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V 3433 08231 000 8 







\ | eople vvlm tal.i- no priJe in the nnHe achievements <>t renmte ancestors, will never achieve anything 
worthj to b ' nembered with pride by remote generations. MAI \ii\v. 

< i t K \< ;< >. i i .1 ,. 
A. \\ . I ' >\\ I \ V < ( > 


554793 A 

K J - 

^'of kindred and Uic xenealogit's of the ^Ancient 
Families deseroeth the highest puiisc LORD BACON. 


The whole land is old. People, phut-, animal-, of strang ainl 

< livi - ] here when the world was new. They died. Long the land lay deflate. 

i. Then cami bold heroi s of a strange white color, the latest of 

many tribes who had crawled over its wrinkled face. They came with " 
with rhythmic shouts and \ell>, with the sharp talk nf strange instruments that 

.thed smoke and fire. They ran t and I'm. They hunted to the death the 
wild men who had come to the land ages upon ages after tin- first - 
I hey killed, in the vig"V <>i their keen enjnyinent, the shaggy beasts that covered 
the plains even like great swani> of bees. The.) di:g up the ground. Thev dug 
greal ditihes. Their fat kine and their wool-covered l>east> everywhere sur- 
r.iiiunted the low hills and plains and ran in the vallevs, and the white men waxed 
1'at. Tint ever the\ were tilleil with unrest and ran l<> and fro. They found vasl 

'th in the land and in their lalmrs; hut ever they enntimied in run ti > and fro; 
and. to this day. they ar< ed MIL; mi ire :^:iin. seeking more \\ealth: 

e\'er running to and fro. And the fame of this land hath encircled the earth. 

There is no heroic poem in 11ie -world bill is at the bottom 
the life of a man. SIR WALTER SCOTT. 


The struggle and accomplishment, the unrest and labors, the depriva- 
tions and pleasures, the failures and successes of the founders of the Mate, and of 
ilk- present Progressive Men of "Wyoming, are much better told by themselves 
tha.i thev could be by others in main ponderous volumes of elaborate historical 
disquisitions. These men of activity, who have in this volume given the unpre- 
tentious annals of their lives, will, at no far-distant future day, receive a nation's 
reverence as a race of heroes, "the demi-gods of the dawn of time," the creators of 
civilization in a desert wilderness, swarming with wild beasts and with wilder men. 
They will be held in distinctive honor as the founders , ,f families, then equaling 
in ability, in prominence ami in wealth, the most distinguished of those established 
in the Colonial days of American history by the Cavaliers of .Maryland, Virginia 
and the Carolinas, the (Juakers of Pennsylvania, the Knickerbockers of Xew York 
and Xew Jersey, the Pilgrims and Puritans of Xew England. The short and sim- 
ple annals, which, taken down from their own lips, are here presented to the reader, 
will, in the extended course of time, be considered as a priceless heritage by the de- 
scendants of these "men of mark." In centuries to come this volume, containing 
their tales of the new land, the unformed but progressive Wyoming, will hi 
j value to all American*, which we. practical men of to-day, cannot fully realize. 

It has been well said that the custodians of records, who place their knowl- 
edge, concerning useful men of preceding generations and their descendants, in 
M' luring, puservable and accessible form, perform a valuable public service in 
thus rendering honor to whom honor is due, and by thus establishing reliable fam- 
ily histories, which loyal descendants will take a just pride in continuing for the 
. lit of other generations of their descendants in the centuries yet to come. To 
this work the publishers and their assistants have earnestly applied themselves, in 
this volume presenting the results of their faithful labors. The\ desire to exp: 
their thanks to those progressive citizens of the state whose laudable enterprise 
has rendered pi **ible the pnhlieation of this memorial volume. Their grateful 
acknowledgment* are also extended to those whose important and valuable services 
have been given in aid of the compilation of ibis work men of brains, of thought. 
of sagacity, possessing pride in their u;loriou* commonwealth and of the many 
courtesies e: tended to them b\ the Press of the entire state. ( hie i *i the heartiest 
D ii i) fa tors in their labors, the late ( ',\ crn. ir Richards, the greatest man in this land 
of great men. gave here his latest information and has passed on to the Silent 
Land, mourned and reverenced by the people of the whole nation. 

The engravings scattered through this volume add much to its charm 
value. It is to be greatly regretted that other* of the prominent citizens of the 
state' are noi thus represented, but. not fully recogni/ing the value thereof, which 

11 will make more apparent, the-, have not in this manner 
operated with the publisher*, often, indeed, failing e\en to give the necessaf) 

i memoir. ( n many of the oldtime .\orthies. there, even ii"\v, "remain- 
track nor trace." Trusting that the rc*nlt of their arduous labors will meet a i 
dial gn cl be fully appreciated, the publishers now hand the ' .on. 

Ye sett/no- ilcucii of \\- events in ye life of a person, should 
with great care be ctceomplislied. They make up ye record 
whereof future men shall judge him. OLD WRITER. 


Abbott, .1. H 34 

Adams, A. E 535 

Adams, J. D 307 

Aiiuins, \\". T 

Agee, J. \V 730 

Alexander, E 739 

Alger. H. C :;ns 

Allan, R. P .",7s 

Allamand, M. J 714 

Allen, C. J 602 

Allen, C. Z 604 

Allen, H. C 35 

All. n. J. \V 535 

Alsop, Mrs. M. F 309 

Alston, F 737 

Amoretti, E., Jr iSa 

Anderson, C. ^40 

Anderson, D 310 

Anderson, L 73:i 

.son, Mary J 742 

Anderson, O. F 740 

Anderson, T. J 741 

AiHn'ws, H. A 742 

Ank' ny, D. E 743 

Arnold, II. M ... 

Arnold, \V 74.", 

. li. H 37 

. \V. H 36 

Avont, C GO : 

Avery, \V. S 136 

Atrhi.soll, \V 

Austin. H. II 746 

Ayres, A. \V 626 

Baker. N 312 

. !'. A 37 

Baily, Mrs. L. M 311 

in, Mrs. J HIM 

Baldwin. M. X ll:< 

Baldwin, R. A 

Banks. A. 74S 

Banks. H. \V 564 

Barber. A. W I."," 

Barnes, J. F 749 

Barrow, M. C ll'H 

Barry, S. F 608 

Bath, F. C 60G 

Bath, H I is 

Bath, P. H ::i l 

Ham-urn, A. P 1!'2 

Bawker, I. S 71^ 

Bawker, J. T 750 

Beehler, J. G 751 

Beeman, N 98 

Belknap, C. C 750 

Bell, G. A 752 

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Beltz, E. T 315 

Benedict, G. A 753 

Bennett, G 605 

Benzon, J 7.v~> 

Bergerson, B 40 

Bess, J. L 726 

Bilkox, J 537 

Bird, C r.4 n 

Bird. T 606 

Black, J. A 40 

Blackham, S 31:; 

Blake, C. C 60^ 

Blake, M. J 755 

Blakesley, L 608 

Blight, ' J 609 

lUyih, T 463 

Blydenburgh, C. E 610 

Hoggs. A 41 

Bo! In, <; 316 

Bond. F 454 

Booth. \V. J 7.",6 

Borner, J, G 538 

Bowers, \v. W 455 

Boyce, \V 317 

11. J. B 725 

Boyer, J. B 318 

Bramel, C. \V 162 

r.r:ui(lli'y, K .1 751 

Brenning. H. L 12 

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Bright. J. N 319 

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I. X. S 320 

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Brown, .1. H ' 76:> 

Hi-own. M. F 612 

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Bnmdage. \V. II 612 

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Budd. D. C 71.j 

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Bull. F 566 

Bullock. H. M 542 

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Burch. G. \V 62 

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Burg, G. A 17 

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Burke, C. E 761 

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Burkhalter, G. H 767 

Burleigh, O. W 766 

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B J. C 76\ 

Burton. A. F 61:: 

Burton, T. F 714 

Bu i rfield, B. S L92 

Butterfield, C. \V l!'l 

Butterfield, G. r li'2 

Butterfleld, \v. H 192 

: - , J. W 

B: i ne, .1. P 

Byrne, M i.'.i; 

Call. A. V 616 

Call. J. H 771 

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Carroll. \v. I 1 

Cartel. .1. V. A 

Carter, Mrs. M. E. . 
Carter, Hon. \V \. 

c'arriithiTs. 1C 

Casey, J. G 

Cashin. \V. J 

Casto, I. F 

Casto, \V. C 

Cave, S. G 

Cazier, C. D 

Chalice, A. T 

Chamberlain, A. D. 
Chapman, G. F. . . . 
Chapman, J. W. . . . 

Chatfield. E. E 

Chatterton, F 

Cheeseman, H. E. .. 

Cheney, S 

Christensen, I 

Christmas, H. E. . . 

Clark. A. T 

Clark. C. F 

Clark. F. L 

Clark. G 

Clark, H. D 

Clans?. J. H 

Clegg, E 

Cltmmons, C. P. . . 
Cienclenning, H. M . 

Coates, F. W.- 

Coble, J. C 

Cockins, E. V 

Cockins. S. H 

Cody, W. F 

Coffey, W 

Cole, H 

Cole, J 

Coleman, A. L 

Collett. F. K 

Collett, S 

Collins, C. W 

Collins, M. R 

Collins, W. J 

Collins, \V. S 

Conant, A. A 

Conley, J. T 

Connelly, W. L 

Connors, T 

Cook, A. D 

Cook. C. H 

Cook, F 

Cook, J. C 

Cooney, M 

Copman, W. R 

Corbett, J. F 

Corn, S. F 

Cornelison, J. M. . . 

Corn well, R 

Corson, S 

Cotner, S 

Cotner, S., Jr 

Cowhick, D. R 

Coy. W. B 

Crawford, J. E 

Crawford, S. A 

Creswell, G. W 


111 : ron, .1. A (H 

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in Crook, \V. \\ 

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586 (Yoiii. I). F 

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77, Curtis, K. K 200 

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:i27 Cusack, E r.'7 

540 Daly, J. H 'il 

I Xi Daniels, A. B 62 

r.4 1 I lanielson, C 548 

780 Davidson, J. C H"> 

nis Davies, E. I? ''2 

330 Davis, 15. K. 64 
I'M, Davis, C. A "2 I 

Davis, E ?16 

7V, Davis, G. \V 96 

22 Davison, J 63 

617 Davis, W. R 645 

567 DeVall, S. G 796 

619 Dean, J 339 

56 Dean, S 205 

ins De jne, J. W 798 

329 Decker, C 621 

53 DeGraw, F. C 207 

472 Delaney, P. J 797 

7S1 Deloney, C 2ml 

543 Deming, W. C 466 

782 Denebrink, F 340 

482 Dereemer, C. A . . . 727 

717 Dewey, J. C 572 

783 Dibble, A. D 69 

57 Dickey, J. H 70 

614 Dickey, S 341 

754 Dickinson, A. L 800 

82 Dickinson, I. J 622 

653 Dickinson, P. P 204 

203 Dickinson, W. H 799 

785 Dickson, T. C 67 

787 Dinneen, M. P 342 

755 Dinneen, W. E 342 

2nd Dinwiddie, E. R 343 

507 Ditlinger, J 798 

331 Ditto, S. D 800 

619 Dodd, W. H 343 

789 Dodge, J. T 70 

568 Dolan, W 345 

467 Dolar, J. W 72 

790 Donahue, J 549 

543 Doty, S 4/4 

465 Dougherty, J 71 

467 Downs, A S03 

952 Draper, W. F 623 

542 Drury, E. S 73 

618 DuSault, P. E 75 

791 Dudley, Mrs. E. M 74 

792 Duling, J. E 346 

469 Durnford, Mrs. E 347 

332 Durnford, G. T 347 

793 Early, C. J 801 

333 Early, J 544 

620 Eaton, E 546 

620 Ecker, J. B 624 

334 Edwards, C. H 674 

58 Edwards, C 570 

793 Edwards, M 803 

473 Elder, B. 75 

336 Ellingson, E 209 

Ellingson. S. J 208 

Emge, .1. I' 625 

.1. .M 805 

Erdei : E C 211 

KrirkKun, A 76 

K. Al 804 

.1. E 2H!) 

Fiiddics, R 807 

Paddies, .1. \V 806 

r.-mvliild, J. E 84 

Fiiuviiihl, J. E., Jr ,>f> 

Fakl.T, D. A Sin 

Farlow, E. J r,2:i 

Farlow, J. N . I'll 

Faust, E G25 

Fuu-t, W. C 717 

i awcett, F. B 79 

Ferris, G 575 

Ferguson, I M^ 

Fenner, Mrs. S. H 78 

Fenton, J. J 577 

Fenton, R i;27 

Fiero, J. G 386 

Fnvsione. W. S -Jl:> 

Fisher. E. E 568 

Fisher, J. W 347 

Foote, F. M 475 

Forbes, G. A 631 

Foster, J. H 86 

Foster, L. B M2 

Foster, T. J 349 

Fox. G. A 630 

Franc, 628 

Francis, J 813 

Francis. T. A 809 

Frank. M 350 

Freaney, T 352 

Freel, Mrs. E. H 351 

Freel, J. H 350 

Freeman, W. C. C 77 

Frevert, F. W 811 

Frost, J. M S13 

Fulmer, H 352 

Fye, A. H S14 

Fye. B. M 744 

Gadfoy, J 815 

Gaines, A 213 

Gambell, A. D 786 

Gamble, C. T 815 

Garlock, H. C 89 

Gerber. J. A. . . 213 

Gerber. J. F 87 

Gerdel, P. H 476 

Giessler, L. L 817 

Gilford, Van L 816 

Gilchrist, A 355 

Gildersleeve, A. M 361 

Giltner, M. V 819 

Gleaver, J. B 819 

Goddard, D. E 353 

Godfrey, A. C 214 

Godfrey, F. E 357 

Godfrey, H. M 820 

Good, W 88 

Goode, A. M 81 

Goodman, J. S 21fi 

Goodman, J. C 358 

Goodrich, G. T 477 

Goodrich, \V. D 821 

Gordon. P 88 





Gotwals, A 634 

Gould, .1. V S22 

Gnuld. \V. B 

am, J 

Graham, J. R 632 

Graham, W - 1 r. 

Granim, O liii 

G ra ni . D i > 

(Jrant, G. C 91 

Grant, L. R '' 

Greene, s. I) 90 

Gregg, M. D 821 

Gregory, C. M 90 

Gregory. H. J 4S1 

Giviili. .1 92 

Griffin, G. N. .- 545 

Griffin, J. H 80 

Griffin. J. \V . 4S4 

Griggs, N. \V 546 

Grimmett, 370 

Grinnell. C. H 530 

Groshon, M 483 

Gross, C. .1 834 

Grimily, C. J S2::I 

D ey, C. A isi; 

Guild, C 360 

Guild. G. T 362 

Guild. J. A :.T4 

Guild. .1. H 823 

Guild, J. P 487 

Guild. \V 217 

Gunning, J. C 824 

in') ton, T :'." i 

Haddenham. H 71 S 

Hadi'.! nham, .1 71S 

v, .!. F 633 

I ) X 547 


Hall. I'. .1 489 

Hall. R 490 

Hall. T 363 

Hamilton, 0. A 93 

Hamilton. R. R 838 

Hamilton, \V. F 363 

Hammond, F. D 828 

llamm-r, A. D '. I 

Haniia. O. P 218 

I tanner, I). \V 635 

! urn. J. C 634 

ii. H din 

Hanson, H. S 22:: 

Hardee, O. P 832 

Hardin. S. H 221 

Hardman, J 222 

Harper, .1 591 

Haip -i. K. A 97 

Harrison. F 364 

Harrison, H. II 224 

Harsi-h. P 830 

Hart, K. F 825 

- , \V 833 

Hartley, G 841 

arvard, H. r 636 

arvey, G. P 365 

ey, R. B 22:, 

Harvey, \V. H i:H \V. K 835 

Bauf, o 96 

HaupliiitT. .1. .1 492 

Ha\i ken, A. E M7 

Ha-.vken. A. G 847 

Hawkeu, C. R sir, 

Ha\vken, H. O sti; 

Hawken. T. R 846 

Haw kins. .1. T s:,s 

ey, J. R 225 

Hay. H. G 231 

Hays, G. V 828 

Haygood, A. \V 366 

Hecht, H. K a< 

Heder, A. G MH 

Heder, G 839 

Hegge, F. J 368 

H.-nh-ieh, C 842 

Held. H 232 

Heller. J 827 

Helraer, F. D 833 

Holms. H 636 

Hemler, A. A !i!i 

Hellrh. .1. M 368 

Henderson, A. C s-l 1 

Henke. O. R 100 

Hepp. C. J 233 

Hi rsehler, J. H 234 

Hersey, G. P 101 

Hewitt, Mrs. A 

Hicks. T. B 37] 

Higgins. J. E S2H 

Hill, A 829 

Hinkston. M. A 637 

Hinton, \V 493 

Hocker. W. A l<>2 

Hodgin. H. E ::72 

Hoge, A 843 

Hoge, J. M 72s 

Holden, C. W 235 

Holt. T. I) 494 

Holliday. W. H 373 

Homer. H 550 

Ho ker, W. A m2 

Hopkins. J. D Vis 

Hopkins. M 840 

Hornecker, J. M 831 

Hoskins, A. D 103 

Hosack, .1. S 495 

Horr, C. \V :;7t; 

Howe, M. G 496 

Hudson, E. B 236 

Huff, J. T 549 

Hufford, V 841 

Hughes. \V. S 836 

llunsini:i-r, 581 

Hum. It. C 573 

Hunt, W. F 638 

Hunt. \V. H 72H 

llunti-r. .1 837 

Hunter, .1. G 

Hiintun, .1 : . 

Hyatt, S, \V 551 

Hyde. II .v'-i; 

Id. !!. Mrs. A H4 

[den, s A 514 

[redale, .l>lm 639 

i redale, Joseph 2:;:i 

Irvine. \V r, |n 

I. .1. I' MS 

Iv.-s. C '.H 

.hi. Itson, r !' 369 

on, \v. E 504 

.lames. I-'. II ! 

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Jenne, .1 

lings, H. B 1"! 

C. K 

Jensen. G : 

Jensen. .1 7 1 '.' 

Jensen, P 

Jesurun. M 

Johnson, C. \V 

Johnson, J 1"7 

1 nson, L. K ' 

..son. O : 

Johnson. \V. G 2 

Johnson. \V. \V 849 

. i in, J. L ."":: 

Johnston. J. R ."."L' 

John ton '>! R 3 

Jones. C. H '<>:< 

Jones. D. J -M 

Jones, H. R 552 

Jones, J 381 

Jones. J. T 851 

Jordan, H-. . . 660 

Jii'lsun, C. E 382 

Kane. R 852 

Kastor. 1 383 

Kastner. J 853 

Keas, A. M 383 

Kearns. F 

Keister, S. A. D 242 

Kelley. .1. L 641 

Kelly. W. T 21:! 

K'Miast. F ' - 

Keninston. W. H 855 

K.-ndall, A t08 

Kennedy. J. H : 

Kennedy, It. .\l :',V, 

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's. rshner. c. I! 580 

Kerslmer, G. \\' 719 

Kessler. J. A 21! 

Keyes. \V. L 

Kilpatriek. R. .1 

Kilpatriek. S. D r,<; 

Kilpatriek, \V. II 

Kimball. E. H 

Kimhall. \V. S 

Kime, .1 :.i;2 

Kinney. J. R 859 

Kitmey. 1'. J 387 

Kipping. P L'ti; 

Kirkpat riek. .1 Ill 

Kirkpalri, i,. J. \V 

Kise. s 858 

Mass n. H 

Knight. J 

Knittle. It. II .Ml 

Kmdis. A - 

Kriiuss. 1 Mil 

Krllget, .1 D. c 217 

Kuenj ' i \ 2is 

Kuiit/.iiian. G 112 

Kuyki-mlall. \V. 1 1 I :. 

Kuykendall, H 1 ! 

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C 86B 

Lane, A. i> 21-.' 

l.aiinen. \V :>s 

n. H. . 



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Loveday, 1 807 

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Luikin, C 663 

Luman. A 194 

Luman, .1 910 

Lund, J 254 

Lundie. F 

Lusk, F. S 117 

. .1 <'i3 

McAllister, D 118 

McAuley, R 555 

McAvoy, J. A 255 

McCaffrey. B 256 

McCallum. D 397 

McCarell, J. J 661 

McCannel, D. C 662 

McCorniick, J. J 721 

McCoy, J. L 402 

McCreary, L 869 

McDonald, D 257 

McDonald, K 113 

McGee. T. H..: 512 

McGee. T. L ST1 

McGinnis, W. J 575 

McGrath, M 261 

McGraw, J. A 870 

\! quhara, J. J 120 

McLennon. D 665 

McLaughlin, J. R 666 

McLoughlin. J 513 

McNay, 0. W 664 

McNeil. \V 

McNiven, J 664 

McXish, J 264 

McPhee, H. M 121 

McPhillamey, R Ml 

McReynolds, W 498 

McWhinnie, C. H 122 

MacFarlane, W. F 260 

Maghee, G. H 730 

Maghee, T. G 210 

Magoon. J. H 123 

Major. S. T 265 

Manley. M 515 

Mann, E. W 516 

Manorgan, J. A 517 

ng, \V. F 871 

Marclii'ssauli. A. R 

laky, M 

.\liiri-in, .1. J 556 

.ill. i; s72 

.Martin. A. J 667 

Martin. L. E 518 

Martin, S 121 

ton, C. A 668 

Mason, A. H 125 

Mason. I. G 669 

Mason, M 875 

Mass, P 146 

Mathi ws, F. M 398 

intihcws, J. B 873 

Matthews, T. X 2;:; 

la . yell, \V S74 

May, J. 1 558 

May, J. M 127 

R 731 

tfead, G. S 670 

Mt-pks, C. D 876 

Megeath, E. Y 877 

Megeath, J. G 877 

Megeath, T. A ^ 7 7 

Mellor, W. H 131 

Melloy. A. R 127 

Mendenhall, W. H 529 

Merrill, G S78 

Merrill, J. L 879 

ill, G. W 520 

Meyer, Mrs. B 560 

Meyer. J. S 559 

Middaugh, I. 519 

Miller, A. L 398 

Miller, C. F 403 

Miller, G 669 

Miller, H. G 880 

Miller, H. E 880 

Miller, J. M 560 

Miller, J. W 884 

Miller, R 2G5 

Miller, R. A 723 

Miller, W. H 399 

Mills, S. A 133 

Mitchell, F. S 518 

Mitchell, G 521 

Mondell. F. W 646 

Moody, S. Y 883 

Moore, J. R 129 

Moran, J 405 

Morgan, O. C 565 

Morgareidge, C. W 267 

Morsch, W. J 523 

Morton, J 400 

Morris, D. M 561 

Morris, W. E 671 

Morrison, C. A 134 

Morse, R. A 670 

Moslander, C 722 

Moss, W. H 401 

Mott, J 135 

Mover. C. A 136 

Murphy, M. H 405 

Murphy. M 802 

Murray, E. S 961 

Muria, F. J 724 

Muzzy, F. H G59 

A 571 


. \V. S 672 

E. .. 354 

. G. H 355 

Jl, L 883 

Neel, S. R 137 

in, A 266 

on; R 

on, T. F 673 

Neuber, A. F 139 

inier, E 140 

il. F. M 524 

Newell, G. H 106 

Newell, H. J 268 

Xcwll, M. A : 4n7 

i an, J. M 338 

Newman, R. L 140 

Nichols. M 142 

Xii-kerson, H. G 114 

Niekerson, 0. K 269 

Nicol, F 882 

Nietfeldt. H 885 

Nihart. F. L 143 

Niland, W 886 

Nisbet, A 411 

Noble, E. R 

Noble, F. F 27o 

Noble, J. M 579 

Noble, W. P 'M 

Noble, Z. T 5il!i 

Norton, E. D 4o9 

Norwood, C. C 408 

Nottingham, W. W 272 

Nowlin, D. C - .. 866 

Nylen, C. W 410 

O'Brien, J 886 

O'Brien, J. D 144 

O'Donnell, W. H 887 

O'Flynn. T. D 412 

O'Neal. C 38 

Olsen. P 827 

Packard. W. H 889 

Padget, J. W 270 

Padgett, W. H 890 

Pahlow, R 891 

Painter, J. R 672 

Palmer, C. C 271 

Pardee. G. B 275 

Parks, S. C 732 

Partridge, C. E 145 

Patten, J. 1 582 

Patzold. 0. A 148 

Paul, H. R 4 SI 

Paulson, P 432 

Paxton, G. E 433 

Payton, J. W 892 

Pearce, W. H 894 

Peay, W. W 676 

Pease, W. D 433 

Pearson, J 147 

Perdue, E 148 

Perkins, B. F 43 

Perkins, H. L., Sr 

Perkins, H. L., Jr 

Perry, H 437 

Peters, E. E 150 

Peterson, G. H SOS 

Petersen. H 897 


Petty, J 4:ls 

. C,. F 441 

3, S. E 1:71; 

Phillips. A. \V !:;: 

Phillips. .1. B 4:::i 

Phillips Bros 139 

Plckett, \V. D 897 

:. W i.-.n 

Pollard. C. A u:: 

Pollock, (I. x l.-.i 

. <>y. R. R 273 

1'orath, F 277 

Porter, A 895 

! on- i. (',. Al 899 

Porter, W. I |>:>I 

Potter, C. \ 4.1s 

Pmvll, C, 153 


rs, T. G 900 

ey, J 153 

Preator. R. I. 676 

J 902 

. J 152 

Putnam, A. L 442 

Quealy, P. J 

Rae, R 

Ragan, A. E !io3 

Ralston, W. H i;,7 

Ralli. P. A 904 

Rath, R. E 678 

Rathbun, D. B 154 

Rawhouser, R 905 

Reals, C. A [43 

it (liiian, c 

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Keel. Mrs. S. E 27* 

Reese, D. H 27:< 

Reid, C n-l 

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olds, \V. .\1 7:;s 

lt>n in, \V. H 280 

aice, C 155 

Richards, DeP 19 

Richards, J. DeF 145 

Richardson, A 

Richardson, J. B 156 

Hideout, E. N :m7 

C. F Mi7 

Him r, .1. A 26 

Ilipley. A. L 908 

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on, u. n 911 

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Rowlands, Mrs. K :'H3 

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Itiisscll, C,. H 914 

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Rutherford, A l.'.s 


Rutledge, T. J 

Ryan, .) 910 

itt, .1. 11 411 

Sackett, Mrs, U. A in 

Safely, G 41?, 

lie, F 770 

Salmela. J 916 

i cock, H. A 415 

Sandrivock, T. B 

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:i. Eli 2M 

.i, Mrs. M. H 284 

1 ining, F ' 

uniaker, C 911 

Schuneiiian. .1. \V 416 

Scott, (I. \V 

Si-oit, N. H 585 

Scully, D. T 684 

Seaman, J > M 

Senff, F. L 735 

Senff. Mrs. P 736 

Si i! - -Aii -k, J 589 

Ilia er, P. \V n;n 

Shaw, C. E 'MI 

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in. J. I-I !i21 

.ml. P. A 163 

Sherlock, J 588 

Shi flock, P. R 588 

Sill, \V. L 161 

Simmon i, A 163 

Simmons, Mrs. E. L 164 


Simpson, J. P '.r_>2 

;on, J. S L'N.", 

A". L I;M; 

Sims, ,T ' irjii 

Slack, E. A 2211 

Slaughter, J. R L66 

Sliney, G. M 7i; 

Small. S. C 

Smallpy, E. J 41 1; 

Smiley, E. !: 2:1 

Smith, A H;.~. 

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Smith, II 287 

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Smith S ils'.i 

Smith. It 2^7 

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i, W. .1 927 

Smyth, (J. .1 417 

Sneddon, T 

Snow, G. W 4l;i 

J. T 2!>2 

Solliday, \V. H 172 

Soclergreen, C. F 171 

S< i, II. J 928 

i, W L75 

Spencer, G. W .- 17:: 

Spem - . .1. C 174 

Spinner. B i;:i_- 

Spinntr, K 173 


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A. A 590 


Stitzer. F. A 30 

Stoll, G 

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.;. F. W 526 

Strong. .1. 10 176 

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Sutherland. A 

Sutherland. (',. A 698 

Sattou. 10 176 

Swan. L. J 528 


Sv.anson. C 179 



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Tait. R 122 

r. C. B 42:: 

lor, H. J. B 



tier, .1. 1).. ,lr 


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WicUmire, B. F 599 

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wiide, A ::; ; '-,- 

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Wilkinson, A 258 

Wilkinson, J ~>-\ 

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Willey, J. \v .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' '.' .' 428 

Williams, A gi"o 

\\'illiams, F. O . 593 

Williams, F. M 705 

Williams, H. H ' '134 


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\\"illianis. W. R -,,^ 

Willson Bn 188 

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Wood. N. D 818 

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Wright, .1. Al .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 958 

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Wyman, W. H 186 

Wymer, J. A '.'.'..' '. 9 

Vomit. H. S .' 7ii 

Yensen. S.- 71;; 

Youmans, H. M '.'.'.'.'.'. 306 

Young. E 60 2 

Y ung, J 305 

Young, W. O gel 

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Zummaek, C 153 

Allan, R. P 57g 

Ayres, A. W ,, .,, 

Borner, J. G " 53g 

Bpeman. N , 

Bresnahen, L. R _ 322 

Bramel, C. W ' ](";o 

Bucknum, C. K... C'IM 

Carroll. W. P ' ' '. ,';., 

Carter. Judge W. A '.'.'.'.'. ' ,, 

Clemmons, C. P 439 

Cody, W. P 82 

Deming W. C '466 

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Edwards, Chas. H. .. 674 

Ferris - G 575 

Piero, John G 38g 

Gramm. Otto ' 66 

Grimmett. 379 

Gross, Chas. J $34 

Hansen, H. . . . 610 

Held. H .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 232 

Held, Mrs. Henry 

Iden, Mrs. Alice ;, i 'j 

Iclen, S. A ' 514 

Kime, Jas gg 2 

Leifer, Otto. . .' 17 g 

Luce, \Y. w '" ' | 450 

Luce, Mrs. W. W '.'.'.'. 450 

Luman, Abner 194 

Maghee, Thomas G .'.'.'.'. 1'1 M 

Mass, Philip J^,; 

McCoy, John L 400 

Mondell. F. W .' ' ' .' "' .' ,;;," 

Moslandei-. Charles 

Murphy, M 

e, E :....'.'.' .' 354 

Newman. J. M 335 

Noble. W. P 434 

Nowlin, D. C 866 

Quealy. P. J [\ 6 54 

Reynolds. Win 735 

Richards, DeF 19 

Roberson. C. F 418 

Sliney, Geo. M . .. .706 

Smith, A. W .' 242 

Summers, Wm. M 642 

Tibbets, Geo. W .' 754 

Warren. F. E ' 226 

Wilkinson, Anthony ' 258 

Wilkinson, John 074 

Wood, L '.'.'.'.'. v.M 

Mrs. M. J 594 

Youmans, H. M . 306 





When 'in April 28, 1903, the tolling hells in- 
dicated the departure from its mortal tenement 
of the ethereal essence "f the late Gov. Del-' 
Richards, a great commonwealth was enshrouded 
in gloom. A threat man had passed from earth. 
Tlie chid' executive of a vigorous, important and 
progressive slate had no longer anything to do 
with the stirring activities in which he for SO 
i period had home a most conspicuous part, 
and the mighty commonwealth felt crushed and 
paralyzed under the loss of one of its most ar- 
dent champions and strongest friends. All over 
the In-.. ad land th. inlands upon thousands of peo- 
ple f,-lt a personal anguish, not only in the loss 
... the governor of the state, hut from the thought 
that one of the strongest and truest personal 
friends iif the people of the who!.- State had 
i. that his loving words of welcome 
would no more givii them, that his simnv smile 
would never again heam on them, that his earn 
ndeavors would never again hattle for the 
piople's cause. Xew Kngland has contributed 
many notahle men to the C'.nntn \\est of the Mis 
sissjppi River. The' stnrd\ spirit which re 
Xew K'lgland from the \\ilderness and the sav- 
age, and made it the cradle of civih/ation on the 

western hemisphere, lias to a large extent built 
up the stati lie new West. The most ener- 

getic and adventurous of the sons of Xev\ Kug- 
land, having in their veins the hlooil of cen- 
turies of 1'nrilan ancestry, have left the hillsides 
of their native Kast and have come to the rolling 
plains of tin- \\e-t. hearing with them the 
trolling spirit of free institutions which was 

dit over hy the Pilgrims in the .Ma\ll 
They have planted here in the outposts of civ- 
ilization the seeds of full freedom, have heaten 
hack savagery and laid the foundations of j 
and (prosperous states. A line t\ pe of the stalwart 
sons of Xew Kngland who have written so large 
a page, not onl\ in the hi \merica, hut 

.ii die world, was lion. IVKorest Richards. 
governor of \\ \..ining. \'o man in the state was 

r to the hearts of the people and no man 
In n. r deserved th. lion and respect, 

ernor Richards was a large man. phvsicalh 
mentally, and he possessed all the sterling traits 
if characti r * >t .< \( >ng line < 'f the besl New Kug- 
land ancestry. \ native of ( 'harlest, ivvn. X. 11.. 
where he was horn mi \ugiist i ,. i S ( o. his aii- 
cestors have borne an honored and prominent 

ni the business .m.l public life of Xew ! 
land for man 1 ii >ns. The original A; 

Can emigrants of the Richards family arrived at 



id, Mas.-., in H>,i<>. only irn years after 
the historic landing <>f the Pilgrim fathers at 
Ph mouth and his maternal ancestors, of the well- 
known Jarvis family, came to the Massachusetts 
I'.ay o I :. .ihout 1640. No history of Xe\v Eng- 
land can be written without frequent reference 
merits of members of these two farn- 
ilic-- during early Colonial times or during the 
sti irniy ]>eriod culminating in the Revolution. 
The great-grandfather of Governor Richards, Dr. 
Charles Jarvis, was an intimate friend and close 
political associate of Samuel Adams, John Han- 
cock, John Adams and Gen. Joseph Warren, and 
of others whose achievements are a noble part 
of the story of mankind's struggle for liberty. 
In the contest with the tyranny of King George, 
the ancestors of Governor Richards were prom- 
inent among those who bore the heat and burden 
of that momentous day and won immortal fame 
in the patriotic service they rendered to man- 
kind. The maternal grandfather of Governor 
Richards, William Jarvis, a son of Dr. Charles 
Jarvis, was one of the leading men of Massa- 
chusetts for many years, being appointed by 
President Jefferson in 1802 as consul to the city 
of Lisbon, Portugal, and acting charge d'affaires 
to that kingdom. A man of progressive ideas, 
always planning to benefit his own country and 
the industries of her people, it was entirely 
through his efforts that the first Merino sheep 
were brought to America from Spain. This 
great service to the sheep and woolgrowing in- 
dustries of the nation has been fittingly recog- 
nized and acknowledged in the reports of the 
agricultural department of the government. In 
the report of 1892 occurs this statement : "Con- 
sul Jarvis was successful in his efforts to amelio- 
rate the trouble to which our shipping was sub- 
jected, so that at the commencement of the 
Peninsular War he secured the immense neutral 
trade of the armies engaged in that conflict. It 
was fortunate also that he possessed a mind com- 
prehensive enough to see the great advantage to 
his country of the acquisition of the Merino 
sheep, and the energy of character necessary to 
secure them. There can be no question that his 
example in securing some of the best sheep in 

Spain, not .inly for himself, but for others, was 
a great incentive to the trade in them that im- 
mediately followed, by which so manv thousand 
sheep were transferred to this country to increase 
her wealth and encourage her manufactures of 
fine woolen goods." The father of Governor 
Richards was J. DeForest Richards, a Congrega- 
tional minister and one of the leading educators 
of the l.'nited States. In later life he was the 
president of the Ohio Female Seminary, at Col- 
lege -Hill, Ohio, and afterward president of the 
Alabama State University at Tuscaloosa. The 
Governor's mother, whose maiden name was 
Harriet Bartlett Jarvis, is still living at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-three years and is a woman 
of strong character, whose faculties are as clear 
as in her younger days. During his early life, 
his parents removed from Charlestown to Weath- 
ersfield, Vt. This place is situated on the Con- 
necticut River, just below the old town of Wind- 
sor, where in 17/7, the independence of Ver- 
mont, then known as the New Hampshire Grant, 
was originally declared. Young Richards early 
entered the Kimball Union Academy, at Meriden, 
N. H., where he pursued a thorough course of 
study and was graduated with distinction, later 
becoming for one year a student of the well- 
known Phillips Andover Academy of Massa- 
chusetts. In youth he gave promise of the strong 
and manly character he became in later years. 
Thorough in his studies and devoted to his 
books, he was yet first in all manly sports, ex- 
celling both in the classroom and on the campus. 
Even when a lad he was noted as an athlete and 
his devotion to outdoor sports laid the founda- 
tion of the vigorous health he enjoyed up to 
recent years. At the close of the Civil War, in 
1865, he accompanied his father to Alabama, 
where on the father's plantation in Wilcox county 
he engaged in raising cotton. After getting the 
enterprise fairly started, the father left the plan- 
tation in full charge of his son and returned to 
his northern home. For three years young Rich- 
ards ably conducted the plantation, with varying 
success. The father in the meantime had re- 
turned to Alabama, and was at the head of the 
State University for several years, dyirr ,, howev- 



er. at Mobile in iS-j. Hi- estate was found t<> 
be so badly involved that llu-rc was practically 
nothing left for the heirs, hi 1867, jusl 

.itained his majority, DeForest Uicliards was 

-d a member of the first state legislature of 
Alabama under reconstruction. In iSnS lie was 
the sheriff of \\'ilc x county, and served as such 
f in r years, lie was then elected ci unity treas- 
urer and served two trnns in that capacity. He 
then retired from politics and engaged in the 
3 tannery, in which he became heav- 
ily involved in debt through no fault of his own. 
\\ iili his sterling honest] he determined to meet 
In- obligations in full, resolnteK set about a re- 
organi/ation of his bn-iiu ss and after working 
day and night at the shoemaker's bench for two 
enabled to pay his debts in full and 
have Si, 500 as a capital with which he en- 
in merchandising at Camdcii, Ala., where by his 
indtistry, [)er.-everance and good judgment he 
built up a large and profitable trade. In 1885 he 
nove his residence ti> Nebraska and 

IOUS tn his leaving Camden, the mayor and 
city council of that place tendered him a ban- 
quet, at which they presented him with a marble 
suititetti , suitably engraved, with expressions of 
their n-grt-t at his departure and good wishes 
Eor his future welfare. I'pon coming to Nebras- 
ka, he established himself in both merchandising 
anil banking at ('hadnm. and in 1886, he organ- 
i/ed the First National Hank of Douglas. Wyo. 
'. lected president of tbc latter institution, 

position which he held until ]\\- death. Sub- 

eiitly he was elei b urer of die ci unity 

of Dawes, Neb., and upon the expiration of his 

of that office, he removed to Douglas, 
uliriv he has since made his home. Governor 

Richards became largely nth-rested in extensive 
livestock :i" ; ! mercantile operations at Douglas, 
nnd \\as die owner of mercantile < -lablishments 
isper also and other points in northern 
\\'\ i lining. He was the p of the Matte 

Vallex Sheep < ompanv and of ihe Lander 
Transportation Co., \\hieh conducts ver) i 
sive fiviglitmg and transportation. emplo\iiu 
eial bundred teams and a large number of men. 
and during \",n\ handled over six million pounds 

of wool. Fi ' rious financial enter- 

fortune came to him in no unstinted i 
nre. Governor Richards \ - a stanch ad- 

lierent of the Republican party, one of the ablest 
and most trusted of its leaders in the 

stale-. lie W3.S a mOSl ell H unpii HI of 

Republicanism in both -> Na- 

tion, i in the advoi .rable 

measures calculaied to pro - tl re of 

that political organization. During his 
in \\"yoming. Governor Richards held many posi- 
tions of honor and trust, lie was the may 
Douglas for one term, from 1891 to 1894 he 
was the comn fficer of the State National 

Guard, be was a member of the convention that 
framed the constitution of the state, anil a mem- 
ber of the State Senate in 1892 and 1893. In 
1898. he was first nominated and elected governor 
of Wyoming, this term of his exalted office ex- 
piring on iiu -first Mon,la\ of January, 1903. At 
the time of his lamented death be was sei 
in his second term of office as governor, having 
been ember, H)02. In 1871. Gov- 

ernor Richards was united in marriage at Engle- 
wood, X. J.. with Miss Klisc J. Ingcrsoll, a na- 
tive of Alabama. \\ho is ,,f Puritan and Hugue- 
not descent, her father having been born in 
field. Mass., a member of the famous Xew Kng- 
land family of the name, and her mother I 
a representative of a distinguished llugiu-noi fam- 
ily of the Carolinas. She received her educa- 
tion at ( "amden l-Ymale Institui- 
selecl educational institutions of the sou 
children were born of this n 
The son, I. DeFon i Richards, resides at I ' 
las. Wyo., the vi lenl of the First Xa- 

tional I'.ank. The daughter is married and re- 
sides iii ('alifonf nior Richards \\ .- 
honored member of the M -;ity. He 
was worshipful master of the Mas 

ir not or"i i red upon 

them man in that state. In \Y\oming be 
has Mid master of the I irand I 

and belonged to ' nsisl 

ory of Scottish Rite .md to that Ma- 

sonic club, the Mystic Slirine. His funeral ser- 

, eoiiducted hv the Masonic fraternil v. 


the nu ist impressive ever held in 'Wyoming. lict- 
ter than any words of ours, the utterances (if those 
Wyoming people who h;ive known the late Gover- 
nor long and well, will portray his nature, charac- 
ter and the position he occupied in public and pri- 
vate 1 life and in the hearts of the people. The 
Cheyenne Tribune voices public sentiment in the words: "Governor Richards is gone. 
This great man, who has done so much for Wyo- 
ming, has passed beyond, yet how truly it can 
be said : 'His works will follow him.' The loss 
to the state of a man of such sterling worth is 
indeed a public calamity. That loving hand which 
was ever extended to aid the deserving is for- 
ever helpless, yet how sweet will be the remem- 
brance of those who have been blessed by that 
hand with deeds prompted by the noblest of 
hearts. In the death of Governor Richards Wyo- 
ming has lost one of its most ardent champions. 
Not only within its borders have his good words, 
deeds and influence been felt, but in his travels, 
which have been of wide scope, the state of which 
he was chief executive was ever brought to 
the front ; and how unselfishly he performed his 
good work, spending his time and money in trav- 
ersing the country to tell the people of its great 
resources and advantages. He loved success, and 
what an example of success his life has been. 
Beginning in a humble way, he fought life's bat- 
tles manfully, and how beautifully he has shown 
to the world what crowning there is in honest, 
steadfast, noble effort, backed by unswerving 
character. As a friend Governor Richards was 
loyal, ever. No truer friend ever lived. One of 
the gems in his -lovable character was his loyalty 
to his friends against all possible influences. This 
is one of the grandest tests of manhood. All 
hearts are sad, very sad, today." The following 
was written by an individual fully competent to 
justly estimate the life, services and character 
of the distinguished gentleman who so courteous- 
ly and ably filled every station in life to which 
he was called, domestic, civic, social, state or 
national : "The state mourns. Death has re- 
moved its chief executive, but the grief, which is 
felt as keenly in the remotest hamlet as in the 
capital city, springs not so much from the ti- 

dings that the Governor is dead as from the real- 
ization that DeForest Richards is no more. The 
people's grief is that of friends for a friend, to 
those who knew him the greatness of this man 
as director of the commonwealth palls before the 
nobility of his life as a private citizen ; in the 
hour of his soul's departure we grieve for DeFor- 
est Richards, who honored, was not honored, by 
the title of chief executive. Death has taken 
him away, but the memory of his beautiful char- 
acter can not die. As governor he was a states- 
man, a rare combination, but his character as a 
man was rarer still ; he was one of the few of 
each generation who love, and are loved, by all 
mankind. Death came to him softly while his 
devoted wife and daughter were at his side. His 
son, himself sick in a city a thousand miles away, 
was unable to be present." 


This honored gentleman, who fills with dis- 
tinction the high office of secretary of state of 
Wyoming, and by reason of the lamented death 
of Governor Richards is now the acting gover- 
nor, is a typical representative of the choicest 
element of New England manhood, although not 
of New England birth. He comes of an old 
Vermont family, the lineage of which goes back 
to an early period of that commonwealth. He in- 
herits in a marked degree the sterling mental 
characteristics for which his ancestors were long 
noted. Rev. Germon Chatterton, the father, 
was a native of the Green Mountain state and 
for many years filled' the chair of literature in 
Middlebury College. Later, in Oswego, N. Y., 
he practiced law for some years, subsequently 
retiring from that profession for the purpose of 
pursuing the theological course in the Auburn 
Theological Seminary, one of the leading Pres- 
byterian educational institutions of America. He 
became an able and scholarly divine, filled a 
number of prominent pulpits and earned an en- 
viable reputation as a leader of religious thought 
in his denomination. A man of wide culture and 
varied attainments, he impressed his personality 
on every community in which he lived, winning 


a permanent place in religit >ns. educational and 
professional circles. After a long and useful ca- 
reer, he resigned his pi"' >i'ess, >rship, relinquished 
ministerial labors and is now living a life of 
IK in. Teil retirement in the state of Xe\v York. 
Leverel Chatterton, the paternal grandfather ol 
ihe niie of whom we now write, was burn in Rut- 
land coiintv. Vt., and passed all his life within 
tin- confines of his native state, lie served with 
distinction in the War of iSi_> and lived to a 
ripe old age, dying in 1874. Ama Mazumon, 
wife of Ccrmon ChaUcrton and mother of the 
Hon. Fenimore Chatterton. was also of Vermont 
birth and died in 1867. Fcnimorc Chatterton 
was born in the city of ( Iswego, X. Y.. on July 
21. 1860. "When he was but a young child his 
parents moved to Washington. 1'. C., in which 
city he spent the years of his childhood and 
youth and also received his preliminary discip- 
line in ihe schools of the national capital. The 
training thus acquired was supplemented by a 
full course in Columbiana college, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated with an houorabK 
ncord as a student. Finishing his intellect u:d 
education. Mr. ('hatterton took up the study of 
law in Washing!* ui. I). C.. but was not admit- 
ted to the bar until some years later, breaking 
oil' his professional research in 187* foi- the pur- 
pose of seeking his fortune in the West. Tn that 
\car he came to Wyoming and accepted a clerk- 
ship in the poststore at Ft. Steele. in which capac- 
ity he continued until purchasing the stock and 
becoming sole proprietor some time later. He 
conducted the business with encouraging finan- 
cial results until 1888. when he disposed of ilu 
, i iblishmenl ti < < nter upon his duties as pro 
bate judge and treasurer of Carbon county, to 
\\ hull , iffices In was elected in the fall of thai 
year. Mr. Chatlcrton discharged his dual func- 
tions until [890, when he resigned both positions 
and took his -eiiaior in the first session 

of the State Senate. II. served \\ith credit in 
tint body, was a careful and conservative mem- 
ber and his name was associated with the im- 
portant committees, rendering much valua-blc 
ice to his o nsiitneiits and to the state. I h- 
si rvcd three terms in the Senate and his 

as a lawmaker fully met the high cxpectai 
of the people, who honon <1 him with this sig- 
nal mark of their o mfidence and favor. Actr. 
by a laudable desire to strengthen and enlarge 
his legal knowledge, Mr. Chatterton in 180,2 en- 
ured the law department of Michigan Univer- 
sity, from which he was graduated the following 
year. Meantime he had been admitted to 
bar and. opening an office at Rawlins, he soon 
\\on a respectable standing among the successful 
practitioners of Carbon county. Shortly after 
his election as secretary of state he associated 
with himself L. E. Armstrong in this legal prac- 
tice and the partnership thus constituted still ex- 
ists, and it is needless to say that this firm i 
high rank at the bar of the state. It is not mere 
partisan praise or adulation, nor is it ovi 
timation. to say that Mr. Chatterton is at the 
present time one of the most scholarly and best- 
equipped barristers of the bar where he practices. 
As a lawyer, he is sound, clear-minded and well- 
disciplined, intellectnalh and professionally. The 
limitations which are imposed by Federal i 
ers are well understood by him. With the long 
line of decision's tnun Marshall down to Fuller. 
b\ which the constitutions ha\ pounded, 

he is familiar as are all thoroughly skilled law- 
yers. He is at home in all the departments of the 
law. from the minutiae of general practi. 
the greater topics, wherein are involved consid- 
eration of the ethics and philosoplu of jurispru- 
dence and the higher concerns of public p 
I'.nt he i- not learned in the la\\ alone, for he 
has studied long and carefully the subjects that 
an to the man the g reatest im- 

port, ihi- questii in of fi tance and p 
omy. in which he has kept abreast of the besl 
thinking men of the state. In th. incut 

of cases he is actuated by the best interest of his 
client, being feliciioii ar in statenu 

legal principles inv.ilvcd. forcible and thoroughly 
earnesl in argnnunt. full of vigor of coin: 
never abusive of adversaries; al\\a\s imbued 
with \ei a foe worthy the 

steel of ihi ahl< -I < ippi men). From I Si i | to 1 S' >' ' 
Mr. Chatterton served as count, attorney and 
in iSiiS WES elected by the Republican |rirt\ of 


ining to the high office he now holds, sec- 
ivtary of state. His previous intellectual discip- 

in one of the most noted educational insti- 
tutions in the land, and his training in the intri- 

- of the la\v, both, combined with a natural 
aptitv undertaking-; requiring abilities 

of a high order, ha\e iniiiliarly fitted Mr. 
Chatterton for the very important station with 
which his fellow citizens have so honored 
him. His administration of the office has 
demonstrated the wisdom of his election and 
it is safe to affirm that the state has never had 
a more capable, obliging or popular public ser- 
vant. For some years past Mr. Chatterton, with 
others, has been largely interested in the min- 
ing industry. He was instrumental in organiz- 
ing what is now known as the Kurtz & Chatter- 
ton mine in the Grand Encampment district and 
about 1900 he organized the Kurtz and Chat- 
terton Mining Co., and erected works for the de- 
velopment of a large area of valuable mineral 
property. He has also interests in various other 
mining enterprises and has become one of the 
leaders of that industry in Carbon county and 
elsewhere. In politics Mr. Chatterton yields an 
unwavering allegiance to the Republican party 
and has served as chairman of the central com- 
mittee of his county at different times. He is 
public spirited in all which the term implies and 
has done much to advance the material and in- 
dustrial interests of both his county and state. 
All enterprises having for their object the intellec- 
tual and moral good of the body politic find in 
him a zealous friend and a liberal patron and he 
keeps in close touch with the trend of thought 
fin all the great questions of the day, national 
and international. In a fraternal way he has 
advanced to high degrees in the ancient and noble 
order of Freemasonry, having attained the Thir- 
ty-second degree of the Scottish Rite. From 
1894 to 1896 he was the grand master of the 
Grand Lodge of Wyoming, in addition to which 
exalted position he served as potentate of the 
Mystic Shrine and as deputy grand commander 
of the Grand Commandery of Wyoming: Mr. 
Chatterton's fidelity to the high duties of citi- 
zenship has been signally manifested in every re- 

lation of life in which he has been placed. His 
is a broad meiiialiiv, his a strong, loyal, and sym- 
pathetic nature, and his aim ha^ been unmistak- 
ably to live as nearly to his possibilities and 
ideals as has been in his power to do, both in 
private and public life. Such men deserve much 
more than a modicum of respect and honor, and 
that these have not been denied to Mr. Chatter- 
ton is evident to one who has marked even in a 
cursory way the leading facts in this brief record. 


Hon. John W. Lacey, ex-chief justice of 
Wyoming and for a number of years a distin- 
guished lawyer of the Cheyenne bar, was born 
in Randolph county, Indiana, on October 13, 
1848, the son of Rev. Henry J. and Elizabeth 
(Thompson) Lacey, the father being a noted 
Methodist divine who passed a long and eminent- 
ly useful ministerial life in the Hoosier state 
and is now living in a superannuated relation in 
the county of Randolph. William Lacey. father 
of Henry J., was a native of Georgia, but in an 
early day he moved to Wayne county, Ind., 
where he passed the greater part of his life, dy- 
ing there a number of years ago. The Judge 
is one of a family of four sons and three daugh- 

. ' if wh' :m three of the sons are living. In 
his youth he enjoyed such educational privilrges 
as were afforded by the public schools of the 
different places where his father was station <!. 
but, being of a studious nature and a great lover 
of knowledge, he determined to prosecute his in- 
tellectual researches under more favorable condi- 
tions. Accordingly he entered De Pauw Uni- 
versity at Greencastle, Ind., where he made a 
creditable record as a student, completing the 
prescribed course in 1871. After graduating 
Mr. Lacey turned "his attention to teaching, but 
a limited experience in that calling induced him 
to choose some other profession for his lifework. 
Having early manifested a decided taste for the 
law he began preparing for the legal profession 
by a course of preliminary reading under the 
direction of Isaac Van Devanter, of Marion. Ind., 
whose office he entered in 1875 and with whom 


he continued his studies until his 
the bar the following year. Prior to 1875 he 
t inten als in the office i >f \\'illi;uii 
of Xoblcsvillc, lint his most substantial 
progress was made in the later period. I 

gan legal praetiee at Marion, Intl., and 
> ''lose application and conscientious fidelity to 
nterests of his clients soon won a conspic- 
uous |)lace among the successful lawyers of the 
inty bar. For ability, as well as for suc- 
:"'il effort, he wa> excel in 1 by few of his 
professional brethren, as the large annumi of 
which came to him attested, lie con- 
tinned at Marion with a constantly incre 
clientele until 1884, when President Arthur ap- 
pointed him chief justice of Wyoming, in which 
high office he served with eminent ability until 
the latter part of 1886. In November of that 
i.ed his office and resumed the prac- 
tice of law at Cheyenne, efi'i cting a copartnership 
with \V. \Y. Corlett and Judge Riner under the 
firm name of Corlett, Lacey & Riner, which as- 
sociation lasted until the death of Mr. Corlett 
four year> later. Messrs. Lacey and Riner con- 
tinued to practice as partners until the latter's 
intnient to the district judgeship in 1890, af- 
ter which Judge Lacey was alone until he be- 
came associated with Mr. Van Devanter, tlu 
firm of Lacey & Van Devanlcr laMiiiv, to the 
m time. Judge Lacc\ has ever been a close 
Studenl of his profession and his management 
of a case at once demonstrates Ins c-'rcful and 
pai ki ''reparation and his thorough mas- 
tery of the situation, ! '1 -grounded in the 
underlying principles of jurisprudenci and 
ing the ability ami tacl to apply his tht 

ledge to prat-tic',, be is quick to notice 
eak pi linl in the argum< nt i >\ an < >pp< ineni 
- with aviditv < \ er) detail and its i 
. In iwever, 1> 

M ir an instanl of 1 -riant pi lint 3 upi >n 

, : I'mallv turns, 
vhetids with little or no effi irl 
lion anil dcpendci < gr iups ' ' 

;'ile him lo il 'inbincd fi 

]ioint they lend |i . pro\ e. Ju<! L 

.f the i ' ' chief 

ce and his record while in t' not 

added to his reputan an able jurist, 

him distinctive prestige with the bar 
itighout the state. At the present time the 
firm of \\hicli he is a member has a practice of 
and wide scope, his name ap- 
pearing in connection with nearly every hnpor- 
in the courts of Laramie county. He 
is frequently retained as counsel in cases of 
large moment in other parts of Wyoming, his 
fame as a scholarly and erudite lawyer i 

n in every county of the state. In addition 
to his professional and judicial career Judge 
Lacey has a military record, having served as a 
soldier during the latter years of the Civil War. 
He first enlisted in i Si ,.;. -oining Co. F. One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-seventh Indiana Infantry, but 
did not long remain with that command, being 
mustered out before the expiration of the year. 
In 1864 he enlisted in Co. B, One Hundred and 
Fifty-second Indiana Infantry, with which he 
ed until the close of the war. mciit 

principally doing guard duty in various parts 

irginia. Turning to the domestic pag. 
the story of Judge Lacey's life we find that he 
was happily married at Marion, [nd., in 1878 
with Miss Elizabeth Van Devanter. a native of 
i bat state and a daughter of his former precep- 
tor in the law, Isaac Van Devanter. and of their 
felicitous union six children havt t>i 
Herbert \ .. Walter M.. Ruth. Elizabeth, I 
and Margaret. Tn politics Judge Lacey has 
always been a pr , d Republican, e; 1 : 

and unwavering in the support of his poll 
1 1 mvictii ins. A poti ntial factor in loi ll 
state affairs, be has contributed much to his par- 

UCCi 3 ' ad\ isor. plain 

>rker in the ranks. 1 

prominent in the Ma -> mic Fraternil . ha 
(lie Thirty-second di 

to the commandery. 
'! be Judge is ,i public spirit 
interested in eA er) thin- pertaining ' the 
fare of his , . n a 

r in inangni 

nl completion various public improvements. 
His life has been ; l 
and Wyominj 
him in mam line 




In mi profession is there a career more open 
In talent than in that <>!' the law and in no field 
of endeavor is there demanded a more careful 
appreciation of the ethics of life or of the un- 
derlying principles which form the basis of all 
human rights and privileges. Unflagging appli- 
cation, an intuitive wisdom and a determination 
to utilize fully the means at hand are the neces- 
sary concomitants which insure personal success 
and prestige in this great profession, which stands 

as the stern conservator of justice, and into it 
none should enter without a recognition of the 
obstacles to be overcome and the battles to be 
won, for success does not attend all persons who 
enter the competitive fray, but comes only as the 
sequel of capacity and unmistakable ability. The 
subject of this review is one who has won dis- 
tinctive precedence in the legal profession and 
whose abilities and attainments have placed 
him in some of the most distinguished official 
positions within the gift of the state. Hon. John 
A. Riner, a son of John and Mary (White) 
Riner, was born in Preble county, Ohio, in 
1850. The father, a millwright by trade, was 
also a native of Ohio, but left that state in 1868, 
emigrating to Butler county. Iowa, where he 
passed the remainder of his life, clyL-ig in 1899. 
His father, whose name was also John, was born 
in Virginia but moved to Ohio in an early day. 
being one of the pioneers of Preble county. 
Mrs. Mary Riner, the mother, was of New Eng- 
land birth and when young she was brought 
from her native state of Vermont to Preble 
county, Ohio, where she grew to maturity, mar- 
ried and reared a part of her family, thence re- 
moving to Iowa where she departed this life about 
1897. The youthful life and discipline of Judge 
Riner was similar to that of the average boy 
reared in country or town. He assisted his par- 
ents as long as he remained at home and attended 
the public schools, in which was laid the foun- 
dation of the broad and liberal intellectual cul- 

- ture which he gained in later years. He con- 
tinued to be thus employed until attaining the 
age of young manhood, when his quickened am- 

bition prompted him to select for a lifework the 
profession in which so ninny of the world's great- 
est men have achieved distinction. After a pre- 
liminary course of reading of legal textbooks, 
Mr. Riner entered the law department of the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1879, 
the same year beginning the legal practice in 
Cheyenne, Wyoming. Inheriting a decisive and 
reliant nature, it was not long until he forged 
to the front and built up a remunerative busi- 
ness. In 1881 he was elected city attorney, the 
duties of which he discharged satisfactorily to 
all concerned until the expiration of his term, 
meanwhile attending closely to his constantly 
growing private practice. When it became ne- 
ivssury to fill the office of U. S. district attor- 
ney for Wyoming, Mr. Riner was one whose 
talents and success caused him to be prominentlv 
mentioned as in every way fitted for the position. 
Accordingly in 1884 he was appointed to the 
place and immediately entered upon the dis- 
charge of his official functions. He acted in 
that capacity for one year and in 1886 was 
elected by the Republican party to the upper 
house of the General Assembly, where he made 
an honorable record as an able and discreet legis- 
lator. He introduced a number of important 
bills which, becoming laws, had a decided bear- 
ing in promoting the interests of the state in 
many ways, and he also served as president of 
the body during the session. He labored faith- 
fully for the welfare of the people, for with him 
patriotism has always been above party and loy- 
alty to his constituents paramount to every other 
consideration. Retiring from the legislature. 
Judge Riner resumed his practice, which in vol- 
ume, scope and importance at that time was sec- 
ond to none in the state. Ever a forceful factor 
in public affairs, he was elected in 1889 a mem- 
ber of the constitutional convention, in the delib- 
erations of which he took a deep interest and act- 
ive part, serving on the judiciary committee, 
where his eminent legal talents were of especial 
value. One year later he was again elected to 
th State Senate, but resigned before the legisla- 
ture convened, in order to accept a place upon the 



I . S. district bunch, to which he was appointed 
01: September 23. 1890. His career on the bj 
more than met the high expectations of hi- 
friends and the public, for he so discharged the 
duties of his high office as to receive the warm 
and hearty approval of the bar and all who had 
business to transact in this court. His rulings 
were fair and characterized by depth oi k-gal 
knowledge, attesting a familiarity with the law, 
while but few of his decisions ever suffered re- 
versal at the hands of the Suprenir ( 'oiirt. The 
Judge was married in 1882. with Miss May Jil- 
lich of Ohio, and they have four children, Ida 
\\.. (iertrude, Dorthra and John A. Fraternally, 
fudge Riner has long been prominent in Ma- 
sonic circles, having risen to the Thirty-second 
degree of the Scottish Rite, being also an active 
worker in the Commanclery. For some years he 
has been affiliated with the Pythian Krother- 
hood in the lodge ot Cheyenne. Judge Riner has 
been associated in the practice of law with va- 
rious prominent and eminent members of the 
( heyenne bar. among them being Judges Potter 
and Lacey and \Y AY. Cork-It, the last named 
dying in 1890. For a period of seven years he 
was an attorney for the I'nioii Pacific Railroad, 
in which capacity he demonstrated abilities of 
a high order, discharging the often eomplu ited 
duties coming within his sphere in such a 
way a- io add to his already firmly established 
repufili . i'i 33 one of the state's leading k gal 
minds. The Judge possesses high intellectuality, 
broad human sympathies and tolerance, and is 
imbued \\ith fun- sensibilities and clearly defined 
principle-. Honor and integrity are synonymous 
\\itli his name and he enjoys the respect, ontli- 
dence and high regard of the people of his adopt 
ed cit\ and state. Hi- eminent success in the 
line of his profession offer- the be-t evideno oi 
his intellectuality and mastery of his chosen call- 
ing. In his political adhcrcncy the Judge has 
been a lifelong Republican. A- a member of the 
state central committee his council and leader- 
ship were effective in promoting harnionv and 
strength and giving the part) a prestige which 
resulted in victory in more than one campaign, 
Mis fame is secure as a patriotic citi/cn. 


Upon the magnificent roll of the foundi 
and builders of the prosperity and existence ol 
the young stale of \\'yoming -land- no more con- 
spicuous or worthy name than that of lion. Jo 
eph M. Carey, whose services to the territory and 
stile have been o| most distinguished order, 
whose prominence and power in public, civic and 
industrial circles have been far-reaching and 
distinctive from early pioneer days until the 
present. It is not our desire to enter into a pro- 
lix encomium upon tin- -terling. symmetrical, 
many-talented man, but to record in plain and 
concise form the statement of bis life to serve 
as memorial and incentive in a Her \ears. as a 
portion of the just history of ('heyenne and the 
state. Senator Care) descended from the old- 
time English family of that name, its residence 
on .American soil, however, dating back to an 
early period in the settlement of the Old Domin- 
ion, where it soon attained position and standing. 
The ancestors of ex-Senator Carey inclined to 
merchandising and agriculture and became mer- 
chants of Delaware, where his grandfather. Jos- 
eph Carey, was born and passed his life in mer- 
cantile and agricultural pursuits. He died in 
1838. The father of th< e\-Senator Carey. Rob- 
ert H. Carey, born iSi I. died iScji. succeeded to 
the merchandising interests of his father and 
conducted successful business in Sussex conntv. 
Del., in which state he also passed hi- life, mar- 
rying there Miss Susan I'. Da\is. burn iSi -. 
iSXi. also a member of an old Colonial family, 
and rearing four sons and two daughters. The 
subject o| tin-, sketch was born on ]anuar\ I o. 
1845, in Sussex county. Del., and here h. 
ceived his early educational training at public 
and private schools. Following these advan- 
tages he bei tm< i -indent at the Fort Hi 1 ,-. 

I \. Y. I I bllegi lie Institute, \\herc lie was titled 
for Cnion College, locate. 1 at Sclu'iectady. X. 
Y., where he was in diligent -lnd\ from iSi>3 
until 18(15. This college made him an hoii' 
chancellor in |S.,| and conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of l.a\\. Me began the tech- 
nical siud\ of the law in the office of i'.cnjamin 


pie in I 'hiladelphia, Pa., thereafter con- 
tinuing instruction inn! lirection of \\". L. 

that city, it of the I ui 

ai [uitl hin eH with 
ing graduated therefrom in 1867. 
lleing thus well fortified and equipped for his 
chi'M 1 !! proiV.ssion, he was in legal prac- 

tice in Philadelphia until 1869. During this pe- 
riod he had an admirable preparation for his sub- 
sequent useful career in \Yyoming, as by active 
practice and attention to a ness matters in Phil- 
adelphia he was well educated for western life. 
When he was a student in the lawyers' offices 
in Philadelphia and after his admission to the 
bar In made ; ih'tical speeches and canvassed 
portions of 1 V'in-vlvania and Xe\v Jersey. In 
May, iS'i. Wyoming was organized as a terri- 
tory. Mr. Carey becoming the first U. S. attor- 
ney for the new territory and he took an active 
Hterest and part in bringing order out of chaos. 

\ as well qualified for the position. He pros- 
ecuted violators of the law in all the counties of 
the new territory. His official labors were dis- 
charged with ease, promptly and always with 
satisfaction to the people and the government he 
represented. In recognition of his ability and 
services, in 1871, when he was less than twenty- 
eight years of age, he was again honored by Pres- 
ident Grant by an appointment as an associate 
justice of the Supreme Court of the territory. 
This office he held until 1876, fidelity to his du-' 
tits and an appreciation of their tv.-ponsibilities 
marking his full term of office. The centen- 
nial year witnessed the retirement of Judge Carey 
from both judicial office and the practice of law, 
his energies thereafter being expanded in the 
development of the state's great industrial enter- 
prises. He was one of the earliest to realize the 

liaustible resources of Wyoming as a stock- 
growing state and he was one of the leaders in 
this field of wealth, in company with his brother. 
R. Davis Carey of Philadephia, in 1871 he en- 
gaged in stock raising, their operations being- 
large and while they were interested in sev- 
eral large companies, among these the Penn 
Cattle Co. and Carey Co., their chief business 

has i" n nducted under tin nami < >f J. M. Ca-. 
re) c.V l!ro.. which linn still has very large live- 
stock interests in \Y\oiuing and the Dakotas. 
The citizens of Cheyenne honored themselves, as 
well as Judge Carey, when in iS<s<> they i-lectcd 
him thi or of their progressive cilv, increas- 

ing this honor in iS8j by his second election to 
the same official station, while in 1882 they 

ned their action by choosing him as mayor 
\\ithont opposition for the third time. In the 

>ralty he inaugurated and carried to com- 
pletion important improvements, constructed 
valuable water and sewer sytems and placed the 
young city casilv at the front of cilus of similar 
size and importance in the Northwest. In 1884 
he was chosen the delegate of the territory to 
the Forty-ninth Congress, serving with such 
clear-sighted statesmanship that he held the of- 
fice by successive reelections through three 
eventful terms, it being his hand that drew up 
and introduced to the favorable consideration of 
Congress the important bill which created the 
state of Wyoming. It is very easy to see that, 
following services of this momentous and ac- 
ceptable character, that, in 1890. at the first ses- 
sion of the state legislature, the distinguished 
delegate of the state should receive still further 
honors in his election as Wyoming's first U. S. 
Senator. In the dignified body of the country's 
leading statesmen Senator Carey 'took his seat 
as to the manor born, discharging the duties in- 
cumbent upon him to the certain welfare of his 
state, dignifying the commonwealth by his con- 
ceded ability and holding the honors of this ex- 
alted position until 1895. His record here is 
surely an enviable one. Among other measures 
of vitnl importance to the great West he intro- 
duced and brought to successful passage the leg- 
islation entitled the Carey Arid Land Law, the 
first existing declaration of Congress upon this 
important question. He also was successful in 
obtaining the necessary legislation under which 
several government buildings were constructed 
ir Wyoming, including the magnificent struc- 
ture in Cheyenne, and in securing the establish- 
ment of four of the goverment land-offices in the 
state. But to recapitulate his accomplishments 


i:i tlu U. S. Senate would In- t<> write a vol 
e it to s; !| here as ' 


of tllr Ljnld 

lard, anil in this ci iid b 


life in Ch< 
state, Senator Carey has ever been an ip 

r. He v ' if tb 

. tii iNS;. ami of this 

lop and ail, 
|i\ tin stat 

the honored president, He was also the 
denl of tlie \Yhe;uland Roller Mill Co. or- 

' 3| r. the \\"heatland Indli-1 
and with dier kindn d enterprises lie has 

ily and usefully 
firm. ]. M. Carey \- Bro., erected the 

in Cheyenne in 1*7''. the Delaware block 
883, the opera house block in iS'jd. 
purchased and rebuilt the Davis block in 
"I he\ have t>oni iS~'"> almost ever ('ear added 
he citv iii the \\ aj <>\ the erection i 

of which the citizens iin- proud. Vs a 
i:i r of the Republican p irl \ tbe Jiukv 
shwn an ' icing 1 er oJ 

live years the chairman nf the 
l\e]iublie , ' nittee, whi 

' i the 

Rijiublicnn X:itiu:d Comniitlee. < >n S 
-'" '^77- J' 1 ' Carried .\li-s 1 

d, a nath \\ [i la daugh- 

, Edward C. and ! >avi<l. nativ 

\i-v lire and i. The fainil 

Cheyenne in i i the 

tl of the V 
territory . Tw> ch : bm-n to i 

id. The ' ild i-- a gradual 

hi cl oi [i iinw 

ted at 

1 at Yale I 'ni- 

ity. \\'e have 'heiv -i\rn -i brief ^vnnpsis 

the iiniisn ill' full 
li fe i if this n ili/eii i o 

inning. His cl 'tis public 

and luisii '.ily indi- 

life it h : the 

mpath ' , binding hii. 

tii ; to his t'.i 

bi 'tii latii nis hi- has stod tinv, 

-t and tm 


( >ne of the leading educator- of the V. 
>ne \vho^. E fu- 

the presi- 

of (he \ 

man of liberal vi I largi humanitarian- 

ism, he is a profound scholar and a line i , \ecn- 

ited to his vvi irk, havinjj the 
Is nf life both in prix-ate place and public 

i n< \nieriean aiio .TC of 

1 i nt, a stock which itrib- 

nli'd so many distinguish' Xmerican 

i ttl.-d tii-si in ;, , ire in 

[727. The familv to, ik an a- 

in public 

i if Xe\v ! ti history am 

activ ts in tin- Revolutionary \\"ar. 

' minute man. and 
the battle of !',ir.;ker Hill. Dnrir-; the late Civil 

- i if the o inlliei . bul the pan til 
ident Smiley were patriotic adherents to the 

\iiL;ust His 

Imirei h, the 

lion leader \\lio was kill 

r I-".. S'' 

dliant future. 



sent to tlir . . it brated < >nonilaga Academy, win-re 
hr pursued a thorough preparatory course of 
sludy. and was graduated as the valedictorian of 
the ela-ss of '79. \t tin- same academy, founded 
a- early a-, 1X1:;. Thurlow Weed and lloraiio 
SeMiloiir received their earl\ education, and 
inany other of its sons have hornc honored part 
in their country's history. After completing his 
course at the academy he engaged in pedagogic 
laliors for a time and then matriculated at the 
famous Syracuse University, where he entered 
upon the full classical course. Although com- 
pelled by circumstances to suspend his studies 
from time to time for the purpose of teaching in 
order to earn funds to meet living expenses, he 
pi r-evered in his ambition to acquire a thorough 
education and was graduated with the degree 
of A. 1'... as a member of the class of '85. From 
his previous experience in teaching he was en- 
abled to .secure a good position and at once be- 
came the principal of the East Bloomfield Free 
. \cademv in western New York. He continued 
in that position for two years and met with con- 
spicuous success. He then tendered his resigna- 
tion to take a post-graduate course in the Se- 
mitic languages at Yale University, under the 
instruction of Prof. William R. Harper,- then one 
of the leading professors at Yale and now pres- 
ident of the Chicago University, At the end of 
a three-years' course of study he received the 
degree of I',. D., with special honors. Having 
decided to enter the ministry, he remained an- 
other year at Yale and pursued a course in the- 
ology, philosophy and sociology. He soon ac- 
cepted a call from Vancouver, Wash., where IK 
became the founder of the Pilgrim Congrega- 
tional church. He was very successful in this 
chosen work and acquired a high reputation as 
an eloquent preacher. In 1894 he received a call 
from the First Congregational church of Chey- 
. Wyo.. which he accepted, and then removed 
his residence from the city of Vancouver. For 
many years this church had been distinguished 
by the able and eloquent men who had occupied' 
its pulpit, among others being the Rev. T- D. 
Davis, D. D., now of Doshisha College, Japan, 
and the Rev. Josiah .Strong. D. D., author of 

"i Mir Country," and the In-h standard of excel- 
h nee which they had established \vas continued 
during the administration of Doctor Smile}. In 
iSijS. he was elected to the presidency of the 
State University of Wyoming, and resigned his 
pastorate for the purpose of accepting that re- 
sponsible position. Since he has been at the 
head of the State I Imversit) that institution has 
had a remarkable advance- in power and inllu- 
no :md is rapidh becoming one of the leading 
educational institutions of the West. His man- 
agement has been characterixed by ability of a 
high order and its influence for good has been 
largely extended throughout the state. On June 
17. 1891, before coming to the West, Mr. Smiley 
wa.s united in marriage with Miss Edith Con- 
stance House, of Lysander, X. Y., and his wife 
has been a great help to him in his lifework. be- 
ii g 'i woman of strong character and of marked 
literary tastes, ability and high culture. To their 
union have been born two children, Hollis B. 
and Dean F.. two bright lads who give promise 
of being worthy successors of their father. The 
home of President" and Mrs. Smile}- is the center 
of a gracious and refined hospitality, which they 
take pleasure in dispensing to their large circle 
of friends. Doctor Smiley is comparative!} 
young and is evidently destined to have a long 
anil distinguished career of usefulness. The 
honorary degree of A. M. has been conferred' 
upon him' by Yale University and the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity by his alma mater. He is 
one of the strong men of the educational world 
and his future career will be watched with in- 


Distinguished as a soldier in one of the 
greatest struggles in the annals of warfare, 
equally prominent as a civilian and as an official, 
filling worthily positions of honor and trust, Ad- 
jutant-General Stitzer has won a prominent place 
among the public men of Wyoming. He was 
the tenth in a family of thirteen children born 
to John and Sarah ( Sticknor ) Stitzer, natives 
of Pennsylvania, and dates his life from August 


28, [840 Mi 1 first saw tlu 1 light of day in I'.erks 
county, I 'a., ami for a verv limited period only 
attended such schools a- his neighborhood ai 
forded, being thrown upon his o\vn resources 
a* a very early age. lie earned his first money 
b\ driving a team on a canal, and al'ler fol- 
lowing- this means of livelihood for several years, 
he engaged with a party to learn paperhanging, 
ii, which he soon became an efficient workman. 
Tie was thus employed when the ominous clouds 
of impending Civil War darkened the national 
h"ri/on and threatened the destruction of the 
Cnion. \\'hen the conflict broke out and the 
President appealed to the lo\al sons of the Xorth 
for volunteers, he was one of the first in his pan 
of the country to respond, enlisting early in [86l. 
Kntering- the service as a private he was soon 
made first, sergeant of his company and by suc- 
cessive promotions rapidh rose to the ranks of 
first and -econd lieutenant and captain, while la- 
ter in flu 1 same year he was commissioned major 
of a Pennsylvania regiment and with this rank- 
he participated in several noted campaign-, dis- 
tinguishing himself in a number of bloodv bat- 
tles, among 1 which were South Mountain. Hull 
Run and Antietam. He served four years and 
lour months without receiving an injury and 
retired from the army with a record for bravery 
and gallantry of which any soldier might well feel 
ppiiid. At the close of the war Captain Stitxer 
resumed paperhauging and decorating, contin- 
uing in that line ot \\ork until iSiuj. \\hen lie ac 
cepted a clerical positimi with the Lehigli Yallc\ 
Railroad. After tilling that place for some time 
In- resigned and for sixteen years then-after, he 
served as fj. S. deput\ revenue collector \\ith 
headquarters at Easton, Pa. At the expiration of 
that period lie came to \V\oniing in the same ca- 
pacity, having received the appointmenf in this 
state through the instrumentality of the collector 
for Colorado, and continued to discharge the 
duties of the ion during the ensuing 

In lSij<> he was appointed adjutant-gen- 
eral of \Vyoining. which office he has since held 
with credit to hinisi-lf and to the entire 
faction of the people of the state. In connection 
\\ith his dmies as adjutant general he h.>ld- the 

important position of superintendent of the 
State Soldiers' Home at Che\cnne, \\"vn., to 
\\hich he was appointed on \ugu-l ij. 1X05. 
In this, as in other official relation--, he has dcin- 
onstrated a wise judgment and a far-reaching 
sagacit} of a high order and acquired a reputa- 
lion -econd to that of none other of the state's 
public men. Since he was old enough to wield 
the elective franchise he has been an ardent 
supporter of the Republican party, earnest in the 
defense of his convictions and active in promot- 
11 g the interests of the cause in local, stan 
national campaigns. He has proven himself an 
able and an efficient organi/cr and an untiring 
> ' irker, and \\ bile o >ntributing ti > his partv's suc- 
cess in not a few campaigns, his con i poli- 
tician has always been honorable and free from 
the methods to which so many pro! par- 
tisans resort, lie is identified with several fra- 
t. rnal organi/:ilin-. notably tin 1 Ala- 
Pythian orders, belonging to the Cniform Rank 
in the latter, the ( irand Army of the Republic 
and l.oyal Legion of the I nited State-. \- a 
gallant and intrepid officer on some of the blood- 
ie-t battlefields of the Southland he proved his 
loyalty to the government, in public and prixate 
life he commands unusual respect and esteem, 
while as a neighbor and a citi/eii his name ha- 
long been synonymous with integrity and h 
able, conduct. (ieiieral Stitzcr is a self 
man, and as such easily ranks with the most en- 
terprising and public spirited o| bis compeers. 
It is not too much to sa\ for him that no man 
in the cit\ of his re-idence elljov s a gn 
gvee of popularity and. as he is still in the prime 
of life, his friend- look for him to still 
further honors, although he can well afford to 
list on the laurels already earned. ( >n January 
i. i Si .I., -it Cressona, Pa., Captain Stit/er and 
Miss Joseplmii .1 daughter of Petei I I. 
and Hannah ll.m-e of thai state were united in 
the bond- of \\edlock. the union resulting in 
three children, Pdgar P.. who holds a position 
in the I '. S. CUStom-hoUSe at \eu V irk Cit\ : 
flank P., engaged in the in-uranee bii-iti' 
Cheyenne: Kmilv |).. a ] IP >h '--ional sicn. 
pher i if ( 'heyenne. 



Public honors as well as financial success 
1 tlir career of tlie substantial busi- 
iiaii anil representative citizen wh< >se name 
Uirrishes the caption of this biographical re- 
view. For a number >>! vears prominently iden- 
\vith the commercial business of his own 
other towns and also having mineral 
interests in various sections of the state, he has 
been a nircefiil factor in the industrial develop- 
\Vyoming, besides taking an active part 
in political and public affairs as a leading poli- 
tician and as an official empowered with honor- 
able trusts. Edward W. Stone is a native of 
Ohio, a state which doubtless has furnished the 
West more clear-brained men of of definite pur- 
pose than any other section of the American 
commonwealth. He was born in the town of 
Belpre, Washington county, on February 8, 1862, 
being the only child of Loring and Joanna Stone, 
natives of Ohio and Indiana respectively. By 
occupation Loring Stone was a miller, in connec- 
tion with which trade he also carried on the 
mercantile business in Belpre. He was a man 
of considerable local prominence and the success 
which marked his business career shows him to 
have been the possessor of judgment, discretion 
and capacity of no mean order. At the proper 
age Edward W. Stone entered the public schools 
of his native town and in due time completed the 
full course, graduating from the high school 
with an honorable record as an industrious and 
consecutive student. Actuated by a desire to 
prosecute his studies still further, he afterwards 
entered Oberlin College, where he pursued the 
higher branches of learning for two years, thus 
laying a substantial foundation for the active 
and successful career which followed in due 
course of time. At the age of twenty he began 
working in his father's flouring mill at Belpre 
and after spending one year in that capacity, 
came west, arriving at Cheyenne, Wyo., in Jan- 
uary, 1884. where he soon became bookkeeper 
for Mr. J. S. Callins, one of the city's leading bus- 
ness men. Mr. Stone continued in the employ of 
. that gentleman about five vears. when he be- 

came ited in the grocery business with 
Pitt Covert, the firm thus constituted lasting un- 
til Mr. Slime sold "in to his nartner and ef- 
hi ird a business relationship with John F. \ ret 
land. The well-known business house of Yrec- 
land i\ Stone is still in exi being one of 

the lariM--! and mosl successful commercial firms 
of Cheyenne, with a branch store at the town of 
I \a. which carries on an extensive trade in that 
section of the state. While meeting with success 
in his business a li'airs such as few merchants at- 
tain, Mr. Stone has by no means devoted all of 
his time and attention to private interests. Mind- 
iul of the duties which every true citizen o\\ 
the community in which he lives, he early began 
taking an active part in the public affairs of his 
city and county, and in recognition of valuable 
services rendered to his party, as well as by rea- 
si -11 of his eminent qualifications for the office, 
In- was elected in 1889 the treasurer of Lara- 
mie county. This was the first election under 
the present constitution, consequently to Mr. 
Stone belongs the honor of serving as the first 
'dian of the public funds after Wyoming 
was admitted to statehood. In the fall of 1898 
he was elected on the Republican ticket a mem- 
ber of the upper house of the General Assem- 
bly and his senatorial experience was character- 
ized by a faithfulness to his constituency that 
won him the high regard of his district and, when 
he retired from that body he carried with him 
the good will of the people, irrespective of polit- 
ical affiliation. His career as county treasurer 
was also above reproach, for he discharged the 
duties of that office with a fidelity to the interests 
of the public, which earned him the reputation 
of being one of the ablest officials by v whom the 
county was ever served. Mr. Stone has ever main- 
tained an enviable standing among the busim - 
men of Cheyenne and by a course of conduct 
beyond adverse criticism has proven himself emi- 
nently worthy of the high esteem in which he 
if held. He is a true type of the successful self- 
made man, having risen to his present place in 
business and political circles with no assist- 
ance beyond his own talents and well-directed 
energies. In the true sense of the term he has 

.;!<i ssn jo 


"tin- architect of his own fortune" and. i 
tired hv tin- O . : imhnl of sii lis life 

affords mam lessons, which, if properly sti: 
canii' ; he highway \, 

ultiniah LV' :| 1 is position and o unpetency. Mr. 
a Tliirt\ second degree Vlason and oc- 
uous place among ill. 

bers nf the fraternity throughout \\ * 
111 has also held distinguished positions in the 
! '\thian order, having been grand chanrellor ; be- 
sides in oth'T capacities eomrihutiug to \\^ 
cess of the loi -.- with which he is identi- 

Mr. Stone is a married man, having a 
conn md attractive home in Cheyenne, 

where he delights to meet his many friend- 
dispense a generous hospitaliu \\hich bespeaks 
the large mind, warm heart and liberal hatnl. 

.vife. whom lie man-Jed at I'.elpre. Ohio, in 
January. iSSS, was formerly Miss Mary Harri- 
son, the accomplished daughter of Capt. Jack- 
son Harrison, [or so man) years a popular Steam- 
boat man. pl\ ing the ' ihio ati<l other rivers. 


llenrs M. Arnold, the subject of this sketch. 
is 'ii' of tlu tew pioneers' of the Great \Yesi 

aining to weave the thread of personal in- 
cident inio the historical fabric of the past, 
and he has led a life of great activity rep 
with interesting experiences at times borderm- 
adventure and dangers. Henry M. Arnold 
is a scion of an old Colonial family that came 
to America a immber of years prior to the 
\\"ar of Independeiiee and settled if 
the Atlantic States. The\ were t iermaiis and 
when the Revolutionary War broke out si 
< ii the famih ji lined the \n i ni\ and 

loiight hravely until independence ired. 

:- i ithers distin^ui-bed them the \Yar 

ol iSi 2, and uln n tin . if ih,- I 

thn atened by the armed hosl si cessi< m, 

foseph I I \inoM. HI,- subject's father, re- 
sponded to the eall for \-olunteers a:nl ^a\-e up 
his life while defending the flag. In an 
da\ Mr. Arnold's grandparents moved to In 

liana and later to |o\\a. in which 

I I. Ann ild v. , ih 1. ' 

married .Martha i Isburn, ' . and 

made a livi-lihi ,i nl b\ 
cultural pursuits. I b 

mil of the Civil \\';ir. eiilistint;- in the 
l'"irst Iowa ( a\alry. and, i;i iSiq. \\hile taking 

St. Joe from Si. Louis, 
captured at ('entralia. .Mo., by a hand 
rillas under the notorious I'.ill Anderson and 
the whole company, beinv, unarmed was lined 
up and shut, but one succeeding in making 

pe. Shorilv after her husband's death Mrs. 
Arnold went to ( >hio where she lived for about 
twent) years, removing to VTork, N'eb.. where 
now is her permanent home. Henry M. A: 
was born in i lunty, towa, on January 

^o. i Si ID, and when i|ttite \oung he wa- taken 
by his mother to < >hio and remaine<l in that 
slate until the fall of 1^75 \\hen he returned 
i" lo\Va to li\e with an uncle, a phxsician of 

icil I'lluffs. lie \\as in the emplo) of this 
relative for a peril ne-half \-ear<. 

meantime supplementing his early educational 
discipline by attending the public schools of the 
al>o\v city. In March. iI-'Vo. Mr. Arnold left 
Iowa and came to \Y\,>ming, pa^sm- s 
time thereafter prospecting in the vicini: 
the Raw I tide Buttes and riding tin- 
that and other localities. In July of ih. 
louitiL; year be drove cattle to Montana and 
after his return, resumed prospecting until tin- 
spring of iSS4. when he engaged in gardening 
"M the Raw Midi-, -pending one summer at that 
vocation. Subsequently in company with 
Charles Young, afterwards hi- partner, for thir- 
teen years Mr. Arnold traveled Over l! 
part of \Y\oming and Montana in the cattle 

m iSSi. became a C <k on a 
ranch, leaving Mr. N . ik after 

stoek in;, esl He passed "ing 

Montan ' lu "h 

and in ihe fall i if 'Sij; went to 
where his partner had gotten together quite 
a number of cattle, spending th din- 

winter in that state, The following spring 
partnership was diss,.l\,-d, alt<r which Mr. 
Arnold broif'bi hi> -ba-i of the . 



W\oining and put them on land on the 1'lattc 
Valley which he had pre\ ii >nsl\ leased, lie 
ran stock there until iS<iS when he purchased 
a ranch one mile easl of T< (hinglon. where lie 
has since remained. meaim hile improving his 
land and building up a very prosperous stock 
business. \\'hen Mr. Arnold took possession 
of his place a considerable part of the land 
was comparatively bare and of little value for 
grazing purposes, but by a successful system of 
irrigation it has been rendered very fertile and 
productive, and by reason of this and other 
improvements the ranch is now one of the model 
properties of the kind in his part of the country. 
It embraces an area of 480 acres much of which 
is devoted to the raising of hay, which Mr. 
Arnold has found quite a profitable industry. 
He also keeps a fine lot of high grade cattle, 
and everything to which he addresses himself 
appears to prosper. As stated in the initial 
paragraph Mr. Arnold is one of the few old 
range men left in this part of the state, and by 
reason of long residence and extensive travel he 
is widely and popularly known throughout 
\\ "voming and the greater part of Montana. 
He is a fine example of the wide-awake, enter- 
prising Westerner and has done much for the 
material improvement of Laramie county and 
the promotion of the cattle industry in this 
and other sections. Mr. Arnold is a single man 
and appears to enjoy his independent life of 
bachelorhood. He enjoys the confidence of 
his friends and neighbors and all with whom 
he has relations speak in high terms of his in- 
tegrity and honorable business methods. 


One of the leading commercial men and mer- 
chants of Carbon county, a resident of Hanna, 
"Wyoming, John H. Abbot was born in Massa- 
chusetts, having been born in 1855, the son of 
Ezra and Caroline (Lincoln) Abbot, both na- 
tives of that state. His father, a native of Es- 
sex county. Mass., was born in 1807^ and was 
graduated from the medical school of Harvard 
University, and practiced his profession at the 

town of Canton, Mass., attaining a high repu 
tation and standing, until his death in iS~i. He 
\vas the son of Ezra \hhot and his mother's 
maiden name was Hannah Poor, a member of 
the well-known family of Massachusetts. The 
M.liot family resided on land originally granted 
to a great-great grandfather of the subject of 
this review by ("ieorge TTT. and he took an active 
part in the colonial life of the old commonwealth. 
The mother of John H. Abbot was born in 1837 
and passed away from earth in 1879, being the 
mother of four children, of whom he was the 
second. She was the daughter of Abraham and 
Martha (Howard) Lincoln, the former a native 
of Massachusetts, and the latter of Maine. Her 
father early made his home in Bath, Maine, and 
one of his sons, Frederick Lincoln, was at one 
time mayor of Boston. John H. Abbot grew to 
manhood in Massachusetts and received his early 
education in the public schools, after which he 
pursued a course of study in pharmacy and was 
graduated in 1876, then removing to Omaha, 
Xeb., where he obtained a position in a drug 
store and remained in this employment for about 
three years, thence removing to Osceola, where 
he engaged in the drug business for about two 
years. He then sold out the drug store for the 
purpose of engaging in merchandising in the 
western portion of the state. He continued in 
that business for about fourteen years, then dis- 
posed of his interests and property in Nebraska, 
and removed to Wyoming, where he established 
himself at Hanna, Carbon county, where he was 
first a clerk in the L'nion Pacific Railway Com- 
pany's general store, and was soon appointed as 
manager of the local business, in which capacity 
he has continued since that time. He has been 
successful, and is ranked as one of the leading 
merchants of this section of this state. In 1885 
Mr. Abbot was united in marriage with Miss 
Jessie Gunnell. a native of Illinois, and the 
daughter of O. and Harriet (Mitchell) Gunnell, 
well-known and highly respected citizens of Il- 
linois, who subsequently removed to Nebraska, 
where the father was for many years one of the 
representative business men of his section, but 
is now retired from active business, and residing 



at Osceola. Nt-1). '!'<> Mr and Mr-. Abbot have 
been born four children. Amy ( i.. Harriet M.. 
George and |<>lm, all n<>\\ living except John. 
who <lu-d iii iSij-i. Mr. Abbol is a stanch mem- 
ber of tin 1 Republican part\. one of the trusted 
o\ tin 1 leader- of ihai political organization in 
Carbon countv. Popular. progressive, and highly 
med hy all classes of I'i- fellow i-iii/rns, he 
might, if In- so desired, ! the recipient of 
pnhlic honors in the state. He is one of the 
valued citixen- of the community in which 
he maintains his home. 


Intimately associated with the professional 
life of the thriving city of Rock Springs, and 
taking a prominent part in the public affair- of 
the county, Henry ( '. Allen lias not been under- 
estimated by a people who have learned to ap 
ate his true value as a forceful factor in the 
bod} politic. Hi- father, Hon. Henry X. Allen, 
horn in Rochester. X. Y., in 1847. rcadiug 
irly admitted to the bar and within a 
oMtiparativelv .-hort time became one of tthe 
brilliant and successful ttien ,,f the pro 
fe--iim in \\"e.-tern Xew York, lie was elected 
time to time to various high official po- 
sitions, notably among- them being judge of the 
1 court of Rochester, and he ado 
M ion he was called to fill. For several 
he was a political leader, and wa- a -hrewd 
Campaigner and an eloquent speaker, and be- 
fore June- and up. m the hn-thigs he had Few 
lls. I lad it not been fr his iiremalm > death 
enecl by exposure while delivering an 
on in the campaign of iSSt he doub 
'I have achieved national distinction as s 
er, orator and publici-i. lion. llenr\ X. 
Allen wa- the son of I >r. \e\\ell \llen. a native 
if \e\\ I lamp-hire and for main- years a lead- 
and -nrgenii of r, X. Y. 

Hide i I lall I Allen, wife of 1 >OCtOr Mli'll. 
rn in the -late of Xe\\ York, and is re- 
in of -triMig mentality and 
varied and cultured attainmeiiu. She made a 

ial study i .f scientific - and lie. 


noted as a chemist, and in tin- way \\a- a val- 
uable assistant to her lui-band in hi- prof,--ional 
work, her knowledge of maleria medica having 

extensive and profound. She was 
i iron- phv-icallv. as well a- mental] ndid 

men of symmetrically de\'eloped woman- 
hood and lived to the age oi eight years. 

The maid' n name of the mother of I I. < . \llen 
was l ; annie \'an . \l-hne. She wa- born in 
Albany. X. Y., in 1851, the daughter of X. J. 
and Sarah (Pease) \ an Al-lyne. both pat 

if the Empii 'utch 

descent. Mr-. Allen is still living, a cultured and 
refined lady, and ha- long been active in re- 
ligious and charitable work, i. devoted 
!ier of the O ional church. Henry 
C. Allen was bom in Rochester, X. Y.. on Jan- 
nary 24. iSj.v \fter acquiring a knowledge of 
the elementary branches in the excellent schools 
of Rochester, he prosecuted the highe- 
i if -indy in the I 'niver-it\ I -\lvama. 
in l8()_> was graduated with honor- from the 
law department of that in-tin ion 'here- 
after going to ("olorado, \\bere he opened a law- 
office at .Montrose. and during the ensuing 

built up a lucrative practice and took high 
rank as an attorney. Meanwhile he took an 
active interest in public and political affairs and 
.1 as chairman and sei .f the Repub- 

lican Central ('oinmittee. and also held the 
of city attorne) for three term-, and served one 
term as deputy district attorney, hi the spring 
df KPH Mr. Mien located at Rock Spring-, 
\Vyoming, where he has since been active! 

ed in legal practice, hi- abilities winning him 
.1 conspicuous place among the leading lawyers 
of the Sweet lint) bar. At tin- tune he 

ir the >' 

f. .' \ariou- nd is the 

retary of the I'.u-ines- Men'- 1 . \- a 

lawyer he i- -neee--fnl and ha- a practice wide 
in -co]ie and remunerative. He i- \\cll-groiinded 
in the underlying principle- of inn-prude: 

and rel ' 

with the greate-t care and -pare- neither time 
nor pain- in ' after inlere-t- intrn-l 

him. I b . ntlc man of pleasing 


tine Nicial (|iialities and undoubted integrity. 
Stu.lii'us and attentive in matters of business, he 
i unmindful of his duties to the community 
as a citizen, consequently his name appears in 
connect!, in with nearly every enterprise having 
for its object the material, intellectual and moral 
welfare of the city of his residence. Fraternally 
he belongs to the Elks Lodge at Rock Springs 
and politically supports the Republican party. 
Mr. Allen and Miss Helen Cobb, of Philadelphia, 
were united in the bonds of wedlock in 1896. 
Mi-.-. Allen is the daughter of Mark Cobb, for 
many years editor of the Philadelphia North 
American and a noted figure in Pennsylvania 
journalism. He served as chief clerk of the 
United States Senate during the latter years of 
the Civil War and was also private secretary 
of Hon. Simon Cameron when that distinguished 
statesman was at the head of the war depart- 
ment in President Lincoln's cabinet. 


The buoyant life and daring energy which 
so unmistakably is shown in the development 
of the Great West springs in large measure 
from the coming hither of the bravest people 
of all nationalities, who bring the best elements 
of their respective countries and localities, form- 
ing a composite civilization of the highest value. 
This is notably shown in the young, pro- 
gressive state of Wyoming, and in this volume, 
especially dedicated to the "Progressive Men 
of Wyoming," such men demand consideration. 
Among this number in the county of Converse 
we must particularly give attention to W. H. 
Ashby, who, a native of England, has cast in 
his lot and given his mental strength and physi- 
cal abilities to the task of aiding in the re- 
deeming of the state from its primitive condi- 
tion of unproductiveness by replacing the wild 
beasts with domestic animals and thus ex- 
ploiting the numberless resources of the state 
in the interests of civilization. Mr. Ashby 
comes of an oldtime sterling family of England, 
his birthplace being in Northampton, where 
he was born on June I5th, 1848. a son of George 

and Mar\ \. (Starmcr) Ashby, his maternal 
grandfather William A.-hl>\. being a shoemaker, 
while on the paternal side his grandfather was 
a farmer, as was also his father, who continued 
in that honorable vocation all the days of his 
life. The eldest of the seven children of the 
family, Air. Ashby early had great conceptions 
of the advantages presented in the wonderful 
land of America, and at the early age of four- 
teen crossed the mighty ocean and made his 
residence in the scenic city of Ottawa, Canada, 
soon however crossing the international line, 
he passed two years in New York occupied 
with freighting, at the termination of this em- 
ployment migrating to Iowa, being there in- 
dustriously engaged for two years, thence re- 
moving in 1868 to Wyotning, then in the first 
period of pioneer occupancy. Cheyenne was 
but a small town of tents, but here Mr. Ashby 
found congenial friends, and employment for 
a time on the Union Pacific 'Railroad and later 
in the dangerous life of a freighter. The In- 
dians were then roaming in numbers over the 
vast- plains and frequently made hostile demon- 
strations on the freighting outfits they con- 
sidered they could easily overpower, and in this 
connection Mr. Ashby had manifold adventures. 
In 1872 he engaged in range riding, continu- 
ing this life of intrepidity and excitement until 
1890, thence going to Grant, Oregon, and en- 
gaging in distilling for three years, when a 
mighty flood swept away, not only the distil- 
lery, but the entire town. Returning to Wyo- 
ming, for eighteen months he was in charge of 
the Van Tassell cattle outfit, thereafter com- 
ing to the La Prele valley and purchasing the 
interests of George La Vassar on the upper 
La Prele, where he is building a most attract- 
ive home and conducting a fine stock business, 
having 320 acres of well located land, a por- 
tion being under effective irrigation, and rais- 
ing large crops of alfalfa, etc. His residence, 
barns and other accessories to good husbandry 
are creditable additions to the estate, and the 
whole form a most desirable home. For a num- 
ber of years Mr. Ashby was the efficient fore- 
man of the Bridle Bit outfit of the Union Cattle 



i ... running 35,000 head on the 1'luUe River. 
Miss Mona Furnall ami Air. Ashby were mar- 
ried on January i, 181/0. She is a native of 
Ohio, where her father has long been con- 
nected with coal mining. 


A varied career has been that of Frank A. 
Bailey, now residing at Laramie, in the state of 
\\ \ i >ming. A native of Orange county, N. Y., 
he was born in 1847, tne son f Harrison and 
M.-iry ( Randall) Bailey, both natives of that 
state. His father responded to the call of his 
country for defenders during the trying times 
of the Civil 'War, in iS(>i enlisting in Co. C, 
One Hundred and Tenth New York Regiment. 
In the sanguinary battle of Gettysburg he was 
killed and was buried at Florida, X. Y., being 
i son of Silas and Sarah (llarrisoin P.ailey, both 
natives of New Jersey. Silas Bailey followed 
thr occupation of blacksmithing during his life 
time, and died in TSYifi at the age of eighty- 
two years, also being buried at Florida, N. Y. 
Sarab i Harrison i Bailey, the paternal grand- 
mother .if Frank A. Bailey, was the daughter of 
George A. Xater, a native of Germany and a 
citizen of the state of \'e\v York. 
The mother of Mr. Bailey was the daughter of 
John and Sarah Randall, oldtimc residents of 
Xew York state. In early life Mr. Mailev was 
practically without any school privileges what- 
and being compelled to commence to earn 
his own livelihood at the early age of ten years 
hi b driver on the Erie Canal for two 

seasons. He then went into a machine shop 
at Pittsburg, Pa., as an apprentice to learn the 
trade of machinist. He remained in this em- 
ployment fur about six years and then in 1873 
enlist,,] as a private in Co. B, Eighth I 'nited 
States Infantry, and in the following year he 
was -i, -moiied with his regimen! 
Wyo., and subsequently lie uas trails 
to Fort Sannders and still later to Fort l.ara 
mie. where he remained for about eight month-. 
and was then ordered to ( 'alii'ornia, where he 
wa- mustered out of the service at A- 

island. He then secured employment on a 
cattle ranch in California, for the purpose of 
acquiring a practical knowledge of the cattle 
business, with a view to entering upon that pur- 
suit. He remained in California for about four 
. then came to Oregon and later to Idaho 
and Montana. In iSSS he purchased a ranch 
on the Powder River in Johnson count}-. \Y;<>.. 
and there engaged in ranching and cat- 
tle raising, four years later disposing of his 
ranch and cattle interests to good advantage, 
when he accepted a responsible position on the 
1'nion Pacific Railroad. He has remained in 
this employment up to the present time 11902). 
Air. Bailey has n- u married. He is a 

highly esteemed citizen of the community where 
he maintains his home. 


Among the leading business men of the city 
of Encampment. Wyoming, Henry D. Ashley 
is one whose enterprise and public spirit have 
done much to build up that young city. He 
was born at Acushnet. I'.ristol county, Mass.. 
on May 3, i8<i_>, the son of Calvin and Rebecca 
(Davis) Ashley, both natives of that state. His 
father was born at Lakeville, Mass., and early 
established his home at Acushnet, where he 
engaged in farming and was also interested to 
quite an extent in the whale fisheries, his home 
being adjacent to Xew Bedford, formerly the 
great center of that industry in America, and 
he remained tlur. until his death in 1868. He 
left a family of six sons and four daughters 
and after the death of his father. Henry D. 
. \shl< v removed with the other members of 
the family to Tanntoii in the same state, where 
he grew to manhood, received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools and learned the trade 
of wood-turning, at which he .ployed in 

Taunton until iSoo when he removed to [OWA. 
where he located at Sioux City, and continued 
to work at his former occupation for about four 
years, \t the end of that time he reiv 
to Des Moines and en-aged in the bakerx busi- 
ness for two years, \\hen he sold out and i 


west in Colorado Spring. Colo, lie made 
his homo at this place for about one year and 
in January. iScjS. came to Encampment , Wyo., 
where he has since made his home, being one 
of the pioni ers <>f the place, then in its infancy. 
From his first arrival here he has been uni- 
formly successful in business. He first engaged 
in conducting a lodging house and continued 
successfully in that pursuit up to the spring of 
1902. In 1901 he engaged in the real estate and 
insurance business, associating himself in busi- 
ness with Mr. Leo Davis under the firm name 
of Davis & Ashley, the former attending to the 
mining brokerage department and the latter 
giving special attention to insurance and real 
estate. On May 3, 1884, Mr. Ashley was united 
in marriage at Taimton, Mass., with Miss Min- 
nie F. Moxon, a native of Massachusetts, and 
the daughter of Frederick and Emma A. 
Moxon, well-known and respected citizens of 
Taunton. Her father was a native of England 
who came to America in 1850, and established 
his home in the city of Taunton. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ashley are the parents of two children, namely : 
Jennie M. and Carleton H., both of whom are 
still living, and their home is one of the most 
hospitable in the city of Encampment. Mr. 
Ashley is largely interested in the Vulcan Cop- 
per Mining Co., of which he is vice-president. 
This company has valuable mining claims situ- 
ated within a few hundred feet of the celebrated 
Ferris-Haggarty copper property, and gives 
promise of being equally valuable. He is also 
the secretary of the Grant Copper Mining Co., 
located at Pearl, Colo. He is the representa- 
tive of several of the leading insurance com- 
panies, among others the Liverpool, London & 
Globe, the Providence Washington Insurance 
Co., the Phoenix Insurance Co., of Hartford, 
Conn., the Niagara Insurance Co., of New 
York, and the Fire Association of Philadelphia. 
Although engaged in business but a short time 
he has won the confidence of the business com- 
munity by his energy, industry and attention 
to all the details of his business, and he has 
been steadily adding to it from month to month. 
He is one of the leading business men of the 

locality anil has dune much to build up the 
new city of Encampment, lie was a mcniber 
of its first citv government ;fnd was reelected 
in KJIIJ. He is also a member of the school 
board and prominent in all matters that affect 
the public welfare or promote the general 
1 of the community. 

TH< >M \S I1KLL. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of 
the Dominion of Canada, having been born at 
1'ort Xettf. on November _>o. 1803. He is the 
son of Peter and Elizabeth (Webb) Hell, the 
former a native of Scotland, and the latter of 
Liverpool, England. His father came to 
Canada from his native country when a young 
man, and remained there until the year 1867, 
when he removed to Colfax county. Neb., 
where he engaged in farming and stock rais- 
ing operations up to the time of his decease, 
in 1877. He was a man of education and one 
of his brothers is at the head of one of the- 
leading educational institutions of Edinburg, 
Scotland. The mother is still living at Nor- 
folk, Neb., at the advanced age of seventy-nine 
years. She was the mother of fifteen children, 
of whom Thomas was the eleventh. His boy- 
hood days were passed in Colfax county, 
Neb., and there he received his education 
until 1878, when he left Nebraska, came to 
Wyoming and located at Cheyenne, and se- 
cured employment as a range-rider. He fol- 
lowed this occupation for many years, and ac- 
quired a thoroughly practical knowledge of the 
stock business. A considerable portion 'of this 
time he was in the employ of the Swan Cattle 
Co., one of the largest concerns in Wyoming. 
He began business for himself in 1894 and pur- 
chased the Node ranch situated about twelve 
miles east of Lusk. He shortly afterward also 
purchased the Handson property and is now 
the owner of about 3,000 acres of land, well 
stocked and improved, and is conducting a suc- 
cessful and profitable business. His cattle are 
principally Herefords crossed with Shorthorns, 
and he has a fine herd of 4,000 head, which 



is being :nldi-(l to from year to \ear. ( In 
ccmhcr 7. iSijj, Mr. Hell married with Miss 
( ora L. Root, a native of \Yniiont and the 
daughter of I'.. A. Root, a well-known and 
highK respected gentleman. no\v residing at 
Lnsk. To their union have been horn five chil 
dren. l.ioiu-1 Lvcrard, Thomas Llovd, Floyd 
Cecil, .\la\\\cll Keith and ( 'ora Irene. Their 
home is one of the most hospitable in the state. 
Fraternally, Mr. Hell is affiliated with the Ma- 
sonic order, having attained the Thirty-second 
decree of the Scottish Rile, and he is also a 
member of the Independent ( >rder of < >dd Pel 
low*. He takes an active interest in the fra- 
ternal and social life of the community where 
he maintains his home, and is looked upon as 
one of the solid busines, men and substantial 
property owners of Converse county, being 
held in high esteem by his fellow citizens and 
\\ c irllu > 'f their confidence. 


< >ne of the best ranches in Laramie county. 
\Y\oming, is that belonging to William Atchi- 
son and situated on the Laramie River eleven 
miles west of the Fort, where he has been liv- 
ing since iS()S. IK- was burn in Williamstown, 
Indiana, on February 21, iS^o, a son of Waller 
and Margaret (Craigmyle) \n bison, natives 
of Kentucky. The Atchison family is an ancient 
Fnglish one, representatives of which came to 
rica in earl\ ( 'olonial days, the descendants 
latei making their home in < >hio. \\hence the\ 
scattered, to various parts of the country 
Atchison, Kansas. tvcei\ing its name from 
David Atchison. a relative of William. The 
Craigmyle ianiih is of Irish extraction, and the 
immediate maternal ancestors of William Ale bi- 
son were also early settlers in America. Waller 
Atchison. father of William, was a merchant 
in Xioiisville. Boone C,OUnty, Ind.. \\here lie was 
quite prominent and lived until |S(.S, when lie 
\\enl lo Minnesota and shortly afterwards tO 
loua. where he settled on a farm si\ miles from 
DCS Moines. where he followed agricultural pur 
suits until his lamented death in August. iSSi. 

his remains being interred in 1'olk county. I fis 
\\ido\\ still resides in lies Moines and makes 
her home with a daughter. William Ate! 
received his education in Indiana and at the 
age of seventeen years went to Minneapolis, 
.Minn., and there worked at the carpenter's 
trade for two \ears. becoming an expert in 
this handicraft. In the fall of i Si ,S he \\ent with 
his father to Iowa and assisted him on the 
farm until the latter's death in iSSi. In De- 
cember. iSSi, he came west with his wife and 

up his residence in Colorado to FCCUpi 
his health, which had become impaired. Here 
he purchased a ranch about five miles from 
Fort Collins and embarked in the cattle busi- 
ness in combination with farming, in which he 
continued until March. iSS-. when he sold out 
and came to Wyoming, and here was cmp! 
on the T V ranch with the people on Chng- 
\\ater until iSoS. in the fall of which year he 
purchased his present ranch, where he has since 
been most siicccssfnllv engaged in cattle rais- 
ing. This ranch is one of the best managed in 
the couiitN and his duelling of the most modern 
construction. William Atchison was unit, 
marriage at I Vs .Moines. Iowa. >n September 
15, 1875. with Miss F.sthcr I-'.. Kitchel. a na- 
tive of Indiana, anil the accomplished daughter 
of John and Esther (Peck) Kilchel. uati\e- of 
Xew Jersex and Xew York. Mr. Kilchel. a 
farmer in Indiana, removed to |o\\a. becoming 
a pioneer of Warren count}, and was there en- 
gaged in farming until his death on March ,}. 
iSi.o. his remains being interred in Warren 
county. Mis widow. no\\ eight v-cight yeai 
age. lives \\ith a dau-hler in I'age county, 
[owa. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. \tclli- 
soii has been blessed with three children. Nellie 
L.. now Mrs. Roach : Clara M.. imw Mrs. Clmi- 
ser. and \\alur !\ The family \vorshi]i at the 
Methodisl church and are classed wiih the best 
ill of Laramie comity and of the state, be 
ing foremost in moral and religions work. \ 
a citi/en. Mr. \tchisoii is -ed as a Re- 

publican and a ITlOSl Useful en i SHlUCh as 

lie is ever among the foreiiiosi tO contribute 
touanl public improvements and to 

4 o 


their introduction when their necessity becomes 
apparent. Recognition of the ability of Mrs. 
Atchison to successfully administer public af- 
fairs has been made by the United States gov- 
ernment in her appointment as postmaster of 
Grey .Rocks postoffice, the duties of this office 
being discharged with great acceptability and 
the satisfaction of the postoffice department 
and the patrons of the office, with whom she 
is distinctively popular. 


The young state of Wyoming owes much 
to her citizens of foreign birth, those men of 
rugged type who have brought to their new 
homes in the West those admirable traits of 
industry, economy and thrift which they learned 
in the homes of their childhood beyond the sea. 
Prominent among this class in his section of the 
state is Bert Bergerson, who is a native of Nor- 
way, having been born on October 14, 1855, the 
son of Berger and Carrie (Thoreson) Berger- 
son, both natives of that country. His father 
followed the occupation of farming until his 
death in 1887, and now lies buried amid the 
scenes of his active life. The mother resides 
at the old home in Norway. Bert Bergerson 
grew to man's estate and received his early 
education in the schools of his native county, 
afterwards following the occupation of farm- 
ing with his father, until he was twenty-six 
years old, then the limited business opportuni- 
ties of his home and the reports which had 
come to him of the splendid possibilities in 
the new world across the Atlantic Ocean influ- 
enced him to seek his fortune in America. 
Therefore, in June, 1882, with such small sav- 
ings as he had put aside from his years of toil, 
he took ship and sailed away to the land of 
promise in the West. Arriving in America in 
due course of time, he proceeded first to Fayette 
count}', Iowa, where he had acquaintances and 
secured employment as a farm hand, and re- 
mained in that vicinity engaged in that pur- 
suit, until the spring of 1886, when he went to 
Cheyenne county, Neb., and took up a home- 

1 claim, and entered u]>n the business of 
fanning for a year when he came to Cheyenne, 
Wyo., where he remained for about one year 

then secured employment at the ranch 
owned by Andrew Gilchrist, x on South Crow 
creek, where he continued for a number of 

>, returning, however, each spring and fall 
to his homestead entry in Nebraska until he 
had fully complied with the requirements of 
the laws of the United States and had acquired 
a government title to the land. In the spring 
of 1895 he made an extended trip through 
Montana, Oregon and Washington, to find a 
desirable location to engage in ranching and 
stockraising, but he was unable to find any 
that equalled Wyoming. He therefore returned 
and in the fall of 1895 secured a lease on his 
present ranch situated on Middle Crow creek, 
about twenty miles west of Cheyenne. Here he 
has since remained engaged successfully in the 
business of raising cattle and doing general 
ranching. He is still the owner of his home- 
stead in the state of Nebraska and his wife is 
also the owner of a ranch on the table lands 
near Pine Bluffs, Wyo. On June 13, 1900, Mr. 
Bergerson was united in matrimony at Salem, 
Wyo., with Miss Xathalia Anderson, a native 
of Sweden ami the daughter of Lars and Katie 
Anderson, both natives of Sweden. This esti- 
mable married pair are members of the Lutheran 
church, and take an earnest and sincere inter- 
est in all works of religion and charity in the 
community where the}' maintain their home. 
They are the best type of citizens, honest, in- 
dustrious, law-abiding and devoted to the in- 
stitutions of their adopted country. Politically, 
Mr. Bergerson is identified with the Republican 
party, and as every good citizen should, takes 
an active and patriotic interest in all matters 
calculated to affect the public welfare. 


A resident of Wyoming for nearly a quarter 
of a century and occupying during much of that 
time a position of commanding influence in the 
civil and political councils of the territory and 


, Hon. Joseph A. I'.lack, of the Big Piney 
section f the country, has been a potential 
in tin.- scttlcm 

the state, and has exhibited in his 
work here the sell-reliance. strength <>f mind, 
and general resour. - he ac- 

d in a varied and eventful experience else- 
where. ()n AUL: 1853, in the state of 
Indiana his life began as the son of B. F. and 
Louisa (Matthews) Black, the former a native 
(if Kentuckv and the latter of Indiana, both 
g children of ministers in the Christian 
church and prominenl men. The father 

,i minister of that faith and a veteran of the 

1 War. in which he served as muster of 

trans] on in his command. They were 

the parents of eight children, five boys and 

[s, of whom six are pel living. Joseph 

A. I Hack was educated in the public schools of 

Indiana and at ; ible private school in 

!. whither his parents had removed before 

he was of age. In 1873 he sought the free and 

ads eiuun ms life of the plains in Texas where 

he rode ihe cattle ranges and followed trail 

work, continuing this in every state and tcr- 

ritory west of Missouri until t8qo, a part of the 

time serving as foreman in charge of extensive 

In i^Si he came, to \Vv miiing and 

within her promising and rapidly improving 

hounds In -In- since re irrying on a pros- 

iis and e: '. industry on a tract 

"f ;_>o acres of land which he owns and has 

v> ell improved, and on which he has fine herds 

of graded !! ttli and on which lie has 

'Utinuoiisly since 1890. Mr. I'.lack is 

i belonging to Evanston ( \\ 
-. \'o. i -t 3 grivit inter 

in it }, rdthough SO situated that he is 

rcmu-nt lodge attendant. He 

Wyoming ' 

lalnrc in moo and wa ["in 190 I li> 

course iu the body vva s highly commend, d and 
his service^ to his constituents were of great 
and appreciated value. Although a l\i publi- 

n pi ilitics, he is fi . 
ship and sees tin- int. ' his county with 

ith of view and in an enterprising spirit. 

lie was married on January i, 1887. with Miss 
Mary Jaycox. a native of Illinois, at the time of 
ili. marriage living in Wyoming. The;, have 

children, Ida, Orline, Edna, Joseph A. 
ami Mary. Mr. Black is one of the leading 
citizens of the state and takes an active and in- 

nt interest in all her affairs. lie has 1 
:dent of \\ yoming since 1880 and has made 
substantial contributions to her development 
and improvement. 


A successful ranch and stockman of Albany 
county, Wyoming, is the subject of this sketch, 
Alexander Boggs. whose residence is at Pol- 
lock, in that county. A native of Indiana, he 

born in 1848, a son of Matthew L, and 
Amanda iStackho . both natives of 

Pennsylvania, where the father was born on , 
March 4, 1813, and followed railroading in his 
native state as a conductor on the first railroad 
built in the state. He later established his h 
in Shelb) county, Indiana, where he engaged 
in farming, in 1857. disposing of his farm he- 
removed to Illinois, and continued agricultural 
pursuits in Coles count}- until 1878. when he 
removed to Kansas, when- he was occupied in 

ame pursuit up to the time of his wife's 
death, then he sold his farm and now makes his 
\\iih his children, lie was the son of 
Alexander and Magdalinc iShafcri !'.< 
both natives of Pennsylvania. Alexander 
Boggs. the grandfather, passed all his lifi 
Pennsylvania, living to the age of 8< > \ears. his 
wife Magdaline living to the rci 
of IO< ' 'i her i if the SU ihis 

writing was horn in i8_'7, was married in i 
and died in Kansas in 188(1, lieiitL 1 the mother of 
eleven children. I'niir boys and seven ^irls. 

rt attained man's 

in Illinois and there received his early 
education in the public scIinoU. \i ih 
eight' en he was c. impelled b 

health to lea\ and eni^a^e in busr 

for himself, first following the occupation of 
farming in Illinois, later removing to Mimii 


and still later to Kansas, o mi inning in farm- 
ing and >tc ickgn i\\ -ing < ppcrations until 1880, 
making hi- residence in the count v i >i Rooks. 
In tlu- -print;- of 1880, he came to the territory 
of \Y\oniing and settled on a ranch in the 
vicinity of Laraniie and devoted his full energy 
to the business of raising cattle. In this pursuit 
he has mei with success, increasing- his holdings 
both of land and stuck from year to year since 
that time, and he is now the owner of a fine 
ranch, well fenced and with good improvements, 
suitable buildings and surroundings for a suc- 
cessful ranching and cattleraising business. In 
1890 he was united in holy matrimony with 
Miss Delia Eychaner a native of New York 
and the daughter of Milton and Magdeline 
1 1 hunm) Eychaner, of the same state. The 
father of Airs. Boggs is still living, engaged in 
farming in Iowa, but the mother passed away 
in 1870. at the age of forty-six years. She was 
the mother of nine children and was the daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Sawyer) Hamm, both 
natives of Germany. To Mr. and Mrs. Boggs 
four children have been born, namely. Fay. 
Pearl, Ethel and Roy, all of whom are living. 
Politically Mr. Boggs is identified with the Re- 
publican party and takes an active and patriotic 
interest in public affairs. He has never sought 
or desired political position, preferring to give 
his time and attention to the management of 
his business interests. He is one of the most 
respected citizens of the community where he 


In every flourishing community there are 
certain men, who, by their enterprise, straight- 
forward business methods and public-spirit, 
maintain the prosperity and progressiveness of 
the place, and. when to these qualifications we 
can add the mechanical and technical skill of 
an architect and builder, we can see how forms 
of beauty in wood and brick will arise to 
beautify the town and by its improved appear- 
ance attract a desirable element tQ|become its 
citizens. These reflections arise when consider- 

ing the eminently uselul lite and labor*, of 
Henrj \.. I'.rcnning. the popular architect and 
builder of 1 )otiglas, the monuments of whose 
architectural skill are everywhere patent to the 
observer. Mr. Brenning was born in the old 
tcwn of Norwood. Ala--., on March 25, 1851. the 
son of Thomas and Catherine (Hitchins) Bren- 
ning. natives of Norwood and Xew Hampshire. 
His paternal grandfather came from (Juebcc to 
Massachusetts, becoming a lifelong resident of 
the state, his son Thomas following farming in 
Norfolk county and raising a family of eight 
sons and three daughters. Henry L. nrenning 
\\as the \oungest child of this family, and after 
receiving an excellent education he thoroughly 
learned the trades of carpenter and bridge 
builder in the extensive car shops at Norwood, 
there applying himself to labor in these lines 
and the acquisition of technical instruction in 
this connection until 1879, when he was carried 
to Leadville, Colo., on the wave of excitement 
over the rich mineral discoveries in that camp, 
there engaging in profitable employment as a 
bridge builder on the line of the Denver & 
Rio Grande Railway, in 1880 making his home 
in Denver. Not long thereafter he came to 
Boulder, Wyo., where he passed two years, 
thence removing to Cheyenne, and engaging in 
contracting and carpenter work in the construc- 
tion of dwellings, etc., continuing in that city 
until 1880 when he was attracted* .by the pros- 
pective advantages of the new town of Douglas 
and removed thither as one of its very earliest 
settlers, his wife being the first woman resident 
of the town. From that time to the present Mr. 
Brenning has been one of the busiest men of 
the place, having been the builder of every 
structure constructed of brick erected in the 
city, the first one of importance being the at- 
tractive building containing the First National 
Hank, since which construction his services and ^ 
skill have been in constant requisition, erect- 
ing many business houses and numerous resi- 
dences costing from $10,000 upwards. He has 
just completed the fine high school building of 
three stories. 35x104 'feet in size, which was 
commenced in 1887, and is now giving atten- 



linn 1" ilk- erection of the elegant I'nity Tem- 
ple, which is 75\IJ(i feet in si/c and cil" I wo 

stories, constructed i pressed lirick. These- ami 
Other IK iiahlc specimen-, of his handiwork \\'\\\ 
long stand as monuments |,, |-,j s artistic taste, 
his work being of solid and enduring char,i< tei 
ami his industry and painstaking strongly mani- 
fest. .Mr. P.rcnning belongs to hoth the .Ma- 
sonic and < >dd I-'cllows fraternal societies and 
lie is connected with Wyoming's leading indus- 
try as one of the three associates in the Table 
Mountain Sheep Co. lie \\as married on I >e 
ceniher i, 1X75. at Fremont Temple. I'.oston. 
Mass.. to Miss Annie K. Davis, a native of 
(Juincy, .Mass., and a daughter of Ilcnjaniin 
Long Davis, a descendant of carls and honor- 
able families of the 1'lymouth and Massachusetts 
colonies. Their family consists of an adopted 
SOn, l\oy 1'". Among the people of the section 
none stand in higher repute or have more 
numerous friends than Mr. and Mrs. P.rcnning. 


A frontier farmer and stocks-rower, a 
valiant \imrod in these \\-estern wilds when 
they were not as yet much broken to civiliza- 
tion and game- was plentiful, with an excellent 
record to his credit in each capacity, and a 
secure and enviable place in the regard of his 
fellowmen, Harmon I'.rittain of near I)a\ton 
in Sheridan county. \V\ommg. can look upon 
his life in both prospect and retrospect witli 
a large measure of satisfaction, having always 
mel its responsibilities w ith a manly and cour- 
iUS spirit and having' at hand and before him 
enough lit \\orldlv wealth and coi sideration to 
gi\c safety and sunshine to his declining years. 
II' was born in Indiana o n March 7. iS^o. his 
l>arents. \\'illiam and Rachel (McReynolds) 
I'.niiain, nali\es of Kentucky, having s.-tiled in 
that stat,' in earl) limes. Tin-re \\lien he was 
six years old his moihcr died, and ten years 
later, in 1X411, his father mo\ed to Iowa and in 
iSss ivnioud hi- familv to ( ,rnnd\ count). 
Mo. After a residence of some \cars in that 
coiintv he settled in B iint\ in the same 

state and there in I SX< > in the fulness of years 
he died and was laid to rest. Harmon I'.rittain 
grew to manhood and uas educated in Missouri, 
and for more than a i|iiarter of a century was 
there engaged in farming. In iXSi. he removed 
to \\ \oming and, locating on i '. ek in 

Sheridan county, prosecuted a vigorous and 
profitable stock industry, handling and raising 

s, until iXtjj when he removed his l>a 
operations to Johnson county, thirty miles 
south of I'.utt'alo, where he carried on the same 
enterprise. In June. [902, he came to Dayton 
and purchased a ranch adjacent to the town of 
t6o acres oi superior land, highlv improved 
and in an excellent state of cultivation, where 
lie lias a fine herd of Shorthorn cattle and also 
nearly joo horses of good breeds. A sp 
leal tire of his ranch and the industries thereon 
conducted i- an apiary of unusual proporp 
value and productiveness. It is one of the best 
in ibis section oi the country and has atti"' 
the attention of men interested in lice culture in 
main places. ( >n his land he raises large crops 
of alfalfa and other farm products, and his beau- 
tiful residence is one of the ornaments of the 
neighborhood. .Mr. l.rittain was first married 
in (iruml) county. Mo., in lSu>. with Miss 
Julia I-'.. Leonard, a Kent iickian. \\lio died OD 
mber _>7, i<ioo, leaving two children. 'Wil- 
liam ]"., the postmaster at Sheridan, and Sarah 
( .. now wife of Arthur ('. issit of I 'ass i 'reek. 
(>n lanuarv i. IMOJ. he was again married, on 
this occasion to Mrs. Xettic Shadduck. a na- 
live of Pennsylvania, the marriage being solem- 
nized at I'.ulTalo. In his career as a hunter Mr. 
Brittain has Killed twenty-two bears and 
and elk. He still pursues the sport with all the 
ardor if not all the vigor of his carh da\s and 
brings home many trophies of his skill and 

1) \\ ID P.k( K KM.\X. 

This well-known gentleman is one of Wyo- 
ming's honored pioneers, h.uing been actively 
identified \uih the industrial hisiory of the 
Great Wesl I'n.m iSi.,-. He is an \merican by 



:ng a native' of luigland where his 
liinh occurred in iS-'J. His father John 

>kmaii. was a blacksmith for the greater 
part nf his life residing in the city of Newport, 
England, where he enjoyed the reputation of 
and skillful mechanic. The mother 
died when David was two years old after which 
he lived with a sister, Mrs. Griffins, for some 
years, later making his home with an aunt, also 
a Mrs. Griffins. When still young he began to 
learn blacksmithing, in which he soon acquired 
more than ordinary efficiency and skill, work- 
in u;" at his trade in various places and carefully 
husbanding his earnings with the thought of 
emigrating to the United States, of which coun- 
try he had read much and heard many favorable 
reports, and in 1849 he took passage on a 
vessel bound for the New World and in due 
time reached his destination, where he entered 

. a new career under conditions radically 
different from those of England. Being master 
of an honorable and useful calling, from the 
time of his arrival until 1861 he worked at his 
trade in Pennsylvania. When th" Civil War 
occurred Mr. Brookman was one of the first 
young men of the place of his residence to ten- 
der his services to the government, enlisting in 
[861 in Co. D, Fifty-sixth Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, with which he shared the fortunes and 
vicissitudes of war for three years and three 
months, taking part in the noted campaigns of 
the Army of the Potomac, demonstrating his 
loyalty to the flag of his adopted country in 
some of the bloodiest battles known to history, 
prominent among them being the great battle 
of Gettysburg, where his hearing was per- 
manently impaired. In all the trying scenes 
through which he passed he never shirked a 
responsibility, however onerous, nor shrank 
from duty even though its performance were 
attended by danger and the immediate prospect 
of death. At the close of the war Mr. Brook- 
man returned to Pennsylvania and engaged in 
mining until about 1867, when he came to Wyo- 
ming. The year following his arrival he passed 
in Carbon and then changed his abode to Rock 
Springs, with the industrial growth and de- 

velopment of which he was for many years 

aciiveK identified. He has been largely in- 

ited in mining and was one of the pioneers 

of tin- industry in Sweetwater comity. He has 

seen the industry grow from an insignificant 

Tit mammoth proportions 

and not only has he been a witness of the re- 
markable development but he has been largely 
instrumental in bringing about the results which 
have made this part of Wyoming foremost 
among the rich mining regions of the west. In 
all material improvements which have marked 
the last quarter century of the county's growth, 
he has left the impress of his strong individu- 
ality upon public and private institutions as well 
as upon the industrial developments. In a 
large measure he has paved the way that others 
might follow, having been a pioneer in many 
avenues, as well as an early settler. For a 
number of years Mr. Brookman took a lively 
interest in politics and was one of the Republi- 
can leaders in Rock Springs and Sweetwater 
county, but has never been an aspirant for po- 
litical honors, although called from time to time 
to local offices in which his course was marked 
by duty ably and conscientiously discharged. 
Since 1898 he has been living in honorable re- 
tirement, enjoying the fruits of his many years 
of honest toil. His home in Rock Springs is 
presided over by an amiable wife and devoted 
helpmeet to whom he was united in wedlock in 
1894. Mrs. Brookman 's maiden name was 
Elizabeth Buchanan ; she is the daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Hazleton) Buchanan, na- 
tives of Ireland and at the time of her marriage 
to Mr. Brookman was the widow of Robert 
Harvey, who departed this life in the Emerald 
Isle in 1890. 


"Earn thy reward : the gods give naught 
to sloth," said one of the ancient sages, and 
the truth of the admonition has been strikingly 
exemplified in human affairs throughout the 
ages. The gentleman to whose life story the 
reader's attention is here invited, has by cease- 

MEN or in 


nil and endeavor attained a marked sue- 
in the business \vorld. hein- n 
of tile representative men of Che' 
where he lias maitnan 

Hu i ] Bui chnei 

irei children 

it mint;- the family of William and Louise 
i Hermann i I'.nechner. and he \\a> born on 
toiler .v. I ^40- He attended the schools of his 
natii or live years and then eanie to the 

Unit. 5, reaching this countr eptem- 

Durin- the ensuing three years he 
received instruction in the public schools and 
in Tune. iS'i.v entered an establishment at XVw- 
\". |., wL ianufacturei 

.urpose of learning this trade, rnuainin- 
'inn . if l ; iel,l cv ( 'o. for a little over 
ears, during which time he beeani.' 

i all branches of the bus : 
and earned a reputation second to no 

ill workman. In 1^7; .Mr. Bui ' . ame 

nm and accepted a p. ition i 
; ry house of Josl; ; ark, with \vhom he 

ned two and g his 

ciioii for th. '.U'ius i" 

him-.. -If. and in partnersliiji \\ith i'. 

m, under ihe firm nai' 
Zehner, ' . started 

which i e oi time 

\\. ti hit: the leading g the 

'i him at the i 

of the industry in \V\omin-. Tli part- 

nership la-ted until IS*/ when the name 
firm was change I ti Zehr lui .-hner & G . 
by which it CO ' MI until 

\\hrii Buechner \ - ame proprii 

Under l ; 
ried . .n. the he i inly ma:'- 

of tine jewelry in the Mate and it is 

of i In- trade as 


i I . I-'., and ( 'harl MHT. with 

d with the hu-iiii-ss in a 

i of ere 

ig a member of the firm. Komi the 

lining the enterprise ha, 1" --fill. 

fully meeting th. sanguine expectations 

of tho-e interested under the -killfnl mai 
ment of Mr. I'.ueclnu-r, wl -e atten- 

tion 1. 1 e\ lest 

Ih.' business increased in 

nitude i if . iperati m . he estab- 

lishment runniiiL;- at its full capacity in o 
eet the constantly in. demand- 

their hitdi-iTade yoods. and calls conic from all 
their exquisite \vorkman- 
;n enirraving and chasing. ^Fr. B 

only succeedeil to a hiuh ]>lace in the 
business circles of Cheyenne and the state but 
nally prominent in the social and political 
i the city. In iSSj he was elected to r. 
Laramie county in the Seventh Territorial 
:iid, when \\'yon:: lifted 


eral ! 

In [)olitic-- he is in his al 

to the Re|iublican party and has been prominent 
,-al and 'fairs. He is also public 

spirited and lonable pride in the 


the i ! ! ' in the confinui 

perity of the city. Mr. riuechner has been suc- 
itl in the accnmulai : ealth and is 


in the \ 

He owns a beautiful hi d his domestic re- 

lations ai ible. the 

family nmvinsj: i'i ihe :iety circles of the 

city. ! ; raternally he is a member of th. 
lent Protective ' Irder of l''.lk-. enthus 

the jirineiples of that 
nix.atioii and active in carrvin^ on- 
work in. i under its an- Mrs. 

liner wa- formerh Mi-s Lena Sel 
Xewark. X. }., in which city she m;tiTie 
husband ir 187 imioti h: 

liter, namely ; 
1,-v ( ,.. In- Father's partn man 

of excellent b;> 

me, wife of I'Vederick I. McKie. and \u 
Instils, uho hold- an important position with 
the linn hner \- Son, and who will 

join in the partnership and tread in the 


steps (if liis father, with ;i full km i\\ led^r of 
the jewelr\ business. Air. liueehner is to he 
congratulated in having two suns who so well 
adapt themselves in the business, lie has now 
spent forty years in an active service at the 
jeweler's bench. 


lohn G. Bunn, of Meriden, \\ yoming, is a 
native of Otsego county, X. Y., and was born 
on January 13, 1860, a . son of John P. and 
Sarah (Bard) Bunn, both natives of New York 
state. His father was engaged in the occupa- 
tion of farming in Otsego county and later re- 
moved to the county of Delaware, where he 
still resides, following the same occupation. The 
mother passed away during the residence of 
the family in Otsego county and lies at rest be- 
neath its sod. Mr. Bunn received his early edu- 
cation in the common schools of Otsego and 
Delaware counties. X. Y.. and remained with 
his father on the farm until he had attained tin- 
age of twenty-one years. He then engaged in 
business for himself and worked for wages as 
a farm hand in New York until 1882. He then 
resolved to seek his fortune in the West and 
came to Nebraska, where for three months he 
worked on a farm, and then secured a position 
or, the Union Pacific Railroad as a member 
of a repair crew on the line of that road as 
far as Ogden, Utah. In the fall of 1882 he 
returned to Cheyenne and was employed in 
the construction of railroad shops at that place, 
remaining in that employment until the spring 
of 1883. He came then to Lagrange. \Vyo.. 
and secured employment on the ranch of Mr. 
R. Martin, which adjoins his own home prop- 
erty. Here he remained for one year and ac- 
quired a thorough and practical knowledge of 
the stock .business from that best of all schools, 
the school of experience. In the spring of 1884 
he tools up the ranch where he now resides on 
Bear < reek, about thirty-one miles east of 
Chugwater. Here he has since made his resi- 
dence and is engaged in the profitable industries 
of cattle and horseraising. and he possesses 

one of the finest hay and stock ranches in his 
section of the state. lie owns 320 acres of 
patented land and has a tract of range land 
which he holds under lease from the state. His 
business is being steadily increased from year 
to year, and from small beginnings, by hard 
mirk, perseverance and close attention to de- 
tails he has built up a successful ranch prop- 
erty and also won the highest respect of the 
community where he resides. On November 
iH. iSS(), Mr. liunn was united in marriage 
with Miss Anna Fletcher, a native of Iowa, 
a daughter of William and Martha (Ewers) 
Fletcher, both natives of Ohio. Her parents 
early emigrated from their native state to 
Iowa, settling first in Jefferson county, and 
thev were among the very earliest of 
the pioneers of that section, where they 
followed the occupation of farming, later 
removing to the county of Decatur where 
they now reside. Mr. and Mrs. Bunn have six 
children, William, Walter, Ralph, Elsie, Arthur 
and Archie. They are all still living. Mr. Bunn is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen of 
America, being affiliated with the lodge at La- 
grange. Politically, he is a stanch member of 
the Democratic party, giving unswerving and 
loyal support to that organization, although he 
has never sought or held a political office. 


Delwin C. Burdick, of Meriden, Laramie 
county. Wyoming, is a native of Walworth 
county, Wisconsin, having been born in that 
section of the great Middle West on Decem- 
ber 27, 1856, the son of Edwin and Mary 
(Carpenter) Burdick, both natives of New York. 
His father was a physician who emigrated from 
the Empire State in 1840 to the Badger State, 
and settled in the city of Walworth and en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. He 
was one of the very earliest of the pioneers 
of that section of Wisconsin, and took a 
prominent part in the upbuilding of that fron- 
tier country. He remained at the beautiful lit- 
tle city of Walworth in an active medical prac- 



tice ii]) to the time of his <lruth in 1870. The 
mother passed away from earth at Walworth 
in iS^S, when IHT son Delwin was only two 
years of age and both his parents were buried 
in \\'al worth county. Mr. Burdick remained in 
attendance ii|ion the ])iiblic schools of Walworth 
county until the death of his father in 1870, 
when at the age of thirteen years he removed 
to .Minnesota and lived with relatives in that 
state for t\\o years, going then to Rock county, 
Wis.. where he attended the public schools, but 
being compelled to leave school at an early age, 
he secured employment in a feeclmill for four 
years, but in 1880, desiring to engage in busi- 
ness for himself he left Wisconsin for the Black 
Hills of South Dakota, where he engaged in 
mining for about one year with little success. 
The following year he returned to his early 
Wisconsin home and again secured employment 
in a feedmill and remained engaged in that 
business for about two years. In the spring of 
the year of 1883, having determined to enter 
upon a field of endeavor where there- would be 
suitable rewards for his industry and effort, 
where he would have an opportunity to estab- 
lish himself in an independent business and to 
acquire a competency, he proceeded to the ter- 
ritory ot Wyoming, where amid the more favor- 
able conditions of a new country he hoped to 
acquire a fortune. Here he took up the ranch 
which he still owns and occupies, on F.ear Creek, 
about fifty miles northeast of Cheyenne, and 
at once embarked in the business of cattle rais- 
ing. Beginning in a small way he has added to 
liis operations from year to year and by careful 
attention to business and persistent effort he 
has overcome every difficulty which he en- 
countered, and is now ihe owner of a fine ranch 
.if 4X0 acres of patented land, which is well 
stocked and in a prosperous condition. On 
November, ji), iXXij. at the city of Chcyemn-. 
Wyo.. he was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Lilly A. Burke, a native of Coimecticn! and 
the daughter of the \\< \ . W. \. I )nn ham, a naii\ e 
of Vermont, but no\\ residing in the cit \ of 
line. Wyo.. having been a resident there 
since iX<jX. M,-. Bunlick is a member of the 

Modern Woodmen of America, being affiliated 
with the lodge at Lagrangc. while Mrs. Bur- 
dick' is an active member of the I'rotestant 
Episcopal church, most earnest and devoted in 
all matters connected with church and char- 
itable work. 


A representative Swedish- American citizen 
who has prospered in the land of his adoption. 
is i .us A. Burg, a prominent resident of Wood's 
Landing, in Albany county, Wyoming. Born 
in 1844, in Sweden, he is the son of Jonas Burg, 
his parents both being natives of the same 
country. His father was born in 1801 and fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming in Sweden up 
to the time of his demise, which did not occur 
until he had arrived at the advanced age of 
ninety-five years. The mother was born in 
iSn and passed away within two 'lays of the 
death of her lifelong companion and they are 
buried side by side near the scenes oi their 
lives' activity. Gus V Burg grew to man's es- 
tate in Sweden and he there received his 
cation, attending the public schools and availing 
himself of every opportunity at his command 
for the purpose of acquiring knowledge in early 
life. When he had attained to the ig 
twenty-one years he began life for himself, on 
a farm near the paternal home, where he re- 
mained for about one year, then came to 
America to ascertain the whereabout < of an 
elder brother, who had been a soldier in the 
Civil War in this country and had not since 
been heard from. In America hi' engaged in 
\arious occupations in different localities in the 
eastern states for about one year and then came 
to ' Miiaha. N'cb.. where he remained for aboul 
one year, thence coming to Laramie, in the 
territory of Wyoming. In iXuX he engagi 
railroading, on the I "nion Pacific Railroad. 
tinning in employment up to 1874. when 
lie located the ranch he now occupies, \\hen- lie 
has since been en .raising 

first lie entered in a small way in shccpra 

ing. but subsequent!) he changed 


hi> stock and has since devoted his energies to 
cattleraising, in which he is now engaged. 
Starting' with two hundred and eighty acres 
of unimproved land he has added to his hold- 
ings, both of land and stock from year to year, 
until he is now the owner of a fine ranch con- 
sisting of over 1700 acres of land, well-fenced and 
improved, with modern buildings and all ap- 
pliances and convenience's for the successful con- 
ducting of the cattle industry, being one of the 
prosperous and thrifty property owners of the 
county. In 1884 he was united in matrimony with 
Miss Anna C. Matson, a native of Sweden. To 
their union have been born two children, Ames 
Oliver and Leonard C., both of whom are attend- 
chool in Omaha, Neb. Politically Mr. Burg 
i> a stanch adherent of the Republican party, and 
for many years he has been active in the coun- 
cils of that political organization and taken a 
leading part in the public affairs of the com- 
munity where he maintains his home. Deeply 
interested in the work of the public schools, he 
has served as a member of the school board of 
his district, and has contributed liberally of 
both his time and means to the promotion of 
every worthy measure calculated to advance the 
best interests of his section of the state. He is 
widely respected as a successful, enterprising 
and public spirited citizen. 


Hugh Burns, of Inyankara, Crook county, 
Wyoming, was born in County Donegal, Ire- 
land, on February 24, 1830, the son of John and 
Mary (Carr) Burns, whose forefathers had lived 
in the Emerald Isle for many generations, tilling 
the soil and bearing the burdens of their lot 
with patience, fidelity and cheerfulness and doing 
what they could in their unostentatious way to 
advance the interests of the community. In 
1842, when he was twelve years old, Hugh 
Burns was brought to America by his parents 
who settled in Greene county, N. Y., and there 
in the midst of the picturesque and historic Cat- 
skill Mountains they pursued the peaceful voca- 
tion of their fathers until death ended their la- 

bors. Their son Hugh began his education in 
his native land and completed it in his new 
home, win-re he remained until he was twenty- 
four years old aiding in the work on the farm. In 
1864 he sought a new country for his hopes and 
aspirations, and removing to Leavenworth, 
Kan., engaged in freighting operations between 
that city and Fort Laramie, Wyo. He con- 
ducted his operations to various cities and 
camps in Wyoming until 1867, and then halted 
at Cheyenne, then only the promise of a town 
and mainly composed of tents. From there he 
went to Fort Saunders and was there when 
Laramie was founded. He worked on ranches 
and at other occupations in that neighborhood 
until 1883 when he removed to his present ranch 
in Crook county, seventeen miles south of Sun- 
dance, where he was one' of the first settlers 
and saw much of the real hardship and priva- 
tion of pioneer life, his very ranch being part 
of a battlefield on which whites and Indians had 
fought desperately for the mastery and civiliza- 
tion had triumphed over barbarism in 1875. 
Since then nature has covered the wounds of 
that struggle with her greenest tapestry, and 
skillful husbandry has transformed the wilds 
into fruitful fields periodically white with the 
harvests of systematic industry, so that now 
what was at Mr. Burns' settlement an ahm i>t 
unbroken wilderness is one of the thickly popu- 
lated and highly cultivated sections of a great 
and growing, although still youthful state, and 
it owes its development and progress largely 
to his thrift, enterprise and influential spirit of 
advancement. He and his two sons, who have 
ranches adjoining his, have as fine a body of 
land as the county contains, and carry on one 
of the most active and profitable stock indus- 
tries in this portion of the state. In all the af- 
fairs of his locality Mr. Burns has taken a great 
interest and a leading part. He is the post- 
master at Inyankara and is looked up to as 
a man of commanding influence in all lines of 
civil and commercial life in the community. On 
January I, 1878, at Laramie, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary J. McCall. a native 
of Ireland, where her parents. Terence and Jane 



MeCall. were also born of ancestry that had 
been resident there from time immemorial. Her 
father was a prosperous slioe merchant in [re- 
land, and both of her parents have died and been 
buried there. Mr. and Mrs. Burns have two 
children, both sons, Charles and John. Ml 
the family are members of the Catholic ehntvli. 
and it is but just to say of the sons that they are 
exemplars of the business thrift and energv. 
the sterling worth and all the amenities of life 
for which their parents have been distinguished 
from their youth. 


A prominent rancher of Spring Hill, Wyo- 
ming, is fauns Carragher. who is one of the 
leading citizen- of Albany county. He was 
burn on June 12, 1854, in Livingston county. 
X. Y.. the son of John and Catherine (Carney) 
Carragher. both natives of Ireland. His father 
was a mason by trade and followed that occu- 
pation in Livingston county for many years and 
up to 1861, when he enlisted in Co. G. Eighth 
Xew York Cavalry, and went to the front in 
the great Civil War. At the battle of the Wil- 
derness he \\as captured and taken as a prisoner 
of war to Libbey prison and died there in 1804. 
The mother remained in the New Y r ork home 
and at this writing makes her home at Cale- 
donia in that state. James Carraghrr grew 1" 
man's estate in Livingston county and received 
his early education in the public schools of Cale- 
donia. After having completed his education, he 
remained at home with his mother and followed 
farming until he had attained to the age of 
twenty-four years. In tin- spring of 1870. he 
rmined to seek his fortune in the country 
farther to the west, came \<> Omaha. Neb., ac- 
cepted a position in the machine shops of the 
I'nimi Pacific Railroad and remained there for 
alxmt one year. In iSSo he removed to ( 'olo 
rado. \\here b . d in prospecting and min- 

ing in the county of Gunnison with varying SUC- 

For about fi air years. He then ah.-m.i 
the business of mining, and came to the city ot 
Denver, in the state of Colorado. lie then 

again entered the emp!o\ o) the Union Pacific 
Railway and went to the territory of Idaho, 
where he was employed as a st> >n. After 
I his engagement in Idaho he 
returned to Denver, where he remained a short 
time, and then went to Chi where he was 
as a stone-mason, securing employ- 
ment on a ranch near that city, he rema 
three years. In the fall of 1887 he came to 
Albany county, and in the spring of the follow- 
in u; year he located a ranch on Hear Creek, 
about fifty mile- snuth of Douglas. Wyo.. and 
there engaged in the business of raising cattle. 
He continued here in the cattle business with 
considerable success up to i';o, when he dis- 
posed of his ranch to good advantage and pur- 
chased his present place on Trail Creek, a tribu- 
tary of Horseshoe Creek, in Horseshoe Park, 
one of the most desirable ranch locations in the 
state. He has since that time continued to 
side on the latter ranch, and has met with suc- 
cess in his chosen industrv, being now the owner 
of 480 acres Q] 'and. well fenced and impr' 
with a modern residence ami all suitable 1 mild- 
ings and conve'niences for the carr\in^ on of 
a "eneral cattle business. His success i> due 
to his own effort .s and to the energy, ability and 
good judgment he has shown in the manage- 
ment of his ranch and stock interests. [Te is 
one of the mosl respected citizens of Mbany 
county, and has the warm friendship and es- 
teem of all who know him. On November 17. 
1899, Mr. Carragher was united in man 
,-it Cheyenne, Wyo., with Miss Margaret Mncy. 
a native of Wyoming and the daughter of Jack- 
si Hi and ' i M 1\ I M>n< . thi fi finer 

a native of Kentucky and the latter of Ohio. 
The father of Mrs. ( 'arragher was long en- 
d in tin- business in Wyoming, hav- 

ing a ranch , ' ' !heyenm I hir- 

ing the early days before the advent of tlu 
railroad, he was ,1 in freighting from 

Missouri River po the country farther 

to the west, and was a:i active and prosp, 
business man for manv \ears in Wyoming and 
one of tl ol the i 

Ib- passed a\\a\ m March. I S. r .. and lies buried 


in Cheyenne. The mother died in 187^, and lies 
by tlio side of her husband. Mrs. Carraghcr is 
a de\out iiK-mber of the 1'rotestant Kpiscopal 
church and IHT husband is a member nt the 
Roman Catholic church, lint both take active- 
interest in all works of religion and charity in 
the community where their home is located. 
Politically. Mr. Carragher is identified with 
the Democratic party, a conscientious be- 
liever in the principles of that political organiza- 
tion, although never taking a partisan position 
in local politics. 


Judge William A. Carter was born on April 
15, 1818, at Pittsylvania, Prince William county, 
Virginia, a son of Wormley and Lucinda 
(Washington) Carter, and the plantation of his 
birth had been for generations an ancestral 
heritage. The Carter family is one of the old- 
est and proudest on the roll of Virginia's 
earliest settlers, the first American ancestor, 
John Carter, the emigrant, coming to the col- 
on}- in 1641) and acquiring landed possessions 
and making his residence at Corotoman in 
Lancaster county. He soon became a man of 
importance and wealth, and in that troublous 
period of the Old Dominion's history his record 
is that of loyalty, good judgment and conserva- 
tive influence. . His son, Col. Robert Carter, at- 
tained a higher position than his father and his 
wealth was far in excess of his father's for- 
tune. In 1730 Lord Fairfax conveyed to him 
63,000 acres of the great "northern neck" of 
\ irginia, and a historian writes that "on this 
tract, around the present village of Millwood, 
settled numerous friends and relatives of the 
proprietor, bringing with them the traits of the 
lowlands." In this attractive country (one 
American writer called it "the New Arcady." i 
the Lowlanders located their families and serv- 
ants : erected the "Old Chapel" church which 
still nestles under the lofty sycamores and 
here their descendants remain to this day. Be- 
fore 1727 Col. Robert Carter, who had filled 
various important offices with dignity and capa- 

bility, was advanced from the high position of 
"president of the council" to the highest office 
in the colony, that of governor, in which office 
he was succeeded by William Gooch. His 
name is perpetuated by numerous descendants, 
identified in a marked manner with various 
places of the state, as it has been conferred on 
mountains, rivers and other localities. At the 
time of his death he was considered the wealth- 
iest man of the state. Judge Carter was a direct 
descendant in the fifth generation from Col. 
Robert Carter, but was early left an orphan, his 
father dying when his son was but seven years 
of age and leaving a widow and five children. 
William remained near his birthplace until he 
was seventeen, waxing strong and vigorous 
amid the pleasant rural surroundings and in 
the beautiful country air, receiving the educa- 
tional advantages of the country schools. While 
yet a lad his heart was filled with thoughts of 
the future and the ambition to be a leader 
among men, and it was no wonder that his 
adventurous spirit caused him to enlist in the 
U. S. army for services against the Seminole 
Indians at the above mentioned age. His 
manly bearing and strong personality impressed 
themselves upon his superiors and he was soon 
appointed sergeant in Co. A of the Second U. 
S. Dragoons. His term of service was faith- 
fully served, and after his muster-out he had 
no difficulty in obtaining the appointment of 
sutler or posttrader at a number of the U. S. 
military posts in Florida. The official roster 
of the commissioned officers serving in the 
Seminole War continued some later prominent 
names, and during Mr. Carter's residence in 
that locality he formed strong friendships with 
the young officers who, later, in the Civil War, 
acquired distinction as Generals Harney, Ord 
and Sherman. The privations and sufferings 
they endured together in the Everglades tended 
to bind more closely the bonds of unity, it be- 
ing particularly so in the case of Harney, and 
it is pleasing to note that that celebrated In- 
dian fighter passed one of the last summers of 
his life at Judge Carter's home at Fort Bridger. 
In 1842, after recovering from a severe at- 





lack (if yellow lever, he returned to Virginia 
and. in 184;,. with his brothers, John and Rich- 
ard, William A. Carter emigrated to Missouri, 
where he purchased a farm seven miles from 
Columbia in P.oone county, and engaged in 
agriculture. Mere he married on November 2, 

iS|S, Miss Mary E. Hamilton, who had just 
come to Roone county from Virginia with her 
mother's family. Their acquaintance had ex- 
isted since childhood and had ripened into love. 
The young couple resided on the homestead 
near Columbia for over two years. Mrs. Car- 
ter was a daughter of Robert and Ann F. 
(Carter) Hamilton, natives of Virginia and de- 
- . I'dants of early English, and Scotch emi- 
grants of the Colonial days, while members of 
both branches of the ancestral line participated 
in the Revolution as ardent patriots. Her 
father was a son of John and Susannah (Beale) 
1 Familton. Judge and Mrs. Carter were parents 
of six children, of whom we here enter brief 
record. \da, wife of Joseph K. Corson, a sur- 
geon in the I". S. A.; Anne F., married J. Van- 

\. Carter (now deceased); Lulie L. married 
.Maurice ( in hc >n ; \Yilliam A., married Miss 
Kate Chase of Omaha. Xeb.. and lives in Den- 
' olo. ; Roberta H., wife of \V. TT. Camp 
of Alamcda,' Cal. : Edgar X., superintendent of 
the I'. S. fish commission, who married Miss 
Povdie Faulkner, daughter of Senator Faulk- 
i W< i Virginia, and maintains his home- 
in St. Johnshury. Yt. The glittering reports 
k-oughl from California contrasted too strongly 
with the quin pastoral life of Missouri and 
again tin- adventurous spirit was awakened in 
Mr. Carter. In April, 1850, leaving his wife 
to the care of relatives h. Mailed on the long 
and dangerous o\erland journey across the 
plains and mountains for the bewitching land of 
M. and with him went his brother Richard and 
In-other in-law Richard Hamilton. A severe 
illness resulted in partial loss of sight caused 
his earl\ return to Missouri. Wild and danger- 
ous as was the trip to California, the return 
was far more difficult. The constant 
to p.'siil.'Htial miasmas and the sleepless vigi- 
rei|iiired to circumvent the sa\age men 

and dangerous animals to be contended with 
in the intricate swamps of Nicaragua soon sap- 
ped the constitution of the returning miners, 
hundreds of whom there found their last rest- 
ing place. His strong mind dominating all 
physical discomfort, Mr. Carter reached Cuba 
in August, 1851, immediately after the capture 
of the filibuster Lopez by the Spanish govern- 
ment. All arrivals in the island, especially of 
Americans, were considered those of filibuster 
tendencies, and Mr. Carter narrowly escaped 
confinement and death, but finally reached his 
home in Missouri, where for some years he 
conducted agricultural operations. When the 
military expedition against the Mormons in 
Utah was decided upon. General Harney of- 
fered Mr. Carter the post-tradership of one of 
the posts he, as commander of the department, 
was about to establish. JTarney was soon suc- 
ceeded by Gen. Albert S. Johnston, and under 
his administration Mr. Carter became post- 
trader at Fort P.ridger, W\ inning, his opera- 
tions commencing in the winter of 1857-8 in the 
camp establish' d two miles above the place 
where the fort was to be erected. In 1858 the 
site of the fort was located and work begun on 
the buildings. The poststore and trader's resi- 
dence occupied a square adjoining the officers, 
and here was Judge 'Carter's home, which in 
time became known throughout a wide area 
as the center of a bounteous hospitality. This 
title of "judge" came to him from his appoint- 
ment as I*. S. commissioner, in which judicial 
capacity he had frequently to examine and often 
commit for trial by the Federal court at Salt 
T.ake City, the lawless and dangerous men then 
frequenting this wild section. He was a firm 
and Fearless official, never swerved from duty 
li\ threats or attempted intimidation. Tn 
August. iSiti, the exigencies of the Ci\il War 
Oi ' away the garrison al Forl P.ridger. < 
lain Clark of the quartermaster's department 
with one pri\ left in charge of the gov- 

ernmi nt pri ipei i \ until the when 

lu- too wa 1 east. At his urgent request 

Judge Carter assumed the transportation of 
the government propcrlv to 1 lenvcr. This un- 


dcrtaking required forty wagons and besides 
arming each driver a guard of twenty selected 
men accompanied the train. From Denver 
Judge Carter hastily returned to Fort Bridger 
where the departure of the troops had left no 
security for the safety of life or property. 
Bands of Indians were committing outrages 
and there was nothing to check their ravages. 
Millersville, the station east of Fort Bridger, 
was burned, herds of horses were stolen and 
fears were entertained for the safety of the 
fort. To meet this emergency Judge Carter 
organized a company of sixty men from the set- 
tlers and employes of the Overland Stage Co. 
and himself, and purchasing arms for the outfit 
at his own expense he converted a portion of 
his store building into an armory and drill 
room and daily drills were initiated. Although 
having no governmental authority, the installa- 
tion of this company maintained order and 
peace, and safely protected both private and 
public property until the arrival of a company 
of California volunteers in December, 1862, 
ended the necessity of its existence. General 
Conner, commander of this military department, 
under an erroneous impression reported to the 
\\"ar Department that Judge Carter was actuated 
bv selfish and mercenary ends in this matter, 
but on visiting the field was convinced that the 
action was a patriotic and praiseworthy one, 
became one of the warmest friends of the 
judge, and becoming convinced that the 
stories of Indian depreciations sent him by 
Judge Carter did not magnify the danger, in 
the spring of 1863 organized an expedition to 
punish and conquer the savages. At this time, 
and through the whole of the Civil War period, 
Judge Carter was in constant and dangerous 
activity. He was then a special agent of the 
U. S. P. O. department for the inspection of 
the handling of the mails, his duties calling him 
frequently over the wild route of the Overland 
Stage Co., and sometimes to the Pacific coast. 
As the stages were not infrequently attacked 
by Indians, he had his share of excitement and 
often numerous escapes from death. But his 
cool and undaunted courage never faltered and 

not ;i duty was iiegleru-d and his entire course 
was heartily approved by his supp<>riers. Fore- 
seeing the departure nf ihe troops Judge Car- 
ter had disposed of nearly all of his goods prior 
to that event, realizing that in such an emer- 
gency as then confronted him an intelligent 
business man should so arrange his property as 
to make it come under adequate protection, and 
had invested in other fields and enterprises. As 
early as March, 1867. he had begun to locate 
mining claims and was successful in obtaining 
valuable properties in the rich mineral region 
of South Pass, still keeping Fort Bridger as 
his home and base of operations. When peace 
was declared, immigration again commenced 
into the west, the various branches of indus- 
trial activity took on new life and in this prog- 
ress and development, especially in the region 
around about Fort Bridger, Judge Carter was 
a forceful agent. On the discovery of gold at 
South Pass, he fitted out and equipped a num- 
ber of prospecting parties ; when oil was dis- 
covered in a spring in Uinta county not far 
from Fort Bridger he utilized this product, with 
a small still producing and refining enough oil 
for illuminating purposes at the fort before the 
advent of the Union Pacific Railroad. He was 
the first person to engage in the manufacture 
ot lumber in Western Wyoming. He engaged 
extensively as a pioneer in cattleraising and 
was one of the earliest to note and take ad- 
vantage of its wondrous possibilities. In many 
other and widely varying fields of commercial 
activity he demonstrated his faith in the capa- 
bilities and productiveness of his part of the 
western territory and success crowned his ef- 
forts in a high degree. His plans were far 
reaching, wise and sagacious. Although cool, 
carefid and conservative, whenever his judg- 
ment approved a business venture he gave to 
it the whole force of his energetic nature and 
persistently carried it to a successful comple- 
tion. He took a prominent part in the efforts 
made to organize the territory of Wyoming, 
and, from his opportunities and the character 
of his extensive acquaintance, was largely re- 
sponsible for its establishment. At that time 



his winters were passed in Xe\v York and 
Washington and his personal connection with 
prominent public men and statesmen stood in 
good stead in the carrying out of this wise de- 
sign, which meant so much in advancing the 
progress of civilization in this land of his adop- 
tion. During the winter of 1867-8 he devoted 
his time and means freely to acquainting mem- 
bers of Congress with the true conditions of 
the land, and the rights of the people of Wyo- 
ming to a representation in the councils of the 
nation. His labor was successful and when the 
boundaries of the territory were established his 
efforts located its western line. He was so 
prominently connected with the formation of 
the territory that President Grant offered to 
commission him as its first governor, an exalted 
honor, which he declined, as the duties would 
deprive him too much of that domestic life 
that was to him the highest charm of existence. 
Although his successful business operations 
were extensive and multitudinous, they were so 
systematically arranged that during his later 
\ears he devoted himself largely to the enjoy- 
ment of the wealth his ability had produced. His 
greatest pleasure lay in lavishly entertaining 
the numerous friends with whom he was united 
as with bands of steel, and in his hospitable resi- 
dence at Fort Bridger many of America's most 
prominent people have enjoyed the pleasant 
society of the Judge and of his excellent wife, 
wln> ably seconded and aided her husband in his 
undertakings, dispensing a hospitality as 
bountiful as that of royalty. Among their 
friends and visitors were the distinguished sci- 
entists, 1'rofessors Leidy. Marsh and Cope, 
( .enerals Hartley, Sherman. < >rd and Cook, and 
the great railroad magnates and financiers, John 
\V. and Robert Carrel t of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad, Jay Could and Sidney Dillon. With 
such friends and companions life passed pleas- 
antly and usefully until November 7. iSSi. 
when, in his sixty-third year, htdge Carter was 
called from earth to those activities that have- 
no weariness and mourning rested upon all the 
people. < >l" southern birth Judge Carter deeply 
sympathized with the South in the troubles 

antedating -and accompanying the \Yar of 

Secession, but his haired of negro slavery and 
love of country united him with the most ar- 
dent supporters of the Cnion. Always in 
politics a strong supporter of the Republican 
party and deeply interested in public man 
yet his ardent love of domestic life caused him 
to decline all nominations to office or elective 
public trusts. His moral courage, tried in many 
occasions, was never found wanting. Neutrality 
was impossible to him, for he never shirked a 
duty or an issue. . His latent resources under 
the stimuli of difficulty and opposition were 
always equal to the demands made upon him 
in meeting weighty responsibilities and bearing 
the heavy burdens involved. He possessed the 
fine feelings so characteristic of Virginia birth 
and breeding and was intensely loyal to his 
friends. As there is an inspiration to others 
in the achievements of such men. we gather 
this review of the salient points of the life of 
Judge Carter and lay it as an honorable record 
where its influence may descend with helpful 
strength to other generations. His memory 
will long be cherished and his life is a part 
of the history of the state. 


After years of wandering and working in 
various places, pushing one enterprise after 
another with characteristic energy and winning 
success from many hard conditions through 
clearness of vision and resoluteness of purpose, 
I 'red L. Clark of near Invankara. Crook county. 
\Yvoming. at length halted his wear} Feel in one 
of the most pictures, | U r and desirable sections 
of his last ado] .led state and is there engaged 
in a profitable and extensive business, raising 
cattle in large numbers and of superior grades, 
constantly enlarging his herds and improving 
their qualitv. Mr. Clark's life began OH 
cember 22, lS;>). in Lake COUnty, < >hio. where 
his parents. Nathan and Margaret (Tinml 
Clark, passed the years of their maturity, the 
mother d\ing in [866 and the father in 
up to which time he carried on a high-grade 



merchant tailoring establishment, .doing busi- 
ness in Cleveland, although residing at \Yil- 
loughby, a beautiful lake town about twenty- 
five miles distant. Here their son Fred attended 
school and after finishing his education he 
clerked in stores, living with his father until 
ho was twenty- four years of age. In 1882 the love 
of adventure, a spirit of independence and a thirst 
for larger opportunities and a freer life attract- 
ed him to the far west, and he came to Hailey, 
Idaho, and collecting there a fine herd of milch 
cows he opened a dairy business which he con- 
ducted through the summer, taking his cattle 
to Boise City in the fall and disposing of them 
at that place and turning his attention to the 
stock business, handling blooded horses and 
cattle, later entering a general store as a clerk 
until the summer of 1889, when he came over- 
land to northern Wyoming and located a home- 
stead in Crook county fourteen miles south of 
Sundance, where he remained engaged in stock- 
raising until the fall of 1899, when he sold the 
ranch and bought the one on which he now 
lives, eighteen miles south of Sundance, at the 
foot of Mt. Kara. Lying among the hills with 
a pleasing and advantageous succession of up- 
land and plain, it is well watered, produces large 
crops of hay and grain and has an unusually 
fine body of grazing ground. The home place 
contains 480 acres and Mr. Clark controls about 
800 more, all of which are under tribute to his 
extensive cattle business, which is one of the 
largest and most renowned in that part of the 
state. In addition to its natural beauty and 
interest, the section of country in which Mr. 
Clark's ranch is located has historic associations 
and suggestions of value. What is known as 
Custer's trail runs by the ranch, marking the 
route of the distinguished but unfortunate gen- 
eral when in pursuit of the Indians. His name 
is cut in bold letters on the bald rock far up the 
mountain side, and it is said that inscription 
was the cutting of the general's own hand. 
April 18, 1889, witnessed the marriage of Mr. 
Clark to Miss Ollie Thompson, who was born 
in Colchester, 111., in 1870, the ceremony being 
performed at Soda Springs, Idaho, and the 

bride was a daughter of Michael S. and Nancy 
(Dunsworth) Thompson, members of pioneer 
families in the great Prairie State, who settled 
in Idaho in 1884 and went to ranching near 
Boise City, where Mr. Thompson now resides, 
his capable wife having passed into the Eternal 
Silence in 1902. Mr. and Mrs. Clark have had 
four children, Nathan S., John V., Delia B., de- 
ceased, and Ethel L. Politically Mr. Clark af- 
filiates with the Republican party, but is more 
concerned for the advancement of the com- 
munity than party triumphs and he is held in 
high esteem throughout a large scope of 


Enjoying distinctive prestige as one of the 
representative farmers and stockraisers of 
Laramie county, Wyoming, and standing as a 
leading citizen of the community in which he 
resides, Mr. John Cameron owes his success 
entirely to his own efforts and is clearly en- 
titled to the proud American appellation of self- 
made man. The story of his life is easily told, 
for into his career have entered no thrilling ex- 
periences, his every action standing open to the 
closest scrutiny and most critical judgment of 
men, not an eventful life, but one that has not 
been denied a goodly harvest. John Cameron 
hails from far-away Scotland, and is a notable 
example of the wholesome influence which the 
sturdy Scotch element has exercised upon our 
industrial and national life. His father, James 
Cameron, was a forester of Perthshire, dying 
in Scotland in 1884. The maiden name of the 
mother was Elizabeth McAntish : she also lived 
and died in Perthshire, where her son John was 
born, on May 14, 1856, and he received his early 
educational discipline in such schools as his 
neighborhood afforded, growing up amid the 
bracing air of outdoor life, strong of body and 
independent of spirit and until his eighteenth 
year he remained under the parental roof, con- 
tributing his share to the family's support. In 
1874 he was enabled to carry out a desire of 
long standing and bidding farewell to the ro- 
mantic scenes of his childhood he turned his 


Eaci to tin' new world and entered upon a new 
destiny. Reaching the United States after an 
uneventful voyage, young Cameron proceeded 
at nnce to San Francisco, Cal., thence to Los 
Angeles, near which city he soon secured em- 
plovment on a cattle ranch. After remaining 
on the Pacific coast until 1880, he went to Lari- 
mer county, Colo., where he followed agricul- 
tural pursuits about six years, thence removing 
to Wyoming, of which state he has since been 
an honored resident. On coming to Wyoming 
Mr. Cameron made a judicious selection of land 
on the North Platte River, twenty miles east of 
!'< irt Laramie, taking up and buying 564 acres, 
admirably situated for agricultural and graz- 
ing purposes. He has reduced a part of his 
ranch to successful cultivation, besides making 
a number of valuable improvements, his place 
and the buildings in general comparing favor- 
ably with the leading properties of the kind in 
this part of the state. He has made commend- 
able progress in the stock industry, and from 
ihe beginning his career presents ;i series of 
continued successes until he stands to-day 
among the leading cattle men in the county of 
Laramie, being a practical man of progressive 
ideas and supervising with the greatest of care- 
bis large interests. He bears the highest repu- 
tation for enterprising methods and is widely 
med by the stockmen of this section and 
all other classes of people with whom he has 
relations. He manages his affairs on strictly 
business principles, is systematic and methodi- 
cal and close attention to details, capability and 
fair dealing have brought to him not only a high 
degree of success, but the confidence of the 
public. Mr. Cameron has read much and is a 
close undent of current and political <|iiestioiis, 
especially those bearing on state and national 
legislation. He is the recognized 1 )eniocratic 
leader of the precinct in which he lives and has 
long been in close touch with the management 
of the party throughout the county. His deep 
interest in local and state politics has brought 
him to the front as a successful party worker 
and in a number of campaigns he has done 

much to promote the success of the ticket. 
From iScjfi to 1898 inclusive he served as a 
justice of the peace while for four and one-half 
years he was the popular postmaster at Tor- 
rington, holding the office until the railroad 
was completed, when it was located in a station 
bearing the same name. In promoting and 
carrying to successful completion public enter- 
prises, especially those affecting the material 
development of the country, Mr. Cameron has 
been a leading spirit. He helped organize the 
Torrington Ditch Co., which has proved such 
a benefit in irrigating and reclaiming a large 
part of Laramie county, and for ten years has 
been the secretary of the corporation and one 
of its largest stockholders. He has assisted to 
the limit qf his ability other measures for the 
general good, and his influence is invariably 
exerted in behalf of any enterprise calculated to 
improve the moral and social conduct of the 
people and advance the standard of citizenship. 
While on a visit to his native land in 1878, Mr. 
Cameron was initiated in the Ancient Order of 
Free and Accepted Masonry and has been 
an active worker of the mystic tie ever since, 
belonging to Scotts Bluff Lodge, No. 201. He 
was reared rather rigidly in tin- strict faith of 
the Scotch Presbyterian church and has always 
been loyal to its teachings and precepts. He and 
wife were members of the church and active in 
the good work of the congregation with which 
they are identified. Mr. Cameron entered mar- 
riage relations at Fort Collins, Colo., on June 
-' '88^. with Miss Mary Watson, also a native 
of Scotland and daughter of John and Jane 
I.McKcnxic) Watson, both her parents Hung 
and dying in that country. Two children came 
to their marriage, Paul and Tanc Mcl\> 
Cameron. Mrs. < ameron died of consum] 
alter a lingering illness, on [line ~. 10OJ, and 
she was interred in West Lawn cemetery at 
< iering. Scott's I'.lnlT conntv, Xeb., passing 
to those activities which ha\e no weariness with 
the cordial love and blessings of an unusually 
large number ol personal irieiid-. who highly 

pri/ed her many excellent traits oi character. 




Hon. John < ,. Casey, mayor of Kemmerer, 
\\ \ oining. is a native of \\'ati'rti >\vn, \\'is.. born 
in 1X^4, the son of Matthew and Susan ( Milick) 
Casey. Matthew Casey was horn in Rosscom- 
nion comity, Ireland, and was a thrifty farmer. 
\\ho emigrating from Ireland settled at Water- 
town. \\ is., where his thrift made farming suc- 
cessful for him until his death at the ripe age 
of 76. Mayor Casey's mother was born in the 
same place as his father, with whom she was 
married in Watertown, Wis., .where she still 
resides, both herself and her husband beiii:; 
devout members of the Catholic church. John 
G. Casey remained with his parents until his 
thirty-fifth year, when he went to Laramie, 
WYO., and opened a saloon, which he conducted 
until 1890, when he went to Ogden, Utah, and 
followed the same business there for nine years 
after which he moved to Kemmerer, Wyo.. 
where he has since lived conducting the same 
vocation. His citizenship is so satisfactory to 
his townsmen that they have made him their 
mayor and his popularity is ever in evidence 
and he is a member of the fraternal lodges of 
the Eagles and the Elks of Rock Springs, Wyo. 
Mr. Case}- was married in 1882 with Minnie 
Sutherland, daughter of August Sutherland and 
a native of Sweden. The couple have had four 
children : Edward ; George, now deceased ; Har- 
ry ; Margaret. 


This prominent attorney and citizen of 
Kemmerer, Wyoming, is a native of England, 
born in 1857, the son of Charles and Amelia 
( Bachelor) Christmas. The father, a capitalist 
and man of affairs, was born in Hampshire, Eng- 
land, and came to America in 1873, locating at 
Grand Haven, Mich., where he lived mostly in 
retirement but prosperously managed his own 
business, being a successful financier and hav- 
ing interests in London, Michigan and Minne- 
sota. He was a Republican in politics but 
would never accept public office, though asked 

to do SO, dying in iSSjj at the age of /O years, 
lieiiiL; a member of the Episcopal church and 
devoted to his home and the education of his 
children. His father was an English county 
s(|iiire and capitalist who died at the venerable 
age of ninetj two \ears and was buried at Lip- 
book, Kn^land. Mrs. Amelia (Bachelor) Christ- 
mas was born at Guilfort, England, in which 
land she was married and died in 1883, at 
Coopersville, Mich., and was buried at Grand 
Haven, aged sixty-five years, being a devoted 
member of the Episcopal church, in whose af- 
fairs she took an active part, and a model wife 
and mother, who left four sons and four daugh- 
ters, her own parents both dying early in life. 
Horace E. Christmas was educated at Ackender 
College. Hampshire, England, where he was 
graduated in 1873, thence coming with his par- 
ents to Grand Haven. Mich., where he was en- 
gaged in the lumber business for about three 
vears, after which he accepted a position as 
cashier of the American Express Co., at Grand 
Haven and remained in it until iSSi. when he 
went to Omaha. Xeb.. with S. R. Callaway, the 
general manager of the Union Pacific Railroad, 
and took up the duties of clerk in the purchas- 
ing and supply department of the road, in which 
he continued until 1884 when he was made chief 
clerk of the coal department under D. O. Clark. 
This position he held until 1891 when he became 
the assistant cashier of the First National Bank 
of Rock Springs, Wyo., and so continued until 
1895. Meanwhile having studied law, he was 
admitted to practice in the Supreme and Dis- 
trict Courts in this year. Law was now his busi- 
ness and profession, and after a short practice 
of it at Rock Springs he moved to Kemmerer 
and has since resided there. Colonel Christmas 
is a Republican and has always refused to stand 
for any elective office, but was appointed post- 
master at Kemmerer. His fraternal affiliations 
are with the Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen 
of the World and the Eagles. He received a 
military training in England and has alwav- 
been actively interested in military affairs. In 
Michigan he took a prominent and important 
part in the Second Regiment of the Michigan, 



National i iuard. later organizing the First Xa- 
tional ( iuard of Wyoming of which he was 
colonel fur five years. lie held command (by 
courtes; < oi the Seventh and Eighth I'nited 
States Infantry at Fort Logan and Fort Mil- 
sell, \Y\o., and has alwa\s brought enthusiasm 
as well as knowledge and skill to his military 
work, being a man of fine bearing and cour- 
teous and pleasant manners. Colonel Christ- 
mas married in iSSo. with Margaret ). Leggat. 
i native of < ir.-nd Haven, Mich., daughter of 
Roberl and Cornelia i. \verv) Leggat, Her 
lather has large mining interests in Bmie, 
.Mont., and her mother, no\v deceased, was buried 
at Crand Haven. Seven children enlarge and 
brighten this family circle, Robert, Charles \.. 
John A.. Frank M.. Marian, Margaret and 

J( )ll\ C. COI'.LE. 

i hie of the most successful stockmen of 
\lham county, whose address is Bosler, \Y\o- 
ming, is the subject of this sketch review, and 
a native of Carlisle, I'a., his birth occurring on 
Imii- j, iS;S, the son of John and Hettie (\YH- 
liainsi ('ol)Ie. prominent and highly respected 
citizens of that slate. John C. Coble grew to 
man's estate at Carlisle, there received his early 
education in the public schools and suhse 
i|uently attending Duffs College, also Cham- 
bersbnrg Academy at Pittsburg, also Dickinson 
College, al i arlisli Pa., and pursuing thorough 
courses ni study at these institutions, being 
graduated in the class of '~(>. Desiring to avail 
himsi-lf of more favorable business conditions 
than he found in his native state, he left the 
home of his childhood and early manhood and 
wenl to tin \orth Platte valle\ of N'cbraska 
anil entered upon the business of raising cattle 
until the following year and then removed his 
residence to the Powdei River country in John- 
son coimn, \V\o. Ilere In- contimied the same 
industry and met with great success, remaining 
in that locality until 1887. when he removed to 
Albam i-uni\, when- he now resides. From 
small beginnings he has increased his herds and 
landed p' issessious until he is iio\\ one of tin- 

largest property o "ii of the 

state. Tlis success and present standing in the 
community as a prosperous man of business has 
been due entirely to his own efforts, and to the 
industry, ability and good judgment with which 
he lias handled his operations. Tie has 

^elusive attention to the cattle business to 
the neglect oi all other branches of industry, 

natter how inviting as money-making ven- 
tures, and has kept down the jes of his 
enti rprise within reasonable limits. It is to this 
feature of economical management that he at- 
tributes a large measure of his remarkable suc- 
cess, holding firmly to the belief that the ma- 
jority of failures in the stock industry are d: 
ly due to the lack of safe and economical meth- 
ods of carrying on the business. His own suc- 
cess in all his business transactions would 51 
to vindicate his judgment. I le is now the owner 
of immense tracts of laud in Albany county and 
other sections of the state and is one of tin- 
solid and most substantial business men and 
property owners of \V\oming. For many 
he has been conducting experiments in the 

of line breeds of cattle and hoi 1 has 

a large number of the finest and most valuable 
animals in Wyoming, his especial pride being 
thoroughbred stallions and high cl attic. 

He carries on his business operations under the 
name of the Iron Mountain Ranch Co., and his 
home ranch is one of the most peri, 
equipped places for stockraising on a lai 
Mr. Coble has in n married and fi- 

nally he is affiliated with the Benevolent and 
Protective ' >rder oJ F.lU.s and with the Ma 
order, taking a deep interest in fraternal life. 
No one iii \lham cotmt\ has done more to pro- 
Mi growth Hid develi ipment of his 

tion or to promote the welfare oi i' 

I'ublic spirited, progressive in his ideas .md 
cuterpn-ii'v and Straightforw ml in hi- 
metlioiN. Mr. Coble stands high in the esteem 
of all classes of his fellow cit 

ih'- besi type -i ill successful men of the 
\Yesi. A man of i har- 

acter, he might be prominent in the political life 
of his siate if his ambitions led him in that di- 

PROGR1 SSIl I ME \ 01 W\ OM 

rectii.n, lint thus far IK- lias preferred to give 
his entire time and attention to the care and 
management of his extensive business interests 
and to leave public affairs in other hands. 


The gentleman whose biography is set forth 
in the following lines is a western man by birth 
and education and his life has been very closely 
identified with the states of Colorado and Wyo- 
ming. His father, John G. Coy, was a native 
of Xew York and the mother whose maiden 
name was Emily Adams was born in England. 
These parents came west in 1860 settling in 
Larimer county. Colo., where .Mr. Coy pur- 
chased land and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits about one mile from Fort Collins, and his 
son William B. was born at the latter place on 
August 21, 1867, and remained with his parents 
until about twenty years old, meanwhile attend- 
ing the schools of Fort Collins, acquiring a fair 
knowledge of the fundamental branches of 
study. He was reared to farm labor and early 
learned to place a true estimate on honest toil, 
the lessons thus learned proving Of great prac- 
tical value when he left home to seek his own 
fortune. In July, 1887, Mr. Coy came to Lara- 
mie county, Wyo., and located on his present 
ranch, to which his father had laid claim three 
years previi itisly, and from that date to the pres- 
ent time he has been actively engaged in farm- 
ing and stockraising, realizing liberal results 
from both vocations. In 1888 he took up land 
adjoining his place and now owns 720 acres, all 
admirably situated for grazing purposes, being 
well watered and overgrown with a dense 
growth of the nutritious grasses on which stock 
feeds readily and fattens so quickly. When Mr. 
Coy first came to Wyoming he was in partner- 
ship with his father, but the relation termin- 
ated in 1893, since which time he has carried on 
business alone, meeting with gratifying success. 
He pays especial attention to cattle and horses, 
and from a small beginning has steadily but 
surely widened the area of his operations, until 
he is now classed with the enterprising ranch- 

in, 'ii <>i" liis seriinn, his place being well stocked 
with a fine grade of animals, while the future 
null i iok is mo- 1 encouraging. Mr. Coy is a true 
son oJ" tin- \Yest, imbued \\iili tin- broad mind 
and progressive, character of the wide-awake 
men of this great region, and possesses those 
sterling qualities of head and heart which in- 
sure not only financial success, but the con- 
fidence and esteem of the public. He is popular 
in his community and ready at all times to con- 
tribute his influence to any movement for the 
good of his fellowmen, and those who know him 
best speak in complimentary terms of his hon- 
orable business course and manly character. 
On February 10, 1891, Mr. Coy and Miss Belle 
Paddock were united in marriage near the town 
of Minatare, Neb. Mrs. Coy is a native of Ver- 
mont, the daughter of Harmon X. and Harriet 
(Baldwin) Paddock, and both parents were born 
and reared in Vermont. The family moved to 
Xebraska in 1886 and after three years there 
came to Wyoming, settling on the Platte River 
where Mr. Paddock followed farming until his 
death on January 22, 1901. Mrs. Paddock now 
makes her .home with Mrs. Coy. Two bright 
children have greatly added to the interest and 
happiness of this home circle ; their names being 
Floyd X. and Alice E. 


One of the successful mining men of Wyo- 
ming. Arthur H. Crow, of Encampment, is 
one of the progressive and enterprising citizens 
who have recently brought the southern por- 
tion of that state into prominence as a mining 
section. He was born on December 28, 1872, 
at Tama City, Iowa, the son of Jonathan S. and 
Marilla L. (Montgomery) Crow, both natives 
of Springfield, Ohio. The paternal grandfather 
was also a native of Springfield, and his wife 
was a member of the well-known Yager family 
of Pennsylvania. This family came originally 
from Holland to Pennsylvania during the early 
colonial period. The Crow family came from 
Scotland, and settled in Xew England during 
the early days of the Massachusetts colony, 



members of the family subsequently removing 
to ( )hio. where they were among tin- earliesi 
pioneers. Shortly before the Civil War, the pa- 
ternal grandfather, Mathias Crow, disposed of 
his property in Springfield, Ohio, and went to Il- 
linois, where Jonathan S. Crow, the father of 
ill, subject of this sketch, who was the eldest 
son of the family, enlisted in tSdi in the Thirty- 
fourtli Illinois Regiment, lie saw a great deal 
of active service during his army life and was 
a participant in the battles of Shiloh and Gettys- 
burg, and was in the army of Sherman on his 
march to the sea. He served throughout the 
entire war. and was mustered out in 1865 with 
the ranis of first .sergeant. He then returned to 
his former home at Sterling, 111., and engaged 
in farming until 1870, when he disposed of his 
property in Illinois, and removed, to Iowa, lo- 
cated at Tama City, and continued in the oc- 
cupation of farming for about two years, then 
going to Nebraska, where he established his 
home in Howard county and continued sue- 
nlly in his former pursuits of farming and 
stockraising. After a residence here of about 
eight years, he disposed of his farms and en- 
gaged in railroad contracting, lie was success 
ful in this business, in which he remained for 
about eight years. lie then purchased a stock 
ranch in Valley county. Neb., where he en- 
gaged in stockraising, in which he continued 
to be employed until the time of his death on 
March ,;, iSijj. lie left a family of eight chil- 
dren. Arthur H. Crow was the fourth son and 
hi- grew to man's estate at St. Paul, Neb., ac- 
quired his elementary education in the public 
schools of that place and completed his educa- 
tion at the Normal School of Lincoln, and upon 
his graduation from that institution, he engaged 
in the stock and grain business in Lineoln in 
partnership \\ith .Mr. ( '. M. Jaques. They con 
tinned in successful business until iS'i'i. when 
they sold their interests there, ami removed to 
the young city of Encampment, \Yv<>., where 
they acquired large interests in valuable mining 
property. Since that time they have been en 
imaged in mining, being uniformly successful 
in their operations. Mr. Crow is now the 

era! manager, a director and a principal owner 
of the lllanche Copper Mining Co., which owns 
valuable mining claims adjoining the New 
Rambler n lie is also a director and the 

superintendent of the Copper King Mining Co., 
and a lav tocl holdi i in the Verde Copper 
Mining Co., which owns one of the finest prop- 
erties in the new copper district. ( >n May 2O, 
89 . Mr. Crow was united in marriage with 
Miss Minnie M. Turner, a native of Missouri, 
and the daughter of J. J. Turner, wlm 
quently removed with his family from Missouri 
to Nebraska, where he engaged in farming and 
stockraising with great success and is now I 
tired. Three children have been born to bless 
the home life of Mr. and Airs. Crow. Arthur. 
Margaret and John, deceased. Their bor 
Encampment is noted for its hospitality. Fra- 
ternally. Mr. Crow is affiliated with the order 
of Freemasonry and with the Knights of Pythias 
and the Modern Woodmen of America. 
takes an active interest in all work of charity 
and fraternity. 


Standing distinctly as one of the alert and 
progressive men of Laramie county, heinv, 
largely interested in agricultural pursuits and 
in the stock industry, and in a public way identi- 
fied with enterprise-, tint ' me much 
towards developing this part of the country and 
making for the general welfare, Mr. William 
i i. Curtis is a native <>f Connecticut- where his 
ancestors settled in Colonial times, emigrating 
to this country from England. Ill's father. 
Lucius Curtis, was born and reared in Connec- 
ticut and there followed fanning until his < 
in iSSi). Ilis wife was before her man 
Miss Marv Cleveland; : her husband 
to the grave, dyi ^,-pi< mher __>. 1*57. 
\\hen her son William C. was but five days old. 
He was born in the city of Waterhury. Conn., 
on September 17, 1857. and h> the pub- 
lic scl Is of his native town early but did not 

attend them long i-nough |o complete the pre- 
scribed course, laxini; aside his studies when 



tuelve years old to work in a i al Bridge- 

port. For Mime time thereafter Ik' was engagi 'i 
in different manufacturing establishments of 
hardware- and cntlerv, working prini-i])a11y in 
I'.rid^eport, Torrington and Mcriden until 18*3, 
and with tlu- exception of a few months at farm 
labor in Illinois, In- worked at mechanical pur- 
suits until coming west, passing about ten years 
in the I'nion hardware factory at Torrington. 
In 1883 Mr. Curtis resigned his position to see 
some-thin!;- of the- country and for nearly a year 
thereafter traveled quite extensively over the 
eastern, middle and southern states, visiting 
many places of interest and greatly enlarging 
his knowledge before the expiration of his tour, 
going as far west as Colorado, where he passed 
about three months working on a ranch and 
on September 17. 1884, the twenty-seventh an- 
niversary of his birth, he arrived on the Platte 
River, Wyoming, one mile from his present 
place of residence, and there took up a tract 
of land for ranching purposes, coming hither to 
help build the North Plafte ditch, incorporated 
by Colorado people, Mr. Curtis also becoming 
a stockholder in it. This ditch, thirteen miles 
long, has been of inestimable value in making 
habitable a large area of exceedingly fertile 
soil which without water would probably have 
lain as useless land for years. Two years after 
locating his place he began a general system of 
improvements which greatly enhanced its value, 
meantime devoting his energies to stockraising, 
farming and irrigation, making agriculture . a 
very profitable undertaking. Mr. Curtis lived on 
his first location until June, 1901, when he 
moved to his present ranch at Torrington sta- 
tion, where he had previously erected one of 
the finest country residences of the state and 
other buildings in keeping therewith. His 
house, a model of architectural beauty, supplied 
as it is with all the comforts and modern con- 
veniences which ample means can procure, is 
not only the handsomest private dwelling in the 
Platte Valley, but it is doubtful if in the state 
outside of the larger cities its equal can be 
found. Mr. Curtis has attained such financial suc- 
cess as few acquire in a much longer lifetime. 

and certainly he has not been sparing of his 
wealth for the pleasure and satisfaction of him- 
self and family. Meeting with rich rewards in 
the first irrigating enterprise with which he was 
connected. Mr. Curtis, in l8go, was led to un- 
dertake another one, inaugurating and incor- 
porating the Torrington Ditch Co., in that year. 
The ditch of this company was coinpleted in 
due linn- ten and one-half miles in length and 
it has also been the means of reclaiming a large 
area of country, which for fertility and agri- 
cultural purposes is not excelled in the state. 
Mr. Curtis gave personal attention to the work 
and named the ditch "Torrington'' in compli- 
ment to the city in Connecticut where he lived 
for so many years as a factory hand. The en- 
terprise bears the impress of his strong per- 
sonality, and his judgment and progressive busi- 
ness methods have been the principal factors 
of its success. The career of Mr. Curtis since 
coming to \Yyoming has few if any parallels in 
the state. His rise from a modest beginning 
and rapid progress to a position of honor and 
affluence in the business world and the high 
reputation he has gained as a public benefactor, 
attest a mind of wide scope and a leadership 
which all are ready to acknowledge. He is 
a far-sighted business man, knowing how to 
take advantage of opportunities and mould 
them to his purpose and where they do not ex- 
ist he possesses the rare power of creating them. 
The people are under a heavy debt of gratitude 
to him for his achievements in their behalf and 
they have not been slow in their recognition of 
his services, for in 1902 he was nominated and 
elected to the lower house of the State Legis- 
lature, giving valued labors for his constituents. 
The home ranch of Mr. Curtis consists of 213 
acres of fine land, it is all irrigable and the 
greater part under a high state of cultivation. 
He also owns 960 acres of grazing land, also 
well watered and exceedingly fertile. In his 
agricultural work he employs the most modern 
methods, and as a stock-raiser easily ranks with 
the leading men of that great industry in the 
state. He makes a specialty of fine cattle and 
spares no pains to improve his breeds, having 


some nf the most valuable animals i if the 
county. While deeply interested in business and 
public enterprises, .Mr. ('urtis lias not been un- 
mindfnl of the duties nf a neighbor ami citizen. 
being a most Denial companimi, ever ready in 
help a friend or lend his intlnence to am move- 
menl For tlu- good of his fellowmcn. lie is 
one of the leading Republican politicians o) 
aramii county, never failing to take an active 
interest in party affairs, thus setting an ex- 
ample every true citi/en should follow. lie is 
a member of the lodge of the Woodmen of the 
Win-Id iif Scotts Pduft's. his only fraternal as- 
sociation. The presiding genius nf Air. Curtis's 
nit lii uiie is an intelligent and cultured lady, 
with whom he \v-as wedded at Avon. ( Vmn.. 
on lime 17, 1879. Her maiden name was .Miss 
iwner. and her parents, \\"illiam and 
belli l Wat son l Downer, were also born 
in * oiinccticut. Two children have blessed the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. t'urtis. Matlie. now 
the wife of Lee Root, born April ^:,. i XSo, and 
Elsie, whose birth occurred on March 17, iSf'_>. 
who lias passed from earth and was laid to rest 
: ii the beautiful cemetery at Auburn. X. Y. 


< >:ie of the Dalv brothers of I iillette. leading 
merchants and stockmen. James II. Daly, has 
had an inter' stin and varied career in tins 

I le has seen the lie >\v and ebb ol CO1TI 
mercial tides, the rise and deca\ of busim 
centers, the Midden expansion of trade under 
])rimitive conditions and circumstances ot dith- 
culty, and has felt the keen pang> "i disappoint- 
and dvi rsity from sudden and ci impl'ete 
i N it thri nigh all hi has preset \<-<\ the 

sanii 51 ml >nirit of tortitnde and chccrfnl- 

has laugh* d at misfortune and elialli I 
Kate herself into the lists agains) him with a se 
rene and loft : e. lie was born at \Yal- 

p-ile, Cheshire county, \. II.. on March 7. 1863, 
the son of Michael and Mary V ilhdci Daly, 
ralivcs of treland. 'I he laiher came to the 
I'liited States when he \\as fourteen \car- old 
and \\ent to work on a farm in \ew Hampshire 

where he remained until 1873 a:id then removed 

to Kansas, settling in Mitchell county, In 

up a homestead near I'cloit and tanned il until 

i In that year he made I'.eloit his residi 
and is now living in that city. James II. i 
remained with his parents on the Kansas farm 
until he reached his majoritv and was educated 
in the public schools. In iSS^ he engaged in 
farming on his own account near his father's 
place and later worked in a lumber yard in 
loil, remaining in that town and vicinity until 
1887 when he came to Wyoming and settled at 
Sundance. I -"or a few months he worked on a 
ranch and was then appointed jailer under 
Sheriff James l\\an and afterwards under John 
W. Rogers, holding the office four years in 
succession. In the summer of iSoi his brother 
fohn opened a general merchandising estab- 
lishment at ('iillette, and in December of that 
year Tames joined him in the cutcrpr. 
partner. Their store was small and their stock 
was limited, but business \\as brisk and the in- 
crease was rapid. The railroad was then build- 
ing through this section and (iillette had a popu- 
lation of at least 1000. all activities being mi 
the boom. When the road passed the town 
lame- DaK followed the construction camps with 
a stock of goods in a tent and did a thriving 
essarj commodities for six months 
or more and then returned to (lillettc where his 
brother was conducting the main store. In 
Xovember, iS<>5. their buildings and stock were 
complcteh destroyed 1>\ lire. Thc\ immedi- 
atelv put up a temporar\ Structure and con- 
tinued their business in it through the winter, 
inning at once the buildings which no\\ 
li iiis,> their inierprise. These were finished 
and readx lor occnpancv h\ the next Sp 
and spacious as they were and e in 

i i|iiipment, ihe\ had nol sufficient to 
the demands of their i tg trade. 

which has -fowii to oportions an ,i j s 

O\\ the most extensive and carries t' 
and most complete stock \\iiliiii a radni 
man) miles. In (898 the brothers took up land 
t-iuhleui miles uorili (iillette and be- 

ii stock' industry which has developed into 



it large mill exacting business. The} have ini- 
proved their ranch with the necessar} appurh 

nances, ami give to its needs and its progre>s 
tlu- same nl ainl studious attention that 

them in all their undertakings. 
The\ have also much real estate oi value in the 
town. Both are member.- nl the Catholic 


Conspicuously identified for many years 
with life in its wildest phase on the western 
border, one of the energetic, pushing men 
whose stirring action has been such a forceful 
power in the development of the country, and 
now a leading citizen of Converse "ounty. where 
he maintains his home and center of his busi- 
ness operations at Douglas, Wyo., A. B. Dan- 
iels was born at Watrousa, near Milwaukee, 
\Yis.. on March T, 1855, being the son of Ma- 
son Smith Daniels, a native of Buffalo, N. Y.. 
and his wife, Theodocia M. Ross, who was 
born in Indiana. The father migrated from 
Buffalo to Wisconsin while it was yet a terri- 
tory and engaged extensively in the manu- 
facture of lime near Milwaukee for years, later 
purchasing a farm in Jefferson county in that 
state, and there resided until his death, being 
a public spirited citizen. A. B. Daniels was the 
second in a family of eight children and at the 
early age of fifteen years he left his Wisconsin 
home, and he has from that period been Un- 
successful architect of his own fortune. His 
first field of independent action was Nebraska, 
where he started and operated for a year the 
first dray and street-sweeper of the town of 
Sutton, then paying a visit to Iowa he outfitted 
for Colorado, joining the stampede to Lead- 
ville, where he made his headquarters for thirty 
months, and, engaging in freighting, had in 
full measure the varying experiences of that 
adventurous life, by his industry and intrepidity 
meeting with success. In this line of labor he 
was occupied until 1882, freighting to all the 
new mining camps, Gothic City and Crested 
Butte among the number. In the spring of 

2 In- came through in l.aramie \\ith a wa-on 
Ereighl -unit, taking the route through Middle 
and North i'ark, making his terminal point at 
Kawlins. Wyo., helping also to relocate and 
' ii.ii' Per the property of While River and Snake 
River forts, thereaflrr coining to Rock Creek 
and niakinv that place hi.s base of operations in 
freighting for three years, making trips to 
Fort McKinney, Sheridan and other points. 
In 188(1, at the creation of the town of Douglas, 
he purchased the lot on which he erected his 
present commodious brick store and has been 
a resident and an active factor in the advance- 
ment of the town until the present writing. His 
store is j^xdo feet in size and in its second 
story seven "secret societies" have their lodge 
rooms. Mr. Daniels has an interest in the 
new Unity Temple and in various ways mani- 
fests a liberal and generous attitude toward 
public improvements and his advice and coun- 
cil is often sought, as he is a shrewd, conserv- 
ative man, of cautious, yet vigorous action. 
Anvthing tending to the benefit of Douglas 
meets prompt acceptance and recognition from 
him, and he has given excellent service in the 
city government. He is financially connected 
with the Table Mountain Sheep Co., having its 
headquarters at Sand Creek, and with the 
Douglas Loan Association of Douglas. Po- 
litically Mr. Daniels exercises a great influence 
in local circles, while fraternally he is a Royal 
Arch Mason and an Odd Fellow. The marriage 
of Mr. Daniels and Mrs. Esther Downey oc- 
curred on December 6, 1891, and they have two 
children. Arthur and Esther. In their beau- 
tifully located residence the family dispenses a 
generous hospitality to their many friends. 


One of the prominent citizens of the city 
of Laramie. Wyoming, being the present city 
marshal of that thriving place, Ernest B. 
Davies is a native of England, born in 1850, 
being the son of Thomas and Sarah (Brown) 
Davies. the former a native of Wales and the 
latter of England. The father emigrated from 


his native country to America in i8;_> and es- 
tablished hi- home in the state "f New York, 
where In was employed by the New York Cen- 
tral and Hudson River Railway as a pattern 
maker. Subsequently he removed his residence 
from Ne\\ York to Wisconsin, and still later to 
Indiana, and thereafter in 18/3 he moved to 
Wyoming ami followed the machinists trade. 
wheiv In- -till ciintinuecl to reside up to the 
time of his decease, which occurred in 
i S' i 1 1. when he had arrived at the age 
of eighty-three years. His father, whose 
name was Thomas, was also a mechanic and 
followed mechanical occupations during his 
life time in his native country. The mother of 
Marshal Davies, who passed away in 1869 at 

age nt" fifty-four years. was the daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah Brown, both natives of 
England. Ernest B. Davies came from his na- 
tive England to America when a small child 
with his parents, attained manhood in Indiana, 
where he received his early education in the 
public schools. After his school life he learned 
blacksmithing and followed that occupation 
for several years, being in the employ of the 
Lake Shore Railway for the greater portion of 
that time. On March 9, 1869, he came to the 
then territory of Wyoming and located in the 

nt city of Laramie, where he engaged in 

blacksmithing until 1876, when he accepted a 

as fireman on the line of the Union 

Pai ific. Hi- remained in this rmi>!o\ ment until 

1880, when he was promoted to locomotive en- 

i. lontinuing in the latter position up to 

1889, and he then i " ' position .is the 

round house until i8<;4, then again 

wi-nt on the road as engineer nmil on Do-ember 

i", [899, li> me1 with a serious injury through 

an accident while in tin- dischargi of hi- duties 

[i mg time he v ted Fn im 

Upon hi- recovery In- was tendered 

position of city mar-hal of Laramie and he 
ha> since been hold!;: ffice, discharging 

its dutii-- with ability and -ati-l'art ion to his 
fellow citi/rn-. In 1877 Marshal Davies was 
united in marriage \\ith Miss Eli/a Renshaw. 
a native of Greal I'.ritam and lln- dangli' 

George Renshaw, also a native of the same 
country. < hie child lias been born to bless their 
union, nanicK Sarah I!., who is residing with 
her parents, whose home is noted for its gener- 
ous hospitality. The ancestors of the 1 taxis 
family for many generations have been engaged 
in mechanical pursuits, many of them occupy- 
ing leading positions as mechanics. In public 
affairs he has long-taken a prominent part, be- 
ing one of the most public spirited and pro- 
gressive citizen- of tin- city, always foremost in 
matters which have a tendi ne\ to promote the 
growth or general welfare of the city. He is 
a respected citixen and an honored official who 
never hesitates in the discharge of duty. 


Few men in Wvoming have led a more 
active business life than the well-known gentle- 
man whose name introduces thi- review. Self- 
made in all the term implies, he has won a large 
measure of success in a financial way and 
public spirited man of affairs his influence has 
tended greatly to the material upbuilding of 
the various communities with which hi- career 
has been closely interwoven. James Davison 
was born in ( igdensburg, X. Y.. on Decem- 
ber 13. 1855. the son of Richard and Jane 
Davison. the father being a native of Ireland 
and the mother of New Brunswick. Richard 
Davison served over eight years in the I'.riti-h 
army as an artilleryman and ' . the 

Tinted State- and settled in New York. I Fe 
was married in tin- city of Ogdensburg about 
1852 to Miss Jane McDonald and became the 
father of nine children, seven attaining to ma- 
inrilv and lame- being second in order .if birth. 

\ft'-r li\ in- in \e\\ York for 
ard 1 lavison moved to < >hio \\lu-re he died near 

Burton ('iiy at tl< if sixty; his wife. \\ho 

lived to be sixty-t\\o ! this 

life at \kroi,. ( >hid. in iSoS. James Davison 
quite \oimg when his |>arents moved to 
( thin, and tli the advanla 

mon school education and there b, -.m life 
for himself as a miner, \\hich calling he 

6 4 


followed continuously for fifteen years. In 
iSjS he \\ent to Ci >1< >raih > where he worked at 
mining about two years, at the end of that 
period coming to Carbon, Wyo., near which 
place he followed mining and stockraising' about 
the same length of time. Then after a short 
trip to California Mr. Davison located in Vir- 
ginia City, Xev., where lie worked for some 
time in the Sutro tunnel and devoted consider- 
able attention to his chosen calling. At the end 
of two years he left Nevada for Utah where he 
passed about one year in the Great Horn silver 
mine, thence returning to Wyoming and set- 
tling at Twin Creek. During the greater part of 
the succeeding three years he was engaged in 
coal-mining at that place after which he opened 
a store at Twin Creek where he carried on 
general merchandising and stockraising for 
about two years. Closing out his establishment 
at Twin Creek Mr. Davison in the spring of 
1890 erected the first business house in the new 
town of Opal and here continued merchandis- 
ing until 1892 when he disposed of his store 
and changed his residence to Granger, where 
he bought of George \Y. Roberts a stock of 
goods, which he handled with success and finan- 
cial profit until July, 1901, when he discontinued 
trade and removed to his large ranch six miles 
west of Opal, where he has since been exten- 
sively engaged in stockraising, devoting special 
attention to cattle. Mr. Davison's ranch em- 
braces an area of 3,056 acres, of which 800 acres 
are irrigable, the whole being well situated and 
admirably adapted for stockraising. He also 
owns 1 60 acres of tillable land adjoining Gran- 
ger, besides considerable town property, all in 
good condition and continually increasing in 
value. Financially Mr. Davison has met with 
well merited success and by intelligent manage- 
ment and wise i> forethought has accumulated 
a handsome property, being one of the leading 
stockmen of his section, and the success which 
he has already attained bespeaks for him a still 
larger and more remunerative business in years 
to come. Mr. Davison served two years as 
postmaster of Opal and for nine years had 
charge of the postoffice of Granger. He was 

also a justice' of the peace at Granger and took 
an active and prominent part in politics as a 
Republican. He has been in cluse touch with 
the leaders of his political partv for a number of 
years and by his well-timed counsel and ac- 
tivity, he has contributed much to its success, 
both locally and in the district and state. He 
holds membership with the Odd Fellows' fra- 
ternity and believing thoroughly in the teach- 
ings of the order he has endeavored to square 
his life in harmony therewith. Mr. Davison 
was married in Evanston, Wyo., on June 19, 
1890, with Miss Annie J. Robinson, a daughter 
of Arthur and Almecla J. (Snyder) Robinson, 
the father a native of Ireland and the mother 
of < >hio. Mrs. Davison first saw the light of 
day in Primrose, Pa., and she has borne for 
her husband five children, William, James B., 
Arthur R., Samuel M. and Jane. The home life 
of Mr. and Mrs. Davison is most exemplary and 
happy, the domestic circle is perfectly har- 
monious and under the guiding hand of the mis- 
tress of the house, a most tender and devoted 
wife and mother, it has become an almost ideal 
one. The career of Mr. Davison in the west 
has been attended by many hardships but an 
untiring perseverance and wisely directed 
energy have enabled him to overcome oppos- 
ing circumstances and win an honorable po- 
sition both as a business man and citizen. In 
his relations with his fellow men he has done 
well his part and as already indicated the fu- 
ture awaits him with promised success. 


Highly esteemed among the people where 
he has passed the last twenty years of his life, 
having served them in all the best features of 
private life and also in public station as a 
county commissioner during an important 
period in the history of the county, the builder 
and maker of a leading stock industry in their 
midst which he has developed from a small be- 
ginning and holding himself in readiness for 
the manly discharge of every duty, Benjamin 
F. Davis, of near Newcastle in Weston county. 


illustrates in his character and career the ster- 
ling (|ualities and useful elements of American 
citizenship. He is by nativity one of that rest- 
less and conquering class known as New Eng- 
landers. having been born at Shutesburv. Mass.. 
on November 8, 1847. His parents, John II. 
and Mary i(iray) ])avis. were also natives of 
Massachusetts and passed their lives within the 
borders of that state, the father being an ener- 
getic farmer and lumberman who died in Feb- 
ruary, i go t, surviving his wife by forty years, 
she having died in 1861. Both were born and 
reared in Shutesbury, and their bodies now 
quietly rest beneath the green sward of its 
cemetery. I'.enjamin F. Davis remained at 
home until he was nineteen years of age, re- 
ceiving his education in the public schools of 
his native place, at Xew Salem Academy and 
at Cazenovia (X. V.) Seminary. In 1867 he 
took up the burden of life for himself by ac- 
cepting employment in a sawmill in his home 
comity, remaining with this outfit for seven 
years, when he went to work for a butcher and 
si Hin thereafter a hotel, keeping at these various 
occupations until 1874. In that year, seeking 
a home and an opportunity for larger business 
in the boundless \Ycst, he traveled through 
Iowa and adjoining states for a year, making 
his way gradually into Texas and there cn- 
.^a.uing in bridge building for the G. H. iV- S. V 
Railroad, in whose emplovment he passed three 
years. Tn 1878 he returned north to Nebraska, 
there becoming a clerk and salesman for [ones. 
Mdice ec Co., lumber merchants, and with 
them following the construction of the Ilur- 
lin.Ljton Railroad through the state. In the 
autumn of 1880 he located in t.'uster county. 
S. I'., and did carpentering, ranching and min- 
ing, us opportunity offered or necessity re- 
quired. Three years later lie came to \Vyo- 
ming and taking up the ranch he now occupies, 
n a Stock industry on a small scale which 
lie lias gradually expanded and improved until 
it is one of I he leading enterprises of its kind 
in ibis part of the state and it is a indui led on 
a ranch which he has great K- developed and 
improved with good building- and 1>\ skillful 

cultivation. In connection with Mr. Sv 
whose ranch adjoins his, he runs a sawmill 
which is operated at the junction of .their prop- 
erties, lie is also interested in the oil industry, 
owning promising land in the Newcastle fields. 
In politics Mr. Davis is an ardent and active 
Republican, having given close and serviceable 
attention to the affairs of his party, bearing 
his share of the burdens of its campaigns and 
yet not seeking its honors or emoluments. He 
yielded once however to a popular demand and 
served as county commissioner for the term of 
1892-94. Fraternally he is connected with the 
order of Freemasons, holding membership in 
the lodge at Newcastle. 


A native son of \Yyoming. and one of Un- 
successful and progressive young stockmen of 
Albany county. James C. Davidson, of Pollock 
postoffice, is the subject of this sketch. He was 
born on Marcli 25, iS7<">, at the city of Laramie. 
and is the son of James and Elizabeth David- 
son, the former a native of Scotland and the 
latter of County \Yc\fonl. Ireland. His father 
was bom in ( ilasgow in 18^8. and was a brick- 
layer in his native country until he had attained 
to the age of twenty-tuo years, when he emi- 
grated, and upon arriving in this country he 
located in Menominee. Michigan, where he re 
mained for a number of years, following his 
occupation of bricklaying. In 1X74 he canie to 
Laramie, in the territory of \\voining. where 
he resided until his death in I 8< 10. lie was a 
Thirty-second degree Freemason and a mem- 
ber of the Independent Unler of < 'dd Fellows. 
The mother came to America dnniiL; earlx life 
anil passed awa\ at the a^e of lit! \-tonr \ 
leaving four children, John (deceased). I'rank. 
James C. and \Villiam. Jam. ^ t '. Da\idson 
grew |o manhood in Laramie. Wyo., and re- 
ceived his eaih education in ils public schools. 
At the as;e of seventeen years he left school 
and secured employment in a mercantile 5l 
in his native place. Mere he remained 
ei^ht years and acquired a thorough knout* 



of merchandising', hut believing that stockruis- 
ing ottered larger opportunities for the ac- 
cumulation of a fortune, he resigned his posi- 
tion in the Laramie store and purchased the 
ranch at Pollock which he now occupies, and 
engaged in cattleraising. lie is now the owner 
of a fine ranch to which he intends adding from 
time to time and makes a specialty of growing 
fine grades of Shorthorn cattle. He is slowly 
but surely building up a good paying business 
and is one of the rising young stockmen of that 
section of Wyoming. In 1900 he was united 
in marriage to Miss Irene Johnson, a native of 
Germany and. a daughter of Hans and Chris- 
tina (Brady) Johnson, both natives of that 
country. The parents of Mrs. Davidson are 
well-known and respected citizens of Wyoming. 
Politically, Mr. Davidson is a stanch member 
of the Republican party, and takes an active 
and leading part in public affairs. In his sec- 
tion he is one of the most trusted and energetic 
of the local leaders of the party, ever foremost 
in all matters that concern the public welfare. 
He is at present the postmaster at Pollock, 
having been appointed to that position during 
the administration of the late President Mc- 
Kinley and he has discharged the duties of the 
position to the satisfaction of the public and 
the department. To Mr. and Mrs. Davidson has 
been born one child, namely, Lloyd, who 
already gives promise of being a worthy suc- 
cessor of his father. Their home is a popular 
resort for a large circle of friends, and they find 
pleasure in dispensing a generous hospitality. 


In compiling a work devoted to the repre- 
sentative men of the young and rapidly growing 
state of Wyoming, completeness of the record 
requires that due reference be made to the serv- 
ives of those who in leading business connections 
and high official positions have contributed es- 
sentially and largely to the development of the 
commonwealth. Conspicuous among these is the 
progressive business man, Otto Gramm, a man 
favorably known as the leader of extensive in- 

dustrial enterprises and as OIK- of the state's dis- 
tinguished men of affairs. Otto Gramm is a 
native of < >hi<>. born in Chillicothe on November 
11, 1846, while his parents, Moses and Helen 
i Limle) Gramm, came to this country from Ger- 
many many years ago and settled in Ohio, where 
the}- reared a family of five children, of whom 
Otto was the first born. The circumstances under 
which he attained manhood were in no wise 
encouraging, for his early life was beset with 
many privations, not the least of them being 
the almost complete absence of educational fa- 
cilities, the amount of his schooling being 
included in one term under the direction 
of a decidedly indifferent teacher. But pos- 
sessing an enquiring mind and craving for 
knowledge, he made up in a great measure for 
this deficiency by industrious reading and close 
observation, and he also obtained by contact with 
the world in various business pursuits a vast 
fund of that valuable education which is only ob- 
hlc in the hard school of experience. At 
the early age of nine he began earning money for 
himself by working in a drug store in his native 
town, and in this way passed the greater part of 
his time until he was twenty-four. By close ap- 
plication he became well versed in the drug busi- 
ness so that in 1870, when he left his native state 
and came to Wyoming, he was able to open and 
conduct a drugstore of his own, establishing 
himself in the business at Laramie. He de- 
voted himself earnestly to the business until 1886, 
when he was elected to fill the dual office 
of both probate judge and treasurer of Albany 
county, the duties of which he ably discharged 
for a period of six years. In the meantime he 
took a very active part in political affairs, 
of his section of the state and was .so prominently 
mentioned for nomination as the first state 
treasurer that the office was practically thrust 
upon him. For four years he filled this office 
to the satisfaction of the people, so firmly fixing 
its policy on a sound and progressive basis that 
no change has been necessary. At the close of 
his term he became lessee of the Laramie Rolling 
Mills, the name of which was later changed to 
the Laramie Iron & Steel Co., and continued in 





charge of the enterprise until lyoo. At that 
time he relinquished it and engaged in the coal 
I, it sinc^ he is still conducting, being the execu- 
tive head and general manager of the Laramie 
Coal Co.. one of the largest enterprises of the 
kind in Wyoming. In addition to the official 
stations and business connections named, Mr. 
( irainm has been actively identified with various 
other industries of local prominence, notable 
among them being the First National Bank of 
Laramie of which he is a director. He is 
largely interested in mining, aside from the local 
company of which he is the head, owing valuable 
mineral properties in different parts of the state. 
Mr. ("iramm has ever manifested a commendable 
pride in Wyoming, and is optimist enough to 
believe that the state has a most promising 
future. He has been a warm friend of its public 
institutions, using his intelligence and influence 
in all possible ways to advance their best interests 
and increase their usefulness. Deprived of early 
educational privileges, and highly appreciating 
the value of intellectual discipline to the country, 
he has been untiring in his efforts to promote the 
efficiency of the schools and enhance the power 
of education throughout the state. For more 
than seventeen years he has been officially identi- 
fied with educational affairs and at this writing 
( 1902) hr ) president of the Laramie school 
hoard, a position in which his peculiar ability as 
an inspiration for good has been of great serv- 
ice to the community. lie has also been for 
\ears president of the hoard of trustees of the 
Slate I 'niversity, and has given to its counsel- 
the full benefit of his breadth of view and practi- 
cal wisdom. In politics he is alwa\s arti\e. tak- 
ing a leading part in every campaign and render- 
ing invaluable service to his party, both as an 
ardent worker among the rank and file and as 
a member of tlv coimU and state committees. 
In fraternal circles he is well known and highly 
esteemed as an enthusiastic and bright Free- 
mason, holding the high rank of past grand 
commander of the Knights Templar order of 
the state, and also in having taken the Thirty- 
seroiid degree given in the Scottish Rile. In 
addition to his /eal before the altars of ! 

masonry, he has earnest and useful relations with 
the order of Knights of Pythias, being' past grand 
chancellor and with the Benevolent Protective 
( inler of Elks, holding membership in their local 
lodges. He has one daughter, Edith (i. In the 
diverse and important interests with which he 
has been identified in his eventful career, Mr. 
Gramm has shown grasp of mind and mastery 
of details, essential qualities in a leader of great 
enterprises. His people have not been slow in 
recognizing and employing his splendid abilities, 
or niggardly in rewarding his services with their 
highest honors and most cordial esteem. 


In a retrospect of Western men due recogni- 
tion should be accorded to those of the older 
generation who came while the savage still 
held undisputed possession of the land and were 
the forerunners of the civilization which now 
prevails. The large majority of those sturdy, 
and clear brained veterans, who laid the foun- 
dation whereon others builrled, have passed 
away, but here and there a scattered few re- 
main to recount their deeds of daring and tell 
to a younger generation the trials they experi- 
enced while blazing the way through a rich 
region abounding in obstacles and dangei s, 
which none but the most courageous cared to 
encounter. Among this class is the worth}' 
gentleman whose name introduces this sketch, 
whose life for many years past has been ver\ 
closely identified with the Great West as a 
pioneer, and also as a promoter of enterprises 
that have had influence in developing the re- 
sources of several states and territories. Theo- 
dore C. Dickson is a native of M .tnery 
count}, ( >hio, ami a son of Ira and N'ancy 
i I '.oho) Hiekson. the father being horn in Ver- 
mont of Irish ancestry and the mothei in < >hio 
of French. The Dickson family came to 
America prior to the War of Independence, 
settling in Xew Fngland. The mother's people 
were also earl\ COmers tO the I nited Slates and 

were ami mg the pii mi ' ihio. Mr. I i 

son was horn mi |anuar\ J, i ">.}-' attended 



school iii his native comity during his child- 
hood rind youth, and when a young man learned 
the saddlers' trade, also becoming an efficient 
haniessmaker, working at these tnules in Ohio, 
later traveling as a journeyman quite exten- 
sively through the eastern slates. In 1858 Mr. 
Dickson went west as far as the present site 
of Denver. Colo., then included in the terri- 
torj of Kansas. It is a matter of historical in- 
terest thai he was the first man to recognize 
the natural advantages of Denver and the su- 
periority of its geographical position as the site 
for a great populous and industrial center. 
"With rare foresight he communicated his ideas 
to others and in due time quite a number of 
people became interested in the founding of 
a town. In September, 1858, when the original 
plat was surveyed, Mr. Dickson drove the first 
stake and assisted the engineer until the lines 
of the future metropolis of the -west were fully 
run. The town was first called St. Charles but 
the name was changed in compliment to Gover- 
nor Denver of Kansas. Mr. Dickson remained 
in Colorado about four years spending part of 
the time at Denver which he saw grow from 
an insignificant mining settlement to a town of 
fair propositions and after prospecting in various 
parts of the territory he started a store in 
Central City, conducting a fairly lucrative trade 
there until 1862 when he sold out and went 
to Montana to engage in mining, being one of 
the pioneer miners of the Treasure state, but 
he did not at first realize a fortune. He located 
several mines which afterwards became valuable 
and bought and sold a number of properties, 
but in 1866 disposed of them and returned to 
Denver, where in December, 1866, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Louisa King of 
Illinois. In the spring of 1867 Mr. Dickson came 
1 1 > \Yyoming, locating at Cheyenne six months 
after the founding of the town. It was then 
only a mining camp but within eighteen months 
the population had so increased that the term 
city was very appropriately applied. Seeing a 
favorable opportunity for making money, he 
opened a restaurant and for about eighteen 
months conducted it with success, realizing suf- 

liriein money to enable him to engage in a 
more congenial and as he had every reason to 
believe, a more remunerative undertaking, cai- 
tleraising. Accordingly in 1870 Mr. Dickson 
local CM 1 iw<> ranches in Laramie count}-, one in 
the northern part and the other east of Chey- 
, but only stocked the latter. His business 
prospered and it was not long before he was 
on the high road to fortune. In 1882 he 
brought cattle to his northern ranch and a little 
later became interested in the "Green Mountain 
I toy" copper mine, which he developed and 
worked until the deposit was exhausted. This 
also proved handsomely remunerative and when 
the ore ran low he disposed of the property and 
turned his attention to other branches of busi- 
ness, continuing cattleraising and various min- 
ing operations until 1890, when he decided to 
retire from active life. By close attention to 
his undertakings and successful management he 
had accumulated a handsome fortune, and now 
in his beautiful home in Cheyenne and pleasant 
summer home at Frederick, surrounded by his 
family and friends, with everything to make 
life comfortable and desirable, he is enjoying 
the fruits of his many years of toil. He still 
has interests in mines he located a few years 
ago and which from present indications promise 
rich and early returns in gold, silver and cop- 
per. As a business man Mr. Dickson possesses 
abilities of a high order and his judgment of 
men and transactions is rarely at fault. He 
manages his affairs upon strictly business prin- 
ciples, his methods have been most honor- 
able, and he has been prompt and liberal with 
his means and influence in public and private 
enterprises for the advancement of the com- 
munity. He is endowed with marked good 
common sense and possesses the mental ca- 
pacity to investigate fully every question sub- 
mitted to his consideration, being a marked 
example of the successful self-made man, such 
as only conditions under our free institutions 
can produce. In the course of his long and 
active career he has come in close personal 
touch with all classes and conditions of men, 
meeting with a stern practical experience which 



proved a true test in developing the genuine 
moral fiber and real worth of the individual. 
For many years he has been a power in the 
political affairs of Laramie county, working dili- 
gentK t'nr tlu- success of his party, but never 
asking official honors for himself. He was an un- 
compromising Republican from the organiza- 
tion of the party. I'.v reason of his long resi- 
denee in Laramie county he is familiar with 
every foot of its territory, being as widely 
known and as highly esteemed as any citizen of 
the state. Air. Dickson has been twiee mar- 
ried, his first wife dying on January f>, iSS^, and 
on Februar) 2~. iSS.}. he was united in mar- 
at St. Louis, Mo., with Miss I'.clle Rusk, 
a native of Maryland and daughter of John 
Rusk, Esq. Mr. Dickson is the father of two 
children. Hazel 1'.. and Clearmont. The I'.aptist 
church represents the religion-- creed of the 
family, church relations being held with the con- 
fation worshiping at ( 'hc\ cnne. 


The gentleman whose name heads this bio- 
graphical notice is a pioneer of Wyoming and 
has held several offices of honor and trust 
among her people both before and since she 
arrived at the dignitx of statehood. Tie was 
burn iii Vermont in 1X^1. a son of Eli and 
Sarah I Whitney) Dibble, descendants of old 
Knglish families who settled in \ew Fngland 
early in our Colonial history and in the Revo- 
lution espoused the cause of American freedom 
with ardor. Nibble was born at liurling- 
ton, \'t., where he followed the manufacturing 
of woolen goods for a time after which lie went 
to Warsaw. Wxoming count}', X. V., where he 
started a \\ooleii-mill. but some \ears later re- 
moved to ( >il Creek, I'a., and there erected a 
large mill, run by water power, the first in 
t hat section of th< O >milrv and there lie passed 
the remainder of his life. Sarah I Whitney i 
llibble was also born at or near Piiirliir.:t"n. 
Vt.. and was married there. She died at War- 
saw, X. Y.. in iS|,~. leaving livi- children. At 
the death of his mother \hram 1 ). I >ihhle, then 

about seventeen years of age, broke off his 
academical-studies and started out to make his 

own way in the world, passing two years in 
Pennsylvania and one in Xew York, then ^oing 
to Cass county, Mich., where he remained until 
tXoS. From there he came to Wyoming, and 
after passing a short time at Bitter Creek, lo- 
cated at Rawlins and worked for the railroad 
company there and was transferred to Creston 
in Sweetwatcr county, remaining there until 
iS7_\ At that time he bought the first bui! 
lots sold in Green River and erected on one 
of them his present dwelling. In the early days 
he did a great deal of prospecting and some 
mining, but did not quit railroading until [SSj. 
In iSS^ ami iSS_i he was the assessor of S 
water county, elected as a Republican, he hav- 
ing been potential in organizing the party and 
making its work effective in the county, and 
In ing oni "i' its uriginal members ill the country. 
lie likewise was postmaster of Green River 
for one full lerm of four years, during the pr< -i 
deiicv of Harrison, was later appointed U. S. 
mar-dial for the district and in 1*05 he was elect- 
ed justice of the peace, an office he has filled 
with signal ability and fairness and which he 
is still holding, his opinions being so manifest- 
ly right that few if any appeals are taken from 
his decisions. In 1896 he became a Silver Re- 
publican and has since affiliated in politics with 
that wing of bis party. Fraternally he has ; 
a member of tin- Masonic, order for fifty yi 
belonging to the "P.lue Lodge" for that length 
of time, and has been connected with the Royal 
Arch < hapter, Commandcry and Scottish Rite 
For aboul ihi> i years. In iS;|. at War- 

saw, X. V., he was united, in marriage with 
Miss Marv L. Sawer, a native of Xew York and 
a daughter of \udivw and Louisa i I >in<more) 
Sawer, natives of Vermont who died and were 
buried in Michigan. To Mr. and Mrs. Dibble 
were born live children. I.illie. now the wife of 
Mr. I'.aMer: Xerta P.; Minnie, now the wife 
, Ir. llawley: and Khcil L. and Justin S.. 
who were killed in the railroad service and 
whose remains rest in the cemeter\ at ( ireen 
River. Mr. Dibble's cili/enslup has been 


ductive of much good in the development and 
advancement of the material, moral-and educa- 
tional interests of Wyoming. 


James H. Dickey, the popular manager of 
the Mountain Trading Co.'s stores at Diamond- 
ville, Wyoming, was born in Kirkwood, St. 
Louis county, Mo., on July 30, 1862, his grand- 
parents on the paternal side being John and 
Mary Dickey, natives of Ireland, who were for 
years residents of Pennsylvania, where they 
settled on coming to this country. Their son, 
James Dickey, was a native of the Keystone 
State and married Miss Sarah F. Chandler, 
who was born in Havre De Grace, Maryland, 
and of their four children James H. Dickey 
was the second in order of birth. He received 
his educational training in the schools of St. 
Louis, and in 1880, when about seventeen years 
old, he entered the employ of the Rock Island 
Railroad, with his headquarters in St. Louis 
and after remaining with that company about 
seven months he resigned his position and came 
to Evanston, Wyoming, where for the ensuing 
seven and one-half years he was a clerk for 
Beckwith, Quinn & Co. After this long and 
faithful service Mr. Dickey went to Montana 
where he was for two years the capable man- 
ager of the Anaconda Copper Co.'s mercantile 
department at Belt, Mont., and he subsequently 
acted in the same capacity for large corpora- 
tions of a similar character until 1900 when he 
came to Diamondville and took the manage- 
ment of the Mountain Trading Co., the duties 
of which position he has since most efficiently 
discharged. The three stores over which he 
exercises supervision do a large business and 
are among the most successful establishments 
of the kind in this section of the state. In 
their management, he displays not only famili- 
arity with every detail of commercial life but 
an executive ability of high order and a sound- 
ness of judgment eminently fitting him for 
leadership in commercial life. He has capacity 
and aptitude for great undertakings and from 

the beginning of his career to the present time 
his straightforward course has proven highly 
satisfactory to the several companies with 
which he has been identified. His sterling in- 
tegrity, energy and perseverance has raised 
him to a high position among his fellow men 
and he has become not only a leader in busi- 
ness circles but a potential factor in social life. 
Mr. Dickey was married on June 19, 1886, with 
Miss Elizabeth Abrahams, daughter of Griffiths 
and Maria Abrahams, the ceremony taking 
place at Rock Springs, Wyo. Mrs. Dickey's 
parents are natives of Wales who came to the 
United States a number of years ago, settling 
in Utah. Three children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Dickey, Clifford W., James H. 
and Charles C., the first named dying at the 
age of six and a half years. Fraternally Mr. 
Dickey is a Freemason of high standing, for 
he has taken a number of degrees including 
those of A. F. and A. M., R. A. M., K. T. and 
Sir Knight, and is an enthusiastic worker in 
the various organizations of the fraternity. He 
is also identified with the Pythian Brotherhood, 
in which he has been honored with important 
official positions. He has a strong constitu- 
tion, a strong mind and clear brain and is now 
in the prime of physical and mental manhood. 
Temperate in his habits, a genial companion, a 
trusted friend and a popular citizen, he is emi- 
nently worthy the high esteem in which he is 
-held and deserves to be classed with the repre- 
sentative men of his community. 


A representative, stockman of Albany 
county is John T. Dodge, the subject of this 
sketch, whose address is McGill, Wyoming. A 
native of the state of Michigan, he was born 
near Saginaw City in 1850, and is the son of 
Nathan and Hannah (Robb) Dodge, both be- 
ing natives of Michigan. His father was en- 
gaged in farming in Michigan up to the time of 
his death, which occurred in 1852, and he was 
buried at the city of Saginaw. The mother 
passed away in Nebraska and lies buried at 


Lyons in thai state. John T. Dodge attained 
manhood in Michigan and Nebraska and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of 
the latter state. At the earlv age of sixteen 
years he was compelled to leave school and 
earn his own livelihood and engaged in farm- 
ing in Nebraska, in which pursuit he continued 
with varying success up to 1876, when he 
removed his residence to Colorado, where he 
established his headquarters at Fort Collins and 
i ngaged in freighting operations from that 
place, continuing to be thus employed for about 
four years, then selling his freighting business 
to good advantage, he removed to North 
Park, Colo., where he engaged in mining until 
iSS^. He then disposed of his mining prop- 
erty and removed to the territory of Wyoming, 
where he established his home on the Laramie 
River on the present site of the Dodgeville 
placer mines. At this point while making an 
excavation for the cellar of his residence placer 
14 old was discovered in paying quantities and 
he at once started extensive placer mining 
operations. He carried on this business for 
some time with considerable success and was 
at the same time engaged in the cattle busi- 
ness. Subsequently he removed his residence 
to his present ranch, situated about ten miles 
south of Dodgeville, and he has since there 
continued in the stock business, meeting with 
substantial success, being counted one of the 
representative stockmen oi' that region. In 
iSjj, Mr. I lodge was united in the holy bonds 
of \\<dlock with Miss Mar\ K. Kelleville. a na- 
tive of < hio and the daughter of Sanu-cl and 
Jane i Helms) I'.ellcville, we'll known and highly 
respected citizens of that state. To the union 
o) Mr. and Mr.s. Dodge six children have been 
born, namely, William A., Thomas, Nora A., 
Arthur. Samuel and Walter. Tin three latter 
passed a\\av in childhood, and are buried in 
Nebraska. Politically, Mr. I lodge is a stanch 
adherent of the Republican ]>art\ and an earn- 
est and enthusiastic advocate of the principles 
of that political or^ani/ation. believing that 
their dominance in public affairs of state and 
nation to be For the best interest of the public 

\\elfare. lie is one of the most trusted leaders 
of the party in Albany county, although he has 
never sought or desired any office, preferring to 
devote his time and attention to his personal 
business affairs. He stands high in the esteem of 
all classes of his fellow citi/cns, irrespective of 
political affiliations. 


( >ne of the oldtime pioneers of Wyoming 
and now a prominent ranchman and cattle 
owner of llatton, Albany county, is James 
Dougherty. A native of Ireland, he was born 
in 1833, the son of James and Rose (McCray) 
Dougherty, both natives of that country. 1 Us 
father, born in 1810, was a merchant, all of his 
active life following that pursuit up to the time 
of his decease in 1871. He was the son of 
i ieorge Dougherty also a native of Ireland and 
a merchant, with which he combined farming, 
and living to the great age of ninety-ei-ht 
\ears, and dying in 1^48. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Celia Mc('ue. also lived to 
an advanced age, dying in the same year with 
her husband at the age of ninety-six years. 
The father of (ieorge Dougherty was na 
Daniel, and he was a carpenter and a skilled 
mechanic, the builder of the first wheel-cart 
made in Ireland. The mother of the subject of 
this review passed away in her native country 
in 1848 at the age of thirty-two years, being 
the daughter of Daniel and Rosy (Madden) 
Met 'ray, \\ell-known and highly respected 
dents MI" Ireland. James Don^herlx yrew to 
manhood in his native land, and received his 
early education, such as circumstances per- 
mitted to him, in the schools Of the \icinil\ of 
his home. When he arrived at the age ol 
twenty-One \ears lie resolved to free himself 
from the hard conditions that surrounded him 
in his native conntrv and to seek his fortune 
in the connlrv of free institutions, and in the 
COmpan) of a number of oilier young men of 
like aspirations he left the home of his child- 
hood and early manhood, the memory of which 
lias e\er been dear to him through all his after 


life, and sailed away to America. Arriving in 
New York he soon found employment in draying, 
and followed that pursuit for about two years. 
He then secured employment on a railroad run- 
ning through the states of Maryland and Vir- 
ginia, and continued this business until 1861, then 
he responded to the call of his adopted coun- 
try for troops to defend the flag and the in- 
tegrity of the Union, and enlisted as a private 
in Co. C, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry. With 
this regiment he served throughout the war, 
and for a total period of four years, two months 
and six days, and was mustered out of the 
service with a commission as a captain, a pro- 
motion he had earned by gallant service in 
the field. During his long term of service he 
was in many engagements, but escaped without 
serious injury from either wounds or disease. 
At the end of his army life he established his 
home in Maryland and engaged in contracting, 
in which he continued for about three years. 
He then removed his residence to Missouri, 
but soon proceeded to Council Bluffs, Iowa. 
Xot finding business conditions here as favor- 
able as he had anticipated, he went on to 
Laramie City, Wyo., where he arrived in 1868. 
Here he engaged in railroading and overland 
freighting, going as far as Nevada, and was 
in this employment for about four years, then 
he engaged in ranching and cattleraising at 
Sheep Mountain on the Little Laramie River, 
being one of the earliest of the pioneer stock- 
men of that section of the country and one of 
the first to recognize its superior advantages 
as a stockgrowing section. He has met with 
success in his business operations and is now 
one of the representative business men of the 
county. In 1872 Mr. Dougherty was united in 
marriage with Mrs. Ellen M. Hunt, a native of 
Ireland, whose maiden name was Cosgrove. 
She passed away in 1876, leaving one son. The 
present wife of Mr. Dougherty at their mar- 
riage was Mrs. Mary S. Luber, a native of New 
York. They have no children. Mr. Dougherty 
is a staunch member of the Democratic party 
and for many years he has taken an active and 
prominent part in the councils and management 
of that party in the county where he resides, and 

during the administration of President Cleveland 
he received the appointment as postmaster of 
Hatton postoffice in Albany county. He is on.- of 
the leading citizens of his county and is held in 
the highest esteem by all classes of his fellow 


J. W. Dolar, popularly known as "Buck" 
Dolar, one of the successful citizens of Kem- 
merer, Wyoming, was born in 1862 at Paola, 
Kas., the son of Andrew and Caroline (Huges) 
Dolar. Andrew Dolar was born in Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a shoemaker by trade and long 
conducted a shoe store at Paola, Kas.. and at 
another time one in Nashville, 111., where he 
died in 1890 at the age of fifty-seven, being an 
original Democrat in politics and an old John 
Brown man. His chief interest was in his fam- 
ily, and he was married in Pottawatomie, Kas., 
in which place he was a pioneer and built the 
first house. His wife, who was born in Vir- 
ginia, is now living on a ranch about seven miles 
north of Granger, Wyo. J: W. Dolar at fifteen 
years attained his first employment in a livery 
stable at Nashville, 111., where he continued in 
the livery line for twenty years, for the last four 
of them being in business for himself. Selling 
cut at this place, he went to Trinidad, Colo., 
where he remained two years, then went to 
Granger, Wyo., and engaged in the sheep busi.- 
ness, in which he continued for nine years, when 
selling his stock he moved to Kemmerer, Wyo., 
returned to his first love and has continued in 
the livery business here ever since. Mr. Dolar 
has always been a horsetrader and is fully im- 
bued with the philosophy that characterizes the 
successful men of that vocation and it is by his 
good trading and successful investments that 
he has made his money. He is a Democrat in 
politics. He was first married in 1877 in Du- 
quoin, 111., to Mary C. Cowan, a native of Illi- 
nois, and a daughter of Isaac and Sarah Cowan. 
She died in 1890, leaving one son, John E. 
Dolar, and lies buried at Taylorville, 111. The 
present Mrs. Dolar was Martha Davis, also a 
native of Illinois. 



Tlu- founder, editor and one of the proprie- 
tors of the Grand Encampment Herald, one of 
i lu- leadi -papers of southern Wyoming, 

in S. Drury, is a native of Tabor, Fremont 

[owa. IK was born on February 23, 

iS-_>, the son of C. ]. and Mary (Dunham) 

; . h"th natives of Michigan. His paternal 
grandfather, Charles Drury. was a native of the 
of \'e\v York, removing from that state 
many years ago t< > Michigan, where he was one 
of tlie earliest pioneers, and long engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. The maternal grand- 
father of Mr. Drury was also born in New York 
and removed from that state to Michigan, 
where he snent the latter days of his life, being 
a pn iminent minister of the Baptist faith. The 
father nf our subject in iSoi answered to the 
call of President Lincoln for troops to defend 
the integrity of the Union, and enlisted as a 
member of ihe Seventeenth .Michigan Regiment 
find was in service for some time, but was com- 
pelled to retire from active service on account 
of illness for a considerable time. Upon his re- 

; . li< again enlisted and continued in the 
military service up to the close <>f the Civil War. 

i being mustered out of the army he deter- 
mined to seek his fortune in the far West, and 
removed his residence to California, where he 
remained for about three fears, engaged in 
prosperous farming, stockraising and mining. 
Me then returned to Michigan and later re- 

'1 his home to Iowa. During his residence 
in Michigan he abl\ served the people of his 
count \ in the office of sheriff, discharging the 

nsible duties of that position with credit 
to himself and to th< ' i iction of bis con- 
stituents. He was for many years one of the 

itive men ' if the secin MI i it tbt- 
where he- maintained bis home. F.dwin S. 
Drun. was the first son of a family of six chil- 
dren, and grew to man's estate in Michigan. 

.ing his elementary education in the public 
schools of CaSS county. lie early learned tin- 
printers' trade and at the age of eighteen 
went into business for himself at Lawton, 

Mich., where he began the publication of the 
in wspaper ki C I ;dcr. In 

this enterprise he met with success, due to the 
md industry with which he conducted 
the business. Subsequently he successfully 

'1 i he civil service examination for em; 
ment in the service of ihe I Fnited States govern- 
ment and was assigned to the Bureau of Print- 
ing at Washington, 1). C., where he remained 
but a few months owing to the failure of his 
health through malaria, and he resigned his po- 
sition and removed to Wyoming, where he se- 
icw town of Encampment as a de- 
sirable location for a newspaper. This was in 
the fall of 1897, when there were but three 
buildings in the place, but he was satisfied with 
its prospects, and returning to Michigan he 
closed up his business interests in that 
and in the spring of iSo^ made his home at En- 
campment, where he associated himself in busi- 
ness with his brother, W. C. Drury. and they 

i' the publication of the Grand Encamp- 
ment Herald. Tlu . y have been \erv successful, 
and are now the owners of one of the 
equipped printing plants in Wyoming, and their 
publication i-, ized as the leading news- 

r of that section of the state. ( >n Novem- 
ber 29, iSo^, Mr. Drury was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth Root, a native of Miclr 
and the daughter of D. T. Root, a highly re- 
spected citizen and horticulturist of that state. 
Fraternally Mr. Drury is affiliated with the 
Freemasons and also \\iili ihe Modern Wood- 
men of America, and lakes an active interest in 
the social and fraternal life of ihe community. 
Politically he is a stanch member of the Repub- 
lican parlv, rceogui/eil as one of the trusted 
1. u-al leaders < )' that pi >lii ' In 

[SoS be received the appointment of postm. 
of Encampment, and upon the expiration of his 
term of office was i e.-qi pointed for another term 
of four years. His administration has given 
'ii to the business men of the com- 
munity, as well as to the public generally. Mr. 
Drury is largely interested in mining enter 
prises in and about Fncampmciit. was the or 
ganizcr of the Coldwater ('upper Mining 



which is the owner of the six valuable Wolverine 
claims located at I 'carl, Colo., which promise 
to develop into one of the great mines of that 
state. He is the vice-president and manager of 
this company, and has successfully conducted 
its operations, and he also holds the same posi- 
tion in the Kalamazoo Mining Co., which owns 
property adjoining that of the Coklwater Co. 
As a newspaper man and editor, Mr. Drury en- 
joys a well-merited reputation, and his publish- 
ing establishment is supplied with, all modern 
improvements and appliances for the publication 
of a live and up-to-date newspaper. Progres- 
sive, enterprising and ever foremost in the ad- 
vocacy of all measures calculated to be of ad- 
vantage to the general public, he is a powerful 
factor in the development of this section of his 
adopted state. He has done much, both per- 
sonally and through the Herald, to attract the 
atention of outside capital to the great re- 
sources of Carbon county, and to bring about 
the further settlement of the country in the vi- 
cinity of the city of his residence. He is one of 
the rising men of Wyoming, and destined to 
take a prominent place in its future history. 


The multifarious requirements of American 
life, especially among the yet untamed condi- 
tions of the great Northwest, afford opportuni- 
ties to every class and character of human en- 
terprise and usefulness, and open to women of 
progressive and resolute spirit as many doors 
to profitable activity as to men. Among the 
members, of the fair sex who are entitled to 
special mention as influential and productive 
elements in the civilization and development of 
this section, none has shown greater resource- 
fulness and self-reliance, or achieved more sub- 
stantial and continuous success than Mrs. Emma 
M. (Armstrong) Dudley, now of Davis Ranch, 
Laramie county, Wyo. She was born in Ot- 
sego county, N. Y., on December 23, 1839, a 
daughter of William and Eunice (Gibson) Arm- 
strong, also natives of the Empire state. Her 
father was a stonemason bv trade, a member of 

the Masonic fraternity and in 1849 ne removed 
his family to Wakeman, Ohio, and there fol- 
lowed his craft profitably until his death in June, 
1893, at the age of ninety-nine years. His wife 
died in 1884, aged eighty-four. Mrs. Dudley 
was educated in the schools at Wakeman, Ohio, 
remaining there until her marriage on October 
3, 1858, to Joseph Dereemer at Norwalk, Ohio, 
who was a native of the state and a prosperous 
farmer. She and her husband removed to Cali- 
fornia in 1863, where, after three years of min- 
ing and other pursuits her husband died, his 
widow then returning to her Ohio home, where 
she remained until 1871, when she came to 
Wyoming and took up a ranch on Horse Creek 
near her present location and engaged in cattle 
raising. In 1887 she sold her ranch and passed 
five years in Ohio, educating her daughter. Lil- 
lie Lathan, the child of a second marriage, who 
attended schools at Wakeman and Norwalk. 
During her stay in Ohio at this time Mrs. Dud- 
ley's father died, and in September, 1893, she 
returned to Wyoming and the next year took 
up her present ranch on Horse Creek, thirty- 
three miles north of Cheyenne, on which she has 
since resided, being busily occupied in her 
growing catttle industry, building it up from an 
unpretentious beginning to very gratifying pro- 
portions. She gives her personal attention to 
every detail of the business and with rare ca- 
pacity and shrewdness pushes it to successful 
issues in every way. Her cattle are of high 
grade and have a rank in the markets second 
to none. By her marriage to Mr. Dereemer 
she had one child, Charles A. Dereemer. Her 
union with Daniel S. Lathan occurred at Chey- 
enne on March 27, 1871. They had one child, 
as has been noted. Lillian E. Lathan, now the 
wife of Charlie Bliss, of Cheyenne, and the 
marriage of Mrs. Lathan to William G. Dud- 
ley took place at Cheyenne on January i<;, 1888. 
Mrs. Dudley is a member of the Christian 
church, active in the charities and other good 
works conducted under its inspiration and super- 
vision. She was one of the early settlers on Horse 
Creek and braved the fury of savage men and 
inhospitable elements, having much trouble and 



nianv exciting experiences with the Indians and 
[g weather at times which required the ut- 
mosl fortitude and endurance. For a time her 
nearest neighbors were twenty-five miles dis- 
tant and self-reliance was one of the daily and 
hourly necessities of the situation. 


1'hilemon E. Du Sault, county clerk of Sweet- 
water county, Wyoming', was horn in I Six, .-il 
Three Rivers in the province of Quebec, Can- 
ada, a son of Remi and Anna (Eoitinville) Du 
Sault. Remi Du Sault. also a native of Three 
Rivers, was a farmer until i8f>~. when he was 
appointed to a position in the Royal Mail serv- 
ice, which he still retains at the age of sixty-one, 
making his residence at Montreal. His wife 
was born at Riviere dti Loup, now Louiseville, 
Canada, but died when her son Philemon was 
but five years old. Her parents were reared in 
the Catholic church, but her father left that 
communion and followed Rev. Chiniquy, who 
emigrated and founded a colony at Bourbon- 
nais, 111., and removing his family to that place 
he there passed the remainder of his life. Phile- 
mon Du Sault received his education in the 
schools of Quebec, Canada, and when he was 
eighteen years of age removed to St. Anne, 111., 
but only remained there two or three months, 
then went to Chicago for a short time, from 
there to \benleen, S. I)., at which place he 
"wenl broke," but nothing daunted he tramped 
nearly five hundred miles across the plains to 
Buffalo, Wyo., and when he reached the town 
sat on the steps of the First National Hank of 
r.ut'falo. Wyo., to rest. While sitting there he 
was approached by I.. II. Parker, foreman of a 
large cattle ranch, who inquired into his condi- 
tion, gave him employment and advanced funds 
for his immediate necessities. Mr. I )n Sault be 
gan work for him on July 4. iSSd. and remained 
in his employ three years, lie then removed 
to Green River and engaged with the I'nion 
Pacific Railroad as a clerk, and continuing in 
that service until 1X114. when he accepted a place 
in the clerical department of ihe Rock Springs 

Coal Co. In i8(j5 this company was absorbed 
by the Sweet water Mining Co., for which Mr. 
I hi Sault acted as traveling salesman for two 
or three years and then again went into the em- 
plo\ 01 the I'nion Pacific, remaining with that 
company until he assumed the duties of county 
clerk of Sweetwater county in 1899, an office 
he still holds and in which his services have 
been of material advantage to the county 'and 
have been highK appreciated. In fraternal rela- 
tions Mr. Du Sault is identified with the Ma- 
sonic order, holding membership in the lodge 
at Rock Springs, the chapter and commandery 
at Green River and the mystic shrine at Raw- 
lins. < hi June 20, 181)4, he was joined in mar- 
riage with Miss Annie Jones, a native of Frank- 
lin, Idaho, and a daughter of Daniel and Min- 
nie (Clarksoni Jones, natives of Wales. Her 
father died in 1000, and was buried at Rock 
Springs, where his widow still lives and where 
the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Du Sault was 
solemnized. The\ have one child, Donald Dud- 
lev Du Sault, whose presence adds sunshine to 
their pleasant home. 


One of the active, vigorous and successful 
ranchmen and live stoekgn >\\ ei> of Conversi 
county, Wyoming, I'.ert Elder, is the proprietor 
of a fine ranch situated on the La Prele Creek, 
nine miles west of the thriving city of Doug- 
las, his postoffice address. Mr. Elder was born 
in Bedford count}. Pa., on August .7. |S;S. a 
grandson of Robert Elder and the son of I. S. 
and Sarah (Rhodes) Elder, both being repre- 
sentatives of families resident in Pennsylvania 
from the days of William IVnn. and taking 
in the wars and Indian troubles in the Rcvolu- 
,M\ and later periods, the original Elders 
being of mingled Dutch and \\clch lini 
while ihe Rhodes were of German extraction. 

\n aunt of his mother was captured by the In- 
dians in her girlhood and carried to Canada, a 
number of years passing 1 i release and 

return could be accomplished. Robert I 
was a millwright, \\lio erected many solid mills 

PROGR1 vs/J / MEN 01 : WYOMING. 

in Pennsylvania before his death. J. S. Elder 
remained in his native state until iSOS, marry- 
ing then- and raising a family of seven sons 
and t\vu daughters, of whom Bert was the 
fourth in order of birth. The family home was 
transferred to the near neighborhood of Har- 
risonville, Mo., in 1868, the father there con- 
ducting agricultural operations and stockrais- 
mg until his death in igor. at the age of sev- 
enty-four years. Bert Elder remained with his 
parents and became well versed in farming 
operations, receiving a good common school 
education in Pennsylvania and Missouri, in 1879 
joining the stampede of goldseekers to Lead- 
ville, Colo., and engaging in mining in that 
state until 1882, thence going to Carbonette, 
near Glenwood Springs, in the same year, mak- 
ing his residence at Tie Siding, \Yyo., where he 
was for three years engaged in lumbering oper- 
ations, thence, in May, 1886, locating on his 
present homestead ranch, where he is success- 
fully engaged in stockraising, being prosperous 
in his undertakings as the result of his diligent 
activity. His ranch is finely located, much of 
his land being under irrigation, and he has 
greatly improved it by the erection of a com- 
modious residence of modern style, comforta- 
ble barns, outbuildings and other necessary ac- 
cessories to the proper carrying on of his 
special branch of husbandry. Mr. Elder formed 
a matrimonial alliance on December 23, 1885, 
with Miss Florence Sherwin. a native of Illinois, 
and a daughter of Marshal and Mary B. Sher- 
win, natives of Illinois. The father moved his 
family from Illinois to Kansas, and there his 
death occurred, the mother and children later 
coming to Wyoming in the early eighties. Their 
children are Sarah, Rawlin and Mary. His wife 
and daughter, Mar}', were drowned in the La 
Prele Creek in 1894 and he later married with 
Miss Zenana Miller of Carthage, Mo., on Feb- 
ruary, 1896. Mr. Elder is interested in the pub- 
lic welfare as a member of the Democratic pol- 
itical party, and fraternally he belongs to the 
I. O. O. F. order at Douglas. He has been the 
artificer of his own fortune. Indefatigable in 

his efforts and guided by correct principles, he 
has secured a tangible reward in the acquisition 
of a handsome property and in the respect and 
"ifidence of all who know him. 


Every land has contributed of its best and 
most serviceable elements to build up and de- 
velop the great Northwest of the United States, 
and from none has come a more thrifty, more 
industrious, more law-abiding or more progres- 
sive people than from the land of Gustavus 
Adolphus and Charles the Twelfth, the land of 
manly spirit and intellectual progress, the land 
of frugality and industry, fair Sweden that basks 
in the radiance of the midnight sun. Among 
those of our citizens of Swedish nativity August 
Erickson, of near Inyankara, a prosperous and 
progressive farmer and stockman on Canyon 
Springs Prairie, twenty miles south of Sun- 
dance, has made a lasting impression on the 
community in which he lives and secured a firm 
hold on the esteem and confidence of its people. 
He was born at Stockholm, Sweden, on Novem- 
ber 8, 1857, the son of Lars Erickson, and lost 
his mother by death when he was but a child. 
He remained with his father until he was four- 
teen years old, attending school and learning 
what he could of men and life by observation, 
at that age being apprenticed to a stonemason 
of Stockholm, and after reaching his majority 
worked at the trade there for fourteen years. 
In 1892 he came to America, and after making 
a visit to his brother in Kansas and working 
at his trade for a short time in Kansas City, 
removed to Wyoming, where he was employed 
as a mason by Kilpatrick Bros. & Collins for 
a year and a half. He then settled at Inyan- 
kara and worked at his trade in that vicinity 
until 1895 when he took up the ranch on which 
he now lives and conducts a profitable enter- 
prise in farming and raising stock, and here Mr. 
Erickson has not only redeemed a goodly por- 
tion of the virgin soil of Wyoming from its 
wild condition and making it to smile with the 



white harvests of peace and plenty, but has 
s^iveii an example of sterling manhood, zealous 
industry and fidelity to duty which has made 
him a potential force for good in the commu- 
nity. He was married on March 3, 1883, at 
Stockholm, Sweden, with Miss Annie Johnson, 
also a native of Sweden, where for generations 
her forefathers were among the productive ele- 
ments of a progressive civilization. Four chil- 
dren have blessed their union, Eric, August, 
Oscar and Louis. The family render allegiance 
to the- Lutheran church in religious affiliation 
and in politics Mr. Erickson is an unfaltering 

MAX, M. D. 

Prominent among the younger generation of 
medical men whose endowments and achicvc- 
ments have added dignity to a profession which 
all ages have delighted to honor is Dr. William 
('harles C. Freeman, who since iStjj has been 
alleviating the sufferings ' >f humanity in Rock 
Springs and the adjacent country. Much de- 
pends upon being born well and in this respect 
Dr. Freeman was peculiarly tortunate. as he 
comes of intelligent, noble-minded parents. 
\\ h ise ancesti n or enei . ms were n. >ted for 
strong mentality, high intellectual endowments 
and sterling moral worth. Dr. William Frei 
man. the father, was a native of < >mario, Can- 
ada, born in iS.y>. \ fi < r receiving a tine liter- 
ary education he took up the study of medicine, 
graduating from the Toronto Medical College 
and subsequently prosecuting his researches at 
Guy's Hospital, London. Eng.. and Edinburgh 
l~nivcrsit\, Scotland, and I'.ellc \ue Medical Col- 
lege, Xew York. II.' began medical practice 
.'orgeio\\n. ( )ntario, in 1857. and until iSS.) 
lie did a lar^e and lucrative profe-, -ioinl busi- 
ness in that city, bein^ om- of tin aMrst phvsic- 
ians and surgeons in the entire province. In i 88. j 
he came to Roek Springs. Wyo., and was in 
practice uninterril] >tcdl\ until KJOO when death 
|int an end to his labors. lie attlained much 
more than a local repute, especially in surgery, 
where he had ven few equals and never met a 

superior. His original investigations enabled 
him to make a number of new discoveries, in 
eal science and he generously gave to the 
profession the benefits of his studies and re- 
lies in main- able and scholarly paper-.. 
\Viih all of his intellectual culture and high pro- 
fessional attainments, he was a quiet man. 
solutely free from ostentation and found his 
keenest enjoyment in the bosom of his family, 
where shut from the world, he pursued unmo- 
lested his fascinating scientific studies. He 
faithful to his practice, and had not an exces- 
sive modesty prevented, he might have become 
one of the most distinguished surgeons of his 
day and generation. Uaac Freeman, fath< 
William, was a native of ( hnario, as was also 
his wife, who bore the maiden name of Hannah 
Kelley ; his father, also Isaac by name, was 
of three brothers who came from England in a 
very early day and settled in Massachu 
Miss Mary Cobban, win. became the wife of 
Dr. William Freeman, was a native of Ontario 
and a daughter of Dr. James and Catherine 
ijarmyi Cobban, the father being a prominent 
physician and surgeon of that province. 1 lei- 
son, William Charles C. Freeman, was born in 
' mlario in 18(18 and received his literary educa- 
tional trailing in the schools of Georgetown, 
Ontario, the (iitelph Collegiate Institute, at 
I iuelph, I >ntario. the I "pper ( 'anada I ',< 
and the Toronto Cnivcrsitv. Having decided 
to adopt for a calling the profession in which 
his father and his maternal grand father ha.i 
achieved Mich signal success, he be^an a pn 

liminan c< iun icdical trainiiu' [tienl 

ly entering Trinii \ LJniversitj Medical i "liege 
ai Toronto, Canada, from which noted instiin 
tion he was L;radnaled with an honorable n 
in iS.)^. Immediate!} after obtaining his de- 
gree lie b. 'Mil medical practice at Rock Springs. 
Wyo.. and it was not loin; until his superior 
professional abilities brought him prominently 
to the notice of the public as a physician and 
suriM'.'ii iiional merit. Me soon estab- 

lished liimself in the > em of 

the people and gained a large and lucrative 
practice which presents .1 of SUCCCSSCS 

rarely equaled in the career of one so \oung. 


His ruling ambition has been ti> excel in his 
chosen calling, tin- best energies of his mind 
have been lenl in I hat direction, and in this he 
lias not failed, as is sh<>\vn in part by the many 
"tt.'.hlc cures he has etT-cted and by the enthu- 
si.:s;,i with which he still keeps up his studies 
and researches. The Doctor has performed a 
number of very difficult surgical operations in 
\\ln.-h. the greatest skill was required and is 
easily the peer of any of his professional asso- 
ciates as a family physician. Hooks are his 
lovi ' c< >;i:panions and his library is replete with 
the ablest medical works and authorities, and 
he i-~ a close and critical reader of the latest 
standard literature bearing upon his profession. 
He has served as city health officer of Rock 
Springs and was for some time physician and 
surgeon to the Sweetwater Coal Mining Co. 
He has built well upon the broad foundation 
of intellectual culture and moral principles a 
goodly edifice which will stand the test of time, 
and though still a young man he has achieved 
a reputation such as few men much older in the 
medical world attain. He takes an active interest 
in all matters pertaining to the good of his city 
and links his influence to whatever tends to the 
intellectual and moral advancement of his fel- 
low men. He belongs to several benevolent 
and fraternal organizations, among them the 
Independent Order of Redmen, I. O. O. F., 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, Degree of 
Honor and the Eagles. He was married in 
i >ctober, 1896, with Miss Marie R. A. Levesque 
and is the father of two children, a son Paul 
Deschnes Cobban and a daughter Mary Fran- 
ces Dorris. Indicative of the inherent energ\ 
and progress of the Doctor it may be stated that 
he is the only physician in Rock Springs who 
visits his patients by means of an automobile. 


Although quite a young state there will be 
found among the inhabitants of Wyoming some 
of the brightest people in the Union, whose 
intellectuality is and ought to be a matter of 
congratulation to those whose good fortune 

has given them a home in the \oung common- 
wealth, and among these intellectual residents 
of the state may be mentioned Mrs. Sarah H. 
I'Ynner. the amiable postmistress of Opal, 
LJinta county. She is the widow of John W. 
Feimcr, who was born in Rhode Island, a son 
of John and Lucy Fenner, natives of the same 
tate. He was always engaged in merchandis- 
ing and in very numerous travels through the 
country, dying in Vermont on July 4, 1 886, his 
remains were interred in North Bennington, 
Vi.. where he was married with Sarah H. 
Wright, the subject proper of this review, on 
December 25, i8<-.<j. Mrs. Sarah H. (Wright) 
Fenner is a daughter of William B. and Sarah 
A. (Randall) Wright, the former being a native 
of Xew York and the latter of Massachusetts. 
Her grandfather, Chester Wright, married with 
( Hive Hosier, both being natives of New York 
of English descent. Freeman Randall, the ma- 
ternal grandfather of Sarah H. Fenner, was a 
veteran of the Revolution and her father was 
always active in the public affairs of his day, 
both parents being devout and consistent mem- 
bers of the Established Church of England. To 
John W. and Sarah H. Fenner were born three 
children : William, born in North Bennington, 
Yt., and dying at the age of six weeks; Alice 
P., who died and was buried in Ogclen, Utah, 
on January 23, 1901. when she was twenty- 
three years, two months and two days old ; 
Walter E., now living on his ranch seven miles 
west of Kemmerer, Wyo., who married Miss 
Cora M. Wright, a daughter of James M. and 
Avis (Robinson) Wright, old settlers in Wyo- 
ming. Mrs. Fenner, who was lone a teacher 

o o . 

of more than ordinary erudition and experience, 
came west immediately after the death of her 
husband and continued her educational labors 
in various schools from 1886 until her abilities 
attracted the attention of the U. S. postoffice 
officials and she was appointed postmistress 
of Opal on November 7, 1896; a position she 
has since filled to the entire satisfaction of the 
public and the Postoffice Department. She is 
the pioneer teacher of Wyoming and her coin- 
in <r was welcomed as heartily as that of the 



sturdiest pioneer who ever put loot inside of 
the territorv. She gave her inestimable services 
to the charge of the first school organized on 
Hanna's Fork, I'inta county, and has taught 
in Evanston ami various other places beside 
Opal with invariable success. And she was ably 
fitted for her profession by an academic and 
normal education in Vermont and has been en- 
gaged in teaching since she was seventeen years 
of age. A woman of great financial ability and 
executive power, she erected the first hotel in 
Opal, conducted it for three years and then 
retired from its management. 


Comfortable in worldly possessions after 
many hardships and much privation, safely an- 
chored from the storms of life after many strug- 
gles with fate and adverse fortune, ripened by 
experience in many longitudes and through 
contests with eivilixed and savage men, Frank 
B. Fawceti, of the renowned Stockade Beaver 
Creek region of Wyoming, a prominent ranch- 
man, stockraiser and public official of Weston 
county, has risen to his secure place in the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow men through 
efforts and vicissitude, having attained to his 
presenl estate l>\ his own endurance and manly 
demeanor under all circumstances, being well 
entitled to the peaceful haven he has built 
among this people, lie was born on the fruit- 
ful soil of < 'olumbiana county, Ohio, on March 
15, 1850, the son of Samuel and Hannah E. 
(TTarlanl Fawcett, where his father was a lead- 
ing contractor and builder at Salem, and passing 
a busy and useful life, being now more than 
ninety years of age. The mother died in 1855. 
when her son I -"rank was bill five years old. lie 
remained with his father until he was fifteen 
years old. attending school and aiding in the 
business and at this early age left the paternal 
fireside for tin- far \\Vst, going to Michigan and 
hiring out as a lann hand near Ilillsdale, there 
working during the summer and attending 
M-houl for a short lime in the winter. II. 
mained there for two \ears and in i8do renio\ed 

to Kansas and went to working on a farm near 
Kmporia until ( ictoher, 1808. when he enlisted 
in the Nineteenth Kansas Cavalry for service 
against the Indians. Mis service took him 
through Kansas, the Indian Territory and Texas 
and with General Custer in his expedition 
through the Southwest. His term was for six 
months and most of the time he was under the 
guidance of that gallant commander whose he- 
roic death is one of the deeply tragical events 
of our history. At the end of his military ca- 
reer Mr. Fawcett settled in Wilson county, 
Kan., and engaged in milling for two years, 
then turned again to farming and until 1884 
devoted his energies to that pursuit in Wilson 
and Allen counties, Kan. In the year last 
named he sold out and moved to the Black 
Hills, remaining there engaged in farming until 
1887 w r hen he came to Wyoming, and in July 
took up the ranch on which he now lives on 
Stockade Beaver Creek, sixteen miles northeast 
of Newcastle. He has found this a permanent 
anchorage and has remained here, busy with his 
farming and stock industries and contributing 
his share of inspiration, example and substan- 
tial aid in building tip the country and develop- 
ing its resources, being a citizen of broad vie\\ s, 
progressive ideas and decided public energy and 
intelligence. He came into this country with 
nothing and is now one of its most substantial 
citizens, with a well improved and highly culti- 
vated ranch, containing a commodious and om 
venient residence, tastefully arranged grounds 
and every other evidence of thrift, comfort and 
enterprise. From a wild and rugged frontier 
he has seen the landscape changed into an ex- 
panse of peaceful and productive farms, furnish- 
in- happy homes for industrious and peaceful 
residents and all the bounty of Mother Karth 
lor their sustenance. In public affairs he has 
taken a constant ami forceful interest, giving 
freely his time, energy and hit/ the 

improvement of the community, both as a pri 
vale citi/cn and in official station, having s, 
as coiinl\ commissioner from i So | to 1X0,11 and 
a-ain from 1808 until looj. during the last four 
years being chairman of the hoard. lie is a 



in politics, hut a patriot rather 
tlian a |>ariisan. Al loin, Kan., on July 30, 
1X71, Air. Faweett was united in marriage with 
Miss .Martha C. Armstrong, a native of Indiana 
and daughter of John and Julia E. Armstrong, 
the former born in Virginia and the latter in 
Tennessee. They were taken by their parents 
to Indiana in early life and there Mr. Armstrong 
i prosperous farmer until 1868, then re- 
moving to Kansas and locating in Allen county, 
there pursuing his chosen occupation of farming 
on his homestead until a few years ago when he 
removed to Morgan in that county, where his 
wife died on June 15, 1902, and where he still 
lives. Mr. and Mrs. Fawcell have eight chil- 
dren ; Mary, married to Paul Kipping, who has 
specific mention on another page in this work ; 
Alice, married to Mr. Bedell ; Julia ; Elsie ; 
John; Frank ;' Frederick ; Harrison. 


Among the more prominent of the oldtime 
citizens of the state of Wyoming, is Mr. fames 
H. Griffin, a native of Dearborn county. Indi- 
ana, who came to the territory of Wyoming in 
1875 anc l ' las since seen the country west of 
the Missouri River pass through all of its 
stages of development from the wilderness and 
the barren alkali desert to its present civiliza- 
tion. He comes of a family of pioneers, being 
the son of David and Elizabeth (Andrews) Grif- 
fin, the former a native of Virginia and the 
latter of Indiana. The father came to Indiana 
with his parents from the Old Dominion when 
but one year old, in 1810, and grew up with 
and took part in the development of the great 
Middle West. Not having a taste for farming 
in which occupation his father was engaged, 
David Griffin served an apprenticeship to and 
learned the profession of piloting on the Ohio 
and Mississippi Rivers and followed that re- 
sponsible profession during all the years of his 
active life, voyaging between Pittsburg and 
New Orleans. During this early period in the 
history of the country most of the transporta- 
tion, both of passengers and freight, was on 
river steamers and manv of these vessels were 

veritable lloaling palaces, the river pilot in 
those day, being a personage of the greatest 
importance, for hundreds of lives and millions 
of dollars in pmperi \ were daily entrusted to 
his skill and care. The father of our subject 
followed this responsible occupation from early 
manhood to old age, more than forty-seven 
years, and wa> considered one of the safest and 
most reliable of the great number engaged in 
that important calling. In 1885 he retired from 
business after a long life of activity, responsi- 
bility and usefulness, and removed to Wyo- 
ming, where he made his home with his son, 
James, up to his death in 1887. The mother 
survived him, dying in Hamilton county, InrL, 
in 1898, where he was residing with a daugh- 
ter. James H. Griffin grew to manhood in 
Dearborn county, Indiana, and received his 
early academical training in the common 
schools and in the graded school at Aurora. 
He resided in the old home in Dearborn county, 
following the vocation of brick moulder most 
of the time until 1875. when, having arrived at 
mature manhood, his birth having occurred on 
December 12, 1852. he determined to seek his 
fortune in the far West and came to the then 
territory of Wyoming and secured employment 
on the ranch known as the "J. H. D. ranch." 
owned by the Durbin Bros., on Horse Creek. 
He remained here for two years and went to 
the ranch located on Bear Creek, owned by 
Seabury and Gardiner, with whom he remained 
for seven years, being foreman during the 
greater portion of that time, having entire 
charge of the extensive interests of his em- 
ployers. In this capacity he had an excellent 
opportunity to thoroughly familiarize himself 
with the management of the stock business and 
in 1884 he took up a ranch adjoining his pres- 
ent ranch property and personally engaged in 
the cattle ancl horse business. He remained at 
this place, meeting with substantial success and 
constantly increasing his business, until 1892, 
when he purchased the ranch where he now 
resides and where he is extensively engaged in 
cattle and horseraising. Here he has 520 
acres of land patented, with large adjacent 
range, and also controls several thousand acres 



of leased lands, all cm Hear Creek, one of the 
finest and most picturesque sections of the 
State. Mr. Griffin is considered one of the 
si ilid and .substantial stockmen of \V\oming, 
and beginning in the early days without capital 
and with few advantages of outside support, he 
has, by economy, good judgment and careful 
and practical management, built up a success- 
ful and prosperous business. On March 19, 
iSXi. Mr. Griffin was united in marriage at 
Mi-sissippi county, Mo., to Miss Tillie J. Shreve, 
a native of Indiana, a daughter of Thomas and 
Malinda (Andrews) Shreve. Her parents came 
from their native state of Indiana to Nebraska, 
in 1880, settling in the county of Otoe, where 
they followed farming, subsequently however, 
removing to ( !ass county, where they continued 
in the same occupation until their death, which 
occurred in i<;or, the mother passing a\va\ on 
March 27, and the father on March 31, in that 
year, both being buried in Cass county. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Griffin has come a family of five 
children. Gertrude M.; Ola E. and Lola M. 
(twins); Ruth D. : Sadie L. ; all are living, and 
all residing at the parental home except Ger 
trude, win i was married on November 12, icpi, 
to V. \V. Hughes and they reside near Phillips, 
Wyo. Politic-lily. Mr. Griffin is identified with 
the Republican party, taking an active and pa- 
triotic interest in public affairs, believing it to 
be the duty of ever) citizen to give a portion 
of his time to the promotion of the public 
welfare, but lie has never held or sought any 
public office with the exception of postmaster of 
Phillips, which In- has held for sixteen years. 

A. M. GonDE. 

< MH- of the successful ranch and cattle men 
of \lham county, Wyoming, is \. M. Goode, 
a prominent resident of the city of Laramie. 
A native of \ irginia. lie was born in the county 
if ' In iterfield, in 1X45. the son of ' rei >i ge and 
Martha il'.orseei Goode, both also Virginians. 
The father was born in 1818, and followed the 
occupation of farming in his nati\e state, sub- 

sequently removing his residence from Virginia 
for a short time to Kentucky, whence he soon 
returned to his native state, becoming a farmer 
near the old town of Lynchburg, Bedford 
count}-, until his death on March, 25, 1901, at 
the advanced age of eighty-three \ears. He 

he son of Kdward Goode, a pioneer minis- 
ter of the Baptist denomination who passed his 
life in the ( )ld Dominion. The mother of the 
subject of this review is still living and m 
her home on the old family homestead. A. \Y. 
Goode came to man's estate and received his 
earl) education in the Virginia schools, a\ ail- 
ing himself of such oppuntmitii - as \\ere offer- 
ed him to obtain an education, but leaving 
school at an early age. for with many of his 
young associates he answered the call of \ ir- 
ginia for troops to enga je in the Civil \Yar, en- 
listing in Co. I, Thirty-fourth Virginia Infantry. 
C. S. A. lie served with his regiment during 
the entire war. and, although engaged in many 
battles, escape'! without a wound, and without 
serious injury to his health. After the war he 
removal to towa, soon however removing to 
Missouri, where be engaged in fanning, subse- 
quently removing to Texas with a view oi 
gaging in raising cattle. \ot finding conditions 
there as favorable as he had anticipated, he 
came on to the territory of \\ voming in 1875, 
locating at Laramie, where he remained until 
1*71). when he availed himself of his h' 
right near that place, and began in a modest way 
to raise cattle and horses. Starting with his 
homestead of i do acres of land, he has in- 
creased his holdings until now he is the owner 
of a line ranch propertj of over 4.OOO acn 
fenced and improved, with suitable buildings 
and appliances and the necessary and convi 
appointments Eor an extensive ranching and 
slockraisiii'; industry. l'.\ 1' vcrance. 

thrift and business ability, he has built up a 
large and line property, and i > : ,sidcred 

of the solid business men and substantial 
propert) owners of his section of \Y\oming. 
his ranch being situated about seven miles 
southeast of I aramie. Mr. Goode has ni 


married. L'olitically, lie is a member of the 
I tenioeratic partv. bin has never sought or 
deMred to hold public office, lie is one of the 
most highly respected citizens of Albany county. 


Each age, each race, each country, inscribes 
itself with more or less distinctness on History's 
dial. The cities of the world's infancy, and some 
of later date, deep-buried in the ruins of time and 
almost faded from our traditions of their day, 
revisit us in the freshly exhumed sculptures and 
picture writings unearthed by the German ex- 
plorers and in the sparkling pages of their nar- 
ratives. The Egypt of Sesostris and the Phara- 
ohs survives in her obelisks and pyramids no less 
vividly than in the ever enduring records of 
Moses and Manetho. Jerusalem, in her lonely 
humiliation, best typifies the Hebrew state and 
race for centuries, while her uncrumbling edi- 
fices and reviving dignity suggest the unconquer- 
able spirit and intense intellectual energy of her 
people which dominates all the marts and money- 
centers of the modern world. Ancient Rome 
lives for us in the Capitol and Coliseum, as does 
her medieval and sacerdotal offspring in St. Pet- 
er's and the Vatican. Royal and feudal France, 
the France of Richelieu and Louis le Grand, still 
lingers in the boundless magnificence and prodi- 
gality, the show\' sieges and battle-pieces of Ver- 
sailles, while the England of the last four cen- 
turies confronts us in the Bank, very substan- 
tial and well furnished, the fit heart's core of a 
trading, money-getting people. And so we Amer- 
icans will be found in due time to have written 
ourselves most legibly, though all unconsciously, 
on the earth's unfading records; how, or in what, 
time alone can tell. We have already linked 
ocean to ocean with hoops of steel and_ put our 
electric girdles around the world. We have ar- 
ranged for portraying, as on a common dial, all 
the storms and calms at any moment prevailing 
within the earth's atmosphere and foretelling 
those that are to come, thus providing in advance 
against the rage of the elements. Our character- 
istic and most typical record may be in these or 

in -' imething verv different from any or all of 
them. Essential History insists upon writing it- 
self, and will not be controlled or anticipated. 
( eriainly one of the most striking phases of our 
multiform life, impulse and activity, with all its 
trials and triumphs; its challenge to every condi- 
tion and circumstance, and its conquest over 
;di. is in the wild life of the pioneers on our 
western frontier and the mighty fabrics of hu- 
man progress, civilization and philanthropy that 
have been woven from the fruits of their daring 
and endurance. They were the trail-blazers for 
an oncoming army of great events, the heralds of 
a new evangely of beneficence which should aid 
in making and keeping our land what it has most 
aptly been called, the great charity of God to the 
human race. The wilderness into which they 
ventured was deep, boundless and seemingly im- 
penetrable. Wild beasts, wild men and Nature 
herself seemed all in arms against them. The 
ordinary armor of civilized man. organized and 
concentrated effort, convenience in communica- 
tion and transportation, the power to mass forces 
and supply them with munitions of war, was 
wholly unavailable, even the means of supporting 
life itself was uncertain and often difficult of at- 
tainment. Yet this race of heroes halted not nor 
hesitated. With intrepid courage and all-con- 
quering resourcefulness, with the sublime faith 
that moves mountains and laughs at impossibil- 
ities, they went forward and occupied the land, 
in all things compelling it to minister to their 
needs. The story of their daily lives, common- 
place, 'monotonous and unworthy of note as it 
may have appeared to them, is in brief the narra- 
tive of an empire's birth, of the start of a new 
epoch in human annals. And among the prod- 
ucts and the exemplars of this far western life, 
the molders and makers of this new domain, es- 
pecially the conservators for legitimate history 
of its picturesque form, its decided tints and its 
thrilling incidents, perhaps no man stands forth 
in the gaze of the world in proportions more he- 
roic, with attributes more striking, scenic settings 
more spectacular, yet withal truthful, or elements 
of manhood more characteristic of the time, the 
region and the conditions, than Col. William F. 



ASTO .- ' 


Cody, the world-rcno\\ ned "P.uffalo I'.ili." whose 
portraval "i ilii~ sparkling chapter of American 
history lias preserved its fcatun -s ami made them 
known to the peoples of many climes and tongues. 
1 le was i me of the star actors in the dramas \vliich 
his "Wild West" epitomizes and depicts, and he 
lias thrown them upon the great canvas of hu- 
man stor\ in glowing and imperishable portrait- 
ure. \\'illiam Frederick ( 'ody was horn on Feb- 
ruary jd. 1840, in Scott county, Iowa, the son of 
l-aac and Mary P. (Laycock) Cody, who re- 
mo\ed to Kansas when he was eight years old 
and were the first white settlers in that state. 
They located in Salt Creek Valley five miles west 
of where now stands the city of Leavenworth, 
which the father helped to lay out and to the 
progress of \\hich he was a substantial contribu- 
tor. He was very active in helping to make 
Kansas a free state, conspicuous in the border 
trouhk- which signalized the birth of that now- 
great and progressive commonwealth. Every 
hour of time was fraught with danger to the 
prime movers in public affairs and all men went 
armed. At a hot political meeting Mr. Cody was 
fatally stahhed and taken home in a critical 
condition. lie was not safe there, however, even 
in his wounded and practical!}' dying state, and 
was- obliged to flee from his home and family 
and rind shelter where he could. He died of his 
wounds and exposure in April, 1X57. The -n 

thus thrown on his own resources at the 
earlv age ol eleven \ears and, being the only ho\ 
in the family, became literally its head and a 
very necessary contributor to its support. lie 
secured employment as messenger for the firm 

Lussell, Major, & Waddcll. at that time the 
extensive freighters in the United Stales. 
His duties obliged him to visit every fort and 
militarv post west of the Missouri, and his fidel- 
it\ , capacity, courage and modest] 3OOn madi 
him a favorite with the plainsmen and sold 
while hi- educated him rapidly in 

knowledge of human nature, independence of 
thought and action, self-reliance and readiness 

for emergencies. It was during this time, too, 

that he had his first , in lighting ludi 

-hooting one dead when he was only el 

years old. In November, 1863, he was sumn 

home by the serious illness of his -mother, who 
died not long after his arrival. For a number of 
years she had kept a wavside inn in Salt < 
Valley and had made its name, "The Valley 
(irove House." a synonym for all that involves 
comfort and abundance in entertainment. 

icter and strict propriety in a public h< 
Py this time the Civil \\'ar had begun and young 
Cody enlisted in the Seventh Kansas Cavalry 
and acted as scout for that regiment until the 
close of the war. I "pon his discharge from the 
army he became one of the famous pony-ex- 
press riders, being the youngest bo) who ever 
crossed the plains in that capacity. In 1866 he 
married at St. Louis, Mo., with Miss Louisa 
Fredricie, a bright, beautiful and accomplished 
young lady of that city, and their union has been 
blessed with four children, two of whom died in 
infancy. After his marriage he severed his con- 
nection with the pony express line and engaged 
in business near Leaven worth. Put his mind 
was too large, his nature was too resourceful and 
his habits of restless activity were too well fixed 
for this quiet life, so he soon disposed of his in- 
terests and again started west. Locating at Fort 
I laves. Kansas, he entered the employ of the Kan- 
sas Pacific Railroad, then in course of construc- 
tion, and some little time later took ct to 
furnish meat for the railroad builders. While 
tilling this contract he ac<|nired the title of " 
falo | nil" from the great number of buffaloes he 
slew. 4,280 in eighteen months. Tie had become 
a dead shot with the ritle and never missed his 
mark. \fter the completion of the railroad he 
enlisted in the Ninth U. S. Cavalry, and 
signed to ilntv a> a scout and guide, with head- 
quarters at F< <rt in, Xeb. In thi- 
vice he took part in many battles with the In- 
dians and had numerous hair-bn adlh esc 
Befor< its i-ouclnsion he was made chief of scouts 
For tin- I >' partment of the Missouri and the 
Platte, a well-can 

promotion for merit. \Yhile statiomd at th. 
he w as al the Mel gislatnre 

from that district. I luring bis brilliant militaiv 

i he sen id under nearly all of the 


generals of the time and nu i m im noted charac- 
ters of his own and otluT lands. I If acted a> 
guide for the ( Irand-l >uke Ale\i> of Russia in 
his celebrated hunting expedition, piloting the 
party through the whole of the trip and bringing 
it hack unharmed and loaded with game. For 
this sen-ice he was richly rewarded and received 
from the Grand-Duke, as a personal souvenir of 
the expedition, a scarfpin studded with precious 
stones. In 1870 Colonel Cody obtained leave of 
absence from the government, organized his first 
theatrical venture, and for a few years thereafter 
played in the principal cities of the United States 
with phenomenal success. In 1876 the Sioux war 
commenced and, disbanding his show, he joined 
the Fifth U. S. Cavalry and took an active and 
leading part in that sanguinary contest. In a 
furious hand-to-hand fight in the battle of Indian 
Creek, he killed Yellow Hand, one of the most 
noted and dangerous of the Cheyenne chiefs. 
After this war he reorganized his exhibition on 
a larger scale than before and in 1882 added new 
features, rebaptizing the organization as "Buf- 
falo Bill's Wild West and Congress of Rough 
Riders of the World." With this aggregation 
he has since been on the road, except when oc- 
casional calls have enlisted his aid in suppress- 
ing minor Indian uprisings, and has made many 
successful tours of the United States and Europe. 
But, although for years busily occupied with 
this gigantic enterprise, he has not lost interest 
in the welfare of his country, nor lacked indus- 
try or zeal in pushing forward the development 
of that section of which he is so truly typical. 
In the autumn of 1894 he became a resident of 
Bighorn county, Wyo., founding there the flour- 
ishing town which bears his name, near which he 
owns numerous fine ranches, all stocked with his 
own superior grades of horses and cattle. He 
has erected one of the most elegant, most com- 
pletely equipped and best conducted hotels in the 
state; holds interests in many commercial and in- 
dustrial enterprises at Cody ; is president of the 
Shoshone Irrigation Co.. which has been instru- 
mental in placing under cultivation thousands of 
acres of choice land ; and in every possible way 
has helped along the development and improve- 

ment of the region in which he has cast his lot. 
iervices in this respect have been of inestim- 
able value and the town of Cody, with the healthy 
progress, rich productiveness and advanced cul- 
tivation of the country around it, forms the be > 
ii.i liniment to his enterprise, ability and patriot- 
ism. What an interesting career has been that 
of this man! Born to the destiny of toil and 
obscurity of the frontier and inured to all its 
dangers, hardships and privations, deeply schooled 
in its rugged life and bearing the marks of its 
burdens, it has yet been his lot to be courted, 
feted ancl honored by the rich and the titled of 
earth's gayest capitals, to have the very flowei 
of the most advanced civilizations wait upon his 
presence and Royalty itself bidding for his 
smiles. The delight of innocent childhood, the 
inspiration of budding youth, the stimulus of 
vigorous manhood, and the entertainment of ret- 
rospective old age, the diversion of the rich and 
the festival of the poor, his show has ministered 
to the enjoyment and the instruction of all classes 
and conditions of men. It has transported the 
wild flavor of our western plains and mountains 
to the busy marts of the East, carried the wild 
life of the New World into close contact with 
the culture of the Old, mingling the barbarism of 
the one with the refinement of the other, and 
so brought the ends of the earth together. And 
through all his varying experiences, his fidelity 
to duty in every field, his courageous endurance 
in every difficulty, his early trials and later tri- 
umphs, his mighty successes and the adulation 
which follows them, he has remained the same 
strong, true man, preserving unimpaired the firm 
fiber, high tone and unbending dignity of his 
American citizenship and the loyalty of his faith 
with his country, his manhood and his fame. 
Tried by all extremes of fortune he has never 
been subdued by any. 


The gentleman to a brief review of whose 
career these lines are devoted is one of the re- 
cent comers to Wyoming, having been a resi- 
dent of the city of Kemmerer since 1899. He 


is a scion of urn- <>f the old Col unilies of 

N'orili ('arnlina. lint traces liis paternal ancestry 
hack to Massachusetts, \\here tin- Fairchilds had 
settled in a very carlv age as emigrants from 
Scotland. Mr. Abigail Fairchild, the pat. 
^raiidfather. was horn in .\lass.-iehusetts. but 
when quite \oung went to Xorth Carolina, 
where he married, reared a family and parsed 
[lie remainder of his life, being a blacksmith 
and following that calling for mam years in 
\Yilkes county, where he also devoted some at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits. Tie was a lad 
of thirteen when the colonies declared their in- 
dependence, and throughout the seven years 
\\ ar of the Revolution h.- served as a -oldier 
in a Xorth Carolina regiment, taking part in 
a number of b; and hearing himself hra\i 1\ 

until the I'.riton was driven forever from Ameri- 
1 lores. He had a son by the name of 
Abigail, whose birth occurred in the county of 
Wilkes on July 4, 1804. Abigail Fairchild, Jr.. 

:inrried in his native state to Miss Catherine 
Yannay. a daughter of Jesse \V. and Mary 
i Vanna\. both parents descendant ol 
<ild and well-known lamilies nf \\'ilkes county. 
Mr. Fairchild became a well-to-do farmer and 
lived to the ripe old age of eighty-six. As a 
staunch Democrat he took a lively interest in 
public and political affairs and is reniemh 

man of wide intelligence, -O.M! common 
sense and sound judgment. Me always mani- 

d a pardonable pride in his home and fam- 
ily and dying left to his desrt-ndants a name 
and reputation above the shadow of anything 
dishonorable. Mr-. Fahvhild died at the 
irty-nine years and In ilu- side of he 

I husband she sleeps beneath the <|uict 
sliadow.s of the Xe\\ Hope churchyard near 
their i ild home. 

J< >F.L [.. FAlRC'lULU. JR. 

Joel I-'., l-'airchild of this review is a son of 
the Abigail and ('alheriiii- Fairchild referred to 
above, lie \\as burn in \Yilkes county. Xorth 
( 'arolina. in i X V '. and was reared to agricultural 
pursuits on the family homestead. He early he- 

familiar with the varied duties ,,f the 
farm and grew up in the lull understanding that 
man should earn his bread by honest toil. 
ruder the tutelage of honorable God-fearing 

its he laid broad and deep a [ 
usefulness and en. d to make hi- 

respond to his highest ideal of manly conduct. 
After remaining under the paternal roof until 
his i \\ent\-third year he started out for him- 
self, choosing for a vocation the ancient and 
honorable calling of husbandry, which he fol- 

d in his nali until the national at- 

e murky with the smoke of 
impending Civil \Yar. When the great stm 
of the sections en ing Fairchild 

the Southern cause and in iS< i; Co. 

B, Thirty-seventh Xorth Carolina Infantry, 
with which lu - d until the Confederacy 
ceasi o be, sharing \\ith his comrades all the 
itudes and fortunes through which his 
regiment passed, taking part in many i' 
campaigns,>eciallv in Yirgiuia, and partici- 
pating in some of the bloodiest battles in the 
annals of modern warfare, among them li 
the Seven Dav>' fight in the Wilderness and 
the terrible battle of Gettysburg, receivi' 

re wound in the latter. Mr. Fairchild en- 

1 the service as a private, but for bravery 
under many trying and dangerous circum- 
uas gradually promoted until he be- 
came first lieutenant of his eoinpam . in which 
capacitj he was dis, -barged when the Souihcrn 
cause \\eiit down with the surrender at Appo- 
mattox. After the war Mr. Fairchild returned 
to Xonh ('arolina and resumed agricultural 
pursuits, remaining in his native county until 
i Sin), when he sold out and migrated t" Ilooue- 
ville. Mo. I'urcb farm near that pi 

he engaged in agriculture upon i|iiile an e 
sive scale and continued the acli\ niou 

of his labors until i S. S. when he disposed of 
his place and retired from further labor. \s ;i 
farmer Mr. 1'airchild ranked \\ith the enur|iris- 
ing and successful men of his eounty. an<l by 
ition and management he 

aci|iiired a liberal share of worldly wealth, suffi- 
cient, in fact, to place him in independent cir- 



cumstanccs, so that he can pass the remainder 
of his days in the enjoyment of that rest and 
quietude, which only men who have battled long 
and successfully with the world know how to 
appreciate. After selling his farm he moved to 
Booneville, where he made his home until 1899, 
when for the purpose of recuperating his health . 
he changed his residence to Kemmerer, Wyo., 
where since that year he has lived greatly to 
his physical advantage, the clear, bracing moun- 
tain air being peculiarly adapted to the building 
up and revivifying of his declining energies. 
Mr. Fairchild was married in 1854 with Miss 
Frances Phillips of North Carolina, a daughter 
of William and Jemima (Yates) Phillips, both 
natives of that state. This union was termi- 
nated by the death of Mrs. Fairchild, who en- 
tered into rest in 1873, at the age of forty-two, 
leaving six children : George W., May, Hamil- 
ton, Ellen, Katie and John. On December 31, 
1876, Mr. Fairchild was again married, choos- 
ing for his companion Miss Lucy Waller of 
Missouri, a daughter of Benjamin and Lucy 
Waller, natives of Kentucky, a union which has 
resulted in one daughter, Ray Fairchild. In 
politics Mr. Fairchild has been a Democrat ever 
since old enough to cast a ballot and sees no 
reason why he should not continue to support 
the old historic party of the people. He has 
never been an aspirant for official honors or 
public distinction, but has labored earnestly for 
his friends with ambition in those directions. 
He has borne well his part in life and exer- 
cised a wholesome moral influence wherever his 
lot has been cast. A man of unquestioned 
veracity and pronounced integrity, he has won 
a place in the esteem of his fellows which time 
will strengthen, and all who have the pleasure 
of his acquaintance speak in complimentary 
terms of his sterling qualities and manly worth. 


Combining in his veins the chivalric devo- 
tion, gallantry and courtesy of the South, the 
vivacity, grace and geniality of France, and the 
rugged virtues of the Scotch-Irish race, and 

having taken conspicuous part and prominence 
in various realms of human activities not often 
the lot of man to experience, J. H. Foster of 
Manville, Wyoming, is one whose life and 
career present unique features. He was born 
on March 26, 1854, in Nicholasville, Ky., the 
son of Robert and Mary (St. Clair) Foster. His 
paternal grandfather came to America in the 
early part of the nineteenth century from the 
north of Ireland, and after a residence of some 
time in Indiana made his permanent home in 
Kentucky. The father was reared in Kentucky 
and in 1861 enlisted in the Confederate service 
under the famous General Zollicoffer, with 
great loyalty following the fortunes and mis- 
fortunes of the Confederate forces until the 
close of the war which saw their defeat. His 
wife was a lady of most admirable qualities, 
born and educated in Paris, France, and was a 
mother capable of impressing her children with 
the principles of right, justice and honor. When 
peace came Robert Foster joined his family 
in Illinois, whither the sad fortune of war had 
driven them from Kentucky, where he was en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits until his death, 
leaving a family of ten children and surviving 
his wife for fifteen years. When our subject 
was fourteen years old he went with an uncle, 
John Foster, a celebrated clown connected with 
John Robinson's circus, to be his understudy 
and learn the business. In this connection he 
made such rapid progress that in two months 
time his proficiency was so great that his uncle, 
who was advanced in years and was at this time 
taken ill, persuaded him to take his position 
and allow him to retire. For four years there- 
after Mr. Foster accompanied the John Robin- 
son's circus and as a clown was equal to any 
in the country, acquiring a high reputation and 
a great popularity, in his life demonstrating that 
"a circus man," could be a man of character 
and good morals, for during his life as a clown 
he never used tobacco, never used intoxicants 
and never used profane language. His life on 
the sawdust ended, Mr. Foster learned the 
painter's trade and for five years was the fore- 
man of the Chicago & Alton Railroad shops at 


Bloomington, 111., thereafter serving for i 
years most efficiently mi the polio force of that 
dn, then tendering his resignation t remove 

west In try the benefit of the \\estern climate 
..[i his wife's impaired health, coining at once 
in \lan\ ille, Wyo., the place of his present 

deuce, and here he ha- heen successfully and 
prominently connected \\nli the stock iinhi 
at present running a fine brand of Hereford 
cattle, and has been an active, useful and popu- 
lar citizen, holding at this writing the office of 
count) assessor, to which he was first cl< 
in Hjoo. He was the secretary of the McLean 
count} i 111.) Agricultural Society, and the emir- 
teous secretary of the Converse county Fair 
Association for six years, \vhile in 1900 he was 
the I". S. census enumerator for tin- Mam-ilk 
district. The duties of his several important 
official position, have been discharged in a 
manner highly creditable to his ability, honor 
and integrity, also exhibiting his great natural 
tact and power of easily acquiring triends. lie 
I- a Republican in political creed. < >;i Septem 
Si i, Mr. Foster and Miss Ida M. Porl 
a daughter of the Denial proprietor of 
the I'alace Hotel at < ialesburg. 111., were mar- 
ried. Their children are Hyde E., train dis- 
patcher at Livingston, Mont.: ( 'apitola, now 
Mrs. A. }'.. Smith, of Manville. Wyo.; William 
P.. a telegrapher at Whitehall, Mont.; Mil- 
ton, cartoonist; and I'lerlha Grace, Krnest and 
K\a St. ('lair, who are at the home at Manville 
where the iamiK most charmingly entertain 
their numerous friends and aec|uaintan, < -. 
Milton has demonstrated a rare talent as a car- 
toon M . 


I. Frederick ( lerber, of Granite Cam on, 
Wyo.. is a native of Swit/crland. and was born 
in that land of libem on June i. 1*15, the son 
>.i John and Katheryn (Frn-il Gerber, both 
natives of Swit/erland. lie grew to manhood 
amid the mountain Mirronndin^s of his early 
bom,', receiving there a good education and 
assisting his father in the work and man 

ment of his little farm, lie remained at home 
until he had attained to the agi of twcnt 

, when reports of the wonderful new world 

id the sea (Killing to him, he resolvi 
seek his fortune there. Leasing the home of 
his childlioo,] with little or no capital savi good 
health ami a determination t<> succeed, he ar- 
rived in Xew York in March, iSMi. and soon 
to ' imaha, M> b., then a small town 
(.m the extreme western [i md here he 

soon secun d einpl' >\ ment as a butcher. lie fol- 

I this occupation until June. tSoj, when he 
accepted a position with the I'nion Pacific Rail- 
road, then under construction, on the station 
it was erecting in Omaha, and was also em- 

d in other work connected with the build- 
ing department of that company. In iSoS he 
returned t<. the meal business m < miaha. 
there followed that vocation until I Sjo, when 
he came to Xorth I'latle, Xeb., and aft 
three months' stay went to Sidney, where he 
enter,,! the employ of the Pratt \ Ferris 
tie Co., with which he remained until the spring 
of iS. working during mosl of thai time as 
a teamster between Sidney and Fort Rohi- 
In 1877 he was f' ir five months m a 

large beef contract at Fort Robinson, then pro- 
ceeded to |-'ori ( 'u-u-r. Mont., subsequently 
i;oing to I'lo/eman. where he \\orked at butcher- 
ing for the company which had the contract for 
supplying beef to the military posl at l-'ort Cus- 
ter, remaining there until May, iS~S. when he 
returned to the south and came to <.'he\ ennc. 
where lie secured employment at his trade for 
about three years, lie then removed to Den- 
ver, Colo., where he followed the same occupa- 
tion unlil iSij^. then he locate,! a ho 
about twenl\ miles north of Pine I'duti's. \\'yo.. 
and engaged in cattlcraUing. impro\ing his 
land and stcadilv extending his business and in- 
, i-e.ising his herds. Through hard work. 1 
of CCOnom) and careful attention lie built Up a 
prosperous and successful business \\liich L;a\e 
promise of growin- to lar-e proportions, but 
iii ihe spring of looj his heallh. which hail been 
failing for some years, became so poor that 
he was compelled to .ui\e up active business and 



dispose of his ranch and stock. He has since 
been living a quiet and retired life, making his 
home with his brother John A. Gerber at Gran- 
ite Canyon. Fraternally. Mr. Gerber is af- 
filiated with the order of Red Men, being a 
member of the lodge at Denver. Politically, 
he is a member of the Republican party, and 
is a man of many admirable traits of character, 
and from his long experience on the western 
frontier he can .relate many interesting reminis- 
cences of life on the plains, especially of the 
early days of the construction of the Union 
Pacific Railroad through Wyoming, Nebraska 
and Colorado. 


Born on April 3, 1858, in Bartholomew 
county, Indiana, the son of Thomas and Lucy 
\. i Piersol) Good, removing with his parents 
to the frontier of Iowa when but a small boy, 
and beginning life for himself at the age of 
fourteen, William Good of Crook county has 
passed almost his entire earthly existence 
among pioneers, surrounded by the scenes of 
new countries as yet undeveloped and just 
awaking to systematic production and improve- 
ment. His father was a native of Indiana and 
his mother of Pennsylvania. The father farmed 
in Indiana until 1870 when he removed his fam- 
ily to Jefferson county, Iowa, and there fol- 
lowed his regular vocation for a period of 
seven years at the end of which he went to 
Missouri for a time, then returned to Indiana 
where he has since resided. Willard Good re- 
ceived a limited education in the public schools 
of Jefferson county, Iowa, remaining at home 
and working with his father on the farm until 
he was fourteen years old. He then left the 
parental roof and taking up the burden of life 
for himself, proceeding to the northern part of 
the state and working on farms for eighteen 
months, thence going to Davis county, Mo., 
where his parents were living, and worked on 
a railroad for a year and a quarter, in 1880 
coming to South Dakota, where he located at 
Spearfish for nearly a year, then went to Central 

City in that state and made mining his occupa- 
tion fur a year, and going to Missouri to spend 
the winter. In the spring of 1884 he found a 
permanent resting place in Crook county, 
\\yii., locating on the ranch he now occupies 
two miles northwest of Sundance, where he has 
since been engaged in raising cattle and de- 
\elnping the agricultural features of a tract of 
land on which nature lavished a wealth of fruit- 
fulness which only needed the hand of the hus- 
bandman to make it ready for enjoyment. It 
comprises 700 acres and has been well improved 
with necessary buildings and careful cultiva- 
tion, diligence and skill having made it one of 
the most desirable ranches in this portion of 
the state, as it was one of the first to be taken 
up, there being when Mr. Good settled here 
very few residents in the section. On March 
i, 1883, at Bethany, Mo., he married Miss 
Melissa Piles, a native of Kentucky. They have 
Iwn children, Alice and Willard. Mr. Good is 
an ardent Democrat in politics and gives to 
his party a zealous and devoted loyalty, yet 
seeks not for himself its places of honor and in- 
lluence, being content to push forward the ad- 
vance of his section of the state as a worker 
in the ranks of progress. 


Peter Gordon, of Kemmerer, Wyoming, a 
prominent and well-known man, was born in 
Scotland in 1843, the son of James and Maggie 
(Grant) Gordon. His father, a shoemaker by 
trade, was also a native of Scotland and like 
many others of his name and craft was promi- 
nent in the affairs of his country, dying in 1879 
at the hale old age of 86. The name of Gordon 
has always been prominent in the annals of 
Scotland, and our Mr. Gordon traces his an- 
cestry in that land for many generations. His 
mother was a most devoted mother, a member 
of the Protestant church and of most excellent 
traits of character. She died in 1876 at the age 
of 82. Peter Gordon received his early educa- 
tion in Scotland, where he followed the work 
of a farmer in Banffshire and Murrayshire, until 



, when he emigrated, coining to Boston, 
Mass.. where In- took up railroad work for two 
years in the neighborhood of Boston and then 
went t<> Xeu York for a year after which, he 

-od the international line into Ontario and 
omnium! railroad work for eight years on the 

.! Western Railway thence coming to 
Waterfall, Wyo., he worked two years longer 
on railroads and opened a general store and 
saloon in Fossil, Wyo., which he conducted for 
ten or eleven years. There he sold out two 
years ago and established a business at Big 
I'iney which he was able to sell to good ad- 
vantage in February, iijo2. Returning to Fossil 
lie again engaged in a business, which he still 
owns. In September, 1902, he engaged in the 
saloon business at Kemmerer, at which place 
he now makes his home, being a Republican in 
his politics. He married in iSm with Miss 
Jessie Herd, like himself a native of Scotland. 
She died four years ago, leaving these children : 
James, Maggie, Elsie, Anna and Peter. 



.\o life characterized by activity and in- 
dustry can fail to be instructive and useful for 
if merits are revealed it is a good example, if 
faults are conspicuous it is useful as a warning, 
lint in the career of the enterprising young man, 
Harry C. Garlock. to whom this review is de- 
voted, ill reader will find much to commend 
and little to criticise. Tie belongs to that large 
and practical class of men whose minds and 
energies are enlisted in the great livestock in- 
dustry, and. inheriting as lie dues a natural apti- 
tude for the business, he has already won a 
COnSpictlOUS place aillon^ ihe SUCCCSSful caltle 

raisers of his county. Wesley J. ("iarlock. tb< 
ther of I larry. is a native of \'e\v York, removing 
oeliigan when a young man. and. locating in 
Livingston county, for many vear- he enji 
the reputation ,,f being one of the mosl 
perienced and Mirre^sful stockmen of the state, 
and passing a gnodh portion of his life there 
,i- ,i farmer and stockraiser. devoting especial 
attention to tine grade, of sheep, and being 

first breeder of Shropshire sheep in that state. 
He served as judge at many state and inter- 
national fairs and expositions, and was con- 
sidered one of the best judges of sheep in the 
whole I nitcd States. In 1893 he disposed of 
interests in Michigan and coming to Wyo- 
.; took up land in Albany county and gave 
his attention exclusively to stockraising. He 
also purchased a residence property in Laramie 

3 winter home, but by reason of failing 
health was obliged to seek a more congenial 
clime; accordingly in icpi he removed to Cali- 
fornia, where he now lives. His wife is a na- 
tive of Scotland and a woman of character and 
ability. Harry C. Garlock was born in Liv; 
ton county, Mich., in November, 1875, and dur- 
ing his youthful years he attended the public 
schools, and early in life began working with 
his father, whose ripe experience in the live- 
stock business early influenced the young man 
to turn his attention to that important and 
profitable industry. He accompanied his par- 
mis to Wyoming and resided with them until 
his twenty-first year, when he began life for 
himself as a mail carrier for the I". S. go 
nient. later choosing cattleraising as th 
means of acquiring a fortune. In the fall of 
iS<7 he took up a ranch on Blue Grass Creek, 
twenty-four miles southwest of Whcatland. Wyo., 
which he stocked with cattle and on which he 
has since lived in the activ cution of 

a business in every respect encouraging in its 
financial results, his estate consisting 
ai res of meadow and tooo acres < >f grazing land. 
unexcelled for situation and richness of herb- 
age and the large herds of cattle which 
thereon affords abundant evidence <>f the con- 
tinued prosperity of the enterprising proprietor. 
Mr. I iarlock is truly a progressive young man. 
not onlv in business, but as ;l public spirited 
citizen, for he is interested in \\h ends 

to build ii]) and improve the community. Thus 
far he has more tli m r< .dized his financial 

lions, and those who know him besl 
did for him a continued prosperity and h< 

a large measure of public confidence and 
estei ni. 



A leading physician oi Saratoga, Wyoming, 
and one oi i lu- vising professional men of the 
state is Dr. Samuel J >. Greene, who was born 
;it < >t!a\va. ( intario, (, on February II, 
18(17,. the son of John and Ellen (Leeway) 
Greene, the former a native of Canada and the 
latter of Ireland. The paternal grandfather 
was a native of Scotland, and came to America 
from his native country in the early part of the 
nineteenth century. He was a British soldier 
of the War of 1812, and after the termination 
of that conflict, he engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in Ontario. His son John Greene was long 
engaged in lumbering in his native country of 
Cartada, and retired with a competency some 
years ago. He now makes his residence at 
Amprior. Ontario. Dr. Greene attained man- 
hood in his native city of Ottawa, and there 
acquired his elementary education in the public 
schools. When he had completed his prelimin- 
ary preparation, he matriculateel at the Queen's 
University, at Kingston, and pursued a special 
course of study for about two years, when he 
entered the medical department of the same in- 
stitution. After completing his course he was 
graduated in the class of '90, with the degree 
of M. D., C. M., and entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Bancroft, in County Hast- 
ings, Ontario. He remained here for about 
three years, meeting with marked success, then 
disposed of his practice and removed to the town 
of Arnprior, where he continued in practice for 
about five years, when he located in Nebraska. 
Remaining here about six months, he removed 
to Rawlins, Wyoming, where he opened an of- 
fice and was engaged in successful practice for 
about one year. In the year 1899 ne disposed 
of his practice at Rawlins and removed to the 
city of Saratoga, Wyo., where he has since 
made his home and been continuously engaged 
in medical practice. He has been uniformly 
successful, has built up a large practice in Sara- 
toga and the surrounding country, and has an 
extended reputation. Fraternally the Doctor 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, holding 

the position of prelate in his local lodge; and 
with the Fraternal < >rder of Eagles, and the 
Modern Woodmen of America, of which he is 
the physician. He is the examining physician 
for the New York Life Insurance Co., and the 
Mutual Life Insurance Co., of New York, and 
is often called in consultation by physicians in 
other sections of the state. He is a hard 
student, thoroughly familiar with the most mod- 
ern theories and treatment of disease, 'having 
the fullest confidence of the people in the com- 
munity where he maintains his home and is 
deservedly popular with all classes of people. 


One of the leading, public spirited and pro- 
gressive men of Albany county, Wyoming, is 
Hon. Charlton M. Gregory, a prominent citi- 
zen of Centennial and the subject of this re- 
\ iew. A native of the state of New York, he 
was born in 1838, the son of Samuel K. and 
Cynthia (Blanchard) Gregory, the former a na- 
tive of New York, and the latter of Vermont. 
The father followed farming in his native state 
and subsequently removed his residence to Wis- 
consin, where he continued in the same pursuit, 
still later removing to Iowa, where he remained 
until his decease, which occurred in 1880. He 
was the son of James Gregory of Scotch descent, 
who lived to a very great age in his native state 
of New York, and not being less than 101 years 
old at the time of his death. The mother of 
the subject of this sketch was born in 1815, the 
daughter of Willard and Sally (Schley) Bla'-ch- 
ard, well-known and respected residents of Ver- 
mont. She passed away in 1902, having attained 
the age of eighty-seven years. C. M. Gre- 
gory grew to manhood in the states of New 
York and Wisconsin, and received his early 
education in the public schools of the com- 
munities where the family resided during his 
childhood and youth. At the age of sixteen 
years he became a teacher in the public schools 
of Wisconsin and continued in that calling for 
some years. Desiring then to acquire a knowl- 
edge of merchandising, he gave up teaching 


9 1 

and secured a position in a Wisconsin mercan- 
tilr establishment, in which he remained until 
iSoi. In that year he emigrated lo 'lie Pacific 
coast, returning in 1X05. In tS(>o he accepted 
.1 position as a cnnniiercial traveler, going on 
the road as a .-alesinuii for about ten years. He 
then engaged in the mercantile business for 
liiinself in the city of Warren. 111. Here he re- 
mained for some three years and met \viih 
varying success. At this time he was nominated 
and elected to the office of comity treasurer, 
serving in that capacity with conspicuous ability 
for ihree successive terms. At the expiration 
oi In- term oi office he disposed of his business 
interests in Illinois and removed his residence 
t,, Sutli Dakota. Here he was engaged in 
farming for a time, and was nominated and 
elected as a member of the Hoard of County 
Commissioners of the county of which lie was 
a citixen and was a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention in 1885. Disposing of his in- 
sts in South Dakota in iSuo. he came to 
\\ \oniing and engaged in ranching and mining 
in the vicinity of Centennial. He has been suc- 
cessful in his business ventures and is a man of 
high character and fine attainments. Politically 
he has all his life been actively identified with 
the Republican party, and has been one oi il 
trusted leaders in no less than three- states. 
Since making his home in Wyoming, he has 
been twice nominated and elected as a mem- 
ber of the legislative assembly, and many 
measures of legislation beneficial to the peo- 
ple of the state were enacted during his term 
of office, standing a.- monuments to his ability 
and patriotic devotion to public duty. Tie is 
one of the most capable men of his slate in con- 
nection \\itli all matters affecting the public 
welfare and his abiliu and popularity are such 
lint should he desire further political honors they 
\\oiild be gladly conceded to him by his fellow cit- 
i/uis. In 1807, at the cit\ of Warren. 111., Mr. 
i rregory was united in marriage \\ith Miss Julia 
Snprise. daughter of Louis and Julia SupriM-, 
well-known and honored residents of Illinois'. 
the father being a Canadian by birth, who re 
mo\ed from his native count rv lo the cil\ of 

I.ockport. \. Y.. and snbsei|uentl\ established 
his home at Warren, 111. I'.oth of the parents 

are living, making their 1 ic in ' 

i .'iid Mrs. ( iregory ha\e ii\. children : Charl- 
ton L., Myron S.. Francis \\ .. Albert 1-'.. and 
Louis A. 'I heir home is noted for its sur- 
roundings of culture and retinemein. as well 
as for the generous and gracious hospitality 
there dispensed. 


Among the younger generation oi p 
gressive business men of the slate of Wyoming, 
upon whom must devolve the future develop- 
ment and government of the commonwealth 
i- ( ieorge ( '. ( irant. of I slay, who was born on 
Inly 2-_{. 1X75. in Portage county, Ohio, and the 
son of William II. and Ella E. (Allyni (iraut. 
the former a native of Indiana, and the ' 
ol < mio. His father in earl} life was engaged 
i carpenter and builder in Portage county. 
( >hio. anil in 1X78. he removed his residence to 
Iowa, settling in Dallas county and engaging 
in farming, in which he continued until i SSo. 
when he removed to Xebraska. where he es- 
tablished his home in Hayes county, still con- 
tinuing farming. He remained there until [894 
when, owing to the severe drought, he sold out 
and moved to u/ark county. Missouri. Here 
he continued in agricultural operations until 
ihe I;<11 i i I'MU. when he moved to Kansas, and 
made his home in Stafford count}. Mere he 
has since maintained his residence, and is still 
following the occupation of farming. The 
mother passed away on lul\ 6, iSoo. and is 
buried in Stafford count}. Georgi ' Cram re- 
mained at home will) his parents until he had 
attained to th.- age of eighteen years, /eceiv- 
ing his earl\ education in the schools of lo\\a 
and of lla\es count}. Xeb. In the spring of 
1X04. having an ambition to make his own 
uay in the world and to t r\ his fortune in the 
in \\ country farther west, he left his home in 
Xebraska and set out for \\'\ oming for the 
purpose of learning the cattle business and he 
soon ei-ureil employment at the ranch of () 


Harris on the Running \YuUT Creek for 
live month>, anil in the fall of the same 
he accepted a position on the ranch of 1\. S. 
Van Tassell in i . count \. He continu- 

ed here for about three years, engaged during 
the greater portion of that time in riding the 
lange, and in this capacity he acquired a thor- 
ough knowledge of the business of handling 
range cattle, so that now he is considered one 
of the most capable men on a cattle ranch in 
his section of Wyoming. In November, 1897, 
he made a visit to his parents at his old home, 
remaining with them until January, 1898, when 
he returned to Wyoming and became the man- 
ager of the ranch where he had formerly been 
employed. He remained here about one year, 
conducting the business with great success, 
and in the spring of 1899 he was given entire 
charge, with a working partnership interest, of 
the ranch where he now resides, on North Crow 
Creek, about twenty miles northwest of Chey- 
enne. This property is also owned by Air. Van 
Tassell, and is one of the finest places in that 
section of the state, comprising about 5,100 
acres of land, with a large adjacent range and 
extensive improvements and a large tract of 
the best hay land. On November 23, 1898, Mr. 
Grant was united in the bonds of marriage, 
at "Crawford, Neb., with Miss May A. Sides, 
a native of Pennsylvania, a daughter of Joseph 
and Delia C. (Miller) Sides, both natives of 
the state of Pennsylvania. Removing from 
their native state to Nebraska, the parents of 
Mrs. Grant established their home in Dawes 
county, where the father engaged in the busi- 
ness of cattle raising, in which he is still oc- 
cupied. The mother passed away in Dawes 
county on August 29, 1890, and is buried in 
Crawford, Neb. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Grant two children have been born, Ida I. and 
Roy A., both of whom are living. Fraternally, 
Mr. Grant is affiliated with the order of Modern 
Woodmen of America, being a member of the- 
lodge at Harrison, Neb. Politically, he is a 
stanch adherent of the Republican party, and 
is an active and prominent factor in the party 
in his section of the state. He is a good type 

the progressive, ambitious and successful 
ig stockmen of Wvoming. Industrious, 
clear-headed and also having marked business 
ability, he is sure to be heard from in the future 
business life of his section of the young com- 
mi inwealth. 


For nearly a quarter of a century con- 
tinuously was Jacob Greub a resident of the 
Crazy Woman Creek district of Wyoming, be- 
ing among the first white men to "stick their 
stakes" in this region at a time when it was cer- 
tainly an unbroken wilderness, given up to the 
successive ravages of ferocious beasts and pred- 
datory bands of savage men. He has seen it 
come kindly and generously into the ways of 
civilized life, yielding its tribute gladly to sys- 
tematic cultivation, as it had heretofore done to 
sporadic and thriftless violence. And if honor 
is accorded to one who inherits the triumphs 
and traditions of a long line of ancestry, surely 
not less does it belong to one who founds a 
race or helps to establish a dynasty in a new 
land. Such is the tribute due to Mr. Greub, 
who was born on July 12, 1861, at St. Joseph, 
Mo., the son of Rudolph and Elizabeth (Ofelder) 
Greub, natives of Switzerland, who came to 
America late in the 'fifties and settling near 
the city of St. Joseph, engaged in farming until 
1864, when they removed to Boulder county, 
Colo., and there passed the remainder of their 
lives in the same peaceful occupation. Their 
son Jacob grew to the age of seventeen in Boul- 
der county, assisting his parents on the farm 
and attending the district school until 1878, 
when, assuming the duties of life for himself, 
he went to Larimer county and found employ- 
ment for a year on a cattle ranch. In the sum- 
mer of 1879 he came with his brother-in-law 
to Crazy Woman Creek, driving a herd of cat- 
tle, and like the children of Israel in respect to 
Canaan, they found that the land was good and 
determined to make it their home. They squat- 
ted on the virgin soil and at once began an 
industry in raising cattle. They w r ere the first 



S( ttlers in all this region and, in spite of tempta- 
tions and seemingly strong indue. "go 
elsewhere, . the) steadily remained here until 

pursuing their chosen vocations, improv 
ing iheir land and adding to the conveniences 
and the value of their homes until they made 
the "wilderness blossom as the rose" veritably. 
In the year last mentioned Mr. ( Ircnb sold his 
ranch and removed to a leased one on Little 
1'iney Creek, fifteen miles north of Buffalo, it 
being the homestead taken up by his father-in- 
law, < ieorge Hepp, in earlier years. Mr. Hepp 
1 into this region in 1882 and was en- 
gaged in ranching and cattleraising until his 
death on t Ictober 10, 1901. When the weight 
ni" years became heavy and he wished to retire 
from active pursuits, he took up his residence 
on an adjoining ranch which he owned, leasing 
his home place to Mr. Greub. It is now a part 
of his estate to which there are two heirs in 
addition to his daughter. It comprises 800 
acres of excellent land and is one of the finest 
ranches on the creek:. I Ie has also a ranch on 
Shell (.'reek which he leases. On November -'4, 
[885, in Johnson county, Wyoming, occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Greub and Miss Elizabeth 
llepp. a native of New York city and daughter 
of (ieorge and Elizabeth Hep)), natives of ( ier- 
many. Her mother is still living al her home 
in I'.nii'alo. \Y\o. In politics Mr. Greuh is a 
Republican, one of the highly respected old- 
timers of the county, and he has the esteem 
and confidence of its people, not only as one 
of the founders and builders, but also as one 
of the most substantial citi/eiis of their county. 

< ). A. HAMII.TI IN. 

I \ ery honorable prolcssion or vocation has 
its legitimate place in the scheme <>f human ac- 
tivity and constitutes a part of the general plan 
\\hereb\ life's methods are pursued and man's 
destiny ultimate!) achieved. While all repu- 
table callings are needful, the actual importance 
of each is largely determined by its relative 
usefulness. So dependent is man upon his fel- 
lowmen that the worth of the individual is de- 

termined b\ what he has done to benefit his 
kind and in the main a man succeeds best in 
a single vocation, yet there are many who have 
achieved, prominence in different lines of effort. 
The gentleman \\hose name appears above be- 
longs to the laiter class in that his career has 
been a varied one, devoted at different times 
to different pursuits. As a civilian he has 
been a forceful factor in business and industrial 
affairs and as a soldier in the greatest civil war 
of history he did valiant service for his country, 
earning a record of which any defender of the 
Union might feel justly proud. O. A. Hamil- 
ton was born in Beaver county, Pa., in 1848, 
and his father. Milton Hamilton, was also a 
I'ennsylvaniaii bv birth and for a number of 
years a distinguished teacher in his own state 
and Ohio. He moved to Ohio about 1853 and 
until his death thirty-one years later was princi- 
pal of schools at various places, his last field 
of labor being the town of Middleport, where 
he departed this life in 1884. He was the son 
of Robert Hamilton, a native of Scotland who 
emigrated to America in an early day and 
settled in the Keystone State. Sophia Lyon, 
wife of Milton Hamilton and mother of the sub- 
ject of this review, was the daughter of Samuel 
and Kalherine I Eaton) Lyon, all three born in 
Pennsylvania and the father a fanner by occu- 
pation. < ). A. Hamilton was a lad of five years 
old when his parents moved to ( >hio and he 
grew to maturitv and received his educational 
training in that slate, remaining at home until 
the breaking out of the Civil War when realiz- 
ing that the country had need of all the aid her 
loyal sons could render, h.' joined the army as 
an artificer, beiii'j, too young to carry arms and 
nil the duties of a soldier, entering the 
service when onlv lourtecn \cars and ten 
months old. A little later he served as private 
in the Fourth lndep> ndent Battalion, ( Hlio Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, and at the expiration of his 
period ol enlistment joined the Second < >hi<> 
Cavalry, being promoted corporal of his coin 
panv. Mr. Hamilton's military career covered 
!i\ .ears of time, during which lie saw much 
active service and took part in a number of 



campaigns, participating in some '>: ihe blood 

iest battle- for which that greal struggle is 
noted, \\lii-n tin- war closed he enlisted in the 
Fourth LJ. S. tnfantry, -.erving until 1870 and 
pa-sing tho greater ]iart of the time in the 
western territories, lit was discharged at Fort 
l.aramie. Wyo.. in 1X70 and immediately began 
freighting and ranching. Tie followed this life 
for a number of years, meeting with many inter- 
esting and thrilling experiences but was always 
exempt from personal danger, as witness the 
Ute outbreak of 187^ in which he lost his en- 
tire freighting outfit. In 1890 he engaged in 
sheepraising in Wyoming and continued tin- 
business until the fall of 1894, when he sold out 
and purchased the Natrona County Tribune, 
which he edited and published for one year, 
then, severing his connection with journalism, 
he engaged in mining at South Pass and he has 
devoted his energies to that business to the 
present time. Mr. Hamilton has led a very act- 
ive and strenuous life . Experiencing all the 
hard-hips, dangers and other vicissitudes of 
war, he discharged his ever)' obligation with 
commendable fidelity, never shirked a responsi- 
bility however onerous or dangerous, and left 
the service cheered by the consciousness of duty 
bravely and uncomplainingly performed. His 
business career has also been varied and at 
limes not as successful as he could have desired 
but in the main satisfactory from a financial 
point of view. He has realized a handsome in- 
come from his mining operations, having lo- 
cated and developed some valuable properties, 
besides owning others which promise large re- 
turns. Mr. Hamilton has taken an active part 
in the political affairs of Sweetwater county, 
being one of the prominent Republicans in this 
part of the state. Recently he was elected thi 
superintendent of Water District No. 4, and at 
the present writing is a member of the state 
board of control. He also served as sergearit- 
at-arms of the House of Representatives of 
Wyoming, and in various other capacities has 
been brought to the public gaze. In 1876 he 
was united in the bonds of wedlock with Miss 
Maggie Higley of Ohio, daughter of Austin 

and Eliza (Smith) Ili-ley, the union result ing 
in the birth of four children: Clara, who died in 
1894 at ihe age of seventeen, Milton A., Lilia 
X. and Maggie. Mr. Hamilton has always had 
the welfare ol ihe < Mtmnunity at heart and as 
a public spirited man of affairs lends his sup- 
port and active cooperation to every measure 

for the genera] g 1. He has upheld worthily 

an honored anee-iral name and has been faith- 
ful to every trust confided to him, loyal in his 
friendships and devoted to the best intends 
of his family, friends and country. He possesses 
broad humanitarian principles and is essentially 
a man of the people. As a citizen none stand 
higher and his relations with his fellow men 
are characterized by courtesy, suavity, culture 
and good breeding. His manners are kindly, 
and all who come within the range of his 
personal influence acknowledge his fine social 
qualities and speak of him as a true type of 
the generous and free-hearted gentleman. 


One of the progressive and rising young 
men of Albany county, \\yoming, is the subject 
of this brief sketch, Archie D. Hamner, whose 
address is Spring Hill. A native of the state 
of New York, he was born in Hamilton county, 
August 19, 1866, the son of Charles and Hulda 
(Jordan) Hamner. both also natives of the Em- 
pire state. His father was a farmer in his na- 
tive state until 1883, when he disposed of his 
property and removed to Iowa, establishing his 
home in Butler county and there continued life 
as a farmer until 1886, when he went to the 
territory of Wyoming, settled in Horseshoe 
Creek Park, and there engaged in cattleraising. 
Here he continued up to the year 181)4, when 
he disposed of his property in Wyoming to 
good advantage, and returned again to his early 
home at Long Lake, Hamilton county, N. Y., 
where he has since made his home. The mother 
passed away in November, 1899, and awaits the 
resurrection in the burial ground at Long Lake, 
New York. Archie D. Hamner grew to man- 
hood in his native state and received his earlv 



education in the public schools of Long Lake. 
In iSS^ lu- came to Iowa with his parents and 
there remained until iSSd, assisting his father 
in the work and management of the farm. In 
the latter year he followed his father to \\ yo 
mini;' and took up the home ranch which he 
occupies on Horseshoe Creek. in Albany 
county, about twenty-eight miles west of Glen- 
do, engaged in the cattle business and there re- 
mained until tSijj, when he removed to Dead- 

\\ 1. South Dakota, for about four months, 

but not meeting with the success there he had 
anticipated, he returned to his ranch on Horse- 
shoe (..'reek and continued in his former business 
of '"ink-raising until the spring of 1894. when, 
selling his cattle, he purchased a large band of 
horses which he drove overland to Iowa and 
then shipped them to New York. Owing to the 
low price of horses this business venture did 
not prove to be successful and he returned to 
his ranch and again engaged in the .cattle busi- 
ness. P.y hard work, energv and determined 
perseverance he has retrieved his losses and built 
himself up, until he is now counted one of the 
prosperous business men of that section of the 
county. In the early part of 1900 he purchased 
one-half interest in a sawmill near his ranch. 
and was a partner in that business until June, 
i<)o_>, when he disposed of his interest in the 
mill to good advantage. Since then he has d. 
voted himself exclusively to the cattle business. 
In iSi.H) In \isited his parents in New York 
and was there at the time of his mother's death. 
Mr. Hamner has a fine ho'me ranch, consisting 
of (So acres of land, well fenced and improved, 
having all the equipments for the successful car- 
rying on of the cattleraising business. Mr. 
Hamner has recently purchased a claim in the 
mountains adiac.-m to the land there owned by 
him. which makes him the o\\ner of 040 acres 
in the hills, where he has a summer range for 

i ,( head of si i ick, but as he could cut but i 50 

tons of ha\. and n-ali/ing that he must use 

much more than thai <iu;mlity, lu- bought a 

ranch of _}_<> acres at tin month of Horseshoe 

k, tuenU miles below the hills, which can 

nade lo produce 500 tons of alfalfa hay. 

and with this prpert\ he obtained ooo ,. 
of leased land. There is a weed that grows in 
the hills which is so poisonous that it frequently 
kills the cattle that eat it during the six y 
of the spring season that it is attractive for 
food, so Mr. Hamner, by having a ranch in the 
valley where he can keep his stock during this 
period, can avoid the loss he has heretofore suf- 
fered from this cause, lie has just comple 
line modern residence of nine rooms, where he 
and his attractive wife generously entertain 
their numerous friends. ( )n April 24, iSS.j, at 
I louglas. \\\o., Mr. Hamner was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary F. \\-well. a native 
of Iowa and the daughter of George and Adelia 
Xewell, prominent citizens of Black Hawk 
count}'. Iowa, of which state thev were pioin i i - 
and later, in 1886, they removed their residence 
from that state to the territory of \\ \ i lining, 
where tin \ established their home on I forse- 
shoe ('reek, where the father was a stockman 
up to the time of his demise, the mother still 
residing at the home ranch. Mr. llamner has 
made a study of the important subject of ir- 
rigation, and is one of the best informed men 
on that subject, which is of such vast import- 
ance to the western country. Fraternally, he is 

affiliated with the order of W linen of the 

World, as a member of the lodge at Douglas, 
Wyoming. In politics he is identified with the 
Republican party, and is taking an active and 
prominent part in the party in the section \\here 
he resides, being held in high esteem by all 
who know him. 


( hie , if the leading stockmen nlie 

conntx. \\lio has recently engaged in the busi- 
ness, having formerly been a prosperous busi- 
ness man of ( liicago. 111., is ('hristian Haul". 
u li. ISC residence is at < i, \\ A 

native of < Icrmany. lie was born on M.> 
1X51,. the son of I :nd Maragratle i : 

llanf. both natives of the Fatherland, where 


his father was the proprietor of a distillery. 
\\hc > remi >ved his t esidena ( > Vmerica in 



establishing his new home in tin- cit \ < *i Chi- 
cago. 111., where he engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits ami as a manufacturer of matches, in 
which he remained active tip to 1X83, when he 

ived to the territor) of Dakota and entered 
into the occupation <>f farming, remaining here 
for aboul ei.ghi years and in 1891 disposing of 
liis farm and property in South Dakota and re- 

d to Chicago. Here he remained for about 
one \ear and then came to Wyoming to take 
charge of the large cattle interests which his 
son Christian had acquired in that section. He 
continued in this occupation until 1902, the year 
of his decease, which occurred on the i6th day 
of March, and he lies buried in the cemetery 
situated near his former home at Glendo. The 
mother departed this life on October 28, 1899, 
and she is buried by the side of her husband. 
Christian Hauf passed his early childhood in 
the Fatherland and received his early education 
there. Coming to this country with his parents 
at the age of ten years, he completed his edu- 
cal ion in the public schools of Chicago, leaving 
school in 1873 and becoming an apprentice to 
the butchering business. Subsequently he had 
employment with various large meat markets of 
the city, was there during the great fire and saw 
the practical destruction of that city and he has 
also been a witness to its marvelous rebuild- 
ing and to its marvelous growth and develop- 
ment. In 1883 he came to the territory of 
Dakota and located at the town of Blunt, as a 
farmer, continuing in that occupation for about 
five years, when he disposed of his farm and 
other property interests in Dakota, and took 
a trip of combined business and pleasure to the 
Pacific coast. Returning in the spring of 1888, 
he established himself in Chicago in the whole- 
sale and retail meat business on Commercial 
avenue. In this enterprise he met with remark- 
able success, and added to his operations from 
year to year until he became the owner of three 
large markets situated in different portions of 
the city. He was also the owner of a fine resi- 
dence, valuable real estate and other property. 
In 1901 he became interested in the cattle busi- 
ness on the ranges of the western country and 

came to \\ \ < mtinL; to acquire an interest in that 
class d| property. Tin ranch and property 
which he now owns and occupies was at that 
time for sale and he purchased it from its former 
owner. It is situated on Horseshoe Creek, about 
thirty-five miles southeast of Douglas, Wyo., and 
was formerly known as the Bob Walker ranch, 
having been located in the early days of the terri- 
tory, being one of the first ranches taken up in 
that section of the country and it is one of the 
historic places of Wyoming. After acquiring 
this property, he returned to Chicago and dur- 
ing the following year his father came to Wyo- 
ming to take charge of its management and ihe\- 
engaged extensively in cattleraising. Chris- 
tian Hauf still retained his large business 
interests, in Chicago, Illinois, but came to Wyo- 
ming twice each year to assist his father 
in the handling of their cattle interests. In 
1900 he closed out his business in Chicago and 
removed his family to Wyoming, establishing 
his residence at the ranch on Horseshoe Creek, 
and he has since that time made that place his 
home. His cattle business has grown to enor- 
mous proportions, and he is now the owner of 
one of the finest ranch properties in Wyoming, 
having at his home ranch about 1,400 acres of 
land, well fenced and improved, with more than 
a thousand acres under irrigation. He has a 
large modern residence, with the improvements 
and comforts usually found in a well appointed 
modern city home, and large barns and build- 
ings for the handling of his immense herds of 
stock. He is exclusively engaged in the cattle 
business and devotes his attention chiefly to the 
Durham breed. He is one of the solid business 
men and property owners of Laramie county, 
and is well known as a successful cattle man 
throughout the entire state, being held in the 
highest esteem by all classes of his fellow 
citizens. On December 7, 1879, in Chicago, 111., 
Mr. Hauf was united in the holy bonds of wed- 
lock with Miss Susan Fries, a native of Indiana, 
and the daughter of Michael and Gertrude 
Fries, both natives of Germany. Her parents 
emigrated from the Fatherland to America in 
1854, and first located in Chicago where they 



remained for a short time, then removed to 
Indiana, where they settled in Lake county, 
and engaged in fanning, in whieh pursuit they 
remained up to the time of their deaths, the 
fathi r passing away on April 29, iSc>S, and the 
mother on March 26, 1902, and lioth are buried 
at Seherer\ ille, Jnd. Mr. and Mrs. Hani 
have six children, namelv, George, Flizabeth. 
Matilda, Charles J., William a ederick C. 

All are living except ' . lio died in 1884 

at the age of live years and six months, ! 
burieil at Pierre, S. D., and Elizabeth, \\lio 
died ,11 the ag( of thirteen months and is buried 
al P.lne Nand, 111. The fatnily home is one 
rioted for its genial and gcm-mus hospitality, 
and the family are members of die Roman 
('atliolie church and take a deep interest in all 
charity and religion. Fraternally Mr. 
Ilanf is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, 
being a member of a (Chicago lodge, and Mrs. 
is a member of I ". ( '. ( ). 1'". A stanch ad- 
herent of the Republican parly, Mr. Plant" is a 
al supporter of the principles of that politi- 
cal organization, although never seeking or de- 
siring public office. lie is one of the foremost 
men of hi-, section of Wyoming in developing 
its resource, and building tip its industries. 


Young, energetic, progressive and u< < --fill. 
Robert A. llarper, one of the prominent ranch- 
men of Weston count}-, who never shirked a 
duty or turned his back upon a foe, is a credit 
to the community in which he lives and one of 
iis Edrceful and productive activities. In the 
province of i mtario, Canada, on \pril 20, 1^57. 
he came into being, the son of Irish pai 
\\lio had settled in the Dominion some years 
before. Thev \\eiv (George and Ann |. (S|>< 
Harper, who left the hard and cramped COnd'- 
tions of the l-nierald Isle for the ampler oppor 
tunilies of the \e\\ World, and after a life oi 
usefulness as farmers were laid to rest beneath 
di' soil of their adapted land, llie mother in 
tSSo and the father in iSij^. Their son Robert 
remained at home until he was tvvcnlv three, 
attending the public schools and assisting on 

the farm, thereafter in the spring of [J 
ing to Wyoming and locating ai < heyenne, he 
went to work for Sturgess \ Goodell, who in 
the fall sent him to the Stockade Beaver Creek 

section in their interest, the) having ram 
and cattle there, lie remained with them, rid- 
ing the range and li M iking 
until iSSii. then went to work for J. C. Sp 
on his nearby ranch , 
man until iSS. ). I le thei 
of \\". II. Favvcctt, whose ranch adjoins tl> 
now owned by himself, and had charge of his 
:rt) until -August, njoo. In 1^07 he pur- 
chased the ranch on which he now n 
Stockade I'.eavir Creek, eight miles 
Newcastle, and gradually - ; ; while in the 

service of Mr. Fawcett. In 1900 he seltle 
his own ranch and has since devoted his entire 
time to its development and cultivation and to 
his cattle interests. With steady progress he- 
has added to the improvement of his property 
and the size and qualitv of his herd, making 
them more and more worth 
more in keeping with his ideas of a comfortable 
homestead, his last addition I new 

. \\ hieh v. as en cied in the stimm 
[902. In politics Mr. Harper is a Democrat 
and. although ib interested i 1 

cess of his party, believing in its principle 
the wisdom of its policies, he .! offi- 

cial preferment, being content to exercise his 
Eoro a izen in ad\ ancing the general wel- 

fare of his community without regard to 

i In .in irs. < hi \'c .v ember i i . [899, at I 'hil- 
adehihia. 1'a.. he was united in m; with 

Miss Sallie Swalm, a native of the Keystone 
state, where her parents, Jos, ph and ' 
Swalm, \\ere al-. > born and reared. I "mil his 
death in |S<)S her fath. a prosperous mer- 

chant in Philadelphia, Pa. Her mother i- -till 
living in Tioga. a suburb of that city. 


A pro, pi ions and siu-ces-ful ranchman and 
Stockowner of \lhanv connlx. \\\o:nin^. who 
is ii, >w residi" nU'imial. in that ci 

Reinhold E. lleehl. the subjecl "i" this sketch. 


A native of Pennsylvania, of German descent, 
lu \vas born in 1851, the son of William and 
Elizabeth Hecbt. The father came to Penn- 
sylvania from the Fatherland during the early 
fifties and engaged in farming, subsequently re- 
moving to Ohio, where he continued in the 
same pursuit up to the time of his decease, 
which occurred in 1862. The mother emigrated 
from Germany in early life to Pennsylvania, 
where she resided until her marriage and re- 
moval to Ohio. She died in Ohio in 1878, aged 
seventy-eight years, being the mother of five 
children, two girls and three boys. Reinhold 
Hecht grew to manhood in Ohio, and received 
his early education in the schools of that state, 
principally at the city of Defiance. At the age 
of nineteen years he was compelled by the 
force of circumstances to leave school and make 
his own way in the world, and taking his de- 
parture from Ohio he came to Cheyenne, Wyo., 
and secured employment in the freighting busi- 
ness between that city and Deadwood, Dakota, 
continuing to be thus employed for about five 
years, meeting with varied experiences and with 
some success. At the end of that time he re- 
turned to his former home in Ohio for a short 
time, and then the desire to again return to Wyo- 
ming became so strong that he could no longer 
resist it and he soon found himself in the neigh- 
borhood of Laramie, where he located a home- 
stead and entered upon the business of raising 
horses and cattle, in which he has continued up 
to the present time. He has met with success, 
and by hard work, perseverance, industry and 
good judgment has built up a large and profit- 
able enterprise, which is being steadily in- 
creased from year to year. He is now the owner 
of a fine ranch of over 2,000 acres of land, well 
fenced and improved, with suitable buildings and 
appliances for the proper maintenance of a suc- 
cessful ranching and stockraising business. 
From small beginnnings his business has grown 
until he is now counted as one of the substantial 
property owners of his section of the county, 
and takes especial pride in producing and show- 
in g the best grades of Hereford cattle and well- 
bred heavy draught horses. In 1878 Mr. Hecht 

was united in wedlock with .Miss Lena Sass, a 
native of Germany and the daughter of Henry 
and Frederica Sass, both natives of the Father- 
land. The father emigrated in early life and 
settled in Ohio, where he made his home in the 
city of Defiance, following merchant tailoring. 
He resided in Toledo, Ohio, at the time of his 
death, engaged in the same business. Four 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hecht, 
namely, William, Henry, Mabel and Myrtle, all 
now living. They have lost two children, Eliza- 
beth and Elma, who passed away in Defiance, 
O., where they were buried. The family are 
highly respected in the community where their 
home is located, and are among the most esti- 
mable citizens of Albany county. 


Xewell Becman, a prominent merchant and 
man of affairs of Evanston, . Wyoming, was 
born at Phelps, Ontario county, N. Y., in 1844, 
the son of Thomas and Elvira (Colwell) Bee- 
man. His father was born in Hackensack, 
X. J., on January 7, 1804, going to Phelps when 
a boy of ten years, where he lived on a farm 
till 1867, when he moved to Fenton, Mich., 
where he died in September, 1884. His poli- 
tics were Democratic until 1856 when he joined 
the new Republican party, and he was an active 
member of the Presbyterian church, as was his 
wife, who was born at Seneca Castle, N. Y.. in 
1810 and died at Fenton, Mich., in 1893. She 
was a homeloving woman and the mother of 
five children, four of whom survive, one having 
died in infancy. Mr. Beeman's paternal grand- 
father, Josiah Beeman, a coppersmith by trade, 
was born in Connecticut but moved to New 
Jersey when young and later to Phelps, N. Y., 
where he died. His wife Sally (Crane) Beeman 
was a native of New Jersey. Going to Michi- 
gan from Xew York at the age of 92 years she 
died at Williamstown in that state, aged 94 
years. The parents of Elmira Colwell Beeman, 
mother of Newell Beeman, were Daniel and 
Thankful (Payne) Colwell, natives of Rhode 
Island. Daniel moved to Seneca Castle, N. Y., 

I <fi I 


ASTc ' 



where ho lived the life of a farmer until his 
death at the age of 75. Thankful L'ayne left 
Rhode Island with her parents, who settled at 
Seneca Castle, X. Y., where she was married 
with Air. Heeman and lived to be 87 years old, 
being' a very charming and refined old lady. 
Xewell r.eeman received his early education at 
the district school of Phelps, N. Y., and fol- 
lowing this he attended the Phelps Union 
Classical School and Bryant & Stratton's Com- 
mercial College, from which reputable school 
he was graduated in 1863. His first employ- 
ment was in a hardware store in Buffalo, N. Y., 
where he remained for a year and then was 
engaged in the store of the Russell & Erwin 
Manufacturing Co., in New York City. Here 
he remained three years and then went to 
( Juincy, 111., and worked for the hardware com- 
pan\ of Chas. E. Allen about four years, dur- 
ing which time he was quite an extensive 
tra\eler. His next change was to St. Louis 
win-re he kept books about a year and then re- 
turned to Xew York to work in the office of 
Clark, Wilson & Co., where he remained until 
1X7 1, then came to Almy, Wvo., and worked 
for the Rocky Mountain Coal & Iron Co. for 
two years, following this employment he took 
a trip to Texas, staying about a year and re- 
turned to Almy to resume labor with (he coin- 
pan\ he had left, but this time as super- 
intendent, and so he continued until i SXi ,. 
Meanwhile he had engaged in mercantile ven- 
tures at Ainu and was interested in a Store at 
Kvansinu, now known as the Keeman & Cashin 
Mercantile Co. The company he represented 
as superintendenl and manager closing its husi- 
ness in May, 1900. in 189-' Mr. Beeman moved 
with his family to Salt Lake City, which city has 
since been his home, lie is a man f business 
and tn business he gives close atleniiiiii. In 
addition to the interests alread) inili'd he has 
a branch drygoods store at Koek Springs, \Vy<>.. 
and is interested in the < 'onmiercial Xalional 
Haul, of Salt Lake City, having been a mem- 
ber i if its b< iard of direr, , 

I'olitically lie is a Republican and has brld 

county offices in I 'inta count;, at various times. 

?\lr. lie-email was first married in July. 1^7-'. 
at I 'helps, X. Y., with Miss Damaris Peck, a 
native of Phelps and a daughter of Hiram and 
Louisa i \\etmorei I'eek. her father being a 
prominent Democrat, at one time sheriff of 
( (ntario count}', X. Y., where he passed his 
life and was buried, his death occurring in 1890. 
His wife was a native of Western Xew York, 
an active member of the Baptist church and a 
strong temperance worker who died in 1895 
and was buried at Phelps. Mrs. Beeman died 
in 1877 and is also buried at Phelps. She was 
a noted singer and an active worker in the cir- 
cles of her Baptist church, being survived by her 
husband and two daughters, Edna L., Mrs. 
W. H. Dayton of Salt Lake City, and Damaris 
A., who resides with her father. Mr. Beeman 
married his present wife in 1877 at Ouincy. 111., 
and she was formerly Miss Anna J. Harvey, 
born in Ouincy, a daughter of Samuel and 
Annie G. Harvev. Her father, born in England 
in 1805, came to the United States when a 
young man, settled near Ouincy, 111., and fol- 
lowed farming until his death in the eighties. 
His wife. Annie G., was born in Germany and 
came to this country when a child with her 
parents, who also settled at Ouincy, 111., where 
she is still living. Mr. Deoman has one child 
by his present wife: Alice J. Beeman. 


From the hills and valleys of southern Penn- 
sylvania which teem with a thrifty, self-reliant 
and resourceful population, to the prairie- 
ranges of eastern \Y\oming, . t un- 
tenanted. which promise bountiful returns for 
the zeal of the husbandman and ampli 0] 
tunity for all, is a long step in longitude and 
conditions, but it is one that reuards those who 
make it. most repaying them for the 
,ii: volun is, number and 

in cdneati' 'iial and civic 

tledness and security in fiscal and government 
surroundings, with boum' pe for skill. 

limit 1 enterprise, an uncramped 

t:i Id for personal dominion and un 

54 7 <:']/* 



readiness and responsiveness of market for 
i \ i-r\ ware they have to offer, whether it be of 
labor or its fruits. This step has been taken by 
Ambrose A. Hemler of Crook county, to his ad- 
vantage. He was born in Adams county, Pa., on 
September 16, 1852. There his parents, George 
and Catherine (Smith) Hemler lived and pros- 
pered, as their forefathers had done for genera- 
tions; and there in 1871, after a useful life which 
was ended before its energy was spent, the moth- 
er was laid to rest. The father is a plasterer by 
trade, and although advanced in years is still pur- 
suing his serviceable craft in the place of his na- 
tivity. Their son Ambrose was educated in the 
schools of his native county, and two terms in the 
Conowago Preparatory School in the same state. 
He then had to quit his studies on account of 
failing eyesight, and began his business career 
as a clerk and salesman in a store at Port Carbon 
in the same state. He followed his service in 
this capacity with two years of hard work as a 
fireman on the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad 
and in 1879 started for the great West, reaching 
Kansas in the fall and halting there for the 
winter, the next spring going to Missouri where 
he worked on a farm for a year. The next year 
was passed in similar work in Illinois and the 
next still in Nebraska. In the spring of 1882 he 
came to South Dakota and during the following 
two years was employed on a farm near Spear- 
fish. He then passed two more years working 
in a sawmill in the Black Hills and in 1886 came 
to Wyoming and to Crook county. His first 
employment here was for eighteen months in the 
service of a large cattle company on Powder 
River. He then took up the ranch on which he 
now lives, ten miles north of Sundance, where he 
has remained and built up an expanding indus- 
try in ranching and cattleraising, adding to his 
land as circumstances permitted or required, 
now having a considerable body by deed and 
and more by lease. He is one of the commanding 
and representative stockmen of the section, and 
has influence of weight in all the affairs of the 
county. No enterprise of moment for the im- 
provement of his portion of the state but feels 
the impulse' of his quickening hand and has the 

benefit of his wise and active mind. As an evi- 
dence of his productive and developing tenden- 
cies, it should be stated that in 1883 he dared 
danger and exposure in helping to build the 
telephone line from Deadwood to Custer and 
Rapid City, S. D. On May 16, 1885, Mr. Hem- 
ler married with Miss Laura E. White of 
Spearfish, S. D., where the marriage took place. 
She was a daughter of Thomas O. and Mary F. 
(Jack) White, former residents of Missouri 
where she was born and where her mother died. 
Her father then removed to Spearfish and there 
passed the rest of his life. He was a veteran of 
the Mexican and Civil Wars and a highly 
esteemed citizen of two states. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hemler have six children, Francis, George, 
Charles, Chester, Bryan and Clara. His father 
was also a veteran of the Civil War, seeing active 
service in that contest as a member of the One 
Hundred and Fifty-second Pennsylvania In- 


The German element in our national life has 
been prominent in many lines of industrial ac- 
livity, also making itself felt in the arts, sciences 
and not a few of the learned professions and 
America has not been slow in recognizing and 
appreciating its eminent influence. The gen- 
tleman whose name appears above is the son 
of a typical representative of the Teutonic char- 
acter and he embodies many of the sturdy phys- 
ical characteristics and mental attributes for 
which his ancestors were noted. Richard Henke, 
father of O. Rudolph Henke, is a native of the 
province of Posen, Prussia, born on August 3, 
1846. He was reared in the town of his birth, 
and after receiving a strict educational training 
in the public schools was apprenticed to the 
trade of machinist, in which he acquired much 
more than ordinary skill. After working for 
some years in various shops in his native coun- 
try he went to Scotland and from 1869 until 
the breaking out of the Franco-Prussian War 
he was similarly employed in Glasgow. When 
the great struggle between Germany and 



France became unavoidable, Mr. Henke re- 
turned home and joined the German army, with 
which he served gallantly until Prussia defeated 
her hereditary enemy after one of the most no- 
table, and to France one of the most humiliat- 
ing wars of modern history. For bravery dis- 
played in some of the bloodiest battles of the 
war Air. Henke received two medals of honor 
and a bombadier's commission, and when the 
war closed he returned to his mechanical pur- 
suits in Glasgow, in which city he was married 
in iSjj with Miss Christina Appal, a native of 
the province <>f Hanover, Germany. After fol- 
lowing his chosen calling in Scotland until iSSi 
Mr. llenke came to America, and for about 
time months worked at his trade in Grand 
Rapids. Mich., then came to Laramie, Wyo., 
and obtained a position in the Union Pacific 
shops, which he held until 1896, and in 1885 he 
bought a ranch on ' Sybylle Creek, which he 
stocked with cattle and placed in the charge of 
his sons while he continued his work in the 
shops at Laramie. In iSSo he disposed of his 
first ranch and in iSSS purchased the improve- 
ments and filed on his present ranch in the 
Sybylle district of Laramie count}', twenty-four 
miles southwest of \Yhcatland, moving to the 
property eight years later. Since i8i/> Mr. 
IN nke has made his home on the ranch and in 
partner-hip with his son, who manages the es- 
tate, he has been engaged in cattleraising upon 
quite an extensive scale. His life has been 
active and busy, attended at times by thrilling 
episodes, especially during his military life, and 
from tin- beginning to the present time his ca- 
reer has been upright, straightforward and in 
ever) respect honorable and praiseworthy, lie 
proposes to pass tlu- remainder of his da\s in 
the health-inspiring, free outdoor life of the 
ranch and to enjoy here some of the fruits of his 
many years of honest industry. While retaining 
many tender recoiled ions of the Fatherland 
and losing no jot of his ]o\alt\ to its govern 
ineiil. Mr. llenke is a true American and mani- 
fests a mos| profound regard for the laws and 
institutions of his adopted country. He is an 
ellenl citizen, true to his ideals of right, and 

his character and integrity are above reproach. 
He is well liked in the community where he 
lives and enjoys the unbounded confidence of 
all. Mr. and Mrs. Henke have had five children, 
Reinhold. I'auline, Rudolph, Richard and Rose. 
Rudolph Henke, who is his father's partner and 
business manager, was born in Glasgow, Scot- 
land, on May 29, 1876, and was about five years 
old at the time of the family emigration, con- 
sequently the most of his life has been spent in 
the west, under conditions favorable to sturdy 
physical and mental development. His educa- 
tional discipline embraces a knowledge of the 
branches constituting the public school course, 
but his training in the rugged school of experi- 
ence has been of a wider range and much more 
practical nature, eminently fitting him for the 
duties of a very active and successful business 
life. Since moving to the ranch in 1886 he has 
hi en associated with his father in cattleraising 
and has earned the reputation of a very careful 
and far-seeing business man. The place which 
the two jointly own contains 420 acres of valua- 
ble grazing land, much of which is susceptible 
of tillage, though but a small portion is devoted 
to agriculture. Rudolph Henke is one of the 
intelligent progressive \oiing men of Laramie 
county, and has a prosperous business c; 
before him. He is a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America, belonging to the local 
organization at \Yheatland. 


George P. TIersex. a prominent and success- 
ful stockgrower of Johnson county, came to 
\\ \oining in iSSi and has since resided within 
her borders. I Ie was then without capita] e 
his determined and resourceful spirit and hi- (X 
Cillent health and experience he has gained in 
hard knocks in various parts of this country, 
but he is now one of the substantial and wealthy 
men of his county. Whatever he has now in 
worldly possessions he has accumulated in 
Wyoming and he may therefore be truh 
called a production of the state as well as 
a developei of her industries and natural re- 



sources. He was born in far away Xew Hamp- 
shire, the son of Stephen and Caroline (Thomp- 
son) Hersey, natives of Massachusetts. He 
grew to manhood and was educated in his native 
slate, living on the old homestead and assisting 
in its health-giving but unremunerative toil, until 
he was twenty years old. In 1879 ne came to 
Colorado and went to work in a mill and after 
t\\<> years of this occupation removed to Johnson 
county, WYO., settling on the Brace ranch. He 
also took up land in company with Fred Han- 
chett. In 1886 he sold out to the 4 H Ranch 
Company and then bought an interest in the en- 
terprise. He was interested with this outfit ten 
years when it sold out and in 1887 Mr. Hersey 
bought a ranch on Rock Creek which he still 
owns, in 1887 settling on the ranch which is 
now his home, which consists of 2,200 acres of 
land under deed and 8,000 acres of leased prem- 
ises. On this wide expanse of territory he has 
large herds of fine cattle, the most of his output 
being high-grade Herefords. In all matters of 
benefit and utility to the section in which he lives 
Mr. Hersey takes an earnest interest. He is 
treasurer and one of the leading stockholders of 
the Clouds Peak Reservoir Co., and has given 
much time and energy to its development and 
the proper application of its benefits. In 1891, 
at Butler, Mo., he was married with Miss 
Georgia Basma, a native of Michigan. They 
have one child, their daughter Myrtle. Their 
home is one of the pleasant resorts of the 
neighborhood, where their friends always find 
a hearty welcome and a generous hospitality and 
where the stranger can confidently enter an open 
door and find pleasant entertainment. 


It is indeed a truism that "He serves God 
best who best serves his fellow men", and there 
is no branch of human endeavor or profession 
existence wherein its truth is so fully demon- 
strated as in the medical profession. The 
highest type of man is the successful physician. 
who through love of humanity gives freely of 
his time and talents to the relief of the afflicted. 

.Among this high class Doctor Hocker stands 
out prominently, for he is one of the ablest re- 
]>ivM-ntatives of this noble profession in the state, 
having for a series of years been identified with 
extensive medical practice in various portions 
of Wyoming and also having been worthily 
intrusted with public office and responsibilities 
of a grave and momentous character. He is now 
an honored citizen of Kemmerer, where he is 
established in the practice of both medicine and 
surgery. He was born in Lincoln county, Ky., 
a son of Tillman and Sarah (Morrison) Hocker, 
natives of Kentucky but of Virginia ancestry. 
His father was a farmer and stockman and his 
mother traces her lineage in a direct line to 
William Tell, the hero of Switzerland. To the 
early educational training of Doctor Hocker at 
the schools of Hustonville, Ky., a literary course 
was added at the Christian College and thereafter 
he gave his definite attention to the technical and 
scientific studies necessary to obtain a thorough 
medical education at the celebrated Bellevue Med- 
ical College of New York City, from which su- 
perior institution he graduated in 1868. Engaging 
in practice for his initial location at Harrison- 
ville, Mo., he soon demonstrated that he was well 
and ably equipped for his high profession, five 
years thereafter changing his location to Evans- 
ton, Wyo., and here there was but a brief pas- 
sage of time before popular recognition of his 
talents and professional worth was accorded and 
his reputation .as one of the representative med- 
ical men of the state stands in evidence of his 
just deserts. He soon became the physician and 
surgeon of the Union Pacific at Evanston and 
acquired a large patronage from the best citi- 
zens of the community. After twenty-five years 
of residence in Evanston he removed to Kem- 
merer, where he is now actively engaged in 
medical duties. In addition to a large and in- 
creasing list of private patrons he is the phy- 
sician and surgeon of the Kemmerer Coal Co., 
and of the Oregon Short Line Railroad. A pro- 
nounced and outspoken Democrat, he had not 
been long in the state before recognition of his 
ability as a wise counsellor was shown, and he 
was elected as a county commissioner and his 



t\vi> years' service in this office was followed by 
his election to tin- lower house of the State Legis- 
lature, and he was there distinctively honored in 
his election to fill the dignified office of president 
of the council. Thinking- that his services to his 
constituents and state would he of more advan- 
f vj veil on the il< ir c >f the In >nse he declined 
the high honor and did faithful labor for two 
successive years as a \\orking member in the 
house. The results he obtained were so m;'i 
that the people of his district elected him in due 
siasoii to the Senate \vhcre he displayed the 
same statesmanship and legislative qualities as 
ii; the house, winning high commendations both 
as a. speaker and as a far-seeing, conservative. . i 
puhlic-spiritcil legislator. His earnest efforts in 
helping to organi/e and secure the establishment 
of the State Insane \s\liim will long stand to 
his credit \\ith the people of Wyoming and its 
orgaiii/atioii was very largely due to his earnest 
efforts. I "pon its creation he became its super- 
intendent for two years, doing excellent service 
in this formative period of its history by plac- 
ing its administration on broad and scientific 
foundation-. He pi rsonalh attended to the re- 
moval of tin- state's insane wards from Jack 
\ille. 111., to Evanston, and although there were 
t\\" full carloads of patients there was not an 
accident nor a death while in transit. His party 
associates in Wvoming have held him in high 
honor, for during his incumbency of the chair- 
manship of the Democratic County Committee 
the party won every campaign, and he has been 
a delegate to ever) state convention since be- 
ing a citizen of the state, being also a dele- 
gate from Wvoming to the Democratic Xatioiial 
Convention al Cincinnati wheri General Hancock 
received die presidential nomination. || r aKo 

held the appointment of register of the C. S. 
land oftiee at Evanston for four years during 
the administration ,,f I 'resident Cleveland. 
FraternalK Doctor I locker is identified with the 
Knights of |'\thias at Dianiondville. is a char- 
ter member of the lodge al Kxatiston and a 
chancellor commander of lh< order. Me is also 
a menilxT of the Eagles, the 1 'nited Workmen 
and of the Home Forum. Dr. I bicker wedded 

with Miss Alice Reynolds at Evaiistou on .March 
i.v i^r.v ^' u ' i" ;L daughter of John and Alice 
Rev nolds and was born at Galveston, Tex., where 
her parents died of yellow fever when she was an 
infant. She was thereafter reared to womanhood 
in the cultured home of her maternal uncle, Col. 

R. C. \\ 1. a prominent Confederate ofl 

Their family embraces these children ; R 
a popular dentist <>f Kemnicrer ; Woody, wife 
of l-Vank Mauley, chief engineer of the U. P. 
Coal Co., at Rock Springs; Edith, wife of 
Frank Lander of Evanston: F.ffic, wife of Thom- 
as Davis, the master mechanic of the C.I', mines 
at Cumberland; Jennie, a student of the state 
university in the clas- of i,,oi and 1902 and 
Florence and -Reynolds, who are attending the 
Evanston high school. Doctor and .Mrs. Hocker 
are acknowledged leaders in those social circles 
\\here refinement and culture are in evidence 
and the entire family enjoy a marked popu- 
larity. In the midst of the multitudinous de- 
mands placed upon him by the practice work of 
bis profession and the high official trusts he has 
held, the Doctor has never failed in thoroughly 
reading the best literature of his profession, 
keeping fully abreast of the wonderful adv. 
in the sciences of medicine and surgery, and per- 
sonall) contributing to such advances through 
his experiences in clinical work and his orig 
thought and investigation, though his innate 
St} and unpretentious attitude are such 
that he is signally free from self-adulation. 


This gentleman, who at the present writing 
is conducting a prosperous mercantile business 
at Granger. Wyoming, where he is also the 
nlar and efficient postmaster, has ex] 
the varving conditions oi' life in the M 
Valley, of a range rider in Xehraska and 
successful and prosperous business man in 
\\.oining. Through all the devious windings 
of these various stales of existence Mr. I loskins 
has kepi sieadiK out obji 'ii view, to attain 
a station of high financial standing and pn>hit\. 
and, like all things steadily and persislingly fol- 



lowed, this result has been attained, Mr. lios- 
kins being one of the prominent and representa- 
tive business men of a wide extent of country. 
In the attainment of his purpose he has how- 
ever never sacrificed the amenities of life to 
gain, but has been generous and public-spirited 
and has acquired and kept a large circle of 
friends, who value him for his intrinsic worth. 
He was born on February 17, 1861, in Marshall 
count}-, 111., where his father for years con- 
ducted agricultural operations, but now main- 
tains his home near Fairfield, Neb. He was the 
son of Leonard and Lottie (Taylor) Hoskins, 
both being natives of Ohio. His paternal 
grandfather, John Hoskins, a son of Silas Hos- 
kins. a Virginian, a saddler by trade and a sol- 
dier of the War of 1812, was a native and a long 
lime resident of Ohio, where he married Eliza 
Bonham, and was a farmer. He showed the 
patriotic and military spirit that apparently has 
been the heritage of the family for many past 
generations, and gave loyal service to his country 
under Generals Scott and Taylor in the hotly 
contested battles of the Mexican War. A. D. 
Hoskins was the third of eight children com- 
posing his father's family and three others are 
now living, Florence A., now Mrs. Charles L. 
Lewis of Fairfield, Neb. : Fairy R., Mrs. Charles 
Ran of Fairfield, Neb. ; Elizabeth T., Mrs. 
Charles Randall of Lincoln, Neb. After his 
education was acquired in the Illinois schools 
Mr. Hoskins identified himself with western life 
in Nebraska by becoming a range rider, con- 
tinuing to be thus employed from 1879 to 1890, 
acquiring skill in this employment of hardihood 
and giving honest and satisfactory returns for 
his wages. His advent in Wyoming was in 
1880, his Nebraska life being of short duration. 
From this time onward he was engaged in vari- 
ous occupations at Evanston and elsewhere, 
which under his manipulation gave satisfactory 
financial results. He gave initiation to his mer- 
cantile life at Hilliard, where for five years he 
was engaged in trade, in the fall of 1897 he lo- 
cated at Granger, and he has here conducted a 
business which is rapidly assuming proportions 
of great scope and importance. In 1899 he 

opened his present store and in October was 
commissioned ]>simaster, still retaining its in- 
cumbency. A full line of general merchandise, 
selected for and well suited to the demands of 
his large range of patrons is here di-played, and 
also a comprehensive stock of groceries, dry- 
goods, light hardware, etc., etc. The success of 
the undertaking indicates that the future will 
be fraught with decidedly advantageous com- 
mercial operations. He has also business inter- 
ests of importance at Kemmerer. He is fra- 
ternally connected with the Odd Fellows as a 
member of the Evanston lodge, and holds mem- 
bership with the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks at Salt Lake City. On February 5, 1899, 
in .Ogden, Utah, Mr. Hoskins was united in 
marriage with Miss Rose Davidson, a daughter 
of Thomas and Nancy A. (McBride) Davidson, 
natives of Indiana and now residents of Eldo- 
rado, Kan. In all the relations of life Mr. Hos- 
kins holds an exalted position, winning and re- 
taining the friendship of the community, while 
his home is a center of gracious hospitality. In 
political relations he is an active and assiduous 
member of the Republican party. 


The gentleman whose name opens this bi- 
ography, although young in years, has attained 
considerable prominence in Carbon county, 
Wyoming, where he is now serving as county 
clerk, having been elected in 1901 on the Re- 
publican ticket. He was born in 1872 at Ris- 
ing Sun, Polk county, Iowa, and is a son of 
James B. and Mary L. (Raybuck) Jennings, 
lames B. Jennings was born in Green county. 
Pa., in 1840, and served an apprenticeship at 
blacksmithing, and worked at that trade until the 
breaking out of the Civil War, when he en- 
listed in the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, in 
which he was appointed first sergeant. He 
served with undisputed bravery and commend- 
able devotion to duty until captured by the en- 
emy and confined in Libby Prison at Richmond, 
Va., until released in 1863. He was mustered out 
in 1865 with the rank of brevet-lieutenant, in 



recognition of valiant conduct on the field. 
Alter tlu- close of his war services Mr. Jen- 

nin-s came to \\_\oniiiiL;' as <|iiarU-rni;isUT for 
th' 1 Indians at I''s Station, when- h< n 

ri! until iSSt; then he went to Rock 

Sprin^'s. Sweetwater county, for a short time 

and in tSSj came to Rawlins. lie is now en- 

'1 in active inhiin- operations at ( irand En- 

eumpmcm. which he is prosecuting with his 

ergy, untiring vi.^-or and satisfactory 

results. He is a Strong Republican in poli 

.d his party one term 11X1151 in the 
\Vvomins;- legislature and is very popular 
i^hout Carbon county. Mrs. Mary 'L. 
(Raybuck) Jennings the mother of Harry Hurt 
Jennings, was born in Washington county, Pa., 
in iS-jn. and is a daughter of John I', rind Mary 
L. (Harnioni Raybuck. She was reared, edu- 
I and married in her native state and in 
earh womanhood was a prominent teacher. 
After coming to Wyoming she served several 
,i- school superintendenl for Carbon 
county when it comprised all the territory ex- 
tending from Colorado to Montana, and was 
probabh one of the most intellectual women of 
ihe far Wi larry Run Jennings was gradu- 

ated from the Lincoln Business ('olle^c in June. 
, and ahno-t immediate!-, afterwards en- 
the Cnion | 'acific Railn iad at 
Rawlins as messenger, and from this humble 
position was promoted regular! 1 , 
agent, his promotions hcins; earned through at- 
tention to dut) and personal merit So sat. 
tory were his services that he was retain 
thi emplo of the compam h >r ten yi ars, and 
hi ' i : onl} to ' nter np< in tin tield i if politics 
and public life, which bis ^rou ins;- popularity 
had made peculiarly alluriiiL; and tempting, i hi 
first public position held !> him was that of 
d' ii >r'- . '1'his pi isi- 

tion in- re!ini|uished to become secretary Eoi 
J. \\'. linens \- Co. at Rawlins. which he sat- 
-orily tilled for six years, lie nexl served 
lor I wo years, to (he eminent >ati-faetioii of 
all concerned, as city clerk of Rawlins and in 
looi he wa> elected on the Republican ticket 
county elei! ol ' arbon county the position In- 

still so ably fills. II. B. Jennings was mosl 
pily united m marriagi on June _>i. 1894, with 

F.thel Maxfield. the. accoinplislied i iau ^li- 
ter ' 'f < '. \V. Maxlield, the pri 

ii mer of Carbon i . Po this Eelici 

union h:; born tw< i children, Rirbar. 

lla. Mr. fem ' " VITV fortunate 

since coming to Cail">i: county, but this is 

chii! 1 g to bis personal merits and close 

lion to the interests of those by whom he 

id, and to ; he able manner in 

which he has performed the duti< - pertaining 

itions he has filled, hacked by 

unswerving integrity. 


Amons; the successful young business men of 
Wyoming \\-ho are doins;- so much to develoj) 
the resources ot the y.unis; commonwealth and 
to lay here the firm foundations of one of the 
L;reat states , ,f the I'nion, no id higher 

than the si'.b eel of this brief review, the 
brothers ( iustave and Clement E. Jensen of 
Saratoga. The\ are natives of the old historic 
citv of t ',reen !',a\. \\"iseonsin. and are the 

'eineiit E. and Jennie A. i I'.lickfeldt i Jen- 
sen, the former a native of Chri.-tiana. Norway, 
and the latter of the cit\ of in the S 
countrv. Gustave Ji-nsen was born on April 
' :. i S, o. and ('lenient K. on \i!-u^l J. 
The father, who was iimercial 

pursuits in Ins native land of Norway, disposed 
of his interests there and emigrated to \m. 
dnrins.' thi liit ies. He first Ii icat'-d in the 
. Quebec, in the ! tominion of i 'ana. la. - 
hi iw e\ er, remi , N. ^'.. where he 

was in business for a number of years, th 
remi >\ in- to i in-.-n Hay. \\~is. I iere I 

lished himself in business and was for n 

years the reprcscntati\e of the \\elbknmsn 
lions,- ,,f \. I'.ootli \- Co., beins; their purcha>- 

-ent for Wisconsin and Michigan, and 
i-ied on a larue and e\tensi\e business in that 
line. Subsequently IK d in business for 

himself, and in all his entcrprisi with 

marked success, liein- one of the leading ' 



ness iiicii i if that section of ihe country. Gus- 
tave Jensen, the older of the two brothi ,-rs. grew 
to man's estate in his native city of Green Bay, 
and received his elementary education in the 
public schools of that place. "When lie had at- 
tained to the age of seventeen years the desire 
to make his own way in the world induced him 
tn leave school and to seek his fortune in the 
far West, lie therefore left the home and 
scenes of his childhood and early manhood and 
removed to Nebraska, where he remained for 
about five years engaged in ranching and stock- 
raising with an uncle who was a resident of that 
state, hi 1883 he disposed of his interests in 
Nebraska to accept a government position in 
the then territory of Dakota. He remained in 
this occupation for four years, and then re- 
moved to the western portion of Nebraska, 
where he engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
Owing to the dry seasons which there prevailed 
for some years, his business was not as profit- 
able as it otherwise would have been, and in 
1891 he sold to good advantage and removed 
to Wyoming. Here he established himself at 
Saratoga, where he has since remained, becom- 
ing one of the most successful and progressive 
business men of that section of the state. His 
firm does an extensive business, and its opera- 
tions extend throughout the state. Clement E. 
Jensen, the junior member of the firm of Gns- 
tave Jensen & Bro., passed his early days at 
Green Bay, Wis., and he there attended school 
until he was prepared to enter upon his career 
in the mercantile world. After completing his 
education he accepted a position in a hardware 
.store in Green Bay and for a number of years 
was there engaged in that occupation. In 
1891 he came to Wyoming and entered 
into business with his brother for about 
two years, when he returned to Wisconsin and 
became manager of a company controlling 
three mercantile establishments, with head- 
quarters at Iron Mountain. Mich. In February, 
1898, he resigned this position and again joined 
his brother at Saratoga, Wyo. They then 
formed the well-known firm of Gustave Jensen 
& Bro., which has since been engaged in busi- 

ness at that place, and has been uniformly suc- 
cessful in all its operations. They handle hard- 
ware, furniture, farm implements and mining 
supplies, and also conduct an undertaking de- 
partment. In the latter branch they are the 
pioneer business men of Saratoga. They oc- 
cupy and own a large two-story brick block in 
the business center of the city, having large 
show windows and a great amount of room ior 
the accommodation of their e_\i ; >.-<' e stock. In 
addition to their other property holdings, the 
older brother is the owner and proprietor of 
the Jensen opera house at Saratoga, and be is 
serving his second term in the responsible posi- 
tion of postmaster. The younger brother was 
a member of the first city government of Sara- 
toga and in all matters calculated to promote 
the public welfare, the brothers always take a 
foremost place. In January, 1896, Gustave Jensen 
was united in marriage at Cheyenne, Wyo., with 
Aliss Mary Stoy, the daughter of the Rev. W. 
H. Stoy, an Episcopal clergyman, who is now- 
residing at Marysville, Calif. To their union 
have been born two children, Anna and Regena, 
both of whom are living, and the family home 
in Saratoga is noted for the generous and re- 
fined hospitality which they take pleasure in 
dispensing to their large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. On March 8, 1899, Clement E. 
Jensen was married at Eaton Rapids, Mich., 
with Miss Mary P. Leisenring, the daughter of 
John W. Leisenring, a well-known and highly 
respected citizen of Michigan, who is engaged 
in contracting and building. The two Jensen 
brothers are numbered among the ablest and most 
enterprising business men of their section and 
enjoy the confidence of all classes. Progres- 
sive, courteous in their relations with their pa- 
trons, and unfailing in the discharge of every 
business obligation, they have built up a large 
and steadily increasing business and are among 
the most valued citizens of their county. They 
have mining as well as commercial interests, 
and Gustave Jensen is the president of the 
Badger State Mining and Milling Co., which 
owns valuable mining property which it has 
been operating with considerable success. By 



their enterprise and public spirit they L 
much i.' luiilil up tin- citv <>\ Saratoga ai 
settle up the surrounding country. I- raicmally 
the brothers are affiliated \vitli tlie Masonic fra- 
ternity and lake an active interest in all char- 
itable and fraternal matters. Politically 
are stanch members of the Republican party, 
and able advOi ' if the prin- 

ciples of that political organization. Their 

rates \vhat is possible of accom- 
plishment in this ciiumr\ bv men of ability, un- 
failing integrity and determined purpose. 

\( )il.\ Ji iHNS< IN. 

One of the extensive cattlera i and rep- 

nsiness men of Laramie county, 
i- John Johnson, an American by ailoption, 
bi> birth ' i-i-tirring on June j^, 1X57. in far 

den, being the son of Olaf and Mary 
(( Msoni Johnson, both natives of Sweden, and 

.ither a farmer. The early life of Mr. John 

was passed at and near the place of his 
birth and he grev to maturity familiar with the 
varied duties of farm life, and on attaining his 
majorit) began life for himself as a tiller of the 
soil, remaining in his native land until i SSj 
when he came to the United States and for a 
limited pi rioil -toppped in Cheyenne, V 
thence going to Horseshoe Creek, where he 
t< 'i .1. up land and in raising a line 

''I cattle. I Hiring the ensuing seven \ears he 
devoted his attention closely to this business 
and realized liberal returns, accumulating a 
fortune of no small magnitude. In the fall of 
iSSS he added to his possessions by taking Up 
land on Mule Creek, on< mile from his present 
ranch, and brought hi, cattle to the place in 
the spring of iSSc/. After t\\o \ears in that lo- 
cality in iSiji he took charge of the lours ranch 
of the S\\an Land and Cattle Co. and has man- 

i lln business affairs of that corporation 
ever since, looking after his own large >iock in- 
terests at (he same time. Mr. |ohn--,,n is a 
man of acknowledged business abilitv. and as 
foreman of the above ranch has demonstrated 
his aptitude and capacity for large undertak- 

ings. While managing the company's affairs 
with consummate skill, he does little active 
work, the condition of lii.s health being such 
nl him fn mi dc >ing am thin _ 

irect the 

of his invalid ich of the responsibil- 

ity of his own and ihe compai s has 

fallen upon his son Victor, a 
cellent I'M' and Superior bn tialifi- 

Mr. Johnson has also in his wii 
ahle '1 willing coadiutor. she b 

a lady of much more than ordinar) mental en- 
di iwn sing abilii high < ir- 

- he has borne her f;i! : -ibil 

ity in carrying out her husband's plans, and 
much of the success with, which hi- have 

>wned is directly attributable i her 
counsel and cooperation. Mr. |oh 
and family ov arge amount of valuable 

grazing land, 7_>o acres of which lies on Mule 

k in the immediate vicinity of the 1 

I. Their cattle interests are extensive and 
yield them a large income in addition to the 
liberal remuneration received for managing the 

icre ranch of the Snan - The latter 

ranch is also heavily stocl no little abil- 

ity and energy are required to conduct the busi- 
ness successfully. The Johnson family is widclv 
and favorably known throughout the conn 
1 .aramie and ire 1 lian 1 ica] r< putatii >n 

in business and social circles, standing high in 
the esieem of all who knov them. -. and 

daughters bv their courteous conduct winning 

an abiding place in the alfecti^ns of their 
numerous lrie:ids. Mrs. fohnson's maiden 
name was also Johnson, her parents being John 
and Anna lohnson. both oi Scandinavian birth, 
and her birth occurring in Sweden, where she 
\vas married with her husband on \ovember 14. 
1X77. ller children are as follows; Anna !'>.. 
Victor J.. Minnie II.. died September jS. i SoS 
( >scar |. and Mary I., twins. The family arc 

bers of the Lutheran church and noted for 
their piety and xeal. while Mr. Johnson is aU> 
idciitilird with the Woodmen of the World, the 
sou. Victor, belonging to the Modern Woodmen 
of America. 




A progre>sive ranch and cattleman of Lar- 
ainie county, \Y\oming, is Osgood Johnson, 
ulxise address is Uva. A native of Maryland, 
lie was born in Baltimore, on January 6, 1862, 
the son of James H. and Sarah E. (Jones) 
Johnson, the former a native of Massachuetts 
and the latter of Maryland. The father was en- 
gaged in business as a commission merchant in 
the city of Baltimore, Aid., in which he was oc- 
cupied up to the time of his decease, which oc- 
curred in 1884, and his remains lie buried in 
Baltimore, .where all his active life was passed. 
The mother passed away in 1871, and is buried 
by the side of her husband. Osgood Johnson 
yri'w to man's estate in his native city of Balti- 
more and received there his early educational 
training, subsequently attending the academy 
situated at Kennett Square, Pa., where he pur- 
sued a thorough course of study for three years, 
when he returned to his Baltimore home and com- 
pleted his education. He then engaged in business 
with his father for two years, when desiring to 
make his own way in the worlrl he came to the 
then territory of Wyoming, arriving in Cheyenne 
in the spring of 1882, soon after securing a po- 
sition with the National Cattle Co., for the pur- 
pose of acquiring a practical knowledge of the 
business. Later, when this company was merged 
in the Swan Land and Cattle Co., he continued in 
the employ of the latter company until 1886. He 
then purchased a ranch on Fish Creek about 
twenty miles west of Uva, Laramie county and 
entered upon the business of raising cattle, in 
which he remained, having a marked success 
and making this place his home until 1895, 
when he purchased the ranch on the Laramie 
River about two and one-half miles west of Uva 
where he now resides, and thither removed his 
residence although still remaining the owner of 
both places. Here he has very successfully contin- 
ued in the business of raising cattle and is now 
the owner of 640 acres of land, well fenced and 
improved, with a large herd of cattle, and is con- 
sidered as one of the substantial property owners 
and one of the most enterprising cattle men of 

that section of the state. On September 23, 
1896, at Cheyenne, Wyo., Air. Johnson was 
united in marriage with Miss Minnie L. Gape, 
a native of Ohio and the daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah Gape, both natives of England, who 
emigrated from their native country in early life 
and settled in Ohio, in 1878 removing their resi- 
dence to the territory of Wyoming, where they 
established their home in Cheyenne where they 
are still residing, highly respected citizens of 
their adopted state. The family are members of 
the Protestant Episcopal church, and are sin- 
cerely interested in all works of religion and 
charity in the community where they reside. Mr. 
Johnson is affiliated with the Masonic order, be- 
ing a member of the lodge at Wheatland, Wyo., 
and politically he is a stanch member of the 
Republican party, and a loyal supporter of the 
principles of that organization. He has never 
either sought or desired public position, pre- 
ferring to give his entire time and attention to 
the care and management of his extensive busi- 
ness interests. He is held in high esteem by all 
classes of his fellow citizens. 


In the life of Augustine Kendall whose 
honorable course as a business man and citizen 
has conferred dignity upon himself and added to 
the good name of the city in which he resides, 
the reader will find a practical exemplification of 
those deep underlying principles of sterling man- 
hood that seldom fail to win success. Of 
strong mentality and invincible integrity, he has 
so entered into the business life of this section 
as to make his presence felt as a director of 
thought and molder of opinion in all matters 
coming within his special province. Honored 
by being placed at the head of one of the impor- 
tant monetary institutes of the state, he has now 
much more than local repute as an enterpris- 
ing man of affairs and is widely known among 
the leading financiers of Wyoming. His birth 
occurred on July 26, 1863, in Ontario, Can., but 
his father, Daniel S. Kendall, was born in Bos- 
ton, Mass., in 1814, the son of a former mayor of 



that city who owned a large anil very valuable 
estate there ami in the immriliate vicinih. D. 
S. Kendall was the owner of a line of ships and 
in the spice trade he acquired a large Eortl 
At the breaking i nit of tin- Civil War he sold his 
vessels and moved to ( (ntario. where he lived in 
retirement until his death in 1877. Tlis wife, 
Alarganl i < ireggan ) Kendall, was horn in 
Ireland, and departed this life in iSijj at the age 
of sixty-two and now lies by her husband in the 
beautiful cemetery at I'.ostou. Augustine Ken- 
dall parsed the years of his childhood and youth 
in Ontario with the best educational advantages 
his native place afforded. At the age of eigh- 
Uen lie went to Laramie, Wyo., and accepted a 
clerical position in the Wyoming National Bank, 
thi- duties of which he discharged for about one 
year. He then entered the First National Hank of 

imie and after remaining with that institu- 
tion for four years came to Roek Springs as 
cashier of the Sweetwater Comity I'ank since 
tl" H merged into the First National Hank. Mr. 
Kendall i-ontinuecl in the capacit; of cashier un- 
til ihi- death of the president, when al the earni i 
solicitation of the directorate he was electe 1 to 
the vac n:,-\ ami has since been the executive head 
of the hank. He is familiar with ever} detail 
of tin- banking business and possesses soundness 

:dgcment. keenness of discrimination and a 
comprehensive knowledge of the principles o| 
finance. lie is active and vigilant in his care 
for the interest^ of stockholders and depositors. 
Though prudent and at all times conservative in 
the management of his important trusts, he has 
carried financial success with all his enterprises, 
and by judicious investments and skillful over 
sight has acquired an ample lortnne. Aside 
from banking he is l.irgeK interested in the 
sheep industry, which returns him a liberal in- 

e, and is connected with other business en- 
terprises. In a marke. ' he possesses those 

nd and practical qualities \\bich secure and 
retain the confidence "f the people, and his pcr- 

'. .i'.d social habits win public esteem. Ills 

i mind ha- In en de\ eloped and 

slreiigtheiied b\ liberal culture and reading, and 

all who come within the range of bis pcrson:dil\ 

pronounce him a true t\pe of the courteous and 
dignified gentleman. His friendships are deep 
Mid strong, his disposition cheerful and genial, 
and his character open and frank. These admir- 
able qualities combined \\ith a StrO 

>r, an earnestness of purpose that lies' 1 . 
at no difficulties, may be classified among the 
rominent characteristics in the make up 
of this man. whose life, measured by the true 

d ird of excellence, has been and is destined 
to be a potential power for good in the business 
and social world. Although well informed con- 
cerning the great issues of the day and having 
earnest convictions upon the public questions 
now before the American people, Mr. Kendall 
IKJS no political aspiration-., preferring his busi- 
ness and the domain of private citizenship to any 
official honors within the gift 'of the people. He 
is deservingly popular with the citizens of his 
town and count}- and in a quiet and unobtrusive 
way has done many kind acts of charity of which 
the world knows nothing. Fraternally he i< a 
Freemason, being one of the brightest members 
of the lodge meeting in Rock Spri 

!( >STER KK \KNS. 

One of the progressive citi/ans of ( 'arbon 
ty, Wyoming, whose enterprise has con- 
tributed much to the development of thai 
lion of the --tale, is Foster Kearns. whose ad- 
dress is Collins. Wyo. \ native of ( 'learlield 
county, I'a., he was born mi lauuarx i. 
the son of Foster and Kearns. 

the former a natixe ol Ireland and thi 
the Keystone state. The father came from his 
'alive count i rh life and established his 

E near I 'hillipshurg. I'a.. and engaged in 
mining, lie losi his life from an accident 
in a mine shortly after the birth of his son 
r. who after the unfortunate death of his 
father availed himself to the best advauta 
his limited opportunities for obtaining an edu- 
cation, lie \\as compelled to leave school in 
early life and find employment t" aid in the 
support of his mother and the famiK. Securing 
a position in a lumber yard for a time he 



learned the trade of millwright, an occupui i> HI 
for which he had a natural aptitude. When he 
was sixuen years of age he was run over by a 
logging team and so seriously injured as to 
necessitate the amputation of his left leg. He 
\vas confined for some time in the hospital and 
later returned to the lumbering business, in 
which he continued until he was twenty-one 
years old. He then left Pennsylvania and re- 
moved to Kansas for one summer, then going 
on to the then territory of Wyoming, arriving 
there in the fall of 1882. Establishing his head- 
quarters at Laramie City, he engaged in 
freighting from that place to the mines of the 
Encampment district, and continued in this pur- 
suit with considerable success for about two 
years, when he removed to Beaver Creek in 
Carbon county, located a ranch and engaged in 
ranching and kindred pursuits. Subsequently 
he disposed of this property and located an- 
other place on Encampment Creek, later taking 
up a second place on the same creek. These 
ranches he improved and developed, subse- 
quently sold for a good figure and again re- 
moved to Beaver Creek, where he remained es- 
tablished in the stock business until 1901. Dur- 
ing this time he became quite extensively inter- 
ested in both cattle and horses, and carried on 
a successful business. In 1901 he disposed of 
his interests and devoted his time largely to 
mining. From 1888 to 1898 he was engaged in 
developing a claim he had in the copper belt 
at the head of Little Beaver Creek. In the lat- 
ter year he organized the Kearns Consolidated 
* opper Mining Co., to operate this property more 
extensively. He is its president, and the com- 
pany controls 240 acres of mining ground, 160 
acres platted as a town site and a large amount 
of development work has been projected. The 
town is named Dowington, in honor of the 
Dowington Bros, of Denver, who are largely 
interested in the company. In addition to his 
ofher important holdings Mr. Kearns is the 
owner of several other valuable claims in the 
vicinity, which promise to make him one of the 
wealth) men of that section. In August, 1901, 
he erected a store buildinsr at Dowington and 

engaged in general merchandising. This ven- 
ture has proved to be a success, and his busi- 
ness is steadily increasing from the rapid set- 
tlement of the adjacent mining country. On 
April 19, 1885. Air. Kearns was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Celestia Platt, a native of 
Iowa, and the 1 daughter of Henry Platt, a na- 
tive of Washington county, Pa. Her paternal 
grandfather was also a Pennsylvania!!, who re- 
moved to Ohio, where he established his resi- 
dence in Guernsey county and engaged in farm- 
ing, in which he continued up to the time of 
his death. Her father then removed to Rich- 
land county, Ohio, where he remained for a 
number of years, and then resided in Iowa until 
1X85. when he removed to the then territory 
of Wyoming. He is still residing in this state, 
in the enjoyment of good health, although he 
has reached the advanced age of eighty-three 
years. Mr. Kearns is a director in the Copper 
State Hank of Encampment, one of the heav- 
iest stockholders in that institution. He is a 
successful man of business, whose energy and 
ability have been very instrumental in drawing 
the attention of capital to the great resources 
of this section of Wyoming, and in settling up 
the country and building up its industries. It 
i-. such men as he that build up prosperous com- 
munities throughout the western country and 
bring civilization out of barbarism and sav- 
agery. His activity and business success, in 
spite of the physical misfortune which he sus- 
tained in early life, have been remarkable, and 
he is held in high esteem. 


A successful breeder of fine stock giving 
special attention to the Shorthorn breeds, is 
the subject of this sketch, William L. Keyes, a 
leading citizen of Albany county, Wyoming, 
whose residence is in the vicinity of Tie Siding, 
about twenty-five miles south of the city of 
Laramie. He was born in Nova Scotia in 1845, 
the son of William and Sarah Jane (Logan) 
Keyes, both natives of the same country. The 
father was born in the vear 1818 and followed 



farming in his native country until 1884, when 
he retired from business life and made his home 
with his daughter, Mrs. \Y. R. YYilliams, in the 
vicinity of Tie Siding. \Yvo., where he passed 
the evening of his long and useful life in the 
ease and comfort to which his years of indus- 
try and unremitting effort had so justly entitled 
him, dying in November, 1894. He was the son of 
James and Ann (\Yhittier) Keyes, also natives 
of Nova Scotia, the mother being born in 1814, 
the daughter of \Yilliam and Sarah (Ellis) Lo- 
gan, both natives of Nova Scotia. The father's 
life business was civil engineering, but he was 
also a successful teacher for a portion of his 
life. He passed away in 1862, at the age of 
seventy years, and was buried in his native 
country. \Yilliam L. Keyes grew to manhood 
in Nova Scotia, receiving his early education 
in the public schools of that province. Upon 
arriving at the age of twenty-one years he left 
the home of his childhood and began life for 
himself, engaging in farming in the vicnity of 
his former home for a short time. Believing 
that he could improve his condition and find 
better business opportunities in the United States, 
in 1865 he came to Massachusetts and in the 
county of Middlesex engaged in farming for 
two years. He moved from Massachusetts to 
Minnesota, where he engaged in lumbering with 
varying success for about five years. He then 
returned to his old home in X'ova Scotia, where 
he remained for about three years engaged in 
farming. During this time he married in 1X711 
with Miss Nancy Carroll, a daughter of John 
and Jane (Greno) Carroll, her parents as well 
as herself being Nova Scotians. the birth of her 
father taking place in 1X10 and his death in 
1X71;. Mr. Keyes removed with his family from 
Nova Scotia to the territory of Wyoming in 
1X711. In the vicinity of his present residence in 
Albany county he located a ranch and began 
the business of raising cattle, also purchasing 
a hotel property at Tie Siding and conducting it 
in connection with his ranchim op, i ations 
about eight years, then purchased the ranch 
which he uo\\ occupies, \\hen- he has since been 
engaged in eattlcraising, bein^ no\\ the owner 

of a fine, well improved ranch and having a 
good herd of Shorthofn stock. Mr. and Mrs. 
Keyes have five children, Carrie, Harry, Amy, 
Willis and an infant (deceased), the family be- 
ing one of the most respected in the commu- 
nity where they reside. 


For the voyager who has been true to his 
course, however storm-tossed and weary, there 
is even on this side of the grave a haven where 
wind and wave disturb not, or are felt but as 
gentle undulations of the unrippled and mir- 
roring waters. This haven is a serene and hale 
old age. The tired traveler has abandoned the 
jostling and crowded highways of life. The 
din of traffic and of worldly strife have no 
longer magic for his ear. He has run his race 
of toil, or trade, or ambition. His day's work 
is accomplished and he has come home to en- 
\o\, tranquil and unharassed, the splendor of 
the sunset, the milder glories of late evening. 
Such as this is the condition of James Kirkpat- 
rick of near Banner in Sheridan county, who 
being now near the age of fourscore is enjoy- 
ing the few remaining years of a useful life in 
peace after many trials, having comfort after 
much of hazard and privation. He was born in 
< >hio on October \2. 1X2(1, the son of Abraham 
and Mary i Marrctt') Kirkpatrick, who emi- 
grated from their native state of Pennsylvania 
to Ohio in the early days of its history, and 
were pioneers there, as their son has been in 
two states since their day. He was reared on 
the farm and educated at the little country 
schoolhonse near his home. \\lien he reached 
the age of twenty-one he engaged in farming 
near his father's place, but in 1X5). moved by 
the frontier spirit he had inherited from his 
parents and their ancestors, h, ! into II 

linois, then a newly opened country in the far 
West, and locating in Adams countv not far from 
tin- great Father of Waters, he there passed near- 
h thirtv \ears as -fnl fanner, beholding 

that conntrv come forth at the persuasive 
of systematic cultivation to fruitfulness and 



comeliness and contributing his due portion of 
the labor and care necessary to bring about 
that result. He enlisted at Quincy, 111., in tin- 
Union army in September, 1861, served three 
years, was in several battles and in one was 
badly wounded by a gunshot and still carries 
the ball. Another ball passed through his body 
from above the right hip, coming out above the 
left hip, his horse being killed under him at the 
same time. He was mustered out at Little 
Rock, Ark., in August, 1864, being in the Third 
Missouri Cavalry. In 1883 he came to Wyom- 
ing and settled in Sheridan county^ where he 
took up a homestead and engaged in farming 
and stockgrowing until he retired a few years 
ago from active pursuits. He has a fine farm 
and is well-to-do and safely established in the 
affectionate regard and esteem of his fellows 
among whom he has lived and labored. For 
thirty-rive years he has been a member of the 
Masonic order, always taking great interest in 
its progress and the meetings of his lodge, at- 
tending when he could and keeping alive in his 
memory and his life its exalted teachings. In 
1847 ne was married in Ohio with Miss Eliza- 
beth Hoskins, a native of that state, who for 
fifty-three years walked life's troubled way with 
him and then, in 1900, passed over to those ac- 
tivities that know no weariness, leaving six 
children surviving her, William, a resident of 
Durango, Colo.; Albert; James W.. a prosper- 
ous stockgrower of this county; Lillie M., mar- 
ried to Charles B. Holmes, county clerk of 
Sheridan county ; J. F., a farmer and stock- 
grower of this county, with whom Mr. Kirk- 
patrick now makes his home ; Ella E.. the wife 
of Oscar Mull of Quincy, 111. Another daugh- 
ter, Mary, is deceased. 


One of the leading young business men of the 
important mining town of Encampment, one who 
has clone much to build up that place and to draw 
the attention of capital to the resources of this 
section of the state, is George Kuntzman, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. He is a native of Dubuque, 

Iowa, born on April 9, 1867, the son of George 
and Margaret (Schmidt) Kuntzman, both na- 
tives of Germany. The father came to America 
from the Fatherland in early life and located for 
some time in the city of New York and then re- 
moved to Iowa, where he established his home in 
Dubuque, and engaged in a successful boot and 
shoe business, and continued in trade until his 
death in 1882. His son George giew to manhood 
in his native city, acquired his elementary edu- 
cation in the public schools and then entered the 
Bayless Business College and pursued a thorough 
course of study and training for a business ca- 
reer. Here he was distinguished for his pro- 
ficiency in his studies, especially so for his 
superior penmanship, being one of the finest pen- 
men ever graduated from that institution. His 
skill in this respect was so marked as to be the 
subject of frequent comment by his instructors 
as well as by his business associates and friends, 
and even now he has few if any superiors in that 
accomplishment. Upon completing his course 
at the business college, he entered the employ of 
lYter Kiene & Sons, the leading real-estate firm 
of Dubuque, and remained with that house for 
about four years. His superiority as a business 
man and accountant was so marked, that he 
was offered and accepted a position as accountant 
for the Reliance Mutual Insurance Co., which 
had been organized by some of the leading busi- 
ness men and capitalists of the city, resigning 
that position after five years service to accept a 
position with the Iowa Mutual Building and 
Loan Association and was practically the busi- 
ness manager of that company for six years. 
His close attention to business was such that 
his health failed, and he was compelled to re- 
sign his position and remove to Colorado Springs, 
Colo. Here he remained for some time, and his 
health improving, he removed to the new t> >\vn 
of Grand Encampment, Wyo., in 1897, among 
the earliest settlers of that place, where he 
opened a real-estate office, handling both real- 
estate and mining property in the vicinity. In 
partnership with Hon. C. P. Clemmons, now 
mayor of Saratoga, he organized the first min- 
ing company of Grand Encampment, and has 



been very successful in his operations in In oh 
mines and real-estate. He was the promoter and 
i >ne i >f the chief owners of the Moon Anchor Cop- 
pi i Mining Co., which owns one of the most 
promising copper mines in that section of the 
slate, of which lie is the vice-president and 
audit. I !e also organized the Sun Anchor Copper 
N lining ( 'i i.. which controls valuable copper prop- 
erty in the Encampment district. I'.e-ide^ his 
other property interests in this section of Wyo- 
ming 1 , he is the owner of a large number of town 
lots in Grand Encampment and has property ad- 
joining the townsite, which is rapidly increas- 
:i in value, being one of the large property own- 
ers of the county. On September i, 1893. Mr. 
Kuntzman was united in marriage at Dubuque, 
[owa, with Miss Annie Driscoll, the daughter 
of Danir! and .Marie Driscoll. The parents of 
Mrs. Kunt.mian passed away while she was an 
infant, and slie attained womanhood in the fam- 
iK of i Ider sisters. Air. and Airs. Kuntzman are 
ih'. parents of a son, George, Jr., horn August 
7, 1902. i'Yaternally Air. Kuntzman is affiliated 
with lite Masonic order, being a member of 
i M yenne < 'onsistory Xo. i, and the secretary 
of the lodge at Encampment. He is also a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America 
rind the Knights of Pythias, and has "pas .rd th< 
chairs" of the latter order. He is a man of abil- 
ity, progressive and enterprising in business, 
and foremost in every movement for the ad- 
vantage of his section of the state. He is one 
of the pioneers of the community where he 
maintains his home, and is held in the highest 
'in by his felli iw cii izens. 


I low many times the student of Scottish his- 
torv has read with bated breath of the gallant 
and romantic exploits of the Mel >' maids, as for 
-rniTation after generation they have had no 
small part in forming and deciding great af- 
fairs of state by their valor, their statesmanship, 
and even by their misfortunes. The name ha 

I I sponsor for the giio.l qualitii-s of 

Scotch character and its brilliaticv . endurance 

and law-abiding lovalty, are displayed in the 
present centurv as strongl] as in an) of the by- 
gone days. Dn< of the leaders in Wyoming's 
immense cattle industry, now making the head- 
quarters of bis almost imperial operation 
Willow Creek, sixty miles northv.< 
where he owns and controls several thousand 
a< res of land, also owning the water rights 
Willow Creek to and including the "Hole in the 
Wall" country, a distance of nine miles, is Un- 
well-known Kenneth McDonald. It would be 
a great omission indeed in any work purporting 
to speak of the progressive HUM of Wyoming, 
to leave this man and his works un.-p 
Rosshire, Scotland, has been the home of his 
ancestors for many generations, and here the 
subject of this review was born on October 9, 
18.48, the son of \le\ander and Alary (Tu!l< 
McDonald, and to him was given the name of 
his paternal grandfather. Kenneth McUonald. 
In 1852 Alexander McDonald emigrated, tak- 
ing his family to Australia, where lie en 
contracting and later in an extensive]> busi- 
ness for the nineteen years of his residence in 
that far southern land, where Kenneth bd 
pioficient in the best methods there employed in 
the raising and care of sheep. In 1871 the lather 
returned to Scotland, dying there in 1^74. Ken- 
1:1 th being his milv son and his sole- surviving 
child. From Australia Kenneth went to Xew 
Xealand and on the west coast was connected 
with mining and later with stockraising. con 
tinning there for four years. California was 
his next objective point and residence ami 
1875 to 1887 Mr. McDonald was identified with 
sheepraising, which his valuable Australian ex- 
perience enabled him to conduct in a very sue 
:"nl manner in various wcsUrn states and 
territories. In 1887 he went to Scotland, in 
i88S returned to America and at ' the 

Foundations "f his present en- Mentions. 

making his location on the site of hi 
home, paying attention , min 1\ to sheep, of which 
he now owns thirty thousand. l-'rom lliat time 
to the present writing his progress lias been 
steadily onward, his h his herds and 

his labors have increased as year after vear has 


come and gone, prosperity and wealth coming 
to him in a satisfactory measure, while he has 
so comported himself as to be not only a rep- 
resentative sheepman, but an honored citizen, 
mji iving the friendship and confidence of the 
best people of the section and the esteem of his 
associates, being a highly popular member of 
the stockraising circles of the state, his untiring 
industry and shrewd business ability ever in- 
dicating his Scotch ancestry. His political affil- 
iations are strongly with the Republican party, 
but although laboring zealously for the success 
of its principles and candidates, he has absolutely 
no desire for political preferment, positively re- 
fusing any nomination for public position. In 
Freemasonry, Mr. McDonald has attained the 
Thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite. On 
July 25, 1893, he was married, the bride being 
Miss Lillian Startzwell, a native of Pennsylvania. 


( >ne of the leading citizens of Wyoming, and 
one of the most prominent public men of the 
state, is the subject of this brief sketch, Capt. 
H. G. Nickerson, the agent in charge of the 
Shoshone Indian Reservation. He has a long 
and varied career in the west, and for many 
years has taken an active and leading part in 
the development and settlement of Western 
Wyoming. Born on May 4, 1841, Captain 
Xickerson is a native of Medina county, Ohio, 
and is the son of Erastus and Harriet (Clifford) 
Xickerson, both natives of the state of Ohio. 
His father was engaged in the business of 
manufacturing shoes, and was an active and 
successful business man of that state. He was 
the son of Jesse and Anna Xickerson, both 
natives of the state of New York. The family 
were prominent during Colonial days, and were 
of English descent, first settling in Long Island 
upon their arrival in this country. His father 
passed away in the state of Ohio, in the year 
1892, at the age of 73 years. The subject of 
this sketch grew to manhood in the state of 
his nativity, and received his early education 
in the public schools of Litchfield, Medina 

county. L T pon the breaking out of the great 
Civil War he responded to the call of patriot- 
ism, and in 1861, enlisted as a member of 
Co. D, of the Twenty-third Regiment of Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry. The late President Wil- 
liam McKinley was the second lieutenant of 
this company, and Rutherford B. Hayes was 
the colonel of the regiment. Going to the front 
in the service of his country, under the com- 
mand of such officers, he participated actively 
in many engagements, and was under fire at 
the battles of Bull Run, South Mountain and 
Antietam. At the battle of South Mountain he 
was captured by- the enemy, and for a period 
of three months was confined as a prisoner of 
war at Libby prison. At the end of that time 
he was paroled and returned to the North. He 
was then promoted to a captaincy of the One 
Hundred and Eighty-sixth Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, for gallantry in action, and joined the 
army of General Sherman in its expedition into. 
Georgia. Here he was detailed to repair the 
lines of railroad, and also in the pursuit of his 
duty assisted in the capture of the rebel Gen- 
eral Morgan. At this time he was under the 
command of General Crook. At the end of the 
war he returned to Ohio, and entered upon 
the study of the law at Elyria, but owing to ill 
health, he was obliged to give up his studies, 
and in the year 1866, started overland with ox 
teams for the newly discovered gold fields of 
Montana. On this expedition he had many 
thrilling experiences. On the Powder River, in 
Montana, his partner was killed by the Indians, 
and he only escaped the massacre at Fort Phil 
Kearney by a few days. Upon his arrival in 
Montana, he engaged in the mining business, 
in which he continued up to the year 1868. Not 
meeting with as great success as he had an- 
ticipated, he then came to South Pass, Wyo., 
where he followed mining with varying success 
for a period of eighteen years. During this 
time he had many experiences with the In- 
dians, who were often on the warpath, and 
was a member of the party which effected the 
capture of a large number of the hostile 
Arapahoe tribe, among whom was the Indian 


I I : 

\\lio afterward became tin- Reverend Sher- 
man Coolidge. Captain Nickerson was in 
command of this expedition. In the year I Si >S 
he located land in the vicinity of Lander for 
the purpose of engaging in stock and agricul- 
tural pursuits, hut \vas driven out by the hostile 
Indians. From the timi- of his first coming to 
Wyoming, he lias taken an active and pr<>im- 
nent part in public affairs, and was a candidate 
.in tin- Republican ticket in 1809 for member 
of the first territorial legislature, but was not 
elected. In the year 1871 he was elected as a 
member of the legislature and served with dis- 
tinction as a member of that body. He was 
also elected to the office of county treasurer. 
In the year 1884 he was a member of the con- 
stitutional convention, and from 1884 to 1887 
lie was probate judge of Fremor.t county. Dur- 
ing- the legislative session of 1884 he was a 
member, and it was through his efforts in that 
body that the county of Fremont was created 
out of SwceUvatcr county. In the year of 1892. 
h'' was appointed to the position of receiver of 
the 1 "nited States land-office at Lander, \Vyo., 
and it was his duty to first open that office to 
the pubhe. He continued to hold this position 
up to the time of his appointment as Indian 
agent in the year iS'i^. Muring his active 
public career he served as the first county su- 
perintendent of schools of Swectwater count}-, 
and was the first chairman of the hoard of 
count \ commissioners of Fremont county. He 
also served as justice of the peace at Lander, 
and held thai position for a number of years 
during the exciting times in South Pass, Wyo. 
In the \e;ir iSijd In- was a delegate to the Re- 
publican national convention at St. Loin's. 
which nominated McKinlcy and Ifoliari. anil 
1 o a nil inlier i ii tin- a immil tee app> linted 
to notify the late I 'r< uiination. 

In addition to his other business int< rests, ' ap 
lain Xickerson is interested in farming. 
is the owner of \t*> acres ,.f tine land in 
dialeh adi< lining 1 .ander. a valuabl' 

i >n March 4th. 1870. :i t Flyria. 
>hio. i 'apt, 'i in N'ickersoii was nnhed in mai 
e to Miss llarnei |. Kelsey, a native of the 

state of ( >hio. and the daughter of Loren 
and Harriet (Avery) Kelse\, both nati\i 
that state. 'I'o their union have been born i.uir 
cbddren, namely, ( )ra K.. uho is no\\ a drug- 
gist at Lander; Alia M., F.dith A., and Nellie. 
Their home is noted for its relinemenl and gcn- 
ennTs hospitality. l-'raternall\ > aptain Xicker- 
son is affiliated with the Independent < >rder of 
( >dd Fellows, anil is past grand master of that 
order in the slate of Wyoming. He is also a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and is past post commander and present quar- 
termaster of Thomas A. McCo) Post of that 
great order. He takes an active and prominent 
pan in the social and fraternal life of the com- 
munity in which he resides, and is looked up to 
in all movements of a public nature, or \\hieh 
are calculated to work' to the benefit of that 
section of the state. Patriotic, public spirited, 
and devoted to the general welfare of the com- 
munity. Captain Xickerson ]r.i- done much to 
develop the resources, and to promote the set- 
tlement and advancement of \Yestcrn \Y\o- 
ming. lie is now in the prime of his mature 
life, and may look forward to many years of 
usefulness and achievement, an honored pub- 
lic .servant, and held in affection;; MI by 
all classes of his fello\\ citizens, lie resi 
as Indian agent on May i, 1902. and was ap- 
pointed 1". S. allotting agent, allotting lands to 
1 in Hans. 


\ man nl" inllexihle inlegriu, keen busings 
ability, of broad and liberal vie\\ -sing 

a distinct individuality. Mr. Kuykcndall has 
eminently successful in temporal affairs 
through his practical ability and he has si 
in positions of trust and official stations with 
unbended rectitude and concede,] wisdom 
commanding ihe confidence ai if the 

'iTsonal character being ihe 

of In in even field of public or private 

activity. In his .1 

run back lh: ations, his g 

gran ihe emigrari 



ily of high distinction in Holland, a near rela- 
tive being an admiral of distinguished fame. 
Locating with capital in South Carolina very 
early in its history, he there developed a fine 
estate and was one of the mountaineers en- 
gaged on October 7, 1780, in the historic battle 
of King's Mountain under Colonel Campbell, 
where he was killed, of which great victory over 
the British Thomas Jefferson said : "It was 
the joyful enunciation of that time in the tide of 
success that terminated the Revolutionary War 
with the seal of our independence." After the 
battle his residence was burned by Tories, all 
the family records being destroyed. The be- 
witching region of Kentucky was calling many 
pioneers then to its land of milk and honey, and 
thither emigrated Richmond Kuykendall, the 
paternal grandfather of our subject. In this 
fair land he developed a fine plantation in Bar- 
ren county, on which he passed the remainder 
of his life, exercising a potent influence in the 
affairs of the new land as a citizen of strong 
mental powers and patriotic impulses. His son, 
Tames Kuykendall, passed his early life in his 
native state, then married Miss Celia Thomp- 
son, a native of Garrard county, and after living 
in Kentucky until his family consisted of three 
children migrated to Clay county, Mo., residing 
there until 1839, then becoming a resident of the 
new county of Platte, where was thereafter his 
home with the exception of six years passed in 
Kansas. At first an agriculturist, he fitted him- 
self for and engaged in the practice of law and 
became the first county judge of Platte county, 
then in succession sheriff, county treasurer and 
judge of probate, in the election of this last 
office defeating the prominent J. W. Denver, 
who gave name to the Colorado metropolis. He 
was one of the most honored and respected citi- 
zens of the state and died deeply mourned. 
Hon. William L. Kuykendall, son of James and 
Celia (Thompson) Kuykendall, was born in 
Clay county, Mo., on December 13, 1835. Re- 
maining with his parents until he was seventeen 
years old and diligently attending the best 
schools of the county, he then commenced his 
long career of official life by accepting the ap- 

pointment of deputy clerk of the circuit court 
of Platte county, performing his duties to such 
public satisfaction that he was elected the first 
county clerk of Jackson county, Kas., and later 
held the office of deputy clerk of the district 
court of the First Judicial District of that state. 
Again removing to Missouri, in the great strug- 
gle of the Civil War he was true to his teachings 
and environment, enlisting as a private in the 
Fourth Regiment of the Fifth Division of the 
Confederate arm}-, commanded by General 
Price, holding a captain's commission on de- 
tached service as a recruiting officer a portion 
of the time. The war left him impoverished and 
he sought a new field of endeavor in the allur- 
ing regions of the West, removing to Denver, 
Colo. A few months later he was engaged in 
the building of forts for the U. S. government 
in the wild region now known as Wyoming, 
passing the years of 1866 and 1867 in this em- 
ployment, on one occasion securing a contract 
to deliver 2,000 cords of wood by a bid of one 
cent less than his closest competitor. Mr. Kuy- 
kendall and his associated partners made the 
site of Cheyenne their headquarters, being its 
earliest settlers and having timber on the 
ground to build houses before the land was 
surveyed. When Laramie county was organ- 
ized Mr. Kuykendall was first appointed and later 
elected judge of probate and county treasurer 
and he was an ex-officio justice of the peace 
and made his home in Cheyenne, holding office 
until 1874. These offices do not constitute all 
the public positions occupied with credit by our 
subject, as during the above period he was a 
member of the legislature, continuing in this 
body until his removal to the Black Hills in 
1876. . He held a seat in the legislature of the 
Dakotas during the four and one-half years 
he resided there, and on his return to Cheyenne 
served as city clerk for three years, his service 
terminating by his removal to Saratoga in the 
spring of 1891, and from 1888 to 1896 he was a 
member of the Democratic national committee 
from Wyoming. He is now residing on his 
ranch estate of 1,200 acres, less than four miles 
south of Saratoga postoffice, his land being all 



under irrigation, he also owing and conducting 
the Pick ranch of 2,400 acres, seven miles north 
of Saratoga, also well irrigated and both sup- 
porting large herds of stock of superior grade. 
The matrimonial relations of Mr. Kuykendall 
have been most felicitous, his marriage with 
Mi-s Eliza A. Montgomery, a native of Ken- 
tucky, being solemnized on July 14, 1857. She 
is the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Craig) 
Montgomery, long time residents of Rockcastle 
county, Ky., and later classed among the prom- 
inent families of Buchanan county, Mo. Her 
ancestry in the paternal line stretches through 
several American generations to the proud 
English family of that name that came to En- 
gland in 1066 with William the Conquerer. The 
children of this union are James, died in in- 
fancy ; J"hn M., now residing in Denver; Harry 
L., see individual sketch elsewhere in this vol- 
ume ; William Arthur, who was killed in Chey- 
enne on July 31, 1878. by his horse running 
away. Mr. Kuykendall maintains high prestige 
in Odd Fellow, Masonic and Knights of Pyth- 
ias circles, holding the exalted rank of grand 
representative in Wyoming to the Sover- 
eign Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows, being at 
this writing the oldest member in continuous 
service in that distinguished body, having been 
for the past sixteen years the grand secretary of 
the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of the state 
of Wyoming, and also being a past chancellor 
in the Pythian brotherhood. 


One of the leading citizens of Wyoming. 
after uhmii was named the thriving city of T.n-i. 
in Converse county, is the subject of this re- 
view. He is a native of the state of New York, 
burn in the city of Buffalo, on April 27, 1857. 
the son of James W. and Cornelia Marion 
i Siillnian i I.iisk, the former a native "f Xew 
York and the latter of Ohio. His father, when 
man, removed from his native state in 

Ohio, where he established his residence, and 

\\ here he became a member of the well I 

firm MI" I'.naiit. Lusk \ Stratum. He was an 

unusually fine penman, and during the latter 
years of his life was connected with the pub- 
lishing house of Ivison Phinney, of New York 
city. During a visit to Cleveland, Ohio, in 
iNi'.v he was taken suddenly ill, and passed away 
from earth. Two children survived him. The 
maternal grandparents of Mr. Lusk were John 
and Sarah M. (Doty) -Stillman, the former a 
native of Connecticut, and the latter of New 
York. The latter is still living at over ninety 
years of age, and in the enjoyment of perfect 
l;e;.itn. After the death of his father, the moth- 
er of Mr. Lusk removed with her family to 
Cleveland, Ohio, where his education was ob- 
tained in the public schools. Upon leaving 
school .he entered the employ of the firm of Han- 
na & Co., where he continued until 1876, when 
he resigned this position, and in the company of 
a friend came to the new state of Colorado. In 
the spring of 1877 ne embarked in the business 
of raising cattle, and in 1880 he removed his op- 
erations to the territory of Wyoming. Here he 
became the manager of the Western Live Stock 
Co., which carried on an extensive anil sue 
ftil cattle business with its headquarters at the 
present site of the city of Lusk. In 1886, the 
Wyoming Central Railroad, a branch of the 
Chicago and Xorthwestern Rail\\ a* . was ex- 
tended to this locality and a townsitc was laid 
out. and in honor of the subject of this memoir, 
the city was given the name of Lusk. In 1887 
Mr. Lusk was here joined by his mother, who 
lu- since made her home with him, and is the 
owner \ extensive property interests in her own 
name. Mr. Lusk continued in the cattle busi- 
ness up to the later nineties, when he disposed 
of the greater portion of his holdings, alt! 
. he is still largely interested in real estate. Dur- 
ing recent years, in partnership with Mr. D. D. 
Streeter, he has engaged extensively in railroad 
contracting in various sections of the West, and 

his met with gi'i 5S. In iSn) he \\.is 

united in marriage to Miss Louise II. Findlev. a 
native nf San KrancUeo. t '-ilifoniia. and the 
daughter of Thomas Findlex . a prominent cit- 
inil former treasurer of that stale, and their 
honi. if the finest in tile citv of Lusk. Mr. 



I.usk is OIK- nf the loremn>t men of his section 
MI tlie \\e^t. and his business energy and enter- 
prise have contributed much to the development 
and upbuilding, not only of \\yoming, but of 
the adjoining states. 


A distinguished citizen of Wyoming and the 
present county clerk of Uinta county, Hon. 
Donald McAllister is a native of Scotland and 
a descendant of a long line of sterling ances- 
tors. His father, Duncan McAllister was born 
on May 3, 1834. in Islay, Argyleshire, .and be- 
came a well-to-do farmer, marrying in 1858, 
Mrs. Margaret (McDonald) McDougal and fol- 
lowing agricultural pursuits in his native coun- 
try until 1883, when he came to the United 
States, settling in Uinta county. Wyo.. where 
he is now living a retired life in the home of 
his son. Duncan McAllister is the son of Don- 
ald and Mary (Currie) McAllister, both of 
whom lived and died amid the romantic scenes 
of their native land, and the father of Donald 
was Hector McAllister, who married Catherine 
McPhie, and to Murdock McAllister, the father 
of Hector is about as far back as the paternal 
lineage can be traced with accuracy. The Mc- 
Donalds from whom the subject's mother is 
descended were also an old and highly respected 
Scotch family, the name occurring frequently 
in the early annals of various parts of the high- 
lands. She bore her second husband two sons, 
Donald and John McAllister. Donald Mc- 
Allister was born in Islay, Argyleshire, Scot- 
land, on October 16, 1859. Reared amid brac- 
ing airs and active duties he early developed the 
strength ' of body and independence of spirit- 
characteristic of the sturdy Scottish youth and 
was early imbued with the understanding that 
man should work out his destiny by honest toil 
and honorable endeavor. Completing the pub- 
lic school course he engaged in teaching and 
after following that profession for three years 
and being employed seven years in a commis- 
sion broker's office at Glasgow, he came to the 
United States in 1882, locating in Uinta county, 

\Yyo., \vhere during the ensuing four years he 
was engaged in cattleraising, at the expiration 
of that period disposing of his stock and be- 
coming associated with the mercantile firm of 
Illythe & Pixley at Evanston. After remaining 
four years with that house he entered the em- 
ployment of Beckwith, Quinn & Co., of the 
same place with which firm he was connected 
about the same length of time. Mr. McAllister 
next engaged with Becman & Co. as a sales- 
man. Remaining two years in that capacity 
and becoming familiar with the details of com- 
mercial life, he then engaged with the Diamond 
Coal and Coke Co. as manager of their large 
store at Oakley and superintended it with credit 
to himself and satisfaction to his employers until 
January, 1903. In 1900 he was appointed post- 
master at Diamondville, which office he held 
until January, 1903, discharging its duties in 
connection with his regular business and prov- 
ing a most capable and popular official. Mr. 
.McAllister has been a factor in local and state 
politics for years and enjoys distinctive prestige 
as one of the Republican leaders in his part of 
the state. In 1898 he was elected to represent 
Uinta county in the lower house of the General 
Assembly, serving in that capacity two years 
and his record as a legislator fully met the ex- 
pectation of his constituents and he retired from 
the office with the hearty good will of the peo- 
ple of the county, irrespective of party ties. In 
the fall of 1902 he was the candidate of his 
party for the office of county clerk and after a 
close and hotly contested campaign defeated his 
opponent, who had held the office several terms 
and was considered one of the most popular 
men in the county. In local affairs he has ever 
manifested a lively interest, aiding to the full 
extent of his ability all enterprises and meas- 
ures for the public welfare. Especially inter- 
ested in the cause of education, he has done 
much to promote the efficiency of the schools of 
Diamondville, serving several years as treasurer 
of the school board. He has also been much inter- 
ested in military affairs and for three years was 
a member of Co. H, of the state militia. Mr. 
McAllister is a prominent Odd Fellow, at the 

.//'/:' MEN 01 : WY( 


:it ss-rititig holding th on of deputy 

grand master fur the western district oi V 
mini;-. lie is equally active in the councils of 
, i! of the World at I )iaim mdvillc 
and has been instrumental in greatly strengthen- 
ing that order in his own town and elsewl 
( >n Inly 2, iSc,o. .Mr. .McAllister was joined in 
marriage with Miss Mars- llotclikiss, a daugh 
ter of Richard and Agnes llotchkiss of Scot- 
l.iml. a union blessed with seven children: Dun- 

\gncs. deceased, Donald. Richard, Wil- 
liam, Margaret and on< thai died in infancy. 
Mr. and Mrs. McAllister have long been faith- 
ful and devoted members of the I'reshyterian 
church. As a business man Mr. McAllister is in 
the front rank of his companions and as a 
citizen he has won In his courteous manner 
and equitable dealing the respect and esteem of 
his fellowmen. Mis intercourse with his fam- 
il\ and friends is kind and considerate, secur- 
ing for himself their lose and admiration. He 
man of intelligence, who has strong con- 
of right, and in civil and official life he 
has adorned every position in which his talents 
n exercised, lie has a great antipathy 
for ostentation or offensive display of knosvl- 

and in ever) relation of life his o induct 
has been utterly \\iihotn pretense. Me is one 
of the representative men of Wyoming and a 
kind and courteous gentleman. 

CHARLES 1-:. l.A\ ELL. 

La veil is one <>f the progressive 
sonng ranch ami stockmen of Laramie count), 
W\ i miing. and his address is < ilendo in that 
counts. lie was born on April 15. iSdS. in 
St. l.ouis. Mo., the son of William and Kmily 
(Horine) Lavell. the former a native of Ken- 
tucky, and the latter of Missouri. The father 
was long engaged iii fanning near St. l.ouis. 

ami in lSf) n i his n -idence fn mi that 

loralts to the terrilurs of Colorado, there es- 
tablishing his home in the county of Klbcrt. 
where b in ranching and stocl 

ing until tSl-X when he disposed of his ranch 
and proper! v and removed to the territory of 
\\yoniing, when- he continued the same 

i. Charles II to man's 

late in the counts of Klbcri, Colo., and received 
his early education in the pub! the 

vicinity. In [886 olorado with his 

er and came to \\ Doming, where they lo- 
1 a ranch on i hree 

miles east < if ' llendi >, and tl 
ranching and can 1 until 1^04, when Mr. 

Lavell located a homestead at i -it ranch, 

situated on the Platle River about live i 

' if ( ilendi i, where tiles ha 

tinned in the same business. Including the 
ated by his brother, who is joimlv in- 
terested in the property, the family now has a 
tine ranch of about 840 acres of land, w, 
and improved, with modern buildings and ap- 
pliances for the purp" arrying on a snc- 

.11! ranching and stock-growing bus;' 
having tss'o hundred acres under irrigation, 
and they are constantly adding to and im, 
ing their property and are raising both cattle 
and horses and have met with great SUCi 


One sister, Sarah Las-ell 1 loffinan, is married 
and resides in the southeastern portion of ! 
tana, and the other sister. Mary, and brother, 
William, reside at the home place ssith Charles 
and their mother, < 'harlcs K. Lavell b 
the manager of the entire property. I'.y hard 
work, perseverance and careful attention i<> 
business, he is rapidK building il up and is 
ined to ba\e one of the besl equipped stuck 
ranches in that section of the county. Mi- 
is a demonstration of what can be ac- 
complished by indomitable resolution, ui 1 
ing effort and correct business methods in the 
stockgross-ing industry in Wsoming. 
family are held in the higlu n the 

community where the\ maintain their home. 
I ' 'liiically Mr. I .as ell is a >er i if 

the Republican par! s and a 1' >s al 
supporter of its principles and policies. While 
interested in public affair never sought 

< i desired to hold public office, preferring lo 
des Ote hi- enl in lime an. i >n to the care 

and management of his private business. Ib- 
is one of the rising snung business men of 
I a ramie count s . 




The Scandinavian race is fairly well repre- 
sented in Wyoming, and wherever they have 
settled within the limits of the state the}- have 
been recognized as honest, hard-working, in- 
telligent and thrifty citizens. Of this class is 
Hans Larsen, the popular dealer in lumber and 
paints at Rawlins, who was born in Denmark 
in 1867, where his father died in 1902 at the age 
of eighty-seven years, surviving the mother 
who died in 1884 when fifty-four years old. 
Hans Larsen was educated in his native land, 
and there also learned the carpenter's trade. At 
the age of twenty years he came across the broad 
Atlantic to America, coming directly west to 
Nebraska City, Nebraska, where he resided two 
years. He then, to acquire a better knowledge 
of the English language, attended school for 
some time in Howard county, Neb., thereafter 
coming to Rawlins, Wyo., where through fair 
dealing and a desire to please, he has built up 
a large trade in lumber and paint, being the lead- 
ing dealer in these articles in the town. Mr. 
Larsen was united in marriage about 1893 with 
Miss Mary Smith, daughter of Lawrence P. 
and Anna Smith, five children having been born 
to them in the following order : Lewis, Cath- 
erine, Lawrence, Henry and John. Mr. Lar- 
sen has always manifested much interest in the 
progress of Rawlins, and has made himself very 
useful in its affairs. As a Democrat he has 
served as mayor one year, and has also served 
three years as a member of the. city council. 
While advocating a liberal expenditure of 
funds for necessary improvements, he has been 
careful to advise against extravagance and friv- 
olous experimental schemes, believing that what 
has been tested and found to be good is cheap- 
est. Of a genial and affable disposition he is 
always socially inclined, and finds great pleasure 
in his association with his fellow-members of 
the fraternal orders of Odd Fellows, the Elks, 
the Woodmen of the World and the Danish 
Brotherhood. He and his family stand high in 
the social circles of Scandinavian society in Raw- 
lins and are equally well esteemed by all the 

other nationalities composing the population of 
this growing city. Many towns of the west owe 
their rapid development to just such men as 
Mr. Larsen, and this gentleman seems to intend 
to keep pace with the best of them, and the com- 
munity may well congratulate itself on having so 
progressive a gentleman in its midst. 


A native of the province of Ontario and 
Dominion of Canada, having been born there 
on September I, 1861, John J. Mcllquham is 
the son of James and Mary (Spaulding) Mc- 
llquham, the former a native of Scotland and 
the latter of Canada. James Mcllquham came 
to America from Scotland with his parents as 
early as 1822 and when but two years of age. 
The family settled in Ontario and followed 
farming, in which they had been engaged in 
the old country. Here James' father grew to 
manhood, married, and continued in agricul- 
tural pursuits until his death in 1897, and the 
mother also passed away at the same place in 
189(1, an d both are buried near the family home 
in Ontario. The old farm is still held in the 
family, an older brother of John J. now having 
charge of the property. In this quiet country 
home John J. Mcllquham attained manhood, 
learning his first lessons of life among the 
wholesome surroundings of the country and 
early being taught by his sturdy Scotch ances- 
tors the virtues of sobriety and industry. He 
received his early education in the public 
schools and later entered as a student the agri- 
cultural college of Guelph, Ontario. Here he 
remained for nearly two years, completed his 
education and returned to his home, where he 
assisted in the work and management of the 
farm until 1887, when, having- an ambition to 
engage in the stock business, he sought a larger 
field for his enterprise, and coming to Wyoming, 
he was pleased with the territory and establish- 
ed himself at what is known as Goshen Hole. 
Here he took up land and stocking it with cat- 
tle, he conducted a prosperous business until 
1890, when he purchased his present home 



ranch on Sprager Creek, about thirty-two miles 
northeast of Cheyenne, and has since been en- 
gaged at this place in the cattle business with 
great success. He is an active and progressive 
man. industrious, conservative and honest, and 
has the habits of thrift and perseverance which 
characterize the Scottish race, and to these 
sterling qualities his success is due. A self- 
made man, beginning without assistance from 
others and with small means, he has by careful 
attention to his business and by shrewd 
tm-t li< M Is, economy and good judgment, built up 
a fine and prosperous industry, which is steadily 
assuming larger proportions from year to year. 
(")n April 29, 1896, Mr. Mcllquham was united 
in marriage, in the Province of Ontario, Do- 
minion of Canada, with Miss Mary A. Bennett, 
a native of Canada and the daughter of David 
and Mary A. (Cunningham) Bennett, the former 
a native of Ireland, and the latter of Canada. 
Airs. Mcllquham's father was a farmer for 
many years in Ontario and resided there until 
his death in 1898, the mother dying in Ontario 
during the year 1894. Two children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Mcllquham; namely Ruth 
A., aged five years, and Mary E., aged two years. 
Since his residence in Wyoming, Mr. Mcllqu- 
ham has made two visits of combined business 
and pleasure to the old Ontario home and has 
omtiniud to maintain close relationship with 
thi members of the family and friends residing 
there. The family are members of the Pn-sh\ 

n church, taking a dec]) interest in all the 
charitable work of their place of residence, as 
well as in all measures for the advantage nf their 
section of the state, being most excellent citi- 
zens and enjo\ing great personal popularity. 


A native son of Wyoming and one of the 
rising and progressive young stockmen of 1 ira 
mie county. Hugh M. McPhee. whose address 
is Sherman. Wyoming, was born on Chugwatcr 
k, in the then territory of \Y\oming, on 
I Icectnher jj. I SSo, the son of I high and V 
( Teasdale ) MePhee, the former a native of 

Scotland, and the latter of Iowa. The parents 
removed their residence from Chugwater Creek 
to Xorth Pole Creek, when Hugh was only three 
years of age and he grew to manhood in the 
latter place, receiving his early education in the 
public schools of the vicinity of his boyhood's 
home. When he was nine years of age he had 
the misfortune to lose his father, but the mother 
remained upon the home ranch and carried on 
the business of ranching and cattleraising after 
the death of her husband along the same lines 
followed by him during his life, and succeeded 
in the business, and when Hugh had comp 1 
his education, he was taken into partnership by 
his mother, and had charge of the management 
of the property until 1898, when they disposed 
of their ranch and cattle, and the mother re- 
moved to Cheyenne, where she now makes her 
home at No. 721 East Twentieth street. Hugh 
then accepted a position on the ranch of F. O. 
Harrison on Rock Creek, where he remained for 
about one month, and then entered the employ 
of the Iron Mountain Ranch Co., on the Cl ing- 
water. Here he had been engaged but four days 
when he met with a serious accident, so break- 
ing his arm as to incapacitate him for work for 
five months, but after he had recovered from 
his injuries, he continued with the Iron Moun- 
tain Ranch Co., until the fall of 1899, when he 
accepted a position with the Swan Land and 
Cattle Co., one of the largest concerns of 
Wyoming, remaining with them for about ei^ht 
months and until January, KJOI, when he was 
transferred to the "L. D." ranch, one of the pi > >p 
erties of the company, and remained there until 
May, when he purchased the ranch property 
which he now occupies on Duck Creek, al 

ty-fonr miles west of the city of Clio . 
Since that time he li is been busilv engaged in 

'ly improving this place, building fences and 
(reeling a comfortable resid >r his family, 

with suitable barns and other ni D ssary buildings 
for the purpose of earning on his business of 
cattleraising. < >n June 12, mm. Mr. McPhee 
was united in marriage at Cheyenne. Wyoming, 
with Miss Catherine K. Me! ..-inghliii. daughter 
of James and Sarah i |)a!v) Mclaughlin, highly 



n spirted citizens of Wyoming, where she was 
born. Tlu-v have one child, Hugh .\I., jr.. born 
7. [902. I'lir family arc' devout members 
of the Roman Catholic church, and arc inui> 
in all works of charity and religion in the com- 
munilv where they reside. Politically, Mr. Mc- 
Phee is a .stanch member of the Republican 
party, taking an active part in the councils of that 
political organisation in Laramie county. He 
commands the respect and friendship of a wide 
circle of friends in his section of the state, and 
is one of tin- rising and enterprising men upon 
whom the future of Wvoming must largely 


Man's worth in the world is determined bv 
his success and his usefulness and these are 
much advanced when by the means of a liberal 
education, the culture of schools and the ad- 
vantages of foreign travel he has been brought 
into contact with all sorts and conditions of 
men, yet the determinate result of his life and 
the estimate of his character will even then 
proceed from what he has accomplished by the 
persistent force of his own individuality and 
the service he has rendered unto others. In 
analyzing the life- of Mr. Mc\Yhinnie we find 
that his is a well-rounded, symmetrical char- 
acter, his intelligence and scholastic acquire- 
ments being of the first order, while his upright 
manner of life entitles him to esteem, and as his 
course in business relations has been marked 
by conformity to the highest ethics of commer- 
cial integrity his success is the symmetrical re- 
sult of his wise efforts. C. H. McWhinnie was 
born near London, England, on September 7, 
1861, the son of John and Mary (King) Mc- 
Whinnie, the father being a native of Ayrshire, 
Scotland, while the mother was born in Buck- 
inghamshire, - England. His paternal grand- 
father, William J. McWhinnie, always dwelt, in 
Ayrshire where he was for years engaged in 
merchandising. The father, John McWhinnie, 
after studying medicine and receiving his pro- 
fessional degree held for a number of years a 

C immissiofJ as licet surgeon in the I'lrilish Xavv, 
after his retirement making his home in a villa 
near London, later removing to Bournemouth, 
where he is still a resident, enjoying excellent 
health for a gentleman of 8< > years. C. H. 
McNYhinnie, his fourth child, was sent to a board- 
ing school in German\ at the age of six years, 
there passing four years, thence going to Lu- 
cerne, Switzerland, after two years departing 
thence to an educational institution in Florence, 
Italy, where two years more of study ensued 
and thereafter, before his return to England he 
was a pupil tor-twelve months in a preparatory 
school at Zurich, Germany. In England again, 
he became a student at a military academy, but 
his knowledge of the English language was so 
meager through neglect that at the end of a 
three years course he failed to pass the examina- 
tions. He then commenced the study of medi- 
cine, but failing to acquire interest in it he 
threw aside his medical volumes and enlisted as 
a sailor hi the merchant marine service, visit- 
ing in the four years he gave to this life. Aus- 
tralia, Xew Zealand, South Africa, India. China 
and many other countries. In 1886 he came 
to \\ \oming, first locating at Sherman. In 
1892 he purchased a ranch on the La Bonte 
River and is now possessed of a fine estate of 
nearly 1000 acres, of which a large proportion 
is under effective irrigation. On this fertile es- 
tate he is raising stock in quite an extensive 
manner, having some valuable specimens of 
Hereford cattle of superior breed and raising 
large annual crops of excellent hay. His resi- 
dence is one of the attractive 'homes of a wide 
extent of country, and here -Mr. McWhinnie and 
his estimable wife, to whom he was married 
on December 16, 1896, and whose maiden name 
was Carrie Pollard, unite in dispensing a hospi- 
tality as generous and as courteous as was ever 
bestowed by royalty, the democratic character 
of the host allowing him to know no distinction 
between honest men of honest character. In- 
telligent, popular and public spirited, every pub- 
lic improvement of local or general character 
finds in hirn an enthusiastic supporter, while in 
recognition of his fitness for office he was nomi- 



1 h\ the Democratic party in iSoS for mem- 
ber l' the Stati.- Legislature, receiving a o 
plimcntan \ote, but not securing an 

rnallv he is an active and valiu 
the i Order of ( >dd Fellows. .Mr. 

Alc\\ hiunie'- oldest hmther, William AlcV 1 . 

nie, is a major in the army, bein 

nected \\ith the Kighty-sixth Royal Irish Ri 
which wrought such deeds of valor in ihr I 
lian and l!oer wars. In the former lite gallant 
major led a regiment of native troop .1 
fongin with them in a number of hotly con- 
tested battles. Mich being his daring that he 

honored by the Kgyptian gi >\ eminent, 
which conferred upon him the title of Mijidica 
of tin. fourth class, a distinction m.inled only 
to the bravest i if men. 


The pioneer settler of the La I'.onte section 

of the country, where he made the first location 

on the creek, a valiant soldier of the Civil War, 

a representative citizen of high ability, holding 

public trust of important connection to tin 

tire satisfaction of a very critic-d ronstituencv . 

Charles A. 1'ollard was a man most certainly 

deserving mention in this volume devoted t 

\ e men of \\ \ oming. being oi good 

Xew Kngland origin, and having his birth in the 

cal city of I'.oston. Mass., on \pril iS, 

1,^48. Coming t" the \\Y.-i as a young man 

he resided at Alton. 111., for a time, he then 

became a pioneer on the site of the present city 

of Council lUuffs. Iowa, in iSjS. and Eol 

lowing the pioneering proclivities dial had 

.dil him SO far to the westward, he came 

licveime the next year, locating l\\el\e miles 

i . irl 1 ai amie, < >n the Laramii i ' 
where he engaged iii stockrai -ing. hi- operations 
during the live years of hi- residence b 
in- line re-uli-. Selling out, in iSS^ he made 
the first tiling for land made on the I .a I'.onte 
1 reek, thus -retiring a verj line propert) and 
the tifst water right mi the creek on which lie 
commenced \alnable improvement.-, \\hich since 
Ins death, in Align-!. 1X1,5, ha- leiisivcl) 

continued by his r and son-in-lav 

!c\\ liinnie. and he here coniiucted a 
business in the raisii hi.- 

to both I id cattle, of which on 

tin unlimited rangi he ; in I irge hi n - 

nil citixen. doing 

llenl siTvice on the 1- connu , 

oners and in other positions of ]mblic trust 
Republican. Hi- marriage to AI is- i 
belli Jones, a native of I '.n n ! vilh . Onl 
1 born in 184^ and died on O r 31 >. 

. at La Bonte, \\ yi >m\ ig, < curred in i 
and their four children were: Marv I!., wlm 
in infancy; Harry I'., now r .1. La 

I'.onte, \V\".: Carrie J. (Pollard) AkAVhinnie. 
living on the old bom ' reek ; 

i-'.., now living near Lnd!o\\ . South ! )a- 
I luring the latter part of the Civil War. 
Air. I 'i 'Hard enlisted in the I'nion army, serving 
v, ilh distinction until the war was end. 
he w; m 'i-ibly discharged. Mr. McWhinnie 
ho\\-n a trub progressive spirit and prac- 
tical i idgl lenl in continuing the improvements 
iiiaugurated on this truly beautiful property, 
irrigating dilche- furnishing an ample 
) of water for all desired 

; .S II. MA(i( )t IN. 

i ine ot the progressive and. intblic spirited 
n of Converse i f, Wyom f. H. 

. 'ii enjoys die di-lincti' HI the 

persi HI i" li M .unty 

ides. I le was bi irn at 1 
m i he ]M-O\ ince < >\ ' 'ntarii i, < anada, . m \jiril 
14. 1^57. the son of \Villianl and Kli/abcth 
i Prentiss) Magoon, the Former a native of \'er- 
mout and the Ian inada. The father re- 

moved in early life from In- -late to 

ada, where b. followed the occupation of 
farming until iSi>7. when lie removed to llar- 
risonville. Lewis county. X. Y.. \\here he en- 

farming and lumbering;, and n 
until his death. lie bad a family of nine chil- 
dren. lames being ill' OH. lie grew to 

man's estate in New York, fi here In- 

early education, being a graduate from the 



high school of Harrisonville. After having com- 
pleted his education, he engaged in teaching for 
two terms in the schools of Lewis county, and 
then sought his fortune in the West, coming to 
Nebraska, where he engaged in teaching for a 
short time in Hamilton county, then accepted 
a clerkship in a store, where he remained until 
iNSn. He then came to Cheyenne, Wyo., and 
was employed for a short time as a clerk, but 
soon engaged in business for himself. He soon 
disposed of his mercantile interests, and re- 
moved to Converse county, where he located 
on his present ranch on Young Woman's Creek, 
about twelve miles northwest of Lusk, and en- 
tered upon the business of stockraising. He 
has continued since that time to make this place 
his headquarters, is now the owner of about 
1000 acres of fairly improved land and is gradu- 
ally building up a fine ranch property. For 
eight years he was engaged in cattleraising 
but then changed his stock to horses, rais- 
ing Hambletonian and Gold Dust stock, as 
well as other grades of trotting animals. In 
July. 1882, Mr. Magoon married Miss Etta M. 
Watt, the daughter of Wm. Watt, a highly re- 
spected citizen of Ohio, where she was born. 
Upon the breaking out of war between the 
United States and Spain in 1898, Mr. Magoon 
offered his services to IT'S country and enlisted 
as a member of Troop E, Second U. S. Volun- 
teer Cavalry, Colonel Terry's Rough Riders. 
After being mustered into service in May, 1898, 
the regiment was ordered to Florida, where 
they were held in camp until September, when 
the war being over they were honorably dis- 
charged. During this time he was in charge 
of the culinary department of the troop and 
discharged his responsible duties in a highly 
satisfactory manner. In 1901 he accepted a po- 
sition with the Barron Mercantile Co., of Lusk. 
Wyo., in its mercantile department, and con- 
tinued that occupation until September 21, 1902, 
when the store was sold to H. C. Snyder. Mr. 
Magoon is affiliated with the Woodmen of the 
\Vorld and for nine years he has served the 
community in which he resides as a school trus- 
tee, and takes an active inttifst in all measures 

calculated to improve the condition and pro- 
mote the welfare of the city, county and state 
of his residence, being highly respected by all 
classes of his fellow citizens. 


In compiling a work devoted to the repre- 
sentative men of a young and growing state, 
the life records of the early pioneers cannot be 
ignored, for they are the real founders of the 
state, and their names will be ever associated 
with its history. As an instance of the suc- 
cess possible to well directed efforts governed by 
a definite purpose in life, attention is specifically 
called to the career of Samuel Martin. Reach- 
ing the far West when it was a wilderness, in 
many ways he has contributed to its development 
rmd to-day he is well and favorably known 
throughout a wide extent of its territory. He 
was born in Manchester, England, on December 
7, 1839, the son of Ellis and Elizabeth (Parting- 
ton) Martin, descendants of old Welsh families. 
The father was a slater and worked at his trade 
in Wales and England, dying in 1843, an d leav- 
ing a widow and seven children, of whom Sam- 
uel was next to the youngest. Being thrown 
on his own resources early in life he had scant 
opportunity for the education of schools, but 
by diligent use of what chance he had he made 
rapid progress in studies, at the age of seven- 
teen deciding to seek his fortune amid the larger 
opportunities and greater freedom of the United 
States, and in 1856, after a voyage of six weeks 
in a sailing vessel, he reached this country and 
for a number of years thereafter was engaged in 
farming in Wisconsin. When the Civil War 
threatened the' integrity of the LTnion he promptly 
enlisted in Co. D. First Wisconsin Cavalry, and 
loyally followed the flag until disability incurred 
in the service caused his discharge in December, 
1863. In the spring of 1864 he sold out in Wis- 
consin and removed to Denver, Colorado, and 
near that city witnessed the first Indian outbreak 
of that year, being on Sand Creek when the 
first whites were massacred and narrowly es- 
caped the fate that overtook so many unfor- 



tunates. From Denver he went to Central City 
;ui<l was there employed by the Xew York < 
nell .Mining Co., at seven dollars and a half per 
day. and worked seventeen months in the ra 
n< ar that place, frequently making by working 
over time a record of fifteen days a week-, and 
then entered the employ of Whitney & Whiting 
,'- i | inspector. In this capacity he traversed a 
wide area and located a. number of properties 
which pmved to be very valuable. On December 
6, [865, at Burlington, Iowa, he was united in 
inarriage with Miss Mary Campbell, of Eng- 
1 ad, who. according to a previous engagement 
between them, came from her native land to 
meet him in the prairie section of the great 
During the next two years they lived in 
Denver, Mr. Martin being engaged in contract- 
ing and realizing from his undertakings from 
twenty-five to thirty-five dollars a day. They 
thru removed to a point on the Arkansas river 
in Colorado, but owing to the hostility of the 
Indians soon changed to a safer place of res- 
ce in El Paso county in that state, where he 
1 da ranch, which he operated until 1871, 
tlu n selling out and removing to W\ -Mining, but 
the school facilities satisfactory he 
' IM \rgenta, Montana, and there opened a 
hotel, an unfortunate move which resulted in 
,\;<_\ financial ruin in one year. lie then 
ii|> hi- residence at Cotton I 'tali, and 

found employment as a teamster at remunerative 
\ year and a half later his faithful and 
devoted wife died at the early age Mf thirty-three 
years, leaving IWM children, three others having 
previously passed away. The living children 
Vlan A. and Margarel E.; the MI!HTS bring 
I Ian. nd Ellis B. In i*7-| Mr. Mar- 

tin \viit IM Nevada but returned (M I'tnh the 
autumn, and with his (WM children ivniMyed 
to MM- itana and there tallowed freighting until 
the latti r part < if 1X77. 1 1< ib. n w enl to V 
ington ami took up a claim in Klickitat county, 
being thi- lirsl srttler to turn the -od in thai parl 
MI' the country. \\'hile living there, on \pril fi, 
|SS^. bis daughter, Margaret, died and then-, tOO, 
One niMntb earlier, hi- other dan-liter. Man. 
united in marriage tn Ralph ( 'otisins. of Can- 

ada, who, with his parents, natives of Eng', 
settled there soon after Mr. Martin. In 1885 
Mr. Martin disposed of his interests in Wash- 
ington and in 1886 retunu-d to Montana and 
. 1 the winter with a sister living at Arling- 
In 1887 he again came to Wyoming 1 and 
took up a preemption claim of 160 acres on Slate 
Creek, seventeen by six miles east of Opal, in 
Uinta county, where he has since been profitably 
engaged in farming and stockraising. Later he 
took up a homestead of t6o acres and in addition 
to his agricultural pursuits opened a roadhouse 
for the accommodation of the traveling public. 
Recently he sold his stock that he might give 
his whole attention to farming, in which his suc- 
cess has been very gratifying. He is now con- 
ducting operations in this line of industry on a 
scale of magnitude duly proportioned to his abil- 
ities; and with his life seasoned by the lessons 
of adversity and the deeper impressions left by 
n pc.ated bereavements, he gives to his fellows 
an example of good citizenship and philosophical 


l',el":ighig to that public spirited class of men 

identified with the live stock industry, Augustus 

H. Mason, of this review, is ciititk d to more than 

-sing notice in the list of Laramie county's 

enterprising and representative citizens. His life 

Forms an unbroken chain, linking the pr. 

\\ilh the past history of the West, as his ,- 

has been confined entirely to the two stai 

\\ \Mining and ( 'ol irad< I. His parents, \iiLMistiis 

and Lottie i Beeb \M wen natives of Mon- 

, Canada, md oi \<\\ York. I -'or a number 

irs tin father was employed on the Erie 

d, but in i Si n , movi d to I and pur- 

ing land i me mile fri 'in Fort ( 'ollin- 

rming, making his home in that part of the 

m until iS:)j. when he came to Wyoming. 

ing on a ranch in the I Matte Valley which 

he had previousl] entered, and about lSi>n he 

had begun dealing in cattle, can on the 

business in dilTerenl places until 1804. when he 

d to X'ebraska, where he lived until the 



<ic;iih of his wife in iS</>, thereafter coming to 
Wyoming, anil until his death on April 8, tyoi. 
he lived with his son. Augustus. Augustus II. 
Mason was horn on Jam: '873. at Fort 

Collins, Colo., and until his seventeenth 
lived on the parental farm, attending the schools 
of Fort Collins winters, during the rest of the 
year assisting his father, growing strong and 
rugged and early developing the spirit of inde- 
pendence and self-reliance by which his subse- 
quent life has been characterized. The habit of 
relying on himself was strikingly displayed in 
hi- seventeenth year, when he left home and 
started out in quest of his . own fortune, going 
to Running Water. Wyoming, \vhere he rode the 
r.-mgc for one summer. Returning to Fort Col- 
lins in the fall he spent the winter at home help- 
ing his father, but in the spring he again took 
to the range, devoting the greater part of the 
next year to cattle driving in Colorado. In 1891 
he came to Laramie county, Wyo., and settled 
on a place his father had previously taken up. 
and for two years thereafter was engaged in 
cattleraising upon his own responsibility. In 
luly, 1893, -\' r - -Mnson bought a stage line with 
headquarters at Alliance, Neb., and for nearly a 
year thereafter gave his exclusive attention to 
its operation. In the spring of 181)4 he pur 
chased a livery barn in the town of (iering. 
Neb., and carried on a livery business in con- 
nection with staging until early in 1896 when 
he disposed of his Nebraska interests and, re- 
turning to Wyoming, took up the ranch in Lar- 
amie county, two miles east of Torrington. which 
he has since owned and operated. Meanwhile 
he lived on a ranch a- short distance west of Tor- 
rington, which he also owns, continuing to re 
side there until the fall of 1900 when he changed 
his residence to the former place which he still 
makes his home.' This fine estate consists of 
560 acres of fine grazing land, lies in a beautiful 
valley and by a successful system of irrigation the 
fertility of the soil has been greatly enhanced 
and its productiveness increased. He devoted 
considerable attention to hay, from the sale of 
which no small part of his income is derived, but 
his principal business is raising horses, in which 

he has met with most gratifying success. I i 
also engaged in the cattle industry, but not upon 
an extensive scale, although he has some fine 
herd-- I" which additions are being made from 
time to time. Mr. Mason is up-to-date in all 
that he undertakes, conducting his affairs upon 
slrictK business principles, and by close appli- 
cation and good management he has accumulated 
a handsome competence. He has made his home 
' i ful and attractive, has provided liberally 
for his family and spared no reasonable ex- 
e in surrounding those dependent upon him 
with the comforts and luxuries of life. Like 
i western men he takes broad view.-- of 
things and there is nothing little or narrow in 
his make-up. A self-made man in the true sense 
he term, he appreciates the difficulties and 
trials which beset the beginner, and is ever reach- 
courage such with his advice, and in a more 
substantial way should necessity require it. Lib- 
eral in his ideas and generous with his means for 
the encouragement of laudable enterprises, he- 
has won an enviable position in the community, 
and his personal popularity is only circumscribed 
by the hounds beyond which his name is not 
known. Mr. Mason is a married man and has an 
interesting family of three children, namely : Eva 
L, Edith I. and Florence B. The mother of these 
children before her marriage at Alliance, Neb., 
on Januar\ 5, 1897, was a Miss Gertrude A. 
Walsh, a native of Iowa, and a daughter of 
Thomas and Kate Walsh, both' of whom were 
born in Ireland, and are now living on a farm in 
Scott's l.'.luff county. Neb. Fraternally, Mr. 
Mason is affiliated with the Modern Woodmen 
ol America, belonging to the camp at Gering, 
Neb. It is a fact worthy of mention that his 
mother was the second white woman to locate 
within the present boundaries of Laramie county, 
Colo., the family moving there before the coun- 
tiy had been explored or surveyed, the only in- 
habitants being Indians and a few scattering 
miners. His father was the first man to drive 
a team from Fort Collins to Cheyenne. He was 
obliged to find bis way over a wild country which 
few white men had previously seen to haul lum- 
ber for the construction of Fort Russell. 




\ pioneer ranchman and one of the leading 
Stockmen of his section of Albany count}', is 
the subject of this sketch. Jaines M. May, whose 
address is Uatton, Wyoming, lie was horn 
in Virginia in 1852, and is the son of Valentine 
and Klixabcih iFarbeck) Ma\. natives of Ger- 
many. His father emigrated from the Father- 
land during his early life and settled in Virginia, 
where he followed fanning and continued in 
that pursuit in Virginia and Iowa up to the 
time of his decease, which occurred in iS-S. 
The mother was a woman of remarkable 
strength of character, and the mother of eleven 
children. She passed away in 1803. Tames 
M. May grew to man's estate in Iowa and re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools. 
When he arrived at the age of twenty-one years 
he determined to seek his fortune in the new 
country of the far West, and leaving Iowa he 
came to Laramie City, Wyo., and secured em- 
ployment as a rider on the range, that he might 
acquire a practical knowledge of ihe cattle busi- 
ness, in which he intended to engage as soon 
as circumstances would permit, lie remained 
in this employment for a period of about three 
years, and then purchased a ranch on Little 

amie River, Wyo.. and entered upon the 
business which he had had in mind since first 
coining to the territory. For twenty-five years 
he has continued in ranching and cattleraising 
at his original place on Little Laramie Ri\er. 
and has met with conspicuous success in his 
undertakings. Starting in a small way, with 
little land and a few head of stock cattle, he 
is now th r of a tine ranch, comprising 

3,500 acres of land, well fenced and -im- 
proved, with the - building-* and appli 

for the carrying on of a large ><ving 

industry. Me i- also the owner of a large band 

attle, and is counted as one -olid 

business men and substantial propert) owners 
of his section of the state. Mis success is due 
to his own efforts and to his indusir\. per 

In iX~>> Mr. 
May was united in marriage- with Miss Fannie 

Marble, a native of Wisconsin, the daughter 
of John and Elvira ( King i Marble, highly rc- 
spected*citizens of her native state. Her father 
was a native of New York uho removed from 
ihal state in early life to Wisconsin, where he 
remained for a number ot \ears and then re- 
moved to Iowa. In a short time thereafter he 
disposed of his Iowa property and came td 
Wyoming, where he established his home on 
the Little Laramie River, and entered upon 
the business of ranching and stockraising and 
is still residing" there at an advanced age. hav- 
ing been born in 1821). Her mother is also a 
native of the Empire State, her birth occurring 
in 1837, alu ' snc ' s s 'i" living. Four children 
have come to bless the home life of Mr. and 
Mrs. May: Maud. Claude, Ralph and Lloyd, all 
of whom are living. The family is held in high 
esteem by all who know them and the home 
is noted for its genial and gracious hospitality. 


Among the enterprising men who have 
taken up their residence in Laramie county, 
W\oming. and exerted influence on the com- 
munity, especially in connection with the live- 
stock industry, is Albert R. Melloy. whose in- 
dividuality of character, strong physical and 
mental powers and progressive ideas ha\e made 
his name familiar in his section of the state. 
men have had a more active career and 
perhaps no one in this part of the countr\ lias 
traveled more extensively or profiled as much 
li) his observations as did Mr. Mclloy In 
his settlement "ii the place he no\\ 
I le was born in l'err\ ci Mini \ . ' >hi i, < MI ' 
ruary _<). iS(i. Mis father was Richard Mello\. 
a native of Ireland who a number of -. 
came to I'err\ count) where he married Martha 
llolan. a native of < )|iio. Later hi' migrated to 
Illinois where he followed agricultural pursuits 
For some years, moving thence to Lincoln. 

\eb.. near \\hich cit\ he also engaged in farm- 
Mis wife died at Kickapoo. 111., in iSo; 
and he departed this life in lSc).| at his home 
in Xebraska. Albert R. Mello - nmg 



when his parents left Ohio and his early youth 
was passed in Marshall county, 111. The public 
school contributed to his educational discipline 
and until twenty years of age he lived at home 
as his father's capable and faithful assistant on 
the farm. About 1880 he left the parental roof 
and began working for himself at Lincoln, 
Neb., as hod. carrier, but did not remain long 
at that place or this employment, leaving the 
city after a few months to take a position on 
a railroad. After spending several months in 
this occupation on a road in eastern Nebraska, 
he was in the employ of the Missouri River 
Railroad for about four months when he re- 
turned to Nebraska and engaged for about two 
years in farming near the state capital, thence 
removing to Grand Island where he spent the 
following summer variously employed. Dur- 
ing the two ensuing years he farmed in Fillmore 
county, Xeb., in 1885 returning to Lincoln, 
where he remained until the spring of 1886 
when he went to western Nebraska and entered 
thr employ of a ranchman near the town of 
Tabor, where he remained until the spring of 
1887, from that place coming to Wyoming and 
for some months worked on an irrigating ditch. 
After this labor he engaged with the P. F. Cat- 
tle Co. to work as a ranch hand on the Platte, 
in which capacity he continued until the fall of 
the above year when he resigned his position 
and returned to Nebraska, spending the ensuing 
winter at Tabor. The next spring he resumed 
his relations with the P. ,F. Co. from which time 
until the fall of 1888 he was employed on several 
ranches and became thoroughly experienced in 
the details of the livestock business. The win- 
ter of 1888 and 1889 he spent in visiting rela- 
tives and friends in Lincoln and Fillmore 
counties, Neb., in the spring returning to Wyo- 
ming and subsequently changing his location 
to Colorado where for two years he was en- 
gaged in mining. From Colorado Mr. Melloy 
in 1891 went to Big Creek, Idaho, but that 
place he soon left and made his way to Butte, 
Mont., where he followed mining for a limited 
period, thence going to Salt Lake City, Utah, 
and from there, in a very short time, going to 

Eureka, Utah, where he followed mining with 
fair results until the fall of 1892 when he re- 
turned to Wyoming and took up his present 
ranch on the Platte River, twelve miles east 
of Fort Laramie. Mr. Melloy did not at once 
move to his place but shortly after locating it 
again entered the employ of the P. F. Co. for 
the greater part of 1893 and 1894, in the mean- 
while devoting his leisure to the improve- 
ment of his ranch. In the fall of 1895 
he went to Southern Utah and there resumed 
mining, but one year later he fully abandoned 
that business to devote all of his time and ener- 
gies exclusively to his ranch. Since then 
he has been engaged in agricultural pursuits 
and cattleraising, giving special attention to 
hay, for which his place is peculiarly adapted, 
but conducting general farming quite exten- 
sively, having 240 acres under successful culti- 
vation, the returns giving a handsome income. 
From the sale of hay he also realizes large re- 
turns while his live stock interests have grown 
in magnitude until he is now classed with the 
leading cattle men of his district. Mr. Melloy 
is certainly a man of enterprise as the splendid 
condition of his ranch attests after the short 
lime he has spent on its improvement. It is 
one of the most beautiful, as well as one of the 
most valuable places of its area in the county 
of Laramie, no pains having been spared to 
make it attractive and profitable. The life of 
Mr. Melloy has been full of activity, crowded 
with interesting experiences, and he has always 
borne himself in a manly way, and doing all 
within his power to promote his own interests, 
but never conflicting with those of others. In 
his community no man is held in higher per- 
sonal esteem, and by his upright and manly 
course of conduct he has shown himself worthy 
the respect with which he is regarded. He is 
decidedly western in his tastes and inclinations 
and a notable example of the intelligent and 
progressive class to which he belongs. At 
Boulder, Colo., on June 21, 1890, Mr. Melloy 
and Alice, daughter of William and Mary 
(Case) Gillispie, were joined in marriage. Mrs. 
Melloy was born in Iowa, her father and mother 



being natives of Virginia and ( >hio. She has 
presented her husband with two children, 
Martha and Jessie. Mr. and Mrs. Melloy sub- 
scribe in the Catholic creed and were born and 
reared in the mother church. 


A successful business man and property own- 
er of the city of Laramie, Wyoming, and a 
impressive and popular citizen, is James R. 
Moore, the subject of this review. He was born 
in 1845. m Indiana, the son of James P. and 
Sarah i \\'<>rthington) Moore, the former a na- 
tive of Ohio, and the latter of England. The 
father followed the occupation of farming in 
Morgan county, Ohio, where he was born in 
1822. and removed to White county, Indiana, in 
1X4:;, continuing to be a farmer until his death 
in 1888. He was the son of James P. and Mary 
Ann ( Brown') Moore, and was a steadfast and 
loyal Whig, and afterward a pioneer of the Re- 
publican party. His father, the grandsire of J. 
R. Moore, was a native of Massachusetts, who 
emigrated in early days to Ohio, and there fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming up to the time 
f his death in 1862. The grandmother. Mary 
Ann (I'.rown) Moore, was a native of Ireland 
and came from her native country to Massa- 
chusetts when a small child with her parents. 
Subsequently she made her home in Ohio, where 
she married and passed the remainder of her 
life, passing away in 1873 :it t' K ' a ." c '~ s <'\<' 11 t\- 
three years. The mother of Mr. Moore was n 
daughter of Richard and Mary (Cook) Worth- 
ington, both natives of Knglaud. She came from 
her native country with her parents when she 
was one year old and they established their home 
in \Yhite enmity, Indiana. Here she was mar- 
ried to James T. Moore in 18)4. Her father. 
Richard \Y<>rthingt<>n, passed away in Indiana. 
in 1866, at the aiM- of -eventy-tive years, and 
lar mother in 1X1,7 at the age <>l" sixty-three, 
lames R. M n< ire grew to manhood in Indiana. 
and received hi- earh education in the public 
sehnols of White county. In 1X1.3 he left M-hoiil 
and enlisted as a private soldier in Co. I 1 '. < >ne 

Hundred and Twenty-eighth Indiana regiment, 
and served during the remainder of the war, be- 
ing mush red ou1 in 1866 as a non-commissioned 
officer. During his term of military service he 
'participated in not less than sixteen battles, but 
was> enough to escape without serious 
injury. At the end of the war he engaged in 
farming in Indiana, where he remained until 
1881, when he disposed of his property in that 
state and removed his residence to Kansas, where 
lie resided conducting the same occupation for 
five years, in 1886 removing to Nebraska. He 
continued here in the same business until 1892, 
when he disposed of his farm and with his fam- 
ily came to Laramie. Here he engaged in ranch- 
ing ami stockraising, and also in burning lime, 
operating large kilns situated about one and 
one-half miles east of the city. He is still suc- 
cessfully engaged in these various lines of in- 
dustry and has established, himself as one of the 
prosperous and pi n business men of that 

section of the state. My his industry, enter] 
and good business management he has built up 
a large and profitable business in the different 
lines which have occupied his attention and he 
is no\v counted as one' of the substantial prop- 
i.rty owners of that vicinity. In \S~2 he was 
united in marriage in his nath f Indiana, 

with .Miss Mary K. I loldstock. a natixe of that 
state and a daughter of Ephraim and Ann I Fish- 
beck i Holdstock, well-known and respected res- 
idents of Indiana. Mrs. Moore's father was 
born in F.lmira, X. Y., in 1825. Tie was a me- 
chanic and removed from \Y\\ York in early 
life to Michigan and subsequently established 
his home in Fulton county, Indiana, where he 
passed away in 1851. He was the son of James 
P. and Margaret (Meadest) Holdstock, nal 
of England, who had emigrated to th, i 
States in iS_>4. later removing to Indiana, where 
he died in 1X5(1. at the age of sixty-nine years. 
.Margaret I Mi idi 5t) Holi ck died in iXi.ii in 
Indiana, both her parents are buried in the 
famil) cemeter) in the old homestead. _i 
P. 1 |olilst,,el was tin s, ,n of John P. and Sarah 
(Saxton) 1 loldstoek. natives of England. The 
f Mrs. Moore, \\linse maiden iianu 

1 3 o 


Ann FiMibcck, was a native of Huron county, 
(>liii>. where she was I Mini in iSji. Removing 
in carlv life tn Fulton county, Indiana, she was 
there married in 1844 to Ephraim Holdstock, 
hun- the daughter of Freeman and Mary (Jack- 
son ) Fishbeck, respected oldtime residents of 
Indiana, and she i> now living at the advanced 
age Hi" eighty-one years. Freeman Fishbeck was 
the son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Freeman) Fish- 
beck, the former of German and the latter of 
English descent. Air. and Airs. Moore have two 
children, William E. and .Mary E. The latter 
is a young woman of charming traits of char- 
acter and is justly popular in the refined social 
circles of Laramie City. The family are among 
the most highly respected in the city of their res- 
idence. The son, William E., is a stockgrower 
and ranchman, owning and operating a ranch on 
the Pioneer ditch. He is a young man of excel- 
lent character and principle and is respected 
by all. 


With the martial spirit of his Irish ances- 
try burning high in his veins, with unquailing 
courage and unyielding force of character, with 
a power of logic and forensic utterance that, car- 
ries all before it, and with literary and poetic 
graces of speech that enable him to twine the 
club of Hercules with the flowers of rhetoric, 
Hon. Wesley P. Carroll of Cheyenne is a very 
accomplished and has been 'a very useful man. 
From his early youth he has been deeply and in- 
telligently interested in the welfare of his coun- 
try and, wherever he has cast his lot in its broad 
expanse, he has labored to promote that wel- 
fare 'and stimulate to more intense and produc- 
tive activity all its educational, moral, literary 
and civic forces. He is a native of Vermont, 
born near West Burke in that sturdy old state. 
When he was six months old his parents moved 
to Lynn, Mass., and after a residence of seven 
years in that city returned to their Vermont 
home. Mr. Carroll was an invalid in childhood 
and boyhood and was therefore able to get but 
little education at the schools; but his mind was 

insatiable and by diligence and good judgment 
in reading he made up the deficiency, and so 
completely that at the age of twelve his knowledge 
of history enabled him to talk politics intelli- 
gently with any man in his county. When he 
was but eleven years old his mother died, and 
circumstances soon after compelled him to go 
out into the world and fight the battle of life 
for himself. His ancestry is said to include close 
kinship with Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the 
last surviving signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, but the Judge has never investigated 
this claim, being firmly convinced that a man 
should be valued for his own merit rather than 
for that of his relations. In July, 1861, when but 
fourteen years of age, he joined the Third \ er- 
mont Infantry and served with this regiment two 
years and was then honorably discharged on ac- 
count of disabilities incurred in the service. As 
soon as he recovered his health in some measure 
he enlisted a second time, becoming color-bearer 
of the Third Vermont Battery of Light Artillery, 
and with this battery he served to the end of the 
war. His command was a part of the Army of 
the Potomac, and he was conspicuous and active 
in all the campaigns of that great fighting organ- 
ization from the time he entered the field to the 
final triumph at Appomattox. He took part in 
thirty-two hard-fought battles and, including 
sieges, was under fire 343 davs during the war. 
While in the infantry after his first enlistment, 
he was one of the 200 men who made the des- 
perate charge across the Warwick River at the 
siege of Yorktown. Of this gallant band only 
forty-five came out of the charge, of which com- 
petent military critics asserted that it was the 
nearest approach to Thermopylae that occurred 
in the Civil War. At the battle of Reams Station 
he ordered the countermarch of thirty pieces of 
light artillery on his own responsibility, getting 
them off the field just in time to save them from 
capture by the Confederates, there being no in- 
fantry available to support the guns. At the 
second battle of Peeble's Farm he was the first 
to discover the approach of a dense mass of 
Confederates charging down on the Union lines 
without any previous alarm having been given. 


and without orders turned his twelve-pound Xa- 
poleoii gun " n the enemy, by his rapid firing he 
not oiilv checked the advance, hut by the alarm it 
gave he enabled Wheaton's Division to form in 
line iif hattle, repulse the attack and save Grant's 
army from being- cut in two. With his own hand 
Mr. Carroll fired the signal gun for the final at- 
tack on Petersburg and Richmond, the attack 
which resulted in the fall of those two cities and 
ultimately in the surrender of Lee's arm}' at Ap- 
pomattox. Judge Carroll returned from the war 
on [tine 15, 1805, and in the September follow- 
ing, engaged in farming in Minnesota for a 
short time, then he became a law-student in the 
office of J. O. and J. D. Farmer of Spring Val- 
ley in that state, in due time being admitted to the 
bar. He held the offices of justice of the peace, 
municipal justice and municipal attorney at 
Spring Valley and was twice elected a member 
of the board of education. All this eventful life 
occurred before he was twenty-five years old. 
At the request of the Republican party mana- 
gers he stumped the southern part of Minnesota 
in iS'iS. iS() and 1X71. and for three succes- 
sive years lie delivered the annual address before 
the joint agricultural fair of Fillmore and Mower 
counties. In 1873 he came to Wyoming, where, 
on December 15. he opened a law-office at Chey- 
enne. Just six months after locating in that city 
iu was appointed assistant prosecuting attorney 
Eor Laramie county, a position he held for more 
than three vears. Some time later he became 
city attorney for one term, lie was also terri- 
ti>rial Supreme Court reporter for a number of 
\cars and from 1888 to 1805 held the offu -, of 
justice of the peace, an office then far more im- 
potant than it U HOW. The Judge was in active 
practice at the bar for more than twent) years, 
and has been connected with the press from time 
to time for main years, lie has given closi 
careful attention to literature and has written 
manj productions in rhyme that have attracted 
extensive notice and made him a reputation as 
a poet, as a result thereof he has been call 
more than fifty times within the last score of 
years to indite and i' 1 read original poems for 
churches ami other organizations mi pnbli. 

sions. Tn 1890 he published a volume of poems 
entitled "Moss Agate-." which was well received 
bv the public. In i8<v> he wrote and published 
"The Sabbath as an American War Hay." a 
l>< ml that has elicited many flattering critic 
and praises from high sources and is destined to 
have an elevated and a permanent place in liter- 
ature. Within the present year ( 1903 ) he has 
published a volume entitled "Curious, Singular 
and Remarkable Facts in American History." 
which is having a large circulation. In all thing-, 
involving the literary, educational and moral wel- 
fare of the community the Judge has taken a 
leading part, while for nine years he maintained 
and kept in active life at his own expense the 
Carroll Lyceum, and on several occasions he has 
delivered before the people of his town valu- 
able courses of lectures. The West has many 
men of mental power and forensic ability; and 
inanv with a high order of poetic talent and lit- 
'erary culture. I'.ut there are few like Judge Car- 
mil, men who are at once the strength and the 
' irnament of si iciet) . 


Relatively speaking nothing in the hisi. if 
Wyoming can be called old or claim the 
sanctity of real antiquity, but there has been 
crowded into the existence of territory and state 
so much of heroic achievement, SO much that 
Ting mid admirable, an.l so much of prog- 
ress and success, that its standing is as high 
as many places on which sits the majesf of cen- 
tures. No men have in any age endured more 
than the pioneers of the state and among the 
heroic figures of that noble and daring class no 
individual stands ,,nt more conspicuous or has 
.1 higher claim upon pr' : the 

well-known pioneer and worthy citixen. William 
11. Mellor. He was horn ill Kng- 
1: i ml, mi Ink}. iS^j. the son of Robert ( 'ollinsoil 
and Man (Hi| [i "' "'. both i if English 

birth. The father was a prosperous cotton 
n factUI er, located for '< the city of Bl 
burn. Lancashire. He was a man of consider- 
able prom 



sitions in his city besides being a leading worker 
in the Wesleyan Methodist church. After at- 
taining a comfortable competency, from 1848 he 
lived a life of honorable retirement, being an 
earnest Christian and a zealous advocate of tem- 
perance, living closely to his ideals of manhood. 
It is said that he never used tobacco in any form 
and never tasted intoxicating liquor from early 
boyhood having been free from all habits tending 
to pollute the body or dull the intellect. John 
Mellor, the father of Robert, was a designer and 
blockcutter, and in addition to his regular vo- 
cation he was identified with the commercial in- 
terests of his town as a grocer and was success- 
ful in the sense in which the term is usually un- 
derstood. The Mellors have long been known as 
deeply religious people, the ancestors for many 
generations having been noted for their piety. 
John Mellor was one of the leading Non-con- 
formists of his native city and for twenty-five 
years he was the superintendent of the Sunday- 
school of the Wesleyan church to which 
he ever belonged. Possessing many virtues he 
lived to a ripe old age, accomplishing nearly 
ninety-three years of life. Mary Higginson, 
wife of Robert C. Mellor, was born in the city 
of St. Helens, Lancashire, and bore her husband 
six children, William H. being the eldest. She 
was the daughter of William Higginson. a pros- 
perous dealer in books, stationery and gro- 
ceries, and died in 1862, honored and respected 
by all. William H. Mellor received his early ed- 
ucational training in Paradise Academy, Black- 
burn. Lancashire, England, and when a youth 
accepted a clerkship in the office of an attorney 
in his native town. Later he was similarly em- 
ployed in the office of the Blackburn Cotton Man- 
ufacturing Co., where he continued until his 
twenty-fourth year, meanwhile remaining under 
the parental roof. In 1856 he came to the 
United States landing on November i in the 
city of New York, where he worked in a gro- 
cery house until April. 1857. when he gave up 
his position to learn the trade of boilermaking. 
Entering a shop in Paterson, X. J., he devoted 
his energies unreservedly to the end in view, and 
became a skillful workman. Some vears later 

he left Paterson and went to Kewanee, 111., 
where he found employment in a sash-and-door 
factory, but after a short time engaged in coal 
mining. After remaining in Kewanee until 1862 
lu changed his abode to Macon county, Mo., in 
the same year returning to Illinois to resume 
work in the mines for the winter, .thereafter re- 
visiting his friends in Missouri, thence in 1864 
making a trip to his native country, where he 
remained until the spring of 1865. After revis- 
iting the scenes of his youth and renewing old 
acquaintances, he came back to the LTnited States, 
landing in New York two days after the asssas- 
sination of President Lincoln. During the en- 
suing three years he lived in Macon, Mo., then 
locating at Point of Rocks, as an employe of the 
Wyoming Coal and Mining Co.. and was in 
charge of the company's store at the above place 
until January, 1870, when he came to the site 
of Rock Springs and erected the first building 
in what is now one of the most thriving and pros- 
perous of Wyoming's mining cities. The Wyo- 
ming Coal and Mining Co. having large interests 
here, the management opened a general store 
' and supply house of which Mr. Mellor took 
charge, in addition to the superiritendency of the 
recently opened mines. He soon was compelled 
to devote his entire time and attention to tin- 
mining interests, which grew in magnitude and 
importance with each occurring year. Mean- 
while the town grew apace and the influx of 
population became such that the term city could 
be very appropriately applied, and it is now one 
of the leading mining centers of the state, and 
one of the most beautiful and thriving, as well 
as romantically situated cities to be found in all 
of the Rocky Mountain region. Mr. Mellor was 
the superintendent for fifteen years, during which 
time he did more than any other man in this 
section to develop the rich mineral resources of 
the county. He ably and successfully managed 
the mines of the company, and demonstrated 
abilities which placed him among the leading 
mining experts of the West. Resigning the su- 
perintendency in 1886 he went into a lucrative 
cattle business until 1894, when he retired from 
active life. On June 21, 1857, in New York City, 



Mr. Mellor and Miss Elizabeth Scott were joined 
in holy wedlock. Mrs. Mellor is a native of 
Cumberland county, England, the daughter 
of George and Mary (Hall) Scott, the father 
for many years being the head of a large shoe 
business. Six children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Mellor, Frederick, who died in Jan- 
uary, 1862, aged two years ; Ann E. ; Edward ; 
Charles ; Ltila ; Elizabeth. Mr. Mellor is a stanch 
.supporter of the Republican party and has been 
elected to official positions involving responsibil- 
ity -and trust. In 1896 he was made justice of 
the peace and three years later the office of as- 
sessor was thrust upon him by his fellow citizens. 
He discharged the duties of both position* in an 
able and satisfactory manner, proving him- 
self worthy of the confidence with which 
he was honored. In 1900 he was also made 
an active member of the board of U. S. cen- 
sus-takers, and then won the praise of those 
under whom he acted. Fraternally he holds 
membership with the Pythian Lodge of Rock 
Springs and has labored earnestly and con- 
scientii insly for its upbuilding. Xo one \\h<> 
knows Mr. Mellor will question his unsullied in- 
tegrity, his devotion to principle or his loyally 
to the interest of his fellow men. As a citizen 
he has performed a good part and to-day en- 
tlii' well-earned fruits of many years of 
honorable efforts in various lines of activity. He 
lias seen grow up around his first humble dom- 
ii iK amid the mountain fastness a city of no mean 
proportions, with every interest of which he has 
been idi-miiied. To the growth and development 
of this thriving city he has contributed with a 
Eree hand and clear brain, and much of its pres- 
ent prosperity is directly attributable to his pains- 
taking efforts. All who come within the range 
of his influence speak in the highest terms of 
his many estimable traits of character, being al- 
ways foremost in advocating moral reforms anu 
public improvements, making all persona! ami 
private interests -nb"nlinate to the public 
In a very important sense h<- is the father of 
Rock Springs, as well as one of its most uovtln 
citizens. No pet-son in the state -tands hii 
in the esteem i if tin- pi < .pie. 


A somewhat unusual circumstance in the 
nativity of an American citizen occurred at the 
birth of Stephen A. Mills, the well-known mer- 
chant of Diamondville, Wyoming, who, al- 
though of American parentage, was born in 
the city of Paris, France, on December 17, 
1859, a son of Stephen T. and Mary (Gamier) 
Mills, the latter being a member of one of the 
most prominent families of that gay capital. 
YYickham Mills, the paternal grandfather of 
Stephen A. Mills, was a conspicuous citizen of 
New York and in an early day he was identified 
with the steamboat navigation of the Hudson 
Kiver in conjunction with Commodore Cor- 
nelius Yanderbilt, the founder of the great 
Yanderbilt railroad system. YYickham Mills, a 
native of New York, was a descendant of the 
renowned Hudson family of Colonial days, 
which descended from Hendrick Hudson, the 
famous discoverer of the Hudson River. Many 
members of this family were conspicuous patri- 
ots of the war For \merican independence. The 
\Yickham Mills above alluded to was accidcntly 
killed on a steamboat of which Commodore 
Yanderbilt wa> the pilot, his remains being in- 
terred on Staten Island. Stephen T. Mills, the 
father of Stephen A. Mills, was a native of 
Staten Island, X. V., and as an inventor was 
associated with the renowned Goodyear in his 
successful experiments in connection with rub- 
ber and being also i|uite noted as a public man. 
ially as an I'. S. consul in France, where 
he was living when his son. Stephen Y Mills. 
was born. In i8>i he returned to the 1 nited 
Slates, and from that time was in rapidly fail- 
ing health until his death in 18(14 at lh< 
of thirty-six years, his remains also being in- 
. lerred on Slaten I -land. Mrs. Mary A. (Gar- 
nierl Mills survives her husband, resides in 
\e\\ York and enjovs an enviable reput.r 
being dearly beloved by her children and by 
all her acquaintances. She is the moth, 
three surviving and two deceased children, all 
of whom were reared in the faith of th. 
pal church. Stephen A. Mills, the eldest of 



these children, was educated in the public 
schools of New York, began business life as 
a machinist and at the age of nineteen years 
he had traveled nearly all over the United States 
and Canada, later passing two years iri Omaha, 
Neb., and coming to Wyoming in 1898. Pre- 
viously, however he had lived in Bear Lake 
county, Idaho, where he held several public of- 
fices and enjoyed the confidence of his consti- 
tuents, whom he served as an assessor and col- 
lector, etc., for four years, having been a busi- 
ness man and merchant since 1878, in 1880 be- 
coming a farmer and entering 320 acres of land 
close to Cokeville, Wyo., which he still owns. 
Mr. Mills is a Democrat in politics and in 1890 
was nominated by his party as its candidate for 
state senator but was defeated by a trifling ma- 
jority. In Masonic circles he is known as a 
Knight Templar, a Scottish Rite Mason and a 
noble of the Mystic Shrine. He also holds fra- 
ternal relations with the Knights of Pythias at 
Montpelier, Idaho. Mr. Mills has been engaged 
in conducting a general store in Diamondville for 
years and has won an enviable reputation as an 
upright and honorable merchant. His happy mar- 
riage was celebrated in Evanston, Wyo., on 
December 15, 1878, when Miss Annie Bisbing 
became his wife. She is a daughter of Emanuel 
S. and Mary E. (Wackerly) Bisbing, natives of 
Philadelphia, Pa., and of Colonial stock who 
came to Evanston when the Wyoming territory 
was first settled. They have one child, Stephen 
Claude, who is studying electricity at a col- 
lege in' California. 


The attraction of ranch life in Wyoming 
over professional pursuits has a striking illus- 
tration in Dr. Charles A. Morrison, now one 
of the successful stockmen of Wheatland. Edu- 
cated as a physician and engaging in medical 
practice for several years with a success that 
gave promise of a brilliant future, he turned 
aside from a professional life for the freer ex- 
istence offered to him in the fascinating busi- 
ness of ranching and stockgrowing. In these 

industries he has met with satisfactory success 
and is one of the most progressive and enter- 
prising of the younger business men of the 
state. A native of Morgan county, Ohio, he 
was born on September 5, 1865, a son of Alex- 
ander and Sarah (Brokaw) Morrison, the for- 
mer a native of Glasgow, Scotland, and the lat- 
ter of Pennsylvania. His father was an Ohio 
farmer, settling in Morgan county in the early 
sixties. In the latter days of his life his health 
became seriously impaired, and retiring from 
active business, he removed to Eastern Ten- 
nessee, hoping that the climate of that moun- 
tain region might be beneficial to him. In this 
however he was 'disappointed, and he died near 
Knoxville, Tenn., in 1878, and was buried in 
that city. His wife, the mother of Dr. Morri- 
son, survived her husband until February 26, 
1900, when she, too, passed from earth and 
awaits the resurrection at Mount Pleasant, 
Iowa. Dr. Charles H. Morrison passed his 
childhood in Ohio, receiving his early educa- 
tion in the schools of Morgan county. In 1878, 
after the death of his father, he made his home 
with an uncle, George Brokaw, who was a resi- 
dent of Iowa. In 1879 he went to reside with 
Dr. Scofield, at Washington, Iowa, and pursued 
the study of medicine and surgery under his di- 
rection for four years, in 1884 matriculating 
at the Iowa State Medical College of Iowa City 
and studying there for one year. In 1885, desir- 
ing to put to practical use the medical education 
and training he had received, he accepted a po- 
sition in the Iowa State Hospital, located at 
Mount Pleasant, and was one of the attending 
physicians of that institution for three years, 
when he resigned his position to accept a more 
advantageous one in the Nebraska State Hospi- 
tal, at Lincoln. He remained at that institu- 
tion for two years, meeting with marked suc- 
cess in his professional duties. In August, 
1890, he became connected with the Wyoming 
State Hospital, at Evanston. Here for about 
two and one-half years he filled the position of 
steward, making a highly creditable record. In 
the spring of 1893 he returned to Lincoln, 
Neb., and again became a member of the 



medical staff of the state hospital, continuing 
to be connected therewith for about three years, 
discharging the duties of general night super- 
visor during the greater portion of that time. 
In the spring of 1896 he resigned this position, 
and going to the city of Chicago, he entered as 
a student at the Independent Medical College, 
remaining there until the spring of iSijX. when, 
after his graduation from that creditable school, 
In returned to Wyoming and established him- 
self as a physician and surgeon at Wheatland, 
there following his profession for about two 
years with marked success. He soon became 
interested in the livestock business, and became 
the owner of a fine ranch on the Laramie River, 
the same property he now occupies, and en- 
gaged in raising cattle and horses. This ven- 
ture proved a very remunerative one and the 
independent nature of the occupation became 
so attractive as to induce the Doctor to prac- 
tieallv retire from his profession and give his 
time -and attention to the management of his 
ranch and stock interests. On May _>4. 1900, 
Dr. .Morris, in wedded Miss Mary E. Nolan, a 

e nl' Xorth Dakota and the daughter of 
James and Mary E. (Openshaw) Xolan, the for- 
nier a native of Ireland, and the latter of Eng- 
land. They emigrated from Great Britain to 
isvlvania many years ago, and fnnn that 
state removed to the then territory of Dakota 
in 1^7-). remaining there until tSX_>. when they 

fed lo the frontier territory of \V\oming. 
where they established a home at their pr< 

K i i in i\a\\ hide ( !r< ek, aln >nt t\\ el\ e mile-, 

fmm the Matte River, where they have since 

fully engaged in st ickraising. I >r. 

.Morrison is at'tiliated with the order of \\ linen 

of the "World, being a member of the lodge at 
\\hiatlanil, and he takes an active inter, 
all matters connected with the worthy and char- 
itabli work of that order. The genial doctor 

ilitied with the Republican political party, 

i- earnest and loval in his support of the 
ciples and candidates of ihat organization, 
bin he neither seeks nor desires political prefer- 
ment, his time and attention being taken up 
with the management of his business affairs. 

He is one of the rising men of his sta: 
rapidly building up a fortune and enjoys the 
regard and esteem of all who have been as- 
sociated with him, either in professional or 
business relations. 


Among the prominent men of Sweetwaler 
count}' whose achievements have done much to 
bring this part of the state to the front, the name 
of Judge Jndd Mott is worthy of notice. The 
of some men shine as grand examples of 
prosperity and success achieved through various 
channels of industry; others rise to prominence 
by reason of research in the realms of science : 
while many find in the domain of politics and 
official position the sure and certain pathway to 
success. In reviewing the life of Judge Mott it 
seems peculiarly appropriate to number him with 
the latter class, for his career since locating in 
the West has been an -active one, yet he is not 
a man who seeks to blazon his deeds for personal 
gratifications or from motives of ambition to per- 
form some act that would mark him as a central 
figure. ( >n the contrary he has devoted his time 
and talents largely to the puhlv good, and Si 
to lose si: : elf in his efforts to promote the 

general welfare of the city and county of which 
he is an honored resident. He is a splendid ex- 
ample of Xew England manhood. Horn and 
reared in the grand old Green .Mountain state 
he grc\\ to malnritv under the fostering care 
of sturdy God-fearing parents, and appears to 
have inherited many o terling nnalitics of 

In ad and heart for which the people of thai 
tion of New England have Ion-, been n 
E.dward Molt, the father of the Judge, was born 
in Vermont in iS^S and became a man of p 
inence in his state. Me was a leading politician 
and represented Grand tsle countj two terms in 
the gem i'i\ of the siate. 1 le was also 

sheriff of (he county and continued a forceful 

or in local and state affairs until IS,".?, when 
he moved to Missouri when- he now lives, 
occupation lie is a farmer and as such ; 
i|iiired an ample i 'ice. In his youth he 



enjoyed exceptional educational advantages, and 
rly and erudite. He possesses vig- 
orous mentality and extensive culture, being 
equally conversant with the English. French and 
German languages. A natural leader of men 
he has made his presence felt among all classes 
and conditions of people with whom he has 
mingled. Judge Mott's paternal grandfather was 
Joseph Mott, a native of Vermont and the son 
of a German emigrant, who came to the United 
States in an early day and purchased a large 
tract of land on the shore of Lake Champlain. 
Joseph Mott became one of the wealthy farmers 
of that part of the state, and one of its leading 
men of affairs. He was an active Whig pol- 
itician, and always took a lively interest in po- 
litical and public questions. Mrs. Mary (But- 
ler) Mott, the wife of Edward Mott and mother 
of the Judge, was also a native of Vermont, born 
in 1841, a daughter of Doctor Butler, a most 
distinguished physician who skillfully prac- 
ticed his profession for many years in the town 
of Bedford. The Doctor's family consisted of 
two daughters and eleven sons, and it is a mat- 
ter worthy of note that the latter all grew to 
manhood and became noted lawyers, a fact per- 
haps unparalleled in the history of this country. 
Mrs. Mott is a lady of education and culture, 
and before her marriage was a successful and 
popular teacher in her native state. She is a de- 
voted member of the Episcopal church, her hus- 
band being a Catholic. Judge Mott was born 
in 1863, and attained manhood on his father's 
farm, with the rugged duties of which he early 
became familiar. When about ten years old he 
accompanied his parents to northern Missouri, 
and after completing the common school course 
entered the State Normal School at Kirksville, 
where he prosecuted the higher branches of 
learning for several years, receiving an excellent 
education. Leaving school he went to Logan 
county, Colo., and engaged in sheepraising, which 
he continued until 1890 when he disposed of his 
stock and came to Wyoming, locating at Chey- 
enne. Three years later he went to Laramie 
for one year, then changed his abode to Rock 
Springs, with the interests of which place he 

has since been identified. In '1898 Mr. Mott 
was elected to the office of police judge, a po 
sition he has filled to the present time, discharg- 
ing its duties in an able manner, creditable to 
himself and satisfactory to the people. In pol- 
itics he indorses the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party and to a consider,]])!, extent has been 
one of its leaders in Sweetwater county. He 
now gives his time exclusively to his office, and 
in meting out justice to offenders he has been 
impartial, but fearless, proving a judicious con- 
servator of good order and a power for good in 
holding in check the lawless element. Fidelity- 
is one of his chief characteristics, manifested in 
his devotion to family and friends and in the 
faithful discharge of every known duty, and this 
has won for him the warm regard and high es- 
teem of his fellowmen. Mr. Mott was united 
in marriage on November 23, 1898, with Miss 
Mary Bellew, of Louisiana, a daughter of James 
Bellew, a native of West Virginia. 


Having just reached the noon of life, with 
all his faculties in full vigor, his hopes still 
aspiring, his worldly state well established and 
his place in the regard and confidence of his 
fellowmen secure, Charles A. Mover of Crook 
county, not far from Gillette, may confidently 
look forward to many years of usefulness and 
prosperity in the state of his adoption, in which 
he has passed a third of his useful life. His 
native heath is Mercer county, Pa., where he 
was born on September 3, 1852, and where his 
parents, Levi and Elvina (Diefenderfer) Moyer, 
lived and prospered, as farmers do in that fa- 
vored section, grew old and died in the fullness 
of years, the mother in 1897 and the father in 
1901. Charles A. Moyer was educated in the 
schools of his native county and remained at 
home until he was twenty-one years of age, 
giving a portion of his spare time to the dili- 
gent study of telegraphy, and afterwards prac- 
ticed the art in Pennsylvania for two or three 
years, in 1876 going to Long Island where he 
was a telegraphic operator for a railroad com- 


pam until 1871) when he secured a similar 
tion mi mil- of the elevated roads in New iforli 
city, ami remaining in this employment until iSS.| 
then resigning his position on account oi ill 
health ami making a visit to his parents at hi> 
'Id home. The next summer he yielded to a 
longing fi >r the free and o] u-n life of the western 
]ilains anil came tip W\oming, settling in Crook 
comity, where hr took tip land seven miles 
northeast of Cillette and started an industry in 
raising horses which he eondncted until 1900, 
changing then from horses to cattle and he 
has .since continued in that line. Tlis ranch 
consists <>f Six) acres of good land, eligibly lo- 
cated at the head of Little Powder River, which 
has its rise on his land. He has also a large 
hody of leased land, and is provided with good 
buildings and other appurtenances for his husi 
ness. His herd is large and of superior qual- 
ity, his business methods art' practical, pro- 
ssive and satisfactory, and his name is a 
household word throughout his portion of the 
state. ( in 1 >ecembcr 5, n;no, he was united in 
marriage at ( iillette, \Yyo., with Miss Luella 
Hadley, a native of Tipton county, Indiana. 
They have one child, named Leslie F. Mr. 
Mover is a Democrat in political faith and while 
a firm believer in the principles and policies of 
his parly and deeply interested in its success, 
he is not partisan where the welfare of the com- 
munity is at stake and never gives up to party 
the energies \\hicli were meant for I lie general 
weal and the <^ood of humanity. 


< me of the progressive and successful busi- 
ness men of the younger generation of Wyo 
ming is Samuel l\. N'eel. of Kncampnn -nt . Car 
bon county, who is a native of Helena. Mon- 
tana, where he was born on December _>o, IS;-). 
the son of ( 'ol. Samuel and Lavina il'.akeri 
X'eel, both natives of Virginia. His paternal 
grandfather was also a native of Virginia. 
whither his ancestors came in early Colonial 
days, and In pre a prominent part in llie 
events of the histon of the Cnited St. -it. 5. I'he 

father of Mr. Xeel came from his native state 
to \b mtana during ilu- frontier da\ s of thi 

iry, and \\.as one of its earliest pioneers. 

He was engaged in the wholesale and retail 
grocery trade in Helena during the placer miii- 
in- days of Last Chance < iulch (when M 
now stands), and was associated with Hon. 
John T. Murphy, as Murphy, Xeel \- Co. This 
was tlu- pioneer grocery firm of Helena, and 
carried on an extensive business for many 
years throughout the entire territory of Mon- 
tana. Mr. Murphy is still a resident of ll< 
bcinv; one of the leading cattle men, bankers 
and capitalists of Montana. Mr. Xeel as the 
active manager of the business became well 
iwn as one of the most successful and able 
young business men of the western country, 
anil built up the largest mercantile busin, 
the Kocky Mountain region. His untimely 
death at the earh age of thirtx six years was 
a severe loss not only to Helena, but to the 
territory, and he \\.as deeply mourned b\ a 
\\ide circle of friends and business associates. 
He left a family of rive children and after his 
death die family removed to Oakland. Calif., 
where the subject of this sketch received his 
elementary education. After his graduation 
from the high school at Oakland, the family 
visited the World's Columbian Exposition at 
Chicago, in 1893, and while in that city he was 
offered a position in the Merchants' X'ational 
Hank, one of the leading and most conservative 
banking institutions of i 'hica^o \\here. be- 
ginning as a messenger, Ins advancement \\as 
rapid and steady, until at the a^c of twenty 
J'CarS he occupied the responsible position of 
receiving teller, lie continued with this bank 
until |S<)S. when hi- was made ilu cashier of 
the stock and bond lions,- of I 'ha pin \ Ca\ lord, 
one of the leading houses m that line in the 
west, with whom he remained for two \, 
lie was then offered and accepted the position 
of cashiei of the nc-\\ Copper State Hank, at 
Kncampmcnt. Wyoming. He superintended the 
opening of this institution an. I has had full 
Charge o) its management since that time and 
under his direction the business has mci. 



rapidly, and i> steadily gaining from month 
to month, having grown to such an extent that 
the directors are constructing a new brick bank 
building for the better accommodation of the 
patrons of the institution, which is the leading 
banking house of that section of the state. On 
April 24, 1901, -Mr. Xeel was united in marriage 
with Miss Fannie S. Stubbs, a native of Balti- 
more, and the daughter of S. S. Stubbs, a 
large commission merchant of that city. Their 
home in Encampment is the center of a gra- 
cious and refined hospitality and they are 
prominent in the social life of the community. 
Fraternally Mr. Neel is affiliated with the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and takes active 
interest in all work of charity and fraternity. 
He is a pioneer of this part of Wyoming, and 
has done his full share in developing its re- 
sources and building up its industries. He has 
been the means of attracting the attention of 
capitalists to the great possibilities of Carbon 
county, and foremost in all matters calculated 
to build up the city of his residence and the 
state of his adoption and is destined to become 
a prominent factor in the future business and 
public life of this section of the state. 


The true western spirit of progress is exem- 
plified in the career of Robert Neilson, who since 
1889 has been actively identified with the live- 
stock interests of Wyoming. He is a younger 
brother of Andrew Neilson, whose biography 
appears elsewhere in these pages, and a son of 
Andrew and Elizabeth (Grant) Neilson, who, 
like himself, was born in Scotland. For a num- 
ber of years Andrew Neilson, Sr., ran a station- 
ary engine in his native country, but in 1879 
brought his family to the United States, settling 
in Pittston. Pa., where he was engineer for a 
manufacturing establishment for about ten years, 
thence coming to Wyoming, where he has since 
lived, has present residence being on Sybylle 
Creek in Laramie county. Robert Neilson was 
born in Lanarkshire. Scotland, on July n, 1869, 
and at the early age of ten years accompanied 

his parents to America, lie was reared and ed- 
ucated at Pittston, Pa., and in his sixteenth year 
entered upon an apprenticeship to learn cigar- 
making, which trade he followed at that place 
until 1889, in the fall of that year coming with 
his parents to Wyoming, whither his brother An- 
drew had preceded them, and soon after his ar- 
rival the two became associated in the livestock 
industry on Sybylle Creek, where the latter was 
then and is now living. This partnership as- 
sociation continued until 1898 and was charac- 
terized by a series of continued successes, which 
in due time won for the brothers a conspicuous 
place among the leading cattleraisers of Lara- 
mie county. By mutual consent the business rc- 
. lationship was dissolved in 1898, Robert assum- 
ing family relations and removing to a ranch on 
Slate Creek, which he had taken up about three 
years previously. He at once began a series of 
improvements on the land, erecting a neat and 
comfortable residence and other necessary build- 
ings, and lived there four years. He then sold 
out and moved to the old "Three Link" ranch, 
located in Carbon count}-, which was formerly his 
wife's father's property, upon which she had 
passed her girlhood days. The ranch is large, 
and very valuable, and especially well adapted 
to Mr. Neilson's business, and occupies its place 
in Wyoming history as well, being an old stage 
and telegraph station, and a safe refuge from 
Indians in their hostile days of the early time. 
From 1898 to the present time his attention has 
been centered in his large and cumulative stock 
interests. He has built up a business of large 
proportions, especially in the raising of blooded 
stock in which he takes acknowledged precedence 
in this section of the state. For a still further 
improvement of his cattle Mr. Neilson recently 
purchased from the celebrated C. A. Stannard 
"Sunny Slope Stock Farm," near Emporia, Kan- 
sas, a fine lot of Herefords, among the number 
being a valuable bull, "Sunny Slope Tom 5th." 
sired by "Wild Tom," a noted animal that for a 
number of years easily won every prize for which 
he was entered. The fourteen cows which Mr. 
Neilson bought in this lot are superb specimens 
of the Hereford breed, and with other splendid 



animals in his herd represent a value "f main 
thousand il< 'liars. He proposes to devote his 
attention exclusively t blooded cattle, and thus 
benefit in >t only himself, but also be the means 
of introducing a much better grade "1 li\e si 

i lie ciiuntry than that now rai.-ed. Mr. Xeil 
-in is a -hrcwd and a far-seeing business man. 
enterp - having resulted in large financial 
returns, and he ranks to-day \vith the successful 
and well-to-do >t< ickraiscfs i if the State. lie is 
alsn a men >'i strong mentality, a great reader. 
a vocalist of considerable talent and a studem oi 
nianv subjects. . His acquaintanceship with the 
\\orld's best literature is In ah general and 
t. nsive, and he finds his must agreeable and 
profitable recreati'in in the company of the choid 
books with which his library is plentifull) -n|i 
plied. Like the majority of western men he has 
'leas and stands for enterprise and 
advancement in all the terms imply. l'iroad and 

d in his views, and having ni ' use for what 

is narrow in selfish in humanity, he i- a worthy 

.itve of the sturdy nationality to which 

lu belongs, and his iullueiice has done much to 

lOte the intellectual, moral and busine-- 
terests of the community in which he lives. Mr. 
Ncilson was married on Sybylle Creek, Laramie 
county, on September i _. iSoS. with Miss Nina 
. of Nebraska, her father being a native 
of Maine and the mother of Virginia. Mr. Dix- 
on was a popular teacher for a number of vcars 
in .Nebraska in \\hich state he settled ab 
and later he engaged in the gl 
Denver. Colo., and after residing in that city for 
ears moved to Carbon county, Wyo., where 
In folloued cattleraising until hi- death 01 
\ugust 8, 1894; his widow i- now residing in 

(In- city of 1 The 1 

Mr. and Mrs. Neilson has In en brightened hv 
tin pi of three inti rest ing children, whose 

es are \. Krnesi. \nn.i I . ,md Nina. Mr. 
Neil-mi's political affiliations are \\ith the l\e- 
|inblican party, but in no seine is In- a partisan 
aspirant for official honor-. lie keeps himself 
well informed upon the great <|iic-tii >n.s and i 
before the people, cspecialh those bearing on 
and national legislation, and is in close 

touch with the trend of modern thought reli 

in other subjects of inl the reading public. 


The gentleman whose name initiates this 
i p rep entative of the intelli- 
gent, industrious and enterprising ( ierman ele- 
that h. bi such a forcible factor in 
\merican industrial, commercial and pp. 
sional life. Mr. Netiber was born in ( iermany 
on January iS. iS^S. the seventh in a family of 
en children who-'- parents were Frederick 
and I'.ertha i Siebent ritt i Nenber. The father. 
a native of Prussia, was a skillful mechanic and 
during the greater part of his life was engaged 
in the mauufaeimv < if waj 

the city o lien He was a fine workman, 

prospered in his business, and was noted for 
his equable temper and kindness of disposition, 
dying in iNoS a; of fifty years, being 

survived by his wife, who died about 
August F. Nenber was educated in the public 
schools of his native country and when a \oung 
mail took up commercial ot'tice work which he 
continued for three years, coming to the United 
Slat. , and locating near Junction ' 

Kan., wheia- during the ensuing four or five 
\ears he worl farm, meanwhile attend- 

ing school in the lie made substantial 

progress in his especially in those 

bram hi s i Inch he o uild S life 

and about iSS^ - ep in a . 

mercial hotise in ' v. coiitinuin. 

a salesman for ' . then : a his 

tion and \\ith others nu-r- 

ile business at Nevada W r tlie 

firm name of r.idmp. Neuber \ Co. i 
nership lasted thi -. when Mr. Nenber 

disposed of 1 and came i,, \ 

ailstoii \\here he ei:l 

the i-mploy "imercial ' 

as salesman. lie \\as soon |iroino|ed to be 
manager of 'In- business and continued in 
capacity until about I Si U when he severed his 

Ons \\ilh the firm and came 
Springs as a member of the compam and the 



manager of tin- I '.reman & Neither Mercantile 
( o. l-'rom that time Mr. Xcuber h;r- nipidh 
built up a fine trade, increasing the stock in 
proportion to the demands of the public and 
by carefully consulting the wishes and tastes 
of his customers has become one of the most 
lar, as well as one of the most successful 
merchants in the city. He keeps in close touch 
with all matters relating to commercial life, 
gives personal attention to all details of the 
firm and as a business man has few equals. 
Financially his success has been most encour- 
aging and to-day he holds distinct prestige 
among the well-to-do men and substantial citizens 
of his part of the state. Mr. Neuber is a self- 
made man in the true sen-se of the term. He 
came to this country with no capital, and his 
present high standing is the result of his own 
well directed endeavors, successful management 
and wisely planned business policy. He has 
accumulated an ample competence and is well 
situated to enjoy the fruits of his many years 
of honorable endeavor. 


The Northwest of the United States al- 
though a child in years is a giant in strength, 
even if as yet scarcely scratched with the hoe 
of systematic cultivation she has rilled the 
mightiest granaries of earth with her golden 
harvests in every line of production. And yet, 
despite her youth, a generation of men has 
been born and reared on her soil who are in 
every sense her own product. One of these 
is Ivlwin Newcomer of near Kearney in Sheri- 
dan county, a prominent and enterprising ranch- 
man and stock-grower, who was born in Colo- 
rado on October 2, 1877, the son of Frederick 
and Mary Newcomer, natives of Maryland who 
came west years ago and to Sheridan county 
when their son Edwin was six years old. From 
1883 he has been a resident of the county, in 
its public schools he received his education, 
from its institutions he learned the lessons of 
exemplary citizenship, and among its people he 
has worked for and won the public esteem 

which is the desired meed of thrift, diligence 
:md uprightness everywhere. When he was 
read) fr the duties of life he purchased the 
farm on which he has since resided and has 
since conducted it with gratifying success and 
cumulative profits. It is a thoroughly improved 
estate of 160 acres, with good buildings and 
fences, under a high state of cultivation and 
being valley land is especially adapted to the 
stock industry which Mr. Newcomer carries on 
in a flourishing manner, having a fine .herd of 
healthy, vigorous and well-kept cattle, rapidly 
increasing in numbers and rising in standard. 
On March 4, 1900, Mr. Newcomer was married 
at Sheridan with Miss Eva Riggle, a native of 
Iowa and a daughter of one of the pioneers of 
Taylor county in that state and there after a 
li>ng career of usefulness he died. Her mother 
is now living in Idaho. Mrs. Newcomer is 
therefore no stranger to frontier life, but has 
experienced its wild pleasures, suffered its hard- 
ships and dared its dangers. They have one 
child, their daughter Irene. Mr. Newcomer's 
parents are living at Sheridan and of them 
more specific mention is made on another page 
of this work, tracing their course from the val- 
ley of the Potomac in the far-away Maryland 
home of their childhood to their active useful- 
ness in this part of the country, whither they 
came as pioneers early in their married life. 


The gentleman to whose useful career the 
reader's attention is herewith directed, is one of 
the accomplished and enterprising business men 
of Rock Springs, and by honorable and progress- 
ive methods he has contributed in no small de- 
gree to a commercial and professional advance- 
ment of the city. He has been very successful 
in the business enterprise with which he is now 
connected and, as a citizen with the best interests 
of the community at heart, is well worthy of 
mention in any biographical compendium of 
Wyoming's representative men. Robert Leslie 
Newman was born in Chambers county, Ala- 
bama, on November 18, 1873, the son of John L. 



\rahclla (Redman) Newman, both nati\cs 
i \labaina. The Newman family is among the 
old and aristocratic families of the Souih. the 
rom i' upland prior to the \\ ar 
of the Revolution, settling in the Carolinas. 
Ahoiit ijSo. represenl the famih . 

hat is now Chambers county, Ala., where 
tlk-ir di 3d ndants still reside. The parenl 
otir subject make their home in Columbus, Ga 

many \cars his father was a pros], 
Alabama planter and was also a soldier during 
the ('i\il War. The paternal and maternal 
grandfathers of Mr. Newman also served in the 
I'ivil \\'ar and gave their lives to the causi 
( oiifederacy. Roliert Leslie Xewnian passed his 
childhood and \otuh in his native county and 
State and received his literarv education in the 
pnhlic schools. Having decided to devote his 
h'l'e to pharmacy he ln-an preparing himself for 
the profession by entering the Alabama Pol) 
technic Institute at Auburn. Alabama, where he 
prosecuted his studies with great assiduity until 
i of the prescribed course, graduat- 

.vith an honorable record in iS<;7. I icing 

well prepared for practical work, he en- 

1 w nil i iollier i\- < '., the leading drug house 
of Tuscaloosa, Ala., with wdhch he remained lor 
eighteen months, then resigning his position to 
still further prosecute- his pharmaceutical studies 
With this laudable obect in view he entered the 
employ of the j. N. liegeman Drug Co., of New 
iforl < 'ity. the largc-st and mosl completi estab- 

icnt of the kind in the L'nited States, and 
during the enduing two years spared neither 

nor pains to familiarize himself with every 
di tail of pharmac) so as to b ter of 

the p ']. The ' ' tages Mr. Newman 

.d \\itli lli' above firm were inestimable. 
lie pursued hi- studies and researches under the 
direction of some of the ablest and most sdiol- 

ists of tli 

conniction with the house was the possessor o| 
a st., re of valuable scientific knowledge. < Mi 
leaving the liegeman Company Mr. Newman re- 
turned to ('ohimbiis, Ga., and for some months 
\\as the manager of one of the Thomas I Irng 
ti il that pla .miiig this position 

he went to I.eadville. Col da drug- 

hotise as clerk, but from his th- 
of the business. \\as soon made the rnanagi 
which capacity he continued until his purchase 
of tli ' 'ishmeiit a fe\\ months later. After 

.r passed as head of this house lu sold his 
n sts and took the road as salesman for E. il 
Spra^ue \ ( !o., after a year and a half rdin<|nish- 
the road coming to kock Springs as niana- 
g< r of the Irux'e dniL; Store which he subsei|iiently 
purchased and now owns. It is not to much to 
say for Mr. Neuman that he is the leading phar- 

city and one of its most elite' 
ing and progressive business men. lie has car- 
ried financial success into all his operations and 
hv close and diligent attention to his profession 
has succeeded in building up a large and lu- 
crative trade. Not many men in the same time 
have acconipli'-hed as much and none have sur- 
d him in fidelity to duty. Tie has always 
been actuated by a laudable ambition to excel 
in what he undertook and that he has suco 
is attested by the advancement he has made in 
Ins chosen calling anil the prominent position he 
lias attained in the business and social world. 
- a man of positive convictions, but withal 
amiable in demeanor and a most agreeable coin- 
on and courteous gentleman, llis private 
life and character are unassailable and his many 
i emplar) <|iialitie.s have made him popular with 
the people of his adopted cii\, amoii- whom he 
iVieiids. numerous and loyal. Fraternally 
identified \\ith the Masonic, the I'uhian. 
and the Klks fraternities of l\ock Springs and 

subscribes to the creed of the Methodist Epis 
copal church. In a i|iiitt and unostentatious way 
' sisis the various charitable and b. 
Ilizations in their labors to alle\iate the snf- 
gS of thi poor and unfortunate. Ib 

attainments and occasion- 

:dl\- contributes well written i to the 

leading pharmaceutical journals of the country. 
Ir l-'chrnar\. i<)>\^. the \V\omhiL: I 'harmaceiitical 
\ssociation was irrgani/cd at Ra\\lins. Mr. 
Nexvinan lieinv; one of tin- chief spirits in secur- 
ing its formation and he was elected as tin first 
fixation. In politics he is 

1 4 2 


a Blanch supporter oi the I )enioeTat parlv, but 
by mi means an active partisan, much less an 
aspirant fur public or official distinction. In ad- 
dition to his two drug- establishments in Rock 
Springs, he is interested in oil lands, having met 
with encouraging returns from the latter enter- 


With a creditable military record on the 
L'ninn side in the Civil War, a successful busi- 
ness career since that great contest closed, 
years of excellent service to his fellowmen in 
official stations of prominence and responsibil- 
ity, influence and activity in the councils of his 
church, having a social position among the 
leading elements of the community, and high 
standing in the affairs of his political party, 
Melvin Xichols has exhibited in a marked and 
gratifying degree the readiness of the Ameri- 
can citizen for every public and 'private duty, 
his unswerving devotion to the welfare of his 
country and the manly qualities which dis- 
tinguish him in every relation of life. His an- 
cestry runs back in unbroken lines on both sides 
of his house through a long succession of mili- 
tary heroes and civil potentates in New Eng- 
land, the first of his father's family to be known 
in the annals of the section being Solomon 
Xichols. who came with his parents from Scot- 
land to Vermont in very early Colonial days. 
In Vermont the family grew and flourished, 
bearing its share of the burdens of citizenship, 
demonstrating its loyalty to the institutions of 
our country in every war and in every peaceful 
forum, following the fortunes of our great com- 
mander in the Revolution with distinguished 
bravery and endurance, and aiding in essential 
ways in establishing the infant republic on a 
firm and fruitful foundation. His parents were 
John Xichols of Burlington, Vt., ami Mary 
(Chase) Xichols of Worcester, Mass., the 
mother being also the descendant of Revolu- 
tionary sires and a member of a family whose 
record runs like a thread of gold through the 
history of 'New England. Both the Chase and 

the Xichols representatives were farmers for 
generations; and in 1^7 John and Mary 
(Chase) Xichols gathered their household 
good> about iheiu and sought new domestic 
altars in what was then the far West, local inn- 
three miles west of the site of the present Au- 
rora, 111., where they preempted land and be- 
gan its cultivation ; and there, on November 9, 
1844, their son Melvin was born, the seventh 
of eleven children. He received a limited edu- 
cation in the primitive schools and then attended 
Clark Seminary at Aurora until March 12, 1862, 
when he enlisted in Co. H, Sixty-fifth Illinois 
Infantry under Colonel Cameron. The com- 
mand was soon ordered to Harper's Ferry, and 
from that time was in active service in the re- 
gion of the Potomac until its capture in Septem- 
ber. After his parole and a few months' rest 
at home Mr. X'ichols rejoined his comrades in 
the field in Kentucky, where they had lively 
times in pursuit of the great Confederate raider 
Morgan. They were then transferred to Burn- 
side's command and engaged in the siege of 
Knoxville during the winter, and in the spring 
of iS(->4, his term of service having expired, Mr. 
Nichols reenlisted, joining Sherman in his At- 
lanta campaign and subsequent proceedings, 
aiding in the interception and destruction of 
Hood's army in the two days' terrible fighting 
at Columbia, Franklin and Nashville. Follow- 
ing the remnant of Hood's army as far as 
Clifton, Tenn., they there took boats to Cincin- 
nati and from there were transferred to Fort 
Fisher, X T . C. and on February 22, 1865, took 
part in the capture of Wilmington. They then 
fought their way through a determined resist- 
ance to join Sherman at Goldsborough, were 
present at the surrender of Johnston near Ra- 
leigh a little later, and the regiment was mus- 
tered out at Greensborough, X. C., on July 26, 
1865. After the war Mr. Xichols began the 
study of medicine, reading with one of his two 
brothers, who were physicians, one of whom, 
with two other brothers, also served in the 
Civil War, but after two years of study he aban- 
doned medicine for the law, which he found 
more congenial to his taste, and under the care- 



ful direction of J. ECoder .if Iowa he 
fully prepared himself fur practice and IK- was 
ndmitt i-d to the liar in 1877 at Monroe in that 
state. Soon after IK- removed to Audnbon. 
[owa, and there practiced law fur ten years, 
meanwhile serving two \ears as ma\or i if M.UI 
roe, [owa, and for a term or lw.> as ci!>- clerk 
df dtlu-r towns, always taking an active part in 
politic- and Wai public affairs. In January. 1887. 
he settled at Douglas, \\'yo., where he re- 
mained until August. 1889, then took up his 
residence in Crook county and there his prog- 
res'- in professional, social and political lines 
has been rapid, .steady and substantial. Begin- 
ning in iSijo he served two terms as prosecuting 
attorney, in t8.jii h<- was elected to the lower 
Imuse df the legislature and in moo was chosen 
state senator for his county, lie is an ardent 
Republican and a hard worker in his party's in- 
5t. Hi- has also been connected for years 
with the Ineal -chool government and has 
shown xeal and fidelity in the useful work of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. On October 7, 
he was married with Miss Almeda R. 
Cooper, a daughter of William and Mary 
Cooper of Cleveland, Ohio. They have four 
children. Horace \V., manager of the M. W. 
ranch of Weston county, Wyo. ; \Ivin M., man- 
ager and principal owner of the Nichols Supply 
Co. of Newcastle; Eva E., now Mrs. Eichelber- 
ger of Boise. Idaho; P.ertha I-"... now Mrs. Lytle 
of Sundance, Wyo. Mr. Xicliols is a Thirty- 
second degree l ; r. v> i i.ason . and a iiolile of the 
Mystic Shrine. Mr ha- held high offices in the 
various branches of the order and is at pr.--ent 
woi-shipfnl master of hi- lodge and king of his 
Ro al Arch Chapter. 

l-l: \XK L XITIART. 

i >n a wi-11-improveil and highly ciiltivai' - 1 
farm es in the mid-t of that ("lo-hen 

of \merica. Canyon Springs 1'rairie. twcntv 

he; I of Xev ' 

ity. Frank I.. Niluirt :nd .-arri 

his farming cale and 

mingles with ih-'in a pn ifitabl itocl rai 

lie was born in < )wen county. Indiana, on May 
4, 181.7. a son of Amos and Malinda i Johnson I 
Xihart. prosperous farmers in the Hoosier state 
\vlu-re most of their lives were passed. !! 
mained at home until he \\a- ten years old. at- 
tending school as he had opportunity ami being 
employed at work on farms near his home and 
in the adjoining county of Clay until he was 
evei . \t that time he went over into 
fiercer county. 111., and there continued farm 
work for two years, in iSSn coming west to 
( 'olorado and being employed on the construc- 
tion of the Rock Island Railroad through that 
slate and afterwards working on the I'nion Pa- 
cific in Kansas. In the autumn of 1888 he re- 
moved to Nebraska and purchasing a threshing 
outfit was kept bus-- threshing grain for the 
farmers in that state, mostly in Buffalo county. 
He remained there until the fall of [890, when 
to ' 'nmhria, Wyo.. and after working 
in the mines until 180,3 he took up his present 
ranch on Canyon Springs I'rairie. and has 
resided th. re < ngaged in farming and stockrais- 
conducting a much appre.- ; , ^ive- 

nience to the neighborhood in the form 
sawmill, which turns out large quantities of 
lumber eight miles south of the ranch. Mr. 
Xihart's farming operations are conducted with 
skill and enterprise, and are rewarded 
of unusual volume and high quality. At this 
writing I looj') he ha- th. fii ''-ing and 

most promising (1,-ld ,,f wheat on the p'- 
ITis stock-raising also, although onl\ 
dary consideration with him. is governed by 
true business principles and no r< out- 

lay is withheld that seems n.-cessarv to secure 
the best re nit-, while the sawmill is an up-to- 

lipment, run with every con 
for i be welfare of its patrons as well as the 

i it- owner. ( ~>n June 2~. iSoi. Mr. Xi- 
hart was united in marriage with Miss Minnie 

all. a native of Xebi 

William I >e\":dl. The marriage was solemi 
at NI ' child. 1 lallie Xi- 

hart. In politics Mr. Xihart affiliates with the 
locralic part-.- and while active in it- 

rirm in his faith in its principles he 



seeks neither its honors nor its emoluments, 
being content with his private estate in life and 
fully occupied with its duties. 


The story of the bravery and sufferings of 
the gallant soldiers who on tented field and plain 
and under tropical suns have fought nobly in the 
cause of the country and the perpetuity of the 
republic cannot be told too often. It is a duty 
that we owe to coming generations to trans- 
mit to them something of the personality of 
those who often placed their lives in peril that the 
blessings of peace might descend unto them. 
Among the brave defenders of his country's 
honor no one in Converse county is more entitled 
to representation in a work of this character than 
is the worthy Captain O'Brien, who, after years 
of danger, privation, and gallant army service is 
passing his declining years on his pleasant and 
beautifully located ranch on the La Prele Creek, 
which is eight miles west of Douglas, Wyo. Capt. 
John D. O'Brien was born in Kildare, Ireland, 
on May 8, 1838, the son of David and Mary 
( Dunn) O'Brien, both natives of Kildare, the 
father, a marine engineer, passing nearly all of 
his life at sea, and most of the time on the R. M. 
S. S. Hindustan, and dying off the Cape of Good 
Hope in 1841, leaving nine children. John D. 
being the youngest. The mother thereafter re- 
moved to Liverpool and in 1847 came to Amer- 
ica and resided in New York City until her death. 
In 1852 Mr. O'Brien enlisted in the \j. S. army 
as a musician and was assigned to the Fourth 
Artillery, with this organization serving in Texas 
against the Comanches and other hostile Indians, 
also in Florida against the Seminoles under Gen- 
eral Harney and being discharged at the expira- 
tion of his enlistment. Thereafter he was em- 
ployed in the U. S. custom house in New York 
City until January 9, 1863, when his patriotism 
caused him to place himself in the ranks of the 
Union arm}' as a soldier of the Fourth L T . S. 
Infantry, serving with that gallant organization 
in its fighting career iiT the Army of the Potomac 
until the close of the war and participating in 

those bloody battles which astonished the ablest 
generals of the world by their immensity and 
fatality. After peace was declared his regiment 
came west and established Fort Fetterman in 
1867, the fort taking name from the valiant 
Colonel Fetterman who met his death in the grue- 
some Indian massacre at Fort Phil Kearney, the 
Captain continuing in service until 1877. Dur- 
ing the summer of 1876 he was the orderly ser- 
geant of Co. F. upon the Big Horn and Yellow- 
stone expedition, and during the six months the 
troops were thus occupied the company marched 
over 2,800 miles, a portion of the time being so 
scarce of rations as to kill and eat the flesh of 
condemned army horses, during this period hav- 
ing a number of battles and many engagements 
and skirmishes with hostile Indians. In May 1877 
the Captain was discharged from service with 
honorary mention and located his present home 
ranch, six miles south of Fort Fetterman and en- 
gaged in stock-raising. But his military life was 
not terminated. In April 1898, when was issued 
the President's call for volunteers to serve in the 
Spanish-American War, his military spirit once 
again brought him to the front and, enlisting, he 
was commissioned as captain of Co. F, First 
\Yyoming Infantry on April 27, 1898, the regi- 
ment going to San Francisco and there embark- 
ing for the Philippines, where they arrived on 
July 31, disembarking on August 6, and engag- 
ing in skirmishing duty until the thirteenth day 
of the battle of Manila, where they were active- 
h in service, being one of the first, if not the 
very first regiment to enter the city, and on that 
night the Captain did his first guard duty in that 
country on the wall separating the old city and 
the new. After the occupation of the city the 
regiment was assigned to guard duty at the 73d 
Spanish barracks until lanuary 2, 1899. thence 
n moving to Cavite and guarding the navy yard 
until February 3, thence returning to Manila on 
the fourth, there aiding in repelling the insur- 
rectionists ; on Sunday, February 5, taking Sant 
Anne and San Pedro Mecati, being continually 
ir battle during the day, Co. F. making many 
brave charges and doing valiant service. At 
9:30 p. m. the company was ordered to surround 


tlu- i 'Id church of Guadaloupe and hold their pos- 
ition until dawn. Two companies of Filipinos 
were supposed to be in the church, but it was 
later found that during the day fully l.^oo had 
occupied it, many escaping by bamboo ladder- 
in the darkness. The gallant Co. I 7 , marched b\ 
t\\os up the narrow lane led by its brave com- 
mander, and not only surrounded tile church, but 
charging with fixed bayonets tore down the door 
and entered and captured it. The Captain held 
his capture for two days, and was relieved by 
four companies of the First California, then oc- 
cupying the church of St. Juan del Monte and 
doing guard duty at the water-works to pn. \ . nl 
the insurgents blowing them up. ( )n February 
22. they had a tierce engagmcnt and on March / 
the Captain was wounded, being shot in the right 
wrist which was fearfully mutilated, although 
tile ball passed through the wrist he remained 
uiih lii- company, leading them in the numerous 
engagements in which the company gallantlv di-- 
tinguished itself, the Captain receiving honor- 
able mention in frequent dispatches, until julv IP. 
when orders came to embark for their homeward 
voyage, and four days later they were on the 
Iran-port "(.rant" sailing toward their home. 
Landing in San l-'rauci-co on August 29, thev 
were there mustered out at the presided on Sep- 
tember ^^, iSij<), and returned to their Wyoming 
homes. The Captain has since rested in peaceful 
quiet on hi- pleasant ranch \\lu-re he has a mod- 
ern resilience, and an excellent array of barns 
and the other necessary buildings for his ranch- 
ing operations. lie has very creditably served 
as justice of the peace, notary public and 
I . S. commissioner for main- vears and is a 
mber . >i the < ,. \. K. and a repre- 
sentative citi/eii of the highest order. (In Via 
('. I Si >. he married with Miss Ana-tatia Shea, 
of Kilkcnm, Ireland. Their children are: Mot- 
he, dei eased ; David, deceased : John. no\\ . 
'"in on the \. K. ranch at LJva, Wyo. ; \\illiam. 
a grocer) man at i Henri >ei, ; ! [aggie, \l rs. Kd- 
ward Sclilo ; Jami 3 and Thomas, twin-. James 
keeping a butcher shop at ( ilcm-ock. and Thoin- 
as .'t the oil wells at Douglas; Annie. Mrs. \Y. 
K. Shcr\\in. of Glenrock; Man E., Mr-. T. I. 

( urr\ of Douglas; Fdward. in South Dakota: 
Theresa, deci < . d: Nellie, at Cdenrock : Xora. 
\da and Lizzie, who are all at home. No 
in the community stands higher in the public 
favor than this battle-scarred veteran of many 
wars and tie is also honored and venerated a- an 
early pioneer. 


A representative and liighl\ respected -iti- 
zen is Charles E. Partridge of Hat Creek, Con- 
verse county, \V\oniing, who is a native of 
Dane county. \\'is.. where he was born on 
October 15. 1850, the son of Joseph V and 
Ruth (Scott) Partridge, both natives of Nova 
Scotia. The father came to the I nited State- 
when a \oiing man and settled in Wisconsin 
as one of tile pioneers of the territi <r\ . and con- 
ducted farming and stockraising operations 
until his death. ( )f a family of ten children. 
Charles K. was the sixth, growing to man! 
in his native state and receiving hi- earlv educa- 
tion in the public schools of the vicinit \ o 
boyhood'- home. tie remained at home with 
hi- parent- a--i-ting hi- father in the care and 
management of his farm and stock busi 
up to 1*7.1. when lie came to Minnesota, where 
he remained for about two year-, and then re- 
turned to his former home in Wisconsin. Hen. 
he pursued a course of study in a business col- 
lege at Madison, and after completing hi- -tud- 

accepted a position at Jamestown, \. N".. 
as a teacher in a business college of that city. 
lie remained here for about one \ ear and came 
to the cit\ nl" I'hexeimc. then in the territory of 

Wyoming. \rriving here in 1X77 tie \\.a- 
ployed in the office oi the quartermaster in tin- 
C. S. arm\ at ' arlin for about t\\o y< 

1 le then resigned l go < m Z 
peditioti to ( '.ilc prado. The following t\\ .. 
were occupied mosth in prospecting and mining, 
and lie \\as one of the -la, to the newly 

discovered mining camp of I.eadvillc. Si 1 
p|iiently lie returned to < 'he\ .-line and 
tlie occupation .,f mining in the Silver ( 
di-trict west of ihat cit\. without meeting the 


success his hopes had pictured. Temporarily 
abandoning this pursuit he came to Hat Creek, 
W\n., and accepted a position as telegraph 
operator on the Cheyenne & Black Hills Tele- 
graph Co. and continued in that occupation 
until the line was abandoned. He then located 
the ranch property which he now occupies, and 
i -imaged in general ranching and stockraising, in 
which he has been successfully engaged to 
the present time, being the owner of a well im- 
proved ranch, with large herds of Hereford and 
Shorthorn cattle, and also a considerable num- 
ber of the best grades of draft and road horses. 
By industry, perseverance and careful attention 
to the details of his operations he has rapidly 
built up a profitable business, and is looked upon 
as one of the representative and well-to-do stock- 
men of the county. In December, iSSi, he was 
married with Miss Vinnie Logue, a native of 
Illinois, and to their union a winsome daughter 
has been bom, Alta Bernice, and in their home 
is evidenced refinement and comfort. The 
family are held in high esteem by a large cir- 
cle of friends and acquaintances. 


The movements and struggles, the unrest 
and the labors, the pleasures, the deprivations, 
failures and successes of the founders of civil- 
ization in the Great West will have for all com- 
ing ages a wonderful interest as giving the life 
stories of a class that has passed away, never 
more to be in existence. Philip Mass, the pio- 
neer settler on. Henry's Fork, Wyoming, is one 
of this honored number, and in his active and 
useful life he has passed through every phase 
of existence incident to life on the frontier, has 
endured the hardships attending the develop- 
ment of a new country, fought and traded with 
the Indians, known the rough life of a freighter, 
trailed cattle and rode the range and has 
wrested an ample fortune from an unpromising 
nature. He was born in Chihuahua, Mexico, 
on September 16, 1839, and came to the United 
States in 1852, and was then located in Jackson 
county. Mo., for nearly three years, breaking 

horses and doing general farm work. In the 
spring of 1855 he was retained as a driver by 
the Overland Stage Co., running a line of 
stages from Independence, Mo., to Salt Lake 
City, being on the first coach of the line that 
entered the latter place. He only remained 
with this company until May, 1855, however, 
for he was engaged by the U. S. government 
to accompany General Harney on his Indian 
expedition in the dual capacity of guide and 
scout, in that connection participating in sev- 
eral bloody engagements with savages, nota- 
bly those of Ice Hollow, just east of Laramie, 
where 280 Indians were killed, and the historic 
battle of Fort Kearney, and he remained with 
General Harney through the entire summer's 
campaign, then returning with the troops to 
Fort Leavenworth. Mr. Mass was in the U. S. 
service until 1858, during this time accompany- 
ing Colonel Summers to Pike's Peak and on his 
return trip to Fort Leavenworth, and he was 
also with the first troops that came to Fort 
Bridger with General Johnston when he came 
to quiet the existing disturbances and to inves- 
tigate the Mountain Meadow massacre, the 
Mormons taking nearly all of their horses and 
destroying and burning their supplies, so that 
the rations of the troops were reduced for near- 
ly a month to only an ounce each of flour and 
bacon a day. Previously to this, however, in 
1859, M r - Mass had made his headquarters on 
Henry's Fork and entered into the stock busi- 
ness on the range of this vicinity and also did 
quite extensive trading with the Indians. His 
start was made by buying cattle from the emi- 
grant trains, and he also, took contracts to fur- 
nish hay and wood to the U. S. troops and post. 
Three months of the summer of 1860 he was a 
pony-express rider, traveling on horseback on 
this route 100 miles in ten hours' time. For the 
term of forty-four years Mr. Mass has here suc- 
cessively conducted an extensive stock industry 
and developed a beautiful home on Henry's 
Fork where neighbors were an unknown quan- 
tity, and here he is still residing in truly patri- 
archal style, a grand old man. held in the high- 
est honor bv the citizens of the whole state, sur- 



rounded l>y loving children and grandchildren, 
\vhci delight to do him reverence. His herd ol 
cattle, including graded Herefords and Short- 
horns, still run in numbers on the range, add- 
ing yearly to the wealth his business sagacity 
and untiring industry had heretofore accumu- 
lated, and lii-re the family extends a pioneer 
hospitality to all who come. Mr. Mass has 
ever taken positive grounds in matters of pub- 
lic interest, being long identified with the Dem- 
ocratic party, but in no sense has he been an 
office-seeker. He was married on July 15. 1862, 
to Miss Irene Beauxveaux, and their family- 
circle has contained nine children, whose names 
are Margueritte ; Rosalie, wife of A. H. Har- 
vey: James, died on March i, 1891, aged 
twenty-three years; Lucy, wife of F. A. Peter- 
son of Woodland, Utah; Emma, wife of W. A. 
Perry of Vernal, Utah ; John ; Edward, a resi- 
dent of the Bighorn basin plains of Wyoming ; 
Philip and Jessie. All of the children have re- 
ceived an excellent education at the parental 
I'nme. their father employing the best of tutors 
and instructors. 


For firmness of fiber, flexibility of function, 
mental and physical, self-reliance, readiness in 
resources and all around utility in every manly 
way. take the man who with a good constitu- 
tion and determined spirit was thrown on his 
own capabilities early in life and has had to 
depend on them for all he has achieved, with- 
out the aid of fortune's favors or adventitious 
circumstances. Such a man is John Pearson 
of Kotlien. ('rook county, Wyoming, a pn>m- 

and successful inilhiian. rancher, sto 

man and real-estate o\vner. Ilis birth occurred 

on I'Yhruary 17. i s |< i. in Sweden, the home of 

tlie Norsemen and the prolific source of a thrifty. 

skillful, indu-trioiis and la\\ abiding class of 

emigrants to the United States. His parents 

natives of Sweden, and there he grew to 

manhood and was educated. In lSi,j. when lie 

twenty years old. he came to the I'nited 

irriving in Kan>a^ City, Mo., in the 

summer and remaining there about a year. 
From that place he went to Colorado and ac- 
cepted employment for nearly a year on the 
I'nion Pacific Railroad. After that he entered 
the service of a sawmill company doing an ex- 
tensive business near Denver, thus forming his 
first acquaintance in this country with an in- 
dustry which he has successfully followed since 
then, with some intermissions, and has raised 
almost to the dignity of an art. Thereafter he 
worked in stamp mills in the mining districts 
of Colorado, passed a few months in the south- 
eastern part of Kansas near Columbus, where 
he invested in land, passed a year in California 
and Oregon prospecting and mining. In 1878 
he located in the Black Hills and \\orked in a 
stamp mill and sawmills near Deadwood until 
1882, gradually acquiring first an interest in 
them then complete ownership, and in the year 
last named moving them into Crook county, 
Wyo.. planting a sawmill near the site he no\y 
occupies. In i8Sd he sold the old mills and pur- 
chasing new and improved machinery of much 
greater capacity, he erected new mills on the 
south fork of Hay Creek, six miles from Alad- 
din, now a terminal of the Wyoming & .Mis- 
souri River Railroad. His location is twenty-six 
miles north of Sundance in one of the most 
picturesque regions in this part of the stale. 
bounded on three sides with hills heavily tim- 
bered with a valuable growth, on the east look- 
ing river and opening into the valley through 
which Hay Creek winds in graceful curves like 
a thread of silver in a warp of verdant tapestry. 
The business planted here has been watched 
with care, developed with energy, condi: 
with skill and has grown great with steady and 
symmetrical p low the mo>- 

tensive in this sc -try. and the 

mills at which it is carried on are thi and 

i < [uipped in the northern pan of ; ' 
Mr. I Varson ha- ed in the -lock 

business extensively, running a lar-c number 

attle and CS, and has in\e 

luavih in ranch and timber land, ouning at this 
writing <|C>MJI about 5,000 acres, lie has city 
;che. S. 1 ).. and valuable 



holdings elsewhere. 1 1 is career affords a fine 
illustration of \vhal is ]><Ml>lr to energy, in- 
telligence anil thrift in tins land of boundless 
opportunity. ( >n A|iril 14, 18X4, at Spearfish, 
S. I'.. Mr. 1 '(.'arson was married with Miss Au- 
gusta Johnson, also a Swede. They have five 
children, all living at home: Charles A.. Frank 
i >.. Maggie E., Nelson and John. In politics 
the head of the house is a Republican, but has 
never sought office. He has, however, as a 
business convenience and for the benefit of the 
community consented to serve as postmaster 
at Eothen since 1887, being probably the oldest 
postmaster in the state. He has also been a 
justice of the peace. His married life, which 
began in 1884, ended with the death of his wife 
on December 10, 1898. She w : as buried in the 
family cemetery on the home -ranch. 


This enterprising young business man who 
occupies the responsible position of general 
agent of the Glenrock Coal Co., and is one of 
the representative young men who are rapidly 
forging to the front of the commercial and in- 
dustrial activities of Wyoming, was born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 2, 1870, the son of 
Joseph and Sophia Patzold, natives of Ger- 
many, the father having been born in the north- 
ern part of that country and the mother in 
\Yurtemberg. Joseph Patzold, in company 
with an older brother, sailed from Germany to 
Galveston, Tex., in the early forties of the 
nineteenth century, finally finding permanent 
residence in the then distinctively German city 
of Cincinnati, Ohio. Joseph Patzold was a 
skilled artisan in cabinet making, following that 
trade all of his active life, becoming a stock-hold- 
er in and for many years being the manager 
of the Cabinet Makers' Union, which did an 
extensive manufacturing business, and in which 
he was employed at the time of his death in 
1876. G. A. Patzold was the youngest of nine 
children, and supplemented the rudimental edu- 
cation of the public schools by attendance and 
graduation at the Cincinnati high school and 

a thorough course at an excellent commercial 
college, I hereafter becoming associated as a 
bookkeeper for three years with the Campbell 
Creek Coal Co., then removing to. Denver, he 
entered the employ of the llalleck & Howard 
Lumber Co., continuing there for seven years 
as accountant, after that being retained for 
several years by the receiver of the United Coal 
Co. In 1898 he came to Glenrock, Wyo., at the 
request of the Glenrock Coal Co., to become 
their general agent, in which position he has 
continued with great acceptability until the 
present writing. < >n June 27, 1893, the very 
felicitous marriage of Mr. Patzold and Miss 
Ida Burns of Denver was consummated. She 
is the daughter of the Hon. D. V. Burns, judge 
of the District Court of the Denver district of 
Colorado. Mr. Patzold is also the junior mem- 
ber of the nourishing Slaughter-Patzold Sheep 
Co.. which is conducting stock operations of 
scope and importance, owing 640 acres of land 
on the Platte River below Glenrock and 960 
acres on Box Elder and Willow Creeks, and 
also controlling 3.000 acres of leased land, on 
which they are running about 10,000 sheep, con- 
ducting an enterprise of great cumulative im- 
portance. In everything connected with the ad- 
vancement of the community Mr. Patzold is 
never found a laggard, his energy and ability 
being forceful factors in the progress of all pub- 
lic matters of a local nature, while in politics 
he renders a faithful allegiance to the Republi- 
can party. It has been written of him, "Mr. 
Patzold is a young man of energy and ability, 
is highly respected, very progressive and pros- 
perous, enjoys a marked popularity and bids 
fair to be one of Wyoming's representative 
men, with much usefulness before him." 


The state of Wyoming has many men of 
promise and progressive spirit both in business 
and professional life who are fast making her 
great natural resources known to the world, and 
prominent among the younger men of this class 
in the countv of Carbon is Dr. Emmet Perdue 


of Encampment. A native of Orrick, Kay 
county. Missouri, he was born on August 3, 
[873, the son of TT. C. and Mary E. (Ballard) 
I \n hie, both natives of Virginia. His paternal 
grandfather was also a native of the < >ld Domin- 
ion and his wife, whose maiden naiiir was Vir- 
ginia E. Hell, was a cousin of Henry Clay and 
also related to the distinguished Langhorn fam- 
ily of Virginia. The grandfather moved from 
his native Mate in 1859 to Missouri, and resided 
there up to the time of his death. He sold his 
large Virginian plantation and turned over the 
entire proceeds to discharge an obligation he 
had incurred by indorsing for a friend during 
his younger days and left little property at his 
death. The father of Doctor Perdue remained 
loyal to the South during the Civil War and 
joined the Army of the Confederacy, being a 
member of Price's army and serving in Missouri. 
He was seriouslv wounded in the battle of Wil- 
son's Creek, and was long incapacitated from 
service although he completely recovered from 
the injury and since the war has been continuous- 
ly engaged in the drug business at < >rrick. Mo. 
l-'or t\\o terms he served the people of Ray coun- 
t* as sheriff, making a faithful, efficient and cour- 
agCOUS ofli.vr and discharging his important du- 
ties with entire satisfaction to the people of the 
county, earning an enviable reputation through- 
out the state and being one of the leading eiti/ens 
of that section. Doctor Perdue received his ele- 
mentary education at Richmond, Mo., and after 
he was graduated from the high school he became 
associated with his father in the drug business 
for .1 short time. I laving an ambition to become 
a physician, he matriculated :d the Marion-Sims 
Medical ('"liege at St. l.onis, and pursued a 
thorough scientific and technical course of study 
at that institution, being graduated with the 
of ')''. and taking a high Standing in his 
professional studies, and out of a el ass of seventy- 
six members, he \\as one of the six upon whom 
honors were conferred. \fter his graduation he 
entered upon the practice of his profession in 
lackson count}' in his native stati . I le remained 
here for aboni three years and met u ilh success, 
then returned t<> < irrick. where he continued in 

practice for about one year, and then removed 
to W\oming. selecting Encampment as his place 
of residence, and entering at once upon the prac- 
tice of his chosen profession in which he has met 
\\iili distinguished success and has the confidence 
of the entire community. His business has rapidly 
increased, and he has a large and lucrative prac- 
tice, being examining plusician for the Mutual 
Life Insurance Co., of Xew York, the New 
York Life Insurance Co., the Mutual Reserve 
I-'und Life Insurance Co., of New York. The 
Provident Insurance Co., The Hankers' Life 
Insurance Co., of Des Moincs, Iowa, the 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., 
and others. He is also physician and surgeon 
for the Mine and Smelter Supply Co.. of I )en- 
ver during the construction of the great tramway 
now building near Encampment, is the surgeon 
for the Carbon Timber Co. and owner of the 
Good Shepherd Hospital at Encampment, also 
health officer for the southern portion of Carbon 
county. He is progress]-, , and well-read, keeping- 
fully in touch with all modern methods of treat- 
ing disease, and is fast coming to he recognized 
as one of tlie leading professional men of the 
Male. ( )n September j. [896, I >octor IVnlne was 
united in marriage with Miss Ida May Tanner, 
a native of Ray county. Mo., and the daughter of 
Samuel Tanner, for many years one of the 
largest fanners of Ray county. To their unoin 
have been horn ihree winsome children, namely. 
Helen, Theresa and Elwin Clay, (deceased). 
Their home life is a notably happy one and the 
family is held in high esteem. Doctor 1'enlnc is 
affiliated in fraternal relations with the Modern 

\\ linen of America and the Ro\al Neighbors. 

He is the medical examiner for both lodge- 
takes a deep interest in the fraternal life of the 
city. The Doctor is also largeK interested in 
mining property in the vicinity of Encampniciil, 
which give promise of a fortune in the near fu- 
ture, and is also one of the originators and large 
stockholders in the irrigating compaiu which is 
no\\ constructing a large canal near that city 
which will irrigate over |.O,OOO acres of land 
and be of Vasl benefit to this section of the 



One of the most successful business men of 
Sweetwater county. Wyoming', is E. E. Peters 
of Green River, who was born in Arcadia, 
Ohio, on April 4, 1861, a son of Jacob and Jane 
(Taylor) Peters. The father was born in that 
part of Virginia now known as West Virginia, 
where his boyhood days were passed, and on 
reaching his majority he was taken into a part- 
nership association with his father, David 
Peters, at Arcadia, Ohio, where he followed a 
mercantile business five or six years, when 
Jacob Peters took charge, the father's death oc- 
curring about this time, and for eighteen years 
he successfully conducted the business, when he 
retired and lived in Arcadia until called from 
earth in 1872, at the age of forty-two years. 
Mr. Peters, a Republican in politics, was post- 
master of Arcadia for ten years and for a long 
time a justice of the peace. He was a Mason 
and an Odd Fellow, a member of the Methodist 
church, a prominent and successful business 
man, generous to a marked degree, charitable 
to the poor and especially noted for his kind- 
ness in family matters, being a devoted hus- 
band and affectionate father. Mrs. Jane (Tay- 
lor) Peters, a native of Ohio, was called from 
earth when her son, E. E. Peters, was but six 
years of age, being the mother of eight children, 
four of whom are living. E. E. Peters from 
the early age of eleven years labored on a 
farm until he was eighteen, when he entered 
the employ of the Nickel Plate Railroad for two 
years, then changing to the Michigan & Ohio 
Railroad for one year. He next worked in Ohio 
one year at logging and then was a mechanic 
in the Union Pacific Railroad shops at Omaha, 
Xeb.. for three years. In 1887 he came to 
Green River, W r yo., and held a position in the 
Union Pacific shops for two years. Becoming 
tired of mechanical labor he opened a restau- 
rant, and, being a genial, good-natured gentle- 
man, made a financial success of the enterprise, 
which he conducted for six years, then sold out 
and went into the lumber trade, in which he 
was equally prosperous, later adding to this 

trade the handling of hay, grain and coal, sup- 
plemented by contracting. In politics Mr. 
Peters is a Republican, and so popular is he 
with the people that he has been elected to the 
city council of Green River for eight consecu- 
tive- years. In his society relations Mr. Peters 
is a Freemason and is a member of the lodge 
at Green River. Mr. Peters was happily mar- 
ried in 1893 in Green River, with Miss Sarah 
Hutton, a native of Ireland and a. daughter of 
Andrew and Agnes (Purdy) Hutton. To this 
union have been born two children. Ernest and 
Edith. Socially the family is held in the high- 
est esteem. 


One of the oldest and most respected citizens 
of Laramie, Wyoming, is George W. Pingree, 
a native of Maine, son of Samuel and Phoebe 
(Briggs) Pingree, both natives of Scotland. He 
was born in 1827 at the town of Orono, Maine, 
to which state his father emigrated from Scot- 
land in early life, and during his early man- 
hood there acquired distinction as a Presbyte- 
rian clergyman. W r hen George had attained 
to the age of eleven years a spirit of adventure 
led him to go to sea, and he was a sea-faring 
man about seven years. He then engaged in 
lumbering in his native state, continuing that 
occupation until 1856, when he started from 
his native state to Missouri and Minnesota. 
In 1858 he came to Colorado, attracted thither 
by reports of the discoveries of gold in that 
section. Colorado was then on the extreme 
western frontier and the journey was attended 
by many dangers and hardships. Arriving in 
Colorado he engaged in mining and ranhing 
with varying success for a number of years. In 
TSur he enlisted in Co. B, First Colorado Regi- 
ment, for service in the Civil War, and for a 
time he was employed as a scout and courier 
during the troubles with the Indians, and at the 
Sand Creek massacre, where he was severely 
wounded by an arrow. He was in many other 
engagements with the Indians and was mus- 
tered out of the service at Fort Leavenworth 


in iS(>5. He then engaged again in ranching 
and mining in Colorado for a. number of years 
and in 1889 came tu Wyoming, where he pur- 
chased a ranch about thirty miles west of 
Laramic and at once entered upon the business 
of raising cattle and horses. He has been con- 
tinuously and prosperously engaged in t he- 
same occupation at the same place since that 
time. In 1892 Air. Pingree was united in wed- 
lock with Mrs. Elizabeth (Steward) Adams, a 
native of Ireland, and the daughter of John and 
Rebecca Steward. Her mother passed away 
from earth in Ireland in 1851, at the age of 
fifty-one years and was buried in her native 
country. Upon the death of his wife the father 
emigrated from Ireland to America, where he 
first settled in Illinois. Here he followed the 
occupation of farming, in which he continued 
until his death in [868 at the age of sixty-eight 
years. During his residence in Ireland he had 
been connected with official life, holding a po- 
sition under the government. The former hus- 
band of Mrs. 1'ingree was Xathan L. Adams, a 
native of Illinois and a member of a family 
which traced its ancestry back to the time of 
the Revolutionary War. During the Civil War 
Air. Adams enlisted in an Illinois regiment and 
ed For live years as an orderly sergeant. 
After the war he engaged in merchandising in 
Illinois; subsequently disposing "f his interests 
in that state he removed to Idaho, where he 
remained for about cue year, then moved to and settled on a ranch near Laramie 

where he engaged in the stock busii 
in which he continued up to the time of his 
; ' al death, which occurred on October 10, 
iSiio, bring murdered by a highwayman in an 
attempted robbery. He left four children, 
George S., Stephen L., William S. and Ida M. 
I hese ha\ e all been adi ipted b) Mr. 1'ingree 
now members of his family. Frater- 
nally Mr. i'ingree is a member of the ( iraiul 
Army of the Republic and is enthusiastic in all 
matters connected with the welfare of that 
great organixation and politically he is identi- 
fied with the Republican parly, active in the 
work of that party. 


One of the younger progressive ranch and 
stockmen of Orin, Converse county, Wyoming, 
is the subject of this review, who is a native of 
Texas, born in Limestone county, on September 
i 'i. 1800, the son of Edward and Martha 
i Rogers ) Pollock, both natives of Mississippi, 
but coming to Texas in early life, where the 
lather followed the combined occupations of mer- 
chant and stockraiser until his death occurred in 
i860. The mother now makes her home near 
the city of Abilene, Tex. George X. Pollock 
came to man's estate in Limestone county, Tex., 
and received his early schooling in the public in- 
stitutions of learning in the vicinity of his boy- 
hood's home. After completing his education he 
remained at home assisting in the management 
of the paternal estate until he had arrived at the 
age of twenty-one years. He then determined 
to seek his fortune in the country lying farther 
to the north, and in June. 1881, he came to the 
then territory of Wyoming, where in the neigh- 
borhood of Hartville he secured employment in 
a store for a short time, and afterwards went to 
work as a range rider for the purpose of acquir- 
ing a practical knowledge of the cattle business, 
in which he intended to engage, continuing in 
this employment until 18X7, when he took up his 
present ranch on the Platte River, situated about 
mil one-half miles southeast of Orin Junc- 
tion. Here he made a beginning in the cattle 
ness and lias since Readily added to his 
holding i if luitli land- and cattle, being now the 
owner of a tine ranch of about 400 acres, well 
fenced and improved, and with a modern 
duice and other impro\ < ments necessar} in con- 
veniently carrying on his business. He is en- 
ed in the successful handling of both cattle 
and horses, and by energy, industry, hard 
and perseverance is rapidlj building himself up 
as. .1 -nh.stanlial business man. being one of the 
self-made men of \\ \ Mining, whose success is dur 
entirely to their own effort* and \\lio have done 
so much to settle the state and develop its in 

trees. Mr. pollock i- a -lanch adherent of 
the Democrat party, a loyal and < 'ham- 



pion of its principles and policies, although never 
seeking or desiring to hold political office. 
Energetic in business, ever progressive in his 
methods and always loyal to every true interest 
of his county and state, he is held in universal 


Devoting his time and energies to the ancient 
and honorable vocation of husbandry and en- 
joying prestige as an enterprising citizen and 
public spirited man of affairs, an enumeration 
of the representative men of Laramie county 
would be incomplete were there failure to men- 
tion the name of John Purely, who was born on 
May 31, 1860, in the town of Newburgh, Or- 
ange county. New York, the son of John and 
Loretta (Rhodes) Purely, a wheelwright and 
wagonmaker by trade, who passed all of his 
life in Orange county and finished his earthly 
career there in 1863; his wife died in 1884 and 
with her husband sleeps in the quiet shades of 
the old cemetery at Xewburgh. John Purely 
was reared in his native county until the age 
of sixteen and received a practical knowledge 
of the fundamental branches of study in the 
Xewburgh public schools. By reason of his 
father's death he was thrown upon his own re- 
sources at an age when a lad most needs a 
father's wise admonition and faithful guidance. 
In his sixteenth year he went to Kansas and 
for four years worked at farm labor in the 
southern part of that state, meanwhile formulat- 
ing plans to proceed further west. In July, 
1 88 1, Mr. Purely left the Sunflower state and 
came to Fort Laramie, Wyo., near which place 
he found employment on a ranch. After 
working for some time in that capacity he 
turned his attention to other kinds of labor and 
for five years was variously employed, husband- 
ing his earnings meanwhile with the intention 
of early engaging in business for himself. In 
1886 he took up his present ranch, located three 
and one-half miles east of Fort Laramie, and 
began farming operations, giving especial at- 
tention to the raising of hav, from the sale of 

which he soon reali/ed a very liberal income, 
lie has contiinird agricultural pursuits to tin- 
present time, meeting with a large measure of 
success, for there is always a much greater de- 
mand for his products than he can supply. His 
place, embracing 320 acres of land, is well sit- 
uated for agricultural purposes, particularly for 
the raising of hay, as the natural grasses are 
luxuriant and contain great nutritious proper- 
ties. He cultivates the soil according to the 
most improved modern methods, keeps a fine- 
duality of stock and is favorably situated to 
enjoy the free, independent life he is now lead- 
ing. Beginning life as a poor boy, without help 
from any one, Mr. Purely has toiled onward 
and upward, enduring hardships and overcom- 
ing difficulties until to-day he is numbered 
among the substantial and well-to-do men of 
the county. He has not been a passive specta- 
tor of current local events, but an active par- 
ticipant in directing and controlling them. 
Ever since settling in Laramie he has been a 
potent factor in public and political affairs as 
one of the leading Republican politicians of his 
community and making his influence felt 
throughout the county. He is a leading party- 
worker, attends the conventions and takes an 
active part in their deliberations. In 1892 he 
was elected a justice of the peace and dis- 
charged the duties of that office in such a man- 
ner as to bring much important litigation to his 
court. Possessing an excellent judgment, an 
intelligent knowledge of the law and a compre- 
hensive conception of the principles of equity 
and the ethics of business life, few if any of his 
decisions have suffered reversal at the hands of 
higher tribunals. Mr. Purely has never taken 
upon himself the responsibilities of family ties, 
being unmarried, but he is popular with the 
people and his admirable social qualities cause 
his society to be much sought. Of a genial 
nature he makes and retains friends and upon 
no one are confidences more honorably be- 
stowed than upon him. Enterprising and pro- 
gressive, a good farmer, neighbor and citizen, 
he is eminently worthy the esteem in which he 
\3, held. 



i onimanding universal respect and esteem, 
there is no man in Converse county, Wyoming, 
win) occupies a more enviable position in the 
industrial and social circles than George Pow- 
ell, not alone on account of the exceptional suc- 
cess lie has achieved, hut from the honorable, 
straightforward business policy he has ever fol- 
lowed, lie possesses untiring- energy, is quick 
of perception, forms plans quickly and is de- 
termined and prompt in their execution so 
that has marked success in industrial proposi- 
tions of scope and importance may be consid- 
ered as a natural result : but beyond these are 
the integrity of character and fidelity of pur- 
pose which have gained to him the respect of 
the many people he has met in the long years 
of his residence in the West and in Wyoming, 
of which state he may be justly designated as a 
pioneer. Mr. Powell is a native of Fairfield, 
leffcrson county. Iowa, born on Washington's 
birthday in 1847, the son of Enos and Catherine 
(llarperi Powell, the father being a native of 
Kentucky and the mother of Indiana. The 
father came to Indiana from Kentucky when a 
young man, there met and married the estima- 
able lady who for so many years was his faithful 
helpmeet eventually thereafter removing to Iowa, 
being numbered among the early pioneers of 
the Mali- and there by their united labors the) 
developed a fine farm on which they resided 
until their deaths. George Powell was their 
third child and he remained on the Iowa home- 
stead until 1805, receiving tin educational ad- 
vantages oi the primitive district schools, then 
taking the long trail across the plains to Den- 
ver, Colo., very soon after his arrival being en- 
gaged in freighting, which he followed for two 
ears, then for two more years being employed 
in logging operations in the mountains sixty- 
five miles west of Denver, thereafter coming 
In Wyoming, where he was employed by the 
government in its civilian service lor a year at 
Fort Laramie. then for a few months he was 
lumbering in the Klk Mountains, then taking 
charge of a "bull" freighting out tit eight years, 

having almost daily trouble with the Indians, 
during one vear when the savages were pecu- 
liarly troublesome having skirmishes and 
changing shols with them at frequent intervals, 
a number of both whites and Indians losing 
their lives in these encounters. Mr. Powell 
then engaged in freighting on his own account, 
continuing to be thus occupied until 1877, hav- 
ing varying success in his endeavors and la- 
boring diligently and persistently. He located 
on his present home ranch in 1877 and at on< 
commenced to develop it, in 1879, however, 
purchasing another freighting outfit for two 
more years he again followed this arduous vo- 
cation. From that time until the present writ- 
ing his personal attention has been given to his 
ranch and his 'stock interests. He has over 
1,000 acres of deeded land under effective irri- 
gation and well ditched, raises immense crops 
of wheat, oats, alfalfa and other farm crops and 
runs large bands of cattle and sheep. He has 
comfortable buildings, barns, sheds, etc., and all 
the accessories necessary to properly carry on 
his extensive farming operations, being consid- 
ered one of the progressive and representative 
men of the county, and he has a host of friends. 
On March 27. 1878. was celebrated the mar- 
riage union of Mr. Powell and Miss Maggie 
Scogille, a native of Iowa, they having met and 
formed an acquaintanceship while she \\as vis 
iting a married sister in Wyoming. Their chil- 
dren are Maud, now Mrs. T. P. I litchinson. and 
Gertrude. Mr. Powell lake- great interest in 
public affairs, and is an earnest supporter and 
active adherent of the Republican political 
party and is a genial gentleman, who exhibit - 
in his home the best character of pioneer hos- 

Jl i|l\ PRATLE^ 

The able county treasurer of I'arliou count). 
Wyoming, was born in Richmond. Ind.. mi 
March o. 1850. and is now just in the prime of 
life. Mis father, Thomas Pratlev. was a native 
of P.m. Ion. Fngland. and came to the 1'niled 
Slates when a vouiig man and lirsl located in 



Philadelphia, but removed to Kansas in 1870, 
and here he passed tin: remainder of his life, 
dying in 1873, his remains being interred at 
McLouth, Jefferson county. The mother of 
John Pratley vras born in Philadelphia, Pa., and 
bore the maiden name of Delia Smith, she was 
it a red and married in her native city, and is now 
living in McLouth countv at the age of sixty- 
three years. John Pratlev was but a lad when his 
parents removed to the West. The limited educa- 
tional advantages of Jefferson county, Kan., 
a new country, was his only means of acquiring 
learning. When about twenty years of age he 
undertook the management of his own affairs, 
and came as far west as Colorado and Wyoming. 
He was employed chiefly as clerk for various 
business firms, until 1900 and being a good math- 
ematician and an accountant of superior merit, 
as well as a stalwart Republican, he attracted the 
attention of his party who elected him county 
treasurer of Carbon county, and this is a choice 
no one has ever had cause to regret. Mr. Pratley 
united in marriage about 1887 with Miss Cora 
R. Batsell, a native of Kansas and a daughter of 
Dr. J. C. Batsell, an eminent physician of 
Effingham, Kan., but notwithstanding this lady's 
congenial disposition and happy married felicity, 
she has as yet borne to her husband no children. 
The energy, ability and practical knowledge of 
affairs that Mr. Pratley has exhibited since he 
has resided in Wyoming are a guarantee that the 
time is not very far distant when his influence 
\\ill be felt for good throughout not only the im- 
mediate community in which he has his being but 
in remoter parts of the county and state, and the 
general public will appreciate even more forcibly 
than at present the value of his services. 


Although a native of the state of New York 
Daniel B. Rathbun has been engaged in stock- 
raising in Wyoming since 1873, and it may well 
be supposed that he is acquainted with the de- 
tails of the business, which, however has been 
in charge of his sons since 1891. as in that year 
the father retired to Evanston which is still his 

home. Daniel B. Rathbun was born in Cincin- 
natus, Cortland county, N. Y. on October 17, 
1839, a son of Green and Sarah (Lyon) Rath- 
bun, the former of whom was of English de- 
scent and a gallant soldier in the American army 
of 1812, having enlisted in his native state of 
Connecticut. Mrs. Sarah (Lyon) Rathbun, a 
daughter of Ira Lyon, was born in Massachu- 
setts and had a maternal uncle who held a com- 
mission in the American army and was killed in 
the War of 1812 at Little York, Can. Green 
Rathbun passed his life as a farmer in the state 
of New York, where his death occurred when he 
was sixty-three years of age, his remains being 
interred at Cincinnatus and the death of his 
widow occurred when she was about seventy 
years old, her remains being laid to rest beside 
those of her husband. Both these parents were 
lifelong members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and passed their earthly life in full ac- 
cordance with its teachings. They had nine 
children of whom Daniel B. was next to the 
youngest and of whom four survive. Daniel B. 
Rathbun was primarily educated in the district 
schools of Cincinnatus, N. Y. This was supple- 
mented by further instruction at the Cincin- 
natus Academy, in which he was fully prepared 
for the active duties of life as far as could 
be done from the study of books. In 1859 Daniel 
B. Rathbun came west and engaged in mining in 
Kldnrado county, Calif., until 1863, when he went 
to Virginia City, Nev., where he resided about 
one year and then removed to Lander count)-. 
Nev., and there continued at mining and also 
conducted a rancii for four years, then returning 
to California, where he was employed in various 
occupations for another period of four years, 
after he passed a year and a half engaged in no 
particular occupation. In 1873 he came to L T inta 
county, \YYO.. and took up a ranch of about 400 
acres of government land on Fontenelle Creek, 
where he was engaged in the prevailing occu- 
pation of stockraising until 1891, when he re- 
tired to Evanston, leaving the ranch to the charge 
of his sons, who have proved to be worthy suc- 
cessors of their capable father and devote their 
time chiefly to the raising of sheep, cattle being 



a secondary consideration. Mr. Rathbun has a 
modern dwelling on Lombard street, Kvanstou. 
where i.s displayed a Denial hospitality. He takes 
an active interest in promoting the growth of the 
town and is serving his second term as chairman 
of the hoard of eounU commissioners, having 
been elected as a member of the board in the fall 
of 1903 for a term of four years. Mr. Rathbun 
was joined in marriage at Salt Lake City, Ctah, 
in October. 1874. with Miss llattic C. Fuller, a 
daughter of Jeduthan Fuller, a native of ( )hio. 
and to this union have been born six children: 
I >aniel E., now engaged in mining in Alaska; 
llattie C., wife of Fred \\Vrtc1, deputy county 
tiiasurcr of Uinta county, Wyo. ; Mark E. ; 
Henry F. ; George L. ; Donald I 1 .. Mrs. Rath- 
bun was born in Stephenson county. 111., and 
died in Salt Lake City, Utah, on October 16, 
1892, but her remains were interred at Evans- 
ton, Wyo. She was graduated from the 
Mount Carroll, 111. Ladies Seminary, and before 
her marriage was a popular and successful 
teacher at Green River, Wyo.. being an estim- 
able lady, a loving wife and mother and a de- 
vout member of the Presbyterian church. 


Descending from thrifty, sturdy and enter- 
prising German anccsm . domiciled, however, in 
America for several generations, whose sterling 
qualities have come down to him in no un- 
stinted measure, Mr. Charles Rice is now one 
of i he independent ami pi perous ranchm >: 

nverse county, W\oming, where his finely 

located and well sheltered ranch of ( >o acres 
i- situated on I'.cawr Creek, twenty miles 
southwesl of Douglas and in close proximity 
to tbi- i"' al Beaver, having a fine resi- 

dence, a mode] of heaiiu and good taste, with 
a complex equipment and every consideration 
for the comfort of its inmates, bis is surely a 1m 
to be envied, lie was born in the heart of the 
Western R of ( )hio. in Tnnnbull county, 

on \pril j-. 1X55, a son of Lorenzo I 1 - and 

Sarah (Wilson) Rice, \\lio. I, on in ( 'onnectieut. 
formed a portion of that Connecticut colony 

that peopled the beautiful northeastern -< 
oi ( >hio and gave a distinctively Xew i 
color to its eivili/atioti. The ]iaternal grand- 
father \\a> one of the earliesl of these immi- 
grants, bringing his family thither and carving 
out a pleasant home from the virgin foi 
e. .itinuing to be a farmer thereon until his 
death. Lorenzo I'. Rice removed to Mitchell 
county, Iowa, in iS;S. a pioneer settler, and he 
followed the example i her in reclaiming 

an estate from the fertile virgin soil in thai 
which he made his home, rearing a 
large family and attaining the venerable age of 
eighty- four years, living on September 6, 1900. 
Charles Rice remained on the parental honie- 
until he arrived at his majority, then dis- 
played the pioneer proclivities of his race by 
taking a westward course to Plymouth county. 
Iowa, two years later, in 1879, coming to 
Wyoming, where his initial emplo\*menl was 
that of a carpenter in the government service 
at Fort Fetterman. In iSSi he located his pres- 
ent ranch and has since given his energii 
the raising of cattle of a superior quality, con- 
ducting a prosperous business of rapidly in- 
creasing proportions, making Hereford cattle 
his favorite breed and running a and 

a valuable herd. The businesslike methods he 
is pursuing and the care and careful atte- 
he is displaying in his labors can have no o 
result than a continual success lie is consid- 
ered i >ue of the representative stockmen of a 
region noted for the strong character of its 
.stock" operators, and has an extensive and val- 
uable acquaie; H > vith the leading men ot the 
county, and is sui ' because he deserves 

success. In political relations he is in active 
Ci rd with the Republican party, but does nol 
use his efforts for personal advantage or offi 
cial place and is a valued member of the fra- 
ternal order of the Woodmen of the \\ 
Fehruarx 27, (879, was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Mr. Rice and Miss Almina Ilouard. 
the daughter of James and Anna i Young i II 
ard. a native ol Wisconsin, but reared in Iowa, 
where her father was engaged in farming for 
main years. Their children are Anna, now 


the wife Hi' I!. !'. Sanfiird. who is ranching on 
Heaver Creek almve Air. Rice; .Myrtle, ((live 
and Mabel. 


A pioneer in three states. James 1',. Richard- 
son has dwelt on the frontier all of his life, be- 
ing in the very van of civilization and always 
fast on the heels of the flying buffalo. His ex- 
perience has taught him that no conditions of 
\\ildness or barbarism can withstand the spirit 
of American conquest, and also that our mother 
earth is generous to her children in this favored 
land, yielding readily to the persuasive hand of 
the husbandman, spreading his table with 
plenty and his pathway with flowers, for he has 
seen the wilderness redeemed to culture and 
made fragrant with the bloom of civilization 
wherever he has halted in his progress through 
the great West. He was born on January 8, 
1851, in Johnson county. Indiana, the son of 
Edward and Mary (Moorehead) Richardson, 
natives of Virginia, who came to Indiana soon 
after their marriage and. after some years of 
experimental farming in that then new country, 
removed in 1856 to Iowa, from there a year 
later to Harrison county, Mo., where they took 
up government land and were engaged in farm- 
ing for nearly a quarter of a century. Their an- 
cestors came to the New World among the Cav- 
aliers in the wake of the gallant Raleigh and in 
the history of the Old Dominion bravely bore 
an honorable part in peace and war. The Mis- 
souri home of the family was one of the finest 
and best improved in its part of the state and 
rewarded the skillful labor put upon it with 
abundant returns. Still, a spirit of discovery 
and adventure was in the blood, and in 1880 
the "old folks" sold out in that state and 
joined their children in Harlan county, Neb., 
where they had homesteaded and were farming 
successfully, but in the case of the father "the 
plow was nearing the end of the furrow," and 
within a year after his arrival in his new home 
he passed away and was buried in its soil, on 
which the mother now makes her home with 

her daughter, fames B. Richardson grew to 
manhood and was educated in Harrison county, 
MD., remaining at home until he was twenty- 
one years old. In 1872 he removed to Harlan 
county, \eb., and began farming among the 
first settlers there. The county is now well de- 
veloped and rather thickly populated, but when 
he "stuck his stake" there it was a wild, un- 
cultivated region, in which the buffalo roamed 
at will and Indians contested the right of the 
white man to dwell. Mr. Richardson became 
a skillful hunter as well as a farmer, chased the 
buffalo all over the county. and had many inter- 
esting and thrilling experiences with both 
wild beasts and savage men. More than ten 
years were passed in this section and in the 
spring of 1883 he and his brother George came 
to northern Wyoming and located on the ranch 
which he now occupies in Crook county, nine 
miles north of Sundance, which section was 
also at that time a new country with but few 
settlers. With characteristic energy he at once 
began to improve his place and build up an in- 
dustry in cattleraising to which he has given 
his strength to good purpose, his ranch being 
in excellent condition and- well provided with 
all the necessary appliances for its purposes, 
and he is contemplating other improvements, 
which will make it one of the most desirable 
homes in his portion of the county. On No- 
vember 3. 1878. he married with Miss Belle 
Watson of Harlan county, Neb., where the mar- 
riage was consummated. She is a native of 
New York of Scotch ancestry, her parents, 
James and Agnes (Morrison) Watson, coming 
to America from their native Scotland soon 
after their marriage, leaving the records and 
traditions of old and useful families behind 
them to build their domestic altar in a new 
world of hope and promise. After a short stay 
in New York City, they came west to Harlan 
countv. Neb., and, settling on a homestead, be- 
gan farming and continued in this occupation 
until the death of the father in 1899, and his 
widow still lives at the old home. Five chil- 
dren have blessed the hearthstone of Mr. Rich- 
ardson : John W.. who c 1 '^ on August 19, 


, aged seventeen years: Clco I 1 ., Ina P... 
\ era !". and York B. He is a Republican in 
politics, hut not an active partisan. 


This \vell-kno\vn cattleraiser and dealer is 
proprietor of probably the best improved ranch 
on the Laramie River within the bounds of Lar- 
amie county, \\'yo. He was born on May 30, 
iSt 2, in Ayr. Scotland, a son of Andrew W. 
and Joanna Ralston, farming people of Ayrshire, 
where the mother died in 1864, her remains be- 
ing' interred in Maybole. The father came to the 
United States in 1879 in the interests of the 
London Insurance Co., and resided in New York 
until death called him away in August 1901, 
when his mortal part was buried in Brooklyn. 
Mr. William H. Ralstnn was educated at Dol- 
lar, Scotland.' where he lived until 1870. when he 
\\ent to New Zealand and engaged in farming 
until tSS}, then coming to Wyoming by way of 
Smith America, the Atlantic ocean and New 
York, and entering the employ of the Tesche- 
macher & DeBillier Cattle Co., and first was 

i charge of the ranches but later was ap- 
pointed range-manager, having tinder his su- 
pervision all of the stock interests, his service ex- 
tending from the spring of 1884 until that of 
i8tj_', when the firm closed out their interests in 
this country and Mr. Ralston purchased their 

ranch, where he now lives at I'va. the 
ranch lying along the Laramie River. He owns 
about n,<x> acres and leases other tracts. Mr. 
Ralsion was united ill marriage on November 
21, iSt;_>, at Cheyenne with Miss Mary E. 
Macfarlane. a nati\e of Montreal. Canada, and 
a daughter of William S. and Mary E. ( Ferrier ) 
Macfarlane. who- ' tors early came from 
Scotland to America and became ver\ promi- 
i it ut in tin- Dominion of Canada ; the grandfather 
i". 1 ehairinaii of the board of directors of 
the Crand Trunk Railway and president of the 

i real ami Lachine l\ail\va\ Co., and a life 
Si n 1 1 or of ( 'anada. The mother of Mrs. Ralston 
died in 1874, and the father in 18X5. The union 

I r. and Mrs. kaNt.m ha-, been blessed with 

i-liild, Marion. 


The hardy, energetic soii.s of the Emerald 
Isle have been most important factors in the 
building of the Cnited States and especial! 
in the development of the states of the lv 
Mountain region, where every branch of its pro- 
gressive activity has been prominently advanced 
by the brains and physical energy of Irishmen. 
It is now our pleasant task to give a brief synop- 
sis of the life incidents of Arthur Robinson. 
was born in Belfast, Ireland, on January i . i 
and after long years of useful activity is now 
quietly living in Kemmerer, \Yyoming, sur- 
rounded by a large number of devoted friends 
and with children and grandchildren to do him 
honor and reverence. His paternal grandfather 
was also Arthur Robinson and the f-vther was 
Benjamin Robinson. He was a skillful boiler- 
maker and in that connection removed to Eng- 
land, where he died in 1851) at the age of fifty- 
five years. His widow Mary ( Arden i Robinson, 
after the death of her husband came to Arkansas 
and made her home with lur oldest daughter. 
Mrs. Jane Ilarsden. passing a quiet and Useful 
life until her death in 1882 at the age of seventy- 
three years. Arthur Robinson had the educa- 
tional advantagi s of the superior schools of Lan- 
cashire. I'.ng.. but early began his long connec- 
tion with the important industry of mining, com- 
mencing to work in the coal mines when only 
ekven years of age. Upon attaining his ma- 
jority in 1 8f> i, he took the very important step 
of crossing the Atlantic to avail himself of the 
wonderful opportunities the United States of- 
fered to honest toil and diligent endeavor, en^.ig- 
;l once upon his arrival in the coal mines of 
Pennsylvania as a skilled miner, thereafter IK-MIL: 
identified with this labor in Maryland. Indiana. 
Illinois, Iowa, Colorado and Wyoming, coming 
to this state in I SS I . lie has possessed the re- 
quisite qualifications f, , r success in life and has 
acquired a valuable properU. taking an active 
and a profitabh interest in mining and in the 
development of the stale's great oil indiistrx. 1 h- 
\\as married at Paris, III., on April 6, iN< 
\li--s Amelia Sinder. a most estimable \\oman 
and ' devoted member of the Methodist church. 


whose greatly lamented death occurred on July 
12. 1890, at the age of thirty-eight years, her 
remains nmv quietly reposing at Twin Creek, 
\Yvo. She was a (laughter of Paden and Nancy 
Snyder, natives of Ohio, and her children were 
Anna, Emma, Elsie, Daisy, Benjamin, Mary and 


The present popular county treasurer of 
Sweetwater county, William Rogers, was born 
in South Wales in 1862, and is a son of Thomas 
and Mary (Jones') Rogers, the former of whom 
\\a- also born in Wales in 1839, was a miner 
by calling and came to the United States with 
a portion of his family in 1869, settled in Be- 
vier, Macon county, Missouri, and there lost 
his life by accident in 1878 while working in the 
mines, he being then but thirty-nine years of 
age. He was a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and was highly esteemed by 
his brethren as well as by his fellow workmen, 
and his loss was deeply deplored by them. Mrs. 
Mary (Jones) Rogers was born, reared and 
married in Wales, and is still living in Bevier, 
Mo. William Rogers came to America in 1871 
and located in Macon county. Mo., where he en- 
gaged in mining and merchandising until 1890, 
when he came to Rock Springs, Wyo., and 
worked at mining until 1902, when he was ap- 
pointed to fill a vacancy in the county treasur- 
ership of Sweetwater county, and from that 
time he has filled the office with ability and to 
the acceptation of all. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, and in his fraternal relations an Odd 
Fellow. Mr. Rogers was united in matrimony 
in 1887 in Bevier, Mo., with Miss Bella Pierce, 
also a native of Wales and a daughter of Sam- 
uel C. and Sarah (Wright) Pierce, and this 
marriage has been blessed with three children, 
Eva, Thomas and Sarah. For five years Mr. 
Rogers was a member of the public school 
board of trustees in Rock Springs, and during 
the whole of this period was the clerk of the 
board. He is a very quiet, frank 'and pleasant 
gentleman, who finds friends wherever he may 

happen to live. He possesses an immense 
unounl of energy and has done his full share 
in the development of \Vyoming, having com- 
menced his labors in this respect when the pres- 
ent state had but a territorial existence, and has 
witnessed its development into one of the 
strong and important members of the National 
Union in the West. In this development he has 
been an important factor, and it may be stated 
that to such men as he is due the growth of the 
nation. To his personal abilities alone is clue 
his success in life, and it may be added that the 
West was largely conducive to his success, in- 
asmuch as his energy met here with keener ap- 
preciation, for men of his caliber are less ob- 
structed here in their business careers than in 
the over-crowded regions of the East, but it 
must also be said that a man of his intelligence 
and accomplishments would reach prominence 
in an}- country or place where Providence saw 
fit to locate him. He is a valuable acquisition to 
any community in which he lives. 


This successful stockman and representative 
citizen of Laramie county, Wyoming, was born 
in the county of Sangamon, 111., on January 7, 
1834, his father, John Rutherford, being a na- 
tive of A^ermont and his mother, whose maiden 
name was Esther Constant, was born in Ken- 
tucky, where her marriage took place. As 
early as 1824 they moved to Sangamon county. 
111., where the father carried on agricultural 
pursuits until his death about ten years later; 
Mrs. Rutherford departed this life in August, 
1866, and in dreamless sleep rests by the side 
of her husband in the old cemetery in Sanga- 
mon county. Alexander Rutherford was but an 
infant when his father died and his early training 
fell to the lot of his mother, who spared no 
pains in bringing him up in the way he should 
go. He attended school winters until arriving 
at young manhood's estate and from the time 
he proved of practical service until his twen- 
tieth year he remained with his mother and 
looked carefullv after her interests. On Octo- 


-'). iS;_>. he was united in marriage at 

infield. 111., with Miss Sarah A. Kent, 
daughter of John and Marietta i. \l\vrs) Kent 
of < ilii'i. and for three' years thereafter he cul- 
tivated the Imme farm in Sangamon county, 
then moving to Io\va wliere he followed agri- 
culuire for three years and then returned to 
Illinois ami again took charge of the old home- 
stead. I'uo years later he ]>urchased a farm 
near his mother's plan-, hut in an adjoining 
comity, on which lie lived and prospered for six 
years, then selling out and moving to Cham- 
paign county where he continued cultivating 
the -oil until 1879, when he disposed of his in- 
terest in Illinois and moved to Costilla county, 

, and engaged in cattleraising until 1886, 
when he changed his location to Boulder, con- 
tinuing at the latter place until iSoi, at which 
time he sought a new field in Laramie county. 
\Yyo.. taking up his present ranch on the 
Platte River, two miles east of Fort Laramie. 
The career of Mr. Rutherford appears to belie 
the old adage that "a rolling stone gathers no 

." for most of his changes have been de- 
cidedly for the better. He now owns a finely- 
situated ranch of over 800 acres, having an 
abundance of water and herbage sufficient to 
maintain much more stock than the place can 
accommodate. His success since moving to 
his present location has been most gratifying. 
and he ranks with the leading, enterprising and 

ressive stockmen of the district, also stand- 
ing well as a citizen, enjoying in a pronounced 
legree the confidence and esteem of the pub- 
lic. To see Mr. Rutherford at his best it is 
neccssar\ to meet him in the quiet of the fam- 
ily circle, for his domestic relations are almost 
ideal and few are so fortunately situated. His 
five surviving children have been provided with 
the ! . ational and social advantages ob- 

tainable. '|"h. ouiig ladies nf refinement 

and culture, popular with the besl element of 
'in! having a large number of friends 
and acquaintance- in society circle- of Laramie 
eir name- are Hester, Lydia. Jen 
nie, \Yttic and Sarah. I ' < .Idest of 

.amil v. and l-'.llen. the I' iiirlh in 

birth of the children, are dead. Xettie, the 
next to the youngest daughter, is the ; 
master of Fort Laramie, and has proven a most 
efficient and popular official. being a talented 
and accomplished \oung lady, well fitted by 
natural endowment and educational discipline 
for the position. Mrs. Rutherford has dis- 
charged well her duties of wifehood and moth- 
erhood, and by her pure life, sterling virtues 
and exemplary character has won an abiding 
place in the affections of the people. 


Among the men of sterling worth residing in 
Laramie county. Wyoming, who have earned 
success by their own effort- and raised them- 
selves to positions of prominence must be num- 
bered Thomas J. Rutlcdge. one of the represents 
tive men of Pine Bluffs. He is a native of the 
Province of Ontario, Can., and the -n of John 
\V. and Mary E. (Pullman) Rutledge, the 
former a native of Ireland and the latter oi Eng- 
land. The parents emigrated from Great 
I'.ritain in childhood to Ontario and there at- 
i ined maturity, the father early acquiring the 
trade of harness making, which he folloued in 
rio until hi- decease in 1863. He is buried 
in Mitchell, Canada, but the mother survives 
and i- making her home with her children in 
Wyoming. Thomas J. Rutledge was born on 
September 17, 1857, attained man's estate in 
i Mitario and received his earlv education in the 
public schools of that province. The loss of 
his father when the -on \ six year 

made it imperative for him to early contribute 
to the support of his mother and the family. 
Pursuing the >tndy of telegraphy while still a 
ion perfected himself in that art 
and at the age of fifteen \car- wa- employed by 
the Montreal Telegraph Co. as thi ipher 

at Mitchell. Out., remaining in this employment 
live years. In 1X711. believing that he could ad- 
vance more rapidly in his chosen on in 
the Cuiti than in Canada, he left Mit- 
ch' 11. and a fter being 
in the eastern portions mum. he came -> 



Nebraska in 1880. There he was employed by 
the Union Pacific Railroail as a telegrapher at 
McPherson, Xeb.. for a short time and then he 
was transferred to Egbert. Wyo.. as the tele- 
graphic operator and also the stati'm agent and 
here he remained on duty until 1884, when he re- 
signed his position for the sole purpose of engag- 
ing in business for himself. Locating his 
present ranch property, about three miles south- 
\\est of Pine Bluffs, he entered with energy into 
ranching and cattleraising in which occupations 
he has since been continuously employed and he 
has met with grand success, being the owner 
of one of the very finest ranches in that sec- 
tion of the state, being well fenced and im- 
proved with modern buildings and with appli- 
ances for carrying on a successful stockraising 
business. He deals largely in both cattle and 
horses, and is counted as one of the substantial 
business men and most progressive citizens of the 
county. On October 23, 1884. at Egbert, Wyo., 
Mr. Rutleclge was united in marriage with Miss 
Minerva Thomas, a native of Ohio, a daughter 
of Daniel and Margaret ( Guycr i Thomas, both 
natives of Pennsylvania. To the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Rutleclge, six children have come to 
bless their life, Frederick, Bessie, Frank, Thom- 
as. Richard and John, all of whom are living. 
The home of this worthy couple is noted for its 
many comforts and evidences of refinement as 
well as for the generous and gracious hospitality 
there dispensed. Mr. Rutleclge is a stanch mem- 
ber of the Republican party and for many years 
has taken an active and prominent part in pub- 
lic affairs. While never seeking office or posi- 
tion for himself, he has ever been earnest and 
enthusiastic in his support of the principles and 
the candidates of his political party. Public spir- 
ited and progressive, successful in business and 
charitable to all, he is one of the most respected 
citizens of his section of the state. 


The son of one of the royal gamekeepers in 
the forests of P>avaria. where he lived until he 
was sixteen years old and having passed almost 

all of his subsequent life in the wild West of 
America, Philip W. Shafer of Boyd, Weston 
county, one of the enterprising farmers who 
have transferred Canyon .Springs Prairie from 
an untrodden wilderness into a highly culti- 
vated garden, has had ample opportunity for 
communion with nature in her various moods 
and manifestations and has well learned the 
lessons she is ever ready to pour into the re- 
ceptive mind. He is a. native of the Father- 
land, born on December 18, 1865, the son of 
John and Mary (Dunn) Shafer, also natives of 
Germany, where their families had lived and 
prospered for generations. His father is now 
and has been for more than forty years a game- 
keeper for the king of Bavaria, and Philip grew 
to the age of sixteen, living amid the scenes of 
his father's duties and attending school, being 
early apprenticed to the trade of a railroad en- 
gineer in accordance with an excellent German 
custom, which entails some useful handicraft 
on every son of the empire, but instead of work- 
ing at his trade in his native land, in 1881 he 
came to America, and after passing two years 
in Xew York City, came west to Tower, Minn., 
soon going from there to the northern shore 
of Lake Superior and doing contract work on 
the construction of the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
road then building. He continued this occupa- 
tion until the spring of 1885 and was then sent 
to the western part of the Dominion as a gov- 
ernment scout on account of the hostility of 
the Indians. From 1886 to 1889 he was in 
North Da'kota engaged in farming and raising 
stock, while the next year was passed at Su- 
perior, Minn., and the next in North Dakota 
as an agent of the Champion Reaper Co. in 
selling and placing machines. In 1891 he came 
to Wyoming and after working for the Cam- 
bria Mining Co., railroading and mining at 
Deadwood for nearly three years in April, 1893, 
he settled on his present i;anch, twenty-five 
miles northeast of Newcastle, and for seven 
years passed his summers in the improvement 
of his ranch and his winters in mining in the 
Black Hills. Since 1900, however, he has given 
his entire time and attention to his farming 

P/?O(;A'/:.V.SVC/- .u/r.v OF WYOMING. 


operations and lias made substantial progress 
in developing and beautifx ing one of tlu- best 
tracts of land on tin- lamous prairie of Canyon 
Springs. Ilis success with farm products and 
cattle has emboldened him to start a new en- 
terprise, bo-raising, which he expects to carry 
mi extensively and energetically. On January 
21. 1^04. Mr. Shafter was married with Miss 
I'.ertha \Y. Spencer, a native of Kansas and 
daughter of George W. and Hattie (Allen) 
Spencer, whose life story is told at some 
length at another place in these pages. The 
Shafers have had four children. ( )ra C., Hatlie 
M., deceased. I'. Morlcy and Martha L. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Shafer is connected with the 
Knights of I'ythias and the Western Federation 
of Miners, holding membership in Incite oi 
ili - orders at Terry, S. D.. and in ]jolitics he 
gives allegiance to the Repnhlican party, but is 
in >t an active partisan. 


One of the foremost mining attorney of 
Wxomiiig. and one who has done much to de 
velop the mining resources of the mining dis- 
trict adjacent to Encampment, is William L. 
Sill, who was horn on May iS. iSjo, in Wis- 
consin, the son of William and Elizabeth 
(Stowe) Sill, the Former a native of the state of 
\"e\\ York and the latter of Vermont The 
father when a young man removed from \ew 
VTork to Wisconsin jn the early fifties and es- 
tablished his home in the city of Xeeiiah. where 
he followed the occupation of millwright and 
erected a number of mills in different portion- 
ol \\iscoiisin. ol which he was a pioneer. I Te 
is still living, retired from active business, and 
enjoying the east' and comlori earned b\ him 
during his Ion- and useful life in tin- stal oi 
his adoption. The paternal grandfather. Fd - 
ward Sill, was a native of ( 'oimect inn . \\lnlc 
tin 1 maternal grand lather. Absalom Stowe. was 
a native of Vermont. William L. Sill grew to 
- estate in his native slate and rcccued his 
early education in its public schools. \fter 

ci.tnpleting his cK meiitar\ studies, he pursued 

a business course at Valparaiso, Ind.. and then 
accepted a position in tin- office of a lumber 
company at Merrill, Wis.. where he remained 
for about three \ears. I hiring this time In- 
saved his earnings to enable him to continue 
his studies with a view to being admitted to the 
bar. and at the end of three years with the 
lumber company lie resigned his position and 
entered the law school at Valparaiso. Ind.. 
where he pursued a thorough course of legal 
study, and was admitted to the bar in iK<>4. He 
then returned to Wisconsin, and engaged in 
legal practice at Xeenah and also at Merrill, 
ci .niimiing in practice here until iSo,S. when he 
removed his residence to the state of Wyoming 
and established his home at Encampment, 
win-re he opened a law-office and has since been 
successful!} engaged in legal p lu con 

nection with the practice of law lie has been 
engaged in mining, and is now largely inter- 
ested in several t>ropcrtics which have every in- 
dication of developing into handsome dividend- 
paxing propositions. He organi/cd the Cascade 
Copper Mining Co., one of the largest pmp- 
i -'es in the district, which is alreadx operating 
very successfully. The Continental > 
Mining Co. and the Gibraltar Copper Mining 
arc also corporations in which he is inter- 
ested. He has made a specialty of mining law. 
ard has met with great success in his profes- 
sion, as \\ell as in the placing of mining prop- 
erties, lie is looked upon as one of the rising 
young men of his section of the state, destini 
take a prominent part in its future business and 
professional life. Fraternally lie is affiliated with 
the Masonic iratcrnilx. Modern Woodmen ot 
America, and the Ki|iiitahle Fraternal I 
and takes an active interest in the fraternal 
life of tin community in which he maintains 
his home. lie has been largeh instrumental 
in attracting the attention of capital to this dis- 
trict of Wvoining. and has done much by his 
enterprise and public spirit to develop ill. 
sources of his count \. Al\va\s active in pro- 
moting the public welfare, and in the : 
of measures calculated to ad\ancc the int.- 
of the eit\ of his residence, he has earned the 

1 62 


iect of all \vho know him, and is held in 
high esteem by all classes of his fellow citizens. 
< n September 16, 1902, occurred the marriage 
of .Mr. Sill with Miss Louise Neel, of Chicago, 
111., a native of Helena, Mont., and daughter of 
Siimuel and Lavinia (Baker) Neel a more ex- 
tended mention of whom will be found on an- 
other page of this work. 


One of the leading citizens of the state of 
Wyoming and one who has done much in lay- 
ing firm the foundations of that commonwealth, 
Hon. Charles W. Bramel, the present judge of 
the Second Judicial District of Wyoming, is 
a native of the state of Virginia, having been 
born there on August n, 1840. In 1844, his 
father disposed of his property in the Old Do- 
minion and removed his residence to Missouri, 
where he established his home in the city of 
St. Joseph. . There his son Charles W. grew to 
manhood and received his early education in 
the public schools of that place. At the age 
of sixteen years, he entered the Bloomington 
College of Missouri, and was graduated from 
that institution of learning as a member of the 
class of '58. After the completion of his college 
course he returned to St. Joseph, and entered 
the law-office of William C. Toole, one of the 
eminent lawyers of the state and pursued the 
study of the law under his competent direction. 
After having been admitted to the bar, he prac- 
ticed his chosen profession in Missouri for a 
number of years with considerable success, and 
in i8>'">7 he determined to seek his fortune in 
the new country farther to the west, and re- 
moved with his family to the then territory of 
Colorado. L'pon his arrival he located in the 
promising town of Georgetown, then one of the 
important commercial centers of the western 
country, and entered upon the practice of law. 
In 1868 he was elected to the office of probate 
judge of Clear Creek county and served one 
term in that position. In the month of De- 
cember, 1869, he changed his abode to Laramie, 
Wyo., and continued in the practice of the law 

at that place with success, in 1872 being nomi- 
nal cd and elected as the prosecuting attorney 
for Albany county, and at the end of his first 
term he was renominated and reelected. At 
the expiration of his second term he was nomi- 
nated and elected as a member of the territorial 
council of Wyoming, and served during the 
sessions of 1874 and 1876. He was a faithful 
and conscientious legislator and many meas- 
ures, laws and enactments beneficial to the 
people and calculated" to promote the welfare 
of the future commonwealth owe their origin 
to his patriotism and statesmanship. In 1877 
and 1878 he was the secretary of the territorial 
council, and by reason of his former service as 
a member of that body, was a most valuable 
and efficient officer. Subsequently he was 
elected as a member of the city council of 
Laramie and also to the position of city attor- 
ney, while during the administration of Gov- 
ernor Osborne he was appointed as judge ad- 
vocate on the governor's staff, with the rank 
of colonel. In 1895 ne was again elected prose- 
cuting attorney of Albany county and still later 
was elected district judge of the Second Judi- 
cial District of Wyoming, which comprises the 
counties of Albany, Natrona and Fremont. As 
a judicial officer, his decisions have been char- 
acterized by firmness and ability, dispensing 
even and exact justice with a spirit of fairness 
and broad charity that have given him a wide 
reputation throughout the state. His course 
upon the bench has won him the approval of the 
bar and the favor of litigants, and has soundly 
established his name in the permanent history 
of the state as one of its representative jurists. 
During his residence in Laramie he has at 
various times been interested in daily and week- 
lv newspapers published at Laramie and also at 
the city of Cheyenne. His Laramie home is 
the center of a gracious and generous hospital- 
ity and he is held in high esteem by all classes 
of his fellow citizens. Unwavering in the en- 
forcement of the laws of the state, progressive 
in his views on all public questions and -en- 
terprising as a private citizen, he is one of 
the foremost men of Wyoming, and his long 


/'A'M(,A'/..s.s7/7: MI1X ()/ UTOMIXG. 

career has furnished a high example of civic 
virtue, alike creditable to himself and In mumble 
tu his state. 


Conspicious among the representative agricul- 
turists of Laraniit- county and enjoying marked 
prestige as a citizen is the \vell-knn\vn and popu- 
lar gentleman, a review of whose life is presented 
iv, the following paragraphs. Patten A. Shepard 
in a native of Rails county, .Missouri, where his 
birth occurred on February 9. 1869. His parents 
William P>. and Nancy (Wilson) Shepard, were 
natives of Indiana but moved to Missouri at 
the close of the Civil War settling in Rails county 
\\lirre they lived until their removal to the county 
of Audrain about 1880. William B. Shepard 
was a farmer and stockraiser and wherever he 
lived earned the reputation of being a good man 
and useful citizen. He followed agriculture in 
Missouri until 1894 when he came to Laramie 
count). \Yyu.. purchasing a farm about two miles 
north of Wheatland where he lived until his re- 
tirement from active life a few years ago. His 
home is now in the town of Wheatland, where in 
n -.1 and i|iiietude lie is enjoying the fruits of his 
many years of activity. .Mrs. Shepard departed 
this life in Missouri and was buried near her 
former home. Patten A. Shepard was reared in 
.Missouri on the home farm and enjo\ed the ad 
vantages of a common school education, lie as- 
sisted his father with the manifold duties ne< 
sarj io the successful prosecution of agricultural 
labor and in 1894 accompanied the family to 
\Yyoming since which time he has been bu-il\ 
engaged cultivating the farm on which they set- 
tled. When his father retired from active life 
he to, .k possession of the place which he now 
owns. lie has brought it to a successful state 
of cultivation, made main valuable improvements 
and b\ industry and good management has hc- 
one of the successful agriculturist^ ;m d re 
pr< .illative men of his coinitv . ( )n June I |. 
i'io<> was solemnized tin- marriage ceremony 
of Mr. Shepard and Miss llnlda Akerbladc . a 

name ol Nebraska and a daughter of Isaac and 

Matilda (Anderson) Akerbladc. both parent* 
having been born in Sweden. Mr. Akerblad' 
\\ife came to the Tinted States in tSuij and for 
some time thereafter lived in I '.r< >okl\ n, X. Y. 
Later they moved to Polk countv. Neb., settling 
at Osceola, where Mr. Akerblade worked at his 
trade of tailoring. Some years ago he changed 
his abode to Laramie county, Wyo., where he is 
still living, bis wife dying at Whcatland, on De- 
cember 29, 1897. Mr. and .Mrs. Shcpard have 
one bright and winsome daughter. Vesta May. 
Mr. Shepard is an earnest supporter of the Re- 
publican part}-, but has no aspirations for official 
honors or public distinction. Fraternally be is 
identified with the Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica, belonging t< i Wheatland Camp. No. 449. 
The family is associated with the best society 
circles of the community, and he is an up-to- 
date farmer with the true western spirit of en- 
terprise, and discharging the duties of citizenship 
as becomes an intelligent and loyal American. 


Among the early pioneers of Wyoming, 
\\bose endeavors and sacrifices in behalf of 
good government did so much in building up 
the institutions of the state, and who have 
passed away from the scenes of their activity, 
no one left behind him a name held in higher 
esteem than did Anen Simmons, the subject of 
this review. Hi' was a type of the best citizen- 
ship of foreign birth, for coming to this country 
at the carl\ a^e of ten years, he brought with 
him from his native country of Norway, the 
habits of thrift. lo\alt\ to principle and fidelity 
to established institutions which characterize 
that hardy race, and \\hich enabled him to carv< 
out for himself in this country of his adopt i..n 
a career which should furnish a model for his 
children and bis children's children for many 
-i nerations. lie \\as born on September I.}, 
lS4S. and emigrated from \ur\\ay to this coun- 
try with his parents in 1X58. the\ first settling in 
Minnesota, near I hilutli. Here the fat bet 
staged in farming for some time, and thii 
moved to lo\\a. \\here he .settled upon a farm 



near Cedar Rapids. The son Anen attended 
the public schools of Minnesota and Iowa, and 
received such early education as the limited op- 
portunities of that time permitted. But the 
most of his studying was done at his home, 
where his habits of industry enabled him to ac- 
quire a good practical education, and he was 
noted in after life for the breadth and accuracy 
of his information. In 1866, when but eighteen 
years of age, filled with an ambition to make 
his own way in the world, and to carve out for 
himself a fortune in the new country of the 
West, he left his Iowa home and came to the 
frontier territory of Nebraska. After remain- 
ing there a short time he continued his journey 
into Wyoming, being the first man to arrive 
at Camp Carlin, at the time the Union Pacific 
Railroad was in construction through that coun- 
try. Here he secured employment as a cook 
for the army officers stationed at that camp, at 
which employment he continued for some time, 
and then removed to Cheyenne, Wyo., and in 
1869 opened the Eagle Hotel in that city. This 
was one of the first hotels of Cheyenne, and he 
conducted it successfully and prosperously for 
five years until his hotel building was destroyed 
by fire in 1874. Not discouraged by his loss, 
the following year he erected a larger and bet- 
ter building on the same site, and continued to 
conduct a popular hotel business. His hotel 
was located on Seventeenth street and was one 
of the leading hostelries of Cheyenne.' In 1886 
he disposed of his hotel property at a handsome 
figure, and purchased the fine ranch now owned 
and conducted by his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lawrence Simmons, and their son, William A. 
Simmons, on the Middle Crow Creek, about 
twenty-one miles west of Cheyenne, and here 
he continued to be engager! successfully in cat- 
tleraising until his lamented death, which oc- 
curred on June 19, 1899, and he was buried in 
the city of Cheyenne, the capital of the state 
which was the scene of the activities of his busy 
and useful life. On September 13, 1871, at the 
city of Cheyenne, Mr. Simmons was united in 
marriage with Miss Elizabeth Lawrence, and the 
daughter of John and Mary (Pierce) Lawrence, 

both natives of England where she was born. 
The father was a mechanic for long years in his 
native country. He emigrated to America in 
1857 and settled first at De Soto, Wis., as a 
mechanic. In 1868 he removed his residence 
to Nebraska and established himself in business 
at Columbus. Here he remained until 1885, 
when he went on a visit to his old home in Eng- 
land and while there was taken with sudden ill- 
ness and died, leaving considerable property at 
his home in Columbus, Neb. The mother is 
still living and makes her residence in Cheyenne. 
Two children were born to bless the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Simmons, Alena, who died at the 
age of eight years and is buried at Cheyenne, 
and William A., who resides on the home ranch 
and admirably carries on the business estab- 
lished by his father. Anen Simmons was a 
stanch adherent of the Republican party, ever 
loyal to its principles and its candidates. Dur- 
ing his residence in Cheyenne he took an active 
and leading part in public affairs, and his sup- 
port was eagerly sought by those ambitious to 
be elected to public office. He never sought 
or desired any political position for himself, 
preferring to devote his time and ability to the 
management of his private affairs. He was a 
whole-souled, deserving and successful man, 
whose judgment was seldom in error and whose 
friendship was valued by all. He was true to 
his friends, faithful to his obligations and un- 
failing in his support of every measure calcu- 
lated to benefit the community or promote the 
public welfare. His industry and ability accu- 
mulated a handsome fortune for the loved ones 
whom he left behind. His widow, compelled 
by delicate health to remove from Wyoming 
after the death of her husband, now resides in 
the beautiful city of San Jose, California, where 
she has a pleasant home and is surrounded by 
all the comforts that wealth and the devotion 
of her children can supply, being a devout mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and deeply in- 
terested in its works of charity and religion. 
The son. William A. Simmons, under whose 
management the Wyoming business is now con- 
ducted, and who resides at the old home at 



Hecla, is one of the prominent young business 
men of the state and a worthy successor of his 
father. Since the death of the latter the son 
has had entire charge of the business, and has 
carried it on along the lines mapped out by the 
father with marked ability and success. He 
has steadily added to the value of the property 
and is destined to become one of the wealthy 
men of Wyoming. On April 3, 1901, he 
Vd with Miss Marie H. Laubli, a native of 
Switzerland, the ceremony taking place in 
Cheyenne. Their home is one noted for its 
many comforts and evidences of refinement, 
and they find pleasure in here dispensing a 
generous and gracious hospitality. Mr. Sirr- 
mons is affiliated with the Modern Woodmen 
of America, and with the Woodmen of the 
World, holding membership at Cheyenne. Po- 
litically, like his father, he is a stanch member 
of the Republican party and a loyal supporter 
of its principles. 


While Wyoming is more generally known 
by reason of its great mineral productions, un- 
developed mines and natural resources, it also 

- ,-' h'jji reputation for extensive ranches 
devoted to the production of high grade cattle, 
horses and sheep, an industry that has engaged 
tin attention of capitalists from abroad and 

the means of placing the thrifty settler in 
the front rank of prosperity. Agriculture has 
also come rapidly to the front as one of the 
chief sources of wealth and in connection with 
the stork business it has served as the founda- 
tion of general prosperity and not infrequently 
of fortune to those engaged in it. Among the 
successful agriculturists and stockmen of 
Larami.- county, who have won recognition and 
added luster to the localities in which they re- 
side. Alfred Smith of Hanks is a conspicuous 
example. ITe comes of an old eastern family 
and traces bis genealogy in this country to an 
early period in the history of Xew Jersey. Ills 

its, Peter and Mary (Daly'i Smith, both 
native'- of that state. soon after their marriage 

went to Xew York, and in 1832 to Champaign 
county, Ohio, where the father engaged in farm- 
ing and there and in Logan county he lived and 
flourished until 1850, when he sold his inter- 
ests and removed to Mahaska county, la., 
where he followed farming until his death on 
June 26, 1891, his wife surviving him until 1895, 
when she, too. was laid to rest in the cemetery 
at Oskaloosa. Their son Alfred passed his 
childhood and youth on the family homestead 
in Iowa, where he was born on March i, 1853, 
enjoying such educational privileges as the pub- 
lic schools afforded and remaining at home 
until nearly eighteen years old, assisting his 
father with the varied labors on the farm. In 
1871 he went to Marshalltown and found em- 
ployment as a farm hand and continued work- 
ing in that capacity until 1875, when after 
spending the winter in Missouri, he returned 
home and again assisted his father on the farm. 
From the fall of 1876 until 1883 he resided in 
Illinois, when he once more took up his abode 
in his native county as a farmer. This business 
he conducted there with success until some 
years later he located in Scott's Bluff county. 
Neb., where he took up land and devoted his at- 
tention to farming until April, 1893, when he 
came to Wyoming, there entering the employ 
of the Swan Land & Cattle Co., as foreman of 
Rock ranch on the Platte River and holding 
this important position until December 3, 1901, 
when he resigned and took up his residence on 
an adjoining ranch which had come into his 
possession in 1807. Previous to locating on 
his own place he erected thereon a fine two- 
story stone dwelling, fitted with modern con- 
veniences, ii being the first and by far the 
largest and most complete structure of the 
.in i he Platte River, lie also built substai 
barns and other outbuildings, and made other 
essential improvements so as to properly equip 
the place for properly carrying on farm- 
ing and stockraising on an extensive scale. In 
addition to his home place, which o 

< if rich tillab! r.vent v-three r 

i he i wns 39 

I'.lnff county, Xeb. lie is deeply and earnestly in- 


terested in breeding ami rearing fine grades of 
livL 1 stock ami has large herds in excellent con- 
i. He has spared no pains or expense in 
beautifying and adding to the attractiveness of 
his elegant home, and having one of the finest 
landed estates in the county, he is well situated 
to enjoy the fruits of his many years of labor 
and success. In numerous ways Mr. Smith has 
exhibited a public spirit and that desire for the 
general good which marks him as a man of 
broad and enlightened ideas, one that intuitively 
sees the needs of the community and suggests 
the means of providing for them speedily and 
effectively. He has been a stimulating force 
to his people and through his influence the ma- 
terial interests of his section have been largely 
enhanced and its social conditions correspond- 
ingly benefited. He is widely known and highly 
esteemed and his dealings with his fellowmen 
have been characterized by the integrity and 
sense of honor always to be found in the true 
gentleman and the really enterprising and wise 
man of affairs. He was married at Toulon, 111., 
on December 24, 1881, with Miss Mattie Mc- 
Compsey. daughter of Charles and Mary C. 
(Godfrey) McCompsey, natives of Illinois but 
now residents of Scott's Bluff county, Neb. The 
Smiths have an interesting family of five chil- 
dren, Eunice, Benjamin F., Ada, Ettie and 


Among the successful and industrious ranch- 
men of his section of the state. Mr. Joseph R. 
Slaughter is one of the most popular. For 
over twenty years he has maintained his home 
in Wyoming and is a true pioneer, for he has 
been during all these years connected with stock- 
growing, and knows full well all that life can 
present in that field of endeavor, in which he has 
attained prosperity and the good opinion of his 
associates. He was born in Athens county, 
Ohio, on February 5, 1860, the son of John and 
Mary (Durant) Slaughter, the father being a 
native of the same state and the mother of 
Pennsvlvania. The familv came to Denver when 

Joxrph was but a few months old, so that prac- 
tically all his life has been passed in the West, 
his father living within a short time after mak- 
ing ( 'olnrado his home, after which the mother 
with an older daughter and her young son made 
her residence in Denver, there remaining and 
being the mother of two sons by a second mar- 
riage, and all of them retain their home in Col- 
orado. The early youth of Mr. Slaughter was 
passed in Boulder and Longmont, Colorado, and 
in 1878, he went to the eastern , portion of the 
state, where he remained until the fall of 1880, 
and then came to Wyoming, in which state he 
has since resided, and was employed on a ranch 
situated northeast of Cheyenne for a year, then 
coming to Converse county, he was in the em- 
ploy of the H Company for nearly ten years as 
a range rider, he being well fitted for and enjoy- 
ing that strenuous life. Having by this time ac- 
quired a thorough and practical knowledge of the 
range and its possibilities in the way of stock- 
raising, he engaged in business for himself, de- 
voting his attention largely to the sheep industry, 
but also having a bunch of cattle, taking up a 
homestead on Deer Creek, where he continued to 
make his headquarters until 1900, then selling 
this property, he in association with O. A. Pat- 
zold purchased 960 acres of land on Box Elder 
and Willow creeks and they have since con- 
ducted the sheep business there with success arid 
a rapidly increasing prosperity, usually running 
10,000 head. Mr. Slaughter thoroughly under- 
stands his business and is in constant touch with 
all the improvements of the day in relation to 
Wyoming's great agricultural resources, being 
a member of the executive committee of the 
Glenrock Wool Growers' Association. In fra- 
ternal relations he is a master mason and a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America, 
ami the Woodmen of the World. His sympa- 
thies are actively in favor of the Republican po- 
litical party, was elected a member of the lower 
house of the seventh state legislature from Con- 
verse count}- in November, 1902. Being a 
progressive man and a good citizen he 
has many friends. Mr. Slaughter has been 
twice married, first on June 21, 1886, to. Mrs. 

/'A''M,A-/:'.y.s7/"/:" MEN Ol : WYOMING. 

1 6- 

Klla Slaymaker, a sister of Mrs. ('lias. Rice of 
l.a 1'rele. (s L -c sketch). She died "ii February 
ni, i8i;o, and on Jnlv 10, 1901, he married \\ith 
Miss Emma Kimhall, a daughter of T ? .. II. and 
Kli/aheth M. I Smith I Kimhall. of whom ex- 
tended mention is made on other pages nf this 
book. Air. and Mrs. Slaughter maintain their 
he mie in Glenrock. 


The prolific grain and hay region of Wyo- 
ming, known as Canyon ('reek I'rairie. yields 
abundant harvests to the toil and hopes of the 
husbandman. Nature there is generously prov- 
ident, asking only that her reasonable require- 
ments in the way of care in planting and judg- 
n eril in cultivation be met, and she responds 
with the fullness of plenty t<> all proper efforts. 
The needs of the Mvtioii in this respect are 
\\ell supplied by the energetic, progressive and 
d : ligeiit population whom favoring fortune 
has led to its fertile acres; and among them. 
conspicuous for skillful farming and judicious 
activity in stockraising, is Irvin X. Smith. \\lio 
has come to his present estate through efforts 
in many lines of work and several promising lo- 
calities, lie was born at Carlinville. Macoupin 
county. 111., on January y>. 18(15, the son of John 
and Louisa (Clark) Smith, also natives of Illi- 
nois. The father was a prosperous farmer in 
Macoupin county until 1882 when he rcmn\.<l 
with his family to Hamilton county, Xeb., and 
there took up land on which he lived and farmed 
until his death in August. 1808. and the mother 
is still living there. Mr. Smith received hi- 
edncation in the public schools ,,f his native 
connt\. and in |88_>. when he was seventeen, 
he accompanied his parents to their new homi 
in Nebraska, remaining witli them until he was 
of age and working on the farm. In 1887 he 
began his advance toward his present home. 
pas-Jug two years in Colorado, working in 
different parts of the stab < m-rallv on 

i aches. lie then came to \Vvoining and after 
working one season in a hotel at I'.nffalo. [Q 
' at I 'amliria. attracted hv its Coal mines 

in which he worked for eight years. In 1807 he 
homcsteaded a part of his prc-ent ranch on t an- 
\on Springs I'rairie, nineteen miles northeast 
nf Xewcasile. and from that lime he has de- 
bited his energies to ranching and cattle-raising, 
building up a profitable industry and adding to 
his estate- until he now has 480 acres, a large 
portion being under cultivation and yielding ex- 
cellent crops of grain, hay. potatoes and other 
farm products, the residue providing a desir- 
able range for his cattle. Mr. Smith is looked 
upon as a leading man in his lines and his aid 
and advice in matters of public local interest 
are much sought and valued, while in politics 
he is an active Democrat and gives his party 
good service. < >n Fcbnian. Jo. 1 887. at Hamp- 
ton, Neb., he was married with Miss Xannie 
Zook. a native of Illinois and daughter of David 
and Lydia (Shick) Zook. Her father was a 
farmer in < >hio and afterwards in Nebraska. 
For a number of years In- was also engaged 
in business in Hampton as a dealer in agricul- 
tural nil] ileiiii nts. l-'or some years now he has 
bi living retired from active pursuits, en- 
joying the rest he has richly earned, surrounded 
by a large bodv of admiring friends and fellow 
citizens. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have two chil- 
dren. S. Klgin and 1,. Ariel. Their home is a 
renter of generous hospitality and thev have 
a host of friends throughout the surrounding 
country, just in the prime of life, with all his 
faculties in full vigor and secure in the esteem 
iif 'his fellowmeii. Mr. Smith has a promising fu- 
ture oi credil and usefulness betore him. 


\ pioneer oi \\ \<>tiung. settling within her 
wild and unbrol en domain in I 8o< i when the 
adventurous foot of the while man was- first 
imading it. John R. Smith, one of the leading 
Stockmen and farmers and an influential and 
productive force in public local affairs in John- 
son county, has seen the beginning of the 
slate's historv, has \\atehcd her progress, has 
aided in the development of her civil, industrial 
and commercial institutions and has helped ma- 



terially to form and build IKT political ami edu- 
caiiiinal institutions. I IV was born in I'.elinont 
county, Ohio, on April 25, 1844, the son of 
George and Elizabeth (Shoup) Smith, the: for- 
mer a native of Maryland and the latter of 
Germany. 'When he was eleven years old he 
removed with his parents to Indiana and there 
lived until iSOi. attending school and assisting 
on the farm. When the great cloud of the Civil 
\\ ar darkened our land he promptly enlisted in 
defense of the Union in Co. H, (Morton Rifles) 
Thirty-fourth Indiana Regiment, and served 
four years and seven months, participating in 
many hard fought battles, even to the very 
latest struggle, in which he bore' a creditable 
part. He was the color-bearer of his regiment, 
and always in the thick of the fight. He also 
saw arduous and very trying service against 
the Indians, and bears upon his body the scars 
from wounds received on the field. After the 
close of the war he came to Wyoming, es- 
tablishing headquarters where the town of 
Buffalo now stands and conducted a freight- 
ing business between Fort Phil Kearney and 
Fort Smith for a time and later between Sedg- 
wick in Kansas and Denver and Golden in 
Colorado, thereafter returning to Wyoming and 
locating at Horseshoe near Fairmount, there 
engaging in farming and raising stock until 
the Indians burnt him out, when he went to the 
mining districts and mined for a short period, 
then entered the service of the U. S. govern- 
ment carrying despatches from Camp Stam'ba 
to Fort Washakie. In this vocation he had 
many thrilling adventures with the Indians and 
constantly carried his life in his hands. The 
savages were hostile, alert and determined ; he 
was vigilant, courageous and resourceful. He 
triumphed over all their arts, demonstrating the 
superiority of the trained intellect over natural 
cunning. In 1876 he joined General Crook's 
expedition against the savages, coining with 
this great commander to Wyoming as a scout. 
He also conducted a sutler's store in this cam- 
paign and later had a contract to furnish beef 
for Crook's army. In 1887 he settled where he 
now lives, locating on the first government land 

taken up in the neighborhood and digging the 
iirst irrigating ditch in this part of the coun- 
try. From the first he has been actively en- 
gaged in raising cattle and horses and iinpi-'>v- 
liis land. He now owns 720 acres, admir- 
ably adapted to ranching, and here breeds fine 
Percheron horses, conducting the business with 
vigur and success. In politics Mr. Smith is an 
ardent and zealous Democrat, but in local af- 
fairs is more of a patriot than a partisan. He 
was one of the first board of commissioners for 
Johnson county and helped to organize the 
new county and his war experience and the as- 
sociations and recollections belonging to it 
have made him a loyal and enthusiastic mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. In November, 1870, he 
married with Miss Agnes D. Delaney, a native 
of Ireland. They have four children, Alfred M., 
a prominent stockman of Johnson county ; 
Mary E., Wyoming and George E. All are 
natives of Wyoming and residents of the state, 
contributing to its advancement and adorning 
its citizenship. 


A typical representative of the best element 
of Xew England life, Oliver C. Smith is a 
scion of one of the oldest Colonial families of 
Massachusetts. His ancestors were among the 
early English emigrants of that grand old com- 
monwealth and their names figure prominently 
in the early annals of New England. Oliver 
Smith, his great-grandfather, held a captain's 
commission in the American army of the Revo- 
lution and was one of four brothers that took 
part in that struggle. He was born in the 
Massachusetts Colony, where his father settled 
in 1636. Among the children of Captain Smith 
was a son, also named Oliver, whose birth oc- 
curred in Walpole, Mass., in 1762. He joined 
the Colonial army at the age of sixteen and 
distinguished himself for brave and gallant 
service in the Revolutionary army until inde- 
pendence was secured. When a young man 
he married Hannah Fails and turned his atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits which he followed 



until his death. David Smith, sun of Oliver 
;ui<l llannali Smith, was horn in \Yalpole mi 
:ar\ 26, 17'iS. and also full' >wing fanning 
as a \ocation. lie tuarrii-il -Miss Maria Cook, 
whose hirth occurred at \\ivniliain, Mass., in 
i -MM, and died \vln i! his son, of whom we now 
write, was about eight years <il,l. Mrs. Smith 
\\as the daughter of Reuben Cook, born in 
1 71 iS, the son of Daniel Cook, both natives of 
the < >ld I'.ay Stale. Reuben was also a tiller of 
the >oil and passed most of his life near the 
i if his birth and died at Belchertown in 
tS)i|, Mrs. Smith dying in 1877. She was a 
woman MI sin m- mentality, beautiful Christian 
character and actuated by a laudable ambition 
to succeed in the world and to have her children 
win useful stations in life. 1 )avid Smith is re- 
meinbered as a kind-hearted, good-natured 
man, whose aim in life was to provide well for 
his famih and do the right as he saw and under- 
Sl I the right. lie was industrious, honor- 
able and upright, and a must excellent and ex- 
emplars citizen. Oliver C. Smith, the direct 
subject uf this review, was born in Pelham, 
Mass., on April n,, iS_>5. Early deprived of 
a father's care he was reared by his mother, 
who spared no pains in looking after his edu 
catiuti and instilling into his young mind those 
principles <if niiiral rectitude by which his life 
has been so largclv ei nit rolled. He was reared 
to -hare the labors and pleasures incident to 
farm life and after acquiring a preliminary 
training in the common schools, continued his 
.iiiini in Amhersi \eadeiny, an insi ii in n m 
noted f' ir the high i in ii in. On 

c|uitting sehiml Mr. Smith taught for two years 
in I >range county. X. Y., and then took up 
the carpenter's trade \\hich In- followed for six 
years in bis native state, then engaging in rail- 
l, taking contracts in various 

pan- M|" Hi,' United States and continuing tilt- 
work until about iS74. \\hen lie came to I\'<>H, 
Springs, \\\i>.. and entered th< itile luisi- 

Ile was one of the pioneer merchants 
MI' Roi-k Springs and ilid a large and lucrative 
business, by diligent application and successful 
management, amassing a cumpetenec of suf- 

ficient magnitude to enable him to pass the 
remainder of his life in honorable retirement, 
retiring at the close uf the nineteenth century. 
His life has been a notable example of 
sound and correct business principles which 
secure success and retain public confidence and 

i em, and no man in Rock Springs en 
in greater measure the high regard of all 
classes of people or has shown himself more 
worth\- of this regard. Mr. Smith has been 
twice married, the first time in 1845, at Enfield, 
Mass., with Miss Jane Rass, a daughter of Rev. 
Robinson C. and Mary Ann (I'ickum) Rass. 
The father being a native of Smithfield, R. k. 
and for many years an able minister of the 
r>aptist church, passing nearly all his active life 
in Massachusetts and dying in 1X50, at the age 
of fifty, his wife living to he eighty-six years 
old. Mrs. Smith departed this life in [862, 
leaving five children. Mrs. Henrietta Thayer, 
Eugene. Airs. Fannie Gable, Gilbert and Oliver. 
Mr. Smith's second marriage was solemn 
in 1 80S with Lucy \Yellman, who bore him one 
daughter, Fredda. In n>ot the angel of death 
again invaded the household! and took there- 
from this devoted and faithful wife, leaving him 
desolate indeed. Cheered by an abiding faith 
in I lim who doeth all things well and believing 
that the at'tlictions and bereavements of ibis 
life are a part of God's wisch ordained plans, 
he bows submissively beneath the rod. looking 
forward to a joyful reunion under happier con 
ditions than the .poor earth-life can afford. Mrs. 
Smith was a devoted Christian huh. whose life, 
1 1 nis, crated to th< ser ice of the Master, was 
inlhiential for great good in the home, the 
church and the c, unmunil \ . Mr. Smith 
man of Mnmg religions convictions and abid- 
ing faith. Me helped to organi/e the first 
church established in Rock Springs and ha- 
been an acihe member to the present time. I I<- 
has also been quite prominent in public and 
political affairs and for eleven years faithfully 

I as |ios|niasier of his cit\. I le p. iSS 
a cultivated mind, enriched by stmh and in- 
telligent observation, and has long been a leader 
in local intellectual circles. In private life he 



i> Denial, urbane and a courteous gentleman 
(if the ulil .-chool. Ills attractive home is the 
center of a free and genuine hospilaliu ; hen-, 
surrounded by friends endeared to him by 
years of kind deeds and agreeable association, 
he finds that solace and repose in the inter- 
change of neighborly offices without which life 
would be divested of much of its charm. 


I 'rominent among the progressive ranch- 
men and cattlemen in the Reclwater section of 
Crook county, where he conducts farming and 
a stock ranch, where he is raising cattle and 
horses, leading the pleasant life of a country 
gentleman, William F. Smith has been one of 
the developing and inspiring forces of mental, 
moral and commercial advancement for his 
county and one of the political agencies which 
have given its public policy proper trend and 
healthy growth. He is a native of Wallasey, 
Cheshire, England, where he was born on June 
26, 1845, a son of Samuel and Mary ( Farrall) 
Smith, also natives of that interesting region. 
1 1 is father was an intelligent and influential 
farmer who came with his family to the United 
States in 1850, landing at Xew Orleans and 
proceeding from there to Warren county, 
Ohio, where he again engaged in farming for 
five years, in 1855 removing to Audubon county, 
Inwa, then on the far frontier, where he took 
up government land and followed his customary 
vocation until his death in 1869, his devoted 
wife preceding him to the spirit world in 1857. 
Their son William F. Smith was educated in 
the schools of Audubon county and Des 
Moines, Iowa. In 1861 he enlisted in Co. L, 
Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and followed the flag of 
his adopted country through the awful experi- 
ences of the Civil War, being honorably dis- 
charged on September 2. 1865. Most .of his 
service was in the department of the Mississippi 
under General Grant, and in the battles fought 
by that great commander he bore himself with 
conspicuous bravery, especially at Vicksburg, 
where as a sharpshooter he was exposed to con- 

Mant danger of death and in 1864 In- was pro- 
moted to company bugler. At the close of the 
war Mr. Smith's restless energy required suitable 
otciipatimi amid the fruitful pursuits of peace. 
fur his four years service in the field, which be- 
gan when he was sixteen and brought him to 
face a brave and determined foe in more than 
twenty battles and a large number of skirmishes, 
and gave him every form of military experience 
where hardship, privation or hazard was at 
hand, had for a time at least, unfitted him for 
a humdrum life. He engaged in commercial 
business but soon finding this too monotonous, 
sold out his interest and drove an ox team 
across the plains to Denver, finding in the trip 
the very spice of danger that his spirit required. 
In Colorado he went to work on a ranch at 
$52 a month and his board and from that time 
until the summer of 1884, when he located on 
the homestead near Spearfish which he now oc- 
cupies, he was oscillating between the West 
and the East, now living at his old home in 
Exira, Iowa, and again at Cheyenne, where he 
found the population too tough for his enjoy- 
ment, then he was at the end of the Union 
Pacific tracks at Medicine Bow River and next 
at Iron Mountain, whither he went with Her- 
man Haas for a load of iron ore to be sent 
east for analysis, braving the dangers of hostile 
Indians who were then on the warpath, elud- 
ing their vigilance by traveling at night, secur- 
ing his load of ore and returning safely with 
it to Cheyenne, in Colorado, working on 
the same ranch that had previously had his 
services, at Greeley, at Bentonville, Ark., back 
in Iowa, where he was married on January I. 
1873, with Miss C. A. Hamlin of Exira, return- 
ing \\itli his bride to Greeley and remaining un- 
til May, 1879, when he again took up his resi- 
dence in Iowa and for two years farmed his 
father-in-law's farm. In 1881 his health failed 
and he applied for a pension for disabilities in- 
curred in service. He received this in 1882, the 
arrears amounting to $1,317. and, buying a 
team with necessary equipment, he started in 
December, 1883, for the Black Hills of Wyo- 
ming 1 , wintering near Chamberlain. S. D., and 


arriving at Spcartish early in the following 
spring. Near there he took up a preeni] ii i. m 
claim of 160 acres, bought twenty-one head of 
cattle and went to work as a fanner; later tak- 
ing up a homestead claim of 160 acres adjoining 
his preemption, and he is still living on the land. 
conducting a fanning and stock business of 
expanding value and importance, improving his 
land and its appurtenances and keeping its ap- 
pliances up-to-date in every particular. Not- 
withstanding his busy and adventurous life, 
Mr. Smith has never lost interest in public af- 
fairs, contributing freely of his time and energy 
to the welfare of every enterprise for the ad- 
vancement of the community. He is an ardent 
Republican in politics, and has done yeoman 
service in the cause of his party in many hotly 
contested campaigns. He has served his peo- 
ple as road supervisor, is now school trustee, 
and in November, 1900, was elected to the state 
legislature by a majority of n/> votes, this being 
twenty-five or thirty more than his party's 
strength. Mr. Smith has high standards of 
conduct and is a gentleman of character and 
standing. He is a total abstainer from intoxi- 
cants, never gambles or sports in any way and. 
like his father and all other members of his 
family, has never been arrested or had a law- 
suit. His family consists of himself, his wife, 
three sons and one daughter. The (laughter, 
[rene J.. is a popular teacher, and he has one 
adopted daughter, Lillie. aged 15 years. The 
eldest son, William Edwin, was born in Colo 
rado in 1874; Ralph Farrall in 1878: Charles 
Farrall in Crook county, Wyo.. in 1884. Two 
of (be brothers of .Mr. Smith were also soldiers 
for the I'nion in the Civil War. each serving 
four years, and another could not go because 
too \oniig. The post office of Farrall. which 
Mr. Smith had established and which bears 
Ills mother's maiden name, was conducted by 
him for four years and a half. Mis home has 
been a center of generous but unostentatious 
liospitalii \ , Diving cheerfulK to the guest and 
stranger alike the best of its entertainment, 
and I'rom it have emanated intlncnccs of great 
benefit to (lie community in loxiering schools. 

churches and other moral agencies, healthful 
commercial enterprises and ever) element of 
safe and substantial progress. A candid, out- 
spoken man. of" positive convictions and fearless 
coin-age in asserting them, Mr. Smith is free 
Iroin the despotism of opinion, both from 
others over him and from him over others. 


A successful stockman of Albany count}-. 
Wyoming, and one who is prominent in the 
( irand Army circles of the state as well as in 
the councils of the Republican party. Charles 
I 1 '. Sodergreen is one of the leading citi/eiis of 
Woods Landing, Wyo. Horn in 1842 he is 
a native ot Sweden, and the son of Charles and 
Susanna ( Johnson i Sodergreen, both natives of 
the same country. His father was born in 1817 
ai/d followed the occupation of farming in his 
native country until 185-2. when he came to 
America. Here be first established his home 
near the city of Jamestown. N. V.. and there 
engaged in fanning for about one \ ear. when 
he removed his residence to Warren county. 
Pa., there continuing agricultural pursuits and 
i eliding until his death in 10,01. The mother 
was born in 1818 and was the parent of four 
children, two boys and two girls, and passed 
away in Warren county. I 'a., in l8d[. her 
maiden name being Johnson. The subject of 
this sketch received his early education in the 
public schools of Warren county, I 'a., availing 
himself of such limited educational opportuni- 
ties as were at his command. In iSdi li. 
sponded to the call of President Lincoln for 
troops to defend the integrity of the Cnion 
and enlisted in Co. ! >. (me Hundred and 
Eleventh I 'a. Regiment, for service in the 
Civil War. lie served for ovei om year and 
then was seriottsb wounded at the battle of An- 
tictam and taken to the army hospital at Smoke- 
town, Md.. where he remained for some time re- 
covering from tlv efTects of bis injuries, and in 
180^ he \\as mustered out of the service On 
COUnl of his \\oniids and returned to his Warren 
COlinty home. Here lie resided as a farmer until 



iSi.S, when believing that he could improve his 
itinn and possibly make his fortune in 
the new country then being opened to settle- 
nieni wesl "l" the Missouri River, he came to 
the city of Cheyenne, Wyo., and for about two 
months he was en mg to secure the best 

information as to a place for location and then 
came to the city of Laramie. He resided here 
about one year and then accepted a position 
in the construction department of the Union 
Pacific Railroad in western Wyoming, and was 
engaged in that employment about one year. 
In 1870 he removed to Colorado and remaining 
there for one year he returned to Wyoming and 
to Laramie, once more entering the employ of 
ihe I ni'in Pacific. He continued in this labor 
until iS"4, making his headquarters at Laramie. 
In 1874 he purchased a ranch and engaged in 
raising horses and cattle, and this profitable 
line of endeavor he has continued to the pres- 
ent time, and has met with marked success, 
being the owner of a fine ranch of over 1,400 
acres of land, well improved, fenced and pro- 
vided with the buildings and appliances for suc- 
cessful stockraising. He owns a large herd of 
cattle of the finest graded quality and takes 
especial pride in his stock of three-fourths Here- 
ford and one-fourth Durham, finding that cross 
to produce animals of the best grade, and his 
herd is a noted one in that section of Wyoming. 
In 1872 Mr. Sodergreen was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Johana M. Headmall. a native of 
S\\eden and the daughter of Johnson Headmall, 
a respected citizen of that country. To their 
union was born one child, William, who is still 
living. She passed away in 1891, and is buried 
at Laramie. In 1893 he was again married, 
his present wife having been Miss Tillie Ander- 
son, also a native of Sweden. They have one 
son, Axel L. Mr. Sodergreen is an active mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, deeply 
interested in all matters affecting the welfare 
of that great organization. Politically, he is 
a stanch adherent of the Republican party, 
prominent in the councils of that party in 
Albany county. He is one of the most highly 
respected citizens of his section of the state. 


It requires the highest natural ability and a 
constructive energy of unusual force to produce 
a self-made man even in these days of Amer- 
ica's wonderful opportunities, and when we find 
a man of that character it becomes at once a 
matter of public interest to know how and by 
what means he has climbed the ladder of suc- 
cess and attained a marked prominence in busi- 
ness and social circles. The career of William 
H. Solliday of Opal, Wyoming, offers us ample 
material for such a story. He was born in Mont- 
gomery county, Pa., nine miles from Philadel- 
phia, on June 25, 1852, the son of Sylvester and 
Sarah (Krier) Solliday, the father being a na- 
tive of Berlin, Germany, and the mother of Irish 
extraction. Sylvester Solliday was a well-ed- 
ucated man and a cabinetmaker of more than 
ordinary skill. With strong mental powers and 
force, he had many original ideas and did not 
care whether his thoughts- and expressions found 
favor with others or not. He was a veteran of 
the Confederate army, was placed under arrest 
as a confederate in the plot of assassinating Pres- 
ident Lincoln, and died soon after the close of 
the Civil War, his widow surviving him until 
September, 1877, when she closed her eyes to 
earthly scenes in the old Pennsylvania home. 
They had thirteen children, of whom William 
H. was the sixth, and five are now living. The 
devastations of the Civil War made an early im- 
pression on the life of the subject of this review. 
His parental home was in the state of Delaware, 
exactly in the line of the advance of the northern 
troops, who freed the negroes and destroyed all 
the destructible property on the home estate and 
forced the family from their home as fugitives. 
Mr. Solliday was then a lad of but ten years, 
and with a maturity far beyond his years he 
commenced the struggle for existence for him- 
self by making his way to Texas where he was 
engaged on a cattle ranch until 1873, in the free 
life of the range developing those powers of 
endurance and hardihood that have been pow- 
erful aids to his success. In 1873 ne went to 
Nebraska, continuing range riding there until 



N then coming to Wyoming he followed the 

same vocation until 1890, acting also as a nics-en- 

i Beckwifh, ijuinn & G>., from 

to 1885. Daring, resolute and courageous, he 

- ed thi ry elements of character to 

: ' rvices most valuahk .1 a -upporter 

', of ordei and for four years of his 

: lifi ,i i t capable deputy sheriff 

'- Shi-riff Joseph Kane. The education of 
schi mis and il s were denied to .Mr. 

Solliday, yet in the school of actual experience 
and through ' >!>scr\ '.atii >n and his own efforts he 
has received a better education for his purposes 
that obtained solely from books. In 1896 
he engaged in the liven, feed and stage busi- 

and forthwith found his ser 

and teams in great demand in the transportation 

nrists to the National Park. He has been 

nd acquired enough of this world's 

Is to be counted among the leading and solid 

men of his section of the state. He is now the 

owner of the livery and of the saloon, both well 

ropertics. has quite a large interest in 

tl'i- Hydro-Carbon < o., owning and controlling 

2O.OOO acres of the most valuable oil. gas and 

coal lands, located near the fossil nil Ik-Ids of 

MM county, and other properties of value. 

llei ., the country's pr 

ll imer i- i ing, 

and as he has always taken a part 

h' public matters. In- ha- been able to ai 
much good. Social!- he lias a large number of 
friend- and frati mail) he is connected with the 
Knight- of Pythias as a member of Manila Lodge 
at Diamondville, Wyoming. In political relai 

-trongly in accord with the Republican 
pan \ . win ise priii. pli li, has di me 

much to advance. The funih relations \ Mr. 

1 i are extn mel it, he having 

united in matrimony with tile capable and i 
; ) 1 rs. 1 .ourinda ( ( !ol( i I .an. -a >tl r at 
1 ity, on June 5. iSijij. She is a daughter 

1 ler of Onl. Xel)., 

and her tir-t husband was William Lancaster, a 
native of Indiana and a skilled cabinetmaker, 
family circle of this feliriton- union om- 
tains five chililren, Mai gan t, Mrs. ( '. 1 [ a r 

burg of < ipal, W\<>. ; Merrill, now of Ogden, 
I'tah ; Lula; Earl; Fern; the last three residing 
with Mr. and Mrs. Solliday. Mrs. Solliday has 
many valuable qualities of estimable value in 
this new section and. like her husband, ei 
the esteem of the communilv. 


Born in the city of Philadelphia, Pa., on 
March S. 1854, the childhood and youth of 
rge W. Spencer, one of the representative 
and i i ye ranchmen of Canyon Springs 

Prairie in Wcston county. Wyo., were darkened 
by the dense -hadn\\ of the Civil War, which de- 
prived him of both parents and left him to the 
care of strangers when he was ten years old. 
Mis pannts were George and Mary A. (Bene- 
dict) Whistler, also Pennsylvanians by nativity. 
The father was a bricklayer by trade and his 
-ful industry was broken up by the call for 
volunteers to defend the integrity of the Union 
and he enlisted in 1801 as a member of Co. K, 
Ninety-firs: Pa. Infantry, serving in the field 
until he was sent home on account of injuries 
received in the South, and on March i, 1864, 
he died from those injuries in a military hospi- 
tal in Philadelphia. Twelve days later, on 
March [3, 1X04. his widow followed him to the 
spirit land. leaving her son George, the;i ten 
years old, to the care of his un- Mien 

. of [ndiarlapolis, Ind.. who ado 
him and gave him his name. Phere the soi 

"rphnn found a CO Me home and at- 

tended school until iSiiS when his uncle re- 
1 to Newark, X. I., and be continued his 
education in the of that city. At an 

- he K i - :hi ! and went in \vi irk in 
a hat factory in New York ('ity. In i S~o he 
enne. Wyo., and en in a 

Hi busines-, hauling ' Is, which 

ainly of garden vegetable-, from 
t'oli irad.i i with his own teams. His business was 
ISlve and profitable and in its exactitu 

nid plea-am uTiipalion and 
the basis of hi- pri ienl financial indep 
l''n un iN',-S t, i iSSo he was at ( imaha. 



dealing in lilies lor the packing houses oi thai 
busy emporium. In llu 1 aulunin of iSSo, after 
working a lew months in New M c< or the 
Rio < irandc Railroad, he located on a home- 
stead in Rooks county. Kan., and farmed it 
until June, 1891, when he came to Wyoming, 
intending to locate on Canyon Springs Prairie, 
but was unable to homestead there because of 
his preliminary proceedings of the same char- 
acter in Kansas. But as soon as he was able 
to establish the fact that be had not proved up 
on his Kansas claim he took up his present 
ranch twenty-five miles north of Newcastle, 
which has since been his home and the re- 
i ipieiit of his energetic labors. It consists of 
200 acres of superior farming and grazing land 
and yields abundant harvests of cereals and 
hay and supports a fine herd of cattle, besides 
being a center of comfortable hospitality for all 
who come that way. Mr. Spencer was married 
in Cheyenne on December 20, 1870, with Miss 
Hattic Allen, a native of Iowa and a daughter 
of William and Charlotte (Sams) Allen, a sister 
of Mrs. Josiah E. Strong of this county, more 
extended mention of her parents being made in 
the sketch of Mr. Strong on another page of 
this volume. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer have three 
children, Bertha W., now Mrs. P. W. Shaffer. 
Martha W. and Lizzie W.. now Mrs. H. G. 
Aekley. In politics Mr. Spencer is a Republi- 
can, but no partisan zeal narrows his vision in 
matters which affect the welfare of the com- 
munity, for he is eminently broadminded, pro- 
gressive and enterprising. 


Orphaned in childhood by the cruel hand of 
death which removed his mother when he was 
three years old and his father when he was 
twelve, and reaching manhood thereafter with 
l.ut little aid from fortune's favors or adventi- 
tious circumstances, Joseph C. Spencer, of Wes- 
ton county, Wyoming, one of the most extensive 
stockbreeders of this section of the country, is 
essentially a self-made man, his career being the 
product of his own thrift and enterprise, business 

acumen and clearness of vision, lie is a native 
of Syracuse, X. Y.. where he was born on April 
I.), 1845, the son of Joseph C. and Lucy A. 
Spencer, both New Englanders by nativity, the 
former from .Massachusetts and the latter from 
New Hampshire. In 1847 tne niother died and 
nine years later, in 1856. the father, who had 
been a prosperous merchant in Syracuse, fol- 
lowed her to the other world. After his death 
Joseph C. Spencer went to live with a sister at 
Middleport, 111., there attended the public schools 
for a short time in the winter months and later 
going to the college of Ypsilanti, Mich., as a 
student for two years, leaving college to take 
a course of special business training at the Bry- 
an & Stratton Business College in Chicago, after 
completing that course accepting a position as 
messenger in the First National Bank of Chicago. 
He was employed in this bank seven years 
and rose to the post of paying teller. He longed 
however, for a freer life and larger individual 
opportunities, and turned his back upon the 
drudgery of financiering for others and began 
operations leading to business of magnitude for 
himself, in 1879 coming west to Deadwood, S. 
D., where he engaged in mining and prospect- 
ing for two years, thence coming to Wyoming 
in 1881 and after spending a year in the oil in- 
dustry in the vicinity in which he now lives he 
turned his attention to cattleraising, taking up 
a portion of his present ranch, six miles from 
Newcastle, on what is known to old-timers as 
Stockade Beaver Creek. In the twenty -years 
which have elapsed since he settled here he has 
gieatly improved his ranch until it has become 
/lie of the finest in the Northwest, has enlarged 
it to an extent of 4,000 acres, of which 700 are 
under skillful cultivation, has equipped it with 
desirable appliances for its proper utility and 
I'ruitt'tilness, made it comfortable with a sub- 
stantial residence, excellent bams, sheds, etc., 
adorned it with trees, shrubbery and with verdant 
lawns, and devoted it to the production of su- 
perior herds of Hereford cattle. In addition to 
the interests here involved, Mr. Spencer has ex- 
tensive oil holdings in the fields of the Eagle 
Oil Co., and valuable mining properties at Dead- 



wood. Hi- was iii,-in-ii-il at lint Springs. S. D., 
i December i_>. [900, with Miss A.bbie Jennings, 
a native of that state ami daughter of R. D. and 
Mattie Icnnings. Her father makes his home 
at the Hot Springs, being nne nf the directors 
of the company that has control of that resort. 
He is a pioneer of that section of the country 
as Mr. Spencer is of his. The Spencers have 
one child, their winsome daughter, Mar jorie, and 
they are members of the Episcopal church. .Mr. 
Spencer is a Republican in politics, a gentleman 
of breadth of view, progressive spirit and com- 
111,111. ling influence in local affairs, earnestly de- 
voted to the welfare of the community and deeply 
interested in the good of his fellow men. among 
wlmm he is highly esteemed and generally re- 
spected. lie is the largest individual stockman 
in this part of the state. 


William Speiice, nne of the worthy citizens 
nf Kvanst'Mi, Wyoming, in whose suburbs he 
resides on his ranch of fifty-four acres, is a na- 
tive of Bedfordshire, England, having first seen 
the light there in the year 1847. He was reared 
in the gn-al city of London, whence in 1804 
he emigrated to America and coming to Salt 
Lake City, he engaged in farming and con- 
tinued in it for MX years, afterwards taking 
employment on' the I'nion Pacific Railroad, 
with which company he has continued ever 

, leaving out some twelve or fourteen years 
devoted at intervals to ntlu-r affairs. By his 

1 de\ntinn to the right and careful industry. 
Mr. Spence has prospered in his own af- 
fairs and endeared himself to all that knew him. 
He is the son of Benjamin and Hannah (Hay) 

ce and was married in 1874 with Mrs. 
Eli/aheth (Dudley! Summers, widow '>:' Steven 

uers. by whom .-lie had four children: 

i .. Fannie E., Kinma and Steven D. 

imers. Sh.- has borne thn-,- children to Mr. 

Spence: Hannah E., died On I lecemher o, |<|0|; 

T., died in 1882; Charles W., died in [880. 
Mr-,. Speni a - of 1 .eicestershire, Eng- 
land, born in 1839, the dangbicr of Thomas and 

Elizabeth (I'.owley) Dudley, of Sheep-di.-ad, 
England, where the father was born on May 
;, [806, and died on April 14, 1875. He was 
the son of John Dudley, born in 177:1. died in 
1854. and Sarah ( Eullylove) Dudley. His wife, 
Mrs. Spence's mother. Mrs. Elizabeth ( Kowlev) 
Dudley, was born on September }. 1800,, and 
died January lij, 185(1. She is buried at Shecps- 
head, England. 


l'.\ reference to another page of i his volume 
the reader will find a record of the life of B. 
Spinner, an elder brother of Karl Spinner, 
whose biography is here presented, and where 
further allusion is made to Amand and Cresia 
(Schmer) Spinner, the parents, and to which 
biography the reader's attention is respectfully 
called. Karl Spinner was born in Germany in 
1850. and at the age of twenty-three years came 
to the United States, and at once, in 187^. came 
In ( ireen River. WyO., and engaged in the 
butchering business with his brother. II. Spin- 
ner, which he followed until the spring of 1870; 
thence lu \\eiit In Wind River, where he follow- 
ed the cattle trade for a year and returned to 
( ireen River, and entered into the brewing busi- 
ness, in which he held an interest until iSn_>. 
lie then engaged in sheepraising. in which bu- 
colic enterprise he ha> ever since been eng; 
with unvarying success, being also the pro- 
prietor of the (ireen River opera house, a 
source of no inconsiderable income. In poli- 
tics Mr. Spinner is an out-and-out Republican, 
and in 1 81 10 was appnimcd county coinmi- 
er. and so faithfully and ably did he perform the 
duties of the office that he was elected to till 
the same nt'tice for the full term of two years. 
In |8<)_} he served as a member of the -late 
legislature, and from 1800 until iSnn filled the 
office "i town i reasurer. In the imer\al in 
iSo- be \\as appointed postmaster of (Ireen 
River, a position be filled most satisfactorily 
until August, [902, \\ben hi d. Mr. 

Spinner ha- had military expcri '\ing 

in the Franco Prussian War of 187071 n 

I 7 6 


Eleven. < hie Hundred and Fourteenth Prussian 
Infantry, his entire military life lasting three 
years. Fraternally Mr. Spinner is a member 
of the A. F. & A. M. and the A. O. Q. W., and 
he was joined in matrimony on November 6, 
1896. with Miss Margaret Roenfeld, a daughter 
of Andrew and Anna (Mute) Roenfeld. Her 
father was an officer in the Prussian army, but 
after seven years of service retired, came to 
America and followed farming near Harrisburg, 
Pa., dying in 1891 at the age of eighty-seven 
years. He was a grand and noble man and 
was honored wherever known. Her mother was 
born in Southern Germany of noble descent, 
and she passed away in 1895 at the age of 
eighty-two years, both herself and her husband 
being devoted members qf the Lutheran church, 
ami their remains lie at rest side by side near 
Hamburg. The Spinner and the Roenfeld fam- 
ilies for many generations have maintained a 
high position in the esteem of the people, and 
the Spinners of Green River may be mentioned 
especially as among the most useful and re- 
spected residents of their section of the country. 


Orphaned at the age of four years by the 
death of his mother, and reared thereafter until 
he was nineteen under the careful supervision 
of his father, Josiah E. Strong, of Boyd, Weston 
county, Wyoming, has displayed in his creditable 
career the sterling qualities of manliness and 
self-reliance for which his father and his familv 
were distinguished. He was born on June 2, 
1853. in Delaware county, N. Y., the son of 
L. and Rachel A. (Bradley) Strong, natives of 
New York, where the father prospered as a 
butcher in Otsego county until his death in Sep- 
tember, 1874, the mother having passed away 
in 1857. He attended the schools of Otsego 
county, N. Y., and aided his father in his busi- 
ness until he was nineteen years old, then in the 
autumn of 1872 he joined the inarch of empire 
westward, coming to Nebraska and near Ne- 
braska City engaged in farming for four years, 
from there going to Kansas and taking up land 

in Rooks county, where he remained nine years, 
struggling against adverse circumstances, dry 
seasons and other discouragements to make his 
venture successful, but sold his place in the fall 
of 1888 and the next April was led by a favoring 
fortune to Canyon Springs Prairie in what is 
now Weston county, Wyo., and in that fertile 
region, when as yet but few had knowledge of 
its possibilities and it was almost unoccupied, he 
took up his present ranch about twenty miles 
northeast of the site of the present town of New- 
castle, for which at that time not a stake had 
been driven. Here bountiful harvests have re- 
warded his skillful labor and his farm of 320 
acres is now one of the best on the prairie, well 
improved and equipped with the necessary ap- 
pliances for its cultivation and the proper care 
of the superior stock which finds a home on its 
vu'dant expanse. Mr. Strong is one of the suc- 
cessful farmers of the state, his care, skill, in- 
dustry and progressive ideas entitling him to the 
good results he achieves in his work, while his 
public spirit and enterprise in every element of 
improvement in the community secure for him a 
high regard in the estimation of his fellow cit- 
izens. On December 6, 1885, he was married 
with Miss Nancy Jane Allen, a native of Iowa, 
and a daughter of William and Charlotte (Sams) 
Allen, the marriage being consummated in Rooks 
county, Kan. Mrs. Strong's parents settled in 
Iowa when they were young and were married 
there, the father becoming a prosperous millman 
and a citizen of influence. In 18/1 they removed 
to Rooks county. Kan., and engaged in farming 
and now live at Montrose, Colo. The Strongs 
have six children, Sarah E., William E., Char- 
lotte M., Russell F., R. Maria and Claud F. In 
politics Mr. Strong gives his allegiance to the 
Republican party. 


One of the distinctively young, but decidedly 
progressive ranchers of Uinta county, Wyo- 
ming, must here be mentioned, Mr. Edward 
Sutton, who, although associated in the exten- 
sive cattle industrv of his father, William Sut- 


ton, For ninny years, has only conducted in- 
dividual i i]x -rations since 1800. William Sutton 
is well-known throughout Wyoming as a rep 
resentative stockman and a valuable citizen. 
Ilr was liorn in England, as \vas also his wife, 
whose maiden name was \nn Moe. \bout iS~o 
occurred their emigration from England and 
the establishment of a new home in the country 
of their adoption, where the years have passed 
lighiK over them, and they are now residing 
on their productive ranch on Green River, where 
his rattle business is assuming large scope and 
importance. He has been prospered in his un- 
dertakings and is counted one ( >f Uinta county's 
highly respected citizens. Edward Sutton was 
born at Carbon, Wyo., on Tune 28, 1878, and 
he has acquired a most valuable practical educa- 
tion on the range and in the free life of the 
open plains, gaining strength of body and men- 
tal activity in the outdoor life. In 1901 he en- 
tered into matrimonial relations with Mis, 
Mary Ann Morris, a daughter of Luke and 
Mary A. (Lamb) Morris, natives of England, 
but now residents of Kemmerer. In 180,0, Mr. 
Sntlon initiated a successful stock busine 
one of his father's ranches, located eight jniles 
nonh of Kemmerer, and here his close and con- 
secutive attention to business and his discrimi- 
nating care and attention to his stock is bring- 
ing a prosperity \\hich is sun- to be cumulative 
in increase of values as years pass by. Mr. Snt- 
ton is. however, by no means fully absorbed in 
moneymaking, but takes great interest in all 
public mailers of a local nature, and is popular 
with all classes of a somewhat wide acquaint- 
anceship and fully merits hi., prosperity. 


lh\ight M. Thayer. the gentleman whose 
name furnishes the caption of this review, is 
a creditable representative of Xew Knglaii'I 
manhoiiil. combining in his intellectual 
nn mil makeup man; oi the i urdj virtues and 
sterling characteristics of In, rnritan ancestry. 
lie was born in Massachusetts in the \ear [847, 
the son of Uufus and I.ncretia I I YttingilD 

Thaycr. both parents natives of the Old Hay 
State. The father was a 5O n of Reuben Thayer. 
also ol Massachusetts birth and a descendant 
of an old and highly ted \~e\v England 

famih of Braintree, the b of which dates 

Erorh an early period in the annals of the com- 
monwealth. When Owight M. Thayer ,. 
youth of fourteen he suffered an almost irrepa- 
rable loss in the death of his father and : 
that sad event became an inmate of his 
brother's household, continuing with the latter 
a number of years, devoting bis time and ener- 
gies to fanning. At intervals during his mi- 
nority he attended the public schools and ac- 
quired a good knowledge of the English 
branches and also obtained a fund of valuable 
practical knowledge by coming in contact with 
the world, lie continued agricultural pursuits 
in Massachusetts until 1877 when he came to 
l\ock Springs, Wyo., a id entered the employ 
of the licckwith Commercial Co., with which he 
remained for fourteen and a half years. His 
long tenure with the firm attests his efficiency 
and faithfulness, and it \\as \\iih great reluct- 
ance that his resignation was accepted when 
he became a bookke Gottsche & Co. 

After continuing in th'- latter capacity three 
- he engaged in the manufacture of Hour. 
operating a mill with success and financial i 
until July. Igor, when he was commissii 
postmaster of Rock Springss Mr. Thayer is 
a skillful accountant, possessin ss of 

judgment and a COmprehensivi '1 knowl- 

edge which mark him as an able, wise and 
erect busines-. man. I'amiliar with the under- 
lying principles of commercial and financial 
law and possi tig . :d knov. ' 

finance, he plans well and hi- 
dom at fault. He 

correct principles which invariably secure suc- 
CCSS, while his genial traits of character are 
such as to \\in and retain the confidence o| his 
employers and the public. \s a public ofl 

Mr. Thayer discharges the duties of his posi- 
tion in at 

though but rccentK app. -ition 

he has vvon at excellent re|>utatio:i 

1 7 8 


ficiency. Financially he lias been successful in 
that he has ]>n>\ided well for his family, secured 
a pleasant and attractive home and accumulated 
a sufficiency <if this world's goods to place him in 
independent circumstances. The marriage of 
Mr. Thayer with Miss Henrietta Smith, daugh- 
ter of (".). C. and Jane (Ross) Smith, natives of 
Massachusetts and early pioneers of Rock 
Springs, was solemnized in the year 1867. Mrs. 
Thayer was arlso born in Massachusetts and has 
presented her husband with three children, Mrs. 
Mary Morris. Oliver P. and Hazel, deceased. 
Few men in Sweetwater county are better 
known and none stand higher than Dwight 
Thayer in public esteem. He has borne his 
share in advancing the county's material pros- 
perity and has been ready and willing at all 
times to lend his influence and support to meas- 
ures calculated to promote the people's inter- 
ests. He is well informed relative to state and 
national politics, has pronounced views on the 
leading questions of the day and is generally 
found on the right side of every moral issue, 
and he is broad minded, liberal and tolerant 
towards others, and his family has a large num- 
ber of warm friends in the best society circles 
of the city and county. 


Xow a prominent and respected business 
man and citizen of Salt Lake City, Utah. Otto 
Leifer has also a good record to his credit as 
a pioneer and civilizer in Wyoming, having been 
one of the very first settlers on Big Piney Creek 
in Uinta county, there aiding in transforming 
the wilderness into an abode fit for civilized 
man and making it an element in the progress 
and growth of our country. He was born in 
Germany and lost his mother by death in his 
infancy and when he was but four years old 
his father left his desolated home and came to 
the United States, locating first in Baltimore, 
Md., from there removing to Frederick county, 
Ya., and four years later he left his orphan boy 
in that county and returned to the Fatherland. 
The son grew almost to manhood in his new 

home, receiving his education in its public 
sehonls. In iSM he made his way to Iowa 
and after attending school at Fremont for a 
year, he joined an expedition going across the 
plains with ox teams and reached Auburn, Ore., 
in the fall of 1861 after having been three 
months on the road and experienced consider- 
able trouble at the hands of hostile Indians, and 
near Rock Creek, Utah, while trying to rescue 
some horses that had been stolen, the expedi- 
tion had eight men killed and sixteen wounded. 
After his arrival at Auburn Mr. Leifer drove 
n gi ivernment team from Walla Walla to Fort 
Boise during the summer of 1863 and then went 
to Montana and engaged in mining at Virginia 
City until 1865, when he moved to the Bitter 
Root valley and started a stockgrowing in- 
dustry, owning and using the celebrated ranch 
which was later the magnificent estate of the 
late Marcus Daly. In 1878 Mr. Leiffer came 
to Wyoming with Edward Swan and settling on 
the Big Piney, he there took up land and began 
raising cattle. He and Mr. Swan were the first 
settlers in this part of the state and Tor years 
they were obliged to freight every article for 
their use from Green River, 100 miles distant, 
and also to get their mail there, it being the 
nearest postoffice until one was established at 
Big Piney, after whicn they had a weekly mail. 
In this locality Mr. Leifer lived and prospered, 
enjoying the free life and the growth and de- 
velopment of the country until 1896, when on 
account of his wife's failing health he removed 
to Salt Lake City, where he is carrying on a 
large real-estate and mining business and win- 
ning golden opinions as an enterprising and 
public spirited citizen. In March. 1887, Mr. 
Leifer was -married with Miss Delia M. Sollers, 
a native of Winchester. Ya., and a daughter of 
William R. and Anna Sollers, also natives of 
Yirginia. Mrs. Leifer died at Salt Lake City 
on July 7, 1902, aged forty-eight and one-half 
years and her remains were laid to rest beside 
those of her parents at Schtiyler, Xeb. She 
was universally esteemed as a lady of refine- 
ment and tender sensibilities, very affable in dis- 
position and courteous in manner. Mr. Leifer 

- -I* 






owned a tine farm of ^< >X acres near Schmlei 
which lie sold in 1902, receiving a cash prior of 
SJO.^Q. In Salt Lake City he occupies his ele- 
gant home at u_' X street. The story of his 
life is very incomplete without the statement 
that he fought valiantly and was wounded in the 
threat battle with the Xe/ 1'erces Indians in 
1X77, at Ilig Hole. Mont., a fact greatly to his 
credit, which he modestly withholds from pub- 
lic ii' itice. 


Lloyd P. Thomas, the gentleman whose 
brief biography is herewith presented, belongs 
to the vonnger generation nf the Great \\e-t 
and for some years he has been actively identi- 
fied with the commercial interests of. Sweet- 
water county. He is an Englishman but was 
born in a country remote from the land of his 
tors, although included in the wide do- 
main ill the British Empire, his birth occurring 
on December ji, 1801, at Seal Cote in the 
northwestern provinces of Hindustan, where 
his fatli' r, I'lhn Xelson Thomas, tin n a colonel in 
the East India military service, was at that time 
stationed. John Nelson Thomas was a native 
of Wales and after serving in the army for a 
number of years he was made superintendent 
of woods and forests in India in which capacity 
lie continued until he died. His wife, who bore 
the maiden name of Caroline Jndd, was born 
in Yorkshire, England, and is still living, having 
reached the age of seventy-two years and at 
the present time she makes her home in 
Sussex, England's most favorite 
ring place and summer resort. Lloyd P. 
Thorn; > ivcd his early educational train- 

in Xormandy, France, and at the l\o\ai 
MiliK'i ( '. ill hurst , England, and h 

inained in England until i8<Si. when he came 
to the I 'nited States and located temporarily in 
Xew York, subsequently leaving that city for 
the west, with Wyoming ive point, 

ars he lived at < rreen l\i\er, but in 
January. [902, change.'! his resid. mv I" Rock 
Sprr ' ' re lie opened a neu s agency in 

connection with a general book and stationery 
store; handling in addition to a full stock of 
those article -. a complete line of tobacco, cigars 
and sundries of various kinds. He ranks with 
the most intelligent and progressive business 
men of the city of his residence and in evcrv 
relation of life he has earned a reputation for 
probity and correct conduct that has won for 
him the esteem of his fellow citizens. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican and as such was elected 
clerk of the county, an office he filled with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to the people 
For tour years. lie was married in 1901 with 
Miss Margaret E. Sntton. a daughter of Thomas 
and Tabitha (Betts) Sutton, all being natives of 
Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas have 
three children \\hose names are Lilian. Irene 
and Caroline Eetiiia. It is here proper to 
that Mr. Thomas s great force of char- 

acter and a pleasing personality, which com- 
bined with fine social qualities make him not 
only a useful man in the community but a popu- 
lar one in all classes and conditions of people. 
In private life lie is sociable but unobtrusive in 
demeanor and within the precincts of his home, 
surrounded by friends and loved ones, he is 
the soul of hospitalitx and genial companion- 
ship, lie numbers his friends by the -core and 
the position he has readied in llu - and 

public \\orld is indicative of the still gr 
and more iniluential career which awaits him in 
the future. 


A leading and representative citi/en of I' 
Springs. Wyoming, H Swanson, was 

born on < 'tlan. 

Sweden, the son of \n-ii-i Swanson. a 
Kadi' ii of that country, who \\as an en- 

terpi isi pen 'tis M, ,, 

idler was a soldier of the Swedish 
arm}-, pacing all of his matin-' \ member 

of the military famib r. Swi :ison 

elf was > fainilv of six children. 

gre\\ in his native count r 

.ition in the publi 



of his boyhood home. When he had attained to 
the age of eighteen years, he resolved to seek his 
fortune in the New World, and he came to Amer- 
ica. His first location in this country was in 
Wisconsin, where he established his home ana 
engaged in lumbering, subsequently removing to 
the Lake Superior region, where he was inter- 
ested in mining . for about two years, when he 
removed to Colorado, where he located at Tellu- 
ride, San Miguel county, and engaged in min- 
ing. In 1883 he went to Boulder county, where 
he remained until 1885. He then came to the 
territory of Wyoming, settling at Atlantic, where, 
for a time he followed contracting, subsequently 
removing to South Pass, Wyoming, where he 
engaged in the retail liquor business, and re- 
mained until 1887. He then removed to the new 
mining camp of Blairtovm, and continued in the 
same pursuit. He met with success in his busi- 
ness enterprises and in 1889 he erected his pres- 
ent brick building in the business center of Rock 
Springs, and here he has continued in trade to 
the present time. He is one of the successful and 
representative men of his section of the state, 
enterprising, public spirited and progressive. In 
January, 1898, Mr. Swanson was united in mar- 
riage with Mrs. Kate Anthony, a native of St 
Louis, Mo., where her parents were well-known 
and highly respected residents. The father of 
Mrs. Swanson was a native of Ireland, coming 
from his native country in early life, and estab- 
lishing his permanent home in St. Louis. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Swanson have been born two children, 
Carl Clark Otto, and Frank Mondell Swanson, 
the last named being now deceased. The home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Swanson is noted for its genial 
and generous hospitality, which they find pleas- 
ure in dispensing to their large circle of friends 
and acquaintances. Fraternally Mr. Swanson is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and' Protective Or- 
der of Elks, the Fraternal Order of Eagles and 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
takes an active and prominent part in the fra- 
ternal and charitable life of the community. 
Politically he is a stanch member of the Repub- 
lican party, one of its trusted and able leaders 
in Sweetwater county. For two terms he has 

been a member of the city council of Rock 
Springs, and foremost in all matters calculated 
to promote the welfare of the community or to 
develop the resources of the country. In 1896 
he was elected as a member of the Legislative 
Assembly of the state, serving with ability and 
fidelity. At the end of his first term of office his 
record was such that he was renominated and 
reelected. He was faithful in the discharge 
of every duty as a member of the legislature, and 
many measures of great importance to the peo- 
ple owe their origin to his ability and conscien- 
tious discharge of public duty. He stands de- 
servedly high among the public men of Wyo- 
ming, and is respected for his many sterling 
traits of character. He is a fine type of the 
Swedish-American citizen, true to his friends 
and loyal to the institutions of his adopted 


This gentleman is one of the leading stock- 
men of southern Wyoming, a pioneer of that 
section, and one who has seen the state grow 
through all the stages of frontier experience up 
to its present condition, and is now residing 
at the brisk young city of Encampment. He 
is a native of Council Bluffs, Iowa, his birth 
occurring in June, 1854, and he is the son of 
Hiram and Adaline (Clark) Wilcox, both na- 
tives of New York, from which state the father 
removed in early life to Wisconsin, where he 
married and established his home. Subse- 
quently he removed to Iowa, where he engaged 
in successful stockraising, and was also inter- 
ested in the manufacturing of boots and shoes. 
He had a family of four sons and one daughter. 
John F. Wilcox attained manhood in Iowa, and 
received his early education in the city of Coun- 
cil Bluffs. When he had reached the age of 
fifteen years, he left his home to make his own 
way in the world, going to northeastern Mis- 
souri, where he remained about one year and 
then removed to the then territory of Colorado, 
where he located at Fort Collins and secured 
employment as a cowboy, for the purpose of 



acquiring a practical knowledge of the cattle 
business, intending to engage in that occupa- 
tion as soon as his circumstances would permit. 
He remained in Colorado until 1874, when he 
. to Wyoming and was one of the first 
range riders in this territory, and for many 
years he had numerous exciting experiences 
with the Indians, having not a few narrow es- 
capes where his life was seriously imperilled, 
lie was for a time in the employ of Abner 
Loomis, a large cattleman of the frontier days, 
now engaged in hanking at Fort Collins, Colo. 
Me snlisi iiuently held a responsible position 
with the Swan Land & Cattle Co., and con- 
tinued in his chosen employment up to the year 
[890, having the reputation of being one of 
the most capable and efficient cattlemen in 
\Y\oming. In 1890 he concluded to go into 
business for himself, and took up a ranch on 
Creek for that purpose. Here he met 
with immediate and gratifying success until 
1001 , when he disposed of his ranch property 
to advantage. At that time he was the owner 
of a fine ranch of over 500 acres of land, well 
fenced and improved, and entirely under irriga- 
tion. He made a specialty of the best grades of 
Shorthorn and Hereford cattle, and thoroughbred 
Xorman-Percheron horses. At one time he 
was liie owner of some of the most valuable ani- 
mals in the state, and he is still the owner of 
a large band of cattle, and is counted as one 
of the substantial business men and nroperlv 
owners of the state. Tn January. [883, Mr. 
Wilcox was united in marriage with Miss Emma 
I'.aggett. a native of England and the daughter 
of \nio, I'.aggett, a large and successful stock- 
man formerlv residing on Cow Creek, Wyo., 
but now making his home in the city of Sara 
Five children have come to bless their 
holm- life, namelx. Belle, A.dna, ^mos, I'Vank 
and Mabel, all of whom are living. The}' have 
just completed a line modern residence in En- 
campmenl and their In ime i.- i" >ted f' >r the 
ernns and gracious hospitality \\hich they take 
pleasure in dispensing to their large circl 
friends and acquaintances. Mr. Wilco-.. has 
done much to assist in the development of this 

section of Wyoming. His great success in busi- 
ness has been due to his energy, ability, and 
unerring judgment in all matters affecting his 
interests and the growth of this portion of the 



Among the enterprising and progressive men 
who have settled in the favored valley of the 
Stockade Beaver Creek, and there tickling the 
responsive land with the hoe, have seen it laugh 
with the harvest, none is better known or more 
generally esteemed than Edward Thomson, a na- 
tive of the Dominion of Canada, in whose his- 
toric province of Quebec he was born on No- 
vember j. 1855, the son of Thomas and Mary A. 
( .Murray) Thomson, the former born in Scot- 
land and the latter born in Ireland. They were 
brought to the New World in childhood and in 
Quebec province were reared, educated, married 
and employed in successful farming until the 
close of their useful lives, the mother surren- 
dering her trust at the behest of the Great Dis- 
poser in 180,1, and the father in 1899. Both rest 
under the sod of a beautiful little cemetery at 
Magog in the land of their adoption and their 
serviceable labors. Edward Thomson remained 
with his parents attending school and working 
on the farm until he was eighteen, then learned 
thi in mufacturing of cheese, afterwards conduct- 
ing- a chee>e factor-, for about two years. He 
then passed two years more with his parents, and 
in iSjS. accepting our government's generous 
offer -a a Fan : i enterprising worker, 

came to Fargo, \. | ).. and h. >me>teaded a quar- 
ter section of good land in thai vicinity, on 
which he lived for eight yi :ing tin 

and raising some cattle. lie and his In-other also 
cc indiu ted 3 water n >ute in Fi 
to 1885. In 1886 he sold out his interests in 

ita and in August arrived in Wyoming. 
after taking up the ranch on which he now 
on Stockade Beaver I 'reek, thirteen miles north- 
east of V Mere he has lived and flonr- 
ished from that time, engaged in ranching and 
cattleraising, aiding in developing the country. 

1 82 


directing its moral and commercial agencies 
along the lines of healthful progress and hold- 
ing its political activities unto symmetrical and 
shapely growth. The winter of 1881-2 he passed 
in visiting his parents in his old Canadian home. 
The rest of the time has been devoted to his 
ranch, which consists of 480 acres of deeded 
land, containing a wide expanse of excellent hay 
meadow. On January 26, 1884, at Fargo, N. D., 
Mr. Thomson was united in marriage with Miss 
Joanna Cavanaugh, also a native of Canada and 
daughter of Edward and Margaret (Kirwin) 
Cavanaugh, emigrants from Ireland to the Do- 
minion early in their married life. Seven chil- 
dren have joined the Thomson household, Mary 
A., Thomas E., Sarah A., Daniel R., James, 
William and Loretto. The family are Cath- 
.olics in religious faith and Mr. Thomson is a 
Republican in politics. 


Far from the scenes, the inspirations, the 
friendship and the old traditions of his native 
county, which he left at the age of eleven years 
for a new home far across the sea and almost 
as far across the land, making the entire trip 
of several thousand miles without an associate 
he had ever seen before he started, Alexander 
Wagstaff of Crook county. Wyoming, is es- 
sentially a product of the American frontier, 
of American institutions, of American oppor- 
tunities and lines of thought and action. He 
was born in "Merrie England" on June 13, 1866, 
on the banks of one of her romantic rivers, 
the son of Alfred and Emily (Price) Wagstaff, 
the father English and the mother being Scotch- 
Welch by nativity. His father is a prosperous 
farmer in England, as he is in the United States, 
with the substantial difference that the former's 
unit of measure in land is a foot while the lat- 
ter's is an acre or a mile, so different are the 
conditions and the chances in agricultural pur- 
suits in the two countries. In 1877, when he 
was but eleven years of age, Alexander dared 
the heaving ocean and the long trip across the 
American continent to Iowa where he had 

friends, and locating at the thriving little town 
of Indianola in Warren county, went to work' 
on a farm, attending school in the winter 
months and here remaining six years, finishing 
his education with such facilities as were con- 
veniently available and preparing for a wider 
sweep of vision and a larger business activity. 
In 1883 he came farther west to North Dakota 
and worked two years on a stock ranch near 
Jamestown and run the ranch for three years 
more. At the end of this period he removed 
to Montana and for four years was on a ranch 
near Deer Lodge, foreman for nearly all that 
time, then for a number of years rode the range 
in that state, still being a foreman. He then 
began traveling through Idaho, Utah, Nevada, 
California and other states, keeping up his 
wanderings until 1892 when he settled in Wyo- 
ming, and after a few months' work on a ranch 
on Powder River, of which he had partial 
charge, he took up the ranch on which he now 
lives in Crook county nine miles south of Sun- 
dance. He has steadily improved and develop- 
ed this ranch, reducing it to fertility and pro- 
ductiveness and building up on it an increasing 
stock industry, which is now one of the most 
desirable in his section of the county. In 1898 
he enlisted in the state militia for the Spanish- 
American war. but his regiment was not called 
out. He, however, served his three years' term, 
in the meantime as he had opportunity pushing 
his ranch and stock business and he now owns 
640 acres of excellent and well located land and 
is a successful and prosperous stockman. On 
July 4. 1895, in his home county, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Julia Waite, a native of 
Iowa and daughter of James and Emily Waite 
who removed to Crook county, Wyo., from 
Iowa and are now prominent farmers. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wagstaff had four 'children, Edgar, 
Robert, Ethel and Daisy. On October 18, 
1901, the faithful wife and mother died and was 
buried at Sundance. In politics Mr. Wagstaff 
is a zealous Republican, not an active worker in 
the party ranks, finding more congenial occu- 
pation in his home and its interests, preferring 
the general good of the community to any par- 



ticular party advantage, lie is highly esteemed 
as a leading and influential citizen whose voice 
and aid art- on the side of every good enter- 
prise and whose helpful friendship is available 
to all who seek it in the proper spirit. 


A \vell-kno\vn and sneeessful stockman, a 
re])rescntative citizen, a stimulating and pro- 
ductive commercial force and a conservative 
sncial inspiration, Charles Zummach of the 
Middle Fork of the Hay Creek section of Wyom- 
ing, with a beautiful ranch pleasantly located 
near Kothen, seven miles wesl of Aladdin and 
t went y-cight north of Sundance., has diligently 
improved his opportunities for advancement in 
the \V\v World and exemplified in an impres- 
ts e way the sterling qualities of head, heart and 
physical energy for which his ancestry Was 
noted. He is a native of (lermany, where he 
was born on December Ci. 1844, the so'n of 
William Zummach. His father was a distiller 
in the Fatherland and came to the I'nited States 
with his family in 1855. locating in Milwaukee, 
where his SOU gol a little education by attend- 
ing school for a short time, but was thrown on 
his own resources very early in life, becoming 
self-supporting at the age of fourteen. He 
worked at different occupations in Milwaukee 
until iSnj, having a willing, a capable and a 
skillful hand at almost any kind of a job he was 
never without one. In I Si >j lie went to Chicago 
and to St. Louis, where lie secured einplo\ment 
On Mississippi Uiver steamers tor two years, 
then coming to Montana, making the trip up 
"the Missouri by boat to Fort P.cnton. .^.500 
miles, and from there going to Alder < iulch. 
near what is now Virginia Cit\. then a newly 
discovered F.ldorado for the treasure-seeker, 
and worked in the mines. While going from 
Fort P.entou to Alder (iulch in 1X04, on June 

20, Mr. Zummach was one ol .1 parti oi four 


who sunk the first prospect hole sunk on tin- 
site of Helena, getting three cents to the pan 
Alter twelve \cars of toil in this rich field, 
with fluctuating success, he returned to Milwau- 

e, making a nine months' visit to his old 
home and friends. From there in his second 
Argonautic expedition, he landed at the I'.lack 
Hills in South Dakota, and after a year of al- 
most fruitless search for wealth in the mines 
started a madhouse between Deadwood and 
Spearfish, which he conducted until 1884, then 
sold out and came to Crook count\. Here see- 
ing in the vocation of the- old patriarchs a good 
promise of fruitful returns, he located on the 
ranch he has since occupied on the Middle 
Fork of lla\ Creek, and began an industry in 
farming and cattleraising. which has grown 
with the flight of time to gratifying proportions 
and most welcome returns. He has 880 acres 
of land, with plenty of meadow for hay, upland 
for grain and hills for range, and by studious 
industry he has brought his possessions to a 
high degree of productiveness and adaptability 
to their proper purposes, has improved them 
with commodious and comfortable buildings 
and adorned them with tastefully arranged 
^rounds and shrubbery. Mr. Zummach is es- 
sentially what we have called him, a representa- 
tive citizen, lie is a Republican in politics and 
while never seeking office, is identified in a 
leading way with every movement for the good 
of the county and state. He was married on 
December 2$. iSS;. at lleadwood. S. !>.. with 
Mrs. Louisa llohlfeld. a nati\e of Michigan. 
They have one child, a winsome daughter, 
Frma C. In fraternal relations Mr. Zummach 
affiliates with the Independent < >rder of < >dd 
Fellows, bilongin;; to a lodge' in Milwaukee. 

Ill \UY \\ ENDT. 

Numbered among the leading and most pro- 
gressive citi/eiis of Sweetwater county, Wyo- 
ming, is the one to whom this brie I re\ lew is 
dedicated. Prof. Henry Wcndt. the popular ed- 
ucator and capable principal of the school 
("liven Kixer. lie was horn at Petersburg. Ccr- 
many. on I Vcemher 15. iSi>S. a son to the nur- 
riage union of Hans and \nna iKonum) Wcndt. 
desceiid-ints of families that for centi.rics had 
been resident- of the Fatherland. The fat'" 



born in Halisteen in 1831, in 1856 married Alma 
Kootum, a young lady of twenty years of age, 
and engaged in agricultural pursuits in Germany 
until the emigration of the family in 18/4. Their 
first American location was at Clinton, Iowa, 
they thereafter making a permanent residence at 
Walnut, in the same state, the father there en- 
gaging in the same quiet vocation he had fol- 
lowed in his native land. They were people of 
that peace-loving, unassuming type ot character 
with which Germany has so often enriched this 
country, earnest Lutherans in their religious be- 
lief, while the father was equally as earnest a 
Democrat in politics, never having sought pub- 
licity nor official place or emoluments, the mother 
possessing strong domestic tastes, and finding in 
the activities around her fireside and in the care 
of her children her highest enjoyment. They are 
still living in their pleasant Iowa location, se- 
cure in the esteem of all the people. Henry 
Wendt was a lad of but six years of age when 
he accompanied his parents across the Atlantic 
to their new home in Iowa, and his youth was 
the same as that of hundreds of farmers's sons 
until he was eighteen years old, aiding in con- 
ducting the farm work and attending as circum- 
stances admitted the .country schools of the com- 
munity. He was a natural student however, and 
his leisure moments were passed in study and 
in reading, his progress in educational lines be- 
ing so pronounced that when he was eighteen 
he was employed as a teacher in western Iowa, 
continuing this vocation with marked success for 
four years, and securing popular approval for 
both his work and methods. For a year after 
this experience he was employed in a clerical 
capacity in a real-estate office in N.ebraska, and 
having a desire to more fully supply the de- 
mands of his nature for an education, he then 
became a student in the college at Fremont, Neb., 
where he diligently pursued his studies, and was 
graduated from the scientific department in 1896 
and from the classical course in 1898. Being 
thus thoroughly equipped to take solid ground 
in pedagogic work, he was for one year the as- 
sistant principal of the schools of Lander, Wyo., 

thence coming to Green River to take charge of 

the schools of that progressive town, and here 
he has since been busily employed, doing most 
excellent work and receiving the commendations 
of educators throughout all of this section, ed- 
ucational interest being increased under his ad- 
ministration both among pupils and parents, 
while the community at large acknowledges the 
high standards here maintained and the steady 
progress of the students and the schools. A 
clear-headed, logical Democrat in politics, Mr. 
Wendt holds strong convictions, which, however/ 
he never obtrudes on others, and at one time he 
gave most efficient service as a deputy county 
clerk of Shelby county, Iowa. Fraternally he 
is a valued member of the Masonic fraternity, 
the Knights of Pythias and he is also a Modern 
Woodman. On July 24, 1902, Professor Wendt 
wedded with Miss Rose McMahan, a native of 
Pennsylvania and a daughter of J. P. and Cath- 
erine (Condon) McMahan, who were residents 
of Pennsylvania from about 1840 where the fa- 
ther was a carpenter. He died in 1876 and hi& 
cherished wife is now a resident of Denver. 


One of the leading citizens of Bighorn, Sher- 
idan county, and one who has won his place in 
the regard and confidence of his fellows by merit, 
is Herbert H. Williams, a prominent and suc- 
cessful stockgrower and business man. He was 
born in Ohio, on February 20, 1860, the son of 
Daniel and Mary J. (Burns) Williams, the for- 
mer a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of 
Ohio, who were early settlers in Iowa, but when 
their son Herbert was five years old they moved 
to Decatur county, Iowa, where they remained 
three years, in 1868 moving to Kansas and in 
1878 to Texas where Herbert received his first 
experience in stockraising on a large scale, be- 
coming a range rider and giving his attention 
to cattle in an active and exacting manner. He 
was robust and strong, and the arduous exercise 
was of advantage to him, building up his con- 
stitution and developing both physical power and 
mental readiness and resourcefulness. In 1881, 
bidding adieu to the southern country he came 



first to Ogalalla, Neb., and soon after to Chev- 
enne, Wyoming, where he engaged to take charge 
of a herd of cattle to North Dakota, after com- 
pleting this engagement, working in Montan? on 
the ranges until 1894, when he came again to 
Wyoming and took up his residence on a ranch 
near Bighorn which is still his home. On this 
he is actively and successfully engaged in the 
. business, conducting one of the leading 
indu.strics of its kind in the county. Mr. Wil- 
liams married at .Mill-, City. Montana, in 1886, 
with Miss Cora M. Bray, a native of New York. 
They have four children. Viola M., Berta B., 
( >rdn and Rose, all of whom are at home, valued 
members of the household. Mr. Williams has 
sought neither political preferment nor social 
distinction. His business has occupied him wholly 
and has satisfied all his desires for mental or 
physical activity. Yet he has risen by his gen- 
eral worth and manliness to a high place in the 
good will and esteem of his friends and neigh- 
bors, and has not failed to bear his due share of 
the burdens of improving and advancing the 
community, and working his county toward the 
position its natural resources and the enterprise 
of its people entitle it to hold. 


Among the most highly respected and sub- 
stantial citizens of the state of Wyoming is 
Mr. Philip J. Yoder, who resides at Phillips. 
He is a native of Ohio, a state which has fur- 
nished so many men of sterling character to the 
country farther west. He was born on Januarv 3. 
. near Shanesville, Ohio, the son of Jacob 
and Barbara (Miller) Yoder, both natives of 
Ohio, \\here his father \va- a successful 
farmer, long owning one ol the finest farms 
in his section of tin- state, and In ing a prosperous 
citixen. He died then- in [89 thi abli 

mother passed away at the same place in |S-|. 
They are buried side by side mar the scenes of 
their active and useful lives. Philip I. Yoder 
received hi- early education in the schools of 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio. After completing 
his education he remained at home, assisting his 

father in the work and management of the 
farm, until he had arrived at the age of twenty- 
years, lie then engaged in business for 
himself as a dealer in cattle and horses, buying 
. from the farmers of his county and those ad- 
joining, and driving or shipping to the cities of 
the state which offered the best market. He 
carried on this business for over three years 
with considerable success. In 1863 he disposed 
of his property in Ohio and removed to Henry 
county, Iowa, where he engaged in farming 
and stockraising -until 1881, when desiring to 
enter more extensively into the stock business, 
he sold his Iowa farms and came to Cheyenne, 
then in the territory of Wyoming, looking for 
a suitable location for his enterprise. He re- 
mained for two years in Cheyenne and in 1883 
purchased his present ranch property on Bear 
Creek, about twenty miles east of Chugwater, 
Wyo., and embarked largely in cattle and 
horseraising. In this he was very successful, 
and now is the owner of a fine hay and stock 
ranch in one of the most favored sections of 
the state, having 960 acres of patented land, 
with adjacent land for range purposes, and 
several thousand acres which he holds under 
lease from the state. On October 9, 1863, Mr. 
Yoder was united in marriage at Shanesville, 
< >hiu, with Miss Cinderella Hattery, a native 
of Ohio and the daughter of Joseph and Liddy 
Hattery, both natives of the same state. Her 
parents died when she was a small child ami 
she grew to womanhood in the family of a 
relative. Eight children have come to the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Yoder. I'.eninmin F.,, 
Amanda. Jesse, Oscar, Clara, Ida. Sadie and 
Nina, all now living except Xina. who pa- 
away from earth at the home of her parem 
December _'<>, 1900, at the age of sixteen years. 
Mr. and Mr-. Yoder are active member.- of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and are deeply in- 

'ed in all measure- calcnlat e,l to pn >i 
the \\ork of religion ami charity in the commu- 
nity where they reside. \<> won!- i de- 
signed for the improvement of the condition 
of tin- unfortunate or to contribute to the 
cral welfare of the church goes from them with- 

I & ' 

/! \ Of WYOMING 

out Mib-iantial aid and assistance, and they 
are noted fur tlu-ir man) acts oi < liarity and 
helpfulness lo others. Politically, Mr. Yoder 
is affiliated with the Republican party and is 
an earnest supporter of the principles of that 
organization, although he has never .Bought or 
desired ]>olitical preferment. During- the long 
years <>i' his residence in the territory and state 
of Wyoming, Mr. Yoder has demonstrated his 
ability as a business man and his worth as a 
citizen, being faithful to every responsibility 
that has rested upon him and unfailing in the 
performance of every duty. Though firm and un- 
yielding in what he believes to be right, he is 
ever considerate and just in his dealings with 
others and has commanded the unqualified re- 
spect of all who have come in contact with 
him. P.y his energy, perseverance and un- 
swerving fidelity he has established himself as 
one of the most substantial and highly esteemed 
citizens of Wyoming, and it is to such men as 
he that the state owes its rapid growth, develop- 
ment and prosperity. 


The first American ancestor of this family 
was the German emigrant, Erastus Wyman, 
who came to the Massachusetts Colony before 
the Revolutionary War, in which his 'son, Eras- 
tus. was also a conspicuous actor in the patriot 
army, holding the rank of captain. He was the 
grandfather of William H. Wyman of this re- 
view, and he established himself at an early 
date subsequent to the Revolution in the almost 
unbroken wilderness of St. Lawrence count}', 
N. Y., where he lived a successful and use- 
ful life and developed by his industry, and that 
of his sons, a comfortable home and estate 
from the heavily timbered acres of the primeval 
forest. Henry Wyman, a son of the Revolu- 
tionary hero and St. Lawrence pioneer, was 
reared among the pleasures and discomforts of 
a pioneer home, where hard and constant labor 
was not only the rule of existence, but a neces- 
sity of the times. He remained for years on 
the ancestral acres, continued the improvements 

so alil\ commenced by his parents and had the 
pleasure of beholding broadstretching fields 
producing ample crops take the place of the 
original wilderness. In 1835, however, he re- 
:d to \Yhiiesidc county. 111., there becom- 
ing one of the earliest settlers and tendering his 
services to the Federal Government at the time 
of the Black Hawk War. He married a Miss 
Vienna Olds, born in St. Lawrence county. X. 
Y., in i8i(j. who, after years of unceasing indus- 
try in which she has exemplified the finest quali- 
ties of Christian womanhood, is passing the 
quiet evening twilight of her life in her Illinois 
home. Her paternal grandfather, John Olds, 
born in and a lifelong resident of Xew York 
state, was of German descent, a carpenter and 
cabinetmaker by trade. His wife, Elizabeth 
(Spencer) Olds, was the daughter of William 
Spencer, and of English extraction. Their son, 
Thomas A. Olds, was the father of Mrs. Wy- 
man. Henry Wyman was an old-time Whig, 
a strong supporter of Gen. William H. Harri- 
son, and in 1856 he voted with the Republican 
party, then first presenting a presidential can- 
didate to the country. His great love for home 
prevented him from ever engaging in strife for 
political office for himself. He died in i86t, 
aged forty-seven years. William H. Wyman, 
the youngest of the five children of Henry and 
Vienna (Olds) Wyman, was born on August 18, 
iS^i. in Whiteside county, 111., and there received 
the education given in the district schools of 
the place and period, continuing to abide at his 
Whiteside home engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits until the pioneering proclivities of his race 
sent him westward to Colorado. After a short 
stay in that section he came to- Wyoming in 
7874 and at first engaged in the wild, rough, 
yet fascinating labors connected with prospect- 
ing and mining, pursuing these vocations for 
several years, being prospered in his under- 
takings. Later he became a pioneer in an- 
other industry, holding the first head of cattle 
ever held on the Rattlesnake range of moun- 
tains, then a part of Sweetwater county but 
now in Fremont county, being then in the em- 
employ of the large stockfirm of Beckwith, Ouinn 



\ i O. In 1885 Mr. Wyman located a ranch on 
Bear River, five miles north of lokeville, Wyo., 

where he successfully engaged in raising \\< , 
during tSoj. however, erecting the hotel at 
Cokcville, of which he is the present popular 
and genial landlord. Republican in politics, his 
sterling ability was recognized by his party in 
1900 by his nomination for the responsible of- 
fice of member of the lower house of the state 
lature, to which he was elected by a very 
flattering vote, serving with conceded benefit 
to his constituents and to their general satisfac- 
tion. Among his other possessions Mr. Wy- 
man has oil and copper claims of high prospec- 
tive value, but he has never married. 


( )nc of the pioneer citizens <>t Wyoming 
and the proprietor of the leading hotel of Car- 
bon county is lion. Frederick ( 'r. Wolf, of 
Saratoga, lie is a native of Germany, born in 
thi old state of \Yurtienibcrg. on December 27, 
1845. the son of Frederick (j. and Margaret 
( Xebelmesser) Wolf, both natives of Wnrttcm- 
berg. and well-known and prominent residents. 
his father being the burgomaster of the city 
for eighteen years and also being the revenue 
offii er of the ( ierman government and for many 
years the leading citi/en of his district. His 
Father, 1 redericli G. \\'olf, was also prominent 
and long followed the occupation of wine- 
gardening. < M a family of ten children, the 
subject of this review was the eldesl son. lie 
grew to man's estate in his native city, and ac- 
quired his early education in its public schools. 
\Yhcn he had completed his school life, he was 
ent red as an appr-nl ice ii i the trade oi a 
gardener, continuing in this employment until 
he had attained twenty years, when he was 
drawn into the German armv for a period of 
ears, and in this service in I S< .' i he took 
part in the war between \ustria and Southern 
Germanv against both Prussia and ItaK.and par- 
ticipated in the battle of Tanler I'.ishopshcim, 
in \\hich he was Severely uounded. being badly 
shot in one of his |e^> and compelled to remain 

in hospital for eight weeks before he was able 
to rejoin his regiment. After returning to act- 
ive service he took part in the battle of Wurz- 
burg and was: later in the battle of AshalVm' 
In the latter engagement he was the leader of 
a patrol and was surprised and attacked by a 
largi : force ol the enemy, and during the con- 
flict which followed one of his men wa , shot 
and c ipturcd. and Mr. Wolf received a '. 
wound in the hip and it was only bv shooting 
his assailant that he \\as enable/! to save his 
life and to escape to the camp of his regiment 
which was two miles away. The wound he re- 
ceived proved a serious one, upon reaching his 
camp his boot was full of blood, and he was 
again con lined in hospital for two months. 1 
his recovery he returned to his home, peace hav- 
ing been declared. He continued in the army 
until iSdi>. \\heii his term of scrvio d and 

he determined to seek his fortune in the Xew 
\\orld. Arriving in the city of \\-\v York on 
mber 31, l8o<). he came direct to Indiana 
and located at Michigan City in the emplo\ of 
the Michigan Central Railroad, where he re- 
mained until 1*7, v He then resigned hi- po- 
sition and removed to Rawlins in the territory 
of Wxomii'L;. Here he became a foreman on 
the L'nion I'acitic Railroad and was continued 
in that position until 187''. when he opened a 
wholesale and retail liquor store in the cit\ of 
Rawlins, \\yo._ continuing successful!} CIIL 
in that business until the spring of iS8j. lie 
then disposed of his business and property in 
Ra\\lins and removed to the Matte Yallcv. 
where lie was engaged in tin 1 cattle business 
until 1X87 and during this time he had frequent 
difficulties with the Indians, who were trouble- 
some and caused him some losses 1 
of their thieving propensities. l,m he had no 
more M rions difficulty with them than tin 
of .oine stock. \s he sufl'c' -, 1\ from 

rheumatism, he \\as compelled in retire from 
the cattle biisjnes,. and \\ent to Saratoga f,.r 
the purposi of trying the waters of the hot 
springs there foi In- tronbl. .peiiing a 

lii|U"- ;! that place and conducting it up 

to [892. He then I . if this Lnsin. 

1 88 


good advantage, and going to Cheyenne dur- 
ing the session of the Legislature, he was elected 
sergeant-at-arms of the House of Representa- 

, serving in that capacity until the close of 
ission. I pon his return to Saratoga he 

cd his present large brick hotel and en- 
! in the hotel business. In this he has 
been very successful and has steadily increased 
his accommodations and added to his facilities, 
until he has now the very best accommodations 
for 1 60 guests, and is here already carrying on a 
large and remunerative business, for his great en- 
terprise, public spirit and genuine popularity have 
given his place a wide reputation among the 
traveling public, as well as among the people 
of the vicinity, and his hotel is the most popu- 
lar resort in his section of the state. In Janu- 
ary, 1869, Mr. Wnlf was united in marriage with 
Miss Christiana Waldeman, a native of Wurt- 
temberg, German}-, where her parents were well- 
known and highly respected citizens. To this 
marriage have been born four children, Carrie, 
now Mrs. Alexander Munz of Petersburg, 
Colo., where her husband is engaged in real- 
estate operations ; Freddie, now Mrs. A. T. Dog- 
get t of Denver, Colo. ; Frederick W. (de- 
ceased) ; Henrietta, still at the parental home. 
The son, Frederick W. Wolf, a young man of 
great promise and held in the highest esteem 
in the community, was accidentally drowned in 
Ttil\', 1901, while bathing in the Platte River, 
and his unfortunate death was mourned as a 
public calamity. He was one of the leading 
young men of his section of the state, and at the 
time of the breaking out of the Spanish-Ameri- 
can War was the first to enlist in the local com- 
pany raised for Torrey's regiment of Rough 
Riders. After being mustered out of the serv- 
ice he had returned to Saratoga, and was con- 
nected in the hotel business with his father up to 
the time of his death. His funeral was conducted 
by the Knights of Pythias of Saratoga, of which 
he was vice-chancellor. Mr. Wolf is one of 
the leading citizens of his section of the state, 
and has done much to develop its resources and 
build up its industries, always taking a foremost 
part in the promotion of every enterprise which 

is calculated to benefit the public and contribut- 
ing of his time and means to all worthy meas- 
ures for the good of the community, he stands 
high in the respect of his neighbors and of all 
the people of that portion of Wyoming. He 
has been very successful and is counted one of 
the solid business men and substantial prop- 
erty owners of Carbon county. 


One of the most substantial and best known 
stock industries of Wyoming is that of the Will- 
son Brothers, of Manville, Converse county. The 
firm consists of George L. and Eugene B. Will- 
son, both natives of Illinois and sons of George 
C. and Arathusa (Parkhurst) Willson, who were 
born in Massachusetts, their paternal grand- 
father, Luther Willson, being a native of the 
old town of Braintree, and one of the leading 
ministers of the Unitarian faith in the common- 
wealth and one of the founders of Unitarian- 
ism in America. In 1836, when in very early 
manhood George C. Wilson removed to the state 
of Illinois, then on the extreme western fron- 
tier of America, he was so highly pleased 
with this new country that he determined to 
make it his future home, in 1837 returning to 
his native state, where he married and im- 
mediately returned with his bride to Illinois. 
He established his home at Como, Whiteside 
county, and was elected as a justice of the peace 
at that place. George L. Willson was born in 
Whiteside county, 111., on November i, 1848, 
and Eugene B. Willson was born at the same 
place on October 18, 1852. They received their 
early educational training in the public schools 
of the vicinity of their boyhoods' home, and 
there attained manhood. In 1870 Eugene B. 
Willson left his native state and came to Chey- 
enne, in the territory of Wyoming. This was 
then in the frontier days of Wyoming, and there 
were few habitations where the city of Cheyenne 
now stands. In 1872 George L. Willson joined 
his brother at Cheyenne, and in 1873 a still 
younger brother, Edmund, came here also. The 
brothers engaged in the responsible duties of 



surveying', under the general direction of I he 
firm of Hay & Thomas, I". S. surveyors, and 
continued in tin- occupation fur several y< 
until in July, iSSo, tb luded to eng 

and ma ' mem 

on their present holdings in Converse county, 
'iich on Novi . brought 

the first band of sheep ever taken into the north- 
ern section of Wyoming-. The business was 
conducted under the firm name of Willson >\ 
Rasniussen until iSSS, v L. and 

Eugene I'., Willson purchased the entire in- 
teri oi Mr. Rasmus-en and formed the firm 
of Willson Bros., which has continued its 
operations to the present time and has met with 
ss. The firm is also interested 
in horses, having a large band of fine Hamble- 
tonian thoroughbreds and also run a fine herd 
of Hereford and Shorthorn cattle. They own 
sever-;! ihons.-ind acres of land, with large 
meadows, and grew each year many hundivds 
of tons of alfalfa and other hay, which is I 
in the care of their own slock. They at 
the most progressive and successful slckmen 
of W\ Miniug. An older brother. William, also 
served with distinction in the Civil War. and 
died February 27. 1*04. from an illness con- 
tracted during his arnn life. An unmarried sis- 
ter, who has an interest in her brothers' busi 
ness, has made several visits to them from her 
eastern home and she lias always shown a keen 
and intelligent interest in their operations. 
Eugene I'.. Wills. > n v d in marriav 

lnl\ 23, [890, with Miss Isabel Mack, a native 
of Ohio. She is a graduate of \VoltV Hall in 
Denver, Colo., and her first visit i<> Wvoming 
was made in her childhood when Cheyenni 
could boas I but feu trees and ni 'lie ol the tine 
buildings of toda\. Shi- also holds a diploma 
as a trained nurse IP im a pro ; hi ispital 

in ( "hica^i i, \\ here she was ' t! '' ' 

in city mi--ionar\ work. To their union 
have been born four children. Eugeni I'ark-hurst. 
l ; .diri Lucille. Kenneth Mack and I'Yederick 
Brooks. The famiK is held in hivji esteem l.\ 
a large circle of friends and acquaintances and 
the Will-on I'.rothers -land in the front rank of 

the representative citizens of Wyoming, and 

their enterprise and energy have done much 

. elop the resources and promote the wel- 

state in which they 

ha\ e i tablished thei; ce. 


Although Wyoming is the youngest, in our 

of states, and her history covers scarcely 

more than a g-eneration of men, she has never- 

ss contributed to the business and social 

- of the country a liberal share of prodne- 

cnergies and live, active, influential men. 

Among the latter Eugene Amoretti, Jr., of 

Lander holds a ,', high place, to which 

. isily risen by reason of his scholarship. 

his urbanity of manner and his genuine busi 

capacity. Tie was born at South Pass, Fre- 

mont county, Wyo., on January 12, 18/1. the 

son of Rugene and Mary Amoretti. descendants 

of a royal line of Italy aim natives of Venice, 

thai rare beautiful city which rose like Aphrodite 

fn/m the sea. What he is. therefore, altK 

of noble lineage, he is all Wyoming's own. His 

parents came to the United States in the earlv 

Eorties and t<> Wyoming in 1868. He was edu- 

cated at the University of Notre Dan 

South I'.end. hid., at the Collev, of the Sacred 

Mean at Denver and at the Friends College 

at ' imaha. < >n leaving school he engaged in 

the business of raising and selling cattle and 

sheep, taking up a place of 240 acres on Horse 

' ii Fremonl county, which he still 
and on which lie cot cattle 

business. He i- also an important factor in the 
affairs of the Stock lirouers' Hank a: 
Mi ml., i if which he is nt. and holds 

a lar-e inlere-l in the Lander Klectric I 
1 . being iis manager and giving to its devcl- 
it the mil benefit of his s'uperior executive 
abilitv. In addition t. < these ent ' , he is 

manager \ the large rollermills at l.ande- 
carries ,,,] an extensive real-estate husiiu - 
the town and county. I lax in- a taste and a 
decided capacilv for jinblic a ("fairs. Mr. Amo- 
retli gives to ilu- welfare of ihe community and 


vs// / Ml- \ OF WYOMING. 

its proper development due attention, and his 
potential voice is always heard in reference to 
matter-- touching tin- progress anil improve- 
ment of his section of the state. I Ir served the 
cit) two years as councilman and the county 
t\vo years as treasurer, and. although his serv- 
iees were valuable and highly appreciated and 
he was urged to continue them, he declined on 
account of his personal interests, which were 
engrossing, to stand for a reelection. He is a 
member of the Masonic order and has pursued 
its mystic and sxmbolic teachings up to and 
also including the Thirty-second degree of the 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. He is 
also a noble of the Mystic Shrine of Corean 
Temple at Rawlins and a member of the local 
ledge of the Knights of Pythias. On Novem- 
ber 18, 1891, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Eloise Creedon of Omaha, Neb., where 
the nuptials were celebrated, the bride being a 
daughter of P. ]. and Margaret (Clark) Creedon 
of Pennsylvania. Her mother is deceased, but 
her father now lives in Omaha, Neb. Two chil- 
dren, Margaret and Eloise. have blessed the 
union and enlivened the beautiful home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Amoretti. 


The life of the hardy pioneer in the wilds of 
a new country is a hard one and it has little to 
relieve its monotonous round of toil, peril and 
privation. It is however frequently relieved and 
blessed by the helpful presence of a devoted 
woman, who leaves the pleasures and securities 
of civilization to cast her lot in the west with the 
man of her choice, braving whatever fate awaits 
her by his side. This is in brief the story of 
Airs. Josephine E. Baldwin of Lander, the widow 
of the late Major N. Baldwin, one of the earliest 
pioneers of Wyoming and the first white woman 
seen in this part of the country. She was a 
daughter of Joseph and Eveline (Leak) Wright, 
natives of New York, Friends in religion and 
well esteemed wherever they were known. Her 
father was a wholesale leather merchant in New 
York City, where he died of cholera in 1832 

soon after his daughter, the younger of his two 
children, was Imrn. In 1835 her mother again 
married with I'hilemon Canlield, a prominent 
contractor and builder. In 1849 he and Mr. 
I'.aldwin yielding to the persuasive voice of 
California offering her newly discovered golden 
treasures to an eager world, left their native 
heath for the distant Eldorado. In 1854 Mr. 
Canfield returned to "the States" for his family, 
and soon after their arrival in San Francisco 
Miss Josephine Wright became Mrs. Noyes 
I'.aldwin, the nuptials being solemnized on Sep- 
tember :;, 1854. She had been well educated at 
private schools in New York, and having in- 
herited from a determined and self-reliant ances- 
I ry a resolute spirit, was ready for any emer- 
gency that might arise in her new home. Mr. 
I'.aldwin was born on September 8. 1826, at 
Woodbridge, Conn., the son of Lyman and 
Marie (Beach) Baldwin, being a contractor and 
builder. After a short period in California sub- 
sequent to his marriage, he took his wife to her 
native city, and returning to the Pacific coast, 
! ought a brig and left for Valparaiso, Peru, to 
make divings for sunken treasures in the Pacific. 
When he got back to California he sent for his 
wife and they remained in the state until 1857, 
then again returned to New York, where he 
went into business with Mrs. Baldwin's step- 
father until 1859. when they again made their 
home in California, a short time later removing 
to Nevada where he opened a hotel at Silver 
City, and conducted it until the Civil War broke 
out, when he raised a hundred volunteers for the 
service and was made captain of Co. B. First 
Nevada Cavalry. He soon rose by merit to the 
rank of major, was ordered with his command 
to Fort Churchill and soon after was sent to 
I amp Douglas, near Salt Lake City, on account 
of the Mormon uprising. In 1863 he was trans- 
ferred to Fort Bridger, Wyo., and from- there 
to Provo. Utah, and after passing a short time 
among the Danites. returned to Fort Bridger, 
where he was placed in command of the post. 
During his military service he entertained a num- 
ber of officers afterwards distinguished in the 
Federal army, among them Generals Sheridan 



and Miles. Towards the end of 1863 he and 
('aptain Skelton organi/ed a band of prospectors, 
but owing to the hostility of the Indians the pro- 
ject was abandoned after a few claims were lo- 
cated at South I'ass, \Y\o. In July, 1865. he was 
mustered out of service and came to Land< r 
\"alley. making his own roads, and began trading 
with the Indians for furs and skins which be- 
took overland to Salt Lake, leaving his family in 
Lander Yallcv during his absence. In 1868 he 
erected and opened the first store at South T'ass 
and bought goods by the carload at Bcnton or 
old Fort Steele, his wife attending to the store in 
his absence. About this time he started a news- 
paper in companv with Col. E. A. Slack, now 
a resident of Cheyenne. They received gold 
dust as money, and it being hard to make change, 
he issued tickets good for the requisite amount 
in goods at his store. In 1868 he built a new 
house on Baldwin Creek, and the Indians soon 
after becoming hostile, about sixty miners came 
down from Miner's Delight to protect him and 
bis family and rescue them from a perilous situa- 
tion, and while on their way the miners found 
seven men who had been killed by savages and 
hastened to o>iivov the Baldwins to South Pass. 
Two years later the I". S. government sent troops 
to Kort Brown and in iSjj Kurt Stanbangh was 
established, and the major appointed posttrader 
and postmaster, remaining there in that dual ca- 
pacity for ten years having many thrilling exper- 
iences with the Indians. Tn 1X7. , lu returned to 
the vallev and built the house now occupied by 
Mrs. Baldwin, having a year previous sent P. P. 
Dickinson forward with merchandise to sell on 
commission. In iSS^ he took charge of the en- 
terprise and built the store now '--inducted by his 
sou. Melvin I'.aldwin, to whom he sold it in 1890. 
On January u. iS.,_>. after a career of unusual 

adventure and Usefulness, lie died at his late 
home and was laid to rest \\ith every demon 
tion nf popular affection iii the beautiful r. 
lie had d> me 50 much to civili/e and fructify. I h- 
i a valued member of the Masmiic fraternity 
and also i>f tin- Grand \rm\ of the Republic. 
Throughout their eventful married life Mrs. 
Baldwin entered fulK inti. all of his aspirations 

and designs, pruving herself a worthy com- 
panion for the bold, resourceful and produc- 
tive man whose name is a synonym for the bi si 
<|iialitii-s of the very highest type of \merican 
pioneer and soldier. They have nine children, all 
living, Alinonto. wife of Svlvester Read, now de- 
ceased; Evelyn, wife of Dr. Thoma- G. Maghee 
of Uawlins, \\\o., Melville, merchant at Lander: 
Stella, wife of John Chittham of Lander: 
Louisa, wife of J. Ludin of Xew York City; 
George, the first child born in Lander Valley, 
now at Lander; Josephine; Cracc; Klorence. wife 
of (iriftith Magee. of Rawlins. 


Xothing in the historv of the American peo 
pie is more remarkable or more indicative of 
their real character than the lofty courage, stern 
endurance, unflagging industry and readiness for 
every requirement shown by the pioneers or 
early settlers in all parts of our land. Every 
town of consequence, which is not the suddt i 

product of trade conditions, venerates the 
memor) oi some sterling, though it ma\ be rug- 
ged founder, who anticipating the tide of emi- 
gration which has been llo\\ing from the Atlantic 
seaboard steadily to\\ard the sunset until it has 
overspread the' whole country, planted his foot 
in the \\ildernes- and heued out a new h 
wherein his hopes might expand, and nourish. 
To this class belonged the late dishing \Y. 
lUitterfield of Crook county, Wyoming, who was 
one of the substantial and forceful elements in 
the early settlement and civili/ati"ti. lie was 
a native of Vermont, coming with parents to 
Iowa late in the sixties he pa 
years at Ihirant, Cedar county, and there he met 
and married with Miss 1 lattie C. ('oilier, a na- 
tive of Ohio, and t|ir\ scon after removed to 

( I'Brien county in the same state where he \\as 
engaged in farming until iSSj. At that time he 
came overland to \Y\oming. bringing his young 
family and arriving at Beulab in July. \Yithin 
hi- arrn h iled the ranch on 

Red \Yaier Creek, eighteen miles northeast of 
Sundance, which is now owned bv his 

1 9 2 


i-ge C. and Burdette S. Butterfield. Only 
three ranches were occupied and under cultiva- 
tion on the creek when this family settled there 
and the country was yet the primeval wilderness 
the habitat of the savage and wild beast. All 
the privations and dangers of remote pioneer life 
were to be encountered and all the conveniences 
and blandishments of cultivated life to be fore- 
gone. Yet with resolute hearts and lofty courage 
the family entered into a contest where men, 
beasts and nature seemed arrayed' against them, 
and went steadily forward from victory to vic- 
tory. They began an industry in raising cattle 
and horses which was conducted under the 
direction of the father until 1888 when he 
turned it over to his sons and went to Nebraska. 
He remained there but a short time, then re- 
turned to Wyoming where he died in September, 
1890. His widow survived him eleven years 
dying in 1901. No residents of the county were 
better known or more highly esteemed. Mr. 
Bntterfield was noted far and wide for his great 
industry and his stern and unyielding integrity. 
He was always active in politics as a Republican 
but never sought office for himself, being a man 
of lofty public spirit and the most progressive 
ideas. The family consists of four children. 
William H. Butterfield. the eldest son, born in 
1868. is perhaps the best-known man of the 
name in the live stock circles of the state. He 
was one of the early range riders of the county, 
riding for a number of large cattle companies 
and winning high commendation for. his skill 
and courage. He is now a wealthy stock dealer 
and cattle feeder on a very extensive scale at 
Wisner, Neb., where in 1891 he married with 
Miss Bessie L. Mansfield and has since made his 
home there, taking occasional business trips to 
Wyoming. Burdette S., the second child, was 
born in 1870 and was married in 1899 to Miss 
Ella Douglas, a Crook county lady, resident in 
the county since she was six months old. Mr^ 
Minnie B. Rich, the third child and only daugh- 
ter, was educated at the State Normal School at 
Spearfish, S. D., and was fur a number of years 
one of the county's most popular teachers. She 
married on June 10. 1899, Henry E. Rich, a 

;>r< onerous ranchman and resides eight miles 
north of Sundance. The youngest son and 
child, George C. Butterfield, was born in March, 
18711. at Sheldon, Jo\\a, and grew to manhood 
in Crook county and was educated at the public 
schools supplemented by instruction at the State 
Normal School at Spearfish, S. D. After leaving 
school he joined his father on the farm and 
since then has been occupied with its work and 
improvement. In 1897 he and his brother Bur- 
dette S. formed a partnership for conducting a 
stock business and since have been engaged in 
raising cattle and horses on a scale of increas- 
ing magnitude. They have 880 acres of land in 
addition to the fine home ranch on Red Water 
Creek which their father took up, the properties 
being well improved, with good buildings and 
cultivated with assiduous industry and skill. 
They understand their business thoroughly, hav- 
ing had years of practical experience, and are 
well acquainted with localities and with people in 
northern Wyoming and adjoining states. They 
are Republicans in politics but have never al- 
lowed office to be thrust upon them. The brothers 
all belong to the Modern Woodmen of America, 
B. S. and G. C., all holding membership in the 
lodge at Beulah, except W. H. whose affiliation 
is at Wisner. Young, active, progressive and 
highly esteemed, with a full and accurate knowl- 
edge of their business and tireless energy in push- 
ing it, as social factors welcomed in every desir- 
able circle, being in accord with the best tenden- 
cies in civil affairs, the Butterfield brothers are on 
the threshold of a fruitful and promising future. 
Burdette has made his home on the ranch and 
George has been dealing in stock as a com- 
mission merchant in addition to his ranching 


Every clime and every land has given of 
their people to develop the Great Northwest of 
the United States, and no element in the inter- 
esting conglomerate of our population has firm- 
er fiber or greater fertility of resources than 
that coming from old England, and among 



those who owe their ancestry to that country 
.\lr\andcr P. rJattrum, now prominent in 
financial circles and the public life of Fremont 
count}-, \Yyi nniny, has an honored place. He 
is a nativ.r of County Suffolk, Rutland, born 
on December 12, 1838, his parents ! 
Thomas and Esther (Parker) I'.attrum, mem- 
bers of families long resident in 1 liat part of 
England and of standing and influence. The 
father was a merchant and farmer and had his 
son Alexander, the sole surviVor of -his three 
children, educated with care. When he was 
1 years of age, in 1855, the young man 
detenu i; K-d to seek the smiles of fortune for 
himself in the New World and he set sail for 
the l/nited States, locating on his arrival in 
y, 111., where he found profitable 
agricultural pursuits ready to his hand. After 
.1 .-hort time he removed to Hancock county, 
and there followed his chosen vocation until the 

inni f the Civil War. when he promptly 
enlisted in Co. I, Sixteenth Illinois Infantry, 
with which h- took : part in a number of im- 
, ' \z reinlisting in the 
regiment. Receiving an ugly saber cut 
at the battle of Corinth soon after, in December 
of thai year he was discharge.! on accoui 
physical disability and returned to his home in 
Illinois. In the spi ol i < , ' came to Ne- 
vada and found congenial c. tnploynicnt in the 
lumber business and a little later in teaming. 
which he followed for three years. Tie then 
urn at mining and hotelkeeping at 
Treasure Flill, near Shcrmaniown. which l.i 
two hen in the l''re\burg di-trict he fol- 

' miring and teaming- for .1 year, then, 
: season in < 'alii cei urned 

.(\burg, thence a short time later remov- 
ing to I'ii "'lie. v, here he ! in min- 
ing ,; , (.raising for five years. In 
he came to \Vymnir.g and siaried a permanent 

S, having sent a band of h" 
into the state two re of 

Messrs, \tkin> \- Oillis. Me boughl the land 

on which lie has sin. 
sistinv of the 400 ac- 1 ah. nit -ix miles 

of lh'- town, which he has rcccntlv 

and there he built up and conducted a profitable 
and e'-.panding trade in graded Hereford cat- 
tle and desirable breeds of thoroughbred horses, 

line barn and outbuildings. He is still 

interoied in a similar en 1 on 960 acres 

of land on i rreen River in I'inta county, and is 

ly alive to even element . n progress in the 

count}' and every financial, intellectual and 

i of the advancing tides. In 1900 

he v lected o ami icr and at the 

ion of the board was chosen president. 
His services to the county in this position have 
been universally commended as wise and valua- 
ble. He is a member of the order of Odd Fel- 
lows, holding the rank of past grand in the lo- 
cal lodge, and belongs to the Grand Army of 
the Krpv.blic. ( iii \ngust i. 1886. he married 
Mrs. di Clark, of Lander, the capable 

\ oi V\ illiam * lark. \\ ho v ; n to 

death in this comity. In their attractive resi- 
dence in Lander a warm genially and 
hospitality are ever present. They have had 
two children. Viola E., :i Student Boul- 

der, Colo., Xormal School, and Leslie V. killed 
by a horse i:: iSo<j. I'.y her first marriage ?drs. 
Piattrum liad !ive children, four of whom are 

; [i IN. 11. L. CA1 LAWAY, M. I). 

The ancesiry of the distinguished citizet 

unit count}-, Wyoming, wl me heads 

th i i races back thro: 

of gallant Keninckians to prominent fam- 
ilies ( if Virgi iled in the < Md 1 ' 
from an earl] Colonial period. The Doctor 
sents in his character ;h. ' .icteristics 
of both ites, being L po ' :nly and 
cultivated " nllcman of rare professional skill. 

order. Tlvse qualil ,:ibined with his 

v ices in ' 'i v- 'ill till- de\ 

men! and the bni! ' of Wyom- 

ing have given him a warm place in tk 
of the pei M le, \\ hich hi- capal .-live 

sen ices in tli. State Sen fi ' ainl 

enlarged. Doctor < ' born in the 



cultured cil\ of Lexinglon, l\y., mi < >ctolier 27, 
18(14. the -.Hi of Dr. J. B. and Ella (Logan) 
Callaway, both of ancient Knglish lineage, 
Americanized and improved by a long connec- 
tion with the thrilling event.s uf \ irginia Colo- 
nial and Revolutionary history and with fron- 
tier life in the Blue Grass state, the father being 
a physician and surgeon of skill and promi- 
nence. The atmosphere of his home, which 
after the war period was removed to Missouri, 
was keenly intellectual, and of his family of six 
children, three sons engaged in medicine or 
dentistry. Dr. L. H. is a practicing physician 
of Xevada, Mo. ; Dr. H. L. of Lander, Wyo. ; 
Frank B. of Nevada, Mo. ; Dr. William L., a 
dentist of Xevada, Mo. ; Sarah, wife of G. R. 
Godfrey of Xevada, Mo. ; Ella, wife of Eugene 
Parish, also of Xevada, Mo. Dr. H. L. Calla- 
way received his early literary training in the 
schools of Xevada, Mo., suppplementing this 
by a three-years' course of study at the Central 
College of Fayette, Mo. Thereafter he matric- 
ulated in the St. Louis Medical College, pur- 
suing the scientific and technical studies neces- 
sary to the complete equipment of a physician 
and surgeon for two years, then continuing 
these studies at that noted institution, the Uni- 
versity of Louisville, Ky., for one year, then 
devoting one year to hospital practice in the 
Missouri Pacific Railroad Hospital at St. Louis, 
Mo., still further pursuing his investigations 
and medical study for another year at the Beau- 
mont Medical College of St. Louis, from which 
he was graduated in 1890 as M. D. With this 
splendid preparation and mental equipment, 
Doctor Callaway began an active professional 
life at Lander, Wyo., in 1891, and here he has 
since resided, enjoying a marked personal popu- 
larity and controlling a large and representative 
patronage. He keeps in touch with the marked 
advances of the sciences of which he is the local 
interpreter by reading the best and latest litera- 
ture and through his connection with medical 
societies, and his skill as a physician and sur- 
ge' m has often been demonstrated. The Doc- 
tor has been a very prominent factor in the de- 
velopment of this section of Wyoming, is inter- 

ested to some extent in its stock industry, in its 
oil territory and in its mining and is one of the 
promoter*- ami founders of the thriving town 
of Thermopolis. Indeed, all things which he has 
touched have seemed to prosper, while in all 
ways he stands as one of the best representa- 
tives of the professional and cultured people of 
the state. In 1896 his talents and zeal in the 
cause of the people had become so manifest that 
he was placed in nomination by the Democratic 
party as -its carfdidate for state senator, being 
successful at the polls by a triumphant majority, 
holding the office for four years. Fraternally the 
Doctor has attained the Knights Templar de- 
gree in the Masonic order and is affiliated with 
the Knights of Pythias. At the present writing 
he is a member of the city council of Lander, 
and he is at all times and under all circum- 
stances a liberal contributor of time and means 
to the advancement and interests of the city, 
his county and his state. He has a host of 
friends, winning and retaining them by his ad- 
.mirable qualities of head and heart. 


The immediate progenitors of Mr. Luman 
were in the true sense representative men and 
women, whose integrity, moral worth and in- 
tellectual endowments gave them standing and 
influence. His father, James Luman, was a 
native of Ohio and an industrious tiller of the 
soil who followed agricultural pursuits in 
Ohio for some years and then changed his 
residence to West Virginia where he continued 
his chosen calling until his removal in 1855 to 
Kansas, where he passed the remainder of his 
life, dying in 1865 at the age of fifty-six. He 
was an honorable and upright man of un- 
impeachable character, a great lover of home 
and a liberal provider for his family. He never 
aspired to public distinction but was content 
to pursue the even tenor of his way, as a plain, 
honest farmer, and to be known only as a pri- 
vate citizen. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Matilda Anchram, was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, was married in Ohio and departed this 



life in St. Joseph county. Mo., in iSSo. She 
possessed a beautiful Christian character and 
was a zealous worker in her church anil early 
instilled into the minds of her seven children the 
principles of religion by which her own life 
was directed. Aimer Luman was horn on 
February _>.}, 1.^40, in West Virginia and ac- 
companied bis parents to Kansas when but 
six years old. His boyhood and youth sped 
away on the farm, and in the public schools 
he secured his first instructions in the mysteries 
of education. At an early age he became ani- 
mated with a desire to see something of the 
world, and when a mere youth he made a trip 
to \ew Mexico and shortly after his return went 
: I '(iiver, Colo., in the vicinity of which city he 
remained until September. iSdi\ then went fur- 
tin T west, passing the winter in various parts of 
i lab, then made his way to Montana, where 
for ten years he was engaged in staging and 
freighting. \Yhile thus employed Mr. Luman 
drove to all the principal points of the western 
States and territories, meeting with thrilling 
e :periences, not always free from adventure 
and danger. On discontinuing the above work 
he began trailing cattle and -beep for different 
- from the northwest to Clievnne and 
after tuo years at this business l u . ^avc up his 
position and engaged in the stock business upon 
his own responsibility, locating a ranch in 

t water count}', Wyo.. in iSSo. from which 
time dales his career as an independenl t 
in the business world. Mr. Luman began by 
bme le and sheep, and in dm time ex- 

tended his operations until he had a large and 
uell stocked ranch and was on the high road 
to prosperity. In purchasing stock he traveled 
nsively over nearly ever) part of the west, 
coming in contact with the leading cattle and 

sheep raisers, every day beeomin n and 

more experienced as a close observer and far- 

| business man. \Yithoni going into de 
laiN. suffice il to say that from the beginning 
his business met bis mosl sanguine expecta- 
h year hi ons grew in mag- 

nitude until he became knov :li, 

\Y\oming. He continued dealing in cattle and 
sheep and since iSoo he has largely extended 
his operations in sheep. Mr. Luman's success 
lias been commensurate with the efforts he has 
put forth, owning several large ranches in 
Wyoming and Idaho, besides valuable prop- 
erty throughout the west, including a fine resi- 
dence in Salt Lake City, where his family reside. 
Of a persevering and indomitable nature, he 
has sturdily and persistently held to his course; 
obstacles he has encountered and many of his 
best achievements were wrested from condi- 
tions which would have insured certain defeat 
to men of less courageous resolution. To rise 
equal to emergencies and to overcome difficul- 
ties have been among his chief characteristics, 
and being a man of sound judgment and prac- 
tical expedients be seldom addresses himself 
to an undertaking without careful plans fur 
carrying it to a successful conclusion. He 
is a man of action rather than of \\ords. His 

mind is strongly analytical and in ; - deep 

and wide. He is decidedly utilitarian, energy 
of character, firmness of purpose and unswerv- 
ing integrity being among his most pronounced 
traits. He looks searchingly and comprehen- 
sively into the nature of probable results and 
possesses the rare faculty of seeing with ac- 
curacy the end from the beginning. Indefati- 
gable and with earnestness of purpose, he goes 
forward where others hesitate, is confident 
where others doubt and wins success where 
others \\onld see nothing hut discouragement, 
if not disaster. A sanguine disposition has 
rnabled him to lake advantage of circumstances 
and where opportunities are lacking he pos- 

s the power to create them. \s a citi/en 
Mr. Luman is popular with all cl id in 

his home life few are as happy and < 

coinforlabb situated. His home at Salt 
is Mile of ilie beautiful and attractive pri- 

residenees of the cilv and tlo lin 
worldlv cares are permitted to disturb the quiet 
of the domestic circle or to interfere with its 

. nit} . It is preside 

lady of culture and refinement, with whom he 
1 >c|i iber __, |SS,. her maiden 


name being lennctte Sncddcn. and she is the 
daughter ni" koliiTt ami Mar\ I M ontcith ) Sncd- 
dcn, natives respectively of Scotland and the 
United States. She has borne her husband 
srven ehildren, Eugene, jennette, Kenneth T-. 
Man, 1'hillis, Richard, Frank and Rock, all 
living" but the t\v<i last named, \vlm departed 
this lii'e when the\ were eleven years and eleven 
months i ild respectively. Mr. Luman has every 
reason to feel proud of his family, the domes- 
tic circle in many respects approaching the ideal 
in the mutual love and interest which the dif- 
ferent members manifest. He has provided for 
his children the best educational advantages 
obtainable and considers no reasonable sacri- 
fice too great to fit and prepare them for useful 
stations in the world. These laudable efforts 
are heartily seconded by the wife and mother, 
and both parents and children have harmoniously 
cooperated for this desirable end. 


George F. Chapman, one of the leaders of 
the enterprising citizens of Evanston. WM>- 
ming, comes of sturdy Yankee stock, for his 
parents and grandparents were all natives of 
Massachusetts, where he himself was born in 
Canton, in 1860, his father being Oliver S. Chap- 
man, born at Belchertown, Mass., in 1811, and 
during his mature life he was always interested 
in railroads and railroad building, aiding in the 
construction of the first railroad in Massachu- 
setts and being a member of the first board of 
directors of the Union Pacific Railroad. Politi- 
cally he was a Republican, and his life ended 
in 1879, his remains being buried at Canton, 
Mass. His wife, the mother of George F. 
Chapman, was Elizabeth Everett, born in 1817 
at Canton, Mass., where she was married and 
lived until two years ago, when she also passed 
away. Her remains rest beside those of her 
husband. Her father, Leonard Everett, and her 
mother also were natives of Massachusetts and 
their remains also rest in the attractive ceme- 
tery at Canton. George F. Chapman was edu- 
cated at Canton and in the Massachusetts Me- 

rlianical University of Techiii >1> >!4\ . Gradual- 
ing from the latter in 1878, he came In < Imaha, 
Neb., engaged in railroading, and at the time- 
he closed his connection with this road he \\as 
the master mechanic of the Union Pacific Rail- 
road, with headquarters at Evanston. Having 
hi-eiiinc largely interested in ranching property 
in company with his brother, ]. E. Chapman, he 
ably engaged in the active management of its 
affairs and also with a meat business in Evans- 
ton, which was started fifteen years ago. and 
at the present writing the brothers own 56,000 
acres of land in Rich county, Utah, which they 
devote principally to sheepraising. In politics 
Mr. Chapman is a Republican, and he was elect- 
ed a member of the legislature of Wyoming in 
1892 and served with credit to himself and bene- 
fit to his constituents, manifesting legislative 
qualities of a high character. Mr. Chapman 
was first married in 1882 to Eliza Copen, who, 
like himself, was a native of Canton, and de- 
scended from Colonial families of Massachu- 
setts. Her parents were George and Clara ( P.oy- 
ton) Copen, whose mortal remains were buried 
in their native place, Massachusetts. Mrs. 
( "hapman died about four years ago, leaving her 
husband with four children: Ruth, George H., 
Elizabeth L. and Frederick. About two years 
ago Mr. Chapman again entered matrimony 
with a member of the distinguished old Ames 
family, which has furnished so many notable 
people of the state and nation, being prominent 
in every generation from Colonial days. She 
was Alice Ames, a daughter of Frank and Cath- 
erine (Copcland) Ames, of whom the father is 
dead and the mother a resident of Boston. 


This well-known stockman, whose ranch is 
located seven miles north of Evanston, Uinta 
county. Wyoming, was born in Summercoates, 
Derbyshire, England, on December 19. 1853, 
a son of William and Hannah (Clark) Brown. 
The father was engaged in mining in England 
and is now a farmer in Providence, Utah, being 
a member of the Latter Dav Saints church. 



Mrs. Hannah i Clark i I'.roun uas called fri >nf 
earth at Almy on January -'5, 1882, at the a-e 
of forty-six \cars, and her remains \vriv there 
interred. James and Manila (England) ('lark, 
the parents (if Mrs. Hannah I'.roun. \\ere also 
native^ of [''.upland, the former liein- a sun nf 
Josiah and Mar\ ( Skevingh m i llmuu and an 
engineer liy professii HI. In \^J\ the Brown 
famiK came to the L'nited States and settled in 
I I. ill. At the a tie of nine years Adin E. went 
to \\ork in the mine-, of England, and mining 
uas his occuiiatiiin until lie had attained his 
majority, when, about 187,?. he entered eighty 
acres of his present homestead, which is now 
jointly owned by himself and wife and is located 
in Almy. Mrs. Harriet Drown, wife of Adin 
lirown. owned MO acres at Hillianl, \Yyo.. 
about twenty-five miles south of Evanston, 
which is nou *>iml\ o\\ned by herself and Inis- 
liand. Adin I 1 ".. I'.rown was married in Almy on 
September _'S, 1X73, to Miss Harriet Uower, a 
daughter of \Villiam and Martha (Davis) 
I lower, natives of lUinslcy, Xottinijiaiushire. 
Emjand. uho came to L'inta county, Wyo., on 
July 4, iS7_>. The father of Mrs. I'.rown was a 
son of Christopher and Helen (Housley) 
I'.owcr. also natives of 1 ".upland. William 
I'.owcr uas born on July l<). iS^_>, was a farmer, 
and died at Croydon, Utah, on Julv ji, [890; 
his widow nou resides in D . Idaho. Mr. 

and Mrs. Adin E. I'.roun had twelve children, 
of uhoin one was the wife of \Yilliam Xisbilt. 
and departeil this life on March [O, i S> i ) ; \Yil- 
liam H. married Mi-s Xellie Aiklcii. and is liv- 
ing in Lafayette, Colo. ; Herbert is married to 
Mabel Codbcr and resides in Milliard, Wyo.; 
Annie K., wife of I'.en jamin Benjamini ol 
Spring Valley, I "inta county, \\'yo. : Maud M.. 
died in infancy: Adin. Jr., died July 7, io<>. 
aged nine months and SIXt< en 

da\ s ; Eraiik married Eli/aheth I'.oan and lives 
in Spring Valley. \\"\ o. ; ( 'liarles Milton, dieil 
an infant; Harriet 11. and I.yman are still liv- 
ing, and the two others died in infancy. Mr. 
I'.rown is one of the most enterprising f.n 
and cattlemen in I 'inta connl\ and In his in- 
dustry he has done much io de\ el. ip the p 

perity of the community. The family en 
the esteem of all their neighbors, and the neat- 
ness and thrift which characterixe his ranch 
are matters of universal admiration and com- 
mendation. Me is the "architect of his own 
fortune." and deserves all the praise, which is 
accorded him. Me is the kind of a man that 
a newly settled section of a countrv most profit* 
by in securing- as a resident, and the citizens of 
I "inta county may well. congratulate themselves 
at having his presence among them. 


An energetic, progressive and widewake 
stockgrower and liveryman of Thermo; 
one of the first public officials of his county, 
helping to fix the metes and bounds and estab- 
lish the character of its political and official de- 
partments and always actively and practically 
interested in the welfare of his community, 
imind (.'usack is thoroughly identified with the 
growth and development of \Y\oming and has 
a good n-cord of faithful service to his credit 
wherever he has lived. He is a native of I 
cnworth. Kan., born m 1859, the son of John 
and Mary Tnsack, who came to that state from 
their native Ireland so, MI alter they were mar- 
ried. In iSi>7 they removed county. 
Xeb., where their son Edmund was reared and 
educated. In iSS5 he came to \Y\oming. locat- 
ing first at Cheyenne and later in the Ilighorn 
basin. Here for \ears he rode the range and 
in tSS7 located a homestead at the month of 
( >wl Creek, where he engaged in stockraising. 
farming and carrying the C. S. mail under con- 
tract, having the first route from I .ost Cabin. 
He has given up his contract for carrying the 
mails, but still retains his ranch of 320 acres 
and carries ( ,n hj s stocl -s. handling 
and cattle In i SoS he 
landising at Thcrmopoli-. but 
sold out in Hio:i. Tuo vears later he Marled his 
presenl liverj bu in the to\\n and. 

1 his 
enterprisi <" meel ing them, he 1 

id bus} e in 



respecl and one of the finest of its kind 
in a large snipe of country. In politics Mr. 
ck is an ardenl Democrat, always lending 
aid to his party's campaigns. He was a mem- 
ber of the tir^t hoard of county commissioners 
eli 'led in Bighorn county and was one of the 
tirsi justices of the peace in this part of the 
country. In the administration of both offices 
he had important function- to perform and won 
general commendation by his fidelity, intelli- 
gence and breadth of view. He belongs to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. At Meeteetse, 
in 1890, he was married with Miss Almyra 
Adams, a native of Ohio, who died on June 10, 
1899, leaving one child, their daughter Mary. 
In all the essentials of good citizenship Mr. 
Cusack has fully satisfied the requirements and 
as a business man and public official he has ex- 
hibited an uprightness and force of character 
worthy of emulation and approval by all classes 
of the people. 


A prominent stockman and rancher of 
Wyoming, and one of the most progressive and 
enterprising citizens of his section of the state 
is David F. Crout, whose address is Collins, 
Wyo. A native of Jackson county, Mich., he 
was born on October 14, 1861, the son of Wil- 
liam and Melissa A. (Bryant) Crout, natives of 
Xew York. The paternal grandfather, John 
Crout, was also a native of the Empire state, 
removed to Michigan in his early life and was 
one of the pioneers of that state and remained 
there engaged in agriculture up to the time of 
his death. The father also followed farming 
in Michigan until 1861, when he enlisted as a 
member of the First Regiment of Michigan 
Cavalry, for service in the Civil War, in which 
service he received a promotion for gallantry 
in action, and by a re-enlistment he was con- 
tinued in the army and detailed to guard the 
stages on the old overland stageroad to Cali- 
fornia. He began this service in 1866 and 
served in it for about three years, having many 

exciting experiences on the frontier and being 
frequently engaged in skirmishes with the In- 
dians, with several narrow escapes. In 1869 he 
was mustered out at Fort Douglass near Salt 
Lake City, I "tali, and came to Laramie, Wyo., 
and engaged in the hotel business, and his 
place, the Frontier Hotel, was one of the fa- 
mous t resorts of the early days. He carried 
on this business successfully for thirteen years, 
improving his property from time to time, as 
his patronage demanded and the country grew 
in population and business. In 1883, he located 
the ranch on Beaver Creek which is now the 
property of W. R. Hunter, and there engaged 
in ranching and the raising of stock, continuing 
in this to the time of his decease, which oc- 
curred in 1896. He was a representative man 
of the community and was held in high esteem 
by a large circle of friends and %cquaintances. 
David F. Crout was the youngest son of his 
father and grew to manhood in Wyoming, hav- 
ing come hither in 1869. He received his early 
education in the primitive public schools, and 
remained with his parents until 1883, when he 
located his present ranch, and moved unto it 
shortly afterward. Here he engaged in ranch- 
ing and stockraisi-.ig, and was successful. He 
gradually improved his property, adding to his 
holdings each year both land and cattle, until 
he is now the owner of one of the finest ranches 
in that section of Wyoming, with about 340 
acres under irrigation and raising great quan- 
tities of alfalfa each year, often putting up 500 
tons for the use of his own stock. He has a 
fine herd of graded Shorthorn cattle, being the 
owner of some of the most valuable animals in 
the state. He is one of the large property own- 
ers and substantial business men of that section. 
On November 30, 1892, Mr. Crout was united 
in marriage with Miss Jennie M. Hunter, a na- 
tive of Illinois and a daughter of Thomas W. 
Hunter, a well-known business man, who was 
extensively engaged in stockraising both in Illin- 
ois and other states. To this union were born two 
children. William H. and Marion Grace. In 1898 
the health of Mrs. Crout began to fail and in 
spite of every effort that affection could suggest 



command t<> restore her to health 
she p ,vuy from earth in 1900. Frater- 

. Mr. t'n>ut is afliliated with the Indej. 
cut < inlcr <ii ( >dd l-'ellows, the order Hi" Ma 
bees, the Modern Woodmen df America and the 
Yeomen, and takes an active interest in the 
ternal life of the communitv where he resi 
His ranch is situated mi [leaver Creek, aboul 
en miles from l-.ncampmeni, near the new 
minii lets where several large mines are 

in iw being (level. ip< d. I x in-' iii the center i if one 

Of the lies! sections oi \\ in-. Mr. (.Yntlt 

is an enterprising, pi ad successful 

man. who has done much to 
sources "f this portion of the state, and is high- 
ly respected. 


ery man who earnestly works into practi- 
cal form the expression of great thoughts and 
of inspiring and lofty ideals is a benefactor to 
mankind. His operations for success in his par- 
ticular field of labor help to educate each 

iti"ii, and such records of life, work 
and success supply the most inspiring and disin- 
t( rested motives 1. 1 the hi" 'ii in the 

:it and in the future. \Yc are led to 

elating tl:. nl activi- 

f Willia 
Wyoming, who i- horn 

[i mtpelier, i iho on \pril 14. is< ..;. 3 
of fames and Sarah (Odekii to. 1 1 is 

er was horn in Missouri and his father in 

'iia when ' ducted the saddler}' hus- 

i as of French origin, while his wife. 
a daughter of Isaac and F.lixa ( 1 Jutch.-r i i 
kirk, was of Gem ent, although her 

ents were natives of ( )hio. ! 

tied with the church of ] il 

Saints and crossed the plains m tin second pil- 
grimav;. of MI : settling in Provi > 

.1 i . . [ daho 

t'ine in the earl} sixties \\here Jan ' to \\as 
ipper and hunter until his death which oc- 
curred in 1X7.). at the agi of iift\ live years. < >f 
their union nine children were horn, and 
the demise of her hushand. Mrs. ('.-MO married 

William Ilcndriek and they have two living chil- 
. In crossing the plains in 1850 Airs. Casto 
drove an ox team the entire distance from the 
otiri River to Fort I'.ridger. Her death oc- 
curred at Fort Bridger in July 1897, at tin 
of sixty-four years. .Mr. fasti > was early left an 
orphan by his fatli . . th and was brought to 

W}' lining by his mother at the his educational discipline was acquir 
the common schools and after his school 

i he became a rider on the range, fol- 
lowing diis vocation Eor many years and he was 
daring, intrepid and successful. In iS<is, lie i 
his home at Fort llridger. where he has since 
been connected with various branches of 

, and is no n vd in merchandising. He 

man of great activil id practi-. 

cality. He combines tine taste with his practical 

qualities and as an of this has the 

finest resident . : I'.ridger. Hi 

1 \\ ith cattleraising and is 

crally im in an\ thing that adds to the 

value or nmunity. Fraternallv 

identified with the ' it Protective 

of Elks, holding membership with the 

at Koch Springs. In political relations he 

:mced in favor of the iVmo- 

cratic part}-, and d -t work for its 

S, although di o position, elective 

or appointive. I'! 1 of his successful life 

can bi co , ment that he has 

ever been a m.m . if well-directed, sfc 

.. always sincere and honest, and 
intensely 1. >\al to 1 5. He 1 

kind-hearted, hospitable, generous to the needy 
and dilii;. faithful to all his trusts and 

friendship. As a business man he stands 
high rank. The marriage of Ml rrcd 

'cli 'her _-, iS.)S. when b. i at 

. \l iss Rosanna I \ arce, a 
daughter of \\illi 'in and Mary M. (Clui 

. .-, natives . >f .\e\\- : ind Missouri. 

I'hi . ing the long and 

ilains to the prom- 
ised land in i S< .( i. with <rt train, they are 
still cnjoyine; life in their home in the west, 
home of Mr. and Mi ' is brightened by 
children. William ('baric- and Pearl X. 




The l"u rt is family has been prominently con- 
nected with the progress of civilization in 
America from the earliest days of the Massa- 
chusetts ami C'lmueeticut colonies, and scat- 
tered all through the country to r day are prom- 
inent professional men, captains of industry, 
literary men of high standing, as well as more 
humble and unpretentious but equally as able 
representatives, all bearing the name of Curtis. 
In 1760 there was born in Connecticut a lad 
who was named Hull Curtis, and he attained 
early manhood in the most troublous days of 
the Connecticut colony, and when the effort was 
made to throw off the British yoke, Hull Cur- 
tis, then being seventeen years old, became a 
soldier of the Continental army, seeing much 
service in bloody engagements and being cap- 
tured in the battle of Long Island and held a 
prisoner for months in the old Sugar House 
prison of Xew York City. He lived, however, 
to become once more a free man and to see the 
British power driven from the land. His son, 
Philo Curtis, was born in Vermont and became 
a pioneer farmer in the new lands of New York, 
where he married Hannah Miller, had sons and 
daughters, and both of the parents died and 
were buried in the state of their adoption. 
Their son, Simon Curtis, was a man of brilliant 
intellectual powers and a deep and thoughtful 
student. Having the advantages of a liberal edu- 
cation, he supplemented this by a thorough 
course in the medical college at Albany, N. Y., 
where he made marked progress and was grad- 
uated with a high standing. Being thus fully 
equipped for his chosen profession of medicine' 
and surgery, he commenced its practice at 
Hoosick, N. Y., soon acquiring distinction as 
a most highly gifted practitioner. This small 
town could not long contain him and his re- 
moval to Troy but enlarged the sphere of his 
usefulness and reputation. His exhausting la- 
bors in his very large practice caused his com- 
paratively early death in 1867 at the age of fifty 
years. His wife was Alcha Cottrell, a daughter of 
Jonathan and Alcha (Case) Cottrell, the father 

being born at Hoosick, \. Y.; in 1799 and dying 
there in 1847. He was a farmer and an ener- 
getic factor in the affairs of his section, being 
an active and influential Democrat. His wife 
was born in Hoosick in 1802, where she also 
died in 1837. Her paternal grandfather was 
Samuel Cottrell of Rhode Island, and his wife 
was originally Huldah Southwick. Her mater- 
nal grandparents were Xathan Case and Sarah 
Center, of Dutch extraction. At the age of 
sixteen years Kent Kane Curtis went to sea, 
but two years of this life was sufficient for him, 
and he thereafter learned the machinist's trade 
in Brooklyn, X. Y., becoming a skilled work- 
man he was employed in X T ew York City, Al- 
bany, Hoosick, Portland and Astoria, Ore., be- 
ing expert and well versed in the technique of 
his vocation. In 1890 he crossed the continent 
and coming to Wyoming he took up a home- 
stead at his present location, where he made his 
permanent home in 1900, his productive ranch 
residence being located twelve miles north of 
Kemmerer, and here he is devoting his time, 
to his cattle interests, which are steadily in- 
creasing, as well as his estate, his original 
homestead having been much enlarged. His 
landed estate now takes up most of his time. 
On April 27, 1889, Mr. Curtis wedded Miss 
Matilda Schultz, a daughter of William and 
Mary (From) Schultz, her father coming from 
( iermany to Xew York City when only eigh- 
teen years of age, and by' his own endeavors be- 
coming the proprietor of a large merchandising 
house in Brooklyn, devoted entirely to the sale 
of artists' materials, etc. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis 
enjoy the unqualified respect of their associates 
and dispense a truly western hospitality in their 
pleasant home. 


The first American ancestor of the prom- 
inent Collett family of Wyoming and Utah was 
Daniel Collett, the English emigrant, who made 
his home in the new lands of Iowa at an early 
day in its settlement as a pioneer farmer and 
was later a farmer jn Missouri, where was born 


20 1 

his son, S\l\amts. A carpenter and builder by 
trade, be did inilirll oi ibis work in a widely ex- 
tended territory and erected (lie first Christian 
church i'f the Cherokee nation, removing to 
I 'tab in 185-'. where his death took place in 
i8i|.( at the age of eighty-six, long surviving his 
wife. F.stluT. an Fnglish lady of \\eKh extrac- 
tion, whose character was one of rare beauty 
and excellence-'. After passing some years on 
the Missouri homestead with his father, S\l 
vaiuis Collctt plunged into the wilderness coun 
try of Montana, whither its mineral treasures 
had commenced to gather the people of the 
earth, and as a miner contended with the num- 
berless privations and dangers of those primi- 
tive days when the Indian as well as the buffalo 
swarmed the plains, and when the "road agent" 
had scarcelv commenced to realixe the power 
of the "\ 'igilants." Under these educational 
forces he soon developed into a hardy moun- 
taineer, keen of sight, quick and unerring as a 
shot, ready to meet the audacious Indian with 
equal audacity or his cunning trickeries \\iih 
subtler wiles. From iSim to 187.2 he followed 
agriculture in Utah, removing to Idaho and 
engaging in stockraising and farming for a 
time, soon, however, returning to Uinta comity. 
Wye., in 1874, there locating on a fine ranch 
of i oo. acres ami successfully operating in cattle, 
conducting his operations with rare discrimina- 
tion ;md care and being grcatlv prospered in his 
undertakings. A sterling 1 lenioerat in politics, 
his great ability made hint a positive force in 
iln development of whatever section might be 
his home. ;md he was prominent in the creation 
..i I'inta county, and one of the first justices 
nf the organization. At his hospitable home 
c\er\ one was welcome and no better example 
of western coiirtes\ existed in many a long 
mile of distance, lie married with Miss I.vdia 
Karens, a native of Iowa and a daughter ol 
Thomas and Karens, the father com- 
ing from the Is],- of Man to \merica and ulti- 
mately making the permanent family home in 
Utah, where both himself and wife lie buried 
in Salt Lake City. Their daughter, Mrs. c,,l 
lett, died iii I Si 15 and her burial place is in 

Cache county, Utah. Their four children bore 
the following names: KM her A., L\dia. Syl- 
r anil Thomas \\. Sylvester C'ollett. si m 
of Sylvanus and Lydia (Karmsi ("ollett. 
born mi Inly _',}, iSd}, in ('ache county, Utah, 
and his early years were passed in the acquisi- 
tion of the practical knowledge of I 'tab fann- 
ing and tin details of successful operations in 
stockraising. and at the age of sixteen, while 
some of tin eastern \onths would be conning 
over books or stndving b- 'ng in a com- 

mercial school, he was a man of independent 
business, raising cattle for himself, an occupa- 
tion that soon tests both the physical and men- 
tal equipment of the operator. Mr. C'ollett was 
steadily successful and on his preemption claim 
at Cokedale. Wyo., he has placed 'fine improve- 
ments and is considered one of the prominent 
cattlemen of the section, his operations being 
of wide scope and importance, and demonstrat- 
ing his wise supervision and care. A Repub- 
lican in politics, he has worthily held the office 
of justice of the peace for six years and also 
that of school trustee, while fraternally he is a 
valued member of the Woodmen of the World. 
In 1888 Mr. Collet! was united in matrimony 
with Miss Xora Tanner, a native of Wyoming 
and a daughter of William and Lucy (Snider) 
Tanner, early settlers of the territory, and they 
have one child. 


One of the prosperous stockmen of Carbon 
county. Wyoming, and one of the representative 
citizens of thai slate and also a native of die 
state of \ew York. James \ Crochcron was 
born in Richmond comity, in January. l8.;8. the 
son of Nicholas and Sophia I '. |C,u\oni t'roch- 
eron, both natives of Staten Island. The 
i i.., heron and (iir.on families were of llngnc- 
not stuck and members of both families cai 
America and leaving France soon after ih. 
Bartholomew massacre, lhe\ settled in \e\v 
York .luring the seventeenth centn.n . His father 
spenl the greater portion of his active lit. 
Staleii Inland, holding a position under the 

21 U 


( . S. government as the resident customs officer, 
the position In MIL; uip< ulance and respon- 

sibility, and he discharged its duties with the 
full approval of his superior officers. Lie had a 
family of four sons and six daughters, of whom 
fames received his elemental^ education in the 
public schools of the community where his boy- 
hood's home was located on Staten Island and 
rly life he removed to Alabama, where the 
family of a brother was located. Here he be- 
came a clerk in the office of his brother, William 
H. Crocheron who was engaged in a general 
mercantile business and subsequently he was ad- 
mitted to a partnership. Upon the breaking out 
of the Civil War, while not a believer in the prin- 
ciple of secession, he yet espoused the cause of 
his adopted state and enlisted in the Third Ala- 
bama Infantry, under Col. J. M. Withers. The 
regiment was ordered to Norfolk, Virginia, 
where they had charge of the navy yard and 
during the first year of service it was occupied 
in garrison duty. Mr. Crocheron saw his first 
active service on the James River in Virginia, 
and was a witness of the historic naval battle be- 
tween the Monitor and the Merrimac. After 
that engagement his regiment was ordered to 
Richmond, then menaced by the Monitor, was 
transferred to the brigade of Gen. William Ma- 
hone and subsequently took part in the battle of 
Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, being then assigned 
to the Alabama brigade of General Rhodes. 
Later he was a participant in the Seven Days 
Fight in Virginia and took part in all the princi- 
pal engagements of the armies of the Potomac, 
his regiment being under command of Stonewall 
Jackson. In his military service he was wounded 
three times, first at the battle of Fair Oaks, 
second at the battle of Boonesborough Gap, and 
third at the battle of Gettysburg. His injuries 
at Fair Oaks were not serious and he soon re- 
covered, but at Boonesborough Gap he was shot 
down, left upon the field and made a prison- 
er by the Union forces, taken to the U. S. 
hospital at West Philadelphia, and upon his 
recovery after some time was exchanged and re- 
turned to his regiment. At the battle of Gettys- 
burg, he was still more seriously wounded, was 

again nndi- a prisoner, but again paroled after 
three months captivity. At the close of the war 
he returneed to hi Alabama home and accepted 
a position as a clerk in the city of Montgomery 
where he remained for some time, subsequently 
removing to Mobile, where he again engaged in 
business with his brother William. He remain- 
ed here successfully engaged in business for 
about five years, when he removed to Galve>ton, 
Tex., and was there engaged in commercial pur- 
suits up to the year 1887, when he came to the 
territory of Wyoming. Here he established him- 
self on Cow Creek, about seven miles north of 
the city of Encampment, and engaged in ranch- 
ing and stockraising. In this enterprise he has 
met success and is now the owner of one of the 
finest ranch properties in his section of the 
state, and he is known as one of the leading 
citizens of Carbon county, being held in high 
esteem. In August, 1871, Mr. Crocheron was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary E. Kelly. 
a native of Louisiana and a member of one of its 
prominent families. To their union were born 
three children, Laura, now Mrs. Brewer, who 
resides at Denver, Colo. ; Annie, Mrs. Kling. 
whose home is on Cow Creek. Wyo. ; Sophia G., 
now living in Denver, Colo. Mrs. Crocheron 
died in 1881, and in i88C>,, while in the state of 
Texas. Mr. Crocheron was again married, the 
bride being Miss Helen Owen, a native of 
Connecticut, whose parents were highly re- 
spected citizens of that commonwealth and of 
ancient Welsh lineage. She is an attractive lady, 
whose graces of culture and refinement center in 
the home life and embellish it, making it also 
a center of most gracious and generous hospi- 
tality. Mr. Crocheron has ncit in recent years 
taken an active part in political life, preferring 
to give his entire time and attention to the care 
and management of his ranch interests, although 
he has been solicited by his party friends and as- 
sociates to become a candidate for positions of 
trust and honor. Just after the close of the war 
he was elected an alderman of the city of Mobile. 
Ala., and served in that capacity with capability 
and the satisfaction of his constituents. He is 
a wearer of the badge of the Southern Cross of 


Honor, a mark of distinction which means much 
i. tlu soldiers of the Confederacy, and whicl 
emplifies the heroic services he rendered tn the 
Post Cause, a progressive and spirited citizen, 
doing mueh in a private capacity tn advance the 
interests "|" tin- community and to promote the 
general welfare of the puhlic. 


The wild plains and ranges of the Great 
\orth\vest of the Cnited States have not given 
to the world style in dress or fashion in man- 
ners, but they have m'ven to American citizen- 
ship some of its firmest fiber, best brain, stur- 
diesl brawn, most resolute spirit an.l wildest 
vision. The greal army of industrial 
progress which has overspread them and made 
them fruitful in all the products for comforta- 
ble living, enterprising in all the elements of 
commercial greatness and rich in all the bl : - 
ilia's nf political freedom, has dealt with great 
problems in human destiny and sown mighty 
harvests for human good. \mong the - 
unit-, of tin-- loud sum of manly enterprise. Hor- 
ace Cole of near Sundance. Wyoming, has a well- 
established rank and is entitled to due considera- 
tion as an old settler and a progress! \c and public 
spirited citi/cii. lie is a native of Putnam county, 
X. V.. horn on .March 17, iS ( |. i he son of I [orace 
i',. and BetSC} i i 'ummin- ' tie, the former a 
native of Xew York and the latter of COM 
ticnt. The father was a well-to-do farmer in 
Xew York, where he passed his entire life with 
the exception of ;i short time spent in ( )hio just 
previous to his death, which occurred mi Janu 
ar\ M. 18 | |. al" ml two months before the birth 
of his son Horace. The mother lived until 
1887. bavin- made her home with I loraci- in 
\\ yc lining, where she died. After her husband's 
death she resided in Putnam countx, X. Y.. 
until 1848. then removed her family to < >hio 
to live .in a farm which her 1m id bought 

in Ashtabnla comity, where \\,,< ,v to 

tin age of seventeen and received his e.lucalioii. 
I hi Xovember J'i. iSdl, be elllisteil ill the Sixth 

t ihii > i avalry in the I 'nion and 

served in that regiment until December, 18*14. 
in the Army of the Potomac and saw 
arduous and exhausting service in the field and 
on the inarch, heini; most of the time the coni- 
missarv sergeant of his company. In July, 
|. he was captured and confined in l.ibby 
prison until near (he end of that year, when he 
was paroled and returned to ( )hio. where he 
in farming until iSfHj. then removing 
to Missouri he bought a farm in liar- 
county, which he cultivated until the .spring of 
1873. then took another flight toward the set- 
ting snn. halting in 1 farlan countv. Neb., 
farming and raising stock there until 1877. At 
that time the P.lack Hills was the Mecca of all 
Argonauts and he joined the rush to that re- 
and passed five years prospecting and 
mining in and around Ilcadwood. In i88j 

M agaii til the cultivation of the so 

an agreeable occupation and coining in 
ern 'Wyoming, took np a homestead sever 
one-half miles northeast of Sundai ' ad- 

joining the ranch on which he no\v here 

lie raised cattle and farmed his land tmlil 18,17. 
when, having bee, ' to the office, he qual- 

ified as sheriff of the county and took tip his 
resid. Sundance. \l the end of one 

term he retired Irom public lite against the 
wishes of his party friends in order to devote 
nne and energies entire! to raising cattle. 
settling on the ranch which is his present home 
and which he had bought in 18.15. !i 
of 9 ii acres of fertile and well located land, all 
in one body, a >nsiderahlc of it under cultivation. 
raises nothing l'or market, however, feeding 
all his grain and hav to his stock. He has a 
pleasant and convenient COtt! tdence on 

the ranch, with good barns, sheds, corrals 
1'foiii his advent into tlu neighborhood lie lias 

i ^reat interest in the growth and 
meiit i if the- count v and he h. '>tan- 

tial contributions of time and counsel to its 
advancement. The country was very thinb. 
tied when he came to it. but under the inspira- 
tion of such example - h impelling : 
as his it has been rapidlv , ' built up. 


v- >,,/.:/ .MI i \n-\ <>/ irnM//.Y(; 

IK is a Republican in politics, giving his party 
loyal and /calous service, and \\hile averse to 
official life, ho has yielded to importunity and 
acceptod the position of commissioner of the 
Slato Soldier''. I Ionic in addition to his office 
of sheriff. ( >n Septemlior _'S, iSji), at Central 
City. S. I.)., ho was married with Airs. Maria 
(Ogden) Randall, a native of Illinois and a 
daughter of David and Alary Ogden of that 
state. Her parents came to the Black Hills in 
the spring of 1877 and in 1882 located in Crook 
county. Wyo., where they conducted a leading 
stock industry until the death of the father. By 
her former marriage Mrs. Cole has one child, 
Roy R. Randall. The Coles have had four chil- 
dren. Wavie, Daymond and Raymon. twins. 
the latter of whom died on June 17, 1897, at the 
age of four years and five months, and Ralph. 
The family attend the Methodist Episcopal 
church at Sundance and are active in its works 
of benevolence and charity. 


Exhibiting in the creditable and highly ap- 
preciated discharge of the duties of his impor- 
tant public office as county treasurer of Fre- 
mont county the sterling qualities of progres- 
sive citizenship, ability and integrity which he 
inherited from a long line of patriotic ancestors, 
Peter P. Dickinson is one of the most useful 
and esteemed public men of Wyoming. His 
life in the commonwealth began in her early 
days when men were few and difficulties of liv- 
ing were many. He was born in New York on 
September 25, 1845, a son f William and 
Katharine (Richtmyer) Dickinson, natives of 
Xew York, the former of English origin and 
the latter belonging to the old Dutch families 
of Xew Amsterdam. The father, a wheelwright 
by occupation, worked industriously at his 
trade except when public duty called him to the 
field of battle or the forum of civil activity. The 
grandfather, Moses Dickinson, who came from 
England to the United States when he was 
three years old, was a soldier in the Revolution 
and fought side by side with his father in that 

great struggle. Conrad Richtmyer, Mr. Dick- 
inson's maternal grandfather, also an American 
patriot, on many a bloody battlefield under the 
banner of the Continental army displayed the 
valor that made his country free and her citi- 
zen soldierv respected throughout the martial 
world. Mr. Dickinson attended the district 
schools of his native state and finished his 
school education with a course at Eastman 
Business College in Xew York, then came west 
to Denver, Colo., in 1863, and for seven years 
endured the hardships and privations of a 
miner's and teamster's life. During the next 
three -years he was engaged in the care of stock 
and in mining for Major Baldwin and Mr. 
Kline at Camp Stanbaugh, in 1874 removing to 
Lander, where he has since resided, busily fol- 
lowing mercantile pursuits until 1882, after 
which time he entered upon a large cattle and 
real-estate business. He owns 180 acres of ex- 
cellent land on the north fork of the Popo 
Agie and an additional tract of eighty acres of 
hay land nearby, all well improved and in a high 
state of cultivation. Being a firm believer in 
the success and continued prosperity of Wyo- 
ming, he has invested the fruits of his labor in 
real-estate in the town of Lander, of which he 
was one of the founders, and has already real- 
ized the wisdom of his choice in the growing 
greatness and importance of the town. In con- 
nection with his son he conducts the Eureka 
meat market and handles a large number of cat- 
tle. He belongs to the Masonic order in vari- 
ous of its branches, holding membership in 
Hugh cle Payen Commandery, K. T., of Lander, 
and Corean Temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Rawlins. In public affairs he has always been 
active and forceful as a Democrat, rendering 
good service to his people and his party amid 
the r,ank and file and in responsible official sta- 
tions. He was from 1888 assessor of his county 
for a number of years, was mayor of Lander 
during an important time in its history and was 
elected to the legislature without his consent 
but declined to accept the seat. In 1900 he 
was chosen county treasurer of Fremont 
county, being reelected in 1902, and has con- 



ducted his office to tlic satisfaction and com- 
mendation of citi/i-ns of all shades of political 
opinion. < >n August iS. 1X75, he was married 
with Mrs. Margaret lleenan, tin- widow of 
Michael llecnan, who was killed by the Indians 
near Miner's Delight iii September. [872. They 
liavc had four children. "William IT., a niiTchant 
at Lander; Kynm P. and Herman C., twins 
who die<l in infanev ; Margaret \'.. now a law 
student at Ann Arbor I.Mich.) Cniversitv. I'v 
her first marriage Mrs. Dickinson had three 
children. Mary, now the wife of < reorge Jackson. 
a prosperous stockman of Fremont county; 
James [',. Hcenan. also a stockman conducting 
an extensive and profitable business; Emma, 
HMW the wife of \Yilliam (1. Johnson, one of 
Lander's leading meat merchants. 


The unending versatility of the American 
mind, which can mold a shapely destiny out of 
any plastic conditions that fate may tling lie- 
fore it. is well illustrated in the career of 
Strauther Dean of (.'rook county. Wyoming. 
one of the first settKrs in his part of the conn- 
try and oni of the valiant men of \Yvoniing who 
lia\i- come up through tribulation. His lit",, for 
was one continuous succession of dan- 
gers and difficulties, constantly threatened by 
savage beasts and still more savage men. be- 
in x c \posed to the ravages of hunger and thirst, 
the rage of storms and llie violence of iloods. 
with no companion in the untrodden wilds hut 
nature's hostile' children and no covering at 
night but the canopy of heaven, black with 
clouds Or beaming with stars as the weather 
willed. l:i Westmoreland county, Pa., On De- 
cember __}. lS|o. his eventful life began and 
iii its histor\ he was earning his "keep" 
by working in the mines. His parents were 
I'hilip and Rachel I Mahene\ i Dean, the former 
a native of \irginia of probahb Scotch ances- 
and the latter born and partially reared in 

the Emerald I sir rhe Father owned and 

worked valuable salt mine, in I Yntis\ Kama 
and also worked at his trade as a constructing 

millwright. He was a man of fine mental en- 
dowment and superior talent in mechanic- 
lived a very useful life in the midst of a pro- 
gressive people until 1X7.'. when he \vas called 
to his final rest. His widow survived him ten 
years, being summoned in |SS_>. Mr. Dean re- 
'1 a limited education in the schools of his 
native comity; but nature, having marked him 
for instruction in heroun great schools b\ field 
and fell, forest and stream, did not permit him 
to linger long under the guidance of human 
pedagogues. He began mining long h< 
"manhood darkened on his do\\n\ cheek," and 
wards learned his trade as an engineer. He 
remained at home until he was twentv-two years 
of age and in iSi.j went to Washington, I ). C., to 
aid in constructing a canal of which that city was 
one of the terminals. Iii this work he was oc- 
cupied about eighteen months when he rein 
to 1'ennsylvania and resumed his mining opera- 
tions, working there and in .Maryland, Virginia 
and Ohio until 10(15. Then, soon after the 
assination of President Lincoln, he went to 
the oil regions of West Virginia and there re- 
mained until the spring of i*ii<. when he I 
making his way \\est\\ard. reaching Fort Ken- 
ton, Mont., in July. For ten years he lived the 
wild life' of the Northwest in this section and 
Kritish Columbia, hunting and trapping, trad- 
ing and mining, and in 187(1 he came to the 
I'.lack Hills, making his headquarters at Dead- 
wood and Speartish and prospecting through 
"The Hills." At one time he owned many valu- 
able mining claims in that section, but n 
worked them extensively . In i SS_[ he came to 
Crook county and located on the ranch lie now 
occupies, which has been his home ever since, 
although he has not given much attenlio 
ranching, but has rather followed his inquisitive 
bent b\ prospecting through, ,ut ]!,,. surround- 
ing country, and for a peri, id of years he owned 
[60 icres of the best coal land in it mi I la\ 
('reek. His ranch is eleven miles north of Sun- 
dance and contains iii acres, being capable of 
being brought |o great fcrtilitx and high culti- 
vation, well located and pleasantlv diversified 
in surface and soil and adapted to both fanning 

21 'I 


and cattleraising. .Mr. I lean i- held in high es- 
.. is a leading citi/en, lull ni that worldly 
\visdoni learned only in the hard school of ex- 
perience, but always available in every public 
and private need. He was elected to the state 
legislature on the Populist ticket in 1892, in the 
ensuing session giving his constituents faithful 
and appreciated service, working for the good 
of his section and the advancement of the state. 
In fraternal relations he is connected with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, holding 
membership in the lodge at Spearfish, S. D. 
He is vigorous and active, even for his years, 
notwithstanding the strenuous, life he lived in 
his early manhood, the mark of which he bears 
in three wounds made by Indian bullets at dif- 
ferent periods in his scouting and hunting days. 
His knowledge of woodcraft is extensive and ac- 
curate : his knowledge of men is wide and com- 
prehensive ; his grasp of elemental principles of 
government and social relations is intuitive and 
direct. He has, therefore, without effort or os- 
tentation, been a force potential in shaping the 
trend of affairs in his locality and giving color 
and tone to civil institutions. 


Prominent in official and private life, suc- 
cessful in business and in agricultural pursuits, 
a gallant soldier in the Civil War and contrib- 
uting a gallant son to fight against the armies 
of Spain in the Spanish-American War, giving 
the impress of an enlightened and farseeing un- 
derstanding of local civil affairs, Hon. Charles 
Deloney of Uinta county. Wyoming, has well 
served his country and well deserves the uni- 
versal esteem and respect in which he is held. 
He is a native of Mount Clemens, Mich., born on 
August 27. 1837, his parents, Richard and Mary 
(Shabinow) Deloney being Canadians by birth, 
having moved into the states in their early mar- 
ried life. The mother died when her son was 
but a lad, and thereafter he was reared by his 
father who was a sawyer in the lumber mills, 
and held in high esteem as a public spirited man. 
In iS(>i he espoused the cause of the Union and 

enlisted in the Eighteenth. Michigan Infanm, 
but before his term of enlistment was out he 
was disabled by sickness and sent home, dying 
from his disability in 1X04. The son remained 
at, home until he was of age, getting what 
schooling he could in a little log schoolhouse 
near by, and in 1804, taking up the role of pa- 
triotism where his disabled father laid it down 
and receiving from his dying hands the l.'.ible 
which that father had carried through his own 
arduous service, the son enlisted in Co. B, Twen- 
ty-ninth Michigan Infantry, and was in active 
service until the close of the war, being mus- 
tered out at Murfreesboro in the fall of 1864 and 
receiving his discharge at Detroit, Mich. While 
at Murfreesboro in the campaign against Hood 
and Forrest, his command had their supplies 
cut off and the men lived on what they could 
gather by foraging and on parched corn for six 
weeks. After the war Mr. Deloney engaged in 
the lumber business for a year and in 1867 came 
west, locating at Evanston, Wyo., and working 
in the logging industry on Green River. He ran 
the first log drive ever made on Bear River and 
was making good profits until the financial de- 
pression of 1869 carried away in its flood of dis- 
aster all the accumulations from his labors. In 
that year he and his party got out of food and 
lived for sixteen days on dried snails and Indian 
potatoes, himself and a companion were sup- 
posed to have perished and were near starva- 
tion when thev were rescued. After his calam- 
ity he made a new start and conducted a thriv- 
ing barber business for some years, then spent 
twenty years in the liquor industry at the same 
time ranching and stockraising at Cokeville on 
Smith's Fork. He now owns in addition to 
considerable city property in Evanston a ranch 
of 640 acres at Cokeville, Uinta county, Wyo., 
and one of 160 acres within three miles of Ogden, 
1 tab, both of which are in a high state, of cul- 
tivation and well furnished with good improve- 
ments. Mr. Deloney's public spirit and knowl- 
edge of affairs early marked him as a man of 
superior qualifications for public life, and he was 
elected to the territorial legislature of Wyoming 
for two terms, rendering invaluable service in 



aiding the territory to (hro<\ off her swaddling 
clothes and assume the more dignified L;arb of 
statehood, and he capably served in the State 
Senate in iS.^-S. in tbat ho<l\ gi\ing ardent and 
I -i helpful support to the candidacy of Hon. 
C. D. Clark for the U. S. Senate. Mr. Deloney 
was nominated twice for sheriff and was several 
times elected constable but refused to serve. In 
iSi)S he \vas commissioned captain for service 
in the Spanish- American War. but on account 
of tlie illness of his wife he was unable to ac- 
crpt IMC appointment and was made superin- 
Undent of the Teton Gunny Forest Reserve but 
after a tenure of the office which was full of 
active dutv, he was obliged to resign on account 
of disabilities incurred in fighting fire in the re- 
Since then he has been engaged in a 
commercial business at Jackson, where he has an 
extensive stock of general merchandise and lays 
a considerable scope of country under tribute to 
his trade. He is also occupied more or less with 
mining interests. Mr. Deloney is quite a land- 
mark in the community. When he first came to 
Kxanston the town consisted of a tent which was 
both a saloon and an eating-house. He was mar- 
ried in Evanston on November 21, 1871, with 
?\liss Clara Rurton, a native of England and a 
daughter of Rev. 'Win. G. and Hannah ( Tregal- 
lis) r.urt'Mi, her mother being a lineal descend- 
ant of the Rev. Trebo Tregallis, archbishop of 
Canterbury in the ninth century. They have 
had ten children of whom eight are living: 
Clara C., the first child born in F.\auston. who 

educated there and there married John 
Mills of that city. She is a cultured musician 
and teaches the science of music; Hannah R., 
wife of Charles Cook, a painter and decorator at 
Evanston: William ( "harles. a soldier in the Span- 
\nierican and Philippines Wars, coming out 
of the service as an order' ml and carry- 

ing through it the P.ible which his father re- 

d from his father when he entered the Union 
army in [864, now being a missionary of the 
.Mormon elnuvh and Stationed in Kentucky; 
Nephi J., married and living al ! iston; Hiram 
W., a gr iness College, 

although but lift. old; Viola, 

Maud and fames, all living at home. Another 
son, Charles R., died at the age of two months 
at Evanston, and still another, Joseph T., was 
killed in a railroad accident in January. 1900. 
Mrs. Deloncv's famih was one of the first three 
to settle at Piedmont. Uinta county, and her 
father taught the first district school at that 
place, which was the third taught in the county. 
Pie is now a missionary for the Church of the 
Latter Day Saints in England at the age of 
seventy-five years. The Deloneys also belong 
to this church and are active in its meetings and 
ceremonials. Mr. 1 K-loney has an interest in the 
flouring mill at Evanston and gives its affairs 
close personal attention. He belongs to the or- 
ders of Freemasonry. Odd Fellowship and to 
the Grand Army of the Republic. He att>-. 
the last grand encampment of the last named or- 
der at Washington, D. C.. and was a delegate to 
the encampment at Pueblo, Colo.. Governor War- 
ren appointed him marshal at the time of the his- 
toric riots against the Chinese, and in this 
he effected' a settlement of the difficulties at Ev- 
anston and was appointed marshal of the \ 
and given control of a force of men to protect tin- 
lives of prominent citixens whowere in danger. 
At the little postoffice of Wilson, just across the 
river, where he owns forty acres of land, he is 
making preparations to lay out a town site and 
call it Roosevelt. His son. Hiram, is a stock- 
holder in the Piedmont Oil Co., a busy and en- 
ergetic corporation with good prospects in its 
oil fields and with headquarters at Piedmont. 


This well-known citizen of Uinta county, 
\\\oiniiig. a prominent ranchman, a nati 
the Dominion of Canada, was born in < ^>, 
count) in iS^7, ilie son of Cornelius and Mar- 
garet (TIendersliot i IVGraw. natives of the 
state of \e\\ York. < "ornelius IVGraw. the 
father, was a farmer b\ calling in tin 
Xew York, where he was born. IT ed to 

i >nian, i county, ' iada, \\ hen he w a 

\ oun there married 

pas-ed the ' r of his life Mr- 



Margaret Del 1 raw passed her girlhood in her 
native state and she \vas unmarried when taken 
by her parents to Canada, where her marriage 
took place. Frederick C. DcGraw was reared 
to agricultural pursuits and followed farming 
in his nnihe country until eighteen years of 
age. when he felt himself to be sufficiently com- 
petent to begin life on his own account, lie 
accordingly bade farewell to his native country 
and sought a home in the states, locating in 
tlu- new, fertile and uncultivated land of 
Minnesota, which state was then comparatively 
a wilderness. His first employment in that 
state was in the timber lands, where, being of 
a hardy and robust constitution, and inured to 
toil on the farm, he excelled and followed a 
woodman's life for ten years. He then returned 
to Ontario, Canada, where for five years he 
was employed in drilling for oil. Then Mr. 
DeGraw again concluded to try his fortune in 
the states and went to Jackson county, Iowa, 
where he was employed in agricultural pursuits 
quite successfully for three years and the next 
year he was similarly employed in Page county, 
Iowa. The state of Missouri next became his 
li< ime and agriculture was his calling there for 
four years ; then Kansas attracted his attention 
and for twelve years he farmed in Smith county, 
that state; in 1892. the newly admitted state 
of Wyoming opened up to him her charms and 
he took up a ranch on La Barge Creek, among 
the mountains and valleys of Uinta county, 
where he has since made his home, made his 
living, and achieved a name which is honored 
wherever it is mentioned. During the decade 
that Mr. DeGraw has made his home in L'inta 
county, fortune has smiled upon him and pros- 
perity followed his footsteps. His skill as a 
farmer and indefatigable industry have met with 
a well-earned reward and he may well congratu- 
late himself upon his undeviating course of 
prosperity. Mr. DeGraw was united in mar- 
riage in Jackson county, Iowa, in 1870 with 
-Miss Mary Woodard, daughter of Alpheus and 
Angeline (Bailey) Woodard, natives of Ver- 
mont, Alpheus Woodard was a farmer, which 
vocation he followed in Vermont, Canada and 
Iowa. He was a son of Pollas and Rachel (Rey- 

nolds ) \Voodard of \ erniont, and died in Shelby 
conntv, Iowa, in iSoj, having attained the great 
longevit} of eighty-five years. Mrs. Angeline 
( Bailey ) Wnodard. the mother of Mrs. DeGraw, 
was a daughter of James and Mary (Abercrom- 
bie) Bailey, formerly of England. The children 
that have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. De- 
Graw are eight in number and the family are 
among the most respected residents of the La 
Barge region. 


One of the oldest and most respected citi- 
zens of Islay, Laramie county, Wyoming, Sivert 
J. Ellingson, a native of Norway, was born in 
that country on October 31, 1828, the son of 
Elling and Ingeborg Ellingson, both natives 
of the same country, where, they followed the 
occupation of farming, continuing in that pur- 
suit up to the time of their deaths. Their son 
Sivert received his early education in the Nor- 
wegian schools, then served an apprenticeship 
at the trade of shoemaking and followed that 
occupation in the old country up to 1871, the 
time of his departure for America. Upon ar- 
riving here, he and his family located first at 
the city of Monroe, Wis., where he established 
himself at shoemaking, and remained engaged 
in that occupation for nine years, thence, in 
1882 removing to the territory of Wyoming, 
where he at once purchased a ranch, the same 
property he still owns and occupies, situated on 
Pole Creek, about twenty-three miles northwest 
of Cheyenne, and entered upon the business of 
cattleraising. By reason of hard work, fru- 
gality, and good business judgment he has 
gradually built up from small beginnings a fine 
property and is now the owner of one of the 
best ranches in that section of the count}', con- 
sisting of 752 acres of deeded land, well fenced 
and improved, and a large portion of it under 
irrigation. He also owns a large herd of fine 
cattle, to which he is adding from year to year. 
On June 30, 1866, in his native country of 
Norway, Mr. Ellingson was united in marriage 
with Miss Ellen Knutson, a native of the same 



country, horn on Xevcmber 20. l*-|,v tlu- daugh- 
Ur of Knut anil Tonette Knutson. old-time resi- 
dents f Norway. The parents of Mrs. Elling- 
son were engaged in farming in the old coun- 
try up to the time of their demise. To the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Ellingson have been 
horn two children, Lena Fllhigson ( "hadwick, 
and Edgar Ellingson. ['.nth are living and the 
son, Edgar, is residing at home with his par- 
ents, and now has the management and direc- 
tion of the business at the ranch. The family 
are devout members of the Lutheran church, 
and take a sincere and earnest part in all works 
of religion and charity in the community where 
their home is located. The subject of this 
sketch, now in advanced years, has retired from 
active business pursuits, although still enjoy- 
ing good health, and he has turned over the 
management of the business and the large prop- 
erty which he has accumulated through his 
long life of industry and economy, to his son. 
In the community where he resides no one is 
held in higher esteem or is more deserving of 
the deference paid him by his large circle of 
friends and acquaintances. 


Descended from .patriotic ancestors of the 
( oioiiial days who helped materially to win our 
national independence, and ome "i them sealing 

th--ir devotion to the cause with their bl 1. 

it is fit and proper that Hon. J. E. Evchancr, 
oi l\anclie-ier, Sherida:i county, Wyomin 
prominent and snccesslul rancher and stock 
grouer. should have been among those who 
\\on this western coimtr\ from savage domi- 
nation and primeval wildness and made it fruit- 
ful with the products and inestimable blessings 
of peace. \\\- forefathers found the Atlantic 
slope a \\ilderness a'nd aided in bringing it into 
subjection to the will and the needs of civili/cd 
life: they found their adopted land a depend- 
on a Urannical foreign government and 
assisted in releasing it from thralldom and in 
erecting it into a separate and self sustaining 
political eiitit). lie and his generation found 

this western part of our great heritage given 
up to untamed and treacherous barbarism, and 
forced its savage tenants to "stand ruled;" they 
found it all untilled and waste, and have 
brought it under systematic cultivation ami 
planted and peopled it with beneficent activity 
and enduring productiveness. Mr. Eychaner 
was born in Wisconsin on February 2, iS^S, the 
son of Milton and Mary ( llainm) Eychaner. na- 
tives of Xew York and early settlers in Wis- 
consin. After a residence' of sonic- \cars in that 
state they removed to Iowa, where the mother 
died and the father is still living. Their son. 
J. E. Eychaner. was educated in Iowa and there 
grew to man's estate, soon after reaching his 
majority, coming to Wyoming, reaching the ter- 
ritorx in 1*711 and making it his home continu- 
ously since that time. In 1888 he removed to 
Sheridan count) the slock business he had In en 
for years siiccessfulh conducting elsewhere in 
the state, and located on the ranch which was 
so long his home, taking part of it up - 
homestead. This propert) comprises 360 acres 
one half mile southeast of Ranchester, and is 
beautifully located on Tongue River, lleiv In- 
pursued the peaceful and independent VOC3 
of a prosperous farmer and stockgrower until 
he sold it on February i. np^. his business ex- 
panding with the flight of time and increasing 
in profit and importance. It had his careful and 
studious attention, yet gave him leisure to look- 
well to the welfare of his community and take 
tin- activi and zealous interest in local affairs 
of government which it is the duty of every 
American citixen to show. I'pou the S3 
his ranch he became a member of the mercantile 
firm of Lord I'ollat. of Sheridan. \\_vo.. the 
largest dealers of the state in hardware and ag- 
ricultural implements. In politics he is an 
unwavering Democral and in iSijS his capabili- 
ties for official life were suitably recognized by 
his election to the lower house of the State 1 
islature, oni ol the three Democrats holding 
seals in the hod). At the close of his legisla- 
tive term he was elected cmm!) assessor and is 
now tilling thai position \\ith credil lo himself 
and satisfaction to ill. - In [88< 


iGRESSll'l-: MEN <>! WYO Ml 

Wyo., lie married with Miss Delhi 
Dewey, a native of Wisconsin, a daughter of 
James M. and I'ircna I', il'.ayley) Dewey. 
Vermonters by nativity and closely related to 
Admiral Geoi Dewcy, of whom her father 
was a first cousin. Tier mother belongs to the 
celebrated Putnam family of Revolutionary 
fame and Mrs. Eychaner's great-grandfather, 
Captain Pratt, was an aid-de-catnp to General 
Washington. Her father died in this state in 
1899. Among the fraternal societies numerous 
among men Mr. Eychaner belongs only to the 
Knights of Pythias. 


This gentleman, the most experienced medi- 
cal practitioner in Rawlins. Wyo., was born in 
Evansville, Ind., in 1842, and is a son of Joseph 
B. and Mary (Jacobs) Maghee. Joseph R. 
Maghee was born in 1814 in Bucks county, Pa., 
not far from the county and city of Philadelphia 
and was reared to a mercantile life. In his 
early manhood he went to Texas, thence came 
north and made his home in Evansville, Ind., 
where he passed the remainder of his life, dying 
in 1889, holding then the exalted position of the 
head of the Temple of Honor in the United 
States. He also rendered service to the Union 
army in the medical department. William and 
Martha (Holme) Maghee, the parents of Joseph, 
came from Scottish ancestors who settled in 
Pennsylvania in 1749, the entire familv being 
of agricultural proclivities and the greater num- 
ber of them practical farmers. Mrs. Mary 
(Jacobs) Maghee was born in Evansville, Ind., 
in 1819, and was the first white child born in 
Yanderburg county, being the daughter of G. 
W. and Hannah (Sampson) Jacobs, pio 
of the county. G. W. was a native of Vermont 
a son of Nathaniel, who was born in the 
same state in 1757. and was wounded at the 
battle of Bennington in the Revolutionary War 
yet lived to be 106 years old. G. W r . was a cap- 
tain in the War of 181.2, but attained the rank 
of major at the battle of Lundy's Lane, where, 
too. he was wounded. Thomas G. Maghee at- 

tended Hanover ('ulle^e until about nineteen' 
years <>f age, when his patriotism was aroiiM-d 
at the breaking out of the Civil War and he 
at once relinquished his studies to take up arms 
in the defense of the Union by enlisting in 
I'D. I . Twenty-fourth Indiana Infantry, in 
which he served with bravery and fortitude for 
tw and years, winning the unstinted 
praise of his superior officers and the admira- 
tion of his comrades. After his return from 
the army, Mr. Maghee resumed his studies in 
his native state and was graduated as a physi- 
cian and surgeon in 1873, and was at once as- 
signed as an assistant surgeon in the U. S. army, 
was attached to various posts at different times, 
?nd in May, 1873, was assigned to Camp Brown, 
now Fort Washakie, Wyo. He received honor- 
able mention from the Secretary of War in 
1874 for gallantry in action with Indians in 
Bates' fight in the Big Horn Mountains on 
July 4. of that year. Resigning in 1878, he lo- 
cate'! in ( ireen River, Wyo., and was elected to 
the territorial legislature in the same year. In 
1880 he changed his residence to Rawlins, and 
here he has since been favored with a large and 
lucrative practice and standing at the front of 
his profession. Doctor Maghee has been twice 
married, in 1866 to his first wife. Miss Mollie 
Williams, a daughter of James L. and Ellen 
(Smith) Williams. This lady was called away 
in 1884 at the age of thirty-five years, leaving 
four children: Thomas G., who died in 1892, a 
cadet at West Point ; Morgan M., an electrical 
engineer, served in the Spanish-American War 
as captain of Troop K, of Torrey's Rough Rid- 
ers ; Griffith H., pharmaceutical chemist ; Torrey 
B., also a cadet at West Point. In 1885, the 
Doctor took unto himself a second wife in the 
person of Evelyn Baldwin, a native of New 
York City and a daughter of Major Noyes and 
Josephine E. Wright Baldwin. This union has 
been blessed with one child, Valliere B. Doc- 
tor Maghee is a member of the American Medi- 
cal Association, the Pan American Medical \ - 
sociation and the Colorado State Medical As- 
sociation, and he has been the surgeon for the 
Union Pacific Railroad Company with but brief 


2 I I 

interxals since iSjS. Mr has been highly o>m 
plimentcd for his successful treatment oi a sur- 
gical ami dermatological case, which in iS<Xi> 
came under liis care, the subject In IIIL; a Mr. 
Geo. Webb, for whom lie restored an almost 
entire face, forming a new nose, iu-\v lips, new 
lower jawbone and new chin. Doctor Maghee iy 
a very Denial gentleman as well as a skillful 
physician, and fraternally is a Freemason of 
the Thirty-second decree lalx-nt as high as or- 
dinary mortals reach). He is also a Knight of 
l'\ihias, an ( )dd Fellow and an F.Ik, and as 
a eitixen -he is honored and esteemed wherever 
his name is known. Mis brother. Lieut. Joseph 
I!. Maghee. of Saratoga, Wyo., came out in 


\s one of those modern knights errant, the 
commercial travelers, who keep in active move- 
ment the currents of trade and of invention, dis- 
covery and progressive thought throughout the 
territory covered by their periodical wanderings, 
F.duanl ( '. Fnlcrley, of Thermopolis, \Yyoniiug, 
51 ' - much variety in human life and business and 
renders valuable service to his kind in mercan- 
tile and social circles. He is a Wyoming pioneer 
of iSSj, and since that time has been contin- 
uously a re.-ident and also one of the develi 
forces of the state. The place of his nativity 
i- I Ks Monies. Iowa, wheiv he was born on 
( 'ctobcr Id. iSi'u, the son of ('hristian and Catll- 
erine (Gassett) Erderley of that city. There he 
was reared and educated, on Faxing school be- 
ginning ihe struggle of life for himself by go- 
ing to Brown comity. \Yhni-ka. \\herc for a 
numbrr of years he was engaged in the drug 

mess, thence removing to p,o\ Unite countv, 
where lie again conducted a drug business until 
(887, uhen he came to \Y\oming and in iScj^ he 
-i tiled at the month of Owl Creel pened 

and carried On the lir-l merchandising estah- 

nt of the nei^hb' 'rli 1. \ fter s, inic lime 

passed iii successful and prosperous hii-im ; 

that point he was robbed of a larg !" his 

bj midnight marauders and soon 

then i fter, \\ hen the t >\\ n of I hermopoiis spi 

into being, he removed to that place and opened 
.nd conducted its first general -lore. In iS<;<) he 
dispi sed i if his bllsine-.s and accepted cmployinellt 
as a traveling salesman for Ferdinand \\~eslen- 
heimer. of St. Jo-i-ph, MO., and he has continued 
in this emplouncnt ever since, building up a 
large trade in his territory. Mis labors in his 
mercantile \entures and in other domains of ac- 
quisitive efforts have not been fruitless, notwith- 
standing serious reverses which have come to 
him at times, for he owns a very attractive home 
and a whole business block in Thermopolis, and 
two well improved and productive farms in Fre- 
mont county. In iSS(i. in F'.ox P.ntte county, 
Xeb., he was united in marriage with Miss Ad- 
die Walters, a native of Marshalltown, Iowa. 
They have t\\o children, their sons Earl and 
Wesley. Mr. Erderley's success as a sale- 
and in building up business for his house is 
neither accidental nor procured by adventitious 
circumstances, for it is the legitimate result of 
great business capacity, knowledge of 
thorough acquaintance 1 with trade conditions and 
requirements and his genial and obliging dis- 
position. He is a "prince of good fellows" among 
his craft in the better sense of the phrase, and 
is cordially welcomed as a Valuable addition to 
any social circle where he is known. He is also 
energetic, knowing and resourceful, always rcadv 
for an emergency and always master of the sit- 


A leading member of the city council 
Lander from time to inn, . a member ' if tin 
ond Legislative Wemhly of the state of \\'\o- 
ming. and at present chief of the citv lire di | 
ment, and for nearly t\\ent\ years a prominent 
merchant of the town. T'unes X. Farlow has made 
his impress on the life and history of his city 
and coniitv in a way that gives him great credit 
and will not soon fade a\\a\. ( >n November 5. 
|S;S. in hallas county, bn\a. his life be-. in as 

1 Martha F. i I'.rini;! 

Farlow, nati\e-, of Indiana and descendants of 

nial familii of \orih ('ardina and other 

outhern stati itives of \\hom ren- 



dered \aliant service to their country in times 
of its severe trial in Revolutionary days, in the 
War of 1812, and also along the frontiers against 
the hostile Indians. The father was a prosper- 
ous farmer, stock merchant ami shipper in In- 
diana and is now in Iowa, where they are living, 
and where he has a potential voice in the affairs 
of his section. James N. Farlow, the second of 
their eight children, seven of whom are still liv- 
ing, received a limited education in the public 
schools of his native county and. in 1880, bark- 
ening to the call within him for larger oppor- 
tunity and greater freedom of action, he came 
to Wyoming, settling at Lander which was then 
but a village, and began operations in the stock 
business which he followed until 1886, when he 
bought the harness and saddle manufactory 
which he has so successfully conducted ever 
since and which is now one of the leading in- 
dustries of its kind in this part of the country, 
carrying a large stock of superior quality and 
great variety. He has prospered in his business 
by close and intelligent attention to its needs and 
the taste of his patrons, whom he has firmly at- 
tached to him bv his probity of character and 
urbanity of manner. The people of the com- 
munity have recognized in him superior quali- 
fications for public life and have not been back- 
ward in demanding his services in their behalf 
in this way. They made him a member of their 
city council and elected him to the Second Leg- 
islature of the state. In both bodies he justified 
their confidence and established a solid and grat- 
ifying reputation as a useful and representative 
citizen. He is now efficiently serving his sixth 
term as a school trustee and at the present writ- 
ing is chief of the Lander fire department, in 
this position also rendering most valuable ser- 
vice to the community. He was a charter mem- 
ber of Lander Lodge. No. 10, Knights of Pyth- 
ias, is now one of its trustees and also belongs 
to the uniform rank. By judicious care of the 
fruits of his labor and thrift he has acquired 
much valuable property in the town and county, 
( 'n October 3, 1886, he was married to Miss 
Ada Trosper of Dallas, Wyo.. a daughter of W. 
I!, and Annie (Evans) Trosper. natives of Eng- 

land, then living at Dallas, but now residents 
of Lander, and they have three children, Wil- 
liam I., Clarice N. and Clark N. 


Born near Pittsburg, Pa., on June 28, 1858, 
and soon after~ left entirely to the care of 
strangers by the death of his mother when he 
was an infant and the enlistment of his father 
in the Union army at the outbreak of the Civil 
War, Winfield S. Firestone, now one of the 
most public spirited and substantial merchants 
and citizens of Lander, is virtually the product 
of his own natural faculties, properly developed 
by exercise through being thrown on his own 
resources throughout an active and useful life. 
He received a limited education by attending the 
public schools of West Virginia during the win- 
ter months for a few years and when he was 
fourteen left the home in which he had found 
shelter to learn the trade of a cabinetmaker, on 
completing his apprenticeship, journeying to 
Missouri, there to begin work at the craft in 
which he had prepared himself. His father 
served through the Civil War, participated in 
many battles, was twice wounded and after the 
conclusion of the struggle he married again and 
reared a large family, Winfield having been the 
only child of the first marriage. In 1884 Mr. 
Firestone removed from Missouri to Rawlins, 
Wyo., and engaged in the furniture business 
in company with H. Rasmusson ; and in 1886 
he came to Lander and opened an establishment 
in the same line as a member of the firm of H. 
Rasmusson & Co. In 1900 he bought the inter- 
est of Mr. Rasmusson and since then has con- 
ducted the business alone, increasing its facili- 
ties, adding to its features, enlarging its trade 
and expanding its popularity by his excellent 
business methods and the pleasing manner for 
which he is esteemed. He combines with deal- 
ing in furniture the business of a funeral direc- 
tor, and in both lines of enterprise enjoys a 
\w 11 earned celebrity. His stock of furniture, 
queensware and other articles of household 
utility, is large and varied, embracing the new- 



est designs and conveniences and covering a 
\\ide range of styles and qualities, while in his 
supplies and work as a funeral director he is 
studious to meet the requirements of the most 
exacting taste, lie is also the collector of the 
electric light plant of the city, giving the wants 
of the community in this respect careful and 
intelligent attention. In fraternal circles he 
lakes an earnest interest in Lander Lodge, No. 
ID. Knights of Pythias, of which he is an enthu- 
siastic member and at the present writing mas- 
ter of finance. He also belongs to the uniform 
rank- of the order. His zeal for the welfare 
and progress of the town is shown by his hav- 
ing served twice as its mayor and several times 
as a member of it-- i-ouncil, in both positions 
rendering service of great value and highly 
appreciated. In 1885 he was married to Miss 
Alary E. Xave. a native <>i Indiana, the niar- 
hehii; solemnized at Rawlins. They have 
five children, \Yinlicld S. Jr., Guy, Dora, "Wal- 
ter and Vainer. Mr. Firestone has long been . 
a director of the Lander IHtilding and Loan As- 
sociation and fr two years was its treasurer. 


Springing from an ancestry that grew and 
Nourished in the Dine Grass region of Ken- 
tucky and in the Old Dominion, born and reared 
in tin- t'n nilier i if Miss, utri and coming to WyO 
niing in i Si.-, just after the march of n \ iliza- 
tion had reached the territory, uhen \\hat is 
now i'he\cnne consisted of one tent and had 
in it a house, Albert Gaines of Dayton i-- a typical 
pinneer, idcntiiicd'with the histor\ of the state 
almost from its very beginning, lie was born 
on \ovcinbcr \<i, 18^57, in Randolph count;., 
Missouri, whither his parents had removed from 
Kentucky, hi- Father \Yilliam Gaines, being a 
native of that state, and his motlu . m \nnie 
Dicksmi. nf Virginia. Tl re well-to do 

. if iheir time and ection and on their 
Missouri theil son Albert grew to man- 

h 1. attending the public --el K of the neigh- 

borh 1 as he had opportunity fur a few months 

in ihe winter. When lie reached man's i 

he began life for himself by following the fam- 
ily pursuit of cultivating the soil in his native 
state for a few years of varied success, then 
relinquished it and in partnership with "William 
i'axton engaged in contracting on the construc- 
tinii nf t lie L'nion Pacific Railroad, continuing 
their operations until it reached Cheyenne in 
(867. At that time, as has been noted, the only 
human residence was but a single tent, and the 
wildest imagination without previous experi- 
ence would not have predicted the early plant- 
ing and rapid growth of the inchoate city. For 
some years after his arrival at that poin 
conduct i-il vigorous and prosperous freighting 
operations, then for some years kept a saloon 
and in IQOI removed to Dayton in Sheridan 
county, where lie has since resided and carried 
on a flourishing liverv business, the leading 
enterprise of the kind within a considerable 
scope of country. Mr. Gaines has seen all the 
phases of frontier life and borne his shai 
its privations and dangers. Nothing that it 
brings to man in the wav of alternate hope and 
and Failure, peace .md peril, full- 

and want, has been missing from his meas- 
ure of its gifts, and now that all its ha/ard is 
past and he is secure in the comforts of this 
world, and approaching the sunset of life in 
peace and prosperity, his present estate is all 
the more enji ivable becai of the toils 
hardships through which it was attained. His 
fund of reminiscence- is rich and varied, tl 1 
terest taken in his narratives of tim. 

- now forever passed away never fl 
while the confidence and esteem of his fcllowmen 
which he enjoys is the best assurance of the use- 
fulness and uprightness of his life. 


\ native "i" Switzerland, having been born 
in that little mountain republic on November l^. 
|8;S. J. ilm A. i Berber, of I ir.mite. \Y> i 

of John and Kathcryn ( F.rnsO < lerber. 
both of Switzerland, where his fathei 

lowed tb' fanning up to the ti;, 

his i ll, which occurred in 1878. and in 



the mother also passed away, and both are buried 
in their native land. John A. Gerber received his 
early education in the schools of his native coun- 
try, and at the age of twenty entered the army 
of Switzerland as a soldier, serving in that ca- 
pacity for three years. In 1881 seeking to better 
his fortune he came to the New World, and soon 
found himself in Cheyenne. \\ ><>.. where he se- 
cured employment in a brickyard for about three 
months, then accepted a position on the Union 
Pacific, near Potter, Nebraska. In the spring of 
1883 he located a homestead on Pole Creek, two 
miles west of Pine Bluffs, Wyo., and engaged in 
farming, soon adding cattleraisng to his other in- 
dustries and remained largely occupied in that 
pursuit until the fall of 1893, when, owing to the 
unusually dry season, he moved his- cattle to his 
brother's place about twenty miles from Pine 
Bluffs, where he remained about four and one- 
half years with varying success, and in the spring 
of 1898, he purchased a ranch property about 
three miles northeast of Egbert, Wyo., contin- 
uing his stock operations here until the winter 
of 1900, when he disposed of his ranch and his 
stock and removed to Cheyenne, where he con- 
tinued until April, 1901, when he purchased his 
present ranch on South Crow Creek, about six- 
teen miles west of Cheyenne, and here he is now 
successfully engaged in cattleraising. On June 
20, 1900, Mr. Gerber was united in marriage at 
Cheyenne, Wyo., with Mrs. Rachel R. (Vin- 
ton) Brown, a native of Canada and the daugh- 
ter of Hezekiah and Sarah (Ousterhout) Yin- 
ton, natives of New York. Her father was for- 
merly engaged in farming in New York, but 
earlv removed to Ontario, Canada, where he 
continued in the same employment until his 
decease in 1864. The mother of Mrs. Gerber 
passed away in 1863, and both of the parents lie 
buried in the Province of Ontario,. Canada. In 
1866 Mrs. Gerber came to Colorado, where she 
remained about four years, coming to Fort Lar- 
amie, Wyo., in 1870. She was born in 1840 and 
received her education in Canada. She is one of 
the most prominent of the pioneer women of 
'ining, and it is largely due to the influence 
rm<l the efforts of women of her type that the 

state has recently made such rapid strides in 
moral improvement and civilization. She is a wo- 
man of strong character and humanitarian char- 
;u (eristics, and she has been of great assistance 
ti> her husband in his various enterprises. Mr. 
Gerber is a stanch member of the Republican 
party, taking an active interest in public affairs, 
having been taught during his early life in Swit- 
zerland that it is the duty of every citizen under 
a Republican form of government to lend his as- 
sistance to the management of the public business. 
He has many of the sturdy and sterling char- 
acteristics of the brave race of William Tell, and 
ij a worthy, progressive, and highly respected 
citizen of the state. 


On American scholarship and scientific and 
professional knowledge the judgment of the 
intellectual world, slow to concede anything for 
. a long time, has finally set the seal of its high 
approval ; and when the theoretical and practi- 
cal attainments of our professional men are 
backed by genuine American enterprise, there 
is no limit to their success except the boundary 
of their opportunities. Dr. Alfred C. Godfrey, 
in the almost untrodden fields of a new region, 
has won substantial recognition as a close and 
careful student, a skillful and successful prac- 
titioner of the healing art and a master of the 
scientific principles on which it is based. For- 
tune did not favor him with adventitious cir- 
cumstances or robust health, but made up for 
her niggardlyness by a generous endowment 
of natural adaptability to his surroundings and 
natural qualifications for the work to which she 
assigned him. Born and reared in the little 
rural hamlet of Benton, Wis.. where nature in 
her untamed luxuriance might minister to his 
spirit, he grew up with the breadth of view and 
self-reliance she begets in her true children and 
she taught him to turn to her as the source and 
fountain of inspiration in every condition. His 
life began on July 24, 1867, as the son of Dr. 
H. T. and Eliza (Footner) Godfrey, natives of 
Montreal. Canada. The mother, a ladv of do- 



mcstic tastes and tender ik-\<iti(Hi to the intcr- 
ests Hi her family, was called away from her im- 
portant duties in iS<n at tin- early age of forty- 
four. The father is still living and cngag* -d in 
active practice at ( ialena. 111., where he is the 
division surgeon of the Illinois ( 'entral and Chi- 
cago \- Northwestern Railroads, and is presi- 
dent of the board of pension examiners and of 
the Jo Daviess County .Medical Association, 
being a prominent man in his profession and in 
public affairs and as the surgeon of the One 
Hundred and Thirty-first Illinois Regiment of 
the Civil War held the rank of major. Dr. 
Albert Godfrey was well educated in the public 
sch' mis of Galena, Illinois, receiving- his profes- 
sional training in Rush Medical College, Chi- 
cago, irom which In- was graduated in 1890. 
During the next eighteen months he was house 
surgeon in the Presbyterian Hospital in that 
cn\ and the following year was surgeon at the 
iron mines in .Minnesota. lie was then ap- 
pointed demonstrator of anatonn at iheCreigh- 
ton Medical College at Omaha, and also stir- 
'' to the Presbyterian Hospital there. At 
the end oi his first year oi service in these 
capacities, he became ill from pulmonary trou- 
ble and sought relief in the more favorable 
climate of Denver, Colo., where he was as- 
led with the Denver Medical College 3.3 
demonstrator of anatomy for three years, being 
also in active practice at the same time. lie 
then received an appointment as assistant sur- 
geon in the I". S. Army and was assigned to 
duty at Fort \\asliakie. \\'yo. In [QOO he re- 
signed and located at Lander for the purpose 
of pursuing vigorously a general practid 
his profession, in which he has since been most 
energetically engaged, having drawn to him- 
self a large and representative bod\ of patrons 
and won a high and cordial regard in the es- 
timation of all who have the pleasure of his ac- 
quaintance or enjoy the benefit of hi^ professional 
services. Me is the official ph\ sjeian oi' 
niont connt\. the plusieian in charge and the 
manager of the Lander Hospital, being one of 
the most eminent prart il ion. i , in ibis part of 
the West, He has aKo extensive interests in 

the stock business, l-'raternally lie is comi' 
with the Masonic order through the lodge o.f 
which he is at the present writing the > 
\\ardeti). the chapter and the commander}-. He 
also belongs to Lander Lodge, No. to. Knights 
of Pythias. ( >n September ,V>. i^'j.v he was 
united in marriage \\iih Miss Sarah Coats- 
worth of (ialena. 111., a daughter of James and 
Martha ( Walton I Coatsworth, natives of ling- 
land. Three children have blessed this union, 
Alice E., who died at Lander when she was six 
years old, Helen and Ruth. Doctor and Mrs. 
Godfrey are zealous and useful members of the 
Episcopal church and arc looked upon as 
among the best and most representative citi/etis 
of the town. 


The subject of this review is a successful 
stockraiser of I'inta count}-, \Yyo.. and his life 
affords a commendable example of what may be 
accomplished by thrift and perseverance when 
directed and controlled by correct moral prin- 
ciples. His pa'rents. foseph ami Elizabeth 
(Robinson) < iraham. were born in England, and 
Joseph Graham was a son of Benjamin and 
Sarah Graham, both of English-Scotch extrac- 
tion. He was a native of ( 'otinty Durban 1 
a tiller of the soil. In 1883 he came to the 
United States and settled in Xew Mexico where 
he engaged in railroading. His life after com- 
ing to this country was of short duration AS it 
ended in Silver City, NT. M., in the fall of (886. 
Mrs. (iraham was to have joined her husband 
the following spring, but learning of his un- 
timely death she decided not to make the trip, 
consequently she still lives in the land of her 
birth, having reached the age of sixty-six \ 
Mr. and Mrs. Graham were members of the 
( Inirch of England and faithfully endeavored 
to bring up their children in that faith. Of 
the six who \\eiv born to them, three have 
joined the father in the other \\nrld. on 
the others is living in the old country anil Wil- 
liam is the subjed of ibis sketch. 11.- was born 
on December ;. iS'>^. in England and cni< 



the advantages of a good practical education 
in the schools of his native county. He re- 
mained with his parents until twenty-one and 
then became an engineer, a profession to which 
he had previously devoted several years of 
very diligent study. After becoming proficient 
in the use of instruments he found abund- 
ant opportunities for the exercise of his pro- 
fessional talents in his native country and con- 
tinued there in various departments of work. 
In 1886, impressed with the idea that America 
afforded a better field for engineering than 
England, he came to the United States in com- 
pany with a sister, and for six months after his 
arrival, followed railroading and freighting in 
New Mexico. From that territory Mr. Graham 
went by San Francisco to Alaska and spent one 
summer in and around Juneau variously em- 
ployed, on his return staying one winter near 
Yakima, Washington Territory, then coming 
in Wyoming and taking up 160 acres of land 
about fourteen miles north of Opal on Slate 
Creek, where he has since resided. Subse- 
quently Mr. Graham added to his original pur- 
chase until he now owns real estate to the 
amount of 420 acres, on which he keeps quite 
a large herd of sheep, many cattle and a num- 
ber of fine horses. He began stockraising in 
a modest way. but has gradually enlarged the 
business until he is now well situated, with 
a prospect of continuous prosperity and a much 
larger growth in his future undertakings. His 
place is well located for the purposes to which 
it is devoted, contains quite a number of sub- 
stantial improvements and is one of the com- 
fortable and attractive homes of the community 
as well as one of the most valuable. Mr. Gra- 
ham was married on November 9, 1892. with 
Mrs. Katie Pyle, the widow of William Pyle and 
a daughter of Martin and Christina (Beighey) 
Hyle, natives of Germany. Mrs. Graham was 
born in Pennsylvania and married her first hus- 
band there ; by this marriage she is the mother 
of two children, Frederick D. and Guy E. both 
students of Logan College, Utah. Her union 
with Mr. Graham has been blessed with one 
child, Myrtle. 


One of the oldest families connected with the 
development of civilization in the Eastern states 
of the Union and particularly identified with the 
Massachusetts Colon}', is the Goodman family ; 
and the name is now prominent in the leading 
circles of business, commercial, political and 
manufacturing departments in Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire. It has ever been a name 
of power and its representatives have taken con- 
spicuous part in law, literature and loyalty, in the 
French and Indian Wars, in the Revolutionary 
struggle, the War of 1812 and on the sanguinary 
battlefields of. the Civil War and extensive rec- 
ords tell of the patriotic devotion, heroic self- 
sacrifice and manifold suffering experienced as 
the result of their devotion to principle. Such 
are the antecedents of the subject of this sketch, 
John S. Goodman, now a prominent citizen of 
Mill Creek Valley, whose elegant modern res- 
idence and attractive home ranch is located twen- 
ty miles south of Evanston, Wyoming. Mr. 
Goodman is a native of Niagara county, N. Y., 
where he was born on November 27, 1846, a 
son of Elias and Sarah C. (Cook) Goodman. 
His paternal grandparents _were John and Re- 
becca (Bascom) Goodman, who were represen- 
tatives of prominent early families and natives 
of A-'irgima, descending from old Colonial stock. 
Elias Goodman was born in Pennsylvania, and 
by his marriage with Sarah C. Cook, a daughter 
of Seelye and Sarah (Swartout) Cook who was 
born in New York, he became connected with an 
interesting old New England family. In 1872 
Elias Goodman came to Wyoming directly from 
New York, first locating on Green River; one 
year later, however, he removed to Hilliard, 
where he was extensively engaged in stockrais- 
ing until his death in 1896. at the age of seventy- 
t\vo years. He was a prominent Freemason, by 
which brotherhood his funeral rights were con- 
ducted and his remains lie buried in the Masonic 
cemetery at Evanston. Elias Goodman while 
peacefully engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
his native state in 1861 patriotically responded 
to the call of his countrv to defend the Union and 



Constitution against the assaults of the Confed- 
erates, and loyally and gallantly served as a 
member of the Seventeenth Xe\v York Battery 
until the close of the war. His widow is still 
living at the age of sixty-nine. This worthy 
couple are parents of four children, all sons, the 
eldest of whom was John S. Goodman, who re- 
ceived his early education in the excellent edu- 
cational institutions of New York state and early 
became initiated into the labors and life per- 
taining to agriculture in the older settled sections 
of the East, being employed in farming in New 
York state until 1877. His married life com- 
menced on November i, 1867, when he was 
united in matrimony with Miss Caroline Kidney, 
a daughter of William and Abigail (Whitcomb) 
Kidney. wh<> was born in New York and a de- 
scendant of a family for many years established 
in that state. In 1877 Mr. Goodman, becoming 
convinced of the superior possibilities and ad- 
vantages of the industrial development of the 
new West, exchanged his residence in New York 
for one in Wyoming, where he made his first 
location in Evanston, but one year later, in 
1873, he purchased 320 acres of Union Pacific 
Railroad land and established his present h 
In this beautiful locality, which he has largely 
improved and developed, he is extensively en- 
I in agricultural operations, particularly de- 
voting himself to the raising of cattle and horses, 
11 this field of industrial activity he has been 
very successful, conducting his affairs with 
thrift, discriminate >n and more than ordinary 
fciresight. \ person might travel through miles 
MI" pleasant country and not discover so fine a 
Mr. Goodman has here developed. He 
is a man nf most excellent judgment. of exact in- 
formation, public-spirited in the true sense of the 
word, and his pnpularitv and intlnence in busi- 
ness and soeial circles are very great, lie is :\ d 

and earnest worker in all measures M|" pub- 
lic welfare and gives i'reiiueiltly and freely of his 
lime, means and influence In all and 

causes \\hich his judgment shows him are fr 
ill'' benefits of his community, the state Mr of the 
nation. lie is ] >n imiuent 1\ identified with the 
Republican party, in whose interests and contests 

he has labored most loyally. His wife has ably as- 
sisted him by her wise counsel and unintermitting 
labors and by her cheery presence she has given 
an added charm to the bounteous hospitality dis- 
played in their home. This worthy couple has 
reared a large and interesting family, who now 
by their irreproachable lives and their industrious 
habits do honor to their parents and the illus- 
trious stock from which they have sprung. Their 
- are Charles; Elias U. ; Addie S., now 
Mrs. Cummington, of Cumberland, Wyo. ; Fred; 
John Arthur, who maintained the patriotic rec- 
ord of the family by his services as a member of 
Troop L, in Colonel Terry's regiment of R' 
Riders in the Spanish-American War; Jennie A., 
now wife of Walter A. Cummington, of Mill 
Creek, Wyo. ; Gertrude ; Edwin G. ; Harry ; 
Clinton Seelye. The following maxim happily 
exemplifies we think the active and useful life 
df Mr. Goodman: "All experience shows that 
the great highway of human welfare lies along 
the old road of steadfast well-doing, and they 
who are the most persistent in their endeavors, 
working in the truest spirit, will invariably be 
the most successful, for success treads close upon 
the heels of every right exertion." 


There is perhaps no better representative 
ihe business interests of this section of Wyo- 
ming, or one better in formed in all matters of 
civil, religions ind literary improvement in the 
-tale, than the accomplished gentleman wl 
name heads this review. His 
is fully delineated in the personal sketch of his 
liMiinred father. .Mr. ('harles < iuild of I 'iedinout , 
Wyo., which apn< where in this volume, 

and to which the reader is referred. William 
Guild of Lyman. \\"yn.. where .-Min- 

lori.thle home and eighty acres of tine al 
laud of marked productiveness, was lioru on the 
Guild homestead at Piedmont, Wyo., on May Jo. 
1873. a son of diaries :n ,,i Marv M. (Card 
( Iuild. He reo n ed his p n schi 

training in the schools of ' mt) and -up 

pleiuented (bis h\ a three years' course at the 



Brigham Young College at Logan, Utah. 1>y his 
attention and unusual mental endowments mak- 
ing rapid progress and attaining a high pro- 
ficiency. Being deeply devoted to the doctrines 
and principles of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter Day Saints, his manifest qualifications for 
the position caused his appointment as a mis- 
sionary of that faith to Germany. There he 
passed about thirty months in very active but 
pleasant service which was fraught with marked 
results, winning many converts to the faith. In 
1900 he became associated in business with his 
father and brothers, and is now the secretary of 
the Guild Mercantile Co., and also of the Guild 
Land & Live Stock Co. Mr. Guild still holds 
active relations with his church, being an hon- 
ored elder in its communion, also filling the dual 
office of first assistant superintendent of the 
Sunday-school and superintendent of the religion 
class of Lyman ward. During his collegiate 
years he was for one year the professor of art 
and of elementary mathematics in the institu- 
tion he was attending. A man of great activity 
and enterprise, he keeps a vital interest in all 
that concerns the public weal, and is a strong 
supporter of the principles and policies for which 
the Republican party stands sponsor. On March 
6, 1901, in Salt Lake City. Mr. Guild "took un- 
to himself a wife" in the person of Miss Xettie 
Heiner, a daughter of George and Mary (Hen- 
derson) Heiner, the father of German and the 
mother of Danish ancestry, and they have one 
child, Kenneth H. Guild. 


This representative gentleman who was the 
very earliest arrival and settler in what is now 
Sheridan county, Wyoming, was born at Meta- 
mora. 111., on May 10. 1851, the son of Harvey 
and Xancy (Taylor) Hanna, natives of Pennsyl- 
vania who came to Illinois in 1850, making 
the trip by way of the Ohio river. The father 
was a first cousin of the father of Hon. Marcus 
A. Hanna, the distinguished U. S. Senator from 
Ohio. In the Illinois home they had chosen 
the Hannas lived and worked out a destiny of 

peace and prosperity, such as was available in 
those early days in what is now the great 
prairie state, encountering the perils of frontier 
life, wherein men, beasts and even nature her- 
self seemed arrayed in arms against their hopes 
and their very safely and here their son Oliver 
was reared, from the experiences of his wild 
life drawing in that strength of body and firm- 
ness of spirit which prepared him for many 
subsequent contests with man and nature on 
the later frontier to which his love of adventure 
hurried him. His path from the beginning of 
his career has been beset with difficulties, but 
his soul and physique were hardened to meet 
them, dangers forming the very spice of his life. 
He has been a hunter of mighty prowes's, a 
pathfinder of skill and intrepid courage, a re- 
deemer of the wilderness from its savage con- 
dition and a promoter of the enterprises of that 
advancing civilization which builds common- 
wealths and enriches peoples. In 1868, when 
he was but seventeen years of age, he started 
out in life for himself, making the long and haz- 
ardous trip across the plains from Fort Scott, 
Kan., to the Deer Lodge valley in Montana, 
there joining the army of miners working in the 
rich placer grounds now covered by the city of 
Helena. Thence he went in a short time to 
the valley of the Yellowstone and for eight years 
in that prolific region was engaged in hunting 
and trapping on an enormous scale, when 
joining the government survey under Professor 
Hayden, he aided in laying out the Yellowstone 
Xational Park and in naming its natural curiosi- 
ties. Under General Custer he was a trusted 
'scout and was in the command of that renowned 
chief of scouts, Mich Bowier. After a short visit 
to his old home in 1875 he returned to the west- 
ern frontier, joining General Crook's command 
and accompanying it to what is now Sheridan 
county, where he was placed in charge of a 
wagon train drawing supplies to Fort Fetter- 
man. The next year he went with the supply- 
train to the Red Cloud agency and in 1878 
started with a pack outfit for Bozeman, Mont., 
but when he reached Fort McKinney he took a 
contract to supply the soldiers with 3,500 



pounds of elk and deer meat per month during 
the winter. He kept his contract faithfully, kill- 
ing all I hi' Bailie himself and employing teams 
to haul it to the forts. In 187*1 he accompanied 
James \Yhite on a hunting expedition, on the 
Yellowstone River near Miles City, in which 
they killed 2,200 buffaloes in six \\ceks. During 
that winter, it is said, there were slain on the 
N , i Hi i\\ Mone 225,000 of these noble animals, and 
he and Mr. \Yhite killed more than any other 
two men. At the expiration of three months 
of this profitable sport the Indians drove the 
hunters away, but Messrs. Hanna and White 
had 5,000 buffalo hides to take with them. In 
1870 Mr. Hanna came back to Wyoming and 
located on a ranch he had taken up near the 
.site of the present Bighorn in Sheridan cotmtv. 
In the intervals between his labors in improving 
his ranch he acted as guide for parties of tour- 
ists and hunters. During his first year's resi- 
dence at Bighorn he killed sixteen bears, being 
crippled in his arms ever since Irom a danger- 
ous encounter with one of them, within this 
year he also made a trip of 700 miles with a 
team to Cheyenne and return for the purpose 
of buying a plow, garden seed and seed grain. 
He started in February and returned in April, 
camping out all of the way, and with the plow 
thus secured through so much toil and effort . 
he made the first furrow turned with a plow 
in Sheridan county. The plow is still in his 
possession, a valued souvenir of a period of 
difficulty and danger happih forever past. He 
raised a crop of oats which he threshed \\iili a 
flail, in the spring of 1880 selling the grain at 
ten cents a pound. ( >n his ranch, remote from 
civilization and with but few of the comforts 
of life about him except such as were secured 
by his own efforts, he lived for some years, 
improving the property and limning Mean- 
while the advance guard of the oncoming army 
i tiers \\as approaching his domain, and ac- 
cepting always the opportunity of the moment. 
he laid out the town of I'.ighom and christened 
it with the name it no\\ bears. lie built the 
first cabin erected in the present Sheridan 
comity and helped Mr. Mason build the first 
one erected in the town of Sheridan. In iS 

he sold his ranch and in iSoj purchased a store 
at Sheridan which he conducted until looo. from 
the time of his purchase until 1800 being pi 
master of the town. Mr. Hanna has alwavs 
been active in local affairs when, he has lived 
and taken a deep interest in politics. lie is 
a Democrat in political faith, in 10,00 being 
elected to the state legislature, the only man 
of that pany who \\as elected in the state. At 
the close of his term in 1901 he accepted a po- 
sition with Armour & Co., of Chicago, as travel- 
ing salesman, a position which he still h> 
He owns a residence and considerable other 
property in Sheridan and makes that place his 
headcpiarters. Fraternally he is connected \\iili 
the Knights of Pythias and the Order of Elks. 
( In June 27, 1885. he married at Miles City, 
Mnnt., Miss Dora Myers, a native of Blooming- 
ton, 111. They have three children, Tressie M., 
aged 16; Jesse, aged 14, a student in the mili- 
tary school' at Kearney; and Laura, aged 12. 
Mr. Manna has had a remarkably interesting 
and adventurous career and he has met all the 
requirements thereof with an unyielding forti- 
tude and constancy to duty. He is essentially 
i child of nature and has reveled in her wild 
and virgin luxuriance, yet has had an unswerv- 
ing fidelity to the requirements of civilixed life, 
daring dangers of every kind in their behalf. 
\\ hether sharing the lowly couch of "l!ig Xosed 
George," a notorious road agent, acting a part 
of necessary cunning while a private detective 
of the I'nion Pacific Railroad, whether founding 
a town and establishing its civil functions or 
inarching in the I'.o/eman Rosebud expedition 
against the Sioux Indians, who under the com 
mand of Sitting Hull kept them fighting for 
twenty-seven days ; \\ hether limiting \\ ild beasts 
alone in the forest or on the plains or helping to 
arrest and imprison lawless men of desperate 
character: whether gliding down the turbid 
Missouri for linn/,: Miles \\ith a few faith- 

ful companions, the mark of frequent shots of 
hostile savages all along ih, , or pursuing 

in solitude the dail\ \",-alions of his quiet 
ranch; in all the exigencies of his existence he 
has borne himself bra\el\ and with becoming 




One of tin' men, who for more than thirty 
years has been :m<l still is i>ne of the "powers 
behind the throne" in W\ -. nning is Hon. E. A. 
Slack, of Cheyenne, editor of the Cheyenne 
Daily Leader and receiver at the U. S. land-office 
in that city. Broadmindcd and comprehensive in 
the view which he takes of public affairs, he is 
the confidant of U. S. senators and congressmen, 
and consulted by the political managers of the 
great political party to which he belongs, \vhn 
have not infrequently taken their "cue" from him 
as to the proper issues and plans for political 
campaigns in Wyoming, conferred with by gov- 
ernors in reference to appointments to office, and, 
as a matter of fact, often naming many of the 
appointees in the first instance, and, in one in- 
stance, actually naming every appointment made 
during the term. Mr. Slack has been recognized 
for more than a quarter of a century as a most 
remarkable man, one who has probably had more 
to do with the matter of pushing Wyoming for- 
\\ard to the very enviable position which it now 
occupies among the far western states of the 
American Union than any other person in Wyo- 
ming. Edward Archibold Slack was born at 
Owego, N. Y., on October 2, 1842, but while 
yet a mere child his parents removed to Peru, 111. 
His father, who was educated at Norwich, A 7 t., 
was a civil engineer of considerable distinction 
and a confidant and close friend of General 
Sickles, Gen. G. M. Dodge and also other distin- 
guished men, and in many cases he was associ- 
ated with them in important enterprises. His 
mother was the late Mrs. Esther Morris (she 
having married a second time) one <>f the noblest 
women that ever lived in the far West and who 
has not inappropriately been termed "the mother 
of women suffrage in Wyoming." At the age of 
fifteen years Mr. Slack began to learn the print- 
ers' trade at Peru, 111., and later went to Chi- 
cago for the same purpose, but on May i. 1861, 
when but eighteen years of age, he enlisted in 
the Nineteenth Illinois Infantry, in which organi- 
zation he served during the Civil War until about 
the middle of Tune, 1864, when, his term of en- 

listment expiring, he returned to Chicago, having 
served faithfully and with credit in the cause 
of his country. Shortly after returning from 
the war Mr. Slack entered the sophomore class 
of the Chicago University, where he remained 
for two years, later completing his collegiate 
course at Fulton, 111. While attending the Chi- 
cago University, Mr. Slack, under orders from 
General Sweet in command at Camp Douglas, 
then filled with Confederate prisoners of war, or- 
ganized a great company of cadets of which he 
was given command ; it being apprehended that 
an attempt might be made by the prisoners to 
break up the camp and escape. In the spring of 
1868 Mr. Slack came to Wyoming and located 
at South Pass, where he engaged in the newspa- 
per business and in due time became clerk of 
the District Court. Early in 1871 Mr. Slack 
was married to Miss Sarah F. Neeley, she being 
a sister of Mrs. Gen. John M. Palmer, who was 
at that time governor of Illinois, the mar- 
riage ceremony being performed at the city 
residence of the governor in Springfield, 111. 
In the early fall of 1871 Mr. Slack came to 
Laramie City in Albany count}-, Wyo., where he 
began the publication of the Laramie Daily 
Independent (later the Laramie Sun), and at 
about the same time he began to take a very 
active part in politics as a leader and worker in 
the political field, not in the way of aspiring to 
office himself, but in March, 1876, he moved 
his plant to Cheyenne, where having bought the 
Cheyenne Daily News, he consolidated the two 
and began the publication of the Cheyenne Daily 
Sun. In 1895 he purchased the Cheyenne Daily 
Leader outfit. For a time the daily published by 
Mr. Slack was known as "The Sun-Leader," but 
later the name was changed again and it is now 
known as "The Cheyenne Daily Leader," being 
one of the ablest edited and most influential 
newspapers in the far West. While never having 
been what might be called an aspirant to public 
office, he was nevertheless appointed receiver of 
the L T . S. land-office in Cheyenne in 1898 by the 
late President McKinley and was reappointed in 
1902. He has discharged the duties of that posi- 
tion with satisfaction to the government and 



with credit to himself, being now ( May. 1903) 
in the incnmbenc' of the office Asa public spir- 
ited citi/en. whi ise impulses are always in 
righl direction, and as a husliand ::nd father. Mr. 
Slack ina\ be ]iointed to as a model. In the 
broader field of public affairs it may he said that 
scarcely a measure can In- named, which has 
been originated for the benefit of Wyoming- and 
carried to successful consummation within the 
last quarter of a century, where he has u> >l 

ai i- ihi- first and Eoremost, and souK'times 

the oub leader in the fight. His paper, of all pa- 
pi rs in Wyoming, was the first to advocate state- 
hood: he fought single-hand. -d and alone for 
frei ti tbooks in the schi iols of \> 'ining and 
ed his point; he moved forward'first in the 

lizing the State Kditorial 

tioii of which he is the presidrnt, and. in a reso- 
lution introduced by him in that body, took the 
lead in the State Industrial Convention move- 
ment, and it is a well-known fact that the idea 
of having Wyoming properly represented at the 
St. Louis Louisiana Purchase Exposition ema- 
nated from that body, lie also organized 
M-t on fool the Pioneer Association, of which he 
is the chairman, and from this association came 
the idea of holding the annual Krontier Day cele- 
brations at the capital of the state, now a pcr- 
n ..mi nt feature, as celebrations have been held 
annually, beginning with iSij~. In local enter- 
prises, those which pertain more particularly to 
Cheyenne, Mr. Sla.-l. (we might say Colonel 
Slack for SO he is USUalb called, having heid 
s< venal position- in the Crand \riny of the Re- 
public, which gave him that title, to say nothing 
of his having been commander of the cadets at 
In. ' o I 'Diversity, which we presume also 
entitled him to tint rani- j has al\\a\s been among 
the first and foremost in advocating just and 
ir . . TV measure', and ' nte'rprises, Mich as the 
e tabli shmenl of a watet md v er system, the 
tion of a Imildin- and loan assi iciatii in, 
the p-i\ment of better wages io teachers in the 
hoi .is. the lighting of die streets of the 

i I b electricity, etc. \t present ( 'olonel Slack 
is erecting not only a nnmhei dium-M/ed 

i iffice buildings i .n the 51 iuthw 

tol avenue and Seventeenth street, in Cheyenne, 

but he is also erecting a larg ' commodious 

building just north of the Inter-Ocean Hotel 

1 apitol avenue, into which, when compl. 

[er his extensive printing plant, at 
the same time putting in new machinery to make 
of it i i ' ;d most thorotighlv equip- 

ped newspaper estahli ' the far \\'est. 

I'-ut v, -top at this point, for want of space 

v, ill not permit us to elaborate. We can 
say in c> > that which we have alrcadv 

said hi fore, that Col. Edward A. Slack is one 
of "the powers behind the throne" in Wvoniing. 


I'.orn in the at oi Miibridgc. Massachu- 
setts, on November in. 1840. the sixth son of 
Selh W. and Reliance ( Howes') Hardin, Samuel 
II. Hardin conns from the best strains of carlv 
colonial _\ew England settlers. Tlis parents re- 
moved to Chicago. 111., in 1847, and in 18 
I'ern. \\lu-re his father engaged in the lumber 
and grain business. Samuel, at the age of fif- 
teen, rcturnh:- to ' h ; . ij to enter tl 
tate office of his brother. Seth \\". TIardin. Jr. 
In iSi'4 he was imployeil in thi ba 'ing-house 
tishman, Hanlin & in whicli house his 
ers, Seth ^ Ji tnd 1 u ' *rer part- 
ners. He remained in this h-nk until iSoR when 
he became a teller in the William E. Coo]]. 

n Xational) of Chicago, then the 

. t bank wcM of \~e\\ ^"ork Citv. Nature 

equi] , Hardin for a prominent position 

in the qtfair Oi nun. and a< a hanker lie would 

no doubt havi o "ispicuons and exalted 

had he to devote his energi 

this calling, but his nature ' for the 

' if actii in ilnt in iS~i attraci 

in tile far \\esl and southwest. The price 

of CS dial time in remote parts of Texas 

was as low as Si.oo per head for cattle and land 

in unlimited qualities could be purchased at ten 

per acre, and in l S^S he determined to en- 

in the cattle industrv and in t88o hi found- 
ed the firm of Hardii 
eater] their ran^e and ranch on the Tongue River. 


\\ \ i lining, near the Montana line and at the 
base nf the l!ig Hum Mountains, a then very far 
dislant and unsettled country, abounding in buf- 
falo and other wild game and the coveted home 
of the Sioux and Crow Indians. Thus his pioneer 
life began amidst scenes, deprivations and hard- 
ship, that i>nlv the pioneers of that period can 
understand. He brought into this new life those 
characteristics that stamped him then, as now. 
a leader among men. The great cattle industry 
of the west soon after became the center of 
attraction for the capitalist and men of courage 
and enterprise from the Ea-i, West and South- 
west and from Europe and Canada until all the 
ranges became stocked with great herds of cat- 
tle. Mr. Hardin became prominent in all mat- 
ters pertaining to the cattle industry. He or- 
ganized the first live stock association in Wyo- 
ming north of Cheyenne and was its president 
for several years. He also rendered valuable as- 
sistance in the later organization of the Montana 
Live Stock Association and served many years 
on the executive committee of that association 
from Wyoming at the time when Theodore 
Roosevelt, now President of the United States, 
served on the same committee from Dakota. 
Few men who then entered into the cattle busi- 
ness have so continuously remained in it as has 
Mr. Ilardin. He now owns the same ranch and 
brand of cattle that he located and established 
twenty-three years ago. His success in his 
chosen field is marked in many ways. The brand 
of cattle he started in 1880 has for man. years 
had the distinction of rare quality, command- 
ing the highest prices on the markets. His firm 
established in 1880 was succeeded by the Hardin- 
I I vsham Cattle Co.. in 1898, and this company 
in 1900 by the present firm of S. H. Hardin & 
Co.. consisting of S. H. Hardin and his stepson, 
John ( Irieves Mcllvain. Mr. Hardin is the 
present president of the Old Settlers' Club and 
takes great interest in the organization. He was 
nominated for the legislature in 1902 without 
his knowledge or consent, was elected by a very 
large majority and in the Seventh Legislative 
Assembly served his people and his state with 
marked ability. His nomination for governor in 

1906 is generally spoken of. He is not, nor 
ever has been, in politics and should the high 
office of governor of his young, virile state be 
tendered him, it \ull no doubt fail to induce him 
to enter the field of politics. "Hardin Cabin" the 
family home is located on his ranch, being built 
on an eminence at the confluence of the Tongue 
River and Wolf Creek, commanding a grand 
view of mountains, hills and valleys for miles in 
every direction. It is a most spacious and charm- 
ir.g country home, having few if any equals in 
the Rocky Mountain region. Mr. Hardin mar- 
ried in 1895 with Mrs. Jessie Grieves Mcllvain, 
a native of Philadelphia, Pa., a daughter of 
Charles Brown and Christina ( Dubois ) Grieves 
of that city, and their charming and hospitable 
In ime receives from her supervision a most de- 
lightful addition of cultured refinement. 


1 )ne of the pioneer stockmen of Albany 
county, Wyoming, who have here met with suc- 
cess is James Hardman, the subject of this 
sketch, who is now a prominent citizen of Lara- 
mie. A native of England, born in the year 1837, 
he is the son of Richard and Sarah (Wyld) 
Hardman, both natives of England, where the 
father was a calico printer, following that occu- 
pation at Bury, in his native country, up to the 
time of his death in 1867, at the age of fifty-nine 
years. In politics he was a Liberal, and was the 
son of James and Bettie Hardman, both natives 
of England, where the mother was also born in 
1811, a daughter of James Wyld, a leading cit- 
izen of Bury, who was engaged in the dual vo- 
cations of farming and butchering. She was a 
woman of extraordinary character and the moth- 
er of thirteen children, eight of whom are now 
living. She passed away in 1894 at the great 
age of eighty-three years. James Hardman 
passed his early life in his native country and 
received such limited schooling as his opportuni- 
ties permitted in the public schools in the neigh- 
borhood of Bury. At the early age of eight years 
he was put to work in the woolen mills at that 
place, where he remained for a short time, at the 



age of fourteen years entering upon an ap- 
prenticeship to the trade of machinist. He pur- 
sued tliis employment for ahout seven years in 
England, then accepted a position with an iron- 
works company, and traveled in the interest of 
that house for six years. In 1804 he came to 
America and located first in New Jersey, secur- 
ing employment as a machinist for ahout one 
\ear and then removed to the interior of the 
state of Xew York, where he continued in the 
same occupation until 18/1, when lie resolved to 
come to the western country, and soon found 
himself at Greeley, in the territory of Colorado. 
At this place, he followed his former occupa- 
tion and ranching for a short time, thence com- 
ing to the territory of Wyoming, where in 1874 
he accepted a position in the shop-, of the I'nion 
Pacific Railroad at Laramie. Here he remained 
for twelve years, being one of the most trusted 
employes of that company. In July, 1886, he 
resigned his position with the railroad and lo- 
cated a homestead near his present ranch prop- 
erty, about eighteen miles southwest of Lara- 
mie. where he engaged in raising cattle and 
in ranching. Here he has remained up to the pres- 
ent writing engaged in the same pursuit and has 
met with marked succe-s, lu-ing now the owner 
of a fine ranch of over MOO acres of land, well 
ced and with modern improvements, build- 
ings and appliances for the carrying on of his 
business. He takes a special pride in the raising 
of thoroughbred and graded stock, and makes a 
-pecialtv of the white-face line of cattle. In 1861, 
in his native conntrv, Mr. Ilardinan was united 
in marriage with .Miss Marx l>rnt. a nativi of 
Durham. England, and a daughter ot William 
]>eiit, our of tin- leading residents of that place. 
To their union were bom MX children, Sarah. 
William. Emma i now deceased). Edwin. \nna. 
Bessie (decea ed). Mrs. llanlman passed awaj 
from earth in i8Sj and was buried at I.aramic, 
\Vyo. In iS8|. Mr. Ilardinan was as;:iin mar- 
ried, the bride bein^ Mrs. \liri (Buckley) Kent. 
a nati\e of England, and a dan-liter of John 
and Eli/aheih (Brooks) I'.nckl. . both natives 
of the <niu country, who had one child by her 
first marriage. Her father was a master boiler- 

maker in England, and followed that occup 
up to the \ear i8<xj. He then disposed of his 
boiler-making business and entered into partner- 
ship with his father in the cotton waste and gro- 
cery business which he followed until his death, 
in the year i8<)7. when he had attained to the age 
of seventy-three years. He was the son of John 
I'.nckley. who long successfully followed dealing 
in groceries and cotton waste in his native coun- 
try of England. Mrs. Hardman's mother passed 
away on July J_>. 18';". and her father was named 
David Brooks, who was also a successful busi- 
ness man of England. To the union of Mr. 
Mrs. Hardman have been born two children. 
James 1!. and Alice II., both of whom are living. 
Politically, Mr. Hardman is a stanch member of 
the Republican party, taking an active part in 
public affairs. Fraternally, he is affiliated with 
the Free Masons and the Independent < >rder of 
(idd Fcllo\\.s, being one of the leading men of 
his section of \Yvomiiig and enjoying the re- 
spect of nearly all classes of people. 


One of the leading citizens of Salem. \\ 
ming. is the subject of this brief sketch, Henry 
S. Hanson, a prominent ranchman and stock- 
owner \\lio is a native of Sweden, born in tint 
country on July 11. [870, a son of John and Mar- 
tha (Olson) Hanson, both natives of the same 
country, where hi uiher followed the occupa- 
tion of tanning until his emigration to A.mi 
uhich occurred in January, tSSS. for leaving his 
family at the old home in Sucdcn. the father 
then came to the \e\\ World, locating first in 
Henry county, Illinois, where he established him- 
self in farming and a few months later as 
as he had arranged hi-- new home for tin 
coinniodation. he senl for his \\ife and children 
to join him. I l> re the\ remained en 
,-IL ncnltnral pursuits until i8o_' when in the fall 
the I'aniih removed to Wyoming, and there im- 
took up the ranch which the subject 
of this sketch now owns and occupies, sit! 
about fourteen miles northwest of Tine I'.lulTs. 
Soon after establishing themsehes at this place. 



they purchased a small band of cattle and en- 
'1 in a modest way in cattleraising. The 
father continued in this occupation with con- 
siderable success until 1898, when he disposed 
of his interest in the ranch and cattle to his son, 
Henry, and removed to Minnesota, purchasing 
a farm in the county of Isanti, and there he has 
continued forming until the present writing. 
Henry S. Hanson grew to manhood in his na- 
tive country and there received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools. Coming to Amer- 
ica with his mother in 1888, he continued to re- 
side at the family home in Illinois, until 1889, 
when he left home and, going to the northern 
part of AYisconsin, he there secured employ- 
ment in a sawmill until the spring of 1890, when 
he then returned to Henry county, Illinois, and 
engaged in farming there until August, 1895, 
thence coming to Wyoming on a visit to his par- 
ents, who were then residing at their ranch 
about fourteen miles from Pine Bluffs, and here 
he remained for a short time, assisting his fa- 
ther in the work and management of the ranch 
'IK! cattle. Afterward he removed to Colorado, 
where he located in the vicinity of Greeley, se- 
curing employment as a farmhand. Here he re- 
mained acquiring a thorough knowledge of 
ranching and stockraising until 1898. when he 
returned to Wyoming, and purchased from his 
father the home ranch, with the cattle and all 
other property interests, and since that time he 
has been continuously employed in the manage- 
ment of his ranch and prosperous cattle business, 
during a portion of the time being associated 
with his brother, Joseph, who has now a small 
interest in the business. By hard work, close at- 
tention to business and careful management and 
personal supervision of all details Mr. Hanson 
is building up a good paying property. Po- 
litically, he is a stanch adherent of the Repub- 
lican party, ever active in the political life of the 
section where he resides. In 1898 he received 
the appointment as postmaster at Salem, giving 
entire satisfaction to the public until 1901, when 
he tendered his resignation that he might make 
a visit to his native country where he remained 
for three months, rapidly visiting the scenes of 

his childhood and early manhood, and then re- 
turned again to his Wyoming ranch and cattle 
interests, where he has since been fully occupied, 
bring one of the rising young stockmen of Lar- 
amie county. 


The postmaster and leading merchant of Au- 
burn, Uinta county, Harold H. Harrison, is a 
native of Utah, born on April 4, 1863, the son 
of Henry J. and Sarah E. (Burningham) Har- 
rison, natives of England, who came to Utah in 
1860, crossing the plains with handcarts, theirs 
being the second train of this kind to make the 
trip. The father was a mason by trade and 
worked at his craft as diligently and faithfully 
in his new home as he had done in the old. He 
put up the first brick house built at Bountiful 
and now divides his time between this place and 
Salt Lake City, still working at his trade al- 
though past seventy years of age. His parents, 
James and Judith (Edgerton) Harrison, came 
from England to L T tah some time after his ar- 
rival there and Mrs. Harrison, Harold's mother, 
was a daughter of Thomas and Sarah E. Burn- 
ingham of England. She died in Utah in 1887, 
aged fifty-three years. Harold Harrison was the 
eldest of the eight children- of his parents and 
was educated in the public schools of L T tah. He 
learned the trade of his father and worked at it 
with his father in his native place until 1892 
when he came to Auburn, Wyoming', and en- 
gaged in merchandising, purchasing the store 
and stock of Charles Kingston, now a resident 
of Evanston, Wyo., and settling down to busi- 
ness, being one of the earliest residents of the 
town. His venture prospered and his trade in- 
creased to such an extent that in 1898 he was 
obliged to build more extensive accommoda- 
tions, and he accordingly erected a commodious 
and convenient two-story store building, in which 
he gathered and arranged for advantageous dis- 
play and for convenient handling as large, varied 
and well-selected a stock of general merchandise 
as can be found anywhere in this part of the 
country. This storehouse is complete in equip- 



mcnt and has under it the best cellar in the val- 
lev. From his settlement here Mr. Harrison 
has been the postmaster of the town and for 
six years was also a justice of the peace. Tie 
was married at Salt Lake City on September 21, 
iSSj. with .Miss Clara Mold, a native of ling- 
land and a daughter of Thomas and Jane 
(Spencer) Mold, who came to I.' tali in 1870 with 
her widowed mother and the rest of the family. 
Mr. and Mrs. Harrison have six children, Lil- 
lian Clara, Harold Roy, Ross Leo, Ona Alvin, 
\ i\i;m ('ceil and Rex Leland. The head of this 
house is one of the leading citizens of this county, 
being- universally respected and esteemed. 


1 11 "I '.dedonia's rugged hills" for generations 
have lived the ancestors of Robert B. Harvey of 
Mountain Yie\v. Wyoming, his father being the 
first of the family to leave their native Scotland 
and cross the Atlantic to secure a home in the 
1'nited States, eventually locating in the city of 
Muscatine, Towa, where, on July 23, 1860, Rob- 
ert was born. His parents were William H. and 
es i MeCulloch) Harvey, and they gave to 
their children such educational advantages as 
1 lilable at the time, Robert attending the 
public schools until 18/7. when he courage' m-dy 
took up the duties of life for himself and coming 
to F' >rt I'.ridger, Wyoming, he engaged to ride 
the range for Philip Mass, following this stren- 

oceupation for him for three years, and two 
H n after in the F'.ig Horn country. From there 
1" returned to his former home in this state and 
there forming a partnership with his uncle, he 

charge of a band of cattle on shares. He 
d in his undertaking and at the end of 
">1 up a tract of 160 acres of land 
-mith's Fork, about one mile fnnn the little 
village of Mountain View, where In is now lo- 
cated permanently and where he has since in- 
dividually conducted a cumulative industry in 
raising cattle md hor es, having line grades of 
each, and in addition has valuable real estate in- 
terest- in the town of Mountain View. I'.v his 
earnesl and forceful energy and integriu Mr. 

Harvey has risen to importance in local public 
affairs, baring bei n the capable and efficient 
road supervisor of the southeast district of Uinta 
county during the past four year-, discharging 
his duties to the satisfaction of the people and 
the benefit of the community. In politics he is 
allied with the Republican party, and fraternally 
he is connected with the Woodmi n of the World 
through his membership in the local lodge at 
Fort Bridget-. <)n November 25, iSS^. in 
ramento, California, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Emma Forehand, a daughter of Am- 
mon and Annie I \\Ybster) Forehand, natives of 
Litchfield, 111., pioneers of that state. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Harvey are Robert W.. 
George E.. William R.. Ralph A., and Hazel S., 
who died at the age of seven years in February, 
1902, Edna, who died in infancy in X 
1899, Frederick A. and Fdith E. 

\ [ES R. II. \WLEY. 

The capable, accurate and very efficient time- 
keeper for the Union Pacific Railroad at Raw- 
lins, Carbon county, Wyoming, was born in Liv- 
y, Xew York, in 1838. His father. 
Tames Hawley, was born in Delaware county in 
the sami tat in [806, but died in Liviiu 
count) in 1*07. being a son of John and Mary 
( Robinson) Itawley, the farmer of whom i 
native of Scotland, who M tiled in tin 
Xew York in 1801 and there passed the re- 
mainder "f his life. The mothi r of James K. 
llawley bore the maiden name of Mary Ruth- 
ven and was born in Scotland, married in Xew 
ite and died in 1851. the mother of ten 
children. James R. llawlev i his prep- 

aratory education in the public schools and then 
attended the Western Xeu York Seminai 
Lima, X". Y.. from which he was graduated in 
1 8;. j. The i ten rs 1 

i, ai hing < h",>l in his nati 1 then he 

turned his attention to fanning, in 1875 coming 
to l.nraniie. Wyoming, and enter! 
of the I fnion Pai ilic Railroad 

ing tin- position two years, then comin- to 
Rawlins. where he IMS sinee lived, \\ith lb.' 



ception of >i\ years, ami is employed by the 
1'iiion Pacific as time-keeper. In [ 868' Mr. Haw - 
ley married with Miss Olivia Doty, who was 
born in Xi-w York in 1840, a daughter of Smith 
Doty ; but she was called from earth in 1878 leav- 
ing four children, Frederick E., James G., Cecil, 
Charlotte, deceased. Mr. Hawley is an ener- 
getic member of the Republican party and has 
done his share of active party work, on more than 
one occasion being largely instrumental in its 
success at the polls. His personal popularity has 
been demonstrated by his election to several of- 
fices of trust, honor and prominence, chief among 
them being justice of the peace of Rawlins, pro- 
bate judge of Carbon county and county treas- 
urer, in all of which offices he has fully come 
up to the expectations of his constituents and 
met with the approbation of the public. Mr. 
Hawley is a gentleman of great mental capacity, 
which has been plainly manifested in every po- 
sition he has held, and it is within the scope of 
reasonable supposition that higher honors await 
him in the near as well as the ultimate future. 
He is public-spirited and broadminded, and ever 
readV to contribute of his available means and 
to lend a helping hand to all enterprises that 
have a tendency to advance and improve the 
general prosperity of the community. He is .a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and lives 
strictly in accordance with the teachings of that 
grand organization. As a citizen he is univer- 
sally respected, for he conscientiously performs 
every duty entailed upon him and as a man he 
counts his friends by the hundreds. 


The foremost citizen of the state of 'Wye <- 
ming, and one of the leading public men of the 
United States, is Senator Francis E. Warren. 
For many years he has been identified with the 
commercial and political life of the territory and 
state and has been a prominent factor in develop- 
ing the resources and laying the foundations of 
the commonwealth of Wyoming. A resident of 
Wyoming since 1868, he has seen it grow from 
its then primitive condition to the civilization 

and prosperity of the present day. Savagery 
and barbarity have passed away and the desert 
and wilderness have given way to settled and 
prosperous agricultural districts and industrial 
centers alive with the busy ways of trade and 
commerce. In this marvellous growth and de- 
velopment Senator Warren has borne a foremost 
part for more than thirty-four years. Coming 
to the territory when but twenty-four years of 
age, he held the responsible position of mana- 
ger of the extensive mercantile interests of Mr. 
A. R. Converse, then one of the most extensive 
operators on the frontier. At that time the city 
of Cheyenne was a typical western town, hav- 
ing all the characteristics of frontier life on the 
plains. It had no buildings save tents and tem- 
porary frame structures and there was little re- 
gard for law or for social order. The great 
change that has come about during the years 
which have followed has been due in no small 
measure to the energy and progressive spirit, 
the organizing ability and strength and the firm- 
ness of character of Senator Warren. A native 
of the old commonwealth of Massachusetts, he 
was born in the city of Hinsdale on June 20, 
1844. His father was Joseph S. Warren, a 
member of the distinguished New England fam- 
ily of that name. They were among the early set- 
tlers of Massachusetts and bore an historic part 
in the early Colonial history of the American 
republic, Gen. Joseph Warren who fell at the 
battle of Bunker Hill being a representative of 
the family. The mother of Senator Warren, 
Cynthia E. Abbott, was of English descent, and 
her family were among the pioneers of the 
Massachusetts colony, the name often occurring 
in early, as well as later, New England history. 
The father of Francis E. Warren was always a 
farmer and trader, a shrewd and successful man 
of business, but while in many respects a man 
of liberal ideas, he did not believe in the higher 
education, and thought the training of the com- 
mon schools, which was all that he himself pos- 
sessed, was sufficient for anyone. He therefore 
cno airaged his children to master the details of 
practical things and to acquire a knowledge of 
commercial and industrial life rather than to 


' SEW 7M 

A6TOJ*., I-fc^OX AND 

.' /CWE 




devote their time to an academical and clas-ual 
education. Consequently vomit; Warren had 
little opportunity of acquiring an education in 
his early life, his schooling being confined to a 
few weeks' attendance upon the district sell' >U 
during the winter season and the rest of his time 
occupied with work on the farm. At fifteen 
\ ears of age he attended Hinsdale Academy for 
one year, and that marked the end of his school 
life, lie was then placed in charge of a dairy 
farm fur a year, and at the age of seventeen 
years he enlisted in Co. C, Forty-ninth Mass. 
Infantry as a soldier of the Union army of the 
Civil \Yar. His regiment was ordered into in- 
struction camps at Pittsfield and Worcester, 
there drilled and prepared for service, then they 
were ordered to Xew York City for garrison 
duty, later going to New Orleans, being assigned 
to the nineteenth army corps. The regiment 
\\as soon detailed for service at the front and 
took part in the siege and capture of Port Hud- 
-.011 and in other important engagements in- 
cluding Donaldsonville. During the siege of 
I 'oil Hudson, Corporal Warren, for he had been 
promoted, participated in one of the most gallant 
actions of the war, and in later years Congress 
recognized the heroism of the few survivors, 
awarding them medals of honor. Tt had been 
determined to storm the Confederate position, and 
the I'orty-ninth Mass, was called upon for volun- 
teers to precede the main force of the at- 
tacking army and fill with fascines a large trench 
which formed a part of the enemy's defences and 
must lie passed by the I'nion forces in making 
the proposed attack. Young Warren \va> one 
of ill' firsl volunteers for this dangerous service. 

\s >oi in as the purpose of this advance force was 
observed by the enctm . a tire so terrilic was 
opened upon it that about three- fourths of the 
little band were either killed or wounded, but 
the resi.lnte remainder, the "forlorn hope." ac- 
complished its purpose, although at an appalling 
sacrifice of life, and prepared the way for the 
successful assault. While the firing was at its 
height, the fascine carried by Corporal Warren 

uas struck by a cannon ball and the blow 

knocked him down and rendered him uncon- 
i i 

scions for several hours. To this circumstance 
he doubtless owes his life, for under the deadly 
fire of the enemy evcrv commissioned officer of 
the command was killed and the entire de- 
tachment practically annihilated. Remaining in 
the service until the close of the war. Senator 
Warren then returned to his native state and was 
the manager of a large stock farm until the 
spring of 1868, when he determined to seek his 
fortune in the far west and came to Iowa, where 
he became a foreman of construction w< irk > n\ 
the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, 
soon however going to Cheyenne, Wyo., where 
he at once engaged in mercantile pursuits and 
also became interested in the live stock business. 
From the first his energy, untiring perseverance 
and indomitable resolution to make for himself 
a high place in the business and public life of the 
new country brought to him a large measure of 
success. In 1X7 i was formed the large mercan- 
tile firm of Converse & \Yarren. which for years 
carried on an extensive business in Cheyenne and 
adjacent territory. Subsequently he purchased 
the interest of his partner and continued the 
business as F. F. Warren & Co. Several years 
later the operations of this house became so ex- 
tended that it was incorporated as the F. F. 
Warren .Mercantile Co., Senator Warren being 
it- president. This company has been for many 
years the leading mercantile house of Wyoming 
and its business transactions extended throughout 
the entire state. Mr. Warren is one of the pioneer 
stoekmeii of the west and has done much to de- 
velop that industry no1 only in Wyoming but 
in adjoining states. 1 luring the decade tmm 
1873 to iXS^ he gave attention to the raisil 
cattle and sheep, and wa> a member of the live 
stock firms of ( iuiterman \ Warren, Miner \ 
\\arren and I'ost X- Warren, all having large iu- 
terests in Wvoming and Colorado. In iSS^, he 
organized and became the president of the War- 
ren l.ive Stock Co., one of the heaviest com- 
panies of the west, having extensive hol.lim 
lands. horses ami sheep in Wumiing and 
(oli.rado. Mr. Warren has shown his public 
spirit and his confidence in the fului 
( heyenne b\ erecting several of the lai 



blocks and most important buildings of the city, 
among them are the Warren Block, First Na- 
tional Bank Building, Atlas Block, Commercial 
Building, Union Block, Phoenix Block, the 
station of the Cheyenne and Burlington Railroad 
and numerous residences. He is also the presi- 
dent of the Cheyenne Light, Fuel & Power Co., 
which owns the electric light and gas-works of 
that city. Always foremost in the advocacy of 
all measures calculated to promote the interests 
of the city, or to develop the resources of the 
state, he has shown his faith by his works, and 
has invested the profits of his business enter- 
prise in the building up of the city of his resi- 
dence and the state of his adoption. Seldom has 
his judgment been in error, either in business or 
public affairs, and he is considered as one of 
safest and most conservative, as well as the most 
progressive and enterprising, of the leading men 
of the west. During his residence of thirty-four 
years of life in the territory and state. he has 
been called upon by his fellow citizens on many 
occasions to accept positions of honor and trust. 
In 1872 he was elected as a trustee of the city 
of Cheyenne and shortly afterward was elected 
one of the members of the Territorial Legis- 
lature, also serving as president of the Senate 
before he was thirty years of age, while for 
six years he was treasurer of the territory. 
In 1884 he was tendered and declined the unani- 
mous nomination of the Republican party as a 
candidate for delegate to Congress. In 1885 
he was elected mayor of Cheyenne and while ser- 
ing in that position was appointed as governor 
of the territory by President Arthur. During 
his term of office the anti-Chinese riots occurred 
at Rock Springs, Wyo., and by his decisive and 
statesmanlike action in enforcing the laws and 
protecting the Chinese he earned the commenda- 
tion of good citizens, not only in Wyoming but 
throughout the United States. Owing to his 
criticism of General Land Commissioner Sparks, 
which he saw fit to make in his official report as 
governor, he was removed from office by Presi- 
dent Cleveland, but in 1889 was again appointed 
governor by President Harrison, and served un- 
til the admission of Wyoming as a state. At 

the state election in 1890 he was elected the first 
governor of the state, and upon the convening 
of the legislature received the high distinction of 
an election as one of the first U. S. Senators from 
the state. He took his oath of office on December 
i, 1890, and his term expired on March 4, 
1893. In 1895 he was again elected by the leg- 
islature to that office, receiving the unanimous 
vote of the Republican members of the legisla- 
ture. When the legislature convened in 1901, 
^Senator Warren was occupied with official duties 
at Washington, D. C., but nearly all the members 
of the legislature wrote to him pledging their 
support for his reelection. He therefore did 
not return to his state and was duly reelected 
his own successor for the term ending March 
3, 1907. His record in the United States Senate 
has been distinguished by great ability and tire- 
less activity. He has been loyal to every interest 
of his constituents, while guarding the welfare 
of the people of the entire country. No sacrifice 
has been too great, nor has any expenditure, 
either of time or energy, been considered by him 
in the performance of his patriotic duty to the 
people of his state and nation. While not a 
speech-maker and considering himself only a 
plain man of business, he has nevertheless so 
impressed himself upon the U. S. Senate by his 
force of character and clearness of statement, 
that he is considered one of the leaders of that 
body, and is always listened to with reverence 
and respect. Devoted to the interests of the 
west and believing that no greater question was 
ever presented for the consideration of the 
thoughtful men of America than the irrigation 
of the arid lands, it was largely through his ef- 
forts that the Congress passed the present na- 
tional irrigation law. He is chairman of the 
Senate Committee on Claims, one of the most 
important committees of Congress and is also a 
member of the following important committees, 
Appropriations, Agriculture and Forestry, Irri- 
gation and Reclamation of Arid Lands, Military 
Affairs, Public Buildings and Grounds, Indus- 
trial Expositions. He is one of the strong men 
of the west, a practical man of large affairs, 
possessing broad views and statesmanlike char- 



ackr, whose service in the U. S. Senate has been 
of inestimable value to the people of his state 
and to the entire country. Successful in business, 
straightforward in his methods, both in busi- 
ness and in public life, unselfish and unswering 
in his devotion to public duty, he is loyal to his 
friends, faithful to the people of Wyoming, and 
a patriotic and distinguished representative of 
the American republic. 


Standing out as one of the central figures in 
tin- recent history of Wyoming is the name of 
Hon. Josiah A. Van Orsdel. Prominent in 
the public and political affairs of the state, with 
a reputation as a jurist second to none of his 
compeers and possessing those abilities eminently 
fitting him for high station, there are few men 
of his age that have achieved as marked distinc- 
tion in professional and official life. Although 
a young man, there is in him a weight of char- 
acter, a native sagacity, a far-seeing judgment 
and a fidelity of purpose to the various private 
and public trusts with which he has been iden- 
tified, that commands the unbounded respect of 
the people, irrespective of political creed. Of 
indefatigable enterprise and fertility of resource, 
he has carved his name deeply upon the records 
of Wyoming and no compendium, such as the 
province of this work defines in its essential 
limitations, will serve to offer a complete record 
of his life, character and accomplishments. 
Josiah A. Van Orsdel, the attorney-general nf 
\\ Doming, i- a native of Lawrence county, Pa., 
where he was born on November 17, 1860. He 
is a scion of an old Colonial family, tracing his 
lineage back to an early period in the history of 
his own state and Virginia. His father, Ralph 
L. Van Orsdel, wa - born in \dam- county. Pa., 
lav 9, 1812. TTis mother, who-e maiden 
name' was Margaret Randolph, was a native of 
Beaver county. I 'a. The father was a -on of 
Cornelius Van Or-d. 1 , ,f Virginia, .'i Revolu- 
tionary soldier, who distinguished himself in 

si irne if the most noted camp; < - < 'f (lie his- 

toric struggle for independence, participating 

in a number of battles as a private and the col- 
orbearer. He bore a gallant part in the action 
at Eutaw Springs and at the close of the war 
was awarded by an act of Congress a large tract 
of land in western Pennsylvania, for brave and 
meritorious conduct in that memorable engage- 
ment. When independence was achieved lie 
moved to Adams county, Pa., thence in 1823 
to Beaver county, where he died in 1826. He 
followed agricultural pursuits in his native state 
until.his death in 1891, Mrs. Van Orsdel dying in 
[886. Ralph and Margaret Van Orsdel had 
ten sons and one daughter, Josiah A. being the 
youngest, of this large family on,ly six are non- 
living. In his native county and state and in 
the public schools [osiah A. Van Orsdel ac- 
quired his preliminary education, which was 
supplemented by a full classical course in West- 
minster College at Xe\v Wilmington, Pa., from 
which he was graduated with an honorable rec- 
ord in 1885. For one year thereafter he en- 
gaged in teaching, then entered the office of 
Dana ev Long, pnunineiu attorn New- 

castle, under whose instruction he had been 
prosecuting his law studies from the time of his 
graduation. Upon completing his legal c 
he turned his face westward and engaged in 
business for a time in ' , >:mty. Xeb., where 

he was admitted to the practice of his profes- 
sion. Tn 180,1 he came to Cheyenne and formed 
] partnership with Hugo Donzelman which 
lasted one year, during which time the firm 
built up a large and lucrative legal business. 
The partnership dissolving. Mr. Van < 'rsdel and 
R. E. Esteb became associated in a legal prac- 
tice and the same fall he w; 

'prosecuting attorney, the duties of which of- 
fice he discharged in an able and satisfactory 
manner for two years. !! ook high rank 

among his pn brethren of the <"lu-y- 

enne bar and became a prominent factor in local 
and slate politics, his prestige as a lead 
th- Republics in Laramie comity bring- 

ing him eonspicti' public notice, lu the 

fall of iSi) | b. cted to repi 

mum \ in the ! iw er hi tuse 'f the - 
lure, and lie then tool a leading par! in th 

23< ' 


liberations ,.f iliat In iily. earning the reputation 
(if being an able, discreet and judicious law- 
maker. I!y reason of his supi-rior legal attain- 
ments he was given places on some of the most 
impiinant of the house committees, notably 
that of lands and irrigation; as chairman of this 
committee he was instrumental in framing and 
passing a bill providing for the acceptance by 
the state of the million acres granted by the 
I". S. government under the Carey act, accom- 
plishing great good to the state in the way of 
redeeming and making habitable large areas of 
country formerly deemed valueless, this induc- 
ing an industrious class of people to purchase 
them for agricultural and grazing purposes. In 
February, 1895, Mr. Van Orsdel was also made 
chairman of the commission appointed by the 
government to compile, revise and codify the 
laws of Wyoming. This service, which was not 
completed until 1899, bears evidence of scholar- 
ship and great legal erudition. Mr. Van Ors- 
del's record as a legislator is replete with duly 
ably performed in the interest of his constitu- 
ents and the state at large, and he retired from 
the office with the approbation of the people, 
regardless of political complexion. In January, 
1898, he was further honored by being ap- 
pointed attorney-general of Wyoming to fill the 
unexpired term of Hon. Benjamin F. Fowler, 
and on April i of the following year he was 
chosen his own successor for a full term of four 
years. In the exalted office he now holds Mr. 
Van Orsdel's career has fully demonstrated the 
wisdom of his appointment and his course has 
been eminently satisfactory to the people of the 
state. He has more than met the high expecta- 
tions of his friends, and so discharges the duties 
of the position as to receive the hearty approval 
and warm commendation of the bar of Wyo- 
ming, as well as the populace. He is independ- 
ent, fearless, honest and singularly painstaking, 
discharging his duties in strict compliance with 
the law. without fear or favor. It is but just 
to say, and infinitely to General Van Orsdel's 
credit, that no personal or political bias, pre- 
judice or zeal has ever been able to deflect his 
mind from its honest and intelligent convic- 

tions. 1 lis written opinions attest his fitness for 
judicial position. His style is lucid, unstrained 
ami vigorous; his statements full and compre- 
hensive, his analysis perspicuous and complete ; 
his opinions show research, industry and care, 
and challenge approval. As a lawyer General 
Van Orsdel has stood high ever since his ad- 
mission to the bar. He has a large practice and 
has been signally successful. He evinces a fa- 
miliarity with legal principles, a ready percep- 
tion of facts and the ability to apply the one 
to the other which obtain for him the reputa- 
ton of an able and judicious practitioner. X<> 
one knows better than he the necessity of 
thorough preparation in the trial of causes and 
no one is more industrious and painstaking in 
this respect. Always courteous and deferential 
to the court, kind and forbearing towards his 
adversaries, he conducts his cases with becom- 
ing dignity, never resorting to low personalties, 
vituperation or abuse. Loyal to his client, he 
leaves nothing undone in his behalf, and in the 
treatment of the case in hand is always clear 
and exhaustive. He has a read}- command of 
language and in arguing a cause presents his 
facts in logical order, enforcing them with 
strong appeals to reason and judgment, fre- 
quently rising to true eloquence. Reference 
has already been made to him as a politician 
and political leader. He is an able and aggres- 
sive campaigner and there are always great de- 
mands for his services on the hustings in state 
and national contests. He stumped the state 
in 1894, making friends and winning votes 
wherever he addressed meetings. As a mem- 
" her of the Republican State Central Committee 
he was largely instrumental in leading his party 
to success in several campaigns. At the present 
time he is the chairman of the committee, con- 
ducting his third successive campaign as such 
officer. In this capacity he has shown marked 
executive ability, leading his party to victory 
in each campaign. As a party manager he is 
fully appreciated by the party leaders, as well 
as by the rank and file of the party throughout 
the state. In March, 1895, General Van Orsdel 
formed a partnership with C. W. Burdick, 



which --till exists. When in it attending to his 
official duties hr gives close personal attention 
In the extensive business \\-hich has come to 
the tirin, and he may be said to be one of the 
busiest as \vell ns one of the nio-t successful 
law vcrs of the Wy< miing liar. lie is in the 
prime of life, popular with all classes as a law- 
yer, official and citizen, and it is sale to predict 
For him a prosperous and distinguished career 
in years yet to be. In his domestic life he is 
fortunately situated, enjoying the companion- 
ship of a:i intelligent and refined wife, to whom 
he was married on July _>S. iS.jt. at lime 
Spring. Xeli.. her maiden name being Kale 
I'.arnnm. They have a beautiful home in Chey- 
enne, where their cultured hospitality is always 
in evidence, (ieneral Van Orsdel is a member 
of the 1'resbyterian church of Cheyenne and he 
has served on its board of trustees for ten 


Through many lines of productive activity, 
in mercantile lite, the stock industry, banking. 
mining and real-estate dealing on an extensive 
and through a large acquaintance with cus- 
toms, interest- and people- in various part- of 
our country. I Ion. Menrv G. I lay. the 

iirer of Wyoming, has come to his pre-ent 
landing eminence in tliis |iart of the world 
and his fitne-- and greal capacity For influence 
and high standing anywhere, lie was liorn at 
[ndianapolis, Ind.. on ( ictober ^i. 1,^7. the son 
of ( leorge I ). an.l Harriet II. i \\tell i Hay, the 
former .1 native of l.anca-tcr omnix. I'a.. and 
the latter of Geneva, X. Y.. his father being a 
linelit merchant of the cilv of his nativity. 
Soon after his birth the family removed to Vin- 
ei line-, Ind.. and there the father continued for 
a number of years the business so successfully 
carried on at Indianapolis. Some years later he 
took n]) hi- residence at Xew ( h'leans and made 

that Southern metropolis the base of his mercan 

tile operations until the beginning of the ' 
\Yar drove him through the blockade to seek a 
home for his declining years among the pei ip!e 

holding the sentiments which were dear to him 
and \\lio were defending them. The autumnal 
evening of his life descended quietly and p 
fully to the tomb, the end coining on the Atlantic 
si aboard at a pleasant resort where his remains 
ere cremated, from whence the ashes were 
brought to his former home at Vincennes and 
buried beside those of his wile who had died a 
number of years before. Their son. Hem 
Hay, attended the Vincennes (Ind.) I 'nivcrsity 
until he wa- seventeen years old, then wem 
for a com^e in the ( ierman language with the 
Harmony Society at Economy, in [leaver county, 
Pa. At the close of hi- year there he entered the 
Eastman Commercial College at Poughkccpsie, 
X. Y.. from which he was graduated in iSMi. Me 
then came west to Missouri and was made super- 
intendent of a lead mining company at the age of 
nineteen, holding the position four years, there- 
after removing to Cheyenne. Wyo., being there 
appointed a deputy I '. S. surveyor tinder Dr. 
Silas Reed, the first surveyor-general of the ter- 
ritory. In this capacity lie surveyed the first 
mile of tin- government -. \Yyoming. it 

tile eighth guide meridian, about twelve 
miles east of Cheyenne. lb served five years a- 
a deputy surveyor, in the meantime going into 
the ranch and stock industry nine miles soutll- 
of Cheyenne, in partnership with John 
li. Thomas, under the linn name of May & 
Thomas. Thcv continued in this business until 
[883 when they sold OUl to Senator Warren 
transferring to him one of the best managed and 
best known stock jndu i be found in those 

days, tin- the Senator vet owns and he has ab 
lowed it to suffer no diminution in volume or de- 
pression in standard. In the fall of 1X75. in 
ner-hi|> \\ith I. C. \Vliipple as Whipple \ 
\l r. I lay started i large g and 

engaged in outlining for the I Hack Mills and tin- 
ranches. In iSS} this business wa- -old to the 
I'nion Mercantile Co., which still own- and con- 
ducts it. After the sale of these two enter: 
Whipple \ May foinied the l.aramie Rivet- 
tie ("o.. and engaged extensively in the live 
business, until lSo|. 1'cfoie this indu-trv bi 
operation-, in iXSi. Mr. llav. Thonia- StU 



and J. M. Carey organized the Stockgrowcrs' Na- 
tional Bank at Cheyenne, with Mr. Hay as cash- 
ier. This position he held until 1894 when he 
became its president and he has served in this 
capacity continuously since that time, having 
been a director since the organization of the 
bank. This financial house is one of the strongest 
and best managed banking institutions in this 
part of the world, and is a source of perennial 
blessing to the city and county. Its resources 
include a capital stock of $100,000, with $90,000 
surplus, loans and discounts aggregating over 
$900,000 and deposits amounting to $1,500,000. 
It was the only bank in Cheyenne that survived 
the panic of 1893 and it has come forth from 
ever}- financial trial untarnished and maintained 
an exalted reputation for great fiscal resources, 
prudent and skillful management and a spirit 
of generous accommodation. Mr. Hay owns 
considerable real-estate of high value in different 
parts of the state and mining properties and town 
lots and houses. In politics he is an ardent 
Republican, everywhere regarded as one of the 
leading and most forceful and effective workers 
in his party. He was a member of the conven- 
tion which framed the constitution of the state, 
was one of the commissioners from Wyoming 
to the Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 
1893, and was elected state treasurer in 1894, 
carrying every county in the state. He served in 
this office four years and then retired, but in 
1902 he was again elected state treasurer, repeat- 
ing his wonderful achievement of eight years be- 
fore, even improving on it by the size of his ma- 
jority. In fraternal relations he is an enthusias- 
tic Freemason, and has mounted on the mystic 
ladder step by step to the Thirty-second degree 
of the Scottish Rite, belonging also to chapter, 
commandery, council and the Mystic Shrine. Of 
the Blue Lodge at Cheyenne he has been a mem- 
ber for more than thirty years. He is also affili- 
ated with the order of Elks and the Sons of the 
Revolution, belonging to one of the leading 
societies of this organization in Pennsylvania and 
eligible to membership through Revolutionary 
ancestors on both sides of his house. He is 
besides a charter member of the Cheyenne Club, 

belongs actively to the Denver Club and to the 
Denver Athletic Club in Colorado. In each of 
these organizations he takes a leading part and 
r< ii'lrrs highly appreciated service. But life has 
not for Mr. Hay been all work and contest. He 
early bowed beneath the flowery yoke of Eros, 
marrying with Miss Ella O. Bullock, a daughter 
of James S. and Nancy (Barrows) Bullock, na- 
tives of Massachusetts. The marriage occurred 
on November 18, 1874, and Mrs. Hay died at 
Cheyenne on November 6, 1895. Her birth- 
place was Vermillionville, 111., and her remains 
were buried at Cheyenne, the place where she 
passed the most of her mature life, and where 
her charming graces and efficient society labors 
will long be remembered. Two children sur- 
vive her, Henry G., and Mildred. Henry G. 
Hay, Jr., received his academic education at the 
Cheyenne high school and was prepared for 
professional life in the law department of Ann 
Arbor University, Mich., from which he was 
graduated in 1896. He was admitted to practice 
in all the courts of the state at Cheyenne and is 
now connected with his father's bank. He was 
married on October 12, 1897, to Miss Bessie 
Robins, an adopted daughter of W. A. Robins, 
who was for many years secretary of the Union 
Mercantile Co., of Cheyenne. They have one 
child, Henry G. Hay. Miss Mildred Hay was 
educated in the schools of Cheyenne and at 
Philadelphia, Pa., and she assists in dispensing a 
generous and refined hospitality. 


There is no element of American citizenship 
that has been more productive of real good to 
the country, whether considered as a promoter 
and builder of industrial and commercial in- 
terests or as a moral and educational force in 
the community, than that we have received from 
the thrift and enterprise of the industrious Ger- 
man. Of this fact Henry Held of Sheridan, 
Wyoming, is an impressive illustration. He was 
born in the Fatherland on November 22, 1852, 
but when he was but fourteen years of age came 
to the United States. He lived for a short time 





with an uncle, and then enlisted in the Union 
army of the Civil War for a term of three years. 
He \vas discharged from the service at Fort 
i icy in Nebraska and for a time thereafter 
ged in railrn i ruction worl ffl the 

I "nion Pacific, working on this until the road was 
completed. He then returned to Cheyenne, and 
wa.s in the employ of the U. S. government until 
May 7, 1882. when he came to Sheridan and 
built his blacksmith shop, the first horseshoeing 
establishment in Sheridan, and was one of the 
i who laid out the town and he 
it its name of Sheridan and on a 
portion of it the town of Sheridan has risen to 
its present fine proportions. After working at 
his trade for a number of years he leased his 
shop and went into the real-estate business. In 
May 1900 he went to Alaska and is still there, 
his business in Wyoming being well managed 
hv his wife. In Alaska he has discovered coal 


mines of value and has other interests of magni- 
tude which he is developing. At Sheridan he 
nwns 430 acres of land, also the Mount Hope 

tery, the building occupied by the court- 
house, and other property which is steadily in- 
creasing in value. Mr. Held was married at 
mi October 10, 1875, to Miss Nettie 
I'.. Xall. a native of Fayette. Arkansas, being a 
daughter of Larkin and Rebecca Xall. natives 
of Kentucky and Tennessee. The father died 
in 1861 and the mother now lives in the Indian 
Territory. In the absence of her husband Mrs. 
Held manages all his business in this state and 
has exhibited business capacity of a high order. 
Everything prospers in her hands, this being 
not the result of accident bul thr legitimate fruit 

1 ill. care and ability. Both herself and her 
hiishand arc highly respected and esteemed in 
(lie community and are fully worthy of the re- 
gard in which they are held. Mrs. Meld is a 
member of the Pioneers Association and a 
valued contributor to the inter.-; of its meet- 
ing- being also ;i charter member of the New 
F.ra Association of Sheridan, holding also the 
\icepres-idency of the society. Mr. Held is a 
l-'reemason. with membership in the lodge at 

Sheridan. Mr. and Mrs. Held have one child, 
Yirgie N., wife of John H. Ladd, station agent 
at the Crow Agency, Mont. 


Born in Bavaria, where his ancestors had 
lived for generations and where his mother died 
when he was but a child, coming to America 
with his father when he was eight years old and 
living for a time in Baltimore, later in Cincin- 
nati and still later in Chicago, then turning his 
back when he was but eighteen years of age 
upon all the allurements and conveniences of the 
centers of civilization and making his home on 
the wild frontier of the far west, helping to 
conquer hostile Indians, destroy lawless stage 
robbers and punish sneaking horse thieves, and 
giving himself and his energies to the develop- 
ment of the country and the multiplication and 
improvement of its civilizing influences, Chris. 
J. Hepp, of Kearney in Johnson county, has 
seen almost every phase of human life and has 
gathered wisdom from all his observation. The 
story of his adventurous and busy life, although 
fruitful in the elements of both comedy and 
tragedy, can here be told only in commonplace 
details. He was born in Bavaria on May 2, 
1857, the son of Karl and Elizabetha (Koch) 
Hepp, also natives of the same land. His 
mother died when he was a young child and in 
1865 he accompanied his father to America, 
landing at Baltimore, Md., and after passing a 
few years in that city removed to Cincinnati. 
Ohio, and somewhat later to Chicago, 111., at- 
tending the school- of these cities as he had 
opportunity, working between times until iS7_- 
when he went to northern Wisconsin to 1 
the struggle for snpremao among hi 
on his own account and he was there cm- 
ploved in the lumber industry and at farming 
for three years. In 1875 he came farther 
and during the next two years courted the 
smiles of fortune in the mining regions of the 
I'.lack II ills. During the gold excitement of 
1X77 he came to the I'.ig I lorn Mountains in 



the second partv of gold-seekers who invaded 
this almost unknown region, and after a summer 
of unsuccessful prospecting engaged in hunting 
and trapping on Powder River and other streams 
near Fort McKinney for two years. In the 
meantime, in 1878, he had taken up a home- 
stead on Little Piney Creek, twenty-three miles 
southeast of Sheridan and fifteen from Buffalo, 
on what is now the main road in Johnson 
county, it being a part of the ranch on which he 
now lives. In 1879 he went to Laramie for im- 
plements and materials for farming and return- 
ing to his ranch, on which he had built a house 
during the previous year, he began to cultivate 
and improve the land and has made of it a 
comfortable and desirable home. He owns 
1,000 acres, the most of it under cultivation, 
and all devoted to his principal industry, rais- 
ing cattle, in which he has been continuously en- 
gaged since he settled here. At the time of 
his occupancy of the land the public survey had 
not been made, and he had but one neighbor, 
T. J. Foster, on the creek. His land adjoined 
the old Fort Phil Kearney reservation and con- 
tained the remains of the soldiers and others 
who fell in the bloody massacre near this loca- 
tion. These have since been taken up and 
buried on the Custer battlefield. His first years 
of residence here were far from quiet. Stage 
robbers and horse thieves gave him trouble, 
roving bands of Indians looked upon his enter- 
prise with unfriendly eyes, wild beasts contested 
his right to peaceful possession of the soil he 
was bringing into fruitfulness, but he reso- 
lutely persevered in his efforts to gain a firm foot- 
hold and conquered every obstacle and found 
himself surrounded with other hardy adven- 
turers for whom also the rugged frontier wore 
a winning smile. The section in which they live 
is one of great historic interest and is often vis- 
ited by tourists on this account, it will ever be 
known as a locality where great tragedies of 
human life have been enacted and Mr. Hepp has 
a large and interesting collection of souvenirs 
of the events and personages that have made the 
region renowned. In the winter of 1885. at 
Grand Island, Neb., Mr. Hepp was united in 

marriage with Miss Rosa Weller, a native of 
Germany. They have six children, Rosa, Ellis, 
Elsie, Lora, Clara and Chris. In April, 1898, 
he enlisted in Co. C, First Wyoming Infantry, 
and served in the Philippine Islands in battles 
and engagements with Spanish forces in 1898, 
the assault and capture of Manila on August 
13, actions with Filipinos in 1899, the battle of 
San Pedro, Macati, February 5, battle of Guada- 
lupe February 22, battle of San Juan Del Monte 
.March 7. engagements at Maraquina and Anti- 
polo June 3-4, Zapote, in siege of Bakor and 
Imus June 15. the capture of San Nicholas June 
20. continuing in service until the fall of 1899 
when the regiment was brought back and he was 
mustered out as first sergeant of his company, 
having made an excellent record for gallantry and 
other soldierly qualities and having had a gold 
medal and a bronze medal presented to him. He 
silenced a Filipino batten- single handed at the 
battle of San Juan Del Monte on March 7, 1899; 
crawling within 200 yards of this battery he 
fired into the battery and silenced it, as he was 
the best shot in his company, having the best 
score in target practice of any one in Co. C. 


One of the leading ranchmen of his sec- 
tion, who as a raiser of stock has acquired both 
I'putation and financial success on his fertile 
ranch at the head of Fontenelle Creek, thirty-five 
miles from Opal, Mr. Herschler is a native of 
Lee count}', Iowa, where his birth took place 
on June 28, 1861. His parents, John 'and Eliza- 
beth (Pfeiffer) Herschler, are both natives of 
Germany, the father being a cooper by trade. 
John Herschler and family came to this country 
and early settled in Lee county, Iowa, where he 
has since been a farmer and stockraiser, his 
home being in the town of West Point, where 
he is living in retirement, his companion hav- 
ing departed this life in August, 1872, at the 
age of forty-three years. Their family orig- 
inally consisted of eight children, of whom five 
are living, Jacob being the eldest one of the 
survivors. He was born near the town of West 



Point, Iowa, and grew to \oimg manhood on 
his father's farm, enjoying the advantages of a 
common school education and also receiving 
instruction in a pri\-atc inslittUion ol' learning. 
Me was his father's valuable assistant as long 
as he remained under the parental rool and on 
reaching the age when young men are ex- 
pected to make their own way in the world he 
left home and engaged in agricultural pursuits 
upon his own responsibility in his native state 
until iSSii, \\heii he went to .Montana and for 
two years drove stage between Helena and 
White Sulphur Springs. Resigning his position 
with the stage company he came to L'inta 
county, Wyo.. and took up the ranch on Fonte- 
nelle Creek, where he now lives, subsequently 
adding to his place until it embraced 500 acres. 
it- present area. .Mr. Ilerschler's land is ad- 
mirably adapted for grazing, containing a dense 
growth of rich, nutritious grasses and a plenti- 
ful supply of water for all stock the ranch will 
accommodate. He has made substantial im- 
provements in the way of buildings and in 
Other lines and runs a large number of sheep 
and cattle and also devotes considerable atten- 
tion to horses. On September 2<\. iSSi>, at 
West I 1 ,, int. Iowa, was solemnixed the marriage 
ceremony of Mr. Herschler and Josephine Ful- 
ler, daughter of J. (I. and Helen M. ( Coggshall) 
Fuller, the father being' a native of Massachu- 
sitts and the mother of Pennsylvania. The Fill- 
in- a very old family of Scotch-Irish descent. 
I lie progenitors of the American branch com- 
ing to this county in a very early day. Jedu- 
than Fuller was a son of John and Sarah i( 'ohhi 
Fuller, of Connecticut, uheiv in 17(1.' was born 
Nathaniel Fuller, who with his wife Mary were 
the immediate progenitors i,f John. I low long 
before that dale the family was represented in 
tin Connecticut colony is not known, but its 
advent there was at a \er\ carl\ date. Mr. and 
Mrs. I li-fschlc-rV home is brightened by one 
son and three daughters, whose names in order 
of their succession are as follows: Helen I ., 
Francis I... Fdgar F. and Kmma II. The do- 
mestic circle is a happ\ one and all the lo\e 
and affection the parents po .ire unselfishly 

devoted to the best interests of their offspring. 


It is difficult to bring into the limitation 
a biographical sketch even the outlil 
life so replete with travel, adventure and ardu- 
ous activities as have fallen to the useful and 

fruitful career of the subject of these i 
Born with the best of ancestral blood llowing 
in his veins, with a rich si on- of mental and 
moral qualities for his heritage, he has shown 
himself faithful and worthy of all trusts devolv- 
ing upon him. Scotch and Irish lineage com- 
mingled with Quaker principles have in him 
made a personality that has been an uplift to 
every community in which he has lived. A na- 
tive of Illinois, born in llennepin. I'.ureait 
county, on January 4. iS^S. a son to Miller and 
Xipporah (Thompson) lloldcn of t >hio. and 
being a grandson to Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Miller) Holden, he was on his father's side a 
lineal descendant of old Colonial families of 
Scotch and (Juaker parentage, while on his 
mother's side he inherits that touch of Irish 
pluck and uit which has ever made the Sons of 
Frin aggressive workers and fighters. ( In both 
sides of his pan-ntage ancestors took part in 
the Revolutionary War, and "< irandpa" llolden 
fought in the battle of Trenton. The Judge's 
father was a preacher and farmer. (King at lin- 
age ol si vi at) seven in iSSS and he was buried 
in Indiana, where his mother was also interred. 
I b- might be said to have received "samples" 
of district school instruction, ha\ing attended 
schools in < ihio. Michigan, Indiana and Illinois 
before he was seventeen, when he began lifi 
himself as a farm hand, having a debt of over 
S;o and for his services received bm Si \ per 
month. I -'or a \ear he engaged in blacksmith- 
ing. remo\ ing t o l>ewitt county, 111. .about iS;S. 
during which time hi- commenced the Stud 
law. which he began to practice in Marion be- 
fore moving to Clinton, the connt\ seat, where 
lie remained until June. iSiii. when he enlisted 
in Co. F. Fort\ first Illinois Infantry, and 
Served as .1 gallant snldier "I the I nion army 
of the Civil War until August. 1X04. when he 
\\a- mustered mil at Springfield, being then 
hospital steward of the general hospital. lie 



participated in the bloody engagements of Forts 
Henry and Donelson, Pittsbtirg Landing, Cor- 
inth and at Holly Springs, where he was cap- 
tured by General Van Dorn, but fortunately he 
was paroled at once. Having some knowledge 
of medicine he was made drug clerk in the hos- 
pital, and later promoted to hospital steward. 
At. Fort Donelson he received signal marks of 
service, being- wounded in both legs, but not 
seriously. After the war he resumed his law 
practice at Clinton until 1875, when he drifted 
about for some time through California, Ore- 
gon, Idaho, Utah and Washington, in the last 
named territory being a deputy county auditor 
under Captain Ewart of- Whitman county until 
tlu- fall of 1876, when he came to Green River, 
Wyo., opened a law-office and indulged in some 
literary work, founding the Daily Evening 
Press of that place, which he continued to edit 
until he went to Fontenelle Creek in 1877, an d 
tonk up a homestead and where he now owns 
personally 560 acres, and with the family 5,000 
in the county, supporting on his land 200 
head of cattle and 100 head of Clydesdale 
horses. Through his influence was organized 
the Opal and Big Piney Telephone Co.. < >f 
which he is the president and general manager 
and largest stockholder. A consistent, intelli- 
gent but enthusiastic Republican from the or- 
ganization of the party, he was naturally chosen 
delegate to the constitutional convention of 
Wyoming territory and worked zealously for 
female suffrage, an independent supreme court 
and the irrigation scheme, all of which were in- 
corporated in the constitution. He was after- 
ward made a delegate to several other conven- 
tions and his forceful speeches for female suf- 
frage largely helped to win that cause in 
Wyoming. Notwithstanding his active and in- 
fluential service in the formation and growth of 
his county and state politically, having been a 
member of the first state board of control, assist- 
ing in its organization and in the formation of the 
rules which still govern its action and also 
took a leading part in the formation of the dis- 
tricts for La Barge and Fontenelle and for 
twenty-three years continuously was a member 

of the school board, yet he always refused of- 
fice. Through his influence the mail route for 
that section was established in 1879 ar >d his 
wife was appointed postmistress in 1895. He 
married in Clinton, 111., March 9" 1857, with 
Miss S. J. Lane, a daughter of John and Rebecca 
(Thompson) Lane, the father being a son of 
Tillman and Ritta Boone, a sister of the fa- 
mous pioneer and scout, Daniel Boone, all be- 
ing natives of Kentucky. Mrs. Holden's 
mother was a daughter of Roden and Elizabeth 
Thompson, born in Tennessee and of Colonial 
stock, originating from German and Irish an- 
cestors. Mr. Lane was a strong Abolitionist 
and the family has been noted for its strong 
political work in Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. 
Holden have had ten children, five of whom 
are living. One son, Charles B., was mur- 
dered in 1891 while acting as deputy sheriff, and 
Minnie F. was the first white child born on 
Fontenelle Creek. When the Judge began his 
life at Fontenelle his capital did not exceed 
$500, but a life of prudent foresight, unceasing 
activity and superior judgment in financial mat- 
ters have brought him a large competency, and 
his keen mentality, farseeing wisdom and prac- 
tical attainments have been unselfishly used 
freely for the good of the people of his county 
and state, and have given him a position and an 
influence that can not be measured by dollars 
and cents, but which easily mark him as the 
most popular as well as one of the foremost 
representative men of the state, whom all citi- 
zens of Wyoming, irrespective of party, delight 
to honor. 


This experienced cattleraiser and rancher 
has resided eleven miles east of Fort Laramie 
since 1890 and is about as well and favorably 
known as any cattleman in the country. He 
was born in Washington county, Virginia, on 
January 8, 1860, a son of Hiram and Nancy 
(Gobble) Hudson, whose ancestors located in 
the Old Dominion in Colonial days, the family 
being in each generation very prominent in the 



The father of Emory B. was a teacher, 
which profession he followed until his death 
in [86l, when his remains were interred in 
\\ .i^hington .county, Va., while his widow sur- 
vived him until .May 5. 1902, when <he too 
passed away, her remains being deposited in 
Laramie county, \Yyo.. where she had made her 
IK 'inc with her daughter, Mrs. Knott, lor two 
years prcvi< ins t > her death. Emory B. Hud- in 
lived until eighteen years . ild with his mother 
in Virginia, in the meantime acquiring an edu 
cation. On attaining this age he made a trip 
to Kansas and Nebraska, working in those 
states until the fall of 1879, when he changed 
the field of hi- operations to Colorado, there 
located near Fort Collins and went to work 
for Cross & Harris, dealers in and importer- of 
es. He left this employment in the spring 
of 1X84 and took a position on a ranch near 
Cheyenne, for about eight months, then re- 
turned to Fort Collins, where he remained innil 

larch. 1886, most of the time running a rai I 
In ihe spring of iSS'i Mr. Hudson came to that 
par! of Wyoming where he now resides and 
entered the employ of the Pratt & Ferris Cat- 
tle Co. on one of their ranches until the fall of 
that year, when he was appointed foreman of 
their two randies on llie 1'latte River. :i posi 
tion he held to their great satisfaction until the 
spring of iSi|ii. when he came to his pr. 
ranch, eleven miles east of Fort Laramie, which 
he had taken up in 1890. He has 280 acres of 
land under irrigation, 475 head of cattle, fifty 
head of horses, and ha.- just completed a fine 
cottage and is now \\ell prepared to settle do\\ n 
to the enjoyment of the comforts of life, to 
which his long career of industrx m-tl\ enl 
him. F.niorv I'.. Hudson entered into the b 
of matriinom on FYhrnary 14. 1871). in Wa-h- 
ingtoii county, Va., \viih Mi-- Cynthia K. Car- 
reti. a dan-liter of Samuel and Elizabeth i Pur- 
celli Carrctt, all n.ii of Virginia. This 

happy marriage has resulted in adding to the 
population of Wyoming seven interesting chil- 
dren. F Kay. Clara M., Pearl F., Mabel I... 
Leslie R., Ha/el and Lillian F.. HtieSl chi 

all been uel! educated and reared to be n-e- 

ful members of society ami a credit to the coun- 
try. Mrs. Hudson is a devout and useful mem- 
ber of the Christian Baptist church, being an 
active participant in its good works, and in 
- Mr. Hudson is a staunch worker for 
the Di mocratic party, in which he has implicit 
faith. He is a public-spirited and patriotic citi- 
zen and an intelligent and enterprising ranch- 
man, well deserving the high esteem in which 

lie is ! 


A capital type of the adventurous and pro- 
gressive Englishman, whose operations in all 
parts of the world and in every field of human 
avor has met with conspicuous success and 
ever been for the promotion of civilization, Mr. 
Tom ( tvingdon Jay. is now a representative 
young stockman of Islay, Wyoming. He was 
born on December 26, 1807. in London, Eng- 
a son of Tom S. and Elizabeth (Pawson) 
both descendants of ancient families of 
mil. His father was for many years a 
perous furrier of London, hut he has been 
for several vears retired from active business, 
as a gentleman of leisure passing his life at his 
home in Putney, a suburb of London. Always 
fond of line horses, he is now the owner of a 
ig stable containing some of the finest ani- 
mals in England. He won the Liverpool Cup 
in Kpi, one of the great prizes of the English 
turf, and he has also won many other valuable 
trophies in this "sport of kings." The subject 
of this sketch grew to manhood in his native 
country and received his early education in the 
schools surrounding London, subsequently pur- 

ning a course of stud; al Lausanne, Switzer- 
land. \\licrc be remained for about two 
In 188^ he return, d to London ami -hortlv aft- 
eiward took ship for New Xealand. where he 
intended to learn fanning and st< ickraisiug and 
ultimately enter upon that business in that 
country, which he believes to be one of the ino-t 
attractive in the world. After two years of 
New /calami nded to have a look at 

\nierica. and look ~lnp for San Francisco, Calif., 
arriving there in |SS;. re coming to 


the eitv of Kawlins, Wyo., where lie accepted 
a position mi the horse ranch owned by Messrs. 
('Arlington & l'.rook>, about M'ventv-fivc miles 
from Rawlins, in the year he there remained 
acquiring a practical knowledge of the horse- 
raising business. He then resigned this position 
and took employment on a large cattle ranch, 
situated on the Sweetwater River, where ' he 
rode the range as a cowboy, and in the two 
years he gave to his learning he became 
thoroughly familiar with the details of that busi- 
ness also. He then came to Laramie county, 
Wyo., and rode the range in that vicinity until 
the fall of 1889 when he took ship for London 
to visit his old friends and home. For three years 
he remained in Europe and during a portion of 
that time he was engaged in learning the silk 
business in the south of France. In 1892 he re- 
turned to Wyoming and again secured employ- 
ment on ranches and in the stock business until 
1895, when he purchased a ranch on the head of 
the Main Chug and entered upon the business of 
cattleraising. One year later he disposed of 
his ranch and stock, and for a year was engaged 
with financial success in buying and selling 
cattle and horses. In the fall of 1897 he dis- 
posed of his property in Wyoming and with his 
wife visited his parents in England. They 
passed their time in London and vicinity until 
the spring of 1898 and returned to Wyoming, 
where Mr. Jay again engaged in buying and 
selling horses and cattle until the spring of 1902, 
when he purchased the fine ranch property which 
is now his home, situated about twenty miles 
northwest of Cheyenne. This property, located 
on Pole Creek in Laramie county, is one of the 
best appointed and improved ranches in that sec- 
tion of the state, consisting of about 6,000 acres 
of land, with fine house, barns and buildings, 
having all modern improvements, and is entirely 
devoted to stock-raising. On April 15, 1895, 
Mr. Jay was united in marriage at the city of 
Cheyenne. Wyo.. with Miss Minnie Mathews. 
a native of Wyoming and the daughter of Fran- 
cis and Rachel (Taylor) Mathews, natives of 
Missouri. Her parents removed from their na- 
tive state, Missouri, to the territorv of Wyo- 

ming in 187^, and have since been meeting with 
marked success in ranching and cattleraising, 
and they are now residing in Granite Can\"ii. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jay are members of the 1'ro- 
t ' 'taut Episcopal church and among the most 
respected residents of the community where 
they maintain their residence they are classed, 
while an atmosphere of generous hospitality 
eve>r surrounds their attractive home. 


< )ne of the contributions of the sterling land 
of Denmark to the productive forces of the 
United States and particularly of L T inta county, 
\\yoming. Peter Jensen is here doing most ex- 
cellent service in the grand work of developing 
the industrial resources of the land of his adop- 
tion, and with the assistance of his most capa- 
ble wife, whose intuitive knowledge of the prin- 
ciples underlying correct business transactions 
far exceeds that of many financial operators, he 
is engaged in stockraising, and under the espe- 
cial care of his gifted wife and with her shrewd 
manipulations, is rapidly forging forward to 
a distinctive place anil prosperity. He was born 
in Denmark in June, 1855, the son of Jens and 
Mary A. Jensen. In 1867 the father, whose 
birthplace was Aalborg, Denmark, emigrated 
from his native land, making his destination 
as a faithful Mormon in the fair land of Utah. 
After one year's residence here he went to 
Omaha, Neb., and for fifteen years there con- 
ducted a most prosperous mercantile business, 
amassing wealth and returning to Utah he 
made his home at Pleasant Grove, where at the 
age of seventy-five years he closed his eyes in 
death in 1880. The faithful wife, who was also 
a devoted adherent of the Church of the Latter 
Day Saints, now makes her home at Pleasant 
Grove, surrounded by loving friends and the 
devotion of her children. From his eighteenth 
year Peter Jensen has wrestled for himself with 
the opposing forces of life and has grown 
strong and athletic in the struggle in which he 
has been a winner. He was connected for a 
time with his father in UTtah, and in Omaha he 



was identified with the Republican Office Co. 
for nine years, being active, alert and dis- 
criminate in his methods and winning commen- 
dations for his abilitv. Returning to ['tali he 
engaged in freighting, making 1'leasanl Crovc 
his headquarters, continuing this until he went 
to Fvanston in 1X00 and transferred his ener- 
gies to the field of merchandising, in which he 
is no\v traveling witli his wares on a defined 
circuit and reaping; substantial rewards. fie 
located a homestead claim of ifio acres of fer- 
tile land on Mains Fork, fourteen miles north 
of Kemmerer in iSijS, ami here he and liis esti- 
mable wife are developing rapidly one of the 
commodious and substantial homes of the 
country. It was a fortunate day in Mr. Jen- 
sen's life that marked his marriage with Miss 
Christina (Hairup) 1'eterson, a daughter of 
Christian and Sarah Peterson. Christian Peter- 
son was born in Denmark in 1838, and after 
his death in 1884 his widow came to the United 
States and is now living at the age of sixty- 
live years at Rear Lake. Idaho. -Mrs. Jensen's 
people in Denmark have for many generations 
been representative people, thrifty, honorable 
and industrious members of the community 
and of a deeply religious nature. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jensen have many friend- and their pleasant 
is a center of hi >-pitalitv. 


Holding worthy prestige among the public 
men of \V\oniing, enjoying personal popularity 
locally and maintaining a representative posi- 
tion as a cili/cn. lion. Joseph Itvdale is a 
worthy representative of the younger genera- 
tion, whose talents and energies have SO m.n. 
rially affected the Great \\Vst by directing its 

rial and industrial development. \s an 
able ami discreet legislator his name is asso- 
ciated with mam important measures bearing 
upon the pp. of \Y\oming. and what he 

LCCOmplished is prophetic of a Mill greater 
career as a faiiln'nl public servant. lie is a 
native of Fnglaml. born in Flinnliv. Count) 
Cumberland, in iSoo. where his parent-, lohn 

and Matilda (Cooperl Iredale. were al-o born 
and reared. They are noticed at length on other 
pages of this volume. \\'hen quite young their 
son Joseph was brought to the L'nited Stati 
much of his early life was passed in Stark 
count v, i >hin. \fter receiving a good literary 
education he studied engineering, becoming 
proficient therein, and turned his know led" 
practical account, prosecuting his labor- as an 
engineer in various capacities fur several 
in Stark county, then coming to \Y\oniing and 
li eating at Carbon. For two years he sen < 
engineer for various parties at Carbon, then 
secured a position with the engineering depart- 
ment of the Union Pacific Railroad, with head- 
quarter at Rawlins. After one year with the 
road Mr. Iredaie resigned his place and located 
al Kock Springs, where he has since been ac- 
tively engaged in his profession when not at- 
tending to his official duties as a member of the 
state legislature, lie is a master of his calling 
and easily tlu- peer of the most skillful men of 
his profession in the West, lie has done much 
line technical work in railroading, mining and 
Other industries requiring very great proficiency 
and skill and his labors have ever been satisfac- 
tory, lie possesses rare mathematical ability 
and has never been a mtcnted ti < CCU] 
mid place where profound knowledge- and profes- 
sional efficiency are involved. Mr. Iredale early 
became interested in politics and shortly after 
locating at Rock Spring-- was recognized as a 
in factor iii local and stale affair-. An un- 
compromising Republican, he soon became a 
leader of his | part v and had much to do in shap- 
ing its local course. In iSuj he was elected to 

represent Sweet water comity in the lower house 
of the ( Icncral Vssembly, serving two terms 
as a member of that body, taking active 
in it- deliberations and holding leading posi 
lions on the most important commit!- 
course a- a legislator proving satisfactorv to his 
con-iitueiits. he w.-i- subsequent!} ' ed b) 

te, in 

which he served during its tilth and sixth 
. acquiring an added reputation the' 
an able and 'ig lawmaker I te.-ph in- 



terested in good government, he patriotically 
sought the enactment of laws most conducive 
to the general welfare, and his name is insep- 
arably connected with legislation for the great 
good of the state. In both branches of the as- 
sembly he was one of the Republican leaders, 
and his career there is an open book, in which 
the people find little to criticise and much to 
commend. He always subserved private inter- 
ests to the public good, was untiring in behalf 
of the people of his own section and ever mind- 
ful of the interests of the state. During its 
last session he was vice-president of the senate, 
in that capacity being frequently called upon to 
preside over the deliberations, in which duty 
he demonstrated an ability and dignity bespeak- 
ing a natural leadership of men. He is now 
a member of the Republican State Central Com- 
mittee, where his wise counsel and businesslike 
methods have been productive of successful re- 
sults in more than one hotly contested cam- 
paign. In local affairs he has long been a force- 
ful factor, ever lending his influence to what- 
ever is calculated to advance the intellectual 
.and moral interests of the community. For 
eight years he was the efficient chief of the Rock 
Springs' Fire Department, doing much to 
build up the department and enhance its ca- 
pability. Mr. Iredale has been twice married, 
first in 1881 with Miss Annie Ball of Ohio, who 
died in 1883 at the age of twenty-three years, 
leaving one child, Joseph C. Iredale. She was 
a daughter of Isaac and Kate (Cliff) Ball, na- 
tives of England, but for a number of years 
residents of Stark county, Ohio. In 1887 Mr. 
Iredale married his present wife, Agnes Patter- 
son, daughter of John- L. and Ellen (Willey) 
Patterson, the father being a native of Scot- 
land and the mother of England. John L. Pat- 
terson came to America about 1866 and is now 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Boone 
county, Iowa. The children of Mr. Iredale's sec- 
ond marriage union are Fulton C., Hazel A. and 
Lucille P. Iredale. Leading an active, indus- 
trious life from his youth nearly every hour at 
Mr. Iredale's disposal has been diligently em- 
ployed. He early laid broad ana deep a foun- 

dation of usefulness and his fidelity to every 
trust (and of trusts there have been many) 
brought its certain and substantial reward in 
friends, remunerative employment, responsible 
official station, material wealth and success. 
He is easily the peer of any of his fellows in 
all that constitutes true and virile manhood, 
and during his residence in Sweetwater county 
his name has been synonymous with every- 
thing honorable and upright in citizenship. 
He is truly a self-made man in the best sense 
of the term and too much credit can not be 
awarded him for the indomitable courage and 
unflagging perseverance with which he has won 
a conspicuous place among the leading men of 
his county and state. 


Prominent in business, political and social 
circles, and generally recognized as one of. the 
leading citizens of the community, William G. 
Johnson of Lander, Fremont county, was born 
in Connecticut on October 4, 1861, the son of 
M. W. and Ellen (Raymond) Johnson, both 
descended from Colonial families prominent 
and influential in their section and both con- 
spicuous in the Revolution. The father's an- 
cestry belonged to the Rhode Island colony and 
the mother was of Huguenot origin. Her 
parents were Milford and Abigail C. (Tracy) 
Raymond. From very early childhood William 
Tohnson was left almost wholly to the care of 
strangers, for his mother died when he was less 
than two months old, and his father was a sea- 
captain engaged in the African trade. Soon 
after the birth of his son he lost his vessel by 
reason of the Civil War, and then gave up the 
sea and moved to Iowa, where he died in Jan- 
uary, 1890, leaving a widow and seven children 
of his second marriage. William Johnson was 
educated in the public schools of Connecticut 
and when he was sixteen years old began life 
for himself as a range rider in Colorado, for 
five years following this life of varying 
monotony and excitement in the Centennial 
State, in 1882 removing to Wyoming, >and from 


that time until 1891 he was a range rider in 
tliis state, sometimes herding his own and some- 
times other people's cattle. In 1891 he sold his 
interests and passed a few years in travel, then 
for five years managed his father's farm in 
Iowa, in 1899 returning to Wyoming and open- 
ing a meat business at Lander in partnership 
\-\\\\ Peter P. Dickinson, and he has in addition 
to this an interest in cattle in the county. Theirs 
is the only mercantile enterprise of the kind in 
the town and it has a large and appreciative 
trade. T'.ut because there is no competition its 
proprietors do not assume the right to draw 
on the indulgence of their customers. They are 
as conscientious and attentive in their business 
as if they had several rivals, being firmly con- 
vinced that this is not only their best policy but 
their duty towards those whom they serve. It 
is the probity of his character, as well as his pub- 

liril and progress-, i n< --, that has secured 
for Mr. Johnson a high place in the regards <>i 
his people and induced them to seek his services 
ii. their behalf both as mayor of the city and 
county commissioner, places which he has filled 
with credit to himself and advantage to < 
interest in the community. Fraternally he is con- 
d with the Masonic order, holding member- 
ship in Wyoming Lodge, Xo. 2, at Lander and 
in Garfield Chapter, No. 3. and Tvanlioe i >m 

I. TV, No. .(. at Rawlins. In 1892, on Octo- 

IM r .). lie married with Miss Emma M. Dickinson 

r, a daughter of his partner in business, 

- P. Dickinson, and his wife Mar] 

(Heenan) il'.urkci Dickinson. l-'ivc children 

have hlcs-rd their union, all of whom are living, 

V. Nicholas W.. Murke, Raymond and 

Emma. Their pleasant home at Third and 

Canyon streets is one of the ornaments of the 

and ' me ' >f it- o i' o 'rd'-d and re- 

1 hospitality. 


One of the foremost citixetis of Lander, 
whose beautiful n-sidence at the corner of 
Main and Second street- i- one of the archi- 
tectural triumphs of the town and a - 

refined and gracious ho-pitality. is David J. 
Jones, a m<>-t successful cattleman, farmer and 
capitalist, whose business acumen, breadth of 
view and force of character have done much to 
develop the resources and promote the welfare 
of Wyoming. He is a native of \Vales, born 
on February i.v iS_)o, the son of John and 
Elizabeth (Williams) Jones, also born and 
reared in Wales, where the father was a pros- 
perous farmer and where the mother died when 
she \\as about forty years of age. In 1853 the 
father emigrated with his family to the United 
States and settling in Ohio, there continued in 
in the vocation of the old patriarchs until his 
death in 1X70 at the age of seventy-six. There 
were eight children in the family, all of whom 
are still living ' 'avid I., the third in the order 
of birth, received a primary education in the 
schools of Wales and when he came to America 
he began working for wages in Dayton, Ohio, 
for John \\ . I I arris of that city, in 1861 coming 
west to Colorado, havirg lo-t his earning- in 
disastrous mining ventures in iSt.u he ren 
to Montana and began new mining operations 
on Grasshopper Creek, where Bannock now 
stands. Here he was successful and continued 
to work for four year- then gave his attention 
for four more to the cattle business, when he 
went to the Black Mill- and mined with sii' 
for a year, in the meantii: hi- cattle 

in Montana. In 187') he passed four month- in 
San Francisco, then returned to Montana 
transferred his cattle to Wyoming, where he 
ha ri mar.ied and prospered ever since. He 
now owns aboul 600 acres of land, all meadow, 

to the i 

lion nits. < >n hi- 

ranch the staples are cattle and h 
Durhams being hi- favorite in cattle. In mnt- 
eting tin advancemenl and imp- 

MH in of the < immitv he i- deeply intci 

and applies to their proper management his 
foresight and enlerpri-e. omitting >rt on 

hi- pi HFC the be-t result- in 

ever] way. He i- a -toekholder and ili 1 
in the 1 mal I 'auk of Lander and ha- 

i me of the mi '-I i' n -ne:u- in en- 



larging its usefulness and multiplying its re- 
sources. On October 15, 1884, IK- was united 
in marriage with Miss Martha M. Boyd, a 
daughter df Thomas and Mary I'.oyd, natives 
of Missouri. They have had three children, D. 
Eugene and Fannie M.. twins (the latter of 
whom died at the age of seven), and Anna D. 
In his early days in the far West Mr. Jones 
had many thrilling adventures, encountering 
both savage Indians and unscrupulous road 
agents, and giving contenance and support to 
the movements of the Vigilantes in their efforts 
to subdue and punish the lawless. At times 
he lost heavily in cattle from thefts by Indians, 
one year losing fully $7,000, but in every dan- 
ger and mishap he preserved a brave and cheer- 
ful spirit, and triumphed finally over every dis- 


< )ne of the prominent citizens and progres- 
sive, enterprising stockmen of Uinta county, in 
the Bigpiney section, Amos W. Smith beholds 
the products of his intelligence and public spirit 
blooming and growing fruitful around him in 
the excellence of the industrial, educational and 
civic forces he has helped to put in motion, and 
the elevated tone of the social life he has aided 
in quickening into health}- and vigorous activity. 
Missouri is his native state, where his life be- 
gan on October 7, 1846. His parents, Samuel 
and Sarah (Groom) Smith, were natives of Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky respectively, but both de- 
scended from old Kentucky families who were 
among the first settlers in that state. They set- 
tled in Missouri soon after their marriage, there 
engaged in farming and reared their family of 
five children, three of whom are yet living. 
Amos W. Smith received a common-school edu- 
cation in his native county, and when he was 
eighteen years old he left the paternal fireside 
and, journeying westward, found promising em- 
ployment in the and mining districts of 
Idaho and Nevada for eight years. At the end 
of that time he gave up mining and turned his 
attention to stockgrowing, in 1879 coming to 

1'iigpinev as one of the first settlers in this now 
favored region, where he homesteaded the nucleus 
of his present ranch of 640 acres and at once be- 
gan to give it the appearance and accommoda- 
tions of a home for civilized man and he has 
stradilv continued to improve it and add to its 
acreage since. He now owns in all about 2,800 
acres of good hay and pasture land, and has made 
it. by judicious improvement and cultivation one 
of fhe finest ranches in this part of the state. He 
is extensively engaged in raising graded Here- 
ford cattle and superior breeds of horses, keeping 
his standard .up to the requirements of an ex- 
panding market, which he has helped to create 
and make exacting. He is a gentleman of fine 
public spirit, seeing in the advance of the com- 
munity in which he lives one of the best contri- 
butions to the general weal, withholding from 
the service of his people no aid he can give in 
counsel or in active effort toward its progress. 
For five years after his arrival he served as post- 
master for the convenience of the people and has 
ever been at their command for any good he can 
do them. He was married in this county on 
September 15, 1885, to Miss Frances Griggs, a 
native of Xew York and daughter of Reuben 
and Asenath (Aikens) Griggs of that state, 
where the mother is still living, the father having 
died in 1892. 


The exigencies and the opportunities of life 
iii the great Northwest of the United States be- 
get a great variety of activities, many of them 
frequently combined in the same person. In 
the case of Stephen A. D. Keister of Lander is 
found an apt illustration, he being prominent in 
the drug business, in insurance, in mining, in 
real-estate and in politics. He is a native of 
\\ cM Virginia, born at Huntington on March 28, 
1865. a son of William J. and Lavina (Cobb) 
Keister. also natives of that now rich and grow- 
ing commonwealth, where both are still living 
and where the father is a prosperous farmer, 
merchant and stockman. He is a descendant of 
Dutch ancestors and the mother comes from old 

a v 



Colonial families of Virginia and North < 
lina. Of their ten children nine are living. "I 
\vhmii Stephen received a common school edu- 
cation in his native state and then attended an 
excellent academy at Point Pleasant. After 
leaving school he taught for two years while 
taking a special course of instruction at the 
completion of which he removed to Missouri 
and again engaged in teaching and in clerking 
in a drugstore, remaining there learning the 
drug business until 180,0. After passing some 
time in business for himself, he sold out and 
came to \Vyoming. locating at Lander, where 
he was employed as a clerk in the drugstore of 
James I. Patten until 1893. Tn that year he was 
appointed postmaster and held the position un- 
til 1897. At the conclusion of his term he 
lionglit one-half interest in the pharmacy of 
Harry P. 1', rower whom he soon after bought 
out. since when he has conducted the business 
alone, carrying a large and complete stock of 
superior drugs and a full line of attractive 
toili t articles, pure liquors and the wares us- 
ually found in a first-class drugstore. Mr. 
k.Mer is also diligently engaged in the life and 
tire insurance business and does considerable 
work in both branches, representing a number 
of the best companies. In addition to these ex- 
acting occupations he is the president of the 
Sweet water Placer Mining Co., which controls 
seven miles of the Sweetwater River through 
the mining district. Moreover, he has some 
cattle and considerable country and city prop- 
erty to which he gives a personal attention. All 
matters of public interest engage his earnest :ni'l 
fruitful efforts, no man being more zealous in 
behalf of tlii- advancement of his section of the 
State, In politics he is an ardent iJcmocrat, 
and has rendered his party good service as a 
member of the county and state central commit- 
tees. In |()<>() lie was one of its nominees f, ir 
the state legislature, and, although there was 
an adverse majority of 37; against his party, he 
was defeated by only twenty -eight votes. Tn 
n it< rnal relations he is an enthusiastic Prer- 
mason, holding membership in ihe lodge, the 
chapter, the einninanderx and in ihat Masonic 

club the Mystic Shrine. He is also a Knight 
of Pythias, belonging to both the lodge and the 
Uniform Rank. In this order he i- the grand 
chancellor of the state, lie is also a valued and 
very Useful member of Rock Springs Lodge of 
Elks. ( >n July 12. [893. he was married at Lan- 
der with Miss Pearl Simpson, a daughter of John 
P. and Maggie (Sullivan) Simpson, now resi- 
dents of Jackson, I'inta county, and both stand 
high in the leading social circles. 


Among the essentially self-made men of 
Laramie county who have distinguished them- 
selves for their ability to master opposing con- 
ditions and wrest from fortune a creditable 
measure of success and an honorable name, is 
\Yilliam T. Kelly, who as a soldier and a civil- 
ian has made records of which any man might 
well feel proud. He was born in the cit\ of 
Baltimore, Maryland, on March IM. 1857, the 
son of Hugh and Susannah (Parson) Kelly, the 
lather a native of Ireland and the mother of 
the United States. P.y occupation TTngh Kelly 
was a bookmaker, who worked at his trade Eor 
many years in Baltimore and there died on 
May 20, 1873. Mrs. Kelly still lives in Balti- 
more, dividing her time among her several chil- 
dren. The childhood and youthful years of 
William T. Kelly were passed in his native city 
and when quite voting he began earning money 
a' various kinds of labor, in the meantime at- 
tending seh. ml and acquiring a fair knowledge 
of the branches taught, but at the age of nine- 
teen left the home fireside in quest of his own 
fortune, and on January 17, 1877 he enlisted 
in Co. I ), Seventh U. S. Infantry, and shortly 
thereafter accompanied his command to ('amp 
Maker, Mont., lalir kno\\n as K, ,n Logan. In 
l87cS the regiment was transferred to port Snel- 
ling, Minn., and from there in 187.1 to the upper 
Missouri, thence in the fall of 1871) returned to 
Port Snelling. where it remained until iSSo. and 
then was senl to I he Bad Lands t '. the 

railroad during the trouble with the Sioux In- 
dians and it remained there until the tall of 



1881. when it marched to Fort Laramie, Wyo., 
where Mr. Kelly remained until the- expiration 
of his period of enlistment, when he received his 
discharge on February 16, 1887. He saw much 
active service in the course of his military ex- 
perience, discharged his duties as became a 
brave and faithful soldier and left the army with 
the rank of sergeant. After receiving his dis- 
charge Mr. Kelly opened a general store at 
Fairbank, Wyo., was made postmaster at that 
place and he carried on business for about ten 
years with encouraging success, at the end of 
that time selling an interest to another party 
and retiring from active participation in the 
business. He was united in marriage with Miss 
Kate Tomaichel on May 17, 1886, the ceremony 
taking place at Fort Laramie. Mrs. Kelly was 
born in Illinois, the daughter of John A. To- 
maichel, who for eighteen years was hospital 
steward at Fort Laramie, himself and his fam- 
ily still living at that place. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kelly have a pleasant and attractive home in 
Fairbank, its brightness being heightened by 
five children, whose names are Corelia E., 
William T., John A., Lundia and Fred. No 
man stands today among his fellow citizens 
with a wider circle of warm and true friends 
than does Wililam T. Kelly, for he is favorably 
known throughout this region as a gentleman 
of unimpeachable integrity and a high sense of 
honor, while his career in the service of his 
country is without a stain and nothing savoring 
in the slightest degree of disrepute has ever 
attached to his name as a civilian. He is de- 
cidedly a man of the people, having their in- 
terests at heart and hesitating at no reasonable 
sacrifice to promote the material and moral 
welfare of the community in which he lives. 
Popular with all classes and enjoying the un- 
bounded confidence of those who know him 
best, it is proper to speak of Mr. Kelly as a 
fine example of the intelligent and progressive 
class of typical Americans, whose remarkable 
enterprise has done so much to transform the 
Great West and to develop its wonderful re- 


One of the very earliest of the pioneers of 
the section of the country where he maintains 
his home, having settled there in 1878 and hav- 
ing been a resident of Wyoming for more than 
twenty-eight years, John A. Kessler, of Meri- 
den, Wyoming, was a pioneer of pioneers, for 
at the time he first came to the territory of 
Wyoming there were very few white settlers 
north of Cheyenne. The most of the country 
now occupied as a range for cattle, and now 
dotted here and there with the homes of pros- 
perous ranch and stockmen, was then a barren 
waste, over which the buffalo roamed at will 
in great herds of many thousands and the Indian 
pursued his wild vocation of the chase. He has 
had many thrilling experiences on the frontier, 
and it is interesting to hear him relate the his- 
tory of the days during which he has been an 
eyewitness of several of the most remarkable 
changes that have marked the development of 
the West. He has been an important factor in 
the bringing about of these changed conditions 
and contributed his full share in the great evolu- 
tion of his section from savagery and outlawry 
to its present advanced stage of civilization. Mr. 
. Kr-sler is a native of Hawkins county, Ohio, 
born on January 9. 1846, the son of Felix and 
Christina Kessler, both natives of Germany, who 
upon coming to America, first settled in Ohio, 
where they followed the occupation of farming, 
subsequently they removed their residence to 
Johnson county, Iowa, where they were among 
the earliest pioneers of that section of the state 
and developing a fine farm where the mother died 
in 1876, and the father lived until 1898, when he 
too passed away at the age of Seventy-seven 
years, both being buried in Johnson county, 
Iowa. John A. Kessler received his early 
academic training in the schools of Johnson 
county and remained with his parents until he 
had attained the age of twenty-one years, then 
began life for himself and in 1867 he worked 
for wages as a farmhand, but in 1868, taking his 
small savings, he came to Cheyenne. Wyomnig, 



then on the extreme frontier and not finding 
anything satisfactory in employment he pushed 
on south and eventually reached the town of 
Big Thompson in the territory of Colorado, 
\vhere he engaged in ranching for five years 
with varying success. In the spring of 1874, he- 
concluded to return to Wyoming , and ^oon 
found himself in the vicinity of Horse Creek, 
Wyo., where he secured employment and win- 
tered with Mr. Frank Preguer, in the spring 
he worked on the cattle round-up between Horse 
Creek and Fort Robinson and for three years 
following he rode the range with various out- 
fits, thus acquiring a thorough and practical 
knowledge of the business in which he after- 
wards became interested. These were the ideal 
days of the cowboy in Wyoming, for great 
herds roamed at will over the ranges and no 
fence obstructed the movements of stockmen. 
Since then conditions have changed materially 
in the stock business in this section of the 
country, for large areas of land are now owned 
under patent from the United States and are 
en re fully fenced to prevent intrusion from tres- 

ers. In the spring of 1878 Mr. Kessler took 
up his present ranch property on Bear Creek, 
about thirty-one miles east of Chugwater, and 
has since resided there, engaged in the cattle 
business. He has endured the hardships and 
shared in the good times incident to life on the 
extreme frontier and now has a fine ranch of 
480 acres, with a fine adjacent range. Part of 
his land is under irrigation, and it makes an 
cellent hay and stock farm. On November 7, 
iSSS. Mr. I\essler was married at Fort Laramie, 
Wyo.. to Miss Catherine Yoder, a native of 
ii. :i daughter of Samuel and Barbara 
Voder, both native* of that state. The parents 
of Mrs. Kessler, upon leaving Indiana, lived for 
somi years in Iowa, in 7884 removing to V 
ming, where they settled at Goshen Hole and 
engaged in the cattle business, in which they 
continued until tin- father's death in September 
1900. Since that time the mother has made her 
residence 'with Mr. and Mr-. Kessler. To this 
worthy pair two children ha\e been burn. A. 

nond, ai^e'l fifteen years, and ( 'liarles |;.. 

aged thirteen years. Mr. Kessler is counted 
one of the prosperous and successful stockmen 
of his section of the state. He is thoroughly 
posted on frontier life of the country where he 
resides and is one of the best informed men of 
the state on all matters connected with its early 
history. Xo one in the community is more 
highly esteemed and respected than Mr. and 
Mrs. Kessler. 


One of the most interesting and picturesque 
regions in northern Wyoming is that through 
which runs Prairie Dog Creek, formerly called 
Peno Creek by hunters and trappers. Nature 
has done much for it in wild and varied beaut}-, 
and this fact alone would make it interesting to 
the tourist, but man has. also placed his stamp 
upon it and made it many times more interesting. 
History has wandered down the vale and tinged 
the water with human blood, for along its banks 
one tragic day ninety-six brave men under the 
gallant Fctterman fell fighting to redeem 
Wyoming from savage dominion, and though 
the battle and massacre marked somewhat the 
sunset of a dying race, the fate of those who 
perished in the awful tragedy was none the 
less sad and deplorable. Money has been ap- 
propriated by the government to mark the 
spot and commemorate their memory, ami it 
\\ill lie a tribute also to their bravery, for more 
than 300 of their barbarous assailants under 
the renowned Sitting Hull fell in the engage- 
ment. Since then the hand of the husbandman 
has moulded the valley into prolific and syste- 
matic productiveness and it now blooms and 
' n - -A itli the broad har< d in- 

diistrv. In this fertile and highly favor. 

lames \\~. Kirkpatrick on a ranch which he 
has redei med from the wilderness and brought 
into si rvice for man, strewing his pathway with 
its flo >d filling his table with it- plenty. 

Mr. Kirkpatrick 's a native of ClaMor. \datm 
county, 111., where lie wa< born 
.3. 1*57. There his . i nd F.liza- 

l i Ii (Housl ins) Kirkpatrick, 



early fifties, haxing left their native Ohio i'< <r 
the Frontier. Ami there they remained engaged 
ill mercantile business until iSSj, when they 
joined their son mi a new frontier in what is 
m>\\ Sheridan county, Wyo., and took up a 
bod\ of land on 1'rairir Dog Creek, sixteen 
miles southeast of the toun of Sheridan, and 
lived together mi it until [901, \\ hen the mother 
pa^cd away, her remains being interred at her 
old Illinois home, which the surviving husband 
visits every winter. lie is still living on the 
ranch and is actively engaged in raising cattle. 
James W. Kirkpatrick was educated at Clay- 
ton, 111., and when he was seventeen years old 
he went to Kansas and lived one year with an 
uncle, then went into Texas and the Indian 
Territory and became interested in the stock 
business. In 1880 he came to Wyoming and 
settled on the ranch he now owns and which 
has been his home since that time. The coun- 
try was sparsely settled and his land was unsur- 
veyed, but the next year the government sur- 
vey was completed and he homesteaded a part 
of his present estate. His property lies eigh- 
teen miles southeast of Sheridan and is lo- 
cated along the historic stream already men- 
tioned. He was the fourth man to here locate 
and is now the oldest settler on the Prairie 
Dog, and the little log cabin which he built 
when he first came still occupies a prominent 
place on his ranch, although as a residence it 
has given way to a much more pretentious 
structure. Fort McKinley then furnished a 
ready market for all sorts of farm products and 
Mr. Kirkpatrick busied himself to secure va- 
riety as well as abundance in his crops. He- 
sowed grain, paying seven cents a pound for 
the seed. His enterprise was rewarded with a 
yield which kept annually increasing in volume 
and rising in quality and his example was fol- 
lowed by others. He has since the early days, 
however, given his attention mainly to raising 
cattle, increasing his holdings of land to i ,400 
acres, which he has under deed, having in ad- 
dition a large body under lease. Nearly all 
of his own land is well irrigated and yields ex- 
tensive crops of hay and as much grain as he 

cares to SOW. The range is wide and the loca- 
tion favorable to the stock industry, supporting 
now under cultivation with generous supplie-, 
many more cattle than the number of wild ani- 
mals that once wan