letters of regret were read from President Roosevelt; 
Governor Pennypacker; Charles E. Pugh, Vice-President 
of the Penna. R. R. ; Eli Hayes Chandler, Esq., of Atlantic 
City, and Prof. John G. Cope. 

The following telegram was received bearing the greet- 
ings of the western cousins : — 



"Lawrenceburg, Indiana, Sept. 2, 1905. 
"Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester, Pa. 

"We send greetings to our eastern cousins frotm the banks of the 
Ohio to the banks of the Brandywine. "Ezra G. Hayes." 

An historical sketch and partial genealogy of the family 
was read by a descendant, Miss Martha Brinton Thomp- 
son, of West Chester, followed by a tribute to Dr. Isaac 
I. Hayes, the famous Arctic explorer, by his nephew, 
George Bailey, Jr., of Philadelphia; a poem, "Henry 
Hayes. Our English Sire," by Prof. John Russell Hayes, 
of Swarthmore College, and a paper on Captain Joseph 
Hayes and his descendants in Ohio and Indiana, written 
by Miss Anne P. Burkham, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and read 
by Miss Caroline T. Burkham, of New York. All of these 
productions will be found printed in full in the succeeding 
pages. 

This was followed by addresses by Prof. Stephen C. 
Harry, of Baltimore, Md. ; Milton Jackson, of Philadel- 
phia ; Thomas H. Windle, of Coatesville ; James A. Hayes, 
of Philadelphia, and J. Carroll Hayes, Esq., of West Ches- 
ter. These also will be found printed in the following pages. 

On motion a committee was then appointed, consisting 
of Stephen C. Harry, Thomas H. Windle and J. Car- 
roll Hayes, to print the proceedings of the day, the family 
data that had been collected, and such other matter re- 
lating to the family as could be obtained. 

The meeting then, upon motion, adjourned to meet a 
century hence. 

At the conclusion of the exercises most of the kinsmen 
present assembled in front of the school building, and a 
photograph was taken of the group, which is reproduced 
as the frontispiece of this book. 

All returned to their homes with a greatly increased 
interest in their common ancestor, in whom they had 
come to feel a just pride, and with the pleasurable feeling 
of having created many new ties of kindred and friend- 
ship, as well as having renewed many old ones. 




View across old Henry Hayes Homestead Tract, looking towards Unionvllle. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

By Miss Martha Brinton Thompson. 



BT an early period in the history of Pennsylvania, 
while William Penn was Proprietor in Chief of the 
Province, and Queen Ann ruled in the British Em- 
pire, our ancestor, Henry Hayes, then of Fulwell, in the 
County of Oxon (Oxfordshire), England, arrived in 
America, and received in September of the same year, 
1705, the first warrant for his large estate. 

As we look back over the years and picture him as one 
prominent both in county and province, holding high offi- 
ces of responsibility, we may well feel proud to be the 
descendants of such a man. 

In the minutes of William Penn's Commissioners of 
Property, under date of 7 mo. 3d, 1705, we read as fol- 
lows: 

"The Proprietary, by Lease and Release, dated nth and 12th 8ber 
(October) i68i, Granted To Richard Haunds, of Swanford, in the 
County of Oxon. husbandman, 1,000 acres of Land in this Province, 
to Hold, &c. The said Richard Haunds. by Indenture of Lease and 
Release, bearing date the 13 and 14 days of lober (December) 1700, 
Granted the said 1,000 acres of Land to Henry Hays, of Fullvell, in 
said County. Carpenter, to Hold, &c., (who) requests Warrant to 
Take up 500 acres and a Lott and Liberty Land Appurtenant to the 
Purchase aforesaid. The Lotts Lye on Schuylkill Side." 

28th II mo. 1705: "Henry Hayes desiring a Convenient Lott to 
build On has Pitcht on a vacancy of 33 foot between 3d and 4th 
Streets on the South side, for which he resigns his 2 Lotts On 
Schuylkill side, belonging to Rich'd Hound's 1,000 acres, and pays £15 
to the Prop'ry with all Other Charges, let his Pat. be dispatched with- 
out delay, he's given full Security." (The minutes omit to state on 
this date Henry Hayes received a warrant for the remainder of his 
1000 acres.) 

loth of 4th mo. 17131 "Henry Hayes of Chester County, desiring 
to purchase a Vacant Tract of Land lieing between the Tract laid out 
to the old Society of Traders and Hilltown, on the North of Abiah 



Taylor's Land, of which Isaac Taylor, by his Letter gives but a mean 
acco't, as being barren, &c. He agrees with the Secretary to give 
Twelve Pounds Ten shillings pr. Hundred, to be paid in Three 
months, and a Warrant is signed, dated the 22d Instant." 

4 mo. 1718: "Signed a Patent to Henry Hayes, of the County of 
Chester, for 1,484 acres of Land in the Township of Cain and Marl- 
borough, in the said County, 1,000 acres whereof is Richard Hand's 
Original Purchase, the other 484 acres he now pays £66, 13s, 4d. dated 
the 5th gber 1717." (Should be the 25th.) 

The first warrant for survey of the land was as follows : 

Pennsylvania SS. 

By the Commissioners of Property. 
At the request of Henry Hayes lately arrived in this Province 
That we would grant him to take up five hundred acres of land being 
one moiety of a thousand acres Originally Purchased of the Proprie- 
tor by Richard Hanns These are to Authorize and Require thee to 
survey to the said Henry Hayes the said quantity of five hundred 
acres of Land in the County of Chester where not already surveyed 
nor take up nor conceled nor seated by the Indians, And make Re- 
turns into the General Surveyor's Office at Philadelphia where this 
Warr't is to Remain and a Copy thereof to be deliv'd to thee certified 
by the Secretary. Given under our hands and Seal of the Province at 
Philadelphia the 3d day of September 1705. 

To Isaac Taylor, Surveyor Edw'd Shippen 

of the County of Chester Griffith Owen 



A true Copy 

James Logan Secry." 



James Logan 



The second warrant was similar in form and bore date 
nth month 2Sth, 1705. 

Under the first warrant Henry Hayes obtained a sur- 
vey of 384 acres of land on the west branch of the Brandy- 
wine, just south of Coatesville, and described as being in 
Cain, but now in East Fallowfield Township. Part of 
this tract is still owned by one of Henry Hayes's descend- 
ants, H. Preston Baker. By the second w-arrant a tract 
of 600 acres was located in East Marlborough, including 
at its southeast corner the greater part of Unionville. 
Adjoining this to the northwest 500 acres were added by 
the last warrant, making iioo in Marlborough and 384 in 
East Fallowfield, or 1484 in all as mentioned in the patent. 



In right of the original purchase of Richard Hands he 
was entitled to a lot in the city of Philadelphia, but this 
being assigned to him near the Schuylkill he gave it up 
and purchased one of 33 feet front on the south side of 
Market Street, beginning at the distance of 184 feet from 
Third Street. He was also entitled to 20 acres, out of the 
1000, as a pasture lot in the so-called "Liberties" or out- 
skirts of the city. Under his first warrant a survey of 16 
acres was made in what is now West Philadelphia ; but this 
he conveyed, Dec. 3, 1708, to John Powell for £8. 

One of the first public services to which he was called 
was to lay out a road from John Renthrow's, in London- 
grove, probably near the present Chatham, by way of 
Avondale and Kennett Square to the Anvil Tavern. This 
was located on the 14th of February, 1707. On Nov. 28, 
1710, he was appointed supervisor of roads in Marlbor- 
ough, but at that time roads were very few. 

Henry Hayes was commissioned a justice of the Quar- 
ter Sessions, Common Pleas and Orphans' Court, August 
26, 1717, and continued by re-appointment at several 
times until his death. In that day there were about eigh- 
teen justices in commission at one time, and seldom more 
than half of them attended a particular session. In 1741 
Gov. George Thomas informed his Council of a report, 
by letter from John Penn, "that the Court at Chester had 
set aside a man from the Jury for declining to take the 
afifirmation, and insisting to be qualiefid as a Juror by 
Oath ; and in which Letter Mr. Penn had strongly recom- 
mended to the Governor to appoint a Majority of such 
Magistrates in every County as would not scruple to take 
or at least to Administer an Oath, that equal and impar- 
tial justice might be done to all men." No evidence has 
been discovered to show that Henry Hayes was in mem- 
bership with the religious Society of Friends, and it is 
not probable that he was opposed to administering oaths. 
Some of his children joined with Friends, being doubtless 



enticed within the fold by persons of the opposite sex. 
He was elected a member of Assembly in the years 171 5 
and 1 7 16, and again in 1728 and 1730, but of the political 
questions of that day or his attitude towards them, we are 
not informed. 

Prior to the year 1729 Chester County occupied the 
southeastern part of the province of Pennsylvania, and 
was limited to the westward only by the extent of the set- 
tlements. The county seat was at Chester, on the Dela- 
ware, quite distant from many of the citizens. At a meet- 
ing of the Provincial Council, Feb. 6th, 1728-9: 

"A Petition of the Inhabitants of the upper parts of Chester 
County was laid before the Board and read, setting forth, that by 
reason of their Great Distance from the County Town, where Courts 
are held. Offices are Kept, & Annual Elections made, they ly under 
very great Inconveniences, being Obliged in the Recovery of their 
just Debts, to travel near one hundred miles to obtain a Writ; that 
for Want of a Sufficient Number of Justices, Constables & other Of- 
ficers, in those parts, no Care is taken of the high ways; Townships 
are not laid out, nor Bridges built where there is an apparent Neces- 
sity for them; & further that for Want of a Goal there several Vaga- 
bonds & other dissolute People harbour among them thinking them- 
selves safe from Justice in so remote a Place; And therefore praying 
that a Division Line be made between the upper and lower part of the 
said County. & the upper part thereof Erected into a County, with all 
the immunities, Rights & Privileges which any other County of this 
Province does now Enjoy." 

It was now fifty years since the arrival of William Penn 
and his division of the province into the three counties 
of Chester, Philadelphia and Bucks; the matter was of 
great importance and after some discussion it was re- 
ferred to the following day for further consideration, at 
which time it was resolved : 

"That, as well for the Reasons set forth in the said Petition, as the 
Security, Peace & good Order of the whole Government, there doth 
appear a real Necessity that a new County should be Erected, ac- 
cording to the Prayer of the said Petition; And Altho' the Power of 
Erecting Counties is wholly vested in the Proprietary, & therefore in 
the Governour, as his Lieutenant, yet, inasmuch, as this will require 
the Establishment of Courts of Judicature, with other Alterations, for 
v.hich a due Provision will best be made by a Law, It may be con- 
ic 



venient that the Governour should acquaint the House of Represen- 
tatives now sitting, with the Application made to him, that the same 
may be carried on with & strengthened by the joint & unanimous 
Concurrence of the whole Legislature." 

Feb. 20th: "The Governour informed the Board that pursuant to 
the Resolve of last Council he had acquainted the House of Repre- 
sentatives with his Intention to Erect the upper part of the County of 
Chester into a separate County, in which they had concurred, & de- 
sired that an equal Number of the Inhabitants of the Lower & Upper 
Part might run the Division Line: And therefore he was now to 
recommend to the Board to chuse fitt & well qualified Persons for 
that Service, & to consider of proper Directions for their Guidance 
therein; And after due Consideration thereof 

"Tis ordered that Henry Hayes, Samuel Nutt, Samuel Hollings- 
worth, Philip Taylor, Elisha Gatchel, James James, John Wright, 
Tobias Hendricks, Samuel Blunston, Andrew Cornish, Thomas Ed- 
wards & John Musgrave, or the Major Part of them, calling to their 
Assistance John Taylor, the Surveyor of Chester County, meet at 
some convenient place near Octeraroe Creek or River, & cause a 
mark'd Line to be run from the imost northerly or main Branch of the 
said Creek Northward, or to the East or West thereof, as it shall be 
found most convenient, to the next high Ridge of barren or unin- 
habited Hills that trend from thence to Schuylkill River, keeping as 
near as may be to the Ridge of the said Hills, and to proceed along 
the Ridge thereof, yet with as few Changes in the Course as their 
Situation will admitt. and fixing the same to the most conspicuous 
natural & durable Marks, that may be the least subject to Uncertainty 
or Variation: to be Bounded Southward by the Southern Bounds of 
the Province, & Eastwardly by the said Octeraroe Creek; and from 
thence the Northern Line to be by them run as aforesaid, to the said 
Hills, from thence the main northern or easterly Branch thereof 
above the Forks of the said River, to lie open to the Westward and 
Northward till further Order shall be given therein; And to make 
Report of their Proceedings to this Board." 

On May 2d, 1729, a return was made to the above or- 
der, signed by all the commissioners except Samuel Nutt. 
representing that on the 17th of March they had located 
such a division line by course and distance ; whereupon 
the report was confirmed and the name of Lancaster given 
to the new county. That Henry Hayes was the first 
named on this commission is evidence of his high stand- 
ing in the community. 

Pennsylvania was the most successful of the proprietary 
colonies, and rapidly became the richest and most thickly 
populated. The frame of government provided for a 

II 



Governor, a Deputy Governor to be appointed by the 
Proprietor, and a Council and Assembly to be elected by 
the freemen. The Council had the sole right of orig-inat- 
ing legislation. To it was given the execution of the 
laws, the establishment of courts of justice, the preserva- 
tion of the peace, and the duty of upholding the constitu- 
tion. The Assembly had the right to approve or reject 
bills, and to propose amendments to measures adopted by 
the Council. 

The first surveys of land in Marlborough were made 
about 1 701, along what is known as the "Street Road," 
and it is doubtful if any person had settled here prior to 
this date. The earliest tax list preserved is for the year 
1 71 5, at which time there were but twenty-six landowners 
assessed in the territory comprised in the two Townships 
of East and West jMadborough, and of these at least three 
were non-residents. Joseph Pennock v^^as the largest 
taxpayer, and Henry Hayes came next. It may be safely 
assumed that very few of the settlers preceded Henry 
Hayes. At his coming this region was comparatively a 
wilderness, and if not all covered with woods was at least 
destitute of roads and bridges. Wheeled vehicles were 
almost unknown, and while a horseman might find his 
way in almost any direction, yet as people began to fence 
their fields to protect their crops, it became necessary to 
have legally established highways. 

What is known as the "Street Road" was provided for 
by the original survey of the lands fronting thereon, it 
being William Penn's plan that each township should 
have a street running through the middle thereof, but in 
this case the road was not opened and clearly marked in 
all parts, and in later years this caused much dispute. On 
August 28, 1 716, Henry Hayes and others were appointed 
to view and definitely locate a part to the eastward and 
westward of Londongrove Meeting, but James Treviller 
entered a complaint against this report, and a new jury 

12 



was appointed, who disagreed and left the matter unset- 
tled for the time. 

Henry Hayes and Rachel his wife executed deeds to 
their sons as follows: "To Richard, Sept. 2, 1729, for 
177 acres: To William, Sept. 10, 1729, for 100 acres: To 
Joseph, same date, for 177 acres: To Thomas, May 15, 
1732, for 177 acres 125 perches: To Stephen, Oct. 25, 
1736, 177 acres: To James, September 3, 1735, the 384 
acres in Fallowfield." They may have conveyed another 
portion to their remaining son, John, but the deed has not 
been found. Some land was sold to William Harper, and 
177 acres remained in the homestead till the death of 
Henry Hayes. 

Will of Henry Hayes. 

The first day of Aprile in the Year of our Lord one Thousand 
seven hundred and fourty five I Henry Hayes of East Marlborough 
in the County of Chester and Province of Pensilvania Husbandman 
Do Make Constitute and ordain This my Last will and Testament 
that is to Say: I Give dispose and bequeath as in forme and Manner 
folloing. 

Imprimis. I give Vnto My son Joseph Hayes & my son James 
Hayes Wliome I Likewise Constitute Make and Ordain My only and 
Sole Excetors of this My Last Will and Testament of all and Sin- 
gular my Goods And Chattels Whatsoever that are or Shall bee 
found belonging or appertaining to Mee Except what Shall bee hear- 
after Excepted and Specefyed to bee Given. 

Item. I Give to my Wife Isabella Two hundred pounds, to bee 
paid by my Exetors one year after My Deceas iff Shee Delivers that 
Paper too my Exeters which I signed to her before marriage and Do 
not take nor Convey away Nor Conscent to bee taken and Conveyed 
away any of the Household Goods Nor any other thing whatsoever 
belonging to mee without the Consent of my Exeters. 

Item. I give to my son John Twenty pounds: I give to my son 
William one shilling. I give to my son Stephen ten pounds to be 
paid att any time when my Executors thinks proper. I give to My,.^ 
Daughter Mary one Shilling. I give to my Daughter Joanna one 
shilling and I also Give to my Executors five pounds apiece: And all 
the remaining part of my Rail and personal Estate after Just Debts 
and funerall Expences bee paid Except What is before Expresed too 
bee Given I Give to be Equally Divided between my Daughter Mar- 
garet & my Daughter Elizabeth: & my Daughter Anne & my 
Daughter Rachel and my Daughter Ruth and my Daughter Lydia and 

13 



I also Give to my Daughter Margaret Twenty Pounds More than 
Either of my Daughters above Mentioned and my Daughter Rachel 
have had Seventeen pounds Twelve shillings and six pence which I 
order to bee Deducted out of her share: &. my Daughter Lidia have 
had fifty pounds which I order to bee Deducted out of her share: 
and 1 also order my personal and Real Estate to bee Sold by my Ex- 
ecutors att any time after my Deceas: and the money of all my Per- 
sonal! and Real Estate to bee Immediately paid According to the 
Derection of this my Last Will and Testament. And I Do Impower 
my Executors to Defend my Estate by Law or otherways and the 
Cost to bee paid out of my Estate and further more I Do alow this 
and no other to 'bee my last Will and Testament in witness whereof I 
have hereunto set my hand and Seal the Day and Year above Writ- 

HENRY HAYES (Seal) 

Signed published Delivered and pronounced 
by the afForesaid Henery Hayes to bee his Last Will and 
'testament in the Presence of us the Subscribing 
Witnesses Viz 

Jonathan Jackson 
George Carson. 

The foregoing will, which was probably written by- 
Jonathan Jackson, was duly proved by the witnesses on 
the 30th of December, 1745. An inventory of the estate 
was taken on the 5th of nth Mo. (January), 1745-6, by 
Aaron Baker and William Harlan, and amounted to £726: 
7s, including the plantation of 177 acres, valued at £250. 

There is reason to believe that the last wife of Henry 
Hayes was comparatively a young woman. One Isabella 
Hayes, widow, purchased 208 acres of land in Salisbury 
Township, Lancaster County, March 8, 1746-7. She 
married Andrew Caldwell, of Leacock, and by him had 
sons Andrew, Robert, Charles and John Caldwell. An- 
drew, the father, was a widower in Londongrove Town- 
ship in 1760, married a second wife, Jane, and died in 
Lancaster County in 1768. 

Ancestry of Henry Hayes. 

Before taking up the subject of the posterity of Henry 
Hayes let us consider some evidence bearing on his an- 

14 



cestry. During his recent visit to England, some inves- 
tigations were made by Gilbert Cope to this end, and 
while the result was not positively conclusive, there is a 
strong probability that the father and grandfather have 
been discovered.* The name is not very frequent in 
Oxfordshire, and only about a dozen wills of members of 
the family are to be found in the century and a half pre- 
ceeding the emigration of our settler to Chester County. 
The substance of two of these is here given, with the re- 
mark that the search was by no means exhaustive : 

Abstract of the Will of Henry Hayes (written Heis by an aman- 
uensis), of Epwell, in Oxon, taylor, dated 22d of May 1633: 

To be buried in the church or churchyard of SvvackliefTe in the said 
county: To daughter Elizabeth Heis 40 shilHngs, to be paid on the 
3d of May next; also a bedstead, a wooU bed, three sheetes, a bed 
healing, a towell, a pillow beare, a great kettle, a brasse pot, a brasse 
fifrying pan, Two pewter platters, a pewter Sawcer, a brasse Candle 
sticke, Table board, a Cubbord, an old which & two Cofifers. 

"I give and bequeath my whole Tenement with the appurtenances 
in Swackliffe aforesaid to my son Richard Heis & to his heires for- 
ever uppon this Condition that he his heires executors and adminis- 
trators or some of them shall pay or cause to be payed to my 
aforesaide daughter ffive pounds of Current English money at my 
decease if my saide daughter be then lyving." Also to Richard my 
malt mill to remain in said Tenement. 

Wife Isabell to have a home, &c.; also to be the residuary legatee 
and executrix. 

God-daughter Margery Jefkins. 

Overseers, my hdnest neighbours John Aulcox and Simon Skilman 
of Epwell. Witnesses. Philip Welles, Simon Skilman. 

This will was proved at Chipping Norton, ist of April, 
1635. This inventory amounted to £31 : 10: 8. 

Will of Richard Hayes. 

Memorandum that on or about ye twenty third day of June Anno 
Dni. one thousand six hundred seaventy six Richard Hayes of fifulwel 
in ye County of Oxon late dec'd being of sound memory and under- 

*For confirmation of this theory see page 26. 

IS 



standing and having an intencon to make his will and to dispose of 
his Estate did in ye presence & hearing of Wm. Paine make and de- 
clare his last will and Testament nuncupative or by word of mouth in 
manner and forme following viz't, hee gave and bequeathed to his 
two daughters three score pounds apiece and hee gave unto his son 
so much imoney as would take his liveing and stocke it And all ye 
rest of his Estate he gave and bequeathed unto his wife and nomi- 
nated her sole Executrix of this his last will & Testament nuncupa- 
tive. All w'ch words or the like in effect were uttered & declared in 
ye presence of ye aboves'd Wm. Paine who in witness hereof hath 
hereunto Subscribed his name. Sig. W. Guiiel. Paine." 

The probate of this will in abbreviated Latin, is dated 
3d of July, 1676. A blank occurs where the widow's name 
should appear. 

This is the only testator who is described as of Fulwell, 
and it is unfortunate that the writer of the will did not 
give the names of his wife and children. On the suppo- 
sition that he was the son of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, he 
would probably name his son Henry. The will is not re- 
corded. 

"An Invintary of the goodes and Chattelles of Richard Hayes of 
fTullwell husbandman deceased the 24 day of June 1676: Taken by 
Staven South Roger Boox and francis Ryman the forst of July 1676 
in manner follosving: 

Item his Wareing Apparell and mony in his purse 10 - o - o 

Item Linen i - 10 - o 

Item tow beadcs blanckets boulsters and Coverlides 2 - 6 - 8 

Item Tow bead steeds i -o -o 

Item Tow Chestes one Coofer i -o -o 

Item Bras and puter I - 13 - 4 

Item one tabel frame and forme and tow chaires o - 13 - 4 

Item one malt mill and one gardenor i -3 -4 

Item Three drinck barreles and three Cowles one dow 

.... and one paile i -i -6 

Item Tow quarter of malte 2 -o -o 

Item Seven booshell of masling o -14-0 

Item barly in the barne one quarter o -16-0 

Item one Stacke of pease i -3 -4 

Item one Stacke of hay 2 - o - o 

Item Harnis Carte and plow and harrowes 4 - i - 4 

Item one Cow one yearling and tow weaneing Cafes 4 - o - o 

Item one pigg i -o -o 

Item Shipp and lames 13 - o - o 

Item fower Toodes of wooll 2 -o -o 

16 



Item Croop one the groonde 15 - o - o 

Item Wood in the backeside and other lomber about the 

house 3 -I -6 

Item Mony Lent out one bond in desperrat dettes yi - o - o 

The whole Some is i6o- 4-4 
The handes of them that praised it 
Steven South his S marke 
Roger Box 
ffrancis Ryman" 

Descendants of Henry Hayes. 

In the absence of the family record, the children of 
Henry Hayes cannot be given in the order of age. It is 
supposed that Rachel was the mother of all,* and there 
were at least sixteen of them. 

I. Henry, died unmarried in 1717, and his brother 
Richard administered to his estate. 

. 2. William, married 11 mo. 19, 1725-26, at London- 
grove Meeting, Jane James, born 9 mo. 28, 1707; daugh- 
ter of George and Ann (Woodward) James, of Springfield. 
They settled on land given him by his father, but about 
1764 appear to have removed to or near Wilmington, 
where Jane died, and he returned the following year. He 
died about the year 1783. 

3. Richard, married Mary , and settled in West 

Marlborough, where he died in the winter of 1742-3. His 
widow married a second husband, Welch. 

4. Joseph married in 1724 Elizabeth Cloud, supposed 
daughter of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Cloud, but her mar- 
ried life was brief. He was aeain married 8 mo. 26, 1727, 
at Bradford Meeting, to Jean Woodward, daughter of 
Richard Woodward, of Bradford. He settled on land 
given him by his father, where he died in 1748. His 
widow married in 1750 William Wickersham, of Newlin, 
whose first wife was Joseph's sister. 

♦Margaret was the mother of the older children. See page 26. 

17 



5- Thomas married lo mo. ii, 1734, at Kennett Meet- 
ing, jMary Kirk, of Christiana Hundred, New Castle 
County, widow of Alphonsus Kirk, Jr., and daughter of 
Thomas and Mary Nichols. They settled on land given 
him by his father, in East Marlborough, where he died in 
the winter of 1738-9. His widow married Jonathan Jack- 
son, Oct. 3, 1743, son of Thomas and Ann Jackson, of 
West Marlborough, and they had children Mary, Thomas, 
Sarah. Ann, Elizabeth and Ruth. Jonathan purchased 
the Henry Hayes homestead, his descendants intermar- 
ried with those of Henry Hayes, and are prominent 
among our citizens. 

6. Stephen, married in 1734, Sarah Hope, daughter of 
John and Elizabeth Hope, of Kennett. They settled on 
a part of his father's land, here at Unionville, but con- 
veyed this, April 15, 1743, to John Jackson, who was 
probably the first storekeeper at this place. Stephen died 
in Fallowfield in 1758. 

7. James, married about 1736, Mary Cox, daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah Cox, and settled in East Fallowfield, 
where he died in 1758. In 1764 his widow was assessed 
with 268 acres of land, 12 cattle, 3 horses and 8 sheep. 

8. John, perhaps died unmarried. A person of this 
name was supervisor in 1750 and the next year filled the 
ofifice of constable and overseer of the poor. In that day 
all citizens were expected to take their turns in these 
duties. About 1754 a John Hayes settled in Oxford 
Township and died there in 1766, leaving a widow, Mar- 
garet, and children, David, John, Mary, Elizabeth, Han- 
nah, Ann and Margaret. The village of Ha3'esville de- 
rives its name from this family. 

9. Mary, perhaps married Robert Hannum, son of John 
Hannum, of Concord. Mary, wife of Robert Hannum, 
died Nov. 6, 1749, and he Feb. 26, 1759. In 1763 their 
daughter, Elizabeth, petitioned for a guardian, and Henry 
Hayes was appointed. 

18 



10. Joanna, doubtless married, but to whom is un- 
known. 

11. Margaret, married Zachariah Butcher, son of Ed- 
mund Butcher, of Birmingham. He was a surveyor and 
died in East Nottingham, 1755, leaving children, Mary, 

Elizabeth, Margaret (married Collett), Susanna 

(married Samuel Passmore), Rachel (married Robert 
Oldham), Hannah, and Sarah (married Day). 

/ 12. Elizabeth, married William Cloud, son of Jeremiah 
and Elizabeth Cloud, of Brandywine Hundred, where he 
died 1748, and she in February 1749-50. They had chil- 
dren, Henry, Jeremiah, Daniel, William, Mordecai, 
Joseph, Margaret, Elizabeth (married Robert Booth), and 
Mabel (married Lazarus Askew). 

13. Anne, married Hugh Sidwell, son of Hugh and 
Elizabeth Sidwell, of West Nottingham. He died in 
1740, and she married Robert Morgan, of the same place, 
who died in 1754. By the first she had nine children, as 
follows: Henry, born 1720, married Ellen HufT and Mar- 
garet Hagan; Richard, born 1723, married Anne Job; 
Hugh, born 1725, married Anne Haines; Abraham, born 
1727, married Charity Harris; Isaac, born 1729, married 
Anna Brown; Jacob, born 1732; Ann, born 1734, married 
Jeremiah Sargeant ; Joseph, born 1736, married Rachel 
Midcalf; Mary, born 1739. By her second husband she 
had daughters Sarah and Susanna Morgan. 

14. Rachel, married 3 mo. 26, 1730, at Kennett Meet- 
ing, to William Wickersham, son of Thomas and Alice 
W^ickersham, of East Marlborough, born 2 mo. 3, 1706; 
died in Newlin Township, 11 mo. 1788. He married 2dly 
Jane Hayes, widow of Joseph, and 3dly Elinor, widow of 
Abraham Parker, in 1764. By the first he had eight chil- 
dren : Rachel, m. Francis Fisher,. 1753 ; Lydia, m. John 
Baily, 1753; Hannah, m. Joel Baily, 1757; Ruth, m. John 
Marsh, 1758; Abigail, m. Thomas Windle, 1765; William, 



19 



m. Elizabeth Pusey, 1764; Peter, m. Kezia Parker, 1773; 
Alice, m. Joseph Passmore, 1774- 

15. Ruth, married, after her father's death, to 

Heaney, as mentioned in the will of her brother, James 
Hayes. 

16. Lydia, married 12 mo. 3, 1741, to Thomas Nichols, 
of Christiana Hundred, New Castle County, where she 
died 7 mo. 24. 1800. She had children, Isaac, Rachel, 
Mary, Dinah, Thomas, Eli, Henry, Amor, Judith and Dan- 
iel. Of these Judith married Jacob Bennett, of Birming- 
ham, and Daniel married Dinah Wilson. 

THIRD GENERATION. 

Ciiildren of William (2) and Jane Hayes: 

17. John, born 1726, died in West Marlborough, 1762, 
married, 1749, Hannah Kirk, step-daughter of his uncle, 
Thomas Hayes, and had children, David, William, Jesse, 
Abraham, Ann and Hannah. 

18. David, born 1728, married in 17.53, Ann Baily, 
daughter of Joel and Betty Baily, of West Marlborough. 
They had children, Phebe, Anna, David, Nathan, Hannah, 
Jacob and Joel. The most of this family removed to Vir- 
ginia. 

19. Sarah, born 1730, married in 1753, William Lam- 
born, of Londongrove, and had two children, Hannah, 
who married Job Packer, and Elizabeth, who died young. 

20. William, born 1733, died young or unmarried. 

21. Hannah, born 1736, married in 1756, Samuel 
Swayne, son of William and Elizabeth Swayne, of East 
Marlborough, and had eleven children, Jacob, Stephen, 
Joshua, David, Rachel, Samuel, Sarah, Hannah, William, 
Nathan and Lydia. 

22. Mordecai, born 1738, died 1824, married in 1764, 
at Centre Meeting, Ann Greave, daughter of John and 
Jane Greave, of New Castle County. They settled on a 

20 




J A COB HA YES, of Newlin Twp., Chester Co.. 
son of MorJecai.son of Mordecai, son of William, 
son of Henry. 



farm of 200 acres in Newlin Township and had children, 
Jane, Jacob, EH, John, Jonathan and Mordecai. The last 
named was the father of Jacob and grandfather of Wil- 
liam M. Hayes, of West Chester. 

23. Thomas, born 1741, married in 1763, Ruth Jones, 
daughter of Evan and Sarah Jones, of East Bradford, and 
had children, Sarah, Rachel, Hannah and Thomas. 

24. Joshua, twin with Thomas. 

25. Abraham, born 1743, and 26. Rachel, born 1747, 
died unmarried. 

Children of Richard (3) and Mary Hayes : 

2^. Henry, married in 1748, Ann Strode, daughter of 
John and Magdalen Strode, of West Marlborough. They 
removed to the east side of the Brandywine, at Chads 
Ford, and kept tavern for several years at the old Chads 
house, but in 1766 went to Wilmington, where Ann died. 
Henry married again, 1768, Ann Wood, of Darby, where 
he subsequently resided until his death, in 1786. He was 
probably the sheriff of that name, 1772-3. By his first 
wife he had children, Magdalen, Elizabeth, Mary, Mar- 
garet and Henry. Of these Mary married her cousin, 
George Speakman. 

28. Margaret, married in 1746, Jeremiah Starr, and a 
second time, in 1769, to John Jackson. 

29. Mary, married in 1744, to Ebenezer Speakman, of 
Newlin, had children, George, m. Mary Hayes and Fran- 
ces Wollerton ; Joshua, m. Mary Wollerton and Ann Pyle; 
Jacob ; Lydia, m. Richard Ladley ; Mary, m. Joseph 
Baker; Margaret, m. Job Hayes. 

30. George. 31. Jonathan. 32. Jesse. 

Children of Joseph (4) and Jane Hayes : 

33. Rachel, married in 1747, John Moore. 

34. Isaac, married in 1750, at Londongrove Meeting, 
to Hannah Harlan, daughter of Ezekiel Harlan, of West 

21 



Marlborough. He died in East Alarlborough, 1759, and 
his widow married John Buller in 1760. Isaac left chil- 
dren, Rachel (m. Joshua Peirce), Ruth (m. Robert Com- 
mons), and Lydia. 

35. Henry, married first, about 1768, to Elizabeth 
Scott, and secondly, in 1773, to Jane Todd. He died in 
1806 near Baltimore, Aid., leaving- a daughter, Elizal)eth, 
wife of Emmor Baily. 

36. Abigail, married in 1755, to Richard Woodward, of 
West Bradford. 

2,7. Joseph, married at the Old Swedes' Church, Wil- 
mington, in 1753. to Joanna (or Hannah?) Passmore. 
He purchased 105 acres of his father's land in Newlin, 
1756. and 128 acres more at a later date. Tradition says 
he raised a company, at his own expense, to serve in the 
Revolutionary War, and it is certain that he mortgaged 
both farms in 1776 and that the sheriff sold them in 1785, 
after which he and his family went to Ohio.* A son, 
Solomon, married Alary Craig, in 1776, and there were 
at least other children, Hannah, Joseph, Walter, Jacob, 
Ann and Phebe. 

38. Caleb, married in 1756, to Alary Baily, daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah Baily, of West Alarlborough. He 
bought and settled on 130 acres of land in Newlin, where 
he died in 1786. His children were Isaac, Anne, Caleb, 
Ellis, Ruth and Abigail, who all went to the westward ex- 
cept the first. Isaac, born 1762, died 1844, married 
Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Abigail Walton, and 
resided in East Fallowfield. His children w^ere Elizabeth, 
Israel, Rebecca, Alary, Benjamin, Sarah and Isaac. Of 
these Benjamin was the father of Isaac I. Hayes, the 
Arctic explorer. 

39. Ruth married, at Swedes' Church, Wilmington, 
1754, Joseph Pyle, son of William and Betty (Chads) Pyle, 

*For account of this branch of the family see page 62. 

22 



of Birmingham, lie died in East Marlborough about 
1793, leaving nine children, Abner, Alice (wife of Eli 
Woodward). Betty (widow of Aaron Carrington), Ruth 
(wife of Elisha Baker), Mary, Jacob, Jane, Sarah and 
Joseph. He was possessed of a farm of 350 acres in East 
Marlborough and another of IQ2 acres in Newlin. Jacob 
was the grandfather of Abner Pyle, of West Chester, 
while his sister Jane became the wife of George Brinton, 
of the same town. 

Children of Thomas (5) and Mary Hayes : 

40. Samuel, married about 1760 Elizabeth Job, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Maxwell) Job, of Notting- 
ham. He became the owner of the homestead of 177 
acres in East Marlborough, by release from his sister. 
His children were Ann, Lydia, Job, Thomas, Mary, Sarah, 
Jonathan, Ruth, Dinah, Nathan, Elizabeth and Jane. Of 
these Job purchased the homestead in 1792, and by his 
wife, Sarah Henry, had children, Thomas, who died in in- 
fancy; Nathan M. D., of Unionville. who died in 1819; 
Levi, who remained at the homestead, and Job, who died 
young. 

41. Dinah, perhaps the same Dinah Hayes who mar- 
ried at the old Swedes' Church, 1768, Christopher Rich, 
of East Fallowfield. 

Children of Stephen (6) and Sarah Hayes : 

42. Stephen, removed to Wilmington where he died in 
1830, aged 87. He married Betty Way, daughter of 
Jacob Way, of Kennett, about 1767. 

43. John, married in 1765. Rachel Hall, and resided in 
Wilmington, where he was sometime cashier of the Bank 
of Delaware. He had at least three children, Stephen, 
Samuel and Rachel. 

23 



Children of James (7) and Mary Hayes : 

44. Henry, probably died unmarried. 

45. Nathan, died in West Marlborough about 1823, 
having no children but a considerable estate, which he de- 
vised to his nephews and nieces. 

46. Sarah, married 5 mo. 30, 1759, Aaron Baker, of 
West Alarlborough, son of Aaron and Mary Baker, of 
that place. They had twelve children, Hannah, James, 
Elisha (married Ruth Pyle), Nathan, Aaron, Levi, Joshua, 
Rachel, Mary, Samuel, Sarah and John. 

47. Rachel, married 1763, John Jones, son of Evan 
and Sarah Jones, of East Bradford, and had children, Eva, 
Mary, James and Sarah. 

48. Hannah, married in 1765, James Clark, born 1740, 
son of John and Hannah (Cooper) Clark. They had chil- 
dren, Mary, Sarah, James, xA.bishai, Thomas, Hayes, 
Lydia, Rachel, Elizabeth and Hannah. 

49. Lydia, married in 1773, Isaac Stroud, from Wilt- 
shire, England, and removed to Philadelphia. 



24 



"rf .. 




W0 







-as--»* 




'-*^s 



Fulwell. Oxfordshire. Home of Henry Hayes. 



OUR ENGLISH ANCESTORS AND A VISIT 
TO THEIR HOMES. 

By J. Carroll Hayes. 



"Love thou thy land with love far-brought 
From out the storied past." — Tennyson. 



rS^ KING a member of the committee appointed at the 
I wj Bi-centennial Reunion to pubHsh the proceedings 
and to obtain such additional information relating 
to the family as could be secured, I took advantage of a 
trip to England the past summer to visit the ancient 
homes of our common ancestors and to search the records 
there for facts concerning them. It proved a most inter- 
esting and enjoyable quest. 

The ancient parish registers furnished a considerable 
part of the information obtained. These are kept by the 
rectors of each parish, dating back generally to about 
1550, and they record baptisms, marriages and burials. 
These registers are mostly very difficult to decipher, being 
written in a crabbed medieval hand and are brown and 
faded with age. The records of the wills are in most 
cases preserved at Somerset House, London. 

Before describing the homes of our English forefathers, 
let me first briefly summarize the results of my genealogi- 
cal searches. In this interesting labor I was materially 
aided by an Anglican Vicar, Rev. Richard Ussher, of 
Brackley, Northamptonshire, who is an enthusiastic anti- 
quarian. 

We already knew, as appears by the Historical Sketch, 
that our common ancestor, Henry Hayes, came to Ameri- 

25 



ca about 1705 from Fullvell, or Fulwell, in the County of 
Oxon (Oxfordshire), and that he was a carpenter. We 
also had, through Gilbert Cope, the West Chester genea- 
logist, records of the wills of Richard Hayes, of Fulwell, 
and of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, also in Oxfordshire, 
whom he conjectured to be the father and grandfather, re- 
spectively, of Henry Hayes, the immigrant. (See His- 
torical Sketch, page 15.) 

The information that we now secured from the old 
parish registers proved the correctness of this supposition, 
and furnished us a number of dates and facts relating to 
these early forefathers of ours. 

The register of Spelsbury parish, of which Fulwell 
forms a part, records the baptism on May 23, 1667, of 
'*Henery ye son of Richard Hayes of Fulwell." His first 
wife's name was Margaret, as appears from the entry of 
the baptism of their first two (t\vin) children, and not 
Rachel, as had been supposed; and the former was prob- 
ably the mother of at least the six children born in Eng- 
land. 

The same register records the baptisms of these six 
children, — 

Mary and Margaret (twins), baptized July 17, 1692. 
Elizabeth, baptized February 11, 1693-4. 
William, baptized October 22, 1696. 
Joseph, baptized November 19, 1698. 
John, baptized June i, 1700. 

It therefore appears that Henry Hayes brought these 
six small children with him to the new land of his adop- 
tion, all of whom afterwards married and left posterity. 
It is interesting for us, their distant descendants, to pic- 
ture this early family group leaving their home-land, — like 
the Greek colonists of old, — and making the long and 
perilous voyage across the stormy North Atlantic in one 
of the slow sailing vessels of those days. Here was the 
little nucleus of a family that was to number close to 

26 



twenty thousand in the two centuries to come. Our an- 
cestor must have been a man of considerable force of 
character and independence of spirit, to have attempted 
such a migration, with so large a family of little ones, into 
a frontier land full of hardships and dangers. 

Henry Hayes's father, as appears above, was Richard 
Hayes, of Fuhvell, (whose will appears on page 15.) 
The inventory of the personal property left by him is also 
there reproduced, and shows him to have been a "hus- 
bandman," or farmer. 

Richard Hayes's will was nuncupative, viz : one given 
by word of mouth in the extremity of his last illness, and 
subsequently committed to writing by the witness. It 
was made June 23, 1676; his death took place the next 
day, and he was buried the day following. His body 
probably lies in the church yard at Spelsbury, inasmuch 
as it is the register of that church that records his burial. 

The will refers to a son and two daughters, without 
naming them. The parish register supplies these omis- 
sions, mentioning the baptism of his son Henry on May 
23, 1667, as already mentioned, and of a daughter Mary, 
on February 4, 1670, and recording also the marriage of 
Joane Hayes, who was probably the other daughter, to 
Henry Trindar, on May 21, 1685. 

Going back still another generation, Richard Hayes 
was a son of Henry Hayes, of Epwell, as appears by the 
latter's will (given on page 15.) The elder Henry, as 
appears by this will, was a tailor and left a widow Isabel! 
and two children, Elizabeth and Richard. The will is 
dated May 22, 1633, and the Epwell register contains the 
entry of his burial on December 9, 1634. It also records 
the burial of his former wife, Joane, on December 5, 1614, 
and the baptism of a daughter, Mary, June 7, 1606, and 
her burial August 24th of the same year. 

By his will Henry Hayes, the elder, directs that he be 
buried " in the church or churchyard of Swacklieffe" 

77 



(Swalclift), of which the nearby church at Epwell was a 
chapelry or subordinate church. It is probable, however, 
that he was actually buried at Epwell, it being- the Epwell 
register that records the fact. It appears that he owned 
a tenement or property, in Swalcliffe, which he willed to 
his son Richard, as also his "malt mill, to remain in said 
tenement." 

It would seem that this elder Henry Hayes was held in 
considerable esteem, in his community, as he filled the 
of^ce of Church Warden of Epwell. In this capacity he 
signed, in the parish register, a document relating to 
affairs of the church, in 1605. 

His name is spelled variously in different places, a com- 
mon occurrence in those early days. In his will it is writ- 
ten Heis, and in the parish register mostly Hay, in some 
cases Harry Hay. 

In my further search in the line of our ancestry I was 
now at a loss how to proceed, as the records failed to 
give any clue to earlier Hayeses in Oxfordshire with 
whom I could connect our line. Finding in the indexes, 
however, the names Henry Hayes and Richard Hayes oc- 
curring in the adjoining districts of Worcestershire and 
southern Warwickshire, I visited the Probate Office con- 
nected with the cathedral at Worcester, and there found 
the wills and inventories of these and other early Hayeses, 
though nothing appeared that would furnish a definite 
connecting link between our line and them. It was in- 
teresting, however, to decipher, with the aid of an expert, 
these old faded wills written by bearers of our name, in 
the days before the Reformation, when all were devout 
Catholics. In many of these wills were bequests to the 
church or the priest, and directions for the saying of 
masses for the benefit of the writers' souls. 

I had now gone as far back in our family line as the 
immediate sources seemed to permit. It may be, how- 
ever, that more might be discovered by a complete search 

28 




Epwell, Oxfordshire, Home of Henry Hayes, Sr. 



of all the possible clues known to the professional genea- 
logist, such as the bishops' transcripts, the records of 
chancery suits, and other numerous sources mentioned in 
J. Henry Lea's work, "Genealogical Research in Eng- 
land, &c.," (Edition of 1906). 

As already mentioned, genealogists tell us that the 
same name was spelled variously in those early times, and 
also that the singular and plural forms were often inter- 
changeable, as Hay and Hayes. As an illustration of 
this, one of these early Hayeses wrote himself in his will 
"De la Haye, alias Hayes." This form "De la Haye" is, 
of course, French in character, and would suggest a Nor- 
man origin for the family. In a book which I found in 
my searches, by R. A. Hay, on the Genealogy of the 
Hayes of Tw^eeddale, page 3, is given a list of those bear- 
ing this name De la Haye who came to England from 
Normandy about the time of the Conqueror. Whether 
our line goes back to this aristocratic origin is of course 
pure conjecture; but it is interesting to speculate upon, 
at least. 

THE HOMES OF OUR ANCESTORS. 

Having now delved into the mists of obscurity, in the 
way of old records, as far as I was able, let me describe 
briefly the homes of these far ancestors of ours and the 
surroundings of their daily lives. 

My pilgrimage to these ancestral villages in old Ox- 
fordshire was to me what a visit to the old Hayes region 
in Chester County would be to the Hayes descendants in 
the west. It was a return to "the old home," a reverent 
pilgrimage to scenes and haunts made sacred to us by the 
lives of those of our own flesh and blood, by their toils, 
their loves, their joys and their sorrows. Hawthorne has 
called England "Our Old Home," and to us who are of 
English descent, the mother land is all that that intimate 

29 



name signifies, for we are one with her people in blood, 
in religion, in language, in literature and in political 
ideals. When the American traveller is on the Continent 
he feels like a stranger in a strange land, but when he 
comes to good "homey" England he feels he is indeed at 
home. — among people who think and feel and speak very 
much as he does himself. 

While exploring the Hayes region, which covers the 
northwest portion of Oxfordshire, I made the quaint old 
town of Banbury my centre, — Banbury famous for its old 
cross which we all knew of as children, and took many a 
ride to on our parents' knees. It was and is still noted 
also for its great horse and sheep fairs, and was probably 
the market town of the elder Hayeses, and often visited 
by them. Here I lodged in a quaint old building once a 
part of a bishop's palace, w^hich helped me to get into the 
spirit of antiquity. 

At Banbury I secured a bicycle and started westward 
on my seven-mile ride to Epwell, over a fine macadamized 
road, such as you see everywhere in England. At Wrox- 
ton, a picturesque village, about half way on my journey, 
I met several persons by the name of Hayes, with whom I 
had interesting conversations on the subject of the family; 
but they had no old papers or Bible records, and could 
give me no serviceable information. 

Only at Wroxton and at Stratford-on-Avon did I find 
any persons bearing our name, although at Epwell my in- 
formant remembered a Hayes who had married a Hop- 
kins, of whom there are several in that village. At Ful- 
well also there are people by the name of Trendar, a fam- 
ily into which one of Richard Hayes's daughters probably 
married, as we have already seen. 

My ride to Epwell lay between green hedge rows 
through a beautiful, rich, pastoral region, growing more 
and more rolling, till at Epwell I was among the summits 
of the famed Cotteswold Hills. This range forms the 

30 



main watershed of central England, dividing the waters of 
the Severn and Avon from those of the Thames and 
Cherwell. From the summit above Epweil I enjoyed a 
splendid breadth of view, across green rolling Oxford- 
shire, to the east, towards the dreaming college towers 
of ancient Oxford, and to the west across the fertile, low- 
lying Warwickshire almost to Shakespeare's Stratford, — a 
land fair as a dream. This beautiful range of hills con- 
stitutes the line between these two historic shires; it 
marks the limit of an important geological formation, 
and was the borderland between the ancient kingdoms of 
Mercia on the west and Wessex on the east and south. 
Close by was fought the Battle of Edge Hill that opened 
the great Civil War, in 1642. 

The upland reaches of these hills are made up (and 
much more so in Henry Hayes's day) of sheep-downs, or 
great stretches of open upland pastures, on which graze, 
numberless flocks of the famed Cotteswold sheep. One 
of these fine flocks I had seen, driven by one of the Wrox- 
ton Hayeses. 

In a pretty valley beneath the summits of these his- 
toric hills nestles the little old-world village of Epweil, 
home of the elder Henry Hayes, the earliest ancestor of 
whom we know certainly. Its main street has wide 
stretches of green turf on either side, bordered by quaint 
thatch-roofed cottages, each with its casement windows, 
its array of bright flowers, and its rose bushes and vines 
climbing over the door-ways and up almost to the thatch. 

The only evidence of life about the ancient sleepy place 
was an old woman stepping from her door to a neigh- 
bor's, evidently for a little gossip of the "Cranford" 
flavor. The village is far from the railroads, and the 
modern currents of trade and travel have long ago left it 
to one side, stranded among the hills. From the look of 
age apparent in all the houses, one might guess that the 
place had altered little if at all since the days of Henry 

31 



Hayes. It seemed to be peacefully sleeping away the 
years in an old-world dream. 

I had no means of identifying the house where our an- 
cestor lived, but when I came to the little church on the 
upper edge of the village I was on certain ground. I 
knew I was now at a spot closely connected with his life 
and with his higher aspirations, for, being a warden of this 
church, here was his place of worship, and here he must 
have spent many a devoted hour in the care and oversight 
of the little building and its surrounding church-yard. In 
this silent enclosure, too, he must have been buried, 
though a careful search among the graves of the "fore- 
fathers of the hamlet" failed to reveal any stones bearing 
our ancestor's name. There were but few dating back of 
1700. This little house of worship, like nearly all Eng- 
lish parish churches, is low and spreading, and has a 
square solid tower crowned with Norman battlements. 
These structures are always picturesque, and they form a 
characteristic feature of England's beautiful rural scenery. 

Epwell is but fourteen miles distant from Stratford-on- 
Avon, and it is interesting to speculate on the probability 
of our ancestor having seen Shakespeare there in the 
great dramatist's later days. Shakespeare died but eigh- 
teen years before our forefather. 

From Epwell I turned southv/ard, over the rolling up- 
lands, some two or three miles to Swalcliffe. Here 
Henry Hayes owned a property which he willed to his son 
Richard. Continuing on southward I passed in sight of 
the village of Swerford, the home of Richard Haunds, 
from whom Henry Hayes, the immigrant, purchased the 
larger part of his property in America, in 1700. 

Several miles farther to the south, across broad low 
ridges, I came to Enstone, near which is Fulwell, the 
home of Richard Hayes and his son Henry, the immi- 
grant. To Enstone these ancestors of ours doubtless often 
came to the village church or market. 

32 




Epwell Church, of which Henry Hayes, Sr., was a Church Warden. 



Enstone has a distinct air of decayed gentility. It is 
on the high-road from Oxford to Stratford, and in the old 
coaching days was a point of some importance. More- 
over it was once in fashion as a sort of watering-place. 
But, as in so many cases, the coming of the railroads 
clianged the course of trade and of fashion, and this once 
gay resort fell into a long slow process of decline. 
Pathetic stories might be told of many such an ancient 
"deserted village" of old-world England. 

Here and in several of these other old villages I 
dropped into the ancient inns where the country folk con- 
gregate, for I wished to hear their rustic gossip and broad 
pronunciation. Here they sit long over their ale, in the 
old high-backed settles about the table or beside the fire- 
place. With these primitive rustic folk two hundred 
years makes little change, and their manner of speech 
must be much the same as it was when Henry Hayes bade 
his kinsmen and neighbors farewell for a foreign land. 

Fulwell is only a half mile south of Enstone, and is a 
mere hamlet of a half-dozen houses. All but one (the 
farm house) are of the picturesque thatch-roofed variety 
already described. Henry James speaks of such cottages 
as "smothered in thatch." The village is approached by 
roads lined with shade, and along one of these, beneath 
the great elms, I sat enjoying the view of the hamlet and 
the fields from which the sweet scents of the hay harvest 
were wafted, and tried to picture the life of our far ances- 
tor amid these beautiful surroundings. I compared these 
scenes of comfort and of fine cultivation with the wild- 
ness of the untrodden woods which he was to face when 
he took up his great estate in far Pennsylvania, and 
thought of the courage and resolution that must have ani- 
mated his pioneer spirit in making the change. And yet 
the name that Henry Hayes made for himself in Penn's 
new province far more than justified all the sacrifice and 
hardship. 

33 



I had now made my pilgrimage to all the spots known 
to be connected with our English ancestors, except Spels- 
bury, which I afterwards visited, as being the place of 
burial of Richard Hayes. 

My searches were now finished. I had taken pictures 
of most of the scenes visited, some of which are here re- 
produced, forming a pleasant record of the trip. My 
travels gave me somewhat of the zeal of Scott's old "Anti- 
quary," and a feeling of kinship with those who spend 
their lives delving into the secrets of antiquity. 

Should any of our Hayes cousins visit England, I ad- 
vise them by all means to leave the highways of the 
travelled routes for the byways of this primitive region of 
our ancestors in Oxfordshire, and enjoy a day or two in 
the heart of old-world England amid the memories of our 
forefathers. 



34 







H| 




V 


>B^^^^^^I 






1 ,- ^'^^ 


^^ 1 - ^J 


■t^' 


w 



DR. ISAAC I. HA YES, the Arctic Explorer. 



DR. ISAAC I. HAYES. 
By George Bailey, Jr. 



nF DR. ISAAC I. HAYES were alive to-day he would 
doubtless be here to address you himself, for I am 
sure he would be greatly interested in this gather- 
ing of the clan. As that cannot be, I wish that one of his 
own generation, who had known and followed his career 
from boyhood on, might have done it in his behalf; but 
some of these are gone and others are too modest to as- 
sume the task, and so it has fallen to my lot to perform, 
imperfectly though it may be, this labor of love. 

It is now nearly 24 years since he died and I was then 
but a boy, but his appearance and manner are as fresh in 
mind as though he were still here with us. 

Some older heads might question the wisdom of Arctic 
Explorations, with the great expense and danger attend- 
ing them. What good would it do anyhow to find a 
North-West passage or an open Polar Sea, or even to at- 
tain the pole itself. They might feel that one who pos- 
sessed such unusual abilities might devote them to more 
practical uses with assured success to himself and greater 
benefit to others, but the interest of scientific men gener- 
ally in these expeditions and the value they have placed 
upon their discoveries, not only in the knowledge gained 
of the geography of these countries but their general 
scientific observations in these parts, have proved their 
value. ]\Iankind has always eventually profited from the 
investigations of those who possessed the genius and 
courage to venture into the great unknown, either in this 
world or the world of thought. 

35 



To his nephews and nieces Dr. Hayes was always the 
hero of the family ; an atmosphere of romance surrounded 
him to us. He was not like other men. Had he not as 
a young physician of twenty-one gone as surgeon to the 
frozen north? Had he not appeared before learned so- 
cieties and enlisted their support and finally conducted an 
expedition of his own, and penetrating to a point at that 
time farther north than any of his predecessors, planted 
the American flag on the icy shores of Grinnell Land? 
Had not the value of his work been recognized by scien- 
tists at home and abroad? Had he not written the most 
fascinating books of travel and adventure, and was he not 
still the same genial, generous, affectionate, unspoiled 
uncle whose visits, though usually short and far between, 
were such a delight to young and old ? 

I remember the most fascinating boats that he carved 
for us out of blocks of wood, equipping them with masts 
and sails, that we launched upon the pond in our home 
grounds; and even more fascinating was it to listen to the 
stories of his travels, illustrated for us by sketches with 
pencil or pen, of icebergs and Eskimos, of dogs and 
sledges. 

Hence my endeavor to present to you not only a recital 
of what he accomplished in the forty-nine years of his life, 
but to acquaint you with his unique and charming per- 
sonality, that you may know what manner of man he was 
who did these things. He was descended from Joseph, 
the third son of Henry Hayes, whose settlement in Ches- 
ter County two hundred years ago we commemorate to- 
day, and he w^as the son of the late Benjamin and Ann 
(Borton) Hayes, of West Chester. 

At the time of his birth, March 5th, 1832, his parents 
resided upon a farm in West Fallowfield tow^nship. Lit- 
tle did they think that their boy, bright and lively though 
he was, should one day develop into a physician, an ex- 
plorer, a lecturer, an author, a legislator, indeed entirely 

36 




BEI^IJAMIN HA YES, of West Chester, Father 
of Dr. Isaac I. Hayes. 



break away from the habits and traditions of a conserva- 
tive Quaker community. He grew to be a healthy, happy, 
Hvely boy, full of fun and energy, fond of reading, and es- 
pecially of books of travel and adventure, a natural leader 
in boyish games and pranks, but always affectionate, gen- 
erous, thoughtful of others rather than himself. He was 
naturally of an inventive turn of mind, handy with tools, 
a trait that served him well in the Arctic region, where 
much needed things were often not at hand and where the 
crude materials that were, must be adapted to his uses. 
Though performing the various duties required of a boy 
on a farm, he found leisure time, often in the evenings, to 
make various things for his own and the family use, 
among the most ambitious of which was a small ox-cart 
for a pair of young oxen that he and his brother had 
trained, and a sleigh. These he completed himself, ex- 
cept the tires on the cart and the shoes for the runners 
of the sleigh, both of which his father, pleased with his 
work, was glad to have the blacksmith put on for him. 
Sometimes he would induce his elder sister to brine her 
work to the shop, she sewing in the comfortable seat pro- 
vided for her, while he worked and talked, until, the hour 
growing late, they would hear the parental admonition to 
retire. He attended the public district school until near- 
ly thirteen years old, when he with his brother were sent 
to West Grove to a school kept by Thomas Harvey, and 
about a year afterward to the Friends' Boarding School 
at Westtown, where he remained for two years, subse- 
quently returning for a term as assistant teacher. Whilst 
at Westtown his intellectual ability was especially noted, 
not only in the studies prescribed at that time, but in the 
natural history and literary societies that were then and 
have ever since been a feature of that school. So marked 
were his talents, that though only eighteen, he was de- 
sired by some as a teacher in the school, but this arrange- 
ment being frustrated for a time, his thoughts turned in 

2>7 



another direction, and it is doubtful if his active mind and 
restless progressive spirit could have long- remained con- 
tent as a member of the school faculty. Yet, like many 
another leader of men, he did teach for a time in a school 
in West Marlborough. He was advised by a neighbor on 
his way to school the first morning, to take a hickory 
stick with him or he would be carried out, but his knowl- 
edge of and sympathy with boyish natures gained control 
of the school without the use of the rod. Desirous of en- 
tering one of the great professions, he chose the law, for 
which his talents peculiarly fitted him, but deferred to his 
father's preference and decided to study medicine ; and to 
this end commenced his studies under the direction of Dr. 
Samuel Harry, the family physician, an old personal 
friend. He soon, however, left Chester County for Phila- 
delphia, to enter the Medical School of the University of 
Pennsylvania. His preceptor says of him at this time, — 
"At school where I knew him well, and at the University 
of Pennsylvania, where I knew him better, being for a 
term his preceptor, I knew him to be a conscientious, 
earnest student, determined to succeed in the profession 
which he had chosen, by his untiring application fitting 
himself in a superior manner for it; and being a shining 
mark he was chosen by Dr. Kane as one of his assistants. 
From this time his career is well known among his asso- 
ciates. I trust his memory will be cherished long in the 
future, for he was a representative American in the fullest 
sense of the term, and did much to advance the prestige 
of the North American Union." He graduated m medi- 
cine in April, 1853, and opened an of^ce on South loth 
street, but soon received notice of the acceptance by Dr. 
Kane of his application to act as surgeon of the second 
Grinnell Expedition to go in search of Sir John Franklin. 
There was short time for preparation and a hurried visit 
home ; and in May of the same year he sailed from New 
York in the brig Advance. The whole ship's company 

38 



numbered but nineteen men, including the commander, 
of whom one alone survives to-day, Mr. Amos Bonsall, 
who addressed the Chester County Historical Society in 
West Chester last spring, on the presentation to it of a 
portrait of Dr. Hayes. 

After a tempestuous voyage the vessel reached Rens- 
saelaer Bay, latitude 78° 40', where the brig was frozen 
in and they were forced to winter. Various parties were 
sent out to explore the shores of Greenland, discovering 
the great Humboldt Glacier and the Mer de Glace or 
great ice cap of North Greenland, but lack of food soon 
forced them to turn back. One of these parties, under 
Dr. Hayes's command, crossed over to the west shore of 
the channel and discovered Grinnell Land, reaching a 
point two hundred miles north of previous expeditions to 
that side; and planting a little flag on the top of Cape 
Frazer, latitude 79° 42', turned south and connected their 
surveys with those of English explorers at the mouth of 
Kennedy Channel. Open water was seen to the north by 
this expedition, but it was impossible to get the brig 
through the ice that had now drifted down and prevented 
them going south a^ain. They were therefore obliged 
to spend another winter in the ice, for which they were ill- 
prepared either with food or fuel. An attempt by a por- 
tion of the party to reach Greenland's most northern set- 
tlement at Upernavick, by boat, is given in Dr. Hayes's 
first book, "An Arctic Boat Journey," a thrilling narra- 
tive of hardships and exposure. The attempt proved 
futile, for they were forced to return, Dr. Hayes with a 
badly frozen foot that resulted in the loss of a portion of 
his toes. The following spring the brig was abandoned 
and they reached New York October 12th, 1855. 

Dr. Hayes was now convinced of the existence of an 
open polar sea, and felt sure that, profiting by former ex- 
perience and with a proper food supply to prevent that 
scourge of the former voyage, scurvy, he could reach the 

39 



open sea and possibly cross it to the pole. He presented 
his views to various scientific societies, among them the 
American Geographical Society, the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, of Baltimore; the 
American Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural 
Science, of Philadelphia; the Academy of Arts and 
Science, of Boston; the Boston Society of Natural His- 
tory, and the New York Lyceum of Natural History, all 
of whom approved of the undertaking and gave their aid 
and encouragement as well. Commendation of his plan 
was also received from the geographical societies of Lon- 
don and Paris; Dr. Hayes had in the meantime given 
courses of lectures over the country, especially a course 
given at the instance of Professor Joseph Henry at the 
Smithsonian Institution at Washington. With the pro- 
ceeds of these lectures, the support and friendship of Pro- 
fessor Bache, the learned and efficient chief of the United 
States Coast Survey, and the subscriptions secured by the 
various scientific societies, sufficient funds had been col- 
lected to enable him to fit out the schooner "United 
States," in which he sailed with fourteen men from Bos- 
ton, July 9th, i860. He had hoped to take a steamer 
also, which would have been better able to penetrate the 
ice, but the expense was so great and so many things were 
needed to provide for the voyage, the necessary stores 
and scientific apparatus, that he deemed it inadvisable to 
wait longer. The story of this expedition is told in his 
second book, the "Open Polar Sea." He immediately 
established an understanding with his men that resulted 
in their perfect unity and co-operation throughout the 
voyage. The season was already late, and though they 
entered Smith Sound, they were driven back and obliged 
to go into winter quarters in latitude 79° 18'. They 
named the harbor Port Foulke, in honor of Wm. Parker 
Foulke, a personal friend of the Doctor's, and a firm sup- 
porter of the expedition. The winter was spent in scien- 



40 



tific investigation, exploration of the giacial S3^steni, and 
preparations for the next season ; and on April 4th he set 
out on a sledge and boat journey across and up the sound. 
The highest point reached by him on the journey was 
latitude 81° 35', beyond which open water was seen. This 
point he called Cape Lieber, and the bay below it he 
named in honor of Lady Franklin. Beyond he could see 
far in the distance bold headlands, but the rotten ice made 
it necessary for him to return with his sledge. He hoped 
to have made another attempt to get the schooner 
through the ice, but found her condition unsafe for such 
an attempt, and was forced to turn back in the hope of 
making a further effort at another time, having gained, 
as he says, many important advantages for the future. 
Not the least among these was the fact that he had 
brought his party through without sickness, thus proving, 
as he said, that the Arctic winter of itself breeds neither 
scurvy nor discontent. At Upernavick he had the first 
news from the States, and terrible news it was, of the 
Civil War. At Halifax the news was confirmed, with 
particulars of the firing on Fort Sumter and the Battle 
of Bull Run. When he reached Boston the city was 
shrouded in gloom, for many of her sons had already 
fallen in their country's cause, and he at once made up 
his mind that his duty lay at present not in prosecution 
of his explorations, as he so greatly desired, but in the 
service of his country. At daybreak the mists of the 
early morning seemed to add to the city's gloom. He 
reached Washington Street and bought a paper from a 
passing newsboy. It recorded the account of Balls Bluff 
battle. Saddened he returned to the vessel, a conflict go- 
ing on in his mind. His own words will best describe his 
feeling, — "The terrible reality was now for the first time 
presented to my imagination. The land which I had left 
in the happy enjoyment of peace was already drenched 
with blood. A great convulsion had come to scatter the 

41 



landmarks of the national union, and the country which I 
had known could be the same no more. Mingled with 
these reflections were thoughts of my own career. To 
abandon my pursuits, to give up a project in which I had 
expended so much time and means, to have nipped in the 
bud, as it were, a work upon which I had set my heart and 
to which I had given the early years of my manhood, to 
sacrifice all the hopes and all the ambitions which had en- 
couraged me through toil and danger, with the promise of 
fame to follow the successful completion of a great ob- 
ject, to abandon an enterprise in which I had aspired to 
win for myself an honorable place among men who illus- 
trated their country's history and shed luster upon their 
country's flag, — were thoughts which first seriously 
crossed my mind while returning on board, carrying in my 
hand the bloody record of Balls Bluff. In the face of the 
startling intelligence which had crowded upon me since 
reaching Halifax and which had now culminated; in the 
face of the duty which every man owes in his own person 
to his country when his country is in peril, I could not 
hesitate. Before I reached my cabin, while our friends 
were yet in ignorance of our presence in the bay, I had re- 
solved to postpone the execution of the task with which I 
had charged m.yself ; and I closed as well the cruise as the 
project, by writing a letter to the President, asking for 
immediate employment in the public service, and offering 
my schooner to the government for a gunboat." 

He received the appointment as surgeon in charge of 
the Satterlee Military Hospital in West Philadelphia, with 
title of Major and brevet Colonel. This hospital was 
built and commanded by him until the close of the w^ar 
and was at that time the largest military hospital in the 
world, accommodating at times over 5000 soldiers, and 
treating in all during the war 50,000 to 60,000 patients. 
The hospital was especially noted for its discipline and 
hygiene. The Sisters of Charity, whose services were se- 

42 



cured as nurses, bore testimony likewise to Dr. Hayes's 
fatherly care for their comfort and convenience, as well as 
the exaction of efficient service. At the close of the war 
Dr. Hayes went to New York, and in 1867 published 
"The Open Polar Sea," receiving- gold medals from the 
Geographical Societies of London and Paris. In 1869 he 
sailed in the steamer "Panther" with the Artist Willian'i 
Bradford, of Boston, exploring the south coasts of Green- 
land and taking numerous photographs. He made a 
special study at this time of the Greenland glacial system, 
and of the history of the country from the earliest ac- 
counts in the Iceland Sagas. The results of this trip, with 
many beautiful descriptions of Arctic scenery and interest- 
ing accounts of life and character in Greenland, are told 
in his "Land of Desolation," published in 1872. He also 
published a story for children, told in a charming, simple 
style, called "Cast Away in the Cold," and wrote for va- 
rious periodicals, among them The Atlantic Monthly, The 
Youth's Companion, and St. Nicholas. In 1874 he at- 
tended the Iceland Millennial Celebration, and corre- 
sponded for the New York Herald. In the same com- 
pany was another illustrious Chester Countian, Bayard 
Taylor, who corresponded for the New York Tribune, and 
many others. 

In 1876 he was elected to the New York Assembly 
from the 7th District of New York City. He commanded 
immediate recognition by his talents, and advocated and 
saw carried through the following measures, — a free canal 
policy, the organization of a state survey, and, against 
vigorous opposition, provided for a tunnel beneath the 
Hudson River. He was elected for six successive terms. 
He died suddenly in December, 1881, of heart affection, 
brought on, the physicians thought, by his exposure and 
hardships endured in the Arctic regions. Though only 
forty-nine, his life had been a full and illustrious one. He 
had never spared himself, and doubtless his habits when 

43 



engag-ed upon some special work, of ignoring the physical 
demands for food and rest, were the cause of early death, 
as much as the hardships of his polar experiences. Suffice 
it to say that with him personal comfort and pleasure 
were subordinated to the advancement of the world's 
knowledge or the country's welfare, and though am- 
bitious to win fame for himself, it was upon the basis of 
lasting benefits to be conferred upon his fellow men; and 
no mercenary motive ever entered into his calculation. 
He left no fortune behind him, but he has left a name hon- 
ored by his country and a memory revered by his friends. 



4^ 






"t — '^^^ 




"SSijW"-'^ ' 



Approach to Fulwell, Oxfordshire, Home of Henry Hayes. 



HENRY HAYES. OUR ENGLISH SIRE. 

By John Russell Hayes. 



Two hundred years have rolled away 
And mingled with the countless span, 

Two centuries since our English sire 
Founded in this new world our clan. 

What fortitude was his, what faith. 

What trust in the all-friendly God 
Who led him o'er the trackless sea 

To this remote and virgin sod, 

Far from his own dear English fields, 
Beyond the utmost western foam, 

Amid these Chester County hills 

To fix and found his new-world home! 

The pleasant vales of Oxfordshire 
Lovely with all their storied charms. 

The green-marged Thames slow winding down 
Amid the peaceful ancient farms ; 

The meadows and the hedge-rows green, 
The orchard and the flowery garth, 

The ancient church and ivied walls 
That sheltered his ancestral hearth, — 

How far, how fair seemed those lost scenes 
When in this new world strange and wild 

He thought upon his English home 
Dear from the days he was a child ! 

45 



And yet how happy were his dreams 

Had it been given him to see 
How this new land would bless his sons 

Through all the golden years to be 1 

God grant some vision yet was his 
To dream of these our happy days 

When we revere with filial love 

Our sire, our founder — Henry Hayes. 

Through all our clan, in weal or woe, 
Forever may they cherished be — 

The fortitude, the faith that drew 
Our English sire across the sea. 

These dear home meadows, these old roads, 
These tranquil fields of clover sweet, 

These well-loved woods, these grey old barns, 
These acres rich with golden wheat, — 

Our fathers loved them one and all ; 

They lived and died on this dear land ; 
Ancestral feelings stir the heart 

As on this sacred soil we stand. 

May never son or daughter here 

Forget these acres of our birth, 
Nor fail to love with loyal zeal 

Our portion of the fruitful earth. 

May we, his far-descended heirs, 

Be worthy his ancestral gift 
Of friendliness and kindly cheer 

And simple honesty and thrift. 

May we uphold inviolate 

The glory of his patriot fame, 
True children of his honored blood 

And faithful to his cherished name! 

46 



ADDRESS BY STEPHEN C. HARRY. 



DT is with a feeling" of reverence that I stand to-day 
upon this ground sacred to the memory of our 
common ancestor. It is truthfully said that he who 
has lived an honorable life has built his own monument. 
Henry Hayes left a monument which must grow in the 
admiration of him who studies it, not a pillar of granite 
doomed to yield to the ravages of time, but the living and 
ever-widening influence of noble deeds, exalted character 
and a worthy posterity. 

Of the history of his first years in America we at this 
time know very little. It is, however, certain that the 
struggles and privations incident to the gaining of a foot- 
hold in a new country did not weaken his determination 
to succeed or dwarf his ability to achieve. His breadth of 
education, strength of character, keen sense of justice, 
and loyalty to the colonies, were soon recognized and ap- 
preciated. In less than two years after his arrival, in the 
capacity of district surveyor, he had surveyed and located 
the road already referred to by our historian, which in its 
course united Kennett Square to its thrifty neighbor, the 
village of Avondale. A few years later we find him an 
earnest and untiring worker as a member of Assembly. 
Next a Justice of the Quarter Sessions, Common Pleas 
and Orphans' Court, a member of many important com- 
mittees representing the early settlers in those dismal 
days of the ante-revolutionary period, and identified with 
every movement which added to the stability and pros- 
perity of his community. We may well say his life was a 
force felt in the moulding of our great country. 

Of his posterity it is most gratifying to be able to say 

47 



that it has in no sense detracted from the honor which 
was his. Among his descendants history points to those 
who in the sphere of pohtics had honest convictions and 
stood by them ; to those in the professions who placed 
pubHc weal above personal success ; to those in science, 
who stood alone in their field of labor, and, quite equal to 
all these, to a sturdiness of character transmitted from 
generation to generation to which we may point with just 
pride. 

Of his descendants there was one of whom I must 
speak — one humble, beautiful life which is of especial in- 
terest to me. and to those of you who are lineal descend- 
ants of the Harry branch of this great family. Sarah 
Hayes was a great-granddauehter of him whose memory 
we are here to honor and to perpetuate. In the year 
1790 she was married to Stephen Harry, my great-grand- 
father, and I tell you to-day that I am glad that it was a 
Stephen Harry who was able to meet the requirements of 
the Hayes standard. It is noted that on the day of their 
marriage, her husband gave expression to his regrets 
that he was not able to have her join him in life with the 
same comforts to which she had been accustomed. His 
wife mildly reproved him by replying, — "Hast thou not 
two hands, a healthy body and a sound mind, all that God 
bestows upon any man?" This exemplifies the sturdi- 
ness of the Hayes character to which I have referred, and 
undoubtedly touched the pride of her husband and 
strengthened his determination to make the best of his 
resources. The courage of such a wife must have been a 
potent factor in making their married life the happy and 
successful one it was. 

Now kindly permit me to say a few words concerning 
this meeting. My kinsmen, we give too little attention to 
the study of our family history, and I fear we underesti- 
mate the value of such an occasion as this. We cannot 
meet here to-day without being the better for it. Every 

48 



reunion of this character will strengfthen the bond of re- 
lationship which has bound us tot^ether, increase our own 
self-respect, and our respect for each other. It will bring 
us to a realization of what our ancestors have entrusted 
to our keeping, and make us more keenly conscious of 
our responsibilities to those who will follow us. Such 
occasions make us better men and women, — indeed better 
citizens. In general we cannot all be specialists in the 
same line, but in this line we can. Let us each one re- 
solve to-day to become an authority on the history of our 
family tree. It will be to our personal gain to do so. 

There is with us to-day one to whom we owe an ex- 
pression of gratitude. It is to our highly esteemed Chair- 
man, Wm. M. Hayes, Esq., to whose deep and unselfish 
interest in the Hayes clan this grand event is due. 

I am extremely thankful that it is my birthright privi- 
lege to be with you to-day, and I hope and trust that this 
is but one of many similar occasions at which it will be our 
privilege to meet again. 



49 



ADDRESS BY MILTON JACKSON. 



jjrfllY father, Job Hayes Jackson, late of West Grove, 
fjlj^ Chester County, was the youngest of the thirteen 
children of Thomas and Mary Hayes Jackson. These 
were all born upon the portion of the Henry Hayes farm 
situated immediately north of the Unionville High School. 
It is recorded that two of my Jackson ancestors, Jonathan 
and Thomas, married two of my Hayes ancestors, each 
named Mary. And so it came to pass that the Henry 
Hayes farm was divided, and the portion occupied since, 
to the present day, was deeded to my ancestor, Thomas 
Jackson, who had previously for a short time since his 
immigration resided in New Garden. 

Thomas Jackson removed to New Garden from Mount 
Mellick. Ireland, where he had married Ann Man, by 
Friends' ceremony. His home in England was upon the 
Jackson homestead, "Kiln Bank," in Seathwaite, Lan- 
cashire, upon the river Duddon, not so far from Ulverston 
and the home of George Fox and the ruins of Furness 
Abbey. Kiln Bank is at present owned and occupied by 
Mathew Allason Jackson Dickinson, Esq., a barrister, and 
his interesting family. The poet Wordsworth has left a 
number of verses in connection with views and stories of 
the Duddon. Records preserved by the vicars of the 
neighboring churches, Seathwaite and Ulpha, show 
the births, marriages and deaths of many of the Jackson 
name, and as well of other names with which we here are 
familiar. 

In this vicinity, but a little further down the valley, lies 
the scene of much of the preaching of George Fox, under 
protection of the Fells of Swarthmoor Hall. The locality 

50 



is easily accessible, being a portion of England's Lake 
District. Its natural beauty, its placid lakes, its rugged 
hills, its historic associations, all merit the consideration 
of the American tourist. Many gathered here to-day at 
this family reunion may see upon the tombstones in the 
graveyards there the familiar names that show where our 
ancestors lie buried. 



51 



ADDRESS BY THOMAS HAYES WINDLE. 



rfi]|HEN I attempt to speak to an audience, I am always 
\im reminded of tlie story of the young man at his 
wife's funeral. When told there was a shortage of 
conveyances and that he would have to ride with his 
mother-in-law, his reply was, he could do it if he had to, 
but he thought it would mar very much the pleasure of 
the occasion. If I should say anything on this occasion 
in speaking of my relatives, the Hayeses, that may mar 
your feelings, I hope you will pardon me. 

I am a direct descendant of Henry Hayes on my 
mother's side. My branch of the family, as I remember 
them, and my memory runs back at least three score and 
ten years, is that they were a remarkable and in some 
respects a very peculiar people. They were remarkable 
for robust constitutions, physical strength, and great 
longevity. My grandfather (Thomas the 2nd) had thir- 
teen children. The first died in infancy; none of the re- 
maining twelve died under the age of fifty ; and several 
lived beyond eighty years ; and what I have said of this 
family's physical conditions will apply equally to all the 
preceding generations. Therefore, if any constitutional 
weaknesses have become the lot of any of the Hayeses of 
the present day or their descendants, it cannot be charged 
with any degree of fairness to our forefathers. 

They were peculiar because they said or did things not 
common to other people; but these sayings and doings 
showed an aptness and wit, with sometimes a moral, that 
could generally be approved. I will relate some of the 
peculiarities as I remember them: 

Seth, a son of Thomas the 2nd. and an uncle of mine, 




Kitchen of old Thomas Hayes House, near Unionville. (See page 59 ) 



courted a young woman ; and on the day appointed for 
their marriage, drove up in front of the residence of his 
intended, in what was called a gig; and as she came forth 
properly attired for the occasion, she discovered she had 
forgotten her gloves, and as she turned to go into the 
house for them, she remarked, — "If I thought we would 
get along no better than my sister and her husband, i 
would not take this step to-day." Seth replied, "Now is 
a very good time to think about it," turned the gig around 
and drove home, and neither of them was e^er married. 

Esther, a sister of Seth, was relating something on one 
occasion that had been told her, when her daughter Susan 
suggested to her that that was a secret. Her reply wa?, 
if people have secrets they had better keep them to them- 
selves, for she was not going to be burdened with secrets. 
On another occasion she was deploring the fact of people 
becoming angered and not speaking to each other. She 
pronounced it wrong and sinful, and said she would speak 
to the Devil if she met him. Her daughter asked her 
what she would say to him. She replied, — "I would say, — 
'Satan, get thee behind me.' " 

Our ancestors were very strong mentally. So far as I 
know or have been able to learn, insanity or mental weak- 
ness was unknown amongst them. The early Hayeses 
were not bald-headed, but had full heads of hair and re- 
markably good teeth, and these are further evidences of 
their good physical constitutions. The Hayeses generally 
were a prolific people and carried out the Roosevelt idea 
of large families. Henry, the immigrant, had sixteen 
children ; Samuel, a grandson, had thirteen, and Thomas 
the 2nd, a great-grandson, had thirteen. The latter was 
my grandfather. 

Another fact of interest is that one branch of the 
Hayeses is connected with the family of the great English 
novelist, Daniel Defoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe." 
My ancestor, Samuel Hayes, a son of Thomas and grand- 

53 



son of Henry, married Elizabeth Job. Her mother, also 
named Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Job, of Cecil County, 
Md., was a sister of Defoe. This will be especially inter- 
esting to the descendants of this Samuel and Elizabeth 
Hayes, many of whom are here to-day, the Harry's, Ash's,. 
Doan's, Windle's and others. 



54 



ADDRESS BY JAMES A. HAYES. 



rnR. PRESIDENT, LADIES AND GENTLE- 
[|jy MEN: — It affords me unusual pleasure to 
meet so many relatives and kin-folk for the 
first time, and upon this happy occasion, the reunion 
of the Hayes family in memory of and to do honor 
to our worthy ancestor, Henry Hayes. I have been 
greatly instructed at what I have heard. The reports, 
reaching so far back and coming step by step with such 
regularity and without any missing link, leave no doubt 
of our inheritance, and we cannot but feel proud and 
grateful that we are the sons of such an honored sire. To 
trace an ancestry where that dreaded of all diseases, in- 
sanity, is eliminated and wholly unknown, and where the 
strength of mind, body and estate is beyond the average 
family to enjoy, we are not ashamed to have the record 
brought in detail down to the border line of the living 
members. Beyond that it is never safe to go. 

I have brought with me a relic of the branch of the 
Hayes family to which I belong, an heirloom in the shape 
of a silver pitcher which bears the date of 1810 and the 
name of John Hayes, Esq., who was cashier of the Bank 
of Delaware, Wilmington, and who was presented with 
this pitcher by the stockholders of the bank as an evi- 
dence of their regard for him and appreciation of his ser- 
vices. John Hayes was my great-grandfather, who mar- 
ried Rachael Hall, a Quaker preacher. His son Stephen 
was my grandfather, who was the owner of Elk Forge, in 
Cecil County, Maryland, up to the time of his early death. 
My father, George Hayes, moved from Cecil County to 
Harford County, Md., where he married my mother, Md.v- 



33 



garet Silver. He was a teacher, and for some time Judge 
of the Orphans' Court of Harford County. He died some 
years ago in his eighty-seventh year. 

Permit me to say in conclusion, this is the first family 
reunion I have ever attended, and I feel grateful to the 
energetic projectors for the opportunity they have afford- 
ed me. I did not expect to make an address and thought 
I would merely introduce the silver pitcher, but I find the 
pitcher has been the means of introducing me. 



56 



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'S,*?/!' ■"•-£ H9iio«o<r-tnwiv i"M 




THE OLD HAYES TRACT. 
Address by J. Carroll Hayes. 



m 



HILE working over the old deeds and records con- 
nected with our ancestors, it occurred to me that a 
detailed draft of the Henry Hayes tract, upon 
which we are now gathered, would be of interest to his 
descendants here to-day. I accordingly prepared such a 
draft from old deeds and other sources, for your inspec- 
tion. 

As you will see, the land which our ancestor took up in 
the virgin forest lay between the original north line of 
Marlborough Township and the land of the Free Society 
of Traders, which latter was afterwards purchased by 
Nathaniel Newlin and erected into Newlin Township. In 
some of the early records the Hayes tract is descriloed as 
being in Bensalem Township, but no such township was 
ever organized, and the lines of Marlborough Township 
were afterwards extended to include this wedge-shaped 
district. When Marlborough Township was later divid- 
ed, the Hayes tract fell into East Marlborough. 

The first or eastern portion of the tract taken up by our 
ancestor contained 600 acres, and was surveyed to him 
May 24th, 1706, by virtue of a warrant dated January 
28th, 1705-6. The second portion of 530 acres adjoined 
the other upon the west, and was surveyed June 30th, 
1713. The dividing line, as will be seen, ran in a broken 
line nearly northeast. 

It is interesting to observe how evenly Henry Hayes 
divided this great tract among his sons. With a single 
exception the deeds from him and his wife Rachel to the 

57 



various sons call for 177 acres each, he himself retaining 
the same quantity for his own homestead. William, 
Joseph and Richard received their lands in 1729, Thomas 
in 1732. and Stephen in 1736. A tract of 1 1 1 acres in the 
northern part had previously, in 1724, been conveyed to 
Joshua Johnson, later coming into the ownership of David 
Hayes, and now belonging to Lydia and Ann Jackson. 

Upon the extreme eastern edge of the Henry Hayes 
tract the village of Unionville gradually grew up. Less 
than half a mile north of the village was the homestead of 
our common ancestor. 

From Unionville running northwest is the old Doe Run 
road, or the "Great Road" as it is described in some of 
the early deeds. It is wide and straight, running with al- 
most the directness of a Roman road, as is the wont of 
many of our older highways, and it divided the Henry 
Hayes tract almost exactly into half. A short distance 
north of it are traces of what was perhaps a still older 
road, now disused, that curved to the south as it ap- 
proached Unionville. Some of the old deeds mention it 
as a boundary of several of the farm tracts. 

In preparation for this meeting, my brother, John Rus- 
sell Hayes, and I made an antiquarian tour through this 
original Henry Hayes tract, visiting the old houses, inter- 
viewing their owners, and searching among the early 
deeds and other papers in the old musty garrets. It was 
a quest full of interesting experiences. 

The most important of our discoveries was the site of 
the original loghouse of Henry Hayes, the immigrant. 
As already seen, the part of the original 11 30 acre tract 
which he retained for himself and owned till his death, 
was the portion lying in the northeast corner, containing 
177 acres. It was on this tract, therefore, that we ex- 
pected to find the original home of our ancestor. 

This homestead was, after his death, bought by 
Jonathan Jackson, whose descendants intermarried with 




'robable Site of old Henry Hayes Log House, near Unionville. (with present owner. Henry Jactcson.) 



those of Henry Hayes, and part of it has remained in the 
Jackson family ever since. 

We were rewarded by learning- from Henry Jackson, 
the present owner, that some years ago, in plowing, de- 
cayed logs had been discovered in a field just below his 
house, evidently the remains of an old log cabin. The 
site is close to a spring (as houses were generally loca- 
ted in those days) at the head of the little stream that 
flows down through Unionville. Our informant told us, 
moreover, of a tradition in his family that the old Hayes 
house was upon this farm. There can be little doubt, 
then, that here was the primitive home which our pioneer 
ancestor built for himself in the wilds of the frontier, and 
where he reared the family that was to number so many 
and to spread so far in the days to come. It was indeed 
an interesting spot at which to linger with such thoughts 
and memories to kindle the imagination. 

The only part of the original 1130 acre tract that has 
remained in the Hayes name was the portion given by 
Henry to his son Thomas. Its present owner is Job 
Hayes, and the old stone house which he occupies, a half 
mile west of Unionville, was probably built by Thomas 
Hayes. It is doubtless the oldest building now standing 
upon the original Hayes tract, and contains the huge 
lire-places and the oak-timbered garret of the days of our 
forefathers. 

Probably the earliest traditions handed down in the 
Hayes family relate to Samuel, a son of this Thomas 
Hayes. He was a man of unusual dimensions, and inci- 
dents are related among his descendants, that would in- 
dicate an appetite of corresponding size. It is told how 
he would go to the spring, upon occasion, and drink an 
entire crock of cream ; and upon being called to account 
by the housewife, would admit the soft impeachment, 
pleading that he did it "to nourish his body." It is also 
told that he would eat enough before attending the Court 

59 



at Chester, some twenty-five miles distant, to which he 
journeyed afoot, to sustain him until his return home. 

A great-grandson of this Samuel Hayes, Henry H. 
Hayes, of West Chester, a man now of eighty-seven 
years, remembers as a boy seeing his aged ancestor heav- 
ing logs with a crow-bar into the great kitchen fire-place, 
and also greasing his boots and setting them on the fence 
to dry. He remembers, too, how methodically he would 
undress, folding up each article of clothing and piling 
them on a chair, topping all off with his hat. It is inter- 
esting and rather remarkable that there should be anyone 
living who can personally remember a grandson of the 
original Henry Hayes. 

Another interesting incident of a personal nature that 
is recorded, relates to Stephen Hayes, son of Henry, and 
to his kinsman Thomas Jackson. By the Minutes of New 
Garden Monthly Meeting of Friends of 12th Month 22nd, 
1734-5, the Meeting was informed "yt Thomas Jackson 
Junr. went a Long with Stephen Hayes when he went and 
gott married by ye priest." 

Among the oldest heirlooms, probably, in the family, 
are an ancestral clock and desk, which have remained dur- 
ing five generations at the old Mordecai Hayes home- 
stead, in Newlin Township, where my family and T have 
our summer home. These articles were willed by this 
Mordecai Hayes to his son Mordecai, and by him to his 
son Jacob, who was my grandfather, and by him be- 
queathed to me. The clock is of the tall "grandfather" 
variety and has but one hand, the hour hand. The sec- 
tions between the hour marks are accordingly divided 
into halves and quarters, instead of into fifths, for min- 
utes, as in modern clocks. In those more leisurelv davs 
of old minutes evidently were taken little account of. An 
expert on old clocks has declared that this one was prob- 
ably made in England, and it is stated in works on the 
subject that this single-hand type was the earliest of the 

60 




Garret of old Thomas Haves House, near Unionville. 



tall clocks, the first ones being made in the time of 
Charles II. It is possible, therefore, that this one was 
brought from England by Henry Hayes himself. 

The tract which our pioneer ancestor took up in the 
New World lies on a broad ridge forming a watershed 
between the waters of the Red Clay Creek, and those of 
the Brandyw'ine Creek, famed for its beauty and its his- 
toric associations. This highland region forms part of 
the backbone of central Chester County. From this an- 
cient upland home of the family we see, as we look back 
in time, the sons and descendants of the original settler 
going down and spreading in many different directions, 
planting new homes and rearing families of their own, till 
their numbers have mounted to a score of thousands, scat- 
tered through a dozen States. Is it not an interesting 
and an impressive picture to contemplate? On its own 
small scale it might be likened to the great migration and 
dispersal of the Aryan race from their primitive highland 
home in southwestern Asia. If a true history could be 
written of this lesser migration of our kindred, what a 
fascination it would have for us now! 



6i 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH HAYES AND HIS 
DESCENDANTS. 

By Miss Anne P. Burkham. 



D 



N the beautiful and fertile valley of the Miami, 
not far from the banks of the Ohio River, 
across which the calm Kentucky hills stand 
sentinel, is the secluded little family burying ground, 
long since disused, and known as the "Pioneer 
Burying Ground." In this beautiful and quiet spot, 
where the wild rose runs riot, and the flaming yellow 
of the wild lily gleams through the dense shade of the 
interlacing trees, lie the bodies of Captain Joseph Hayes 
and Joanna Passmore Hayes, his wife; their son, Lieut. 
Solomon Hayes and Mary Craig Hayes, his wife ; and 
other sons and daughters, the pioneer members of the 
Hayes family in the West, who over a century ago left the 
cultivated and peaceful fields of Pennsylvania, to cast 
their lot with the great and then unknown West, a coun- 
try of whose fertility wonderful tales were told, but which 
yet loomed vague and full of dread, for the red man had 
not been wholly driven out and still made his terrible 
presence felt. 

Captain Joseph Hayes was the fourth son of Joseph 
Hayes and Jean Woodward* (who were married August 

*Richard Woodward (grandfather of Jean Woodward) was of Eng- 
lish descent, was settled in Chester County, Penna., in 1687. Was 
born about 1636, died in 1706. His wife's first name was Jane. 

(Genealogy of the Woodward Family.) 

He was no doubt the Richard Woodward who married Jane Petty, 
September loth, 1674. (See Register Charter House Chapel, England.) 

62 



26th, 172^). He was born in Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1732, and according to the record of the Old 
Swedes' Church, in Wilmington, Delaware, was married 
Aug. 1 2th, 1753, to Joanna (sometimes spelt Hannah) 
Passmoref (born Feb. nth, 1733). 

Of Capt. Joseph Hayes's early life we have few details. 
He spent his youth and early manhood in Chester County. 
On July 2nd, 1756, he purchased from his brother Isaac 
106 acres on the Brandywine River, in Newlin Township, 
a part of the 400 acres which had belonged to their father. 
Later he purchased 128 more acres and was taxable until 
after the Revolution. In 1779 he was assessed w^ith 200 
acres, 2 horses, 4 cattle and 10 sheep. He was a member 
of the London Grove Meeting House (a branch of the 
New Garden Monthly Meeting), luit we fear not a very 
good one, as his fiery temper and independent nature 
seem to have brought him into trouble more than once 
with those peace-loving people. On Aug. i, 1754, we 
find complaint was brought against him because of his 
marriage by a priest or minister, but later he produced 
an acknowledgment to the Monthly Meeting, which was 
accepted, and he continued in membership for some time. 
In 1 76 1, however, he was denounced by the Monthly 
Meeting for "striking John Smith in a passion, and not 
being willing to confess himself in the wrong," and from 
that time he severed his connection with the Friends. 



His son Richard Woodward II married first, Esther Davis in 1695, 
second Deborah Stanfield in 1701. By one of these wives he had a 
daughter Jean, who married Joseph Hayes in 1727. 

fThomas Passmore (o-reat grandfather of Joanna Passmore ), liv- 
ing in England in 1610, married Margery Ball and was the father of 
John Passmore. John Passmore married Mary Buxcey (daughter of 
Humphrey Buxcey). He lived in the parish of Hurst in Berkshire, 
England, where his son William was born Nov. i6th, 1703. John 
Passmore and family came to Chester County, Penna., prior to 1718. 
His son William married Mary Heald (daughter of John Heald), 
March 4th, 1724. Their daughter Joanna (Hannah) married Joseph 
Hayes Feb. nth, 1733. 

63 



When the Revolution broke out, the fire of patriotism 
burned brightly in his bosom, and he found a more 
worthy cause on which to expend his fighting propen- 
sities. On August 28th, 1776, he mortgaged his lands in 
Newlin Township (2 farms), for 574 pounds, and the tradi- 
tion in the family is that at his own expense he equipped 
a company of cavalry, of which he was captain, and gave 
his services to his country, being for a time under the 
command of General Otho Williams. At the close of the 
Revolution he was paid by the Government for his ser- 
vices, in Continental money, which, having no value, 
ruined him financially, and on April 30th, 1785, his lands 
were sold by the sheriff in foreclosure of the mortgage, 
which he was unable to meet. His property gone, his 
fighting days over, there seemed no longer a place for him 
in the land of his birth, so hoping that the new and untried 
West might hold some fortune for him, he decided to join 
the tide of emigration which was sweeping westward. 

In 1 79 1 Capt. Joseph Hayes and his wife, Joanna, with 
their sons. Job and Joseph, Jr., and their wives and chil- 
dren ; their daughters, Pricilla (wife of Thomas Miller), 
and Joanna (wife of James Bennett), left their home in 
Pennsylvania, and after a long and tedious journey 
reached Red Stone Old Fort. Here the little cavalcade 
stopped for a short time and here there was born to Job 
Hayes and Beulah Tussig, his wife, a son James. They 
embarked on the Monongahela River and floated down 
the Ohio until they reached the mouth of the Great 
Miami, but they had not been long in their new abode — 
it could not yet be called a home — when the joy at the 
thought that the long, dangerous journey was at an end, 
changed into sorrow at the death of Capt. Joseph's son 
Job. Three months after his death a posthumous son. 
Job, Jr., was born. 

At the place still known as Hayes Point they cleared 
the land, built houses and cultivated the ground. Here, 

64 



a few years later, Joseph Hayes, Jr., Thomas Miller and 
Josiah Post bought the first tract of land purchased of the 
United States in the State of Indiana, for $2635.03. This 
tract, with the addition of over 4000 acres, is now owned 
by the fourth and fifth generation of the Hayes family. 

The first few years of these brave pioneers in the new 
land must have been full of privations and perils. There 
were no friends and homes awaiting, nothing but an un- 
tried and sublime faith in this new country, where the 
trees had to be felled and chopped before the simple 
homes could be built of logs in the form of block houses, 
as a protection from the dreaded Indians who were al- 
ways lurking near. From 1793 to 1795 a battalion or 
troops was stationed on the right bank of the Great 
Miami, a mile and a half from its mouth, to guard these 
exposed settlements, and for years the ruins of the old 
powder house could be seen. But in spite of the protec- 
tion of garrison and troops the savages often crept in and 
murdered the settlers, or stole horses and cattle, and the 
smallest child was taught to be constantly on the watch 
against the common foe. Pricilla Miller, Captain 
Joseph's daughter, was one day alone in her little house, 
when a slight sound attracted her attention; the primitive 
doors were made of two heavy pieces of wood fastened 
together, and a circular opening was left so that the hand 
could be slipped through to lift the latch, which was on 
the inside. To her horror she saw an Indian's hand 
stealthily slipping through, to raise the latch and effect an 
entrance. Pioneer women could not afford to be timor- 
ous or faint-hearted, so without a moment's hesitation 
she caught up the ax, which was always kept in the house, 
and struck the fingers from the latch, and the Indian, 
doubtless thinking the house well guarded, silently re- 
treated. 

Captain Joseph was a mighty hunter and spent days 
roaming over the country, armed with his unerring rifle, 

65 



with an eye open for the Indians and the other on the 
alert for deer, bears and elk, which formed a welcome ad- 
dition to the simple household fare. He used to say that 
he always took his pick from a drove of deer, and would 
never kill a doe, nor more than was necessary for their 
present use. 

Mr. Morrison, in his History of the Hayes Family, says: 
"Captain Hayes in the early part of the summer of 1796 
killed a very large buck elk, with towering" head of horns, 
on the next branch west of Double Lick Run, which 
branch has ever since gone by the name of Elk Run. On 
the next day after killing the elk, there was preaching 
in one of the houses, and after the services were over 
Joanna Passmore Hayes rose and said : 'People, all ye 
that want fresh meat, come to our house, for father has 
killed an elephant.' Be it elk or elephant, it shows what 
kindness and unity existed in those early days. If one 
among them killed deer, beef or sheep, or caught a lot of 
fish, all would be divided among the other neighbors." 

In this new country Captain Hayes found a new life 
opening up for him and here he lived to a ripe old age, 
dying in 1812 at eighty, after seeing his sons, grandsons 
and great-grandsons grow up about him. He and his 
wife made themselves a power in the land of their 
adoption, and were loved and esteemed by all. Their 
home was always open to the traveller and the wayfarer, 
and hospitality reigned at their board. It was at their 
house that the first Methodist Church in Indiana was or- 
ganized, and almost from the beginning school was 
taught in the Hayes, Miller and Guard settlement. 
"Somewhat subsequent to 1793 and prior to 1796 school 
was taught at the station of Captain Hayes by Isaac Polk, 
who was the first school teacher in that part of the coun- 
try. He was known far and wide as Master Polk, was a 
fine scribe, and a man of unusual learning." 

The industry and perseverance of these early settlers 

66 




JACOB HAYES, of Lawrenceburg, Ind., son of 
Solomon, son of Captain Joseph, son of Joseph, 
son of Henry. 



were rewarded with success, and wealth crowned their 
efforts. Tales of the prosperity of the transjjlanted 
branch of the family, travelling back to Pennsylvania, 
other members decided to join them. In September, 
1801, John and Joseph Hayes, sons of Solomon Hayes 
and grandsons of Captain Joseph, came out from Chester 
County, and two years later their father and mother, 
Solomon and Mary Hayes, with their sons. Walter, Jacob 
and Henry, and their daughters, Rebecca, Phoebe and 
Jane, also joined the colony in the West. 

Solomon Hayes, eldest son of Captain Joseph Hayes 
and Joanna Passmore Hayes, was born in Chester County 
in 1755, was married Aug. 15th, 1776, to Mary Craig 
(b. Jan. 4th, 1754,) daughter of Walter Craig. Pie passed 
his earlier years in Chester County and was assessed in 
Newlin Township in 1779 with 100 acres of land, two 
horses, two cattle and six sheep. During the Revolution 
he, like his father, gave his services to his country, and 
was second lieutenant, second company, first battalion, 
under Colonel Hannan, 1777-78, and after the Revolution 
he appears to have occupied the farm of 105 acres belong- 
ing to his father, until 1785. When in 1803 Solomon 
Hayes decided to go West to join his parents, brothers, 
sisters and two sons who had preceded him, it must have 
been with a heavy heart that Mary Craig looked her last 
upon those dear hills of Chester County, and bade fare- 
well to her father. Tearing herself from his embrace she 
followed her husband and children upon the journey to 
the other loved ones in the West. But ere they had gone 
far, they reached a point where two roads met, and there 
she once more saw her father who had reached them by a 
shorter cut, mounted on one of his finest horses. He ac- 
companied them for some distance on the journey, and 
when he finally left them he presented the horse to his 
daughter that she might have another connecting link be- 
tween the old and the new home. This horse became a 

67 



valued member of the family, and his descendants were in 
the family for several generations. 

Solomon Hayes died in Dearborn County, Indiana, 
in 1816, but his wife lived until 1842, and after her hus- 
band's death made her home with her son, Joseph Hayes, 
and his family. In her later years she loved to live over 
her early days in her beloved Chester County, and to 
dwell upon the stirring times of the Revolution. One of 
her grandsons still remembers sitting at her feet before 
the glowing fire and having his childish heart stirred by 
tales of those thrilling days. She told of the weary hours 
she spent during the Battle of Brandywine, in which her 
husband and father-in-law were both engaged; of being 
awakened by the endless tramp, tramp, of the soldiers as 
they marched by during the dead watches of the night ; of 
going to the well in the morning, only to find the soldiers 
had emptied it quite dry to satisfy their own and their 
horses' thirst ; of being able to tell whether it was friend 
or foe who had passed so near them, for when the soldiers 
were Americans the ground was often stained with blood 
from their poorly shod feet. Mary Craig Hayes was a 
woman of remarkably fine mind and beautiful presence, 
and there are those still living who remember her gracious 
personality. 

The descendants of Captain Joseph Hayes, now num- 
bering thousands, are scattered from New York to Colo- 
rado, and from the northern lakes to Florida. Among 
them have been men of great intellect and strong char- 
acter who have made themselves a power in their com- 
munity. Fifty years after Captain Joseph Hayes settled 
in Dearborn County there were no men in Southeastern 
Indiana who, for influence, integrity and financial power, 
stood higher than his grandsons. Job, Levi and Thomas 
Miller; Abiah, Enoch, Joseph, Walter and Jacob Hayes; 
and their descendants still own nearly all the rich lands in 
the beautiful valley which their ancestors chose for a 

home. 

68 




WALTER C. HA YES, of Lawrenceburg. Ind.. 
son of Solomon, son of Captain Joseph, son of 
Joseph, son of Henry. 



"Walter Craig Hayes, son of Solomon and Mary Craig 
Hayes, was born in Chester County, Penna., Oct. loth, 
1789. On April 13th, 181 5, he married his cousin Nancy, 
daughter of Joseph, Jr., and Mary Hayes, by whom he 
had eleven children, only four of whom lived to maturity. 
Walter C. Hayes was a thrifty, prosperous farmer, a river 
trader, a railroad promoter, and a bank director for thirty- 
three years. He was a quiet man, with frugal tastes and 
strict temperance habits, an ardent Methodist, and a 
liberal contributor to the cause of education. He died 
Dec. 22nd, 1867. His wife, Nancy Hayes, who was born 
April 22nd, 1797, and died July i8th, 1855, is still praised 
by those who have known her tender care in the hours of 
sickness." 



"Jacob Hayes, son of Solomon and Mary Craig Hayes, 
and grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was born in Chester 
County, Penna., Jan. 8th, 1791. He came West with his 
father, mother, brothers and sisters in 1804. He was 
married three times: ist, to Sallie Bennett; 2nd, in 1823, 
to Nancy Hayes, daughter of Abiah and Anne Hayes ; 
3rd, in 1828, to Leah Hayes, daughter of Caleb Hayes. 
Jacob Hayes was one of the first pioneers, and with an ac- 
tive mind and keen business ability, and by his skilful 
farming and river trading he amassed a large fortune. 
He was prominent in the Lawrenceburg Insurance Co.. 
and also in the branch of the State Bank of Indiana. He 
was very charitable to the poor, and ever ready to help in 
time of need. He was blind for eighteen years before his 
death, which occurred Feb. 25th, 1874." 



"Abiah Hayes, son of Enoch Hayes (who never came 
West), and grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was born 
Dec. i8th, 1780. in Washington County, JPenna., where 
he resided until his twentieth year, when he came West 
and invested his all in a few acres of land, where he reared 

69 



his little cabin. By his thrift and good judgment he 
amassed a little money and engaged in river trading. He 
made thirty-three trading voyages to New Orleans; six- 
teen times he returned on foot through the Indian na- 
tions, and once he went around by sea with his cargo,, 
which he disposed of at Norfolk, Va., and Alexandria and 
Georgetown, D. C. He was drafted during the War of 
1812, and belonged to what was known as the Rangers. 
He amassed a large fortune and at fifty years was the rich- 
est man in Dearborn County, Indiana. He was cool and 
collected, meditated much, conversed sparingly, and 
never allowed himself to be carried away by passion. He 
lost his eyesight eight years before his death, which took 
place July 27th, 1850." 



In 1858 Joseph Hayes III (son of Solomon Hayes and 
grandson of Capt. Joseph Hayes), and Nancy Billingsley, 
his wife, wrote their autobiographies at the request of Mr. 
Samuel Morrison. Mr. Morrison, a learned and culti- 
vated gentleman, found time, amidst the cares of an un- 
usually busy and useful life, to gather together the 
ravelled and tangled threads of the past, and to him the 
present generation owes much. These autobiographies 
are particularly valuable, as they give a perfect picture of 
early pioneer life in Indiana, and are now in the pos- 
session of Colonel Ezra G. Hayes, of Lawrenceburg, In- 
diana, through whose kindness the following extracts are 
given : 

Extracts from Autobiography of Joseph Hayes III, 
written in 1858: 

"I was born in Chester County, Pa., ten miles west of 
the town of West Chester, July 31st, 1786. I worked for 
my father, Solomon Hayes, on the farm, until my fifteenth 
year, when my oldest brother, John Hayes, told me that 
where my grandfather and grandmother and four of my 
uncles lived, out in the 'Far West,' was a great country 

70 




lOSEPH HA YES, III, 
( Portrait in possession of Mr. C. B. Burkham. Cincinnati, O.) 



with a rich and fertile soil, where they could raise as much 
grain again to the acre, and with half the labor, as in 
Chester County, and that he was determined on going 
West to try his fortune and if I would leave my parents 
and go with him he would pay my expenses. * * * j 
hated the thought of going and leaving my parents. Then 
I reflected that they were poor, and if 1 still remained 
here tilling the poor hills of Chester County, in all prob- 
ability they would never be any better off and would never 
be able to give me any more schooling. With these re- 
flections, and' with the thought of seeing my good old 
grandparents, who would give me a home as soon as I 
arrived there, I resolved to go. So one evening I packed 
up some clothing and hid the bundle in an apple tree in 
the orchard, and when morning came we set out early on 
foot. * * * We passed through Lancaster, then 
Harrisburg, where we crossed the Susquehanna River on 
a ferry, there being no bridge at that time. The next 
place of importance was Chambersburg. * * * After 
a tedious and wearisome journey of seven days we 
reached 'Red Stone Old Fort' on the Monongahela 
River. Here we tarried for two weeks. * * * Here 
my brother and another man ♦ * * bought a canoe 
in which we embarked our little all on the peaceful waters 
of the Monongahela. There were but few settlements 
and we would be for two days without seeing a house 
along its banks. When night came on we lay down in 
our canoe and slept while it floated along. When it 
would float to the shore, which it frequently did, one of 
our party would get up and shove out in the stream. * 
* * There was a few houses only at the place Avhere 
the city of Pittsburg was afterwards built, and here we 
entered the Ohio. From here down the river to our des- 
tination there were but few settlements. The first we 
came to was Wheeling, then Marietta. * * * 'Yhe 
river was alive with water fowl of every description, es- 

71 



pecially ducks. * * * Then again the howl of a wolf 
would break in on the monotonous cry of the ducks, or 
the hooting of the owls. After passing Marietta and 
Fort Harmar, there was here and there a house on the 
Virginia side ; the journey was lonely in the extreme ; even 
the Hying of the bald eagles, blue cranes and numerous 
flocks of wild pigeons, which seemed to pass over like 
clouds, was a relief to our loneliness. The solemn old 
forest lined the river banks on both sides, as far as the 
highlands, then willows to the water's edge. * * * 
There were a few houses or rather cabins at the mouth of 
the great Kanawha River, then at the mouth of the Big 
Sandy; none on the north or Ohio side. * * * The 
country * * * ^as wild, romantic and dreary. * 

* * We would occasionally see flocks of wild turkeys 
and droves of deer. The next settlement was Limestone 
(now Maysville) j * * * here were but a few houses, 
mostly cabins. Next we came to Columbia, at the mouth 
of the Little Miami, quite a lively settlement. We kept 
on and soon arrived in Cincinnati, then a small village * 

* * the first land sale was just over. We proceeded 
on our journey down to the mouth of the Great Miami, 
where we arrived about the 20th of April, 1801. Here we 
left our canoe. * * * After passing over a rich bot- 
tom heavily timbered * * * for two and a half miles, 
we reached the foot of the highlands where we found our 
grandparents who gladly welcomed us to the far off West- 
ern country. Here were Uncle Thomas Miller, James 
Bennett, Uncle Joseph Hayes, Cousin Abiah Hayes and 
wife ; each family had about six to ten acres cleared in 
corn. Of other settlers who lived here in 1801 were the 
Guards, Blies, Gilderests, Henry Harden and family, Wil- 
liam, James, John and several daughters; also Isaac Polk 
and Isaac Mills, Mr. Dunn and family, and Robert Piatt. 

* * * In my first recollection of river trading, all the 
commerce of the Ohio was carried on in canoes, and * 



* * consisted of bear, buffalo, deer, raccoon, fox, 
beaver and otter skins, and bear oil put up in wolf skins. 
These articles would be taken to Cincinnati and ex- 
changed for ammunition, pots, kettles, dishes and such 
articles as early settlers needed, and their wants con- 
formed to their means, for few things answered in early 
times. * * * In the lowlands nearby there had been 
a heavy growth of large nettles, as large as hemp. 
Grandfather gathered it, broke it out as he did hemp, 
and dressed it. Grandmother hackled, spun and wove it 
into linen. * * * Instead of shoes we wore moc- 
casins. Each family was obliged to tan what leather they 
needed and all their deer skins were home dressed, of 
which our moccasins, pantaloons and hunting shirts were 
made; no fine broadcloth, and no other cloth until we 
raised the sheep and made it. * * * In 1803 the 
small-pox spread all over the country to an alarming ex- 
tent. Nearly every family had it. Of our relatives who 
died with it were Mahlon and Pricilla Miller, Jane Hayes, 
Job Hayes and a Mrs. Waldon. Mahlon Hayes had it 
severely. As I had had it, grandmother Hayes kept me 
busy riding around on the old horse, seeing to the neigh- 
bors and carrying them butter, cakes and pies. The first 
field of corn I planted for myself was about ten acres. I 
scratched it over with a plow. I then fixed a little crib in 
the plow in which I placed our first child. I furrowed out 
and my wnfe dropped the corn. At noon she would take 
the child out, go to the house and get dinner; while she 
w^ould be getting dinner I took the hoe and would cover 
the corn. We continued this way until we had finished 
the ten acres. * * * Squirrel hunts were organized 
by choosing two captains and equal numbers on each side, 
and there would be a prize offered to the man who killed 
the most squirrels. Mahlon Brown in one hunt used a 
cross-bow with which he killed over three hundred 
squirrels in one day. This was great sport, besides saving 
the crops in pioneer times." 



Mr. Hayes gives in detail his experience in river trad- 
ing, buying land, raising cattle, and the various other 
ways by which he steadily increased his property. He 
possessed common sense in an unusual degree, and by his 
own labors and good judgment amassed a fortune which 
made him one of the wealthiest men of Dearborn County, 
Intliana. He married in March, 1809, Nancy Billingsley 
(daughter of Thomas Billingsley and Nancy Thurston, his 
wife), who came West from Berkeley County, Virginia, in 
1796, with her parents, and died February 3rd, 1875. 

"In 1834 Joseph and Walter Hayes were directors in 
the first railroad company organized in the State of In- 
diana. They and their brother Jacob helped to organize 
the Branch Bank of the State, and were directors in it. 
From 1812 until age began to encroach on their energies, 
these three brothers were in the front rank of the men 
who were doing things in the vicinity of Lawrenceburg, 
Indiana." 



Descendants of Captain Joseph Hayes. 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH AND JOANNA PASSMORE HAYES had 
eight children. 

1 SOLOMON, md. Mary Crai^. Had ten children. 

2 Jane, md. James Connor and never came West. 

3 Phoebe, md. Thomas Connor and never came West. 

4 Pricilla, b. 1761; d. 1836; md. Tliomas Miller. Had four children. 

5 Joanna, md. James Bennett. Had descendants. 

6 Enoch, md. in Chester County. Never came West. Had four 

children. 

7 Job, md. Beulah Tussig. Had three children. 

8 Joseph, Jr., md. Mary . Had sixteen children. 

I SOLOMON HAYES, eldest son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, was 
born in Chester county, Pa.; died in Dearborn county, Indiana, 
in 1816; .married Aug. 15th, 1776, Mary Craig (dau. of Walter 
and Mary Craig), born Jan. 4th, 1754; died in 1842. They had 
ten children. 

I Hannah, md. her cousin. Banner Connor, in Chester county, 
and never came West. 

74 



2 Rebecca, md. Timothy Guard. Had no children. 

3 Henry, who came West with his father, and later moved to 

Illinois and settled on the "American Bottoms," near St. 
Louis, where he has now many descendants; among them 
men of prominence and distinction. 

4 John, never married; died in Posey county, Indiana. 

5 JOSEPH III, md. Nancy Billingsley. Had twelve children. 

6 Jacob, md. three times, ist, Sally Bennett; 2nd, Nancy Hayes; 

3rd, Leah Hayes. Had ten children. 
Children by ist wife: 
Ephraim. 
Sally. 
Children by 2nd wife: 

Henry, md. Nancy Finch. 

Isaac, md. ist, Elizabeth Finch; 2nd, Eliza Gregg. Had one 
daughter: Nancy, who md. ist, Levi Guard; 2nd, John 
Donman. By her first husband she had a daughter, Car- 
rie, who md. Harry Simms, and had a son and two 
daughters. 
Children by 3rd wife: 

Mary Jane, md. Ezra Guard. 

George Buell, md. Martha Bales; had three children: Jacob; 
Isaac, who md. Sally Hayes; Leah, who md. Mahlon 
McKinney. 
Anne, md. Richard Hunter. 
Edward, md, Jane Neal. 
America, md. James Miller. 
Omar, md. Minerva Colvin. 

7 Nancy, died unmarried. 

8 Phoebe, md. Samuel Freeman. Had children. Descendants 

are living. 

9 Jane, md. Charles Billingsley. Had son Charles, died unmar- 

ried, y^ 

10 Walter Craig, md. Mary Craig. Had eleven children. 

Mary Jane, md. twice, ist, George Blaisdell; 2nd, Warren 
West; by ist husband had three children. Ann, Enoch, 
George; by 2nd husband had three children.: Roxana, 
Mary, Warren. 

James C., imarried twice; ist, Mary Stevens; 2nd. Sarah Sar- 
gent; by 1st wife had four children: Rebecca, Rhoda, Fran- 
cis, Walter Craig; by 2nd wife had five children: Delanah, 
Samuel Morrison, Harry M., Iva B., Thomas Sargent. 

Olive, md. Charles W. Stevens. Had children: Nancy, Wal- 
ter, Isaac. 

Leah, md. Dewitt C. Fitch. Had children: Hannah Virginia, 
Henry, Walter Hayes, Harris Biggs, James Collins, Ada 
Florence, George William, Thomas Allen, Joseph Theo- 
dore. 

Hannah Virginia, dau. of Leah Hayes and Dewitt C. 



X (Q,^^' q^6^ 



75 



Fitch, md. Archibald Shaw, and had children: Ida 
Campbell, Cora Leah, William Dewitt, Harris Fitch, 
Edward Rous, John Archibald, Ellen Margaret, Dewitt 
Clinton 
Jane, 2nd child of Captain Joseph Hayes, md. James Connor and 

never came West. 
Phoebe, 3rd child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Thomas Connor and 

never came West. 
Pricilla, 4th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Thomas Miller. Had 
four children: 

1 Job, md. Sarah Hayes. Had four children: 

Abigail. 
Enoch. 
Eliza. 
Beulah. 

2 Levi, md. . Had two children: 

Levi. 
Mahlon. 

3 Thomas, md. 



4 Beulah, md. David Guard. Had two children: 
Mary, md. Columbus Stevenson. 

Eliza, mid. Daniel Symms Major. Had two children: Caro- 
line, md. Ezra G. Hayes; Josephine, md. Oliver B. Lid- 
dell and had three children: Major, Caroline Olivia, and 
Donald Macy, who married Edith Stabler. 

5 Joanna, 5th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. James Bennett. Had 

descendants. 

6 Enoch, 6th child of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. . Had four chil- 

dren: 

1 Sarah, md. Job Miller. 

2 Abiah, md. Anne Crabtree. Had seven children: 

Silas, md. Rachel . 

Van, md. Margaret Fuller. 

Abiah, md. Mary Tullig. 

Joseph, md. Mary Anne Newton. Had three children: 

Enoch, imd. Anne McCormick; Van, md. Rachel Mason;. 

Molly, md. John Cardon. 
Nancy, md. Jacob Hayes. 
Isabel, md. Squire Watts. 
Elizabeth, md. Willard Whipple. 

3 Enoch, md. . Had four children: 

Moses. 

Van. 

Charles. 

Rebecca, md. Timothy Guard. 

4 Isaac, md. . Had children; among them: 

Bailey. 

Enoch, md. Craig. Had children: Thomas: Sylvia;: 

Minnie, md. Frank Burkham; Grant; Mary; Lee; and 

others. 

76 



Job, 7th son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. Beulah Tussig. Had 
three children: 

1 Sarah, md. Levi Miller. 

2 James, md. Penina Connor (his cousin). Had four children: 

James, md. Minerva Uiff. Had children: i, Erastus, md. 
Roxy West; 2, Lida, md., i, Jacob Young; 2, Jacob Hal- 
lowcll; 3, Kate, md. James Doyle; 4, Flora, md. John 
Brawley; 5, Eva, md. George Heaton. 

Jacob C, md. Mary McCanse. Had six children: i, Harries, 
md. John Childlaw, and had four children: Rebecca, Mat- 
tie, Walter and Edward; 2, William, md. Harriet Guard; 

3,Mahlon, md. Mary Miller; 4, James, md. Dawson; 

5, Job, md. Clara Hallowell; 6, Mary, md. Thomas Mc- 
Kinney. 

Stephan, md. ist, Margaret Rittenhouse; 2nd, Mary Bird- 
sail. Had children, among them: i, Leah, md. Peter 
Becker; 2, Harry, md. Macy McElfresh; 3, Charles, 
md. . 

Eunice, md. Moses B. Wamsley. Had nine children: i, 
Anderson, md. Mary Lewis; 2, Anna; 3, Alvin: 4, Findlay, 
md. Anna Markland; 5, Bartha, md. Otho Lowe; 6, Fan- 
nie, md. James Rittenhouse; 7, Job; 8, Belle, md. Milton 
Lowe; 9, Chalon, md. Anna Stevens. 

3 Job, Jr., md. his cousin, Joanna Hayes. Had ten children: 

Mary. 

Levi M. 

Joseph, md. Sarah Meyers. Had children: Job W.; Enos; 

Alice; Isaac; Joseph G. ; Wilson; Charles. 
Oimer. 
Isaac. 
Martha. 
Sarah. 
Jacob. 
Samuel F. 
Beulah. 

Joseph, Jr., 8th son of Capt. Joseph Hayes, md. ist, Mary ; 

2nd, Mariah Butler Wilson (May 4th, 1817). Had sixteen chil- 
dren; among them: 

1 Rachel, md. Bailey Guard. 

2 Anne (or Nancy), md. Walter Craig Hayes. 

3 Solomon. 

4 Joanna, md. Job Hayes, Jr. 

5 Ruth, md. 1st, Kittle; 2nd, Bosaw. 

6 Samuel. 

7 Josiah. 

8 Eliza Jane. 

9 Amy, md. Clivinger. 

10 Maria Louise, md. Mosby Smith. 

11 Jesse, md. Abigail Bosaw. 

12 Asahel, md. Angeline Wilson. Had two children: 

17 



Angeline, md. Peacock. 

Rhoda, md. Marsh. 

JOSEPH HAYES HI, 5th son of SOLOMON and Mary Craig 
Haves, and grandson of CAPT. JOSEPH HAYES, was born 
in Chester county, Penn., July 31st, 1786; died in Dearborn 
county, Ind., Feb. 3rd, 1875; md., March, 1809, Nancy Bilhngs- 
ley, dau. of Thomas and Nancy (Thurston) Bilhngsley. They 
had twelve children: 

1 Otho, md. Eliza Miller. Had eighteen children; among them: 

Solomon, md. three times. 

Job, md. Sarah Tebow. 

Calvin, md.. ist, Martha Sheldon; 2nd, Mary Christy. 

Ezra, md. Jolly. 

Joseph. 

Otho. 

John. 

Nancy. 

Thomas. 

Hulbert. 

Bailey. 

2 Rachel, b. ; d. 1834; md. Silas Hayes. 

3 Eliza, md. Mahlon Miller. Had seven children. 

4 MARY, md. Elzey G. Burkham. Had nine children. 

5 Solomon, md. Amanda Johnson; died in New Orleans of yel- 

low fever in 1845. 

6 Nancy, md. twice: ist, Charles Jackson; 2nd, Warren West. 

Had four children. 
Children by ist husband: 

Ezra 

Rachel. 
Children by 2nd husband: 

Belle, md. Ezra Hayes. 

Josephine. 

7 Sarah, md. Azall Hayes. No issue. 

8 Hannah, md. Anthony Hulberstadt. Had one child: 

Anthony. 

9 Pricilla, md. Hazel Suit. Had seven children. _ 

10 Ezra, md. twice: ist. Laura Morgan; 2nd, Caroline Major. 
Had nine children, all ty first wife: 

1 Laura, md. Omer Ludlow. Had two children: Laura, 
Frank. 

2 Martha, md. Jasper Garst. Had one child: Inez. 

3 Joseph. 

4 Nancy Hortense, md. Reed Duval. Had two children: 
Andrew, Ezra. 

5 Andrew Scott.-' 

6 Evangeline, md. Jacob Bauer. Had three children: Ezra, 
Laura, Katherine. 

7 Arthur, md. Laura Reif." 

78 



8 Theresa, died in infancy. 

9 Ezra, md. Mabel Fagaty. Had two children: Ezra, 
Mildred. 

11 Joseph, 

12 Buel, twins, died in infancy. 

MARY HAYES, 4th daughter of JOSEPH HAYES HI, and grand- 
daughter of SOLOMON HAYES, and gt. granddaughter of 
CAPT. JOSEPH HAYES, was born in Dearborn county, In.L. 
June 1st, 1815; died April sth, 1856; married March 24th, 1836, 
Elzey G. Burkham (son of Absalom and Mary St. Clair Burk- 
ham), born March ist, 1815; died Feb. 13th, 1888. They had 
nine children: 

1 Annie, md. George Bueli Fitch. Had three children: 

1 Mary Burkham, md. William Davison. Had two chil- 
dren. Annie Laura, md. Dr. Burton Newell of Grand 
Rapids, Michigan. 

Jeanette. 

2 Jeanette, md. Andrew Allen Bonner, of New York. Had 
two children: 

Robert. 

Lawrence Kipp. 

3 Laura, md. Frank Williams, of New York. 

2 Joseph Hayes married twice: ist, Katherine Collins; 2nd, Caro- 

line Collins. Had five children, all by first wife: 

1 Kathleen, md. Septimus George Sullivan. 

2 William Theodore, md. Louise Rammelsburg. Had one 
child: 

Douglas. 

3 Frank, md. Minnie Hayes. Had three children: 
Katherine. 

Mary. 
Robert. 

4 Joseph Kendall, md. Nora Sharon. 

5 Elzey G., md. Blanche Wood Thompson. Had three chil- 
dren: 

Constance. 
Lucie Lloyd. 
Elizabeth. 

3 Charles Bonner, md. Laura Lewis (dau. of Levm Bestbridge 

and Prudence Hobbs Lewis). Had five children: 

1 Emma Mary. 

2 Anne Prudence. 

3 Laura, md. Louis Charlton Fritch. No issue. 

4 Lucie Tousey. 

5 Elsie Grace, md. George Lathrop Williams. 

4 William Dixon, md. Mary Radcliffe. Had children; among 

them: 

Carrie, twice married. One child. 

79 



William. 
Scott. 
Annie. 
John. 
Laura. 
5 Elzey G., md. Harriet Smith. Had four children: 

1 Charles Elzey, died in infancy. 

2 Rotjert. 

3 Mary Hayes. 

4 Elzey G. tt j j t7«: 
6. Cassius Clay, md. twice; ist, Adnenne Hodges; 2nd, t-ttic 

Prouty. Had two children, both by first wife: 

1 Cassius. 

2 Ferdinand. 

7 Mary Sinclair. 

8 Scott. 

9 Frank. Died in infancy. 



8o 



MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE OF WILLIAM. 
OLDEST SON OF HENRY HAYES. 



Whereas William Hayes of the Township of Marlbqrow in the 
County of Chester and Province of Pensilvania and Jane James of 
the same township and County having declared their intentions of 
marriage with each other before several monthly meetings of the 
people of God called Quakers at New Carding in the County afore- 
said according to the good order used amongst them and having 
consent of parents concerned their said proposall of marriage was 
allowed of by the said meetings. 

Now these are to certifie whom it may concern that for the full 
accomplishing of their said intentions this Nineteenth Day of the 
Eleaventh Month in the year of our Lord one thousand seaven hun- 
dred and twenty five six they the said William Hayes and Jane 
James appeared in a Publick Meeting of the said people at London- 
grove in the County aforesaid and the said William Hayes taking the 
said Jane James hy the hand did in solemn manner openly declare 
that he took her the said Jane James to be his wife promising by the 
Lord's assistance to be unto her a loving and faithfull husband until 
death should separate them and then and there in the said assembly 
the said Jane James did in like manner declare that she took the 
said William Hayes to be her husband promising by the Lord's as- 
sistance to be unto him a faithfull and loving wife untill death should 
separate them, and moreover they the said William Hayes & Jane 
James, she according to the custom of marriage assuming the name 
of her husband as a further confarmation thereof did then and there 
to these presents set their hands 

And we whose names are hereunder subscribed being present at 
the solomnization of the said marriage and subscription have as wit- 
nesses thereunto sett our hands the day and year above written. 



Caleb Pusey 
John Smith 
Tho. Jackson 
Caleb Pusey Junr 
Isaac Smith 
Joshua Johnson 
John Jackson 
Tho. Jackson 
Saml. Jackson 
Joseph Taylor 
William Warders 
George Casoner 
William Swaine 



Thomas Wickersham 

Elizabeth Swaine 
Ann Jackson 
Ann Smith 



8i 



William Hayes 
Jane Hayes 



Henry Hayes 
Richard Hays 
Joseph Hayes 
Thomas Hays 
Rachall Hayes 
William Webster 
Sarah Webster 
Hannah James 



LIST OF PERSONS AT THE REUNION WHO 

REGISTERED. 



Eliza Jane (Wood) Armitage, Mendenhall; Charles H. Ash, Coates- 
ville; Mrs. Charles H. Ash, Coatesville; Elva Lulu Ash, Coatesville; 
Marianna Ash, 1225 South 46th St., Philadelphia; George Bailey, Jr., 
Jefferson Hospital, Philadelphia; Mary Borton Bailey, West Chester; 
Mary H. Bailey, West Chester; Sarah H. Bailey, West Chester; Wil- 
liam L. Bailey, West Chester; Jane R. Baker, M. D., Embreeville; 
Caroline T. Burkham, 2,7 West 49th St., New York; Mary Sinclair 
Burkham, sy West 49th St., New York; Louisa E. Harry Caldwell, 
West Chester; Margaret Ann Hayes Carney, Coatesville; Albina 
Hayes Chambers, Unionville; Alfred Hayes Chambers, Unionville; 
Jane Hayes Chrisman, Allentown; Abbie K. Cloud, Kennett Square, 
R. F. D. 3; David E. Cloud, Unionville; William B. Cloud, Union- 
ville; Albert Commons, 1019 West 4th St., Wilmington, Del.; Norris 
Hayes Conner, East Downingtown; Mrs. Solomon Conner, East 
Downingtown; Isabel and Mary Baker Darlington, West Chester; 
Charles F. Doane, Coatesville P. O.; Ellis H. Doan, Coatesville; 
Joseph Ellsworth Doan, Coatesville; Mrs. Joseph Ellsworth Doan, 
Coatesville; Emma Doane Embree, West Chester; Hannah Conner 
Harper, Marshallton; Ada Virginia Harry, 58th and Greenway Ave., 
Philadelphia; Florence Emma Harry, Corinne; Martha Emma Harry, 
Corinne; Maude Ethel Harry, Corinne; Stephen Cloud Harry, 1721 
McCulloh Street, Baltimore, Md.; Thaddeus Worth Harry, Tough- 
kenamon; William Baker Harry, Corinne; Walter Harry, Coates- 
ville; Jacob W. Harvey, Unionville; Jesse B. Harvey, Kennett 
Square, Route 3; Annie J. Hayes, West Chester; Carolien P. Hayes, 
Unionville; Charles A. Hayes, Unionville; Ellen Russell Hayes, West 
Chester; Emma Gawthrop Hayes, Swarthmore; Esther Rachel 
Hayes, Swarthmore; George C. Hayes, Embreeville; George Pass- 
more Hayes, Embreeville; Henry T. Hayes, Chatham P. O.; J. Bor- 
ton Hayes, Moorestown, N. J.; Jacob Carroll Hayes, West Chester; 
James A. Hayes, 608 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia; Jeanett Wnghl 
Hayes, West Chester; John Russell Hayes, Swarthmore; Joseph 
Hayes, 503 West 9th St., Wilmington, Del.; Louella Passmore 
Hayes, West Chester; Maggie J. Hayes, West Chester; Mary Emma 
Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; Mary House Hayes, Unionville; Maymc 
A. Hayes, Embreeville; Rachel H. Hayes, West Chester; S. Lizzie 
Hayes, Embreeville; Susan Hayes, Brandamore; Townsend Seth 
Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; Viola E. Hayes, Cochranville P. O.; W 
J. Hayes, Harrisburg; Wm. M. Hayes, West Chester; Wm. Waldo 



82 



Hayes, Embreeville; Blanch E. Hope, Coatesville; Elma E. Hope, 
Coatesville P. O.; Elma V. S. Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Florence E. 
Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Ralph W, Hope, Coatesville P. O.; William 
T. Hope, Coatesville P. O.; Walter W. Hope, Coatesville P. O.; 
Elizabeth A. Hutton, West Chester, Route 3; Richard W. Hutton, 
West Chester, Route 3; Anna M. Jackson, Unionviile; Annie M. 
Jackson, Unionviile; Arthur C. Jackson, Oak Lane, Philadelphia; 
Edith M. Jackson, West Chester; Edward Schuyler Jackson, Ger- 
mantown, Philadelphia; Florence Lydia Jackson, Unionviile; George 
C. Jackson, West Chester; Henry lluycs Jackson, Unionviile; Mary 
Swayne Jackson Shoemaker, Plainfield, N. J.; Milton Jackson, Oak 
Lane, Philadelphia; Carey Lee Lamborn, 331 North 40th St., Phila- 
delphia; Cecil Berridge Lamborn, Lansdale, Pa.; Katherine Carney 
Lowry, Coatesville; Margaret L. Lowry, Coatesville; Olive H. 
Lowry, Coatesville; Albert Cook Myers, Kennett Square; C. Adrian 
Pennock, Coatesville; Genevieve Louise Pennnck, Coatesville; Sarah 
Louisa Windle Pennock, Coatesville; Lydia H. Perdue, West Ciicster, 
Route 11; Sanmel Harry Perdue, West Chester, Route 11; Charles S. 
Philips, 803 Franklin St.. Wilmington, Del.; William T. Seal, 405 
Wester St., Philadelphia; Louisa P. Spaulding, Kennett Square 
P. O.; Anna Belle Swayne, Kennett Square; W. Marshall Swayne, 
Kennett Square; Hayes Clark Taylor, Doe Run; Albert L. Thomp- 
son, Leonard; Annie Baker Harry Thomson, 528 East 14th St., Ches- 
ter, Pa.; Annie W. Thompson, Darlington, Md. ; Carrie M. Thom- 
son, 528 East 14th St., Chester; Emma L. Thompson, 2029 Spruce 
St., Philadelphia; L Walter Thompson, 4507 Regent St., Pliiladel- 
phia; Martha Brinton Thompson, West Chester; Nellie A. Thomp- 
son, 4507 Regent St., Philadelphia; Samuel S. Thompson, 2029 Spruce 
St., Philadelphia; Stanley C. Thompson, 4507 Regent St., Philadel- 
phia; Otley Vernon, Marshallton, Del.; Mary Pusey Warner, 514 
East Broad St., Chester; Sidney Ellen Warner, 1316 Spruce St., 
Philadelphia; Berenice Wickersham, Kennett Square P. O.; C. Fre- 
mont Wickersham, Embreeville P. O.; Ella P. Wickersham, Union- 
viile; Emma J. Wickersham, Unionviile; Milton J. Wickersham, 
Unionviile; Milton J. Wickersham, Kennett Square P. O.; Laura J. 
Williamson, 1907 Market St., Wilmington, Del.; Marian P. Windle, 
Coatesville; Laura E. Woodward, West Chester; Annie R. W. Yoder, 
325 Felton St., Philadelphia; Anna Estella Windle Young, Coates- 
ville; E. Maude Windle Young, Coatesville; Schwa Doan Young, 
Coatesville. 



83 



INDEX. 



Ash, 


Chas, H, 5. 


Blaisdell, 


Anne, 75. 


Askew, 


Mabel, 19. 




Enoch, 75. 


Bailey, 


Ann, 20. 




George W., 75- 




Elizabeth, 22. 


Bonner, 


Andrew Allen, 79. 




Emnior, 22. 




Jeanette, 79. 




George, Jr., 6, 35. 




Lawrence Kipp, 79. 




Hannah, 19. 




Robert, 79. 




Lydia, 19. 


Booth, 


Elizabeth, 19. 




Sara H., 5. 


Bosaw, 


Abigail, T]. 


Baker, 


Aaron, 14, 24. 


Brawley, 


John, 77. 




Elisha, 23, 24. 


Brinton, 


George. 23. 




H. Preston, 8. 


Brown, 


Mahlon. T2>- 




Hannah, 24. 


Burdsall, 


Mary, ^-j. 




James, 24. 


Burkham, 


Annie, 79, 80. 




Jane R.rDr., 5. 




Anne, 6. 62, 79. 




John, 24. 




Caroline Colhns, 79. 




Joseph, 21. 




Caroline T., 6. 




Joshua, 24. 




Carrie, 79- 


, 


Levi, 24. 




Cassius C., 80. 




Mary. 21, 24, 




Cassius, Jr., 80. 




Nathan, 24. 




Charles Bonner, 79. 




Rachel, 24. 




Charles Elzey, 80. 




Samuel, 24. 




Constance, 79. 




Sarah, 24. 




Douglas, 79. 


Bales, 


Martha, 75. 




Elizabeth, 79. 


Ball, 


Margery. 63. 




Elsie Grace, 79. 


Bauer, 


Jacob, "8. 




Elzey G., 78, 79- 




Evangeline, 78. 




Elzey G., Jr., 79. 




Ezra, 78. 




Elzey G. HI, 80. 




Laura, 78. 




Elzey G. IV, 80. 




Katherine, 78. 




Emma Mary, 79. 


Becker, 


Leah, ^^. 




Ferdinand. 80. 




Peter, TJ. 




Frank. 76, 79. 80. 


Bennet, 


James, 64, 72, 74, 76. 




John. 80. 




Johanna, 64, 74, 76. 




Joseph Hayes. 79. 




Judith, 20. 




Joseph Kendall. 79. 




Sally, 69, 75. 




Katherine Collins, 79, 


Billingsley, 


Charles, 75. 




Kathleen, 79- 




Nancy, 70, 74. 75, 78. 




Laura, 79, 80. 




Thomas, 74, 78. 




Laura Lewis, 79. 



84 



I 



Burkham (Con) Louise Rammelsbeng, 


Cloud (Con.) 




79- 






Lucie Lloyd, 79. 






Lucie Tousey, 79. 


Collins, 




Mary Hayes, 78, 79, 80. 






Mary Radclifife. 79. 


Collett, 




Mary Sinclair, 79, 80. 


Commons, 




Robert, 79, 80. 


Connor, 




Scott, 80. 






Scott, Jr., 80. 






William Dixon, 79. 






William. Jr, 80. 


Cope, 




William Theodore, 79. 




Butcher, 


Elizabeth, 19. 


Crabtree, 




Hannah, 19. 


Craig, 




Margaret, 19. 






Mary. 19. 


Davis, 




Rachel, 19. 


Davison, 




Sarah. 19. 






Susanna, 19. 






Zachariah, 19. 




Buxcey, 


Humphrey, 63. 


Day, 




Mary, 63. 


Defoe, 


Caldwell, 


Andrew, 14. 
Isabella, 14. 


Dorman, 


Cardon, 


John, 76. 


Doyle, 




Molly, yd. 


Duval, 


Carrington, 


Aaron, 23. 




Chidlaw, 


Edward, "JJ. 
John, 7". 






Mattie. Jj. 


Embree, 




Rebecca, "7. 


Fagaty, 




Walter, "JT. 


Finch, 


Chandler, 


Eli H.. s. 


Fisher, 


Christy, 


Mary, 78. 


Fitch, 


Clark, 


Abishai, 24. 
Elizabeth, 24. 
Hannah, 24. 
Hayes, 24. 
James, 24. 
Lydia, 24. 
Mary, 24. 
Rachel, 24. 
Sarah, 24. 
Thomas, 24. 




Cloud, 


Daniel, 19. 
Elizabeth. 17, 19. 
Henry, 19. 
Jeremiah, IQ. 
Joseph, 19. 






Mabel, 19. 


Freeman, 




85 


\ 



Margaret, 19. 
-Murdccai, 19. 
William, 19. 
Car(jlinc, 79. 
Kathcrinc, 79. 
Margaret, 19. 
Robert, 22. 
Banner, 74. 
James, 74, 76. 
Penina, ^^. 
Thomas, 74, 76. 
Gilbert, 14. 
John G., 5. 
Anne, 76. 
Mary, 67, 74, 75. 
Walter, 67, 74. 
Esther, 63. 
Annie Laura, 79. 
Jeanncite, 79. 
Mary, 79. 
William, 79. 
Sarah, 19. 
Daniel, 53. 
John, 75. 
Nancy, 75. 
James,, TJ. 
Andrew. 78. 
Ezra, 78. 
Nancy. 78. 
Reed, 78. 
Emma D., 5. 
Mabel, 79. 
Nancy, 75. 
Rachel, 19. 
Ada F., 75. 
Annie B., 79. 
Dewitt C, 75. 
George Buell, 79. 
George William, 75. 
Hannah Virginia, 75. 
Harris B„ 75. 
Henry. 75. 
James Collins, 75. 
Jeanette. 79. 
Joseph Theodore, 75. 
Laura, 79. 
Leah, 75. 
Mary B., 79. 
Thomas Allen, 75. 
Walter Hayes, 75. 
Samuel, 75. 



Fritch, Louis Charlton, 79. 

Garst, Jasper, 78. 

Greave, Ann, 20. 

Gregp. Eliza, 75. 

Guard, Bailey, yT. 

Carrie, 75. 

David, 76. 

Eliza, 76. 

Ezra, 75. 

Harriet, yj. 

Levi, 75- 

Nancy, 75. 

Timothy, 75, 76. 
Halberstadt, Antony, 78. 
Hallowell, Clara. "JT. 

Jacob, -j-j. 
Hall, Rachel, 23, 55. 

Hannum, Mary. 18. 

Robert, 18. 
Harlan, Hannah, 21. 

Harry, Stephen C, 6, 47. 

Dr. Samuel, 38. 
Hayes, Abiah, 68, 69, 12, 76. 

Abraham, 20, 21. 

Abigail, 22. 

Alice, 77. » 

America, 75. 

Amy, 77- 

Andrew, 78. 

Angeline, "7. 

Anna, 20. 

Ann, 18. 19, 20, 22, 23, 

69. 75. 77- 
Arthur, 78. 
Asahel, T}. 
Azall, 78. 
Bailey, 76, 78. 
Benjamin, 22, 36. 
Beulah, 64, 74, 77- 
Buell, 79. 
Caleb, 22. 69. 
Calvin. 78. 
Caroline, 76. 
Charles, 76, 77. 
David, 18, 20, 58. 
Delanah, 75. 
Dinah, 23. 
Edward, 75. 

Elizabeth, 13, 15, 18, 19, 
21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 77, 78. 



Hayes (Con.) 



Eli, 21. 

Ellis, 22. 

Enoch, 68, 69^ 74, 76. 

Enos, TJ. 

Ephraim, 75. 

Erastus, TJ. 

Esther, 53. 

Eunice, TJ. 

Eva, TJ. 

Evangeline, 78. 

Ezra. 78, 79. 

Ezra Guard, 6. 70, 76. 

Flora, IT. 

Francis, 75. 

George, 21, 55, 75. ' 

Grant, 76. 

Hannah, 18, 20, 21, 22 

24, 74. 78. 
Harriet, TJ. 
Harry, 7=;, IT. 
Henry, 3, 7, 17, 21, 22; 

24, 67, 75- 
Henry H., 60. 
Henry, Sr., 15, 26, 27. 
Hultert, 78. 
Iva B.. 75. 

Isaac L, 6, 22, 35. 44. 
Isaac. 21, 22, 75, 76, TJ. 
Isabel, 15, 27, 76. 
Isabella, 13, 14. 
Israel, 22. 
J. Borton, 5. 
Jacob, 4. 20, 21. 60. 67. 

68, 69. 75, 76. IT. 
Jacob Carroll, 6, 25, 57. 
James. 13, 18, 64, "jy. 
James A., 5, 6, 55. 
James C, 75. 
Jane, 20, 21, 23, 67, 1Z 

74, 75, 76, 81. 
Jesse, 20, 21, 77. . 
Joane. 27. 
Joanna, 13. 19, 22, 62, 64 

66, 67, 74. 76, 77- 
Job, 5, 21, 23, 59, 64, 73 

74, T" 78. 
Job, Tr., 64, 77- 
Job W., IT. 
Joel, 20. 



86 



[ayes, 


(Con.) John, 13, 18, 20, 21, 


23, 


Hayes (Con.) 


Sally, 75. 






26. 55. 67, 70, •'5, 


78. 




Samuel, 23, 59. 75, 77 






John Russell, 6. 45, 58. 




Sarah, 20. 21, 22, 23, 


24, 




Jonathan, 21, 23. 






76. 77, 78. 






Toseph I., 13, 17, 21, 


26, 




Seth, S3. 






58, 62. 






Silas, 76, 78. 






Joseph II (Captain), 


22, 




Solomon, 22, 62, 67, 


68, 




62-66, 74. 






69, 70, 74, 77, 78 






Joseph, Jr., 64, 65, 


72, 




Stephen, 13, 18, 23, 


55, 




74. 77. 






58, 60, 77. 






Joseph III, 67, 68, 70-74. 




Sylvia, 76. 






75. 78, 79- 






Thomas, 4, 13, 18, 21, 


23, 




Joseph, 77, 78, 79. 






52. S8, 75, 76, 78. 






Joshua, 21. 






Van, 76. 






Josiah, 77. 






Walter, 67. 68, 74. 






Kate, 77. 






Walter Craig, 67, 69, 


75, 




Laura, 78. 






77. 






Leah, 69, 75. 77- 






William, 4, 12, 13, 17, 


20, 




Lee, 76. 






26, 58, 77, 81. 






Levi, 23, 77. 






William M., 4, 5, 20, 


21, 




Lida, 77. 






49- 






Lydia, 13. 20, 22, 23, 


24- 




Wilson, 77. 






Magdalen, 21. 




Harden, 


Henry, 72. 






Mahlon, 73, 77. 






James. 72. 






Margaret, 13, 17, 18, 


19, 




John. 72. 






21, 26. 






William, 72. 






Maria, 77. 




Heald, 


John, 63. 






Martha, 77. 78. 






Mary, 63. 






Mary Craig, 22, 62, 


67, 


Heaney, 


Ruth, 20. 






68, 69, 74, 75- 




Heaton, 


George. 77. 






Mary, 13, 18, 21, 22, 


23, 


Henry, 


Sarah, 23. 






79. 26, 27, 75, 76, 77, 


78, 


Hodiges, 


Adrienne, So. 






Minnie, 76, 79. 




Hunter, 


Richard, 75. 






Mordecai, 4, 5, 20, 21. 


60. 


Iliff, 


Minerva, 77. 






Moses, 76. 




Jackson, 


Charles. 78. 






Nancy, 69, 75, 76, 77, 


78. 




Ezra. 78. 






Nancy Billingsley, 70. 




Henry. 59. 






Nathan, 20, 23, 24. 






John. 21. 






Olive, 75- 






Jonathan, 14, 18, 50, 


58. 




Omer, 75, 77. 






Margaret, 21. 






Otho, 78. 






Milton, 5, 6, 50. 






Penina, 77. 






Nancv. 78. 






Phoebe, 20, 67, 74. 75, 


76. 




Rachel, 78. 






Pricilla, 64, 74, 76, 78 






Thomas, 18, 50, 60. 






Rachel, 12. 13, 19, 21, 


22, 


James, 


Jane. 17, 81. 






23, 24, 76, 77, 78. 




Job, 


Elizabeth, 23, 54. 






Rebeca. 22. 67. 75, 76 




Jones, 


Eva, 24. 






Rhoda. 75, 77- 






James, 24. 






Richard, 12, 15, 16, 


17, 




John, 24. 






21, 26, 27, 58. 






Mary. 24. 






Ruth, 13, 22, 23, 77. 






Ruth, 21. 





87 



Jones (Con.) 
Kirk, 

Lamborn, 



Ladlcy, 
Lewis, 

Liddell, 



Lowe, 
Ludlow, 

Major, 



Markland, 
Marsh, 

McCanse, 
McCormick, 
McElfresh, 
McKinney, 

Meyers, 
Miller, 



Mills, 
Moore, 

Morgan, 



Sarah, 24. 

Hannah, 20. 

Mary. 18. 

Elizabeth, 20. 

Hannah, 20. 

Sarah, 20. 

William, 20. 

Richard, 21. 

Lydia. 21. 

Laura, 79. 

Levin Bestbridge, 79. 

Prudence Hobbs, 79. 

Caroline Olivia, 76. 

Donald Macy, 76. 

Josephine, 76. 

Major, 76. 

Oliver, 76. 

Milton, yj. 

Otho. "JT. 

Frank, 78. 

Laura, 78. 

Omer, 78. 

Caroline, 76, 78. 

Daniel Synimes,76. 

Josephine, 76. 

Anna, "JT. 

Ruth, 19. 

Rachel, 76. 

Mary. "JT. 

Anne, "/(i. 

Macy, -Jl- 

Mahlon, 75. 

Thomas TJ. 

Sarah. T]. 

Abigail, 76. 

Beulah. 76. 

Eliza. 76, 78. 

Enoch, 76. 

James, 75. 

Job, 68. 76. 

Levi, 68, 76, "JT. 

Mahlon, -]z, 76, 78. 

Mary, yy. 

Pricilla, 64, 65. IZ. 74, 

Thomas, 64, 65, 68, 

74, l(i- 
-Isaac, 72. 
John. 21. 
Rachel, 21. 
Ann, 19. 
Laura, 78. 



Morgan (Con ) 



Morrison, 

Neal, 
Newell, 
Newton, 
Nichols, 



Oldham, 

Packer, 

Passmore, 



Peirce, 

Petty, 

Piatt, 

Polk, 

Post, 

Prouty, 

Pyle, 



Radcliffe, 
7*5- Rammelsberg 
T^, Rittenhouse, 

Rich, 

Sargeant, 
Sargent, 
Scott, 
Shaw. 
88 



Sarah, 19. 
Susanna, 19. 
Robert, 19. 
Samuel, 66, 70. 
Jane, 75. 
Burton, 79. 
Mary Anne, 76, 
Amor, 20. "^ 

Daniel, 20. 
Dinah, 20. 
Eli, 20. 
Henry, 20. 
Isaac, 20. 
Judith, 20. 
Lydia, 20. 
Mary, 20. 
Rachel, 20. 
Thomas, 20. 
Rachel, 19. 
Hannah, 20. 
Hannah, 22, 63. 
Alice, 20. 
Joanna, 22, 63. 
John, 63. 
Susanna, 19. 
Thomas, 63. 
William, 63. 
Joshua, 22. 
Jane, 62. 
Robert, 72. 
Isaac, 66, 72. 
Josiah. 65. 
Effie, 80. 
Abner, 23. 
Alice, 22,. 
Betty, 2Z. 
Jacob, 23. 
Jane, 23. 
Joseph, 22, 23. 
Mary, 23. 
Ruth, 24, 
Sarah, 2^,. 
Mary, 79. 
, Louise, 79. 
James, yj. 
Margaret, "JT. 
Christopher, 23. 
Ann, 19. 
Sarah, 75. 
Elizabeth, 22. 
Archibald, 76. 



Shaw (Con.) 



Sheldon, 
Sidwell, 



Smith, 
Speakman, 



Stabler, 

Stanfield, 

Stevens, 



Stevenson, 

Strode, 

Stroud, 

Suit, 

Sullivan, 

Swayne, 



Cora Leah, 76. 

Dewitt Clinton, 76. 

Edward R., 76. 

Ella Margaret, 76. 

Hannah V., 75, 76. 

Harris F., 76. 

Ida, 76. 

John Archibald, 76. 

William Dewitt, 76. 

Martha, 78. 

Abraham, 19. 

Ann, 19. 

Henry, 19. 

Hugh, 19. 
- Isaac, 19. 

Jacob, 19. 

Joseph, 19. 

Mary. 10. 

Richard, 19. 

Harriet, 80. 

Mosby. 77. 

Ebenezer, 21. 

George, 21. 

Joshua, 21. 

Lydia, 21. 

Jacob, 21. 

Mary 21. 

Margaret, 21. 

Edith, 76. 

Deborah, 63. 

Charles, 75. 
—Jsaac. 75. 

Mary, 75. 

Nancy, 75. 

Walter. 75. 

Columbus, 76. 

Ann. 21. 

Isaac. 24. 

Hazel, 78. 

George, Septimus, 79. 

David, 20. 

Hannah, 20. 

Jacob, 20. 

Joshua, 20. 

Lydia. 20. 

Nathan. 20. 

Rachel. 20. 

Samuel, 20. 

Sarah. 20. 



Swayne (Con. 

Tebow, 
Thompson, 



Thurston, 

Todd, 

Tullig, 

Tussig, 

Walton, 

Wamsley, 



Way, 
West, 



Whipple. 
Wickersham, 



Williams, 

Wilson, 
Windle, 

Wood, 
Woodward, 

Young, 



) Stephen, 20. 
William. 20. 
Sarah, 78. 
Blanciie W., 79. 
Martha B., 6, 7. 
Saimuel S., 5. 
Nancy. 74, 78. 
Jane, 22. 
Mary. 76. 
Beulah, 64, 74, 79. 
Sarah, 22. 
Alvin. 7T. 
Anderson, 77. 
Anna, 77. 
Barbara, 77. 
Belle, TJ. 
Chalon, 77. 
Eunice, 77. 
Fannie. 77. 
Findlay. 77. 
Moses, 77. 
Betty, 21. 
Belle. 78. 
Josephine. 78. 
Mary, 75. 
Roxana. 75, 77- 
Warren, 75. 78. 
Willard. 76. 
Abigail, I9- 
Alice, 20. 
Hannah, 19. 
Lydia, I9- 
Peter, 20. 
Rachel, 19. 
Ruth, 19. 
William. 17. IQ- 
Frank. 79. 

George Lathrop, 79. 
Otho. 64. 
Angeline. 77- 
Maria Butler. 77. 
Abigail, I9- 
Thomas. 19. 
Thomas H., 5. 6, 52. 
Ann, 21. 
lean. 17, 62. 63. 
Eli, 23. 

Richard, 17, 22, 62, 63. 
Jacob, 77. 



89 



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