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Full text of "A program for employed boys' clubs and its use : graduating thesis of Harold Lew Webb in candidacy for the degree of Bachelor of Association Science"

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ft Mm Ks Ciin 







?cr. sirijos^D boys* cyjas aid 


In C£!Jidldaflt7 for t-is !)esTOo of Bacliolor of 
/oeociation 3cI@no6 

Thirty-third "linQal Corsaoi^ocuaat of 
Chicago :..dku Coasra 

1923 ^ 


The program here presented represents the adaptation of a 
program drawn up tj Mr. I^orman 3. 'j;'han9on, ijeneral Activities 
Secretary of the Central Depsrtrnent , Y.'J.C.A. of Chicrgo, for the 
use and olrection of the Central ^ployed 3oya Brotherhood. 

For s. period of sevon months, tho v/ritor w-g directly 
responsible for the club activities of an extention 3roViorhood 
organized by the Sears "Roebuck Departraent Association anong the 
boys eni'loyed b 3ear8 :\oebuc3c .aud Gcrapany giant. Gcmbintag thtB 
experience with the observation of work done by other '.saociations 
of Chicago and elsev;here and after an invostigition into sev-ral 
plants eiiiployin.'^ toyo in the 'dstrlct served by the Sears Hoebuck 
Department, the adapted projrrai wss drac/n up and put into operation 
in ^epteraber 1922. 

The observation submitted herfjwit-. as to the using tho 
prcgTani are dras-m frora actual experience in aplyinc it dli-octly 
to three "osts, and the supervision of its estension to tv;o 
additional plants, ""his exparimental v;ork was c-arried on frca 
Septonber 192" tc '-pril 1923 and included, In ad-ition to tlie 
regular v/eekly progrsms t'-e promotion of such si eclal act ties 
as the labor T)ay ^Veek "'nd Cawp and better Y. Conferance, the Tall 
Oity Wide 'h'aok lleet, the "ci'ld Cutlook Gamp-riign, several s^ocial 
Social ovents and finally a ?ind Yourself Canpaign aiid Dinner with 
"r. C. 0. Robinson as the principle s-e;iker. 

E^e writer is particularly indj'bted for assist ruico in 
carrying out this work and in t:;e preparation of this thesis to 
the following men: nr. ITonnan 3. Thanson aiid :.r. "■. II. Pis";er 
of Central ""epartraent, 'Jr. G. P. lichftiiield, I'.r. J. 3. Andresen 

and I'-T, L. ?.. Bigalcrv of tlis 3er..r3 aoebuok Doparteiont and -''r. 
W. Ti, 3ooBnaii of tho :.3'-^'J3iation Colioi^e* Llie groups of loys 
■with whoa tho program «as proaotel siiould also "be mentioned. 

The 3raployed Boy; Ills Position, Mis Keods and 
ris Possibilities. 

CHA"^-:? I. 
The TSaployed Boy. 
'♦The AT)r)e5'' of tha Boy "Sho Torks'' 

Under tlie above caption, 'J.r, 0. C. '^obinBon, the ::i5ploy0d 
Boys' Secretary of tho Tntonutional Gcnrlttoo cf tho "ouac ::on'0 
Christian .\8soolatlon, glv^s us the follocvin^, vhlch in an e oor>- 
ticn-illi" fine way provides us v;ith a "ralein ds otre" for our int- 
erest in tho boy who v orks. 

"If todrij I hnd a thousan.; ollare to eive to ocr'.e object 
whloh, ! believecl, woul'J Iraprove tho life of onr ar^tlon, or, on tho 
other hsni. If T h:^-d tr. ovoain:; e- ch v,©o> to slva t: hoSpinG dcvolcp 
good citlBons and Chrietlsn non, I woul'^ devote that noney or tl:-,o 
without question, tc the boy wbo worXs, Thorfi vt'-> approxL'natoly fivo 
nilllon of thora In the "alted 3t;itoa and tho^' ..r . jrc^/ins up to bo 
hnsb^aids, fnthars, citizans, rorlcnen — raon of ro8:iori8ibllit„' 'n the 
ttatlon, 'And they j?.ro tryinjr to do it ^iXt'i less th^-ai hrilf the ediic.'s- 
tion necesssry tc fit t'ser:; for V .qso res/.-isV llitlos. 

Hero ar- two bcye,— one in high sohcol, tho oth^-r 3*. v."crlc« 
Tor the Corner tho clt^- rrcvldes a building, costing :-<?rhsps half 
nnilli.n dcllr^rs, with ''llcr rlos» I'.boratcrlos, wor'.zsho-js, and all 
the psraphernalin cf aodorn eiSiicr.tion, /'or t!;ls h'i>" sohool bey, 
the clt:- rrcvldeo nearly two sccro of tonchore, for tho ncet ; ■ rt 
collogo tr: inod, whc projoot u:--.;.i \v.n thAr pGTson.aliti^ p.nd br'ns 
hi'!! in oonti;C* with the '^nc^vlodcc of tho dg-s* ^ would net snbtrct 
flro-n his ajv-jntages one Ictp., ho nooda t'.'sr: Till, but ' re o^t, if 
I hod money, ti:-ie or jersaaliti^ to C'^o. ' ^ould £:ivo it tc a 
group of these boys, who for one reason or anothijr, hav : frO.len out 

of the great gyst^xa which th« eountr:? h:.o sot ur for t!io trrlnlnc of 
its cltisens. '"hother the c luso vero pcve^t:' or lr?,tf< of latirest at 
hoae cr rhst riot, * would tr^' to nake u;» tc a few of thes^ ">oi's tflj&t 
thay have lost, l:\ lioolisz. In knc??locl29, in hope and oonfidonca 
for the f^itjire. * eJiculd realize as I met tliat grou of l'0„-e n'cht 
cfter nigl'it, tliat her 'jefore no vjor • f»it..rc loiiiers cf labor unions, 
editors, laa^j'arB, taanuf . cturors oad basinoso aon, for raod -m selonco 
tolls n- thnt In n thoasrjn'J Tror'rinc " ojs ! shall find Just ^iS ra.-my 
3en of hig'.i t:;lG:!t as in :i th-uormj. boys ^^hose parents plan 9%rly for 
tt«K3 to -attend 'TearTsra or t'v: "a'.Torplt;' :f Ghlcass. 3,' holpln.^ tliese 
hoys* llvos tc " losooia ani eaue to fmlt^j^e, T shall "bo -iciniT something 
for the n:.^tl.n, relaaslnc reso'.rcos wh'oh oth-.>rw*,8'3 r.ill llkel:,' '^^t 
be dlscoyjrod. 

But whether Ir. s: endlnj- ra^ thcusaa'^1 or in s^jondins; a n!£^t 
a veok, T help discover cno brilliant nia^ or nani' in n^' groa , ! 
will be doing sonethlng v;Mch is at onco sclentlflo &\n deeply- roil- 
gio">8, fcr in this crisis o"" th'i world's history, \m neO'l *-o flevolo:: 
all the resov^rcos of isauki i^l , not raerol^' a fo'^'T, ^mil ~ shall bo eonse'cus 
all the time that T sra worltin£; hand in hnaid \?lth God, f;hc, throtigfi • 
His sijpri^o onrthl;^ r^rirosont tlvo, «J08ug, showed -'l solf to be 
trQn;<^'ndc-isl„' intor^isted in the caiaon poo,;lG." 

^iis aproal is furthor £stroiiet:ia!iod by t'lo follov,'lnc st te- 
sent rasda by j. "rltor ■^!s-:e: "^e often hear o" t'-ie 'tliroe por'ods 
of adolescence', - enrly, -fiddle, an-' .s a 'lattor of f ct, l^^te 
adolescence is a prtv"l9;"'o ro servo 3 f.r the fcvc-od foiw, "Tier.: a 
boy's pcT'^rt or his pr^natu-e ▼oc-:.tlcnal cnb^ti-n lenas hl« to 
asstiEe 3 ~:3i'8 ros: .nary'lit.;- K tho &2'i of fourtO'jn or sLctgo::, lio 
scon CO BiB to be a youth, 'lo "^ecoaos a n-^n In his lnt-:rost3, his 

feeling, and In 'bearing the b -rdons of life. Chore aro cort In 
great vsluos In ]::*rolORnod ^.ath, but the;; nrc solficra for V\q 'vorkitie 
bey, for ho efriort-olrcuits fron chndhco*^ to iiaiihoo-l, or fron r.!<i.lle 
adolesconce to ra-turlt;,', Md Icaos t" ose valn>^s forovor, iial0v«i3 
brcV'.erl.- "\en sotnehcw help hirs to ^■^roloiic his S'''olo5C®'iC'> ■ hlle '-^o 

Te Ttract aavo tho i^or'tci^ij ^oj fron n3".2:or faabltlona, die- 
llln«lc:;od hopes, dQthr:no'c heroes, orA Icri Ideals of annllnssf'. ' e 
rauat keep hin & vide-Q^'oi, h'.r. j^-hojyt'jd oitHieiastlc j'-uth, till 
Time 8?\7S he has a rl.;:^t to be a naii. ~his la t'.o frnid'anaxittl phil- 
o«op?A^ of o'-r ^.or'T vrTf ; onrloi'e-s vO^s", 

rociet;' and the "^:as;e-''^.sminz 5oy. 

Ct» of the raore recent develc^ontc of the sttict' cf* sociology 
has been av/:?^ frora a bro^-:] and e'^tenslvo approach to the problcns of 
society anJ towara an intens've atnd^', w'iic"; has been inarkea by o-:i>e- 
cial attenttc 1 to partlculnr grou-s and t^^pes, v?-rt0 . constitute thrt 
society, rnch & stuoy soon brin^js to our attention the hoy In Indus- 
try, robably tJie f'rst thine ^?o notice Dbo?3t h':3 Sr', while he 
hTmoelf is In inost cases ;:^or''ectly nom-l, he finds hlms If in mi 
abnoranl situation, which t-'.restens to ret .rd z\d ^-.r^' his develoi)- 
nent and often pre/erits a r'^-il! action o^" his I'srjoat -osslbl'Hloo. 

'. st'idy cf these boys rov'^ale a cons!d?rr-bly v riety o" 
r-j38onB for tho'r iv'thdrw;! fron school to enter t'vi rnnk:> o" waj^o- 
emoro. But In genoral, t ;eso nay bo edn^ned up In tho <'ollo^Inc 
"Ive reasons: 

First- Flnrtnclal prjS~Mre in tho hono. ""t is ono of tho 

ftudsaontrJ f milts in the orgnalsitlon of our oc,.n(3irilo llfvo th .t in 
the tre::en<i':ua o-.: •iislon la .roductica an>i tie raaultlng Inoroasc in 
total ^oalth, that we are today f rtTs-r tliau over frofi a scluti.n of 
tho problem of distribution of th-t woalt"., rylth fho rosvilt t-Tsat "tv7o 
per-OQ'it of t"-.o nac.lo i:i tl.o ':n?tod ?t :tos set 60* o? the total iiv- 
ccmo, th!rti'-thr^o par seat *et .35;' o^ t'ie Incorae and tlie rrjn-inlng 
65,t i^t nut 5,"' of the incone", *1. reductions fsrca f.e Incosne Tax 
Eeturne for 1918 further ladlCito th.-it of tho arpyoxir.iateV 30,000,000 
fsrailies In the ';aited St-taa, 76^ or 720,000 fa^'lloa havj an inccne 
cf less than v2000 a ^-ear which is soaerill^ oo-islderod to bo a 
mininura v/ago essenti:;! to :3aot t'.o aor : neceBsitl-js of tho aver^^ee 
fsn'ly, Certalnl;? In all s-iCh fa-tillioa, whoro there -ztq c'liliircn 
and rrrt!<yilarl:- older t'C^'s sMo to wor":, ?.ni doubtless in n-^iff more, 
the f£:2n^- 'nccrao is incroasej ' :' co'!tr'-b::tio-i frc-ia s'lch scxxroio, 
;. stud^' of t Is sltuatio niide in 1303 shovrod that 9.4;^ of InocsaG of 
f •allies throuthbut tho country was contrib^ited :;• the ch'ldron. 
Tills peroonts^o has doubtless " jon largoljr Incrsace sinco th ,t tine. 
The roBults of a stad^ ntde bj Mr. C. C. P^obinsoa o"" typlc-l groups 
of wcrlcln^ bc^'s In ton diff oront '2t tos and Provincos sho^?Oil that of 
the tot;-l nunber of bc;'8 considered, "'eishty-t^'o p^r cent stated 
that thej ^rayo In to tho f^ially purse two-t'.'rde or noro of fio'r 
races". "2. In view o** thoco faots, th»ro can be no i tjbt but that 
this flri-t c^use is tha cutstundin';: one *n this eonvlction. 

♦1. Elng: "?he Tealth and Incotne o" the '"eople of tho U. D." 
*2. ?.obins..i: ''Tho tare ^sminj: 3oy." 

Ab a second e:iuso for tlto prossnce cf hoi's in in'nstr;''* v;e 
fln.l ths.t t'-.o;' royort dlfflcilties \^1V; Vio'r school ??crlc. traoo-blo 
to two c;uscs: (l! Clashea with t'le teaC-er ni\<l {"] Conrsofl fi'^t do 
not seen tc fit t^'.elr imo-Slato nes'ls. "'ntil ocsa^ ;.r -tlvel;' roceeitly, 
the thocry of odv.catlon, whlc > o.oaldars the gP£m-jr a:id Mc^-t school 
T»ork as purely r-aid si's:?!^ a prop r:?t Ion for f!-.rt';or ©due tlon, h:iB 
{jlYon 80 little coo.eldoration t;. 'TocrAticftsl tralnlrifj aivl tho dovol- 
opaont of enraln: oapsclt;', that aai^^ boys have dro, , ou out. ""aae 
thru* inability to oarr;T the \vor> have fallen behind 'n grades aiid 
as the;' fall tc bo prcraotod, retlier than as-oointo v-'ith youngor bci'S, 
thoir' loavo eehool. These, '-ho sro not attriotoo to litoroi^ scid 
clGssical Btudles cxi.d whc hfX7-3 no Idea of gc^ne to oollese, seek 
Tooetioanl training and at tae ssrao tlas acjuire acne e.'um.ns power 
In various foris of opr-Tonticesbi; t?oife. Han^^ of t)io Jobs s^^iatred 
by «ioh boys ; r vo Of littlo trelnlrtg vfiluo and oft(ai of considojr- 
able detrirao.t, 'iTid It Is oul„' i- e^^eoptioaal c- ses w-von t!ie '■i\t\- 
'nste earning: porv;>r o'' a bey secar'ng such a "st' rf ie not deoreased 
rsthor than uicr.naod, ?he pr^JS'-^nt e"?ort b-f-ns nade 'oj our public 
oohocls to rr.ect the ne^ds a;-;d then hold tv.o intorosts o" boj-a of 
this sort Is altojcthor ;id-2irnble a.d should be nocumiy^AU 

A third reason is tho deslro en the p^rt of the boj to 
er.m r::cnGy and attain "hat he tMu'Ks to be Indor^dence, br.t as 
a result of the recent stimulation of Intorost in eduostlon and the 
olalriS r:ado bj ocrrespondenoe schools, «n3 ot ore as to tJ^e "cash 
Tslue of on educr^tion, it is beoczjin, racro ajid more eris^f to convince 
a boj' of the f si loo, of this roason. 

A fourth rei^soii is to he foan.d in the encour.'iger3o:-.t as-d 
ever ursine on the part cf the p-jents, the boy leav.> scViool m'A 


go to work. In eoneral, f/here there is financial pressure, vvhlch 
forces sucr- action, there ae^ns to be a gro-^^tar reluctMico on the yart 
of th© parents to take t'ooir boys ont of scliool than thore la ca the 
part of t'iose who fall to sp, roc late trio value to tlw "boj cf o.nfn- 
ue<J education anG then fail to slvo hlra sufficient enccurag'-nont to 
lceei> iii'3 ^* ^'s stnfiles. 

i fifth reason here is the solicitation of ho^s on t!:e part 
of onplo^ers. ?ho cctonorcl^l, in(3n9trl«il, aid ajrlculturrd life 
of Horth linerioa todaj is sc constltuto-i t'iat Innuraercble ry&tt^' tasks 
are cp«n for choai^ labor and into thes<;, boys, iGavinf; school, find 
tlieir wa^y, n encmous i :petr.s tiaa glv^i to the eoplo^ent of e-ich 
labor dtiring the w r, but since thst tl le, fluotuatl.n business 
Ooofiitlons and tlie leijal rs-i Jr^aaerts of oo>it*nvati on school w,ork for 
bo^'B nador sixteen has toiid;<j to dooro* so sone^-'hat to mvnb'jr of 
bo^B in Industry, s.'.d psrticulvrlj tiiose undor 14 ye'.r.'n of -ico. 

The crcwps of boj-labor soeti to be fairly well-doflnod 
and are listed b^ I!r. Robinson (♦IJ as follows: 

1. The bett T co«:tn>rcial positicn In of^'lce, b:,nk rjiid store. 

2. .'ipi-.renticcs in t'ie skilled tr&den. 
r, Coa^orcial — inside. 

Lower grade of store "os^ticns s'.'.ch as cash, 
itfilppiag, basenent 3:'.d olev tor ^obs. 

4. Connerclal — outside, 

rieesonsors aiiil dellvor^/ bo- a en raitcraobile a: id 
wagon, on foot avi on bicycle. 

5. 3oya enfp^i! for f 11 tine in etroot trsdea. 
C. strictly i :J strirl rositic-ic. 

'Jnsirilled labor In factory, mine and quarr-.', and 

In en^ineerln'7 Oi'TJit'oas* 

(*1) Opus cited. 

7. orscnal Borrico, in hctels, ariartnent hiiscs, riv to 
h<nGS, Tsarbor slic; • and bootblacl^ strjiJs. 

3. .'grl cultural pursuits. 

9. 7ranBr)ortation. 

It Is obYic-s to 'Ti^one f;^ll-'nr with SR^ or all o* t'ieso 
Tar5od octjupatl'.ns that thor'5 ts sc ircely an^' oiio of thofJt w'lic:- do 
not, by t^ieir vory nsturQ avJ t'lrou^", tho associations. Into wl.ich 
tho;-' thn-st the T/cr'^ar, proseat 'landers ;;f ono sort or anct'ier aiid 
wh^<^ are on2-»a30eI on aoccimt of t'le Insii; orioace s-id L-rr^ntiir'ty of 
tho boy t7h: ent-jrs u en one of tbas. ^heso <l;a:tCGrs rn^v '^•^ clat58od 
undor throe -heads: (1) thoso of a ^aoutaliy doadenlny nature; [2] 
thoso T!-,lch rosv'lt fro:2 tie placing of a bc^' In a whlrlpo :1 of un- 
ooenrrehondoJ actlv'ty; (.'^] thoso wh'eV; "iiclufie moral pltfrdls. 

There is p^rhsps ncthli^g moro diaoortraslng than to ace 
a boy ffiigijgod in an 0CGup&tlr:i ro: Irlng; aeroly o s© 1 nivo- 
rnent wh'C'i when oneo le'.mod ro /aires no r •irtlciil'.r thouc'tit and In 
ftillnc tc 2lve the slir/.test Joy In t'.e effort rosults not or^Iy in 
a Isck cf stiraulatlcn to grostor o^ficlonc;^^ c-ut actually resJilts in 
a gradual sti fling of Inoeatlvo towrl ••siy scrt o" S--"lf-lnprov€r.ont, 
Yet, marii^ o' the"n53^!ae"Joba at which boys v,^o^k in factories today 
are of Just such a -:;entally de^idon'nc nature. 

'7h» occnorcial occupations give a "-^oy o gro tor opP'-rtunlty 
for self expression but In :^3iy inBt;^cos, ^c fin*i a b.y r,orMns ?.t 
scrae det 11 tssk in a l?*.rc:o ccRraoroinl ore niantlon v.ithout t"io 
slls^itcst tmderst-.ndlnc of tho rrocossos an.' cbjoctlvos of tlio or- 
Csnlgatlcn of which he is a pjirt. Ho so'^tnE Cc^. lotoly dasod by t}ie 
nochlnory ond niyriftd activities whlo'; .-lo on about hin a-.d ron-ilns 
conplGtoly s'-boreod beioith thom. 


Finally In both the eaaraorci-il mid *tn;u8trl-il world 1' is 
almost imrosslhle for a be:' *<^ eaoape IrKoral -jjh! IrroliGlcue in- 
flr.cncoa. 'le Is oortain to hoar aorQ or less lowd ai\d :.rof:Jio t Ik, 
His cbs.:rvntlons of the rerscnnl habits of t'.o n-aii aboiit hi'-: Is 
ll>ely to rosi-lt In s sp: orfIc!al and c'^aa an Innornl view of life. 
In Ron^ CG80B bo;'B are fcrcocT tc wcr'.t beside or ovon d' recti./ and r 
■"ten, ^•■--0 80623 tc t ke p-^tlcul'-r dli^ht in tcriS'-.Tiii:; the:-; tho Tilest 
aetfl and in poisoning" their -^.inds tos?op<i the church ar.v! tho Chrietian 
ISfo. {*!] 

The 3oodc of tho ' crying 3o^. 

1!he irecodliis eonsidor'^tlorui raa^' be made to sottq as a 
bseis for an a^i^ireoicitioa and an anyl^^sla of the needs of fio boy, 
vho works. '. general consider --tion o" thoir nooda !-b sivou by .'r. 
Hob'nson in outline foro. '•!) 

I Education 

A. General - as a bssia. 

B. Voeati'nal - for v^jrlc. 

C. Cultural - for lo'siiiro. 
!). Civic - for cltl^onshij. 
Ti» Sol'gio -a - for chfiroctor. 

TI I^oorostlon 

A, Social 
3. T^QlO'^l 

"til Horal and reltslo'ss *ro^vth 

*» Instruction aad disc ission. 

B. OiJportunlty for L'^orvico. 

(♦1) Bcbinaon Cr'Us cited. 

G. Decisions for tbo Ghristifia ".ifo. 

T5. Tnterprstiitlcij of Crgcai'-zod Ohrtst! nlti'. 

17 Solf-discoveri". 

The lack of educ'-tlon and the fact t'iut tlio to^ v/ho r^or'.ts 
should uorraally bo In school hcs alreaii^- usen touc';od apon, as 
the 8^ eoial phase of vQO:.ticnal ti*alniTif:, or rath'-.-r t'le nood ^cr ncro 
of it in r piiTjllc 803iOOl sc'staj. 3i. t It rnist b<3 pointol ant hoTQ 
that there is a dangor in over-arip-ias'.s on t .o rmtt'~'r o" vicnt'onril 
odiJCr^tion. ''or a bo-;,'- aee-:?s a fjen r-.l ©ducatlo . net onV as a hnclc- 
grouii<i for his voc t-on-.l trsilnlnc so that ha na,' ns^^o tho nost of 
th„t, b;-t also so that v.'lth i sl'^ht e^riago In oconc-riC c:iid*t5.ons, 
he will not find hi^sel" oot o" a J.b, b©c-;use o" t'labUlt- to 
?j.dapt hl-tSSQl" to s'Clj ? ehangs- 

rith the ccraln;:. of s;.ort-jr honra of l.i or :31'a nora loisuro 
time for wcrking boys he tnust "oo ppoyM d with adiitlonal T7;ii'B for 
sroJidinc th'it loisiup© a-id Inc'acsa tc Sjer-l it In t:.j d voloina'it of 
o.ltural IntoroEts si dlar to t-:ose ho '.^oul ' 'nave ac ailro'l had ha 
£^nQ tc collo'20. '?t Is In this ccnnQCtlon thst tho devoloino-it of 
a hobh^- of 9CK30 sort Is so 1-3 ortaiit to 3 bo^. '.-ot In the xursnit 
of that hobby his leisure ti.'ie Is coni;'.H3ed -si 1 doer; not itovo o. 
jsonaco to his hcteIs «s is the osso ^Ith a boy w'vc "hnns" or ^loafe"- 
&B no^jr do - d'.irlnc their loit-ura htours. 

Hion tso concidor v.tial a o:.n: arrtlY-jly sic^ll m{;nb»3r o-" the 
boys 0^ the nresont gsneration oro finishing ^'-^ school and ccllorot 
wo can approci-to to t?hst extent th-3 ^/orkin^ ' o;', who Is to bo one 
of the largo ol&su of lnd'.strlal ^.-.'orhors, is ^'.na. tc d.^alnato tho 
rolitical life o'' tho cotmtri' djrlnc the cvrain^ yo?-r8. 'nH roalls- 
Ing this we csn fiirther air roeiat© tlie need of tho?;o fature voters 


end of rice holders having propor mstmotlcn \n t'xj iiitioa a;vl ros- 
ponsiV.UJties 0? cltlaene'iip. Honce the tn-ortmce o" c'vlo odv.cation. 

!^ellcic a oclu^at^on, net included In '-r. I^oh'.nson':? outline, 
has been redded bQOnu.eo of the r^riidly e>:p!i:jiins place v/h'ch la be5nc 
eneordod it in tho floia of edTJCC:tion, ?or v;lthcut tho ■'^ir^oril to 
indlTidaal oh'^jraotcr smeh of t";o ▼slue of a social procr-J^ for those 
boja msii'' bo, " ; ' cftm la, lost. In a votk the devglopnont of t"..e 
T.-aj?e-orir!ior or any other ty^'O of itMllvldanl la not coD:l>^t'i w'th 
ajere rosul-tlon of hours of Isbor, protocticn frca too e-rl^ ueo, 
over uso or s"Huse of hie l'\fcor pother { I.e. 9xiiloit^.t'on) ancJ In 
tralii'nc hlr. for a trade r/ilch V'^lll assure a re'^isonsbly oertr.?: 
income, but ahotild ':c s pple^iated vAth t'lo sort of inspiration vshlc&x 
Villi onable thct indiv-.dnal "to riso sbovo bis s'lrro'ondlnca and 
res^ch out tjft^r G:d - I'ke onaT' '^ter and asof Inoes." 

The Lnpcrtanco of recr'sstion Is v-oll nhr'^Bed In t?'o f.-mlll'-ir 
quotation, **71ier^^ la less d^^n^or fr^n nonotoni' of w^r^ th'in fTca 
monotony of llfo". ''rG0ticril''7 t»-Tt!^;ut excoptlon, t:io '"orttinc ■■0^'- 
ooaBidors h'a v!or>. as rsore or less of 3 nocesjJirj' ovll ft'.d in n«2iy 
crises a 'nsro drudser^ snd it is In t' ^^ vor^ ropresal.n devoloped 
tTiru that foeliriC th: t slvoe tho bo;- t'; :t Inexi^l'cable 'but noiie the 
losa ur^joiit doslro to "lot loose" after \7cr'/cln: hours. 

To haT-v slreo'li' nctod the dsn^or o*" innorr-llt;' os a ros'ilt 
or boi's* envlronne-it, while at vcrh, but it Is o?ldoat that It Is 
In search of recreation snd pleas -ire that nest beys loao t'x'r foot- 
hold tipc-n acralit^r. ct rfn^ o t ner-?ly for ssi iniioco>3-it "froo'i time", 
and f&iline to f'na it in Icsiti-isto w i^'s th-^ 8<5on discover th.3 -z^m:; 
alluraaents of the illoGitirante and haraftil t\m ar^d without a roali- 


satlcn of the pitfalls ahoad thoj give thaaselTos u. to tho ae^-nlng 
pleasuro tho/ har: found. 

Only whon tho last Teotlee of ^rltiiin heritn^o. In so f r 
s8 !t teals U8 to "sispoot"' tlL-it t>iln£s w'nloh sr^ T-^r;' on. joy si- le f\ro 

iBO V3'y wrong, has been expollod fsrcn oiar thlnklns, and society 
•etc about proTldlQit for th9 r-scrdationftl neoda of its ycung :>eo le 
oth^r than thri cofmorc 1 all ised aausojaonta, will V7i3 b;gln to noet 
this need of tho v-oVkinr: boy. a has "b-san .^ptly s^aid, "^Tien the 
oity £*?skeas to the fact cloa:'« recreation pla^.'-a In fortlfyinc 
beys arid ir'rls asa-nst the iusldlotia n--t'«r:l tanrt-iti^a of ycr^th, it 
will provide for reerostloijfes it d os for a w-tor siiprV'* ^® ^'-^l~ 
owes it to tho youths, who are to bo Its flttnro oltlzons to soo thfit 
they arc proirldo'j with acr-s than the stroet eomor, tho s.Ta{s& or 
the "soft-drin>'' parlor as a '^saisl ag-out rl^-c«"» And oa haa been 
noted, irovls5cn tauat be naa<5 for both phyelcal recreation, Incli^d'-ng 
r.thlellc gisnes anc5 dexrelore(oat?.l eserclsris of all sorts, a id social 
recreation, a plaeo for tho adolescent boy to raeet ad ainslg with hl0 
gocu fr'e^ids, in both cns-as, and psTticnlarly in tho latter, under 
8;ianathetic bvvt ccrarotent aa t^iorou-hly hi 2'. {,Tsde B'lpervls.loa. 

: rent ion has alread^^ been aade of the inport»:;ico of ncrr-l 
and rells^ous sro«»th 'n o«r cinai deration of rellgioiui ediiCition. 
?o this rmat bo added the ap: "^J^^t aeed of stinulatlng d-eo! sol n on 
the part of t.o boys themselres. Tt 's :.-'r-^ th' t we soe t'le Tslue 
of symi'Sthet'C frionds-.l- and loadorsijlp on tho p-art o^ son© bls- 
he3rt8U,brc".'J-i'ndod nan, tt h-ts been 8 lu t'^at "the gvo t~;?t need 
of the workln.;; boy is friondshlp" - the scrt o" friendship t'lnt v;ill 
first '♦ac-iuire first hand toicwledse of t^ie boya and th<s thinjre 


ent«rl e into their Uvea,'* and thon, 'Influorjoe tlien for good !>;' 
an umlstakable porsonal intorost In their vrolfaro.' {*!] Such a 
aan c:n so sti^^mlt^to and direct the thirikinr: alonft rolisicjus llneB 
of a grouT of bo^s that they will for. cplnlons arA oaio to ccnclu- 
•Icne raich the;- feel, and which to s 1-^.rgo extent are, r jalV t'iolr 
oem. nils nsatt r will bo ocnsl-ierou nore at longt'-. In a luter che;>- 
ter as vvill also tUe natter of solf— ii3Cc-73ii% 

The Potentiality of t'.ixs ' orkinc 3oy« 

.Attentl.n liaa alreadly been directed to the nosalbllltiefl 
in tho 4evjlpp-ient of working "boye ?.ntc nen who rank anoajj the 
lesdors of tlie oountiy in i-ractleally all walks of life. b .t, 
Ttotlnson points out, "One has only tc scan tho list o" milr'^M 
prosideuts, 'lOTemors of str.tas, heads cf Gre'it oor::>oriitions, lead- 
ing sclontiate, and evoJi lltarary non cf acto to find, in everj- oae 
of t"-<eso dTsting-ulBhed eroups, ao ■ lilco "dlsoii, who at tF:?olVQ ye.a2*8 
of fSC'i sold p:C-«3re o.-.d c'sars on tho trains, never dresnin^' oC t';® 
:o»ibllity of ^^tld \?ido service \7hlo"; before hki. ;:ot every 
boy-w'll provo to bo a genius "ci't tao need of "orth 'norlca toda;' 
is nc't so f-tic". for goii'iises an H Is for a I'src^e ntiabor c^ ef Mci'^n'b, 
3od fearing olfzens. (♦2) 

■3h« man power of these boys trast also be ocnald red. 
"■ ithin a few years tho leadership of the labor unions asid nany 
important pclitioul offices will be in t/ie hands of these boys. 
I^io Idas* they absorb before t'lej are tv/onty \vill largely detyrmine 
their later action in tho face cf ret^.onslbllitles, whic-; th^y v;ill 
Kie^t, if not a leader, then as imion narjbers ami voters. 
Meeting the ITeedo of the iraployed Boy. 

& stujl;' of f.o lives of ordinary boys, who have bocos^s 

•1. Pagims In asociaticn 3oys Vol. IX Ho. 6 '. 253 
*2. ''pus cited ?. no 


extraordlaopy raen reveals the fact that '•saae nan cr scr^io or.rrini- 
aattcn cane ?nto thair IWes atid revoaled to then thoir j.oaalbill- 
tlea." It was a telegrarb operator, v»ho t!3U2ht 'idleon the use of t :o 
tolegr^^'h instriwent siiJ then uateiowingly roleased to tho world a 
Csrser of esoor'.iciial ueoftilnoss. 

3o it Is the pxirposo cf tiiic thoais to tfiow Hct; t'lo iioods of 
t:ie enilffyed boj na^' bo at "least r^J*tjally net and asalatanco {jlvon 
Mm in the groator rcaltsaticn of h^s "otentlalitioB. ?ho plnn 
proposed Inclua '8 tho orsonlzat ten of these "boys Into natural 
grouplncs, the devolopraent of lo^.'Sorehlp within tho grov p a^id 
araong fellova all^tlj' older, who can bo trained to assttne fiill 
reapcrisibillty for the coudvct of tho y^rosrara v;lth particular 
grcupe. Tho proer-^!; oitlinel ail anpl'fied la that cf fo ".li.C.j.. 
with ita four-fold ©aphasia sdai'toa to njeet the particular needs 
of thia groux). 


The Association rogran 

While particular ada:;taticng4.rc necessary to neet t'le needs 
of oaployed "boys as a special grc.-'.p, yet the "basis for a prograia 
for them promoted by the Association should "bs the four-fold idea 
which servyg as a baclc ground for fie enfro ■sscciaticn enter- 

?7ith this in nind, then, the program should be: 

First, "^eli£:iQ---s. '':he statenr.nt so ca33only he:ird froia 
would-be leaders of boys that their boys do not '-vant religion 
should be reviBed to read that "they thinlc they don*t want roligionV 
and the ti5s> of tlio leader is to first oviroorae their fo-.r of 
what they th'tilt religic:i is and than to present the idea that 
religion in f:o broaJ sense is not to be taclced onto the progrjsn 
but rot", or pemeate all of it Siid have its rjhases of s ocial 
emphasis just as do the physical or social features of the program. 
The fund-rjnental raisin d'etre for tho existence of the Associar- 
tion and the proaoticn of its program is "the building of Chris- 
tian chEractor in tlie lives of :nen and boys'', and tlier ; should be 
and need bp no conproraise in ti.e ada tatlon of that program to 
meet tho noed of t!ie vrorking boy. 

Second, 3ocial. The environaent in which a w rking boy 
finds h^raself is at best unnatural and when v:'orking hours are 
over, the vory repression to which he has been subjected, fosters 
an insatiable desirs to mingle v/ith congenial frisnds. The fact 
that in nsn^r cities v.-orlcing boys are not afforded proper places 


to moot and nlnglo with girls of their a^m age is a basis for 
but one of the many importnnt phases of a thorougli-^'oin^ social 
progrsm. The coimunity v?hich eraots and supports an ■association 
building- has every right to expect that it v;ill furnish an at- 
tractive pl&co anJ an intorosti ig and v/ort'i ^7'lile progrisi for thoBo 
boys in the evenings, for the double purpose of "keepini: thcs.i fron 
the attractions and sllvirenents of evil resorts, and to sot for 
them a hlg^ standard of social life. 

Third, "hysical — The working boy, perhaps more than 
any otlior type of boy nevds all that an interesting and v;ell- 
thou^it out physioal r^rogrr^n can g-Ive hl?ri. This phase of tho 
program includii^ the health education emphasis will bo tro tod 
mere in detail in considering the adaptation of t'.e progran to 
raoet the particular needs of the •7or3cing hoy. 

Fourth, Education — :n outst^:nding contribution which 
the AsBcoiation can maie to the lives of vy.rxing boys is to 
irapross theni with th3 need of continuing theit education while 
they wcrlc and at the sa'ne time ahow t'leni the feasibility of it and 
present then with a definite opportunity for acnui^ing stich 
education preferably la night classes, or by correspondence stud^y. 
Also in so!ne^vhat t::e sa'ne sense that the progrcra is fundonentally 
religious, so it Is al^-o primarily educational, each phase of the 
progrsaj having its education-^l aspect. 


The General Plan. 
The general plan of the '.'orlc as it has evolved under t}ie 
direction of Ilr. Robinson has three distinct aspects, viz-,- 

(1) A fraternal or2:anization. 

(2) A system cf education. 
{■3) A Christian propa^nda. 

1. i Fraternal CrgrsJiization Mong Baployed Boys 
''orklng hoys are not ov;r or^'^Jiized. They desire and need 
to band taansel es together for good tines and autual helpfulness. 
A brotherly organization for these boys will net duplicate any- 
thing now done in any large v;a^,' by school, church, or eornaunity. 
Making the organization ccnfnent-wide v/iil utilize the splendid 
ins: iraticnal values and world view point charactoristic of other 
Associational group's. It offer's a basis for drying togather 
these employed boys T,'ho may or laay not ccne to the Association 
for privileges, but feel that they desire to organize with t'lelr 
fellows for ootiradesliip, self help, chriracter develoimant and 
service. To unite in one organization, the real building raerabors, 
those Y/hc cone wit>i hisi^ ideals or gain ther-j with us, a;id also, 
the rae'nbers of extension clubs in stores, factories, etc., 2i s 
proven to be a feasible plan and a popular laovenent both with 
regular me'nbers snd e::tensicn club beys. 

2. A System of "education for Employed Boys 
It provides the leaders with a raore or leas idealistic 
group of employed boys with whoa they can set up, tlirou£:h the 
seven objectives, a definite systan of activities for t.eir 


develormeAt. V.e should take as aerlous responsl.'bil.ity for these 
youths as does the heaOraaster cf a preparatory school for his hoys, 
enllstiig as many as possible for a period of years. Heceiving 
an employed boy into this organizati n, the leaders should feel 
responsibility for his all round i.rogress. They should cliart 
hie situation, stimulate his a-^ibiticn, foster intimately his 
eduostional and spiritual growth, in fact know v,hat they v/sit 
emr^loyed boys to become and hew thoy e:-i;-^ct to get the bey froa 
what he is tc v/hat he should be. Considering the res onsibllities 
a Boys' "."ork Caanitteo and its Scorotaries have equally for other 
types of boys, it night bo impossible for theea to undartalre so 
thorcuo^ a plan of v.or'K for all employed boys who cone to buy 
privileges, l^ut it is surely practical to engage In this table 
d'hote plan for perhaps that third of the neTibership vho show 
ambition for the abundruit life. 

3. A Christian "Propaganda b;^ "Sinployed 3oys 
'Tiile the Association is Setting up this develo.raent 
s/3tetn for and with thcsi, the boys can bo engaged t":;rough their 
fraternal organization in a carefully plsinned effort to aid other 
employed boys, enlisting these with themselves to labor cons- 
ciously for the comins of the Ghristisn ideal into the lives of 
individual boys and equally into business, industry and all realms 
of organized life, that is, to strive to produce in their own 
lives and those of their fellow v;orJcers, the ideals of manhood 
held by the Yotmg Lion's Christian Association. 


■articular Needs as a Baais for the Adaptation 
of the "rograii 

As the proerara, knov.Ti as the :5aployed 30^78 Brotherhood 
hf.s developed, certain narticvilar aiid outst-iaidin^ needs of t)iis 
group have been distinguiBhed and a distinct effort !n'.\de to r.iect 

-hese particul-rr needa are nine in number, and nay bo 
sxaanarized as follov;s: 

1. Voc tionral Guidance. The boj' r/ho has left sc; ocl, 
probably thru necc-ssity, is usually:- forced to take whatever Job 
he can get reg rdless of vr'ifcthar it partlc'lnrly appeals to him 
or whether It has any worth while prospects. Tn such a situation 
he needs c roful ^^aidance in deterilning the line of \/ork for 
which he is best fitted a.d advise as to hov; to m;ike his Job a 
means to realizing tho best of which he is cap-^ble in the future. 
Such an isp eal is not necessarily one to seXfislmoss, but to 
self-expressicn, and a logidal starting po'nt, an approach thru 
the aTonue of the boys conscious need. 

#• Wholesome "Recreation. -'notliGr such need of the boy 
•irtxo worlrs is good, clean fun, feliof froa t:.e strain or monotony 
of v.orlc. ; real contributicn can be made to tha livos of working 
boys in sliowing thorn tho'Cablc connection botween s-.-coess 
and recreation. In this connection, Ilr. ?oblnson ('i; points 
out thrt the bo;- must be brou^t to appreciate that ''the way in 
v.hich he spends f.e hours from five o'clock in t":'3 aft. moon until 
seven o'cloC: the ne:<t momins can absolutely nullify all t';e 

(*1) C. C. Hobinson. "APlan of V.oifc A'nong Employed Boys'; P 11. 


earnest effort he may exert in rvork hours, while on the other 
hand he ca:! loam thru oonstaiit guidance tc establis'. a havit 
of having only tho S-Od ti^es thnt recroate, clonn Tjie-sures that 
make one 'born all over again for tho da^-s work. ••• He further 
urges that v?e 'provide the means and help establish the habit, 
and siso, "make our boy Sj^ostlea of this idea to other ani^loyed 

lyith the present status of coBnercialism of amusements, 
partior.lurl.;- in our large cities, end the moral drtngers that 
present thomsolYes in the cheaper forms of these siuseiaents vhich 
generally attract t;e v/ige-errfaing boy, there is presented an 
exceedingly worth v.'hile opportunity for affording t"i -t grcui^ of 
"boys a W:icleBaae v/ell dlrectei program of recreational activities 
and for setting for him a high standard by wh.ic to judge the 
value of sPCh activities. 

3. Physical Development and Health 3duc?,tion. Tithoufe 
the opportunity afforded the hlf-h school boy for piiysical davelo] - 
ment and for instruction in perarnal hoalth said liygieno, the 
wcrlcing boy will be denied this important phase of his adolescent 
life unless this deficiency is made up by soae organization 
inducing thaa en th.e feature of its progran. 

4. Universal Brothorlaood— x\ boy com'ng from tho sheltered 
environaent of a heme and school tmd sviddenly thrust into the 
industrial world is soon e:cceedi:igly bewildorcd at the class 
stru^le in which he finds hinself. At f'rst he can only stand 
aloof and \TOnder at it and it is ■ t this irnprossional poriod that 
he should be taught the Christian interijret tion of that str-.£-:le. 

and given some understanding of the moral and religious principles 
which must serve as a basis for the social adjusteaents necessary 
to the establislfcent of a thoroughly Christian social order, rrcm 
another point of view most of tltepj boys have a decidedly limited 
horizon as regards the other peoples of the world and their ways 
and they will respond readily to an attaspt to helj them "oroaden 
that horizon and particularly to a request that they have a aliare, 
no matter how anall in the lifting of the less fortunate peoples 
of the world to a higher standard of llvinj baseJ on Christian 

5» Ilsntal Training — Tlie need of working boys along this 
line has already been referred to. Suffice to say hero that no 
greater opportunity presents itself to a lead-r of a group of 
boys that to broaden their s^jpreciation of the fUnd of the ^^orld's 
knowledge, and by develoi'^ing their interest along what is for t'lan 
hitherto unexplored lives, lay the foundation for tliat mental 
alertness and activity which of itself prevents the aimless 
wandering of tho boy into places aid sitrationswhicl-i present 
moral pitfalls. The value of a worth-v/hile hobby, particularly 
along educational lines, cannot be ovsrestlnated. 

6. P.eligicu — It has already been po'nted out tliat every 
person has an inherent longing for a religious life aaid the working 
boy is no exception. As we shall see in considering the adap- 
tation of t'.e progran to ineot the needs of this group tr-ero must 
be a carefully thought out mode of approach in presenting t;ie 
religious emphasis. Generally speaking, however, it is a natter 
of vital i^^ortance in t":e lives of t"iese boys that they get 

definite convictione regarding their relation fo God, to their 
fellovr raen, and to Clirist, and then that the;' be set to work to 
help win individuals and society tc the Christian ideal. 

7. Fa^iily Ttelations — The da^ of approach to the indi- 
vidual as an individual alone is paat jmd v/o have corae tc appre- 
ciate that t'le individual can be dealt with rightly only as a 
member of certain social groups. Cf these groups in which a boy 
finds himself there is none whicli requires more active study and 
cooperation than the home, ^e need here is two-fold, first an 
articulation of the relationships between a boy and his hoae, and 
record, to kindle in t>ie boy's mind ideals for his future hono 
In a way that will definitely affect his moral and religious life. 

3. Tnrift. IXiring the earlier years of work witli employed 
boys the program was set up on the basis of the seven needs listed 
above. Gradually, however thare has developed the feallng that 
with the enphasis on making the boy a better worlanan therj is 
another need which at first ha'l been overlooked, ".iiother the 
boy's reason for entering t .e ranks of the paid worker be one of 
necessity or choice theae is with it that accomnany'ing feeling that 
"new I will have money of my ov/n to spond". And with tlie many 
opportunities and Inducements which the city jiresents for the 
spending of t'lat money, the average boy makes little or no 
attempt to save any part of his earnings. It is t^.ni a discus- 
sion of t"-;e sub.'ect cf t'lrift and the presentation of thrift 
material to a grou; cf follows that majiy of them come to appreciate 
for the first time the idea of having money go to work for than 
beside which the idea of mcne to spend is a mere "necessary 


9. Service — If "there is one wcrJ v-ii.lch will siimarize 
the desires a;id in a sense epitcraizes the needs of the older 
adolescent bey it Is action, /aid in a sense evory phase of a 
proljran v/hich aims to meet tlie needc of this group should provide 
for action, ris^'^tly directed. But appreciating the importance 
of this need it has 'been deemed advisable to place special 
anphasis upon the idea of service, and an attempt made to show 
the boy the Inestimable amount of satisfaction that ethers have 
found, and that he can find if he will, in losing one's self in 
a great cause. It is tliru this ideal cf unselfish service tc men 
as a means, and the only means, cf serving God that we put the 
vitality fflid action necessary in a religious appeal that v/ill 
reach this group. 

Historical Sketch 
It is onl:,- in comparatively recont years tTiat a progran 
especially alapted to meet the needs of working lioys has been 
evolved by the 'ssoclation. The follov/ing stateracait fitrnishes 
by Ilr. C. C. Hobinson, will serve to lllustrrte the develoi^raent 

of the work. 

Facts About the 


Interest in linployod Boys as a group in Boys' Division 
lleabership, stnrted about 1900, Youth's Social Bible Class at 
!Tev?arlf, ".J., beinjT trie of the first fornal gro'ips. ?ron that 
time on, "associations took up the arranging of dofinite i lacos 
in tlie g/nnasium adedule for !iaployed Beys, and Inployed Boys' 
ni^t schools appeared in such cities as '"ronton, n.J,, ""'ortl-aid. 
Ore., Charlotte, ::.C., ::e!3phis, Tenn. etc. These were very iro- 
portant in t',e beginnings of "inployed Boys' "'ork and di "^ a raal 
service. Clubs connected v/lth fr.ctories, f"Iourished for a little 
while "^ro nd the years 1903 to 1912. Tansas City had splendid 
work with depart:nent store boys, several of tlie "'assachusetts 
Associations wero famous for so-called "Get-'Phere" cl 'bs. T^ieso 
v/ore mostly among ncn-^embers, by lo dors going out to the fac- 
tories from f e /•ssoclation. 

The Employed Boys' Brotherhood was first organized, so far 
as we "icnow undor that na'ne, at r.asrrence, llass, ::any such clubs 
were being organized at that tirae siid various ncnas v/ere adopted, 
but so far as v;e "knov;, althou^ the name ha'3 been trJ.ked nbout for 
some tir.e, lawrence first used it. Gthors follov/ed quickly in the 
Sast and gradually spread to the "est. 

Training Caap Conferences for Employed Boys v/ore first 
conducted in a large v;ay in the fall of 1919, the '.ssoclation of 
Boys' ',or> ^Secretaries having published a panphlet promoting the 
idea and giving sanplo progr:iins» 

The International Caaraitteo en^pioyed its first Secretary 
for this work in tho fall of 1312. "ew York State had the first 
State 3ecret:ry giving his full tL-ne for linployed Boys' ""ork, in 
1915. Very effective work as done because of t'us relationship 
in Ilev/ York Stite, and now liassaclmsetts and California havo 
men giving special attention to this work. 

f: . 7^/i 

Seme lAventy cities now have men who give entire or major 
portion of tL^ne to Timployed Boys' "pr^. This has, on the whole, 
been very effective, A city like Ilinneapolis, for instance, 
developed betv.-eon fcrty aiid fifty ^ployed 3oy Clubs, in different 
sections of the city. 

In response to a distinctly felt ijeed for a jjlan of voca- 
tional guidance for Snployed Boys, the "^ind Yourself Canijaign V7as 
brou^it into bein^ by the International Employed Boys' Secretary, 
v*ith the advice and ^elp of local snd state leaders. The first 
campaign of this kind 'vas put on at ""aterson, :.T,J. in the Spring 
of 1915. This spread 'very rapidly until now v/e havo a rather 
definite systcsn with analysis blanks and a well received book 
entitled "The Find Yourself Idea." 

Perhaps the most striking contribution in distinct religioua 
lines which linployed Boys' Toife has nado, would be the social 
emphasis to Christianity through the use of such courses as 
"Christian Teachlue on Social and "conaaic "uestions," In v/hlch 
we hrVG hal as hi^ as five thousand boys per year engaged in the 

C. G. Sobinson 

7 r 

The S. B. 3. Progrsra 

!Ph© program presented on t:ie follaving pages is one v/hich 
has been drasm uij to meet t";ie aeods, both general and particular, 
of the v/age-Qi.rning boy. It v/ill bo seen that It is based u;on nino 
objeotives and that these objectives not only eabod^'^ the four-fold 
progran of the -'.ssociation but thfit they are each directed at cne 
of- the particular needs of this special group as liste- in the 
jireceding section. In the detailed monthly progra-a it will be 
noted that special emphasis is sivon during each succeeding month 
to one of thQse objectives, t'lus providing a basis for mi intensive 
nine raontlis program. .'. ajpeoial and varied progrsaa for the siufiner 
is also included. 

The arrsngaraent of the program in the form here presented 
serves a doable purpose. Pirst, it is a means of acquainting the 
employer of boys v/itli the nature of the program v/hich v?e advocate 
and are willing to pronoto among t'le boys tliat he employs, l^he 
letter on the first page signed by the chainnan of the Boys '"crk 
Coramittee ai-.l an enplcyor o" boys hl^nself, should arouse interest 
and result in his looking further and with more care than he 
otherwise •■.ijculd into the follov.'ing pages. '::*he statanent by C.-K. 
Ober regarding the -ssociation ia indluded for those, and t.eJTB 
are many, v<ho have nc definite idea of vmat the Association 
really Is and for what it stands. The sumiary on tlie third page 
gives the importiuit frets concern" ug t?ie org-ui" zaticn. Tie sttsnont 
by Dr. Holmes gives the endorsement o" the scientific sociologist, 
1!he objectives speaJc for thei3selves. ?he ooramitt-je of Ufenagsnent 
and the Bpecial iCmployed Boys Caimittee should be and Is a 


body of men tliat v;ill ccomand t .e resoecl; of ev r;- ©mi'loyor raid 
help to ccnvinoo him tli t a program fostered and endorsed b; s.iCJh 
man must be ■^'orth while* The organ I a at ion chart appeals to the 
business man and at the same time illvstr tes in a striking v/uj,'- th.e 
ramifi(S;ion and possibilities in the oxtension of the progim. 

The material ^ich follows takes u, in detail the prosrsra 
v/eek by v;eek rrith a brief explanation of the outst'indins special 
features. T'.o is included to forestall any ossible 
criticlsn, which may be directed at that phase of the prograra. 
The program as used b the writer in the proraotion of this \?ork at 
the ='e rs ?oe' uck !)epa3rtaent Y.M.C.A, of Chicago, follows: 


Sears j^oehuc^c JDepartment 
V/te y6un^ ZHens C/iristiart Association qfCfiica^o 

'ij/iirti/ Uwo J^ndred and "j^en Jirt/iington St. 
Uelep/ione ^arfield 3800 


Each morning when the doors of iimerica*s Enterprizes 
open U, 500, 000 wage earning boys return to their tasks. 
In oxjT city alone, tens of thousands of these youthful 
workers daily give their hest to Business. 

These hoys hecoine our citizens, worlonen, and Jcithers, 
have the power to vote, and irake laws and become home 
nakers, many of them without instruction and training to 
fit them for these high callings. 

^en a boy's poverty or his premature vocational 
ambition leads him to assume a man's responsibility by 
the age of fourteen or sixteen, as is so often the case, 
he soon ceases to be a youth. He short-circuits from 
childhood to mr.nhood. He forever loses the value of 
prolonged youth iinless some wise ?.nd kind-hearted men 
assist him in some way to extend these great character 
forming years while he works. 

The following pages are devoted to a detailed description 
of the Employed Boys Brotherhoods promoted by the Boys' 
Division, Sears Roebuck Department , Y.M.C.A, of Chicago. 
The influence of these character-building clubs is being 
felt in many of Chicago's great commercial, financial and 
industrial houses. 

Y-E-B aims to aid the working boy to attain higher 
ambitions and higher ideals of rrianliness. By teeping him 
a happy hearted, enthusiastic youth, till time says he has 
a right to be a man, it should enable him to grasp more 
firmly those elements so essential to success. 

We covet for you the values that you as an employer seek 
to build and strengthen in your boys. 

Chairman Boyi' Work Comnittee, 



— 0~ 

It is a high-grade low-cost yoiing rosn*s club- 
Christian 'Wut not sectarian. 

It is an athletic organization that does not use nien 
to promote athletics, but uses athletics to develop men. 

It is a night school for young icen v»ho work by day. 

It is a home for young men away from home. 

It helps young men not only to help themselves, but to 
help the other fallow. 

It is a place for a young man to find friends and to 
make himself a friend to the man that needs friends. 

It has no creed, but is controlled by representatives 
of churches. This keeps it a Christian organization, but 
prevents it from becoming another Church. 

It has united in its management members of those 
churches which, though differing in creed, have foiand by experience 
that they can join without controversy or friction in the doing 
of religious work. This enables it to teach the Bible and to 
make practical use of Christian forces in helping young rten. 

Its fellowship, eliib rooms, gymnasium, baths, classes 
and all other practical advantages are open to all young men, 
of all faiths or of no faith. 

It is not an experiment, but is the survivor of many 
experiments. While other young men^s organizations, social, 
athletic, educational, ethical and even religious, have failed, 
this has succeeded and is now in successful operation in over 
eight thousand places in North America and thruout the world. 

— C.K.0ber— 
International Committee. 
Young Men's Christian Association. 






YiE-B consists of several "Posts" or clubs 
of Employed Boys. These "Posts" ir;eet 
Separately and are composed of the "boys 
who work in the business houses and shops 
in the district served by the Sears 
Roebuck Dept. , Y.M.C.A, of Chicago. The 
leader of each Post usually is a rr.ember 
of the firm which fosters a Brotherhood. 
All Posts of Y-E-B are under the auspices 
of the Boy's Division of the Sears Roe- 
buck Department of the Young Men's 
Christiaii Association of Chicago* 

Membership in the Young Men's Christian 
Association is not essential to itember- 
ship in an Employed Boys' Brotherhood, 
Ar^ boy, fourteen to seventeen years of 
age, inclusive, who is of good character, 
and who works, can become a member of the 
Employed Boys ' Brotherhood after reading 
and i»ider standing the objectives and 
pledge and signing them. The Y-E-B Member- 
ship card is recognized at the Boys 
Division of the Sears Roebuck Department ■ 
Y.M.CA, of Chicago for certain privileges, 
and also admits the member to the Y-E-B 
Athletic and Swimming Meets at Scheduled 

The Cost of membership in Y-E-B is measured 
in three ways: 

1. It will cost some effort to develop 
along progressive lines, 

2. It will cost a small amoxint of cash 
each month for dues, which amount is 
decided upon by ea^h post and goes into 
the treasury of each Post. 

3. It will cost some time to he of help 
and service to others. 


Each Post meets weekly and "builds its pro- 
gram on the nine objectives of its organ- 
ization. Fireside Meetings will be held 
weekly, following the gymnasium or swimming 
period, when a speaker of note will take up 
the general subject which the individual 
clTibs have been considering during the 
previous week. In addition there will be 
movies, debates, exhibition "boxing matches 
and wrestling , eats, etc. Occasionally 
rallies of all "Posts" thruout the city 
will be held in the large auditorium of 
Central Department , when all will enjoy 
the inspiration ajid impetus gained by 
working together on such projects as: 
Health Week, Thrift Week, Find Yourself 
Campaign, Minstrel Show, etc. 



1, Vocational 

II» Recreation 

That Recreates. 

III. Physical 

We believe that every toy 
should have an opportunity 
to choose his own life work 
early and wisely. 

We believe in good times that 
nake yon a better worknan the 
"day after the night before." 

We believe that a fellow should 
"start right" by developing a 
clean strong body thru system- 
atic exercise and athletics. 

rv. Universal 

V« Mental Training 

VI, Religion 

VII, Family 


We believe that every boy is 
born free and equal and that 
a Brotherhood spirit should 
prevail among us. 

We believe that a fellow should 
strive to be a better workman 
thru the training of his mind — 
How much are you worth from 
your neck up? 

We believe that every fellow 
should attend his own church 
regularly and carry its relig- 
ious teachings into his every- 
day life. 

We believe that all boys should 
have a definite responsibility 
in the home and do all possible 
to make his home the best home. 

VIII, Thrift 

IX* Service 

We "believe that every boy should 
earn all the money he can honestly- 
should have a regular plan of 
saving and giving as well as 

We believe that boys should ex- 
press their lives in terms of 
unselfish service for others — 
should lose one''s self in a great 
cause , 

:t 7 



Atthur Holmes , A.M. , Phd. 
President of Drake University. 

Every modern worker with boys knows that the boy in 
his teens is gregarious. He wishes to flock with his kind. 
His social instinct for the first time are bubbling up in 
an inner life. With a strong hunger he is longing to be a 
unit in "the gang", or "his crov/d" or to belong to some 
organization or association. The proper satisfaction and 
wise development of this social impulse in him enrichens 
his future. 

Personally it means to him the enlargement of all that 
is called moral and Christian. Oat of the social instincts 
come all those minor and secondardy impulses which lead the 
boy eventually to become a citizen, husband, father, and 
drive him to heroic desire for the battlefield, a soldier of 
his country. 

The same instinct is the cradle of fraternalism which 
joins him to secret societies and which leads him into the 
deeper meaning of the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood 
of man. From the same source flow those impulses which make 
him consider the greatest good to the greatest member the 
guiding principles of his life. Citizenship, morality, 
and religion, all are invigorated and inpenetrated with this 
same adolescent impulse. 

This germ power so fertile for good may be neglected .and 
distorted and becom.e the source of a thing of evil. During 
their teens boys will congregate together. If no direction is 
given to their congregating they form gangs under the leader- 
ship of the physically strongest or the most astute in evil. 

The eaiployed boy with his hours of disciplinary labor is 
most likely to break over the confines of rules and laws in 
his leisure hours. Therefore, the Employed Boys' Brotherhood 
becomes a distinctly critical factbr in his life. It 
satisfies his soiil's longing to amalgamate itself with a 
fraternity. His adolescent fancy for mystic rites and symbolic 
pins and secret signs involved in these modes or organization 
is guided into channels of happiness for himself and useful- 
ness for his community. 

Such an . organization is not incidental or sporadic. Its 
cognates and progenitors are alive in the hearts of men and 
have lived there since in the first dim dawn, human nature 
emerged from the darkness of individualism into the morning 
of tribal comnTunities, The Brotherhood is a great organ- 
ization full of infinite possibilities, fertile with promise 
and redundant with good. 

7 F 

— 0— 

The Employed Boys' Brotherhoods are under the 
auspices of Sears Roe"buck Department, The Young Men's 
ChristiaJi Association of Chicago, The general administration 
of Sears Roebuck Department is in the hands of A Conmittee 
o£ Management, the personnel of which is; 

0. J.Fehling, Chairman 

E,L,'Ryerson, Jr, 
V7, O.Lewis 
J.Hall Taylor 
H,H, Haylett 

- General Supt . , 

National Mall. Castings Co, 
2610 W. 25th Place. 

- Vice Pres, J.T.Ryerson & Son, 
l6th St & Rockwell Sts. 

- Treaaiorer, Sears Roehuck & Co« 
Homan & Arthington St» 

- President, American Spiral Pipe Co, 
lUth St. & Cicero Ave^ 

- President, Alhaugh Dover .S: Co., 
2100 Marshall Blvd. 

- Architect, 

6U E» Van Buxen St, 

- Secretary, Athletic Commission Co. 
of Chicago. 

Wk, fit Jones 
Otto Kerner 

F. A. Snow 

- President, VV, A. Jones Fdry co. 
kkOl v;, Roosevelt Rd. 

- Attorney 

139 IT Clark St. 

- President, Sherman-Klove Co. 
U6U0 W. Harrison St, 

- President, The Heat Treating Co, 
I9U2 Kinzie St. 

The Executive Secretary of Management is G.P.Lichtenheld. 

O IWi 















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The Leaders' For-um consists of the 
adult leaders of all Posts of Y-E-B. 
It meets once a month and serves as 
a clearing house for ideas and ac- 
tivities ao-id enables all Posts to work 
together. A bulletin is issued week- 
ly to Leaders which contains timely- 
topics and keeps all informed of the 
progress of Y-E-3. The Employed Boys* 
Secretary m-eats with this group. 


The Chairman of the Christian Service 
Committees constitute the inner circle. 
This is a small, definitely religious 
group, working in a quiet, yet definite 
'jsray to win their comrades to the churches 
of their choice. It is largely devotion^ 
al. The Employed Boys' Secretary meets 
with this group. 


The council of Presidents of Y-E-B 
groups meet once a month to plan concertedly 
on Athletic meets, special projects and 
campaigns. Each President reports to his 
Brotherhood all that transpires at Co^mcil 
meetings and, with the aid of the Post 
Leader, keeps his Brotherhood informed of 
current trends and activities. The Em- 
ployed Boys' Secretary meets with this group. 


Application for Meoberehip 
in the 



Believing with all ny heart, in the nine otjecjrives of the 
Employed Boys* Brotherhoods, I herehy make application for 
membership in the P ost* 

As a TEen^er I purpose to stand in my daily life for the 
ideals and standards upon which the Brotherhood is hased. 
I further purpose to spread these ideals and standards of 
daily living among my fellows, and to take an active part 
in the program and service of the Brotherhood. 




_Dept . 

Firm Address 

Local Phone 

Home Address 

Member ( ) 
Attend ( ). 
Prefer ( ) 


Membership in other organization3_ 
Educational Advantages 



Activity Interests: 

( ) Bihle Study 

( ) Glee Club 

( ) Orchestra 

( ) Literary Club 



Recommended ty^ 

C ) Billiards 

( ) Hikes 

( ) Minstrel Shows 

( ) Service Band 



Slip NiitP (ipbtprttups of f -iE-1 

1. Th« Right Job Now — the wiae vocation in the future. 

2. Good Times — recreation that will help you succeed. 

3. Physical Vigor — strength for a vigorous career. 

4. The Brotherly Spirit— a sense of brotherhood with all men. 

5. Thorough Education — i^kill in a vocation; general knowledge. 

6. Vital religion— right relation to God and your fellows. 

7. Social Responsibility — the value of a clean life for the take 
of the family. 

8. Thrift — a systematic plan of eaving. 

9. Service — unecliishly serve others. 









Eicployed Boys' Brotherhoods or Clubs are to te found in 
practically every city of any size in the United States. Thousands 
of wage earning boys are grouped together under competent, Christian 
Leadership for the attainment of greater personal efficiency. 
Members of the "Y" Einployed Boys Brotherhoods have enjoyed the 
hospitality of many brotherhoods conducted by the Young Men's 
Christian Association in other cities. 

The Y-E-B membership card is recognized by the BoyS' Division 
Sears Roebuck Department of Chicago, for certain priviliges and 
also admits the member to the weekly Y-E-B Athletic and Swimming 
Meets in the Qrmnasium and pool. 

Members of Y-E-B are priSiliged the use of the Boys' 
Division Lobby, rest-rooms, reading room and may attend illustrated 
lectures. Lobby Addresses and meetings for older boys» 

3 3 



1st Week- Labor Day Setting-Up Conference in co-operating with other Depts. 
Picked group of leaders only* 

2nd Vfeek- Organization Meeting. Rally for new members. Adoption of yearns 
program. Election of off icers,(New clubs postpone election until 
1st week in October) 
Fireside Speaker: Mr. Thomson or Mr. Fisher from Central. 

Subject: City Wide and nation wide aspects of E.B.B. Movies. A • 
Y,M,C<,A. Picture or good comedy. 

3rd Week - Discussion: "Education: the Relation of Training to Life" 
Fireside Speaker: Business man or Educator, 

Subject: "Education, its value, and how working boys can obtain it." 

Uth V/eek- Short papers or talks by boys on "How I Spent % Summer Vacation" 
Judges to decide best tall:. Person follow up and interview on ed- 
ucation. Urge boys to study and to go to night school. 
Fireside Speakers: Winners of each club contest on "How I Spent % 

Summer Vacation." Award prise to winner. 
Announce Social for follov'ing week - Movies, 

Special events for the month: Combined hike and corn roast or overnite 
hike to Forest Preserve, 
CITY WIDE TRACK AM) FIELD MEET (Sears Roebuck Dept. Field Sept. 23.) 

(Physical Vigor) 
1st Week - Discussion : "Habits; in General and as Applied To Health" 
Fireside Speaker: Doctor 

Subject; "Health Habits" Simple Rules for daily observance. Have 
boys decide for Health Habit Practices, 
Appoint special membership campaign committee. 

2nd Week, Discussion: "The Ethics of Play" 
Fireside Speaker: Noted Athletes, 

Subject: "Playing Square" , - followed by Glean Sports movie. 

3rd Week - Discussion: "The Three C'S" *attend 

Fireside: In place of the regular fireside meeting all clubs will* 
big City Wide Rally at Central Y. , Wednesday October 25th, 6:15 P M 
for dinner at nominal cost or for program following dinner, as each 
club may decide. Several famous Athletes will speak. Followed by 
inter-club games in the gjim and a swim for everybody. 

Uth T/eek - Discussion: ' Keeping fit Using Gov't ChP.rls and Phamplets, 
Fireside Speaker: Physical Director: Subject: "Physical Development, 

followed by Ist Aid Talk and Demonstration 1st aid Movies and 1 reel 

Special Events for the Month: Halloween Party - A Hard Times Party, with 

girls (if desired) - a real POW WOW - Membership Cairyaign, - 

Bring your Pal nite» 

3 V 


1st Week - Discussion: Friendship; Companionship. 
Initiation for new members. 
Fireside Speaker: Minister or Y Secretary. 
Subject: "The Meaning of True Friendship". 

2nd Week - Discussion: "Law of Service" 

Fireside Speaker: Ex-Service fen. Armistice Day Program 
Subject: Experiences at the Front (Religious emphasis) 
mMoving Picture dealing with the War. E.K.Lincoln in 
"Lafayette We Come" 

3rd Week - Discussion: Datmes of Citizenship 
Fireside Speaker: Judgeor Politician 

Subject: "Politics, A Christian Opportunity". 

Uth Week - Discussion: "Opportunities for Ser^rice in the Y.M.C.A. " 
Fireside Speakelft Librarian or Minister. 
Subject: " A.' Eoy and His Reading"* 
Special announcement of Peoria Older Boys' Conference. 

5th Week - Thanksgiving Week: paper by boy on Historial background 
Social Service Emphasis. 
Fireside Speaker: United Charities Worker. 
Subject: "Experience in Social Service" followed by Movie 
on Social work and 1 reel comedy. Plan t» visit social 
center and put on program. 

Special Events: Social or party at home of boy or leader, 
Inter-Club and Inter-Dept. Basketball games. 

(Universal Brotherhood) 

1st Week - Discussion: Organizations of Society; Clubs, 
Fireside: Report from O.B, Conference Delegates 
Organization of Conference Club. 

2nd Week - Discussion: "The Other Fellow; World Wide Brotherhood". 

Fireside: Returned Y Fo'rgign Secretary or Foreign Student, 

Subject: Present Day World Conditions, followed by movie 

(Near East Relief Picture) 

3rd Week - Discussion: Significance of Christmas Time: The Spr 
Spirit of Christmas* 
Fireside: Minister. 
Subject: "The Greatest Personage in History"- Jesus Christ". 

Uth Week - Discussion: "Present Day World Needs" 
Fireside: Returned Traveler, 
Subject: "The Outstanding Needs of The World Today". 


MONTHLY PROGRAl/i Y-E-B (Continued) 

Special Events: Coiribined Christmas Party. Exchange ten cent store 
presents. Plan some definite Christmas service. Christmas 
"baskets to he delivered hy hoys themselves. 
Inter-Post Indoor Athletic Meet. 


1st Week - Discussion; "Life decisions and their Importance" 
Have hoys turn in list of unsigned New Years Resolutions. 
Fireside Speaker: Y Secretary or Business I/ianager . 
Suhject: The Value of lie v/ Years Resolutions, 

Reference to those turned in "by hoys. 

2nd Week - Discussion: "Thrift: Iioney, its uses and ahuses" 
Paper hy hoy on "What I '"/oula Do '^ith A Million Dollars" 
Use Thrift Charts. 
Fireside Speaker: A Bai-Q: President, Suhject; "Thrift" - Movie. 

3rd V/eek - Discussion: "Ot'ner Phases of Tiirift: Time, Energy," 
Fireside; Rally at Central Y January 17th, Ben Franklin's 
Birthday to hear hig hanker talk on "How to Save". 

4th Week - Discussion: "Essentials of a Successful Party" 
(It takes brains to run a party; any BOOBcan rxin a 
dance") Plan a party for the follov/ing week - Stunts, Games 
Special Events, Etc. 
Fireside Speaker: Open Entertain another club and have joint 
program to he previously arranged. Movies. 

Special Evenfes: Combined social and stunt night. Girls invited. Each 
club is put on a staunt and he responsible for at least two games. 
If girls club is invited arrange wioh them to put on special stunt. 
Refreshments and singing. Inter-Club and Inter-Department 
Athletic Meets and B.B. Games, 

The Right Job, 

1st Week - Discussion: Success; Is it Honey, Health, Happiness, Honor, 
Position, ^Tnat? 
Fireside Speaker; Business I-'ian. 
Subject: "Success" V/hat -'ill Yc^ Be Ten Years From Now" 

.2nd V;eek - Discussion: "Attitude toward work; Making Good or 
just getting by." 

Fireside Meeting: Scys and Bosses Uight. Boys vs Bosses. 
Indoor Game fol''^or;3d "by S'vim. 

Speakers A Boss - "Wha-o .ve Expect From. T"ne Boys." 
A Eoy - "If I '.'fere A Boss." 

3rd Week - Discussion: "The Essentials of a Good Job." E:cplain Find 
Yourself Campaign Plans. 
Fireside Speaker: "Vocational Guidance Expert. 
Subject: "Considerations in Choosing a Life Work" Educational Movie, 
Give out Self Analysis Blanks) 

MONTHLY PROGR/uM Y-E-B (Continued) 

4th. Week - Discussion; How National leaders Povind Themselves" 
Report by iDoys on leaders they choose, (Suggestions: Schwah, 
Woolworth, Carnegie, Reynolds, Edison, Bell, Ford, Burhank, Etc) 

City Wide Rally: Central Y to hear Inspirational Address 
on "Beys to Success"* Self Analysis hlanks to be turned 
in filled out. Followed hy Athletic Meet and Swim. 

(Family Relations) 

1st Week - Discussion: "Family Ralaticns": V.'hat do working fellows 
O'.ve to their hoiaes". 
Fireside Meeting: Father and Son Night. Indoor Ball game, 
Fathers vs Sons, followed by Swim, 
Talk by a Dad: "I>(iy best Pal, Son" 

" " " Son: "l^V "best Pal, Dad". Social times and re- 

2nd Vfeek - Explain and launch World Oatlook Club. 
Fireside Speaker: Foreign Y Secretary. 
Subject: "Boys Of Other Lands" 

3rd Week - Discussion: "Girls" Sex and Life, 
Fireside Speaker: Doctor. 

Subject: "The Importance of a Clean Life," Use Gov*t charts. 
Sex„ Ed. Movie. 

U-th Week - Discussion: Sex and Manhood; A . Clean Life, 
Fireside Spealcer: A Well qualified xvoman speaker. 
Subject: "The Ideal Boy From A t-irl's Point of View". 

5th Week - Discussion: Sex and Religion - Conquering Temptation, 
Fireside Speaker: Minister. 
Subject: How to Fight Ten^ptation and V7in. Movie. 

Special Events: Inter-Club and Inter-Post Basketball 

Elimination tourn?.ment. St. Patrick's Day Social ( Pals or 
girls, if desired) Water Carnival. 

(Vital Religion) 

1st Week - Discussion:Reiigion: Definition; Spiritiial Nature 
of I»Ian. 
Fireside Speaker: BusinessMan 
Subject: Religion and Business, 

2nd Week - Discussion: The Ch-jrch and The Place of a Young Man 
In It. 

Fireside Speaker: Minister 
Subject: "The Church And \7hat It Offers Young Men." Movie. 


MONTHLY PP.CGHiiM Y-E-B (Contimaed) 

3rd Week - Discussion: Stories of Tv/ice Born Men; Report by 
boys on man whose lives have been completely changed 
because of their religious av;alcening. 
Fireside Speaker: Reformed Ganibler or other similar type. 
Subject: Religion and vjhat it has Meant to Ivle. 

Uth Vfeek - Discussion: Religion^ of the world and Christianity. 
Fireside Meeting: Religious program and rally at Central 
Y - City Wide, followed by personal interviews and urging 
boys to unite with Church of their c?ioice. 

Special Events: Easter Week; Go To Church Stampede. 

Social and Mock Trial, Try president for non-performance 
of duty* 

(Rscreation that Recreates) 

1st Week - Discussion: Recreation that Recreates. Show how 
horrie, friends, movies, church, etc. Can all be made to 
contribute in the best way toward one*s recreation. 

Fireside Speaker: Physical Director, 

Subject: Recreation. 

2nd Week - Discussion: (Open) 

Fireside Speaker: Expert Sv;, 
sub ject : Swimming and Life Saving. 

3rd Week - Discussion: Mother, and TH/liat she Has Meant To Me" 
Urge boys to send cards or flov'/ers to Mother on Mothers' 

Fireside Meeting: "Mothers" night (Sisters included) 
Swimming Carnival in Tank. Social time; refreshments » 

4th Week -■ Discussion: "How to Make The Profitable" 
Fireside Meeting: Final Rally -of all Clubs for the year. 

Special Events: CITY WIDE TRACK MEET. 

Picnic (with girls) in park or forest preserve) 

Plan for camps and special events thru summer, and wherever 

possible hold club in tact for summer program* 


■- % 


The auxiliary gyinnasi-um of the Sears 
Roebuck Departirent Y.M.C.A. is reserved 
for the use of Employed Boys Brotherhood 
Posts at scheduled periods, when the boys 
report to thoroughly trained physical 
directors. ^' A short snappy workout is 
enjoyed after which the boys follow a set 
program previoiasly decided upon at the 
Leaders Forum. Indoor Baseball, Basketball, 
wrestling, group games, gyranastic drills, 
track events and swimming all have their 
place in the programs. 




At intervals during the season competitive 
meets are held when all Posts are represent- 
ed by their best athletes. The winners in 
these meets will represent the Department 
in the City Wide Athletic and Swimming Meets. 
The first of these will be a Track, Field 
and Swimming Meet to be held on Saturday 
September 23d, on the Athletic Field of 
the Sears Roebuck Depto 

October 22nd to 2Sth will be health week for 
Y-E-B. The boys' ambition should be to be 
in prime physical condition and to keep fit. 
jgiese six qualities should be sought if the 
full vigor of manhood is to be achieved; 
muscular strength, endiirance, energy, will 
power, courage, self control. Capt. Robert 
F.Scott, who reached the South Pole in 1921, 
gave the world a wonderful record of endur- 
ance , ener^, will power eind courage. When 
Livingston faced the dangers of fever, sun- 
stroke, vvild aninals, and savages, and travel- 
ed the thousand miles into the heart of 
Africa, all the qualities of vigorous man«- 
hood were necessary. Lincoln, as a youth 
could sink an as deeper into a log than any 
other man in the commonity. He could outlift, 
otiikWDrk, and out '.-Testle other men. He 
showed vigor of manhood. 

Talks, illustrated lectures, charts, exhibitions. 
First Aid Demonstrations, systematic daily 
exercises, government bulletins. Red Cross 
Booklets, Y.M.C.A. pamphlets are used dioring 
this week to interest the boy further in 
keeping himself in abundant good health. 


The week of Benjajnin Franklin's birthday is 
comneaorated by a great National Movement 
for education in Thrift. It is a week in 
which the thrift forces of the country are 
mobilized to give this important subject 
the emphasis of nation-wide publicity. 
Thrift will be the Y-E-B theme for January, 
Practical talks Poster displaj's, leaflets. 


budget books, all have their place in Y-E- 

B efforts in Thrift. Wednesday night, January 17th, 

Benjamin Franklin's birthday, the second 

city-wide rally, this time with thrift as 

the special emphasis; will be held in 

Central's Auditorium, when one of Chicago's 

great Bank Presidents will tell the boys how 

to save. 


During September, special emphasis should be 
placed upon the necessity of continued ed- 
ucation. Boys will naturally thinJf in terms 
of education at that time for many of their 
acquaintances will retiirn to school. Our 
working boys should know that the body is 
servant of the mind; that it obeys the op- 
erations of the mind, whether the thought 
be deliberately chosen or automatically ex- 
pressed. At the bidding of unlawful thought 
the body sinks rapidly into disease and decay; 
upon the -oxge of clean and constructive thoughts 
the body becomes clothed with youthfulness 
and beauty. "A sound mind in a sound body" 
is not only a maxim: it can be made a reality. 

During these 
night school 
high schools 
Libraries, c 
courses , the 
benefits of 
Post Leader 
interest his 
educat ion. 

days of continuation schools, 
s, Y.M. C.A. evening grammar and 
, Correspondence Courses, City 
irculating libraries ,Ffee lecture 
se days when a boy can gain the 
further education offers, every 
should do S'll in his power to 

boys in continuing their 



Once a month there will be a special social 
event, either for each post individually or 
a combined party of all posts. These events 
will include overnight hikes, corn-roasts, 
Halloween Pow-Wov, Hard Times Party, Christmas 
Party, Stunt Night, Minstrel Shows, St. Patrick's 
Party, Fathers Night, Boys and Bosses night, 
Mothers Night, etc. 

On Wednesday night, February Seventh, boys of 
all Posts will entertain their bosses. There 
will be an Indoor Baseball game. Boys vs 
Bosses, followed by a swim for all. At the 
Fireside Meeting following the swim, the boys 
will have charge of the program, calling on 
one or two of their bosses for remarks. 
This is one of the events of the Find Yourself 
Campaign to be conducted during Febiruary and 
marks a distinct effort to improve the rel- 
ation between the boys and their errployers. 






A Minstrel sho-.v for the 1307$ and given Ijy 
the boys themselves will give all "boys an 
opportunity for the development and express- 
ion of any talent which they nay have. It is 
also planned to give a Minstrel Show on a 
loop stage. Posts of all departments in the 
city to furnish talent. The proceeds from 
the show will be set aside as a fund for an 
Employed Boys Summer Camip. 

Two or three times during the year the Y-E-B 
members will be at hom.e to their Pals. 
There will be special mass games in the 
auxiliary gymmasi-um, a swim for all, and a 
special entertainment program at the Fireside 

At a date in May to be decided upon by the 
Leaders Forum all Posts will unite to enter- 
tain their best Pals, Their Mothers and Sisters, 
The boys themselves will give a special program 
including a swimming carnival, and enjoy a 
Social time with their Mothers and Sisters. 

The last Wednesday in February will be Father 
and Son Night, when the boys will bring their 
Fathers to enjoy the evening at the "Y" with 
them. There will be Indoor Baseball and 
Volley Ball games - Fathers vs Sons, followed 
by a Swimning Exhibition and a swim for all. 
At the Fireside Meeting there will be talks 
b}? one or two of the Dads, and by their Sons. 

Underneath the fun and mischief, noise and dirt 
of the working boy, beats a haart that responds 
quickly to the appeal of religion, especially 
if the appeo.l is in the form of doing worth- 
while deeds. Oliver Wendell Holmes has this 
in mind when he writes: 

"You hear that boy laughing? You think he's 
all £un; But the Angels laugh, too, at the good 
he haa done." 

Religion to a boy does not mean sit still and 
be good; it means get up and do good. 

The essence of the "Go-To-Church Stampede" is 
to urge boys to join the churches of their 
choice and after they join, to get in and work 
for the church. No better month cotild be 
selected for this project than April with the 
significance of Easter. 

It is planned to have as the last City Wide 
Rally of the year, to have a big meeting for 
all Employed Boys at Central Department when 
the subject of "Vital Religion" will be 
presented by a nationally known speaker. 





Metropolitan Boys' 
Work Secretary, 
Y M C A 
New York 

The first objective of Y-E-B is "The right Job Now— The 
Wise "^yocation im i'/ne futvire". To aid the boy in his self- 
discove'Ti ^'he Y-E-B "Find YovTself" Campaign will epen 
with a "banquei: in :"he A-aditori-um at Central Department 
to all interested boys, We.inesday evening, February 21, 
1923. Inspirational addresses and the "Find -Yourself" 
presentation follows the banquet. Self analysis Blanks 
will be filled out by the boys that evening and return 
returned to the Employed Boys' Secretary. 

Successful business Een from all walks of life will in- 
terview the b»ys during the week that follows, and help 
them in their voyage of self-discovery. Vocational guid- 
ance is not a science but it is scientific in that it 
seeks one to discover just that particular form of life 
work which promises most to insure for that individual 
the greatest values of life* 

"The Heart of the "Find Yourself" idea is in the per- 
sonal interviev/. Here it is that boy who is sufficiently 
concerned about his future to meet an appointment, sits 
down with a business or professional man who is suffic- 
iently interested in the future of boys to give his time 
and energy in this definite way. 

Evidently these two—boy and man — sitting down together 
for a half hour, have something in conmon, they are both 
interested in the BoyU highest success. 

Each has something to contribute to the interview. The 
boy -bring youth, latent capacities, anbition, desire to 
learn; the man brings experience, sympathy, a record of 
achievement, a desire to imipart information. That is a 
fine meeting ground, svirely. It is easy to hold an inter- 
view under circumstances like these. 

Of co-'Jirse these t'vo are usually strangers. The Man 
should have learned something of the boy from the self^ 
analysis blank which has come to him in advance. That 
suggests that the first thing to do is to get acquaiated. 
All acquaintance can usually be effected in the first 
five minutes by getting the boy to tell what he is in- 
terested in. That is much more important, in these first 
moments than anything else. 

That leads up to the questions which are in the boy's 
mind. Vfiiy did he seek this interview? TOiat are his 
needs? He may not be able to tell these needs fully; he 
may be groping. But the man may be able to discern the 
boy's needs— and that is the first step toward giving 
him help. 

Perhaps his greatest needs will not be the ones most 
easily discovered; they nay lie deep, rather than on 
the surface. They are worth searching out. 

Many a boy needs a change in attitude more than he 
needs a change in program. Many a misfit can be adjust- 
ed to fit properly into the position he now has. 

"sometimes there is deep down below the vocational prob- 
lem one that has to do with the moral issues in life. 
It's a grea-t thinf? for a man to be able to discover this 
without losing the nevv grip of confidence betvjeen the boy 
and himself. 

"If some of our great business experts are rijpht, ai:d the 
big world needs real religion more than it needs anything 
else, perhaps this boy needs religion, too-genuine funda- 
mental religion, with heart power and brain power in right 
proportions. It isn't a tine to talk creeds of course. 

"Perhaps he needs social adjustment; many boys of this 
age do. Frequently the man can discover this and give 
him real help — even in a half hour. 

"Certainly this boy should see his \7ay more clearly v/hen 
he leaves the interviewer. He ma3' or may not see his next 
step; but his goal ought to be clearer. And his ambition 
to reach that goal should be stronger, and more deep-seated 
his willingness to pay the price of real success. 

"Frequently it will happen that the intervie.7 has not 
carried the boy far enough. Possibly the interviewer will 
choose to meet him again, or prefers to have him meet some 
other man. This will be noted on the interviewer's report 
blank and passed on to the secretary in charge. 

"For after all, the personal interview is not the end, but 
just the beginning. 

"It's a great privilege to sit do\vn with a boy and help 
him straighten out his course in life, if so be he has 
been tacking aimlessly up to now. 

"No greater privilege is likely to come to a man than the 
privilege of helping a boy to find himself." 




















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The purpose of this blank is to help older boys and young men locate their natural interests and capacities, 
particularly those which tend to show vocational tendencies. 

Do not hurry. Selecting one's vocation is serious business. 

Be thoroughly honest. Your own particular abilities arc what you are seeking to discover. 

Let your answers indicate your present interests and ambitions for the future. 

Ask questions of your leader if in doubt at any point. 


Date...- - _ _ 

1. Name Age 

2. Home address - 

3. Where "born and brought up"? - _ 

Which do you like better, living in city or country? _ _ 

Why? - 

4. Nationality of father Mother 

Are both living? If not, which is living? _ 

5. Does anyone look to you for financial support, wholly or in part? „ , 

6. Occupations of father and other members of the family 

7. Are you employed regularly or are you in high school? 

8. Lost how much time recently from ill-health? - - 

Have you any physical handicaps? - — 

9. What system of savinj; do you have? Bank account Insurance Investment in Liberty Bonds, live stock, etc.. 

10. Is your family Catholic, Protectant, or Hebrew? _ 

.\re you a member of a church? Do you attend Sunday school of any kind regularly? 


1. .'\m I independrnt and self-reliant; do I like best to lead (in work, games, groups, or "stunt") or am I happier when another 
leads and I follow and help? _ 

Think it over like this, — 

Would 1 rather be captain, the directing head? „ _ _ 

Or, would 1 just as soon have some leadership but not too much responsibility? 

Or, would I much rather do the actual work myself, (as mechanic, farm worker, salesman, artist) and lei someone else 
do tile ilireclin;; and the worn'ing? „ „ 

2. Am I a team man, can 1 cooperate? _ _ 

.3. Do I lake particular delight in discovering my own way to do things? _ _ _ 

4. Am I naturally obedient, folliiwiiic instructions readily? Or, do I like pretty much 

to rely on my own judgment? _ 

(Answer honestly, both kinds of boys are needed) 

5. Is it dilTicult to make my mind slick to a particular thing at a particular time? 

6. Do 1 make u strong finish? „ or ipiil rather easily? 

Copyrijtlit, 1930, by tin* IiitrriuitJounl Cnininilliio i>( Yoiinji Mimi'n Cliruttjnn \iiaocintinnii. 

7. Is it easy and interesting for me to make new friends? 

Or, do I enjoy more, old friends and acquaintances? _ 

8. As a rule, am I happier when I am with other people? or when I am alone? 

9. Can I get along with most people? .What sort of person annoys me most? 

10. Thinking it over carefully, would I rate myself as extra good, fair, or poor on the following m!atters: 

(Note: Put a check ( /) under Extra Good, Fair, or Poor for each quality in the list.) 

Extra Good 



Enthusiasm (Full of earnestness or zeal) 

Carefulness (Conscientious attention to details) 

Punctuality (Being on time) 

Honesty (Acting on the square, not somewhat lax) 

Energy (Having drive and punch) 

Thrift (Saving, not being an easy spender) 

Hopefulness (Cheerful rather than gloomy) 

Self-Confidence (Not over dependent on others) 

Persistency (Stick-to-it-iveness) 

11. (a) Have you any habits which you feel might keep you from the largest success in life? 

(b) Would you like help or suggestions about avoiding or overcoming certain habits or temptations?.. 


1. What do you like best for amusements and recreation? Check your favorites. 







Card Games 

Basket Ball 
Track Athletics 
Keeping Pets 
Pool or Billiards 

Hiking (boys only) 
Parties and Picnics 

(girls included) 
Group Games 

2. Of the following subjects, check those most interesting to you. Cros 





Drama Music 

Latin Free Hand Drawing 

French Poetry 

Public Speaking 




Manual Training Mechanical Drawing 

Trade Courses Art Studies 

General Farming Pattern Making 

Poidtry Raising 
Truck Farming 
Stock Breeding 
Fruit Growing 

3. Past or present hobbies 

4. What kind of moving pictures do you like? 

5. Of all the books you have read, which two or three do you like best? 




Horseback Riding 






Add Any Others 

W restling 

ut any you particularly dislike. 











General Science 


















6. What magazines do you read and enjoy most? _ _ 

7. How do you spend most of your leisure time? _ _ 

8. Have you ever thought of the difference between having money to spend and the possibility of making money go to work for 


9. If you could choose now the occupation you would like to be engaged in ten years from today, what would it be?.. 

10. Do you think you have reasonably good natural ability for this kind of work? , 

11. Are you willing to sacrifice present pleasure in time and money to fit yourself for better things in the future? 

12. Look over the following list of differing types of work. Check one in each pair ij you are interested. 

Outdoor work 
Inside work 

In business for self 

Connected with some "going" concern 

Regular schedule 
Irregular periods for work 

Dealing with people 
Working with things 

Skilled manual work 
Work primarily mental 

Similarity in tasks 
Variety in work 

Changing from place to place 
Sticking to one location 

13. Have your parents or friends suggested any particular career for you? What career?.. 

What do you think of their suggestion? 

14. Check any of ilie following occupations in which you are especially interested.- 



Plumber and Steam Fitter 


Photo Engraving 





Auto Mechanic 




Stone Mason 

Cabinet Worker 


Sheet Metal Worker 



Wireless Operator 




Merchant Marine 


Building Superintendent 

Motion Picture Photographer 







Business Executive 

Traveling Salesman 

Retail Salesman 

Sales Manager 

Private Secretary 




Certified Public .Accountant 

Civil .Service 


Railroad Mail Qerk 



Newspaper Man 
-Social Worker 
Y. M. C. A. 
Physical Kduration 
Charity Worker 

15. Can you pivr any outstanding reasons for those particular selections? 


Interior Decorator 
Industrial Designer 

Textiles, carpets, rugs, linoleums, 

wall paper 
Pottery Decorator 

Magazine and Book Illustrator 
Commercial .\rtist 
Musician or Music Teacher 
Landscape Gardenei 







Civil Engineer 

Mcclianical Engineer 

Structural Engineer 

Electrical Engineer 

Mining Engineer 


Sanitary Engineer 



.Slink Raising 


Veleriuarv Surgeon 



Special Questions Supplemental to 

"Self-Analysis Blank for Vocational Guidance" 
(Fill out and insert in Self-Analysis Blank) 


1. What is your present work? 

2. Like it or dislike it? and why? 

3. How did you happen to quit school? 

At what grade did you finish? 

4. How many years at work? 

5. What was the weekly wage of your first job? 

6. What do you get per week now? 

7. How many different jobs have you had since leaving school? 

8. Do you attend either night school or part time day school? 

9. Do you do any kind of studying now? Such as 

General Reading Vocational or Self-Help Reading- 
Public Night School Private Night School 

Y. M. C. A. Night School Correspondence Course 

10. Do you have opportunity to study during your work hours? 

11. About how much of your salary do you keep to spend on yourself? 

12. Are you handy with tools? If so, can you do a neat workmanlike job? 

13. Are you a member of an Employed Boys' Brotherhood or similar club? 

14. What is the nature of your present employer's business? _ 

Boy's Name If"^' Interviewer 


Copyrighted, 1920, by Tbr Inlernatioiul Committee of Young Men's Chriitian Anoeiitioiu 

Published (or 



ASSOCIATION PRESS, 347 Madiion Avenue. New York 



VOC AT lO ^ 

Chicago Vocational Guidance Campaign 
Beginning March 8, 1921 

Whenever possible interviews should be held in ihe evenings during the 9 day^ March 8- 16 inclusive. 
1 will be available for interviewing 

Tuesday, March from _^ to ^ _^_^_^ 










I will consider ihe above as definite engagements and will hold myself ready to interview boys with reference lo their personal 
problems, at such times as I have indicated. I understand that I will be informed of the place of the interview. 
I will try lo be present at the Interviewers' Meeting on call. 

My business is .^ 

I can give expert advice on the following vocations also 

Dale. _ 




ness address 


Chicago Vocational Guidance Campaign 


this will introduce . 

He is scheduled to meet you on 
at Place 


NOTE-PIease be there, as per your agreement, ON TIME, 
as the interviewer is a busy man. 


Chicago Vocational Guidance Campaign 





7o'l.^St''e°;^e— -,--w^^^^^^ 




Article 1. 
The nane of this crgaaisstlon shall bo The 

Post cf thQ '*7" Saplcjed Bc^'s* 3rjtli6rhood. 

Artlclo !I. 

Tho Pnr~c9e strA ""bJact'TeB of tills "brothei^oo^. "^po: 

1. The ?.lght tTol) Now— tho wlso ▼;:«ation In t:io f^it-ira. 

3. C-cO'.' Z':-f.ei}^'V^rir'j-J:i\j-a t:vt v.lll hslp ^'■.u succeed. 

Z, "h7«lo.ol 7lecr>— istrenjjth for a ▼'.gcrous O'.roor, 

4« Tho arct'terV ^ilr't — 2 SinS'? 0' brut'i-rVvy-Jl v/'.t:. .•i'Ll nen, 

5. ?horou#i Eduo'itloct — «fc:ill In a vce .tion; geaoral ;<n!:?wl»dgg. 

6, 7ital ?sllelC'3!> — ri^ht rolatlcn to God aud yostr fello*<'S« 
7« foclal '^osr>on8"bllit;,'— thi t'jIu'3 of a cloan life for the 

acks of t',;© fLaily. 

8. Thrift— a s^ataaatlc ?lf»a of savlnc. 

9. ^cjrr-C«— iraat;lfis".lj sovfo otl.ors. 

ij»ticle VII. 

The Tledfe of th'o 3r':V)er?ioo<l v/hlcl; ovory bo^' ahall s' ga Uefcrc 
%ela£ oxinitte to ne^ber^!? s'lall "bo: 

As a monber 0' t::o ':nplo70d 3o;'8* 3rof-iorhood of 

The Post, ' prcpooe to si;.-3("i«i in xsi^ 

daily llfo for t;i3 *. deals, aad stondari u.onv^luoh tis 
3r:th :,rhoO'J Is btiSQ'l, ! f rt'ior i-rci'oso to si^r-jad t .y' r 
ideals and standards of daily living ataong n;' fellows, 
and t'-- tne an actWi part In tVjs progr:Vi e .d service 
of t"e 3r' therhcol. 


^\rt:ole IV. 

reetlon 1 . 

.'iVi' bo;' betwoo:. tli.e age of 14 and 17 i^oluslv-j 'a the «-iploy cf 

the sh'ill be sli5l"'lo for rae-aborshlp. A 

aajcrlty voto cf t'loso ::reaont at any r-35al-ir neotinj mall sloct 
to nerahorsM; . The r3Srnl»'5rshio In an^ ono post shall he lln'tod 
to twenty 

Cecticn 2 . 

Twto ccnsec ;tlYe at-sonocs, unsxG:isod b^ the leader, lead tc 

aa toraat 1 c ro s j^iat i vU. 

section ? » 

r*i8l>eh;..vlor C3* failiire tc uphol^l the Cb^eotlYos of the 3r tlierhood 

as onuaor .tod in .'.rtlclo TI calls for roaiffiatlon, 


Section 4. *J;:on trio rsslg-iatl .n cT o ;o non'ocr another na;^ "ba 
add! t ted b;/ -a •no^arltj vote aa in 'rtlclQ 17, 

Section 5. A meaber who loaves tho ora; loy of the 

Cceipan^ aa^- by majority voto of i'..e club 'bo rotaliiO'i as aa 
ss3"S'--to men%er, 'a siic'i ho af*^tall pn;' ro^^'^lriT a^os ru; I all 
sirtJOial asseBaaents, and ahvill be allowed -ill privllecoa exccR^'t 
po&or to vet© sad hold office. 

?*stlcn €'. BofoTC a ae?? ncrsboj- "be adt^iltt©-^' ho naet -it tend three 
consoantivc neotltnge of tiie club and be juallfled by tho ex- 
offlclo 91 cnscr, ?s In 'rt "'I. 

Article Y. 


Section 1. '^he doe ci' this 'oet s'lall be c^^ts p;r wrjok, 

jGir'able In adTjnco. 

Cectlon 2» Any laembor whose dues ?iro In arroars nore t';a.i t'ii'oe 
\5ee::9 ffusr^^M'ls himself until /.ws ^.ro pi"d, pl--s ^Ivc oouta fcr 
each tiroe weoha, 

Tticlo 71 
:f floor*. 

'i^eotion 1. The officers of ths est stiall be "resident, ?.Ig6 
President, Tecrotary, aid Treasurer, she shall constitute the 
"xocutivs Gcnnittee. 

Section 2. Cf^ioers shall be elect?'! v. ballot nt th^ first rseotlne: 
in October -i ;d '^-ril of eaoh yo-ar, sliall hold of'ico imtll 
their SJiCoesBcre have been duly eleotel sivi luallf led. 

'rtlcle 7TI 
IXities of If fleers. 

redtics 1, 7h>:' '"resldv^nt shall preside -st all meotinse cf the 
club, ai'i3 ' irecutlv© Goenltteti, "ini Cc^ duct 5ill business in collect 
parliaracr.tary fcr:n. ^oberts "l^lee of 'rder will be fGllc\?e'i. 

r«etica 2. Tiie Tiee-'resiuo'nt siiall x^rQaidc at all aactlncs in 
ab8a-:ice of t'le "resident, 

■^action ?• The Treasurer s^iall colleat all dsies aitd rioneys. 
He shall c'^vo r-eelrts for sisne, a id report sll bills tc ?3cecu- 
tlve Conraittft-? fr r sottlevsent. :ie shull itoop -a aoe-trat.'j accouat 

of 'ill ^.n^, 8» 

Section 4. Tho oOwtsry Btifill iroeio a record of the prcceodl:i;'?:s, 
call the roll at laeetla^s, eUd i^erfcm any othor duties relat'nc 
to h's office. 

■rticlo Till 

'^oeticn 1. Tho ^EiJtocutlira Ccraaltteo (at t:.Q Twsslnalttc of f seir tora 
f office) shsll haw power to ar>>:-c'at t!io follcs^lnj cccKnittt,.o9 for 
a tori 0* six mcnths. /ll ^-^Jolnfeiients aiiall ba f^provaJ bj tlM 
elu"b Isv-Jder. 

?«otIcn ?.• T!? ore will bo four ccmfttoos: ." T'evotloa^l., ''rii-iTal, 
Zducitional and h^slcal, oach con'::ltte':» ooaslstln:' of t?/o rier.a'bors* 

Section 3. The ^©votional ccsxiitto':- shall stt-mio fcr an^'thlng 
that ia devctional. 

'?©<rtion 4. The Social C<xs:.ilttoe shall arrsngQ all soci/il fanc^icns 
of tho club. 

Section 5« T&o "^ducatLnsl Cornittos 8:isl^- -srrsngo fcr artfth'ae 
th'it is ©.^uc'itirnril. 

?©otio« §, ?M "jgrslcsl Gonnlttoo ife\«ll arranc?? sch^dr.les, oTioobo 

the teoiis a id c-'itslas for saaa, OiiS be s:-5n0;rau \^ f.:'; Y^:.C.:. . 
atnlefclc instruotors. 

Sooticaai 7. ?i>eol5'l eanaittoos ".%' "fte appointed b„- the pr^sidont 
■with tha approval of t e Qlxxb» 

Syction O. TJie wcr^se of all ccraslttftss r:rast be r-itifierl b;' tho 
SxeoutiTe Co'rEilttee. 

Section 3. ?l^p sronscr aprclKtod V t'je Y.L'.C*/- . (an .Tt-. 10, 
?oo. 2) t9 to bo ex-officlo r^oabor cf all c<n::lt1; os. 

.^tiolo n 


Section 1, "^ogi-lar aoetlncs e^iall ba hell t^c'-W^. 

Eoctlon 2. ?r>90i&l n«)ot'njf5 -na-' bo ovillc^ b;- t"- « pre« ' ''. "ti*; or 
loader cr st the vrritton ro-iuesl of sla cr nore "«?^bors• 

irtlclo X 


T"ie 3yot'vr?r*50oJ shsll bav? as fi Toluutcor lesfl r ♦! Chr'sti^m rrscn, 
aiynpataotlc V7lth boi^hood snl far-lllor ?.'lt"i bus'.'ioss, imlvvstrlai 
£md educational conditions and! opt'Crttin'tles In tha co-'trramit;/. 
This leader Siall be dlreotly res:oas'blo to the :Sm?JoyQ<i 3c;-s 
Secretary . 

.^tlele SI 
£dWisorj CoXDicil 

Two Adnlt i-er8c:>B la tho o-T-loy ff tnc C-^nrifasi' Sii-ill 

oca5>ose tViO advleor^ council. :ne of Vies-s a">all fict n.a et~ 
■•fielo official sponscr fcr the club, The advieor^* ooxmoil 
' select the 'inolcy^ BojS loader. 


ill ffBoadbents to file conatltut'.cn ^ all be nror'oso-i In wrltliis. 
They ahail then be vcted vr-:\ nt fie no'-t r'-v^.nl r riootias* ^wo- 
f Irds vot9 shrill b« necsssar^' for Rdojjtion. 



Setting (Have all applicants for membership in room by themselves. Blind- 
fold and present to Keeper of the Keys. Instruct them to answer all 
questions quietly and directly. Each anplicant should be escorted 
hy a member holding his arm and whispering all instructions to 
ease and facilitate his movements. Before entering the Guide ex- 
plains this: 

"Before entering the Erriployed Boys' Brotherhood you want to under- 
stand that the service you are about to go thru is a serious and 
deeply religious ceremony. We have had o\ir fun. Now we will try to 
understand the significance of the organization. 'i7e hope it is not 
thru idle curiosity that you take this step. If it is, both you and 
we will "be disappointed, if you are saiious we shall all be helped. 
If you have the latter attitude you will so signify hy saying, "I 
come in earnest." Will you so state?" 

Applicant "I come in earnest." 

Gaide raps at door three times, loudly, slowly and regularly. 

Keeper (To Neophyte) "TTho seeks admittance to the sacred chamhers of the 
Employed Boys' Brotherhood?" 

Neophyte "John Henry Fish" (giving his name clearly). 

Keeper "V7hy do you seek admittance?" 

Neophyte "In order to better myself and help ray fellows." 

Keeper "Mno vouches for this comer?" 

Guide "I, sir," (giving full name) as your brother, and fellow rcemher." 

Keeper "Enter"(Guide "brings applicant in. Instructs him to kneel, signify- 
ing humility). "Neophyte, you are about to enter into the temple of 
the Employed Boys' Brotherhood, a holy organization. Arise, and 
with humble spirit, approach the Shrine of the most high servant of 
our order, the Servant Extraordinary. He will conduct you thru the 
sacred rites, and into the secrets of our holy order." (Guide con- 
ducts applicant around room and across smd up to the point in front 
of Servant Extraordinary position. Instructs him to kneel). 

Guide (To Servant Extraordinary) "Oh, most High Servant Extraordinary, 
this worthy neophyte has presented himself for membership in our 
holy order. He comes in a spirit of humility and with the purpose 
to better himself and help others with whom he shall associate. On 
his behalf I crave your majesty's favor." 

Servant Extraordinary to Guide "Have you satisfied yourself, "brother member 

trhat this comer has the qur.lities, the purpose, the virtues and the 
tcue spirit of unselfish service to his fellows that should warrant 
his coming among us? You ren.ernber that this order exists not for 
self but for others, .If he has this spirit, we welcome him to our 


"He has." 


Servant Extraordinary Cto Neophyte) "Arise Neophyte and show the worthy 

members of this order by yoiir answers to my questioning that you 
are sincere in your purpose, and werthy to "be one of us. Are you 
willing to accept the principles of this order and abide by its 

Neophyte "I am. " 

Servant 'Extraordinary "Will you seek to extend its helpful influence out 
into the world where you work and live." 

Neophyte "I will." 

Servant Extraordinary "Are you willing to sacrifice in time, money, and 
energy in so far as this order shall decide that its best in- 
terests may be served, and that others might be helped?" 

Neophyte "I am." 

Servant Extraordinary "Do you promise to keep within your heart the sacred 
principles of this order, and at no time to think lightly of its 
purposes; or to divulge its prcfovmd secrets?" 

Neophyte "1 do." 

Servant Extraordinary "Neophyte, by your declarations you give evidence of 
the proper interest in our order. We therefore are pBTSuaded to go 
further with you in the explanation of our principles and purposes. 
Did you ever try to make a rain'bow at home "by letting the sunlight 
pass thru a triangular piece of glass? Have you heard the old story 
too, that at the foot of the great rainbow there could be found a 
large pot of gold?" We should like to show you tonight a picture 
in which you, the rainbow, and the pot of gold will be the central 
figures, with God our heavenly Father the light in the picture, 
and Jesus Christ the prism. 

As the light of God's live for you shines thru the prism of Christ 
upon you, it reveals nine fundamental needs ^ which if spoiled, will 
develop your life into a thing of beauty. 

Place yourself, therefore, in the nine rays of light of this order, 
that each nay shine upon you and thru you, exposing your profound 
needs and explaining how these needs miay be adequately supplied." 

(Nine candles should be arranged in order to represent nine rays 
of light before each one of which sits a member who will give in 
order the following explanation of the nine ob jectivest. 'of the 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #1. 

Ray #1 "Newcomer, the happy rran is he who seeks and finds the Right Job 
for which he is best fitted in life and this means that he can 
give to the world thru his service a life rich in purpose and ef- 
fort, -- that his life work will be spent not in serving himself, 
and accumulating material things into which moth and rust may eas- 
ily go to destroy, but that his life work will be spent in bringing 
peactt into his own soul and comfort to his fellows. Is it your wish 
that your life may be so directed? 

Neophyte "It is." ,-, 

Guide conducts J.J3oph-"-te to Eay ir2. 

Tiay #2 "Newcomer, experierco proves that the fullest life can be lived only 
when the boy has a wall developed physique. As the tree cannot bear 
fruit except it ba supported by strong roots, strong trunk and strong 
branches, so the human heart cannot bear fruit in the war Id except it 
be housed in a strong body with red blood and abundait vitality. Is 
it your wish that you may possess this Physical Vi^jor ?" 

Neophyte "It is." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #3. 

Ray #3 "JTewcomer, symmetiy of Young Jlanhood depends largely too, upon what 

one does when he is by himself, what he thinks, v7hat he says, and what 
he does. During these hours of self occupation he must indulge in re- 
creation that re-creates — that rebuilds the worn mental nervous and 
physical parts and leaves him strong to do the next day's work better 
even than he has ever done before. Is it your aim always to indulge 
only in wholesome, clean recreation?" 

Iteophyte "It is." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #4. 

Ray #4: "Newcomer, as the mind of man controls the workings of his body, all 
development depends upon the keeness of his intellect. It therefojre 
behooves all of us to seek always intellectual training that v/e may 
rightly direct our destinies to something higher — that we may leave 
to the v/orld a munument in achievement of worthy deeds. Do you desire 
to acquire this intellectual growth?" 

Neophyte "I do." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #5. 

Ray #5 "Newcomer, it is well to desii^- all these things for one's ovm good, 
but each has a responsibility far beyond his own interests, a duty to 
his heme and his community. None of us can ever repay us. Nor can we 
repay fvilly our community for its part in our lives. V/e can in part 
by so living that our presence will be a blessing and a service to our 
homo, our community and nation, and to our posterity. Nothing short of 
our best will suffice. Do you wish to make these ideals of home ani 
nation, your ideals?" 

Neophyte "I do." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #6. 

Ray ,'^6 

"Newcomer, v;e should be considered poor indeed, if we did not remember 
our brothers not only in this great arii favored land, but also in the 
other parts of earth — many are less fortunate than v/e. I.^any do not 
have the benefits of an enlightened. Christian civilization; many need 
our help and our interest. V;e should remember them in our gifts and in 
our thots, that our lives might be t/ie richer and our s ervitie the greater. 
Is it your purpose to develop this spirit of brotherhood?" 

Neophyte "It is." 


C--.iae conducts Neophyte F.av #7. 

?.;.7 v? "ITev/comer, the Scriptures say that Jesus increased in wisdom and in 

stature ard favor with God ana. Man. Herein is stated the all sufficient 
rule to guide our pathv/ay thru life. Upon that broad basis, each of us 
may rear a life structure that v/ill stand the test of time. Not only will 
we excell mentally, physically and socially, but v/e will grow in f^vor 
with God. If we have the right attitude toward Him then our lives will 
be beautiful like the rainbow, our service to God and our fellows, large 
and helpful. It is your wish to grow in favor with God and in the ijiov/ledg'3 
of His plans for you?" 

Neophyte "It is." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray #8. 

Ray #8 ''Newcomer, opportunities always crane to young men as they gradually 

glean from their business experiences. Paramount among the elements 
essential to success is the ability of one to live within his income 
but to save systomaticly . Upon the Gibralter of Thrift flies the 
banner of achievoment. Is it your wish to acquire the habit of thrift 
and therefore provide for the years yet to unfold?" 

Neophyte "It is." 

Guide conducts Neophyte to Ray i>9. 

Ray #9 "Newcomer, all history glows with heros v/ho have lost themselves in some 
great Cause. Lincoln, Washington, Livingston, all practiced lives of 
Service. Each one of us, in our ovm spheres are daily presented with 
opportunities to be of unselfish service to others. A friend in need 
is a friend indeed. Is .it ya^.r desire to express your life in tenns of 

Neophyte ^"It is.'* . 

Guide taking candidate to Servant Extraordinary: "Oh, Most High Servait 
Extraordinary, this v/ortb|r candidate has passed the highest tests of our 
order and is eligible to be counted on of us." 

Guide removes blindfold. 

Servant. Extraordinary "Neophyte, since you have, proven yair right to the privil- 
eges and advaitages of our order , w eOc ome you as a fellow member. 
Henceforth we know you not as "Neophyte" but as "Brother." ''e hope 
that the sun works in t he world thiu your life, and the lives of boys 
that reflect His desire. "Ye are the light of the world." 

"As further evidence of yoi r :^ood faith, and as a constant reminder of 
the great principles and obligations of this order, you v/ill tiierexore 
repeat after ne the following pledge: "As a member of the Employed 
Boys' Brotherhood, I Purpose to stand in my daily life for thj idoals 
and standards of daily living among my fellows, .:.nd to take ai active 
part in the program and service of the Brotherhood." 

Guide pins pin on novv member. 

Servant Sxtraordim ry "This little pin '-vhich you no\/ receive is the emblem of our 
organization the S3nnbol of thentru-ths and principles upon which it is 

(Followed by handshaking and good follov/ship) . 



!!?liore are t?/o distinct stofB in the promotion of the pro- 
gram as outllaod. The first cf tliese is t'-e appi'ca^ to the 
employer, and the seccnu the ajiproach to the boys. 

Aa far as Tiossihle fie proc^'a-i ahonld "be intrcdnce-d into 
a plant or office onl^ u;on the invitation cf the CTnployer or 
personell man and v/i th the full approval of toth. ""hen an 
spproaoh is to be tnade to a ne.- oaaZar^ it is advis&hl^ that 
in somcj Indirect v/a;' the protjTsr as successfully proraoted in 
an:.'ther ccnpanj he 'brou2:^.t tc bhe attention Df the earlojor. 
This v<ill serve f-f? an oponinj; v-ottj;^ ad greatly aid in "putti.tii^j 
over" the first intervici; v.l th hurj. If ther: is soneono wi thin 
the organization v;ith whoa jrelLTiiupxy contacts may be node in 
purely a friendly v/ay, certain inforraaticn aay bo obtained T/hiCh 
will prove helpful. 

At the desirable tbae the Tnployed Boys '^ecretfiry ahotild 
call upon the onployer or tlie perscnsll rnnn and suc'-::est t'le id^a 
to hirs as a means of meeting the needs of boys in his employ. 
In most cases the srriloyer will apprecis-te an interest in his 
problems and the "ecretary C£.n do nc hotter t'lan tc listen 
sympathetically, Mth an occasicnel sn.ggestion as to hc^A' the 
proPTam cf the Association meets pr.rticnlar needs rrad the ff^eeess 
that has been attained in it :er inst'.indes. If tne interest of 
the employer wfcrrants it ( 3ncjfe:;cept In e::ceptional eaees it 
will be the fault of the Secretary if sjch interest is not 
aroused 1, an appoint?nent dh.';ul'I be ^lade for a second inte"^vieT; 
in the very near future. 

To the second interviev; the Secretary should bring a ccoy 
of the nrogram and it should te used as a basis for the presen- 
tation of the plan in detail, "he cbjectivos should be pointed 
out and one or two taken as samples to show hov; tliey are Cfxrried 
out. The V; rled activities -oro'jrsrn should be stressed. It si-iculd 
be pointed out that while the first Motive of the .issociatioii is 
to help the individual boy, that stodi developnent v/i 11 develop 
Mn intq4 better econixaio unit in the ousiness syste:! of tie 
concern, Cne of th© big probleris of the employer of boys is 
the frequaut tarn-over aiicng thora and he will izaaedlately respond 
to;estion that t?ii3 orgrmlaatlon snd progr3.i v;lll heop to 
develop an esprit de corps snonjr the boys, and because they 
come to Imov; each other better there will be created a desire to 
stick together aad nor'k tot'ethor, even as thej play together in 
representing tholr ""ost in one of the nany inter-post athletic 
contests promoted by the ."seociation. 

It is im ortant to point out further that a richer program 
can be provided aiid a better piece of v/elfare v?orlc can ho doue 
when the company and the Association works together than when 
either acts alone. 

The broad basis for the religious prograa i. e, ''that 
every fellyv; should attend his avm church regularly and oai'ry 
its religious teaciiings into his everyday life," should ser/o 
to set aside all siiggesticns that a diversity of creeds anoii^s 
the boys employed v;ill prove a handicap to the itvcgnm, 

1 thorougli fgmiliarit,/ with the content and vvorfcinc uut cf 
the program wilJ fortify the BQClnBtary v.-ith answers to most u.^; 


objection the ernployer may raise. The interviev; should not be 
prolonged beyond the time the employer desiros to give to it 
aid on leaving, the Oedretary should suggest t:mt the employer 
keep the outling of the prograa for further perusal at his 
leisure. However, prompt action regarding the matter should be 

PeiQission haviiig been granted by the canpany the first 
concern should be the selection of the advisory conaitteo and 
after they have become familiar with the program, their assistance 
should be requested in the organization of the Post. At this 
point there are two methods of procedure. One is to have the 
Bi^onsor call a meeting of all the boys in the employ of the ocnpainy 
at which time the program is outlined and the club organized. The 
other method is to pick two or three key fellows, explain the 
project to them, give then a vision of v*iat real leadership neans 
in the promotion of such a project among their fellows and then, 
having planted the seed, watch and constantly nurture its growth. 

Experience has proven the latter method to be by far the 
best in practically all cases. Sot that the first aethod ma^'- not 
sudceed, but in most cases it is found that t le aa^arently ad- 
mirable start; with lOOfo attendance at the first "meeting" if 
the ccmpulsory session attended by the boys without any knowledge 
of its purpose can be teiraed a meeting ugaally drops off until the 
few who are faithful soon lose interest throu^i the lack of 
enthusiaan of these fellavs. 

On the other hadd, starting v;ith a fe-v, and fostered not 

by the company but by the boys themselves the group will increase 

rapidly and v/ith proper attention soon be read^/ to take up the 
complete progra-^a. 


With the grcfup V7ithin t'.e nerabership the problea of pro- 
motion is Bonewhat different. In general it ha.3 been found beet 
to take the g7n class as the neucleus and ouganiae tlie club al-out 
that. 7.'7er^ effort should be made to ma^e t'le me bership posts 
the strongest cf all and an exaaple to the others, '"hile the 
primary objection cf the extension "osts should be the service 
rendered to the individuala mailing up that ^ost, yet the xjrograrn 
should be a aeans of educating than as to the oprortimities and 
priTileges offered by the Association and while tliey should not 
be required to do so, thero is no reason why tliey should not be 
encouraged to become ftill-privilege merbers of the Association, 
And a well-organized and active "ost, ar several shuch, v?ithin 
the raenbership should prove an additional attraction in this 
connection. Such a Post would be particularly attractive to a 
boy who has been a ne^iber of an extension T"ost a_id ta^en a new 
job with a comijany where a Post is not orsanized/ The menbership 
fee should bo within teach of tho averc^ge boy - for the present 
in flhlciigo that rate should not exceed approsinately ten dollars. 

Advertising is a phase of promotional work that has not 
been very fully developed as yet but a means which can be made 
exceedingly useful not only in the estnblis'jnent of additional 
Postf , but in the increase in the nuraber of wcr'<:ing boy n«3bers 
in the Association. In the last analysis the anployer who fully 
appreciates the value of the program to his boys, and 100^ of 
boys enthusiastic over and tlioroueJily interested in the progfran 
are the beat means of advertisement. 

Tlie attached folders are sa'nplea of the advertising x^ut 

cut by Central Denirtnent , Chicago regarding their Dnployed 307s 
Program. -._ 

Nothing Like 
A Good Hike 

with a 

Good Bunch 

to strengthen 

the muscle* and 

broaden the smile. 

C-E-B enjoys 
the beat of fun. 


C-E-B works for 
— Clean Speech 
—Clean Sports 
—Clean Habits 

For further information, 
nnd membership cards, see 


Social Secretary 

ROOM 200 

19 S. La Salle SL.Chicajo 


Central Department 

The Young Men's 

Christian Association 

OF Chicago 

For Boys Who Work 

What is the The Central Employed Boy's Broth- 
C-E-B? erhood is an organization of boys 

who work. Through its program 
an all round boy is developed ^vho will become 
a real man, doing a real job. 

Who Can Any fellow 14 to 17 years of age. 
Join? inclusive, who is of good moral 

standing and who works, can be- 
come a member after reading and understand- 
ing the objectives and the purpose pledge and 
by signing them. He is voted in at a regular 
meeting of the Brotherhood. 

What's The C-E-B Progiam is built about 

Doing? the nine objectives which take in 

all phases of a working boy's life. 
C-E-B is composed of several "Posts" which 
meet separately. Tuesday Noon Lunch Rally 
brings all "Posts" together for a Brotherhood 
message. Teams of all kinds, talks, hikes, social 
times, thrift campaigns, "Find Yourself" cam- 
paigns, minstrel show. Bosses' Night, etc. 

Does C-E-B Yes, the Brotherhood has an initi- 
Have An ation, handshake, pin, etc. One will 
Initiation? certainly know that he has been 
somewhere after he has been put 
through. He also will find out that a C-E-B 
men^ber is a Real human fellow. 

The The cost of membership in C-E-B 

Cost is measured in three ways. First, 

it will cost a fello'w some effort to 
develop along progressive lines. Second, it will 
cost him a small amount of cash each month 
for dues, which amount is decided upon by each 
Post. Third, it will cost a fellow some time in 
being of help and service to his fellowmen. 

The Objectives of C-E-B 

I. Vocational We believe that every boy 
Guidance. should have an opportunity to 

choose his own life work early 
and wisely. 

II. Recreation We believe in good times that 
That make you a better workman__the 
Recreates. "day after the night before. 

III. Physical We believe that a fellow should 
Development. "start right" by developing a 

clean strong body through sys- 
tematic exercise and athletics. 

IV. Universal We believe that every boy is 
Brotherhood. born free and equal and that a 

Brotherhood spirit should pre- 
vail among us. 

V. Mental We believe that a fellow should 
Training. strive to be a better workman 

through the training of his 
mind — How much are you worth 
from your "neck up' ? 

VI. Religion. We believe that every fellow 

should attend his own church 

regularly and carry his religious 
teachings into his everyday life. 

VII. Family We believe that all boys should 
Relations. have a definite responsibility in 

the home and do all possible lo 
make "his home" the best home. 

VIII. Thrift. We believe every boy should 

earn all the money he can hon- 
estly — should have a regular plan of 
saving and giving as well as earning. 

IX. Service. We believe that Iboys should ex- 

press their lives in terms of 
unselfish service for others — To lose 
one's self in a great cause. 

member of the Brotherhood one sub- 
scribes to the above objectives. 


A 'broad outlino of the or^! saticn of the wcrk can bo 
best understood "by consulting tho c^-^rt ecntciinod in the ::rc{jram 
prospectus, '^!be (Jenoral Activities Ooixiittue or Uiployed Boys 
C(»2.'aittee wherg t'ae progron is a distiiict Boys Sep^rtnent Feature, 
with the :iTiploy©d Beys VBCiietav^ , vro directly responsible to 
the Coar.iittee of Ilana^nent £uid its lilxecutlTe Secretaoi'y for the 
projection and carrying en of t'.,e pro^ran. 

Under the direction and tutllage of the Saployod Boys 
Secretary are the adult leaders of tha v .rious groups, 'hlle on 
scae phases of the xjrograjn t'.OBj raon may be directed as a group 
yet, generally si^alring:, the 'iaployod Boys Secrotsiry must coach 
than individually avid at their Ccnvenicivce. It Is Edviaable 
however, for this group to :aect at least once a raonth tc ccapare 
notes, discuss prograras and perfect ; lans for t>ie various activities 
that concern and include the entire group. iV £pod 
speaker, or perhaps a leading bey frorn one of the Posts to tsll v;hat 
the progran has rneant to him, viill ad: the inspirational ncto nooos- 
sary to tids neoting. 

Another group , the importance of which should be stressed 
is the Covmcil of "Yeoido-its. It should set up its own int3m;il 
oreanization and as a group should feel the responsibility for 
malting the pirogran really count in their c.;ix grou:' and for K'i.e 
100^ attendaiica ofj/ihe'iT res^.octivo losts at all fiuictions promoted 
for the entire Brotherhood, ileetiags o'' this group s}iould be held 
monthly- or aftener and the program in addition to the regular 


routine of 'business should havo distinctive and v/orth-whlle 
inspirational and social features. !rhe liaployed Boys Secretary, 
assisted by one or more of the lor^d rs, sliould be directly res- 
ponsible for the cultivation and direction of this group. The 
attached "Weekly Bulletin" is a saai^e of the laeans adopte-l by 
Central Departnent for keepin:, their leadeirs and presidents 
Informed as to syeciel activities. 

L f5nal group drewn fro.-n all "'osts in tho Inner Circle 
made up of the Chairmen of the Christian 5er-/ice Carraittoes of 
each ?ost. In assuming the pesponsibility for the religious 
phase of the progran, this r^cw- should be asde to realize that 
frcra the point of view of effectivo and worth while wor:^, their 
phase of the prograTi is t'lo I'ceystone to the wh^le plan. As suggested 
t':i8 ^-ould be a definitely relic^-ous group ?/'lth its supreme 
objective that of porscnal ovan^pelian, each one pledging himself 
to worlc in a quiet yet definite v/ay to win Ms oonra 'os to Christ 
and to th^ churches of their clioice. ' hore other meabcrs of the 
devotional Ccmraittoo, or of the T'^ost are particularly int^^rested 
in this phase of tlie vor's, the.; sould be invited to Join this 
Inner Circle group. 

As suggested in the diagrsa the posts naturally fall into 
two groupings, I.e. those inside the building aiid these outside 
the building, or in other words the nenbership and the nca-inaTi- 
bership or e;''-tensiou posts. Cthor divisions of certain groups 
may be necessary under certain circuxi stances. In tho f 'rst place 
Tshere boys hetv.eeu f e ages of fo-rteen and fifteen are eraployed 
by a ocni rjtiy in which a post is organ! zea,^oy8 should be crga- 

nized into a Junior post, distinct fron the other group aiid as 
far as possibl-r: festered "bj- tlii o I der group. Also it has "been 
found that the Tsoy from the office a i the 'ocj from the shop, 
partic-jlarl" wher- they ar erxolo^ed b„^ tlio sane ccra_ iirv cannot 
sat'sfactoril:; "bo Includod '^dthin the saae post crganiKatio/i, 
and wherever possible t7.-o distinct "osts should be ur2L'j\lzed. 
The Internal organisation of oach oot in dealt with in 
detail ii; the sanple ecnstitution included in the project prosram 
and is practically self-exi)lariatory. t;: framing the ecnstitution 
under no oircu-a stance a should the sanple given be submitted 
complete to f.e feroup, but a coiaiaittee should be af'pointed 
to fran the constitutioxi v;ith the 'Sniloyed 3cys Secretary ona 
should be draivn u;- to meet the needs of the particular """est, t]ie 
Secretary aerely offering suggestions frcn the model r?hich auy 
well servo as a basis. In this, as in all other phases of the 
program, the boys sliould be Tiade to feel that t'-.e or^.'mi.^atlon and 
its activities is entirely theirs, sno a studied effort should be 
made on the part of both the Secretary aaid the leaders to c-raplete- 
ly avoid the attitude that they are foist ingfecnethlnc; over onto 
their respective groups. 

^ 3 






Weekly Bulletin 



R. W. Staud 
Director anited Y M C A Schools 

will te the subject for the C-S-B ni5eting, 
Satui'da.v evening, November 18th at 6:45, 
19 S. La Salle Street. 

Special illustrations and charts. 

Definite plans will be made for & C-E-B 
basket ball league. If you have a team 
you will wr.nt some yells. 

Get busy J 

Gym and swim as usual 

j^ll OT;'.t for a good time/ 

P» II. Pis her. 


Eegarding this iraportant phase of the progran Ur. Hoblnson 
sa^^s: "Importaat an is a demoorutic fcra of organization aunong 
the hoys thanselfes, even more productive of that afenosphere that 
helps older boys to fifeht winning battles in the presence of a 
group of splendid Christian young men in actual daily touch v;ith 
the v;orklng boys. These young men, selected ;ror their virility 
their democratic spirit, their sympathy v/lth and liking for 
boys of this group will be the hinaan means by which the secrotary 
in chr.rge will ioultiply himself". 

Bu enlisting ten sich men, giving them a v" sion of the 
possibilities and a working loiowledge of the pro::,Tan, the secret.^^ 
can extend the sphere of personal ccaradeship counsel and 
inspiration to two hundred boys instead of ^proximately thirty 
that he could reach single handed. 

Ltr. Hobinson further suggests four rer^ tanglblo thin^ 
essetitial to success in enlisting these volunteer leaders; 

1, Using great ere in selection. 

Zm Training them in a few of tiie simpler principles and 
methods of Boys* "ork, and Uible teaching 

3» GiTing them groups of boys sufficiently small iB rmnber 
not to overtax the resources of t le inexperienced nan. 

4. Coaching the men for months after they are actually' zt 
the work. 

The following sugf;:e8tion3 for leaders as outlined in t e 
"Manual for Leader? of 3aployed Bo.vs Club" issued by the llinnesr- 
polls Abscoiation are deserving of consideration here: 

First. 39 natural, 50 not meet your group with the attitude 
of the teacher or that of tha professional nan. If you arc uneasy 
(to not permit It to become evident. Be friendly and genuine. In 
order to do this, be one of tnen. Usg their Isinsuase. ' ove 
everything else avoid dictating or any other autocratic methods 
fran the very beginning. Vrluo the opinion aid sr.^^jestions of 
your group and do everj'th'ng in a most denocrntic nanner. "^lan 
v/ith them as ncaiy good tiiaos as posslhle of a recreational and 
social nature. Th- s is tlio thine lac'iine; in tl-o life of the 
anployed boy aiid the thing he needs possiblo most of all, because 
unless he is given this we cannot liold a;id develop his interests 
in ot .er things. 

Second. Do not think of yourself so .nadh as the leader 
but as the friend of senior ne;iber of your vjroup. To be s^icoess- 
ful in this Inrcer rclo of leadership you ^just be able to 336 
things from tlio viwrpoint of the boys. Conditions at home rrast 
be icnown and understood as fully as .ossible. Th" s information can 
be obtained only by personal iaterviev/s aiid visits to the 'icnes 
aiid working places of tho fellcrss. A w'.se le dor is s\TOpathet-o 
but not to the extent of pity. 3oys noed help hut they should not 
be made objects of charity. Tinployed boys need ideals. Their 
eyes should be directed toward tae futi-re with a conception of its 
possibilities for t'^ora. 3c kind but firo— considerate hut 

Third, jhoso felloi's »mst be t u^ht to considoft the labor 
and capital problem in a ffdr, oponrrainded, sportsmanlike v/ay. 
Truth must bo soufjlit for prejudice and h- trod forgotten. The 
questions of dispute involved in this problan should be discussed 
freely, hut v;'thout ccnlng: to definite conclusions. There should 
be no exception to this standard. The enployed boy, more than 
aoy other, for t';e future solution of this problan must be taught 
to do his own thinking and rrrive at his o\7n conclusions. 

Fourth. Acove everything else th^it the club program raust 
do for s-T loyed boys, it must leau then to recognize the necessity 
of respecting lassr and order and obedience to tho will of tho majority 
These things must bo recognized by them as the basis of a ^.Q- 
publican and Denocratic forra of government. Ilcny occasions vA 11 
be found in the orgai-iizations of to club to explain tho meaiiing 
of these principles in their d'rect application to the welfare 
of the club, 

Fifth. At the sane tirao that we are creating a de»ire 
within him for a better job, re must lead him to realize tl^at a bet- 
ter job danands a better v.';rl?nan. hducation may be an important 
and vital need in tho second phase of this ideal. Thej also need 
to realize that it Is difficult to deal is/ith Trade Unions or 
Organized i>abor in any form vhen it is conducted on the basis of 
a sixth grade education, "hen the laboring men have educated lead- 
ership it will be e sier for then to approach their esaployer and 
realize t'.elr objectives. Tliey will command his respect be 
able to forcefully and clearly state t'leir position and conten- 
tions. Let him know of the possibilities ther ; are for going to night 

school and also \';iVa the different ferns of apprentlceshl:) In 
different lines of indistr:^^-. 

Sixth. It is the work of beys aiid work wit:, beys t':,at sets 
results, and not v/ork for beys. Coo rauoh lias been done for beys 
rat'ier thaii helpiaf- than develop a procra of act IV ties which 
is their own. This does not pauperise their talents and abilities, 
but develops their qualities of leaders'-iii' and organization. T'^iat 
is, t'le le'-der is the counselor a'ld advisor, rather t'lan the boss 
and t"'e one that does or sees taut saneone else does all the v-ork. 
3e a friend but not a convenience to your sroup. This also de- 
pends acmewhat on t:ie a^e of the group, lie older they are, th.e 
more they ought to do thenselves, and the leader must decrease his 
authority In order to si'^Q t'lQ boys an opportunity to develop 
their leadership ability. 

Seventh. Iljaow each boy personally and plan periodically 
to have a sorious, friendly talk v;ith eiCJi of your 'oys. '?h"e 
should be done paietly and without the boy laiov/ing your intent:* on -J. 
purpose, hut usin,^ ox^iportimitios whenever they present t.ernselves. 
Aiso visit each of them In thoir hciues. 

eighth. As the leader, 90 to 95 per cent of the success 
of your club depends uion you, and 13 to 10 per cent upon your 
method a^id eouipnent. Your job is to get theri to do the tMngs 
they imow they ought to do, but do not feel like doing. In-v-r 
comprcinise on this point, if you do, your influence i^. gone. 
Ilevr deviate fro::3 the thing you kno\7 you ou^jit to do for fear 
of lowing yor.r popularity with the boys. Thore Is no better wa^ 
to invite contempt for the v/hole thing oi^heir part. On the other 
hand, you win tlieir adniration and respect. 

The following list of books will be found helpful in the 

cultivation and instruction of leaders. 

Llitchell; The ^'.'ago Uamor. 

Tolmanj Hygiene for the "orker 

Clopper: CMld Labor in City streets 

-Robinson: The Fage Naming Boy 

Addans: The Spirit cf Youth and the City Streets 

r^ean: The Torker and t-'e State 

Devine: Misery and Its Ca-ses 

Beveridge: The Jfoung Han and t\e '"orld. 

IThe JTe-.v Ilerabar 

The growth and extension of the program within oxiff par- 
tlciilar sroup ^Jfill depend very largiolj u:on the attention paid 
to the new raanhrr b^' the levder and V "t'^-o "oojs t!;ernsel7e:.'. Inu- 
ring the first week after a net? boy joins the Assoolation cr is 
anployed by a ccmpai-iy wMch fostei's a "'ost, is tho oaso nay be, 
aoraeone, rref orally one of the boys should ^oroach hin, toll 
him about tho organ: aation, show hi;-: his pin, etc. and invite 
him to visit the next meetinr or tsjte a part in the next special 
activity. At tliat -neeting he should bo cord^all;,' greeted by 
the ©pou^ and special mention made of his presence by the leader 
or president. He should be infomed of the ni.le reiuiring his 
attendance upon three successive meetings af t ;r \7hich he 
is aligible for election to the club. 

The week prior to his election he should be aslte'i to fill 
out the regular application for ne.'bership frcra, and &t t'le fourth 
meeting asked tc leave the room while the Gloction takes place. 

At the very first opportunity his election to 
the club he should be ^iven r rrelirainary interviov' by t"i'3 leador 
or t'le president of the club at v/iilch tine the objectives of the 
organization and the various activities should be o'jtlined to 
him. ', niocial ef "ort shoTilc' p.lso be incx&e to se- tViut he h s a 
favorable introduction into the physical activities progr^ii. He 
Should be intrcdvced to the physical director given s phi'^sical 
examination and care sliould be talcen to allov- h.m to beeorao 
fsmiliar with tr.e progran and with 7*iat is expected of hn in 
the way of discipline, etc., before he is tsken to task for whrst 
:Tiay be a:i unintentional mistake, partlculiriy in the presence 
of the rest of the group. 

Four S quare Interview 

1. 3duo-;tion { '"hat jrado in aJihool - what interests aside 
fraa st:-.6 les - avera^o £T;adG'5 KOO 


If eraplo^/ed, is he 'icinp any studying or 
any ed cational course? 

2. Su.v lementary Training .100 

Am^- 3. ecial stud^,- in music, irt, drsftinjj, sales- 
manship, public speaking, 

3. Health ?:dueation 100 

"Tiat Taooks or talks has the bo^- had concerning 
sexual laiov;led(:o - that is, knowled^« concerning 
t:-.G rigJit relations with girls axid , roper c re of 
Mb own body? 

4* Heading and Public S?3eakin^ . 100 

Chai'^actor of his rsaling Iraas^^aines, papers, books] 
"xtent of his public speaking - any opportunities. 

5. C urrent "listory -- Trips and '.eotures 100 

.'^r trips recently - an^;' loc'.ures attended, any 
points of interest visited. 

6. Arts, Crafts, & Hobbies 100 

liXi^' apocif'c hobby - phctcgraphy, nature stud^^, 
collections, v/Ireless, etc. 
How use spai^Q time? 

7. ••'coder aft I- IT-ture 3tud,y , ....100 

Could you tell the n<.xMos cf ten differaat trees? 

'■"licit boolrs on Ilatiire road in last year? 

3. rer S'.nalit. /.nalyai s 100 

Attitude and Resi-onse to prededin^, 'luestions 

rh^-^si cal ; 

1« Healtii "•■bits 

r.egulrTlty; hours of sloop, cleaning toeta, 

exercise, bowel raoveraent, personal appearance. .... ...200 

2. C amp craft 

TixiJerience and knowledge concerning oaraps, 

sanitation, location, etc.... 100 

3. Tea::) tones 

Character of team ganes participated in during 

last year .100 

4. Group and Mass Ganes 

.-■artioipati'..-i in i,y:^OLip garaoa ,3:ch as i'Deep] 

Ability to direct grcux^ in playing auch games .100 

5» /cquatloa 

Swinmiag ability-,. How resuscitate a dro^vniag 

person? 100 

6. At^Ustlos 

Participation in track events or g/'mnasiivri work. 

Hi-3ih and bread jutapin^, srrl.its, and llstanoe 

r^-toing. Ho?.- r-ito salf as track -nan? ,.,.200 

7. "liys-'cal ^^amination 

lifiS ■f-.-ie boy had an esam? Any defects? .'Ji^' 

effort to correct saae? , , . .100 

8. " ^erscaalit:' Arialj/sls 

General pJiysIcal appearance and reaction to pre- 

cedinf- questions..,. 100 


1. Clmroh ; Regularity of attendance at caui^h 
Borv'ces and partJoipation thru some forr.'- of 

service.. 200 

2. '"od in -Tature a id .••.rt 

Do you read azij poetry? 'Do yoi- like to hesr rausic? 

TTgme five paintings and painters of past or 

present note. 100 

?. Chnrch School Loyalt v 

Attendance at Sunday School sessions - jobs in 

the ?. S. or in ^.?^. class ..200 

4. T:no?.'ledF;3 of t .e 3i"ble 

Ahility to turn to given cliaptora or knc^vledge of 

verses or psal'^s* etc.... .....100 

f . Btory of Christianity 

Vhat is Ghristiaxiit^ ' Hoi'no some individuals in 

history racst responsible for its spro'id'? ,100 

6. i:y Churcii ana ' 100 

\7hat is t/ie value of the church? V/liy join t/ie chi'.ro2i? 

7. r-er&onal Levotioxis .. 100 

Do yor. spend some tine each da;; in Bible reading 

and prayer? 

e. Personality .Inalygis • 100 

l^eaotion to above questions. 


1 . Hoi'ie 'r^olationahips .XO 

"hat resjonsil: ! lities r-t hano? How much time si:>ent in 
wor!c at horne eaoli weekT 

2. Friendship and Social PI fe ,. 100 

Hcv do you Si-eiiu your spciTo tiiae? Do you laicRv 

gaenes or stunts that would help entertain a group? 

3. C gnrnuni t.; " q 1 at i ^ nal', i p s 100 

Have yo'i coutri''outed aay money in the last year to 
cwnraunity projoctsT Anj sar.'ioe'; (Such as led 

Cross, Cairiunltp C'lest, etc.; 

*• Cit izensl:iip , .100 

How does a man become a citizen in the U, S. ? 

5. Tral I'nfr for sorvjes 100 

Are you helping: to direct any grouijs or ycungor 

■bo;,'s' /.ny klni of trB'nin;^', for leadership': 

6. Choosing A Life "/ork , 100 

wli-^t roading have you dene - or activit,y tliat 

will help J u in hooeing your future life v.'ork? 

7. ".o r Id ^i-of 1 :rhoo(I 100 

Have \ie a rearionsibility to those in other landa"? 

Do jQ'i contribute to foreisJi missions in any w?y? 
Fhat attitude to^viird tlie iinmigrant? 

9. ^ersc na 1 J t: inal./si a 100 

Sccao total of ssrvice response. 

The precsnt^xgea should be totaled and recorded on tiie 
accorapany'ne chart and the lines dra;7n to show t'ie present 
standinfr of the bey along the lines of four- fold dev6lOiir..onb. 
A copy of t';e chart na^ be given to the boy, but one should also 
be turned in b;- the interviewer ■'.vith notations :is to suggestions 
regarding the boy and his special needs. In this wa^f is esta- 
blished a basis first of all for the obtaining of a knov-ledge 
cf the needs of each bey and also provides a lead for encouraging 
the boy in develoimont along lines he .-aost neads. 

Visualized Development 


Group I of Cliristian Citizenship Training Program 




, Place 

Detailed Interview given by_ 


L School 300 

Health Education 200 

Speaking and Home Reading 100 

Nature Interests 100 

Handicraft 100 

Observation and Collections 100 

Educational Talks and Trips 100 

Total 1000 

Total lOOOi 






\. Health Habits 


2. Campcraft 


3. Team Games 


4. Group Games 


5. Aquatics 


6. Athletics 



7. Physical Exam 
















\ ,0 
























/ \ 

















Public Worship 


God in Nature and Art 


Church School Loyalty 


Knowledge of the Bible 


Story of Christianity 


My Church and I 


Personal Devotions 



NOTE, Record oil credits 
on percentage basis. 











Total 1000 


1. Home Service 200 

2. The Other Fellow 150 

3. Citizenship 150 

4. Thrift ISO 

5. Observing Vocations 100 
' 6. World Brotherhood 100 

7. Training for Service 150 

Total 1000 


(c)T/lie International Committee of Young Men's Christian Associations. Issued by Association Press, 347 Madison Avenue, New York 



The Baait Book. 

The barflt-book Is 5 method whic}) has bO'^n deviBed f'.r tiis 
aprlloation of t?:* C. C. r. "'• ^irocxx^ on a man eoalo. It 
flhoald be intro^U.oed to the bo^s, either indivi dually o? aa a 
groop soon nftor the chart,^? intorvier<.7 as a pyactloal namio of 
lraildin{? toward f ;o four equaro ideal ^tlch is put ■be'*ore th<n, 

'She bank boolcs asid deposit slips attached belcf* nro self- 
explanatcr:'. .'s t^ie deposit slips 'ro turned In t'le;'' 8!a:ull be 
c'neoicod by the lecider or his ssni stoat, and If aarkid C. K. by 
hia the;' should be enter .^d ?n %h^ ban?€-boo'r« ;■ noathly stato- 
aent tfiould be sent to eao?^; boy, and a record :f total st -nliags 
of "the srtMV .osted on the bulletin bo-nrd. Boys v;ho fcllov; nr. 
the plan conscientiously should bo o'iartod tir^'n after si: or 
eight Eionths, and t'lotr prografii noted. vjords sha ild bs r:.ada 
as follO»/6: 2000 joints - bronse 1 inj 3000 x>oints - silvor .linj 
3500 points - gold pin. 

The list cl' tests, S'.'.g'/oatlvo a-id not Tit all caiploto, 
used as a basis for t'.e swarding of .ties? points *s attached 













(-S -"" 
















/ - 

How to Start a Savings Account 

Every boy and young man in the Boys' 
Division is advised to invest in the LIFE & 
receive as interest and dividends, an ALL 

Every normal well developed boy meas- 
ures up to a certain standard. This fourfold 
test of a boy is posted on the bulletin board 
or inserted in this bank book. You have a 
chance to earn 4000 points or credits in Phys- 
ical, Intellectual, Social and Devotional ac- 
tivities. Look over the ratings and you will 
find that you have already accomplished 
many of them or can do so with a few min- 
utes effort. Then fill out a depositor's slip 
listing credits desired and deposit the slip 
with your bank book and have credits en- 
tered. The balance in your bank book will 
represent your investment in your-self . 

At regular intervals a statement will be 
given you show ing your financial rating . This 
rating will also be shown in the back of bank 
book and will show your growth in all 'round 

Young Men's Christian 

Is an organization of young men and 
boys, world wide in its scope, democrat- 
ically controlled, seeking to extend the 
Kingdom of God by aiding them to develop 
them-selves physically, intellectually, social- 
ly and devotionally:there-by receiving an all 
'round development. 

The YMCA is not merely an athletic 
club or a place to get gym and swimming. 
It is that and more. When a boy joins the 
Y he joins a club which has a big program 
of activities of which gym and swimming are 
only a part. As a member of the Y a boy is 
expected to participate in the whole program . 
Some of the activities in the Y program are 
as follows; Clubs of all kinds such as Hi-Y, 
Employed Boys' Brotherhood, Four Fold 
Clubs, Educational Trips, Gym, Swimming, 
Nature Study Groups, Games of all kinds. 
Ladies' Nite, Bible Discussion Groups, 
Camps, Library, Magazines, Hikes, Play- 
ground, Exhibitions, Banquets, Movies and 
many other activities. 






















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Personal Inventory 

Name Age. 

Athletic awards 

Swimming awards. 

Club degree or tests . 

School Standings 

Charted By. 

Member of the following clubs. 

Joined the Y 

Joined the church 

Joined the Sunday School 

Four Fold Development 


Intellectual Physical Social Devotional 
Standard Standard Standard Standard 




Line tf 





Line of 





Line of 






ALL Aaomn) deviiobihtt require.ients 


1 10 For each grade at school' up to 100 points, 

2 50 Collect 30 aiaturc specimens {bring in) 

3 25 TaLke rjusic lessons for at least six months. 

4 25 E Participate in scliool activities, athletics, literary, 


5 10 Attend an educational talk and report, 

6 15 Write a paper or give a talk on the value of an education, 

7 20 Make a three ninute tall: on any assigned topic. 

8 100 For a period of one nonth read all you can find in news- 

papers, and nagazinos, along any assigned line. 

9 10 Recite a pocn, 

10 25 Take part in a debate, 

11 25 llanual Training. 

12 10 Read - Popular Ilechaiiics, lOi^^li^v Zlectricity, etc, 

13 5 Construct or build a tov;el roller, broonholder, tic rack, 

shack, push cart, boat, etc, 

14 25 r.Iake and fly a Icite, 

15 10 ;.!2ke a bird house, 

16 10 Own eight tools, 

17 25 Hake a collection of coins, stamps, leaves, relics, buttons, 

pictures, etc, 

18 25 Draw a map of at least nine blocks of your community, 

shovdng public buildings, police and fire signals, doctors 
offices, etc. 

Name ten streets in order. 
Take an educational trip through a factory. 
Visit the ;j:t Institute, Field r.Iuseum, Zoo, Court, 
Attend a concert, 

G-ive history and forv.s of respect due American Flag, 
Give ten qualifications of a leader. 
Tic ten knots and give their ncuTies and uses. 
Give early history of your city. 

Na:nc and identify five constellations, ten trees, ten flowers. 
Take a course in botany or zoology. 
Name five pieces of classic statuary. 
Read sonc assigned poetry. 
3e cli&rted. 
Road the daily paper, 
ITaiuc and locate ten public buildings* 
Tell the value of a hDbby» 

Read an article on Labor and Capital, and give it in your 
ov;n words before a group* 
The Coal Controversy 
Industrial facts. 








































11 Pni'SiO.J. 












































































Keepin{j iw condition — Iijr.d book, 
ffron Yotit.i into Iianliood- Read book, 
Kane fivG vi'cr.l finctions of the body, 
N?no t*""- f—'"'-; o-t"l -'""■■'' of ■'le'^.lt'''. 
Read - Tlie Heart Of A Rose. 
Read any st:.:iLlard I'aturc Book, 
Plan and cool: a neal for a snail group. 
Visit City parkj - 5 each, 

KnoB five suitable sites for camp and hike, reasons for choic. 
Have a physical examination, 

Deaonstr-ite a cooking fire and a vyaming fire. 
Saving a lix'e. 

Sleep v.ith ::-o;ir bedroOTn windo" open, 

Vrita an article or toll "what you get out of team games," 
Ploy at least t'-.o teau g:..ues, 
Write or tell '.ow to keep fit physically. 
Read ex. Officicl CJuide, 

Know ..Old play at least ten different group games . 
Teach a ^;roup of Tao^rs hov; to play agaae. 
Read Chapter 15, on jioiij.- _;iunes. 
Bo able to dive and srry-: at least sixty feet, 
!Croad ivater naif a rainuto, 
Pl-ongc ::a distancj of f. 'ent?/ feet, 
Svv'im one hundred yarJ.s, using the crawl stroke. 
Teach a bov ho\.' tu s\;?.'a 

I>cnio:istrat'3 S'^liafcr .-^etJjod of resuscitation. 
Demonstrate tlfco methods cf rescue and release in water, 
Tov; person j'our ov."n v/oi-jht tv.'cnty feet» 
Pass the HcEathloii tests, 
Canp tc'.i daj/s or ..loro. 

Be a captain, leader or ofiroi-.l in some form of athletics. 
Point out you-.- weakest spo■^ pliysically and tell what you 
are doi:,' co ovcr-couc chis vv^ukness, 
llonthly vc:ilctic tests- oO. 75, 100, 
"/rite fwC .iu-icxwJ- . oi'-o o . -Ij., ^.tul^ " -CS benefit a boy.S 

Perfect v;ockly gym attendance. 
Personal efficiency in apparatus v;orko 
Demonstrate netting up e::ereises suitable for use in home. 
















































































. 10 





III DE\^0TI0ii:X 

Be a member of a GibDicah^ 

Attend a Church regularly ~ 

Conti-ibute to su^vpoit of i'Ovt Oliurch, 

Dr some volunteer service for your Church, such as ushering, 

passing out books, assisting Par>cc:: j, etc, 

Memoriae five standard Church Hynns, 

Sign the 4 C's pledge. 

Belong to a Sunday Schoolo Sunday School regularly* 

Attend a Bible oi* discussion club for complete coursCo 

Secure at lee t one new meciber for your Church or Sunday 


Assist in Church Entertainment, Social, Picnic^, etc. 

Be am offxcer in yoTir Sunday School Classp atCc 

Assist in definite piece of service for Church, such as 

moving cliairs, setting up ta1>]eSg decoraviiif^, etc« 

Ov.n a Bible^ 

Turn readily to given chapter and verse. 

Tell who is yoTir favoi ice Bible hero and why, 

Kme ten other Bible 7oroef:- 

Briefly outline the Life of Chris to 

TVirite or tell why wo have a ClT;-rch, 

Jrite an article or tell fiT?e I'easons why a boy should belong 

to a Churchy 

Urit© an article or tell ^ksf^- sbat ?./. xia;na fee bB: :av.ehristian. 

V/rite ar article or tell v;hy we have religions, 

3hor7 that you have a daily habit of prayer and devotional 


Give and explain the Golden rule. 

Give in your own words the Ten Commandments, 

Pass the International Bible Tests, 

Article on why '. ■':y should p^a^r^ 

Moral Cha:*. acter- hor.e.styr gambling, pnvearing, smoking. 

Read some article with Religion and Progress 

Older Boys' Conference, 


Read "irhe Social Gospel and Personal Religion,"* 

Read "invent ives of Ilodern Life", 

Read "Fellowship". 

America and her Problems ► 




Tell tirreo thirds the City does for your corarnunity, 
and eiTxJlain yc-or City Government, 
BriJig a \7rittGn rejxirt f^on hone stating that yovir 
home coi-iduct is satisfr.ctory and tliat you have some 
Buy article for your Hone, 
Attend a Father and Son Banquet. 
Attend a }Iother and Son Banquet. 
SeiTd your Ilother sor.e remembrance on toer birthday 
or on Ilother's Bay. 
Build so iT.e thing for your home. 

Keep your own room in order for at least 3 months. 
ITano :~iOv.' 25 'jC'.CA or Church nenibers. 

Render some CttTimunity Service, suggested by your leader. 

Joi-.i t'le /brlc. Ov.tlool:, 

aive five qualities you like best in a boy, 

'./rite an article on "An Ideal 31*1" from your point 

of view. 

Veil -..'liat it r-eans to you to be a good /inerican Citizen, 

Teach another boy to pass a test. 

dive at leost si:: of t'iie various races that are corsnon 

in the United States and tell one good quality for V7hich 

each is noted, 

Grive ten c^'aalif ications for a leader, 

ITame 25 articles which aro manufactured in Chicago, 

Recruit another boy to join the Y» a boy to join your club. 

Take a oGven r.ile hike overnight with another boy and 

report fully, 
172 50 Tell w^t your present choice of a life work is and why 

you have chosen it. 
.173 25 Sam and invest at least t\;0 dollars in some productive 


3e a leader iii tlas Y, 

3c on officer in a Club, 

Take -^art in some progra::i at the Y, 

Be a -...eiiaber of the Y Orchestra. 

I Lake a list of the i^jnericans v;ho you think made a success 

of their vocations and tell why, 

ITame fovx national 5:olidays and tell the significance. 

Recite "iimerica" and "The Star Spangled Banner". 

Suggc-t two -.'ays i:i which any boy can promote a feeliiig 

of bro therl^ioooL. 

^a a ::i0-. -ier of ,,j,^, 

3e a party t« providing food to some needy family, 

3e a menber of tlie gyu leader corps* 

?articr>itc- in game tourna:-.ierits, 

Write oui sir: principles cf Safety First. 

Read booi's recommended by leader. 

Read article - 3i:: Cireatest lien In History - Bruce Barton. 

Demonstrate 3 ways to use the triangular and roller 

barKlajes, a.lsi> the of the toiirniquet. 

Assist as loader for some jrounger boys' club, 

De:nonstrate and Imow the use of iodine and boric acid. 

Describe three kinds of wounds and how to treat them, 
















































































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The Clul) Meeting. 

■Mo set of rules can be laid down resardlnc t'.ie time, plnce 
or procedure fcr the club meet ins as adjustnents are necessary to 
moet varying conditions. A few suggestions, however, may be 
given. "Jierever there ar, adejuate facilities, i.e« an attrac- 
tively f'lrnlshed room offering sufficient -rivacy, the club 
meeting should be held In the building whero the grou^' are 
employed, receiving the "SGOOiation Building as a fleeting place 
for activities of a special nature. 

Noon-tlree offers a good opport mity for a meeting In a 
■hop or factory where the group are given a sL^nultaneous lunch 
hour, but in an office whero that period is broken up t is would 
not prove at all feasible. In some cisog it has been found that 
the boys v/lll stay after working hours fcr t'loir moetinc, particu- 
larly when it is to be followed by Botue a ecial activity or pro- 

Then the club meeting is to be held at the Building it 
may well be preceded or followed by a gyra class or other special 
progran. Tills is p jrticularly advisable in the case of ina-iberBSkip 
groups as it is not easy to get thea to the building on otlier than 
gym nights. If at all possible, it Is "bost to have the gyn class 
precede the club aeetiag even though It makes a late supper neces- 
sary. The gyn class affords an opportunity for tie "lettinc off 
of excess steam," and tired and hungry from tat t he ^o ys will 
gladly gather far supper served either cafeteria stylo or at a 
reduced rate (approx. 24;^) and will then take a more thorou^ 
and leisurely interest in the club program than ia possible when 

they are in a hurry to get to the ^iranasiun aftor an early mippor 

The Discussion: The leader should emphasize frcn t'.e stsirt 
that the naln oonstructive feature of t-ie club program is the dis- 
cussion and in order to avoid taking up the time with other tilings 
it should be the first thing on t'le program. However it should bo 
00 worked out aid so handled as to allow sufficient time before 
the meeting adjourns for a short business meeting and occasionally 
a special entertaiment feature. 

Too much aaphasis cannot be placed upon the fact that t'le 
word "discussion " is used with respect to this phase cf the pro- 
gran. The boys must l>o i|ade to feel thtit this plase of the pro- 
giam is as much theirs as is the discussion of matters of business 
or plans for a a/ecial social event. It h.a? been foiuid advisable 
in Borae cs-es to devote the time of one meeting to giYing the 
group a thorough underetanding as to this phase of the progran. 

A blackboard illustration will serve to shov/ the desir- 
able as opposed to the undesirable method of conductor this 
part of the program. The first one, the undesirr.ble method showfi 
the leader, (represented b- a dot; assuring the attitude of toacher 
or preacher to the group, (more dots) surrounding him and deli- 
vering a lecture or sermon, seldari if e.'or t'lrQ'Winc out a ques- 
tion being returned. In this case the completed diagran shows 
only a series of lines eraanatinf: from t'le center point in tho 
direction of the S'lrroundln^ circle. 

The desirable method is then shown by drawing lines not 
only from the center to the circle but also from the circle to 
the center and from one joint cf the circle tc another, lllustra^ 
ting the course of the discussion. In t'lis case t".o leader will 

7 n 

act only aa chalman, stating the question, g'liding the discussion 
whera nocossary, acid finally; simnariziiie, ?ho boys aro then rea- 
dily brought to BO'j t".;;it this cunstant Interchanco of idjr^s aid 
points of v'ov/ Y/ill pesflt is a cota_ osite view of the 'juestion 
resulting fro;:; its"expo8ure" to the minds of all these resent. 

?he discussion plan and a consideraole nunber of the to; ics 
as outlined in the progr?»n are based on a booi by T:arlo ?. De::tor 
entitled ".An Cider 3oy's ^robleras. ' Tlie followinc are sorae of the 
suggestions to leaders which aro partlculp.rly val" able. 

(1) , "The puri^ose of the course Is to get dcwn wTiere the 
boys live v;ith the teachings of Jesus aid the lible," 

(2) ''Don't tr:' to use every juostion in the lesson. 
Select those which otj most practical or snbst'tute otliers in 
your crnn vrcrds, I!uoh raorg nat3"lal is ^iven t'lan can be use^l 
in one hour." 

{^) "The group may or oay not be : repared in advance for 
the lessens. Intense intorost in the class, iinder well prep-nred 
leadershi; will get results an^hcv. .'n unprepared leader can't 
eatcufla.e "before a grou: of boys." 

(4) "Avoid genoralizing, :^ach question should be vzorded 
in g-.-ch a n-ay as to dr:i\v forth concrete ans'.7ers. The di'scusDions 
Should be in terms of your own town, ycur group, yourself." 

(5) "Budget ycur ttne, use ycnr watch. Look to your 
"■"erainal facilities". 

0f particular value is a standard for the prosontaticn 
of the question for discussion are the four main divisions 
suggesteo by Dexter, vrhich he In turn bases upon the thou^^xt 
process as outlined. by Dev/ey's book entitled "How '.Ye Think". 

The»e four divisions are as follows: 

(1) The Anaiysls: Here the attempt is made to brini^ out 
thxu questions the nature of t' e 'iuesticn to be dealt ^•ith and 
a clear understanding of the issues inTolvod. 

{'d] The llain 'ssue: In the analysis of the 'nioBtion 
several iSBues v/ill doubtless £5>pear and it is noceseary that they 
be correlated and the main issue determined before the solution 
can be properly worked out. 

(3) The Solution from a Christian Stand point; Th' s civos 
Bit?iificaiice to the -.vhole discussion. The analysis and stating 
cT the problem serves merely as a self starter, .ind as I'r. 'exter 
sugtjests, "it is not wise to run on the salf startor alone". 

It is at this i)oint that Christian teachings and Bible references 
are used to auvaxifeage. 

(4) The Apilication: Tiiis phase of tJie dlscvssion serves 
to clinch the whole affair ar.d v/lthcut it, no di acussirn is 
complete. It must be raaanbered that a boys religion is s 
"node of life" and not a "systan of doctrines.'' In this conjioc- 
tion r.r. Dexter sug^xjsts that "t'le thing to be done about e-ich 
lesson must be done at once while the motive is there. Cliristian 
activities arc too often used as 'teasers', or a sort of b^it. 
The aaouat of activity fro::i Garlstian motives T?ill bo the tr-.e 
test of the effectiveness of your teaching". ( ♦I. ] 

Following the dlsc'^ssion period timers should be a l*riof 

> ■ 

' business meeting at which t"\a president should proside. "^lo 

■^ m'^nutos of the previous meeting- should be rend and approved, the 

Xiookly dues collected, old and new bnsines? ?ind the reports of 

*1. Note: For a sanple of the detached outline of this devel- 

ciment of a topic see the suggestion Mr the club discussion on "Thrift" 

OOfflflittees oonaidored and any deslrod action taicen. Ilore a dlstiiist 
effort should be aade to have the nioetinc coadiioted alont^ strict 
parliamentary lines and if necessairy d'scipHne adrainistored ty 
the club or by the BorgQant at siras, but not the leiiJer, if it 
can be avoided. 

The Bitcceas of these meetings depends uron the interest 
of the entire group, both leader and boys and occasiomil special 
features, a s;.eakar as an entertainer, or better a special niirabcr 
by one of the boys thensalves, will, if properly thougl-it out and 
planned, provide sufficient variety to held that interost. I'Tiile 
much depends upon the leader, yet the more he csii let the boys 
"run their own show", so to speaJc, the greater will be the inter- 
est and devotion on the part of the group. 

Thile the week to week progran as arranged should bo 
followed v.herover possible, if a variatici fro;n the sohieluled 
topic on the introduction of sc'O question not listed •VTill aid 
in holding the interest of t'ie group, sucri charge should by all 
means be .iiade. 

ether books in ad<3ition to the one by Loiter already mentioned 
that will prove especially useful in sitting up the various dis- 
Cw-ssions : 

Jenks: "Personal *^oblQms of Soya Vvlio YTcrk," 

!)oggett: "life Problems." 
and others 

311iott: "How Jesus ilet Life Cpestions" 

Perkins: "The Character of Jesus" 

Perkins: "florarades of Jesus". 

Koehler; "Jesv.s the Leader" 

Trumball: "Hen TTho Dared) 

RobinBonj "Leaders of Israel" 

Howard: "The Uany Sided !5av!d" 

Staiths "The Christian Race" 

Cook: "Introduction to Bl'ble Study" 

Weatherford: "Introducing 'Jien to Christ" 

Sotinson: "Cliristian Teaching on Social and ::conanic uestlons". 

Rancherbrioh: "Social "^einciplos of Jesus" 

Fleming: 'TlaraB of a V'orld Christian" 

Sdwards: "Christ! inlty and E^iuseraents" 

Purd;,': "The '::aj of Christ" 

Hyde: "Self lleasurement" 

Gowin: "Develoixnent of Bxeoutive Ability" 

(Chapter on JIabit is psrtlcnlarly good) 

ether helps on particulrT phceeB of t?\o prcGTm rill be 

iBentloned where thoao phases are denlt T7ith, 

The Fireside Pro cram 

In promctini, a £-enersl v/eolcly raaetin^ for all older boys 
it was found best to oorrelate it as closely as pOBi;iblo with 
the club discussion pro gran, 'Tith this In mind tha sr.bjects azid 
speaVrerc sc"io<V led for those neotings wero of t'le sort t'lat 
would either : resent the particular problerr. to be discusser at 
the next club rreetin^ or ; resent some phase or a general oonclu- 
Bion on the discussion of t"ie previous ■week. 

The spesL-rers should bj of the type that sg?peal tc boys 
and sl.ould be secured s-.fficiently in advance tc allor.' adequate 
prepar:.tion of t e topic on -whioh they are as'ced tc spo'ik. In 
every case it it desirable tc thoroughly inforti the speaker as 
to the general plan of T/orlt being followed, tlie spocial feature 
being emphasized at the tl!3e, to v.-'iat extent it has already been 
covered, and the partlculai- eaphasis desired. It has been found 
that in this wa^' bettor speaiiers, and better talks fron these 
speakers ecu be obtained than 'f t'.e progra': Is sot u^ in the 
usual ha.-hazard fashion. 

The details of these meetings should be in the hands of 
a spociiil ccnraitt'jc ihc in ad Ution tc sliarinc t"io responslhllity 
for securins the speaker and set tins; up the program, should be 
particularly Charged Trtth the promotion of V\q aeoting araong 
their folloiK-s. The chaimaii of that co'Taittoe, or sonecne 
dolegateif by hin should preside, make any armouncem nts, intro- 
duce the opcalter, etc. different nenbers should take the respon- 
sibility for sec -ring cnO. S(Srirlng the"3ats". It his been found 
that a collection t&lces at this time the "eats" ar ■ served will 

practically cover fie expense involved, cuid t "or'j Is no doubt 
that such a feature of the prosr^r vrlll serv.? as a draft; In;;: c.-ird. 
Ice croa"-!, sandwiches, fnilt, c Icos cr cookias, an-l occasJcnally 
hot or cold drin:<8 will give a sufficiout v^j-iet:' to tliis part 
of the program to make it scmethiac to look forward to eaa. tine. 

T.hile at lenst a certain part o'^ tho progrnra sliould be 
devotional, it has not beon found desirable to set fio :3o<:tinG 
up ae a purel;' religions or devotional mectins, "Thor:. should be 
Bocie general singing and here popular a d stunt gon-js maj be used 
to great adv.ntage. Special featuros in the forr. of wrestling 
or boxing bouts, sr«oial entertainers, preferably vocal t;do:it, 
should be freii^ently introduceo. A stunt nlglit ^7hon each "ost 
puts on a sp^cicl number has been found vei'y worth while. A 
work trial was also used with great saocess. Suggestions on the 
part of the beys as to this phase ox the program should be encour- 
aged and, vhere such sugjjestions ore used, credit given to those 

ilovies, both educational and as far ae possiblo alon,:; the 
line of special enphasie for the mo ith, raid abusing nre i^rovided 
for in the proi^xan over twice a month. To use them more often 
than that is not advl sable. 

TVie time for holding this .aeetin^ will vary with conditions. 
In general it rvac found best to hold it about 9 ?.i:. on the 
evGui'.ig that found the largest number of boys in fie building, and 
if possible a schedule of activities should be arranged to bring 
several groups together en some part'LCiilrjr ev-^ning. Then it was 
found that a club meeting or tv/o might bo hold sunultaneously 
with a membershliJ and an extension group could be assa-abled in 

the lobby about tha fireplaoo for t'lis neet ng. If it is not 
feasible to have such a meeting weekly cone sort of a Goviaral 
"rouiid up" with a program of an inspii'atloaal nature, should take 
place at least onoe or twioo a month* 

The Social '^Tcgrm. 
This phase of the worl: is irtlculsrly Import^mt ?n the 
Assooiaticn program as ada^^tod to -iaployed Soys, becmiso of t'lo need 
of that t^T^e of bey for a chanco to asuiafy In a normal wa;/ his 
so-oalled social or crosorio'is "Instinct", 'b '^as beon indicated, 
the proerpra calls for a special social event onc9 a racntli, either 
for each post individually or ■- conblned party of all posts. The 
objectives aiid princivles j307erains thy social prograa and a 
clnaslfication and res^rie of social activities as outlined b. '.'t, 
Homan 3. Thcrascn of C3ntral rep'srtnient, Oh'c-;c:o, are appeided 

SOGI/'i.L PHOGRJ:'! ?0P. IT"^ TPICTJTD 3 'y^* 3H 0?HTvH;0D 

!• To promote such notlvitlos senong the boys as v.lll develop 
good fellows'-.ip, . hjj'sic?.! vigor, mental al ortnes? , c^ltiire 
and Christian char: ctfjr. 
2, To discover and dovelcp latent t-Alent and leadership 
araong boys which ri.';y he dlrocteu 'ntc lar^'or fields of 

1. The Brotherhood should f.trrxish a prober and ado'^uate 
outlet for tho social incliao-tions of hoys, guided by the 
highest Christian str.ndsrds of con.^"Ct. 

2. :.'.en of proven (hr'stian character sho '.Id bo placed in 
positions of s^perv'sion and le-dorship of all social 

S 7 

7, Csre Bhoulil bo eercieod that or.r pro£n^riE arc of a 
dernoerittio nature, "o iioul'I sc conduct thotn that the 
hiuabjest i:;«::'bor na;' foel at bona aid thcrouc^ily gnjcy 
tnam. ?he si^ir.t of fplr olay* a^i'i t"i; grsatest good 
for th3 gr.- vtost ni-nb^r ahoulJ 'je t'.ig {j.-ddin^ :,.rl:ic':.: lea 
at all tL'aoa. 

4. "^roinote onl/ sucli activ'tioa, tho moral result of which 
thore tan be nc doubt. 
Social •■otlv't^es* 

1. ?crml — [a] Indoor, (b) ::utdoor. 

2. Tnfcrmal — (a] Indoor, [b) 'it-ioor. 

?orr:cl Social ctlvltios are ovents stsged for an audience 
when snail {?rou]:s do the Gr.tirtslnlnij, s^.oh as concorta, 
ninstrel aJiows, or movioa; or \7hioh call for a fornoi. s^t 
up or det-^iled pl'iimin-; In 'idTanco, — srach as p-^rtiss, tcnma- 
rnonta ^id clyha. 


■SntertainniQuts: Tcumanenta: 

'^tirnt Nights "^oc>et 3illiarda 

l!ovies Checicora 

Circua Chess 

rinstrol xhov/s Bill'-orde 

Concerts — vocal 3i:d institirnorit-.l "^ing ■^cng 

;iasic;&l ar.d Literary 'Tcgra'^.s Cuo 'I^CT-i© 

CorinunH;^ ":^ Clubs: 

Theatricals Crchostra 

-ageanta Lit jrnr^' an'l ''ebating 

L'ccv Trials ^ Checker 

Shop !7ight8 Chess 

Sleight-of-hand "Mblie Spealclng 

Lect- res JJale u^jtet 

Parties: Dramatic 

Open 'lOUse Mandolin 

Ladies' Xight Canera 

Banquets Cr.ift 
Kollda^- P:rties 
Bring Jfonr ?al Dinners 

S k 

ThcBQ evants w'lich (b'av. f.o larjiest audianoos are. In ^rder o? t c'r Iraporl^anset 


"Instrol ""lovra 

Stunt Nig 'It 8 


Privste "Tliestrlcils 

SenorL.! ^,tertal;T-9.its 

Outdccr — i-. order of f.ieir X'Oi)ularIt^ 


Ooin-aunity Singing 
LIuslc. Is 
3aal Concerts 


iiuo'.oal avi Lltur'iry Trogran* 

Concert 8 




?l2i/ pGstivalB 


The first four aeu . to dra^' tha largest aadlencoa. 'T^iilo from the stand- 
point of participation , thej rank: 

Gcraaunity Singing PlOniOB 

''laj I'sstivjils Campa. 

''ago ant 8 

Those boat i^roinotins good fellcvahlp ara: 



Play PnstivalB 

'nformal Social .•.otivitlos aro eveuta eiitored int > '::j V'lo ua^oiit^ of 
those present, and i/hich are act aa higlily org:inizod as the forraal typa, 
Sxanples of tVAr. group are lobby sin^s, fr.ctory picnics, doniltory par- 
ties, etc. ?hl8 t;,'pe also laay be lield in or out of the building. 



Poclcet Billierds 

Ping Pong 

Cue !R3'!ne 





Bean 3ng 



Snt erta I n-aent a : 

2Icv" 98 


Sup: sre 

""art lea 


(In order of f-.o'.r popularity] 


Sleia'ii !lidoa 
'"e'iner r.ot-sts 

npellin-r 3eea 

f 1 

As proTidod in the conatitutlon, the reflponalbility for 
the social program rests upcn the Sooial Coranittoe appointed by 
the "Jtecutlve Co-:mittee. "This conrnittee will require eonslderahle 
attention and direction from the leader, but with that it can 
te raadu one of the moat active and enthusiaatic ccrarnittoos. s 
Boon as practicable after t^ieir appointment they should neot with 
the leader and go thru the program as arrangod for the ^ear to 
learn t.e nature of responsibility. Any additional s'lCS^^stions 
or any criticiffn, which they have to of for should bo noted and 
plana for the first social event definitely laid o.t. A special 
effort should be nade to introduce aomo novel feature into every 
progran, one which will assuro the ecmpleto ocoper ticn of the 
conrnittee and at the S'-rse time it is sure to arouse the curiosity 
and stimulate tho interest of the rest of the club in the proposed 

After the program has been dofinately laid o- t, respoiis'- 
bility for certain special features, for t e 3-]ts, for tie col- 
lection of ar\j necessary asse8S!nent otc, should be definitely 
assigned. The best wa;: to na'-e a cona'ttee effective is to give 
each nienber sonething to do, and the leader, \'7ho cannot so direct 
a ccnsnittee, but v.ho does all or most of the work for t'loi is 
falling far short of his potential usefullness. 

The matter of ulxed pa- ties presents sonowhat of a problera 
but is nevertheless an essential part of the social progran. 
There the boys have pr.rticular girls, whio'. they want to bring and 
if the prevailing sentLmont of the group as a v,holo favora each 
follow bringing his own girl, such a plan "a at least v/orth 
trying. But generally speaking, many of f.e boys do not have 

7 '■ 

particular girla thit t^ey will want to bring and a more suocessful 
party, froa the point of view of participating la usually assured 
of a particular group cf girls ore invited by the club as a whole. 
The y.'.C.A. churches or Sunday Schools or girls clubs und' r 
adequate STpervisicn, are often glad o** the opportunity to coop- 
erate in ail evening's progrgrn of this sort, ""hero this method of 
procedure is usod the girls group should bo r-cked to ^point a 
cannittee to cooperate with t'le boys Social Corriittee, ai.i 'f 
possible, they should hold a joint meeting previous to tie party 
at livhlch tL'Tie the ga-ne rogrom should be o tlined aid tlie 
gaaes denonstrnted b^- the cotraittee in order to assure t}ioi r 
being put across s.iccescfully at tie party, "her j t'le party is 
a largo one, including several posts this is an essential .Special 
coaching must be given those vtio are to run off the ganos, etc. 
A^y special talent among either the boys or the girls should be 
encouraged. Stunts by groups or individuals will hejp to bring 
this out — or forfeits where games re miring then are played. 

To give the club as a whole an appreciation of the social 
program and its significance and at the sane tirae to provide 
opportunity for a discission of the Christian attitude toward 
anuseraents in general, provision h s baen aade in the club dis- 
cussion schedule for January, immediately preceding a party, for 
a consideration of the "Essentials o? a Successful Party" 

This will furnish an op ortonity for a frank discussion 
and criticism of previous parties and also permit the sugjrestiona 
that there are phases to a social progr-ia other tlian dancing. 
As is suggested in the proj^iam, "It takas brains to run a party. 

any 3CC3 Ctm run a diince." It will also nrcuao tae Interest of 
the entire group ae different suggestions are nade for ijrjneB, etc., 
and before the raoetlng Is ctrer enf.nisiaan will run high and a good 
attendance at the i'-5.rty assured. 

The Thrift ■^ograra. 
The object of t-ie Thrift rogrnra has boen briefly stated 
as an effort "to help the inilvldual think stral{?ht on five thl.ics: 

3 am I as 




Boys, and particularly working boys, nust be Inpreasod v;ith the fact 
that t:Jift is not hoarding acco^i'llahod by tho doveloxraent of 
such habits as stlngiiess, moannes;", aiiJ solfis'inoss, an" resulting 
In their aprearing to their fellows as "poor sports", or "tight-wads", 
but rathor that it is Just the opposite, encouraging personal habits 
that lead to industry, advanC'^rnont aiid practical ste^vardship. Tt 
is net a difficult task to lead a boy to soe that the fellow who Is 
always^treating", and "blOTVing" his mono, the first fev; days -ifter 
pay day is also the follow, v:ho is sure to be "broke" before the 
ne»t pay day coaes around aiid forced to "sponge" upon his friends 
until another pay envelope furnishes hlra the means for anotlior 
few days si^endijig orgie. ''erhaps the greatest contribution th;.t 
this xerogram can -.ako to the working boy will he to stimul te his 
thinking. J-.e to t/ie differynce between having money to spend and 
the possibility of ma.rlng money go to work for liim. 

This prograr. Is scheduled for 'anuary In order that it 
may be correlated with the extensive tlirift car.)palgn fostored by 
the i'aticnal Thrift eek Canrjittee of ' Coraiittee 
Y.I.i.C.'. Industrial Topartiae-it. Th" 3 ccninittee fosters t'lO National 

Thrift '■ oek January 17-2" and from then croi be obtained all the 


neceasary material for nakin;;: this progran a real worth while 
feature of the years work. 

For iTubllcit:' purpoBos, tao t" rift prosrai has beon 
■anmarized Into the folloiving Ten ~oint Creed or Ten "tepa to 

1) ■ ork and "am 

(2) UsOce a ^udget 

(?) Heoord :3cpcndituras 

(4) Have a Banlc Account 

(6) Cajrry Life Insurance 

(6) Cwn Your Crm Heme 

(7) Hake a ill 

(8) ?ay Your Bills "romptly 

(9) Tnve»t in Reliable Securities 

(10) Share with Tthers. 

This senaral creed has been revised and eapeclally 
adopted for boys as follows: 

1. '.'ork and er.rn. 

2. ay your bills proaptly. 

Z, ZstLTiste your spei-.dinc in advance. 

4. Spend your nioney wisely. 

5. Zeep a record of expenditures. 

6. Share a part of your inconie with others. 

7. 'lave a baril-r account. 

3. Invest in reliable securities. 

3. Choose a life rcr!^ t^iat will give a physical, 
mental a-.d moral reserve. 
10. Avoid wc.ste In ev^ry fom, 


FroQ the National Thrift Caaralttee, It Is possible to obtain 
conBiderable helpful raatorial. Including the follo\7ine: "national 
Thrift "eek ::anual", "National Thrift ' oek 'Ian 3ook", "Prrxaotine 
Thrift /jnone Boys." Thoy aro fiirt^.iar peeparod to furnisli a vai'loty of 
posters in sovjral foms, sanplos of V7hich are given herewith. 

10 posterfTn"'ct!or?'S„i-^''du;L''v.'H ?^"'^l^. "btainable for teaching the Ten-Point Economic Creed. Fumed oak frames, 7 x 10 ft.. 


The value sccruinc frcra haviiig tho boys shcxe in the 
promotion of the progrsca should not bo ov:rlooked and tho nfitter 
of posters, furnishes one opTortrinitv- for this. Tcmo, if net all 
of the posters should be ^ade by the boys thanselves. A poster 
contest between clubs or individuals na^' bo worth v;hile, whon 
there are a euffio'ent nmiber oT embryo artists Interosted. 

As indic-.ted in the progran for Tanuary, t i-i discussion 
at two of the club neetinjrs is give.i over to a consideration of 
the sabject of Thrift. Tho first d" sc':ssio '. under the headinc of 
"LIcney, Tt's "se and ..buses" can be nad tioroushly practical aiid 
one tc which the boya will quickly respond. The outline furnished 
in "An Cider Boys "^roblsns" by l;©rter na^- ^e used as a basis. 
In raakinc an. analysis, of tliO problom the distinction between beinc 
thrifty and beinc a "Ti^t-wad" should be pointed o t, 'arallel 
tests on tiie blac'cboard of tho uses aiid the almses of money v/ill 
prove interesting, the lattor best sirving to brine home to the 
group the things of little or no use which tonpt thon to "bloR' in" 
their noney. An hcnest ccnfossicn on f.e put of the leader as to 
his wealcnesees in that connection will help hL-n to get down on the 
same plane with tho fellows in considering the problom. 

!rhe aain issue, as sug::Gsted by Dexter is "to dotorrnine 
the relation of Thjrift to Character". The solution frai a Cliristian 
standpoint should emphasize the Christian attitude toward noney. 
Sixteen of the parables cf G'lrist deal v/ith Vna t^ieio. .'. paaphlet 
entitled "Christianized Dollars ' put out by the Industrial Department 
y.Ll.C.-'. , International Ccciaittee is very helpful in this connection. 

At this point, th© Boys Ten "oint 7inancial Crood, previously 
nentioned, should be iritroduocd and explained. If ■ ossillo printed 
or tji^ewritten cojlos of the creed should b:, given to ev^ry boy. 

In preeeritlng the r-ractlocil airlicntion of the disci\8sion 
three distinct phaaeo alioul- be aaphasized: [1] iKrcrt-^nce of a 
savings acco mt; '2) Value of a budget aiid hew to organize one; 
(3) "ecessity for lizeopinc a check on eiponditi-res. In thlo connection 
th»re re a variety of systei'is and sclioiaos all of than having Botne 
laerit - and sane appoalin^ noro to one person that another, "over- 
theless, it \7onld 3ee:--i .'-.dvissble to present a duf'.iite plan to the 
boys aost of whom hav3 nothlnj of the sort with whicli thoy are 
faalliar. -he following plrr: icnovm as "Check It;" 'o^^ Sanuel !!'irsh 
Oi the ITcrthern Trust Uowpany Thrift Bureau is rather novel aid 
has been usod to in st:irting boys out on a systenatlc 
plan of saving, budget aad recording of e^r^oisos. 

The foll05,'ins£estion is given as to the my^tin^ up of 
a budget, certain revisions beini> necessary tc neet partic ul ir 

The raG'^-lar'.ly e.T.pensos for v;hich I , as keepar 
of this budgcjt, a:.i to be responsible ou|fit not to e:ceod: 

Bent 5 



Phone ^ 


(Irocorles, Ice, etc. " 


Lunches C 


aaall itena only ' 





Station Dry 



Theatre " 




Laundry .^ 




Domestic -orvi-;e 

Uonthl:; Allowance 

To Dependants *_ 

7o '.:ya olf 

I'y monthly budget crdinar51;', then, ou^ht not to oxcasd * 

But thero will be noutlis v/hen T •will havo special e;<poi-.8es 
that do not occur every month, such as fuel, ins- ranee ta":es. 


furniture, special articles cf clothins, education, travel, G^^ts, 
club d es, vacstion, etc. 

The estitictQ for eno'i separ t.3 month, thon, will be the 
regular monthly expfins-^ estiir.ato plus any apeoinl exneisos that 
will lilcel:' be iac^ri'ed Q'.rln^ that month. 

Uj budget b; .•aonths, then, ou^'jht to be about as follc^vs: 

Janunrj I 


""lus sieclcl 

iicpf^nse Savings 




"'lui 8r)ecial 


Beloff/ aro attaishod aanplo slieots of which ther*^ are tv7o 
fcr e.ich month in the ''Cheoi It" "booklot. '. mmboi' of atnilar 
sheets are also ftim5shei for the checking of special itene, 
There are tie Special 'Record paces referred to In tho dirootlons 
for use impended Tjelow. 



3 4 5 6 7 8 9 

1 2 

^^^^— ^^_^_^^_ 



Record your savings on page seventy 


Change Sheet 

Half Dollars 



























































n J 





The direotion^ere given are taken directly tran lir. 

March's boolc and explain In detail the operation of the plan: 

Before you Start to operate the expense record, raake up a 

budget for a yeiJr, or at least a month in davanco. 

There is one thing we want to make perfectly clear — that 
while you can raaJco up your ra'-nthly budget easier by consi- 
dering your needs for enoli item separately, lifce rent, 
fbod, clothing, etc., you do not have to keep separate 
expense aocotmts of t'lese different Ite-ns under the Check w' 
it plan. 

Under the ordinary 'budiiiot aysto.a \"here one can over-spond 
his estiinate and not discover "t unt!l he totals his expenses 
at the end of the month, it is, of oorrse, a good thing to 
know ^here the money vas spent. TJnd r the Check Hft plan, 
howev.-r, as you will sec v?hcn you read the directions, ycu 
are warned before .ycu 0VGr-spe:d, which is fj* better than 
being infonae-i of it eft .. :. v/aru . !?hl3 helps you to keep 
v/ithin your budget ?ind sivcs a grec.t deal of fork. 
If, however, you desire to keep a special check for avhile 
on s<:*no particular iteE:n of expens3 iiT-ro gro<Serio3, clothing, 
etc., yo ; can do so by using the Special Reword. 
These p'-tges uay also be usc'l to keep a sopjir to chock on 
the cost of a vacatioii trir, oontrlVaticns to Oarlty, 
luxury t jces, cost o" running a car, etc. 

IiI5i:C'fi::iT2 . 
Si Tple Isn't It? 30C siuaros on each record sheet — 600 
available for each nonth, and e-ch squ re represents a dollar. 

They ars numborjd from loft to rltjht, lino after line, like 
the printed pago of a book. 

Set your joal for the month by nalcinc a oroea in tho 
square ropresontin-- the amount of your efltL'nated or^enses. 
The gjime nov/ is to keep your exi^enaes fron .-roinc beyond 
this ILTiit. 

Ab you ?pend simply check off enough squares of t>io ri^t 
denomination to e:ual the aaount of tho e>rpenditure — aiid 
as fast as you use a dollar's worth of squares in tho change 
section, cheek an additional square in the dollar SQCtlon. 
The dollar sign' will vv-;im you. 

To illustr te: If you s:>end f i re .■oll?rs, check the 
fifth dollar square. If next you spend thirty dollars, 
check the third square directly bolow that [^ rows of ten 
•quares each, you see). For sevonty-five cents, c?ieok 
a half dollar and a quarter squ;:ire. ITow, when you spend 
and check anothor half dollar, yon also checlc the nert 
dollar aqunre, for tho dollar sign ^ warns you that you 
have used e dollar's worth of half dollar squares. 

Keep Your "".y e on tho 'ast Cheek ITark in the dollar section. 
It indicates the approximate tofea.1 of your exponditurjs to 
date. This total and the goal you have sot iiro constantly 
before yo' , and seen to say "you can or you c imot spend 
for this or spend for that"— -cheC'-s you before you Viave 
wasted your income. 
The pa -ticular advantagos of this method, as outlined by 
Lr. I^arah, are here given: 


The Advantages of the Cheok-lt Budget syatata. 

Those who have kept a budget for ani' letigtli cf ti;ae are able 
to testify to Its usefulness, but the gre'.t dlff'citlty h;i3 been to 
get u system, t/i,- oi^eration o" v/hich is simple er.oui;.; to nerit its 
universal use. 

Easy to Keep 

In producing this method ever^ effort has been nade to do cAvay 
with the usual bookkeeping features. How well this tias been done 
Is described in the following paragraphs. 
T.hy it is "asy to Ileep 

You do not have to botier about classifying: the ex ens o items 
under this systsr.. You can clra-lfy then if you went to, but it 
is not necesiaary to successfully operate the plan. 

llo figures are uaeo in keoplng your record, but check marks 
instead. Your ex:endlture8 Qui be c"ieclcod off mere quic!:ly than 
fig-ures can be made to indicate thorn. 

The memory is not burdeied vrith the different expenditures 
made uv-'rinp; tJie day. Instead of une total daily entry each expen- 
diture is chec::ed separately as made aid with no loss of tine, and 

The total of your exi^endituros is automatically recorded 
as each "teci is checked off en thqifocord sheet. 

There ia no extra bookkeeping at the end of the a. nth. The 
total of your exr enditures in com arisen Y,ith your budget Is cons- 
tantly before you. Tills eliminates tlie necescity of monthly totals 
and ocDtparisons. 

Better l.esults. 

Not only is the Check-it system easy to opor..te, but it gets 


the desired results. The main object of a bui^tit Is to keeii «?:] on- 
ditiiros within reasonable limits. To dlscovor at tJie end of the aonth 
that you hcva over spent your ostiinatos is too lato to savj w.hat 
has alreaJy bean spent. 

Why It Sets 3ettor ^.esults 

Because of the BOlf-totalin^ feature yo;- can seo at a glance 
at any tine how much yoa have siont, aiid how nuoli you have left to 
81 end, and this tends to ^ re vent yoa froci over sheading your budget — 
oheOrs you before you have wasted your Inooae. 

If your budget for tno aonth is one hundred dollars, anrl on 
the tenth day you see that you have spent thirty-six, y.u ioiov/ that 
unless you wanage well during: the remainder of the month you will 
e2:ceed your budget. i:nowln^ that, you an nore apt to si'ond CJre- 
fully i.. ord r to have tho ostirnatod a'aount for your savings account. 

The discu8si:n the following week"8hould be given over to 
checkine up on tho rauterial given out the week before, the cornv'aring 
tf the weeTc'a ei:porimont in usin^ the "Chech It" plsii and f.e giving 
of jaiy furthor exr^lanaticn necessary. The Ten "oint Creed should bo 
reviewed aid si'scial eaphasis given to point six — "Sharing with 
Others". The disc.ssion tfioalJ close with a brief irispiraticn: 1 
ccnsiderati .n of other piiases of thrift, suofi as tine, enor^, etc., 
the main issue still being considered as the relation of thrift to 
character, aid the prac'.ical ap:'lio:tion siig octed and worked out by 
the boys tiismselves under the iirectio.i of the leader, rt'ior s gges- 
tions for t e club discuss :on :2a;,- be drav/n for the posters "Dividing 
the Dollar" and "Tie '^arnl i--^ '•(MeT of Ten Dollars". 


The fcllcwinn; 1? st cf -ooka on t'irift, furiished l^ iho 
Aiaeria-m Library Assooiatlcr. -nili ^irove usafi;! Tov ieidsra ^ind 
helpfuJ to boye, who shc-.v e ijartlculrr ?.ntor :t?t li: tie -)roer.a.J 
and sltr deplrone cf gcinr. deojer -ntt. hoqo v^artioular phatc of It 
for t>.e(n38lv«i> 

Benj gain Franklin. Lindsay Sv/ift (Beacon biographiQs] . 
aaall, 1910. ;.75, 154 p. 

Book of tiirift. T. D. . aoOregor. Pimi^, 1915, *1.50. :'49p 

Poverty and waste. Martley althers. Dutton, 1916. .;2«50. 
180 ];. 

Ti-irlft. :. 3. Harden. Grcwoll, 1913. °.90. 92 p. 


Financial independence at fifty. 7. deVilliers. Ilagazlne 
of ■.•■all St., 1919. ;2.00. 2^5 p. 

How to get ahead, A. "'. Atwood. 3obl-s-I;errill, 1917. 
"1.75. 277 p. 

How tc save'. "-0. Fowler, .'cGlurg, 1912. '1.25. 
237 p. 

Putnara's investnient handbook; a stLnulua aad a giii e to 
financial independonce. Allart ". , Atwood. "vitnan, 1919, "1.95. 
375 p. 


Art of spend lag; hov. to live bottor ani "save nore. 
ITnurice Le Bosquet, /inerican school of heme econo:'.'C8, 506 ^'. 69th 
St., Ch-cngo, 1921. "^.lO. 24 p. 

II?:] rdZ'JT.^TiCz. 

Life insurance. 3. o. Huebner. Ap. leton, 1915. * .75. 482 p. 

How much shall I give? Lillian Brandt, Frontier '^reflo, 1921. 
*2.00. 157 p. 

Outline 6 gGOeteci for toachlng tJorlft In el -i en tar;' schools. 
1919. r.7 p. 

Ten lessons in t"-.rift. 1315. 19 p. 

Tae secret o' t rift. Z. 3. TJpton. >.ierican ban'-ers aoao- 
ciation. Savings briiik ttivleion, 5 ITassau St., New Yorlc Cit^', 19.?1. 
J. 15. 14 p. 

Thrift and conssrv^tlcn; how to t^ach it. '.. II. Chanborlain 
and J. F. Charalerlaln. llx.pincott, 191?. '1.4C. 27,? p. 

rnrift ar.d success. 3. 3. Jacirson a^id oth>.-rs. Cent'iry, 1919. 
.^..55. 233 p. 

Training inthr"ft, ".. H. Larriscn. Abingdon "^esa , 1921. 
C.20. "9 I. 

'Jse of money. ". /.. Zirlcp-:tric>. 2ob' s-I.'orrill, 191D. 
;i,50. 266 p. 

'e Indicsted In the prcfjrara, the Flres'do i:eeting should 
correlate with the s^eolal era: has is w^zn thr'ft. A banker or 
business man should] be socurol to slve a practical talk on the 
subject of Thrift and particulor attention should be called to the 
thrift posters, etc. The monthly rally of all posts should trJ?© 
place during the nonth, preferably on <J^.nuary 17th, lenj'ra'n 
Fraiiklin's blrthds^-, atid an outstsnding bank president secured as 
the principal spe&ker. The slogan £,ivon by Poosovelt should be 
©■nphaslzod: "Thrift is wl'.ere ycu are with v;hat you've sot." 

?he 71 nd Youreolf Gaar^iig?! 

This La^.^ort Jit phaso tf the ppoi^risn is scliedulod for qpocid 
eraphasiB during the lavntli of 7e>r<-iary — Intontionally in fie 
niiddle of the year when the inter- st in the progr-M on t''0 pro^'t 
of the bcye should be ct its height nad practically- evory hoy 
reaushed by the special ef 'ort. 

It will be possible hero to rive only the "high spots'* 
in th3 progrnra for to cover in detail all Its phases vvcr.ld be 
sufficient f.r a thocls in itsolf. ' ith tho aaouut of 
eriphasiE thct has been given tc this work by the Association and 
other ajroncles tliere is a lar.^a .•saount of nateri-'.l at hand TJhich 
will be helpful to the Tecretary - lo' iers fowtering such a jiro- 
graa. ::r. Hobizison's todk entitled "The Find Yoarself Idoa' 
ambodlos in an adtnlrsLlc way tho detailed uorlcin;; out of t:.o 
procrsa as conducted by the Issociation. '• describes tlie v;ork 
as a friendly saethod bee -usc of its s^'^apathetic approac': a^.d 
giveB the followine sim:i£.ry of essential stepsi 

(1) ""roBentlns vocational infcraaticu. 

(2) SiTin<: the bey a chance tc aaalyte himself, itaking 
a careful study of the bey' 3 statements in the analysis bl jiJc. 

(3) Scheduled interviews v.'lth general counselors ajid 
advice and help of oxp-jrienced nen in dif ''orent vocations. 

(4) .'.ttcntion to the c'.ar^cter building .angle o'' t'lC 
vocational proccst. 

(5; Aid in securing the rl^-'t j'ob ■chon a ct»an-3B ia nocoB- 

(6) Conscientious and patient fcllowup of each boy's plans 
and problems. 

IC 7 

The ob^octive of tho nrogran has boei dtt^flnoi as ",«jp. 
effort to help large Aura'bers cf aT'loi'oi "b./g tc fnce l.vtoilicoat- 
ly t" e urggnt proMan of dlscoverln:^ t" :o vcor.tion ''rr v.-hloh they 
are best fitted snJ tc brine to bear on t",3 case cf t lo lusnbleat 
boy ever^,' roB'^urce of the oommiillty, oducational, industri.-il 
and charsctor 'builcilnc. To com"L'no with th"8 econadc effort, 
personal raoral and religious counsel, to t:.e purpose fn-.t ornployed 
'coys vfho coiae undor the Influence of t'.e Young rien's Christian 
.'ssociaticn, s'laH be i^iort God hac given th>n capacity- tc bo, 
in v/ork life in Self develoTncnt and service"*. It should be 
emphasized tliat t'le ef "ort is thoroujrhly Cir'stian, arr^ ennhn-sis 
rightly placed on '.nfluonolng' particl;/ants to bocoiie Christian 
lawyers. Christian dcctore. Christian mechsciioa, etc. 'Tov/ovor, 
where Cstholic aid Jewish boys unite v.i th those of "^rotes';' nt 
faith in this effort, thiore should he no attanpt at prosolytinc, 
but rather to sJjow these boys alone vr-th the othirs the irarcrt.aice 
of bo' '■if better followers of their cvm i^nrtionla*' f "th nr, a 
means of belni' more efficient in their chosen vocation. Mso, 
while Christifcin callings should not be cvera-nphaslKed, It is to 
be hoped and rearonablg exi'SOted that sane of the boys will show 
a preference in that direction which should most certrinly be 
eiiooura£:od. In a word t':e effcrt is one of general vccati.nal 
guidance b;; a Christian orcsnisation rlth Christian emphasis. 

?.'ith these things in mind tho following prelivuinavy stops 
as to organization and a prcgran for t-\e Ci5npai£n itself appended 

^ S 

?rellmln5r.v gter-s 

1. A Ca'n-.'.ttoo of joya 

Several cannaigias have been less of cctlvo t .sr. t'la.y n"fjht 
easily 'been, (mO. ail for laOiC cf an onori^stic a .d faitliful 
oonittea of 'Joys, If a atrcnc Tinployod 3o;,-s' Brot:i<3rlioocl o-lsts, 
theae "^cys can handle it, tut ot^ienvlea a srecial c^nnlttee should 
te foirae.l. Tlieir hol;> is of prliaary i-.ff ortance ii>— 

Stirring up the Interest of t;ie bya In the ncsnbershlp. 

As individuals or in sniall ccnmlttess, enlistinc groups 
frcm IjJTgc stores or factories. 

Indue in;-' the boys to turn in thoir blanks prcraptly, 
and properly filled, 

Prai'arin^ lists of prospective participaMts and setting 
a definity number as the goal to be raaoheu. 

If the oonmlttee agrees, include in the oarapai^^n, stmi- 
anployed beys, those ?/ho go tc scliool and work 2 ci't time. 
2* A CoarTiittee of i:en 

This may be a special committee, the refnjlar Boys' "Vork 
Conraittee or a oortion thoroof. Their duties sliould be fc( 

Felp secure interviewers in advance. 'See list 

belov;, ] 

uive puLlicit • tc the cai^pair-n snon: busin-ss -.jid 
school raon. {'The nes"?spapers liave universally 
given abundant sp^ce to t'sese efforts. ', 

?.&iEc ff.nis noCGSsary to ccvoi' rintia::, bAiiaics, 
partial cost of suppers, sper-kors, etc. 

/id in anal.yzins the boy's blanks. 

Participate in t-ie interviewing. 

Give carefii.l ?.ttention to followin,'^ up the boys' 
oases for soae Tre-ilTS aftor the c^paign. 

J " 9 

?• Sfclection of Intervlowtirs 

.'he ©x^'or lance of aaiijr oisnpaigns indioatoa fiat t\Q following 

list iB addouate for t :9 bis intorriow n>"it, '.'Ith such a staff, 

tfto intox'viev.B p-^r ouj can ba given and this wvr'^B out nruo'i ho'.tor 

than a 8iiit?lo iiitorvLo\7. ^ater otjior interviev/ars on higlily 

technical lines aay Le re'juircd. 

Lawyer Hinistor 

"hysician rhyaic^il Director 

Has tar /echcnic Ne-^vspa^ier -ian 

Skilled "lectrician Association Osneral 

Civil or -iecliamcal Secret ar.7 

r,no:inoer A Contractcr (to oov.:;r var' j'tg 

Autcuobile Isn^ert tradtss or a roi^reso.itat' ve of 

llerchTiit or "in':er the Central 'a'bor ' nion ^or 

Saldsman eaue purpose) 

Architoct or "raftan-jn Boys* *"orI<: Ca.nittgo 'len 

Artist or . rt Instraotor Club '-eaders 

llusician 7iaitin.f; Boys' V'or^c Secrotai'les 
iducaticnctl ti rector o-^ 

othor "IcTucutor 
l^ploinacut recretrry 

(if i>08Si'ble) 

The Ganpaisn Itself 

After obserfing canivaigns in many parts of fcho c::imtry 
and comparing notes, a goodly niaabor of exi^erienoed 3o. a' '.ortc 
Secretaries consldar the following saiaple oampaisn one of the 
most effective ways of doing find-yoursolf work* 

The First Friday— 

5:30 ' .::. lleeti ic of lien's Cainitteo with ccn 
riaXf^ leiiders. 

6:30 ,:'., Suppor rv^etin; of Vac boys onlistod for 
the Ciivaign, the caranittee of tc/s 
and the- coanittee of rneii- 

7:15 "P*^. "rograa of not more than t'wo speocaes, 
one to be made ^ the vis' ting ca^- 
paign leader. 

7:55 ?.H. .'.nncunccsnent b:' loc:! secrotary or 
chairman of the group meetings. 

8; 90 P.M. Congenial groups of froa ton to t\7or.ty 
bojre .\,;eting vlth a neribor of the 
nen'8 ccmrplttoe tc rsce" ve t'leir 
"blfinka ic.i' be^"3 their c^/n self- 

ComlttoG .'T-yn collect a'\j,' conpletely 
fnied blanks ar:a rt-ocii t'.e naDes 
of toys who taike blcinks heme for further 

9t$0 ^.a. ^rief rieetlng of ocrrulttee of boys to 
arrix^jD for gottinc t}io bl.'jikB back 
w- thlzi a fc^v dii^'s 3nt3 to auuca plfins 
for brlnjrlTis all t^c boya back for 
the bis interview ni^it one week 

The Following "ednpsds:'— 

Check up ▼arious natters including— 

(a) feeing the ccrtnlttee of boys about getting in blanks 
that are still unretumed and naintalning the inter- 
oat In the interview night atlendiir.oe. 

(b) ?;ith the ten's eoiuittittee see t'lat the dasired intor- 
▼iewerB are safely lined up for Friday evening. 

The Sedond Friday — 

9:00 A.M. Caspalgn loader mests with visitiyjg 

secretaries, men's con>nittee, eduea- 
tlcnal secret sry, etc., and together 
t':;Gy spoid t'-iO ant Ire day .inalyzing 
boys' blan>;s, scheduling interview- 
ers, -and aiding the lood Isader in 
£ll r.rrsc.^'eaials for fe ^^venlng. 

5:?0 ?.H. BlenltG shcald all be ajislyzod and can- 
raonta .aad-^ on both originals .xid 
duplicates. The so are handed out by 
the caxjittee t: t'le interviewers as 
they arrive. 

6:00 ?J3. Brief neotinc m«Ji tho Interviewers 
when the find-yours If Ide.'- is ex- 
plained aad interviev/ers* ro^ ort 
blinks Iso od, instricti:n3 and 3ug- 
goatlons gi.ven about tho intc}r7iGv;!L5, 
and (paostloas miowMrod. ~ine should 
be roenrved "here for a seafjon of 
:"-rao'or -.vit.i roforonoo oo":':!. to the 
vocational nd roligious aejects of 
the Intarviewor'a work. 

il I 

6j30 ?JI. Stqpper wlt'i boys, ▼isltlnc aoorotariea, 
IntervicR^ers, and ooraaitteee. 

7sl5 T'JJ. Teinalnute inspirational talk h ; a vlslt- 
inc 8Q0vct:zTj OT otio of the leaders. 
Introduction of the interviowors by 
mes»ly reading the narao of e.iOh nan, 
tellinr his line of work raid calling 
on tiio first boy v;haa ho is to intor- 
vieiw. This sives opportunity for all 
th ' boys to SG' all t'lo interviov.'ors 
and the interviewer tc recocnizo his 
first bvy. Announcjnonts and adjoum- 
laent to the intervri ev7in2 rooms. 

7:45-10:00 ".IJ. Intervievv period. A headquartore 
roora, from wMc'i the intervies worlc is 
directed, is useful as n place to center 
t";e attention of boys ntwaiting ai^joint- 
raents. Here shciild be i laood ▼ocation- 
al o'larts, books and pamphlets. The 
boys enjoy tr^'ing certain raontal tests, 
and occasioiiall^' disiovor s e useful 
infonnation about tha.isol'ffos. The local 
Boi^a* Work Secretary and two other leaders 
ape needed at tlie hoadquartora roora the 
entire OToaing. 

Saturday— Througiiout the day, follow-up work can be ooMonced, 
interviewers' reports e snined, further intervieivs liold, 
and occaslonal'.y boys visited at their places of ernp-loyraent. 

f5unday — ^?.elif:ious meeting for enployed boys addreesed by men 

connected v?ith the campaign. Here the ev.'incellstic raessaee 
can bo ured esx^ecially vrith t ^e social Clirlsti.'mity erapliar- 
sis. This noetin£ sup' lernents in a satisfactory wa^' the 
work done in f-.e intervie\7S. 

The Follow-'Jp. 

The H n's CcrtTiittee or certain me-abors of it s'.ould be 
retained for see v/o ks to aid irv— 

Securing fr.rthor interviev/s for beys with special needs. 

Studying particularly Jifflffilt cases. 

Helping rnako delicate adjustments in boys' hemes or places 
of amployrnent. 

Finding the work opportunities for boys v/ho raanifoatly 
ought to mdze chrmges. 

Givinf special attention to boys who select professional 
Christian callings. 


Helplnc beys to inake good on their noral and rolici^ous 

The Self Analysis Bliyafe and its Sso. 

V.7iile tho BJii-por laeotine of ell 'b',va for the i-'urT'oee of 
outlinins tho plan and aflsisting than in filling out t!io blanl:a, 
is highly desirable, yet this way also bo handled in meeting 
of the individual i^osts. Tlio boys should bo allowed to take the 
blanks home for farther stiid^,'-, but t'lore is a danger of tl.eir 
answers being colored by parental influence if b" at is done, :"'he 
Qriployed Boys Insert shoull bo used in addition to the bliixtic 
Itself as t" ore is Infcmaticn liste*"* there ^lioh is not othor\vise 

One vory important phase of the roi^ is the analyBlng of 
the blanks by tho men's ooi!raitt«e for only to tVe extent tliat this 
Is done thoroit£jily, can the interviewer be of gre:itest help to 
the bey. I'-T. ?.obln8on lists tho following four objeotlvos to be 
attained by analyzing. 

(1) ?o discover in a general •Kao' what the boy has revealed 
about himself In ord r that scmeono may deal intelligently 
with his pairtlcular case. 

(2) To locate tho points of intorost and emphasis for the 
intarvi Qv/er, rho, knor.iag much about scrao vocation aid 
therefore valuable as an interviewer, raa^' at t'le sane time 
be quite Inexperionceo in the stud^- of a beys problcns, 

or may not bo at all analytically minded. This V7ill clso 
save the Interviewer considerable time by drar/ing attt for 
him the important needs . s shown by the toys self-analysis. 


[Z) 7o learn from the bo^'S at tern onto a-oout hinself w:. ether 
ho liaeda first, a genoral counselor, or a nan with srocial 
Tmc»Tle<l{?9 in sob-j vocational field. "Jtid, in addition, to 
eenoe the type of ; ersonalit;- casonc tho intorviev/ors v/lio 
will evideutV fit bost this boy's tomporanont and neods. 
(4) 7o find anonj: the blnnka those ^iiich indie. te the need 
of svoci?! treat ^enfc aid to provide an interviev/or vhc can 
help oithor In overcoci'n;> a critical attitude on the part 
of the boy to t^.o crinpaign or to some phaso of life, or to 
droBfinfj out of a rcti scent boy inii:ortant facts that t'lO bl-mk 
does not revoal. 

The !»roun asas'^bled to do the aialyais r.ork ahculd 
be iTlven aono pfQli':iiuary instructions and the leador ahculd d-non- 
strste with one or two blanl^s hefore t:,e group set to work. ::hGy 
•hould be provided ^''ith red pencils for checking important state- 
ments or cnlBJSions in the blanks and their arialysis should bo 
attached tc t^je blank together \sith a reccfnnondation as to tho 
t;y2>o of ir.tervioT7cr sr''.£;'t>?ted. 

The Tntervie^Ae 'S. 
There -re tro distinct ways of promotlnrj the cacipaigii 


regards t'-e bringing of the boy and the inter^/iower together. 

c; d 

One is whoro the interviewer are e>irolled for service an the boys 

sent to them at t':o"r of*'ioea by appointient » The other v;a^', that 
suggested iB the prcgrai fflven is to ealist the cooperation of a 
raen's orcanizatlon or club, ask thera to furnish tho intervicrwors 
and be hosta tc the boys at a banr^uet, iiaaediatoly following 
which the intorvJows v;ill ta'ce place. The advertising rut 
out in connection with a cjynpalen of thia sort handled by the 
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Find Yourself Campaign 

As a man interested in the welfare of older boys in this community, I request 
the privilege of interviewing one or more boys as to their vocation in life and their 


I shall attend the West Side Kiwanis Club's banquet at the Sears Roebuck Depart- 
ment Y. M. C. A. April 2nd, at 6:30 P. M. and the preceeding meeting for inter- 
viewers at 5:30 P. M. 


Business Address - 





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The average inteirvlewer will usually aoe:- considerable ooaohiac 

to glvo um ccuTlueiiOtt a^iJ "to l-isuro iiie ioinc a good job. It 

is for this purpose t'r:u.t tie aijooial interviewers laestini; 5.3 

schedlej Ijjnedi'^tely procodinij the c^nptii^n dixiner. 

Tlio rcllovvint' sue;© st ions from V-irious source a com;oiled b 

the Cliica{:,0 AsBooiatiou maj prove helv;fu.lj 

"In tue firtt .laco, it socnis very essential that fae tfcterviav/or 
aeok to place tlia party to be interviewed at ease na soon as be 
enters o'lo rooa. In the second ilace, it la v.ell fur t le intor- 
viewor to go directly to tne eabject at hand leather than to ai.ond 
icueii time talkiuj aoout othor tliiutca. In the third place, it la 
well to ask questions thrt cannot be answered by "Yes" or "No" in 
orui. r Lo provo':o the !-flQul^at iioasitle th^-u^^it upon the pai-t of the 
one being interviewod, and also to avoid biasing aiiy of the enswers 
by thto pai'ticuiar thou^.t of Via inturviev.or''. 

"A boy to \>o li.teiviewod will usually exproaaed some preference 
for a line of work a^id the interviewer will have been selected for 
t .at pafticuli.r bey beoauae of t'lat proferonco. About the fust 
thing to do then is to ascertain v?hat caused the boy to have this 
prof bireuoe ; i'.tUjr e:^. erieace, scs;e, oraerjly a notion. 
queation or two will usually suffice to lot the interviefp/er taiow in 
a gouoi'al "tiiAj whethtii' or Uut 'Uhi boy is at all likely,' to be able to 
go ahead with his plan. ?ho important th'n>r is to loarn ho?/ and 
thru when: he becanie interostof in that particular line. Cfton t'ie 
greatest service you can render the boy is to tie h n up more 
closely v.ith the individual v.ho liave the first stLnalua". 

"In Instructing a lav.yor, doctor or laeohanio, etc. I would amply 
caution him to raalce t\o boy feel at ease so as to secur'j his con- 
fidence;; to fery to undarstatid his pcirticular case aid to c^vo plenty 
of time to the question whici'i the boy rai^ht raise. Vl-ien necesf^ary 
to discoura:.e the boy this tiiould be done in an oi/ii:aistic s,','ripath- 
etic 'nanner and instea.l of shutting tlie door in the boy's face aaiother 
dt^or of opportunity should tiiaeuiately be opened". 

"The really auoceasfal placaaiut secret ry dra^vs out t .e roi^istrant 
until he has a syap:;thetic understanding of the personality aid ten- 
peranent of the one to bo placed i.i a corijeuial posiiiou. Vorda uf 
encouragement with positive sug, ostions are far batter t.^.a;! too 
much eophasis on the f^^ct thi^t the work applied for laa, bo evitlre- 
ly unsuita" lo and boyond the rar.30 of possibility. 7j-<r3ry applicant 
should fael that the field of occUj..ations has oeQn thoroly o-r^^lained 
Hints concerning personal apiooranco arc vjry often ccnsldorod a 
part of vo3£.tional gaidance but these should be made onl: with the 
utmost tact and after careful thcupjit as to t'.ie approach to the 


"A boy needs help in the choice of a vocation aloni^^ throe linosi 
First, A clear understanding of hi self — aptitudes, interests, am- 


bitluns, abilitiaa, rooourcats and. liiuitatious; Second, A gottBral 
ImowledP-'e of voc:;tion3, tho roquirepaonts an.' opportvm' tlos for nd- 
vancoancu , tho Bccial atandine, sn.'l pocullar demands of different 
lines of work; Tlilrd, An appreciation of motives In sorv:.OB, th-it 
all work uiiB Si iritual si^jnificanBe am value, aiid that sorvlco for 
humanit:' rather t>ian self joy to one's vori". 

"If a boy has a preference f ^r Bom© voc'?.tion he should Le olaarly 
ahown its limitations and Its possibllilieo, and its uitimate benefit 
to t'le 7;orld. "elp hiia to see tae value of general and then spo- 
cializod education". 

"DetemJ no, if posaible, tiie notivcs of the bo:' **' ^Q considers life 
"Motives are incentives to the v;lll", love of fane, power, notlvlty 
or humanity are motives wh-Ch uay influence vocatlon:tl choice". 

"Ihave found it most valuable in interviewing; boys rocoiitly 'o 
use the Pi'oblera Method. Ilamely, su^ est a problem that jjots the boy 
to e.xpras8 iiimself, ar.d taerety indirectly I ^,<3t to Know the beys so 
much better. 

For inttaiiCQ, I use scae such luesticns as theso, after a few 
introductory questions: 

1. Someone has said that the job of the Y.H.C.A. is "wirmlne 
boys atid raen to Christ" and I wculd like your help in 
helping me understand what that means. 

2. You work In the Grocery Business. Just v.'hy is it that 
people worl; in the Grocery Business?" 

"The Voc-tional Guidaiict- Departaoat of t}ie Boston Schools holds 
that no voc tlonal counsjlor {^nterviev7''r) dio'i.ld tcCce tlio responsi- 
bility for tolling a boy what he can or cannot do. Tiie Director be- 
lieves that just as a fuide post tells -..'lich turns nnst bo made to 
Cet to certaia places, but loaves t'lS decision to be laade by the trar- 
vellor, so the vocational guide (interviewer' should tell x;n:\t must 
be done to reach any occupiation (and what tho occupation offers) aad 
mast leave the final c?icice to f^ie J>oy". 

1. Setting '.cquainted 

I'ut the boy at ease. Sho\v that you aro really' interested 
in him. 3e ap roachalle, ilako tlie bey foel that "..e has plenty 
of time. 

2. Personal ai story 

You '^aox: that the boy has this information and this has usur.l- 
ly proved a good second step in the interview. 

3. Finding tne Jo.;'s I-lnes q-^ Interost 

These can be established both the interview? and tho lUill- 
vidual Analysis Blank. 

4. Taking tlie Boy's ::ea8ure 

There are maiiy ways of putting the boy "thru t}^e paces '. You 

aro tr^dnij to set an idea of t^.o iDoy's ojiliber. Ask ^luosticnfl 
that provoke dlBCuBSlon and see how tlie iJoy reacts. '.Tiat is your 
point of Yiew. etc? "licit has boon yonr aicxoriQnoe«...»etc? 

5. Clostn IT'' InterTi3V7 

Leave t':ie individual in a settle frane of mind, '^o not leave 
hira "up in the air". You na^ desire; t'_ si'^tjost a jrc^i'ttn of ac- 
tion for the boy. Close the interview in such a manner as to 
leave to hln arurious to talk it over acaln. 


I* Perse Dal factors . 

Companions, family ocoupatlons, family resources, pliysloal, 
conditioiij, lontal on-jr^x'* inter, sts, ide Is, etc. 

II. r.dncational Fsctors 

Fanily educational traditions, attitude toward trades, course 
in sc'iool, etc. 

III. Gociul r-actors 

nationality, vocational tradition of t^ie comumty, vocational 

prejudices ^.f t'.e cxrur.r-ity, eto. 

17. ::conjaiIc I'uolors 

"'sse earning opportunities, h.urs, regularity of enplo;.ment, 
approiiticoship, la,uor orjjulzatlon, daiisor, goo 1 ron'Ute of occu- 
pation, oprortunlties for adviince'nent, possibility for transfur. 

i!:sss::tia:. points 

tStudy the Individual Analysis 31anlc carefully bofove entering upon 

the interview) 

1. Be natural — v/in the cnfi donee of the hoy; talk over things of in- 

tir st vltli liJin — lils concoction cf Li:;h school -}.is v/lll 
anable you to turn the c nvorsfetion into rl^^t channels, 

Z» Betneraber the ia^ ^yhen you Vvorc a boy and the naturrJ approiich is 
thru his play life and plxi'sicvil i::tcrests. 

Z, Show an interest :'n his ■..liclo life. 

4. Give t:;e hoy a chance tc tiilk, but control uee cf tho ulne. "D© 
glad to tslk it over later'. 

5. Corns jalokly to the point. Ssoit to discover his real needs and 
noet t\Qm. 

6. Your ^oi.v.e3t op ortunity v/ill bo to hoip tlie boy on tiuestions of 

7. Little confidential bits of your own life enooura^es him to be 
franJc T,-lth you. 

8. After each intorviev/, make a caaplete record of such facts as 
will anable the Association tc be of the largest po»sible scrvioe. 


tHake nota of any outetandlnn ^jasllficationa vrMch nitjl4t o.ialile 
him to reader some partioular ser/lce). 

9. i"ee^■ personal aenoranda and follcv up by lottor, tclophone call 
or Tisit later. 

!• "acli toy v/ill tell other boya to be latojrvieiwod about hla sxperienoB, 
2* Next lear'a work will be lars€»ly de^^ondcnt uvon InprGS.'.icac tuis year. 
Z» To "tie up" the intervl aw. 

19 S. LaSalle Ttreet 
ni^ School Separtragnt 

The followin^'; outline for t'e stndy cf a 7octtion nay well be 
placed in tho hands cf the intervlsv/or aid passed on t. ha to the 
boy or boys he interYle".7a» 

I. General 8ts.teraent conceriiTng tho vocation: 

!• Value of tho vocation as -. social service. 

2. Duties of one enr3P:e'1 in it. 

3. Umber engaged In it In loof-1 ccsn^mmity. 

4* Relative number enj^sged in it iu general, v/ith its probable 

fut ■ ■ re de vo 1 oyn e at . 
5* "Relative capital invested in it. 
II • PersonEl 'lu a 11 ties daT-aiided; 

1. i^uclitlea of matiner, tomperaae it, diaractar. 

2. Mental ability-, 

3. --lysioai s'-andards. 
HI Preparation reulred; 

1. jonoral education. 

2« Special or vocr.tionnl eduo-^tion. 

3. Approntlcesitip conditi'.ns. 

4» Kxperionco required. 
17. rages earriod by v.orkors: 

!• Range of wages mado (table SJiov.'lng distrlbjtlcr. cf t.11 caees.) 

2. Average r;a^;e per weok. 

3. "Relation of 'wafre to length of e:rperlenoe and f'rerJiratlQn. 

V. Lentil of wcriiUt, season, v/orlcing v.eek, working da^,', etc. 

VI. Health of the workers: 

1, liealthfai or uniiealtr.ful conditions. 
2* T^mgors, accideiits, or risks. 
VII Opportunities for oanplOiTaent: 

1. In local comnunity. 

2. In general. 

VlllCrsanization of the industry, including the relations of the 
worker to his fellov/ v/orkers, his enployers, and the coq- 

) Ui 

IX. status of t]ie workers t 

1, '^prortnnltlee frr advmco'-'-Gat. 

2, Timo for recrofation arid enjoymont. 

3, Ad'^ynte InooTie for rocrcatlon sid Ulie oor.fort-j o*" lifo. 
4* /oiy other itejos of peculljir intorost In this coiuiecticn. 

Z. BlOoTaphies of leadora In the ▼oc'^tlun. 


This is a decidedly important phase of t.o canoalgn and 
must not be ovjrlooked. In ad Jit Ion to tlio individual follow- 
up there 13 a real opportunity for a study of group conditions 
and attitudes thru a sujrvo:' of the blanks as a whole. Cno who 
sets cut upon a detailed etud^/ of these hi .nks v/ill he surprised 
at tiie smcunt of v.orth while material that will ba unoover;,d. IJho 
results of such a study should be^aapiled and used as a basis for 
studying the needs of the eroup and f r outlintAg the prosran 
for the next ;;esr» The assisting men's oreanization will also bo 
glad to receive a S'lmaary of distinct results achieved as a result 
of their effort. 

The follOPin.~ list cf vocational g'aidance hooks, ccnpiled 

by the Yoc-tional "^epartnent of "'The Open j^oad", is not altogothor 

ccmpleto but nay ^o .Sfcful* 

BEST 0P?03TU!nTY 300X3 

BOokB Outlining Opportunities in Two or llore Cccupatione. 

Allen, P. J. Business "^iploymcnts, Tlie 

Gowln ': T-Tieatley Cocupations 

Thwlnc, C, ?, Tr ini;i:: of :.:en fcr the VcrlcVG ;\iture. 

Fowler, !I. C.,Jr. Starting in Life 

F. II. Giles ''• 'I.K. ailes Vocational ClvicB 

Brewster, ';. T. Vocational Buidanoe for the ■rofesslcns 

Center, r. C; Tho Worker -uid his "orV 

Bisliop " Keller Industry and Trade 

Bbrris, J'. S. Th3 iouug .lan aad hia 7cc tion 


Books Cutllulng Op ortunitles in a Single Ooouptitlon 

Allen, F. J. 
Haninond, J, H. 
.^derson, ^. I. 



"D. W. * '5. ^V. P^eaTor 

^«T. C--. Z.. Slattor:: 
Serutser, A, 
■^llwood HeTK^riclc 
Hortim, Ciias . i:. 
"^esxi, C. T). 
Collins, IColson 
L«e, J. J. 
i:ildui"f, \ J. 
Maxwell, •"illiar- 
Cabot, 5ichard C, 
Cs'bot, r!.i. chard 0. 
Homer, '. U. 
l!\iedel, o.H. 
Pairchild, C. 3., Jr. 
Seitz, "Otii C, 
Plnchot, aiffcrd 
?*a3cWGlI, '"rs. 
Scares, T. (!• 
''•rif-t, '-'.-^. 
Baldwin, 3' 2. 

Advorfcialn^ as a Yoo^tlon 

The 'llnfrineer 

?anQr of "oiaorrov 

Ler as a Vocation 

IIe(^-lC?ne as a 'rofossion 

Iluro^" sing 

The TTtnlstr;' 

Oprortmi'tLes in '.viatlon 

Cprortim'tios In Cherilstry 

Oportvmitiea in "'ii^.ci^eerinf; 

Opi^'ortimitlea in farming 

OiA'ort unities in I'orcliant Ships 

Opjortimitiea in 'leivepaper '"crk 

I'riTato Ceoretary 

S si esa unship 

Social "orlc 

Tr:;'nl2i';: an^^ "'ovcrrls of t'i© "'liysiolaa 

Sra'.nine for a Lifo Ins'ircnc.T .'gent 

Training for Librar'-anshlp 

Training for the electric rtailway Buaineas 

TraUil'T^i f '. r t".e "f3\''gr :i>>f)r ^vade 

Trainins of a Forester 

'."raininj;" cf a "o^'^sfniir. 

Y.::.C.'.. Secretaryship. 

The Younc "an ?.nd ""eaching 

Yoimg and the Law 

Industrial and :.:ec"ianioal 

llani! factor ins 

Pr'ntinr; Trades 
Pooley, Tn. "I. TQ:stlle9 

P. '.V. Kelly & P. J. Allen Shipbuilaing 'n^ustry 

Dooley, '-a- 'I. i^anu?! of ChccJialcin^ 

Shaw, ?• L. 


Crane, . u. 

Griffith, l.r. 

Turner, Perrigo and Palrfis d 

Hiscock, u. P« 

Lewis 4 Charidler 

Buolier, 3. K. 

Brokssi " Starr 

Standard Practical Plumbing 

Cperatlni?, Constr.'Ctinf, ?n;i lopairinc 

American Stationary InglnaeBing 


liaohlne Shop '"ork 

ITcdern Ctean "ugluGorlns 

Popwlar Handbook for C'l'^Bnt and Concrete 

Practical ' ireloss '?elegraphy 
Ant OP) ol-) lie Hen fit o ok 

Co'-irioroial and -"erciintilo 

Opdycke, J*B* 
Calkint, ".1. . 

TipT'er, Hoooingy^/orth, ..otoril-ris.-, 

Fisko, A. II. 
Agcer, J."^. 

Clerical aiid Office "oj* 

Advertisinn and Selling Practice 
The B^isinosa of .'Ivert'sing 
rrinoiplos of AdvorBising 

l^lie -lodorn 3ank 
Organized 3aii; 

Spencer, ':.L. 

/ av 

The Efficient Secretary 

Killer, II .T. 
Gallowa»7, Lee 
Cahill, ::.F. 
UcClelland, ^. C 


n. P. Sttinger & D. I:. GolUb 
C'Leary, I.^. 
Hough, .0. 

Uechanloal DrnftfcAg 

Of floe L'anagenont 

Office ''wtotioe 

OlTioe Traiains and Standards 

Credits and Collections 
Berartraent Store Cccupations 
Practical ""jcporting 
Textbook on letall Selling 

Barrett, II.J. 
Hoover, S.H. 



Accounting and Auditing 

Bassett, ''.'.R. 
Kester, "".B. Vol.l&2. 

Journal lam 

Harrington !: Frankenburg 
Bleyer, '. G. 
Orcutt, TT.D. 


Sullivan, J.J. 

Thcmaa Con^Tigton 4 E.A.33alrt 

Nichols & Rogers 


'Sdited b^ />.. '.V.Shaw 

Kcff! to Sell Uore Goods 

Science and Art of Saleenantfil? 

Accounting as an Aid to Business Profits 
Accounting Theory and "'ractlce 

Essentials in Joumalion 
Kev/spaper "ritlng and editing 
Il'riter's Desk Book 

Araerican Bi.isiness Law 
Busnoss Law 
Caniercial Lscp? 

Handling "en 

Getting aud Xeepins a Job 

Shi die 
Forbes, B.C. 
Zllduff, -3 .J, 
Hall, S.H. 

Hayward, "'.R. 

Handling Uon^ 


Galninc the Hound Above 
Getting t^e Job You v;ant 
Keys to Success 

How to Choose and Get a Better Job 
Ilov/ to Get a ''oaltlon and Hot/ to Toep it 

Honey: "Tiat It Is and How to Use It 

'.Toods Hutchinson 
Valter Canp 

A Handbook of Health 
Health and How to Keep It 

I 3 

Irving Fiaher and 

I.E. Dwyer 
Gardner, ^.H. 
RaiTOond, C.H. 

Growln, ".B. 

GrOWili, I.B. 

Edited by A." .Shsar 


How to Live 

Keeping in Condition 

Letter rrlting 

BuslnoBs Letter 

Effective Business '.ettera 
Uodern Business "rltlng 

Psychology and Sociology 

Devel opine "ilxeoutive Ability 
Executive aiid Tiis Control of 
Parsonallty in Businoss 


■:. U' 

The Sex 'Education Program 

The program for the month of Ilaroh calls for epeolal onphaai* 
upon "Family ■Relatione" and provides an opportunity for the intro- 
duction of the Bex question. Great care must be taken in the 
presentation of this subject and the leaders should have some care- 
ful coaching before introducing the subject for group discussion. 

As suggested in the weakly progran for Ilfirdh the s hject is 
best broken up into three phases: First, Sex and Life, when the 
OTiphasis la placed upon t>ie physical side of t];e question and the 
Fireside rro^rjan calls for a talk by a rell-qualifiea doctor and 
a movin.!^ pictrire obtainable frcra the st^te de^iartnent of education 
v;h?,ch details the biology of life, is shov/n. Second, "Seat and 
JJanhood", when the importpjice of a clean life to character Is 
presonted and a v.-o!nan speeikeT invited in to present the topic, 
"The Ideal Boy frora a Girl's Point of Vie?/". Third: "Sex and 
Religion in the presentation of which t'ne religious urge in 
evory boy as a means of conquering tenptation is orplained a:id 
emphasized. This leads up very well to the s-jecial religious am- 
phasis preceding ISaster which imnediately follov.'s. 

The discussions as outlinea in the boOItlet"Life l^oblemsT 
tak« up this subject in these thru phasos and will be useful 
in directing the presentation to the group. A well phrused appeal 
such as the following may sum up tho questions. 


Your first duty in life is toward your after-self. TO 
live that ycur aftorself-the man you ou{^t to he- nay in his tine 
be . osrible and actual. 

7ar av.ay in the years he is waitinc his turn. His body, 
his brain, his soul, are in your boyish hands. IIo cannot help 

"."hat will you leave for him? 

/ i^ 

Will It be a brain unspoiled by luat or dlBBipatioil: 
a mind bo trained to think and act; a norvous ajstetn tn;e as a 
dial in its resronBe to th« j^ruth about you? 'ill ycu. Boy, lot 
him octne as a man among men in his time? 

Or will i'cu t:irov7 away his inheritance before he hao hrid 
the chanoe to touch it? "ill you turn over to hlra a brain dis- 
torted, a mind diseased; a V7ill trained to action; a si'inal 
cord gromi t'lrough and tlirou(^ with the devil grass we call wild 

"Ill you let him cono, tokins your nlaoe, gainine t'lrouf^ 
yo»r experience, happy in your friendship, hallowed through your 
joys, building on thorn his osm? 

Op will you fline it all away decreeing, wantonlike, that the 
man you might have been shall never bo? 

This is your probla:^ in life- the problen vastly more 
important to you than ar\i/ or all others. How w 11 you meet it, 
as a man or aa a fool? It is your problera toda^ and every dqy, 
and the hour of your decision is t'le crisis in your destiny. 

—David St-.^r Jordan. 

Personal interviews with individual boys is one of the 
best ways to emphasizo this phase of the program and an invitar- 
tion for s^ich an interview v/itli the le^ider or Secretary or other 
oanpetent person should be given to each boy. 

Special "AOllglouB "^farhagte 

As has "been pointed out several times t}ie entire progrsn 
is fundamentally religious — a cood deal of it of t'le definitely 
practical sort. But certain fcnaa of expression and definite 
religious ed cation emihasls must not bo overlooked. 

The meetings of ench '^st, should open v;ith prayer and 
hyrans should be a«d occasionally in t:ie larger group meetings that 
ar« particularly religious. The boys should bo encoura ed to 
attend lnsT)i rational conferences, etc., particularly tlie Ider 
Boys Conference promoted by the state conmlttee. The organisation 
and functions of the Innor Circle has already- been dealt with. 

The month of April has bee.i set aside as a tlno for special 
emphasis upon the i^ligious objective of the Brotherhood, It 
is particularly fitting hore for several reasons. In the first 
place it is well to have it come ell alone 1^^ the program after 
other practical phases of the worlc have been carried on for it 
avoids the antaeonlBn v*ich may be around if it Is stressed too 
strongly at the first, and furt-ieiraore if the boys have been led 
to feel, as they afiiould be, the religious motive which underlies 
all the work tliat has preceded, t;iey will voluntarily seek a 
bettor understanding of the religion v/hich prompts that v/ork. 
Also the religious emphasis at the close of tie Sex education 
"rogram leads up to this period which in t«m leads up to 
Saster with its customary Church Uenborehip emphasis. 

The weekly outline sugnosts tlie f ollov/lr*g tentative 
division of the subject which aa^'^ be adapted as the leader sejs 
fit. The first week a discussion of rJellgion and its Signi- 
ficance, including sonething of the "iitory and , 


/ J 7 

of it. The practical application any well "he brou^llit out tj 

a talk by a business man in Religion and Business at the Firesldo 

Hooting. The second week brings in the discussion of tl^e church 

and a presentation of its claLas upon youn^^ men. ?ho third 

week a distinct a'.terapt should be made to present the real 

dynaaic frrce of religion by showing t'le outstandins place 

in the dcvolopmont of man and in t'le history of t;iG world and 

clinching tlie idea with a talk Iq^ a reforned gambler or a 8"milar 

type of speaker, rinaly in the fourth wook the broad world 

wide aspect cf religion should be stressed including a consideration 

of Christianity in its relation to the other religions of t::e world 

During the two weeks preceding "faster the Go-To-Church 
Stampede as outlined in the prograra should be carefully worked 
ott. Here again fche rJ^rscnal interview will prove of great value 
and just to the extent that it is used effectivoly with each in- 
dividual boy, by the leadors a^id the boys v/ho ire church nenb rs 
themselves in influencing these fellows to decid for the 
Christian life and lime up with the the church to that extent 
only will the v;ork be crowned v;ith the hi Jiest success. 

/ * ■» 

The Svmnner Progran 

Althou^ the progran does not Include a detailed schedule 
of activities for the snnraer months, the club should by no 
means be discontiuued. Thore will be vactions and other internets 
which will parhaps prevent an Intensive proerara, but the 
variety of activities afforded at t'vat time of year should be 
taken advantage of. Mikes, weel< end camps and if possible a 
special camp period should be given particular attention at this 
time. The environment ifforded at camp provides an opportunity 
for the leader to "get next" to the boys in his jjroup in a vra^ 
that is not otherp;ise pes ible a;id this opportunity should 
be utilized to best advantage. 

As a particular phase cf t'le stimmer pro£Tara is the Labor 
Day Setting Up Conference lield from SatuWay to Monday' at cam , 
and including the leaders and potential boy leaders fran all 
Posts, '"hile t" ere should be the us.ial canp activities with 
special anphasis upon inter-. ost activities t: ere should also 
be sone, intensive wor'c done In studying the progran and outlining 
eventsfor the coming season vrhicli \7ill ocnooni aiid include all 

The most satiifaotory way to get at this, and to Insure the 
interest and cooperation of the hoys was to sot up several com- 
missions, ask each delegation to appoint representations and then 
to Cirefully canptle their findings. Coramisaions mi ht be set 
to work on such considerations} asj 

(1) The Inter-Post Athletic ctivities; 

(2) The Special Jiocial ::yent3 of the yoarj 
(a) The Religious Trogran; 

(4) The Pind Yourself Campaign; 

(5) ^ffritterahip and .'rcmotion, etc. 

This ocnference If properly conduoted will give the work 
an impetus that tsIII atart it v:oll on the wa^>- to a s'.ccesalnl 
and wortli wMle year. 

thor Croolul iro turoB. 

Tfioro r.To a oousldirsble nxabor cf othor s:">efll:-l fo-.turea 
tliat shoulil 1)3 raontioued h'lro bnt viiic^i caanct 'io do7olo:<wi In 

of t :e b;y8 aaturall/ turn tc so'iool, orA ao f loir tLno is Mt 
apart for speoiil a^sj'Jiciis xriion the all Ln rt^nt eduontlonal 
oK"eetiTo o" to Brot''or^\ood, Tio ini ortanoe and val«o of an 
od-.cntlcn sliculd to aa-S tho aut,!ect cf a olub ?iQ:>tlnj:; d'ocisolcn. 
The iaiortc-.-JCB a..<i vnl'-.o of si «<; -o- ti-n a'l-; 1] bo :n''de fie ffibjott 
of a club Bsctlng 3isc-. ssion. "":: a 82>:':jr at t'le riroeldo "eot- 
inc s'';3ll slso atrsss this s-bjset. lie boys ahonld bo Intejv 
▼l«wed IndiTlaually aid r,rgod to t-.-:o ir- n'f.t 9e'i<x>l or ocrrea- 
ponde ice stuj^-. " re sho'jld b^ t"^en tqfcee t'i';t t"ie ached .led 
aotiv'tlea of t'-;e est ^o net con**llct vtlth t'-.o -li^t sohool 
class 8chod-;lo« Tior is a flno op:ort-:nlt;' here for a oleM 
cooperation betvzeen ftie ?eorotiiry fcr 3o:,'a '^nd tie Tidi^c tlonal 
Blrect-jr, and It sJicold be ntlli::?od to the fullest oxtont. 

''ealth '"eo>: ""^ijraioal Visor" Is the objective to b j 
crsr'haalaed darln Cctobor. ^-io club diacnsBions Include aiidh 
topiCB HB "Iloalth "nbita". "Zeerln'- "'it" and "?»io -^hios of ■"la:-" 

le usual the '"ireslde rc^rsa will correlate .ith this 
•peeial enplinsls. .'. larc^ -rjount of uaofnl taatorial p^ar^ilotat 
etc., cri.". be obtalnod froa t o o't, , at te and national "oalth 
Bureaua. Thsrc a-?© a mjaber of moving; pict-iro flkie tl-Wtt o:.n 
be uBod to adv nta^e hero. 

-ervloe: NoTonbjr Is g'-'^QJ^ OTer to a oonal. 'aeration of t".e 

subject of aervice aiid provides an op;ortunlt^ fo^ a proaontitlon 

of t'le ideal of turTloe, l>oth fraa t'l^olnt of t1w» o? oitlaan- 
eidp anJ of social and Christian seiv/'ice t m afr^noSos In l.o oobw 
nonlty s>;ch a t ^e oharoi'i9o and t:.o 'anooiatlon. Ilk oltlaenship 
proeran raa^.' w«ll centor src^md *rsi9*.leo r~'sy ond s:)«oi&l astlv- 
itlet in t'lst ccnn9etlon» while the opr'ort-.nlt. for t ;0 ox. roaalojx 
of Chretlan service oaa bo IntrcdaceO t'.m _ l l aotwty 

at ThiinlrBijlvlnc tiaot euoh ae t"io ta'rln;^ of "baslcote to the 
poor, etc. 

UnlTore 1 3rctherhoO'3 le the special enphasla in 
and oa>i 1)0 vjr^ well llakel up with epeolal Cljrlobnaa riCtlvioloe 
end with tho rTQ^^'^it'-tlon oT t'«e etory of t5io atlront of the 
"Gre-.tost "Drecnago in -istor;' - t ya ve Glirlat. In this 
ocainectlcn^ altho* aa s. phaao of tho I'.orch Proeran in t'le 
poaslbilltioa in and ?ali:oB aooruin' frcra i'va rr.aaotion of a 
Torld Outlook Club ancais tae Poats. 

Briefly the plan la ae follOiva. ?ho world v.ldo aq>an80 
of t^-o . Bsooiation llcvensat la proaentod, tho aeedo of t;ie 
other people toruout tho wcrld aro pointed out and tho >/oya aro 
aalced to Join t:ie '""crlcl 'utlooK Clnu" as an indic-tlon of t>ielr 
Intoroat aivJ deal re t: help in tlie further ing of that v;ork, "ho 
duoa pre Tv'M five to twenty-five oe .ta per t^ojIc for a period 
of ton veoks. ll.e inheroat ft3?oal of the foreign country together 
with a earofully wcr^uod out ocaarotitive plan hetwooii r^oata in 
aocurlac raanbera, will nake thla e:30i^l flnphaaia thorouc^hl,'- v :rt' 
t9hlle ae a aeona of^. t :e b 7« horlacn and alao 
proTiiUnc an opportunity for j-ut^ia: iato practioo the '^laro with 
Cthera" idea aaphaalaed In f ^ Clirift Ccnpaicn. 

Thd only otTvor o^Jootlon not yst, toa<Sh«'T u on In our ocn- 
e'der-.t^.nn to th-t of "hclosorsa ~oor*atlon« 1\'b Isv^rTroi 'ntc 
th9 procT^n In ^ef as a noftna both of ta-orinc off Vm9 Intoiis'ivo 
j^Tocrm ot jrecodlnc nontt^s end also of loacUn^: Into a a aiwr 
prograa of spMial activities larg-jly of rooroatlcnal nr.tnre. 

Athletic ;icet8 and Toumanonts. 

Although t}io actual ooaJuct of the rocjilor r^o-d ' '^ 
ties Is tumod ovar to t'ie 'lyslcal '^aotl«3n jet fior siioul! 
oloeo co-relation 'botw3o;i tho progrsn --v!ilo'j they oondaot a.%i tMt 
directly s^ipervlsed by V.c Boys "^eorotary. 'Jhe prcnotljn of 
ar-ooial efntep-ost :'3eota, lea^aos, etc., v,lll prolv.Tjly fell to the 
lot of t ■ 9 Boys Secretary and will provide a neans for thq/Stkm- 
latlon of Intortfst on V.e part of all 'octa ar^oh as no 
special activity will 4o. C:.rofiil plrjaiinc: md o sr etont 

••pervlslon will iDjrovont a^v 'aiB-ndor-jtonliri... -.ia^iutoa "iThich, 

If allO!7ed to ooour, roader a g1\ er:-^\t2 ?.t_r homful than othor^ 
viae* /e zx soiernl thine ocra] etitlon t?' tts oth>r than rootGnlsa* 
''oats or ' 6800 1 at ion older hoys orc^inlsatlona, should bo die- 

Si'ccial -lichts. :ev--»rcl si^cial ev? :lng iToerriis are 
provided laoludiagi (1] "Boys a.d "csnoo Tight, whan t-.o hoys 
should bring t7lt/. th«i worae (Hxa of their miperiors for ^m 
CToainc cf sood fan and fr3llcv.-a:!ip, rill do laach tc •ra-.te a 
better feollnc botveor. tho boys and t'iS n^n for \-rnitn thoy 'v rv. 
(2) ^.lotliert qM. sisters lig'it, :7i's coraoa in connection tith 
Kother's r^ and can be rrsade a very worth vlillo aff-Jfr. n 
opport'jn ty for tho mothers to aoot tto 3oy8 "ecrot-.^r;- ana f.o 
leaders and seo eoraeth'ns of tho zrosfm carried on Trill prao- 

tioally always reaot favorably upon the work and u:>on the boy, 
fltiinulatin:j his at'ontin gnd fi.rt;ijr (3) li'ataer's 
Night — Th" 8 rast^ well take the f oru oi' a Father aiid Son 3an 'uot 
with all tiiat aich a progrt^:; iiioludes. (4) Brine Your ^al Nig^it— 
This should "bo repeated ocoaalonalV thru tlio year uu-A stressed 
pfiurt i cularly during any special morabership effort that la put 
on, particularly In Gotobor. if the boys are enthusiastic about 
the progran and the opportunities widch it offers tlien, they will 
not find it difficult to grin^ in other fellofws, and the ocaing of 
now iae:nbers will only feed fuel to the fire of that enthusiasm. 
The boys should bo made to fool thoir rosponsibilit,/ for bringing 
other boys into the club not only for v,hct it offers but aa a 
means of drawing than awa^' from other interests in less f ivorable 
and probably harmful envircanent. 


As alread^r pointed out the treatment of this subject or 
aiy phase of it la not clairaod or Intended to be oonplote. It 
Is a subject capable of almost liiaitleas devolonaent in all its 
Tarious phases. The comparative newno»s of t'le idea of a 8t^ong^- 
ly coordinated . rograra rsndors nrach of the sn-itori&l horo presented 
of onl, transitory Tr.lUQ and it is hoped that it will bo at least 
saiggestive in the shapine of a more conplete and improved progrem 
to meet t'le needs of this grcup. 

The following report on 'Ekiployed Boys ".'orlc Is appe .ded as 
showing the importance of the develoimont of this progrsci as seen 
ty Boys "orkers. It also shows sane Important trends. 

^rs^?!^ :'F ^.n. cciniTr:". cu s.:?loY3d 30ys* v;ohk 


MEETINa H::LE at tie Y.H.C.A. CCLLSG^, aCNDAY, Mi3Ca 13th, 1923. 

The work of the Coranittee had previously been divided anonc the 
Coranlttee monbors. The toiJics for discussion were: 

J. Nane. 11; Objeo'ivc. III. Constitution. IV. >-irposo. 

7. Standards. 
The Cosraittee was expected to prepare sone such standard for the 
"Einployed boys' Club as has been worked out for Vie "Ili-Y" clubs. 
Ttie results of t'.e dinicussicn, v/ lich was loligthy, can be sumrar-rizod 
as follows: 

1. Uarae, The best nsrae for every possible rjnployed 3oys' 
group, meeting the needs of Cldor 3oys, and Young Hen, broad 
in scope and application, was folt to be "Y Indus Club," The 
name is suggested as an inclusive naae, and under th.s heading 
clubs may adopt any local naao v.'hich is best suitable to tlie 
local situation. 

IIT. Constlturion. The Coaraittee di ^ not fool it was necessary 
to Bugcest a standard const" tution as that should bo loft 
to the local Association and so built as to rae jt host the local 

lY. Purpose. Considerable attention w s given to fraaing a 
Cvreful stcteaent of purpose. Tne final st^tcsaent proposed 
reads as follows: 

♦The "^irposo cf t'la Y Indus Club' 
To prove an oportunity fcr '^ployed Boys and young man to d; to lop 
their lives aocordln:: to fie exaaplo sot f:rth in tie life and teach- 
ing of Jesus Christ, - and to uso snch personal development fo» tli© 
extension of His J'ingdora anonf other youns men in indxjstry, and 
other relatlcns'ups of life. 

7. standards. The final agreetnent in standards closjly followed 
the "Hi-Y" Standard Tests. Thoy are arranged, hov/ovcr, to fit the 
needs and possl^jl attalnnents of an iiiployed Boys' Group, 


1. Club of at le st twelve raonbers, su^eorlbin^' to the declaration 
of pwrposo as sot dov/n in the Y-Indus Club platfora. 

2. Cne adult loader and at leant tv/o advisors. 

?• Club nust send names and adaresses of '"resideit aid adult 
loader, copy of the Constitution, and a regular annual report 
to t'le office of the Ttate Coiiaittee of the ":.::.C.\. 

4. r.!eetinc at least once a month of the '.dvisory group. 

Standard Clubs. 

1* Hust have met registered requirements. 

2. Minimum enroll lent of twelve, anci average attendance of six, 
"iJnrolInent requires attendance three tinea, 

3. The club to carry cut at least two unself'-sh Service tasks, 
porforaed as a club group during t"'o ye r. 

4. Scoe portion of the Club program to provide at least once a 
weel: for sone ;thletic activity. 

5* A Discussion Meeting, at least t^vico a month in which some 
such bo ol^ as C. C. 'Robinson's "Cliristlan Teachings in Social 
and rlcononic uestions"' is ut^od. 

6. Club represented at one of t'le following Stnte Older 'oys' 
Conferences: Tet up Conference (Local or otrte), 

7. At least f i f^ • percent of the club signed up as at least 
agreed in principle and life in the nine-fold objectives. 


1. Club must have met StrJidard ""equirenerits. 

2. "egular Bible Ctudy p-^rticipatea in by at loast six club menbere 
for a period of ten weeks. 

3. '.'.here a council of employed Boys' Clubs o::l8ts, membership and 
particip- tion in the central body. 

4. Conduct of a "Find Yourself" oarapaign for Vocntional Guidance; 
of a "Four C's" progr-m or canpaisn; or of some other organised 
effort for the better;.ent of ornployecl boys. 

5. Snrollment in Ki^t School of at least lOf: of the Club aem'bership. 

6. it levct 50^ of t:ie Club membership as aombers in good standing 
of Bome Church bocy. 

7. Help in organizing; and getting into operation at least one new 
club either of employed boys or of yotmger boys, 

8. 75^5 of the Club intervie^,ved personally and signed up for the 

Club declaration of purpose. 





1923 We 6218 


A program for employed boys' clubs 
and its use