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Full text of "Proceedings of the Rhode Island Historical Society"

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PROCEEDINGS. 



OF THE 



V 



hi^ |slau(I |ifitoi[ical iacii'tji. 



18 7 2 



y 16602 




PROVIDENCE. 

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY. 

1872. 



p7U 



Committee on PtMication. 



JOHN RUSSELL BARTLETT, 
GEORGE TAYLOR PAINE, 
J. LEWIS DIMAN. 



PRESS COMPANY PRINTERS. 



OFFICERS 

OF THE 

RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Elected January 16, 187'2. 



President. 
HON. SAMUEL G. ARNOLD, Providence. 

Vife Presidents. 

HOX. ZACHARTAH ALLEN, Providence. 

HON. GEORGE A. BRAYTON, Providence. 

Secretary. 
GEORGE T. PAINE, Providence. 

Treasurer. 
RICHMOND P. EVERETT, Providence. 

Cabinet Keeper of the Northerji Department. 
REV. EDWIN M. STONE, Providence. 

Cabinet Keeper of the Southern Department, 
BENJAMIN B. HOWLAND, ........ Newport. 



2 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Committee on Nomination of Neio llemhers. 

KEV. EDWIN M. STONE, Providence. 

WILLIAM G. WILLIAMS, Providence. 

GEORGE L. COLLINS, M. D Providence. 

Committee on Lectures and Reading of Papers. 

WILLIAM GAMMELL, Providence. 

II DN. AMOS PERRY, Providence. 

EDWIN M. SNOW, M. D Providence. 

Committee on Puhlications of the Society. 

HON. JOHN R. BARTLETT, Providence. 

GEORGE T. PAINE, Providence. 

PROF. J. LEWIS DIMAN, Providence. 

Committee on Care of Grounds and Buildings, 

HON. ZACHARIAH ALLEN, Providence. 

HENRY W. LOTIIROP, Providence. 

RICHMOND P. EVERETT, Providence. 

Audit Committee. 

HENRY" B. DROWNE, Providence. 

HENRY^ T. BECKWITH, Providence. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS 

BEING ORIGINAL" MEMBERS NAMED IN CHARTER, AND OTHERS IN THE 
ORDER OF THEIR ELECTION. 



DATE OF ELECTION. 

Original. 



June 29, 1822. 



Jeremiah Lippitt, Providence. 
William Aplin, " 

Charles Norris Tibbitts, 

Walter R. Danforth, Providence. 
William R. Staples, " 

Richard W. Greene, Warwick. 
John Brown Francis, '• 

William G. Goddard, Providence. 
Charles F. Tillinghast, " 

Richard J. Arnold, " 

Charles Jackson, " 

William ¥j. Richmond, " 

James Fenner, " 

Samuel Eddy, " 

Rev. Allen Brown, " 

Moses Brown, '* 

Henry Bo wen, " 

John Howland, " 

Zacliariah Allen, " 

Samnel Y. Atwell, " 

William Hunter, Newport. 
Henry Bull, " 

Christopher E. Robbins, " 

Dutee J. Peai-ce, " 

Stephen Gould, " 



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



June 29, 1822, 
(I 

u 

July 2, 1822, 
August 12, 1822, 



July 19, 1823, 



July 19, 1824, 



July 19, 1825, 



Theodore Foster, 
Williams Thayer, Jr., 
Albert C. Greene, 
Philip Crapo, 
Nathaniel Searle, 
Job Durfee, 
Thomas F. Carpenter, 
Joseph Howard, 
Albert G. Greene, 
Barzillai Cranston, 
Samuel M. Bridgham, 
Christopher G. Champliu, 
James Stevens, 
William H. Vernon, 
Henry Y. Cranston, 
Christopher Fowler, 
Henry lluggles, 
William H. Taylor, 
William Wilkinson, 
Joseph K. Angell, 
Nicholas G. Boss, 
Tristam Burges, 
Welcome A. Burges, 
John Pitman, 
Stephen Branch, 
Nathaniel Bullock, 
Nicholas Brown, 
Thomas P, Ives, 
Moses B. Ives, 
Thomas H. Webb, 
Joseph T. Holroyd, 
Stephen H. Smith, 
John G. Anthony, 
Samuel Gi'eene, 
John Cahooue, 
David Benedict, 
Philip Allen, 
Usher Parsons, 
Robert H. Ives, 
John Carter Brown, 



Foster, 

North Providence. 

East Greenwich. 

Providence. 

Tiverton. 
Providence. 



Newport. 



Bristol. 
Providence. 

Newport. 
Providence. 



Bristol. 
Providence. 



North Providence. 

Newport. 

North Providence. 

Providence. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



July 19, 182G, 

July 19, 1827, 
July 21, 1829, 



July 19, 1830, 
July 19, 1831, 



July 19, 1832, 



July 19, 1834, 



July 21, 1835, 



July 19, 1836, 



Joseph L. Tillinghast, 
-John Miller, 
George Taft, 
George A. Brayton, 
Aaroa White, Jr., 
Benjamin B. Howland, 
Burrington Anthony, 
Jesse Howard, 
George Baker, 
Francis Wayland, 
Romeo Elton, 
Samuel B. Tobey, 
Cyrus Butler, 
Lemuel H. Arnold, 
Oliver Angell, 
John R. Bartlett, 
Samuel Ames, 
George G. King, 
Elisha R. Potter, Jr., 
Samuel B. Gushing, 
William D. Terry, 
Robert Johnson, 
John Whipple, 
Thomas W. Dorr, 
William Anthony, 
Charles Eldredge, 
Theophilus C. Dunn, 
William Evans, 
Christopher G. Perry, 
John A. Hazard, 
Joseph Mauran, 
James G. Anthony, 
Peter Pratt, 
Tully D. Boweo, 
John E. Brown, 
Edward B. Hall, 
Thomas C. Hartshoru, 
Daniel C. Gushing, 
Thomas B. Fenner, 
John Kingsbury, 



Providence. 

North Providence. 

Warwick. 

Cumberland, 

Newport. 

Providence. 

Cranston. 

Providence. 



Newport. 

South Kingstown. 

Providence. 

a 

Newport- 
Providence. 

u 

Coventry. 

East Greenwich. 

Newport. 



Providence. 



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



July 19, 183G. 



August 5, 1836, 



July 19, 1837, 

July 19, 1838, 
July 19, 1839, 
July 19, 1840, 



July 19, 1841, 
Sept. 8, 1841, 



July 18, 1842, 
July 19, 1843. 
July 19, 1844, 



July 21, 184G, 



William G. Bo wen, 
Amherst Everett, 
Joseph 8. Cooke, 
Rowland G. Hazard, 
Richard Anthony, 
Richard K. Randolph, 
John B. HerresliofF, 
Henry B. Anthony, 
George W. Jackson, 
William T. Dorrance, 
Hiram Fuller, 
Christopher Allen, 
Thomas Shepard, 
Arthur L. Ross, 
Elisha Dyer, Jr., 
Alexis Caswell, 
Thomas Vernon, 
Alfred Bosworth, 
Samuel Larned, 
John P. Knowles, 
Nathan H. Gould, 
Wilkins Updike, 
Nathan Bishop, 
Alexander Duncan, 
Charles C. Jewett, 
Welcome A. Greene, 
Samuel Osgood, 
John A. Howland, 
Stephen Randall, 
Richard Waterman, 
William Gammell, 
Samuel G. Arnold, 
Rufus Waterman, 
George B. Jastram, 
Josiah P. Tustin, 
Guy M. Fessenden, 
Francis K. Hoppin, 
Charles S. Bradley, 
Thomas L. Dunnell, 
Willi<am P. Rathbone, 



East Greenwich. 
-Providence. 

South Kingstown. 
North Providence. 
Newport. 
Bristol. 
Providence. 



South Kingstown. 
Bristol. 
Newport. 
Providence. 

South Kingstown. 
Warren. 

Providence. 

a- 

Newport. 

South Kingstown. 

Providence. 



North Providence. 
Providence. 



Warren. 
Providence. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



July 21, 1846, 
April 6, 1847, 



1848, 
Jan'y 16, 1849, 



Oct. 2, 1849, 
Jan'y 15, 1850, 

u 

Jan'y 21, 1851, 

u 

April 1, 1851, 
Jan'y 20, 1852, 



July 6, 1852, 
Jan'y 18, 1853, 

July 5, 1853, 



April 4, 1854, 
Jan'y 16, 1855, 



Oct. 2, 1855, 



Amasa Manton, 

RoUin Mathewson, 

Levi C. Eaton, 

David King, 

Charles W. Parsons, 

Thomas M. Burgess, 

Charles Burnett, .Jr., 

John P. Cleveland, 

Edwin M. Stone, 

James N. Granger, 
Thomas Durfee, 

Samuel W. Peckham, 
Joseph Winsor, 

Henry T. Beckwith, 

Shubael Hatchins, 
William Goddard, 

George L. Collins, 

George H. Browne, 
Thomas A. Doyle, 

William Beach Lawrence, 

Allen O. Peck, 
Charles Potter, 
William H. Ilelme, 
Reuben A. Guild, 
William M. Rodman, 
Stephen T, Olney, 
William Sprague, 
William M. Bailey, 
Henry C. Preston, 
Henry Anthony, 
William P. Bullock, 
James B. Angell, 
Charles H. Parkhurst, 
Henry Jackson, 
Charles C. Beaman, 
Walter S. Burges, 
Benjamin Cornell, 
John H. Hamlin, 
Henry A. Rogers, 
Barnas Sears, 



Providence. 

North Providence. 

Newport. 

Providence. 



P^ast Greenwich. 
Providence. 



Glocester. 
Providence. 
Newport. 
Providence. 



North Providence. 
Providence. 



Newport. 
Scituate. 
Providence, 



EHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Oct. 2, 1855. 



Jan'y 15, 1856, 
April 10, 1856, 



Jan'y 20, 1857, 
May 6, 1857, 



July 7, 1857, 



Jan'y 9, 1858, 



March 10, 1858, 



Oct. 5, 1858, 



Thomas P. Shepard, 
Edwin M. Snow, 
Albert S. GaHup, 
Edward Harris, 
S. C. Newman, 
A. M. Gammell, 
Sylvester G. Shearman, 
Americus V. Potter, 
J. W. C. Ely, 
Charles Sabin, 
Wingate Hayes, 
rhomas A. TefFt, 
Joseph S. Pitman, 
Henry W. Lothrop, 
James T. Rhodes, 
Royal C. Taft, 
William O. Brown, 
Dexter M. Leonard, 
Sidney S. Rider, 
Amos D. Smith, 
James Y. Smith, 
J. Lewis Diman, 
William D. Bray ton, 
George L. Clarke, 
Seth Padelford, 
Lewis Dexter, Jr., 
Amos I'erry, 
Richmond P. Everett, 
J. Dunham Hedge, 
John Gorham, 
Henry B. Drowne, 
Byron Diman, 
Josiah Whitaker, 
William Binney, 
Thomas P. Ives, 
Elisha Dyer Vinton, 
William C. Snow, 
James H. Coggeshall, 
John Holden, 
William G. Williams, 



Providence. 

Cranston. 

Woonsocket. 

Pawtucket. 

Warren. 

North Kingstown. 

Providence. 



Fall River. 

Warwick. 

Providence. 



Bristol. 
Providence. 



Warwick. 
Providence. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



Oct. 5, 1858. 
Jan'y 18, 1859, 

u 

April 5, 1859, 

u 

Oct. 4, 1859, 
July 3, 1860, 

u 

Jau'y 15, 1861, 

July 2, 1861, 

Jan'y 21, 1862, 
Dec. 12, 1862, 
April 4, 1865, 

April 10, 1866, 

u 

April 9, 1867, 
May 7, 1867, 



July 16, 1867, 

II. 

.lan'y 4, 1868, 

u 
(( 

April 14, 1868, 
Oct. 27, 1868, 

u 

Feb'y 9, 1869, 

(I 

2 



William T. Grianell, 
Charles H. Denison, 
William D. Hilton, 
Daniel A. Taylor, 
Heury C. WhitaUer, 
George B. Calder, 
Robinson P. Dunn, 
William Earle, 
Jervis J. Smith, 
William S. Haines, 
Daniel II. Greene, 
Heury W. Dimau, 
William A. Robinson, 
Jabez C. Knight, 
Abraham Payne, 
Riifiis Waterman, 
William D. Ely, 
John S. Ormsbee, 
John Oldfield, 
Desmond Fitzgerald, 
William Greene, 
J. Lewis Diman, 
Horatio Rogers, 
Henry T. Cornell, 
Charles A. Nichols, 
George T. Paine, 
John J. Header, 
Albert V. Jenckes, 
Robert B. Chambers, 
Stephen S. Keeue, 
Charles Blake, 
John D. Jones, 
Henry Rousmaniere, 
Amasa S. Westcott, 
Henry J. Steere, 
Thomas W. Chace, 
Heury Jacobs, 
William B. Weeden, 
J. Erastus Lester, 
William Staples, 



Providence. 

Westerly. 

Providence. 



Glocester. 
Providence. 
East Greenwich. 
Bristol. 
Providence. 



Warwick. 
Providence. 



Warwick. 
Providence. 



10 



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Feb'y 9, 1869, 
July 13, 1869, 
Feb'y 1, 1870, 

Jaa'y 17, 1871, 
April 4, 1871, 



April 2, 1872, 



Isaac H. Southwick, 
Peleg W. Gardiner, 
Francis Brinley, 
B. Frank Pabodie, 
Amos W. Snow, 
Rowland Hazard, 
Frederic S. Hoppin, 
Robert Wheaton, 
Sidney Dean, 
James H. Armiugton, 
Holder B. Bowen, 
Edwin Barrows, 
Amasa M. Eaton, 
J. Torry Smith, 



Providence. 
Providence. 
Newport. 
Providence. 



Warren. 
Providence. 



North Providence. 
Warwick. 



LIFE MEMBERS 



Jan'y 16, 1872, 
Jau'y 17, 1872, 
Feb'y 21, 1872, 
April 3, 1872, 
-April 25, 1872, 



George T. Paine, 
Henry T. Beckwith, 
William Greene, 
Rowland G. Hazard, 
Holder Borden Bowen, 



Providence. 

Warwick. 
South Kingstown, 
Providence. 



HONORARY MEMBERS 



IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ELECTION. 



•July 29, 1823, 



July 21, 1829, 
July 29, 1830, 

u 

July 29, 1831, 

ki 

July 19, 1833, 



July 19, 1834, 

k( 

July 21, 1835, 



R. R. Ward, New York. 

Benjamin B. Carter, '* 

George Gibbs, Long Island. 

Benjamin Allen, Hyde Park. 

Hon Francis Baylies, Taunton. * 

Hon. Henry Wheaton, New York. 

James Thayer, Paris, France, 

Amedie Thayer, *•' 

Prof. Chas. C. Rafu, P. D., Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Rev. Abiel Holmes, DD., LL.D., 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Henry N. Cruger, Charleston, S. C. 

Juhn Tatmer, Concord, N. H. 

Hon. Wm. Lincoln, A. B., Worcester, Mass. 
Samuel Jcnnison, " 

Rev. Samuel Lee, Cambridge, Eng. 

Frani'is A. Coxe, LL. D., London, Eng. 
Rev. Charles W. Upham, Salem, Mass. 
Rev. W. B. Sprague, I). D., 

Albany,. N. Y. 



C. C. Baldwin, 
Joshua Wilson, 
Rev. William Copley, 
Thomas Robbins, 
Robert Southey, 
Thomas Thompson, 



Worcester, Mass. 
London, Eng. 
Oxford, " 
IMaltapoisett, Mass 
Keswick, Eng. 
Ijiverpool, Eng. 



12 



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



July 21, 1835, 



July 19, 1836, 



April, 3, 1837, 
July 19, 1837, 
July 19, 1838, 

Sept. 8, 1841, 

Jan'y 18, 1859, 

April 15, 1861, 

u 

Jan'y 21, 1868, 
<( 

Oct. 12, 1869, 

April 22, 1870, 
April 4, 1871, 



Washington, D. C. 

New York. 
Cincinuati, O. 
Circleville, O. 
London, Eng. 
Copenhagen. 



Hon. Geo. Bancroft, LL.D. Northampton, Mass. 
Henry L. Ellsworth, Hartfoi-d, Conn. 

Hon Gulian C. Verplanck, LL. D., 

New York. 
John W. Francis, M. D., " 

Benj. Watorhouse, M. D., Carabridgeport, Mass. 
Rev. John Ileckwelder, Philadelphia. 
Robert Vaux, " 

Lewis Cass, 
Henry R. Schoolcraft, 
Rev. Timothy Flint, 
Caleb Atwater, 
Henry Agar Ellis,. 
M. William Schlegel, 
M. Finn Magunsen, " 

M. Carlo Botta, Italy. 

Robert Walsh, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Wm. E. Channiug, Boston, Mass. 
Rt. Rev. Thos. M. Brownell, 

Hartford, Conn. 
Hon.Edw. Everett, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 
Hon. Joseph Story, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass. 
Hon. Alexander H. Everett, Newtown, Mass. 
James L. Kingsley, New Haven, Conn. 

E. W. Werland, Copenhagen. 

Bertel Thowaldsen, " 

Hon. John McPherson Berrien, 

Savannah, Ga. 
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL. D., 

Boston, Mass. 
Don. Bartolomeo Mitre, 
Don. Domingo Sarmieuto, 
William L. Stone, New York. 

George Hannah, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Don. Antonio Garcia y Garcia, 

Peru. 
Hon. Charles P. Daly, New York. 

Hon. Geo. Grote, D. C. L., London, Eng. 



CORRESPONDING M E T^I B E R S . 

IN THE ORDKR OY THEIR ELECTION. 



July 19, 1836, 

u 

July 19, 1837, 
July 19, 1838, 



July 21, 1846, 



April 6, 1847, 
Jau'y 16, 1849, 



Jan'y 15, 1850, 
Jau'y 18, 1853, 
July 7, 1857, 
Jan'y 9, 1858, 



John Russell, 
Peter Force, 
John H. Clifford, 
Maturin L. Fisher, 
George W. Greene, 
J. K. Tefft, 
Henry Barnard, 
Henry W. Longfellow, 
Bela B. Edwards, 
George Sumner, 
Cornplius G. Fenuer, 
Jacob Duuuell, 
Charles Deane, 
J. Wingate Thornton, 
Ben. Perley Poore, 
David Pulsifer, 
Jacob B. Moore, 
Charles N. Talbot, 
W. Thaddous Harris, 
Comte de Circourt, 
Samuel G. Drake, 
Rev. Joseph B. Felt, 
George Sears Greene, 
George Brinley, 
Charles Congdon, 
T. Stafford Drowne, 



Bluffdale, 111, 
Washington, D. C. 
New Bedford, Mass. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Rome, Italy. 
Savannah, Ga. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Andover, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Ohio. 

Pawtucket, Mass. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 



New York.. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Paris, France. 
Boston, Mass. 

u 

New York. 
Hartford, Ct. 
Brooklyn, N. Y.. 



14 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Jan'y 19, 1858, John Ward Dean, Boston, Mass. 

Oct. 5, 1858, Henry C. Dorr, New York. 

'•' Horatio G. Jones, Philadelphia, Pa. 

" Giles Sanford, Erie, Pa. 

Jan'y 18, 1859, Caleb Davis Bradlee, Cambridge, Mass. 

July 5, 1859, Julius A. Palmer, Boston, Mass. 

" Samuel C. Eastman, Concord, N. H. 

Oct. 14, 1859, Henry T. Drowne, New York. 

" James S. Loring, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

" Joseph Palmer, Boston, Mass. 

" Almon D. Hodges, " 

" liev. William S. Perry, Nashua. 

July 3, 1860, Charles I. Biishnell, New York. 

" George H. Moore, " 

Jan'y 15, 18G1, William W. Dobbin, Erie, Pa. 

April 10, 1866, Frederick W. DePeyster, New York. 

May 7, 1867, Frederic A. Holden, Washington, D. C. 

July 16, 1867, Samuel A. Greene, M. D., Boston, Mass. 

Oct. 27, 1868, Rev. James Shrigley, Philadelphia, Pa. 

" C. W. Fredericksou, New York. 

" Nonce Rocca, Carthage. 

Feb'y 9, 1869, John Gilmary Shea, New York. 

" A. R. Spofford, Washington, D. C. 

" Isaac Ray, M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Charles J. Hoadley, Hartford, Ct. 

" Daniel S. Durrier, Madison, Wis. 

July 13, 1869, Gen'l J. W. De Peyster, New York. 

" Elbridge H. Goss, Melrose, Mass. 

" Rev. Solon W. Bush, Boston, Mass. 

" Rev. J. Langdon Sibley, Cambridge, Mass. 

" Rev. N. Bouton, Concord, N. H. 

" James B. Angell, Burlington, Vt. 

" William P. Upham, Salem, Mass. 

Oct. 12, 1869, Rev. E. A. Dalrymple, Baltimore, Md. 

" Stephen C. Stockwell, New York. 

" Samuel L. M. Barlow, " 

" Stephen W. Pl.enix, '' 

Feb'y 1, 1870, Samuel A. Briggs, Chicago, 111. 

April 22, 1870, Charles M. Thurston, New Rochelle, N.Y 

" Evart A, Duyckinck, New York. 



COEKESPONDING ME31BERS. 15 

April -l-l, 1870, William P. Palmer, New York. 

"■ Charles Ran, " 

D. G. Brinton, Piiilaflelphia, Pa. 

April 4, 1871, Hon. Increase A. Lapliani, Milwaukee, Wis. 

" John Wilson, Cambridge, Mass. 

"• Benjamin F. Brown, Salem, Mass. 

" Joseph L. Chester, London, Kng. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY 



FROM ITS COMMENCEMENT UNTIL THE PRESENT TIME. 



PRESIDENTS. 



James Fenner, 
Johu Ilowland,* 
Albert G. Greeue,* 
Samuel G. A.ruolcl, 



July, 1822 to July, 1833. 
July, 1833 to Nov. 5, 1854. 
Jau'y, 1855 to Jan'y, 1868. 
Jan'y, 1868 to 



SENIOR VICE PKKSIDENTS. 



Theodore Foster, 
Henry Bull, 
William Hunter, 
Christopher G. Champlin, 
Job Durfee, - 
Willian Hunter, - 
Albert G. Greene, - 
Samuel G. Arnold, 
George A. Brayton, 
Zachariah Allen, 



July, 1822 to July, 1823. 
July, 1823 to July, 1832. 
July, 1832 to July, 1835. 
July, 1835 to July, 1840. 
July, 1840 to July, 1845. 
July, 1845 to Jan'y, 1849. 
Jan'y, 1849 to Jau'y, 1855. 
Jan'y, 1855 to Jau'y, 1868. 
Jau'y, 1868 to Jan'y, 1870. 
Jau'y, 1870, 



JUNIOR VICE PRESIDENTS. 



John Howland, 
Theodore Foster, 
Samuel Eddy, 
Johu B. Francis, 
Moses Browu, 



July, 1822 to July, 1823. 
July, 1823 to July, 1828. 
July, 1828 to July, 1831. 
July, 1831 to July, 1835. 
July, 1835 to July, 1837. 



*Died in ofBce. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



]7 



Romeo Elton, 
Albert G. Greene, 
William Hunter, - 
Elisha R. Potter, 
George A. Brayton, 
William R. Staples, 
Zachariali Allen, 
George A. Brayton, 



July, 1837 to July, 1843. 
July, 18 i3 to Jan'y, 1849. 
Jan'y, 1849 to Jan'y, 1850. 
Jan'y, 1850 to Jan'y, 1855. 
Jan'y, 1855 to Jan'y, 1868. 
Jan'y, 1868 to Jan'y, 1869. 
Jan'y, 1869 to Jan'y, 1870. 
Jan'y, 1870 to 



SECRETARIES. 



William R. Staples, 
Thomas H. Webb, - 
William R. Staples, 
John P. Kuowles, 
Thomas C. Hartshorn, 
Charles W. Parsons, 
Henry T. Beckvvith, 
Sidney S. Rider, 
Edwin M. Snow, 
Zachariali Allen, 
George T. Paine, 



July, 1822 to July, 1830. 
July, 1830 to July, 1839. 
July, 1839 to July, 1841. 
July, 1841 to July, 1845. 
July, 1845 to Jan'y, 1849. 
Jan'y, 1849 to Jan'y, 1851. 
Jan'y, 1.^51 to Jan'y, 1861. 
Jan'y, 1861 to Jan'y, 1866. 
Jan'y, 1866 to Jan'y, 1867. 
Jan'y, 1867 to Jan'y, 186S. 
Jan'y, 1868 to 



TREASURERS. 



John B. Francis, 
John Howland, - 
John R. Bartlett, 
Thomas W. Dorr, 
George Baker, 
Welcome A. Greene, 
Richmond P. Everett, 



July, 1822 to July, 1824'. 
July, 1824 to July, 1833. 
July, 1833 to July, 1836. 
July, 1836 to July, 1842. 
July,, 1842 to Jan'y, 1854. 
Jan'y, 1854 to Jan'y, 1867. 
Jan'y, 1867 



CABINET KEEPERS OF. NORTHERN DEPARTMENT. 



W^illiam R. Staples, 
Walter R. Danforth, 
Joseph Howard, - 
John G. Anthony, - 
Albert G. Greene, 
William R. Staples,. ■ 
3 



July, 1822 to July, 1823. 
July, 1823 to July, 1824. 
July, 1824 to July, 1825, 
July, 1825 to July, 1826. 
July, 1826 to July, 1836. 
July, 1836 to July, 1841. 



18 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

George Baker, - - - July, 1841 to July, 1845. 

Thomas C. Hartshorn, - - July, 1845 to Jau'y, 1849. 

Georn;e W. Greeue, - - Jan'y, 1849 to Jau'y, 1851. 

Edwin M. Stone, - - - Jan'y, 1851 

CABINET KEEPERS OF SOUTHERN DEPARTMENT. 

Stephen Gould, - - - July, 1822 to July, 1829. 

Benjamin B. Howland, - - July, 1829 to July, 1835. 

Stephen Gould, - - - July, 1835 to July, 1837. 

George G. King, - - - July, 1837 to July, 1838. 

Benjamin B. Howland, - - July? 1838 

TRUSTEES. 

Job Durfee, ----- 1822 to 1828. 

Albert C. Greene, - - - . 1822 to 1824. 

Samuel Eddy, - - - - - 1822 to 1824. 

Richard W. Greene, - - - . 1822 to 1832. 

Philip Crapo, ----- 1822 to 1829. 

William E. Richmond, ----- 1822 to 1828. 

Christopher E. Robbing, - - - 1822 to 1829. 

William G. Goddard, . -. . - 1822 to 1824. 

William Alpin, - - - - 1822 to 1825. 

John B. Francis, ----- 1824 to 1831. 

John Pitman, ----- 1824 to 1828. 

Tristam Burges, ----- 1824 to 1828. 

Nathaniel Bullock, - - - - 1825 to 1830. 

William Hunter, ----- 1827 to 1832. 

David Benedict, • - . - 1827 to 1840. 

William G. Goddard, - . - - 1827 to 1830. 

Nicholas G. Boss, . - - - 1828 to 1830. 

Joseph L. Tillinghast, - . - _ 1828 to 1836. 

Stephen Branch, - _ - - 1828 to 1840. 

Thomas F. Carpenter, - - - 1828 to 1842. 

William H. Taylor, ----- 1828 to 1830. 

William E. Richmond, - - - - 1829 to 1836. 

John Pitman, ----- 1829 to 1831. 

William R. Staples, - . - - 1830 to 1837. 

Usher Parsons, - - - - 1830 to 1835. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



19 



Albert G. Greene, 
William Wilkinsou, 
George Baker, 
Thomas H. Webb, 
Romeo Elton, 
Geoige A. I^rayton, 
John Carter Brown, 
Stephen Gould, 
Robert Johnston, 
William G. Goddard, - 
John Pitman, 
Richard J. Arnold, 
Joseph L. Tillinghast, 
Edward B. Hall, 
Joseph Mauran, 
William R. Staples, 
Elisha R. Potter, - 
Samuel Y. Atwell, 
Barzillai Cranston, 
Thomas B. Eenner, 
John P. Knowles, 
George leaker, 
George A. Bray ton, 
Amherst Everett, 
Alexis Caswell, 
William R. Staples, 
Thomas F. Carpenter, 
Elisha Dyer, Jr., 
Thomas C. Hartshorn, 
Samuel G. Arnold. 
Christopher G. Perry, 
Elisha R. Potter, 
Usher Parsons, 
Samuel Osgood, 
Josiah P. Tustin, - 



1830 to 1844. 

1831 to 1833^ 

1831 to 1836. 

1832 to 1839. 

1832 to 1837. 

1833 to 1834. 

1834 to 1845. 

1834 to 1835. 

1835 to 1839. 

1836 to 1845. 
1836 to 1846. 

1836 to 1841. 

1837 to 1838. 

1837 to 1849. 

1838 to 1846. 

1839 to 1841. 

1839 to 1845. 

1840 to 1841. 

1840 to 1847. 

1841 to 1845. 
1841 to 1845. 

1841 to 1842. 

1842 to 1843. 
1842 to 1849. 

1844 to 1845. 

1845 to 1846, 
1845 to 1846. 
1845 to 1849. 
1845 to 1849. 

1845 to 1849. 

1846 to 1849. 
1846 to 1849. 

1846 to 1849. 

1847 to 1849. 
1847 to 1849. 



COMMITTEE ON MEMBERSHIP. 



Wilkins Updike, 
William Gammell, 



1849 to 1850. 
1849 to 1852. 



ZU EHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Samuel Osgood, - - - - 1849 to 1850. 
Ji^dwin M. Stone, ----- 1850 to 

John A. Howkud, - - . - 1850 to 1854. 

Charles W. Parsous, ... - 1852 to 1860. 

WilHam Gammell, .... 1854 to 18C8. 

Johu A. Howlaud, - - - - isGO to 1868. 

J. Lewis Diman, - - - . 18G8 to 1871. 

G. L. Collins, . - - . - 18G7 to 

William G. Williams, - - - - 1871 to 

COMMITTEE ON PLBLICATIONS.* 

John R. Bartlett, ----- 1871 to 
George T. Paine, - - . - 1871 to 

J. Lewis Diman, ----- 1871 to 

AUDIT COMMITTEE. 

Amherst Everett, - . - - 1849 to 1865. 

Elisha Djer, Jr., ----- 1849 to 1856, 

William H. Helme, - - . . 1856 to 1865. 

Henry B. Drowne, _ _ . - 1865 to 

Hichmond P. Everett, - - - - 1865 to 1867. 

Henry T. Beckwith, - - - - 1867 to 

FINANCE COMMITTEE.! 

•Zachariah Allen, - - - May, 1867 to Jan'y, 1870. 

W. R. Staples, - - - May, 1867 to Jan'y, 1868. 

William Gammell, - - - May, 1867 to Jan'y, 1870. 

E. M. Stone, - - - Jan'y, 1868 to Jan'y, 1870, 

COMMITTEE ON LECTURES AND READING OF PAPERS. 

William Gammell, - - - - 1849 to 1857. 

Nathan Bishop, . . . - - 1840 to 1851. 

Samuel Osgood, . - - - 1849 to 1850. 

Edwin M. Stone, - - . . - 1850 to 1861. 

* lu 1871 a new Constitution was adopted and then, for the first time, this was made a 
Standing Committee. 

tTLis Committee was inaugurated in 1867, luid abolislied in 1870. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 21 

Henry T. Beckwith, . - - - 1857tol8Gl. 

William H. Helme, ... - 1857 to 1863. 

Sidney S. Rider, ... - 1861 to 1866. 

Amos Perry, ----- 1861 to 1862. 

Thomas A. Doyle, - - - - 1862 to 1866. 

R. P. Everett, - - * - - - 1863 to 1866. 

Albert G. Greene, ... - 1866 to 1868. 

William Gammell, . - - - 1866 to 

Edwin M. Stone, . - • - 1866 to 

Amos Perry, _ - _ - - 1868 to 

COMMITTEE ON CAKE OF GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS. 

Albert G. Greene, - - - - ' - 1849 to 1868. 

George W. Greene, - - - - 1849 to 1850. 

Thomas C. Hartshorn, - - - - 1849 to 1850. 

Samuel G. Arnold, • - - . 1849 to 1850. 

P:iisha Dyer, Jr., ----- 1849 to 1850. 

Welcome A. Greene, - - - - 1850 to 1858. 

Thomas A. Doyle, . . - - 1854 to 1858. 

Henry W. Lothrop, - _ - - 1858 to 

John A. Howlaud, - . - - 1858 to 1869. 

Zachariah Allen, - - - - ' 1868 to 

William G. Williams, . - - - 1869 to 1871. 

Richmond P. Everett, - - - 1871 to 



RESIDENT MEMBERS 

On January 16, 187 2, in order of their election. 



Richard W. Greene, 
Zachariah Allen, 
Robert H. Ives, 
John Carter Brown, 
George A. Bray ton, 
Benjamin B. Rowland, 
George Baker, 
John R. Bartlett, 
John A. Rowland, 
Stephen Randall, 
William Gammell, 
Samuel G. Arnold, 
Charles S. Bradley, 
William P. Rathbone, 
Charles W. Parsons, 
Edwin M. Stone, 
Thomas Durfee, 
Samuel W. Peckham, 
William Goddard, 
George L. Collins, 
Thomas A. Doyle, 
John Kingsbur}', 
Henry B. Anthony, 
William T. Dorran<re, 
Elisha Dyer, Jr., 
Alexis Caswell, 
William Sprague, 



William M. Bailey, 
Edwin M. Snow, 
Albert S. Gallup, 
J. W. C. Ely, 
Charles Sabin, 
Wingate Hayes, 
Henry W. Lothrop, 
James T. Rhodes, 
Royal C. Taft, 
William O. Brown, 
Amos D. Smith, 
James Y. Smith, 
Seth Padelford, 
Amos Perry, 
Richmond P. Everett, 
John Gorham, 
Henry B. Drowne, 
William Binney, 
William C. Snow, 
William G.Williams, 
William D. Hilton, 
Daniel A. Taylor, 
George B. Calder, 
William Earle, 
Rufus Waterman, 
William D. P:iy, 
John S. Ormsbee, 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



23 



John Oldfield, 
J. Lewis Diman, 
Horatio Rogers, 
Henry T. Cornett, 
Charles A. Nichols, 
John J. Meader, 
Albert V. Jenks, 
Robert B. Chambers, 
Stephen S. Keene, 
Charles Blake, 
Amasa S. Westcott, 
Henry J. Steere, 
Thomas W. Chace, 
Henry Jacobs, 



William B. Weeden, 
J. Erastus Lester, 
William Staples, 
Isaac H. Southwick, 
Peleg W. Gardiner, 
Francis Briuley, 
B. Frank Pabodie, 
Amos W. Snow, 
Rowland Hazard, 
Frederic S. Hoppin, 
Robert Wheaton, 
Sidney Dean, 
Henry C. Cranston, 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



ANNUAL MEETING 



Tuesday Evening, January 16, 1872. 

The meeting was called to order by the President at half past 
seven o'clock. 



Present: — Messrs. Arnold, Allen, Beckwith, Calder, Chambers, 
Cornett, Drowne, Everett, Howland, Jenks, Lothrop, Paine, Perry, 
Stoue, Staples, Southwick and Williams. 



The records of the last annual and special nneetinga were read 
by the Secretary, and were approved. 

The Treasurer offered the following as his report for the year 
of 1871, which was accepted and ordered on file. 



26 EHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Dr. liichmond P. Everett^ Treasurer, in account ivith the 

R. I. Historical Society. 
1871. 

Jau'y 18. To taxes from S. G. Arnold, H. T. Cornett, 
*» I. H. Southwick, Wm. Gammell, A. V. 

Jenckes, H. W. Lothrop, J. A. How- 
laud, E. M. Stone, W. G. Williams, 
19. H. T. Beckwith, R. H. Ives, . 

23. J. C. Brown, G. B. Calder, H. B. 

Chambers, H. Jacobs, H. B. Anthony, 
W. Sprague, A. S. Gallup, R. C. Taft, 
W. B. Weeden,H. J. Steere, - - $63 00 

25. J.W. C. Ely, W. p:arle, C. Blake, A. D. 

Smiih, J. Y. Smith, C. A. Nichols, E. 
Dyer, G. Baker, W. T. Dorrauce, G. 

L. Collins, 30 00 

Feb'y 2. W. D. Ely, J. S. Ormsbee, John Gor- 

ham, II. Rogers, W. Goddard, B. F. 
Pabodie, W. O. Brown, W. D. Hihon, 24 00 

4. J. Kingsbury, P. W. Gardiner, W. P. 

Rathbone, (17.) W. C. Snow, C. Sabin, 18 00 

22. W. Staples, A. S. Westcott, II. B. 

Drowne, T. A. Doyle, (23.) S. Randall, 
J. E. Lester, A. Caswell, (24.) R. W. 
Greene, W. Binney, J. R. Bartlett, - 30 00 

April 12. Sidney Dean, Robert Wheaton, F. S. 

Hoppin, aud II. C. Cranston, for mem- 
bership, - - . - - 
June 5. Z. Allen, J. Oldfield, for taxes, 

July 13. T. W. Chace, J. J. Header, 

Oct. 3. E. M. Stone, for sale of books, - 

Nov. 30. R. P. Everett, tax, 

1872. 
•lan'y 11. George T. Paine, tax, 



20 


00 


6 


00 


6 


00 


15 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 



The amount on deposit in City Savings 

Bank to this date, Jau'y 15, 1872, is $729 21 

Cash on hand, .... 6 47 

$735 68 



$218 00 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. >4 

Richmond P. Everett, Treamrer, m accomvt- wUh^the 
R. I. Historical Society. 



1871. 
Jan'y 18. 
April 21, 

Mpv 19. 
June 13. 



19. 



27. 



July 1. 
8. 
Nov. 16. 
Dec. 18. 
1872. 
Jan'y 4. 



12. 



15. 



Bv balance of last year's account, duetreas., 
Knowles, Anthony & Co., - - - 
Providence Gas bill, - - - - 
Rev. E. M. Stone, for expresses, &c., - 
Peck, for shovelling snow and cutting 

grass, ------ 

J. A. Townsend, for painting door, 

R. I. Concrete Pavement Co., for side 

walk, ------ 

Knowles, Anthony, & Co., - - - 
Providence Press Co., - - - 

N. D. Paine & Co., - - - - 

Providence Gas bill, - - - - 

Rev. E. M. Stone, for expresses, - 
Deposited in City Savings Bank, - 
Knowles, Anthony & Co., - - - 
Scott Smith, for coal, - - - - 

Providence Press Co., 
Knowles, Anthony & Co., - 
N. D. Paine & Co., - 
R. P. Everett, for cash paid for postage 
stamps, memorandum book, and paper, 

Deposited in City Savings Bank, 

Rev. E. M. Stone, for expresses, &c,, - 

Balance of cash on hand, - - - 



27 


Cr. 




5 


4 


87 




90 


IG 


06 


9 


03 


5 


10 


65 


71 


1 


25 


5 


75 


6 


50 


1 


05 


6 


06 


30 


00 


2 


00 


9 


00 


5 


25 


3 


00 


2 


75 


5 


50 


20 


00 


11 


70 


6 


47 



$218 00 



Resume. 

Sixty-one taxes received from Jan'y 19, 1871 

to Jan'y 15, 1872, at S3.00 - 
Four memberships at $5.00 _ . - 
Librarian, for sale of books, . - - 



$183 


00 


20 


00 


15 


00 



$218 00 



31 


37 


33 


82 


5 


50 


9 


03 


5 


10 


9 


00 


1 


95 


6 


47 



28 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Balance clue Treasurer Jan'y 18, 1871, - 5 

Coucreting side walk, - - - . 65 71 

Deposited in City Savings Bank, July and 

Jan'y, 50 00 

Advertising meetings in Journal, Herald and 

Press, ------.- 

Librarian, for expresses and postage. 
Treasurer, for postages, memorandum book 

and paper, ------ 

Peck, for shovelling snow and cutting grass, 
J. A. Townsend, for painting door, 

Fuel, - 

Gas bill, ------- 

Cash on hand, balance account, 

$218 00 



The undersigned have examined the foregoing account with the 
vouchers, and find it coiTCCt, the amount of funds on hand being seven 
hundred and thirty-five dolhirs and sixty-eight cents. 

HENRY B. DROWNE, ) . ..^ 
HENRY T. BECKWITH, 5 ^^^^itors. 

Providence, January 13, 1872. 

The report of the Cabinet Keeper of the Southern Depart- 
ment was then read, accepted, and ordered to be filed. 

Southern Cabinet of the R. I. Historical Society, ) 
Newport, January 9th, 1872. ) 

To the Rhode Island Historical Society: 

Gentlemen : — It is made the duty of the Keeper of the Southern 
Cabinet, to make an annual report to the Society at this time. 
Accordingly, I report that I have received the Newport City Docu- 
ments for 1871, Avhich are deposited in this department. 

According to the request of Mr. Stone, I sometime ago forwarded 
to him among other things, a bound volume of the Newport Mercury, 
from April, 1772 to December, 1773, which was sent to this Cabinet 
by the late John Howland, of Providence. 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. 



29 



It has been suggested by some of our people that the volume should 
remain in Newport. If Mr. Howland had intended it for the Northern 
Cabinet, he would probably have deposited it there, and they think as 
it is a Newport paper, and the old files of the Mercury in this town 
are imperfect, it will help to render them more complete. 

Should the Society be willing to return it to this Cabinet, it would 
be gratifying to the people here. 

I am with respect, 

BENJAMIN B. HOWLAND, 

Keeper of the Southern Cabinet. 

The Cabinet Keeper of the Northern Department then read 
his annual report as follows. It was accepted and ordered to 
be filed. 

REPORT OF THE NORTHERN DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1871. 

The Librarian and Cabinet Keeper of the Northern Department of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society, respectfully reports : 

That contributions to the Library and Cabinet have been received 
from the foUowiug institutions and persons. 



Massachusetts Historical Society, 
N. ¥j. Historical and Genealogical 

Society, 
American Antiquarian Society, 
Essex Institute, 

American Unitarian Association, 
Massachusetts Board of Health, 
Maine Historical Society, 
Pennsylvania Historical So<riety, 
American Philosophical Society, 
Virginia Historical Society, 
Wiconsin Historical Society, 
Georgia Historical Society, 
Iowa Historical Society, 
Chicago Historical Society, 
Smithsonian Institute, 
New Jersey Historical Society, 



Wilmington (Del.) Historical So- 
ciety, 

Albany Institute, 

Boston Public Library, 

Congressional Library, 

New York Prison Society, 

Pennsylvania Board of Charities, 

National Wool Growers Associa- 
tion, 

Quebec Historical Society, 

Royal Society of Northern Anti- 
quaries, Copenhagen, 

Royal University at Christiana, 

Narragansett Club, 

State of Rhode Island, 

City of Providence, 

Rhode Island State Auditor, 



30 



KHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of 

R. I., of F. Si A. Masons, 
Henry B. Anthony, Providence, 
Benjamin T. P2ames, " 

Thomas A. Jenckes, '• 

John R. Bartlett, " 

Amos Perry, " 

William G. Williams, " 
Zachariah Allen, " 

Manchester Brothers, " 
Charles T. Miller, " 

Edwin M. Stone, " 

George L. Collins, " 

Akerman & Co., " 

H. M. Coombs, " 

William E. Browne, " 

Charles E. Carpenter, " 
Matilda Metcalf, " 

Samuel W. Brown, " 

Stephen Randall, N. Providence, 
Estate of Selh Adams, Providence, 
"William 8. Bradley, Lime Rock, 
Thomas W. Bickncll, Barrington, 
Mrs. Alfred Bosworth, Warren, 
Francis Brinley, Newport, 



Samuel A. Greene, Boston, 
Alfred T. Turner, 
Barnard Capen, Boston, 
J. K. Wiggen, Boston, 
G. P. Farrington, Salem, 
William P. Upham, Salem, 
General Meigs, Washington, 
Frederic A. Holden, Washington, 
T. H. Wynne, Richmond, Va., 
Henry T. Drowne, New York, 
Charles Congdon, New York, 
Thomas S. Drowne, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
Capt. G. H. Prebble, Charlestown, 

Mass. 
William S. Perry, Geneva, N. Y. 
Stewart Pearce, Wilkesbarre, Pa. 
James Shrigley, Philadelphia, 
Lippincoti & Co., Philadelphia. 
Charles Scribner, New York, 
J. Bouton, " 

David Francis, " 

E. Steiger, New York, 
Franklin B. Dexter, New Haven. 



The entire number of contributions for the year is one thousand 
four hundred and four; of these, one hundred and thirty-nine are 
bound volumes, thirty-eight unbound volumes, one hundred and thirty- 
seven miscellaneous, comprising photographs, engravings, broadsides, 
manuscripts, maps and relics. Most of these have been obtained by 
personal solicitations and by exchanges. Nearly seventy volumes ot 
Rhode Island newspapers have been bound, and made available for 
use, without cost to the Society, the expense having been defrayed by 
private subscriptions. The newspaper department of our collections 
is every year increasing in value and importance for historical, genea- 
logical, and legal purposes. It has been much resorted to the past 
year by gentlemen seeking information which could not elsewhere be 
obtained. It would still further the objects of this Society, and greatly 
aid historical students in their researches, could the large mass of 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. 31 

newspapers stiU unbouud be bound, and thus put in condition for con- 
venient examination. 

Three papers have been read before the Society during the year 
1871, viz.: 

February 3. — By Hon. Francis Brinley, of Newport. " Life of 
Matthew Craddock, tlie first Governor of the Massachusetts Com- 
pany." 

March 9. — By Henry C. Dorr, Esq., of New York. " Early His- 
tory of Providence," (third paper). 

November 8. — By Rev. Thomas T. Stoue, D. D., of Brooklyn, 
Ct. "■ Roger Williams, the Prophetic Legislator." 

There is satisfaction in the review of the year, in being able to 
say, that with limited means a large amount of work has been done, 
and that the Society has returned to the public a full equivalent for 
the contributions it has received, in the valuable papers read before 
it, and in the numerous opportunities afforded to persons both in our 
own State and from abroad, for examining its collections. But much 
remains to be done ; much that members of the Society can do with 
only the cost of time, and which in the aggregate, would vitalize the 
latent historical forces of our State. In the changes caused by a 
rapid growth of business, ancient landmarks are fast disappearing. 
These should be noted and described while they yet remain, and all 
well authenticated incidents and traditions which have gathered 
around them be put in form for preservation. Aged men, whose 
minds are stored with important unwritten Rhode Island history, are 
annually passing away. These fragmentary treasures should be se- 
cured before it is too late. Garrets, closets and family chests in vari- 
ous parts of the State are still stored with old books, pamphlets and 
manuscripts, which possess little or no value in the eyes of their own- 
ers, and which would illustrate the spirit, ideas and characteristics of 
other days. These should be gathered up and placed in our archives 
for 5-afety, and use, before they fall a prey to time, vandalism or ver- 
min. There is much local history, little, if at all, known beyond 
town or even a district of town boundaries. This should be at once 
written while the materials are accessible, as contributions to the his- 
torical knowledge of our State. In all these, and in many other ways 
that will naturally suggest themselves, members of this Societv, in 
accordance with their varied gifts and opportunities, may render es- 
sential service to a common cause. In this connection there is per- 



32 EHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

tinency in the following extract from the first annual report of the 
board of trustees, made to the Society in 1823 : 

" The duty which is assigned us of collecting, arranging, and pre- 
serving the scattered and mutilated memorials of our early history, is 
important to the present and to the future. In performing that duty we 
shall realize those pleasures which result from a review of the human 
character in its most favorable and attractive traits. And as we have 
the well grounded assurance, that by a patient and persevering appli- 
cation of that time which the more necessary avocations of life may 
allow us for the purpose, we shall hereafter accomplish a work, re- 
quired at once by our regard to the memory of our ancestors and by 
our wish that posterity may enjoy the benefit of our example," 

A few years ago an alcove for works on theology and ecclesiasti- 
cal history, and for denominational literature generally, was opened. 
The object was to bring together the standard writings of every de- 
nomination, ancient and modern, so that the student of church history 
and of the varied thought of different religious bodies, might here find 
the desired facilities for pursuing his investigations. The idea met 
with favor, and liberal responses were made to applications for dona- 
tions, both from publishing societies and from individuals. The Bap- 
tist Publication Society at Philadelphia, through the friendly services 
of Horatio Gates Jones, Esq., sent us a complete set of their bound 
volumes. The American Unitarian Association at Boston, did the 
same. Rev. T. Stafford Drowne, D. D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., made 
a large donation of tracts and other Protestant Episcopalian publica- 
tions. Rt. Rev. Bishop Francis P. McFarland, D. D., of this city, pre- 
sented one hundred and forty books and pamphlets, relating to the 
Catholic Church and teachings. Through Mr. Samuel Austin, many 
books and pamphlets representing the views of the Society of Friends 
were received. The Congregationalists and other denominations are 
more or less represented by their literature ; and it only remains for 
such as approve the plan, to aid, by their donations, in perfecting it. 
This done, and the department so far as is known, will be the first of 
its kind connected with Historical Societies in the United States. 

A considerable number of photographs have been added to our col- 
lection during the year. To William P. Upham, Esq., of Salem, we 
are indebted for two views of the house originally owned and occupied 
by Roger Williams, still standing in that city. One view represents 
it as it appeared in 1635, and the other as it now appears, after seve- 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. 33 

ral alterations. To Dr. G. P. Farringtou we are also indebted for a 
section of wood taken from a timber of the house when undergoing 
repairs. This house has been made noted by its having been the 
scene of witchcraft trials in 161)2, a delusion for which the founder 
of Rhode Island could have had no sympathy, had his residence been 
continued amidst its exciting and heart-rending occurrences. Seve- 
ral photographic carte de visite portraits of members of this Society 
have been obtained since the last annual report, and it is hoped that 
members not thus represented in our collection, will assist the librarian 
in making it complete. To Manchester Brothers, thanks are cor- 
dially tendered for a daguerreotype view of the Old Town House in 
the city of Providence, a structure within Avhose walls, at different 
periods, have been dispensed the gospel, law and politics, to waiting 
crowds, and the mention of whose name brings vividly before the 
mind, a host of men, giants in their day, whose piety, talents, social 
position and patriotism, contributed largely to form the character of 
the State, and to give an impetus to measures which have crowned 
her past with prosperity. * 

In surveying this half-century of the Society's life there is much 
to be remembered of a gratifying character. It was the first Histori- 
cal Society to erect and own a suitable building for the reception and 
preservation of its collections. Its correspondence with the Royal 
Society of Northern Antiquaries at Copenhagen, on the visit of the 
Northmen to Rhode Island, evinces a thorough familiarity with the 
subject. Its rejection of the Elliott medal shows a commendable 
sensativeuess to the honor of a favorite son of the State. Its publi- 
cations, if fewer than could be desired, have given it a wide and hon- 
orable reputation for antiquarian research ; and its collections of six 
thousand bound volumes, thirty thousand pamphlets, and more than 
seven thousand manuscripts, besides a unique collection of engraved 
and photographic portraits, and numerous Indian and other relics of 
the past, belonging to its cabinet, are evidences of steadfast industry 
in prosecuting labors appropriate to such an institution. Nor have 
its treasures been hoarded with miserly parsimony. Besides the 
works bearing the Society's imprint, and which drew freely from its 
resources, authors and editors have been allowed a liberal freedom in 
the use of its materials, a fact that should not be overlooked in esti- 
mating the value of its contributions to local and general history. As 
illustrations of this statement, reference may properly be made to 
Knowles' Life of Roger Williams ; History of Rhode Island, two vol- 

5 



34 EHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

limes ; Ehode Island Colonial Records, ten volumes ; Life of Manuiog ; 
History of Brown University ; Life of John Howland ; Backus' His- 
tory of the Baptists, new edition ; and many genealogical publica- 
tions. To give greater efficiency, however, to its operations, the So- 
ciety'needs a publishing fund to enable it, at regular intervals, to add 
to its already printed volumes. It needs a binding fund, to defray 
the expense of binding numerous classified volumes of pamphlets, and 
also files of newspapers ; and it needs a purchasing fund, to aid in 
securing for its library important works that do not reach it as dona- 
tions. 

The semi-ceutenuial anniversary of the Society, which will occur 
on the 19th of July next, is an event that it would be unbecoming to 
pass over without appropriate recognition, and by a vote passed seve- 
ral months since, a Committee was appointed to make suitable 
arrangements for the occasion. 

Since our last annual meeting, two eminent men, honorary mem- 
bers of this Society, Prof. Gervinus and Hon. George Grote, have 
died. Their position in the world of letters is well known. The 
works of both are their most fitting eulogy. Prof. Gervinus was a 
warm admirer of Rhode Island, and in the introduction to his " His- 
tory of the Nineteenth Century," he takes appreciative notice of the 
principles upon which her government was originally organized. Of 
this accomplished scholar we have a fine portrait, the gift of Henry 
Thayer Drowne, Esq., of New York. Its value is enhanced by the 
fact that it is one of three or four imported from Germany by Mr. 
Drowne, and as an original will long be rare in this country. 

"George Grote, D. C. L., F. R. S., vice-chancellor of the univer- 
sity, died in London on Sunday, at the age of 77. He was the son of 
George Grote, esq., of Bagmoor, Oxon, and was born in 1794, at 
Clay Hill, near Beckenham, Kent. His ancestors came to England 
from Germany, and his grandfather founded, in company with Mr. 
Prescott, the banking-house of Prescott, Grote & Company in Thread- 
needle street. He was educated at the Charter House, and at the age 
of sixteen entered the bank as clerk. As a young man, he formed 
the acquaintance of James Mill, and threw in his lot with the philo- 
sophical radical party, studying history, contributing to the "Westmin- 
ster Review, and writing on the political subjects of the day. It was 
at this period of his life (1823) that the idea seems to have first oc- 
curred to him of that work with which his name will be principally 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. 35 

associated in the future. Struck with the anti-democratic sympathies 
exhibited in Mitford's ' History of Greece,' he applied himself to the 
examination of the facts there brought forward on behalf of the 
author's doctrines, and so his own democratic history came to be writ- 
ten. But between conception and execution some time was allowed 
to elapse , the excited political feeliuj? raised by the first reform bill 
carried him along with it, and in 1832 we find him putting forth a 
pamphlet on the 'Essentials of Parliamentary Reform,' and in 1831 
he was returned as one of the members for the city of London. As 
a speaker he continued to advocate the same advanced opinions, bring- 
ing forward, like Mr. Berkeley in later times, an annual motion in 
favor of the ballot ; but on the triumph of the conservative party in 
1841, he retired from active political life, and devoted himself to lit- 
erary pursuits, the first two volumes of his Greece appearing five 
years afterwards, and the work being completed in 1856. Since then 
he has written on ' Plato and the other Companions of Socrates.' 
During the course of his great work, he left ancient Greece for a 
time, to reenter the lists of modern politics, publishing in 1847, a 
pamphlet entitled ' Seven Letters on the Recent Politics of Switzer- 
land.' Mr. Grote married in 1820, Harriet, daughter of Thomas 
Lewin, esq., a lady of an old Kentish family, who is known as the 
author of ' The Life of Ary SchelFer.' " — Boston Daily Advertiser, 
June 20, 1871. 

Mr. Grote received the certificate of his membership not long be- 
fore his decease, and to the members of his immediate family ex- 
pressed warmly the satisfaction it gave him. In his letter of acknow- 
ledgment, addressed to the Secretary of this Society, he says, " I beg 
through you to return to that Society my sincere and grateful thanks 
for the honor which they have done me by this election. I rejoice to 
perceive that community of attachment to Historical pursuits consti- 
tutes a new and additional bond of union between intellectual minds 
on your side of the Atlantic and on ours." 

It is to be hoped, that at some future day, not distant, an engraved 
or other portrait of the distinguished Historian of Greece will enrich 
our collection of celebrities. 

Respectfully submitted, 

EDWIN M. STONE, 

January 16th, 1872. Librarian and Cabinet Keeper. 



36 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The Committee on nomination of new members, proposed the 
following names for membership. Being offered for ballot the 
gentlemen were all unanimously elected. 

Hon. Thomas W. Bicknell, of Barriogton, as Resident Member. 
Rev. Richard Eddy, of Gloucester, Mass, and Thomas II. Wynne, 
of Richmond, Va., as Corresponding Members. 

The society then proceeded to election of officers for the ensu- 
ing year, and the following were elected. 

President, - - - Hon. Samuel G. Arnold. 

Senior Vice President, - - Hon. Zachariah Allen. 

Junior Vice President, - Hon. George A. Brayton. 

Secretary, - - - - George T. Paine. 

Treasurer, . - - Richmond P. Everett. 

Cabinet Keeper of the Northern Department, 

Rev. Edwin M. Stone, of Providence. 

Cabinet Keeper of the Southern Department, 

Benjamin B. Howland, of Newport. 

Committee on Nomination of New Members, 

Edwin M. Stone, 
William G. Williams, 
George L. Collins. 

Committee on Lectures and Readings of Papers, 

William Gammell, 
Amos I'erry, 
Edwin M. Snow. 

Committee on Publications of the Society, John R. Bartlett, 

George T. Paine, 
J. Lewis Dimau. 

Committee on Care of Grounds and Buildings, 

Zachariah Allen, 
Henry W. Lolhrop, 
Richmond P. Everett. 



PROCEEDINGS OF ANNUAL MEETING. 37 

Audit Committee, - - - Henry B. Drowne, 

Heury T. Beckwith. 

On motion of Henry T. Cornett, a tax of three dollars was 
voted to be assessed on each resident meynbei', to meet current 
expenses. 

The following resolution offered by Mr. Cornett was unani- 
mously adopted : 

Besolved, That the " Committee on Publications " be authorized 
and instructed to print five hundred copies of the Record of the An- 
nual Meeting of this Society, to embrace the reports of the Treasurer, 
and of the Cabinet Keepers of the Northern and Southern Depart- 
ments, and also a Necrology of the members of the Society, who 
have deceased during the past year, and to draw on the Treasurer 
for payment of same. 

On motion of Mr. Stone, it was ' 

Besolved, That the Rev. Thomas T. Stone, D, D., of Brooklyn, Conn.,, 
be requested to furnish a copy of his paper, read at the special meeting 
in November, last, on " Roger Williams, the Prophetic Legislator," 
for publication under the impriut of the Society. 

Mr. Stone, in behalf of the Committee on commemoration of 
the semi-centennial anniversary of the Society, made report of 
partial progress. It is proposed to have the celebration as near 
the nineteenth of July next, as is possible. The Committee 
were continued and on motion of Mr. Perry, Messrs. Beckwith 
and Everett were added to the Committee. 

Attention was called by Mr. Allen to the neglected condition' 
of "Slate Rock," so called, and of the probability existing, that 
unless some preventive steps were taken, of the obliteration of 
that land mark in the history of the State. He informed the 
Society that he had learned that parties living in the vicinity of 
that spot, to which tradition has given the honor of being the 
first landing place of Roger Williams and his associates in their 
" Providence Plantations," had proposed to the City Council to- 
deed certain lands for an open square, provided the Council 



38 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

would take measures to preserve in some manner, that venerated 
portion of Rhode Island soil. On motion of Mr. Stone, Messrs. 
Allen and Williams were appointed a Committee in behalf of 
this Society to join with the parties mentioned, in presenting 
this jnatter to the attention of the City Council. 

The following resolution, after some slight discussion, was 
adopted. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Cornett, Southwick, and Beckwith be ap- 
pointed a Committee to take into consideration and report at some 
future meeting, some plan for permanently keeping open during the 
day, the Northern Cabinet of the Society. 

The Treasurer informed the Society, that a number of taxes 
for the last year had not been paid by members, that in present- 
ing his bills he had been met many times witn the reply that 
they had subscribed for special objects of the Society and that 
they supposed had covered all demands against them. He 
offered this in explanation of the number of taxes unpaid. 

Meeting adjourned. 



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