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Accession No. 83124- Claxs No - ^^ *>* 

































As an excuse for assuming to point out 
to my readers, that which has so greatly puz- 
zled much wiser men who are especially edu- 
cated in the science of astronomy, and furnished 
with all the instruments and mechanism which 
can in any way assist them, allow me to plead, 
that we may be so close to an object as to be 
able to see only the details, while one standing 
farther away and not perplexed by these parts 
may see at a glance the whole structure, which 
has been ercted, unknown to themselves 
by these men of particulars. 

New theories are the work of vigorous and 
healthy imaginations, and are the forerunners 
of science and truth; and science would make 
but sorry progress if we did not allow our im- 
aginations to reach out into the unexplored 
darkness. New theories which are wrong, are 
very soon pulled to pieces and destroyed by sci- 
ence, but if they are correct, facts and figures 
already known will sustain them. 

We should not be ashamed to abandon a pet 
hobby, when it is tried in the crucible of truth 
and found wanting, but rather be ashamed to 
allow it to cling to us like dead rnoss. 

If the new ideas, theories or seeming facts 
hereinafter presented to thinking people for the 
first time, are wrong, they will be easily demol- 

istied and brushed out of the way of truth and 
progress; and the sooner the better. What we 
want is the truth, the whole truth and nothing 
but the truth, and law and order of nature; and 
we want none of the chance and changing no- 
tions of the jealous aud angry gods. 

I am quite well aware of the considerable 
amount of orthodoxy in connection with 
scientists rnd scientific societies, but if it is nec- 
essary to dedicate a book, I most respectfully, 
dedicate this little volume to science and invite 
scientists to criticise it without mercy, with the 
same cruel justice exercised by a camera. If it 
cannot stand before criticism it is not true and 
we do not want it. 

The details of many of the points and facts, 
which to me seem to fit so perfectly into this 
structure, as to make it a beautiful and simple 
truth, have been hurriedly passed over; first be- 
cause some of the discoveries I have made are 
patentable, and second, because being now a 
firm believer in the wireless telegraphy of 
thought, I do not care to longer delay the 
copyrighting of present discoveries, lest some 
more active fellow mortal should anticipate me 
and carry my message to Garcia. 

In the matters of the magnetic poles and the 
three different qualities of heat, i. e., heat, light 
and electricity, there is 'much more to be ex- 
plained. There is also a large field for young 
mathematitions in determining the exact age 

between planets, after the relative values of the 
force of gravity and centrifugal force are estab- 
lished according to this discovery. 

If the main principles of this discovery of 
the procession of planets are found to be correct 
may I hope that others will hasten to fit into 
their proper places those facts and truths 
which have been hurriedly passed over or 
missed- I will also be pleased to explain to any 
one such points as I have failed to make plain. 


ished and brushed out of the way of truth and 
progress; and the sooner the better. What we 
want is the truth, the whole truth and nothing 
but the truth, and law and order of nature; and 
we want none of the chance and changing no- 
tions of the jealous aud angry gods. 

I am quite well aware of the considerable 
amount of orthodoxy in connection with 
scientists rnd scientific societies, but if it is nec- 
essary to dedicate a book, I most respectfully, 
dedicate this little volume to science and invite 
scientists to criticise it without mercy, with the 
same cruel justice exercised by a camera. If it 
cannot stand before criticism it is not true and 
we do not want it. 

The details of many of the points and facts, 
which to me seem to fit so perfectly into this 
structure, as to make it a beautiful and simple 
truth, have been hurriedly passed over; first be- 
cause some of the discoveries I have made are 
patentable, and second, because being now a 
firm believer in the wireless telegraphy of 
thought, I do not care to longer delay the 
copyrighting of present discoveries, lest some 
more active fellow mortal should anticipate me 
and carry my message to Garcia. 

In the matters of the magnetic poles and the 
three different qualities of heat, i. e., heat, light 
and electricity, there is "much more to be ex- 
plained. There is also a large field for young 
mathematitions in determining the exact age 

between planets, after the relative values of the 
force of gravity and centrifugal force are estab- 
lished according to this discovery. 

If the main principles of this discovery of 
the procession of planets are found to be correct 
may I hope that others will hasten to fit into 
their proper places those facts and truths 
which have been hurriedly passed over or 
missed- I will also be pleased to explain to any 
one such points as I have failed to make plain. 






There are two great forces in nature which 
keep matter in ceaseless motion. These two 
forces, the force of Heat and the force of Gravity 
have their greatest centers in the sun, relative 
to the planetary system and are always in 
opposition to each other. 

2 The force of Heat is forever disintegrating 
matter and forcing or pushing it away from 
the sun as light and electricity. 

3 The force of Gravity is forever crystaliz- 
ing, collecting separating into its elements 
and drawing it back to the Sun. 

4 If there was only the force of heat in na- 
ture, all matter would be disintegrated by heat 
into light and electricity and sent out through 
space never to return. 

5 If there was only the force of gravity in 
nature, all matter would finally be gathered 
into one vast motionless sphere, never to be 

6 In either case all would be silence and 
death, as there would be no more motion of 
matter. Heat is the chemical action which 
causes the life and motion of matter and grav- 


ity is the crystalizing, condensing ossifying 
and death of matter. 

7 When matter is returned to the sun, by 
the force of gravity, separated into its elements 
the friction caused by its chemical dissolution in 
that great mixing caldron of electrical energy, 
gives up exactly the same amount of heat which 
it cost the sun to throw it out. There can be no 
loss in nature. 

8 Sir Isaac Newton discovered the force of 
gravity by wondering why the apple fell to the 
earth, instead of falling into the sky. If he had 
taken another step and wondered why it came 
to be in the treetop, he would have found that 
it was placed there by the force of heat, and he 
would then have discovered the other great 
force of nature, or rather that heat is the other 
great opposite force in nature. 

9 It was the force of heat acting upon the 
soil, that sent the rich juices up through the 
pores of the tree, to the apple blossom and it 
was the force of gravity which collected, crystal- 
ized or ossified their substances, bringing on 
ripeness, old age and death. 

10 In the case of the apple, heat was life and 
gravity was death. It is the same throughout 
all nature and the force of heat can never hang 
an apple so high that the force of gravity will 
not find it and bring it down, neither can it 
send matter so far away into space that gravity 



the oxygen of the air which causes the heat. We 
can make thousands of combinations of chemi- 
cals or elements of matter, which disintegrate 
and unite with each other so readily and with 
such suddeness, as to cause an explosion. 

16 when heat, light or electricity is sent out 
from the Sun by the force of heat, it is composed 
of a perfect mixture of all elements of matter 
found in nature. When it is thrown out into 
the regions of space and the heat has left it or 
become latent, it is crystalized and separated 
into its elements, which means its different 
kinds of material, such as air water or mineral, 
and finaly returned to the sun, to be disintegra- 
ted and reunited with the original matter of the 

17 It is the chemical reuniting then, of these 
elements, which gravity has separated and re- 
turned to the Sun in the shape of planets, moons 
asteroids, meteors and cosmic dust, which 
causes the chemical friction necessary to 
furnish it with a never ending supply of heat 
and material. 

18 Therefore we find electricity to be com- 
posed of a complete admixture of all matter in 
nature, in the exact proportion in which it ex- 
ists, pushed out from the Sun by the force of 
heat through space, carrying the life, expansion 
and buoyancy of youth. 

19 Each atom of its substance or fluid also 


carries with it all the -motions of the Sun which 
are also the motions of all the heavenly bodies 
with the exceptions hereinafter explained (see 
CH, xiii.), and is always, during its long journey 
in constant and instant connection with the 
Sun; a constant stream of its living energy is 
always leaving the Sun and is continually ar- 
riving at every heavenly body or particle of 
matter in the universe. 

20 Without gravity to separate matter into 
its chemical or mineral elements, there could 
be no chemical heat generated by its return to 
the sun. 

21 So it is through all nature, we must look 
to these two greater forces of heat and gravity, 
which are forever opposing each other, for an 
explanation of all phenomena, which they will 
surely give correctly if correctly interpreted. 

22 What they do however is only temporary, 
because what one is doing the other is as indus- 
triously undoing and thus as we shall see in 
the chapters following, there is a continual out- 
pouring of energy from the San in every direc- 
tion through space, and a constant returning 
of its separated elements, guided by the minor 
forces, in the great circling orbits of the 
planets, moons, asteroids and meteors, follow- 
ing in this long funeral procession, which had 
no beginning and can have no end. 

23 This discovery of the procession of planets 


is simply that the substance of the Sun is being 
constantly disintegrated by the force of heat 
into light and electricity and driven out through 
space and being composed of the expanded par- 
ticles of the same material which was decom- 
posed to produce it; is crystalized into cosmic 
dust, collected by the force of gravity as the 
heat leaves it, and gradually gathering into 
masses, forms the new worlds in the outside re- 
gions of the solar system, which as new plan- 
ets are slowly drawn towards the sun as they 
make their mighty orbits, until after billions 
of years, they again return to recruit that great 
chemical center of heat, light and life, after 
having passed through many stages of evolu- 
tion, from a loose cloud of gas, cosmic dust, me- 
teors and stones; gathering their contrary 
comet moons; passing through the fires of fric- 
tion, as generated by their grinding sand and 
meteors; melting by the immense heat they 
generate; burning and radiating themselves 
away to planets of the second class; some burst- 
ing at this danger point, by their great heat 
and rotation into astroids, cooling and forming 
a crust; bearing life by the laws of evolution; 
dying and turning their magnetic poles to the 
sun; falling into that central, rejuvenating cal- 
dron of heat where they are chemically dissolved 
and return the heat they received at first only 
to be renewed and sent out again on the same 
long journey. 


24 There are a multitude of reasons to prove 
the formation of new worlds begin in the remote 
space outside of the planet Neptune, who 
swings in his mighty orbit 3,000,000,000 miles 
from the Sun. Half the distance from our Sun 
to the nearest fixed star, is 12,500,000,000,000 
miles. Supposing our Sun to control by its 
forces the matter distributed through this space 
and there would still be a strip outside of Nep- 
tune of 12,497,000,000,000 miles wide, out from 
Neptune's orbit. 

25 In order to better understand the situation 
let us suppose this space to be inclosed in a 
glass case. We would then have a glass ball of 
25,000,000,000,000 miles in diameter, with 
the center taken out 6,000,000,000 miles in 
diameter to represent Neptune's orbit. In this 
space, outside of the inner ball and inside of 
outer ball, we might reasonably expect our Sun 
to exercise its forces of gravity and electro- 
magnetic energy. 

26 Light which travels at the rate of nearly 
12,000,000 miles per minute and which is com- 
posed of every known substance in the solar 
or any other system, as the spectroscope 
plainly proves, must therefore reach this 
remote regeon before it is all crystalized* 

27 It is a well known fact that the space 
through which the Earth travels is filled more 
or less with small particles of sand and stones 
and some many tons in weight. It is pertinent 


then to ask how came they there? Not by chance 
of course, because there is no chance work any- 
where in nature. No doubt the San is receiving 
large contributions of matter in this wa}'. 

28 It is estimated that 1,000,000 meteors of 
various sizes fall into the Earth's atmosphere 
every hour. The Sun being 1,310,000 times as 
large, would receive that man}^ times as much 
multiplied by its additional force of gravity. 

29 Outside of Neptune in the vast space of 
which we can have so little knowledge is where 
we must look for the new planets, where the 
crystalized light or electricity collects by the 
force of gravity, which is the first process in 
the forming of a new world. Being almost de- 
serted by heat in this immensely cold regeon 
the mass attracts more and more as it grows 
larger and its force of gravity greater. 

30 This mass we perceive has now established 
a force of gravity of its own which is^being acted 
upon by the Sun's force of gravity and must be 
considered in connection with the motions it 
must now take in an orbit. It has pointed 
its magnetic poles in the right direction which 
of course throws its equator on the plane of the 
Sun's equator and as its poles are fixed it must 
revolve at its equator, without disturbing its 

31 If therefore we take for granted, as we are 
compelled to do by noting the fact, that every 


plan-et and moon in the solar syste 
north pole towards the same part of space,* we 
see at a glance that all their equators must be 
on the same plane. 

32 All matter which leaves the Sun carries 
the motions of the Sun with it no matter if it is 
the smallest possible subdivision of matter. It 
has this motion when a part of the Sun and 
therefore can never loose it in space where 
there is no resistance to its action. If the planets 
were thrown out from the Sun in a body as has 
often been supposed, scientists would not hesi- 
tate to admit it would take and retain the mo- 
tions of the Sun. They would no doubt admit 
it if the body weighed but a thousand tons, or 
but one ton, or one pound, or one ounce In fact 
at what subdivision of matter can they stop in 
size? Must they not admit that the particles of 
electricity carry the motions of the Sun, the 
same as they would if the size of a moon. As 
these atoms collect into new worlds, it is a col- 
lection of motion as well as of matter because 
the motions of all the atoms are alike, and there- 
fore the new world could take no other mo- 
tion than an orbit and rotation from right to 
left which we have seen is the inherent motion 
of all matter. 

33 Suppose we set a top spinning, if we give 
it a little swing as the string comes off we give 
it two motions, i.e., the rotating motion of spin- 


ning and a circling or orbit motion wherfcy it 
makes circles on the floor while spinning. Now 
if we could throw it out into space where there is 
no resistance, it would go on making the same 
motions forever, the same as every atom of 
light and electricity carry the motions of the 
Sun and point their poles in the same direction. 

34 All matter moves naturally from right to 
left and when we find a motion from left to 
right, it is an accident. This is why every Sun, 
Planet and Moon rotate and travel on their or- 
bits from right to left; it is the reason why every 
storm center rotates and makes an orbit from 
right to left and it is the reason why a soaring 
bird circles from right to left. All vines wind 
up a stick or string from right to left and will 
not be forced to grow otherwise. It is the inhre- 
ent motion of matter and applies even to our 
own persons, causing us to whirl and make an 
orbit from right to left around the ball room. 
Blindfold a man and start him straight away 
and he will at once start on an orbit from right 
to left. All races are run on the track from 
right to left and machinery set contrary to the 
inherent motions of nature will not give satisfac- 
tion. We must take notice that nature does not 
do her work by notions but by fixed laws, and 
to understand, we must use less mystery and 
more judgment. 

35 Having now started on its great orbit, 


the Suns' force' of gravity gradually draws it in 
while centrifugal force holds it out to a gradu- 
ally deceasing orbit, until after billions of cen- 
turies it is drawn back into that vast funeral 
fire the burial place of worlds, or to be exact the 
rejuvenating center of nature. 

36 If the Sun is forever throwing out its en- 
ergy as even Physacists admit it is, it must also 
have a supply of material coming in, with 
whic'h to sustain itsself. Let us then, carefully 
examine this procession of returning planets, 
moons, asteroids, comets, meteors and sand 
which are always on their way to the Sun, com- 
mencing at the farthest planet which our largest 
telescope is able to reveal to us, and let each 
one as we come in, give its own evidence, that 
it is older than its outside neighbor and 
younger than its neighbor toward the Sun. 

37 Let us consider them carefully from far 
away Neptune, that vast, cold, blue cloud of 
dust, stones and meteors, to Mercury, the little 
heavy, old dead world, which like the old dead 
moon of our Earth, is held in its last struggle, 
"flying fast and flying faster," while securely 
bound it is being surely and swiftly 
dragged to the sacrifice. 





Neptune, almost 3,000,000,000 miles from 
the Sun, is so far away that even with the large 
and almost perfect telescopes of modern times 
it can not be very well understood. We can 
however preceive that it is a vast cloud of loose 
and nebulous matter of a bluish color. 

39 The spectroscope shows the difference be- 
tween a solid body and a mass of loose or inde- 
pendent fragments collected together and Nep- 
tune is of the latter class and its density is 
very low. 

40 It is so far away that we can see but one 
of its moons and this strange body revolves 
backward in its orbit, or from left to right, and 
in the opposite direction to all other heavenly 
bodies. This is because moons are at first caught 
by the new worlds as comets, coming from 
outside of the new planets' orbit which causes 
them to drop behind the planet, which is mov- 
ing and thus swing the wrong way. 

41 This planets bluish colored disk has no 
markings, not even bands, so we can tell abso- 
lutely nothing about its rotation on its axes. It 
moves on its orbit at the slowesi speed of any 


planet in the system, requiring one hundred 
and sixty five years 'to complete its orbit at the 
rate of about 240,000 per day. 

42 Neptune is 35,000 miles in diameter and 
is undoubtedly growing larger by catching dust 
and meteors and clusters of loose stones which 
must always be forming little centers of gravity 
of their own, of all conceivable sizes, in these 
outside regions. 

43 The finding of this stranger by computing 
its force of gravity upon Uranus, was one of the 
most wonderful feats of mathematical skill, per- 
haps ever accomplished by astronomers. 

44 Uranus is the next planet in order be- 
tween Neptune and the Sun and is approxi- 
mately, about half way between the two but is 
still so far away from the Earth as to be consid- 
erable of a mystery. However the telescope 
shows an increase of warmth, by a greenish 
colored disk and two faint bands. It is also, 
like Neptune, shown by the spectroscope to be 
composed of loose stones bat evidence of having 
worked up considerable warmth when 
compared with Neptune. 

45 The bands show that the equator lies on 
the same plane as the Sun and the other heav- 
enly bodies and proves that it is rotating on its 
axes and becoming warm. It is also more com- 
pact than Neptune and has gained speed along 
its orbit, traveling at the rate of 360,000 miles 
per day. 


46 Uranus has four moons which are large 
enough to see with telescope, which revolve air 
most at right angles to the planets equa- 
tor or from pole to pole, rising in the south 
and setting in the north. Since Uranus was at 
the position of Neptune, their orbits have 
turned half way over from end to end, by 
the inherent motion of matter which their con- 
trary action opposes. 

47 Uranus is visible to the naked eye but is 
very faint. It is but 32,000 miles in diameter and 
requires eighty-four years to complete its orbit 
around the Sun. The Sun gives nine hundred 
times as much light to the Earth as it gives to 
Neptune and three hundred times as much as 
to Uranus, and it would make very little differ- 
ence whether, it was day or night or winter or 
summer on either of these planets. 

48 The latter planet certainly gives proof by 
its bands and the warmer color, that the fric- 
tion caused by the rotation of its loose frag- 
ments of matter, has caused some heat and it is 
much warmer than Neptune, which gives not 
the least sign of warmth. 

49 We cannot be sure of the time of rotation 
upon its axes further than, according to the law 
of the procession of planets, the planets and 
Sun all revolve alike, or once in twenty-four 
hours. Their equators travel faster or slower, ac- 
cording to their size. Mars, for instance, rotates 


in twenty four hours but being smaller than 
the Earth, its equator only moves 640 
miles per hour. When the first class planets ap- 
parently rotate faster than once in twenty-four 
hours, it is only the outside shell or man- 
tle that is doing so, for which statment we have 
the best of proof (see ch, Hi.). A large planet 
like Jupiter would move at the rate of 12,000 
miles per hour at the equator, if it revolved in 
twenty-four hours and the great red spots show 
that the inside revolves much more slowly than 
the outside. It will finally be found that they all 
revolve their center parts in twenty-four hours. 

50 The Sun is also covered by a loose envel- 
ope, but contrary to Jupiter, we will see that its 
center revolves much faster than the outside, 
for good and sufficient reasons, one of which is 
that the Sun is always in a molten state and 
therefore not in the condition of Jupiter, as a 
Wheatstone electro-dynamo. 

51 No doubt when Uranus has reached the 
present position of Saturn, millions years in 
the future, it will have gained the same heat 
and ehow a yellowish color, with bright bands 
almost to the poles. 

52 Sir Wm. Thompson estimates the time 
since the Earth first formed its crust, to be 400, 
000,000 years and geologists agree that it is a 
reasonable time. This would, when applied to 
this discovery, of the procession of planets, take 


the Earth back to the position now occupied 
by Mars and establishing that time as the time 
between two worlds or, giving us a new planet 
every 400,000,000 years. Following this esti- 
mate and allowing the same time for Neptune, 
we would have eleven such spaces or 4,400, 000, 
000 million years for a planet to exist from its 
collection by the force of gravity, until it 
reaches the Sun and is again disintegrated by 
the force of heat. 

53 The time will come no doubt, when with 
better telescopes and other instruments not yet 
invented, we will be able to detect a new planet 
outside of Neptune and nearly 5,000,000,000 
miles from the Sun, thus adding 400,000,000 
years more to the time. Of course this 
time is too long to be comprehended by our 
present brain capacit}^ but during the history of 
many thousand years we know of scarcely any 
change in the heavenly bodies, and we must go 
to the history kept by the rocks before the time 
of man, to find a difference of climate on the 

54 The glaciers may have existed half that 
long ago when the Earth was much more 
cooled than Mars is now, or should be if he were 
of regular size and yet so much farther from 
the Sun than at present that the winter poles 
were much colder than now and winter much 
longer on account of its greater orbit. For the 


same reason the summers would be longer and 
immensegroths of vegetation would be produced 
during these long summers of continual sun- 
shine, aided by the additional heat of the Earth 
itself, which at that time had just formed a 



When we come in again, half way to the Sun 
we find Saturn, one of the most remarkable of 
the planets, on account of its curious rings, 
which however should not be taken too seriously 
as they are only comets wrapped around it in 
short orbits. 

56 Saturn is 898,000,000 miles from the Sun 
and makes an orbit in 84 years at the rate of 
490,000 miles per day. We must notice as we 
go along, that each planet as we come in to the 
Sun, is traveling about twice as fast as the last 
one outside of it. We must notice also that 
they have dropped towards the Sun about half 
the diameter of their orbits, each time (see ch, 

57 Here in the case of Saturn, we have the 


details of world making near enough to be 
better understood, in that degree of develop- 
ment, where great heat is generated by friction 
of grinding rocks. We must be careful not to 
confound this mechanical method of heating 
with the chemical heat as produced in the 
Sun by the chemical disintegration of matter. 

58 Being 76,000 miles in diameter it will be 
seen that in making one revolution on its axes 
in twenty-four hours, as the center undoubtedly 
does, the surface would revolve at the equator, 
at the rate of 9,600 miles per hour. The surface 
however travels much faster and is credited 
with making a revolution in ten hours and 
fifty-five minutes. 

59 To illustrate why the first class planets, 
Neptune, Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter, rotate 
faster and faster as we come in towards the Sun 
and become hotter at the same time, let us now 
consider them as great electrical machines, 
exalting their own motion as they revolve their 
outside shell or secondary helix, and turn to a 
description of the Siemans & Wheatone machine 
which is officially described as follows; 

"Expressed generally, this discovery consists 
in exalting by means of its own action, to a 
high degree of intensit\ r , an infinitesmal 
amount of magnetism. Conceive an electro-mag- 
netic core, with a very small amount of residual 
magnetism, which is never wholly absent when 


iron has once been magnetized. Let a secondary 
coil, with cores of soft iron rotate before the 
poles of such a magnet. Exceedingly feeble in- 
duced currents will circulate in the secondary 
coil. Let these induced currents instead of being 
carried away, be sent around the electro-magnet 
which produced them, its magnetism will there- 
by be exalted. It is then in condition to produce 
still stronger currents. These being also sent 
around the magnet its power rises still higher; 
a more copious production of induced currents 
is the result. Thus by a series of inter-actions 
between the electro-magnet and secondary he- 
lix, each in turn exalting the other, the eleo- . 
tro-magnet is raised from a state of almost per- 
fect neutrality to one of intense magnatation." 
60 This shows exactly how these big planets 
increase their rotary speed from Neptune to 
Jupiter, as we have seen they do. Now let us 
turn to Prof. James E. Keeler's description of 
Jupiters' great red spot that we may basure we 
have made no mistake and that the interior of 
these monsters do not revolve as fast as their 

"In 1878 there suddenly appeared a pink 
spot on the surface of Jupiter of unprecedented 
dimensions; the length is given as 30,000 miles 
by 7,000 miles broad. In another year it was a 
full Indian red. So completely did it dwarf all 
other recorded spots, that it was hencforth 


known as "the great red spot". It faded away 
and was almost invisible in 1883; since then it 
has had irregular spells of brightening but nev- 
er recovered its pristine beauty. The time of 
rotation of the red spot, is not the same as the 
adjacent forms. In 1890 a large spot was mov- 
ing towards the red spot but it was diverted 
from its course but remained at a higher lati- 
tude into which it had been shunted; it passed 
the red spot at the rate of twenty miles per 
hour. The great red spot, is like a bank of sand 
in the river, past which the clouds go scurrying." 

61 This shows conclusively that the inside of 
Jupiter does move more slowly than the outside 
and Prof. Howe considers this to be the case as 
proved by the action of these spots (See Study of 
the Sky, p, 257). 

62 The outside of Saturns' rings travel at the 
rate of nearly 30,000 miles per hour and Clerk 
Maxwell, an English scientist, has shown by 
the spectroscope that these are composed of 
myriads of small pebbles, too small to be seen 
individually even by the largest telescopes. Dr. 
Keller afterwards proved this, by using photo- 
graphs of spectroscopic observations. He showed 
that the outer edge of the rings revolves in 
longer time than the inner edge thus giv- 
ing a grinding motion to these pebbles, which 
would cause heat when applied to a planet of 
like material. 


63 A majority of astronomers now agree that 
Saturn is in a more or less heated state and Prof. 
Howe, in his Study of the Sky, p. 265, says: 
"The placid cloud mantle in which the ball is 
enveloped, hides the commotion within, but the 
interior does not seem to be in such a state of 
activity as Jupiter manifests." 

64 This is exactly the case, and Saturn has 
yet 400,000,000 years to grind, before reaching 
Jupiters' position, size and condition of heat. 

65 Saturn has eight moons, which travel 
around it from right to left in nearly the 
plane of its equator. Since it was ,at the posi- 
tion of Uranus therefore it has gradually turned 
its contrary moons over, until their orbits 
are almost end for end and in another 
400,000,000 years at the position of Jupiter we 
find them in their proper place, making their 
orbits on the plane of that planet's equator. 

66 Neptune, Uranus and Saturns' moons do 
not revolve around those planets on the plane 
of their equators, which is evidance enough of 
their riot coming from the planets, because if 
they had, they would have been thrown cut on 
the plane of their equators and make their orbits 
on the same plane. 

67 The rings of Saturn are very thin and sup- 
posed to be not more than 100 miles thick, and 
cannot be seen with a small telescope w 
turned edgewise to us. Gallileo, who 


them, supposed they had fallen to the planet 
when they afterwards turned edgewise. They 
were not turned back again during his lifetime, 
and he died in that belief. 

68 The inside ring appears to be nearing the 
planet, as measurements taken by Gallileo 
show when compared with the present time. 
Changes would naturaly take place quickly in 
so flimsy an affair, as there must be continual 
collision in so much loose material and conse- 
quent checking of centrifugal force, giving it a 
shorter orbit very rapidly. 

69 More than likely these rings may be com- 
ets which have been wound around the planet 
in small orbits. Jupiter has been known to almost 
catch two comets in recent years. In 1879 Lex- 
tels' comet became mixed up with Jupiter's 
moons and in 1889 Brooks' comet, had the 
same experience. The next favorable time to 
view the rings will be in 1914 when they will 
be inclined twenty-eight degrees to our line of 

70 Saturn's eight moons commencing at the 
outside are lapetus, Hyperon, Titan, Reha, Di- 
one, Thehys, Duceladus and Alias. lapetus is 
2,225,000 miles from the planet, being the 
farthest out. 

71 Belts are seen around the ball of Saturn 
almost to its poles. It is only one-eighth as 
dense as the Earth, another proof of its heated 


but unmelted condition. When it does become 
hot enough to melt by friction, its density will 
increase and its size will decrease to the dens- 
ity of a molten mass and from that sizeit must 
radiate down to a planet of the second class but 
it still has 400,000,000 years to reach the orbit 
of Jupiter, and he is still heating and swelling. 



72 Leaving Saturn to its grinding and heating 
and coming in once more -half way to the Sun 
we arrive at the greatest of all the planets, and 
greater in size than in weight. It is swelled al- 
most beyond recognition as a planet and sur- 
rounded by all the gases and clouds belonging 
to a stage of great heat, through which every 
planet must pass before it can become melted 
into a body and commence its task of radiation 
and later the production of life. This it could 
never do if not melted and condensed. Neither 
could gravity so well separate its elements, and 
if they were-not separated they could not create 
the chemical heat in the Sun, as they do when 
properly prepared by gravity. Points upon its 
surface travel at great speed and it is supposed 


to make a revolution in a little more than nine 
hours. This however we cannot be quit certain 
of and as we have seen is only the motioni of its 
outside shell as with the first class planets and 
the Sun. 

73 The bright colored bands around Jupiter 
show it to be a glowing mass, almost ready to 
melt down. When it finaly does so and settles 
down to a much smaller size the process of ra- 
diation will commence at once and Jupiter will 
be a bright burning star such as Asteroid was 
before the accident which bursted it. 

74 It has been a standing mystery, why Nep- 
tune, Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter are such 
monsters in size when compared with Mars, 
Earth, Venus and Murcury, but it seems very 
simple that they must burn and radiate to a 
reasonable size before they become cool enough 
to form a crust. 

75 Perhaps if Asteroid had not burst but was 
now in its proper place unimpaired, a bright 

burning star half or one third as large as Jupi- 
ter, we would not have been puzzled so long by 
so simple a matter. What could they do but loose 
their heat and size by radiation. For 400,000- 
000, years or more they are heat centers and 
must during all that inconceivable time be 
throwing out their heat and thus losing their 

76 Jupiter will be almost a small Sun when 


he finaly bursts in to flames but he will not reach 
the present orbit of Mars for 800,000,000 years 
where he should form his crust and commence 
to evolve life. 

77 He is the great giant amongst planets now 
but each one as it reaches his present orbit will 
be the great giant. Saturn is following him and 
when he has become melted and is radiating 
his bulk away Saturn will be the great giant, 
the rings and some of the moons will be added 
to the planet's melting mass and Uranus will be 
in Saturns place, Neptune will be in the place 
of Uranus and a monstrous cold, blue cloud of 
sand, stones and gas will come in sight as anew 
world just receiving its motions and with its 
comet moons revolving backward in their orbit. 

78 Jupiter has five moons, four of which can 
be seen with a good opera glass. They are in 
.themselves a very interesting study. Their time 
of transit, eclipses and occulations are given in 
the nautical almanac. 

79 The velocity of light was discovered by ob- 
serving these eclipses. Roemer noticed that as 
the planet and the Earth were receding the 
time of the small moon I. did not come as soon 
as it should and in wondering why it was so he 
concluded that it took light that much time to 
travel the extra distance, so he watched the 
eclipses untill the two planets began to ap- 
proach each other again, when sure enough the 


time began to shorten and the eclipse come to 
soon and from this he soon calculated the speed 
of light. 

80 Astronomers give Jupiter credit with a 
red atmosphere. No doubt it has a fiery gas un- 
der the carbonous clouds which partially hides 
its great smothered heat and they will think 
the inferneo has broken out again, if there are 
are any of them alive when his smothered flame 
can no longer be hidden under blankets of 
carbon and he bursts out into a blazing mass 
of fire. 

81 The great red spot may have been a moon 
which had been revolving around Jupiter in or 
under its clouds of carbon which did not make 
its appearance until it fell into the more solid 
interior of the planet and received enough heat 
to make it red (n. 60). 

82 Summing up all the evidence we have in 
sight, we must find Jupiter hotter than any 
other planet in the system with the possible 
exception of Mars and if so there is a reason 
for it. Saturn following him is heating and 
Mars before him is cooling, so that at some 
point between his orbit and the orbit of Mars 
is the point. of greatest heat where the worlds 
melt as they come in. Up to this time they 
have been growing warmer as we have seen and 
as the telescope and spectroscope plainly show. 
While they were heating they were also swell- 


ing in volume as well as adding considerable 
stray matter to their bulk as they generated 
heat, electric and magnetic currents and pow- 
er. They have revolved faster and faster and at 
the same time they have traveled faster on their 
orbits as they have dropped towards the Sun 
until now at Jupiter, we find him traveling on 
his orbit at the rate of 690,000 miles per day. 

83 Saturn makes a revolution on its axes in 
ten hours and fourteen minutes, while Jupiter 
although thousands of miles larger in circum- 
ference makes a revolution in nine hours and 
fifty five minutes. We can not know the time 
of Uranus' revolution but we know it is much 
faster than Neptune's which is proved by its 
faint bands. 

84 So we see that they become more and more 
great electric dinamos as they come in untill 
they reach the present orbit of Jupiter which 
must be near the melting point and we cannot 
deny the patent fact which is in plain sight 
that as they grind away these millions of years 
they generate by friction, the heat which finaly 
melts them down, when their increasing elec- 
trical motions being no longer augmented cease 
and the mass gradually settles back to the 
rotary motion of the inside matter of the planet 
which as we have seen is the inherent motion 
of all matter as it comes from the Sun (n. 59). 

85 Some astronomers explain the so called 


red atmosphere of Jupiter as due to the sun- 
light effcts upon its clouds, forgetting the plan- 
et is five times as far from the Sun as we are 
where the sunlight is a very small matter indeed. 





86 Coming in this time half way to the Sun 
from Jupiter which should be the orbit of a 
planet, we find instead only its scattered re- 
mains. A great celestial catastrophy, fragments 
of a world which burst in the crucible. Here 
seems the most absolute proof of its former 
great heat and fast rotary motion. It would re- 
quire thorough melting and condensing before 
it could explode and that it was so we have 
only to notice that each of the 600 Asteroids 
which our largest telescopes are able to reveal to 
us, are spheres. 

87 If it had not been in a molten state at the 
time of the accident these Asteroids would be 
in all kinds of shapes and chunks but they are 
round and smoothe. They follow the original 
orbit of the planet as near as could be expected 


but of course are greatly scattered in width and 
strung along the orbit. 

88 It would be of the greatest interest if we 
could see this firoy planet in its original 
orbit unimpaired, as future inhabitants 
of the Earth will sometime see Jupiter provi- 
ded of course he too does not burst in passing 
this dangerous point of heat and speed. No 
doubt the planet Asteroid would be much 
smaller and much more condensed than Jupi- 
tre because it would be completely melte and- 
would have been radiating its heat and weight 
away for uncounted ages. Yet it would no 
doubt be many times larger than the Earth as 
it would still have 400,( >00,000 years to radiate 
itself away, before reaching the present orbit of 

89 Perhaps there may be trillions of these 
Asteroids which can never be seen from the 
Earth as they are 100,000,000 miles from the 
Earth on an averag and five times as far, a 
part of the time. 

90 The Asteroids like Neptune were discov- 
ered by means of mathematical calculation and 
theory or reason. Titus in 1772 found that the 
following ratio should represent the approxi- 
mate possitions of the planets from the Sun. 
Representing the Earths, distance by ten he 
found the following ratio between theory and 



Murcury 0x4 4 5.9 

Venus "3x4 7 7.2 

Earth 6x4 10 10.0 

Mars 12 x 4 16 15.2 

(Asteroid) 24x4 (24) (24.5) 

Jupiter 48 x 4 52 52.0 

Saturn 96x4 100 95.4 

91 Neither Uranus or Neptune had been dis- 
covered at that time but when Uranus was 
discovered and found to reasonably conform to 
the same ratio this gap between Jupiter and 
Mars made such an impression on Bode, the 
great Berlin astronomer, that he undertook 
the task of finding the missing planet. It was 
however twenty years before Piazzi, a Sillian 
astronomer discovered the first Asteroid, Ceres. 
Since that time they have been found almost 
nightly by cameras which are set for them. 

92 Vesta one of the Asteroids is visible to the 
naked eye and although it is not the largest it 
is the brightest. The diameters of the four 
largest of these tiny worlds are as follows: 

Ceres 485 miles 

Pallas 304 ' ' 

Vesta 243 

Juno 118 

93 Eros is the nerrest known Asteroid to the 
Earth and will come as close as 14,000,000 
miles in 192 1. Its orbit is an elipse and at times 


it is far outside of Mars. Being so small, only 
twenty miles in diameter it is easily influenced 
out of its original orbit by the planets and is of 
course liable to be picked up some time by 
Mars as it must cross the orbit of Mars twice 
every trip around the Sun. It is expected to 
furnish an exact basis of measurment by which 
to correct the distances of all the other heavenly 
bodies because it is so small that its exact 
position can be taken at any time within a few 

94 The theory that these little bodies came 
from a ring of matter which was left over by 
the contracting theory will not stand the ,test 
because they have been melted and such small 
bodies could not generate enough independent 
heat to melt and we can easily see that they 
are spheres of great density. They must be 
cooled to the center according to their denisty 
and would cool very fast after being distributed 
into such small bodies. 

95 If the original planet had not bursted, it 
would no doubt be a bright burning star in the 
most interesting stage of radiating itsself to a 
planet of the second class. There is no story or 
legend known in history of this firy orb so its 
accident must have occured at least 10,000 
years ago. 

96 Perhaps if archaeologists continue to find 
old cities beneath the almost mythical city of 


Niper, they may yet find some reference to it 
as it must have been a very prominant feature 
of the heavens having almost the appearance of 
a small Sun for at least two years out of seven 
and would have been the third celestial attrac- 
tion while it lasted. 

97 We must be careful not to overlook any 
point which may possibly throw light upon 
this interesting procession of planets, therfore 
we might consider for a moment what became 
of the three moons which this unfortunate body 
should have had in company at the time. 

98 If one or more of these satelites were a 
long way out (the farthest should have been in 
the neighborhood of 600,000 miles) and of any 
considerable size, like our own moon they or it 
shouid be in sight between the orbits of Jupiter 
and Mars and still preserving an orbit motion if 
not wrecked in the general smashup. 

99 The objection that if one planet bursts at 
the point of Asteroid, they should all do the 
same is not a necessary conclusion for the 
reason that its bursting was due in part to its 
over rate of speed in rotating, induced by the 
mechanical process of generating too much 
electro-magnetic energy. While nature herself 
makes no mistake we know that a machine is 
always liable to accident and these planets' in 
fact, become great electro-magnetic machines at 
this point as we;have seen. We know that Mars, 

4! -iv 

the Earth, Venus and Murcury have 
this point safely (n. 59). 
100 In reference to asteroids near the San, it 
is reasonable to believe that nature would 
protect her interests as she does by all the laws 
of evolution and burst these now usless worlds 
before they enter the Sun. In case of an entire 
planet entering the Sun in one body, the great 
chemical activity and consequent overplus of 
electrical energy, would amount to little less 
than an explotion on the Earth. 

101 These planets might explode by the water 
and air which sinks into their crusts as they 
become cooler. When near the sun there might 
be such great heat as to bring these elements 
in sight again as explosions of steam, in the 
great interior caverns. Prof. Alex. Winchell in 
his Neublar theory expresses the belief that 
water cannot approach^ the Sun, beyond a cer- 
tain fixed limit. 



102 Once more half way to the Sun from the 
Asteroids, we find the red planet of war, Mars. 
Having safely passed the bursting point in the 


procession of planets it is now in the act of 
cooling and forming its crust. It is receiving its 
atmosphere and water which its own heat may 
have been holding at a distance for millions of 
years since it began to melt in the vacinity of 
Jupiter and is now almost ready to produce 
and support life, which the laws of evolution 
will as surely produce, as it has already recieved 
its motions in the great mass of loose stones 
which started on its long journey so many 
million years ago, out in the borders of our 
planetary eternity (n. 29). 

103 We can already see snow at the poles of 
Mars at such times as they are turned from the 
Sun. Now if there was no more ' heat in the 
planet Mars, than in the Earth it should be at 
least half covered with snow continually be- 
acuse it is nearly twice as far from the Sun as 
we are and its winters are twice as long as ours 
but the fact that there are but small caps of 
snow at the poles where the Sun does not shine 
for a year at a time, must convince us that it 
is very hot within itself. 

104 Its color also seems to indicate great 
heat. Of course as soon as a planet melts the 
friction of grinding material ceases and the 
generation of heat and energy stop and it must 
at once commence to cool by the slow process 
of radiation. 

105 After millions of years of radiation and 


reducing in size it would become small enough 
and cool enough to commence forming a crust 
or temporary crusts, like thin ice over a pond 
which would be checked or cracked to pieces 
time after time perhaps. Or the contrcting of 
the cooling crust might cause great crevices, 
which might account for the curious canals 
with which astronomers irrigate the inhabitents 
of Mars. However it seems more likely that 
these canals are made by the great rush of 
water from the polar regions towards the equi- 
torial regions after one of their long winters of 
cold storms for twelve months. It is more 
reasonable when we remember that Mars is 
flat and smoothe. not having cooled enough to 
have any mountains. It is receving its water 
at its poles as snow, and when this melts it of 
course flows towards equator, diging deep chan- 
nels untill it is evaporated again by the hotre- 
gons, into steam, to again fall at the poles 
by the forca of gravity. Thus we can percieve 
how these canals may be made by this endless 
round of water flowing but one way, in a land 
which is yet almost a level plain and probably 
little or no crust forned at the equitorial 
regions. No doubt the planet is much 
cooler than the Earth was at the same position 
in space, because, being so small it must have 
cooled much faster than the Earth. 
106 Mars appears to be a pigmy amongst th 


planets and his moons are pigmy moons. Of 
course there is some good reason for this which 
mathemations shouln be easily able to show. 
There may have been less material handy out 
in the regeons of Neptune, when Mars 
was being collected by the force of gravity, or 
the planet comprising the Asteroids may have 
stolen the comets belonging to him. One thing 
s quite evident, he never was as large as ordi- 
nary planets because his moons are pigmy 
moons, proportioned in size to himself. Being 
so small at the start he could only attract the 
small fry comets. There is an old axiom 
which is a law of gravity that says, " to him 
that hath shall be given but to him that hath 
not shall be taken, even that which he hath." 
If little Mars away out in the regons of world 
gathering should be smaller than Asteroid out- 
side of him and the Earth this side of him, we 
can redily see that they would attract farther 
aud stronger and so rob him on both sides of 
the material which belonged in his legitimate 

107 Having cooled so much faster on account 
of its small size, Mars may be in a condition to 
support life at an earlier period or position in 
space than the Earth was, provided the greater 
distance from the Sun and smaller amount of 
light does not interfere. 

108 There are innumerable theories regardin 


Mars and the probability of its being inhabited 
but most of these guesses are based upon the 
belief that Mars is older than the Earth 
which seems to be a popular fallacy. 

109 The density of a planet as in all life must 
tell its age. It is the work of gravity which pro- 
duces the effects of age and it is as easy to ob- 
erve the age of a planet as of a man by simply 
looking at it. Mountains are the wrinkles of age 
which always tell us correctly the age of all 

1 10 If it is possible that Mars on account of its 
pigmy size, is in advance of the Earth, when 
at the same orbit or age, it must still be in a 
very primitive condition in the production of 
any kind of life. 

111 The first life generated on a cooling 
planet, hy the laws of evolution, would be gov- 
erned by the conditions and would no doubt be 
plant life. From this it must slowly evolve and 
millions of years the poisons of its low swamps 
and rotting vegetation, would not permit any 
higher type of life than snakes. 

112 On our Earth we have the records written 
in the rocks showing that even the birds were 
serpentine during all the long ages of the for- 
mation of coal, when there were no mountains 
and when the vegetation by the asistance of 
the Earth's inner heat, was] of such enormous 
size and quantity. 


113 Mars is blessed with two moons. Deimos 
the largest is 12,900 miles from the planet's 
surface, while Phobos the inner one is but 
3,000 miles and makes a revolution around 
the planet in seven and one half hours or three 
times while Mars is turning once on its axis 
and for that reason Phobos has the destintion 
of rising in the west and setting in the east. 

114 'Bf>th these moon are dead moons, having 
turned their magnetic poles to the planet. 
There is every reason to believe that within a 
few centuries this little satelite will have ended 
his long journey by plunging into the liquid 
center of Mars an:l by doing so, at the same 
time probably raise some fair sized mountains 
and make a good deep harbor for the use of 
future Martesian mariners. A percetable 
shortening of the time of its orbit should be 
measurable in a few decades. 

115 The discovery of the moons of Mars was 
predicted by Voltaire, Kepler and Swift, by cal- 
culating the ratio of the number of moons from 
Saturn to Venus. The number of moons fol- 
lowing the planets' makes in itself a most 
interesting stud}', well calculated to set an 
inquiring mind to work in earnest when con- 
sidered in connection with this discovery. The 
further and still more astonishing fact that they 
also obey the law of inverse squares in aproch- 
ing their planets, gives another volume of evi- 


dence to still more overwhelmingly prove the 
procession of planets to be correct (ch. xii). 




116 The next planet, which is also in its 
proper place of half way from Mars to the Sun, 
is our own blessed Mother Earth, perhaps in 
the very prime of her motherhood. 

117 Prof. Isaac N. Vail, in his excellent 
work, "The Story of the Rocks," gives both Sat- 
urn and Jupiter younger dates than the Earth. 
He does not attempt to show why or give rea- 
sons for their positions in space, but goes on to 
give proofs that the earth has long eons ago 
passed the stages through which they are pas- 
sing now. 

118 Although the Earth is only half as far 
from the Sun as Mars, and the winters half as 
long it has many times more snow at its winter 
poles. The snow sometimes reaches its tropical 
lines, completely covering the temperate and 
frigid zones; while Mars only has a small cap 
of snow around its arctic and antartic circles 
during winters twice as long as ours, prov- 
ing, beyond the possibility of a doubt, that 


Mars has much more internal heat than the 

119 That the Earth has been much hotter 
than it is now is plainly shown by the history 
which nature and time have faithfully and 
plainly written upon the rocks of its crust with- 
out sentiment, fear or favor. Reference may 
be had to any good geology or encyclopedia, as 
there is no disagreement upon that point 
among savants. 

120 At the time the fire rocks were first hard- 
end, it is evident by their construction, as well 
as by reason, that there was no water on the 
face of the Earth. No doubt it was held sus- 
pended or pushed out to a certain distance in 
ths form of vapor by the force of heat, and that 
it only fell after the force of heat had suffi- 
ciently subsided so that the force of gravity 
could condense and bring it down, first at the 
winter poles, where the force of heat was the 

121 Prof. Vail's" Annular Theory" of the fall- 
ing of the snows and vapors at the poles, would 
not be in opposition therefore, to nature, and 
would be in line with this idea of the procession 
of planets, which, after we have examined 
every part in detail, and the old laws and new 
laws governing it, forms such a beautiful picture 
of truth, and moreso when we see the snows 
falling at the poles of Mars. 


122 In very deep mines it is found there is a 
regular increase of in the temperature as we go 
down. This seems to be almost universal wher- 
ever men have sunk shafts or bored wells to 
great depths, and iu some deep mines it is 
almost impossible for men to perform their labor 
on account of the heat, all of which shows that 
inside of a certain crust the Earth is more than 
likely a molten mass. 

123 There are also scattered over the face of 
the Earth many hundreds of enormous vent- 
holes or safety valves, called volcanoes, which 
open down into the molten center and allow the 
escape of gasses and fire at such times as the 
pressure is very great. And yet with all these 
safety openings there are often great earth- 
quakes which destroy life and property of un- 
told value. 

124 Judging by the time it has taken, the sed- 
ementary rocks to form and by the depth of 
the drift covering the first implements used in 
connection with a brain, the very earliest and 
most crude human-like creatures could not have 
existed but a few hundred thousand years ago 

125 If tha record of the stars could have been 
kept from the very birth of man's intellect to 
the present time, there would probably be very 
little perceptible change, unless in the flimsy 
rings of Saturn; the time of the orbits of some 
of the small moons, or possibly the bursting of 


Asteroids, so vast is the difference between 
400,000,000 years, the estimated time between the 
age of planets, and 100,000 years, the estimated 
time since human life began on earth. 

126 There are many good treaties upon what 
are usually known as the glaciers, which are 
very profitable to the student who wishes to fol- 
low out the argument of this theory; one of the 
best, perhaps, is the work of Prof. John Fisk, 
called "The Journeys of an Evolutionist," and 
the various other works referred to by him. 
What are known as glaciers were, however, 
caused by the cooling of the Earth, first at the 
poles, where it was coldest aud where it was in 
darkness of winter (at that time being at or 
near where Mars now is), twelve months instead 
of six, as now, where the water first made its 
appearance as snow in the winter months and 
as rain in the summer, if at all. No doubt 
when one of these long winters broke up and 
the winter pole was again turned to the Sun for 
a year, assisted by the great internal heat, there 
would be a great rushing of waters to the south, 
and a great filling of canals and a hissing of 
steam, and we point to Mars as proof of it; al- 
though as we have already shown, Mars, on ac- 
count of its small size, must be considerably in 
advance of ordinarv sized planets in cooling. 

127 Tne Moon is so near the Earth that we 
have asolute knowledge that it has no atmos- 


phere and this fact is given as the reason of 
the particularly defined lines between lights 
and shadows and the absence of twilight on 
oar lesser luminary. 

128 The man in the Moon sees a grand show 
of changing phases of the Earth, the same as 
the Moon changes from dark to crescent and 
full. The Earth makes a bright reflected light 
upon the Moon, fifteen times as bright as the 
moonlight on the Earth. It is earthlight which 
enables us to see the darker part of the Moon 
when it is in crescent. It is therefore never 
dark on the Moon at any point from which the 
Sun or Earth can be seen. 

129 Here is an instance of sunlight reflected 
from the Earth and again reflected back 
from a surface which is known to have no 

130 Some Geologists and Astronomers believe 
the Earth has once changed its poles and cite 
instances of mastodons froze into the ancent ice 
of Alaska and Siberia with their stomaches 
filled with tropical vegetation. This certainly 
indicates something having happened very 
suddenly but if the poles ever changed to re- 
volve on the line of its equator, since ordering 
the life of mastodons, we would find the lines 
of ice drift in two big series of circles with their 
centers opposite each other along the line of the 
equator, whereas they are in circles parallel to 


the present poles with evidence that they have 
never been otherwise. 

131 Through a large telescope the moon has 
more the appearence of having been pelted 
with all sized Meteors and Asteroids than of 
being rent by volacnoes. No doubt the Earth 
would show many such places were it not for 
the elements (which are absent on the moon), 
removing the evidence, besides two thirds of 
the Earth's surface is covered by water which 
gives no sign. The canyon Diablo, N. M., is 
apparantly one of these holes where large 
quantities, of meteor or asteroid matter is said 
to have been taken out. It is possible that the 
last moon which fell to the earth may have left 
some trace which may yet be recognized in some 
great sea or sink but the probabilities are that 
it fell when the Earth had but a thin crust and 
passed into the molten interior leaving no mon- 

132 The Moon is shortening her orbit about 
one minute in 25,000 years, so it is hardly likely 
that science will ever be able to measure an 
actual shortening either of the time in which 
she completes an orbit or in the lessening of the 
diameter of her orbit. 

133 In the shortening of the time of the 
Earth's orbit there should be enough difference 
in a few centuries to be measurable, if we had 
perfectly true instruments to measure time 
and position. 


134 There are so many things to be considered 
in connection with this discovery and so many 
places to check back and forth upon each other 
for proof that there can be but very short lived 
objection to it. When it is admitted, it will not 
take scientists long to clear up many mysteries 
now supposed to be unknowable. 

135 There is no mystery of nature that does 
not dissolve into simple law when placed under 
the lens of the discovery of the procession of 






136 The next planet towards the sun is our 
very nearest neighbor Venus, in the same ratio 
of half way to the Sun from the Earth. It is 
almost the same sizes as the Earth and nOydoubt 
has during the past 400,000,000 years or a part 
of that time, sustained life, perhaps human life. 
We can produce no reason why the material of 
which Venus was made was different from the 
material of which the Earth and all the other 
planets are made. This being the case the condi- 
tions would be the same and probably at the 
same distance from the Sun, nature, using 


the same material and under the same condi- 
tions would evolve much the same kind of life, 
both in plants and animals. 

137 If then there is in our own solar system 
another planet which supports human life it 
must be Venus; but the probabilities are that 
the time has long since passed which would 
support any kind of life. There is now some 
well established doubt about Venus revolving 
upon her axes in the same time as the earth, 
and it is now claimed by many astronomers 
that she rotates but once on her axes during 
her orbit around the Sun, i. e., (hat she is held 
with one face to the Sun continual^. If this 
is proven to be true, then she is already a dead 
world, and we could not hope to find life, either 
upon the side under the eternal blaze of the 
Sun, or upon the side of cold and everlasting 

138 Venus is but a few hundred miles less in 
diameter than the Earth and when the two 
planets are on the same side of the Sun, they 
are only 27,000,000 miles apart, so that we may 
yet be able by the use of greater and better tel- 
escopes, other instruments and photography, to 
become much better acquainted during the 
present century. 

139 Venus receives twice as much light from 
the Sun as we do, and if the atmosphere is very 
dense, it would increase the heat greatly, by 


the friction of waving, in passing through it. 

140 Some astronomers consider its brightness 
due to a metalic luster received from the heat 
of the Sun, and if the planet keeps but one 
face to the Sun, it would certainly become 
greatly heated, which experiment can be made 
on our own great deserts, like Death Valley 
during fourteen hours of sunshine, where the, 
sand becomes so hot that it will blister the 
tough soles of old forty-niners who walked 
across the plains more than fifty years ago and 
have walked thousands of miles every year 
since, prospecting, from one delectable moun- 
tain to another, hunting for the elusive yellow 

141 Another popular fallacy for sensational 
publication, is that the heavenly bodies contain 
great stores of wonderfully valuable unknown 
substances, or are composed of deposits of 
diamonds, other jewels and precious metals. 
The fact, however, 'undoubtedly is that they 
are composed of the same material as the 
Earth, but that at different stages of their ex- 
istence these metals and substances were in 
difierent forms, sometimes as solids, sometimes 
as liquids, sometimes as gases, and sometimes 
as separated elements; but as they pass any 
given point on their way to the Sun, their con- 
ditions are perhaps almost identical. Consid- 
ering such facts as are well known, with good 


judgment, will not permit us to think otherwise. 

142 Sometime, so far in the future that it is 
of little concern to us, except to help us under- 
stand our present surroundings, the Earth will 
have reached the position of Venus, and at that 
time if there is a living creature upon the 
planet, we may confidently trust, that it will be 
the animal man, whose brains will enable him 
to conform to, and provide against the chang- 
ing conditions. For that reason it is a possi- 
bility, that there is human life remaining on 
Venus, but it is an impossibility that it has yet 
commenced upon Mars. 

143 The time of Venus' trip around the Sun 
is two hundred and twenty-five days or one 
hundred and forty-five days shorter than our 
own year. She is 7,700 miles in diameter. 
Having cooled of her inner heat the crust has 
very likely taken all the water, as the crust of 
our own Earth is doir.g so rapidly, and she is 
thus shrinking by condensation, Hearing death. 

144 The dense atmosphere, which may be 
made up of the poisonous gases left by the in- 
habitants after their busy life (speaking collect- 
ively) of 400,000,000 is like a pall, to hide her 
dead past from us, and therefore little is known 
of her surface 

145 One of her mysteries would be solved 
and help to corroborate the solution of the 
working of the solar system, if we could find 
evidence of her last moon, upon her surface. 


According to the proper procession, herein, her 
last moon fell when she was near her present 
position, very likely since she was devoid of 
animal and plant life, and of course when her 
crust was hundreds of miles in thickness. In 
this case we should be able to find some sign of 
it, and especially if it was anything like the 
size of our own Moon, which is 2,163 miles in 
diameter. No doubt so large a solid body 
would break up entirely, but in the absence of 
Avater, so large a mass should be visible in some 

146 It can hardly be possible that it is ice 
and snow (as some astronomers maintain) at 
the poles of Venus, which makes the horns of 
the crescent appear brighter than the body of 
of the planet. In the first place, it is more 
than likely to be too hot for ice and snow, upon 
the light side of the planet, which is so near 
the Sun; there is scarcely likely to be water 
enough left, to be lying idle as ice and snow and 
lastly, although we do not know the inclination, 
of the planet's axis exactly, our common sense 
must assure us, that there could not be ice and 
snow at both poles, at the same time. 

147 The brightness at the horns of the cres- 
cent, are probably, due to an optical illusion, 
which could be explaied by a good optician, 
and cured by using a camera, and looking at 
the photograph, which is as cruelly just as 


nature, having neither conscience, imagination 
or sympathy. 

148 In approaching the Sun, there must be a 
a point, no doubt far beyond Venus, where the 
Sun's heat will bring the water out of the 
cracks and depths of the dead planet, reduce it 
to vapor and repulse or drive it back, by the 
force of heat; because we must know there can 
be no water or moisture in the vicinity of the 
Sun, unless it becomes again a part of the 
rocks. Perhaps in doing this the planet will 
be broken up into fragments by great explo- 
sions (see chapter xvi) and go into the Sun 
gradually as asteroid or meteor chunks. 





149 Next, still in the same decreasing ratio 
of distance from the Sun, half-way from Venus, 
comes Mercury, still smaller and more dense, a 
dead world, worn out and almost ready for the 
last funeral fire, which will finally add it to our 
monster central parent. A dead world like 
our own dead Moon, keeping but one face to 
the Sun while it is being gradually dragged 
within reach of those great waving tongues of 


fire, which reach out hundreds of thousands of 
miles, seeking what they can devour. 

150 Murcury has neither air or water and can 
be of no more use to nature , except to donate its 
remains to the great burning center of life, to be 
rejuvenated by the purifying dissolution and 
expansion of fire, and again be sent out in due 
time and form to the remote regions of space by 
the force of heat. 

151 The Sun is the great furnace or mixing 
pot where the planets, moons, comets, asteroids, 
meteors and all other returning matter is melted 
mixed together and carried away by the force of 
heat, in the exact proportion of matter 
in nature. The spectroscope shows a sunbeam 
to be composed of the same material as every 
other sunbeam and every other world and 
all matter. 

152 Mercury is 36,000,000 miles from the Sun 
but its nearest approach is 28,000,000 miles and 
at such times the Sun's heat is twelve times as 
great as on the Earth and on an average, seven 
times as great. All this blazing sunlight comes 
on but one side of the planet and must convert 
that side into a bake-oven while the opposit 
side is in continual darkness. 

153 A dead moon has a change of day and 
night but a dead planet is held with its attracted 
pole to the Sun itself and therefore can have no 
change of day and night or of winter and sum- 


154 Every planet or other separate particle of 
matter in the universe, be said particle a 
great planet like Jupiter or an atom of micoro- 
scopic dust, has its north and south magnetic 
poles. This motion or guiding force may be a 
part of the living energy of the force of heat or 
it may be an attraction entirely outside of the 
solar system, some great center or community 
of interests towards which all magnetic poles 
pointer parallel. 

155 When a planet nears the Sun or a Moon 
nears its planet, there is a point at which the 
smaller body turns its positive magnetic pole to 
the larger, the same as a needle points to a near- 
by compass. This is what has happened to Mer- 
cury, and the Sun and Mercury are now one 
magneticaly and will comparatively soon be 
one body (see magnetic pole, Chambers' Ency- 

156 If the time ever comes when we can 
examine the solar systems of other Suns, by the 
use of larger telescope or new methods, ( there 
will be a way provided no doubt, by which we 
can see by electricity without regard to 
distance) it will found that they are operating on 
the same Jprinciples and under the same laws, 
and that the dead planets and moons the same 
as our own, are guided by the same kind of 
magnetic poles. 

157 Mercurv travels around the Sun in an 


ellipse and increases its speed when nearing the 
Sun and decreas es it again when receeding on 
the opposite curve, which should prove that a 
planet increases its speed as it nears the Sun. 
There is no mystery about it, but at every 
planet, towards the Sun is down and from the 
Sun is up, so that as Mercury is falling towards 
the Sun by nearing it in its orbit we see that it 
actually does increase its speed by falling tow- 
ards the Sun in thus nearing in its orbit (see chp 

158 Our own Moon is a like example and Ec- 
kels comit posative proof that a heavenly body 
has shortend its orbit three weeks in a period 
less than three years. This is but a light body 
but it is governed by the same laws. If this 
comet shortens its orbit and we have the record, 
then we cannot longer say truthfully, that cen- 
trifugal force is equal to the force of gravity. It 
shows us that a heavenly body is not compelled 
to ocbupy exactly the same orbit forever but that 
tt can shorten its orbit. 

159 In examning Mercury with a telescope 
the sunlight interferes so much that there is lit- 
tle hope of ever being able to make any discov- 
eries upon its surface, until a new method of 
seeing through electricity without wires is in- 



160 According to the regular ratio of the law 
of inverse squares obeyed by the distances of 
the other planets from the Sun (n. 90), there is 
room for and should be another small planet 
about 15,000,000 miles from the Sun. However 
it is a posibility of this theoiy, in fact it is un- 
doubtedly true that this missing planet is another 
case of asteroids, or a planet which has been 
bursted from some cause ( n. 101 ), and left a 
stream of fragments in its orbit. 

161 There are many reasons to believe this to 
be the case, one reason being that there is no 
planet where there should be one and an even 
better reason being, that vast bodies of solid 
material are continually falling into the Sun 
leaving great black holes hundreds of miles in 
diameter, and splashing firey fluids thousands 
of miles in height, 

162 By keeping a record of the sun-spots for 
a number of years, it has been found that the 
spots have certain periods when they are much 
more numerous than at other times. If they 
are made by Arteroids falling into the Sun, 


this would be likely to happen, as they would 
hardly be likely to reach entirely around their 
ordit, 90,000,000 miles and if so, they would be 
more plentifull in some places than in others. In 
bursting as much matter would be thrown into 
shorter as into longer orbits and we can easily 
understand that they would be so greatly shat- 
tered that it would be millions of years before 
they would all be drawn into the Sun. 

163 These little bodies probably travel faster 
than any members of the solar system, with the 
possible exception of a Comet when making its 
short turn around the Sun. Giving them the 
same ratio of increase in speed according to the 
law of inverse squares which the other planets 
obey from Neptune to Mercury these should be 
traveling on an average of about 5,500,000 miles 
per day, but these which have come near enough 
toplunginto it, are moving at the lightning 
speed of 9,000,000 milles per day. 

164 No wonder that when one of them falls 
into the Sun there are great magnetic disturben- 
ces throughout the solar system, at least as far 
as the Earth where records have been kept 
since it became safe to believe the Earth is 
round or to own a telescope. 

165 Magnetic observtories are located in all 
parts of the world, where delicate mag- 
netic instruments are suspended so they will 
be agitated by any magnetic influence. In 
watching sun spots in connection with these 


delicate needles and magnets, it has been found 
that sun-spots cause them to vibrate violently. 
At such times come the splendors of the Aroras 
in the north, but when there are few sun-spots 
the Aroras and magnetic needles are at rest. 

166 There are many notable records in 
recent years of the magnetic influence of sun- 
spots upon these insrtuments, as well as upon 
the atmosphere and electrical condition of the 
weather, which shows that the electric or heat 
force reaches out to every part of the solar sys- 
tem in its controll of the motions of matter. 

167 Sep, 1st, 1859 was a notable day for elec- 
tric storms and magnetic disturbences on all 
parts of the Earth. In Europe and America, 
telegraphic aparatus and lines were demolished 
by over charging from nature. Flame followed 
recording pens and the Auroras of the polar 
zones reached almost to the tropics, 

168 Late in the afternoon an English astrone- 
mer who was making observations of a group of 
sun-spots, saw two brilliant splashes of fire 
which traveled 35,000 miles along the Sun's 
disk in five minutes. 

159 On Aug, 3rd, 1872 an observation was 
made at the Rt>cky Mountain observatory by 
Prof. Young, who observed great splashes of 
fire on the Sun which he supposed to be erup- 
tions and at the same instant when light 
reached the Earth from this fire, the magnetic 
needles in English and other observatories gave 


notice of the disturbance. Prof. Young's nee- 
dle was at the same time swung entirely clear 
of the scale. 

170 An observation taken Mar. 26th, 1859, 
was said to have revealed a small planet cross- 
ing the Sun's disk about 13,000,000 miles from 
the Sun. It was named Vulcan and was sup- 
posed for many years to realy exist, but the 
greatest modern telescopes with the. assistance 
of photography have failed to disclose any 
such planet. This may have been a very large 
Asteroid and may be found again. 

171 In case a planet broke up to form these 
Astroids before it had radiated down to a planet 
of the second class, there would be an immense 
amount of material and it would be by this 
time greatly scattered. 

172 There is known to be one Asteroid, Eros, 
which is sometimes inside of Mars' orbit, so 
easily are these small bodies influenced out of 
their original orbits. Being so small and so 
near the electric light of the Sun, these inner 
Asteroids are very hard to see but no doubt 
there are untold billions and that many of the 
largest will yet be photographed passing over 
the Sun's disk. 

173 What excuse can astronomers offer for a 
sun-spot causing such great eletrical and mag- 
netic energy on the Earth, other than disclosed 
by this simple discovery, the chemical dissolu- 
tion and re-uniting of returning elemetary mat- 


tertotheSun. Its sudden disintegration and 
chemical reunion with the Sun, gives that body 
an over-plus of energy or heat, which is light, 
electricity and magnetic energy, and its equal in 
energy is instantly forwarded through space 
with the velocity of light. It is a simple common 
sense explanation, devoid of foolish mystery 
which should give it the brand of truth (n. 17). 






174 The Sun is the great central engine of 
the solar system and the center of the two 
great forces of heat and gravity. It is a body of 
small density but is 886,500 miles in diameter 
and therefore 1,300,000 times as large as the 
Earth. Its surface revolves at the equator at 
the rate of 4,400 miles per hour, and at 
the center much faster as it is known to be 
covered by a loose envelope of cloudy matter 
which would naturally drag behind the motion 
of the more solid inside matter. 

175 On the plane of its equator and in the 
same direction, travel all the heavenly bodies 
of the solar system (n. 34). 

176 This great body is supposed even by Phys- 


icists who endorse the wave theory of light, 
to be composed of heat in the form ofgas, light 
and electricity, which it is forever throwing 
away into space. Prof. Howe, in "A Study of 
the Sky," pg, 202 says, in speaking of the Sun's 
energy "the supply cannot be infinite; how then 
can the radiation be maintained?". This has 
already been explained in proceeding chapters 
(n. 17), but it may be objected that there would 
not be enough returning matter by such a slow 
process as the returning of a planet once in 
400,000,000 years. The answer of the procession 
of planets is a double answer; first there is no 
doubt thousands of times more material going 
back to the Sun, in the shape of neubulous 
matter, sand, meteors and cosmic dust which 
we do not see, than is brought by the returning 
planets ( n. 28), and second that the 
wasting energy of the Sun is not nearly as 
great as measured by Physicists in our atmos- 
phere (see ''Graduated Atmospheres"), where 
the ray of light in passing through it at the 
rate of 12,000,000 miles per minute, must create 
great additional friction by its forced waving 
motion and consequently adds by this friction 
to the real heat of the Sun (see ch. xiv). 

177 Going to the top of a very high moun- 
tain where the air is more rare than at sea level 
we find the air much colder although nearer 
the Sun. There are even snow capped moun- 


tains under the very equrtor and if we could 
measure the heat outside of the air where the 
rays travel in a straight line, we would find 
it very much' overestimated; somuch perhaps 
that with a dead world occasionally and a con- 
stant supply of other returning matter as above, 
the supply would be ample to keep the Sun in 
its usual flourishing condition. 

178 We can in any event safely trust the force 
of gravity to carfully guard, collect and return, 
every particle of matter, to the smallest frac- 
tional part of an ounce, which the force of 
heat disintegrates and sends out into space. 

179 What is known as the zodiacal light is 
supposed to be a girdle of meteoric dust around 
the Sun. This may be neubulous matter which 
has crystalized in the near vicinity of the Sun 
because we must not suppose that electricity or 
energy must necessarily reach the vicinity of 
Neptune before it commences to cool and] form 
into crystals. On the contrary it no doubt com- 
mences to change back into solid material as 
soon as it leaves the solar fires and much of it 
may never come as far as the Earth. 

180 We can begin to realize the vast amount 
of unseen matter which the Sun is receiving 
when we consider the meteors which fall upon 
our own little planet (n. 28). 

181 From Neptune the Sun appears 900 
times smaller than from the Earth, how much 


smaller it must appear then, from the nearest 
fixed star, Alpha Centuri, which is 25,000,000,- 
000,000 miles away where it would appear 
2,699,700 times smaller. It is quite doubtful if it 
could be seen at all by human eyes at go great 
a distance. 

182 The pole star is twelve and one half times 
as far away as Alpha Centuri and it requires 
fifty years for light to reach the Earth from it, a 
di tance of 312,366,700,000,000,000 miles. 

183 Astronomers estimate that Arcturus is 
1,000,000 times larger than our Sun or 1,300,- 
000,000,000 times larger than the Earth. 

184 It has been estimated that some of the 
Suns in sight are large enough to fill the orbit 
of the Earth around the Sun, or 186,000.000 
miles in diameter. These figures although 
almost incomprehesible, give us a hint of our. 
comparative unimportance when considered as 
a part of nature and near surroundings, 
because these suns are our nearest neigh- 
bors in a sea of untold trillions, appearing 
smaller and smaller as they are farther away 
until their apparant small size and great num- 
bers finally melt them into mists of white fleecy 
clouds. Our own Sun, great as it seems to us, 
would not be missed if wiped out of existence. 

185 What monster planets some of these big 
Suns must have in attendance, upon which we 
would appear as microbes to any life which 


they would evolve. Compared with, them, our 
Earth would not be as large as an adobe marble 
and it weuld take as many Earths to make 
one of them as it would take adobe marbles 
to make the Earth. 

186 We are in ignorance of the Sun's orbit 
because we do not know where it is going or 
what is^the center of its orbit, but we may be 
very sure, that it travels on an orbit and from 
right to left. 

187 If a comet comes from outside of the 
Sun's orbit, it passes around it from left to right 
but if it comes from inside of the Sun's orbit it 
will pass around it from right to left (ch. xiii). 

188 We caanot afford to leave the solar sys- 
tem: in a little book like this or at this time 
but at some future time, perhaps we can put 
our reason upon old Sol's trail. No doubt it is a 
long trip even for a Sun to make and before he 
returns to this point of his orbit, faraway Nep- 
tune may have passed from youth to old age 
and be ready for disintegration, in the present 
orbit of Mercury, with a procession of planets 
following him and obeying the same law of in- 
verse squares as now, both in their distance 
from the Sun and their speed upon their orbits 

189 The Planets are more than half the time 
outside of the Sun's orbit although there is 
probably not much curve in the Sun's orbit 
during any planet's trip around it. 





190 There is an interesting fact in connection 
with the moons or satelites cf the planets 
which certainly points to the truth of the Plan- 
ets being of different ages. Commencing at 
Venus and going outward we find the Moons 
arranged as follows; 


Earth 1 

Mars 2 

Asteroid ? 

Jupiter 5 

Saturn 8 

191 We will discuss the Moons of Uranus 
and Neptune in the next chapter, inasmuch as 
they are so far away that only a few of them 
can be seen and traveling in contrary orbits 
they deserve to be considered as Comets. 

192 The question now is, why do these plan- 
ets loose their satellites as they approach the 
Sun. Why has Saturn eight and Venus none 
with a gradual decrease between? 

193 Saturns' moons travel around it in the 
same direction that the planet revolves and 
almost on the plane of its equator. The outside 
moon of Saturn is farther from the planet than 


the moon of any other planet whoes moons we 
can see. 

194 According to the laws of this procession 
these moons are first caught as comets and are 

thereafter gradually drawn in to their planets 
in the same way and by the same laws which 
draw the planets to the Sun. They also obey 
the same law of inverse squares in their distan- 
ces from their planets which the planets observe 
in their distance from the Sun, the planet act- 
ing as the center of gravity for these bodies. 

195 Of Saturn's eight moons, lapetus is far- 
thest being 2,225,000 miles distant. Jupiter has 
but five and the farthest is but 1,160,000 miles 
from its surface. Here is followed out the same 
ratio of distances in their moons, which exists 
between themselves and the Sun. Did Jupiter 
not have as many moons as Saturn when at the 
same orbit? Certainly it had and they were as 
far away, but three of them are now inside of 
that big melting envelop of carbon, drawn in 
by the force oj gravity and the others are drawn 
one half closer. 

196 If we could only see all the satelites of Nep- 
tune and Uranus we would no doubt find Uran- 
us with ten or more moons and Neptune with a 
bakers dozen. Uranus' mostdisant moon would 
be five million and Neptunes' ten million 
miles away but when we come this side of Jupi- 
ter we find Astroid bursted leaving no moons 
of record. 


197 When we reach Mars we find the num- 
ber of noons in the right ratio but their dis- 
tance from the planet is in proportion to the 
size of that little world (n. 106). 

198 Like the planets, the satellites gain speed 
on their orbits obeying the samo law of inverse 
squares, decreasing the diameter of their orbits 
in the same invers ratio with which they in- 
crease their speed along their orbits. 

200 Skipping the Asteroid and Mars for the 
reasons given, we arrive at the Earth and find 
our outside Moon, our last one, is inexactly the 
right place to carry out the proper ratio i. e. 
239,000 miles from theEarth's surface. 

201 All the moons which are nearest 
their planets are dead moons, and are held 
with their magnetic poles to the planets the 
same as the dead planets point their magnetic 
poles to the Sun in; fact, in all their ways they 
follow the same laws as the planets. Why not? 

202 Some of these moons may be large 
enough to create internal heat enough to melt 
them the same as planets are melted and as 
our own Moon seems to have been One of the 
moons in Saturn's retinue which is very bright 
is no doubt in a molten condition. 

203 The following table shows the ratio which 
the moons follow in their distances from their 
respective planets; 


Distance, Theory, Fact. 

Earth 240,000 239,000 
240,000 x 7-10 Mars 408,000 
408,000 x 10-16 Asteroids 658,000 
658,000x16-26 Jupiter 1,500,000 1,160,000 
1,160,000 x 24-52 Saturn 2,360,000 2,225,000 
2,225,000 x 52400 Uranus 4,000,000 

( In the above table x is unavoidably used 
for the plus sign.) 

204 In one particular these moons are differ- 
ent from planets, they cannot keep up their 
procession, and as each moon is drawn into the 
planet, it has one moon less as we] have seen, 
because all moon material is being used by the 
new planets, whereas when a planet is drawn 
into the Sun, its place is easily filled. 

205 Saturn with eight moons, Jupiter with 
five, Asteroid bursted, Mars with two, Earth 
with one and Venus none; pray what more do 
we require to show that centrifugal force is not 
equal to the force of gravity and that they " do 
move" toward their planets. 





206 This power in nature which is called 


magnetic, is of much more importance than it 
has ever recieved credit for, although it has 
been known to exist for a long time, atle&st as 
long as the compass has been used for naviga- 

207 Make the old familliar experiment of 
sprinkling iron filings on a sheet of white pa- 
per and holding a magnet under it and notice 
the form taken by the filings. Turn the mag- 
net in different ways and watch them dance 
attendance. Look at them with interst, you are 
viewing a minute panorama of the Universe, or 
theentire matter in existance, although we have 
not space to carry out the argument and fur- 
nish the reasons and proof at this time. 

208 Let us not leave the solar system at the 
present, except to remember that the motion of 
all matter is the same and that it is the expand- 
ing force of heat which gives life and motion, 

209 Now let us see how this directing mo- 
tion applies to the contrary moons which we 
find attending the new planets. The moons of 
the new planets always revolve backward in 
their orbit at first for the reason that they ars 
conaets or roving masses of loose material out- 
side of Neptune, which are so far away that the 
Suns force of gravity draws them very slowly tow- 
ards it. As a comet slowly moves along, we will say 
that it goes within reach of Neptune's force of 
gravity. Being so much nearer to Neptune, it 


immediately starts toward that planet gaining 
speed as they approach each other and of course 
attempts to drop into that planet. Neptune is 
moving however, and the comet falls behind it 
the same as^a comet falls behind the Sun (n. 188) 
and is swung around the planet and thus com- 
mences an orbit. This orbit is always in the 
wrong direction around the planet because it 
must come from outside of Neptunes' orbit 
where the unclaimed material is located. 

210 If a comet should slip past Neptune and 
be caught on the return trip it would pass 
behind the planet from right to left. 

211 One position which our new satellite 
holds is correct, its poles are pointing in the 
right direction as every heavenly body does, ex- 
cept those which have approached near enough 
their superiors to be attracted and be held by 
their magnetic poles. 

212 This contrary moon is now moving in 
direct conflict to the motion of all matter, as 
we see in the only one of Neptune's moons 
which is large enough to be seen at so great a 
distance, which is revolving backward. 

213 Let us look at Uranus now and we find 
its Moons revolving at right angles to the plan- 
et's equator, rising in the south and setting in 
the north. During the 400,000,000 years since 
at the orbit of Neptune, the power which we 
saw arranging the iron filings has gradually 


turned their orbit one forth of the way over or 
at Saturn, as we see, half way over or end for 
end, and we find them almost on the plane of 
its equator, while at Jupiter still another 400,- 
000,000 years we find them exactly right. 

214 In order to illustrate how the changing of 
the orbits end for end brings the revolution ex- 
actly opposite, take a wooden hoop and mark 
arrows on it pointing from left to right. Hold 
the hoop level with a globe inside of it; now 
turn the hoop end for end, turning the nearest 
edge downward and the farthest edge upward. 
When it is end for end it will be found that the 
arrows are now pointing from right to left. If 
the hoop is stopped when one forth of the way 
over it would then represent the orbit of these 
moons at the position of Uranus but if the nearest 
edge is turned up instead of down, the Moons 
would, at the position of Uranus rise in the 
north and set in the south. 
215 This is what is happening to the orbits 
of these moons of Neptune, Uranus, Saturn and 
Jupiter as we can readily see by the four posi- 
tions they hold at the four different planets. 

216 A great storm is governed by the same 
forces. It is a whirling of the atmosphere from 
right to left around a storm center. This storm 
center also travels on an orbit from right to left 
and Prof. Willis Moore, chief pf the U. S. 
weather bureau, compares them to the motions 


of the bodies of the planitary system (Collier's 
Weekly, Nov. 1900). 





217 Sunlight, according to Sir Isaac Newton, 
before whoes clear intelect mystery disappeared 
like mist before the genial warmth of day, is 
composed of the minute atoms which were dis- 
integrated to produce it, traveling through 
space at the rate of 192,000 miles per second. 

218 Any solid or mineral substance can be 
changed by the force of heat into liquid, and by 
greater heat, into the invisible vapor of light or 
electricity. Heat, light and electricity are one 
and the same and are but different conditions of 
heat. Either can be readily changed into either 
of the others, 

219 Light and electricity then, is theinvsible 
substance of the Sun traveling at the rate of 
12,000,000 miles per minute in every direction 
through space. At this rate of speed we can see 
that it might reach great distances before the 
heat or life would all leave it. 

220 There is also another theory of light, the 
wave or undulating theory, which gives light 
no substance but simply a vibration, notwith- 


standing all Astronomers and Physacists agree 
that the Sun is gradually loosing its energy by 
radiation. They do not explain how it can vi- 
brate itself away while its vibrations:contain no 
substance. They must evidently, consider this 
the one exception in nature where something is 
lost. They even go so far as to set a time when 
the Sun can furnish no more light. 

221 How they get rid of the substance of the 
Sun is what we want to know and must find out. 
They cannot burn it up and destroy it, because 
there can be no loss in nature. It can only be 
changed in form. Now it is self evident that 
there is a very large hole in this wave theory 
where all this energy is escaping in the color- 
less vapor of electricity. 

222 There can be no doubt that a ray of light 
is compeled to and does vibrate thousands of 
times in every inch of an atmosphere it passes 
through at the great speed with which it travels, 
in atmosphere in which even a fast flying bird 
must dodge sideways in order to relieve the 
pressure before him. 

223 A bolt of lightning cannot go far until 
the air in front of it becomes so compressed 
that it is thrown sharply off to one side for re- 
lief. The flash of lightning moves so much fas- 
ter than the air can get out of its way that it is 
compeled to seek a weaker place in order to 
pa&s. Even giant powder acts so much more 


quickly than air can get out of its way that it 
will break the rock upon which it is exploded. 

224 When an eagle or hawk makes his swoop 
to strike his prey, he comes down in a parabolic 
curve or in other words, he slides upon the 
air in exactly the least curve he can make and 
still prevent the air from packing in front of 
him and checking his motion. 

225 No doubt light or electricity, passing 
through the atmosphere at the rate of 193,000 
miles per second, vibrates 39,000 times in every 
inch it travels, and more or less, according to 
the density of the air. If it had no substance it 
would pass straight through. It could not pack 
the air in front of it and be thrown back and 
forth, in order to pass through. The fact that it 
vibrtaes, proves that it is an invisible substance 
passing through another invisible substance. 

226 Benj. Franklin, who had the brains re- 
quired to discover electricity, considered it a 
fluid substance, capable of being transmitted 
from one place to another and all the experience 
we have had with it bince, confirms his opinion 
It is even stored and held captive to be used as 
needed to do half the work of the world. How 
could this be possible if it were but a waving 
motion? Would it keep on waving in the box in 
which it was stored, if it were nothing, to be 
used when needed to preform its work? Or, 
still more rediculous, would it cease waving 


when imprisoned, and commence again when 
we touch the button. How rediculous to think 
of such a situation. 

227 Electricity is a power of heat which is 
is doing half of the work of the world today, 
and it is composed of matter having substance. 
All space is apparently filled with this fluid, 
which can be readily collected by friction, and 
converted into either energy, heat or light. 

228 A beam of sunlight does not vibrate 
nearly so rapidly where the atmosphere is rare, 
as is shown by the less friction or warmth at 
high altitudes. 

229 An astronomer friend of the author, 
writing in reply to the first or preliminary 
edition of the Processon of Planets, a four-page 
leaflet, objects to the theory in part, and believes 
that sunlight only appears to the sense of sight 
when it enters our atmosphere, in the following 
words and figures, to wit: "If we could look at 
the sun, from outside of our atmosphere, we 
could not see it." In that case, of course there 
would be no use looking at it, but we can look 
at the moon, from where W3 are and see sun- 
light reflected from a surface which is an abso- 
lute vacuum, so far as an atmosphere" is con- 

230 A mauser bullet travels so fast that the 
the friction against the air causes a collection 
of electricity, which is discharged into the first 


object which the bullet touches. If it penetrates 
a human body there is a sufficient discharge or 
explosion to oftentimes mutilate the body, but 
if it merely grazes the skin, there is a discharge 
of electric energy sufficient to cause temporary 
paralysis and unconsciousness. It is unreason- 
able then to contend that there is no substance 
to a fluid which will collect on a flying bullet 
strong enough to knock a man down. You can- 
not knock a man down with nothing. 

231 In some of the great mines where the air 
currents are strong and the workmen wear 
rubber boots and clothing, it becomes necessary 
to connect a wire from the body to the under 
part of a boot, in order to ground the electricity 
which the friction of the air currents collect on 
the workmen's body. Many explosions of giant 
powder are known to have occurred where these 
precautions were not taken. 

282 The theory that there is no substance in 
heat, light or electricity, simply because we can 
not see it, must be abandoned (n. 265,). 

233 Even scientists may have hobbies or 
theories which they dislike to give up, but a 
true scientist will not support a theory which 
he finds to be wrong, even though it be his own 
theory.* It seems rediculous to quibble about 
the wave theory or deny that electricity is light 
and travels with the same velocity as light, 
through the same space or like conductors, and 
that electricity has a substance and more; a 


power which can be collected, imprisoned and 
used to perform motion at any future time de- 

' 234 The school of physicists that first advo- 
cated the wave theory of light, objected to the 
emission theory, because they said, "The par- 
ticles of light, if they exist, must be inconceive- 
ably small; for if of any conceivable weight they 
would infallibly destroy as delicate an organ as 
the eye. A bit of ordinary matter, one grain in 
weight, and moving at the rate of the velocity 
of light would possess the momentum of a can- 
non ball 150 pounds weight, moving at the 
velocity of 1000 feet per second." (Light and 
Electricity, Tyndall. Note 206.) 

235 This they considered as conclusive proof 
that the emission theory was wrong, so they set 
up the wave theory, and in explaining the dif- 
ferent speeds at which certain colored rays un- 
dulate, or^ wave, say; "The velocity of light 
being 192,000 miles per second, if we multiply 
this number by 39,000, we obtain the number 
of waves of red light in 192,000 miles. The 
product is 474,439,680,000,000. All these' waves 
enter the eye in a single second. In the same 
interval 699,000,000,000,000 waves of violet light 
enter the eye. At this prodigious rate is the 
retina hit by the waves of light." 

236 The q-uestion is, which of these two 
theories of light would hit the human eye the 


hardest and tear it to pieces the sooner? Suppose 
Ave are looking at a rainbow and see all the colors 
at once, we must then sum up how many times 
each vibrates, and add them all together, to get 
anywhere near the truth as to the hitting power 
of this wave theory, which obtains its force from 
a simple little motion at the sun. 

237 Let us examine this wave theory a little 
farther and see just how fast it can go. In note 
219, same work, Prof. Tyndall, speaking in favor 
of the theory, says: "In the case of light, the 
ether particles oscillate to and fro across the 
direction in which the light is propagated. In 
scientific language, the vibrations of sound are 
longitudinal, while the vibrations of light are 
transversal. In fact, the mechanical properties 
of ether are rather those of a solid than of air." 

238 Then this ray of light, traveling by the 
wave theory, must stop, turn almost straight 
back and start again 78,000 times every inch. 
The distance it travels, back and forth, is enor- 
mous; but a whole lot depends on the width of 
its path, as in the case of a drunken man. If 
its path were one inch wide, we can readily see 
that it would have to travel 57,000 (violet) times 
across, and the same number of times back, 
every inch it advanced, which in 194,000 miles 
advance would amount to the sum of 362,154,- 
246,400,000,000,000,000,000 miles per second, 
besides its regular speed of 194,*000 miles per 


239 Now, the fact is, they give it too much to 
do, unless they had given it some living sub- 
stance to force all these vibrations. The wave 
theory would make these vibrations simply 
echoes, and they would die away in three or four 
vibrations, if they did not have substance and 
were being pushed out from the sun by heat. 

240 The reason a sound wave is longitudinal 
is because it has no substance and receives all 
its force by the vibration of a substance at the 
point where the sound is created. It must then 
move the atmosphere in waves in every direction 
from the point. When the force used in creat- 
ing the waves of sound is expended in moving 
the air, the sound ceases. Light being a real 
substance and forcing its way through other 
substances, shows its nature by vibrating trans- 
versely. When Prof. Tyndall discovered, as in 
above quotation, that the particles of ether 
showed mechanical properties of a solid, he 
should have referred to his own unusually clear 
brains and reasoning power, when he would 
easily have discovered that it was the substance 
of light, heat and electricity which showed these 
properties, and not particles of ether. 

241 Light does travel at the rate of about 
194,000 miles per second, as its speed was 
measured at the other end of the line, from 
Jupiter coming this way; but it does not travel 


at that rate through atmosphere where it must 
vibrate 40,000 times in every inch. If there was 
atmosphere all the way frhm the sun to the 
earth, light would arrive rather late in the 
spring. All the proof of reflection offered by 
Dr. Young are superfluous, because we know 
that light does vibrate in the air and would 
obey the same laws in this respect. 



242 There is a strange sequence or ratio be- 
tween the speed with which the planets travel 
and their distance from the Sun. In this ratio 
(n. 90,) we have the absolute proof with the fig- 
ures to show that the planets are always on 
their way to the Sun There can no longer be 
any doubt of a matter, or problem, if it can be 
reduced to figures, and the figures correspond 
with the facts which our brains permit \is to 

243 Commencing at Mercury we approxi- 
mately double the distance to reach the next 
planet and so on out to far away Neptune, 
each one twice as far away as the last. 

243 Why should the planets be arranged in 


this perfect ratio through space if there is not a 
good reason for it? Of course it does not hap- 
pen by chance, because there is no changing 
mind to interfere with the law of their arrang- 

244 Commencing at Neptupe and coming in 
towards the Sun, we find the same ratio in the 
increase of their speed along their orbits that 
we have in their distance and little Murcury is 
traveling nearly ten times as fast as slowfobted 
Neptune while Neptune is almost ten times as 
far away as Mercury. Let us compare the speed 
and distance of the planets, that. we. may be pre- 
pared to make a law, or rather, to understand 
the simple law which they have always followed 
and must follow forever. 

245 The following table shows the distance of 
each planet from the Sun and its speed along 
its obit. 

Planet Miles per Day Distance to Sun 

Mercury 2,454,500 ' 36,000,000 

Venus 1,860,000 67,000,000 

Earth 1,260,000 93,000,000 

Mars 1,100,000 141,000,000 

Asteroids 811,000 240,000,000 

Jupiter 660,000 483,000,000 

Saturn 490,000 885,000,000 

Uranus 350,000 1,780,000,000 

Neptune 274,000 2,800,000,000 

246 With the above table, for a basis, does not 


the greater speed of the nearer planets to the 
Sun prove that they have been farther away 
at some time in the past? Take Mercury for an 
example which moves at the rate of 107,000 
miles per hour. This must prove one of two 
things, either it was not thrown out from the 
Sun as a mass by centrifugal force, in which 
case it would only move at the rate of the Suns' 
equator, or else it was once much farther away 
and has gained its great speed by nearing the 

247 At the rate of speed with which Neptune 
travels, with very little centrifugal force against 
it, it drops toward xhe Sun 1,500,000,000 miles 
in 400,000,000 years while Mercury, moving at 
such enormous speed only nears the Sun 16,- 
000,000 miles during the same time, because 
the checking power of centrifugal force is so 
much greater. To be sure, the force of gravity 
is also much greater at Mercury than at Nep- 
tune" but centrifugal force is not equal to the 
force of gravity, as supposed by Newton. 

248 While Neptune is coming in towards the 
Sun 1,500,000,000 miles, Uranus only comes in 
half as far, but its speed is doubled thus adding 
centrifugal force and checking its approach to 
the Sun that much. So we find them shortening 
their orbits and increasing their speed as they 
aproach the Sun. 

249 As a planet moves around the Sun in an 


ellipse, it travels faster when on that part of its 
orbit where it is aproaching the Sun and more 
slowly where receding. The same is true in 
the case of our own Moon and the explanation 
is very simple. When nearest the Earth it has 
been dropping towards the Earth in its orbit 
and thus increased its speed. 

250 Cornets are an excellent example of this 
law. As they drop towards the Sun in nearer a 
straight line than any other body, they gain 
speed very rapidly and also lose their speed 
very rapidly when thrown up again by their 
enormous speed. A comet never reaches the same 
height from which it started however, because 
of the immense attraction of the Sun which threw 
it around that body on such a short curve. 

251 In the case of Eckles' Comet this short- 
age of its orbit, measured in time, was three 
weeks in an orbit of three years. 

252 Comets are governed by the same laws 
as planets, but upon an exaggerated scale, which 
offe-rs us the opurtunity to measure the exact 
difference between the force of gravity and cen- 
trifugal force. 

253 If a planet is 1,000,000 miles nearer the 
Sun than formerly, it has fallen that far tow- 
ard the Sun, even though it took ages of cir- 
cling in a great decreasing orbit and has gained 
speed according to the law of falling bodies, mi- 
nus the check it received from centrifugal force. 


254 Considerng all the facts which we now 
have before us, we find the law which governs 
their speed and distance from the Sun, is per- 
fectly plain, so plain that if one is missing we 
can find its scattered remains with a camera. 

255 The planets increase their speed along 
their orbits in the same inverse ratio with which 
they decrease the diameter of their orbits. 

256 Commencing at Mercury with our ratio 
of distance, we could go on doubling the dis- 
tance from the Sun twelve more times, out from 
Neptune and yet be within the glass globe 
pictured in the first chapter. 

257 We know the weight of both Neptune 
and the Sun, therefore the value of the attrac- 
tion of gravity between them. By finding the 
relative value between centrifugal force and 
gravity, by the use of Comets, we can soon be 
able to establish the age of the planets and 

258 It is no child's play to unravel all this 
tangled skein of circling, seething, bursting 
worlds, with their flying comets, moons, rings 
and things, and especialy when we must find 
out forces, laws and facts never before known 
to exist, therefore we will not enter the sub- 
ject further at this time. 



259 In speaking to a kind friend a short time 
ago, I mentioned the fact that I would com- 
plete my "Processin of Planets" the next day, 
when he asked suavely, 'how I knew when to 
quit'. His question was very rellavent however, 
and I have not quit because there is nothing 
more to say. 

260 What has been said is only a pointing 
out of how to explain the mysteries of the 
universe. Where will be the end of the mys- 
tery it will sweep away and the knotty prob- 
lems it will make plain, when men of brains 
recover from the first shock of the realization 
of the importance of these new discoveries. 

261 When a ray of light is divided by the 
spectrum into its different colors, it is simply 
separated into some of its elements. These col- 
ored rays vibrate at different rates of speed ac- 
according to the solidity of the metal forming 
those particular rays. The only reason to be 
found to account for the difference of vibration 
in the separated portions of a ray of light is 
that being forced through the atmosphere at so 
great a speed, the more solid portions meet 
with more resistance than those less solid or 
more elastic. 

262 Different colors can be made only by 
using different minerals and it must be irapos- 


sible to color the ray of light in any other way. 
The fact that a ray of light can be separated 
into colors is proof that it is composed of dis- 
integrated substance. 

263 If light was only a motion commencing 
at the sun, it certainly could not be divided into 
colors, which require mineral for a foundation. 

264 Prof. Tyndall proved that the rays from 
the Sun, a coal fire, a candle and electric rays, 
obey the same laws ("Heat as a mode of mo- 
tion, pp. 280). We know that when 100 Ibs. of 
coal are burned in a stove, leaving 10 Ibs. of 
ash, that 90 Ibs. are to be accounted for. As we 
know there can be no loss of material in nature 
and that coal is material, therefore it is plain to 
our brains that the coal has been dissolved by 
heat and pushed away from the heat center 
which its disintegration created. 

265 When a solid body is dissolved into this 
heat vapor the difference in volume of the new 
form it has now taken, is enormous. From the 
Sun this is so greatt hat it fills the whole 
solar system like an atmosphere and no doubt 
more dense nearest the Sun, getting more rare 
as we go out into space, the same as the air 
around the Earth. 

266 Gravity therefore, is nothing more mys- 
terious than the contracting of this heat fluid, 
or electricity. So we can go on explaining the 
working of nature according to the simplicity of 


the procession of planets, but first let us see 
what objection Scientists and Physicists see fit 
to make to what has been said in the forgoing 

267 I have made a number of discoveries by 
following these new ideas which I do not wish 
to explain but simply to mention. 

268 The human body can be renewed and 
life continued. 

269 We can see, through electricity, without 
regard to distance or the use of wires. 

270 Motion can be taken direct from nature. 

271 The formation of gold nuggets and their 
places of deposit, is a simple law of this proces- 

272 Thought is electric fluid which can be 
transmitted from one brain to another without 
regard to sight, sound, distance or wires. 


An Edition of the Procession of Planets will 
be issued as soon as possible, which will be 
printed on first class paper and bound in cloth. 
It will also be profusely illustrated with the 
best photgraphs of the heavenly bodies which 
science can produce and with figures, cuts and 
diagrams, to illustrate the arguments made. The 
new volume will contain a large amount of new 
matter of great value and be much better ar- 
ranged for refference. The price will be $2.50. 
Names may be sent at any time and book for- 
warded as soon as published. Such encouragment 
would also be the means of issuing the book so 
much the sooner and also of making it better. 
A special edition of 500 copies will be issued 
which will be illuminated by hand in water col- 
ors, gold and silver, on extra fine paper and 
bound in carved soleleather. These books will 
be numbered from 1 to 500 inclusive, and will 
be signed by the author, the illuminator, the 
publisher and the carver. Price $25.00. 

Each book will be numbered according to the 
>rder in which the subscriptions are received, 

No. 331, W. 4th St., Los Angeles, Cal.