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List of Officers ...... 

Abstract of Proceedings ..... 

vodiiess of the president .... 

Report of Committee on Building and Grounds . 

Report of Committee on the Library 

Report of Committee on Publications 

Report of Committee on Genealogical Researches 

Report of Committee on Finishing and Furnishing Addi- 
tion to Cabinet ..... 

Address of Vice-President George M. Carpenter 

sketch by the Librarian .... 

Report of the Treasurer .... 

Necrology ....... 

I. ist of Institutions, Corporations and Copartnerships 
from which Gifts have reen Received 

List of Persons from avhom Gifts have been Received 

List of Resident Members, 1802 . . 

List of Life Members, 1892 .... 

Honorary Member ...... 

'orresponding members ..... 

Index . ... 











Rhode Island Historical Society. 

ELECTED JAN. 12, 1 892. 


Vice- Pre* idt 'ids. 
George M. Carpenter, E. Benjamin Andrews. 

Amos Perry. 

Richmond P. Everett. 


On Nominations. 
Albert V. Jencks, James E. Cranston, 

Edward I. Nickerson. 

On Lectures. 

Amos Perry, Reuben A. Guild, 

Amasa M. Eaton. 



On Building and Grounds. 

Royal C. Taet, Isaac II. Southwick, Jr., 

Isaac C. Bates. 

On the Library. 

William D. Ely, William B. Weedex, 

Howard W. Preston. 

On Publications. 

E. Benjamin Andrews, Wm. F. B. Jackson, 

James G. Vose. 

Oil Genealogical Researches. 

Henry E. Turner, John O. Austin, 

George T. Hart. 

On Finance. 

Robert II. I. Goddard, Charles H. Smith, 

Richmond P. Everett. 

Audit Committee. 

Lewis J. Chace, Edwin Burrows, 

James Burdick. 


For Newport, George C. Mason. 

Woonsocket, Latimer W, Ballou. 

JScituate, Charles II . Fisher. 

Piiwtucket, Samuel M. Conant. 

North Kingstown, David S. Bakkr, Jr. 

Hopkinton, George H. Olnry. 



Rhode Island Historical Society, 


At a meeting held Jan. 27, 1891, Mr. Ansel D 
Nickerson, of Pawtucket, read a paper entitled, " Paw- 
tucket before Samuel Slater's Time and since." 

February 10th, Mr. William E. Foster, of Providence, 
read a paper entitled, " Rhode Island Boundary Dis- 

February 24th, the Rt. Rev. Thomas M. Clark, 
D. D., LL. D., of Providence, read a paper entitled, 
''William Blake, Painter and Poet," 

March 10th, Mr. David W. Hoyt, of Providence, read 
a paper on the "Topographical Survey and Maps of 
Rhode Island." The matter of " Indian Names of 
Places in Rhode Island," was informally discussed by 
School Commissioner, Thomas B. Stock well. 

March 24th, the Rev. Henry S. Burrage, D. D., of 
Portland, Me., read a paper entitled, " Waymouth's 
Voyage to the Coast of Maine in 1605." 

The first quarterly meeting was held April 1st. Re- 
ports from several standing committees were read, re- 
ceived, and ordered to be placed on file. 


Mr. James Burdick, chairman of a special commit- 
.^e on Field Day, reported that arrangi 

tee on Field Day, reported that arrangements had been 
made for the Society to visit the city of Salem, Mass., 
late in the month of May, or early in June. 

The following-named persons were elected resident 
members: Herbert Almy, Henry C. Armstrong, Ed- 
win A. Burgess, Edward - D. Bassett, George Wash- 
ington Bowers Bourn, Joseph Banigan, William H. 
Crins, John Edwin Cummings, Lorin M. Cook, Wal- 
ter Callender, Francis Colwell, Albert L. Calder, 
Henry Williams Cooke, Albert G. Carpenter, Henry 
R. Davis, Joseph C. Ely, John Foster, Henry Allen 
Fifield, William N. Frederics, Arnold Green, Robert 
Post GirTord, Daniel L. D. Granger, Henry T. Grant, 
Jr., Clarence F. Gardiner, Henry Van Amburg Jos- 
lin, Benjamin Brayton Knight, Richard D. Knight, 
F. D. Livermore, John Francis Lonsdale, George Ab- 
ner Littlefield, Charles Matteson, David S. Moulton, 
Rev. Alfred Manchester, Asa K. Potter, William H. 
Pope, Frank K. Potter, Gilbert A. Phillips, William 
Carey Poland, Miss Caroline Richmond, James M. 
Ripley, Lucian Sharpe, Charles H. Sheldon, George 
W. Stafford, Thomas Earle Studley, Charles F. Samp- 
son, Amasa C. Tourtelotte, John E. Troup, Benjamin 
Francis Thurston, George Joseph West, George H. 
Wilbur, all of Providence; Frederic A. Barker, of 
Pawtucket, and Moses Fifield of Warwick. 

The Library Committee, to whom had been re- 
ferred a communication from Mr. George C. Mason, 
relative to certain memorials of Commodore O. H. 
Perry, reported through its chairman, Mr. William D. 
Elv, as follows : 


1. That the purpose of the heirs of Commodore Perry is a very 
liberal one, and reflects the patriotic feeling towards Rhode Island 
which so highly distinguished their illustrious relative. 

2. Your Committee further advise the passage of the annexed 
resolutions : 

Resolved, That the Rhode Island Historical Society accept with 
grateful acknowledgments to the heirs of Commodore Perry their 
offer of the uniform in which Commodore Perry fought the battle of 
Lake Erie, and of the rich and beautiful sword presented him by the 
city of Albany as a tribute to his gallantry on that occasion. 

Resolved, That the Committee be and is hereby authorized, in 
behalf of the Society, to procure such proper case, safe, or cabinet 
for the protection and safe keeping of the memorials referred to as 
may be agreed on, by and between the heirs of Commodore Perry, 
or their representatives in this matter, and the said Committee. 

(Signed,) William D. Ely, 

William B. Weedex, 
Howard W. Preston. 

Providence, March 30, 1891. 

Vice-President Carpenter reported in behalf of the 
special committee appointed at the last annual meet- 
ing, that measures had been taken, with the coopera- 
tion of the City Council of Providence, to secure the 
printing of early State and Town records. 

Vice-President Carpenter also reported in behalf of 
a special committee appointed at the last July quar- 
terly meeting, to revise the Constitution and By-Laws 
of the Society. The report was accepted and re- 
ferred to the next July quarterly meeting. 

April 21st, Adjutant-General Elisha Dyer read a 
paper entitled, " The Military Records of Rhode 

At the quarterly meeting, July 7th, a letter from 
Mr. Charles E. Carpenter was reported. 


The librarian stated that 29 bound volumes, 193 
unbound, and 6.1 unclassified objects had been re- 
ceived during the last three months. One of the most 
important books received was a royal 8vo. volume, 
containing a record of all Connecticut men who per- 
formed military or naval service in the Revolutionary 
War, in the War of 181 2, and in the war with Mexico. 

On recommendation of the nominating committee 
the following-named persons were elected members of 
the Society : Jeremiah Briggs Gardiner, and Frank- 
lin Baylis Brightman, of Providence, and Nicholas 
Ball, of Block Island. 

The chairman of the library committee offered the 
following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Society be presented to Edward 
Perry Warren, Esq., of Boston, and of Lewes House, Lewes, Eng- 
land, for his generous gift to this Society of the admirable portraits 
of Governor Joseph Wanton and Mrs. Wanton, his wife. 

The Society recognizes the fact that the governorship of Joseph 
Wanton marks one of the most interesting periods of the history of 
Rhode Island, the throwing off of colonial dependence and the as- 
sumption of absolute sovereignty. These striking memorials of thai 
period will be placed in the gallery of portraits, and cherished as 
speaking witnesses of the kind thoughts and liberal heart of the 

On motion of the same it was also 

Voted. That the thanks of the Society be, and are hereby pre- 
sented to Daniel Berkeley Updike, Esq., of Boston, (a connection 
of the Wanton family), for his devotion to the interests of the So- 
ciety in procuring the portraits of Joseph Wanton and wife for the 
Cabinet of this Society, as belonging more to the history of the 
State than to any individual. 


It was also 

Voted,- That the proceeds of duplicates and publications of the 
Society, since January 1, 1890, and hereafter, shall be accredited to 
the library account, and be applied by the library committee for the 
purchase of books in addition to the annual allowance for increase 
of the library. 

A motion made by the chairman of the library 
committee, that "five hundred dollars be appropriated 
for arranging, moving, binding and classifying the 
books, newspapers, pamphlets, manuscripts, paintings 
and other collections of the Society; the sum to be 
expended, as far as needful, under the direction of the 
library committee," was referred to the October quar- 
terly meeting for action. 

Mr. James Burdick, chairman of the committee on 
a " Field Day," reported in behalf of that committee, 
that over one hundred members and friends of the 
Society made a most enjoyable visit to the city of 
Salem, Mass., on the 3d day of June, and that after 
paying all expenses a small balance was left in the 
treasury towards another like occasion. 

On motion of the president of the Society the treas- 
urer was authorized to pay the bills for renovating and 
putting in order the portraits and frames (thereto be- 
longing) of Gov. Joseph Wanton and wife upon the 
approval of the library committee. 

On motion of the president, seconded by the 
Secretary, the following resolution was unanimously 

Resolved, That this Society gratefully appreciates the unwearied 
attentions shown its members on their visit to Salem, June od, and 
hereby tenders the Essex Institute, the Peabody Academy of Sci- 


ence, the Hon. Robert Rantoul, Mayor of Salem, and all persons 
and organizations contributing to the pleasure of that occasion its 
hearty thanks for courtesies by them extended. 

On motion of the president it was also 

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be tendered to the Adju- 
tant-General of the State of Connecticut for "The Record of Con- 
necticut Men who served in the Army and Navy, in the War of the 
Revolution, the War of 1812, and in the War with Mexico." 

All persons who had contributed to the collections 
of the Society during the last quarter received a for- 
mal vote of thanks. 

At the quarterly meeting, October 6th, a letter was 
received from Mr. John O. Austin, relative to three 
volumes of Rhode Island portraits, gotten up by him. 
The proposition of Mr. A., as to the disposal of the 
volumes, was referred, on motion of Mr. Everett, to 
the library committee, with power to act in behalf of 
the Society. 

The question as to the adoption of the Constitu- 
tion of the Society, reported by a special committee, 
was referred to the annual meeting next January. 

The resolution which was offered bv the library 
committee, at the July quarterly meeting, and referred 
to this meeting, for the appropriation of $500, to be 
expended by that committee for library purposes, was 

Mr. William D. Ely made a written report in be- 
half of the special committee for finishing and fur- 
nishing the building, showing what had been done and 
what needed to be done to carry out the object of the 
Society. Among the improvements most needed, ac- 
cording to the report, were additional book-cases, to 



facilitate a better classification of the Society's col- 
lections ; a platform for the president and speaker 
when meetings are held, and the means of lighting 
the audience room and picture gallery. 

On motion of the president (Vice-President An- 
drews in the chair) it was 

Voted, That the special committee on finishing and furnishing the 
building be requested to furnish a suitable platform and means of 
lighting the two main rooms. 

On recommendation of the chairman of the nomi- 
nating committee, Mrs. Adelia E. A. Traver and Prof. 
John Matthews Manly, of Providence, were elected 
resident members ; and Isaac Pitman Noyes, of Wash- 
ington, and William Warner Hoppin, of New York, 
were elected corresponding members. 

Mr. William B. Weeden reported that Prof. A. 
Howard Clark, of the Smithsonian Institution, was in 
the city recently taking measures for a representation 
of the early history of this State at the approaching 
exposition in Chicago. , 

On motion of Mr. Charles H. Smith the president 
and secretary were appointed a committee to com- 
municate the thanks of the Society to the heirs of 
theiate Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, for the gift 
of the jacket worn by the latter at the battle of Lake 
Erie, and of the sword presented to him by the city of 
Albany, in honor of his patriotic services. 

The president announced the death of Hon. George 
B. Loring, recalling his contribution to the pleasure 
and interest of the late visit to Salem, and paying a 
tribute of honor to his memory. 


November 3d, a paper was read by the first vice- 
president of the Society, the Hon. George M. Car- 
penter, appropriate to the opening of the new cab- 
inet, upon " Modern Historical Aims and Methods." 

November 17th, Robert F. Swan, Esq., Massachu- 
setts commissioner on public records of parishes, 
towns and counties, read a paper. Subject: "A Com- 
mission on Records ; its Work and Possibilities." 

December 15th, the Rev. William Chauncy Lang- 
don, D. D., addressed the Society on the Italian Rev- 
olution, 1859-1871. 

December 15th, Henry C. Dorr, Esq., read a paper 
entitled: "Williams and Harris, or, the Controversy 
between the Proprietors and the Freeholders of Prov- 

December 29th, Mr. Dorr read the second part of 
the paper, entitled: "Williams and Harris, or, the Con- 
troversy between the Proprietors and Freeholders of 

The seventieth annual meeting of the Societv was 
held Jan. 12, 1892, the president, the Hon. Horatio 
Rogers, in the chair. 

The secretary, Mr. Amos Perry, read the record of 
the last quarterly meeting; he also laid before the 
Society two letters, received respectively from William 
Warner Hoppin, of New York, and Isaac Pitman 
Noyes, of Washington, thanking the Society for the 
honor of their election as corresponding members, 
and expressing a warm interest in the objects of the 

The president read his annual address, briefly not- 
ing the progress made in the work of the Societv, 
and calling attention to measures that in his opinion 


>hould be adopted for the attainment of its highest 

The treasurer, Mr. Richmond P. Everett, sub- 
mitted his annual report, of which the following is a 
summary : 

Receipts, . . $2,991 85 

Expenses, , . . . . 2,500 04 

Balance on hand, . . . . 491 81 

of Publication Fund, . 3,327 78 

" of Life Membership Fund, 1,893 7^ 

" of Building Fund, . . 131 63 

At the conclusion of his report the treasurer read a 
paper giving an account of changes which had taken 
place during his twenty-five years of service, and call- 
ing to mind scenes, persons and incidents that proved 
of much interest. 

On motion of Mr. Wm. D. Ely it was 

Voted, That in recognition of a quarter of a century's faithful 
and efficient gratuitous service as the treasurer of this Society, Mr. 
Richmond Pearl Everett be made a life member, 

And before Mr. Everett had any opportunity to 
speak, the Society's diploma (on vellum), duly in- 
scribed and framed, was placed in his hands ; and fifty 
dollars, contributed by fellow-members, was placed in 
the treasury as a speaking memorial of gratitude and 
respect to the treasurer. 

The chairman of the library committee, Mr. Wm. 
D. Ely, rendered a report in behalf of that commit- 
tee. The expense incurred was $169.00. 

Rev. W. F. B. Jackson submitted an unwritten re- 
port in behalf of the publication committee. 


Mr. JohrrO. Austin presented a report, which was 
read by the secretary, suggesting steps that should be 
taken to facilitate genealogical pursuits. 

Mr. Alfred Stone presented a report in behalf of 
the committee on finishing and furnishing, showing 
what has been done and what needs to be done. 

Ex-Governor Taft, chairman of the committee on 
building and grounds, submitted a report, showing 
that $153.19 had been expended. 

On motion of the chairmnn of the library com- 
mittee it was 

Voted, That whereas Mr. John O. Austin has, with his usual 
liberality, made over to the Society three volumes of portraits (col- 
lected by him) in consideration of a life membership and of fifty 
dollars contributed by friends of the Society, therefore John 0. 
Austin is hereby constituted a life member of this Society. 

On motion of Mr. Ely it was 

Voted, That the bill for the safe and its removal to the cabinet, 
amounting to $107.00, be paid by the treasurer. 

On motion of Mr. A. V. Jenckes, chairman of the 
nominating committee, the following persons were 
elected resident members: Hollis M. Coombs, Ferdi- 
nand A. Lincoln, Horace Arnold Kimball, John Pres- 
cott Farnsworth and John Mason Gross, all of Provi- 
dence. Corresponding member: Henry Herbert 
Edes, of Charlestown, Mass. 

On motion of the President, Rev. Dr. Andrews, 
Judge Carpenter, and Mr. Amasa M. Eaton, were ap- 
pointed a committee to act in behalf of the Society 
in securing an increased appropriation from the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State. 


The importance of having the by-laws and consti- 
tution of the Society so edited and amended as to 
accomplish the greatest good for the Institution was 
briefly discussed, and a hope was excited that Presi- 
dent Rogers would apply himself to this work. 

On motion of Mr. Burdick it was 

Voted, That a tax of three dollars be assessed upon each resideut 
member of the Society for the current year. 

Also, on motion of Mr. Burdick, it was 

Voted, That the committee on publications be authorized to print 
six hundred copies of the proceedings of 1891-92, to include the ad- 
dress of the president, and also of the treasurer, the annual reports, 
and any other papers the committee shall select, provided that the 
whole expense does not exceed two hundred dollars. 

On motion of Mr. Charles H. Smith it was 

Voted, That the president, the librarian, and the treasurer, be a 
committee to provide suitable furniture for the treasurer in the small 
room on the lower story, east side, and also to provide suitable fur- 
niture for the librarian in the small room of the lower story, west 

The thanks of the Society were 

Voted to Mr. Esek A. Jillson for an admirable portrait of his la- 
mented son, Col. Charles D. Jillson ; and to Mrs. John P. Knowles, 
for an admirable portrait of her lamented husband, who was United 
States Judge for the District of Rhode Island from 1870 to 1SS1 in- 

On motion of Mr. James Burdick it was 

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be expressed to Mr. Henry 
T. Beck with for his long and faithful services as a member of the 
audit committee. 



The address of the president and all the reports 
were received and referred to the committee on pub- 

It was 

Voted, That Messrs. Alfred Stone, J. F. Jameson and John T. 
Blodgett be, and are hereby appointed a committee to whom shall be 
referred all communications in regard to making contributions to the 
Historical exhibition in connection with the Columbian Exposition at 
Chicago, and who shall report to this Society what action, if any, 
they would recommend in regard to the same. 

The officers of the Society were then elected for 
the ensuing year. A list of them will be found on 
pages 5 and 6. 

Address of the President. 

Gentlemen of the Historical Society: 

This year marks the seventieth anniversary of the 
formation of our Society, and it is gratifying to be 
able to state that never, during its existence, has it 
attained greater strength and prosperity than now. 
The wisdom of its founders in not restricting its 
membership to a limited number, and the more recent 
encouragement of all persons of irreproachable char- 
acter feeling an interest in its objects to join it, have 
given it a hold on the popular favor too often lacking 
in more exclusive organizations. 

The addition to the cabinet, as originally designed, 
has been substantially completed and gives much sat- 
isfaction, but it was impossible to determine, in ad- 
vance, just how much shelf room would be required 
to meet the imperative present and reasonably proxi- 
mate future needs of the Society, and it is now real- 
ized that the best and wisest course would be to fur- 
nish at once all the shelving the building will properly 
accommodate, so as to afford a sufficient surplus of 
room for each subject or sub-division for future growth, 
without beino; obliged constantly, at short intervals, 
to rearrange the library, if subjects are to be kept to- 
gether, as would be the case should shelf room be 


stinted at the start and then added to from time to 
time. No provision for such additional shelving and 
for cleaning and renovating the old portion of the 
cabinet has yet been made, and the contrast between 
the old and the new parts of the structure is painfully 
apparent. It is desirable that some means should be 
devised for obtaining funds necessary to perform this 
important supplemental work at an early day, so that 
our enlarged cabinet will be congruous in all its parts 
and suitably equipped for the best possible service. 

It is hoped that the State will aid the Society more 
liberally in the future than in the past, as it prac- 
tically performs a quasi public function, for the history 
of a commonwealth is a public heritage, in the perpet- 
uation and illustration of which all alike have a com- 
mon interest and a common pride. Sir Archibald 
Alison, in referring to America and the Americans, in 
his history of Europe, says: "So wholly are they re- 
gardless of historical records or monuments that half 
a century hence, its history, even of these times, could 
only be written from the archives of other States." 
Whatever degree of truth there may have been in that 
statement when it was made, it is grossly inapplicable 
now, for without reference to the general govern- 
ment, some of the American States .are so keenly 
alive to the importance of their respective histories 
that in a number of them the State Historical So- 
cieties are supported at the public expense, like any 
other public department, while in others large sums 
are annually appropriated in aid of such societies, 
Wisconsin, for example, contributing yearly towards 
the support of its State Historical Society from twelve 
thousand to fourteen thousand dollars. 


During the past year three of our resident mem- 
bers have been removed by death : John Pitman 
Mumford, Henry Lippitt, a former governor of the 
State, and John Larkin Lincoln, the venerable senior 
professor of Brown University. The casualty list for 
the year also includes the names of Benson John 
Lossing, Lyman Copeland Draper, George Bancroft, 
and Jose Maria Latino Coelho. 

Benson John Lossing was elected a corresponding 
member of the Society April i, 1873. Among his 
numerous historical works the Pictorial Field Book 
of the Revolution is, perhaps, the best known ; and 
many of the youth of America have had their taste 
for the history of their country stimulated, if not first 
awakened, by the attractive pages of his interesting 

Lyman Copeland Draper was elected a correspond- 
ing member of the Society Nov. 10, 1874. This dis- 
tinguished antiquarian wrote and compiled many works 
during his life, and for a number of years he was the 
corresponding secretary of the Wisconsin Historical 
Society, and, at his death, its honorary secretary. 

George Bancroft was elected an honorarv member 
of the Society July 21, 1835, and his fame as the fore- 
most American historian of his time, has made his 
name a household word throughout the length and 
breadth of the land. 

Jose Maria Latino Coelho, of Lisbon, Portugal, was 
elected an honorary member of the Society, Oct. i % 
1S78, being then secretary of the Royal Academy of 
Sciences of that kingdom, and he has attained much 
distinction from his scientific attainments. 


The treasurer's report will furnish the detail of our 
finances, and it will be noted witji satisfaction that our 
permanent fund has been increased one thousand dol- 
lars by a legacy under the will of the late John Wil- 
son Smith. This Society has been fortunate in its 
treasurers. During its seventy years of existence the 
office has been held by but seven persons, namely: 
John Brown Francis, for two years; John Howland, 
for nine years; John R. Bartlett, for three years; 
Thomas Wilson Dorr, for six years ; George Baker, 
for twelve years; Welcome A. Greene, for thirteen 
years ; and Richmond P. Everett, the present incum- 
bent, for twenty-five years. Mr. Everett to-day com- 
pletes a quarter of a century of gratuitous care of the 
Society's funds, and the organization is under deep 
obligation to him for his long, careful, conservative, 
and eminently satisfactory administration of its finan- 
cial affairs. 

The report of the library committee will inform you 
of the growth of the department under their super- 
vision and of the numerous donations to the Society 
of books, pictures and other valuable articles, among 
the most noteworthy of which are the jacket worn by 
Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry in his great naval 
victory on Lake Erie, and the sword presented to him 
by the city of Albany. 

Several books relating to Rhode Island, or written 
by Rhode Island men, have been issued from the press 
during 1891. The admirable little volume ^entitled, 
"The Historv of Historical Writing in America," bv 
Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, should be read by every 
one having the least interest in American historv. 
Our secretary and librarian, the Hon. Amos Perry, 


has supplemented his interesting work on " Carthage 
tmd Tunis, Past and Present," by a sketch entitled 
''An Official Tour Along the Eastern Coast of the 
Regency of Tunis," which affords valuable informa- 
tion. on the geography and history of the country and 
the manners and customs of the people. The ap- 
pearance of this sketch is especially timely as north- 
ern Africa is now attracting such general attention. 
The indefatigable zeal of Mr. John O. Austin in all 
that relates to the genealogy of Rhode Island, has 
found further expression in a volume to which he has 
given the title of "The Ancestral Dictionary," and 
which contains ancestral charts of sixty-four persons 
of Rhode Island extraction. ' The genealogical stu- 
dent whose lines of research extend to this State, is 
under an obligation to Mr. Austin which can never 
be repaid. 

During the year fourteen meetings of the Society 
have been held, at ten of which valuable and interest- 
ing papers were read. The following is a list of the 
subjects and authors of those papers : 

i. Jan. 27, 1 89 1, " Pawtucket before Samuel Slater's 
Time, and Since," by Mr. Ansel D. Nickerson. 

2. Feb. 10, 1 891, " Rhode Island Boundary Dis- 
' . putes," by Mr. William E. Foster. 

3. Feb. 24, 1 89 1, " William Blake, Painter and 
Poet," by the Rt. Rev. Thomas M. Clark. 

4. March 10, 1S91, " Topographical Survey and 
Maps of Rhode Island," by Mr. David W. Hoyt. 
The subject of " Indian Names of Places in Rhode 
Island," was also informally-discussed by Mr. Thomas 
B. Stockwell. 


5. March 24, 1891, " WaymoutrTs Voyage to the 
Coast of Maine, in 1605," by the Rev. Dr. Henry S. 

6. Nov. 3, 1891, " Modern Historical Aims and 
Methods," by the Hon. George M. Carpenter. 

7. Nov. 17, 1S91, "A Commission on Public 
Records; its Work and its Possibilities," by Mr. 
Robert T. Swan, Massachusetts commissioner of pub- 
lic records of parishes, towns and counties. 

8. Dec. 1, 1S91, "The Italian Revolution, 1859- 
1871," by the Rev. Dr. William Chauncey Langdon. 

9. Dec. 15, 1891, " Roger Williams and William 
Harris, or the Controversy between the Proprietors 
and the Freeholders of Providence," by Mr. Henry C. 

10. Dec. 29, 1891, a continuation of the last paper, 
by Mr. Henry C. Dorr. • 

In addition to the meetings just mentioned the 
Society made an excursion to Salem on the third of 
last June for the purpose of visiting the numerous ob- 
jects of historic interest in that quaint old city. The 
party consisted of just one hundred ladies and gentle- 
men, and the day was one of pleasurable satisfaction, 
the kindly hospitality extended by the mayor of the 
city and the officers and members of the allied so- 
cieties forming the Essex Institute leaving nothing 
undone that would contribute to the enjoyment of the 
occasion. It was the unanimous verdict of the par- 
ticipants that the Salem visit was one of the most 
successful excursions the Society had ever made. 

On the 24th day of last January the president, ac- 
companied by the secretary and treasurer, attended 
the celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of 


the Massachusetts Historical Society, in Boston. 
The literary exercises of the occasion, at the Arling- 
ton Street Church, were of a very high order, consist- 
ing of addresses by the Rev. Dr. Ellis, president of 
the Society, and by the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, a 
former president, together with an extended oration 
by Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson. A recep- 
tion at the residence of Mr. Winthrop formed an 
exceedingly enjoyable feature of the arrangements, 
and the whole affair reflected much credit upon that 
venerable Society, the first of all the State Historical 
Societies to complete a full century of existence. 

The so-called march of improvement is rapidly 
sweeping away historic old buildings. Early in the 
year that has just drawn to a close, the ancient Sabin 
Tavern, at the corner of South Main and Planet streets, 
in this city, the rendezvous of the party that burned 
His Britannic Majesty's armed schooner Gaspce on 
that memorable night in 1772, was demolished. For- 
tunately the most interesting and historic room in the 
house has been preserved by Mr. William R. Talbot 
and added to his residence, the old Tavern estate hav- 
ing formerly been in the family of his wife for many 

Soon after the recommendation contained in my last 

annual address the city council of Providence elected 

three record commissioners from the members of this 

Society, namely, the president, the first vice-president, 

and Mr. Edward Field, clerk of the Municipal Court 

of this city, and it affords me pleasure to be able to 

state that the first printed volume edited by them is 

nearly through the press, and ere long will make its 




It is gratifying to note the increasing interest in 
everything relating to America since the close of the 
late civil war. Numerous societies for the prosecu- 
tion of historical research have been formed all over 
the land, and students seeking to throw light on ob- 
scure passages are pushing their inquiries in every 
direction. No State presents a more inviting field to 
the historian than Rhode Island. Its founding was 
utterly unlike that of any of the other States, either 
in the importance of its cardinal principle, or in the 
picturesqueness of its planting and growth. Her sons 
should never weary in striving to have the history of 
their little commonwealth properly understood and 
faithfully portrayed, for, as is too often the case with 
communities as well as men that take a stand not in 
accord with the views prevailing at the time, they are 
liable to be misconstrued, and the misconstructions of 
more than two centuries ago have in some cases left 
traces upon the descendants of those who were not in 
unison with our ancestors, and not infrequently color 
the writings of to-day. This coloring, though unin- 
tentional, is caused by misapprehension of the exact 
standpoint of our Rhode Island progenitors, and hence 
we who have breathed the atmosphere of the State 
and have imbibed and digested the traditions that have 
come down to us, should spare no effort to have others 
see the clear light of events as they appear to us. In 
this way the great authors of the country, whose 
works are read throughout the world, and who look for 
their material, in a measure, to local writers, will be- 
come imbued with a proper appreciation of the men 
and events of Rhode Island, and will aid in dissemi- 
nating views more in accord with our own feelings 
than is too often the case at present. 


It is pleasant to know that several works on Rhode 
Island subjects are .now in course of preparation, 
among them two biographies of Roger Williams, one 
by our fellow-member, Dr. Reuben A. Guild, and the 
other by the Hon. Oscar S. Straus, of New York, 
who was the United States minister to Turkey during 
the administration of President Cleveland. Our fellow- 
townsman, Mr. Sidney S. Rider, is now engaged on a 
history of the Dorr War, so-called, and of the causes 
thereof. No one has a more encyclopaedic knowledge 
of Rhode Island matters than Mr. Rider, and his col- 
lection of material on the subject in hand is unsur- 
passed, so that there can be no doubt that his work, 
when completed, will shed much light upon that not- 
able event. 

Two notes received by your president during the 
past year, in his efforts to disseminate what he be- 
lieves to be correct views of one passage in our his- 
tory, can hardly fail to interest you, though in sub- 
mitting them to you I beg you will excuse the non- 
omission of reference to myself, as it seemed prefer- 
able to give them entire rather than garble them for 
mere personal reasons. They were elicited by send- 
ing to the writers the publication of this Society, en- 
titled " Rhode Island's Adoption of the Federal Con- 
stitution." The first, from Prof. James Bryce, the 
distinguished member of Parliament for Aberdeen, 
and author of " The American Commonwealth," was 
written in Sweden, and is as follows : 

■Kalmar, Sept. 14, 1891. 
My Dear Sir : I thank you sincerely for your kindness in send- 
ing me your address on one of the most interesting periods ot Rhode 
Island history. As soon as I return to England 1 shall read it with 



great interest, having always felt a particular curiosity with regard 
to the annals of Rhode Island, a State which has seemed to me to 
offer a closer parallel than most of your States do to the republics 
of classical antiquity. If the remarks in my book upon Rhode 
Island appear to disparage that State I am sorry for it, for such was 
far from being my intention. Rhode Island has had a history full 
of variety and instruction, and as the State of Roger Williams she 
deserves special honor at the hands of those who prize religious free- 

Let me say further that I am very sensible of the compliment you 
pay me in desiring to furnish me with the means of correcting errors 
or deficiencies in my book, and I hope to profit by such means. Re- 
newing my thanks for your courtesy and for the good opinion you 
express of my book, 

I am very faithfully yours, 

James Bryce. 

The other note is from Prof. John Fiske, the cel- 
ebrated writer on American history, whose magnetic 
and attractive style fascinates every reader. He writes 
as follows: 

Cambridge, Dec. 21, 1891. 

Hon. Horatio Rogers : 

Dear Sir: Accept my sincere thanks for your very able pam- 
phlet, which I have read with much interest. It presents some points 
to which I shall be glad to give consideration. It is not my wisli in 
writing history to mete out praise and blame, so much as to trace 
causes and effects ; and here your paper will be of much use to me. 
I hope some time to return to the subject of Rhode Island in connec- 
tion with the history of Washington's administration, and also in a 
volume on New England in the Eighteenth Century — planned, but 
when to be written the Lord only knows. 

With kind regards, 

Faithfully yours, 

John Fiske. 


There are such ample opportunities for local stu- 
dents to throw light upon our history, so many un- 
worked mines of the richest material, that I cannot 
forbear calling attention to one or two of them in the 
hope that persons with antiquarian tastes may pros- 
ecute work in those directions. Especially are court 
and town records of two centuries ago replete with in- 
formation of the manners and customs of the times. 
The court proceedings show us how crude were the 
notions of our forefathers on what seem to us the 
most rudimentary and fundamental ideas of law and 
justice. The estates of accused persons were se- 
questered before conviction, and persons acquitted by 
juries on charges of crime, were, nevertheless, sen- 
tenced to banishment and mulcted in costs ; and upon 
one occasion, at least, a person found guilty on an in- 
dictment which was adjudged by the court to charge 
no punishable offence, was continued in imprison- 
ment and in chains, to see if the General Assembly 
would not pass an ex post facto law by which he could 
be punished. 

But this address must be brought to a close. I have 
adverted to the old records and the opportunity for 
research within their covers, in the hope of inducing 
some of our members with leisure at their disposal to 
explore their pages and bring to light the treasures 
therein contained. The fame of our State and the 
character of our ancestors are precious legacies which 
we of this Society should do all in our power to il- 
lumine in our day, and to hand down with honor to 




The Committee upon " Building and Grounds " of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society, respectfully re- 
port that they have approved of the following-named 
bills for the past year, namely: 

Jan. 21. 
May 4. 


July 2. 

Oct. 16. 


Dec. 22. 

Jan. 1. 

City of Providence, water 
Henry W. Goff, 
Rhode Island Concrete Co., 
W. S. Hogg, . 
C. L. Richards, 
Rhode Island Concrete C 
Burdick Brothers, . 

W. S. Hogg, . 

tax, . 

$10 00 

3 77 

0., . 

23 00 

16 16 

57 45 

22 05 

1 85 

2 75 


16 16 




$153 19 

Commit tec. 



The Committee on the Library, on this seventieth 
annual meeting of the Society, respectfully report: 

That the Library has been open during the year, 
Mr. Amos Perry, secretary of the Society, being the 

In accordance with the policy of the Society, pending 
the construction of the new Cabinet, the number of 
books purchased during the past year has been small, 
and confined to such as seemed indispensable in its 
present condition. 

The accessions to the Library of the Society dur- 
ing the year have been : 

Bound Volumes, .... 292 

Unbound Volumes, . . M53 

• .Miscellaneous, .... 264 

Total, . . . . 1,709 

The expenditures of the Committee for the year 
on the Library, have been : 

For Books and Periodicals, . $64 97 
For Binding, .... 102 00 

For Insurance and Miscellaneous, 2 03 

$169 00 




The Portrait Gallery, twenty-seven feet square, with its domed 
ceiling and skylight in the roof, has fulfilled the highest expectations 
of the Society. The portraits were hung, and the gallery lighted 
and opened for members and visitors for the first time on the 3d of 
November last, at the first lecture of the season, with much enthu- 
siasm on the part of those then present. It is remarkably well 
lighted, both by day and night, and admirably fitted for the display 
of the portraits and other paintings. 

The principal accessions to the gallery during the year have been 
the large and impressive portraits of the last colonial governor, Jo- 
seph Wanton, and his beautiful wife, sent -ns by Edward Perry 
Warren, of Sussex, England ; and the brillliant painting (by Lin- 
coln) of Col. Charles D. Jillson, a late member of the Society, in 
the uniform of the United Train of Artillery, presented by his father, 
Esek A. Jillson, of this city, a warm friend of the Society.. 


To this hall have been already transferred most of the miscella- 
neous engravings — portraits, caricatures, etc., which are of much 
interest and value, with facilities for hanging them. This room 
has also been assigned for the miscellaneous collection of antiquities 
and curiosities, which have been accumulating for so many years. 
These, it is proposed to arrange, as far as may be, in historical se- 
quence, placing at the rear of the hall the Indian relics, imple- 
ments, and monuments, then those of the earliest colonial days, and 
so coming clown gradually to the present time. Such a chronological 
series would exhibit the changes and progress of construction and of 
art, in their various forms, from one generation to another. With 
such a classification, each new contribution should readily fall into 
its special place and order, and the whole form an interesting exhibit, 
which would, in a measure, compel and reward the attention of the 


Pursuant to the vote of the Society, and with the approval of the 
heirs of Commodore Perry, required by that vote, your committee 
have procured a large and fire-proof safe for the preservation of his 
sword and valuable relics. Such a safe was also needed as a pro- 
tection for other valuable gifts, as well as manuscripts and volumes, 
which can never be replaced. 


On this point, also, Mr. Oliver H. Perry, who represents Com- 
modore Perry's heirs, wrote*: " If you secure a safe, I think you 
will find many valuable. donations will be made to the Society." Mr. 
0. H. Perry has also expressed himself satisfied with the action of 
the Society, and Mrs. Mary H. Perry, widow of a son of Commo- 
dore Perry, has sent us the beautiful sword, with a silver scabbard, 
presented to Commodore Perry by the city of Albany, after the bat- 
tle of Lake Erie, and the " sailor's blue jacket," worn by Com- 
modore Perry himself during that battle. 

The protrait of Commodore Perry, above the safe, is framed in 
the oak of his flag-ship, " Lawrence." 


The shelving of the new Cabinet, absolutely required by the ex- 
isting conditions of your Library, was completed only in December 
of the year just closed. 

The time has now arrived for a systematic separation, distribution 
and classification of all its volumes. A commencement has been 
made and carried through in the newspaper department, the results 
of which are very satisfactory. The work of separation has been 
begun in other departments. 

More than the regular annual appropriation has been required and 
expended for binding and preserving volumes, almost exclusively 
newspapers, exposed to destruction, and which could only, at large 
expense, if at all, have been replaced in case of loss. Among these 
are fifty-one volumes of the Newport Mercury (the oldest newspaper 
of the State) covering sixty years of its publication. 


The third floor, east side, has been assigned to the newspaper de- 

This valuable collection of newspapers, containing 1,606 volumes, 
which, bound and unbound, some in cases and others in piles, were 
scattered over every vacant space of the old Cabinet, from cellar floor 
to the roof, have been newly arranged. They have also been so sep- 
arated and classified chronologically, as well as according to their 
places of publication, that reference to any desired set or series of 
papers, may be easily made. Ample room is also left on the shelves 
for future issues of all Rhode Island papers for many years to come. 



In the old building the newspaper cases occupied about 120 square 
feet of floor space, while in the new they have some 800 square feet 
of floor space. 

Though to a certain extent any arrangement must be controlled by 
the construction of the building, and the variety of the collection : 
and, though an absolute order of time in arrangement is often set 
at defiance by overlapping dates of partially contemporaneous papers, 
still, it has been found practicable, in the main, to arrange them ac- 
cording to the respective dates of their origin, and to separate those 
published in different localities, so as to give easy access to any par- 
ticular series. At the same time a complete record of the volumes 
on the shelves has been made, and the material procured and put on 
paper for a full catalogue of the newspaper collection, to be made 

The system of shelving adopted in the new cabinet is the same as 
that of the new library of Yale University, which seems more simple, 
economical, and readily varied, than any other which has yet ap- 
peared. Still, much work of minor detail remains to be done here, 
in properly marking the various sections and many of the older 
volumes ; renewing the titles and numbers, obliterated by time and 

As the newspaper department is the only one in which the re- 
organization is practically complete, it is important briefly to refer 
to it. 

Its general arrangement is as follows : The book-cases are divided 
into sections. The oldest paper in the State, the Newport Mercury, 
dating from 1758, comes first, on the left hand upper shelf of the 
west wall, tit the head of the staircase. It is followed by the New- 
port Daily News and other newspapers of Newport County. The 
remainder of the west wall, as well as the north wall, are assigned 
to the other newspapers published in the State and outside of Provi- 
dence. Bound duplicates occupy the lower and otherwise vacant 
shelves of the north, or first alcove. 

The north side of the second alcove begins at the upper left hand 
corner with the Providence Gazette of 1762, and embraces all the 
Gazettes, and the other papers, which, in the course of succes- 
sion and absorption by the leading Journal, bore the name G 
on the title page, (whether witli or without other titles). Com- 
mencing in 17G2, it extends to 1832 (a period of seventy years) and 
immediately following in order comes the ProVtdenet Daily Journal 




f.»r 1833 (the first hound volume of that paper in our possession), 
n!i<l the remaining volumes of that series continue under the same 
name down to the present time. 

This Gazette and Journal series covers the period from 1702 to 
1892, one hundred and thirty years, and constitutes a continuous 
chronological record from the birth of the first Providence news- 
paper to the present year. In fact, including the weekly and semi- 
weekly Journals and the evening papers issued during the same 
period, from the same office and the same editorial hands, this 
record fills move than three hundred well bound volumes. The early 
origin, the continuity, the magnitude and high authority of this se- 
ries of papers, demand that it shall be treated as a unit, and make 
it a constant object of examination, reference and consultation, both 
by our own citizens and those of other States. 

As now arranged and separated, any one of these volumes can, 
with the greatest facility be reached and its contents ascertained. 

Next to this series come other Providence papers, of later origin 
than the Gazette, in tne order of their respective births ; many of 
the papers of high ability and general interest. 

The third alcove contains papers of later origin and less duration 
than the Journal ; the variety corresponding somewhat to the indi- 
viduality commonly ascribed to Rhode Island character and politics. 

On the shelves of the last case (to be eveutually a part of the 
fourth alcove), are provisionally arranged various newspapers, pub- 
lished outside of the State of Rhode Island, among which will be 
found valuable volumes of the Pennsylvania Journal, of 1701-1771 ; 
the Maryland Journal, of 1 773-84-87 and '91 ; the Virginia Jour- 
nal, of 1785'; the National Intelligencer, of Washington, 10 volumes ; 
the New York Journal of Commerce, the Massachusetts Centinel, of 
1790; the Boston Journal, of 1857-02 ; the New York World, etc., 
etc., and a complete set of the Liberator. 

The arrangement of papers is such, with regard to future issues 
that their relative location can be maintained for an indefinite period 
'•t time. 

The total number of volumes now in this department is 1,000. 

A large table and counter in front of the alcoves allows a number 
'I the largest volumes to be spread open and consulted at the same 
:i «ne. Beneath is ample room, arranged for shelves, where unbound 
papers can be safely kept till ready for the bindery. 



With regard to the other rooms of the Library : 

1. The first floor, east side, has been designated for the Eastern 
States, exclusive of Rhode Island. 

2. The first floor, west side, for the other States and Territories 
of the United States. 

3. The second floor, west side, for the general publications of 
the United States government. 

4. The front room, same floor, for United States Scientific and 
Smithsonian Publications. 

ft. The front room, second floor, east side, for class and text- 
books, etc. 

6. The second floor, east side, for the general library of mis- 
cellaneous and foreign works, not relating to America. 

7. The audience room, or main hall, is to retain all works relat- 
ing especially to Rhode Island, and, so far as space may admit, select 
volumes and the works proper to a library of reference. 

8. An ample room in the basement, dry, airy and well lighted. 
provides admirably for the proceedings, collections and "duplicates" 
of the Society. 

9. The gallery is appropriated for the large and valuable collec- 
tion of pamphlets, etc., etc. 

10. The third floor, east, to newspapers, as before stated. 

11. The southeast corner room of the Cabinet has been assigned 
to the librarian. 

12. The destination of the remaining rooms will be determined 
by the future requirements of the Society. 

The full capacity of the building is about 50,000 volumes, wit 1 .. 
easy access to all. 

The new shelving of the Cabinet, as at present erected, is fully 
sufficient for 20,000 volumes (corresponding in average size to those 
of the Brown University library) and including the newspaper de- 
partment, while at an expense of about $750.00, (on double alcove 
cases), full shelving for 20,000 more volumes can be procured. 

The architectural separation of the Cabinet into ten or more 
tinct rooms, or halls, forces on the library, for its great primary di- 
visions, a fixed location ; but admits a relative location tor the sec- 
ondary divisions. 

The primary divisions are so distinct that they readily fall into the 


ten principal halls, or rooms, which have been designated for them 
as above described. 

They all lend themselves naturally to a classification suited to our 
needs, and while many (especially the old) libraries, retain a fixed 
location for the whole, or a limited portion of their volumes, still the 
more modern institutions express a want of satisfaction with the old, 
and are putting themselves in line with the new, at least so far as a 
decimal system is concerned. This seems to be a coming necessity 
as libraries become extensive, and the inconveniences of a fixed loca- 
tion of minor classes increase. 

So far as classification has gone forward to completion in the Cab- 
inet — that is, in the newspaper department — the different journals of 
this city, of this State, and of other States have, in the hall on the 
third floor, east side, a common and fixed location. But within this 
hall, not only are these three classes separated from each other, but 
the various series of volumes issued as independent papers either in 
city or country, are separated, and journals published out of the 
State are separated from those published within the State. Then, 
too, the journals of one town, or county, and the city papers are 
separated, as between themselves, from one another. 

With all this, ample space has also been provided for the annual 
growth of each, for an indefinite period, without disturbing their rel- 
ative position toward each other. That the volumes of any one 
journal, or series of journals, should never be separated from one 
another by intervening volumes of another set, or series of journals, 
seems a simple and obvious principle. If we take up almost any 
other of the great primary divisions of the Cabinet, we find the 
same principle or system is demanded. 

On the lower floor, allotted to the States of the Union, the nat- 
ural lines of division are generally as clear as those of the States, 
and it would seem intolerable that volumes relating to Massachusetts 
should be divided from one another by volumes relating to Vermont, 
or New Hampshire ; or that historical volumes of New York should 
he separated by intervening volumes of New Jersey history. We 
can hardly think that auy scholar, or student of history, would fail 
to say that all volumes relating to each particular State should be 
kept together, side by side, at all times, in an order unbroken by 
foreign volumes, both for the convenience of consultation and greater 
ease of administration by the Librarian. 


The same principle applies to the United States and Smithsonian 
divisions ; War Department volumes are not to be mixed with those 
of Agriculture, nor'those of the Navy with those of the Indian De- 
partment, and so as to others. 

In this United States and Smithsonian department, the volumes in 
each department of science must be classified and brought together 
bv themselves. The natural lines of division here also are verv strong. 
The '• Duplicate" department and "Class and Text-Books " stand 
on the same ground. 

With the space at the command of the Society, ample provision 
can be made for the annual increase in the several departments with- 
out disturbing the relations of one class to another. 

When this is done, you will have a fixed location as to the great 
divisions, and a relative location as to the minor divisions. This is 
but a simple and practical response to the demands of the building 
itself and an advancing science. 

The committee, after much investigation and study, recommend 
this as the simplest system that can, in this" building, adapt an old 
library, limited and fragmentary in its collections, to the needs and 
uses of more books and larger circles of readers. Much of the 
classification adopted would be substantially similar under any pos- 
sible system. 

Further than this, the system herein advised keeps our arrange- 
ment open and elastic, so that the library can advance on any lines of 
development — lines which no one can exactly foresee to-day. 

If, then, your library is to be put and kept abreast of the times. 
and move forward in the line of progress which the activity and in- 
terest in library science has developed, the work of classification is 
not to be left to chance, or accident, but is to be carefully considers 1 
and studiously performed, so that the volumes of each class, shall, in 
their special division, stand distinct and clear before all students o\ 
history and all who have occasion to consult their pages. 

This is the more imperative, because in no department of library 
science have greater demands, greater study, or greater progress bee:. 
made, of late years, than in the science and system of classification. 

As the time and space allotted for this report does not permit an 
enumeration here of all the volumes and other gifts presented to the 
Society, it is proposed to print a list in . the Proceedings as an ap- 
pendix hereto. 


Of a number of the volumes presented, some special notice seems 
to be required. 


From Jesse Metcalf, the Society has received a collection of six 
valuable manuscript Revolutionary volumes, beautifully bound, five 
of which are orderly books of various officers in the Revolutionary 
war. as follows, namely : 

1. Orderly book of Christopher Lippitt's regiment, operating near 
New York, 13th March, 2d November, 177G. 

2. Orderly book, Sullivan's army, 1778-9. 

3. Returns of Captain Carlisle's company of Robert Elliott's reg- 
iment of artillery, 16th March — 16th July, 1778. 

4. Regimental orderly book of the Rhode Island Army of Ob- 
servation, under command of Col. Daniel Hitchcock, at Prospect 
Hill, near Boston, Mass., 31st May — 2Sth September, 1775. 

5. Orderly book of a portion of the American army, in camp at 
Prospect Hill, near Boston, Mass., 31st July— 29th September, 1775. 

6. A diary of Major Daniel Lyman (a Connecticut officer), 
1780; with classical and statistical notes, frequent descriptions of 
social life at that date, and some notice of events of the Revolution. 

To Charles H. Denison, of Brooklyn, N. Y., we are indebted for 
the gift of a large number of ancient legislative schedules, and a re- 
markable collection of Rhode Island colonial money. 

The family of the late Zachariah Allen has presented to the Society 
the orderly book of Glover's brigade (Sullivan's army) or "Gen- 
eral Orders from October 23d, 1778, to 9th of May, 1779, wrote by 
James Sumner, Jr." An inscription on the title page states that 
"this record of general orders was given by Col. Ephraim Bo wen, 
of the Revolutionary Army, to Zachariah Allen." 

The record is very clearly arranged, and well written, on stout 
paper, letter size, with a heavy browu paper cover. It was orig- 
inally a book of about 190 pages, from which, at the present time, 
twenty pages are missing. Twelve of these evidently covered the 
orders from the 7th to 23d of January, 1779, inclusive, and four, 
apparently, those from 1st of March to 9th of May, 1779, inclusive. 
In all other respects it has been admirably preserved. The first or- 
der, 23d of October, 1778, promotes, on the report of Colonel Lau- 
rens and Colonel Fleury, Aaron Man to the rank of captain ; Sergt. 
Levi Hoppin, to the rank of lieutenant ; Sergt. George Porter, to 



the rank of second lieutenant ; and Sergt. John Westcott to the rank 
of. ensigu, for gallant behavior (in covering the retreat after the bat- 
tle of Rhode Island). 

Arnold says (Hist. R. I., I. 421,) that two Continental brigades, 
Varnurri's aud Glover's, were sent east and arrived at Rhode Island 
on the 3d of August, 1778. This was only one week before Gen- 
eral Sullivan crossed from Tiverton to Rhode Island, the battle of 
Rhode Island being fought on the 29th. It also appears (Essex: In- 
stitute, V. 119-131,) that Glover was ordered to recruit his brigade 
in the east, which he did in Boston, Salem and Marblehead. 

The Boston " Independent Company" and the " Salem Volun- 
teers" enlisted for a very limited period. The Boston company re- 
turned home the day before the battle, its term having expired. 
While Glover doubtless secured some good men, there was little 
time for discrimination and a more than ordinary share of hard or 
worthless characters seem to have fallen to his lot. It is difficult to 
account for the disorderly and mutinous conduct he had to contend 
with among his soldiers in Providence, subsequent to the battle, ex- 
cept as arising from raw, hastily collected and wholly undisciplined 
recruits. He was an able and devoted officer and enjoyed the per- 
sonal esteem of Washington. On the night of Christmas, 1776, he 
had volunteered with his brigade, largely men of Marblehead, and 
had ferried Washington and his army across the Delaware, in the 
midst of snow, sleet and floating ice. He had also brought back 
Sullivau's army from Rhode Islaud to Tiverton, across the Seacon- 
net river ; and, in 1779, after thearmy had gone into winter quarters, 
his brigade remained in the field, on the east side of the Hudson 
river, on the 25th of November, U with 800 men, without either 
shoe or stocking." * 

From the adjutant-general of the State of Connecticut we have 
received the Record of Connecticut Men in the War of the Revolu- 
tion, the War of 1812, and the War with Jlexico. Compiled by 
authority of the General Assembly, 1889. This is a very remark- 
able volume of nearly 1,000 pages, quarto size. The records of the 

* Essex Institute V. 160. 

NOTE.— In a letter to General Lincoln, 17 March, 1753, General Glover says : «• I thank 
God my present poverty cannot bo charged to idleness or extravagance ; it arose from an 
Anient Zeale to serve my country, which I have done for Seven LoJftg years to the lust o( 
my abilities, the Last five of which I have not received but barely three months' pay."— 
Autograph Xo. S08, Libbte's Cut., p. 58, Boston, 1$:>J. 


Revolutionary soldiers fill 779 pages ; those of the War of 1812, 
1C9 pages ; and those of the War with Mexico, 11 pages. 

The number of separate^ names in the Revolutionary lists reaches 
a total of twenty-seveu thousand eight hundred and twenty-three 
(27,823). In numerous cases the same name represents several in- 
dividuals. A complete record would embrace several thousand in 
addition to the above, so that thirty thousand (30,000) is only a 
reasonable estimate for the total number. 

One of the most remarkable exhibits relates to the volunteering of 
the Connecticut colonists immediately on the Lexington alarm (April 
19, 1775). A letter from Wethersfield, written only four days af- 
ter, says : " We equipped from this town yesterday (the 22d, only 
three days after the Lexington fight) one hundred young men, vol- 
unteers, well armed and in high spirits, with twenty-days' provisions 
and sixty-four (64) rounds per man. We shall by night have sev- 
eral thousand from this colony on their march." In fact the Con- 
necticut volunteers who marched to the relief of Boston from forty- 
eight towns and other places, nearly all of the central and eastern 
counties, amounted to about four thousand in number, and were the 
flower of the Connecticut troops, as well as the most completely 
armed. They were a representative body, largely descendants of the 
original settlers, and including all the professions and classes in the 
community. After the Lexington alarm, the State raised eight reg- 
iments, adopted as ''Continental," to serve to the end of 1775. 
She furnished eight regiments for 1776, and eight more, with a 
large additional quota for the three years' term from 1777 to 1781. 
From 1781 to 1783, the number of regiments was reduced by con- 

The number of officers and soldiers that entered the Continental 
service (as distinguished from the State militia service) from Con- 
necticut, during the war, may be placed at about 15,000. 

It thus appears that out of an entire population of about 220,000 
souls, there were 30,000 officers and soldiers raised by Connecticut 
in the Revolutionary war, one-half at least of whom entered the 
Continental Line and served outside of the State and under Wash- 
ington's immediate command. 

An equal number of State troops, or militia, defended the borders 
of the colony, exposed on three sides to attack from British land and 
naval forces, and sudden forays, like those against Daubury, Fair- 


field, New Haven and New London. In brief, from the Trumbull 
correspondence, from the calls for temporary service, and from the 
town and militia lists, it appears that, barring a small Loyalist el- 
ement on the borders of New York, nearly every able-bodied man 
in Connecticut rendered, or was enrolled as notified and prepared to 
render some kind of service during the Revolutionary war. 

Regarded as one of the four strong States, Connecticut ranked in ca- 
pacity next to Massachusetts, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. It is 
also in evidence that the capture of Ticonderoga was projected 
by some of the principal gentlemen of the Assembly at Hartford, on 
Friday, April 28, 1775, in order to secure the cannon there, " to re- 
lieve the people of Boston." The expedition was made (as stated 
by Col. Ethan Allen) " by the order of the General Assembly of 
the Colony of Connecticut," the money for it raised on the indi- 
vidual notes of a few of her patriotic citizens, and within twelve 
days the fort at Ticonderoga with all its guns and military stores, 
was in the possession of Connecticut. 

In response to such a record Rhode Island is loudly called on to 
take up this subject, and cause a similar record to be made of her 
soldiers and sailors, the heroes of her colonial days. It is time for 
her to shake off the reproach of indifference to the truth of her own 
history, and of having too long suffered her advanced aims and prin- 
ciples, in the matters of State as well as religion, to be obscured and 
misrepresented by men whose political or religious aspirations would 
have been compromised by their adoption. Let her record in that 
great struggle be made plain. It should be known what suffering 

Note.— In November, 1777, Congress " earnestly recommended" a levy of $5,000,000 

by the respective States. " The proportions " assigned to these four States and a few- 
others, were as follows, namely: 

Massachusetts Bay, $$20,000 

Connecticut 600,000 

Pennsylvania, . 880,000 

Virginia SOO.OOO 


New York, $200.0iV 

New Hampshire, ......... 800,000 

Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, ...... 100,000 

— B. Coicell, Spirit of '76% pp. 142-3. 

Notk.— "The Americans gained with the fortress nearly fifty prisoners, more than BM 
hundn d pieces of cannon, one thirteen-ineh mortar, and a number ot swivel*, stores tad 
small arms."— Bancroft, V. .$'., VII., 840, 


she endured as an invaded territory: — a large portion of her citizens 
driven from their homes ; Newport, her largest town, and the most 
fruitful portion of her territory, in the hands of the enemy; her no- 
ble bay possessed by hostile fleets, and the commerce by which she 
subsisted crushed out by an impassable blockade. There should be 
shown, also, her unswerving loyalty throughout the war to those 
neighboring colonies, who had refused her any association with their 
own early Union of " the United Colonies," had treated her as an 
outlaw, invaded her territory, levied war against her, denied her 
ammunition while they sold it to the savages around her, and threat- 
ened her very existence for so many years. 

From William L. Stone, of New York, we have received a volume 
entitled Revolutionary Letters. A limited edition in quarto form of 
269 pages. The letters are those of Brunswick and Hessian officers 
during the American Revolution, translated by William L. Stone, 
the donor, with one valuable letter from Baron Steuben, major-gen- 
eral in the Continental army. The letters contain .much new and 
valuable information relating to places and persons of prominence, 
with graphic descriptions of the Continentals and militia, and by far 
the best narrative, by an eye witness, of the battle of Saratoga, 
which has yet appeared. Two of the letters are written from Rhode 
Island, one just after the battle at Quaker Hill. 

One officer writes from Boston that "the French and the Amer- 
icans do not at all like each other," and Baron Steuben says : l * Six 
foreign officers cause me more trouble than two hundred American 
ones," and " I am always nervous and apprehensive when a baron 
or marquis announces himself." 

By another officer the surrender of Burgoyne's army is described. 
He says : " All the (American) regiments, as well as the artillery, 
were standing under arms. Not a man of them was regularly 
equipped. Each one had on the clothes he was accustomed to wear 
in the field, the tavern, the church, and in every day life. No fault, 
however, could be found with their military appearance, for they 
stood in an erect and soldierly attitude. They remained so perfectly 
quiet that we were utterly astonished. Not one of them attempted 
to speak to the man at his side. All were so slender, tine looking, 
and sinewy, that it was a pleasure to look at them. Nor could we 
but wonder that Dame Nature had created such a handsome race. 
The men of America are far ahead of those in the greater portion 


of Europe, both as respects their beauty and stature. Seriously 
speaking, this entire nation has great military talent. Not a man 
among them ridiculed, or insulted us, as we marched by." 

What nobler tribute could an enemy and an officer pay to the ap- 
pearance, the discipline, self-respect aud self-control of the best sol- 
diers of any nation. And these statements being reliable, what did 
it matter if it were true, as the St. James Chronicle said, that 
'• there were not three good coats, jackets, or breeches, in the whole 
American army." 

The author also pays a high .tribute to the president of this So- 
ciety for his able work in editing Haddeits Journal, and adds that 
his writings cannot be too highly valued by the historical student. 

From James Mifflin we have received Memoranda Relating to the 
Mifflin Family, by John Houston Merrill. Printed for private dis- 
tribution. This is an octavo volume of nearly one hundred pages, 
whose object is to preserve in convenient and durable shape, infor- 
mation of value, relating to this old and prominent family. While 
not a genealogy, it has a large amount of genealogical information. 
Copies of valuable records and letters are inserted and many anec- 
dotes are given of a personal, social and military character, at the 
period of the Revolution. We learn from a letter to Mrs. Mifflin, 
that on New Year's day, 1776, they could have no organ music in the 
church at Cambridge, because the organ pipes had been cast in:o 
bullets for the American soldiers in the battle of Hunker; Hill. 

It also appears that General Mifflin, who wore a heavy military 
coat, buttoned up to the chin, when dining with Mrs. Livingstone. 
in New York, on a very hot day, was asked by her why he did no: 
unbutton his coat. As he merely bowed in reply, she said, k * I sup- 
pose some new army regulation." At last, in a ludicrous manner. 
he said, " Madam, I cannot do it, I have no shirt on, and have been 
without one for weeks. (There were no cotton shirts then.) We 
gave up our linen for the wounded soldiers, and I do not believe 
there is an officer at the table who has a shirt on." 

From James Junius Goodwin, the Society has received a voluim 1 
of some eight hundred pages, entitled The Goodwins 0/ Ha\ 
Connecticut. Descendants of William and Ozias Goodwin. Hart- 
ford: 1891. 

William Goodwin, who had also a brother Ozia>. was one of the 
little band which arrived at Boston, from England, in the ship Li . 


on the 16th of September, 1G33. " We learn from the volume that 
this body of settlers, immediately after they landed, were designated 
as the k ' Braintree Company," or " Mr. Hooker's Company " — that 
is, they had a common sympathy with the views and opinions of the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker, and by his advice had placed the wide Atlan- 
tic between themselves and the home of their fathers. The Good- 
wins have been generally men of substance, of exceptional ability, 
and force of character. Their posterity has prospered, and lineal 
descendants of Ozias Goodwin still reside at Hartford, and retain the 
confidence and esteem of all in the city which their ancestors helped 
to found. 

From "William Wallace Tooker the Society has received a volume 
of addresses delivered at the celebration of the 250th anniversary of 
the settlement of the village and town of Southampton, Long Island. 
June 12, 1890. 1640-1890. 105 pp., 8vo. Sag Harbor, N. Y. : 
John H. Hunt, publisher. 

From Nicholas Ball, of Block Island, has beeii received The 
Pioneers of '49, a history of the excursion of the Society of Cali- 
fornia Pioneers of New England, from Boston to the leading cities 
of the Golden Gate. April 10-May 17, 1890; a volume of nearly 
three hundred pages, illustrated with more than one hundred fine 

This is a work of much interest, full of reminiscences of the 
early days of California gold discovery, and of interesting descrip- 
tion and lively anecdotes of those ,exeiting times. The prospecting 
and mining for gold; the wonderful rush of humanity in every 
form to this land of promise ; the sad and tragic fate of emigrants 
overwhelmed by blizzards, or in the desert, and left to die upon the 
trail, while the story of the members who perished in the parched 
sands and. dust of the alkali wastes, are told in a manner to move 
the hardest heart. The success of some, the disappointment of 
most ; the hordes of villains who rushed to San Francisco from the 
penal settlements of New South Wales, are all vividly described, as 
well as the condign punishment inflicted by the "Vigilance Commit- 
tee," that strange and vigorous offspring of the Common Law, which 
seems ordained of heaven, to faithfully try, judge and summarily 
punish crime, in that last necessity when the regular ministry of law 
is crushed and broken down by criminals themselves : — i% Solus populi 
suprema lex." Were it not thus justified, it would, as Mr. Ball says, 


indeed be " strange that the Vigilance leaders, especially of 1856, 
lived such exemplary "lives and are held in such universal honor and 
esteem, while in almost exact proportion to the prominence of a man 
in the so-called 4 Law and Order party,' has proved the darkness 
of his. subsequent fate." 

The Chinese question is very ably treated, and the various forms 
of agriculture (which is now more conspicuous than the mining in- 
dustries of the State) receive an interesting notice. 

An attractive description is also given of the Stanford University, 
and the magnificent endowment in estates of over 83,000 acres of 
the best land of California, appropriated for its support and develop- 

From J. O. Austin the Society has received his Ancestral Dic- 
tionary, just published, in octavo size, in which he has tabulated 
the pedigree, for three generations, of sixty-four persons, nearly all 
of them Rhode Islanders. The work in all its parts seems to bear 
the stamp of accuracy and clearness which so distinguishes all the 
work of Mr. Austin, and blank tables are left at the end of the vol- 
ume, which can be filled with the names of the members of any 
other family. 

From Charles Carlton Coffin has been received the Souvenir of 
the 24th National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
This is a beautiful quarto volume of 300 pages. It is prefaced by a 
beautiful portrait of Charles Devens, late commander-in-chief of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and a worthy dedication to his mem- 
ory. It contains more than eighty illustrations, with several me- 
morials to prominent officers, and an excellent likeness of Gen. W. 
T. Sherman, with a tribute to his memory, closes the volume. 

About twenty pages are given to the " Camp-tire of the Woman's 
Relief Corps," with numerous portraits and remarks by various 
persons of prominence, among which is the statement of Julia Ward 
Howe, that the ;; Battle Hymn of the Republic" was the result of 
the first of the many visits she made to the soldiers in their camps. 

From Francis I. Sessions has been received Jlaterials for a His- 
tory of the Sessions Family in America^ a handsome genealogical 
volume of 25*2 pages, with many portraits and local illustrations. 
The appendix contains many interesting anecdotes of early Now 
England life and biographical sketches of various members of tin' 


An Official Tour Along the Eastern Coast of the Regency of Tunis, 
has been presented by Mr. Amos Perry, late consul at Tunis. This 
is an interesting volume of about one hundred pages, and virtually a 
supplement to the valuable work on Tunis published by Mr. Perry 
a number of years ago. 

It completes his survey of the regency, its population, resources, 
and of the habits and customs of its people, in a lively manner, and is 
illustrated by twenty engravings, mostly of persons with whom the 
author was closely associated in official duties and dignities. 

A correspondence maintained with Tunis, since lie left the Consulate, 
has enabled the author to present the main features of the changes 
which have occurred in the regency during this generation, most of 
which he is said to have foreseen, and which resulted in the estab- 
lishment of a French protectorate over the country in 1882. 

From Hezekiah Conant we have received A History and Genealogy 
of the Conant Family, an octavo of 640 pages, privately printed, at 
Portland. This is an elaborate work, illustrated with many por- 
traits and photogravure fac-similies of ancient manuscripts and sig- 
natures. It also contains numerous biographical sketches, among 
which is an interesting one of the giver of the volume, the head of 
the Conant Thread Company, a member of and a willing contributor 
to this Society, as well as a large benefactor of the town of Dudley, 
in Massachusetts. 

Horatio Rogers, president of the Society, has presented to your 
library : 

1. The Assault on Stony Point, by Gen. Anthony Wayne. July 
16, 1779. A large octavo of 156 pages, with numerous maps, fac- 
similies, and illustrative notes. 

2. Jfelvin's Journal. A journal of the expedition to Quebec, in 
the year 1775, under the command of Col. Benedict Arnold, by 
James Melvin, a private in Captain Dearborn's company. Large 
8vo, 30 pp. Illustrated with several portraits of general and other 

3. Penhalloxus Indian Wars, with an appeudix, in which is re- 
printed Lion Gardener's Pequot Wars. Small 4to, pp. 174. 

4. Dt Tries' Voyages from Holland to America, by David Peter- 
son De Vries. Translated from the Dutch by Henry C. Murphy. 
Large 4to of 200 pages. 

5. The Olden Time in New York, by a member of the New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Society. Large 8vo, 1872. 



6. Washington in Domestic Life, from original letters and manu- 
scripts, by Richard Rush. 8vo,.pp. 85, 1857. 

7. Oldmixon's America. 2 vols., small 8vo. London : 1741. 

8. TheCaptors of Major Andre, by Egbert Benson, 8 vo, 1865,84 pp. 
. 9. Catlin's American Indians. 2 vols., large 8vo. Amply illus- 
trated. London : 1850. 

10. The History of Women, from the Earliest Antiquity to the 
Present Time, u giving some account of almost every interesting par- 
ticular concerning that sex," by William Alexander, M. D. Large 
4to. Two volumes in one. London: 1779. 

In regard to this work, the only recourse of an inquirer as to 
" every interesting particular concerning that sex." must be to the 
volume itself. 

We cannot close without reference to one other work procured for 
the library : 

The Genesis of the United States, by Alexander Brown, with 100 
portraits, maps and plans, in two volumes of 1,151 pages. River- 
side Press, 1891. This is a " Narrative of the Movement in Eng- 
land, 1605-1616, which resulted in the plantation of North America 
by Englishmen. It discloses many details of the protracted contest 
between England and Spain for the possession of the soil now occu- 
pied by the United States of America. It sets them forth through 
a series of historical manuscripts now first printed and corroborates 
them by a reissue of contemporaneous tracts, accompanied by bib- 
liographical memoranda, notes, and brief biographies." 

Perhaps the most striking feature of this whole history is the rev- 
elation made of the real position and policy of Spain during this in- 
cubating stage of North American colonization. It shows, her steady 
purpose of unrelenting hostility, and her avowed readiness and plans 
to sweep these colonies out of existence, either by Indian massacres, 
or by her own arms. It makes plain, too, her dissimulation, her 
crafty methods and her Jesuitism at every step, till one wonders how, 
agaiust this then powerful monarchy, these feeble plantings in the 
remote wilderness, and nearly the whole continent in the end, were 
saved to Protestantism and to English liberty, unless by Divine pro- 
tection. To the student of our early history the publication is as timely 
as it is beautiful in its illustrations ; it is also replete with historical 
material brought out and now printed for the first time. 

In behalf of the committee, 

Jan. 1*2, 1892. Chairman. 



The Committee on Publications respectfully report 
that the only business done by them the past year has 
been to issue the Annual Report of the Proceedings 
of the Society for the year 1890-91, and the Gaspce 
documents, compiled by Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, 
which were printed with the Proceedings. 

For the Committee, 





The Committee on Genealogical Researches re- 
spectfully reports : The work of your committee rarely 
requires any extended remarks. Our best work must 
always be in personally aiding that increasing number 
of persons who seek genealogical light, but do not at 
first see clearly how to work towards it themselves. 
The suggestion in last year's report has been carried 
out, and an address book provided for entering the 
names of persons having materials for family history. 
The plan has proved a good one, and any member of 
the Society, or other person, who has such material, it 
is hoped will register- in the book, which is in the Li- 
brarian's care. We note with especial interest that 
both the city and State are helping forward the print- 
ing of manuscript records, that will much aid the fu- 
ture genealogical student. We congratulate ourselves, 
also, that the enlarged accommodations of the Soci- 
ety make it possible for these students to work much 
more effectively and agreeably than formerly. Not- 
ably is this seen in the new and admirably arranged 
newspaper department— for newspapers supply much 
to the genealogist that one fails to find elsewhere. It 



is hoped that the time may come when a copy of the 
marriages and deaths, from such papers as the New- 
port Mercury and Providence Gazette may be arranged 
and printed in a bound volume. Such a book would 
prove an invaluable guide, not only to special students 
but also to a far wider number of persons, who make 
now a random search, and often a vain one, in the old 
files of these unindexed newspapers. 

For the Committee, 




The Committee to whom was assigned the duty of 
finishing and furnishing; the addition to the Cabinet 
of this Society, beg leave to report that they have at- 
tended to the duties assigned to them, by painting the 
portrait gallery and hanging therein the painted por- 
traits belonging to the Society, which portraits include 
those of all its deceased presidents, and other dis- 
tinguished Rhode Island men; by fitting up the room 
in the third story on the east side, with shelving for 
newspapers, and placing the rich collection owned by 
the Society, as far as possible, chronologically upon 
the shelves; by putting up picture mouldings in the 
third story room on the west side, which has been de- 
voted by the Library Committee to engravings, wood 
cuts, etc. — many of which have been hung — and to 
miscellaneous curiosities which have not yet been ar- 
ranged and about which they have a suggestion to 
make near the end of this" report ; by putting up 
shelving around the sides of the rooms in the first 
and second stories, both wings, but no alcove shelving" 


has been put up, except in the newspaper depart- 
ment, and by partitioning off a room in the basement 
of the west wing and putting up plain shelving of 
ample capacity in which to place our duplicates, and 
to store the publications of the Society, which are kept 
for exchange, for sale, or to send abroad. 

The shelving which has so far been provided has 
made it possible to clean up the main cabinet, and to 
distribute on to proper shelving, in accordance with a 
system of classification which has been adopted by 
the Library Committee, the stacks of books which 
were inaccessible, and which encumbered the old cab- 
inet to such an extent that the more rich we were in 
the amount of our treasures the more unable were we 
to use and profit by them. 

The old drop scene which has for several years 
been rolled up and laid upon the gallery floor, has 
been hung at the north end of the cabinet, and the 
need of repairing and painting the old cabinet was 
never more apparent than it is now. 

The Committee has appended to this report a state- 
ment of the expenditures made to date, and in this 
connection wish especially to acknowledge an addi- 
tional contribution from Hon. Rowland Hazard, of 
$200, to enable them to complete the shelving. There 
is now a balance on hand of $i 19.63, and, feeling very 
strongly the need of doing additional work to put the 
building into proper shape, they have taken upon 
themselves a self-imposed task and beg your indul- 
gence that they may be permitted to submit their 
suggestions to this meeting, and to place before you 
estimates which they have obtained of the cost of do- 
ing the work, all of which estimates are based on 


bona-fidc re : ready : 

the work. 

Thev would suggest this room be : :i 

_ _ 

repaired and 1 1 fan te i; that new plate g ss wind: 

be put in, in place of the eight -:ws,each 

window having but :w: lights :: plate _- 155 

side srallerier be :onnected : 1 ^a rrv 

north end of the cabinet that die stabs tc uth 

gallery be taken oat and the bookcase beexfeendc 

the east wall thattheante-foomsbenttc : :ak 

and waiting-rooms, and the st: rcase t : = 

out; tha: alcove shrives should be 

second stories, both wings Inst and air-tig 

cherry and glass counter cast- 1 Be in 1 ■ 

bod v Museum of Archaeology and £ — 2 " 

vard College be arranged on the Eoor sides :: 

portrait gallery, with an of ight glass ase 

iron safe now stands for the pmp o se :: 

and displaying re li . : s . coins m 1 r e : : 

are now scattered about the p : e ises c 

over-crowded cal inets ?n eac't side of the 

that the location of the safe be c ged by remov. r 

it from the portrait gallery ; that a map cas 1 

in the west wing, first story that glass I 

panels of the inner vestibule ioors : gi - 

tte vestibule that the vestibule be ne 

and that the outside of the bnilding - : 

The renovation of the interior, inc lud > 
the vestibule, takiu^ ;..: stairs I 
lery. and the new windows :osf $667 DO 

The crallerv across the north end 

building will cost. . . . 100 00 


The new cases in the portrait gallery will 

cost, if all are put in, . . . . $850 00 

And painting the outside will cost, . . 215 00 

$1,832 00 

Twelve alcove shelves, holding about 20,- 

000 volumes, ..... 480 00 

$2,312 00 

When the work, which is now proposed has been 
completed, it is not expected that any large outlay 
on the building will be required for twenty-five or 
thirty years, and the cabinet of the Rhode Island 
Historical Society will be housed in a building second 
to none for the purposes to which it is devoted, and 
one which will be worthy of the valuable collection 
which it contains ; but the cabinet, is, however, but 
an instrument of service, and vour Committee in clos- 
ing their report feel that they would be remiss in their 
duty did they not call attention to the real work and 
objects of this Society, which are to preserve, ar- 
range, classify, and catalogue the material which we 
now have, and which we hope hereafter to receive. 
They would also remind those interested in its ob- 
jects, who are able to assist in promoting them, that 
never has the Society been in a position to do such 
effective work as can now be accomplished, if the nec- 
essary funds can be procured. 

G. M. CARPENTER, \ Committee on 
ALFRED STONE, \ Finishing and 
AMOS PERRY, J Furnishing. 




Since the last annual report the following sums have 
been paid by- the order and approval of the Commit- 
tee, to balance the unsettled accounts for the erection 
of the addition to the cabinet : 










George D. Lansing, assignee of J. W 

J. AY. Dornsife, . 
Stone, Carpenter & Wilson, 
D. F. Logan, 
Previously reported, .... 
Total sum expended in the erection of the addition, be- 
fore the Committee on Finishing and Furnishing 
had begun their work, .... 

The bills which have been approved by the Finishing 
and Furnishing Committee (a schedule of which 
will be found below) amount to 

Making the total outlay to date, 

$20 84 

20 00 

410 75 

8 00 

15,979 19 

816,444 7 

83,487 74 
819,932 52 

Ehode Island Historical Society. 

Memorandum of payments approved by Stone, Carpenter 
son, and paid by the Committee : 


July 16. H. M. Horton, on account, . . 81 

Sept. 1. H. M. Horton, on account, 

Sept. 16. Joseph Bardsley (painting) on account, 

Sept. 30. J. M. Bumham, . 

Oct. 13. H. M. Horton, balance, 

Oct. 13. Joseph Bardsley, balance, . 

Oct. 16. Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co., (picture hooks) 

Oct. 31. G. F. Warner Mfg. Co., . 

Nov. 5. Wm. G. Heath & Co., gas piping, 

Nov. 18. H. M. Horton, extra, 

Nov. 23. Boston Electric Co. (electric gas lighting of 

dome), . 

Dec. 17. Wm. G. Heath & Co., gas piping, 

Dec. 19. Joseph Bardsley, painting, 

& Wfl 

500 00 
900 00 
300 00 
105 00 
210 80 
57 88 
2 64 

7 70 
56 21 

167 IS 

10 75 

8 22 
26 73 



John R. Shirley, 
Jan. 5. H. M. Horton, 
Jan. 11. F. W. Marshall (portrait hanging), 

Total amount paid H. M. Horton, 
" " " Joseph Bardsley, 





















[An address delivered at the opening of the enlarged cabinet of the Rhode 
Island Historical Societ}\ Nov. 3, 1S91, by George Moulton Carpenter. 
First Vice-President of the Society and United States District Judge for the 
District of Rhode Island.] 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I join with much satisfaction in the feeling of congratulation 
which is shared, I think, by every member of the Society, as we en- 
ter upon the occupancy of our cabinet, enlarged and beautified, and 
at last adequate for our purposes. The work, as you will readily 
see, is not yet completed. It is true, indeed, that the addition to the 
building is finished and nearly furnished with so much shelving as 
can be at present made useful in the work of classifying and arrang- 
ing our collections ; but only a single glance is needed to show 
us that the fresh and orderly aspect of our new rooms serve-. 
among other things, to remind us that the main apartment, which 
occupied the whole building before the recent additions, andiu which 
will be held our meetings hereafter as in the past, stauds very much 
in need of restoration, and of some, not very extensive, improve- 
ments. The expense of the work thus far done has been met by 
voluntary subscriptions of the members and friends of the Society, 
and there is abundant confidence that in due time, and when the de- 
mand shall arise, there will be provided the means to make such fur- 
ther improvements as may be judged necessary, without using any 
part of our invested funds. 

For I think it not out of place on this occasion, and indeed on 
every occasion when the affairs of our Society are under consider 1 
ation, to call to mind the vital importance of preserving unimpaired 


the capital, so to say, with which we have been provided by the gen- 
erosity of several of our members, and which constitutes the solid 
basis on which we may reasonably rely for the permanent success of 
this institution. 1 call our Society, advisedly, an institution of the 
State. It has that character because it is not only a permanent es- 
tablishment, but is also a part of the organism of our modern civil- 
ization. For the success and usefulness t>f our Society, as well as of 
all the enterprises of men, it is but common wisdom that the only 
reliable foundation is a sound financial policy. 

It will be wise to take, promptly, every step in advance for which 
the means shall be at hand from our regular income and from such 
additions as our members may feel free to make. But a regard for 
what we may reasonably believe would have been the opinions and 
wishes of those to whom we are indebted for our present prosperous 
condition, no less than the considerations of sound business prudence, 
dictates that the principal sum of our invested funds shall on no ac- 
eount be diminished. My confidence in the future prosperity of this 
Society is wholly based on my belief that in so saying I speak the 
minds of nearly if not quite all our members. 

It has been, perhaps, observed with surprise that I have spoken of 
the necessity we are now under of entering on the work of classify- 
ing and arranging our collections. This necessity now arises by no 
means from any lack of appreciation heretofore of the importance of 
orderly arrangement, still less from any unwillingness on the part of 
our officers and committees to do tjieirfull part in this regard. We 
are now provided with sufficient space so that orderly arrangement 
becomes possible ; we have already made a substantial progress in 
this direction; and we may reasonably hope in no long time to see 
our property in such a condition and arrangement as shall be credit- 
able to ourselves and worthy of the subject of our care. Under 
these circumstances Ave may confess to ourselves that the condition 
of our cabinet in the past has been very far from what we could 
wish and very far from what visitors would have the right to expect. 
This condition of things has resulted solely from the physical exi- 
gencies of our situation. This building, in the form in which it was 
fust constructed, has served us and our predecessors for nearly fifty 
years ; but for the last fifteen years, to speak moderately, it has been 
Entirely inadequate for the purpose. Every department of the li- 
hrarv has overflowed the limits which we could allow. We have 


filled the shelves with double rows of books ; piles of books have 
found an insecure and undignified repose on the tops of book-cases, 
in closets and along the margin of the balcony until they have lit- 
erally threatened the integrity of the structure, and have finally been 
deposited on floors and in very large numbers in the basement. Un- 
der these circumstances any attempt at order or system was, of 
course, hopeless. Our cabinet had become literally only a store- 
house. We were able to offer but little assistance to any investi- 
gator who might wish to consult the treasures of knowledge which 
are here collected, and could hold out still less hope to him that his 
own researches would be adequately rewarded. This state of things 
will soon materially change for the better ; and we shall be able to 
offer to visitors and students prompt and convenient access to all our 
collections, and shall, I doubt not, have occasion to congratulate our- 
selves on the rediscovery of many a valuable book and manuscript 
which has for years lain buried under our unorganized, unknown, 
unappreciated and constantly increasing accumulations. 

At about the time when it was determined in this important way 
to increase our material facilities in preserving and utilizing the ma- 
terial which we have collected, and which has been entrusted to us. 
a no less important advance, as it seems to me, was made in the 
theory and practice of the constitution of the Society itself. An 
historical society may be on the one hand a learned body, all whoso 
members are, or are supposed to be engaged, or to have been en- 
gaged, either directly or indirectly, in historical work or criticism ; 
or, on the other hand, it may be a popular society, some of whoso 
members will perform work in the direction of the collection or pres- 
ervation of historical material, or in the direct preparation of his- 
torical writings and the large remainder of members will aid the 
work by material contributions and by encouraging appreciation. 
A number of the historical societies are learned bodies, in the sense 
in which I have thus used the words. They doubtless find an ad- 
vantage from this theory of membership and function, and in pursu- 
ing a radically different policy we would by no means be understood 
to imply any doubt of the wisdom of those who may be differently 
situated and who may find it their task to suit the genius of people- 
different from ours. 

Our own Society, although always scrupulous and ofteu exactiug 
in scrutinizing the character and qualifications of those who b»v< 



been proposed for membership, has never been distinctly a learned 
body ; and of late it has become our settled policy to welcome to our 
association any reputable person who feels a sufficient interest in the 
promotion of historical science to lend his aid in sustaining the en- 
terprises which it comes in our way to undertake. This policy is 
quite in accord with the Rhode Island idea. The existence of spe- 
cial or privileged classes, or of classes or bodies of men to whom is 
exclusively committed any function of general public concern, was 
especially repugnant to the founders and early inhabitants of this 
State. Even professional men were looked on with suspicion. For 
this feeling the colonists had excellent reason. It is a commonplace 
of history to observe that the professional class is always and every- 
where the extreme conservative class. The members of each pro- 
fession have always been observed to be tolerant of proposed changes 
of theory and of practical policy when they fall outside the domain 
of their own profession, but resist to the last any suggestion of im- 
provement within those limits. All advance and all reform has thus 
far been made against the corporate opposition of the professional 
class, to whose department of human thought or activity it especially 
belonged. This general statement is not invalidated, but on the con- 
trary is rather emphasized by the fact, which ought not to be for- 
gotten, that the greatest leaders of reform and of improvement have, 
in many cases, been members of the professional class. For these 
reasons it has come to pass that between those who have been called 
to contend for human rights and those whose place it has been to 
profess and to defend the received and established theories there has 
always been and still is a steady feud. 

The Rhode Island settlers were radical reformers. Their theory 
of government was, I believe, so far as history or tradition disclose, 
first embodied in a compact of government on the soil of this town. 
So far as I know, no society had before that time been organized 
among men on that theory. I think it may safely be said that at the 
time the government of this town was organized there were no per- 
sons outside her limits who were willing openly to defend that theory. 
At that time, and for generations after that time, in the proposal to 
restrict the power of magistrates to civil things, the town of Provi- 
dence stood against the world. The men of Providence were there- 
fore inclined to feel, and by many hard experiences were made to 
feel, that those who were not with them were against them. 


The contest which was thus began has been long since ended so 
far as we are concerned. We have practiced our doctrine without 
variation on our own soil from that day to this ; we have caused the 
substance of the Providence compact, although perhaps in less felici- 
tous words, to be made part of the Constitution of the United States, 
and have thereupon become part of the nation under the protection 
of that guaranty ; we have seen all the states of the nation follow our 
example, some of the most highly educated and refined communities 
among them having taken this step within the memory of men now 
living, and we now observe the ablest statesmen of the old world 
anxiously and earnestly addressing themselves to the problem which 
the founders of our town encountered and solved above two hundred 
and fifty years ago. But the spirit of the founders still remains 
among us ; and that spirit, no longer needed as the inspiration to 
conflict, teaches us in every department of human activity to open 
wide the door of opportunity and of privilege to every human being 
who has the ambition and the capacity to improve and to enjoy them. 
We therefore have welcomed to the privileges and responsibilities of 
our membership all orderly persons who show a disposition to join us. 

I have much satisfaction in saying that our membership is thus 
open to all persons. I bear in mind that this is not an opportune oc- 
casion to enter on the question whether there be any good reason to 
say that a woman, as such, should be refused any privilege which is 
offered to the rest of humanity, but I find it especially appropriate to 
congratulate you that women are now among our members. Some 
of them have taken an important part in the improvements whose 
completion we now celebrate. 

The important advance which we have made in improving our 
means of work comes, too, at a time when such improvement is es- 
pecially needed in view of the new and improved methods of histori- 
cal work which have of late years been adopted. The demands upon 
us in the line of collecting and preserving historical material have 
very much increased since the Society was founded, and it behooves 
us to be prepared, so far as possible, to meet these increased de- 
mands. It has, therefore, been thought useful and appropriate to 
this occasion that we should briefly consider in what particulars mod- 
ern historical methods and aims differ from those which formerly 
were approved by the best authorities and also to consider in what 
way we may contribute to the advance of thought in this direction] 


and how far we may be able to bring our own practice up to the de- 
mands and the standard of the.present time. 

Historical work, including that in which our Society is engaged, 
and several other branches to which I shall advert, has for the chief 
ultimate aim the production of historical writings. But the produc- 
tion of a sound historical writing must be begun years before the 
author puts pen to paper. In fact if the history is to be in all re- 
spects what could be desired, if it is to be such as to answer to the 
present standard of completeness and excellence, the preparation of 
the history must begin at the same time with the series of events 
which are to be recorded and even in many cases generations before 
that time. The complete preparation, collection and preservation of 
the materials of history is the indispensable condition for the produc- 
tion of a complete and wholly satisfactory historical writing, as we 
now understand the requirements of such work. The materials of 
a history, if they were theoretically complete, would consist at the 
least of a full and accurate statement of every fact, physical and 
mental, occurring in the countries and during the period covered by 
the proposed history. 

Some notion can be gained of the difficulties under which the 
writing of histories must now be accomplished when Ave reflect that 
by far the largest part of this material with which they must work 
has perished beyond recovery. Written or other material records 
older than the Christian era are by comparison few and far between, 
and, where they exist, they relate almost exclusively to broad facts 
of governmental history and throw little light on the character, dis- 
position and history of the people. Whole tracts of history are ut- 
terly a blank ; for other vast tracts we have only tradition, which, 
although of great consequence in certain aspects of the questions 
which arise in all historical investigations is still subject to the de-' 
feet that it easily and by gradations not entirely perceptible to crit- 
ical observation at this day, shades off. into the mists of allegory and 
of fable. This state of things arose largely from the absence of in- 
expensive means by which permanent records could be made ; still 
more from the lack of the art of printing ; but most of all from the 
want of any adequate appreciation of the importance of preserving 
a record of current events and of current habits and methods of 

The historical instinct has, indeed, never been wholly wanting ; 
audi there remain to us, of course, in actual quantity and number 


much historical material of the greatest interest and many historical 
Writings of high value not only for information of history but as 
artistic productions of the greatest merit. But, by comparison with 
what we might conceivably have had, the history of the ancient 
world has perished. Complicated and refined systems of civilization 
have risen and flourished and perished, leaving hardly a distinguish- 
able trace behind. Mechanical arts have reached in several direc- 
tions a degree of perfection for which we still vainly strive and have 
left no record of their principles or their methods, but only rare sam- 
ples of their results to be the despair of succeeding ages. Systems 
of philosophy which have dominated the thought of races of men, 
have been laid aside and forgotten. Doubtless they have been re- 
vived in the course of the revolving cycle of human thought, but 
their history has perished. Most notable of all, the development of 
the life of the individual and of the family, the evolution of personal 
material and mental life, which is the basis and the type of national 
life and of civilization has, until modern times, had no annalist. 

This defect in our materials for history springs from two causes. 
The first is the failure to make at the time a competent record of 
events, and the second is the failure to preserve such records as have 
been made. The failure to make sufficient contemporaneous records 
applies particularly to the more important facts and transactions. 
The things which we of this day would chiefly desire to know re- 
garding the nations and peoples of the past are, of course, those facts 
which were most important to them at the time and which con- 
sequently most distinctly impressed themselves upon the minds of all 
the members of their communities. But it unfortunately happens that 
in the greater number of cases the things which everybody knows are 
the very things as to which no record will be made. They are fa- 
miliar to all, no record or remembrance is needed for present use, 
and the most favorable time for collecting and arranging the neees- 
sary information is long past before any suggestion is made as to the 
importance of a permanent record. This defect in the records has 
continued down to the present time, and we have doubtless in the 
present age been guilty of great omissions in this regard. I refer w 
a few illustrations of particulars in which this defect has occurred. 
They are not of equal historical importance, but they will all serve. 
perhaps, to make clear the error and to suggest a reformation. 

The systematic record of the dates of births, marriages and death? 
is a very modern practice. The dates of these events were for fam- 



ily purposes, and for the satisfaction i»f those most nearly concerned, 
sufficiently well carried- in the memory and seemed to require no 
record. In the matter of governmental and municipal action, the 
results only have in most cases been preserved. This was, of course, 
necessary in order to the efficiency of such action. But in interpret- 
ing a legislative enactment, and still more in understanding its his- 
torical cause, effect and meaning, it is often of the greatest con- 
sequence to know the process of discussion and perhaps of compro- 
mise through which the conclusion was reached. This was vividly 
in the minds of all who were concerned in the discussion and has ac- 
cordingly escaped narration. When old buildings and other struc- 
tures, interesting from their architectural design or from historic as- 
sociation have been destroyed to make way for modern improve- 
ments, it has not often occurred to those who stood by that it was 
most desirable to perpetuate the aspect of such structures by paintings 
or drawings, or other sufficient representation. In this particular the 
art of photography has lately been most usefully employed as an as- 
sistant to history. Thousands of discourses have been delivered 
which would throw much light on attitude and method of thought, 
and which have had a powerful influence in determining great ques- 
tions of public moment, and yet it has not occurred to any person 
to preserve the very words of the speaker. His portrait, too, and 
the portraits of other prominent actors of the time, would be val- 
uable in suggesting to after ages the spirit and temper of the people 
and of the time, and would recall to us those leaders of men whose 
features and aspect were familiar to those who lived and walked with 
them. The familiar personal and domestic life, the every-day 
thought of the people, although of the greatest consequence in pre- 
paring for posterity an accurate picture of the time, is, no doubt, 
more difficult and in many respects impossible to be recorded. But 
in this direction most interesting and priceless collections of mate- 
rials have in a few instances been put together by those who would 
closely observe and frankly report their observations and their ex- 
perience. Diaries and autobiographies are among the most valuable 
of our materials. If one of the settlers of Providence, no matter 
what the degree of his personal importance and prominence, had 
commenced, and his descendants had continued to this day a record 
of the family life, noting the dates of the capital events, as births and 
marriages, and deaths, and describing the ceremonies and parapher- 


nalia and festivities, both gay and grave, which marked those events ; 
describing the successive dwelling-places of the family, as to cost, 
situation, structure, furniture and appointments ; noting the changes 
in color and construction of articles of personal dress and ornament, 
describing the methods of their manufacture so far as those methods 
are matters of domestic concern, recording the wearing qualities of 
fabrics and the degree of permanency of their colors, adding samples 
of all such fabrics and other articles which enter into the dress ; de- 
scribing at length the social and domestic amusements and recrea- 
tions of the members of the family, with the programmes, play-bills, 
and all other relics of such festivity ; including copies of all news- 
papers, pamphlets, and advertisements received in the household ; 
giving an account of the method and extent of the education of each 
member of the family, both at school and at his trade, business or 
profession ; describing the methods of such handicrafts as were prac- 
ticed by any member ; delineating the degree of personal comfort 
and convenience which from time to time became attainable by each, 
and the method and means of such attainment with a description of 
the various articles of personal convenience and ornament which 
were in use ; describing the church life of the people and reporting 
sermons and other discourses and stating the amounts disbursed for 
church work and charities ; giving a full account in general of the 
cost of all articles of domestic use and the amounts consumed from 
year to year; and adding a multitude of other particulars which 
will readily occur ; if, I say, such a record could now be deposited 
in our cabinet, it would probably be the most valued and useful of 
our possessions. And if that record also contained a statement of 
the opinions aud mental experiences of but one person in each gen- 
eration, it would perhaps do more to open to us the real inner life 
aud growth of the Rhode Island people than all the rest of our care- 
fully accumulated collections. 

But the preparation of contemporaneous records is of but little use 
unless they be preserved. The great cause of the loss of such records 
in past times has been the natural tendeucy of men to destroy such 
things as are not useful to themselves or which appear to them at 
the moment to have passed their usefulness. Even the public record? 
of the states have m notable instances suffered from this natural 

The charter of our State has been preserved, but the seal has 
fallen off, probably from decay of the ribbon which attached it, and 



it was not thought of sufficient importance to be preserved. The 
earliest charter has, I believe, entirely disappeared. It is only 
within a few years that our Legislature has thought it necessary 
that the public statutes should be properly engrossed. We are but 
just now beginning to copy in print the records of our town, whereby 
alone they can be preserved from any, even the most remote chance 
of loss. The records of the first proprietors of land in this town 
were destroyed by fire within a very few years, having been pre- 
served in wooden boxes in a building easily combustible and situated 
in a neighborhood peculiarly liable to conflagrations. In the depart- 
ments of social and private records and memorials the losses even in 
late years are literally appalling to those who have had occasion to 
consider the subject. Fire is a great purifier of houses and a most 
ready means of disposing of useless lumber. I have no doubt that, 
even in the way of destruction, it has done much more good than 
harm. But the domestic fire-place and the kitchen stove have been 
the grave of many a valuable relic and document. But for the 
trained eye of a scholarly visitor, certain leaves of the only complete 
and very ancient manuscript of the New Testament Scriptures which 
now remains would have been used to kindle a fire, and, strange to 
say., a fire on a convent hearth. 

I can only in a general way suggest on what principles the modern 
historical investigator would wish us to proceed when we have to 
consider the question of preserving or destroying a paper or an an- 
cient object. In a general statement it may be said that very few 
original written or printed papers are entirely without value. The 
presumption is always in favor of preservation. I will make, how- 
ever, a single suggestion of detail, which, in many cases, will serve 
to solve the question. A paper or book is ofteu most valuable, not 
for the purpose for which it was originally designed, but for the side- 
light which it throws on the condition and opinions of those by 
whom or for whom it was prepared. Old account books are of no 
value as proofs of indebtedness, but they are often of the greatest 
consequence in preparing tables of prices for the use of economic 
investigators. Old letters which have served their purpose as ve- 
hicles of information and even as remembrances of affection, often 
are most useful in delineating manners, in picturing the hopes and 
fears and aspirations of the society from which they spring, and even 
occasionally as tending to prove the continued life of the writer or 
his presence at a certain place at the time of writing. Even the fact 


that a certain letter was writteu, irrespective of the contents, may 
often be important as showing the interest of the writer in the con- 
, cerns of him to whom it is written or the fact that they were in cor- 

respondence. In the beginning of our late war there appeared in 
the publication called Harper's Weekly, a rude cartoon purporting to 
represent a cabinet council of Mr. Lincoln with his advisers. They 
were represented in unbecoming attitudes, all more or less under the 
influence of strong drink and apparently engaged in conversation the 
most inappropriate for the time and the place. That cartoon would, 
I suppose, no longer be useful for the political purpose for which it 
was intended, nor for information as to the character and personal 
habits of the great president and the great men who surrounded him. 
But it is still useful; It throws light on the history of the progress 
of wood engraving, on the intellectual and moral character of the 
publishers, who at that time were the chief purveyors of literary 
wares in this country, and on the state of the information, opinions, 
prejudices, and taste of the people with whom those publishers thought 
that such a picture would be effective. 

To recur to the process by which histories are built up, the next 
process in order, the materials of history having been produced and 
preserved, is to interpret and to criticise them. To interpret them 
is to ascertain what they say, and to criticise them is to ascertain by 
whom they were written and with what information and with what 
purpose, and in short to assign to them their true historical value 
and weight. These both are the province of very modern sciences. 
Neither of these sciences can be said to have had an existence much 
above a hundred years ; and they have been organized and expanded 
and have entered on their full and rijrlitful functions onlv within the 
present generation. 

The matter of interpretation, in the limited sense in which I have 
used that word, would seem, at first thought, to present little diffi- 
culty. To report correctly the contents of a written instrument 
seems to be within the powers of any person who can read and write : 
and yet it is a fact that such reports, exactly accurate according to 
our standards, are rarely found. My owu experience shows that 
especial care is requisite in order to obtain even from practical pen- 
men an accurate duplicate of a modern writing in a hand familiar to 
the copyist. Still more difficult has it proved to obtain faithful tran- 
scripts of ancient writings. The compact of government of this 



town is contained in one page of manuscript and about a dozen lines 
of printed letters. Jt has been twice printed in books — once by a 
public official, under the authority of the State, and once by one of 
our most faithful and careful annalists. The two copies are not 
alike, aud neither of them is correct. 

To answer to the present standard of excellence in such work it is 
necessary that the copies of ancieut documents shall accurately rep- 
resent every letter of the original, taking note even of such peculiar- 
ities in chirography as may have any bearing on the force of what is 
written. The importance of this high degree of care and accuracy 
has been especially brought to mind by the liberal action of the city 
council in providing for the production of printed copies of our early 
town records — a work which, as is known, has been entrusted to 
members of our Society, and which will, I make bold to say, be per- 
formed under a full sense of the responsibility of the undertaking. 

The new science of historical criticism whereby it is sought to 
ascertain the authorship and date of ancient documents, the circum- 
stances under which they w-ere written and the character and pur- 
poses of their writers, has made immense additions to the stock of 
knowledge in the historical field by bringing the differeut portions of 
the available material into due proportion each with the other, by 
pointing out subtle variations of meaning aud effect which are to be 
appreciated only by consideration of the mental attitude and the en- 
vironment of the writer, and by distinguishing between what is gen- 
uine aud original and what has been added to or interpolated in the 
documents which have come down to us. This work is difficult in- 
deed, and in many cases seems almost impossible of accomplish- 
ment. It would have been in truth impossible, and in fact was not 
attempted until after a scientific system had been elaborated by 
which the investigations of the critic might be guided. 

Consider for a moment one of the simpler problems of this science. 
It is desired to ascertain whether a certain ancient writing is or is 
not the composition of the person whose name it bears. On this 
question direct evidence is usually entirely wanting. If there be re- 
ported any statement of the supposed author, either denying or affirm- 
ing his responsibility for the writing, there is introduced into the 
midst of the original problem the perhaps still more difficult and often 
impossible task of deciding on the veracity of the reporter ; and in 
some cases even if the investigator becomes satisfied that the sup- 


posed author has claimed or has repudiated the writing it becomes 
necessary to consider the question of his probable truthfulness. 
Other external evidence, as it is called, that is, such evidence as can 
be gathered outside an inspection of the writing itself and its con- 
tents, is not likely, in most cases, to throw much light on the ques- 
tion at issue. Such evidence consists, for the most part, in the testi- 
mony of contemporaries, which is given either by direct statement 
or by quotation, or allusion, which implies a belief on the part of 
the writer. This sort of evidence is usually fragmentary, some- 
times suspicious, and, in rare cases, is almost conclusive on the whole 
question or some one of its branches. For example, the question 
has been long mooted among theological historians whether the gos- 
pel of John was the composition of the apostle of that name. The 
direct testimony of contemporaries is wholly wanting, and there is no 
trace of any statement on the question from the apostle himself out" 
side the limits of the writing. The value of the traditions which are 
traced to a point within oue generation of the apostle are the battle- 
ground on which this lon^-fought contest has been waged. But the 
evidence of quotations from, and references to the general teaching 
of that gospel make it evident, as I think is now on all hands con- 
ceded, that the book was in use and was recognized as an authorita- 
tive record before the close of the first century of the preseut era. 
The area of controversy is thus so far limited, and the final appeal 
must be made to the internal evidence ; or, in other words, to such 
considerations as arise from an inspection of the contents of the writ- 
ing. This is, in fact, the final appeal in all questions of this char- 
acter, and the manner in which that appeal is managed is the highest 
test of the qualifications of the historical critic. 

It has, no doubt, already been observed that the decisiou of a 
question of this kind is not, and in the nature of the case cannot be 
a matter of positive knowledge. These questions must be solved by 
a nice balancing of probabilities. This is most especially true in re- 
gard to considerations of internal evidence. There are in the first 
place questions of physical probability which involve the balancing 
of material facts and their corresponding inferences, and in the second 
place questions of psychological probability which involve the balanc- 
ing of mental facts and their corresponding inferences. To put it in 
another way, the investigator has to consider first, what a certain 
persou probably did write, and, secondly, what, from his known or 
probable mental constitution, and from his known or probable eir- 


cumstances and surroundings he was likely to write. The first of 
these questions arises usually and perhaps solely in cases where a 
manuscript exists which is known or alleged to be the original auto- 
graph of the work under consideration. Such a problem, for in- 
stance, was presented to those experts before whom was laid the un- 
doubted original manuscript of the letters of Junius, and whose task 
was to ascertain by whom they were indited. In questions of this 
sort it is necessary at different times to be familiar with the history 
of the manufacture of paper so as to be able to judge whether the 
material on which the writing is made could probably have been in 
existence at the alleged or supposed time of its composition ; it is 
necessary to know what methods of spelling and what methods of 
writing certain letters and of contracting certain words were in use 
at different times so as to judge in like manner whether the manu- 
script is probably of the age at which it is supposed to have been pro- 
duced ; and, in some cases, as in the case of the letters of Junius, 
to which I have referred, it becomes necessary to master the whole 
learning of the comparison of handwritings. 

But it is in determining what a certain person, at a certain long- 
past period of time would probably write, and hence to infer what 
lie did write, and whether he did write the paper which in the orig- 
inal or in a copy lies before him, that the critical investigator finds 
his most exacting task. He is called on, in fact, for an exercise of 
the pure scientific imagination. He must reproduce in his miud the 
whole form, organization, and temper of a society which has long 
since perished, of a society composed of men and women of a race, 
a temperament, an education and a genius foreign to his own ; aud 
he must produce for himself the mental image of the life, social or 
religious, or both, as the case may be, of that society; he must 
image to himself a single man living in that society and by a su- 
preme dramatic effort he must project the form of that man's mind 
upon his own so that for the time he becomes that man, thiuks and 
feels as he thought and felt, and can then take in his hand a written 
paper and say, as well as that man could say if he were now present, 
whether the writing be or be not the production of his brain. 

But this is not all. The problem is not always so simple as that 
which I have suggested. The writing maybe and usually is, neither 
entirely genuine or reliable, nor vet entirely spurious and untrust- 
worthy. It then becomes necessary to disentangle these elements 
and to mark out, as nearly as may be, their respective limits. It 


must be observed, also, that whenever a forgery is discovered to 
have been committed the task of critical investigation is, in most 
cases, not finished.- Even a forgery often has a high historical value. 
It has been whispered that there are systems of ethics and even of 
theology which no longer have a value for purposes of instruction 
and guidance, but still retain a value as an index to the state of mind 
of those by whom they have been constructed. And in like manner 
the forged document, while it may have no weight as showing the 
opinion or allegation of the person to whom it was attributed, still 
less in establishing the soundness or truth of that opinion or alle- 
gation, still may have great historical importance in that it shows 
the opinions and mental attitude of those who have concocted the 
fraud and of those upon whose credulity it was imposed or sought to 
be imposed. It has been often observed that the code of constitu- 
tions which in the middle ages was falsely attributed to the authority 
of the apostles, while it throws no light on the ecclesiastical theories 
of the apostolic age, in which it was pretended to be written, is yet 
full of instruction as to the theory and teaching of the church in the 
age in which in reality it was written. 

I have thus briefly sketched, in mere outline only, the task of the 
historical critic. He performs this task and reaches his result by the 
use of materials which in most cases seem absolutely inadequate. 
The process is carried on by the pure imagination and by the pure 
intellect. When successfully carried on it involves, it is believed, 
the highest exercise of the reflective powers of which the human 
mind is capable. 

Such a task as I have thus briefly described was in former times 
not even attempted. All writings were taken to be, in the baldest 
sense, either genuine or forged. There are subtle and difficult cases 
in which language not uttered by a person and not believed to have 
been uttered by him is yet honestly imputed to him, the intention 
in the mind of the writer being to impute not the words used but 
the sentiments which are therein contained aud which were known 
or believed to have been entertained by him. Such cases have not 
been known or suspected, and certainly have not been adequately 
appreciated until within comparatively modern times. The earlier 
method was to lay wholly out of the account all spurious and doubt- 
ful evidences, and on the other hand to assign to all writings proved 
to be genuine substantially the same authoritative rank. So lately 
as the time of the Lutheran reformation it was possible for Eras- 


inns, perhaps the best scholar of the day, to speak of the man- 
(•scripts of the New Testament in terms which clearly imply that he 
considered them of equal or nearly equal authority. And yet at the 
present day there are three manuscripts whose concurrent testimony 
on a question of textual criticism would, I think, in the opinion of 
all scholars, overwhelmingly outweigh the testimony of all the rest 
of the hundreds of manuscripts brought together on the opposite 

\ shall refer but briefly to textual criticism, which is a subordi- 
nate but most useful and difficult branch of historical criticism. To 
take a great mass of manuscript copies of a book, of different ages 
and of different origins, and containing thousands of divergent read- 
ings, and from them alone, aided by ancient translations and quota- 
tions, to reproduce with substantial certainty the veritable words 
which the authors wrote or dictated, is another problem which at 
first thought appears impossible to be solved. And yet it yields to 
scientific investigation. The men who can accomplish this form a 
profession by themselves. They are few in number and their rivals 
are still less. To read the account of their methods and to examine, 
even with an uncritical eye, their results ; to see them first construct- 
ing their tools, the critical apparatus of their profession, and then to 
watch them apply that apparatus to the difficult material in which 
they work, is to become acquainted with one of the most marvellous 
triumphs of the human intellect. 

It is true, indeed, that the method of history to which I refer has 
been made the object of much adverse criticism, and sometimes with 
L'uod reason. The professors of this learning are, perhaps, some- 
what too ready to announce results, and too strenuous in ascribing 
certainty to conclusions which, for the present at least, can only be 
considered probable. But notwithstanding these drawbacks, it still 
remains true that they have added greatly to the stock of human 
knowledge ; that they have exposed much error and brought a strong 
support to the truth of history; that they have smoothed many diffi- 
culties and reconciled many apparent contradictions between docu- 
ments which are taken on all hands to be authentic, and that they 
nave brought many an historic fact and doctrine out into the light of 
i -ear comprehension and full appreciation. 

Such are the methods by which the materials of history are now 
-' altered and interpreted. We come now to the consideration of the 
method* in which is written the historical work for whose sake all 



this elaborate preparation has been made. Broadly speaking it may 
be said that historical writings were first annals, in which facts alone 
were simply and clearly set down in the order in which they oc- 
curred ; then picturesque histories, in which a selection of facts was 
made with the view to artistic effect ; then polemical histories, in 
which the facts were marshalled and depicted in such way as to sup- 
port the theories, political or otherwise, of the writer ; and finally 
scientific histories, in which the attempt is made to represent to the 
mind in one view the whole character of the nation or the age which 
is sought to be depicted. I do not mean that these different methods 
of writing have been successive in point of time. I rather mean 
that they mark the degrees of the development of the historic instinct. 
All these methods of historical writing are found in most ages of 
much literary activity, and they are all in use to-day. But I think 
the historical writing which is characteristic of our time is that which 
contemplates a nation or a people as a living, organic whole, formed 
on the same model with the individuals and the families which com- 
pose it, and having a corresponding origin, growth and destiny. 
This method combines the advantages of all the others. The facts 
of history are better stated and in better proportion when they group 
themselves into an organism ; they assume that unity and due order 
and subordination which are necessary to the production of a work 
of art. So, too, when the origins of laws and institutions are con- 
sidered in connection with their development and final results, they 
serve most persuasively lo support sound principles and well-founded 
theories of the conduct and true purpose of human society. 

How, then, can our Society aid in the performance of these use- 
ful labors and investigations? In the first place, we may see to i: 
that in all matters within our own control the best and most com- 
plete records shall be preserved. Such matters, however, will mo-: 
likely be of comparatively small importance. We may accomplish 
something by recommending right methods to our own members and 
to the public. But we are, I think, most useful in this regard by 
the very fact of our existence. The fact that we are organized for 
the purpose of collecting and preserving the materials of history will 
operate more persuasively in the future than in the past to sug^-' 
the preparation of full and complete statements of contemporary 
events, seeing that we are now better than ever equipped to receive, 
to arrange, and to preserve such materials. Our main function, 
doubtless, will always be that of preservation. In the manner in 


which this duty shall be performed we ought to resolve that we will 
leave nothing to be desired. In the critical reproduction of docu- 
ments, so as to make them generally available, we have done some- 
thing aud in the future may do much more. There are tasks of this 
sort to "which we may address ourselves which do not call for so large 
an expenditure of time and labor as is required for the production of an 
history or historical treatise. Some of these tasks we may reasonably 
hope, therefore, from time to time, to accomplish. But what is most to 
be desired is tha*t some member of our Society shall produce another 
important historical work. The subject of such a work is ready at 
hand — it is the history of our own State. We have valuable histories 
and valuable monographs on the subject, but I think it no injurious 
reflection on previous writers to say that the history of the people of 
Rhode Island, considered as an individual, social organism, is still 
to be written. The development of the Rhode Island idea, the his- 
tory of the Rhode Island intellect, still remain to be traced. We 
have good authority, both domestic and foreign, for the belief that 
the history well deserves to be written. I venture to suggest the 
general plan on which it might well be constructed. The author 
would begin by describing the first discovery of America by Euro- 
peans and would depict the scene which lay before the eyes of the 
astonished Northmen when, first of all white men, they ga^ed on 
the fertile meadows and vine-clad slopes of the South County. 
He would then describe our fertile soil, our incomparable climate, 
our remarkable geological and topographical formations, the abun- 
dant products of our shore and bay, and finally the interesting race 
of people who then inhabited our territory and who have bequeathed 
to us not only an example of fidelity to engagements but also the 
knowledge of the dwelling place of the Providence river oyster and 
the Narragansett turkey, and the profonnder learning which presides 
over the preparation of coarse-ground Indian meal and the con- 
struction of the genuine clam-bake. 

He would then transfer the scene of his story to the Bay Colony, 
and, in tracing the life and mental history of Roger Williams, he 
would show how the fair flower of truth may spring up in the most 
unpromising and unfriendly soil. Him and his friends and associates 
he would follow through the snows of the wilderness to East Provi- 
dence, across the Seekonk to the foot of Power street, again around 
India Point aud Fox Point to the spring on the margin of the river, 


where at last they found rest for themselves and for their weary 
wives and children and an abiding place for the ark of Jehovah. 

He would then describe how the little band first returned thanks to 
the God of Jacob, who had delivered and preserved them, then 
named the soil for all time, dedicating the hill which rose above their 
heads to the perpetual remembrance of the divine beneficence and 
care ; and then proceeded to found the first free state which is re- 
corded in the history of the human race. He would then recount 
the history of this new experiment in civil government, describing 
the organization of the towns and the gradual growth of our govern- 
mental theory and practice, the struggle of the settlers with cold and 
hunger, and with enemies both savage and civilized, the negotiations 
and intrigues which marked the efforts to obtain our charter rights, 
the development of government under the last charter, the growth of 
industry and of commerce, our part in the Revolution and in the 
adoption of the Constitution, and our peaceful history from that time 
until our people were again called, but this time not alone, to face 
privation and death in the defence of truth and of justice. His last 
scene would fitly open in the spring of 1861 and he would show us 
the steady line of our infantry, and the graceful form of their heroic 
leader ; the plain blue blouses and the black hats with the gilded 
eagle; the solemn guns of the Marine Artillery; and the last flutter 
of flags and gleam of bayonets as the best loved sons of the State 
marched southward, bearing the heart of Rhode Island with them, 
" to blow before the heathen walls the trumpets of the North." 




A Brief Sketch by the Librarian. 

[Printed by Vote of the Society.] 

The character, scope and marked features of this library are best 
understood by glancing at the history of the institution to which it 

This Society was organized seventy years ago by men who were 
deeply interested to secure a truthful history of the State and to per- 
petuate the memory of its founders and benefactors. The work of 
collecting material to this end was begun at once, and has been car- 
ried forward with more or less interest to the present time. During 
its first twelve years the Society was provided by the General Assem- 
bly (which early made it, and has continued it, the custodian of 
valuable documents) with a room in the State House for its meetings 
and for the safe keeping of its collections. During its next ten years 
it had quarters elsewhere (three years in Brown & Ives' counting- 
room and seven years in the Arcade), and during its last forty-eight 
years it has occupied its own two-story building, which was, until a 
recent date, only 30 by 50 feet, and is situated on lots 66 and 6S 
Waterman street. With this building has been joined a structure 
which greatly enlarges the Society's accommodations and increases 
its means of usefulness. 

The collections of the Society are considered as belonging to one 
of the three following classes : 

A. Manuscripts. 

B. Printed matter. 

C. Other things that properly belong to an historical museum. 

* See Index, page 


A. The manuscripts of the library, gathered from various sources 
and a good number of them rescued from fire or pulp-vats by zealous 
antiquaries, constitute one of the marked features of the library. 
Thus, saved from impending destruction, these manuscripts will 
repay a careful scrutiny. They relate to almost every department 
of government, branch of business, and social, religious and political 
question of the day. The collection of family papers is noteworthy, 
and the fact can hardly escape attention that most of the families 
represented by one or more volumes of papers had relations more or 
less intimate with our nation as well as with our State. 

The terms manuscripts and papers are often used here synonymous- 
ly to indicate the titles rather than the Contents of certain volumes. 
These manuscript volumes, many of them called papers, consist of 
letters, diaries, sermons, military-rolls, pay-rolls, mercantile ac- 
counts, post-office records, deeds, wills, official reports on the build- 
ing of Revolutionary war ships, etc. Some. of them belong to the 
Colonial period of our State and country, some to the Confederation 
period and some to a later period. Some are State records, some 
town records, court records, society records, church, family and 
personal records, and some are accounts of remarkable events and 
incidents from the settlement of the State to a recent period. 

The library contains a good collection of Orderly Books relating 
to a part of our Revolutionary history enacted on Rhode Island soil 
or by Rhode Island troops. Six nicely-bound volumes of this class 
have been recently presented by Mr. Jesse Metcalf ; also, a well- 
bound copy of Col. Sylvanus Reed's Orderly Book, kept in camp at 
Providence during the summer of 1778, is the gift of Mrs. Caroline 
Gallup Reed, of New York. It is due to say, however, that the 
original documents of this class have not yet received, owing to the 
hitherto crowded condition of the cabinet, the attention thev merit. 

Many of the manuscripts are arranged with some regard to chrono- 
logical order, or to their subject matter. First on this list are the 
papers of Moses Brown, who was merchant, manufacturer and phil- 
anthropist. He was born in Providence in 1738, and died there in 
1836. His eighteen folio volumes are in two series. The first 
series has fourteen volumes, whose contents are arrauged in chrono- 
logical order as follows : 



Moses Brown Papers. 

Vol. I. 1735-1770. Contains many letters written within this 
period, among which are several from Governor Joseph Wanton, 
1769 and 1770, Nicholas and John Brown, Obadiah Brown and 
many leading men in different places. 

Vol. II. 1770-1778. Coutains a copy of Moses Brown's formal 
act, manumitting his slaves in November, 1773. Also many letters 
showing the situation of the State and country between 1770 and 

Vol. III. 1778-1782. Contains an appeal from President James 
Manning of the Rhode Island College to Moses Brown for the poor 
of Providence, dated March, 1770. Nicholas Brown tells his 
brother, Moses, of the pitiful condition of a man who came from 
Newport in ' 4 the Fiagg," meaning, probably, under the "flag of 

Vol. IV. 1782-178-4. Contains a pretty full representation of 
Moses Brown's relations to his brothers and his brethren in the 
church. . 

Vol. V. 1784-1787. Letters and copies. 

Vol. VI. 1787-1789. In this volume, as in Vol. V., are letters 
from Rev. Dr. Samuel Hopkins of Newport to Moses Brown, who 
co-operated with him in the anti-slavery movement. 

Vol. VII. 1789-1792. Interesting correspondence between the 
brothers, Moses and John Brown. 

Vol. VIII. 1792-1796. Moses and John Brown correspond and 
Samuel Slater's name appears. 

Vol. IX. 1796-1799. William Rotch of New Bedford is a 

Vol. X. 1830-1804. Contains appeals for charity. 

Vol. XI. 1801-1810. Bill of John B. Chace for nice China 
table-ware, bought in Canton for Moses Brown. 

Vol. XII. 1810-1816. Contains numerous letters from persons 
whose names are now familiar, like John Pitman, B. How land, 
Noah "Worcester, John Osborne, J. G. Chadsy and Moses Brown's 
sou, Obadiah. (1771-1822.) 

Vol. XIII. 1816-1832. Letters from Samuel Coates, of Phila- 
delphia, in which the name of Stephen Girard occurs, and the ques- 

r " 


tions of anti-slavery and a branch at Providence of the U. S. Bank 
are referred to. 

Vol. XIV. 1822-1842. Replete with interest. July 3, 1822. 
William R. Staples notified Moses Brown in a circular that the 
General Assembly granted, at its June session, the Charter of the 
R. I. Historical Society, and that he (Mr. Brown) had been elected 
a member and was invited to attend a meeting to be held on the 19th 
of July for the adoption of by-laws and the election of officers. At 
that meeting Mr. Brown presided and for twenty-six years the 19th 
of July was observed as the anniversary of the society and of the 
King Charles II. Charter. 

The second series is as follows : 

Moses Brown Papeus. 

Vol. I. Miscellaneous. 1722-1803. Contains Backus's list of 
Presidents and Governors of the Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations with their ecclesiastical belongings, and many other 
curious and interesting documents. 

Vol. II. Miscellaneous. 17G2-1824-. The contents of this 
volume relate mostly to family, religious and business matters ; only 
a few of the papers are dated. Interspersed are lottery tickets, 
epitaphs and amusing letters. One lottery ticket is to help re-build 
Faneuil Hall in Boston, November, 1769. There is a list of voters 
at Providence town meetings, and also a concise statement of how 
many voted the Federal ticket and how many the Democratic in each 
town in the State from 1809 to 1812 inclusive. Also "A List of 
Persons who Proxed for General Officers in the Town of Cranston 
agreeably to Law, April 15, 1807." 

Vol. III. Miscellaneous. 1 078-1 824. Contains Dr. John 
Clarke's Will, dated April 20, 1G76. Deed of land in Pawtuxet 
by Andrew Harris, October 9, 167S, and other interesting old 

Vol. IV., which is the eighteenth volume of the whole series, has 
been recently collected and arranged. It consists of genealogies of 
Rhode Island families and biographical notes with interesting scraps 
and bits of information about Pardon Tillinghast and other noted men 
of an early period. It has a plat of Providence, which is believed to 
be one of the oldest extant. Further on in this compilation (p. 90) 


are notices of other contributions by Moses Brown to our local 

The Theodore Foster volumes, eighteen in number, are less bulky 
and less uniform in size, title and arrangement, causing much incon- 
venience in shelving them. Chronological order is almost ignored. 
One of these volumes is made up exclusively of printed matter, and 
several of them are of a mixed character. While most of the 
volumes are folios, one of them is of extraordinary dimensions, and 
two or three of them are quite small. Theodore Foster, who col- 
lected these papers, was born in Brookfleld, Mass., in 1752 ; gradu- 
ated at Rhode Island College in 1770; studied law and settled in 
Providence; married a sister of Gov. Arthur Fenner : was town 
clerk of Providence" and United States Senator 1790-1803. He 
died in Providence in 1828. The Foster papers constitute two 
series, the first of which is as follows : 

Foster Papers. 

Vols. I, II and III. 1640-1801. Contain some copies and many 
original documents relating to the early settlement of Providence; 
also some Revolutionary War papers, and some papers collected by 
Mr. Foster while in the United States Senate. 

Vols. IV and Y. 1649-1754. Contain original documents of 
Roger Williams, Samuel Gorton, John Whipple and others. Also 
Revolutionary correspondence. 

Vol. VI. Contains wills, genealogies, court dockets and law 
forms. 1785-1791. 

Vol. VII. Contains printed hand-bills, etc. 

Vol. VIII. Contains genealogical accounts of families by the name 
of Pincheon,, Foster, Williams, Olney, Crawford, Arnold, Westcott 
and others. 

Vol. IX. Contains the first chapter of a History of Rhode 
Island aud copies of old records. 

Vols. X and XI. Contain muster-rolls, letters, etc. 1777-1825. 

Vol. XII. Contains genealogies and historical sketches. 

Vol. XIII. Contains writs and judicial proceedings. 

Vol. XIV. Contains the census of Rhode Island in 1782. 

The second series of Foster papers is as follows : 



Foster Correspondence. 

Vols. I and II. 1746-1791. Contain original and copied letters 
from leading citizens of the State and the country, such as John 
Brown, Alexander Hamilton, Welcome Arnold, David Howell, 
Gov. William Greene, Gen. Henry Knox, Henry Marchant, etc. ; 
also correspondence with the Earl of Loudoun in 1756. 

Vols. Ill and IV. 1795-1823. Contain a collection of letters 
from Dr. Solomon Drowne and many leading citizens belonging to 
the State in the latter part of the last century and the early part of 
this century. On page 72, the Act establishing, under King George 
and the Governor of the Colony, the United Company of Artillery, 
April 2, 1775, is duly certified by the Secretary of State, Henry 
Ward, April 24, 1776. 

Theodore Foster left a good number of inter-leaved almanacs 
which he statedly used as diaries and note books. For the lack of due 
supervision, or for some other reason readily surmised, several of 
these have disappeared. Two almanac diaries kept at the old fulling 
mill in Warwick during the years 1756 and 1757, by a descendant 
of Elder Pardon Tillmghasf, are still preserved. One of the most 
curious almanac diaries in this library was kept by the Rev. Dr. 
Ezra Stiles in 1789. On the 13th of February he made the follow- 
ing minute : " Gen. Ethan Allen of Vermont died aud went to Hell 
this day." 

While the Moses Brown and Theodore Foster papers are the most 
numerous, best known and hold a prominent place in this department 
of the library, there are other series of papers in some respects more 
interesting and valuable, as will appear from the following very 
imperfect list : 

Military Papers. 

These papers, comprising four volumes, relate in some way to the 
military affairs of the Colony and State from 1757 to 1S09. They 
consist of pay-rolls, letters, receipts for provisions, etc. 

Vol. I. 1775-1781. Has for its first paper a letter from Col. 
Israel Angell, written in camp at Prospect Hill (now Somerville. 
Mass.), Dec. 1, 1775. In this letter he speaks of a successful 
privateering feat by which the army at Cambridge was greatly 



Vol. II. 1757-1780. Begins with an official announcement 
made May 6, 1757, by Gov. William Greene, that the Earl of 
Loudoun, the commander-in-chief of all His British Majesty's forces 
in North America, had demanded of this Colony 450 able-bodied, 
effective men to be employed in His Majesty's service for and during 
the ensuing campaign. 

Vol. III. 1780-1787. Has for its first paper the muster-roll of 
Capt. Benjamin West's company in Col. John Topham's regiment. 

Vol. IV. 1778-1809. Contains lists of different military com- 
panies, muster-rolls and pay-rolls, before, during and after the 
Revolutionary War. 

Harris Papers. 

William Harris was one of the first settlers of Providence. He 
was baptized by Roger Williams in March, 1639, and died in Lon- 
don about 1690. He was for many years the recognized leader of 
the party opposed to the policy of Roger Williams. Here are some 
original and many copied papers of an early date. The earliest date 
is 1657 and the latest 1716. 

Tillingiiast Papers. 

Papers with the title as above constitute four thick folio volumes 
chronologically arranged. The person most prominent is Jonathan 
Tillingiiast, who was born in Newport in 1760 and died in Provi- 
dence in 1806. He was a descendant of Elder Pardon Tillingiiast in 
the fourth generation, and displayed in a brief period remarkable 
vigor and energy. The papers illustrate the mode of doing business 
at the close of the last century and at the beginning of this century. 
One navigation paper is signed by President John Adams and his 
Secretary of State, Timothy Pickering. Some of the family papers 
are also of interest. The dates of the volumes are as follows : 

Vol. I. 1738-1798. 

» II. 1798-1801. 

44 III. 1801-1803. 

44 IV. 1803-1824. 


Cooke Papers. 

Nicholas Cooke, to whom many of these papers once belonged, is 
usually designated as the Revolutionary War Governor of Rhode 
Island. Fie was born in Providence in 1717 and died there in 1782. 
He is regarded as having been one of the most public-spirited and 
patriotic citizens of his time. The volumes are thus labelled : 

Vol. I. Miscellaneous. 1732-1801. 
44 II. Revolutionary Correspondence. 1775-1781. 

Backus Papers. 

Isaac Backus was born in 1724 and died in 1806. He was a 
Baptist preacher and rendered valuable service as an historian. The 
two volumes of manuscripts compiled by him, with dates from 1638 
to 1731, comprise original and copied papers relating to the early 
history of these Plantations. 

Hopkins Papers. 

Esek Hopkins was the first commodore of the Continental Navy. 
The volumes contain his official documents and correspondence with 
John Paul Jones, members of the Marine Committee of Congress, 
and other well-known citizens. These papers are of decided historic 
value. Their dates are as follows : 
Vol. I. 1776-1777. - 
44 II. 1728-1786. 
44 III. 1776-1778. 

Rhode Island Manuscripts. 

Vol. I. Original papers of R. Williams, Wm. Harris, Gregory 
Dexter, Gov. Benedict Arnold, and others. 


Vol. II. Original papers of Pardon Tillinghast, William Arnold, 
and others. 


Vol. III. Original communications, in which the names of 
Richard Waterman, Stukeley Westcott, William Carpenter and 
William Wickenden are prominent. 



Miscellaneous M ANuscitrrTs . 
1647-1759: • 

This volume contains a variety of original documents, or frag- 
ments of original documents, relating to the, early history of Provi- 
dence. For example, here are warrants for. town meetings ; requests 
for favors from the town" ; also, leases, deeilsv 'bonds and agreements, 
on some of which may be found the autographs of Daniel Abbott, 
John Whipple, Roger Williams, Pardon Tillinghast, and Gabriel 
Bernon. •:/..• . . . ' ' : -;. ' : -'\ 

Miscellaneous Papers. 

This is the title of seven manuscript volumes, whose character 
is indicated as follows : 

Vols. I and II. 1643-1845. Contain many original documents, 
such as a letter from Gen. John Stark to Col. Wm. Barton, Oct. 25, 
1779 ; a letter from Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr., to Lieut. Col. Barton, 
camp at Tiverton, R. I., July 5, 1777; ifc^tter from Brig. -Gen. 
Ezekiel Cornell to Col. Barton, Newport*^ Nov. 17, 1779; Gen. 
Wm. Barton's Narrative of his particular relation to the capture of 
Prescott, etc. 

Vols. Ill and IV. 1092-1833. ' Contain original letters and 
official documents from several governors of Rhode Island and of 
Massachusetts, and a paper relieving a soldier from service, with 
Washington's autograph'. 

Vol. V. 1651-1790. Contains writs, warrants, deeds and other 
legal papers. 

Vol. VI. 1695-1743. Mostly sermon^; one deed given by 
Nicholas Power in 1733, and one deed by Obadiah Brown and 
others, 1794. 

Vol. VII. 1600-1779. Private land title deeds, all original and 
most of them valuable. Stephen Hopkins and Arthur Fenner's 
names appear. Here is the original commission of John Morley 
Greene as ensign in the Continental army, March 1, 1779. 

Fennek Papers. 


This volume, recently compiled, contnhw papers of Capt. Arthur 
Fenner and of his descendants. Capt. Feuuer was born in England. 


1022, and died in Providence 1703. He was a member of Crom- 
well's army and a leader in the Providence Plantations. These 
papers were presented to the Society by Mr. and Mrs. Pardon Fenner 
Brown of Man ton, R. I. They comprise genealogies and original 

Field Papers. 

. 1639-1831. 

An interesting collection of papers presented to the Society by 
Wm. Field of Stafford Springs, Conn. The first paper is an agree- 
ment, signed in Providence by William Field (immigrant), March 6, 
1639, and witnessed by Roger Williams. Some official papers are 
in the collection. 

Esten Papers. 


Who collected or presented these papers does not appear. The 
autographs of Cornelius, Esek, John and Henry Esten are found in 
this collection, together with original wills, bonds, letters and docu- 
ments that convey some idea of old charter feuds. On page 8 is a 
proclamation by Gov. Stephen Hopkins, which is dated May 1, 
1762, stating that King George declared war against France, May 
17, 1756 ; other papers of like import are found here. 

Updike Papers. 


These are from the collection of the Updike Family of Narra- 
gansett, being portions of the papers of Lodowick (1616-1 730), 
Daniel (1694-1757), Lodowick (1725-1S04), Daniel (1761-1842.), 
and.Wilkins Updike (author of Narragansett Church), (1784-1867.) 
Given to the Society by Daniel Berkeley Updike. 

Connecticut Manuscripts. 

These relate to Rhode Island. 
Vol. I. 1638-1679. 

Vol. II. 1680-1740. These are all copies of original documents, 
giving a vivid idea of certain disputes between the two colonies. 


Massachusetts and Rhode Island Manuscripts. 

Vol. I. 1641-15G5. 
Vol. II. 1665-1831. 
Vol. III. 1635-1831. 

These volumes contain documents, letters, etc., pertaining to Rhode 
Island history, all copied from the files of the General Court of 
Massachusetts by Joshua Coffin, who was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society and author of the History of Newberry. 

Samuel Gorton. 

His essays on the Lord's Prayer. 

This volume exhibits the exquisite penmanship as well as 
the thought and expression of the first settler of the town of "War- 
wick, who was born in England about 1600 and died in "Warwick in 

Ancient Deeds. 


Two volumes. One of the first deeds in Volume I. is signed Sept. 
10, 1692, by John Blaxton, son of William Blaxton, the first settler 
of Boston. The deed is witnessed by Thomas Olney and Anthony 

Papers Relating to Providence. 

This volume contains a good number of original papers that have 
come down from the first settlers. 

Samuel Eddy's Private Papers. 

Samuel Eddy was born in Johnston in 1769 and died in Provi- 
dence in 1839. He was Secretary of State, 1797-1819 ; member of 
Congress, 1819-1825 ; chief justice, 1827-1835. These papers were 
given to the Society by the late James Eddy Mauran, of Newport. 

Whipple Papers. 

These papers are labelled 1733-1791, yet the first paper is dated 
1661. They once belonged to the Whipple family, from the early 
immigrant, John, and include one paper of Commodore Abraham 


Whipple, dated 1761, and scores of commercial and official scraps, 
some of which throw light on the time when they were made out. 

Dr. Usher Parsons. 

Two volumes. One volume contains his diary on board the Java, 
1818-19 ; the other volume contains his diary during the Lake Erie 
campaign, 1812-14. 

Dr. Parsons was born in Alfred, Me., in 1788, and died in Provi- 
dence in 1868. He was the surgeon of the fleet that won the battle 
of Lake Erie in 1813 ; was five years a professor in Brown Uni- 
versity ; was remarkably industrious and the author of several sci- 
entific and historical works. 

Boundary Line Papers. 


This volume contains an account of the Controversy about the 
Bouudary Line between Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and has 
the Journal kept by the late Judge Stephen Branch in 1844-5. 

Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. 

A well-bound folio volume containing all the correspondence rel- 
ative to the erection and dedication of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Mon- 
ument. The volume was compiled by the late John R. Bart- 
lett, and was presented to the Society by his son, Capt. John R. 
Bartlett, United States navy. 

The Society's Correspondence and Reports. 

These comprise five thick folio volumes. The autograph letters of 
eminent men who were honorary or corresponding members of the 
Society are here arranged in chronological order and possess much 
interest. The volumes are dated as follows : 

Vol. I. 1822-1833. 

Vol. II. 1833-1838. 

Vol. III. 1838-1845. 

Vol. IV. 1845-1852. 

Vol. V. 1852-18G0. 


Canal Market Corporation. 
Five well bound volumes of its records. 


No mention has thus far been made of two large autograph books ; 
the Society's record books during its seventy years' existence ; read- 
ing-room records ; hotel records ; custom house records, including a 
valuable collection kept by- William Ellery while he was the custom 
house officer at Newport ; and records of various social, charitable, 
religious and industrial institutions. 

The large collection of carefully written genealogical papers left 
by the late Rev. J. P. Root is worthy of special mention. 

The following are some among many manuscript papers not bound : 

Moses Brown. 

Letter to Tristam Burges in 1836 on Rhode Island Commerce. 
Account of the Yellow Fever in Providence, from 1791 to 1797. 
Materials towards the History of Friends in New England. 

Dr. Solomon Drowne. 

Some of his papers copied and arranged by his son, William Drowne, 
who was an author and a philanthropist. Dr. Drowne was born in 
1753; graduated in Rhode Island College in 1773 ; was a surgeon 
in the Continental army ; a professor in Brown University, and died 
in 1834. The manuscripts of Dr. Drowne and of his branch of the 
Drowne family would constitute a good folio volume. 

Capt. Stephen Olney. 

His Account of his Services in the Revolutionary War, from the 
Battle of Bunker's Hill, in 1775, to the Capture of Yorktown, in 

Col. Christopher LirpiTT. 

His Autobiographical Sketch of his Life and Services for the 
cause of Independence. 


Providence Post Office Records. 

From October, 176-1, to April, 1775. 

During this time Samuel Chace was succeeded by William Goddard 
as postmaster of Providence. 

Comer Diary. 
Miscellaneous and church matters. 


Providence Voters. 

The names of all the Freemen who voted at the Presidential elec- 
tion in Providence Nov. 2, 1840. 

Dr. E. M. Snow. 
History of the Asiatic Cholera in Providence in 1832. 

Census of Providence. 

Capt, John Gallup. 

Who was slain in the Great Swamp Fight on the 19th of Decem- 
ber, 1675. Historical sketch of his family by Mrs. Caroline Gallup 
Reed, of New York. 

French Memorial Papers. 

The library contains copies of several papers read before the So- 
ciety and deposited here in compliance with a special vote. It also 
contains the original copies of several books printed years ago, in- 
cluding much material left by a devoted friend of the Society, the 
late Rev. David Benedict, D. D. 

One of several relics of the colonial period that reached this cab- 
inet through the hands of Drs. Ezra Stiles, Abiel Holmes, Usher 
Parsons and Charles W. Parsons, is a small volume labelled thus on 
the last inside page : " Manuscript sermons wrote from the Mouth 


of the Preacher chiefly at New London, by Christopher Christo- 
phers, Esq. Gov. Saltonstall's Sermons, A. D. 1C90." The 
inscription on the first inside page is: "January 14, 1769. 
Given by Mr. Jno. Coit to the Ecclesiastical library of Rhode 
Island. Received by Ezra Stiles. Vide Holmes' Life of Stiles, 
p. 104." Rev. Gurdon Saltonstall was graduated at Harvard Uni- 
versity, in 1684, settled in New London, 1691, and was governor of 
Connecticut 1707-1724. 

It is not possible here to enumerate the papers of various kinds 
that have come into the cabiuet from various families and various 
quarters of our State and country. The need of clerks who possess 
the judgment and skill to properly assort, put in order, record and 
index the various kinds of historic material that have accumulated 
during nearly three-quarters of a century is quite apparent. 

The library has more than a hundred folio volumes of manuscripts, 
more than twenty smaller volumes, and a good number of unbound 
volumes, besides numerous unassorted manuscripts contained in 
trunks and drawers, many of which are worthy of being classified 
and arranged in folio volumes. Some of these unassorted papers re- 
late to early admiralty courts, some to State taxation, some to crim- 
inal trials, political and religious controversies and family and per- 
sonal affairs. 

B. Printed matter, constitutes the second kind of historic ma- 
terial in the library. The -founders of the Society and their succes- 
sors have put forth special efforts to collect such books and pamphlets 
as relate to Rhode Island history, including in this list works pro- 
duced by Rhode Island authors and those published on Rhode Island 
soil. Their zeal and enterprise have resulted in bringing together 
books, pamphlets, newspapers, and other printed documents that are 
decidedly helpful to students of our local history, and they have also 
secured many works that have a different scope and aim. 

There are estimated to be in the cabinet more than lo,000 books 
and two or three times that number of pamphlets besides the large 
collection of newspaper volumes (1,710) referred to further on. Ot 
the different kinds of books and pamphlets that constitute the library 
it is observable that town histories and family genealogies are mosl 
sought and consulted and the newspaper room is a favorite resort. 
Iu this collection are some rare works, which, however attractive tn 
relic hunters and traders, could not be estimated in dollars and cent> 



— works which have been presented as expressions of friendly in- 
terest in the objects of the Society and are regarded as sacred trusts. 

Each of the thirty-six municipal corporations of the State has an 
appropriate place for its historical sketches, tax-books, school re- 
ports, census returns and various documents, and each town is here 
more or less represented. The library has numerous maps and 
charts, very few of which are rare. It has a good set of Rhode 
Island Schedules ; Acts and Resolves ; a partial set of public laws 
and digests ; Supreme Court Reports ; all the directories of Provi- 
dence ; all but one of the directories of Pawtucket, and also of Woon- 
socket ; a partial set of the directories of Newport and of the towns of 
the State, together with a partial set of other municipal publications. 

The liberal contributions of friends and of kindred institutions with 
which the Society is in correspondence, will appear to advantage 
when the re-classification of the library has been accomplished. 

There is a well-arranged duplicate room in the basement of the 
new building. The lower story of the old cabinet is still to serve a9 
an audience room and also for Rhode Island publications and 
reference books. The upper story of this room is devoted to 
pamphlets arranged in three classes, in a thousand or more pamphlet 


Among the collections of the Society newspapers hold, and have 
held from the outset, a prominent place. In the upper room, in the 
east wing of the cabinet (there being in both wings six rooms, each 
19Jx47Jfeet) are shelved more than seventeen hundred bouud 
newspaper volumes, varying in the date of their publication from 
1761 to 1891. The Society's records give some idea as to whence 
many of its newspaper volumes have come. Long before the State 
began to deposit (in 1875) its volumes in the cabinet, the Society 
had a good collection. The late William G. Goddard, who succeeded 
his father as a journalist, and was one of the founders of this insti- 
tution, presented to the Society a numerous collection of newspaper 
volumes, ou some of which is written the name of his father. A mem- 
ber of the same family has since added to these gifts. 

Among the newspapers thus received are fifteen or twenty thick 
volumes published (either in Philadelphia, Baltimore or Alexandria), 
between 1761 and 1791. From various other sources have been re- 
ceived many contributions of the same general character, as, for 



example, the Liberator, 1837-18G5 ; the Boston Journal, 1857-1867 ; 
the National Intelligencer^ 1810-1830, except for the years 1811, 
1815, 1817 and 1825 ; the Journal of Commerce, 1843-1849 : Ship- 
ping and Commercial List, 1842-1845, and many other broken sets 
of highly prized old newspapers. Gifts of valuable newspapers con- 
tinue to be received. Many volumes are added by purchase. In 
March, 1889, over two hundred volumes were thus procured. 
. More than nine-tenths of the newspapers of which the Society is 
either the owner or the custodian, were published in Rhode Island. 
A beginning has been made in the work required in the newspaper 
room. The volumes of each series of papers are arranged, as they 
should be, in chronological order, though not catalogued, and the 
different series of a city or town are placed near each other. 
The Newport Mercury, the oldest Rhode Island newspaper, occupies 
the foremost place in the room. Its early volumes are wanting. 
Though its publication was begun in 1758, the first volume found 
here is that of 1772, and there are many serious breaks in the list 
after that period. 

The next series in order of time is the Providence Gazette, which 
was begun in 1762. This was absorbed by the Providence Journal, 
and has been continued under the latter name to the present time, — 
one hundred and thirty years. Though each year is represented in 
the Society's collection by either a weekly, a semi-weekly or a daily 
issue, a volume of one or the other of these kinds is here and there 

At one end of the long shelf row of these volumes is the volume of 
1762, which, bound up with the volumes of five other years, consti- 
tutes a volume of very moderate size and thickness, while, at the 
other end are the three large thick volumes of 1891. The Mercury and 
Gazette-Journal series of papers are followed by other series of de- 
cided interest and value. With improved lists of all our local papers, 
especially those of an early date, the hope is entertained that at no 
distant day a history of the newspapers of the respective cities and 
towns of the State may be compiled. 

One of the six large new rooms, referred to above, is devoted 
to the publications, duly grouped, of all the New England States, ex- 
cept Rhode Island. Another of these rooms is devoted to the 
publications of all the Slates of the Union except those of New Eng- 
land. Here each State speaks for itself. In the New England 
group Massachusetts has the most inviting show. Of the States out- 


side of New England, New York probably appears to best advantage. 
In another room are to be classified and arranged the publications of 
the United States government and of the Smithsonian Institution, 
and in still another room are to be the publications of foreign coun- 
tries and collections of miscellaneous literature. 

C. The third class of historic material consists of paintings, en- 
gravings, badges, medals, flags, swords, and relics or memorials of 
various kinds (not written or printed) that illustrate local history. 

The upper room in the Avest wing of the building is devoted 
to this class of material and to constitute an historic museum where 
will be found, it is presumed, illustrations of the Indian period of 
Rhode Island history, of the colonial period, and of the industries, 
manners, customs and events of various periods. Some of the arti- 
cles that will find here an appropriate place are Indian money, Indian 
domestic utensils, Indian implements of war, together with relics of 
King Philip's War, the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary 
War, the War of 1812, the Dorr War, the War of the Rebellion, 
and, it is hoped, also emblems of peace and good will among men. 

In a large fire-proof safe is the blue jacket worn by Commodore 
Oliver Hazard Perry on the 10th of September, 1813, when he 
fought and won the battle of Lake Erie ; and near it is the elegant 
and costly sword, on which is engraved the following inscription : 









Another article of much interest belonging to this class of material 
is a panoramic view of Providence as it appeared eighty years ago to 
a person standing at the junction of Broadway and At well's avenue 
and looking eastward. This picture, which was painted by Mr. 
Worrall, was begun in 1808 and completed in 1812. It served for 
nearly a score of years as a drop scene in the old Providence theatre, 
which stood on the site of Grace Church. After bavins been laid 


aside most of the time for threescore years it is now unrolled and 
exposed to view on the north wall of the old cabinet where it gives 
a good idea of a portion of the town when many of the Revolutionary 
fathers were daily seen upon the streets. 

Other illustrations of this class are in the portrait gallery which 
constitutes a marked feature of the enlarged cabinet. This gallery is 
twenty-seven feet square and has a sky -light which shows to advantage 
the valuable paintings already hung on its walls. Under this dome is an 
inviting place for the portraits of Rhode Island men and women who 
have done honor to themselves, their State and their country. 

Some of the portraits and pictures in the portrait gallery are as 
follows : 

James Fenner, artist, Lincoln, copied by Miss Chapin ; John 
Howland, artist, Lincoln ; Albert G. Greene, artist, Lincoln ; 
Samuel G. Arnold, artist, Miss Chapin ; Zachariah Alleu, artist, 
Lincoln ; William Gammell, artist, Breuil ; Thomas M. Clark, 
artist, Heade ; John Callender, artist, Feke ; James McSparran, 
artist, Smibert, copied by Miss Updike; Mrs. J. McSparran, artist, 
Smibert, copied by Miss Updike ; Henry Barnard, artist, Lincoln ; 
Charles D. Jillson, artist, Lincoln ; Thomas F. Carpenter, artist, 
Lincoln ; Elisha Dyer, artist, Lincoln ; Samuel Eddy, artist, 
Alexander ; Tom Howland, artist, Blanchard ; Oliver H. Perry, frame 
made from apiece of his flagship, the Lawrence ; Daniel Webster, 
John H. Mason, Joseph Belcher, Joseph "Wanton, Mrs. Joseph 
Wanton,William Barton, Catharine R. Williams, John H. Eddy, Enos 
Hitchcock, Thomas Coles, James Burrill, Lewis L. Miller, Francis 
Wayland, Abraham Whipple, Joseph W. Fearing, Ambrose E. Burn- 
side, William E. Channing ; A Scene at the Great Bridge during 
the September Gale of 1815, artist, Wall, copied by J. R. Bartlett ; 
Federal Hill as seen from Canal street in 1829, artist, Harris ; India 
Point in 1847, artist, Kinsley C. Gladding; Wall Street, New York, 
in 1815. 

No detailed account of the library can here be given. Some idea 
of its scope and character may, however, be gained from a considera- 
tion of the facts already stated and the classification adopted. Be- 
sides its various manuscripts, the library consists of 15,000 books, 
many of which are of a high order and well bound; 35,000 pam- 
phlets, 1,700 volumes of newspapers and numerous relics, memorials 
and works of art that properly belong to an historic museum. Many 
curious and interesting articles of the last kind have not been re- 


moved from their quiet resting places for years, and, in the opinion 
of the librarian, should not be disturbed until cases are prepared to 
receive and to protect them from fingers that have done some mis- 
chief and are ready to do more. 

If the work laid out is carried forward as it should be, this insti- 
tution will supplement and elevate the system of public education of 
which the people of the State are justly proud. 

The Society* has become by force of circumstances a recognized 
medium of communication with institutions and individuals engaged 
in kindred pursuits, and it has thus had devolved upon it a large 
amount of correspondence to conduct which requires time and effort. 
Its cabinet is a resort for persons seeking historical and genealogical 
information and local statistics. Rhode Islanders and their descend- 
ants residing in different parts of the country come or send here to 
gain information about their family lines and ancestral homes. 
Some come to settle titles to real estate ; some to consult newspapers, 
and learn about scenes and events of which they have heard ; and 
some to ascertain whether they are entitled to become members of 
the Order of the Cincinnati, or of the Society of the Sons or of the 
Daughters of the Revolution. 

The collections of the Society, as shown in the foregoing very im- 
perfect sketch, are not all that could be wished; nay, they are not 
what they would have been if the Society had been organized a third 
of a century earlier and provided with a suitable cabinet ; yet these 
collections, however fragmentary, are of such value that were they 
destroyed, the State of Rhode Island, with all its material wealth, 
would be thereby impoverished. 

The enlightened policy inaugurated by the founders of this Society 
of seeking to preserve the archives of the State and various papers 
that illustrate the fundamental principles of our social and political 
fabric is now endorsed by several of our most progressive states and 
most advanced statesmen. They regard historical societies as a part 
of an expanded system of public education. There is authority for 
the statement that papers illustrating the fundamental principles of 
government often serve as means of amicable settlements of questious 
that would otherwise involve expensive litigation. 

The Society has a sphere of action of unquestioned importance. 
Though it is threescore and ten years old, it seems just setting out 
on a career of increased usefulness. It has recently acquired a pub- 

* Formed April ly, and chartered June 15, 1S22. 



lication fund of S3, 000, and a general fund of $25,000. It has now 
a cabinet whose floor area is five times greater than that of the old 
cabinet and whose book-shelf and pamphlet-case capacity is ten times 
greater. Still its needs and wants are pressing on every hand. It 
needs to have its building finished and furnished. It needs to have 
its financial resources so increased that it can sustain an efficient su- 
pervisory and clerical force. It needs means to procure facilities for 
historical research and investigation, including encyclopedias, his- 
torical and genealogical dictionaries, town histories, and various 
other works of reference. Lastly, it needs and should have, with 
the least possible delay, such an ample publication fund as will en- 
able it to issue from the press each year a volume of collections as 
well as of proceedings. Thus prepared for its work, it will be in a 
way to enrich and ennoble the life of the State, make a substantial 
return for favors received from kindred institutions with which it is 
associated, and perpetuate the memory of the founders and benefac- 
tors of the Society as well as of the State and of the nation. 

Index of Papers and Topics in Foregoing Sketch. 

Asiatic Cholera, 91. 

Backus Papers, 84. 

Boundary Line Papers, 89. 

Brown (Moses) Papers, 79,80,90. 

Canal Market Corporation Re- 
cords, 90. 

Comer Diary, 91. 

Connecticut Manuscripts, 87. 

Cooke Papers, 84. 

Deeds (Ancient), 88. 

Drowne Papers, 90. 

Eddy Papers, 88. 

Ellery Custom House Records, 90. 

Esten Papers, 87. 

Fenner Papers, 86-87. 

Field Papers, 87. 

Foster Papers, 81-2. 

French Memorial Papers, 91. 

Gallup, (Col. John), 91. 

Gorton (Samuel) Essavs, 88. 

Harris Papers, 83. 

Historical Museum, 77, 95. 

Hopkins Papers, 84. 

Massachusetts and Rhode Island 
Manuscripts. 88. 

Military Papers, 82-3. 

I Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 86. 
i Miscellaneous Papers, SG. 
I Newspapers, 93-4. 
J Olnev (Col. Christopher) Papers. 

Olney (Capt. Stephen) Papers, 90. 

Orderly Books, 78. 

Papers Relating to Providence, 

Parsons (Dr. Usher) Papers, 80. 

Perry Sword and Uniform, 95. 

Portrait Gallery, Contents of, 96. 

Providence, Census of, 1790. 91. 

Providence Post Ollice Records, 9 1 . 

Providence Voters, 1841, 91. 

Reed. (Col. Sylvanus) 78. 

Rhode Island Manuscripts, S4-5. 

Saltonstall (Rev. Gurdon) Ser- 
mons, 92. 

Society's Correspondence, 89. 

Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. 

Stiles (Ezra). 82, 92. 

Tiliingliast Papers. 83. 

Updike Papers. 87. 

Whipple Papers, ^8-9. 




Richmond P. Everett, Treasurer, in account -:ith the Rhode Island 
Historical Society. 

Jan. : 




To cash on hand, 


$54 or 

973 6S 







/ / 




1 1 




$2,991 S- 

Income from investments of Samuel M 

and Henry J. Steere legacies, 
State of Rhode Island, 
Taxes from 241 members, 
Fees of admission, 44 members. 
From a friend, 
Sale of books, 

Interest from Life Membership fund, 
Salem excursion, 
Interest, .... 


Salaries of librarian and assistant, 

Postage, meetings, and express, . 

Library committee, 

Proceedings for 1S91-92, 

Fuel and gas. 

Building and grounds. 

Insurance on new extension of building, 

Restoring portraits, 

Cash on hand, 

$2,991 8g 
Rhode Island Hospital Trust Company, . 491 Si 



Providence, Jan. 11, 1S92. 

We have examined the above account and find it correct. 

Lewis J. Chace, 
Edwin Barrows, 
Henry T. Beckwith. 







I 77 












Audit Committee. 



Life Membership Fund. 

Richmond P. Everett, Treasurer, in account zvith the Rhode Island 
Historical Society. 


Jan. 13. To cash on hand, .... 
April 10. John L. Troup, for membership, 
Arnold Greene, " 

Walter Callender, " 

16. Lucian Sharpe, " 

Joseph Banigan, " 

Aug. 20. Interest from Providence Institution for Savings 
for January and July, 1S91, 
Interest from Mechanics Savings Bank for Jan 
uary and July, 1891, 













44 04 




Aug. 20. Interest from Providence Institution for Savings 
for January and July, 1891, 
Interest from Mechanics Savings Bank for Jan- 
uary and July, iS9t , . 
Carried to general account. 

Jan. 12. 

To cash on hand, 

Providence Institution for Savings, 
Mechanics Savings Bank, . 

1,090 90 
S02 S6 

$r,S 9 3 76 

$1,967 62 

44 04 
29 82 

1,893 76 
$1,967 62 

Providence, Jan. 11, 1S92. 
We have examined the above account and find it correct. 

Lewis J. Chace, 
Edwin Barkows, 
Henry T. Beckwith, 

A u dit Co m m ititt • 


Publication Fund. 

Richmond P. Everett, Treasurer, in account -with the Rhode Island 
Historical Society. 


Jan. 13. To cash on hand, ..... $3,230 82 
May 16. S. R. Honey, for seventh volume of Proceedings, 2 50 

Oct. 31. Interest from Rhode Island Hospital Trust Co., 94 46 

$3,327 78 


Jan. 12. To cash on hand, ..... $3,327 7S 

$3,327 7S 

Deposited in the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Co. 

Providence, Jan. 11, 1S92. 

We have examined the above account and find it correct. 

Lewis J. Chace, 
Edwin Barrows, 
Henry T. Beckwith. 

Audit Committee. 

102 rhode island historical society, 

Building Fund. 

Richmond P. Everett, Treasurer, in accoiait with the Rhode Island 
Historical Society. 



Jan. 13. 

To cash on hand, 

Feb. 26. 

George J. West, 

Mar. 9. 

James Coats, . 
Frank F. Olney, 


Julia Bullock, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Gammell, 


F. S. Hoppin, 


John W. Danielson, . 


Charles W. Parsons, 
Wm. Jones Hoppin, . 
John E. Weeden, 


Samuel Foster, 


Robert H. I. Goddard, 


Thomas J. Hill, 
George M. Carpenter, 

April 1. 

Henry A. Hidden, 


Nicholas Sheldon, 


William G. Weld, 


Julia Bullock, - . 

May 7. 

Mrs. H. G. Russell, . 
Wm. D. Ely, . 


Julia Bullock, . 

June 23. 

A. L. Ord way, 


Marsden J. Perry, 


A Friend, 

July 2. 

D. Russell Brown, 


Wm. H. Hoppin, 


Arthur H. Watson, 
John McAuslan, 


D. L. D. Granger, 

July 31. 

George C. Nightingale, Jr., 

Aug. 3. 

Charles H. George, . 


Hiram Howard, 


Henry B. Gardner, 

Oct. 12. 

J. B. Gardiner, 


For the sale of old furnace. 


Interest from Rhode Island \ 



Trust Co. 

Tan. 6. Rowland Hazard, 

35 °° 
;: 66 

2CO Ov^ 






















































2 5 
















Jan. 14. 


June 20. 



Worcester Steam Heating Co., 

P. O. Connor; 

Boston Electric Co., . 

Freeborn Coggeshall, 

John R. Shirley, 

George D. Lansing, assignee for J 

balance of account, 
George D. Lansing, assignee, 
J. W. Dornsife, 
Stone, Carpenter & Wilson, bill of services 

W. Dornsife, 

ing to $16,196, at 5 per cent., . $809 So 

Express on plans to G, W. F. Smith & Co., 15 

Telephone to Worcester Steam Heating Co., So 



$421 50 

200 00 

55 00 

47 45 

20 00 

1,104 33 

26 84 

20 00 

July 16. 

Credit by contribution, 
Henry M. Horton, on account 
D. F. Logan, . 
Henry M. Horton. 
Joseph Bardsley, 011 account 
J. M. Burnham, 
Henry M. Horton, 
Joseph Bardsley, 
Brown & Sharpe Manufactu 
G. F. Warner Manufacturing 
W. G. Heath & Co., . 
Henry M. Horton, 
Boston Electric Co., . 
W. G. Heath & Co., . 
Joseph Barsdley, 

John R. Shirley, 
Henry M. Horton, 
To cash on hand, 

Providence, Jan. 11. 1S92. 

We have examined the above account and find it correct. 

Lewis J. Chace, 
Edwin Barrows, 
Henry T. Beckwitii, 














I 7 








>Sio 75 

400 00 

4io 75 


, • • 

1,500 00 
8 00 
900 00 
300 00 
104 00 
210 So 
57 SS 

ring Co., 

2 64 

g Co., . 

7 7o 

56 21 

167 18 

10 75 

S 22 


22 50 
100 13 
131 63 

$5,921 24 

Audit Committee. 


Investment Fund. 

Samuel ML Noyes (Legacy), ..... $12,000 00 
Henry J. Steere (Legacy), ..... 10,00000 

Invested as follows : 

Mortgages, . . . . . $i5-7 ;: 

Bonds, ...... 3 .500 

Rhode Island Hospital Trust Co.. participation ace':. : .75: 

No restrictions in regard to interest. 

Ira B. Peck (Legacy). ...... 1.000 00 

William Gammell, ^Legacy), ..... 1,000 00 

Albert J. Jones, (Legacy), ..... .1,000 oc 

Interest to Oct. 3, 189.1, . . . . . . 906c 

Restricted — the interest to be expended for publications in that 

Deposited in Rhode Island Hospital Trust Co., p.v. . : ~.- 

Examined and found correct. 

Providence, Tan. n, 1892, 

Lewis T. Chace. 
Edwix Barrows. 
Henry T. Beckwith. 

Ah^:':: C 


John Pitman Mumford was born in Newport, 
Rhode Island, Feb. 24, 1S15, and died in Providence, 
Feb. iS, 1S91. 

He was the eldest son of Thomas Gardner and 
Mary (Lynden Wilson) Mumford. 

He attended the schools in his native town. At 
the ao-e of fifteen he came to Providence and found 


employment in a store in Simmonsville. 

He was afterwards for a short time in the marble 
business, but the greater part of his life was spent in 
the wholesale orocerv business. 

He first formed a partnership with Stillman Per- 
kins. In 1856 Mr. Perkins retired from the firm, and 
Mr. Mumford formed a partnership with James \Y. 
YVinsor. This partnership, under the name of YVin- 
sor & Mumford, lasted until 1S59. Mr. Mumford 
continued in the business until 1S69, when on account 
of poor health he was obliged to retire from active 
business life. 

He was a thorouQ-hlv self-made man, honest and 
upright in all his dealings with his fellow-men. 

He was twice married. A son of his first and a 
daughter of his second marriage survive him. 

Mr. Mumford became a resident member of this 
Society in 1S77, and a life member in 1SS3. He mani- 
fested a warm interest in the objects of the Society, 
visiting its cabinet and attending its meetings as often 

as his health and strength would permit, 


Hon. Henry Lippitt. The subject of this sketch 
was born in Providence, Oct. 9, 18 18, and died there 
June 5, 1 89 1. He was the son of Warren and Eliza 
(Seamans) Lippitt, being descended from John Lip- 
pitt, who came to Rhode Island in 1638. He was one 
of our five governors who owed descent to Lewis 
Latham, Falconer of Charles I. His ancestors, 
Christopher and Charles Lippitt, were prominent in 
the Revolutionary War, and were among the pioneers 
in the manufacture of cotton. 

He was educated at the academy in Kingston, leav- 
ing school to be employed as clerk for four years by 
Burr & Smith at Warren. In November, 1S35, he 
became bookkeeper for Josiah Chapin & Co., Provi- 
dence, continuing in that capacity three years. In 
1838, with Edward Walcott and Amory Chapin 
(special), he formed the partnership of Walcott & Lip- 
pitt for a commission business in cotton and printing 
cloths. In 1840 Mr. Walcott retired, and the firm be- 
came Amory Chapin & Co. until the death of Mr. 
Chapin in 1846. Robert L. Lippitt was then associ- 
ated with his elder brother until his death in 1S5S, 
under the firm of H. & R. Lippitt. Henry Lippitt's 
manufacturing operations began in 1S48; he was in- 
terested in a great number of enterprises — chiefly 
for making cotton goods — at Danielsonville, Ct, 
Newport, Woonsocket,Smithfield, Manville and Prov- 
idence. The Social Manufacturing Company at 
Woonsocket owns about 150,090 spindles. Mr. Lip- 
pitt was President of the Rhode Island National 
Bank, Rhode Island Institution for Savings, Lippitt 
Woolen Company, Silver Spring Bleaching and Dye- 
ing Company, Wheaton (/. f., Narragansett) Hotel 


Company, Providence Opera House Association, 
Dyer Street Land Company, Colonia Warehouse and 
Dry Dock Company of Uruguay, and was Treasurer 
of the Social Manufacturing Company. He was 
prominent in founding and conducting the Board of 
Trade in Providence. 

He married Dec. 16, 1845, Mary Ann, eldest daugh- 
ter of Dr. Joseph Balch; she died Aug. 31, 1889. 
Three sons and three daughters, Charles Warren, 
Jeanie, Henry Frederic, Mary Balch, Robert Lincoln, 
and Abby Francis survive Governor Lippitt. 

Mr. Lippitt's best mill, the "Social," was burned in 
1874. He was one of the few who can turn adverse 
circumstances into the opportunity for success. Im- 
mediately he built a much larger and better equipped 
establishment ; the facilities thus acquired giving him 
a more extensive and more certain market. In this, 
as always, he moved directly for the best that was to 
be had. Once, when remonstrated with for selling- 
some fairly good machines, he said, " My life is not 
long enough to be spent in handling old machinery." 

Not lonor after, through the misfortunes of a neio;h- 
boring manufacturer, Mr. Lippitt became liable for 
heavy endorsements. A large debt must be met at 
once, and it was a crucial time. Whether he could 
pay all that he owed was by no means certain ; every 
one felt that he would try ; in that purpose and con- 
scious strength rested the main hope of all interested. 
The many creditors rather hoped than believed, and 
said, " Let us pull together and with the debtor, hop- 
ing for the best." None suffered, and they all re- 
ceived full satisfaction. 


Hardly were the foundations of his business and his 
fortunes made firm again beneath his feet, when his 
public career opened out into new prospects. He had 
been. Lieutenant-Colonel of the Marine Artillery, 
serving actively in the Dorr War. Early in the fifties 
he was conspicuous in the government of Providence, 
especially in moving the city in behalf of the railway 
to Hartford. The elders could not always brook the 
impetuous energy of this young leader. But the late 
Samuel Dexter, a man of careful judgment, going 
home from a public meeting, surprised his wife by the 
saying, "Young Henry Lippitt had the meeting in 
hand and handled it easily." 

He was ambitious for political distinction. Spirited 
and energetic, always exerting himself freely in public 
affairs, he looked eagerly for promotion by his native 
commonwealth — the state that he dearly loved. He 
had served the United States faithfully, being com- 
missioner for the county of Providence to enroll and 
draft men under President Lincoln's call for 300,000 
men in 1862. He had always worked for the Repub- 
lican party, and his opportunity came in 1S75, when it 
gave him the nomination for governor. But our state 
politics have often developed personal oppositions and 
the clashing of personal interests. A severe contest 
in convention led to a split and a divided election. 
The contestant never faltered, but fought his way 
steadily to the chair of state. In the centennial year, 
1S76, the Providence Journal, which had opposed his 
first election, voiced the public sentiment in these 
words : "As a leader in political and popular move- 
ments, he earned a reputation for executive ability, 
which his experience for one year in the chair of 



state has fully justified. Even those who most earn- 
estly opposed the- election of Mr. Lippitt last year 
concede that his official duties have been discharged 
with a high degree of ability, judgment and intelli- 

Governor Lippitt knew not much of the learning of 
the schools, though he highly prized education, and 
despised that shallow depreciation shouted by inferior 
men of a knowledge they have not. He knew little 
and cared little for formal dialectics. He had what 
was better. His eager eye quickly caught the move- 
ment of things ; his dome-like head carried a brain 
that marshalled facts readily, assimilated principles 
and set forth prompt deductions, appealing forcibly to 
his hearers. He was a powerful speaker on any mat- 
ter that interested him. He could move the convic- 
tions or the prejudices of his hearers. 

His strength and his limitations were in this active, 
energetic, even restless personality. He managed 
public trusts admirably and his own affairs success- 
fully, as we have sketched. But he was not a good co- 
operator in an ordinary enterprise. His constant and 
somewhat aggressive personality did not fall into mo- 
saic with other men. Severely critical and naturally 
irascible, his irritability was upon the surface rather 
than deep going. In all essential doings he was a 
thoroughly kind-hearted man. Generous and loyal, 
he never turned back on a friend. 

" Strong as a tower in hope," 

our late associate loved his country, was kind and 
generous to his family and friends, paid his debts, and 
conducted large enterprises to successful results. 


Prof. John Larkin Lincoln, LL. D., died in Provi- 
dence, Saturday, Oct. 17, 1 89 1, in the seventy-fifth year 
of his age. He was the son of Ensign and Sophia 
Olive (Larkin) Lincoln, and was born in Boston, 
Feb. 23, 181 7. His father was the senior partner in 
the publishing house of Lincoln & Edmunds, and 
was noted for his activity as a lay preacher among 
the weaker churches of the religious denomination to 
which he was attached. The oldest son, Rev. T. O. 
Lincoln, was for many years a Baptist preacher of 
repute in the State of Maine. Another son, the late 
Rev. Dr. Heman Lincoln, after a long pastorate in 
Providence, was, until his decease, a professor in the 
Newton Theological Institution. The subject of this 
sketch was educated in the schools of his native city, 
entering the Boston Latin School at the early age of 
nine, and graduating with the valedictory. In 1832, 
at the age of fifteen, he entered the Freshman Class of 
Brown University. Immediately after graduating he 
was appointed a tutor in Columbian College, Wash- 
ington, where he remained one year. In the fall of 
1837 he entered the Newton Theological Institution, 
where he remained two years, when, having been ap- 
pointed a tutor in Brown University, he removed to 
Providence. This position he held two years, teach- 
ing with success, and winning the love and confidence 
of his pupils and associates. President Wayland, 
whom he greatly venerated and loved, advised him to 
make teaching his profession for life, and, accordingly, 
in the fall of 1841, he went abroad to pursue his 
studies at the German universities. He spent one 
year in Halle with Professors Tholuck, Muller, 
Gesenius and Bernhardy. Another year was spent 


in Berlin under Professors Neander, Hengstenberg 
and Boeckh. He made excursions to Geneva, Paris 
and Rome, returning home in 1844. 

In the fall of 1844 he entered upon his duties as 
Assistant Professor of Latin. The following year he 
was made Professor of the Latin Language and Lit- 
erature, and this position he held until his decease, a 
period of forty-six years. In 1857 he went abroad a sec- 
ond time, partly on account of his health, and was ab- 
sent six months. Upon his return he took charge of a 
school for young ladies in Providence, which had 
been established by the late John Kingsbury, ll. d. 
This he taught with distinguished success for eight 
years, during which time he retained his connection 
with the college, giving partial instruction in the 
Latin department. In the summer of 1878 he took 
a third trip to Europe, and ten years later a fourth 
and last trip, this time remaining a year. In 1859 he 
received from his Alma Mater the honorary degree 
of LL. D. He has prepared editions of Livy, Horace 
and Ovid, which have been well received by classical 
scholars all over the land. He has been a prolific 
writer, contributing to the columns of the Providence 
Journal, the Watchman, the Examiner, the Baptist- 
Quarterly, and other periodicals. The University has 
long been dependent on him for the Latin of its 
diplomas and triennial catalogues. 

For more than half a century Professor Lincoln 
has been intimately connected with the affairs of the 
University. His presence in the meetings of the 
Faculty, and in all the social gatherings has been an 
inspiration. To the students he was always a per- 
sonal friend, sympathizing with them in their trials 


and discouragements, and rejoicing with them in all 
their successes. His portrait in Sayles Memorial 
Hall, the Lincoln Memorial Fund, the Lincoln Field, 
and the Lincoln Library Association, are proofs of 
the estimation in which he is held by the graduates ; — 
and they will serve to hand down his name- and his 
merits to coming generations. Mention should be 
made of his religious character. He was not an 
ascetic, but he was a sincere and devout Christian, 
attached to the principles of the Baptists, and liberal 
and catholic in all his views. For nearly a quarter of 
a century he was an active deacon of the venerable 
First Church. He was President of the Society, 
Superintendent of the Sunday School, President of 
the Baptist Sunday School Convention, President of 
the Baptist Social Union, and in all ways thoroughly 
identified with the best interests of the church, the 
college, and the Baptist denomination. 

Professor Lincoln was married July 29, 1846, to 
Laura Eloise, daughter of Earl Douglas and Lydia 
(Wheaton) Pearce, of' Providence, who survives him. 
Their children are William Ensign, Arthur, John Lar- 
kin, Laura, and James Granger. All the sons, and 
the son-in-law, Charles Sidney Waldo, are graduates of 
the University. In 1879 he was elected a member of 
this Society. He has read papers on " Tacitus, the 
Historian," on " The Emperor Marcus Aurelius," and 
on "The Historian Leopold von Ranke." For many 
years he has been a member of the Standing Com- 
mittee on Lectures. 




Advance Club, Providence. 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, 

American Philosophical Society, Philadel- 

Amherst College, Amherst, Mass. 

Boston Associated Charities, Boston. 

Boston City Messenger, Boston. 

Boston Public Library, Boston. 

Brooklyn Library, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Brown University, Providence. 

Buffalo Historical Society, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Canadian Institute, Toronto, Canada. 

Cayuga County Historical Society, Au- 
burn, N. Y. 

Chicago Board of Trade, Chicago. 

Columbian Bicycle Co., Boston. 

Columbian Exposition Committee, Chica- 
go, 111. 

Connecticut Adjutant General's Office, 
Hartford. Conn. 

Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, 

Coombs H. M. & Co., Providence. 

Coop & Boms, Providence. 

Dedham Historical Society, Dedhani, Mass. 

Delaware Historical Society, Wilmington, 

Demit Dispensary, New York. 

Dominion Land Surveyors' Association, 
Ottawa, Ca. 

Denmark Royal Society of Northern Anti- 
quaries, Copenhagen, Den. 

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. 

General Theological Seminary, New York. 

Halifax Historical Society, Halifax, N. S. 

Hartford Theological Seminary, Hartford, 

Harvard University, Cambridge. 

Huguenot Society of America, New York. 

Hyde Park Historical Society, Hyde Park, 

Iowa State Historical Society, Iowa City. 

Irrepressible Society, Providence. 

Johns Hopkins Universitv, Baltimore, 

Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, 

Longman, Green & Co., New York. 

Long Island Historical Society, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Lowell Old Residents' Historical Society, 
Lowell, Mass. 

Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, 

Maine Historical Society, Portland, Me. 

Massachusetts Board Railroad Commis- 
sioners, Boston. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. 

Massachusetts State Library, Boston. 

Michigan State Library, Lansing, Mich. 

Michigan University, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul. 

Nebraska State Historical Society, Lin- 
coln, Neb. 

Nebraska, University, Lincoln, Neb. 

Newberry Library, Ciiicago. 

New England Historical and Genealogical 
Society, Boston. 

New Haven Colony Historical Society, 
New Haven, Conn. 

New London Historical Society, New 
London, Conn. 

New York Historical Society, New York. 

New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Norwegian University, Kristiania, Nor- 

Ohio Historical and Philosophical Society, 
Cincinnati, O. 

Oneida Historical Society, Utica, N. Y. 

Pawtucket City Council Centenary Com- 
mittee, Pawtucket. 

Pennsylvania Historical Society, Phila- 

Philadelphia Numismatic and Anti«iuariau 
Society, Philadelphia. 

Providence Art Institute, Providence. 

Providence City Messenger, Providence. 

Providence National Bank, Providence. 

Providence Journal Co. 

Providence Public Librarv, Providence. 



Quebec Literary and Historical Society, 
Quebec, Can. 

Redwood Library, Newport. 

Rhode Island Peace Society, Providence. 

Rhode Island State, Providence. 

Rhode Island State Charities and Correc- 
tions, Providence. 

Rhode Island State Government, Provi- 

Rhode Island State School for the Deaf, 

Rhode Island Women's Club, Providence. 

Royal Historical Society, London, Hanover 
Square, W. 

Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co., 
Salem, Mass. 

Salem Public Library, Salem, Mass. 

Sampson, Murdock & Co., Providence. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
D. C. 

Southern California Historical 'Society, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Mo. 

Travelers' Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Tennessee State Board of Health, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Tufts' College, College Hill, Mass. 

United States Bureau of Education, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

United States Bureau of Statistics, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, 
Washington, D. C 

United States Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. 

United States Department of State, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

United States Department of War, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

United States Life Saving Service, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Union for Christian Work, Providence. 

Vermont State Library, Montpelier, Vt. 

Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, 

Washington State Historical Society, Ta- 
coma, Washington. 

Wisconsin State Historical Society, Mad- 
ison, Wis. 

Westchester County Historical Society, 
White Plains, N. Y. 

World's Fair Committee, Chicago. 

Yale University, New Haven, Conn. 

Young Men's Christian Association, Provi- 




Adums, Charles Francis, Boston, 
Addeman, Joshua 31., Providence. 
Aldrich, Xelson W., Providence. 
Ames, John G., Washington, D. C. 
Anthony, Lewis W., Providence. 
Arnold, Rev. Henry T., New York. 
Austin, John O., Providence. 
Ayer, Mrs. William F., Providence. 
Bailey, William W., Providence. 
Baker, Miss Virginia, Warren. 
Ball, Nicholas, Block Island. 
Ballon, Latimer W., Woonsocket. 
Barlow, George, Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Beckwith Henry T., Providence. 
Benedict, Miss Maria M., Providence. 
Benjamin, Walter R., New York. 
Bliss, George X., East Providence. 
Boon, Charles E., Xarraganselt Pier. 
Bradlee, Rev. Caleb D., Boston. 
Brayton, John S., Fall River, Mass. 
Browne, Keyes D , Providence. 
Bucklin, Elisha W., Pawtucket. 
Calder, Albert L., Providence. 
Carpenter, Rev. C. C, Andover, Mass. 
Carpenter, George M., Providence. 
Catlin, Charles A , Providence. 
Chace, John A., Washington. 
Chapman, A. F., Boston. 
Clark, Rt. Rev. Thomas M., Providence. 
Coffin, Charles Carlton, Boston. 
Collins, George L., M. D., Providence. 
Conant, Hezekiah, Pawtucket. 
Cranston, George K., Providence. 
Cranston, Henry C, Providence. 
Davis, Henry It., Providence. 
Davis, John W., Pawtucket. 
Denison, Charles H., Brooklyn, X. Y. 
Denison, Rev. Frederic, Providence. 
De Peyster, J. Watts, Tivoli, Duches3 

. County, N. Y. 
Dickinson, Thomas A., Worcester, Mass. 
Dodge, James II., Boston. 
Drake, William, Providence. 
Draper, Daniel, M. D., New York. 
Drowne, Henry T., New York. 
Drowne, Rev. T. Stafford, Flatbush, N. Y. 

Dufoss6, E., 27 Rue Guenegard, Paris. 

Dyer, Elisha, Providence. 

Earle, Charles R., Providence. 

Eaton, Amasa M., Providence. 

Eddy, Albert & Co., Providence. 

Ely, William D., Providence. 

Everett, Richmond P., Providence. 

Farnham, J. E. C, Providence. 

Fillmore, C. W., M. D., Providence. 

Fisher, Charles 1L, M. D., Providence. 

Flagg, Charles O., Kingston. 

Folsom, A. A., Boston. 

Foster, William E., Providence. 

Freeman, E. L. &Co., Providence. 

Fritz, George, Jr., Providence. 

Frost, Walter B., Providence. 

Gardner, C, New York. 

Giddings, Rev. Edward, Housatonic, Mass. 

Ginn & Co., Boston. 

Glezen, E. K., Providence. 

Goodwin, Almon K., Providence. 

Goodwin, James J., Hartford, Conn. 

Gorton, Charles, Providence. 

Green, Arnold, Providence. 

Green, Samuel A., M. D., Boston. 

Greene, Maria L., Boston. 

Greene, Samuel S., Worcester, Mass. 

Greene, William B., 128 Broadway, X. Y. 

Griffin, Rev. William Elliot, Boston. 

Guild, Reuben A., Providence. 

Hale, Rev. Edward E., Boston. 

Hassam, John T., Boston. 

Hazard, Rowland, Peace Dale. 

Hill, Thomas J., 1'rovidence. 

Hoadley, Charles J., Hartford, Conn. 

Holt, Henry, Xew York. 

Hooker, John, Hartford, Conn. 

Hopkins, Charles \Y., Providence. 

Houghton, George W., Boston. 

Howard, George E., Lincoln, Xeb. 

Howard, Rev. R. B., Boston. 

Hubbard, Luther P., Xew York. 

Hunt, Miss Ellen G., Providence. 

Jameson, J. Franklin, Providence. 

Jecht, Richard. M. D., Gorlitz, Prussia. 

Jencks, Albert V., Providence. 



Jones, C. C, Augusta, Ga. 

Jones, Daniel L., 40 McKibbin street, 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Jones, Henry C, New York. 
Joslin, H. V. A., Providence. 
King, Moses, Boston. 
Knowles, Edward R., Providence. 
Knowles, Mrs. John M., Providence. 
Ladd, Warren, New Bedford, Mass. 
Lee, Charles A., Pawtucket. 
Lincoln, Frederic \Y., Boston. 
Low, Seth, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Maine, Rev. A. E., Ashaway. 
Manchester, Rev. Alfred, £ > rovidence. 
Manchester, Edwin H., Providence. 
Mason, George C, Newport. 
McComrick, William H., Providence. 
McDowell, William O., New York. 
McGuiiiness, Edwin D., Providence. 
Meader, Lewis H., Providence. 
Metcalf, Jesse, Providence. 
Mifflin, James, Philadelphia. 
Miller, Albert P., Providence. 
Moore, George H., New York. 
Moore, Rev. Edwin C, Providence. 
Morse, Edward F., Salem. Mass. 
Moseley, William H. T., Providence. 
Nisbet, William D., Providence. 
Noyes, Isaac P., Washington, D. C. 
Noyes, Robert F., M. D., Providence. 
Olney, George W., New York. 
Pabodie, B. Frank, Providence. 
Paine, Amasa, heirs of, Providence. 
Paine, Frederick, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Paine, Robert H., Baltimore. 
Parker, 3Irs. Joel and family, Freehold, 

N. J. 
Paul, David E., Johnston. 
Peckham, Samuel W.. Providence. 
Peckhara, Stephen F., Providence. 
Pegram, John C, Providence. 
Pell, Howland, New Y'ork. 
Peet, Rev. Stephen D., Mention, 111. 
Perry, Amos, Providence. 
Perry, Aaron F., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Perry, Rev. A. L., Williamstown, Mass. 
Perry, C. M., No. 1 Broadway, New York. 
Perry, John G., Wakefield. 
Perry, Lucian N., Providence. 
Perry, Mrs. Mary A., Lowell, Mass. 
Perry, Rt. Rev. William S., Davenport, la. 
Pettis, James L., Johnston. 
Pettis, George II., East Providence. 
Porter, Rev. E. G., Lexington, Mass. 
Preston, L. E., 247 Broadway, N. Y. 
Rice, Franklin, P., Worcester, Mass. 

Rider, Sidney S., Providence. 

Reid, J. A. & R. A., Providence. 

Rhodes, Edwin S., Providence. 

Rhodes, Samuel B., Providence. 

Rogers, Horatio, Providence. 

Rose, Henry B., Providence. 

Rounds, John M., Providence. 

Rusk, J. M., Washington, D. C 

Sessions, Francis I., Albany, N. Y". 

Sheffield, William P., Newport. 

Shinn, J. H., Philadelphia. 

Sibley, Alden W., Pawtucket. 

Slafter, Rev. Edmund F., 249 Berkeley 

street, Boston. 
Smith, Charles 1L, Providence. 
Smith, Charles Sydney, Providence. 
Smith, Nathan J.. Providence. 
Snow, E. H., Providence. 
Spaulding, J. A., Hartford, Conn. 
Spencer, William B., Providence. 
Spooner, Henry J., Providence. 
Stark, Charles R., Providence. 
Starkweather, Joseph V., Providence. 
Staples, Rev. Carlton A., Lexington, Mass. 
Staples, William, Providence. 
Stone, Mrs. Ellen A., E. Lexington, Mass. 
Stone, L. M. E., Providence. 
Straus, Oscar S., 42 Warren street, New 

Swan, Jarvis B., Providence. 
Swan, Robert T., Boston. 
Taft, Miss Emma A., Providence. 
Taylor, Charles F., Providence. 
Thompson, J. C., Providence. 
Tillinghast, Charles E., Providence. 
Tillinghast, James, Buffalo, N. Y". 
Tooker, William Wallace, Sag Harbor, 

N. Y. 
Traver, Mrs. William H., Providence. 
Yalpey, Thomas H., Providence. 
Wadlin, Horace G., Boston. 
Wall, Caleb A., Worcester, Mass. 
Wall. James H., Worcester, Mass. 
Wan-amaker, John, Philadelphia. 
Waterman, Rufus, Providence. 
Watson, S. M., Portland, Me. 
Webb, Rev. Samuel H., Providence. 
Webster, Rev. Kugene C, E. Providence. 
Weeden, William B., Providence. 
Weld, William G., Newport. 
Whitaker, Alfred, San Francisco, Cal. 
Williams, J. Fletcher, St. Paul, Minn. 
Woodhouse, Charles, M. D., Uutland, Yt. 
Wood, William G., Providence. 
Wright, Carroll D., Washington, D. C. 





1885. Aldrich, Elisha Smith 

1574. Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth 
1S90. Allen, Miss Candace 

1890. Allen, Edward S. 

1891. Almy, Herbert 

1575. Ames, William 

1SS5. Andrews, Elisha Benjamin 

1876. Angell, Edwin G. 

1880. Anthony, John B. 
1891. Armstrong, Henry C. 
1889. Arnold, Fred. W. 

1889. Arnold, Newton Darling 

1574. Arnold, Richard James 

1877. Arnold, Stephen Harris 

1890. Atwood, Charles H. 

1881. Bailey, Richard Arnold 
1853. Bailey, William Mason 
1881. Baker, David Sherman, Jr. 

1891. Ball, Nicholas 

1890. Ballon, William Herbert 
1884. Ballon, Latimer Whipple 

1891. Barker, Frederick Augustus 
1890. Barker, Henry R. 

1872. Barrows, Edwin 

1880. Barstow, Amos C, Jr. 
1890. Barstow, George E. 

1888. Bartlett, John Russell 
1879. Barton, William T. 

1889. Bartow, Evelyn Pierrepont 
1S83. Bates, Isaac Comstock 

1890. Battey, Thomas J. 
1858. Binney, William 
1889. Binney, William, Jr. 
18S7. Blake, Eli Whitney 
18^0. Blodgett, John T. 

1878. Bogman, Edward Young 

1891. Bourn. George XV. B. 

1881. Bradley, Charles 
1883. Brown, D. Russell 
1883. Brown, H. Martin 

1575. Brown. John Adams 


1S70. Bugbee, James H. 

1884. Bullock, Jonathan Russell 

1884. Burdick, James 
1891. Burgess, Edwin A. 

1891. Calder, Albert L. 

1859. Calder, George Beckford 

1880. Campbell, Daniel G. 

1870. Campbell, Horatio Nelson 

1873. Carpenter, Charles Earl 
1S90. Carpenter, Miss Esther B. 

1874. Carpenter, Francis Wood 
1880. Carpenter, George Moulton 

1889. Catlin, Charles Albert 
1888. Chace, James JI. 
1S80. Chace, Jonathan 
1S80. Chace, Julian A. 
1S79. Chace, Lewis James 
1808. Chace, Thomas Wilson 
1857. Chambers, Robert B. 
1S84. Chapin, Charles Value 

1890. Chase, Thomas 
Ls83. Child, Charles H. 
1887. Claflin, Arthur W. 
1S78. Clark, Thomas March 
1880. Coats, James 

1S77. Codman, Arthur Amory 

1885. Collins, George Lewis 

1892. Colwell, Francis 

1890. Comstock, Louis H. 

1880. Comstock, Richard W. 

1891. Conant, Samuel Morse 
1872. Congdon, Johns Hopkins 

1892. Cooke, Henry W. 
1877. Cranston, George K. 
1874. Cranston, Henry Clay 

1881. Cranston, James E. 
1891. Crins, William II. 
1891. Cummings, John E. 
1870. Cushman. Henry I. 
1891. Daggett, Frederick J. 
1890. Danforth, Charles 




1SSG. Dart, Edward Merrill 

1S91. Davis Henry R." 

1SS7. Day, Albert C. 

1S81. Day, Daniel 

1S74. Day, Daniel Eugene 

1S81. De Wolf, John James 

1SS6. Dews, Joseph 

1881. Dixon, Xathan Fellows 

1877. Doringh, Charles IT. R. 

1877. Dorrance, Samuel Richmond 

1858. Douglas, Samuel Tobey 
1SS2. Douglas, William Wilberforce 
1875. Dunnell, William Wanton 

1877. Durfee, Charles S. 
1849. Durfee, Thomas 

1590. Dyer, Elisha 

1873. Eames, Benjamin Tucker 

1S8C. Earle, Charles B. 

1856. Ely, James W. C. 

1891. Ely, Joseph Cady 
1802. Ely, William Davis 

1892. Farnsworth, John P. 
1891. Field, Edward 

1591. Fifield, Henry Allen 
1891. Fifield, Moses 

1878. Fisher, Charles Harris 

1890. Fiske, George McClellan 
1S85. Fitzgerald, O. Edward 

1891. Foster, John 
1S8S. Foster, Samuel 
1881. Foster, William E. 

1892. Fredericks, William X. 
1855. Gammell, Asa Messer 
1875. Gammell, Robert Ives 
1SS4. Gammell, William 
1S91. Gardner, Clarence 
1SS9. Gardner, Henry Drayton 

1859. Gardner, Rathbone 
1885, George, Charles H. 
1891. Gilford, Robert P» 

1881. Goddard, Moses Brown Ives 
lSS0.,^Goddard, Robert II. Ives 

1850!" Goddard, William 

1883. Goodwin, Daniel 

1891. Granger, Daniel L. D. 

1875. Grant, Henry Townsend 

1891. Grant, Henry T., Jr. 


1S7S. Greene, Edward A. 

187G. Greene, Henry L. 

18S7. Greene, Thomas C. 

1877. Greene, W. Maxwell. 
1892. Gross, J. Mason 

1572. Grosvenor, William 

1887. Guild. Reuben Aldridge 

1890. Hall, Mrs. Emily A. 
1882. Hall, Jenison C. 

1878. Hall, Robert 

1578. Harkness, Albert 

1S74. Harrington, Henry Augustus 

1SS3. Harson, M. Joseph 

1889. Hart, George Thomas 
1S90. Hazard, George J. 
1871. Hazard, Rowland 

1888. Hazard, Rowland Gibson 
18SL Hersey, George D. 

1573. Hidden, Henry Atkins 

1891. Hill, Mrs. Elizabeth C. 

1574. Hill, Thomas Jefferson 
1874. Holbrook, Albert 
1874. Hopkins, William II. 
18S7. Hopkins, William II.. 2d 
1S71. Hoppin, Frederick Street 
1SS9. Hoppin, William Jones 

1890. Howard, Hiram 

1891. Howe, Marc Antony De Wolf, 


1885. Howland, Richard Smith 

1552. Hoyt. David Webster 

1589. Hudson, James Smith 
1S82. Jackson, William F. B. 

1888. Jameson, John Franklin 

1590. Jefferson, George A.' 
1807. Jencks, Albert Varmun 
1885. Johnson, Oliver 

1880. Jones, Augustine 

1891. Joslin, Henry V. A. 

1889. Kelly, John B. 

1553. Kendall, Hiram 
1880. Kenyon, James S. 

1892. Kimball, Horace A. 
1870. Kimball, James M. 
1S85. King, George Gordon 
1884. King, William Delnm 

1579. Knight, Edward B. 




1891. Knight, Richard D. 

1890. Knight, William 
1S83. Ladd, Herbert W. 
1SS9. Lapham, Oscar 

J 890. Leete, George F. 

1892. Lincoln, Ferdinand A. 
1878. Lippitt, Charles Warren 
18S0. Lippitt, Christopher 
1881. Littlefield, Alfred H. 

1891. Livermore, Frank D. 
1891. Lord, Augustus M. 
1891. Manchester, Alfred 
1891. Manly, John M. 
1886. Marcy, Fred. I. 
1877. Mason, Earl Philip 
1877. Mason, Eugene W. 

1877. Mason, George Champlin 

1877. Mason, John H. 

1891. Matteson, Charles 

1S89. Matteson, George Washing- 
ton Richmond 

18S9. McCrillis, Aaron B. 

1891. McGuinness, Edwin D. 

1891. Mead, William B. 

1S83. Header, Lewis II. 

1890. Metcalf, Alfred 
1876. Metcalf, Henry B. 

1S75. Miller, Augustus Samuel 

1881. Miner, Francis Wayland 

1891. Moulton, David C. 

1890. Moulton, Edmund T. 
18S6. Mowry, Raymond G. 
1880. Munroe, Wilfred IT. 
18S0. Nichols, Amos G. 

1891. Nicholson, William T. 
1876. Nickerson, Edward I. 
1874. Nightingale, George Corliss 


1889. Nisbet, William Douglas 

1890. Olney, Frank F. 
1S79. Olney, George Henry 
1S70. Pabodie, Benjamin Frank 

1558. Packard, Alpheus S. 
1885. Page, Charles II. 

1559. Paine, Charles E. (C. E.) 
1890. Parker, Edward D. L. 
1S47. Parsons, Charles William 


1857. Peck, Walter A. 

1849. Peckham, Samuel Wardwell 

1887. Peckham, Stephen Farnum 

1875. Pegram, John C. 

1858. Perry, Amos 

1880. Perry, Marsden J. 

1874. Persons, Benjamin Williams 

1891. Phillips, Gilbert A. 

1S73. Phillips, Theodore Winthrop 

1878. Porter, Emory Huntington 
1891. Potter, Asa K. 

1887. Preston, Howard Willis 
1SS9. Reynolds, AVilliam Job 
1891. Richards, Henry F. 
1891. Richmond, Miss Caroline 
1877. Richmond, Walter 

1891. Ripley, James M. 

1881. Roelker, William G. 

1558. Rogers, Arthur 
1866. Rogers, Horatio 
1890. Rugg, Henry W. 
1856. Sabin, Charles 
1877. Seagrave, Caleb 

1874. Shedd, J. Herbert 

1881. Sheffield, William Paine, Jr. 

1559. Sheldon, Charles Henry, Jr. 
1885. Sheldon, Nicholas 

1S79. Shepley, George L. 

1S77. Slater, Horatio Nelson 

18S3. Slater, John Whipple 

1888. Smith, Benjamin West 

1882. Smith, Charles IT. 

1875. Smith, Edwin Augustus 

1855. Smith, Sanford Billings 
1890. Snow, Louis F. 

1S69. Southwick, Isaac Harrison 

1885. Southwick, Isaac Hinckley 

1880. Spicer, William A. 

1890. Spink, Joseph Edwin 
18S1. Spooner, Henry Joshua 
1869. Staples, William 

188S. Stark, Charles Rathbone 

1879. Stiness, John Henry 

1881. Stone, Alfred 

1891. Studley, Thomas E. 

1880. Sturges, Howard O. 

1856. Taft, Royal Chapin 




1883. Talbot, Frederick 

1ST4. Taylor, Charles Frederick 

1881. Thomas Charles Lloyd 

1890. Thornton, George M. 

1890. Thurber, William II. 
1S91. Thurston, Benjamin F. 
1S90. Tillinghast, Charles E. 
1SS9. Tillinghast, James 
1801. Tourtellott, Amasa C. 
1S9i3. Tower, James H. 

1891. Traver, Mrs. Adelia E. A. 
1875. Trippe, Samuel Gardner 
1SS5. Tucker, William A. 

1874. Turner, Henry Edward 

1SS5. Updike, Daniel Berkeley 

1890. Vincent, Walter Borodel 

1881. Vose, James Gardner 

1S84. Walton, William A. 

1801. Waterman, Rufus 


1890. Webb, Samuel H. 

1SG8. Weeden, William Babcock 

1887. Welling, Richard Ward Greene 

1891. West, George J. 

1S90. Whitaker, Nelson Bowen 

1889. White, Hunter Carson 
1884. White, Stillman 

1ST4. Whitford, George Washing- 

1884. Wilbour, Joshua 

1891. Wilbur, George A. 

1884. Williams, Alfred Mason 

1881. Williams, Zephaniah 

1891. Willson, Edmund R. 

188(3. Wilson, Ellery H. 

1888. Wilson, George G. 

1890. Wolcotr, Henry 
1887. Wood, William H. 
1S76. Woods, Marshall 







1867. ' 


George Taylor Paine, 




Henry Truman Beckwith, 




Holden Borden Bowen, 


1S72. . 


Amasa Mason Eaton, 




Jarvis Bowen Swan, 




William Ely, 




Hezekiah Conant, 




Charles Gorton, 




Thomas Pointon Ives Goddard, 




Henry Grinnell Russell, 




William Gordon Weld, 




John Nicholas Brown, 




George Peabody Wetmore, 




Harold Brown, 




John Weaver Danielson, 




Le Boy King, 




Charles Fletcher, 




Miss Julia Bullock, 




Joseph Da vol, 




Mrs. Mary II. Knowles, 




Joseph Bannigan, 




Walter Callender, 




Arnold Green, 




Lucian Sharpe, 




John L. Troup, 




John O. Austin, 




Richmond P. Everett, 







James Burrill Angell, ll. d., 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 



1SS8. James Tillinghast, 

1888. William Frederick Poole, ll. d., 

1SS8. Samuel Smith Purple, M. d., 

1888. Edward Amasa Park, d. d., 

1SS8. Abby Isabel (Brown) Bulkley, 

1SS0. William Henry Watson, m. d., 

1890. Rev. William R. Bagnall, 
1S90. Franklin Pierce Bice, 
1800. William Harden, 

1891. Henry Fitz Gilbert Waters, 
1891. William Warner Hoppin, 
1891. Isaac Pitman Noyes, 
1S92. Henry Herbert Edes, 

For list of Honorary and Corresponding Members elected 
ceedings, 18S7-8S. 

Buffalo, N. Y. 
Chicago, 111. 
New York. 
Andover, Mass. 
Brooklyn, X. Y. 
Utica, X. Y. 
Middletown, Ct. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Savannah, Ga. 
Salem, Mass. 
New York. 
Washington, D. C. 
Charlestown, Mass. 
at previous dates, sec Pro- 




Address of the President . 

" " " Yiee-President 
Austin, Mr. John O., made a life member 

Beckwitli, Mr. Henry T., thanks to 
Burdick, Mr. James, report on Field Day, 
Burrage, Rev. H. S., D. D., paper read by 

Carpenter, Mr. Charles E., letter from . 

" Hon. George M., paper read by 
Clark, Kt. Rey. Thomas M., D. D., LL. D., paper read by 

Dorr, Henry C, Esq., papers read by 
Dyer, Adjutant-General, paper read by . 

Everett, Mr. R. P., made a life member 

Foster, Mr. William E., paper read by . 

Hoppin, William Warner, letter from 
Hoyt, Mr. David W., paper read by 

Individuals, gifts received from . 
Institutions and Corporations, gifts received fr 

Jillson, Col. Charles D., thanks to 

Knowles, Mrs. John P., thanks to 

Langdon, Rev. W. C, D. D., paper read by 

Library, Sketch of . 

Loring, Hon. George B., death of 

Member, Honorary 
Members, Corresponding, list of . 
Life, 1S92, list of 
" Resident. 1892, list of . 
" " elected 




8, 11 










13, 16 



8, 10, 13, 16 




Lippitt, Hon. Henry 

Lincoln, Prof. John L., LL. D. 

Mumford, John Pitman .... 

Nickerson, Mr. Ansel D., paper read by 
Noyes, Mr. Isaac Pitman, letter from . 

Officers of the Society ..... 

Perry, Commodore, thanks to heirs of . 

Report of Committee on Buildings and Grounds 
i4 " " " Finishing and Furnishing 

" " " " Genealogical Researches 

■" u " " Library 

" " " " Publications . 

" " Special Committee on Printing of Early Documents 
" " " " . " Revising Constitution 

Reports of Standing Committees 

Report of Treasurer . . . 

Resolutions proposed by Library Committee . 

Swan, R. T., Esq., paper read by ... 

Treasurer, Report of . . . . 

Tax voted . . . . . . . 














Votes of thanks 

11, 12 


Form for a Devise of Land, 

I give arid devise to tl\e Rl)cde Isldr\d Historical 
Society, a corporation created by tf\e General Hsserqbly 
of tt]e State of Rt\ode Island, Sc, and its assigns, [here 
describe the laud to be devised."] 

Form for a Bequest, 

I^give and beqUeatlj to trie Rljode Island Historical 
Society, a corporation created by tr\e General Assembly 
of tl|e State of Rt)ode Island, <5a, [here state the sum of 

money, or describe the personal property to be bequeathed.] 

F £V5? 7 ¥7 

6280 1