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Full text of "Proceedings of the general Society of the Cincinnati, with the original institution of the order : to which are annexed the act of incorporation by the state of Pennsylvania, the by-laws of the Pennsylvania Society, and the testimonial to the memory of General Washington, as adopted and communicated by the meeting of the general society in May 1800"

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7 




PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



GENERAL SOCIETY 



OF THE 



CINCINNATI, 



WITH THE 



©riginal Institution of Oft ©rtor. 



TO WHICH ARE ANNEXED 



THE ACT OF INCORPORATION 



BY THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

* i | 

THE •'•>- , t> ; ' 

BY-LAWS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY, 

* > » 

AND THE TESTIMONIAL TO THE „' ' 

e " > 

i 

MEMORY OF GENERAL WASHINGTON, 



AS ADOPTED AND COMMUNICATED B" THE MEETING OF THE GENERAL BOCIBTV, 



In May, 1*00. 



■^ » ■»- 



PHILADELPHIA : 
PUBLISHED BY DIRECTION OF THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE SOCIETY. 

1841. 



.< 






^%^ 



In the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati, at their 
Annual Meeting on the 4th of July, 1800. 

" On motion of the Rev. Dr. Rogers, seconded by Col. Mentges, 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to have one hundred or more 
copies of the Constitution of the Society reprinted, and to have annexed 
thereto the excellent Testimonial to the Memory of General Wash- 
ington, as adopted and communicated by the last meeting- of the General 
Society; and that General Macpherson, Col. Thomas L. Moore, and 
the Rev. Dr. William Rogers be the Committee." 
Extract from the Minutes. 

M. M'CONNELL, Assistant Sec'ry. 



Fleeting of the Standing Committee of the Pennsylvania 
Society of the Cincinnati, 17th of October, 1800. 

" On motion, 

Resolved, That the Committee appointed on the 4th of July last, to 
have the Constitution of the Society and the Testimonial to the Memory 
of General Washington reprinted, be authorised to have printed there- 
with the Act of Incorporation by the State of Pennsylvania, and also the 
sending- By-Laws of said State Society." 
Extract from the Minutes. 

M. M'CONNELL, Assistant Sec'ry. 



< i 



Meeiing of the Standing Committee of the State Society of 
the Cincinnati of Peymsylvania, 2d December, 1840. 

" On motion of James Glentworth, seconded by Col. Thomas Robinson, 
it was 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to have one hundred or more 
copies of the Constitution and By-Laws of the Society printed, with such 
other Documents as they may think necessary ; and that Callender Ir- 
vine, William Jackson, and John H. Markland be the Committee." 
Extract from the Minutes. 

JAMES GLENTWORTH, Assistant Sec'ry. 



/■:& 



Printed at the Boo k & Job Office, 3d Story Ledger Building, Philad. < / ^ <1 V 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



GENERAL SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



Cantonment of the American Army, ) 
On Hudson's River, 10th May, 1783. > 

Proposals for establishing a Society, upon principles therein 
mentioned, whose Members shall be Officers of the Ameri- 
can Army, having been communicated to the several Regi- 
ments of the respective Lines, they appointed an Officer from 
each, who, in conjunction with the General Officers, should 
take the same into consideration at their meeting this day, at 
which the honorable Major General Baron de Steuben, the 
senior officer present, was pleased to preside. 

The proposals being read, fully considered, paragraph by 
paragraph, and the amendments agreed to, Major General 
Knox, Brigadier General Hand, Brigadier General Hunting- 
don, and Captain Shaw, were chosen to revise the same, and 
prepare a copy to be laid before this assembly at their next 
meeting, to be holden at Major General Baron de Steuben's 
Quarters, on Tuesday, the 13th instant. 



4 PROCEEDINGS OF 

Tuesday, 13th May, 1783. 

The Representatives of the American Army being assembled, 
agreeably to adjournment, the plan for establishing a Society, 
whereof the Officers of the American Army are to be members, 
is accepted, and is as follows, viz. 

" It having pleased the Supreme Governor of the Universe, 
in the disposition of human affairs, to cause the separation of 
the colonies of North America from the domination of Great 
Britain, and, after a bloody conflict of eight years, to establish 
them free, independent, and sovereign states, connected, by 
alliances founded on reciprocal advantage, with some of the 
great princes and powers of the earth. 

" To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this 
vast event, as the mutual friendships which have been formed 
under the pressure of common danger, and, in many instances, 
cemented by the blood of the parties, the officers of the Ameri- 
can army do, hereby, in the most solemn manner, associate, 
constitute and combine themselves into one society of 
friends, to endure as long as they shall endure, or any of 
their eldest male posterity, and, in failure thereof, the collateral 
branches who may be judged worthy of becoming its support- 
ers and members. 

" The officers of the American army having generally been 
taken from the citizens of America, possess high veneration for 
the character of that illustrious Roman, Lucius Quintius 
Cincinnatus ; and being resolved to follow his example, by 
returning to their citizenship, they think they may with pro- 
priety denominate themselves, The Society of the Cin- 
cinnati. 

" The following principles shall be immutable and form the 
basis of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

" An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those exalted 
rights and liberties of human nature for which they have 
fought and bled, and without which the high rank of a rational 
being is a curse instead of a blessing. 



THE CINCINNATI. 5 

" An unalterable determination to promote and cherish, be- 
tween the respective states, that union and national honor so 
essentially necessary to their happiness, and the future dignity 
of the American empire. 

" To render permanent the cordial affection subsisting among 
the officers. This spirit will dictate brotherly kindness in all 
things, and particularly, extend to the most substantial acts of 
beneficence, according to the ability of the society, towards 
those officers and their families, who unfortunately may be 
under the necessity of receiving it. 

" The general society will, for the sake of frequent commu- 
nications, be divided into state societies, and these again into 
such districts as shall be directed by the state society. 

" The societies of the districts to meet as often as shall be 
agreed upon by the state society, those of the state on the fourth 
day of July, annually, or oftener, if they shall find it expedient, 
and the general society on the first Monday in May, annually, 
so long as they shall deem it necessary, and afterwards, at least 
once in every three years. 

" At each meeting, the principles of the institution will be 
fully considered, and the best measures to promote them 
adopted. 

" The state societies will consist of all the members resident 
in each state respectively; and any member removing from 
one state to another, is to be considered, in all respects, as be- 
longing to the society of the state in which he shall actually 
reside. 

"The state societies to have a president, vice president, 
secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer, to be chosen annu- 
ally, by a majority of votes, at the state meeting. 

" Each state meeting shall write annually, or oftener, if ne- 
cessary, a circular letter, to the other state societies, noting 
whatever they may think worthy of observation, respecting the 
good of the society, or the general union of the states, and 
giving information of the officers chosen for the current year : 
Copies of these letters shall be regularly transmitted to the 



g PROCEEDINGS OF 

secretary-general of the society, who will record them in a book 
to be assigned for that purpose. 

" The state society will regulate everything respecting itself 
and the societies of its districts consistent with the general 
maxims of the Cincinnati, judge of the qualifications of the 
members who may be proposed, and expel any member who, 
by a conduct inconsistent with a gentleman and a man of 
honor, or by an opposition to the interests of the community in 
general, or the society in particular, may render himself un- 
worthy to continue a member. 

" In order to form funds which may be respectable, and as- 
sist the unfortunate, each officer shall deliver to the treasurer 
of the state society one month's pay, which shall remain for 
ever to the use of the state society ; the interest only of which, 
if necessary, to be appropriated to the relief of the unfortunate. 

" Donations may be made by persons not of the society, and 
by members of the society, for the express purpose of forming 
permanent funds for the use of the state society, and the inte- 
rests of these donations appropriated in the same manner as 
that of the month's pay. 

" Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be subscribed 
in the societies of the districts, or the state societies, for the 
relief of the unfortunate members, or their widows and orphans, 
to be appropriated by the state society only. 

" The meeting of the general society shall consist of its offi- 
cers and a representation from each state society, in number 
not exceeding five, whose expenses shall be borne by their re- 
spective state societies. 

" In the general meeting, the president, vice president, secre- 
tary, assistant secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer-gene- 
rals, shall be chosen, to serve until the next meeting. 

" The circular letters which have been written by the re- 
spective state societies to each other, and their particular laws, 
shall be read and considered, and all measures concerted which 
may conduce to the general intendment of the society. 

fi It is probable that some persons may make donations to the 
general society, for the purpose of establishing funds for the 



THE CINCINNATI. 7 

further comfort of the unfortunate, in which case, such do- 
nations must be placed in the hands of the treasurer-general, 
the interests only of which to be disposed of, if necessary, by 
the general meeting. 

" All the officers of the American army, as well those who 
have resigned with honor, after three years service in the capa- 
city of officers, or who have been deranged by the resolutions 
of Congress, upon the several reforms of the army, as those 
who shall have continued to the end of the war, have the right 
to become parties to this institution ; provided that they sub- 
scribe one month's pay, and sign their names to the general 
rules, in their respective state societies, those who are present 
with the army immediately, and others within six months after 
the army shall be disbanded, extraordinary cases excepted ; the 
rank, time of service, resolution of Congress by which any 
have been deranged, and place of residence, must be added to 
each name — and as a testimony of affection to the memory and 
the offspring of such officers as have died in the service, their 
eldest male branches shall have the same right of becoming 
members, as the children of the actual members of the society. 

" Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in any of 
the states, will have their names enrolled by the secretary- 
general, and are to be considered as members in the societies of 
any of the states in which they may happen to be. 

" And as there are, and will at all times be, men in the re- 
spective states eminent for their abilities and patriotism, whose 
views may be directed to the same laudable objects with those 
of the Cincinnati, it shall be a rule to admit such characters, as 
honorary members of the society, for their own lives only : 
Provided always, that the number of honorary members, in 
each state, does not exceed a ratio of one to four of the officers 
or their descendants. 

" Each state society shall obtain a list of its members, and at 
the first annual meeting, the state secretary shall have engrossed, 
on parchment, two copies of the institution of the society, which 
every member present shall sign, and the secretary shall en- 
deavor to procure the signature of every absent member ; one 



8 PROCEEDINGS OF 

of those lists to be transmitted to the secretary-general to be 
kept in the archives of the society, and the other to remain in 
the hands of the state secretary. From the state lists, the 
secretary-general must make out, at the first general meeting, 
a complete list of the whole society, with a copy of which he 
will furnish each state secretary. 

" The society shall have an Order, by which its members 
shall be known and distinguished, which shall be a medal of 
gold, of a proper size to receive the emblems, and suspended by 
a deep blue riband two inches wide, edged with white, descrip- 
tive of the union of France and America, viz : 

" The principal figure, 

CINCINNATUS : 

Three Senators presenting him with a sword and other military ensigns — on 

a field in the back-ground, his wife standing at the door of 

their Cottage — near it 

A PLOUGH AND INSTRUMENTS OF HUSBANDRY. 

Round the whole, 

OMNIA RELIQUIT SERVARE REMPU BLI CAM. 

On the reverse, 

Sun rising — a city with open gates, and vessels entering the port — Fame 

crowning Cincinnatus with a wreath, inscribed 

VIRTUTIS PRAEMIUM. 

Below, 
HANDS JOINED, SUPPORTING A HEART, 

With the motto, 

ESTO PERPETUA. 

Round the whole, 

SOCIETAS CINCINNATORUM INSTITUTA. 

A. D. 1783." 

The society, deeply impressed with a sense of the generous 
assistance this country has received from France, and desirous 
of perpetuating the friendships which have been formed, and 
so happily subsisted, between the officers of the allied forces, in 
the prosecution of the war, direct, that the president-general 
transmit, as soon as may be, to each of the characters hereafter 
named, a medal containing the order of the society, viz : 



THE CINCINNATI. 9 

His Excellency the Chevalier de la Luzerne, Minister 

Plenipotentiary, 
His Excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary, 
Their Excellencies 

The Count de Estaing, 
The Count de Grasse, 
The Count de Barras, 
The Chevalier de Touches, 

Admirals and Commanders in the Navy, 
His Excellency the Count de Rochambeau, Commander in 
Chief, 

And the Generals and Colonels of his army, and acquaint 
them, that the society does itself the honor to consider them 
members. 

Resolved, That a copy of the aforegoing institution be given 
to the senior officer of each state line, and that the officers of 
the respective state lines sign their names to the same, in man- 
ner and form following, viz : 

"We, the subscribers, officers of the American army, do 
hereby voluntarily become parties to the foregoing institution, 
and do bind ourselves to observe, and be governed by, the prin- 
ciples therein contained. For the performance whereof we do 
solemnly pledge to each other our sacred honor. 

Done in the Cantonment, on Hudson's River, 
in the year 17S3 



SAMUEL NICHOLAS, ^,ir/f Cy 

Major. <f ?K a*l»~J> 
JOSHUA BARNEY, 

Lieut, in Navy, (not paid.) 
ISAAC CRAIG, 

Major Penna. Artillery. 
ANTHONY FELIX WEIBERT, 

Lieut. Col. of Engineers. 
STEPHEN BAYARD, 

Lieut. Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
W. FINNEY, 

Capt. ?d Penna. Reg't. 
S. MONTGOMERY, 

Capt. Td Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN R. B. RODGERS, 

Surgeon cd Penna. Reg't. 
THOMAS READ, 

Capt. in Navy, (not paid.) 
2 



J. GIBBON, Z>~ f^j ^,)6 e ^^f *7 

Captain. / * 

WM. McCURDY, 

Capt., late 1st Lieut. P. R. 

JOHN WEIDMAN, ^^^2^7^. *H*. /M fr 

Lieutenant. f / 

JOHN REILY, ^~^/^^ </ 

Captain. f* 

CHARLES TURNBULL, 

Capt. of Artillery. 
JAMES LLOYD, 

Capt. Lieut. Artillery. 
PR. LIEBERT, A^- ~~^*1 / J^A pj 

Captain. r 

JOAN AUGT. D'FLORAT, 

Capt. Assist. Engin., (not paid.) . 

j. wigton, «-*-;/ A~^ ; p-. .<w-, / M ?3 

Lieutenant. l /- 



10 



PROCEEDINGS OF 



lav. 



L. DAVIS, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN B. WEBSTER, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Artillery. 
JAMES ARMSTRONG, 

Capt. 2d Legion. 
JOHN BUSH, 

Capt. cd Reg't. 
J. McFARLANE, 

Lieut. 6th Reg't. 
R.ALLISON, 

S.M. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
ANDREW PORTER, 

Lt. Col. Comd't. Pa. Reg't. Artil. 
JAMES McLEAN, 

Lieut, cd Reg't. 
HENRY D. PURSELL, 

Lieut. Sd Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES CHRYSTIE, 

Capt. 2d Reg't. 
THOMAS DUNGAN, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
DANIEL BRODHEAD, 

Col. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES MOORE, 

Major 1st Penna. Reg't. 
LEWIS NICOLA 

Colonel 
JAMES HAMILTON, 

Major 2d Reg't. 
THOS. BARTH'W. BOWEN, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
J. STAKE, 

Capt. ?d Penna. Reg't. 
W. VAN LEAR, 

Capt. 5th Penna. Reg't. 
JESSE CROSLEY, 

Capt. Lieut. Penna. Artillery. 
W. MACPHERSON, 

Major. 
STEPHEN MOYLAN, 

Col. 4th L. D. 
JOHN DAVIS, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
THOMAS PROCTOR, ^S^t, 5; GoLjs- 

Col. Artillery. &*$ , ft-oj+j/ $-/ 
FRANCIS JOHNSTON, 5^^^^.' 

Colonel. Aw, / /* * & ' 
JAMES CHAMBERS, ^ ^ 

Colonel. A^, , j£* p / 
DAVID S. FRANKS, ^^Tyjj? 

Major. A*.isis f / £<.? fo 
MICHAEL RYAN, "S^^Xl^ lC 

Captain, (not paid.) f?ZJ.jc 
ROBERT CALDWELL, <^Jr )& '< 

Captain. /^-o-t-, 97 
WILLIAM McMURRAY,^^ A-/.T 

Captain, (not paid.) faj.U^-i?) 
FREDERICK PASCHKE, Z^£ /tt ^, Ln 

Capt. Cavalry, ^l, i<^h^r9v 
WILLIAM ADAMS, t ^A~. ;> l 

Ensign Artillery, (not paid.) £7 
THOMAS McINTIRE, <^brf<^j 7 C 

Captain. l^ Vi ,/^~ J^ 



'ST 



PETER PERES, &*s /<b/d~/r 

Surgeon. A*^ / /u^-i 91 
H. MARTIN, r-^w^^^ 

Surgeon. *+^ f O a~p£'vi 
WILLIAM TILTON, ^- t'J^ ) C 

Captain, (not paid.) /,„Ja 7g 
JACOB BUNNER, t^Ur p- A~/ A £' 

Captain. -A-v. — ^p^ '/ 
FRANCIS NICHOLS, T—i-L ^ A^lfi- 

Lieut. Colonel. A«* *)}f ' 
ROBERT McMURDIE, TLi- )d,&>fZ 

Chaplain 1st Penna. Brigade. 
JOHN STOY, <U^r y *>- t 0,$J, 

Capt. Lieutenant. 
JEREMIAH FREEMAN, <C*M£^,J>/ 

Captain. ' 

H. W. ARCHER, 2~Of- & $1 

Captain, (not paid.) 
MATTHEW McGUIRE, " 



Capt. Lieutenant. 12+4 / /^^-j jy 
A. M. DUNN, 1 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
ERKURIES BEATTY, 

Lieut, cd Penna. Reg't. 
WILDER BEV-AN , /3 culX^y^ 

Lieut. Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN MARKLAND, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN B. TILDEN, 

Lieut. Sd Penna. Reg't. 
STEPHEN STEVENSON, 

Capt. 4th Penna. Reg't. 
BLACKALL WM. BALL, 

Lieut, cd Reg't. 
JOSEPH ASHTON, 

Cant. Lieut. Penna. Reg't. ArtiL 
ANDREW "LYTLE, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 

john Mcdowell, 

Surgeon 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES GAMBLE, 

Lieut. Artillery. 
MATTHEW MAUS, 

Surgeon 1st Inv'd. Reg't. 
WILLIAM MAGAW, 

Surgeon 1st Penna. Reg't. 
ROBERT McCONNEL, 

Capt. Lieut. Penna. Artillery. 
THOMAS L. MOORE, 

Major 5th Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM MARTIN, 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. 
C. DE MARCELLIN, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
LE CHEVALIER DE LAMBERT, 

Lieutenant. 
JOHN ARMSTRONG, 

Lieut cd Reg't. 
JAMES F. MACPHERSON, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES GLENTWORTH, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
RICHARD FULLERTON, 

Lieut. 1st Reg't. 



THE CINCINNATI. 



11 



JAMES GRIER, 

Major 2d Penna. Reg't. 
THOMAS DOYLE, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
STEWART HERBERT, 

Lieut. 2d Reg't. 
BENJAMIN LODGE, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN STRICKER, 

Capt. Lieut. 4th Regiment Artil. 
J. R. HENLY, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
ENOS REEVES, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
GEORGE LE ROY, 

Lieut. 2d Reg't. 
WILLIAM MURRIN, 

Lieut. 2d Reg't. 
JOHN STRICKER, 

Lieut. 2d Reg't. 
FRANCIS THORNBURY, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
EDWARD SPEIR, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
ANDREW HENDERSON, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM McELHATTON, 

Capt. Lieutenant. 
ZEBULON PIKE, 

Capt. 4th Reg't. Dragoons. 
JAMES GILCHRIST, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES WEITZEL, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. 
ISAAC B. DUNN, 

Major. • 
JAMES CARNAHAN, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JONAS SIMONDS, 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. 
ISAAC SEELY, 

Cant. 2d Penna. 
A. G. CLAYPOOLE, 

Capt. 3d Penna. 
DAVID ZEIGLER, 

Capt. & A. I. S. 
W. FERGUSON, 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. 
HENRY BICKER, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
SAMUEL BRADY, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
FRANCIS PROCTOR, 

Major Penna. Artillery. 
THOMAS DOUGLASS, 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. 
SAMUEL KENNEDY, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
SAMUEL DOTY, 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. 
MATTHEW McCONNELL, 

Captain. 
HENRY PIERCY, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 



Reg't. 



Reg't. 



Reg't. 
Army. 



/<3fi^e<t y^^T>i^ /> 



Reg't. 



&T/J*^ 



VlJL/ 



JOHN MACKINNEY, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. 
THOMAS WYLIE, 

Capt. Penna. Artil. (not paid.) 
WILLIAM MOORE, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN PRATT, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
ANTHONY WAYNE, 

Brigadier General. 
RICHARD IIUMPTON, 

Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM IRVINE, 

Brigadier General. 
WALTER STEWART, 

Col. Inspector Northern Army. 
JOSIAH HARMAR, 

Lieut. Col. 1st Penna. Reg't. and 
Sec'ry. to the Society. 
THOMAS ROBINSON, 

Lieut. Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
FRANCIS MENTGES, 

Lieutenant Col. Ins. Southern 
Army. 
JAMES NICHOLSON, 

Capt. in Navy, (not paid.) 
JOHN BARRY, 

Capt. in the Navy. 
FREDERICK VERNON, 

Major 1st Penna. Reg't. 
E. EDWARDS, 

Major D. A. G. Southern Army. 
JOHN DOYLE, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN BANKSON, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
LAWRENCE KEENE, 

Capt. 2d Penna. 
WILLIAM WILSON, 

Capt. 2d Penna. 
GEORGE BUSH, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JACOB HUMPHREY, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
ALEXANDER PARKER, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
ANDREW WALKER, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. . a 

WORSLEY EMES, ^jt^CoQC 10/J»~yf% 

Capt. Penna. Artillery. , . 

NATHANIEL IRISH, f^- ) A-^7// ^ '-***■ ^£*H~> 

Capt. Penna. Artil. (not paid.) 
EZEKIEL HOWELL, S^/^-/^/ ;/_^/ j^y t tf 

Lieut. Penna. Artillery. r 
WILLIAM SPROAT, 

Capt. 2d Penna. R.eg't. g 
JOHN LAWRENCE, *L~L r/L^, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
RICHARD BUTLER, 

Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. B. G. 
WILLIAM POWER, £^<5 / A~^7 ?/ j6> /Z^ P* 

Capt. Artillery. 7// 

ARTHUR ST. CLAIR, 

Major General. 



Reg't. 



Reg't. 



-7 )6 /& 12-^wh 



12 



PROCEEDINGS OF 



BARON DE UTRECHT, 

Captain, (not paid.) 
JOB VERNON, tjL r£~7 X / 

Capt. 5th Penna. Reg't. SiluVjy} 

ROBERT PATTON,21^-/6 J^U-bG 

Captain. A^u- / /+^^j d 
ROBERT MARTIN, lUj)« £<>>.£ fa*^ 

Lieut. Penna. Line. 
JOHN CRAIG, J-*t**7/& ^^^^U^ 

Capt. Lieutenant. 
WILLIAM GRAY, LU? / 4 h^-fL ] (, 

Capt. 4th Reg't. >k-w yW£7 
BARNABAS BINNEY, ' 

Hospital Surgeon. 
THOMAS BOND, Jr., 

Purveyor. 
EDMUND HAND, 

Brigadier General. 
T. CAMPBELL, 

Captain. <> , / / 

WILLIAM LUSK. CUT* A~//6 

Captain. <^ / I 14<~A P3 
GEORGE NORTH, *UJT^«A)C 

Lieutenant. ^^/^^V^J 
ANDREW IRVINE, J 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
BERNARD HUBLEY, %J. i^d^Aft, 

Capt. German Reg't. A^/ f~4?} 
ALEXANDER MURRAY, ' 

Lieut, in Navy, (not paid.) 
JAMES DAVIDSON, ZJ>S^^U>^ 

Surgeon 5th Penna. Reg't./y, PJ 
GEORGE TUDOR, £^- /~^?y<£ 

Major 5th Penna. Reg't. & £/ 
SAMUEL BRYSON, ZUr 2* y+^ij i tr 

Lieut. 7th Penna. Reg't. «JD^-r_ 
GEORGE McCULLY, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
HENRY MILLER, 

Lt. Col. 2d Perm. Reg. (not p'd.) 
THOMAS CRAIG, 

Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
EDWARD BUTLER, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
TIMOTHY PICKERING, 

Quartermaster-General. 
WILLIAM JACKSON, 

Major. 
EBENEZER DENNY, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM ROGERS, 

Chaplain 2d Penna. Reg't. 
FRANCIS MURRAY, 

Lieut. Colonel. 
JOHN HARPER, 

Lieut. 5th Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN VAN COURT, 

Lieut. Penna. Artillery. 
JAMES PETTIGREW, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
P. SMITH, 

Lieut. Penna. Line. 
JOHN ARMSTRONG, Jr., 

Major. 



EDMUND B0URKE,£^/^;£~^77 

Capt. 1st Reg't. &<^ / /JJ*) p$ 
GEORGE STEVENSON, tLf/J+Unyj 

Hospital Mate. A<^ $>_? '' ' 
JAMES McMICHAEL, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. . 
THOMAS BUCHANAN, Z^Czy h^ } !r 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. /S* >? 
ANTHONY SELIN^ SLUs^ <^. YC 

Captain. dr *,^L rf^-fa-*^ ' 
CLEMENT GOSSELIN, ^Lq^vL]C 

Captain. £r«~ — <■ *j--u-*^ ' 
GEORGE HUNTER, t~A- ^y/) 

Surgeon's Mate. fZ^t~->y~ j^, 
STEPHEN CHAMBERS, 

Capt. 12th Penn.Regt. (not p'd.) 
WILLIAM HENDERSON, £z^A-~*L/£ 

Captain. .£**-/ Z-~~ 7P3 
ROBERT WILKIN, < U^ s- £~-y ) C 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. U L~jJA4~~ 
ADAM HUBLEY, Z~£~zS>M]^ 

Lieut. Col. Commandant. & / J^ £j 
JOHN PATTERSON, TLJ-, A-~; yC J 

Captain. /«^ / LJi^A 9J3 
ROBERT COLTMAN, TUr4 Z/xrl £ 

Capt. Artillery. A«^ y p-J 
JAMES McCLURE, H/r-/U^. ] C 

Capt. Artillery. 6-^ 9-J 
JAMES SMITH, t^tr /q <h^_^L]j 

Capt. Lieut. Artillery. . 
JEREMIAH JACKSON V £~^//A^ )) 

Captain. A<~ A—} <P3 ' ' 
PHILIPPE STRUBING, %U-JfG~e~J) 

Captain. 'p ^-*"-*- 

JOHN IRWIN, A^, P^ 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
SAMUEL SMITH, 

Capt. oth Penna. Reg't. 
ANDREW LEDLIE, 

Surg. 12th Penn. Reg. and Hosp. 
JOHN WARD, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN PAUL SCHOTT, 

Capt. Com. of Ind'pt. Corps. 
JAMES DUNCAN, 

JOHN NEVILL,^"/^ 12 ^"^*-^^*-' 

Col. 4th Virginia Reg. (not p'd.) 

JOHN BOYD, 'ZJrOt/LjS & ify 

Capt. Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JACOB MYTINGER, 

Lieutenant L. D. . 
JOHN MAHON, ~2L^- )) 4> PJ 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. . 
ROBERT SAMPLE, %J~)tO Pi 

Capt. 10th Penna. Reg't. . 
ALEXANDER BENSTED, 2^/L-^p. 

Lieutenant. A^*- f~f / . 

THOMAS HARTLEY, <-^)/«f;^ 

Colonel, (not paid.) Z& " 
HENRY BEDKIN,'?-^ ; 4 & 

Capt. of Light Dragoons 
JEREMIAH TALBOT, S^^ 

Major 6th Penna. Reg't. b ,/ 

&4L <rr*~*(fay*r 




f 




z~-tpj 



THE CINCINNATI. 



13 



GEORGE HOFNER,£^/<* i^J }Q 

Lieutenant, (not paid.),^*^ P) 
JAMES CAMPBELL, 

Lieutenant. 
JOHN STEELE, 

Captain. 4* , l t 

ANDREW CEPIN, \ ^^Z 

Lieutenant, (not paid.) 
PAUL JONES, 

Capt. in Navy and Capt. in Line. 
ISAAC MELCHER. %JtJL+ 7f 

Colonel. J**~ -7 W,JP£ 

JOHN CLARK, ' 

Capt. Sd Penna. Reg't. 
JONAH HALLETT, 

Lieut. Penna. Legion. 
JOHN PEARSON, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN HUGHES, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN NICE, 

Capt. 6th Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM MAKAY, 

Capt. 9th Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN HUGHES, 

Lieut. 4th Penna. Reg't. 
WILLIAM CATHCART, 

Surgeon 4th Light Dragoons. 
READING BEATTY, 

Surgeon Penna. Infantry. 
JOHN MARSHALL, 

Capt. 3d. Reg't. 

william Mcdowell, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
S. McCULLAM, 

Lieut. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
EDWARD CRAWFORD, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN BRYCE, 

Capt. 6th Reg't. Artillery. 
JOHN ROSE, 

Lieut. 2d Reg't. (not paid.) 
JOHN CHRISTIE, 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES R. REID, 

Major. 
JAMES PARR, ZU~ )*-,/* ?? 

Major. — / , 

CALEB NORTH, ^-^ )Q <? ?J 

Lieut. Col. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
LEVI GRIFFITH, 

Lieut. 6th Penna. Reg't. 



JOHN HUMPHREY, 

Lieut. 4th Reg't Artillery. 
ANDREW CALDWELL, 

Surgeon. 
ROBERT PORTER, e^t r^b-u^, 

Lieut. Artillery. 
WILLIAM STEWART, 

Lieutenant. 
JOHN MOYLAN, 

Clothier General, (not paid.) 
JOHN SHARP, 
Captain. 
JAMES LANG, 

Capt. 10th Penna. Reg't. 
JOHN MURRAY, 

Lt. Col. 2d Penn. Reg. (not p'd.) / 
BENJAMIN BARTHOLOMEW, ^^^Ji> 

Capt. 5th Penna. Reg't- ^^- V\ x _ 

THOMAS MIFFLIN, *%jJ- Z— ; y /^ Oy^r ^ 

Major General. , 

SAMUEL A. McCOSKRY, tUt-l* ]C ^ ^L. 

Surgeon Penna. Artillery. j 

JOHN JORDAN, *L^t~ Jf - & *+~i ?3 
Capt. Penna. Reg'L 'Artil. (nor 
paid.) 
ROBERT PARKER, 

Capt. Penna. Reg't. Artillery. 
ISAAC VAN HORN, T-~&y& A^t 

Capt. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
NATHANIEL SMITH, 

Lieut. 2d Penna. Reg't. 
THOMAS BOUDE, 

Capt. 1st Penna. Reg't. 
JAMES MONTGOMERY, 

Capt. in State Navy and Capt. in 
Continental Army.<=. * 
BARTHOLOMEW VAN HEER, *** ^V 

Captain. . *} 7 . 

CHARLES HEAFNER, Jr., [Sk*Mner) 

Cornet, (not paid.) 
JOHN TOWNES, 

17th Virginia Reg't. (not paid.) 
GODFRIED SWARTZ, 

Arnaud's Legion. 
J. S. BOWER, 

Capt. 6th Penn. Reg't. (not paid.) 
GABRIEL PETERSON, 

8th Regiment. 
JOHN BARCLAY, 

Capt. Lieutenant. 
ROBERT ALLISON, 

Lieut. 2d Penn. Reg. (wsKpaiA.) 



J*~~j 



V 






That the members of the society, at the time of subscribing 
their names to the institution, do also sign a draft on the pay- 
master-general, in the following terms, (the regiments to do it 
regimentally, and the Generals and other officers not belonging 
to regiments, each for himself, individually,) viz : 



24 PROCEEDINGS OF 

" To John Pierce, Esquire, Pay-Master- General to the 

Army of the United States. 

Sir, 

Please to pay to treasurer for the 

state association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one month's 
pay of our several grades respectively, and deduct the same 
from the balance which shall be found due to us on the final 
liquidation of our accounts ; for which this shall be your war- 
rant." 

That the members of the several state societies assemble as 
soon as may be, for the choice of their president and other of- 
ficers — and that the presidents correspond together, and appoint 
a meeting of the officers who may be chosen for each state, in 
order to pursue such further measures as may be judged ne- 
cessary. 

That the general officers, and the officers delegated to repre- 
sent the several corps of the army, subscribe to the institution 
of the general society, for themselves and their constituents, in 
the manner and form before prescribed. 

That General Heath, 

General Baron de Steuben, and 
General Knox, 
be a committee to wait on his excellency the commander in 
chief, with a copy of the institution, and request him to honor 
the society by placing his name at the head of it. 

That Major-General Heath, second in command in this 
army, be, and he hereby is, desired to transmit copies of the 
institution, with the proceedings thereon, to the commanding 
officer of the Southern Army, the senior officer in each state, 
from Pennsylvania to Georgia, inclusive, and to the command- 
ing officer of the Rhode Island line, requesting them to commu- 
nicate the same to the officers under their several commands, 
and to take such measures as may appear to them necessary for 
expediting the establishment of their state societies, and sending 
a delegation to represent them in the first general meeting, to 
be holden on the first Monday in May, 1784. 
The meeting then adjourned without day. 



THE CINCINNATI. 15 

Cantonment of the American Army, 19th of June, 1783. 

At a meeting of the general officers, and the gentlemen dele- 
gated by the respective regiments, as a convention for establish- 
ing the society of the Cincinnati, held by the request of the 
president, at which were present — 

Major-General Baron de Steuben, President, 

Major-General Howe, 

Major-General Knox, 

Brigadier-General Patterson, 

Brigadier-General Hand, 

Brigadier-General Huntingdon, 

Brigadier-General Putnam, 

Colonel Webb, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Huntingdon, 

Major Pettengill, 

Lieutenant Whiting, 

Colonel H. Jackson, 

Captain Shaw, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hull, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Maxwell, 

Colonel Cortlandt, 
General Baron de Steuben acquainted the convention that he 
had, agreeably to their request, at the last meeting, transmitted 
to his excellency the Chevalier de la Luzerne, Minister Pleni- 
potentiary from the court of France, a copy of the institution of 
the society of the Cincinnati, with their vote respecting his 
excellency, and the other characters therein mentioned ; and 
that his excellency had returned an answer, declaring his ac- 
ceptance of the same, and expressing the grateful sense he en- 
tertains of the honor conferred on himself, and the other gen- 
tlemen of the French nation, by this act of the convention. 

Resolved, That the letter of the Chevalier de la Luzerne 
be recorded in the proceedings of this day, and deposited in the 
archives of the society, as a testimony of the high sense this 
convention entertains of the honor done to the society by his 
becoming a member thereof. 

The letter is as follows : •••■■■ 



1(3 PROCEEDINGS OF 

Philadelphie, le 3 Juin, 1783. 

1 Monsieur le Baron, 

" J'ai recu avec beaucoup de reconnoissance les statuts de l'ordre respecta- 
ble que messieurs les officiers de l'armee Americaine viennent de fonder : 
si le courage, la patience, et toutes les vertus que cette brave armee a si 
souvent deployees dans le cours de cette guerre, pouvoient jamais etre 
oubliees, ce monument seul les rapelleroit. 

" J'ose vous assurer, monsieur, que tous les officiers de ma nation, que 
vous avez bien voulu admettre dans votre societe, en seront infiniment 
honores ; je vous prie d'etre bien persuade que je sens, en mon particulier, 
bien vivement l'honneur que m'ont fait messieurs les officiers de l'armee, 
en daignant penser a moi dans cette occasion. Je compte aller rendre mes 
devoirs a son excellence le General Washington, aussitot que le traite de- 
finitif sera signe, et j'aurai l'honneur de les assurer de vive voix de ma 
respectueuse reconnoissance. 

" Je saisis avec un grand empressement cette occasion de vous renouveller 

les sentiments du tres parfait et tres respectueux attachment avec lesquels 

j'ai l'honneur d'etre, Monsieur le Baron, 

votre tres humble, et 

tres obeissant serviteur, 

LE CHEVALIER DE LA LUZERNE. 

Monsieur, Monsieur le Baron de Steuben, Major-General ) 
au service des Etats Unis, au Quartier General." \ 

The Baron having also communicated a letter from Major 
L'Enfant, enclosing a design for the medal and order, con- 
taining the emblems of the institution, 

Resolved, That the bald eagle, carrying the emblems on its 
breast, be established as the order of the society, and that the 
ideas of Major L'Enfant, respecting it and the manner of its 
being worn by the members, be adopted. That the order be of 
the same size, and in every other respect conformable to the 
said design, which for that purpose is certified by the Baron de 
Steuben, president of this convention, and to be deposited in 
the archives of the society, as the original, from which all 
copies are to be made. Also, that silver medals, not exceeding 
the size of a Spanish milled dollar, with the emblems, as de- 
signed by Major L'Enfant, and certified by the president, be 
given to each and every member of the society, together with a 
diploma, on parchment, whereon shall be impressed the exact 
figures of the order and medal, as abovementioned j anything 



THE CINCINNATI. 



17 



in the original institution, respecting gold medals, to the con- 
trary notwithstanding. 
Major L'Enf ant's letter is as follows : 

Pkiladelphie, le 10 Juin, 1783. 

" Mon General, 

Aussitot apres la reception de votre lettre en date du 20 Mai, laquelle 
ne m'est parvenu que le 7, ay ant, ete par hazard a la poste, je me suis oc- 
cupe des prqjets de la medaille. Je vous envoye les desseins de deux 
faces, que j'ai fait, en grand, a fin qu'on puisse mieux juger de l'ensemble. 
Lors de l'execution on la reduira a la grandeur convenable, qui pour peu 
que Ton exige de precision dans le dessein, ne doit pas etre plus petite 
qu'un dollar, le sujet se trouvant trop complique pour que less details 
puissent etre appercus sous une plus petite dimension. 

" Je ne l'ai point fait ovale, ainsi que vous me le demandez, vu que cette 
forme est peu propre a une medaille ; d'ailleurs, on pourra toujours la faire 
au moment de l'execution, si on persiste absolument a vouloir porter l'ordre 
sous cette forme, a laquelle je crois que tout autre seroit preferable ; ainsi 
que je crois et espere que vous en serez bien persuade, et ferez en sorte 
d'en convaincre les personnes qui composent le comite relatif a cette insti- 
tution, auxquelles je vous prie de communiquer les observations suivantes. 

" La medaille, ronde ou ovale, n'est considered dans les difFerents etats 
de l'Europe que comme une recompense d'artiste, d'artisant, ou comme un 
signe de communautede fabriquants ou societe religieuse — en outre, l'usage 
abusif que Ton en fait, particulierement en Allemagne et en Italie, d'ou il 
arrive en France, des baladins, des musiciens, decores de cette maniere, 
rend necessaire de distinguer cet ordre par une forme qui lui soit particu- 
liere, et puisse, en honorant celui qui en sera decore, remplir le double ob- 
jet de se faire respecter par son simple aspect, de ceux meme qui ne seront 
apportee d'en detailler les difFerentes empreintes. 

" Ce n'est pas que je croye qu'une forme, ouune autre changera l'opimon 
d'un peuple republicain accoutume a penser, mais je dis, que dans une in- 
stitution pareille, le premier but doit etre de se rendre respectable a tous 
les peuples du monde ; et que ce n'est qu'en parlant aux yeux qu'on attire 
l'attention du vulgaire, qu'il y a des prejuges d'habitude qui ne peuvent 
etre detruits — qu'un homme qualifie et deja decore en Europe ne portera 
pas une medaille, ou, si flatte de recevoir une marque de distinction d'une 
societe respectable, il la portoit, ce seroit d'une maniere peu propre a faire 
accrediter la valeur de l'ordre. Qu'au contraire, en lui donnant une forme 
nouvelle en particulier, ce sera ajouter a sa valeur reelle, celle de la rendre 
recommendable, en engageant ceux qui en seront decores a en faire parade 
de pair avec les autres ordres militaires, ce qui est le plus siir moyen de la 

mettre d'abord de niveau avec eux. 
3 



18 



PROCEEDINGS OF 



" Le bald eagle qui est particulier a ce continent et qui se distingue a 
celui des autres climats, par sa tete et sa queue blanches, m'a paru meriter 
de l'attention. 

" Je vous envoye deux essais que j'ai faits ; je desire que l'un des deux 
puisse etre adopte au lieu et place de la medaille. Dans l'un, je fais l'aigle 
supportant une etoile, a treize pointes, dans le centre de laquelle est ren- 
fermee la figure de la medaille avec les inscriptions, tant sur la face que 
sur le reverse. On pourroit ajonter une legende dans les serres et autour 
du col de l'aigle, avec une inscription particuliere, ou bien y transferre 
celle du contour de la medaille. Dans l'autre, j'ai fait l'aigle simplement 
portant sur sa poitrine la figure de la medaille, avec une legende dans ses 
serres et autour du col, laquelle lui repasse par derriere le dos pour soutenir 
le revers. Je prefererois le dernier, en ce qu'il n'a rapport a aucun ordre 
et porte avec lui un charactere distinctif, et ne seroit pas fort dispendieux 
a faire executer. Le premier menee, quoique plus complique, ne re- 
viendroit pas aussi cher qu'on pourroit le penser, toute fois qu'on en 
chargeroit des personnes capables de l'executer : ce qui ne peut avoir lieu 
non plus que relativement a la medaille qu'en l'envoyant en Europe, ce qui 
n'exigeroit pas beaucoup de tems, et ne seroit pas si dispendieux, que d'en 
confier l'execution a des personnes incapables. 

" Une medaille est une monument qui passe a la posterite, et par conse- 
quent il est necessaire qu'elle soit portee au degre de perfection possible 
dans le siecle ou elle est frappee. Or, bien frapper une medaille est une 
chose qui demande de l'habitude et un bon coin, or il n'y a ici ni balancier 
propre a cette besogne ni gens capables de faire un bon coin, je me 
chargerois volontiers de recommender l'execution de la medaille, de l'aigle 
ou ordre, a gens capables de le executer a Paris. 

" Bien loin que je propose de changer la medaille ovale en un aigle sur 
lequel seroit empreint cette medaille, je ne pretends pas dire qu'ils ne 
scavent pas frapper des medailles. Au contraire, voici qu'elle est mon 
idee a ce sujet. 

" On pourroit faire frapper ici des medailles d'argent aux frais communs 
de la societe, et en distribuer une a chacun de ses membres, comme une 
titre adapte a la patente de parchemin, sur laquelle il sera aussi a propos 
de graver la figure de la medaille, la forme de l'aigle ou de l'etoile, avec 
sa plus grande dimension, detaillant les couleurs, en soignant de s'y con- 
former, laissaint la liberte aux chevaliers que s'en pourvoyeront a leurs 
depens, de la faire de tel metal, et aussi petite que possible, sans alteration 
d'aucun des emblemes. II ne me paroit pas non plus a propos que les 
chevaliers honoraires portassent l'ordre pareille aux chevaliers de droit. II 
faudroit qu'on signifat qu'ils portassent la medaille, ou l'etoile, ou l'aigle en 
s'autoir, et les chevaliers a la 3me bouttoniere. 

" Mon General, ces sont les remarques que je vous prie de faire traduire, 



THE CINCINNATI. 19 

et de les soumettre a l'opinion generale. Je vous serois oblige de me faire 
savoir quelle issue cette lettre aura et quelle sera la decision qu'on en 
donnera. J'ai, &c. &c., 

L'Enfant. 

" N. B. La tete et la queue de Taigle seroient d'argent ou emaille en 
blanc, le corps et les ailes d'or, la medaille sur sa poitrine et sur son dos, 
emaille en couleur de meme que la legende. On pourroit y ajouter des 
branches de laurier et de chene dans les ailes, pour lors qu'on emailleroit 
en verd : l'etoile du medaillon seroit pointee en or, ou emaille bleu et blanc, 
ceux qui voudroient faire le depense pourroit avoir en diamant tout ce qui 
est blanc. Le ruban seroit moire comme celui de tou les autres ordres." 

Resolved, That the thanks of this convention be transmitted, 
by the president, to Major L'Enfant, for his care and ingenui- 
ty in preparing- the afore-mentioned designs, and that he be ac- 
quainted that they cheerfully embrace his offer of assistance, 
and request a continuance of his attention in carrying the de- 
signs into execution, for which purpose the president is desired 
to correspond with him. 

Resolved, That his excellency, the commander in chief, be 
requested to officiate as president-general until the first general 
meeting, to be held in May next. 

That a treasurer-general and secretary -general be balloted 
for, to officiate in like manner. 

The ballots being taken, Major-General M'Dougall was 
elected treasurer-general, and Major-General Knox secretary- 
general, who are hereby requested to accept said appointments. 
Resolved, That all the proceedings of this convention, in- 
cluding the institution of the society, be recorded (from the 
original papers in his possession) by Captain Shaw, who at 
the first meeting was requested to act as secretary, and that the 
same, signed by the president and secretary, together with the ori- 
ginal papers, be given into the hands of Major-General Knox, 
secretary-general to the society ; and that Captain North, aid- 
de-camp to the Baron de Steuben, and acting secretary to him 
as president, sign the said records. 

The dissolution of a very considerable part of the army, since 
the last meeting of this convention, having rendered the attend- 
ance of some of its members impracticable, and the necessity 



20 PROCEEDINGS OF 

for some temporary arrangements, previous to the first meeting- 
of the general society, being so strikingly obvious, the conven- 
tion found itself constrained to make those before-mentioned, 
which they have done with the utmost diffidence of themselves, 
and relying entirely on the candor of their constituents to make 
allowance for the measure. The principal objects of its ap- 
pointment being thus accomplished, the members of this con- 
vention think fit to dissolve the same, and it is hereby dissolved 
accordingly. 

The following are translations of the French letters in the 
proceedings : 

Philadelphia, 3d June, 1783. 

" Sir, 

I have received, with much gratitude, the institution of the respectable 
order that the officers of the American army have founded. If courage, 
patience, and all the virtues that this brave army have so often displayed 
in the course of this war could ever be forgotten, this monument alone 
should recal them. I dare assure you, sir, that all the officers of my nation, 
that you have been pleased to admit in your society, will be infinitely 
honored by it. I pray you to be fully persuaded I feel, for my part, in the 
most lively manner, the honor the officers of the army have done me, in 
deigning to think of me upon this occasion. 

" I expect to pay my respects to his excellency, General Washington, 
as soon as the definitive treaty shall be signed, and I shall have the honor 
of assuring them, personally, of my respectful acknowledgment. 

" I seize, with great eagerness, this occasion of expressing to you the 
sentiments of the most perfect and most respectful attachment with which 
I have the honor to be, 

Sir, your very humble, 
and very obedient servant, 

Le Chevalier de la Luzerne. 



To Baron de Steuben, Major-General 
in the service of the United States, 
Head Quarters." 



=1 



Philadelphia, 10th June, 1783. 



" My General, 

Immediately on receiving your letter of the 20th May, which I met by 
accident at the post office, on the 7th inst., I set myself about the plan of 
the medal. I send you both faces of the design, which I have made large, 
so that you may better judge of them. In the execution they can be re- 
duced to a convenient size, which, on account of the precision required in 



THE CINCINNATI. 21 

the design, ought not to be less than a dollar, the subject being too complex 
to admit of its being properly detailed in a smaller compass. 

" I have not made it oval, agreeably to your desire, as such a form is 
not proper for a medal ; besides, it can be done in the execution, if the idea 
should be persisted in of having the order in that form, to which, however, 
I think any other preferable. I also believe and hope that you will be 
persuaded of this, and endeavor to convince the gentlemen of it who com- 
pose the committee for forming the institution, and to whom I beg you to 
communicate the following observations : 

" A medal, whether round or oval, is considered, in the different states 
of Europe, only as a reward of the laborer and the artist, or as a sign of a 
manufacturing community, or religious society ; besides, the abusive cus- 
tom prevailing, particularly in Germany and Italy, of sending to France 
mountebanks, dancers and musicians, ornamented in this manner, renders 
it necessary to distinguish this order by a form which shall be peculiar to 
itself, and which will answer the two-fold purpose of honoring those in- 
vested with it, and making itself respected for its simplicity, by such as 
may be in a situation minutely to examine its different parts. 

" Not that I suppose one form or another will change the opinion of a 
republican people, accustomed to think ; I only say, that in an institution 
of this sort, the main design should be to render it respectable to every 
body, and that it is only in appealing to the senses that you can engage the 
attention of the common people, who have certain habitual prejudices 
which cannot be destroyed. A gentleman already invested with any Eu- 
ropean order would be unwilling to carry a medal, but if, flattered by re- 
ceiving a mark of distinction from a respectable society, he should do it, 
the manner of it would by no means increase the value of the order. On 
the contrary, giving it a new and particular form will be adding a recom- 
mendation to its real value, and engage those invested with it to wear it 
in the same manner as their other military orders, which is the surest 
means of putting it at once upon a footing with them. 

" The bald eagle, which is peculiar to this continent, and is distinguish- 
ed from those of other climates by its white head and tail, appears to me to 
deserve attention. 

" I send you two essays which I have made, and desire one of them may 
be adopted instead of the medal. In one, I make the eagle supporting a 
star with thirteen points, in the centre of which is the figure of the medal, 
with its inscriptions, as well in front as on the reverse. A legend might 
be added in the claws and go round the neck of the eagle, with a particular 
inscription, or the contour of the medal transferred there. In the other, I 
have made simply the eagle, supporting on its breast the figure of the 
medal, with a legend in his claws and about the neck, which passes be- 
hind and sustains the reverse. I would prefer the latter, as it does not 



22 PROCEEDINGS OF THE CINCINNATI 



*. 



resemble any other order, and bears a distant character ; nor will it be ex- 
pensive in its execution. The first device, although more complex, would 
not be so dear as people might imagine, especially if the execution of it 
should be committed to skilful persons, which would not be the case any 
more than with the medal, but by sending it to Europe, where it would not 
take up a great deal of time, nor be so expensive as to trust the execution 
of it here to workmen not well acquainted with the business. 

" A medal is a monument to be transmitted to posterity ; and, conse- 
quently, it is necessary that it be executed to the highest degree of perfec- 
tion possible in the age in which it is struck. Now, to strike a medal 
well, is a matter that requires practice and a good die ; and as there is not 
here either a press proper for this work, nor people who can make a good 
die, I would willingly undertake to recommend the execution of the medal, 
the eagle, or the order, to such persons in Paris as are capable of executing 
it to perfection. 

" So far from proposing to change the oval medal into an eagle, on which 
should be impressed the medal, I do not pretend to say medals cannot be 
made. On the contrary, my idea of the subject is that silver medals should 
be struck, at the common expense of the society, and distributed, one to 
each member, as an appendage to a diploma of parchment, whereon it 
would be proper to stamp the figure of the medal, the eagle, or the star, in 
its full dimensions, and properly colored, enjoining on the members to con- 
form to it, though leaving them the liberty, provided it be at their own ex- 
pense, of having it made of such metal and as small as they please, without 
altering any of the emblems. It seems to me by no means proper that the 
honorary members should wear the order in the same manner as the origi- 
nal members ; it would be necessary that they should wear the medal, the 
star, or the eagle, round their necks, and the original members at the third 
button-hole. 

" These remarks, I beg you, my general, to have translated and submit- 
ted to the gentlemen concerned. I shall be obliged to you to let me know 
the issue of this letter, and their decision upon it. 

I have, &c. &c. &c, 

L'Enfant. 

" N. B. The head and tail of the eagle should be silver, or enamelled 
in white, the body and wings gold, the medal on its breast and back ena- 
melled in the same color as the legend ; sprigs of laurel and oak might be 
added in the wings and enamelled in green — the star should be pointed in 
gold, or enamelled in blue and white ; those who would be at the expense 
might, instead of white, have diamonds. The riband, as is customary in 
all orders, should be watered." 



THE 

ACT OF INCORPORATION 

OP THE 

STATE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



-*♦+- 



Tuesday, VSth May, 1783. 

The Representatives of the American Army being assembled, 
agreeably to adjournment, the plan for establishing a Society 
whereof the officers of the American Army are to be mem- 
bers, is accepted, and is as follows, viz : 
It having pleased the Supreme Governor of the Universe, in 
the disposition of human affairs, to cause the separation of the 
colonies of North America from the domination of Great Britain, 
and, after a bloody conflict of eight years, to establish them 
free, independent, and sovereign states, connected, by alliances 
founded on reciprocal advantage, with some of the great princes 
and powers of the earth ; 

To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this 
vast event, as the mutual friendships which have been formed 
under the pressure of common danger, and, in many instances, 
cemented by the blood of the parties, the officers of the Ameri- 
can Army do hereby, in the most solemn manner, associate, 
constitute and combine themselves into one Society of 
Friends, to endure as long as they shall endure, or any of 
their eldest male posterity, and, in failure thereof, the collateral 
branches who may be judged worthy of becoming its support- 
ers and members. 

The officers of the American Army, having generally been 
taken from the citizens of America, possess high veneration for 
the character of that illustrious Roman, Lucius Qjjintius 
Cincinnatus, and being resolved to follow his example, by 



24 PROCEEDINGS OF 

returning to their citizenship, they think they may with pro- 
priety denominate themselves, The Society of the Cincin- 
nati. 

The following principles shall be immutable, and form the 
basis of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those exalted 
rights and liberties of human nature for which they have fought 
and bled, and without which the high rank of a rational being 
is a curse instead of a blessing. 

An unalterable determination to promote and cherish, be- 
tween the respective states, that union and national honor so 
essentially necessary to their happiness, and the future dignity 
of the American empire. 

To render permanent the cordial affection subsisting among 
the officers : This spirit will dictate brotherly kindness in all 
things, and particularly, extend to the most substantial acts of 
beneficence, according to the ability of the society, towards 
those officers and their families who unfortunately may be un- 
der the necessity of receiving it. 

The general society will, for the sake of frequent communi- 
cations, be divided into state societies, and these again into such 
districts as shall be directed by the state society. 

The societies of the districts to meet as often as shall be 
agreed upon by the state society, those of the state on the fourth 
day of July, annually, or oftener, if they shall find it expedient, 
and the general society on the first Monday in May, annually, 
so long as they shall deem it necessary, and afterwards, at least 
once in every three years. 

At each meeting, the principles of the institution will be 
fully considered, and the best measures to promote them 
adopted. 

The state societies will consist of all the members resident in 
each state respectively ; and any member removing from one 
state to another, is to be considered, in all respects, as belonging 
to the society of the state in which he shall actually reside. 

The state societies to have a president, vice president, secre- 
tary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer, to be chosen annually, 
by a majority of votes, at the state meeting. 



THE CINCINNATI. 25 

Each state meeting shall write annually, or oftener, if neces- 
sary, a circular letter, to the other state societies, noting what- 
ever they may think worthy of observation, respecting the good 
of the society, or the general union of the states, and giving in- 
formation of the officers chosen for the current year. Copies of 
these letters shall be regularly transmitted to the secretary- 
general of the society, who will record them in a book to be 
assigned for that purpose. 

The state society will regulate every thing respecting itself 
and the societies of its districts, consistent with the general 
maxims of the Cincinnati, judge of the qualifications of the 
members who may be proposed, and expel any member who, 
by a conduct inconsistent with a gentleman and a man of 
honor, or by an opposition to the interests of the community in 
general, or the society in particular, may render himself unwor- 
thy to continue a member. 

In order to form funds which may be respectable, and assist 
the unfortunate, each officer shall deliver to the treasurer of the 
state society one month's pay, which shall remain forever to 
the use of the state society, the interest only of which, if neces- 
sary, to be appropriated to the relief of the unfortunate. 

Donations may be made by persons not of the society, and 
by members of the society, for the express purpose of forming 
permanent funds for the use of the state society, and the inte- 
rests of these donations appropriated in the same manner as that 
of the month's pay. 

Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be subscribed 
in the societies of the districts, or the state societies, for the re- 
lief of the unfortunate members, or their widows and orphans, 
to be appropriated by the state society only. 

The meeting of the general society shall consist of its officers 
and a representation from each state society, in number not ex- 
ceeding five, whose expenses shall be borne by their respective 
state societies. 

In the general meeting, the president, vice president, secreta- 
ry, assistant secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer-generals, 
shall be chosen to serve until the next meeting. 

4 



26 PROCEEDINGS OF 

The circular letters which have been written by the respect- 
ive state societies to each other, and their particular laws, shall 
be read and considered, and all measures concerted which may 
conduce to the general intendment of the society. 

It is probable that some persons may make donations to the 
general society, for the purpose of establishing funds for the 
further comfort of the unfortunate, in which case, such dona- 
tions must be placed in the hands of the treasurer-general, the 
interests only of which to be disposed of, if necessary, by the 
general meeting. 

All the officers of the American army, as well those who 
have resigned with honor, after three years service in the capa- 
city of officers, or who have been deranged by the resolutions 
of Congress, upon the several reforms of the army, as those who 
shall have continued to the end of the war, have the right to 
become parties to this institution ; provided that they subscribe 
one month's pay, and sign their names to the general rules, in 
their respective state societies, those who are present with the 
army immediately, and others within six months after the army 
shall be disbanded, extraordinary cases excepted ; the rank 7 
time of service, resolution of Congress by which any have been 
deranged, and place of residence, must be added to each name ; 
and as a testimony of affection to the memory and the offspring 
of such officers as have died in the service, their eldest male 
branches shall have the same right of becoming members as 
the children of the actual members of the society. 

Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in any of the 
states, will have their names enrolled by the secretary-general, 
and are to be considered as members in the societies of any of 
the states in which they may happen to be. 

And as there are, and will at all times be, men in the respect- 
ive states eminent for their abilities and patriotism, whose views 
may be directed to the same laudable objects with those of the 
Cincinnati, it shall be a rule to admit such characters, as honor- 
ary members of the society, for their lives only : Provided 
always, that the number of honorary members, in each state, 
does not exceed a ratio of one to four of the officers or their 
descendants. 



THE CINCINNATI. 



27 



Each state society shall obtain a list of its members, and at 
the first annual meeting, the state secretary shall have en- 
grossed, on parchment, two copies of the institution of the so- 
ciety, which every member present shall sign, and the secretary 
shall endeavor to procure the signature of every absent mem- 
ber ; one of those lists to be transmitted to the secretary-general, 
to be kept in the archives of the society, and the other to remain 
in the hands of the state secretary. From the state lists, the 
secretary-general must make out, at the first general meeting, a 
complete list of the whole society, with a copy of which he will 
furnish each state secretary. 

The society shall have an Order, by which its members 
shall be known and distinguished, which shall be a medal of 
gold, of a proper size to receive the emblems, and suspended by 
a deep blue riband two inches wide, edged with white, descrip- 
tive of the union of France and America, viz : 

The principal figure Cincinnatus, three Senators present- 
ing him with a sword and other military ensigns, on a field, in 
the back ground ; his wife standing at the door of their cottage, 
near it a plough and instruments of husbandry ; round the 
whole, Omnia reliquit servare Rempublicam. On the re- 
verse, sun rising, a city with open gates, and vessels entering 
the port ; Fame crowning Cincinnatus with a wreath, inscribed 
Virtutis Prcemium. Below, hands joined, supporting a heart, 
with the motto, Esto Perpetua ; round the whole, Societas 
Cincinnatorum, instituta A. D. 1783. 

The society, deeply impressed with a sense of the generous 
assistance this country has received from France, and desirous 
of perpetuating the friendships which have been formed, and so 
happily subsisted, between the officers of the allied forces, in 
the prosecution of the war, direct, that the president-general 
transmit, as soon as may be, to each of the characters hereafter 
named, a medal containing the order of the society, viz : 

His excellency the Chevalier de la Luzerne, Minister 
Plenipotentiary, his excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary, their excellencies the Count D'Estaing, 



28 PROCEEDINGS OF 

the Count de Grasse, the Count de Barras, the Chevalier 
de Touches, Admirals and Commanders in the Navy. 

His excellency the Count de Rochambeau. Commander in 
Chief, and the Generals and Colonels in his army, and acquaint 
them that the society does itself the honor to consider them 
members. 

Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing institution be given 
to the senior officers of each state line, and that the officers of 
the respective state lines sign their names to the same, in man- 
ner and form following, viz : 

We, the subscribers, officers of the American Army, do here- 
by voluntarily become parties to the aforegoing institution, and 
do bind ourselves to observe and be governed by the principles 
therein contained — For the performance whereof we do 
solemnly pledge to each other our sacred honor. 

Done in the Cantonment, on Hudson's River, in the year 1783. 

That the members of the society, at the time of subscribing 
their names to the institution, do also sign a draft on the pay- 
master-general, in the following terms, (the Regiments to do it 
regimentally, and the Generals and other officers not belonging 
to regiments, each for himself, individually, viz : 

" To John Pierce, Esquire, Pay-Master- General to the 
Army of the United States. 
Sir, 

Please to pay to treasurer for the 

state association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one month's pay 
of our several grades respectively, and deduct the same from 
the balance which shall be found due to us on the final liqui- 
dation of our accounts ; for which this shall be your warrant." 

The Baron having also communicated a letter from Major 
L'Enfant, enclosing a design for the medal and order, con- 
taining the emblems of the institution — 

Resolved, That the bald eagle, carrying the emblems on its 
breast, be established as the order of the society ; and that the 
ideas of Major L'Enfant respecting it and the manner of its 
being worn by the members be adopted ; that the order be of the 
same size, and in every other respect conformably to the said de- 



THE CINCINNATI. 29 

sign, which for that purpose is certified by Baron de Steuben, 
president of this convention, and to be deposited in the archives 
of the society, as the original from which all copies are to be 
made. Also, that silver medals not exceeding the size of a 
Spanish milled dollar, with the emblems, as designed by Major 
L'Enfant and certified by the president, be given to each and 
every member of the society, together with a diploma on parch- 
ment, whereon shall be impressed the exact figures of the order 
and medal as above mentioned, any thing in the original insti- 
tution respecting gold medals to the contrary notwithstanding. 

CINCINNATI OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
July Ath, 1791. 

On motion of Mr. Irwin, seconded by Mr. Moore, 
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to take proper 
measures for obtaining an Act of Incorporation, agreeably to a 
resolution of the general society, in May last ; the committee 
to consist of Thomas L. Moore, Francis Johnston, and Daniel 
Brodhead. 

Be it Remembered, that we, the members of the state society 
of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, having associated for the 
charitable purposes in the foregoing instrument in writing con- 
tained, and being desirous to acquire and enjoy the powers and 
immunities of a corporation, or body politic in law, have pre- 
pared the said instrument, in writing, specifying the objects, 
articles, conditions and name, style or title, under which we 
have associated, in order that we may exhibit and present the 
same, agreeably to the directions of an act of the general 
assembly of Pennsylvania, entitled " An Act to confer on 
certain associations of the citizens of this commonwealth the 
powers and immunities of corporations or bodies politic in law ;" 
and that it may be perused, examined, approved of, transmitted 
and enrolled, agreeably to the directions of the said recited act ; 
and that we and our successors forever may thereupon, accord- 
ing to the objects, articles and conditions in the said instrument 
in writing set forth and contained, become and be a corporation 
or body politic in law and in fact, to have continuance by the 



30 PROCEEDINGS OF 

name, style and title of The State Society of the Cincinnati of 
Pennsylvania ; with all the rights, powers, privileges, immu- 
nities and advantages whatsoever, which in or by the said 
recited act are mentioned and declared : and with powers, also, 
by the name, style and title aforesaid, to take, receive and hold 
all and all manner of lands, tenements, rents, annuities, fran- 
chises and hereditaments, and any sum and sums of money, 
and any manner and portion of goods and chattels given and 
bequeathed unto us or our successors, to be employed and dis- 
posed of according to the objects, articles and conditions of the 
said instrument in writing, or according to the articles and by- 
laws of us or our successors, or of the will and intention of the 
donors. 

Provided always nevertheless, That the clear yearly value 
or income of the messuages, houses, lands and tenements, rents, 
annuities, or other hereditaments and real estate, of us or of our 
successors, in our corporate or politic capacity aforesaid, and 
the interest of money by us lent in the same capacity shall not 
exceed the sum of five hundred pounds. 

Done at Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, this 
sixteenth day of September, in the sixteenth year of the inde- 
pendence of the United States, by all the members of the state 
society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, by us the subscribers, 
beino- for that purpose especially authorized and empowered by 

them. 

Thomas L. Moore, 

Francis Johnston, 

Daniel Brodhead. 

I have perused the instrument which specifies the objects, 
articles, conditions and name, style or title, under which the 
state society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania have associated, 
or mean to associate, and on an examination of the same, am of 
opinion that the objects, articles and conditions therein set forth 
and contained, are lawful, and the design charitable. 

Jared Ingersoll, Attorney General. 

September 24th, 1791. 

We, the Justices of the Supreme Court of the Commonwealth 



THE CINCINNATI. 31 

of Pennsylvania, hereby certify, that at a Supreme Court, held 
at Philadelphia, for the said commonwealth, on the third day of 
January, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety-two, an act or instrument of incorporation of the 
state society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, by the name, 
style and title of " the state society of the Cincinnati of Penn- 
sylvania," signed by divers members of the said society, together 
with the opinion of Jared Ingersoll, Esquire, attorney-general 
of the said commonwealth, thereon, was exhibited to the said 
supreme court, who, having perused and examined the same, 
concur with him in opinion that the objects, articles and con- 
ditions therein set forth and contained, are lawful. 

Thos. M'Kean, 
Edwd. Shippen, 
J. Yeates, 
Wm. Bradford. 

Enrolled, 4th Jime, 1792. 

I, Mathew Irwin, Esquire, Master of Rolls for the State of 

Pennsylvania, do hereby certify the preceding writing to be a 

true copy (or exemplification) of a certain act or instrument of 

incorporation enrolled in my office, in law book No. 4, page 

485, <fcc. 

In Witness whereof, I have hereunto 
IpMmg set my hand and seal of office, the 7th 

oa Seal g (j a y f j u iy Anno Domini, 1792. 

WW 

Mathew Irwin, M. R. 

In the name, and by the authority of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, Thomas Mifflin, Governor of the said Com- 
monwealth, 

To Mathew Irwin, Esquire, Master of the Rolls, in and 
for the said Commonwealth, 

SENDS GREETING. 

Whereas it has been duly certified to me, by Jared Inger- 
soll, Esq., Attorney-General of the said commonwealth, and by 
Thomas M'Kean, Esq., Chief Justice, and Edward Shippen, 
Jasper Yates, and William Bradford, Esquires, Justices of the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, that they have respectively 



32 PROCEEDINGS OF 

perused and examined the foregoing act or instrument for the 
Incorporation of " The state society of the Cincinnati of Penn- 
sylvania," and that they concur in opinion that the objects, 
articles and conditions therein set forth and contained, are law- 
ful : Now know you, that in pursuance of the act of the gene- 
ral assembly, in such case made and provided, I have trans- 
mitted the said act or instrument of incorporation unto you, the 
said Mathew Irwin, master of the rolls aforesaid, hereby 
requiring you to enroll the same at the expense of the appli- 
cants, to the intent that according to the objects, articles and 
conditions therein set forth and contained, the parties may 
become and be a corporation, or body politic in law and in fact, 
to have continuance by the name, style and title in the said 
instrument provided and declared. 

Given under my hand, and the great seal of the State, at 
Philadelphia, the eleventh day of July, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, and of the Com- 
monwealth the seventeenth. 

THO. MIFFLIN, [l.s.] 

By the Governor^ 

A. J. Dallas, Secretary. 

I, Mathew Irwin, Esquire, Master of Rolls for the State of 

Pennsylvania, do hereby certify the preceding writing to be a 

true copy (or exemplification) of a certain act or instrument of 

incorporation enrolled in my office, in law book No. 4, page 

485, &c. 

In Witness whereof, I have hereunto 

set my hand and seal of office, the 
| Seal. | llth day f j uly 1792 . 

Mathew Irwin, M. R. 



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STANDING BY-LAWS 



OF THE 



PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

July 9th, 1784. 



►»•<»< 



The report of the committee on the by-laws was taken up 
and debated by paragraphs, and several amendments being" 
made the whole was agreed to, (except the eleventh article, 
which was postponed until the next meeting) as follow : 

I. To preserve the principal intendment of the institution, 
and to obviate the inconveniencies that might result from the 
proceedings of too small a proportion of members, no business 
relating to the society shall be transacted in any state meeting 
composed of less than thirty, except to adjourn from day to day ; 
each absentee, in future, shall be fined, at the discretion of the 
society, unless they transmit sufficient reasons : The fines to be 
proportioned to official, local, and other circumstances, but not 
to exceed four dollars ; also, any members chosen to represent 
this society at the general meetings, or who may be elected to 
any office, or appointed to any committee, and who shall refuse 
or neglect to act in or attend thereto, shall be fined, in like 
manner. 

II. Should the president and vice president be both absent, a 
chairman shall be chosen, to preside till one of them shall 
attend. 

III. All fines shall be paid to the treasurer, and added to the 
contingent fund, for the use of the society ; donations may also 



34 PROCEEDINGS OF 

be paid him, which shall be appropriated to the benevolent 
purposes only of the institution. 

IV. At each annual meeting there shall be chosen seven 
members, who, with the officers, shall form a standing com- 
mittee for the ensuing year ; four of whom, with the president 
or vice-president, shall be a quorum. Their business shall be 
to call extra meetings, whenever they may deem it necessary, 
(giving at least thirty days public notice thereof, in two or more 
of the newspapers) to afford temporary relief to such applicants 
as may be entitled to it ; to judge of the qualifications of those 
who may claim admission into the society; to examine the 
books and accounts of the treasurer ; to grant warrants for all 
incidental expenses that may accrue ; to make such communi- 
cations as may appear to them essential to promote the design 
of the institution ; to appoint proper persons to fill any vacant 
offices which may happen by death or removal, until the next 
state meeting ; to transact such other business as cannot be de- 
ferred without manifest injury to the interests of the society ; 
and to report their proceedings to the society in their state meet- 
ing. 

V. The treasurer shall give bond, in a penalty proportioned 
to the value of the funds, to the president, and his successors 
in office, in trust for the society, for the faithful discharge of his 
duty ; and shall keep regular accounts, and submit them to the 
inspection of the standing committee, when required by them 
so to do. 

VI. No monies shall be paid by the treasurer, but on a war- 
rant of the president or vice president, agreed to in a state 
meeting, or in the standing committee. 

VII. Each delegate from the society to the general meeting 
shall be allowed thirty-five shillings per day, whilst employed 
upon that business, in lieu of all expenses, to be paid on a war- 
rant from the president or vice-president, by the treasurer, from 
the contingent fund. 

VIII. As this institution recognizes the great principle " of 
laying down, in peace, ' arms assumed for public defence ;' v as 
the members of this society rejoice in a perfect equality with 



THE CINCINNATI. 35 

their fellow-citizens ; and, as their military employments and 
commissions no longer exist, all use of military titles shall be 
discontinued in their meetings. 

IX. Besides the president, vice-president, treasurer and secre- 
tary, there shall be an assistant-treasurer, and an assistant- 
secretary also, who, as well as the other officers, shall be elected 
by ballot, at the annual meetings. Delegates to the general 
society shall be elected, in like manner, at the state meeting 
next preceding each triennial meeting of the general society. 

X. All officers, delegates, and members of the standing com- 
mittee, shall continue in their respective authorities, till other 
appointments are made in their stead. 

XL No rule, or by-law, shall be altered, nor any new rule or 
by-law made, until it has been proposed at one state meeting, 
and agreed to at another. 

XII. At every meeting of the society, similar rules, with re- 
spect to order in debate, shall be observed, as are observed in 
the legislature of this state. 

XIII. The institution, as altered and amended, together with 
the by-laws, shall be engrossed on parchment, and entered on 
the minutes. 

Tuesday, My 5, 1785. 

On motion, Resolved., That the eleventh section of the by- 
laws stand as follows : 

No rule, or by-law, shall be altered, nor any new rule, or by- 
law be made, unless agreed to by two-thirds of the members 
present. 

On motion, Resolved, That whenever the society shall have 
money for loan, on interest, not more than five hundred dollars 
of it shall be advanced to any one person, without the special 
order of the society for that purpose first obtained ; and that, in 
all such cases a member offering sufficient security be pre- 
ferred. 

July 5, 1788. 

Resolved, That whenever a member of this institution shall 
be impeached for conduct inconsistent with that of a gentle- 
man and a man of honor, the accusing member shall always 



36 PROCEEDINGS OF 

produce his charge in writing, at a state meeting, which meet- 
ing shall, if a majority of the members present think proper, 
appoint a committee of three or more of their number to inquire 
into and substantiate the facts, with every additional informa- 
tion respecting the conduct of the member accused, or members, 
as may turn up in the course of their investigation, and at a 
future meeting of the society the expulsion or acquittal of the 
person or persons so accused, shall be decided upon. 

July 4, 1789. 

On motion by Mr. Turner, seconded by Mr. Febiger, 

That on the expulsion of any member of this society, the 
name or appellation of such member, together with his profession 
or vocation, and place of residence (be published at least 
times in one or more of the newspapers of this city, and that 
copies of the said publication) be transmitted to the several 
societies in the United States, and to the general society in 
France. 

Adopted July 5, 1790, excepting the words in italics. 

July 6, 1789. 

Ordered, That the name of a member who makes a motion, 
and the name of him who seconds it, shall be inserted in the 
minutes. 

On motion of Mr. Moore, seconded by Mr. Jackson, it was 
agreed, 

That that part of the Resolve of October, 1783, which de- 
clares that in the election of honorary members, five black balls 
shall exclude any candidate, should be re-considered. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Moore, seconded by Mr. 
Jackson and negatived ; 

That in the election of honorary members the votes of two- 
thirds of the members present shall be necessary to the election 
of any candidate. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Rogers, seconded by Mr. Turner, 
it was unanimously agreed ; 

That four-fifths of the votes of the members present, shall, in 
all elections for honorary members, be necessary to the choice 
of any candidate. 



THE CINCINNATI. 37 

On motion of Dr. Bond, seconded by Mr. Moore ; 

Ordered^ That every candidate as honorary member, shall be 
proposed by two members present. 

July 5, 1790. 

On motion of Mr. Stewart, seconded by Mr. Robinson ; As it 
is the wish of this society to pay every just and proper atten- 
tion to the memory of their deceased brethren, 

Resolved, That on the death of any member of the society, 
who may happen to be in Philadelphia, whether belonging to 
this or any other State, the secretary shall announce the same 
in the newspapers so soon as it comes to his knowledge, inviting 
the members to attend the funeral, with their order, cockade, 
and side arms ; notifying the place and hour at which they are 
to assemble. The procession to be headed by the president 
and vice-president, the other members to form two and two ; 
and the Pall, if agreeable to the friends of the deceased, to be 
supported by six members of the society. 

July 4, 1793. 

On motion of Major M'Connell, seconded by Capt. Wigton, 
it was 

Resolved, That, in meetings of the Standing Committee, the 

members shall, in case of the absence of the president and vice 

president, have power to appoint a chairman to preside for the 

transacting of business. 

July 4, 1797. 

On motion of Gen. Macpherson, seconded by Major Jackson, 

Resolved, That twenty members shall be a quorum to trans- 
act the business of this society. 

July 4, 1810. 

On motion of Mr. Charles Biddle, seconded by Mr. Jackson, 
the following preamble and resolution were unanimously 
adopted : — 

61 To establish a permanent memorial of their respect for the 
memory of the late father of his country, General George 
Washington, by the erection of a monument in the city of 
Philadelphia, has long been the wish of those who are desirous 
of perpetuating the recollection of his virtues. 



38 PROCEEDINGS OF 

" Anxious to promote the execution of a work which shall at 
once do justice to the subject, and confer credit upon the state 
which erected it, this Society Resolves, 

" That a committee be appointed to propose a plan for rais- 
ing, by subscription, such sums of money as they shall deem 
sufficient for the purpose of erecting a 

MONUMENT TO THE MEMORY OP GENERAL WASHINGTON, 

That the plan, when prepared, shall be submitted to the Stand- 
ing Committee, and when approved by them, shall be carried 
into effect. 

"That Major Lennox, Judge Peters, Major Jackson, Mr. 
Biddle and Mr. Binney, be a committee for the above purposes ; 
and that they also be authorized, under the direction of the 
Standing Committee, when the subscription has been com- 
pleted, to procure a proper site for the monument, and have it 
erected." 

July 4, 1815. 

On motion of Mr. Binney, seconded by Mr. McEuen, 
Ordered, That the Treasurer's accounts be hereafter settled 
by the Standing Committee, at their last meeting before the 4th 
of July in each year, and be reported to the society as settled, to 
be entered on the society's minutes. 

July 4, 1833. 
An Act to authorize the State Society of the Cincinnati of 
Pennsylvania to enjoy a larger income. 
Section 1. Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Re- 
presentatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in Gene- 
ral Assembly met ; and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the 
same, that notwithstanding the proviso contained in the fourth 
section of the Act entitled " An Act to confer on certain Asso- 
ciations of the citizens of this commonwealth the powers and 
indemnities of corporations or bodies politic in law," it shall be 
lawful for the corporation called and known by the name of the 
State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, to take, receive 
and hold, all and all manner of lands, tenements, rents, annui- 
ties, franchises and hereditaments, and any sum and sums of 
money, and any manner and portion of goods and chattels given 



THE CINCINNATI. 39 

and bequeathed unto them, to be employed and disposed of 
according to the objects, articles and conditions of the instru- 
ment upon which the said corporation is formed and established, 
or according to the by-laws thereof. 

Provided, That the clear yearly value or income of the 
messuages, houses, lands and tenements, rents, annuities, or 
other hereditaments and real estate of the said corporation, and 
the interest of money by them lent, shall not exceed the sum of 
three thousand dollars. 

Approved, March 18, 1833. 

Pamphlet haws, 1832, '33, page 79. 






EXTRACTS FROM THE 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE GENERAL SOCIETY, 

AT THEIR MEETINGS, 

Held in the City of Philadelphia, in May, 1800. 



» ♦♦•»■ « - 



Tuesday, May 6, 1800. 

It was moved by Mr. Bingham, and seconded by General 
Bloomfield, 

That a respectful testimonial to the memory of General 
Washington be entered on the records of the General Society 
of the Cincinnati, which was unanimously agreed to, and 

Mr. Bingham, Major Pinckney, and General Dayton, were 
appointed a committee to prepare and report the same. 

Wednesday, May 7, 1800. 

Mr. Bingham, from the Committee appointed for that purpose, 
reported the following testimonial of respect to the memory of 
General Washington, which was twice read, unanimously 
agreed to, and ordered to be entered on the records of the 
society, as the first act of the present general meeting after its 
organization. 

Under the most profound impression of veneration and affec- 
tion, the Society of the Cincinnati, at a general meeting, are 
called upon to express the mournful tribute of their sorrow at 
that awful dispensation of Providence which has recently re- 
moved from their councils their much revered and lamented 
President General. 

The arduous though successful struggle which terminated 
in establishing the liberties of our country, and in which they 



42 PROCEEDINGS OF 

fought under his banners, and shared with him the dangers 
and toils of the field, attached him to this Society by ties of 
the most intimate and endearing nature. His valor and pru- 
dence seemed to control the events of war, led the American 
armies to victory, and achieved the independence of their 
country. Whilst mingling their tears with those of their fel- 
low citizens, they are naturally impelled to pour out the effu- 
sions of a deep regret for the irreparable loss which they have 
sustained. 

But it is not only in their relationship to this illustrious 
character, as soldiers, that the Society of the Cincinnati have 
cause to deplore his loss. 

When the storm of war had ceased to rage, and the blessings 
of peace had been restored, their country was suffering under 
the weakness of a confederation, which threatened the existence 
of that Union which their joint efforts in arms had so essentially 
contributed to establish. 

With his auspicious co-operation a Constitution was formed, 
calculated by its wisdom and energy to redeem us from that 
prostrate state to which we had been reduced, and to restore 
that reputation which our country had lost, from the imbecility 
of the old system. The administration of the government was 
committed to his care, and his country will ever hold in grate- 
ful remembrance the inflexible virtue and fortitude with which 
he conducted its affairs, and saved it from the effects of domestic 
faction and foreign intrigue. 

After a second retirement from the active scenes of public 
life, in which his merits as a statesman rivalled his fame as a 
soldier, his country, at the approach of danger, again required 
his services. The crisis was important, and the situation deli- 
cate. A nation which had mingled its blood with ours in the 
defence of our liberties, had now assumed a hostile appearance. 
A war from this unexpected quarter threatened the peace of our 
country. 

Washington, who never hesitated when urged by a sense 
of duty, obeyed the call of the government. He again aban- 
doned his beloved retirement, hazarded a reputation consum- 



THE CINCINNATI. 43 

mate in every point of view, and assumed the command of the 
armies. His military companions, who had frequently witnessed 
the magnanimity of his conduct in seasons of adversity as well 
as of triumph, felt the full force of their country's appeal to arms 
whilst Washington was their leader. 

In this momentous crisis of our affairs, by the inscrutable 
decrees of heaven, he was snatched from America and the 
world. 

Under this pressure of calamity, which more peculiarly 
operates upon the sensibilities of this Society, their only conso- 
lation is derived from the animating reflection, that although 
he is summoned to the enjoyment of the happy destinies of a 
future state, the bright example of his virtues and talents will 
still survive, and the inheritance of his name prove a future in- 
centive to heroes and legislators who will strive to emulate his 
fame, and merit the glory he has acquired. 



General Bloomfield, from the committee appointed to examine 
the records of the Society, and report to this meeting the state 
of the Institution, made report as follows : 

The committee appointed to examine the records of the 
Society, and report to this meeting the state of the Institution, 
as relative to the alteration of the Constitution, which was pro- 
posed by the general meeting, held in the city of Philadelphia, 
in the year 1784, beg leave to report, 

That on inspecting the documents in the possession of 
the Secretary General, they do not find that any additional 
communications have been made from the several State So- 
cieties since the circular letter from the general meeting of 
1796, on the subject of the proposed alteration above referred to. 

From the silence which the State Societies have observed, 
after the pressing circular letters of the general meeting, your 
committee are led to conclude that they do not accede to the 
proposed reform ; and your committee conceive therefrom that 
they are authorized to resort to the general meeting. 

That the Institution of the Society of the Cincinnati remains 
as it was originally proposed and adopted by the officers of the 



44 



PROCEEDINGS OF 



American army, at their Cantonment on the banks of the Hud- 
son river, in 1783. 

May 7th, 1800. 

Joseph Bloomfield, ) 

Enos Hitchcock, > Committee. 

Eben. Huntington, ) 

Which report, on motion of General Smith, seconded by 
Colonel Lawrance, was unanimously adopted. 



The Officers of the General Society of the Cincinnati. 

July 4, 1800. 

Major General Alexander Hamilton, President General. 

Major General Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Vice President 
General. 

Major William Jackson, Secretary General. 

Brigadier General William Macpherson, Treasurer Gene- 
ral. 

Dr. Nathan Dorsey, Assistant Secretary General. 

The Officers and Standing Committee of the Pennsylvania 
Society of the Cincinnati, for the year commencing Jidy 
4, 1S00. 

Major General Edward Hand, President. 

Brigadier General Stephen Moylan, Vice President. 

Major William Jackson, Secretary. 

Major Mathew M'Connell, Assistant Secretary. 

Charles Biddle, Esq., Treasurer. 

Col. James Moore, Assistant Treasurer. 

Standing Committee. 

Colonel Thomas L. Moore. 
Colonel Francis Mentges. 
Brigadier Gen. William Macpherson. 
Doctor Nathan Dorsey. 
Rev. Dr. William Rogers. 
Colonel William Nicholls. 
Captain John Markland. 



THE CINCINNATI. 45 

State of the Funds of the Society ', appropriated to Charitable 

Purposes, July 4, 1800. 

Dols. Cts. 

In 8 per cent. Stock of the United States, 300 00 

6 per cent, stock of 1801, 4,212 61 

3 per cent stock, 20,286 57 

$24,799 18 

Annual Interest of 

Dols. Cts. Dols. Cts. 

300 00 at 8 per cent., 24 00 

4,212 61 at 6 per cent., 252 75 

20,286 57 at 3 per cent., 608 59 

$885 34 
Beside some small sums due to the Society in Bonds and 
Notes, which are not effective. 

State of the Funds of the Society appropriated to Charitable 

Purposes, July 4, 1841. 

Pennsylvania State 5 per cents., $32,400 00 

Sinking Find, July 4, 1841. 
Pennsylvania State 5 per cents., $2,235 70 

Washington Monument Fund, July 4, 1841. 
Pennsylvania State 5 per cents., $15,686 11 



The Officers of the General Society of the Cincinnati, 

July 4, 1841. 

Major Gen. Morgan Lewis, of New- York, President General. 

Major William Shute, of New- Jersey, Vice President General. 

Alexander W. Johnston, of Pennsylvania, Secretary General. 

Thomas McEuen, of Pennsylvania, Assistant Secretary Gene- 
ral. 

Colonel Joseph W. Scott, of New- Jersey, Treasurer General. 

William Jackson, of Pennsylvania, Assistant Treasurer Gene- 
ral. 



THIS LIST OF MEMBERS 



OF 



THE STATE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI 



OF 



PENNSYLVANIA, 



Was made in conformity with a resolution of the Society, passed the 
Fourth day of July, 1831, the Fifty-Fifth Anniversary of American Inde- 
pendence, and ordered to be reprinted by the Standing Committee on the 
2d day of December, 1840, for the use of the members. 
The following gentlemen being officers, July 4, 1841 : 



President, 
Vice President, 
Treasurer, 

Assistant Treasurer, 
Secretary, 



Callender Irvine. 
Alexander W. Johnston. 
John R. Latimer. 
John H. Markland. 
William Jackson. 
James Glentworth. 



Assistant Secretary, 

standing committee. 
Patrick Hayes, James S. Caldwell, 

Thomas Robinson, Thomas McEuen, 

Thomas M. Willing, George W. Sargent, 

John Steele. 






^fe^t^&£f^^ 




T '7*zs*. 



4^t~> 











cca/s .VfojEfeu 







ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



WQ.- Deceased. . . . THOMAS MIFFLIN. 
ttt,-. Deceased.... ARTHUR ST. CLAIR. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



.... 



•> -> > i i 



Brigaftieiv(©merals. 

US-,- Deceased. . . .EDWARD HAND. 
(it- Deceased.... WILLIAM IRVINE. 
,L *. - Deceased. . . .PETER MUHLENBURGH. 
/tr # - Deceased.... ANTHONY WAYNE. 



. . . son Jasper. 
. . . son Callender. 

• • • 

. . . son Isaac. 



1809. 

,' <\ 

180&- '' ' ' 

■< ■> > i 

■> , > ,> 

■» ■> * 

1797. . . . 

> > > > 

■> J J > 
1 » > . . 

> » » » » 

B 

» > » » » 

* l » 1 » 
» t > 
»» »i» 

» i > > 



» 1 » t » 

> » 

> » > » » 



1 t » > > 
» » » 

•> » » » » 



» » » » > 



> > » 
» i 



>' 3 » 



48 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



Jr,(rv 

jr. on 

fata 

fsj; 

/(fhr Ifb 

ffitb 



Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 



(Holoncls. 

..DANIEL BRODHEAD. 
..RICHARD BUTLER. 
..JAMES CHAMBERS. 
..THOMAS CRAIG. 
..RICHARD HUMPTON,, 
..FRANCIS JOHNSTON. 
..ROBERT MAGAW. 
..ISAAC MELCHOR. 
..STEPHEN MOYLAN. 

..THOMAS PROCTOR. 
..WALTER STEWART. 



'*t) 



Deceased . . . 
Deceased . . . 
Deceased . . . 
Deceased. . . 
Deceased . . . 
Deceased . . . 

Deceased . . . 

Deceased . . . 
Deceased . . . 
Deceased . . . 
Deceased. . . 



Cteutenant-doloneU. 

.STEPHEN BAYARD. 
.WILLIAM BUTLER. 
.JOSIAH HARMAR. 
.ADAM HUBLEY. 



.FRANCIS .MEN 
MU 

.FRANCIS NICHOLS. 



.FRANCIS MURRAY., 



.CALEB NORTH. 
.ANDREW PORTER. 
.THOMAS ROBINSON. 
.ANTHONY F. WEIBERT. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son Richard J. 1811. 



son Alexander W. 1816. 



son William. 1802. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son Josiah. 



1825. 



nephew William 
F. 1814. 



son Thomas. 



1821. 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



49 



fflu>v Deceased. 

&,m> Deceased. 
bi,*f Deceased. 
ft* - Deceased . 
i?» ~ Deceased. 

ff t _ Deceased. 

S9, - Deceased. 

X*}t - Deceased. 

fi>, - Deceased . 

J7a— Deceased. 

^>,- Deceased. 
ft),- Deceased. 
Tb, - Deceased . 
fty, - Deceased . 
91. U^ Deceased. 
Pf t — Deceased . 
fy t ~ Deceased. 
jii, — Deceased. 
5V.- Deceased. 



...WILLIAM ALEXANDER. 
. . . JOHN ARMSTRONG. J Z 
...ISAAC CRAIG. 
...ISAAC B. DUNN. 
...EVAN EDWARDS. 
...DAVID S. FRANKS. 
...JAMES GREIR. 
...JAMES HAMILTON. 
...WILLIAM JACKSON. 

...THOMAS L. MOORE. 

...JAMES MOORE. 
...WM. MACPHERSON. 
. . .SAMUEL NICHOLAS. 
...JAMES PARR. 
...FRANCIS PROCTOR. 
...JAMES R. REID. 
...JEREMIAH TALBOT. 
...GEORGE TUDOR. 
. . .FREDERICK VERNON. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son Wm. Richard. 1811. 



son James. 



1827. 



son William. 1829. 

^ grandson Thomas 
} Moore Willing. 1824. 



son Samuel. 



1802. 



1 > 



> > .I 
son George. 1815. 



i -> ■> > > 

^ > i 
> ' ' i 

V , 1 

1 

1 T> 1 

1 

' > ) > ) 



1111 
11111 



' ) < > 1 
■> •> •> t 1 



Till) 

-> » 1 

> 

11111 



111). 

1 

1 1 1 1 1 



ill,, 

111,1 

■> > > 

>„ ' .* 

1111 
■•'I,' 



> 1 ' 
> 1 1 



1 



50 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



40, - 

<«o, _ 
4*.- 
#,- 

40,1$ 
4>>~ 

4e, - 

46, -,'.' 

i 9 f < 

4t, -i 

', . We* - 

u *fi , - 
b 4£,—< 
,4t.~ 

4t, - 

4t,~ 
4fi- 



Deceased. . . .JAMES ARMSTRONG. 
Deceased.... JOHN BANKSON. 
Deceased.... BEN J. BARTHOLOMEW. 
Deceased. . . .HENRY BICKER. 
Deceased.... HENRY BEDKIN. 
Deceased. . . .THOMAS BOUDE. 
Deceased.... THOMAS B. BO WEN. 
.JACO] 



Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased . . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased . . 

Deceased . . 

Deceased . . 
■ 

Deceased . . 

, Deceased . . 

deceased . . 

Deceased . . 



BOWER. ,, 
.SAMUEL BRADY. 
.JOHN BRICE. 
.THOMAS BUCHANAN. 
.JACOB BUNNER. 
.EDMUND BOURKE. 
.GEORGE BUSH. 
.JOHN BUSH. 
.THOMAS BUTLER. 
.ROBERT CALDWELL. 
.THOMAS CAMPBELL. 
.JAMES CARNAHAN. 
.JAMES CHRISTIE. 
.JOHN CHRISTIE. 
.JOHN CLARK. , ., . j k 
.ABRM. G. CLAYPOOLE. 



Deceased. . . .ROBERT COLTMAN. 

Deceased. . . .JOHN CRAIG. 

* 

, Deceased. . . .JESSE CROSLEY. 



Deceased . 
■ Deceased. 
. Deceased . 

Deceased . 



.THOMAS DOUGLASS. 
.JOHN DOYLE. 
.JAMES DUNCAN. 



Deceased. . . . WORSLEY EMES.(^ #2T^J 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son John. 



1824. 



son Washington. 1828. 
son Henry. 1823. 



son Joseph. 



1801. 



son Thomas. 1838. 



ty^-d/*^ 



CJ,64fcc~- 



/fV6 



son Jno. Moreton. 1825. 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



51 



to,- 

40.- 
49. - 



CAPTAITVS, Continued. 

Deceased.... WILLIAM FERGUSON. 
Deceased. . . .JOSEPH L> FINLEY. # 
Deceased. . .. WALTER FINNEY. 

JNJAMIN FISHBURN. . . 
.JEREMIAH FREEMAN. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



Deceased. 
Deceased. 
Deceased . 
Deceased . 
Deceased . 



.JAMES GIBBON. 

.CLEMENT GOSSELIN. 

.WILLIAM GRAY. 
Deceased.... WILLIAM HENDERSON. 
Deceased.... JOSEPH HOWELL. 

.BERNARD HUBLEY. 



W, _ Deceased 



40.- 

#,- 
At,- 
AQ, - 

4</.— 

40.,- 
4<t, — 



Deceased. 
Deceased. 
Deceased. 
Deceased. 
Deceased . 



.JACOB HUMPHREY. . , , 
.ANDREW IRVINE. 



WJSUf*^*^ 



.JO 

.JEREMIAH JACKSON.,, 



...LAWRENCE KEENE 
Deceased.... SAMUEL KENNEDY. 

Deceased JAMES LANG. 

Deceased.... JOHN LAWRENCE. 
Deceased.... PHILIP LIEBERT. 
Deceased.... WILLIAM LUSK. 

Deceased.... WILLIAM MACKAY. 

Deceased.... JOHN MARSHALL. 
Deceased.... WILLI AM MARTIN. 
Deceased.... JOHN M'CLELAND. 
Deceased.... JAMES M'CLURE. 
Deceased. . . .MATTHEW M'CONNELL. 
Deceased .... ROBERT M'CONNEL. 
Deceased.... GEORGE M'CULLY. 
Deceased.... WILLIAM M'CURDY. 
Deceased. . . .F. M'INTIRE. 



M z >? i8w (^ B.e. &^& t fy&,}y 



son Andrew. 1814. 

son Benjamin B. 1814. 



son Lawrence. 1808. 



^ grandson James 

I H. ^*^U^1826. 



%W 4 fa faS6»»»u& /&? 



52 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



M - 
&, - 

4*, - 

^. — 

^,— 
<*A - 

>^. - 

n. - 
40. — 

4ft* - 

4lf.~ 
33.U; 
l3,bo 
I/O, -. 



Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 

Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . , 
Deceased . . , 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 
Deceased . . 



CAPTAINS, Continued. 

..JAMES MONTGOMERY. 

..SAMUEL MONTGOMERY. 
..JOHN NICE. 
..ALEXANDER PARKER. 

..ROBERT PARKER. 

..FREDERICK PASCHKE. 

..JOHN PATTERSON. 

..ROBERT PATTON. 

..JOHN PEARSON. 

. . ZEBULON PIKE. 

..WILLIAM POWER. 

..THOMAS PRY. 

..JOHN REILY. 

..WILLIAM RICE. , , V1 

..ROBERT SAMPLE. 

..JOHN PAUL SCHOTT. £u3i 

..ANTHONY SELIjtf^ 
..JOHN SHARP. 
..JONAS SIMONDS. 
..SAMUEL SMITH. 

.WILLIAM SPROAT. 
..JACOB STAKE. 

.JOHN STEELE. 

.STEPHEN STEVENSON. 

.JOHN STOTESBURY. 

.PHILIP STRUBING. 

.GODFREY S WARTS. 

. SAMUEL TO LBERT. , , 

.CHARLES TURNBULL. 



Deceased.... BARTHOL. VONHEER. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 

S grandson Montgome- 
l ry Lewis. 1840. 

1814. 



son James 



nearest collat. rela- 
tive,J.E.Porter.l805. 



son John C. 



1814. 



son John Paul. 1830. 



son John. 



1807. 



son James. 1810. 
son John. 1827. 



son John. 



1823. 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



53 



4b - Deceased 

4/». — Deceased . 

i/4, — Deceased . 

4f0. - Deceased . 

33,3q Deceased. 

V*>, Deceased . 

&9* Deceased . 

46, Deceased . 



33.30 Deceased. 

t&'tO Deceased. 

ib.lo Deceased . 

^•'4 Deceased. 

l*iv$ Deceased. 

3>,5o Deceased. 

ll.htf Deceased. 

33.3<y Deceased. 

}}.$9 Deceased. 

ikW Deceased. 

)3,')i) Deceased. 



CAPTAINS, Continued. 

...ISAAC VANHORNE. 
...WILLIAM VANLEAR. 
...JOB VERNON. 
. . . ANDREW WALKER. 
...JOHN B. WEBSTER. 
...ROBERT WILKIN. 
. . .WILLIAM WILSON., 
..DAVID ZEIGLER. 

(Haptain-Cteutenanb. 

...JOSEPH ASHTON. 
...JOHN BARCLAY. 
...JOHN BOYD. 
...SAMUEL DOTY. 
...JOHN HUGHES. 
...JAMES LLOYD. 
...WILLIAM M'ELHATTON. 
...MATTHEW M'GUIRE. 
...JAMES SMITH. 
. . JOHN STOY. 
...JOHN STRICKER. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son Samuel H. 1825. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son John Louis. 1832. 






54 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



/4.U 


Deceased . . 


Cimtcimnjbs., succeeded by i 

. . JOHN ARMSTRONG. 


ais 


vbJ)* 


Deceased . . 


. .BLACKALL WM. BALL 




i4U 


Deceased . . 


. . ERKURIES BEATT Y. 






Deceased. . 
Deceased. . 


. . ALEXANDER BENSTED. .... 
..WILDER BURIN. .... 




zLU 


Deceased. . 


. . SAMUEL BRYSON. .... son John H. 


1811. 


tih 


Deceased. . 


. .EDWARD BUTLER. .... son E. G. W. 


1829. 


tlh 


Deceased . . 


. . JAMES CAMPBELL. .... son Henry M. 


1816. 


iLlo 


Deceased. . 


. . EDWARD CRAWFORD 




7J).h 


Deceased . . 


. . LLWELLIN DAVIS. .... son Thomas. 


1811. 


i4.h 


Deceased. . 


. . EBENEZER DENNY. 


•* 


U.h 


Deceased . . 


..THOMAS DOYLE. 




zkh 


Deceased. . 


. . THOMAS DUNGAN. 


!»• 


illv 


Deceased . . 


..ABNER M. DUNN. 


s - 


iklu 


Deceased. . 


. . MICHAEL EVERLY. 




tkU 


Deceased . . 


. . RICHARD FULLERTON son Spencer. 


1811. 7 


33.S0 


Deceased. . 


..JAMES GAMBLE. 




Mb 


Deceased . . 


..JAMES GILCHRIST. 


\)V«V 


i^.h 


Deceased . . 


. . JAMES GLENTWORTH son James. 


1839. 


J3M> 


Deceased. . 


..HENRY GRIER. 




1 1. U 


Deceased. . 


..LEVI GRIFFITH. 




3XSO 


Deceased . . 


..JONAH HALLET. 




liJli 


Deceased . . 


. . DAVID HAMMOND. 




74.J>6 


Deceased. . 


..JOHN HARPER. 




?iJ* 


Deceased . . 


. . ANDREW HENDERSON 




zJ>J* 


Deceased . 


..HENRY HENLEY. 






Deceased . 
Deceased. 


. . . STE WART^ HERBERT. .... 
. . .EZEKIEL HOWELL. 




%k. h# 


Deceased . 


...JOHN HUGHES. 




$1Ao 


Deceased . 
Deceased . 


. . . JOHN HUMPHREY. .... fr 
...CHEV. LAMBERT. .../ 


C<- &i./u~<^ 







ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



55 



X>ii 



iLU 


Deceased. 


U.ht 


Deceased . 


U.lit 


Deceased. 


U.I* 


Deceased . 


d.h 


Deceased . 


vl.h(f 


Deceased . 


lUfi 


Deceased . 


ll;.h 


Deceased. 


U.lt 


Deceased . 


jjf.lt 


Deceased . 


ikU 


Deceased. 


ikU 


Deceased . 


UfJfii 


Deceased . 


li.lo 


Deceased. 


UJ$ 


Deceased . 


U.I a 


Deceased . 


t/j.h 


Deceased . 


U.l(t 


Deceased . 


ih.U 


Deceased . 


ihio 


Deceased. 


lit. ho 


Deceased . 


iL}>4 


Deceased . 


U.f?o 


Deceased. 




Deceased . 
Deceased . 


U.lo 


Deceased . 


il.U 


Deceased . 


lLLo 


Deceased . 


ik.lif 


Deceased . 


\Jf.h/r 


Deceased . 


] d.hff 


Deceased . 


U.lo 


Deceased . 



LIEUTENANTS, Continued. 

.GEORGE LE ROY. 
.BENJ. LODGE. 
.ANDREW LYTLE. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



nft 



. anthoineTmarcellin. 
.john mahon. 
.john markland. 
.robert martin, 
.john m'cullem. 
.william m'dowell. 
.james m'farlane. 
.john mackinney. 
.david m'knight. 
.james m'lean. 
.james m'michael. 
.william moore, 
.j. f. macpherson. 
.william murrin. 
.jacob mytinger. 
.george north, 
.robert peoples. 
..gabriel peterson, 
.james pettigrew. 
.henry piercy. 

.'.JOHN PRATTf 
..JONATHAN PUGH. 
..HENRY D. PURSELL. 
..SAMUEL READ. 
..ENOS BEEVES. .. ,,, 
..PHILIP SCHRAUDER. 
..DANIEL ST. CLAIR. 
..NATHANIEL SMITH. 



son John H. 



1838. 



son John. 



1833. 



son John. 



1809. 







J/U 



Cvy^cil ti~> 



6l*&m /rvsr 






56 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



JtlbO 








/a4M 




LIEUTENANTS, Continued. 


SUCCEEDED BY HIS 


Deceased. . 


..PETER SMITH. 




rt.l* 


Deceased. . 


..EDWARD SPEIR. 




HJ* 


Deceased . . 


. . WILLIAM STEWART. 




Me 


Deceased . . 


..JOHN STRICKER. 




MJo 


Deceased . . 


. . FRANCIS THORNBURY. . . 


. ..JnsM^d, /fv^ 


Mi 


Deceased . . 
Deceased. . 


..JOHN^B. TILDON. - • 
..JOHN VANCOURT. 


dli 


Deceased. . 


..JOHN WARD. 




lJ.it 


Deceased . . 


..JOHN WEIDMAN. 


. .son Jacob B. 18« 


U.ib 


Deceased. . 


..JOHN WIGTON. 




il}§ 


Deceased. . 


..JACOB WEITZEL. 




l,l?,l>0 


■6-lcjuh+jC , t 


. ?ta,n,tii /jr/utc (*rfUUtl ) 





<©ttartcrmaster~*<!3fttcral. 

Hrv.fa Deceased .... TIMOTHY PICKERING 

&■"+"*-. ■ - f^Usui^ <£6«**u^ (»*#r/u>UZ) 




J«-<±+f<u>t , . , . 4Jl&6**w &^4*Hy/ jwf^Ud} 






ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



57 



Sf.ov Deceased. 

f<J, - Deceased. 

ff,~ Deceased. 

fZ-,- Deceased. 

iiLXif Deceased. 

fa.fti Deceased. 

f]> Deceased . 

Deceased . 

Deceased . 

Deceased . 

Deceased. 

Deceased . 

Deceased , 

Deceased . 

Deceased , 

Deceased , 

Deceased 



*f> 

ti- 
ff, 

ff, 

if, 
ff. 



Surgeons 

...WILLIAM ADAMS. 
...READING BEATTY. 
...BARNABAS BINNEY. 
...THOMAS BOND. 
...ANDREW CALDWELL. 
...WILLIAM CATHCART. 
...JAMES DAVIDSON. 
...ANDREW LEDLIE. 
...HUGH MARTIN. 
...MATHEW MAUS. 
...THOMAS H. M'CALLA. 
...SAMUEL A. M'COSKRY. 
...JOHN M'DOWELL. 
...WILLIAM MAGAW. 
...PETER PERES. 
...JOHN R. B. RODGERS. 
....GEORGE STEVENSON. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



son Horace. 1802. 



son James S. 1826. 



r 






son Henry. 



1830. 






Deceased . 
Uk •- Deceased . 



. .m^BB* ALLISON. f^&^cCj 
..GEORGE HUNTER. 



^ 



58 



ORIGINAL MEMBERS. 



3*4 t'S 



(Iljaplaina. 

Deceased.... ROBERT M'MURDIE. 
Deceased.... WILLIAM ROGERS. 



SUCCEEDED BY HIS 



O0,0(; 



Jfaoal daptcuns. 



Deceased. . . .JOHN BARRY. 

Deceased. . . .RICHARD DALE. 
Deceased .... PAUL JONES. 



{ nearest col. rel. Pat- 
* * ' * \ rick Hayes. 1816. 

. . . . son J. Montgomery. 1827. 







>*• s 






HONORARY MEMBERS. 



■Tm* 



/» 



Deceased. . . .CHARLES BIDDLE, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .WILLIAM BINGHAM, Esq. 
*iT>.oo Deceased. . . .SHARP DELANEY, Esq. 
dlio Deceased. . . . JOHN DICKINSON, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .DAVID LENOX, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .BLAIR M'CLENAGHAN, Esq. 

Deceased. . . . SAMUEL MILES, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .THOMAS M'KEAN, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .WILLIAM MOORE, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .ROBERT MORRIS, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .JOHN PATTON, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .RICHARD PETERS, Esq. 

Deceased. . . .JAMES WILSON, Esq. 

Deceased.... Ifo.^MELCHER. <S^ 

Deceased .... Capt. DENNIS COTTENEAU. 

Deceased.... Col. WILLIAM NICHOLS. 
}r,oo Deceased.... Lieut. Col. WM. WARD BURROWS. 

Deceased.... Capt. DAVID HARRIS. 

Deceased .... Com. WM. BAINBRIDGE. y£ 

/<W<W . . . .Capt. JAMES BIDDLE. 

....Maj. Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Deceased .... Maj. Gen. GEORGE IZARD. JtUyt-£ .... 



J^£^& ....1789. 
....1789. 

/rr...//& 

....1789. 

/z^yy& ....1789. 

/ilZ///? ....1789. 

£ ....1789. 

Oc/rdt~>/3T. . . . /pff 

....1789. 







/LU*£h?...Gen. THOMAS CADWALLADER 

....Capt. CHARLES STEWART. 
Deceased.... Maj. PIERCE BUTLER. ~/>jL/l{ 

/<-<**-£..... JOHN SERGEANT, Esq. 



V¥ 



&£/*/* ' 



.1816. 
.1817. 
.1823. 



,. .^la^ty.^c^pc &*6r^Ao^ yL&Jfr , , ,/Jfyf, 






*&■'« 






MEMBERS ADMITTED 



IN RIGHT OF THEIR ANCESTORS 



A 



{^&C 



£L/3-->W 



/i-^c*&>zs£r 



c«_>*?- 



^C\b 



/M-Cjl cut <_ oC 



BUNNER, JODEPII /*-Cr^_ 

Binney, Horace 
Butler, Richard 
Bryson, John H. 
Butler, Ri cha rd J. 
B.ower, Henry 
"Bartholomew, John 
Boude, Washington 
Butler, E. G. W. 
Barclay, John Louis 
Butler, Thomas 



/3t7^£, /^vf/^^. 



7 



/fsy 



j/t/fi^tificJfr^ Jy> a? 



*&>^~*<-i 



/}*--C^<-^-~l 



*^>->^-X^ — 



1801 father, Capt. Jacob 

1802 " Surgeon Barnabas 
1802 " Col. Wm. 
1811 " Lieut. Samuel 
1811 " Col. Richard 

1823 " Capt. Jacob 

1824 " Capt. Benjamin 

1828 " Capt. Thomas 

1829 " Lieut. Edward 
1832 " Capt. Lieut. John 
1838 " Capt. Thomas 



Stt^hil. "k^ JUtw^ /&S<^. c/t 



9- 




MEMBERS ADMITTED IN 



Campbell, Henry M. 
Caldwell, James S. 



t-tfT?C^Vu<!Hi^ (/f*~C<AA£jl °£~ 



r 



6sUUuttJ£ £ttMis>o~^ ^ 



1816 

1826 






A 



Dunn, Wm. Richards 
Davis, Thomas 
Davis, John Moreton 
Dale, J. Montgomery 



~<0<iYii dl^ttic 



/9?c it ^n- v. ££i/&. 



ItslS 



father, Lieut. James 
Jt Surgeon Andrew 






1811 
1811 
1825 

1827 



mi 



/fs& 



father, Maj. Isaac B. 

Lieut. Llewellen 
Capt. John 
Capt. Richard 



.. 



« 



t^Ltt-fA^T-t, JU^ t/^^ist-t^Ur^L^- 



RIGHT OF THEIR ANCESTORS. 



63 



Elbert, John Nicholson 



Deceased 



FULLERTON, SPENCER 



As^J^ &*~ 73 



Deceased Greir, James 

jy,„,^y GLENTWORTH, JAMES 




.s^m^d 



1841 father, Dr. John L.— Mary- 
land State Society. __ 



1811 father, Lieut. Richard 



////i j^ff ^-^sd- /% 



yen 



*J 



&&n-i£r>l4--4 . 



1827 father, Maj. James 
" Lieut. James 



1839 " Lieut. James 



&/ZsO<J<^rUJj 



64 



MEMBERS ADMITTED IN 



Hand, Jasper 
Henderson, Andrew 

/~^^^*L_HoWELL, BENJ. B. 

Hayes, Patrick 
Harmar, Josiah 
H eyer, William 



Deceased 






26 



OS7SLJSI 



VZyZ 



^~ 



1809 father, Gen. Edward 
1814 " Capt. William 
1814 " Capt. Joseph 
1816 collat. Capt. John Barry. 
1825 father, Gen. Josiah 
1833 New Jersey State Society. 



focOL f< 



//, 



>^V 



£^ £~-&?4^^c-^- 




-/,& 




/Kn, 



/ts £ m<~/z /£?^*S . (//z-tr? sQr 






/ 



Irvine, Callender 
Johnston, Alexander W. 
Jackson, William 



Deceased 






/JW 



Keene, Lawrence 



i0^-C^jL /<^-c+t^ <ftu^K+-^C^ 



<2^l^ ±t^z^f -p 






1802 father, Gen. William 
1816 « Col. Francis 
1829 | fat h e r, Maj. Wm. (S. C.) 



<^L/d~^S^ /v-»~l- 



1808 father, Capt. Lawrence 



RIGHT OF THEIR ANCESTORS. 



65 



Latimer, John R. 
Lewis, Montgome ry 



■*tLMs7A^ <yfyt~PhJ cTb^ CV&jOj 



/KL 



Deceased M'Euen, Thomas 

Morris, Charles Augustus 
M'Euen, Thomas 
Mackay, James H. 
M'Knight, John 
Markland, John H. 
M'Lane, Louis 



1821|father, Dr. Henry, of Del. 
1840 , grandfather, Capt. JameS/^^*^ 



&4& 




**■>> 




&*M*<j4aL /faw* 






~fiu 



Hl/*6*yJuk d,/Z**L 



7WS- 



/hrtt. 



± 



+r* tir, <%/, Vy 



Ju^u/c/^c^/, -&&, Jl 



% 




ffi+tJb/* 



1813jbrother, Jno., N. Y. St. Soc. 
1816 father, Dr. Jno., Gen. Soc. 
182oi M Thomas 
1826 grandfather, Capt. Wm. 
1833 father, Lieut. David 



1838 
1841 



7^2. 



///.a 



/ 



s/i 



a 



Lieut. John 

Capt.Allen,Del. St. So. 



~f^«^>U^tffl^ 



,'7«^7Ct^._ l-^^-,^ r'rP gfc^^^^t-tf^ 



4.%*aL. &y 4*~ ^srfa~AL4~U' . 



66 



MEMBERS ADMITTED IN 




Nicholas, Samuel 
Nichols, Wm. F. 
i Nice, James 
(/^cuh-wL Neville, Morgan 
Nice, Levi 



?ic*6*6 -/f"W . tf~£ 



1802 
1814 
1814 
1819 
1833 



father, Maj. Samuel 
uncle, Col. Francis 
father, Capt. John 

" Gen. Presley, of Va. 
brother, James 



// 



4 



£~^. ;A i /;w^ 



Porter, John Ewing 
Deceased Pettigru, John 
Deceased Patton, John €. 



**^., t^f? fcj.%^ 






1805collat. Capt. Robert Parker. 
]. 809 [father, Lieut. James 
Capt. Rrthftrt 



1814 



IS24S- 



tSvi 



u 



^UIAl, f/rkM.": fu*/JJ 



4<j-as&-fah^X^ x^t^v/'^- 



j&L 



teacp 



SU^lst^tS 



RIGHT OF THEIR ANCESTORS. 



m 



**U^t-e~*~<L^-*L' 



Robinson, Thomas 



x^/Ls-tr-t^-*-*/*^^ ^/fL*->i^c^0 



1821;fath er, Col. Thomas 



Tfij 



7 



////> 



Decea>se4jj3e»0T'p > Ja»N ftmL 
Deceased Stewart, William 
/^^/-ok|S HARP) John 

Deceased Sproat, James W 
Jcu&l+sC Stewart, Walter 
<^.<^o— ^Z Steele, John 
/A-^— ^^jSchott, John Paul 
frc uo^+tO Stevenson, H. S. (M. D.) 
Sargent, George W. 



StyfcJtF?'* 



*7& 



A,-X^K~*~7 



*tM>u-/ f^i_/ 



JJu J ,Ui 



^C^L. lirzKzJzz. 



tv<_y 



I>~~A£; ^T-^u.fiu^'jUyl* 



r 




^2-t— ' 



yA^-Cih-c^, \yfam <sfcs-~£z? 



1802 
1807 
1810 
1815 
1827 
1830 
1830 
1839 



n 



.. 



tm 



'/ 



ffs-3 



/?ru 



/Fry 



/Psy 



father, Gapk John ^ c/*lol ^Xu^A/ 
Col. Walter f*7Z^ 

Capt. John 
Capt. William 

brother, William 

Surgeon George 

Col. Winthrop, Mass. 



«< 



« 







gg MEMBEKS ADMITTED IN RIGuT OF THEIR ANCESTORS. 



/HstUMtsC Tudor, George 



Deceased 




Tolbert, John 



Wayne, Isaac 
Willing, Thomas M. 
Wilson, Samuel H. 
Weidman, Jacob B. 






1815 father, Mai. George 
1823 

7*2 



^»^W- /t^£Co 'oc^^r- /FST 



v-6-<u^/i 



L4, OL. 14. 




£ 



W 









Capt. Samuel 



1797father, Gen. Anthony 
1824'grandfather, Maj. T. L.Moore. 
1825 father, Capt. Wiiiiam 



1830 



Wrt 



■ 'fS\ 






Yf'^ri- 



u 



Lieut. John 



/d<?L«~/4 &C- vksCjrKJ 



ty*\~X U~~oC*- /1^-<^Cj /'ir^y*-*-^ 



^Z-t.t.<** <ts 



/£<^L . J/jCs hf. 7fuu 



T 



I 



• -