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Full text of "Proceedings of the Reade Historical and Genealogical Association : with papers on the family history read at its first three annual meetings"






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PROCEEDINGS 



UF THE 



READE HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

ASSOCIATION 



WITH 



PAPERS ON THE FAMILY HISTORY 



READ AT ITS 



FIRST THREE ANNUAL MEETINGS. 



^^^^ir 




BOSTON : 
PRINTED FOR THE ASSOCIATION. 

1907. 







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vv i 



/ 



Reade Historical and Gencalooical 
Association. 



FIRST ANNUAL MEETING. 

The "Reade Historical and Genealogical Association" was 
organized at Historical Hall, Taunton, Mass., July 14, 1904, 
under the auspices of the Old Colony Historical Society, in 
accordance with the custom of that Society to organize each 
year a family genealogical association. 

At both morning and afternoon sessions there was a large 
attendance of persons interested in the objects of the Associa- 
tion. Many bore the family name, and almost all claimed de- 
scent from the worthy pioneers of the clan who crossed the 
Atlantic Ocean, in the seventeenth century to make new homes 
in the Western wilderness. 

During the interval between the morning and afternoon ses- 
sions, a basket lunch was served, and a group photograph was 
taken on the steps of Historical Hall, which included many of 
the persons present at the meeting. This photograph is repro- 
duced as the frontispiece of this publication. 

The order of exercises was as follows : — 

MORNING SESSION. 

Invocation, Rev. George Hale Reed, of Belmont. 
Meeting of the Old Colony Historical Society. 
Address of Welcome, Henry M. Lovering, of Taunton. 



4 Rcade Historical and Genealogical Association. 

Temporary Organization of tiic Reade Family. 

Address of the Temporary President, Silas D. Reed, of Taunton. 

Adoption of Constitution and By-Laws of the Reade Historical and 
Genealogical Association. 

Election of Oflficers. 

President's Address. 

Paper, " The English Ancestry of William Reade who settled in Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, in 1635," Edward F. Reed, of Boston. 

This and other papers read at the Annual Meetings will be 
found in full on subsequent pages of this pamphlet. 

INTERMISSION. 
AFTERNOON SESSION. 

Poem, Miss Anna I). Reed, of Taunton. 

Address, Rev. James Reed, of Boston. 

Addresses, Chester A. Reed, of Dedham, Charles F. Read, of Boston, 
Hon. Milton Reed, of Fall River, William H. Reed, of Wey- 
mouth, and others. 

The following Ofificers were elected for the year 1904-05 : — 

President. 
Charles F. Read, Boston. 

Vice-rresidents. 

QuiNcv L. Rked, So. Weymouth. Chester A. Reed, Dedham. 

Rev. James Reed, Boston. Samuel H. Emery, Quincy, 111. 

Hon. Walter A. Read, Providence, Edward F. Reed, Boston. 

R. I. Almon Read, Rehoboth. 

Hon. Warren A. Reed, Brockton. Willl\m W. Reed, New York. 

Alanson H. Reed, Wellesley Hills. Ezekiel R. Studley, Rockland. 

Rev. George Hodges, D.D., Cam- Henry B. Reed, So. Weymouth. 

bridge. Hon. Horace Reed, Whitman. 

George F. Rekd, Boston. Colton Reed, New York. 

Hon. George E. Keith, Brockton. Frederick H. Reed, New York. 

Hon. Elisha T. Harvell, Rock- Lewis B. Reed, New York. 

land. 



First Aiimial Meeting. 

Secretary. 
Joshua E. Crane, Taunton. 

Treasurer. 
John S. C. Blanchard, So. Weymouth. 



Hon. Silas D. Reed, Taunton. 
F. Arthur Walker, Taunton. 
James M. Cushman, Taunton. 
Elliott Washburn, M.D., Taun 
ton. 



Execiitive Committee. 

Hon. George E. Keith, Brock- 
ton. 
Josiah B, Reed, So. Weymouth. 
Charles F. Read, Boston. 
James E. Seaver, Taunton. 
George F. Reed, Boston. 



William H. Reed, So. Weymouth 

At the close of the exercises the Association adjourned to meet 
in Boston, in October, 1905. 




SECOND ANNUAL MEETING. 



The Second Annual Meeting of the Reade Historical and 
Genealogical Association was held in Chipman Hall, Tremont 
Temple, Boston, October 12, 1905, in accordance with a notice 
mailed to each member. 

This meeting was held in Boston, following out the custom 
of holding gatherings of the Association in places where the 
early settlers of the name resided. 

There was a gratifying attendance at the meeting, and both 
morning and afternoon sessions were full of interest to those 
present. 

In the interval between the sessions, many of those in attend- 
ance had the pleasure of dining together at the Ouincy House. 

The exercises of the day were as follows : — 

Invocation, Rev. George Hale Reed, of Taunton. 

Music. 

Report of the Secretary, Joshua E. Crane, of Taunton. 

Report of the Treasurer, John S. C. Blanchard, of So. Weymouth. 

Report of the Executive Committee, Hon. Silas D. Reed, of Taunton. 

President's Address, Charles F. Read, of Boston. 

Music. 

Registration of Names. 

Report of Nominating Committee, 

Election of Officers for 1905-06. 

Mu.sic. 

Address, Hon. Milton Reed, of Eall River. 



Second Annual Meeting. 7 

INTERMISSION. 

2 P. M., Music. 

Hymn, Miss Anna D. Reed, of Taunton. 

Report of the Reade Memorial Committee, William H. Reed, of So. 

Weymouth. 
Paper, " Esdras Reade," Charles F. Read, of Boston. 
Music. 
Paper, " The English Ancestry of Avis Deacon, the wife of William 

Reade," Edward F. Reed, of Boston. 

The Oflficers of the preceding term were re-elected for the 
year 1905-06, with the following exceptions : The place of 
Samuel H. Emery, Esq., deceased, one of the Vice-Presidents, 
was not filled; the Treasurer declining a re-election, Henry B. 
Reed was chosen to fill the vacancy. 

The Association adjourned to meet in South Weymouth, in 
September, 1906. 




THIRD ANNUAL MEETING. 



The Third Annual Meeting of the Reade Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Association was held in South Weymouth, Mass., Sep- 
tember 27, 1906, in accordance with a notice mailed to each 
member. 

The meeting took place at the residence of Henry B. Reed, 
Treasurer of the Association, who had kindly offered the hospi- 
talities of his home for this gathering, at the meeting held in 
Boston a year ago. 

Morning and afternoon sessions were held, and between them 
the company present partook, in addition to a basket lunch, of 
the bountiful hospitality of the Treasurer and his accomplished 
wife. 

A showery day somewhat marred the pleasure of the occasion, 
but those present were gratified at its success. 

The exercises were as follows : — 

11 A, M., Reception at the home of Henry B. Reed. 
President's Address of Welcome, Charles F. Read, of Boston. 
Report of the Treasurer, Henry B. Reed, of So, Weymouth. 
Report of the Executive Committee, 
Report of the Secretary, Joshua E. Crane, of Taunton. 
President's Address, with a sketch of the Reade Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Association, Charles E. Read. 
Registration of Names. ' 

Report of the Nominating Committee. 



Third Annual Meeting. 9 

Election of Officers for 1906-07. 

Remarks, concerning a Memorial in honor of William Reade an early 
settler of Weymouth, William H. Reed, of So. Weymouth. 

INTERMISSION. 

2 p. M., Reception of the President-elect. 
Poem. 

Paper, Obadiah Read, of Boston, Charles F. Read. 
Remarks, The Abington Branch, William H. Reed. 
Paper, The Antiquity of Heraldry, with a Description of the Ancient 
Insignia of the Reade family, Edward F. Reed, of Boston. 

The following Officers were elected for the year 1906-07 : — 

President. 
QuiNCY L. Reed, So. Weymouth. 

Vice-Presidents. 

Rev. James Reed, Boston. Chester A. Reed, Dedham. 

Hon.WALTER A. Read, Providence, Edward F. Reed, Boston. 

R. I. Almon Read, Rehoboth. 

Hon. Warren A. Reed, Brockton. William W. Reed, New York. 

Alanson H. Reed, Wellesley Hills. Ezekiel R. Studley, Rockland. 

Rev. George Hodges, D.D., Cam- Hon. Horace Reed, Whitman. 

bridge. Colton Reed, New York. 

George F. Reed, Boston. Frederick H. Reed, New York. 

Hon. George E. Keith, Brockton. Lewis B. Reed, New York. 

Hon. Elisha T. Harvell, Rock- Joshua E. Crane, Taunton. 

land. 

Secreta7-y. 
Charles F. Read, Boston. 

lycasurer, 
Henry B. Reed, So. Wcytnouth, 



lO Reade Historical and Genealogical Association. 



Hon. Silas D. Reed, Taunton. 
F. Arthur Walker, Taunton, 
James M. Cushman, Taunton. 
Elliott Washburn, M.D., Taun 
ton. 



Executive Coimnittee. 

Hon. George E. Keith, Brock- 
ton. 
JosiAH B. Reed, So. Weymouth. 
Charles F. Read, Boston. 
James E. Seaver, Taunton. 



U'lLLiAM II. Reed, So. Weymouth. George F, Reed, Boston. 




POEM AND HYMN 



BY 



Miss ANNA D. REED. 



POEM. 

[Written for the Reed Meeting, July 14, 1904.] 

In peace and plenty lived our English sire 
In his ancestral home, long time ago ; 

The landscape smiled, kinsfolk were near and kind, 
And pleasant memories kept his heart aglow. 

Why turned he westward when the twilight fell, 

As if he liked not in his house to dwell ? 

He held the faith which all his fathers loved, 
Its creed and precepts he had always known. 

He loved the Church, its worship and its forms, 
He loved its ritual — but he felt alone. 

He longed to follow that brave Pilgrim band 

Who sought for freedom in another land. 

He heeded not the tales of savage foes, 
Of cold, privation, homesickness and toil ; 

The love of freedom ever lured him on 
'Till a new home was his, on a new soil. 

He made the home his children have to-day. 

And in strong virtue ever led the way. 



12 Rcadc Historical and Gciicahnrical Association 



&> ' 



Nor did the sharer of his English home, 
Our mother Avis, linger by the way. 

She left her kindred dear, to hither come 

And breathe a freer air, and watch and pray. 

Shall we, their children, e'er forget the cost ? 

Is what they sacrificed forever lost ? 



HYMN. 

[Written for the Reed Meeting, October 12, 1905.] 

Bright be the sun that shines to-day, 

And soft the airs that blow, 
And warm and true the loving hearts 

That beat with kindred glow. 

For we who meet are of one stock, 

The same forefathers claim, — 
And where we pitch our tent, the soil 

Owes to our sires its name. 

Our fathers, exiles from their homes, 

Found here a sheltering spot ; 
There dwelt the staunch old Puritans 

And faithful Huguenot. 

They loved the father-land they left 
For bleak New England's shore. 

But Freedom's priceless boon, and Faith's, 
They prized and honored more. 

Then let us still their acres keep, 

Their homestead let us hold. 
And guard the Freedom which they bought, 

With blood, and tears, and gold. 

And lighted by their guiding Star, 

We'll trace the path they trod. 
And reverence our fathers' names. 

Because they walked with God. 



THE ENGLISH ANCESTRY OF WILLIAM READE 

OF WEYMOUTH, 



BY 



EDWARD F. REED. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE. 

The following address, " Commemorative of William Reade, the 
Emigrant Ancestor," which was delivered at the First Gathering of 
his Descendants, held at Historical Elall, Taunton, Mass., July 14, 
1904, under the auspices of the Old Colony Historical Society, con- 
tains some facts relating to the ancestry of the family in England, 
selected and abridged from the manuscripts of a proposed volume 
on The English and American Ancestry of the Rev. and Hon. John 
Reed, D. D., of West Bridgewater. 

The work itself is designed to give full details regarding the an- 
cestry of the Redes, Reads and Reades, — by which orthography at 
several respective periods the family name was written, — and will 
contain sketches of many of the allied families, copious copies of 
authentic records, and pedigrees from the Harleian Manuscripts in 
the British Museum, the Heralds' College, London, and other reliable 
sources, one of which is a pedigree attested by the signature of 
Richard Reade of London, uncle of William Reade of Weymouth, 
who also attests the Coat of Arms of the family. Numerous other 
interesting historical facts and sketches relating to the family are con- 
tained in the manuscripts of the contemplated volume. 



14 TJlc English Ancestiy of 

Tt may not be inappropriate here to state that the Rev. John Reed 
to whose memory and that of his good wife, Hannah (Sampson) 
Reed, the work is to be dedicated, was one of the many illustrious 
descendants of the first progenitor in America of this branch of the 
Reed family. 

He was great-great-grandson of William and Avis (Deacon) Reade 
and eldest son of the Rev. Solomon Reed of Framingham, afterwards 
of Middleboro', who was a graduate of Harvard College in 1739, and 
one of the most noted clergymen of his day. 

John Reed was born November 11, 1751, and was graduated at 
Yale College in 1772. In 1776 he was commissioned Chaplain, with 
the rank of Captain, in the Continental Navy of the United States, 
and was Chaplain of the fleet. To the Rev. John Reed belongs the 
honor of being the first Chaplain of the United States Navy, and for 
some time thereafter the only clergyman who could be induced to 
enter the service and risk his life in the internecine conflict which 
was impending and inevitable on the high seas. He was assigned to 
the Frigate Warren, the flagship of the squadron. He was ordained 
Pastor of the Congregational Church and Society in West Bridge- 
water, Mass., on the 7th of January, 1780. 

Soon after the adoption of the Federal Constitution, the almost 
unanimous sentiment of his Congressional district pointed to him as 
one eminently qualified by his ardent patriotism, his sound judgment, 
and his readiness and power in debate, to serve as its Representative 
in Congress, and in 1794 he was elected to fill the office, which he 
held for six years, through three successive Congressional terms, at 
the close of which time he declined a re-election for the sole purpose 
of devoting the remainder of his life to his chosen profession, the 
Christian ministry. In 1S03 he received the degree of Doctor of Di- 
vinity from Brown University. He had the entire confidence and 
respect of his people and performed among them, with great discretion 
and faithfulness, the duties of the Christian ministry for upwards of 
fifty years. Near the close of his life he became entirely blind, but 
continued to preach and to perform other duties of his profession. 
He died February 17, 1831. 



William Reade of Weymouth. 15 



ADDRESS. 

" Inquire, I pray thee, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the 
search of their fathers." Job viii : 8. 

Kinsfolk and Friends : — 

I esteem it a great honor to be invited to address yoii, at this 
gathering of the Reade family, upon a subject of such vital and 
common interest to you all — our English ancestry ; I enter 
upon the task with some perturbation, fearing my inability to do 
full justice to the subject in this necessarily short address. 

It has been my pleasure and my privilege, — and it has been 
a labor of love, to delve into the records of the dim and distant 
past, in search of authentic information relating to the English 
ancestry of our first progenitor in America, William Reade of 
Weymouth. 

Although my research at this time is not fully complete or 
exhaustive, — for I hope in the near future to obtain still further 
important additions to the family history, — the result has already 
proved eminently successful, and far beyond my hopes and ex- 
pectations when I entered upon the work. 

I am therefore enabled to give to-day for the first time, out- 
side of a very few of my kinsfolk, a brief history of our English 
ancestry from the year 1 1 39, down to the settlement of our pro- 
genitor and progenitress, William Reade and Avis Deacon, in 
America, A. D. 1635, and by inference, back to the seventh 
century, and still further to Cerdic, the Saxon, who landed in 
Britain, A. D. 486. 

I will also describe the ancient coat of arms and crest of the 
Redes, and give the authentic arms of this branch of the family, 
which differs from the former, from the fact that the great- 
grandfather of William Reade of Weymouth, mairied into the 
Menis family, and quartered his wife's family arms with his. 
Thus the ancient Rede arms quartered with l^.enis, became the 



1 6 The English Ancestry of 

authoritative coat of arms of his direct descendants, and by 
inheritance came down to our first progenitor in America, and 
thence to us. 

Perhaps the most important traceable facts relating to the 
great antiquity of the family will best be illustrated by the rfew 
quotations following, from my gleanings : 

" The Reeds were among the reigning princes of Northumber- 
land, Kent, Wessex and Mercia, and seem to have been of the 
same blood, and political alliances existed between them. 

'* The first notice taken of any person by the name of Reed 
in Kent, was Withred, King of Kent, in the seventh century. 
Their seat was at Rede in the Hundred of Merdinnie, a settle- 
ment under the old English laws, consisting originally of one 
hundred persons. The modern name is Marden, which place 
adjoins Maidstone, in the northwesterly part of the County of 
Kent." 

At the latter place (Maidstone) some of the kinsfolk of our 
first progenitor in America by the name of Reade, resided, as 
well as some on his maternal side, one of whom was created Vis- 
countess of Maidstone in 1623, and Countess of Winchelsea in 

1628. 

There seems to be little doubt of the descent of this branch of 
the Reed family from Withred, King of Kent, and consequently 
our remote ancestry was Saxon, and not Celtic, as asserted by 
Mr. Jacob Whittemore Reed in his " History of the Reed 
Family." 

Sir Walter Scott, in a note on his poem of Rokeby, alludes to 
the great antiquity of the Read family, and mentions an epitaph 
on a mural slab in Elsden Church, erected in the year 1758 to 
the memor)^ of Elrington Reed, which described the family as 
having at thai time been seated in Redesdale for nine hundred 
years, which reckoned to the present day would make an aggre- 
gate of 1,046 yea>-s. 



William Reade of Weymouth. ly 

The Reeds of the Cragg, Redesdalc, who were descended 
frt)m the elder branch of the Redes of Troughend, Redesdale, 
held until recent years, lands granted by the Crown prior to the 
Conquest. The Cragg, a portion of the considerable estates 
which that branch of the family possessed in Redesdale, has 
descended from father to son from a very remote period. 

The seal of one of our kinsmen, Sir Thomas de Rede, having 
a chevron between two palms, was dug up many years ago on 
the estate of the Earl of Tankerville of Chillingham, and dates 
from about 1300; it is now preserved in the British Museum. 
The grandson of this Thomas de Rede of Troughend, Redesdale, 
is mentioned in the County records, A. D. 1400, as giving a 
bond to William de Swinbourne, and one Humphrey de Lisle 
exchanged lands with a William Rede. 

There was a Roger de Rede, Master of the Mint, London, A. 
D. 1297, during the reign of Edward the First. 

These latter Redes were very possibly descendants of our 
common progenitor Brian de Rede of Morpeth, who was living 
A. D. 1 1 39. We find frequent mention of this family in old 
records, one of which alludes to the descendants of Brian de 
Rede as "flourishing in Morpeth in the twelfth century." 

Several of our ancestors and their descendants, as well as 
many of the kindred of our progenitors arc buried in and around 
the Holy Trinity Cathedral, Norwich, in the County of Norfolk, 
and many Redes are also buried in and around the ancient 
church of St. Nicholas of that city, which is over 1,000 years 
old and in a good state of preservation at the present day. 

Other ancestors and their kinsfolk, of later life, are buried 
in London, Canterbury, Folkestone, Sandwich and other places, 
and I will later on quote a few epitaphs from their funeral mon- 
uments. 

It is asserted in the " History of the Reed Family," that we 
are descended from the great-grandson of Noah, but I shall not 
attempt at this late day to verify this pedigree. You will all, 



1 8 The English A/iccsljy of 

however, no doubt ag^rec with mc in the statement that wc may 
with equal propriety, if not sincerity, lay claim with more posi- 
tiveness to descent from a still more ancient progenitor — Adam. 
I trust you will pardon this digression and not consider it a 
transgression, in thus speaking lightly of subjects scriptural. I 
should indeed be lacking in one of the principal characteristics 
of the Reeds if the spirit of humor did not occasionally creep 
out, even if at the exiiense of our reputed ancestor Adam, and 
the great-grandson of that ancient mariner, Noah. 

The pedigree which I will now give, starting from Brianus dc 
Rede, and continuing dov/n to our first Reed progenitor in 
America, 1635, I have every reason to believe correct. The 
first portion was gleaned from Mr, Jacob W. Reed's research m 
England, after eliminating and correcting manifest inaccuracies 
ascertained through my own study of ancient English records. 
The larger portion, however, was obtained through my personal 
investigations. 

I. Brian* de Rede was living in the year 11 39, and was of 
Mor[)eth (anciently Morepath — the town by the track across 
the moor) originally Moor Path, and there is evidence that the 
town is situated in what was once a moorland road. It is one of 
the most important in Redesdale, and is on the river Wansbeck, 
hfteen miles from Newcastle-on-Tyne. It lies in a beautiful 
valley and rich agricultural district, surrounded by varied and 
picturesque scenery, which is seen to great advantage from a 
terrace or public }jromenade tastefully formed along the banks 
of the river. 

As Morpeth is in Redesdale, Northumberland County, which 
Mr. Jacob Whittemore has termed " the hive from which a large 
portion of the Reeds originated," and particularly as it was the 
home ol our progenitor Brian de Rede, the birthplace of his son 
Wilham, and probably also that of his grandson Robert of Rede, 

* The name not infrequent))' appears in its Latin form,- — Brianus. 



William Rcade of Weymouth. 19 

as well as that of his great-grandson Galfrinus, — ^all progenitors 
of this branch of the Reed family, — it should have more than 
common interest to us. 

These ancestors of ours were evidently men of means and im- 
portance in their day, for I find in ancient records, as previously 
stated, allusions to the descendants of Brian de Rede flourishing 
in Morpeth in the twelfth century. 

Brian de Rede had three sons, Robert of Rede, William, our 
progenitor, and Thomas of Redydale. 

2. William, the second son of Brian de Rede, had a son 
Robert, our progenitor. 

3. Robert, son of William Rede, had a son Galfrinus, our 
progenitor. 

4. Galfrinus, son of Robert Rede, had three sons, William, 
Thomas (our progenitor), and Robert. 

5. Thomas of Redydale, second son of Galfrinus Rede, had 
two sons, Thomas (our progenitor), and Edward. 

6. Thomas, the elder son of Thomas of Redydale, living in 
1429, also had a son Thomas, our progenitor. 

7. The latter Thomas, son of Thomas Rede, and grandson 
of Thomas of Redydale, the son of Galfrinus, had children as 
follows, viz. : 

1. C)ur progenitor, Hon. John Read, Mayor of Norwich. 

2. Sir Bnrlliolomew Read, goldsmith of London, and Master of 
the London Mint in the reign of King Henry IV ; Sheriff of London, 
1497, and Lord Mayor in 1502. 

3. Richard Read of Shipden, Norfolk. 

4. Simon. 

5. William Read, Goldsmith of London. 

6. Thomas Read. 

7. Sir Robert Read, Knight, and Lord Chief Jnstice of the King's 
Bench. Lord Robert Read was of Buckingham, now Magdalene Col- 
lege, Cambridge, and subsequently Fellow of King's, and founder of 
the "Rede Lecture." He was Chief Justice 25 April, 1509; execu- 



I. 



O' 



20 T/u- English Ancestry of 

tor of the will of King Henry VII, and gimrdian of Henry YIII dur- 
ing his minority. He was Autumn Reader at Lincoln's Inn 148 1, 
and Lent Reader i486; Sergeant at Law 14S6 ; King's Sergeant 
1494; Justice of the King's Bench 1496, and Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas 1507. He died in 15 iS. In 1516 he built a chapel 
in honor of St. Katherine. 

8. Hon. John Read, oin- progenitor, son of Thomas Read, 
was engaged in the manufacture of woolens, and was also prob- 
ably a dealer in silks in the city of Norwich, County of Norfolk. 
He married Johanne Ludlow, and they had twelve children, viz.: 

John Read, aflerwards Sheriff of Norfolk, oldest son. 

William Read, of Beccles, Suffolk. 

Hon. Edward Read, Mayor of Norwich, our progenitor. 

4. Rev. Thomas Read, Rector of Beccles, Suffolk. 

5. Edmond. 

6. Roger. 

7. Clement. 

8. A son, name unknown, who probably died young. 
There were also four daughters. 

Hon. John Read, om- progenitor, was Sheriff of Norfolk in 
1488, and Mayor of Norwich in 1496; he died Nov. 11, 1502, 
and his wife died about one )'ear later, 1503. ]3oth are buried 
within the Diocese of Norwich. The following epitaph is on the 
monument : 

JOHN REDE, I Mayrc of Norwyche, dyed the XI of Novem- 
ber I in I Anno M. D. II, and | joxE his wyf.f | which had \'III 
sons, and I II 1 doughters, which Jone dyed in Anno M. D. III. 

9. Hon. Edward Read, our ]-)rogenitor, mercer, of Norwich, 
third son of Hon. John Read, was four times Mayor of that city, 
with intervals of several years occurring between each term of 
service, viz.: 1 52 i-i 531-1543 ; the fourth date is unknown. 
He married (i), Elizabeth Lydston, from which union there 
was no issue. He married (2), Izod Stanley, daughter of 



William Rcade of Weymouth. 2i 

William, son and heir of Sir Humphrey Stanley, Knight. From 
this latter union our branch of the Reed family is descended. 

Hon. Edward Read married, thirdly, Isabel Woodlesse, of 
Harwich, in Essex, by whom he had a daughter Ursula. He 
married, fourthly, Ann or Agnes, whose maiden name was 
Cramer, widow of a Mr. Blackman ; from this latter union there 
was a son, Francis, who died young. 

Hon. Edward and Izod (Stanley) Read, our progenitors, had 
children as follows : John Read, eldest son. Sheriff of Norfolk, 
1568, and afterwards Alderman of Norwich, who died in the 
Council Chamber at 9 A. M., June 14, 1572, while attending a 
meeting of the Board of Aldermen ; second, Rev. William Read, 
Professor of Divinity, from whom we are descended ; and third, 
Sir Peter Read ; there were also two daughters. 

In the "Record of the Redes" William is called a "priest" 
(clergyman) ; in the " History of the Reed Family," where he is 
styled William Reade, S. T. P. [Sanctac TJtcologiac Professor, 
or Professor of Sacred Theology), he is supposed to have been 
born about 1450, which date is manifestly incorrect. He was 
probably born about A. D. 1500. 

The eldest daughter of Hon. Edward and Izod (Stanley) Read 
was Margaret, who married Robert Cage ; the second daughter, 
Elizabeth, married Jeffrey Loveday, Esq. The youngest daugh- 
ter, by his third wife, Isabel Woodlesse, was Ursula, who had 
four husbands, viz. : Thomas Garneys, of Beccles, Suffolk, by 
whom she had one child, a daughter, who married Edward Croft, 
son and heir of Sir James Croft, Knight, of Croft Castle ; , Ur- 
sula (Read) Garneys married, second, Thomas Browne, of Attle- 
borough, in Norfolk; she married, third. Sir John Brend, Knight, 
and fourth, Thomas Colby, Esq. She had no children by the last 
three marriages. 

General Sir Peter Read, youngest son of Hon. Edward and 
Izod (Stanley) Read, married, first, Jane, daughter of Sir An- 
thony Lee, of Buckinghamshire, and had no issue ; and second, 



22 TJic EnglisJi Ancestry of 

Anne, widow of George Duke, of Brami^ton in Suffolk, and 
daughter of Sir Thomas Blcinierhassett, Knight. They had a 
son Giles, who married Catherine Greville, daughter of " Earl 
Brooke. Sir Peter gave his houses in St. Giles from which his 
son's name was perhaps derived (who died previous to his 
father. Sir Peter), to pay for ringing the great bell at four iu the 
morning and eight in the evening. His portrait hangs in the 
Council Chamber of the Guild Hall, Norwich ; he is holding a 
falcon on his wrist, and a silken cord attached to its leg is 
wound around the fingers of his left hand. He holds a spear or 
lance in his right hand, and a coat-of-arms is portrayed in the up- 
per right-hand corner which puzzled me greatly for a time, as it 
was not the "griffin segreant" of the Redes; I first thought it to 
be the " Order of Barbary " conferred on Sir Peter by the Emperor 
Charles V. It seems however that some of our remote ancestors 
adopted this as a more modern coat than the griffin, — just when, 
I cannot determine — but I find it was used by Bishop William 
Read, who died in 1385. Again we find it used by our Norfolk 
ancestors as late as Sir Peter's time (1566), but evidently soon 
after that, the universal sentiment prevailing among armorial 
families of that period caused them to revert to the ancient arms 
whose antiquity undoubtedly greatly antedated the former. We 
find a similar occurrence also in the Read family, viz. : Thomas 
Read, who founded the Barton Court Line in the early part of 
I 500, having acquired that estate and great wealth through his 
wife, adopted a coat-of-arms on which was depicted four sheaves 
of wheat ; but when his grandson. Sir John Reade, Baronet, of 
Bromhill Castle and Brocket Hall, accepted a fresh patent 
of baronetcy from Oliver Cromwell, having succeeded to the 
title and estates on the decease of his grandfather and father, 
he discarded the modern coat and reverted to the ancient coat 
of the family, the grififin segreant, showing that the descen- 
dants of the Barton Court Line claimed kinship with Sir 
William. 



4: 




;ne cK-.pi" 



William Rcade of Weymouih. 23 

With the portrait is an account of the donation for ringing the 
bell, and of a large charity to be dislributcd to the poor of the 
city. Through the courtesy of the Norwich City Clerk, from 
whom I obtained it, I am enabled to show you to-day a copy of 
this portrait. The original was executed about the year 1535, 
and the copy before you was lithographed and printed as long 
ago as 1836. This portrait shows how our ancestors looked 
three centuries and a half ago, and I think you will all agree 
that there is a strong family resemblance in the features of Sir 
Peter Read to those of the Reeds of the present day. The 
records of Norwich abound with allusions to the charities and 
bequests of " Sir Peter Rede." 

I quote from an ancient writing regarding the Church of the 
Holy Trinity, the Cathedral of the Bishop of Norwich. 

In the South ile of this Church, is a monument for the contiiuiall 
remembrance of that Valient souldier, Commander Peter Read, who 
was knighted by Charles the Fift, Einperour, at the winning of Tunis, 
in tlie yeare of our God, 153S, as appears by this uiscriptiou follow- 
ing, upon his Tombe. 

Here underlieth the corps of Peter Read, Esquire, who hath 
worthily served, not only his prince and Country, but also the Em- 
perour, Charles the Fift, both at the Conquest of Barbary, and at 
the siege of Tunis, as also in other places, who had given him by 
the said Emperour for his Valliant deeds the Order of Barbary, 
who died the 29th. day of Dec. 1566. 

His mother, Izod (Stanley) Read (our progenitress), died in 
1524, and was buried in the Cathedral of Norwich. The fol- 
lowing epitaph is on the monument erected by her husband, 

Hon. Edward Read : 

IZOD READ. 

Of your cherite, pray for the soul of Izod Read, late wyffe of 
Edward Read, Alderman of this City of Norwich, which died the 
XIII of September, in the yere of our Lord MCCCCCXXI I I I. 
on whos soul Jesus have mercy. 



24 TJic English Ajicestry of 

As the name Izod is not in use at the present day, at least in 
America, it may be ol" interest to her descendants to know that 
Izod is an ancient Keltic name and signifies " fair." One au- 
thority defines it as meaning "a person of glory," also "a fine 
formed j)ersi)n." 

10. Rev. William Reade, Professor of Divinity, our progeni- 
tor, the second son of Hon. Edward and Izod (Stanley) Read, 
had a son, Sir William Read. I have been unable thus far to 
find a record of the marriage of Rev. William Read, or the name 
of his wife. I hope to do so, however, in the near future^ and 
also to learn somelhing regarding his history. 

11. Sir W^illiam Reade, son of Rev. William Reade, S. T. P., 
mai ried Elizabeth Menis, of Sandwich, in the County of Kent, 
daughter and heir of Menis. Through this union came about 
the c|uartering of the Menis arms with those of Reade, in ac- 
cc^rtlancc with the unwritten laws of the English College of 
Arms and the usages of Heraldry. Sir William, as was the 
custom (jf armorial families of that period, impaled his wife's 
family arms with his own, and his descendants quartered the two 
coats ; hence these arms have been, from that date to the pres- 
ent, the authoritative arms of this branch of the Reed family, 
and are so recorded and certified to by the English College of 
Arms, London. 

The ancient original coat of arms of the Redes is described in 
heraldic terms as follows : azure, a griffin segreant or rampant, 
or, clawed gnlcs ; meaning that there is portrayed on the sky- 
blue ground of the shield a griffin standing erect on his hind 
legs, as it in the act of fighting; his color is gold, and his claws 
red. This emblem is of great antiquity, and was borne upon his 
banners by Cerdic, the Saxon, when he landed in Britain about 
A. D. 495, and finally became King of Wessex or the West 
Saxons, about 519. I think it is reasonable to suppose that 
Withred, King of Kent about 690, was a descendant, and that 
this emblem has come down to us by hereditament from them. 



William Reade of Weymouth. 25 

The crest is an eagle sable (black), with wings extended, beaked 
and clawed or (gold). 

The arms of the Menis family were, in heraldic terms, gules, 
a chevron vaire, between three leopard's faces or; meaning 
that portrayed on the red ground of the shield is a chevron 
composed of furs of two colors, white and blue, and on the red 
ground in each of the three spaces around the chevron is a 
leopard's face, in gold, two above and one below. 

The union of these two coats by quartering supplies interest- 
ing information. By some authorities* it is claimed that the 
dexter half only — the husband's arms — of an impaled shield is 
hereditary. Arms quartered, sometimes called "arms of al- 
liance," arc used when the arms of an " heiress " or " co-heiress " 
(that is, a lady having no brothers) are united to those of her 
husband, and then descend to and are borne by their issue ; in 
this manner are preserved the arms of many illustrious ancient 
families extinct in the male line, which would otherwise be lost. 
Other methods are also used by some heraldic authorities, such 
as "the escutcheon of pretence," which do not now concern us. 
By this means the memory of great families is perpetuated, as 
in this instance. The inference from these c{uartered arms, 
therefore, if the claim mentioned be admitted, is that the wife 
of Sir William Reade was an "heiress." I regret that time will 
not permit my giving you a brief history of the illustrious fam- 
ily of Menis ; suffice it to say that Sir John Menis, Admiral of 
the British Navy, 1 641-1662, in an after-dinner speech once 
alluded with much feeling and evident pride to his ancestry, and 
particularly to his great-grandfather Andrew^ Menis, grandfather 
of our progenitress Rebecca Menis, who, he stated, was living in 
the time of Edward V (1483). 

Our family coat of arms, thus quartered, is therefore in he- 
raldic terms described as follows, viz. : Quarterly, i and 4 ; azure. 



* Set; Boutell. "English Heialdry," p. 17: 



26 TJie EnglisJi Ancestry of 

a griffin segreant or rampant or, clawed ^^///rj- ; 2 and 3; gules, 
a chevron vairc, between three leopard's faces or, for Menis. 

Sir William and Elizabeth (Menis) Reade had issue as fol- 
lows : — 

1. Our progenitor, William Reade, of Folkestone, in the County 
of Kent, who married Rebecca Menis, of Sandwich, daughter and co- 
heiress of Menis. 

2. Matthew Reade, who died without issue. 

3. Alice Reade, who married Stephen Richardson. 

4. 1-lebecca Reade, who married Stephen I-luck. 

12. William Reade of Folkestone, our progenitor, eldest son 
and heir of Sir William and Elizabeth (Menis) Reade, married 
Rebecca, co-heiress of Menis, and flaughter of Sir Robert Menis 
of Sandwich, in the County of Kent. William Reade died about 
1618. 

The union of the Menis arms with those of Reade, which as 
previously stated, occurred upon the marriage of Sir William 
Reade to Elizabeth Menis, became doubly appropriate and pecu- 
liarly significant to their son William of Folkestone, and his wife 
Rebecca (Menis) Reade, as their marriage would have necessi- 
tated this identical quartering of arms ; lor Sir Robert Menis, 
who was a kinsman of Elizabeth, had two daughters, but as in 
the former case, no male issue to succeed to the estate, and to 
perpetuate his name and arms. 

Thus this branch of the Reeds are dually descended from 
the Menis family, one of the most valiant and honorable of 
that period in England, and the Menis arms having been quar- 
tered with the ancient arms of Rede, have thus been perpetu- 
ated, and have come down to us by inheritance, and will continue 
to descend by heraldic law, to our issue, and their descendants. 

William and Rebecca (Menis) Reade, had issue as follows : 

I. Matthew Reade of Folkestone, eldest son and heir, who mar- 
ried Alice (or Mary), daughter of Ambrose Ward. 



William Reade of Weymouth. 27 

2. John Reade, who died witliout issue. 

3. Richard Reade of London, who married Joan, daughter of John 
Dale of that city. 

4. Sir William Reade, our progenitor, youngest son, I5arrister of 
the Middle Temple and Gray's Inn, London, also of Canterbury in 
the County of Kent. 

13. Sir William Reade, youngest son of William and Re- 
becca (Mcnis) Reade of Folkestone, County of Kent, married 
Lucy, daughter of Michael and Grace (Honeywood) Heneage 
of London. I have a copy of a very interesting rect)rd of the 
births and baptisms of the children of the latter, written by 
Michael Heneage, Esq., from which it appears that our progeni- 
tress, Lucy (Heneage) Reade, was born in her father's house in 
the parish of St. K^atherine Colman, London, between the hours 
of 3 and 4 V. M., P'eb. 24, 1586. 

Sir William l^eade was created Knight at Whitehall, before 
the coronation of King James I, at Westminster, July 23, 1603, 
at which time and place Sir Thomas Heneage, brother of his 
wife, was also knighted. 

Sir William and Lucy (Heneage) Reade were father and 
mother of William Reade of Weymouth, the first progenitor in 
America of this branch of the Reed family. They had four 
children, as follows, viz. : 

1. John Reade, Barrister of Gray's Lm, London, who did not emi- 
grate to America, but remained in England and died there unman ied. 

2. William Reade of Weymouth, our progenitor. 

3. Ivebecca Reade, who married a Mr. Wansford. 

4. Anne Reade, who married John Brewer, and who probably mar- 
ried previously, or secondly. Thomas Hatlon, Merchant of London, ♦ 

14. William Reade of Weymouth, our first progenitor in 
America, was, as previously stated, the second son of Sir William 
Reade, Barrister of the Middle Temple and Gray's Inn, London, 
and also of Canterbury, in the County of Kent. His mother 



28 TJie English Ancestry of 

was Lucy Heneage, daughter of Michael Heneage, Esq., who was 
Keeper of Her Majesty's Records in the Tower of London from 
1581 to his death, December 30 (43rd Elizabeth), A. D. 1600. 
Michael Heneage, Esq., was buried in the Cathedral Church of 
St. Paul's, London. 

Lucy (Heneage) Reade was a descendant of two of the most 
influential and respected families of that period, viz. : the Hen- 
eage and Honeywood families. Her father was a gentleman of 
much importance and influence in London. Her grandfather, 
Robert Heneage, Esq., was Auditor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 
and Surveyor of the Queen's woods beyond the Trent, a gentle- 
man of note, as were also his ancestors, several of whom were 
knights. We are able to trace back the period of the first set- 
tlement of the Heneage family in Lincolnshire, England, to her 
progenitor. Sir Robert de Heneage, which was many years pre- 
vious to A. D. 1200. 

Lucy (Heneage) Reade was granddaughter of Robert Honey- 
wood and his wife, Mary (Atwaters) Honeywood, whose father, 
Robert Atwaters, was a gentleman of great fortune, who left 
only two daughters, co-heiresses, Joyce and Mary. Joyce died 
after a few years, and the entire fortune fell to Mary. 

Mru-y (Atwaters) Honeywood, grandmother of Lucy (J-Ieneage) 
Reade, was married at the age of sixteen years. She was a lady 
much celebrated for her piety, as well as for the multitude of 
her descendants. She lived to see three hundred and sixty-seven 
descendants, of whom sixteen were h(^r own children, one hun- 
dred and fourteen grandchildren, two hundred and twenty-eight 
in the third generation, and nine in the fourth. Her grandson. 
Dr. Michael I loneywood. Dean of Lincoln, in King Charles the 
Second's time, used to relate that he was present at a dinner 
given by her to a family party of two hundred of her descend- 
ants. 

Lucy (Heneage) Reade's brother. Sir Thomas Heneage, mar- 
ried Bridget, daughter of Edward Woodward of Lee, near Wind- 



William Readc of Weymouth. 29 

sor, Maid of Honor to the Queen of Bohemia, and relict of 
Sir Thomas Dunchn, Baronet, and they had' a son, Sir Michael 
Heneage of Hatton Gardens, London, living in 1696 — a cousin 
of our first ancestor in America. He was a Barrister of the 
Middle Temple and Gray's Inn, London, and was knighted at 
Whitehall, July 30, 1664. 

Lucy (Heneage) Reade was a niece of Sir Thomas Heneage, 
Knight of the Shire for the County of Lincoln, in the Parliament 
held at Westminster in the eighth year of Elizabeth's reign 
(1566). He was also Captain of Her Majesty's Guards, Treas- 
urer of her Chamber, Vice Chamberlain of her Household, 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and one of the Privy 
Council. Sir Thomas Heneage possessed Copt Hall, at that 
period the " Noblest house " in Essex, and was Lord of the 
Manor of Brightlingsea, in the same County. 

Lucy (Heneage) Reade was cousin of Elizabeth (Heneage) 
Finch, wife of Sir Moyle Finch, Baronet, of Eastwell, in Kent. 
She was created Viscountess of Maidstone in 1623, after the 
death of her husband, and Countess of Winchelsea in 1628, and 
from her was lineally descended George P^inch Hatton, Earl of 
W^inchelsea. 

It will be seen from the foregoing pedigree that William 
Reade, our first progenitor in America, was descended from 
allied families of wealth and note on the maternal as well as on 
the Reed side. He was born probably in 1606, in Canterbury, 
Kent, or in LcMidon. That he had received a fine education for 
that period is manifest from many indisputable records. His 
father died several years previous to his emigrating to America, 
and the fact that he was the younger son no doubt influenced 
him to seek his fortune in New England. His brother JU^n, 
Barrister of Gray's Inn, survived our ancestor several years. I 
have a copy of the will of John Reade, in which he bequeaths 
to his sisters, Rebecca (Reade) Wansford, and Anne (Reade) 
Brewer, all his property with the exception of a few minor be- 



30 TJie EnglisJi Ancestry of 

quests, among which were four pounds annual]}' to his servant 
Alice Greenway, during her life, ten pounds to his cousin. Sir 
Michael Heneage, to buy him a ring, and ten pounds to his cousin 
Richard Reade, but no bequest or mention of his brother's widow 
and children, across the sea. He died unmarried. 

In the History of the Reed Family, Mr. Jacob W. Reed .states 
that John Reade who settled originally in Weymouth, and after- 
ward removed to Rehoboth, was a brother of our progenitor, but 
this is proven an error by the foregoing authentic records. 1 
am inclined to think that John Reade of Rehoboth was a son 
or descendant of Elizeus Read of Norfolk, England, who was 
a freeman of Norwich in 23d Elizabeth (1581), whose occupa- 
tion is set down in the records as "Merchant Adventurer." 
Elizeus Read was son of John Reade, eldest son of our pro- 
genitor Hon. John Reade, Mayor of Norwich. As Elizeus 
Read was a '-'Merchant Adventurer," this may account for the 
Reed exodus to America, as undoubtedly all of the English 
Reeds who early settled in this country were kinsmen, and the 
success of his enterprises may have inspired the following gen- 
eration of Reads to seek their fortunes in the new world. 

William Reade probably resided in London, or Maidstone, 
near London, at the time he emigrated to America. He sailed 
from Gravesend in the County of Kent, forty miles from Lon- 
don, in the ship "Assurance de Lo " \i.c. of London], Isaac 
Bromwell and George Pewsie, Masters, in the early part of July, 
1635. There were one hundred and eighty-one male and thirl)'- 
nine female passengers, and one infant on board, making a total 
of two hundred and twenty-one souls, besides the crew and 
officers. Among the list of passengers appear the names of 
William Reade, age 30, and Thomas Deacon, age 19, supposed 
to be a twin brother of William Reade's future wife, to whom he 
was married soon after her arrival. The ship kuuled at Boston, 
and our progenitor at once jiroceeded to Weymouth, where he 
settled. 



Willi am Rcadc of WeymoiiiJi. 31 

Avis Deacon did not sail in the same vessel with her future 
husband, but came in the "Alice," Richard Orchard, Master, 
which cleared from Gravesend later in the month of July. The 
vessel carried thirty-one passengers, and one infant, six being 
females : among them appears the name of Avis Deacon, age 19 
years. As both ships sailed from Gravesend, during the same 
month, the sailings being set down in the official records as July, 
1635, and as both William Reade and Avis Deacon were of Lon- 
don, or Maidstone, they were undoubtedly acquainted and inob- 
ably engaged before sailing. The fact that her brother Thomas 
Deacon sailed with William Reade, has also manifestly some 
significance in connection with this subject. The "Assurance" 
cleared a week or two previous to the "Alice," and undoubtedly 
William Reade sailed in the first ship in order to arrive earlier 
and secure a home for his future wife before her arrival. There 
being but thirty-one passengers on the "Alice," it is reasonable 
also to suppose that the accommodations for women were much 
better than on the other overcrowded vessel. She may have 
had friends among the female passengers of the "Alice," some 
of whiMii, the records show, were on the way to America with 
their children to join their husbands who had preceded them. 
Of the thirty-one passengers nineteen were under twenty-one 
years of age. 

It will be noticed that while I have given a brief history of 
our English Reade ancestry, and also that of the family of Lucy 
Heneage, mother of William Reade of Weymouth, as well as the 
Menis family, of which his grandmother and great-grandmother 
were members, I have apparently slighted the family of his wife, 
our progenitress. Avis Deacon. I beg therefore to explain that I 
am about to make an exhaustive search for information in that 
direction, and hope soon to be able to add to the Reed Geneal- 
ogy something regarding her family. 

As I have now carried this brief history along to the settle- 
ment in America of William Reade, and his wife. Avis Deacon, 



32 The EiiglisJi Ancestry of 

I will not attempt at this time to go further into the family his- 
tory, although I have some very interesting sketches of their 
descendants, as well as of the allied branches, particularly the 
Thomson-Cook families, through whom all the descendants of 
William Reade (2d generation) derive a Mayflower descent. 

In the northern part of the town of Weymouth, commonly 
called "Old Spain," lies the ancient "Old North Cemetery," 
the first burial place of the early settlers of the town. 

Here, somewhere in this ancient graveyard, where "the rude 
forefathers of the hamlet sleep," lie the remains of all that is 
mortal of our first progenitor of the name in America, William 
Reade, and his good wife, A\'is Deacon, with graves unmarked, 
but with memory cherished and venerated by us their descend- 
ants, as our presence to-day at this family gathering attests — 
they .sleep not as the dead described in Gray's Elegy, "unknown, 
unhonored and unsung." 

It is to be regretted that the exact location of their last rest- 
ing-place cannot be located at this day, as no account of the 
early burials or location of the graves was kept at that jieriod. 
It is not to be wondered at that these graves are unmarked by 
inscribed stones, as there were few if any stone letter-cutters in 
the early days of the Plymouth Colony, and the marked head- 
stones of that period, which are rare, were made and lettered 
across the sea. 

In writing the Reed Genealogy entitled "The luiglish and 
American Ancestry of the Rev. and Hon. John Reed, D. D., 
and his wife Hannah (Sampson) Reed of West liridgewater, 
Mass.," and in the consequent necessary research connected 
therewith, I have almost constantly felt as if in actual com- 
munion with our good ancestors, who long since passed into that 
other life, and to their reward ; and the feeling of their preseiice, 
as well as the impressions following, have seemed almost like 
inspirations, guiding me oftentimes successfully to most unex- 



William Rcadc of Weymouth. 



33 



pected sources for information in my research for ancient, as 
well as more recent family history. 

I have given so much time and thought to these investigations 
that I almost feel an 'acquaintanceship with our remote ances- 
tors ; as though I had known them " in the dim vistas of the 
past." And I cannot help feeling that at the inevitable day, not 
far distant, when I shall be summoned to "cross the river," they 
will meet me and join their greeting with that of loved ones of 
still closer kinship who have in recent years departed this life, 
and who will surely welcome me on that other shore 




N.^ 




THE POSSIBLE ANCESTRY OF AVIS DEACON, 

The \\'ikk of William Reade of Weymouth, Mass. 



BY 



EDWARD F. REED 



" Remember the days of old, a^isider the years of many generations : 
ask thy father, and he will show thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee." 
Dcut. xxxii : 7. 

Mr. President and Member's of t/te Reade Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Association : — 

Following the organization of our Association at Historic 
Hall, Taunton, Mass., July 14th, 1904, I had the honor of laying 
before the members the result of mv investigations reg-ardinsr 
the English ancestry of William Reade, including some of the 
allied families, and particularly that of his mother, Lucy Heneage, 
of London. 

On that occasion — notable as having been the first organized 
gathering of members of the various Reade-Read-Reed families 
descended from the early settlers of that name — I apologized 
for not saying anything concerning such an important personage 
to us as Avis Deacon, the wife of William Reade, whose mem- 
ory all of her descendants must particularly cherish and honor 
as their first progenitress in America. Up to that time I had 
been unable to glean, from any source, anything whatever regard- 



TJic Possible Ancestry of Avis Deacon. 35 

ing her family, and the Reed Genealogies which have been pub- 
lished have had absolutely nothing to say on the subject. The 
apology, therefore, I felt to be necessary, and I promised to 
make an exhaustive search for information in that direction, 
with the hope of being able in the future to add something in 
regard to her ancestry. 

As one of her many descendants, it is therefore, with much 
gratification that I present to you the following data regarding 
her probable family, which, although meagre, are important, and 
it is hoped will lead to further information regarding herself and 
her parentage. 

Avis Deacon, the wife of William Reade of Weymouth, was, 
I am convinced, a descendant of that branch of the Deacon 
family which resided in Shinfield in 1587, — a parish consisting 
of three villages in the county of Berks, England, — which the 
following facts we think will sufficiently attest : 

The records show that there resided in Shinfield, Berks, 
Simonde Deacon, "husbandman," whose wife. Avis Deacon, 
died in 1587. 

The children of Simonde and Avis Deacon were as follows : — 

Symond Deacon. 
Francis Deacon. 
Richard Deacon. 
John Deacon. 
William Deacon, and 
Raphe Deacon. 

Ralfe (as he signs himself) died in 1624, leaving children as 

follows : — 

Richard Deacon, 
Edward Deacon. 
Alice Deacon. 
Ann Deacon. 
Johan Deacon. 
Avis Deacon. 



36 TJie Possible Ancestry of Avis Deacon. 

The latter (Avis Deacon) was not the Avis Deacon who came 
to America in the "Alice " in 1635, and married William Rcade, 
for she is specially named in the will of her grandmother Avis, 
dated 1587, as "Avis, daughter of my son Raphe," which would 
make her nearly fifty years of age in 1635, while our progeni- 
tress was only nineteen years of age on her arrival in America. 
Taking into consideration the fact that the name Avis is seldom 
found in English records of that day, and its use so rare as to 
be exceptional, and the further fact of its persistent use in this 
particular Deacon family, leaves seemingly little doubt that the 
wife of William Reade was a descendant of the family above 
mentioned. 

There are about two hundred and twenty-five wills and ad- 
ministrations of the family of Deacon, between the fourteenth 
and nineteenth centuries, among the records of the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, now on file at Somerset House, London, 
viz : five in the fifteenth century ; twenty-seven in the sixteenth 
century ; eighty-nine in the seventeenth century, and one hun- 
dred and four in the eighteenth century. The earliest will is 
that of John Dekene (as the name was at one time written) of 
Ipswich, 1448. So far as our research extends, there is no 
record extant of an Avis Deacon save in the particular branch 
of the Deacon family previously mentioned. There was a Deacon 
family of Kent, a county near Berkshire, which sent many scions 
to the metropolis of London. 

As William Reade was also of Kent, I conjecture that his 
wife. Avis Deacon, was quite probably of that branch, but never- 
theless descended from the aforesaid Deacon family of Shinfield, 
Berkshire. 

There is a will on record, — that of a Thomas Deacon, "yeo- 
man," of St. Saviour's, Southwark, county Surrey (adjoining 
Kent) proved 14 October, 1652, in which he mentions "Cousin 
Magdalen Causon of Enfield, Cousin Alice Crew of London, 



TJie Possible Ancestry of Avis Deacon. 37 

Cousin William Graves, 'chandler,' of London, and Cousin* 
Thomas Deacon, 'planter,' in Virginia," — by which name New 
England was then ordinarily called. The latter, I feel confi- 
dent, was the Thomas Deacon, twin brother of Avis Deacon, 
who sailed for America with William Reade in the "Assurance" 
in 1635, Avis Deacon following on the next vessel, which arrived 
two or three weeks later. This would seem to be verified from 
the fact that the early records and "The Original Lists" show 
no other Thomas Deacon among the early comers to America. 
The Deacon family of that period in London, and also in the 
adjacent counties, bore coats-of-arms which were almost identical, 
and we may infer that Avis Deacon's ancestors were entitled by 
hereditament to bear the ancient Deacon arms. 

* " Cousin " as used at that period usually signified a nephew or neice, and it is 
quite probable that Thomas Deacon was the uncle of these "cousins." 



ESDRAS READE 



liY 



CHARLES F. READ. 



Read at Uie Second Annual Meeting, Boston, Oct. 12, 1905* 



Among the great company of English people who joined in 
the Puritan movement which settled at the Massachusetts Bay 
early in the seventeenth century, the name of Esdras Readc 
finds a place, and it seems proper to publish this brief biography 
of him, that coming generations of his descendants may study 
the life of their first American ancestor of the name. 

The earliest mention of Esdras Reade, which I have as yet 
found, is in the Records of the Town of Boston, under date of 
December 24, 1638. This entry reads that "Esdras Reade, a 
Taylor, is this day allowed to bee an Inhabitant and to have a 
great lot at Muddy River for 4 heads." Muddy River was then 
a part of Boston, and on November 13, 1705, became the present 
town of Brookline. 

jiut evidently the conditions in Muddy River were not .satis- 
factory to l^^sdras Reade, owing possibly to the fact that the 
hamlet was four miles from Boston ; for we find that after a stay 



* Kcpriiilcd from llie New Englaiul IJistorical and Genealogical Register for 
April, 1906. 



Esdras Reade. 39 

of a few weeks he removed to Salem, Mass., the Records of that 
town telling us, under date of February 25, 1639, that "Esdras 
Reade is receaved to be an inhattant at the towne of Salem." 

He received grants of land from the town, joined with his wife 
Alice the First Church of Salem, and was made a freeman of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, June 2, 1641. While a resident of 
Salem, his two children, Obadiah* and Bethiah, the only ones he 
had, were baptized in the First Church, the record being "1640. 
31.3. Two children of Esdras Reade." 

It is evident that the migratory habits of our ancestors of the 
seventeenth century fastened themselves upon the subject of this 
sketch, for in 1644, Esdras Reade with other members of the 
Salem church, including the pastor, Rev. John Fiske, founded 
the town of Wenham, Mass., originally a part of Salem, and 
which was called, before its incorporation (September 7, 1643), 
Enon, meaning much water. 

While a resident of Wenham he was a leading citizen of the 
town. Having, with his wife, become a member of the First 
Church of Wenham when it was organized, October 8, 1644, he 
was elected the first deacon, and he also represented the town in 
the General Court in the years 1648 and 1651. 

A few years later brought another change of residence, for in 
1655 he was one of the founders of the town of Chelmsford, 
Mass. A recital of the proceedings which led to the settlement 
of the new town may be interesting. 

To quote from a history of Middlesex County : — 

In September, 1654, propositions were made to Rev. John 
Fiske and his church in Wenham to remove to Chelmsford, 
Mass., and the account of the proceedings which resulted in 
their removal there is preserved in the handwriting of Mr. Fiske. 
It is written in the quaint diction of the time, and reads as fol- 

* See page 43 below. 



40 Esdras Reade. 

lows: "A day was set of meeting at Chelmsford. Upon y^' 
said day set divers of y° brethren accompanied y'' pastor over 
unto Chelmsford where y*-' committee and divers others were 
present. A view was taken of y'' place. The brethren present 
satisfied themselves about their accommodations, and proposals 
were then made to y'^' pastor for his accommodation and yearly 
maintenance, as to be tendered unto him by consent of y^ whole 
of inhabitants and in the name of y'^" committee." 

Soon after their return to Wenham, the larger part of the 
church, with their pastor, decided to accept Chelmsford's pro- 
posals. \\\\\. at this time the proceedings were for some reason 
discontinued. 

We now return to Mr. Fiske's account. "Thus y'^' matter lay 
dormant as 'twere all winter, until y^* first month '55 at which 
time l>rothcr Reade coming over, cnformed us in such wise 
here at Wenham, as thereupon y'^ paster and y*" said engaged 
brethren demurred upon y*^ proceedings, and some that had sold 
here at Wenham redeemed their accommodations again into their 
possession and a letter was suitably sent by Brother Reade to 
acquaint y'^ Chelmsford committee how things stood, and advised 
to stead themselves elsewhere." 

The matter was not abandoned. Several letters passed be- 
tween the parties. In June, 1655, a committee went with letters 
for Chelmsford, " with full power to then and there to treat and 
finally to determine the business between both parties. The 
matter was referred to counsel. This case thus determined on 
either side, preparations were made for y" removal of y*^ church. 
Accordingly about y'^ 13*'' of y'- 9^'' month '55 there were met at 
Chelmsf(jrd, y'' pastor with y'- engaged brethren of Wenham, 
seven in all, lo whom such of y^' brethren of Woburne and Con- 
cord churches late at Wenham presented themselves and testi- 
mony given, were by a unanimous vote received in fellowship." 



Esdras Rcade. 41 

At the first town meeting in Chelmsford, held November 22, 
1655, Esdras Reade was elected one of a "committee to officiate 
in ordering the publick affaires." 

Three years later found him again on the move, for in 1658 
he came to live in Boston a second time ; and two years later, in 
1660, the Records of Chelmsford tell us that "John Webb is ad- 
mitted to purchase all the rights and privileges granted by the 
town of Chelmsford to Esdras Reade." He joined with his wife, 
possibly a second one, the Second Church of Boston, August 4, 
1661. 

Nine years later he was living in Woburn, Mass., for in the 
deed of a sale of land which he made in 1670, he calls himself 
" Esdras Reade, Taylor of Woburn." But by the following year 
he had become a resident of Boston for the third time, as is 
shown in another deed, and he apparently lived there continu- 
ously until his death in 1680. 

It is probable that his home was situated at the corner of the 
thoroughfares which we call to-day Salem and Prince Streets. 
He sold this estate, January 12, 1674, to Samuel Brackenbury, 
physician, for the sum of ;^I32, and the deed of .sale gives the 
location as " at the intersection of a street that leads from the 
Second Meeting House in Boston towards Century Haven and a 
lane that leads from the said street towards Winnissimmet Ferry 
Place." 

Esdras Reade, and here I quote the inscription on the grave- 
stone of another ancestor, " after he had served his generation, 
by the will of God, fell on sleep" in Boston, July 27, 1680, at 
the advanced age of eighty-five years. He lies buried in Copp's 
Hill Burying Ground, Boston, that ancient cemetery on one of 
the three hills which gave to Boston its early name of Tri- 
mountain, and where so many of its early settlers arc sleeping. 
Over his grave is to be seen to-day the double gravestone of 
himself and his second wife Sarah. Unfortunately the stone 



42 



Esdras Reade. 



has been broken in such a manner that the date of her death 
has disappeared. It is inscribed in part : — 

HKRE LYETH BURIED 
V^ I50DDV OF 

ESDRAS READE aged 

85 YEARS DIED 

JULY Y!' 27 

I 680. 

He died intestate, and his small estate was administered by his 
son, Obadiah Read. The inventory of his property shows that 
he was, until his death, engaged in making a living by his trade, 
and he was possessed of a complement of tailor's tools. 

And so we take leave of " Esdras Reade, taylor." When he 
came to the now great city of Boston, in 1638, it was a hamlet of 
about thirty families. 

During his life the Colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Ply- 
mouth were united in one, and seventy towns were incorporated 
by the General Court. He saw the persecution of the Quakers, 
and the havoc caused by King Philip's War. The closing years 
of his life were passed amid the political disturbances which re- 
sulted, four years after his death, in the annulment of the Char- 
ter of Massachusetts Bay by King Charles the Second. 




OBADIAH READ 



BY 



CHARLES F. READ. 



Read at the Third Annual Meeting, South Weymouth, Sept. 27, 1906. 



Obadiah Read, the only son of " Esdras Rcade, Taylor," 
the emigrant, was baptized, with his only sister, Bethiali Read, 
in the First Church, Salem, Mass., on Sunday, May 31, 1640, 
the records of that church containing this entry: " 1640. 31.3. 
2 children of Esdras Reade." 

It seems probable that he lived with his parents during their 
residence in Salem, Wenham and Chelmsford, Mass. ; and indeed 
we find that he was admitted to the First Church of Chelmsford 
in 1657, its records of membership for that year containing the 
following item: "Brother Read, Bethiah aged about 19 years 
old, Obadiah aged about 17 years old." 

Obadiah Read probably became a resident of Boston in 1658, 
when his father also moved there from Chelmsford, and he re- 
sided there until his death. He married, August 19, 1664, 
Annah, daughter of Thomas Swift of Dorchester, Mass., and 
granddaughter of Barnard Capen, of the same town, who died 
in 1638. 



44 Obadiali Read. 

It is interesting' to note that the gravestone of Barnard Capen 
in the Dorchester Burying-ground (which is, however, a repro- 
duction of the original one, which is preserved in the Cabinet 
of the New England Historic Genealogical Society) bears the 
earliest record of death in New England. A photo-engraving 
of this stone is given in the Annual Report of the Cemetery 
Department, Boston, 1904-5, at page 84 (City Document No. 
8). The inscription on Thomas Swift's stone is given on page 
181 of the same volume. 

Annah (Swift) Read died in 1680, at the age of 33 years, and 
Obadiah Read married for his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Broughton of Watertown. 

He was a housewright by trade, and so called himself in his 
will. He resided in Black-horse Lane, now Prince Street, Bos- 
ton, and owned considerable property in that locality at his 
death. He signed in 1696, as a citizen of Boston, a petition 
praying that the law relating to building with brick be repealed. 
Six great fires between the settlement of Boston and 1679 had 
forced the citizens to enact stringent laws on the use of wood 
for building purposes. 

It may interest some to know that Black-horse Lane is believed 
to have taken its name from an old tavern which stood on the 
corner of Back (afterwards Salem) Street ; in 1698 the lane ran 
from Middle, now Hanover Street, to Back Street ; it was after- 
wards extended towards the Charlestown ferry, and in 1708 was 
called Prince Street. In later days the old tavern was noted as 
a place of refuge and concealment for deserters from Burgoyne's 
army when at Cambridge, and was a favorite resort for the 
British troops stationed in Boston in 1775-6, some of the com- 
panies having barracks in its immediate neighborhood. 

In 1680 he was chosen by the Selectmen of Boston a Ty thing- 
man from Captain John Richards' Company ; and at the annual 
town meeting, March 12, 1682/3, was elected one of the eight 
Constaliles of Boston. He was a Fence-viewer from 171 3 to 



Obadiali Read. 45 

171 5, and was likewise a member of the Second Church of 
Boston, his date of admission being given on the records as 
September 25, 1720. 

Obadiah Read signed his will January 3, 17 18, and the inven- 
tory of his property, which amounted to ;^875, was made July 
2, 1722, by Ebenezer Clough, Ebenezer Starr and Henry Alline. 

He was buried in Boston's ancient place of interment, Copp's 
Hill Burying-ground, and his gravestone is inscribed : 

hear lies ye body of 
Mr. obadiah read 

DIED FEB YE ig 172! 

IN YE 82 YEAR 

OF HIS AGE. 

The Stone which marks the grave of his first wife Annah, and 
which is in another part of the burying-ground, is inscribed : 

ANNAH READE 

WIFE TO OBADIAH KEADE ACJEI) 33 YEARS 

DYED YE 13 DAY OF SEPTEMBER 

1680 




OUINCY LOVELL RHED. 



QuiNCY LovELL Reed cliccl at his home on Main Street, 
South Weymouth, Mass., on April 9, 1907. His death occurred 
in the house in which he was born, and in which he had lived 
during his entire life. 

He was the son ()f Ouincy and Lucy (Loud) Reed, and was 
born in South Weymouth, April 6, 1822. He was educated 
in the public schools of Weymouth, and was graduated from 
Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. 

E'or some years prior to the Civil War he was engaged in the 
lumber business at Weymouth Landing. Later he became 
widely known as a civil engineer and conveyancer, and he also 
did a large amount of probate business. 

Mr. Reed was deeply interested in the study of genealogy, 
and was not only conversant with his own family but knew the 
history of Weymouth families probably better than any other 
man (jf his day. 

He held many town offices in Weymouth, and was an active 
member of the Weymouth Historical Society and the Weymouth 




QUINCY LOVELL REED, 1822-1907. 

President Reade Historical and Genealogical Association, 1906-1907. 



Qniiicy Lovell Reed. 47 

Agricultural Society. He was also at the time of his death a 
member of the Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture. He 
was elected President of the Reade Historical and Genealogical 
Association at the last annual meeting, which was held in Wey- 
mouth, Sept. 27, 1906. 

Mr. Reed married Lucy E. Hall of Warwick, R. I., March 25, 
i860. She died Oct. 5, 1895. They had four children: one 
daughter, Harriet L., wife of Albert P. Worthen, died in 1893 ; 
two daughters, Lucy H. and Abbie H., and a son, Ouincy, sur- 
vive their father. 




/ 



QUERIES. 



What was the maiden surname of the wife of the Rev. Solomon 

Reed, pastor of the Second Congregational Church of Framingham, 

Mass. ? He was later pastor of the Titicut Parish, Middleborough, 

Mass. He married, while at Framingham, Miss Abigail Stoughton, 

Houghton or Horton, of Connecticut. Which surname is the correct 

one? 

Edward F. Reed, 

Old South Building, Boston. 

Information wanted regarding the ancestry of Captain William 
Read, who was born in Alexandria, Va., and who settled later in 
Duxbury, Mass. He married Polly Glass. 

Mrs. Edward N. Darling. 

442 High St., Dedham, Mass. 



Authentic information wanted regarding the English ancestry of 
Esdras Reade, who came to New England in 1638. Also the sur- 
name of Alice, his first wife. 

Authentic information wanted regarding the dates of the birth and 
death of Thomas^ (Obadiah,- Esdras') Read. Also the name and 
ancestry of his first wife. 

Charles F. Read, 

Old State House, Boston. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 



READE HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL ASSOCIATION. 



CONSTITUTION. 

The name of this Association shall be the Reade Historical and 
Genealogical Association. 

The purpose for which it is constituted is the collection, compila- 
tion and publication of such data and information as may be obtained 
concerning the families of this name. 

Any person connected with any ancestor of the name by descent or 
marriage may become a member of the Association. 

Membership. 

There shall be an annual membership fee of one dollar, which 
shall entitle the member to a heraldic certificate of membership; 
and a life membership fee of ten dollars, subject to no future dues or 
assessments. 



Officers. 

The officers of the Association shall be a president, twenty vice- 
presidents, a treasurer, a secretary, a historiographer and an executive 
committee of ten members. 



50 By-Lazvs. 



BY-LAWS. 

The president shall preside at all meetings of the Association, and 
in his absence vice-presidents in order of appointment shall perform 
the duties of president. 

The secretary shall keep the records and minutes of the meetings, 
and shall receive on behalf of the executive committee all papers, 
documents or relics given or entrusted to the Association. 

The treasurer shall receive all moneys of the Association. He shall 
have the custody of all the funds belonging to the Association and 
disburse the same under the direction of the executive committee. 

The executive committee shall have the control of the affairs of the 
Association and its property. It shall be their duty to make arrange- 
ments to obtain all data and information concerning the descendants 
of the aforesaid Reade ancestors, and to appoint an historiographer 
for the purpose of compilation and publication of the same. 

The officers of the Association shall be ex-officio members of the 
executive committee. 

The members of the executive committee present at any regularl}- 
and duly notified meeting shall form a quorum. They may fill any 
vacancies that may occur in the board of officers until others are 
regularly elected. 




ROLL OF MEMBERS. 



Atwood, Mrs. Clara L. 
Bates, Mrs. Nathan G. 
Blackmer, Mrs. Catherine 
Blanchard, John S. C. 
Blanch ard, Miss Mary L. 
Blanchard, Miss Susanna R. 
Bonney, Mrs. N. G. 
Brig-gfs, Mrs. Viola D. 
Clarke, Arthur F. 
Clarke, Miss Helen G. 
Cook, Mrs. Annis R. 
Darling, Mrs. Edward N. 
Dean, P. Evarts 
*Emery, Samuel H. 
Farley, John W. 
Farley, Mrs. Mary E. Wells 
Field, Mrs. Amelia C. 
Field, J. Howard 
Godfrey, Mrs. Jane 
Hallett, Mrs. Sarah N. 
Head, Mrs. Daniel J. 
Hodges, Miss Mary A. 
Horton, Dexter \V. 
Horton, Henry T. 



Howland, Mrs. W. H. 
Hubbard, Mrs. Clara I. 
Kendrick, Mrs. Clara E. 
Kimball, Miss Helen F. 
Lefferts, Marshall C. 
Lewis, James E. 
Lewis, Mrs. Josephine 
Matthewson, Mrs. Flora S. 
Mears, Mrs. Betsey Z. D. 
Mears, John 
Perry, Mrs. Martha M. 
Pettee, Mrs. Georgiana E. 
Read, Charles F. 
Read, Miss Clara A. 
Read, Miss Edith B. 
Read, Miss Ella H. 
Read, Miss Georgiana D. 
Read, Miss Harriet M. 
Read, Harold C. 
Read, Henry P. 
Read, Robert L. 
Read, William 
Reade, Charles H. 
Reade, Miss Emilie V. 



* Deceased. 



52 



Roll of Members. 



Reade, Philip 
Reade, William J. 
Reed, Alanson H. 
Reed, Albert M. 
Reed, Alfred F. 
Reed, Miss Almira H. 
Reed. Arthur 
Reed, Miss A. Julia 
Reed, Miss Blanche A. 
Reed, Charles F. 
Reed, Charles L. 
Reed, Edward F. 
Reed, Edward G. 
Reed, Francis 
Reed, Frederic H. 
Reed, George E. 
Reed, George F. 
Reed, (juilford S. 
Reed, Harold F. 
Reed, Henry B. 
Reed, Mrs. Henry B. 
Reed, James 
Reed, James H. 
Reed, John D. 
Reed, John L. 
Keed, John R. 
Reed, Josiah 



Reed, Josiah B. 
Reed, Lewis 
Reed, Marshall 
Reed, Mrs. M. A. 
Reed, Miss Nettie T. 
*Reed, Ouincy L. 
Reed, Ralph D. 
Reed, Reuben L. 
Reed, S. Marshall 
Reed, Warren A. 
Reed, William E. 
Reed, William Ebenezer 
Reed, William Howell, Jr. 
Reed, William Thomas 
Richards, Mrs. Hannah R. 
Richards, Miss Harriet E. 
Russell, Mrs. Louisa S. 
Scott, Mrs. Lydia E. R. 
Stearns, Mrs. A. P. 
Stuart, Mrs. Carlotta .^L 
Wales, Mrs. B. Reed 
Wales, Miss Ella S. 
Walker, F. Arthur 
Walker, George L. 
Wa.shburn, Mrs. Grace B. 
White, Mrs. Louie D. 



* Deceased. 




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