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THE Big Department Store on Third Avenue celebrates 
its sixteenth year of success, and while it can point 
to no grey hairs nor aspire to the title of being an old 
landmark, it is the embodiment of the newest ideas in 
progressive retailing. It occupies its own building, 60x 
1 60 feet on the south side of the Avenue, embracing three 
floors and a basement — each floor carefully arranged, 
lighted and fitted for the purpose for which it was designed. 

The store has established an enviable reputation for 
quality and variety of its merchandise and its strictly one 
price policy has been the means of building up an 
enormous trade within a few years. 

From a very small and modest beginning it has 
grown to first place in the retail trade of the city. Each 
department is presided over and managed by a competent 
head, under whose direction a trained sales force supplies 
the throng of shoppers who daily pour through the big 
doors. New arrivals in merchandise and special sales 
make the store a place of interest the year round. 

Mr. Charles N. Anderson and W. H. Newcomb. Jr., 
who manage the big establishment, are both men of 
aggressive business ideas, carefully trained in the art of 
retailing, have had long experience in their respective 
fields, and to whose untiring efforts much of the present 
success of the store is due. 

Improvement has been the watchword all along the 
line in every department of the store; the business has 
enjoyed a steady and healthy growth all along the line 
from the beginning, and the public thinks it a first-class 
place to purchase good merchandise at a fair price. 



We^ Virginia Brewing Co.'s 


^Tesenmeier B rew^^ 


''W. Va. Special Export^^ 


West Virginia Brewing Co. 



The staunch little city of Guyandotte 
has been an eye witness to the birth, 
growth and maturity — to the rapid ad- 
vancement of the once small, but now the 
Largest Clothing, Furnishing and Tailor- 
ing House in the state — It has given its 
full share of patronage toward the building 
of this successful business — for which we 
truly thank its residents. 

The same high standard of quality, 
style and work manship by which we were 
identified in the beginning, will be upheld 
and maintained in the future. 

Northcott-Tate-Hagy Co. 

Formerly G. A. NORTHCOTT & CO. 


J. C. Carter & Co. 





The Huntington Herald- Dispatch 



The foremost Republican Daily in Southern 
West Virginia. 

Member Associated Press—special corre- 
spondents in all the principal cities of the 
Middle West and Stmth. 

Night telegraph news a feature. 

Papers' delivered by carrier in all towns 

adjacent to Huntington reached by railroad and 
interurban lines. 

For sale by all news agencies. 

The Huntington Herald- Dispatch 





Huntington, - West Virginia 

Was Designed and Printed 


Standard Printing & Publishing Co. 

Huntington, :-: We^ Virginia 



Guyandotte Centennial 

1810-1910 . 

Home Coining Celebration 

PublUhed by 

The Guyandotte Centennial and 

Cabell County Home Coming Association 





T IS MEET, that, in the begin niii<>-. there should be an apology for 
^L^ this publication. Under the circumstances, it was almost, if not 
absolutely, a necessity that something of tlie kind be issued, but the 
work was not undertaken in sufficient time and is consequently, crude and 
inartistic. The preparation for the Uuyandotte Centennial and Cabell County 
Home Coming Celebration has been marked from the beginning by a tendency 
to procrastinate, which once threatened to result in the wrecking of al 
the plans of the Association and its friends. 

This is therefore, an apology, not for the celebration itself, which needd 
no apology, we think, but for this book, which should represent a year oi 
careful planning, thinking and writing, whereas it does represent but a fe\y" 
hours of disjointed effort. Its purpose is to «-ommemorate the centennia 
celebration, and it is to be hoped that it is not entirely lacking in value 
as a souvenir. 

In these opening paragraphs there is "attorded au opportunity for a 
tribute to the one man, who more than any other, is responsible for the SU' 
cess of this occasion. That man is Captain (leorge Selden Wallace, of Hunt 
ington. Captain Wallace came to the assistance of the Association whe? 
the prospect for the centennial seemed less favorable than it ever had befor 
and by his strong personality and tireless ettort. infused into the movement 
the spirit which has brought it to this liappy culmination. 

The energy and executive ability which he put into the preparations for 
this event are characteristic of the man. JJorn in Virginia, after the wa 
his opportunities marred by the conditions of reconstruction, he started i» 
life as a telegrapher in the employ of the Chesapeake ^V: Ohio Railway Coiy 
pany, in which capacity he continued until he was elevated to the positit 
of train dispatcher, which he subseiiuentiy left to take up the study of law. 
Graduating from the State University at Morgantown, he entered upon t 
practice of his profession here, and in the years succeeding has built up a 
large clientele. He served as prosecuting attorney of Cabell County frc 
1904 to 1908, being the only democrat to hold that office since the count,, 
first went republican in the early nineties. 

Much more might be said of him. but it is not necessary to say nu 
than this: 

Without his assistance our enterprise must have failed. 



The Guyandotte Centennial and 
Cabell County Home Coming Association 


HE IDEA of a Guyandotte Centennial celebration has been in i 
since it was announced a few years ago that the one hundredtL 
versary of the municipality would fall in 1010. The celebnitioi 
however, did not take form until last April when a number of the c 
of Guyandotte met at the call of J. M. Heale and organized the Guya 
Centennial and Cabell County Home Coming Association, the object of 
was defined as being the celebration of the one hundredth annivers 
the foundation of the town of Guyandotte. The date for the celel 
was fixed for July 4, 1910. The Association elected John M. Beale, prej 
Henry 0. Thornburg, vice president; Wiatt Smith, secretary, and 1' 
W. Dugan, treasurer. These officers were supplemented by various c 
tees to which much of the work was delegated and by which it was 
plished, and to the members of which great credit for the success 
celebration must be given. 



IP j\'EN as age lends body and rtavoi- to wine, it lends interest and even 
^^ sometimes, a glamor of i-omance to communities and to commonwealths. 
IffiSJ In this new land where a century backwards takes us to pioneer days, 
there is less reverence for age, perhaps, than elsewhere, but this reverence is 
coming now that the institutions of modernism have so far outstripped 
of past years. In this day, when the approaching completion of the airshij) 
seems to justify dreams of the day when the railroad shall be obsolete, the 
most pro.saic of us are bound to consider with interest the fact that not 
much more than a century ago a doughty Frenchman, one James Guian. came 
afoot over the mountains and explored the valley of the river which we know 
as the Guyandotte, and that a town sprang up on the east bank of this river 
and was for half a century the terminal of a great cross country stage coach 
line, which ended its usefnlne.^JS when tiie Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Com- 
pany found its way through and acro.^s the mountains. And there is interest, 
too, and food for thought, in the fact that (Uiyandotte cea.sed to be an im- 
portant trading center when the stage line ceased to be a factor in commerce. 


By an act of the Assembly of Virginia, passed in 1S09. that portion 
of the County of Kanawha, extending from the Big Sandy up the Ohio river 
to the mouth of the Little Guyandotte, and thence with the Mason (.'ounty 
line to the Teays Valley, etc., was constituted the County of Cabell. The 
same act appointed a conmiission to locate a county seat and a place for the 
public buildings. On May 9, 1809, the commission made the following report: 

" We, John Shrewsbury, William Clendennin, John Reynolds, Jesse 
Bennett and David Ruft'ner, appointed to locate the public buildings under 
the act, etc., taking into consideration the convenience and inconvenience 
of the population, and interest of the county, do fix the mouth of the Guyan- 
dotte, on the upper side, in the middle of a field, occupied by William Hold- 
erby, as the most practicable place for said public buildings, etc." 

To this day the older citizens of (juyandotte refer to the ground which 
constituted this field as the "court house s<iuare." This .square consisted of 
one hundred feet on either side of what is now Bridge Street and extending 
from Main Street back to the alley which separated the lots abutting on 
Main Street from those abutting on Guyan. and included Bridge Street itself, 


from what is now tlie intei-seftiou uf Main Street biu-k to this alley. This 
ueeessitated the formation of the town of Guyiu\a»)tte. the history of which 
will be dealt with subseciiiently. 

The first justices of Cabell County were Manoah Uostic. Marie Uussell. 
and Henry Brown. Edward Morris was the clerk. Thomas Ward was ap 
pointed sheriCf, February U, 18()!). with Jeremiah Ward, Nathaniel Scales 
and M. Bostic, sureties on his bond. On July 2, 181U Henry Brown was 
appointed sheriff of the county by the governor of Virginia, and he gave 
bond with Edmund Morris, Mark Uussell, Henry Haynic and John Holers; 
as his sureties. 

In a volume of the West Virginia Historical Magazine, published in 
Charleston in 1901, is the following which is of interest in this connection 
'• We have thus, at an early day, the Buttingtons, from the County o 
Hampshire, the Hamptons and Browns, from I'rince William County, th' 
Scales, from North Carolina, and Mark Russell, from Mecklenburg, nea 
the North Carolina line. 

"Across the mouth of the fluyandotte there was a ferry, as there wa 
also across the Ohio, both owned by Thomas Buffington. 

••The county road from C.uyandotte to Big Sandy was along the rivq 
hank, with large sycamore, elm and other trees on the bank on both suh 
of the road. The early farm houses were built near this road and the fir 
below Guyandotte was that of the Buttingtons. then that of Robert Adnni 
then that of Jeffrey Russell, then James Buftington, who afterwards mov( 
to Ohio, and John Rus.sell took his place. Robert Adams' place went 
Col. William Buftington. afterwards to his daughter, Mr.*?. Judge Hagen. T 
Jeffry Russell and John Russell farms went to Col. William Buftington ai 
afterwards to his son-. Dr. John N. Buffington. ' 

•'John Laidley, after the war in 1812, located in Cabell County, marri 
Mary Scales Hite, and was the attorney for the commonwealth all his li 
He bought the farm next below the Russell farm and moved there in F 
ruary, 1828, and afterwards built thereon. This was known as the N 
place. Jacob Hite had purchased the farm next below and conveyed it 
his brother, William Hite. 

" Dr. William Paine owned next below. Then came the property 
Mrs. Lane, and then the farm of the Staley family. 

*' In 1811-12 Henry Hampton sold to George and John Holenback, i 
farms, and Hampton (Dr. Henry) lived on the farm on which the acadt 
was afterwards located, the James Holderby farm. Mark Russell purcha 
next below and lived the rest of his life thereon; this passed to James Gi" 
gher, afterwards to his son-in-law, James Harvey Poage. 

''The next farm below was rhat of Major Nathaniel Scales, which al 
wards was the home of Frederick G, L. Beuhring. 


"Just below the Scales farm came that of Richard- and Dr. Renjamin 
Brown. Richard sold out to the Doctor and moved to the forks of the 
I'.io- Sandy, and Dr. Brown re.<<ided on his farm until his death in 1S4S, when 
(his farm passed to Albert Laidley. who had married Vesta Brown. The 
farm next below was known as the Stribling farm. 

•• Then came the farm of C'apt. Samuel Johnston, who purchased of 
Fleiiry Clark in 1S40. Then came the farm of Isaac Johnston, and next 
was that of Alexander Pine, and then the farm of Jfrs. Bellamy, and then 
.>rartin Hull, and then in order. Williiim Poa^ie. James Poage, James Negley, 
at the mouth of Four Pole, the MiCormicks and Handleys. whicli took to 
the mouth of Twelve Pole Creek, and below are found Thonms L. Jordan 
and the Morgan Bottom to Big Sandy." 

*^-- -■^'^^«v7?4i 





William Buffington came from Pennsylvauia and settled iu Hampshire 
County prior to 1857, and received from Captain John Savage, in 1772, his 
interest in the grant of Crown lands for services rendered in the French 
and Indian war. By will, dated 1774, and recorded in August, 1784, he di- 
rected the conveyance of this land to his sons. Thomas and William Buffing- 
ton, in trust for all of his children, and the deed was made in 1785. There 
are mentioned in this will the names of Joel, Thomas, William, David, 
Richard, Jonathan, Susanna, Kuth and Mary, sons and daughters, and Mary, 
his wife. | « 

Thomas and Jonathan Buffington came to the Savage grant and the 
former took active control of it. The Buffingtons now residing in T'abell 
County are descended from him and his wife, Anna Cline, whom he married 
in 1775. Twelve children were born to this couple, but only four of them 
lived to be grown. They were William, Susan, Rebecca and James. Susan 
married Martin Hull and died young. Rebecca married John Ru.ssell. and 
James married a Miss Layne and moved to Ohio. 

Therefore Col. William Buffington was the sole propagator of his father's 
line in Cabell County. He was born in 1787, and died in 1858. His wife 
was Nancy Scales, a native of North Carolina. By profession he was a 
surveyor of lands and he was incidentally commander of a regiment of militia. 
He built a home at Cedar Grove, and this property, known as the old Buff- 
ington homestead is still standing near the Ouyandotte point, just below 
the Emmons home. He enjoyed vast possessions, owning both land and 
slaves and his income was large. 

Peter Cline Buffington, 1814-1875, was the oldest son of Col. William 
Buffington. After receiving his education at Kenyon College, Ohio, he be- 
came a surveyor. During later years he represented the county in the legis- 
lature and was commissioner of forfeited and delinquent lands. He was the 
first mayor of the City of Huntington. 

Three sons and one daughter of Col. Peter Cline Buffington now reside 
in Huntington. These are Dr. E. S. Buffington, Peter Cline Buffington, and 
Garland Buffington, and ilrs. Frank B. Enslow. 


Among other descendants of the Buffington family who reside in I'abell 
County are the descendants of Judge William H. Hagen, who married Mary 
Jane, rbe eldest daughter of Col. William Buttington. and whose children. 
H. B. Hagen, James Hagen. Mrs. Harry C Harvey, Mrs. Nannie Thompson 
and Mrs. Stella Fontaine. 


John Laidley was the original representative of his family in Cabell 
County. He went from this county to serve in the army of the ['nited States 
(luring the war of 1812, after the close of which he returned to Guyandotte 
and engaged in the practice of law. He became prosecuting attorney of the 
county and filled this office until the time of his death in 1S63. 

Of his sons it is probable that Albert played the greatest part in the 
development of the county. He married, as is stated elsewhere between these 
covers, Vesta Brown, daughter of Dr. Benjamin Brown. After the death 
of his father-in-law, he purchased the Brown estate and lived there. He 
conducted a store, was postmaster, and managed his farm and a saw mill, 
built steamboats and raised stock. He lost heavily in the late fifties, but 
was able to pay off all of his debts, after which he gave up his business and 
read law, being subsequently elected to the legislature of Virginia. After 
the war he sold to C. P. Huntington much of the land which now comprises 
the City of Huntington. 

William Sydney Laidley, another son of John Laidley, resides at present 
in Charleston. He is one of the foremost students of the state's history and 
is particularly interested in the history of Cabell County. 

Helen M. Laidley, the youngest daughter of John Laidley, married Lewis 
H. Burks, and she still resides in Huntington. The father of John Laidley 
came from Scotland and settled on the Monongahela, where he held more 
than 25,000 acres of land under patent. 


Jacob and William Hite, sons of John Hite, of Rockingham County, the 
latter a grandson of Jost Hite, the pioneer of the Shenandoah, were the 
first members of that family to come to Cabell County. Jacob came to the 
Savage grant in 1808 and purchased a tract on the Guyandotte about raid- 
way between what is now Guyandotte and Barboursville. He also purchased 
land on the Ohio and this he subsequently sold to his brother William. Wil- 
liam Hite resided in his later days in Guyandotte. and his sons, John B. 
Hite. William Hite, and Frank Hite were merchants and manufacturers. 
John W. Hite, the only son of Jacob Hite, was a merchant of Guyandotte 
and took a prominent part in the affairs of the town and county. 

There are many descendants of that family now in Cabell County. Best 





kuown among them is William F. Hite, of this city, dkisiou freight agen 
for the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Company, He was born in (luyandottt 
:iud entered into rhe employ of the <"iie.sapeake w^ Ohio as a telegraph operato: 
Later he was connected with the lUUtiniure ^^ Ohio, hut returned after 
rime to the Chesapeake & Ohiti. He holds a high place in the euiiueils of th 
road, and there is every reason to believe that the eminence he has alread 
gained is but a stepping stone to that whirh awaits him. He married Mi> 
Anna Ensign, the only daughter of Major Ely Ensign. 

John B. Hite, of Guyandotte, a son of John H. Hite, who was a son t 
William Hite, was born in 1S55 in the home on .Main fftreet in which I 
still resides. He has held positions of honor and responsibility at numeroi 
times, having been a member of the council, marshall and treasurer. He 
of the sixth generation of tiie descendants of Jost Hite. His mother w; 
lOlizabeth A. Johnston, a member of another of the old (."abell families. H 
only sister, Mrs. Alfred A. Fisher, also resides in (luyandotte. 

A daughter of the original Jacob Hite died in this city only a few yea 
ago. She was Mrs. Isabella Hite Moore, and until the time of her dea 
she resided with Mrs. L. H. Burks. 


The name of William Holderby is found at the very beginning of f 
records of Cabell County. He was born on York river; his children we 
James, Robert, Absolam, William, Nancy, Fanny and Eliza. Nancy nu 
ried a man named Helverson, Fanny married Philomon Chapman, and Eli 
married Allen McGinnis. James Holderby became the owner of the la 
on which Marshall College is now located. His first wife was a Miss La 
and her daughter married Lieutenant Governor Elisha McComas. 

James Holderby's second wife was Miss Lucy Wright, a native of Ei 
land. She came with her brother Edward to Charleston from Richmor 
and while there met Mr. Holderby. It is related of this man that for yer 
before his death he rode every morning to (luyandotte, returning at no( 
and usually repeated the journey ir^ the afternoon. He accumulated a lai 
estate before his death. His daughter, Emma, married Dr. James H. Roge 
of Charleston. William and Edward Holderby became the owners of l 
home estates, a great part of which has passed to their descendants of 1 
present day. 


Jno. McComas, a Scotch- Irishman, came from Maryland in ITTO, a 
settled on New river, near where Tearisburg now is. A number of his d 
dren came into the Guyandotte and Mud river valleys. 

Elisha McComas, one of his sons, who was appointed a Brigadier-Gt 


of militia, settled on Guyandotte river just above Salt Rock,""about 1800. 
lie wiLS uamed as oue of the trustees iu the act of January 5, L81U, creating 
(iuvaudotte and the act of LiJio, creatiug the villaj^e of Barboursville. He 
\v;u5 foreiuau of the hist grand jury sitting in the county, was on the commit- 
iL^e that located the county seat at Barboursviile, 

Jiis sous were William, David and James. David was a lawyer, and 
became judge of the General Court of Virginia; was judge of the Kanawha 
Circuit, which included Cabell County. He also, at one time, represented 
the Kanawha District in the Vii-ginia fcJtate Senate. 

William McComas was a lawyer and a methouist preacher. He was iu 
the \irginia Legislature; was elected to Congress in iii'6'J,, serving two terms; 
was a member of Secession Convention in iaui; was un the Committee on 
•Federal Kelations," whicii framed and presented the ordinance, but of the 
minority, and was one of tlie 41 who voted against seceding. 

William McComas had six sons who lived to be grown. Mathew was 
in the Mexican war and died early. Elisha M., who was a lawyer, was in 
tlie Virginia Legislature, and in the Senate; was lieutenant-governor with 
Henry A. Wise, and resigned during the Douglas campaign to become the 
editor of the Chicago Times. He went from there to Fort Scott, Kansas, where 
he practiced law and engaged in literary pursuits, having written a book 
entitled "The Problems of Human Life Here and Hereafter/' and others. 
W. W. McComas was a doctor. He commanded a company of artillery on the 
Confederate side and was killed at the battle of South Mills, 2sorth Carolina. 
A. C. McComas was a lawyer; was a colonel in the Federal army; afterwards 
practiced law at Fort Scott, Kansas, and at St. Louis, Missouri. He, his 
wile and son, were killed by Commanche Indians at Silver City, New Mexico. 

Rufus F. became a banker and plow manufacturer at Lincoln, Nebraska; 
died suddenly at Silver City, where he was also interested in silver mines. 
Leuj. J. was a lawyer; was a captain of infantry in the Confederacy; was 
captured at the battle of Cedar Creek, and was in Fort Delaware when Lee 

The only daughter of William McComas to live to be grown, and who 
is now the only living member of the family, is .Mrs. Ireue 0. McKendree, the 
wife of the. late Maj. Geo. McKendree. She now lives at Barboursville. 

She has three daughters. Mary, the wife of Geo. W. Johnson, of Park- 
ersburg. West Virginia; Mildred, the wife of G. A. Henderson, and Georgiana. 

Geo. J. McComas, son of Jienj. -1. .Mc(.'onias, is one of the leaders of 
the \Vest Virginia bar. He resides iu Huntington, was prosecuting attorney 
(;f Cabell County l8i)*J-0(); married .Miss Curtis, of Richmond. Kentucky; has 
two children, Curtis and Margaret. 




The McGinnis family Hgiiml [n-oininenrly in rlie early settlement of the ^. 
section composing the counries of Cabell and Wayne, and conrignons terri- 
rory of West Virginia. Kdnnnnl. -lames and I'yilms McGinnis were brothers ^: 
who settled tliei-e iu Che iicgiiiuiug of ihe nineictMith centnry. and many of j 
their lineal descendants to ihe I'onrth generatittn. reside in the counties of ^ 
(.'abell, Wayne, Putnam, Ualeigh and Wyoming at this time, and a large 
number of the western states. The ancestry of this extensive connection 
was originally Scotch, but settled in the uorrh of Ireland aud emigrated . 
from there to America, thus constituting what is famous in American annals 
as the Scotch-Irish poi)ulati()n. A prominent head of this family was Edmund 
McGinnis, who, upon lauding in this country, settled near Philadelphia, aud 
thence moved to Frederick ("onuty, \'irginia, subse<iuently settling at Little ' 
Levels, iu Greenbrier County, during the latter part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. In 1SU2 he moved with his family to ("abeil County aud settled on the 
farm which afterwards became well known as the Shelton place, situated on 
the turnpike between Cuyandotte and liarboursville. He raised a large 
family, all of whom, inchuling iiimself. with the exception of Allen A. Mc- 
(Jiunis. moved in an early day to the west. He was a prominent man auu>ng 
the early people of the (Juyaiidotte valley. He was a surveyor of Cabell 
(.'ounty when its territory inchuled a dozen of the present counties. He also 
represented his county in the (ieneral A.s.sembly of Virginia, for seven con-, 
secutive sessions. His sou, Allen A. Mcdinnis. the only one renuiining in, 
Virginia, was also a prominent man in his day, being a magistrate uuderj 
the old regime, and high sheriff by reason of seniority in the magisterial 
ortice. He was a prominent mend)er of the Virginia Legislature in 1S32, 
and again in 1848. When a young man he nuirried Eliza Holderby, member 
of a prominent and disting.uished family, and a lady noted for her refine- 
ment and Christian piety. They had nine children, three of whom, Dr. 
A. B. McGinnis, Judge Ira .1. .Mcdinnis and Mrs. J. W. Thornburg, resided 
in Cabell County. The father died in his eiglity-tifth year and the mother 
in the eighty-second year of her age. 

Judge McGinnis, in his early professional life, was elected prosecuting 
attorney of Cabell County, and held that office up to the beginning of the 
Civil war, at which time he followed his state 'into the perils of the Southern 
Confederacy, and served in the .-irniy up to the closing scene of the 'Mosl 
cause." In 1872 he was elected to the state senate from the seventh district 
and served four years as a -member of that body. He was a member of th( 
board of directors of the hospital for the insane at Weston for a numbei 
of years. The judge always look an active interest in politics and wa; 
prominent as a democratic politician and orator. In L'^SO he was electe* 
judge of the eighth judicial circuit, which high otti«-e he tilled acceptably fti 
eight years. In 18S1 he was mai lied to Miss Kate, daughter of John W. Hitt 


a ..entleman of liigh standing jind one of rlie old faniilles-vunong rlie early 
sctrlei-s of Cabell County. Mis. Mcdinnis died in a few years after their 
iiijii-riajie. !^he was a lady of ciilnu-e and i;Mii;irkal»le Cliristian exeellence. 
Alrer some four years .hiduc Mcdiunis was ajiain manied. his serond 
wile being Miss Frances \]. r.tMiliiiiiji, who was also a desi-eudanr of one of 
,1,,. ,,ld finie families, and a devoted Chi-isrian and lady of refinement. 
•flu'V are survived by one son. Ua -1. McCiinnis, who now resides in Cnyandutte. 
Her death took place about four years afTer their marriage. Some time later 
I he Judge went west, remaining two (»r three years, and then returned to 
(iuyandotte, where he spent the declining years at' his life. Judge Mc(jinnis 
died March '27, 1000, at the residence of Dr. A. H. Mc(Jinnis, (iuyandotte. 
West Virginia. He was a member of the M. 1]. Church, South, (Iuyandotte. 
and on his return from the west was a regular attendant up to tiie time <»f 
his death. 

othi:k families. 

Much more could be written concerning the early Cabell families and 
their descendants. There are. for instance, rlie Russells, descended from 
Mark and Jeffrey Russell, the Thornburgs. oiu^ of the first fandlies of the 
upper county, the Burks, the Johnstons, the I'oages. the Heuhrings. the .Mc- 
("ulloughs and the Everetts, besides many others, as well deserving of men- 
ri(m as any of, but the history of wluun is harder to trace than that 
uf those who took their titles originally from riie Savage grant. 



By W. »S. Laidlev. 


N THE celebration of the (.'enteunial of Guyundotte, it seems ia order 
to speak of wliat has transpired in the history of the town in the 
last hundred years, and need not confine ourselves to that date. 
We will consider why there was a town located here; when it was founded; 
why it was so named, and why it grew and became famous as it did. 

The principal event in the liistory of the town was its destruction dur- 
ing the Civil war, when Col. Zeigler, of U. fcs. A., came into the town and 
applied the torch thereto and burned the business part of the town and many 
homes of its citizens. 

By some this was called vandalism,- and by some it was said to have 
been done because Col. Clarkson, of the ('. S. A., attacked the town and cap- 
tured the regiment that was being recruited there by the United States 
otHcer, Col. Whaley. 

This question, whether the destruction of the town was justified, we shall 
not discuss, but mention the fact of the confiagration and that the town has 
not since recovered entirely from the etfect thereof. 

We may be excused for our deep interest in the history of the place, 
because of our growing up from our youth near the same, and being im- 
pressed with its importance and the superiority of its people. It may be 
said that we could not help it and have never outgrown our impressions. 

While it was in 1810 that the legislature made the place a town, it is 
hardly to be supposed that this was its beginning. 

Before this date, it was part and parcel of the new county of Cabell, 
and even the county seat thereof; and before it was part of Cabell County, 
it was a part of the county of Kanawha; before Kanawha, it was in Mont- 
gomery, and before that it was in Fincastle. It was in Kanawha from 1789 
until 1809. 

We shall attempt an explanation of why there was a town located here, 
and this brings up the early settlement of the surrounding country. 

The settlement of the colony of Virginia began on the eastern coast, 
and as the country filled up, the settlements extended westward. Strange 
as it may appear, with the western part of Virginia almost unlimited (and 
there was no limit to the quantity of the land), there was, at an early day, 


All that remains of Buffington Mill which was destroyed by fire in 1861 


a disposition of the people to crowd to the frontiers and secure homes ani 
farms in the west. 

At one time it was very far west to cross the lilue Ridge, but ere lon 
the settlers in the Valley of Virginia began to hunt lands in Kentucky evo 
before tliey had gotten rid of the Indians at home. It was the contest 
the western Indians that kept back many settlers for a long time, but thei 
were men who loved the dangers of hunting wild animals and there 
men who wanted to purchase, own, and hold title to all creation ; 
large estates and become landlords, etc., so that at a very early Jay sui 
veyors and men to accompany them with guns were sent into tiie wilds 
the west, to locate lands. 

About the year 1749 the French attempted to claim all the land wate^- 
by the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, which claim, if sustained, would con 
the English to the east of the Alleghanies, and the French made atteinp 
to connect their holdings in Canada and their holdings in the south at 
Orleans by establishing forts; and by securing the aid of the Indians, 
would prevent the English from ever recovering any control of the westeil 
world. The French and English were generally at war, and had been 
ages back; but about the time of which we write there had been no i.k 
declaration of war and they were not then considered enemies. 

About 1754 the Indians east of the Alleghanies all removed to the 
of the Ohio river, and became allies of the French, and about that time tH 
English, through the Colonial government of Virginia, considered it iieces> 
to put some stop to the pretensions and encroachments of the French, 
had about that time secured the aid and friendship of the Indians and wc 
building forts and scouting around as if they owned the country. 

The Indians made their homes on the north of the Ohio river and nuiifi 
raids into Virginia against the white people they might tind therein, 
an early date and kept it up as long as they could. The last white 
killed in Kanawha by an Indian was in 1794. 

But in 1754 the governor of Virginia called for volunteers, and prom 
the Soldiers they should be given 20(K<>0U acres of land for their services 
the western part of the state for the French and Indian war. After that \v» 
was over, it was in 1771, that a surveyor was sent to locate these lands 
to the soldiers, and William Crawford came to this part of the country an 
located the land for which a grant was given to John Savage and 51) otl 
and it was ever after known as the -Savage Grant." This survey inch, 
land above the f>uyandotte river, up the said river a short distance, ai]) 
down the Ohio to Rig Sandy, and also up the Sandy on both sides. 

The surveyors did not remain, but returned to the east, and poor \>u 
Ham Crawford was sent in command of some soldiers into Ohio, agJV" 
the Indians, and they captured and burned him at the stake, near Sandu 
in 1782. 


Although there was a severe battle at Point Pleasant in October. 1774. 
rhei-e was no known settler on the Ohio river on the Savage Grant. 

In 1775 the owners of the said grant determined to divide up the said 
land, so granted to them, in a large body, and Thomas Buffington came as 
the surveyor, with others, to make the partition. 

lu the case of the Commonwealth vs. Hite. (J Leigh. 588, it is stated that 
iu 1775 some of the grantees of the 28.027 acre grant to John Savage and 
others, proceeded to make partition of the said land among themselves and 
other owners and that several of them took possession pursuant to that 
division and claimed the exclusive property in the lots so assigned to them 
and have ever since possessed and enjoyed the same. 

There is nothing to show who the parties were that so remained and held 
possession of any part of .said grant, and it contradicts the established tra- 
dition that there were no settlers on said grant until after 1796. 

In the suit of Coleman vs. Morgan, brought in Staunton, the partition of 
1775 was alleged to be unjust and a decree was made to appoint commissioners 
to equalize the division. In 1801 one Waggoner came to the locality and found 
the land in possession of scjuatters or persons temporarily settled thereon. 

William Buffington lived in Hampshire (^'ounty, on the south branrli of 
the Potomac, and he had purchased the rights of Capt. John Savage, and 
it called for considerable land. He sent two of his sons to attend to the par- 
tition in 1775. These were Thomas and Jonathan Buffington, but they did 
not settle on the lands for over 20 years afterwards. 

Thomas Hannan was on the Little Guyan, in 1796, and he has been re- 
garded as the first settler in the country afterwards known as "Cabell County." 
and it is stated that Thomas Buffington and others came soon after Hannan. 

The war in the west with the Indians in 1704-5 seemed to have rendered 
Indian depredations a matter of the past, and settlers then began to come 
west, and to make homes on farms and in towns. The persons who had pur- 
ciiased the rights of the soldiers in the Savage Grant began to hunt up the 
same and to move thereto. 

It is a fact, however, that not a single soldier ever removed to or lived 
on any part of this grant. 

Kanawha Valley began to grow in 1775, and it seems to have spread 
rapidly after 1794, so that there were settlers at the mouth of the Kanawha, 
and Mason County was formed in 1804. and so also was that part of Kana- 
wha west of Mason County filling up with settlers. These settlers were, in 
l)art, the purchasers of the rights given to the soldiers in the French and 
Indian war, and they settled along the Ohio from and near the said town. 
on the Big Sandy and Guyandotte rivers. 

The grants were not recorded in tiie county court clerk's offices, bur 
deeds were so recorded and those deeds began to appear in Kanawha County 
after 1800. 


The records of the names of the Savage grant were shown in the suit 
at Staunton, which was brought to set aside the partition of the said grant 
made in 1775. There are other records, however, in Kanawha in the county 
court which show transactions in the western part of said county which 
afrerward became part of Cabell County. 

The names of many purchasers of interest in the Savage Grant will be 
familiar to the older people of Cabell County, some of whom are as follows: 

Morgan, who owned just above Big Sandy; JlcCormicks. above Twelve 
Pole Creek; Poages, above Four Pole; Martin Hull, Chadwicks. Hamptons, 
Browns, Russell, Hollenbacks, Scales, Hites, Morris, McGinnis, Ward. Crump, 
Holderby, Kelly, Spurlocks, Catlett, Buffingtons, Rogers, Savage, Jr., Gholson, 
Griffiths, and others. 

While there must be a great deal of information in the records of 
Kanawha County Court, the want of proper index thereto makes it very diffi- 
cult to secure it, except by reading more than is wholesome and then it re- 
(juires a familiarity with names in order to locate the people. 

In 1802, the court appointed William Merritt, John and Thomas 
Buffington to view a road leading from Merritt's Mill to Van Bibber Ferry 
on the upper side of the Guyandotte river. 

This hardly gives us much idea of the location of the road, and about the 
same time there was a road ordered to be viewed from the moutii of Mud 
river to the falls of the Guyandotte. and a road to be viewed from the moiUli 
of the Kanawha to the Little Guyandotte. Jeremiah Ward was appointed 
as overseer of the road from the mouth of Mud to Cabell, and William Huff 
in same year, 1802, was appointed a constable for the neighborhood of the 
mouth of Guyandotte. 

We have given the names of many .settlers on the lands between Guyan- 
dotte and Big Sandy. These settlers were principally, if not all, from Vir- 
'Xuuix. The soldiers that volunteered in the French and Indian war were 
Virginia men in the service of the King of England. They sold out their 
claim to said lands and not a single soldier ever settled on any of the Savage 
grant, but the purchasers came an<l took po.'^.'^ession along after 1800. But 
few, if any, had their land assessed to them until later than 1800. 

Thomas Buffington was appointed the keeper of a ferry across the mouth 
of Guyandotte, and also the Ohio river in 1803. and it was but a few months 
rliereafter when he was indicted for not keeping better boats; this indictment 
was made by John Allen. Deputy Sheriff. Also the overseer of the road 
from Big Sandy to John Morris' on Mud river, was indicted for not keeping 
rhe road in repair. 

The Court record shows that tlicre was allowed ^2.-50 for each wolf scalp 
that was brought in. and from the names, it seemed that most of them came 
from this vicinity. 

One peculiarity in these records is that there Is no mention made of any 


town, eitlier <'f < Ji'vandotte oi- nf Biirboui-sville, bur rlieii- Toeatiou was spoli 
of as the uioiith of (luyandotte and the mouth of Mud. lu IsnS rhci-e 
an applii-ation made to estahlisli a ferry across the mo\ith of .M\id, and .., 
ro establish 4 road from the moutli of (luyandotte to the falls of (Inyand^*' 

The report of the (.•timmissuui on the ferry at the mouth of Mud w; 
favor of the ferry, and the same was signed by Manoah Bostii-k, Michael i\ 
land, Allen Heet-e, Xathaniel Scales, Joel Ksler, Edmund Morris. Jof 
Hilyard, Sampson Sanders, and others. 

The road from Hig Sandy to the Guyandotte was along the Ohio ri| 
on the bank, and there were trees, Elm and Sycamore, all along. 

The farm houses were all built to front the road and the barns bnin 
the rear. Were 1 to say that in my day. these large trees were seen am) 
remains of a bridge at the branch in front of the Academy also, it niijii 
said that either I was (juite ancient or had a lively imagination. 

The river road was changed to the middle of the farms about l>^'i'i 
and that accounts for some barns ai)[)ea:ring in front of the houses. 

We might say that the town of (luyandotte was occasioned by the hunt 
and surveyors going to Kentucky, by the settlers on the Savage grant, 
desired to form a camji for protection against the [ndians, in the first p.. 
and afterwards by nim-e substantial improvements nuule for i)rorecfion, 
for business and association. 


By act of law, 1809, the western part of Kanawha County was mi 
into Cabell County. Edmund Morris was appointed its clerk, Thomas 
was its first sheriff, Ira Wilson the prosecuting attorney, and the jus- 
were ^ianoah Bostick, Mark Rus.sell, Henry Brown and perhaps others. 

It seems that the first Circuit Superior (""ourt was held in April, 
in the house of William Merritt. The lawyers were. David Cartmel, He, 
Hunter, W. H. Cavendish, John ^lathews, Ballard Smith. Lewis Summers 
Sylvester Woodward. 


There seems to have been some trouble along this line, and the Legislati 
appointed a commission to locate the county buildings. They were, 
Shrewsbury, David Ruffner. John Reynolds, William Clendennin and .jq 
Bennett; they were residents of Kanawha and Mason counties. They reporl 
that they had selected a place in the middle of a field at the mouth 
Guyandotte, on the upper side, which field was occupied by William Holderl 
No mention of any town was made as being there then. 

Tn the report of Virginia cases, page 176. there is a case of Commonw^ 
vs. Morris. John Morris was indicted for making the charge publicly agaiB 


'I'lios. \\'ard, sheriff, that he. Ward, had i-ii'cuhited a petirion'amon-r rhe 
.irizeiis;. obtaining their signatm-es. ;isl<iug tiie Legishitiii-e to loeiite rhe cnuiity 
siciii "f I he new cininty of ("ahell on his plantiition. icIk re it ic<i.s first held, aiul 
Mun-is savs rliat Ward cin-iilated tliis petition secretly and the sheriff secnred 
sioiiainrcs by promising not to be over strennons in collecting taxes, Morris 
sjiid that Ward's plantation was no suitable phue, that it was among rhe 
I, ills and mountains, not near the i-enter of po[)wlation. or territory, but the 
most iiiconvenient place that could be thought of. 

There was a question of law in the (•a,<<e raised, whether Morris would 
l,e allowed to prove the truth of his charges, and it was held by the general 
court that he could. We imagine this explains why the r()nuni.«<siou of men 
from other counties was appointed to locate the court house, but it is said 
rliat the court had been held on Ward's plantation, and in the of Wil- 
liam Merritt. Judge ("oalter's court was held in April. 1800, and the court 
house was located in May, 1809. 

From all which we should judge that when the application was made 
ro rhe Legislature for the establishment of the county of ("abell. that there 
was no mention made of the location of the court house and perhajis it was left 
ro the court. And then Major Thos. \\'ard .sent in his jietition to hive it 
located on his plantation and John Morris. Jr.. learned thereof and he talked 
plainly and sent his reply to the Legislature, for which he was indicted, and 
the commission was appointed to bu-ate the county seat. 

We imagine that Ward's plantation was either where Barboursville was 
located or near there, and we also surmise that William Merritt's house 
was either near his mill, near the mouth of Mud, or in Barboursville. and 
that Judge Coalter held his court there for the reason that he had not learned 
of any buildings suitable in the middle of Holderby's field at the mouth 
of Guyandotte. 

We confess that this explanation is not entirely satisfactory. We do 
not know when the court house was removed to Ouyandotte, or when it 
was removed therefrom, nor to what locality it was taken. We find that 
(Juyandotte was made the court house in 1S09, and established as a town in 
ISIO, which looks as if it was growing backward. 

We take it for granted that Tloldeiby's field was in (Juyandotte fvoiu the 
description, although it is not so stated, and small towns do not often have 
large fields therein. 

The act says that 20 acres of laud owned by Thomas Buffington was made 
a town by name of Guyandotte. and that the following persons are made 
trustees, viz.: Noah Scales. Henry Brown, Richard Grunip, Thos Kilgore, Ed- 
mund Morris and Elisha McComas. 

Thos. Buffington lived on the lower side of Guyandotte, near the bank 
of the Ohio. William Buffington lived and died in Hampshire County, and 


sent his son to the Savage grant, Tliomas Buffington. Col. William Huftiu; 
ton, the son of Thomas, was a surveyor and lived in his residence a 
distance from his father's house in a cedar grove and a brick house. 

Col. Peter liufifington was a son of Col. William and he built near JJ 
Academy, and his sons. Dr. Standard Hutfington, Carland Untting 
P. C. Butfington, Jr.. and his daughter, Mrs. Frank B. (.Juliet) Knslow. resi( 
in the City of Huntington. 

Guyaiidotte was laid off into lots and streets which were sold, apparen 
at auction, by the trustees. Thomas Buffington made the deed and collec^( 
the purchase money. 

The first deed recorded was to Sanders Witcher, for :$()7.0(>. then i 
Daniel Witcher, John Rogers, Abram Witcher. Edmund McOinni*. Willir 
Merritt. Edmund Morris, Richard Crump. John Simmons, James Cmll;. 
and others. 

Whether they all became residents, or whether they were speculator 
a boom sale of town lots, we did not learn, but James Gallaher, who lived i 
Gallipolis. floated his house down to Ouyandotte and set it up and went '^" 
business. After living there until about IS33. he purchased the Mark Ru> 
farm and built his brick house thereon. j 

With navigation on the Ohio, and the lumber business on the (inyau' 
general business in stores and factories suitable for the farming in thp "•^- . 
the town proceeded to grow — it could not help it I 

We must now ask. why was the place named (ruyandotte? Most proh 
because it had so long been known as "the Mouth of the Ouyandotte," it iii 
naturally assumed this name for short. But where did the river get the n^ 
of Ouyandotte? This question has never been satisfactorily answere ^ 
give one and some another explanation. 

When it was visited by the surveyors in 1771-2, they called this sti 
'•Little Sandy" and so marked it on their map or plat of their survev. , 
The first time the name was ever heard of. is found in a book aiil 
"Dunmore's War," which is a history of the year 1774, and the battle of 
Pleasant, in which book is found "Ilanson's Journal.*' which gives an nccoiij 
of the travels and work of a company of surveyors that went from Fine: 
County, Virginia, in April. 1774. to Kentucky. They reached the mout^ 
Elk April 16, the mouth of Coal on the IStl). and passed the mouth of Pod 
talico on that day, and on the 2nth they reached the mouth of the Kana 
where they met some traders and learned that the Indians were numeiojj 
and unfriendly on the Ohio river. 

On the 22nd of April, this company with eighteen men and four 
started down the Ohio and on the 24th they went to the Little Oui-an-d() 
where they found a battoe loaded with corn, and they took about three bus 
and on the 26th, while in camp, other men came to them, and on the 
they went to the Great Guiandot, 20 miles, where they saw some Delawa' 



Indians, who told them there were fifty other Indians below them, anc) 
proceeded on the 29th to Rig Randy Creek. 13 miles, where they stoppe 
''cooked their kettle."— See "Dunwnre's War," 116. 

There was no mention of a house or a residence, and yet they nan 
streams and the distances apart. Here we see for the first time the na... 
Gui-an-dot. The first surveyor that ever came in 1771-2. with William f- 
ford, called the same stream TJttle Sandy, but Crawford lived in Ne 
or Berkeley County, Virginia, and Hanson did not get the name from hi 

We supposed Thos. BuflBngton called it "Gui-an-dot" in his atter 
pronounce it as the Delaware Indians called it. Wyandot tribe, which tril*t. 
said to have been driven therefrom by the Mohawks long ago. but where 
Hanson get it, as he had never seen Bufifington nor anyone that wa 
supposed to have seen the stream? 

We have imagined that it was intended to pronounce Wyandot, a 
some manner or means, had become twisted into Guiandotte. Some sa;. 
there was a Frenchman by the name of Guion that was an Indian trader 
had located there and gave it the name. If the trader could be estal 
at the mouth of the river, the story would be plausible. There was a 
known as the Wyandots and by way of Indian pronunciation, there 
the slightest difference between Wyandot and Guiandot. and as we 
evidence of the trader, we have adopted the name of the tribe with an In 
twang thereto. The surveyors of 1775 adopted the name of Guyandott 
it has stuck to the stream ever since. 

It has been brought down by tradition that the William Holderbs' 
occupied the field, kept the hotel on the comer of the streets on th(| 
and Guyandotte banks; that he was an Englishman from Yorktown. Virpl 

Dr. Henry Hampton owned considerable land in farms below Guya 
and lived near where the Academy was afterward built. There i.'< a histV:. 
this man, about his killing a Mr. Shortridge. and was tried and the trja 
stroyed his fortune, and one of his farms was sold to James Holderby. 

Henry Brown was one of the first justices, and he was appointed' 
sheriff after the first year, and while sheriff' he was supposed to hav 
killed, his horse and his hat was found, but his body never was. 

The War of 1812 came on and there were manv from this vicinitv 
went to defend the country from the wrongs attempted to be inipo 
the British. After this was over, and the town and county grew, we 
of Guyandotte .still booming. There was the same Holderby Hotel kept, 
wards by Gen'l John Smith, and afterwards the famous John G. Wrigl 
the same for years, and after others had kept it, it was kept by A. M. Whiti 
and it was always well kept. 

The passengers by stage from the east, and by boat from Cincinna^/ 
Pittsburg, were all entertained at this noted hotel. 


The uinhev business from the Guyandotte, and the .sawing jn to lumber, 
;iU(l many otlier profitable uudeiTakings, all assumed exieusive pvopurtious 
;ui,l rlie cuwu continued to grow. 

Many will i-enieinber the hotel of Jacob Bnnigai-dner, and some the hotel 
,,(■ Tom <.'arn>ll, the Irishman, the saw mill of Peter Clarke, and others. 


in 1S38, this school was established and was the place of education for the 
(Juyandotte boys. The act establishing the Academy placed the same in the 
hands of trustees who were Benjamin Brown, F. (i. L. Beuhring, James (lal- 
laiier, John Laidley, \Vm. Buffington, John Samuels, Richard Brown, B. H. 
Smith, and G. VV. Summers. 

James Holderby sold land to the trustees and a brick four room building 
was erected thereon and the school started. 

It has been said that it was the best school in this end of the state. It 
was patronized by Mason and Cabell counties and also by Kentucky and Ohio, 
and always had a large number of scholars from (Juyandotte. It was the 
school for (Juyandotte scholars. 

In 1842 Wayne County was taken from (Jabell. In 184S the board of 
public works surveyed the Guyandotte river, evidently looking to river im- 
provement, and the same year the bridge company was incorporated and the 
incorporators were John W. Hite. John Laidley. F. G. L. Beuhring. Peter 
Clarke, J. B. Hite, P. S. Smith and Peter C. Buffington, and they built the 
bridge later. 

Here we would state that from our earliest recollection, there was a man 
who lived on the lower side of the river and kept the ferrj- across the mouth 
of Guyandotte. He was Sani'l Mark Russell, and was, besides being the good 
ferryman, mail carrier to Big Sandy, an auctioneer, a temperance lecturer, 
and a minister of the gospel. He did them all and did them well, and he 
lived to see the bridge take the place of his ferry and continued to live in 
Guyandotte for a good long life and died honored and beloved by all men. 

In 1849 the (Juyandotte Navigation Company was chartered and the in- 
corporators were J. W, Hite, P. S. Smith, H. H. Miller, N. S. Adams, A. M. 
Whitney, Jas. Emmons, W. (.'. Miller, John G. .Miller, Irvin Lusher. J. L. 
Keller, Sampson Sanders, Solomon Thornburg, John Samuels, R. McKendree 
and others. 

In the same year the town was incorporated and extended and the trustees 
were Peter Clarke, J. B. Hite, Aug. S. Wolcott. Robt. Holderby, A. M. Whitney. 
Jas. Emmons, H. H. Miller, Wm. Biillington, X. S. Adams, Jacob Miller, John 
W. Hite, and P. S. Smith. 

In 1852 the Cabell and Logan Coal (.'ompany was incorporated. 
In 1854 the Bank of Guyandotte was incorporated with J. W. Hite, P. (J. 



H^aiQgton, H. H. Miller, John Everett, John Laidley, and Dr. G. C. Ricketts, 

lu it>58 the Guyaudotte River Railroad was incorporated. 

The Navigation Company built its locks and dams and there was navigo 
liuu ou the Guyandotte river, and it enabled the transportation of timber at 
all seasons of the year. 

The construction of these works brought a large number of skilled me- 
chanics to direct the work, and many of them remained and spent the rest 
uf their days here. 

We are not confident that the bank ever materialized, and the railroad 
never got beyond the paper existence, but the town continued to grow aud 
became known on the Ohio river and all through Virginia, as one of the 
best towns on the Ohio river. 

This brings us down to within the memory of many who do not admit 
that they are old. 

We remember some men that we then regarded as the old men of the 
place. There was old Mr. Ricketts, who was the constable, and the father 
of G. C. Ricketts, the physician. There was old man John Oug, the elder, and 
Col. Isaac Oug, the tailor, and the prominent democratic politician of the 
place. There was old Mr. Sanford Scott and his two boys; old Mr. Welling- 
ton, the carpenter; Victor LeTuttle, the grocer; Mr. Hiltbruner, the tinner, P. 
H. Keenan, that made saddles aud harness; Mr. Sedinger, the shoemaker; Jos. 
Wheeler, the editor of the Herald; Mr. Wolcott, the wharfmaster; Mr. Hayslip, 
who always was postmaster, and was a born mathematician. There were others 
in many other businesses but these have remained in my memory aud with 
whom we had business as a boy and we learned to know their worth. 

It would be gratifying to tell of the peculiarities of many residents of this 
old town that, I as a boy, once knew so well; but this gratiticatiou would 
be too personal and only interestiug to a few. 

We also have a desire to record the names of the scholars that attended 
the school at the old Academy, the many boys that made up many classes, 
in whole or in part; that made up a large part of the games played on the bal' 
ground; that made the road lively going to and from the iiaid school, but 
this too, perhaps, should not be done. 

But there was an incident that we shall relate, though perhaps, it would 
be best to omit. We, as country boys, went into the old town where we were 
wont to get the mail, and after attending to our duties, we strolled «lown 
Towards the hotel on the bank i>( the Ohio river, and we met a young lady, 
wearing an apron which to us was unusual and which we did not conipre- 
liend, yet we felt sure it was indication of some sentiments and we dared 
not ask her to explain. 

We reached the hotel and in front of it on the river bank there had been 


.Tocted a flagstaff and thereon there had been hoisted a flag or banner, the 
Ijl^e of which we iiad never seen before, and we noticed the resemblance of 
ilie ihi"- to the apron. We were struck with the new emblems, but were slow 
I,, lake ill the significance of the same. Just then a large side wheeled steuni- 
l„,;,i- lame down the river, name was Ohio Xo. :{. She seemed to be 
,.,,\-,'i('(l with passengers and flags and ail of flags were the old stars 
and stiipes, the only kind we had ever seen before. The boat landed almost 
„„der the strange flag on the bank. 

There was nothing said about the stars and bars, but everyone seemed 
to comprehend the matter better than we did. The intensity of the excitement 
seemed to create a silence. Soon the boat rounded out and was gone and 
I lie i)eople on the shore all repaired to their work and few that were 
visible on the streets, yet we were under the same excitement and could 
but ask. irJiiit does it all iiteanf and the only answer that came was, that if 
meant the border of two governments, and no more the United States. Tak- 
ing a seat on the sidewalk in front of the hotel, on the side next to the river 
and still considering the two flags, and endeavoring to take in the effect 
of all of it, we heard something strike the brick wall of the hotel just over 
my head. We soon took it in that it was from a gun from the opposite 
shore of the Ohio river, and we took the precaution to move around the 
lurner of the hotel. We became satisfied that the flag meant more than ;i 
sentiment, and the bullet more than a man's joke, and once in our lives, [)er- 
haiis. we were near right. 

In giving the history of the place, we have to admit that we have not 
always been able to' harmonize tradition with record evidence, nor to determine 
which is the nearest to the facts. We have been compelled to at much 
that has transpired and we never claimed to be a good guesser. 

What is here given can be taken for what it is worth. We have not, of 
ourselves, made up much of it, but have endeavored to state it as we found it. 

It is a little strange that the town was made, perhaps, in consequence 
of the Virginia volunteers, as soldiers for King of England against the French 
and Indians. While other Virginians afterward acquired land for service 
for the colony of Virginia against the King of England, with the aid of the 
French, and by Virginia acquiring title to land, they became settlers thereon 
and these settlers formed combinations for protection which made the begin- 
ning of the town. 

We make no excuse or apology for what we have here submitted. Had 
there been more time given to us. perhaps, we might have given more and 
done better, and maybe not. 




HE West Virginia Asylum, foi'iiiei-ly known as tlie Home for Incur- 
bies, was created by an act of the Legislature of IJSUT. Tlie Legis- 
lature of 19U1 changed its name to its present title, and also changed 
the class of patients to be admitted thereto. 

The site, consisting of thirty acres of land, was donated to the state 
by the Chamber of Commerce of the city of Huntington, and is a portion of 
the foot-hills in the eastern edge of ihe city, high above the thickly settled 
portion. An electric street car line passes the entrance to the ground. The 
contour of the ground affords natural drainage and suitable sites for the 
buildings, which are surrounded by natural forests of more than a thousand 
magnificent trees. 

Building No. 1, for male patients, cost $45,1)00, has a normal capacity 
of 150 patients, and is constructed of pressed brick, Berea sand-stone founda- 
tion and tile roof. Building Xo. 2, original "Home for Incurables,"' used 
for old women and children, was originally two stories in height, slate roof, 
common brick and natural stone foundation, in IDi'G one story was added 
to the main portion of the building and a two story and basement annex 
was erected at the rear. Building No. 2, including additions cost $22,000. 
Building No. 3, for female patients, is identical with building No. 1, and 
has a capacity for 150 female patients. This building cost $45,000. Building 
No. 4, temporary administration building, is constructed of pressed brick, 
with tile roof and natural stone foundation. The cost of this building was 
$50,000. The kitchen building was completed in 1004, and is constructed 
of common brick, Kentucky sandstone foundation and tile roof. Tile tioor 
is also used throughout the entire first floor. This building is equipped 
with a ten ton refrigerating ice plant and was completed and equipped at 
a total cost of $21,000. The laundry building is constructed of brick, tile 
roof and concrete floor, and the erec'i"!' of which, with its equipment, cost 
approximately, $10,000. The power house building is similar in design and 
construction to the laundry building, and is equipped with a battery of 
boilers at 250 horse-nnwer, has a duplicate system of electric generators, and 
has one pump which will furnish 1,000 gallons of water per minute, under 
high pressure. The cost of the i)Ower house and equipment was about 




The water supply for this institiuion is obtained from fwo wells, located 
1400 feet north of the power house and is pumped by deep well electi 
pumps, capacity :iO0,00U gallons each rwenty-lour hours. 

At present a three story pressed brick, tile roof buildinji'. with lierea 
sand-stone trimmings, is bein<^ erected for the accomniodation oi" I.IO nui 
patients, also siu auditorium with a seating; capacity of ~m) is being built. 
W'lien the new building is <-oni[)leted the institution can accommodate <>CiJ 
patients. The present population is i-H), with more than 1700 applicatio 
on file. 


Born in Mason County, 18(>S, graduated in medicine. College Physi- 
cians and Surgeons of Baltimore, and appointed assistant physician of 
Maternily and Woman's Hospital of that city. Located in Point Pleasan, 
ftir the practise of his profession in IS.S!), and was successful both in practist^ 
and business. Elected superintendent of Second Hospital for Insane Jui 
1897, and established a state wide reputation for executive ability, and as an 
alienist. Elected superintendent of the West Virginia Asylum June, I'.M'r 
and it is largely due to his untiring enci-gy that the institution has reachi 
its position of intiuence and higli standing tliroughout the state, the popuhi' 
tion having been increased from •")() to V->{) d\ning his incumbency, and w 
soon have a capacity for liDO liatients, and more than enough applications 
tile to fill the entire institution. Dr. (luthrie is prominently connected witlil 
.several of Huntington's strongest financial institutions, he is a Mason 
a member of Huntington Commandery No. !>, Knights Templar, and a mem- 
ber of the following medical societies: Cabell County Society, West Vu- 
ginia State Association, American .Medical and Medico Psychological As.- 



Ty^HKEE qusii-rers of a century ago an old log house stood on the present 
i .site of Marshall <'olIeg;e. It was known as Mt. Hebron, and it was 
^^1 used for both school and church purposes. 

In this now historic old building, John N. Peck was the first and only 
reaeher. Mr. Peck's leadership was prosperous, and an associate beciiuie 
necessary. This associate was a Mr. Shepherd. John Laidley took up the 

L. J. CORBLY, President 

work of securing funds for a new building. One and one-fourth acres of 
land was purchased from James Holderby in is:i8, the particular stipulation 
being that it should be used for school i)urposes only. 

In the same year, the Legislatiue of A'irgiuia named several gentlemen 





a-ho became the "'trustees of Marshall Academy," A building was erected 
tonsisting of four rooms, and in this building Messrs. Peck and Shephero 
(\-ere the first teachers. The academy was named in honor of Chief Justice 
.[(.hii Marshall, of the Supreme (.'ourr of the United States. 

The many principals" from I'eck down through the history of the insti- 
Hitiou need not be recounted here. In is.'),s I'rof, B. H. ThacUston, well remem 
(•(•red in this county, became principal, and in the same year the Legislature 
of Virginia changed the name from Marshall Academy to .Marshall College. 

Shortly after the Civil war this state, by statute, made it the State 
Normal School, controlled by a state board of regents. At the same time, 
additional ground was bought, enlarging the campr.s nearly to its present 
dimensions. After the city of Huntington was laid out in 1871, the state 
exchanged ground with the (.'entral Laud Company, making the camprs i-ou 
form to the streets and avenues of the city. 

C. E. HAWORTH. Vice-President 

I'rof. Thomas IC. Hodge.s became primipal in ISSi;. I'rof. Hodges had 
control of the school for a decade, giving it a wi^e and vigoroi:s administra- 
tion. After his resignati(.n to accept the cliair of Physics in the State 
University, the present incumbent. President L. J. Corbly, was named di 
his successor. The growth of the institution under President Corbly's con- 
structive and capable guidance lias lietMi continuou.'*^ and rapid. The value 
of grounds and equipment is now aliout half a million. The library numbers 
ten thousand volumes and the school now has over seven hundred alumni, 
with a present enrollment of about eleven hundred. 


Officials of Cabell County, 1910 

E. S. DOOLITTLE, Circuit Judge. 

T. W. TAYLOR, Judge of the Ci-imiual Court. 


R. W. McWILLIAMS, Clerk of Circuit and Criuiiual Courts. 

F. F. McCULLOUClH, Clerk of County Court. 
JEAN F. SMITH, Prosecuting Attorney. 

T. W. CLARK, President County Court. 

JAMES JOY, Commissioner County Court. 

I). I. SMITH, Commissioner County Court. 

F. A. WEIDER, Assessor. 

IRA J. HATFIELD, County Superintendent of Free Schools. 




IMward Sturdevant Doolittle, of Huntington, Judge of the SLxth 
•Iiidii-iiil (Jircuit of West Virginia, was born at Wausau, Wisconsin, August 
•J4, ISor). In 1859 his parents removed to Xew York, and there resided until 
1S7L when they moved to Huntington. He graduated at Marshall College 
ill 1S74, after which he began teaciiing school. In the early eighties he acceiit- 
ed the principalship of the Guyaudotte public schools, and moved there. He 
was iiiay<<r of the town in ISS:^ and ISS-L and distinguished himself for his 
services to the people during the great Hood which swept the Ohio Valley 
in '84. At the close of his term of office he moved to Huntington and entered 
upon the practice of law. In l.S!J(i he was elected judge of the circuit com- 
prising the counties of Cabell. Lincoln, Logan, Wayne and Mingo, succeeding 
Judge Thomas H. Harvey. In 10(14 he was elected judge of the new circuit 
comprising the counties of Cabell, Lincoln and Putnam, a position which he 
has since occupied. 


Judge Thomas Vv'. Taylor, of the Criminal Court of Cabell County, was 
born in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, September 23, 1842. He was reared 
in North Carolina and prepared for college at an academy at Oxford, North 
Carolina. At the age of sixteen he entered the University of North Carolina, 
at Chapel Hill, and pursued his studies there until the outbreak of the 
Civil war. He enlisted in the army of the Confederacy in 1863, but was 
wounded in the seven days' battle around Richmond, receiving a bullet in 
one of his legs, which ever afterwards incapacitated him for field service. 
At the close of the war he studied law and moral philosophy at the University 
of Virginia and received the degree of M. L. In a few years he came with 
his family to Huntington and entered the practice of law, in which he con- 
tinued until elected justice of the peace in 18S4. He held this position for 
twelve years, after which he resuiiuMl the practice of law. In 1906 he was 
elected judge of the. Criminal Court of Cabell County. For several years 
past he has been an elder in the First Presbyterian Church, of Huntington. 



Having already served two terms as Circuit Clerk of Cabell County. 
R. W. Mc Williams was elected in 1!)()8 to a third term in the same ottip^ 
He ran as a democratic candidate in a republican county, and was eieci^, 
in a republican year, all of which uoes fo show that he is exceedingly populal 
with his fellow citizens. This po[inlarity is well deserved, as Mr. McWillia 
is a man of the highest standard of honor and integrity, and withal kincari 
and genial in his dealings with people of every station. 

F. F. McCULLOUGH, County Clerk. 

Frank McCuUough is one <>r ('uhcirs native sous, a son of l)r. P. 
McCullough. He has served tliicc u-i-ms as chn-k and is the most etticie 
clerk in West Virginia. 


IKA .). llAKShlP.AROlCK. 

TIh' [iicsLMit sluTilV ..r ("al.cll. Ira .1. I hirshbai-er. is mu^ (.f rlit- louutv-s 
ii;iiivf x.iis. Fie was Ixnn and iraiotl in (iraur disti-ict. w iicii' lu> tonriiiiu'd 
'" I'-^i'l'^' "iilil Ik- \v;>s (>ic,ic(l sliciilt lur rile liisr linir. was in IDOt). 
"'■ 'I"'" i''iii..\T<i wiih his laiiiil\ \,> lliiiiliii-tiMi. wliriH' lu- has sim-c livi-d. 
Ilr IS .•ii-a-fd in the niillin- i)i'sin.>> ai .Mill(.n. and rliis hnsinoss orrupifd 
'■'•^ ■iti.Miiion dnian- iho .Mi-litM- |.aii uf his life. In hilcr yi>ars he has been 


interested in oil development and has lai-<,'e interests in this business 
West Virginia and Indiana. During his tirst term as sherirt" he mad 
enviable record, and when he again became a candidate in r.MIS, he easll 
achieved the republican nomination and was elected by a large maji)i 

JEAN F. SMITH, Prosecutixu ArroRNEY. 

Jean F. Smith was born on a farm in Ohio, and by dint of his 
exertions accumulated sufficient money to attend law school. He enteiel 
upon active practice immediately and has ri.sen rapidly. He is a self-n 
man. He was elected prosecuting attorney of (.'abell County in l!)OS. 


•'11. •: 



The Bar of Cabell County 

Cabell County has been notetl for the sriviijitU and IuIIihmut <>r its iiieiiii 
bers of the le^ial pi-ofession, and oi" the jiidiciai-y. The old lawyers and jud 
are now all gone, but there is now in the rounty a bar whuli will r(»iiii)\ 
favorably with that of any other county in the state. 

Cabell County Bar Association was orjianized January 11, VMS. ami 
has seventy members enrolled. The association has lost by death one oiTif!^ 
honorary meud)ers, the Hon. li. 1>. .McCiinuis, of (juyandotte. 

The officers for the present year are as follows: 

President. F. I*. ICnslow; vice prfsident. L. 1). Isbell; secretary. W.^'^ 
Cowden; Assistant secretary, A. .M. Slices; treasurer, H. \l. Williaiiis,, 

The following is the r(dl of members, arranged by the associariitu.^iiu 
nearly as possible, acc(»rding to the dates when the respective iiiemlM is 
to the bar of Cabell County: 







F. B. Enslow 
Thos. W. Taylor 
Thos. H. Harvey 
Rufus Switzer 
T. J. Bryan 
John S. Mai cum 
E. S. Doolittle 
Thos. A. Wiatt 
Z. T. Vinson 
C. W. Campbell 
Lewis 1). Isbell 
1). E. Matthews 
Geo. J. McComas 
John H. Holt 
K. L. Blackwood 
Lace Marcum 
(5eo. I. Neal 
Elliott Northcott 


IC. K. Williams 


C. S. Welch 


I'aul Scott 


T. R. Shepherd 


C. R. Wyatt 


W, U. Thompson 


H. T. Lovett 


NV. K. Cowden 


Herbert Fitzi)atricl; 


H. C. Duncan, Jr. 


(leo. S. Wallace 


J. W. Perry 


R. .^L Baker 


yi. B. Henderson 


T. A. Null 


i:. .M. Watts 


•lean F. Smith 


John T. Ciraham 


;57. \V- P. Honahoe 

:',<. (Jeo. ^V. Smoot 

:;!). L. L. Wilson 

ti). 1', H. Marcimi 

41. Frank Enslow, Jr. 

rl. 'i. K. Marcum 

4:i. G. R. Hefflj 

44. M. P. Wi»w€ll 

45. C. \V. Lively 
4(), C. N. Davis 

47. Juo. S. Sheppard 

4J<. J. P. Douglass 

4:j. Frank W. Stephens 

;j(). Heury Simms 

."51. S. H. Bowman 

7)2. T. F. Eakman 

.'>;{. \V. L. Higgins 

54. A. L. Gregory 

55. Pendleton L. Williams 
50. Hugh S. Byrer 

57. E. V. Townshend 

58. L. P. Miller 
50. Daniel Dawson 

00. H. C. Warth 

01. Heber H. Eice 
()2. Thos. VV. Harvey 
63. Carney M. Layne 
04. B. A. Devol 

65. D. W. Brown 

66. J. H. Strickling 

67. John E. Biscoe 

68. W. R. Lilly 

69. F. M. Livezey 

70. E. L. Hogsett 

Hon. B. D. McGinnis, (deceased). 
Hon. Benj. F. Keller, U. S. Dist. Judge. 
Hon. Edward S. Doolittle, Circuit Judge. 
Hon. Thos. W. Taylor, Criminal Judge. 



TjTjHE LAST and greatest era in the history of Cabell County has been- 

V^ made possible by the foundation and growth of the <-ity of Huntii 
^==21 ton, West Virginia's most progressive and most beautiful municipality. 
Founded in 1872 the city grew steadily in population and business importat 
until it became the second city of the state. In IDUO the United States 
census showed its population to exceed eleven thousand. About tive yet 
ago the city, stimulated by the great mineral activities in the counties 
jacent, began to grow with almost incredible rapidity. The population, ac.. 
cording to the census of the present year, will likely exceed thirty thousad 

Huntington was the first city in the state to adopt the bi-partisan form 
of government, having put it in effect on the sixth of June, 1901). 

After a year of trial the new governuieut is regarded with general ap- 
proval and the Huntington plan will likely be adopted by many other cit\ 
in the near future. The governing body consists oi four commissioners, t\v 
democrats and two republicans, one of whom is the mayor, this distinction . 
falling to the candidate who receives the highest number of votes, 
present board consists of Kufus Switzer, mayor, and John Coon, Floyd S. 
Chapman and Lester A. Pollock, i-<uiiiuissioners. 

It is now freely predicted on ail sides that Huntington is to be the 
greatest city between Pittsburg aiul Cincinnati, and that she will evi 
surpass the latter city in popular ii)U and wealth before many years ha 

This great future is promised because of the wealth of the surroundii*, 
country and the enterprise of Huutingtim people. The city has grown to its 
present size and importance not through any. chance, but through the 
and business like effort of her citizen.'*, who have nor failed to take advantage 
for themselves and for the city of liic great comniercial opportunities whi(|' 
have been afforded. These men aro still here and are still building. Amow^ 
them are many men who came froin utlier localities, but the old families g^ -^ 
Cabell County are well represented. 


Officials of City of Huntington, 1910 

.JOHN rOON, Commissioner. 
LESTER A. POLLOCK, Comiuissionei-. 
FLOYD S. CHAPMAN, ('(mimissioiier. 
K. L. HAMILTON, Clerk. 
•lOS. R. DAiLRON, Treasnier. 
T. J. BRYAN, Police Judge. 
C. C. CLINGENPEEL, Lieut. Police. 
SAM DAVIS, Lieut. Police. 
\V. W. CHURCH, Chief Fire Department. 


Officials of Guyandotte, 1910 

0. H. WELLS, Mayor. 

VERNON H. CRITES, Recorder. ' 

JAMES MURPHY, Member (.'ommon Council. 

JOHN M. BE ALE, Member (.'oramon Council. 

M. W. DUGAN, Member Common Council. 

ROBT. H. MILLER. Member Common Council. 

F. A. KNIGHT, Member Common Council. • 

IRA O. HARROLD, Marshall. 

THOMAS WALKER, Street Commissioner. 


0. U. WELLS. 

0. H. Wells is the Mayor of (iuyandotte. He is uuw serviug his third 
ti-MMu, the present being his second suecessive term. He has served the town 
rwice as recorder, four times as a nuMuber of rhe conuiion council and ouce 
as ;i member of the board of edncution. He is one of the leaders of the 
ili'iiimiMtic party in ( Juyandotte and lmijuvs a great degree of personal 
p'lpiihiiiiy. F(tr nine y(>ars past he iias brni I'di'einan n\' rhe phint of Ihe 
Tlmnilmio .Mamilactiiring ( 'ompiiiiy. and a dirctlor in this cdrporation. Mr. 


Wells was born at Greensbottom in IS75. and became a resident of Guyandott 
twenty-one years ago. He is a uieuibei- of Huntington -I.odge No. 313, 
B. P. O. E., the Modern NN'oodmen of Ameri(?a. the Ancient Order of Unite(} 
Workmen, and the Junicir Order of f'nited American Mechanics. He lia 
been one of the most industrious \v(u-kers in the ccnreunial movemenr. 


Vernon H. < 'rites was born in IJipii-y. West \'irginia. in 1884, a son of 

Rev. John W. Crites, of the Wesrcni \irginia (.'onference of the Methodis 

Episcopal Church, South. He i-amc to (luyandotte with his father in 1899 

and at the end of the latter's four yeairs' residence there, declined to go 


,viv He has risen rapidly iu the busim-ss world aud is at present super- 
■'a'.MukMit of rlie Island Creek Fuel Tompany's tipple at Huntington. He 
I" |,„^v .erviug his third successive tt-rni as recorder of Guyandotte. and has 
|.^„„., ,i,ue aside from his manilold durie.-^ to lend his advice and assistance 
il,' rhe preparations for the centennial. .Mr. ("rites is a member of Huntington 
l,„.li:e No. ol3, B. V. O. V... and of Seronil City Lodpe No. 21. A. O. U. W. 

[RA (). HARHOLl). 
Ira O. Harrold is known as -.i man wlio does rhin;:s." The qualities 
which caused him to be so known liave never been more strongly marked 
than they have in connection with the Ouyandotte Centennial. Mi"- Harrold 


Nvas born in Kanawha Count v foi-ty years iv^i), and became a steaniboatmauu 
at an early age. He plied the Ohio and Kanawha rivers for many yeal 
<iuite a few of them being spent on tlie government snagboat. E. A. WoodnTttT- 
Leaving the river he established himself in Gnyandotte. He received tlie^ 
democratic nomination for constable of Gnyandotte district in 1!M>S. 
was defeated. In 1909 he was non\inated by the democrats for the marshal- 
siiip of Gnyandotte, to which office he was elected. He soon establishedj 
repiitation for fearlessness and devotion to duty and was re-elected 
year by the largest majority ever given in a municipal election in the town.i 
Fie is a member of Western Star Lodge No. II, A. F. & A. M.. and is a' 
an Odd Fellow, a Knight of Pythias, a Red Man and a member of the .Vmit^ 
Order of United Workmen. 


A lifelong citizen of Ouyandotte, a leader in rlie town's attaii-s for many 
years, Dudley Ii-vin ir^mith, Sr., was one of the n:en who took active and 
effectual part in the preparations for the centennial celebration. 

He was born in (Jnyandotte. the son of Mr. and Mrs. Dudley D. Smith. 
8ave for those periods in his youth when his work carried him afield, he 
has resided in (Juyandotte continuously. In the days immediately following 
the war he was a steamhdatiuai'. In ISTO after the retirement from the 
river he was elected sheriff of Cabell <"(Uinty, an ottice which he held until 
the close of the year 1ST(». Since that time he has been prominently con- 
nected with the business affairs of rho county and of the city of Huntington. 
He is a director in ihe Frst National Bank. The Huntington Land Company, 
and Hagen, Ratcliff & Company, and is superintendent of The Hnntington 
Land Company, besides having large and e.xtensive holdings oulside of these 
enterprises. He is at present a commissioner of the County Court of ("abell 
County, to which office he has been elected twice. He has the honor of having 
received the biggest majority ever given a candidate for otfice by the people 
of Guyandotte. He is a member of Western Star Lodge No. 11. A. F. & A. M. 


Men Who Made Centennial Possible 


John M. Beale, president of the Guyandotte Gentennial and Cabell 
County Home Coming Association, was one of the two men who pive rlic 
movement its original inception. From the time it was first sngjjested hi' 
strongly advocated a celebration and it was largely through his efforts that 
the Association was formed and its plans brought to a successful end. 

Mr. Beale was born at Apple Grove, Mason County. January 28. 1S().5. 
He came to Guyandotte in 1884 and has been in business here since that 
time. His career has been a successful one, and he is known to have ai-i-uiu«i- 
lated a considerable estate. He is a democrat in politics-and is at present 
a member of the town council of Guyandotte. an office which he has tilled nr 
different times in the past. He is a member of Western Star Lodjre X<>. 11. 
A. F. & A. M. 


When the Guyandotte Centennial and (^abell Coninty Home Cominp: 
.\.s.<!oeiation was formed, Bernhardt Tauber was one of its members. He stated 
at that time that he would do his part in bringing about the celebration. 
b»:t requested that he be relieved from committee duty, stating that his 
business required all of his time. When the movement had progressed fur- 
ther Mr. Tauber was urged to lend his assistance to the finance committee, 
and, after a time, he consented to leave his business and undertake tliis 
work. The committee operated successfully, and this was, in a large measure, 
line to the fact that Mr. Tauber and one or two otlver men of affairs neglected 
their own business long enough to act as its members. 

Mr. Tauber was bom in Saxony in 1840, and moved to Canada in ISdO. 
engaging in the mercantile business there until his removal to West Vw- 
Sinia in 1880. He engaged in the .«!aw and planing mill business in Guyan- 
dotte and continued therein until 1S90. when he etered the roofing tile business 
in Huntington. Mr. Tauber married Miss ^fary Etta Wilson, both residinjr 
in Canada at the time. They, with their children, have resided in Guyandotte 
continuously since they came to the United States. 


Heiu'v 0. Thoriiburg, vice picsiilmt of the Giiyandofte Centennial and 
• abtMl ('(junry Home Coming Assu.iatitjn. was born in Barboursville. but 
' ;ime to (iuyandotte when quite yuimj:. Largely through his own etfoi-ts 
lie lias built himself up to a promincMit position in the business affairs of 
Hnntingtnn. and the Thornburg Manufacturing Company, of which he is 
U'eneral manager, has long been uno of tiie leading wood working concerns 
"f the city. Mr. Thornburg was rlio tii-st man not an actual resident of rhc 
I iry of Huntington to become a lucniiui' >>{ rlic chamber of Commerce. Asi(l<> 
'rnni rliis. lie "Iocs not belong to an\ iliin- hut ilif Southern Methodist Chun h 
:ind rht' democratic party, in both nf which attiliations he is staunch and 


l^(isrni;isrer Z. T. W'ellin^ron is one <if < Miyaudotte's native siuis. H 
was li»)i-n on Api-il V2. 1S4T. rlie son ol' Mr. and Mrs. Krasrus Weilingroil 
Aside from two and one-half years spenr in rlie west, he lias resided in (iuyan- 
dotte always. He has served as assessoi- of ("ahell County, to which ofHc' 
lie was elected in ISTD. and was for eiulit years, a dei)iity sheriff of the counts 
f'jjon the appointment of J. S. Miller, auditor, he at one time fixed the valua- 
tion of land in the county. He has been a mendier of the common counci 
and treasurer of (luyandotre. He l)ecame [lostiiiaster durinj:' the first admin- 
istration of President McKinley and has continued in this position since. 



THE TAJ.L SV. -A.MoKi-: op < ;r VAXI )()TTi:. 

■* l''n(r it to 'cm." 

•I(>slma Siiitei-. iKTTei- Uiiowu as -Ih)." SuiriM-. "ilie rail sycamore oT 

<iiiyan.l(irte."" lias iiad a larjre part in rlic ailaii-s .,r rli. town <>[ (Jiivaiidm te. 

As will be seen by the atlidavit. which is a i-air of rliis ai-ri.le. he was lueseiiT 

and [uirticipating when the Fnion foices l.urued the town in l;<iil. After 

rlie war he moved with his family to <;nyandorte and resided there many 

years, serving for a long time as the town marshal. Whoever was a citizen of 

'iuyandotte during tlios-e days knew and esteemed "hoc" Suiter, whose un- 

'launted courage, tireless energy and never failing kindness of heart endeared 

liim to them. He is now a citizen of Huntington and is marked by the same 

. haracteristics as in his early days. His old friends are loyal and he makes 

uew ones every day. His affidavit follows: 

State of West Virginia, 

County of Cabell, SS: 

Personally appeared this (hiy Itefoic the undersigned authority, Joshua 
Suiter, who being first by me duly sw<»ni. (lejxises and says that he was born 
in r.awrence Connty. Ohio, on October •_'(). 1X4;'). and that during the rebellion 
li'' was a resident of Bradrickville. in said Lawrence (^ounty; that in Febru- 
•"•V. isti.'>. lie enlisted in Comiiany A. of tlie iSSfli Ohio Infantry, in the ser- 
vi-e of tiie r'nited States; that in tlic year isc.l. at a time when (ien. A. O. 
•ft'iikins. then a captain in the Confederate service made a raid upon the 
f'lwn of (Suyandotte in .said Cabell County, a large sidewheel steamboat 
"•iiiying several comi»anies of the I'ifih \ iii:iiiia Infantry. \'. S. A., then 
^r.iri,,i,cd at C(Medo. West \'irgini;i. I;iii<led at I'roctorsv'ille, on the Ohio 
"^'■'■' •""• '""•< iiboaid about as maiiy as a tompany of what was then 


known to this affiant as members of the Ohio State Militia; and that thij 
iUTiant, along with other non-enlisted men and boys also went tiboard sai(l 
steamboat; that said steamboat went up the river to a p«>int about one milj 
above the said town of Ouyandotte, where all of said regular soldiers, said 
militia and non-enlisted men. including rhis affiant, debarked, and formin 
into line of march went to said town of Ouyandotto; that the said Co\\ 
federate forces had left the said town of (^myandotte. whon the said T'nited 
States soldiers, and the other militiamen and citizens of Ohio entered the 
same: tliat great confusion prevailed in said town and it was not knowij 
whether the said Tonfederate forces had abandoned thoir said raid or not; 
and the report was abroad that a number of soldiers and otiuMs had been 
killed: that the streets of said town in the business portion, were filled witl' 
goods and merchandise from store houses and that it was generally though^ 
that the said Confederate forces would return and seize*" said goods and 
merchandise; that the said United States officers and soldiers woi-e in com, 
mand and direction, and that the greater portion of the dwellings and busines.J 
houses in said town as well as said goods and merchandise were, that day. 
consumed bv Are, which said fire was made as this affiant remembers ixn^i 
believes on the grounds of military necessity; that included in the buildingf 
so burned, were nil of the buildings then situated (m the east side of Ouyan 
dotte Street between Bridge Street and the Ohio rivor. 
And further this deponent saith not. 


Subscribed and sworn to before me this IStii day of 0(tob»M-. liiOr.. as 
witness my official seal and signature. 

[SEAT,] Notary Public. 


Fred A. Knight is one of the nuMubers of the common council of Guyan- 
(lotte. He is a native of Lawrence <'ounty. Ohio. September 10. lS.<i:3. He 
has been a resident of Guyandotte several years. He is at present general 
foreman in the steel department of the Huntington Plant of the American 
Car and Foundry Company. 


Gl-:OR(il-: F. MILJ.EK. 

George F. Miller, a iifelonj- .iiizcn of ("abell Couucy. has beeu one of 
ihe principal figures ia the Louiin.-nial ac-iiviry which has bnuiyht Hunting- 
loQ to its present nourishing ami picsperous enndition. He was the sun 

of George F. Miller, a (.iernian i ligiant. who, with his family, settled in 

the valley of the Guyandutte in IMS. Alter receiving his e<lucatioa at a 
select school taught by i'rof. B. H. ThacUstoii. Mr. .Miller entered business at 


an early age. Thi-outiU lii.s own keen business insight ;uul nntirinji effort 
has establislied for himself an enviable phue in the business cinles of 
state. He is vice [nesident of the First National Hank, presidenr of the Ffrst 
Trust ('onii)uny and Savinjis Hank, and is largely interesred in orlier l<f^ 
institutions, besides holding nuich of the most valmd>le real estare in H 

Judge Thomas H. Harvey was born in I'utnam Counry. in what is 
West Virginia, the son of Robert Harvey. In the beginning of the Civil war 
he entered the Confederate army wiih his father and at one time both 
made prisoners together. After ilie war he was educated at Washingtuu 
and Lee University and became a lawyer. After a number of years of success-- 
ful practice he was elected ji:dge of the circuit which then comprised 
counties of (,'abell, Lincoln. Logan an«l Wayne, an office which he held for 
many years. Since his retiremcni from olVu-e he has been engaged in 
banking business, .being largely inieresicd in the American National iij^ 
and the American liank and Tnisi Comjiany. 


(ieneral J. L. (.'akhvell, piesuk-ur ot the Fii-st Xarional Hank, aud largely 
interested iu niauy of the other [niiuipal institutions, is Mniong the wealth- 
iest men of southern West N'irginia. It is an interesting fact that the foua- 
datioD of his snetess was laid in <inyandotte, where he was engaged iu 
husiuess in his young manhood, lit' \\as one of the founders of the First 
National Lank, was a i>rinie ninxcr iu the (•onstrncrion of the first street 
lailway in Huntington, and nini-e iccciitly. tonic a |iroiiiinent part in the 
Iniilding of the (.lUyandotte \'alh'> lailroad. .Mr. ("ahlwcll was hoiii in what 
i.s now Wii-t County, West Vir-inia. .May -Jii. lS4ti. W ilie age of si.xteen 
years he enlisted in Coni[)aiiy I'. Si.\iielh Ohio Wjluntecr Infantry, and 


.served until the close of the war. For several years he has been couimandgr 
of Bailey Tost ^*o. 4, (J rand Army of the Republic, uud only u mont 
a<'-o he became commander of the West Virginia divissiim. The pas!«:iug years 
have not marked, as yet, the end of Mr. Caldwell's activiry. Ul* bids fi^i-' 
lo take a prominent part in business alfairs for some years ri) cuiiie. 
has been an enthusiastic supitorcer of the t-tMiteunial moviMueur irnm the tirsi. 
and was chosen a number of weeks ago to act as grand marshal of the parai 


The history of Guyandotte would be incomplete without reference 
this stalwart life. He belongs to the earliest days, too early in fact, tor 
the most of us now. Had he lived four years longer he could have sto'."l 
before us today at the age of US and told his own life's story and quite 
tainly he could have gone beyond the memory of any other man present. 

Mr. Miller was born in Mason County, near Point Pleasant, was ma 
ried in April, 1837, to Miss Eliza Ann Chapman, whose home was oppos 
Springtield, now known as Springtield Cemetery, where his remains lie be- 
side those of his wife, who preceded him about twelve years. He was 
gaged in the Ohio river steamboat service, rising from clerk to captani. 
After his marriage he retired from the river and engaged in mercant^ji 
business in Gallipolis, Ohio. In 1841 he moved to Guyandotte and ag; 
engaged in mercantile pursuits, in which he was successful, and continueii 
so up to the Civil war, when his property, both home and store, was 
stroyed by fire the morning of November 11th, the day after the battle 
the Union soldiers and he himself, taken to Camp Chase as a prisoner. 

In 1SG7 he went to Covington, Kentucky, and engaged in the wholes, 
commission business as H. H. Miller & Son, in which he remained actk^- 
until a few years before his death, which occurred June (J. l'JU-1. 


The eminent John Randolph once said that the tri;e worth of a blc^ - 
was never proven until it had once risen from adversity or misfortune, 
this is a statement which may be taken to apply well to the case ol" the Peter 
Cline Buffington of today. The name of Buffingtou has always been an h 
ored one in Cabell County, and doubtless will be while the family is rep*, 
.sented within its borders, certainly while it numbers such men as the subject 
of this sketch. Born and brought up in atfluence Mr. Buffington met w 
severe reverses in his young manhood, and he was left to achieve his owu 
fortune as best he might. With never a word of complaint he set to w(jyi_>- 
to do so, and his years of etfort have been crowned with success. Thoij 
he has not won back the lost fortune, he has established himself as a sub- 
stantial citizen of Huntington, hicking nothing of the former social prest 
of the Buffingtons and enjoying at least as great a degree of res[H.'ct as 
did before the Buffington fortune slipped away. 


Hugh B. Hagen, pi-esident of tUe whcU-sale gi-(.i:ei'v Uuuse of Hagi-u, 
Katcliff & Company, is a son ,.f the late .J.i.lge William H. Hagen. 'nh.ngh 
still a comparatively young man he Ims !<..:- h.-hl a l.iuh phuv in iht; business 
ciiTles of Huntington. The impoi-tan.-.' of il... imsin.'ss uhi.l. In- iu^nis is 
.lue largely to his personal ellort ami aiit-niion. 


Sam D. Hayslip was born in A<lams Couniy, Ohio, seveniy-one years 
ago and came to Cabell County in i^r^, since ihat time he has Ihed almost 
continuously in Guyaudotte. Fur sixtceu years he served the citizens oi 
Cabell County as asses.sor and h,. has served in (Juyand<.ite as nmyor, reconh-r 
and councilman. During mu«-h of his life he has'l>e.'n engaged in ihe limber 
business and he has been connecied with ihe Guyaudotte Boom (/ompany 
since its organization. Mr. Hayslip is widely known largely for his humor, 
which is of no mean (pialiry. This, with a vast fund of stories of the past 
days, makes him an interesting member of any group. His career has been 
useful and honorable, and he enj..ys in a. marked degree, the respect' and 
esteem of his neighbors. 

Gi:OK(Jl-: S. I'AGE. 

In paying tribute to the uumi who made the centennial possible, if would 
be more than unjust to omit the name of George S. I'age. .Mr. I'age lias 
been a resident of Guyaudotte Cor many years, having beini engaged in the 
•mercantile business as a partne.r in the lirm of i'age & Everett, his associate 
being Henry Clay Everett. This lirm had an imuieuse business, supplying 
customers from one end of the Gnyan valley to the other. Besides this, they 
owned the wharfage privilege at Guyaudotte. For several years past Mr. 
Page has been in retirement. He has e.Ktensive holdings and is a director in 
the First National Bank of Huniin^tou and in the First Trust Company and 
Savings Bank. He served on the linauce committee (jf the centennial associ- 
ation, and his intlueuce in business circles was not the least factor in this 
committee's success. 

I , 


Stonewall Jackson Sediuger is a fighting man. His father was Capt. 
James Sedinger, who followed .MlM-rt <iallatin Jenkins of the Confederate 
army during the civil war, anil ihe blood of the fighting rangers is in his 
veins. He has been one of the cainest workers in the centennial move- 
ment and his efforts have been rniiUiii. He is a native son of (Juyandofte 
and is thirty-two years old. 



1>. W. Fostei- \v;is born on ;i lariu way down easr in Maine, and when ;i 
young man, went to Coliees, N>w Vmk. and end)ai-ked in bnsinesis. His sray 
tliei-e was slun-t and lie diTei-miiicd in come ro rlie new cirv wliitli wa.- 
pi-ojecred l)elow tiie month of rhc < liiyauddrrc i-Ivcm' on rhe new line of fhc 
< 'liesapeake ^^ Ohio i-aiiway in WCsi \ii-,iiinia. which was to Ini calleil 

y\v. Foster arrived at Ciiiyandoiic early in riic year of ISTl and sojcnii'iH'd 


there until the first lot sale was held in the new city. At that sale he pur- 
chased the sight of the present Foster Kuilding on Third Avenue, in that 
city, and other lots which he still holds. 

He has been in business there continuously since the first year of the 
city's e.xistence and has gained amply of the world's goods, and is t<Klay 
identified with the largest financial and commercial institutions in the city, 
among which may be mentioned the Huntington Land Company, of which he 
is president, and which is the successor of the parent Central Land Company, 
with the management and direction of which he was for many yeai-s identified. 

Now, in his ripened years, with the city which he has helped so greatly 
to build, spreading its spacious ways across what was fields of waste forty 
years ago, this good man assured in conscience, his work has always been 
fairly and faithfully done; assured of the love and esteem of all of his 
fellow citizens and that his example ha.s helped much to reconcile the factional 
spirit so strong in this border land, between the North and South in the 
dark days when he came to the South, may in times fullness say. "now let 
thy servant depart in peace." 

Of all the goodly company which came down to live with us when the 
wheels of progress ran this way, not one stands higher in the lasting alfect- 
ions of their people than Bradley Waters Foster. It is to men like him, sjiiie 
in heart and brain, just, broad and humane in view, that our country owes 
its strength of unity. 

Whether they travel North or South, they are unconscious missiimaries 
from the regions from which they come, and everywhere break those provincial 
lines erected by local prejudice across the spirit of national unity. 

No higher type of pure American citizen lives anywhere than B. W. 


Space forbids the extension of this publication to a much greater length. 
There are others who deserve mention in this connection and who are passed 
over without more extensive mention with regret. One of the foremost of 
these men is James Murphy, a native sou of Cabell County, his father having 
been Dr. Charles Murphy. Mr. Muri)hy has long been a resident of Guyan- 
dotte, where he is engaged in the drug business. He is prominent in business 
and political circles and few men in the state have a wider circle of personal 
friends than he. 


Another is Joseph Anderson, a retired capitalist who has long made 
(Juyandorte his home. For thirty years he has been a leader in affaiis rliere 
and has never failed to lend his assistance to any public undertaking. He 
is a veteran of the (.'onfederate army. 

Among the older citizens of (}uyand<.tte is diaries H. Snmn.ersu,,, xvho 
was a .^tage driver In the days before the war. and keep,.,- ..r ihe mil i.rid.ue 
at a later date. He, with his venerable wife, who was Miss Kmma .Mr.Mahon, 
daughter of General Wayne Mc^Iahon, reside on Main Street. 

H. C. Everett, one of the sons of the late Taltou W. l::verett. has long 
been a leader in the affairs of Guyandotte. After the retirement of the tirm 
of Page & Everett from business, Mr. Everett engaged in the timber business, 
which still occupies him. His .<;on, Richard T. Everett has b«.en one of the 
leaders in the centennial movement. 



We have dealt lierein with the men who have participated in the afifalrs 
of Cabell County in the past, and with those who are helping to mould her 
future; it cannot be iuniss, tlu'refoir. to speak of sons and daughters 
of Cabell who have achievnl honor and distinction elsewhere. Unfortunately, 
little information has been gathered along this line, and because of this, 
the subject can be touched but briefly. 

One of the most splendid careers to he achieved by a Cabell County man 
was that of Albert Gallatin Jenkins, of the army of the Confederacy, who 
fell at the battle of Cloyd Mountain, and who had command of the "raid" 
on the town of Guyandotte, immediately before its destruction, a gallant 
soldier whose life and conduct savored of the traditions of the medieval 
chivalry. Before the war, although of less than constitutional age when 
elected to Congress, he made a brilliant record in that a&sembly. 

With all the immense Jenkins estates lying on the border, with the 
ailmost assured knowledge that however the war nnght terminate, those 
estates would be wrested from them, so deep were their convictions of the 
righteousness of the southern cause, they hesitated not one moment to throw 
all their earthly possessions into the unequal balance and offer up their 
lives for the south. For this great act of sacrifice, the Jenkins family deserves 
full meed of praise for courage, u.^sefulness. with which it maintained through 
disaster and death its high ideals. 

Albert Gallatin Jenkins sleeps in Spring Hill Cemetery, surrounded by 
the bodies of a number of his comrades. 

One daughter, Alberta Gallatin, survives him and resides in New York. 

Jetf Jenkins, brother of Gen'l Jenkins, lived next below him on the river, 
was survived by three sons. D. J. Jenkins, who was sheritf of Cabell 
County, 1893-97, and now a resident of Ohio. G. Robert Jenkins, a successful 
.lentist in New York, and Albert (iallatin, and two daughters, one of whom 
(lied a few years ago and the other, Grace, resides with her mother in 
New York. 

Other sons of Cabell achieved distinction in the service of the Confed- 
eracy, notably among them being James D. Sedinger and Lucien C. Ricketts. 

There were Cabell men on the side of the north also. General Witcher. 
one of these, rising, like Jenkins, to the command or= a brigade. 

Some of Cabell's sons have won piiviable places in avocations of peace 
also. One of these is Eugene Rnftington. son of James Ruffington and a 
grandson of Col. William Buffington. now one of the principal directors in 


the United States Steel Corporation. Mr. Buffington was bor*b at the old 
Ruffington homestead at Cedar Orove. 

Another is Kev. Edward Hite, a brother of William F. Hite, one of 
the best known divines of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a native 
of Guyandotte. 

Dr. William R. Dabney, a son of the late Dr. I), w. Dabney, of Guyan- 
dotte, is an emminent si>, treating disease.s of the eve, ear. nose and 
throat. He is located at Marietta, Ohio. 


One of the striking figures in Cabell's history was the Hon. Evernu^nt 
Ward, who was for years one of the leading lawyera in thi.^ section. He 
was a member of the committee which formulated the constitution of West 
Virginia, served in the Legislature and was Circuit Judge from I87fi to IS72. 

He rendered his most distinguished service to the state as a member 
of the Legislature, when he secured the passage of the law which perfected 
land titles in southern West Virginia. This law, containing the tax forfeiture 
clause, .«aved to the present holders all that vast domain disputed so long 
by Henry C. King and others. 

He was, as well, a distinguished lawyer and jurist, and, above all. a 
man of high character, and his memory is honored by those who were as.^oci- 
ated with him in life. He was a soldier of the Confederacy. He died at 
an advanced age shortly after his retirement from the bench. Judge Ward 
was a native son of Cabell County. 



The rollo«-i„ji uniHe was t;,k.-„ r,- i|„. I|„,„in!;tc,„ .\dvel-fis,.|- oC 

•iime 22 : 

Among the oldest iuhahiranrs „f (;„vaiHl..tte.aiul of Cahell Cmntv. is 
Mrs. ClKii-lotte Temple Doutl.iit, now i,, ,1,,. niiu'tv-Hi-st summer of her ex- 
istence, she having been horn in Franklin <-nnnrv, N'irginia, In Jaum.rv. is-o. 
She has lived in (Inyaudorte for more than scuMifv-seven vears. and. con- 
sequently, take.s precedence of all oMum-s. nor ..nlv in point of age. but in 
point of length of residence as well. Mvs. hunthirt is nothing less than a 
Nvonderful woman. Despite her great age, as to whirl, there is not the slight- 
est doubt, she retains in the fullest n.easure, everv mental faeultv. seeing 
and hearing with the ease of a young gin and grappling with the pn.blems 
ot hte with an unwavering intelligenre. Moreover she still retains her 
physical powers to such a marked extent that she is tending, almost unaided, 
a garden of considerable proportions, she sews by hand and her work is 
neater than that Of many a younger wonmn. 

These statements will doubtless be reeeive.l with in.-redulity by nmny. 
but they are true in every detail, as Mi-s. Duurhitt herself, will testify I., 
anyone who calls to see her at her home on Cnyan Street. 

Yesterday evening an Advertiser man vailed on her for the purpose of 
talking to her concerning the Ouyandotte of the past. When the inter- 
viewer entered he found her sitting on the poreh of. her home, and after 
a few words of preliminary. discovere<l that she was able and willing to 
tell of many interesting events and circumstances. 

^^he said she was the daughter of Lewis Arthur, who lived near Lynch- 
burg. Virginia, and who was a veteran of the war of 1S12, and that she came 
with her parents to (hiyandotte when she was thirteen years old. Seventy- 
four years ago, at the age of seventeen, she nmrried William Douthitt. in 
his day one of the foremost citizens of (luyandotte. now long since dead. 
Mr. Douthitt was a prosperous merchant, i>ossessed of ronsiderable proj)erty, 
the most of which was destroyed by tPie tire which destroyed Guyandotte in 
November, 1863. 

^Ir. Douthitt took no active hand in the struggle, attempting to main- 
tain a neutrality, though his .sympathies were for the most part with the 
North. The suspicion of this sympathy caused him and his eldest .son. .John 
Douthitt, himself now deceased, to be taken to Riehmond by the < 'out' -derates, 
and it did not deter the blue coated soldiers from setting the torrh to his 

" Indeed. I was here when the t(»wn burned." .said his aged widow yes- 
terday evening, '-and I was counted the bravest wonum in the town. I 
carried my goods out of the house and across the bri<lge with my own hands 


after the soldiers had set the torch. \ k».; .i i " , ., ■ 

. . ^ , , "^'^^ •luuse sat here whei-e thi^ 

house IS now and my husband kept store there while we lived in i hi-' 
while frame house which st..<,d just above us p . ' 

,..,.„■,,„, , , ^ "s- r-arly m the war we liccauiii 

[lightened and went across the river, but we dirin-f n , i 

i^+«..T,,;»o/i ^- ^ u -rx. , aidn t liUc to stav liiere. and 

determined to come home. We had only been h. i ,• , ', •, , ' 

hnsband had just gotten a new .stock of {joods wh^n f. ^ 

""^ felons wiien tlu> hre canic. 

"Oh, she sighed, -the wheat we lost; it u-.,« «r . i • . . • i ■ i i 

ing, and the fire destroyed t. We didn't in«^ 

.,,^„ , , ^ ,. .^ . umnr lose our drv g s that wav; 

they took ot it away from „s before the fit-e was kindUH 

•' I was standing at the front door when twn «,.m: ' . . , I 

had better save what I onuld for they we.-e ,„i„,. , „,„ „„. I,.,„sj 

told then, not to do that as «e were «nion sympathi.,.,,, I„.v wouldu't, 

heed n,e saying they had heen given order., to fi,.e everv s... 'l an,l n,v 

sons might have saved the buildings if I had not ,l,„„ght .hev were deleru',. 
med to burn ■ . «on,e buildings were saved by people who threw wate,, 
CD them after the soldiers had gone " 

In talking of the hatrie which was fought in (Juyandotte she told of the 
visit ot the ('<M. federates to her Imme, and of how thev to<,k h.-r luishand 
and eldest sou fn.u. their hiding place in the bed and rsroi-ird ih...... (n 

Richmond, where they were h,.|d f..r two mouths heinj: s,.,.i IkhU i.. 
<Juyandotte. or rather released and allowed to come back. 

Speaking of the Mexican war she .said she remembered that a f.-w im.mi 
went from Guyandotte to the army. Of these, however, she was uuabh. t<. 
remember the names of but one. a man named Hughes, who was killed on 
the battlefield, and whose wife had visited her during the war of rhe rebHlion. 

She spoke of the stage coaches which came to and from Ouvaudotte 
in the early days and this reminded her of an incident which oc-urred during 
the first year of her married life, in 1838. On this occasion, a stage coach 
starting out in the early morning ran ofif the bridge, which crossed Patt's 
branch. The body of the coach fell only a little distance, but the boot fell 
to the bed of the creek. A number of passengers were injured, but none of 
them died from the accident. 

" I remember that well," said ^frs. Douthitt. "It was in the early morn- 
ing and I heard the coach fall and the passengers scream." 

She told also of the hotels of the old days, of the one on the river 
bank conducted by John G. Wright, which she said was the best, and the 
other that stood on Gnyan Street, where the Page & Everett building now 
is. which she said was operated by many different people. Among the land- 
lords of this hotel was one who foil down stairs and broke his neck. She 
said his name was Smith and that he was a stranger, not related to the 
families now residing in Guyandotte. 

The Guyandotte of :^r^s. Douthitt's earliest recollection extended onlv 
back as far as Richmond Street and up the Guyan river to the pre.sent site, 
of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. 





OWN until the time of the war lietweeu the states, the town of Guyan- 
dotte had grown steadily and suhstJintialiy alonj? the slow lines 
of growth and development which then obtained, the vast wealth of 
the region lying south of us, untouched and undreamed of. and the town's 
•growth was based upon surrounding agricultural and river traffic. 

From the wanton destruction of nearly all its business and resident 
buildings by the soldiers in ISfil. it is only in i-ecent years recovering. That 
destruction was the most cruel, needlessly cruel, blow ever received by the 
old town. A tragic circumstance, which shortly preceded it, was the killing 
of Capt. Huddleston. a Confederate officer, by ('apt. John Clarkson, in n 
hotel on (iuyandotte street. Where the blame rested is not a matter of defin- 
ite history, but sufficed t<» say, one of the most gallant young soldiere of 
the South i)erished by reason of it. 

The chaotic conditions succeeded the surrender of Appomattox and 
things were beginning to slowly right themselves when in 1S71 the city of 
Huntington began building. The forty years which have intervened seem, 
despite the tremendous changes wrought In this community, to be but a 
brief span in the progress of time. 

The Guyandotte Valley began yielding its exhaustless treasures a'm 
all the region thereabout is responding to the marvelous impulse of modem 
progress. And the city soon destined to be the metropolis of West Virginia, 
has grown up beside the old town, whose traditions are fast fading from 
memory. The Guyandotte of today treasures not enough its past history 
and if the present celebration revives or stimulates an interest in that history, 
it will not have been held in vain. 

When Henry Clay, standing on a near elevation and looking west of 
the Guyandotte river said, "There is a site where a great city will be builded," 
he was touched with the prophet's spirit, for that "great city" is now in 
full growth and promise. Within the si)here of its ever widening influence, 
the old land marks will soon be forgotten, (or i>rogres8 sweeps them by 
unheeded. Nevertheless, it should be a fine and blessed heritage for the 
people of the old town to cherish the past, "the sweet memories of peace 
and old pastoral times." 

It began its building in the wilderness and in a hundred years, the most 
marvelous hundred years of all the, it has tiuiched infinite phases of 
life, years of rejoicing and years of sorrow. 

The future is bright before her. but whatsoever it brings is only builded 
on the long struggle of the past. 



Chief Marshal „ (Jeu'l .j. L. Caldwell 

(.'hief of Stafif and Commander of Virginia National Guard: 

Brigadier-General Charles 1). Elliott, Adj.-Gen'l of West Virginia 

Commander of First Battalion Major J. I-:. Verlander 

Company G Capt. T. B. 1 >avis 

( 'onipany H < 'apt. F. W. Les ter 

Company I Capt. George S. Wallace 


Iniliistrial Parade. Parade I'mMiis at Ninth Street and Third .Vvenuo, Hunt- 
ington, at 0:00 o'clock a m., proceeds to (juyaudotte. 

II :00 o'clock a. m Centennial Ceremonies 

Invocation. Kev. S. H. Anvil, Pastor Gnyandotte M. E. (.'hnrch, South 

Music — *S'ta/' Spangled Banner „ Second Regiment Hand 

Address of Welcome _ Hon. fJeorge J. McComas 

Address — '^ The Men Who Came Over the Mountainn." 

Hon. W. A. MacCorkle. former Governor of West \'irginia 

Address — IJ^10-191(). ''Went Vinjlniu Then and Yo/c," _. 

Hon. Stuart F. Keed, Secretary of State 

Address — ''CabeU's Satire Sons," Hon. (ieorge I. Neal 

Flag Raising by Junior Order ITnited American Mechanics 

12 :00 o'clock Noon Barbecue 

1:30 o'clock p. m Balloon Ascension 

2:00 o'clock p. m Sham Battle at Gnyandotte 

Baseball Game. 

Reception rrM o'clock p. m. to S:UO o'clock p. ni. 

Fireworks at 0:00 o'clock 

Band Concert. 
John Morgan Beale. President Guyandotre Centennial and Cabell ('ounty 
Home Coming Association Master of Ceremonies 

J. W. COLE. President H. J. LYONS. Secy and Treas. 

The Huntington Piano & Organ Company 

One Price and Terms Reasonable 








Ball 'Pbou 217 Mutual 'Phona 218 



Huntington National Bank 


CAPITAL - - . . $100,000.00 
SURPLUS .... 100,000.00 



F. B. ENSLOW. President 
JOHN W. ENSIGN. Vice-President j ^ O^^Y Vice-President 

C. M. COHEN. Cashier O. K. HAYSLIP. Aslistant clshi 






Dilloh-Osborne Company 



Hanly, Beale & Company 


Bargains in City Property and Farming Land. 
We waste no time on Over-Priced Property — 
Life is too short Buy of us and get the Cream. 

It pays to keep good company when it comes to Fire Insur- 
ance matters. We represent only the BEST and 
sell Insurance that INSURES— Try us. 







Drugs, Stationery 
and Photographic Supplies 



Going away or staying 
at home you'll need a pair 
of our cool Oxfords or Ties 
for the Fourth. 

There's Art in the 
women's ties, pumps and 
sandals we are showing 
for warm weather. 

We can make any 
woman proud of her feet 
if she will come here to 
be fitted. 

Hosiery to match. 


The Store of Quality 


Blair & Buffington 


























BACKED BY $200,000,000 



will c®l(elbira{L© ®wt C©ini{L®iniiniMl 

In about eighty-five years. We ex- 
pert to grow somewhat in the mean- 
time and want the help of other 
"celebrators". Won't you join? 

U M I 

Bsiinik (^ Tiruiisft C©, 


Huntington, We^ Virginia 


Here's to the health of Guyandotte Ladies; 

May they always dress well. 
If they let us plan their costumes, 

They will. 

The ]• W. Valentine Company 


C H. BRONSON. President H. L. BROH. Secy and Treas . 

The Greater Huntington Realty Co. 



City property (improved and unimproved), 
Farms, Coal and Timber Lands, Southern 
West Virginia and Eastern Kentucky. 




Honest Goods at Reliable Prices, 




Less Than 100 Years Ago 

We began selling Pianos in Huntington, 
but we have 100 Pianos which are 
worth more than 1 00 cents on the 
dollar at the prices w^e are now^ offering. 
New Pianos from $1 75.00 up. 
Some slightly used Pianos from 
$125.00 up. 











Sehon, Stevenson & Co. 



"plOR a Fifth of a Century ALPHA Flour has been 
SI^J the Standard of Excellence in Guyandotte. Her men 
and women have length of days added to their lives by 
using it. Her young men grow strong and her maidens 
beautiful on bread made from ALPHA Flour—pure, un- 
bleached and wholesome. Use ALPHA always, and you 
may live to celebrate the next Centennial. 






Ha^eii, Ratcliff & Company 




SEPT 04