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Full text of "The progress of the French in their views of universal monarchy"

i.uhj.iu xuox JAN 1 19ZZ 



I 

THE 

PROGRESS 

OF THE 

F R E N C H y 

In their VIEWS of 

Univerfal Monarchy. 



Raptores Orbis ; auferre trucidare rapere y foljis ns* 
minibus imperium & pacem appellant, Tacitus. 




LONDON: 

Printed for W. Owe n, at Homer* s-Head, near 
Temple-Bar, 



M.D.CC.LVI. 



( iii ) 

T O 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS 

The DUKE of Cumberland \ 

A N D T O 
The Right Honourable 

The Lord ANSON. 

THE following Sheets, writ by a 
Country-Gentleman, and pub- 
lifhed at his Defire ; which, it is hum- 
bly apprehended, fully lay open the 
ambitious Views of France^ and de- 
monftrate, that nothing, but a War 
vigoroufly carried on againft her, in 
whatever Manner the Legislature of 
this Kingdom mail judge meet ; and 
continued to a proper Reduction of 
her exorbitant Power, and the utter 
Incapacity of putting her incroaching 
Schemes in Execution ; can fave the 
Commerce, the Colonies, the Religion ; 

A 2 in 



( % ) 

in fhort, the whole Dominions of Bri- 
tain (not to mention thofe of the other 
States of Europe) from becoming the 
Prey of that turbulent, afpiring, per- 
fidious Nation ; are, with the greateft 
Deference, and the profoundeft Sub- 
million, infcribed by 

His Royal Highness'/, 
a?id his Lordship'/, 
mojl dutiful 
and mojl faithfully devoted 
Unknown humble Servant. 



THE 



( v) 



7b the AUTHOR. 



SIR, 

/have, to the beft of my Abilities, executed 
the *Truft reposd in me of publiflring your 
Pamphlet, and taken a Liberty which, thd 
without your Knowledge, will, I am perfuaded, 
be far from your Difapprobation. 'Tis the 
laying it at the Feet of the two very great Per- 
fonages, who are by their Prince defervedly fet , 
the one at the Head of our Army, and the other, 
in the chief DirecJion of our Navy, and who 
from their Situation, have a Kind of Claim to 
the Patronage of the following Papers, which, 
I think, cant fail of doing the Good they were 
intended for , and are juflly calculated to pro- 
mote. 'To make their Influence the more univer- 
fal, Ifmcerely wijh they were asfafl aspofjible 
tranflated into every Language, and difperfed 
in every Court of Europe. I have ve?iturd 
to infert two or three Pajfages, which I fatter 
myfelfyou will not judge improper, as they fall 

very 



( vi) 

very naturally into the Places they Jill. I hope 
lam not altogether f anguine in expelling the 
Piece, tho' f mall, will be no unacceptable Pre- 
Jent to your Country, but rather fiimulate it's 
Defire after more Productions from the fame 
Hand, and the fpeedy Publication of one you 
have by you almofl finijhed, on Commerce, 
and other important SubjeBs, would be of the 
highefi public Utility, in the Opinion of, " 



S I R, 

Your Sincere Friend, and 
Nov. 25, 1755. 

Moll: Obedient Servant. 



E R RATA. 
Page 4. 1. 4. for Danes read Danaos ; p. 14. 1. 4. dele the 
Comma ; p. 17. 1. 1 1. read Pr>'e>ineej, p. 24. 1. 19 and 23. dele 
the firft and lad b and in Augbsbourgh ; p. 3 5 . read Luiluque ; 
put a full Stop after Virginia in p. 5 5 ; and a Comma inftead 
of a full Stop after us in the next Line; p. 55. 1. 15. and 
p. 56. 1. z. read Louifiana. 



( * ) 



THE 

PROGRESS 

OF THE 

FRENCH, &c. 



TO juftify the Conduct of our Mi- 
ll iftry in their preient Hoflilities 
againft France, to raife the Refent- 
ment of all true Britons, all Lovers of their 
Country, its Religion, Liberties, and Laws j 
to excite the x\nimolity of all the Patrons of 
our Trade and Commerce 5 and to fet be- 
fore the Eyes of all Europe, what they 
have to expect from that infolent Power 
France, if it be fuffered to run its Career of 
Violence and Robbery, without Check or 
Controul : It feems not amifs to look back 
on the Policy and Practice of this perfidious 
B Court 



( 2 ) 

Court for above ioo Years pad. From 
hence Britain may know what (he has to 
dread, Europe to expect, and both to guard 
againft. At this Juncture to alarm all our 
Neighbours againft the Defigns and ambiti- 
ous Views of France, and revive in the 
Minds of every Prince and State, her Plots 
Plans, and Confpiracies in Times paft, may 
tend to difconcert her Meafures, render 
her Views abortive, and fruftrate all her 
Intentions. 

To be thoroughly apprized of the Deiigr.s 
of France, muft tend to roufe the Indigna- 
tion of every Lover of Peace, Juftice, his 
Country, and its Rights and Privileges ; 
and induce every Prince to unite for cru fil- 
ing this ambkious, perfidious, refllefs, bigot- 
ed, perfecuting, plundering Power, which 
has long been the common Difturber of the 
weflern World, and as long ftruggled for 
Univerfal Monarchy. The French aliert 
the Right of their Kings to the Carlovin- 
g/'an Dominions, and have long meditated 
the Recovery of that Empire by Conqueft. 
For this End their Politicians have laid 
Schemes, their Miniftry adopted them, their 
Princes practifed them, and their People 

avowed 



( 3 ) 

avowed the Hopes and Expectations of 
their Execution. It is greatly to be lament- 
ed , that through the Treachery and Folly 
of Britain, they have but too well fuc- 
ceeded in their Attempts, as their great Ac- 
quifitions evince, their Schemes and gra- 
dual Approaches to attain which, I am go- 
ing tofet forth for the Advantage andUfe of 
my Countrymen, in particular. 

Cardinal Richelieu feems to have been the 
firft, who projected the railing a naval 
Power in France, and the Extenfion of its 
Dominions. For this End, Colonies were 
to be planted, Fifheries to be encou- 
raged, and Commerce to be promoted *, 
But in the mean Time, 'twas neceffary to 
give England a Soporific, — to lull her to 
Reft j in Confequence of which, a Dalli- 
lah was fent over to bind Sampfon and (hear 
his Locks. A Daughter of France was 
married to Charles I. of England j and at 
this Marriage, feveral Stipulations were a- 
greed on, in Favour of the Commerce of 



* Voyez Dicl. de Commerce par Mr. Sovary, Pa- 
ris Edit. 1748. Vol. II. Pag. 4^8. & Teitament poli- 
que de Card. Ricklier, Vol. I. Pag. 67. Le Recueil 
par Crutm ail, a Amjltrdam. 



( 4 ) 
France, by which the Trade, Strength,. 
and Riches of this Nation were to be fap'd. 
Every true Britain faw it, and whifper'd to 
himfelf, Titnco Danes & dona f (rentes. 

By this unnatural Conjunction, PapiJIs. 
were to be favoured, Puritans to be perfe- 
cted, and the Proteftants of France to be 
betray'd, and both good Faith and found 
Policy to be facrificed. This monftrous 
•Coalition, and thefe impolitic Steps, fet the 
Nation in a Flame, and kindled up a Civil 
War j which was underhand blown up 
and fomented by the Artifices and Emif- 
faries of France ||. Thus whilft England 
was intent upon the Prefervation of its Re- 
ligion and Liberties, France was engaged 
in raifing a Marine to extend its Empire, by 
promoting its Manufactures, increafing its 
Trade, eftablifhing its Colonies, favouring 
its Fifheries, and in a Word, by extending 
its Commerce; and having enllaved her 
own Subjects, me attempted to make 
Slaves of the reft of Europe. 

The Ufurper, to fecure his ill-gotten 
Power, ftrikes up an Alliance with France^ 
to revenge iiimfelf on the Dutch. France 

\ See the Memoirs of Cardinal Retz. 

ftands 



( 5 ) 

ftands by and laughs in her Sleeve to fee 
the two Proteftant Maritime Powers destroy- 
ing each other ; and underhand on each 
Side foments the Difcord, which renders 
her Marine relatively ftronger ; and at the 
fame Time, either adds fomething on each 
Side to her Territories, or conduces Things 
to her Wifhes at Home, by enflaving her 
own People to be at Liberty to enllave the 
reft of Europe ; which Proceedings of Crom- 
well were directly oppolite to the Good of 
this Kingdom, as well as contrary to found 
Policy. Thus Things went fwimingly on 
'till the Peace of the Pyrennes. 

The Throne of Spain, the Trade of that 
Kingdom, and the Treaiufes of the Wejl- 
Indies were what the French cafl a wiihful 
Eye on j and with a View of obtaining thefe 
one Day or other, a Match was (truck up 
with the Infanta of Spain. Here was a 
Foundation laid for Univerfal Monarchy. 
This Match was projected with a View to 
carry on the grand Deiign of extending the 
Dominions of France, and recovering the 
Carlovingian Empire. 'Tis true, a formal 
and folemn Renunciation of the Crown of 
Spain, and all the Territories thereto be- 



( 6 ) 
longing, were made by the young King and 
Queen, for themfelves and their Pofterity, 
in Favour of the Emperor and his SuccerTors, 
But this was a folemn Farce, a mere Im- 
pofition contrived to blind the World, and 
conceal their Views, as appear'd foon after 
upon the Death of the Prince of Spain, in 
1661 §. 

Thus I have conducted my Reader to the 
Eve and Opening of as great a Scene of 
Action, as has ever appear'd in modern 
Hiftcry. 

Soon after this, the King took the Reins 
of Government into his own Hands, re- 
form'd his Finances, put them and his 
Houmold into good Order; and then fet out 
in his Career of political Intrigue and Con- 
quer!;. This young King by his Flatterers 
was made to believe, that he was a Hero, 
another Alexander, that Vittory would at- 
tend him with her Laurels wherever he 
advanced with his Troops j that his Arms 
were invincible ; that every one would fqb- 
mit to his Nod ; and that now was the 
Time to recover the Carlovingian Empire, 
and to lay the Foundations for fubduing the 

§ Voyez Les Negotiations de Jean dc Wit, & c - 

World, 



i7 ) 
World, and for erecting one of the greatest 
Monarchies, that ever was feen in it. 

In Confequence of thefe Flatteries, the 
following Scheme was prefented to him, 
and received with Approbation, being cal- 
culated to tickle his Vanity, and feed his 
unbounded Ambition, 

<c The Schematic fays, that though 
* c France be a powerful Nation, yet it was 
" to be wiflied, that the King did add to 
" his Kingdom, firft of all the Low-Coun- 
" tries to the Rhine. This Conqueft would 
" refettle him in Part of the antient Do- 
" main of his PredecefTors, make him 
" Matter of the North-Sea, and Arbitra- 
" tor between the Kings of Sweden, Den- 
" mark and Poland. He ought likewife to 
" have Strasbourg to keep Germany quiet, 
" the Frenche Comte to reftrain the Sivifs j 
" Milan and Genoa, which laft belongs to 
c< the King, would make him Matter of 
" the Mediterranean, and with thefe he 
" might lock up the Duke of Savoy. In 
" the next Place, fays he, we mutt get the 
" Ifle of Elba, to drive the Spaniards out of 
" Italy, and to awe all the Italian Princes, 
" and even the Pcpe -, after which, Sardi- 

" nia 



(8) 
" nia would be no difficult Conque&; Na=> 
" varre and Catalonia muft be poffefs'd 5 
" Majorca and Minorca would follow with- 
<c out much Trouble, and then the King 
<c would be Umpire of the Fortune of the 
" Spaniards ; and if it Jhould happen 
" that the Queen* or her Defcendants, fiould 
<c have an hereditary Right in Spain, be 
<c would be in a Condition to do himfelf 
SS Jufticer 

2dly, To carry this fine Scheme into Ex- 
ecution, Trade, Navigation, and Com- 
merce, were to be promoted, in order to 
raife a Navy, that might render the French 
as fuperior by Sea, as they were at Land. 

Thus to enable the King to carry on his 
Conquefts, the Politician above cited, like- 
wife propofes, that his Majefty fhali keep 
iooGallies, and 100 Men of War in the 
Mediterranean, and 200 more on the 
Ocean. The Fleets which the King might 
keep on the Ocean, would make the King 
Mafter of all the Trade and Powers of the 
North-, even though England and Holland 
mould unite againfl him, they would not 
fail of their Ruin in the End. The Point 
of Britainy is the Gate to enter in and go out 
2 of 



(9 ) 

of the Channel. Fifty Ships of War at 
Brcjl would keep this Gate fafl: {hut, and 
they fliould not open it but by the King's 
Command. A Fleet likewife ontheCoaft 
of Guyenne would awe Spain and Portugal. 

And to remove all Objections to this 
Scheme, the Writer proceeds, and fays, 

" How infolent foever the Engli/h be, 
" they muft confefs, that all the Britijh 
" Ifles laid together do not equal half the 
" French Continent. In fine, had they 
" compared France and its Coafls with 
" England^ they would condemn their Va- 
<c nity in afluming to themfelves to be Lords 
ct of the Sea, as Canutus, one of their anti- 
" ent Kings, did." 

The Author proceeds, in pointing out the 
Intereft, Power, Strength, Policy, Difpo- 
fition and Connections of the feveral State?, 
Neighbours to France, and how they were 
to be dealt with, whilft the King was 
compleating his great Work of Conqueft. 

Spain is reprefented as weak, foolifh and 
flothful j Germany as divided j the Empe- 
ror as weak, and not to be feared j Holland 

C as 



( io ) 

as being in their Intereft ; and as for Eng- 
land \ he fays, 

" England is a State too weak to make 
" any Trial of Strength againft France : 
" And as for Matter of the Englifi them- 
" felves, they are a Sort of People without 
" Faith, without Religion, without Ho- 
tc nefty, without any Juftice at all ; of 
" the greateft. Levity that can be j cruel, 
" impatient, gluttonous, proud, audaci- 
" ous, covetous, fit for handy Strokes and 
<£ Execution, but unable to carry on a 
" War with Judgment. They are not fit 
*' for Conqueft, fo never conquered any 
" Thing but Ireland, whofe Inhabitants 
" are weak and ill Soldiers. 

" If we have a Mind to ruin them, we 
" need but oblige them to keep an Ar?nycn 
" Foot, and there is no fear, that they 
" mould make any Invafion upon France-, 
" that would be their undoubted Ruin. 

" Now if they have an Army, they 
" will infallibly make War upon one an- 
" other, and fo ruin themfelves. They 
" muft likewife be obliged to keep Garri- 
" fons ; this will create a Belief, that the 
<{ King formeth Projects againft their Li- 

<c berty ; 



( •« ) 

■ berty ; and whilft he is in Arms, his Sub- 
1 jects will hate him. Letters muft be 
c wrote in Cypher, and fent, (o as to be in- 
* tercepted, to raife Jealoufies ; Factions 
1 mud be raifed, and the Sects favour'd 
c one againft another ; efpeciaily the Ca- 
£ tholicks, among whom the Benedicline 
c Monks ihould be promifed the Abby- 
1 Lands, and they will move Heaven and 
1 Earth, to throw the Nation into Con- 
fufion." } 

And all this fine Scheme was to be car- 
ried on under the Notion of doing Good to 
Mankind \ by extirpating Herefy and Hereticks, 
propagating true Religion, and bringing the 
neighbouring States under a more happy Form 
of Goverumetit for their owH Inter ejl -f. 
Thus wading thro' Seas of Blood, Rapine, 
Murder, the Violation of all Civil Rights j 
the fhackling the World in French Slavery, 
and the Introduction of the moft ftupid Ido- 
latry, were cloaked under the Mafque of 
Religion, and the pious Pretence of doing 



t The Gentleman who difcover'd thefe Secrets, 
was fent to the Ba/iile, and afterwards baniflied. 

t See Madam Maintenoiis Letters, and the Poli- 
ticks of France, 

C z Good 



( I? ) 

Good to Mankind. Impious Scheme ! 
Horrid Blafphemy ! 

But the Motives to the Execution of this 
Plan were Ambition, Pride, Avarice, and 
the Luji of Dominion. The Empire of 
Charlemagne was to be recovered, and an 
Univerfal Monarchy to be eftablifh'd. Such 
were the Views of this mighty Nimrod, who 
was afterwards eaten up by Licej which 
Providence permitted, to convince this 
haughty Worm, that he was a poor con- 
temptible Mortal, tho' able to doMifchief ; 
and a Monfter big enough to be a Plague 
to Mankind, and the Curfe of his Coun- 
try. 

Icome now to the favourable Circum- 
ftances which concur'd, for enabling the 
French to carry on their Plan of arriving at 
Univerfal Monarchy. 

Soon after Lewis XIV. was married to the 
Infanta of Spain, the Reftoration of Charles 
the Second was brought about in England. 
This Prince was profligate, prophane, luxu- 
rious, and debauch'd, preferring his Plea- 
fures, and his MiftreiTcs, to his own Dig- 
nity and Honour, and to the Welfare of 
his Kingdom, and the Happinefs of his 

People. 



( '3 ) 

People. Though his Coufin Lewis had ex- 
pell'd him out of France, in Complaifancc 
to Cromwell *, yet he encouraged a Trade 
with that Kingdom, which occafion'd an 
Influx of French Commodities and Luxury ; 
and the Confum'ption of their Commodi- 
ties he promoted with all his Might, both 
by Recommendation and Example. 

He likewife fold that important Port and 
Fortrefs Dunkirk to France for 200,000 /. 
or thereabout, which in the Confederate 
War proved a great Thorn in our Sides ; 
and which the French are now fortifying 
again, contrary to Treaty. 

Soon after this, the Confumption of 
French Commodities was carried to fuch a 
Height, by the Encouragement and Exam- 
ple of Charles 's Court, that Mr. Fortery, 
one of the Gentlemen of his Bedchamber, 
calculates, that the French got a Ballance in 
Trade of 1,600,000 /. per Ann. upon us. 

But whilft England was lofing 1,600,000/. 
per Ann. by the French Trade, to make us 
Amendsfor this Lofs, the ivr;z<r/jeftablifh'd an 

■ ■ 

* 'Tis faid, that Monf. Bourdeaax, the French 
Ambaflador at London, did what he could to prevent 
Charles's Reftoration. 

Eajl- 



( 14 ) 

Eaft -India Company in 16643 erected a 
Company to carry on theWhale-Fimeryj fet 
up a Variety of Woollen Manufactures all 
over the Kingdom, to fupplant ours in the 
Foreign Markets ; and particularly in Lan- 
guedoc, to rob us of the Cloth Trade to 
Turky ; which Manufactures were Sup- 
ported by Premiums and Bounties on the 
Export, and all natural and artificial En- 
couragements given to them, that they 
might rival thofe of England. The Suc- 
cefs of thofe Meafures our prefent Turky 
Merchants but too fenfibly feel. 

But notwithstanding France carried on 
fuch an advantageous Trade with us, and 
to our great Detriment, yet its Rapacity 
could not be contented with the great Ad- 
vantages it enjoy 'd, but in the Year 1667, 
to encourage the Home Confumption of 
its own Manufactures, and hinder the Im- 
portation of ours, it publifh'd a new Ta- 
riff, and by it laid fuch high Duties upon 
Englifo Manufactures, as amounted to a 
Prohibition ||. Tho' the Nation felt the 

terrible 

U This may ferve to correct a grofs Error of Mr ; 
Humes, who fays, we were the firft Aggrefibrs with 

Regard 



( >5 ) 

terrible Effects of this flow Poifon, work- 
ing and preying on its Vitals, and clamour'd 
againft it j yet Charles, out of Complaifance 
to his good Friend Lewis, who had pro- 
mifed to make him an abfolute Monarch, 
permitted this pernicious Trade to be car- 
ried on 'till the Year 1676, by which Time 
it had almoft ruin'd the Nation. By the 
Confumption of French Commodities Trade 
languifh'd, Navigation dwindled, Tenants 
broke, Rents were ill-paid, Wool fold low, 
and the Landed Intereft found the terrible 
Effects of this French Difeafe, diffusing its 
venomous Contagion all over the Body Po- 
litick. 

To give fome Relief in this Malady, 
the Project of the Prohibition of the Im- 
portation of IriJJ) Cattle was hit upon, 
which was only a Palliative at that Time, 
and has proved a Remedy worfe than the 
Difeafe fince. All this while Charles was 
affifting the French King in railing a Navy, 
that his mod Chriftian Majefty might be in 
a Condition to affift him in enflaving his 



Regard to the French Trade. See bis Political Dif- 
courfes* 



( 16 ) 

own Subjecls. Nay, Charles went fo far as 
to reprehend, and turn out, one of his own 
Minifters §, for impertinently remarking 
to his Majefty, the dangerous Confequences 
of permitting the French to increafe their 
Marine. And when French Wines were 
prohibited, to favour his good Friend Lewis* 
the Officers of the Cufloms were ordered to 
wink at their being enter'd zsPorfs. But this 
is not at all to be wonder 'd at, fince Charles 
was a Penfioner to France, and enter'd into 
all the Views and Meafures of the French 
King, to the Ruin of his own Kingdom, 
as well as of the Repofe of Europe. 

To carry on their Scheme, and to weaken 
the Maritime Powers, France fowed Dif- 
cord between the Englijh and Dutch, ftir'd 
up Jeaioufies, fomented Feuds, and nurfed 
Animofities, till all Things were in a Flame, 
and they fell to deftroying each other in a 
Naval War j by which France knew it 
lliould grow relatively ftronger, and might 
the fooner be capable to figure it at Sea, 
and compleat its Scheme of Univerfal Mo- 
narchy. 

§ Sir Beinl Higgons . 

Whilft 



( 17 ) 

Whilft Hoftillties were carrying on be- 
tween the Englijh and Dutch, in the Year 
1665, Philip IV. King of Spain dies, and 
leaves Charles the 2d his Son, then an In- 
fant, his Succeffor j and now Lewis XIV. 
his Brother-in-Law, began to take off the 
Mafque, and open the long intended Scene of 
Perjury, Violence, Rapine and Blood. 
Notwithstanding he had folemnly re- 
nounced the Spanijh Succeffion at the Peace 
of the Pyrennes ; yet immediately after the 
Death of his Father-in-Law, he invaded 
the Territories of his Brother the Catholic 
King, and took PoffefTion of fuch Part of 
the Spanifi Low-Countries as he pleafed. 
The Rapidity of his Conquefts, the In- 
juftice of his Conduct, and the Perjury 
and Violence he was guilty of, aftonimed 

all Europe. 

1 

But by the Mediation of the Dutch and 
the Swedes, a Peace was made, and it was 
agreed, that Lewis mould keep PoffeiTion 
of his new Conquefts, The Dutch were 
afraid of fo near and powerful a Neigh- 
bour as France, and willing to keep her 
at as great Diftance as poffible. Lewis was 
difpleafed with their Conduct, and difTatif- 
D fied 



( 18 ) 

fled with the Peace, becaufe he wanted all 
the SpaniJJo Low-Countries, and from hence 
differed with the Commiffaries ztLiJk about 
the Adjuftment of his new Conquefts, 
and declared he would do himfelf Juftice 
by Force of Arms ; however a Peace was 
afterwards concluded at Aix-la-Chapelle. 
Lewis hated the States for throwing: a Re- 
mora in the Way, whilfl he was in his Pro- 
grefs towards Univerfal Monarchy, and 
was refolved to chaftife them. For this 
End, he formed a mod powerful Confede- 
racy againft them, into which Charles the 
Second of England enter'd as a Party,againft 
all the Rules of good Policy, whilfl: the 
Emperor with equal Stupidity, agreed to a 
Neutrality. 

Thus France was extending itsConquefts 
by Land, its Commerce by Sea, and in- 
creafmg its Trade and Manufactures to raife 
a Marine* and rival us in Arts and Arms, 
both by Sea and Land : And in the mean 
while, the King of England, inflead of 
flirring up all the States of Europe to criifli 
this exorbitant Power, was confederated 
with it, and concurr'd with, and affifted 
Lewis in every Step he took in his Progrefs 

towards 



( 19 ) 
towards Univerfal Monarchy : And in do- 
ing this, he facrificed his own Honour, 
the Welfare of his People, and the Peace 
ofChriftendom, 

But in Return for this Complaifance, 
Lewis promifed Charles to make him an ab- 
fblute Monarch -f- ; and thus Charles became 
the Tool of Lewis's Ambition, and the Dupe 
of his own Love of arbitrary Power. They 



f After King Charles's Interview with the Duchefs 
of Orleans at Dover, a fecret League was ratified be- 
tween the Crowns of France and England, one Ar- 
ticle of which the Abbot Primi fays, was, M To fe- 
" cure to King Charles an abfolute Power over his 
" Parliament, and the Re-eftablifhment of the Roman 
" Catholick Religion in his three Kingdom of Eng- 
" land, Scotland and Ireland." His Words are, De lui 
ajfcurer une Autorlte abfolue fur [on Parlemcni Cf de 
rej, abler l a Religin Cat holt que dans Us Royaumes 
rf'Angleterre, ^'EcofTe, &T ^Ireland. In 1682, King 
Charles complained of the divulging this Secret, by 
his Ambaffador the Lord Prejlon at Verfailles, and 
Primi was committed to the Bajlile 

Lewis knew, that both Charles and his Erother 
were Papijls, and infeded with that Lues of the 
Siuart Race, Bigotry, and the|Itch of arbitrary Power: 
And thus he baited his Trap accordingly. 

D 2 were 



( 20 ) 

were to conquer the Dutch, and divide the 
feven Provinces between tnem. This was 
hunting with the Lion, and dividing the Prey 
with him, where Charles could expect no- 
thing but the Fate of the duped Beafls; 
and in the Iilue to be worried hirafelf. 
England rues for this falfe Policy to this 
Day. We were at this Time jealous of the 
Dutch, and regardlefs at the fame Time 
of the French, who were fapping the 
Foundations of our Trade and Commerce, 
and knawing its Roots both in the Eaft- 
Indies and North America, as well as at 
the Leeward Iflands. 

And this ftupid Prejudice continues to 
this very Day ; and a modern Politician 
fays, The Dutch are our Rivals in Trade 
and Navigation ; they are our Out- 
guard on the Continent, and yet we may 
do too much for them. They are parfimo- 
nious, and therefore we cannot get Pof- 
feflion of their Trade, unlefs we deftroy 
them by our Naval Force *. 



See Batavia Illu/irata. 

But 



( 21 ) 

But our greateft Danger is from the 
Schemes and Purfuits of the French) of 
which this Gentleman fays not one Word 
by Way of Caution or Comparifon. This 
Danger will appear clearly from the fol- 
lowing Confide rations. Bread, in Holland, 
fuch as our Manufacturers in England eat, 
is commonly at id a Pound Sterling ; Fleili 
at qd> fuch as is fold in England at 3*/; Labour 
as high as in England : Whereas, in 
France in the Provinces, Bread is in com- 
mon at one Halfpenny per Pound, Sterling, 
or at ieaft at about half the Price it is at 
in England , and Flefh in the fame Pro- 
portion. Labour in France, like wife, ig 
but from about %d per Day, of 14 Hours, 
or from Five to Seven o'Clock, in the 
cheapeft Countries, and at about yd half- 
penny in the deareft : In Manufactures, at 
but half the Price as in England. Sailors 
Wages aboard the French Navy, but from 
about Ss to 12s per Month -, whereas in 
England, a Sailor has 20 s per Month 
aboard King's Ships. This muft rende r 

their 



( *? ) 

their Goods exceeding cheap at a foreign 
Market. 

Now I would fubmit it to the Reflec- 
tion of any reafonable Man, who are mofl 
likely to rival us in Trade and Navigation, 
the Dutch or the French. And here it 
may be obferved, that this Cheapnefs of 
Labour, Provisions, and Commodities, was 
brought about by the file Artifice of the 
'Enhancement of their Money from 27 Livres, 
to 50 Livres the Mark of eight Ounces of 
Silver 'Troy weight ; and this has been done 
iince the Beginning of the confederate War 
in 1702. 'Tis true, this caufed great Con- 
vulfions in the Kingdom at firft, but in the 
IiTue, it has been the Inftrument by which 
they have fapped the Foundations of our 
Trade ; and if a Remedy be not applied, 
which is every Day at hand, viz, a Bounty % 
this Artifice of the French will worm out 
Britifij Manufactures by gentle Degrees in 
every Market in the World. 

By this Artifice they have rendered their 
Labour fo cheap, that they reap a plenti- 
ful Harvefl in every Country, where they 

pay 



( 23) 

pay but the fame Cujioms as the Englifo> 
whillt the Englifi Merchant is obliged to 
wait for the Gleanings of the Market, after 
the Frenchman has finished his Sales. 

This has reduced our 'Turkey Trade from 
a Sale of about 30,000 Woollen Cloths 
per Annum to about 6000 j whilft, within 
a few Years, the French Cloth Trade has 
increafed from a Sale of 2 coo Cloths per 
Annum > to above 40,000. This Project 
of the Enhancement of Money, has given 
an undue Preference in France to Money, 
above Land and Commodities : But where 
lies the Difadvantage, if the Gentleman re- 
ceives but a 100 lb. weight of Silver for 
his Lands, where he ufed to receive 200 lb. 
if, at the fame Time, he can purchafe as 
many Commodities with 100 /. as before 
the Enhancement he could with two ? 
It is certain it would only affect his fo- 
reign Confumption. By this Scheme the 
French have retrained the Bulk of the Peo- 
ple to the Confumption of their own Ma- 
nufactures and Commodities, and have pro- 
digiouily extended their Commerce, by un- 
derfelling all Nations. This has enabled 

their 



( H) 
their Iflands to fend home Sugars, Indigp^ 
&c. fo cheap, as to rival us in all the £«- 
ropean Markets, and in the Levant : And 
all this they do, though their Manufactu- 
rers pay fix Times as much in Taxes on the 
Neceffaries of Life as they do in England. 

After the Invafion of the United Pro- 
vinces by France, in 1672, not the King of 
England, but his Parliament being alarmed 
at the French Conquefts, as likewife the 
Empire and the King of Spain, thefe three 
Powers declared in Favour of the Dutch, 
which brought about the Peace of Nime- 
guen 3 where the King of France had large 
Dominions he had conquered, conceded to 
him. But univerfal Monarchy being the 
Aim of Lewis, he foon found Pretences for 
violating the Treaty, which produced the 
League of Aughsbourgh in 1683, and obliged 
him to a twenty Years Truce. 

From the Death of Philip the Fourth, 
King of Spain, whilft all thefe Things 
were tranfa&ing, to the League of Aughf- 
bourgh in 1683, Monf. Colbert took Care 
to encourage Arts, diffufe Manufactures, 
promote Fifheries, and extend Commerce ; 

and 



( 25 ) 

and all with a View to raife a powerful 
Marine to rival the united Forces of the 
Englifi and Dutch. This was the principal 
Part of the Plan of Conqueft j and this the 
Fre?jch fucceeded in to their Wiflies; fo 
that in a few Years we faw France alone 
contend with the united Squadrons of the 
Engli/b and Dutch for the Empire of the 
Main. 

Hot-headed Lewis would never have at- 
tained his End, had it not been forthe pru- 
dent Councils of his Minifter Colbert, who 
addreffed him in this Manner when he was 
venting his Spleen againft the Dutch, who 
obftructed his Conqueft. 

" The Advice I would prefume to give 
" your Majefty is to dilband the greatelt 
tc Part of your Forces, and fave lb many 
" Taxes to your People. Your very Do- 
£t minions make you too powerful to fear 
" any Infult from your Neighbours. Turn 
" your Thoughts, Sir, I intreat you, from 
" War ; cultivate the Arts of Peace, the 
" Trade and Manufacture of your Subjects : 
" This will make you the moil powerful 
" Prince, and your People at the fame 

(i Time the richeft of all Nations. 

E « There 



tc 



( 26 ) 

There never will be wanting Fools to 
" purchafe the Manufactures of France-, 
" but France muft be ftrictly prohibited to 
<{ buy thofe of other Countries. But above 
" all, Peace will ingratiate your Majefty 
" with the Spanifo Nation during the Life 
" of their crazy King j and after his Death, 
" a few feafonable Prefents among his 
" Courtiers {hall purchafe the Reverfion of 
" his Crowns, with all the Treafures of 
" the Indies j and then the World is your 
" own." 

It is certainly a Virtue in a State to pro- 
mote Induftry, encourage Arts, multiply 
Traders, and extend Commerce, provided 
it be done to make the People happy. But 
if we examine the Politicks of the Fre?ich, 
we (hall find thefe beneficent Motives the 
leaft of their Regards. No, the Vain-glo- 
ry of their Monarch, acquired by cutting 
Throats, and raviming the Territories of 
their Neighbours from them, whilft even 
their own lie uncultivated and neglect- 
ed, are the Motives which induce them 
to' favour Arts, and promote Commerce ; 
Commerce is to fupport Conqueft, and 
Conqueil is to extend Commerce, but 



( *7 ) 
Pride and Vain-glory are the Primum Mo- 
bile, not the Happinefs of Society-, and the 
Good of Mankind ; though the French moft 
blafphemoufly rob and plunder their Neigh- 
bours under thofe Pretences. 

It is true Colbert advifes his Mailer to 
turn his Thoughts from Arms to Com- 
merce j but then the End is to make the 
World his own. Commerce is to bring 
in Riches, the Treafures of the Indies j and 
thefe are to be employed in raifing Ar- 
mies, and in making the World his own. 
Here the End the French purfue in pro- 
moting Commerce is avowed, viz. that 
they may be able to plunder their Neigh- 
bours, and rob them of their Territories ; 
that they may recover the Empire of Char- 
lemagne, or all that lies between the Bal- 
tic and the Adriatic, and from thence to 
the Mediteranean and the Atlantic Ocean, 
the Dominions of that Monfter of Cruelty J 
after which the World is to be made their 
own. 

Navigation and Commerce are to be 
made the ftalking Horfes to promote thofe 
Schemes: " And thefe Plans, their Poli- 
ticians fay, " mufi be perfected by little and 
E 2 little i 



( 28 ) 

little -j fo great De/igns continually alarming 
Europe, Alia, Africa, and America, 
Friends and Foes, a Precipitation of it 
would be its Ruin." 

In Conformity to this Advice, Lewis 
confen ted to the Mediation of the Dutch 
and Swedes, and made a Peace at Nime- 
guen. This was all a Farce, nothing was 
meant by it, but to deceive his "Neighbours, 
take them off their Guard, and attain his 
Ends by little and little. And to compafs 
the Univerfal Monarchy projected, Perjury 
was committed , Alliances were broke 
through, Friends and Kindred were at- 
tacked, Allies betrayed, and every Rela- 
tion, folemn Tye ; all Faith and Honour 
were facrificed to Ambition, and Lull: of 
Conqueft. Seas of Blood were waded 
through, and every Barbarity and Cruelty 
committed by this polite Nation, in the 
Execution of their polite Scheme *. 

Conqueft is the Defign of the French ; 
Trade is onlv attended to as the Inftru- 
merit. Surely all Europe ought to unite 



f Witnefs their Cruelties at Bodegrave and Swam- 
merdarn in Hajl 

againft 



( 29 ) 

againft thefe Plunderers of the World, and 
Bullies of Mankind, who iacrifice every 
Thing to their favage Ambition. And as 
to England, they have attacked our Settle- 
ments in the Eaft Indies, robbed us of our 
Territories in the Weft Indies, plundered 
our Colonies, murdered our People, vio- 
lated our folemn Treaties, by feizing the 
neutral Iflands, and committing Hoitilities 
againil us in every Quarter of the Globe. 
A rife, O Britain ! Avenge thy Caule, 
and reflrain the Rapine and Violence of 
thefe Difturbers of the World. 

The French raife Armies, build Ships, 
erect Forts, and favour Manufactures and 
Commerce, not to make their People hap- 
py, but to be in a Condition to take Ad- 
vantage of every Conjuncture for extend- 
ing their Dominions, and robbing their 
Neighbours. Colbert avows this, and that 
the Dom'mions of the French King are too 
great, and make him too powerful to fear 
any Infult from his Neighbours. And 
their other Politicians fay, One State isiveak, 
another divided, another Jlothful, and 
from thence encourage their Princes to make 
a PYey of all. 

It 



( 3° ) 

It is clear from hence, that their In- 
fults upon our Settlements in the Eafl In- 
dies, and their Encroachments upon the 
Miffi/ippi, and in Canada ■, are carried on, 
not from any Fear of their Neighbours, or 
to fecure their own Commerce or Territo- 
ries -j but to advance and increafe their 
Navigation, which is confidered by them 
as an Inftrument neceflary for acquiring 
Univerfal Monarchy ~f-. I cannot help 
alking here, what will become of their 
good Ally the King of Pr—Jf—a, when the 
French King comes to the PorTerlion of the 
Carlovingian Empire, at which he aims ? 

By the Folly and Wickednefs of Charles 
the Second, France having drained Eng- 
land of between 20 and 30 Millions, thro' 
the pernicious Trade carried on for near 
20 Years with that Kingdom, during his 
Reign J ; and having by the Craft of Col- 
bert 



t Quos non Oriens non Occidens fatiaverit. 

Tacitus. 

% Dr. Davenant remarks, that if this had been 
true, England^ by the End of Charles the Second's 

Reign, 



( 3' ) 

bert extended its Commerce, and raifed a 
powerful Marine ; and likewife having 
gained large and fertile Territories on each 
Side, through the pernicious Maxims and 
bad Policy of the glorious King of Eng- 
land, no Treaties nor Ties could hold the 
French Monarch long. 



Reign, would not have had a Shilling left in the 
Kingdom. But the Doftor feems to be very much 
out in his Calculations. He did not in the leaf! re- 
flect on the conftant Supplies brought in from our 
Northern Colonies, which traded to the Spanijh Alain, 
and from 'Jamaica ; the Exploits of the Buccaniers, 
the Ballance of Trade with Africa, Spain, Portugal, 
Holland, the Netherlands, Germany and Ireland. All 
which might and did furnifh us annually with more 
than France drained us of; though, whenever the 
Cafe is fuch, that the Stock of Cafh in a Nation does 
not go on increafing much, Trade will always ap- 
pear to languid, and feemingly be in the State of 
an animal Body, which receives no Supply of Food. 
The Computations made from the Cuftoms received 
muft have been erroneous : Befides, at that Time, 
100,000 /. worth of Manufactures fent to Jamaica, 
could not fail of returning us 500.000 /. Profit. The 
African Trade likewife, at one Time, brought in a 
monftrous Profit. From all thefe Confiderations, it 
appears probable, that England might export 
Millions in Value, import four Millions in Value, 
and yet its Stock of Cafh not leffen. 



( 3* ) 

Charles dies, and in 1685, his Brother 
yames mounts the Throne, who was un- 
der the Influence of Popifh Priefts, Popifh 
Maxims, and French Councils. To pleafe 
his Friend Lewis, he took off the Prohi- 
bition of the French Trade, and opened 
the Door again for French Luxury, in or- 
der to enrich France at the Expence of 
the Englijh Nation. 

French Wines and French Manufactures 
were again introduced, fo that our Trade 
to Portugal was like to have been ruined. 
This the King of England did out of Com- 
plaifance to Lewis, that he in his Turn 
might afTift him in making him abfolute, 
and in eftablifhing the Popifo Religion in 
his three Kingdoms -, as likewife in palm- 
ing upon us a fpurious Brat for a Monarch, 
who was perhaps the IfTue of fome Plebeian 
Trull, which Plot was contrived purely 
for the Eftablifhment of Popery in the 
Kingdom again. 

But thefe Meafures of the French King 
were purfued to prevent England from taking 
Part with the Princes he intended to rob 
of their Dominions j from holding the 
Ballance of Power, and from obftrucling 

his 



( 33 ) 

his Career of Conqueft, and Purfuit of Uni- 
verfal Monarchy. 

The Count D'Avaux had mentioned in 
a Memorial to the States General, the Secret 
Alliance concluded between the King of Eng- 
land and the King of France. At that Time 
it was thought Lewis made this Difcovery, 
to enrage the Englijh in fuch a Manner, 
that the King might be afraid to trufl 
them, and be obliged to have Recourfe 
to a French Army to aflift him againft his 
own Subjects ; which Army was then to 
have conquered the Kingdom for the French 
King. 

But King James drove on fo furioufly 
to introduce Popery, that the Nation con- 
fpired to drive him out of the Kingdom, 
and the King of France began a War afrefh 
to reftore him to his Throne. This was 
not done out of any Regard to James, 
whom the King of France defpifed, but 
to have a Plea for purfuing his Plan of 
Conquefl. This War was terminated by 
the Peace of Ryfaick, and the Partition 
Treaty was agreed upon to fettle Peace 
and the Ballance of Power. But all thefe 
F Com* 



( 34) 
Compliances in the French were only a 
Farce, to deceive and amufe the Allies. 

By the Influence of French Gold at the 
Spani/h Court, and the Artifices of Cardi~ 
nal Portacarero, a Will was figned by the 
King of Spain in articulo mortis, by which 
the Spani/h Succeffion was left to the Duke 
of Anjou. And now the French King con^ 
fidered himfelf, as in PorTeffion of Spain, 
its Trade, and the Treafures of the Wejl- 
Indies, and of Courfe, that the World was 
his own, according to the Prediction of CoU 
fart. He immediately invaded the Nether- 
lands, and feized on the Spani/h Crown in 
Violation of his moft folemn Renunciation, 
and repeated Treaties and Engagements. 
But having made large Strides towards 
UniverfaJ Monarchy, the Princes of Europe 
thought it was high Time to crufh this 
'Leviathan of Power, The Arms and Va- 
lour of the Allies, brought him and his 
Kingdom to the Brink of Ruin ; and whilfl 
he was tottering upon this dreadful Pre-^ 
cipicc, a Faction \ but 

Here 



( 35 ) 

* *+ * mf£&C Animus miminijfe barret, 
Luclaque refugit. -j- 

The Abbe St. Pierre obferves, that 
France was in a mofl dreadful Situation 
before the Battle of Denain ; that if it had 
been loll:, the Kingdom would have been 
ruined, and that the Day on which it was 
won, ought to be celebrated as a folemn 
Feftival by the French to the lateft Pofte- 
rity. To what their Salvation was owing, 
we but too well remember. O, you glo- 
rious Britijh Patriots then at the Helm ! 
how are you to be admired to lateft 
Ages ! 

During this War, the Trade to Spain, 
and the Spanifi Weft Indies, was open only 
to France, by which they gained above 
100 Millions of Dollars j and by this Affift- 
ance they were enabled to continue the 
War againft the moll powerful Confede- 
racy that ever was formed, conducted by 
the greateft Heads, and the honeftefr. Hearts, 
that ever gave Council in the Cabinet, or 
led Troops into the Field. 

^— — ^mm — — — — — — w— — — i— 

"f I tremble at die ureadful Thought, and for- 
bear mentioning the mournful Theme. 

F 2 But 



( 36 ) 

But notwithstanding the French- were 
reduced to Beggary and Ruin by the Con- 
federate Arms, yet our glorious Patriots, 
and fagacious Politicians at the Treaty of 
Utrecht, left France in the PofTefiion of 
near all her Conquefls, which a judicious 
Author fays, amounted to eight Sovereign 
Provinces, two Archbifhopricks, nine Bi- 
fhopricks, thirty of the ftrongeft Places in 
the World, feventy Cities, fome of which 
are reckoned among the fineft in Europe, and 
more than 3000 Market Towns and Villa- 
ges. And to this we may add another con- 
siderable Acquifition fince, viz. theDutchies 
of Lorain and Bar. The Revenues of thefe 
Countries which have been annexed of late 
to the Dominions of the French King, a- 
mount to more than One- fourth of his 
whole Income. 

But the Plan the French form'd is not 
half executed. The firft Acquifitions were 
to have comprehended all the Territories 
South and South- Weft of the Rhine, in 
order to poffefs themfelves of all the Trade 
of the Meufe, and what by that River is 
carried on by the Dutch into Germany j by 
which England would be a great Sufferer in 

its 



( 37 ) 
its Commerce to Holland. The Attention 
of France to Commerce of late Years, is 
only to put herfelf in a Condition to execute 
her Schemes of Conquer!:, which fhe never 
lofes Sight of. And if all the Powers of 
Europe do not unite to reftrain her exorbi- 
tant Attempts, in Cafe Britain alone is not 
fufficient, they will foon find the bad Ef- 
fects of their ill Policy and Indolence. 

France herfelf acknowledges, that the 
Englifh bow neither Inclination nor Abilities 
for Conquefi -, and that they never attempted to 
conquer any Country but Ireland, he Blanc, 
a late French Author, talks in the fame 
Strain as Colbert's Pupil. He obferves, 
That when the Englifh pretended to be fo 
alarm'd for the Liberties of Europe, they 
were only intent upon their own private In- 
tereft. A Prince of the Houfe of Bourbon 
upon the Throne of Spain, would have 
given them no Umbrage, had it not affected, 
their Commerce. The only Motive which 
induces them to make War, and the only 
Object they regard in Peace, is their Trade. 
His Words are, Lorfque les Anglois paroifoi- 
entfi allarmespour les Liberies de /'Europe Us 
rietoient reelkment cccupes que de leur Inter et 
2 parti- 



(3» ) 

particulier. Un Prince du Sang de France 
ne leur faifoit ombrage fur le Tyrone ^/'Efpagne? 
que par rapport a leur Commerce : On doit 
le regarder ioujours comme le veritable motif 
qui les porte a fair e la Guerre £? comme V uni- 
que objet quils cherchent dam la Paix. Vo- 
yez les Lettres d'un Francois , Vol. II. Page 
241. And again, the Roma?is confidered 
Trade only as a Means of obtaining Con- 
queil j the Englifi never arm in Europe y 
but to extend their Commerce. Les Ro- 
mains ne font devenus Commercans que pour 
s en affurer la Conquete \ Z^Anglois narment 
en Europe que pour y etendre leur Commerce. 
Vol. III. 

It is readily ajfentedto, that England has no 
Views of Conqueft, and defires only to enjoy 
her own, and to prefer ve her Trade and Terri- 
tories unviolated. But this is what France 
will not admit of. It feems to be quite na- 
tural to this reftlefs, ambitious, encroach- 
ing Power, to be thieving from its Neigh- 
bours : But we hope Britain will foon fee 
the French in fuch a Condition, as to be ablp 
to fay to them pertinently, 

Difcite Juflitiam moniti, & non temnere 

Divos. 

ft 



( 39 ) 

It is a Maxim in Politicks, that when a 
State begins to grow formidable, War 
ought to be made upon it by its Neighbours, 
to reduce its exorbitant Power. If the Per- 
fans had joined the Grecian States againft 
Philip of Macedon, the royal Family of Da- 
rius had not fallen into the Hands of Alexan- 
der^ nor the Perfians become Slaves to the 
Greeks. If the Carthaginians had aJTifted 
the Samnites, and given Aid to other Italian 
States, in their Wars with the Romans, that 
Race of Banditti would never have rafed the 
Capital of the Africans, nor have plagued 
the World for fuch a long Series of Years. 
And if the i?r////£ Kings had united againft. the 
Roman Arms, Agriccla might have made as 
ignominious a Retreat as "Julius Cafar. But 
Dum Jingidi pugnant wdverfi "dncuntur^ 
whiljl they fought one by one all were fubdued. 
This ought to teach all Europe to unite againft 
the Gallic Monfter and Tyrant. 

When the French are in a Condition to 
plague their Neighbours, they never fail of 
(hewing their Inclination. And tho' it mav 
not coincide with the ftrict Rules of Juftice 
and Morality, to attack a State becaufe it 
increafes in Riches and Power ; yet when 

the 



( 40 ) 

the Vanity and Pride which Riches and 
Power infpire, break out into overt A£ts of 
Violence and Rapine, then other Powers are 
juftiflable in attacking fuch Robbers and 
Difturbers of the World ; and ought never 
to fheath the Sword, 'till they are brought 
to Juftice and Reafon ; and are fo weaken'd, 
as to be unable to abufe their Neighbours 
for the future. Thefe Meafures the 
Laws of God and Man tolerate and 
juftify. Surely if we faw a Robber arming 
to plunder and murder us, it would be Stu- 
pidity to wait 'till he had put himfelf 
in a compleatr Pofture to fubdue us, when 
it was in our Power to have cut him off" 
whilfl: he was preparing for our De~ 
(traction. 

Now the Views of the French in the Ex* 
tenfion of their Commerce, are to acquire 
a great Fleet, and by Means of this Fleet, 
and the Treafures of Spain and the Wejl- 
bzdies, brought Home by Commerce, to re- 
cover the Empire of Charlemagne^ and make 
the World their own. This is the Scheme, 
which has been ftijdtly adhered to ever fmce 
the Days of Richlicu. But the Gentleman 
\yho difcover'd thefe Secrets of the French 

Court, 



( 4i ) 

Court, was fent to thcBaJlile, and afterwards 
banifh'd ; for the Scheme was to have been 
carried on a little and little ', fo great a Dc- 
Jign alarming all Europe, Friends and 
Foes. 

The French declare, that their very Domi- 
nions make them too great to fear any Infult 
from their Neighbours. ' That the Englifh 
have neither Capacity nor Inclination for Ccn- 
queft. That the Britifh Dominions are no- 
thing compared with the French in Extent \ 
People, Fertility, and Riches ; and that i 
have nothing to dread even from an Union of 
England and Holland together. They re- 
prejent the Emperor as weak, and Germany 
as divided-, and the Englifh as eaf'tyjet toge* 
ther by the Ears ; and induced to deflroy each 
other. What is it then \vh ich makes France 
keep up Troops, FortrelTes and Fleets ? 
The Anfwer is obvious ; nothing but the 
Luft of Dominion j a thievifh Dilpoiition 
to rob and plunder its Neighbours j and the 
vain Glory of excelling in the Arts of Plun- 
der and Slaughter. They exprefs a great 
Contempt for us, and confequently do not 
arm to defend themiclves, but like Banditti 
to furprife and plunder their Neighbours. 



( 42 ) 

Their Depredations have been long felt 
in the Eafl- Indies. Their Encroachments 
on the MiJJtfippi and in North- America, and 
Seifure of the Neutral Iflands in the Wejl- 
Indies, have been as lojig wink'd at -, and all 
this has made them as audacious and infp- 
lent, as if they thought the Englijh both 
tame and blind : But it is high Time for 
Britons to awake and avenge themfelves. 
If Spain can tamely fubmit to have fuch 
a thievifh, infolent, ambitious, perfidious 
Power, fortify itfelf on the MiJJifippi, fo 
near Mexico, Britons ought to purfue a dif- 
ferent Policy, and to root out of North- Ame- 
rica this turbulent Race, that is continually 
plaguing, and pilfering Territory from every 
Prince, who has the Misfortune to be ad- 
jacent to it, either in Europe, Afia, Africa 
or America. 



REA- 



( 43 ) 



REASONS 

FRO M 

RELIGION,LIBERTY, 

AND 

TRADE, 

For Britain's pufhing on aWAR 
with France, with the utmoft 
Vigour. 

Pro Aris & Focis y & Commercto. 

TH E French are Enemies to our Re- 
ligion, to our Liberties, and to our 
Commerce. They look on us as Hereticks, 
Enemies to God, and consequently fuch as 
ought to be hated and deftroyed by Man -, 
and of Courfe they themfelves would glory 
and rejoice, to embrue their Hands in our 
Blood. The bloody Maffacre of the Pro- 
G 2 teflants, 



( 44) 
teftants, their own Countrymen and Neigh- 
bours, in the Reign of Charles the IXth, 
40,000 of whom they murder'd in their 
Beds in cool Blood, without Provocation, 
and contrary to their folemn Engagements j 
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 
and their cruel and barbarous Perfecutions 
of thofe People ever fince ||, fhew their 
mortal Hatred to our holy Religion, as well 
as the devilijlo Spirit of their own. 

As to the Religion of the French, it is a 
Syftem of Pageantry, Buffoonery, Foolery, 
Stupidity, Idolatry, Blafphemy and Cruelty, 
all mix'd together, and work'd up with 
Blood ; fit only for ftupid Fools and imper- 
tinent unthinking Buffoons. I will giveyou 
a late Inftance of the unaccountable Stupi- 
dity of the Catholicks. 

I was a little while ago, at the Academy 
of Painting in the City of Bruges. A Piece 



I The Minifter Lovo'ts boafts, that it was worfe 
under Lewis XIV. than under Charles the IXth. See 
his Political Teftament. 

was 



( 45 ) 

was finifhing there by one of their ablcft 
Hands for one of their Churches. It con- 
filled of the following Groupe of Figures. 
On the Left-hand, flood God the Father in the 
Form of an old Man with grey Hair almofl 
white, and a long Beard of the fame Co- 
lour : In his Right-hand he held a Globe, 
fignifying his Providence and Government 
of the World : On his Left-hand flood his 
Son JefuSy with a long Beard feemingly 
about Fifty, and with a Glory about his 
Head j and between both hovered a Milk- 
white Dove, fignifying the Holy Ghofl. The 
Virgin Mary\ drawn like Pkaroah'% Daugh- 
ter at the Foundling-Hcfpital, was kneeling 
(with her Hands and Eyes lifted up) before 
the Father and the Son, who held a Laurel 
Crown in their Hands to adorn the holy Vir- 
gin's Brows. 

There is fomething fo mocking, im- 
pious and blafphemous in this Piece of Ido- 
latry, that at firfl it flartled me : But the 
Ridicule in the Solecifm and Anachronifm 
of the Son's being a Gentleman advanced in 
Years, and the Mother painted like a young 

blooming 



( 46 ) 

blooming Girl, inftead of a grave Matron, 
almoft provok'd a Smile. This impious 
and ridiculous Piece, was to be hung up in 
one of their holy Places, for exciting Devo- 
tion, and receiving Adoration. 

Now this is the Superftition which the 
French labour to propagate for the Good of 
Mankind. For this Idolatry they want us 
to exchange our moll pure and holy Reli- 
gion. But if we have any Regard for our 
evangelical Inftitutions, for a Religion wor- 
thy of a Man and a Freeman, this Regard 
ought to excite and animate our Rage and In- 
dignation, againft thefe ftupid, vain-glorious, 
idolatrous, would-be Conquerors, mid Bigots, 
who feek to fhackle us with the Chains of 
Superftition and Darknefs, as well as to op- 
prefs us with thofe of Conquefi and Sla- 
very. 

The French are not only Enemies to our 
Religion, and religious Liberty, but alfo to 
our civil Liberty, and call us Rebels and 
Tray tors -\-, becaufe we have not fubrrt&ted 

+ See the Mandate of the Biihop of Mauntaban in 

2 tamely 



( 47 ) 

tamely like themfelves to receive the Yoke of 
Slavery and arbitrary Power ; which fome 
of our Monarchs have {hived to put upon 
our Necks. Becaufe we admire our Kings 
only for their Goodnefs, their Regard to our 
Conflitution,Laws, and theHappinefs of the 
People, therefore we are filled by themy^- 
ditious and faBiom. But, if they are fucb 
Beafts%> as to be dazzled with the vain Glory 
and Eclat of a Tyrant and a Monfter, call- 
ed by the Name of Le grand Monarque, it 
is ridiculous to be angry with us, becaufe 
we pay no Devotion to fuch a diabolical 
Idol. 

The Englijh admire and love their Kings, 
when they are good, when they pay a Re- 
gard to the Laws, and make them the Rule 
of their Conduct ; but deteft and abhor 
them, when they violate the Laws, and 
feek to govern the People by capricious 
Will, and to (hackle them with the Chains 
of Slavery. They are governed at prefent 



X Lcvois calls them Le grand Bet* le PeupU. Voycz 
Son Teftament Politique. 



( 48 ) 
by the ivife/l, the honejlejl, and the bcjl 
Prince in Europe. They highly efleem him, 
and have plentifully endowed him to fupport 
his Honour and Dignity, But he has the 
Hearts of his People, which is worth more 
than the Command of their Purfes. But, 
notwithftanding they love their Prince, like 
true Lovers of Liberty, they keep a pru- 
dcnt Guard in Defence of their Rights, 
againfl all poflible Accidents: And this Cau- 
tion thefe Slaves call Faction. But, like 
couching Spaniels, the moft abject of Dogs, 
the French blefs the Hand of the OppreiTor, 
and lick the Foot that kicks and fpu.rns 
them ; and, unworthy of Liberty, they 
have no Senfe formed or adapted to tafte 
its $weets. Such are the French $ and fuch. 
Slaves, though glittering by the Side of a 
Monarch, the meanejl Briton /corns. 

But, as they have no Senfe of Freedom 
themfelves, they labour to deprive us of our 
civil Rights j and to force upon us an ab- 
jured, illegitimate, and fpurious Pretender 
to our Crown s educated in the Idolatry of 

Romc t 



(49 ) 

Rome, and foilered in the Principles of ar- 
bitrary Power; the abject Penfioner and Tool 
of France, as well as Puppet of French Arti- 
fices. And this Thing forfooth ! they would 
palm upon us for a King, in order to fet 
our Royal Race afide; a Race of Heroes, 
whom we have elected to reign over us ; 
but who ftand as principal Obftacles in 
the French Career towards Univerfal Mo- 
narchw 

Next to our religious and civil Liberties, 
our Commerce is a Matter of the greateft 
Importance to us. To deprive us of this, 
the French conftantly exert every Art and 
every Violence. They broke through the 
Tariff of 1664.', and eftablifhed the Duty 
of 50 s, per Ton on our Shipping ; and that 
of 1667, whereby fuch high Duties were 
laid on ourWoollens, as amounted to a Pro- 
hibition ; according to the Maxim of Col- 
bert, who tells the King, that the Comma-* 
dities of other Countries muft be prohibited, 
there will be always Fools enough found to take 
off thofe of France, notwithjlanding fuch 
Prohibition. 

H To 



( 5° ) 
To ruiri our Commerce, thefe Incendi- 
aries the French have ftirred up civil Wars 
amongft us ; alienated fome of our Princes 
from their own Subjects by Penfions ; cor- 
rupted our Minifters with Bribes ; and even 
bought our Senates to do their Drudgery, 
and fell their Country to a foreign In- 
terest. *.. Thanks to Heaven we have none 
of thefe Evils to apprehend from our prefent 
Prince, Minifters or Senate, but every Ad- 
vantage to hope, that the greater!:, Wifdom, 
Steadinefs and Integrity, united for our 
Country's Good, can produce. 

They envied our Trade with Spain ; 
and fet a Prince of the Houfe of Bourbon 
upon that Throne, to fupplant us in our 
Commerce. His Grandfather Lewis gave 
him in Inftruction, when he fet out on his 
Expedition for the Spani/Jj Crown, that, 
though he was King of Spain, he ought al- 
ways to remember that lie was a Prince of 



* We cannot forget the French Commerce-Bill in 
1713. 

France. 






( 5' ) 

France. The heavy Duties our Manu- 
factures have been loaded with in Spain 
ever fince j and the flourishing Trade the 
French have with that Kingdom, but too 
well evince what Regard the late King of 
Spain paid to the Advice of his Grandfather. 
He was always a Spanifj King with a 
French Heart. 

Le Blanc obferves, " Depuis qiiun Prince 
<f de la Maifon de Bourbon eft monti fur le 
" 'Throne d'Efpagne, leur (des Anglois) Com- 
" merce owe cette Nation , leur eft beaucoup 
" plus defadvantageux, qui I ne Tetoit aupa- 
<c ravant." That, Jince a Prince of the 
Houfe of Bourbon mounted the Spanifh 
Throne, the Trade of the Englifh ivith that 
Kingdom is much more dif advantageous to them 
than it was before. 

But the deepeft Wound, they ever gave 
our Commerce, was by the Artifice of the 
Enhancement of their Coin. Dutot fays, 
the Price of Bread, Corn, and Pro virions, 
is no greater now than in 1683 ; though 
in this laft Year the Mark of Silver was 
H 2 but 



( so 

but 27 Livres -(-, and now 50 are coined 
out of it. This Circumftance has rendered 
their Commodities fo cheap, that, as I have 
faid before, they underfell us, and engrofs 
all the Markets in the World from our 
Merchants ; and leave them only the Glean- 
ings of the plentiful Harveft they have 
reaped. 

It is likewife this Enhancement of their 
Coin, and the confequent Cheapnefs of their 
Commodities, which has enabled our Smug- 
glers to carry on fuch an advantageous 
Trade with them. If but 20 /. 5 s. were 
now coined out of their Mark of Silver of 
eight Ounces Troy Weight, which was 
the Cafe in the Year 1660, the French 
would not be able to fell a Gallon of Brandy 
under 5 s. Sterling, which now they can fell 
for 2 s. j nor a Pound of Tea under 7 s. 6d. 
Sterling, which they fell now for 3 s.; nor 
a Yard of filk Damafk under 12 s. 6 J. 
which now they fell for 5 s.-, nor a Yard of 
Cloth under 155. which they now fell for 



f When the Mark was at 20 Livres about 1660, 
Labour was dearer in Franct than in Eyigland. 

6s. 



( 53 ) 

6 s. only abating in the Manufactures, the 
Difference made in the Price of thofe Ma- 
nufactures, with Regard to the Raw-mate- 
rials, which cofl both French and EngliJJ) 
Men much the fame : Though it is faid 
their Raw-filk comes to them cheaper from 
their Turky Traders - 3 and their Wool ufed 
in their fine woollen Stuffs dearer from our 
Smugglers, than to us. 

But, tho' they have got the greatefl Part 
of the Trade to Spain from us, the Turky 
Trade, the Italian Trade, and great Part 
of the Eaji India-, the Northern and Cod 
Fifiery, and Fur Trade; yet they cannot 
be eafy, but mud attempt to rob us alfo of 
our Colonies ; our Trade to which is the 
only valuable Branch we have left, except 
that of Portugal, where the French ufe all 
imaginable Artifice ; and their very Ambaf- 
fador turns Pedlar tofupplant us. 

Here the Indignation of every Merchant, 
Manufacturer, Trader, Shopkeeper, Farmer, 
and Labourer in the Kingdom, ought to be 
awakened and roufed; our Trade to our 
Colonies in North America is of fo much 

Iaipor- 



( 54 ) 

Importance to each. The French are not 
fatisfied with the Enhancement of their 
Coin, and the Ufe of every other Artifice, 
to fupplant us in our Trade in every Market 
in the World ; but they ftrive to rob us 
alfo of our own Territories, and the Trade 
among our own People. They ufe their 
utmoft Endeavours to out us of our Domi- 
nions, which we have fairly purcha/ed, 
either by our Alliances, our Treafures, or 
our Arms, upon the Infraction of Trea- 
ties 5 and labour to alienate and corrupt 
our Indians by every Artifice and Stra- 
tagem. 

And what is all this Struggle for ? To 
make their People happy ? No, far from 
it ! it is to raife a Marine ! it is to acquire 
Riches by Commerce to extend their Con- 
quefts, and recover the Dominions of 
Charlemag?ie. 

TheimmediateDefign of tht French mthzir 
Encroachments upon ourTerritories mNorth» 
America, and in their Approaches towards 
our Colonies, is to open to themfelves a Com- 
munication through thofe Colonies to the 

Mif. 



( 55 ) 
Miflifippi and Canada. They regret the Ad- 
vantages we have in the Tobacco Trade, 
and intend to eftablifh Plantations for that 
Commodity in the fertile Plains between 
the River Mifjifppi* and our Settlements in 
Virginia ; though all thefe Lands belong 
to us. Their Geographers have been fo 
audacious, as to mark out in their Maps 
one of our Provinces as belonging to France. 
By this they aim at being freed from the 
tedious and dangerous Voyages, they are 
obliged to make by the Gulph of Mexico, 
and the River St. Laurence, before they 
can come to the Lakes of Canada, and the 
fertile Plains of Louifana, which are be- 
hind our Provinces from Philadelphia to 
Carolina. 

We muft acknowledge, that fuch a 
Communication would be as convenient 
for them, as dangerous to us, and there- 
fore we cannot be too much upon our 
Guard to prevent their Defigns. Le Blanc 
obferves to this Purpofe : That the French 
take great Quantities of Tobacco from Eng- 
land j but lie hopes the Wifdom of their Mi- 
?iijlry will foon provide a Remedy againjl 

thit 



( 56 ) 

this Inconvenience ; jince they know by Expe- 
rience, that they have Settlements in Louifana, 
where there are Lands as proper for Planta- 
tions of Tobacco, as thofe belongmg to the 
Englifh. 

If the French could once open a Paffagc 
for themfelves over-land, from Canada and 
the Mijjijippi, to the Sea-Coaft through our 
Colonies; they would foon extend them- 
felves Right and Left, and become as trou- 
blefome to us in America, as they have been 
to their Neighbours in Europe. Upon this 
Account we ought never to reft, never to 
fheath the Sword 'till we have driven them 
out of North- America ; becaufe it is im- 
poffible, that they fhould ever live peace- 
ably with us in it. 

The French know, that the Engli//j were 
the Soul of the grand Alliance ; and that 
the Chaftifement they met with from 1702 
to 17 1 2, was principally owing to our Va- 
lour and Conduct. They know, that we 
have been the principal Thorn in their Sides, 
and chief Obftacle in the Way of their 
Conqueft. And upon this Account they 

try 



r s7 ) 

try all Arts to impoverish and reduce us, by 
depriving us of our Fifheries, Colonies and 
Commerce. But as their Aim is Conqueft, 
they run amuck at all Mankind ; their. Hand 
is againjl every Man y and therefore every 
Mans Hand ought to be againjl them. 

From the Year 1702 to 171 2, though 
entrenched Chin-deep, and furrounded with 
Artillery, they conftantly fled before BritiJJj 
Courage. Let the Genius of Britain rife, 
let the Lion once more roar, and {hake his 
dreadful Mane, and he will again drive t: 
trembling Slaves like Deer before him. It 
is impoffible that cringing Slaves mould 
make courageous Soldiers. Vanity cannot 
raifefuch a Spirit, fuch a Fire, as an innate 
Senfe and Love of Freedom. We hope we 
mail again fet a Marlboro ', and the Fields of 
Blenheim and Ramillies before their Eyes, 
in the truly glorious Hero who impeded 
the Ruin plan'd for us, by them, in the 
late Rebellion ; and let us then fee how their 
vain Glory, and flavifh Hearts, will ftand 
it. Let us again rattle the Thunder of la 
Hogue in their Ears, by the noble Lord to 
whom theDirection, and furprizingly expe- 

I ditious 



(v5« ) 

ditious fitting out of our prefent very power- 
ful Naval Armament, are, according to the 
publick Voice, chiefly owing ; and fee how 
their daftardly Souls will fhudder. I hope our 
Adminiftration will never fuffer this Thun- 
der to fleep, whilft the French have a 
capital Ship remaining on the Ocean, or 
lying in their Harbours ; and may all true 
Britons fay Amen. When their Navy is 
blafted, we may foon drive them out of 
North- America, and make the Cod Fifhery 
and Fur Trade all our own, which by 
Right ought to have been fo long ago. 

If then we have any Regard for our holy 
Religion, any Love for Liberty, any Ten- 
dernefs for our Pofterity, or any Attention 
to our Trade and our Intereft, let us freely 
contribute for one Ten Year half our Income, 
to carry on a War for crufhing this ex- 
orbitant Monfter French Infolence, and 
French Power ; and in fo doing, we may 
be well afTured, we (hall fit down great 
Gainers in the End. 

FINIS. 



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