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Ninth Annual 




FEBRUARY 25, 26 and 27, 1890. 



mday-School Convention | 



Edwards & Broughton, Printers and Binders. 




State Sunday-school Association. 















The UNION of all Christians for the salvation of all 

We must save the children if we would save the 

'• It is not the will of our Fathei in Heaven that ONE of 
these little ones should perish." — Matt, xviii: 14. 

1. A Sunday school within reach of every home in our 
State. 2. A Convention, at least once each year, 
within reach of every Sunday-school teacher. 3. A 
working Sunday-school organization in every county 
and township. 4. The visitation of every house, to 
invite all to Church and Sunday-school, and to make 
known to all God*s free offer of Salvation through 
Jesus Christ. 

W. A. BLAIR. President. Winston. 


. . F. S. Blair Menola. 

. .G. T. Adams . . _ Newbern. 

..Geo. Chadbourn .-Wilmington. 

. . Rev. L. J. Holden Littleton. 

. S. M. Parrish Raleigh. 

..J. H. Southgate Durham. 

..Wm. Black Maxton. 

. _ Rev. E. W. Smith Greensboro. 

..H. C. Dunn Clear Creek. 

R. N. Hackett Wilkesboro. 

. . Gen. R. B. Vance Asheville. 

. Rev. W. H. Leith Franklin. 

Recording Secretary — J. W. Gore. Chapel Hill. 

Statistical Secretary — II. N. Snow, Durham. 


Treasurer— W. H. Sprunt, 

Geo. W. Watts, Chairman, Durham. 
E. J. PARRISH, Durham. W. H. Reisner. Salisbury. 

.1. S. CARR, Durham. S. A. Kerr. Greensboro. 

X. B. Broughton, Raleigh. G. P. McNeill, Fayetteville. 

and the above named officers of the Association. 


No. Where Held. President. Date. 

I. Raleigh John B. Burwell Nov. 1878. 

II. Greensboro Rev. D. R. Bruton Nov. 1S79. 

III. Salisbury Rev. J. Rumple Nov. 1SS0. 

IV. Salem—. Rev. C. H. Wiley Sept. 188c 

V. Raleigh Rev. C. II. Wiley Feb. 1882. 

VI. Winston Rkv. C. H.Wiley.. Nov. 18S2. 

VII. Raleigh E. J. Parrish March, 1888. 

VIII. Charlotte Rev. T. H. Pritchard April, 1889. 

IX. Wilmington W. A. Blair Feb. 1890. 

X. Fayetteville 1891. 

Sen. fv 

Viet $ 


Sunday=school Convention, 

FIRST DAY— Morning Session. 

Tuesday, February 25, 1890. 

The Convention was called to order at 9:30 by President 
Rev. T. H. Pritchard, D. D. 

Hymn — "Come Sound Plis Praise Abroad." 

Prayer by the Rev. E. A. Yates, D. D. 

Hymn— "Nearer My God to Thee." 

Bible reading by Rev. W. S. Creasy. Psalm 119 was read 
and the Word emphasized by appropriate remarks. 

Prayer by Rev. J. W. Primrose. 

Words of welcome by Rev. P. H. Hoge, D. D., and Rev. 
F. I). Swindell, D. D. 

Response by Prof. W. A. Blair. 

The President announced the Convention ready for busi- 

On motion, the Chair appointed the following Committees: 

Committee on Nominations — W. H. Sprunt, V. Ballard and 
S. A. Kerr. 

Committee on Resolutions— Prof. W T . A. Blair, Rev. W. S. 
Creasy and Dr. J. F. Harrell. 

Committee on Business of this Session — H. N. Snow, E. H. 
Merritt and N. B. Broughton. 

Reports of Executive Committee, Statistical Secretary and 
Treasurer postponed until the Evening Session. 

Programme as prepared by Executive Committee adopted, 
with change in hours of meeting, as follows: 9 a. m., 3 p. m., 
and <S p. m. 

On motion, adjourned. 

/ % i+ (o 


4 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Afternoon Session. 

Vice-President Rev. E. A. Yates, D. D., in the chair. 

Praise service conducted by Rev. F. D. Swindell, D. D. 

Gospel Hymn, No. 74. 

Prayer by Rev. P. R, Law. 

Gospel Hymn, No. 145. 

Reports of Districts and Counties deferred until the State 
Map could be put in place. 

Brief reports from the following towns were made: Dur- 
ham, Greensboro, Rockingham, Raleigh and Shelby, when 
the hour for the address by Dr. Pritchard was announced. 



At the anniversary of the Sunday-school Union in Philadelphia, May 
23, 1832, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church being in ses- 
sion in the city at the same time, and the friends of the Sunday-school 
cause present, representing fifteen Slates, it was resolved to hold a 
National Convention in the city of New York in the fall of that year. 

Accordingly, the proposed Convention assembled in Chatham Street 
Chapel. New York, October 3, 1832. and was organized by the election 
of Hon. Theodore Fnlinghuyseu as President, and Dr. D. M. Reese and 
J. B. Brinsmade, Secretaries. Fifteen States were represented and 220 
delegates were present, among whom were such distinguished men as 
Drs. Durbin, Nathan Bangs, and Messrs. Wm. Goodell, J. H. Taylor, 
W. H. Byron, Arthur Tappan and F. A. Packard. 

The second National Convention was held in Philadelphia in May, 1833. 
Hon. Willard Hall was chosen as President; L. Q. C. Elmer and M. S. 
Denman, Secretaries. But nine States were represented, and this Con- 
vention was regarded as almost a failure. 

Twenty-six >ears elapsed before the third Convention was hell. It 
met in Philadelphia, February 22, 1859, and was called to order by Geo. 
H. Stuart. Ex-Gov. Pollock was made President, and H. C. Trumbull 
and George Baughman, were Secretaries. Seventeen States and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia were represented, and there was one delegate, Peter 
Sinclair, from Great Britain. Many eminent men took part in the pro- 
ceedings, among whom were Drs. S. H. Tyng, Thomas Brainerd, Rich- 

Sunday-School Convention. 5 

ard Newton. Alfred Nevin, Alfred Cookman, with Messrs. James Pollock, 
Ralph Wells, R. G. Pardee, Albert Woodruff and Geo. W. Cliipman. 

Another National Convention did not meet for ten years — the fourth 
one being held in Newark, April, 1869. Geo. H. Stuart was President; 
H. C. Trumbull, J. H. Vincent and B. F. Jacobs, were Secretaries. This 
was a great meeting — twenty-eight States and one Territory were repre- 
sented, besides Canada, England, Scotland, Ireland, Egypt and South 
Africa, by 526 delegates. 

The fifth National Convention, and in many respects, the most impor- 
tant of all, certainly of those held up to this time, met in Indianapolis, 
April. 1872. P. G. Gillett, LL.D., was made President. Twenty-two 
States and one Territory were represented by 338 delegates. Represen- 
tatives were also present from Canada, Great Britain, India, and formal 
communications were received from England, Scotland, Switzerland, 
France and Holland looking to a closer union of Sunday-school workers 
throughout the world. It was at this Convention that the Uniform Les- 
son System was adopted. This grand conception originated in Chicago, 
and in the brain and heart of that great lay- worker, B. F. Jacobs, who 
is still Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Con- 
vention. As the history of this movement possesses peculiar interest, I 
quote from the Sunday-school Times the editoi 's account of this part of 
the proceedings: 

" The interest of the Convention culminated, as was expected, in the 
Uniform Lesson question. To this almost everything seemed to be 
tending from the beginning of the session. The slightest allusion to the 
subject created a perceptible ripple over the body. And when the ques- 
tion came up in the regular order, an intensity of feeling was exhibited 
that is rarely seen in a public assembly. At times it reached the morally 
sublime. After the earnest speech of Mr. B. F. Jacobs, who had been 
appointed to lead the discussion, and during the brief speeches for and 
against which followed, the scene was indescribable. A quiver of eager 
desire seemed to thrill the whole body. It wis known that a strong 
feeling in favor of the project was abroad in- the Sunday-school com- 
munity, but the feverish anxiety and solemnly set purpose of such vast 
numbers, manifesting itself in such intensity, was hardly expected even 
by the most ardent and sanguine advocates of the system. There was 
scarcely a corporal's guard of opponents to the measure. Although in 
the morning, when the question was broached, repeated cries of " ques- 
tion " were made the counsel of caution prevailed, and the measure was 
not rushed through in hot haste, but left for the afternoon session. The 
ardor of its advocates had not at all cooled by the delay, the final vote 
being almost unanimous, and its announcement being greeted by the 
Convention rising to their feet and singing the long-metre doxology." 

In accordance with this vote, a Lesson Committeeof five ministers and 
five laymen were chosen from the United States, and one minister and 

6 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

one layman from Canada, to prepare the first seven years" courses of 
lessons from 1872 to 1879. No man from the South was on this Lesson 

The first International, and the sixth National, Convention was held 
in Baltimore, May, 1875. Rev. George A. Peltz, D. D., was chosen 
President: Rev. E. TV. Rice, of Pennsylvania; Rev. M. B. DeWitt, of Ten- 
nessee; Rev. Alfred Andrews, of Iowa, and Eben Shute, of Massachu- 
setts, and E. C. Chapin, of Iowa, were Secretaries. Here, for the first 
time, we see the South taking part in the Convention aud represented 
in its officers. The sessions were held in the Masonic Temple. The 
number of delegates present was 463; twenty of them were from Canada. 

The second International Convention was held in Atlanta, April, 1878. 
Gov. A. H. Colquitt, of Georgia, was chosen President; Hon. F. R. 
Loomis. of Ohio: E. S. Wagoner, of Pennsylvania; Rev. J. Wm. Jones, 
of Virginia: John E. Ray, of North Carolina, and John McEwen, of Can- 
ada, were Secretaries. I was a delegate, with six or seven others, from 
North Carolina to this Convention, and was much impressed by the 
ability as well as the earnest working energy of the body. Of those 
who spoke, I recall Rev. Dr. John Hal!. J. H. Vincent, J. A. Worden, 
J. Munro Gibson, then of Canada, now of London: Atticus G. Haygood, 
of Georgia: W. S. Plumer. of South Carolina, now dead; W. C. Van- 
Meter, of Rome. Italy, also dead: Dr. H. Mac Vicar; of Canada; A. J. 
Baird, of Tennessee: C. L. Goodell. of Maryland, and Prof. W. F. Sherwin. 
also dead. 

At this Convention it was determined to have the South represented 
on the Lpssoii Committee, and. as a member of the nominating commit- 
tee, I had the honor to propose the name of Dr. John A. Broadus to 
represent the Baptists. Dr. Moses D. Hoge, of Richmond, Va. , was 
re-elected to represent Southern Presbyterians, and Dr. Cunningham, of 
Nashville, Term., Southern Methodism. This was the first Convention 
held in the South proper, and was a large and enthusiastic session. 

The third International Convention was held in Toronto, Canada, 
June, 1881. The Hon. S. H. Blake, of Toronto, was made President, 
with five Secretaries from the United States and Canada. Communica- 
tions were received from a Sunday-school Convention in session in 
Halifax, Nova Scotia; from the Edinburgh Sunday-school Teachers' 
Union, from the Copenhagen Sunday-school Committee of Denmark, 
from the Sunday-school Union of Germany at Berlin, from the National 
Temperance Convention in session at Saratoga, and from President 
Garfield. This was a great and very spirited Convention, but I do not 
know the number of delegates present. 

The fourth International, which would be the ninth National, Con- 
vention was held in Louisville, Ky., June, 1884. Mr. B. F. Jacobs called 
the meeting to order. The Hon. T. W. Bicknell, of Massachusetts, was 
chosen President. Addresses of welcome were made by Dr. John A. 

Sunday-School Convention. 7 

Broadus in behalf of the city of Louisville, and by the Rev. J. C. McKee, 
D. D., in behalf of the Kentucky Sunday-school Union. Responses 
were made by the Chairman, by Rev. H. E. Becker, of California, and 
Rev. Dr. M. B. Wharton, of Atlanta. Jean Paul Cooke, of Paris, spoke 
on "The Work in Europe;" Rev. O. Clifton Penick on " The Work in 

Of the general interest of this meeting, I have but to say that, in the 
judgment of many who have attended these Conventions, this session 
"for solid and permanent value far surpassed all which preceded it." 
At this Convention, the third Lesson Committee was appointed to pre- 
pare the lessons from 1887 to 1893. 

The fifth International Convention was held in Chicago in June, l. c S7. 
Eight hundred and eight delegates were present from forty States and 
Territories, and from Canada, New Brunswick and England. Dr. John 
A. Broadus addressed the preliminary meeting. Gen. Clinton B. Fisk 
was made temporary Chairman, and Joseph B. Phipps, Baltimore; M. L. 
Garver, Kansas, and Alfred Day, of Toronto, Canada, Secretaries. The 
gathering was immense and the interest was strong throughout. The 
enthusiasm for Sunday-school work was deepened, and the spirit of 
consecration was so plainly manifest that none escaped the feeling of a 
spiritual presence. Mr. Wm. Reynolds, of Illinois, was elected President, 
and on being conducted to the platform, General Fisk, the temporary 
Chairman, took his hand, saying: "It gives me great pleasure, brethren 
and sisters, to present to you my good brother Reynolds as your perma- 
nent Chairman. I have known him intimately these many years, and 
in all Illinois — and it is saying considerable — we can find no better man 
thus to honor. He is one of those industrious laymen who, walking 
along the pathways of this life, consecrates all there is of him to the 
servke'of the blessed Master (applause); a man who in this life, amid all 
its ins and outs, brings all his transactions to the bar of conscience with 
the interrogatory, Is it right? (Applause.) Brother Reynolds, I have 
great pleasure in introducing you to the most magnificent body you ever 
presided over." (Applause.) 

The official call has been made for the sixth International Convention, 
which will be held in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, on the 24th to 27th of 
June, 1890. 

Having thus briefly sketched the history of Sunday-school Conventions 
in the United States, I come now to consider the second topic assigned 
me — The Objects of Conventions. I regard Conventions as an unmixed 
blessing, and would classify their benefits under five heads. 

First. They afford information; they impress us with the greatness 
of the Sunday-school work; its vast extent; its supreme value to the 
church, the world, the children and the teacher. We here learn the 
best methods of doing this work. How to open a school, to teach a 
class, to question a class. How to conduct an infant-class, an adult 

8 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Bible-class. The best systems of rewards, prizes, &c. The best song- 
books; when to sing, and hoic much to sing. How to attract and hold 
the children, the youth, the old people. How best to develop the benevo- 
lent and missionary spirit of a school; the true relations of the school to 
the church. Indeed, a hundred things that will be of value to us to 
know, touching the methods, ends, &c, of a Sunday-school, maybe 
gotten by an interchange of opinions on the part of intelligent and ex- 
perienced teachers and superintendents assembled in Convention. 

A second benefit is the fact that Conventions lead to better organiza- 
tion. This is the day of associated effort. There is strength in iinion. 
Conventions have led to the wonderful organization now existing in 
this country and throughout the world in this great enterprise. County 
led to State Conventions, Scate to National Conventions, National to 
International Conventions, and International Conventions to the Inter- 
national System of Lessons, than which, in my judgment, nothing has 
been a greater inspiration and blessing to the Sunday-school cause 
throughout the world. It may be said almost to have created a new 
and most valuable department of religious literature. It has called into 
requisition the best homil^tieal and expository talent of all denominations, 
anl sanctified it to the diffusion of the purest and cheapest religious 
literature the world has ever seen. In the olden time only a few were 
able to buy the best commentaries on the Bible. Now the best learning 
of all the ages is focalized by the finest intellects of the age upon the 
Sunday-school lesson at a cost of less than half a cent a lesson. Among 
twelve millions of our own people these Scripture-lessons are studied 
every Sunday. And it is safe to t-ay that there never was a period in 
the world's history in which there was so much reverent study of the 
Bible as in this. Whenever before cou'd such a sight be seen as may be 
witnessed every Saturday in Tremont Temple, Boston? Two thousand 
teachers gathered from all parts of Massachusetts studying the lesson 
under the leadership of Gen. W. Cable, to whom they pay $2,500 per 
annum for one hour's teaching each week ! And the Sunday-school song- 
books and the singing of the school-* ! How have they been improved and 
magnified and quickened into unknown usefulness and efficiency? 

The third valuable featuie of the Sunday-school Convention is the 
inspiration we catch in these gatherings from each other. ^Iron sharp- 
eneth iron : so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend." As 
when the Patriarch of Constantinople goes down, at the appointed time, 
into the holy crypt beneath the Church of the Sepulchre at Jerusalem, 
and bringa up the sacred fire, which the gathered pilgrims believe haB 
come down from Heaven, and distributes it to the frantic throng, who 
bear it exultingly to their homes in all parts of the East, so from each 
other we catch the fire of a new enthusiasm and votive zeal in this 
blessed cause, to bear it away burning brightly in our hearts to bless our 
own churches and schools. 

Sunday-School Convention. 9 

And lastly, I believe that these Convention*, calling together Christians 
of various beliefs, affording them common ground upon which they can 
stand without sacrificing principles that they hold dear, uniting their 
hearts, their minds and efforts in trying to save the youth of the land — 
this, I am persuaded, has done more to soften the asperities of denomi- 
national differences and to banish the odium thecilogicum from the pulpit 
and the pew than perhaps all other influences combined. I know not 
how others may regard it, but to me there is much of the socially sublime 
in the spectacle of all Christian nations studying the same part of Cod's 
Holy Word at the same time. To me if; seems a prophecy of the blessed 
time for which our Saviour prayed: "That they all may be one, as thou, 
Father, art in me and I in thee; that they also may be one in us; that 
the world may believe that thou hast sent me."— John xvii: 21. 

Song — Gospel Hymn, No. 114. 




We call this the third Convention of this Association. It is properly 
the ninth Convention, a former State Association having held six annual 
Conventions and then abandoned the field for want of proper support. 

The first State Convention was held in Salisbury Street Baptist Church, 
Raleigh, November 1, 2 and 3, 1878, pursuant to a call issued by Mr. 
John E. Ray, Chairman of the Executive Committee appointed by the 
North Carolina State delegation (fifteen in number) at the second Inter- 
national Sunday-school Convention held in Atlanta, Ga. , in April, 1878. 
Prof. J. B. Burwell was elected President, N. B. Broughton and W. S. 
Primrose, Secretaries, and D. W. Bain, Treasurer. Addresses were 
made by R. T. Gray, James T. Lineback, Rev. W. C. Norman, Rev. G. 
S. Jones, Rev. Dr. Pritchard, A. M. McPheeters, Rev. John S. Watkins, 
Col. J. M. Heck, E. R. Stamps, Rev. J. D. Hufham, H. A. Gudger, Prof. 
W. C. Kerr, W. S. Primrose and others. The Executive Committee was 
instructed to prepare an address to the Sunday-school workers in the 
State, urging them to organize County and Township Conventions. 
Pledges were made by individuals and schools to the amount of $71, of 
which amount only $45.48 was ever paid. 

The second State Convention was held in the Methodist Church, 
Greensboro, November 14 and 15, 1879. Rev. D. R. Bruton was elected 
President, H. A. Gudger, John A. Ramsey, Rev. Edward Rondthaler, 
John E. Ray, Rev. J. Henry Smith and Gen. R. B, Vance, Vice-Presi- 

10 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

dents: Eugene E. Ebert, Recording and Statistical Secretary; H. M. Jones.. 
Corresponding Secretary; Prof. W. F. Alderman, Treasurer; and John 
A. Ramsey, R. R. Crawford, P. N. Heileigh, J. T. Lineback and Rev. 
J. J. Renn, Executive Committee. The counties of Forsyth, Guilford, 
Rowan, Mecklenburg, Cabarrus and Orange were reported as organized . 
Addresses were made by Rev. J. Henry Smith. Rev. Edward Rondthaler, 
Rev. S. R. Trawick. Rev. C. H. Wiley and others. A constitution and 
by-laws were adopted, and renewed efforts made to secure county 
organizations. $31.50 was rai-ed. 

The third State Convention was held in the Presbyterian Church, 
Salisbury. November 19 and 20, 1880. The counties of Cabarrus, Meck- 
lenburg. Stokes, Forsyth. Guilford, Orange and Rowan were reported as 
organized. Rev. J. Rumple was elected President; Rev. J. J. Renn, J, 
A. Ramsey, C. G. Yates, R. R. Crawford, Rev. C. H. Wiley and H. A. 
Gudger, Vice-Presidents; E. A. Ebert, Statistical Secretary; H. M. Jones. 
Corresponding Secretary : W. F. Alderman. Treasurer: Jas. T. Lineback. 
Rev. F. H. Johnston, H. N. Snow. I. W. Durham and F. H. Fries, Exec- 
utive Committee. I take the following, as interesting, from the report 
of tlie Executive Committee: 

" The first work to which this Committee gave its attention was 
county organization. The Convention, at its annual meeting in Greens- 
boro, directed the Secretary to prepare an address, or circular letter, and 
endeavor to find suitable persons in each county in the State who would 
undertake the work of organization. In this work your Committee gave 
its assistance to your able and energetic Secretary, and the work was 
pressed with all the means under our control, but with what results 
• the Master of the harvest" only knows, as we have received no reports 
from the counties thus addressed." 

In the interim between the second and third Conventions, delegates 
were appointed to attend the Centenary Convention in London, and 
report of same was made before the Salisbury Convention by Gen. R. D. 
Johnston and Mr. Wm. Murdock. 

The fourth State Convention was held in the Moravian Church in. 
Salem, September 1, 1881. Rev. C. H. Wiley was elected President; E. 
A. Ebert, Secretary: Rev. F. H. Johnston, Treasurer: J. T. Lineback, 
Rev. E. Rondthaler, Rev. T. H. Pegram, Rev. E. A. Yates and J. W. 
Mauney. Executive Committee. This Convention was attended by Mr. 
!•'. Payson Porter, of Philadelphia, International Statistical Secretary, 
who contributed largely to the interest in the Convention. I copy from 
the report of the Executive Committee the following: 

•• During the session of the Annual Conference of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church at Winston, in December of last year, your Committee sent 
a communication to that body, drawing its attention to the fact of the 
existence of our State Sunday-school Association, and asked for the 
assistance of this influential denomination in securing county organiza- 

Sunday-School Convention. 11 

tion. Our communication was courteously received, and a resolution 
passed by the Conference as follows: 'Resolved, That we are pleased to 
know that State and County Sunday-school Associations, composed of 
Christian men from different denominations, have been formed in North 
Carolina, and that we are ever willing to do what we can in bringing 
this important subject before the masses, believing that in so doing we 
are helping to build ujd the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ.' ' 

Delegates were present from only three counties, Forsyth, Stokes and 
Rowan. For the purpose of showing the difficulties under which the 
organization labored, I read the following from the report of the 
Secretary : 

"Your Secretary has but a very brief report of his work during the 
past year to communicate, as his official acts have been very limited. 
The second annual meeting of this Association was held in Greensboro, 
November 14 and 15, 1879, at which time a constitution and by-laWs 
were adopted, which, together with the proceedings, the Convention 
authorized me, as Secretary, to have five hundred copies printed, they 
providing the means for defraying the expenses of the same. I was also 
requested by the same body to prepare a circular letter addressed to the 
Sabbath-school workers in the State, uiging them to work and assist the 
Sabbath-school cause by trying to accomplish the organization of their 
respective counties. These letters, and copies of the constitution and 
proceedings of our second annual meeting, I sent to parties recommended 
to me as working persons, in each and every county in the State, and 
in addition to the same, addressed a postal card to each one, especially 
urging them to work for their county organization, and requested, if 
they could not do so, to recommend me to some one who could and 
would. To by far the greater part of these communications I received 
no reply whatever; a few persons answered that they could not, for vari- 
ous reasons given, undertake the work, and a very few promised to try 
and do what they could. I communicated these facts to our third 
annual meeting, which assembled in Salisbury last year, November 19 
and 20. This Convention approved of the efforts I had made, and, upon 
motion, requested me to continue my work in the same manner as I had 
previously been doing, but they failed to even specify how many copies 
of the proceedings I should have printed, and also failed to make 
any arrangements io defray the expenses of printing and distribution. 
So, with a bankrupt treasury, no outside aid, or positive instructions, 
I have been unable to accomplish anything in this particular during the 
past year. This I regret exceedingly, but I could not do otherwise. The 
Executive Committee of this year and myself have worked long and 
hard to awaken an interest all over the State in this great Sabbath-school 
work, and we have tried to induce many of our best and most influential 
men to come among us and enjoy and profit by our present assembling 
together. We have secured reduced fares on all the railroads in the 

12 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

State, and have published programmes and notices of Convention in 
nineteen papers scattered all over our Commonwealth; have sent pro- 
grammes and addresses, personal appeals by letter, to some seventy-five 
persons. From quite a number of these we have received regrets and 
excuses for not being able to attend; they, almost all, expressing a lively 
interest in our work, and bidding us God speed in the efforts we are 
putting forward. Among those who have thus replied we may mention 
Revs. L. C. Yass, B. Craven, J. R. Finley, J. J. Renn and E. A. Yates; 
Gens. Win. Johnston and R. D. Vance, and Maj. Bingham, and others. 
As to the success which has attended our united efforts, the audience 
before you this evening is an evidence. I was enabled to report last 
year seven organized counties in our State, although I could procure 
statistics from only five of the seven. The organized counties then were 
Cabarrus, Forsyth, Orange, Guilford, Rowan, Mecklenburg and Stokes. 
From the last-mentioned two. I could receive no reports, although I 
made repeated efforts. This year, I am sorry to say. I have reports from 
only three, namely. Forsyth. Guilford and Rowan. Cabarrus sends 
nothing, and Mecklenburg, Stokes and Orange report their organizations 
as dead. By these reports you will perceive that we have retrograded, 
in> r ead of improving and advancing in county organization. This 
should not be so, and I most earnestly request this meeting of our Asso- 
ciation to device some measures by which we can carry out our much- 
desired end — a thorough State organization in the Sabbath-school work. 
I would most respectfully recommend, that, if we can do no better, we 
divide the State into districts, an 1 attempt the thorough organization 
of at least one district, comprising ten or twelve counties, each year. 
Thi.- plan, we believe, would accomplish more good than any we have 
yet adopted." 

Steps were taken to divide the State into districts and appoint organi- 
zers in each. 

The Constitution was changed so as to have three members of the 
Executive Committee resident in the same place with the Statistical 
Secretary, who was made ex officio a member of the Committee, in- 
order that there might be no impediment or delay in the meeting of the 
Committee for consultation or business. 

The fifth State Convention was a called meeting, held in Raleigh, 
February 24th, 1882. This meeting was attended by Mr. E. Payson 
Porter, the International Statistical Secretary, and Mr. J. H. Kellogg, 
of Troy, New York. Delegates were present from Forsyth, Craven, 
Wake. Guilford, Rowan, Moore, Orange and Franklin. 

Only three counties presented reports. The Secretary made an esti- 
mate of the number of schools, scholars and teachers in the State based 
upon reports from these three counties, as follows: Number of Sunday- 
schools in the State, 4,197; teachers, 33,576; scholars, 197,937: total teach- 
ers and scholars, 231,513. 

Sunday-School Convention. 1& 

The Counties of Guiiford, Rowan, Forsyth, Yancey and Cabarrus were 
reported as organized, but failed to send reports. Mecklenburg, Orange 
and Stokes Associations reported as dead. 

The special subject for discussion was: "The Best Means for Effecting 
County and Township Organizations." The speakers upon this subject 
were: Rev. J. Runip'e, R. R. Crawford, Rev. J. M. Atkinson. Rev. L. W. 
Crawford, Rev. C. H. Wiley, J. T. Lineback, H. Welborn, E. P. Porter r 
H. A. Gudger and J. H. Kellogg. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

"■Resolved, That the State be divided into districts of about five 
counties each, and that the Executive Committee add to their list a 
person in each district, who shall have as his work the organizing of the 
counties of his district, and who shall appoint a Secretary in each county 
where no organization has yet taken place; that the Executive Commit- 
tee be directed to make a thorough statistical canvass of the State, and 
be directed to correspond with the Secretary of the International Sun- 
day-school Convention; that the Executive Committee call for collec- 
tions during the month of May from each Sunday-school in the State for 
the use of the Executive Committee; that the Executive Committee 
appoint pastors of the various denominations to present through the 
press the nature and advantages of this organization; that the action of 
the last Convention held at Salem, in designating the R.'vs. Dr. Pritch- 
ard, L. W. Crawford and J. Rumple to present the cause to the various 
religious denominations, is hereby approved and renewed: that the 
recommendation of the London Sunday-school Union, of special days 
of pi-ayer for Sunday-schools, be carried out in this State."' 

The sixth State Convention was held in the Presbyterian Church 
in Winston, November 1, 18S2. Delegates were present from Davidson, 
Forsyth, Rowan, Craven. Wake and Davie. Reports were received 
from the counties of Rowan, Davie, Person. Cabarrus, Guilford, Forsyth 
and Davidson. Organizations were reported as existing in Greene, Ire- 
dell and Stanly, but no reports from them. Ten counties were reported 
as organized, a gain of seven over the preceding year. The following 
officers were elected: Rev. C. H. Wiley, President; E. A. Ebert, Secre- 
tary; H. E. Fries, Assistant Secretary; Rev. F. H. Johnston, Treasurer; 
J. T. Lineback, Rev. E. Rondthaler, Rev. T. H. Pegram, Rev. J. Rumple 
and R. R. Crawford Executive Committee. The report of the Treasurer 
showed $15 raised during the year, $25 paid to the International 
Association. In the interim between the fifth and sixth Conventions, 
the Executive Committee had arranged a portion of the State into dis- 
tricts and appointed Vice-Presidents as organizers for each. The Con- 
vention was encouraged by the progress made, and pledges were made 
by several to effect further organizations during the succeeding year. 
The closing night-service of this last Convention of the old organization 
was held in the Moravian Church in Salem. A meeting of the State Exec- 

14 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

utive Committee was held at the residence of Rev. F. H. Johnston, in 
Winst n, October 11, 1883, at which it was decided that no State Con- 
vention be held that year. I quote the following from the record: "Upon 
motion, the President, Dr. Wiley, was instructed to prepare an address, 
which is to be signed by the members of this Committee, and addressed 
to the Sunday-schools of the State and published in the papers, in 
which it is to be stated, that owing to the fact that the State Sunday- 
school Conventions for the past two years have been held in this com- 
munity, ami inasmuch as tiiis Committee have no invitations for the 
Convention to meet in other localities, this Committee has concluded not 
to call a meeting of the State Association this year." 

Thus ended the long and well-fought battle against opposition, indiffer- 
ence and apathy. To the little band of God's most faithful laborers, who 
stood up. so manfully and so patiently, against great discouragements, 
too much praise cannot be accorded. The harvest seems not to have 
been sufficiently ripened. Denominational prejudices were too strong 
to permit of this intt ^--denominational work. Thought had not been 
trained to perceive the advantages to be derived from a union of the 
efforts of all Christians, but, thanks to the efforts of this defeated, yet 
victorious; forerunner of the great movement now in hand: thanks to 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the Society of Christian 
Endeavor, the Womans' Christian Temperance Union, the evangelistic 
labors of Pearson, Jones and others, and other interdenominational 
agencies used by the Master in these latter years for the drawing together 
of all denominations in promoting the advancement of His kingdom, we 
are permitted to see brighter days than did those faithful soldiers of the 
cross of whose labors I have given a brief account. If we. with the- 
advantages given us by the labors of the agencies above named, strive 
as earnestly and faithfully as did the members of the former State Asso- 
ciation, a great success is before us. 

The work laid down by these brethren in 1883 remained until Febru- 
ary, 1888, when Mr. Wm. Reynolds, the President of the International 
Sunday-school Association, came to North Carolina, and after visiting- 
several of the larger towns in the State, worked up an interest that cul- 
minated in the calling of a State Convention, which was held at the 
Edenton Street Methodist Church, in Raleigh, March 21, 22 and 23, 1888. 
Delegates were present from twenty-five counties, namely: Chatham. 
Cleveland, Craven, Cumberland. Durham. Davidson. Forsyth. Franklin, 
Granville, Guilford. Harnett. Johnston, Lenoir, Mecklenburg, Moore, 
New Hanover, Orange, Richmond. Robeson. Rowan, Vance, Wake, 
Warren, Wilson and Wayne. The following officers were elected: 
President, E. J. Parrish, of Durham: Vice Presidents, Rev. L. C. Vass, 
of New Bern; Mr. F. H. Fries, of Salem, Rev. C. B. King, of Salisbury: 
Rev. S. W. Coe. of Henderson; Rev. W. G. Clements and Prof. I. C. Blair, 
of Raleigh; Secretary, Prof J. W. Gore, of Chapel Hill: Assistant Secre- 

Sunday-School Convention. 15 

tary, Rev. W. L. Cuninggim; Treasurer. Mr. John T. Pullen.of Raleigh: 
Executive Committee, N. B. Broughton. J. T. Lineback. J. W. Wellons. 
W. S. Primrose, F. S. Harris, W. H. Reisner, W. J. Young, S. F. Tom- 
linson and J. R. Mendenhall. Subscriptions made in furtherance ot 
the organization of the work in the State amounted to $685. Many of 
the delegates pledged to work up organizations in their counties. 

The Convention of last year at Charlotte is fresh in the minds of the 
delegates to this Convention, and does not need further mention. The 
officers are named in the programme. Twenty counties were reported 
as organized; to-day we have forty-nine. 

Recently steps have been taken towards organizing the colored people 
into an Inter-denominational Sunday-school Association. A Durham 
County Colored Sunday-school Association was organized last fall. That 
Convention appointed a Committee to issue a call and arrange for a 
State Colored Sunday- echool Convention to be held in Durham at such 
time as the Committee might think best. After correspondence with 
Mr. Wm. Reynolds, President of the Intel-national Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation, who consented to attend and assist in the organization, it was 
decided to hold a Convention on last Saturday, February 22d. The call 
was made and as full notice given among the colored people as possible. 
The attendance was not large, but an organization was effected that, it 
is believed, will extend its borders until the entire State is embraced 
within its folds. Delegates present made pledges to organize the work 
in several of the counties in the central portion of the State. At this 
initiatory State Convention it was decided to hold a second Convention 
at Greensboro on the 15th of May next, at which, it is hoped and confi- 
dently expected, a good representation from all parts of the State will 
be present. We are advancing Christ's kingdom when assisting the 
colored people to establish Sunday-schools as much as when laboring in 
the interest of those of our own color, and I earnestly request that all 
Sunday-school workers assist these colored people in organizing their 
work in the several counties of the State. Their work will assist us, at 
least in the collection of complete statistics. 

We can justly claim that a great forward movement has been made 
<luring the past year. Although our statistical machinery is not as yet 
in good working order, and we have imperfect reports from many of the 
counties rep )rted as organized, we have much to encourage us. Some 
of our plans are not fully matured and some have not been carried out 
as was expected, yet we have enough of success to urge us forward to 
renewed efforts in the year before us, and to anticipate the day when 
we shall see the full realization of our aim. namely: 

1. A Sunday-school within reach of every home in our State. 

2. A Convention, at least once each year, within reach of eveiy Sun- 
dav-school teacher. 

16 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

3. A working Sunday-school organization in every county and town- 

4. The visitation of every house, to invite all to Church and Sunday- 
school, and to make known to all God's free offer of salvation through 
Jesus Christ. 



(Reported by Secretaiy.) 

Illinois is the best organized State. Not one of the one hundred and 
twenty counties failed to hold Conventions in twenty years. Last year 
one thousand three hundred and sixty Conventions were held in the 
State. Trains are chartered for delegates to State Conventions. Town- 
ship Conventions do more good than larger ones. Instruction given 
where most needed. Inter-denominational Conventions for town- 
ships have the advantage of Denominational Conventions, for one 
denomination is too small in a limited area to get up much enthusiasm. 
The Sunday-school workers of Illinois are not going to rest until every 
township is organized and every family visited and invited to enlist in 
the cause. The world will never be evangelized until this personal work 
is done. One county, with no railroad or other public means of com- 
munication, had, three years ago, only three Churches and five Sunday- 
schools. A person was sent to that county by the State Convention to 
visit from house to house, and the report to the last Convention was 
seventeen Churches and four hundred and seventeen conversions during 
the year. The efficient work of laymen due largely to intelligent study 
of the Bible. 

The New England States are moving forward rapidly in this work. 
Due largely to the ministers, though the laity are entering into it and 
the clergy not relaxing. 

Western States never before doing so satisfactorily, and the South 
working well. Know of no State equal to this one in its progress the 
past two years. Rejoice over the evident progress. We must join forces 
if we are to overcome the devil. Churches must stand shoulder to 
shoulder and work hand in hand. Our best work is upon the children. 
Eveiw Southern State will be organized bef ire the next International 
Convention. Began work last week by attending two District Conven- 
tions in Virginia. Now here, and will attend Conventions in the follow- 
ing S'ates and Territories between now and June: South Carolina, 
Georgia, Ala! jama, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, California, Oregon, Wash- 
ington, British Columbia. Idaho, Utah, Montana, North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Minnesota. Want you to pray for me and the work. 

Sunday-School Convention. 17 

The International Convention, to be held in Pittsburg in June, will be 
perhaps the greatest religious meeting ever held. Want you to send a 
good delegation. Lesson Committee for the next seven years to be 
selected, and other important business. 

God has given us a magnificent field — a wonderful literature — and 
added His blessing to our efforts. Sunday-school people are working 
for the salvation of souls. Improvement is needed; ideal not reached. 
God help every one to stand in his place. 

Tuesday Evening. 
Praise service, led by Rev. J. J. Hall. 



The Executive Committee, appointed at the last State Sunday- 
school Convention, held at Charlotte April 2d. 3d and 4th, 1889, respect- 
fully report: 

For the first time in the history of this Association we meet in the 
South-eastern portion of the State — in the good city of Wilmington. A 
cordial invitation was extended us, and we have been warmly welcomed 
to this city. Let us pray that God's richest blessings may rest upon the 
Convention, and a gracious benediction come to the churches, Sunday- 
schools and homes of Wilmington. 

This Convention is held in the closing year of a decade in which great 
advances have been made in the Sunday-school work, not only in this 
State, but throughout the United States and the whole world. A con- 
siderable forward movement has been made in this State. 

Your Committee has held two meetings, the first at Durham, May 2d. 
at which meeting the State was divided into twelve Sunday-school Dis- 
tricts, as follows: 

First District. — Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, Chowan, Per- 
quimans, Gates, Hertford, Bertie, Martin, Washington, Tyrrell and 

Second District. — Hyde, Beaufort, Pamlico, Carteret, Craven, Jones 
and Pitt. 

Third District. — Onslow, Pender, New Hanover, Brunswick, Colum- 
bus and Bladen. 

Fourth District. — Northampton, Halifax, Edgecombe, Nash, Frank- 
lin, Warren and Vance. 

Fifth District. — Wilson, Wayne, Lenoir, Greene, Duplin, Sampson. 
Johnston and Wake. 

18 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Sixth District. — Granville, Durham. Person, Caswell, Alamance. 
Orange and Chatham. 

Seventh District. — Harnett. Moore. Montgomery, Cumberland. 
Robeson. Richmond. Anson and Stanly. 

Eighth District.— Rockingham, Guilford. Randolph, Stokes, Forsyth, 
Davidson. Surry. Yadkin and Davie. 

Ninth District. — Iredell, Cabarrus. Rowan, Union, Mecklenburg, 
Gaston. Lincoln. Cleveland and Catawba. 

Tenth District. — Alleghany, Watauga, Alexander, Ashe. Wilkes, 
Burke and Caldwell. 

Eleventh District. — Madison, Buncombe, Henderson, Mitchell, 
Yancey. McDowell. Rutherford and Polk. 

Twelfth District.— Cherokee, Clay, Graham. Swain, Macon, Jack- 
sou. Haywood and Transylvania. 

It was agreed that all counties which hold a County Convention and a 
Convention in each township during the year (except in cases where 
two townships are combined for the purpose) should be designated as 
" banner" counties: and that those districts in which every county is a 
" banner " county, should be designated as " banner" districts. 

It was agreed that the representation in the State Convention should 
consist of members of the State Executive Committee, all speakers 
named upon the programme of the Convention, and five delegates from 
each county. 

H. N. Snow was elected Secretary of the Executive Committee. 

Commiteemen E. J. Parrish. G. W. Watts and H. N. Snow were 
appointed a sub-committee, and authorized to select and appoint a Presi- 
dent for each of the twelve districts, and to arrange a programme for 
the next State Convention, which programme should be submitted to 
and ratified by the Executive Committee at its next session. 

It was agreed that the District Conventions, when held, should elect 
District Presidents for the ensuing year, who should hereafter become 
the Vice-Presidents of the State Association. 

It was agreed that members of the Executive Committee be paid their 
necessary travelling expenses in attending the meetings of the Commit- 
tee. The Statistical Secretary was instructed to provide blanks for use 
of the several counties in collecting statistics. County Secretaries were 
notified of this action of the Committee, and several counties have been 
supplied with these statistical blanks. It is hoped that all the counties 
as organized will use these blanks, that uniformity in gathering statistics 
may be secured. The sub-committee for that purpose, has, during the 
year, made the following appointments of District Presidents: 

Second District — Prof. G. T. Adams, Newbern. 

Fifth District— Rev. R. H. Whitaker, Raleigh. 

Sixth District — Mr. J. H. Southgate. Durham. 
Seventh District — Capt. Wm. Black. Maxton. 

Sunday-School Convention. 19 

Eighth District — Rev. P. L. Groome, Greensboro. 

Ninth District— Mr. H. C. Dunn, Clear Creek. 

Tenth District— Rev. D. M. Litaker. Wilkesboro. 

As no resident organizer could, after much correspondence, be induced 
to undertake the work, Mr. H. C. Dunn, of Clear Creek, was, after com- 
pleting the organization of the ninth district, appointed as organizer of 
the first, fourth, eleventh and twelfth districts, but has, as yet, failed 
to effect the organization of a s-ingle county in those districts. He has 
written a great many letters in endeavoring to get residents of those 
districts to call conventions, which it was his purpose to attend. We 
trust, however, that these districts will be thoroughly organized before 
the next State Convention. 

The thanks of this Convention are due Mr. Dunn for the earnest zeal 
he has given to this work. Such men are rare in this State, and they 
should, when found, be cherished. 

The Secretary of your Committee has, during the year, written more 
than 500 letters, mainly in endeavoring to secure organizers for the dis- 
tricts, and to ministers and others interested in the Sunday-school work, 
urging them to call conventions and organize County Associations. 
Some of these letters are unanswered, and many others seem to have 
accomplished nothing. Your Committee is, however, glad to be able to 
report, that, through the exertions of the District Presidents, twenty-six 
counties have been organized during the year, making the number of 
organized counties forty-six, more than doubling the number so reported 
at the last Convention. 

The sixth, seventh, ninth and tenth districts are completely organized, 
and much praise is due the Presidents of those districts for their earnest, 
effective work. The Secretary of your Committee took in hand the 
matter of arranging a programme, and securing speakers for this Con- 
vention, which necessitated considerable correspondence, but the result 
more than pays for the labor expended. 

A second meeting of your Committee was held in Durham, January 
11th. At which meeting the date for holding this Convention was 
changed from April 9th, 10th and 11th, to February 25th, 26th and 27th, , 
in order that Mr. Reynolds might be present with us. The programme 
of the Convention was submitted and approved, and a thousand copies 
each of the resolution adopted by the North Carolina Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and of a published letter of our 
President, both relative to this Association work, were ordered to be 
printed and circulated. 


Two districts and thirty-six counties in the State have held conven- 
tions this year, and the number of township conventions reported is 
twent3'-three — making a. total of conventions held, sixty-one. As a 

20 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

whole, the conventions have been good, and a marked advance lias 
been made. " It has been proved that even in the most needy counties, 
a good Convention can be held if proper effort is put forth. In many 
cases. Convention failures may be denned as the collapse of enthusiasm. 
Often too much attention is given to large attendances, and too much 
is sacrificed to show or to please, and not enough thought and effort is 
given to secure representative workers from all parts of the county, 
and thoroughly consider and plan the work for the year. We submit 
to the counties the following outline: Choose the best time for your 
Convention; do not leave it so fixed by law that it cannot be changed, if 
necessary; prepare the programme to bring out all the work, and all the 
needs of the county; secure competent persons for each part; insist that 
all lectures or addresses be prepared for the subject and occasion: give 
early and frequent notices to all pastors and Sunday-school workers; 
and, in addition, have all the townships of the county visited, and 
meetings held within one month previous to the Convention and a dele- 
gation from each school pledged to attend. Keep constantly before the 
Convention, as a part of your purpose and plan, the systematic house- 
to-house visitation of the county each year.'' 

Brethren, organization must mean something. We must be in earn- 
est, and we think our plan should be this: We should go into a county, 
tind out the man who has this question at heart, and ask him to call a 
Convention: not for the sake of nominating some distinguished mau 
to preside over it, but to have Christians look each other in the face 
and ask the question, " What can we do?" and then answer it, and to 
bring before them the thought of personal consecration. We do not 
want to ignore the advantage of correspondence through the mail. 
Letters well written and judiciously sent, may accomplish a great deal; 
but there is an old expression, "If you want a thing well done, do it 
yourself; if you want it half done, send a boy; " and we think we 
might add, " If you don't want it done at all, send a postal card." 

The thing we need is a few more men and women to give themselves 
to this work. We want county ofhceis in the Executive Committees 
who will divide up our counties. If we have twelve townships, let 
there be a President, a Secretary, and a Vice-President, and three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, which would divide the county into 
two townships for each. Let the President say, " I will take these two 
townships and see that a Convention is held in each one of them this 
year, and I will personally attend to it." Then let the other members 
of the Executive Committee take the other parts of the county and each 
say, "I will personally see that a Convention is held, and I will person- 
ally attend to it." 

The township work must be done on a similar system. The township 
President should associate with him the Superintendent of every school 
in the township, as a part of his Executive Committee; that will get 

Sunday-School Convention. 21 

together and look the work in the face; and they must take the time to 
meet, consult, plan for and carry on the work. It will not go without 
some one to push it. We find, in the work, that these brethren are hard 
do reach by letters, and hard to reach when we send another: yet, let you 
and I go to them with warm, loving words, with zeal for the Lord's 
cause that we love, and earnest desire to reach and save the children, 
and the middle walls of partition will be broken down. We find that 
the question of denominationalism disappears in the grand thought of 
reaching and saving the children. Let there, then, be a purpose in all 
our organizations. 

From the report of the Statistical Secretary, it will be seen that there 
are 287.185 persons connected with the Sunday schools of the State. 
It must be seen at a glance that this work has attained a very great 
magnitude, and it should be remembered that, practically, all branches 
of the church of Christ are united in this service. There are only two 
organizations that can, in any sense, claim to represent the united 
church. One of these, the Young Men's Christian Association, which, 
while greatly owned of God and very useful, is, after all, the effort of 
a class, or portion of the church, to reach a class: the other, the Sunday- 
school, is the only agency where all the church unites in an effort to 
reach all the people. Our motto is short and good — "All for All" ; but 
while we rejoice in the privilege of working for all, and gladly welcome 
all to the school, our blessed mission is primarily to the young. This 
does not lessen— it increases the responsibility. " The children of to-day 
will, in twenty years, wield the social and civil power of the globe- 
Whoever wins the youth, wins the world." And in view of this, it has 
been said, " Your responsibility would be appalling, were not your labor 
so hopeful." The possibilities are seen in the great advance made since 
the International Lessons were adopted. It can truly be said, more are 
studying the Word of God, and those who study, are studying it better 
than ever before. Many of the best ministers, missionaries and teach- 
ers, and a large majority of all who join the church on profession of 
faith, are from the Sunday-school. With everything to encourage us, 
shall we hesitate to go forward when the demand is so great? Of the 
possible 290,000 now enrolled in our Sunday-schools, doubtless one-third 
are adults, leaving not more than 193,000 children. But in our popu- 
lation of, say 1,500,000, more than one-third, or at least 500,000, are 
children under twelve years, and more than 612,000 are of school age. 
If Mrs. Browning startled a nation with " The Cry of the Children," how 
ought the church of Christ in America to arouse at the cry of neglected 

Your Committee most earnestly recommends the employment of 

who shall be employed either by the State or County Associations, and 
who shall devote a portion or all of their time to the extension of the 

22 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

work in the territory for which they are employed. Mr. B. F. Jacobs, 
Chairman of the International Executive Committee, says, in effect, as 

•' From the experience gained in Illinois, we are convinced that more 
missionary work is needed in the State. In many counties the whole 
time of an organizer of Sunday-schools can be profitably employed 
under the direction, not of some other society, but of the County Sun- 
day-school Executive Committee, and we urge this upon the considera- 
tion of all county officers. But, especially, we need the services of 
several organizers working under the direction of the State Executive 
Committee, in conference with the County Committees, in the most 
needed localities: ten would not be too many, and we urge that provision 
be made for at least five. It costs more to convict one criminal and 
send him to prison, than it does to support an organizer; and it costs 
more to keep the State prisons filled, than it would to maintain ten 
organizers in each county in the State." 

Some plan should be tried to reach the children, and your Committee 
believes the best plan is systematic house-to-house visitation. We urge 
every county in the State to begin this work. Wherever it is possible, 
let a Sunday-school organizer be employed and the work done under 
the direction of the County Committee: but do not neglect or despise 
the importance of volunteer woi kers and visitors. 

We believe an earnest and persistent effort would add 100.000 to the 
membership of the Sunday-schools of this State. Thoughtful men are 
convinced that the closing years of the nineteenth century constitute a 
momentous crisis in the history of the nation. There is a march of 
events that will not tarry. Other agencies have made a temporary 
effect for ^cood, but we believe the statement that " The Gospel must 
furnish the solution of the great social problems: " and we believe that 
of all the gospel instrumentalities used by the church, the Sunday-school 
has the first place, because it lias the children and the youth. 

Your Committee recommends to the attention of the Convention 


The manner of holding these conferences is clearly explained by the 
Secretary of the Connecticut State Association. He says: 

•' One thing which we have learned is. that we must go to the people: 
and that we cannot expect them to come to us. We apply this idea in 
our Convention work. A few years ago we found that, although con- 
ventions had been held all over our State for twenty-five years and more, 
still there were hundreds of Sunday-school teachers who had never 
attended one. The conventions had been held in the cities and larger 
towns at central points, and it had been supposed that the people within 
a radius of eight or ten miles would attend. A great many did. but 
many more did not. Then we began, in a sort of experimental way. a 

Sunday-School Convention. 23 

plan of holding meetings in the smaller towns and neighborhoods. 
Each of these meetings occupied only an afternoon or evening. They 
were held in churches, chapels, school-houses, and, in some cases, pri- 
vate dwellings, wherever a Sunday school held its sessions. After a 
time, we began to arrange these in groups — all the parishes of two or 
more townships holding an afternoon meeting in one place and an even- 
ing meeting in another, and so on for three or four days in succession. 
The same programme would be used for each of these meetings, and 
the same speakers and workers worild attend each. Sometimes we 
would charter a team, and three or four would drive from place to 
place, conducting a sort of campaign. 

" We have operated this plan throughout the entire State. During 
the past six months we have held more than one hundred and twenty 
of these conferences. The results have been most gratifying. One 
pastor wrote: ' Our school has increased fully one-third since the con- 
ference.' Another said, ' For the first time in its history our school has 
continued through the winter, as a result of the conference.' Other 
testimonies read: ' Our teachers are taking a much deeper interest in 
their work ': ' We have established a successful teachers' meeting ': ' We 
have inaugurated a systematic work of house-to-house visitation': 'A 
new Sunday-school has been started in one of the outlying districts.' 

" These meetings have been a blessing also in bringing the members 
of our State Committee and other workers into contact with the people. 
This has been mutually helpful, and has g.iven our association a stronger 
hold upon the masses. We have endeavored to secure in every town 
the appointment of a committee and the inauguration of a thorough 
and systematic work in the line of houbi -to-house visitation. Our plan 
is to bring every soul under gospel influence. " 

Your Committee recommends to the favorable consideration of this 
Convention the 

woman's mission aid. 

One of the most hopeful features of the Sunday-school work, as 
formulated and carried out by the New York State Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation, is the department known as the Woman's Mission Aid. The 
direction of the work in this department devolves upon Secretaries 
elected by the various county and town, associations. A Secretary is 
elected for every township, who, in turn, secures a visitor in eA - ery 
school district, who shall go into the homes, find out as to whether or 
not the family attends church and Sunday school, report to some church, 
or to the association, if children lack the necessary clothing to enable 
them to attend, and furnish Bibles to those who are without them. If 
children live too far from the churches and a new school is needed, this 
is reported to the President of the Township Association, and steps are 
taken for its organization. In order to help the Secretaries to a better 

24 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

understanding of plans and methods of work, the State Secretary of 
that department of the New York State Association issued the following 


Divide the town into small districts, each to include not more than 
ten families. 

Secure a visitor for each district who shall visit every house and 

Furnish each visitor with a canvass book, in which she shall enter 
the name of every family in her district, and the number of children 
between the ages of five and twenty-one in each family who attend 
Sunday-school and where, and the number who do not attend and why. 

Secure if possible the promise of those who do not attend to join some 

Ascertain their denominational preferences, and report their names 
to the Superintendent of the school they prefer. 

Furnish a copy, of the Bible to every family destitute of one. 

When the canvass of any neighborhood remote from church schools 
.shows that there is a sufficient number of children to warrant the forma- 
tion of a Mission School, steps should be taken to organize one, securing 
the cooperation of all Christian people in the vicinity. In connection 
with these schools, neighborhood prayer-meetings, temperance bands 
and missionary societies are recommended. 

Where there are but few children in any remote locality, endeavor to 
find some Christian woman who is willing to open her house on Sabbath 
afternoons for a "home-class," to which she can teach weekly the regu- 
lar Sabbath-school lesson. A record of the names of this class should 
be made and handed to the Superintendent of the church-school to 
which the teacher belongs. He should recognize this class as belonging 
to his school, and furnish it with lesson-leaves, singing-books, etc. The 
record of attendance should be made weekly upon a card or class-book, 
and reported to the home-schcol quarterly. On anniversary occasions, 
concerts, etc.. the home-class should be invited to join with the church- 
school and enjoy the exercises. 

Canvass books with full directions can be procured of Timothy Hough, 
Treasurer of the New York State Sunday-school Association, Syracuse, 
N. Y. Price two cents each, by mail or express, prepaid. 

The Woman's Mission Aid Secretary of the New York State Sunday- 
school Association, in her report for 1888, said : 'During the last twelve 
months I have found much more encourgement in our special branch of 
the Sunday-school work than in any previous year. I have repeatedly 
asked the County Secretaries if they could suggest new methods or 
plans by which the work could be carried on more successfully, and 
their reply has invariably been, 'We know of no better way than the 
one already adopted, visiting from door to door.' Just the fact of our 

Sunday-School Convention. 25 

going in to make a friendly call, assures parents as well as children, 
chat we feel a special interest in them, and thus we are enabled, in most 
cases, to secure the promise that the children will attend Sunday-school. 
This year we have not confined ourselves to gathering statistics, but 
have tried various ways to interest both parents and scholars. Weekly 
prayer- meetings have been held in remote districts, and among the 
poorer classes in some of the cities, whereby much good has been done, 
and several conversions reported. Home- classes have been formed, 
some of which have grown into union schools; and many neighborhood 
schools have been organized. In the city of Binghampton three new 
chapels have been erected during the year — all springing from the work 
of our mission visitors. Children have been clothed, the hungry fed, 
the aged had the Bible read to them, homes beautified, and the lonely 
made glad by the kind acts and the godly counsel of some of our 
devoted Christian women. Neither has the temperance cause been neg- 
lected. Many have been induced to join the white-ribboners through 
our instrumentality.''' 

Your Committee asks the attention of the State Convention to the 
matter of 


There are now in the State of North Carolina 889.362 children not 
under any Sunday-school instruction. Very great effort is made to 
reach the people dwelling in cities and villages, but as yet there has 
been no organized effort to reach the thousands of children to be found 
upon farms, and in out-of-the-way places. Many Christian people live 
as if they thought that Chtist's work must be confined to the church 
building, forgetting that, in part, each Christian is responsible for the 
religious condition of the neighborhood in which he lives. 

One method of reaching these children is by the organization of neigh- 
borhood schools, but in many sections there are not children enough 
to make a school. In such localities, and wherever possible, it is 
proposed to organize Sunday-school classes, either at the home of the 
teacher, or in any place where the children can meet together. These 
classes are to be recognized as members of the church-school to which 
the teacher belongs, and the class record to be entered upon the books 
of the school. 

The class-books, lesson-papers, singing books and Bibles are to be 
furnished by the parent school; the hour ol service one that will be 
most convenient for the teacher; the scholars to be urged to attend the 
church services and school as often as convenient, and to be invited to 
take part in all its entertainments. The exercises of the class should be 
of such a character as would best interest the scholars, and lead them 
to Christ and His church. 

26 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Such work as this will help develop the working forces of the church 
of Christ in places where it is now idle: it will increase the efficiency of 
Christian men and women, and be obeying the Divine command. " Go 
ye into the by-ways and hedges and compel them to come in. that my 
house may be full." and lastly, it will do much to stem the tide of Sab- 
bath desecration, that is now flooding the land. 

This inter-denominational Sunday-school movement has accomplished 

It has promoted America to the leadership of the world in organized 
Bible teaching. 

Has brought it to pass that we have in the United States one-half of 
the Sunday-School scholars of all nations. 

Has averaged three new schools daily, for sixty years, in places 
actually destitute. 

Has enrolled a half million of teachers and three millions of pupils. 

Has originated and energized the scheme of Township. County. Dis- 
trict. State. National, and International conventions. 

Has established and sustained the uniform lesson system by which 
twelve millions of Bible students co-operate for mutual profit in the study 
of the Word. 

Has fostered the impulse from which sprang Chautauqua and its 
world-wide sisterhood of assemblies and reading circles. 

Has greatly enlarged the patronage and enhanced the success of 
denominational publishing houses and boards. 

lias powerfully promoted the spirit of Christian unity by which 
churches are richly blest, and the people of God " made pefect in one." 

A review of tli*-* work in this ami other States confirms us in the 
belief that this inter-denominational Sunday-school oganization is a 
necessity. There is a great work for us to do. The claim that by 
co-operation the members of the several evangelical churches can accom- 
plish a work that cannot otherwise be performed, finds support in the 
report of the Evangelical Alliance of the United States, as follows: 

•• Organization is one of the most marked characteristics of the nine- 
teenth century civilization. It is necessary to great results — whether 
in comnifrcial business, political or religious enterprise. Intelligent 
co-operation would strengthen every denomination, and greatly increase 
the effectiveness of each." 

A careful study of the history and results of Sunday-school work, as 
carried forward by this and similar Associations, "will lead to the 
admission that there is no other plan for ' intelligent and comprehensive 
co-operation' that has such a claim upon all Christians as organized 
Sunday-school work: nor any that promises such magnificent results. 
Admitting all that can be claimed for any other branch of church 
work, we solemnly declare our belief, that in the work performed, in 
the results secured, and the expense incurred, the Sunday-school is the 

Sunday-School Convention. 27 

most important, the most hopeful, and the most economical agency of 
the church." 

In conclusion, we recommend for the consideration of this Conven- 
tion — 

First. The employment of organizers for the first, second, fourth, 
fifth, eighth, eleventh and twelfth districts, who shall be paid ten dol- 
lars for each county in the fourth, fifth and eighth, and twelve dollars 
for each county in the first, second, eleventh and twelfth districts, in 
which an association is organized by holding a Convention, electing 
officers, and furnishing the Secretary with a list of the same. 

Second. The election of a lady Mission Aid Secretary, whose duty it 
will be to endeavor to secure the election of a Woman's Mission Aid 
Secretary in each organized county and to inaugurate the work in 
accordance with the suggestions made in this report. 

Third. That this Convention emphasize the importance of the employ- 
ment of at least one Sunday-school organizer by every organized county. 

Fourth. That the published report of this Convention shall contain 
the addresses, speeches, and reports in full, that workers throughout 
the State may be encouraged in the work before them. 

Fifth. That the expense of publication of the report be. as far as 
possible, covered by unobjectionable advertisements in the back part of 
the report, and by a fixed charge for copies of the report. 

Respectfully submitted, H. N. SNOW. 

Secretary of Committee. 

The above report was referred to the following committee: 
W. A. Blair, Wm. Black, Rev. W. A. Lutz, H. C. Wall and 
Rev. J. J! Hall. 


At the State Convention held in Charlotte last April, no statistic? were 
presented other than the statement of the Secretary that twenty coun- 
ties were organized. I have now to report that forty-nine of the ninety- 
six counties of the State are organized, and that thirty-eight have held 
conventions this year. Since our last Convention a system for the col- 
lection of statistics has been inaugurated. We have blank forms for 
the reports of individual schools to the County Secretary at the County 
Convention; a large blank for the use of the County Secretaries in 
scheduling these individual school reports, and a blank form for the 
County Secretary's report to the State Statistical Secretary, stating 
names and post-office addresses of the officers of the County Association, 
and giving a summary of the school reports. All of these blank forms 
are furnished to the County Secretaries at the expense of the State 
Association. Few of the counties have, as yet, availed themselves of 


Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

these convenient statistical forms, for the reason that the greater num- 
ber were holding their first Convention and were not organized so as to 
get in these statistical reports, as will be done hereafter. Some, too, 
did not know of the existence of these blanks. For these reasons I 
have been unable to collect statistics through our own organization. 
As we have no better means of ascertaining the numerical strength of 
the Sunday-school army in North Carolina, I have compiled from the 
published reports of the several church denominations in the State the 
following statistics, which are, probably, as nearly correct as any we 
might gather through our own, or any other system : 


























Baptist* . 

Methodist Episcopal, South 
Methodii-t Episcopal. South 
Methodist Episcopal, South 

Metliodist Episcopal 

Methodist Protestant 

Wesleyan Metliodist 


Associate Reformed Pres. . . 
Episcopal . 


0, l£i 















White and col'd. 
N. C. Conference. 
Va.Conf. inN. C. 
Holston Conf. in 
[N. C. 

Evangelical Lutheran 

German Reformed 

Christian . . .... 

Christian ... 



Eastern Conf. 
Central Conf. 
Deep River Conf. 


African M. E 

African M. E. Zion 

Estimate for omissions. .. 




* Estimated. 
From the latest published report of the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, we learn that there are in the State 580,819 children between 
the ages of six and twenty-one. Of these 363,982 are white, and 
216,837 are colored. Our statistics, as compiled from the denominational 
reports, give a total membership in the Sunday-schools of 287,185. It is 
safe to assume that one-third of that number are persons over twenty- 
one years of age. Making the deduction, we have a total of 191,457 
scholars between the ages of six and twenty-one in the Sunday-schools, 

Sunday-School Convention. 29 

as against 580,819 in the State, thus showing that there are 389,362 
children between the ages of six and twent-one that do not attend any 

From the aggregates of the denominational reports, it will be seen 
that the total number of schools in the State is estimated at 4,243; total 
number of officers and teachers, 32,172; total number of scholars, 
255,013; total 287,185. The present estimated population of the State is 
placed at 1,655,000, (the estimate of increase since 1880 being 20 per 
cent., and estimating the exodus of colored people to be 25,000), but 
from these figures there must be deducted at least 15 per cent, for 
infants and those too young to attend school, and probably 15 per cent, 
more for those too old, infirm or unable to attend. This done, there 
would appear to be about 24^y per cent, of the entire population, after 
making the deductions named above, connected with the Sunday-schools 
of the State; or 17 T 3 I f ff per cent, of the total population without making 
such deductions. Nineteen States of the Union show a greater per- 
centage of population in Sunday-school, notably, Connecticut 24|, 
Maryland 24J-, Nebraska 22^-. Nine States of the Union and the District 
of Columbia haiie every county organized. Cabarrus and Durham 
counties are designated on the map as "banner" counties. Each has 
held a County Convention and a Convention for each township; but 
they must yield the palm to Rowan County for effective Sunday-school 
work. Comparisons are odious, but frequently of service in illustration. 
I can be pardoned in making one comparison, especially as I represent 
my own county in a bad light. We in Durham County think we are 
doing fairly well in the Sunday-school work. What are the facts? 
Durham County has an area of 364 square miles and 38 Sunday schools; 
an average of one school to every nine and one-half square miles. 
Rowan County has an area of 450 square miles and 100 Sunday-schools: 
an average of one school to every four and a half square miles. Durham 
County has a population of 13,000 — an average of one school to every 
342 of population. Rowan has a population of 19,917 — an average of 
one school to every 199 of population. Delegates can readily make 
other comparisons by filling in on the statement furnished them, the 
membership and average attendance of the Sunday-schools of their 
counties. I think they will find the comparisons interesting and profit- 
able, and many of the counties far behind even Durham in this work. 

I cannot close this report without making the request that all officers 
of county associations interest themselves in securing complete statisti- 
cal reports from the schools of their counties, that they may be aggre- 
gated by the County Secretaries and by them furnished to the State 
Secretary, that we may be informed where the more needy localities 
are, that provision may be made for their assistance <tnd relief. Without 
statistics, the State Convention will remain in the dark as regards the 
needs of the different sections. Nothing will tend more to the interest 

30 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

of the State Convention work than complete statistical returns from 
the counties. Comparison will stimulate workers to greater exertion in 
the more complete organization of their counties. 

Respectfully submitted. H. N. SNOW, 

Statistical Secretary. 
The report was adopted. 

Mr. A. M. McPheeters, ot* Raleigh, then delivered an 

address on '" Spiritual Preparation Necessary to Success in 

Sunda\ -school Teaching," of which the following is an 

abstract : 

Let us first understand the position and duties of a Sunday-school 
teacher. He cannot, and is not intended to take the place of either the 
parent or the pastor. Nothing can absolve the parent from the com- 
mand of God to bring his child up "in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord." or of the pastor to lead the lambs of his flock to the " green 
pastures and still waters of salvation.'" If the teacher's aim and pur- 
pose is to impart only historical, geographical or chronological instruc- 
tion, then he does not need spiritual preparation; but if his great object 
is, as it should be, to lead those committed to his care to the Lord Jesus 
Christ, then he will feel that spiritual preparation is of the first impor- 
tance. How shall this spiiitual preparation be had ? Only by going up 
to our •• work of faith and labor of love." as teachers, with " prepara- 
tion, diligence and prayer." — drink deep from the inexhaustible foun- 
tain of love and purity in the Word of God: make it the " man of your 
counsel." (Jo from the closet to the class. 

"Prayer makes the < hristian's arinor bright; 

And Satan trembles when lie sees 
The weakest saint upon his knees." 

Bear each scholar on the arms of your faith at the throne of Grace. 
Let them see and feel, that you are spiritually prepated, and that you 
feel a deep interest in their spiritual welfare: that the object of your 
teaching is to lead each of them to know, love and serve the Lord Jesus 
Christ. We need spiritual preparation to give us boldness to do our 
whole duty as Sunday school teachers: to prepare us to make a personal 
appeal and application of the truths of the Bible to each one of our 
scholars — for the want of this spiritual preparation we are too often 
cowards. In the faithful discharge of our duties as Christian workers 
in the Sunday-school, as well as out of it, we should not dare to go into 
this work without Divine help. God has promised to give the wisdom 
and power we need. 

The address was closed with an earnest appeal for conse- 
cration and devotion. 

The Convention sang in closing, " While the days are going 
by." Benediction by Rev. B. W. Shaw. 

Sunday-School Convention. 31 

SECOND DAY— Morning Session 

Wednesday, February 26, 1890. 

Convention called to order by the President, Dr. Pritchard. 

Praise service led by Rev. F. W. E. Peschau. 

The subject, " Better Conventions," was taken up and dis- 
cussed. Delegates from several counties reported the prog- 
ress of the Sunday-school work in their respective localities, 
in many of which organizations had been effected and con- 
ventions held. 

Rev. W. A. Lutz addressed the Convention on the subject, 
" Country Sunday-schools — their Peculiar Difficulties and 
Demands." He spokt j of the trials which beset the pastor 
whose labor is in suburban places, and the many obstacles 
with which he has to contend to keep alive the Sunday- 
school interest. He also offered several suggestions, which 
would tend to remove or lessen the difficulties in the way. 

Paper on "How to Teach the International Sunday-school 
Lesson of February 23d, 1890, to a Class of Adults," by 
I. H. Foust, owing to the absence of the writer, was not 
read to the Convention ; and, pending the discussion of the 
question of printing it in the Proceedings, a motion was 
made to appoint a Committee on Publication. 

The President appointed J. W. Gore, H. N. Snow, F. S. 
Blair, Rev. F. W. E. Peschau, A. M. McPheeters and S. W. 
Reid, on Committee of Publication. 

Method of Teaching the Primary Class was discussed by- 
Mr. Wm. Reynolds and Rev. J. J. Hall. 

The following report of Treasurer was read and referred 
to an Auditing Committee, consisting of George W. Watts., 
S. G. Hall and G. P. McNeill: 

• 3 

32 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

North Carolina State Sunday-School Association. 

In account with W. H. Sprunt, Treasurer. 


Balance from Treasurer J. T. Pullen. 1888.. .__.$ 86 50 

Collection at Charlotte. 1889 6138 

County pledges, 1888 36 00 

County pledges. 1889 405 71 

Individual pledges, 1889 .121 00 


Paid International Sunday-school Association $100 00 

Paid map for State, work 43 24 

Paid stationery, printing, postage, etc . . . - 135 36 

Paid organizing districts 130 00 

Paid railroad fare, Mr. Reisner 7 30 

Balance . 298 69 

$713 59 $713 59 

Balance First National Bank, Wilmington $298 69 

E. & O. E. W. H. SPRUNT, 

Wilmington, N. C. February 26, 1890. Treasurer. 

Examined and found correct. 

Geo. W. Watts, 
Samuel G. Hall, 
G. P. McNeill, 


In connection with the Treasurer's report, the subject of 
finances was taken up and discussed at some length, prin- 
cipally by Mr. Win. Reynolds, whose ideas and suggestions 
regarding this important matter received profound attention, 
and, at the conclusion of his remarks, pledges were called for 
from the different counties for money with which to more 
successfully carry on the Sunday-school work for the coming 
year, resulting as follows: 

County. Pledged by. Amount. 

Beaufort W. R. Ware $ 10 00 

Chatham ... A. H. Merritt ... 25 00 

Columbus J. F. Harrell 25 00 

Cumberland G. P. McNeill.... 50 00 

Durham G. W. Watts 100 00 

Sunday-School Convention. 33 

Forsyth.... J. W. McCurry $ 50 00 

Guilford S. A. Kerr 25 00 

Hertford... F. S. Blair 5 00 

Iredell H. H. Jordan 50 00 

Mecklenburg S. W. Reid 100 00 

Montgomery W. H. McNeill 25 00 

New Hanover . George Chadburn 100 W 

Pender . J. H. Moore 25 00 

Pitt .' R. B. John 10 00 

Richmond H. C. Wall.. 50 00 

Robeson....... W. B. Harker _. 50 00 

Rowan W. H. Reisner 50 00 

Wake A. M. McPheeters 25 00 

Wake N. B. Broughtou 25 00 

Wake S. M. Parrish 25 00 

Wilson D. H. Tuttle 10 00 


B. F. Hall, Wilmington 25 00 

S. Northrop, Wilmington 10 00 

D. G. Worth, Wilmington 10 00 

G. W. Williams, Wilmington... 10 00 

B. G. Worth, Wilmington 10 00 

W. M. Poison, Wilmington 10 00 

W. H. Worth, Wilmington 5 00 

W. M. Cumming, Wilmington 1 00 

W. M. Cumming, (per S. S. class) 1 00 

Berry Bell, Wilmington 5 00 

Mrs. A. F. Lucas, Wilmington 5 00 

J. B. Hand, Wilmington 5 00 

Mrs. E. F. Hancock 5 00 

J. C. Brown . Ansonville 5 00 

J. H. Southgate, Durham 25 00 

Cash collection 40 03 

On motion, $100 were appropriated to the International 
Sunday-school Association. 

Prof. J. W. Beardslee, of Savannah, Ga., being called 
upon, favored the Convention with a song, entitled " Throw 
out the Life-line." 

34 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 




How do you conduct the Quarterly Review? has been the question of 
exchange between Sunday-school Superintendents ever since the inaug- 
uration of the International system: and, by common consent, it is 
understood to be the most difficult of all the lessons to make profitable 
and interesting. In the day-school and the college the "examination'' 
is a part of the regular course, and the students progress and standing 
is determined thereby. This should be so iu the Sunday-school, and if 
the Review is difficult in plan and interest, it is so for want of proper 
study and preparation. In considering our subject, we have two divis- 
ions, viz.: value and methods, and we notice, therefore, the first in 
order — 


The half hour devoted to a study of the lesson each Sabbath can afford 
little opportunity for doing more than opening the door to a revelation 
of the truths intended to be taught: to find out what has been learned 
and giving that which has been acquired by the teacher. In doing this 
from Sabbath to Sabbath, the central truths must be specially impressed. 
But how shall we know that progress has been made? If truth lias not 
been lodged in the heart, our work i> in vain. There can be no teaching 
without learning, and no teacher should be willing to continue in the 
work (if permitted to do so) who has not received back, in icords and 
in actions, knowledge of impressions male. How forcibly this is illus- 
trated in the review questions of our Lord to Peter: " Jesus saith to 
Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? 
He saith unto Him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith 
unto him. Feed my lambs. He saiih unto him the second time," and 
again the third time. Peter was grieved that he said unto him the third 
time. But can any one doubt that Peter ever forgot those questions or 
his answers — aye, the very spot where they were when the Master put 
them ? 

How sweetly is that infant prayer, " Now I lay me down to sleep," 
handed down fro qi generation to generation, and who can estimate how 
many lives have been blessed by it — how many souls have gone out in 
longing for more knowledge of Him to whom the little hands were 
raised, as on bended knee beside the mother this prayer was repeated 
over and over again. 

The Review is the testing time. What has the teacher gained ? W T hat 
has the scholar accomplished ? Let the examination prove. 

Sunday-School Convention. 35 

The lessons of each quarter are given us as a chain of special truth, 
and link by link the class is expected to form this golden chain, and at 
the close each link to be fastened by a central rivet that shall bind us 
more securely to the heavenly anchorage. 

Under the old system of Sunday-school teaching, the memorizing of 
Scripture formed a very important part of the student's work, and the 
hearing of the same was the teacher's delight (for it cost him no study 
or labor). To this memorizing of Scripture many a preacher, in after 
years, owed his ability to " rightly divide the word" and " give to each 
his portion"; and many a saint, in declining age or in the dying hour, 
rejoiced upon the remembrance of the precious promises. 

But the days of " committing the most verses by heart " have passed 
away, and there is some cause for fear that we have not supplied their 
place. Certain it is, that simply ''hearing the lesson" does not do it. 
Line upon line and precept upon precept, here a little and there a little, 
is the design of the present, system, and without the review carefully 
and prayerfully considered, it were better not to follow the International 
Lessons at all. 

Rev. Dr. H. Clay Trumbull, in his valuable book, "Teaching and 
Teachers," says: 

"It is not merely in those things which were learned only for the time 
being, that reviewing is essential to their fresh retention in the memory. 
It is the same with many of those things which were learned most thor- 
oughly and as for all time. Even our ' mother tongue ' is no exception to 
this. Take a child who has already learned to speak and read and write 
in his own language, and carry him over the ocean to live among those 
whose language is wholly different, and he is liable to lose the memory 
of the language which once filled all his mind, and was as familiar to 
him as his own breathing. This was the case with Dr. Yung Wing, 
the Chinese student, who had his second education in America. After 
his graduation from Yale College, when he decided to return to his 
native land, with a noble purpose in behalf of those who were of his 
own blood, he found himself necessitated to learn the Chinese language 
over again; because it had not been reviewed by him in all the years 
of his absence from China. And so it has been with many another 

But we doubt not there is very general agreement of the importance 
of the Review, and therefore that which concerns us most is our second 
division — 


The methods are as varied as the lessons. The main difficulty in the 
way of many Superintendents in conducting the Quarterly Review is, 
that they attempt to teach twelve lessons instead of one. We have never 
tried to conduct any two reviews alike, and have never been able to use 

36 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

any of the prepared charts which give beginnings of the subject and 
golden text of each lesson. Indeed, we have not felt the need of going- 
over these at all. 

There should be a review of the lesson of former Sunday as introduc- 
tory to each, and this should come from the teacher. At the end of 
the quarter, the Superintendent or Pastor should, by careful prepara- 
tion, make out one lesson running back over the twelve lessons studied, 
and in thirty to forty minutes (the orthodox length of a sermon) give 
the same to the school. This may be done by grouping various lessons, 
or as a lesson story. Or the leader may make a selection of certain 
of the twelve lessons, upon which he will ask one and another of the 
teachers to give three-minute talks, interspersing with prayer and 

It ofti-n occurs that the quarter's lessons have been running in one 
special direction, and that a heart talk of fifteen minutes, as the cul- 
mination of the whole, will be the thing to do. Or a half hour of 
special song and prayer service, with an enquiry meeting at the close? 
may be the proper course. In fact, while the Quarterly Review should 
never be neglected, it is very difficult to outline any plan for conducting 
the same that will be suitable, in our judgment, for any two schools. 

To one who is an expert in the use of chalk the black-board may be 
used to great advantage in the Quarterly Review, by sketches, word- 
pictures. &c. But " chalk-talkers " are scarce, and unless this work can 
be done well, it had best be* left undone on review Sundays. 

In our judgment, a missionary lesson or a temperance lesson should not 
be substituted for the Review. These subjects should take their place in 
the order in which they are found in the study of the Scriptures, and, 
as other truths, be taught from Sabbath to Sabbath. 

Mr. Broughton consenting, a number of questions were 
asked him about the conduct of the school generally, and 
among them the following: 

Question. Do you give Previews? 

Answer. No, not to the school, but at Teachers' Meetings. Nor do I 
think the Superintendent should ever remark on the lesson before it is 
taught by the teacher. They should have the first and fullest chance. 
I would not consent to teach under a Superintendent that outlined the 
lesson before I had tried to teach it to my class. 

Q. Do you make a talk on the lesson in the closing exercises? 

A. Yes, when I have anything to say. But my rule is not to speak 
unless from a full heart, and then not longer than from five to seven 

Q. Do you believe in asking questions on the lesson by the Superin- 
tendent ? 

Sunday-School Convention. 37 

A. Not often. As a rule, he must either ask questions so simple that 
they are of little value, or ask such as he must take chances for the 
answer, and my experience is that there is danger in that. (Mr. B. 
told an amusing incident as illustrating this point.) 

Q. How long do you allow the classes for study? 

A. Strictly thirty minutes for study; five minutes for record, collec- 
tion, &c. 

Q. Do tou allow classes to be disturbed during the thirty minutes? 

A. No, under no circumstances. I would place a guard at each class 
with sword in hand, if necessary, to prevent. 

Q. When and how do you seek to reach the unconverted ? 

A. This should be done by the teacher, who, if watchful, will see 
when the seed has fallen in good ground, and will quietly detain the 
pupil to say a word and pray with and specially help the seeking one. 

Q. Do you use the colored designs of the Providence Lithograph 
Company ? 

A. Yes, and like them very much. 


Afternoon Session. 

Prayer and praise service led by Rev. Collin Shaw. 

The following counties reported : Duplin, Durham, Colum- 
bus, Randolph, Chatham, Wake and Pender. 

Address, "The Art of Securing Attention," by Prof. W. 
A. Blair. 

A Conference on better Sunday-schools was held, and 
suggestions offered by Mr. Reynolds, Prof. Beardslee, Mr. 
McNeill, Rev. J. J. Hall, Mr. McCurry, N. B. Broughton, 
Wm. Black and A. M. McPheeters. 

The following telegram was read : 

Peoria, Illinois, February 26, 1890. 
To Sabbath-school Convention— Care Wm. Reynolds : 

Greetings to all the good friends of North Carolina, " whom having 
not seen, I love." Read Colossians ii: 5; Third Epistle of John, 5, and 
Ephesians iii: 14-21. Martha B. Reynolds. 


3S Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Evening Session. 


Devotional exercises led by Rev. J. A. Speight. 

Address. " The Religious use of the Imagination," by Rev. 
B. F. Creasy. 

Address. " Teachers," by R. B. Reppard. 

Mr. McPheeters spoke briefly of the Sunday-school work 
at the Penitentiary. 

On motion, an invitation from the citizens of Wilmington 
to visit the Sound to-morrow afternoon was accepted. 

On motion, election of officers was made special order for 
11 a. m. to morrow. 

Mr. Reynolds announced that this State was entitled to 
forty-four delegates to the International Convention to be 
held in Pittsburg next June. 

On motion, the following committee was appointed to 
nominate delegates to the International Convention: H. N. 
Snow, J. \V. Gore and X. B. Broughton. 

The place of holding the next annual Convention was 
taken up. 

Durham and Fayetteville were nominated. Upon putting 
the question to the house, it was decided that Fayetteville 
would be the place of our next Convention. 

Doxology and benediction. 

THIRD DAY— Morning Session. 

Thursday, February 27, 1890. 

Devotional exercises conducted by Rev. J. W. Primrose. 

The committee to whom was referred the report of the 
Executive Committee, recommended its adoption as recorded, 
with the additional recommendation that $1,000 be raised 
and placed under the direction of the Executive Committee 
for the carrying on of its work during the coming year. 

Sunday-School Convention. 39 

On motion, the number of copies of Minutes to be printed, 
and the number of pages, be left to the Executive Com- 

On motion, those who were on the programme and not 
present, and failed to send excuse, be written to and enquire 
cause of absence. 

Upon request, Mr. Reynolds answered several questions 
that were asked relative to the work. 

Address, " The Art of Questioning," by Prof. G. T. Adams. 

H. X. Snow moved that our next Convention be called 
the Tenth instead of the Fomth, as there had formerly been 
six annual Conventions held in connection with the Inter- 
national Sunday-school work 

Committee on nominating officers for the ensuing year 
reported (See page 2.) 

Greetings received from the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Asheville. Ephesians iii: 14, to end of chapter. 

Committee on Nominating Delegates to International 
Convention reported the following : 

Wilmington— Revs. F. D. Swindell. F. W. E. Pesehau.T. H. Pritchard, 

Messrs. J. C, Davis. W. H. Sprunt, Geo. Chadburn. J. S. Allen and W. 
F. Williams. 

Raleigh— Rev*. J. P. Barrett, J. J. Hall. Messrs. N. B. Broughton. A. 
M. McPheeters and W. J. Young. 

Charlotte— A. G. Breneizer. S. W. Reid and Rev. C. E. Todd. 

Salisbury — W. H. Reisner. 

Enochville — Rev. W. A. Lutz. 

Clear Creek— H. C. Dunn. 

Shelby — J. S. Martin and Rev. J. M. McManaway. 

Durham— Rev. J. L. White, Rev. H. T. Darnall. Rev. E. A. Yates. 
Geo. W. Watts. J. S. Carr. E. J. Parrish, H. N. Snow and V. Ballard. 

Chapel HiU— Prof. Thos. Hume. 

Salem — Rev. E. Rondthaler. 

Winston — Prof. W. A. Blair. 

Greenville— J. H. Tucker, Rev. G. A. Oglesby and Hon. T. J. Jarvis. 

Greensboro— J '. R. Mendenhall and S. A. Kerr. 

Washington — Rev. W. R. Ware. 

Fayetteville—~Rzx. T. P. Barclay acd G. P. McNeill. 

Lumberton — Rev. R. P. Law. 

Maxton — Win. Black. 

40 Minutes of the Nixih Annual 

The following resolutions were offered by Geo. W. Watts: 

Whereas, The North Carolina State Sunday-school Association has 
been so fortunate as to secure the services as Statistical Secretary of 
such a man as Horace N. Snow; and whereas, his work has been quite 
arduous, such as producing the beautiful and valuable rnap now before 
us: has done almost the entire work of the Executive Committee; has 
carefully sought and compiled statistics whenever and wherever obtain- 
able; has personally written in the past year over 500 letters in reference 
to county organization and other purposes tending to the welfare of our 
Association: therefore be it 

Resolved, 1. That we, the North Carolina State Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation in Convention assembled, do tender to Mr. Snow our w-armest 
praise and thanks for his untiring energy in his labor of love. 

2. That we appreciate the fact that he has done more than his position 
demanded of him, and did it all in the most satisfactory manner, and 
with a cheerful. Christian spirit. 

3. That, only as an expression of our appreciation, and in recognition 
of his valuable services, but not as compensation for the same (as our 
treasury would not allow it), we tender to him the sum one hundred 


Evening Session. 

('(invention called to order by President Blair. 
Promise meeting led by Mr. Reynolds. 



I was requested by the Committee to submit a paper to this Conven- 
tion upon the theme, " Bible Authority for Sunday-schools." At first I 
was disposed to regard such a discussion as a superfluous work. It 
seemed to me like trying to paint the sun. or to be called upon to touch 
up with my poor brush the glowing beauty of an October sunset. But 
after studying the subject a little, and making an effort to get a proper 
standpoint from which to view it, and remembering what a medley of 
notions fills the minds of many human beings, and the inability of many 
to think far into systems of truth, I concluded it was not such a super- 
fluous work after all. 

Sunday-School Convention. 41 

The authority of Common Law is grounded in the nature of things, 
or natural justice: and statutory law is right in so far as it conforms to, 
and is in harmony with, the principles of Common Law. Mr. Burke 
says that "Law is beneficence acting by rule." This is a very great 
truth, and God's law is the highest expression of it. The Scriptural 
authority for the Sunday-school is disclosed in the common law of the 
Bible, rather than in any express statute, the essential and central ele- 
ment of which is the beneficence of God in saving a world. We grant 
that there is no express command, "Thou shalt have Sunday-schools 
for the children "; but then there is no express command, " Thou shalt 
have prayer-meetings for the grown people; " and the one has as much 
authority as the other — and both have Bible authority, because both are 
in harmony with Bible teaching. 

But it may be said that the Sunday-school is a violation of the Sab- 
bath. In reply to this we must remember that it is a just canon of 
interpi-etation, that no single passage found in any book, whether it be in 
Science, Philosophy, or Morals, is to be construed out of harmony with 
the general scope, meaning and intention of the book in which such 
passage is found. Now, the general scope and meaning of the Bible is 
to teach men the way to God and salvation, and if the command, "Thou 
shalt do no work on the Sabbath day," be construed in opposition to the 
Sunday-school, it might, with equal force, be construed against any other 
form of mental labor on the Sabbath in learning the truth of God and 
salvation. But construing it in opposition to learning the way of salva- 
tion, would be to construe it in opposition to the general scope and 
meaning of the Bible; therefore such a construction is a fallacy. I 
know of no other passage of Scripture that could even remotely be 
construed in opposition to the Sunday-school. In law we might rest 
the case here, for it is a principle of law that whatever is not directly or 
indirectly forbidden is permissible. But we prefer to go forward and 
adduce the clear Scriptural authority for the Sunday-school. 

In the examination of this subject, we must first take into account 
the meaning of the phrase " means of grace." There are certain forms 
of service and certain ordinances in the church, which, together with 
the influence of the Holy Spirit, furnish helps to the favor of God and 
to favorable conditions for serving Him. This favor is grace, and these 
are the means for securing such favor. Hence they are the " means of 
grace." Now these means of grace may be arranged into two classes. 
First, means which are of Divine ordination ; and secondly, those 
which are instituted by man, and maybe called "prudential means." 
In the first category may be placed such as the preaching of the gospel, 
the administration of the sacraments, the institution of the Sabbath, 
teaching the law of God to children and others. In the second cate- 
gory may be arranged such as prayer-meetings, Sunday-schools, charita- 
ble and missionary institutions and others. 

42 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Now, the prudential means of grace, of course, are not those which 
are directly ordained of God: but they are such as are clearly inferred 
and deduced from His Holy Word. For instance, prayer is divinely 
enjoined, but God assumed that men had sufficient intelligence to 
arrange out of this, for the support of the religious life of an organized 
church, such a prudential expression and practice as would be a public 
means of grace. Hence, we have the prayer-meeting and other public 
prayer exercises. The peculiar form, time and manner of holding such 
meeting was not divinely ordained, but the essential element used, 
namely, prayer, ivas so oidained. 

So, likewise, we have the following divinely ordained : "Bring up 
your children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord." — Eph. vi: 4. 
Also, " "Therefor e shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your 
soul. *■ * * And ye shall teach them to your children, speaking of them 
when thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, when 
thou liest down and when thou risest up." — Dciit. xi: 18-19. The peculiar 
phraseology, in this quotation from Deuteronomy, indicates the high 
import of the subject matter of the teaching. The essential thing is 
that the children shall be " taught the icords of Goi." Teaching is 
different from mere telling, in that it is to be special and continuous, 
and therefore systematic. But such systematic teaching must be left, 
as to the time, place and modes, to those who may be rightfully entrusted 
with the work, whether parents or other ttachers. Intelligent, Chris- 
tian people are presumed to be able to devise the time, mode and place 
for such teaching: and surely, if God specifically commands in His 
Word that this teaching shall be done, and the subject-matter of it is in 
essential harmony with the central truth of Revel ition, the Sabbath 
day. which was given for the same religious purpose, is the fittest day 
for such teaching. Therefore, we have Bible authority of the strongest 
kind for the Sunday-school. These schools have been more and more 
perfectly developed as the years passed by. The present system did not 
spring into existence all at once. The divine command to teach the 
children was sought to be complied with from the earliest age of the 
Christian church. Very early in the first century the children were 
gathered into schools and taught the truths of our holy religion. 
Mostiiem, in his Church History (page 25), makes this statement: 

"The Christians took all possible care to accustom their children to 
the study of the Scriptures, and to instruct them in the doctrines of 
their holy religion; and schools were everywhere erected for this pur- 
pose, even from the very commencement of the Christian church. - ' 

Let it be noted that he says schools for this purpose were everywhere 
erected. And he goes on to say that these schools for teaching children 
the religion of Jesus were different from those which were designed for 
training ministers. His language is this: 

Sunday-School Convention. 43 

" We must not confound the schools designed only for children with 
the academies of the ancient Christians, erected in several large cities, 
in which persons of riper years, especially such as aspired to be public 
teachers, were instructed in the different branches both of human learn- 
ing and sacred erudition." 

One of these Theological Schools (as we would now call them), was 
erected by St. John at Ephesus, and one by Polycarp at Smyrna, also a 
Catechetical School at Alexandria by St. Mark. 

Now, two things are to be deduced from this statement of Moshiem's, 
and which statement is substantially corroborated by other historians. 
First, that these schools for the religious instruction of children had 
the sanction of the Apostles themselves. They were erected while the 
Apostles were still living, and doubtless were under their express direc- 
tion and oversight. The schools were, therefore, in harmony with the 
sacred Scriptures, which command that the children shall be taught the 
words of G< d. and be " brought up in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord." E'se, how can we account for their having the personal 
sanction of the Apostles? Secondly, the presumption is very strong 
that thebe schools were held on Sunday, — first, because of the religious 
nature of the instruction, that being the specific object, under the 
emphatic command of God in Deuteronomy; and secondly, because in 
the early, as well as the modern church, Sunday ivas set apart for such 
religious instruction. 

When we put together, then, the two branches of the proposition, 
that these schools for the religious instruction of children were sanc- 
tioned by the Apostles, and that Sunday was generally set apart for 
religious instruction, we have almost a logical demonstration that 
Sunday sclwols were sanctioned by the teaching and co-operation of 
the Apostles; and if by the Apostles, thea they were authorized by the 
general tcope and meaning of the Bible. But if some one is still dis- 
posed to say that they ought not to be held on Sunday, we reply, most 
emphatically, that if the Sabbath is too sacred to be used for the relig- 
ious instruction of children, then it is too sacred to be of any use to 
man at all! But we must remember that " the Sabbath w r as made for 
man, and not man for the Sabbath." 

Passing over the middle ages, then, and coming down to more modern 
times, we find that the Renaissance of learning brought with it a revival 
of the Sunday-school, until in the latter half of the 18th century it was 
perfected almost into the form in which we have it to-day. And its 
progress is marked by the great names of Luther, and Wesley, and 
Bishop Asbury, and Bishop White, and Hannah Ball, and Robt. Raikes, 
and others, whose names were not born to die and will live forever. 

Now. the sum of what we have thus far suggested is this: first, the 
Bible does not in any way prohibit Sunday-schools for the religious 
instruction of children, and it is a principle of law that whatever is not 

44 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

forbidden, directly or indirectly, is permissible. Secondly, the Sunday- 
school had the immediate sanction of the Apostles, because the work 
of the schooi was in harmony with the teaching of the Bible, else it 
would not have had such sanction. It follows, then, from this, that 
unless it can be shown that the essential and avowed object of the 
Sunday-school viulati s the command to keep holy the Sabbath day, we 
have Bible authority, of the most emphatic and comprehensive kind, for 
the Sunday school. Does the Sunday-school, then, in theory or fact, 
violate the Sabbath ? Ought we not to reverse the question, and ask, 
do not Sabbath-schools, e^en if they were only schools of ethical 
science, really tend to preserve the sanctity and Scriptural observance 
of the Sabbath ? There are none who more clearly perceive this truth 
than mothers; and it is for this reason, in the main, that our Sunday- 
schools are so full and flourishing. Take the mother's heart, that won- 
derful piece of heaven':- machinery for helping the world to God, from 
beneath the Sunday-schooi. and it totters to its fall 

In dealing the line of our thought along here, we may arrange 
parents into two classes: first, those who believe we have Bible authority 
for the Sunday-school, and send their children to it; and secondly, those 
who do not so believe, and who do not send or take their children to 
the school. Now. let us see which of these two classes violates the 
; hath. Those who send their children to the Sunday school secure 
three things — first, for the time being, the children are withdrawn from 
the temptation to engage in worldly sports; secondly, the subject-mat- 
ter of their teaching in the Sunday-school tends to preserve in their 
minds i he sanctity of the Sabbath, and to cultivate their hearts in the 
keeping of God's commandments ; and thirdly, the parents, in sending 
their children to the Sunday-school, avail themselves of this organized 
help in their effort to obey God's command to teach their children the 
words of God's law, and to " bring up their children in the nurture and 
admonition of the Lord." 

Where, then, are the children of the other class? Are they at home 
on the Sabbath? Are the parents wise, pious ami strong enough to do 
all the teaching in this peculiar age in which we live, and are they at 
it? Not much. The older girls, during a good part of the Sabbath, 
arc in the house, most of the time engaged in i-eading dime-novels: 
the smaller ones are in the garden making baby houses: and the boys, if 
no worse, are out in the field playing base-ball, down beside the creeks 
killing snakes, or out in some back-lot fighting chickens. And the poor 
old father sits in the house arguing with his wife to convince her that 
there is no Bible authority for the Sunday-school! I say " arguing with 
bis wife,'' for eight mothers out of ten — yes, ninety-five out of one hun- 
dred — have more sense than their husbands just on this line of things. 
For while they have not the time, and may-be not the logical ability, to 
work out a (bain of reasoning always for what they believe, their own 

Sunday-School Convention. 45 


intuition is sufficient to satisfy them that if the Bible means am thing 
to the purpose of the soul's salvation, it means Sunday-schools. The 
picture here presented is a little amusing. A man is nothing if he can- 
not argue the Bible. He regards himself as specially gifted in that 
way. and he is particularly in the spirit when the spirits are in Mm, 
and like the spirits, he is ardent. I never saw a man so drunk, if he 
could just stand upon his feet, nor one so ignorant of learning or 
unskilled in letters, who could not hold a stiff argument against all 
comers upon the high themes of predestination, the freedom of the will, 
falling from grace, or the necessity of being buried in baptism. And, 
strange to say, they delight to hold these arguments with their wives, 
and sometimes get angry because the wife cannot see the point. When, 
of all the people in the world, those very wives are the quickest to see 
a logical dunce. At best, it can only be said that man's logic crosses the 
ocean in a steamer, while woman's goes over on the electric wire. She, 
with her lightning logic in morals and religion, sees the truth quickly, 
and tries to beat it into the thick skull of her husband; while he, in relig- 
ious matters, will hardly take a drink of water without Bible authority, 
but is almost always ready to take a drink of whiskey on his own 
authority. I said his " logic crosses the ocean in a steamer," but that 
is not always true. It sometimes gets over on an old wreck, and often 
starts out on a rotten raft and never gets there at all! It is that class 
who deny Bible authority for the Sunday-school. 

Another deduction from the Word of God as authority for the Sun- 
day-school, is found in the seal of approbation which God has placed 
upon its work. If the Bible does not authorize the Sunday-school, 
would God give it His sanction ? The proof that He has done this is 
overwhelming. Let us see: 

First, the Sunday-schools of modern times, as well as those of the 
eai'ly ages of the church, originated with the most godly and devoted 
followers of Christ. They were Christian women and men of the 
brightest type — the most pious and the most active — and their other 
works, as well as this, attest the fact that they were amongst the most 
wise. Were they mistaken in supposing that they had Bible authority 
for the Sunday-school ? Some of these were the Apostles themselves, 
and men and women who sealed with their life's blood their devotion 
to God's cause. Were they so ignorant as not to know what was in 
harmony with the religion of Christ, or so wicked as to wilfully project 
upon the world an age-long desecration of the holy Sabbath ? Rather, 
is it not reasonable to suppose that they were moved by God to this very 
work ? And did He not set His seal of approbation upon that work by 
giving them such wonderful success ? It is not philosophical, and it is 
certainly not Scriptural, to assume that those who live nearest to God 
are the least capable of understanding and promoting His cause. But 
this is just what is assumed by those who take the ground that the 

46 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

Sunday-school is without Bible authority: for, in originating the Sunday- 
school, if it has no such authority, these godly men and women have 
projected upon the world the mcs: stupendous unscriptural institution 
of all the ages! Can this be true? Is it reasonable? Then, if it is, 
we have no guide whatever in the interpretation of God's moral gqv- 
ernment. Let it be noted that this argument is two-fold: first, the 
sanction of the Apostles: and secondly, the blessing of God upon the 
work as Bible authority for the Sunday-school. 

But we may legitimately push this argument much further. The 
Sunday-school has b^en instrumental in the conversion of hundreds of 
thousands of children and youth. It has been a feeder to the church. 
The church membership has been replenished continually from this 
Sunday-school army, and they have made soldiers of the first order in 
the militant host. Their Sunday school training prepared them for a 
more ready, as well as a moie intelligent, reception of the preached 
gospel. Surely, if this work has the approbation of God in the way 
here indicated, those persons have made a fearful mistake who denounce 
the Sunday-school as without Bible authority. Their failure to discover 
Bible authority is like that of a man who should utterly refuse to walk 
because he could not find one individual lamp to guide him. while the 
mid-day sun poured its splendors all about him! But still further. The 
Sunday-school has not only contributed to swell the numbers of the 
be.>t elements of the church's membership, but it has also been, what we 
might term, a primary theological school for many ministers of the 
gospel, who have even occupied foremost rank amongst the ambassa- 
dors for Christ. The Rev. Dr. Todd, an eminent Baptist minister of 
New York (now deceased), is authority for the statement that of all the 
ministers of evangelical churches, ninety-eight in every one hundred 
had Sunday-school training. Taking this single fact alone, and we have 
the strongest possible argument both for the Scriptural authority for 
the Sunday-schrol and the blessing of God upon its work. 

How is it possible, then, for us to reach any other conclusion than 
this — that a work so wise in adaptation of means to an end. so forceful 
in strengthening the church of God, so plainly in accordance with 
the Divine command to teach the children and '• bring them up in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord," cannot be lacking in Bible 
authority for its creation, its life and its perpetuity! And if all this be 
true, and more, as it undoubtedly is, does it not bring home to parents, 
with renewed and tremendous emphasis, the obligation resting upon 
them by Divine authority to co-operate in the great Sunday-school 
work ? 

Now, let me say in c oncluding this paper (for I am only allowed thirty 
minutes), that we must see to it that the Sunday-school is kept to its 
legitimate work, viz. : teaching the children the doctrines of our holy 
religion, because it is only for this that we claim Bible authority. The 

Sunday-School Convention. 47 

school is the institution of the church. It is the outgrowth of — not an 
addition to — the church of God. It is the church in the school and the 
school in the church. " See that you rnake everything according to the 
pattern shown you in the Mount," was the substance of God's command 
to Moses. The church, ordained by God, must ever be the custodian of 
the Divine oracles; and committing these to the Sunday-school, she 
must guard them with a jealous eye. lest they become diluted by a 
spurious system of hermeneutics. and their doctrinal integrity damaged 
by incompetent and irresponsible expounders. 

This Bible authority for the Sunday-school comes home to the church 
in this day with a double emphasis. Infidelity has never before made 
the effort it is now making for the overthrow of the Christian religion. 
From the old world and the new, there comes the constant augmenta- 
tion of the forces of evil; and there never has been a day when the 
doctrinal integrity of our holy religion needed a more vigilant, hearty, 
and constant support than now. It is a day of upheaval, of restless- 
ness, of free-thought and rationalism; a day of breaking of bonds and 
casting off of cords; a day of demand for relaxation of creeds and laws, 
and for lowering of standards of religion, so that spirituality may be 
made pleasant to ungodliness. And in the midst of such threatening 
moral stress there is danger of well-meaning men offering a compromise 
to infidelity. But the religion of Jesus can never be harmonized with 
worldliness. " Ye cannot serve God and mammon." All effort to make 
religion pleasant to lovers of sin is bound to be a failure, and perhaps 
worse. It is as dangerous, under the guise of religion, to try to save 
young men from being gamblers by offering them dominoes, as it is to try 
to save them from being drunkards by offering them a morning toddy! 
Sin must be crucified, and that's the end of it! The church must not 
try to get on more rapidly by swapping vehicles with Satan; for this 
would only be to remove the foundations, and then what could the 
righteous do? 

Now, there can be no reasonable doubt that the Bible authority for 
the Sunday-school, in this age, and the special work of the school, are 
pushed to the front by the wisdom of Divine Providence. I doubt 
whether there is any other single instrument in God's hand to-day, 
besides the preaching of the gospel, so potent for defensive and offensive 
war as the Sunday- school. It is the conservatory of the church's doc- 
trine, and the break-water to the floods that threaten her foundations 
of truth. What a magnificent army is thus presented by the church of 
God in her Sunday-schools, in solid array against the strongholds of sin 
and the forces of infidelity! The latest statistics show that there are in 
the world 17,716 212 Sunday-school scholars. Nearly one-half of these 
are in the United States! Let us pause and think of it. There are 
8,345.431 Sunday-school scholars in the United States! This is just 
what we ought to expect of Providence; for upon these shores, doubt- 

48 Minutes of the Nixth Annual 


less, is to be fought out to a glorious triumph, that great battle of right- 
eousness against sin, of the gospel against infidelity, until the reign of 
Jesus shall be supreme, and the kingdom of earth become the kingdom 
of our Lord and His Christ. 

I congratulate this State Convention upon its success so far. Its work 
is not an independentism. but a revival inside the church of th>s impor- 
tant branch of the service. Let us lvmember that the subject-matter 
of Sunday-school teaching is enjoined by the Bible, and its right to live 
is warranted by the immortality of its good works. Of all scholastic 
systems, the Sunday-School is eminent for being the school of one book. 
The Bible furnishes its whole curriculum. It concentrates all its powers 
upon that Law of the Lord, which is at once the life of the church — 
the basis of human government — the happiness and security of the 
family heme — the guide of youth — the support of age — and the only 
hope and haven of the soul. In view of all this. then, how jo \ fully is 
the sentiment of the poet accepted: 

"Should all the forms which men 
Assault ii y faith with treacherous art, 
I'd nail them vanity Hiid lies 
And bii d the r.ible to my heait." 

The special interest of the hour centered in the address of 
that remarkable Sunday-school worker, Mr. Win Reynolds. 
The title of his address was "Steps Forward." It was a lay- 
sermon of great power, and coming from a successful busi- 
ness man. addressed to business men, was clothed with a 
moral force that is rarely equalled. 

He was followed by Mr. Gee. \V. Watts, Chairman of the 
Executive Committee, outlining what that committee pro- 
posed doing during the year, looking to larger work arid 
more effective organization. 

After which, the following report of Committee on Resolu- 
tions was adopted : 

Resolved, 1. That this Convention thoroughly appreciates the earnest, 
intelligent, consecrated labor and wisely directed efforts of William 
Reynolds, President of the Inter.' ational Sunday-school Association, 
whose presence with us has proved indeed a blessing. 

Resolved. 2. That we desire our brother's encouragement in this grand 
field of work, and wish to assure him that, as he goes forth on his mis- 
sion of good, he will ever have our best wishes, our hearty sympathy, 
and our earnest prayer. (Numbers vi: 24-26.) 

Sunday-School Convention. 49 


Resolved, 3. That the Secretary be directed to furnish Mr. Reynolds 
with a copy of these resolutions, and that a copy be spread upon the 
Minutes of the Convention. 

Resolved, That the sincere and hearty thanks of this Convention be 

1. To the citizens of Wilmington, f » r hospitality, entertainment and 
the many acts of kindness shown this body, both collectively and indi- 

2. To the Reception Committee, for its interested, earnest, zealous and 
successful labors in our behalf. 

3. To the First Presbyterian Church, for furnishing such a delightful 
and convenient meeting-place. 

4. To the organist and choir, for valuable assistance in music. 

5. To the press of the State, and particularly to the press of Wilming- 
ton, for compliment .ry notices and encouraging words. 

6. To the railroad companies, which kindly gave reduced rates to the 
delegates in attendance. 

On motion, the thanks of the Convention were tendered 
Mr. R B. Reppard and Professor J. W. Beardslee for their 

Mr. Reynolds, in bidding farewell to the Convention, pro- 
pounded the question, " What are you going to do?" Many 
responses were made .by the delegates indicative of good 
resolutions for work during the year. 

The closing hymn, " God be with you till we meet again," 
was then sung; after which the benediction was pronounced 
by Rev. E. A. Yates, D. D., and the Convention declared 
adjourned, to meet in Fayetteville upon the call of the 
Executive Committee. 

50 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 


Ansonville — J. C. Brown. 

Berea — Z. W. Lyon. 

Burgaw — J. H. Moore. 

Bladenborough — J. A. Singletery. 

Bums' Level — A. L. Byrd. 

Cally — A. J. Bordeau. 

Chapel Hill— J. W. Gore. 

Charlotte — E. M. Andrews, R. A. Grier, S. W. Reid, Miss Bessie 
Wriston, Miss Leueila Liddell. 

Clarkton — Rev. A. McFadyen. 

Durham— H. N. Snow, V. Ballard, Rev. E. A. Yates, Geo. W. Watts. 

Etkin—G. T. Roth. H. G. Chatham. 

Enoehville — Rev. W. A. Lutz. 

Faison — Rev. P. Mclntyre. 

Fayetteville—G. P. McNeill, A. Simons. 

Godioin's — W. J. Smith. 

Greensboro— S. A. Kerr, Miss Lizzie Wharton, Miss Meta Beall, E. L. 

Greenville— D. J. Whichard, Rev. G. A. Oglesby, Rev. R. B. John. 

Hertford— S F. Blair. 

Kelly— C. B. Pridgen. 

Keuausville — W. P. Dobson. 

Liberty — J. M. Weatherly. 

Lillivgton — J. T. Rogers, Miss Mattie Rogers, Miss Emma Kivett. 

Laurinburg — Rev. A. N. Ferguson. 

May a olid — Rev. C. Shaw. 

Magruder — Rev. K. McDonald. 

Ma.i-ton— W. K. Harker. E. S. Lathrop. 

Mount Airy — B. F. Graves. 

Mount Gilead — W. S. Ingram. 

Ophir— W. G. Davis. 

Pittshoro—X. H. Merritt. 

Plymouth — Rev. C. W. Robinson. 

Raleigh— N. B. Brougbton, Rev. J. J. Hall. S. M. Parish, Rev. J. A. 
Speight, Miss Effie Broughton. A. M. McPheeters, W. H. Worth. 

Red Spring — Rev. J. M. Clark, 

Rockingham — H. C. Wall. 

Rocky Point — J. E. Durham. 

Scott's Hill— Mrs. J. T. Foy. 

Shelby— J. S. Martin, W. H. Miller. 

Sunday-School Convention. 51 

Troy—W. H. McNeill. 
Wadesboro — W. L. Parson. 
Washington — Rev. W. R. Ware. 
Whiteville—J. F. Harrell, H. C. Moffitt. 

Wilmington — DuBentz Cutlar, S. G. Hall, J. W. King, Samuel 
Northrop, W. H. Strauss. 

Winston — W. A. Blair, J. W. Hanner, Rev. J. W. McCurry. 


Charlotte — J. A. Durham, T. S. Franklin. 

Peoria, Illinois — William Reynolds. 

Columbus. Georgia — R. B. Reppard. 

Wilmington— Mrs. S. D. Swindell, Mrs. W. E. Perdew, Mrs. M. A. 
Rush, Mrs. W. M. Parker, Miss M. M. Walsh, Rev. F. W. E. Peschau, 
Mrs. W. M. Hawkins, Mrs. Oscar Fillyan, Miss Lucy Grunsell, Rev. J. 
W. Primrose, H. B. Anderson, J. R. Marshall, E. Hewlett, Rev. F. D. 
Swindell. Rev. W. S. Creasy, W. H. Sprunt, J. M. Forshee, W. M. 
Cumming, Mrs. B. F. Hall, Mrs. E. D. Bellamy, Mrs. F. A. Muse, Miss 
M. Seeden, J. B. Smith, Miss Jennie Turlington, Miss Mary Elder, Mrs. 
C. C. Webb, Mrs. Jennie Allen, Miss Annie Sprunt, John Haar, Jr., 
Mrs. W. F. Williams, W. M. Miller, Geo. Chadbourn, J. W. King. 

52 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 


County. Where and When Held. Secretary and His Address. 

Alamance .. ...Hawfields, May 25, 1889. ..J. M. Turner, Graham. 

Alexander Taylorsville, July 9, 1889 .-A. C. Mcintosh, Taylorsville. 

Alleghany Sparta Rev. T. M. Hunicut, Sparta. 

Anson Wadesboro. Feb. 15. 1890. .Dr. J. C. Brown, Anson ville. 

Ashe Jefferson . . ... J. W. Gardiner, Jefferson. 

Beaufort Washington, Feb. 18, 1890.. W. Z. Morton, Jr., Wash'g'n. 

Bladen Elizabethtown, Feb. 3, '90.. W. J. McKay, Elizabethto'n. 

Burke Morgan ton . T. G. Cobb, Morganton. 

Cabarrus Concord, Sept. 6. 1889 J. A. Cline, Concord. 

Caldwell Lenoir, July 12 1889 Prof. E. F. Wakefield, Lenoir. 

Caswell Yanceyville, Nov. 2, 1889. H. F. Brandon, Yancey ville. 

Catawba Newton, Feb. 28, 1889 . . . W. S. Ramsaur, Newton. 

Chatham Pittsboro, May 14. 1889 A. H. Merritt, Pittsboro. 

Cleveland Shelby, August 16, 1889 ...W. H. Miller, Shelby. 

Columbus Whiteville Dr. M. N. Culbreth,Whitev'le 

Cumberland ...Fayetteville, Feb. 18, 1890 C. H. Graham, Fayetteville. 

Davidson Lexington, Feb. 13, 1890. _.R. T. Pickens, Lexington. 

Davie Mocksville, Feb. 22, 1S90 ..Frank Brown, Mocksville. 

Duplin Kenansville, March 7, '90 .A. D. Ward, Kenansville. 

Durham Durham. Feb. 7. 1890 H. N. Snow, Durham. 

Forsyth Winston, Feb. 15, 1890 E. E. Gray, Winston. 

I ion Gastonia, Aug. 15, 1889... L. L. Jenkins, Gastonia. 

Granville Oxford, October 5, 1889 . Dr. J. E. Wyche, Oxford. 

Guilford Greensboro, Feb 22, 1889 W. F. Alderman, Greensboro 

Harnett Dunn, Bx. 13, 1889 J. A. Green, Lillington. 

Henderson . .. Henderson ville, Feb. 23, '90. T. J. Rickman,Henderson'le 

Iredell Statesville, Feb. 20, 1890.. .A. M.Wiiherspoon, States'lle*' 

Lenoir Kinston. Feb. 20, 1890 S. W. Herbert, Kinston. 

Lincoln Lincolnton, Feb. 22. 1889 ..D. M. Thompson, Lincolnton. 

Macon Franklin, Feb. 15,1890 ...Sam. L. Rogers, Franklin. 

Mecklenburg ..Sugar Cr. Ch., Aug. 3, '89.. C. P. Wheeler, Charlotte. 

Montgomery ..Troy, August, 18S9 W. R. Harris, Troy. 

Moore Carthage, Jan. 7, 1890 Jas. W. Fagan, Carthage. 

New Hanover... Wilmington. Feb. 13, 1890.W. C. Peterson, Wilmington. 

Orange. Hillsboro, Feb. 22. 1889 Jos. A. Harris, Hillsboro. 

Pender Burga w, Feb. 22, 1890 J. T. Bland, Burgaw. 

Person Roxboro. Feb. 19. 1890. .. R E. Couch, Roxboro. 

Pitt Greenville, Feb. 19, 1890... Rev. R. B. John, Greenville. 

Richmond Rockingham, April 18, '89 R. A. Johnson, Rockingham. 

Sunday- School Convention. 53 

County. When and Where Held. Secretary and His Address. 

Robeson Lurnberton, Jan. 14, 1890. .J. A. Mallory, Lunib'r Bridge 

Rowan Salisbury, Aug. 29, 1889. ..J. R. Wichard, Salisbury. 

Stanly Albemarle, Feb. 15, 1890- --S. H. Hearne, Albemarle. 

Surry Mt. Airy, Nov., 1889 Jno. R. Woltz, Dobson. 

Union -Monroe, Oct. 18, 1889 M. A. Underwood, Monroe. 

Wake - Raleigh, Feb. 22, 1890 Prof. C. E. Brewer ,W. Forest 

Warren Warrenton, Feb. 22. 1890..T. B. Watson, Ridgeway. 

Watauga Boone, , 1889 E. S. Blackburn, Boone. 

Wayne .Goldsboro, Feb. 19. 1890.. .T. C. Diggs, Goldsboro. 

Wilkes Wilkesboro, Aug. 15, '89 . . L. A. Abernethy,Wilkesboro. 


1. Have your programmes printed a full month before the date of 
your meeting. 

2. Put no person's name on as a speaker, unless he first agrees to fill 
the place. 

3. Have it understood that the speaker who opens each topic is to 
occupy but fifteen minutes, to be followed by an open discussion of the 
topic. (This does not refer to evening addresses or Normal Lessons.) 

4. Have plenty of programmes printed. Mail five programmes direct 
to each Superintendent in the county; ask him to have three or more 
delegates elected to the County Convention, two weeks before the time 
of meeting, and give each delegate a programme. The Superintendent 
and Primary Class teacher should always be among the delegates. 

5. Send each Township President enough additional programmes to 
supply each Superintendent and pastor of his township, and to provide 
against loss by mail of those sent to superintendents. 

6. Notify each township officer that he will be expected to report in 
person as to the condition of his work, and call bis attention to the 
particular session of the Convention at which he is expected to report. 
Also notify him of schools wbich he should specially visit before the 

7. In the town or city where Convention is to be held, the Superin- 
tendent of each school should have enough programmes to give one to 
every officer, teacher and scholar in his school. 

8. If a "Children's Meeting*' isto be held during the Convention, it 
should be specially announced in each school in the town for three suc- 
cessive Sundavs before the Convention. 

54 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

9. Before the programme? are printed, the pastors and Sunday-school 
workers of the town where the Convention is to he held, should be 
called to meet with the County Executive Committee to arrange for 
the entertainment of delegates, provide for the music, make sugges- 
tions as to programme, and see that everything is done to prepare the 
way for the success of the Convention. 

10. Request each newspaper in your county to notice the Convention 
for three weeks, and to print the programme in full one week before 
the Convention. They will rarely refuse to do it. 

11. See that a Convention is held in each township within the three 
months previous to your county meeting. At least one member of your 
County Executive Committee should attend every township meeting — 
two is much better. 

12. Request each school in the county to send a contribution, equal to 
two cents for each member of the school, to the County Treasurer for 
State and County Sunday-school work. A clear statement of the object 
and needs of our woi'k should be sent with this request. If the schools 
are properly visited, and the township work conscientiously done, they 
will generally respond to this call. The money should reach the County 
Treasurer before the time for him to make his annual report. 

13. Leave nothing undone to secure a fresh and full report from every 
school in your county before your annual Convention. Request espe- 
cially that the additions to the church and amount of missionary con- 
tributions be reported by each school. This will add much to the 
interest of your meeting. 

14. Pray and work for a rich spiritual blessing upon your Sunday- 
school workers at your Convention, and expect it. God is not slow to 
answer such prayers. He loves to give, and loves to have us ask for 
great things. 

Sunday-School Convention. 


1. To visit each Sunday-school in your township, at least once each 
year; if possible once each quarter. Get acquainted with the superin- 
tendent and learn his plans of work. If he is discouraged, help him 
"with kind words; pray with him for his school: tell him how to over- 
come his difficulties, or invite him to visit some other school, with you, 
where such difficulties have been overcome. Especially invite him to 
attend your Township Sunday-school Convention, and the County Con- 
vention also. 

2. See that a Sunday-school Convention is held in your township at 
least once each year; if possible, each quarter. Co-operate with the 
officers of the County Sunday-school Association and secure the attend- 
ance of one or more of them at your township meeting. Arrange a 
programme that will suit the needs of your schools See that each 
superintendent has enough programmes to supply every officer, teacher 
and scholar in his school. This should be done at least two weeks before 
your township meeting. The cost of programmes is nothing compared 
with the advantage of having your Convention well advertised. If 
possible, visit each school at this time and personally invite all to attend 
your Convention. 

3. At your Convention, call for a report from each superintendent as 
to the encouragements and difficulties in his work, and have some bright, 
earnest Christian tell how to meet these difficulties. If more schools 
are needed in the township, try to get some one to organize them the 
next Sunday; and ask all in that neighborhood to attend and stand by 
the school. Arrange to have the whole township visited from house to 
house, and every man, woman and child invited to attend Sunday-school 
and church. 

4. Assist your County Secretary in getting reports from the schools 
of your township. This should be done about a month before the 
annual County Convention, so that you can present a full report of 
your work and the condition of your schools at that meeting. 

5. Go to the Cotmty Convention and make your report in person. 
Don't fail to do this — it is of the utmost importance. Thus you will 
encourage your county officers and interest all in your work. Have at 
least three delegates to the county meeting appointed from each school 
in your township. 

6. Do all your icork as in the sight of Cod, and so as to meet His 
approval. Pray much about it alone, and with others. Seek to win 
every soul in your township for the kingdom of God. 

56 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

[Form of Constitution for a County Association.] 




Article 1. This Association shall be called the County 

Sunday-school Association. 

Art. 2. Any minister of the gospel, superintendent or officer, teacher 
or adult member of any Sunday-school in this county is a member of 
this Association, and being present at its meetings is entitled to take 
part in the same. 

Art. 3. The object of the Association shall be the promotion of the 
interests of the Sunday-schools in this county and the encouragement 
of their organization and maintenance by such means as shall best 
arouse the public to a sense of their value and importance. 

Art. 4. The officers of tins Association shall consist of a president, a 
vice-president representing each township or preen ct in ihe county, a 
permanent secretary, an assistant secretary, a treasurer and an execu- 
tive committee of five members, including the president and permanent 
-i en tary, who .-hall be ex officio members. 

Art. 5. Each township or precinct at its annual convention shall 
choose its <a\ n president, who. when so reported to the county secretary 
and ■ nrolled by him, shall be a vice-president of the county association. 
When any township or pre ind shall fail to choose its president the 
county executive committee shall appoint one to fill that office in such 
township or precinct, and he shall in like manner he enrolled by the 
permanent secretary. 

Art. 0. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at the meetings 
of the \ isociation, and incase of his absence the oldest vice president ■ 
present shall take the chair. 

Apt. T. The permanent secretary shall keep a record of the proceed- 
ings of each meeting together with a list of the Sunday-schools in the 
county, the name and post-office address of the superintendent, the 
number of teachers, scholars, etc.. and make a report at each annual 

Apt. 8. The assistant secretary shall write out the minutes of each 
meeting, and render the permanent secretary such assistance as may be 

Art. 9. The treasurer shall keep a faithful account of all money col- 
lected and disbursed for the benefit of the Association, and report at 
each annual meeting. 

Sunday-School Convention. 57 

Art. 10. The vice-president shall have the general supervision of 
Sunday-school interests in their respective townships or precincts, col- 
lect statistics and report to permanent secretary on or before the first 
day of the month preceding the annual County Convention in each 
year: collect the funds from the respective schools and report the same 
to the treasurer before the annual meeting in each year. Each should 
visit semi-annually all the schools in his territory. He should encour- 
age schools already established, and organize schools in localities where 
needed; he should, as far as possible, awaken an interest in better ways 
of working: he should direct the minds of all to the necessity of the 
conversion of the pupils; he should urge the importance of teachers' 
meetings; he should inquire carefully how well the neighborhood has 
been canvassed for pupils; he should press the possibility and advantage 
of sustaining the schools throughout the year. 

Art. 11. The executive committee shall arrange a programme for the 
annual meet ing of the Association and invite such persons i rom abroad as 
may add to the interest of the convention. They shall, previous to the 
meeting of the convention, appoint a local committee in the place where 
the convention is to meet, to provide and arrange all things necessary 
for the coming session of the Association. The executive committee shall 
advance the work in the county by all possible means during the entire 
year. They shall fill all vacancies of office caused by death or removal; 
they shall suspend any officer failing to do his duty and appoint an effi- 
cient worker. They shall also appoint vice-presidents in any township 
or precinct, which fails to choose them, as provided in article 5. 

Art. 12. All the officers of this Association shall be elected annually, 
excepting th^ peimanent secretary, who shall serve while his services 
are acceptable to the Association, or until he himself resigns. 

Art. 13. At each meeting of the convention two committees will be 
appointed. First — To nominate a president, treasurer, assistant secre- 
tary and executive committee. Second — A committee on resolutions, 
whose duty it shall be to prepare a paper expressive of the sense of the 
convention on all subjects discussed by them. 

Art. 14. This Association shall uuet in annual two days' convention 
at such time and place as shall be chosen by the convention or the 
executive committee. 

Art. 15. This Association is auxiliary to the North Carolina State 
Sunday-school Association, and shall, by the permanent secretary, make 
an annual report thereto, and be represented by delegates in the con- 
vention of the State Association. 

Art. 16. This constitution may altered or amended by a vote of two- 
thirds of the delegates present at any annual meeting. 

58 Minutes of the Ninth Annual 

[Form of Constitution for a Township Association.] 




Article 1. To promote the Sunday- school cause in town- 
ship, we hereby organize ourselves into an Association to be known as 

the Sunday-school Association, auxiliary to the 

County Sunday-school Association. 

Art. 2. Officers and teachers of Sunday-schools, pastors and minis- 
ters, and all interested in Sunday-school work in this township, shall be 
regarded as members of the Association. 

Art. 3. The officers of th^ Association -hall consist of a president, 
vice-president and a secretary and treasurer, who shall be chosen 

Art. 4. It shall be the duty of the officers to take special interest in 
the Sunday school cause in the township, visiting the schools from time 
to time, organizing new schools where there is a demand for them, and 
doing what they can to keep the schools up with strength and interest 
tjbrough the entire year. 

Art. 5. The secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of the 
meetings of the Association, and shall also keep a record of the statistics 
of each school in the township, in accordance with the blank form 
adopted by the International Sunday-school Convention, and shall 
report a Bum mar y of the same to the Secretary of the County Associa- 
tion at lea.-t two weeks previous to the annual meeting of the County 

Art. 6. The Association shall meet in convention annually or semi- 
annually or quarterly. 

Art. 7, This constitution may be amended by a majority vote at any 
annual meeting. 


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The museums and laboratories, of which there are five, are thoroughly 
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Tuition, $60 per annum. Board, $8 to $ 1 3 per month. 

The School of Law, in charge of Hon. John Manning, offers every 
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The School of Medicine will open September, 1S90, in charge of Dr. 
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Students of Law and Medicine have an opportunity to pursue also such 
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Besides the regular courses of study, the University offers special 
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Sunday - Scho ol 
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And anything else in the music line, at lowest prices ever 
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Manufacturers • of ••• Organs, 


We make a specialty of Organs for Churches and Chapels and Lodges, 
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See what one of the most prominent musicians says in regard to the 
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New England Conservatory of Music, ] 

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We wish to call the attention of those interested in 


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The Class and School Banners are well known to all : but the use of 

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to class each month, according to their records, , 
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We will be pleased to submit sketch suggestions and 
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Illustrated catalogue, 5 colored plates, forwarded upon receipt of 10c. in stamps. 

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Kindly send Posisil for Samples, « ircst- 
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each Scholar and Teacher to Regular and 
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Missionary Leaflet No. i. — A Mute Ap- 
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with diagram exhibiting Ihe Actual and 

W. B. JACOBS, Publish 

Relative Numbers of Mankind classified 
according to their religion. 30 cents per 
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in six colors (28 by 42 inches), sent post- 
paid for 60 cents. 

Missionary Leaflet No. 2. — Trifling 
With a Great Trust, with diagram il- 
lustrating the Annual Expenditures in the 
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diagram (28 by 42 inches), sent post-paid 
for 60 cents. 

Missionary Leaflet No. 3.— A Compara- 
tive View of Christian Work in the 
Home and Foreign Fields, with dia- 
grams, 30 cents per 100. 

Missionary Leaflet No. 4. — Facts on- 
Foreign Missions. 20 cents per dozen; 
Si. 00 per 100. 

Sunday-school Leaflet No. 1.— The 
Church at Sunday-School. 30 cents per 

Sunday-school Leaflet No. 2.— Home 
Sunday-School Classes. 25 cents per 100. 

Sunday-school Leaflet No. 3. — The Home 
and Sunday-School. 30 cents per 100. 

The Improved Class-Book, or Sunday- 
school Teacher's Record. Arranged for 
keeping an accurate record of the Attend- 
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ers and Scholars. Prepared by W. B. 
Jacobs. Price 50 cents per dozen; 5 cents 

The Model Sunday-School Record, 
for Sunday-school Secretaries and Treas- 
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cloth, 75 cents. 

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the: mistake he made. 

Raleigh, N. C, March 6, 1090. 
Editor Daily State Chronicle. 

Dear Sir: — We clip the following from your issue of this date: 

" Mr. Geo. Barrett, who was buried in this city yesterday, had been a member of 
"the Knights of Honor since its organization until last November, when he failed to 
" meet his assessment, and became dismembered. If he had kept up his dues his 
" children would have received 52,000 at his death." 

The Knights of Honor were organized here in 1877, therefore, we will suppose, Mr. 
Barrett had paid about 12 years Had he been insured for $2,000 in " The Old /Etna," 
supposing his age to have been 40 years, his premiums in 12 years at $24 37 per thou- 
sand would have cost him $584.88 and he would have secured to his family $2,000, or had 
his policy have lapsed last fall he would have secured a "paid-up" policy for his family 
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By J. Glentworth Butler. D. D. Vol. I. — New Testament. 8vo, 

cloth, 6S5 double-column pages. Illustrated with 50 steel and wood 

engravings of Maps, Charts, Scenes in Bible Lands, etc. #4.00. 

Carriage free. 

The Sunday-School Times says : "An admirable digest of commentaries, and yet 
more than a digest, is the first volume ot Dr. J Glentworth Butler's Bible Reader's 
Commentary on the New Testament. It covers the four Gospels, under the title of 
The Fourfold Gospel. It is a consolidation of the four narratives into one. Its anno- 
tations are selections from the thinkers of the ages, and it is supplied with maps and 
pictorial illustrations." 

J. A. H'orden, D. D.. Presbyterian Sunday-School Svperiniendent, says: "No safer, 
more suggestive or inspiring commentary has ever appeared. I recommend it to all 
Sunday-bchool workers and students." 



By Heinrich A. \V. Meyer. Edited by M. D. Riddle, D. D. Large 
Svo, cloth, pp. 593. $3.00. Post free. 

The Sunday-School Times says: 'Best of all in critical thoroughness is the Com- 
mentary of Meyer." 

Talbot W. Chambers. D. D.. says : " Meyer is the prince of exegetes." 

Thos. Armitage. D. D., says : " Meyer is of immense value." 


Edited by John Hall, D. D. Svo, cloth, pp. 5S5. $3.00. Post free 

The Sunday-School Times says: " Probably the very best for thoughtful Bible students 
is Godet's Commentary on Luke. It is devout, brilliant and eminently readable, 
. . . rich and suggestive as an exegete." 



By Prof. B. Weiss, Ph. D. of the University of Berlin. 2 vols., i2mo, 
cloth, pp. 420 each. Per vol., $2.00. Post free. 

The Sunday-School Times says : "Among introductory helps for advanced students 
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Talbot IV. Chambers, J). /J., says: " It shows aeuteness and learning, and represents 
fairly the critical scholarship of to-day." 

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For more than forty years we have been engaged in the Sunday-school supply 
business. We can safely "say that our stock has never been as complete as it is to-day. 
The retail prices of books are very low, and yet our DISCOUNTS are better than ever. 


Of desirable Sunday-school Books. The prices are so arranged that you can tell at 
once the retail and net price of any book advertised. Our discounts range from 

25 TO 50 PER CENT. 

We have supplied thousands of libraries and never had a book returned or spoken 
of as unfit for a Sunday-school Library. We take great pains in selecting. We will 
send a lot of books for examination, those you do not want to be returned to us at our 
expense. If you are about to purchase a Library, see our Catalogue before buying; it 
will help you. 




38 West Twenty-third Street, 


Messrs. RANDOLPH & CO. invite attention to their facilities for the execution of 
orders bv mail, or otherwise, for books in the various DEPARTMENTS OF STAN- 
DARD Literature. 

They also make a specialty of RELIGIOUS AND DEVOTIONAL BOOKS. Selec- 
tions, to meet any special want, will be carefully made when desired. 

They also make a specialty of BOOKS FOR SUNDAY-SCHOOL LIBRARIES, 
selecting not simply from their own Catalogue, but from all unexceptionable sources, 
and believe that their knowledge and experience ma}' be of value to all who entrust 
their orders to them. 


A Descriptive Catalogue of their own publications, together with the catalogue of 
any other publisher, will be forwarded when requested. 


38 West Twenty-third Street, NEW YORK. 












Manufactured from native North Carolina gold. Orders by mail 
promptly attended to and solicited. Very truly, 






• • • ORGANS. 


An Orchestra in your own 
house. Plays either by Key- 
board, or Automatically, any 
music ever written. 

Parlor, Ct\Urc.I\^Ftell 0rgai\5- 



f WEBST£fi$^fA 






For the Family, the School, the Professional or Private Library. 

Mas "been for years Stand- 
ard Authority in the Gov't 
Printing Office and the U. S. 
Supreme Court. 

It is highly recommended 
by 38 State Sup'ts of Schools 
and the leading. College 
Presidents of the U. S. and 

Nearly all of the School 
Boohs published in this 
country are based upon 
Webster, as attested by the 
leading School Book Puto- 

It has 3000 more Words 
and nearly 2000 more En- 
gravings than any other 
American Dictionary. 

Besides many other valuable features, this work contains 

A Dictionary of the English Language 

with 118,000 Words and 3000 Engravings, 

A Dictionary of Biography 

giving facts about nearly 10,000 Noted Persons, 

A Dictionary of Geography 

locating and briefly describing 25,000 Places, 

A Dictionary of Fiction 

found only in Webster'sJJnabridged, 

All in One 

Webster excels in SYNONYMS, which are appropriately 
found in the bodv "f th« work. 


fl'ustrated Pamphlet of Specimen Pages, Testimonials, &c, will be sent prepaid upon application. 
Published by G. & C. MEKKIAM & CO., Springfield, Mass. 











Hence Dealers and Consumers always pro- 
nounce it THE BEST. 

Situated in the Immediate section of country that produces a grade of Tobacco that in texture, 
flavor and quality Is not grown elsewhere in the world, the popularity of these goods is only limit- 
ed by the quantity produced. We are in position to command the choice of all H r p w D C CT 
Offerings upon this market, and spare no pains or expense to give the trade the 



Sacred and secular songs, and all other kinds of music, are in our thousands of books 

and millions of sheet-music pieces. 

YOUNG PLAYERS' (Paper Si; Boards Si. 25.) New, bright and easy. 143 Piano 


WHITNEY'S (Boards $2; Cloth $2.50.) By S. B. Whitney. 33 fine Organ pieces 
ORGAN ALBUM *° r Manua l ar >d Pedal, by 20 distinguished composers. 

A helpful, useful friend to pupil and teacher is 
MASONS'S PIANO- (S 2 5°-) By Wm. Mason and W. S. B. Matthews. This admira- 
FORTE TFPHNIP^ ble svs t em °f scales, arpeggios and all other needed technical 

j tunwiw. exercises, with good directions, holds a high place in the es- 

teem of thorough teachers, and should be everywhere used. Our thoroughly good, 
genial and practical School Music Books are widely known and used. Do YOU use 
them ? 

SONG Book 1, Primary (30 cts., $3 doz.); Book 2, Medium (\o cts., $4.20 doz.); Book 
MANUAL 3 ' Hi £ her Classes (50 cts., $4.80 doz.) by L. O. Emerson, is his last and 
' best book, and a rare good book for schools. 

MOTION (25 cts., $2. 28 doz.) by Mrs. Boardman, is a delight to teachers and chil- 
SONGS^ dren. &5~Auy book mailed promptly for retail pr ce. 

OLIYER DITSON COMPANY, Boston. | c - "-^SKS, *««&. 



Printers, Binders, Stationers, 





Leading publishers of Sunday-school Music, &c, heartily 
Commend their New Book, 

To Sunday-schools desiring the best songs now offered. Sent for examination on receipt 
°f .15 cents. Money refunded if the book proves unsatisfactory, and returned 
within one month. 



76 B. Ninth St.. New York, and 81 Randolph St., Chicago. 

i m- 




The well-known Commentary on the Sunday-School Lessons. 

Explanatory, Illustrative, Doctrinal, Practical, Suggestive. With Illustrations, Charts, 
Library References,- Suggestions to Teachers, and Two Finely Colored Maps. Price, $1.25: 
Interleaved Edition, 52.00; French Morocco, Limp, Round Corners, Gilt, 52.00. (A verj 
appropriate Christmas or New Year's Gift.) 

By Rev. Dr. F. N. and M. A. PELOUBET. 


Teacher's Class-Book and Collection Envelope, together, J1.00 per dozen; sepa- 
rately, each, 50 cents per dozen. Complete Sunday-School Record Book. For use of 
Superintendents, Secretaries, or Treasurers. Price. 50 classes, $1.00; 60 classes, $1.50. 
Sunday-School Library Register. Arranged for 50 classes, $1.00 Library Cards, 
75 cents per 100. Quarterly - Class Cards, printed on stiff card-board, $2.oo"per 100. 
Mailed on receipt of price. 


For the whole year. Three Grades. Price 15 cents each. 



well-known series: 
The Sunday-School f 
The Intermediate < 
The Children's Qui 
The Little One's Q ~ 
Sunday-School am 

Schauffler, 1> 
Children's Teache 
Lesson Leaves. 
Child's Bible Cate 
Songs, Old and X 
Golden Text and 


An illustrated 
bright pictures 
girls in the Sun 
cents a year. 1 
each, 70 cents a 
each, 60 cents. 

r i-ACHERS. It needs but a trial to prove the value of this 


W. A. WIL! 


•p. Rev. F. N. Peloubet, D. D. 

Dat ;-. F. N. Peloubet, D. D. . 

C Kennedy. 

"'"" Capron 

s Edition. By Rev. A. F. 


20 cts 

a year 

20 " 

* ' 

16 " 

16 " 

4° ;: 


40 " 

70 " 

per 100 

'. G. Kennedy . 

gle copies, monthly, . 

■ history in simple language. Price, 10c a< li 
.tnd Social Meetings. Price, 10c. each; $8 per 100. 

printed in colors. . Price, $2.00 per 100. 


A Picture Paper for little readers, in the 
home and the primary class. Simple, at- 
tractive, helpful, interesting. Thirty cents 
jpiesi a >' ear Ten copies to on- address, each, 
mk 25 cents a year. 




The Great Piano 
eral Sout 




'ouse of the South has just taken the Gen- 
or the Most Extraordiuary Musical 
of the 19th Century. 


A substitute for the pipe org? i with genuine pipe effects, and at a com- 
paratively low price. All Chun ,^s and Sunday-Schools will need them. 
Write for free catalogue and information. 

Luddeu & Bates are still representing the celebrated Chickering, Mason & 
Hamlin, Mathushek and Sterling Pianos and Organs, and if any evidence is 
needed to show that their prices, terms and instruments are the most satis- 
factory, it is found in the fact that this has been the largest year in the 
history of their business, sales being nearly a Half Million Dollars. 
Correspondence solicited.