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oKo l/f ^ ^6,1"?) 

A 1 !^^ 


Given By 
Robert C. Vose Galleries 












Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1855, by 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. 



The Household Dictionary of Dr. Worcester, based upon the 
well-known Academic Dictionary of the distinguished author, will be 
found to contain in its extensive vocabulary some fifty thousand words 
succinctly defined, the pronunciation of which is indicated with that 
scrupulous accuracy for which Dr. Worcester's series of books have 
ever been noted. An important feature has been given to the work 
by bringing into view the principal synonymes of the language, — a fea- 
ture which it is believed will be of essential service to the reader in 
enabling him to understand the meaning and proper use of words. It 
has been rendered as complete as its limits would permit, with respect 
to all well-authorized English words, and also to all other words 
concerning which an English reader most needs information as to their 
orthography, pronunciation, or meaning. Thus, it comprises, in ad- 
dition to the common words of the language, numerous technical terms 
in the various arts and sciences, some words which are obsolete or 
antiquated but are found in books that are much read, some which are 
local or provincial, some which are peculiar to the United States, and 
a large number of such words and phrases from foreign languages 
as are often met with in English books. 

The definitions are necessarily concise, but they will be found com- 
prehensive and exact, and, in many instances, technical, obsolete, pro- 
vincial, and American uses of words are pointed out and explained. 

In adjusting the orthography of this Dictionary, attention has been 
paid to usage, etymology, and analogy ; and the matter of pronuncia- 
tion has been made a special object. A peculiar feature consists in 
the exhibition of authorities respecting words of various, doubtful, 
or disputed pronunciation ; and the work presents, in relation to this 
class of words, the modes in which they are pronounced by all the most 
eminent English orthoepists. With regard to the pronunciation of many 
of the words about which orthoepists differ, the mode which, according 
to the judgment of the author, is to be preferred has been indicated, 
and other modes are given enclosed within brackets and supported by 
their proper authority. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



Abbreviations and Signs 40 

Dictionary of the English Language 41 

Common Christian Names, with their Signification 455 

Abbreviations xtsed in "Writing and Printing 459 

Signs of Planets, Aspects, Zodiac, etc 464 

A Collection of Phrases and Quotations from the Latin, French, 

Italian, and Spanish Languages 465 

Principal Deities, Heroes, etc., in Greek and Eoman Fabulous 

History 484 



a. stands for Adjective. 

ad, Adverb. 

comp Comparative. 

conj Conjunction. 

i Imperfect Tense. 

interj Interjection. 

n Noun. 

p Participle. 

pp Participles. 

.p. a. Participial Adjective. 

pi Plural. 

prep Preposition. 

pron Pronoun. 

sing. Singular. 

superl Supetlative. 

V. a Verb Active. 

D. 71 Verb Neuter. 


S. stands for Sheridan. 

W, Walker. 

P Perry. 

J. Jones. 

E. Enfield. 

F. Fulton and Knight 

Ja Jameson. 

K. Knowles. 

Sm Smart 

R Reid. 

C. Craig. 

Wb Webster. 


'Ar. stands for Arabic. 

£ng English, or England. 

Fr. French. 

Ger German. 

Gr Greek. 

Heb Hebrew, 

It Italian. 

L Latin. 

Per Persian. 

Port Portuguese. 

Sax Saxon. • 

Scot Scotch. 

Sp Spanish, 

Turk Turkish. 

17. S. United States. 


.4noi. stands for Anatomy. 

Jlrch. Architecture. 

Astrol. ...... Astrology. 

Astron Astronomy. 

Bot Botany. 

Chem Chemistry. 

Chron Chronology. 

Conch Conchology. 

Elec Electricity. 

Ent Entomology. 

Fort Fortification. 

Geog Geography. 

Oeol Geology. 

Oeom Geometry. 

Oram Grammar. 

Her Heraldry. 

Ich. ........ Ichthyology. 

Law Law. 

Logic Logic. 

Math Mathematics. 

Mech Mechanics. 

Med Medicine. 

Min. Mineralogy. 

Mus. Music. 

Myth. ....... Mythology. 

J^aut Nautical or Marine AfiFaira. 

Opt Optics. 

Omith Ornithology. 

Phren. Phrenology. 

Rhet Rhetoric. 

Surg Surgery. 

Theol. Theology. 

Zo'dl Zoology. 

Shak Shakspeare. 


* . . Prefixed to two or more words that come 
under the same principle of pronunciation. 

f . . Prefixed to words, or meanings of words, that 
are obsolete or antiquated. 

[R.] Denotes "rarely used." 

^fCf" The figures occasionally annexed to the pro- 
nouncing words refer to paragraphs in the 
" Principles of Pronunciation.^' 

3^ Words printed in Italics, in the Vocabulary, (as 
calculus and naivcti,) are words which belong 
to foreign langttages, and are not properly 

55° Words printed in Italics, in the definitions, de- 
note a reference to such words fur a notice of 
the synonymous words connected with them. 
For example, in the definition of the word 
abdicate, the word abandon is referred to for a 
notice of the synonymes. 





A (pronounced ^ as a letter, but a. as a word.) The 
; first letter of the alphabet, and a vowel : — 
any ; one ; some ; each ; every. A is an article set 
before nouns of the singular number ; as, a man, 
a tree. It is also prefixed to nouns in the plural 
number, when preceded by the adjectives /ew and 

great many ; as, a few men, a great many men. 
efore words beginning with a vowel, or a vowel 
sound, it takes th'~ letter n after it, for the sake of 
euphony ; as, an ox, an hour. (See the word An ) 
A is placed before a participle or participial noun, 
and is considered as a contraction of at or on ; as, 
To go a hunting. It is also used as a prefix to 
many English words ; as, abed, asleep, aboard. 

Xb, a prefix to words of Latin origin, signifyiug/rom. 

ab'a-cIst, n. One who casts accounts. 

^-bXck', ad. (JVauU) Noting the situation of the 
sails when they are pressed against the masts. 

tAB'A-coT, n. Cap of state onco used in England. 

\ji-BA-c' TOR, n. [L.] One who steals cattle in 

AB'A-cus,n. [L.] A bench ; a sideboard ; a count- 
ing-table : — the uppermost member of a column. 

/A.-BAFT',ad. (JSTaut.) Towards the stern of a vessel. 

fA-BJ.l'SANCE (a-ba's9ns), 7i. A bow ; obeisance. 

Ab-al'IEN-ate' (ab-al'yen-at), v. a. (Law.) To 
transfer one's property to another ; to alienate. 

AB-AL-inN-A'TIpN(ab-dl-yen-a's.hun),?(. The act 
of abalienatmg ; transfer ; alienation. 

j\-BAK'DON, V. a. To give up ; to quit ; to forsake ; 
to desert ; to loavo ; to relinquish ; to resign ; to 
renounce ; to abdicate ; to surrender : to forego. 

Sijn. — Cad parents aJa;»rfoB their children ; men 
abandon the unfortunate objects of their guilty pas- 
sions ; men are abandoned by their friends ; they 
abandon themselves to unlawful pleasures. — A 
mariner abandons his vessel and cargo in a storm ; 
wo abandon our houses and property to an invad- 
ing army ; wo desert a post or station ; leave the 
country ; forsake companions ; relinquish claims ; 
quit business ; resign an office ; renounce a profes- 
sion, or the world ; abdicate a throne ; surrender a 
town ; surrender what we have in trust ; we aban- 
don a measure or an enterprise ; forego a claim or 
a pleasure. 

;A-BAN'DpNED (?-ban'dund), p. a. Given up j for- 
saken,- corrupted in tlie highest degree. 

;\-BXN-coN-iiE', ?i. (Law.) One to whom some- 
thing is abandoned. 

A-bXn'd5N-5r, Tu One who abandons. 


A-bXn'don-Kng, m. Act of leaving or forsaking^' 

A-Ban'don-MENT, K. The act of abandoning. -, 

tAB-AN-Nl"TipN (ab-an-ish'un), n. A banishment 

t A-bAre', v. a. To make bare, uncover, disclose. 

AB-AR-Tic-v-LA'TipN, n. (Aiiat.) A movable ar- 
ticulation ; diarthrosis. 

A-BASE',u.a. Tohumble; to depress ; to bring low. 

A-base'ment, n. Act of abasing ; humiliation ; de- 
pression ; degradation ; debasement. 

Syn. — Abasement is the passage downwards ; 
baseness the state of being low. An act of humili- 
ation or seK-abasement ; depression of spirits ; deg- 
radation of rank ; debasement of the character, or 
of coin. 

A-BiSH', V. a. To make ashamed ; to confuse ; to 
confound. It generally implies a sudden impres- 
sion of shame, in a bad sense. 

Syn. — Abash expresses more than confound, and 
confound more than confuse. Shame abashes ; any 
sudden or unaccountable thing confounds ; "while 
bashfulness and a variety of emotions may tend 
to confuse. Let the haughty be abashed ; the igno- 
rant, the superstitious, and the wicked are often 
confounded ; the modest, the diflident, and the weak 
arc frequently confused. 

A- BASH' ME NT, 71. Great shame J confusion. 

A-BAT'A-BLE, 0. That may be abated. 

A-BATE', V. a. To lessen ; to diminish ; to reduce ; 
to remit. — (Law.) To put an end to ; to defeat. 

A-BATE', V, n. To grow less ; to decrease ; to di- 
minisli ; to lessen ; to subside. 

Syn. — The storm abates ; pain, ardor, anger, and 
passion abate ; a thing grows less, diminishes, or de- 
creases in size or quantity ; numbers, days, or stores 
decrease ; tumults and commotions subside ; fevers 

A-bate'ment, n. The act of abating : decrease. 

A-eat'er, 71. Theperson or thing that abates. 

AB'A-Tis(ah'^-nsora.b'A-X5'),7i. [Fr.] (Mil.) An 
intrenchment formed by trees felled and laid to- 
gether for a defence. 

J\-BA'TQR,n. (Law.) One who abates ; one who, 
without right, intrudes into a freehold. 

Abb, tu The yam on a weaver's warp. 

Ali' BA, n. A Syriac word, which signifies /a^Aer. 

Xb'b.^-CY, 71. The rights and privileges of an abbot. 

Ar-BA'TIAL. (fib-ba'shal), a. Relating to an abbey. 

Xb' BE, 71. [Fr.] An abbot ; an ecclesiastical title, 
without office or duty annexed. 

Xb'bess, 71. The governess of an abbey or a nunnery. 

A, E, I, O, ff, Y, long ; X, fi, 1 , 5, 0, ?, short ; A, E, I, p, V, V, oiscure.— fArE, FAR, fAsT, ALL; HfeiR, IIER; 
UiErUSi'R; MOVE, NbR,s6N J BClL, BUR, rOlE.— ?, (^t, g, S()/l!; jE, £}, £,|, Aard; §asZj :^asgz: mr ; 




Xb'bey, n. ; pi. Xb'bey^. A priory ; a monas- 
tery ; a convent J a cloister: — a church attached 
to a convent. 

Syn. dbbey, priory, monastery, cloister, convent, 

and nunnery are all used to denote religious houses, 
common in Catholic countries. Abbey has been 
used to denote a religious house of the highest 
rank. Priories were formerly regarded as subordi- 
Eate to abbeys ; but latterly there is generally 
Ii'.tle or no difference. The propei idea of a clois- 
ter is seclusion, and it may include devotees of 
either sex. Monastery denotes solitude, and is 
commonly appropriated to monks. A convent, of 
which the leading idea is community, is the resi- 
dence of monks or nuns. A nunnery is a house 
for nuns or femalo devotees. 

Xb'BQT, n. The chief of an abbey or convent. 

Xb'bot-shTp, n The state or office of an abbot. 

SBBREUroiR (ab-ru-vwor'), n. See Abreuvoir. 

AB-BRe'vi-ATE [ab-brS've-at, W. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. 
C. ; ab-br5'vyat, S. £. ; ab-brev'e-at, P.],D. a. To 
shorten by contraction of parts ; to contract. 

4^B-BRE-vi-a'tion, 71. Act of abbreviating ; con- 
traction :-— the initial letter or lettorij of a word. 

j^B-BRE'vi-A-TQR [sib-brS've-a-tor, Ja. K. Sm. JVb. ; 
5ib-bre-ve-a'tor, JV. J. F. ; ab-brev-ya'tor, S. ,• 
Eib-brev'e-a-tor, P.], n. One who abbreviates ; 

^B-bre'vi-A-TO-ry, a. Shortening; contracting. 

iA.B-BRE'vi-A-TORE,?i. Abbreviation; abridgment. 

A, B, c. The alphabet ; a little book. 

Xb'di-cXnt, a. Abdicating ; renouncing. 

Xb'di-cant, 71. One who abdicates. Smart. 

Xb'dj-cate, v. a. To resign ; to renounce ; to give 
up a right ; to abandon : — tt. deprive of a right. 

Xb'di-cate, v. 71. To resign an office. 

Xb-DJ-ca'tion, n. Act of abdicating ; resignation. 

Xb'DI-CA-TIVE [ab'de-ku-tiv, W, J. F. Ja. Sm. i gb- 
dik'a-tiv, S. E. P.],'a. Abdicating. 

fXB'Dl-TlVE, a. Having the power of hiding. 

Xb'DI-to-ry, n. (Law.) A place to hide goods in. 

;\B-do'men [ab-do'men, S. W. J. E. F. .Ja. K. Sm. ; 
Eib-do'men or ab'do-men, P. fVb.], n. [L.] L. pi. 
ab-dom' i-NA ; Eng. ab-d6'men§. The lower 
venter or belly, between thr diaphragm and pelvis. 

AB-d6m'i-nal, a. Relating to the abdomen. 

AB-d6m'i-nal, n. One of an order of fishes. 

.Ab-dom'tn-ous, a. Large-bellied ; abdominal. 

Ab-DUCE', v. a. To draw from ; to separate. 

Ab-du'cent, a. Drawing away; pulling back. 

^B-DiJc'TlON, n. Act of abducing : — act of tak- 
ing away a woman or other person by force. 

;\B-Di5c'TpR, 71. [L.] A muscle that draws back. 

A-BEAr'ance (a-bAr'9ns), n. (Law.) Behavior. 

a-be-ce-da'ri AN, 71. A teacher or a learner of 
the alphabet. 

A-BiJD', ad. In bed or on the bed. 

A-bele', n. The white poplar. 

Ab-er'ratstce, 71. A deviation from right. 

^B-er'ran-CY, 71. Same as aberrance. 

fAB-i3R'RANT, a. Deviating from the right way. 

Xb-er-ra'tiqn, 7t. The act of deviating ; error. 

fAB-ER'RiNG, p. a. Going astray ; erring. 

A-B13T', V. a. To set on ; to aid ; to encourage ; 
to instigate, as in some criminal act. 

f A-bet'ment, n. The act of abetting. 

A-B)St'ter, 71. One who abets. 

/^-Bet'tor, 71. (Law.) One who abets ; an ac- 

Syn. — Abettors propose, set on foot, encourage ; 
accessaries take a subordinate part, assist, aid, 
help, further ; accomplices take an active part, 
execute, complete, perfect. 

/A-BEY'ance (a-ba'fins), n. (Law.) Reversion ; 
expectation of possession hereafter. 

fXB'GRE-GATE, V. a. To lead out of the flock. 

iAb-hor', ?). a. To hate with acrimony ; to detest ; 
to abominate ; to loathe. 

Syn. — We abhor cruelty and inhumanity ; hate 
pride and vice of all sorts ; hate an oppressor ; 
abominate impiety, profaneness, and indecency ; 

loathe the sigut of offensive objects, and whea 

sick, food. 
Ab-h6r'rence, 71. Act of abhorring ; detestation. 
AB-H6R'RENT,a. Struck with abhorrence ; odious; 

contrary to ; foreign ; inconsistent wi^h. 
Ab-hor'rent-ly, ad. In an abhorrent manner. 
Ab-hor'rer, 71. One who abhors ; a detester. 
a' BfB, n. The first month of the Jewish year. 

A-BIDE',D. 71. [i. ABODE ; p^. ABIDING, ABODE.] TO 

stay in a place ; to dwell ; to reside ; to sojourn. 

Syn. ilbide for a night ; stay a while ; sojourn 

for a week or a month ; dwell in a house with 
continuance ; reside in a street or a house for a 

A-BIDE', v. a. To wait for ; to support ; to suffer. 

A-bId'er, n. One who abides in a place. 

A-BlD'lNG, n. Continuance ; stay. 

A-BfL'l-TY, 71. State of being able ; power to do 
anything ; capacity : — pi. the faculties of the mind. 
Syn. — Ability to discern, act, execute, mentally 
or corporeally ; ingenuity of invention ; capacity to 
understand, comprehend, retain ; talent for some 
particular art, office, nr profession : faculty ot see- 
ing, hearing, understanding, explaining ; power of 
thinking, acting, &c. ; dexterity to elude a blow, to 
handle an instrument ; skill in executing ; address 
to conduct a negotiation. — He had great abilities, 
and parts to discern. 

lb in-V'ti-o (-Tsh-), [L.] From the beginning. 

AB-iN-Ti3S'TATE, a. (Law.) Inheriting from one 
who died without making a will. 

AB'JECT, a. Mean; low; despicable; vile; base. 

f AB' JECT, n. A base or vile person ; a wretch. 

AB-ject'ED-NESS, n. The state of an abject. 

Ab-jec'tion, 71. Want of spirit ; baseness. 

Xb'ject-ly, ad. In an abject manner ; basely. 

Xb'JECt-ness, n. Abjection ; meanness. 

tAB-iu'Di-cAT-ED,y. a. Given by judgment, [is.] 

Ab-ju-dj-ca'tion, 71. Rejection. 

XB-JV-RA'TIpN,7^. Act of abjuring ; renunciation. 

Ab-ju'ra-TO-ry, a. Relating to abjuration. 

Ab-jOre', v. a. To renounce upon oath ; to aban- 
don ; to retract or recant solemnly ; to revoke ; 
to recall. 

Ab-jur'er, 71. One who abjures or recants. 

fAB-LXc'TATE, V. a. To wean from the breast. 

XB-LAC-TA'TipN,7i. Act of weaning: — a method 
of grafting by approach ; inarching. 

Ab-la-que-a'tiqn (ab-la-kwe-a'shun), n. Act of 
opening the ground about the roots of trees. 

Ab-la'tion, 7z. Act of taking away. \_R.\ 

ab'la-tive, a. That takes away. — (Oram.) A 

_ term applied to the sixth case of Latin nouns. 

a'ble (a'bl), a. Having strong faculties, or great 
strength ; having power or skill ; capable ; skilful. 

a'ble-BOD-iED (a'bl-bod-id), a. Strong of body. 

I^Xb'le-gate, v. a. To send abroad ; to depute. 

a'ble-ness, 71. State of being able ; ability. 

Xb'lep-sy, 71. Want of sight; blindness. 

Xb'lu-ent, 71. That which washes clean. 

Xb'LV-ent, a. Washing clean , purifying. 

Ab-lu'tion (ab-lu'shyn),7i. Act of cleansing with 

_ water ; act of washing : — a religious purificatioik 

a'bly, ad. In an able manner ; with ability. 

Xb-ne-ga'TIQN, 71. Denial ; renunciation. 

Xb'ne-ga-tpr, n. One who denies or renounces. 

Ab-nor'mal, a. Contrary to rule ; irregular. 

A-board' (a-bord'), ad. On board ; in a ship. 

A-b6de', n. Habitation ; dwelling ; stay. 

A-bode', i. & p. Prom Abide. 

f A-bode', v. a. To foreshow ; to bode. Shalt. 

IA-bode'ment, n. A secret anticipation. Sliak. 

fXB'Q-LETE, a. Old; out of use ; oli.-iolcte. 

A-bol'ish, v. a. To annul ; to repeal ; to cancel. 
Syn. — Institutions and customs are abolished ; a 
contract or obligation, annulled ; laws, repealed or 
abrogated; edicts or promises, revoked; debts, can- 

A-Bol'ish-A-BLE, a. That may be abolished. 

A-b6l'ish-er, n. One who abolishes. 

A-Bol,' jsH-MiiNT, 71. Act of abolishing ; abolition. 

it, E, I, o, u, Y, long; X, £, t 6, t5, $, short; A, ]E, I, q, v, y, obscure.— FkRV, FAR, fXst, Xll; h£ir,HER; 




Jb-Q Lf'TlON (ab-o-Hsh'un), ?i. Act of abolish- 
ing state of being abolislied ; destruction. 

Xb-o-li"ti9N-i§m, n. The principles of the abo- 

Xb-p-lT"tion-ist (ab-o-lTsh'un-ist), n. One who 
favorsabolition, especially of slavery. 

Xb-<?-Ma'sijm, ) 78. The lowest or fourth stomach 

Xb-P-ma'sus, \ of a ruminating animal. 

A b6m'i-na-ble, a. Hateful ; detestable ; odious. 
Syn. — An abominable action ; a detestable (worse 
than abominable) action ; an execrable tyrant j a 
hateful vice ; an odious tax. 

A-b6m'i-na-ble-ness, n. Hatefulness. 

A-BOM'j-NA-BLY, ad. Hatefully ; detestably. 

A-BOM'i-NATE, V. a. To hate utterly ; to detest 
with strong aversion ; to execrate ; to abhor. 

A-bom-i-na'tion, n. Hatred ; detestation ; the 
object of hatred : — pollution ; defilement. 

Xb Q-Rl(j'l-NAL, a. Original; primitive; pristine. 

XB-o-RT(^'i-NAL, n. An original inhabitant. 

^jB-p-JJ/jS'/-iV£4.' (ab-o-rij'e-nSz), 71. y/. [L.] The 
earliest inhabitants of a country. 

fA-BoRT', V. n. To miscarry in childbirth. 

A-BOR'TION, 71. Miscarriage; untimely birth. 

A-BOR'tive, a. Being brought forth before the due 
time; immature: — failing or miscarrying. 

A bor'tive-ly, arf. Imniaturely; untimely. 

A-bor'tive-ness, 71. State of being abortive. 

fA-BORT'MENT, 77. An untimely birth ; abortion. 

A-bo(jnd', v. n. To be or have in great plenty. 

A-BOUT', prep. Round; encircling; near; near 
to ; concerning ; with regard to ; relating to. 

A-BoOt', ad. Circularly ; nearly ; liere and there. 

jA.-b6ve' (a-biiv'), prep. In a higher place; more 
than ; higher than ; too high for ; beyond. 

A-bove' (a-buv'), arf- Overhead ; in a higher place ; 
in tlie regions of heaven : — before. 

^-bove'-board (51-buv'bord), ad. Upon deck or 
board ; in open sight : — without artifice or trick. 

Ab-ra-ca-dab' RA, n. A Syrian deity : — a caba- 
listic word ; a superstitious charm. 

A-brade', v. a. To rub off; to waste by degrees. 

A-BR a'^ion (a-bra'zhun), 71. Act of rubbing otf. 

A-breast' (a-brest'), ad. Side by side. 

fXB-RE-NUN ci-a'tiqn, 77. Renunciation. 

fAB-REp'TlON, 71. The act of carrying away. 

SBRBUVOlR(ja.b-ru-v\\''6x'),n. [Fr.] A watering- 
place : — a joint between stones to be filled up 
with mortar. 

A-brTdcj^e', v. a. To make shorter in words ; to 
contract ; to dimii.ish : — to deprive of. 

A-brTd^t'er, 71. One who abridges ; a shortener. 

A-BRID^'ment, n. Contraction of a work into a 
smaller compass ; compendium ; epitome. 

Syn. — Compendium, compend, and epitome are 
used as nearly synonymous witli abridgment, and 
are applied to performances which give a concise 
view of some science or matter. Summary and 
abstract are comprehensive abridgments ; as, a 
summary of history ; an abstract of an act of Con- 
gress. Synopsis denotes such an abridgment as 
brings all the parts of a subject under one view. 

A-BROAch' (a-broch'), v. a. To set abroach. 

A-Br6ach', ad. In a posture for flowing out. 

4i.-BROAD' (a-brawd', 4G), ad. Without confine- 
ment ; widely ; at large ; from, home ; out of the 
house ; in another country. 

XB'RO-GATE,tj. a. To repeal ; to annul ; to abolish. 

Xb-ro-ga'tion, 71. Act of abrogating ; repeal. 

■f A-Br66d', ad. In the act of brooding. 

AB-rOpt', a. Broken; craggy; unconnected: — 
sudden ; without the proper or usual preparatives. 

AB-rDp'tion, n. Violent and sudden separation. 

Ab-rDpt'LV, ad. Hastily ; suddenly ; ruggedly. 

Ab-rDpt'ness, 77. State of being abrupt. 

Xb'scEss ^ab'ses), n. A tumor filled with pus. 

Ab-scind' (?b-sind'), V. a. To cut off. 

XB'sciss (iib'sis), 71. Same as abscvisa. 

JlB-ScTs' SA,n.; pi. AJi-.'iC/s' s.Ji. [L.] (Oeom.) 
A segment cut off from a straight line. 

i\B-scl§'§IpN (fib-sizh'un) [ab-slzli'un, JV. J. F. 

Ja. K. Sm. ,' ab-sTsh'un, S. P.], 71., Act of cutting 
off ; state of being cut off. 

Ab-sc6nd', v. n. To hide one's self; to disappear. 

Ab-sc6nd'er, n. One who absconds. 

Xb'sence,77. State of being absent: — inattention. 

Xb'sent, a. Not present : — inattentive in mind. 
Syn. — Absent friends. A man is absent, ab- 
stracted, or inattentive in mind, when his mind 13 
occupied on some subject not connected with the 
company present. 

Ab-sent'j^t;. a. To keep away ; to withdraw. 

ab-sen-tee', 71. One absent from his statioiu 

Xb-sen-tee'i^M, 71. State of beuig absent. 

AB-siiNT'ER, n. One wlio absents himself. 

fAB-SENT'MENT, 71. The State of being absent. 

Ab-sIn'THI-^n, a. Of the nature of wormwood. 

Ab-sin'thi-at-ed, p. a. Containing wormwood 

JiB-siN' TUi-UM,n. [L.l Wormwood. 

jAB-sIST', V. n. To stand off; to leave off. 

Xb'sq-lute, a. Unconditional; not relative: — 
not limited ; despotic : — positive ; peremptory. 

Syn.^ Absolute or uncmiditioiial promise; abso- 
lute or unlimited space : — absolute sovereign ; des- 
potic power; arbitrary n\ea.sures : — positive good 
or fact ; peremptory refusal. 

Xb'so-lOte-ly, ad. Completely ; unconditionally. 

Xb'so-lOte-ness, 77. Completeness ; despotism. 

AB-sp-Lu'Tl9N,77. The act of absolving ; acquittal. 

AB'so-LU-Ti§M, 77. Absolute government. 

AB-SOL'y-TO-RY [ab-sol'u-tur-y, W. J. E. F. Ja. 
Sm.; ab'so-lu-to-re, S. P.], a. That absolves. 

AB-s6l'va-to-ry, a. Relating to pardon; for- 

Ab-§6l,ve' (ab-zolv'), v. a. To free from guilt, 
or from an engagement ; to acquit ; to clear. 

Syn. — Absolved from sin by the mercy of God ; 
acquitted of a charge by men. 

Ab-s6lv'er, 71. One who absolves. 

f AB'sp-NOus, a. Unmusical : — contrary to reason, 

AB-sorb', jj. a. To imbibe ; to swallow np. 

Ab-s6bb'a-ble, a. That may be absorbed. 

Ab-sorb'ent, 71. Medicine that dries up. 

Ab-sobb'ent, a. Having the power of absorbing, 

Ab-sorpt', jj. Swallowed up ; absorbed. 

Ab-s6rp'tipn, n. Act of absorbing, swallowing, 
sucking up, or engrossing. 

Ab-sorp'tive, a. Having power to absorb. 

Ab-stain', v. n. To keep from ; to forbear. 

Ab-ste'mi-pCs, a. Abstinent; temperate; sober. 
Syn. — A man may be temperate and sober, yet 
not abstemious or abstinent. 

AB-STE'Mi-otJs-LY, od. Temperately; soberly. 

AB-STE'Mi-oiJS-Niss, 77. Abstinence. 

fAB-STEN'TipN, 77. The act of restraining. 

Ab-sterge', v. a. To cleanse by wiping ; to wipe. 

Ab-ster'9ENT, o. Having a cleansing quality. 

f AB-STi3RSE', V. a. To cleanse ; to absterge. 

a'b-ster'sion, 71. The act of cleansing. 

Ab-ster'sive, a. Having the quality of cleansing. 

Xb'sti-nence, 77. Forbearance of necessary food. 
Syn. — In abstinence and abstemiousness there is 
self-denial ; in temperance and sobriety, wisdom 
and decorum. 

Xb'sti-nent, a. Using abstinence ; abstemious. 

Xb'stJ-nent-ly, ad. In an abstinent manner. 

fAB-STORT'ED, a. Wrung from -another by vio- 

Ab-strXct', v. a. To take from ; to separate, 

Xb'STrXct [ab'strakt, S. P. Ja. K. Sm. fVb. ; Ah- 
strakt', JV.],a. Separate ; disjoined ; refined ; pure. 

XB'sTRACT,7t. A concise abridgment; an epitome; 
summary. See Abridoment. 

Ab-strXct'ed, p. a. Separated; disjoined. 

Ab-strXct'ed-ly, at/. In an abstracted manner. 

Ab-strXct'ed-nI;ss, 71 State of being abstracted. 

Ab-stbXct'er, 77. One who abstracts. 

Ab-strXc'tion, 77. Act of abstracting ; state ot 
being abstracted ; separation : . — inattention. 

Ab-rtrXc'Tive, a. Having the power of ab, 

AB-STKAc'TiVE-Ly,arf. In an abstractive manner. 

m1en,SIR; m6ve,NOR, s5n; bOll, B(JR,RtLE. — 9,9, g,so/f, •«!,«, s,g,/iard/^ as z; 3f (wgz: THIS. 




Xb 8trXct-ly, ad. In an abstract manner. 

Ab" stract-ness, n. State of being abstract. 

AB-STRtlSE', a. Obscure ; difficult; not plain. 

Ab-strOse'ly, ad. Obscurely ; not plainly. 

AB-STRttsE'NESS, n. Difficulty ; obscurity. 

fAB-STRtl'si-TY, 71. Abstruseness. 

|Ab-sume', v. a. To waste gradually ; to eat up, 

^B-siJRD', a. Contrary to manifest truth ; unrea- 
sonable ; inconsistent ; preposterous. 

Syn. Absurd opinion ; unreasonable request ; 

inconsistent statement ; preposterous desire. 

AB-siJRD'i-T¥, re. Quality of being absurd ; folly. 

Ab-sijrd'ly, ad. In an absurd manner. 

Ab-surd'ness, iu The quality of being absurd. 

A-bOn'dance, re. Grea.t plenty ; exuberance. 

A-Bun'dant, a. Plentiful ; exuberant ; ample. 

A-BtjN'DANT-LY, ad. Plentifully ; exuberantly. 

^-bu§e' (Ei-buz', 91), V. a. To make an ill uae 

' of : — to violate ; to defile : — to impose upon : — 
to revile ; to vilify. 

4^-BijSE' (51-bus', 91), re. Ill use; a corrupt prac- 
tice: — unjust censure; rude reproach; con- 
tumely ; invective. 

A-bOs'er, re. One who abuses or uses ill. 

^-Bu'siVE, a. Containing abuse ; reproachful ; 
scurrilous ; insolent ; rude. 

A-BC'siVE-LY, ad. By a wrong use ; reproachfully. 

1^ EU SlVE-NESS, re. The quality of being abusive. 

i^-BiJT', V. n. To end at ; to meet ; to border 

A-BiJT'MENT, re. That which borders upon an- 
other : — a mass of masonry at the end of a bridge. 

ft.-T3DT'TAl,, re. The butting or boundary of land. 

A-BY§M' (a-bizm'), M. Same as abyss. 

^-BYSS', re. A depth without bottom ; a gulf. 

^-Ca'ci-a (?-ka'she-a), re. [L.] L. pi. A-ca'- 
Cl-Js) Eng. A-cX'ci-A§. A drug: — a shrub. 

fSc-A-DE'Ml-AL, a. Academical. 

Xc-A-DE'MI-AN, re. A member of an academy. 

Sc-a-dEm'ic, a. Relating to an academy or uni- 
versity ; academical. 

Xc-A-dem'ic, re. A memberof an academy or uni- 
versity : — an academic philosopher. 

Xc-A-DEM'J-CAL, a. Belonging to an academy. 

Ac-A-DEM'i-CAL-LY, ad. In an academical man- 

j\-cad-E-m'I"cian (a-kad-e-mish'an), re. A mem- 
ber of an academy. 

fA-cXD'E-Ml^M, re. The academical philosophy. 

A-cXd'e-mist, re. A member of an academy; an 
academic philosopher ; an academic. [R.\ 

.A.-cXd'e-my [a-kad'e-me, P. J. F. E. Ja. K. Sm. 
Wb. ; 51-kad'e-me or ak'a-dem-e, S. W.], re. Pla- 
to's school of philosophy : — a society of men 
associated for the promotion of some art : — a sem- 
inary of learning ; a grammar school. 

Xc-A-NA'CEOys (-shus), a. Having prickles. 

JI-c'Xn' THUS, re. [L.] L. pi. a-can'thi; Eng. 
a-cXn'thus-e§. a spiny plant or shrub. 

^^-cXt-a-lec'tic, re. A verse which has the com- 
plete number of syllables, without excess. 

Jl CAT-A-LEP'SI-A,n. [Gr.] Acatalepsy. 

A-cXt-a-l£p'sy, re. Incomprehensibility. 

A cXt-a-lep'tic, a. Incomprehensible. 

AcAU'LlNE, / „ . . . „ 

A CAU'Loys; I "■ H*^'"g "° ^t^™ ""^ ^*^1'^- 

Ac-cede' (ak-sed'), v. re. To be added to ; to com- 
ply with ; to come to ; to assent. 

AC-ci5L'ER-ATE, V. a. To hasten ; to quicken. 

Ac-CL:i.-ER-A'TiON,re. A hastening; a quickening. 

Ac-CEE'ER-A-TIVE, a. Increasing velocity. 

Ac-c12N-di-bTl'i-ty, re. Inflammability. 

Ac-cen'd'i-ble, a. That may be inflamed. 

tAc-cfiN'siQN, re. The act of kindling. 

Xc'CENT, re. Modulation of the voice in speaking ; 
as the native or foreign accent: — a stress of voice 
on a certain syllable : — a mark to direct the mod- 
ulation of the voice. See Emphasis. 

i^C-CENT',». a. To express or note the accent ; to 
place the accent on ; to accentuate. 

^c-CENT'ED, p. a. Having the accent. 

Ac-cEnt'or, n. One who sings the highest part. 

Ac-CENT'u-AE (ak-sent'yu-ail), a. Rhythmical, 
relating to accent. 

Ac-c£nt'v-ate, V, a. To place the accent on. 

Ac-cent-v-a'tion, re. Act of placing the accent. 

Ac-cept',?). a. To take; to receive : — to agree ta 

Ac-CEPT-A-BiL'I-TY, «. Acceptableness. 

*Ac-c£pt''A-BLE [ak-sep'ta-bl, P. Ja. K. Sm. WT>. 
Johnson, Ash, Dycjie, Barclay ; Sk'sep-ta-bl, ■S. W 
J. E. F. R. C], a. Likely to be accepted, wel. 
come ; grateful ; pleasing. 

*Ac-CEPT'A-Bl.E-NESS, re. The quality of being, 

*Ac-cept'a-bly, ad. In an acceptable manner. 

Ac-CEPT'ance, re. Reception; acceptation. — 
{Com.) The subscribing of a bill: — a bill sub- 

Xc-CEP-TA'TlpN, re. Reception; acceptance: 

the received meaning of a word. 

Ac-cfiPT'ER, re. One that accepts. 

Ac-CESS' or Xc'CESS [ak-ses', W. P. J. F. Sm.; 
ak'ses, S. E. K. ; ak'ses or ak-ses', Ja.], re. Ap- 
proach ; admission: — addition; increase. 

*Xc'CEs-SA-Ri-LY, ad. In the manner of an acces- 

*Xc'CES-SA-RY [5k'ses-sa-re, S. W. P. J. E. F. Ja, 
K. Sm.; gik-ses'sj-re, Bailey, Ash], a. Contribut- 
ing to a crime : — written both accessary and ac- 

*Xc'cES-SA-RY, re. (Law.) One who contributes 
to or participates in a crime, though not present 
at the commission of it ; accessory. See Abettor. 

Ac-CES-Sj-BiL'l-TY, n. State of being accessible. 

Ac-CES'si-BEE, a. That may be approached. 

Ac-CES'sioN (ak-sesh'un), re. Act of coming to; 
approach : — enlargement ; augmentation ; addi- 
tion ; increase. 

Ac-CES'siON-AL, a. Additional ; added. 

Xc-CEs-s6'Ri-AL, a. Relating to an accessory, 

*Xc'cES-so-Ri-LY, ad. In the manner of an ac. 

*Xc'cES-so-RY [ak'ses-so-re, S. W. P. J. E. F.Ja. 
K. Sm. R, ; ^k-ses'sp-re, Bailey, Ash], a. Con- 
tributing to a crime ; accessary : — joined to ; ad- 

*Xc'CES-sp-RY, re. (Law.) One who participates 
in a crime ; accessary. See Accessary. 

Xc'ci-DENCE, n. A little book containing the first 
rudiments of grammar. 

Xc'ci-DfiNT, re. A property or quality of a being 
not essential to it : — a fortuitous event ; casualty. 

Xc-ci-DEN'TAL, re. A property non-essential. 

Xc-ci-DEN'TAL, a. Having the quality of an acci- 
dent ; non-essential : — casual ; fortuitous ; con- 

Syn. — Accidental is opposed to what is designed 
or planned ; incidental, to what is premeditated ; 
casual, to what is constant and regular ; contingent, 
to what is definite and fixed. An accidental or 
fortuitous circumstance ; an incidental remark ; a 
casual occurrence ; a contingent event. 

X.c-CI-den'tal-LY, ad. Casually; fortuitously. 

Xc-ci-DEN'TAL-NESS,re. State of being accidental. 

fAc-ClP'l-ENT, re. A receiver. 

Ac-claim', v. n. To give applause ; to applaud. 

Ac-claim', re. A shout of praise ; acclamation. 

Xc-CLA-MA'TipN, re. Shout of applause ; applause. 

Ac-CLXm'A-tq-ry, a. Pertaining to acclamation. 

Ac-clI'mate, v. a. To inure to a climate ; to ac- 
climatize. [Modem.] 

Xc-cli-ma'tiqn, re. Act of acclimating. < 

Xc-cli'ma-tize, v. a. To inure or adapt to a cli4 
matej to acclimate. Brands. [Modern.] 

Ac-cli'MA-TURE, re. Acclimation. , 

Ac-CLlv'l-TY, re. Steepness reckoned upwards : — 
as the ascent of a hill is the acclivity, the descent 
is the declivity. 

Ac-CLl'voys, a. Rising with a slope. 

fAC-CLOY', V. a. To fill up ; to cloy. See Cloy. 

tAc-colL' (ftk-kijil'), ». re. See Coil. 

X'c-cp-LADE' or Xc-CP-lXde' [ak-9-lad', K. R, 

A, E, i , 6, tj, Y, long ; X, £, T, 6, 0, 1?, short ; a, E, j, p, y, V , obscure. — fAre, far, fXst, All; h£ir, herj 




»r5.!5k-o-lad', Sni.],?i. [Fr.l A blow : — acere- 
mony used in conterriiig knighthood. 

fXc'CQ-LENT, 71. A borderer. 

Ac-COM'MQ-DA-BLE, a. Tliat may be fitted. [iJ.] 

Ac-coM'MQ-DATE, V. a. To supply with: — to 
adapt j to fit ; to adjust ; to serve. 

Ac-c6m'mo-date, a. Suitable; fit; adapted. 

Ac-COM'MQ-DATELV, arf. Suitably ; fitly. [R.] 

Ac-CoM'Mp-DATE-NESS, 71. Fitness. [jK.J 

Ac-c6m;'mo-dat ING, p. a. Disposed to oblige. 

Ac-coM-MO-DA'TioN, n. Provision of convenien- 
ces: — fitnessj adjustment: — reconciliation. 

Ac-c6m-MO-da'ti9N BlL,L,n. A bill ot exchange 
given as an accommodation, instead of money. 

Ac-c6m'MO-da-tqr, n. One who accoiiiniodates. 

Ac-c6m'PA-ni-er, n. One who accompanies. 

AccoM'PA-Ni-MiJNT (ak kum'pfi-ne inent), n. 
That which attends a thing or person. 

Ac-c6m'pa-nTst, 71. (Mus.) One who performs 
an accompanying part. 

Ac-COM'pa-nv (ak-kum'pa-ne), ». a. To attend; 

' to go along with : to associate with. 

Sijtu — Accompanied by friends ; attended by ser- 
vants ; escorted by troops. 

Ac-COM'PLICE, 7j. {Law) An associate, iii an ill 
sense ; one concerned in a crime ; an abettor. 

Ac-coM PLjsil, V. a. To complete, to execute; 
to fulfil ; to obtain : — to adorn or furnish. 

Ac-c6m'plish-a ble, a. That may be executed. 

.AC-com'plIshed. (ak komphsht), p. a. Fin- 
ished , complete in some qualification ; elegant. 

Syn. — Accomplished coniinonly refers to ac'iuired 
qualifications. An accomplished scholar ; an ac- 
complislied, polite, or fashionable gentleman or lady ; 
elegant manners ; a complete or finished perloriii ■ 

Ac-com'plisii-er, n. One who accomplishes. 

Ac-coM'PLlsH-.viENT, 71. Completion: full per- 
formance: — ornament of mind or body. 

fAc-COWPT' (ak kduiit'). 77. See Account. 

Ac-COMPT'ANT (ak-kdunt'?nt), ti. A reckoner; 
accountant. See Accountant. 

Ac-cord', v. a. To make agree ; to compose. 

Ac-cord', v. n. To agree ; to harmonize. 

Ac-cord', n. A compact; agreement; union. — 
Own accord, voluntary motion. 

fAc-coRD'A-BLE, a. Agreeable; consonant. 

Ac-CORd'ance, 71. Agreement; conformity. 

Ac-c6rd'ant, a. Consonant; corresponding. 

Ac-CORD'ANT-LY, ad. In an accordant manner. 

Ac-cord'er, 71. An assistant ; helper; favorer. 

Ac-cord'ing-ly, a(^. Agreeably; conformably. 

Ac-coRD'iNG TO, prep. In accordance with. 

Ac-cor'di-on, 71. A small musical wind instru- 
ment, with keys. 

tAc-coR'PQ-RATE, V. a. To incorporate. 

Ac-c6sT', V. a. To speak to , to address ; to salute. 

Ac-c6sT'A-BLE, a. Easy of access ; familiar. 

/^c-c6sT'ED, p. a. Addressed. — {Her.) Side by 

Ac-covche' MENT (ak-kosli'mSng), n. FFr.] 
{Med.) The delivery of a woman in childbed. 

Ac-cov-CHEUR' (ak-ko-sliur') [ak-ko-shar', Ja. ; 
5k-k6'shar, £■. ; ak-kosh-iir', Sm.], 71. [Fr.] A 
physician who assists women in childbirth. 

Ac-cbUJJT', 71. A computation; a bill: — a nar- 
rative : recital ; relation : — advantage ; reason ; 

Syn. — Keep an account ; make a computation 
of expenses, &c. ; send the bill. — An account ol 
events ; narrative of a life ; narration of a story ; 
relation or recital of circumstances. — On your 
account ; for your advantasre or benefit ; for your 
sake ; for this reason or purpose. 

Ac-coOnt', v. a. To esteem, reckon, compute. 

Ac-coOnt', v. 71. To reckon ; to give an account. 

Ac-coO.nt-a-bYl'i-tv, 71. Accoutitableiiess. 

Ac-coOnt'a-ble, a. Liable to account ; liable to 
be called to account ; res|x)nsible ; ansiocrable. 

Ac-CoOnt' a-Bi^e-nDss, 71. Responsibility. 

Ac-coOnt'ant, n. A man employed in accounts. 

Ac-coOnt'-Book (aik-kbiint'-buk), n. A book 
containing accounts. 

Ac-couNT'iNG, 71. The reckoning up of accounts 

Ac-coDp'L.E (9k-kQp'pl, 54), v, a. To link to- 

Ac-coup'le-ment (?kkup'pl-ment), n. A junc- 

tAc-COtJR'A(j^E, V. a. See Encourage. 

a'c-cou'TRE (ak-ko'tur, 54), v. a. To dress ; to 
equip ; to furnish. 

Ac-cou'TRE-MiiNT (jk-ko'tur-nient), n. Dress; 
equipage ; trappings ; ornaments. 

Ac-cred'it, v. a. To give credit to; to counte- 

Ac-cred-IT-a'tion, 71. Act of giving credit. 

Ac-crEd'it-ED, p. a. Intrusted; confided in. 

Ac-CREs'cENT, a. Increasing ; growing. 

Ac-cre'tion, 71. The act of growing to another. 

Ac-CRe'tive, a. Growing; increasing by growth. 

Ac-croach', v. a. To draw to one ; to gripe. 

Ac-CROe' (ak-kru'), v. n. To accede to; to be 
added to ; to append to : — to arise, as profits ' — • 
to follow, as loss. 

Ac-CRtU'MENT, 71. Addition ; increase, [u.] 

AC-cy BA'Tipi>f, n. A reclining at meals. 

fAc-cOMB', V. a. To recline, as at table. 

A c-c um' B e n-c y , 71. State of being accumbent. 

Ac-CUM'BENT, a. Leaning; reclining. 

Ac-cu'mu-late, 13. a. To heap up ; to pile up. 

Ac-Cu'M(J-late, 7). 71. To increase. 

Ac-cCmtJ-L^te, a. Heaped ; collected. 

Ac-cu-mu-la'tiqn, 71. The act of accumulating. 

Ac-cu'mu-l.^-T[ve, a. That accumulates. 

Ac-cO'MV-LA-TpR, 71. One who accumulates. 

ac'cii-RA-cy, 71. Exactness; correctness; nicety. 

AC'CV-RATE, a. Exact ; correct ; precise. 

Syn, Accurate or correct account ; exact state- 
ment ; precise language. Exact expresses more 
than correct or accurate ; and precise, more than 

Xc'Ct^-RATE-LY, ad. Exactly ; without error. 

Xc cy-RATE-NESS, 71. Exactness ; accuracy. 

AC-cUrse', v. a. To doom to misery ; to curse. 

Ac-ctTRS'ED, p. a. Cursed; execrable; hateful. 

Ac-cO'sA-BLE, a. Blamable ; culpable. 

tAc-cO'§ANT, 71. One who accuses. 

Xc-cij-§a'tiqn, 71. Act of accusing: — that of 
which one is accused ; charge ; censure. 

Ac-cO'^A-TiVE, a. Accusing: — a term applied 
to the fourth case of Latin nouns ; objective. 

Ac-cu'5A-TiVE-LiY, ad. In an accusative man- 
ner. — ( Oram.) As the accusative case. 

Ac-cO'§A-TO-RY, a. Containing an accusation. 

Ac-cu§e', v. a. To charge with a crime; to ar- 
raign ; to impeach ; to blame ; to censure. 

Syn. — Accused of murder ; arraigned at the bar ; 
charged with an offence ; impeached for a crime 
against the government; blamed or censured for 

Ac-ciI^ed' (ak-kiizd'),p.a. Charged with a crime. 

Ac-CU§'er, 71. One wlio accuses. 

Ac-CUS'TpM, V. a. To habituate ; to inure. 

tAc-ci5s'T0M-A-BLE, a. Habitual; customary. 

tAc-cOs'TQivi-AXCE, 71. Custom; habit; use. 

Ac-cOs'TOM-A-Rl-L,Y,ad In a customary manner. 

Ac-cDs'TQM-A-RY,a. Usual ; according to custom. 

Ac-cus'TpMED (ak-k5s'tuind),a. Frequent ; usual. 

ACE (as), 71. A unit on cards or dice : — an atom. 

A-c EL' DA-MA, n. [Heb.l A field of blood. 

A-ceph'a-lXn, 71. {Zo'ol.) An animal without a 
head, as an oyster. 

A-CEPH' A-Ll (a-seffi-ll), 71. pi. [L.] Levellers 
" who acknowledge no head or superior. 

A-c£pii'A-LoOs (a-sef'^-lus), a. Without a bead. 

ACE'POINT, 71. The side of a die which has but 
one spot. 

A-clJRB', a. Acid, with an addition of roughness. 

A-cer'BATE, 7). a. To make sour. 

A-cI2R'b!-ty,7i. Sour taste : — severity of temper. 

A-ct:R'!C,_a. Noting an acid from the maple. 

jA-CER'VATE, 0. a. To heap up. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, SON; bOll, BiJR, rOle. — \;,9, A,*o/t; .E, «,£, |,/iard; ^as7.; ?f asgz • THIS. 




fX^-ER-VA'TipN, n. Act of heaping together. 

fX^'ER-VOSE (as'ervos), a. Full of heaps. 

A-CES'CENT, o. Tending to sourness or acidity 

A^'E-TATE (as'e-tat), n. (Chem.) A salt formed 
by the union of acetic acid with a salifiable base. 

A-CET'lc, a. Having the properties of vinegar. 

A-CET-i-Fl-CA'TION, n. Act of acetifying. 

A-CET'i-FY, V. a. To make sour ; to acidify. 

Xf-E-TtM'E-TER, n. An apparatus for determin- 
ing t)ie strength of vinegar. Ure. 

i^c-ETiM'E-TRY, 7!. (Chem.) The art of measur- 
ing the strength of vmegar and acids. 

fX^-E-TOSE' (as-e-tos'), a. Sour; sharp. 

fX<;;E-T6s'i-TV, «• The state of being acetose. 

A-CEToys, a. Having the quality of vinegar. 

ACHE (ak), 7!.; pi. AEHES. A continued pain. 

ABIIE (ak), V. n. To be in continued pain. 

A-ciHEV'A-BLE, a. Possible to be achieved. 

A-cmiJv'ANCE, 71. Performance; achievement. 

A cm EVE' (a-chev'), v. a. To perform ; to finish 
a design prosperously : — to gain ; to obtain. 

A f'lllEVE'MENT, n. A performance ; an action ; 
a great exploit ; a feat ; a deed. — (Her.) An es- 
cutcheon, or ensign armorial. 

.^-ciiiEV'fiR, n. One who achieves or performs. 

Ajeil'lNci (ak'ing), 7j. Pain: uneasiness. 

AjEH'ing, p a. Painful ; distressing 

Aghor (a kor), n. [L.) {Med.) A species of 
herpes or tetter, a disease of infancy 

X^Il ROMXr'ic (ak ro-niat'ik),a. (Optics.) With- 
out color : — noting telescopes which prevent ab- 
erration arising from tlie various colors of light 

iA.-euR6-MA-TT9'! TY.M. Achromatism. 

A-jeiiRO'.M\Ti|M, 7!. Want of color 

Xc'iD (as'id), a. Sour , sliarp like vinegar. 

X9'iD (5s'id), n. An acid substance. 

AciD'l-Fl A BLE, a. Tliat may be acidified. 

A-cTD-i FI-CA'TIpN, 71. Act of acidifying. 

A-cTd'ifv, V a. To convert into acid. 

X<;!-!-dTivi'E TER, 71. An instrument for determin- 
ing the strength of acids. 

A-ctD'!-TV, n. An acid taste ; sourness. 

X^'in-NESS (as'id-iies), 71. Acidity. 

^cTd'u-LjE (a-sui'u-le), 7i. pi. [L.] Medicinal 

' springs impregnated with carbonic acid. 

A-cid'u-LATE, v. a. To tinge with acids. 

A-cTd'u LOUS, a. Somewhat acid ; sourish. 

X9-1 nX^'I-FORM, a. Shaped like a cimeter. 

A-ClN'i-FORM, a. Having the form of grapes. 

Ac-KNowL'EDqjE (ak-ii61'ej), v. a. To own the 
knowledge of , to confess ; to avow. 

'»(/?i. — /Ick-nowledffe ofl'ences committed, or fa- 
vors received ; confess sins ; avoio principles. 

Ac-KN6wled^-Tng (akn6l'ej-ing),a. Grateful. 

Ac-k.\6wl'ed^-m6nt (ak-norej-nient), 71. Act 
of acknowledging ; confession: — gratitude. 

Ac'ME, K. [Gr] The highest point ; the summit. 

A-061/p TUlsT, n. A servitor in the Romish 

Xc'p-LVTE, 71. The same with acolothist. 

Xc'p NiTE,7i. The herb wolPs-bane ; poison. 

A'cpRN (a'knm), 71. The seed or fruit of the oak. 

A'cpRNED(a'kornd),a. Fed with acorns. — (Her) 
Having aconis, as an oak-tree with acorns on it. 

ACOT-v-LE'DON, 7!. (Bo«.) A plant whose Seed 
lias no distinct cotyledons. See Cotyledon. 

AcoT y-lEd'p-noOs, a. Having no cotyledons. 

A cbOs'Tic, a. Relating to hearing. 

A coOs'Tics, 71. pi. The science which treats of 
hearing or of sound. 

Ac-QUAI,NT', 7) a. To make familiar; to ivform. 

Ac-qi;ai\t'ance, tj. ; pi. ac-quaint'ance or 
AC-QUAINT'AN-CE§. Faniiliarity ; knowledge 
of. — a person or persons with wliom one is ac- 

Syii. — firqiiaintance e.vpresses less than /aTnii- 
iarity : and fainiliarity, less than intimacy. .Ac- 
quainted, liaviiig Koiiie knowledge ; familiar by 
loiiK habit ; intimate by close connection. 

Ac-QIIAINT'ED, a. Familiar with ; well known. 

fAc-Qu£sT'. Ti. Attachment, acquisition. 

Xc-QUi-EscE' (5k-we-6s'), v n. To rest in, or re- 
main satisfied with ; to comply ; to agree. 

Xc-QUi Es'cENCE,7i. Compliance : rest ; content. 

Xc-Qui-ES'cENT, a. Easy ; quiet ; submitting. 

fAc-QtJl'ET, V. a. To render quiet ; to quiet. 

Ac-QUIR'a-BLE, o. That may be acquired. 

Ac-QUIre', v. a. To ^ai7i ; to come to ; to attain. 

Ac-quire'ment, 71. That which is acquired. 
Syv, — Acquirement of knowledge ; acquisition of 
wealth ; attainment of salvation. 

Ac-QuIr'ER, 77. One who acquires. 

AC-QU!-§T"TipN (ak-we-zish'un), n. Act of ac- 
quiring ; that which is acquired ; acquirement. 

Ac-QUl^'l-TiVE, a. That is acquired ; acquiring. 

Ac-QUi§'i-TTvE-LY, ad. By acquirement. 

Ac-QuT|'i-T!VE-Nfiss, n. (Phren.) The love of 
acquiring property. 

Ac-quit', v. a. To set free ; to clear from a charge 
or accusation ; to discharge ; to absolve. 

Ac-QUlT'MENT, 71. Act of acquitting ; acquittal. 

Ac-quTt'tal, n. Act of acquitting ; a deliverance 
from the charge of an offence , a discharge. 

^c-QuiT'TANCE, 71. A discharge from a debt. 

A'CRE (a'kur), 7!. A quantity of land, forty rods 
ui length and four in breadth, comprisii»g 160 
square rods, or 43,560 square feet. 

Xc'RiD, a. Of a hot, biting taste ; bitter. 

Xc R)-.m6'ni-oOs, a. Full of acrimony ; severe. 

Xc-Rl Mo'Nf-OtJs-LY, ad. With acrimony. 

Xc Ri MO'NJ-oi/s NESS, 77. Acrimony. 

Xc'Ri-Mp-NY (ak're-mg-ne), 77. Sharpness ; corro- 
siveness : — severity of temper ; asperity ; harsh- 
ness , tartness , bitterness. 

Syn. — Acrimony of feeling ; severity of temper 
or censure , harshness of expression ; asperity or 
bitterness of language or feeling ; tartness of reply. 

Xc'ri-tOde, 77. An acrid taste. 

tXc'Ri-TY, 77. Sharpness ; eagerne-ss. 

Xc'rp a-mXt'ic, ) a. Abstruse ; pertaining to 

Xc'rP-A-mXt'J-cal, \ deep learning. 

Xc'ro-a-mXt'ics, Aristotle's lectures on the 
more subtile parts of philosophy. 

XcrP-Xt'ic, a. Abstruse ; acroamatic. 

Xc-RO-Xt'ics, 71. pZ. Same as acroamatics. 

A-CR&MT.6N,n. [Gr.] (AnaU) The upper pro- 
cess of the shoulder-blade. 

A-cr6n'v-cal, a. Opposite to the sun, or rising 
when the sun sets, and setting when the sun rises, 
as a star : — opposed to cosmical. 

A-CRON'y-CAL-LY, ad. At the acronycal time. 

A-CROP'p-Lls, 71. An upper town or citadel: — 
the citadel of Athens. See Fortification. 

Xc'Rp-spiRE, 77. A shoot from the end of seeds. 

A cross', ad. Athwart ; transversely ; crosswise. 

A-CRos'Tic, 77. A poem in which the first letters 
of the lines make up the name of a person. 

A-CR6s'TICAL, a. Relating to acrostics. 

A-CRos'Ti-CAL-LY, ad. Ill the manner of an 

XC-RO-TE' RI-IJM, 77. : pi. AG-RO-TE' RI-A. \h.^ 

(Arch.) A small pedestal or terminating member. 

XcT (akt), V. n. To be in action ; not to rest. 

XcT, V. a. To perform : — to feign ; to imitate. 

XcT, 77. A deed ; an exploit : — a part of a play : 
— a decree of a court : — an edict ; a statute. 

XcT'iNG, 77. Action ; act of performing. 

XcT'iNG, p. a. Performing service or duty. 

Xc-TJ-Noivi'E-TER, 71. An instrument for measur- 
ing the force of solar radiation. 

Xc'TlpN (ak'sliun), 71. State of acting; a deed; 
operation : — a battle : — gesticulation : — a share ; 
stock : — a process or suit at law ; a lawsuit. 

Syn. ^ct is a single exertion of power ; action, 

a continued exertion. 

Xc'TipN-ABLE, a. That admits an action in law. 

Xc'TipN A BLY, ad. By a process of law 

Xc'TipN-A-RY, i 71. One who has a share in ac- 

Xc'TipN-TsT, \ tions or stocks. 

Xc'TlVE (ak't(V), a. That acts , opposed to pas- 
sive; transitive : — busy , nimble , agile ; quick. 
Syn. — Active in business ; busy, not at leisure ; 

A, E,T, 0,fj, V,lon^; X,£,T, 6, 0, 1?,sAor£; A, E, [. p, V, V, ofticurc— FArE, fXr, fXsT, ALL; HEIR,HERJ 




nimble and agHe in the use of one's limbs ; quick 
jii movement. 

5Sc'TlVE-Ly, ad. In an active manner ; busily. 

Xc'TivE-Nfiss, ) n. The state or quality of being 

Ac-Tlv'l-TY, ) active ; nimbleness ; quickness. 

Ac'TQR,n. One who acts ; a stage-player. 

Ac'TRESS, n. A woman who plays on the stage. 

XcT'v-AL (akt'yu-al), a. Really in act : positive ; 
real ; effective ; certain. 

Sct-v-Xl'I-ty, n. The state of being actual. 

Xct'u-al-ly, ad. In act ; really ; positively. 

Xct'v-al-n£ss, n. The quality of being actual. 

Xct'V-a-ry, n. A register ; a clerk of a society. 

Xct'u-Ate (akt'yu-at), v. a. To put into action; 
to induce ; to influence ; to impel. 

XcT'V-ATE,a. Put into action ; actuated, [ii.] 

Ao'v-ate, t7. a. To sharpen ; to point. [il.J 

f A-cu'l-TY (?-ku'e-te), n. Sharpness. 

A-cu'LE-ATE, a. Having a point ; prickly. 

A-cO'men, n. [L.] A sharp point: — figura- 
tively, quickness of perception ; discernment. 

A-cu'Ml-NATE, V. n. To rise like a cone. 

A-cu' MI-NATE, V. a. To whet or sharpen. 

A-cu'ltti-NAT-ED, p. a. Sharp-pointed. 

A-cu-Mf-NA'TlpN, n. The act of sharpening. 

a-cv-pDnct'ure, M. {Med.) A method of bleed- 
ing by small punctures. 

A-cute', a. Sharp ; not blunt or obtuse ; keen : — 
not grave: — ingenious; penetrating. — (Med.) An 
acute disease terminates shortly ; opposed to chron- 
ical. icute accent is that which raises tlie voice. 

— Acute angle, one less than a right angle. 

4^-cute'ly, ad. Sharply ; ingeniously ; keenly. 

^-cute'ness, n. State of being acute ; sharpness ; 
acumen ; penetration ; sagacity. 

^-dIc'tyl, a. Having no digits or fingers. 

Xd'ac^e (ad'aj), n. A maxim handed down from 
antiquity ; a proverb. See Axiom. 

f A-da'(^i-al (fi-da'je-jl), a. Proverbial. 

A-DA'fil-6, n. [It.] (Mus.) A slow time: — ad. 

Xd'a-mAnt, m. A very hard stone ; a diamond. 

Xd-a-man-te'an, a. Hard as adamant ; adaman- 

Xd-a-mXn'tine, a. Made of adamant ; hard. 

Xd'am-ite, n. The name of an ancient heretic. 

Xd'am'^-Xp'PLE (ad'fimz-ap'pl), n. The promi- 
nent part of the throat. 

^-dXpt', v. a. To fit one thing to another ; to suit. 

A-dXpt-a-bil'i-ty, n. Capability of adaptation. 

A-dXpt'^-ble, a. That may be adapted. 

Xd-ap-ta'tipn, 7i. Act of adapting ; fitness. 

A-dXp'tiON, n. Same as adaptation. [iJ.J 

Ad ar-bWri-um, [L.l At pleasure. 

Ad cq.p-ta.nJ dum, [L.J To attract or captivate. 

Xdd, v. a. To join together ; to increase ; to sub- 
join ; to annex. 

Syn. — Quantities are added ; houses, joined ; 
an afterthought, subjoined; property, increased; 
territory, annexed. 

Xdd'a-ble, a. See Addible. 

tAD-DE9'i-MATE, V. a. To take tithes ; to deci- 
mate^ _ 

f Ad-deem', v. a. To award ; to sentence. 

Ad-den' DUM, n.; pi. AD-DEN< DA. [L.] Some- 
thing added or to be added ; an addition ; an ap- 

Xd'der, 71. A venomous reptile ; a viper. 

Xd'der'§-GrAss, n. A species of plant. 

Xd'der'I-Tongue (ad'derz-tung), n. A plant; 
an herb. 

Xd'der'5-Wort (-wUrt), n. Snake-weed. 

Xd-di-bi'l'i-ty, n. Possibility of being added. 

Xd'di-ble, a. That may be added. 

Xd'dice, n. A tool ; now called adze. 

fyn-uicT' , V. a. To give up or apply one's self to ; 
to devote : — used commonly in an ill sense. 

Syn. — Men addict themselves to vice; devote 
themselves to science ; apply themselves to busi- 
ness ; dedicate themselves to religion. 

;\D-DrcT'ED-N£ss, n. State of being addicted. 

Ad-dTc'TIPN, n. The act of devoting ; habit. 

Ad-dIt'a-ment [jd-dit'fi-ment, W. P. F. Ja. K. 
Sm. ; "ad'de-tj-ment, S. J, £.], tj. Addition ; the 
thing added. 

^D-D"i"TipN (fid-dish'un), n. Act of adding ; the 
thing added ; increase .- — a rule of arithmetic for 
adding numbers together. — (Law.) The title an- 
nexed to a man's name. 

AD-Di"TipN-AL (ad-dish'un-al), a. That is added. 

AD-Di"TlON-Ar,-L,Y, ad. In addition to. 

fAD-Di"TlpN-A-RY, a. Additional. 

Xb'Dl-TlVE, a. Causing addition. 

Xd'si-to-ry, a. Having the power of adding. 

Xd'dle (ad'dl), a. Barren; unfruitful: — origi- 
nally applied to such eggs as produce nothing. 

Xd'dle-head'ed, ) a. Having addle brains ; of 

Xd'dle-Pat'ed, \ weak intellect ; foolish. 

Ad-d6rse', v. a. (Her.) To place back to back. 

Ad-dress', v. a. To speak or apply to ; to accost : 
— to prepare for : — to direct : — to court. 

Syn. — Address the ruler or government, or per- 
sons generally ; accost a stranger ; salute a friend ; 
direct a letter. 

AD-DRi3SS', n. Application; petition: — court- 
ship : — skill ; dexterity ; ability .- — an oration ; 
speech : — a memorial .- — direction of a letter ; the 
' name, title, &c. of a person. 

Ad-dbess'er, 7i. One wh^ addresses. 

Ad-duce', v. a. To bring forward ; to allege. 

Ad-du'cent, a. Drawing together. 

Ad-dC'ci-ble, a. That may be brought forward. 

Ad-duc'tion, n. The act of adducing. 

Ad-duc'tive, a. That brings down. 

AD-DtJc'TOR, n. (Anat.) A muscle that draws 
forward or contracts. 

Xd-e-lan-ta' DO,n. [Sp.] An officer in Spain. 

fXD'E-LiNG, 71. A title of honor among the Angles. 

A-DEMP'TipN, n. A taking away ; privation. 

Xd-e-n6g'ra-phy, n. A description of the glandi. 

Xd-e-nol'p-^^y, n. A treatise on the glands. 

A-DEPT', 71. One well versed in any art. 

A-dept', a. Skilful ; thoroughly versed. 

fA-DEP'TipN, 7i. Attainment; acquisition. 

Xb'E-QUA-CY, 71. Sufficiency; adequateness. 

Xd'e-quate, a. Equal to; proportionate. 

Xd'e-QUATE-ly, ad. In an adequate manner. 

ad'e-quate-ness, n. State of being adequate. 

fXD-E-QUA'TipN, 78. Adequateness. 

Ad e-Un'dem, [L.] To the same. 

AD-FIL'i-ATE, v. a. See Affiliate. 

Ad-here', t;. 71. To stick to ; to remain fixed. \ 

Ad-her'ence, ) n. The quality of adhering ; at- 

Ad-her'en-cy, \ tachment ; tenacity ; fidelity. 

Ad-her'ent, o. Sticking to ; united with. 

Ad-her'ent, 71. One who adheres ; a follower. 

Ad-hisr'ent-lv, ad. In an adherent manner. 

Ad-her'er, 71. One who adheres ; an adherent. 

Ad-he'^ion (ad-he'zhun), 71. Act or state of stick- 
ing or adhering to something ; adherence. 

Syn. — Adherence to principle or to party; ad- 
hesion of contiguous parts of vegetable matter or 
bodies ; eoliesion of the particles of homogeneous 
bodies to eacu other so as to resist separation. - 

Ad-hE'sive, a. Sticking ; tenacious. 

Ad-he'sJve-LY, ad. In an adhesive manner. ) 

AD-HJi'sivE-NESS, 71. Tenacity ; viscosity. — 
(Phren.) A propensity to form attachments. 

AD-HiB'iT,_7). a. To apply ; to make use of. [il.] 

fXD-HOR-TA'TipN, 71. Advice; act of advising. 

Ad-hor'ta-TP-ry, a. Exhortatory. 

fXD-l-XPH'p-ROOs, a. Neutral ; indifTerent. 

J-Xd-i-Xph'p-ry, n. Neutrality ; indifference. 

A-DlEu' (fi-du'), ad. [d Dieu, Fr.] Farewell. 

A-DlEu' (fi-du'), 71. A taking leave ; a. farewell. 

Ad tn-fi-ni'tumj [L.] To infinity. 

Xd-!-p69'e-rate, o. a. To change into adipocere. 

Xd-!-p6<;;-^-ra'tipn, n. Conversion into adipocere. 

XD'l-Pp-ciJRE', 71. An oily or waxy substance, 
formed by the decomposition of animal bodies in 
moist places, or under water. 

Xd-!-pose', a. Consisting of fat ; fat. 

MiENjSIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n ; bOll, bUr, rCle. — 9,9, j;.so/l,-je j&,£,|,/tard; § as z ; ^asgz; THI 

; THjlfc, 




•fXD'I-POtJS, tf. Saino as adipose. 
Ad'it, 71. A passage for water under ground. 
Ad-ja'cen-cy, n. The state of lying close to. 
i\D-JA'cENT, a. Lying near or close ; contiguous. 
Syn. — Adjacent villages or lands ; contiguous 
houses ; adjoiningQeMs. 
jA.d-ja'cent, n. That which lies next another. 
Ad-JECT', v. a. To add to. [R.] 
4k.D-JEc'TipN, n. The act of adjecting or adding. 
XD-JEC-T"i"Tlovs (ad-jek-tish'us), a. Additional. 
Xd'jec-tiv-al, a. Relating to an adjective. 
Xd'jec-tive, 71, (Oram.) A word added to a 

noun, to express some quality ; as, good, bad. 
X.d'jec-TIVE-i.y, ad. As or like an adjective. 
^d-join', v. a. To join to ; to unite or put to, 
Ad-j6in', v. n. To be contiguous to. 
j\D-j6iN'lNG, a. Close to ; contiguous; adjacent. 
jA.d-journ' (Bid-jUrn'), 'v- a- & "• To put off to an- 
other day ; to postpone ; to prorogue ; to defer. 

Syn. — Adjourn a court or meeting ; prorogue 
parliament ; postpone or defer a matter of business. 
Ad-journ'MENT (ad-jUrn'ment), n. Act^i ad- 
' journing ; delay ; intermission. 
^d-jud^e', v. a. To pass a sentence ; to decree 
Ad-jOdc^'ment, n. Adjudication, [i?.] 
Ad-ju'di-cate, Tj. a. To adjudge ; to sentence. 
^D-Ju-Di-CA'TIQN, n. Act of adjudicating; sen- 
iD'jtTNCT, 71. A person or thing joined to another. 
Xd'jijnct, a. Added to ; united with. 
Ad-junc'tipn, n. Act of adjoining ; thing joined. 
Ad-jDnc'tive, 71. That which is joined. 
Ad-junc'tJve, a. Having the quality of joining. 
AD-JUNc'TivE-LY, ad. In an adjunctive manner. 
Ad-jv-Ra'tion, n. The act of charging another 

solemnly by word or oath : — the form of oath. 
Ad-jOre', v. a. To impose an oath upon an- 
other : — to charge solemnly or earnestly. 
Ad-jur'er, 71. One who adjures. 
Ad-jDst', v. a. To regulate ; to put in order ; to fit. 
Ad-jOst'a-ble, a. That may be adjusted. 
Ad-jCst'er, n. One who places in due order. 
Ad-jijst'ment, n. Regulation; settlement. 
Xd'ju-tXn-cy, n. The office of an adjutant. 
Xd'jv-tXnt, n. A military officer ; an assistant. 
*Xd'ju-vXnt [ad'ju-vant, S. W. F. Ja. K. Sm. a 

?d-ju'v5int, J. £.], a. Helpful ; useful. [-K.] 
*Xd'ju-vXnt, 71. An assistant ; a helper. [iJ.] 
Ad tib'i-tum, [L.] At pleasure ; at discretion. 
^D-MfiA§'VRE-MENT (^id-mezh'ur-ment), n. Act 
' or result of measuring ; measurement. 
Ad-men-sv-ra'tiqn, 71. Mensuration. 
Ad-mTn'is-ter,'u. a. To supply: — to act as agent 
' or administrator upon : — to manage ; to direct. 
AD-wtN'is-TER, V. n. To act as administrator. 
XD-MiN-is-TS'Ri-Aii, a. Relating to administra- 
^D-MtN'is-TRA-BLE, a. Capable of administra- 
' tion. 

XD-MiN-is-TRA'TipN,r!. Act of administering ; act 
of conducting any affair: — the executive part of 
government : — dispensation ; management. 

Sj/ji. Mministration of the government ; dis- 
pensation of justice ; management of business ; 
government of the country. 
Ad-min'is-tr_a-tive, a. That administers. 
Xd-min-is-trX'tor, n. One who has the charge 

of the estate of a man dying intestate. 
XD-MiN-is-TRA'TpR-SHlP, n. Office of adminis- 
Xd-min-is-tra'trix, n. She who administers. 
Xd-MI-b A-BIL,'I-TY, n. Q,uality of being admi- 
rable ; ^reat excellence. 
Xd'mi-ra-ble, a. Worthy of being admired; 

wonderful ; excellent ; very superior. 
Xn'Mi-RA-BLE-NiiSS, 71. State of being admirable. 
Xd'hi-ra-bly, ad. In an admirable manner. 
Xd'mi-ral., n. The chief commander of a fleet. 
Xd'mi-ral-shIp, n. Office or skill of an admiral. 
XD'nii-RAL-TY, 71. The authority, or officers, ap- 
pointed for the administration of naval affairs. 

Xd-MI-ra'TION, n. Act of admiring ; wonder. 
■fXD'MJ-RA-TlVE, 71. Point of admiration, thus (!) 
Ad-mire', v. a. To regard with wonder or love. 
Ad-mire', v. n. To feel admiration ; to wonder. 
Ad-MIR'er, n. One who admires ; a lover. 
Ad-mir'ing-IiY, ad. In an admiring manner. 
Ad-mTs-si-bil'i-ty, 77. State of being admissible. 
Ad-mis'si-ble, a. That may be admitted. 
Ad-mis'si-bly, ad. In an admissible manner. 
AD-Mls'sipN (oid-mish'un), n. Act of admitting; 

admittance ; allowance of an argument. 
Ad-mit', v. a. To suffer to enter ; to receive : — 
to allow an argument or position ; to grant. 

Syn. — Admit a member ; receive a friend ; ad- 
mit the force of an argument j allow due credit i 
grant what is reasonable. 
Ad-mit'ta-ble, a. Admissible, [s..] 
Ad-mit'tance, 71. Act of admitting ; admission. 
Ad-mit'TER, n. One who admits. 
Ad-mix', v. a. To mingle with ; to mix. [ 

Ad-MIx'tipn (?d-mixt'yun), n. A mingling. 
Ad-mixt'vRE (ad-mixt'yur), n. The substance 

of bodies mingled ; mixture. 
Ad-m6n'ish, I), a. To give admonition to; to warn; 
to reprove ; to reprimand : to advise. 

Syn. — Admonish for the first fault, reprove for 
the second, reprimand for the third ; warn of dan- 
ger ; advise for the future. 
Ad-m6n'ish-er, n. One who admonishes. 
fAD-MON'lSH-MENT, 71. Admonition. Shak. 
Xb-Mp-Ni"TipN (ad-mo-nish'un), n. Act of ad- 
monishing ; hint of a fault or duty ; reproof. 
Xd-mp-ni"tipn-er, n. An admonisher. 
Ad-m6n'i-tIve, a. That admonishes ; monitory. 
AD-MON'i-TpR, n. One who admonishes. 
AD-MON'i-Tp-RY, a. That admonishes ; monitory. 
jAd-mpve', v. a. To bring one thing to another. 
Ad-nXs'cent, a. Growing to something else. 
Id'nate, a. Growing upon something else. 
Xd'noOn, n. An adjective. 
A-d6', n. Trouble ; difficulty ; bustle ; tumult. 
A-Do' BE, n, [Sp.] Brick unburnt, sun-dried. 
Xd-p-les'cence, ) n. The age between child- 
Xd-p-les'cen-cy, ) hood and manhood ; youth. 
Xd-P-l£s'cent, a. Growing; youthful. 
j^-u6pt', v. a. To take as a son or daughter the 

child of another ; to receive as one's own. 
A-d6pt'ed-ly, ad. In the manner of adoption. 
jji^-DOPT'ER, n. One who adopts: — a chemical 

vessel with two necks. 
A-DOP'TipN, n. Act of adopting ; affiliation. 
^^-DOP'TIVE, a. That adopts or is adopted. 
A-d5r'a-bl,e, a. Worthy of adoration ; divine. 
A-dor'a-ble-ness, 71. Worthiness of adoration. 
>^-d6r'^-bly, ad. In an adorable manner. 
Xd-p-ra'tipn, n. Divine worship ; homage. 
A-dore', v. a. To worship with external hom- 
age ; to reverence ; to honor : — to love intensely. 
Syn. — The Supreme Being is to be adored, rev- 
erenced, and worshipped ; great and good men are to 
be honored and even venerated, and their memories 
^-dor'eb, 71. One who adores : — a devoted lover. 
A-dorn', v. a. To set off to advantage ; to dress ; 
to decorate ; to embellish. ' 

A-dorn'ing, n. Ornament ; embellishment, 
f A-d6rn'ment, 71. Ornament ; embellishment. 
AD-os-CU-LA'TlpN, n. A method of grafting : — 

impregnation of plants by means of pollen. 
fA-DRfiAD' (5i-dred'), ad. In a state of fear. 
A-drift', ad. Floating at random. 
A-DROiT', a. Dexterous ; active ; skilful ; clevei. 
A-DRotT'LY, ad. In an adroit manner. 
A-droIt'ness, n. Dexterity ; skill ; activity. 
A-dry', a. Thirsty ; in want of drink ; athirst 
XD-sci-Tt"Tlovs (ad-se-tish'us), a. Assumed to 

complete something ; additional. 
*Xd-U-LA'TION [ad-dii-la'shun, S. J". Ja ; Sd-ju-la'- 
shun, W. ; ad-yu-la'shun, £.] n. Flattery. 

Syn. — Fulsome adulation ; gross flattery ; well- 
merited compliment. 

X, E, I, P, u, Y, long; X, E,I, 6, 0, y, short; Ai ?, I) <?) V, Y, obscure.— TknB, FAR, fSst, ALL; HfilR, HKR; 




*SD'u-t,S-TOR, n. A flatterer ; a parasite, [r.] 

♦Ad'v-la-to-rv, a. Flattering; full of compli- 

A-DdLT', a. Grown up ; of mature age. 

A-dult', re. A person grown up ; one of full age. 

A-dul'ter-ant, n. That which adulterates. 

A-dEjl'TER-ate, v. a. To corrupt ; to debase. 

fA-DUL'TER-ATE, V. n. To Commit adultery. 

A-DDl.'TER-ATE,a. Corrupted ; polluted ; debased. 

A-dul'ter-ate-ly, ad. In an adulterate manner. 

A-dOl'ter-^te-Ness, n. State of being adulter- 

A-dOl-ter-a'tion, n. Act of adulterating. 

A-dOl'ter-er, n. A person guilty of adultery. 

A-dul'ter-ess, n. A woman who commits adul- 

*A-dul'ter-ine (19) [a-dul'ter-In, S. W. J. Ja. 
Sm. ; a-dul'ter-in, P. K.], n. A child born of an 

*A-DijL'TER-lNE, a. Spurioiis ; adulterous. 

f A-dBl'ter-ize, «. V. To commit adultery. 

A-dDl'ter-ous, a. Guilty of adultery ; spurious. 

A-dOl'ter-oDs-ly, ad. In an adulterous man- 

A-dOl'ter-y, n. Violation of the marriage bed. 

A-dOlt'ness, n. The state of being adult. 

Ad-um'brant, a. Giving a slight resemblance. 

Ad-Dm'brate, v. a. To shadow out faintly. 

ad-vm-bra'tiqn, n. A faint sketch ; a shadow. 

fAD-u-NA'TlON, n. The being united ; union. 

A-diJn'ci-ty, n. Crookedness ; the form of a hook. 

fA-D(JNQUE' (a-diingk'), a- Crooked j hooked. 

A-dDst', a. Burnt up ; scorched. 

A-dust'ed, ffi. Burnt; scorched; hot. 

A-Dus'TlpN, re. Act of burning up or drj'ing. 

Ad va-lo'rem, [L.] According to the value. 

Ad-vance' (12),«.a. To bring forward : — toraise 
to preferment ; to promote : — to improve ; to 
heighten ; to propose : — to pay beforehand. 

Ad-vance', v. n. To go forward ; to proceed. 

Ad-vXnce , n. A going forward ; progression ; im- 
provement ; rise : — anticipation of time. 

Ad-vance', ) a. Being in front ; promoted ; 

Ad-vanced', ) paid : — as, advance or advanced 
guard : — advance money, money paid in advance. 

Ad-VAnce'MENT, n. Act of advancing; progress; 
preferment ; improvement ; promotion. 

Ad-van'cer, n. One who advances. 

AD-vXN'TAf^E (12), n. Superiority ; favorable cir- 
cumstances ; convenience ; benefit ; gain ; profit ; 

Ad-van'TA^e, v. a. To benefit ; to promote. 

Ad-vXn'ta.'^e-Ground, n. Ground that gives 
suporinritv oi advantage. 

Ad-van-ta'^eovs (ad-van-ta'jus), a. Affording 
advantage ; beneficial ; profitable ; useful. 

Syn, — Advantageous situation; beneficial exex- 
cise ; profitable business ; useful employment. 

Xd-VAN-TA'(j>EOUS-LV, ad. Profitably; usefully. 

iD-v^N-TA'^^Eoiis-NESS, n. Profitableness. 

Ad-vene', v. n. To accede or come to. 

AD'vent, n. A coming: — appropriately, the com- 
ing of our Savior ; a season of devotion, including 
the four weeks before Christmas. 

XD-VEN-Ti"TroiJS (ad-ven-tish'us), a. Acciden- 
tal ; incidental : — not essentially inherent. 

XD-VEN-Ti"Tloi;s-LY, ad. Accidentally. 

Au-VENT' y-AL, a. Relating to the advent. 

Au-vEnt'i/re (ad-vent'yur), n. An accident; a 
chance ; a hazard : — an enterprise in which some- 
thing is at hazard : — a sum sent to sea. 

AD-v£NT'VRE,r). »i. To try the chance ; to dare. 

Au-vEnt'vre, K. a. To risk; to hazard; to ven- 

Ad-visnt'ur-er, 71. One who adventures. 

Ad-vEnt'vre-some, a. Adventurous. 

Ao-vEnt'i; R-ol';s,«. Inclined to adventures; bold ; 
daring ; courage<JUS ; dangerous. 

Ad-vEnt'i/r-ous-lv, ofA Boldly; daringly. 

^D-vfiNT'UR-OVS-NfisSjji. Daringness ; boldness. 

Xd'verB, re. (Oram.) A word joined to a verb, 

adjective, or other adverb, to modify its sense, <;^ 
the manner in which it is used. 

Ad-ver'bi-al, a. Pertaining to an adverb. 

Ad-ver'bi-al-lv, ad. In an adverbial manner. 

ad-ver-sa' Ri-A,n. [L.] A commonplace-book. 

Xd'ver-sa-ry, «. An opponent; an enemy. 

Xd'VER-sA-ry, a. Opposite to; adverse. 

Ad-ver'sa-tive, a. Noting opposition or variety. 

Ad-vjer'sa-tive, n. A word noting opposition. 

AL.'VERSE,a. Contrary; opposite: — calamitous. 
Syn. adverse circumstances ; contrary ac- 
counts ; opposite characters ; hostile measures ; ca- 
'amitous occurrences. 

Sd'verse-ly, ad Oppositely; unibrtunately. 

Xo'visRSE-NEss, re. Opposition; adversity. 

Ad-ver'si-ty, n. An unfortunate condition ; 
afiiiction ; calamity ; misfortune ; distress. 

Syn. ddvcrsity is opposed to prosperity; dis- 
tress to ease : — deep affliction ; grievous calamity ; 
great misfortune. 

Ad-vert', v. n. To turn or attend to ; to regard. 

Ad-ver'tence, )n. Act of adverting ; heed ; re- 

AD-viJR'TEN-cv, 5 gard; attention to. 

Ad-ver'tjsnt, a. Attentive; heedful. 

ad-ver-tise' or Xd'ver-tise (ad-ver-tiz', S. 
W. P. J. F. Ja. K. R. Wb. ; ad'ver-tiz, Sm.], v. a. 
To inform ; to give public notice of; to publish. 

AD-Vi5R'Tl§E-MiiNT or XD-VER-T1^E'ME NT [jd- 
ver'tiz-ment, P. Ja. Svi. R. C. ?fb. Ash; jd-vtir - 
tiz-ment or ad-ver-tlz'ment, S. JV. J. F. K.], n. 
Intelligence; information; admonition: — public 
notice, as in a newspaper. 

ad-ver-tT§'er, re. He or that which advertises. 

AD-v^R-Tl|'lNe,p. a. Giving intelligence. 

Ad-vice', n. Counsel ; instruction: — intelligence. 
Syn. — A physician gives advice ; a parent, coun- 
sel ; a teacher, instruction .- — advice, intelligence, 
or information may be received from a corre- 

Ad- 'icE'-BOAT,re, A vessel bringing intelligence. 

Ad-vj§'a-bl,e, a. Prudent; expedient; fit. 

Ad-vi§'a-ble-ness, n. State of being advisable. 

Ad-vi§e', v. a. To counsel ; to inform ; to admonish. 

Ad-Vi|e', 0. re. To consult ; to deliberate. 

Ad-vi§'ed-ly, ad. Deliberately; heedfuUy. 

Ad-vi§'ee-ness, m. Deliberation. 

Ad-vi§e'ment, re. Counsel; infonnation. 

AD-Vi^'ER, 71. One who advises ; a counsellor. 

Ad-vTs'ing, re. Counsel ; advice. 

Ad-vi'sq-ry, .3. Giving advice ; counselling. 

Xn'vp-CA-CY, re. Act of pleading; vindication. 

Xd'vo-cate, v. a. To plead for; to support; to 
defend ; to vuidicate. 

Xd'vq-cate, 71. One who defends or pleads the 
cause of another: — an intercessor; a defender. 

AD'vo-CATE-SHlP, n. The office of an advocate. 

Xd-vo-ca'tion, ?i. Act of pleading ; defence. 

fAD-VoO'TRY, 71. Adultery. Bacon. 

Xd-vo*-ee', n. (^Law.) One who has the right 
of advowson. 

Ad-v6w'§on (?d-vou'zun),7). (Law.) The patron- 
age of a church ; a right to present to a benefice. 

^d'Y-tOm, n.; pi. Xb'Y-TA. [L.j The interior 
of a temple. 

Xdze, re. A cutting iron tool : — written also adz. 

^'dile (6'dll), /(. dee Edile. 

j'E'tJtJ-LOPs (e'je-lops), ?i. (Med.) A tumor or ab- 
scess in the corner of the eye. — (Bot.) A genus 
of plants. 

.BS' f-ris (E'jis), re. [L.] A shield : — an ulcer. 

JE-IJVP-Ti' A-cuM,n. [L.] A kind of ointment, 

jE-N1g'ma, re. See Enigma. 

^-o'li-an-Harp, n. A stringed instrument o( 
music acted upon by the wind. 

^-oL'lc, a. Belonging to /Eolia. 

iE-ol^'l-PlLE, n. See Eolii'ile. 

a'ij-rate, v. a. To fill with carbonic acid. 

a-E'ri-al a. Belonging to the air ; high; lofty. 

Ak'rie (G're or a'e-ro) [O'rc, fV. .la. K. Sm. ; a'e-re, 
J. F. fVli. ; a're, S.], n. A nest or brood of hawks 
or eagles ; eyry. 

MiEN, SIR; MOVE, nor, Sc5N; BOll, BijR, rCle. — g,^, g,OT/t; e,fi,c,'g,hardi Sasz; 3f a.vgz: Tina. 
7 * JS - 




^-Er-i-fi-ca'tion, n. Act of aerifying. 
a'e-ri-f6rm, a. Having the form of air; resem- 
bling air. 
A-l2R'i-FY, V. a. To fill or combine with air. 
a-je-rog'ra-phy, n. A description of the air. 
a'e-rq-lite, ?i. A meteoric stone. 
a-je-r6l'o-(^y, n. The science of the air. 
a'e-rq-Man-cy [a'e-ro-man-se, IV. J. F. ; ar'o- 
liian-se, Ja. K. Sin. ; a-e-rom'an-se, A^k], n. Divi- 
nation by the air. 
a-e-r6m' e-ter, n. Machine for weighing air. 
A-E-Rp-MiiT'Ric, a. Relating to aerometry. 
A-e-r6m'e-try, II. The art of measuring the air. 
A'E-Rp-NAUT, 7^ One who sails through the air. 
a-e-rq-Naut'ic, a. Relating to aeronautics. 
A-E-RQ-NAUT'ics, n. pi. Art of sailing in the air. 
A-E-Ros'cp-PY, n. Observation of the air. 
i-E-ROS-TAT'lc, la. Relative to aerostatics or 
A-E-RQS-TAT'i-CAL, ] aerostation. 
A-E-Rps-TXT'icsj The science which teaches 
the \veight of bodies supported in air; aerostation. 
l-E-ROS-TA'TlpN, n. The science of weighing air. 
^s-THiLT'lc, a. Relating to sesthetics. 
.ffis-THiJT'ics (es-thet'iks), n. pi. The doctrine of 
the sensations, or the science which treats of the 
beautiful in nature and art. 
A-far', ad. At a great distance ; remotely. 
Af-fa-bil'i-ty, n. The quality of being affable. 
Xf'fa-bl.e, a. Easy of manners ; courteous ; civil. 
Af'fa-ble-ness, n. Courtesy ; aifability ; civility. 
Af'fa-bly, ad. In an alTable manner. 
af'fa-brous (affa-briis), a. Skilfully made. 
AF-fair', n. Business ; concern ; transaction. . 
Syn. — An interesting affair ; a serious business ; 
a momentous concern ; an important transaction. 
Af-fect', v. a. To act upon ; to move the pas- 
sions ; to aim at ; to make a show of. 
iF-FEC-TA'TlpN, n. False pretence ; artificial 

show or appearance ; insincerity ; artifice. 
AF-FiiCT'ED, p. a. Moved; full of affectation. 
Af-fect'ed-l.y, ad. In an affected manner. 
Af-fect'ed-nEss, n. duality pf being affected. 
AF-FECT'ER, n. Sep Affector. 
Af-fj3CT'ing, p. a. Moving the passions. 
Af-fect'ing-ly, ad. In an affecting manner. 
AF-Fiic'TipN, n. Desire; love; kindness; good- 
will; tenderness: — state of mind. 
AF-FEC'TipN-ATE, a. Warm ; fond ; tender ; kind. 
Af-fec'tion-ate-ly, ad. Kindly ; tenderly. 
Af-fec'tion-ate-ness, n. Fondness ; tender- 
Af-fec'tjve, a. That affects ; moving. 
Af-fisc'tive-ly, ad. In an impressive manner. 
Af-fec'tor, m. One who practises affectation. 
Af-feer', D. a. (^Eng. law.) To confirm ; to fix. 
Af-feisr'er, n. (Enff. law.) One who fixes or 

moderates fines in courts-leet. 
Af-fet-TU-qi so. [It.] {Mas.) Denotmg what 
' is to be sung or played tenderly. 
Af-fi'ance, n. A marriage contract; betroth- 

ment : — trust ; hope. 
Af-fi'ance, v. a. To bind by a promise of mar- 
riage ; to betroth ; to pledge. 
Af-fi'an-cer, 71. One vs'ho affiances. 
fAF-Fi-DA'TlpN, )n. Mutual 'contract ; mutual 
tSF-Fi-DAT'VRE, \ oath of fidelity. 
Xf-fi-da'V1T, 71. {Law.) A written declaration 
swoni to before a magistrate. It differs from a 
deposition in not giving the opposite party oppor- 
tunUy to cross-examine the witness. 
Af-fTed' (^f-fid), p. a. Joined by contract. 
\F-Ff l'i-ate, v. a. To adopt as one's child ; to 

establish the paternity of: — to associate with. 
AF-FiL-i-A'TipN, n. Adoption ; act of taking a son. 
Af'FI-na^E, v. The art of refining metals. 
Af-fi'ned or Af-fined', a. Joined by affinity. 
Af-finM-ty, 71^ Relationship by marriage, opposed 

to cunsanguinity .- — resemblance : — attraction. 
Af-firm', v. a. To ratify ; to assert ; to aver. 
Af-firm', v. n. To declare positively. 
Af-fjrm'a-ble, a. Capable of being affirmed. 

AF-r'lRM'A-BLY, ad. In an affirmable manner. 
Af-firm'ance, 7t. Coiifirinaticjn ; aeclaratiijn. 
Af-FIRM'ant, 71. One who affirms; attinuer. 
af-fir-ma'tion, 7i. Act of affirmiiig. — (Law.) 

A solemn declaration, answering to an oath. 
AF-FIRM'A-TIVE, a. That affirms ; positive. 
AF-FiRM'A-TTVE,7i. That side of a question which 

affirms, opposed to negative. 
Af-firm'a-ti VE-L Y, ad. In an affirmative manner. 
Af-firm'er, 77. One who affirms ; affirmant. 
Af-FIX', v. a. To attach to ; to subjoin ; to annex. 
Syn. — ijfix a title; attach blame; subjoin re- 
marks ; annex territoiy. 
af'fix, 77. Something added to a word. 
AF-Fix'ipN (af-fik'shun), 77. The act of affixing. 
Af-fixt'ure, 77. That which is affixed. 
Af-fla'TION, n. The act of breathing upon. 
JiF-FLA' TiJt), n. [L.] Breath: — divine inspira- 
Afflict', v. a. To put to pain ; tr grieve. 
AF-FLicT'EU, p. a. Suffering affliction ; grieved. 
Af-flict'ed-ness, 77. State of being afflicted. 
Af-flict'er, 74. One who afflicts. 
Af-flict'ing, p. a. Causing affliction ; painful. 
Af-flict'ing-ly, ad. In an afffioting manner. 
AF-FLic'TlpN, 77. Calamity; adversity; distress j 

suffering; sorrow; grief; misery. 
Af-flic'tive, a. Painful : calamitous ; afflicting. 
Af-flic'TIVE-LY, ad. In an afflicting manner. 
af'flu-ence, 77. Riches; plenty; abundance. 
Xf'flu-ent, a. Abundant ; wealthy ; rich. 
af'flu-ent, 77. A river flowing into anotlier. 
Xf'flu-ent-ly, ad. In an affluent manner. 
af'flu-iJnt-ness, 77. Quality of being affluent. 
Xf'flOx, 77. The act of flowing to ; affluence. 
Af-flOx'ipn (^f-fliik'shun), 77. Act of flowing to. 
Af-f6rd', v. a. To yield or produce: — to be 
able- to bear the expense of; to spare. 

Syn. — The sun affords light; the vine yields 

grapes ; plants produce flowers : — the rich can 

afford to give to the poor, inasmuch as they have 

something which they can spare. 

Af-f6r'est, v. a. To turn ground into forest. 

AF-FOR-ES-TA'TtpN, 77. Turning of ground into 

Af-frSn'ciii§e (af-frSn'chjz), v. a. To make 
free ; to enfranchise. 

AF-FRAN'cillSE-MiiNT, 77. Act of making free. 

t'AF-FRAY', v.'a. To strike with fear ; to terrify. 

Af-fray', 77. A quarrel; disturbance; tumult. 

Af-freight' (af-frat'), v. a. To hire a ship for 
freight, or transporting goods. 

Af-fright' (af-frlf), 71. a. To alarm ; to terrify. 

Af-fright' (af-frit'), "• Terror; fear; fright. 

Af-fright'ed-ly, ad. With fear. 

Af-fright'er (af-frit'er), 77. One who frightens. 

f Af-fright'ment, 77. ' Fear ; terror ; fearfulness. 

Af-front' (af-frunf), v. a. To insult ; to offend. 

Af-fr6nt' (af-friint'), 77. Insult ; outrage. 

Af-front'e'r (af-frunt'er), 77. One who affronts. 

Af-front'ing, 77. a. Contumelious. 

Af-front'ive, a. Causing affront ; abusive. 

AF-FRoNT'ivE-NfiSS, 71. The quality that af- 

Af-fTise', v. a. To pour upon ; to sprinkle. 

Af-fO'^ion (af-fu'zhun), 71. Act of pouriug upon. 1 

Af-fy', v. a. To betroth ; to bind ; to affiance. 

A-FIELU', (a-feld'), arf. To the field ; in ihe field. 

A-fire', a. & ad. On fire. 

A-fl6at' (a-flot''), ad. In a floating state. 

A-foot' (a-fut), ad. On foot : — in action. 

A-fore', pre/)« Before; sooner in time. 

A-fore', ad. In time past ; in front. 

A-f6re'GO-!NG,p. a. Going before. 

A-fore'hXnd, drf. Beforehand. Bacon. 

A-f5re'said (fi-fbr'sed), a. Said before. 

A-FORE'TIME, ad. In time past. 

A fdr-ti-O'rl (a-fdr-she-5'ri), [L.] With stronger 

A-foOl', a. & ad. Entangled ; not free. 

A-FRAiD' (a-frid'), a. Struck with fear ; fearful. 

A, 12, 1, 6, u, Y, long ; X, E, '(, 6, D, ^, short ; A, E, I, p, y, Y, obscure.— FARB, FAR, fAst, An.; litis., hSlr; 




A-fresh', ffrf. Anew; again, 

A-pr6.\t' (a-frunt'), ail. In front. 

Sft, ad. (^JVaut.) Behind ; astern ; opposed to fore ; 
as, " fore and aft." 

Sf'ter (12), prep. Following in place or time j 
in pursuit of; aboiit ; behind ; accord inii to. 

Sf'ter, ai/. In succeeding time ; afterward. 

af'TER, a. Succeeding ; subsequent. 

AF'TER-BlRTH, ;i. (Jled.) The placenta ; secun- 

Af'ter-Clap, v. Ati unexpected event, happen- 
ing after the affair is supposed to be at an end. 

Sf'ter-Crop, «. The second crop. 

af'ter-Hour§ (-burz), Succeeding hours. 

Af'ter-math, II. The second crop of grass; 

Sf'ter-most, a. Hindmost. 

af'ter-noon, 11. Time from noon to evening. 

af'ter-Paiin§, 71. pi. Pains after childbirth. 

af'ter-Part, H. The latter part. 

af'ter-Piece, II. A farce after a play. 

af'ter-State, II. The future state, 

af'ter-thought (4f'ter-thawt), n. Reflection 
after the act ; a later tliought. 

Sf'ter-Time, 71. Succeeding time. 

af'ter-ward (Sf'ter-wurd), ) ad. In succeed- 

af'ter-ward§ (af'ter-wiirdz, ( ing time. 

AF'TER-WiT, II. Coiitrivance too late. 

a' GA or a' ga [a'ga, S. F. ./. ./a. Sin. ; a'ga, P. K.], 
n. A high Turkish nnlitary or civil officer. 

A-gain' (a-Sen',3]) [a-^en', S. IV. J. E. F. K. Sm. ; 
a-pan', ./n.j, ad. A second time ; once more ; in 
return, noting reaction. 

A- GAINST' (a-5enst', 31) [a-genst', S. W. .J. E. F. 
K. Sm. ; a-ganst', .7a.], prep. In opposition to ; 
contrarj' ; in contradiction to ; opposite to. 

Xg-al-mat'o-lite, 71. A Chinese mineral. 

ag'a-pm, [L. ; y.yy--y,, Gr.] Love-feasts 
among the early Christians. 

A-gape' (a-gap') [a-gap', W. J. F. R. ; a-gap', P. 
.7a. Sm.], ad. Staring witli eagerness. 

)!g'a-phite, 7i. (Mill.) The turquoise stone. 

Xg'a-rYc, II. A drug used in physic and dyeing. 

A-GAST', a. Stnick with terror. See Aghast. 

A-GATE', ad. On tlie way; agoing. [Local, Eng.] 

AG' ATE, n. A precious stone of the lowest class. 

ag';^t-y, a. Of the nature of agate. 

^-Ga've, 7i. (Bot.) The great American aloe. 

x(fE, 77. Any period of time: — a succession or 
generation of men : — the time in which one lived ; 
time: — time of life: — a hundred years: — ma- 
turity ; decline of life ; old age. 

a'(^eu (a'jed), a. Old ; stricken in years, 

a'(^en-c'V, 7(. Action ; acting for another. 

A-Gl:y' DL'M,ii.: pi. A-i^EN' DA. [L.] A memo- 
randiim-book ; ritual. — PL Things to be done. 

a'gent, II. One who acts or lias power to act ; a 

_ deputy ; a factor ; a representative. 

a'(^ext-ship, 71. The office of an agent. 

t^jK'/iifiiS (ad'jer), 7(. [L.] A fortress, or trench. 

Ag-gl6m'er-ate, v. a. To gather up in a ball. 

Ag-glom'er-ate, 0. n. To grow into one mass. 

Ag-glom-er-a'tion, 71. A heaping together. 

Ag-glu'TI-nant, II. A substance causing adhe- 

Ag-gliI'ti-^'ant, a. Uniting parts together. 

Ag-glu'ti-nate, d. a. To unite one part to an- 

Ag-glij-ti-na'tipn, 7). T^nion ; cohesion. 

AG-GLli'TlN-A-TiVE, a. Tending to unite. 

ag'gran-uize, ?!. a. To make great ; to cause to 
excel ; to exalt : — to enlarge ; to increase. 

Ag'gran-dTze-memt or Ag-grXn'ujze-ment 
[ag'gran-dlz-inent, S. W. J. F. Sm. R.: ag-gran'- 
diz-inent, ./«. ; iig'gr^n-dlz-ment or fig-griin'djz- 
nient, P. C.], 11. Act of aggrandizing ; state of 
being aggrandized ; exaltation. 

Xg'gran-diz-er, 7(. One who aggrandizes. 

tXG'GRA-VA-BLE, a. Making worse. More. 

Sg'gka-vate, h. a. To make any thing worse; 
to enhanco guilt or calamity : — to provoke. 

.■*.«■ ,JRA-VAT-mG, p. a. Provoking ; vexing. 

ag-gra-va'tion, ?;. Act of aggravating; that 
which aggravates : — provocation. 

ag'gre-gate, a. Formed of parts collected. 

ag'gre-gate, 71. The sum of parts collected. 

Xg'gre-gate, v. a. To accumulate ; to collect. 

AG-GRE-GA'TiQiN, 71. Collection : accumulation. 

ag'gre-ga-tive, a. Taken together. 

AG'GRE-GA-TpR, 71. One who aggregates. 

Ag-gress', «. 7i. To commit the first offence, [i?.! 

Ag-gres'sion (ag-gresh'un), 7i. The first act ct 
injury ; attack ; assault. [sive. 

Ag-gres'sive, a. Making the first attack ; offen- 

Ag-gres'sor, 71. One who commences hostility. 

Ag-griev'ance (ag-grev'ans), 7i. Injury; wrong. 

Ag-grieve' (9g-grev'), V. a. To give sorrow; 
to vex ; to harass ; to injure. 

Ag-gr6up' (ag-gr66p',54),7J. a. To bring together. 

A-ghAst' (a-gist', 12), a. Struck with liorrorj 
amazed ; astonished. 

Xi^'jLE (aj'il), a. jictive ; nimble ; ready ; quick. 

X^'lLE-NESS, 74. Nimbleness ; agility. 

^-(JIL^!-TY, 71. Nimbleness; quickness; activity. 

A'fir-o or Afi'T-6 [a'je-o, P. J. F. K.; ad'je-6, Ja, 
Sm.],ii.; pi. A'ffl-o^'. [It.] (Com.) The' differ- 
ence between bank-notes and current coin or 
specie. _ 

X^'l-O-TA^E, n. Speculations ; dishonest mancBU- 
vres in relation to the public funds. 

A-(^TiST', V. a. (Law.) To take in and feed cattle. 

A-^lsT'MENT, 71. (Law.) The act of taking in 
and feeding cattle : — an embankment. 

A-qtiST'oR, 77. (Eng. law.) An officer of the king's 

X(;i'i-TA-BLE, a. That may be agitated. 

A9'i-TATE, V. a. To put in motion ; to disturb: — 
to discuss ; to revolve ; to contrive. 

X^-i-TA'TiON, 77. Act of agitating ; state of being 
agitated; discussion ; violent ennjtion of the mind. 
Syn. — Agitation of body or mind ; discussion of 
a question ; emotion of terror or feeling ; trepida- 
tion or tremor of the body. 

X(^'!-TA-TpR, n. One who agitates. — {Eng. histo- 
ry.) A person chosen by the army, in 1C47, to 
watch over its interests. 

Xg'let, 71. A tag of a point carved ; a pendant. 

ag'nail, 71. A disease of the nails ; a whitlow. 

Xg'nate, a. [agnatiis, L.] Akin from the father. 

Ag-na'tion, n. Descent from the same father. 

tAG-Nt"TloN (ag-nish'un), n. Acknowledgment. 

fAG-NTZE', V. a. To acknowledge. Sliak. 

Ag-no' MEN, n. [L.] A name given to a person 
from some event or illustrious action ; as Africof 
nus was the agnomen of the two Scipios. 

Ag-nom'!-nate, v. a. To name. [jK.] 

Ag-nom-i-na'tiqn (ag-nom-e-na'sliun), n. An 
allusion of one word to another, by sound. 

Ag'nus Cas'tits, n. [ L.] The chaste-tree. 

A-go', ad. In time past ; since ; as, " long ago." 

A-GOG', ad. In a state of desire. [A low word,] 

A-GO'iNG, p. a. In the act of going ; in action. 

fA-GONE' (a-gon', 21), ad. In time past ; ago. 

ag'o-nI^m (ag'o-nizni), 71. Contention for a prizes 

Xg'o-nist, h. a contender for prizes. 

Xg-P-nis'tarbh (ag-o-nis'tark), n. One who had 
the charge of exercising the combatants. 

Xg-P-nis'TIC, a. Same as agonistical. 

Xg-p-nis'ti-cal, a. Relating to prize-fighting. 

Xg'p-nize, v. a. To afflict with agony. 

Xg'p-nTze, v. n. To feel agony ; to be in pain. 

Xg'P-ny, 71. Violent pain ; suffering ; anguish. 

A-gra'ri-an, fl. Relat/iig to fields or grounds :. j 
relat^ing to the equal division of lands. 

A-GRA'Ri-AN-iijM, 71. The division of lands or 
othej- property among the jieople. 

A-grEe', «. 71. To he in concord; to grant; to 
yield -^ to settle amicably ; to ccuiciir. 

A-gree-a-bil,'!-TV, 71. Agreeableness. 

A-grei;'a-ble, a. Suitable to; conformable; ac^ 
cordant : — pleasant ; pleasing. 

Syn. — Agreeable to reason ; suitable to the occa- 

MiEN.s'lR; MOVE, NOR, SON; B0LL,Bi'3 rOle.— r, f/, g, .<«y^,• £,«, (J l,hardi ^asz; ^ as ^z : THJ3. 




slon ; rovfnrwaUe to circumstances : — nsrrcahh. 
conversation ; pleasant companion ; pleasing ad- 
i\-GREE'A-Bl.E-NESS, 71. State of being agreeable. 
A-GREE'A-BLVjflrf. Consistently witli ; pleasingly. 
A-GREEU', p. a. Settled l)y consent. 
.^-gree'ment, n. Act of agreeing ; concord; liar- 

mony : — bargain; stipulation; compact. 
A-GREs'Tlc, la. Rude ; rustic ; relating to the 
A-gres'ti-cal, \ country or to tields. 
iG'Ri-cuL-TOR, H. A cultivator of the earth. 
Ag-ri-ciTlt'u-ral, a. Relating to agriculture. 
XG'Ri-criLT-URE (ag'rekult-yur), ?i. The art of 

cultivating the ground ; tillage ; husbandry. 
XG-RNcDLT'u-RisT (ag-re-kQlt'yu-rlst), h. One 

skilled in agriculture ; a farmer. 
Xg'rj-mo-ny, )i. Liverwort, a plant. 
tA-GRl^E', V. a. To affright ; to disfigure. 
A-GRON'p-M Y, ?i. Cultivation; agriculture. 
1g-ros-t6g'RA-phv, n. Description of grasses. 
Ag-ros-tol'o-Cj^V; "■• That part of botany which 

treats of grasses. 
A-6r60nd', ad. On the ground ; stranded. 
a'gue (a'gu), 71. An intermitting fever, with 

coid fits succeeded by hot. 
a'gii-ish, a. Partaking of ague. 
a'GU-ish-ness, h. State of being aguish. 
Xh (a), mterj. Sometimes noting dislike, contempt, 
or exultation ; but most frequently, compassion 
and complaint. 
A-llA', interj. Noting triumph and contempt. 
A-HEAD' (a-hed'), ad. Farther on ; onward. 
fA-HlGH' (a-hi')j '"'• On high. Skak. 
AID (ad), V. a. To help ; to assist ; to support. 
AID (ad), H. Help ; support ; assistance ; a helper. 
JAID'ANCE (ad'ans), 7J. Help; support; aid. 
Jaid'ant (ad'jnt), a. Helping; helpful. 
jIide-de-Camp (ad'e-kawng'), «. ; pi. aides- 
de-camp. [Fr.] A military officer employed 
under a general to convey his orders. 
AID'less (ad'les), a. Helpless. Sliak. 
AI'gret (a'gret), n. The egret or heron. See 

ai'gu-let (a'gu-let),». A point of gold placed at 

the end of fringes ; an aglet. 
AIL (al), V. a. To pain ; to give pain ; to trouble. 
AIL (al), V. n. To be in pain or trouble. 
ail'img (al'ing), p. a. Sickly ; morbid ; ill. 
ail'ment (al'inent), n. Pain ; disease ; illness. 
AIM (am), V. n. To direct toward ; to strive. 
AIM (am), V. a. To direct, as a missi'e weapon. 
AIM (am), H. Direction towards a point; design ; 
_ purpose ; object ; tendency.. 
AIM'er (am'er), n. One who aims. 
AIM'less (am'les), a; Without aim or object. 
Air (ar), w. The fluid in which we breathe, and 
which surrounds the globe, consisting of two 
gases, oxygen and nitrogen ; atmosphere: — gen- 
tle wind : — the mien of a person : ■ a tune. 
Air (Ar), v. a. To expose to the air : — to warm. 
Air'-Bal-l66n', n. See Balloon. 
AIR'-BUiLT (ir'bllt), a. Built in the air. 
f AlR'-DRAWN, a. Drawn in air ; vis'onary. 
ArR'-GTiM, n. A gun charged with air. 
Air'-Hole, n. A hole to admit air. 
AiR'l-'^ESS, ?i. State of being airy ; gayety. 
AlR'lNG, 71. A short journey to enjoy the air. 
AlR'LiNG, n. A thoughtless, gay person, [jr.] 
Air'-Pump, v. a philosophical instrument for re- 
moving the air out of a vessel. 
Air'-ShAft, v. a passage for the air into mines. 
AlR'V, n. Relating to or admitting air : — gay. 
Aisle (T1), n. A walk in a church. 
ai-zo6n' (a-zoon'), n. (Bol.) A genus of plants. 
A-Jar', ad. Half or partly opened, as a door. 
Xj'V-ta^^e, 71. [Fr.] A pipe used in water-works. 
AKE, V. n. See Ache. 
A-Kim'bo, 0. Arclied ; crooked. 
A-kin', (/. Related to ; allied to by nature. 
XIv'a-bas-ter (12), 71. A white stone, a variety 
of gypsum, used for ornamental purposes. 

Xl'a-t?Ss-TER, n. Made of alabaster. 
A-l.'icK', interj. Alas! noting sorrow. 
A-LACK'A-X)AV,i7ifej7. JVoting sorrow and melan- 

A-lXc'RI-tv, 71. Cheerfulness; liveliness; gayety; 

.4 la Frangaise, (a-la-fran-saz'), [Fr.] After the 
French manner or fashion. 

a-la-mi'REj n. (Miis.) A low note. 

AL-A-MODE', ad. Acc(jrding to the fashion. 

al-a-mode', ;.'. A thin silk stiitf. 
Jl l^^nglaise (a-lang-glaz'), [Fr.J After the Eng- 
lish manner or fashiim. 

A-LARM', 71. A cry of danger ; sudden terror. 

Syn. — Jilann arises from announced danger , 
apprehension, from that which is expected. A cry 
o( alarm; a spectacle of /er .-or ; a sudden /7-iir//j. 

A-LARM', V. a. To impress with fear ; to terrify. 

A-LARM'-BiLLL, 7!. A bell rung noting danger. 

A-larm'-Cl6ck, n. A clock that may be made 
to sound an alarm, or to strike at any given tmie. 

A-larm'ing, p. a. Terrifying; giving alarm. 

A-larm'ist, 71. One who excites an alarm. 

A-larm'-Post, 71. TJie post appointed for men 
to appear at, in case of an alarm. 

A-larm'-Watch (ai-larni'woch), 71. A watch 
that strikes the hour by regulated movement. 

A-la'rijm, 77. An alariii-ciock. See Alarm. 

A-LAS' (19), interj. JVoting lamentation, grief, 
pity, or concern. 

ALB, 7!. [album, h.] A Roman priest's surplice. 

al'ba-tross, ?(. A large, web-footed bird. 

al-be'it, ad. Although ; notwithstanding. 

AL-Biis'cENT. a. Growing white ; whitish. 

Sl-bj-fi-Ca'IJQN, n. Act of making while. 

AL-Bi-«EN'SE§, A sect of Christians of the 
twelfth century, so called from ./llbi, a town ui 

Al-bT'n'i^m, 77. The state of an albino. 

Al-BI'NO or AL-BI'NO, 7i. ; pi. al-bi'no§. [Sp.] 
A white negroj^or a person unnaturally white. 

Xl-bu-(^in'e-ous, a. Resembling the white of an 

JiL-BV'oo,n. [L.] (Med.) A disease in the eye. 

Xl'bvm, ?j. a book for inserting autographs, &€. 

AL-Bu'MEN, 71. The white of an egg. 

Al-bu'min-oijs, a. Containing albumen. 

al'burn, a. See Auburn. 

AL-BiJR'NUM, 7i. The white or softer part of wood. 

aL'cA-HEST, n. See Alkahest. [Alcaus. 

Al-ca'jc, a. Noting the measure of the verse of 

Al-caid', Ti. [alcaide, Sp.] A Spanish governor of 
a castle or fort : — a warden ; a jailer. 

JiL-CAL'DE,n. [Sp.] A municipal judge. 

Al-jEhem'i-CAL, a. Relating to alclieniy. 

AL-jEHEM'i-CAL-LY, ad. By means of alchemy. 

Sl'£:he-mTst, 71. One versed in alchemy. 

Xl-jGhe-mTs'ti-cal, a. Acting like an alchemist. 

Xl'jGHE-mize, i;. a. To transmute. 

Al'jEhe-my, 77. The science of chemistry, as prac- 
tised in forn«r times; occult chemistry t — the 
transmutation of metals. 

Xl'bhv-my, 77. See Alchemy. 

Xl'co-hol, n. Highly rectified spirit ; pure spirit 
of wine : — ardent spirit 

XL-co-H6L'!C,a. Relating to or containing alcohol. 

XL-co-lloL-i-ZA'TioN, 7f. The actof alcoholizing. 

XL'cp-Hp-LIZE [al'ko-ho-Iiz, W. P. F. Ja. K. Sni.; 
al-co'ho-liz, S. J.], v. a. To make mi alcohol ; 
to rectify, as spirits. 

Xl-cp-h6l'me-te:r, 77. An instrument for deter- 
mining the quantity of alcohol in wines, &c. 

al'co-rXn, 71. [al & koran. Ax.] The Mahome- 
tan bible, or book containing the Mahometan faith 

Xl-co-rXn'ic, a. Relating to the Alcoran. 

AL-cbvE' [al-kov', S. W. P. ./. K. F. ./a. K. Sm. R.: 
ai'kov, fV'b.], n. A recess of a chamber, or of a 
library : — an arbor in a garden. 

Xl-da-ba'p an, n. A star in the constellation Tau- 
rus ; calLi* also llie bnW^- eye. 

al'der, n. A fee resembling the hazol. 

A, E,I,0,U, Y, litng; X, E, (, O, Tl, \, short; -J, E, !,p, V, V- obscure.- FAUR, FAR, VKST, ALL; II 6 1 R, HER: 




Il'der-mXn, 7?.; pi. al'der-mEn. An officer 
ill a town rorpurate, a city, or a corporation. 

tAL-DEti-MAN'l-TV, n. Tlie society of aldermen. 

ALE, 11. Fermented malt liquor. 

ale'-Con-ner, n. All inspector of alehouse 

A-lec'try-p-Man-cy, n. Divination by a cock. 

al'e-gar, 7i. Sour ale : — a kind of acid. 

ale'hoof, n. Ground-ivy. 

ale'house, n. A house where ale is sold. 

Al-e-man'N|C, a. Relating to the Alemanui. 

A-LEM'Bic, 71. A vessel used in distilling ; a still. 

A-LiJRT', a. On guard ; watcliful ; brisk; pert. 

A-LERT'ness, n. Watchfulness ; sprightliiiess. 

ale'-Vat, n. The tub in which ale is fermented. 

jA-LEW' (a-lo'), "• A shout ; halloo. Spenser. 

ALE'w^lFE, 7i. ; pi. ale'wive§. A Woman who 
keeps an alehouse : — a small fish ; a species of 

al-ex-an'drjne, n. A verse of twelve syllables. 

A-LEX-l-PHAR'Jlic (a-lek-se-far'mik), n. An an- 
tidote against poison or infection. 

A-LEX-}-PHAR'M!-CAL (a-lek-se-far'me-kal), a. 
Possessing the power of an antidote. 

A-LEX-!-TiiR'!C, ) a. That drives poison or 

A-LEX-i-Ti3R'!-CAL, ) fevers away. 

A-LEX-i-TfiR'ics, II. pi. (Med.) Preservatives 
against poisons and infection. 

J? '.' OA,n. ; pi. AL,' jJ^E. [L.] A plant ; sea-weed. 

^i>-iJA-ZEL', n. A beautiful species of antelope. 

}. L'(^E-BRA, n. A peculiar kind of arithmetic. 

^. (.-(^e-bra'ic, )a. Relating to algebra; per- 

Xl-(JE-bra'!-cal, \ formed by algebra. 

Xl-^^e-bra'i-cal-ly, a± By means of algebra. 

aTj-(,je-bra'ist, n. One well versed in algebra. 

AL'GOR^n. [L.] Extreme cold. Bailey. 

Xl'gp-ri^ih, / n. The art of computation by 

AL'go-rithm, i numeral figures ; arithmetic. 

iL'GUA-ZiL (al'ga-zel) [al'ga-z51,- Ja. Sia.; al'g?- 
zTl, £.], 71. A Spanish officer ot'justice. 

a' L I- AS, ad. [L.] Otherwise. — n. A kind of writ. 

AL' r-nf, n. [L., eldeickere.] [Law.) The plea of 
a person accused, who alleges that he was in 
another place when the crime was committed. 

{•Xl'i-ble, a. Nutritive; nourishing. 

Ai-.'lEN (al'yen), a. Foreign ; estranged from. 

AL'lEN (al'yen), 77. A foreigner; a stranger. — 
(Law.) A foreigner not naturalized as a citizen. 

X«,'lEN (al'yen), v. a. To alienate. 

AL-lEN-A-BiL'l-Ty, 7i. (Law.) Capacity of being 

al'ie:v-a-ble (al'yen-^-bl), a. Capable of being 
alienated or transferred. 

AL'IEN-ATE (al'yen-at), v. a. To transfer property 
to another : — to withdraw the afTections from ; 
to estrange. 

AL'ien-at'e (al'yen-at), a. Withdrawn from. 

AL-ien-a'tio\ (al-yen-a'shun), 71. Act of alienat- 
ing ; state of being alienated : — transfer of prop- 
erty : — mental derangement. 

au'ien-a-tor, n. One who transfers or alienates. 

AL-lENE'^dl-yen'), 7). a. (Law.) To alienate. 

al-ien-ee' (al-yen-5'), 77. (Law.) One to whom 
property is transferred. 

AL'lE!V-i§M, 7i. State of an alien. 

al'i-form, a. Having the form of wings. 

A-lTgiit' (a-lit'), 0. 11. To come down; to dis- 
mount ; to light. 

A-LiKE', ad. With resemblance ; equally. 

A-likb', a. Similar; like; equal. Fairfaz. 

>■ i.'i-MENT, 71. Nourishment; food; nutriment. 

> l-I-mEnt'al, a. Nutritious; nourishing. 

/i,-i-MiJNT'AL-LY, ad. Nutritiously. 

al-1-MENT'a-jii-nEss, 71. State of being aliment- 

al-i-mEnt'A-RY, a. Belonging to or alTording ali- 
ment : — conveying aliment. 

Xi. i-MipN-TA'TiQN, 71. Act of nourishing. 

AL-i-Mi;M'T!VF.-\iisa 71. (Pkrcn.) The organ of 
appetite for food. 

Xl-!-m6'.N!-oOs, u. Nourishing; alimental. 

Xl'i-mo-nv, 71. An allowance to which a wifa 
is entitled, upon separation from her husband. 

Xl'i-ped, u. Wing-footed ; swift-footed. 

XL'i-QUANT [al'e-kvvant, S. P. J. F. Ja. Sm. ; al'e- 
kwont, JV. K.], a. Aliquant parts of « imniber are 
such as, however repeated, will never make u|t 
the number exactly ; as, 3 is an aliquant jiart of 10. 

Xl'i-quot, a. Aliquot parts of any number are 
such as will exactly measure it, without any re- 
mainder ; as, 3 is an aliquot part of 12. 

A-LIVE', a. Not dead: — active; cheerful; lively. 

Xl'ka-hest, 71. A pretended universal solvent. 

Xl-ka-les'cent, a. Partaking of alkali. 

Xl.'KA-L! or al'ka-li [al'kfi-Ie, S. IV. P. J. K. F. 
Sm. ; al'ka-lij •''"•Jj "• ' P}- Xl'ka-LIES. A sul>- 
stance that neutralizes acids. Potash is a'vegetable, 
soda a mineral, and ammonia a volatile alkali. 

Al-kal'j-fy, (I. a. To change to an alkali. 

Xl-ka-lim'e-ter, 77. An instrument for ascertain , 
ing the strength of alkalies. 

Xl'KA-LINE or al'ka-lIne [al'ka-lln, fV. J. E, 
F. Sm. ; al'ka-lln, S. P. Ja K.], a. Having tha 
qualities of alkali. 

al-ka-lTn'i-tv, 71. Quality of an alkali. 

fAL-KAL't-ZATE, ?'. a. To make bodies alkaline. 

fAL-KAL-i-ZA'TioN, 71. Act of rendering alkaline. 

Xl'ka-lIze, v. a. To make alkaline. 

al'ka-loTd, 71. (Cliem.) A vegetable principle 
having alkaline properties. 

Al-ker'me§, n. A confection made of kermes. 

All, 77. The whole ; every thing. 

ALL, a. The whole ; every one ; every part. 

Syn. 4W comprises e\ ery one taken together ; 

every comprises every one taken singly. Jill men ; 
every man. 

ALL, ad. Quite ; completely ; wholly ; entirely. — 
[j311 is much used in composition ; but, in most in- 
stances, it is merely arbitraiy. It adds force to 
the word ; as, all-honored, aU-powerfiil, &.C.] 

all-a-l6ng' (21), ad. Throughout ; in the whole. 

all-Fo6l§-Day', 71. The first of April. 

ALL-FouR§' (ail-forz'), 77. A low game at cards. 

all-hail', interj. A term of salutation. 

ALL-IlAL'Lpw§ (all-hal'loz), (1. All-saints-day. 

all-Hal'low-mass, ) a. The term near All- 

all-Hal'low-tjde, S saints-day, or the 1st of 

ALL'-HiJAL (all'hel), n. A species of iron-wort. 

all-Saints-Uay' (all-sants-da'),7i. The day dedi- 
cated to all the saints ; the 1st of November. 

all-Souls-Day', 71. The 2d of November. 

ALL- wise', a. Possessed of infinite wisdom. 

AL-LAY'^(al-la'), v. a. To soothe ; to assuage; to 
appease : — to debase, as a metal. See Allov. 

Syn. — .Sllay thirst ; appease hunger ; soothe pain 
or care; assuage grief; alleviate sorrow; relieve 

AL-lay',7i. a base metal. See Alloy. > 

Al-lay'er, 71. The person or thing tliat allays. 

fAL-LAY'MENT, 71. Act or power of allaying. 

JaL-lec-ta'tion, 77. Allurement; enticement. 

AL-LE-GA'TipN, 71. Act of alleging; thing al- 
leged ; affirmation ; declaration ; a plea. 

AL-lE(^e' (al-lej'), V. a. To affirm; to declare; 
to plod. 

AL-Liif^E'A-BLE (al-lej'a-bl), a. That may ba 

fAL-LE^E'MENT (al-lej'ment), 71. Allegation, 

Al-leg'er (^1-lej'er)^ n. One who alleges. 

AL-Li2'(jHAN^E (al-15'jans), n. The obedience or 
fidelity which a citizen or subject owes to a sov- 
ereign or to government ; loyalty. 

X L-LE-GOR'jC, la. Relating to or partaking 

Xl-le-g6r'!-cal, j of allegory; figurative. 

Xl-le-gor'i-cal-ly, ad. In an allegorical man- 

Xl-le-gor'i-cal-nEss, 77. State of being alle- 

A L'LE-Gp-RIST, 71. One who teaches allegorically. 

al'le-gp-rTze, v. a. To turn into alletrory. 

Xl'le-gp-rize, v. n To peak allegorically. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, SON; bOll, BIJR, rOlE V) V> o> *"/''■ •^'- G,C,^,hard,' l}asz.;\ asgz: THIS. 




Xl'le-GO-rTz-ER, n. An aHefiorist. 

Xl.'le-go-rv, r/. A figurative a K-.cuurse or repre- 
sentation, in which the words signify something 
beyond their literal and direct meaning ; a sym- 
bolical writing :_a type : — a fable. 

AL-le-gret' TO, ad. [It.J {Mus.) Denoting 
time less quick than allegro. 

Al-le'gro [al-le'gro, S. W. J. E. F. K. Sm.; al- 

' Wgxo,Ja.],ad. [It.] {Mils.) Denoting a sprightly 
motion. It originally means gay, as in Milton. 

)iL-LE-LU'JA.M(3.\-\e-\\x'y^), interj. & n. A word 
of spiritual exultation, signifying prawe Ood. 

AI.-LE-MANDE' (sLlAe-mind), n. [Ft.] A brisk 
German dance. — (Mits.) A slow air. 

Al-le'vi-ATE, v. a. To ease ; to soften ; to allaij. 

^L-LE-vi-A'TiQN, n. Act of alleviating ; that 
which alleviates ; mitigation ; relief. 

AL-LE'vi-A-TiVE, K. A palliative. 

Xl'ley (aVle), n.i pi. Al'eey§. A walk; a 
narrow passage. 

Xl-li-a'ceous (iil-e-a'shus), a. Partaking of 
garlic or onions. 

4VL-Li'ANCE, ?(. A confederacy; a league: — 
affinity ; relation by marriage, or by kindred. 

Syn. — A matrimonial alliance ; an alliance be- 
tween nations ; a coDfederacy or confederation of 
different states ; a combination of individuals ; a 
coalition of parties ; a solemn league ; natural 

tAL-LT"ciEN-CY (al-ltsh'en-se), n. Attraction. 

tA.L-Ll"ClENT (al-iish'ent), n. An attractor. 

AL'Lj-GATE, V. a. To join together ; to unite. 

Xl-li-ga'tipn (al-le-ga'shun), n. The act of 
tying together : — a rule of arithmetic. 

Il'l 1-ga-tqr, n. An American reptile or croco- 

6.L'L i-oTH, n. (Mstron.) A star in the tail of the 
Gre;it Bear. 

,ft.L-rVi ■ siQN (al-lizh'un), n. The act of striking 
one tiling against another. 

Ai,-LiT-ER-A'TipN, n. The repetition of the same 
letter, chiefly at the beginning of words ; as, "./Spt 
alliteration's artful aid." 

Al-lit'er-a-ti've, a. Relating to alliteration. 

/L-LO-cA'TlQN,?!. The act ofplacing or adding to. 

AZ-LO-CA'TUR,n. [L.] (Law.) Allowance of a 

AL-Lp-cu'TiON, n. The act of speaking to an- 

Al-lo'im-ae, o. Not feudal ; independent. 

JlL-Lo'Dl-UM, n. [L.] {Law.) Land held by an 
individual in his own right. 

AL-LON^E' (al-lQnj') [al-lunj', S. W. ./. Ja. Sm.; 
al-16nj', P. K.], n. A pass or thrust with a rapier 
or sword in fencing ; a lunge : — a long rein. 

Al-l66',c. a. To set on ; to halloo. See Halloo. 

Xl-lq-path'ic, a. Relating to allopathy. 

Al-l6p'a-thTst, n. One who adheres to allop- 

Al-l6p'A-thy, n. (Med.) The art of curing dis- 
eases by inducing symptoms difl^erent from those 
of the primary disease: — the common practice, 
opposed to homaopatliy. 

Al-l6t', v. a. To assign; to apportion; to dis- 

Syn. 9llot a task or portion ; apportion an es- 
tate ; distribute gifts ; assign a reward. 

Al-l6t'ment, n. A share ; part appropriated. 

Al-l6t'ter-y, n. Allotment. Skak. 

AL-LOW', V. a. To admit : to permit ; to grant ; to 
yield : — to make abatement or provision. 

Al-LOw'a-BLE, a. That may be allowed. 

Al-lo w'A-BLE-NESS, 71. State of being allowable. 

Ae-lov^'a-BLY, ad. With claim of allowance. 

Al-Lo\^'ance, w. Sanction ; license ; permission : 
— abatement : — a grant or stipend : — settled rate. 

Al-low'ance, v. a. To put upon allowance. 

AL-Eov', 7(. baser metal mixed with a finer 

one: — a dei sed substance. 

AL-Eov', 71. a. To debase by mixing, as metals. 
AL-LO y'ac^e, ;i Art of alloying ; alloy. 

all'spTce, n. Jamai<"a pepper or pimenta. 

Al-liide', v. 7!. To refer ; to hint at ; to glance 

Syn lillude to an author or an atfair ; refer u- i 

datej hivt at a circumstance ; glance at a subjwct. 

Al-lu'mi-nqb, n. A colorer or painter upon paper. 

AL-LilRE', 71. a. To entice ; to decoy ; to attract. 
Sijn. — The love of pleasure allures; words en- 
tice ; arts and stratagems decoy ; good qualities at- 
tract j_ passions, persons, and things tempt. 

fAL-LUBE', n. Something set up to entice ; a hire. 

Al-lure'ment, n. An enticement; a temptation. 

Al-lur'er, 7j. One who allures. 

Al-lur'ing, a. Tempting; seducing; enticing. 

Al-lur'ing-ly, ad. In an alluring manner. 

Al-LUR'ing-NESS, n. Enticement. 

Al-lu'siqn (al-lu'zhun), n. Act of alluding; a 
reference to something known ; a hint. 

AL-m'siVE, a. Making allusion ; hinting. 

Al-Li1'sive-ly, ad. In an allusiv manner. 

AL-Lii'sivE-NESS, ?!. Stat of being allusive. 

Al-lO'vi-AL, a. Pertaining t- alluvion ; carried 
by water ; added to land by tin wash of water. 

AL-Lll^vi-ON, n. Alluvial land ; alluvium. 

fAL-LU'Vl-OUS, a. Same is alluvial. 

AL-Lu'vi-VM,n.; pi. AL-l.v'ri-A. [t,.] An ac- 
cumulation of earth, sand; gravel, &c. by action 
of water ; alluvial land. 

AL-ly', v. a. To unite by kirdred or friendship. 

Al-ly', 77. ;pl. al-lTe§'. One who is allied ; oue 
united by kindred, friendship, or confederacy. 

Syn. — A political ally; a wicked confederate \ 
an habitual associate. 

AL' MA or ai.'me, n. A dancing-girl in the East. 

AL-MA-CAN'TAR,n. [Ar.J A Small circle of tile 
sphere, parallel to the horizon. 

AL-MA-c A n'tar'^-Staff, 7!. Ap instrument used 
to take observations of the sun. 

Sl'ma-(^est, n. [almagestum, L.] An ancient as- 
tronomical work of Ptolemy. 

Al'ma Md'ter, n. [L.] " Benign mother" ; a term 
applied to tne university or college wliere one was 

al'ma-nac, 77. An annual calendar of months, 
weeks, and days ; an annual register with u cal 
endar ; calendar. 

Xl'man-dIne (19), n. A kind of inferior ruby. 

Xl'mij-ry, 77. a niche ; cupboard ; locker. 

al-migh'ti-ness (al-mi'te-nes), 77. Unlimited 
power ; omnipotence ; an attribute of God. 

Xl-MIGH'ty (al-mi'te), a. Having unlimited pow- 
er ; omnipotent. 

al-mIgh'ty (al-nii'te), 77. The Omnipotent ; God, 

*AL'MpND (i'mund) [i'mund, S. IV. ./. F. Ja. K, 
Sm. ; al'mund. P.], n. The nut of the almond- 

*AL'MpND-FiJR-NACE, ) n. A fiimace used 

AL'MAN-FtiR-NACE (a'man-), ] in refining. 

*al'mpnd§ (a'mundz), 71. p/. {Anat.) Two glands 
on the side of the tongue ; the tonsils. 

al'MPN-er, 7i. The officer of a prince, &c. em- 
ployed in the distribution of alms or charity. 

Xl'mpn-ry, 77. The place wliere an almoner re- 
sides, or where alms are distributed. 

Al'most [al'most, W.Ja.; al-most', S. P ./. Sm.:. 
al-most' or al'most, i**.], ad. Nearly; well-nigh. 

ALM§ (amz), 7i. sing. & pi. A gift or benefactioa 
to the poor ; a charitable donation. 

ALMij'DisED (imz'ded), 71. An act of charity. 

ALM§'Giv-ER (imz'gTv-er), w. A giver of alms. 

ALM^'Giv-lNG, n. Act of giving alms. 

ALM^'HoftSE (amz'hous), 77. A house devoted t. 
the reception and support of the poor. 

XlM!J'mXn (Imz'nian), 77. A man living on alms. 

al'ivhjg-Treij, n. A tree mentioned in S'-.'iptiire, 

Xl'na(JE, 77. A measure by the ell ; ell-measure. 

A L'NA-qtER, n. A measurer by the ell. 

Xl'oe, 71. ,• pi. Xl'or^ (al'oz). A tree ; a wood 
perfumes : — a resinous, cathartic drug 

Xl-P-Et'ic, la. Relating to aloes i consistiuj, 

^L-p-fsT'l-cAL, \ chiefly of aloes. 

A-l6ft' (21), ad. On high ; above ; in the air. 

A, E,1.0, V,\,long; X, E,T,6, Cr, \, short; A, E, 1,0, V<y o(;.v-.Mrc— FARE. FAR, FAST, ALL; HEIR, li EH- 




Xl'p-mXn-CY, n. Divination by salt. 
iV-LONE', a. Single ; without company ; solitary. 
Syn. — A person walks alone, or takes a solitary 

walk, in a lonely place. 
A-l6ng' (21), ad. Throughout ; forward ; onward. 
A-I,6ng', prep. Near ; by the side of. 
A-l5ng'-side, ad. By the side of a ship. 
A-l66f-, ud. At a distance ; far apart. 
A-loud', ad. Loudly ; with a great noise. 
Al-pac'a, n. A species of Peruvian sheep. 
Al' PHA, n. The first letter in the Greek alphabet, 

answering to our A , i/sed for the first. 
XL'PHA-BliT, n. The letters of a language. 
Xl'pha-bet, K. a. To range in alphabetic order. 
Al-pha-bet-a'ri-an, rt. An A B C scholar. 
Xl-pha-bEt'lc, ) a. Relating to, or being in 
Xl-pha-bet'I-cal, \ the order of, the alphabet. 
AL-PHA-BET'i-CAL-LY, ad. In an alphabetical 

Xl'pine or Xl'pine [al'pin, W. P. Sm. ; al'pin, E. 

Ja. K.], a. Relating to, or resembling, the Alps ; 

high ; mountainous. 
Al-read'y (tLl-red'e), ad. Now ; at this time. 
Al'so, ad. In the same manner ; likewise. 
al'so, conj. Noting addition or conjunction. 
Xlt, a. &n. {Mus.) High: — high part. See Alto. 
Al'tar, n. The place on which sacrifices are 

offered : — the table in churches where the com- 
munion is administered. 
Al'tar-a(^e, 71. {Law.) Emolument of priests 

from oblatjons to the altar. [/?.] 
over the altar. 

Xl'tar-Piece (dl'tar-pes), n. A painting placed 

Al'ter, v. a. To change ; to make otherwise. 

Xl'ter, v. n. To suffer change ; to vary. 

AL'TER-A-BLE, a. That may be changed or altered. 

Xl'ter-a-ble-ness, i n. State of being alter- 

Xl-ter-a-bil'i-ty, \ able. 

Al'ter-a-bly, ad. In a changeable manner. 

al'ter-ant, a. Producing change. 

Al'ter-ant, n. An alterative medicine. 

Al-ter-a'tion, n. The act of altering; change. 

AL'TER-A-TfVE, 71. A medicine that operates by 
slow and imperceptible degrees. 

Al'ter-a-t'ive, a. Having the quality of altering. 

*Xl'ter-cate, v. n. To wrangle ; to contend with. 

*Xl-TER-ca'TION [al-ter-ka'shun, S. IV. .J. E. F. 
Ja. K. Sm,! al-ter-ka'shun. P.], n. Debate ; con- 
troversy ; wrangle ; contest ; dispute. 

Xl'tern, a. Acting by turns ; alternate. 

Al-tjsr'nate, a. One after another ; reciprocal. 

Al-ter'nate, n. What happens alternately. 

Al-ter'nate or Xl'ter-nate [al-ter'nat, W. 

' P. F. K. Sm. R. C. ; al'ter-nat, E. Wb. : al-ter-nat', 
Ja.], V. a. To perform alternately ; to change re- 

Al-ter'nate-LY, ad. In reciprocal succession. 

Al-ter'nate-ness, n. State of being alternate. 

Xl-ter-na'tiqn, n. Reciprocal succession. 

AL-Ti3R'NA-TivE,7i. A choice given of two things. 

Al-ter'na-tive, a. Reciprocally changing. 

Al-ter'na-tive-ly, od. By turns ; reciprocally. 

Al-tilr'na-tive-ness, n. Reciprocation. 

fAL-TER'Ni-TY, n. Reciprocal succession. 

Al-the'a, 7j. ; pi. al-the'a§. a flowering shnib. 

Al-thou&h' (al-th6),co»7. iSrantthat ; though ; if. 

Al-til'o-qu£nce, 77. Pompous language, [r.] 

Al-tim'e-ter, 77. An instrument for measuring 

Al-tim'e-try, 7!. Art of measuring heights. 

Al-TIS'9-nAnt, a. Porr,p<)US or lofty in sound. 

Xl'TT-Tude, 77. Height; elevation ; highest point. 

XL'To,n. [It.] {Mas.) The highest part for male 

al-to-gEth'er, ad. Completely ; entirely ; whol- 
ly : — coniiwictly ; in company. 

Al'tQ ri-lie'vo (al't9-re-l5'v6), 77. [It.] That kind 
of relief in sculpture which projects as much as 
the life ; high relief. 

Xl'i;-del, 77. A subliming pot, used in chemistry. 

XL'yM, n. A mineral salt, of an acid taste. 

A-Lif'Mi-NA, n, {Chan.) A kind of earth: tdt 

earthy oxide of aluminum. 
Xl'v-mine, 77. A kind of earth ; alumina. 
A-lu'mi-noOs, a Consisting of alum. 
A-lu'mi-nDm, n. The metallic base of alumina. 
ai.'um-/sh, a. Partaking of alum. 
Ji-LUM'NUS,n.; pi. A-LUM'Nf. [L.] A pupil; 

— a graduate of a college or university. 
al'um-Stone, 77. A stone used in surgery. 
fAL-u-TA'TiON, 71. The tanning of leather. Bailey. 
al'v^-A-RY, 77. A beehive. Baret. 
Al-Ve'P-lar [^l-ve'9-lar, K. Diuiglison, Branded 

al'v^-6-lar, Sm. fVb.], a. Full of sockets or pits. 
AL-Ve'o-LA-RY, a. Same as alveolar. 
Al-ve'q-late, a. Fonned like a honeycomb. 
Al-ve'p-l]te, 71. A fossil zoophyte. 
Xl'vine [al'vin, S7J7. ; al'vln,^.], a. Relating to, 

or proceeding from, the belly or intestines. 
AL'wAYij (al'waz), ad. Perpetually ; constantly. 
A-LYS' suM,n. [L.] {Bnt.) Aladwort plantain. 
Xm. The first person singular, present tense, of the 

verb to be. See Be. 
Xm-^-bil'i-ty, 77. Loveliness. See Amiability. 
A-main', ad. With vehemence ; with vigor. 
A-mal'gam, 77. A combination of mercury with 

other metals ; any mixture. 
A-mal'ga-mate, v. a. To combine mercury with 

other metals ; to mix. 
A-mXl-ga-ma'tiqn, 77. The act of amalgamating. 

A-MAN-U-EN'SIS, 77. ; pi. A-MAN-U-EN'SE§. [l,.] 

A person who writes what another dictates. 

Xm'a-ranth, 77. A genus of plants ; a flower 
which long retains its color : — a purplish color. 

Xm-a-ran'thine, a. Partak'ng of amaranth. 

am-a-ryl'lis, 77. {Bot.) A genus of bulbous plants. 

A-MASS' (19), V. a. To collect together ; to heap up. 

A-mass'ment, 77. Aheap; an accumulation. 

Xm-a-teur' (am-^-tur'), [am-a-tur', P. Ja. K. f 
am-a-tar', W. ; am-a-tor', F. ; am'^-ti'', E. ; am- 
a-tiir', S777. |, n. [Fr.] A lover of any art or sci- 
ence, not a professor ; a virtuoso. 

Xm'a-tive-ness, 77. {Phren.) The amatory prin- 
ciple, or a propensity to love. 

xm"-a:?6'ri:an: i -^^ ^<''^«"g t° 1°^'' ; ^'""">y- 

am'a-to-ry, a. Relating to love ; causing love. 

AM-AU-RO' SIS, 77. [Gr.] {Med.) Diminution or 
loss of sight ; drop serene. 

A-Maze', ti. a. To astonish ; perplex; confound. 
Syn. imaied at what is frightful or incompre- 
hensible ; astonished at what is striking ; perplexed, 
confounded, or confused at what is embarrassing ,• 
surprised at what is unexpected. 

fA-MAZE', 77. Astonishment ; confusion. 

A-maz'ed-ly, ad. Confusedly ; with amazement. 

A-maz'ed-nEss, 77. Astonishment ; confusion. 

A-maze'ment, 77. Confusion; astonishment. 

A-MAZ'lNG, p. a. Wonderful ; astonishing. 

A-MAZ'tNG-LY, ad. Wonderfully. 

am'a-zoN, 77. A warlike woman ; a virago. 

AM-A-zo'Ni-AN, a. Relating to Amazons ; warlike. 

Jil\l-BA' GElf, n. pi. [L.] A circuit of words. 

Am-bXs'sa-doh, 77. A foreign minister of the 
highest rank sent on public business from one 
sovereign power to another. 

Syn. — An ambassador and plenipotentiary imply 
the highest representative rank. An ambassadi'jr 
and resident, or minister resident, are permanent 
functionaries. An envoy and resident are func- 
tionaries of the second class of foreign ministers ; 
and a chargi d'affaires is one of the third or low- 
est class. 

Am-bas'sa-drEss, 77. The lady of an ambassador. 

am'BAS-sy, 77. See Embassy. 

Xm'ber, 77. A carbonaceous mineral, highly elec- 
trical, of yellow color, and generally transparent. 

Xm'ber, a. Consisting of amber. 

Xm'ber-grIs (17), 77. A fragrant substance of ani- 
mal origin, used as a perfume and a cordial. 

Am-bi-dkx'ter, 77. [L.] One that can use both 
hands alike : — a double-dealer. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, SON; bOll, BUR, rOle. — 9, (?, g, s(/t ; £, fi,(^,^,hard ; Saszj ?a«gB: THI4 




Xm-bi-dex-ter't-ty, n. State of being ambidex- 
trous : — double-dealing. 

Xm-bi-dex'trous, a. Using both hands alike. 

SM-Bi-DEX'TROUS-NESS, n. Ambidexterity. 

Xm'bi-ent, a. Surrounding ; encompassing. 

AM'B!-GU,n. [Fr.j A medley of dishes. 

AM-Bj-Gu'l-TY, n. State of "being ambiguous; 
equivoeainess ; uncertainty of signification. 

i^M-BiG'u-oDs, o. Having two meanings ; doubt- 
ful ; equivocal. 

Syn. — His language is so ambiguoxLs that his 
meaning is dnnbtfid. He seems to use equivocal 
words in order to mislead. 

Am-big'u-ous-ly, arf. Doubtfully; uncertainly. 

Am-bIg'u-ous-ness, n. Uncertainty of meaning. 

+Am-bTl'o-QUV, n. Use of doubtful expressions. 

Am'BJT, II. The compass or circuit of anything. 

AM-Bi"TlON (am-bish'un), n. Eager desire of su- 
periority, power, honor, or fame ; emulation. 

jA.M-Bi"Tlous (am-bish'us), a. Possessed of ambi- 
tion ; desirous of superiority ; aspiring. 

AM-BT"Tlous-Ni3SS, n. State of being ambitious. 

am'ble, v. n. To move upwn an amble ; to move 
easily ; to pace. 

Xm'ble, n. An easy motion of a horse ; a pace. 

am'bler, n. A horse that ambles ; a pacer. 

Xm'bling, p. a. Moving with an amble. 

Jm'bling-lv, ad. With an ambling movement. 

Am'bS, n. A reading-desk or pulpit. 

JiM-BRb' ^i-A (am-bro'zhe-a), n. [L.] The im- 
aginary' food of the gods : — the name of a plant. 

AM-BRO'^l-AL (am-bro'zhe-al), )a. Of the nature 

Am-bro'^i-an (am-bro'zhe-an), ( of ambrosia ; 
delicious ; fragrant. 

AM'BRY, n. An almonry: — a pantry. 

AMB^-ace' (amz-as') [amz-as', W. J. F. Ja. K. ; 
amz'as', S. ; amz'as, P. Sm.], n. A double ace. 

am'bu-lAnce, n. [Fr.] A military movable hos- 
pital attached to an army. 

jCm'bij-lXnt, a. Moving from place to place. 

tXM'BlJ-LATE, V. n. To move hither and thither. 

AM-BV-LA'TipN, w. A walking ; a promenade. 

am'bu-la-tq-ry, a. Walking about ; movable. 

Xm'bv-la-to-ry, n. A place for walking. 

X?i(l'BlJ-RY, n. A bloody wart on a horse. 

iM-BtJs-CADE', 71. A secret station in which men 
lie to surprise others ; an ambush. 

. am-bus-cade', v. a. To lie in wait for. 

aM'bush, n. A place where troops lie in wait; an 

/m'bushed (am'busht), p. a. Placed in ambush. 

Asi-Btjs'TlON (am-bilst'yun), n. {Med.) A burn 

Xm'^l, n. Enamel. See Enamel. [or scald. 

A-MEL'ip-RATE (a-mel'yo-rat), v. a. To improve ; 
to make better ; to meliorate. See Meliorate. 

A-mel-iq-ra'tion (a-mSI-yo-ra'shun), «. Act of 
making better ; improvement ; melioration. 

A'men' [a-men', S. P. J. F. Ja. K. R. ; a'inen', W. 
F. Sm. — In singing, it is commonly pronounced 
a'men'], ad. A term of assent used in devotions, 
meaning, at the end of a prayer, so be it ; at the 
end of a creed, so it is. 

A-ME-NA-BiL'i-TY, ) 71. State of being amenable ; 

A-ME'NA-BLE-Nfiss, \ responsibility. 

A-me'na-ble, a. Responsible ; liable to account. 

A-mEnd', v. a, to correct ; to rectify ; to reform. 
Syn. — To amevd, correct, rectify, reform, and 
emend imply the lessening of evil ; to improve 

I and better, the increase of good. Amend what is 

1 wrong ; correct what is erroneous ; rectify mis- 
takes ; improve inventions ; reform the life. 

^-MiJND', V. n. To grow better; to reform. 

i^-MEND'a-BLE, a. Reparable ; corrigible. 

jajfBiVDE (a-mand'), M. [Fr.] A fine ; amends. — 
Amende lionorable, an infamous punishment. — An 
apology for an injury ; reparation ; satisfaction. 

j^-MBNO'lviEiVT, n Act of amending ; improve- 
ment reformation ; recovery ; correction. 

A-MErvDij', H. Recompense; compensation. 

' -\ie.\'!-TV [a-men'e-te, S W. P. J. E. F. Ja.], n. 
Pleasantness ; agreeableness. 

Xm'ent, n. [amentum, L.] (Sot.) Catkin. 

Sm-en-ta'ceous (-shus), a. {Bot.) Hanging aE 
by thread ; having catkins. 

A-merce', V. a. To punish by fine or penalty. 

A-MisRCE'A-BLE, a. Liable to amercement. 

A-MERCE'ment, 71. {Law.) A pecuniary fine, ot 
penalty, imposed on an offender at the discretion 
of the court. 

A-MiJR'cER, 71. One who amerces. 

A-MER'ci-a-m£NT, n. Same as amercement. 

A-MfiR'i-cAN-if M, n. A word, phrase, or idiom 
peculiar to America. 

ame^-ace' (amz-as'), n. See Ambs-Ace. 

am'e-th VST, n. A precious stone of a violet color. 

Im-e-thyst'ine, a. Resembling an amethyst. 

a-mi-A-bTl'i-TY, n. Loveliness , amiableness. 

A'MI-a-ble, u. Lovely; pleasing, charming. 

Syn. Amiable is applied to persons or moral 

qualities. An amiable woman ; amiable disposi, 
tion ; a lovely figure ; a lovely child ; a charming 

_ voice; deliglitful or pleasin g mKnuera. 

a'mi-a-BLE-ness, ?(. Loveliness; agreeableness. 

a'mi-a-bly, ad. In an amiable manner. 

Sm'i-anth, n. Earth-flax. See Amianthus. 

am-i-Xn'thus, 71. [L.] {Min.) Earth-flax; the 
flaxen variety of asbestos. 

Xm'i-ca-ble, a. Friendly ; kind ; obliging. 

Syn. Imicable relations, terms ; friendly inter- 
course ; a peaceable citizen; a kind or obliging 

Xm'i-ca-ble-nEss, 71. Friendliness; good-will. 

Xm'i-ca-BLY, ad. In an amicable manner. 

Xm'ice (am'is), 71, The undermost part of a Cath- 
olic priest's shoulder-cloth or alb. 

A-mTd', I prep. In the midst of; mingled with ; 

A-MIDST', ) among; surrounded by. 

A-MID'SHIPS, af/. JVaut. In the middle of a ship. 

A-Miss', arf. Faultily; wrong; improperly. 

Xm'i-tv, 71. Friendship; good-will; harmony. 

AM-MO'NI-A, n. A volatile alkali. See Alkali. 

Am-Mo'ni-Xc, n. Sl a. A gum resin : — The name 
of two drugs, gum ammoniac and sal ammoniac. 

Xm-mq-nVa-cae, a. Containing ammonia. 

Am-mo'ni-Dm, n. The metallic base of ammonia. 

am-mu-nT"tion (am-mu-nish'un), n. Military 
stores, as powder, balls, shells, &c. 

Xm'nes-ty, n. An act of general pardon. 

A-m6ng', }prep. Mingled with; conjoined with J 

A-m6ngst', \ amidst. 

fXM'p-RiST, 71. A lover; a gallant. 

AM-o-Ro' ?A, n. [It.] A wanton ; a courtesan. 

AHi-g-Ro' t}0, n. fit.] A man enamored. 

Xm'o-ROlis, a. Relating to or inclined to love ; en- 
amored ; full of love ; loving. 

Xm'P-roDs-ly, ad. In an amorous manner. 

Xm'P-rous-ness, 71. Fondness ; lovingness. 

A-MOR'phous, a. Shapeless; without form. 

|A-M0RT', a. or a<i. Lifeless. Shak. 

A-mor'tise or A-mor'tize [a-mor'tiz, fV. P. F. 

' Ja. Sm. ; a-mbr'tiz, S. E. K. JVb.], v. a'. To trans- 
fer to mortmain ; to alien. 

A-MOR-Ti-ZA'TipN, ) 71. {Law.) The right of trars- 

A-MOR'TJZE-MiiNT, ( ferring lands to mortmain. 

A-M(JfiNT',7;. 71. To rise to; to compose in the whole. 

A-MOUNT', 71. The aggregate; sum total. \ 

Amour', 71. [Fr.] An affair of love ; intrigue. 

A-m6ve', 7'. a. To remove ; to move. 

Xm'per-sXnd, 71. The character S,-, representing 
the conjunction and. 

Am-phib'i-an, 71. An amphibious animal. 

AM-PHTB'i-bris (am-fib'e-us), a. Having the fac- 
ulty of living in two elements, air and water. 

Am-phib'i-ous-ness (am-f ib'e-us-nes), 7i. Capa. 
bility of living in diflferent elements. 

Am-phib-p-lo^'i-cal, a. Doubtful ; ambiguous. 

AM-PHj-BoL'p-GY, 71. Ambiguous discourse. 

AM-phTb'p-lous, a. Tossed from one to another. 

Am-phib'p-ly, 71. Discourse of various meaning. 

Xm'phi-BrXch (am'fe-bnik), n. {Rhet.) A foot, 
consisting of three syllables, the middle one long, 
the other two short. 

1,6, C, Y,long; X, E,T, 6,il,Y,short; .A., E, I, Q, y, y, oftscwc. — FARE, far, fAst, ALL; HEIR, HER; 




;A.M:-PHic-Tf -ON'lC, o. Relating to the council of 

the Jimpiiictyons in ancient Greece. 
AM-PiiiM'A-CER, It. (Rhet.) A poetic foot of three 
syllables, the nikldle one short, and tlie otliers long. 
j^M-PHIP'ro-stvle, n. {Arcli.) A temple having 
a portico in front and rear, but without columns 
at the sides. 
Am-phI" sci-i {^m-{i?ih's-i), [L.] People 
who inhabit the torrid zone, whose shadows fall 
sometimes north, and sometimes south. 
Xm-ph)-the'a-tre (am-fe-th5'9-ter), n. A build- 
ing of a circular or oval form, having its area en- 
compassed with rows of seats, one above another, 
and used for public shows, such as combats. 
Xm-phi-the-at'ri-cal, a. Relating to an am- 
phitheatre, or to exhibitions in an auipiiitlieatre. 
am' PHO-RA,n.; -pi. am' PHO-R^. [L.] A jug 
or vessel with a double spout : — a vase with two 
Xm'ple, a. Large; wide ; extended ; spacious ; broad. 
Syn. — An ample allowance; a. large ox copious 
supply ; a spacious house ; a wide space ; an ez- 
tended prospect. 
Am-pl£x'!-caul, a. (^BoL) Clasping the stem. 
AM-PLl-Fl-CA'TipiN, 71. Act of amplifying; en- 
largement : diff'useness. 
am'pli-fj-er, n. One who amplifies. 
AM'PL.i-FY, V. a. To enlarge; to extend; to ex- 
aggerate ; to speak or write diffusely. 
AM'PLl-FY, V. n. To speak largely ; to exaggerate. 
a>i'pli-tude, n. Extent; largeness; capacity; 

copiousness : — an arc of the horizon. 
Xm'ply, arf. Largely; liberally; copiously. 
Xm-pvl-la'ceou's (-shus), a. Shaped like a bottle 

or bladder. 
Xm'PV-tate, v. a. To cut off, as a limb or branch. 
Xm-pu-Ta'tion, ?!. Act of amputating. (Surg.) 

The act of cutting off a limb or part of the body. 
A-muck', n. An East Indian term for slaughter. 
AM'y-LET, n. Something worn to protect from ni- 

jury ; a chann. 
j\-mO§e', v. a. To entertain ; to divert ; to beguile. 
Syn. — To amuse is to entertain by drawing tlio 
attention to, and to divert \'^ to draw the attention 
from our present otjupaaun. To be beguiled is 
the effect of being amused. 
A-MU§e'ment, «. That wliich amuses ; diversion. 
Syti. — ^musementin reading or gardeuuig; di- 
version atapublicsliow ; entertainment al thetliea- 
tre or a concert ; recreation at the game of cricket. 
A-MU§;'er (a-muz'cr), ?*. One who anmses. 
^-mOs'in&, a. Affording amusement ; diverting. 
A-Mu'sivE, a. Amusing; diverting. 
A-MVG'da-late, a. Maae of almoi.ds. 
A-Mio'da-late, n. An emulsion of ahncnds. 
A-M iG'DA-LiNE, a. Reseinblin;? almonds. 
A-myg'da-loid, n, (^Min.) A species of trap rock. 
Xm-v-la'ceovs (-shus), a. Like starch. 
Xm, the same with the article u;. — The article a 
nmst be used before all words beginning with a 
consonant or a consonant sound ; as, a man, a 
unit, a oneness ; and the article an nuist be used 
before all words beginning with a vo' I, except 
such as begin with the sound of u Icr ,r a conso- 
nant sound ; before words beginnin with/; mute, 
as, an hour, an heir, &c. ; or before words where 
the A is not mute, if the accent is on the second 
syllable, as, an heroic action, a/i /tistorica/ account, 
&.C. — jS«, by the old writers, is often used for if. 
a'ka, ad. [Gr.] A word used in the prescriptions 

of physicians, importing in the like qnantity. 
a'iva. a Latin termination annexed to tlic names 
of authors to denote a collection of their memo- 
rable sayings ; as, Johiisoniana. 
Xn-a-bAp'tist, ?i. One who allows of, and main- 
tains, rebaptizing ; a Baptist. 
an-a-bap-tis'tic, ( a. Relating to Anabap- 
Xn-a-bap-tis'ti-cal, \ tists or their principles. 
X.\-a-cSmp'T!CS, li. pi. Catoptrics. 
iiN-A-CA-THAR'Tlc, 11. Medicine working upwards. 
iN'A-cltPn-A-LM'o-st!i,n. [L.] Recapitulation. 

An-XjEh'O-RET, n. A monk ; anachorite. 
Xn-a-jChq-ret'i-cal, a. Relating to an anactao. 

rite or hermit. 
An-XjEH'q-rIte, 71. A solitary monk ; a hermit. 
Aiv-XeH'RO-Ni§M, n. An error in computing time. 
AN-XeH-Rp-Nis'Tlc, a. Containing anachronism. 
an-a-clas'tics, 7t. ^i. The doctrine of refracted 

light ; dioptrics. 
an-a-c(E-n6' SIS, n. [Gr.] A figure of rhetoric, 

by which the speaker appeals to his opponent. 
an-a-c6n'da, n. A very large species of serpent. 
A-nac-re-6n'tic, a. Relating to Anacreon. 
In'a-dem, n. A wreath of flowers ; garland. 
AN-A-Di-PLc' SIS), n. [Gr.] (HheL) The repe-. 

tition of the last word in a ver.^e. 
Xn'a-glyph, I.. An ornament effected by sculpture. 
Xn-a-glyp'TIC, a. Relating to anaglyphs. 
AN-A-Goqt'i-CAL. a. Mysterious; mystical. 
Xn-a-g69'ics, n. pi. ^Iystical interpretation. 
XN'A-GRXri, n. Thi change of one word into an> 
other by the transposition of its letters, as Jlmof 
into Roma. 
Xn-a-gram-mXt'ic, ) a. Relating to or form- 
XN-A-GRAM-MAT'i-CAL, \ Ing anagrams. 
Xn-a-GRAM-Mat'i-cal-ly, ad. Like an anagram. 
AN-A-GRXM'MA-Ti§M, 71. The making of ana 

Xn-a-grXm'ma-tist, 71. A maker of anagrams. 
Xn-a-gram'MA-tize, v. n. To make anagrams 
an-a-lec'tic, a. Collected together. 
Xn'a-LECTS. 71. pi. [analecta, L.] Fragments col. 

lected from authors ; select pieces. 
Xn-A-LEP't:c. •» Restorative ; strengthening. 
Xn-a-lep'TIC, 71. A restorative medicine. 
An-a-l6(^'i-cai,, a. Having analogy ; analogous. 
AN-A-LO^'l-CAL-LY, ad. In an analogous manner. 
an-a-l6(^'i-c AL-NESS, 71. State of being analogical. 
A-nXl'q-^i^M, 71. Argument from cause to effect. 
A-nal'o-(^Tze, v. a. To explain by analogy. 
A-NAL'o-GoDs, a. Having analogy ; analogical. 
A-nXl'q-9V( 71. Proportion or parallelism be- 
tween things which are in some respects different ; 
resemblance ; similarity. 
A-NAL'v-sis, n. ; pf. ^-nal'y-se§. The resolu- 
tion of any thing into its first elements or com[K)- 
nent parts; — opposed to synthesis, which is the 
union of the com^ionent parts to form a comi)Ound. 
Synthesis is synonyMious with composition ; aiuUy- 
sis, with decomposition. 
an'a-lyst, 71. One who analyzes ; analyzer. 
Xn-a-lyt'ic, la. Pertaining to analysis ; re- 
AN-A-LVT'j-CAL, \ solving into first elements. 
An-a-LYT'i-cal-ly, ad. In an analytical manner. 
XN-A-LYT'icsj ?i. pi. The art of analyzing. 
Xn-a-LYZ'a-ble, a. That may be analyzed. 
Xn'a-lyze, v. a. To resolve uito first principles or 

elements ; t( solve by analysis ; to decompose. 
Xn'a-lyz-er, 71. One who analyzes; an analyst 
Aiv-A-MIOR-PHO' sf sor AN-A-MOR' PHO-sIs [aii- 
Ei-mor-fb'sis, S. IV. ./. E. F. K. ; an-Fi-nibr'fy-sis, 
P. ./a. Sin.], n. [Gr. ) A perspective projection of 
anything, so that, to the eye, at one point of view, 
it shall appear deformed, at another, an exact rep- 
A-NA'nas, 11. The pine-apple. 
Xn'a-pest, 71. (Rhet.) A metrical foot, containing 

two short syllables and one long one. 
Xn-a-pes'tjc, a. Relating to the anapest. 
A-nAph' o-RA,n. [G-r.] (Rhet.) A repetition of, 

words at the beginning of sentences. 
fXN'ARCll, 71. An author of confusion. Milton. 
A-NAR'eilic, ) a. Relating to anarchy; dis- 
A-NAR'CHi-CAl,, ) orderly; confused. 
SN'AR-€£li.^M (an'ar-kTzm), 7i. Anarchy. 
Xn'ar-BHIST, 71. A promoter of anarchy. 
XN'AR-eHV, 71. Want of government ; disorder. 
^N-A-SAR'CA,n. [Gr.] (Med.) A species of dropsy. 
Xn-A-sXr'covSj a. Relating to an anasarca. 
A-nSs-tq-mXt'ic, a. Removing obstructions. 
A-nXs'tq-mo.'^e, v. 71. To grow together, as two 
parts that meet. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n ; BOlL,BUR, kClE, — C,9, ^, soft i £, G, J, |, /lariZ; Sasz; 5f as gz : THIS. 




A-NAS'TRO-PHE, n. [Gr.] (Rhrt.) A figure 
wliereby tlie order of the words is inverted. 

> nath'e-ma, n. [Gr.] An ecclesiastical curse. 

.^-nXth-e-mX.t'1-cal, a. Containing anatlieina. 

^-nAth'e-ma-Tize [fi-nath'e-ma-tlz, S. ^V. J. F. 
Ja. K. Sm. Wb. ; an-^-tlieni'a-tiz, P. Juknsun], 
V. a. To pronounce accursed ; to cur.e. 

A-nath'e-ma-TIZ-er, n. One who anathematizes- 

Xn-a-tom'i-cal, a. Belonging to anatomy. 

an-a-t6m'i-cal-l Y, ad. In an anatomical manner. 

A-nXt'q-mist, n. One skilled in anatomy. 

A-nXt'p-mize, v. a. To dissect an animal body. 

A-nXt'p-mv, «. The art of dissecting an animal 
body : — the knowledge or doctri:ie of the struc- 
ture of the body. 

Xn'a-tron, n. The scuin or spume of meltcfl glass. 

Xn'ces-tor, n. A progenitor; a forefather. 

Xn-ces-t6'ri-al, a. Rclatuig to ancestors; an- 

JiN'cES-TRAL [an'ses-tral, S. W. F. J. F. K. Sm. ; 
^n-ses'trai, Ja. fVb'.], a. ReiatinfT to ancestors. 

Xn'ces-trv, n. Lineage ; a serior of ancestors. 

fAN'cHEN-TRV, ji. See ANcn;^TnY. 

aN'jBHOR (ang'kur), n. A lieavy iron to hold a ship 

or other vessel : — cause of security. 
iN'jCHOR (ang'kur), v. n. To cast anchor. 

^N.'jCHpR, V. a. To place at anchor ; to fix on. 

«,n'je;hor-A9^e (ang'kur-aj), n. '^n^und for anclior- 

^ ing in ; n duty paid for anchori..^. 

•iN'CHp-RESS (ang'ko-res), n. A female recluse. 

/iN'jeHp-RET (ang'ko-ret), ) n. A recluse ; a monk. 

Xn'jEHP-rite (ang'ko-rit), ) See ANACHokiTE. 

Xn'jCHpr-Smith, n. A maker of anchors. 

AN-cHO'vy, n. A little sea-fish, used for sauce. 

*AN'CIENT (an'shent) [an'shur.t, S. W. ./. F. .fa. K. 
Sm. R.; an'slient, P.], a. Old; not modern; of 
old time ; antique ; antiquated. 

Syyi. Ancient history ; old; antique piece o[ 

art ; antiquated customs. 

t*AN'ciENT (an'shei't), n. The flag of a ship. SJmk. 

*AN'ciENT-Ly (an'shent-le), ,A. In old times. 

*an'cient-rv (an'shent-re), 71. Ancien* lineage. 

*AIV'CIENTS (an'shents), n. pi. Old men: — men 
who lived in ancient times ; opposed to moderiui. 

Xn'cil-la-ry, a. Belonging to ;. handmaul. 

An-cip'1-tal, a. Having two opixjsito edges. 

XN'cp-NY, n- A bloom in iron-works. 

Xnd, conj. A particle implying addition, by which 
sentences or terms are joined. 

An-dajv'te, a. [It.] {Mus.) Distinct ; exact. 

iND'l-KpN (and'i-um), n. An iron utensil to lay 
wood on in a fireplace. 

An-dro^'Y-nal, ) a. Having two sexes ; her- 

AN-DRo^'y-NoCrs, j maphroditical. 

JiN-DR6(i' Y-Nus, n. [L.] An hermaphrodite. 

AN'DRoit), n. An automaton ; androides. 

AN-DRoi'DE§, n. An automaton like r- man. 

Xn'ec-dote, n. A biographical incident tr fact. 
Syn. — Amusing anecrfote.v ; entertaining stories. 
Anecdotes for men ; stories for children. 

Xn-ec'-d6t'i-cal, a. Relative to anecdotes. 

an-e-m6g'ra-phy, n. A description of the winds. 

Xn-e-m6l'p-(^V) n. A truat;se on the v/inc'.. 

Xn-e-mom'il-ter, 7!. An instrument to measure 
the strength or velocity ol the wind. 

A-NiiM'p-NEj 71. [Gr.J A plant ; the wind-flower. 

A-NEM'p-scPPE [a-nem'9-skop, JV. P.J. F.Ja. Sm.; 
5n'e-mos-kop', S. ; an-e-mo'skop, E.], n. A 
machine tc show the course of the wind. 

fA NENT', ;)r?p. {Scotch.) About ; concerning. 

XN'EU-RfsM (an'u-rizm), n. (Mcc.) A tumor 
formed by morbid dilatation f i an artery. 

A-NEw' (a-nu'), ad. Over again ; af^;ain ; newly. 

An-frac'tu-oOs, a. Winding; turning. 

AN'(/EL [an'jel, S. IV. P. J. E. F. ,Ta. K. Sm.. R.] 
n. A messenger: — a celestial spirit: — a gold 
coin : — a very beautiful person. 

AN'(jtEL, a. Resembling angels ; angelical. 

Xn'(^el-et, 7i. An English gold coin. 

AN-(jJEL'!C, )a. Belonging to angels; of the 

An-(^el'!-cal, ( nature of angels. 

An-^El'i-ca, 77,. {Bot.) A genus or plants. 

AN-y^EL-6L'p-9^V, n. A treatise on angels. 

Xn'(^e-l,6t, n. A nnisical instrument: — angelet. 

An'jGER (ang'gur), n. Resentment ; rage : — pain. 
Syn. — Sudden a7ig-er; cxue\ resentment ; violent 
rage; vindictive wrath; dreadful ire. 

Xn'jGEr (ang'gur), v. a. To make angry ; to enrage. 

AN-pT'NA, n. [L. ] A disease in the throat. 

An-gl'naplc'tQ-r1s, n. [L.j (Med.) A dangerous 
disease, usually connected with the ossification, 
or other morbid affection, of the heart. 

AN-<jtl-6G'RA-PHY (an-je-og'ra-fe), 71. (Med.' A 
description of vessels in the human body. 

Xn-gi-6l'p-9Y, 7t. (Med.) A treatise on the ves- 
sels of the human body. 

Xn'9}-p-sperm, 77. (Bot.) A plant which has its 
seeds enclosed in a pericarp. 

Xn-9^!-6t'p-MY, 77. Actof cutting open the vessels. 

Xn'gle (ang'gi), n. The space included between 
two lines that meet in a point ; a point where two 
lines meet; a corner: — a fishing-rod. 

Xn'gle (ang'gi), v. n. To fish with a rod and hook. 

an'gler (ang'gler), 71. One who angles. 

Xn'gli-cXn, a. Belonging to England ; English. 

AN'6Ll-CE,ad. [L.] In English. 

an'gli-ci^M, n. An English idiom or phrase. 

X^f'GLi-clZE, ■». a. To make English. 

an'glJng, h. The art of fishing with a rod. 

An'glo-A-mer'i-can, a. A native of America of 
English parentage. 

Xn'gor, ?t. [ L..J Acute pain. 

Xn'gri-ly (ang'gre-le), ad. In an angry manner. 

Xn'grv (ang'gre), a. Excited by anger ; provoked. 
Syn. ingry feeling ; pronolced by injury ; pas- 
sionate or choleric disposition ; /iosty or irascible 

AN-GUfL'LI-FORM, a. Fonned like an eel. 

Xn'guish (aiig'gwisli), n. Great pain of mind; 
agony ; pang ; severe pam. 

an'gu-lar, a. Having angles 01 corners. 

AN-Gt;-LSR'l-TY, n. Quality of being angular. 

AN'GU-LAR-NESS, 71. State of being angular. 

Sn'gu-lat-ed, a. Formed with angles. 

Xk-he-la'tipn, 71. Difficulty of breathing. 

fAN-HE-LOSE', a. Out of breath. 

An-Hy'droi.JS, a. Destitute of water. 

Xn'jl, 77. A plant that yields indigo. 

Xn']^le, a. Like an old woman ; doting. 

Xn'Tle-ness, I 71. The stale of being an old wo- 

A-nil'!-ty, \ man ; dotage. 

Xn-i-mad-vek'sion, h. Act of animadverting ; 
reproof; censure ; stricture. 

Syn. — Animadversion includes censure and re- 
proof; criticism implies scrutiny and judgment, 
either for or against ; stricture implies some ex- 
amindtion, mingled witli censure. 

Xn-i-MAD-visrt', 0. n. To notice ; to censure. 

AN-i-MAD-viiRT'ER, n. Oiic who aiiiiiiadveits. 

AN'i-MAi,, 77. A creature having an organized body, 
iif^e, sensation, and voluntary motion. Animals 
are divided into four classes, vertebrated, iiiol- 
luscous, articulated, and radiated. 

Syn. — A'' organized bodies endued with life 
and voluntary motion are animals ; and tlie term 
may include man, though it is usually restricted 
to irrational creatures. Brutes and beasts are ir- 
rational animals, commonly restricted to quadru- 
peds ; as beasts of bure>n ; brutes of the forest. 

Xn'i-MAL, a. That belongs to animals. 

Xn-i-mXl'cii-lar, a. Same a^ animalcuUnr. 

XN-i-MSL'cCLE, n. j\ minute ai.ima'.. 

Xn-i-mXl'ci;-line, a. Relating to animalcules. 

XN-i-MXL'cn-LlST, n. One versed in the science 
of animalcules or aninialcula. 


[li.] An animalcule. — The word animalcvlie, some- 
times used instead of animalcula, is a oarbarism. 

Xn'i-mal-FlovV'er, n. The sea-nettle. 

Xn'i-mal-i^m, 77. Animal nature ; sensuality. 

XN-i-mXl'j-ty, 77, Animal existence. 

Xn'J-ivial-ize, v. a. To endue with animal life. 

e, I, o, 0, y, l':ng ! X, £, T, 6, 0, Y, short ; A, E, I, p, t;, y, obscure.~F ARE, fXr, FJtST .ALL; h£ir, IIJEE; 




Xn'i-mal-MXg'net-Tsm, n. Mesmerism. 

XN'i-MATE, V. a. To quicken ; to make alive; to 
encourage ; to enliven ; to exliilarate. 

Syn. — Animate and inspire imply the communi- 
cation of tlie vital or mental spark ; enliven, cheer, 
and exhilarate imply actions on the mind or body. 
Animated with life or thought ; inspired with 
knowledge, or courage ; enliven the mind ; cheer 
the heart ; exhilarate the spirits ; encouraged by the 
prospect of benefit ; excited by desire. 

Xn'i-mate, a. Possessing animal life ; animated. 

AN'i-MAT-ED.p. a. Lively; having life ; vigorous. 

Xn'J-mat-ing,;). a. Giving life ; enlivening. 

Xn-i-ma'tion, n. Act of animating ; state of being 
lively; cheerfulness; life; spirit. 

XN'J-MA-T!VE,a. Having tlie power of giving life. 

AN'i-MA-TpR, 71. One who gives life. 

■[AN-I-MOSE', a. Full of spirit ; hot. 

AN-i-MosM-TY, n. Passionate hatred ; malignity ; 
malevolence; enmity! rancor. 

Xn'ise, n. A species of apium or parsley. 

Xnk'er, 71. A liquid measure of about 64 quarts. 

an'kle, ?(. The joint between the foot and leg. 

Xn'lace,71. a short sword ; a dagger. 

Xn'nal-ist, 71. A writer of annals. 

Xn'nal§, n. pi. History digested into years. 

Xn'nats, ?(. pi. [annates, L.] First fruits, or a 
year's income, of a church living. 

AN-NiiAL', ;;. a. To temper glass by heat. 

An-neal'ing, n. The art of tempering glass, &c. 

Xn'net, 71. The gull ; a sea-bird. 

An-nex', v. a. To unite to at the end ; to join ; to 
ajjix; to adjoin ; to add , to subjoin. 

Xn-nex-a'tion, n. Conjunction ; addition ; union. 

j^N-nEx'ion (an-nek'shun), n. Annexation. 

An-nEx'went, 71. An annexing ; annexation. 

An-ni'iii-la-ble, a. That may be annihilated. 

An-m'hi-late, 7). a. To reduce to nothing; to 
destroy ; to extinguish. 

An-nT-iii-la'tion, 71. Act of reducing to nothing. 

Xn-ni-ver'sa-r V, ?i. A day celebrated as it returns 
in the course of the year; annual celebration. 

Xn-ni-ver'sa-rv, a. Annual; yearly. 

An'no Duin'i-jn, [L.] In the year of our Lord. 

An-nom-i-na'tiqn, n. Alliteration. 

An'no mun'dl, [L.] In the year of the world. 

AN-N6'NA,n. [L.] A year's produce. — {Bot.) A 
genus of plants ; custard-apple. 

Xn'nq-tate, v. a. To make annotations or notes. 

Xn-np-ta'tion,7;, a note ; a comment; a remark. 

Xn'no-ta-tor, 77. A commentator ; a scholiast. 

An-n6t'to, 77. A dry, hard paste, used in dyeing ; 
— written also annotta and arnotto. 

An-n60nce', v. a. To publish ; to proclaim. 

Syn. Announce an arrival, a publication ; pxib- 

linh news ; proclaim or declare war ; proclaim war 
or peace. 

An-nounce'Ment,7(. Declaration; advertisement. 

A\-NbUNc'ER, 77. A declarer ; a proclaimer. 

AN-Jtb Y', V. a. To incommode ; to vex ; to molest. 

An-nov'ance, 77. That which annoys; trouble. 

an'ni;-al, a. Yearly; coming yearly. 

Xn'N(J-al, 77. A literary publication issued annu- 
ally : — an annual plant. 

Xn'nij-al-lv, a^A Yearly; every year. 

AN-Nfi'j-TANT, 77. One who has an annuity. 

AN-Nrr'!-TY,77. A yearly rent ; a yearly allowance. 

An-nwl', 7'. a. To abolish ; to abrogate ; to repeal. 

X.n'ni.I'LAR, a. Having the form of a ring. 

Xn'ni.i-la-ry, a. Formed like a ring; annular. 

Xn'ni.j-lEt, 71. A little ring. — {Her.) A charge 
distinguishing the fifth son. — {Arch.) A small 
square moulding; a fillet. 

^N-NfiE'iyiENT, 71. The act of annulling. 

XN-Ny-LOSE', a. Having rings ; annular. 

AN-Nu'MlCR-ATE, V. a. To add to ; to unite to. 

AN-Nii-MiiR-A'TipN, 7(. Addition to a number. 

An-nTin'o-ate (^n-nun'she-at), v. a. To an- 
nounce ; to proclaim. 

AN-\r]N-C!-A'TloN(an-niin-she-a'shun),7(. Act of 
announcing: — the name given to the day cele- 

brated in memory of the angel's salutation of the 
Virgin Mary, that is, the 25th of March. 

an'o-dyne, 77. Medicine which assuages pain. 

AN'9-DYNE, a. Mitigating pain ; assuaging. 

A-noint', v. a. To rub over with oil ; to conse- 
crate by unction ; to smear. 

A-noint'er, 71. One who anoints. 

A-noint'MENT, 77. The act of anointing. 

A-n6m'a-li§m, 77. Anomaly ; irregularity. 

A-n6m-a-L[s't!c, I irreeular 

A-NoM-A-Lis'Ti-CAL, \ "- "^gutar. 

A-NOM'A-LOIJ'S, a. Irregular; being out of rule. 

A-Noiw'A-LY, 77. Irregularity ; deviation from rule 

A-n6n', ad. (iuickly ; soon; shortly. — Eoer and 
anon, now and then. 

A-n6n'y-moDs, a. Wanting a name ; nameless. 

A-NON'v-MO(Js-LY, ad. Without a name. 

AN'p-REX-Y, 77. Want of appetite ; inappetency. 

A-NOR'MAL, a. Irregular ; aljnormal. See Abnor- 

An-oth'er (an-uth'er), a. Not the same; one 
more ; any ; not one's self; different. 

an'sAt-ed, a. Having handles. 

an'ser-Tne, a. Relating to or like a goose. 

fAN'sLAiGiiT (an'slat), 71. An attack; onslaught. 

An'swer (an'ser, 12), v. n. To speak in return ; 
to reply ; to be accountable : — to suit. 

an'swer (in'ser), v. a. To speak in return to; to 
reply to: — to be equivalent to; to satisfy. 

an'swer (an'ser), n. That which is said in re- 
turn to a question ; a reply : — a confutati(ui. 

Syn. — An answer to a question ; a reply to an 
answer, objection, or accusation ; a rejoinder to 
a reply. 

Xn'swer-a-ble (4n'ser-a-bl), a. Admitting a re- 
ply : — liable to give an account : — suitable. 

Syn. — We are answerable for a demand; re- 
sponsible for a trust; accountable for our conduct ; 
amenable to the laws : — answerable to the design; 
suitable to the purpose. 

An'swer-a-ble-ness, 77. State of being answer- 

an'swer-a-bly, ad. In due proportion ; suitably. 

an'swer-er (ftn'ser-er) 77. One who answers. 

ANT (12), 77. An insect; an emmet; a pismire. 

AN' TA,n.;pl. an't^. [L.] {Arch.) A pilaster. 

Xnt-Xc'id, 71. {Med.) A medicine to remove acid- 
ity : — written also antiacid. 

An-tag'q-nism, 7i. Opposition; contest. 

An-tag'o-nist, 77. A contender ; an opponent. 

An-tXg-o-nis'tic, a. Contending as an antagonist. 

An-Tag'q-nTze, ?;. 7!. To contend ; to oppose. 

fAN-TAG'p-NY, 7i. Contest; opposition. 

A'n-tal'^ic, a. That relieves pain. 

An-tXl'(;i!C, 7i^ A medicine to relieve pain. 

an-ta-na-c la' SIS, n. [_Gr.] {Rliet.) A fii"re 
by which the same word is repeated in a diffcreiit 

Xnt-a-phrq-dTt'ic, a. Antivenereal. 

Ant-arc'tic, a. Relating to the south pole. 

Xnt-ar-thrit'ic, a. Counteracting the gout. 

AN' TE. A Latin particle signifying before, frequent- 
ly used in composition ; as, antediluvian. 

Ant'isat-er, 77. An insect that feeds on ants. 

An'te bWlum. [L.] Before the war. 

fAN-TE-CEDE', V. 77. To precede ; to go before. 

Xn-te-ce'dence, I n. Act of going before ; pre- 

Xn-te-ce'den-cy, \ cedence. 

Xn-te-ce'dent, a. Going before ; preceding. 

Syn. — An antecedent cven\ ; the preceding year; 
foreiroing statement ; p7-ior claim ; previous in- 
quiry ; anterior part of the skull ; former times. 

AN-TE-CE*DENT, 77. That whicli goes before: — 
previous course or conduct: — the first of two 
terms: — the noun to which a relative refers. 

an-te-ce'dent-ly, ad. Previously. 

AN-TE-c Es' sgR,n. [L.] One wlio goes before. 

Xn'te-cham-ber, 77. The chamber or room that 
leads to the chief apartment. 

Xn'te-ciiXp-el,?(. That partof the chapol through 
which is the passage to the choir. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n j bOll, bUr, rOle V,9,g,a-"/t; E,e.,^,^,hardi ijas'i; X as gz : 'J 1)13. 




XiV' TE-'7TfR-soR, n. [L.] Or.s who urns before. 
an'te-date, 71. A previous date. 
Xn'te-date, v. a. To date before the true time. 
AN-TE-Di-Lu'vi-AN, a. Existing before tlie delii<re. 
AN-TE-Di-Lu'vi-AN, n. One who lived before the 

deluge or flood. 
Xn'te-lope, n. An animal resembling the deer. 
Xn-te-lu'can, a. Early ; before daylight. 
Xn-te-me-ri'd'i-an, a. Being before noon. 
Xnt-E-met'ic, n. See Antiemetic. 
An-te-mun'dane, a. Before the creation of the 

^n-ten'na, n. ; pi. an-tenIn^. [L.] a sort 

of horn of an insect ; a feeler ; a tentacle. 
AN-TE-Nijp'TlAL, a. Before marriage. 
Xn-te-pas'chal, a. Before the tinie of Easter. 
An'te-pAst, ?!. A foretaste ; anticipation. 
Xn-TE-pe-nult', 71. [antepeiiultima, L.] {Gram.) 

The last syllable but two of a word. 
Xn-te-pe-nDl'ti-mate, a. Relating to the last 

syllable but two. 
iN-TE-PE-NDL'Tl-MATE, n. Same as antepenult. 
Xnt-ep-i_-lep'tic, a. Curing epilepsy. 
Xn'te-port, n. An outer port or gate. 
Xn-te-po-s1"tion, n. Anterior position. 
Xn-te-pre-d1c'a-ment, ft. (Loiric.) An intro- 
duction to categories ; a preliminary question. 
An-te'ri-or, a. Being before or in front; pre- 
ceding ; going before ; prior to ; antecedent. 
An-te-ri_-or'i-ty, ft. Priority , precedence. 
Xn't^-room, )!. A room leading to another. 
AN'TEf}, [L.J Pillars on the doors of temples. 
fXN-TE-TEM'PLE, n. Now called the nave :n a 

Xn-thel-mi'n'tic, a. Destroying worms. 
Xn'them, 77. A piece of music performed in ca- 
thedral service ; a sacred song or hymn. 
Xn'ther, n. (Bot.) The case or part of a flower 

containing the pollen. 
Xn'ther-al, a. Relating to anthers. 
an-the-rif'er-ous, a. Producing anthers. 
Snt'-Hi'll, n. A .'ittle hillock formed by ants. 
Xn-tho-l6(J'i-CAL, a. Relating to an anthology. 
An-tiiol'o-^Vst, 71. A maker of an anthology. 
AN-THOL'p-fiv, 77. A collection of flowers, of 

poems, or of elegant extracts from authors. 
Xn'tho-nv'^-Fire' (an'to-njz-), n. The erysip- 
elas ; St. Anthony's tire. 
Xn'tiira-cite, n. A hard, mineral coal, that 

burns without flame or smoke. 
an-thra-cit'ic, a. Relating to anthracite. 
Xn'thrXx. 7(. [Gr.] (Med.) A gangrenous in- 
flammation : — a carbuncle. 
XN-T^IR0-p6L'o-(j^Y, n. Human physiology. 
Xn-thro-pp-mor'phi§m, 77. The doctrine that 

the Deity exists in the human form. 
Xn-thro-po-mor'phIte, 71. One who believes 

that the Deity exists in the human form. 
Xn-thro-p6p'a-thy, 77. Human passion. [R.] 
Aiy-THRo-popH'A-'pi, [L.] Cannibals. 
Xn-thro-poph'a-^y, 77. Cannibalism. 
Xn-thro-pos'p-piiy, 77. Knowledge of man's 
Xnt-hyp-not'ic, a. Preventing sle^ep. [nature. 
AN-THY-PbPH'o-RA,n. [Gr.] {Rhct.) A figure 
by which the objections of an adversary are 
brought forward in order to be answered. 
Xnt-hvs-ter'ic, a. Good against hysterics. 
^iv'T/ (an'te), [Gr.] A particle m'lich used in 
composition with words derived from the Greek, 
and signifying contrary to, opposed to. 
Xn-ti-X(;;'id, a. Counteracting acidity. — 77. An 

alkaline absorbent. See Antacid. 
Xn-ti-ar-thrit'ics, 77. p/. Medicines for the gout. 
Xn'tic, 77. One who plays antics; a buffoon: — 

buffoonery ; a trick. 
Xn'tic, a. Odd ; droll ; fantastic : playful. 
Xiv-Ti-cA-jEHisc'Tics, 77. p/. {Med.) Medicines for 

XN'Ti-eiiRlST, 77. The great enemy of Christianity. 
Xn-ti-chri'st'ian (an-te-krist'yan), a. Opposite 
to Christianity. 

Xn-ti-jCHRIst'ian, 77. An enemy of Christianity. 
XN-Ti-eHRXST'lA]vi-i§M, 77. Opposition to Chris. 

an-ti-christ-i-Xn'i-TY (an-te-krist-ye-an'e-te), 

77. Contrariety or opposititm to Christianity. 
An-t'ic'i-pate, v. a. To take before ; to foretaste. 
An-tic-i-pa'tion, 77. Act of anticipating ; that 

which is anticipated ; foretaste. 
An-ti<j'i-pa-tor, 77. One who anticipates. 
AN-Ti^'i-PA-TQ-RV, a. Taking before its time. 
Xn-ti-cli'mXx, 77. {Rhet.) A sentence in which 
the last part expresses something lower than the 
first; the opposite of cZmaj; ; as, "Endow a col- 
lege or a cat." Pope. 
Xn'tic-ly, ad. In an antic manner; drolly. 
XN-T!-C0N-TA'9^I0ys, a. Destroying contagion. 
AN' Ti-coR, 77. [Gr.] A swelling in a horse's 

an-ti-C9§-met'ic, a. Destructive of beauty. 
Xn'ti-do-tal, jo. Having the quality of an an- 
an'ti-do-ta-ry, \ tidote ; counteracting poison. 
Xn'ti-dote, 77. A medicine that counteracts poi- 
son ; a remedy for or preservative against injury. 
Xn-ti-e-met'ic, 77. A remedy for vomiting. 
Xn-ti-e-pis'co-pal, a. Adverse to episcopacy. 
AN-Ti-FiJB'RiLE fan-te-feb'nl, fV. J.F.Ja.Sm.; 
ante-fe'brii, S. ; an-te-fe'bril, P. K.], a. Good 
against fevers. 
Xn-ti-lo&'a-rithm, 77. Complement of a loga 

rithm. _ 
an-ti-ma'son, 77. One hostile to masonry. 
AN-Tt-MA'SON-RY, 77. Opposition to masonry. 
XiV-Tl-MiN-is-Tij'Rl-AL, a. Opposing the ministry. 
AN-Tl-MQ-NARjeH'i-CAL, a. Hostile to monarchy, 
AN-Ti-MoN'ARBH-TsT, 77. An enemy to monarchy, 
XN-TJ-Mo'ffl-AL, a. Relating to juitimony. 
an-ti-mo'ni-al, 77. A preparation of antimony. 
AN'Ti-MO-NV, 77. {Min.) A brittle, whitish metal ; 
a mineral substance, used in medicine and the arts. 
AN-Ti-N^-PHRfT'ic, 71. Medicine for the kidneys. 
Xn-TI NO'MI-AN, 71. One of a sect who denied the 

obligatmn of the moral law. 
AN-Ti-No'Ml-AN, a. Relating to the Antinomians, 
AN-T!-NO'Ml-AN-iSM,77. Antinoniiaii tenets. 
An-tTn'o-MY or AN'TI-Np-MY [an-tln'o-me, W. 
J. F. Ja. ; an'te-no-nie, S. P. Sm.],n. A contr?.- 
diction between two laws, or two articles of tho 
same law. 
AN-Ti-PA'PAL, a. Opposing the pope or papacy, 
AN-Ti-PA-prs'Tl-CAL, a. Same as antipapal. 
AN-Tl-PAR-A-L\'T'ic, a. Curing the palsy. 
AN-TJ-PA-THET'ici ) a. Having antipathy; 
XN-Tl-PA-THiJT'i-CAE, \ averse ; opposite. 
An-tip'a-thy, 77. Natural hatred or opposition ; 

repugnance ; aversion : — opposed to sympathy. 
AN-Tf-PE-Ris' TA-sfs,n. [Gr.] The opposition 
of a contrary quality, by which the quality op- 
posed gains strength. 
Xn-ti-pes-ti-len'tial (an-te-pes-te-len'shal), a. 

Efficacious against the plague or pestilence. 
XN-Ti-PHLp-qjJs'Tlc, a. Checking inflammation. 
Xn-ti-phlp-^^is'tic, 77. {Med.) A medicine 

which allays inflammatory action. 
Xn'ti-phon, ) 77. Alternate singing in the choirs 
An-tTph'p-ny, \ of cathedrals ; a response : — a 

kind of anthem. 
AN-TiPH'p-NAL, a. Relating to the antiphon. 
An-Ti'ph'p-nal, 77. A book of anthems. 
JiN-TlPH'RA-sIs, n. [Gr.] {Rhet.) The use o 
words in a sense opjiosite to their proper meaning 
Xn-ti-piiras'ti-cal, 77. Containing antiphrasis. 
aiv-ti-phrXs'ti-cal-lv, ad. With antiphrasis. 
AN-TlP'p-DAL, a. Relating to the antipodes. 
Xn'tj-pode, 77. One of the antipodes. [R.] 
JlN-TlP' O-DElf [^n-fip'o-dez, S. fV. P. .J. F. .To, 
■ K. Sm. R.; an-tip'odz, E. ; an'te-podz, mj.], n. 
[L.] Those people who, living on the other side 
of the globe, have their feet directly opposite to 
ours:-— those opposite to each other. 
Xn'ti-pope, n. One who usurps the popedom. 
Xn-tJ-pre-lXt'j-cal, «,. Adverse to prelacy. 

1, £, I, 6, u, Y, ^0770' ; X, £,■{, o, t), t, short ; A, E, I, p, v, V, oftscure.— fAee, far.fAst, ALL; HEIR, llERi 




jlJV- TIP- To'srs [5n-tip to'sis, S. TV. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; 
^n-iip'to-sis,' P. lVb.],n. [Gr.J {Gram.) A figure 
by which one case is put for another. 

Xn-ti-pu-tres'cent, a. Preventing putrefac- 

Xn-ti-qua'RI-an, a. Relating to antiquity. 

In-ti-qua'ri-an, n. An antiquary. Milton. 

XN-TJ-QUA'ai-AN-isM, 7t. Tlie study of antiquities. 

An'ti-qua-rv, n. One who is versed in the knowl- 
edge of antiquity, or is studious of antiquities. 

Xn'ti-quate, v. a. To nialte old or obsolete. 

Xn'ti-quat-ed, p. a. Grown old or out of use. 

Xn'ti-quat-ed-ness, 7i. State of being antiquated. 

An-tIque' (an-tek', 17), a. Relating to antiquity ; 
ancient; very old ; of old fashion. 

An-tique' (ftn-tek'), 7i. A piece of ancient art. 

An-tIque'njess (an-tek'nes), »i. duality of being 
ancient ; appearance of antiquity. 

An-tiq'ui-tv (an-tik'we-te), n. Old times: — 
the people of old times : — the remains of old times. 

^iv-Ti"sci-T (a.n-tish'e-i), n. pi. [L.] The peo- 
' pie who, living on different sides of the equator, 
have their shadows projected opposite ways at 
noon : — Anglicized j3nticians. 

Xn-ti-scor-bO'tic, I a. Efficacious against 

Xn-ti-scor-bO'ti-cal, i the scurvy. 

Xn-tJ-sep'tic, a. Counteracting putrefaction. 

Xn-ti-sep'tic, re. Medicine resisting putrefaction. 

Xn-tJ-slav'er-y, a. Hostile to slavery. 

Xn-ti-so'cial (an-te-s6'shal),a. Averse tosociety. 

^iV-T/s'p^-A/s, n. [Gr.J Revulsion of a humor. 

Xn-ti-spa^-mod'ic, a. Good against spasms. 

Xn-ti-spas'tics, re. p/. (Med.) Medicines which 
cause a revulsion of the humors. 

Xn-ti-splen'e-tic fan-te-splen'e-tik) 'S- ^- J- 
Ja. ; an-te-sple-net'jK, P. fVb.], a. Efficacious 
in diseases of tlie spleen. 

JlN-Tis' TRO-PHE, re. [Gr.] A stanza opposed 
to the strophe. 

Xn-ti-stroph'ic, a. Relating to antistrophe. 

An-tTth'e-sis, v. ; pi. aiv-Tith'e-se§. (Rhet.) 
A figure by which contraries are opposed to con- 
traries ; opposition of words, sentences, or senti- 
ments ; contrast. 

Xn-ti-thet'ic, ) o. Relating to, or containing, 

Xn-ti-thet'i-cal, ( antithesis ; placed in con- 

XN-Ti-TRfN-i-TA'Ri-AN, n. One who denies the 
doctrine of the trinity. 

Xn-ti-tri'n-i-ta'ri-an-Tsm, re. The doctrine which 
denies that there are tliree persons in the God- 
head, f 

Xn'ti-type, re. The original, or that of which the 
type is the representation ; the person in whom 

__ any prophetic type is fulfilled. 

Xn-ti-ty'p'i-cal, a. Relating to an antitype. 

Xn-ti-ve-ne're-al, a. Resisting venereal poison. 

Xnt'ler, re. The branch of a stag's horn. 

Xnt'lered (ant'lerd), a. Having antlers. 

^.v-TCE'c/ (an-t6'sT), 71. p/. [L.] Those inhabit- 
ants of the earth who live under the same longi- 

^ tude and latijude, but in different hemispheres. 

AJV-to-NO-ma' l^ll-A (an-to-no-ma'zhe-a), re. [L.] 
(Rhet.) A form of speech, in which the name of 
some term or title is used instead of the proper 
name ; as " Stagirite," for Aristotle. 

iXti'TRE (an'ter), 7i. A cavern ; a den. 

AN'vjL,, n. Tlie iron block which smiths use. 

AN)j[-i'E-TV (fing-zi'e-te), re. Trouble of mind 
about some future event ; concern ; solicitude ; 
uneasiness ; anxious care. 

XNx'[Oi;s{angk'slius), a. Full of anxiety ; uneasy; 
very solicitous ; concerned. 

SNX'ioys-LV (angk'shus-le), ad. With anxiety. 

X\x'ioi;s-nEss (angk'sh»s-nes), re. Anxiety. 

An'v (en'e), a. Every; whoever; whatsoever: — 
used in composition ; as, anyinkcre, &c. 

A-o'ni-an, a. Relating to Aonia in Parnassus, 
or to the Muses. 

a'o-RIST, n. (Orerk rrram.) An indefinite tense. 

A-or'TA, a. [I,.J (Anal.) The great artery or 

vessel which rises immediately out of the left 

ventricle of the heart. 
A-or'tal ) 
A-6r'tic ' 1 '^^ I^^'^ting to the great artery or aorta. 

A-pace', ad. Gluickly ; hastily ; with speed. 

AP'A-eo-pE, n. [Gr.] (Logic.) A kind of dem- 
onstration : — the same as reductio ad absurdum. 

ap-a-g6(^'!-cae, a. Sliowing the absurdity of de- 
nying what is affirmed. 

Ar-A-MJTH'ME-sis, n. [Gr.] (Rhet.) Enumer- 

A-PART', ad. Separately ; at a distance. 

A-part'ment, re. A room in a house or other 
building ; lodgings. 

Xp-A-TiiJsT'ic, a. Having no feeling ; insensible. 

AP'A-THIST, re. A person without feeling. 

Xp-a-this'ti-cal, a. Indifferent ; unfeeling. 

ap'a-thy, re. Want of feeling ; insensibility. 

APE, re. A kind of monkey : — an imitator. 

ape, v. a. To imitate ; to mimic. 

A-PEAK', ad. In a posture to pierce ; on the point. 

AP'^P-SY, re. Want of digestion. 

A-pe'ri-ent, a. Gently purgative ; laxative. 

A-PER'i-TiVE, a. Tending to open ; aperient. 

fA-PERT', a. Open ; evident. 

ap'er-ture [ap'er-tur, S. P. J. F. Ja. Sm. ; ap'er- 

_ chur, W.], re. An opening ; a passage ; a hole. 

Ap'e-ry, n. The act of aping ; affected imitation. 

A-pet'a-loOs, a. Without petals or flower-leaves. 

A'PEX,n. [LJ L. pL ;iP'/-C£^'; Eng. A'pex- 
E§ or Xp'i-ce§. The tip or angular point ; the 
top. See Apices. 

Ji-PH^R'E-sIs (a-fer'e-sTs), re. [L.] (Rhet.) The 
taking of a letter or syllable from the beginning of 
a word. 

4-PHE'LT~bN, n. ; pi. a-PHe'li-a. [Gr.] (j3»-- 
tron.) The point of a planet's orbit that is far- 
thest from the sun, and opposite to the perihelion. 

APH-i-LAN'THRp-PY,re. Want of love to mankind. 

a' PHIS, n. ; pi. APH'l-DE^. [Gr.] Plant-louse. 

Xph'p-ny, n. (Med.) A loss of' voice or speech. 

APH'o-Ri§M, re. A short, pithy sentence ; a maxim ; 
a laconic precept. See Axiom. 

Xph'o-rIst, 77. A writer of aphorisms. 

APH-p-Ri's'Tic, ) a. Relating to, or having 

APH-o-Ris'Ti-CAL, \ the form of, aphorism. 

XPH-p-Ris'Ti-CAL-LY, ad. With aphorisms. 

Xph-ro-dTs'i-ac, i T. ••• II- 

XPH-Rp-Di-V'A-CAL, i "• Exciting sexual desire. 

Xph'thong, n. A letter or combination of letters 
having no sound. 

Xph'yl-loCs, a. Destitute of leaves. 

a'pi-a-ry, re. A place where bees are kept. 

AP'l-CE^ [ap'e-sez, Sm. Jiinsworth, Leverett, jS.'^h; 
?-pi'sez, Ja. Johnson; a'pe-sez, F. IVb.], 
Tips ; points ; tufts. See ArEx. 

A-PIECE' (fi-pes'), <7<^- To the part or share of each. 

AP'ISH, a. Like an ape ; foppish ; silly. 

ap'ish-ness, re. Mimicry ; foppery. 

A-p6c'a-lypse, n. The book of Revelation : — 

A-p6c-a-l\p'tic, j a. Relating to the Apoca- 

A-poc-a-lyp'ti-cal, \ lypse, or Revelation. 

Ji-Pbc' o-PE,n. [Gr.] (Gram.) The abscission 
or cutting ofTof the last letter or syllabic of a word. 

A-Poc'p-PiiTE, 75. a. To cut off the last letter or 
syllable of a word. 

Xp-P-crDs'tjc, a. Repelling; astringent. 

A-p6c'RV-piia, n. pi. Books of which the authors 
are unknown, appended to the Old Testament. 

A-Poc'RY-PHAL, a. Not caiumical ; uncertain. 

AP'ODE, 77. An animal without feet. 

AP-p-Dic'Tl-CAL, a. Demonstrative; self-evident. 

^p-o-dKx' t.s,n. [L.] Evident demonstration. 

.^-pod' o-s/s,n. [Gr.] Application of a siiiiilitudo. 

Xp-o-pje' UM,n. [L.J Paiiie as a/)»(rfc 

Xp'p-fjiiJE, re. (Ajtron^ The point in the appar- 
ent orbit of the sun and moon, in which they are 
at the greatest distance from the earth. It is op- 
posed to perigee. 

AP'p-Gii/<PJi, n. A copy, not an autograjjh. 

MIEN, SIR; JMOVE, NOB, SON; bOi.L,, BIJR, rClE <;^, fj*, ^, 'o/e -• «, «,c, J, hard ; 5 UiK; )f a.sgz- T1H3, 




;\-P0L-p-9et'ic, la. Of tlienatureofanapol- 
iK-poL-o-c^ET'j-cAL, ( ogy ; containing excuses. 
A-POL-p-QiET'jcs, 11. pi. A systematic delence. 
A-PoL.'o-(J^jST, n. One wlio makes an apology. 
A-p6l'q-<^ize,k. n. To make an apology or excuse. 
Ap'p-l,6CtUE (ap'o-log), n. A fable conveying 
I moral instruction; a fabulous story. 
A-POL'o-(^Y, 11. A pleaded defence ; an excuse. 
Sijn. — He made a satisfactory apology for his 

conduct, and a good ezcuse for his absence ; his 

vindicatii'ii was sufficient. 
AP-o-ME-coM'E-TRV, n. The art of measuring 

things at a distance. 
Xp-o-jve u-r6' HIS, n. [Gr.] Extension of a nerve. 
ji-POPH'A-sTs, n. ; pi. a-poph' a-seI}. [Gr.] 
" (R/tet.) A figure by which the orator seems to 

waive what lie would plainly insinuate. 
AP-o-PEiLE&-MAT'!C, a. Drawing away phlegm. 
AP'pPH-THEGM (ap'o-them), 7i. "A maxim; apho- 
rism: — now commonly written apotkegm. See 

Apothegm and Axiom. 
%S-p6ph' Y-GE, n. [Gr.] The spring of a column. 
AP-o-PLEC'Tic, ) a. Relating to apoplexy; 
Xp-P-plec'ti-cal, \ taking away sensation. 
AP'o-PLEX-v, n. A disorder which suddenly takes 

away all sensation and motion. 
A-Pd' Ri-A, 11. [Gr.] A doubting where to begin. 
Xp-ijR-RHCE'A{3.\)-ox-x&'a.),n. [ L.] An effluvium. 
A-p6s'ta-sy, n. A departure from the principles 

wliich one lias professed ; dereliction. 
A-Pos'TATE,n. One who renounces his principles. 
A-p6s'tate, a. False ; traitorous. 
ap-os-tat'i-cal, a. Like an apostate. 
A-p6s'ta-tIze, u. n. To renounce one's principles, 

profession, or party. 
.\-p6s'te-i"viate, v. a. To become an aposteme. 
A-pos-TE-Ma'tiqn, n. Formation of an aposteme. 
Ap-qs-tem'a-toDs, «. Relating to an aposteme. 
AP'o-STEME, 11. An abscess ; imposthume. 
Apua-te-ri-o'rl, [L.] {Logic.) From the latter: 

— from the effect to the cause. 

^-Pos'TLE (a-p6s'sl), 7i. A person sent: — one of 
the Twelve Apostles of Christ. 

Apos'tle-ship, n. The office of an apostle. 

A-Pos'TO-LATE, 74. The office of an apostle. 

Ap-os-tol'ic, ) a. Relating to, or taught by, 

Xp ps-TOL'i-cAL, i the apostles. 

Ap-os-tol'i-cal-ness, 71. Apostolic quality. 

A-Pos-Tp-Li^'i-Tv, 74. State of being apostolic. 

^-Pus' TRO-p'HE,n. [Gr.] (Rhet.) A digressive 
address o( a speaker, to a person or thing, present 
or absent. — (Oram.) The mark (') showing that 
a word is contracted, or the sign of the possessive 

Xp-os-troph'ic, a. Denoting an apostrophe. 

A-Pos'TRO-PHiZE, 7). a. To address by apostrophe. 

XP'ps-TUME, 74. See Aposteme. 

A-p6th'e-ca-ry, 74. One who dispenses medi- 
cines or keeps a medicine-shop ; a compounder of 
medicines. In England, an apothecary has a 
license to practise medicine. See Physician. 

Xp'p-TUEGM (ap'o-them), 74. A remarkable say- 
ing ; a maxim ; an aphorism. See Axiom. 

AP-p-THE«-MAT'!-CAL, a. Containing apothegms. 

AP o-theg'ma-tTst, n. One who uses apothegms. 

ap-p-theg'ma-tTze, v. n. To utter apothegms. 

ap-o-the' o-s/a, 11. [Gr.] Deification. 

ap-p-the'p-size, 73. a. To deify. 

^-poth'e-sTs, n. [Gr.] A place for books, vest- 

' nients, &.C. in an ancient church. — (Med.) The 
placing of a fractured limb in its right position. 

A-PvT' o-ME,n. [Gr.] (Math.) The remainder 

' or difference of two incommensurable quantities. 

— (Mus.) The part remaining of a tone major 

^ after deducting from it a great tone. 

AP'p-ZEM, n. A decoction from herbs. 

Ap-pAll', v. a. To fright ; to terrify ; to depress. 

Ap-PAL'MENT, 74. Impression of fear. Bacon. 

AP'PA-NAf^E, 74. {Law.) Lands set apart by prin- 
ces for their younger children. 

Ap-Pj^-ra'tijs, 74. [L.] PZ. ap-pa-ra'ti;s or Xp- 

PA-RA'Tfjs-E§. Tools, furniture, or necessary 

instruments for any trade nr art ; equipage. 
Ap-pAr'el, 74. Dress ; clothing ; vesture. 

Syn. — Common apparel ; elegant dress ; gay 

attire, gesture and raiment are used on serious 

subjects ; clothing., clothes, apparel, and dress, on 

common occasions. 
Ap-pAr'el, v. a. To dress ; to clothe ; to adorn. 
Ap-PAR'ENT, a. Plain ; indubitable ; seeming ; 

visible ; open ; evident ; certain. ilpparent time, 

true time, or the time or hour as indicated liy the 

sun's passage over the meridian; — opposed to 

mean time. 
Ap-par'ent-ly, ad. Evidently ; seemingly. 
Ap-par'ent-ness, 74. Quality of being apparent. 
AP-PA-Rl'"TipN (ap-pa-rish'un), n. Appearance : — 

a preternatural appearance ; a spectre. 

Syn. — An apparition to the senses ; vision to 

the imagination ; an airy phantom ; a frightful 

spectre ; a pale ghost. 
Ap-par'i-tpr, n. A messenger in a spiritual court, 
f Ap-peach',?;. a. To accuse ; to censure. Spenser. 
Ap-peal', v. 74. To refer to another tribunal. 
Ap-peal', 74. {Law.) Application for justice to a 

superior tribunal : — accusation ; recourse. 
Ap-p2al'a-ble, a. That may be appealed. 
Ap-pear', v. 11. To be in sight ; to be evident. 

Syn. ippear to sight ; seem to the mind. 

Ap-pear'ance, 74. The act of coming into sight ; 

semblance, not reality ; show ; probability. 
Ap-pear'er, 74. One who appears. 
Ap-pea^'a-ble (ap-po'z^-bl), a. Reconcilable. 
Ap-pe:^§'a-BLE-NESS, n. Reconcilableness. 
Ap-pea§e', v. a. To quiet ; to pacify ; to still ; to 

calm ; to allay ; to satisfy ; to reconcile. 
Ap-pea§e'ment, 7!. Act of appeasing. 
Ap-pea:^'er, n. One who appeases or pacifies. 
Ap-peas'ive, a. Having a mitigating quality. 
Ap-pel'lant, 74. One who appeals, 
Ap-pel'lant, a. Appealing. 
Ap-pel'late, a. Relating to appeals. 
Ap-PEL-LA'TipN, 74. A name ; title; style; term. 
Ap-pel'la-tive, 74. A title: — a common name 

or noun, opposed to a proper name or noun. 
Ap-pel'la-tive, a. Noting a common noun. 
Ap-pel'la-tive-ly, ad. In an appellative manner. 
Ap-pel'la-tp-ry, a. Containing an appeal. 
ap-pel-lee', 74. {Law.) One who is appealed 

Xp-pel-lor', n. (Law.) One who makes an appeal. 
Ap-pend', v. a. To hang or join to ; to add to. 
Ap-pen'da(^e, 71. Something added or annexed. 
Ap-pen'dance, 74. Appendage. Bp. Hall. [iS.J 
Ap-PiiN'DANT, a. Hanging to; annexed to. 
Ap-pen'dant, 74. An adventitious part. 
Ap-pen'den-cy, 74. That which is annexed, [i?.] 
fAP-Pi3N-Dl-CA'TipN, 74. The act of appending. 
AP-PEN'Dlic, 74. [L.] PL AP-PEN'DI-CE§ or AP- 

pen'dix-e§. Something appended: — a supple- 
ment to a book. 

AP-PER-CEP'TipN, 71. Consciousness. Reid. 

Xp-per-tain', v. 74. To belong to ; to depend upon. 

Ap-PER'TE-NANCE, 74. See Appurtenance. 

AP'PE-TENCEJ ) 74. Carnal desire ; sensual desire ; 

Xp'pe-ten-cy, ) appetite ; desire. 

Xp'pe-tent, a. Very desirous ; desiring. 

fXp'PE-Tl-BLE (ap'pe-te-bl), a. Desirable. 

Ap'pe-tite,74. Desire; desire of sensual pleasure: 
— relish for food ; keenness of stomach ; hunger. 

Ap-plaud', v. a. To praise by acclamation ; to 
extol ; to laud ; to commend highly. 

Ap-plaud'er, 74. One who applauds. 

Ap-plau§e', 74. Approbation loudly expressed. 
Syn. — He was received with acclamation, and 
his speech met with unbounded applause. 

Ap-plau'sive, a. Applauding; laudat>>ry. 

ap'ple rap'pl), 74. A fruit: — pupil of the eye. 

AP'PLE-TREii, 74. The tree producing apples. 

Ap-plT'a-ble, a. Capable of being applied. 

AP-PLi'ANCE, 74. Act of applying; application. 

Xp-PLI-ca-BIL'I-TY, n. State of being applicable. 

]i,E,l,b,V,\,longiA,t,\,6, 0, i, short; A, E, !,p, y, V,«6scitre.— FARE, FAR, fAst, ALL; nClR, HER, 




Xp'PLI-C^-BI-.iE, a. That may be applied ; suitable. 
Xp'pli-ca-bI/E-nEss, n. Applicability. 
XP'PLi-CA-Bl.y, ad. Fitly ; so as to be applied. 
Xp'PLi-CANT, n. One who applies. 
Xp'PL.i-CATE, n. (Conies.) A right line drawn 

across a curve, so as to bisect the diameter. 
Xp-pli-ca'tiqn, n. Act of applying ; state of being 

applied: — address; entreaty: — attention; assi- 
duity ; intense study. 
Xp'pli-ca-tive, a. Relating to application. 
Sp'pli-ca-to-ry, a. Including application. 
Xp'pli-ca-to-ry, n. That which applies. 
Ap-ply', «. a. To put to ; to suit to : to devote ; to 

addict^: to address to ; to busy. 
Ap-PLy', v. n. To suit ; to have recourse to. 
AP-p"jfi-lii-A-Tu' RA, n. [It.] (Mils.) A note 

of embellishment or expression. 
^P-POINT', r). a. To fix; to establish; to order; 

to direct; to ordain. 

Syn. — 4/)po«HJ a meeting ; ^r the time. A ruler 

appoints to an office ; an officer orders or directs ; 

a physician prescribes ; providence ordains. 
Ap-point', v. n. To decree. 
Ap-point'a-ble, a. That may be appointed. 
Ap-point':|d, p. a. Settled ; equipped ; furnished. 
Ap-point-be', n. One who is appointed. 
Ap-point'er, n. One who appoints. 
AP-PoiNT'iviENT, n. Act of appointing: — stipula- 
tion; decree; direction ; order : — equipment. 
Ap-por'tion, v. a. To divide in just parts ; to 

allot^; to assign ; to appropriate. 
j^p-p6r'tion-er, n. One who apportions. 
Ap-por'tiqn-ment, n. A dividing into portions. 
Ap-p6§'er, re. (Law.) An examiner ; an inquirer. 
lp'po-§iTE, a. Proper ; fit ; adapted ; well applied. 
AP'PO-^iTE-LY, ad. Properly : suitably. 
Xp'po-^ite-ness, 71. Fitness; adaptation. 
Xp-PO-si"TipN (ap-po-zish'un), n. Addition. — 

(Oram.) The putting of two nouns of the same 

meaning in the same case. 
AP-p6§'!-TivE, a. Applicable. [R.] 
Ap-praise', v. a. To set a price upon; to apprize. 

— Written both appraise and apprize. 
Ap-prai§e'ment, 71. The act of appraising. 
Ap-prai§'er, n. One who appraises or sets a price. 
■fAP'PRjj-CA-TQ-RY, a. Praying or wishing good. 
Ap-PBe'ci-a-ble (ap-pr6'she-a-bl), a. That may 

be appreciated or estimated. 
AP-PRiL'ci-ATE (ap-prS'she-at), c. a. To estimate 

duly ; to value ; to rate properly. 
Ap-pbe-ci-a'tion (ap-prS-she-a'shun), n. Act of 

appreciating ; estimation. 
Xp-pre-hend', v. a. To lay hold on ; to seize : — 

to conceive by the mind : — to fear. 

Syn. — Apprehend, arrest, or seize a person ac- 
cused ; apprehend an unpleasant occurrence ; fear 

XP-PRE-HEN'si-BLE,a. That may be apprehended. 
Xp-pre-hen'sioiv, n. Act of apprehending: — 

faculty of conceiving ideas : — fear ; suspicion ; 

Xp-pre-iien'sive, a. Quick to perceive : — fearful. 
XP-PRE-HEff'sivE-LY, ad. With apprehension. 
Xp-pre-hen'sive-ness, n. The state of being 

j\p-pren't!ce, n. One who is bound to serve for 

a certain term of years, upon condition that the 

tradesman shall instruct him in his art. 
Ap-prEn'tice, v. a. To put out as an apprentice. 
Ap-pren'tJce-ship, n. State or term of service. 
Ap-prT^e', v. a. To inform ; to give notice to. 
Ap-prJze', v. a. To set a price on ; to appraise. 
Ap-prize'ment, v. Appraisement. 
kp-PH\yjE.R.n. One who apprizes : appraiser. 
Ap-proach' (ap-proch'), ». «. To draw near. 
,\p-pr6ach' (ap-proch'), v. a. To draw near to. 
Ap-pk6acii', n. Act of drawing near; access. 
Ap-proach'a-ble, a. Accessible. 
tAP-PROACH'MEivT, 74. Act of coming near. 
Xp'prq-bate, ?!. a. To approve; to license to 

preach. [ Used in the U. S.] 

Xp-pro-ba'tiqn, n. Act of approving; state of 

approving ; approval ; support. 
Xp'pro-ba-tive [ap'pro-ba-tiv, K. Sm. R. Wb- 

Todd; ap-pro'bsi-tiv, ja.], a. Approving. 
Xp'PRQ-BA-tp-RY, a. Approving. Todd. 
Ap-pro'pri-a-ble, a. That may be appropriated. 
Ap-pro'pri-ate, v. a. To set apart ; to annex to : 

— to consign to some use : — to make peculiar. 
AP-pr6'pbi-ate, a. Peculiar; fit; adapted to. 
Syn. — An appropriate remark, adapted to the 

case \_ a peculiar opinion ; fit for the occasion. 
Ap-pro'pri-ate LY,ad. In an appropriate manner. 
Ap-PRO'pri-ate-ness, 71. Fitness. 
Ap-pro-pri-a'tion, n. Act of appropriating : — 

any thing appropriated ; consignment. 
Ap-pro'pri-a-tor, 77. One who appropriates. 
Ap-pr6v'a-ble, a. Meriting approbation. 
Ap-pr6v'al, 77. Act of approving ; approbation^ 

Ap-pr6ve', v. a. To express a liking to, or appro* 

bation of ; to like ; to commend ; to praise. 
Ap-pr6v'er, 77. One who approves. 
Ap-pb6x'i-mate, a. Near to. 
Ap-pr6x'!-mate,7). a. To draw near ; to approach. 
Ap-pr6x'i-mate, v. n. To come near. 
Ap-prox-i-ma'tiqn, n. Act of approximating j 

act of coming near ; approach. 
Ap-pr6x'i-ma-tive, a. Approaching. 
Xp'pOlse or AP-pDlse' [ap'puls, S. W. J. E. P. 

Ja. ; ap-puls',' Sm. R. P. C. JVb.],n. Act of strik- 
ing against. 
Ap-pul'siqn, 71. Act of striking against ; appulse. 
Ap-pur'te-nance, 77. That which appertains; 

something belonging ; an adjunct. 
AP-pUr'te-nant, a. (Law.) Joined to. 
a'pri-cot, 77. A stone fruit resembling a peach. 
a'pril, n. The fourth month of the year. 
A pri-o'rt, [L.] From the cause to the efl^ect. 
a'pron (a'purn) [a'pum, PV. P. J. F. K. ; a'prun, 

S. E. Ja.], n. A part of dress : — a cover. 
a'pron-Man, 77. A workman; artisan. 
Ip-RQ-Pos' (i^-xo-po'),ad. [Fr.J Opportunejy. 
AP'srs, 77. [Gr.] PL ap'si-de^ or ap'se^. 

(Jistron.) Two points in the orbits of the planets, 

at the greatest and least distance from the sun and 

the earth. 
APT, a. Fit; proper; ready; quick; qualified for. 
Xp'te-ral, a. Not having wings or columns. 
AP'TE-RoDs, a. Not having wings, as insects. 
Xp'tj-tude, w. Fitness; tendency; disposition, 
Xpt'ly, ad. Properly ; justly ; readily ; acutely. 
Xpt'ness, 77. Fitness; quickness of apprehension. 
Xp't5te, 77. (Oram.) A noun without cases. 
A'QUA,n. [L.] Water: — used in composition. 
a'QVA-For' Tis,n. [L.] Nitric acid. [erald. 
a'QUA-Ma-rine', 77. A mineral allied to the em- 
a' QUA-Re' Gf-A, n. [L.] Nitro-muriatic acid. 
a-qua' MI-US, n. [L.] The water-bearer; the 

eleventh sign in tile zodiac. 
A-QUXt'ic, )a. Pertaining to water ; inhabit- 
A-QuXT'i-CAL, \ ing or growing in the water. 
a' qua-TIn' TA,n. [L.] A species of engraving. 
a' QUA-Vi'TM,n [L] Brandy. 
AQ'UE-DtJCT [ak'we-diikt, IV. J. F. Ja. Sm. R. C; 

a'kwe-dukt, S. P.], n. An artificial channel for 

a'que-ous (a'kwe-iis), a. Containing water; 

watery. Aqueous humor, the fluid which fills 

_ the chambers of the eye. 
a'que-ous-ness, 77. Waterishness. 
A'QUj-FORM, a. Having the form of water. 
XQ'in-LlNE 07- Aq'uj-lJne [ak'we-lin, fV. P. Sm.; 

ak'we-lin, S. J. F. Ja.], a. Resembling an eagle ; 

Xr'ab, 77. A native of Arabia. 
Xr'a-besque (ar'9-bCsk), a. Relating to ArabR. 

architecture and sculpture, or fancy ornament 
A-ra'b!-a\, a. Relating to Arabia or Arabs. 
Ar'a-bic, a. Relating to Arabia ; Arabian. 
Xr'a-bic, 77. The language of Arabia. 
Xr'A-bTst, 77. One versed in Arabic literature. 

MIEN, SIR • MOVE, nor, SON J bCi.i-. BlJR, RfJLE.— 9, 9, g, j(o/< ; JE, o, <;, |, /iarJ ; josz; ^fli-gz: this. 




Xr'A-BLE, a. Fit for the plough or tillage. 

A-RA'ne-ous, a. Resembling a cobweb. 
Sr'ba-list, n. A crossbow. See Arcubalist. 

Xr'ba-i.Tst-er, n. A crossbow-man. 
AR'Bi-TER, ?!. A judge; an umpire ; an arbitrator. 

ar'bi-tra-ble, a. Arbitrary ; determinable. 

AR-BiT'RA-Mi3NT, n. Will ; determination ; choice. 

ar'BI-tra-ri-L¥, ad. In an arbitrary manner. 

ar'bi-tra-ri-ness, n. State of being arbitrary. 

Xr'B1-tra-rv, a. Depending on one's own will ; 
bound by no law ; despotic ; absolute .- — voluntary. 

ar'Bi-trate, v. a. To decide ; to judge of. 

Xr'bi-trate, v. n. To give judgment. 

Xr-bi-Tra'tion, n. (^Law.) The determination 
of a cause by persons mutually agreed on by the 
parties. _ 

Xr'bi-tra-tor, n. An umpire ; judge ; determiner. 

Xr'bi-tra-trix, n. A female judge or arbiter. 

Ar-Bit're-ment, n. Decision. See Arbitra- 

Xr'bi-tress, n. A female arbiter. 

Xr'bor, n. A place covered with branches of 
trees ; a bower : — an axis or spindle. 

Xr'bo-ral, a. Relating to trees. 

Ar-bo're-oDs, a. Belonging to trees. 

AR-BO-RiJs'cENCE, n. Growth, as of trees. 

AR-BQ-RES'CENT, a. Growing like a tree. 

ar'bo-ret, n. A small tree or shrub. 

Ar-b6r'!-cal, a. Relating to trees. 

Xr-bo-rI-cOlt'ure, n. The cultivation of trees. 

Xr'bo-rYst, n. One who makes trees his study. 

ar'bo-rize, v. a. To form like a tree or plant. 

XR'Bp-RoOs, a. Belonging to a tree. 

Xr'bDs-cle (ar'biis-sl), n. Any little shrub. 

ar'bute, n. [arbutus, L.] The strawberry-tree. 

Xrc, n. A segment of a circle ; an arch. 

AR-CADE',n. {Arch.) Aseriesofarclies with a walk 
under them : — a small arch within a building. 

Ar-cane', a. [arcanus,\j.] Secret. Bp. Berkeley. 

^r-ca'NUM, n.; pi. ar-ca'NA. [L.] A secret. 

ARCH, n. Part of a circle or ellipse ; an arc: — a 
concave, hollow structure ; a vault. 

Xrch, v. a. To build or form with arches. 

Xrch, a. Waggish; mirtliful: — chief; first. 

ARCH, in composition, signifies chief, or of the first 
class ; as archangel, archbishop, &c. 

XR-jeHjE-o-Lo^'ic (ar-ke-o-lod'jik), ) a. Relating 

AR jEh^ p-Lo^-'i-CAL, ' ) to arche- 

ology ; ancient. 

Xr-eh^-ol'o-^Tst,™. One versed in archseology. 

AR-JEH^OL'p-ftV (ar-ke-ol'p-je), n. The science 
wliicli treats of antiquities ; antiquities. 

Ar-EHA'ic, \a. Old; ancient; gone or going 

AR-jCHA'i-CAL, \ out of use ; obsolete. 

XR'jeH^-TsM, n. An ancient phrase or idiom. 

XReH-AN'(;jEL (ark-an'jel, 69), n. A chief angel. 

AR£H-AN-qiEL'!C, a. Belonging to archangels. 

arch-bish'op (69), n. The principal of the bishops. 

Xrch-bish'op-ric, 77. Office, state, jurisdiction, 
or province of an archbishop. 

Xrch-disa'con (arch-dS'kn), n. An ecclesiastical 
officer in the Church of England, who presides 
over an archdeaconrj', and supplies the place of a 
bishop. See Clergyman. 

Xrch-dea'con-ry, 77. A subdivision of a dio- 
cese ; the jurisdiction and office of an archdeacon. 

Xrch-dea'con-ship, 77. Same as archdeaconry. 

ARCH-Dd'cAL, a. Belonging to an archduke. 

Xrch-duch'ess, 77. Tlie wife of an archduke. 

arch-duch'v, 77. The territory of an archduke. 

Xrch-dOke', 77. A sovereign prince of Austria. 

Xrch-duke'dom, 77. The territory of an archduke. 

Xrch'ed (arcb'ed or archt) [arch'ed, S. W. J. E. ; 
archt, K. Sm.], p. a. Formed like an arch. 

Xrch'er, 77. One who shouts with a bow. 

Xrch'er-v, 77. The use of the bow. 

Xrch'es-Court (arch'ez-kort), ?7. A court be- 
longing to the archbishop of Canterbury. 

aR-ehe-tv'pal, a. Original. 

Xr'iEhe-tvpe (G9), 77. The original of which any 
copy or resemblance is made ; a model. 

Xrch-fiend' (arch-fSnd'), n. The chief of fiendg. 
Xr-shi-di-Xc'p-nal, a. Belonging to an arch- 
XR-,eH!-E-Pls'cp-PA-CY,n. State of an archbishop. 
AR-jEHl-E-Pi's'cp-PAL (69), a. Belonging to an 

archbishop, or archbishopric. 
AR-eHfM-E-Dii'AN, a. Relatinf;; to Archimedes. 
AR-eHi-PEL'A-eo [ar-ke-pel'fi-go, fV. J. E. F. K. 
Sm. C. ; arch-e-pel'a-go, Earnshaw], n. A sea 
which abounds in small islands. 
AR'CHi-TECT (69), 77. A professor of architecture, 

or the art of building. 
AR-BUl-TEC'TiVE, a. Used in architecture. 
AR-^Hl-TECT'ij-RAL, a. Relatmg to architecture. 
Xr'CHI-Tect-ure (ar', 77. The art 

or science of building : — the effect of the art. , 
AR'eHl-TRAVE. 77. That part of the entablature 

which lies immediatelj' upon the columns. 
ar'£;hjve§ rar'klvz, 69) [ar'kivz, S. W. F Ja. K. 
Sm. R. ; ar'kSvz, J. ; ar'chevz or ar'kevz, S.], n. 
pi. The place where records or ancient writings 
are kept : — ancient records. 
Xr'bhi-vist, 77. A keeper of archives. 
ARCH'i-voLT, 77. (Arch.) The Contour of an arch 

or frame set off with mouldings. 
Xrch'ly, ad. Jocosely ; shrewdly ; slyly. 
arch'ness, 71. Shrewdness ; sly humor. 
Jiij'^/ioiv (ar'kon), ?7. [Gr.] The chief magistrate 

of ancient Athens. 
Xrch-pres'bv-ter, ?7. A chief presbyter. 
ARCH-PRIEST', 77. A chief priest. 
Xrch'way, 77. A vaulted aperture in a building-, 

an entrance or passage under an arch. 
Xr'cp-graph, 77. An instrument for describing 

arcs of circles without centres. 
Xrc-ta'tipn, 77. A constipation of the intestines. 
Xrc'tic, a. Northern ; lying under the Arctos or 
Bear. — Arctic circle, the circle which forms the 
southern limit of tlie northern frigid zone. 
ar'C'U-ate, a. Bent like an arch or bow. 
AR-ct;-A'TipN, 77. The act of bending ; curvit}'. 
ar'cu-ba-list, 77. A crossbow. 
Xr-cu-ba-lTs'ter or aRtCU-bXl'is-ter [ar-ku- 
bal'is-ter, S. W. P. ; ar'ku-bal-js-ter, Ja. : ar-ky- 
ba-lis'ter, K. Sm. ffb.'\, n. A crossbow-nian. 
ar'den-cv, 77. Ardor ; eagerness ; heat. 
Xr'dent, a. Having ardor, hot ; fiery ; zealous. 
AR'DpR, 77. [L.j Heat ; heat of affection ; zeal. 
*XR'DV-oijs rar'du-Qs, S. P. J. F. Ja. ; ir'ju-us, 
W.I, a. High ; hard to climb : — difficult. 

Syn. — An arduous path up a high mountain ; — 
an arduous enterprise ; a difficult task. 
*Xr'dv-ous-ness, 77. Height ; difficulty. 
Xre (ar) [ar, S. fV. P. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. IVb.]. The 
indicative mode, present tense, plural number, of 
_ the verb to be. 
A'RE-a, re. [L.] The surface or superficial content 

of any figure or space ; any open surface. 
Xr-e-fac'tion, 77. Act of growing dry ; a drying. 
Xr'e-fy, 75. a. To dry. 

A-RE'NA,n. [L.] h. pi. a-JRe'N^ ; Eng. A-Rt'- 
NA§. The space for combatants in an amphithe- 
XR-E-NA'CEOtJS(-na'shus), ar-e-nose',o. Sandy. 
XR-E-NA'TipN, 77. A sort of dry sand-bath. 
A-Re' o-LA, 77. [L.] The colored circle round the 
'_ nipple. 

a-re-6m'e-ter, 7!. An instrument to measure the 
_ specific gravity or density of fluids. 
a-re-om'e-trv, 71. The art of measuring the spe- 
cific gravity of fluids. 
Xr-e-op'a-^ite, 77. A senator or judge in the 

court of Areopagus at ancient Athens. 
AR-E-oP' A-GUH, 77. [L.j The highest court at 

AR-E-THU' SA,n. [L.] (Bot.) A plant and flower. 
Xr'gand, a. Applied to a large kind of lamp, with 

a circular wick, named from the inventor. 
ar'(^ent, a. Silvery ; white ; shining like silver. 
Xr'(jient, H. (Her) White color in coats of arms. 
ar-G-en'tal, a. Containing silver. 

A, E,I, O, ll, V,/(777n-; X,E,T, 6, l"', \, short; A, E, !,p, U, \, obscure.— VAR^, FAR, FAST, ALL; HEIR, HER; 




Xr-9-en-ta'tion, 71. An overlaying with silver. 
Xr-(^en-tif'er-oDs, a. Contaiiunj; silver. 
ARVen-tine [d.t'}en-tin, Ja. K. fVb. ; ar'jen-tin, 

Sm.j, a. Pertaining to, or like, silver. 
Xr'(^il, n. Potter's clay ; argillaceous earth. 
AR-^^lL-LA'CEOUS (ir-jil-la'shus), a. Clayey. 
ar-c^tIL-lif'er-oDs, a. Producing clay. 
Ar-(^il'lous, a. Consisting of clay ; argillaceous. 
Xr'gol, «. Tartar of wine. 
ar'GQ-naut, n. One of the companions of Jason 

in the ship -Argo, in the voyage to Colchis. 
Xr-gq-nau'tic, a. Relating to the Argonauts. 
AR'Gp-SY, n. A largo vessel for merchandise. 
AR'GyE (ar'gu), V. n. To reason ; to dispute. 

Syn. — irgue in defence ; reason on the subject ; 

dispute in refutation ; debate in the senate. 
Xr'gue, c. a. To prove ; to reason ; to debate. 
Xr'gu-er, n. One who argues ; a reasoner. 
Xr'Gii-mEnt, n. A reason alleged: — the subject 

of any discourse : — a controversy : — a plea ; proof. 
Syn. — Defend by argument ; justify by reason ; 

establish by proof. 
Xr-gu-mijnt'al,, a. Belonging to an argument. 
Xr-GU-men-ta'tion, n. A process of reasoning. 
Xr-gu-ment'a-tive, a. Consisting of argument. 
Ar-gu-mSn'tum ad liom'i-nSin, [L.] (Logic.) Argu- 
ment to the man : — an argument that derives its 

force from its personal application. 
■fXR-GUTE', a. Subtle ; witty ; shrill. Barrow. 
a' RI--A, n. [It. J (Mas.) An air, song, or tune. 
a'RI-an, n. One of the followers of Arius. 
a'r!-an-i§m, n. Tlie doctrine or heresy of Arius. 
Xr'Id, a. Dry ; parched with heat. 
A-RlD'i-TY, n. State of being arid ; dryness. 
XR'ID-Niiss, 71. Dryness ; aridity. 
a'R1-e^, n. [L.J The Ram: — the first of the 

twelve signs of the zodiac, which the sun enters 

at the vernal equinox, on the 21st of March. 
fXR'l-E-TATE [ar'e-e-tat, S. P. K. Sm. Ask; a-ri'- 

e-tat, fV. Johnson], v. n. To butt like a ram. 
Xr-i-e-ta'tiqn, 77. Act of butting like a ram. 
AR-i-et' TA,n. [It] (Mas.) A short air, song, 

A-RIGHT' (Ei-rit'), o-d. Rightly ; correctly. 
Xr-i-o' ^o, [It.] (Mas.) Lightsome; gayorgayly. 

A-RI^E', 7). 71. [i. AROSE ; pp. ARISING, ARISEN.] To 

mount upward ; to get up ; to ascend ; to rise: — 
to revive from death : — to proceed from. 

XR'ls-TAR-eHV, 7!. A body of good men in power. 

Xr-is-toc'RA-cv, 77. That form of government 
which places the supreme power in the principal 
persons of a state : — the principal persons of a 
state or town; nobility; gentry. See Republic. 

Xr'!S-TO-crXt or A-Rls'Tp-CRAT [ar-js-to-krat', 
W. P. ; ar'js-to-krat, Ja. Sm. R. ; a-ris'to-krat, C. 
tfb.], 77. One who favors aristocracy ; a haughty 

^r-is-tq-crXt'ic, } a. Relating to aristocracy ; 

Hr-is-tq-crat'i-cal, J haughty; exclusive. 

SR-is-TQ-TE'Ll-AN," a. Relating to Aristotle. 

JtR-js-TO-TE'Ll-AN, 77. A follower of Aristotle. 

^-RlTH'MAN-cy [si-rith'main-se, S. IV. Ja.; ar'jth- 
man-se, IVb.], n. A foretelling by numbers. 

A-RiTH'ME-Tic, 77. The science of numbers. 

XR-jTH-MiiT'l-CAL, a. According to arithmetic. 

^-RlTH-Mfi-Ti"ciAN (si-rith-me-tish'5in), 77. One 
who is versed in aritlimetic. 

Xrk, 77. A chest: — a vessel to swim upon the 
water : usually applied to that in which Noah 
and his family were preserved : — a large, rude 

Xrle.^ (it\z), 77. pi. Earnest-money given to ser- 

Xrm, 77. The limb which reaches from the hand to 
the shoulder: — a bough of a tree: — an inlet of 
the sea: — a branch of military service. 

Xrm, v. a. To furnish with arms ; to fortify. 

Xrm, v. 71. To take arms. 

AR-MA'f>A,n. [Sp.] An armament for sea ; a fleet. 

ar-ma-d1l' Lo, 71. [Sp.] A bony-shelled animal. 

Xr'MA-m£nt, 71. A force equipped for war. 

ar'ma-ture, 71. Armor for defending the body : — 
a piece of soft iron applied to the loadstone. 

arm'-Chair, 77. A chair with rests for the arms. 

ar'men-tine n9), a. Relating to a herd of cattle. 

arm'fOl, n. As much as the arms can hold. 

Xrm'hole, 77. A cavity under the shoulder: — a 
hole in a garment for tlie arm. 

AR'Mi-jiER,n. [L.] A knight or esquire ; a title. 

Ar-mi^'er-ous, a. Bearing arms. 

ar'mil-la-ry, a. Resembling a bracelet. 

ar'mil-lat-ed, a. Having bracelets. 

Ar-min'ian (Vr-min'yftn), 71. A follower of Ar- 
minius, who differed from Calvin. 

Ar-mi'n'ian, a. Relating to the sect of Arminius. 

Ar-min'ian-i§m, 77. The doctrine of Arminius. 

Ar-mip'q-tence, 77. Power in war. 

Ar-Mip'o-tent, a. Powerful in arms. Shak. 

ar'mis-tice, 77. A cessation from arms; a "-.n- 
porary suspension of hostilities ; a truce. 

arm'let, 71. A little arm ; a bracelet. 

ar'mqr, 77. Defensive arms for tbo body. 

ar'mor-BeAr'er (ir'mgr-bir'er), 77. One who 
carries the armor of another. 

ar'mqr-er, 77. One who makes or sells arms. 

Ar-mo'ri-al, a. Belonging to annor ; heraldic. 

ar'MO-ry, 71. A place in which arms are depos- 
ited for use : — armor : - ■ ensigns armorial. 

arm'PIT, 71. The hollow place under the shoulder. 

ARM§, 71. pi. Weapons of offence or defence. ■ — 
(Her.) The ensigns armorial. of a family. 

Syn. irms originally meant instruments o( 

offence, and weapons, instruments of defence. 
Wc say fire-arms, never fire-77>effi;)07(.s, because fire 
is not employed defensively. Cannons, muskets, 
pistols, &c. are fire-arms ; bows and arrows, clubs, 
stones, &c. are weapons. 

ar'mv, 71. A large body of armed men under a 
military commander ; a host. 

Ar-n6t't6, 71. See Annotto. 

Ji-Ro'MA, n. [Gr.] The odorant principle of 
plants ; a pleasant odor. 

ar-o-mat'ic, )a. Containing aroma ; spicy ; 

AR-p-MAT'j-CAL, I fragrant. 

AR-o-MAT'ics, «. pi. Fragrant spices or drugs. 

AR-p-MAT-!-ZA'TioN, 71. The mingling of aro- 
matic spices with any medicine. 

AR'p-MA-TlZE or A-ro'ma-tize [ar'o-ma-tiz, 
S. W. E. K. R. ; 51-rom'a-tiz, P. ; j-ro'mji-tiz, Ja. 
Sm.], V. a. To scent with spices. 

A-r6'ma-TOUS, a. Containing aroma. 

A-ROSE', 1. From arise. See Arise. 

A-RoOnd', ad. In a circle ; on every side. 

A-ROUND', prep. About; near to ; encircling. 

A-RoO§E', V. a. To wake from sleep ; to raise up. 

A-r6vnt', interj. Begone ; away. 

^iJ-P£jff'jS/-6 (ar-ped'je-6), 71. [It.] (JUus.) The 
distinct sound of the notes of an instrumental 
chord, accompanying the voice. 

.^KPSJVT (ar'pang), 77. [Fr.] A French acre. 

AR-QUEBUS-ADE', 71. [Fr.J (Med.) All aro- 
matic, distilled lotion, applied to a bruise or wound. 

Xr'QUE-bDse,_i7. [Fr.] A hand gun ; a fusee. 

AR-QUE-BUS-iER' (ar-kwe-bus-5r'), 71. A soldier 
armed with an arquebuse. 

Xrr, 77. A mark made by a flesh-wound. {Local.] 

AR-RACK' [ar-rak', W. P J. F. Ja. : ar'ak, S. fC. 
Sm.], 71. A spirit procured by distillation from 
the cocoa-tree, or rice, or from mare's milk. 

Ar-Raign' (Fir-ran'), v. a. To bring before a tribu- 
nal I to charge ; to indict ; to accuse. 

Ar-raign' (5ir-ran'), ti. Arraignment. 

Ar-RA1GN'ment, 77. The act of arraigning. 

fAR-RAi'MENT, 71. Clothing; dress. 

Arrange', v. a. To put in regular order; to 
range ; to class ; to place. 

AR-RAN(;tE'MENT, 71. Act of arranging ; order. 

Xr'rant, a. Bad in a high degree ; vile. 

Ar'ras, 77. Rich tapestry, first made at Arras. 

Ar-ray',71. Order of battle : — dress: — a ranking. 

Ar-rav' f?r-ra'), v. a. To put in order ; to deck. 

Ar-rear', 77. That which remains unpaid. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n ; bOlL, BUr, rOLE. — 9, (;>, g, ««/< ; £,G,c,^,liard ; Kasz; ^asZ'i: THIS, 
9 '^ F* 




AR-REAR'A(J-E,n. Remainderofan account ; arrear. 

fAR-REcT', V. a. To raise or lift up ; to erect. 

AR-RECT', a. Erected; attentive; upright; erect. 

fAR-REP-Ti"Tio(js (ar-rep-tish'us), a. Snatched 
away ; crept in privily : — mad. 

Ar-rEst', ?(. {Law.) A seizure under legal process. 

Ar-REST', v. a. To seize ; to apprehend ; to stay. 

aR-RES-ta'TIO\, n. Act of arresting. 

Ar-rEt' [jr-ret', .fa. Sm. Wb. ; ar-ra', P.], n. [Fr.] 
A decree ; a decision of a court. 

^r-riere', n. [Fr.]^ The rear of an army. 

Ar-RI'val, ?i. Act ot coming to any place. • 

Ar-rTve', v. n. To come to any place, to happen. 

ar'RO-gance, ) n. Assumption of too much im- 

ar'rq-gan-CY, \ portance ; insolence of bearing. 

ar'RO-Gant, a. Possessed of arrogance ; haughty ; 
assuming ; authoritative ; despotic ; magisterial. 

Xr'RO-GANT-LY, ad. In an arrogant manner. 

ar'RQ-GATE, v. a. To claim vainly ; to assume. 

aR-RO-ga'tiqn, n. Act of arrogating : — adoption. 

ar'RO-ga-tIve, a. Claiming in an unjust man 

jlRROlVDlssEMENT(a.r-ron'<iea-itving'),n. [Fr.] 
A subdivision of a department. 

Xr'row, n. A pointed weapon shot from a bow. 

ar'row-r66t, n. A farinaceous substance. 

AR'EOVir-Y (ar'ro-e), a. Consisting of arrows. 

ar'se-NAL, n. A magazine of military stores. 

ARSE'NIC or AR'SE-Nic [ars'nik, S. fV J. F K. ; 
ar'se-nlk, Ja. i'm.], n. A poisonous mineral sub- 

Ar-s£n'i-cal, a. Containing arsenic. 

AR-si^'Ni-oDs, a. Containing arsenic. 

AR'sfi>,n. [Gr.] (Mas.) The raising of the hand, 
as applied to the beating of time. 

AR'sQN, n. (Law.) The act of voluntarily and 
maliciously burning the house of another. 

ART. The second person singular, indicative mode, 
present tense, of the verb to be. 

Xrt, n. The application of human knowledge or 
skill in the formation of things ; opposed to va- 
titre : — a science : — one of the fine arts, as poetiy, 
music, architecture, painting, sculpture, &c. ; or 
one of the useful or mechanical arts : — a trade : — 
artfulness ; artifice ; skill ; dexterity ; cunning. 

AR-Te'ri-al, a. Relating to an artery. 

AR-TiS-Ri-AL-i-ZA'TioN, 11. Act of arterializing. 

Ar-te'ri-al-ize, ». n. To impart, as to venous 
blood, the qualities of arterial blood. 

AR-TE-ri-ot'p-MV, n. The opening of an artery. 

ar'te-rv, n. One of the cylindrical tubes or ram- 
ifications of the aorta, which convey the blood 
from the heart to all parts of the body. 

AR-te'^ian (ar-ts'zhan), a. Relating to Artois in 
France. — Irtesian well, a well made by boring 
into the earth, often to a great depth. 

Srt'ful, a. Cunnina- ; sly; crafty; dexterous. 

Xrt'ful-LV, ad. With art; cunningly; skilfully. 

art'fOl-ness, 71. Quality of being artful. 

Ar-thrit'ic, ) a. Relating to arthritis or the 

AR-tiirTt'!-cal, \ gout; gouty. 

JIr-thrVtih [ar-thri'tis, Ja. ; ar-thrit'is, P. j 

■ iirth'rj-tTs, './3i-/t], ?i. [Gr.] The gout. 

ar't]-C'Hoke, n. A plant and esculent root. 

ar'ti-cle, n. A part of speech ; as, a, an, the .- — 
a single clause of an account : — pi. terms ; stipu 

Sijn. — Articles of indenture, of agreement, 
terms of settlement ; express stipulations • condi- 
tions of sale. 

Sr'ti-cle, v. n. To engage. 

ar'ti-cle, v. a. To draw up or bind by articles. 

AR-tTc'v-lar, a. Relating to articles or joints. 

Ar-tYc'u-late, v. a. To form words ; to speak: 
— to form joints to ; to joint. 

Syn. — Articulate distinctly ; prorinitnce properly. 

Ar-tic'ij-late, v. II. To speak distinctly 

Ar-TIc'iJ-LATE, a. Distinct; plain : —jointed. 

AR-Tic'y-LATE-tjV, ad. In an articulate manner. 

Ar-tTc-u-la'tion, n. Act of articulating: — a 
consonant : — a joint ; a juncture. 

Xr'ti-fice, n. A crafty device ; trick ; fraud ; de- 
ceit ; cunning ; art ; evasion. 

Ar-tif'i-cer, n. A mechanic ; a manufacturer. 

AR-Tl-Fl"ciAE (ar-te-fish'al), a. Made by art, not 
natural; fictitious; not genuine : — artful. 

ar-ti-fi-ci-al'i-ty (ar-te-fish-e-al'e-te), (). The 
quality of being artificial : — appearance of art. 

AR-T!-Fi"ciAL-LV, arf. By art ; not naturally. 

AR-TiL'LE-liiST, n. One who manages artillery. 

AR-til'le-rv, n. Weapons ot war ; ordnance : — 
troops that manage ordnance, cannon, &c. 

AR'T!-§An or aR-TI-§an' [ar'te-ziin, P.J. K. Sin, 
R. fVb. ; ar-te-zan', S. W. F. Ja.], n. A mechan 
ic ; an artificer ; a manufacturer. 

art'ist, ?(. One who practises one of the fine arts. 

Ar-tis'tic, ) a. Relating to the arts, or to an 

AR-Tis'TJ-CAL, \ artist. 

ART'LESS, a. Unskilful ; void of art ; simple. 

art'less-lv, ad. In an artless manner ; naturally. 

art'less-ness, M. Want of art; simplicity. 

A-run-di-na'ceous (a-run-de-na'shus), o. Of or 
like reeds. 

AR-UN-DiN'E-oDs, a. Abounding with reeds. 

A-rOs'pice, ?t. [ariispex, L.] A soothsayer. 

A-Rris'pi-cy, n. Divination by inspecting entrails. 

A§, conj. & ad. In the same or like manner; in the 
manner tliat ; that ; for example ; like ; equally. 

ASA-FCET' IDA (as-a-fet'e-da), n. See Assafceti- 

As-BES'TllNE, a. Pertaining to asbestos. [da. 

AsbEs'tos, * n. [Gr.] (Min.) A mineral sub- 

As-BES'TUS, ) stance, fibrous and incombustible, 
of which incombustible cloth is sometimes made. 

Jis-CAR' l-DE!$,n. pi. [Gr.] Intestinal worms. 

As-cend', v. n. To rise ; to move upwards. 

As-cend', v. a. To climb up ; to mount. 

As-cEnd'a-ble, a. Capable of being ascended. 

As-cEnd'ant, n. Height ; elevation ; superior- 
ity : — a person having influence ; — an ancestor. 

As-cEnd'ant, a. Superior; above the horizon. 

As-cEN'DE\-CY,n. Influence ; authority ; pov\'er. 

As-cen'sion (as-sen'shun), n. Act of ascending ; 
act of rising or, mounting upwards. 

As-cEn'SION-Day, n. The day on which the as- 
cension of our Saviour is commemorated ; the last 
Thursday but one before Whitsunday. 

As-cent', n. Act of rising ; rise ; an eminence. 

as-cer-TAIN', v. a. To make certain ; to establish. 

AS-CER-TAlN'A-BLE,a. That maybe ascertained. 

AS-CER-TAlN'MENT, n. The act of ascertaining. 

As-cEt'ic, a. Relating to ascetics ; austere. 

As-cEt'ic, n. A devout recluse ; a hermit. 

As-CET'l-ci^M, ?(. State or practice of an ascetic 

As'ciAN, n. ,■ pi. AS'CIANf (ash'yanz) [ascii, ash'e-i , 
L. pi.] Those people who, at certain times of the 
year, have no shadow at noon. 

As-cj'TE§, n. [L.] A dropsy of the abdomen. 

As-ciT'ic or AS-ciT'l-CAL, a. Dropsical. 

As-CRi'isA-BLE, a. That may be ascribed. 

As-cribe', v. a. To attribute to as a cause . — to 
attribute as a quality ; to impute. 

As-cRiP'TioN, n. Act of ascribing ; thing ascribed. 

ASH, 7(. A tree ; the wood of the ash. 

A-shamed' (a-shamd'), a. Touched with shame. 

XsH'E-Ry, n. A manufactory of potash : — a place 
for ashes ; an ashhole. [U. S.] 

ash'e§, n. pi. The dust or remains of any thing 
burnt ; the remains of a dead body. 

Xsii'hole, 71. A place for ashes. 

Asii'lar, j n. Freestone as it comes from the 

ash'ler, ( quarry, or squared for building. 

A-sh6re', arf. Onshore; to the shore ; stranded. 

Asii-Wednes'day, ji. The first day of Lent. 

Asu'y, a. Asli-colored ; turned into ashes. 

A-si-AT'lc (a-she-at'ik), a. Pertaining to Asia. 

A-si-AT'ic (a-she-at'jk), n. A native of Asia. 

A-si-AT'i-ci^M (a-siie-at'e-sizm), n. An Asiatic 
fashion, style, or idiom. 

A-sIuE', ad. To one side ; apart from the rest. 

fAs'i-NA-Ry, a. Uelonging to an ass ; asinine. 

As'i-NJNE, a. Relating to or resembling an ass. 

ASit (12), V. a. To seek to know by words; to 

A,T.,i,0,V,\,long : A, E,T,0,P, \, short ;A, E, I, O, i;,V, oi^scitre.— FARE, FAR, FAsT, ALL; HEIR, HER 




request ; to beg ; to claim ; to demand ; to ques- 

XsK, V. n. To petition ; to make inquiiy. 

As-Kance', ) ad. Sideways ; obliquely ; aside ; 

As-kant', ) askew. 

SsK'ER, 71. One who asks ; inquirer. 

A-SKiJw' (a-sku'), ad. Aside ; with contempt. 

A-SLANT', ad. In a slanting manner; on one side. 

A-SLi3i2P', a. & ad. Sleeping ; at rest : — dead. 

A-sl6pe', ad. With declivity ; obliquely. 

A-so'MA-Toas [a-so'ma-tiis, ./a. Sm. Wb.; a-s6m'- 
a-tus, P. C.]. a. Incorporeal ; without a body. 

Xsp (12), n. A poisonous serpent. 

As-par'a-gCs, n. [L.] An esculent plant. 

Xs'PECT, n. Look ; countenance ; air ; view. 

AS'PEN, n. A poplar having tremiiling leaves. 

AS'PElv, a. Belonging to the aspen-tree. 

Xs'PER,_n. A small Turkisli coin. 

Is'PE-RATE, i\ a. To roughen. See Aspirate. 

As-per'i-TY, n. Roughness ; harshness : sharpness. 

A-SPER'Moys, a. Destitute of seeds. 

As-perse', v. a. To vilify ; to slander ; to defame. 
Syn. — Men asperae tlieir neighbors by insinu- 
ations ; vilify or defame them by advancing charges 
to injure their character ; slander and calumniate 
them by propagating evil reports of them to others ; 
detract from their excellence by undervaluing the 
motives of their good deeds. 

As-PER'STON, n. A sprinkling : — censure ; calumny. 

As-phXlt', 7i. Bitumen; asphaltum. 

As-phXl'tic, a. Gummy; bituminous. 

As-PHAL' Tos,n. [Gr.l Same a.s asphaltum. 

An-PHAL'Tt/M, n. [L.] Mineral pitch ; native 
bitumen, solid and combustible. — Anglicized to 

Xs'PHQ-DEL, 7!. The day-lily ; the king's pear. 

As-PHVX'i-ATE, 11. fl. To strangle ; to sufibcate. 

As-PHYX'y, n. [asphyxia, L.] {Med.) Interrup- 
tion of respiration ; suspended animation. 

Xs'pic, 71. A piece of ordnance: — a serpent ; asp. 

As-PIR'ANT or Xs'pi-RANT [as-pir'jnt, K. Sm. 
R. fVb.; as'pe-rant nr as-plr'ant, Ja.], n. One 
who aspires : a candidate ; an aspirer. 

Xs'Pl-RATi:, V. a. To pronounce with full breath, 
or with the sound of the letter h: — to mark with 
the aspirate. 

Xs'Pi-RATE, a. Pronounced with full breath. 

AS'pi-RATE, 77. A mark to denote an aspirated pro- 
nunciation : — a rough breathing. 

AS-PI-RA'TION, 77. A breathing after; an ardent 
wish : — act of pronouncing with full breath. 

As-p1re', v. n. To aim at ; to desire eagerly. 

As-pTr'er, 77. One who aspires. 

As-pTr'ing, /7. a. Endeavoring to rise ; ambitious. 

Xs-POR-TA'TipN,77. {Law.) Act of carrying away. 

A-squTnt', ad. Obliquely ; not in a right line. 

ASS (12), 77. An animal of burden : — a dull fellow. 

Xs-sa-fcet'i-da (as-Fi-fet'j-da, 47), n. A very fetid 
gurn-resin, used ui medicine. 

As-sail', v. a. To attack in a hostile manner; to 
falljipon ; to assault : — to attack with argument. 

As-saii.'a-ble, a. That may be assailed or 

As-sail'ant, 77. One who attacks or invades. 

As-saii/ant, a. Attacking; aggressive. 

As-sail'er, 77. One who attacks. 

As-sail'ment, 77. Act of assailing. .Tnhnson. 

As-sXs'siN, 77. A secret murderer ; assassinator. 

As-sXs'si-NATE, V. a. To murder by violence and 
surprise. See Kill. 

As-sXs-si-na'tiqn, 77. The act of assassinating. 

As-sXs'si-NA-TpR, 77. One who assassinates. 

As-SAULT', 77. jlttaclc ; storm ; hostile violence. 

As-SAULT', 7). a. To attack ; to fall upon violently. 

As-sault'a-ble, a. Capable of being assaulted. 

As-satjlt'er, n. One who assaults. 

^s-sav', n. Examination ot ores and metals, or of 
weights and measures ; a trial ; attempt. 

;\s-SA y' (fis-sa'), V. n. To try ; to endeavor. 

As-say', v. a. T'o try or prove, as metals. 

A.s-say'er, 77. One who assays motal 

As-sfiM'BLAqtE, 77. A collection ; an assembly. 

fAs-SEM'BLANCE, 77. Similitude. Shak. 

As-sJSM'BLE, V. a. To bring together ; to collect. 

As-si2M'BL.E, V. n. To meet together. 

As-sem'bly, 71. A company ; an assemblage ; coL 
lection ; congregation ; convocation ; convention. 
Syn. — An assembly or assemblage of persons ; a 
group of figures ; a collection of books. — A legisla- 
tive or ecclesiastical assembly ; a company of sol- 
diers ; a Christian congregation ; an ecclesiastical 
or legislative council; a Presbyterian synod; a 
convocation of bishops and clergy ; an ecclesiasti- 
cal or political convention ; the American congress ; 
the British parliament ; the German diet. 

As-sfiNT', n. Act of agreeing ; consent. 

As-sent', v. n. To concede ; to agree to ; to 
consent \_ to comply. 

as-sen-Ta'tion, 77. Compliance. Bp. Hall. 

As-siJRT', V. a. To maintain ; to affirm ; to claim. 

As-ser'tion, 77. Act of asserting ; affirmation. 

As-ser'tiqn-AL, a. Implying assertion. 

As-si3R'TiVE, a. Positive ; dogmatical. 

As-ser'tor, 77. One who asserts : maintainer. 

Xs'ser-to-ry [as'ser-tiir-e, Ja. A'. Sm. R. ; as-ser'- 
to-re, Wb.\,a. Asserting; supporting. 

As-SESS', V. a. To charge with any sum ; to rate. 

As-sisss'A-BLE, a. That may be assessed. 

As-SES'siQN-A-RY, a. Pertaining to assessors. 

As-sisss'MENT, 71. Act of assessing ; sum assessed. 

As-SESS'pR, 77. One who assesses ; an assistant. 

as-ses-so'ri-al, a. Relating to assessors. 

Xs'siJTS [as'sgts, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. R.; 
as-sets', C. fVb.], n. pi. {Law.) Goods and chat- 
tels for the discharge of debt^, legacies, &c. 

tAs-SEV'ER^i). a. To asseverate. Baiiey. 

As-sE:v'er-ate, v. a. To affirm solemnly ; to aver. 

As-SEV-ER-A'TlpN, 77. A solemn affirmation. 

Xs-si-DU'l-TY, 77. Diligence ; close application. 

As-siD'y-oDs, a. Very diligent; constant; busy. 

As-siD'y-OUS-LY, (zrf. Diligently; constantly. 

As-sTd'u-ous-ness, 77. Diligence ; assiduity. 

As-sIGtN' (as-sin'), v. a. To mark out ; to appro- 
priate ; to make over to another ; to allot. 

As-sIgn', 77. One to whom an assignment is made ; 
an assignee. See Assignee. 

As-sTgn'a-ble (Eis-sin'ai-bl), a. That may be 

Assignat (as-in-ya' or as-jg-nat'), 7i. (Fr.) A 
sort of paper money once used in France. 

Xs-sig-na'tion, 77. An appointment to meet. 

Xs-sign-ee' (as-se-ne'), 77. One to whom any 
right, property, or assignment is made. 

As-sTgn'er (as-sin'er), 77. One who assigns. 

As-sign'ment (as-sin'ment), 77. Act of assigning ; 
a transfer of title or interest. [signs. 

Xs-siGN-OR' (as-se-nbr'), 77. {Law.) One who as- 

As-sim'i-l^-BLE, a. That may be assimilated. 

As-sTm'i-late, v. 77. To grow like or similar. 

As-sTm'i-late, 7;. a. To make similar. 

As-stM-i-LA'TlON, 7!. The act of assimilating: — 
conversion of food into nutriment. 

fAs-sTM'l-LA-Ti VE, a. Having power to assimilate. 

fAs-slM'u-LATE, V. a. To feign ; to simulate. 

As-sTsT', V. a. To help ; to aid ; to succor. 

As-sTst'ance, 77. Help; aid; succor; support. 

As-s"ist'ant, 77. One who assists ; an auxiliary ; 
a helper ; coadjutor. 

As-size', 77. \ assise, Fr.] {Eng. Law.) A court 
of judicature held twice a year in each county : — 
an ordinance to fix the weight of bread. 

As-sTZE', V. a. To fix the rate, measure, &c. 

As-siz'er, 77. One who assizes; an officer who 
inspects weights and measures. 

As-so'ci-a-ble (as-s6'she-?i-bl), a. Capable of 
being associated ; sociable ; companionable. 

As-so'ci-ate (^fis-so'she-at), v. a. To unite with 
another; to join in company ; to accompany. 

As-so'ci-ATE, V. V. To unite in company. 

As-so'cj-ATE (fis-s6'she-Eit), a. Confederate. 

As-so'ci-ATE, 7!. An intimate acquaintance; a 
partner; companion; ally; colleague. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s5n; bOll, BUK, rCLE. — 9,9, g, su/t; fJ, jS, Q, g, /tarrf; §asz; Jfospz: THIS. 




j\s-so-ci-A'TipN (?s-s6-she-a'shun), n. Confeder- 
acy , partnership , connection ; union. 

Syn. — An ecclesiastical or scientific association ; 
a confederacy of states ; a partnership in trade ; a 
connection between persons , a combination of in- 
dividuals ; a union of parties or states. 

As-so-ci-a'tion-al, a. Relating to association. 

As-s5[C!-A-TiVE, a. Tending to associate. 

f As-s6iL', V. a. To solve ; to release or set free. 

AS'so-NANCE, m. Resemblance of sound. 

As'sp-NANT, a. Having a similar sound. 

As-soRT', V. a. To arrange in order ; to class. 

As-sort'ment, »(. A quantity assorted ; a class. 

As-suAi^E' (as-swaj'), v. a. To soften; to ease; 
to allay ; to compose ; to soothe ; to moderate. 

As-sua^e'ment, n. Mitigation; abatement. 

As-SUA«'ER, n. One who assuages or pacifies. 

As-SUA'SIVE (as-swa'siv), a. Softening; easing. 

Xs'stJE-TUDE (as'swe-tud), m. Custom, [if.] 

As-sume', v. a. To take ; to claim ; to arrogate. 

As-sume', v. n. To be arrogant. 

As-sOm'i3R, n. One who assumes. 

As-sfiM'!N&, p. a. Arrogant; haughty; proud. 

As-suM'lNG, 71. Presumption. 

^n-siiMP' s[T(aii-sum'siX),n. [L.] (Law.) Avolun- 
tary promise or undertaking : — a species of action. 

As-suMP'TloN (as-sQm'shun), n. Act of assuming ; 
supposition; the thing supposed. — {Logic.) The 
minor proposition of a syllogism. 

As-suMP'TivE, a. Of a nature to be assumed. 

As-sOr'ance (a-shur'ans), n. Act of assuring : — 
confidence ; certainty : — want of modesty ; bold- 
ness : — security; insurance. 

Syn. — Assurance unaccompanied by a sense of 
propriety often degenerates into impudence or 
shamelessness : — well-founded confidence. 

As-sOre' (a-shur'), v. a. To give confidence ; to 
make secure : — to assert positively : — to insure. 

As-sOr'ed-ly (a-shur'ed-le), ad. Certainly. 

As-siIR'EU-NESS (a-shiJr'ed-nes), ?i. Certainty. 

As-si5R'ER (a-shur'er), n. One who assures. 

As-sur'gent, a. Rising upward or archwise. 

As-swA(jiE', jj. a. See Assuage. 

as'te-T§m, n. (Rhet.) Delicate irony. 

AS'TER,n. [L.] (Bot.) A genus of plants; starwort. 

AS'TER-iSK, n. A star or mark in printing, as (*). 

AS'TER-T^M, n. A constellation : — an asterisk. 

as'ter-jte, n. (Min.) The star-stone. 

A-stern', arf. (JVaut.) At the hinder part of a ship. 

Xs'TE-RoTd, n. {Astron.) A small planet. 

as-te-roid'al, a. Relating to an asteroid. 

As-THEN'ic, a. Feeble; without power. 

as-the-n6l'o-gy, n. A description of weakness. 

asth'ma (ast'ma), n. [Or.] {Med.) A disease 
attended with difliculty of breathing, and a congh. 

AsTH-MAT'JC, )a. Relating to asthma ; afHict- 

AsTH-MAT'i-CAL, \ ed with asthma. 

As-TiG'MA-Ti§M, n. A peculiar defect of the eye, 
which consists in its refracting the rays of light 
differently in different planes. 

As-ton'ish, r. a. To impress with wonder or 
terror ; to amaze ; to surprise. 

As-TON'isH-iNG, a. Very wonderful ; surprising. 

As-ton'ish-ment, n. Amazement; great sur- 
prise ; wonder ; terror mixed with awe. 

As-TOUND', V. a. To astonish ; to stun ; to terrify. 

A-strXd'dle, ad. With one leg on each side. 

AE'TRA-GAL, n. (Arch.) A small moulding. 

as'tr^l, a. Starry ; relating to the 'itars. 

A-STRAY', ad. Out of the right way or place. 

A-STRicT', V. a. To contract by applications. 

As-tric'tion, n. Act of contracting ; contraction. 

f As-tric'tive, a. Binding; compressing. 

A-STRiDE', ad. With the legs wide apart. 

As-TRiNaE', ^. a. To draw together ; to bind. 

As-trin'«i:n-cy, n. State of being astringent; 
power of contracting the parts of the body. 

As-TRiN'(^ENT, a. Binding; contracting. 

As-trin'gent, 71. A medicine which contracts. 

As-trog'^nq-sy, n. Knowledge of the fixed stars. 

x\s-trog'ra-phy, n. A description of the stars. 

as'tro-Tte, 71. A sparkling stone ; the star-stone 
AS'TRO-LABE, 71. An instrument formerly used fot 

taking the altitude of the sun or stars at sea. 
As-TR6L'p-<;iER, 7i. One versed in astrology. 
Xs-TRp-LO'(,i]-AN, 7(. The same as astrologer. 
as-tro-l6(^'!C, ) a. Relating to, or partaking 
AS-TRO-L6(jt'l-CAL, ( of, astrology. 
AS-TRp-L6qi'!-CAL-l.Y,ad. According to astrology. 
As-TRoL'p-^lZE, V. n. To practise astrology. 
As-trol'p-^y, 77. The pretended science or art 

of foretelling events by the aspect^f the stars or 

the heavenly bodies. 
As-tr6n'p-mer, n. One versed in astronomy. 
as-tro-nom'jc, ) a. Belonging to, or partak- 
as-trp-n6m'i-cal, \ ing of, astronomy. 
AS-TRp-NOM'i-CAii-LY, ad. In an astronomical 

As-tr6n'p-mize, v. n. To study astronomy. 
AsTRoiv'p-MV, n. The science which teaches the 

knowledge of the heavenly bodies. 

Syn. — Astronomy is founded on demonstration, 

and treats of the motions of the stars ; astrology 

treats of the supposed influence of the stars. 
fAs-TRos'cp-PY, 77. Observation of the stars. 
as'trp-the-6l'P-<^y, n. Theology founded on 

the observation of the celestial bodies. 
As-tute', a. Cunning; shrewd; acute; subtle. 
A-sun'der, a(?. Apart ; in twoparts. 
A-sy'lum, 77. [L.] L. pi. a-sy'la; Eng. a-sy'- 

LiJMS. A place of refuge ; a refuge ; a retreat ; 

a shelter : a harbor. 

Syn. — An asylum for criminals ; an asylum for 

orphans, or for the deaf and dumb ; a rcfmre from 

danger ; a shelter from a storm ; retreat from the 

toils of life ; harbor for ships. 
A-s?m'me-tr¥, n. Want of symmetry. 
'as'ymp-tote (as'im-tot) [as'im-tot, TV. Ja. Sm. 

li. ; ?-sTm'tot, S. K. Ash], n. {Oeom.) A line 

which approaches nearer and nearer to some curve, 

but never meets it. 
Xs-yMP-ToT'i-CAii, a. Approaching, but not 

Jl-s\'N'DE-Tt>N,n. [Gr.] {Rhet.) A figure which 

omits the conjunction ; as, Veni, vidi, vlci. 
AT, prep. Denoting nearness or presence ; towards ; 

near to ; by ; in ; on ; with. 
Xt'a-bXl, n. A kind of tabor used by the Moors. 
A-TAC'A-MiTE, 71. {Min.) A native muriate of 

ATE [at, S. F. Ja. K. R. C. ; et, Sm.]. Imperfect 

tense from eat. See Eat. 
ath-a-na'sian ^ath-a-na'shan), a. Relating to 

Athanasius or his doctrine. 
Xth-a-na'sian, 77. A follower of Athanasius. 
fXTH'A-NOR, 71. A furnace used by alchemists. 
a'the'-T§M, 77. Disbelief in the being of a God. 
a'the-ist, n. One who denies the existence of 

God ; an unbeliever ; an infidel. 
A-THE-ts'Tic, ) a. Pertaining to atheism ; ad- 
a-the-Ys'ti-cal, \ horing to atheism ; impious. 
a-the-'is'ti-cal-ly, ad. In an atheistical manner. 
ath-e-jVuE' UM, n. [L.] L. pi. atii-e-nm' a ; 

Eng. Xth-e^NjE'ijm^. A public seminary ; a 

gymnasium : — a public library, 
f a'the-ous, a. Atheistic ; godless. Milton. 
A-ther'ma-noDs, a. Applied to transparent sub- 
stances which resist the passage of radiant heat. 
A-thirst', o. Wanting drink ; thirsty. 
Xth'lete, 77. A contender for victory ; a wrestler. 
Ath-let'ic, a. Relating to wrestling or bodily 

exercise ; strong of body ; vigorous. 
A-thwart', 7)rfp. Across; transverse; through. 
A-tilt', ad. In the manner of a barrel tilted. 
at-lan-te'an, a. Pertaining to Atlas. 
At-lXn'te§, Figures supporting a building. 
At-lan'tic, a. Pertaining to the ocean which lies 

east of America : — n. The Atlantic ocean. 
At-lan' Ti-DElf, [L.] (Astron.) The Pleiades. 
at'las, 71. [L.] ; pi. Xt'las-e§. a collection ol 

maps: — a large square folio: — a large kind of 


A, E, I, 5, 1 , Y, ^077^ ; X, E, I, 5, 0, V, short ; A, E, J, p, V, Y, obscure.— FkRE, FAR, FXST, ALL; HfilR, HEEj 




Sx'MOS-pnERE (At'nins-fer), n. The mass of fluid 
or air wliicii encompasses the earth. 

St-mos-pher'ic, ) a. Relating to, or consist- 

Xt-mos-pher'i-cal, ( ing of, the atmosphere. 

at'om, n. The ultimate particle of an element ; an 
extremely small particle. 

A-tom'ic, a. Relating to atoms ; atomical. 

A-TOM'l-c AL, a. Consisting of, or relating to, atoms. 

AT'pM-i§M, n. The doctrine of atoms. 

at'om-Tst, n. One who holds tlie doctrine of atoms. 

Xt'qm-Tze, v. a. To reduce to atoms. 

fAT'Q-MY, n. Atom : — an ahhreviation oianatomrj. 

A-tone', v. n. To agree ; to be at one: — to stand 
as an equivalent. 

A-t6xe', v. a. To reconcile : — to expiate ; to satisfy. 

A-ton'e'ment, 71. Act of atoning ; reconciliation ; 
expiation : propitiation. 

A-TON'ER. )i One who atones or reconciles. 

A-ton'ic, «. Wanting tone ; relaxed. 

At'q-ny, n. {Med.) Want of tone ; debility. 

at-ra-bi-la'ri-an, J u Affected with mclau- 

Xt-ra-bi-la'ri-ous, ) choly, or black bile. 

AT-RA-BiL'loi;s, a. FuU of bile ; melancholy. 

aT-ra-men'tal, I a. Consisting of ink ; inky ; 

AT-RA-MEN'TOyS, \ black. 

a'tri-um, n. ; pi. a'tri-a. [L.] A court before 
a temple or house. 

A-TK5'cioys (a-tro-shus), a. Wicked in a high 
degree; enormous; outrageous; flagitious ; heinous. 

A-tr6'cious-ly, ad. In an atrocious manner. 

A-TRo'cioys-NESS, n. Enormous criminality. 

A-TROf 'l-TY, n. Great wickedness ; enormity. 

Xt'kq-phy, 11. (Med.) A consumption ; a wasting. 

At-tach', v. a. To seize or arrest by judicial 
process ; to take : — to gain over ; to win ; to af- 
fx; t-fix. 

AT-TACH-A-rLE, a. That may be attached. 

Attache {a-t-i-sha.'), n. [Fr.J A person depen- 
dent on, or attached to, another person, company, 
or legation ; an adherent. 

At-tach'ment,7i. Act of attaching ; adherence; 
fidelity; tlie union of afTection. — (Law.) The 
taking of a person or goods by legal process. 

At-tXck', v. a. To assault ; to fall upon ; to assail. 

At-tack', »t. An assault ; onset; invasion. 

Syn. — A formidable attack ; a violent assault ; 
an impetuous onset ; invasion of a country ; a well- 
directed charge. 

Attain', v. a. To gain ; to obtain ; to come to. 

Attain', v. n. To reach ; to arrive at. 

At-tain'a-ble, a. That may be attained. 

AT-TAlN'A-BLE-NESS,7i. State of being attainable. 

At-tain'der, 77. (Law) The act of attainting ; 
conviction of a crime : — taint ; disgrace. 

At-tain'ment, n. That which is obtained by 
exertion ; acquirement ; acquisition. 

At-taint', v. a. To disgrace; to taint; to cor- 
rupt.— (i-a!^.) To find guilty of a high crime. 

At-taint', 71. A stain. — {Law.) Akindofwrit 

At-taint'ment, 71. The state of being attainted. 

AT-TiJlvi'PER, «. a. To mingle ; to soften ; to fit to. 

At-tempt' (at-temt'), V a. To try ; to endeavor; 
to essay ; to make experiment ; to attack. 

At-tempt', 77. An essay ; a trial ; endeavor. 

Syn. — A spirited or fruitless attempt; a perse- 
vering trial ; a feeble essay ; a mighty effort ; an 
earnest evdearor. 
AT-Ti:MPT'A-nLE, a. That may be attempted. 
.\t TitMPT'ER (at-temt'er), 7i. One who attempts. 
.\T-TEi\D', V. a. To wait on; to accompany; to 

follow ; to await ; to remain to ; to expect. 
At-tEnd', v. 71. To listen ; to wait ; to be near. 
AT-TitND'ANCE, 71. The act of waiting on ; ser- 
vice ; attention : — the persons waiting ; a train. 
At-tenu'ant, a. Accompanying as subordinate. 
At-t6nd'ant, 71. One who attends, or is present. 
At-ti^n'tion, 71. Actof attending ; heed ; civihty. 
Syn. — Give attention to learning ; application or 
diligent stnily is necessary to improvement ; show 
riroper attention and ciiiilities to otiiers ; use vigi- 
lance in your calling ; take heed to your conduct. 

At-ten'tive, a. Paying attention ; heedful ; diU 
igcnt , careful ; mindful. 

At-ten'tive-LV, ad. needfully ; carefully. 

At-Tcn'tive-ness, 77. State of being attentive. 

AT-TEN'y-ANT, a. Making thin ; diluting 

At-ten'u-ants, 11. pi. Attenuating medicines. 

AT-TEN'y-ATE, V. a To make thin or slender. 

At-ten'u-ate, a. iVlade thin or clondor ; diluted. 

At-ten-v-a'tion, 7!. The making thin or slender. 

At-test', t). a. To bear witness of; to certify. 

At-TEST', 71. Witness; testimony, ^hak. [iJ.] 

at-tes-ta'tiqn, 77. Act of attesting ; testimony ; 
\\ itness . evidence : — a certificate. 

Xt'tic, ) a. Relating to Attica or Athens ; ele- 

Xt'ti-cal, \ gant ; pure ; classical : — elevated. — 
Attic story, an upper story. 

AT'Tic, 77. A native of Attica : — a garret. 

Xt'T!-cT§m, n. The Attic style or idiom. 

AT'T[-ciZE, V. 11. Tc use an Atticism. 

.\t-tJre', v. a. To dross ; to array ; to clothe. 

At-tire', 71. Clothes; dress; vesture; apparel; 
vestmejits : — the head-dress. 

Xtti-tHde, 71. Posture; position; gesture. 

Xt-T!-tO'd!-n_^l, a. Relating to attitude or posture. 

Xt-TI-tC'di-nize, v. 11. To assume postures. 

At-t6l'lent, a. Lifting up ; raising. 

At-torn' (at-tiirn'), x. a. To transfer service. 

At-tor'nev (at-tUr'nc), n. ; pi. at-tor'ney?. 
One who acts for another ; one who prepares cases 
for legal trial ; a lawyer. 

AT-TOR'NEV-siliP(-tUr'-),77. Oniceo! an attorney. 

At-torn'jient (at-turn'ment), n. (Law.) A 
yielding of a tenant to a new lord. 

At-TrXct', v. a To draw to ; to unite ; to allure. 

At-trXct-a BlL'l-TY, 11. State of being attract- 

' .able. 

At-trXct'a-BLE, a. That may be attracted. 

At-trAc'tile, a. Having power to attract. 

At trac'tion (at-trak'shun), 71. Act of attract- 
ing ; power of attracting . allurement : — the 
jiowor or tendency in bodies to apjiroach each 
other and to resist separation ; distinguished into 
the attraction of gravity and the attraction of cohe- 

At-trXc'TIVE, a. Drawing ; alluring ; ihvithig. 

At-trXc'tive, 77. That which draws or incites. 

At-trXc'tive-lv, ad In an attracting manner. 

At-trac'tive-ness, 7!. State of being attractive. 

At-trac'T9R, 77. He or that which attracts ; a 

St'tr A-iiENT, n. That which draws or attracts. 

f At-trec-ta'tiqn, 77. A frequent handling. 

At-trib'u-ta-ble, a. Ascribable ; imputable. 

At-trTb'UTE, v. a. To ascribe ; to impute. 

Xt'tri-bute, 77. A thing attributed or belonging 
to any one ; a quality ; a property ; a thing inhe- 
rent ; as, " goodness is an attribute of God." 

AT-TRl-Bu'TipN, 71. Act of attributing ; attribute. 

.\T-TRTB'y-TiVE, a. Expressing an attribute. 

At-trite', a. Ground ; worn by rubbing. 

At-trTte'ness, n. State of being iiuch worn. 

At-trT"tion (at-trlsh'un), 77. The act of wear- 
ing, or the state of being worn by rubbing ; abra- 
sion : — grief for sin, arising only from fear. 

At-tOne', v. a. To make musical ; to tune. 

AU'BVRN, a. Reddish brown ; of a dark color. 

AUc'TlpN (awk'shun), 71. A public sale of prop- 
erty to tlie highest bidder. 

AUc'TipN-A-RY, a. Belonging to an auction. 

AUC-TlpN-EER', 77. One who sells by auction. 

AU-l)A'cioys (aw-da'shus), a. Bold ; impudent. 

au-da'cious-lv, arf. Boldly; impudently. 

au-da'cious-nEss, 71. State of being audacious. 

au-dA^'i-TY, 71. Effrontery; boldness; hardihood. 

Syn. Audacity marks a daring, boldness, a 

ready character. The undacitii of a knave ; the 
boldness or hardihood of an advocate ; the impu- 
dence of a knave ; the effrontery of a villain. 

au'di-BLE, a. Capable of being heard. 

au'ij!-ble-n£s.«!, 71. Capability of being heard. 

AU'DI-BLV, ad. In an audible manner. 

MIEN, SIR J MO VE, NOR, s6n ; bOll, BUR, rCle , — 9, </, |, Soft / «, jG. £, |, hard ; ^asz-^.asiiz: this. 




AU'Di-iSNCE, n. The act of Jiearini;; ; a liearins; : — 

an auditory ; an assembly ol hearers. 
AU'dit, 7(. The taking and settling of accounts. 
AU'DiT, V. a. To take and adjust, as an account. 
AU'Di-TpR, w. [L.] A hearer : — one who audits ; 

one employed and authorized to take an account. 
Au'Di-TOR-SHiP, )i. The ottice of an auditor. 
au'di-to-ry, a. Relating to the sense of hearing; 

having the power of hearing. 
AU'Dj-TO-RV', 11. An audience ; an asseml)ly of 

hearers : — a place where lectures are heard. 
Au'Di-TRESS, n. A female hearer. 
AU-(j>i;'AN, a. Belonging to Augeas : — full of dirt. 
au'jEJER, h. An iron tool to bore holes with. 
Aught (awt), n. Any thing ; any part. 
AU'i^lTE, 71. {Mill.) A crystalline mineral. 
aiig-ment', v. a. To make larger ; to increase. 
Al.G-MiJNT', V. n. To grow larger; to increase. 
AUG'MENT, »j. Increase; state of increase. — 

(Gram.) A letter or syllable prefixed to a word. 
Ai;G-Mi3NT'A-BL.E, a. That may be augmented. 
aug-men-ta'tion, n. Act of increasing ; increase. 
AUG-M6N'TA-TfVE, a. That augments. 
au'gre (aw'gur), 71. See Auger, 
au'gur, 71. One who augurs ; a soothsayer. 
AU'GIJR, V. n. To guess ; to conjecture by signs. 
au'gur, v. a. To predict by signs ; to foretoken. 
au'gu-rate, ?j. «. To judge by augury, [i?.] 
AU'GU-RATE, 71. The Office or function of an augur. 
au-gO'ri-al, a. Relating to augury. 
Au'gu-RY, 11. Pi-ognostication by signs ; omen. 
AU'GyaT,7t. The eighth month in the year, so 

named in honor of Augustus Cfesar. 
Au-GUST', a. Great ; grand ; awful ; majestic. 
Au-gOs'tan, a. Relating to Augustus. 
Atr-GBs'TiNE, n. One of an order of monks-. 
Au-GUST'ness, n. State of being august. 
Au-LET'lc, a. Belonging to pipes. 
Au'lic, a. Belonging to an imperial court. 
AUNT (ant, 23), 7i. A father's or mother's sister. 
Au'RA, 7>. ; pi. AU' RjE. [L.] a breath of H-r. 

— {Med.) A vapor ; exhalation from the body. 
Au'RAjr-ED, a. Relating to or containing gold. 
aU-me'li-a, n. The pupa or chrysalis of an insect. 
AU-Rii'p-LA, n. A circle of rays ; crown of glory. 
Au'Ri-CLE (au're-kl), 71. {Anat.) The external 

ear : — one of the two venous chambers of the 

AU-Ric'u-LA, n. A species of primrose. 
Au-Ric'u-LAR, a. Conveyed by hearing : — told in 

secret ; as, auricular confession. 
AU-Rlc'y-L.ATE, a. Shaped like an ear. 
AU-RlF'ER-bOs, a. Containing gold. 
Au'Rl-FoRM, a. Ear-shaped ; auriculate. 
au-rTg'ra-phy, 77. Art of writing with gold ; a 

writing in gold. 
Au'rist, 71. One skilled in disorders of the ear. 

AV-RO' RA, 71. [L..] L. pi. AU-RO' RjE ; Eng. 
au-ro'RA^. The dawning light before sunrise; 
daybreak ; morning : — the crow's-foot, a flower. 

Av-ro'ra bo-re-a'lis, n. [L.] The northern day- 
break, so called because it is a meteor usually 
appearing in the north, and resembles the dawn 
of day. 

Au-ro'ral, a. Relating to the aurora, or aurora 

AUS-cuL-TA'TipN, 7!. Actof listening to. — {Med.) 
A method of distinguishing diseases by the steth- 
oscope. _ 

Aus'pi-CATE, V. a. To foreshow : — to begin. 

AU'spiCE, 77. An omen drawn from birds ; favor- 
able appearance ; protection ; influence. 

AU-spi"ciAL, a. Relating to prognostics. 

AU-SPi"ci6t;s (aw-spish'us), a. Having omens of 
success ; prosperous ; propitious ; lucky. 

Sfjii. — J?«.spici««s circumstances ; prosperous en- 
terprise ; propitious climate ; lucky event ; favor- 
able wind. 

Au-spf "cioiJS-LY, ad. In an auspicious manner. 

Au-SPi"cioiJS-NfiSS, 71. Prosperous appearance. 

AU-STERE', a. Severe ; harsk ; rigid ; stern ; ascetic. 

au-stere'\ess, 71. Severity; rigor; austerity. 
AU-STiiR'l-TV, 77. Severity; rigor; uiortitied life. 
Sijn. ^unteritij of monastic life; neoeritij oi 

punishment; stnctHejis or 7-i^ur of discipline ; stern- 

7iess of manners. 
Aus'TRAL, a. Southern ; towards the south. 
au-then'tic, I a. Resting on aullmrity ; not 
Au-THEN'TicAL, \ fictitious ; genuine ; true. 
St/?!. Authentic news; authentic work ; genui7ie 

production ; genuine text ; triie history. 
Au-tiien'ti-cal-l V, ad. In an authentic manner. 
AU-THEN'Ti-CAL-NESS, 71. Authenticity. 
AU-TiiiJN'Tl-CATE, V. a. To prove by authority. 
AU-Tiii3N-Ti-CA'TioN, 71. Act of authenticating. 
au-tiien-ti9'i-ty, 71. State of being authentic. 
au'thor, 71. The first beginner or mover ; the effi- 
cient ; the writer or composer of ajDook ; a writer. 
Au'thor-ess, 71. A female author. 
Au-thor'i-ta-ti've, a. Having authority ; posi- 
tive ; dictatorial ; commanding ; peremptory. 
AU-TtloR'l-TA-TlVE-LY, ad. By use of authority. 
Au-thor'i-Ty; n. Right to command ; legal pow- 
er ; force ; influence ; rule ; support ; testimony ; 

Au-thor-i-za'tion, 71. Act of giving authority. 
Au'TUOR-lZE, v.a. To establish by authority ; to 

give authority ; to make legal ; to empower ; to 

Au'THOR-sii'iP, 71. State or quality of an author. 
Au-to-bi-og'ra-pher, 77. One who writes his 

own life. 
Au-tp-bI-p-graph'ic, ) a. Relating to auto- 
Au-Tp-Bi-p-GRAPH'i-CAL, ', biography. 
AU-Tp-Bl-OG'RA-PHY, n. The life or biography of 

a person written by himself. 
Au-t6c'ra-cy, 71. Absolute, self-derived power. 
Au'tp-crat, 71. An absolute sovereign ; a despot. 
AU-Tp-cRAT'lc, ) a. Relating to autocracy; 
au-to-crat'j-cal, \ absolute. 
Auto da fe (aw'to-da-fa'), «• [Sp. ; properly auto 

defe, act of faith.] A sentence of the Inquisition 

for burning a heretic. 
Au'tp-grXph, 71. A person's own handwriting. 
Au-tp-graph'i-cal, a. Relating to an autograph. 
au-toQ'ra-phy, 77. A person's own writing. 
au-t6m'a-lIte, 71. {Min.) A crystalline mineral. 
Au-Tp-MAl'ic, ) a. Belonging to an autiuiia- 
Au-to-mAt'i-cal, ) ton: — actingof itself; spon. 

Au-tom'a-ton, r. JGr.] Gr. pi. au-tQm' a-taj 

Eng. AiJ-t6m'a-ton§. A machine so construct. 

ed as to imitate the action of men or animals. 
Au-tom'a-tous, a. Automatical. [R.] 
f au-t6n'p-MY, 71. Power of self-government. 
AU'Top-sy, 71. Ocular demonstration. 
au-top'ti-cal, a. Seen by one's own eyes. 
Au'tumn (aw'tum, 83), m. The season of the yeai 

between summer and winter ; fall of the year. 
au-tum'nai^, a. Belonging to autumn. 
AUX-E'sis,7i. [L.] {Rket.) Amplification. 
AU3f-iL'lAR (awg-zil'yar), a. Assisting; auxiliary 
Au^-Ie'ia-rv (avvg-zi]'y?-re), 71. A helper. ^fZ 

Foreign troops in the service of nations at war. 
AUJf-lL'lA-RY (awg-zil'ya-re), a. Assisting.-^ 

(Gra7ii.) A term applied to a verb that heljis tc 

conjugate other verbs ; as, Tuaij, can. 
A-VAiL', V. a. To profit ; to promote ; to benefit. 
A-vail', v. 71. To be of use or advantage. 
A-VAiL', 71. Use; advantage; benefit. — Pl.Vro. 

ceeds or profits from labor, sales, &,c. 

Sijn. — His efforts were of no avail or 7ise; hs 

conferred no benefit^ and gained no advantage. 
A-vail-a-eil'i-ty, 71. Availableness. 
A-VAIL'A-BLE, a. That may be used with success; 

profitable ; powerful ; useful. 
A-vail'a-ble-nEss, 71. Power; legal force. 
A-vail'a-bly, arf. Powerfully; validly; legally. 
Ar'A-LANpHE', n. [Fr.] A vast body of snow, 

ice, earth, <Stc., sliding down a mountain into a 

AVAJVT-COURIER {A-Ving'-ko'ret),n. (Fr.) One 

A. E, 1,0,0, Yjlong; A, E,T, 6, 0, Y, short; A,E, I, p, t; , \ , obscure. — fare,far, fAst, ali,; ii£:ir, her; 



who is despatched before the rest to notify ap- 

41-V'aNT'-Guard (a vaiit'giird or ^-vang'gard) [9- 
vant'gard, tV. P. ./. F. ; ai-va.iiut'gard, i'. ; a- 
vauiig'garil, Ja. ; a-vSng'gard, K. Sm.], n. The 
van ; the first body of an army. 

A-van'tu-rine, ;(. {JUiii.) A beautiful ir.deaceiit 
variety of rock crystal. 

Av'A-RicE, n. Inordinate desire of gain or prop- 
erty ; penuriousness ; covetousiiess ; ciipjdiy. 

Syv. — Avarice and pemiriousness keep wliat is 
gained by covctousness and cupidity. 

Av-A-Rl"cioys (av-j-rish'us), a. Possessed of 
avarice ; greedy of gain ; covetous ; niggardly ; 
miserly ; parsimonious ; penurious. 

Sytt. — The avaricious are unwilling to part with 
their money ; the covetous are eager to obtain 
money ; the niggardly are mean in their dealings 
with others ; the miserly, parsimonious, and penu- 
rious are mean to themselves, as well as to others. 

Xv-A-Ri"cious-Ly, ad. In an avaricious manner. 

AV-A-Rl"cious-NESS, 7(. Covetousness. 

>\-VAST', interj. (JVaut.) Hold ; stop ; stay. 

Ar-A-TAR', n. (Hindoo mythology.) The Liicama- 
tion or a metamorphosis of the Deity. 

A-VAUNT', interj. Hence ; begone. 

a' ve (a've), n. [l,.] An address to the Virgin 
Mary, so called from the first words, jlve Maria. 

A-VEN(^E', V. a. To take vengeance on ; to punish : 
— to retaliate ; to revenge. 

Syn. — The wrongs of a person may be avenged, 
and the wrong-doer punished; but to revenge or 
retaliate is unchristian. 

•fA-VEN(^E'MENT, n. Vengeance ; punishment. 

A-VEN§^'ER, n. One who avenges. 

tA-VE^fT'yRE (a-vent'yur),?!. (Law.) A mischance. 

AV'E-iNUE (av'e-nii), ?t. A passage; a way of en- 
trance ; an alley of trees before a house. 

A-VER', V. a. To declare positively ; to assert. 

av'er-age, n. A medium ; a mean proportion : — 
a contribution to a general loss. 

X'V'ER-A(jrE, V. a. To reduce to a medium. 

av'er-a^e, v. n. To be in a medial state. 

Xv'er-a^^e, a. Medial; having a medium. 

A-viJR'MENT, n. Atfirmation ; justification. 

1v-er-rDn'c ATE, K. a. To prune : to root up. [R.] 

Xv-er-sa'tion, ». Hatred ; abhorrence. [R.] 

^-VERSE', a. Having aversion; disinclined to; 
unwilling ; reluctant ; loath. 

Syn. — Averse to study ; umnilling to labor; re- 
Ivctant to perform a task ; loath to receive advice. 

A-verse'ly, ad. Unwillingly; backwardly. 

A-VERSE'NESS, n. Unwillingness; dislike. 

A-viJR'sipN, n. Moderate hatred; dislike; ab- 
horrence ; repugnance : — cause of aversion. 

A-visRT', v. a. To turn aside ; to put away. 

A-vert', v. n. To turn away. 

a'vi-a-ry, n. A place inclosed to keep birds in. 

A-VlD'i-Ty, 71. Eagerness ; greediness ; voracity. 

Syn. ^ojc^/t)/ of desire ; eagerness in the pursuit 

of pleasure; greediness of gSiin ; uoracit?/ of appetite. 

tXv'o-CATE, V. a. To call off or away. 

Xv-o-CA'TlpN (av-o-ka'shun), n. Act of calling 
aside : business that calls aside ; employment. 

A-v'oiD', w. a. To shun ; to escape from ; to elude ; 
to eschew ; to evade. 

Syn. — Avoid the gaming-house ; shun bad com- 
pany; escape danger; eiurfe punishment; eschcwevil. 

A-voiD'A-BLE, a. That may be avoided. 

A-v6id'ance, n. Act of avoiding ; deprivation. 

A-VO(d'less, a. Unavoidable. 

Xv-ofR-DiJ-poi?' (av-er-du-pbiz'), n. &, a. A 
weight, of which a pound contains 16 ounces. 

Xv-o-LA'TiQN, j(. A flight ; escape, [i?.] 

A-VofiCIl', V. a. To affirm ; to declare ; to vouch. 

A-voOcii'a-ble, a. That may be avouched. 

A-voucil'MENT, H. A declaration. Sliak. [k.] 

A-vb w', V. a. To declare openly ; to own ; to ac- 
kninvledge ; to confess ; to profess. 

A-viivV'A-Bl.E, a. That may bo avowed. 

A-vciw'Al. n. Open declaration ; justification. 

A-V(5wEr)' (a-vbud'), p. n. Pednred ; professed 

A-VOW'^p-(^Y, ad. In an ojien manner. 

AV-iiw-iiE', n. Advowee. See Advowee. 

A-vow'er, n. One who avows or justifies. 

A-v6w'ry, n. {Laic.) A justification by one who 
has taken a distress in his own right. 

A-vDl'sion, n. The act of tearing away. 

A-WAIT', V. a. To expect ; to attend ; to wait for. 

A-wake', v. a. [i. AWOKE or awaked ; pp. awak 
iNG, AWOKE or AWAKED.] To rouse from sleep; 
to wake ; to awaken. 

A-wake', v. n. To break from sleep ; to wake. 

A-W'AKe', a. Not sleeping; not being asleep. 

A-wak'en (a-wa'kn), v. a. & n. To awake. 

A-WAK'EN-iNG, 7!. Act of waking ; revival. 

A-WARD', i>. a. To adjudge ; to sentence. 

A-ward', v. n. To decree ; to judge. 

A-ward', 71. Judgment; sentence; decree. 

A-ware', a. Vigilant ; cautious ; attentive. 

A-VVAY' (a-wa'), ad. At a distance off; not at 
home: off. — interj. Begone. 

AWE (aw), 71. Reverential fear; reverence ; ven- 
eration ; dread. 

Syn. — Stand in awe of your Creator ; regard 
religion with reverence, great and good men with 
veneration, and the commission of sin with dread. 

AWE (aw), V. a. To strike with reverence. 

awe'-strDck, p. a. Impressed with awe. 

aw'fOl, a. That strikes with awe ; dreadful. 

aw'fOl,-ly, ad. In an awful manner. 

aw'fOl-n£ss, 71. Quality of being awful. 

A-WHILE', ad. For some time ; for a short time. 

AWK'wARD, a. Unhandy; clumsy; wanting dex- 
terity or skill ; impolite. 

Syn. — An awkward gait or manner ; impolite 
manners ; an unhandy instrument ; a clumsy shape. 

AWK'WARD-LY, ad. In an awkward manner. 

awk'ward-nEss, 77. State of being awkward. 

AWL (all), n. An instrument to bore holes with. 

AWN, 77. The beard of grasses or grain. 

awn'ing, 77. A cover of canvas spread over a 
boat, or any place without a roof, for shade. 

AWN'LESS, a. Having no awn or beard. 

A-woke', i. From awake. See Awake. 

A-wry' (a-ri'), ad. & a. Obliquely ; asquint. 

AXE (ax), 71. An instrument, with a sharp edge, 
for chopping and hewing. 

AX'l-AL, a. Relating to the axis. 

Ax-iF'ER-otJs, a. (Bot.) Noting plants which 
consist wholly of an axis, as lichens. 

Xx'i-FORM, a. Formed like an axe or axis. 

Xx'JL, 77. [aiiHa, L.] (Anat.) The armpit. — (Pof.) 
The junction of a leaf on a branch. 

AX-'iL'LA,n.;pl. ax-il'l^. [L.] {Anat.) Th» 
armpit : — same as azil. See Axil. 

AX'lL-LA-RY. a. Belonging to the armpit. 

AX'IOM (aks'yum), n. A self-evident truth. 

Syn. — Axiom, maxim, aphorism, apothegm, 
adage, proverb, saying, by-word, saw, trui.-«'i. 
These several words all denote phrases wliicli 
affirm some general proposition. Axioms are ui 
science what maxims are in morals. An intuitive 
truth, which it is proper to specify, is an axiom, 
but if needless to detail, it is a truism. Silly saws 
and quaint sayings often become by-words among 
the vulgar. The axioms of science ; the maxims 
of prudence ; the aphorisms of Hippocrates or L;»- 
vater ; the apothegms of Plutarch ; the adages 
of the ancients ; the sayings of the wise ; the 
sa7Ds of the vulgar. 

AX-i-p-MAT'ic, ) a. Relating to, or containing, 

AX-i-p-MAT'i-cAL, ( axioms. 

AX'is, 77. ; pi. Xx'e§. [L.] The line, real or im- 
aginary, that passes througli any body, on which 
it may revolve. — {Bot.) A stem. 

Sx'LE (ak'sl), ) 71. A piece of timber, or 

AX'LE-TRiiiJ (Sk'sl-trC), i bar of iron, on which 
the wheels of a carriage turn. 

Xynr AVE(ac) [a'e, Sm. ; i'e, P.J.F.R.; I, 
C. 1 , ad. Yes ; — expressing assent. 

AYE {d),ad. Always; forever; to eternity. 

JMiE.\,s'lK; MOVE, MOK, SON ; JiOl.L, BiJK,KCiLE. — 9 , V , g, »«/£ ■" *:, G, c, g, Aurrf; §asz; 1f.asgz: THIS 




Ay'rv (Ar'e), n. The nest of a hawk. See Evry. 
AZ'i-mOth, 1- (^stroll.) The azimuth (pf the sun, 

or (if a star, is an arc between the meridian of iJie 

place and any given vertical line. 
Xz'l-MU-TiiAL, a. Relating to the azimuth. 
AZ'OTE [az'6t, Sm. R., P. Cijc. :',K. C. JfS.], 

71. (^Ckenu) A kiud of gas, fatal to animal life, it 

is one of the constituents of common air, and is 

railed also nitroiren. 
A-zot'ic, a. Relating to, or containing, azote. 
*A'ZI;re (a'zhur or azh'ur) [a'zhur, S. E. F. K. 

R. ; a'zhur, IV. Ja. C. ; azh'ur, J. ivb. ; az'yr, P. ; 

Jl'zhor, Sm.], a. Blue ; faint blue ; sky-colored. 
*a'zvre, 71. The color of the sky : — the sky. 


Bthe second letter of the English alphabet, is a 
J mute and a labial, being pronounced by press- 
ing the whole lengtli of the lips together. 

Baa (bii), ii. The cry of a sheep. 

Baa (bii), V. n. To cry like a sheep. 

Ba'al, n. An ancient idol, representing the sun. 

Bab'ble, v. n. To prattle like a child ; to talk idly. 

Bab'ble, v. a. To prate ; to tell, as secrets. 

Bab'ble, n. Idle talk ; senseless prattle. 

Bab'ble-ment,7!. Senseless prate ; babble. Milton. 

Bab'bler, n. An idle talker ; a teller of secrets. 

Bab'BLINO, 71. Foolish talk ; babble. 

Babe, h. An infant ; a young child ; baby. 

Ba'be-rv, n. Finery to please a child. 

Ba-b66n', 71. A large kind of monkey. 

Ba'by, n. A young child ; an infant ; babe. 

Ba'by-hood (ba'be-hud), 71. Infancy; childhood. 

BA'BY-isfl, a. Like a babe ; childish. 

Bac-c a-Lau're-ate, n. The degree of a bachelor. 

Bac'cate, a. (But.) Having berries or soft flesh. 

Bac'cat-ed, a. Having pearls or berries. 

Bac'iBHA-nal, a. Drunken ; noisy. 

Bac'CHA-NAL or BaC-£HA-NA'LI-AN, 71. A 
drunkard ; debauchee. 

Bac-£;ha-na'jji-an, a. Relating to revelry ; bac- 

Bac'j6ha-nal§, n. ; pi. Drunken feasts or revels. 

Bac-^han' TEi), [L.] The [)riests of Bacchus. 

BAje-^iF'ER-oOs, a. Bearing berries. 

BAe-91 v'o-RotJS, a. Feeding on berries. 

Bach'e-lor, 71. An unmarried man: — one who 
has taken his first degree in the liberal arts: — a 
knight of the lowest order. 

Bach'e-lor-ship, n. State of a bachelor. 

Back, n. The hinder part of the body in man, and 
the upper part in animals ; the outer part of the 
hand ; the hinder part of a thing ; the rear. 

Back, ad. To the place left ; behind ; again. 

Back. ?;. a. To mount a horse: — to place upon 
the back : — to maintain ; to justify : — to second. 

Back, a. Being behind or passed bj^ 

Back'bite, v. a. To censure or slander the absent. 

BACK'B|T-ER,7t. A privy calumniator or slanderer. 

B,\ck'bTt-ing, 77. Secret detraction or slander. 

Back'bone, 77. The bone of the back ; the spine. 

Back' DOOR (-dor), 71. A door behind a building. 

Back-gam'mon, n. A game at tables played by 
two persons with box and dice. 

B.\ck'gr6und, 77. The part behind; opposed to 
front ; ground in the rear ; obscurity. 

B '\CK'n6usE, 7i. A building behind a house, 

Back'piece, 71. Armor to cover the back. 

B\ck'r66m, 7J. a room behind or in the rear. 

B ACK'siDE, n. The hinder i)art of a thing ; rear. 

*Back-slTde' (HI) fbak-slld', W. E. F. Ja. Sin. 
Wh. : oak'slld, S. P.), v. n. To fall off; to re- 
lapse ; to apostatize. 

•Back sliu'er, 7t. An apostate. 

Back'staff, 71. A kind of quadrant. 

Back stair§, n. pi. Stairs private or in the rear. 

BACK'STAY^,7(.pi. Ropes to support a slii|)'s iiia-ts. 

BACK'sTONE,7i. A stone on which cakes are liaked. 

Back'sword (bak'.sord), 71. A sword with one 
sharp edge : — a rustic sword-stick. 

Back'ward, a. Unwilling ; sluggish ; dull ; late. 

Back'vvard, >ad. With the back forwards ; to- 

BAck'waru^, ( wards the back or the past. 

B.Xck'ward-ives.'3, n. State of being backward; 
dulness ; tardiness. 

Back'woou^-man (bak'wudz-man), 77. An in- 
liabilant of a newly-settled country. [ U. S.] 

Ba'con (ba'kn), 71. Hog's flesh salted and dried. 

Bac'i.;-lite,7(. (Conch.) A many-chambered shell. 

Bad, a. Ill ; not good ; evil ; vicious ; hurtful. 

Bade (bad) [bad, S. fV. J. F. K. Sm. R. ; bad, E.]. 
Imperfect tense from bid. See Bid. 

Badge, 77. A mark of distinction ; token ; sign. 

Bad'^9 er, 7i. A quadruped : — a dealer : — a porter. 

Bad'^er, 73.71. To confound ; to tease ; to vex. 

BA-DlCjf'EQN [ba-dij'un, K. Sm.], n. {Arch.) A 
mixture, as of plaster and freestone, to fill little 
holes in sculpture: — a preparation for coloring 

Bad' i-NA(iE' (bad'e-nazh'), 77. [Fr.] Light or 
playful discourse ; raillery ; foolish talk. 

Bad'ly, ad. In a bad manner ; not well. 

B ad'ness, n. Want of good qualities. 

BAF'FLE,u.a. Toeliide; to confound ; to frustrate. 

Baf'tas, 7i. An Indian cloth or muslin. 

Bag, 7i. A sack : — a pouch ; a purse : — an udder. 

Bag v. a. To put into a bag ; to swell. 

Bag, v. 77. To swell like a full bag. 

BACf-A-TELLE' (bag-9-tel'), 77. [Fr.] A trifle ; 
a toy : — a game |)layed on a board. 

B.AG'GA(^E, 77. The luggage of an army, &c. ; 
goods that are to be carried away ; luggage : — a 
worthless woman. 

Bagn'i5 (ban'yo), 71. [bagno. It.] ; pi. BaGN'i6§. 
A bathing-house : — a brothel. 

Bag'pipe, 77. A musical wind-instrument. 

Bag'pip-er, 7!. One who plays on a bagpipe. 

Ba-guette' (hn-^et'),7i. [Fr.] (Arch.) A little 
round moulding, less than an astragal. 

Bail, n. (Law.) Surety given for another's ap- 
pearance in court : — the person wlio gives security. 

Bail, v. a. To release by bail ; to admit to bail. 

Bail'a-ble, a. Capable of being bailed. 

Bail'-Bond, 77. (Law.) A bond given for ai>- 
pearance in court. 

BAlL-ijf:', n. (Laic.) A person to whom goods are 
bailed or delivered. 

Bai'liff (ba'lJO, 77. A subordinate officer in Eng- 
land, appointed by a sheriff: —a steward. 

Bail'1-wIck, 7(. The jurisdiction of a bailifT. 

Bail'lie, 77. (Scotland) An alderman. 

Bail'ment, 7i. (Law.) A delivery of goods intrust. 

Bail'or, 7!. (Law.) One who bails goods. 

Bail'-Piece, 77. (Law.) A slip of paper or parch- 
ment containing a recognizance of bail. 

Bairn (birn) or Barn, 77. A child. [Scottish.] 

Bait, v. a. To put meat upon a hook: — to give 
refreshment on a journey : — to attack or harass. 

Bait, v. n. To take refreshment: — to flutter. 

Bait, 77. A lure ; a temptation : — a refreshment. 

Baize, 71. A kind of coarse, open woollen stuff. 

Bake, 7'. a. To dry and harden by heat or lire ; to 
cook or dress food in an oven. 

Bake, v. n. To do the work of baking ; to be 
heated or baked : — to become hard. 

Bake'hoOse, 77. A place for baking bread. 

Bak'er, n. One who bakes bread, &:c. 

Bak'er-y. 7( A house for baking ; a bakehouse. 

Bal'ance, n. One of the six simple powers in 
mechanics : — a machine for weighing substances ; 

A,E,l,O^V,\, long; X,£, 1,6, 0, \', short; A, E, 1,0, U, V, i/AiCH?-e.— FAKE, FAR, FAST, ALL; IIEIR.llEBi 




a pair of scales : — tlie difference of an account : — 
equilibrium ; equipoise : — the sign Libra in tlie 

BXi^'ANCE, V. a. To weigh in a balance ; to regu- 
late ; to counterpoise : — to make equal. 

Bal'ance, t). ?i. To hesitate; to fluctuate. 

Bal'co-nv "»• Bal-co'ny [bal-ko'ne, S. IV. P. J. 
E. F.) bRl-ko'neorbal'ko-ne, Jfl. R. C. ; bal'ko-ne, 
K. Sni. WT).], n. A frame of iron, wood, or stone, 
before a window, or on the o'ltside of a house. 

Bald, a. Wanting hair; wanting covering; un- 
adorned ; inelegant ; mean ; naked. 

Bal'der-dash, n. A rude mixture : — jargon. 

Bald'ness, n. The state of being bald. 

Bald'pate, n. A head destitute of hair. 

Bald'rick, 71. A girdle ; a belt : — the zodiac. 

Bale, n. A bundle or package of goods : — misery. 

Bale, v. a. To lade out : — to pack or bundle up. 

Bale'ful, a. Full of misery, sorrow, or mischief. 

BaL'is-TER ibal'is-ter, Jo. K. R.; bri-lis' ter, Sm.], 
n. A crossiww. See Ballisteb. 

Ba-LIZE', n. [balise, Fr.] A sea-mark ; beacon. 

BAlk (boiwk), n. A gre it Deam ; drawn timber : 

— disappointment. 

Balk (bawk), o. a. To disappoint : — to heap. 

Balk'er (biwk'er), n. One who balks. 

Ball, n. A round body ; a globe; a bullet : — an 
entertainment of dancing. 

Bal'lad, n. A song ; a small, light poem. 

Bal'last, n. Heavy matter placed at the bottom 
of a ship or vessel to keep it steady. 

Bal'last, v. a. To make or keep steady. 

Bal'let, n. [Fr.J A kind of mimic dance. 

BAL-Lls'TAj-a. [L.] An ancient warlike machine 
for throwing heavy stones, &;c. 

Bal'lis-ter [bal'is-ter, J. K. C. ; bfi-lis'ter, Sm.], 
V. [ballista, L.J An ancient warlike engine : — a 

Bal-lis'tic, a. Relating to missile engines. 

3al-l66n', n. A large round vessel used in chem- 
istry : — a ball placed on a pillar : — a large hol- 
low ball of silk, &c., filled with gas, which makes 
it ascend, and sail or pass in the air. 

Bal'lqt, 71. A ball or ticket used in giving votes : 

— a secret mode of voting at elections : — a vote. 
Bal'lqt, v. n. To vote or choose by ballot. 
Bal'lqt-Box, n. A box used in balloting. 
Balm (bim), n. A fragrant ointment ; a plant. 
Balm' y (blm'e), a. Having the qualities of balm ; 

sootliing ; fragrant ; odoriferous ; mitigating. 

BXl'ne-al, a. Belonging to a bath. 

fBAL'NE-A-RY, 71. A bathing-room ; a bath. 

ISXl'q-tade, K. [Fr.] A peculiar leap of a horse. 

Bal'sam, 71. A resinous substa?ice : — a shrub. 

Bal-sam'ic, ) a. Partaking, or having the 

Bal-sXm'1-c'AL, \ qualities, of balsam. 

BAL'sA-MiNE,?t, (Bot.) A genus (if plants ; touch- 

Bal'us-ter, 71. <^j3rch.) A small column or pilas- 
ter, for supporting a rail to a flight of stairs, or on 
the front of a gallery : — corruptly written banister. 

Bal'us-trade, 7(. A row or range of balusters. 

Bam-b66', 7i. ; j)l. bam-b66§'. A largo kind of 
reed ; an Asiatic plant of the reed kind. 

Bam-BOO'zi^e, u. a. To deceive. [j3 /ow worrf.] 

BXn, n. Public notice : — a curse ; interdiction. 

Ba-NA'NA or BA-Na'NA [bri-na'na, S. IV. J. E. F. 
Sm. C. ; ba-ni'na, P. Ja. K. fVb.], n. A species 
of West Indian plantain, — a plant and its fruit, 
valued for food. 

BXno, n. Something that binds ; a bandage ; a tie : 
a cord : — a fillet ; an ornament worn about the 
neck : — a company ; a crew ; a gang. 

Sijii. — A band of musicians ; a company of play- 
ers, &c. ; a ship's crew ; a ^ang of pickpockets. 

Band, v. a. To unite together ; to unite. 

BXN'D, v. n. To associate ; to unite. 

BXnd'a(/e, 71. A fillet ; a roller for a wound ; band. 

BXn-ijXn'na, a. Noting a kind of spotted silk 
handkerchief: — written also bandana. 

BXnd'box, tu a slight box used for bonnets, &c. 

Ban'de-let, ) 77. (Jlrch.) A flaf moulding or fil- 

BXnd'let, ( let; a band ; amulet. 

BXn'uit, n. ; pi. bXn'dits. An outlaw ; a robber. 

BXN-DtT'Ti (ban dit'te), n. pi. [If.J A company 
of outlaws or robbers. It is commonly used as a 
collective noun ; as, " a fierce banditti." 

Ban'd5g,_7)^ ,\ kind of large dog. 

BAN-D9-L£!iLR', 71. A small case for powder. 

BXjv-d5re', n. A musical instrument ; pandore. 

BXnd'rol, 77. A little flag or streamer. 

Ban'dy, 71. A club for striking a ball : — a play. 

BXn'dv, v. a To beat to and fro ; to exchange ; to 
give and take reciprocally ; to toss about. 

Ban'dy-leg, 77. A crooked leg. 

Ban'dv-legged (-legd), a. Having crooked legs. 

Bane, 77. A deadly poison: — that which destroys 
or ruins ; a pest ; ruin : — a disease in sheep. 

fBANE, V. a. To poison. Shak. 

Bane'fOl, a. Poisonous ; destructive ; noxious. 

Bang, v. a. To beat ; to thump ; to handle roughly. 

Bang, ti. A blow ; a thump : — a plant. 

BXn-Ian' (ban-yan') [ban-yan', S. fV. J. F. Ja. 
Sm. ; ban'ne-an, P.J, ti. A light morning-gown : 
— a Hindoo religious sect: — an Indian fig-tree. 

BXn-ian' (ban-yan'), a. (JVaut.) Noting days in 
which seamen have no meat. 

BXn'ish, v. a. To condenm to leave one's own 
country ; to drive away ; to exile ; to expel. 

St/ti. — Banished to a foreign country ; exiled 
from home ; expelled from college or society. 

Ban'ish-misnt, 77. The act of Ijanishing ; exile. 

BXn'IS-TER, 71. A pilaster. See Baluster. 

Bank, 77. Any steep acclivity rising from a river, 
sea, &c. ; a shoal; any heap piled uj) : — an es- 
tablishment for keeping and issuing money. 

Bank, v. a. To enclose with banks ; to lay up. 

BXnk'-Bill or Bank'-Note, 77. A promissory- 
note issued by a banking company. 

Bank'er, 71. One who keeps a bank. 

Bank'ing, n. The management of banks. 

Banic'rupt, a. Unable to pay ; insolvent. 

BXnk'rijpt, 77. A trader unable to pay his debts, 
and subjected to the law of bankruptcy. 

BXnic'rupt-cy, 77. The state of a bankrupt; in- 
ability to pay all debts ; insolvency. 

Syn. — Act of bankruptcy ; state of insolvency ; 
failure in business. 

BXnk'-Stock, 77. Stock or capital in a bank. 

BXn'ner, 77. A piece of drapery at tlie end of a 
pole ; a military standard or flag ; a streamer. 

Ban'nered (ban'nerd),/). a. Displaying banners. 

Ban'ner-et, 77. A knight made in the field of 

BXn'ner-ol, n. A little flag ; a bandrol. 

Ban'nock, 77. A cake made of barley -meal. 

Bann§, n. pi. The proclamation in a church of an 
intended marriage. 

Ban'quet, n. [Fr.J A grand entertainment of 
eating or dnnking ; a. feast. 

Ban'quet, v. a. To treat with a banquet or feast. 

Ban'quet, «. n. To feast ; to give a feast. 

Ban'quet-ing, 77. The act of feasting. 

BAn-uuette' (bang-ket'), n. [Fr.J {Fortifica- 
tion.) A small bank at the foot of the parapet. 

UXx'siliiii, 77. A kind of Irish fairy. See Benshie. 

Ban'tam, a. Noting a species of small dunghill 
fowl with feathered shanks. 

Ban'ter, v. a. To play upon ; to rally ; to jeer, 

Ban'ter, 77.. Light ridicule ; raillery ; joke. 

BXnt'ling, n. A little child ; an infant. 

BXn-yXn', n. The Indian fig-tree. See Banian. 

UXp'ti^M, 77. A rite of the Christian church 

Bap-ti^'mal, a. Pertaining to baptism. 

BXp'tist, 77. One who baptizes: — one of a re- 
ligious denomination that denies the validity 01 
infant baptism, and practises immersion. 

BXp'Tis-TiiR-v, n. A font or place for baptism. 

BAP-Tis'Tl-CAL, a. Relating to baptism. 

Baptize', v. a. To immerse in water; to ad- 
minister baptism to ; to christen. 

Bap-tIz'er, 77. One who baptizes. 

MlEN, SIRj MOVE, NiJR, SON; bOlL, BUR, ROLE. — f, 9, *, «o/£ ; e, G,C,^,hard ! ^atz- Jfasgz: THIS. 
10 * G 




BSr, m. a !o ig piece of wood or metal : — what is 
laid across .- passage to hinder entrance ; a bolt ; 
obstruction ; a gate : — a rock or bank of sand at 
the entrance of a harbor : — a tribunal ; the place 
Ln courts of law where lawyers plead, or where 
criminals stand : — the body of lawyers : — an 
enclosed place in a tavern. — (Mus.) A line or 
space marked otf by a line. 

Bar, v. a. To fasten with a bar ; to hinder ; to 
prevent ; to prohibit : — to shut out ; to exclude. 

Barb, n. Any thing resembling a beard : — a point 
that stands bac-twaid in an arrow or fish-hook : — 
armor for horses •, — a Barbary horse. 

Barb, D. a. To furnish horses with armor; to jag. 

Bar'ba-can, n. A fortification before the walls 
of a town : — a fortress at the end of a bridge : — 
an opening in a wall for guns : — written also 

Bar-ba'ri-an, n. A rude or uncivilized person. 

Bar-ba'ri-an, a. Uncivilized ; savage. 

Bar-bXk'ic, a. Foreign ; uncivilized ; barbarous. 

Bar'ea-ri^M, n. Inhumanity ; ignorance of arts ; 
brutality ; cruelty : — an impropriety of speech. 
See Solecism. 

Bar-Bar'i-ty, n. Savageness ; cruelty ; barbarism. 

Bar'bar-Ize, v. a. To render barbarous. 

Bar'bar-Ize, v. n. '. o commit a barbarism. 

BAR'BAR-Otjs, a. Rude; uncivilized; cruel; in- 
human : — contrary to good use in language. 

Bar'bar-ous-ness, n. State of being barbarous, 

Bar'bate, a. (Bot.) Having hairs ; bearded. 

Bar'BAT-ed, p. a. Jagged with points ; bearded. 

Bar'be-cOe, ji. A hog or ox dressed whole. 

Bar'be-c JE, V. a. To dress a hog or ox whole. 

Barb'ed (b'.ir'bed or barbd), p. a. Having barbs. 

Bar'bel (bir'bi), 71. A river fish: — superfluous 
fleshy knots in the mouth of a horse. 

Bar'ber, n. One whose trade it is to shave. 

Bar'ber-ry, 7!. A shrub and its acid fruit. 

Qar'bet, n. A species of dog : — a small worm. 

Bar'BI-caN, n. A watchtowcr. See Barbacan. 

Bard, n. A poet ; a minstrel ; a Celtic minstrel. 

Bard'ic, a. Relating to bards or poets. 

Bard'ling, n. An inferior bard. 

Bare, a. Naked ; wanting clothes ; uncovered : — 
unadorned ; poor ; indigent ; scanty ; mere 

Syn. — Bare ground ; bare feet ; naked iiolds ; 
uncovered plants ; bare recital ; unadorned narra- 
tive ; foor accommodations ; indigent circum- 
stances ; scanty supply ; mere attendance. 

Bare, v. a. To strip ; to uncover. 

Bare'faced (bir'fast), a. Shameless; impudent. 

Bare'faced-ly (bir'fast-le), ad. Impudently. 

Bare'faced-ness (bir'fiist-nes), n. Eflrontory. 

Bare'foot (bir'fut), a. Having no shoes on. 

UaRE'foot (bAr'fut), ad. Without shoes. 

Bare'head-ed (bir'hed-ed), a. With the head 
bare ; uncovered out of respect. [ly. 

Bare'ly, ad. Nakedly ; without decoration ; more- 

Bare'ness, n. State of being bare ; nakedness. 

Bar'&ain (bar'gin), v. A contract ; a verbal 
agreement ; the thing bought or sold ; stipulation. 

Bar'gain (bar'^in), v. n. To make a contract. 

BAR-GAJN-Ei;', n. One who accepts a bargain. 

Bar'gain-er, h. One who makes a bargain. 

Bar-Gain-oe', n. (Law.) One who sells to an- 
other, called the bargainee. 

BaR(^e, n. A boat for pleasure or for burden. 

BXr^^e'man, 71. The manager of a barge. 

BaR(^e'mAs-ter, n. The owner of a barge. 

Ba-ril'la, 71. A plant from the ashes of which 
alkali is obtained : — impure carbonate of soda. 

Ba'rj-Om, 71. (Ckem.) The metallic base of baryta. 

Bark, n. Tlie rind of a tree : — a small ship. 

Bark, v. a. To strip trees of their bark. 

b'ARK, V. n. To make the noise of a dojj. 

Bark'ing, n. Noise or act of one that harks. 

Bar'ley (bir'le), n. Grain used in rnakinj; beer. 

Bar'ley-brake, 71,. A rural play or game. 

Bar'ley-corn (har'le-kbrn), n. A grain of bar- 
ley : — the third part of an inch. 

Bar'LEY-Wa'ter, 71. A decoction of barley. 

Barm, n. Yeast used to make drink ferment : -^ 
yeast collected on the surface of fermenting beer. 

BaR'my, a. Containing barm. 

Barn, t?. A storehouse for hay, corn, &c. 

Bar'na-cle, n. A shell-fish that grows upon 
timber lying in water : — a kind of goose. — PL 
An instrument for holding a horse by the nose. 

Ba-r6m'e-ter, m. An instrument to measuEo the 
weight of, and variations in, the atmosphere. 

Bar-q-MET'ri-cal, a. Relating to a barometer. 

Bar'on, n. The lowest rank of nobility in Eng. 
land, next below a viscount. — {Law.) A hus, 
band, as opposed to feme. — Baron uf beef, tvf o sur- 
loins joined together by the end of the b?.ckbone. 

Bar'on-A9^e, n. The dignity or estate of a baron. 

Bar'on-ess, n. A bar m's wife or lady. 

Bar'o-net, 7(. The next title below a baron, and 
the lowest degree of honor that is hereditary in 

Bar'p-net-A9^E, n. The state or body of baronets.- 

Bar'Q-net-cy, n. Rank or state of a baronet. 

Ba-ro'ni-al, a. Relating to a baron or barony. 

Bar'o-ny, n. The lordship or fee of a baron. 

Bar'p-scope, n. A sort of barometer. 

Bar-o-sel'e-nite, 7!. (Min.) Sulphate of baryta.- 

BA-R6U9HE' (ba-rosh'), 7i. A four-wheeled, open 
carriage ; a coach without a roof. 

Bar'ra-can, n. A strong, thick kind of camlet. 

Bar'rack, n. A large building to lodge soldiers 
in : — a hut. 

Bar-ra-c66n', 71. An African fort or pen; a 
place for keeping slaves. 

Bar'ra-tor, n. (Law.) An encourager of law^ 

BAr'ra-TRY, n. (Law.) Foul practice in law : — 
fraud or crime committed by a shipmaster or mar. 
iners, by which owners or insurers are defrauded. 

Bar'rel, 77. A round wooden vessel or cask: — " 
measure : — any thing hollow ; a cylinder. 

Bar'rel, v. a. To put any thing into a barrel. 

Bar' REN, a. Not prolific; unfruitful; sterile: — noy 
copious ; unmeaning ; uninventive ; dull. 

Bar'ren, 77. An unfertile tract of land. [ U. S.] 

Bar'ren-ness, 71. State of being barren ; sterility 

Bar-RI-cade', 71. A fortification made of trees, 
earth, &c., to keep off an attack: — an obstruc- 
tion formed in the streets, so as to block them up. 

Bar-RI-cade', v. a. To fortify ; to stop up. 

Bar-RI-ca'd6, 77. & V. Same as barricade. 

Bar'ri-er (bar're-er) [bar're-er, W. P. J. F. Ja. 
K. Sm. ! b-ir'yer, S. E.],n. A boundary; a de- 
fence ; a fortress ; a stop ; a bar. 

C'AR'RlNG-orT, n. Act of excluding or shutting 
out from a place : — a boyish sport. 

BXr'ris-ter, 77. A counsellor at law, admitted to 
plead at the bar ; an advocate ; lawyer. 

CAr'row, 77. A small hand-carriage: — a hillock 
or mound of earth : — a castrated hog. 

Bar'shot, 77. Two half-bullets joined ].y a bar. 

Bar'ter, v. n. To traffic by exchanging goods. 

Bar'ter, 7j. a. To give in exchange. 

Bar'ter, n. Traffic by exchanging commodi- 
ties : — a rule of arithmetic. 

Bar'ter-er, 77. One who barters. 

tBAR'TER-Y,77. Exchange of commodities ; barter, 

Bar'ton (bar'tn), 77. Lands of a manor; a manor, 

Bar'tram, 77. The pellitorj',' a plant. 

Ba-ry'ta [ba-rl'ta, K. Sm. R. ; bar'e-ta, TVh.], n. 
(Min.) A ponderous earth ; an oxide of barium. 

Ba-1 y'TE§, n. (jMiti.) A ponderous earth ; baryta. 

Ba-r t'[c, a. Relating to baryta. 

BXr'y-tone, a. Noting a grave accent. 

BAr'y-t6ne,77. a male voice hi;;herthan bass : — 
a GreeK verb not accented on the last syllable. 

BX'zLZ., a. Relating to the base or bottom. 

Basalt', n. (Min.) A grayish-black stone or 

Ba-sa1,'te$, V. .nnrr. &: pi. [L.] (Min.) Basalt. 

Ba-sal'tic [ba-sSll'tik, Ja. Sm. R. C. ; bfi-sal'tik, 
K. ; bsi-zol'tik, IVb.], a. Relating to or like basalt. 

,I,0,V,'i,long; i, £,1, 6, tj, $,s/tort; A, E, I, (?,\J,Y, obscure — fAre, FAR, fAst.alLj HfilR, hERj 




15X»ci-nEt, n. A basin-shaped helmet. 
Base, n The nrttoiii or fuimdatioji of anything: 
the pedestal of a statue ; basis: — a rustic play. 

— (C/iem.) An injiredient of a compound, as of 
alkalies, earths, and metals, in their relation to 
acids and salts. 

Base, a. Mean; vile; dishonorable; disj;raceful : 
low : — illegitimate : — having little value, as met- 
als : — deep ; grave, as sound , bass. See Bass. 

Sijn. — Baie ingratitude ; 7«cun compliances ; vile 
flattery ; dishonvrable conduct ; disg-racefiil pro- 
ceeding ; low in birth. 

Base, v. a. To lay the base of; to found. 

Base'-born, a. Born out of wedlock ; vile. 

Base'less, a. Without a base or toundation. 

Base'lv, ad. In a base or unworthy manner. 

Base'ment, n. An extended base, or ground-floor. 

Base 'NESS, 7!. Meanness; vileness. 

bX^'E-NET, n A helmet. See Bascinet. 

Base'-VI'PL, n. See Bass-Viol. 

]5a-shavv', 11. A Turkish governor or viceroy; a 
pacha. See Pacha. 

Bash'fOl, a. Modest; shamefaced; shy; coy. 

Pasii'fOl-ly, ad. In a bashful manner ; shyly. 

BXsii'ful-ness, ?!. Modesty; rustic shame. 

Ba'si-fv, v. a. {Cliem.) To convert into a salifiable 

Ba^'il, h. The angle of a joiner's tool. 

Ba^'Jl, v. <u To grind the edge of a tool to an angle. 

Ba-sii.'1-ca, 11. Tlie middle vein of the arm: — 
a regal or large hall : — a magnificent church. 

Ba-^il'ic, ') a. Belonging to a basilica or ba- 

Ba-^il i-cal, \ silicon. 

BA-§iL,'i-c6N, n. An ointment. 

BA^'i-LiSK, n. A fabulous serpent : — a species of 
cannon. — {Zool.) A saurian reptile. 

Ba'sin (ba'sn), ?(. A small vessel to hold water: 

— a small pond : — any hollow place : — a dock. 
Ba'sIS, 11. ; pi. Ba'SE^. T\\e foundation ; base ; that 

on which any thing is raised : — the pedestal. 
Bask ( 12), v. a. To warm by exposing to the sun 

or heat. 
Bask, v. n. To lie in the sun or warmth. 
BAs'ket, n. A vessel made of twigs, rushes, &c. 
Bas'ket-Hi'lt, 11. A hilt which covers tlie hand. 
Bass, n. A sea fish : — a tree : — (has) a mat. 
Bass,?!. {Mus.) The lowest part of harmony. 
Bass, a. {Mas.) Low ; deep ; grave. See Base. 
Bas'set, ?(. [bassette, Fr.] A game at cards. — 

(Oeol.) The outcrop of strata. 
Bas-s66n', n. A musical wind-instrument. 
Bas' Sp-Rl-LIK' v6, [It.] See Bass-Relief. 
Bass-Re-lief', n. Sculpture, the figures of which 

do not stand lar out from the ground. 
Bass'- Vl'QL, 71. A musical instrument ; violoncello. 
Bas'tard (12), n. A child bom out of wedlock. 
BAs'tard, a. Illegitimate; spurious; base. 
BSs'TARD-iZE, V. a. To prove to be a bastard. 
Bas'tar-dy, v. The state of being a bastard. 
Baste, v. a. To beat with a stick : — to drip butter 

or gravy upon meat : — to sew sliglitly. 
Bas-tTle' [bas-tel', K. Sm.; bis'tel, fV. R.], n. 

Formerly a state prison in Paris. 
Bas-ti-nade', n. & V. Same as bastinado. 
Bas-ti-na'do, n. The act of beating on the soles 

of the feet with a cudgel ; a flagellatiim. 
Bas-ti-na'do, v. a. To treat with the bastinado. 
Bast'ing, n. Act of beating : — a dripping. 
6ast'ip\ (bast'yun), n. A huge mass of earth 

or masonry, standing out from a rampart ; a bul- 
wark. See Fortification. 
BXt, n. A heavy stick ; a club : — a small animal, 

having the body of a mouse and wings of a hird. 
Batch, 11. The quantity cf breAj baked at once ; 

the quantity of any thing made at onco ; a lot. 
Bate, «. a. To lessen ; to lower a price ; to abate. 
Bateau' (bat-o'), n.; pi. uat-eaux' (bat-6z'). 

JFr.J A long, light boat. 
B^t'fo\\l-ins,7!. Bird-catching in the night-time. 
BATH (97) [bath, W. P. .). F. Jii. K. Sm. : bath, R. 

C], 7«. i pi. BATIl:^. A place to batlie in ; act of 

bathing: — a Hebrew measure of seven gallotijt 
and a half. 

Bathe, v. a. To wash in a bath ; to soften. 

Bathe, v. n. To lave one's body in water. 

Bath'ing-Tub, n. A vessel for bathing. 

Ba'thos, It. [Gr.] A ludicrous descent from ele- 
vated to mean thoughts ; anticlimax. 

Bat'ing, prfp. Excepting ; except. 

BXt'Let, ji. A piece of wood for beating linen. 

Ba-to6n', n. [baton, Fr.j A club; a staff: — a 
field-marshal's staff. 

Bat-tal'ia (bat-tal'ya), n. The order of battle. 

Bat-tal'ion (bat-tal'yun), Ji. [bataillon, Ft.] A 
division of the infantry in an army, variable in 
number from 500 to 1,000 men ; a troop ; a body 
of forces. 

Bat'tel (bat'tl), t). ?!. To grow fat: — to stand 
indebted in the college-books, at Oxford, Eng. 

BSt'tel (bat'tl),7(. A student's account. [Eng.l 

fBAT'TE.N (bat'tn), v. To fatten ; to grow tat. 

Bat'ter, v. a. To beat down: — to wear out; 
to dull. 

Bat'ter, 77. A mixture of ingredients ; dough. 

Bat'ter-ing-Ram,?!. An ancient military engine. 

Bat'ter-y, 71. A raised work upon which cannons 
are mounted. — {Law.) A violent assault upon a 
man's person. 

Bat'ting, 71. Cotton or wool for quilting. 

Bat'tle, n. A hostile encounter between two 
armies or fleets; a fight; a combat; an engage- 

Sijn. — Fia-ht and engafrement do not necessarily 
imply the use of weapons, as do battle and combat. 
A bloody battle ; a general engagement ; a single 
combat; a.figltt between two dogs or two armies. 

Bat'tle, v. n. To contend in battle. 

Bat'tle-Ar-ray', 7f. Order of battle. 

Bat'tle-axe, n. A weapon of war, like an axe. 

Bat'tle-door (bat'tl-dor), n. An instrument 
with a flat board, used to strike a shuttlecock. 

Bat'tle-ment, 7). A wall or parapet with em- 
brasures or interstices ; a breastwork. 

Bat-t6l'p-(^y, 77. A tiresome repetition of words. 

BATZ,n. [Ger.] A small German copper coin. 

Bau-bee', 11. A Scotch half-penny. 

Baulk, 77. & v. See Balk. 

Bav'in. a. A fagot ; a stick ; waste wood. 

Baw'ble, 77. A gewgaw ; a trinket ; a trifle. 

Bawd, 77. A procurer or procuress ; a pimp. 

Baw'di-ly, ad. Obscenely ; filthily. 

Baw'di-ness, 77. Obscenity or lewdness. 

Baw'drick, 77. A belt. See Baldrick. 

Eaw'drv, 77. Practice of bawds ; obscenity. 

Baw'dv, a. Filthy ; obscene : unchaste. 

Bavv''dy-House, 77. A house of j)rostitution. 

Bawl, v. n. To hoot ; to shout ; to cry aloud. 

Bawl, v. a. To proclaim as a crier. 

Bay, a. Inclining to a chestnut color ; reddish. 

Bay, 77. An arm of the sea ; a gulf: — the laurel- 
tree : — the state of being kept off. 

Bay, 7). 77. To bark as a dog. — v. a. To bark at. 

ISav'ard, 77. [bayart, old Fr.J A bay horse. 

I!AV'BER-Ry,77. A shrub that bears an oily berry. 

Bav'p-Net, 71. A short dagger fixed to a musket. 

Bay'p-net, o. a. To stab with a bayonet. 

Ba you (bl'6), 77. [boyau, Fr.] A narrow inlet or 

Bay'-Salt, 77. Salt made of sea-water. 

Ba-z AAR' (bfi-z'ir'), 77. An Eastern market ; a 
market-place : — a collection of retail shops. 

BnfiLL'lUivi (del'yum), 77. An aromatic gum. 

Bis, 7). 77. [7. WAS ; pp. BEING, BEEN.] To have 
some certain state; to exist.-- It is used as an 
auxiliary in conjugating other verbs, by means of 
which the passive voice is formed. 

Beach (bech), 77. The sea-shore ; the strand. 

Bla'con (bC-'kn),?7. Something raised on an emi- 
nence for iziving notice to navigators ; a lighthouse. 

BiIa'con (bC'kn), v. a. To afford light ; to light n)). 

BEA'coN-A(,f E (bG'kn-aj), n. Money paid for main- 
taining beacons. 

EN,sYR; move, nor, SON; BULL, BUR, RflLE.— 9, 9, *, sr/t ,■ e, fi,v,%,hard; ij as 7. ; Tf. fli gz : THIS. 




Bead (b3d), n. One of many liitlo balls strung 
upon a thread, used for necklaces or rosaries. — 
(Arch.) A round inoulding in imitation of beads. 

Bea'dle (bS'dl), 71,. All inferior officer of a court, 
public body, or parish : a messenger ; a crier. 

BEadle-rv, n. Tlie office of a beadle. 

BisA'DLE-siliP, n. The office of a beadle. 

BEad'roll, II. A list of persons to be prayed for. 

Bead^'man, n. A man employed to pray. 

Bead^'wom an (b5dz'wum-an), n. A woman 
who prays for another. 

Bca «le (liG'gl), n. A small hound to hunt hares. 

Blak, n. The bill of a bird : — a thing pointed. 

Beak'ed (be'ked or bEkt), a. Having a beak. 

Beaker (be'ker), n. A drinking-cup or vessel. 

Bi^AM (beni), 71. The main horizontal piece of tim- 
ber that supports a building: — a part of a bal- 
ance : — pole of a chariot : — a collection of par- 
allel rays of light ; gleam .- — a stag's horn. 

BEAM, V. n. To shine forth' ; to emit rays. 

Beam'y, a. Radiant; shining: — having horns. 

Bean, n. A garden vegetable ; a kind of pulse. 

Bean'fly, n. A beautiful bluish-black fly. 

Bear (bAr), 71. a. [i. bore (rBARc) ; pp. bearing, 
BORNE.] To carry ; to convey , to transport : — to 
support : to endure ; to suffer. 

Sijn. — Bear a burden ; t-.arry a load : — coiireyed 
in a carriage ; transported in a ship. ^ Bear afflic- 
tion ; support a burden ; endure suflfering ; suffer 

Bear (bir), v. n. \l. bore ; pp. bearing, borne.] 
To suffer ; to enaure ; to be patient : — to be fruit- 
ful or prolific : — to press. 

Bear (bir), v. a. [/. bore (fPARE) ; pp. bearing, 
BORN or BORNE.] To briiig forth, as a child. 

Bear (bir), n. A rough, savage animal. — {Astron.) 
The name of two constellations, called l\\e greater 
and lenser bear ; in the tail of tlie lesser bear is the 

Bear'a-ble, a. That may be borne ; tolerable. 

Bear'-Bait-ing, n. Actof Oaiting bears with dogs. 

Bear'ber-ry, n. A plant bearing a red berry. 

*Beard (herd) [bOrd, W. P.J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. R. 
C. ; berd, S. fVb. ; bird, IVm. Johnston], n. The 
hair that grows on the lips and chin : — a barb on 
an arrow or hook. 

*Bi:ARD (herd), v. a. To take or pluck by the 
beard : — to oppose to the face. 

*Beard'ed (berd'ed), a. Having a beard. 

*Bearu'less, a. Without a beard ; youthful. 

Beak'er (bir'er), n. A carrier , a supporter. 

Bear'-Gar-den, 71. A place for keeping bears. 

Bear'herd, 71. One who tends bears. 

Bear iivt; (bAr'jng). n. The i)osition of one place 
from another : — gesture ; mien. 

Bear'isii, a. Having the finality of a bear. 

Bear'§'-Foot (birz'fut), ?i. A" kind of hellebore. 

Bear'waru (bir'ward), n. A keeper of bears. 

Beast, n. An irrational animal , a lirute. 

Beast'iivg§, 7i. p/. See Biestings. 

Beast'li-ness, n. Brutality. 

Beast'ly, a. Like a beast ; brutal. 

Beat (bGt), 7'. a. [1. beat ; pp. beating, beaten 
or BEAT.] To strike; to bruise: — to tread a path : 
— to conquer ; to vanquish ; to surpass. 

Beat, 7). 7(. To move in a pulsatory manner; te 
dash as a flood or storm : — to throb. 

Beat, n. A stroke ; a pulsation ; act of striking. 

Beat'en (b5'tn),p. From Beat. See Beat. 

Be-a-tif'ic, ) a. Affi)rding heavenly bliss; 

Be-a-tif'!-cal, \ very happy; blissful. 

Be-at-i-fi-ca'tion, ?(. Act of beatifying: — an 
act of the pope, pronouncing a deceased person 
beatified m heaven. [heaven. 

B^-at'i-fy, v. a. To bless ; to make happy in 

Beat'ing,™. Act of striking : — correction. 

Be-Xt'I-TUDE, «. Blessedness ; perfect happiness. 

Beau (bo), 71. ; pi. BEAUX (boz). TFr.] A man of 
dress ; a fop ; a coxc(unb : — a gallant ; a lover. 

i?eait i-f/c'aZ (bo-i-de'al), [Fr.] Consummate beauty 
created by fancy : — ideal excellence. 

Beau'isii (bo'jsh), a. Like a beau ; foppish. 

Beav-Munde' {hb-monA'),n. [Fr.] The gay or 
fashionable world. 

•*Beau'te-oi"is [bu'te-us, P. J. Ja. R. C. ; bu'tyus, 
E. F. K. ; bu'chus, S. ; bCi'che-us, W. ; bu'te-us 
(ir but'yus. Sin.], a. Fair ; beautiful. 

*BEALi'TE-_oi;s-NESS (bQ'te-us-ness), n. Beauty. 

Beai)'ti-fi-er, 7i. That which beautifies. 

BeaiI'ti-fOl (bu'te-ful), a. Having beauty ; fair; 
liandsome ; fine ; pretty ; graceful. 

Syn. — Beautiful is the strongest and most com- 
prehensive of these epithets. A beautiful woman ; 
beautiful scenery ; a handsome man ; a handsome 
building ; a.fine lady ; a/aj'rskin; a^«e prospect j 
n pretty child ; graceful manner. 

BeaO'ti-fOl-lv, ad. In a beautiful manner. 

BeaiI'ti-fy, v. a. To adorn ; to embellish. 

BeaO'tI-fy, v. n. To grow beautiful. 

BeaO'ti-fy-ing, 71. Act of rendering beautiful. 

BeaiTtv (bu'te), 77. That assemblage of graces, 
or proportion of parts, which pleases the senses, 
especially the eye or the ear ; a particular grace : 
— a beautiful person. 

Beau'ty-Spot, 77. A patch ; a foil. 

Beaux-Espjiits (b6z'es-pt5'), [Fr.] Men 
of wit. 

Bea'ver (be'ver), ?j. An amphibious quadruped, 
valued for fur : — the fur of the beaver : — a hat. 

Bec-a-fi' co,n. [Sp.] A bird, the fig-eater. 

Be-calm' (be-k'4m'), v. a. To still ; to quiet ; to 
calm : — to keep from motion, as a ship. 

Be-calm'ing (be-kam'ing), n. Act of quieting. 

Be-came', 7. From BecoTne. See Become. 

Be-cau§e' (be-kawz'), conj. For this reason that; 
on this account that ; for this cause that ; for. 

Be-chance', v. n. To befall ; to hapjien. 

Be-charm', •». a. To captivate ; to charm. 

FSiiCK, V. n. To make a sign with the head. 

BiiCK, V. a. To call by a motion of the head. 

Beck, 71. A sign with the head ; a nod. 

BiicK'oN (bek'kn), v.n. To make a sign ; to beck. 

Beck'on (bek'kn), v. a. To make a sign to. 

BiJCK'ON, 71. A sign without words ; a beck ; nod. 

BE-cl,.buD', ». a. To dim ; tt ibscure ; to cloud. 

Be-c6me (be-klim'), v. n. [i. bj„came ; pp. becom- 
ing, BECOME.] To enter into some state ; to be. 

Be-come', v. a. To add grace to ; to befit ; to suit. 

Be-c6m'ing, a. Graceful ; suitable ; comely ; fit ; 
proper ; meet. 

Syn. — Becoming dress or manner ; graceful at- 
titude ; suitable furniture ; Jit for the season ; prop- 
er or meet for the occasion. 

BE-coM'mG-LY, ad. In a becoming manner. 

Be-c6m'ing-ness, n. Decency ; propriety. 

Be-crip'ple, 7;. a. To make lame ; to cripple. 

Be d, 77. Something to sleep on ; a couch : — a bank 
of earth raised in a garden : — the channel of a 
river, or any hollow : — a vein of ore ; a layer ; a 

Bed, v. a. To place in bed : — to sow or plant in 
earth : — to lay in order ; to stratify. — 71. 7(. To lie. 

Be-dAb'ble, v. a. To wet ; to besprinkle. 

Be-dXg'GLE, v. a. To beniire ; to bedraggle. 

Be-dXsh', v. a. To bemire ; to bespatter ; to dash. 

Be-daub', v. a. To smear ; to daub over. 

Be-dXz'zle, v. a. To make dim by great lustre. 

BiiiD'BOG, n. A fetid insect that infests beds. 

Bed'cham-ber, 77. A chamber for a bed. 

BiJD'CLOTHE^, 71. pi. Coverlets or clothes for a 
bed. See Clothes. 

Bed'ding, 77. The materials of a bed. 

Be-dEck', 7). a. To deck ; to ornament. 

BEDE'HOt)sE, 71. Hospital ; an almshouse. 

Bii'DEL (be'dl), 77. See Beadle. 

Be-dev'il (be-dev'vl), r. a. To throw into disor- 
der : — to abuse ; to corrupt. 

Be-dew (be-du'), v. a. To moisten gently. 

BED'FEL-r^bw, 77. One who lies in the same bed. 

Bed'iiXng-ings, 77. pi. Curtains of a bed. 

Be-dIgiit' (be-dit'), 7'. a. To adorn ; to dress. 

BE-DiM' ,v. a. To make dim ; to darken. 

A, E,I, 6, tj, V,/o77g-; X, E,I, 6,0,5 -short; ;J.,E, I, p, y,Y, ofrscure. ^FARE, FAR, FAST, ALL; h£IR HER; 




BedT'ZEN (be-dl'zn) [be-dl'zn, S. TV. P. F. Ja. 

K. Sm. R. ! be-dJz'zn C. fVb.], v. a. To Uress 

Bed'lam,?!. a hospital for lunatics. 
Bed'lam-ite, n. A madman ; a lunatic. 
Bed'mak-er, n. One who makes beds. 
BEd'mate, 11. A bedfellow. 

Bed'post, 71. The post of a bedstead. [gle. 

Be-drag'gle, v. a. To soil on the dirt ; to bedag- 
Be-drench', v. a. To drench ; to soak. 
BEd'rid, a. Confined to the bed by sickness. 
Bed'rid-den (bed'rid-dn), a. Confined to the bed. 
Bed'rite, n. The privilege of the marriage bed. 
Bed'rooji, n. A room to sleep in. 
Be-dr6p', v. a. To besprinkle. 
Bed'side, n. The side of a bed. 
Bed'stead (bed'sted), n. Tlie frame of a bed. 
Bjjd'tIme, n. The tnne to go to bed or to rest. 
Be-dOck', v. a. To put under water ; to duck. 
BedOng', v. a. To manure with dung. 
Be-dust', v. a. To sprinkle with dust. 
Be-dwArf', v. a. To stunt in growth ; to dwarf. 
Be-dve' ('be-dl'), «• cu To stain ; to dye. 
Bee, n. An insect that makes honey and wax. 
Bee'bread, n. The pollen of flowers used by 

bees in feeding their young. 
Beech, n. A well-known forest-tree. 
Beech'en (be'chn), a. Belonging to the beech. 

bUch'nDt^ |»- The fruit or nut of the beech. 

Beef,«. The fiesh of an ox, bull, or cow: — an ox. 

Beef'eat-er, n. One who eats beef: — a yeo- 
man of the king of England's guard. 

Beef'ste AK, 7i. A slice of beef for broiling. 

Bee'glije, re. Propolis, an unctuous matter. 

Bee'hive, n. A box or case for holding bees. 

Been (bin, 38) [bin, S. fV. J. Sm. C. fVh.j ben, P. 
F. Ja. K. R.], p. From the verb Be. 

Beer, n. A liquor made of malt and hops. 

Beer'-Bar-rel, 71. A barrel which holds beer. 

Beest'ing^, 71. pZ. See Biestings. 

Beet, 77. A garden vegetable. 

Bee'tle, 71. A coleopterous insect, of which there 
are many species : — a heavy wooden mallet. 

Bee'tle, v. n. To jut out ; to hang over. 

Bee'tle-browed (be'tl-browd), a. Having 
prominent brows. 

Bee'tle-he AD-ED (bs'tl-hed-ed), a. Loggerhead- 
ed ; wooden-headed. 

Bee'tle-stock, n. The handle of a beetle. 

Beeve^ (bSvz), n. ; pi, of Beef. Cattle ; oxen. 

Be-FALL', v. a. [i. befell; pp. befalling, be- 
fallen.] To betide ; to happen to; to overtake. 

Be-fall'^ v. n. To happen ; to occur. 

Be-fit', v. a. To suit ; to become ; to fit. 

Be-fit'ting, p. a. Becoming; suitable. 

Be-f66l', v. a. To infatuate ; to make a fool of. 

Be-fore', prep Farther onward ; m the front of; 
in presenc* of; prior to ; superior to. 

Be-fore', ad. Sooner than ; in time past ; previ- 
ously to ; hitherto : — farther onward in place. 

Be-f5re'hXnd, ad. In a state ot anticipation; 
previously \_ antecedently ; at first. 

tBE-FORE'Ti.ME, arf. Formerly; before. 

JBe-fort'lnEjT). a. To betide ; to happen to. Shak. 

Be-foul', v. a. To soil ; to pollute ; to foul. 

Be-friend' (be-frend')j v. a. To favor; to assist. 

Be-frin(^e', v. a. To decorate with fringes. 

Beg, v. n. To live upon alms ; to ask alms. 

BiiG, V. a. To ask humbly and earnestly, as a per- 
son in want ; to crave ; to entreat for. 

BEg or Begii, 77. [Turk.] A bey. See Bev. 

BE-GET', v. a, [(. BEOOT (fllEGAT) ; pp. begettino, 

begotten or begot.] To generate; to procre- 
ate ; to produce. 

Beg'gar, 77. One who lives by begging. 

BiiG'GAR, V. a. To reduce to beggary; to im- 
poverish : — to exhaust. 

BiiG'GAR-Li-NEs.s, 7(. Meanness; poverty. 

BEg'gar-lYjO. Mean; poor; needy. — a(/. Meanly. 

BiiG'GAK-v, 71. Indigence ; great want ; poverty. 

Be-gIlt', p. a. Gilded or gilt. 

Be-gin', v. n. \i. BEGAN ; pp. beginning, BEGurf. 
To enter upon something new ; to commence. 

Be-gIn', v. a. To enter upon ; to commence. 

Syn. — Begin a work ; begin to write ; commenot 
an operation ; enter upon an employment. 

Be-gin'\er, 77. One who begins. 

Be-gin'ning, 71. The first original or cause ; first 
act ; first part ; commencement ; origin .- — the 
rudiments or first grounds. 

Be-giRd', 71. a. \i. BEGIRT or begirded ; pp. be- 
girding, BEGIRT or begirded.] To gird ; to bind 
round ; to surround ; to shut in. 

Beg' LJER-BEG,n. [Turk.] A Turkish governor. 

Be-gnavi'' (be-naw'), v. a. To bite ; to eat away. 

Be-g6ne' (be-gon'), interj. [be gone.] An excla- 
mation commanding to go away ; haste away. 

Be-g6t', I. & p. From Beget. See Beget. 

Be-g6t'ten (be-got'tn), p. From beget. 

Be-grea§e', v. a. To soil or daub with grease. 

Be-grIme', v. a. To soil with soot or dirt. 

Be-grDd^e', v. a. To envy the possession of. 

Be-guIle' (be-|il'), v. a. To impose upon ; to de- 
ceive pleasingly ; to allure ; to amuse. 

BE-GL'N'.p. Fxom Begin. 

Be-half' (be-haf), 77. Favor ; cause favored ; in- 
terest ; account ; sake ; support ; vindication. 

Be-have', v. a. To conduct ; to demean ; to car- 
ry : — used with the reciprocal pronoun as the 
object ; as, " He behaves Aiwi-e// well." 

Be-have', v. n. To act ; to conduct one's self. 

Be-hav'iqr (be-hav'yur), ?i. Manner ol conduct- 
ing one's self; conduct ; deportment ; carriage. — 
{Law.) Oood behattior, conduct authorized by law. 

Be-head' (be-hed'), v. a. To deprive ol the head. 

B]j-HELD', i. & p. From Bilwld. 

Be'he-moth [be'he-moth, IV. P. J. F. Ja. Sm. R. 
C. ; be-he'moth, .Ssh], n. An animal described 
in Job, supposed by some to be the river-horse. 

BE-HEST',7i. Command ; precept. [Usedinpoetru.] 

Be-hind', prep. At the back of ; following an- 
other ; remaining after ; inferior to. 

Be-hind', ad. In the rear; backwards ; back. 

Be-hind'hand, ad. &■ a. In arrears ; backward ; 

BE-HOLD', v. a. [i. beheld ; pp. beholding, be- 
held.] To see, in an emphatical sense ; to ob- 
serve attentiv/ !y ; to look at ; to view. 

Syn. — A person beholds tbat wJiich excites in- 
terest or admiration ; he sres involuntarily ; loohs 
attentively ; observes and views carefully. 

Be-hold', interj. See ; lo ; observe. 

Be-hold'en (be-hold'dn), p. a. Bound in grati- 
tude ; obliged. 

Be-h6ld'er, n. One who beholds or sees. 

Be-hoof', «. Profit; advantai?e , benefit. 

Be-h66v'A-BLE, a. Fit; expedient. 

Be-h66ve', v. a. To be fit for , (o become. 

Be-h6ve, V a. See Behoove. 

Bi2'lNG,p. From fie. Existing. 

BiJ'iNG, 77. Existence; a particular state : — the 
person existing ; a person , any living creature. 

Be-la'bqr, v. a. To beat soundly ; to thump; to 


jBiiL'A-MOUR, ?i. A gallant ; a consort. 

JBiiL'A-MY, 77. A friend ; an intimate. 

Be-late', v. a. 'i'o retard ; to make too late. 

Be-lat'ed, u. Benighted ; too late. 

Be-lay', 7>. a. To block up ; to attack ; to besiege. 
— (Maut.) To fasten or make last, as a rope. 

Belch, v. n. To eject wind from the stomach. 

BiiLCH, ?'. a. To tiirow out from the stomach. 

Belch, 7(. Act of belching ; eructation. 

Bel'dam, 7(. An old woman ; a hag. 

Be-lilag'uer (be-lu'ger), v. a. To besiege ; to 
block up. 

BE-LiiM'NiTE,7i. (^Oeol.) An extinct marine ani- 
mal ; arrowhead. 

Bml-Esi'JUT (bel'es-pre'), n. ; pi. Beavx-Es- 
y/t/rs (boz'es-pre'). [Fr.j A man of wit; a wit. 

BEl'fr Y, V. A tower or place where a belt is hung. 

MIeNjSJR; move, nor, s5nj BOLL,BtJR, rOlE. — 9,9, g, »•«/',■ IS, fi,^,g,h,ard ; ^asz; Jf a^gz; THIS 




Be-li'bel,, v. a. To traduce ; to libel. 

Be-lIe' (be-li'), V. a. To slander; to calumniate. 

Be-lief' (be-lef), n. Act of believing ; thing be- 
lieved ; creed ; faith : — credit ; confidence. 

Syn. — Tr ii-st \n opmion is called belief; in re- 
ligious opinion or divine testimony, faM ; 'in pe- 
cuniary worth, credit ; in moral probity, confi- 
dence : — tile articles of belief, creed. 

Be-liIjv'a-ble, a. That may be believed. 

BE-LliivE' (be-l5v'), v. a. To exercise belief in ; 
to credit ; to trust ; to tliink true. 

BE-LliiVE', V. n. To have belief; to exercise faith. 

BE-Lliiv'ER, n. One wlio believes. 

Be-LIKE', ad. Probably ; likely. [Mntiquated.] 

Bjjll, n. A hollow, sounding vessel of metal. 

Bel-la-d6x'na, 71. [It.] A species of amaryllis ; 
deadly nightshade, a poisonous plant ; a lily. 

Belle (bel), n. [Fr.] A young lady admired for 
beauty and accomplishments ; a gay young lady. 

Belles-lettres {hti]-ltit'tr) [bel-ii'tur, fV. J. 
F. K. ; bel-let'tr, P. Ja. Sm. R. ; bel'let-tr, E. C. 
JVb.], n. pi. [Fr.] Polite literature, as rhetoric, 
poetry, criticism, and philology ; classical au- 

BiiLL'FLOw-ER, n. A bell-shaped flower. 

Bell'found-er, n. One who founds or casts bells. 

BEL-Li(^'ER-ENT, a. Waging war ; engaged in war. 

BEL-Liqt'ER-JiNT, n. A party carrying on war. 

Bel-lip'o-tent, a. Mighty in war. [R.] 

BJiLL'MAN, n. A public crier : — a bell-ringer. 

BiiLL'iVIET-AL (bel'met-tl), n. An alloy or mixture 
of copper and tin, used for making bells. 

Bel'low (bel'lo), V. n. To make a noise as a 
bull ;_to cry aloud ; to vociferate ; to roar. 

BiJL'LOW, n. A loud outcry ; a roar. 

Bel'low-ing, n. I.oud noise ; a roaring. 

Bel'lows (bel'lus) [bel'liis, S. fV. P. J. F. K. Sm. 
R. ; bel'oz, Ja.], n. sing. & pi. A machine for 
blowing the fire. 

BiJLL'RiNG-ER, n. One who rings bells. 

Bel'lu-ine, a. Like a beast ; beastly ; brutal. 

BiiLL'wETH-ER, n. A sheep which carries a bell. 

Bel'ly, n. That part of the body which contains 
the entrails ; abdomen : — a protuberance. 

Bel'ly, !), n. To swell into a larger capacity. 

BJiL'LY-AeHE, n. Pain in the bowels ; colic. 

Bel'ly-bSnd, n. A girth for a horse. 

Bel'ly-fOl, 71. As much as fills the belly. 

Bi3L'o-MAN-cVi K. Divination by arrows. 

Be-l6ng', 7). n. To be the property of; to apper- 
tain to ; to adhere to ; to have relation to ; to 
relate to. 

Beloved (be-luvd'), p. Loved; as, "He was 
much beloved." — a. (be-luv'ed). Much loved; 
dear ; as, " a beloved son." 

Be-low' (be-l5'), prep. Under in place, time, or 
dignity ; inferior in excellence ; unworthy of. 

Be-low', ad. In a lower place ; on earth ; in hell. 

BiiLT, n. That which encompasses ; a girdle ; a 
cincture ; a sash ; band ; zone. 

Belt, v. a. To gird with a belt ; to encircle. 

Be-lu'ga,7i. a species of whale, which from its 
color is called by whalers white-fish. 

Bel've-dere, 7i. {Arch.) A pavilion, gallery, or 
structure on the top of a house or palace. 

Be-man'gle, v. a. To tear asunder. 

Be-mAsk', v. a. To hide ; to conceal ; to mask. 

Be-maze', v. a. To bewilder ; to perplex. 

Be-iviire', 7). a. To drag in the mire. 

Be-mist', v. a. To cover as with a mist. 

Be-moan' (be-mon'), v. a. To lament ; to bewail. 

Be-moan'er, 77. One who bemoans. 

Be-moan'ing, 77. Lamentation. 

B§-m6ck', v. a. To treat with mockery ; to mock. 

Be'mol, 77. (Mas.) Another name for B flat, 

fBE-MoN'sTER, 7). a. To make monstrous. Shak. 

Be-mourn' (be-morn'). v. a. To weep over 

Be-mu§ed' (be-inuzd'), a. Overcome with musing. 

BE>fCH [bench, S. P. J. K. Sm. Wb. : bensh, JV. F. 
E. Ja. R. C], n. A long seat : — a tribunal of jus- 
tice ; the court ; the body of judges. 

Bench'er, n. A senior member of a society 
governing the English inns of court. 

Bend, v. a. [i. bent oriiENDED ; pp. bending, bent 
or BENDED.] To make crooked , to direct to a cer- 
tain point ; to incline ; to bow ; to subdue. 

Bend, v. n. To be incurvated ; to yield. 

Bend, 7i. A curve ; a crook ; a flexure ; a bent. 

BiiND'A-BLE, a. That may be bent or incurvated. 

Bend'er, n. A person .)r thing that bends. 

Bend^let, 77. (Her.) A little bend. 

Be-NEAPED' (be-nept'), a. (JVaut.) On the ground. 

BE-NEATH',prcp. Lower in place ; lower in rank, 
excellence, or dignity ; under ; unworthy of. 

BE-NiiATH', ad. In a lower place ; below ; on 

Ben'e-dict, 77. A cant term for a married man. 

BiJN-E-Dic'TlNE, a. Belonging to St. Benedict. 

Ben-e-dic'tion, n. An invocation of happiness , 
a blessing : — institution of an abbot. 

Syn. — The benediction of a priest ; the blessing 
of God : — spiritual and temporal blessings. 

Ben-e-fac'tiqn, 77. Act ot conferring a benefit ; 
the benefit conferred ; donation ; gratuity ; gift. 

Syn. — Benefactions to the poor; donations fit 
benevolent institutions ; an unexpected gratuity ; 
a free gift. 

Ben-e-fac'tqr, 71. One who confers a benefit. 

Bi2N-E-FAc'TRESS, 77. A female benefactor. 

Ben'e-fice, 71. An ecclesiastical living. 

BisN'E-FiCED (ben'e-fist), a. Having a benefice. 

BE-NiiF'l-ciiNCE, 71. Active goodness : kindness 

Be-nef'i-cent, a. Bountiful; muniiScent ; be- 
nevolent ; kind ; liberal ; generous. 

Syn. — God is beneficent and bountiful in pro- 
viding for his creatures ; a munificent beiiefacttr ; 
a benevolent man ; a kind friend ; a liberal patron , 
a generous dit^position. 

BEN-E-Fi"ciAL (ben-e-fish'al), a. Conferring 
benefits ; advantageous ; useful. 

Ben-e-fi"cial-ly, ad. Advantageously. 

BEN-E-Fi"ciAL-NESS, 77. Usefulness. 

BEN-E-Ff'ci-A-RY (ben-e-fish'e-§i-re), a. Hold 
ing something in subordination to another. 

BEN-E-Fi''ci-A-RY(ben-e-fish'e-a-re),7i. One wlio 
is possessed of a benefice : — a person benefited : — ■ 
a student assisted by charity or charitable funds. 

Ben'e-fit, 77. An act of kindness ; good office , 
favor ; a kindness ; service : — advantage ; ac- 
count; avail i gain: profit. 

Syn. — Princes confer benefits and favors on tlicir 
subjects ; subjects perform services for their rul 
ers ; neighbors do acts of kindness to eacli ether. 
Advantage of situation ; gain or profit in trade. 

Ben'e-fxt, v. a. To do good to ; to assist : to help. 

Ben'e-fi't, v. n. To gain advantage. 

Be-net', v. a. To ensnare. 

Be-nev'o-lence, 77. Disposition to do pood ; 
good-will ; kindness ; benignity ; humanity ; ten- 

Syn. — Benevolence is the desire of doing good ; 
beneficence, actual goodness. The great should 
manifest condescending benignity; humanity ex- 
tends to all ; kindness to friends and neighbors ; 
tenderness to the weak and sulfering. See Phi- 


Be-nev'p-lEnt, a. Disposed to do good ; having 
good-will ; kind ; humane ; benignant , beneficent, 

Ben-ga-lee', 77, The language of Bengal. 

Ben-ga-ljjse', 77. sing. Scpl. A native, or the na- 
tives, of Bengal. 

Be-night' (be-nit'), v. a. To involve in darkne.=s. 

Be-nIgn' (be-nin'), a. Kind ; generous ; gentle. 

Be-ni'g'nant, a. Kind; gracious; benevolent. 

Be-nig'ni-ty, 77. Goodness of heart ; benevolence ; 
beneficence ; graciousness ; actual kindness. 

Be-nign'ly (be-nln'le), arf. Favorably ; kindlj'. 

|BiSN'l-§ON (ben'e-zn). n. A blessing ; benediction. 

Ben'shijs, 77. An Irish fairy ; a fairy's wife. 

Bent, i. & p. From Bend. 

Bent, 77. State of being bent ; flexure ; declivity . 
— inclination ; tendency ; fixed purpose. 

4, £,i, 6,u, Y,langi X, E, i,6, 0,i?,6/iort.- A, e, i, p y,Y, obscure. — fAre,far, fXst, All, heir her, 




Ee-NUMB' (be-num'), v- a- To make torpid. 

Ben-zo'ic, a! (Chem.) Relating to benzoin. 

Ben-zoin', n. A resinous juice of a tree in Suma- 
tra, &c. ; called also gum-benjamin. 

BEN'zof'LE, ) n. (Chem.) A compound of carbon 

Ben'zOle, j and hydrogen. 

Bij-PAINT', V. a. To p!iint ; to cover with paint. 

BE-Pinch', v. a. To mark with pinches. 

Be-povv'der, v. a. To dress out ; to powder. 

Be-PRAI^e', v. a. To praise greatly ; tii laud. 

BE-QUiJATH', V. a. To leave by will to another; 
to devise. — Written also bequeathe. 

Be-quest'. n. Something left by will. 

Be-rate','j). o. To revile ; to vilify ; to abuse, 

jBe-ray' (be-rd'), v. a. To foul ; to soil. 

Ber'ber-rv, K. A berry. See Barbekry. 

BerEj n. A species of barley in Scotland. 

BE-REAVE', v. a. [i. BEREAVED Or BEREFT ; pp. BE- 
REAVING, BEREAVED or BEREFT.] To Strip ; to de- 
prive of ; to dispossess. 

Be-reave'mei\t, n. Act of bereaving ; state of 
being bereaved ; deprivation ; loss. 

BE-Reft', !. & p. From Bereave. 

Ber'ga-mot, n. A sort of pear : — a perfume. 

Ber'gan-der, 7(. A species of duck ; birgander. 

Berg'mas-t ER, n. The chief officer among the 
Derbyshire ininers ; called barmaster. 

Be-rhvme', v. a. To form in rhyme. 

Ber-lTn' or Ber'lin [ber-lin', S. W. J. F. Ja. ; 
ber'lin, P. K. Sm. R. fVb'.], n. A kind of coach or 

BIJRM, n. (_Fort.) A narrow level space along the 
interior slope of a parapet. 

Ber'nar-dine, n. One of an order of monks. 

Bijr'ry, 71. Any small fruit, containing seeds. 

Berth, n. A station of a ship : — a room ; a place 
or box to sleep in : — a station ; employment. 

BiiR'yL (ber'il), n. A precious stone. 

Be-scat'ter, v. a. To throw loo«ely over. 

Be-scratch', v. a. To tear with the nails. 

BE-SEECH', v. a. [i. BESOUGHT ; pp. beseechiwg. 

BESOUGHT.] To entreat ; to beg ; to implore. 
Be-seem', v. a. To become ; to be fit for. , 

Be-SEEM'ing, n. Comeliness. 
Be-seem'ly, fl. Fit; becoming; suitable. 
Be-S£T', t). a. [i. beset; pp. besetting, beset.] 

To besiege; to waylay; to embarrass; to fall 

Be-shrew' (be-shru'), v. a. To wish a curse to. 
Be-sjde', j prep. At the side of: — over and 
Be-sIde^', \ above; distinct from ; out of. 
Be-sTde', j ad. More than that ; moreover ; not 
BE-sTpE§', \ in this number ; except. 
BE-siiif/E' (be-s5j'), ^'. a. To invest with an armed 

force^; to lay siege to ; to hem in ; to beset. 
Be-sie9'er, 71. One who besieges. 
Be-SLTme', v. a. To soil ; to daub. 
Be-slijb'ber, v. a. To daub ; to slubber. 
Be-smear', v. a. To bedaub ; to soil ; to smear. 
Be-smTrch', v. a. To soil ; to discolor. Shak. 
Be-sm6ke', v. a. To foul or dry with smoke. 
Be-smOt', v. a. To soil with smoke or soot. 
Be-s\liffed' (be-snuft'), a. Smeared with snuff. 
BE'ijQM (bj'zum), 7i. A broom made of twigs. 
Be-soRT', v. a. To suit ; to fit ; to become. Shak. 
Be-s6t', v. a. To infatuate ; to stupefy. 
Be-s6t'ted-ly, ad. In a besotted manner. 
Be-s6t'ted-.\ess, 7!. Stupidity; infatuation. 
Be-sought' (be-sawt', 54), /. & p. From Beseech. 
Be-spXn'gle, v. a. To adorn with spangles. 
Be-spXt'Ter, v. a. To soil by spattering. 
Be-spcAK', v. a. [i. bespoke ; pp. bespeaking, 

BESPOKEN'.] To speak for beforehand : — to speak 

to ; to address : — to betoken ; to forebode ; to 

Be-sp£c'kle, v. a. To mark with speckles. 
Be-spew' (be-spQ'), V. a. To daub with vomit. 
Be-spIce', 0. a. To season with spices. 
Be-spit'j v. a. To daub with spittle. 
Be-spot', v. a. To mark with spots. 
Be-sprEad' (be-spred'), v. a. To spread over. 

Be-sprTn'kle (be-sprink'kl), v. a. To sprinkle 

BE-SPliRT' or Be-sf'irt', v. a. To throw out. 
Be-spijt'ter, v. a. To sputter over. 
Best, a. ; superl. of Oood. Most good ; that has 

good qualities in the highest degree. 
Best, ad. ; superl. of fVell. In the highest degree of 

goodness : — used in composition ; as best-beloved. 
Be-stain', v. a. To mark with stains. 
fBE-STEAD', V. a. To profit ; to accommodate. 
Best'IAL (best'yal) [bes'che-fil, fV. J. ; bes'tyal, 

jE. F. K. Sm. R. C. ; bes'te-jil, P. Ja. ; bes'chal, 

S.], a. Belonging to a beast ; beastly ; brutal. 
B£s-Ti-AL'i-TV (best-ye-al'e-te), 77., The quality 

of beasts ; beastliness: — an unnatural crime. 
Bes'tial-ize (best'yal-iz), v. a. To make like a 

Bes'tial-ly (best'yal-le), ad. Brutally. 
Be-stick', v. a. To stick over with. 
BE-STtR', V. a. To put into vigorous action. 
Be-stow' (be-sto'), V. a. To give; to confer ; to 

grant ; to impart. 

Sijn. — Bestow charity ; confer honors ; grant 

privileges ; give presents ; impart information. 
Be-stow'al (be-sto'^il), 7?. Act of bestowing. 
Be-stow'ment, 77. Act of bestowing; bestowal. 
Bje-strad'dle, 7). a. To bestride. 
Be-strew' (be-stru' or be-stro') [be-stru', S. J. Ja. 

K. Sm. ; be-stro', fV. E. F.], v. a. [i. bestrewed ; 


sprinkje over. 
Be-STRIDE', v. a. [i. bestbode or bestrid ; pp. be- 
striding, BESTRIDDEN Or BESTRID.] To Stride 

with the legs extended over ; to step over ; to 

ride on. 
Be-stOd', 7). 0. To adorn with studs. 
BiiT, 77. A wager. — v. a. To lay a wager. 

BE-TAKE', v. a. [i. BETOOK ; pp. BETAKING, RE- 
TAKEN.] To have recourse to ; to apply ; to move ; 
to remove. 

Be'tel (be'tl), 71. Water-pepper, an Indian plant. 


BETHOUGHT.] To rccall to reflection ; to remind, 
Be-think', v. n. To call to recollection. 
Beth'le-hem (beth'le-em),i7i. An insane hos> 

pital : — corrupted to bedlam. 
fBE-THRALL', V. a. To enslavG ; to enthrall. 
BE-THDmp', v. a. To beat ; to thump. 
Be-tIde', v. a. To happen to; to befall. 
Be-tIde', v. 77. To happen ; to become. 
Be-tIme', ad. Seasonably. Same as betimes, 
BE-TiME§', ad. Seasonably ; soon ; early. 
Be-to'ken (be-to'kn), v. a. To foreshow by signs-, 

to signify. 
Bet'p-ny, 77. A plant; a vulnerary herb. 
Be-took' (be-tuk'), i. From Betake. 
BE-TORN',p.'a. Much torn ; tattered. 
Be-t6ss', v. a. To disturb ; to toss up. 
Be-TRAY', v. a. To give up or disclose treacherous 

iy : — to divulge a secret ; to discover ; to entrap 
Be-tray'al, 77. Act of betraying ; treache.'y. 
Be-tray'er, 77. One who betrays. 
BE-TR"iM', V. a. To deck ; to dress ; to trim. 
Be-tr6th', v. a. To contract to any one in orde( 

to marriage ; to afliance ; to pledge. 
Be-tr6th'ment, 71. The act of betrothing ; ai) 

engagement relating to marriage. 
BEt'ter, a. ; comp. of Oood. Superior. 
BEt'ter, arf. More; rather; in a higher degree. 
BiiT'TER, V. a. To improve ; to meliorate. 
BEt'ter, 77. Superiority: — a superior. 
BEt'ter-ment, 77. An improvement to an estate, 
BET'TpR, 77. One who bets or lays wagers. 
BEt'ty, n. An instrument to break open doors. 
Be-tDm'BLED (be-tum'bld), p. a. Disordered. 
Be-TWE en', prep. In the intermediate space ; from 

one to another ; in the middle of; betwixt. 
Be-twixt', prep. In the middle of ; between. 
BEv'EL 1 Any angle not a right angle or half a 

right angle: — a kind of square movable on a 

centre : — used also as an adjective. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n; bOll, BUR, rOle.— 9, 9, g,so/t; jE, g, c,|, Aard; § asz ; 3j: (w gz; THIS. 




Bfiv'Eii, V. a. To cut to a bevel angle. 

BEV'EL-iNG, n. Act of cutting to a bevel. 

B£v'jER-A9^E, n. Drink ; liquor to bo drunk. 

Bev'y, n. A flock of birds : — a company. 

Ue-wail', v. a. To weep aloud for ; to bemoan. 

Be-wa^l', v. n. To express grief; to woep aloud. 

Be-wail'a-ble, a. That may be lamented. 

Be-w^ail'ing, n. Lamentation. 

Be-vtare', v. n. To regard with caution. •* [A 
verb defective, and not conjugated.] 

Be-vs'il'der, v. a. To perplex ; to entangle. 

Be-w^itch', ?j. n. To charm ; to fascinate. 

Be-witch'ing, a. Fascinating ; enchanting. 

Be-witch'ing-ly , ad. In an alluring manner. 

Be-witch'ment, 71. Fascination ; enchantment. 

tBE-WRAY' (be-ra'), v. a. To betray ; to show. 

JBe-w^ray'eu (be-ra'er), n. One who bewrays ^ 

Bey (ba), n. A governor of a Turkish province. 

Be-y6nd', prep. On the farther side of; farther 
onward than ; before ; above ; past. 

Be-y6nd', ad. At a distance ; yonder. 

Be-zant', 71. A gold coin of ancient Byzantium. 

Bez'el [bez'el, P.K. C. Wb.i bSz'zl, Sm.; bS'zel, 
Ja.], n. That part of a ring in which the stone 
is fixed. 

Be'zoar (bG'zor), n. A calculous concretion. 

Bi-Xn'gu-lat-ed, a. Having two angles. 

Bi'as, ru Weight on one side of a bowl: — parti- 
ality ; bent ; prepossession ; mclination. 

Bi'as, v. a. To incline to some side ; to influence. 

Bib, n. A piece of linen put on a child's breast. 

B'lB, V. n. To tippl ^ ; to sip ; to drink. 

Bi-BA cious (bl-ba'shus), a. Addicted to drinking. 

fBi-BX^'l-TY, re. The quality of drinking nmch. 

IJib'ber, 71. A tippler; a toper; a sot. 

Bl'BLE (bi'bl), n. The Book, by way of eminence ; 
the volume of the sacred Scriptures. 

Bib'li-cal,, a. Relating to the Bible. 

BTb-lJ-og'ra-pher, n. One versed in bibliography. 

B£B-li-<?-graph'ic, ) a. Relating to tlio 

Bl'B-LJ-o-GRAPH'i-cAL, \ knowledge ofbooks. 

BTb-lj-og'ra-phy, 71. The science, knowledge, 
and history of books. 

BKb-lj-ol'p-^^y, n. Biblical literature ; a treatise 
on books ; bibliograpliy. 

BJfB'Li-p-MXN-cy, n. Divination by a book. 

Dib-li-o-ma' Ni-A, n. [L.] The rage for possess- 
ing scarcoor curious books ; book-madness. 

BIb-li-p-ma'ni-ac, 7!. One who has a rage for 

BTb-lio-ma-nT'a-cal, a. Relating to biblio- 

BIb'li-p-Pole, n, A bookseller ; bibliopolist. 

BiB-Li-oP'o-Li'sT, n. A bookseller. 

Bid-li-o-tiie' CA, n. [L.] An apartment for 
books ; a library. 

tBlB-Li-p-TilE'cAL, a. Belonging to a library. 

Bib'li-p-theke, 71. [bibliotlieca, 'L.] A library. 

Bi'b'list, n. A biblical scholar. 

BlC'y-LoOs, a. Absorbing ; spongy. 

Bl-CAP'sy-LAR, a. Having two capsules. 

BicE, n. A green or light blue color. 
'^-cfiPH'A-LOiJs, a. Ilaving two heads. 

Bi-ciP' i-jiAL, > a. Having two heads or two 

Bl-Cip'i-Tous, ] origins. 

BIcK'ER, V. n. To skirmish ; to quiver. 

Bick'er-ipig, 71, A quarrel ; skirmish. 

BTcK'ERjf, 71. An iron ending in a point. 

iJi-coR'Noys, a. Having two horns or antlers. 

2ii-coR'pp-RAi.. a. Having two bodies. 

B'i-CrO'ral, a. Having two logs. 

Bl-cus'PiD, a. (Jliiat.) Having two cusps. 

Bid, v. a. [i. nwn or did ; pp. didding, eiddeii 
or DID.] To order ; to command : -—to propose ; 
to offer : — to desire ; to Invito ; to cad. 

Bid, n. An offer to give a certain price. 

Bid'den (1)1(1 dn),p, l?toia Hid. Commanded. 

BiD'DER, n. One v/ho bids or offora a price. 

iJid'ding, 71. Command ; orclcr : — offer of price. 

Bide, v. a. To enf"uro , to suffer; to wait for. 

BiDE, V. n. To dwell ; to remiin ; to abide. 

Bi-d£n'tal, a. Having two teeth. 

Bl-DET', 71. A little horse : — a chamber bathing- 

Bi-en'ni-al, a. Continuing two years. 

Bi-en'ni-al,-ly, ad. At the return of two years. 

Bier, 7i. A carriage for conveying the dead. 

Biest'ing§, 74. pi. The first milk of a cow after 

Bi-fa'ri-oOs, a. Twofold ; double. 

BiF'ER-olis, a. Bearing fruit twice a year. 

Bl'FiD, a. Cleft ill two ; having two parts. 

BlF'i-DAT-ED, a. Divided into two ; bifid. 

Bl-FLo'ROUS, a. (Dot.) Having two flowers. 

Bi'fold, a. Twotold ; double. 

Bl-FO'LI-ATE, a. (Bot.) Having two leaflets. 

Bi'form, a. Having a double form. 

Bi'formed (bi'fdrmd), a. Having two forms. 

Bi-f6rm'i-tv, 71. A double form. 

Bi-fr6nt'ed (bl-frunt'cd), a. Having two fronts, 

Bl-FiiR'c^TE, a. Having two prongs; bifurcated; 

Bi-FiJR'cAT-ED, a. Having two forks. 

Big, a. Bulky; great; large; huge; pregnant. 

Big or C'iGG, n. A kind of winter barley. 

Big'a-mist, n. One that has committed bigamy. 

Big'a-my, 71. The criino of having two wives, ol 
two husbands, at once. 

Bi-^fir/i'i-NATE, a. (Bot.) Two-forked. 

Big'xjin, n. A child's cap : — a can, or small 
wooden vessel. 

Bight (bit), n. A small bay or inlet of the sea: — 
a bend or coil o^ a rope when folded. 

BlG'liycs, 71. Bulk; size; dimensions. 

Cig'ot, n. One unreasonably devoted to some 
party, opinion, or practice ; a blind zealot. 

Big'qt-ed, a. Full of bigotry ; irrationally zealous. 

Bio'pT-ED-LY, ad. In the manner of a bigot. 

B'ia'pT-RY, 71. Blind zeal ; great prejudice. 

Z?jj"Oz;^(be'zho), 71. [Fr.] A jewel ; a trinket. 

DlJOUTRY (be-zho'trc), ti. [bijouterie, Fr.] Manu- 
facture and trado in jewels ; jewelry. 

Di-JU'aoiJS, a. (Dot.) Having two pairs of leaflets. 

Bi-la'i;i-ate, a. Ilaving two lips or parcels. 

Di-LXr.l'EL-LATn, a. Di.idod into two plates. 

Bil'an-der, 71. .1 small iMtch morcliaiit-vcssol. 

QI-lat'ER-al, a, Ilaving two sides. 

Bil'bjr-ry, n. A small shrub and its fruit. 

CiL'DO, 71. ; pi. BIL'boe^. a rapier ; a sword. 

BTl'boe^ (bil'boa), n. pi. A sort of stocks for the 
fe?t, used for punishing offenders at sea. 

DlLBOQL-i:T(hiVho-ka'),n. [Fr.] The toy called 
a tup and ball : — a small mortar to throw shells. 

DTle, 71. A yellow or greenish fluid separated in 
the liver, and collected in the gall-bladder. 

BlL(^E, 71. The broadest part of a ship's bottom : — 
the protuberant part of a cask : — called also 

B'iL.(^E, V. 71. To spring a leak ; to let in water. 

Bilge'-Wa-TER, 71. Water lying in the bilge. 

BlL'lA-RY (bil'ya-re), a. Belonging to the bile. 

Ci-li'n'gual, ffl. Having two tongues or langu^g^^o. 

Bi-LiN'ou6ys (bi-lin'gwus), a. Having two 
tongues ; speaking two tongues ; bilingual. 

BiL'lous (bil'yus), a. Partaking of bile. 

Bi-lit'er-al, a. Consisting of two letters. 

Bilk, v. a. To cheat ; to deceive ; to defraud. 

Bill, 71. Beak 01 a fowl : — a pickaxe ; a battle- 
axe : -^ a written paper : — an account of mon- 
ey t-— a statement of goods purchased. — (Law.) 
A declaration in writing, expressing griev.:nce or 
wrong : — a proposed law or act. — Dill of ex- 
change, a note ordering the payment 01 a sum of 
money. — ■ Dill of lading, a written statement o£ 
goods shipped. 

DfLL, V. 71. To caress, as doves, by joining bills. 

BiL'LA^E, 71. (Jfatit.) The breadth aC the floor 
of a ship wlion she lies aground. 

Cil'let,71. a note ; a letter: — a ticket directing 
soldicra whoro to lodge : — a log of wood. 

Bi'l'let, v. a. Tci place or quarter soldiers. 

Dil' Liy^-vuVX' (Ml'lgt-dO'), n. ; pi. bIl' LETS- 
Dvu'x' (biFla-dozO. [Fr.] A love-letter. 

„, E, I, O, u, Y, long ; X, £, 1. 6, 0, $, short ; A, E, i, p V, ¥j ofiscun-.— I' Are, fI'.R, fAst, all j heir_ HE II, 




BtLL'-HooK (-huk;, n. A small hatchet. 
BiLL'lA:iD5 (bll'yardz), n. pi. A game played 

with b- Us and maces or stickj, on a table. 
BtL'LINfi^-GATE, n. Ribaldry ; foul language. 
BlLL'ipN (bil'yun), ti, A millinn of millions. 
B'il'low (bil'16), n. A wave swollen by tho 

wind ; surge. See Wave. 
Bil'low-y (bil'lo-c), a. Swelling ; turgid. 
BfL'MAN, n. ; pi. bil'men. One wno uses a bill. 
Bl-Lo'BATE, a. (Dot.) Having two cells or lobes. 
Bi'mane, a. Having two hands ; bimanous. 
Bi-MA'NOUS, a. Having two hands ; bimano. 
Bi-men'sal, a. Occurring every two months. 
Bin, n. A repository for corn, broad, or wino. 
Bi'NA-RY, o. Two ; dual ; double. 
Bi'na-ry, n. The constitution of two. 
Bl'NATE, a. (Dot.) Growing in pairs. 
Bind, v. a. [i. bound ; pp. ginding, bound.] To 

confine with cords ; to fasten to ; to tic together : 

— to oblige or compel by contract, oath, or kind- 
ness ; to engage : — to make costive. 

Syn. — Bind tho hands of a criminal ; tie him to 
the stake ; fasten with a cord. — Bind is more co- 
ercive thanoWJ^e; oblige, than engage. — Wo are 
lound by an oath ; obliged by circumstances ; en- 
gnged by promises. 

BIN^, V. n. To contract its own parts together. 

Bind, n. A hop-stem bound to a polo ; a ligature. 

— (Min.) Argillaceous slato. 

ClND'ER,n. One who binds boohs, &c. i — a fillet. 

BTnd'er-y, n. A place where books arc bound. 

BInd'ing, 71. A bandage : — the cover of a book. 

BiND'iNGjp. a. Compolliag; obliging ; obligatory. 

Bine, n. A slender stem of a pl^nt. 

Bin'na-cle, n. The compass-box of a 3hip. 

DlN'o-ciiE, n. A kind of tolcscopo. 

Dl-Noc'u-LAR, a. Having or using two eyes. 

BI-No'JII-AL-R66t, n. (Mgebra.) A root com- 
posed of only two parts, connected by plus or minus. 

BT-iroM'lir-oCs, a. Having two names. 

Bi-5g'ra-PIIER, 71. A writer of biography. 

BI-P-GRAPll'lC, ) a. Relating to biography, or 

Bl-p-GRAPll'i-CAL, \ the life of a person. 

Bi-og'ra-piiy, n. A history of a person's life. 

Ci-ol'p-^-y, n. Science of life ; inquiry relating 
to the av rago duration of human life. 

Bip'a-rous, a. Bringing forth two at a birth. 

Bip'ar-tTte, a. Having two correspondent parts. 

B7-par-ti"tion, 71. The act of dividing into two. 

BI'PED, 71, An animal with two feet. 

BlP'E-DAL, a. Two feet in length ; — having two 

Bi-pen'nate, )a. Having two wings : — doubly 

BI-pen'nat-ed, \ ponnato. 

Bl-PET'A-LOiJs, a. Having two flower-loaves. 

Bi-QUAD'rate (bi-kwod'rat), n. (Algebra.) Tho 
square of a square, or tho fourth power. 

Bl-QlJAD-RAT'lc, a. Relating to tho fourth power. 

Bl-RA'DI-ATE, a. Having two rays. 

BiRCll, 71, A well-known tree, of several species. 

BiRcn'E V (bir'chn), a. Made of birch. 

Bird, n. A general term for the feathered kind. 

Bi'rd'co_t, n. An arrow for shooting birds. 

Bird'ca^e, n. An enclosure for birds. 

ij'lRU'c ALL, 71. A pipe for imitating tho notes of birds. 

Bird'catcii-er, n. One who takes birds. 

BiRD'LlME, n, A glutinous substanco by which 

tho feet of small birds arc entangled. 
DlRD'5'-EYE (birdz'I), 71. A plant ; a primrose. 
BiRD'I'-eye, a. Noting a view of an object or 
place as seen from above, as by a bird. 

C'lRD'^'-NEST, 71. The place where birds deposit 
_thc[r eggs, and hatch their young : — a plant. 

Bi'reme, 71. A vessel with two benches of oars. 
B'IR'gan-der, 71. A sort of wild goose. 
BlRTii, 71. Tho act of coming into life : — extrac- 
tion ; rank by descent ; lineage. See Beiitii. 
Birtii'day, 71. The day on which any one is 

born ; tho anniversary of ono's birth. 
B'irth'dqm, 71. Privilege of birth. Shak. [«.] 
B'lRTll'NiGHT, n. Tho night on which one is born 

Birth'place, n. The place where ono h Tiom. 
BiRTii' right (birth'rit), n. Tne right or privi- 
lege to which a person is born. 
Bis'cuiT (bis'kit), 77. A kind of hard, dry bread. 
Bi-sEct', v. a. To divide into two equal parts. 
Bl-SEc'TipN, 71. A division inti "vo equal parts. 
Bl-SEO'MENT, n. One of tho parts ^C a line dU 

vidod into two equal parts. 
Bl-SEX'u-AL, a. Having two sexes. 
CisH'op, 71. Ono of tho higher order of clergy, 

who has tho charge of a dioceso j a prelate. Sec 

BiSH'pp, V. a. To confirm : — to cheat or jockey. 
BisH'pp-Ric, n. The jurisdiction and spiritual 

chargo of a bishop ; a diocese. 
Bi^'muth, 71. A reddish-white brittle metal. 
Bis'MUTH-AL, a. Containing bismuth. 
Bl'soN or Bi^'pN [bl'sun, K. R. ; biz'on, Ja Sm.f 

bi'zun. C. O.J, n. A kind of wild ox ; in tho 

United States called the buffalo. 
Bls-SiiXTiLE, 77. Leap year; every fourth year, 

which Jias 366 days, and when February hi3 

29 daj. 
BTs'TOUR-Y ^iiis'tur-o), n, A surgical instrument, 
Bis'TRE ('lia'ter), 77. A brown pigment. 
Bl-sfiL'cous (bi-sul'kus), a. Cloven-footed. 
Bit, 71. Th'> iron appurtenances or mouth-piece of 

a biidlo : — a small piece ; a mors"! : — a small 

silver coin : — a tool for boring wood. 
Bit, v. a. To put tho bridle upon a horse. 
Bitch, 77. Tho female of tho canine kind. 
Bite, tj, a. \i, bit ; pp. biting, bitten o?-bit.] To 

crush with tho tooth; to cut; to wound: — to 

give pain by cold : -^ to cheat ; to trick. 
Bite, 77. Act of biting ; seizure by tho teeth : — a 

mouthful ; -~ tho act of a fish that takes tho bait : 

_— - a cheat : a trick : — a sharper. 
Bit'er, 77. One that bites : — a cheat ; a deceiver. 
BlT'lNGjp. a. Sharp; severe; caustic; sarcastic. 
Bits, n. pi. (JVaut.) Two strong pieces of timber, 

on which tho cables aro fastened when tho ship 

rides at anchor. 
BIt'ta-cle, 71. A compass-box ; binnacle. 
BiT'TEN (bit'tn), p. From Dite. See Bite. 
B'iT'TEl.., a. Having a hot, acrid taste ; sharp-. -«» 

cruel ; painful ; reproachful ; af.licting. 
Bit'ter-ly, ad. In a bitter manner ; sharply. 
Bit'tern, 77. A bird with long legs, of the heron 

kind : — ■ a bitter liquid which drains off in making 

ClT'TER-rrEss, n. A bitter taste : — malice. 
Bit'ter§, A liquor containing an infusion 

of bitter herbs or roots. 
BIt'ter-sweet, 77. An apple sweet and bitter. 
Bi-tumed' (be-tumd'), a. Smeared with pitch. 
Lii-TU'MEN [bo-tu'mcn, PV. Ja. If. Sm. R.; bi-tu'- 

men, S. J. F.], n. An inilammablo mineral sub- 
stance of several varieties ; a mineral pitch ; as- 

phaltum ; asphalt. 

i-tu'min-ate, v. a. To bituminize. 


Bi-tO'MIN-ize, v. a. To combine with bitumen. 
Bi-TCjli-NOUs, a. Containing bitumen. 
Bi'vAlve, a. Having tv\'o valves or shutters. 
BI'vSlve, 77. A shell-fish having two valves. 
Bl'vi-Oljs [bi've-us, Ja. Sm. R. ; biv'yus, K,r ' 

biv'c-iis, k'b.], a. Having two ways. 
U/r'0!7.4C (biv'wiik), 71. [Fr.] Tiio watching of 

an army, in open air, at night, in expectation of 

an engagement. ' 

B'iv'oUAC (biv'wak), v. n. To watch on guard. 
BiZ'AN-TiNE, n. A great piece of gold ; bezant. 
Di-zarre', a. [Pr.] Odd ; strange ; fantastic. 
BlSe, v. a. To tell, as secrets ; to divulge. 
Bl.^B, v. n. To tattle ; to toll talcs. 
BlSb, 77. A telltale ; a babliler : — tattle. 
BlAck, a. (5f tlie darkest color ; dark: — cloudy; 

mournful; horrible; dismal: — wicked. 
BlXck, 77. A black color: — a blackamoor; anogra 
BlAck, v. a. To make black ; to blacken. 
BlXck'a moor [black'a-mor, p. F. K. Sm. ; blik'- 

5t-m5r, l(^.], n. A negro. 

MlEN,aiR; MOVEjNOK, S^N ; bOlL, bUR, rOlE. — 9, 9, |, *«/!:; JCjjGjf, ^,hard; ^asz; :f as gz : THia 




BlXcK'-'art, n. Magica! art ; magic. 

BlXck'ball, n. A ball used in voting : — a com- 
position for blacking shoes. 

PlAck'ball, v. a. To reject by blackballs. 

Black'ber-rv, n. A plant ; fruit of the bramble. 

BlAck'Bird, n. A black singing-bird. 

BlXck'board, n. A colored board used in schools 
tor forming figures, diagrams, &c. 

BlAck'-Cat-tle, n. pi. Oxen, bulls, and cows. 

Black'cock, 71. The heathcock. 

Black'en (blak'kn), v. a. To make black; to 
darken : — to defame. 
LACK'EN (blak'kn), v. n. To grow black. 

BlXck'en-er, 11. One who blackens. 

BlacK'guard (blag'g'ird), n. A vulgar, base 

Placis'guard, v. a. To abuse with vile language. 

BlAck'ISH, a. Somewhat black. 

BLACK'-jACK,n. A leathern cup: — an ore of zinc. 

Black- Li3AD' or Black'-LEad, n. Plumbago 
or grapliite, a mineral used fur pencils. 

BLACK'LiiG, n. A gambler ; a sharper. {Low.'] 

BlAck'-Let-T?R, n. Tlie old English or modern 
Gothic letter or alphabet. 

Black'lv, orf. Darkly in color ; atrociously. 

Bl,ack'-Mail, 71. (Eng.) A certain rate anciently 
paid for protection to men allied with robbers. 

Black-Mon'day, 71. Easter-Monday, which, in 
34th of Edward III., was dark and very cold. 

BlXck'moor. n. A negro ; blackamoor. 

Black' NESS, n. The quality of being black. 

BlAck'-POd-DING, n. Food made of blood and 

Black-rod', n. (Eng.) The usher belonging to 
the order of the Garter, who carries a black rod. 

BlAck'smith, n. A smith who works in iron. 

BlAck'thorn, 71. The sloe-tree. 

Blad'der, 74. The vessel which contains the 

Blade, 71. The spire or stalk of gras.s or grain; 
leaf: — the sharp part of a weapon, knife, &c. : 
— a rafter : — a gay fellow. 

Blade'bone, n. The bone of the shoulder. 

Blad'ed. a. Having blades or spires. 

Blade'smith, 71. A sword cutler. 

Blain, n. A pustule ; a blotch ; a sore. 

Blam'a-ble, a. Deserving censure ; culpable. 

Blam'a-ble-nEss, 11. Culpableness. 

Blam'a-BLY, ad. Culpably; censurably. 

Blame, v. a. To censure ; to charge with a fault. 

Blame, n. Imputation ol a fault ; censure. — " He 
is to blame ; that is, he is blamable." Johnson. 

Blame'ful, a. Criminal ; culpable. Shak. 

Blame'less, a. Free from blame; spotless; un- 
spotted i faultless ; irreproachable ; i.inocent. 

Syn. — A blameless character is one free from 
blame ; a sjiotless or unspotted character is one 
against which no charge has been brought ; an 
irrcpruachable character is one against which no 
char^'e can be brought. 

Blame'less-ly, arf. Without blame ; innocently. 

Blame'less-ness, 71. Innocence. 

Blame'wor-thy (blain'wUr-tbe), a. Culpable. 

Blan'card, 7!. A species of linen cloth. 

Blanch (12), u. a. To whiten -. — to strip or peel off 

Blanch, v. n. To grow white: — to evade; to 

Blanc-Mange (bli-monj'), ) n. [Mane manger, 

Blanc-Manger (bia-inonj'), I Fr.J Food made 
of milk or cream, sugar, almonds, ismglass, sago, 
&c. Commonly written blanc-manger. 

Bland, a. Soft ; mild ; gentle ; courteous. 

BLAN-DlL'p-QUENCE,n. Flattering speech. 

Blan'dish, v. a. To smooth ; to soften ; tosoolhe. 

BlAn'dishment, n. Act of blandishing; soft 
words ; caresses ; kind treatment. 

BlAnk, a. Wliite ; without writing; pale: — con- 
fused. — Blank verse, metro without rhyme. 

BlAnk, n. Avoid sjjace on paper: — a paper un- 
written : — a lot by which nothing is gained. 

Blank, v. a. To damp ; to confuse : to elTace. 

BlXnk'et, 7!. A woollen cloth or cover for a bed 

BlXnk'et,7). a. To cover with, or toss in,al)]anket 

Bl Ank'et-ing, n. Act of tossing in a blanket. 

Blar'ney, 7!. Gross flattery ; tiresome discourse. 

Blas-pii£;me' 7). a. To speak in terms of impious 
irreverence of God ; to speak evil of. 

Blas-phijme', 7). ?i. To speak blasphemy. 

BLAS-PHiJM'ER, 71. One who blasphemes. 

BlAs'phe-mous, c. Containing blasphemy. 

BlXs'phe-my, n. An indignity offered to God oi 
sacred things, in words or writing. 

Blast (12), n. A gust of wind ; a high wind : — 
the sound made by blowing a wind-instrument : — 
a blight ; a disease. 

Blast, v. a. To strike with a plague ; to witlier; 
to injure ; to blight : — to blow up by powder. 

Blast'jng, n. A blight: — an e.xplosion ; a blast 

Bla'tant, a. Bellowing, as a calf or other beast. 

Blat'ter, v. n. To make a senseless noise. 

Blaze, 77. A flame ; a stream of liglit : — a white 
mark, as upon a horse's forehead. 

Blaze, v. n. To flame ; to be omspicuous. 

Blaze, v. a. To publish : — to blazon ; to mark. 

Bla'ZON (bla'zn), v. a. To explain the figures on 
ensigns armorial ; to deck: — to celebrate. 

Bla'ZON (bla'zn), 77. The art of drawing coats of 
anns: — show; divulgation; celebration. 

Bla'ZON-ry, n. Art of blazoning; emblazonry. 

Blea, 11. The part of a tree under the bark. 

Bleach (blSch), 7;. a. To make white ; to whiten. 

Bleach, «. 7;. To grow white. 

Bleach'er-y, n. A place for bleaching. 

Bleak, a. Open; exposed to tlie wind: — cold. 

Bleak, n. A small river fish, called also blay. 

Eleak'ly, ad. In a bleak manner. 

Bleak'ness, 77. State of being bleak ; coldness. 

Blear (bier), a. Dim with rheum or water; dim. 

Blear, v. a. To make the eyes dim. 

BLEAR'-EYED(bler'id), a. Having sore or dim eyes. 

Bleat (blet), 0. n. To cry as a sheep. 

Bleat, n. The cry of a sheep or lamb. 

Bleat'ing, 77. The cry of lambs or sheep. 

Bleed, v. n. [?. bled ; pp. bleeding, bled.] To 
lo^e blood ; to drop, as blood. 

Bliled, v. a. To draw blood ; to let blood. 

Blised'ing, 71. Discharge of blood: — blood- 

Blem'ish, v. a. To mark ; to tarnish ; to defame. 

BLiiM'isn, n. A mark of deformity; taint; a 
stain ; a spot ; a speck ; a flaw ; a defect ; a fault. 
Sijn — A blemish tarnishes or diminishes beauty ; 
a i-tam (jr taint spoils ; a spot, speck, or flaw dis- 
figures. A blemish in a fine painting ; defect in 
speech ; n fault in- workmanship. 

Blend, v. a. [i. blended ; pp. blending, blend- 
ed ; — tBLENT. ] To mix so that the different in- 
gredients cannot be distinguished ; to mingle 
together ; to mingle. 

Blende, 71. (Min.) The sulphuret of zinc. 

BLitN'NV, K. A fish of several varieties. 

Bless, v. a. [i. blessed or blest; pp. blessing, 
blessed or blest.] To make happy ; to wish 
happiness to. 

Bless'ed, p. a. Happy ; enjoying felicity ; lioly 

Bless'ed-ness, 77. Happiness; felicity; divino 

Bless'ing, n. Benediction ; divine favor, 

Bljjst, (. & ;j. From jBZess See Bless. 

Blew (blu), ;'. From Blow. See Blow, 

Bleyme (blem), n. Inflammation in a lior.=e's foot. 

Blight (blit), 71. A disease incident to plants ; a 
blast ; a blasting : — mildew. 

Blight, v. a. To corrupt with blast ; to blast. 

BlIght'ED, p. a. Withered; blasted; faded. 

Blind, a. Destitute of sight ; dark ; unseen. 

Blind, v. a. To make blind ; to darken. 

Blind, n. Sometliing to hinder the sight : — a win- 
dow-screeii ; a cover. 

BlTnd'fold, 0. a. To hinder from seeing. 

Blind'eold, a. Having the eyes covered. 

Blind'ly, ad. Without sight ; implicitly. 

A3 E, i, 6, V, Y, long; X, E, 1, 6, V, \', short; A, E, I, o, i;, y, obscure.— FkRV:, FAR, fXst., &LL; HEIR, URB.. 




Blind'-MaN'^-Buff', 71. A play in which one 

of the company is blindfolded. 
BlTnd'n ess, 71. Want of sight : — ignorance. 
Blind'side, ?j. A weakness ; a weak side. 
BlInd'worm (blind'wiirm), a. A small viper. 
Blink, v. n. To wink ; to see obscurely. 
Blink, v. a. To start from with aversion. 
Blink, n. A glimpse ; a glance. 
Blink'ard, ?i. One who blinks or has bad eyes. 
Bliss, n. The happiness of heaven ; the higliest 

happiness i felicity. 
BLiss'FUL, a. Happy in the highest degree. 
BLtss'FUL-LV, ad. In a blissful manner. 
Bliss'ful-ness, ?!. Exalted happiness. 
Blis'ter, 71. A pustule ; a vesicle : — a plaster. 
Blis'ter, v. n. To rise in blisters or vesicles. 
Bli's'ter, v. a. To raise a blister on. 
BbTthe, a. Gay ; airy ; joyous ; mirthful. 
BlTthe'ly, ad. In a blithe manner. 
BlTthe'ness or BlIthe'some-ness, ?(. Gayety. 
BlTthe'SOME, a. Gay; clieerful ; merry. 
Bloat, v. a. To swell ; to make turgid. 
Bloat, v. ?!. To grow turgid ; to dilate. 
Bloat'ed, a. Grown turgid ; inflated; puffed up. 
Bloat'ed-ness, n. The state of being liloated. 
Blob'ber-LIPPED (-lli)t), a. Having thick lips. 
Block, n. A heavy piece of wood, marble, or 

stone ; an obstruction : — the case that contains 

the wheel of a pulley ; a pulley. 
Block, v. a. To shut up ; to obstruct. 
Block-ade', 7!. Act of blockading or shutting up 

a port, town, or fortress. 
Block-ade', v. a. To shut up by obstruction. 
Block'HISad (blok'hed), n. A stupid fellow. 
Block'head-ed (bibk'hed-ed), a. Stupid; dull. 
Block'-HoOse, 71. A fortress make of trunks of 

trees, to defend a harbor or a military post. 
Bl5ck'ish, a. Like a block ; stupid ; dull. 
BLOCK'isH-NESS, n. Stupidity ; dulness. 
Block-Tin', n. Tin cast into blocks or ingots. 
Bl6m'a-ey, n. See Bloomary. 
Blond'lace, 77. Lace made of silk. 
Blood (blud),??. The red fluid that circulates in the 

bodies of animals: — family ; kindred ; descent: — 

blood royal: — bloodshed : — a rake ; a man of fire. 
Bl6od'flovv-er, 71. A plant; hieinanthus. 
BLOOD'GUiLT-i-NiiSS (blud'gllt-e-nes), n. The 

crime of shedding blood ; murder. 
Blood'heat (blQd'het), 77. Heat of the same 

degree with that of the blood. 
Blood'hoOnd, 7(. A fierce species of hound. 
Blood'i-ly (blud'e-le), ad. In a bloody manner. 
Blood'I-ness, n. The state of being bloody. 
Blood'less (blud'les), a. Without blood;" dead. 
Blood'shed (blud'shed), 71. Murder; slaughter. 
Blood'shed-der, 7i. One who sheds blood. 
Blood'shot (blud'shot), ) a. Filled with 

Blood'shot-ten ('hlud'shot-tn), ( blood; red. 
Blood'sijck-er (blud'suk-er), n. A leech ; any 

thing that sucks blood ; a cruel man. 
Bl6od'thirs-ty, a. Desirous to shed blood ; cruel. 
Blood'ves-sel, 77. A vein or artery. 
Blood'y (blud'e), a. Stained with blood : —cruel. 
Blood'y-Flux (blud'e-flux), n. Dysentery. 
Blood'y-MINd'ed, a. Cruel; sanguinary. 
Bloom, ti. The opening of flowers : — an efflores- 
cence ; a blossom : — tUe prime of life : — native 

flush on the cheek : — the blue color upon plums, 

&;c. : — mass of iron. 
Bloom, v. n. To produce blossoms ; to flower ; to 

blossom : — to be in a state of youth. 
Bl66m'a-RV, 77. The first forge in the iron mills ; 

— same as blomary and bloom. 
Bloom'ing, a. Flourishing with bloom ; flowery. 
Bloom'v, a. Full of blooms ; flowery. 
Blos'sqm, n. The flower of a plant. 
Blos'som, v. n. To put forth blossoms ; to flower. 
BlOs'spm-v, a. Full ot blossoms. 

Blot, v. a. To efface: — to spot: — to disgrace : 

— to stain. 

Blot, n. Obliteration ; a blur ; a spot ; a stain. 

Blotch, n. A spot upon the skin ; a pustule. 
Blotch, v. a. To blacken ; to mark with spots. 
BloO§e, 77. A loose, coarse outer garment 01 

frock: — written also blowse. 
Blow (bio), n. A stroke ; calamity: — egg of a fly. 
Blow (bio), v. n. \i. blew ; pp. blowing, blown.] 

To make a current of air : — to sound : — to pant ; 

to breathe: — to flower ; to bloom. 
Blow^ (bio), V. a. To drive by the wind ; to inflame 

with wind : — to kindle: — to swell: — to sound 

wind music ; to inflate : — to flyblow. 
Blow'er (blo'er), n. He or that which blows. 
Blown (blon), p. From BLorc. 
Blow'pipe (blo'pip), ?!. A tube used by various 

artificers to produce an intense flame. 
Blowze, 77. A ruddy, fat-faced wench. 
Blow'zy, a. Sunburnt; high-colored; tawdry. 
Blub'ber, 77. The fat of whales : — a bubble.' 
BlDb'ber, ». 77. To weep so as to swell the cheeks. 
Blud'9-eon (blud'jyn), n. A short stick; an 

offensive weapon. 
*Blue or Blue [blu, S. W. P. J. F. E. Ja. K. C. 

Wb. ; blu, Snul, a. Of the color of blue; sky- 
*Blue (blu), n. One of the original colors. 
*Blue'book (-buk), 77. A book containing the 

names of persons holding office. [belly. 

*Blue'bot-tle,7!. Aflovver: — aflywith a blue 
*Blue'-eved (blu'Id), a. Having blue eyes. 
*Blue'ly (blu'le), ad. With a blue color. 
*Blue'n^ss, 77. The quality of being blue. 
*Blue'pe-ter, 7!. The signal flag for sailing. 
*Blue'st6ck-ing, 77. A literary woman. [Low.] 
Bluff, ?7. A high, steep bank or shore. 
Bluff, a. Big; surly; obtuse. 
Bluff'ness, 77. The quality of being bluff. 
*Blu'ish, a. Blue in some degree. 
Blun'der, v. n. To mistake grossly ; to stumble. 
BlDn'der, n. A gross mistake ; a palpable error. 
Blun'der-buss, 77, A short gun with a large 

bore : — a blunderhead. 
Blijn'der-er, 77. One who commits blunders. 
Blun'der-head, 77. A stupid or careless fellow. 
Blijn'der-ing-ly, ad. In a blundering manner. 
Blunt, a. Dull on the edge or point: — rough; 

rude; impolite: — abrupt. 
Blijnt, v. a. To dull the edge ; to repress. 
Blijnt'ly, arf. In a blunt manner ; coarsely. 
BLtJNT'NESS, 77. Want of edge; coarseness. 
Blunt'w'it-ted, a. Dull; stupid. Shak. 
BliJR, 77. A blot ; a stain ; a dark spot. 
BLiiR, V. a. To blot ; to stain ; to spot ; to obscure. 
Blurt, v. a. To speak inadvertently ; to bolt. 
Blijsh, v. n. To betray shame or confusion by a 

red color on the cheeks ; to redden ; to color. 
Blush, 77. The color in the cheeks raised by 

shame, confusion, &c. ; reddish color : — a glance. 
fBLUSH'ET, 77. A young, modest girl. 
BlOsh'fOl, a. Full of blushes ; blushing. 
Blush'ing, 77. The exhibiting of blushes. 
BliJsh'ing, p. a. Manifesting blushes ; modest. 
Blush'less, a. Without a blush ; impudent. 
BLiJSH'y, a. Having the color of a blush. 
BlOs'ter, v. 77. To make a loud noise ; to roar, as 

a storm : — to boast ; to bully. 
BlDs'ter, 77. Noise; boast; tumult; roar. 
Blus'ter-er, 77. A swaggerer; a bully ; a boaster. 
Blijs'ter-Tng, 77. Tumult; noise. 
BlOs'ter-ing, p. a. Noisy ; stormy ; turbulent. 
Bo, mterj. A word of terror to frighten children. 
Bo'a, 77. [L.] A huge serpent : — a fur tippet. — 

(^Med.) An eruption. 
Boar (bor), 71. The male swine ; the wild boar. 
Board, 71. A piece of sawed timber, broad and 

thin: — a table: — food; diet: — a number of 

persons who manage some trust; a council; a 

court : — deck of a ship. 
Board (bord), v. a. To enter a ship by force • — 

to lay witli boards : — to furnish with food. 
Hoard, v. u. To receive food, as a lodger ; to dieC 
Board'er, 77. One who boards or receives diet. 

MlENjSi'R; MdVE,NbE, s6n; bOll. BiJa, rCle.— 9,9,.^, w/£,\.e, S,2,|,/(arrf; § uiz; ^aigz: illis. 




Board'ing-SjEHooi, (bord'ing-skol), n. A school 
where the scholars live with the teacher. 

BoAR'isH^bor'ish), a. Swinish; brutal. 

Boar'-Spear, re. A spear used in hunting boars. 

Boast (bost), v. n. To brag ; to vaunt one's self. 

Boast, v. a. To brag of; to magnify ; to exalt. 

Boast, n. Vaunting speech : — a cause of boasting. 

Boast'er, n. One who boasts ; a bragger. 

Boast'ful, a. Addicted to boasting ; ostentatious. 

BoAST'iNG, re. Ostentatious display. 

Boast'ing-ly, ad. Ostentatiously. 

Boat (bot), re. A small vessel to pass the water in. 

Boat, v. a. To carry or convey in a boat. 

Boat'a-ble, a. Navigable with boats. 

Boat'-Hook (-hiik), re. A pole with a hook. 

BoAT'iNG, re. The act of conveying in a boat. 

BoAT'iviAN, n. One who manages a boat. 

BOAT'SWAIN (bot'swan or bo'sn) [bot'swan or 
bo'sn, W. J. F. Ja. Sm. ; bo'sn, S. P. K. R. ; 
bot'sn, E.], re. (JVaut.) An officer on board a 
ship, who has charge of her rigging, anchors, 
boats, &c. 

Bob, v. re. To play backward and forward. 

Bob, re. Something that plays loosely : — bobwig. 

Bob'bin, re. A pin or thing to wind thread upon. 

Bob'bi-net, re. A kind of netted gauze. 

BoB'cHER-RY, n. A play among children. 

Bob'o-link, re. A singing-bird ; the rice-bird. 

Bob'TAIL, re. A short tail ; a tail cut short. 

BoB'TAlLED (bob'tald), a. Having a short tail. 

Bob'wig, re. A short wig, or a wig of short hair. 

BocK'iNG, re. A coarse woollen stuff. 

Bode, v. a. To portend ; to foreshow ; to forebode. 

Bode, J), n. To be an omen. 

f Bode, n. An omen ; delay or stop. 

JBode'ment, re. A portent ; omen. Shak. 

Bod'ice (bod'js), re. Short stays for women. 

Bod'ied (bSd'id), a. Having a body. 

BoD'i-Lisss, a. Incorporeal ; without a body. 

Bod'i-li-ness, re. Corporality. 

Bod'i-L Y, a. Relating to the body ; corporeal ; real. 

BoD'l-LY, ad. Corporoally ; with the body. 

Bod'Jng, re. A foreshowing ; an omen. 

BoD'KlN, re. An instrument used to bore holes with : 

— an instrument used to dress the hair. 
Bod'y, re. The material substance of an animal : 

— matter, opposed to spirit .- — a person : — a col- 
lective mass : — the main army : — a corporation : 

— the main part ; the bulk ; the substance : — a 
solid figure : — a system. 

Syn. — Body in the sense of a dead body is ap- 
plicable to both men and brutes ; corpse, to men ; 
carcass, to brutes. 

Bod'y, v. o. To produce in some form. 

B6d'y-Clothe§, re. pi. Clothing for horses. 

Bod'y-Guard (bod'e-gard), re. A life-guard. 

Bog, re. A marsh ; a morass ; a quagmire. 

Bog, v. a. To whelm, as in mud or mire. 

Bog'gle or Bo'gle, re. A bugbear ; a spectre. 

Bog'gle, v. re. To start ; to hesitate ; to doubt. 

Bog'gler, re. One who boggles ; a doubter. 

BoG'sy, a. Full of bogs ; marshy ; sv.'ampy. 

Bog'-ore, n. Iron ore found in boggy ground. 

B6g'tr6t-ter, re. One living in a boggy country. 

Bo-HJLA' (bo-he'), re. A species of black tea. 

Boil, v. n. To be agitated by heat ; to bubble. 

Boil, v. a. To cook in boiling water ; to seethe. 

Boil, re. A painful tumor having a pustule. 

Boil'er, re. One who boils : — the vessel in which 
water is boiled or steam generated. 

Bo)'l'er-y, re. A place where salt is boiled. 

BoiL'iNG, re. Act of boiling ; ebullition. 

Bois'TER-oiJS, a. Loud ; stormy ; furious : noisy. 

Bois'TER-ous-LY, ad. In a boisterous manner. 

B5is'TER-oys-N£ss,re. Turbulence ; great noise. 

Bo'la-RY, a. Pertaining to bole or clay. 

Bold, a. Daring ; brave ; as bold as a lion : — con- 
fident ; impudent : — e.\ecuted with spirit ; striking 
to the sight ; as a bold work : — steep and abrupt ; 
as a bold shore. 

■fBoLD'EN (bol'dn), V. a. To embolden. 

Bold'faced (bold'fast). a. Impudent ; daring. 

Bold'ly, ad. In a bold manner ; daringly. 

Bolu'ness, re. Courage ; confidence ; audacity. 

Bole, re. A friable, clayey earth : — boll. 

Boll, re. A round stalk or stem: — a pod:— -i 
measure of corn or salt. 

BolLj v. re. To form a seed-vessel, as a plant. 

Bo-logn'a-Sau'sage (bo-lon'yfi-). n. A sausage 
made of bacon, veal, and pork suet. 

BoL'sTER, re. A long pillow or cushion ; a pad. 

Bol'ster, v. a. To support ; to swell out. 

Bol'ster-Tng, re. A propping ; a support. 

Bolt, ji. An arrow : — the bar of a door : — an 
jron or wooden pin : — a sieve ; a bolter. 

Bolt, v. a. To fasten : — to blurt out : — to sift. 

Bolt, v. re. To spring out suddenly. 

Bolt'-au-ger, 71. A large boring instrument used 
by ship-carpenters. 

Bolt'er, re. A sieve : — a kind of net. 

Bolt'head (bolt-hed), re. A long glass vessel. 

BoLT'-RoPE, n. A rope to which sails are sewed. 

BolT'sprit, re. See Bowsprit. 

Bo'lus, re. [L.] A large pill : — a kind of earth ; 

Bomb (bum), n. A hollow iron ball filled with 
gunpowder, to be thrown out from a mortar. 

fBoM'BARD, re. A great gun : — a bombardment. 

Bom-bard', v. a. To attack with bombs. 

BoM-BAR-DlER',re. An engineer who shoots bombs. 

Bom-bard'ment, n. An attack with bombs. 

Bom-BAst' 03- Bom'bSst [biim-bast', P. J. F.; 
biiin-bast', S. E. Ja. Sm. C. ; bQm'bast, JV. Wb.], 
n. Inflated style or high-sounding language ; 

Bom-bast' [biim-bast', P. J. ; bum-bast', W. Sm 
R. ; bum'bast, Wb. jlsk], a. High-sounding ; in- 
flated ; pompous ; bombastic. 

Bom-bXs'tic, a. Containing bombast; of great 
sound with little meaning ; inflated ; turgid. 

Bom'bXx, re. (^Bot.) The silk-cotton tree. 

Bom-ba-zette', re. A thin woollen stuff. 

Bom-ba-zine' (bum-ba-zen'), n. A slight stuflf 
made of silk and worsted. 

Bom'bic, a. Relating to the silk-worm. 

Bomb'-Ketch (hum'kech), J n. A ship for 

Bomb'-Ves-sel (biim'ves-sel, \ throwing bombs. 

Bomb'-Shell, re. A shell or bomb to be filled with 
powder, and thrown by a mortar. 

BoM-BV(p'l-NOUs, a. Made of silk; silken. 

Bom'byx (bom'biks), re. [L.] The silk-worm. 

BO'nafi'de, [L.] In good faith ; in reality. 

Bo' NA-Ro' BA, re. [It.] A showy wanton. 

Bo-NA'Sys, n. [L.] A wild ox or bison. 

B<iN'BoN',n. [Fr.] A dainty ; sweetmeat. 

Bond, re. Any thing that binds ; a cord or chain ; 
ligament ; — union : — a written obligation to ful- 
fil a contract. — PI. Imprisonment. 

Bond, a. Bound ; being in a servile state. 

Bond, v. a. To give bond for; to secure. 

B6nd'a(je, re. Captivity; imprisonment ; slavery. 

Bond'maid, re. A female slave. 

BSnd'man, re. ; pi. bond'men. A man slave. 

Bond'ser-vant or Bond'slave, m. a slave. 

BoND'siJR-viCE, re. Slavery. [another. 

Bonds'man, n. One who is bound as security fui 

BoND'woM-AN (-wum-an), re. A female slave. 

Bone, re. Tlie firm, hard substance in an animal 
body, which supports its fabric ; a piece of bone. 

B5ne, r). a. To take out bones from ; to supply 
with bone. 

Bone'lace, re. Lace woven with bobbins. 

Bone'set-ter, re. One who sets and restores bones. 

Bone'spav-in, re. A disease in the hock-joint of 
a horse. 

Bon'fire, n. A fire made for joy or triumph. 

f B6n'i-fy, v. a. To convert into g(X)d. 

BoN-MoT (bon-mo'), re. [Fr.] A jest ; a witty re- 
ply or repartee. 

BoNNE'-BdupHE',n. [Fr.] A delicate morsel. 

Bon'net, n. A woman's covering for the head ; a 
cap : — a little ravelin : — a sail. 

i, E, I, 6, u, Y, long ; X, £, 1, 5, ij, Y, short; A, E, I, p, y, V, obscure.— FkRE, FAR, FAST, ALL; HEIR, HfiB' 




B6n'ni-1.y, ad. Gayly ; handsomely. 

Bon'nv, a. Handsome; beautiful; gay; merry. 

B6.\'nv-clXb-ber,7i. Sour buttermilk ; sour milk. 

Bon'ten, n. A narrow woollen stuff. 

Son-Ton {\)oi\'\.o\\'),n. [Fr.] Fashion ; high mode. 

Bo'NUS, n. [L.] A premium given tor a privilege. 

BoN-ViVANT {ho\\'\'&-\'), n. A boon compan- 
ion ; a luxurious liver. 

Bo' NY, a. Consisting of bones ; full of bones. 

£6N'ZE,n. A priest of Japan or China. 

Boo'by, n. A dull, stupid fellow : — a bird. 

Boo'ey-hOt, n. A sleigh vvitli the seat and cover- 
ing of a chaise or coach. [IT. S.] 

B66DH'i§M, ?!. See Buddhism. 

*BooK (buk, 51) [buk, P. J. E. F. Sm. Wb. ; bok, S. 
fV. Ja. K. R. C], n. A volume in which we read 
or write ; a subdivision of a work or volume. 

Sijn. — The first book of the second volume of 
Homer's Iliad. 

*BooK (buk), V. a. To register in a book. 

*Book'bind-er (buk'-), n. A binder of books. 

*Book'case r'buk'kas), n. A case for books. 

*Book'!SH (buk'ish), a. Given to books. 

*Book'ish-ness (buk'-), n. Devotion to books. 

*Book'keep-er (buk'-), 71. A keeper of accounts. 

*Book'keep-ing, re. Art of keeping accounts. 

*Book'lXnd (buk'land), n. Free socage land. 

*Book'learn-ed, a. Versed in books. 

*Book'learn-ing, re. Knowledge of books. 

*Book'mad-ness, re. Bibliomania. 

*Book'm:ate (buk'mat), n. A school-fellow. 

*Book'oath, n. An oath made on the Book. 

*Booic'sell-er (buk'-), re. A seller of books. 

*Book'st6re, ?i. A bookseller's shop. [U.S.] 

*BooK'wORM (b&k'vvurni), re. A worm that eats 
holes in books : — a hard student. 

Boom, n. A long pole used to spread out the clew 
of the studding-sail : — a pole set up as a mark : — 
a bar of wood laid across a harbor or river. 

Boom, v. n. To rush with violence ; to swell. 

Boon, n. A favor granted ; a gift ; a benefit. 

Boon, a. Gay ; meriy ; kind ; bountiful. 

Boor, n. A rude peasant; a clown; a rustic. 

BooR'iSH, a. Clownish ; rude ; rustic. 

B66r'ish-ly, ad. In a boorish manner. 

BooR'isH-NESS, re. Clownishness ; rusticity. 

Boose, re. A stall for a cow or an ox. 

Boo'^^Y, a. Partially intoxicated ; tipsy ; bousy. 

Boot, v. a. To profit : — to put on boots. 

Boot, re. Profit ; gain : — a covering for the leg 
and foot : — a receptacle or box in a coach ; a 
covering, as of leather, in a coach or chaise. — 
To boot, ad. Over and above. 

Boot'ed, o. Having boots on. 

Boot-ee', re. A kind of short or half boot. [{7. S.] 

Booth, re. A temporary house built of boards. 

Boot'ho^e, re. Stockings to serve for boots. 

Boot'jack, re.- A utensil for pulling off boots. 

Boot'less, a. Useless; without success. 

BooT'TREE, re. A last for stretching a boot. 

Boo'TY, re. Plunder ; pillage ; spoil. 

Bo-peep', re. A play among children. 

Bo-rach' id (bQ-tit'cho), n. [Sp.J A dninkard. 

Bq-ra^'ic, a. Relating to, or partaking of, borax. 

BoR'Af/E (biir'aj), re. An annual garden plant. 

Bo'RJx, 71. [L.] (Cliem.) A salt formed of boracic 
acid and soda. 

Bor'der, re. The outer part or edge of any thing; 
exterior limit ; frontier ; side. 

Bor'uer, v. n. To be near ; to approach. 

Bor'der, v. a. To adorn with a border ; to reach. 

Bor'der-eR, re. One who dwells near a border. 

Bore, v. a. To mako a hole; to perforate: — to 
weary or vex by what is disagreeable. 

Bore, v. re. To make a hole ; to pierce. 

Bore, re. A hole ; the size of any hole : — a borer: 
— a tide swelling abfjve another tide: — one who 
annoys ; annoyance. 

Bore, i. From Bear. 

B6'RE-AL, a. Northern ; tending to the north. 

Bo' RE-Xs, n. [L.] The north wind. 

BoRE'coLE, re. A species of winter cabbage. 
Bor'er, n. A person or thing that bores; a tool 

for boring : — a wood-eating worm. 
Born, p. From Bear. Brought forth. 
Borne, p. From Bear. Carried ; conveyed. 
Bor'ough (bur'6, 76), n. A corporate town. 
Bor'qugh-Eng'lish, re. {Eng.Law.) A descent 

of lands or tenements to the youngest son. 
Bor'row (bor'ro), v. a. To take or receive on 

credit for a time from one who lends. 
Bor'row-er, re. One who borrows. 
Bor'rqw-Ing, re. The act of one who borrows. 
B6s'ca(^e, n. Wood ; the representation of woods. 
Bos'KY, a. Woody ; rough ; swelled. 
Bo^'qm (buz'um or bo'zum) [buz'ura, S. Sm. 

JVares; bo'zum, W. P. J.' F. Ja. R. C. Wb.], re. 

The breast ; the heart; any receptacle. — Busom, 

in composition, implies intimacy, confidence, fond- 
ness, as bosom-itienA, &c. 
*Bo§'pM (buz'um), ■«. a. To enclose in the bosom. 
Boss, 77. A stud; a knob; a raised work. — A 

master or head workman. [Local.] 
Bos'sAgtE, 77. A stone that has a projection. 
Bossed (host), a. Having bosses ; studded. 
Bos'SY, a. Prominent ; studded. 
B<?-tan'!C, )a. Relating to botany ; containing 
Bo-tXn'i-cal, ) herbs or plants. 
Bo-tXn'J-cal-LY, ad. In the manner of botanists. 
Bot'a-NIST, re. One versed in botany or plants. 
BQt'a-nIze. v. re. To study botany or plants. 
fBoT-A-NOL'p-GV, re. A discourse upon plants. 
B6t'a-nv, n. Ttie branch of natural history which 

treats of vegetables , the science of plants. 
Bq-tar'go, n. [botarga, Sp.J A sausage made ol 

the roes of the mullet-fish. 
Botch, n. A red pustule : a pimple : — a patch. 
Botch, v. a. To mend awkwardly , to patch. 
Botch'er, re. A mender of old clothes. 
Botch'er-ly, a. Clumsy , patched. 
Botch'y, a. Marked with botches. 
Both, a. One and the other , the two. 
Both, conj. As well , on the one side. 
Both'er, v. o. To perplex; to confound; to 

B6t'ry-oId, ) a. Resembling or having the 
BoT-Ry-ol'DAL, \ form of a bunch of grapes. 
Bots, re. yl. Small worms m the entrails of horses. 
Bot'tle, re. A vessel with a narrow mouth, to put 

liquor in : — the measure or contents ol a bottle. 
Bot'tle, v. a. To enclose in bottles. 
Bot'tle-Screw (-skru), 7i. A screw to pull out 

a cork ; a corkscrew. 
Bot'tling, re. The putting of liquors into bottles. 
BoT'Tpk, re. The lowest part : — the ground under 

water : — the foundation : — a dale ; a valley ; 

low alluvial land : — a ship ; the part of a ship 

under water. 
BoT'TOM, V. a. To found or build upon. 
Bot'TQMED (bot'tonid), a. Having a bottom. 
Bot'tom-less, a. Without a bottom ; fathomless. 
B6t'tpm-ry% re. (Law.) The borrowing of money 

on a ship's bottom, which is pledged as security. 
BoOd, re. An insect which breeds in malt. 
Bou-doir' (b6-dw'6r'),n. [Fr.] A small private 

Bouc^E (boj), V. re. To swell out. 
BoOgh (bou, 76), re. A branch of a tree. 
Bought (bdwt, 77), i. &. p. From Buy. 
Bougie (bo'zhG), re. [Fr.] A wax candle : — a 

surgical tube or instrument. 
BouiLLl (b6\'yi:),n. [Fr.] Boiled or stewed meat. 
BourLLON(bd\'yong'),n. [Fr.] Broth ; soup. 
BoOnce, v. n. To spring; to leap: — to boast. 
Bounce, n. A heavy blow or thrust : — a boast, 
Boun'cer, re. Alwaster; a bully: — a lie. 
BoOnd, re. A limit ; boundary: — a leap ; i\ jump. 
BoOnd, 7). a. To border; to terminate; to limit j 

to circumscribe ; to enclose ; to restrain. 
RoOnd, II. 77. To jump ; to rebound. 
BoOnd, I. &p. From Bind. 
BoOnd, a. Destined; intended to go to any placa 

MlENjSi'R; MOVE, NOR, s6N; BOLt.,BtiR,RCLE. — 9,9,^,50/1!; £,», 2,g, Aard; §0«ZJ ?f asgz; lUIS, 




BoOiv'DA-RY, 71. That which bounds or limits ; 

the mark of a limit ; a bound ; fe7vn. 
BoOn'UENjP. From Bind. Bound. — a. Obliged; 

indispensable : — beholden to. 
Bound'less, a. Without bound; unbounded; 
unlimited ; undefined. 

Sijn. — Boundless ocean ; boundless space ; un- 
bounded desires ; unlimited power ; undefined limits. 
Bound'less-ness, n. Exemption from limits. 
*BoCn'te-oOs fbbun'te-iis, P. J. Ja. R. ; boun'- 
tyus, S. E. F. K. ; bbun'che-ils, fV.]_ a. Liberal ; 
kind ; bountiful. 
*BoON'TE-oCJs-L.y, ad. Liberally; munificently. 
♦BotJN'TE-oys-NESS, n. Munificence. 
Boun'ti-fOl, a. Liberal; beneficent; kind. 
BouN'TJ-FUL-LY, ad. Liberally ; generously. 
Bou>f'TV,n. Beneficence: — generosity; liberality; 
munificence : — a premium : — money given to 
promote any object, or to men who enlist. 

Syn. — Bounty and beneficence are characteristics 
of the Deity as well as of his creatures. Gener- 
osity, liberality, vluA munifi/^ence are human quajities. 
Bou'QUET (bo'ka) [bo'ka, Ja. Sm. R. ; bo-ka', ^. 

C.],n. [Fr.] A bunch of flowers. 
Bourgeois (bur-jbls'), n. [Fr.] A printing-type, 

a size next larger than brevier. 
Bourn (bom or born) [born, PV. J. Ja. Snu R. C. ; 
born, S. P. E. K. ; born or bom, F.], n. [borne, 
Fr.] A bound ; a limit. 
Bourse (bors), n. [Fr.] An exchange where 

merchants meet. See Burse. 
Bouse (boz), v. n. To drink sottishly. 
Bous-tro-phe'don, ji. A mode of writing from 

right to left, and then from left to riglit. 
B6u'§V (bo'ze), a. Drunken; intoxicated ; boosy. 
Bout, n. A turn: — atrial; an attempt 
Bo'vTne, a. Relating to cattle, as oxen, cows, &c. 
Bow (bbii), V. a. To bend ; to bend the body in 

token of respect ; to depress. 
Bow (bbu), V. n. To bend ; to make a reverence. 
Bow (bbii), n. An act of reverence or respect : — 

the rounding part of a ship's side. 
Bow (bo), n. An instrument for shooting arrows : — 
a rainbow : — any thing curved : — an instrument 
with which the viol, violin, &c. are struck. 
Bovv'EL (bbu'el), v. a. To take out the bowels. 
Bo\v'EL§ (bba'elz), w.pi. The intestines ; the en- 
trails : — figuratively, pity, tenderness. 
Bow'ER (bbu'er), n. A chamber; a shady recess. 
Bow'ER-y (bbfl'er-e), a. Shady ; having bowers. 
BoWie-Knife, ?(, A large knife carried by hunt- 
ers in the Western States. 
Bowl (bol), n. A vessel to hold liquids: — the 

hollow part of any thing : — a basin. 
*Bowl (bol or bbul) [bol, S. fV. J. K. Sm. C. Wb. ; 
bbul, P. E. Ja.; bbul or bol, F.], n. A round 
mass which may be rolled along the ground. 
*BowL or Bowl, v. a. To roll as a bowl ; to 

*Bowl or Bowl, v. n. To play at bowls. 
B5wl'der, n. A large, round stone. 
Bow'-LEGGED (bo'legd), a. Having crooked legs. 
*B6wl'er or Bowl'er, n. One who plays at 


Bow'line or Bow'line [bbii'lin, S. W. J. E. F. ; 

bo'ljnj K. Sm. R. ; bo'lln, Ja. C.], n. (Maut.) A 

ship's rope fastened near the middle of the leech. 

*Bowl'ing or BoVvl'ing, n. The throwing of 

*Bowl'ing-Xl-ley,m. An enclosure for bowling. 
*BowL'iNG-GREEN, n. A level piece of ground, 

kept smooth for playing with bowls. 
Bow'MAN (bo'm^in), n. An archer. 
Bow'net (bo'net), n. A net made of twigs. 
B6\VSE, V. iu (J\raut.) To haul or pull together. 
Bow'SHOT (bo'shot), n. The space which an ar- 
row may piss in its flight, 
Bow'sPRiT (bo'sprit), 7i. A mast projecting from 

the head of a ship to carry the sails forward. 
Bow'STRiNG, 71. The string of a bow : — a Turk- 
ish instrument of punishment. 

Bow'-WtN'DOW, 72. A projecting window. 
Bow'YER (bo'yer), n. An archer: — a mak r or 

Box, 71. A case made of wood ; a chest ; a case •■ — 
a blow given by the hand : — a tree ; a hard 
wood : — a small evergreen shrub. 
Box, V. a. To enclose in a box ; to strike. — To b^t 

the compass, to rehearse the points of it. 
Box, V. n. To fight witli the fist. 
Box'-COAT, n. A great-coat used by coachmen. 
Box'en (bok'sn), a. Relating to the box-tree. 
Box'er, 71. One who fights with his fist. 
Box'HAUL, 7). a. (JSTaut.) To veer the ship . 
Bb Y, 71. A male child ; a youth. 
Boy'ar, n. A Greek or Muscovite nobleman. 
Bo y'hood (bbi'hiid), n. The state of a boy. 
Boy'ish, a. Belonging to a boy; childish: — tri 
BoY'isH-NESS, 71. Childishness. [fling 

Boy'T^M, 71. Puerility ; tlie state of a boy. 
Brab'ble, 75. ». To clamor. — ti. A clamor. 
Brace, v. a. To tie up ; to strain up ; to bind. 
Brace, 71. Cincture; bandage; a line: — a pieco 

of timber framed in with bevel joints : — a pair. 
Brace'let [bras'let, W. P. J. E. F. Ja. Sm. R. 
Wb. ; bras'let, S.], ii. An ornament for the arms : 
— armor for the arm. 
Bra'cer, 71. Ho or that which braces ; a bandaga 
Bra£H'ial (brSik'yal or bra'ke-al) [brak'yal, S. 
TV. J. F. Ja. K. C. ; bra'ke-al, S;yi.J, a. Belonging 
to the arm. 
Brach'ivl,\n (br'a'man), n. See Bramin. 
BRA-fiHYG'RA-PHER, 71. A short-hand writer. 
Bra-jCHYG'ra-phy, n. Short-hand writing. 
BRA-SHVL'Q-cjty, 71. (Rhet.) Laconic speech. 
BrAck, 71. A breach ; a crack. — v. a. To salt. 
BrSck'en (brak'kii), n. A fern ; a brake. 
BrAck'et, 77. A piece of wood for a support.— v 

PI. Hooks [thus] to enclose a word or words. 
BrSck'ish, a. Somewhat salt ; saltish. 
BrAcK-'Ish-ness, 77. Saltness in a small degree. 
Bract, 77. (Bot.) A small leaf , a set of leaves. 
BrXd, 77. A sort of nail without a head. 
BrAg, v. n. To boast ; to vaunt. Shak. [Low.] 
BrSg, 77. A boast : — a game at cards. 
BRAG-GA-D6'ci-6(brag-ga-d6'she-b),77. A boaster. 
BrXg'gard-i§m, 71. Boastfulness. 
BrAg'gart or BRAG'eER, 77. A boaster. 
BrAg'GART, a. Boastful ; ostentatious. 
Braid, v. a. To weave together ; to plait. 
Braid, 77. A texture : — a sort of lace : — a knot. 
Brail^ (bralz), 77. p/. {JVaut.) Small ropes. 
Brain, 77. The soft mass enclosed in tlie cavity of 
tlie skull, regarded as the seat of sensation and re- 
flection : — understanding : — fancy ; imagination. 
Brain, v. a. To dash out the brains. 
Brain'less, a. Silly ; foolish ; thoughtless. 
Brain'pSn, 72. The skull containing the brains. 
Brain'sick, a. Diseased in the understanding. 
Brait, 72. A rough diamond. 
fBRAKE, 2. From Break. Broke. 
Brake, 72. An instrument for dressing flax: — a 
kneading-trough : — fern : — a thicket of bram- 
bles : — a part of an engine that stops motion. 
Brake'man, 72. One who manages the brake, or 

stops cars, on a railroad. 
BrAm'ble, 72. A prickly or thorny shrub or plant. 
BrXm'bled, a. Overgrown witli brambles. 
BrXm'BLING, 72. A mountain chafiinch. 
Bra'MIN [bri'min, Ja. Sm. R. ; bram'in, Wb^n. 

A Hindoo or Gentoo priest. 
Bra-min'i-cal, a. Relating to the Bramins. 
BrSn 72. Tlie outer coat of grain separated from 

the flour ; the refuse of sifted meal. 
Branch (12), 72. The shoot or bough of a tree ; a 

limb : — the otTshoot of any thing : — offspring. 
Branch, v. n. To spread in branches ; to shoot 
Branch, v. a. To divide into branches. i^out. 

Branch'er, 72. He or that which forms branches. 
BRAN'flii-uE, 72. pi. [L.] The gills of fish. 
BrXn'jCHI-al, a. Relating to tho branchiae. 
BrAn'^hi-p-pod, 77. A crustaceous animal. 

A, E, I, o, u, Y, long ! A, E, I, 6, tJ, 5, short ; A, E, j, 9, y, Y, obscure.— FkRi:, far, fast, all; HfilR, HERj 




BrSnch'let, n, A little branch. 

Branch'y, a. Full of branches. 

Brand, n. A piece of wood partly burnt: — a 
brandiron : — a mark of infamy ; a stigma. 

Brand, v. a. To mark with a brand or stigma. 

BrXnd'&oose, n. A kind of wild fowl ; brant. 

Brand'ir-on (brand'I-urn), n. An iron to brand 
with : — a trivet to set a pot upon. 

Bran'dish, v. a. To flourish, as a weapon. 

BrXn'dish, 7u a flourish, as of a weapon. 

BrXnd'ling, ?i. A kind of worm. 

Brand'-new, a. New as from the forge. 

Bran'dv, 71. A strong distilled liquor. 

Bran'gle, c. 71. To wrangle. — n. A wrangle. 

BrXnk, n. Buckwheat : — a scolding-bridle. 

Bran'lin, 71. A species of salmon. 

BrXn'ny, a. Having the appearance of bran. 

BrXnt, n. A species of goose. 

Bra'.5EN (bra'zn). See Brazen. 

Bra'§ier (bra'zher), n. One who works in brass : 
— a pan to hold coals : — written also brazier. 

Brass (12), n. An alloy of copper and zinc, of a 
yellow color: — impudence. 

Brass'y, a. Partaking of brass: — impudent. 

Brat, 7i. A child ; — so called in contempt. 

Bra-va'do, 71. A boast ; an arrogant menace. 

Brave, a. Courageous ; gallant ; intrepid. 

Brave, 7t. A brave man ; an Indian warrior. 

Brave, v. a. To defy ; to set at defiance. 

Brave 'LY, ad. In a brave manner ; finelj'. 

Bra've-ry, 71. Couraa-e ; intrepidity; heroism. 

Bra'vo or Bra'vo [bra'vo, fV. P. J. F. Ja. C. ; 
bra'vo, Sm. E. Wb.], n. A daring villain; a ban- 
dit ; an assassin. 

Bra'vo or Bra'vo, interj. Well done ! 

BRA-vu'RA,n. [It.] {Mus.) A kind of song re- 
quiring great vocal ability in the singer. 

Brawl, v. n. To quarrel noisily ; to roar. 

Brawl, v. a. To drive or beat away. 

Brawl, 71. A noisy quarrel; uproar: — fa dance. 

Brawl'er, 77. A wrangler ; a noisy fellow. 

Brawl' ING, 7?. The act of quarrelling. 

Brawn, 7i. The hard flesh of a boar : — a boar : — 
food prepared from swine's flesh : — the muscular 
part of the body ; the arm : — bulk. 

Brawn'er, 77. A boar killed for the table. 

Brawn' i-n£ss, 71. Strength; hardness. 

Brawn' y, a. Muscular ; fleshy : — hard ; unfeeling. 

Bray (bra), v. a. To pound, or grind small. 

Bray, v. n. To make a noise like an ass. 

Bray, n. The noise of an ass ; a harsh cry. 

Bray'er, 77. One that brays: — an instrument to 
temper printer's ink with ; a pestle. 

Bray'ing, 7i. Clamor ; noise. 

Braze, 7). a. To solder with brass ; to harden. 

Bra'zen (bra'zn), a. Made of brass : — impudent. 

Bra'zen (bra'zn), v. n. To be impudent. 

Bra'zen-Face (bra'zn-), 77. An impudent person. 

Bra'ZEN-faced (bra'zn-fast), a. Impudent. 

Bra'zen-lv (bra'zn-le), ad. In a bold manner. 

BRA'ZEN-Niiss (bra'zn-), n. Brassiness ; impu- 

Bra' zier (bra'zher), 71. A worker in brass: — a 
pan for coals : — written also brasier. 

Bra-Zil' [brfi-zel', S. W. J. F.Ja. K. Sm. ; bra-zil', 
P. C. Wb.], n. A kind of wood for dyeing. 

Breach (brech), 77. The act of breaking ; infrac- 
tion ; a gap : — diflference ; quarrel : — injury. 

BrIjach'v, a. Apt to break fences ; unruly. 

BRiiAD (bred), 77. Food made of ground com: — 
food in general ; support of life at large. 

BRiiAD'-CbRN, 77. Corn of which bread is made. 

BRiiADTH (bredth), 71. Measure from side to 

Break (hrJk) [brak, W. P. J. F. Ja. K. Hm. R. C. 
fVh. ; bruk, .S. £.], v. a. [i. broke (fBRAKE) ; pp. 
BREAKING, BROKEN.] To part ; to rend ; to burst, 
or open by force ; to divide ; tfi dislocate ; to crush ; 
to shattfr : — to tamo : — to make bankrupt : — to 
discard : — to infringe., as a law. 

Break (brak), v. n. To part in two; to burst; to 

burst forth : — to open, as the morning: — to be. 
come bankrupt ; to fail. 
Break (brak), 77. A breach ; an opening ; a pause : 

— a line drawn; a dash: — the dawn : — a fly- 

Break'a^e, n. Act of breaking: — allowance foi 

what is broken. 
Break'er (brak'er), 77. A person or thing that 

breaks : — a wave broken by rocks. See Wave. 
Break'fast (brek'fjst), 77. The first meal in the 

day. — V. 77. To eat breakfast. 
Break'man, 7!. See Brakeman. 
Break'neck (brak'nek), 77. A steep place. 
Break'wa-ter (brak'wa-ter), 77. A wall or other 

obstacle raised at the entrance of a harbor. 
Bream (brSni), 77. The name of a fish. 
Bream, 7J. a. {J\raut.) To clean a ship. 
Breast (brest), n. The middle part of the human 

body, between the neck and the belly ; the bosom , 

nipple : — the heart : — the conscience. 
Breast (brest), v. a. To meet in front. 
BRiiAST'BONE, 77. The bone of the thorax. 
BRlJAST'HiGH (brest'hi), a. Up to the breast 
BrEast'knot (-not), 71. A knot worn on the breast. 
Breast'pin, 77. A pin or brooch for the breast. 
Breast'plate, 77. Armor for the breast. 
Brjsast'plou&h (brest'plou), 77. A plough or 

spade for paring turf, driven by the breast. 
Brijast'work (brest'wUrk), 77. A work thrown 

up round a fortified place ; a parapet. 
BrIjath (breth), 7). The air drawn in and ex- 
pelled by the liuigs : — life : — respite ; pause : — 

Breath'a-ble, a. That may be breathed. 
Breathe, v. n. To draw air into the lungs and 

expel it ; to live ; to take breath. 
Breathe, v. a. To exhale ; to utter privately. 
Breath'er (bretfi'er), 77. One who breathes. 
Breath'ing, 77. Aspiration: — vent: — an accent- 
Breath'ing-Place (brSth'ing-plas),77. A pause. 
Breath'ing-Time, 77. Time to breathe or rest. 
Breath'less, a. Out of breath; dead. 
Brec'cia (bret'chfi), n. [It.] {Min.) A kind of 

pudding-stone ; a stone composed of fragments. 
Br£d, 7. & p. From Breed. 
Breech [brSch, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. Sm. R. C. ; 

brich, E. K. Wb.], v. The lower part of the body : 

— the hinder part of a gun, and of any thing. 
Breech, v. a. To put into breeches. 
Breech'es (brich'ez, 38) (brich'ez, W. E. Ja. Sm. 

R. ; brech'ez, P. C'.], v. pi. A garment worn by 

men over tlie lower part of the body. 
Breed, v. a. [i, bred ; pp. breeding, bred.] To 

procreate ; to give birth to: — to educate ; to bring 
Breed, v. n. To be with young ; to produce, [up. 
Breed, 77. A race of animals ; a cast ; a kind ; a 

family ; progeny ; a hatch. 
Breed'er, n. The person or thing that breeds. 
Breed-ing, 77. Education ; manners ; nurture. 
Breeze, 77. Agentlegale; a soft wind. See Wind. 
Breez'y, a. Fanned with gales ; full of gales. 
Brent, 77. A species of goose ; brant. 
Brjjst, 77. (Arcli.) The moulding of a column. 
Breth'ren, 77. Plural of £rot/7cr. See Brother. 
BRiiVE, 77. (Mas.) A short note of time. — (Laze.) 

A short precept ; a writ or brief. 
Bre-vet' or BrEv'et [bre-vet', E". Sm. C. Wh.; 

brev'et, Ja. R.], n. [Fr.] A commission to an 

officer in the army which gives him a title and 

rank above his pay. 
Brev'ia-ry (brev'ya-re), 77. An abridgment; an 

epitome : — a Romish priest's office-book. 
Bre'vi-^te, 77. A short compendium ; a brief. 
Bre'vi-atEj v. a. To abbreviate. 
Bre'vi-a-ture, 71. Abbreviation. 
Bre-vier' (bre-vGr'), 77. A small printing-type, in 

size between bourgeois and minion. 
Brev'i-i'jjd, 77. An animal having short legs. 
BrISv'i-ty, 71. Conciseness; shortness; briefness 
Brew (bru), tj. a. To make malt liquor: — to plot 
Brew (bru), v. n. To perform the act of a brewer. 

MiSN, SIR; MOVE, nor, s6n; bCll, bUr, rCle 9}9,^)i'"/t; *;,jG,£,|, Aurd; ij as z ; \ as ^,z : this. 



Brew (brii), n. That which is brewed. 
Brew'a^^e (brti'sij), re. A mixture ; drink brewed. 
Brew'er (bru'er), n. One who brews. 
Brem^'er-y (bru'er-e), n. A place for brewing. 
Brew'hoOse (bru'hbus), 7^ A house for brewing. 
Brew'ing (bru'ing), n. Actof one who brews : — 

quantity brewed at once. 
Brew' IS (bru'is), re. Bread soaked in fat liquid. 
Bri'ar, re. See Brier. 
Bribe, n. A reward given to a judge, an officer, 

a voter, &c., to influence or corrupt the conduct. 
BrTbe, v. a. To give a bribe to ; to gain by bribes. 
Brib'er, n. One who gives bribes. 
BrI'BE-ry, re. The crime of taking or giving bribes 

or rewards for bad practices. 
BrTck, n. A mass chiefly of clay, shaped, and 

bunit in a kiln : — a small loaf. 
Brick, t). a. To lay with bricks. 
Bri'ck'bSt, re. A piece of brick. 
Brick'dOst, n. Dust made by pounding bricks. 
Brick'kiln (brik'kil), n. A kiln to bum bricks. 
Brick'lay-er, n. One who lays bricks. 
Brick'mak-er, re. One who makes bricks. 
Brick' WORK (brik'wUrk), re. A laying of bricks. 
Bri'dal, HI. A nuptial festival ; a wedding. 
Bri'dal, a. Belonging to a wedding ; nuptial. 
Bride, re. A woman newly married or about to be 
BRiDE'BiiD, n. The marriage-bed. [married. 

BrIde'cake, n. Cake distributed at a wedding. 
Bride'cham-ber, n. The nuptial chamber. 
Bride'groom, n. A man newly married or about 

to be married. 
BrIde'maid, re. She who attends upon the bride. 
Bride'maN, re. He who attends the bride and 

bridegroom at the nuptial ceremony 
Bride' WELL, re, A house of correction ; a prison. 
BRiD(^E, re. A pathway erected over a river, canal, 

&c. : — the upper part of the nose : — the support- 
er of the strings of a violin, &c. 
Brid^^e, v. a. To form a bridge over, 
Bri'dle (bri'dl), re. The instrument by which a 

horse is governed : — a restraint ; a curb. 
Bri'dle, v. a. To put a bridle on ; to restrain. 
Bri'dle (bri'dl), v. n. To hold up the head. 
BrI'dler, re. One who bridles or restrains. 
Bri-d66n', re. A snaffle and rein of a bridle, which 

act independently of the bit. 
Brief (bref), ffi. Short: concise; contracted. 
Brief (brsf), w. A writing ; extract. — {Law.) A 

species of writ or precept : — minutes of a case. 
Brief'ly, ad. In a few words ; concisely ; quickly. 
Brief'ness, re. Conciseness; shortness. 
Bri'er, re. A prickly shrub ; the bramble. 
BrI'er-y, a. . Full of briers ; rough; prickly. 
Bri'er-y, 71. A place where briers grow. 
Brig, n. A light, square-rigged vessel with two 

masts. See Vessel. 
Bri-gade', re. [Fr.] A party or division of troops, 

consisting of several battalions. 
Bri-gade', v. a. To form into a brigade. 
BrIg-a-dier' or Brig-a-dier'-9E;n'er-al, re. 

An officer who commands a brigade. 
Brig'and, 71. A robber; a freebooter. 
Brig'and-A9E, re. [Fr.] Plunder ; robbery. 
BrIg'an-dine, re. A coat of mail : — a brigantine. 
BrTg'an-tIne, re. A light vessel ; a small brig. 
BrTght (brit), a. Shining ; full of light ; reflecting 

light; clear; splendid; lucid: — witty; acute. 
BrTght'en (bri'tn), v. a. To make bright : — to 

make gay or witty : — to make illustrious. 
BrTght'en (bri'tn), v, n. To grow bright. 
Bright'ly (brit'le), ad. In a bright manner. 
Bright'ness (brit'nes), re. Lustre : — acuteness. 
BRtLL'lAN-CY (bril'yan-se), re. Dazzling bright- 
ness ; great lustre ; splendor ; radiance. 

Syn. — The bria-htness of the moon ; lustre of 

the stars or of silk ; splendvr of light ; brilliancy 

of diamonds. Brightness may be obscured ; lustre, 

tarnished ; splendor and brilliancy, diminished. 
BRiLL'lANT (bril'yant), a. Shining; sparkling. 
BrI LL'iant, n. A diamond of the finest cut. 

BRtLL§, n. pi. The hair on the eyelids of a horse. 
Brim, n. The edge ; the upper edge of any vessel k 

— the bank of a fountain, river, or tho sea. 
Brim, v. a. To fill to the top. 

Brim, v. re. To be full to the brim. 
Bribi'fi)l, a. Full to the top ; quite full. 
Brim'MER, re. A bowl full to the top. 
BrTm'ming, a. Full to the brim ; brimful. 
Brim'stone, re. A yellowish mineral ; sulphur. 
Brin'ded, a. Of a varied color ; streaked. 
Brin'dle, re. A brindled or streaked color. 
BRfN'DLED, a. Spotted ; brinded , streaked. 
Brine, re. Water impregnated with salt • — the sea 
Brine'pan, re. A reservoir of brine or salt water. 
Brine'pit, re. A pit or reservoir of salt water. 

Bring, v. a. [i. brought ; pp. BRINGING, BROUGHT.") 

To fetch from ; to convey or carry to , to attract ; 

to draw along ; to induce ; to prevail on. 

Syn. — A master sends his servant to fetch a 

parcel, which having received, he carries in bis 

hand and brings home to his master. 
Bring'ing-forth', n. Production. 
Brin'ish or Bri'ny, a. Saltish; like brine. 
BRiN'isH-NiSss, 71. Tendency to saltness. 
Brink, re. The edge of any place ; a precipice. 
Bri'o-ny, re. See Bryony. 

Brisk, a. Lively ; active ; spirited ; vivid ; quick. 
Brisk'et, 71. The breast of an animal. 
BrTsk'ly, ad. In a brisk manner ; actively. 
BrI'sk'ness, 71. Liveliness ;-activity. 
Bris'tle (bris'sl), re. The stiff hair on a swine's 

Bris'tle (bris'sl), v.a. To erect; to fix bristles ta 
Bre's'tle (bris'sl), v. re. To stand erect, as bristles. 
Bri'st'ly (bris'le), a. Thick set with bristles. 
Bri-t1n'ni-a, m. A sort of mixed metal. 
Bri-t5n'nic, a. Relating to Great Britain. 
BrTt'ish, a. Belonging to, or made in, Britain. 
Brit'qn, tu a native of Britain. 
Brit'tle, a. Apt to break ; easily broken ; fragile, 
Brit'tle-ness, re. Aptness to break. 
Britzska (bris'ka), re. [Ger.] An open, four- 

\vheeled pleasure-carriage. 
Bri^ZE, re. The gadfly : — land long uncultivated. 
Broach (broch), 7i. A soit. See Brooch. 
Broach, v. a. To spit : — to pierce a vessel ; to tap ; 

— to open any store ; to let out ; to give out. 

Broach'er, re. One who broaches : — a spit. 

Broad (brawd), a. Wide ; large ; ample ; exten- 
sive ; comprehensive : — clear ; coarse : — fulsome ; 

Syn. — Broad cloth, broad brim ; wide entrance ; 
large field, house, or family ; ample space ; eztensive 
prospect ; comprehensive survey ; cZear sunshine. — 
Broad or coarse language ; indelicate allusion. 

Broad'axe (briwd'aks), n. An axe with a broad 
edge for hewing timber. 

Broad'cast, n. A method of sowing seeds by 
casting them abroad with the hand. 

Broad'cast, a. & ad. Sown by hand extended. 

Broad'cloth, 71. A fine kind of woollen cloth 

Broad'en (braw'dn), v. a. To make broad. 

Broad'en (brlw'dn), v. n. To grow broad. 

Broad'ly (brawd'Ie), ad. In a broad manner. 

Broad'ness, re. Breadth ; coarseness. 

Broad'-Seal, re. The great official seal. 

Broad'side,7u The side of a ship : — a discharge 
of all the guns, at once, from the side of a ship. — 
{Printing.) One side of a whole sheet of paper. 

Broad'sword (brlwd'sord), n. A cutting sword, 
with a broad blade. 

BroAd'wise, ad. In the direction of tho breadth. 

Bro-cade'^, 71. A kind of flowered stuif or cloth. 

Brq-cad'ed, a. Dressed in, or woven as, brocade, 

BrS'ca^E, re. Brokerage. See Brokerage. 

BROc'cp-LKbrbk'o-le), 7!, [It.] A kind of cabbage. 

Brock, re. A badger : — a brocket. 

Brock'et, re. A red deer, two years old. 

Bro'gan, re, A thick, coarse shoe : — a brogue. 

Brogue (brog), re. A kind of shoe : — a corrupt dia- 
lect ; as, the Irish brogue. 

-E, I, O, U, Y,long; X, £,t, 6, IJ, ^, short; A, E, l,Q,y,Y, obscure. — fARE, FAR, fAsT, ALL; IlfilR, HER; 




Br5gue'-Ma-Ker, n. A maker of brogues. 
fBRoi'DER, ?i. a. To embroider. Exodus. 
Broil, ?(. A tumult ; a quarrel ; a brawl. 
Broil, v. a. To cook by laying on the coals. 
Broil, v. n. To be on coals, or in the heat. 
Broil'er, n. One who broils. 
Broke, u.?i. To transact business for others. [R.] 
Broke, i. From Break. 
Bro'ken (bro'kn), p. From Break. 
Bro'ken-heart'ed (bro'kn-hart'ed), a. Having 

the spirits crushed by grief or fear : contrite. 
Bro'ken-wind'ed, a. Having diseased respira- 
Bro'ker, n. One who makes bargains for others ; 

afactor : — a dealer m money. 
Bro'ker-A(^e, n. Money or percentage paid to a 

broker for effecting a sale : — the business of a 

Br6'ker-v, n. Brokerage. 
Bro'mine, «. (Cliem.) A substance often extracted 

from bittern, or sea-water. 
Bron'jEHI-al, a. Relating to the windpipe. 
BRON-jetli'Tls. 71. (^Med.) Inflammation of the 

bronchia, or membranes of the windpipe. 
BRON'jEHO-ciiLE.?!. (Med.) A tumor in the throat. 
Bron-chot'q-my, 71. Incision of the windpipe. 
BuoN'enus n.: pi BR6N'0Hf. [L.] Tlie upper 

part of the windpipe. — The smaller ramifications 

are called bronchta. 
Bron-tol'o-^V, m.' A dissertation upon thunder. 
♦Bronze or Bronze [bronz, S. IV J. F. ./a.; 

brbnz, Sm. E. Wb.i bronz or bronz, K. R.], n. 

A factitious metal compounded of copper and tin. 
*Br6nze, V a. To harden or color like bronze. 
♦Brooch (broch) [broch, IV. J. E. Ja. Sm. R. ; 

broch, S P. F. K. C.J, n. A jewel; an orna- 
ment ; a pin. 
♦Brooch (broch), v. a. To adorn with jewels. 
Brood, «.H. To sit on eggs; to tliink on anxiously. 
Brood.?!. Ofl*spring; progeny: — the number of 

chickens hatched at once : — a production. 
»Brook (bruk, 51) fbruk, P. J. F. Sm. fVb. ; brok, 

S. W. E. Ja. C. ], 71. A running water; a rivulet. 
Sijn. — Rivulets flowing into each other make 

brooks, and brooks, rivers. 
*Brook (bruk), v. a. To l)ear; to endure. 
Broom, n. A small tree : — an instrument to 

sweep with ; a besom. 
Broom, v. a. To clean a ship. See Bream. 
Broom'stick, n. The handle of a broom. 
Broom' y, a. Full of broom ; consisting of broom. 
Broth (brawth or broth) [broth, fV. P. F. Ja. Sm. 

C. ; brawth, S. J. K. JVb.], n. Liquor in which 

flesh IS boiled. 
Broth' el, n. A house of lewd entertainment. 
Broth'el-ler, 7!. One who frequents a iirothel. 

One born of the same parents: — one of the 
same society: — one closely united . an associate. 
— Brulker.-i are |)ersons of the same family or the 
same society ; brethren fused in the solemn style), 
persons of the same society. 

Brotii'er-HOOU (bruth'er-hiid), 71. The quality 
of being a brother: — an association ; a fraternity. 

Broth'er-ly, «. Affectionate, like a brother. 

Br6th'er-lv, aiL III the manner of a brother. 

Brought (braut), i. & p. From Brinir. 

Brow, ?(. The arch of hair over the eye: — the 
forehead : — the edge of a hill : — any high place. 

Brow'beat (brbu'bet), V. a. To depress with 
severe, stern, or hau;;hty Itrnks ; to bear down. 

BROw'BliATiNG, n. A depressing by stem looks. 

BrovV'BoOnI) (brbu'bbijnd), a. Crowned. 

Brown, a. Inclining to black or red ; dark. 

Br6\Vn, 7!. The name of a dark color. 

PiJotViV/B (brdu'iie), 74. [Scotch.] A spirit for- 
merly sup|K)sed to haunt old houses in .Scotland. 

BrovVn'ish (brdiii'ish), a. Tending to brown. 

Brovvn'ness, n. A brown color. 

BrovVn-StDd'V, 71. Gloomy meditation ; reverie. 

BROVVijE, V. a. To eat, as branches or shrubs. 

Brow^^e, v. n. To feed on or shrubs. 

Brovv^e, 71. Tender branches or shrubs. 

BriI'in, 77. A cant term for a bear. 

BriJi^e, v. a. To crush or mangle with blows, 

BriIi|e, 77. A hurt from a heavy blow ; a spot. 

BriIis'er, 71. One who bruises ; a bo.xer. 

BrOit (briit), 77. Noise ; report. — v. a. To report, 

BRti'MAL, a. Belonging to the winter. 

Bru-nette' (bru-net'), 77. [Fr.J A girl or wo- 
man with a brown or dark complexion. 

BrOnt, 71. Shock ; violence ; blow ; stroke. 

Brush, 71. An instrument of hair or bristles to 
sweep or clean any thing : — a painter's pencil : — 
an assault; a skirmish : — a thicket ; brushwood. 

Brush, v. a. To clean, rub, or sweep with a 
brush : — to paint with a brush : — to skim lightly. 

Brush, v. n. To move with haste ; to fly over. 

Brush'er, 77. One who uses a brush. 

BrDsh'wood (briish'wud), 77. Small bushes. 

Brusii'v, a. Rough or shaggy, like a brush. 

Brusk, a. Rude ; abrupt in manner. 

Brus'tle (briis'sl), v. n. To rustle : — to vapor. 

BrO'tal, a. Like a brute ; savage ; cruel; churlish- 

BRtJ-TAL'jTY, 77. Savageness ; cruelty. 

BRtJ'TAL-lZE, V. n. To grow brutal. — v. a. To 
make brutal. 

BrO'tal-LY, ad. In a brutal manner; churlishly. 

Br(3te, a. Senseless; savage; bestial: — rough 

Br(5te,77. An irrational animai ; a beast: — savage. 

Bru'ti-FY, v. a. To make or render brutish. 

BrOt'ish, a. Bestial ; savage ; ferocious ; gross. 

BriIt'i^M, 77. The quality of a brute. 

BriJT'jsh-ness, 77. Q,uality of being brutish. 

Bru' TUM ful' MEN., [L.] A harmless thunder- 
bolt ; a loud but ineffectual menace. 

Bry'O-NY, 71. A wild, climbing plant. 

Bub, h. a cant term for strong malt liquor. 

BDb'ble, 77. A water-bladder: — any thing empty 
as a bubble ; — a cheat ; a cully. 

BDb'ble, v. n. To rise in bubbles ; to run gently. 

BiJB'BLE, V. a. To cheat ; to im|K)se upon. 

Bub'bler,?!, Heor that which bubbles: — a cheat. 

BOb'bly, a. Consisting of, or full of, bubbles. 

BDb'bv, 77. A woman's breast. [Luto.] 

B0'b5, 71. ; pi. Bij'BOE§. [L.J A tumor in the 
groin, armpit, &c. : — the horned owl. 

By-BSiv'p-CELE, 77. A kind of rupture in the groin, 

Buc'cal, a. Relating to the cheek. 

BDc-CA-NEiiR', n. [boucanier, Fr.J One of the 
pirates that formerly infested the West Indies. 

Buck, 77. Lye in which clothes are soaked and 
washed : — the male of certain animals, as deer, 
sheep, goats, &.c. : — a dashing fellow. 

Buck, v. a. To wash and soak in lye. 

Buck'bAs-ket, 77. The basket in which clothes 
are carried to the wash. 

Buck'bean, n. A sort of trefoil ; bog-bean. 

BDck'et, 77. A vessel in which water is drawn. 

Buck'ing-Stool, 77. A w<as I ling-block. 

BOc'kle, 77. An instrument for fastening dress. 

BDc'kle (buk'kl), V. a. To fasten with a buckle. 

BDck'ler, 77. A kind of shield for the arm. 

BDck'mAst, 77. The fruit of the beech-tree. 

Buck'ram, 77. A sort of stiffened linen cloth. 

Buck' ram, (7, Stiff like buckram ; precise. 

BucK'siifN, 77, Leather made of a buck's skin, 

Buck'stall, 71. A net to catch deer. 

BDck'thorn, 77. A shrub that bears catharti* 

BfJCK'wHJEAT, 71. A plant; a kind of grain. 

Bi;-c6l'ic or Bi;-c6l'?-cal, a. Pastoral. 

By-coL'ic, 77. A pastoral poem : — a pastoral poet, 

BTiD, 71. The first shoot of a plant ; germ ; gem. 

Bud, v. 71. To put forth shoots or buds. 

BDd, v. a. To inoculate, as a tree or a plant. 

BOddh' A (bo'da), 7(. An Asiatic pagan deity. 

Bl!iDDii'i!jM (bo'dtziii), 71. An Asiatic pagan re* 
ligioii, whose followers are called BudtthisLi. 

BTjd'dle, n. A frame used in washing ore. 

BOu'dle, v. a. To cleanse or wash, as ores. 

BDu(^E, v. 71. To stir ; to wag ; to move off. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, sftN; BOLL, BiJR, rOLE. — f:, G, |, Jii/l;; jC, e, C, |, /(rtrrf j S 05 Z ; :j aa" gz : THIS, 
12 ' U* 




BBdg-E, a. Stiff; siirly ; ricid ; sTi'elling. 

Bud (j^ET (bild'jet), n. A bag , a store or stock : — 
a statement of the English chancellor of the ex- 
chequer respecting the public fliiances. 

Buff, n. A sort of leather made of a bufTalo's skin: 
— a very yellow : — a military coat. 

BDf'fa-lo, 7i._[It.] A kind of wild ox See Bison. 

Bijf'fa-lo-Robe, 71. The skin of the buffalo or 
bison prepared with the hair on it. 

Buf'fer, n. An elastic cushion attached to a rail- 
road carriage for breaking the shock when one 
carriage strikes another. 

BDf'fet, n. A blow with the fist or hand ; a slap. 

Buffet', 71. [Fr.J A kind of cupboard. 

BDf'fet, v. a. To strike with the hand ; to box. 

BOf'fet, v. n. To play a boxiiig-niatch ; to box. 

Buf'fle-head'ed (buf'fl-hed'ed), a. Having a 
large liead, like a buffalo: — dull ; stupid. 

BiiF'FO, n. I It.] A comic actor in an opera. 

Buf-f66n', n. A person who makes sport by low 
jests ; a low jester ; a droll ; a mimic. 

Buf F66N'ER-y,7(. Practice of a buffoon ; low jests, 

Buff'skIn, n. The dressed skin of the buffalo 

Bus, n. A bed-bug: — an insect of various kinds. 

BDg'bear (biig'bir), n. A frightful oliject ; a false 
or imaginary terror. 

BftG's V, a. Abounding with bugs ; full of bugs. 

BDg'SY, n. A sort of chaise drawn by one horse. 

Bu'gle, 77. A shining bead of black glass: — a sort 
of wild ox : — a bugle-horn : — a plant. 

Bil'GLE-iioRN, 71. A hunting-horn. 

BO'gloss, ?!. A plant; the ox-tongue. 

Buhl (bul), 77. Ornamental furniture, inlaid with 
tortoise-shell, metals, &c. : — unburnished gold. 

BiJHR'sTONE (biir'ston), 77. A silicious stone. 

BuTLD(bild), 7). a. [?. built or BuiLDEDipp build- 
ing, BUILT or BuiLDED.] To make, as an edifice or 
fabric ; to erect ; to construct ; to raise. 

St/a. — Build a house ; raise the roof ; erect a 
monument ; construct a machine. 

Build (blld), v. n. To construct: — to depend on. 

Build (bild), 77. Structure; form; make. 

BuIld'er (bild'er), 71. One who builds. 

BuTld'ing (bild'ing), n. A fabric; an edifice. 

Bulb, 77. A round root, as of an onion, lily, ortulip. 

BUL-BA'CEOUS ('shus), a. Bulbous. 

Bulb'ed or Bulbed, a. Having bulbs ; bulbous. 

BOl-bif'er-ous, a. Bearing bulbs. 

Bul'bous, (7 Having bulbs; protuberant. 

BfiL(^E, 77. Aleak: — a protuberance. See Biloe. 

BvL(^E,v.n. Totakein wa;er: — to jut. See Bilge. 

Bu'li-mv, 77. A diseased, voracious appetite. 

BDlk, n. Magnitude ; size : — the mass ; the main 
part : — a jutting out. 

Bulk'head (bulk'hed), 77. A partition in a ship, 
between two decks. 

Bulk'! ness, 77. Greatness in bulk or size. 

BuLK'y, a. Of great size : — massy ; large. 

Syn. — A bulky vessel ; a massy shield ; massive 
silver ; a lar<re house. 

BOll, 77. The male of cattle: — the sign Taurus 
of the zodiac : — a letter or edict of the pope ; a 
seal or stamp : — a gross blunder. 

BuL'LACE, 77. A sort of wild, sour plum. 

Bul'la-rv, 77. A collection of papal bulls. 

BfJLL'-BAlT-iNG, n. A fight of bulls with dogs. 

Bull'-Calf (bul'kaQ, 77. A he-calf. 

BOll'dog, 77. A species of courageous dog. 

Bul'let, 77. A round b?.'.. of metal ; shot. 

BuL'l.E-TfN or BuL' le-tJn I bul'et-tSii, J. ./a. 
Sm. R. ; bul'et-in, F. C. tVb. ; buVtSn', P.],7i. [Fr.] 
An official account of public news or events. 

BOll'-faced (bul'fast), a. Having a large face. 

BuLL'-FlGHT, 77. A combat with a bull. 

Bull'fInch, 71. A bird of the sparrow kind. 

Bull'frog, 77. A large species of frog. 

Bull'head, 77. A fish: — a stupid fellow. 

BtJLL'lON (bul'yun) [bul'yun, W. P. ./. E. F. Ja, 
Sm. ; biil'yun, S.], 77. Gold or silver in mass. 

BUL'LpCK, 71. An OX ; a castrated bull. 

BOll'§'eye (bQlz'l), 77. (Jlrch.) A circular open- 

ing in a window : — a thick glass lens in the deck, 
&c. of a ship. 

Bull'-TroOt, 77. A large kind of trout. 

Bul'ly, 71. A noisy, quarrelsome fellow. 

Bul'ly, v. a. To overbear with menaces. 

BOl'ly, v. n. To bluster ; to threaten. 

Bul'rush,77. a large rush growing by or in water. 

BuL'TEL, 77. Bran of meal: — a bolter-cloth. 

BuL'wARK, 77. A bastion; a rampart; a. fortifica- 
tion ; a security. 

Bum, 77. The buttocks. — v. n. To make a noise. 

BDm-bai'liff, 77. An under bailiff. Shale. 

BuM'BARD, 77. See Bombard. 

Bum-bast^ 77. See Bombast. 

BuM-BE'Lo, n. A glass flask or matrass. 

BOm'ble BiJE, 77. A large bee; humblebee. 

Bum'boat, 77. A small, clumsy boat. 

Bum'kin, 77. A short bof)m in a ship. 

BOmp, 77. A swelling; a protuberance. 

BDmp, v. n. & a. To make a loud noise ; to strike. 

BDmp'er, 77. A cup or glass filled to the brim. 

BuMP'kiN, 77. A clown ; a rustic. 

Bunch, 77. A cluster; a collection ; a lump. 

Bunch, v. n. To swell out in a bunch. 

BDnch'v, a. Growing in, or full of, bunches. 

Bun'dle, 77, A parcel bound together; a roll. 

BijN'DLE, V a. To tie up m a bundle. 

Bung, 71. A stopper for a barrel or cask. 

Bung, v. o. To stop a barrel or cask. 

BuN'GA-Lowr, 77. A thatched house in India. 

Bung'hole, 77. The hole at which the barrel is 

BuN'GLE, 7). 77. To perform clumsily. 

Bun'gle, v. a. To do clumsily ; to botch. 

Bun'gle, n. A botch : — a gross blunder. 

BiJNG'LER, 71, A bad or awkward workman. 

Bung'ling, a. Clumsy; awkward. 

BuN'lON, 77. An excrescence. See Bunyon. 

B'JNK, V. A case of boards for a bed : — a piece of 
timber crossing a sled. [ U. S.] 

BuNN, 77. A kind of sweet bread ; a cake. 

BiJN'TlNE, 77. A thin woollen stuff. 

BuNT'JNG, 77. A bird : — a thin cloth or stuflT. 

BiJN'VON, 71. An excrescence or inflamed swelling 
on the ball of the great toe. 

*Bu6v (bwoy or boy) [buoy, S. JV.J. F. K. Sm. C. ; 
boy, P. E. Ja.], 77. A piece of cork or of wood, or 
an empty cask, floating on the water, to indicate 
shoals, anchoring-places, &c. 

*Buov', «. a. To keep afloat. — v. n. To float. 

*Buov'an-cy, n. Quality of being buoyant. 

*Buov'ant, a. Floating; light; elastic. 

BiJR, 77. A rough, prickly head of a plant. See Burr. 

BiJR'DEN (biir'dn), ?7. A load; what is borne; 
something grievous: — a cargo; freight: — averse 
repeated in a song. 

Syn. — Bear a burden ; carry a load. 

BiJR'DEN (biir'dn), v. a. To load ; to encumber. 

BiiR'DEN-soME, a. Heavy; grievous; severe. 

BiiR'DOCK, 71. A plant ; a troublesome weed. 

Bureau (bu-ro' or bu'ro) [bS-ro', S. JV. P. ./. E 
F Ja. K. Sm. C. ; bu'ro, JVb.], n. [Fr.j Fr. pi. 
BUREAUX ; Eng. Bu-REAU§'. A Chest of draw- 
ers ; a cabinet : — an office ; a counting-house. 

BiJR'GACjfE, 7?. (iaiTj.) A tenure proper to cities and 
towns, conferring the privileges of a burgess. 

BiiR'GA-MOT, 77. See Bergamot. 

BUr'ga-net orBiJR'GO-NET,77. A kind of helmet. 

BUR-(;tEOlS', 77. See Bourgeois. 

BiJR'ijiEss, 71. A citizen : — a representative. 

BiJR'^ES.s-RHlP, 77. The quality of a burgess. 

BiJRGH (burg), 77. A corporate town or borough. 

BiiRGH'ER (bui'S'er), 77. A freeman ; a citizen. 

BiiRGH'ER-SHiP, 71. The privilege of a burgher. 

BUrg'lar, 77. One guilty of burglary. 

Burg-la'ri-oDs, a. Relating to housebreaking. 

BiiRG-LA'Ri-Ous LY, ad. Like a burglar. 

BuRG'LA-RY,7i. (Law.) The crime of housebreak. 
ing by night, with an intent to commit felony. 

BiiRG'MOTE, 71. A borough court. 

BuR'Gp-iviSs-TER,7i. A magistrate in a Dutch city. 

A, E, I, 6, U, Y,long; X,E,I, 0, tj, i?, s/iort; A, E, ],Q,y,\', obscure. — FARE, fXR, fXsT, ALL; h£iR,11J3Ej 




Bi!R-od& ,n. (JVaiit.) Oatmeal gniel made at sea. 

BuR'GRAVE, n. A governor of a castle or town. 

Bur'gun-dy, n. Wine made in Burgundy. 

BuR'r-AL (ber'e-fil) Iber'e-fil, fV. P J. F. Sm. C. ; 
ber'yal, S. E. K. ; bur'e-al, Ja.}, n. Act of bury- 
ing ; mterment ; sepulture ; funeral. 

Syn. — Burial m a grave or the earth ; interment 
in a vault or tomb. Interment, sepulture, and 
funeral are accompanied with religious ceremonies; 
burial may or may not be. 

BO'RIN, ?i. A gravmg-tool ; a graver. 

BiJRKE, V. a. To murder in order to obtain a body 
for dissection. [Modern.] 

BiJRL, V. a. To dress cloth as fullers do. 

BiiR'LACE, n. A sort of grape. 

BiJRL'ER, n. A dresser of cloth. 

Bur LESQUE' (but-lesk'), a. Ludicrous; sportive. 

Burlesque' (bur-lesk'), n. A composition or 
piece of poetry intended to excite ridicule ; ludi- 
crous representation 

BlJR-LESQUE', V. a. To turn to ridicule. 

Bur- LET' TA, n. [It.] A comic or farcical opera. 

BiiR'Lj-NESS, n. State of being burly ; bluster. 

BiiR'LY, a. Great in size , bulky ; tumid : — loud. 

Burn, v. a. [i. burnt or bl'rned ; pp. burning, 
BURNT or BURNED.] To consumo with fire; to 
wound with fire ; to scorch. 

BiiRN, V. n. To bo on fire ; to be inflamed. 

BiJRN, n. A hurt or efTect caused by fire. 

BiiRN'A-BLE, a. That may be burnt. 

BijRM'ER, rt. A person or thing that bums. 

BiJR'NET, «. A perennial plant ; an herb. 

BiJRN'lNG, n. Inflammation ; fire : flame. 

BiJRN'lNG, a. Flaming , vehement ; powerful. 

BiJRN'iNG-GLSss, 71. A glass which condenses the 
sun's rays, and produces intense heat. 

BifR'NiSH, ?). a. To polish. — v. n. To grow bright. 

BiJR'NlsH, 7!. A gloss ; brightness. 

BiiR'NlSH-ER, n. A person or thing that burnishes. 

BiiRNT, 1. &p. From Bum. 

Burnt'-of-fer-Tng, n. An offering made by 
burning the victim upon the altar. 

BiJRR, n. The lobe or lap of the ear. See Bur. 

BDr'rel, n. A species of pear : — an insect. 

BiJR'REL-SHOT, n. A sort of case-shot. 

BOr'RQCk, n. A small wear or dam for fishing. 

BuR'ROW, n. A hole in the ground for rabbits, &c. 

BtJR'ROW, V. n. To lodge in holes in the ground. 

BuR'SAR, n. A treasurer in colleges, &c. 

BuR'SAR-SHlP, n. The office of bursar. 

BuR'SA-RY, 7!. The treasury of a college. 

BliRSE, 71. [bourse, Ft.] An exchange where mer- 
chants meet and shops are kept. 

Burst, v. n. [i. burst , pp. bursting, BURST.] To 
break or fly open or asunder ; to rupture. 

Burst, v. a. To break open suddenly. 

Burst, 7i. A sudden disruption ; a rupture. 

BtiRT, 71. A small flat fish of the turbot kind. 

BuR-THE.N (biir'thn), n. A load. See Burden. 

BuR'TO^f (biir'tn), n. A small tackle in a ship. 

Bu'RY, n. [beurre, Fr.] A delicate pear. 

fBuR'v (ber'e), n. A dwelling-place : — a termina- 
tion still added to the names of several places. 

Bur' V (ber'e) [ber'e, S. IV. J P. E. F. K. Sm. R. C. ; 
bQr'e, Ja.], v. a. To put into a grave; to cover 
with earth ; to inter with funeral rites ; to en- 
tomb : — to hide ; to conceal. 

Bur'y-ing (ber'e-Tng), 71. Burial ; sepulture. 

Bur'v-ing-Place (bSr'-), n. A place of burial. 

BOsH, 71. A thick shrub : — a bough of a tree. 

BOsh'ei,, 77. A dry measure, containing 8 gallons. 

BOsu'el-a^e, 71. A duty payable on every bushel. 

BOsil'l-Niiss, n. The quality of being bushy. 

BOsn'v, a. Thick like a bush ; full of bushes. 

Bu!j'l-LV (biz'e-le), ad. In a busy manner. 

Business ('biz'nes), n. That which one does for a 
livelihood; employment; a.n affair ; engagement; 
concern ; trade : — a point. 

BDsK, 71. A piece of steel or whalebone, worn by 
women to strengthen the stays. 

BDs'KET, 7i. A collection of shrubs ; a bush. 

Bus'KiN, 71. A kind of half boot: — a high sho« 

worn by the ancient actors of tragedy. 
Bus'KiNED f bils'kind), a. Dressed in buskins. 
Bus'ky, a. Wixidy ; shaded with woods. 
Buss, 77. A kiss : — a boat for fishing. 
Buss, V. a. To kiss. Sliak. [Low.] 
BOsT, n. A statue of the human figure as far down 

as the breast. 
Bus'tard, 77. A large bird of the turkey kind. 
BOs'tle (bus'sl), V. n. To be busy or active. 
BDs'TLE (bas'sl), 77. A tumult ; hurry ; stir. 
Bus'tler, 77. An active, stirring man. 
Bu§'Y (biz'e), a. Employed with earnestness ; ac 

live; officious, bustling, troublesome. 
Bu^'y (biz'e), V. a. To make busy ; to employ. 
Bu§'y-b6d-y (biz'e-bod-e), 7i. A meddling person. 
BDt, co/ij. Except; except that; besides, unless; 

yet , now , otherwise than that. 
But, prep. Except. — ad. Only ; no more than. 
But, 71. A boundary ; a limit ; the end of a thing. 
BOt, v. 71. To touch at one end ; to abut. 
BuTcH'ER, 7i. One who kills animals for food. 
BUtch'er, 7;. a. To kill and dress lor food ; to 

slaughter : — to murder. 
BDtch'er-ly, a. Cruel , bloody. 
BOtch'er V, n. Tho trade of a butcher ; slaugh- 
ter ; carnage : — the place where animals are 

But'-end, n. The blunt end of any thing. 
But'ler, 77. A servant intrusted with liquors, &c. 
BuT'LER-A9E,n. Duty on wine imported, formerly 

paid to tho king of England's butler. 
BOt'ler-ship, 71. The office of a butler. 
BuT'MENT, 71. The support of an arch ; abutment 
Butt, 77. A mark ; a push ; an object of ridicule ; 

a blow : — a cask containing two hogsheads. 
Butt, v. a. To strike with tho head, as a ram. 
BOt'ter, n. An oily substance, obtained by chum. 

ing cream ; any substance resembling butter. 
BDt'ter, I), a. To spread with butter. 
But'ter-bOmp, 77. The bittern ; a heron. 
BOt'ter-cDp. 7i. The crow's-foot ; ayellow flower. 
But'ter-fly, 77. A beautiful winged insect. 
BOt'ter-is, 77. A tool for paring a horse's foot. 
BDt'ter-milk, 77. Whey of churned cream. 
BfiT'TER-NUT, 77. A tree and its fruit ; oilnut. 
But'ter-print, 7!. A stamp to mark butter. 
BuT'TER-TOOTH, 77. A large, broad foro-tooth. 
BiJt'ter-y, a. Having the appearance of butter. 
But'ter-y, 71. A room for provisions ; pantry. 
BOt'tock, 77. The rump. 
BiJt'ton (biit'tn), 71. A knob or catch for fasten. 

ing clothes ; a round mass of metal : — tho bud o( 

a plant : — sea-urchin. 
BiJT'TON (but'tn), V. a. To fasten with buttons. 
But'ton-hole, 71. A hole to admit a button. 
BuT'TON-MAK.ER, 71. One wlio makes buttons. 
BuT'TON-wooD (wiid), 77. The sycamore-tree. 
BDt'tress, v. a. To support ; to prop. 
BOt'tress, 77. An abutment or external support 

to a wall ; a shore ; a prop ; a support. 
Bu-ty-ra'ceous (bu-te-ra'shus) [bu-te-ra'shus, F. 

Sm. R. , but-e-ra'shus,' P. K. C. Wb.]', a. Having 
jhe qualities of butter. 
Bu'tyr-ine, 71. Oleaginous matter in butter. 
Bux'pM, a. Gay ; lively ; brisk ; wanton ; jolly. 
Bux'OM-LY, ad. Wantonly ; amorously. 
BOx'OM-NESS, 77. Gayety ; amorousness. 
Buy (bi), v. a. [i. bought ; pp. buying, bought.) 

To obtain or to acquire by paying a price ; to pur- 
chase , to bargain for. 
Buy (bi), V. n. To treat about a purchase. 
BUY'ER (bi'er), 7i. One who buys; a purchaser. 
\M'iZ7., V. n. To hum like bees ; to whisper. 
Buzz, V. a. To spread by whispers or secretly. 
Bijzz, 71. The noise of bees ; a whisper. 
BDz'zard, 77. A species of hawk : — a dunce ; a 

Buzz'ER, 71. A secret whisperer. 
By (bi or be) [bi or bo, fV. Sm. ; bi or by, S. J. ; bl, 

P. F.Ja.K. C], prep. At; in; near; for. — It 

.iiEN.siR; m6ve,nor,s6n5 bOll, BUR, rOle. — 9, 9, g, so/t; ;e, «, q, |, Aard; ^asz■, }f.a3gz: Tina 




denotes tlie agent, way, or means ; as, " [.'erfornied 
by you." 

fef, ad. Near ; beside ; passing ; in presence. 

By or BvE, n. Something not tlie direct and im- 
mediate object of regard ; as, " by the by, or bye." 

Bv (ill composition) implies something out of the 
direct way ; irregular ; collateral ; private ; as, a 
by-lane, a by-road, a by-path, a by-corner. 

By'-and-By' (i)i'find-bi'), ad. In a short time. 

By'ARD, n. A leather strap across the breast, used 
by men who draw sledges in coal-mines. 

By'-isnd, n. Private advantage ; self-interest. 

By'Gone, a. Gone by ; past. 

By'-Law, n. A private rule or order of a society. 

Bv'-Name, n. A nickname. 

Bv'-PAST, a. Past , gone by. SJiaJc. 

By '-Path, n. A private ov obscure path. 

Byre, n. A cow-house. [Local, £«^.] 

Bys'sine, a. Made of silk or fine linen. 

Bis'sus,n. [L.J Cotton. — (/c/t.) Atuftofhaiis 
by which some Ehell-fish are attached to rocks. 

By'-Stanp-er, K. A looker-on ; a spectator. 

By'-Vievv (bi'-vu), r... Self-interested purpose. 

By '-Way, n. A private and obscure way. 

Bv'-WlPE, n. A secret stroke or sarcasm. 

Bv'WORD (bl'wUrd), n. A common saying ; a pass- 
ing wordj a proverb : — a reproach. See Axiom. 

Biz'AN-TiNE, a. Belonging to Byzantium. 


Cthe third letter of the alphabet, has two sounds ; 
; one hard, like k, before a, o, u, also before I 
and r ; the other soft, like s, before e, i, and y. 
CAB, n. A Hebrew measure of nearly three pints. 
Cabal', n. A junto or small body of men united 
to effect some sinister purpose : — intrigue. 

Syn. — Cabal differs from party ox faction, as few 
from many. 
Ca-bAl', v. n. To form close intrigues. 
CXb'a-la, n. I It.J Jewish or rabbinical tradition ; 

secret science. 
CXb' AL -l§M, n. The science of the cabalists. 
Cab'al-Tst, n. One skilled in Jewish traditions. 
CXb-a Lis'Tlc, )a. Relating to the cabala; 
Cab-a-lis'ti-cal, I secret; occult. 
CXB-A-L'is'Ti-CALi.Y,ad. In a cabalistic manner. 
Ca-bXl'LER, n. One who cabals ; an intriguer. 
CAb'al-line, a. Belonging to a horse. 
Cab' A-RET (kab'a-ra or kab'a-ret) [kab'a-ra, S. 
Jo. Sm, , kab'?-ret, J. F. K.], n. I Fr.J A tavern. 
CXb'bac^e, n. A genus of edible plants. 
CXb'ba(j>E, V n. To form a head, as a plant. 
Cab'ba(^e, v. a. To steal in cutting clothes. 
CXb'in, n. A room : — a small house , a cottage : — 

an apartment in a ship for the officers, &c. 
CXb'in-Boy, n, A waiting-boy in a ship. 
CXb'i-net, 71. A closet t — a set of boxes and 
drawers- — a room in which consultations are 
held; — the collective body of ministers of state 
who conduct the government of a country. 
CXB'i-NET-CbtiN'ciL, n. A council of state. 
CXb'i-net-Mak'er, n. Maker of fine wood-work. 
Ca'ble, n. A large rope or chain by which the 

anchor of a ship js held. 
Ca'ble D (ki'bld), a. Fastened with a cable. 
Ca bob', V a. To roast meat in a certain mode. 
Ca-BOOSE', n. (JVawf,) The cook room of a ship. 
Ca-b6shed' (ka bo.sht'), a. (Her.) Represented 

as the head of an animal cut close. 
CXb Rl-OLE', n. See Capriole. 
Cab' Ri-o-LET {k-iti're-o-la.'), n. [Fr.] A one- 
horse chaise or vehicle : —often shortened to cab. 
Ca'CAO (ka'ko), n. See Cocoa. 
CXch'a lot, n. (Teh.) The spermaceti whale. 
C;5f«^E (kash), 71. (Fr.) A hole dug in the ground 

for concealing and preserving goods or luggage. 
Ca-bhec'tic or Ca-£Hec'T!-cal, a. Ill in body. 
Ckp/fET (kash'a),' 71. |Fr.] A seal ; a private 

letter: — a state letter depriving one of liberty. 
Ca-£HEx'y [ka-kek'se, P. Ja. K. Sm. C. fVb. ; 

kak'ek-se, JV. J. F.], n. Ill state of body. 
Cabh-'in-na'tion, n. A loud laughter. [«.] 
Ca-ciq'ue' (ka-s5k'), «• (Fr.J See Cazique. 
Cac'kle, v. n. To make a noise like a hen, &c. 
CXc'kle, 71. The voice or noise of a hen or goose. 
CXcK'LER, 71. A fowl that cackles ; a tattler. 
CXc'O-ehym-Y, 71. Ill state of the humors. 
CXc-0-de'mon, n. An evil spirit. 
CAC-'o-&THEif, n. [L.J (Med.) _ An incurable 
ulcer : — a bad custom ; a bad habit. 

Ca-c9g'ra-phy, n. Bad writing or spelling. 

CA-c6PH'p-NY,'n. A bad sound of words ; discord. 

CXc'p-TEiJH-NY, n. A corruption of art. 

Ca-c6t'ro-phy, n. Vicious nutrition. 

Cac'tus, n. [L.] L. pi. cac'tj; Eng. cXc'- 
Tus-E$. (Bot.) A genus of tropical plants. 

CXd, 71. A boy that attends an omnibus. 

Ca-dXv'er-ous, a. Like a dead body ; ghastly. 

Cad'd|s, 71. A kind of tape; — a worm or grub. 

CXd'dow (kad'do), n. A chough or jackdaw. 

CXd'dy, 7!. A small box for tea. 

Cade, a. Tame ; bred by hand ; as, a cade Iamb. 

Cade, n. A cask ; a herring-barrel. 

CA'de.nce, n. The fall of the voice as the sentence 
draws to its close, in reading or .speaking ; modu- 
lation: — tone or sound. 

Ca'dent, a. Falling down. Shale. 

CA-DEN'zA,n. [It.] (Mus.) A fall of the voice. 

CA-DijT', 71. [Fr.] A younger brother: — a volun- 
teer in the army : — a pupil in a military school. 

CXDCjtE, 71. a. To carry a burden. [Local.] 

Ca' Dl (^ka'de), n. [Ax.] A judge among the Turks. 

Cad-me'an, a. Relating to Cadmus. 

Ca-dv'c'eus (ka-dii'shus), n. [L.] Mercury's 

Ca-du'ci-TY, 77. Frailty ; tendency to fall. 

C^E'c7-4,s (se'she-as), 7!. [L.] A north-east wind. 

CjE'rOle, a. See Cerule and Cerulean. 

CJE-?u'R4 (se-zu'ra), n. [L.] (Prosody.) A met- 
rical breaK in a verse or line, occasioned bv tli<> 
separation of the first syllable of a foot, forming 
the last of a word, from the next sjllabie, forming 
the first of another, as in the following line : 
I sing the sofa, | I who lately sang. 

Cje-§u'RAL (se-zu'ral), a. Relating to the caesura. 

Cafe (ki{'si),'n. [Fr.] Coflee : — a cofl'ee-house. 

Caf-fe'ic, a. (Chem.) Derived from coffee. 

Caf-TaN' , n. A Persian or Turkish garment. 

CX&, 77. A small barrel or cask ; a keg. See Keg. 

Ca^e, 71. An enclosure for birds or beasts. 

Cage, v. a. To enclose in a cage. 

Ca'icox CA-tQVE',n. [Fr.] A skiff of a galley. 

Cail, 71. See Kale. 

Cai'man (ka'man), n. The alligator ; cayman. 

Cairn' (kirn), Ti. A heap of stones. 

Caisson' (ka-s6n') [ka-son', P. E. F. Sm ; ka'- 
es-son, Ja.], n. [Fr.J A chest of bombs or pow- 
der ; a wooden case or frame. 

Cai'tiff, 71. A moan villain ; a knave. 

CAl'TiFF, a. Base ; knavish ; servile. 

CXj'e-pijt, 7t. A volatile East India oil. 

Ca-j6le', v. a. To flatter ; to coax ; to deceive. 

Ca-j6l'ER, 71. One who cajoles ; a flatterer. 

Ca-j5l'ER-y, 7!. Flattery ; wheedling ; deceit. 

Cake,, n.' A kind of delicate bread ; — a mass. 

Cake, v. a. To form into cake. — «. n. To harden. 

Cal'A-Bash, n. A species of large gourd. 

CXl-a-mXn'co, n. A kind of woollen stuff. 

CXl-A-mTf'er-oOs, a. Producing reeds. 
CXl'a-mIne, 71. Native carbonate of zinc. 

l,E,i,o, v,%long;:i,t,'l,6,ti,i, short; A,-E,i,Q,v,'i,obscure.--EkR^,ie-AR,TXST,ki.i.-,iiti-R,ii)tni 




CA-lXm'i-IOCs, a. Full of calamity ; miserable ; 

distressing ; unfortunate ; adverse. 
Ca-lam'i-tous-Ness, n. Distress ; calamity. 
Ca-lAm'J-tv, n. Misfortune ; distress ; disaster 
Syn. — A public calamity ; a grievous misfortune ; 

a melancholy disaster ; a slight mischance or 

CXl'a-mOs, n. [L.] cXl'a-mI ; Eng. cXl'- 

A-MiJS-E§. A sort of reed ; a sweet-scented 

wood. — (Bot.) A genus of palms. 
Ca-lash', n. An open carriage : — a head-dress. 
CXl'car, n. [L.] A calcinating furnace in glass- 
works. — (Bot.) A spur or horn. 
Gal-ca're-ous, a. Partaking of chalk or lime. 
CXL'CA-val' I.A, n. A kind of Lisbon wine. 
Cal'ce-at-ed (kal'she-at-ed), a. Shod. 
CiL'CE-DO-Ny, n. See Chalcedony. 
Cal-ci'na-ble or Cal'ci-na-ble [kal'se-na-bl, 

'ja.K. ; kal-si'n?-bl, Sm. C. ; kal-sin'a-bl, ifb.], a. 

That may be calcined or reduced to powder. 
CSl'ci-NATE, c. a. To calcine. 
CXl>-ci-NA'TlON, n. Act of pulverizing by fire. 
CAL-cm'A-T<?-RY [kal-sin'fi-tiir-e, fV. P. Ja. K. 

Sm. C. i kal'sin-a-tur-e, S. fVb.], n. A vessel 

used in calcination. 
*Cal-cine' [kal-sin', S. W. P. J.E. F. Ja. K. Sm. ; 

kai'sjn, JVb.], V. a. To reduce to powder by heat : 

— to expel carbonic acid. 

*Cal-cine', v. n. To become a calx by heat. 

CIL'ci-Cm, n. The metallic base of lime. 

Cj5iL-c6g'ra-PHY, n. See Chalcography. 

CAL,c'-SiN'TER,7i. Calcareous deposit in springs. 

Cal'cu-l^-ble, a. That may be computed. 

Cai.'cv-LATE, v. a. To compute ; to reckon. 

Syn. — Calculate, reckon, and count respect 
mostly the future ; compute, tlie past. The as- 
tronomer calculates ; the chronologist computes ; 
the accountant reckons. 

Cal'cv-LATE, v. n. To make a computation. 

CXl-cu-la'tion, n. A computation ; a reckoning. 

Cal'CU-la-tive, a. Belonging to calculation. 

Cal'cv-la-tor, n. A computer ; a reckoner. 

CXl'cu-l^-to-ry, a. Belonging to calculation. 

CXl-cu-l6se' or CAl'CLI-loOs, a. Stony ; gritty. 

CaZ'cu-ZVS, n. ; pi. CAL'CIJ-LI. [L.] {Med.) 
A calcareous concretion in the bladder ; the stone. 

— (Math.) A method of computation. 
Cal'dron, n. A pot ; a boiler ; a large kettle. 
Cal-e-fa'cient, a. Making warm or hot. 
Cal-e-fXc'tion, 71. Tlie act ot heating. 
CAL-E-FAC'TlVE,a. That makes hot ; calefactory. 
Cal-e-fac'to-ry, a. That heats ; heating. 
Cal'e-fy,». 7J. To grow hot. — v. a. To make hot. 
Cal'en-dar, 71. A yearly register ; an almanac. 

Syn. — The words calendar, almanac, and ephem- 
eris denote date-books for the current year. Al- 
manac is properly a divider of time by the year, 
calendar by the month, and ephemeris by the day. 
An annual almanac, church calendar, nautical 

Cal'en-dar, v. a. To enter in a calendar. 

Cal'en-dee, v. a. To dress cloth by hot-pressing. 

Cal'en-der, ji. A hot-press ; an engine to calen- 
der ; a calendrer: — an Eastern dervise. 

Cal'en-drer, 78. One who calenders ; a calender. 

Cal'end^, 71. p^ \calendm, L.] The first days of 
every month in the ancient Roman calendar. 

Cal'en-ture, n. A furious delirium or distemper 
incident to sailors in hot climates. 

CA-Lii.s'cENCE, 71. Act of growing hot. 

Calf (kilf), n. ; pi. CALVEij (kivz). The young 
of a cow : — a dolt : — the thick part of the leg. 

CXl'i-BER or CXl'I-BRE (kal'e-bur), n. [calibre, 
Fr.j The bore of a gun: — capacity of mind; 
size : — sort or kind. 

CXl'ice (kal'js), 71. A cup. See Chalice. 

CXl'!-c6, n. ; pi. cXl'i-coe.^. A printed cotton 
cloth or fabric, coarser than muslin. 

tCXL'iu, a. Hot ; burning. 

fCA-LiD'j-TY or tC'AL'iD-Nfis.s, 71. Intense heat. 

CXl'i-dDct, 71. A pipe to convey heat ; a stove. 

Ca'LIF, n. See Caliph. 
Cal-i-ga'tion, n. Darkness ; cloudiness. 
Ca-lTcj^'i-noDs, a. Obscure ; dim ; dark. 
CA-LT^-'i-NOUS-Niiss, 71. Darkness ; obscurity. 
Ca-L1G'ra-phv, n. See Calligraphy. 
CXl'i-per§, 71. pi. Compasses with bowed shanks, 
Ca'LIPH, 71. A successor or vicar: — a title of tho 

successors of Mahomet among the Saracens. 
Cal'iph-ate, 71. The government of a caliph. - 
CXL-ls-THiJN'ic, a. Relating to calisthenics. 
CXl-is-then'ics, n. pi. Exercise for health, 

strength, or elegance. 
CXl'i-ver, 71. A hand-gun; an arquebuse. 
Ca'LIX or CXl'ix [ka'ljx, P. fVb. Rees ; kal'ix, 

Sm.E.],n. [L.] A cup ; a flower-cup. SeeCALYx. 
Calk (kawk), v. a. To stop or stuff, as the seams 

between planks in a ship. 
Calk'er (kawk'er), 7i. One who calks: — calkin. 
Calkin (kal'kjn or kawk'in), 71. A prominence 

in a horseshoe, to prevent slipping : — written also 

calker, cawker, and cork. 
Calk'ing-Tr-on (kawk'jng-i-urn), 71. A chisel 

used in calking ships. 
Call, v. a. To name ; to summon ; to convoke. 
Syn. — Call a servant, bid him come ; siimmon 

a witness ; convoke an assembly. — There was a 

king of Judaea named Herod, improperly called the 

Call, v. n. To cry out : — to make a short visit. 
Call, 71. An address ; a summons ; a demand ; a 

divine vocation ; a calling : — a short visit. 
Cal'la, 71. (Bot.) A genus of plants. 
Call'er, 71. One who calls. 
jCal'let, 71. A trull or a scold. 
JCXl'let, v. n. To rail ; to scold. 
CXl'lid, a. Crafty ; shrewd, [is.] 
CAL-LlD't-TY or CXl'lid-ness, 77. Craftiness. 
CXl-li-GrXph'ic, a. Relating to calligraphy. 
CAL-Lle'RA-PHY, 71. Beautiful writing. 
Call'ing, 71. Vocation ; profession ; trade ; a call. 
CXl-LJ-pAsh', ) 71. Terms of cookery in dressing 
Cal-lj-pee', \ a turtle. 
Cal-l6s']-ty, 71. A hard swelling without pain. 
CXl'lot, 71. A cap. See Calotte. 
Cal'lous, a. Hard ; indurated ; insensible. 
CXl'lous-ness, 71. Hardness ; insensibility. 
CXl'low (kal'lo), a. Unfledged; naked. 
CAL'zus,n. [L.] An induration ; a hardness. 
Calm (kim), a. tiuiet ; serene ; undisturbed ; un.- 

ruffled ; tranquil ; sedate ; composed. 
Calm (kani), n. Serenity ; quiet ; repose ; peace. 
Calm (kilm), v. a. To still ; to pacify ; to quiet. 
Calm'ly (kiini'le), ad. Serenely; quietly. 
Calm'ness (kam'nes),7i. Tranquillity; mildness. 
Calm'y (kim'e), a. Calm ; quiet. Pope. 
CXl'<)-mel, 71. A chloride of mercury. 
Ca-l6r'ic, 71. (Chcm.) The principle which pro- 
duces the sensation of heat ; heat. 
CaL-p-rif'ic, a. Causing heat ; heating. 
CXl-o-rim'e-ter, 71. An instrument to measure 

Ca-l6r-]-mo'tor, n. A form of the voltaic appa- 
ratus to produce intense heat. 
C^-ioTTJE' (ka-lof), 71. [Fr.] A cap or coif of hair. 
Cal'o-type, 71. A photogenic drawing obtained 

by the action of light on certain salts of silver. 
Ca-lov'er, 71. A monk of tlie Greek church. 
Cal'trop, ) 71. A military instrument made with 
CXl'thrqp, \ four spikes : — a kind of thistle. 
CXl'i;-Met, 71. An Indian pipe ; emblem of peace. 
Ca-lijm'ni-ate,?;. a. To accuse falsely ; to slander; 

to asperse ; to vilify ; to traduce ; to defame. 
Ca-lum-N!-a'ti<)N, 71. False accusation ; slander. 
CA-LtJM'NJ-A-TQR, 71. A slanderer. 
CA-LfjM'Ni-A-Tp-RY, ) a. Containing calumny; 
cA-LuM'Ni-oDs, ( slanderiMis. 

CXl'ijm-ny, 71. A false acciisatiiui maliciously 

made ; abuse ; slander ; defamation. 
Calve (kilv), v. n. To bring forlh a calf. 
CAL'viN-iijM,77. The doctrine or system of Calvin. 
CXtj'viN-TsT, 71. An adiicrent to Calvinism. 

MiENjSiRj MOVE, NOR,s6nj bOll,bUr,rCle. — 9,9, g,so/£,- £!,jG,£,g,/iarrf; §aiz; ^(.asgz: THIS. 




CXl-VIN-is'TIC, ) a. Relating or adhering to 
CXL-VlN-ls'Ti-CAL, \ Calvin or Calvinism. 
Calx,'h. [L.] L. pi. c;ii'c£^s- ,- Eng. cXlx'e?. 
Lime or challi ; an eartlily substance left after 
Cal'y-cle (kal'e-kl), n. A row of leaflets. 
Ca' LVX or CaL' VX, n. fL.] L. pi. CAZ' v-CE? ; 

Eng. cal'yx-e§. {Bot.) A fiowei-cup. 
Ca-Ma'ieO (kj-ma'yu), n. A cameo. 
CXm'ber, ?i. {Jlrch.) An arch on a beam. 
CXm'Bist, n. A person skilled in exchanges. 
CXM'Bi-CfM, 71. [L.] {Bot.) A viscid secretion. 
CXmb'let, n. See Camlet. 
Cam'brel, n. A crooked stick or piece of iron to 

hang meat on ; gambrel. 
Cam'bric, n. Fine white linen or cotton, used 

for rutlies, &c. 
Came, i. From Come. 

Cam'el, n. A large quadruped : — a machine. 
Ca-mEl'o-paed or CXm'el-o-pard [kfl-inel'o- 
pard, W. P. Ja. ; kam'el-o-pard, S. K. 'Sm. Wb.], 
n. A tall African animal ; the giraffe. 
CXm'e-o, 71. ; pi. cXm'e-os. A kind of onyx : — 
a precious stone, or shell, having imitative designs 
engraved on it m bass-relief. 
Cam-e-RA-lTs'TICS, n. pi. [cameralist, Ger., finan- 
cier.] The science of public finance. 
CAM'E-RA-OB-scu'RA,n. [L.] An Optical ma- 
chine, used in a darkened room, for throwing im- 
ages of extenial objects upon a plane surface. 
Cam'e-RATe, D. a. To ceil or vault. [R.] 
Cam-e-ra'tion, n. A vaulting or arching. [R.] 
CXm-i-sade', n. [Ft.] Same as camisado. 
CAM-i-sA'DO fkam-e-sa'do, S. TV. P. Sm. ; kam-e- 

sa'do, Ja.], n. An attack made in the dark. 
CXm'I.eTj n. A stuff made of wool, or hair, silk, &c. 
CXm'o-MILE, n. An odoriferous plant. 
Ca'MOIJS, c. Flat ; depressed : — used of the nose. 
CXmp, n. The ground or order of tents ; a place of 

the encamping of an army. 
Camp, v. n. See Encamp. 

CXm-paign' (kam-pan'), n. A large, open coun- 
try : — the time an army keeps the field in one 
Cam-paign', v. n. To serve in a campaign. 
Cam-PAIGN'ER (kam-pan'er), re. An old soldier. 
Cam-Pan'!-f6rm, a. Having the shape of a bell. 
CaM-pa-n5l'o-Q^y, n. The art of ringing bells. 
Cam-pXn'u-la, m. [L.J {Bot.) The bell-flower. 
Cam-Pan'u-late, a. Canipaniform ; bell-shaped. 
Cam-pes'tral, a. Growing in fields. 
CX-M-PiiiiNE', ?(. Pure oil of turpentine. 
CXm'piiqr, n. A resin, or concrete, fragrant juice 

of a tree : — formerly written camphire. 
Cam'pho-r^te, ) a. Impregnated with cam- 
CXm'pho-rat-ed, j phor. 
Cam-PIIor'ic, a. Containing camphor. 
CXm'phor-Treij, n. A tree found in Borneo, &c. 
CXmp'ing, 71. The act of playing at foot-ball. 
Can, n. A metal cup or vessel for liquors. 
CXn, v. n. [i. COULD.] To be able. — It is used in 

forming the potential mood ; as, " I can do it." 
Ca-NAILLE' (ka-nal'), re. [Fr.] The lowest of 
the people ; the dregs of the people ; lees ; dregs. 
Ca-nal', re. A water-course made by art ; a pas- 
sage ; a conduit:— a duct in the body of an 
CXn'al-Coal [kan'al-kol, P. E. Ja. Sm. ; ken'jl- 

kol, J. jy.], re. A kind of coal ; cannel-coal. 
Ca-na'ry, n. Wine brought from the Canaries ; 

sack: — an old dance. 
Ca-na'ry-Bird, n. A singing-bird. 
CXn'cel, v. a. To blot out; to eff"ace ; to obliter- 
ate ; to erase ; to annul ; to repeal ; to abolish. 
Can-cel-la're-ate, a. Relating to a chancellor. 
CXn'cel-la r-ED, a. Cross-barred, like network. 
CXn-cel-la'tion, re. Act of expunging. 
CXn'cer, m. a crab-fish : — the fourth sign (Crab) 
in the zodiac, that of the summer solstice. — (Med.) 
. A scirrhous, livid tumor terminating in an ulcer. 
Can'cer-ate, v. n. To become a cancer. 

CXn-cer-a'TION, re. Act of growing cancerous. 
CXn'cer-OUS, a. Having the qualities of a cancel 
CXn'cer-oiis-ness, re. State of being cancerous. 
CXn'cri-form, a. Like a cancer ; cancerous. 
CXn'crJne, a. Having the qualities of a crab. 

Can-de-la' BRUM, n. [L.J L. pi. can-de-la'- 
BRA ; Eng. cXn-de-la'brvm§. a branched 
CXn'dent, a. Hot ; glowing with heat. 

CXn' DID, a. Fair ; open ; frank ; ingenuous. 

Syn. — Candid remark ; fair statement ; open 
countenance ; frank manner ; ingenuous disposition. 

Can'di-date, re. A competitor; one who pro- 
poses himself, or is proposed, for some station. 

Can'did-LY, ad. In a candid manner ; fairly. 

CXn'did-Ness, re. Ingenuousness ; candor. 

CXn'dLe, n._ A light made of tallow, &c. ; a light. 

Can'dle-Hold-er, re. A holder of a candle. 

Can'dle-light, re. The light of a candle. 

CXn'dle-MAS, 11. The feast cf the purification of 
the Virgin Mary, Feb. 2, celebrated with lights. 

CXN'DLE-STiCK,re. An instrument to hold candles. 

CXn'dor, re. [L.J A disposition or feeling free 
from prejudice ; frankness ; openness ; fairness. 

Can'dy, v. a. To conserve, as sugar, or with sugar. 

Can'dy, v. n. To grow congealed. 

CXn'dv, re. A conserve of sugar; a sweetmeat. 

Cane, re. Areed: — sugar-cane: — a walking-staff 

Cane, v. a. To beat with a cane. 

Cane'BRAke, n. A thicket of canes. 

CA-Nic'u-LA,n. [L.J Sirius ; the dog-star. 

Ca-nic'u-lar, a. Belonging to tlie dog-star. 

Ca-nine', a- ' Relating to or like a dog. 

CXn'is-TER, re. A b„x for tea, &c. : — a small basket. 

CXNk'ER"(kang'ker), n. An eating or corroding 
humor : — corrosion : — a disease in trees. 

CXnk'er, v. re. To grow corrupt; to decay. 

CXnk'er, v. a. To corrupt ; to corrode ; to infect. 

Cank'ered (kang'kerd), a. Crabbed ; morose. 

Cank'er-oijs, a. Corroding like a canker. 

Cank'er-worm (-wiirm), n. An insect or sort of 
small caterpillar. 

CaN'na-bine, a. Pertaining to hemp ; hempen. 

CAN'NEL-CoAL,re. Ahard bituminous coal, which 
burns with a bright flame. 

CXn'ni-bal, n. A man wlio eats human flesh. 

CAN'Ni-BAL-i§M, 71. The eating of human flesh. 

CXn'non, re. A military engine for projecting balls ; 
a great gun for batteiy, &.c. 

Can-non-ade', v. a. To attack with great guns. 

CXn-non-ade', re. An attack with cannon. 

Can'non-Ball, ) re. A ball for a cannon or a 

CXn'NON-ShoT, ( great gun. 

CXn-non-eeR', re. One who manages cannon. 

Can'non-PROof, a. Proof against cannon. 

Can'not, v. re. To be unable: — a word com- 
pounded of care and not, noting inability. 

CXn'NU-LAR, a. Hollow like a bamboo or tube. 

Ca-n6e' (ka-no'), n. An Ind.ian boat made of bark 
or a hollowed tree ; a small boat. 

Can'ON, re. A rule or law, especially in ecclesias- 
tical matters : — the received books of Holy Scrip- 
ture : — a dcrgymnn or dignitary in a cathedral. — 
Canon laxo, a coUe^ti. n of ecclesiaftical laws. 

CXn'on-ess, re. A woman possessed of a prebend. 

Ca-n5n'I-cal, a. Included in the canon ; regular. 

CA-NON'i-CAL-LY, ad. In a canonical manner. 

CA-NON'i-CAL-NiiSS, re. State of being canonical, 

CA-NON'i-CAL?, n. pi. Full dress of a clergyman. 

CA-NON'i-CATE^ re. The oflice of a canon. 

CXn-on-T^'i-TY, re. State of oeing canonical. 

CXn'on-ist, re.' A man versed in canon law. 

CXN-ON-is'Tic, a. Belonging to a canonist. 

CXn-on-i-Za'tion, n. The act of making a saint 

CXN'oN-izE,u. a. To declare or enroll one a saint. 

Can'qn-ry, \n. Officeofacanon : — a beuftice 

CXn'qn-spiIp, i in a cathedral or collegiate churcli 

CXn'q-py, re. A covering over a throne or bed, or 
over the head ; a tester: — a projecting moulding. 
Can'O-py, v. a. To cover with a canopy. 
Ca-n6'r6vs (125), a. Musical ; tuneful. 

A, E, I, 5, 0, Y, long ; a, E, ^, 6, V, i, short ; A, E, I, p, V, V, obscure.— FkRB, FAR,rAST, ALL; HEIR UEK, 




CXttt, n. A comipt dialect ; a whining, affected 

manner of speech ; slang : — a toss ; a throw. 
Cant, v. n. To speak whiningly or affectedly. 
Cant, v. a. Tosell by auction : — to toss ; to turn. 
Can'ta-loupe, 71. A small muskmelon. 
C<in-Ta'ta [kjn-ta'ta, S. W. P. J. E. F. Sm. C. ; 

k^n-fa't^, Ja. K.], n. [It.J A poem set to music. 
Can-t£en', 11. A vessel for caiTying liquors. 
CXnt'er, n. One who cants : — an easy gallop. 
CSn'xer, v. n. Togallop easily or gently. 
Can'ter-bur-Y-Tale,?;. a fabulous story. 
Can' TJSA-Rjts, n. ; pi. can-thar' i-de^. [L.] 

Spanish flies, used for blistering. 
Can' THUS, n. [L.] {Anat.) The comer of the eye. 
Can'TI-cle,k. a song ; canto: — Song of Solomon. 
CAN-Ti-L.E'vER,n. (^Arch.) A bracket or projection 

which supports a cornice, moulding, &c. 
CXn-til-la'tion, m. a chanting or singing. 
Cant'ing-ly, ad. In a canting manner. 
CXn'tle, n. [A fragment, Slmk.] A protuberant 

part of a saddle behind. 
Cant'let, n. A piece ; a fragment. 
Can'to,k. [It.] -P;. cXn'to§. a part or section 

of a poem : — a treble part in music. 
Can'tqn, n. A division of a country : — a clan. 
Can'ton, v. a. To divide into little parts : — to 

allot quarters to troops. 
Can'tqn-ize, v. a. To divide into small districts. 
CAN'TQN-MisNT, n. Quarters for soldiers. 
Can-t66n', n. A kind of fustian. 
CXn'ty, a. Cheerful ; talkative. \ Local, En/r.] 
' CXn'vas, n. A coarse linen or hempen cloth for 

sails, tents, &c. : — the sails of a ship. 
CXn'vass, v. a. To sift ; to examine ; to debate : 

— to solicit, as votes of electors. 
CXn'vass, v. n. To solicit votes. 
CXn'vass, n. An examination : — solicitation. 
CXn'vass-er, m. One who canvasses. 
Ca'ny, a. Full of canes ; consisting of canes. 
Can-zo'ne, ?i. [It.J (Mils.) A lyric poem: — a 

song or air in two or three parts. 

CXn-ZQ-NET', n. [canzonetta, It.] A little song. 

Caoutchouc (ko'chuk), n. Gum-elastic or India- 
rubber, a very elastic substance. 

Caoutchoucine (ko'chu-sin), n. An inflamma- 
ble, volatile, oily liquid, obtained from caoutchouc. 

Cap, n. A covering for the head : — the top. 

CXp, v. a. To cover the top or end ; to furnish with 
a cap : — to complete : — to excel. 

Ca-pa-bIl'i-ty, 7i. Capableness ; capacity. 

Ca'pa-ble, a. Able to hold or contain ; intelligent ; 
susceptible ; equal to ; qualified for ; able. 

Ca'pa-ble-ness, n. The state of being capable. 

Ca-pXc'i-FY, ■». a. To qualify. Barrow. [R.] 

CA-PA'cious (ka-pa',a. Holdingmuch; com- 
prehensive ; extensive ; wide ; large. 

Ca-pa'ciovs-ly, ad. In a capacious manner. 

Ca-pa'cious-ness, n. State of being capacious. 

Ca-pX^'i-TATE, v. a. To make capable ; to enaljle. 

CA-pX9'l-TY,n. State ofbeing capacious or capable ; 
capaciousness ; room ; space : — power ; ability. 

Cap-a-pie', ad. [Fr.] From head to foot ; all over. 

Ca-pXr'i-son, n. A superb dress for a horse. 

CA-PAR'l-spN, V. a. To dress pompously. 

Cape, n. A headland : — the neck-piece of a coat. 

CXp'el-let, n. A swelling on a horse's hock. 

Ca'per, n. A leap ; a jump : — a bud ; a pickle. 

Ca'per, v. n. To dance ; to leap ; to skip. 

Ca' pi-As,n. [L.] (Law.) A sort of writ or process. 

CXp-il-la'CEOvs (kap-il-lu'shiis), a. Hairy. 

Cap-il-laire' (kap-\\-\iLx'),7i'. [Fr.] A sirup. 

CA-pi'L'LA-MfiNT, n. A fine thread, hair, or fibre. 

*CAP'lL-LA-RVorCA-PlL'LA-RY [kap'il-la-re, IV. 
F. Ja. K. Sm. R. Wb ; k^-pll'ri-'re, S. P. J. F.'. C], 
a. Long and slender, like a hair ; small ; minute. 

— Capillary attraction, that which causes the ris- 
ing of fluids above the level in minuto vessels, 
and of sap in vegetables. 

♦CXp'il-la-ry, n. A small tube or bloodvessel. 
CA-PlL'r.l-FORM, a. Formed like hair. 
CXp'i-taL, a. Kelating to the head ; affecting the 

header life: — chief; principal; large. — Capital 
crime, a crime punished by death. — Capital pun- 
ishment, a punishmeni that takes away life. 
CXp'i-tal, n. The upper part of a column or pil- 
lar: — the chief town or city: — principal sum ; 
the stock of a bank, a company, tradesman, &c. : 

— a large letter ; as, printed in capitals. 
CXp'l-TAL-isT, n. One who has a capital or stock. 
CAP'i-TAL-LY, ad. In a capital manner ; chiefly. 
Cap-i-ta'tion, n. Numeration by heads ; poll-tax. 
CAP'i-TE,n. [L.] (Law.) A kind of tenure. 
CXp'l-TpL, n. A large temple ; a public edifice. 
CA-Pi'T'y-LAR, J n. A statute ; a body of statutes : 
Ca-pTt'u-la-ry, j — a member of a chapter. 
Ca-pit'u-la-rV (ka-pit'yu-la-re), a. Relating to 

the chapter of a cathedral. 
Ca-pTt' V-late, tj. n. To yield on certain stipula- 
tions ; to surrender by treaty. 
Ca-pi't-u-la'tion, n. Act of capitulating; sur- 
render : — reduction. 
Ca-p'It'U-la-tor, n. One who capitulates. 
Ca-pI'vi (ka-pS've), n. Balsam. See Cofaiba. 
Cap'no-man-cy, n. Divination by smoke. 
Ca'pon (ka'pn), n. A castrated cock. 
Caponniere (kap-9-ner') [kap-o-ner', W. Sm. ,• 

kap-o-nySr', S. ; kap-on-yar', Ja.],n. [Fr.J (Fcrt.) 

A covered lodgement, with a little parapet. 
CA-p6T',r(. [Fr.J A winning at the game of piquet. 
Ca-p6te', n. [Fr.] A hood : — an outer garment. 
Ca-p6uch' or Ca-p6ch', n. A monk's hood. 
CXp'-Pa-PER, n. Coarse brown paper for covers. 
Ca-pre'o-late or Cap're-9-late, a. (Bot.) 

Having tendrils ; cirrous. 
Capricgio (ka-pr5t'cho), n. [It.] (Mas.) A 

loose, irregular species of composition. 
Capriccioso (ka-prut-che-6'zo). [It.] (Mas.) 

Noting a capricious, free, or fantastic style. 
Ca-pr1ce' (ka-pr5s', S. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; 

ka-pres' or kap'res, PV.], n. A sudden start of 

mind ; freak ; fancy ; whim. 
Ca-prT"ciovs ^ka-prish'us), a. Apt to change; 

changeable ; fickle ; whimsical ; fanciful. 
CA-PRi"cioys-L¥, id. Whimsically. 
Ca-pri"cious-ness (k?-prish'us-nes;,TO. Caprice. 
Cap'ri-corn, n. [L.] The tenth sign of the 

zodiac, which the sun enters December 21st ; the 

winter solstice. 
CXp-ri-fi-c a'tion, 71. A ripening of figs. 
CXp'ri-ole, 71. [Fr.] A leap made by a horse 

without advancing : — dance. 
CXp'SHEAF, n. The top sheaf of a stack. 
Cap'si-cine, n. An acrid, soft resin. 
CXP'si-cDM,7t. (Bot.) A guinea pepper, or its berry. 
Cap-sIze', v. a. (JVaut.) To overturn ; to upset. 
CXp'stXn, n. (JVaut.) A machine employed in 

sliips to weigh anchors, and to draw up any great 

weight : — called also capstern. 
CXp'su-LAR, ) a. Relating to a capsule ; hol- 
Cap'su-la-ry, ( low, as a chest. 
Cap'su-late or Cap'su-lat-ed, a. Enclosed. 
Cap'sule, n. (Bot.) The seed-vessel of a plant. 

— (Jlnat.) A membranous sac investing an or- 
gan : — a dish. 

CXp'tain (kap'tin),"7r. The commander of a ship, 
a troop of horse, or a company of foot ; a chief. 

Cap'tain-cy, ) n. The post or office of a cap- 

CXp'TAfN-SHiP, S tain. 

Cap'taJn-ry, 71. Chieftainship : captaincy. 

CXp'tion, n. Act of taking a person, particularly 
by judicial process ; a seizure ; an arrest. 

CXp'tious (kap'shus), a. Apt to cavil ; insidious. 
Syn. — Captious dis|K)sition ; in^idioiis enemy ; 
petulant remark ; fretful temper. 

Cap'tiovs-ly, ad. In a captious manner. 

CXp'tious-ness, n. Inclination to find fault. 

Cap'ti-vate, u. a. To take prisoner : — to charm. 

CXp-ti-va'tion, 71. The act of captivating : charm. 

CXp'tive, 7!. One taken in war: — one charmed. 

CXp'tive, a. Made prisoner ; taken by force. 

Cap-tIy'i-ty, 71. State of a captive ; bondage. 

CXp'TQii, n. One -who takes prisoners or prizes. 

MIEN, SIR J m6ve,N(dr,s6nj bOll, BUR, rOle. — 9, 9, g, so/(; jc, «, c, |, /(ard; §oaz; jfojsgz; Tius. 




CXpt'ure (kSLpt'yur), n. Act of taking : — a prize. 
Syn. — Capture of an enemy ; seizure of prop- 
erty ; a rich prize. 
Capt'vRE (kapt'yur), v. a. To take as a prize. 
CAP-u-gHiN' (kap-u-shen'), n. A Franciscan friar 
or monk : — a female garment : — a pigeon. 

Cd'put mor'tu-um, [L.] Worthless remains. 
Car, 7i. A cart; a vehicle or carriage used on a 
railroad : — a chariot of war : — a constellation ; 
Charles's-Wain, or the Bear. 
Car'a-binEj n. [Fr.] A sort of fire-arm ; carbine. 
CXr-a-bin-eer', n. One armed with a carabine. 
Car' AC, 7). A large Spanish ship of burden. 

CXr'a-cole,?i. [Fr.l An oblique tread of a horse. 
Car'a-cole, v. n. To move in caracoles. 
Car-a-gheen', a. Noting a kind of moss, called 
Irish moss. 

CXr'a-pace, n. The upper shell of some reptiles. 

Car'at, n. A weight of four grains, with which 
diamonds are weighed. 

CSr-a-van' [kar-a-van', TV P. J. F. Ja. Sm. C. ; 
kar'a-van, S. JE. K. Wb.], n. A body of travelling 
Eastern mercaaiits or pilgrims : — a large carriage. 

Car-a-vAn'sa-ry, n. A kind of inn or house, in 
the East, for lodging caravans and travellers. 

Car'a-vel, n. A light ship or vessel. 

Car'a-way, n. A plant and its spicy seed. 

CAR'isiNE or Car-bjne' [kar'bin, S. E. F. Sm. ; 
kjr-bin', fV. P. Wb.\, n. A small fire-arm. 

Car'bon, n. [cardo, L.] (Chem.) Pure charcoal. 

Car-bo-na'ceous (kar-b9-na'shus), a. Contain- 
ing carbori. 

■fCAR-BO-NA'DO, 71. Meat cut across and broiled. 

fCAR-BO-NA'DQ, V. a. To broil upon the coals. 

Car-bo-jva' Rl, n. pi. [It.J Colliers: — radical 
reformers in Italy. 

Car'bo-nate, 71. (Chem.) A salt, or a substance 
formed by the union of carbonic acid with a base. 

Car-bon'ic, a. Relating to, or containing, carbon ; 
as carbonic acid gas. 

Car-bon-if'er-oDs, a. Containing carbon. 

Car'bon-Ize, v. a. To convert into carbon. 

Car'boy, 71. A large glass bottle. 

Car'BUN-cle, n. A beautiful gem, or precious 
stone : — a hard, round, inflammatory tumor. 

Car'bDn-cled (kar'bung kid), a. Spotted. 

Car-bOn'cu-lar, a. Belonging to a carbuncle. 

CXR-BiJN-cy-LA'Tl<?N, n. The blasting of buds. 

Car'bu-ret, 71. (Chem.) A compound of carbon 
and some metallic substance. 

Car'bu-ret-ted, a. Combined with carbon. 

Car'ca-NET, n. A chain or collar of jewels. 

Car'cass, n. A dead body of any animal; the 
body, in contempt : — a bomb. 

Car'ce-ral, a. Belonging to a prison. [ulcer. 

Car-CI-no' MA, n. [L.] {Med.) A cancer; an 

Car-CI-nom'a-TOijs, a. Cancerous. 

Card, n. A small square piece of pasteboard used 
for purposes of business, civility, or playing at 
games : — a note ; a message of civility ; a billet : — 
an instrument for combing wool:- -a paper con- 
taining the points of the compass. 

Card, v. a. To comb ; to open wool ; to separate. 

Card, v. n. To play at cards ; to game. 

Car'da-mine, n. The plant lady's-smock. 

Car'da-mqm, 71. A medicinal, aromatic seed. 

Card'er, n. One who cards, or plays at cards. 

Car'di-ac, )a. Relating to the heart: — cor- 

Car-dT'a-cal, \ dial ; strengthening. 

C'AR'Di-SL-f^y, ji. {Med.) The heart-bum. 

Car'dJ-nal, n. A dignitary in the Romish church, 
next in rank to the pope : — a woman's cloak. 

CXR'DI-NAL,a. Chief; principal. — Cardinal num- 
bers, one, two, three, &c., in distinction from the 
ordinal numbers, first, second, third, &c. — Cardi- 
nal virtues (with the ancients), prudence, temper- 
ance, justice, and fortitude. — Cardinal points, 
north, south, east, and west. — Cardinal signs, 
Aries, Libra, Cancer, and Capricorn. 

CXr'di-nal.-ate, i n. The office or rank of a 

CAR'ni-NAL-SHip, i cardinal. 

Car'di-nal-Tzi:, 1). a. To make a cardinal. 
Car'di-oid, 71. An algebraic heart-shaped curve. 
CAR-Di-oL'p-gy, n. A treatise on the heart. 
Card'Jvia-ker, 71. A maker of cards. 
Car-d66n', n. A species of wild artichoke. 
Card'-Ta-BLE, n. A tabln for playing cards. 
CAre,7i. Solicitude; anxiety; caution: — charge. 
Syn. — Care for business ; care for the flock ; 

charge of youth. — Solicitude or concern for vi'hat 

is in danger ; anxiety for what is in great danger. 

Take care, give heed; use caution. 
CAre, v. n^ To be anxious ; to be inclined. 
CAre'-crazed (kir'krazd), a. Broken by care. 
UA-reen', v. a. (JVauf.) To lay a vessel on one 

side_, in order to calk and repair the other. 
Ca-reer', n. A course ; a race ; speed ; procedure. 
Ca-reer', v. n. To run with swift motion. 
CAre'ful, a. Full of care; provident; watchful. 
CAre'ful,-L¥, ad. Leedfully ; providently. 
CAre'fOIj-ness, n. Vigilance ; anxiety ; care. 
CAre'less, a. Having no care ; heedless ; inat- 
tentive ; negligent ; cursory. 
CAre'IiESS-ly, ad. In a careless manner. 
CAre'less-ness, 71. State of being careless. 
Ca-ress', v. a. To treat with fondness ; to fondle. 
Ca-ress', n. An act of endearment. 
Ca'ret, n. [L.] This mark [a], which shows 

where something interlined should be read. 
Car'GO, n. ; pi. car'g6e§. The lading of a ship 

or merchant-vessel ; freight ; burden. 
CAr'I-bou, n. An animal of the deer kind. 
CXR'i-CA-TURE, n. An overcharged and ludicroua 

likeness orrcpresentat.on of a person or thing. 
CAr-i-ca-tOre', v. a. To represent by caricature. 
CXr-j-ca-tu'rist, n. One who caricatures. 
CXR'i-cbt5s, a. Resembling a fig. 
CA'RI-E$,n. [h.] Rottenness of a bone. 
CXr'i-nat-eii, a. Shaped like the keel of a ship. 
CXr'j-ole, n. A light carriage for one person. 

drawn by one horse. 
Ca-ri-os'i-ty, 71. Clceration of a bone. 
Ca'ri-ous, a. Rotten; ulcerated, as a bone. 
jCark, 71. Care ; anxiety. — v.n. To be anxious. 
Carle, n. A mean, brutal man; a churl: — a 

kind of hemp. 
Car'ling§, 71. pi. (JVaut.) Timbers lying foro 

and aft to fortify the smaller beams of a ship. 
fCARE'lSH, a. Churlish ; rude. 
Car' MAN, n. A man who drives a car or cart. 
Car'mi; L-ITE, 7i. A mendicant friar: — a pear. 
Car-min'a-t1ve, 71. Medicine to dispel wind. 
Car-min'a-Tive, ffl. Expelling wind ; warming. 
Car'mIne or Car-Mine' [kar'min, S. E. F. Ja. C. 
JVb. ; kar-niln', fV. F.J. Sm.], n. A bright red or 

crimson color, paint, or pigment. 
Car'nac^e, n. Slaughter ; massacre ; butchery. 
Syn. — Dreadful carnage ; destructive slaughter,' 

treacherous massacre ; horrid butchery. 
Car'nal, a. Fleshly ; not spiritual ; lustful. 
Car'nal-Ist, n. One given to carnality. 
Car-nXl'i-ty, n. Fleshly lust ; sensuality. 
CXr'nal-ize, v. a. To debase to carnality. 
Car'nal-l,y, ad. In a carnal manner. 
Car'nal-mind'ed, a. Worldly-minded. 
Car'nal-mind'ed-ness, 7f. Crossness of mind / 
Car-na'tion, n. A flesh color : — a fine flower. 
CAR-NiiL'lAN (kar-nel'yan), n. (Min.) A red c\ 

flesh-colored precious stone ; a species of cha( 

Car'ne-oDs, a. Fleshy; fat; carnal. 
Car'ney (k'ir'ne), n. A disease in horses. 
Car-N!-F!-ca'ti<pn, n. The making of flesh. 
Car'nJ-fy, u. 71. To breed or form flesh. 
Car'ni-val, v. a Catholic feast or season of fei,- 

tivity, continuing twelve days before Lent. 
Car-niv'o-roDs, «. Feeding on flesh ; greedy. 
Car-nos'1-TY, n. A fleshy excrescence. 
fCA-RO^HE', n. [Fr.J A pleasure-carriage. 
CXr'ol, n. A song of exultation or praise ; hymn. 
CXr'ol, v. n. To sing ; to warble. 
CXr'pl, v. a. To celebrate in song. 

A, E, I, O, U, Y, long ; X, £, I, 6, tj, T?, short ; A, E, I, p, V, Vj oiscare.— fAre, far, fAst, all; HfilR, HEKj 




CXR'O-Mfit, n. Sugar melted till it acquires a 
brown color, and exhales a peculiar odor. 

Ca-rot'id, a. A term applied to two arteries. 

Ca-r6t'id, n. One of the two arteries of the neck, 
which convey the blood to the h« id. 

Ca-roO'^al, ji. A bacchanalian festival or /east; 
a revelling ; a carouse. 

Ca-roO^e', v. n. To drink hard : to revel. 

Ca-roO^e', n. A noisy drinkinfr-match. 

Ca-rou§'er, n. A noisy, hard drinker. 

Carp, v. n. To censure ; to cavil : — n. A pond fish. 

Car'PEL, n. [caTyellum, L.] (Bot.) One of the 
parts of a compound pistil. 

Car'pen-ter, n. A builder of houses and ships. 

Car'pen-try, n. The trade or art of a carpenter. 

Car'PET, n. A covering for the floor, of cloth, &c. 

Car'pet, v. a. To spread with carpets. 

Car'pet-ing, n. Materials for carpets. 

Carp'!N&, p. a. Captious ; censorious. 

Carp'ing, n. Act of cavilling ; censure ; abuse. 

Car'po-lite, n. A petrified fruit or seed. 

Car-p6l'o-9^y, n. That branch of botany which 
treats of the structure of fruits. 

Car'puSjTI. [L.] {Aiiat.) The wrist. 

CXr'RA-waY, n. An apple. See Caraway. 

CXr'ri-a-ble, a. Capable of being carried. 

CXR'RJAqtE (kar'rij), n. Act of carrying ; convey- 
ance : — a vehicle with wheels : — behavior ; 
conduct ; manners ; deportment. 

Syn. — Carriage and manvers respect more the 
education; deportment, the disposition. An easy 
carriaa-e : mild devieanor; polite behavior; irre- 
proachable conduct ; pleasing manners ; modest 

Car'ri-er, 71. One who carries: — asort of pigeon. 

CXr'ri-QN, n. Dead, putrefying flesh. 

CXr'ri-on. a. Relating to, or feeding on, carcasses. 

Car'ron-ade, n. A short piece of ordnance. 

CXr'rot, 71. An esculent garden vegetable. 

CXR'RpT-Y, a. LUce carrots ; of a reddish yello\^. 

CXr'row^, 7u pi. Strolling gamesters in Ireland. 

CXr'ry, v. a. To convey ; to transport ; to bear : 

— to effect : — to gain : — to behave ; to conduct. 
CXr'ry, v. n. To convey ; to transport. 
Car'ry-All, n. A light four-wheeled carriage. 
Carse, n. Flat land in a valley. [Scotland.'\ 
Cart, 7!. A carriage for burden, with two wheels. 
Cart, v. a. To carry or place in a cart. 

Cart, v. n. To use carts for carriage. 

Cart'A(jje, n. Act of carting, or charge for it. 

C'Arte-blanphe' (kart-blSnsh'), n. [Fr.] A 
blank paper intrusted to a person, to be filled up 
as he pleases : — unconditional terms. 

Car-tel' [kar-tel',S. W. J. F. Ja. Sm. ; kar'tel, P. 
E. C. Wh.],n. An agreement between two states 
at war, relative to the exchange of prisoners : — a 
ship for exchanging prisoners : — a challenge. 

Cart'^r, 77. One who drives a cart ; a teamster. 

Car-te'§ian (kar-te'zhan), a. Kelating to Des 
Cartes, or his philosophy. 

Car-te'^ian, 71. A follower of Des Cartes. 

Cart'-Horse, 77. A horse that draws a cart. 

Car-thu'§ian (k^r-thu'zhan), ti. A monk of the 

Car-thu'§ian, a. Relating to monks so called. 

CAR'Tl-LAfjJE, 71. A tough, elastic substance; gristle. 

Car-ti-l,_X(^'in-ous, a. Consisting of cartilage. 

Cart'-Load, 77. A quantity sufficieTit to load a cart. 

Car-Tog'ra-phy, 77. Construction of maps. 

Car-toon', n. A sketch or pattern for tapestry ; 
a painting or drawing on large paper. 

Car-touch' (kar-toch'), 7i. A case to hold musket- 
balls and powder ; a portable box tor cartridges : 

— a wooden bomb filled with shot : — a discharge 
given a soldier — {Arch.) A modillion ; a cornice : 

— a carved ornament. 

Car'tridi^e, «. A paper filled with gunpowder: 

— a charge of powder in a case. 
C'AR'TRi i)(;JE-l!6x, 71. A box for cartridges. 
Cart'-Rope, n. A strong rope for draught. 
Cart'rOt, 71. The track made by a cart-wheel. 

Cart'U-L^-RY, n. A register; a place for recorda 

Cart' WRIGHT (kart'rit), n. A maker oi carts. 

Car'un-ci.e, 71. A small protuberance of flesh. 

Ca-riJn'cu-lar, a. Relating to a caruncle. 

Ca-rOn'cv-I^at-ed, a. Having a protuberance. 

Carve, v. a. To cut matter into elegant forms ; to 
sculpture : — to cut meat at the table ; to cut. 

Carve, v. n. To cut stone or meat. 

Car'VEL, b. a caravel. See Caravel. 

Carv'er, 71. One who carves ; a sculptor. 

Carv'ing, 71. Act of carving ; sculpture. 

Car-y-a'te$, ) [L.] (Arch.) Figures 

Car-y-at'i-DE^,\ of women, instead of col- 
umns, to support entablatures. 

Car-y-at'ic, a. Relating to caryatides. 

CXs'cA-BEL, n. The knob of a cannon. 

Cas-cade', 71. A small cataract ; a waterfall. 

CXs-CA-R'iL,'LA, 77. A medicinal bark. 

Case, n. A box ; a sheath ; a cover: — condition ; 
circumstance ; state : — a cause in court : — the 
frame containing a printer's types : — an inflection 
of noims. 

Case, v. a. To put in a case ; to cover ; to encase. 

Case'har-den (kas'har-dn), v. a. To harden on 
the outside, as iron, or to convert the outside of 
jron into steel. 

Case'-Knife (kas'nif), «. A table-knife. 

Case'mate, 77. A kind of moulding : — a vault. 

Ca^e'ment [kaz'ment, S. fV. J. F. Ja. K. Sm.; 
kas'ment, P. Wb.], n. {Arch.) A part of a win- 
dow opening upon hinges : — a kind of moulding. 

CA'SE-Ot5s (ka'she-Ss), a. Resembling cheese. 

Ca'sern, n. A lodging for soldiers. 

Case'-Shot, 77. Iron or bullets enclosed in a case. 

Case'worm (-wiirm), 77. A grub or worm that 
makes itself a case. 

CXsH, 77. Money ; ready money ; coin : — applied 
also to bank-notes. 

CXsH, V. a. To pay money for ; to turn into money. 

CXsH'-BooK (-buk), 77. A book in which accounts 
of receiving and paying money are kept. 

Ca-shew'-Tree (ka-shu'trE), 77. A West-Indian 
tree which bears the cashew-nut ; called also the 
nut of the acajou or acajaiba. 

Ca-shier' (k?-sher'), 77. One who has charge of 
the money in a bank, &c. 

Ca-shier', v. a. To discard : — to dismiss from a 
post or office ; to break. 

CXsh'-Keep-er, 77. A man intrusted with money. 

CXsh'mere, 77. A shawl made of the fine wool of 
the Cashmere goat. 

CXsh'66, 77. The gum or juice of an Indian tree. 

Cas'ing, 77. Act of covering ; a covering ; case. 

Cask (12), n. A hollow wooden vessel ; a barrel. 

CAs'ket, 77. A small box for jewels. — (JVaut.) A 
small rope for fastening a sail. 

CXsQUE (kask), 77. A helmet ; armor for the head. 

CXs'SA-DA or Cas-Sa'd^ [kas'a-d?, S. fV. Ja. Sm. 
Wh. ; k^s-sa'da, K. Crabb, P. Cyc], n. A plant. 
Same as cassava. See Cassava. 

fCXs'SATE, V. a. To vacate ; to invalidate. 

Cas-sa'tiqn, 77. [fAct of annulling:] — a high 
court in France. 

CXs'sa-va or Cas-sa'va, 77. A species of starch 
or fecula ; a plant from which tapioca is formed. 

CXsse'-Pa-per, 77. Broken paper. 

CXs'si-A (kash'e-a), 77. A sweet spice : — a tree. 

CXs'si-bo-NY, 77. A plant: — a mineral ot which 
vases are often made. 

CXs'si-MERE, 71. A thin woollen cloth : — written 
also kerseymere. 

CAS-s'r'No, n. A game at cards. 

CXs'sQCK, 71. A long under-parment of a priest. 

CXs'so-w_A-RV, 77. A large stilt-leggcd bird. 

CXss'wiJED, 77. A weed ; shepherd's pouch. 

CAsT (19), V, a. [i. cast ; pp. casting, cast.] 
To throw ; to fling ; to send ; to scatter: — to con- 
demn : — to compute; to contrive: — to shed : — 
to found : — to bring forth abortively. 

CAST, V. 77. To grow into a form ; to warp. 

CAST, 77. A throw ; a casting : — a mould ; a shape: 

MlEN, stR; MOVE, NOR, sSn; bOLL, BURjRIJle. — <;,<},^,soft ; C, G,^,^, hard ; § as z ; Tf. as gz : THISt 
13 I 




— a shade of color;,- air or mien : — a stroke or 
touch : — race ; breed. 

Cas'ta-net, n. A small shell of ivory, or hard 
wood, which dancers rattle in their hands. 

CSst'a-way, n. A person lost or abandoned. 

Caste, n. A distinct, hereditary class of people 
among the Hindoos. 

Cas'tel-lan, n. The governor of a castle. 

CXs'tel-la-nv, n. The lordship of a castle. 

Cas'tel-lat-ed, a. Formed like a castle. 

fCAS-TEL-LA'TloN, n. The act of fortifying. 

CAst'er, n. One who casts: — a viol : — awheel. 

CAs'ter§, n. pi. A frame for holding bottles. 

Cas'ti-&ate, v. a. To chastise ; to correct. 

Cas-tJ-ga'tion, n. Punishment ; chastisement. 

Cas'tJ-ga-tor, n. One who corrects. 

CXs'ti-ga-to-ry, a. Punitive ; corrective. 

Cast'ing, n. The act of throwing, casting, or 
founding ; a vessel or thing cast. 

Cast'ing-Net, v.. a net to be thrown. 

CAST'iNG-VdTE, n. The vote given by the pre- 
siding officer of any assembly, which decides the 
question, when the votes are equally divided. 

CXs'TLE ^kSs'sl, 12), 71. A fortified house or man- 
sion ; a fortress. See Fortification. 

Cas'tle (kfts'sl), ». a. {Game of ckess.) To cover 
the king with a castle, by a move. 

Cas'tled (kis'sld), a. Furnished with castles. 

Cas'tle-Guard (kis'sl-gard), n. A feudal tenure. 

Cas'tle-ry, n. The government of a castle. 

Cast'ling, ?!. An abortion. — a. Abortive. 

CAS'TOR,n. [L.] A beaver: — Dneof the Twins, or 
Gemmi (Castor & Pollux): — awheel. See Caster. 

Cas-to' RE-UM,n. [L.J Matter found in a beaver. 

CAs'TOR-oiL, n. An oil from the palma Christi. 

CXs-TRA-ME-TA'TlQN, n. Act of forming camps. 

Cls'TRATE, V. a. To emasculate ; to geld. 

Cas-tra'tion, n. Act of gelding or castrating. 

Cas'trel, n. A kind of hawk. 

Cas-tren'sian, a. Belonging to a camp. 

Ca§'u-al (kazh'u-al), a. Happening by chance; 
accidental ; fortuitous ; incidental. 

Ca§'u-al-ly (kazh'u-al-le), ad. Accidentally. 

CX§'V-AL-NESS, n. State of being casual. 

Ci?' V-al-ty (kazh'u-al-te), n. An unforeseen ac- 
cident, or event, or misfortune ; chance. 

CX§'y-isT (kazh'u-Tst), n. One versed in casuis- 
try ; one who settles cases of conscience. 

CX§ u-'is'Ti-CAL (kazh-u-is'te-kal), a. Relating to 
casuistry or cases of conscience. 

CA$'y-is-TRY(kazh'u-js-tre), 71. The science which 
settles cases of conscience ; morality.. 

Cat, n. An animal : — a kind of ship : — a tripod. 

CAt'A-bSp-TJST, n. An opponent of baptism. 

Cat-a-jEhre'sis, n. : pi. cat-a-£;hre'se§. [Gr.] 
{Rhet.) A metaphor ; the abuse of a trope. 

Cat-a-£;hres'ti-CAL, a. Forced ; far-fetched. 

Cat'a-cly^m, n. A deluge: — a shower-b<ith. 

CaT'a-COMB (kat'a-kom), v.; pi. cXt'A-comb§. 
A subterraneous place for burying the dead. 

CXt-a-cous'tics,7!.7)Z. Science of reflected sounds 
or echoes ; cataphonics. 

CXT-A-DI-6P'TRIC, ) „ T)„fl„„t: !•„>,, 

CXT-A-Di-op'TRi-cAi., \ "■ Reflecting light. 

CXt'a-grXph, n. The first draught of a picture. 

Cat-a-lec't;c, a. Wanting a syllable. 

Cat-a-lec'tJc, n. A verse wanting one syllable. 

CXt'a-lep-sy, n. {Med.) A spasmodic disease 
in which the action of the senses is suddenly sus- 

CXt'a logue (kat'a-log), n. A list of names of 
persons, or of the titles of books, &c. — Catalogue 
raisonve, a catalogue of books classed under the 
heads of their several subjects. 

CXt'a logue (kat'a-log), u. a. To make a list of. 

Ca-tXl'pa, ?!. {Boi.) 'A large flowering tree. 

Ca-tam'a^rXn, n. {JVaut.) A sort of raft. 

Cat-a-mk' Ni-A,n. [L.] Menstrual discharges. 

Cat -a-me'ni-al, a. Relating to catamenia. 

Cat'a-moujvt, > n. A ferocious wild animal ; 

CXt-a-moOn'tain, i a wildcat. 

CXt'a-pX^M, 71. {Med.) A mixture of powders, 

Cat-a-phon'ics, The science or doctrine 
of reflected sounds ; catacoustics. 

CXt'a-phract, n. A horseman in complete armor. 

CXt'a-plX§M, n. A poultice ; a soft piaster. 

Cat'a-pult, 7/. [catapulta, L.] An ancient mil- 
itary engine for tlirowing stones. 

CXt'a-rXct, 72. A great waterfall; a cascade. — 
{Med.) A disease of tho eye. consisting in the 
opacity of the crystalline lens or its capsule. 

Ca-tarrh' (ka-far'), 7!. (Med.) A discharge of 
fluid from the nose ; a cold ; influenza. 

Ca-tarrh'al (ka-far'ral), ) a. Relating to a ca- 

Ca-tarrh'6us (ka-tar'rus), ( tarrh or cold. 

Ca-tas'te-ri§m, 77. A cataloguing of tlie stars. 

Ca-tXs'tro-phe, 7i. A falling out of events ot 
result of occurrences ; a final event ; calamity. 

Cat'call, n. A small squeaking instrument. 

Catch, v. a. [i, caught or catched ; pp. catch- 
ing, CAUGHT or catched.] To lay hold on with 
the hand ; to seize ; to stop ; to insnare ; to take j 
to receive. 

CXtch, v. n. To be contagious ; to lay hold. 

Catch, 7i. Seizure ; an advantage taken; a snatch ; 
a hold: — any thing that catches: — a song, or 
part of a song, sung in succession. 

Catch'a-ble, a. Liable to be caught. 

Catch'er, 11. The pei-son or thing that catches. 

Catch'ing, p. a. Apt to catch ; contagious. 

CXTCH'PiJN-Ny, 71. A worthless publication. 

CXtch'pen-ny, a. Made for money ; worthless. 

Catch'poll, 11. A sergeant ; a buniba lifF. 

Catch'up [kach'up, S. JV. J. F. C. ; kat'sup, P ; 
kech'up, Ja.], 11. A sauce or condiment. 

CXtch'word (-wurd), n. A word under the last 
line of a page, repeated at the top of the next. 

CXx-E-jBHET'lc, ) a. Consisting of questions 

CXt-e-jbhet'i-cal, \ and answers. 

CXT-E-fJHET'i-CAL-LY, ad. By question and 
answer. _ 

CXt-e-jehi^e, v. a. To instruct by asking ques- 
tions and receiving answers ; to question ; to in- 
terrogate : — written also catechize. 

Cat'e-jEHI^-er, 71. One who catechises. 

CXT'E-jeni^M, 7f. A form of instruction by ques- 
tions and answers ; an elementary book. 

CST'E-fJHiST, 11. One who teaclies the catechism. 

CXT-E-jeHl's'Tl-CAE, a. By question and answer. 

CXt'e-ChO, 11. An astringent vegetable substance 
used in medicine. 

CXt-e-jBhu'men, 71. One who is yet in the rudi- 
ments of Christianity ; a ptipil little advanced. 

CXt-e-chv-MEN'i-cal, a. Relating to catechu- 

CXt-e-Gor'i-CAL, a. Absolute ; positive, as op- 
posed to hypothetical .- — direct ; express. 

CXt-e-g6r'i-cal-ly, ad. Directly; positively. 

Cat'e-go-RY, n. A class or order containing a 
great number of genera or species : — an order of 
ideas ; a predicament. 

CXt-e-na'ri-an, a. Relating to a chain. 

CXt'e-na-ry, 7!. A curve line formed by a rope or 
chain suspended by both ends. 

CXt'e-nate, v. a. To link together ; to chain. 

Cat-e-na'tiqn, 77. A regular connection. 

Ca'ter, ■«. 77. To procure or provide food. 

Ca'ter-er, 77. A provider; a purveyor. 

Ca'ter-ess, 77. A woman employed to cater. 

CXt'er-pji.-lar, 77. An insect which devours 
leaves : — larva of an insect : — a plant. 

CXt'er-waul, v. 77. To make a noise as cats. 

Cates, 77. pi. Dainties ; viands ; food. 

CXt'fish, 77. An Anierican sea-fish. 

CXt'gOt, 77. A string for musical instruments: — 
a species of linen or canvas. 

CXth'a-rist, 77. One who claims great nurity. 

CXt'har-pjngs, 77.pi. (Waut.) Small ropes in a 
ship. '' 

Ca-thXr'tic, n. A purging medicine. 

Ca-thar'tic, )a. Tending to purge or cleanse; 

Ca-thar't}-cal, ) purgative ; cleansing. 

i,E,i,6,u, Yylong; X,fi,l,6,t5p % short; A, ]?, 1,9, y, y, oJscMre.— FARE, FAR, fAst, ALL; HEIB,HEK< 




CXr'HEAD, ». "A piece of timber: an apple. 

Ca-the-'dba 0?- Cath'e-dra, n. [Gr. & L.] A 
professor'slchair ; of authority. 

Ca-Th£'deal, 71. ITie head church of a diocese, 
in which is the seat or thi'one of a bishop. 

Ca-the'dral, a. Relating to a cathedral. 

Cath'ji-ter, II. An instrument to draw off urine. 

Cat'holes, Two little holes astern in a ship. 

Cath'o-lic, a. Universal ; general ; embracing all : 
— liberal. — CathoLic chii-rch, literally, the whole 
Christian church ; specifically, the church of Rome. 

Cath'o-lic, n. A Roman Catholic ; a Papist. 

Ca-th6l'i-c1sm [ka-thol'e-sizm, §; JV. P. J. F. 
Ja. K. Sm. Cl; katli'o-le-sizm, Wb.]; ?!. The doc- 
trine of, or adherence to, the Catholic church : — 
liberality ; largeness of mind. 

Cath-o-lic'i-ty, Ji. The doctrine of, or adherence 
to, the Catholic church : Catholicism. 

Ca-th6l'!-c1ze, ?). 7i. To become a Catholic. 

Ca-thol'!-con,?i. a universal remedy ; a panacea. 

CAT'Kii^ji. A kind of inflorescence ; anient. 

CXT'LlNaym. A dismembering knife: — catgut. 

Cat'mint, ) n. A strong-scented, perennial plant 

Cat'nip, ( or herb. 

Cat-p'-Nine'-Tail§, n. A whip yi^ith nine lashes. 

Ca-top'sis, n. A morbid quickness of vision. 

Ca-t6p'tri-cal, a. Relating to catoptrics. 

Ca-top'trics, ?!. pi. That part of optics which 
treats of reflected light, or reflected vision. 

Ca-t6p'tron, n. A kind of optic glass. 

Cat'pTpe, n. A squeaking pipe ; a catcall. 

Cat's'-Eve (kats'T), n. A silicious mineral. 

Cat's'-Foot (-fut), n. The ground-ivy ; a plant. 

Cat's'-Paw, n. The dupe of an artful person. 

Cat'stIck, n. A small stick. 

CaT'sup, 7i. A sauce. See Catchup. 

Cat'tle, 71. pi. Beasts of pasture, as oxen, cows, 

Cat'tle-Shovv, 7^ An e.\hibition of cattle. [&c. 

Cau-ca'sian, n. Relating to Mount Caucasus. 

Cau'cus, n. A cant word used in America to de- 
note a meeting preparatory to an election. 

Cau'dal, a. Relating to the tail of an animal. 

Cau'dIte or Cau'dat-ED, a. Having a tail. 

CAU'DEX,n. [L.] {Boi.) The stem of a tree. 

Cau'dle, n. A mixture of wine, gruel, &c. 

Cau'dle, v. a. To make into or treat with caudle. 

Cauf, 11. A chest with holes to keep live fish in. 

Caught (kawt), ('. & p. From Catch. See Catch. 

Cauk, n. A sulphate of barytes ; a sort of spar. 

CAtJK'ER, ) n. A prominence in the heel of a 

Caw'kin, \ horseshoe ; calkin ; cork. 

Caul, n. Part of a woman's cap ; a kind of net- 
work : — a membrane covering the intestines. 

Cau-les'cent, a. Having a perfect stem. 

Cau-lTf'ER-oDs, a. Having a caulis or stalk. 

Cau'li-flo\V-er (or kol'e-flbu-er), 77. A fine 
species of cabbage, differing little from broccoli. 

CAU'Lis,n. [h.] (Bot.) A stalk or herbaceous stem. 

Caulk. See Calk. 

Cau'§a-BLE, a. That may bi caused. 

Cau'dal, a. Relating to, or txpressing, a cause. 

CaU-§al'!-TY,7I. The agency of acause. — {Phren.) 
The faculty of tracing cause and effect. 

Cau'^al-tv, 77. (Mining.) The light parts of ores 
which are carried away by washing. 

CAu-§A'TlpN, 77. The act of causing. 

Cau'^A-tIve, a. That expresses a cause. 

Cau'|a-t/ve-ly, ad. In a causative manner. 

Cau-!Ja'Tor, 77. One who causes. 

Cau^e, 77. That which jiroduces an effect : — rea- 
son ; motive; object: — side; party: — a suit at 
law ; legal process. — Final cause, the end for 
which a thing is, or is done. 

Cause, tj. a. To effect as an agent; to produce.'less, a. Having no cause ; groundless. 

Cau^'er, n. One who causes ; the agent. 

Cau.^e'way, 77. A way or road formed of stones 
and other substances, and raised above the adja- 
cent ground. 

Cau'sey, 71. Same as causeway. 

CAU-.^fD')-CAL, a. Relating to an advocate. 

Caus'tic, 77. A corroding and burning substance, 

Caus'tic, )a. Searing; corroding; burning; 

Caus'ti-cal, \ pungent. 

CAus-Tic'l-TY, 77. The quality of being caustic. 

CAus'tic-ness, 77. The quality of being caustic. 

fCAu'TE-LOUS, c. Cautious; wily; cunning. 

CAu'TER, n. A searing hot iron. 

Cau'ter-i'sm, 77. The application of cautery. 

CAu-TER-j-ZA'TlON, 77. The act of cauterizing. 

Cau'ter-ize, v. a. To bum with a cautery ; to sear. 

Cau'te-ry, 77. An iron for burning : — a caustic. 

CAu'TlON, 77. Provident care ; prudence : — fore- 
sight ; a provisionary precept ; a warning. 

CAu'TlON, V. a. To give notice of danger ; to warn. 

CAu'tion-a-ry, a. Given as a pledge ; warning. 

CAu'Tlous (ktlw'shus), a. Using caution ; pru- 
dent ; very careful ; wary ; watchful. 

Cau'tious-ly, ad. In a cautious manner. 

Cau'Tious-nEss, 77. Watchfulness; vigilance. 

OAy-'AL-CADE', 77. A procession on horseback. 

CaV-a-li£r' (kav-a-ler'), 77. An armed horseman ; 
a knight: — one of the party of Charles I. 

CSv-A-LlER', a. Gay ; brave ; disdainful ; haughty. 

CXv-A-LlER'isivI, n. The practice of a cavalier. 

CAv-A-LlERfLY, o-'l- Haughtily ; disdainfully. 

CAv-a-lier'NESS, 77. Disdainful conduct. 

CAv'al-ry, 77. A body of troops or soldiers that 
serve on horseback. ; 

fCA'VATE, V. a. To^ieXcavate ; to hollow out. 

Cav-^-tP NA,n. [It.]' j(J¥7ts.) A short air. 

Ca-VA'ZION (ka-va'zhun), ?7. {Jlrcli.) A hollow 
trench for laying the foundation of a building. 

Cave, 71. A cavern ; a grotto ; a.den ; a cell. 

Syn. — A cane or cavern is a hollow place under 
ground, formed by nature or art. A grotto is 
formed by art. An artificial cave is dug ; a cell is 
built. Den of a wild beast. 

Cave, ». a. To make hollow. — v.n. To fall in. 

CA'vE~AT,n. [L.] (Law.) A kind of process to 
stop proceeding: — a caution ; a hint. 

Cav'ern, 77. A hollow place in the ground ; cave. 

Cav'erned (kav'ernd), a. Full of caverns. 

Cav'ern-oOs, a. Full of caverns. [horse. 

Cav'es-soiv^ 77. [Fr.] A sort of nose-band for a, 

Ca-viare' (ka-ver' or kav-yir') [ka-ver', S. fV.J. 
F. R. ; kav-e-4r', P.; kav'e-ilr, Ja. ; kav-yar', 
Sm.], 77. [caviar, Fr.] Food or sauco prepared 
from the roes of sturgeon, &c. 

Cav'il, v. n. To raise captious objections ; to carp. 

Cav'il, v. a. To treat with objections. 

Cav'il, 77. A false or captious objection ; sophism, 

Cav-il-La'TION, 77. The practice of objecting. 

Cav'il-ler, 77. A captious disputant. 

CXv'lL-LOtJs, a. Full of cavils ; captious. 

Cav'in, 77. [Fr.] A hollow, fit to cover troops, 

Cav'J-ty, 77. Hollowness ; a hollow place. 

Ckw\ V. n. To cry as the rook, raven, or crow. 

Caw, 77. The cry of a rook, raven, or crow. 

Cay-enne' (ka-en'), 77. A pungent red pepper. 

Cay'man, 77. The alligator ; caiman. 

Ca-zique' (ka-zek'), «. Formerly a title cf the 
chief of some tribes of Indians in Mexico. 

Cease (ses), v. n. To leave off; to fail ; to stop. 

Cease'less, a. Without stop ; incessant. 

Cec-jCHin' (che-ken'),". See Sequin and Zechin. 

CEo'l-TY or Ce'CI-TY [ses'e-te, JV. P. J. F. C. ; 
se'se-te, S. Ja. K. Sm. Wb.], n. Blindness. 

Ce'dar, 77. A large evergreen tree. 

Ce'darn, a. Belonging to the cedar-tree ; cedrine. 

Cede, v. a. To yield ; to resign ; to give up. 

CE-dil'la, 77. [cedillc, Fr.] A mark placed under 
the letter c [thus, ^], to make it sound soft, like s. 

Cii'DRFNE, a. Belonging to the cedar-tree. 

Ceil (sGI), tj. a. To overlay or cover the inner roof. 

CiilL'!NC4,_77. The covering of the inner roof. 

C£l'an-dine, 77. A plant; swallow-wort. — 
{Clicm.) A poisonous irritant principle. 

C£L'A-TijRE [sel'a-tiii', •/"•■^. iiecsjsij'lfi-tQr, S. P. 
Smi fVb.j_sa\'a.-c\\\xx,W.],n. The art of engraving. 

CfiL'E-BRATE, V. a. To distinguish by rites ; to 
commemorate : — to praise ; tO extol. 

MlEN.SlR; MOVE, NOR, SON; BOll, BUR,r(ILE 9, <?, t,So/t; JC, G, £,g, ftflrt/; § OS Z J 3f 05 ga-: TUI3 




Syn. — Americans celebrate the declaration of 
independence ; Christians commemorate tlie death 
of Christ. A chi\i is praised for good conduct; a 
man is extolled for heroic actions. 

Cel'e-brat-ed, p. a. Renowned ; /amoMs ; emi- 
nent ; illustrious. 

Cel-e-bra'tion, ?j. Act of celebrating ; praise. 

Cel'e-bra-TQR, n. One who celebrates 

Ce-leb'ri-TY, 74. Fame; renown; distinction. 

Ce-ler'i-ty, 11. Swiftness; rapidity; velocity; 
speed ; quickness. 

Cel'e-ry, n. A plant used for salad. 

CE-LfiST'lAL (se-lest'yal), a. Heavenly ; ethereal. 
Syn. — Celestial globe ; heavenly bodies ; heav- 
enly joys ; ethereal regions ; ethereal fire. 

CE-LiiST'lAL, n. An inhabitant of heaven. 

CE-IiEST'lAL-LY, ad. In a heavenly manner. 

Cel'es-tine, n. A monk of a religious order. — 
(Min.) The blue variety of sulphate of strontia. 

Ce'li-Xc, a. Relating to the belly. See Cceliac. 

CEL'i-BA-CY [sel'e-b?-se, S. W. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. 
Sm. C; se-lib'a-se, JVh.],n. State of a person 
unmarried ; single life. 

■fCEL'l-BATE, n. Celibacy : — an immarried man. 

Cell, n. A small, close room ; a cavity ; a cave. 

Cel'LAR, n. A room in the ground under a house. 

Cel'lar-A(^e, n. Room of a cellar ; a cellar. 

Cel'lar-er or Cel'lar-ist, n. A butler. 

Cel'LU-lar, a. Consisting of cells or cavities. 

Cel'si-TOde, 71. Height; elevation. 

*CfiL'Tlc [sel'tik, S?7?,. C. H^. ; sel'tik 07- kel'tik, 
Ja.}, a. Relating to the Celts or Gauls. 

*Cel'tic, n. The language of the Celts. 

Cel'TI-ci§M, n. An idiom or custom of the Celts. 

*Celts, n. pi. The ancient inhabitants of Gaul, &c. 

Cem'ent (114) [sem'ent, S. W. P. J. F. K. C. ; se'- 
ment, E. Ja.; se-ment', Sm.], n. A substance 
which unites ; mortar : — a bond of union. 

Ce-mE;nt', v. a. To unite by the use of cement. 

Ce-ment', v. n. To cohere ; to unite. 

Cem-en-Ta'T10N, n. The act of cementing. 

Ce-ment'er, n. The person or thing that unites. 

Cem'e-ter-y, n. A place, area, or edifice where 
the dead are buried. 

Cen'a-to-ry [sen'a-tiir-e, W, P. Ja. K. ; se'n?- 
tur-e, S. Sm.], a. Relating to supper. 

CfiN'p-BlTE, n. A monk in a convent. 

Cen-p-BIT'i-CAL, a. Living in community. 

Cen'p-bv, n. A place where persons live together. 

Cen'P-taph, n. A monument for one whose body 
is buried elsewhere. 

•f Cense, n. A rate ; a tax ; census. 

Cense, v. a. To perfume with odors. 

Cen'ser, 7u a pan in which incense is burnt. 

Cen'sor, n. [L.] An officer of ancient Rome who 
was an inspector of morals : — a censurer. 

Cen-so'RJ-al, a. Full of censure ; censorious. 

Cen-so'ri an, a. Relating to a censor; censorial. 

Cen-so'ri-oijs, a. Addicted to consure ; severe. 

CEN-so'RJ-otjS-LY, ad. In a censorious manner. 

C^n-sc'ri-ous-ness, n. A disposition to reproach. 

CEN'spR-SHip, n. The office of a censor. 

Cen'su-RA-ble (sen'shu-ra-bl), a. Deserving cen- 
sure ; blamable ; culpable ; faulty. 

Cen'SU-ra-ble-ness, n. Blamableness. 

CfiN'sir-RA-BLY (sen'shu-ra-ble), ad. Culpably. 

Cen'sure (sen'shur), n. Imputation of wrong ; 
blame ; reproach : — judicial sentence. 

CEn'sure (sen'shur), v. a. To blame ; to condemn: 
— to reprove ; to reproach ; to accuse. 

Cen'sure (sen'shur) v. n. To judge. 

CEn'sur-er (sen'shur-er), n. One who blames. 

Cen'sus, 71. [L.] An official enumeration of the 
inhabitants of a country. 

Cent, n. [centum, L. ; cent, Fr.] A hundred, as 
six per cent: — an American copper coin. 

Cent'a^^e, n. Rate by the cent or hundred. 

CfiN'TAliR (sen'tawr), »f. A fabulous being, half 
man and half horse : — the Archer in the zodiac. 

C£n'tau-ry, n. A plant of several species. 

CEn-TE-na'ri-AN, 71. A person 100 years old. 

Cen'te-NA-ry, n. The number of a hundred. 

Cen-ten'ni-al, a. Consisting of a hundred year* 

Cek-tes'i-m|.l, a. Hundredth. 

CEN-Tiis-'i-iviA'TipN, n. Selection for punishment 
of one person in a hundred. 

Cen-ti-fo'li-oDs, a. Having a hundred leaves. 

Cen'ti-grade, a. Having a hundred degrees. 
The centigrade thermometer has 100 degrees be- 
tween the freezing and boiling points of water. 

Centime (san'tSm'), n. [Fr.] A hundredth part 
of a franc ; a hundredth part. 

Cen'T|-ped, 71. A poisonous insect. 

Cen'to, n. ; pi. CEN'TOf. A collection of scraps 
from various authors. 

CIin'tral, a. Relating to, orplaced in, the centre. 

CEN-TRAL'l-Ty, 7t. The state of being central. 

CEN-TRAL-l-ZA'TIpN, n. Act of centralizing. 

Cen'tral-ize, v. a. To make central. 

Cen'TRAl-ly, ad. In a central manner. 

Cen'tre (sen'ter), n. The central point of a circle 

or any other thing ; exact middle. 
^Cen'tre (sen'ter), v. a. To place in a centre. 

jCen'TRE (sen'ter), v. n. To be in the midst. 
•Cen'tre-bit, 71. A tool for drilling holes. ■ 
JCen'tric, j a. Placed in the centre ; central^ 

Cen'tri-cal, \ middle. 

Cen'tri-cal-ly, ad. In a central situation. 

CEN-TRi^'i-TY, n. The state of being centric. 

Cen-trif'u-gal [sen-trlf'u-gal, S. W. P.J. F.Ja, 
K. Sm. ; sen-tre-lu'gal, KenricU, Dyche], a. Fly-. 
ing from the centre. 

Cen-trip'e-tal [sen-trip'e-tal, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. 
K Sm. ; sen-ixe-^s'laX, Kenrick], a. Tending ta 
the centre. 

Cen'TRY, n. A sentinel. See Sentry. 

Cen- Ti}M' ri-Ri, n. pi. [L.] The hundred judges 
in the Roman republic. 

Cen'tu-ple, a. A hundred-fold. 

Cen'tv-ple, v. a. To multiply a hundred-fold. 

Cen-tu'fli-cate, v. a. To make a hundred-fold. 

Cen tu'R]-al, a. Relating to a century. 

fCEN-Tu'Ri-ATE, V. a. To divide into hundreds. 

Cen-tu'ri-a-TPR, ) n. An historian who distin- 

CisNT'u-RiST, \ guishes time by centuries. 

CEN-Tu'Ri-pN, n. A Roman military officer, who 
commanded a hundred men. 

CENT'y-RY, n. A period of 100 years ; a hundred. 

Ceph'a-lal-^y, 78. (Med.) The headache. 

Ce-phal'jc, a. Relating, or medicinal, to the head. 

Ce-ra'ceovs (-shus), a. Like wax ; waxy. 

Ck-RAS' TEif,n. [Gr.] A serpent having horns. 

Ce'rate, 7j. An unguent of wax, oil, &c. 

Ce'Rat-ed, a. Covered with wax. 

Cere, v. a. To cover with wax ; to wax. 

Cere, n. The naked skin on a hawk's bill. 

Ce'RE-al, a. Relating to grain or corn. 

Ce-RE-a' Ll-A,n. pi. [L.] All sorts of corn. 

Cer'e-bijlJ n. [cerebellum, L.] {.Bnat.) The pos- 
terior part of the brain ; the little brain. 


(Anat.) The posterior part of the brain ; cerebel. 

Cer'e-BRAL, a. Relating to the brain. 

Cer'e-brum, n. [L.] (Jinat.) The chief por- 
tion or medullary mass of the brain ; the brain. 

Cere'cloth, n. Cloth dipped in melted wax, &c. 

Cere'ment, 71. Cerecloth, anciently used in em- 
balming, for infolding the bodies of the dead. 

CS:r-e-mo'ni-al, a. Relating to ceremony ; formal. 

Cer-e-mo'ni-al, n. Outward form ; external rite. 

Ci^R-E-Mo'Nl-ous, a. Full of ceremony; scrupu- 
lous ; exact ; civil ; formal ; precise. 

Cer-e-mo'ni-oOs-ly, ad. In a ceremonious 

Cer-e-mo'ni-ovs-n£ss, n. Great formality. 

Cer'e-MP-ny, n. An outward rite: — external 
form in religion, in state, or in manners. 

Syn. — Ceremony of kneeling ; rite cf baptism; 
religious observance ; form of government. 

Cii'RE-oiJS, o. Waxen ; like wax. 

Cer-e-vi" si-A (a&r-e-\ish'e-a^),n. [L.] A spe- 
cies of ale or barley-whie ; beer. 

A, E, I, O, U, Y, long; X, E, I, 6, 0, T?, short; A, E, I, p, V, Vj obscure.— FkRE, FAR, FAST, ALL, HtlR, IIEB, 




Ce'RI JM, 11. (Min.) A grayish-white metal. 

Ce-ro&'ra-phy, n. Art of engraving on wax. 

Ce-r66n', n. A bale or package of skins. 

Ci:ii'Rus,n. [L.] The bitter oak. 

Cer'tain (ser'tin), a. Sure ; indubitable ; resolved ; 
unfailing ; fixed ; regular : — some or one. 

Cer'tain-ly, ad. Indubitably ; without fail. 

Cer'tain-ness, n. The quality of being certain. 

Cer'TaJn-ty (ser'tin-te), n. Q,uality of being cer- 
tain ; real state ; truth ; fact : — regularity. 

fCER'Ti!s, ad. Certainly ; in truth. 

Cer-tif'1-cate, n. A testimony in writing prop- 
erly authenticated ; a credential. 

Cer-tif'i-cate, v. a. To give a certificate to. 

CEr-ti-fJ-ca'tiqn, n. The act of certifying. 

Cer'ti-fi-er, K. One who certifies ; an assurer. 

Cer'ti-fy, v. a. To give certain information toj 
to give assurance ; to attest. 

Certiorari (ser-she-o-ra'rl), n. [L.] (Law.) 
A writ issuing from a superior court to an in- 
ferior one. 

Cer'ti-TUDE, n. Certainty. Dryden. [R.] , 

Cer'Cle, a. Blue; cerulean. 

Ce-rCle-an, a. Sky-colored ; blue. 

Cer-u-lif'ic, a. Producing a blue color. J 

CE-RU'MEN,n. [L.] The wax of the ear. 

*Ce'rOse [sS'rus, W. P. J. F. Ja. C. ; se'rus, Sm. ; 
ser'us, S. fVb.], n. White-lead ; carbonate of lead. 

*CE'RtJsED (se'rust),a. Washed with white-lead. 

Cer'vi-CAL, a. Belonging to the neck. 

Ce-§a're-an, a. The Cesarea« operation is the act 
of cutting a child out of the womb. 

Ces'pi-tose, ) a. Consisting of turfs; turfy: — 

Ces'pJ-toDs, ] growing in tufts. 

Cess, v. a. To rate ; to assess. — n. A rate ; atax. 

Ces-sa'tion, n. Act of ceasing or stopping ; a 
stop ; a rest ; intermission ; a pause of hostility. 

Syn. — Cessation of hostilities ; stop on a journey ; 
rest from labor; intermission of a public perform- 

CES-SA'viT,n. [L.] (Law.) An obsolete writ 
for recovering lands. 

Ces-si-bil'i-t Y, n. The quality of giving way. [R.] 

Ci2S'si-BLE, a. yielding ; easy to give way. [R.] 

CES'sipN (sesh'un), n. Retreat; act of yielding. 

Ces'sion-a-ry (sesh'un-9-re), a. Yielding. 

Ces'sqr, n. (Law.) One who ceases so long to 
perform a duty as to incur the danger of law 

Ces' tus, n. [L.J The girdle or zone of Venus. 

CE'^yRE (se'znur), n. See Cjesura. 

Ce-ta'ce-a, n. 'pi. (Zool.) Whales, an order of 
mammals, living in water, but not fishes. 

Ce-ta'cean (se-ta'shfin), n. The whale. 

C^-TA'CEOVS (se-ta'shus), a. Of the whale kind. 

Ce'tic, a. Relating to the cetaceans. 

Ce-t6l'o-GY, n. Natural history of the whale. 

CHA-c66N'orCHA-coNE',n. [c/Mcona, Sp.] (Mas.) 
Atune and a dance, like a saraband. 

Chafe, z>. a. To fret by rubbing: — to make angry. 

Chafe, v. n. To rage ; to be fretted ; to fret. 

Chafe, 7j. A fret: — passion; a heat; a rage. 

Chaf'er, n. One who chafes : — an insect. 

Chaf'er-y, n. A forge in an iron-mill. 

Chafe'-WXx, n. An officer of the English lord- 
chancellor, who fits wax for sealing writs. 

ChAff (12), n. The husks of grain, com, or 
grasses ; refuse ; cut hay. 

ChXf'fer, v. n. To treat about a bargain; to 

Chaf'fer, v. a. To buy ; to exchange. 

ChXf'fer-er, n. One who chatFers. 

tC'HXF'FERN, n. A vessel for heating water. 

CiiXf'finch, n. A small bird. 

CuAFF'v, a. Full of chaff"; light; foul; had. 

Chaf'ing-DIsh, n. A iMirtablo grate for coals. 

Cha-green', n. A rough-grained leather. 

*^IIA-GR1N' (sha-grGn', S. W. P. J. E. F .)a. Sm. 
C. ! sha-grift', IVIi.], n. [Fr.] Mortification; 
fretfulness ; ill-humor ; vexation. 

*^ha-grIn', v. a. To vex ; to tease ; to mortify. 

Chain, n. A series of links or other things con- 

nected : — bondage; a bond : — a fetter; a mana* 

cle : — a connected series. 
Chain, v. a. To fasten with a chain ; to enslave. 
Chain'pijmp, n. A pump used in largo vessels. 
Chain'shot, n. Bullets fastened by a chain. 
Chain' WORK (-wiirk),K. Work made with links. 
Chair, n. A movable seat : — a seat of authority, 

or of a presiding officer : — a sedan. 
Chair, v. a. To place or carry in a chair. 
Chair'man, n. The presiding officer of a meeting 

or assembly : — one who carries a sedan. 
^HAl§E (shaz), n. ; pi. 9HAi^-E§. A kind of light, 

two-wheeled pleasure-carnage. 
jeHAL-CED'p-NY or j0hAl'ce-d6-NY [k^l-sed'- 

9-ne, Sm. C. Wb. Brande ; kal'se-do-ne, fV. Ja. K. 

iJ.], n. A silicious stone used in jewelry. 
jGhal-cog'ra-pher, n. An engraver in brass. 
jBhal-cog'ra-phy, n. Art of engraving in brass. 
jCHiL'cp-LiTE, n. (Min.) A green crystalline 

Chal-da'jc, a. Relating to Chaldeea. 
Chal-dee', ffl. Relating to Chaldsa. 
jBhal-dee', n. The language of Chaldffia. 
Chal'dron or Chal'drqn [chawl'drun, £. Ja. 

K. Sm. ; chal'drun, P. J. ; chil'drun, W. F. ; 

chaw'drun, S.J, n. A measure of 36 bushels. 
*Chal'ice [chal'is, S. fV. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. Wb. ; 

kal'is. P.], n. A cup; communion-cup. 
*ChXl'iced (chal'ist), a. Having a cell or cup. 
*Chalk (chdwk), n. A white fossil, being a car- 
bonate of lime, much used in the arts. 
*Chalk (chawk), V. a. To mark with chalk. 
*Chalk'-Pit, n. A pit in which chalk is dug. 
*Chalk'-Stone, n. A calcareous concretion in 

the hands and feet of persons affected by the gout. 
*Chalk'y (chawk'e), a. Consisting of chalk; 

like chalk ; white. 
Chal'len^^e, v. a. To call to answer for an 

offence by combat : — to accuse : — to claim : — to 

object to, as a juror. 
Chal'len^e, n. A summons to fight a duel ; a 

call : — a demand : — an exception against. 
CHAE'LENqtE-A-BLE, a. That may be challenged, 
ChXl'len9^-er, 71. One who challenges. 
ICha-lyb'e-an, a. Relating to iron ; chalybeate. 
jEha-lyb'e-ate, a. Impregnated with iron. 
^HAM,n. The sovereign of Tartary. See Khan. 
Cha-made' (sh^-mad'), n. [Fr.J The beat oi 

the drum, as a signal for a parley or a surrender. 
*Cham'BER [cham'b|r, W. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; 

cham'ber, S. E. ; cham'ber or cham'ber. P.], n. 

An apartment in an upper story of a house ; a 

bedroom ; a room : — a cavity ; a hollow space : — 

a legislative body : — a court. 
*Cham'ber, v. n. To lodge : — to be wanton. 
*Cham'ber, v. a. To shut up, as in a chamber. 
*Chaivi'ber-CoOn'sel, n. A counsellor who 

gives his opinion in private, but does not plead. 
*Cham'ber-er, n. One who chambers. 
*Cham'ber-Fel'l5w, n. A room-mate. 
*CHAM'BER-'iNG, n. Intrigue ; wantonness. 
*CnAM'BER-LAiN, m. An officer of State : — a high 

officer in European courts : — a servant who has 

the caro of the chambers. 
*Cham'ber-lain-ship, 7!. Office of a chamberlain. 
*CHAM'BER-MAiD, 71. A maid who takes care of 

bedrooms, and waits on a lady. 
)0hXm'brel, 71. A joint in a horse's leg ; gambrel. 
jCha-me'le-on, n. An animal of the lizard kind, 

noted for changing its color. [ors. 

Cha-me'le-qn-ize, ?j. a. To change to many col- 
ChXw'fer, 0. a. To make furrows or gutters on 

a column ; to flute ; to channel. 
ChXm'fer or CHXM'FRET,7t. A furrow ; a gutter. 
Chamois (shSm'e or slifi-mbi') [shSm'me. P. E. 

Wb. ; shfi-mbT', S. IV. J. F. Ja. ; sham'wi, Sm.], 

n. [Fr.] A kind of antelope or wild goat, whose 

skin is made into soft leather, called shammy. 
jBhXm'p-mile, 7t. A plant. See Camomile. 
ChXmp, v. a. To bite ; to chew ; to devour. 
ChSmp, v. n. To bite with much action. 


-C,9,|,8o/t; ;e,jG,£, gjAard; ^asz; T^as^zi THIS. 




pHAM-PA&NE' (sMm-pan') [shSm-pan', S. W. J. 
E. F. Ja. ; sMra'pan, K.], n. A kind of spark- 
ling wine from Champagne in France. 

*9haM-PAIGN' (sham-pan') [sham-pan', P. E. Sin. 
fVb.; cliam'pan, W. F. ; cham-pan', S. ; sham'- 
pan, J. Ja.], n. Flat, open country. 

*^HAM-PAIGN' (sham-pan'), a. Open ; flat. [ty. 

CHAM'PER-TpR,7t. {Law.) One guilty of champer- 

OhXm'per-ty [cham'per-te, Ja. C. ; sham'per-te, 
^. ; sham-per'te, S)re.],K. (Law.) A maintenance 
of a man in his suit, upon condition of having 
part of the thing, if recovered. 

^ham-pi&n'qn (sh jm-pin'yun), n. A mushroom. 

ChAm'pi-on, n. A single combatant ; a hero. — 
(Larc.) A judicial combatant. 

Chance (12), n. An event without an apparent 
cause ; a fortuitous event ; accident ; fortune. 

Syn. — Met by chance or accident ; favored by 

Chance, a. Fortuitous ; happening by chance. 

Chance, v. n. To happen ; to fall out ; to occur. 

tOHSNCE'FUL, a. Full of chance ; fortuitous. 

Chan'cel, n. The eastern part of a church, in 
which the altar is placed. 

Chan'cel-lqr, n. A high officer of state or of a 
university : — a judge of a court of equity or chan- 
cery. — The Lord High Chancellor of England pre- 
sides in the court of chancery. The Chancellor of 
the Exchequer has the general direction of the 

Chan'cel-i,pr-ship, n. The office of chancellor. 

ChAnce-Med'ley, k. (Za?c.) The casual killing 
of a person, when the slayer is doing a lawful act. 

ChAn'cer-y, n. {Law.) A liigh court of equity. 

ChAn'ce§, 71. pi. A branch of analysis, which 
treats of the probability of events. 

Chan'cre (shangk'er), n. A venereal ulcer. 

Chan'crous (shangk'rus), a. Having chancres. 

V^han-de-LIEr', n. A branch for candles or lamps. 

Chand'ler,m. a dealer: — as, a teHow-chandler. 

Chand'ler-y, 71. The articles sold by a chandler. 

tCHAN'DRY, n. A place where candles are kept. 

9han'frin, n. The fore part of the head of a horse. 

CHAN^tE, V. a. To put one thing in the place of 
another ; to alter ; to make different ; to exchange. 

Chan^-e, v. n. To imdergo change. 

Change, n. Variation ; alteration : — small money. 
Syn. — Change of circumstances ; variation of 
temperature ; alteration of a garment ; vicissitude 
of human affairs. 

Chan^^e'a-ble, a. Subject to change ; inconstant; 
variable ; mutable ; capricious ; fickle. 

Syn. — Changeable and variable are applied to 
persons or things ; mutable, to things ; inconstant, 
fickle, and capricious, chiefly to persons. Human 
beings are changeable, human affairs mutable. 
Changeable or variable climate. A person of ver- 
satile talents ; inconstant in his affections ; fickle 
orcapricious in his disposition or conduct. 

CHAN^E'A-BLE-NESS,7i. Instability; inconstancy. 

Chan(^e'a-bly, ad. Inconstantly ; variably. 

Chan^e'eOl, a. Pull of change ; changeable. 

Chan^^e'less. a. Invariable ; constant. 

Chan^e'LING, n. A child left or taken in the 
place of another : — an idiot : — one apt to change. 

Chang' er, 71. One who changes. 

Chan'nel, n. The hollow bed of running water: 
— a long cavity : — a strait : — a furrow of a pillar. 

Chan'nel, v. a. To cut in channels. 

Chant, v. a. To sing the church service ; to sing. 

Chant (12), v. n. To sing, as in the church service. 

ChAnt, n. A song ; a part of the church service. 

Chant'er, n._ One who chants ; a singer. 

Chan'ti-cleer, n. A cock ; a loud crower. 

Chan'tress, n. A woman who chants. 

Chan'try, 71. A chapel for priests to sing mass in. 

£!h^-6l'9-9^y, 71. A treatise on chaos. 

XSha'os, n. A confused mass of matter ; confusion. 

£!HA-6T'lc,a. Confused; indigested. 

*Chap (chap or chSp) [chop, S. W. P. J. F, Ja. C. ; 
chap, Sm. fVb.], v. a. & n. To cleave ; to split. 

*CnAP (chap or chop), n. A cleft ; an aperture 
*Chap (chop), n. A part of a beast « mouth. 
ChXp, n. A boy : — an abbreviation of chapman. 
Chape, n. A thin plate of metal at the point of a 

scabbard : — a catch of a buckle. 
Chapeau (shap'o), n. [Fr.] {Her.) A hat; 

a cap. 
Chap'el, n. A place of public worship : — a build- 
ing or place of worship subordinate to a churchi 

See Church. 
ChIpe'let, ) 71. A pair of stirrups with stirrup- 
ChXp'let, \ leathers attached. 
Chap'el-la-ny, n. A chapel and jurisdiction 

subordinate to some church. 
Chap'el-rYj n. The jurisdiction of a chapel. 
*pHAP' ER-ON[shi.p'GX-dn, Ja. j sh'ap-er-on', W.i 

shap'e-ron, P. ; ship'er-ong, K. Sm.], n. [Fr.] 

A kind of hood or cap. 
*9hap'er-on, v. a. To attend on a lady in public. 
Chap'fAl-len (cliop'fal-ln), a. Having the lower 

chap depressed : — dispirited ; silenced. 
Chap'i-ter, 7j. {Arch.) The capital of a Column. 
Chap'LAIN, 71. One who performs divine service 

in the army, navy, a public body, or a family. 

ChIpWshIp,!- The office of a chaplain. ' 

Chap'let, 71. A garland or wreath for the head. 

Chap'MAN, n. A buyer and seller ; a cheapener. 

CJaAP-PAR-RAL',n. [Sp.] A thicket of evergreen 
oaks : — a thicket of bramble-bushes. 

Chaps (chops), n. pi. The mouth of a beast. 

ChXp'ter, n. A division of a book: — an assem- 
bly of the clergy of a cathedral, comprising can- 
ons, prebendaries, &c., of which the dean is the 
head : — a decretal epistle. 

fCHAP'TER, V. a. To tax ; to correct. Dryden. 

Chap'trel, n. An impost or support of arches. ' 

Char, n. A delicate kind of fish. 

Char, v. a. To bum wood to a black cinder. 

Char or Chare, n. Work done by the day ; a 
small job : — in America, called chore. See Chore, 

Char or ChAre, D. 77. To work by the day. 

Char or Chare, v. a. To perform a business. 

jEhar'ac-ter, n. A distinctive mark, property, 
or quality by which any person or thing is distin- 
guished from others ; personal qualities , a mark; 
a letter : — a personage : — reputation. 

Syn. — A hieroglyphical character: a letter of 
the alphabet ; — a distinguished personage ; a man 
of unblemished character, and high reputation. 

J0Har'ac-ter, 7). 0. To inscribe ; to engrave. [iJ.] 

jeHSR-AC-TER-is'Tic, 71. That Which cliaracterizes. 

jChar-ac-ter-is'tJc, i a. Constituting or 

jeHAR-Ac-TER-is'Ti-cAL, ( agreeing with the 
character ; indicating character. 

jeHAR-Ac-TER-is'Ti-CAL-NESS, n. The quality of 
being characteristic. 

jGhar'ac-ter-Ize, v. a. To give a character of: 

— to engrave or imprint ; to mark with a stamp. 
Cha-rade' {sh^-XA(i'),n. [Fr.] A species of riddle. 
Char'coae, 71. Coal made by burning wood. 
CHARQtE, V. a. To intrust: — to impute as a debt : 

— to accuse : — to command ; to enjoin : — to load, 
Char(^e, v. n. To make an onset. 

Charge, 71. Care; precept ; mandate ; trust: — 
accusation ; imputation : — expense ; cost .- — at- 
tack ; onset : — a quantity of powder and ball. 

Char^^e'a-ble, a. Expensive ; costly , imputable. 

Char^e'a-ble-ness, 71. Expense ; cost. 

Charge d'affaires (shar-zha'daf-fAr'), n, 
[Fr.] A foreign minister of the third or lowest class, 

Charc^'er, 71. One who charges : — a large dish.- 

— a war-horse. 

Char'i-ly, ad. Warily ; frugally. 
Char'i-NESS, 71. Caution ; nicety. 
ChXr'i-qt, w^ A carriage of pleasure or state. 
CHXR-i-QT-EiiR', 71. One who drives a chariot. 
ChXr'it-a-BLE, a. Full of charity ; benevolent; 

kind ; bountiful ; candid ; liberal. 
Char'it-a-ble-ness, 71. Disposition to charity. 
Char'Jt-a-BLY, ad. Kindly ; benevolently. 

A, E, I, 6, u, Y, long; 1, fi, 1, 6, tJ, f, short; A, E, I, <?, y, V, obscure.— FARH, TAR, fAst, ALL; H£lE,niJRj 




CnXKf I-TT, n. Good affection ; tenderness ; love ; 

kindness ; benevolence ; candor ; liberality ; alms. 

Charivari (shar'e-va-re'), n. [Fr.] A mock 

serenade of vile, noisy music. 
Char'la-tan, ?i. A quack ; a mountebank. 
Char-LA-tan'i-cal, a. Qiiackish ; empirical. 
Char'la-ta>'-ry. 71. Quackery ; deceit. 
Charles's- Wain', re. {Astron.) The Great Bear, 

a constellation. 
Char'lock, n. A pernicious weed ; wild mustard. 
Charm, 71. A philter ; a spell , enchantment. 
Charm, v. a. To enchant ; to fascinate ; to delight. 
Syiu — Beauty cAanas ; music enchants; convet- 
eaXiun fascinated ; virtue delights. 
Charm, v. n. To act as a charm. 
Charm' ER, n. One who charms or enchants. 
Charm'fOl, a. Abounding with charms. 
Charm'ING, p. a. Highly pleasing ; delightful. 
Charm'}NG-l,v; ad. Delightfully. 
Charm' iNe-]v£ss, n. The power of pleasing. 
Char'nel, a. Containing liesh or dead bodies. 
Char'nel-HoOse, n. The place, under churches, 

where the bones of the dead are reposited. 
Char'RY, a. Burnt, as charcoal ; charred. 
Chart [chart, P. E. Sm. C. Wb. ; kart or chart, S. 
W.J. F. Ja. K.], n. A delineation of coasts, 
shoals, islands, rocks, &c. ; a map. 
jEhar-ta'ceous (-shus), a. Resembling paper. 
ChIr'ter, v. a. To let or hire, as a vessel : — to 

establish by charter ; to incorporate. 
Char'ter, 7i. A writing bestowing privileges or 

rights: — privilege; immunity. 
Ch^r'ti:r-Land, 71. {Law.) Land held by charter. 
Char'ter-Par'tv, 7j. (Com.) An indenture or 
agreement between merchants and seafaring men 
relating to merchandise. 
Char-ti§m, re. The principles of tho Chartists. 
CHAR'TiST,'n. An adherent to the charter: — a 

radical reformer in England. 
Char'y, a. Careful ; cautious ; sly ; wary. 
Chase, v. a. To hunt ; to pursue ; to drive. 
Chase,?!. Hunting; pursuit: — ground stored with 
game: — the frame into which types made into 
pages are fastened : — bore of a gun. 
Chas'er, 71. One who chases ; a pursuer. 
£!hX§M, 7!. A cleft ; an opening ; a vacuity. 
fHAS-SEiJR' ,n. [Fr.] A hunter ; a horseman. 
Chaste, a. Observing chastity ; modest ; without 

taint ; pure ; uncorrupt. 
Chaste'ly, ad. In a chaste manner. 
*Chast'en (chas'sn) [chas'tn, S. JV. J. E. Ja. ; 
chas'sn, P. F. Sm. C. R.], v. a. To chastise ; to 
correct ; to punish. 
■^Chast'en-er, re. One vi^ho chastens. 
Chaste'ness, n. Chastity ; purity. 
Chas-ti^'a-ble, a. That may be chastised. 
Chas-ti§e',?'. a. To punish ; to correct ; to chasten. 
Syn. — Parents chastise their children ; magis- 
trates punish criminals. — Chastise, correct, or 
chasten in order to amendment. 
ChXs'ti^e-MiSnt [chas'tjz-ment, S. W. .T. F. Ja. 
K. Sm. C. Wb. ; chas-tiz'ment or chas'tiz-ment, 
' P.],n. Act of chastising; punishment. 

Sxjn. — Afflictions are regarded as Xhe chastisc- 
menU of providence ; the punishment of criminals 
is the penalty of the law. 
Chas-tTsj'er, n. One who chastises. 
ChXs'TI-TY [chas'te-te, W. J. E. F. Ja. Sm. C. Wb. : 
chas'te-te, S. P.], re. State of being chaste ; pu- 
rity ; modesty. 
Chat, c. n To prate ; to converse at ease. 
ChAt, re. Idle or famiUar talk ; prate. [try seat. 
C//^T.E/li7(shat-6'), re. [Fr.] A castle; a coun- 
^llAT'EL-LA-NV [shat'ellen-e, S. E. F. Ja. C. ; 
chat'el-len-e, W. P.], re. The district of a castle. 
CllA-Tof'ANT, a. [Fr.] Of changeable lustre. 
Chat'teL (chat'tl or chat'el) [chat'tl, S. W. J. F. 
E. Sm. Wb. ; chiit'el, P. Ja. K. R. C], re. Any 
movable property or goods ; furniture. 
ChAt'ter, -w. 71. To make a noise like birds, or 
with the teeth ; to talk idly or carelessly. 

ChXt'TER, n. Noise of birds ; idle prate ; chat. 
Ch.At'ter-box, re. An incessant talker. 
Chat'ter-er,«. One who chatters; an idle talker. 
Chat'ter-ing, re. Idle or unprofitable talk; 

ChXt'ty, a. Chattering ; conversing freely. 
ChAt'wood (chat'wud), re. Little sticks ; fuel. 
Chau'fer, re. [Fr.J A small table-furnace. 
ChAunt (chSnt), v. & re. See Ch.^nt. 
ChAv'en-der, n. The chub ; the cheven ; a fish. 
Chaw, \i. a. To chew. Dnjden. See Chew. 
■fCHAW'DRON, re. Entrails. Shak. 
CHiiAP (chgp), a. Bearing a low price ; common. 
Cheap'EN (che'pn), v. a. To attempt to buy ; to 
chaffer : — to make cheap ; to lessen the value of. 
Chijap'en-er, re. One who cheapens. 
Cheap'ly (chep'le), ad. At a small price. 
Cheap'NESS, re. Lowness of price. 
Cheat, tj.o. To defraud ; to impose upon ; to trick. 
Cheat, n. A fraud ; trick : — a deceiver ; a cheater. 
Chisat'er, re. One who cheats or practises fraud. 
Check, v. a. To repress , to curb : — to reprove. 
Check, v. n. To stop ; to clash ; to interfere. 
Check, re. A stop , restramt ; curb: — a reproof: — 
an order for money : — a kind of linen or cotton 
cloth, woven m squares or plaids. 
Check'er, v. a. To vary ; to diversify. 
Check'er. re._ One who checks ; a rebuker. 
ChE;ck'er-Board,m. Aboard to play checkers on. 
Check'er^, n. pi. A game on a checker-board. 
Check'less, a. Uncontrollable ; violent. 
Check'mAte, re. A movement on a chess-board 

that gains and ends the game. 
Check'mAte, v. a. To defeat or control by a 

movement ; to put in check ; to finish. 
Cheek, 7^ The side of tho face below the eye. 

Cheek'bone, re. The bono of the cheek. 

Cheek'tooth, n. The hinder tooth. 

Cheer, re. Entertainment ; gayety : — shout of joy. 

Cheer, v. a. To incite ; to encourage ; to applaud ; 
to exhilarato ; to enliven , to animate. 

Cheer, v. re. To grow gay or cheerful. 

CHiJER'ER, n. One who cheers. 

*CHEiiR'Fi)L [chSr'ful, P.J. E. Ja. Sm. C. Wb.; 
clier'ful, S. ; cher'ful or cher'ful, W. F. K.], a. 
Animated ; moderately joyful ; lively ; gay. 

Syn. — A cheerful countenance; animated ex- 
pression ; lively imagination ; gay color. 

*Cheer'fOl-ly, ad. In a cheerful mannet. 

*CHEER'FfjL-NESS, re. Animation ; mirth. 

Syn. — Habitual cheerfulness ; occasional mirth ; 
animation in manner of speaking. 

Cheer'1-ly, arf. Cheerfully; briskly. 

Cheer'less, a. Without gayety or gladness. 

Cheer'ly, a. Brisk; gay; cheerful. 

Cheer'ijp, v. a. To animate ; to cherup. 

CHEiiR'Y, a. Gay ; sprightly ; merry ; cheerful. 

Cheese, re. Food made of the curd of milk. 

Chee^e'cake, n. A cake of curds, sugar, &c. 

Chee§e'-Mon-GER, re. One who deals in cheese. 

Chee§e'-Press, 71. An engine for pressing curds. 

Chee§e'-Vat, re. A wooden case for curds. 

Chef-d'cevvre (sh!^-d6vi'),n. [Fr.] A capital 
performance ; a masterpiece. 

Che'goe, n. An insect. See Chigre. 

jeniJ'LY, n. The claw of a shell-fish. 

jEHfiM'ic (kSm'ik), a. Same as chemical. 

jEhem'J-cal, a. Pertaining to chemistry. 

CHEM'i-CAL-LY, ad. In a chemical mannei; 

Che-mi$e' (she-mez'),n. [Fr.] A shift. 

PhSm-i-^ette', n. [Fr.] An under waistcoat. 

.Chem'ist, re. A person versed in chemistry. 

jBHEM'is-TRY, re. A science which investigates 
tho composition, the nature, and properties of ma- 
terial substances, and their mutual combinatious; 

ChEq'ueR (chek'er), v. & n. See Checker. 

CHfiR'lsii,7). a. To support; toencoiirago; tonurs*. 

ChEr'Jsii-er, m. One who cherishes. 

Che-r66t', re. A sort of cigar for smoking. 

CniiR'ay, n. A small stone-fruit. 

ChEr'RY, a. Red ; ruddy ; like a cherry. 

MIEN, slR; MOVE, NOR, SON J bOll, BUR, rCle. — 9, 9, g,so/i!,- jG ,«, £,|, Aari; §asz; 3f 05gz: THIS 




CHER'RY-PTTj^n. A child's play with cherry-stones. 

Cher'ry-Tree, n. A tree that bears cherries. 

jeHER'so-NESE (ker'so-nSs). n. A peninsula. 

Chert, n. (Min.) A kind of flint ; hornstone. 

CHERT'y, a. Like chert ; flinty. 

Cher'vb, n. ; pi. cher'vb§ and CHfiR'y-BiM. 
A celestial spirit ; an angel. 

Che-rO'bic (122), ) a. Relating to cherubs or 

Che-rO'ei-cal, \ cherubim ; angelic. 

Cher'u-bim, re. The Hebrew plural of Cherub. 

Cher'V-bin, a. Cherubic ; angelical. 

Cher'vp, f. n. To chirp ; to use a cheerful voice. 

Cher'vp, v. a. To quicken ; to chirrup. 

Chess, n. A scientific game, in which two sets of 
men are moved in opposition to each other. 

Chess'-Board, n. A board for playing chess. 

Ches'sel, n. A vat in which cheese is formed. 

Chess'-MXn, n. A piece or puppet for chess. 

Chest, re. A large box or coffer: — the thorax of 
the human body ; breast. 

Chest'ed, a. Having a chest. 

Chest'nut (ches'nut), n. A fruit : a nut. 

Chest'nut, a. Colored like a chestnut : brown. 

CHEST'NVT-TREE,re. A tree that bears chestnuts. 

Chev-a-lier' (she-v-s.-\ex'),n. [Ft.] A knight : 
a gallant man ; a cavalier. 

Chevaux-de-frise (shev'o-de-frez'), n. pi. 
[Fr.] {Fort.) A piece of timber furnished with 
spikes to defend a passage. 

Chev'er-Tl, n. A kid : — kid-leather. 

Chev' i-f!ANCE{shh-v'e-zins),n. [Fr.l Enterprise. 

Chev'ron (jihey'to'a),n. [Fr.j {Her.) An honor- 
able ordinary. — {Arch.) A zigzag ornament. 

^HEV'RpNED (shev'r9nd), a. Shaped like a chev- 

Chev'RO-NEL, 7t. A diminutive of Chevron. 

Chew ^chu), v. a. To crush or grind with the 
teeth ; to masticate ; to ruminate. 

Chew (chu), v. n. To ruminate : — to meditate. 

Chew'ing (chu'jng), re. Mastication. 

fiHi-'A' Ro-os-cu' Rd or ^Hi-'A'Rd SctT'RO, n. 
[It.] The art of combining light and shade in 
painting ; clare-obscure. 

jEhi-Xs'to-lite, re. {Min.) Hollow -spar, a min- 
eral found in clay-slate. 

CHi-CANE',re. A mean trick of art ; chicanery. 

ChJ-Cane', v. re. To prolong a contest by tricks. 

ChJ-can'ER, n. One guilty of chicanery. 

ChJ-ca'ner-y, re. Mean arts of wrangling : tricks. 

CHic'cp-RY, re. A perennial plant; succory. 

ChIck, re. The young of a bird ; a chicken. 

ChTck'a-DEE, re. The black-cap titmouse. 

Chick'en, re. The young of a bird, particularly of 
a hen : — a term for a young person. 

Chick'en-heart-ED, a. Cowardly ; timorous. 

Chick'en-P6x, re. A mild, eruptive disease. 

ChTck'l?ng, re. A small chicken. 

ChTck'pea (chik'pS), re. A kind of pea. 

Chick'weed, re. An annual weed or plant. 

Chide, v. a. \i. chid ; pp. chiding, chidden or 
CHID. } To reprove ; to scold ; to check ; to censure. 

Chide, v. re. To clamor ; to scold. 

Chid'er, n. One who chides. 

Chid'ing, re. Rebuke; quarrel: — noise; sound. 

Chief, a. Principal ; most eminent ; first : primary. 
Syn. — Chief city ; principal person -.first in rank. 

Chief, n. A commander ; loader ; head. 

Syn. — CAic/ among savages; commander of an 
army ; leader of a party ; head of a family. 

Chief'ly, ad. Principally; eminently. 

Chief'tain, n. A leader ; a commander. 

Chief tain-ry, I re. State or rank of a chief- 

CHIEF'TAiN-SHfP, \ tain. 

fHiF-FON-NiER', re. [Fr.] A rag-picker. 
ChIg're (chig'gur). re. A small insect of the flea 

kind, that penetrates under the skin. 
Chil'blain, re. A sore or inflammation in the 

feet, hands, &c., caused by cold or frost. 
Child, n. ; pi. chIl'dren. An infant; a very 

young person ; a son or daughter ; offspring. 
Child'BEAr-ING, re. Act of bearing children. 

ChTld'bEd, n. The state of a woman in labor. 

Child'birth, 71. _ The act of bringing forth. 

ChIl'der-mas-Day', re. The day on which t>j 
feast of the holy Innocents is solemnized, Dec. 98. 

Child'hood (chlld'hiid), re. The state of chil- 
dren ; infancy ; the properties of a child. 

Child'ish, a. Like a child ; trifling ; puerile. 

Child'jsh-ly, ad. In a childish, trifling manner 

Child'jsh-ness, n. Puerility; triflingness. 

Child'l,j:ss, a. Having no child. 

Child'like, a. Like or becoming a child. 

Chil'i-ad (kil'e-ad), n. A thousand. 

CH'iL-i-A-HE'DRpN,™, A figure of a thousand sides 

CHlL'i-ARjeH, 71. A commander of a thousand. 

CHiL'i-AR-£HY, re. A body of a thousand men. 

CHiL'i-X§M, re. The millennium. 

J0HIL'I-AST, re. One of a sect of millenarians. 

Chil-'i-fXc'tive, ffl. See Chylifactive. I 

Chill, a. Cold ; depressed ; cold of temper. 

ChIll, re. Chilliness , a shivering ; cold. 

Chill, v. a. To make cold ; to depress ; to blast 

Chill'I-NESS, re. A sensation of shivering. 

Chill'ness, h. Coolness ; coldness ; chilliness. 

Chil'ly, a. Somewhat cold. — ad. Coldly- 

Chime, re. A sound of bells ; concord of sound: — 
the ends of a barrel, &c. ; chimb or chine. 

ChIme, v. re. To sound in harmony , to agree. 

Chime, v. a. To move, strike or cause to sound 
in harmony. 

Chim'er, re. One who chimes bells. 

Chi-Me'ra, re. [chimera, L.j PI. £;hi-ME'RA§, 
A feigned monster: — an odd fancy ; iliusion. 

^HI-MERE', re. A robe. See Simar. 

jBhi-mer'i-cal, a. Imaginary ; /a7!ci/«i ; unreal. 

Chi-mer'J-cal-LY, ad. In a chimerical manner. 

CHfM'NEY (chim'ne), re. ;pl. chim'ney^. A pas- 
sage through which smoke ascends ; a flue. 

Chim'ney-Cor'ner, re. The fireside. 

Chim'ney-Piece (chim'ne-pes), re. The orna- 
mental work round a fireplace. 

Chim'ney-Sweep-er, re. A cleaner of chimneys. 

Chin, n. The lowest part of the human face. 

Chi'na [chl'na, P. E. Ja. K. Sm. C. fVb. ; cha'ns, 
S. ; chi'n? or cha'na, W. if.], re. Porcelain. 

Chin'ca-pin, re. A nut-tree ; dwarf chestnut. 

Ch'in'cough (chin'kof), re. A violent cough. 

Chine, re. The backbone or spine: — the ends ot 
a barrel or cask : — written also chime and chimb. 

Chine, v. a. To cut into pieces or chines. 

Chined (chind), a. Having a chine. 

CHl-NE§E',n. The language or people of China. 

ChIn'GLE (shing'gl), re. Gravel free from dirt, 

ChTnk, re. A narrow aperture ; an opening. 

Chink, v. a. To shake so as to make a sound. 

Chink, v. re. To sound by striking each other, 

Chink'y, a. Having chinks or narrow clefts. 

ChIntz, n. Cotton cloth printed with colors. 

Chip, v. a. To cut into small pieces ; to hack. 

Chip, v. re. To break or crack ; to chap. 

Chip, re. A small piece cut or broken off. 

Chip'-Xxe, re. A one-handed plane-axe. 

Chip'ping, 71. Act of cutting off; a chip. 

(;hT-ra' GRA,n. [L.J {Med.) Gout in the hand. 

Chi-rXg'ri-CAL, a. Having the gout in the hand. 

ChT'RO-grXph, re. {Law.) A deed or public in- 
strument in writing properly attested : — a fine. 

jEhi-ROG'ra-pher, re. A writer. — (-Ere^. iaw.) 
An officer in the common pleas, who engrosses 

jEhi-rq-grXph'ic, I a. Relating to chirog- 

CHi-RQ-GRXPH'i-CAL, j Mphy ; written. 

Chi-rog'ra-phIst, re. A chirographer. 

CHl-ROG' Art of writing ; handwriting. 

CHi-R6L'0-9Y,n. Art of conversing by the hands 
and fingers ; dactylology. 

*;eHl'Rp-MXN-CER 07- Chir'O-mXn-CER, n. One 
who foretells future events by inspecting the 
*£!hi'rP-MXn-CY [kl'ro-man-se., S. E. Ja. K. Sm. 
C. ; klr'o-man-se, W. J. F. Wb. ; ki rom'jtn-se, 
P.], re. Divination by inspecting the hand. 

i,f.,\ 3, U, y, long; X,£,l, 6, 0. f, short; A, E, I, p, V, Y, obscure.— FkRE, FAR, F>;sT, ALL; hI;ir,he«< 




jEht-Eon'O-MY, n. The science or rules of gestic- 
ulation and pantomime. 

jBhi-rop'O-dist, n. A surgeon for the hands and 
feet, or for corns and bunyons. 

Chirp, v. n. To make a cheerful noise, as birds. 

Chirp, n. The voice of birds or insects. 

CHlRP'iNe, n. The gentle noise of birds. 

Chir'rup, v. a. To quicken ; to cheerup. Cowper. 

fjeHi-R(]R'(^E-ON, n. A surgeon. 

jjeHl-RiJR'c^E-RV, n. Surgery. 

tJ0Hi-Ri]R'9ic or jeni-RiJR'qti-CAL, a. Surgical. 

ChT§'el, n. A tool for paring wood or stoue. 

Chi^'el, v. a. To cut or carve with a chisel. 

ChIt, n. A child ; a baby : — a sprout of corn. 

Chit'chat, 11. Prattle ; idle talk ; chat. 

CHiT'TER-LiNG§, n. pi. The bowels of an eatable 

♦^hi-val'ric [she-val'rik, Sm. ; chiv'al-rTk, 
Craig], a. Relating to cliivalry ; chivalrous. 

♦Chiv'al-roOs, a. Relating to chivalry ; gallant. 

*CHiv'AL-Ry or Cmv'AL-RY [shiv'jl-fe, S. P. E. 
Ja. K.' Sm. Wb. ; chiv'al-re, IV. J. F. R. CI, n. 
The system of knighthood in the middle ages, 
with its usages and customs ; knighthood ; tile 
body of knights. 

Chives [chivz, fV. P. F. J. Ja. Sm. C. Wb. ; shivz, 
S, £.], n. pi. Threads or filaments in flowers. 

jBhlo'rate, n. {Cliem.) A salt composed of 
chloric acid and a base. 

£!hlo'ride, n. A substance compounded of chlo- 
rine and a combustible body. 

jBhlo'rine, M. (Cliem.) A gaseous fluid obtained 
from common salt, called also oxymuriatic acid. 

JBhlo'rq-form, 71. (Ckem.) A liquid obtained 
by distilling a mixture of chloride of lime with 
diluted alcohol ; — used to produce insensibility in 
surgical operations. [opal. 

jEhlor-o'pal,?!. (Min.) A mineral associated with 

jBhlo-ro'sis, 71. (_Mcd.) The greensiclaiess. 

jEhlo-rot'ic, a. Affected by chlorosis. 

Choak (chok), V. a. See Choke. 

Chock, h. A sort of wedge to confine a cask. 

Chock'-fOll, a. Q.uite full ; choke-full. 

Choc'p-late, n. A preparation of the cocoa- 
nut ; also the liquor made by a solution of it. 

Choice, n. The power or act of choosing ; elec- 
tion ; option : — the best part : — the thing chosen. 

Choice, a. Select ; precious; very valuable. 

CHofcE'LY, ffiii. Curiously; excellently. 

ChoTce'ness, n. Excellence ; niceness. 

jBhoir (kvvlr) [kwlr, S. IV. Ja. Sm.. C. fVb. ; kwlr 
or kbir, P. J. F. ; koTr, E.],n. An assembly or 
band of singers ; quire : — the part of a church 
where the singers are placed : — the chancel. 

Choke, 7). a. To suffocate ; to stop up ; to suppress. 

Choke, v. n. To be choked or obstructed. 

Choke, n. The capillary part of an artichoke. 

Choke'-DXmp, n. Carbonic acid; a noxious va- 
por in coal-mines and wells. 

Choke'-fOll, a. As full as possible ; chock-full. 

Choke '-Pear, n. An unpalatable kind of pear. 

Chok'er, 71. He or that which chokes or silences. 

Chok'v, a. Tending to choke ; suffocating. 

jGhol'er, 71. The bile ; anger ; rage. 

£!h6l'e-ra, n. FL.] {Mai.) A malignant dis- 
ease accompanied by vomiting and purging, with 
great pain ; cholera-morbus. 

Cflo/J e-ra-Mok' BUS,n. [L.] A painful disease. 

jBhoe'iPR-Ic (122), a. Full of choler ; angry; 

jBHoL'ER-ic-TJfiss, 71. Irascibility. 

jBho-li-^M'bic, n. A kind of verse. 

Choose, v. a. [i. chose ; pp. choosing, choseit.] 
To prefer ; to pick out ; to select ; to elect. 

Sijn. — Cliaone a friend, a situation ; prefer what 
suits best ; pick out the finest fruit ; select the best 
authors ; elect the best candidates. 

Choo^je, v. n. To have power of choice ; to prefer. 

Ciioo^'er, 7!. One who chooses. 

Chop, via. To cut with a quick blow : — to barter. 

Chop, v. n. To do any thing with a quick motion. 

Chop, 77. A small piece of meat ; a cleft. — {China.) 

A permit: — stamp; quality. 
Chop'fal-len (-fal'ln), a. See Chapfallen. 
Chop'-House, 77. A liouse of entertainment. 
Chopin (chop'jn or chg-pen') [cho-pen', W. J. Ja.^ 

chop'jn, P. F. C. ; shg-pen', S.], n. [clwpine, Pr.J 

A French liquid measure. 
Chop'per, 77. One who chops ; a cleaver. 
Chop'ping, p. a. Stout ; as, " a chopping boy." 
Chops, 7i. pi. The moutli of a beast. See Chaps. 
Chop'stIck, 77. An instrument used in China, 

&c. toeat with. 
PHO-ra'gus, n. [L.] A leader of a chorus. 
jBho'ral, a. Belonging to, or singing in, a choir. 
jCHc'RAii-LV, ad. In the manner of a chorus. 
Chord, 77. The string of a musical instrument : — 

a certain combination of notes ; harmony.— 

( Oeom.) ^ right line which joins the two ends of 

an arc of a circle. 
Chord, v. a. To furnish with strings. 
Chor-dee',77. {Med.) A contraction of the frffinum. 
Chore, 77. A small job. [[/. S.] See Char. 
Cho-RI-am'bic, 77. The foot of a verse, consisting 

of four syllables ; as, anziStas. 
£;h6'ri-5n, 77. {Aiiat.) The exterior membrane 

that inwraps the foetus. 
Cho'rist [ko'rist, K. Sm. C. Wb.; kbr'ist, Ja.], 

n. A singer in a choir ; a chorister. 
Chor'is-ter [kor'js-ter, J. E. Ja. Sm. C. Wb.; 

kwir'is-ter, W. F.; kwer'is-ter, S. ; kor'js-ter or 

kwlr'is-ter, P. ^.J, 77. A singer in cathedrals, or 

ina concert : — a leader of a choir. 
Cho'ro-grXph, 77. An instrument or kind of 

protractor, used for constructing certain triangles. 
Cho-rog'ra-pher, 77. A writer of chorography. 
jCHd-RP-GRAPH'l-CAIi, a. Descriptive of regions. 
Cho-rog'ra-phy, 77. The description of a place j 

art of forming maps of particular regions. 
jEhc'rus, 77. [L.] L. pi. ^Ho'Ri; Eng. Bho'- 

rijs-e§. a number of singers; a concert : — a 

song : — verses of a song in which tlie company 

jojn the singer. 
Cho^e, 7. From Choose. See Choose. 
Cho'^en (cho'zn), p. From Choose. 
Chough (chuf), n. A kind of sea-bird. 
ChoOse, v. a. To cheat ; to trick. 
Chouse, 7?. A bubble ; a trick or sham : — a tool. 
Chow'der, n. Food made of fresh fish boiled 

with biscuit, pork, &c. 
Chres-tom'a-thy, 77. A book of instruction. 
Chrism, 77. Unction used in sacred ceremonies. 
Chri^'mal (kriz'nial), a. Relating to chrism. 
jEHRj^-MA'TigN, 77. Act of applying chrism. 
ChrI^'ma-to-RV, 77. A little oil-vessel. 
jChris'ten (kris'sn), v. a. To baptize and name. 
£HRis'TEN-DOM (kris'sn-diim), 77. The regions 

of which the inhabitants profess Christianity ; the 

whole body of Christians. 
CHRis'TEN-iNG (krls'sn-ing), 77. Baptism. 
Chris'tian (krist'yan), 77. A disciple of Christ j 

a believer in Christianity: — in the most general 

sense, an inhabitant of Christendom. 
Chris'tian (krist'yan), a. Pertaining to Christ 

or Christianity ; ecclesiastical. 
CHRis'TlAN-i^M, n. The Christian religion. 
£hris-ti-Xn'i-ty (krlst-ye-an'e-te) [krls-che-an'- 

e-te, W. J.: kris-tyiin'e-te, S. E. Sm.; kris-te- 

5n'e-te, P. Ja. ; kris-tye-an'e-te, F.], n. The re- 
ligion taught by Christ, or that of Christians. 
ChrIs'tian-ize, v. a. To convert to Christianity. 
CHRfs'TiAN-LY, o. Becoming a Christian. 
Chris'tian-ly, ad. Like a Christian. 
jCiiris'tian-Name, 71. A name given in baptism. 
CHRf st'MAS (krls'mas), 77. The festival of Christ's 

nativity, Dec. 25 ; Christmas-day. 
CnRiST'MAS-B6x,77. A box for presents ; a present. 
fc'iiR!S-T6l.'p-GY,77. A treatise relating to Christ. 
CilRo'MA, 71. [Gr.] {Mas.) A soft kind of music 
Chrp-mat'ic, a. Relating to color, or to music. 
Chrom-a-tog'ra-phv, 71. A discourse on colors. 
jChrome, 77. A sort of metal ; chromium. 

MlEN, siRj m6ve,nor,s6n; bOll,bUr,rOle — 9,9,^,«o/t) e,e,,c,l,hard! §aszj i(.asgz: seiiia, 




CHRO'MT-t'iM, n. A whitish, brittle metal. 

£!iir6'mOle, n. The coloring-matter of leaves. 

fJHRoN'lc, I a. Relating to time: — of long 

jEiiron'i-cal, j duration, as a disease ; opposed 
to acute. 

€!hr6n'i-cle, n. An historical register of events ; 
annals ; archives ; a record ; a history. 

jEhron'i-cle, v. a. To record ; to register. 

£!hr6n'i-cler, 71. A recorder of events ; his- 

JEhron'o-gram, n. An inscription in which the 
date is expressed by numeral letters. 

£!hr5n-p-gram-mat'i-cal, a. Belonging to a 

£hr5n-p-gram'ma-tist, 78. A writer of chron- 

jBiiko-no&'ra-pher, 7!. A writer of chronology. 

j6hrp-n6g'ra-phv, n. Description of past time. 

£!HRp-N6L'o-(,iER, * n. One who is versed in 

JEflRp-NOL'p-i^tST, \ chronology. 

jeHR6N-p-L6(,i'lc, ) a. Denoting periods of time; 

jeHRON-p-LO(^'x-CAL, \ relating to chronology. 

jBHRON-p-Loc^J'i-CAL-LY, ad. By chronology. 

jBHRp-NOL'p-qtY, n. The science of computing 
and adjusting the dates of events or the periods of 
time : — a tabular view of events and dates. 

jEuro-nom'e-ter, 7i. A time-keeper, or instru- 
ment for measuring time with great exactness. 

jEhrys'a-lId, a. Relating to chrysalis. 

£!HRYS'A-L1S, 71.; pi. je;HRY-SAL.'l-DE§. {Ent.) 
The pupa of an insect ; aurelia. 

Chrvh-an' TJiE-MUM, n. [L.] A genus of plants. 

jenRY-soG'RA-PHV, n. An of writing in gold. 

jBllRYS'p-LlTE, 77. A precious stone. 

jEHRV-soL'p-qJY, 77. Tliat branch of political econ- 
omy which relates to the production of wealth. 

jEllRYS'p-PRASE, 77. [ckrysoprasus, L.j A pale- 
green precious stone. 

Chub, u. A river fish. 

Chub'bed, u. Big-headed, like a chub; chubby. 

ChCb'bv, a. Plump ; short and thick. 

Chuck, v. n. To make a noise like a hen. 

Chuck, v. a. To call as a hen : — to strike gently ; 
to throw, by a quick motion ; to pitch. 

Chuck, ?i. The voice of a hen : — a pat or blow : 
— a part of a turning-machine. 

CiitJCK'-FAR-THiNG, 77. A play. 

ChOc'kle, 7,'. 77. To laugh convulsively ; to laugh 
inwardly with triumph. 

CntJc'KLE, 7;. a. To call as a hen : — to fondle. 

(UlUFF, 77. A coarse, fat-headed, blunt clown. 

Chuff'y, (7. Blunt; fat; surly; angry. 

ChTim, 77. A chamber-fellow in a college, &c. 

Chump, 7i. A thick, heavy piece of wood. 

(Jhu'nam, 77. Stucco made of calcined shells. 

Chunk, 7i. A short, thick piece of wood. Ray. 

ChUrch, 77. The collective body of Christians : — 
a particular body of (J^hri.stians : — a place of di- 
vine worship: — the clerical hody in distinction 
from the laity : — ecclesiastical authority. 

Syii. — Tlie use of cliiircli in the sense of a house 
of public worship is limited, in England, to houses 
of the kind belonging to the episcopal or established 
form of religion, the houses of public worship 
among the dissenters being .styled mcetintr-ltousca 
or ckapcls ; but in this country, this distinction is 
not strictly adhered to. 

CHiiRCH,?). a. To assist to return thanks in church. 

Church'-ale, 77. A wake or feast in commemo- 
ration of the consecration of a church. 

CHiJRCH'DpM, 77. Church government. 

CHi'RCH'-Go-ER, 77. One who attends church. 

Chi'rch'ing, 77. Act of returning thanks in church. 

CHiiRCH'MAN, 77. An ecclesiastic: — an Epis- 

CHiJRCH'MAN-SHTP, 77. State of a churchman. 

CHiJRCH-WAR'DEN, 77. An officer of the church. 

Church'yard, 77. The burial-ground adjoining 
a church, or belonging to a church. 

CHiJRL, 77. A surly, ill-bred man : — a miser. 

Churl'isHjO. Rude ; brutal ; selfish : — avaricious. 

Churl'ish-NESS, 77. Rudeness : — niggarf/linesi 
Churn, 77. A vessel in which cream is churned. 
Churn, v. a. To agitate ; to make butter. 
Churn'ing, 77. The act of making butter. 
Churn'stAff, 77. An instrument employed foi 

CHiJsE, V. a. See Choose. 

Chv-la'ceoi.js (ki-la'shys), a. Belonging tochylei 
jEhyle, 77. A milky fluid formed in the stomach, 

and separated from the chyme. 
*£!HVL-!-FAC'TipN, 77. The process of making 

*£!hyl-i-fXc'tive or Chy-li-fac'tive [kil-e- 

fak'tiv, JV. R. C. iVb. ; kl-le-fak'tjv, S. P. Ja.K. 

Sm.], a. Making chyle. 
*jeHYL-!-F!-CA'TipN,7!. The act of making chyle, 
*jeHY'Lbus (ki'lus), a. Consisting of chyle. 
Chyme, 77. A soft pap produced in the stomach 

by the digestion of food. 
.Chvm'is-try, 77. See Chemistry. 
Ci-ba'ri-OUS, a. Relating to food ; edible. 
ClB'pL, 77. A sort of small onion. 
Ci-ca' DA,n. [L.] (Eiit.) An insect ; a sort of locust. 
Cic'A-TRicE,'77. [cicatrU, L.] A scar left by a 

wound. _ 
C'ic-A-TR]'§ANT,77. That Which induces a cicatrice. 
Cl'c-A-TRl'siVE, a. That induces a cicatrice. 
Cic-A-TRJ-ZA'TipN, 7!. Act of healing a wound. 
Cic'a-trize, t;. a. To heal a wound ; to skin over. 
Cicerone (che-che-ro'ne or sis-e-ro'ne) [che'- 

clie-ro-ne, Ja. : che-cha-ro'na, S7?7. ; sjs-e-ro'ne, 

Wb.], n. [It.] It. pi. CICERONI (ciie-che- 

ro'iie), Eng. ci'^'-E-RO'NE§. A guide; one wlio 

explains curiosities or antiquities. 
Cl9'E-RO'Ni-AN, a. Resembling Cicero. 
CT^-e-ro'ni-an-T^M, 77. An imitation of Cicero. 
CiciSBEO (che-chis-ba'oo7-se-sis'be-o) [che-chjs- 

ba'6, S77i. ; chich-is'be-6, K. ; che-chiz'be-o, C. ; 

se-sTs'be-o, Wb.], n. [It.] A gallant attending 

a lady ; a dangler about females. 
CT'DER, 77. The juice of apples fermented. 
CT'di:r-kin, 77. An inferior kind of cider. 
C/-0£r^iVT(se-de-vang'), ad. [Fr.] Formerly. 
ClEL'lNG, 77. See Ceiling. 
Cl-GAR', 77. A little roll of tobacco for smoking. 
CiL'lA-RY (sTl'ya-re), a. Relating to the eyelids. 
Cl-Ll"cioi.JS (se-lish'us), a. Made of hair. 
CrMA,7i. {Arch.) A kind of moulding. 
Cim'e-ter, 77. A short Turkish sword ; scymitar. 
Cim-Me'ri-an, a. [Cimmerii, L.] Extremely dark. 
CiM'p-LlTE, 77. {Mln.) A grayish-white clay. 
Cin-cho'na, n. Peruvian or Jesuit's bark. 
Cinct'ure (sinkt'yiir), 77. A band worn round 

tlie head or body ; a belt ; a sash ; a girdle. 
Cin'der, 77. Relics of burnt coal or wood: — 

ashes :^- a mass ignited and quenched. 
CIn'e-r^-RY, a. Relating to or like ashes. 
Cin-e-ra'tion, 77. The act of reducing to ashes. 
Ci-Ne're-ous, a. Like ashes ; ash-colored. 
CfN-E-Rl"Tloi;s (sin-e-rish'us), a. Like ashes. 
("Tn'gle (sTng'gl), 77. Girth for a horse ; surcingle. 
CiN'NA-BAR, 71. A red sulphuret of mercury. 
CiN'NA-MON, 7i. A tree of Ceylon: — the spicy 

bark of the tree. 
C/i\'Qi^£(singk),77. [Fr.] The number five in dice. 
CInque'foil (slngk'fbil), 77. Five-leaved clover. 
Ci'PN, 77. A shoot to be engrafted. See Scion. 
CT'PHER, 77. The arithmetical character (0) : — a 

figure ; a character : — a secret manner of writing, 

or a key to it. 
CT'PHER, V. n. To practise arithmetic ; to compute. 
Ct'PHER, 7). a. To write in occult characters. 
Ci'pher-Tng, 77. The practice of arithmetic. 
ClR-CEN'SlAN (sir-sen'shan), a. Of the circus. 
Cir'ci-nate, 7). a. To make a circle. [R.] 
(;iR-ci-NA'TipN, 77. An orbicular motion, [il.] 
Ci'r'cle, 77. A curved line continued till it ends 

where it began, having all its parts equidistant 

from a common centre : — the space included in a 

circular line : — a round body ; an orb ; a sphere ; 

a globe : — a compass : — a circumlocution : — a 

A, E, I, o, u, y, long ; X, fi, i, 6, C, ?, short ; A, E, 1, 9, 1;, y, obscure.— fAre, far, fAst, All h£ir, herj 




class of people ; a community ; a company : — a 
district ; a province. 

Cir'cle, v. a. To move round ; to enclose. 

C'iR'cLE, V. 71. To move circularly. 

Cir'clet (si'r'klet;, n. A little circle. 

CiR'co-SELE, n. See Cirsoce 

C'ir'cuit (sir'kit), n. Act of moving round : — the 
space enclosed ; extent : — a course : — visitation 
of judges : — a district or tract of country visited 
by the judges of i court. 

C'ir'cuit (sir'kjt), v. a. To move round. 

CiR-cuiT-iiiiR', n. One who travels circuit. 

ClR-cv-i"TipN fsir-ku-ish'un), 71. A going round. 

*ClR-cu'i-TOiJs]ser-kii'e-tiis, PF. P. F. Ja. K. Sm.; 
sir'kit-iis, WT).], a. Round about ; not direct. 

*ClR-cij'l-TOiJs-LY, ad. In a circuitous manner. 

Ci'R-cu'l-TY, n. A motion in or round a circle. 

C'ir'CU-lar, a. Round, like a circle ; spherical 
circulating. — Circular letter, a letter sent to sev- 
eral persons on some common alfair. 

Cir'cu-lar, 7!. A circular or advertising letter. 

CiR-cy-LAR'l-TY, n. State of being circular. 

ClR'cu-LAR-Ly, ad. In form of a circle. 

C'ir'cu-late, v. n. To move round ; to be diffused. 

C'ir'cv-late, v. a. To spread ; *- diffuse about. 

C'ir'cu-lat-ing-Me'di-Dm, n. The money or 
currency in use. 

C'ir-cu-la TiON, 7!. Act of circulating; circular 
motion : — a return : — extent of diffusion : — cur- 
rency of money, or of a substitute for money. 

Cir'cv-la-tp-ry, n. A chemical vessel. 

Cir'cu-LA-to-RY, a. Circular; moving round. 

Ctr'ou-lus, n. [L.J A surgical instrument. 

CiR-cuM-AM'Bl-EN-CY, 71. Act of encompassing. 

Cir-cuji-Xm'bi-ent, a. Surrounding. 

CiR-cuM-XM'BV-LATE,».7!. To walkround about. 

Cir'cDm-ci§e, v. a. To cut off the foreskin. 

C'iR'cyM-cis-ER, n. One who circumcises. 

ClR-cuM-c'i''§ION (sir-kum-sizh'un), n. Act of 
circumcising ; a Jewish rite. 

CiR-cuM-cuR-SA'TipN,?!. A running Up and down. 

Cir-cv'M-duct', v. a. To contravene ; to nullify. 

ClR-cuM-DUC'TlpN, n. Nullification ; hinderauce. 

Cir-cDji'fer-encb, 77. A line that bounds the 
space of a circle ; periphery ; an orb ; a circle. 

C'ir-cum-fe-ren'tial, a. Circular. 

ClR-cuM-FE-RisN'TpR, 77. An instrument used 
in surveying, for taking or measuring angles. 

CTR'cuM:FEix^ j ^- "■ '^° ^^ the circumflex. 

ClR'cUM-FLisx, 77. An accent denoting a long syl- 
lable ; marked in Greek ["] ; in Latin [ '^]. 

ClR-cfJM'FLU-ENCE, 11. An euclosure of waters. 

CiR-crjM'FLU-f NT, a. Flowing round. 

Cir-cum-fo-ra'ne-an, a. Travelling about. 

ClR-cuM-Fp-RA'NE-bi3s, a. Wandering about. 

Cir-cum-fuse', v. a. To pour round. 

ClR-cuM-Fu'^siLE, a. That may be poured round. 

ClR-cy>I-Fu'§ipN, 77. A pouring round. 

CiR-cuM-GY-RA'TlpN, 77. Act of going round. 

C'lR-cuM-T'TipN (-ish'un), 77. A going round. 

ClR-cVM-jA'c^NT,^. Lyinground; surrounding. 

CiR-cUM-Ll-GA'TlpN,?!. A binding round ; a band. 

Ci'R-cyM-Lp-ciJ'TipN, n. A circuit or compass of 
words; periphrasis; indirect expressions. 

CiR-cuM-Loc'o-Tp-Ry, a. Periphrastical. 

CiR-ciiM-MURED' (-murd'), a. Walled round. 

Cir-cum-nXv'!-g^-ble, a. That may be sailed 

CYR-cyivi-NAv'i-GATE,7). a. To sail round, [round. 

CiR-cuivi-NSv-!-GA'TipN,7i. Act of Sailing round. 

Cir-cum-nXv'i-ga-tpr, n. One who sails round. 

CiK cyiNI-PLl-CA'TipN, 77. A wrapping round. 

ClR-cyM-Po'LAR, a. Round or near the pole. 

CiR-cyivt-Pp-^T^'TlpN, 77. Act of placing circularly, 

CiR-cyM-Kp-TA'TipN, 77. Act nf rolling round. 

ClR-cyM-Ro'TA-Tp-RY, a. Whirling round. 

C'iR-cyivl-scRlBE', V. a. To write around; to en- 
close ; to bound ; to limit. 

Syn. — Circumscribe by a line; enclose by a 
fence ; countries are bounded by seas, mountains, 
&c. ; expenses are limited by circumstances 

CiR-ciJM-scEiB'A-BLE, ) a. Capable of being cif 

ClR-cyM-scRiPT'i-BLE, ( cumscribed ; limited. 

ClR-cyM-scRlP'TipN, 77. Act of circumscribing 
boundary ; limitation ; bound. 

CiR-cym-scRiP'TivE, a. Enclosing the limits. 

ClR'cyM-spEcT,a! Cautious; watchful; discreet 

CiR-cUM-spEc'TipN, n. Watchfulness ; caution. 

ClRcyM-SPiJC'TlVE, a. Attentive; cautious. 

CiR'cyM SPECT-LY, ad. Vigilantly ; cautiously. 

CiR'cyM-SPECT-NESS, 77. Vigilance ; caution. 

CiR'cyM-STANCE, 77. An adjunct of a fact ; some- 
thing adventitious; accident; incident; event. — 
PI. One's state or condition ; state of affairs. 

Ci'R'cyM-STXNCE,7!. a. To place in some situation. 

C'lR-cyM-STAN'TiAL, a. Accidental ; not essen- 
tial ; incidental: — particular; minute. 

Syn. — Circumstantial evidence ; accidental 01 
incidental occurrence : — circumstantial account, 
embracing every particular occurrence ; a minute 

CiR-c yM-STAN-Ti-XL'i-TY (sir-kum-stan-she-al'- 
e-te), 77. State as modified by circumstances. 

ClR-cyM-STAN'TiALS, Things not essential. 

ClR-cUH-STAN'Ti-ATE, V. a. To place in a par- 
ticular condition. [earth, 

C'iR-cyM-TER-RA'NE-oOs, a. Being round the 

CYr-cum-vXl'late, 7!. a. To fortify around. 

CiR-cyM-VAL-LA'TipN,77. A trench bordered with 
a parapet ; an enclosing fortification. 

CTr-cu M-VEC'TlON, 77. The act of carrying round. 

CIR-CUM-VENT', V. a. To deceive ; to cheat. 

ClR-cyM-VEN'TipN,77. Frau ; deceit ; prevention. 

CiR-cuM-VEN'TlVE, a. Deluding; cheating. 

C'lR-cyjl-VEST^, V. a. To cover round ; to clothe. 

ClR-cuM-vp-LA'TipN, 77. Act of flying round. 

CiR-cyM-vp-Lu'TloN, 77. Act of rolling round, 

C'lR-ciiM-VOLVE', 7). a. T roll round. 

CiR'cys, 77. [circus, h.; pi. C7>cj.] Pi. cYR'cys-E§ 
An area for sports, ith seats round for spectators 

CiR'Ri-FORM, a. (Bol.) Formed like a tendril. 

CiR'sp-CELE, 71. (Med.) A morbid enlargement 
of tlie spermatic veins. 

Cfs-AL'piNE, a. Lying on this side of the Alps. 

Cis-at-lan'T1C, a. On this side of the Atlantic. 

Cis'pA-DANE, a. South of the river Po. 

CIs'soiD, 77. ( Qeom.) A curve of the second order. 

CiST, 77. A case ; an angry tumor. See Cvst. 

Cls-TJER'ciAN (-Shan), 77. A Benedictine monk. 

Cis'TERN, 77. A reservoir or receptacle for water; 
a fountain ; a vessel to hold water. 

Cis'TUti,v. [L.] A plant ; the rock-rose. 

CiT, n. A citizen ; — used m contempt. 

CIt'a-d£l, 77. A fortress, on a commanding posi- 
tion, near a city. See Fortification. 

CI'Tal, 77. Reproof; summons; citation. 

CI-TA'TlpN, n. (Quotation ; words quoted : — enu- 
meration : — summons to appear before a judge. 

Cl'TA-Tp-RY, a. Calling; containing citation. 

Cite, v. a. To summon to answer in court: — to 
give the words of another ; to quote. 

Syn. — Cite before a magistrate ; summon a wit- 
ness : — cite an authority ; quote a paragraph. 

ClT'ER, n. One who cites. 

CTth'ern, n. A kind of harp. 

ClT'l-ci§M, 77. The behavior of a citizen. 

CTt'i-zen, 77. An inhabitant of a city : a freeman. 

CTt'i-zen-shTp, 77. State or rank of a citizen. 

CliT'RATE,7i. (0/767)7.) A Salt fomied of citric acid 
and a base. 

CIt'ric, a. Relating to citron, lime, or lemon. 

CiT-Rl-NA'TipN, 77. A turning to a yellow color. 

Cit'rine, a. Like a citron ; of dark yellow. 

CYt'rine, 77. A species of yellow quartz. 

Cit'rpn, 77. A fruit resembling a lemon. 

ClT'RyL, n. A pumpkin or pompion. 

Cit'y, 7!. Alarpe town incorporated. — (Enn-.) A 
corporate town which is the see of a bishop. Sea 

CYt'v, a. Relating to a city. [Town. 

ClVE§, 7j. pi. A species of leek or allium. 

Civ'et, 77. A quadruped: — a perfume from the 

MlEN, SIR ; m6vE, NOR, s6n ; bOlL, BUR, kClE.- 9, 9, |, soft ; £, fi, c, g, hard ; ^ as Z ; ^ as gz: TUIS, 




CTv'lC, a. Relating to civil affairs or honors. 

CIv'|L, a. Relating to the coniniunity ; municipal : 
— intestine: — political, opposed to criminal: — 
complaisant ; well-bred ; genteel ; polite. — Civil 
law, the law of a state or country ; but appropri- 
ately, the institutes of the Roman law. — Civil 
war, an intestine war. 

Ci-VIL'ian ( y?n)) n. One versed in civil 

law: — one in civil capacity. See Lawyer. 

Ci-vTl' 1-ty, n. duality of being civil ; urbanity ; 
refinement ; politeness ; courtesy ; attention com- 

Civ-il-j-Za'TION, 71. Act of civilizing; civility. 

Cxv'iL-iZE, v.a. To reclaim from savagenessj to 
educate and polish ; to enlighten. 

Civ'iL-iZED (siv'il-lzd), p. a. Instructed in the 
arts ; improved ; polished ; cultivated. 

CIV'IL-IZ-ER, n. One who civilizes. 

Civ IL-LY, ad. In a civil manner ; politely. 

Civ'l^M, n. State of a citizen : — patriotism. 

Clack, n. A lasting and importunate noise : — an 
instrument that strikes : — prate. 

Clack, v. n. To make a sudden, sharp noise. 

Clack'er, n. The clack of a mill. 

ClXd, p. From Clothe. Clothed. See Clothe. 

Claim, v. a. To demand of right or as due : — to 
profess ownership of; to request ; to require. 

Claim, n. A demand as of right, or of any thing 
due ; thing claimed ; a title ; pretension. 

Claim'a-ble, a. That may be claimed. 

Claim'ant or Claim'ER, n. One who claims. 

CLA!R-v6i?'ANCE, n. [Fr.] Clear-seeing j sight 
communicated by Mesmerism. 

Clair-voy'ant, a. Relating to clairvoyance. 

Clair-voy-ant, n. A Mesmerized seer. 

ClXm, n. A small bivalve shell-fish. 

Clam, v. a. To clog with any giutinous matter. 

ClXm, v. n. To be moist ; i stick. 

Cla'mant, a. Crying ; beseeching earnestly. 

Clam'ber, v. n. To climb with difficulty. 

Clam'MI-ness, n. Viscosity ; viscidity. 

Clam'my, a. Viscous; glutinous; slimy. 

Clam'or, n. A loud noise; an outcry; vocifer- 
ation ; an uproar. 

Clam'or, v. n. To make outcries ; to vociferate. 

ClAm'or-ous, a. Vociferous; noisy; turbulent. 

Clam'or-oDs-LY, ad. In a noisy manner. 

Clamp, n. A piece of wood joined to another. 

Clamp, «. a. To strengthen by a clamp; to stamp. 

Clan, n. A family ; a race ; a tribe. 

Clan'cu-lar, a. Clandestine ; secret. [R.] 

Clan-des'tine, a. Secret ; hidden ; private. 
Syn. — A clandestine marriage is one intention- 
ally kept secret. A secret or private meeting ; a 
hidden plot ; a concealed intention. 

CLAN-DES-TINE-Niiss, n. Privacy ; secrecy. 

Clang, n. A sharp, shrill noise ; clank. 

Clang, v. n. To clatter ; to make a shrill noise. 

ClSng, v. a. To strike together with a noise. 

ClXn'gqr, n. A loud, shrill sound ; clang. 

Clan'GOUS, a. Making a clang. [R.] 

Clank, n. A shrill noise, as of a chain ; clang. 

Clank, v. n. To make a shrill noise ; to chink. 

ClXn'nish, a. Disposed to unite in clans. 

Clan' SHIP, n. An association of persons. 

Clap, v. a. To strike together so as to make a 
noise ; to applaud with the hands : — to add one 
thing to another : — to poison. 

Clap, U.K. To strike the hands together in ap- 
plause : — to begin or move briskly. 

Clap, n. A loud explosion of thunder : — an act 
of applause ; a blow : — a venereal infection. 

*ClXp'b6ard (klab'bord), n. A thin, narrow board, 
used in America for the outermost covering of 
wooden houses : — a stave. 

♦ClXp'board, v. a. To cover with clapboards. 

Clap'per, n. One who claps ; the tongue of a bell. 

ClXp'per-clXw, v. a. To scold ; to revile. 

Clap'trXp, n. An artifice to insnare. 

CLXR'EN-CEt5x, ; (klar'en-shu), n. (Eng-.) The 

ClXr'en-cieCx, \ second king at arms. 

ClAre'-OE-scure', n. Light and shade in painting 
Clar'et, 71. A species of reddish French wine. 
ClXr'I-^hord, 7i. A musical instrument. 
ClXr-i-fj-ca'tiqn, 71. The act of clarifying. 
ClXr'J-fi-er, n. He or that which clarifies. 
ClXr'i-fy, v. a. To make pure or clear; to purifyj 

as liquor ; to fine ; to brighten. 
ClXr'i-fy, v. n. To clear up ; to grow bright. 
CLAR-i-NET', n. A musical wind-instrument; a 

kind oi hautboy ; — often written clarionet. 
Clar'i-on [klar'e-un, P. J. Ja. Sm.i klar'yun, S. 

E. K. C. ; klar'yun, fV. ; kla're-un, F.J, n. A 

kind of trumpet, of a shrill, clear tone. [dor 

ClXr'i-tude 07- ClXr'i-ty, 7^. Brightness; splen- 
Cl'A' RO-oB-scv' Rd, n. [It.] Clare-obscure in 

picture or painting. See Chiaro-oscuro. 
ClXsh, v. 71. To act in opposition ; to interfere. 
ClXsh, v. a. To strike one thing against anothei^ 
ClXsh, 77. A noisy collision of two bodies. 
ClXsh'ing, 71. Opposition ; conflict ; collision. 
ClAsp (12), 71. A kind of hook : — an embrace. 
ClXsp, v. a. To shut with a clasp ; to embrace. 
ClAsp'er, 71. He or that which clasps. 
ClAsp'knife, 71. A knife which folds into the 

handle; ajackknife. 
Class (12), n. A number of persons or things equal 

in rank ; a rank ; an order ; a division ; a set, as 

of pupils or of students. 

Syn. — A class of students ; high, low, or middle 

class ; persons of high or low rank ; order of no- 
bility. See Species. 
Class, v. a. To arrange in a class ; to classify. 
Syn. — Class or classify according to quality; 

arrange in order ; range in battle-array. 
ClXs'sic, I a. Relating to authors of the first 
ClXs'sj-cal, S rank ; Greek or Latin ; elegant. 
ClXs'sic, 71. An author of the first rank: — a work 

of a classic author: — one versed in the classic 

' ClXs'si-cal-ly, ad. In a classical manner. 
Clas-sIf'ic, a. Forn ing or noting a class. 
CLXs-si-FJ-CA'TipN, n. Act of arranging into 

Clas'si-fy, V, a. To arrange in classes ; to class. 
Ci.AS'sis,n.; pi. clas'SE:^. [L.] Order; body; 

class. [other. 

ClAss'mate, 71. One of the same class with an- 
ClXt'ter, v. n. To make a confused noise. 
ClXt'ter, v. a. To cause to sound and rattle. 
ClXt'ter, 71. A rattling, confused noise ; a rattle. 
ClXt'ter-Tng, n. A noise; rattle ; a clatter. 
ClAu'di-cXnt, a. Limping; halting. [R.] 
Clau'dj-cate, 7j. 71. To halt, [r.] ^ 

Clau-di-ca'tion, n. Lameness. [R.] 
ClAu§e, n. Part of a sentence : — limb ; member t 

— an article or stipulation. 
Claus'tral, a. Relating to a cloister. 
Claus'ure (klaw'zhur), 71. Confinement. [JI.] 
ClXv'^A-ted, a. Cliib-shaped ; set with knobs. 
|Clave, i. From Cleave. See Cleave. 
ClXv'i-jCHORD, 71. The same as clarichord. 
ClXv'I-cle, n. The collarbone. 
Cla'VI-er, 71. {Mils.) An assemblage of all Ihv 

keys of an organ or pianoforte. 
ClXv'!-(;jer, 71. [L.] A keeper of keys. 
ClAw, 71. The foot of a beast, bird, or fish. 
ClAw, v. a. To tear with claws ; to scratch. 
ClAwed rklSiwd), a. Furnished with claws. 
Clay (kla), ji. An unctuous, tenacious earth; ar- 
gillaceous earth ; alumina. 
Clay, v. a. To cover with clay. 
Clay'-cold, a. Lifeless ; cold as earth. 
Claye^ (klaz), 71. pi. {Fort.) Wattles made with 

stakes interwoven with osiers. 
Clay'ey (kla'e), a. Consisting of or like clay. 
ClAy'-Marl, 71. A whitish, chalky clay. 
ClAy'More, 71. A large, two-handed sword. 
Clay'-PIt, 71. A pit where clay is dug. 
ClAy'-Stone, 71. Argillaceous limestone. 
Clean (clen), a. Free from dirt and impurity ; 

not foul : — elegant ; neat : — entire : — innocent. 

A, e, T, 6, u, y, long; X, £, 1, 6, ti, y, short ; A, 5, 1, <?, y, V, oia'ciire.— fAre, far, fAst, All; hEie, hjeb; 




Clean, iiA Quite ; perfectly, c'oiii^:.i>U''l> 

Clean, p. a. To free from dirt ; to purify ; c/eanse. 

CLEAN' INS, n. A cleausing : — the after-birth or 
secundines of a cow. 

Clean'li-ly (klen'le-le), ad. In a cleanly manner. 

Clean'li-nEss (klen'le-nes), n. Neatness. 

Clean'ly (klen'le), a. Clean ; neat ; pure. 

Clean'ly (klen'le), ad. In a clean manner. 

Clean'ness, n. Neatness; purity: — innocence. 

Clean^'a-Ble, a. That may be cleansed. 

Cleanse (klenz), v. a. To free from dirt or impu- 
rity ; to purify ; to scour ; to clean. 

Clean^'er, n. He or that which cleanses. 

Clean^'ins (klenz'ing), n. Purification. 

Clear (kler), a. Bright; serene; perspicuous: — 
indisputable; manifest: — exempt; free. 

Syn. — Clear night ; bright moon ; serene sky ; 
perspicuous language ; indisputable fact ; manifest 
contradiction : — clear from fault ; exempt from 
punishment ; free from blame. 

CLisAR (kler), ad. Plainly ; clean ; quite. 

Clear, n. The space wittiin walls or any covering. 

Clear, v. a. To make clear ; to free from ol)scu- 
rity ; to acquit ; to vindicate: — to cleanse. 

Clear, v. n. To grow bright, fair, or disengaged. 

Clear' A^-E, n. The removing of any thing. 

Clear'ance, 71. The act of clearing: — the cer- 
tificate given by the collector of a port that a ship 
has been properly entered and cleared. 

Clear'ER, n. One who clears ; a purifier. 

Clear'ing, n. Justification ; defence. 

Clear'ly, ad. Brightly ; plainly ; evidently. 

Clear'ness, n. Transparency ; distinctness. 

Clear'-sight-ed (kler'sit-ed), a. Seemg well. 

Clear'-sIght-ed-ness, 71. Discernment. 

Clear'-starch, v. a. To starch, and then spread 
out in order to clear ; to stifiien with starch. 

Clear'-starch-er, n. One who clear-starches. 

Cleat, 71. A piece of wood for fastening or strengtli- 
ening: — a thin metallic plate. 

Cleav'a-ble, a. That may be divided cr cleft. 

Cleav'a(J^e, n. Act or manner of splitting. 

Cleave (kl5v), v. n. [i. cleaved (Iclave) ; pp. 
CLEAVING, CLEAVED.] To adhere J to hold to; 
to unite aptly. 

Cleave (kle v), v. a. \i. clove or cleft (fcLA ve) ; 


divide ; to separate. 

Cleave, v. n. To part asunder ; to separate. 

Cleav'er, 71. A butcher's instrument. 

Clef, 71. \Mas.) A character or mark for the key. 

Cleft, I. &7». From C/ea7;e. Divided. 

Cleft, n. A space made by the separation of parts. 

Cleg, 7J. The horsefly. [Local, Eng.] 

Clem'en-cy, 77. Lenity; mercy; mildness. 

Syn. — Clemency, lenity, and leniency are em- 
ployed only towards offenders ; mercy to offenders 
and to all who are in distress ; mildness to all. 

Clem'ent, a. Mild ; gentle ; merciful ; kind. 

Clem'en-Tine, a. Relating to Clement. 

Clem'ent-ly, ad. In a merciful manner. 

Clench. See Clinch. 

fCLEPE, V. a. To call. — v. n. To call. 

Clep' SY-DRA or Clep-sv' DRA [klep'sB-drfi, 
IV. Sm'. C. fVb.; klep-'sl'dr?, Ja.K. Brand'e], ii. 
[Li.] a kind of water-clock among the ancients : 
— a chemical vessel. 

tCLER'f/!-CAL,a. Relating to the clergy ; clerical. 

Cler'GV, n. The body set apart for the services 
of religion ; the priesthood ; — opposed to laity. 

Cler'c^y-a-BLE, a. {Law.) Admitting benefit of 
clergy, or exemption from punishment. 

CLiSR'(^Y-lviAN, 71. One of the clergy. 

Syn. — In Christian communities, the people 
are distinguished into clergy 'aw A laity; and the 
clergy compri:'e8 such persons as are regularly 
licensed or ordained as ministers or preachers of 
the Gospel ; yet, in England, those who preside 
over (lisMonting congregations are not styled cler- 
gijinen, but ministers. 
Ill the Episcopal Church, the clergy are divided 

into itiTee general orders, bishops, priests, anil 
deacons. — In the English establishment, there 
are other orders subordinate to bishops ; as deans, 
(next in rank to bishops,) archdeacons ; — preben- 
daries and canons, who are beneficed clergymen 
connected witli cathedral or collegiate churches. 
The pastors of parishes, or parish priests, who re- 
ceive the tithes of a parish, are vicars, rectors, 
parsons, or curates ; but curates are commonly 
clergymen employed by rectors, &c., to assist them 
or to perform their duties. 

Cler'ic or Cler'i-cal, a. Relating to the clergy. 

*Clerk (klark or klerk) [klark, S. IV. P. J. E. F. 
Ja. K. Sm. C. ; klerk, fVb.], n. A secretary or 
book-keeper ; a writer : — one who reads the re- 
sponses in the church service. 

*CLERK'LiKE, a. Like a clerk ; learned. 

*Clerk'ship, n. The office of a clerk. 

Clev'er, a. Dexterous; skilful; ingenious.— 
[U. S.J Well-disposed; good-natured; honest. 

Syn. — Clever in managing business ; dexterous 
in performance ; a skilful physician ; an ingenious 

Clev'er-ly, ad. In a clever manner. 

Clev'er-ness, 71. Quality of being clever. 

Clev'is, ) 74. A drauglit iron in the form of a bow, 

CLlJv'y, \ to put ■on the end of the tongue of a 
cart, wagon, &c. 

Clew (klu), 77. A thread wound upon a bottom 
or ball ; — a guide ; a direction : — corner of a sail. 

Clew (kla), v. a. To direct: — to raise the sails. 

Click, b. 77. To make a sharp, small noise. 

Click, v. a. To catch or snatch hastily. 

Click, n. The latch of a door : — a sharp sound. 

ClTck'er, 77. A servant who invites in customers, 

ClI'ent, n. A dependant, correlative of patron: — 
one who employs a lawyer. 

Cli-iJN'TAL, a. Dependent. Burke. 

ClI'ent-ed, a. Supplied with clients. 

Cli'ent-ship, 77. State or condition of a client. 

Cliff or fCLlFT, n. A steep rock ; a precipice. 

Cliff' Y. a. BroJien ; craggy. 

Cli-Mac'TER, n. Same as climacteric. 

?k-ter'ik, fV. J. E. F. Ja. Sm. R. C. ; kll-mak- 
ter'ik, S. P. K.; kli-mak'ter-ik, fVb. Kenrick, 
Entick], n. A critical year in human life, when 
some great change is supposed to befall the body. 
The sixty-third year is called the grand climacteric. 

*Clim-ac-ter'!c, la. Relating to critical pe- 

Cl'i'm-ac-ter'i-cal, \ riods of life. 

ClI-MATE, 77. A space upon the surface of the 
earth, being a belt of the globe parallel to the 
equator ; — a region, or tract of land : — constitu- 
tion or state of the atmosphere, relative to heat, 
moisture, &c. ; temperature. 

Cl}-mat'ic, a. Relating to a climate. 

Cli'ma-tize, v. a. To inure ; to acclimate. 

CLi-MA-TOL'p-giY, 77. A treatise on climate. 

fCLi'MA-TURE, 71. Climate. 

Cli'mXx, 77. Gradation ; ascent. — {Rhet.) A fig- 
ure by which the sentence rises gradually, from 
tliat which is lower or less impressive, to that 
which is higher or more impressive. 

ClImb (kllm), V. n. [i. climbed (jclomb) ; pp. 
CLIMBING, CLIMBED (fcLOMB).] To ascend with 

Climb (kllm), v. a. To ascend ; to mount. 

Climb' A-BLE (kll'ma-bl), a. Ascendable. 

ClImb'er (klim'er), 77. One who climbs. 

Clime, 71. Climate ; region. 

Clinch, v. a. To grasp ; to contract ; to rivet ; to fix. 

Clinch, v. n. To hold fast ; to adhere. 

Clinch, 77. A pun; a witty saying: — part of a 

Clinch'er, 77. One that clinches ; a cramp. 

Cling, v. n. [i. clung; pp. clinqino, cluno.} 
To haiigjipon by twining round ; to adhere. 

ClIng'stone, 77. A kind of poach, the pulp of 
vvhicli adheres to the stone. 

CLiNje'v,a. Apt to cling ; adhesive. 

HiENjSiR; MOVE, NOR, s5n ; bOll, bUr, rOLE, — 9, 9, |,ao/£; «, e, 5, |, Aard ; ^asz ; ^a«gz , THI3, 




ClIn'ig ) a. Pertaining to a bed ; confined to 
CLiN'i-CAL, \ the bed ; bedridden. 
Clin'ic, n. One confined on a bed of sickness. 
Clink, v. a. To ring ; to jingle ; to clank. 
Clink, v. n. To emii, a small, sharp noise. 
Clink, n. A sharp, successive noise ; clank. 
C1.INQUAJVT {kUiigk'^nt), a. [Fr.] Glittering. 
Clip, v. a. To cut with sliears ; to curtail. 
Clip'per, n. One who clips: — a barber: — a 

sharp. Cast-sailing vessel. 
Clip'pin&, n. Act of cutting ; a part cut ofF. 
OZTQVE {k\ek),n. [Ft.] A party ; a coterie. 
Cloak (klok), 7t. An outer garment ; a cover. 
Cloak, v. a. To cover with a cloak ; to hide. 
Cloak'-Ba&, n. A portmanteau. 
Clock, n. An instrument to show time: — an 

insect ; a beetle : — embroidery on a stocking. 
Clock, ». re. To make a noise like the hen; to 

Clock, v. a. To call, as a hen. See Cluck. 
Cl6ck'-Mak-er, re. One who makes clocks. 
CLOCK'-SiiT-TER, n. One who regulates clocks. 
Clock'-Work (-wlirk), re. The work of a clock ; 

well-adjusted work. 
Clod, re. A lump of earth or clay: — a dt-lt ; 

Clod, v. re. To gather into concretions ; to clot. 
Clod, D. a. To pelt with clods. 
Clod'dy, a. Consisting of clods : gross. 
Cl6d'h6p-per, re. A clown : — a laboring farmer. 

ct6%ltH:\^- Astupid fellow; a dolt. 
Cl6d'pat-ed, a. Stupid ; dull. 
Cl6ff,m. An allowance of weight. See Clouoh. 
Clog, v. a. To encumber ; to hinder ; to obstruct. 
Clog, v. re. To coalesce ; to be encumbered. 
Clog, n. An encumbrance : — a wooden shoe. 
Clog'jSI-ness, n. Tile state of being clogged. 
ClSg'sing, re. An obstruction ; a hinderance. 
Clog'jGV, a. Clogging up ; obstructing. 
Clois'ter, ?i. A monastery; a nunnery: — an 
arcade ; a piazza. See Abbey. 

To shut up in a cloister; to 

Clois'ter, u, 

Cl61s'ter-al, a. 
Cl6is'ter-er, n. 

Solitary ; recluse. 

One belonging to a cloister. 

Clois'tress (klois'tres), re. A nun. Skak. 

Cloke, re. An outer garment. See Cloak. 

•fCLOMB [klom, W. Sm. ; kliim, P. ; kloin, Ja. 
K.], i. From Climb. Climbed. See Climb. 

Clomp, v. re. To walk with heavy steps ; to clamp. 

fCLOOM, ?;. a. To close with glutinous matter. 

Clo^e, v. a. To shut: — to conclude; to termi- 
nate : — to enclose : — to join ; to unite. 

Close, v. n. To coalesce ; to unite ; to end. 

CLo|E,re. Conclusion; end; pause; cessation. 

Close, re. An enclosed place; a field: — a pas- 
sage ; a narrow street. 

Close, a. Shut fast ; tight : — compact ; solid : 
— secret ; trusty ; sly ; retired : — intent : — near 
to: — penurious; — restricted to few; not open, 
as " a close corporation." 

Close, arf. Densely ; closely. 

Close'-bod-ied, a. Made to fit close to the body. 

ClsIe'IhSnd'Id, i "■ Penurious ; parsimonious. 

Close'ly, ad. In a close manner ; secretly. 

Close'ness, re. State of being close; secrecy; 

Cl6§'er, re. A finisher ; a concluder. 

Close'stool, n. A chamber cabinet. 

Clo^'et, re. A small room for privacy ; a cup- 

Clo^'et,!). a. To shut up in a closet; to conceal. 

Tlosh, re. A distemper in the feet of cattle. 

Clos'ing, re. Period; conclusion; termination. 

Clo^'ijre (klo'zhur), re. Act of shutting up ; end. 

Clot,)!. Any thing clotted ; coagulation: — a clod. 

Clot, v. a. To form clots or clods ; to coagulate. 

Cloth (kloth or kliwth, 21) [kloth, fV. P. F. Ja. 
Sm. C. : klawth, S. J. K. Wb.], re. ; pi. CLOTH5 

(klawthz). Any thing woven for dress ; ? woven 
tabric : — a covering for a table. 
Clothe (kloth), v. a. \i. clothed or CL^E ; pp. 


garments ; to dress ; to invest. 
Clothe§ (klothz or kloz) [klothz, P. F. Sm. , kloz, 

S. J. E. C. ; klothz or kloz, W. Ja.], re. pi. Gar- 

nients ; raiment ; dress ; vesture ; apparel. 
Cloth'ier (kloth'yer), re. A maker or seller of 

cloth or clothes. — (U. S.) A fuller of cloth. 
Cloth'ing, re. Dress; vesture; clothes. 
Clot'ter, ». re. To concrete ; to coagulate. 
Clot'ty, a. Full of clots ; clotted. 
Cloud, re. A collection of vapors suspended in tho 

air, and so condensed as to be visible : — something 

that covers or obscures ; obscurity : — a crowd. 
CloOd, v. a. To darken with clouds; to obscure. 
Cloud, v. re. To grow cloudy or obscure. 
Cloud'capt, a. Topped with clouds. 
Cloud'i-ly, ad. With clouds ; obscurely. 
Cloud'I-ness, re. State of being cloudy ; darkness. 
Cloud'less, a. Without clouds ; clear. 
CloOd'y, a. Covered with clouds ; dark ; obscure. 
Clough (kluf or klof) [klijf, Ja. K. Sm. Wb. ; klof, 

P. F. ; klou, IV.], n. A cliff; a cleft. 
Clough (klof), re. Allowance in weight. See 

Clout, 71. A cloth for any mean use ; a patch. 
CLotJT, V. a. To patch ; to cover with a clotli. 
Clove, i. From Cleave. 
Clove, re. A spice: — a weight: — a cleft. 
Clo'ven (klo'vn), p. From Cleave. Cleft. 
Clo'ven-foot-ed (kl6'vn-fut-ed), ) a. Having 
Clo'ven-hoofed (klo'vn-hoft), ) the foot 

Clo'ver, re. A kind of grass ; a species of trefoil. 
CLO'VERED (klo'verd), a. Covered with clover. 
Clovvn, re. A rustic ; a coarse, ill-bred man. 
Clown'er-y, re. Ill-breeding; rudeness. 
Clown'ish, a. Coarse ; rough ; ill-bred ; ungainly. 
CLOWN'isH-NJiss, re. Rusticity; incivility. 
Cloy, v. a. To satiate ; to fill to loathing ; to glut. 
ICloy'MENT, re. Surfeit ; satiety. Shak. 
Club, re. A heavy stick: — a small society: — a 

share : — suit of cards. 
(-LUB, V. n. To join in a common expense. 
ClDb, v. a. To pay to a common reckoning. 
Clubbed (kliibd), a. Heavy or thick, like a club^ 
ClOb'bist, 71. A member of a club. 
Club'-fist-ed, a. Having a large fist. 
Club'-Foot (-tut), re. A distorted foot. 
Club'-foot-ed (-fiit-), a. Having crooked feet. 
Club'-Law, re. The law of rude force ; compulsion. 
Club'-Man, re. One who carries a club : — clubbist. 
Club'-Room, re. The room in which a club meets. 
ClOck, v. n. To call chickens, as a hen. 
ClDck, v. a. To call, as a hen calls chickens. 
Clue, n. See Clew. 

Cl tJMP, re. A shapeless mass : — a cluster of trees. 
ClijM'§!-ly, ad. In a clumsy manner. 
Clum'^j-ness, re. Awkwardness. 
Clum'^V, a. Awkward; heavy; artless; unhandy. 
CLijNCH, 7!. (Ocol.) The hard bed of the lower 

chalk ; an indurated clay. 
ClDng, L&cp. From Cliiiff. 
Clu'ni-Xc, re. A reformed Benedictine monk. 
Clus'ter, re. A bunch: — a collection ; a body. 
Clus'ter, v. re. To grow in bunches or clusters. 
Clus'ter, v. a. To collect into bodies ; to gather. 
Clus'ter-y, a. Growing in clusters. 
Clutch, v. a. To gripe; to grasp; to contract 

the hand. 
Clutch, re. Grasp. — PI. The paws ; the talons ; 

hands, in a sense of rapacity or cruelty. 
Clut'TER, re. A bustle ; disorder ; clatter. 
ClDt'ter, v. re. To make a noise or bustle. 
Cl\'p'e-ate, a. {But.) Resembling a shield. 
CLVs'Mlc,a. Washing; cleansing. 
Clys'ter [klis'ter, fV. P. E. Ja. Sm. ; glis'ter, & 

J. F. K.], n. An injection into the rectum. 
Co-A-ci:R'VATE, u. a. To heap up together. [R.] 

A, E I, 6, 0, Y, long; A, E,T, 6, D, ?, short; A, E, (, 9, V, y, oftscurc— fare, far, fAst, A-I.L; HEIR, HER, 




COach (koch), n, A four-wheeled pleasure-car- 
riage ; a carriage for travelling. 

Coach, v. n. & a. To ride or carry in a coach. 

CoACH'-Box, n. Tlie seat of the driver of a coach. 

CoACH'-HiRE, n. Money paid for using a coach. 

Coach'hoOse, n. A house for a coach. 

Coach'man, 71. The driver of a coach. 

CoACH'MAN-sHlP, n. The sl?ill of a coachman. 

Co-ac'tion, n. Force ; compulsion. 

Co AC'TivE, a. Compulsory ; acting in concurrence. 

COjAD'ju-TANT, a. Helping; assisting. 

*Co-ad-ju'tor [ko-ad-ju'tur, S. fV. P. J. F. Ja. 
K. Sm. C. V/b. ; ko-ad'ju-tur, E. Dyche], n. A 
fellow-helper : an assistant. 

Syn. — A coadjutor is equal to the person with 
whom he acts ; a helper or assistant, inferior. 

»Co-AD-jii'TRix, n. She who is a fellow-helper. 

Co-ad'ju-van-cy, n. Help ; concurrent help, [is.] 

Co-AD-vi2NT'UR-ER, n. A fellow-adventurer. 

Co-a'^ent, n. An associate ; a fellow-agent. 

Cp-AG'u-LA-BLE, a. Capable of concretion. 

Cq-Ag'u-late, v. a. To force into concretions. 

Cp-AG'u-LATE, V. n. To run into concretions. 

Co-AG-y-LA'TiON, 71. Act of coagulating ; concre- 
tion ; congelation. 

Cq-Xg'u-la-tTve, a. Producing coagulation. 

Cp-AG'v-LA-TOR, n. Ho or that which coagulates. 

Co-AG' u-LUM, n. [L.] A coagulating substance. 

Coal (kol), n. A solid inflammable substance or 
fossil used for fuel : — cinder : — charcoal. 

Coal, v. a. To burn wood to charcoal. 

CoAL'-BLACK, a. Black jis coal ; very black. 

Coal'-B5x, n. A box to carry coals to the fire. 

CoAL'ER-y, 7!. A coal-mine ; a colliery. 

Co-a-lEsce' (ko-a-les'), v. n. To unite in a body 
or in masses ; to grow together ; to join. 

Co-A-Lits'cENCE, n. Union ; concretion. 

Co-A-LiJs'CENT, a. Growing together ; united. 

Coal'-Field, n. A field containing coal. 

CoAL'-HoOsE, n. A place to put coals in. 

Co-A-Ll"TlON (ko-a-lish'un), n. Union into one 
mass, body, or party ; junction ; alliance. 

Coal'me-ter, n. A measurer of coal. 

CoAL'-MiNE, n. A mine in which coals are dug. 

COAL'-PiT, n. A pit wherein coals are dug. 

Coal'-ScDt-tle, n. A vessel for coals. 

Coal'-Stone, n. A sort of hard coal. 

CoAL'v (ko'le), a. Containing coal. 

CoAM'iNG§, 7!.pZ. (^J^aut.) The raised edges about 
a ship's hatches. [other. 

C6-ap-tA'tiqn, n. Adjustment of parts to each 

COAR.SE (kors), a. Not fine; not refined: — not 
soft : — rough ; rude ; uncivil : — gross ; inelegant : 

— mean. 

Syn. — Coarse cloth, bread, language ; rough 

surface : rude or uncivil manners ; gross language ; 

mean conduct. 
CoARSE'LV, ad. In a coarse manner. 
CoAR.SE^NESS, n. Rudeness ; roughness ; grossness. 
Co-as-sume', v. a. To assume together. 
Coast (kost), 7*. The edge or border of a country 

bounded by the sea ; shore ; frontier. 
COA-ST, V. n. To sail close by or near tho coast. 
Coast, v. a. To sail near ; to keep close to. 
CoAST'ER (kost'er), n. He or that which sails near 

the shore; a small trading-vessel. 
Coast'ing, p. a. Keeping near tho coast. 
COAST'ING, n. Act of sailing near the coast. 
Coat (kot), n. The upper garment : — a petticoat % 

— tho ha^r or fur of a beast : — any tegument. 
Coat, v. a. To cover ; to invest. 
Coat'-Card, n. A card : — called also court-card, 
Coat-ee', n. A short, close coat. 

Uoat'ing, m Act of covering; a covering. 
Coax (koks), v. a. To wheedle ; to cajole. 
Coax'ek (koks'er), 71. A wheedler. 
Cor, n. A pony : — a coin : — a spike of maize. 
Co'BALT or CoB'ALT [kob'alt, S. W. P. J. E. F. ; 

ko'bllt, Ja. i'/ft. fVb.], n. A gray mineral. 
Cp-B.iiL'Tlc, a. Relating to or containing cobalt. 
C6b'ble, v. a. To mend or make coarsely. 

C6b'BLE,7!. a flshing-boat: — around stone: — a 

lump of coal : — a diving bird. 
CoB'BLER, n. A mender of old shoes. 
CoB'cAL, ?!. An Oriental lady's sandal. 
CoB'NUT, n. A boy's game : — a large nut. 
CoB'WEB, 7i. The web or net of a spider ; a trap, 
Cob'web, a. Fine, slight, or flimsy. 
CocAGNE (kok-an'), n. [Fr.] An imaginary 

country of luxury and idleness ; tlie region of 

COjC-^Tf'er-Oijs, a. Bearing berries. [berry. 

Cbc'cu-Lus jN'nr-cus, n. [L.J A poisonous 
CocH'i-NEAL [koch'e-n5l, J. E. Ja. Wb. ; kuch'- 

e-nel', S. W. P. F. K. C. ; koch-e-nCP, Sm.], n. A 

substance consisting of dried insects, used in dye- 
ing scarlet. 
C6eH'LE-A-RY, a. Having the form of a screw. 
CofJH'LE-AT-ED, a. Of a screwed form. 
Cock, 77. The male of birds: — ahandle and spout 

to let out water : — part of a gunlock : — a heap cf 

hay : — the form of a hat : — the style of a dial. 
Cock, V. a. To set up the hat ; to fix the cock. 
Cockade', n. A ribbon or badge worn on the hat. 
Cock-ad'ed, a. Wearing a cockade on the hat. 
CocK'A-Hoop', ad. In high mirth and jollity. 
C6ck-a-t6o', n. A bird of the parrot kind. 
COCK'A-TRICE [kok'a tris, IV. J. F. Sm. ; kok'?- 

tris, S. E. K. C], n. A kind of serpent fabled to 

rise frojn a cock's egg : — basilisk. 
Cock'boat, n. A small boat belongingto a ship. 
C6cK'CHAF-ER, n. An insect ; dorr beetle. 
CocK'cROW-iNG, 77. Time at which cocks crow. 
CocK'ER, 77. A cockfighter: — a spatterdash. 
C6cK'ER-EL, n. A young cock. 
Cock'et, 71. A ticket from the custom-house. 
Cock'fight, ) n, A battle or fight between 

Cock'fIght-ing, ( game-cocks. 
CocK'FiGHT-ER, 71. One who practises cock- 
CocK'lNG, ?!. Cockfighting. [fighting. 

Coc'kle (kok'kl), T!. A small testaceous fish. 
Coc'kle, v. a. To contract into wrinkles. 
Coc'kle, v. n. To grow wrinkled. 
Cock'ler, 77. One who takes or sells cockles. 
Cock'loft, n. The top loft or room. 
Cock'match, n. A cockfight for a prize. 
Cock'ney, 77. ; pi. c6ck'ney§. A native or 

citizen of London, in contempt. 
Cock'ne Y-l§M, 77. An idiom of cockneys. 
CocK'PiT, 77. The area where cocks fight. — {JtTaut.) 

The after part of the orlop deck. 
Cock'roach, 71. An insect ; a species of beetle. 
CocK's'-CoMB (koks'koin), 77. A plant ; a flower. 
CocK'SPUR, 77. Virginian hawthorn ; medlar. 
C6cK'st!lRE (kok'shur), a. Confidently certain. 
COCKSWAIN (kok'swan or kok'sn) [kok'sn, S. W. 

P. E. K. C. ; kok'swan or kok'sn, Ja. Sm.], 71. 

^JVaut.) The oflicer who commands the cockboat. 
Co'coA (ko'ko), 77. [coco, Sp.] The chocolate-nut 

tree and its seeds or fruit ; — written also cacao. 
Co'cQA-NiiT, 77. The nut of the cocos nucifera 
Co-c66n', 77. The ball made by the silk-worm: — 

the egg-shaped case of the chrysalis. 
Cq-c66n'e-R¥, 77. A place for silk worms. 
Coc'TlLE, a. Made by baking, as brick. 
Coc'TlON, 71. The act of boiling or digesting. 
C5d or Cod'fish, 77. A common sea fish. 
C!!6d, 71. A case or husk containing seeds ; a bag. 
Cd'DA,n. [It.] (Mils.) Close of a composition. 
Cod'dle, v. a. To parboil ; to fondle ; to caudle. 
Code, 77. \codex, L.] A collection or digest of laws, 
Cd'DEX,n.;pl. c6d' i-CEti. [L.] A manuscript/ 

a book ; a code. 
Con'GER, n. A nistic ; a clown ; a miser. 
Cod'i-cIl, 77. An appendage to a will. 
Cod i-Fi-CA'TipN, 7i. Act of codifying. 
Cod'i-fy, v. a. To form into a code or system. 
C<?-d7lle' (k9-dil'), 7!. [Fr.j A term at ombre. 
Cod'ling, n. A species of apple : — a small cod. 
Co-fiF'Fl-CA-CY, n. Joint efficacy. 
Co-ef-fT"cien-cy (ko-ef-flsh'en-se), 71. Joiirt 

efficiency ; cooperation. 

MlEN, S'lRj M67E,N0R, s5n J BOLL, BUR, RtlLE.— 9, 9, g, soft i Id , IS, , <^,^, hard ; ^ Orf Z j :?: 05 gZ : THIS. 




Co-EF-f1"ctent, n. That which unites in action 
with something else. — a. Cooperating. 

Co-el'der, n. An elder of the same rank. 

CCE'Ll-Xc (se'le-ak), a. Pertaining to the belly. 

Co-EMP'TION, re. Act of buying up the whole. 

Co-E'QUALJ a. Equal ; of the same rank. 

Co-E-QUAL'l-TV (ko-e-kwol'e-te), n. Equality. 

Cp-^RCE' (ko-ers'), v. a. To restrain ; to force. 
Syn. — Power coerces oi forces ; fear restrains. 

Cp-ER'ci-BLE, a. Capable of being restrained. 

Cp-ER'cioN (ko-er'shun), re. Restraint: check. 

Co-iJR'ciVE, a. Restraining; checking; forcible. 

c6-ES-sfiN'TIAL, a. Partaking of the same essence. 

Co-es-sen-ti-Xl'!-ty (ko-es-sen-she-al'e-te), n. 
Participation of tlie same essence. 

C6-Es-sitN'TiAL-LY, ad. In a coessential manner. 

C6-ES-tab'lish-MENT, n. A joint establishment. 

C6-ES-TATE', n. Union of states or interests. 

Co-E-ta'ne-an, 71. One of the same age ; coeval. 

C6-e-ta'NE-6Ds, a. Of the same age with another. 

Co-e-ter'nal, a. Equally eternal with another. 

Co-e-ter'ni-ty, re. Equal or joint eternity. 

C6-£'VAL, a. Of the same age with another. 

Co-e'VAL, n. One of the same age. 

Syn. — Coeval is one of the same age ; contempo- 
rary, one living at the same time. 

C6-E'voys, a. Of the same age ; coeval. 

C6-E5f-iST' (ko-cg-zist'), V. n. To exist together. 

('o-EJf-lST'ENCE, n. Existence at the same time. 

C6-E3f-lST'Ei\T, a. Existing at the same time. 

Co-ex-tEnd', v. a. To extend to the same space. 

C6-EX-TEN'sioN, re. Equal extension. 

C6-ex-ten'sive, a. Having the same extent. 

Cof'fee, n. A berry, and the drink made from it. 

CoF'FEE-HoOsfe, n. A house of entertainment. 

CoF'FEE-MiLL, re. A mill for grinding cotTee. 

CoF' fee-Pot, re. A pot in which coffee is boiled. 

*C6f'fer [kSf'fer, IV. P. J. E. F. Ja. Sm. ; ko'fer, 
S.], n. A chest; a money-chest: — a treasure. 
— {Arch.) A sunk panel in vaults. 

*C6f'fer, v. a. To treasure up. 

Cof'fer-Dam, n. An enclosure formed of piles, to 
exclude the water, in order to construct piers, &c. 

Cof'fin, re. A chest in which a dead body is in- 
terred : — the hoof of a horse's foot abcive the 
coronet : —a wooden frame used in printing. 

Cof'fjn^, c. a. To enclose in a coffin ; to cover. 

Cog, v. a. To flatter; to wheedle ; to falsify: — 
to fix cogs in a wheel. 

Cog, v. re. To lie ; to wheedle. [R.] 

Cog, re. The tooth of a wheel : — a little boat 

Co'<^EN-CY, n. Force; strength; power. 

C6'9^ENT,a. Forcible; stnmg ; convincing. 

Syn. — Cogent reason ; forcible reasoning ; strong 
language ; convincing argument. 

Cog'ser, n. A flatterer. [R.] 

Cog'jGER-y, re. Trick ; falseh( od. [iJ.l 

Cog'jELE-Stone, n. A pebble ; a cobble-stone. 

C6qt'l-TA-BLE, a. Capable of being thought on. 

C6(^'i-TATE, V. n. To think ; to meditate. 

CoqJ-i-TA'TlON, re. Meditation ; contemplation. 

C6(;j'i-TA-T!VE, a. Thinking ; given to tliought. 

Cognac (kon-yak'), re. [Fr.] A French brandy. 

Cog'nate, a. Allied by blood ; kindred ; akin. 

Cog-NA'tion, n. Relationship; kindred. 

CpG-Nl"TlON (Ifog-nish'un), re. Knowledge. 

CSg'ni-tive, a. Having the power of knowing. 

*Cog'N!-z A-BLE, a. Liable to be tried or examined. 

*C6G'Ni-zX?JCE (kog'ne-zans or kon'e-zansj 
[kon'e-zans, S. P. E. Ja. K. Sm. ; kSg'ne-zans, 
F. R. C. ; kog'ne-zans or k5n'e-zans, py. J.], re. 
Observation ;'knowledge. — {Law.) Judicial no- 
tice ; trial ; right to try. 

Cog'ni-zant, a. Having cognizance of. 

*C6G-Ni-zi2E', re. (Law.) One to whom a fine in 

lands, &c., is acknowledged. 
*C6g-ni-Zor', ?i. One who acknowledges a fine. 
C6(t-n6'31EN, n. [L.] The last of the three names 
by which all Romans of good family were desig- 
nated : — a surname ; a family name. 
CpG-NOM'i-NAL, a. Belonging to the surname. 

Cpg-n5m'i-nate, v. a. To give or add a name. 
CpG-NOM-i-NA'TiON, re. Act of giving a surnames 
CpG-Nos'cENCE, re. Knowledge. 
Cog-nos-cen'te, 71.; pi. cda-wps-cEif' Tr. 

[It. J One well versed in any thing ; a connoisseur. 
CpG-Nos'ci-BLE, a. That may be known. 
CpG-N6s'ci-TiVE,a. Having the power of knowing. 
CoG-No'viT,n. {Law.) An acknowledgment by 

the defendant of the justice of the plaintiff's cause. 
Cog'-Wheel, n. A wheel furnished with cogs. 
Co-HAB'lT, V. re. To dwell or live together. 
Co-HAB'i-T;^NT, re. An inhabitant of the same place. 
C6-HAB-i-TA'TipN, re. The act of cohabiting 
Co-heir' (ko-Ar'), re. A joint heir with others. 
C6-heir'ess (ko-Ar'es), re. A joint heiress. 
Cp-HERE', V. n. To stick together ; to fit ; to agree. 
Cp-he'rence, )n. Act of cohering ; union; eo- 
C'p-he'ren-cy, \ hesion ; connection. 
Co-he'rent, a. Sticking together ; consistent. 
Cp-HE'^ION (ko-he'zhun), re. Act of cohering ; the 

attraction by which the particles of bodies are kept 

together. See Attraction. 
Cp-HE'siVE, a. Having the power of sticking. 
Cp-HE'sivE-NESS, 71. The quality of being cohesive. 
Co'lip-BATE, V. a. To distil again ; to redistil. 
Co-Hp-BA'TipN, re. Repeated distillation. 
t:)6'HORT, re. A body of about 500 soldiers. 
CblF, re. A head-dress ; a cap ; a hood. 
Coifed (kbift), a. Wearing a coif. 
CoIf'fOre, 7i. Ahead-dress; a coif. 
CoiGNE (koin), re. A corner: — a wooden wedge. 
Coil, v. a. To gather into a narrow compass. 
Coil, re. A rope wound into a ring : — a winding. 
Coin, re. Money bearing a legal stamp ; metallic 

or hard money, as gold and silver. 
Coin, v. a. To stamp money : — to make ; to invent. 
Coin, n. A corner. See Coigne and QtuoiN. 
CoTn'ac^e, re. Act or act of coining : — forgery. 
Co-lN-ciDE', V. re. To meet in the same point ; to 

agree with ; to concur. 
Cp-i'N'ci-DENCE, re. Concurrence ; agreement. 
Cp-'in'ci-dent, a. Agreeing with ; consistent. 
Co-!N-cTd'|;r, re. He or that which coincides. 
Co-iN-Di-cA'TipN, 71. Concurrent sign. 
Coin'er, re. A maker of money : — an inventor. 
ColT, re. A quoit. See Quoit. 
Cp-i"TlpN (ko-ish'un), re. Copulation. 
Co-j6Tn', v. re. To join with another. 
Co-ju'ror, re. A witness of another's credibility. 
Coke, n. Fossil coal burnt to charcoal, or deprived 

of its gaseous matter by fire. 
Col'an-der, re. A sieve ; a strainer; a cullender. 
Cp-LA'TipN, 7!. Act of straining ; filtration. 
Col'a-tCre [kol'a-tur, .!a. R. C. ; ko'Ia-tur, S. P. 

J. F. Sm.; kol'a-chur, W.], n. Filtration. 
CoL'cp-THAR, n. A red oxide of iron. 
Cold, a. Not hot ; not warm ; chill ; frigid : — in- 
different ; not friendly or affectionate ; without 

passion or affection : — reserved. 
Cold, 71. Privation of heat : — a disease ; catarrh. 
Cold'-Bl6od-ed (-blud-ed), a. Without feeling. 
C6ld'-HE ART-ED, a. Wanting feeling or passion. 
Cold'ly, ad. Without heat ; without concern. 
Cold'ness, re. Want of heat or warmth ; frigidity. 
Cole, n. A general name for all sorts of cabbage, 
C6-le-op'te-ra, n, pi. {Ent.) Insects of the 

beetle tribe. 
Co-le-op'te-ral, j a. Having four wings with 
Co-le-6p'TE-r6Ds, S sheaths, as the beetle. 
C6-LE-6p'TE-rXn, re. An insect having two pairs 

of wings ; a beetle. 
Cole'wort (kol'wiirt), n. A sort of cabbage. 
Col'ic, re. A painful disorder of the bowels. 
CpL-LAPSE', re. A wasting or shrinking of the 

body ; act of falling together. 
Cpl-lXpse' (kol-laps'), V. re. To fall together, as 

the sides of a hollow vessel ; to shrink up. 
Cpl-lXpsed' (k^l-Iapst'), a. Withered ; closed. 
CpL-LXP'sipN, n. Act of collapsing or closing. 
Col'lar, n. A ring round the neck ; a neck band : 

— a badge : — part of a harness. 

i, E, T, 6, u, y, long ; X, E, T, 6, 0, Y, short ; a, E, i, p, V, ¥i obscure.— FkRB, FAR, fSst, All; h£ir, HEBJ 




CSl'lar, v._a. To seize by the collar. 

Col'lar-Bone, n. The clavicle. 

Cql-late', v. a. To compare things similar ; to 
confer : — to place in an ecclesiastical benefice. 

Col-lXt'ee-al, a. Being sidewise, not direct ; 
being side by side ; running parallel ; not imme- 
diate : — descended from the same stock ; not 
lineal. — CoUaterat security, a separate obligation 
attached to another contract, to guarantee its per- 

Col-lat'er-al-LY, ad. Side by side:— indirectly. 

Col-la'tion, ?!. Act of collating ; comparison : — 
a repast : — act of bestowing a benefice. 

C6L-L^-Ti"Tloys, a. Contributed by many. 

Cql-la'tive, a. Conferred by a bishop as patron. 

Col-la'tor, n. One who collates or compares. 

Col'league (kol'leg), 7j. a partner; associate. 
Syn. — A colleague in office : a partner in trade ; 
an associate in an enterprise. 

Col-league' (kol-l5g', 114), v. a. To unite with, 

Col-lect', v. a. To gather together ; to gain. 

Col'lect (114), n. A short, comprehensive prayer. 

Cbl.' lec-ta' JVE-A, n. pi. [L.] A selection of 
passages from various authors ; collections. 

Col-lec-ta'ne-ous, a. Gathered up together. 

Cql-lect'ed, p. a. Gathered : — composed ;calm. 

Col-lect'ed-ness, n. State of being collected. 

CpL-LECT'l-BLE, a. Capable of being gathered. 

CoL-LEC'TipN, n. Act of collecting : — tliat which 
is collected : — contribution :. — assemblage ; a 
group : — a corollary ; a deduction. 

Col-lec'tive, a. Gathered into one body or mass. 

CoL-L]2c'TlVE-LY, ad. In a general mass. 

CpL-LEC'TfVE-NESS, 71. State of union ; amass. 

CpL-LiLc'TOR, n. One who collects or gathers ; an 
officer who collects customs and taxes. 

CpL-LEc'TpR-ATE, n. District of a collector ; col- 

CpL-LEC'TpR-SHiP, n. The office of a collector. 

CpL-LEG-'A-TA-RV, 71. (Law.) A joint legatee. 

Col'le^^e, 77. A community : — a society of men 
set apart for learnhig or religion : — a seminary of 
learning: — a house in which collegians reside. 

CpL-LE'91-AL, a. Relating to a college ; collegiate. 

CpL-LE'(;tl-AN, 77. A member of a college. 

CpL-LE'9^i-ATE, (7. Pertaining to a college. — A 
collegiate church is one to which a college or cor- 
poration of clergy is attached. 

CpL-LE'9^I-ATE, 77. A member of a college. 

Col'let, 77. The part of a ring in which the stone 
is set. 

CpL-LiDE', V. 77. To'strike against each other. 

Coll'ier (kol'yer), 77. A digger of coals : — a coal- 

C6ll'ier-y (kol'yer-e), 77. A coal-mine: — coal 

Col'li-flow-er, 77. See Cauliflower, [trade. 

Col-lJ-ma'tion, 77. Act of aiming at a mark. 

Col-lin'GOAL, a. Having the same language. 

fCoL'Ll-QUATE, V. a. & 77. To melt : to dissolve, 

Col-li-QUa'tion, 77. The act of melting. 

CpL-Li'Q'UA-TiVE, a. Melting; dissolvent. 

CpL-LiQ-UE-FAc'TlpN, 77. A melting together. 

CpL-Ll"5tpx (kol nzh'un), 77. Act of colliding, or 
of two bodies striking against each other; oppo- 
sition ; aclash ; interference. 

Col'lo-cate, v. a. To place ; to arrange. 

CoL-LO-CA'TipN, 77. Act of placing ; arrangement. 

fCoL-Lp-cu'TlpN, 77. Conference: conversation. 

tCoL-t^p-cu'TpR, 77. A speaker in a dialogue. 

Cpr^-Lo'Di-oiv, n. A solution of gun-cotton in ether. 

(JpL-LOGlJE' (koj-log'), V. 77. To wheedle ; to plot. 

CoL'Lpp, 77. A small cut or slice of meat. 

CpL-l.o'QUl-AL, a. Relating to common conver- 
sation ; conversational ; familiar. 

CpL-Lo'QiJ!-AL-l§M, 77. A word or phrase used in 

CoL'Lp-QUlST, 77. A speaker in a dialogue. 

C6l'lp-quv, 77. A mutual discourse between two 
or more persons ; conversation ; a dialogue. 

Col-lObe', v. 77. To conspire in a fraud. 

CpL-Luu'ER, 77. One who conspires in a fraud. 

CpL-LiJ'sipN (kol-lu'zhun), 71. Deceitful agreement 

CpL-LU'siVE, a. Fraudulently concerted ; Knavish, 

CpL-LU'siVE-LV, ad. In a collusive manner. 

CpL-HJ'sivE-Nfiss, 77. A fraudulent concert. 

COL-Lu'sp-RY, a. Contaming collusion or fraud. 

COL-Lu'vi-E^,n._ [L.] Filth :— a fluid mass. 

CoL'LY or Col'lovv', 77. The smut of coal ; grime. 

Col'lv, v. a. To grime with coal. 

CQL-.r.YR' i-UM,n. [L.] Medicine for the eves. 

Col'p-cynth, 77. Ihe pith of the bitter-app'le. 

Cologne (kp-Ion'), a. Applied to a perfumed 
water or liquid, first made at Cologne. 

Co'LpN, 77. Thu point, thus [:], used to mark a 
pause. — {Anat.) The largest of the intestines. 

Colonel (kiir'nel), n. The commander of a regi- 
ment, in rank next below a brigadier-general. 

Colonelcy (kiir'nel-se), 77. The oflice of a colonel. 

Colonelship (klir'nel-ship), 77. The oflice of 
colonel ; colonelcy. 

Cp-l5'ni-al, a. Relating to a colony or colonies- 

CoL'p-Nl'ST, 77. An inhabitant of a colony. 

CoL-p-Nl-ZA'TlpN, 77. The act of colonizing. 

CoL-p-Nl-zA'TipN-isT, 77. An advocate of coloni- 

Col'p-nTze, v. a. To establish a colony in. 

CoL-pN-NADE', 77. A range of pillars or columns. 

Col'P-ny, 77. A body of people who remove and 
settle in a distant region, continuing subject to the 
mortier country : — the country planted. 

CoL'p-PHON, 77. [L.J The conclusion of a book, 
containing the date and place of publication. 

Cp-LOPH'p-NV [ko-lof'o-ne, IV. Ja. ; kol'o-lo-ne, 
Wb. ; kbl'o-fSn-e, K. Sm.], n. A black resin. 

C6l-p-QuTn'ti-da,77. The bitter-apple ; colocynth. 

CoL'pR (kiil'yr), 77. The hue or appearance of 
bodies to tlie eye : — the seven principal colors are 
red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and vio- 
let : — the tint of the painter ; paint ; dye : — con- 
cealment : pretence. — PI. A standard ; a flag. 

Col'pr (kiil'ur), V. a. To mark with some hue ; 
to paint ; to dye: — to palliate ; to excuse. 

Col'or (kiil'ur), v. n. To blush ; to show color. 

Col'PR-a-ble, a. Specious; plausible. 

Col'or-a-blv, ad. Speciously ; plausibly. 

Col-PR-a'TION, 77. The act of coloring. 

CoL-pR-lF'lc, a. xible to give color. 

CoL'pR-lNG,77. An art in painting ; actof applying 
colors : — appearance : — an excuse. 

CoL'pR-iST, 77. A painter who excels in coloring. 

CoL'pR-LESS, (7. Without color ; transparent. 

Cp-Los'sAL or Col-os-se'an, a. Like a colossus. 

Ct)L-os-SE' TIM, 77. [L.j A spacious amphithe- 
atre at Rome : — a building of great size. 

Cp-L6s'siAN§ (kp-losh'anz), The inhabitants 
of the ancient city of Colosse. 

Cp-Los'sus, 77. [L.J L. p/. cp-i8s'S/; Eng. cp- 
Los's . s-E§. A statue of enormous magnitude. 

CpL-poRT'Ai^E, 77. Tho distribution and sale of 
books and tracts. 

CpL-POKT'ER, 77. rco//7ortc7tr, Fr.] A book-pedler. 

Col'StXff, 77. A large staff, on which a burden is 
carried between two men on their shoulders. 

C5lt, 71. A young horse: — an inexperienced 

Col'ter, 77. The sharp iron of a plough. 

CoLT'iSH, a. Like a colt ; wanton. 

COLT's'-FoOT (kolts'fut), 77. A medicinal plant. 

(!6l'v-brine, a. Relating to a serpent ; cunning. 

CoL'ijM-BA-RY or Co-LiiiVi'BA-RY [ko-lum'bfi-re, 
S. W P. J. F. Ja. ; kol'iim-ba-re, K. Sm. R. fVh. 
Kciirick],n. A dove-cot ; a pigeon-house. 

CoL'UM-BiNE, 7). A genus of plants. 

Col'v-mel, 77. [columella,!-,.] (But.) The central 

part of a capsule, or of the theca of moss. 
C6l'vMi\ (kSl'uni), 77. A cylindrical pillar: — a 
file of troops : — a perpendicular section of a page : 
— a perpendicular line of figures. 

Co-LriM'NAR, a. Formed in columns. 
Cp-LilRE^', n.p<. (Astron.) Two imaginary groat 
circles supposed to intersect each other in tlio 
jwles of the world. 

MIEN, sKr; move, nor, s6n; bOLL, BUR, ROLE.— <;;,9, g, S7>/«; C,«,£,g, A(7rd; Sasz; ^<WgZ: THIS. 
15 J* 




C6l'ZA, n. A species of cabbage. 

Co'M^, 71. (Med.) A morbid disposition to sleep. 

Co-mate' [ko-mat', fV. F.Ja. K. Sm. C; ko'niat, 
S. P. E. Wb.], n. A fellow-mate ; a companion. 

Com-a-tSse', a. Lethargic; drowsy; dozing. 

Comb (kom), n. An instrument to adjust the hair: 
— crest of a cock: — cells in which bees lodge 
their honey : — a measure. See Coomb. 

Comb (kom), v. a. To divide and adjust the hair; 
to dress, and lay any thing smooth. 

*C6m'BAT or CoM'BAT [kum'bat, S. JV. J. F. Sm. 
C. Og-ilme ; kbni'bfit, P. E. Ja. K. ff 6.], ». 7i. To 
fight ; to contend ; to act in opposition. 

*Com'BAT or Com'bat, V, a. To oppose ; to fight. 

*C6m'BAT, n. A contest ; battle ; fight ; duel. 

*C6M'BA-TANT,?i. One who combats ; a champion. 

*C6m'ba-tant, a. Disposed to quarrel, [fights. 

*CoM'BAT-ER or C6m'bat-er, n. One who 

*C6M'BA-TiVE [kum'bri-tiv, Craig, Ogilvie,Boag], 
a. Inclined to combat ; pugnacious. 

*CoM'BA-TlvE-Niiss, n. (Plireii.) A disposition 
or propensity to fight. 

CoMB'ER (kom'er)^ n. One who combs wool, &c. 

COM-Bl'NA-BLE, a. Capable of being combined. 

Com-bi-nA'tiqn, n. Act of combining; union; 
association ; coalition ; cabal ; plot ; conspiracy. 

C<)M-bine', v. a. To join together; to unite. 

Com-bTne', v. n. To unite ; to coalesce ; to agree. 

COM-bIn'er, n. He or that whicli combines. 

Comb'less (kom'Ies), a. Destitute of a comb. 

COM-BDs-Ti-Bii,'l-Ty, )n. Quality of beiiigcom- 

CoM-Bus'Ti-BLE-NESS, ( bustible. 

Com-bus'ti-ble, a. That may bum or be burnt. 

COM-Bus'Ti-BLE, n. A combustible material. 

Com-bos'T!ON, 7i. Act of burning; conflagration. 

Come (kuni), v. n. [i. came ; pp. coming, come.] 
To draw near ; to advance toward ; to arrive : — 
to happen ; to fall out ; to appear ; to arise. 

Co-Mii'Di-AN, n. An actor or a writer of comedy. 

Com'e-dy, n. A dramatic representation of the 
lighter faults, passions, and follies of mankind ; 
an amusing drama ; a ploy. 

Come'li-nIsss, n. Grace ; beauty ; dignity. 

Come'ly, a. Graceful; becoming; decent. 

Com'er, n. One who comes. 

CoM'ET, n. A heavenly body with a tail or train 
of light, and an eccentric motion. 

Cp-MET', n. A game at cards. 

C6m-et-a'ri-um, ) n. A machine to show the 

C6m'et-a-RY, I revolutions of comets. 

CoM'ET-A-RY, j a. Relating to a comet oi acomet- 

Co-Mi3T'ic, i arium. 

C6m-et-6g'ra-phy, n. A description of comets. 

Com'fit or CoM'fi-ture, 71. A dry sweetmeat. 

Com'fort, v. a. To enliven ^|o console ; to cheer. 

Com'fort, n. Support under calamity ; counte- 
nance ; consolation ; satisfaction ; pleasure. 
Syii. — Comfort at homo ; pleasure abroad. 

Com'fqrt-a-ble (kum'furt-si-bl), a. Possessing 
comfort ; cheerful ; dispensing comfort. 

Com'fort-a-ble-ness, n. A state of comfort. 

Com'fort-a-bly, ad. In a comfortable manner. 

Com'fort-er, 71. One wlio administers consola- 
tion : — the Holy Spirit : — a stuffed coverlet. 

CoM'FORT-Liiss, a. Wanting comfort. 

Oom'frey, n. A medicinal plant. 

Com'ic, a. Relating to comedy ; raising mirth. 

Com'j-CAL, a. Diverting ; droll ; ludicrous. 

CoM'i-CAE-LY, ad. In a comical manner. 

CoM'l-CAL-NiiSS, n. (Quality of being comical. 

Com'ing (kum'ing), n. Act of coming ; arrival. 

Com'inGt, p. a. Future ; being about to come. 

Co-mV'tt-a (kij-niTsh'e-a), 71. pL [L.] Popular 
assemblies ot the Romans. 

Cp-Mi"TlAL, a. Relating to the comitia. 

Com'i-ty, ?i. Courtesy; civility; good-brcoding. 

CoM'MA, 71. (Oram.) A |X)int marked thus [,]. 

t;pM-MAND', V. a. To govern ; to order; to lead. 

Com-mAnd', v. n. To have the supreme authority. 

Cpm-mand', 71. Act of commanding ; power ; rule ; 
direction ; order : precept ; injunction. 

C&M-!tiAiV-i>ANT',n. [Fr.] A military officer 

CpM-MANDER,?i. One who commands : — a naval 
officer next in rank above a lieutenant. 

Com-Mand'er-y, n. A body of kniglits. 

Cpm-mAnd'ing, a. Ordering ; directing ; power- 
ful ; authoritative ; controlling by influence or 

Cpm-mAnd'ment, n. A mandate ; a command. 

C5m-ma-te'R!-al, a. Being of the same matter. 

CpM-MEA§'u-RA-BLE (kom-jnezh'u-ra-bl), a. Re- 
ducible to the same measure. 
Comnie ilfaiit (kom' e\-[o'), [Fr.] As it should be. 

CoM-MiLM'p-RA-BLE, a. Wortliy of remcuihrance. 

CoM-MEM'p-RATE, V. a. To preserve in memory ; 
to celebrate by some public act. 

CpM-MEM-p-RA'TlpN,7i. Act of public Celebration. 

CoM-MiiM'p-RA-TivE, a. Preserving in meimoy. 

CpM-MiJM'p-RA-Tp-RY, a. Preserving in memory. 

CpM-MiiNCE', V. a. &7!. To begin ; to enter upon. 

CpM-MiiNCE'MENT, n. A beginning : ^ the limo 
wlien students in college receive thei? degrees. 

CpM-MEND', V. a. To recommend ; to praise. 

Sy7i. — Commend a meritori^us person, and 
recommend him to anotlier ; praise a good per- 
former ; applaud a public performance ; extol an 
heroic action. 

*CpM-MEND'A-BLE [kom-mend'abl, P. Ja. K. Sm.- 
R. C. PVb.Jo/mson,Msh,Kenric/c:kon'i'men-da,-h'l, 
J. F. ,• kom'men-da-bl or kom-mend'abl, S. fV.'], 
a. That may be connnended ; laudable ; worthy 
of praise. [mendable. 

*CpM-MiiND'A-BLE-Ni2SS, n. The being com- 

*CpM-MiJND'A-BLY, ad. Laudably. 

Co3i-MEN'DAM,n. [L.j (Eng. Law.) The hold- 
ing of a vacant benefice till a pastor is supplied. 

CpM-Mi3N'DA-TA-Ry, ; 71. The holder of a living 

COM-MliN'D^-Tpk, \ in commendam. 

CoM-MEN-DA'TipN,?!. Reconunendatioii ; praise 

CpM-MiiN'DA-Tp-RY, a. Serving to coiuKiend. 

Com-men-sal'i-ty, 7z. Fellowship of table. [R.] 

*CpM-Mi3NS-u-RA-BiL']-TY, I n. Capacity oi 

*CpM-MlLNS'u-RA-BLE-NESS, | state of having 
a common measure. 

*CpM-MENS'y-RA-BLE [kgm-men'sliu-ra-bl, W. P. 
J. L'. ; kom-men'su-ra-bl, S. Ja. Sm.], a. Having 
a common measure. 

*CpM-MENS'y-RATE, V. 0. To reduce to some 
common measure. 

*CpM-MENS'y-RATE [k(?m-men'shu-rat, JV. P. F,; 
kpm-men'su-ret, S. ; kom-men'slR.iret, J. ; k9m- 
men'su-rat t/a.J, a. Equal; coe.xtensivo. 

*CpM-Mi3NS-u-KA'j.'ipN, 71. Reduction to some 
common measure ; proportion. 

*C6m'MENT [kom'ment, S. W. F. Ja. Sm. R. Wb. , 
kgm-ment', P. J. E. K. C], v. n, Ti anno. 
taiO ; to expound ; to write iiotes upon a work. 

*C6m'MENT, «. a. To explain, [ij.l 

CoM'MENT, n. A noto ; remark explanation ■ 

CoM'MEN-TA-RY, n. A book 6f comments and 
annotations ; an exposition ; annotation. 

CoM'MEN-TA-TpR, 77. An expositor ; an aimotator. 

C6m'ment-er or COM-Mi2NT'ER [koin'ment-er. 
Ja. Sm. R. 'O. Wb. ; kom-ment'er, S. W. P.],'n. 
One who comments. 

CoM'MERCE, 77, The exchange of commodities; 
trade; traffic: —-intercourse. 

S?/7i. — Commerce is appropriately applied to 
traffic between different countries ; — f(;reign com- 
merce. Traffic or trade is carried on by individu- 
als, or between different towns. 

fCpM-MSRCE', V. 11. To traffic ; to hold intercourse. 

CpM-MlJR'ciAL (kom-mer'shal), a. Relating to 
commerce or traffic ; mercantile. 

CpM-MiJR'ciAL-LY, ad. In a commercial manner. 

Com-MERE', n. [Fr.] A godmother : — a gossip. 

Com'mi-GRATE, v. n. To migrate together. [R.] 

Com-mi-gra'tion, re. A migrating together. [iC.J 

CoM-Mi-NA'TipN, 77. A threat ; a denunciation. 

CpM-MiN'A-Tp-RY, a. Denunciatory ; threatening 

CpM-MiN'GLE, V. a. To mix together ; to blend. 

A, E,T, 0,U, V,long; A, £,1,6,0, Y, short; A,E,I, p, y , Y , obscure. — FARE, FAR, FAST, ALL; IlilR, HJEE- 




vOM Min'GLi:, v. n. To unite one with another. 

C6m MI-nute, v. a. To grind ; to pulverize. 

CoM-MJ-NU'TlON, n. A grinding ; pulverization. 

CpM-lviis'ER-A-BLE, a. Worthy of compassion. 

CpjM-3lis'ER-ATE. V. a. To pity ; to compassionate. 

Com-mis-er-a'tiqn, n. Sorrow for the distresses 
or suffering of others ; pity ; compassion. 

CpM-Mls'ER-A-TlVE, a. Compassionate. 

CoM-Jli^'ER-A-TOR, 11. One who has compassion. 

C6m-mis-sa'R|-al, a. Relating to a commissary. 

Cuji-mis-sa' Rf-A T, n. [Fr. j The body of olficers 
under the commissary-general. 

C6m'mis-sa-rv, «. A delegate; a deputy: — an 
officer attending an army, who inspects muster- 
rolls, or regulates provisions, &c. 

Com'mis-sa-ry-^^en'er-al,, n. An officerof an 
army who has the ciiarge of providing supplies, &c. 

CoM'Mls-SA-RV-SHiP, It. Otfice of a commissary. 

CoM-MlS' sioN (kom-mish'un), 7(. Act of commit- 
ting ; a trust ; a warrant ; charge ; compensation : 

— a document investing one with some office or 
authority ; office : — perpetration : — a body of 

CoM-Mls'sipN, V. a. To empower ; to appoint. 

CpM-Mis'sipN-ER, n. One empowered to act. 

CpM-Mis'suRE (kom-mish'yur) [kom-mish'yur, 
W. J. F. K. Sm. C. ; kom'mish-ur, S. ; koni-mis'- 
ur, Ja.], n. A joint ; a seam ; a suture. 

CpM-MiT', V. a. To intrust : — to send to prison : — 
to dejKisit : — to do ; to perpetrate -. — to expose. 

CpM-MiT'MENT, n. The act of committing. 

CpM-MiT'TAL,?i. Act of committing ; commitment. 

CpjM-MiT'TEE, 71. A select number of persons ap- 
pointed to examine or manage any matter. 

CpM-MlT'TEE-SHiP,?;. The office of a committee. 

CpM-MiT'TER, n. One who commits. 

CpM-MiT'Ti-BLE, a. Liable to be committed. 

CoM-MJX', V. a. To mingle ; to blend ; to mix. 

CpH-Mlx', V. n. To unite ; to be mixed. 

CoM-MiXT'lpN (kom-mixt'yun),?!. Mixture. 

CpM-MfXT'lJRE (kom-mixt'yur), n. A compound. 

CoM-MODE' or CoM'mode [kom-mod', S. W. P. 
J. F. K. ; kbm'mod, Sm.],n. A lady's head-dress : 

— a pie^e of furniture or small sideboard. 
*CpM-Mo'Di-ous [kom-mo'dyus, S. E. F. K. ; kom- 

mo'de-us, P. J.Ja. Sm. R. : kom-mo'de-us orkgm- 

mo'je-us, IV.], a. Adapted to its use or purpose ; 

conveiiimt ; suitable ; useful. 
*C'pM-HO'Dl-oDs-LY, ad. Conveniently ; suitably. 
*CpM-Mo'Di-ous-NESS, n. Convenience ; use. 
CpH-MOD'!-Ty,?t. Interest ; profit ; wares ; goods ; 

Com'mo-dore or CoM-Mp-DORE', 77. An officer 

who commands a squadron of ships of war. 
CoM'jHON, a. Belonging equally to the public, to 

many, or to more than one : — vulgar ; mean : — 

not scarce: — public; general; frequent; usual. 

— (Gram.) Both active and passive ; both mascu- 
line and feminine. 

CoM'MpN, 77. An open public ground or space. 

Com'mon, v. n. To possess or Ixiard with others. 

CoM'MpN-A-BLE, a. Held in common. 

C6M'MpN-A(;iE, n. The right of feeding on a 

CoJi'MpN-AL-TV, 77. The common people. 

Com'mon-CoOn'cil, 77. The council of a city. 

CoM'MpN-ER, 77. A man not noble. 

CoM'MpN-LAw', 77. Unwritten law, which re- 
ceives Its binding force from immemorial usage, 
distinguished from the statutes, or laws enacted 
by the legislature. 

CoM'MpN-LY, ad. Frequently; usually ; jointly. 

CoiM'MpN-NESS, 71. State of being common. 

CoM'MpN-PLACE, a. Ordinary ; common ; usual. 

CoM-MON-PLACE', v.a. To reduce to general heads. 

CoM'MpN-PLACE, 77. A memorandum ; a note. 

CoM'MpN-PLACE-BooK (-bok), n. A hook in 
which things are ranged under general heads. 

C5M'ivtpN!j, 71. pi. 'j'ho common people : — the 
lower houseof parliament : — ftjod on cciual pay. 

C6M-MPN-WEAL', n. The public good. 

Com'MON-Wealth, 71. A state ; properly, a free 
state ; republic : — the public ; the community. 

fCoM'Mp-RANCE, 77. A dwelling ; residence. 

CpM-MO'TipN, ?7. Tumult ; disturbance : sedition, 

CpM-MO'TipN-ER, n. One causing commotion. 

CpM-MOVE', 71. a. To disturb ; to agitate. 

CpM-Mu'NAL, a. Relating to a commune. 

CpM-MUNE' [kom-mun', W. Ja. K. Sm. C. Wb. 
Ash, Rees ; kom'mun, S. j. E. F ; kom-mun' or 
kom'mun. P.], v. n. To converse together. 

CoM'MUNE, n. [Fr.) A French territorial district. 

Cgm-mu^ni-bus aii-nis, [L.J One year with another. 

CpM-MU-Ni-CA-BiL'i-TY. n. Communicableness. 

CpM-Mu'NJ-CA-BLE, a That may be imparted. 

CpM-MU'Ni-CA-BLE-NESS, n. Communicability. 

Com-mu'ni-cXnt, 77. A partaker of the sacrament 
of the Lord's supper. 

CpM-Mu'Ni-CATE, V. a. To impart; to reveal. 
Syn. — Commwnicate intelligence ; impart in- 
struction ; reveal a secret. 

CoM-Mu'Ni-CATE, V. n. To partake of the Lord's 
supper : — to have something in common. 

CpM-MU-NJ-CA'TloN, 77. Act of communicating ; 
common inlet ; conference ; conversation. 

CpM-Mij'Ni-CA-TiVE, a. Ready to impart ; free. 

CpM-Mu'Ni-c A-TIVE-NESS, n. Readiness to impart. 

CpM-Mu'Ni-CA-Tp-RY, a. Imparting knowledge. 

CpM-MUN'lON (kom-mun'yun), 77. Intercourse; 
fellowship : — celebration of the Lord's supper: — 
a religious body or denomination. 

Com'mij-ni^M, 71. Community of property. 

Com'mv-nTst, n. An advocate for communism. 

CpM-Mu'Ni-TY, n. The commonwealth ; the body 
of the people; the public: — an association: — 
society : — common possession. 

CpM-MU-TA-BiL'l-TY, 77. Capacity of exchange. 

CpM-MU'TA-BLE, a. That may be commuted. 

Com-mu-ta'tion, 77. Change; alteration : — ransom. 

CpM-MU'TA-TiVE, a. Relating to exchange. 

CpM-Mu'TA-T^VE-LY, ad. In the way of exchange. 

CpM-MUTE', V. a. To exchange ; tobuy off. 

CoM-MUTE', V. n. To bargain for exemption. 

CpM-MijT'i;-AL, a. Mutual ; reciprocal. 

Com'pSct, 7!. A contract ; a mutual agreement. 

Com-pXct' (114), V. a. To join together ; to league. 

CpM-PACT',a. Firm; solid; close; held together. 

CpM-PACT'ED-NESS, 77. Firmness ; density. 

CPM-pXct'ly, ad. Closely ; densely. 

CpM-PACT'NESS, 77. Firmness ; closeness. 

fCpM-PACT^URE (kom-piikt'yur), n. Structure. 

Com-pa' f}Elj,n. [L.] A system of parts united. 

CpM-?X(;t-i-NA'TlpN, 77. Union ; structure. 

CoM-PAN'lpN (kom-pan'yun), 77. A partner; an 
associate ; a comrade ; a fellow ; a mate. 

CpM-pXN'ipN-A-BLE, a. Fond of society ; fit for 
society ; social ; agreeable. 

CpM-pAN'ipN-A-BLE-NESS, 77. Sociableness. 

Cpiw-PAN'lpN-SHlP, 71. Company ; fellowship. 

C6m'pa-ny, 77. Persons assembled together : — 
assembly: — fellowship; a band; a society: — a 
body corporate : — a subdivision of a regiment. 

C6m'pA-RA-BIjE [kom'pa-ra-bl, iJ. fV. P. J. .Ja. 
Sm.; kom-pir'j-bl, ./9iA], a. That may be com- 
pared ; equal ; similar. 

Com'pa-rates [kom'pa-rats, Ja. Sm. Wb. ; kom- 
par'a-tez, P. K?], n. pi. Two things compared. 

Com-pXr'A-tIve, a. Estimated by comparison. 

— (Gram.) Expressing more or less. 
CpM-P,AR'A-TiVE-LY, ffrf. In a comparative state. 
Com-pAre', v. a. To measure one thing by another, 

— (Gram.) To show the degrees of comparison. 
Syn. — Compare, to show the resemblance be- 
tween things ; coiitraxt, to show the diti'crence. 

Cpm-pAre', 77. Comparison ; simile ; similitude. 
Cpm-pAr'er, n. One who compares. 
CPM-pAr'i-son, 71. Act of comparing ; a compar- 
ative estimate ; a simile ; similitude. 
Com-part', v. a. To divide ■ to mark out. 
Cpm-part'!-mEnt,7i. a division of apicture, &c 
CoM-PAR-Ti"TlpN, 71. Act of dividing ; division. 
Cqm-pXrt'MENT, 77. A division ; separate part. 

MIEN, sir; move, nor, s5n ; bOll, bur, rOle — P ^,^,soft! e,G,c,^,hard;§asz; 3f osgz: Tilli 




CcSm'pass, v. a. To encircle ; to encompass ; to 
grasp : — to procure ; to obtain ; to attain. 

CSm'pass, n. A circle ; grasp ; space , extent ; 
enclosure ; circumference ; — jiower of the voice : 
— a magnetic apparatus for steering ships. 

Com;'pass-e§, 71. pL An instrument for dividing, 
making circles, &c. 

CoM-PAS'sioN (kgm-pash'un), n. Grief for the 
suffering of others ; pity ; commiseration. 

rpivl-PAS'siON-^TE,a. Inclined to pity ; merciful. 

CpiM-PAS'sioN ATE,». a. To pity ; to commiserate. 

Com PA.s'sipN-ATE-LV, ofi. Mercifully; tenderly. 

Com PAS'siON-ATE NESS, 71. Tenderness. 

tCom-pa-ter'ni-ty, n. The relation of godfather. 

CoAlPAT-i bil'i-ty,7i. Consistency ; suitableness. 

Com PaT'i-ble, a. Suitable to ; fit for; consistent. 

Coivi-PAT'! BLE NESS, 71. Consistency; fitness. 

CpM-PAT'i ELY, arf. Fitly; suitably. 

*CpM PA'TRi-OT (kom-pa'tre-ut, S. JV. P. J. E. F. 
Ja. Sm. C. ; kom-pat're-ut, fVb.], n. One of the 
same country ; a fellow-countrj'man. 

*CpM-PA'TR!-pT, a. Being of tiie same country. 

Compeer', n. An equal ; a companion. 

CpM PEER', V. a. To be equal with , to mate. 

CpMPEL,', V. a. To force ; to oblige ; to constrain. 
Syn. — Compelled by poverty ; forced by hun- 
ger ; vbliired by conscience ; constrained by fear. 

CpM PiiL'r.A BLE, a. That may be compelled. 

Com PEL-LA'TipN, 71. Style or manner of address. 

CpM-PELL'ER, n. One who compels. 

Com'pend, 71. An abridgjtient ; compendiura. 

*CpM pen'di-oijs [kom pen'de-us, P. J. Ja. Sm. ; 
kpin pen'dyus^ S. E. F. K. ; kom-pen'je us, W.], 
a. Sliort ; concise , summary ; abridged. 

*CpM-PEN'Dl-ous-LY, ad. Shortly ; in epitome. 

*CpM-PEN'Dl-oys-NESS, 71. Shortness ; brevity. 

*CpM pen'di-Dm, 71. An abridgment •. summary ; 
epitome , an abstract. See Abridgment. 

CpM-PEN'SA-BLE, a. Susceptible of recompense 

Com-pen'sate [kom-pen'sat, S. W. P. J. E. F. 
Ja. Sm. C. ; kom'pensat, fVb.], v. a. To recom- 
pense ; to pay ; to requite. See Contemflate. 

Com PEN-sA'TipN, 71. Something paid for service, 
injury, or privation ; recompense ; amends. 

CpM-PiJN'SA-TiVE, a. That compensates. 

CoM-PEN'SA-Tp-RY, a. ftlaking amends. 

fCpM-PENSE', V. a. To compensate. 

CpM-PETE', V. n. To carry on competition; to 

CoM'PE-TENCE, ) 71. State of being competent; 

Com'pe TiiN-CY, ) capacity ; sufficiency. 

CoM'PE-TiiNT, a. Suitable; fit; able; capable. 

C6m'pe-tent-ly, ad. Adequately ; moderately. 

Com PE-Ti"TlpN, 71. A mutual contest for the 
same object • emulation ; rivalry. 

Syn. — An honorable competition or emulation ; 
severe contest , selfish rivalry. 

CpM PET'! TOR, 71. A rival , an opponent, [tion. 

Com Pl-LATipN, n. Act of compiling: — collec- 

CpM-PiLE', V. a. To collect from various authors. 

CpM pTlement, 71. Coacervation ; a piling to- 

CpM pil'ijr, n. One who compiles. [gether. 

CpMPLA'ciLNCE, ) 71. Gratification ; satisfaction ; 

CpM PLA'CEN-CY,] pleasure; civility. 

CpM PLA'CENT, a. Civil ; affable ; mild ; easy. 

CpM PLA'CENT-LY, ad. In a soft or easy manner. 

CpM PLAIN', V. n. To murmur ; to find fault. 

CpM PLAIN A-BLE, a. That is to be com|)lained of. 

CpM plain'ant,7!. (Law.) One who urges a suit. 

CpM PLAIN'ER, 71. One who complains. 

CpM PLAIN'ING, 71. Expression of sorrow. 

CpM-PLAlNT',71. Accusation ; information against: 
— a lamentation : — a malady ; a disease. 

Com-plai-sXnce', 71. Civility; courtesy. 

Syn. — Complaisance, civility, and courtesy to 
equals ; deference to superiors ; condescension to 

C6m-plai-§ant', a. Civil; courteous; polite. 

CpM-PLAI-§ANT'Ly, arf. Civilly; politely. 

Com-PLAI-^Xnt'NESS, 71. Civility ; politeness. 

CpM-PLA'NATE 07- CpM-PLANE', V. a. To level. 

Com'ple-ment, 71. A full quantity or number. 

CoM-PLij MENT'AL, a. Filling Up ; completing. 

CpMPLETE', a. Perfect; entire; full; accom- 
plished ; finished. 

Syn. — Entire house ; complete apartment ; per- 
fect work ; finished performance ; full number. 

Com plete', v. a. To perfect ; to finish ; to fulfil. 

CpM PLETE'LY, a(i. Fully; perfectly; entirely. 

COM-PLETE'NESS, 71. Perfection ; completion. 

Com PLE'TipN, 71. Act of completing; accom- 
plishment ; perfect state ; close ; end. 

CpM-PLE'TlvE, a. Filling ; making complete. 

CpM-PLE'Tp-RY, a. Fulfilling ; completing. 

CoM'PLEX, a. Intricate ; complicated ; entangled 5 
of many parts ; not simple. 

Com'plex, n. Complication ; collection. 

CpM-PLEXED' (-ple.xt'), a. Complicated ; complex. 

CpM-PLJEX'ED-NESS, 71. Complication. 

CpM-PLEX'ipN (kom-plek'shun), 71. The color of 
the skin or of the external parts of any body :— ' 
temperature or habitude of the body. 

CpM-PLEX'ipN-AL, a. Pertaining to complexion. 

CpM-PLEX'ipN-AL-LY, ad. By complexion. 

Com PLEX'ipN-A-RY, a. Relating to complexion. 

CpM-PLEX'ipNED (yund), a. Having a certain 

CpM PLEX'l-TY, 71. State of being complex. 

Syn. — Oomplezity of the subject; complication 
of parts ; intricacy of the plot. 

Com'plex-ly, ad. In a complex manner. 

CoM'PLEX-NESS, n. State of being complex. 

CpM-PLEX'VRE (kom-plex'yur), 71. Complication 

CpM-PLl'A-BLE,a. Disposed to comply ; yielding. 

CpM-PLl'ANCE, 71. Act of complying , assent. 

C'PMPlT'ant, a. Yielding ; bending ; civil 

CoM'PLi CA CY, 71. State uf being complicated. 

Com'PlI-cate (117), V. a. To entangle one with, 
another . to involve mutually ; to join. 

Com'pli-cate, a. Compounded ; complicated. 

C5m'pli CAT ED, p. a Entangled; involved 

C6m'pli-cate-ly, ad. In a complicated manner. 

Com'pli-cate ness, 7i. Intricacy; perplexity. 

Com PLI CA'TipN, 71. Complexity; intricacy. 

CoM'PLl-CA TlVE, a. Tending to involve 

CpM-PL'lC'I-TY, n. State of being an accomplice. 

CpM PLl'^ER, 71. One who complies 

CoM'PLjMENT, 71. An act or exjiression of civility 
or respect , delicate flattery , praise. 

CoM'PLl-MENT. V. a. To flatter to praise 

Com'pli-mEnt, « 71 To use adulatory language 

CoM-PLl ment'al, a. Implying compliments 

Com PLl-MENT'AL-L V, ad- By way of civility 

CoM-PLl ment'a-ry, a. Bestowing compliments; 
expressive of civility ; civil ; flattering 

CoM'PLl MENT er. 71 One who compliments. 

CoM'PLlNE, n. The last prayer at night 111 the 
Roman Catholic church 

CoM'PLOT (114) fkom'plot, W. S.J F. Sm. C. TVb i 
kom plot', P Ja.'\, 71. A confederacy in a secret 
plot ; a joint plot. 

CpM-PLOT', V. n. To form a plot ; to conspire. 

CpM PLOT'MENT, 71. Conspiracy, [r.] 

CpM-PLOT'TER, 71. A conspirator. 

CpM-PLi.J-TEN'siAN, a. Noting the Polyglot Bibla 
published by Cardinal Ximenes in 1575. 

CpM-PLY', V. n. To yield ; to assent ; to consent 
Syn. — Comply WxW^ a reasonable request; con- 
form to good customs ; yield to superiors ; assent 
to what is true ; consent to what is reasonable. 

CpM-PO'NENT, a. Forming a compound or a part. 

CpM-PO'NENT, 71. A constituent part. 

Cpm-pSrt', v. n. To agree ; to suit ; to bear 

Comport', v. a. To bear ; to endure ; to behave. 

tCoM'PORT [kom'port, W.J. F Ja. K Sm. fVb.f 
kom-port', S. P \, n Behavior, conduct 

Com-port'a-ble, a. Consistent , suitable 

fCpM-PORT'MENT, 71. Behavior ; deportment. 

Cpk-POSE', V. a. To form, as a compo.ind ; to 
put together : — to write, as an author : — to quiet; 
to adjust j to settle ; to constitute .- — to arrange, 
as types. 

5, E, 1, 6, u, Y, long ; A, fi, T, 6, U, Y, short ; A, E, I, p, IJ, y, obscure.— FARB, far, fAst, all ; HfilR, HER,- 




COM-p6§ED'(kom pozd'),p a- Calm ; quiet. 
Syn. — Composed spirits ; sedate deportment ; calm 
passions ; quiet state. 

Com po^'ed-ly, ad. Calmly ; sedately ; quietly. 

CpMPO^'ED-NESS, K. Sedateness ; tranquillity. 

COM-PO§'ER, n. One who composes ; an author. 

Com-po§'ing-St'ick,?j. {Printing.) An instrument 
in which types are arranged into words and lines. 

C<?M-p6s'ite, a. Compounded; united. — {Arch.) 
Noting'the last of the five orders of architecture. 

C6m-p<?-jI"tiqn (Icom-po-zlsh'un), n. Act of 
composing ; thing composed ; a mixture ; a writ- 
ten work : — adjustment ; compact. — {Oram.) 
Act of joining two words together. 

CpM-POf 'i-TiVE, a. Tending to compound. 

CoM-PS^'i-TOR, n. One who sets types. 

CSin'pQS nien'tis, [L j Being of sound mind. 

CoM'POST, n. A mi.xed manure ; any mixture. 

CoM-POST', V. a. To manure with compost. 

CpM-p6§'yRE (kgm-po'zhur), n. Adjustment; 
composition : — tranquillity ; sedateness. 

C6m-po-ta'tion, n. Act of drinking together. 

C'OM'pp-TA-TOR, 71. One who drinks with another. 

Com-pound' (114), «.a. To form of different parts; 
to mingle ; to combine: — to adjust. 

Cpjl-pcjUND', V. n. To come to term; ; to agree. 

CoM'PofJND, a. Formed out of many ingredients : 
— formed of two or more words. — Compound in 
terest, interest charged both on the principal and 

CoM'POUND, n, A mixture of many ingredients. 

Com-pound'a-ble, a. That may be compounded. 

Com-pound'er, n. One who compounds. 

Com-pre-hend', ■«. a. To contain in tlie mind; 
to understand : — to include ; to comprise. 

CoM-PRE-Hi^N'si-BLE, a. That may be compre- 
hended , mtelligible ; conceivable. 

Com pre-hen'si-ble-ness, n. Intelligibleness. 

C6m-pre-he?<'si-bly, ad. With comprehension. 

CoM-PRE-HEN'sioN, n. Act of Comprehending ; 
power of comprehending ; capacity 

Com-PRE-hen'sive, a. E.xtensive ; capacious ; 
large ; vi'ide ; broad. 

Syn. — A comprehensive view ; extensive re- 
search ; a capacious mmd ; a wide field. 

Com pre hen'sive ly, arf. With comprehension. 

Com pre hen'sive-ness, 7i. Capaciousness. 

Com press', v. a. To press together ; to crowd. 

CoM'PRliss (114), n. {Surg.) A bolster of linen. 

Cqm PRES-si bil'i ty,7J. The being compressible. 

Com PRES'Sj-BLEi a. That may be compressed. 

Com PRiiS'si-BLE-NESS, n. Compressibility. 

CQM-PRES'sioN (kom-presh'un), n. Act of com- 
pressing ; condensation ; compressure 

Com PRES'siVE, a. Having tlie power to compress. 

Com press'qr, ?(. He or that which compresses. 

Com press'ure (k9in-presh'ur),?t. Act of pressing. 

Com PRi'^AL, n. The act of comprising. 

CpM PRi§E', V. a. To contain ; to include. 

Syn. — An Encyclopedia comprises many vol- 
umes ; comprehends all the sciences ; embracer all 
subjects ; contains much useful matter ; and is 
designed tninclude every thing of importance. 

CoM'PRO Mi§E, 7!. An adjustment: — a compact 
in which concessions are made on each side. 

Co.M'PRO Ml.^E, V a. To compound: — to adjust 
a dispute by mutual concessions ; to adjust 

CoM'PRQ MLfE, V. n. To agree ; to accord. 

CoM'Pup-Ml^-ER, n. One who compromises. 

CoM'PRQ-MiT, v.a. To pledge; to promise : — to 
compromise : — to put to hazard. 

CfiMPRO-vJN'ciAL, n. One of tlie same province. 

fCOMPT (kbunt), u. a. To count. See Count. 

CpMP-TROL'LER (kgn-trol'er), n. {Law.) An 
officer who examines the accounts of the col- 
lectors of the public money. See Controller. 

CpMPriL'sATiVE, a. Compelling; forcing. 

Com-pOl'sa TlvE-LY, ad. With compulsion. 

CompCl'sa-TQ-rv, a. Compelling; forcing. 

CpM pTjL'.sipN, n. Act (if coiiipelliiig ; force. 

CpMPOL'SIVE, a. Compelling; forcing. 

CpM-PUL'siVE-LY, ad. By force ; by 
Cpm-pul'sive-n£ss, n. Force ; compulsion. 
CpM-PUL'sp-Ri-LY, ad. By compulsion. 
COM-PUL'sp-RY, a. Compelling ; constraining. 
CpM-PUNc'Tipk, 71. Act of pricking ; remorse. 
Syn. — Compunction for sin ; remorse for great 

crimes. See Repentance. 
CpM-PUNC'Tlous, a. Repentant; sorrowful. 
CSm-pur-ga'tion, ?!. Act of establishing any 

man's veracity by the testimony of others. 
CoM'PVR-GA-TpR, ?i. One who bears his testi. 

monyto the credibility of another. 
CoM-pu'TA-BLE, a. Capable of being numbered. 
CoM-PU-TA'TlpN, ?j. Act of reckoning ; estimate; 

calculation ; account. [estimate. 

COM-PUTE', V. a. To reckon; to calculate; to 
CpM-PUT'ER, n. A reckoner; a calculator. 
CoM'pu-TlST [fcom'pu-tist, S. W. P. F. ; kom-pu'- 

tjst, Ja. Sm. C.J, 77. A computer; a calculator. 
Com'rade or Com'rade [kum'rad, S. IV. P.J. F. 

R. C. ; koni'rad, E. Ja. Sm. ffb.], n. A compan- 
ion ; an associate. 
Coiv, ad. An abbreviation of the Latin word co?i- 

tra ; against ; as, to dispute pro and co7i ; that is, 

for and against. 
Con, v. a. To study ; to commit to memory. 
Co7i a-mo're, fit.] With love or inclination. 
-7". 2vj;''^;'s, n. f L.] An attempt ; an effort. 
Cpn-i^aM'e-rate, v. a. To arch over ; to vault. 
Con-cam e-ra'tion, n. An arch ; a vault. 
Con-cat' E-NATE, v. a. To link together. 
Con-cat-^-nA'tion, 77. A linking ; series of links. 
CoN-CA-VA'TipN, 71. The act of making concave. 
Con'cave, a. Hollow ; opposed to co7i7)cx. 
CoN'CAVE (kong'kav), 77. A hollow ; a cavity. 
Con'cave-ness, n. Ilollowness ; concavity. 
CoN-cXv'i TV. n Inside cavity; hollowness. 
CoN-CA'vp-coN'cAVE, a. Concave on both sides, 
CoN-CA'vp-coN'VEX, a. Concave on one side, 

and convex on the other. 
CpN-cA'voys, a. Concave ; hollow. 
Con-ceal' (kon-s51'), v. a. To hide ; to secrete. 
Syn. — Men conceal facts ; hide the truth, or them- 
selves ; secrete goods ; dissemble feelings. 
Con-ceal'a-Ble, a. Capable of being concealed. 
CpN-CEAL'ED-NESS, 7i. Privacy; obscurity. 
Con-ceal'er, 71. One who conceals. 
CpN-CEAL'jNG, 77. A hiding, or keeping close. 
CpN-CEAL'MENT,77. Act of hiding: — hiding-place. 
CpN-CEDE', V. a. To yield ; to admit ; to grant. 
Con-cede', v. n. To admit ; to make concession. 
CpN-CElT' (kon-set'), 77. Fancy ; imagination ; 

notion; opinion; idea: — pride ; vanity. — {Rhet.) 

An ingenious thought ; fancy ; affected wit. 
CpN-CElT', V. a. To conceive ; to imagine. 
CpN-CElT'ED, p. a. Proud; opinionative ; vain. 
Con-ceit'eu-ness, 77. Pride; opinionativeness. 
CpN-CElv'A-BLE, a. That may be conceived. 
CpN-CElv'A-BLE-NESS,7(. The being conceivable. 
CpN-CElv'A-Bl,Y, ad. In a conceivable manner. 
CpN-CEIVE' (kon-sSv'), V. a. To admit into the 

womb: — to form in the mind ; to imagine. 
CON-CEIVE', v.n. To think: — to become pregnant. 
CpN-CElv'ER, ?!. One who conceives. 
CpN-CElv'iNG, 77. Apprehension; understanding. 
CoN-CENT', 77. Concert of voices ; liarmony. 
CON-CEN'TRATE, V. a. To bring together, or to a 

centre ; to condense. 
Con-cen-trA'tion, 77. Act of concentrating. 
CpN-CEN'TRA-TlVE-NEss, 7(. {Phren.) The power 

of concentration. 
C'pn-cEn'tre (kon-sen'ter), v, n. To tend to one 

common centre. 
Con-cen'tre (kon-sen'ter), 7j. a. To concentrate. 
Cpn-cEn'tric, ) a. Having one common 
Cp,\-c£N'TRi-cAL, j centre. 
C6N-cEN-TRi<;;'i-Tv, n. State of being concentric, 
CpN-cENT'i;-AL, a. Harmonious. 
CpN-cEp'TA-CLE, 77. A receptacle ; a follicle, 
CpN-ciiP'T!-BLE, a. Possible to be conceived. 
C9N-c]iP'TlC)N,77. Act of conceiving: — thing con- 

MlEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR. SON; bOll, bUk, rOle — 5,9, ^, so/t/ je,fi,£,g,/iardi §asz;^asgz: Tllia , 




ceived ; notion ; image in tlie mind j thought ; 

Cqn-cisp'tive, a. Producing conception. 

CON-clJPT'y-AL-iST, 71. One wiio holds that the 
mind lias the power to form general conceptions. 

Cqn-cern', v. a. To relate to; to belong to; to 
affect ; to interest ; to touch ; to disturb. 

Cqn-cjlrn', 7(. Business; affair; interest; care. 

CON-ciJRiv'lNG, prep. Relating to. 

CpN-cisRN'MENT, n. Concern ; care ; business. 

Cqn-cert', v. a. To settle ; to contrive ; to adjust. 

CON-ciiRT', V. n. To consult; to contrive. 

CoJN'ciiRT, 7(. Apian: — a musical entertainment. 

CoN-CER' TO, n. [It.] A piece of music ; a concert. 

CoN-ciss'sioN (kon-sesh'un), ?;. Act of conced- 
ing : — thing conceded ; a grant. 

CON-CES'siON-A-RY, a. Given by allowance. 

CON-clis'siVE, a. impl}'ing concession. 

CoN-ciJs'siVE-LY, ad. By way of concession. 

CoNEH (kongk), n. A marine shell. 

Con'jBHITE (koag'kit), n. A petrified shell. 

CoN'.eHoiD (kbng'kbid), n. A matliematical curve. 

Con-£;hoid'ai., a. Resembling the conchoid. 

CpN-BHOL'o-c^isT, n. One versed in conchology. 

Cq.n-jEh6l.'o-(^y, n. The science of shells, or of 
testaceous animals. 

CoN-ciL'l-ATE [kon-sil'yat, S. W. E. F. Ja.: kon- 
sil'e-at, P. J. Sm. R. C.], v. a. To gain by favor ; 
to win ; to reconcile. 

Syn. — Conciliate esteem ; win a prize ; reconcile 
persons who are at variance. 

CON-ciL-i-A'TiON, 7U Act of conciliating ; peace. 

CoN-ciL'l-A-TOR, n. One who conciliates. 

CpN-ciL'i-A-TQ-RY [kon-sil'e-a-tiir-e, IV. P. J. Ja. 
K. C. ; kon-sii'ya-tiir-e, E. F. Sm.], a. Tending 
to reconciliation ; pacifying ; persuasive. 

Con-cin'ni-TY, ?!. Decency; fitness. 

Con-cIse', a. Brief; short; comprehensive. 

Con-cise'ly, ad. In a concise manner; briefly. 

Con-cise'ness, n. State of being concise ; brevity. 

CoN-ci"§lpN (kon-sizh'un), n. Act of cutting off. 

CoN-ci-TA'TlpN, 11. The act of stirring up. 

tC6N-cx,A-MA'TipN, 71. A general outcry. 

Con'claVe, n. An assembly of cardinals. 

CpN-CLUDE', V. a. To determine: — to finish. 

Cpn-clCde', v. n. To end : — to infer ; to deter- 

CpN-CLJjD'ER, 7i> One who concludes. [mine. 

CpN-CL.u'§ipN (kon-klu'zhun),7i. Act of conclud- 
ing ; final decision : — the close ; the end : — infer- 
ence ; deduction. 

Con-ClO'sive, a. Decisive ; final ; ending debate. 
Syn. — Conclusive reasoning; decisive opinion; 
final decision. 

CpN-CLu'siVE-LY, ad. In a conclusive manner. 

CpN-CLu'siVE-NESS,7i. State of being conclusive. 

C6n-cp-Xg'u-late, v. a. To congeal together. 

Con-co-Xg-V-la'tion, n. Act of coagulating. 

CpN-coCT', V. a. To digest ; to purify ; to ripen. 

Cpi*f-c6c'TipN, 71. Act of concocting ; digestion. 

CpN-c6c'TiVE, a. Of a concocting nature. 

CpN-coM'l-TANCE, j 71. Act or state of subsist- 

CpN-coM'i-TAN-cy, ) ing with something else. 

Con-com'i-tXivt, a. Accompanying; attending. 

CpN-coM'i-TANT, 71. An attendant ; companion. 

CpN-coM'l-TANT-LY, ad. In company with others. 

Con'cord (kong'kbrd), 7t. Agreement; union: — 
agreement of words : — harmony of sound. 

Cpn^-cord'ance, 71. Concord: — a dictionary or 
index to the Scriptures. 

Cpn-cord'an-cy, n. Concord. 

Con-cord'ant, a. Harmonious; agreeing. 

Cpn-cord'ant, n. That which is correspondent. 

CpN-coRD'ANT-LY, ad. In conjunction. 

CpN-coR'DAT, 71. [Fr.] Acompact; a convention. 

CpN-coRD'isT, 71. A writer of a concordance. 

CoN-coR'pp-RATE, V. a. To unite in one body. 

CpN-coR'pp-RATE, V. n. To unite into one body. 

CpN-coR-Pp-RA'TipN, n. Union in one mass. 

CQn'course (kong'kors), n. A confluence ; an 
assembly of men ; a meeting ; a multitude. 

CoN'cRE-MliNT, 71. A mass formed by concretion. 

CpN-CEES'CENCE,7!. Growth by union of particles, 

Con-cres'cive, a. Growing together ; uniting. 

CpN-CRETE', V. 71. To coalesce into one mass. 

CpN-CRiLTE', V. a. To form by concretion. 

*C6n'crete or Con-crete' [kon'kret, S. P. £. 
F. Sm. C. IVb. ; kon-kref, fV. Ja. K.], a. Formed 
by concretion ; compounded. — {Logic.) Applied 
to or connected with a subject, not abstract. 

*C6n'crete (114), 71. Amass formed by concretion. 

*C6]v'cRETE-i.Y or CpN-CRETE'LY, ad. In a 
concrete^manner. [agulation. 

*C6n'crete-ness or Cpn-criste'ness, 71. Co- 

Con-cre'tion, 71. Act of concreting ; amass. 

CpN-CRE'TipN-AL, a. Implying coiicretiim. 

CpN-CRE'TiVE, a. Coagulative ; coalescing. 

Cpiv-cu'Bl-NA(^E, 71. The act of living with a wo- 
man as a wife, though not married. 

CpN-cu'Bl-NAL, ) a. Relating to concubinage, 

CpN-cu'El-NA-RY, \ or to a concubine. 

CoN'cy-BiNE, 71. A woman kept in concubinage. 

CpN-cu'pis-ciiNCE, 71. Irregular desire : lust. 

CpN-cu'pis-cl3NT, a. Libidinous; lecherous. 

CpN-cu'Pis-ci-BLE, a. Impressing desire ; eager. 

CpN-ciJR', V. 71. To meet in one point ; to agree. 

Con-cur'rence, 71. Act of concurring ; union. 

CpN-ciJR'RENT,a. Acting in conjunction ; uniting. 

Con-cur'rent, 71. A joint or contributory cause. 

CpN-ctJR'RENT-LY, ad. In an agreeing manner. 

CoN-ctJS'sipN (kon-kl3sh'un), 71. The act of shak- 
ing ; agitation ; the state of being shaken. 

CpN-cDs'siVE, a. Having the power of shaking. 

CpN-DEMN' (kon-dem'), iJ- a- To find guilty; to 
doom to punishment ; to censure ; to blame. 

CpN-DEM'NA-BLE, a. Blamable ; culpable. 

CoN-DEM-NA'TipN, 71. Act of Condemning ; a sen^ 
fence of punishment ; severe censure. 

CpN-DiiM'NA-Tp-RY, a. Implying condemnation. 

Cqn-dem'ner, 71. One who condemns. 

CpN-DEN'SA-BLE, o. Capable of condensation. 

CpN-DliN'SATE,!). a. To make thicker; tocondensa 

CpN-DitN'SATE, V. 71. To condense. 

CON-DiJN'SATE, a. Made thick ; condensed. 

06n-den-sa'tion, 71. Act of making more dense. 

CoN-DiiN'sA-TiVE, a. Tending to condense. 

CpN-DjiNSE',7). a. To make more dense ; to thicken. 

CpN-DlJNSE', V, 71. To grow dense or thick. 

CpN-DiJNSE', a.- Thick ; dense ; compact. 

CoN-DiJNS'ER, n. He or that which condenses: — 
a metallic vessel for condensing air or steam. 

CoN-DliN'si-TY, 71. Condensation ; denseness. 

Con-de-scend', v. n. To descend from superior 
rank ; to yield ; to submit ; to stoop. 

CoN-DE-sciiND'ENCE, 71. Voluntary submission. 

CoN-DE-scEND'lNG, 71. Voluntary humiliation. 

CoN-DE-sciiND'iNG, p. a. Stooping ; kind ; meek. 

Con-de-scen'sion, 71. Descent from superiority ; 
voluntary humiliation ; deference ; complaisa7ice. 

CpN-DiGN' (kon-din'), a. Merited ; deserved; fit. 

CpN-DiG'Nl-TY, 71. Merit ; desert. 

Con-dT&n'Ly (kon-din'le), ad. Deservedly. 

CpN-DlGN'NESS (kon-din'nes), n. Suitableness. 

CoN'Dl-MJJNT, 71. A seasoning; a sauce. 

CoN-Dls-ci'PLE, 71. A fellow-disciple. 

CpN-DlTE', V. a. To pickle ; to preserve. 

CpN-Di"TIpN (kon-dish'un), 71. Situation ; cir> 
cumstance ; quality ; state ; temper ; rank : — 
stipulation; terras of compact ; article. 

CpN-Dl"TipN, V. n. To contract ; to stipulate. 

CpN-D'i"TipN-AL, a. Containing conditions ; not 
absolute ; stipulated ; dependent. [al. 

CpN-Di-TipN-AL'l-TY,7i. State of being condition. 

CpN-Dl"TipN-AL-LY, ad. With certain limitations. 

CpN-Di"TlpN-A-RY, a. Stipulated ; conditional. 

CpN-Dl"TipNED (kon-dish'und), a. Having qual- 
ities or properties good or bad ; stipulated. 

Con'dj-tp-ky, 71. A repository. 

CpN-DOLE', V. 71. To lament with and for others. 

CpN-DOLE', V. a. To lament with or for. 

CpN-DOLE'MENT, 71. Grief; condolence. 

CpN-DO'LENCE, 71. Act of Condoling ; grief fol 
another's sorrows ; sympathy ; pity. 

A, E, 1, 6, u, V, lo7ig- ; S, £, 1, 6, 0, 1?, short ; A, e, I, p, y, ¥, obscure.— FkRE, fXr, fAst, All; h£ir, her, 




CC)N-d5l.'EK, n. One n'ho condoles. 

Cqn-dol'ing, ?!. Exf ression of condolence. 

Con'DQR, n. A very large bird ; the great vulture. 

C<?n-duce', v. II. To tend ; to contribute. 

CpN-DUCE'MENT, M. Tendency. [R.] 

Cqn-dO'c!-bi.e, a. Promoting; tending to. 

CoN-DU'ci-BLE-NESS, n. Quality of conducing. 

CON-Du'ciVE, a. Tending to conduce ; aiding, 

CON-DU'ciVE-Niiss, 11. Quality of conducing. 

CSn'dDct, 7i. Management; behavior; demean- 
or ; depfirtment ; direction ; carriage. 

Con-dOct' (114), V. a. To lead; to direct; to 
manage ; to guide ; to regulate. 

Syn. — Conduct a stranger, a train ; guide the 
young ; lead a child, a horse ; direct or regulate a 
movement , manage business. 

Con-dDc'tion, n. The act of conducting. 

C6N-Dyc-Ti"Tious, a. Employed fur wages. 

Cqn-duc'tive, a. Directing; managing. 

CQN dDc'tqr, 7i. He or that which conducts; a 
leader, chief: — manager; director. — (Elec.) A 
substance that transmits the electric fluid 

Con dDc'tress, n. A woman who conducts. 

CoN'DUlT [kun'djt, W. P. .J. F. Ja. Sni, ; kon' 
dwit, S. ; kon'dit, £. ; kon'dwit, vulgarly kun'- 
dit, C.], n. A water-pipe ; a canal. 

CpN-DU'PLi gate, a. Doubled together. 

Con DU PLi-CA'TipN,n. A doubling ; aduplicate. 

Con'dvle, 71. The rounded head of a bone. 

Cone, n. A solid body in the form of a sugar-loaf. 

Co'NEY or Con'ey, M. See Cony. 

Con fab'u late, v. n. To talk together ; to chat. 

CpN FAB u-LA'TlpN, n. Talk ; conversation 

CpNFAB'u-LA TOEV-. a. Belonging to prattle. 

CpN FiicT', V. a. To make up into sweetmeats, 

CoN'FiiiCT, n. A sweetmeat ; a confection. 

Con Fiic'TipN, 71. A sweetmeat ; a preserve. 

■fCpN FEC'TipN A Ry, 77. A Confectioner. 

CpN Fiic'TipN ER, n. A maker of sweetmeats. 

CpN FJic'TlON ER-y, 77. Sweetmeats in general : 
— a place for sweetmeats. 

CpN fEd'er A-cy, 77. A league ; federal compact; 
confederation ; alliance ; association. 

Con FED'ER ATE, V. a. & 77. To join in a league. 

CpN FiiD'ER-ATE, a. United in a league ; allied. 

CpNFED'ER ATE, 77. All ally; an accomplice. 

Con FiiD-ER-A'TlpN, 77. A league ; confederacy. 

CpN fer', v. 77. To discourse together ; to consult. 

CpN-FER', V. a. To give ; to bestow ; to grant. 

Con'fer-ence, 77. Formal discourse ; an oral 
discussion ; conversation , a parley. 

Con-fer'rer, 77. One who confers. [weed. 

Cqn-fer' rA,n. [L. ] (Bot.) River-weed ; hair- 

CpN-FESs', 71. a. To acknowledge, as a crime or 
fault , to admit ; to own ; to grant : — to hear the 
confession of, as a priest. 

CpN-FESs', 7!. 77. To make confession ; to reveal. 

CpN-FESS'ED-LY, ad, Avowedly ; indisputably. 

CpN-Fi3S'sipN (kon fesh'un), ?7. Act of confessing ; 
acknowledgment ; profession ; avowal : — a for- 
mulary of articles of faith. [sion-chair. 

CpN-Fii.s'sipN-AL (kon-fesh'un-fil), n. Confes- 

CpN-Fiis'sipN-A-Ry, 77. A confessional. 

CpN FES'sipN-A-RV, a. Belonging to confession. 

CpN Fii.s'sipNisT, 77. Ono who professes his faith. 

Con'fes-sor or CoN-FES'soR [kon'fes-sur, S. PV. 
J. E.' F. Ja. Sin. R. C. ; kon-fes'sur, P. fVb. .3sh, 
Rees]. 77. One who confesses: — ono who makes 
profession of his faith in face of danger: — one 
who hears confessions. 

CpN-FEST', a. Avowed : — properly, confessed. 

Con-fi-dXnt' [kon-fe-danf, S. IV. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. 
C. ; kJii'fe-dant, P. J. Wb.\, n. A confidential 
friend : — one trusted with secrets. 

Con-fi-uAnte', 77. A female confided in. 

CpN-FiDE', 7j. n,. To have confidence ; tn trust. 
Syn. — Confide in the ability of a person, and 
trust to ins honesty. 
CpN-FlDE', V. a. To trust, to intrust. 
C6n'F!-d£nce, 77. Act of confiding ; trust ; firm 
belief; assurance ; credit ; reliance : — boldness. 

Con'fi-dent, a. Positive ; daring bo]J ; impudenl 
Con'fi-dent, 77. A confidant, which see. 
CoN-FJ-DEN'TlAL, a. Private ; trusty ; faithfuL 
CoN'ri-DENT-Ly, ad. Without doubt or fear. 
CoN'Ff-DENT-NJiSS, 77. Confidence; assurance. 
Con-fId'er, 77. One who confides. 
CpW-FiG'u-RATE, V. 77. To show like the aspects 
of the planets towards each other, 

CpN-FiG-v-RA'TipN, 71. External form ; figure. 

CpN Fl&'URE, V. a. To dispose into any form. 

CpN-ri'NA-BLE, a. That may be confined. 

Con'fine, 77. Common boundary ; border ; edge. 

CpN-FlNE' or CoN'FiNE, i). 77. To border upon. 

CpN fine', v. a. To limit ; to shut up ; to restrain., 

Con-fIne'less, a. Boundless; witliout end. 

CpN-FlNE'MENT, 77. Imprisonment; restraint, 

CpN FiN'ER,7i. A restrainer : — a borderer. 

CpN-FiN'l-TY, 77. Nearness; neighborhood. 

CpN-FiRM', 7). a. To put past doubt ; to corrobo- 
rate; to establish ; to ratify: — to admit to com- 

Syn. — Truth is confirmed by circumstances, 
established by witnesses, whose testimony is corrob- 
orated by others ; confirm reports ; ratify treaties. 

CpN-FiRM'A-BLE, a. Capable of being confirmed. 

Con FlR-MA'TipN,77. Act of confirming , evidence ; 
convincing testimony: — an ecclesiastical rite. 

CpN FiRM'A-TivE, a. Having power to confirm, 

CoN-FlR-MA'TpR, 77. One who confirms. 

CpN-FiRM'A Tp-Ry, a. That serves to confirm. 

CpN-FiRM'ED-NESS, 77. State of being confirmed. 

CpN-FlRM'ER, 77. One who confirms. 

CpN FiRM'iNG LY, ad. With confirmation. 

Con Fis'CA BLE, a. Liable to forfeiture. 

CpN-Fis'CATE [kpn-fls'kat, S. fV. P. J. E. F. Ja. 
Sm. R. C. ; kon'fjs-kat, H^b. Kenrick], v. a. To 
transfer private property to the state ; to cause to 
to be forfeited. See Contemplate. 

CpN-ris'CATE, a. Forfeited to the public. 

Confis-ca'tion, n. The act of confiscating. 

CoN'Fls-CA-TpR, 77. One who confiscates. 

Con Fis'cA-Tp-Ry, a. Consigning to forfeiture. 

CpN-FLA' GRANT, a. Burning together. 

C5n-fla-gra'tipn, 77. A great or general fire. 

CpN-FLA'TlpN, 77, Act of blowing together. 

CpN-FLiCT', V. n. To strive ; to contest ; to fight. 

Con'flict, 77. Collision ; contest ; strife ; struggle. 

Con FLicT'iNG, p. a. Opposing ; contending. 

CpN FLic'TlVE, a. Tending to conflict. 

Con'flv-ence, 77. The junction of two or more 
streams : — a concourse ; collection : — concur- 

Con'flu-ENT, a. Flowing together ; meeting. 

Con'flv-ent, 77. A tributary stream. 

Con'flux, 7i. Union of several currents; a crowd. 

CpN-FORM', 7). a. To make like, or of one form. 

Con-form', v. n. To comply with ; to yield. 

Con-FORM'a-BLE, a. Corresponding with ; agree- 
able ; suitable ; consistent. 

CoN-FORM'A-BLy, ad. Agreeably; suitably. 

CpN-FOR'MATE, a. Having the same form. 

Con FpR-MA'TipN,77. Act of conforming; likeness 
of form ; form ; structure. 

CpN-FORM'ER, 77. One who conforms. 

CpN-FORM'iST, 77. One who conforms, orcomplies 
with the worship of the established church. 

CpN-FORM'i-Ty, 71. Compliance; similitude. 

CpN-FouND', 7!. a. To mingle; to perple-x ; to 
puzzle: — to amaze;'to astonish: — toabas/i; to 
stupefy : — to destroy ; to overthrow. 

CpN-FoiJND'ED, 77. a. Mixed ; confused ; abaslied j 
astonished : — enormous. [ Vulgar.'] 

Con-FoOnd'ed-LY, arf. Enormously. [ Vulgar, j 

Cpn-foOnd'ED-ness, 77. The being confounded. 

CpN-FoOND'^R, n. One who confounds. 

CoN-FRA-TEli'Nl-TY, 77. A rclifiious brotlierliood. 

CoN-FRl-CA'TipN, 77. Act ol rubbing against. 

CpN-FRONT' or CON-FRONT' \koii-front', iJ. IV. F. 
Ja. K. ; kon-frunt', P. J. E. Sm. C. IVb.], v. a. 
To set face to face; to face: — to oppose: — to 

MlEN, SIR j MOVE, NOR, SON; BOLL, BUR, U OLE. — 9, y, ^,sw/Y ,•£,«,£, |,/70rd; f OS Z J ?f OS gZ : THia 




C5n-FRON-t1'tion, n. Act of confronting. 

CpN-FU§E', V. a. To confound ; to mix ; to perplex. 

CON-FUf 'ed-ly, ad. Indistinctly ; not clearly. 

Con-fus'ed-ness, 71. Want of distinctness. 

Coiv-FU'§lON (kon-fu'zhun), v. State of beingcon- 
fiised ; irregular mixture : — tumult; disorder: — 
overthrow : — astonishment. 

Con-fD'ta-ble, a. That may be confuted. 

Con-fu'tant, n. One who confutes. 

Con-fu-ta'tion, 7t. Act of confuting ; refutation. 

Cojv-fOte', v. a. To convict of error ; to disprove. 
Syn. — Confute an argument ; refute a charge ; 
disprove a statement. 

tCoN-FUTE'MENT, 71. Disproof; confutation. 

Con-fut'er, n. One who confutes. 

CoN'fiE (kon'je), 71. [Fr.J Act of reverence; 
bow ;_courtesy : —leave ; nirewell. 

C6n'9 E or C6n-^e', v. 71. To take leave. 

CoN'cjtE, 71. (^rch.) A sort of moulding. 

CpN-(;JiiAL', V. a. To turn, by frost, from a fluid to a 
solid state ; to freeze. 

CON-qtEAL', V. n. To gather into a mass by cold. 

CpN-(}£AL'A-BLE, a. Susceptible of congelation 

CoN-c^iJAL'MENT, 7!. Congelation; a clot. 

CbiV/JB j>'£i/i{£ (kbn'je-de-lGr'),7i. [Fr.] (En^. 
Law.) The king's permission to a dean and 
chapter to choose a bishop. 

CSn-^e-la'tiqn, n. Act or state of congealing. 

C(JN'f}E-NER,n. [L.] One of the same nature. 

C6n-(^e-ner'!C, a. Being of the same genus. 

*Con-(j^e'ni-al or CoN-c^JSN'lAL. [kon-je'ne-al, 
W. P. J. ja. C. ; kon-je'nyal, S. E. F. K. Sm.], a. 
Of the same nature ; kindred; cognate; similar. 

*CoN-qtE-N!-AL,'!-TY, 71. State of being congenial. 

*c6N-9E'Ni-AL-N£ss, n. The state of being con- 
genial : congeniality. 

CON-^EN'l-oOs, a. Of the same kind ; congenial. 

CpN-(,ii!;N'iTE, ) a. Of the same birth : — existing 

CpN-(^)3N'i-TAL, ( at the time of birth. 

C6N'fij;R (kong'ger), n. The sea-eel. 

Cpn-^e'ri ES, n. [L.] A mass of small bodies. 

CpN-<^EST', V. a. To heap up ; to gather together. 

CpN-f/ES'TipN, 71. A collection of matter ; amor- 
bid accumulation, as of blood or humors. 

Con-^es'tive, a. Implying congestion. 

C6n'9i-^-rV,_7i. a gift of the Roman people. 

Con-gla'ci-ate (kon-gla'she-at), ■«. 71. To turn 
to ice ;_to congeal. 

CoN-GLA-ci-A'TioN (kon-gla-she-a'shun), 71. The 
act or sjate of being changed into ice. 

Con-glo'bate, v. a. To gather into a ball. 

Con-glo'bate, a. Moulded into a Arm ball. 

Con-glo'bate-ly, ad. In a spherical form. 

CoN-GLp-BA'TipN, n. Collection into a ball. 

CpN-GL,6B'u-LATE,7). 71. To gather into a globule. 

CpN-GLoM'ER-ATE, V. a. To gatlier into a ball. 

Con-glom'er-ate, a. Gathered mto a ball. 

CpN-GLoM'ER-ATE, 7^. (Mhi.) A rock formed 
of water-worn stones cemented together. 

CpN-GLOM-ER-A'TipN, 71. Collection into a ball. 

Con-GLO'TI-Nant, a. Uniting; closing up. 

CpN-GLu'Ti-NATE, V. a. To Cement ; to reiinite. 

CpN-GLu'Ti-NATE, V. 71. To Coalesce ; to unite. 

Cp^f-GLu'TI-NATE, a. Joined together. 

CpN-GLU-TI-NA'TIpN,7^. The act of uniting bodies. 

CpN-GLu'TJ-N^-Ti'VE, a. Tending to unite. 

CpN-GLfj'Ti-NA-TpR, n. He or that which unites. 

Con'go (kong'go), 7!. A species of black tea. 

CpN-GRAT'u-LANT, a. Rejoicing in participation. 

CpN-GRAT'il-LATE (kon-grat'yu-lat), v. a. To 
wish joy to ; to felicitate on some happy event. 

Syn. — Felicitate one^s self; coiiffratulate others : 
friendship congratulates; politeness /c/fcitatcs. 

CpN-GRAT'v-LATE, V. 71. To rejoice in participa- 

Cpn-grXt-u-la'tipn, n. An expression of joy. 

CpN-GRAT'y-LA-TpR, n. One who congratulates. 

CpN-GRiT'v-LA-Tp-RY, a. Expressing or wishing 

Con'gre-gate,?;. a. To collect together ; to gather. 

Con'gre-gate, v. n. To assemble ; to meet. 

CoN'gre-gate, a. Collected; congregated. 

Con-gre-gA'tion, 7). A collection of persons; a 
meeting ; assemblage ; an assembly. 

Con-gre-ga'tion-al, a. Pertaining to a congre- 
gation or to Congregationalists ; public. 

CoN-GRE-GA'TipN-AL-i^M, n. That mode of 
church government which maintains the inde- 
pendence of separate churches. 

CoN-GRE-GA'TioN-AL-iST, n. One who adheres 
to Congregationalism ; an independent. 

Con'gress (kong'gres), 7i. A meeting ; an ossbtti- 
bly : — the legislature of the United States. 

CpN-GREs'sipN-AL ( gresh'un-al), a. Relating to 
the congress of the United States ; parliamentary, 

CpN-GREs'siVE, a. Coming together ; conflicting, 

CoN'GRU-ENCE, ) n. Agreement ; correspond- 

CpN-GRu'EN-CY, I ence; consistency. 

Con'gru-ent, a. Agreeing; correspondent. 

CpN-GRu'i-TY, 71. Suitableness ; consistency ; fit- 
ness ; a proper adaptation. 

Con'gru-Ous, a. Agreeable ; suitable ; fit ; meet. 

C6n'grv-Pus-ly, ad. Suitably ; consistently. 

Con'ic, ) a. Having the form of a cone ; re- 

Con'i-cal, \ lating to a cone and its sections. 

C6n'i-cal-ly, ad. In the form of a cone. 

CoN'ics, 71. pZ. The doctrine of conic sections. 

CoN'ic Sec'tipn?, n. pi. Lines formed by the in- 
tersections of a plane with the surface of a cone. 

Cp-NlF'ER-oiJS, a. Bearing cones or conical fruit. 

Co'ni-form, a. Having the form of a cone. 

Cp-Nl's'TRA, 71. [Gr.J The pit of a theatre. 

CoN-JECT'y-RA-BLE, a. Possible to be guessed. 

CpN-JECT'y-RAL, a. Depending on conjecture. 

CpN-JECT'u-RAL-LY, ad. By conjecture or guess. 

CpN-JECT'URE (Jkon-jekt'yur), n. A guess; anidea. 
Syn. — A conjecture is more vague than a guess. 

CpN-JECT'VRE (kon-jekt'yur), v. a. To judge by 
guess. — V. n. To form conjectures. 

Con-ject'ur-er (kon-jekt'yur-er), n. A guesser. 

CpN-JolN', V. a. To unite ; to associate. 

CpN-JOiN', V. n. To league ; to unite. 

CpiNf-JoiNT', a. United ; connected ; associated, 

Con-joint'ly, ad. In union ; together. 

Con'ju-gal, a. Relating to marriage , matrimonial. 

Con'ju-sal-lv, ad. Matrimonially. 

Con'ju-gate, v. a. To decline or inflect, as a verb. 

Con'JU-GATE, a. {Oeom.) Ji conjugate diameter is 
a right line, bisecting the transverse diameter. 

Con-ju-ga'tion, 77. Act of conjugating ; union: 

— the form of inflecting verbs. 
CpN-jO'91-AL, a. [conjugialis, L.] Conjugal. 
CpN-jTjNCT', a. Conjoined; concurrent; united. 
CpN-JUNC'TipN, n. Act of joining ; union. — 

{Oram.) A part of speech which joins parts of 
sentences and words together. 

Con-jDnc'tive, a. Closely united ; uniting. 

CpN-juNC'TlVE-LY, ad. In conjunction. 

CpN-JUNc'TiVE-NJiss, 71. The quality of joining. 

CpN-jTiNCT'LY, ad. Jointly ; in union. 

Con-jOnct'iire (kon-jiinkt'yur), n. A combina- 
tion of causes or events ; a crisis ; occasion. 

Con-ju-ra'tion, 77. Incantation ; a plot. 

CpN-JURE', V. a. To summon or enjoin solemnly. 

Coiv'JURE (kian'jur), v. a. To influence by magic. 

CoN'jyRE (kiin'jiir), v. n. To practise charms. 

C6n'jur-er (kun'jur-er), n. An enchanter. 

CoN-NAS'cENCE, 7?,. Common birth or origin. 

CpN-NATE''[kon-nat', .S. JV. P. ./. E. F. .Ja.K. Sm.. ; 
kon'nat, C. IVb.]., a. Born with another; of the 
same birth. — {Bot.) Growing togetlier. 

CpN-NAT'v-RAT., (kon-nat'yu-rsil), a. Connected 
by nature ; partaking of the same nature. 

CpN-NAT-u-RAL']-TY, n. Union by nature. 

CoN-NAT'y-RAL-iZE, V. a. To connect by nature. 

CpN-NAT'v-RAL-LY, ad. By nature ; originally. 

Con-nXt'U-RAL-ness, 71. State of being connat- 

CpN-NECT', V. a. To join ; to link ; to unite. 

Con-nect', v. n. To cohere ; to be joined. 

Con-nE;c'tion,7i. Union; junction: — arelation. 

— Written both connection and connexion. 

A, E,i, 6, u, Y,long; X,fi, T, o, C, ?,sAort; A, 'E,l,Q,y,Y, obscure. — f1re,far, FAST, ALL; HEIR, HERj 




CoN-TfEC'TiVE, a. Having the power of connecting. 

Cqn-nec'tJve, n. That which connects. 

CON-NEC'TIVE-LY, ad. In conjunction. 

Cqn-nejc'ion, 71. Union. See Connection. 

CpN-NEX'lVE, a. Connective. 

CON-Nl' VANCE, 71. A voluntary bhndness to an act 

CON-NIVE', V. n. To wink ; to forbear to see. 

Cqn-nI'vent, a. Dormant; not attentive. 

CpN-Niv'ER, 71. _ One who connives. 

*ci>N-Nois-SEuii' or Cojr-Nois-sEi/R' [kon- 
nes-siir', P.J.F. fVb.; ko-njs-sar', W. Ja. ; ko-nis- 
sur', S. ,• kon'is-sur, E. ; kon-nas-sUr', Syn.], n. A 
judge in the tine arts or literature ; a critic. 

*C6n-nois-seur'ship, n. Skill of a connoisseur. 

CON-Nu'Bl-AL, a. Nuptial ; matrimonial ; conjugal, 

Con-nu-me-ra'tion, n. A reckoning together. 

C5'NoiD, 77. A figure resembling a cone. 

Cp-NOiD'i-CAL, a. Approaching to a conic form. 

*Con'QUER (kong'ker) [konk'ur, S.J. ; kong'kwer, 
F. ; kongk'ur or kong'kwer, fV. Ja. ; kong'ker, 
S77i.). V. a. To gain by conquest ; to vanquish ; 
to subdue ; to overcome. 

Syn. — Conquer an enemy ; vanquish a foe ; S7tj- 
due a country ; overcome difficulties ; surmount 

*C6?('quer (kong'ker), v. n. To overcome. 

*C6n'QUER-.\-ble, a. Possible to be overcome. 

*C6n'Qi;er-or, 71. One who conquer.s. 

C6n'Qu£;st (kong'kwest), 71. Act of conquering ; 
acquisition by victory ; victory ; success. 

Con-san-guin'e-ous, a. Of the same blood. 

CoN-SAN-GUiN'l-TY, n. Relationship by blood. 

Con'science (kon'shens), ?7. The faculty of judg- 
ing of one's own conduct with reference to some 
standard of right and wrong ; the mora! sense ; 
sense of right and wrong ; scruple ; justice. 

Con-sci-Ijn'tious (kon-she-en'shus), a. Regu- 
lated by conscience; scrupulous ; just; exact. 

CoN-sci-)3N'Tioys-LY, ad. According to con- 

CoN-sci-EN'TlOt;s-NESS, 77. Quality of being Con- 
scientious ; scrupulousness. 

C6n'scion-A BLE (kon'shun-a-bl), a. Reasonable. 

C6n'scion-a-bly, ad. Reasonably ; justly. 

CoN'scioys (kon'shus), a. Knowing one's own 
thoughts ; knowing by mental perception. 

Con'scioijs-ly, ad. in a conscious manner. 

C6i\'scious-NESS (kbn'shus-nes), n. The percep- 
tion of what passes in one's own mind. — Reflec- 
tion is the voluntary action of the mind on itself or 
other objects. Consciojisness is involuntary. 

C5x'script, a. Written ; registered ; enrolled. — 
Conscript fathers, the senators of Rome. 

Con'script, 77. One enrolled for the army 

Cqn-.scrip'tion, n. An enrolling, as of soldiers. 

Con'se-crate V. a. To make sacred; to appro- 
priate to sacred uses ; to dedicate ; to devote. 

Con'se-crate, a. Consecrated ; sacred ; devoted. 

CoN'SE-CRAT-ED, p, a. Made sacred ; devoted. 

CoN-SE-CRA'TipN, 71. Act of consecrating ; dedi- 
cation to sacred use ; canonization. 

CoN'sE-CRA-TpR, 77. One who consecrates, 

CoN'sE-cRA-Tp-RY, a. Making sacred. 

Con'sec-ta-ry, a. Consequent; following. 

C6n'sec-ta-ry, n. A deduction from premises. 

CoN-SE-cO'TiON, n. A train of consequences. 

Cqn-sec' (J-TiVE, a. Following rn order; successive. 

CpN-sii;c'u-TiVE-i.Y, ad. Successively ; in order 

CoN-sijNT', 77. Agreement ; compliance ; assent. 

CpN-siiNT', V. 71. To be of the same mind ; to 
yield ; to agree ; to comply ; to assent. 

Con-sen-ta'ne-oD.s, a. Agreealile to ; accordant. 
('6n-sen-ta'ne-ous-ly, ad. Agreeably. 

C6n-sen-ta'ne-oi;55-nbss, n. Agreement. 

Cqn-sEnt'er, 77. One who consents. 

CoN-siiN'TlENT (kon-seii'shent), a. Agreeing. 

CoN'sE-ijuiiNCE, 71. That which follows; the 
effect produced by a cause ; an inference : — event ; 
issue : — importance ; moment. 
CoN'sF.-QUiiNT, a. Following naturally. 
Con'se-quEnt, 71. Consequence ; effect. 

Con-se-quen'tial, a. Following as the effect ; 
consequent : — important : — conceited ; pompoua 

C6N-SE-Qui3N'TiAL-L,Y, ad. By consequence. 

i;6n-se-qu!:n'tial-ivess, 71. Regular consecution. 

Con'se-quent-ly, ad. By consequence. 

Con'se-quent-ness, 77. Regular connection, 

Con-serv'a-ble, a. Capable of being kept. 

CpN-siJR'VAN-CY, 77. Conservation. 

CoN-siLR'VANT, a. That preserves or continues. 

CoN-SER-VA'TiON, 77. The act of preserving. 

CoN-sisRV'A-Ti^M, 71. Opposition to change. 

CoN-SERV'A-TivE, a. Having power to preserve. 

CpN-SERV'A-TiVE, 71. One who opposes radical 
changes in a state ; — opposed to reformer. 

CoN'sjER-VA-TpR, 71. A preserver. 

CoN-siJR'VA-Tp-RV, 71. A place for preserving 
plants, &c. ; a greenhouse. 

Cp.\-sJER'vA-Tp-RY,a. Preservative; conservative. 

CoN-siJRVE', V. a. To preserve ; to candy fruit. 

CoN'sJERVE, 71. A sweetmeat ; preserved fruit. 

CpN-SERV'ER, 71. One who conserves. 

CpN-siD'ER, V. a. To think upon ; to ponder. 

Syn. — Consider well and deliberate carefully be, 
fore you act ; reflect deeply on what is past. 

CoN-siD'ER, V. n. To reflect ; to deliberate. 

CpN-siD'ER-A-BLE, a. Worthy of being consid- 
ered ; valuable ; respectable ; deserving notice. 

Con-sid'er-a-ble-ness, K. Importance; value 

Con-si'd'er-a-bly, ad. In a considerable degree. 

CpN-siD'ER-ATE, a. Thoughtful ; prudent ; quiet. 

Con-sid'er-ate-LY, arf. Calmly; prudently 

Cpiv-siD'ER-^TE-NiiSS, 77. Calm deliberation. 

CpN-siD-ER-A'TiON, 77. Act of considering ; pru- 
dence ; contemplation : — importance : — compen- 
sation ; an equivalent. 

Con-sId'er-er, 71. One who considers. 

CpN-siD'ER-'iNG, prep. Having regard to; if al- 
lowance be made for. 

CpN-siGN' (kon-sin'), v. a. To give in trust ; to 
intrust ; to commit. 

Syn. — Consign a stock of goods to another ; in- 
trust or commit the management of a matter to a 

CoN-siG-NA'TlpN, n. Act of consigning. 

C5N-S1GN-EE' (kon-se-ne'), 71. He to whom gooda 
are sent or consigned in trust. 

Con-sign'er (kon-sln'er), 71. One who consigns. 

CpN-siG-Nl-Fi-CA'Tip>(,7i. Asimiiar signification. 

CpN-siGN'inENT (kon-sln'ment), n. The act of 
consigning : — that which is consigned. 

C6n-sign-or' (k5n-se-nor') [kon-se-nbr', Jiz. S771. ; 
kon-si'nur, C. Wfi. Crabb], n. {Law.) One who 

CpN-siM'l-LAR,_a. Having a common resemblance. 

Con-si-mTl'i-tude, 71. Joint resemblance. 

CpN-sisT', V. 71. To subsist ; to be composed. 

CpN-siST'ENCE, j 71. State of being consistent :-> 

CoN-stST'EN-CY, \ fixed state : — substance ; de- 
gree of density : — form ; make : — congruity. 

CpN-siST'ENT, a. Conformable ; accordant. 

Con-sIst'ent-ly, ad. In agreement ; agreeably. 

C6:v-sis-t6'ri-al, a. Relating to a consistory 

CoN'sis-TO-RYur CpN-sIs'TO-RV [kon'sis-tur-e, 
S. fV. P. J F. Ja. ; kon-sis'to-re, E. K. Sm. R. C. 
Wb.\, n. A spiritual court ; an assembly. 

CpN-so'ci-ATE (kgn-so'she-at), 71. An associata 

CoN-so'cJ-ATE (kpn-so'she-at), jj. a. To associate. 

CoN-so'ci-ATE, V. 71. To coalesce ; to associate 

CpN-so-ci-A'TipN (kon-so-she-a'shun), 71. Alli- 
ance ; union : — association ; an ecclesiastical 

Cpn-so-ci-a'tton-al, a. Noting association. 

CoN-soL'A-BLE, a. That may be consoled. 

CoN-sp-L a'tiqn, 71. Comfort ; alleviation ; .solace. 

CpN-soL'A-Tp-RY [k()n -sol'ri-tur-e, W, J.E. F. .Ja.. 
Sm. C. Wb. ; kori-so'ja-tur-e, S. P.], a. Affording 
consolation ; giving comfort. 

CpN-soLE', V. a. To comfort ; to cheer ; to solace. 

Con'sole, 71. (Jlrch.) A bracket or shoulder-piece. 

CpN-soL'ER, 71. One who consoles or gives comfort. 

Cpn-s6l'i-dXnt, a. Tending to consolidate. 

MIEN, SIR: MOVE, NOR, s5n ; bOLL, BUr, rOLE. — 9,9,6,«o/t; £, JG, 5, g,/iOrrf, § OS Z ; 5f as gz : miBc 
16 K 




CpN-.OL'i DATEji). a. To mako solid ; to harden. 

CcN-soL'i-DATE, V, n. To gTow firm or solid. 

Cpr.-soLl-DATE, a. Formed into a solid mass. 

CpN-aoL-i-DA'TlpN, n. Act of consolidating. 

CpN-soL'i-DA-TlVE, a. That consolidates. 

Con-sol^' orCoN'soLf [kon-solz', Sm.; kon'solz, 
K, C], n, pL A sort of transferable stocks ; the 
threc-per-ccnt consolidated annuities. 

CoN'sp-NANCE, I n. Accord of sound ; harmony ; 

CoN'sp-NAN-CY, ) agreement ; concord. 

CoN'sp-NANT, a. Agreeable ; consistent ; agreeing. 

CoN'sp-NANT, n. A letter not sounded by itself. 

CoN-sp-NANT'AL, a. Relating to a consonant. 

CoN'sp-NANT-LY, ad. Consistently ; agreeably. 

CoN'sp-NANT-NESS, n. Consistency. 

CoN'sp-NoDs, a. Agreeing in sound. 

tCpN-so'pi-ATE, V. a. To lull asleep. 

Con'sort, n, A companion ; a wife or husband. 

CpN-soRT', V. n. To associate with. 

Con-sort', v. a. To join ; to mix ; to many. 

Cpn-sort'a-ble, a. Suitable ; fit. [R.] 

CoN'soRT-SHiP, n. Fellowship ; partnership. 

CpN-spic'u-orrs, a. Easily seen by many at the 
same time ; obvious to the sight : — eminent. 

CpN-SPic'u-ous-LY, od. Eminently; remarkably. 

CpN-splc'u-oys-NESS, ?i. Eminence; celebrity. 

Cpn-spir'a-cy, n. Act of conspiring; concerted 
treason ; a combination for an ill design ; a plot. 

CpN-SPlR'^NT, a. Conspiring ; plotting. 

C6n-sp|-ra'tipn, n. An agreement of many. 

CpN-SPiR'A-TpR, n. A man engaged in a plot. 

Con-spTre', v. n. To concert a crime ; to plot. 

Cpiv-SPIR'ER, 7i. One who conspires ; a conspirator. 

Con'sta-BLE (kun'sta-bl), n. Formerly an im- 
portant otTicer of state : — a peace officer. 

C6x'sTA-BLER-Y, n. The body of constables. 

CoN'STA-BLE-SHip, n. The office of a constable. 

C6n'sta-ble-wick,7i. The district of a constable. 

CpN-STAB'u-LA-RY, a. Relating to constables. 

Con'stan-cy, 71. Firmness of mind ; stability. 
Syn. — Constancy of affection ; firmness of pur- 
pose ; stability of character ; steadiness of conduct. 

CoN'STANT, a. Firm; fixed ; perpetual; patient; 
unchanging ; resolute ; steady ; persevering. 

C6N'STANT-LV,od. Perpetually; patiently ; firmly. 

Cpn-st£l'late,«. a. Todecorate with stars, [i?.] 

CoN-STEL-LA'TipN, n. A cluster of fixed stars: 

— an assemblage of splendors or excellences. 
Con-STER-na'TION, n. Astonishment ; surprise. 
Con'sti-PATE, I), o. To thicken ; to make costive. 
CoN-STl-PA'TlpN, n. Condensation ; costiveness. 
CpN-STiT'y-EN-cy, n. A body of constituents. 
CpN-STlT'U-ENT, a. Elementary ; constituting. 
CON-ST!T'u-ENT,7?. One who deputes ; an elector. 
Con'STI-tOte, v. a. To establish; to make; to 

form ; to compose: — to depute ; to appoint. 
Con'sti-tOt-er, n. One who constitutes. 
CoN-STl-TU'TlON, n. The frame of body or mind : 

— the fundamental laws of a state or nation : — 
form of government. 

CoN-STl-Tu'TlON-AL, a. Consistent with the con- 
stitution ; fundamental ; legal. 

CoN-sTi-Tu'TiON-AL-isT, \ n, A framerof, or an 

CoN-STi-TU'TipN-'iST, ) adherent to, a con- 

Con-sti-tu-tton-al'i-ty, 7j. Agreement or ac- 
cordance with the constitution. 

CoN-STi-TU'TlON-AL-LY, ad. Agreeably to, or in 
accordance with, the constitution. 

C6n'sti-tC-tive, a. That constitutes ; elemental. 

Con-strain', v. a. To urge by force ; to confine 
by force ; to compel ; to force ; to press. 

CpN-STRAriv'A-BL.E, a. Liable to constraint. 

Con strain'er, n. One who constrains. 

Con-ptratnt'. n. Compulsion ; confinement.. 

CON-STRAIN'TJVE, a. Compelling ; constraining. 

Con-strict', v. a. To bind ; to contract. 

CoN-STRic'TJCN, n. Contraction ; compression. 

CpN-STRi'c'TpR, 71. He or that which contracts: 

— a very large serpent; boa-constrictor. 
CpN-STRiNf^E', V. a. To compress ; to contract. 

Cpn-STrTN'</ENT, a. Binding or compressing 

CpN-STRucT', V. a. To put together the parts cf a 
tiling ; to build ; to form ; to make. 

Cpn-strDct'er, 71. One who forms or makes. 

CpN-STRUc'TipN, ?!. Act of constructing or build- 
ing ; fabrication; form: — meaning; interpreta- 
tion : — act of forming a sentence grammatically ; 

Con-strBc'tion-AL, a. Respecting the meaning. 

CpN-STR uc'TipN-isT, 71, An adherent to a particu- 
lar construction. 

CpN-STRUC'TiVE,a. Tending to construct ; formei/ 
by construction or by interpretation. 

Con-strDc'tive-ly, ad. By way of construction 

CpN-STRtjC'TJVE-NESS, 77. {Phrcn). The facultj 
of constructing, or a genius for architecture. 

CpN-STRUCT'iJRE (kgn-striikt'yur), 7?. A structure. 

Con'striIE [kon'stru, P. J. F. ja. Wb. ; kon'strii, 
K. Sm. ; kon'stur, S. E. ; kSn'stru or koii'stur, fV.], 
V. a. To injerpret ; to translate ; to explain. 

CoN'STU-PRATE, V. a. To violate; to debauch. 

CoN-STU-PRA'TlpN, n. Violation ; defilement. 

CON-SUB-SIST', V. n. To exist together. 

Con-stjb-stan'tial, a. Beingof the same nature. 

C6n-sub-st5n'tial-Tst (kon-sub-stan'shal-ist), 
77. One who believes in consubstantiation. 

te), 77. Participatijin of the same substance. 

Con-sub-stan'ti-ate (kon-sub-stan'she-at), ■». a. 
To unite in one common substance or nature. 

CoN-SUB-STAN-TI-A'TlpN (kon-sub-stan-she-a'- 
shiin), 77. The substantial presence of tlie body 
and blood of Christ with the sacramental elements. 

CoN'suL, n. A Roman magistrate: — an officer 
commissioned in foreign parts to protect the com- 
merce of his country. 

*CoN'sv-LAR [kon'shu-lar, S. W. J. F. ; kon'su- 
lar, P. E.Ja. Sm. C. TVb.],a. Relating to a consul. 

*C6n'su-i.ate, n. The state or office of consul. 

C6n'sul,-shTp,77. The office of consul ; consulate, 

CpN-suLT', V. n. To take counsel together. 

CpN-SLiLT', V. a. To ask advice of; to regard. 

Con'sult [kon'sult, F. Ja. K. ; kon-siilt', S. Srru 
Wb.; kon'sult or kon-sult', W. P ], n. Act ol 
consultingj — a council. 

CoN-suL-TA'TipN, 71. Act of consulting J delibera- 

CpN-sfiLT'ER, 77. One who consults. 

CpN-sijLT'lNG, p. a. Giving or receiving counsel. 

CpN-suM'A-BLE, a. That may be consumed. 

CpN-suME', V. a. To waste ; to spend j to destroy 

CON-suME', u. 71. To waste away. 

Con-SUM'er, 71. One who consumes. 

Cpn-sum'mate [kon-sum'mat, W. E. F. Ja. Srr, 
R. C. ;kon-sum'met, S.J. ; kon'sum-mat, K. fVb.J 
V. a. To complete ; to perfect ; to finish. Sft 

CpN-siJjM'MATE, a. Complete ; perfect ; finished 

CpN-siJBl'MATE-LY, ad. Perfectly ; completely- 

CPn-sum-Ma'tipn, n. Completion ; perfection. 

*CpN-sDMP'TipN (kon-sum'shun), 77. Act of con 
suming; decay: — a wasting or pulmonaiy diseasf_, 

*Con-sump'tive, a. Destructive ; wasting. 

*CpN-sriMP'TivE-LY, ad. In a consumptive way 

*CpN-sfjMP'TivE-NESS, 77. A consumptive statei 

Con'tact, 77. Touch ; juncture ; close union. 

fCoN-TAc'TIpN, 77. The act of touching. 

CpN-TA'qiipN (kpn-ta'jun), n. Propagation of dia. 
ease by contact ; infection ; pestilence. 

CpN-TA'^ioys (k(?n-ta'jus), a. Communicated bj. 
contact, as a disease ; infectious. 

Syn. — A contagious disease is one which is com. 
municated by contact ; an infectious disease h 
generated through the medium of the air, exhala 
tions, &c. — An epidemic is a disease that attacks 
great numbers of people at the same time ; a pes. 
tilence or pestilential disease is one which origi- 
nates in the affections of the atmosphere, and has 
a resemblance to the plague. 

CpN-TA'^^ioys-NESS, n. Quality of being conta- 

2, Je,T, 6, u, Y, long ; X, fi, I, 5, C, if .short ; A, E, i, p, y, Y, obscure.— fare, fXr, fAst, All; ueir, h13E< 




jON-tain', v. a. To hold ; to comprise ; to restrain. 

Con-tain', v. n. To live in continence. 

Con-tain'a-bIjE, a. That may be contained. 

CoN-TAM'l-NATE, V. a. To defile ; to pollute ; to 

CpN-TAM'l-NATE. a. Polluted; contaminated. 

Con-tXm-j-nA'tion, 71. Pollution ; defilement. 

Cqn-temn' (kon-tem'), »• a. To despise ; to scorn. 
Syn. — A man is despised for his meanness, and 
his base conduct is contemned and scorned, 

Cqn-tem'ner, n. One who contemns ; a scorner. 

Con-tem'per, u. o. To moderate ; to temper. 

CpN-TisM'PER-A-MENT, 11. Temperament. 

CpN-TijM'PER-ATEjU.a. To moderate ; to temper. 

CoN-TiiM-PER-A'TiON, n. Act of moderating. 

*Con-t£m'plate [kon-tem'plat, S. W.P.J.E.F. 
Ja. Sm. C ; kon'tem-plat, TVb.],v.a. To consider 
attentively ; to study ; to meditate. 53= The words 
compensate, confiscate, constellate, consummate, de- 
monstrate, despumate, expurgate, and extirpate, are 
. often pronounced, in this country, with the accent 
on the first syllable ; yet the English orthoepists, 
with little variation, place the accent on the sec- 
ond syllable. _ 

*Cpn-t£m'pi^ate, V, n. To muse ; to meditate. 

CoN-TEM-PLA'TlpN, n. Act of contemplating; 
meditation ; studious thought. 

Con-tem'pla-tTve, a. Thoughtful ; meditative. 

CpN-TEM'PLA-T'fVE-LY, ad. Thoughtfully. 

Con-tem'plA-tor [kon-tem'pla-tur, S. tv. P. J. 
F. Ja. C. ; kon'tein-pla-tur, E. Sm.' Wb.], n. One 
who contemplates, 

CpN-T£M-Pp-RA'NE-oiJs, a. Living or existing at 
the same time j contemporary. 

CoN-TEM-Pp-RA'NE-oDs-LY, ad. At the same time. 

CoN-TEM'pp-RA-Ri-NESS, ?!. State of being con- 
temporary ; existence at the same time. 

CpN-Ti;M'pp-RA-RY, (7. Living or existing at the 
same time ; contemporaneous. 

CpN-TEM'pp-RA-RY, n. One who lives at the 
same time with another. 

CoN-TEMPT (kon-temt'), n. Act of despising ; 
scorn; disdain: — disgrace; vileness. — (Law.) 
Disobedience to the rules and orders of a court. 

Con-tempt'i-ble, a. Worthy of contempt ; vile. 
Syn. — What is worthless is contemptible ; what 
is bad or wicked is despicable and vile. 

CpN-TEMPT'i-BLE-NESS, n. Vileness ; baseness. 

Con-tempt'i'-bly, ad. Despicably ; basely. 

CpN-TEMPT'ii-oris, a. Scornful; apt to despise, 
insolent ; disdainful ; abusive. 

CoN-TiiMPT'u-orjs-LY, ad. In a scornful manner. 

CpN-TiiMPT'v-ous-NESS, n. Disposition to con- 

Con-tend', v. n. To strive ; to struggle ; to vie. 

CpN-TEND'ER, 7!. One who contends. 

CpN-TjiN'E-MENT, 71. {Law.) That which is held 
with a tenement, as contiguous land, &c. 

CpN-TiiNT', a. Satisfied ; contented ; quiet ; easy. 

CoN-TiJNT', V. a. To satisfy ; to please ; to gratify. 

Con-tent', n. Satisfaction ; rest ; capacity. 

CpN-TENT'ED, p. a. Satisfied; easy; content. 

CpN-TENT'ED-LY, ad. In a quiet or easy manner. 

CON-TENT'ED-NESS, 7!. State of being contented. 

CpN-TiiN'TipN, n. Actof contending ; angry con- 
test ; dissension ; discord; strife ; debate ; zeal. 

CpN-TEN'TIoys (k(?n-ten'shus), a. Quarrelsome. 

rpN-TEN'Tiovs-LV,ari. Perversely; quarrelsomely. 

CpN-TEN'Tioys-N£ss, n. Proneness to contest. 

CpN-TiiNT'MENT, 7J. Acquiescence; gratification. 

CON-TENTS' or Con'tEnts (114) [kon-tents', S. 
P. .J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; kon-tents' or kou'tents, 
TV.; kou'tents, IVh.],n. pi. The heads of a book ; 
index : — that which is contained in any thing, as 
u book, vessel, &,c. 

Con-ter'mi-na-ble, a. Capable of the same 

CpN-Tiin'M!-NATE, a. Having the same bounds. 

CpN-TER'Mi-NoDR, a. Having the same bounds; 
bordering upon ; touching. 

C'pN-TliST', V. r.. To dispute ; to debate ; to litigate. 

Con-test', v. n. To strive ; to contend ; to vie, 

Con'test, 77. A struggle for victory; :: combat 
a dispute ; a debate ; a quarrel ; competition. 

CpN-TEST'A-BLE, a. Disputable; controvcrtiblo. 

CpN-TEST'^-BLE-NESS, 71. Possibility uf contest. 

CoN-TES-TA'TlpN, 7j. Act of contesting ; debate. 

Con'text, n. The series of sentences which 
make up a treatise or a discourse ; a chapter from 
which a text is taken. 

Con-text'u-al, a. Relating to the contoxturo. 

CpN-TEXT'URE (kon-text'yur), 7t. The composition 
of parts; texture: — system. 

CoN-TlG-NA'TipN, 7i. A frame of beams ; a story. 

CON-Tl-Gu'l-TY, 71. Actual contact; a touching. 

CpN-TiG'u-bOs, a. Meeting so as to touch; close; 
adjoining ; adjacent. 

CpN-TiG'y-oDs-LY, ad. In a manner to touch. 

CpN-TiG'y-ous-NESS, 77. Close connection. 

Con'ti-nence, ) 71. Restraint ; self-command : — 

CoN'TJ-NEN-CY, j forbearance of pleasure: — 
chastity : — temperance ; moderation. 

Con'ti-nEnt, a. Chaste : — abstemious ; re- 

CoN'Ti-NiJNT, 77. A great extent of land not dis- 
joined by the sea from other lands. 

C6n-ti-nen'tal, a. Relating to a continent. 

Con'ti-nent-ly, ad. In a continent manner. 

CpN-TiN'ijJENCE, I n. The quality of being con- 

CpN-TiN'(,iEN-CY, i tingent; casualty ; accident. 

CpN-TiN'^ENT, a. That may or may not happen ; 
accidental; happening by chance ; casual. 

CpN-TiN'9^ENT,?i. Chance: — proportion; aquota, 

Con-tin'qient-ly, arf. Accidentally; casually, 

CpN-TiN'u-AL, a. Incessant; uninterrupted. 

CoN-TiN'y-AL-LY, ad. Without interruption. 

Con-tin' u-al-nEss, 77, Permanencu. 

CpN-TiN'y-ANCE, 77. Duration; continuation ^ 
permanence : — abode. 

Sijn. — Continv.ance, duration, and permanence 
are used of time; co7ii(nj(a£(07!, of space ; continu- 
ity, of substance. Continuance of a war ; duration 
of life ; permanence of a situation ; continuation of 
a literary \york ; continuity of a rampart. 

CpN-TiN'y-ATE, V. a. To join closely together. 

CpN-TiN'y-^TE, a. Unbroken; uninterrupted. 

CpN-TiN-y-A'TioN, 77. Uninterrupted succession. 

Con-tIn'u-^-tive, a. That continues. 

CpN-TiN'y-A-TpR, 77. Ono who continues, 

CoN-TiN'yE (kon-tln'yu), v. n To remain in th& 
same state or place ; to last ; to persevere. 

CoN-TiN'yE, 7J. a. To protract; to extend; to 

CpN-TiN'y-ER, 71. One who continues. 

C6n-ti-nu'i-ty, 71. Uninterrupted connection 5 
close union ; continuance, 

CpN-TiN'y-ous, a. Closely joined ; connected. 

Con-tort', v, a. To twist ; to writhe. 

CON-TOR'TipN, 71. State of being twisted ; twist, 

CoN-Tdun' (kon-tor'), n. [Ft.] Outline of a 

Con' tra. A Latin preposition which signifies 
arrainst; — used in composition, as a prefix. 

Con'tra-band, a. Prohibited ; illegal ; unlawful. 

Con'tra-band, 7!. Illegal traffic in time of war. 

Con'tra-band-ist, 71. One who traffics illegally. 

CpN-TRjicT', V. a. To draw into less compass ; to 
abridge; to lessen; to draw together: — to bar- 
gain for: — to betroth: — to procure; to get : — 
to incur, as a debt. 

Cpn-trXct', 7). 71. To shrink up ; to bargain. 

Con'trXct, 71. A covenant ; a barcain ; a couipact 

CpN-TR;~ScT'ED-LY, ad. In a contracted manner 

CpN-TRXcT'ED-Ni:ss,77. State of being ciwitracted. 

Cpn-trXct-i-b1l'j-ty, n. State of being con- 

Cpn-trXct'i-ble, a. Capable of contraction. 

CpN-TRXcT'i-BLE-NfisR, 71. Contractibility. 

CpN-TR?.c'Tit^E, a. Having power of ctmtraction 

C6N-TRAC-TiT.,'!-TY, ?(. Quality of contracting, 

CoN-TR>c'TipN, 7i. A shrinking ; a shortcnin ^ 

CpN-TRAC'TpR, 77. One who contracts. 

MiENjSiR, m6ve,n6r,s6n; bOll.bURjROle 9,<?,g,sq/i!; ;e,e, £,|,Aard; ^asz; Jf asgz: THia 




Con'tra-DAnce', n. [contre-dance, Ft.] A dance 
in opposite lines ; a country -dance. 

CoN-TRA-DicT', V. a. To Oppose verbally ; to deny. 

Con-tra-dict'er, n. One who contradicts. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'TlpN, ?t. Act of contradicting ; con- 
trariety ; opposition ; inconsistency. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'Tioys, a. Contradicting ; contra- 

Con-tra-dTc'tive, a. Opposite ; contradictory. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'TO-Ri-LY, ad. By contradiction. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'TO-RJ-NESS, ?(. Entire opposition. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'Tp-RY, a. Opposite to ; contrary. 

CoN-TRA-Dic'TO-RY, ?i. A contrary proposition. 

C6N-TRA-Dis-TiNCT',a. Having opposite qualities. 

n. Distinction by opposite qualities. 

Con-tra-dis-tinc'tive, a. Opposite in qualities. 

Con-tra-dis-tin'guish (kon-tra-djs-ting'gwjsh), 
V. a. To distinguish by opposite qualities. 

C6n-tra-1n'di-cant, n. A peculiar symptom. 

C6n-tra-in'di-cate, v. a. To point out some 
peculiar symptom, or method of cure. 

CoN-TRA-lN-Dl-CA'TiON, n. A peculiar indication. 

CQN-TRAL'T6,n. [It.] (Mas.) Countertenor. 

CoN-TRA-MURE', n. An outer wall of a city. 

CoN-TRA-Ni'TEN-CY, n. Reiction ; resistance. [iJ.] 

C6N-TRA-po-si"TipN, ri. Opposite position. 

C6>f'TRA-RlE| (kon'tra-riz), M. ;;/. (Logic.) Propo- 
sitions which destroy each other. 

CoN-TRA-Ri'E-TY, n. Opposition ; inconsistency. 

C6n'tra-ri-ly, ad. In a contrary manner. 

Con'tra-ri-ness, n. Contrariety. 

Con'tra-ri-wise, at?. Conversely; oppositely. 

C6n'tra-ry, a. ' Opposite; inconsistent; adoerse. 

CoN'TRA-RY, n. A thing or proposition that is con- 
trary. — On the contrary, on the other side. 

Con'trast (114), n. An exiiibition of difTerences. 

Cqn-trast', v. a. To place or exliibit in opiwsi- 
tion ; to show the differences of. See Compare. 

CoN-TitA-TEN'OR, n. (Miig.) Countertenor. 

Con-tra-val-la'tion, 71. A fortification thrown 
up round a city, to hinder sallies from a garrison. 

Con-tra-vene', v. a. To oppose ; to bafflo ; 

Con-tra-ven'tion, n. Opposition ; obstruction. 

CoN-TRA-vJER'siON, 11. A turning against. 

CoN-TRiB'u-TA-RY, a. Contributing; contributory. 

Con-trib'ute, v. a. To give to a common stock ; 
to minister ; to aid ; to assist; to help. 

CpN-TRtB'yTE,t). re. Tobearapart; to be helpful. 

C6N-TR!-Bu'Tlp>r, n. 'ct of contributing j a 
charitable collection ; a levy. 

CpN-TRiB'u-TlVE, a. Tending to contribute. 

CpN-TRlB'u-TOR, 11. One who contributes. 

CpN-TRiB'u-Tp-RY, a. Contributing to ; helping. 

•fC6N-TRls-TA'TiOJV,re. Heaviness of heart. Bacon. 

*C6n'TR1TE [ koii'trit, S. fV. J. E. F. Ja. R. C. Wb. ; 
kgn-trit', P. Sm.J, a. Grieved or broken-hearted 
for sin ; humble; penitent; repentant. 

*C6N'TRiTE-LY, ad. In a penitent manner. 

*C6n'trite-ness, 11. Contrition. 

CpN-TRT"TipN (kon-trish'yn), n. Deep sorrow for 
sin ; penitence : repentance. 

Con-trTv'a-ble, a. Possible to be planned. 

CpN-TRlv'ANCE, ?i. Scheme; device; plan; plot. 

Con-trIve', v. a. To plan out; to devise; to 
design : to invent. 

CpN-TRi ve', v. 11. To form or design ; to manage. 

Con-trIv'er, re. An inventor; a schemer. 

CpN-TROL', n. A check ; restraint ; command. 

Con-trol', v. a. To govern ; to restrain ; tocheck. 

CpN-TROL'LA-BLE, a. That may be controlled. 

Con-trot^'ler, n. One who controls or directs; 
a public officer. See Comptroller. 

CpN-TR6t,'LER-SHiP, «. The office of a controller. 

Con-trol'ment, v. Superintendence ; control. 

Con-trp-ver'sial, a. Relating to controversy. 

CoN-TRp-VER'siAL-iST, n. A disputant; contro- 

CoN'TRp-VER-SY, 71. Aliterary, scientific, or theo- 
logical dispute ; disputation ; debate ; quarrel. 

Con'tro-Vert, v. a. To debate ; to dispnte. 

CoN'TRO-VERT-ER, )n. A disputant; a contrcK. 

CoN'TRp-VERT-lST, \ versialist. 

CoN-TRp-VERT'i-BLE, a. That may be contro- 

C6n-tu-ma'cious (kon-tu-ma'shus),a. Obstinate; 
perverse ;_ inflexible ; stubborn ; disobedient. 

C6N-TV-MA'cious-LY,arf. Obstinately; inflexibly, 

Con-tu-ma'ciovs-ness, 7i. Obstinacy; contumacy. 

C6n'ti;-ma-cy, n. Obstinacy ; perverseness. -— 
(Late.) Wilful disobedience to a lawful sunimonu 
or judiciaj order. 

Con-tu-me'li-oDs, a. Reproachful ; rude ; in 

C6N-TV-M£'LI-OUS-LY,arf. Reproachfully; rudely 

CoN-TU-ME'Ll-pys-NESS, n. Rudeness ; con, 

Con'tu-me-LY, n. Rudeness ; Insolence ; rev 
proach ; obloquy. 

CpN-TUSE', V. a. To beat together ; to bruise. 

CON-TU'SIpN (kon-tu'zhun), n. A beating'; bruise. 

Cp-NUN'DRUM, ?!, A sort of riddle; a quibble. 

CoN'y-SANCE, v, (Law.) Cognizance j kuowl' 

Con'u-sXnt, a. Cognizant ; knowing. 

Con-va-lesce', v. n. To recover health. 

C6n-va-LEs'cence, 71. Recovery of health. 

C6n-v^-les'cent, a. Recovering health. 

CpN-VEN'A-BLE, a. That may be convened. 

CpN-VENE', v.n. To come together ; to assemble. 

CpN-VENE', V. a. To call together ; to assemble. 

Cpn-ven'er, n One who convenes. 

*CpN-VEN'lENCE, ) n. Fitness ; propriety ; ease ; 

*CpN-VEN'lEN-cv, j accommodation. 

*CpN-VEN'lENT [kon-vS'nyent, S. E. F. K. \ kon- 
ve'ne-ent, W. P. J. Ja. C.], a. Fit; suitable; 
conmiodious ; adapted to use. 

Sijn. — Convenient opportunity ; Jit occasion ; 
suitable furniture ; commodious house. 

*Cpn-ven'ienTtLY, ad. Commodiously ; fitly. 

Con' VENT, n. A body of monks or nuns; an ab~ 
bey ; a monastery ; a nunnery. 

Con-Ven'ti-cle [kon-ven'te-kl, fF. P. J. E. F. 
Ja. K, Sm. C. Wb. ; kon'ven-tlkl, S.l, 71. An as- 
sembly or a meeting, formerly applied, by way 
of reproach, to meetings of English non-con- 

CpN-VEN'Ti-CLER, n, A frequenter of conven- 

CpN-vJJN'TlON, n. An assembly, ecclesiastical or 
political : — an agreement ; a contract. 

CoN-VEN'TipN-AL, a. Stipulated ; agreed on. 

CoN-VEN'TipN-AL-l^M, n, A Conventional phrase, 
iform, or custom, 

CpN-VEN'TipN-AL-lsT, n. One who adheres to a 

CpN-VEN-TlpN-AL'l-TY, 7!, State of being con- 
ventional ; a conventional custom. 

CpN-vfiN'TlpN-A-RY, o. Acting upon contract. 

CpN-VEN'TipN-iST, n. One who makes a con- 

CpN-VENT'u-AL, a. Belonging to a convent. 

CpN-VER(,iE', V. 11. To tend to one point or object. 

CpN-VER'9ENCE, n. Act of converging. 

CpN-VER'(^ENT, ) a. Tending to one point from 

CpN-viJR'f^lNG, \ difi'ereiit places. 

Con-Ver'sa-ble, a. Inclined to converse ; social, 

CpN-viJR'sA-BLE-NESS, 11. Sociability. 

CpN-VER'SA-BLY, ad. In a conversable manner. 

Con'ver-sant [kon'ver-sant, E. Ja. Sm. Wb. ; 
kon'ver-sant or kon-ver'sant, S. W. J. F. ; kon- 
ver'sant, P. K.], a. Acquainted witii ; versed 
in ; connected with ; familiar. 

Con-VER-sa'tion, 7). Familiar discourse ; talk. 
S7/7!. — Common conversation ; formal discourse; 
familiar tal/c ; an interesting dialogue ; a minis- 
terial conference. 

CoN-VER-SA'TipN-AL, a. Relating to conversation. 

Con-VER-sa'tion-al-Ist, n. A good couverser. 

CpN-VER'SA-TiVE, a. Relating to conversa- 
tion. [iJ.] 

A, E, i, o, u, Y, long- j X, E, T, 6, ij, Y, short ; A, E, }, p, y, y, obscure.— rkwE, tar, FAST, ALL; HfilR, HER; 




Conversazione (kon-ver-sat-ze-o'na), n. [It.] 
Conversation : — a meeting of company. 

Con-verse', v. iu To associate ; to discourse. 

Con'Verse, n. Conversation; aci.aaintance : — 
an opposite, reciprocal proposition. 

Con'verse, a. Reciprocally opposite ; contrary. 

Con'verse-ly or CpN-VERSE't,y, ad. By change 
of order or place. 

CoN-viJRS'ER, 71. One who converses. 

CpN-VER'sioiv, w. Act of converting ; state of be- 
ing converted ; change from a bad or irreligious 
to a religious or holy life, or from one religion to 

CpN-VERT', V. a. To change from one thing, or 
from one religion, to another ; to turn : to apply to. 

CoN'viJRT, 7i. A person who is converted. 

Syn. — A sincere convert ; an interested prose- 
lyte ; an apostate from his religion. 

CpN-VERT'ER, n. One who makes converts. 

CoN-viJRT-i-BiL'j-TY, «. State of being con- 

CoN-vi3RT'i-BL,E, a. Susceptible of change. 

CoN-viJRT'l-Bl^Y, ad. Reciprocally ; by mter- 

Cox'vEX, a. Spherical ; opposed to concave. 

CoN'viSx, n. A convex or spherical body. 

CQ]v-v1;xed' (kon-vekst'), p. a. Formed convex. 

CpN-vfix'ED-L,v, ad. In a convex form. 

CpN-vEx'i-TY, n. A spherical form ; rotundity. 

C6n'vex-ly or CpN-VEX'LY, ad. In a convex 

CpN-vfix'NESS, n. State of being convex. 

CpN-viJx'p-coN'CAVE, a. Convex on one side 
and concave on tlie other. 

CpN-VEX'p-coN'VEX, a. CoHvex on both sides. 

CpN-VEY' (kon-va'), v. a. To carry or send to an- 
otlier place ; to transfer ; to bear, 

CpN-VEY'A-BLE (kgn-va'j-bl) . a. That may be 

CpN-VEY' ANCE (kon-va'ans), n. Act or means of 
conveying : — a deed for transfen-ing property, 

CpN-VEY'AN-CER (kpn-va'^n-ser), n. A lawyer 
who draws deeds or writings for transferring 
property. See Lawyer. 

CpN-VEY'AN^-iNG (kgn-va'ans-ing), iu The busi- 
ness of a conveyancer. 

CpN-VEY'ER (kon-va'er), ru One who conveys. 

Con-vi-cTn'i-TY, tu Neighborhood. 

CpN-viCT', V. a. To prove guilty ; to detect in 
guilt ; to show by proof or evidence. 

Con'vTct, n. One legally proved guilty ; a felon. 

CpN-vic'TION, n. Act of convicting; state of 
being convicted ; detection of guilt ; persuasion. 

CpN-vic'TiVE, a. Tendnig to convict or convince. 

CpN-vixcE', V. a. To make one sensible of a 
tiling by proof; to satisfy ; to persuade. 

CpN-viNCE'MENT, 7?. Conviction. Milton. [il.J 

CpJV-viNc'ER, 71. He or that which convinces. 

CoN-viN'ci-BLE, a. Capable f conviction. 

Cp\-viN9'liVG, p. a. Producing conviction ; con- 
futing ; conclusive ; forcible. 

CpN-viN^'lNG-LV, ad. In a convincing manner. 

CpN-viNC'lNG-NESS, n. Power of convincing. 

CpN-Viv'^I-AL or CON-Vlv'lAL [kon-viv'yal, S. 
fV. .7. E. P. Ja. ; kon-viv'e-a'l, P. Sm. C. w'b.], a. 
Inclined to (festivity ; festive ; social ; gay ; jovial. 
Syn. — Convivial meeting ; festive occasion ; so- 
cial feeling ; gay and jovial company. 

Cp\-viv-!-AL'i-TY, 77. State of being convivial ; 
convivialdisposition ; festivity. 

CoN'vp-CATE, v. a. To call together ; to convoke. 

CoN-Vp-CA'TIpN, 77. An ecclesiastical assembly; 
an asseiiiiily o( bishops and clergy ; convention. 

CpN-VOKE', V. a. 'I"o call together ; to assemble. 

RoN'vp-LrT-lJi),^. a. Twisted ; rolled upon itself. 

CoN-Vp-Lu'TipN, 71. A rolling together. 

(;pN-v6i^VE' (knn-volv'), V. a. To roll together. 

Cqn-vol' vu-Lus, n. [UJ {But.) A genus of 
plants ; bindweed. 

CpN-viiv', V. a. To accompany lor defence. 

C6n'vov, 71. An attendance for defence ; defence. 

CpN-vi5LSE', V. a. To shake ; to disturb : to agitata 

CpN-vtJL'sipN, 11. State of being convulsed ; tu- 
mult ; disturbance : — contraction of the fibres 
and muscles ; a spasm ; a fit. 

CpN-vuL'siVE, a. Producing convulsion. 

CpN-VtJL'siVE-LY, ad. In a convulsive manner. 

*Con'y or Co'ny [kiin'e, S. fV. P. J. E. F. Jo.) 
ko'ne, fVb. ; ko'ne or kiin'e, Sm.], n. A rabbit. 

*CoN'y-BDR'ROW,' 77. A rabbit's hole. 

C66, V. 77. To cry as a dove or pigeon. 

Coo'iNG, 77. TJie note or invitation of the dove. 

*CoOK (kuk, 51) [kiik, P. J. F. Sm. Wb. A'-ares ; 
kok, S. fV. E. Ja.], n. One who dresses victuals. 

*CooK (kiik), V. a. To dress or prepare victuals. 

*Cook'er-y (kuk'er-e), n. Art of cooking. 

*Cook'-Maid (kuk'mad), n. A maid that cooks. 

*CooK'Y (kfik'e), 77. A sweet cake. 

Cool, a. Somewhat cold ; not ardent or wann. 

Cool, n. A moderate degree or state of cold. 

Cool, v. a. To make cool ; to quiet passion. 

Cool, v. n. To lose heat or warmth. 

Cool'er, 71. He or that which cools ; a vessel. 

Cool'ish, a. Somewhat cool. 

Cool'ly, ad. With coolness ; without heat. 

Cool'ness, 77. Gentle cold : — want of affection. 

Coo'ly, n. {India.) A porter, carrier, or laborer. 

CooM, 77. Soot over an oven's mouth : — dirt. 

Coomb (kom), 77. A corn measure of four bush- 
els : — a dry valley : — a rising ground of a circu- 
lar form. 

Coop, 77. A barrel ; a cage ; a pen for animals. 

C6bv,v._a. To shut up; to confine ; to cage. 

Coo-PEi;', 77. [coupe, Fr.] A motion in dancing. 

Coop'ER [kop'er, S. W. P.J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. : 
kup'er, ffb.], 77. One who makes barrels, &c. 

Coop'er-a^^e, 77. The work or pay of a cooper. 

Co-6p'er-ate, v. n. To labor jointly for the same 
end ; to work together. 

Co-op-ER-A'TipN, 77. Jouit operation ; concur- 

Co-op'er-a-tive, a. Promoting the same end. 

Co-OP'ER-A-TpR, 71. A joint operator. 

Co-or'di-nate, a. Holding the same rank. 

Co-6r'dj-nate-ly, ad. In the same rank. 

Co-OR'Dl-NATE-NiJss, 77. State of being coordinate. 

Coot, 77. A small black water-fowl ; moor-hen. 

Cp-PAl'BA, ) n. A liquid resin which exudes from 

Cp-Pi'vj, \ a South American tree. 

Co'PAL, 77. A Mexican resin used in varnish. 

Co-par'ce-na-rv, 77. {Law.) Joint inheritance J 
an inheritance by coparceners. 

Co-par'ce-ner, 77. {Law.) A joint heir ; a coheir. 

Co-par'ce-ny, 77. Equal share of coparceners. 

Co-part'ner, 77. A joint partner ; sharer. 

Co-part'ner-ship, 77. Joint partnersliip. 

Cope, 77. A priest's cloak : — a concave arch. 

Cope, v. a. To cover, as with a cope. 

Cope, v. n. To contend ; to struggle ; to strive. 

Cp-PER'NI-CAN, a. Relating to Copernicus. 

Cp-PHO'sis, 77. [Gr.] {Med.) Deafness: — dumb- 
ness: — duluL-ss of any sense. 

Cop'l-ER, 77. One who copies ; a copyist. 

Cop'iNG, 77. Contention : — top or cover of a wall. 
— Coping stone, the top stone of a wall. 

Co'Pl-OtJS, a. Plentiful ; abundant ; ample. 

Co'pi-otis-LY, ad. Plentifully ; abundantly. 

Co'Pl-oys-NESS, 77. Plenty ; abundance ; ditfusion. 

Cop'PED (kop'pcd or kopt), a. Rising coiiically. 

CoP'PEL, 77. An instrument. See Cupel. 

Cop'PER, 77. A metal of a pale reddish color: — a 
vessel made of copper ; a boiler: — a copper coin. 

Cop'PER, 7;. a. To cover with copper. 

C6p'per-as, 77. Su'phate of iron ; green vitriol. 

C6p'per-plate,77. a plate on which designs aro 
engraved : — an impression from the plale. — Cop- 
perplate printing, Iho process of taking hnjiressions 
from copperplates. 

Cop'PtiR-SMiTli, 77. One who works in copper. 

C6p'per-y, a. Containing or like copper. 

Cop'pice, 77. A wood of small trees ; a cojise. 

CoP'PjNG, re. See Coping. 

MiENjS'iR; MOVE, NOR, s5n ; BOLL, BUr, rOlE. — 9, 9, gjSo'"' ■ e,iG,C,^, hard ! ^ as Z ; ^(.as^z: 11113 





Cftp'PLED (kop'pld), 0. Rising in a conic form. 
Cop'ple-dOst, n. Powder used in purifying metals. 
Cops, ». A draught-iron ; clevis. [{7. S.] 
Copse (kops), n. A wood of small trees. 
Cop'tic, 71. Tlie language of the Copts. 
CoP'u-LA,n. [L.] (Logic.) A word which unites 

the subject and predicato of a proposition. 
CoP'u-LATE, V. a. To unite ; to conjoin. 
Cop'u-LATE, V, n. To unite as different sexos. 
Cop-u-la'tion, n. Embrace of tho sexes. 
CoP'U-LA-TlVE, a. Tending to connect or unite. 
Cop' Y, n. A manuscript ; — an imitation : — a pat- 
tern to write after ; a model ' — a transcript from 

an original : — an individual book. 
Cop'v, V. a. To write, print, or draw after a pat- 
tern ; to transcribe ; to imitate ; to follow ; to 

write from ; to learn. 
Cop'y-Book (kop'e-buk), n, A book in which 

copies arc. written for learners to imitate. 
C6p'y-er, 71. A copier. See Copiek. 
Cop'y-hold, 7(. (Eng. Law.) A kind of tenure. 
Cop'y-ist. n. One who copies ; a copier. 
Cop'y-right, 71. The sole right to print a book. 
CoQUELicoT (kok-le-ko'), n. [Fr.] The wild 

poppy or corn-rose, and its color. 
Co-QUi3T' (ko-ket'), 7). a. To deceive in lovo. 
Co-QUEt' (ko-kef), V. n. To jilt ; to trifle in love. 
Cp-QUET'RY (ko-ket're) [ko-ket're, S. W. P. J. E. 

F. Ja. Sill. ; ko'ket-re, fVb.], n. Deceit in love. 
Co-QUiiTTE' (ko-ket'), n. A vain, gay, affected, 

deceitful girl or woman ; a jilt. 
Co-QUEt'tish, a. Having the manners anfl quali- 
ties of a coquette. 
Cor'A-cle, n. A boat used by fishers. 
Cor'al [kor'al, S. PF. J. F. Ja. K. C. Sm. ; kur'al 

or kor'al, P.], 7i. A hard, calcareous substance, 

growing in tlie sea like a plant : — a child's toy. 
Cor'al-line, a. Consisting of coral. 
Cor'al-line, 77. A sea-plant, used in medicine. 
Cor'al-loTd or C6r-al-lo1d'al, a. Like coral. 
Core, n. An ornament in building : — a basket. 
Cor'ban, 77. An alms-basket ; a gift ; alms. 
Cor'beil, 77. A basket used in fortification. 
CoR'BEL, 71. (Arch.) A projecting stone or timber 

in the form of a basket : — the vase of a Corinthian 

column : — a niche. 
Cord, 71. A small rope; a band : — a sinew : — ^a 

measure of wood containing 128 cubic feet. 
Cord, v. a. To fasten with cords: — to pile in 

CbRD'A(^E, 77. A quantity of cords ; ropes. 
CoR'DATE, a. Having the form of a heart. 
Cor-de-lier' (kor-de-l5r'), n. A Franciscan friar. 
♦Cord'ial (kord'yal or kor'de-al) [kor'dyal, S. E. 

F. K. C. ; kbr'de-al, P. J. Ja. ; kor'je-ai, IV.], n. 

A strengthening or exhilarating medicine or drink : 

— any thing that comforts. 
*Cord'ial, a. Reviving ; sincere ; hearty ; kind. 
*Cord-i-Xl'i-tv (kbrd-ye-al'e-te), 77. Sincerity ; 

*CoRD'iAL-t,Y, ad. Sincerely; heartily. 
*CoRD'iAL-]VESs, 71. Heartiness; sincerity. 
Cor' DON, n, [Fr.] A row of stones : — a line of 

military posts : — a band ; a wreath. 
CoR'DO-VAN, 77. Spanish leather, from Cordova. 
Cor'dij-roy, 77. A thick, ribbed, cotton stuff. 
CoRD'ivAlN, 77. A Spanish leather. 
Cord'wain-er or Cord'!-ner,77. A shoemaker. 
CORE_, 77. The heart : — the inner part of any thing. 
C6-re'<^ent, 71. A joint regent or governor. 
CO-REL'a-TIVE, a. See Correlative. 
Co-re-6p'sis, n. A perennial plant and its flower. 
Corf, M. A coal measure of three bushels. 
Co-ri-a'ceoijs (ko-re-a'shus), a. Consisting of 

jeather ; of a substance resembling leather. 
Co-ri-an'der, 77. A plant ; a hot, spicy seed. 
Cp-RIN'THI-AN, a. Relating to Corinth: — noting 

the third cf th five orders of architecture. 
Cork, 77. A. tree and its bark: — a stopple: — a 

steel point on a horseshoe ; calkin or cawkcr. 
Cork, v. a. To stop or furnish with corks. 

Cork'ing-Pin, 77. A- pin of the largest size. 

Cork'screw (-skru),7t. A screw to draw corks. 

Cork'y, a. Consisting of, or resembling, corlv. 

Cor'mo-rant, 77. A water-raven : — a glutton. 

Corn, 71,. Cereal grain of different kinds, used fo; 
bread, as wheat, rye, maize, &c. ; maize : — an 
excrescence on the foot. 

Coi4N, V. a. To sprinkle with salt; to salt moder- 
ately ; to pickle: — to granulate. 

Corn'acje, 77. {Law.) An ancient tenure of lands. 

Corn'chSnd-ler, 77. One who retails corn. 

C6rn'c6c-kle, 77. A purple-flowering plant. 

CoRn'crake, 77. A bird, called also the land-rail, 

Corn'cDt-ter, 77. One who extirpates corns. 

C6R'NE-A,n, [L.] The horny coat of the eye. 

Corned (kbmu), p. a. Moderately salted ; as 
corned beef: — intoxicated, 

Cor'n^l or CoR-NiiL'iAN, 77. A plant ; a shruU 

Cor-nel'ian, 77. A stone. See Carnelian. 

Cor'ne-Ous, (7. Horny ; like horn. 

Cor'ner, 77. An angle : — a secret or remote place. 

Cor'NERed (kbr'nerd), a. Having corners. 

Cor'ner-Stone, 77. The principal stone. 

Cor'ner-wise, ad. From corner to corner. 

Cor'net, 77. A musical instrument: — an ofEcei 
of cavalry, who bears the standard of a troop. 

Cor'net-cy, 77. The commission of a cornet. 

CoR'NicE, 77. Thu top or a column ; a moulding. 

Cor'ni-clEj 77, A littla horn. 

Cor-nIc'u-late ( rCoR-NK^'ER-otjs, a. Horned, 

CoR'NiSH, a. Relating to Cornwall in England. 

CoRN'-.MlLL, 77. A mill to grind corn. 

CoR-jvy-cd'fi-A, ■<■:.,. [L.J The horn of plenty. 

Cqr-nute', v. a. To bestow horns ; to cuckold, 

Cor-nOt'ed, (7. flaving horns ; cuckolded. 

Corn'y, a. Horny ; producing grain or corn. 

Cor'OL, 77. (Bot ) Same as Corolla. 

Cp-Roi-'LA, 77. [L,] (Bot.) The inner covering 
of a flower, or second envelope, which surrounds 
the stamens and pistil. 

C6r'ol-la-ry or Co-r6l'la-ry [kbr'o-lar-c, S 
W. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. R. 'fVbl ; ko-ri51'?-re, C, 
Bailey, Kenrick, Scott], 77. A consequent truth ; 
a consequence ; a conclusion. 

Co-Rd'NA,n. [L.j (Arch.) A large, flat member 
of the cornice, which crowns the entablature.— 
{Astron.) A luminous ring or halo around the 
sun or moon. — (Bot.) A union of the stamens of 
a flower into a disk. 

*Co-ro'nal, a. Relating to the crown ; coronary. 

*Cq-ro'nal or Cor'o-nal [kg-ro'nal, S. W J. F, 
Ja. ; kor'o-n£il, P. K, Sm, C. Wb.], n, A crown j 
a garland. 

C6r'o-na-ry, a. Relating to a crown ; coronal. 

CoR-o-NA'TipN, 77. Act oreeremony of crowning. 

Cor'p-ner, 7!. An officer whose duty it is ti in- 
quire how any casual or violent death may havo 
been occasioned. 

CoR'p-NijT, 77. A crown worn by the nobility. 

CoR'pp-RAL, 77. The lowest otficer of the infantry, 

CoR'pp-RAL,a. Relating to the body: — corporeal 
Syn, — Corporal punishment ; material sub- 
stance ; corporeal frame ; bodily strength. 

Cor-po-ra' LE, n. [L.] A communion-cloth. 

CoR-Pp-RAL'l-TY, 77. The State of being embodied. 

CoR'pp-RAL-LY, ad. Bodily ; in the body. 

CoR'pp-RATE, a. United in a body ; incorporated. 

CoR'pp-RATE-LY, ad. In a corporate capacity. 

CoR'pp-RATE-NESS, 77. State of a body corporate. 

CoR-pp-RA'TipN, 77. An incorporated body or 
body politic, created by law, and composed ol 
individuals, united under a common name, au- 
thorized to act as a single person. 

CoR'pp-RA-TpR, 77. A member of a corporation. 

Cor-po're-al, a. Having a body ; not spiritual; 
material ; corporal. 

CpR-PO'RE-AL-iST, 71. A materialist. 

CpR-PO-RE-AL'i-TY, 77. State of being corporeal. 

CpR-PO'RE-AL-LY, ad. In a bodily manner. 

CoR-Pp-RE'l-TY, 77. Materiality. 

CoR'pp-§XNT, 77. [corpo santo. It.] A volatile me- 

A,E,i, OjU, Y, long; X, E,I, 6, t5,?,s/i07-i,- A, E, i,p, y, y, oJscTire. — fAre,far, fSst, S.LL; HfiiR, iiERi 




teor sometimes seen about the rigging or decks of 

ships in the night ; ignis fatuus. 
Corps (kot),n. ; pi. cdMP!f{koi-z). [Fr.] Abody 

of forces or troops. 
Coups diplomatique (kor'dip-lo-ma-tek'), i. 

[Fr.] A body of foreign anibassadnrs. 
Corpse [kbrps, S. W. P. J. E. F. ; kbrps or kors, 

Ja.}, n. A dead human body ; remains ; a car- 
cass ; a corse. See Body. 
CoR'py-LENCE, )n. State of being corpulent; 
Cor'PU-len-cy, \ fatness ; fleshiness. 
Cor'pu-lent, a. Fleshy ; fat ; stout ; lusty ; bulky. 
Cor'pOs-cle (kbr'pas-sl), n. A minute particle. 
CpR-Pus'cu-L^R, )a. Relating to or compris- 

Cor-pCs-cv-la'ri-an, \ ing corpuscles or bodies. 
COR-RA-Di-A'TipN, n. A conjunction of rays. 
COR-RECT', V. a. To free from faults or errors; to 

amend; to rectify : — tci punish ; to chastise. 
COR-RECT', a. Free from faults ; riglit; accurate. 
CoR-RiJc'TlON, m. Act of correcting ; punishment; 

discipline ; reprehension : — amendment. 

Syii. — Correction of a child ; punishment of a 

criminal ; discipline of a school ; reprehension of 

an offender : — amendment of life. 
CoR-Ri2c'TlpN-AL, a. Tending to correct. 
CoR-REC'TiVE, a. Having the power to correct. 
CoR-Riic'TiVE, n. That which corrects. 
Cor-rect'ly, ad. Accurately ; without faults. 
CoR-RiicT'^fESS, n. State of being correct. 
Cor-rect'or, n. He or that which corrects. 
Cqr-RE,g'j-d6r, n. [Sp.] A Spanish magistrate. 
CoR-RE-LATE', V. n. To have a reciprocal relation. 
C5r're-late, n. A correlative. South. 
CoR-RE-LA'TlpN, n. Reciprocal relation. 
CpR-RiJL'A-TlvE, a. Having a reciprocal relation, 

as husband and wife, father and son. 
CpR-RiiL'A-TiVE, n. He or that which stands in 

a reciprocal relation, as a father and son. [tive. 
CpR-RiiL'A-TiVE-NESS, n. State of being correla- 
Cor-RE-sp6nd', v. n. To suit; to answer; to 

agree : — to keep up the interchange of letters. 
C6r-re-sp6nd'ence, n. Act or state of corre- 
sponding ; relation ; reciprocal adaptation : — 

epistolary intercourse : — interchange. 
C6r-re-sp6nd'ent, a. Suitable; adapted; fit. 
C6r-re-sp6nd'ent, n. Oi\e who corresponds ; one 

who writes or interchanges letters. 
C6r-re-sp6.\d'ent-l y, ad. In a suitable manner. 
OoR-Rip-spoND'iNG,/). a. Agreeing to; suiting. 
CoR-RE-spoN'siVE, a. Auswerable. 
CoR'Rt-DdR,n. [Fr.] Agallerv: — acovertway. 
CoR-Ki-,aEN'DA, [L.] "Things to be cor- 
rected ; corrections to be made. 
CoR'Ri-f^i-BLE, a. Capable of being corrected. 
CpR-Ri'VAL, n. A rival ; a competitor. 
CoR-Ri-VA'TipN, n. The unitim; of waters. 
CpR-ROB'p-R^NT, a. Strengthening; confirming. 
CoR-ROB'p-RATE, V. a. To make more certain : 

to strengthenj to confirm ; to establish. 
CpR-ROB-p-RA'Tipiv, n. The act of confirming. 
CpR-ROB'p-RA-TiVE, n. That which corroborates. 
CpR-RoB'p-RA-TlVE, a. Tending to corroborate ; 

strengthening ; confirming. 
CpR-RouE', V. a. To eat away ; to consume. 
CpR-Ro'DRNT, a. Having the power of wasting. 
CpR-Ro'DENT, n. That which eats away. 
CpR-Ro-Di-BiL'i-TY, n. State of being corrodible. 
CpR-Ro'ui-BLE, a. Capable of being corroded. 
CpR-RO'S!-BLE,a. Corrodible. See CoRRooinLE. 
Cpa-Ro'^ipN (kor-ro'zhim), n. The act of corroding, 

or eatjng, or wearing away by degrees. 
CoR-Ro'sivE, a. Consuming; wearing away. — 

Corrosine sublimate, bichloride of mercury, a very 

acrid poison. 
CpR-Ro'.siVE, n. A corroding substance. 
CpR-Ro'siVE-LV, ad. In a corrosive manner. 
CpR-Ro'sj VE-NESS, B. Quality of being corrosive. 
C6r'rv-gant, a. Contracting into wrinkles. 
C6r'ri;-gate, v. a. To wrinkle or purse up. 
C6r'ri;-gate, a. Contracted; wrinkled. 
CoR-Ry-GA'TipN, n. Contraction into wrinkles. 

CpR-RiJPT', V. a. To turn from a sound to a pu- 
trescent state : — to infest ; to defile : — to destroy 
the integrity of; to bribe. 

CpR-RTiPT', V. n. To become putrid or vitiated. 

CpR-RUPT', a. Spoiled ; tainted ; putrid : — vicious, 

CpR-RUPT'ER, n. One who corrupts or vitiates. 

CpR-RDPT-l-BiL'l-TY, n. Possibility to be corrupted. 

CpR-RUPT'i-BLE, a. Susceptible of corruption. 

CpR-RtJPT'i-BLE-NESS, n. Corruptibility. 

CpR-RUPT'i-BLY, ad. So as to be corrupted. 

CpR-RLJp'TipN, B. Actof corrupting ; state of being 
corrupted; putrescence; pus: — depravity; vice. 

CpR-RUP'TiVE, a. Having the quality of tainting. 

CpR-RiJPT'EY, ad. With corruption ; viciously. 

CPR-RUPT'NESS, 7^ Corruption. 

Cor'sair (kbr'sir), n. [corsaire, Fr.] A pirate ; a 
piratical vessel, in the south of Europe. 

Corse or Corse [kors, S. IV. P. J. F. Ja. ; kbrs, 
K. Sm. Wb.], n. A dead body ; a corpse. 

Corse'let, n. A light armor for the body. 

Cor'set, H. [Fr.J An article of dress worn round 
the body ; bodice ; stays. 

Cor'te'ge (kbr'tazh), n. [Fr.] A train of at- 

CdR' TEif, [Sp.] The legislative body of Spain, 
composed of nobility, clergy, and representatives^ 

Cor' TEX, n. [L.] The outer bark ; cover. 

C6R'Ti-CAL,a. Barky; belonging to the rind. 

C6r'ti-cat-ed, a. Resembling the bark of a tree. 

CpR-Ti'9'f-FORM, a. Having the form of bark. 

Cor-ti-cose', a. Full of bark ; barky. 

Cp-RTjs'c^NT, a. Glittering by flashes ; flashing. 

Cp-rBs'cate, v. n. To glitter ; to flash ; to shine. 

CoR-us-CA'TipN, 7i. A quick vibration of light. 

Cqr-vette', II. [Fr.] A sloop-of-war, less than 
a frigate : — an advice-boat. 

CpR-VET'TO, n. [corvetta, It.] The curvet. 

Cor'vine, a. Relating to the crow or raven. 

CoR'vp-RANT, n. A voracious bird : cormorant. 

Cor'YiYLB, 71. {Bot.) A species of inflorescence. 

Cp-rym'bi-at-ed, a. Having clusters of berries. 

Cor-ym-bif'er-oijs, a. Bearing fruit in bunches. 

C6r-ym-bose', a. Relating to or like a corymb. 

Co-rvm'bus, n. [L.] A bunch of berries ; corymb. 

CQr- y-piiJe' us, n. [L.J The leader of the an- 
cient dramatic chorus : — a chief; leader. 

Co-SE'CANT, n. The secant of an arc, which is 
the complement of another to ninety degrees. 

Co§'EN. See Cozen. 

Cos'en-a<^e, 71. {Eng. Law.) An ancient writ. 

Co''§EY, a. Snug ; warm ; social ; chatty. 

Co'sine, 71. The sine of the complement of an 
angle or of an arc. 

Cp^-MET'ic, n. A wash to improve the skin. 

Cps-Mi3T'ic, a. Increasing beauty ; beautifying. 

Cos'Ml-CAl,, a. Relating to the world : — rising or 
setting with the sun ; — opposed to acronycal. 

Co§'M!-CAL-LY, ad. With the sun ; not acronycally. 

Cpl-MO&'p-NisT, 71. One versed in cosmogony. 

Cp^-MoG'p-NY, n. The science that treats of the 
origin of the world. 

Cp^-MOG'RA-PHER, n. One versed in cosmography. 

Co^-Jip-GR aph'i-c AL, a. Relatine to cosmography. 

C6^-Mp-GRAPH'i-CAl/-LY,ad. With cosmography. 

Cp^-MOG'RA-PH Y (koz-mog'r?-fe), n. The science, 
or a description, of the world, including astrono- 
my, geography, and geology. 

Cp^-MoL'p-(,iiST, n. One versed in cosmology. 

Cp^-m6l,'p-«y, n. The science that treats of the 
structure of the world. 

Cp$-m6m'e-trv, n. Measurement of the world. 

Co^-Mp-PLAS'TiC, a. Forming the world. 

Cft^-Mp-poL'j-TAN, 71. A cosmopolite. 

Cp.s-MOP'p-LiTE, 77. A citizen of the world. 

C6^-Mp-RA'MA, 71. An optical machine, giving a 
picturesque exhibition of the world. 

C6.s-Mp-RAM'ic, a. Relating to a cosmorama. 

Cos'.SET, 71. A lamb brought up by hand ; a pet. 

Cos'set, v. a. To make a pet of; to fondle. 

*CosT'(koKt «r ktlvvst, 21) [kost, .S. IV. P. F. Ja.; 
klwst, J. K. Wb. JVarti], n. That which is paid 

MIEN, sYr; move, nor, s6n; bOll, BiJR, rOle. — 9,9, g,soft; e, G,£,|,Aard; f oszj Jfosgz: IHIS. 




t any thing ; price ; ».hargo ; expense : — lux- 

niy .' — loss. 

Syn. — The price or charge is what is aslcod for 

a tiling ; the cost or expense, vvliat is given ; the 

vorili, what it will fetch ; the value, what it 

ought to fetch. 
*CosT (Itost cr VAvfst), V, a. [i. coet ; pp. costing, 

COST.] To be bought for ; to be had at a price. 
Cos'tal, a. Belonging to the ribs oif side. 
Cos'TARD, n. A head ; a large, round apple. 
C6s'TARD-MSN'£tER, ) n. A dealer in apples and 

COS'TER-MON'^ER, \ frillt. 

Cos'tive, a. Bound in the body ; restringont. 

Cos'TiVE-NESS, n. State of being costivo. 

*CosT'L!-Niiss, n. State of being costly. 

♦CosT^LV, a. Expensive, dear; of great price. 

Cps-TUME',ra. [Ft.] Style or modo of dress. 

Cot, ti. A small house ; a cottage ; a hut : — a 
dove-cot : — a cover for tho finger : — a small 
bed ; a hammock. 

Co- 'j.'Xn'(^ent, n. Tho tangent of tho complement 
of an angle or an arc. 

C5te, n. A cottage ; a sheepfold ; a cot. 

CO-TEM'Pp-RA-KY, n. & o- See Contemporary. 

Co-te-kie' (ko-te-re'), n. [Fr.] A small asso- 
ciation or circle of friends ; a society ; a club. 

Cq-thur'nus, n. ; pi. co-thur'ni. IL.] A 
high shoe worn by ancient tragedians ; a buslvin. 

Cq-til' LON (ko-til'yun) [ko-til'yun, P. F. E. Ja. ; 
ko-til'yong, fV. Sm.], n. [Fr.] A brisk, lively 
dance, performed by eight persons. 

CoT'QUEAN, n. A man who busies himself with 
women's affairs. 

Cots' WOLD, n, Sheepcots in an open countrj'. 

Cot'tac^e, n. A hut ; a cot ; ;; small dwelling. 

CoT'TA-tjJER, n. One who lives in a cottage. 

Cot'tcr cr CoTT'lER (kot'ycr), n. A cottager. 

CoT'TON (kot'tii), n. A plant : — the down of tho 
cotton-tree : — cloth made cf cotton. 

Cot'ton (kot'tn), a. IMade of cotton. 

C6T'TON-(;riN, n. A machine for cleaning cotton. 

C6t'ton-¥ (kot'tn-e), a. Full of cotton ; downy. 

CoT-Y-LE'boN, n. \Bot.) Tho seminal leaf of a 
plant, cr the lobe that nourishes the seed of a 

C6t-y-led'p-nous, a, {Bot.) Having a seed- 

Couch, v.n. To lie down ; to stoop or bend. 

CoOcH, t). a. To lay down ; to hide ; to include: — 
to remove or depress, as cataracts from tlie eye. 

CoOcH, n. A seat of repose ; a bed. 

CoOcH'ANT, a. (Her.) Lying down ; squatting. 

CoOcH'ER, n. One who couches cataracts. 

CoOcn'Fi2L-LOW (kouch'fel-lo), 78. A bedfellow- 

CoOcH'ma, n. The act of bending : — the operation 
of removing a cataract. 

*CouGH (kof or kawf) [kbf, S= W. P. F. Ja. K. Sm. 
C. ; kawf, J. Wb. J\rares\, n. A convulsion of tho 
lungs, with noise. 

*CousH (kef), V. n. To have the lungs convulsed. 

*CouGH (kof), V. a. To eject by a cough. 

CoOH' Afjj^E (libu'aj), n. An Indian bean. 

Could (kud), ('. From Can. Was able. 

Coul'ter (kol'ter), n. See Colter. 

CoOn'cil, n. A body of councillors ; an assembly 
met for deliberation or to give advice ; a conven- 
tion ; diet. Sec Assembly. 

CoOn'cil-lor, n. A member of a council. 

CoOn'sel, n. Advice; direction: — consultation: 

— secrecy : — a counsellor or advocate ; lawyer. 
CoOn'sel, v. a. To give advice ; to advise. 
Coi)N'sEL-LA-BLE,a. Willing to receive counsel. 
CoOn'sel-lor, ?j. One who gives advice: — an 

attorney at law ; a lawyer ; an advocate. 
CoON'SEL-LOR-siiiP, n. Tho office of counsellor. 
CoOnt, V. a. To number; to tell; to reckon; to 

compute ; to calculate ; to estimate ; to rate. 
CoOnt, u. m. To reckon : to rely on. 
CoOnt, 71. Number: — a charge in an indictment: 

— a title cf nobility, equivalent to earl. 
CoOnt'a-BLE, a. Capable of being numbered. 

Co0n'te-nance,7i. Form of the face ; air; lookf 
exterior appearance : — patronage ; support. 

Coun'te-nance, 7j. a. Tt support, to encourage 

Coun'te-nan-cer, n. One who countenances. 

CoOnt'ER, 7j. Base money : — a reckoner : — the 
table of a shop, on which money is counted. 

Coun'TER, ad. Contrary to ; in a wrong way. 

Coun-ter-Xct', J), a. To act contrary to ; to hin- 
der ; to frustrate. 

CouN-TER-Xc'Tloir,7i. Opposite action or agency. 

Coun-Ter-Xc'tive, a. Tending to counteract. 

Coun-ter-eIl'ance, v. a. To weigh against, 

CoOn'ter-bal-ance, 71. Opposite weight. 

Coun'ter-chan^^e, n. Exchange , rcciprocatioa 

Coun-ter-chan^e', v. a. To exchangp. 

Coun'ter-charm, n. That wliich dissolves .' 
charm. [nient 

Coun-tur-charm', ». a To destroy cnchant- 

CoUN-TUU-ciiECK', V. a. To oppose ; to checlc. 

CouN'TEH-CHficrc, 7j. A Stop ; rebuke. 

C6un'ti;k-cDr-ri;nt, n. An opposite current. 

CouN-TER-DRAW', V. a. To trace the lines of a 
drawing through transparent paper. 

CouNTER-EV'i-DENCE, n. Opposite ovidcnoo. 

CoiJN'TljR-FEi'J (kbfln'ter fit), v. a. Tn copy 
with an intent to doccivo ; to Jfetgn ; to fcrge ; tc 

CoOn'ter-feTt, c. 77. To feign. 

Coun'ter-I'Eit, c. Forged; fictitious; spurious: 
feigned; not genuine ; deceitful. 

Coun'ter-feit, n. An impostor: — that wln.,t 
is counterfeited ; imposition , forgery. 

CoOn'ter-feit-er, 77. A forger ; an impostor. 

Coun'ter-feit-ly, ad. Falsely; fictitiously. 

Coun'ter-guard, 77. A small rampart. 

Coun'ter-light, 77. A counteracting light. 

CoOn-tee-MANd', v. a. To revoke a coininand. 

CouN'TER-MAND, 77. Repeal of a former order. 

CoOn-ter-march', v. 77. 'i'o march back. 

Coi)n'ter-march, 77. A marching back. 

Coun'ter-mark, 77. An after-mark on goods. 

CoOn-ter-mark', v. a. To place a countermark 
on : — to hollow a horse's teeth to conceal his age. 

CotfN'TER-MlNE, 7i. (Fort.) A mine to frustrate 
the use of one made by an enemy. [feat. 

CbON-TER-MiNE', V. a. To counterwork ; to de- 

Cot)N-TER-MO'TlON, 77. Contrary motion. 

C6un-ter-m6ve'ment, 77. An opposite move- 

CouN'TER-MURE, 71. A Wall built behind an- 
other wall. _ 

Coun'ter-pane, 77. A coverlet for a bed. 

CoOn'ter-part, 77. A correspondent part ; a copy. 
— (Law.) A duplicate or copy of a writing. 

CouN'TER-PLEA, 77. (Law.) A repHcation. 

CbuN-TER-PLOT', V. a, Sc n. To oppose ont plot 
by another. [plot. 

CouN'TER-PLor, 77. A plot Opposed to antthei 

CouN'TER-PoiNT, 77. The art or science of hdx- 
mony : — an opposite point : - - counterpane. 

CouN-TER-Poi§E', V. a. To counterbalance- 

CbuN'TER-Poi§E, 77, Equivalence of weight: — 
a mass of metal used to givo steadiness to a ma- 

CouN-TER-POT'^ON, 77. Antidote to poison. 

CouN-TEK-PRES'svRE (-presh'ur), 77. Oijposito 

Co0n'ter-REv-o-lu'tiqn,71. a revolution suc- 
ceeding another, and opposite to it. 

CbuN'TER-scARP, 77. (Fort.) That side of a ditch 
which is next to the camp. 

CoOn-ter-seal', V, a. To seal together with 

CbUN-TER-siGN' (kbun-ter-sin'), v. a. To sign 
an order of a superior, in quality of secretary. 

CbuN'TER-siGN (-sin), 77. A military watch- 
word : — an official signature, as to a certificate. 

CoOn'ter-sig-nal, 77. A corre.sponding sig.ial. 

Cbl)N-TER-siNK',7). a. To let tho head of a screw 
or nail into a board, &c., so that it may not project, 

CoOn'ter-stroke, 77. A stroke returned. 

.ii, JE, i, 5, u, Y, long ; A, £j Is 6, U, i, short; A. ?» ?, 9, V, Vj obscure.— Are, far, fAst, aLLj HfilR, HEEj 




CoOn'ter-sway, n. An opposite influence. 

CoOn'ter-tSl-ly, n. A corresponding tally. 

CoOn-ter-tzn'qr, n. A middle part of music. 

CoOn'ter-tIde, re. A contrary tide. 

CbiJN'TER-TiME, n. Resistance ot a horse. 

CoOn'ter-tIjrn, n. Tlie height of a play. 

CoOn-ter-vail', v. a. To be equal to ; to balancGi 

Coun'ter-vail, n. Equal weight or value. 

Cbl)N'TER-viEW (koun'ter-vu), n. Contrast. 

CoCn-ter-work' (-wiirk')i v. a. To counteract. 

CoCnt'ess, 7!. The lady of an earl or counts 

CouNT'iNS-HousE, n. A house or room where 
merchants keep their accounts, and transact, busi- 

CoOnt'ing-Room, n. A room for accounts. 

Count'less, a. Not to be counted ; innumerable. 

Coun'tri-fied (kiin'tre-fid), a. Rustic ; rude. 

Coi5N'TRY (kun'tre), n. A large tract of land ; an 
inhabited territory ; a region ; one's residence : — 
rural parts, opposed to town or city. 

CoOn'trv (kun'tre), a. Rustic ; rural ; rude. 

Coun'try-Dance, n. Akind of dance ; — properly 
contradance. See Contbadance. 

CoCn'trv-man (kun'tre-man), n. One born in 
the same country : — a rustic ; a farmer. 

CoOn'tv, n. A shire ; a circuit or district. 

Coup de grace (ko'de-griis'), n. [Fr.] The 
mercy-stroke ; the stroke that puts an end to suf- 

CO£/P DjE i^/AJiV(k6'de-mang'), M. [Fr,] A sud- 
den and unexpected attack. [view. 

Coup p^CEiL (ko-dal'), n. [Fr.] First or slight 

CoO-PEiJ', n. [coupe, Fr.] A motion in dancing. 

CotJp'LA-BLE (kup'la-bl), a. Fit to be coupled. 

COUp'le (kup'pl), 71. Two ; a pair ; man and wife. 

CotJP'LE (kiip'pl), c. a. To join; to marry. 

CoCp'ee (kup'pl), V. n. To join in embraces. 

Coup'le-ment (kup'pl-), n. Union ; embrace. { 

Coup'let (kup'let), n. Two verses ; a pair. 

Coupon {ko-pon%'),n. [Fr.] A shred ; remnant. 

— (Com.) Coupons are those parts of a commer- 
cial instrument that are to be cut, and are evi- 
dences of something mentioned in the contract. 

CoOr'a(^e (kiir'fij), ri. Bravery; valor. 

Syn. — Courage is shown in resisting all kinds 
of danger ; bravery, valor, and prowess are all used 
to denote the courage of a soldier in war ; intre- 
pidity is firm courage ; gallantry is adventurous 
courage ; heroism is heroic courage, founded on 
contempt of danger and a just confidence in the 
power of overcomiiig it ; fortitude is a virtue par- 
taking of both courage and patience ; resolution 
implies firmness of mind, and partakes of courage 
and fortitude. — ^Moral courage is that firmness of 
principle which prompts and enables a person to do 
what he deems his duty, although it may subject 
him to severe censure, or the loss of public favor. 

Cou-RA'(j(EOUS (kur-ra'jus), a. Brave ; daring. 

CO(J-RA'fjtEOi}s-LV (kur-ra'jus-le), ad. Bravely. 

Cov-ra'(^eous-ness, n. Bravery; boldness. 

Cou-RANT' (ko-rant'), «. [Fr.J A nimble dance : 

— any thing that spreads quick, as a newspaper. 
C&u'rteh (ko'rer) [ko'rer, TV. F. ; ko-rSr', J. Ja. ; 

ko'ryer, S. E. ; ko're-a, P. ; kur'e-er, Sm.], n. 
JFr.] A messenger sent m haste ; an express. 
Course (kors), n. A race; career; progress: — 
series: — order; conduct : — a service of dishes: 

— natural bent : — track in which a ship sails : — 
way; patli : — tendency; direction. — PI. Menses. 

Course (kors), v. a. To hunt; to pursue. 

Course (kors), v. n. To run ; to hunt. 

Cours'er (kors'er), n. A race-horse ; horse-racer. 

CouRS'ES, n. pi. (JVaut.) The principal sails of a 
ship. — (Med.) Menses. 

CoURs'!N(i (kors'jng), n. The sport of hunting. 

Court (kort), n. The palace or residence of a 
sovereign or a prince; a hall; a palace: — an 
enclosed place ; a narrow street : — a hall or place 
for adiniiiistering justice : — the judge or judges : 

— legislature. 

Court (kOrt), v. a. To woo ; to solicit ; to seek. 

Court-Bar'qn, n. A court incident to a manor. 

Court'-Card, n. A card with a coated figure : — 
corrupted from coat-card. 

*CotJR'TE-oiJs (kiir'te-iis or kort'yus) [kUr'che-us, 
fV. P. ; kiir'chus, S. ; kiir'te-iis, J. C. ; kiirt'yus, 
F. ; kor'tyus, E. K. Sm. ; k'or'te-us, Ja. Wb.],' a. 
Elegant in manners ; polite ; well-bred ; civil j 

*CouR'TE-oiJs-LY, ad. Politely; respectfully. 

*CoiiR'TE-ous-NESS, n. Civility ; complaisance. 

Court'er (kort'er), n. One who courts. 

Cour-te-§an' ['kur-te-zan', S. W. J. F. Sm. C; 
kor-te-zan', E. Ja. ; kiir-te-zan' or kUr'te-zan, 
P.; kur'te-zan, Wb.],n. A prostitute. 

CoiJR'TE-SY (kur'te-se),m. Elegance of manners ; 
politeness; civility; complaisance. — By courtesy, 
not of right, but by indulgence. 

CoiJRTE'sY (kurt'se), 71,. Act of respect, rever- 
ence, or civility, made by women and girls. 

Courte'sy (kurt'se), v. n. To make a courtesy. 

Court'-Hand (kort'hand), 71. A manner of writ- 
ing used in records and judicial proceedings. 

Cgdrt'ier (kort'yer), n. One who frequents 
courts ; a person of courtly manners. 

CouRT-LEiiT', 71. An English court held annually 
jn a hundred, lordship, or manor. 

Court'like (kort'lik), a. Elegant ; courtly. 

Court'li-ness, n. Elegance of manners. 

CouRT'LlNG, n. A hanger-on at a court. 

Court'ly, a. Relating to a court ; polite ; genteel. 


A military court for trying military offences. 

Court'shjp, n. A making of love to a woman. 

Cou§'lN (kuz'zn), 71. The child of an uncle or 
aunt : — any one collaterally related more remote- 
ly than a brother or sister. — Cousin-german, a 

CouTEA u (ko-to'), 71. [Fr., a knife.] A hanger. 

Cove, n. A small creek or bay : — shelter; a recess. 

Cove, v. a. To arch over ; to shelter. 

Cov'e-nXnt (kiiv'e-nant), 71. A solemn agree- 
ment ; a written contract ; a bargain ; a deed. 

Cov'e-nXnt, v. n. To bargain ; to contract. 

Cov'e-nant, v.ji. To contract ; to stipulate. 

C6v-e-nan-tee', 7i. A party to a covenant. 

Cov'e-nAnt-er, n. One who makes a covenant: 
— one who signed the " Solemn League and 
Covenant " in Scotland, in 1638. 

Cov'e-nous, o. Fraudulent. See Covinous. 

Cov'er, v. a. To overspread ; to conceal ; to hide. 

Cov'ER, 7i. A concealment ; a screen ; defence. 

Cov'er-inG, n. Dress ; vesture ; a cover. 

Cov'ER-LET, n. The upper covering of a bed. 

Cov'ert, 77. A shelter ; a defence ; a thicket. 

Cov'ERT, a. Sheltered ; private ; insidious. — 
{Law.) Under protection, as a married woman. 

C6v'ert-ly, ad. In a covert manner; secretly. 

Cov'er-ture, 77. Shelter. — {Law.) The legal 
state and condition of a married woman. 

Cov'et, v. a. To desire eagerly or inordinately ; 
to hanker after ; to long for. 

Cov'et (kuv'et), v. n. To have a strong desire. 

Cov'et-a-ble (kiiv'et-a-bl), a. To be wished foK 

C'6v'et-jng-ly (kuv'et-Ing-le), ad. Eagerly. 

*Cov'et-ous [kuv'et-iis, W.P.J. E. F. Ja. Sm. 
C. Wb. ; kiiv'e-chiis, S.], a. Inordinately desir- 
ous ; eager for gain ; greedy ; avaricious. 

*Cov'ET-oris-LV, ad. Avariciously ; eagerly. 

*C6v'ET-ovis-NESS, n. State of being covetous. 

Cov'ey (kuv'e), 71. A hatch or brood of birds. 

Cov'lN, 7*. {Law.) A fraudulent agreement. 

Cov'lNG, 71. {.^rch.) A projection in a building. 

Cov'iN-oDs, a. Fraudulent; dishonest. 

Cow, 77. ; pi. cbw§, formerly kine. The female of 
the bull, or of the bovine genus of animals. 

Ci3v\' (kou), V. a. To depress with fear. 

Cow'ard, 77. One wanting courage ; a poltroon. 
Syn. — Coward, poltroon, and dastard, all signify 
one wanting courage ; but of the three words, 
coward is the least reproachful term. 

Covv'ard, a. Dastardly; timid; base; cowardly. 

liIlEN,S'jR; move, NOR, SON; bOll, bUr, rOlE. — 9, 9, g, so/t; «, fi, £, |, Aard; ^asr.; ^ as gz: 





Cbw'ABD-TcE, n. Fear; habitual timidity. 

Cbw'ARD-LlKE, a. Resembling a coward. 

Cb\v'ARD-Ll-N£ss, n. Timidity ; cowardice. 

Oow'ard-ly, a. Fearful j pusillanimous ; mean. 

Cow'BER-Ry, n. A plant and its fruit. 

Cow'er, v. 11. To sink by bending tlie knees. 

Co^^'herd, ?i. One who tends cows. 

Cow'HiDE, 71. The skin of a cow : — a whip. 

Cow'HiDE, V. a. To beat or wliip with a cowhide. 

Cowl,, n. _ A monk's hood ; — a chimney cover. 

Cow'-Leech, n. One who cures diseased cows. 

CoiS^'ncK, n. A reversed tuft of hair on the hu- 
man forehead. 

Cowl'-StAff, 71. The stafT on which a vessel is 
supported between two men. 

Co-work'er (ko-wiirk'er), n. A fellow-laborer. 

Cow'-Pox, 71. The vaccine disease. 

Cow'ry, n. A small shell used, in Africa, as coin. 

C6\\''si,lP, n, A plant ; a species of primrose. 

Cox'coMB (koks'kom), n. A fop : — a flower. 

C6x'coMB-RY (koks'kom-re), n. Fuppisimess. 

Cox-com'i-cal, a. Foppish ; conceited. 

Coy, a. Modest; reserved; shy; not accessible. 

Coy'ISH, a. Somewhat coy ; reserved; shy. 

CoY'iiY, ad. In a coy manner ; with reserve. 

Cbff'NESs, 71. Reserve; shyness; modesty. 

C6z (kuz), n. A cant word for cousin. 

Coz'EN (kiiz'zn), v. a. To cheat ; to trick. 

Coz'en-a^^e (kuz'zn-aj), 71. Fraud; deceit. 

Coz'EN-ER (ktiz'zn-er), n. One wlio cheats. 

Co'ZEY 07- Co'ZY, a.' Snug. See Cosey. 

Crab, n. A crustaceous fish: — a wild, sour ap- 
ple: — a peevish person : — an engine or machine 
for raising weights. 

CrXb, c. Sour and degenerate, as fruit. 

Crab'BED, a. Sour; peevish; morose; harsh. 

Crab'bed-ly, ad. Peevishly, morosely. 

CitAB'BED-Niiss, 71. Sourness of taste ; asperity. 

Cra'ber, n. The water-rat. 

CrXck, a. Excellent; first-rate. Dihdin. [Low.] 

Crack, 77. A sudden noise : — a fissure : — a boast 

Crack, v. a. To break into chinks ; to split. 

Crack, v. n._ To burst ; to open in chinks. 

Crack'-brained (krak'briind), a. Crazy. 

Crack'er, 77. A charge of gunpowder; a fire- 
« work : — a boaster : — a hard biscuit. 

Crac'kle (krik'kl), v. n. To make slight cracks ; 
to make small and frequent sharp sounds. 

CrXck'ling, 77. A small but frequent noise. 

Crack'nel, 77. A kind of hard, brittle cake. 

Cra'dle, 77. A movable bed, on which children 
are rocked : — a case for a broken bone : — a frame 
of timber for launching ships : — a frame added to 
ascythe for cutting grain. 

Cra'dle, v. a. To cut with a cradle : — to rock. 

Craft (12), n. Manual art; trade: — cunning; 
art ; fraud : — small sea vessels. 

Craft'i-ly, aa. Cunningly; artfully; skilfYilly. 

Craft'i-nEss, 71. Cunning; stratagem; art. 

CrAfts'man, 77. An artificer ; a mechanic. 

Craft'y, a. Cunning ; artful ; shrewd ; sly. 

Crag, 77. A rough, steep rock : — [f the neck.] 

CRS&'eED, a. Rough ; full of promniences ; craggy. 

Crag'sed-ness, 77. State of being cragged. 

CRiG'j&l-NESS, 77. The state of being craggy. 

CRAG'fiY, a. Rugged ; full of prominences ; cragged, 

Crake, 77. A bird ; the corn-crake. 

Cram, v. a. To stuff; to thrust in by force. 

Cram, v.n. To eat greedily or beyond satiety. 

Cram'bo, 77. A play in which one gives a word to 
which another finds a rhyme. 

Cramp, 77. A spasmodic, painful contraction of the 
limbs : a restriction : — a piece of bent iron. 

CrXmp, a. Difficult ; knotty ; troublesome. [R.] 

Cr.Xmp, v. a. To restrain ; to confine ; to bind. 

Cramp'-Fish, 77. The torpedo. 

CraMP'-ir-QN, 77. An iron for fastening together. 

Cram'pit, 77. A thin plate or piece of metal at 
the bottom of the .scabbard of a broadsword. 

CrXm-poons', 77. pi. Iron instruments fastened to 
the shoes o^ a storming party ; iron hooks. 

Cr.Xn'EER-ry, n. An acid berry used for sauc?) 

Cranch. See Craunch. 

Crane, 77. A bird : — a machine for raising 
weights : — a crooked pipe or siphon. 

Crane '§'-BiLL, 77. A plant: — a surgeon's pincers : 

Cra-ni-o-l6(^'i-cal, a. Relating to craniology. 

Cra-ni-6l'P-(^ist, 77. One versed m craniology. 

Cf^a-ni-6l'p-^V, ?7. A treatise on the cranium or 
skull : — the art of discovering men's cliaracters 
from the skull ; phrenology. I mg skulls. 

Cra-ni-6m'e-ter, 77. An instrument lor ineasur- 

Cra-ni-om'e-try, n. Art of measuring the cra- 
nium or skull. 

Cra-ni-os'cq-py, n. Examination of skulls. 

CRA'Nl-UM,n. [L.] The skull. 

CrXnk, 77. The end of an iron axis turned down, 
a contrivance for turning ; a brace : — a pun. 

Crank, a. Liable to be overset, as a ship: — dis- 
torted : — healthy ; lusty ; bold. 

Crank, v. n. To turn ; to run in and out ; to crankle, 

Cran'kle, 7). 77. To run into angles ; to cnnkle. 

Cran'kle, 7;. a. To break into bends and angles. 

Cran'kle, 77. A bend ; a turn ; a crinkle. 

Cran'nied (kran'nid), a. Full of chinks. 

Cran'ny, 77. A chink ; a fissure. 

Crape, 77. A species of gauze made of silk, often 
dyed black, and used in mourning, &c. 

Crap'nel, 77. (JVaut.) A hook or drag to draw 
up any thing from under water. 

Crap' u-LA,n. [L.j A surfeit ; crapulence. 

Crap'u-lence, 77. Sickness caused by excess. 

Crap'u-lent, a. Ill from excess ; surfeited. 

Crap'u-lous, a. Surfeited ; crapulent. 

Crash, v. n. To make a loud, complicated noise. 

Crash, v. a. To break or bruise ; to crush. 

Crash, 77. A loud, sudden, mixed sound, as o£ 
things falling and breaking : — a coarse linen cloth. 

CrXsh'ing, 77. A violent, complicated noise. 

CRA'sis,n. [Gr.] (Med,) Due mixture of humors. 
— ( Gram.) A contraction of two syllables into one. 

Cras'sa ment, ?i. Thick, red blood. 

Cras'si-TUDE, 77. Crossness ; coarseness. 

Cras-ti-na'tiqn, n, A putting off till to-morrow. 

Cr.Xtch, 77. A frame for hay to feed cattle in. 

Crate, 77. A pannier for crockery-ware, &c. 

Cra'ter, 77. [L.j The vont or mouth of a volcatia 

Craunch (kranch), j, ij. To crush in the mouth, 

Cra-vat', 77. Any thing worn about the neck. 

Crave, v. a. To ask earnestly ; to long for ; to beg 

Cra'ven (kra'vn), n. A cock conquered: — a 

Cra'VEN (kra'vn), a. Cowardly ; base, [coward, 

fCRA'VEN (kra'vn), V. a. To make recreant. SliaL 

Crav'er, 77. One who craves. 

Crav'ing, 77. Unreasonable desire. 

CrAv'Ing, a. That craves ; longing for. 

Craw, 77. The crop or first stomach of birds. 

Craw'fish or Cray'fish, 77. A crustaceous fish, 

Cravyl, v. 77. To creep ; to move as a worm. 

Crawl, 77. The well in a boat : — an enclosure cf 
hurdles for fish and turtles. 

Crawl'er, 77. One who crawls ; a creeper. 

CRAY'oN(kra'un), 77. A kind of pencil for drawing; 
a design or drawing done with a pencil or crayon. 

Craze, v. a. To break : — to make crazy. 

Cra'zed-ness, 77. Decrepitude; brokenness. 

CrA'zi-nEss, 77. Disorderof mind ; insanity. 

Cra'ZY, a. Weak ; disordered in mind ; insane. 

CRiiAK, V. 77. To make a harsh, protracted noise. 

CRiiAK'lNG, 77. A small, harsh noise. 

CRiJAM, 77. The oily part of inilk : — the best part 

CRiLAM, V. 77. To gather on the surface. 

CRiiAM, V. a. To skim off the cream. 

CRiJAM'y, a. Having the nature of cream. 

CRiS'ANCE, 77. A line fastened to a hawk's leash. 

Crijase, 77. A mark made by doubling any thing 

Crease, v. a. To mark any thing by doubling it. 

CRiJ'AT, 77. [Fr.J An usher to a riding-master. 

Cre-ate', v. a. To cause to exist ; to bring into 
being ; to make ; to produce ; to beget; to form. 

Cre-a'tion, 77. The act of creating ; that which 
is created : — the universe. 

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Cre I t;te (126), a. Having the powpr to create. 

Cke a'TOR, n. One who creates ; the Supreme 
Being whc bestows existence. 

CrEat'ure (kret'yur, 24) [kre'chiir, W. J.; krS'- 
chiir, S. ; krS'tur, E. F. Ja. ; kre'tyur, K. ; kre'- 
t&r or kret'shor, Sm.], n. A being created ; a 
man ; a brute ; any thing created : — a depend- 
ant ; a word of contempt or of tenderness. 

Cre'dence, ?!, Belief; credit; reputation. 

CRB-den' DA, n. pi. [L.] Things to bo believed. 

Cre'dent, a. Believing; easy of belief. 

CRE-Di!;N'TiAL, a. Giving a title to credit. 

Cre-den'tial, n. That which gives a title to 
credit ; testimonial. 

CRi2D-!-BiL'l-Ty, n. State of being credible. 

Cred'i-ble, a. That may be believed ; probable. 

Cred'i-ble-ness, n. Credibility. 

Cred'i-Bly, aiL In a manner that claims belief. 

Cred'it, n. Belief in the veracity, virtue, or abil- 
ity of another; belief; trust: — honor; reputa- 
tion ; esteem ; good opinion t — faith : — influence: 

— property or sum due, correlative of debt. 
Cred'it, v. a. To believe ; to trust ; to confide in. 
Cred'it-a-ble, a. Reputable; honorable; fair. 
Cred'it-a-ble-ivess, 71. Reputation; estimation, 
Ceed'it-a-bly, ad. Reputably ; honorably. 
CRiiD'iT-pR, n. One to whom a debt is owed. 
Cre-dC'li-ty, 7!. Quality of being credulous: 

easiness of belief; credulousness. 
CRED'y-Loas, a. Easy of belief ; unsuspecting. 
CR£D'y-LoOs-LY, ad. In an imsuspecting manner. 
Cred'ij-lous-ness, n. State of being credulous. 
Creed, n. A summary of articles of faith ; belief. 
Creek, v. ti. To make a harsh noise. See Ceeak. 
Creek, 7i. A small port; a bay ; aninlet; acove: 

— in some parts of America, a small river. 
Creek'y, a. Full of creeks ; winding. 
CRi^EL, 11. An osier or wicker basket. 
Creep,©. 71. [i. crept ; pp. creeping, crept.] To 

move slowly, or as a worm, insect, or reptile ; to 

crawl : — to fawn. 
Creep'er, 74. A creeping plant : — an insect: — a 

Creep'hole, 71. A retreat: — a subterfuge. 
Creep^in&-l Y, ad. In the manner of a reptile. 
Cr:^-Mo'na, 71. [It.] A superior kind of violin. 
Cre' M()R,n. [L.] A milky or creamy substance. 
Cre'nate, a. Having notches ; notched. 
Cre'Nat-ed, a. Notched , indented. 
Cre'ole, 71. A person bom m Spanish America 

or the West Indies, but of European descent. 
CriJ'P-SOTE, 7!. (Cliem.) A powerful, antiseptic, 

oily liquid, obtained from distilling tar. 
Crep'J-tate, v. n. To make a crackling noise. 
Crep-i ta'tion, 71. A small, crackling noise. 
CRiiPT, i. Sep. From Creep. 
CRE-pus'cki-LAR, a. Relating to twilight. 
JCre-pDs'cule, 71. [crepusculum,!..] Twilight. 
Creh-cen'do, 71. [It.] [Mas.) A direction to 

the performer to increase the volume of sound. 
CRiis'CENT, a. Increasing ; growing. 
CRiJs'cENT, n. The moon in her state of increase. 
Cres'cive, a. Increasing ; growing. 
CRiiss, n. A plant of several species. 
CRii.s'SET,7!. A great light or beacon ; a torch: — 

an iron frame used by coopers. 
Crest, n. A plume of feathers: — the comb of i^ 

cock: — an ornament ; a tuft: — pride; spirit. 
CRiisT, V. a. To furnish with a crest ; to streak. 
Crest'ed, a. Adorned with a plume or crest. 
CrSst'fal-len (krest'fai-ln), a. Dejected ; sunk. 
CrEst'less, a. Having no crest. 
Cre-ta'c'eoi;s (krc-triVhus), a. Chalky. 
CRii'TIC, n. A iKietic foot of three syllables. 
CRE'TiN,7i,. [Fr.] An idiot afflicted with the goitre. 
Cre'tin-i^m, n. The goitre or swelling on the 

throat; a species of idiocy. 
Cre't^sm, n. A Cretan practice ; falsehood. 
C'RF.-yAssE', n. [Fr.] A gap ; a gully ; an open- 
ing in the ombankmcnt of a river. 
Crev'ice, 7t. A crack ; a cleft ; a fissure. 

Crew (kru), n. A ship's company ; a band. 

Crew (kru), i. From Crow. [on a ball 

Crew'el (kru'el), n. Yarn twisted and wound 

Crib, n. A manger ; a stall : — a child s bed. 

Crib, v. a. To confine : — to commit petty thefts, 

Crib'baije, n. A game at cards. 

CrIb'ble, 7!. A sieve for cleaning corn. 

Crie'ri-forji, a. Having the form of a sieve. 

Crick, n. A creaking : — stiffness in the neckl 

Crick'et, n. An insect : — a stool : — a game. 

CrI'er, n. One who cries ; a crier of goods for 
sale : — an officer who proclaims publicly. 

Crime, 71. An infraction of law ; felony; a great 
fault ; misdemeanor ; vice ; sin. 

Syn. — Crime is an infraction of human law; 
sm, of the law of God. Felony is a capital crime ; 
misdemeanor is less atrocious than a crime ; vice 
IS the opposite of virtue, and is an offence against 

fCRiME'EOL, a. Wicked ; faulty in a high degree. 

Crim'I-Nal, a. Faulty ; contrary to law ; guilty. 
— Criminal conversation, adultery. Abbreviated 
to crim. con. 

Crim'i-nal, n. A person guilty of a crime. 

CRisi-i-NAL'l-TY, ?!. State of being criminal ; guilt 

CRlM'i-NAL-LY,'arf. Wickedly; guiltily. 

Crim'j-nae-ness, 71. Guiltiness. 

CRiM'i-NATE, V. a. To accuse ; to charge with 
crime ; to blame ; to censure. 

CRiil-l-NA'TlpN, 71. Act of criminating ; charge. 

CRlM'i-NA-Tp-RY, a. Accusing ; censorious. 

Crimp, a. Friable ; brittle ; easily crumbled. 

Crimp, 7i. An agent for coal-merchants, &;c. 

Crimp, v. a. To curl or crisp the hair; to plait. 

CrTm'ple, v. a. To contract ; to corrugate. 

Crim'son (krim'zn), 7i. The color of red some- 
what darkened with blue ; a deep red color. 

Crim'§on (krim'zn), a. Ofa deep red. 

Crim'son (krim'zn), v. a. To dye with crimson^ 

CRiNr^E, 71. A servile bow ; mean civility. 

Cringe, v. n. To bow ; to fawn ; to flatter. 

Crinr'er, 77. One who cringes or flatters. 

Crin'gle (kring'gl), n. (JVaut.) A hole in the 
bolt-rope ofa sail : — an iron ring. 

CRi-Niy'ER-ous, a. Hairy ; overgrown with hair. 

CkI'NITE, a. Having the appearance of hair. 

Crin'kle, v. n. To run in flexures ; to wrinkle. 

Crin'kle, v. a. To mould into inequalities. 

Crin'kle (kring'kl), 77. A wrinkle ; a sinuosity. 

fCRl-NOSE', a. Hairy ; rough ; crinite. 

Crip'ple, 77. One who is lame. 

Crip'ple, v. a. To lame ; to make lame. 

CrI'sis, 77. ,• pi. crT'sl^. The time when any af- 
fair comes to its height ; a critical time or tiU'n. 

Crisp, a. Curled ; brittle ; friable ; short ; brisk. 

Crisp, v. a. To curl ; to twist ; to indent. 

CRisP'JNG-ip'ON or -PiN, 77. A curling-iron. 

CR~ls'piTE,7i. (Jlin.) A mineral ; titanite. 

Crisp'ness, n. Quality of being curled or crisp. 

Crisp' Y, a. Curled ; crisp ; short and brittle. 

CrT-te'ri-on, 7t. [Gr.] P/. cri-te'ri-a, rarc/^ 
c'Ri-Tii'Ri-pNs;. A standard by which any thir.g 
is judged of or estimated ; a test ; a measure. 

Crit'ic, 77. One skilled in criticism ; a judge of 
literary merit ; a connoisseur ; a judge. 

Crit'ic, a. Critical ; relating to criticism. 

CRiT'i-CAL, a. Relating to criticism; exact; dis- 
cerning; captious: — relating to or producing a 
crisis ; decisive. 

CRiT'!-CAL-i V, ad. In a critical manner ; exactly. 

CRiT'i-cAij-NESS, 77. Exactness ; accuracy ; nicety. 

CRi'T'i-cT!^.E,«. a. Toexamine carefully ; to judge; 
to censure : — often written criticize. 

Crit'i-cIse, v. n. To act the critic ; to judge ; to 

CiiiT'i-cis-ER, 71. One who criticises. 

CRiT'i-c'isM, 77. The art or act of ji dging of the 
merits of* a literary performance or a work of art ; 
a remark ; aiiimndrrrsion; stricture .critique. 

Cri-tique' (kre-tOk'),7i. A critical examination; 
critical remark ; science of criticism. 

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CrTz'zle, n. Roughness on glass. 

Croak, v. n. To make a hoarse noise ; to murmur. 

Croak (krok), n. The cry of a frog or raven. 

Croak'er, n. One who croaks ; a murmurer. 

Cro'at, n. A soldier or native of Croatia. 

Croc'a-lite, 71. (^Min.) A variety of natrolite. 

Cro'ceous (kro'shus), a. Consisting of satfron. 

Cr6'che§, n. pi. Knobs on a deer's horn. 

Crock, n. A vessel made of earth : — black soot. 

Crock, v. a. To defile vvitli smut or soot. Forby. 

Cr6ck'er-v, 71. Earthen-ware. 

Crock'et, n. An architectural ornament. 

Crock'v, a. Smutty,; defiled with soot. Forby. 

Croc'o-'dile or CROc'o-DlLE [krok'o-dil, S. IV. 
P. J. E. F. ; krok'o-dil, Ja. K. Sm. C. Wb.], n. 
An animal of the lizard tribe ; a saurian. 

Cro'cus, 71. [L.] L. ;)i. cijo'cf; Eng. CRo'ciJS- 
E§. A genus of plants: — a flower: — saflfron: 
— a yellow powder ; a metal calcined. 

Croft, n. A little field near a house. 

Croi-sade', n. A holy war. See Crusade. 

Croi'se§, n. pi. Pilgrims who carry a cross. 

Crom'lejEH, n. A series of huge, broad, flat 
stones, raised upon other stones set up on end. 

Crone, n. An old ewe : — an old woman. 

Cro'ny, n. A bosom companion ; an associate. 

*CROok (kriik, 51) [kruk, P. J. F. Sm. Wb. Mares ; 
krok, S. JV. E. Ja. K. C], n. Any thing bentj a 
bend ; a curve ; a shepherd's hook. 

*Crook (kriik), v. a. To make crooked ; to bend. 

*Crook (kruk), v. n. To bend ; to be bent. 

*Crook'back (kruk'bak), n. A crooked back. 

*Crook'backed (kriik'bakt), a. Having a round 

*Crook'ed (kriik'ed), a. Bent ; not straight ; 
winding: oblique: — perverse; untoward. 

*Crook'ed-L¥ (kruk'ed-le, ad. Not in a straight 
line : — untowardly ; not compliantly. 

*Crook'ed-ness (krfik'ed-nes), n. State of being 
crooked ; curvity : — perverseness. 

Crop, ?!. The harvest ; produce : — a bird's craw. 

Crop, ?). a. To cut off; to mow ; to reap. 

Crop'-eared (krop'erd), a. Having the ears 

Crop'-oOt, v.n. (Min.) To rise above the surface. 

Crop'-sick, a. Sick from repletion. 

Crore, n. (India.) Ten millions. 

Cr5'§ier (kro'zher), n. An archbishop's staff. 

Cros'let, n. A small cross. 

*Cross (kros or kraus, 21) [kros, S. W. P. F. Ja. 
Sm. ; krtlus, J. Wb. Mares], n. One straight body 
or line placed at right angles over another : — a 
gibbet: — the ensign of the Christian religion: — 
misfortune ; vexation ; trial of patience. 

*Cr6ss, a. Transverse ; oblique : — peevish ; fretful. 

*Cross, v. a. To lay athwart : — to sign with the 
cross : — to cancel : — to pass over : — to thwart ; 
to embarrass ; to perplex ; to vex. 

*Cr6ss. v. n. To lie athwart another tiling. 

*Cr6ss'bar, n. Part of a carriage ; a lever. 

*Cr6ss'barred (kros'bard), a. Secured by bars. 

*Cross'bar-Sh5t', n. A bullet pierced by a bar. 

*Cr6ss'-Bill, n. Bill of a defendant: — a bird. 

*Cr6ss'bovv [kros'bo), 7i. A weapon for shooting. 

*Cr6ss'-Breed, 71. The offspring of parents of 
different breeds; — applied to animals. 

*Cr6ss'bun, n. A cake marked with a cross. 

*CR6ss-E3f-SM-l-NA'TlpN, 71. Act of cross-ex- 
amining ; examination of a witness of one party 
by the opposite party. 

*C'R6ss-E)i:-AM'!NE, V. a. To examine a witness 
produced by the opposite party ; to cross-question. 

♦Cross'-eyed (-Id), a. Having cross-eyes, or hav- 
ing both eyes turned towards the nose. 

*Cr6ss'-grained (kros'grand), a. Having the 
fibres transverse : — ill-natured ; troublesome. 

*Cr6ss'ing, 77. An impediment ; opposition. 

*CR6ss'-L)iGGED (-legd), a. Having the legs 

*Cr6ss'let, n. See Croslet. [crossed. 

*Cr6ss'l y, ad. Athwart ; adversely : — peevishly. 

*Cr6ss'ness, n. Transverseness : — peevishness. 

*CRoss'puR-PpSE, n. A kind of enigma or riddle. 

*Cr6ss-ques'tion, v. a. To cross-examine. 

*Cr6ss'-Road, n. A road across the country. 

*Cr6ss'-Way, 77. A path crossing the chief road. 

*Cr6ss'-VYind, n. A wind blowing across a course. 

*Cr6ss' wi§E, ad. In form of a cross : — across. 

Crotch, n. A hook : — the fork of a tree. 

Crotch'ed, a. Having a crotch ; forked. 

Crotch'et, 7!. A note in music equal tohalf amin- 
ini:— a piece of timber for a support: — marks 
or hooks in printing, [thus] : — a fancy ; a vvliim. 

CR(3 0ch, v. n. To stoop low ; to fawn ; to cringe. 

CroOch'ed-FrI'ar, 77. One of an order of friars. 

Croup (krop), 71. The rump of a fowl ; the but- 
tocks of a horse : — a disease in the throat. 

Crou-pade', 77. [FrJ A higher leap than a curvet. 

Croup'ER, 77. See Crupper. 

Crow (kro), 77. A large, black, carnivorous bird : 

— the noise of the cock : — an iron lever. 
Crow (kro), v. n. \i. crew or crowed ; pp. crow. 

iNG, crowed.] To make the noise of a cock : .^ 
to boast ; to exult ; to bluster. 

Crow'-Bar, n. A strong iron bar, used as a lever. 

Crovvd, 77. A confused multitude ; the populace. 

Crovvd, v. a. To press close together ; to fill 
confusedly; to encumber; to urge. 

Crowd, v. n. To swarm; to be numerous. 

Crow'dy, 77. Food made of oat-meal, &c. ; food 
made of bread boiled in milk. 

Crow'foot (kro'fut), 77. A flower ; crow's-foot. 

Crow'keep-er, 77. A scarecrow. 

Crown, 77. A diadem worn on the heads of em- 
perors, kings, and other sovereigns : — top of the 
head : — regal power : — honor : — a silver coin : 

— a garland : — completion. 

Crown, v. a. To invest with the crown: to dig- 
nify ; to adorn : — to reward : — to complete. 

Crovvn'-Glass, 77. A fine sort of window-glass. 
It differs from flint glass in containing no oxide ot 

Cro\Vn'-Im-pe'ri-al,77. a large, beautiful flower. 

Crown'ing-, 77. Tlie finishing of any decoration. 

Crown'ing, p. a. Investing with a crown: — 
completing : — rising in the middle. 

Crown'-Saw, 77. A kind of circular saw. 

Crown'- Wheel, n. The upper wheel of a watch. 

Crow'§'-foot (-fiat), 77. ; pi. crow'§'-feet. 
Wrinkles under the eyes : — a plant and flower. 

Cru'ci-al (kru'she-al), a. Transverse ; crossing. 

CrO'ci-ate (kriJ'she-at), a. (Bot.) Like a cross. 

CriI'ci-ble, 77. A chemist's melting-pot. 

Crij-cIf'er-oOs, a. Bearing or having a cross. 

CrO'ci-fi-er, 77. One who crucifies. 

CRtJ'ci-Fix, 77. A representation, in painting or 
sculpture, of Christ on the cross. 

CrO-ci-fix'ion (kriJ-se-flk'shun), J7. The act of 
crucifying: — the death of Christ. 

CrO'ci-form, a. Having the form of a cross. 

CrO'ci-fy, 7). a. To put to death by nailing to tile 
cross : — to subdue by religious influence. 

Cru-ci^^'er-oijs, a. Bearing the cross. 

CriJde, a. Raw ; harsh ; unripe ; undigested. 

CrOde'ly, ad. In a crude manner. 

CrDde'ness, n. State of being crude ; rawness. 

CrC'di-ty, 77. Unripeness; rawness; crudeness. 

CrC'el, a. Inhuman ; hard-hearted ; savage. 

Syn. — Cruel disposition or action ; inlmman 
practice ; hard-hearted villain ; savage or barbarous 
custom ; brutal conduct ; unmerciful creditor. 

CrO'el-lv, ad. In a cruel manner. 

CrC'el-ness, 77. Inliumanity ; cruelty. 

CrO'el-ty, 77. Quality of being cruel ; barbarity. 

CriT'et, 77. A vial for vinegar or oil. 

CriIise (krus), 77. A small cup. See Cruse. 

CRtll.^E (kruz), 77. Voyage in search of plunder. 

CrCi^e, 7;. 7(. To rove in search of plunder. 

CRfIl§'ER, 77. A person or vessel that cruises. 

CrDmb or CrT/M, 77. The soft part of bread ; — a 
small particle of bread : — a fragment. — The weight 
of authority from etymology and the Diction- 
aries, is in favor of cr7i777 ; that of usage, of crumb. 

A, E,I, O, U, Y, lonffj X, E,T, 6, G,^, short! a, E, I, <?,V,Y, oJscure.— FARE, FAR, FAST, ALL; HEIR, HER,- 




CrOmb, v. a. To break into crumbs or small pieces. 

CrDm'ble, v. a. & n. To break into small pieces. 

CrOm'my, a. Soft; consisting of crumbs. 

CrDmp, a. Crooked: — brittle. Forby. 

CrCim'pet, n. A kind of soft cake. 

Crum'ple, v. a. To draw into wrinkles. 

Crum'ple, v. n. To shrink up ; to contract. 

Cri5m'pled (krum'pld), a. Twisted; crooked. 

Crum'pling, n. A small, degenerate apple. 

Crv' OR, n. [L.j Gore; coagulated blood. 

CrDp'per [krup'^per, S. JV. P.J.E.F.Ja.K. Sm. ; 
krup'per, Wb.], n. A leather passing under a 
horse's tail, to keep a saddle right. 

CrO'RAL, a. Belonging to the leg. 

Cru-sade', 71. [croisade, Fr.] An expedition under 
the banner of the cross, as against the infidels of 
the Holy Land : — a coin stamped with a cross. 

Cru-sad'er, n. One employed in a crusade. 

CrOse, n. A small cup or vial ; a cruet. 

CRt7'SET, n. A goldsmith's melting-pot. 

Crush, v. a. To squeeze ; to bruise ; to subdue. 

CRtJSH, n. A collision ; act of rushing together. 

Crust n. The hard, outer part of bread ; an ex- 
ternal coat, covering, or case. 

Crust, v. a. To envelop ; to cover with a case. 

CriJst, v. n. To gather or contract a crust. 

Crvs-ta'ce-a, 71. pi. (Zodl.) A class of articu- 
lated animals, having a shelly coating or crust. 

Crus-ta'cean (-shan), n. A crustaceous animal. 

CRUS-TA-CE-'oL'o-qiY, n. That part of zoology 
which treats of crustaceous animals. 

Crus-ta'ceous (krus-ta'shus), a. Relating to the 
Crustacea ; shelly ; jointed. [shells. 

Crvs-ta'ceous-ness, n. The having jointed 

Crus-ta'ti9N,?i. Adherent covering ; incrustation. 

CrDst'I-LY, ad. Peevishly ; snappishly. 

Crust'j-ness, n. Quality of crust ; peevishness. 

CRiJST'y,a. Covered with a crust: — morose; surly. 

Crijtch, 71. A support used by cripples. 

CrOtch, v. a. To support on crutches, as a cripple. 

Crux, n. ; pi. cru'cb^. [L.] Across; anything 
very tormenting or difficult. — Crux criticorum, 
the greatest difficulty that can occur to critics. 

Cry, v. n. To call aloud ; to exclaim ; to clamor : 

— to weep as a child ; to lament. 
Cry, v. a. To proclaim ; to make public. 

Cry, 77. Lamentation ; shriek ; weeping : — clamor. 

Crv'er, n. A hawk. See Crier. 

Crypt, n. A subterranean cell or cave ; a grave. 

Cryp'tic or CRii'P'Ti-CAL, a. Hidden ; secret. 

Cryp-tq-gam'ic, ) a. Having the fructification 

Cryp-Tog'A-mous, \ concealed, as plants. 

Cryp-to&'a-my, 77. A concealed fructification. 

Cryp-tog'ra-phy, n. Art of writing in cipher. 

CRYP-ToL'p-'i^tY, 77. Enigmatical language. 

Crys'tal, n. A regular, solid body: — a superior 
kind of glass : — the glass of a watch-case. 

Crys'tal, a^ Consisting of crystal ; crystalline. 

Crys'tal-line or Crys'tal-lIne [kris'tal-lTn 
or kris'tal-lin, S. W. F. K. ; kris'tal-lln, J. Ja.; 
kris'tal-lTn, S777.], a. Consisting of or like crys- 
tal ; transparent ; clear. 

Or YS-TAL-Lj-z a'tion, 77. Act of crystallizing. 

Crys'Tal-lize, v. a. To form into crystals. 

Crys'tal-lize,«. 7t. To be converted into crystals. 

CRYS-TAi^-LdG'RA-PHy,7i. The doctrine or science 
of crj'staliization. 

CDb, 77. The young of a beast, as a bear or fox. 

CDb, i;. 77. To bring forth : — used of beasts. 

CO'BA-Tp-RY, a. Recumbent ; lying down. 

CO'ba-ture, n. The findingof the cubic contents. 

Cube, ti. A square solid body, of six square and 
equal sides, and containing equal angles : — the 
product of a number multiplied twice into itself. 

— Cube root, the number that produces the cube, 
as 3 is the cube root of 27. 

Cu'b£b, 77. A small, spicy, dried berry. 

CO'Bjc, j a. Relating to or having the form of 

CO'bi-cal, ( a cube. 

CD'Bi-CAL-LY, ad. In a cubical method or form. 

Cu'B(-CAL-Niiss, 77. The state of being cubical. 

Cu'bi-form, a. Of the shape of a cube. 

Cu'BiT, 77. The forearm: — the bone of the arm 

from the elbow to the wrist : — a measure. — Tha 

Hebrew cubit was nearly 22 inches ; the Roman, 

V7k ; the English is 18 inches. 
CO'bi-tal, a. Containing the length of a cubit. 
CO'EI-ziT, n. {Min.) Cubic zeolite. 
Cu'boid, ) a. Relating to or resembling a 
Cu-boId'al, j cube. [scolds. 

Cuck'ing-Stool, 77. An engine for punishing 
CDcK'OLD, 77. The husband of an adulteress. 
CucK'OLD, V. a. To wrong a husband by adultery. 
CucK'pL-DOM, 77. Adultery; state of a cuckold- 
COcK'66, 77. A wejl-known bird. 
Cy-CUL'LATE or Cu'cyL-LATE, a. Hooded. 
Cu'cCtm-ber [ku'kilm-ber, £. Ja. K. Sin. R. C ; 

kbu'kum-ber, S. W. P. F. Kenrick, Scott; kuk'- 

uni-ber, ./.], 77. A plant, and its fruit. 
Cu'cuR-Bl'T, 71. A gourd-shaped chemical vessel 
Cy-ciJR-Bl-TA'cEOVS (-shus), a. Resembling a 

Cud, 77. Food reposited in the first stomach of an 

animal in order to rumination. 
Cijd'dle, v. 77. To lie close or snug ; to hug. 
CDd'dy, 77. An apartment in a ship ; a cabin ol 

cook-room : — a three-legged stand : — a clown. 
Cud'^el, 77. A short stick to strike with. 
Cud'(^el, v. a. To beat with a stick. 
COd'^el-ler, 77. One who cudgels another. 
Cue (ku), 77. The tail or end of any thing: — a 

hint ; intimation: — a rod used in playing billiards. 
CVERPO (kwer'po), 77. [Sp.] Bodily shape. — 

To be 777 cuerpo, is to be without full dress. 
CiJFF, 77. A blow with the fist; a box ; stroke: — 

the fold at the end of a sleeve. 
Cuff, u. 77. To fight. — v. a. To strike. 
Cul bo'no (ki'bo'no), [L.] To whose benefit will 

it tend .' to what end, or what good .' 
CuI-rXss' (kwe-ras' or kwe'ras) [kwe-ras', W. F. 

Ja. JVb. C. ; ku'ras, S. K. ; kwe'ras, P. J. Sm.], 

77. A breastplate. [armor. 

CuI-RAS-siER' (kwe-ras-ser'), n. A soldier in 
CuiSH (kwTs) [kwis, W. J. F. Ja. Sm. C. Wb. ; 

kush, S. ^. ; kwish. P.], 77. Armor for the thighs. 
Cui-^ine' (kwe-zen'), n. [Fr.] A kitchen : — 

CuissE (kwis), 71. [Fr.] Cuish. See Cuish. 
CUL-DEE§' [kul'dez, S. J. F. Wb. ; kul-d5z', TV. 

Ja. Sm.], 77. pi. Monks in Scotland and Ireland. 
Cu'li-na-ry, a. Relating to the kitchen or cookery. 
Cull, v. a. To select from others ; to pick out. 
CiJLL'ER, 77. One who culls or chooses. 
Cull'iqn (kiil'yun), 77. A scoundrel ; a wretch. 
CiJLL'lON-LY (kul'yun-le), a. Mean ; base; vile. 
COl'lis, 77. (.Srch.) A gutter in a roof. 
Cul'ly, 77. A man deceived ; a mean dupe. 
Cul'ly, v. a. To befool ; to cheat. 
Cul'l Y-I§M, 77. The state of a cully. 
Culm, 77. A kind of fossil coal : — stem of grass. 
Cul' MEN, 77. [L.] A summit ; a roof. 
CuL-MiF'ER-otfs, a. Producing stalks. 
CDl'mi-nate, v. 77. To be vertical or in the me- 
ridian ; to rise to the highest point. 
CuL'Ml-NAT-iNG, p. a. Rising to the top. 
CDl-mi-na'tiqn, 77. Act of culminating: — transit 

of a planet through the meridian : — top or crown. 
COl-pa-bi'l'i-ty, 77. State of being culpable. 
CtiL'PA-BLE, a. Criminal ; guilty ; blamabie. 
CuL'PA-BLE-Nfiss, 77. Blamableness ; guilt. 
Cul'pa-BLY, ad. In a culpable manner. 
CDl'prit, 77. A person arraigned ; a criminal. 
CDl'ti-va-Ble, a. Capable of cultivation. 
CuL'xi-VATE, V. a. To improve by tillage, care^ 

or study ; to till ; to labor on. 
CDl'TI-vat-ed, p. a. Improved by culture ; fillei. 
COl-TI-VA'tion, 77. Act of cultivating ; culture. 
S7/77. — Cultivation of the earth or corn ; cultur* 

of the earth. 
COl'ti-va-TOR, 77. One who cultivates ; farmer. 
CuL'TRATE, a. Shaped like a coulter or knife. 
COlt'vrE (kult'yur), 77. Cultivation; tillage. 

MlENjS'lR; MOVE, NOR,SdNj BOLL, BUR, rOlE.— 9, ^, g, w/t; £, G, g, |, /iflrd; ^asz; If a* gB 




C&LT'yRE (kiilt'yui), V. a. To cultivate. 

CtJL'VER, 11. A pigeon or dove. 

COl'ver-HoOse, n. A dove-cot. 

COl'ver-i'n [kul'ver-in, S. ir. P J. E. F. K. Sm.; 
kul've-ren, Ja.], n. A species of ordnance. 

Cul'vert, 71. An arched drain for tlie passage of 
water : — an arched bridge or passage. 

CuL'vER-TAIL, 71. Dovetail : — amode of fastening. 

Cum'bent, a. Lying down ; recumbent. 

Cum'ber, v. a. To embarrass ; to encumber. 

fCuM'BER, n. Vexation ; encumbrance. 

Cum'ber-some, a. Troublesome ; burdensome. 

COm'ber-some-lv, ad. In a troublesome mamier. 

Cum'ber-some-ness, n. Encumbrance. 

Cum'brance, n. Hinderance ; encumbrance. 

CC'M'BRoys, a. Troublesome ; burdensome. 

Cum' IN, n. An aromatic, annual plant. 

Ctj'MU-LATE, V. a. To accumulate. 

Cu-MU-la'tion, 11. Accumulation. 

Cu'MU-LA -Ti VE, a. Consisting of parts heaped up. 

Cu-NAB' U--LA, 11. pi. [L. cradles.] A term applied 
to copies now existing of the first printed books, 
or to such as were printed in the I5th century. 

fCUNC-TA'TlQN, 11. Delay ; procrastination. 

CuNC-TA'TOK, n. [L.] One who delays ; a lin- 

Cu'ne-^l, a. Relating to or like a wedge. 

Cu'n^-at-ed, a. Made in form of a wedge. 

Cu-NE'l-FORM [ku-ne'e-fdrm, S. W. P. Ja. Svi. C. ; 
kii'ne-fdrm, K. Pf^b.], a. Formed like a wedge. 

Cun'ni'ng, a. Skilful ; artful ; sly ; subtle ; crafty. 
Syn. — A cunning fortune-teller ; an artful or crafty 
politician ; a sly manager ; a subtle disputant. 

COn'ning, n. [fKnowledge :] artifice ; slyness ; art. 

CDN'NiNG-LY, ad. In a cunning manner ; slyly. 

CCk'ning-nEss, n. Artifice ; slyness. 

Ci?P . n. A drinking vessel : — a part of a flower. 

COp v. a. To draw blood by scarification. 

COp'bear-er (kiip'bAr-er), n. An officer of a 
king's household ; an attendant at a feast. 

*CiJP'BOARD (kiib'burd) [kiib'biird, S. W. F. Ja. 
C. ; kap'bord, P. Wb. ; kiap'burd, J. ; kiib'bord, 
Sm.], 11. A case witli shelves for provisions, &c. 

*CiJP'BOARD (kub'burd), v. a. To hoard up. 

Cu'pel, n. A shallow vessel, crucible, or cup, 
used in assaying the precious metals. 

Cu-pel-la'tion, n. Act of assaying or refining 
the precious metals. 

Cup'gAll, n. A gall found on oak-leaves. 

Cu-PiD'i-TY, n. Unreasonable desire or hanker- 
ing ; concupiscence ; avarice. 

Cv'PQ-LA,n. [It.] A dome ; an arched roof. 

COp'per, n. One who cups ; a scarifier. 

COp'ping, 71. A method of letting blood. 

Cup'ping-Glass, n. A vessel used for cupping. 

Cu'PRE-oOs, a. Coppery: consisting of copper. 

Cy'PRiF-ER-oDs, a. Producing copper. 

CO'PULE, 71. {Bot.) The cup of the acorn, &c. 

CtJR, n. A dog : — a snappisli, mean man. 

CUR'A-BLE, a. That may be cured or healed. 

Cur'a-ble-NESS, n. State of being curable. 

Cu'ra-cy, n. Office or employment of a curate. 

Cu'rate, n. A clergyman hired to perform the 
duties of another ; a parish priest. See Cler- 

Cu'rate-ship, n. The office of a curate ; curacy. 

Cu'R^-tive, a. Relating to the cure of diseases. 

Cu-ra'tor, 71. [L.] One who has the care of 
something ; a superintendent ; a guardian. 

Curb, 71. Part of a bridle : — restraint; inhibition: 
— a frame round the mouth of a well. 

Curb, v. a._ To restrain ; to check ; to bridle. 

CiJRB'-STONE, 71. A thick stone placed at the edge 
of a stone pavement, or by a well. 

CuR-cu'Lf-6, n. [L.] {F.nt.) A name applied 
to a family of beetles, embracing the corn-weevil 
and other species, which are destructive to fruits. 

CiJRD, 71. The coagulated part of milk, or any liquid. 

Curd, v. a. To turn to curds ; to curdle. 

CcJR'dle, v. 71. To coagulate ; to concrete. 

Cur'dle, v. a. To cause to coagulate. 

CtJRD'Y, a. Coagulated ; concreted. 

Cure, n. A remedy ; a restorative : — act of heal< 

ing : — the benefice or employment of a curate. 
Cure, v. a. To heal j to restore to health: — to 

salt and preserve. 

Syn. — Cure a disease ; heal a wound ; remedy a 

Cure'less, a. Without cure ; without remedy. 
CuR'ER,_7i. One who cures ; a healer. 
CtJR'FEW, 71. An evening bell, formerly a signal 

in England for extinguishing fires : — a fire-plate. 
Cu'Rf-A,n. [L.] A court ; a court-house. 
Cu-Ri-6s'i-TY, 11. Quality of being curious ; in- 

quisitiveness : — something rare j a rarity ; a sight. 
Cu-Ri-6^ ^6, 11. fit.] A curious person ; virtuoso. 
Cu'ri-oCs, a. Inquisitive ; rare ; accurate ; nice. 
Cu'Rl-otis-LY, ad. In a curious manner. 
Cu'Ri-ous-Nfiss, 11. Inquisitiveness ; nicety. 
CiJRL, 7i. A ringlet of hair ; wave; ilexure. 
Cure, v. a. To turn tlie hair in ringlets ; to twist 
CtJRL, v.ji. To shrink into ringlets ; to bend. 
CfiR'LE w (kiir'lu), n. A kind of water-fowl. 
CiJRL'l-NiiSS, 71. The state of being curly. 
CiJRL'v, a. Having curls ; tending to curl ; curled. 
Cur-mud'geqn (kur-miid'jun), 71. An avaricious, 

churlish fellow ; a miser ; a niggard ; a churl. 
Cur-mud'9^eon-i,y, a. Avaricious ; churlish. 
Cur'rant [kiir'rant, P. E. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; kiir'- 

ran, S. fV. J. F.], n. A shrub and its fruit. 
CtJR'REN-CY, 71. Circulation; flow: — the money 

of a country, or the paper passing as money. 
Cur'RENt, a. Generally received ; common ; gen- 
eral ; popular : — passable : — now passing. — Cur- 
rent money, money that passes at a fixed value. 
Cur'rent, 11. A running stream ; course. 
Cur-rSn'te cal'a-mo, [L.] With a running pen. 
Cijr'rent-ly', ad. In a cureent manner. 
Ct5R'RENT-NESS, 71. Circulation ; general recep. 

COr'ri-cle, n. An open chaise with two wheels, 
C0r'bi-er,7j. One who dresses and pares leather. 
Cur'rish, a. Like a cur ; brutal ; sour ; morose. 
Ci'K'BlsH-l,Y, ad. In a brutal or surly manner. 
Ct'B'RlSH-NESS, 71. Moroseness; churlishness. 
Cur'ry, v. a. To dress leather: — to beat; to 

drub ; to rub, as a horse : — to tickle by flattery. 
Cur'ry, n. A highly-spiced Indian mixture. 
Ct'R'RV-coMB (kur're-kom), n. An iron comb for 

currying horses. 
Curse, v. a. To wish evil to; to execrate; to 

CiJRSE, V. 71. To utter imprecations. 
Curse, n. Woe denounced against an enemy or 

an offender ; a maledictioyi ; affliction ; torment. 
CiJR'sED, a. Blasted by a curse ; deserving a curse ; 

hatefiil : — unholy. 
CtiR'SED-LY, ad. Miserably; shamefully. 
CiJR'SED-NESS, 71. State of being under a curse. 
CURS'ER, n. One who utters curses. 
CiJB'SHlp, 11. Dogship : — meanness. 
CuR'sj-TpR,7i. [L.J (Law.) A clerk in the chan> 

CliR'siVE, a. Running ; rapid. 
CiJR'so-Ri-LY, ad. In a cursory manner; hastily. 
CliR'sp-RJ-NEss, n. Slight attention. 
CiiR'sp-Ry, a. Hasty ; quick ; slight ; careless. 
Syn. — Cursory remark ; hasty answer ; quick 

reply ; slight notice ; careless habit. 
CifR'SUS, It, [L.] A course ; a race. 
Curt, a. Short; curtailed; mutilated. 
CVR-TAIL', V. a. To cut off; to shorten; to 

CvR-tail'er, 71. One who cuts off any thing. 
CiiR'TAiN (kiir'tjn), n. A cloth hanging round a 

bed, at a window, or in a theatre. — (Fort.) Part 

of a wall between two bastions. 
Cur'tain, v. a. To accommodate with curtains. 
CiiB'TAL, n. A horse with a docked tail. 
Cur'TAL, a. Brief or abridged ; curtailed. 
CiJR'Ti-i-AqjE, n. (Law.) A court-yard near a 


A, E, I, O, U, y, long ; X, £, 1,6,0, $■, short ; A, E, }, <;), V, ¥, obscure fAbe, far, fast, All, b£ir, iieR; 




C Jut' sy. See Courtesy. 

Cj'RtlLi;,a. Belonging to a chariot. 

CiJR'vA-TED, a. Bent; crooked; curved. 

CyR-VA'TlpN, n. Act of bending or crooking. 

CiJR'VA-TURE, n. Crookedness; curve; flexure. 

Curve (kiirv), a. Crooked ; bent ; inflected. 

Curve, v. a. To bend ; to crook ; to inflect. 

CiJRVE, n. Any thing bent : ■ -part cf a circle. 

Cur- vet' oj-Cur'vet [l:ur-vet', S. W. P. J. F. 
J3.; kiir'vet, jBT Sm. C. Jfu.], «. ?j. To loap, as 
a liorse ; to bound ; to tiisk. 

Cue' VET [kur-vet', S. W. P. J. E. F. ; kUr'vet, 
Ja. K. Sm C.], n. A leap ; a bound ; a frolic. 

CiJR-vj-LfN'E-AL,, a. Same as curvilinear. 

CtJR-vi-LlN'E-AR [kiir-ve-lin'yar, S. JV. E. F. Ja. 
K, Sm. ; kUr-ve-lin'e-?r, P. J. R. C] , a. Con- 
sisting of a curved line ; composed of curved lines. 

CiJR'vi-TY, ™. Crookedness; curvature. 

COsh'at, n. The wood-pigeon or ring-dove. 

COsH'tON (kush'un), ?;. A pillow for a seat. 

COsH'lONED (kush'und), a. Seated on a cushion. 

Cusp, n. A point ; the point or horn of the moon. 

Cijs'pi-D^L, a. Sharp ; ending in a point. 

CDs'pi-dat-ed, a. Ending in a point : pointed. 

Cvs' PIS, n. [L.] The sharp end of a thing. 

Cus'T.^RD, n. Food made of eggs, milk, sugar, &c. 

Cus-To'Di-AL, a. Relating to custody ; guarding. 

Cils-To'Di-AN, n. A keeper ; a curator. 

CiJS'Tp-DY, n. Imprisonment ; care ; security. 

Cus'TpM, 71. The frequent repetition of the same 
act; habit; habitual practice; usage: — patron- 
age: — duties on exports and imports. See Taxes. 
Syn. — Custom is a frequent repetition of the 
same act ; habit is the efTect of such repetition ; 
fashion is the custom of numbers ; usage, the habit 
of numbers. 

COs'TOM-A-BLE, a. Common ; liable to duties. 

Cus'tom-a-ble-ness, n. Conformity to custom. 

Cus'TpM-A-BLY, od. According to custom. 

Cits'TpM-A-Ri-LY, ad. Habitually ; commonly. 

Cfis'TCM-A-Rl-NESS, n. Frequency ; commonness. 

CiJS'TpM-A-RY, a. Conformable to custom ; usual. 

CDs'TpM-ER, ru An accustomed buyer ; a dealer. 

CDs'TpM-HousE, n. A house where the duties 
Tipon goods, imported or ex|Kirted, are collected. 

Cus'tu-ma-ry, n. A book of laws and customs. 

Cut, ■«. a. [i. cut; -pp. cutting, cut.] To make 
an incision ; to divide ; to hew ; to carve ; to 
pierce: — to shun ; to avoid. [Low.] 

Cut, v. n. To make use of an edged tool. 

Cut, n. A gash or wound made by an edged tool ; 
a blow : — a printed picture : — fashion ; shape. 

Cy-TA'NE-ous, a. Relating to the skin ; cuticular. 

Cute, a. Sharp ; shrewd ; acute. [Vulgar.] 

Cu'ti-cle, n. The exterior membranous covering 
of the body ; the scarf-skin : — a thin skin. 

Cu-TTc'u-LAR,a. Belonging to the skin or cuticle. 

CuT'LASS, n. A broad cutting sword. 

CDt'ler, 71. One who makes or sells knives, &c. 

CTit'ler-y, n. A cutler's business or ware. 

CiJT'LET, 7(. A small piece of meat ; a steak. 

CuT'piiRSE, 7!. A pickpocket ; a thief 

CrjT'TER,_n. One that cuts: — a fast-sailing vessel. 

CTit'throat, 71.. A murderer ; an assassin. 

COt'throat (kut'tlirot), a. Cruel ; inhuman. 

CfiT'TjNG, 71. A piece cut off; a chop ; a branch. 

CDt'tle,71. a sort offish: — [favilo fclli w. Shak.] 

C&t'-Wa-ter, n. The fore part of a ship's prow : 
— ' the lower portion of n pior, I 

Cut'-WORM (-wurm), n. A destructive insect. 

Cv'an-Ide, 71. (Chem.) A compound of cyanic 
acid with a base. 

Cy'an-ite, 71. A mineral of blue color. 

Cy-an'o-^-en, 71. (Chem.) A gas of strong odor. 

Cy-a-n6m'e-ter, 71. An instrument for meas- 
uring the jntensity of the color of the sky. 

Cy-an'p-TYPE, n. A species of photography. 

Cy'cle, n. A revolution of a certain period ot 
time ; a periodical space of time : — a circle. 

Cy'cloId, n. (Oeom.) A kind of geometrical 
curve, which is traced out by any point of a circle 
rolling on a straight line. 

Cv-cloid'al, a. Relating to a cycloid. 

Cy-cl6m'e-try, n. Art of measuring cycles. 

Cy-clo-PjE'di-a (si-klo-pe'de-a), n. A circle ot 
dictionary of the arts and sciences : — an encyclo- 

Cy-clp-pe'AN or Cy-clo'pe-AN [sl-klo-pii'an, 
Ja. sin. R. C. JVb. ; si-klo'pe-an, K. Ash, Braiide], 
a. Relating to the Cyclops ; vast ; terrific. 

Cy-cl6p'ic, a. Vast; terrific; Cyclopean. 

Cv'der, 71. See Cidek. 

Cyg'net (sig'net), n. A young swan. 

Cyl'in-der, n. A long, round body ; a roller. 

Cy-lTn'dric, > a. Formed like or resembling 

Cy-lTn'dri-cae, \ a cylinder. 

CvL'iN-DRoiD, 7^. A Ixidy resembling a cylinder. 

Cy'mA, 77. [L.] {Arch.) A moulding ; cyme. 

Cy-Mar', 71. A slight covering ; a scarf; simar. 

Cym'bal, n. An ancient musical instrument. 

CymEj7i. {Bat.) An infloiescence ; cyma. 

Cy-mose', a. Relating to or like a cyme. 

Cy-nan'jGHE, 7i. {Med.) A disease of the throat ; 
a species of quinsy or croup. 

Cy-nan'thrp-py, n. A sort of canine madness. 

Ci'N-ARC-TOM'A-leHY, 71. Bear-baiting with a 

fCvN-E-^ET'lCS, 7!. pi. Art of hunting with dogs. 

Cvn'ic, n. A follower of Diogenes ; a snarling 
philosopher : — a morose man ; a snarler. 

Cyn'ic, ) a. Having the qualities of a surly 

CvN'i-CAL, j dog; snarling; snappish. 

("vN'i-cisM, n. ftiisanthropy ; moroseness. 

Cy'np-sure [si'no-sur, S. £. ; sin'o-siir, J. Wb.; 
sin'9-shiir or sl'no-shur, W. ; sin'o-sur or si'no- 
sur, F. ,• si'no-shur, Ja. ; sl'n9-zur or si'no-zhor, 
Sin.],n. The star near the north pole, by which 
sailors steer : — point of attraction ; any thing 
used as a guide. 

Cy'pher. See Cipher. 

Cy'press, n. A tree ; an emblem of mourning. 

C YP'RI-AN, a. Relating to Cyprus : — lewd. 

Cyp'rine,71. {Mill.) A variety of green garnet. 

Cy'PRUS, 77. A thin, transparent stuff. 

C\'R-i-P-l69'ic, a. Relating to capital letters. 

Cyst, n. A bag containing morbid matter. 

Cyst'ED, a. Enclosed in a bag or cyst. 

Cys'tic, a. Contained in a bag or cyst. 

Cys'to-cele, n. {Med.) A hernia or rupture 
arising from the protrusion of the bladder. 

Cys-tot'v-my, 71. {Surg.) The operation of cut- 
ting into the bladder, or the opening of incysted 

CfT'i-sOs, 71. [L.] A genus of shrubs: — trefoil. 

Czar (zar), 71. The title of the emperor of Russia. 

CZA-Ri'NA (za-rS'iiFi), 71. The empress of Russia. 

CzXr'p-vv'Itz (zar'9.wits), n. The title of the 
Czar's oldest sou. 


Dthe fourth letter and third consonant of the 
J alphabet, is a dental and mute, and has a uni- 
form sound, nearly approaching to that of t. — D 
is used as a key in music: — as an abbreviation, 
it stands for doctor ; as, D. D., doctor of divinity ; 

M. D., doctor of medicine: — as a numeral, foi 

DXb, v. a. To strike gently ; to touch ; to slap. 
DXb, ;i. A small lump: — a gentle blow: — a soft 

substance : — an adept ; a dabster ; an artist. 

MiEN,siRj m6ve,nor, s6nj bOll, bur, rOle. — 9,5>, g,so/l;£,xi,s,g,/iar(i; §asz J ¥a»g«: s'Uis. 




DXb'ble, v. a. To smear; to daub ; to spatter. 

DiB'BLE, V. n. To play in water : — to tamper. 

Dab'bler, n. One who dabbles or meddles. 

Dab'chick, n. A small water-fowl. 

DXb'ster, w. An adept in any thing. [Vulgar.] 

Da cd'p'o, [It.] (Jl/it^-.) Again ; signifying that 
the first part of the tune should oe repeated. 

Dace, n. A small river-fl»h like the roach. 

Dac't?l, n. [dactijliis, L.] A poetical foot con- 
sisting of one long syllable and two short ones. 

Dac-t?l'ic [dak-tll'ik, Ja. Are. ; dak'te-lik, K. 
Ifb.], a.' Relating to the dactyl. 

DXc-Ti'Li'l-p-GLSPH, n. A name inscribed on a 

Dac-tvl-I-og'ra-phy, n. Gem-engravmg. 

Dac'tvl-ist, n. One who writes flowing verse. 

DXc-TyL-oi.'p-^v', n. Art of conversing by the 

Dac-tvl'p-mXn-cy, n. Divination by the fingers. 

Dad or Dad'dy, n. A child's terra for father. 

Da'do, 7i. [It.] Plain part of a column ; the die. 

D^.-da'li-an, a. Like a labyrinth ; dedalous. 

fDAFF, V. a. To toss aside ; to put otf ; to daunt. 

Daf'fo-dil or Daf'fo-dil-ly, n. The narcissus. 

Dag'j&er, n. A short sword ; poniard : — mark [t]. 

DA&'£tER§-DRAW'lNG, n. A drawing of daggers. 

Dag'gle, v. a. To trail in mire or water; to 

DXg'gle, v. n. To pass through wet or dirt. 

DXg'GLE-tail, a. Bemired ; bespattered. 

DXg'lock, n. A loose end of a lock of wool. 

Da-guisrre'O-type (da-5er'o-tip), n. A method 
of fixing images, by means of the camera obscura, 
on metal plates ; — invented by M. Dagucrre. 

DA-GUiiRRE-o-TSp'lc, a. Relating to daguerreo- 

Dah'li-a [da'le-a, Sm. ; da'le-a, Wb. Ogilvie, 
Boag ; dal'e-a, Craig], n. A plant and beautiful 
flower ; — called by some georgina. 

Dai'ly (da'le), a. Happening every day ; diurnal. 
Syn. — Daily occurrences ; diurnal motion of 
the earth ; quotidian fever. 

Dai'ly, ad. Every day ; very often. 

Dain'ti-ly, ad. Delicately ; nicely ; fastidiously. 

Dain'ti-NjESS, n. Delicacy ; fastidiousness. 

Dain'ty, a. Delicious ; fine ; nice : squeamish. 

Dain'tv, n. Something nice or delicate ; a tidbit. 

Dai'by (da're), n The making of butter and cheese : 

— the place where milk is preserved or made into 
butter, <Stc. ; a milk farm. 

Dai'rv-MAID, 71. A female who manages a dairy. 

DX'is or Dais, n. [Fr.] A platform or raised floor. 

Dai'^ied (da'zid), a. Full of daisies. 

Dai'ly (da'ze), n. A perennial plant and flower. 

Dale, n. A spacp between hills ; a vale ; valley. 

DXl'li-ance, n. Mutual caresses ; acts of fond- 
ness: — [fdelay ; procrastination. S/iak.] 

Dal'li-er, n. A trifler ; a fondler. 

DXl'ly, v. n. To trifle ; to fondle : — to delay. 

DXm, n. A mole or bank to confine water : — a fe- 
male parent, used ol beasts. 

DXm, v. a. To confine water by dams. 

DXM'A(,iE, n. Mischief; hurt; detriment ; loss. — 
(Law.) PL Indemnity for injuries. 

Dam'ac^e, v. a. To injure ; to impair ; to hurt. 

DXm'A(^e-a-Ble, a. Susceptible of damage. 

Dam'a^cene (dam'zn), n. A plum. See Damson. 

DXm' ASK, n._ Figured cloth or silk : — a red color. 

DXM'AS-KiJEN, V. a. To inlay iron with gold,&c. 

DAM'AS-kiNj^n. A sabre made at Damascus. 

DXM'ASK-R6§E',n. Rose of Damascus ; a red rose. 

Dame, n. Formerly a title of honor for a woman : 

— a lady ; matron ; a mistress of a family. 
DXmn (dam), V. a. To doom to eternal punish- 
ment ; to curse ; to condemn : — to hoot ; to hiss. 

Dam'na-ble, a. Most wicked ; pernicious. [Low.] 
DXm-na'tion, n. Exclusion from divine mercy ; 

eternal punishment ; condemnation. 
DXm'na-to-bv, a. Containing condemnation. 
DXmned (damd or dam'ned), p. a. Condemned; 

hateful ; detestable ; abhorred. [ Vulgar.] 

DXm-nYf'IC, a. Procuring loss ; mis'-.hievous. 

Damp, a. Moist; wet; foggy: — dbjecoed ; sun^ 

DXmp, 71. Fog ; moisture ; vapor : — dejection. 

Damp, v. a. To wet ; to moisten ; tc depress. 

DXmp'en (damp'pn), v. a. To niake damp. 

Damp'er, ft. He or that which d^nips or checks. 

DXmp'ish, a. Moist ; inclining, to wet ; humid. 

Damp'ish-n£ss, n. Tendency to moisture. 

DXmp'ness, 71. State of beLig damp; moisture; 

fDXMP'v, a. Dejected; gloomy: — moist; damp. 

DXm'§el, 71. A young maid J. 1 ; a girl. 

DXm'§on (dam'zn) ti. A sra;.U, dark-colored plunk 

fDXN, 71. The old term of b.>;ior for men. 

DXn, 71. A truck or sledge used in coal-mines. 

Dance (12), v. n. To mo"a with regulated mo- 
tions ot the feet ; to move iimbly. 

Dance, v. a. To make to nance. 

Dance, 71. A regulated movement of the feet. 

DAn'cer, 71. One who pr^tctises dancing. 

Dan'cing, 71. Act of movi.ig with steps to music. 

Dan'cJng-MAs'ter, 71. A teacher of dancing. 

DXN-DE-Ll'pN, 71. A plan [ and yellow flower. 

DXn'di-prXt, 71. A conceited little fellow. 

DXn'dle, v. a. To fondle ; to treat like a child. 

DXn'dler, 71. One who dandles children . 

DXn'druff, 71. Scurf on the head. 

DXn'dy, 71. A worthless cnxcomb ; a fop. 

DXn'dy-i§M, 71. The qual ties of a dandy. 

Dane, 7i. A native of Den nark. 

DANE'firELD, 71. Danish n oney : — ataxlaidupoq 
the English nation by the Danes. 

Dan'^eb, ft. Exposure to njury ; hazard; peril. 
Syn. — Man is always « xposed to danger, is in 
perils by sea and land, en,^ages in a battle at the 
hazard of life, and runs a risk in enterprise. 

Dan'c^eb, v. a. To endanger. Shak. [R.] 

DAN'^EB-Lliss, a. Without hazard ; without risk. 

Dan'(;ier-oDs, a. Full of danger : perilous. 

Dan'(^eb-ous-ly, ad. Hazardously ; with danger. 

Dan'9ER-OUS-nj3SS, 71. Danger ; peril. 

DXn'gle, v. n. To hang loose ; to follow. 

Dan'gleb, 71. One who dangles or hangs about. 

Dan'ish, a. Relating to the Danes. 

f DXnk, a. Damp ; humid ; moist ; wet. Shak. 

Da-nO'bi-an, a. Relating to the Danube. 

DXph'ne, n. {Bot.) A genus of plants ; the laurel. 

Dap' i-FER,n. [L.] One who serves food at table. 

DXp'per, a. Little and active; pretty ; neat. 

Dap'per-lKng, 77. A dwarf; a dandiprat. 

DXp'ple, a. Of various colors ; variegated. 

Dap'ple, v. a. To streak ; to vary ; to spot. 

DXp'pled (dap'pld), a. Being of difl^erent colors. 

Dap'ple-gray, a. Gray marked with spots. 

Dare, tj. 71. [i. durst ; pp. daring, dared.] To 
have courage ; not to be afraid ; to venture. 

Dare, v. a. [i. dared ; pp. daring, dared.] Ti> 
challenge ; to defy ; to brave. 

Dar'er, ft. One who dares or defies. 

Dar'ing, a. Bold ; adventurous ; fearless. 

Dar'ing-ly, ad. Boldly ; courageously. 

Dar'ing-ness, 71. Boldness ; fearlessness. 

Dark, a. Wanting light; not light; opaque; obi 
scure ; gloomy ; dismal. 

Dark, 71. Darkness; obscurity; want of light. 

Dark'en (dar'kn), v. a. To make dark ; to cloud. 

Dark'en (dar'kn), v. n. To grow dark. 

Dark'en-eb (dar'kn-er), 71. That which darkens. 

Dark'ish, a. Dusky ; approaching to dark. 

Dark'ly, ad. With darkness ; obscurely. 

Dark'ness, 71. Absence of light ; obscurity. 

Syn. — Darkness of night, of ignorance ; obscU' 
rity of condition, of meaning. 

Dark'sqme (dark'suni), a. Gloomy ; obscure. 

Dar'ling, a. Favorite; dear; beloved,. 

Dar'ling, 71. One much beloved ; a favorite. 

Darn, 7). a. To mend a rent or hole by sewing. 

Dar'nel, 71. A weed growing in the fields. 

Darn'ing, 71. The act of mending holes. 

Dart, 71. A weapon thrown by the hand ; aspeat 

Dart, v. a. To throw ; to shoot ; to emit. 

S, f, I, o, u, Y, long ; X, £, I, 6, t5, % short ; A, E, I, q, Vj y, oi^citre.— fAre, far, fIst, all. h£ir, her; 




DXrt, o. n. To fly rapidly, as a dart. 

Dart'er, n. One who throws a dart. 

Dart'ing-ly, ad. Very swiftly ; like a dart. 

DisH, V. a. To strike against : — to besprinkle ; to 
mingle : — to obliterate ; to blot ; to confound. 

Dash, v. n. To fly off" ; to rush ; to strike. 

Dash, n, A mark or line in writing, thus [ — ] : — 
a blowj — an ostentatious show. 

Dash'board, ) n. A board in the fore part of vehi- 

DXsh'er, ) cles to defend persons from mud. 

DlSH'lNG, a. Precipitate ; rushing : — foppish. 

DAs'tard, 71. A base coward; a poltroon. 

DXs'tard-Ize, c. a. To intimidate. 

DAs'tard-LI-NESS, n. Cowardliness. 

Das'tard-ly, a. Cowardly ; mean. 

Da' TA, n. pi. [h.] Truths admitted. See Datum. 

Da'ta-ry, n. A papal officer in Rome, who re- 
ceives petitions, and affixes to the Pope's bulls 
the words Datum Romas. 

Date, n. The time of any event ; epoch ; era : — 
time at which a letter is written : — a fruit. 

Syn. — Date of a letter ; the Christian era ; the 
epoch of the Hegira. 

Date, ^. a. To note with the time. — v. n. To begin. 

DATE'LESS,_a. Without any date or fixed term. 

Date'-Tree, n. A kind of palm that bears dates. 

Da'tive, a. (^Oram.) Noting the third case of 
Greek and Latin nouns, relating to giving. 

Da' TU3I, n. ; pi. da' ta. [L.] A thing given ; a 
proposition or trutli admitted. 

Daub, v. a. To smear ; to paint coarsely ; to flatter. 

Daub,™. Coarse painting ; plaster. 

Daub'er, n. One who daubs ; a coarse painter. 

Daub'er-y, n. A daubing ; any thing artful. 

Daub'ing, m. Plaster; coarse painting. 

Daub'y, a. Viscous ; glutinous ; smeary. 

Daugh'ter (daw'ter), n. A female offspring of a 
man or woman ; a female child. 

Daugh'ter-in-law', K. A son's wife. 

Daugh'ter-li-ness, n. The quality of a daughter. 

Daugh'ter-ly (daw'ter-le), a. Like a daughter. 

*Daunt (dint, 33) [diint, W. J. F. Ja. Sm. C. Wb. : 
dawnt, S. E. K. ; dS-wnt or dant, P.], v. a. To 
discourage ; to frighten ; to intimidate ; to appall. 

♦Daunt'less (dint'les), a. Fearless ; bold. 

*Daunt'less-ness, n. Fearlessness. 

Dau'phin, n. The title formerly given to the eldest 
son of the king of France. 

Dau'phin-ess, n. The wife of the dauphin. 

Dau'rite, 71. [Min.) A variety of tourmaline. 

Da'vit, 77. {J^aut.) A short piece of timber, used 
in managing an anchor : — a sort of crane. 

Daw, 71. A bird : the jackdaw. 

Daw'dle, v. n. To waste time ; to trifle ; to dally. 

Daw'dler, n. A trifler ; a dallier. 

Dawn, v. n. To grow light ; to glimmer ; to open. 

Dawn, n. The first appearance of light ; break of 
day : — beginning- ; r'se. 

Dawn'ing, 77. Breakuf day : — beginning ; dawn. 

Day (da), 71. The time between the rising and set- 
ting of the sun, called the artificial day ; the time 
from noon to noon, or from midnight to midnight, 
called the natural day ; 24 hours, beginning and 
ending at midnight, called Vbe civil day: — an 
age : — life : — light. — To-day, on this day. 

Day'BOOK (da'buic), 71. A tradesman's journal. 

Day'breaKjTi. Dawn; first appearance of day. 

Day'dream, n. A dream, vision, or scheme, con- 
ceived or formed when one is awake. 

Day'-La-B(?r, n. Labor l)y the day. 

Day'-La-bor-er, n. One who works by the day. 

Day'LIGHT (da'lit), n. The light of the day. 

Day'lil-y, 71. A plant and flower ; asphodel. 

DAY'-RflLE, n. (Law.) A release for one day. 

tpAYlj'lviXN, 71. An umpire ; a judge. 

Day'spring, n. Rise of the day ; the dawn. 

Day'star, 71. The morning star ; Venus. 

Day'!j-Work', 71. Work of a day. — (JVaut.) A 
ship's course for 24 hours. 

Day'time, 71. Time in which there is lieht. 

DAy'-WoRK(-wurk),7i. Work imposed by the day. 

Day'-WrTt (da'rit), n. (Late.) Same as day^rule, 
Daze, n. (JIfm.) A glittering stone. 
fDAZE, V. a. To overpower with light ; to dazzle. 
Daz'zle, v. a. To overpower with light. 
Dea'con (de'kn), 71. An ecclesiastical officer: — 

an Episcopal clergyman of the lowest order. 
Dea'con-eSS (de'kn-es), n. A female deacon. 
De a'con-ry, Dea'con-ship, 71. Office of a deacon. 
Dead (ded), a. Deprived of life; lifeless; inani- 
mate : — dull ; spiritless ; still : — tasteless ; vapid. 
Dead (ded), n. Stillness ; depth. — PI. dead men. 
Dead'-drijivk, a. So drunk as to be motionless. 
Dead'en (ded'dn), v. a. To deprive of life or 

vigor ; to make dead, vapid, or spiritless. 
Dead'ish, a. Resembling what is dead : dull. 
DEAD'-LtFT, 7i. A lift made with main strength. 
Dead'-Light (ded'lit), n. (Maut.) A sort of 

shutter placed over the glass window of a cabin. 
Djead'li-ness, n. State of being deadly. 
Dead'ly (ded'le), a. Destructive ; mortal. 

Syn. — Deadly poison ; destructive fire ; mortal 

hatred ; fatal blow. 
Dead'ly (ded'le), ad. Mortally ; implacably. 
Dead'ness (ded'nes), n. Want of life or vigor. 
Dead'net-TLE (ded'net-tl), n. A weed. 
Dead'-Reck-oning (ded'rek-njng), n. Estima- 

tion of the place where a ship is, by the log-boofc 
Dead'-Wa-ter, 71. The eddy of water that closes 

in with a ship's stern. 
*Deaf (def, 36) [def, S. W. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. 

R. C. ; def, fVb.], a. Wanting the sense of hear- 
ing ; not hearing. 
*Deaf'en (def'fn) [def'fn, S. TV. P. J. E. F. Ja. 

K. Sm. R. C. ; de'fii, Wb.],v.a. To make deaf. 
*Deaf'ly (def'le), ad. In a deaf manner. 
*De af'ness (de'f'nes), n. State of being deaf. 
Deal (del), 71. Part; quantity; a dole: — fir o» 

pine timber sawed into planks or boards. 
Deal, 7). a. [i. dealt; pp. dealing, dealt.] Tm 

distribute ; to divide ; to scatter ; to throw about 
Deal, v. n. To traffic ; to transact ; to act. 
Deal'er,77. One who deals ; a trader. 
Deal'ing, 71. Practice; intercourse; traffic. 
Dealt (delt),j. & p. From Deal. 
tDE-XM'BiJ-LATE, V. n. To perambulate. 
fDE-SM'BU-LA-TO-RY, 77. A place to walk in. 
Deaiv, 71. An ecclesiastical dignitary next to -^ 

bishop: — an officer in a college or literary 'ui&a. 

tution. See Clergyman. 
Dean'er-y, 77. The office or house of a deau. 
Dean'ship, 77. The office of a dean ; deanery. 
Dear (der), a. Beloved ; highly esteemed ; pre 

cious : — of high price ; costly. 
Dear, 77. A darling ; a word of endearment. 
Dear'born, 77. A light four-wheeled carriage. 
Dear'-bought (-bilwt), a. Purchased at a high 
Dear'-loved (der'luvd), a. Much loved, [price- 
Dear'ly (der'le), ad. In a dear manner; fondly. 
Dear'ness, 77. Fondness; love: — costliness. 
Dearth (derth), 77. Scarcity ; want ; famine. 
Dear'y, 71. The diminutive oi dear ; a darling. 
Death (deth), 77. Extinction of life ; mortality. 
Syn. — The death of man, of beast, of plants, 

&c. ; decease of a human being ; demise of the 

king ; mortality of all. 
Death'-Bed, 7!. The bed on which a person dies. 
Death'-bod-ing, p. a. Portending death. 
Death'lj;ss, a. Immortal ; never-dying. 
DEATH'LiKE_(deth'lik), a. Reoemhling death. 
Death's'-Door, 77. A near approach to death. 
DJJATHs'MAN (deths'man), 77. An executioner. 
DiiATH'WARD (deth'wurd), ad. Toward death. 
Death'-War-rant (deth'wor-rant), 71. An or- 
der for the execution of a criminal. 
Death'watch (deth'woch), 77. An insect whose 

noise is imagined to prognosticate death. 
De-ba'cle (de-ba'kl),77. [Fr.] (Oeul.) A deluge 

a great rush of waters, breaking down obstacles. 
De-bar', v. a. To exclude ; to hinder. 
D^-bark', v. a. To land ; to disembark. 
De-bar-ka'tion, n. Act of disembarking. 

UiEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n; bOlL, BUR, ROLE <i , (^ , ^, soft ; e,G,C,^,hard; S osz ; ^ (i.9gz : THIS. 

18 * I.* 




Pe-EASE', v. a. To degrade ; to lower ; to hum- 
ble; to abase : — to vitiate ; to adulterate. 
De-base'MENT, w. Act of debasing ; abasement- 
De-bas'er, K. One who debases. 
De-bat'a-BLE, a. Disputable ; contestable. 
De-bate', n. A discussion ; a dispute ; a quarrel ; 

a contest ; a difference. 
De-bate', v. a. To controvert; to dispute; to 

argue ; to dijciiss. 
De-BATE', v. n. To deliberate ; to dispute. 
De-bate'ful, a. Contentious; contested. 
De-bate'ful-ly, ad. In a contentious manner. 
De-bate'ment, n. Controversy ; debate. Shale. 
De-bat'er, n. One who debates ; a disputant. 
De-BAUCh', v. a. To corrupt ; to vitiate ; to ruin. 
De-bauch', n. Drunkenness ; excess ; lewdness. 
De-bauched' (de-baucht'), ?• "■• Corrupted by 

debauchery or excess ; dissolute; intemperate. 
De-bauch'ed-ness, u. Intemperance; excess. 
DEb-AU-<jhee' (deb-^-she'), /I. A rake ; drunkard. 
De-Bauch'er, n. One who debauches. 
De-BAUCh'er-y, n. Intemperance : — lewdness. 
De-baucii'ment, re. Act of debauching. 
De-BENT'ure (de-bent'yur), k. (Law.) An instru- 
ment by which a debt is claimed : — a certificate 
of drawback of duties or allowance. 
jDeb'ile, a. Weak ; feeble ; faint. Shak. 
De-bil'i-tate, v. a. To weaken ; to make faint. 
DE-BlL-i-TA'TlON, n. Act of weakening ; debility. 
De-BIL'i-TV, m. Weakness; feebleness; languor. 
Syn. — Debility of body ; weakness or feebleness 
of body or mind ; imbecility of mind ; infirmity of 
age; languor oi i6t;\\n^. 
*Deb'it [deb'it, F. K. Sm. C. Wb. ; de'bit, Ja.], n. 

Money due for goods sold on credit. 
*Deb'it, a. Noting the debtor side of a book. 
♦Deb'JT, v. a. To charge with debt. 
Deb-o-nair', a. Elegant ; civil ; well-bred 
Deb-p-nair'ly, ad. Elegantly ; with civility. 
DEb-P-nair'ness, n. Civility ; complaisance. 
De-b6u^h' (de-bosh'), v. n. To march out of a 

wood or narrow pass. 
Debouchure (da-bo-shiir'), n. [Fr.] The 

mouth of a river or strait. 
Debris (doL-hrS.'), n. [Fr.] {Ocol.) Fragments 
of rocks, gravel, &c. detached from the sides of 
mountains ; rubbish. 
Debt (det), n. What one man owes to another. 
Syn. — Pay a debt ; give to every one his due. 
Debt-ee' (det-e'), re. One to whom a debt is due. 
DEbt'qr (det'or), n. One who owes money, &c. 
Debut {Aa.-hu'),n. [Fr.] An entrance upon any 
thing ; tirst attempt ; first step ; first appearance. 
Deb-v-tant' (deb-u-fang'), n. [Fr.] One who 

makes a debut or first effort. 
DEc'A-^eHORD, ) n. A musical instrument; 
Dec-a-jghor'don, j that which has ten parts. 
Dec-a-cu'mi-nat-ed, a. Having the top cut off. 
UiJc'A-DAL, a. Consisting of tens. 
Dec'ade, re. The sum or number of ten: — ten 

parts : — a space of ten days. 
De-ca'dence, re. Decay; decadency. 
De-ca'den-cy [de-ka'den-se, S. fV. P. J. K. Sm. 

R. ; dek'a-den-se, Ja.], re. Decay ; fall. 
Dec'a-gon, re. A figure having ten equal sides. 
Dec-a-He'dral,, a. Having ten sides. 
Dec-a-he'dron,h. a figure having ten sides. 
De-c al'o-(^Tst, re. An exiwsitor of the decalogue. 
Dfic'A-LoGUE (-log), re. The ten conunandments. 
De-cam'e-r6n, n. A volume having ten books. 
De-cAmp', v. re. To shift a camp ; to move off. 
De-camp'ment, re. A shifting of the camp. 
D£c'A-nXl or De-CA'NAL [dek'51-nal, Sm. Wb. ; 

de-ka'nal, Ja. K.], a. Pertaining to a deanery. 
De-can'drous, a. (Bot.) Having ten stamens. 
DEc-an'gu-lar, a. Having ten angles. 
De-cXnt', v. a. To pour off gently. 
Dec-an-ta'tiqn, re. Act of pouring off clear. 
De-cXn'ter, re. One who decants : — a glass ves- 
sel for liquor. 
i)E-cXPH'yL-LOUs, a. (Bot.) Ten-leaved. 

De-cXp'I-TATE, v. a. To behead ; to decollate, 
DE-clP-i-TA'TIpN, re. Act of beheading. 
Dec'a-pod, re. An animal having ten feet. 
De-car-bon-j-za'tion, n. Act of decarbonizing 
De-car'bon-jze, v. a. To deprive of carbon. 
DEc'A-STleH, re. A poem of ten lines. 
Dec'A-style, re. An assemblage often pillars. 
DEC-i-SYL-LAB'lc, a. Having ten syllables. 
De-cay', v. re. To lose excellence ; to decline ; to 

waste away ; to putrefy ; to rot. 
De-cay', v. a. To impair ; to bring to decay. 
De-cay', n. A decline ; gradual failure. 

Sy7i. — Decay in old age; decline ot failure of 
health ; a wasting consumption. 
De-cay'ed-ness, re. A state of decay. 
De -cease', re. Departure from life ; death. 
De-cease' fde-s6s'), v. re. To die ; to expire. 
De-ceased', p. a. Departed from life ; dead. 
De-ceit' (de-set'), re. Fraud ; a cheat ; artifice. 
De-Ceit'fOl, a. Fraudulent ; full of deceit ; de- 
ceptive ; delusive ; fallacious. 
De-ceit'ful-ly, arf. Fraudulently , with deceit 
De-c£it'fOl-n£ss, n. Quality of being deceitful. 
De-ceiv'a-BLE, a. Liable to be deceived. 
De-ceiv'a-ble-ness, lu Liableness to be de- 
De-ceive' (de-sev'), V. a. To cause to mistake ; 

to delude ; to impose on ; to mock ; to cheat. 
De-ceiv'ER, re. One who deceives ; a cheat. 

Syn. — A deceiver or cheat imposes on individu- 
als ; an impostor, on the public. 
De-cem'ber, re. The last month of the year. 
De-cem'pe-dal, a. Ten feet in length. [iJ.] 
De-cem'vir [de-sem'vir, S?n. C. ; de'sem-vir, 
JVb.], n. [L.] DE-CEIn'ri-Ri; Eng. DE- 
CEM'viR^. One of the ten governors of ancient 
De-cEm'vi-RAL, a. Belonging to a decemvirate. 
De-cem'vi-RATE, re. A government by ten rulers. 
De'cen-cy, n. Propriety ; decorum ; modesty. 
De-cEn'NA-ry, re. A tithing of ten families: — a 

period of ten years. 
De-cen'ni-al, a. Continuing ten years. 
De'cent, a. Becoming ; fit ; suitable ; modest. 
De'cent-LY, ad. In a decent, proper manner. 
De'cent-nEss, re. Decency ; due formality. 
fDE-CEPT-i-BXL'i-TY, re. Liableness to be de- 
fDE-CEPT'i-BLE, a. Liable to be deceived. 
De-cep'tion, ?!. Act of deceiving ; fraud ; deceit. 
tDE-cEP'Tloys (de-sep'shus), a. Deceitful. Sliak. 
De-cEp'tive, a. Tending to deceive ; deceiving; 

deceitful ; deluding ; delusive ; fallacious. 
DE(^'EP-Tp-Ry [des'ep-tur-e, fV.Ja.; de-sep'tiir-e, 
S. P. Sm. C. IVb.], a. Containing means of deceit. 
DE-CERP'TipN, ?i. A cropping, or taking off". [R.] 
DE-CER-TA'TlpN,7i. A contention ; a dispute. [R.] 
De-charm', v. a. To counteract a charm. 
De-cTd'a-ble, a. Capable of being determined. 
De-cide, v. a. To fix the event of; to conclude 

on ; to determine ; to end ; to settle. 
De-cide', v. re. To determine ; to conclude. 
De-cTd'ed, p. a. Determined; resolute. 
De-cid'ed-ly, ad. In a determined manner. 
DE^'l-DENCE, re. The act of falling away. 
De-cTd'ER, re. One who decides or determines. 
DE-ciD'V-oiJS, a. Falling off every season, as 

leaves ; not evergreen ; not perennial. 
De-cId'v-ous-nEss, n. State of being deciduous. 
DE9'l-MAL, a. Numbered or multiplied by ten. 
DE^'i-MAL, re. A tenth : — a decimal fraction. 
DE9'i-MATE, V. a. To tithe ; to take the tenth. 
DEg-i-MA'TipN, n. A selection of eTery tenth. 
DE9'i-MA-TpR, re. One who decimates. 
Dep'i-mo-Sex' TO, n. [L.] A book is in decwno- 

fexto when a sheet is folded into IG leaves. 
De-cI'piier, v. a. To explain what is written in 

cipher: — to unfold ; to unravel. 
De-cI'pher-er, n. One who deciphers. 
DE-ci"$ipN (de-sizh'un), re. Act of deciding :de- 
termination of a difference, doubt, or event. 

X, y.,!, o, V, Y, long; X, fi, T, 0, C, ^, short; ^, E, I, p, V, V, obscure.— FAKB, FAR, fAst, ALL; n£lR, HER,- 




De-ci'sive. a. Causing decision; determining; 
conclusive ; final ; positive. 

DE-ci'siVE-LY, ad. In a conclusive manner. 

DJE-ci'sivE-NJiss, n. State of being decisive. 

De-ci'so-ry, a. Able to determine. 

DiiCK, V. a. To cover ; to dress ; to array ; to adorn. 

Deck, 71. The floor of a ship : — a pack of cards. 

DiJCK'ER, n. One who decks : — a coverer. 

Deck'ing, 71. Ornament; embellithment. 

De-claim', 11. n. To speak oratorically ; to speak 
to the passions : — to harangue ; to inveigh. 

De-claim'er, n. One who declaims. 

De-claim^ing, 7j. An harangue ; declamation. 

Dec-la-ma'tiqn, n. Act of declaiming ; an ex- 
ercise in speaking ; a speech ; an harangue. 

DE;c 'la-ma-tor, n. A declaimer. [R.] 

De-clam'a-tq-ry, a. Partaking of declamation ; 
.vehement ; rhetorical and inflated. 

De-clar'a-ble, a. That may be declared. 

Dfic-LA-RA'TION, n. Act of declaring ; the thing 
declared ; a proclamation ; an affirmation. 

De-clar'a-tive, a. Proclaiming; explanatory. 

De-clXr'a-tq-ri-ly, ad. Affirmatively. 

De-clar'a-to-ry, a. Affirmative ; clear ; ex- 

De-clare', v. a. To make known ; to proclaim. 

Syti, — Declare or proclaim a fact or ouinion ; 

declare or proclaim war ; affirm the fact ; assert the 

trutli ; utter it with the lips, and publish it to the 


De-clare', v. n. To make a declaration. 

De-clar'ed-ly, ad. Avowedly; openly. 

De-clar'er, n. One who declares ; a proclaimer. 

De-clar'ing, n. Publication ; declaration. 

De-cleN'sion (de-klen'shun), n. Act of declin- 
ing ; descent ; degeneracy : — variation of nouns. 

De-clin'a-ble, a. Capable of being declined. 

DiiC'Ll-NATE, a. (Bat.) Curved downwards. 

Dec-li-na'tion, n. Act of declining ; declension ; 
descent. — {Astron.) The angular distance of a 
celestial body from the equator, north or south. 

Di5c'Ll-NA-TpR, n. An instrument used in dialing. 

De-clin'a-tq-ry fde-klin'a-tur-e, W. J. F. Ja. 
Sm. C. ; de-kli'na-tur-e, S.], n. Same as dec- 

De-clin'a-tp-ry, a. Turning away. 

Df cL_f'NA-TURE,7i. Act of declining ; declination. 

DE-CLmE', V. n. To lean ; to fail ; to decay. 

De-cline', D. a. To bring down: — to shun; to 
avoid_ ; to refuse : — to vary or inflect, as words. 

De-cline', 71. A falling off; diminution; decay; 
loss of vigor or health ; consumption. 

Dec-li-nom'e-ter, 7!. An apparatus for measur- 
ing tile declination of the magnetic needle. 

De-cliv'i-tous, a. Having declivity ; sloping. 

De-clTv'i-ty, n. Inclination reckoned down- 
wards ; a slope ; gradual descent. 

De-cli'vous, a. Gradually descending: sloping. 

De-c6ct', v. a. To prepare by boiling ; to digest. 

fDE-cocT'i-BLE, a. Capable of being decocted. 

De-coc'TION, n. Act of boiling ; matter boiled. 

De-c6l'late [de-kol'!at, Ja. Sm. R. C. ; dek'9- 
lat, fVb.], V. a. To behead ; to decapitate. 

Dec-ol-la'tion, n. The act of beheading. 

De-col'or, v. a. To deprive of color. 

D^-col-or-a'tiqn, 71. Privation of color. 

De-com-po§'a-ble, a. That may be decomposed. 

De-cqm-po^e', v. a. To separate, as the constitu- 
ent parts of a body; to resolve; to dissolve; to 
decompound ; to analyze. 

DE-CQM-Po^'iTE, a. Compounded a second time. 

De-c6m-pp-5i"tiqn, 71. Act of decomposing ; 
separation into parts or elements ; analysis. 

De-cqm-poOnd', v. a. To compound anew: — 
to resolve a compound into parts ; to decompose. 

De-c(?m-poOnd', a. Compounded a second time. 

DE-com-poOnd'a-ele, a. That may bo do- 

Dec'q-rate, v. a. To adorn ; to embellish. 

DTic-Q-RA'TlpN, 71. Ornament; embellishment. 

Dfic'p-RA-TlvE, a. Bestowing decoration. 

Dec'p-RA-TOR, n. One who decorates. 
*DE-co'Roys or Dec'o-roDs [de-ko'rus, S. W.J. 
F. Ja. Sm. R. Johnson ; dek'o-rus, P. E. Wb. Jlshj 
dek'o-rus or de-ko'rus, K. C], a. Decent; suit-, 
able to a character ; becoming ; proper. 
*DE-co'Roys-LY, ad. In a becoming manner. 
De-cor'ti-cate, v. a. To peel; to strip oflf, as 

De-cor-ti-ca'tion, 71. Act of stripping off. 
De-co'rum, 7!. Becoming formality; proper cere- 
mony ; decency ; order : propriety. 
De-co? ', V. a. To lure ; to entrap ; to ensnare. 
De-cov', 71. Allurement to mischief ; a snare. 
De-go Y'-DiJCK, n. A duck that lures others. 
De-crease', v. n. To grow less ; to abate ; to lessen. 
De-crease', v. a. To make less ; to diminish. 
De-crease', 71. State of growing less ; decay. 
De-cree', v. a. To assign by a decree ; to ordain. 
De-cree', 71. An edict ; a law ; a proclamation. 
— (Law.) The determination of a suit. 

Syn. — Decree of the court ; edict of the emperor ; 

law of the state ; proclamation of the governor. 

Dec're-ment, 7!. Gradual diminution ; decrease. 

DE-cRltP'lT, a. Wasted and worn with age ; weak. 

De-crep'i-tate, v. a. & 71. To roast, calcine, or 

crackle in the fire. 
DE-cREP-i-TA'TipN, n. Act of decrepitating ; a 

crackling nojse. 
De-crep'i-tude, 71. Last stage of decay ; old age. 
De-cres'cent, a. Growing less ; decreasing. 
De-cre'tal [de-kre'tal, S. P. J. E. F. K. Sm. R. 
C. Wb.; de-krS'tal or dek're-tal, W. Ja,], n. A 
decree of the pope : — a book of decrees or edicts. 
De-cre'tal, a. Pertaining to a decree. 
De-cre'tist, 77. One versed in the decretal. 
D^i-CRE'TlVE, a. Making a decree ; disposing. 
*Di3C'RE-TO-Rl-LY, ad. In a definitive manner. 
*Dec're-tp-ry [dek're-tilr-e, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. 
K. Sm. C. Wb. ; de-kxB'tur-e,' E. Msh], a. Judicial; 
definitive ; critical. 
De-cri'al, 71. Act of decrying ; clamorous censure. 
De-crFer, n. One who decries. 
De-cry', v. a. To clamor against ; to censure ; to 

undervalue ; to depreciate. 
De-cDm'bence, )n. Act of lying down ; prostra- 
De-cum'ben-cy, I tion; a lying down. 
De-cOm'bent, a. Lying on the ground ; low. 
De-cDm'bi-ture, n. Time cjf confinement to bed. 
Dec'u-ple (dek'u-pl), a. Tenfold. 
DliC'v-PLE, 71. A number ten times repeated. 
De-cu'RI-on, n. A commander over ten men. 
De-cDr'RENT, a. Running downward. 
De-cur'sion, n. Act of running down. 
DE-ciJR'S]VE, a. Running or tending down. 
De-cDs'sate, v. a. To intersect at acute angles. 
Dec-us-Sa'tion, 7i. Act of crossing ; intersection. 
Di3D'A-LO(js, a. Having various turnings. 
De-D]3C'p-RoDs, a. Disgraceful ; reproachful. 
Di3D-EN-Ti"TipN, n. The shedding of the teeth, 
Ded'i-cate, v. a. To consecrate ; to devote. 

Syn. — Dedicate a house of worship; consecrate 
a church ; devote yourself to the duties of your 
DiiD'i-CATE, a. , Consecrate ; devoted ; dedicated. 
DED-i-CA'TipN, 71. Act of dedicating ; consecra- 
tion : — an address to a patron. 
DitD'l-CA-TpR, 71. One who dedicates. 
DijD'i-CA-Tp-RY, a. Relating to a dedication. 
DE-Dl"TlpN (de-dish'un), 71. A surrender. Hale. 
De-duce', v. a. To draw from ; to infer ; to derive. 
De-duce'MENT, 77. Deduction ; thing deduced. 
De-du'ci-ble, a. That may be deduced or inferred. 
De-du'cive, a. Performing deduction. 
De-dTict', v. a. To subtract ; to take away. 
DE-DPc'TipN, 71. Actof deducting : — that which 
is drawn from premises ; inference. See In- 
De-ijI'ic'tive, o. Deducible ; inferable. 
Dip-DDc'TivE-LY, ad. By regular deduction. 
DeT;!), 71. Action; act; exploit; feat: — a written 
instrument for transferring real estate. 

MIEN, sYr; m6ve,noR,s6n; bOlLjBURjRCle. — 9,^,g,so/t;£,fi,5 ^jhard; §(wz; ^asgx.- 11113, 




Syn. — A noble or ignoble deed ; a good or base 
actiox or act; a horseman's /eaf; an illustrious ex- 
ploit, a remarkable achievement. 

tiEED, ?j. a. To convey or transfer by deed. [f7. S.] 

Deem, v. n. To judge ; to think ; to estimate. 

Di3EM, V. a. To judge ; to determine ; to suppose. 

DEiiM'STER, n. A judge, in the Isle of Man. 

Deep, a. Reaching far below the surface ; pro- 
found ; not superficial : — artful ; sagacious : — 
dark-colored : — grave in sound. 

DiiEP, n. The sea ; the main ; the ocean. 

Deep'en (de'pn), V. a. To make deep ; to darken. 

Deep'EN (de'pn), V. n. To grow deep or deeper. 

Deep'ly, ad. To a great depth ; profoundly. 

Deep'NESs, n. Depth ; profundity ; sagacity. 

DisER, n. A forest animal hunted for venison. 

fDE'ESS, n. A goddess. 

De-face', v. a. To destroy; to raze: — to dis- 
figure ; to deform. 

De-face'ment, n. Violation; razure ; destruc- 

De-fa'cer, 71. One who defaces. 

De fac'to', [L.] (Law.) In fact ; in reality. 

De-fal'cate, v. n. To cut off; to lop. 

DiSF-AL-cA'TlQN, 71. Diminution; abatement: — 
a breach of trust in public accounts. 

Def-a-ma'TION, 71. Act of defaming; slander i 
calumny ; reproach. 

De-fam'a-TQ-ry, a. Calumnious; libellous. 

De-fame', v. a. To slander; to calumniate; to 
reproach ; to asperse ; to revile ; to vilify. 

De-FAM'er, 71. One who defames. 

fDE-FlT'i-GA-BLE, a. Liable to be weary. 

De-fault', 7i. Omission of the performance of 
some duty ; failure ; fault ; defect. 

De-faul,t', 7). 77. To fail in performing a contract. 

De-fault'er, n. One guilty of default: — one 
who fails to account for public money. 

De-fjla'§ance, 71. (Law.) Act of annulling ; a 
condition annexed to a deed, which being per- 
formed by the obligee, the deed is rendered void. 

De-fea^'i-BLE, a. Capable of being aimuUed. 

De-fIsat', 77. An overthrow ; frustration. 

De-feat', v. a. To overthrow ; to vanquish ; to 
undo ; to frustrate. 

Def'e-cate, v. a. To purify ; to refine ; to clear. 

Di3F'E-CATE, a. Purged from lees; defecated. 

Di2F-E-CA'TlON,7i. Act of defecating; purification. 

De-fect', 77. A fault ; imperfection; a. blemisli. 

De-fect'i-ble, a. Imperfect ; deficient ; wanting. 

DE-FEC'TioN, 77. Act of falling away; failure; 
apostasy ; revolt. 

De-fec'T}ve, a. Having defects ; imperfect; de- 
ficient ; wanting ; faulty. 

Syn. — A book is defective or imperfect, if some 
leaves are deficient or wanting. 

DE-Fiic'TiVE-LY, ad. In a defective manner. 

De-fec'tive-ness, n. State of being imperfect. 

DE-Fi2NCE', n. Guard ; vindication ; resistance. 
— (Law.) The defendant's reply- 

De-fIjnce'less, a. Unarmed ; unguarded ; weak. 

De-fence'less-l Y, ad. In an unprotected manner. 

De-fence'less-ness, 77. An unprotected state. 

De-fjjnd', v. a. To protect ; to vindicate ; to repel. 
Syn. — Defend the innocent ; protect the weak ; 
vindicate those who are unjustly accused ; repel 

De-fend'a-ele, a. Capable of being defended. 

De-fend'ant, n. (Law.) A person accused or 

sued in a personal action ; — opposed to plaintiff. 
De-fend'eRj 77. One who defends : an advocate. 
De-fijn'sa-tive, 77. Defence : — a bandage. 
DE-FiiN'si-BLE, a. That may be defended ; right. 
De-fetv'sive, a. Serving to defend ; resisting 

aggression ; — opiwsed to offensive. 
DE-FiiN'siVE, n. A safeguard ; state of defence. 
De-fE;n'S!VE-ly, ad. In a defensive manner. 
DE-FiJR,', 7). a. To put off; to delay ; to prolong. 
De-fijr', v. 77. To delay to act: — to pay deference. 
Def'er-ence,7i. a yielding of opinion ; submis- 
sion ; complaisance ; regard ; respect. 

Di3F'ER-ENT, 77. a vesset ijonveying fluid. 
Di3F-ER-EN'TiAL, a. Implying deference; r©. 

De-fer'rer, 77. A delayer ; a putter-off. 
De-f1'ance, 77. A challenge ; contempt of danger. 
DE-Fl"ciENCE(de-fish'ens), j 77. Want; defect 5 
DE-Fi"ciEN-CY(de-fish'en-se), i imperfection. 
De-fi"cient (de-hsh'en't), a. Insufficient ; fall- 
ing short ; failing ; wanting ; imperfect ; defective. 
De-fi"cient-ly, ad. In a defective manner. 
Def'j-cit, n. [L.] Want ; deficiency. 
De-fi'er, 77. One who defies. 
De-fIle', v. a. To make foul or impure ; to pol- 
lute ; to corrupt ; to vitiate. 
De-file', v. n. To march ; to go off file by file. 
De-fIle' [de-fil', fV. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. C. Wb.; 
def'e-le, S. ; de'fil, Sm.], n. A long, narrow pass. 
De-fI'le'MENT, 77. Corruption ; pollution. 
De-fil'er, 77. One who defiles. 
De-fin'a-ble, a. Capable of being defined. 
De-fine ',7j. a. To give a definition of; to explain; 

to tlescribe : — to circumscribe ; to limit. 
De-FIN'er, 7i. One who defines or describes. 
Def'i-NITE, a. Certain ; limited ; exact ; precise. 
DEf'i-nite-ly, ad. In a definite manner. 
DEF'i-NlTE-NJiSS, 77. Certainty; limitedness. 
DiJF-i-Ni"TlON (def-e-nish'un), 77. A short de- 
scription of a thing by its properties ; explanation. 
Syn. — A concise definition ; an ample explana- 
tion ; a minute description. 
De-fin'i-tTve, a. Determinate ; positive ; ex- 
press ; fixed ; final. 
De-fIn'i-tive, 77. That which defines. 
DE-FiN'j-TiVE-LV, ad. Positively ; decisively. 
DE-FlN'i-TlVE-Nfiss, 77. Decisiveness. 
DEf-LA-GRA-BIL'i-TY, 77. Combustibility. [iJ.] 
DiJF'LA-GBA-BLE or De-FLA'GRA-ble, a. Com- 
Def'la-grate, v. a. To set fire to; to burn. 
DjSf'la-grate, v. 77. To take fire and explode. 
Def-la-gra'tiqn, 77. Utter destruction by fire. 
Def'la-gra-tqr, 77. (Chem.) A galvanic instru- 
ment for producing intense heat. 
DE-FLiiCT', 7). 77. To turn aside ; to deviate. 
De-flec'tiqn, n. Deviation ; a turning aside. 
De-FlS;x'ure (de-flek'shur), 77. A deviation. 
DliF-LO-RA'TipNJ 77. Act of deflouring ; a rape. 
De-floOr', v. a. To ravish ; to take away a wo- 
man's virginity : — to tako away beauty. 
De-flour'er, 77. One who deflours. 
De-FlOx'iqn, 77. A downward flow of humors. 
DEF-ffi-DA'TlQN (def-e-da'shi.ui), 77. Pollution. 
De-fo-LI-a'TIQN, 77. The falling of leaves. 
De-force', v. a. (Law.) To keep out of pos- 
session by force. 
De-force'Ment,77. (Law.) A withholding from 

riglitful possession by force. 
De-for'ci-ant (de-for'she-nnt), 77. (Law.) One 
who wrongfully keeps an owner of land, &c. 
out of possession. 
De-form', v. a. To disfigure ; to spoil the form of. 
Di^F-QR-MA'TipN, 77. A defacing ; a disfiguring. 
De-formed' (de-iormd'), p. a. Ugly; disfigured. 
De-foRM'ed-ly, ad. In a deformed manner. 
De-f6rm'ed-NESS, 77. Ugliness ; deformity. 
De-form'er, 77. One who defaces or deforms. 
De-form'1-ty, 77. Want of beauty ; ugliness. 
De-fraud', v. a. To rob by trick ; to cheat. 
DiJF-RAU-DA'TipN, n. Privation by fraud. 
De-fraud'er, 77. One who defrauds. 
De-fray', v. a. To bear the charges of; to pay. 
De-fray'er, 77. One who defrays. 
De-fray'Ment, 77. Payment; compensation. 
fDEFT. a. Neat ; handsome ; gentle. Bryden. 
De-fDnct', 77. One who is deceased or dead. 
De-fDnct', a. Dead ; deceased. 
De-fy', v. a. To cliallenge ; to dare ; to brave. 
De-gar'nish, 7). a. To disgarnish ; to strip. 
DE-^iiN'ER-^-CY, 77. Decay of virtue or goodness. 
DE-(itiiN'ER-ATE, V. 77. To fall from the virtue of 
ancestors ; to decay in virtue or in kmd. 

i, E, T, O, U, Y, long ; a, fi, 1, O, IJ, Y, short; A, E, |, 9, V, Y, obscure.— FkRE, FAR, fAsT, ALL; HfilR, HER; 




Pe-^en'ER-ate, a. Decayed in virtue; degen- 
erated ; corrupt ; base ; vile. 
DE-(^i2N'ER-ATE-LY,ai In a degenerate manner. 
De-^en'er-ate-ness, n. Degeneracy. 
De-^En-er-a'tion, n. Act of degenerating. 
De-(^EN'er-ous, a. Degenerate ; vile ; base. [JJ.] 
De-glu'ti-nate, v. a. To unglue ; to loosen. 
DiGt-LU-Ti"TlON (deg-lu-tish'un), n. Act of 

Deg-RA-da'tiqn, n. Act of degrading; baseness; 

abasement ; debasement. 
De-grade', v. a. To place lower ; to lower ; to 

liimible ; to disgrace ; to depreciate. 
fDE-GRADE'MENT, n. Degradation. Milton. 
1)e-grad'ing-ly, ad. In a degrading manner. 
De-grejj', n. (iuality ; rank; station: — step: — 

a title or rank conferred by a college : — the 3C0tli 

part of a circle ; 60 geographical miles. 
De-his'cence, 71. Act of opening. 
£)E-Il6R?',prep. [Fr.] Without. 
D^-HORT', V. a. To dissuade. Bp. Hall. 
De-hor-ta'tion, n. Dissuasion. 
D:g-n6R'TA-TO-RY, a. Tending to dissuade. 
De'i-cide, n. The murder of a divine being. 
Dg-iF'lc, De-Tf'i-cal, a. Making divine. 
DE-l-Fl-CA'TtON, n. The act of deifying. 
Ue'i-fI-er, n. One who deifies. 
De'i-form, (I. Of a godlike form. 
Dfi'i-FY, V. a. To make a god of; to adore. 
Deign (dan), v. n. To condescend ; to vouchsafe. 
Deign (dan), v. a. To grant ; to permit : to allow. 
DS-l Qra'ti-q, [L.] By the grace of God. 
De'i^.m, n. The doctrine or creed of a deist. 
De'ist, n. One who believes in the existence of 

God, but disbelieves revealed religion ; infidel. 
De-Is'tic, ) a. Partakuig of or belonging to 
D|-Ts'Ti-CAL, ) deism. 
De'1-ty, 71. The Divine Being; God. 

Syn. — Deity signifies the person, divinity the 

essence or nature of God. 
DE-JiiCT', V. a. To cast down ; to depress. 
De-ject'ed, a. Cast down ; low-spirited. 
De-ject'ed-ly, ad. In a dejected manner. 
DE-jiJcT'ED-NESS, n. State of being cast down. 
De-jj3CT'er, n. One who dejects or casts down. 
DE-Jiic'TlpN, n. Lowness of spirits ; depression. 
Syn. — Dejection implies more than depression, 

and less than melancholy. Depression of spirits ; 

incurable melancholy. 
DE-JJJCT'URE (dejekt'yur), n. Excrement. 
Dejeuxer (da.''zhii-na.'),n. [Ft.] A breakfast. 
De jil're, [L.] {Law.) By or ot right ; by law. 
De'-lXpse', v. a. To glide or fall down. 
De-la'tion, n. Conveyance : — an accusation. 
De-lay', «. a. To defer; to put off; to hinder. 
De-lay', v. n. To linger ; to stop ; to procrastinate. 
De-lay', 7(. A deferring; stay; stop. 
De-lay'er, 77. One who delays. 
De' LE, V. a. [L. V. imperative., from deleo.] 

(^Printing-.) Delete; erase; blot out. 
Del'E-BLE, a. [delebilis, L.] That may be effaced. 
DE-LiiCT'A-BLE,a. Pleasing; delightful; pleasant. 
DE-LECT'A-BLE-Niiss, 71. Deliglitfuhiess. 
De-LECT'a-BLY, ad. Delightfully ; pleasantly. 
Del-ec-ta'tion, n. Pleasure : delight. 
DEl'e-gate, v. a. To send on an embassy ; to 

depute ; to intrust. 
Del'e-gate, 71. One who is sent or deputed by 

others ; a deputy ; a representative. 
Del'e-gate or DEl'e-gat-ed, a. Deputed. 
Del-e-ga'tion, 71. Act of sending away ; a put- 
ting in commission : — the persons deputed. 
De-len' DA, [L.] Things to be erased. 
De-lete_', v. a. To blot out ; to efface ; to erase. 
DEl-:5-te'r!-oOs, a. Destructive; injurious. 
De-le'tiqn, 71. Act of blotting out ; erasure. 
DElft or DliLF, 77. Earthen-ware ; counterfeit 

China ware, originally made at Delft. 
De-lib'er-ate, v. n. To ponder in the mind ; to 

think ; to consider ; to hesitate. 
DE-LfB'ER-ATE, 7;. a. To weigh ; to consider. 

De-lYb'er-ate, a. Cautious ; considerate ; slow. 
DE-LiB'ER-ATE-LY, ad. In a deliberate manner. 
DE-LiB'ER-ATE-NESS, 77. Cautiou ; deliberation. 
De-lib-er-A'tion, n. Act of deliberating ; thought. 
De-lib'er-a-tIve, a. Containing deliberation. 
DE-LiB'ER-A-TiVE-L Y, ad. In a deliberate manner. 
Del'i-ca-cy, ?t. Something delicate; daintiness; 

nicety ; softness ; politeness ; tenderness. 
Di3L'l-CATE, a. Nice ; dainty ; fine ; polite ; soft. 
DiJL'i-CATE-LY, ad. In a delicate manner ; softly. 
DiiL'l-CATE-NESS, 77. Tendeniess ; softness. 
DE-Li"ciOVS (de-lish'us), a. Higiily pleasing; 

very grateful ; sweet ; agreeable ; charming. 
De-li"cious-ly, ad. In a delicious manner. 
De-li"cious-ness, 71. Delight; great pleasure. 
DiSL-f-GA'TlON, 77. (Surgery.) Act of binding up. 
De-light' (de-llt'), 71. Pleasurable emotion ; joy ; 

great pleasure ; high satisfaction. 
De-light' (de-llf), v. a. To please greatly; to 

gratify ; to satisfy ; to charm. 
De-light' (de-lit'), v. n. To have pleasure. 
De-l1ght'fOL (de-llt'ful), a. Highly pleasing. 
Syn. — Delightful scene or spectacle ; charming 

music ; pleasing address. 
De-light'ful-ly, ail. In a delightful manner. 
DE-LiGilT'FfJL-NiJss, 77. Great pleasure; deliglit. 
De-light's6me (de-lit'sum), a. Delightful. 
DE-LiN'E-A-MiiNT, ?(. A dravving ; delineation. 
DE-LiN'E-ATE,7). a. To design ; to sketch ; to paint. 
De-lTn-e-a'tion, 77. Tile first draught ; a drawing. 
DE-LTN'E-A-TpR,7i. One who delineates. 
De-l1n'quen-cy, n. A fault; a misdeed ; offence. 
De-lin'QUENT (de-ling'kwent), 71. An offender. 
DE-L'iN'QUENT, a. Falluig in duty ; faulty. 
fDEL'l-QUATE, ». 77. &a. To melt ; to deliquesce. 
DJJL-l-QUESCE' (del-e-kwes'), v. n. To melt 

slowly in the air; to attract water from the a.\f 
DiJL-l-QUi-i'cENCE, 77. A melting in the air. 
DiJL-i-Quiis'cENT, a. Melting in the air. 
De-li"QUI-ate (de-lik'we-at),ti. 71. Todeliquesce. 
DJE-lI" QUI-UM {(ie-\i^''W<i-am),n. [L.] Amelf 

ing in the air ; deliquescence ; a fainting. 
tDE-LlR'A-MENT, 77. A doting or foolish fancy. 
Dr lir'i-oDs, a. Light-headed; raving; doting. 
DL-LlR'i-ovs-NESS, 77. The state of one raving. 
De-lTr'i-ijm, 77. [L.] A disorder of the uitellect; 

alienation of mind, as in fever ; insanity. 
De-tir'i-umtre'menf, [L.] {Med.) A disorder of 

the brain, almost peculiar to drunkards. 
Di2L-!-Til;s'cENCE, 77. Retirement; subsidence. 
De-lTv'er, 7). a. Tosetfree; to release ; to rescue: 

— to surrender ; to give up : — to speak ; to utter. 
Syii. — Deliver from the hands of an enemy : 

set free or liberate from prison ; release from bond- 
age ; rescue from captivity ; surrender to an ene- 
my ; deliver a discourse ; speak the truth ; utter a 

De-liv'er-ance, m. Release; rescue; delivery. 
De-lTv'er-er, n. One who delivers. 
De-liv'er-y, 77. Act of delivering ; deliverance ; 

release ; rescue : — a surrender : — pronunciation ; 

utterance ; speech : — childbirth. 
DiiLL, 71. A pit ; a cavity ; a shady covert ; a dale. 
DiiLPH, 77. Earthen-ware. See Delft. 
DiiL'puic, a. Relating to Delphi ; oracular. 
Di3L'PHjNE,a. Relating to the dauphin of France, 

or to an edition of the classics : — relating to the 

DlJL'piliN-lTE, 77. {Min.) A variety of epidote. 
Del'ta, 77. The Greek letter A : — a term applied 

to an alluvial tract of country shaped like thai 

letter, between diverging mouths of a river, and 

subject to inundation. 
DfiL'TiJiD (del'tbld), 77. A triangular muscle. 
DiiL'TolD, a. Resembling the Greek letter delta. 
De-lud'a-BLE, a. Liable to be deluded or de' 

DE-LfiUE', 75. a. To impose upon ; to deceive ; U 

clieat; to disappoint ; to mislead. 
De-lui)'er, 77. One wlio doliules. 
DE-LiJD'!NG,7!. Deception; collusion; falsehood. 

M1en,S'IR; m6vE, nor, s5N; eOlL, BLJR, R0LE.— c,9,g, so/«; e, G, j,|, hard; ^ as 2 ; ;? as gz : THIS, 




D£l'u(^E (del'luj), n. A general inundation; 

an overflowing of water ; a flood. 
DiSli'uGE, V. a. To drown ; to overwhelm. 
De-lu'§ion (de-lu'zhun), ii. Act of deluding ; 

state of being deluded ; deceit; illusion. 
De-lu'sive, ) a. Tending to delude ; deceptive ; 
De-lu'sq-ry, \ illusory. 
DELVE, V. a. To dig; to open with a spade. 
DiiLVE (delv), n. [t A cave :] a quantity of coals. 
DiiLV'ER, n. One who delves ; a digger. 
DEm'a-g5gue (dem'j-gog), n. A ringleader of a 

faction ; a popular and factious orator. 
DE-MAI^'' ^r De-m£sne' (de-man' or de-men'), 

ide-nidn', W. J. F. K. S?n. ; de-man', S. E. Ja. ; 

de-man' or de-men', P.J, n. A manor-house and 

adjacent land ; estate in land. 
De-hand', 1'. a. To ask with authority ; to claim ; 

to c:ill for ; to challenge ; to exact. 
De-mand', n. A claim ; a question ; a calling. 
De-3Iand'a-BLE, a. That may be demanded. 
De-mAnd'ant, J!. (Lmo.) A plaintitrin an action. 
De-mand'er, 71. One who demands. 
D£-MAR-CA'TlON, re. Division; boundary. 
DE-MiJAN', V. a. To behave ; to carry one's self. 
DE-MiJAN'OR, re. Carriage; behavior; conduct. 
De'men-cy, re. Loss of mind or understanding; 

folly ; dementia ; insanity. 
De-mj3N'tate, v. a. To make mad or insane. 
De-mE;n'tate, a. Infatuated ; insane. 
De-Men-tA'tiqn, re. Act of making mad or frantic. 
DE-MiiNT'ED,a. Insane; mad; infatuated. 
De-men' TI-A,n. [L.] {Med.) Insanity ; Aemency. 
Dii-MEPH'I-TIZE, V. a. To cleanse from foul air. 
De-mer'it, re. Desert of ill or blame ; ill desert. 
De-mee'sion (de-mer'shun), re. Immersion. 
DE-Mji|'MER-IzE, c. a. To free aom the ftifluence 

of Mesmerism. 
DE-Mi2SNE' (de-men'), n. See Demain. 
D£m'i (dem'e)', [demt, Fr.] A prefix or insepara- 
ble [jarticle, used in composition, and signifying 

half; as, demig-od. that is, half a god. 
D£m'!-D)3v'il (dem'e-dev'vl), re. Half a devil. 
Dem'J-god, re. Haifa god ; a great hero. 
Dj5m'i-j6hn (dem'e-jon), re. A large glass vessel. 
DiJM'i-QUA-VER, ?!.' (Mils.) Half a quaver. 
Dem'1-REP, 71. A woman of suspicious character. 
DE-M15E', 71. Death of a royal person ; decease. 
De-miijE', v. a. To grant at one's death ; to will. 
DEM-t-SEai'l-QUA-VER, re. Half a semiquaver. 
De-mis'siqn (de-mish'un), re. Degradation. 
jDE-MiT', V. a. To depress ; to let fall. 
DiJM'i-TiNT, 71. A sort of medial or half-tint. 
De-moc'ra-cy, re. A government administered 

by the people ; a republic. 
Dem'p-crat, re. One devoted to democracy. 
DeM-O-crat'ic, ) a. Pertaining to democracy ; 
Dem-p-crat'i-cal, i popular. 
Dem-p-crat'i-cal-ly, ad. In a democratical 

De-moc'ra-tist, re. A democrat. [«.] 
De-m6l'ish, v. a. To throw down ; to destroy. 
Syn. — Demolish the walls ; overthrow the col- 
umns ; raze the city ; dismantle the towers ; de- 
stroy the fortifications. 
De-mol'isiier, re. One who demolishes. 
DE-MOL'isii-MisNT, 7i. Destruction; demolition. 
DEM-o-L.l"TipN (dem-o-lish'un), n. Destruction. 
De'mon, re. A spirit ; an evil spirit ; a devil. 
De-mo'ni-ac, re. One possessed by a demon. 
De-mo'ni-Ac, ) a. Belonging to a demon or an 
DEivr-O-Nl'A-CAL,, ) evil spirit ; devilish. 
De-mS'ni-an, a. Devilish; demoniac. 
Df'MON-iijM, n. The worship of demons. 
DE-MON-oc'RA-cY, re. Government of demons. 
DiJ-MON-OL'A-TRY, M. Worship of demons. 
DE-MON-OL'o-f^Y, re. A treatise on evil spirits. 
Dii'MpN-SHiP, re! The state of a demon. 
De-m6n''stra-ble , a. That may be demonstrated. 
De-mon'stra-ble-ness, 7i. The state of being 

De-m6n'stra-bly, ad. Evidently ; clearly. 

De-mSn'strate [de-mon'strat, S. W. P. J. E. F.' 
Ja. K. Sm. R. C. ; dem'on-strat, Wi.], v. a. To 
prove with certainty ; to make evident; to evince; 
to show by experiment. See Contemplate. 
Dem-pn-stra'tipn, re. Act of demonstrating ; in- 
dubitable proof. 
De-m6n'stra-tive, a. Invincibly conclusive. 
De-m6n'str^-txve-ly, ad. Clearly ; plainly. 
DJJJi'pN-sTRA-TpR or De-m6n'stra-tpr [dSm'- 
un-stra-tur, S. R. Wb. ; dem-un-stril'tur, P. Ja. ; 
dera-un-stra'tyr or de-mon'stra-tur, W. K. Sire.], 
n. One who demonstrates. 
De-mon'stra-to-ry, o. Tending to demonstrate. 
De-mor-al-j-za'tion, 71. Destruction of morals. 
De-Mor'al-ize, u. a. To destroy the morals of. 
DE-MOT'ic,a. Popular; applied to a kind of hiero- 

glyphical writing of the ancient Egyptians, 
De-mDe'cent, a. Softening; mollit'yiiig. 
De-mOe'cent, 7(. {Med.) A softening or molli- 
fying application or medicine. 
DE-MiJR', V. re. To delay ; to pause ; to hesitate 
DE-MiJR', re. Doubt ; hesitation ; a pause. 
De-MURE', a. Sober; grave; downcast; modest. 
De-mOre'ly, ad. In a demure manner. 
De-mOre'ness, re. Affected modesty ; gravity. 
De-mur'RA-ble, a. Tliat may be denmrred to. 
DE-MiJR'RA^E, n. Delay of a vessel : — an allow- 
ance for delaying ships. 
De-mUr'rer, ?i. One who demurs. — {Law.) An 
issue between the plaintiff and defendant; a stop. 
De-my', n, A particular size of paper. 
Den, re. A cavern ; the cave of a wild beast. 
DElN, V. re. To dwell as in a den. 
De-na' Ri-us,n, ; -pi. de-na' Ri-J. [L.] A Ro- 
man silver coin, of the value of about 10 cents. 
Den'a-ry, a. Containing ten. — re. Ten. 
DE-Nj\"TlpN-AL-lZE (de-nash'un-al-iz), v. a. To 

deprive of national rights. 
De-nat'u-ral-ize, v. a. To make unnatural. 
Den'drIte, ?i. {Mill.) A mineral having figures 

of trees or shrubs. 
Den-drit'ic, a. Veined like the leaves of trees. 
DfiN'DROiD, a. Resembling a tree or shrub. 
Den-drol'p-^ist, re. One versed in dendrology. 
DEN-DROL'p-qfy, n. The natural history of trees. 
Den-dr6m'e-ter,w. An instrument for measur- 
ing trees, 
De-ni'a-ble, a. Capable of being denied. 
De-Ni'al, h. Negation ; refusal ; abjuration. 
De-ni'er, re. One who denies ; a refuser. 
DiJN'l-GRATE [den'e-grat, P. Ja. K. Sm. Wb. ; de- 
ni'grat, S. J. F. ; den'e-grat or de-ni'grat, W], 
V. a. To blacken, [i?.] 
DlsN-l-ZA'TloN, re. The act of enfranchising. 
Den'i-zen, re. A foreigner enfranchised. 
Den'i-zen (den'e-zn), v. a. To enfranchise. 
De-n6m'i-na-ble, a. That may be named. 
De-n6m'i-nate, v. a. To confer a name upon, or 

give a name to ; to name ; to style. 
De-n6m-i-na'tipn, re. Act of naming ; a name: 

— a sect or class, as of Christians. 
De-nom'i-n^-tive, a. That gives a name. 
DE-NOM'i-NA-TpR, re. The giver of a name — 
( Vulgar Fractions.) The number below the line- 
De-n6t'a-ble, a. Capable of being marked. 
DfiN-p-TA'TlpN, re. The act of denoting. 
De-note', v. a. To mark ; to signify ; to betoken. 
De-n6te'ment, re. A sign ; an indication. Shak. 
Denouement (den-o'mang'), n. [Fr.] The 
discovery of the plot of a drama or poem ; catas- 
De-nounce', v. a. To threaten and censure pub- 
licly ; to condemn ; to accuse ; to censure. 
De-NoOnce'MENT, re. Denunciation. 
De-noOn'cer, re. One who denounces. 
De no'vo, [L.J Anew ; from the beginning. 
DENSE, a. Close ; compact ; thick ; almost solid. 
DiiN'si-TV, re.. Closeness ; compactness. 
Dent, 7). a. To mark with a dent ; to indent 
Dent, 71. A mark ; an indentation. 
DEn'tal, a. Belonging to the teeth. 

A, E, I, 6, 0, Y, long ; X, E, i, O, C, Y, short ; A, E, I, Q, V, Y, obscure.— TARB, fXR, FSST, all ; HEIR, HRBi 




DSn'tal, n. A letter pronounced principally by 
the agency of the teeth. The dentals are d, j, s, 
t, z, and D- soft. 

Den'taxe, D£n'tat-ed, a. Pointed, like teeth. 

Den-ta'tiojj, n. Formation of teeth. 

Dent'ed, a. Notched , indented. 

Den-tel' LI, n. pi. [It.J {Arch.) Modillions. 

DiiN'Ti-CLE, 11. An ornament resembling a tooth; 
a projecting point ; dentil. 

Den-tic'u-late, ) a. Set with small teeth; 

DjpN-Tic'y-LAT-ED, \ having small teeth. 

Den-tic-U-la'tion, n. State of being denticu- 

Den'ti-form, a. Having the form of teeth. 

DEN'Tl-FRiCE, n. A powder for the teeth. 

Den'tii., n. A raodillion ; denticle. 

Den'tist, n. A surgeon or doctor for the teeth. 

DEn'tis-trv, n. The business of a dentist. 

DEN-Ti"TlON, n. The breeding of teeth. 

Den'toid, a. Resembling a tootli. 

De-nu'date, v. a. To make bare by flow of wa- 
ter ; to divest ; to strip. 

Den-u-da'tion, n. Act of denudating ; a strip- 
ping or making naked. 

De-nOde', ti. (I. To strip. 

De-nun'ci-ate (de-niiu'she-at), v. a. To de- 
nounce ; to threaten. 

De-nDn-ci-a'tiqn (de-niin-she-a'shun), n. The 
act of denouncing ; public menace. 

De-nDn'ci-a-TOR (de-nun'she-a-tur), n. One who 
denounces or threatens. 

De-nDn'ci-a-to-ry (de-nun'she-gi-to-re), a. Con- 
taining denunciation ; censorious. 

DE-Nif', V. a. To contradict ; to disown ; torefase. 
Syn. — He denied the fact, contradicted the state- 
ment,. disojcnefZ his connection with it, and refused 
compliance with the request. 

De-5b'stru-ent, a. Removing obstructions. 

De-ob'strv-ent, n. An aperient medicine. 

De'p-dand, n. A thing given or forfeited to God. 

De-o'dor-Iz-er, n. A disinfecting substance 
which destroys fetid effluvia. 

De-on-tol'p-^^ist, n. One versed in deontology. 

DE-pN-TOL'o-y^y, n. The science of ethics. 

De-6x'i-date, v. a. To deoxidize. 

De-ox-i-da'tion, ) n. The process of extract- 

De-ox'id-ize-ment, \ ing oxygei. 

De-6x'[d-ize, v. a. To deprive of oxygen ; to re- 
duce to the state of an oxide. 

De-part', v. n. To go away ; to leave ; to decease. 

De-part'in&, H. A going away; separation. 

De-part'ment, n. A province or territorial di- 
vision : ^a division of executive government : — 
separate part, office, or division. 

De-part Mii.VT'AL, a. Relating to a department. 

De-part'ure (de-pirt'yur), n. A going away ; 
a forsaking ; an abandoning: — death ; decease. 

De-pAst'ure (de-p4st'yur), v. n. To pasture. 

De-pau'per-ate, v. a. To make poor, 

tDE-PEC-U-LA'TloN, n. Peculation. 

De-pend', v. n. To hang from ; to rely ; to adhere. 

De-pend'ant, n. One who is subordinate or de- 
pendent : — written also dependent. 

De-pEnd'ence, )n. State of being subordinate ; 

De-pEnd'en-cy, ) connection ; trust ; reliance. 

De-pexd'ent, a. Hanging down ; subordinate. 

De-pEn'd'ent, 71. One subordinate ; a dependant. 

De-pEnd'ER, n. One who depends ; a dependent. 

De-phleg'mate, •!). a. To clear from phlegm : — 
to clear from vvater ; to distil. 

DEpii LEG-MA'TION, 71. Separation of phlegm. 

DEPil-LO-f/is'Tl-CATE, V. a. To deprive of phlo- 
giston, or the principle of inflammability. 

De-pict', 7j. a. To paint; to portray ; to describe. 

De-pTct'lire (dc-pikt', v. a. To depict. 

DiJP'l-LATE, c. a. To pull off hair. [R.] 

DEp-i-la'tion, 71. A pulling olTthe hair. 

*DE-Pir.'A-TO-Ry [de-pil'fi-tiir e, JV. P. Sm. TVh. ; 
de-pl'la-tur-e, S. Ja.], a. Taking away the hair. 

*De p(L'A-T9-BY, 71. That which takes away 

De-pT'lous or Dep'i-loijs [de-pi'lns, S. W. F. Jiu; 
dep'e-las, K. Srn.], a. Without hair. 

DEp-lan-ta'tiqn, n. Act of taking up plants. 

De-plE'tion, n. An emptying ; a blood-letting. 

De-ple'to-ry, a. Causing depletion. 

De-plor'a-ble, a. That is to be deplored ; 1am- 
entaWe ; sad ; calamitous ; grievous. 

De-plor'a-ble-ness,7i. State of being deplorable. 

De-plor'a-bly, ad. Lamentably ; miserably. 

DEp-lo-ra'tion, ?!. Act of deploring ; lamentation. 

De-plore', v. a. To lament ; to bewail ; to mourn. 

De-plor'er, 71. Alamenter; a mourner. 

De-ploy', v. a. To display ; to open ; to unfold. 

DEp-lu-ma'tion,71. Loss of feathers or eyelashes. 

DE-PLfiME', V. a. To strip of feathers. 

De-po'nent, 7f. (Law.) One who makes a dep- 
osition ; a witness. — ( Oram.) A deponent verb. 
Syn. — A (/c/)07ie?if gives a deposition as written 
testiinony ; a witness gives verbal testimony. 

De-p6'nent, a. Notiiig Latui verbs which have 
a passive form, but an active meaning. 

De-pop'u-late, 7j. a. To dispeople ; to lay waste. 

De-p6p'u-l,ate, v. 11. To become dispeopled. 

De-p6p-u-la'tipn,7(. Destruction ; havoc ; waste. 

De-pop'u-la-tor, 11. One wlio depopulates. 

Deport', v. a. To carry ; to demean ; to behave. 

fDE-PORT', 7t. Demeanor ; deportment. Milton. 

DEP-pR-TA'TlpN, n. Transportation ; exile. 

De-p6rt'ment, n. Manner of conducting one's 
selfj carriage ; conduct ; bearing ; demeanor. 

De-p5§'a-BLE, a. That may be deposed. 

De-po'§al, 7i. Act of depriving of sovereignty. 

De-po§e', v. a. To degrade ; to divest ; to attest. 

De-p6|E', 7).7i. To bear witness : to testify. 

De-po5'er,7i. One who deposes or degrades. 

De-po^'it v. a. To lay up ; to lodge ; to place. 

De POij'iT, 71. That whicli is deposited ; a pledge ; 
a pawn ; a security : — a depository. 

Syn. — He made a deposit of money ; gave secu- 
rity for performance ; gave a pledge ; redeemed 
the pawn. 

DE-Pof'i-TA-RY, n. One to whom a thing is in- 

DEP-p-§T"TlpN (dep-o-zish'un), 77. Act of depos- 
ing : — the testimony of a witness or deponent re 
duced to writing and signed. See Affidavit. 

De-po^'j-tor, 71. One who makes a deposit. 

De-p6§'i-tp-ry, n. A place lor lodging any thing. 

r>E-Po?'T-TtfM, n. [I/.] A deposit. 

I)E-p6T'\de-po') [de-po', K. R. C. ; da-po', Ja. 
Sm..],n. [Fr.] A place of deposit ; a magazhie : 
— a place for stopping and starting cm a railroad. 

DEP-RA-VA'TIpN, 11. Corruption ; depravity. 

De-prave', v. a. To make bad ; to corrupt. 

De-prav'er, n. One who depraves ; a corrupter^ 

De prav'i-ty, 71. State of being depraved ; dep- 
ravation ; corruption ; a vitiated state. 

Syn. — Depravity of mind ; depravation ot 
morals; corruption of principle, of language. 

DEp're-cate, v. a. To beg off; to pray against. 

DEP-RE-CA'TlpN,7i. Prayer against evil ; entreaty. 

I)Ep're-ca-tive, ) a. That serves to deprecate ; 

1)Ep're-ca-tp-ry, \ entreating; apologetic. 

DEp'r^-ca-tor, n. One who deprecates. 

De-pre'ci-ate (de-pr5'she-at), v. a. To lower 
the price of; to lessen in value ; to disparage. 

DE-PRE-ci-A'TlpN (de-pre-she-a'shun), 7^ Act 
of depreciating ; decrease of value. 

DEp're-date, v. a. To rob ; to pillage ; to spoil. 

DEp-RE-DA'TlpN,?i. A robbing; a spoiling : waste. 

DEp're-da-tor, 7t. A robber ; a de vomer. 

De-prEss', v. a. To cast down; to humble; to 
deject ; to dispirit ; to discourage. 

De-prEs'sion (de-presh'un), n. Act of depress- 
ing ; abasement : — melancholy ; dejection. 

De-prEs'sive, a. Tending to depress. 

De-prEs'.sor, n. He or that which depresses. 

DT>-PRlv'A-ni^E,a. Liable to deprivation. 

DEp-RI-VA'TipN, 77. Act of depriving ; loss. 

De-prTve', v. a. To take from; to bereave; to 

MlEN,SlR- MOVE, NOR, s6N; BOLLjBIJR, rOlE. — 9, (,*,*, w/t ; E , G , C,%, hard ; if OiZ; )<: aa gz : THIS. 




Syn. — Deprived of comforts ; bereft of children ; 
debarred from privileges. 
De-priv'er, n. He or that which deprives. 
Depth, n. Distance below the surface ; deepness : 

— middle : — abstruseness ; obscurity : — sagacity. 
De-pul'sion, n. A driving or thrusting away. 
De-pijl'so-ry, a. Putting away ; averting. 
Dep'v-rate, v. a. To purify ; to cleanse. 

Dep' V-RATE, a. Cleansed ; pure ; freed from dregs. 
DEp-v-ra'tiqn, m. Act of cleansing. 
Dep-u-ta'tiqn, n. Act of deputing ; delegation : 

— the persons deputed. 

De-PUTE', v. a. To send with a special commis- 
sion ; to empower to act ; to delegate. 

Di3P'u-TiZE,«. a. To depute. — [Not in good use.] 

Dep'u-TY, v. One appointed to act for anotlier; a 
representative .- — a lieutenant ; a viceroy. 

De-ra^'i-nate, v. a. To pluck up by the roots. 

fDE-RAIGN' (de-ran'), v. a. To prove ; to justify. 

i)E-RAN(jJE', V. a. To disorder; to disarrange. 

De-rang^ed' (de -ranjd'), p. a. Displaced : — dis- 
ordered in mind ; insane. 

DjE-RAN^tE'MENT, n. Act of deranging; disar- 
rangement ; disorder : — mental disorder ; insanity. 

Der'e-lTct, n. (Law.) Any thing forsaken or 
left by the owner. 

Der'e-lict, a. Purposely relinquished ; forsaken. 

Der-j;-L1C'tion, n. Act of forsaking ; desertion. 

De-ride', B. a. To laugh at; to scoff at ; to mock ; 
to jeer ; to ridicule. 

De-rid'er, 7i. One who derides ; a scoffer. 

DE-RlD'iNa-LY, ad. In a jeering manner. 

De-r1'"sion fde-rizh'un), n. Act of deriding or 
laughing at ; mockery ; scorn ; ridicule. 

Syn. — Derision and mockery are applied to 
persons ; ridicule, to persons or things. 

De-ri'sive, a. Containing derision ; mocking. 

De-ri'sq-ry, a. Mocking ; ridiculing ; derisive. 

DE-Riv'^-BLE,a. That may be derived ; deducible. 

Der-I-va'tion, n. Act of deriving ; deduction. 

DE-R'iv'A-Tl'VE, a. Derived from another. 

De-riv'a-tive, n. The thing or word derived. 

De-riv'a-tTve-ly, ad. In a derivative manner. 

De-rive', v. a. To deduce ; to draw ; to trace. 
Syn. — Words are derived from their etymons, 
and are traced to their sources: — deduce princi- 
ples; draw inferences. 

De-riv'er, n. One who derives or draws. 

DiJRM, n. The skin or integument of animals. 

Der'mal, a. Relating to the derm or skin. 

Dernier (dern-y4r' or der'ne-er) [dern-yar', S. 
FT. J. F.; (idt'ne-er, P. Sm.],' a. [Ft.] Last; 
final : —used only in the phrase dernier resort. 

DEr'o-gate, v. a. To disparage ; to diminish. 

Djjr'o-gate, v. 11. To detract ; to take away. 

Der'q-gate, a. Degraded ; damaged. 

Di2R-p-Gl'TIpN, n. A defamation ; detraction. 

De-rog'a-to-ri-ly, ad. In a detracting manner. 

De-rSg'a-TO-rj-ness, n. State of being deroga- 

De-rog'a-to-ry, a. Tending to lessen or de- 
grade ; degrading; detracting; dishonorable. 

Der'rick, n. (^JVaut.) A tackle consisting of a 
double and single block. — (Arch.) A machine 
for raising heavy weights. 

Der'vis, n. A Turkish priest or monk. 

Des'c ANT, n. A song : — a discotirse ; a disputation. 

Des-c ant' (114), V. n. To sing : — to discourse. 

DE-sciJND' (de-send'), v. n. To come or go down. 

De-scijnd'ant, n. The offspring of an ancestor. 

De-scisnd'ent, a. Falling ; descending. 

DE-scEND-I-BiL'}-TY,7i. State of being descendible. 

DE-sciiND'i-BLE, a. That may descend. 

DE-sci3N'sipN, n. A going downward ; declension. 

De-scen'siqn-al, a Relating to descent. 

De-scen'sive, a. Descending ; tending downward. 

DE-sciiNT', n. Progress downwards ; declivity; 
inclination : — invasion : — birth ; extraction. 

De-scrib'a-ble, a. That may be described. 

De-scribe', v. a. To define by properties ; to 
represent by words ; to delineate ; to mark out. 

De-scrTb'er, n. One who describes. 

De-scri'er, n. One who descries; a discoverer. 

DE-sckiP'TlQN,?!. Act of describing ; delineation 
of properties ; representaticm ; definition. 

De-scri^p'tive, a. Containing description. 

De-scry', v. a. To spy out ; to detect ; to discover. 

Diis'E-CRATE,t!. a. To profane by misapplication : 
— to divert from a sacred purpose ; to dishonor. 

Des-e-cra'tiqn, 7s. Act of desecrating ; profana- 

De§'ert, n. A wilderness ; solitude ; waste. 

Dii^'ERT, a. Wild ; waste ; solitary ; lonely ; void. 

De-§ert', v. a. To forsake ; to abandon ; to leave. 

De-^ert', v. n. To run away clandestinely. 

De-§ert', n. Claim to reward ; merit or demerits 
Syn. — Good or ill desert ; high merit ; just claim ; 
moral ivorth. 

De-§ert'er, n. One who deserts. 

DE-f er'tion, 7J. Act of deserting; dereliction. 

DE-§i3RVE', V. n. To be worthy of good or ill. 

DE-§iJRVE', V. a. To be vs^orthy of; to merit. 

De-§erved' (de-zervd'), p. a. Merited ; earned. 

De-|erv'ed-ly (de-zerv'ed-le), ad. Worthily. 

De-§erv'er, n. One who merits reward. 

De-§erv'ing, a. Worthy; meritorious. 

De-serv'ing-ly, arf. Worthily; meritoriously. 

DeS-HA-BTlle', n. See Dishabille. 

De-sic'cant, n. An application that dries up. 

*De-sIc'cate [d9-sik'kat, S. fV. P. J. F. Ja. K. 
Sm. R. ; des'e-kat, Wb.], v. a. To dry up. 

*DE-stc'cATE,' V. n. To grow dry. 

Des-ic-ca'tiqn, n. The act of making dry. 

De-sic'ca-tIve, a. Having the power of drying. 

De-s'id'er-ate, v. a. To want; to miss; to de- 

De-sid'er-a-tTve, a. Implying desire. [sire. 

De-sid-er-a' TUM, n. ; pi. de-sTd-er-a' ta. 
[L.] Something not possessed, but desired or 

*De-sign' (de-sin' or de-zin') [de-sIn', TV. P. J. 
F. Sm. C. Wb. ; de-zIn', S. E. Ja. K.],v. a. To 
purpose ; to intend ; to plan ; to project ; to 
sketch out ; to delineate. 

*De-sign' (de-sin' or de-zin'), n. An intention ; 
a purpose ; a scheme ; a plan of action ; a sketch, 
Sy7i. — He formed a design, cherished an inten- 
tion, devised a scheme, executed a purpose, and 
made a sketch. 

*De-sign'a-ble (de-sin'?-bl), a. Capable of 
being designed. 

Des'ig-nate fdes'ig-nat, Tf. Ja. K. Sm. Wb. ; de- 
sig'nat, P. J.'], V. a. To point out ; to mark. 

Des-ig-Na'TIOn, n. Appointment ; direction. 

Des'ig-na-tive, a. Appointing ; showing. [/£.] 

*De-sign'ed-ly (de-sin'ed-le), ad. Purposely. 

*De-sign'er (de-sin'er),7i. One who designs : — 
one who forms a plan in painting, &c. 

*De-sign'ing (de-sin'ing), p. a. Insidious. 

*DE-siGN'iNG (de-sin'ing), n. Act of deline- 
ating ; delineation. 

*De-sign'ment (de-sin'ment), n. Design. Shak, 

De-sIp'i-ent, a. Foolish ;' trifling ; playful. 

DE-§fR'A-BLE, a. Worthy of desire ; pleasing. 

DE-|iR'A-BLE-Ni3SS, 7i. duality of being desirable. 

De-^ire', 71. Wish ; eagerness to obtain or enjoy. 

De-§ire', v. a. To wish ; to long for ; to covet. 

De-|ir'er, n. One who is eager for any thing. 

De-^iir'ous, a. Full of desire ; eager ; coveting. 

De-^ir'ovs-ly, ad. Eagerly; with desire. 

DE-siR'ous-Niiss, n. Fulness of desire. 

•"-•E-siST' [de sist', rv. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. R. C. 
Wb. ; de-zist', S.], v. n. To cease from ; to st(,p. 

*De-sis'tance, 71. Desisting; cessation. 

Desk, n. An inclining table for writers or readers : 
— a pulpit. 

Des'mine,?!. (Min.) A variety of foliated zeolite. 

Des-mol'p-c^y, 7!. That part of anatomy which 
relates to the tendons and ligaments. 

Dlis'p-LATE, V. a. To depopulate ; to lay waste. 

Dfis'p-LATE, a. Laid waste; uninhabited; soli, 
tary ; lonely ; comfortless. 

D£s'p-LATE-LY, ad. In a desolate manner. 

X, E,Tj o, u, Y, long; X, £, I, 6, t), $, short ; A, E, l, p, y, Y, obscure.— fAre, fXr, fAst, all; HfilR, HiJKj 




D£s'p-LAT-ER, n. One who causes desolation. 

Des-q-la'tiqn, n. Act of desolating; a desolate 
place ; loneliness ; gloominess ; destruction. 

Des'p-la-to-ry, a. Causing desolation. 

De-spair', 71. Hopeless state ; despondence. 

Syn. — Despair or hopelessness checks exertion ; 
despondence or despondency unfits for exertion ; 
desperation impels to greater exertion. 

De-spair', v. n. To be without hope ; to despond. 

De-spair'er, n. One without hope. 

De-spAir'ing-LY, ad. In a despairing manner. 

De-spatch', v. a. To send away hastily j to 
hasten : — to kill : — written also dispatch. 

De-spatch', yi. Haste; an express ; message. 

De-spatch'er, n. He or that which despatches. 

De-SPaTCH'FUL, a. Bent on haste. Mdton. [ij.] 

DEs-PE-RA'DO [des-pe-ra'do, P. E. F. Sm. Wb.; 
des-pe-ra'do, Ja.], n. One who is desperate. 

Des'pe-rate, a. Hopeless; mad; rash; furious. 

Des'pe-rAte-ly, ad. Hopelessly ; furiously. 

Des'pe-r^te-nEss, n. Madness ; fury. 

Des-pE-ra'TION, n. Absence of hope ; despair. 

Des'pi-ca-ble, a. That may be despised ; base ; 
mean ; contemptible ; vile ; worthless. 

Des'pi-ca-ble-ness, n. Meanness ; vileness. 

Dfis'pj-CA-BLY, ad. In a despicable manner. 

De-spI§'a-ble, a. Contemptible ; despicable. [R.] 

De-SPi|e', v. a. To scorn ; to contemn ; to disdain. 

De-spi§'ed-ness, n. State of being despised. 

DE-SPlf'ER, K. A contemner; a scorn er. 

De-spite', n. Malice ; anger ; malignity ; defiance. 

De-spite'ful, a. Malicious; full of spleen. 

De-spite'fOl-ly, ad. Maliciously ; malignantly. 

De-spite'fOl-ness, n. Malice ; hate ; malignity. 

De-spoil', v. a. To rob ; to deprive ; to divest. 

De-spoil'er, n. One who despoils ; a plunderer. 

De-spo-li-a'tion, n. The act of despoiling. 

De-spond', v. n. To lose hope ; to despair. 

De-sp6nd'en-cy, n. Loss of hope ; hopelessness ; 
dejection ; despair. 

De-spond'ent, a. Despairing ; hopeless. 

De-sp6nd'er, n. One who desponds. 

De-sp6nd'ing-ly, ad. In a hopeless manner. 

fDES-ppN-SA'TloN, n. The act of betrothing. 

JDes'pot, n. An absolute sovereign ; a tyrant. 

Des-pot'ic, ) a. Relating to despotism; ab- 

Des-pot'i-cal, ) solute i arbitrary; tyrannical. 

Des-pot'i-cal-ly, ad. In an arbitrary manner. 

Des'pqt-T^M, n. Absriute pc wcr ; tyranny. 

De-spD'MATE [de-spu'mat, S. P. Ja. K. Sm. ; des'- 
pu-mat, Wb.], V. n. To foam ; to froth. 

Des-pu-ma'_tion, n. Scum ; frothiness. 

Des-qua-ma'tion, n. Act of scaling bones. 

De^-Sert^, n. A service of fruits after meat. 

■fDES'^Tl-NATE, V. a. To design ; to destine. 

Des-ti-na'tiqn, n. Act of destining; purpose; 
fate ; end ; ultimate design ; destiny. 

Des'tine, v. a. To doom ; to appoint ; to devote. 

DEs'ti-nTst, n. A believer in destiny. 

D£s'ti-ny, M. Fate; invincible necessity ; doom. 
Syn. — Destiny and fate are pagan terms, corre- 
sponding nearly to necessity and providence. Des- 
tiny of man ; fate of mortals. Destination to a 
particular purpose ; absolute necessity ; the human 
lot ; final doom, 

Des'ti-tOte, a. Forsaken ; friendless ; in want 

Dfis-Ti-Tu'TlpN,m. State of being destitute ; want. 

De-stro\'', v. a. To lay waste ; to ruin ; to kill ; 
to overthrow ; to demolish. 

De-stroy'a-ble, a. Capable of being destroyed. 

De-stroy'er, n. One who destroys. 

De-strDct-i-bIl'i-ty, n. Liableness to destruc- 

Dij-STRticT'r-BLE, a. Liable to destruction. 

De-strIjc'tipn, n. Act of destroying ; extinction ; 
a kilUiig ; ruin ; overthrow. 

De-stkDc'ti VE, a. Causing destruction ; ruinous ; 
deadly ; fatal. 

DE-STKr;c'T!VE-LY,ad. In a destructive manner. 

DE-STRfic'TiVE-NEss, n. Quality of destroying. 
— {Phren.) A propensity to destroy or kill. 

Des-tj-da'tion, n. A profuse sweating. 
Des'ue-tude [des'we-tud, TV. J. F.Ja. K. Sm. R. 

C. Wb. ; de'swe-tud, S. ; de-su'e-tud, JE. j3sA], n. 

Discontinuance of habit ; disuse. 
DE-suL'PHy-RATE, V. a. To free from sulphur. 
Des'ul-to-ry [des'ul-tiir-e, S. W. P. J. F. Ja. 

K. Sm. R. C. Wb. : de-sul'tur-e, Ask, Entick], a. 

liOose ; unconnected ; unsettled ; immethodical ; 

cursory; hasty; slight. 
De-tXch', v. a. To separate ; to send off a party. 
De-t1ch'ment, 71. Act of detaching ; a thmg de- 
tached ; a body of troops detached. 
De-tail', v. a. To relate particularly. 
De-tail' or De'tail (114) [de-tSF, S. W. P. J.E. 

F. Ja. K. R. C. Wb. ; de'tal, Sm.], n. A minuta 

account ; recital ; narration. 
De-tail'er, n. One who relates particulars. 
De-tain', v. «. To withhold ; to keep ; to hold. 
De-tain'der, M. (Law.) A writ ; detinue. 
De-tain'er, n. He or tliat which detains. 
De-tain'ment, n. Act of detaining. 
De-tect', v. a. To lay bare what was concealed; 

to discover ; to find out ; to convict. 
De-tect'er, n. One who detects ; a discoverer. 
DE-TEc'TlpN, n. Discovei-y of guilt or wrong. 
De-tec'tive, a. That detects; discovering. 
DE-TENT'j.n.. A stop to a clock in striking. 
DE-TEN'TlpN, w. Act of keeping ; restraint. 
De-ter', v. a. To discourage by terror ; to hinder. 
DE-TER(;^E', V. a. To cleanse, as a sore. 
DE-TER'giENT, a. Having the power of cleansing. 
De-ter'^ent, n. That which cleanses. 
De-te'bi-p-rate,d. a. Toimpair; to make worse. 
De-te'ri-p-rate, v. n. To grow worse. 
De-te-ri-p-ra'tipn, n. Act of making worse. 
De-ter'ment, n. Act of deterring ; hinderance. 
De-ter'mi-na-ble, a. That may be determined. 
fDE-TER'Ml-NATE, V. a. To determine. Shak. 
De-ter'mi-nate, a. Definite ; decisive ; fixed. 
De-Ter'mi-N^TE-LY, ad. Definitely ; certainly. 
DE-TER-Mi-NA'TipN, 7!. Act of determining ;" di- 
rection ; resolution ; decision. 
De-ter'mi-na-tive, a. Directing to an end. 
De-ter'mi-na-tpr, n. One who determines. 
De-Ter'mine, v. a. To fix permanently ; to settle; 

to adjust; to conclude; to limit; to resolve; to 

De-ter'MINE, v. n. To conclude ; to decide. 
De-ter'mi'ned, p. a. Decided; fixed; resolute. 
Dg-TER'MJN-ER, n. One who determines. 
Dii-TER-RA'TlpN, ». Removal of earth. 
De-ter'rent, n. That which deters. 
DE-TER'sipN, 71. The act of cleansing a sore. 
De-ter'sive, a. Having power to cleanse. 
De-ter'sive, n. A cleansing application. 
De-test', v. a. To hate ; to abhor ; to abominate. 
De-t£st'a-ble, a. That may be detested ; very 

odious : — hateful ; execrable ; abominable. 
De-test'a-ble-ness, n. State of being detestable. 
De-TEST'A-BLY, ad. Hatefully ; abominably. 
DEt-es-tA'tipn, 71. Hatred ; abhorrence. 
De-test^'er, 7(. One who detests or abhors. 
De-throne', v. a. To depose from a throne ; to 

divest of regality. 
De-thr6ne'ment, n. The act of dethroning. 
De-thron'er, 7!. One who dethrones. 
DEt'!-NUE or De-tYn'VE [det'e-nu,/r. Sm. C. Wb.; 

de-tin'u, S. W. Ja.], n. (Law.) A kind of writ 

or action. 
Det'p-nate, v. n. & a. To explode or cause to 

explodewith noise : — to inflame. 
DiiT-p-NA'TlpN, n. An explosion with noise. 
D£t'p-nize, v. n. & a. Same as detonate. 
DE-TOR'sipN, 7^. A perversion ; a wresting. 
De-tort', 71. a. To wrest from the original design. 
DE-Tduji' ((]^-t6i'),n. [Ft.] A turning ; a circuit. 
De-trXct', v. It. To derogate; to defame; to 

slander : — followed by from. 
De-trac'tipn, 71. Act of detracting ; slander. 
De-trSc'tiovs, a. Containing detraction. [R.] 
De-TrAc'tive, a. Tending to detract ; detracting. 

MlEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n ; BOLL, BUR, ROLE. — <;;,r/, |,to/(,- jC, G, 5, |, Aarrf; § asz ; ^assz: SFHia. 
19 H 




De-TRac'T(?r, n. One who detracts. 

De-trac'tq-ry, 0. Defamatory; derogatory. 

Dje-trXc'tress, n. A censorious woman. 

Dkt'ri-ment, 71. Loss; damage ; mischief. 

Det-ri-men'tal, o. Mischievous; causing loss. 

De-trI'tal, a. Relating to or containing detritus. 

DE-TRi"TlpN, n. The act of wearing away. 

De-tri'tus, n. [L.] (Oeol.) Earthy substance 
worn away by attrition or the action of water. 

De-trOde', v. a. To thrust down ; to depress. 

De-trDn'cate, r. o. To lop ; to cut ; to shorten. 

Det-run-ca'tion, n. The act of cutting off. 

DE-TRtt'flpN, n. The act of thrusting down. 

Deuce (diis), n. The tmo in cards or dice. 

DeOse (dus), n. A cant name for the devil. 

Deu-Ter-6g'a-m1st (du-ter-og'a-mist), n. One 
who enters into a second marriage. 

DEU-TJER-pGr'A-MY, n. A Second marriage. 

Deu-ter-6n'p-my, n. The second law ; the fifth 
book of Moses. 

Deu-ter-os'co-PY, n. Second meaning or sight. 

Deu-tox'ide, n. (Cliem.) A compound containing 
two parts of oxygen and one o base. 

De-vas'tate or Dev'AS-t ate Lde-vas'tat, W. Ja. 
Sm. R. ; de-vas'tat, P. ; dev'as-ta't, K. fVb.], v. a. 
To lay waste ; to ravage. 

Dev-as-ta'tion, n. Waste ; havoc ; desolation. 

De-vEl,'PP, v. a. To make known ; to disclose ; 
to lay open ; to unfold ; to unravel ; to uncover ; 
to disentangle : — written also devclope. 

De-vel'op-ment, n. Act of developing ; an un- 
ravelling ; a disclosure ; an unfolding. 

De-vest', u. a. To alienate. See Divest. 

D:g-VEx'i-TY, ra. Incurvation; declivity. 

De'vi-ate, v. n. To wander ; to go astray ; to err. 

De-vj-a'tion, n. Act of deviating ; offence. 

De-vice', «. A contrivance : — a design ; emblem. 
Syn. — A crafty device an ingenious contriv- 
ance ; it pleasing or expressive device, design, or 

Dev'il (dev'vl), n. A fallen angel ; the evil spirit. 

DEV'lL-iN& (de\ vl-ing), n. A young devil. 

Dev'IL-ish (dev'vl-ish), a. Diabolical; wicked. 

Dev'il-Ish-ly, ad. Diabolically. 

De v'lL-iSH-N fiss, n. The quality of the devil. 

Dev'il-kin (dev'vl-kin). n. A little devil. 

De v'lL-SHip, n. Th^ character of a devil. 

Dev'il-try, n. Gross villany. [Low.'] 

De'vi-oijs, a. Out of the common way ; erring. 

De-vi^'a-ble, a. That may be devised. 

De-viije', v. a. To contrive; to invents — to be- 
queath ; to grant by will. 

Syn. — Devise a scheme ; contrive a machine ; 
invent an instrument: — devise by will or testa- 
ment ; bequeath by word or will. 

De- v_l§E', V. n. To consider ; to contrivo. 

De-VI^e^,?*. a gift or bequest by vv^ill. See Device. 

Dev-]-§ee', n. He to whom a thing is bequeathed. 

De-vi§'er, 71. One who devises ; a contriver. 

DiEV-l-§OR' or DE-vi'§pR [dev-e-zor', Ja. Maun- 
der ; de-v!'zur, K. Sm. C. R. Pfb.], n. {Law.) 
One wlio gives by will. 

Devoid', a. Empty ; vacant ; void ; free from. 

Z)£;ro/i{_(dev-wor'), 72. [Fr.] An act of civility. 

Dev-P-lu'tion, 7!. Act of devolving; removal. 

D^-Volve', v. a. & 71. To roll down ; to fall to. 

De-vote', v. a. To dedicate { to consecrate: — to 
apply ; to addict: — to give up. 

De-vot'ed, p. a. Consecrated; given up. 

De-vot'^d-ness, n. Consecration ; addictedness. 

Dev-P-tee', n. One entirely devoted ; a bigot. 

De-vote'ment, «. Act of devoting ; devotion. 

Devot'er, n. One who devotes. 

De-vo'tion, n. State of being devoted; piety; 
worship ; prayer: — strong affection ; ardor. 

De-vo'tipn-al, a. Pertaining to devotion ; devout. 

DEVo'TlpN-isT, 77. One who is formally devout. 

De-voOr', v. a. To eat up greedily ; to consume. 

DevoOr'er, 71. One who devours. 

DE-voOR'lNGr-L,Y, ad. In a consuming manner. 

DE-voOr', a. Pious; religious; earnest; sincere. 

De-voOt'LY, ad. In a devout manner ; piously, 
De-voOt'ness, 77. duality of being devout ; piety. 
Dew (dii), v. a. To wet, as with dew ; to moisten. 
Dew (du), 71. Moisture deposited in the night. 
Dew'- Drop (dii'drop), 71. A drop of dew. 
Dew'lap, 7t. A memliranous or fleshy substance 

hanging from the throat of an ox. 
Dew'y, a. Like dew ; partaking of dew. 
DEX'TER,a. [L.] {Her.) Right, as opposed t'Zc/X. 
Dex-ter'i-ty, 77. Activity of limbs or mhid ; 

readiness ; expertness ; skill ; ability. 
Dex'ter-oijs, a. Expert ; active ; ready ; prompt; 

quick ; skilful ; ingenious ; clever. 
Dex'ter-oDs-ly, ad. Expertly; skilfully. 
DEX'TER-oys-NESs, 71. Skill; dexterity. 
Dex'tral, a. The right ; not the left. 
DvXTRal'i-TY, 77. State of being dextral. 
DiJX-TROR'sAL, a. Rising from right to left. 
Dey (da), 77. The title, formerly, of the governor 

of Algiers. 
Di-A-Bi2'Ti3S, 77. [Gr,] {Med.) An immoderate 

and morbid flow of urine. 
Di-A-BET'ic, a. Relating to diabetes. 
Diablerie (de-a'ble-re'), 77. [Fr.] Incantation. 
Di-a-b6l'ic, )a. Relating to the devil ; devil- 
Di-A-BOL'i-CAL, ) ish ; atrocious; impious. 
Di-a-b6l'i-cal-ly, ad. In a diabolical manner. 
DI-A-B5L'i-CAL-NESS, 77. The quality of a devil. 
Di-AB'p-Li^M, 77. The actions of the devil. 
Di-ach^y-lOn, 77. (Med.) A mollifying plaster. 
Dj-A-co' Di-UM,n. [L.] {Med.) Sirup of poppies. 
Dl-AC'p-NAL, a. Of or belonging to a deacon. 
DT-A-cou'sTics, 77. -pi. The science of refracted 

sounds ; diaphonics. 
Dj-A-CRiT'lc, ) a. Distinguishing by a point 
Dl-A-CRlT'i-CAL, \ or mark ; distinctive. 
-DEM, 17. A crown ; the mark of royalty. 
-DfiMED (di'a-demd), a. Crowned. 
Di'A-dr6m,77. a course ; a vibration. 
Di-^R'E-sis (di-er'e-sis) [di-er'e-sis, JV. P. J. JT. 

Ja. Sm. ;di-5're-sis, S. ^.], 77. ,-pZ. dI-^r'e-se§. 

[L.] {Oram.) The mark ["], used to separate 

a diphi hong or two vowels into two syllables ; 

as, aeri dialysis. 
Dl-AG-No'sis, 77. [Gr.] {Med.) The art of dis- 
tinguishing one disease from another. 
DI-AG- Jos'Tic. 77. A distinguishing symptom. 
Dl-A(j os'tic, Distinguishing ; symptomatic 
DI-AG' p-NAL, a. Reaching from angle to angle. 
Di-ag'p-nal, n. A line drawn througli a square 

or other rectilineal figure, joining opposite angles, 
Di-ag'p-nal-ly, ad. In a diagonal direction. 
DI'a-grXm, 77. A geometrical figure or scheme. 
Di'A-GRXPH,7t. An instrument used in perspective. 
DI-a-grAph'i-cal, a. Descriptive. 
Di'AL, 77. An instrument for showing the hour of 

the day, by means of the sun's shadow. 
DT'a lect, 77. A variety in the form of a language : 

— Bi language: — idiom; style; speech. 
Dl-A-LEc'Tl-CAIi, a. Respecting dialects or dia- 

Jectics ; loiical. 
DI-A-LEC-Ti"ciAN (dl-a-lek-tish'an),77. Logician, 
Di-A-LEC'Tics, 71, pZ. Logic: the art of reasoning. 
DI'AL-lNG, 77. The art of constructing dials. 
Di'AL-TsT, 77. A constructer of dials. 
Di-al'p-^^ist, 77. A speaker or writer of dialogue. 
Di-al-p-9is't'c, ) a. Having the form of, or 
Dl-AL-p-i^is'Tl-CAL, J relating to, a dialogue. 
Di-al-p-(jis'ti-cal-ly, ad. In the manner of 

DiiL'p-quzE, V. 77. To discourse in dialogue. 
Di'a-logue (di'a-log), 71. A discourse or convert 

sation between two or more ; a conference. 
DI'AL-Plate, 77. The marked plate of a dial. 
Dl-AL'y-sis, 77. {Rhet.) A dizeresis ; asyndeton. 

— {Med.) Weakness of the limbs. 
Di-Xm'e-ter, n. A right line, which, passing 

through the centre of a circle, divides ir into equal 

parts. [rcct. 

Di-a-MET'ri-CAL, a. Describing a diameter : di- 

DI-A-MET'Ri-CAL-LY. ad. In a diametrical direction. 

E-.I, O u, Y, long; X, E,lj 6, Xly'i, short; a,e, \,(),\},\, obscure fAre,far, fAst, all; HfilR, HEE; 




Dl'A-lvrOND or Dia'MOND [di'a-mund, W. P. Ja. I 
o'. ; di'mund, S. J. E. K. ; di'a-inund or di'mund, 
F. Sm.], n. The hardest and most valuahle of all 
precious stones or gems : — a very small printing- 
type : — rhombus. 

DT-a-pa'§;on, n. {Mus.) An interval used to ex- 
press tlie octave of the Greeks; a scale ; a chord. 

D1-a-pen'te, 71. (Mus.) A complete fifth. 

Di'A-PER, n. Linen cloth woven in figures. 

Di-a-pha-ne'i-ty, n. Transparency ; pellucidness. 

JH-A-PHiN'lc, a. Transparent; pellucid. 

ni-XPH'A-NoDs, a. Transparent; translucent. 

DI-a-ph6n'ics, n. pi. The science of refracted 
sounds ; di^coustics. 

Di-A-PHO-RJ2'sis, n. [Gr.] Perspiration. 

Di-A-PHO-RET'ic, ; o. Producing perspiration ; 

Di-A-PHO-EET'i-CAL, ( sudorific. 

Dl-A-PHp-RET'ics, 11. pi. Sudorific medicines. 

DI'a-phragm (dl'a-fram), n. The midrifT. 

DI'a-rist, n. One who keeps a diarj'. 

Di-AR-RHCE'A (di-ar-r5'a), n. (Med.) A disease 
cliaracterized by frequent alvine evacuations; a 

Dl-AR-RllCE_T'ic (di-3r-ret'ik), a. Purgative. 

DT-AR-THRo'sis, n. JMovable connection of bones. 

Di'A-RY, 7i. A daily account ; a journal. 

DI'A-STliM, n. (Mas.) A simple interval. 

Dl-is'TO-LE, ?!. (Rhet.) The making of a short 
syllable long. — (Med.) Dilatation of the heart. 

Dl'A-STVLE, n. A mode of arranging columns. 

Dl-A-TES'SA-RON, 11. The four Gospels : — a har- 
mony of the four Gospels. — (Mus.) The interval 
oi a fourth. 

Bi-ATHE-sis, 71. (Med.) The state of the body. 

DT-a-t6n'ic, a. (Mus.) Proceeding by tones. 

DT'A-TRiBE or Di-at'ri-be [di'a-trib, K. C. JVb.; 
di-at're-be, .^sk, Todd; di'fi-trib, P. ; di'?-tri-be, 
5)7!.], 71. [Gr.] A disputation ; a discourse. 

Dib'Ber^ti. An agricultural instrument. 

DiB'BLE, n. A gardener's tool ; a small spade. 

1)TCE, n. pi. of Die. — v. n. To game with dice. 

J)ICE'-B6x, n. A box from which dice are thrown. 

Oig'ER, 7i. A player at dice. 

J)i-£;h6t'p-my, n. Division of ideas by pairs. 

Dl'iBHRp-iSM, 7!. (Optics.) A property of some 
crystallized bodies of appearing under two distinct 

tDTcK'ER, 71. Ten; as, " a dicA:er of hides." 

DicK'Y, 7j. A linen shirt-collar. 

DIc'lio-Tus, n. [Gr.] (Med.) A rebounding or 
double ])ulse. 

Dic'TATE, V. a. To tell what to. write : — to order. 

Dic'TATE, 71. A precept ; rule; maxim; order. 

DjC Ta'tion, n. The act of dictating ; precept. 

Ilic-TA'TOR, 71. [L.J A Roman magistrate in- 
vested, for a tinle, with absolute power y a ruler. 

Die ta-to'ri-al, a. Authoritative; overbearing. 

Dlc-TA'TOR-siiiP, n. The office of dictator. 

l)ic'TA-TO-RY, a. Overbearing ; dogmatical. 

biCTA'Tfiix, 71. A female dictator. 

DlCTAT'liRE (djk-tat'yur), 71. Office of dictator. 

Dic'tion, 71. Manner of expressing ideas by words ; 
.ityle ; language ; expression. 

Dic'tion-a-ry, 71. A book in which the words of 
a language are arranged alphabetically and ex- 
Iilaincfl ; a word-bnok ; a lexicon. 

Syn. — Dictionary of a living language, of the 
arts and sciences, &c. ; a Greek lexicon ; a vncabu- 
Zury of Riiglish words; a^/os^ari/of obsolete terms; 
a nnmenclnture of botany : an encyclnpwdia, embra- 
cing the whole circle of science, literature, and art. 

Die' Ti/M, n. ; pi. Die' TA. [L.] A word ; an as- 

DiD, (. From Do. _ [sertion. 

*Di-dXc'T!c or Di-dXc'tic, a. Giving instruc- 
tion ; teaching ; prcrc|)tive. 

*D!-dXc'T!-C'AL, a. Same as didactic. 

*Di uXc'Tics, 71. pi. The art of teaching. 
Oi-dXc'tyl, 71. An animal having two toes. 

DfD'AP-PER, 71. A bird that dives into the water. 

Did- as-cAl'ic, a. Preceptive; didactic. 

Did'dle, v. n. To totter as a child ; to trifle. 

DfDST. The 5d person sing. i. From Do, 

Dl-DUc'TlON, 71. Separation of parts. 

Die (dl), v. n. To lose life ; lo expire ; to perish. 

Die (dl), v. a. To tinge. See Dye. 

Die, n. ; yl. DiCE._ A small cube to play with. 

Die (dl), 71. ,■ pi. die§. The stamp used in coinage. 

Di'E-sits, 71. [Gr.] (Mus.) An interval less than 
a comma. — (Printing-.) The double-dagger or 
mark thus [J]. [is held. 

Di'e^ n5n, [L.J (Law.) A day on which no court 

Di'et, 71. Food; victuals: — an assembly. 

DI'et, v. a. To supply with food. — v. n. To eat. 

Di'et-a-ry, a. Pertaining to the rules of diet. 

Di'et-a-ry, 71. A system or course of diet. 

DT'et-Drink, 71. Medicated liquor. 

Di'ET-ER, 71. One who diets or prescribes diet. 

Di-e-tet'ic, ) a. Relating to diet or dietet- 

Dl-E-TET'i-CAL,, ) ics. 

Di-E-TET'ics, 71. pi. The regulation of diet. 

Dl'ET-'iST,7i. One skilled in diet. 

Dif-far-re-a'tion, 71. The parting of a cake. 

Dif'fer, v. n. To be unlike ; to vary ; to disagree; 

D1f'fer-ence,7i. State of being difTerent ; dis- 
tinction ; diversity : — dispute ; deiate. 

Syn. — Distinction is aiiplied to delicate varia- 
tions ; diversity, to glaring contrasts ; difference, to 
hostile unlikeness : discrimination, to formal criti- 
cism. A distinction without a difference is a pre- 
tended dissimilarity. — We end a dispute or debate ; 
we make up a difference. 

Dif'fer-ent, a. Distinct; unlike; dissimilar. 

Dif-fer-en'tial, a. Infinitely small. — Differen- 
tial calculus, a term applied to one of the most 
important branches of the higher mathematics. 

D'if'fer-ent-ly, ad. In a different manner. 

Di'f'fI-CULT, a. Hard ; not easy ; arduous; rigid. 

DiF'Fi-CtJLT-LY, ad. Hardly ; with difficulty. 

Dif'f}-cul-ty, 71. Something difficult ; an imped- 
iment; obstacle; distress; perplexity. 

D'iF'Fl-DENCE, 71. Distrust; want of confidence. 

Dif'fi-dent, a. Distrustful; not confident. 

Dif'fi-dent-ly, ad. In a diffident manner. 

fDlF-FlN'l-TiVE, a. Determinate ; definitive. 

Dif'flu-ence, ) 71. A flowing away ; the effect 

DiF'FLU-EN-CY, ) of fluidity. 

Dif'flu-ent, a. Flowing every way ; not fixed. 

Dif'form, a. Not uniform ; unlike; irregular. 

Dif-for'mi-ty, 71. Irregularity of form. 

DiF frXc'tion, 71. (Optics.) Inflection of light. 

Dif-fran'ch!§e-ment, ti. See Disfranxhise- 


Dif-fu§e', v. a. To pour out ; to spread ; to scatter. 
DiF FiJSE', a. Widely spread ; copious; not con- 
cise ; not precise ; amplified ; prolix. 
Dif-fDsed-lv, ad. Widely; dispersedly. 
Dif-fO^'ed-ness, 71. State of being diffused. 
D;F-fOse'ly, ad. Extensively ; copiously. 
DiF-FiJ^'ER, 71. One who diffuses or disperses. 
DlF-FtJs'l-BLE, a. Capable of being diffused. 
DJF-Fu'^ioN (dif-fu'zhun), 71. Act of diffusing ; 

dispersion ; amplification. 
DiF-FU'siVE, a. Scattered ; dispersed ; extended. 
DJF-Fu'siVE-LY, ad. Widely ; extensively. 
DlF-FU'siVE-NESS, 71. Extension ; dispersion. 
Dig, v. a. [i. dug or digced ; pp. digging, dug or 

DIGGED.] To pierce with a spade ; to turn up or 

cultivate land ; to excavate. 
Dig, v. n. To work with a spade, &c. 
DI-gam'MA, 71. [Gr.] A name of the letter F. 
Di-gXs'tric, a. Having a double belly. 
Dl'GiSsT, 71. A body or system of laws ; a pandect 

of^the civil law ; a code ; a system. 
Dl-CriSsT'. D. a. To arrange in order; to dispose; 

_!to dissolve or concoct food in the stomach. 
Di-fj^EST'ER, 71. He or that which digests. 
Di-fjJEST-i-BlL,'!: TV, 71. State of being digestible. 
Di-fjJE^'i-BLEJ a. Capable of being digested. 
D[-fj>i2S'TipN (de-jest'yun), 71. Act of digesting 

food in the stomach ; concoction. 
Dl-f^fiS'TlVE, a. Causing digestion ; dissolving. 
Dia'&'ER, n. One who digs or opens the ground. 

JiIen, sir; MOVE, nor, son; bOll, BiJR, rOle. — 9,9,g, so/i!;«, j&, £,|, /(orrf; §asz; :f asgz: Tliii, 




Dt^'lT , n. Three fourths of an inch : — the twelfth 
part of the diameter of the sun or moon : — one of 
the ten-figures, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0. 

DI^'I-TAL, a. Pertaining to a digit or finger. 

DT^-i-ta'lis, n. [L.] (Bot.) A plant ; foxglove. 

Dl<^'i-TATE, a. Having the form of fingers. 

Dl't^'i-TAT-ED, a. Branched out like fingers. 

Di^ -1-ta'tion, n. Division in the form of fingers. 

Di(j^'i-TI-GRADE, n. An animal or quadruped that 
walks on its toes. 

Di-G-la'di-ate, I), n. To fence ; to quarrel. [i{.] 

fDl-GLA-Dl-A'TipN,n. A combat with swords. 

Dig'NI-fIed (dig'ne-fidj, a. Invested with dig- 
nity ; exalted ; honored ; noble. 

Dig'ni-fy, v. a. To invest with dignity or honor ; 
to advance ; to exalt ; to honor. 

DlG'Nl-TA-RY, 71. A clergyman advanced to some 
rank above that of a parochial priest. 

DlG'Nl-TSf, n. Elevation of rank, character, or 
conduct ; true honor; high rank ; grandeur. 

Di'GRAPH, n. A union of two vowels, or of two 
consonants, in one sound, as in head. 

Dl-GRESS', V. n. To turn aside ; to wander. 

DJ-GRES'sioN (de-gresh'un), 7i. Act of digressing ; 
an excursion ; a turning aside ; deviation. 

Dl-GRiis'sipN-AL (de-gresh'un-al), a. Deviating. 

DJ-GRES'sivE a. Tending to digress ; deviating. 

Dl-GRES'siVE-LY, ad. In way of digression. 

DJ-Ju'Di-CATE, V. a. To determine by censure. 

DJ-JU-Dl-cA'TioN, n. Judicial distinction. [J?.] 

DlKE,7j. A channel ; a ditch: — a bank ; a mound. 

Dj-lX^'er-ate, v. a. To tear ; to rend. 

Di-LA9-ER-A'TlON, n. The act of rending ; arent. 

Di-lap'i-date, v. 74. To go to ruin ; to fall. 

Dl-L,AP'i-DATE, V. a. To pull down; to waste. 

Di-lap-i-da'tiqn, 71. Waste; decay; ruin. 

Di-LAP'l-DA-TQR, 71. One who causes dilapidation. 

Dl-LA-TA-BiL'l-TY, 71. State of being dilatable. 

Dl-LA'TA-BLE,a. Capable of extension ; expansive. 

DXl-A-ta'tion, n. Expansion ; extension. 

Dl-LATE', V. a. To extend in all directions ; to ex- 
pand ; to distend ; to spread out ; to enlarge. 

Dl-LATE', V. n. To grow wide: — to speak largely. 

Di-lat'er, 71. One who enlarges or extends. 

Dl-LA'TION, 74. Extension; enlargement. 

DJ-LA'TOR, n. That which widens or extends. 

DJfL'A-TQ-Rl-LY, ad. In a dilatory manner. 

Dil'a-to-ri-ness, 71. Slowness ; sluggishness. 

Dili'A-TO-RV, a. Tardy ; late ; slow ; loitering. 

Di-lEm'ma 71. [Gr.J A difficult alternative. 

DjL-ET- tan' TE. n. : pi. S fZ.-E T- TAN' TI. [It.] 

A lover of the fine arts ; an amateur in music, &c. 
Dil-et-tXn'te-ism, 71. Quality of a dilettante. 
DlL'l-^ENCE,?!. industry; assiduity in business ; 

activity. — [Fr.] A stage-coach. 
Dil'i-^ent, a. Assiduous; not idle ; attentive. 
Syn. — DiUsent in employment ; assiduous in 

the pursuit of learning ; attentive to study ; indus- 
trious in habit. 
DlL'l-qtENT-Ly, ad. In a diligent manner. 
Dill, n. An annual, aromatic plant. 
DiL'u-ENT, a. Malting thin or more fluid. 
Dil'u-Ent, 71. That which thins other matter. 
Dl-LUTE', V. a. To make thin ; to weaken. 
Dilute', a. Thin ; attenuated ; poor diluted. 
Di-lut'er, n. He or that which makes thin. 
DiLiJ'TlpN, 71. Act of diluting : — weak liquid. 
Di-LtJ''viAL, n. Relating to the deluge or flood. 
Df-Ltj' vi-ae-ist, 71. One who holds that the deluge 

was the cause of certain geological phenomena. 
Dl-LU'vi-AN, a. Same as diluvial, 
JJl-Lu'ri-UM, n. [L.] (Oeol.) A deluge: — a 

deposit of earth, sand, &c., caused by a deluge or 

flow of water. 
Dim, a. Not seeing clearly ; obscure ; not clear. 
DfM, V. a. To cloud ; to darken ; to obscure. 
Dime, ti. A silver coin of the United States, of 

the value often cents. 
Di-mEn'sjqn, 71. Space; bulk; extent; capacity. 
DJ-MEN'siVE, a. Marking boundaries. 
D'i'm'e-tee, a. Having two poetical measures. 

DiM'E-TER, n. A verse of two measures. 
DI-mid'i-ate, 1). a. To divide into two parts. 
Di-MlD-i-A'TiON, 71. Act of halving. 
Dl-MiN'iSH,«. a. To make less ; to lessen ; toabat& 
Di-MiN'lsil, V. n. To grow less ; to decrease. 
Di-MiN-u-EN'DO, 71. [It.] {Mus.) A direction 

to the performer to lessen the volume of sound. 
DiM-l-Nu'TipN, n. Act of making less ; decrease. 
Dl-MlN'u-TiVE, a. Small; little; contracted. 
DJ-MiN'LiTiVE, 71. A thing little of thekmd; — 

a word expressing littleness, as manikin. 
Dl MiN'y-TiVE-LY, ad. In a diminutive manner. 
Di-MIN'U-TIVE-Nijss, 71. Smallness ; littleness 
DiM'Is-sp-RY [dim'is-sur-e, W. J. F. Ja. Sm. Wb. : 

dl-mis'sur-e, IS. K.],a. Dismissing. 
DiM'l-TY, n. A fine fustian or cloth of cotton. 
Dim'ly, ad. In a dim manner ; obscurely. 
DiM'MlSH, a. Somewhat dim. 
DiM'NESs, 71. Dulness of sight ; obscurity. 
Di-MOR'PHi^M, n. The assumption of two forms. 
Di-mor'phous, a. Having two forms. 
UiM'PLE, n. An indentation in the cheek or chin. 
DiM'PLE, V. n. To form dimples or cavities. 
DiM'PLED (dim'pld), a. Set with dimples. 
DiM'-siGHT-ED(dim'sit-ed),a. Having weak eyes, 
Df Nj n. A loud noise ; a continued sound. 
Din, v. a. To stun or confound with noise. 
DiN'AR-eHY, n. A government by two persons. 
Dine, v. n. & a. To eat or to give a dinner. 
Ding, v. a. [i. dinged ; pp. dinging, dinged : — 

DUNG is nearly obsolete.] To dash with violence ; 

to impress with force. 
Ding, v. n. To bluster ; to bounce. [bells. 

Ding'dong, n. A word expressing the sound of 
DiN'9^l-NESS, 74. The quality of being dingy. 
Din'gle, 74. A hollow between hills ; a dale. 
Din'^y, a. Dark brown ; dun: — dirty; soiled. 
Din'ing-R66m, 74. A room to dine in. 
Din'ner, 74^ The chief meal of the day. 
Din'ner-Time,74. The time of dining. 
Dint, 71. [f A blow ; dent ;] violence ; force. 
Dl-NiJ-ME-RA'TlpN, 74. A numbering one by one. 
*DT-0(;!'e-SAN or bl-p-CE'SAN [dJ-os'e-san, S. fV. 

J. F. Ja. K. R. C; di-os'e-zan, P. Srn. ; dl-o-se'- 

san, Bailey, Johnson, Barclay, Dyche, Rees ; dl'o- 

se-san, Wb.],n. A bishop, as he stands related 

to his own clergy or flock. 
*Di-69'e-san, a. Pertaining to a diocese. 
Dl'p-CESE, 71. A bishop's jurisdiction; the see of 

a bishop ; a bishopric : — written also diocess. 
DT-6p'tric, j a. Relating to dioptrics ; aiding 
Di-op'TRl-cAL, ( the sight. 
Di-op'TRics, 74. pi. That part of optics which 

treats of the refraction of light. 
Di-pRA'MA [dl-o-ra'ma, Sm. C. ; di-o-ra'mfi, Ja. 

Wb.], 74. A revolving optical machine exhibiting 

a variety of light and shade. 
Di-p-rXm'ic, a. Relating to a diorama. 
Dl'p Rl§M, 71. Distinction or definition. 
DI-p-Ris'Tlc, a. Relating to diorism; defining. 
DI-pR-THo'sis, 74. [Gr.J {Surg.) The art of 

straightening crooked limbs. 
Dl-6^'MA, 74. {Bot.) A genus of plants. 
Dip, v. a. [i. dipped; pp. dipping, dipped;. — 

sometimes dipt.] To immerge j to immerse; to 

put into any liquor ; to wet. 
Dip, v. 71. To sink ; to immergo ; to enter. 
Dip, 71. Inclination downward; an angle of in- 
clination : — sauce made of fat pork. 
DT-piJT'A-LOus, a. Having two flower-leaves. 
*DiPH'TH6NG (dip'thong) [dip'thong, S. fV. P.J. 

F. Sm. C. ; dif'thong, E. K. ; dif'thong or dip'- 
thong, Ja.], 74. A union of two vowels in one 

sound ; as, 7)ai7i, CtBsar. 
*DiPH-THON'GAL, a. Belonging to a diphthong. 
DiPH'YL-LOUS, a. Having two leaves. 
Di-pl6'ma, 71. ; pi. Di-PLO'MA§. [Gr.] A writing 

conferring some privilege, honor, or authority. 
Di-pl6'MA-c Y, 71. The art of making treaties w .tb 

foreign states : — a diplomatic body. 
DiP'Lp-MATE, 71. A diplomatist. Sydney Smith. 

XjE.l 6,v,f,lonff; X, £, i, 6, ti, T?,sAort; A, E, i, p, v, Y, oJscure.— fare, far, fast, all; heir, her, 




DTp-XO-MAT-ED, p. a. Made b^ diploma. 

DiP-Xig-MAT'ic, a. Respecting diplomacy or envoys. 

Dip-LO-mXt'ics, n. pi. The science of decipher- 
ing ancient writings, fixing their dates, &.c. 

Dl-PLO'MA-TiST, n. One versed in diplomacy. 

DlP'PER, n. One that dips : — a ladle. 

Dip'Ping-Nee'dle, n. A magnetic needle. 

Dip's^s, n. [L.] A venomous serpent. 

Di'p'tote, 71. A noun having two cases only. 

DiP'TVjeHj n. A register of bishops and martyrs. 

Di-RA-Di-A'TlpN, n. Diffusion of rays of light. 

DiRE, a. Dreadful; dismal; direful: horrible. 

Dl-RiscT', a. Straight; right; open; express. 

Di-RiiCT', V. a. To aim ; to regulate ; to order ; to 
appoint ; to address ; to conduct ; to manage ; to 

Dl-RISCT'ER, 71. One who directs. See Director. 

Dl-Ri3c'TipN, n. Aim: — course; tendency: — 
order : — superscription. 

Syn. — Direction or aim of a weapon ; follow 
your directions; obey orders; direction of affairs ; 
management of business ; superscription or address 
of a letter. 

Dl-Ri3c'TlVE, a. Informing ; showing the way. 

Di-rect'ly, arf. In a straight line ; immediately. 

Dl-RiicT'NESs, n. Straightness ; straight course. 

Dl-RJic'TOR, n. One who directs or manages ; a 
superintendent ; a guide. 

Di-RiiC-To'Ri-AL, a. Directing: — relating to a 

Dl-REC'TO-RY, n. A form of prayer: — a guide- 
book : — a rule ; a guide : — a board of directors. 

Dl-REc'TO-RY, a. Guiding ; commanding. 

Dl-Ri3C'TRESS, 71. A female wlio directs. 

Dire'fOl, a. Dire; dreadful; dismal; horrible. 

Dire'fOl-ness, 71. Dreadfulness ; horror. 

Dl-RiiMP'TIpN (de-rem'shyn), n. Separation. 

Dire'ness, 71. Dismalness ; horror. 

Dl-RiiP'TlQN, n. The act of plundering. 

DlR»E, n. A mournful ditty ; a funeral song. 

DiR'i-9^ENT, a. Noting a line in geometry. 

Dirk, n. A kind of dagger or poniard. 

Dirk, v. a. To stab with a dirk. 

DiRTJ n. JVIud ; filth ; mire ; dust ; earth. 

Dirt, v. a. To foul ; to soil ; to dirty. 

Di'RT'l-LY, ad. In a dirty manner ; filthily, 

DiRT'i-NESS, n. State of being dirty. 

DiRT'y, a. Foul ; nasty ; filtliy ; sullied; mean. 

DiRT'v, V. a. To foul ; to soil ; to disgrace. 

Di-rDp'tion, 71. Act of bursting ; disruption. 

DiS, an inseparable particle, commonly implying a 
privative or negative signification, equivalent to 
un ; as, to arm, to disarm 

Dis-A-BIL'I-T Y, n. Deprivation of means or power ; 
want of power ; inability. 

Di'§-a'ble, v. a. To deprive of force ; to weaken. 

Dis-a'bled (diz-a'bld),p. a. Deprived of strength. 

tDi§-A'BLE-Mi5NT, 71. A disabling ; impediment. 

Dis-a-buse' v. a. To undeceive ; to set right. 

Dl's-AC-coM'MQ-DATE, V. a. To discommode. 

Di's-ac-com-mq-da'tion, n. State of being unfit. 

Dis-AC-ctJs'TpMjT;. a. To withdraw from practice. 

Dl's-AD-vAN'TACjiE, 71. An unfavorable state or 
condition ; loss ; injury to interest. 

Dis-ad-vAn'ta^e, v. a. To injure in interest. 

Dis-XD-VAl>f-TA'fjJEOi;s, a. Injurious ; hurtful. 

Dis-Xd-van-ta'(^eovs-ly, ad. With injury. 

Dis-XD-VAN-TA'^Eoys-NJiSS, 71. Injury ; loss. 

DIs-AF-FiicT', V. a. To fill with dislike ; to 

Dis-AF-FiicT'ED, p. a. Alienated; unfriendly. 

Di.s-AF-FiJc'TlpN, 71. Dislike; want of atfcction, 

Dis-AF-FIRM', V. a. To contradict ; to deny. 

Dis-af-firm'ance, 71. Confutation ; negation. 

Dis-A-GRiiii', V. n. To differ in opinion ; to quarrel. 

DIs-a-grEe'a-ble, a. Not agreeable; unpleas- 
ing ; offensive ; unfit. 

Dfs-A-GRiiiJ'A-BLE-NESS, n. Unpleasantness. 

DTs-A-GREii'A-BLY, aiZ. Unpleasantly ; offensively. 

Dis-A-GRiiE'lviENT, n. Want of agreement; dif- 
ference ; dissimilitude ; discord. 

DIS-AL-LP^^', V. a. To deny ; to refuse : — to ceif 

Dis-AL-Low', V. n. To refuse permission. 
Dis-al-low'a-ble, a. Not allowable ; prohibited- 
Dis-al-lovv'ance, 71. Prohibition ; refusal. 
Di§-AN'i-MATE,7J. a. To deprive of life ; to deject. 
Dis-AN-NEX', V. a. To disjoin ; to separate. 
Dis-AN-NUL', V. a. To make void ; to annul. 
Dis-AP-PAR'EL, V. a. To disrobe ; to undress. 
Dis-ap-pear',7). n. To be lost to view ; to vanish. 
Dis-ap-pear'ance, 7(. Act of disappearing. 
Dis-AP-POiNT', V. a. To defeat of expectation ; to 

balk ; to deprive of ; to frustrate. 
Dis-AP-POiNT'MENT, n. Act of disappointing ; 

failure of expectation. 
Dls-AP-PRp-BA'TipN, n. Act of disapproving ; 

dislike ; a disapproval ; censure. 
Dis-AP'PRp-BA-Tp-RY, a. Implying censure. 
Dis-AP-PRO'PRl-ATE,ti. a. To ;iptroprlate wrong. 
Dis-ap-prov'al, 77. Disapprobation; censurc- 
Dis-ap-pr6ve', v. a. To dislike ; to censure. 

Syn. — Disapprove the act; dislike the person ; 

censure the conduct. 
Di§i-arm', v. a. To deprive of arms ; to divest of. 
Dis-ar'MA-MENT, 71. Act of disarming. 
Di|-ARM'j;R, n. One who deprives of arms. 
Dis-ar-rAn^e', v. a. To put out of order; to 

Dis-AR-RANGE'MENT,7i. Disorder; derangement. 
Dis-AR-RAY', V. a. To undress ; to overthrow- 
Dis-AR-RAY', 77. Disorder ; confusion ; undress. 
Di§-as'ter, n. Misfortune ; grief; calamity. 
Di§-as'trous, a. Unlucky ; unhappy ; calamitous. 
Dl§-As'TRoys-L¥, ad. In a disastrous manner. 
Dif-AS'TROUS-NiJSS, 77. Unluckiness ; calamity. 
Dis-A-v60CH', V. a. To retract profession. 
Dls-A-v6w', V. a. To disown; to deny; to dis- 
claim ; to dissent from. 
Dfs-A-vow'AL, 77. Act of disavowing ; denial. 
D'i^-JbXnd', v. a. To dismiss from military service ; 

to set at liberty ; to disperse. 
DT§-bXnd', v. n. To retire from service. 
Di^-BARK',?). a. To divest of bark : — to disembark. 
Dis-BE-LiiJF' (dis-be-lef), n. Refusal to believe ; 

want of belief ; unbelief. 
Dfs-BE-LIEVE' (dis-be-lev'), v. a. Not to credit. 
Dis-be-liev'er, 77. One who refuses belief; in- 

Di§-b6w'el, v. a. To take out the intestines of. 
Di§-BUR'DEN (diz-biir'dn), v. a. To unload. 
Di§-Bi]R'DEN (diz-biir'dn),7).7i. To ease the mind. 
Dl§-BiJRSE', V. a. To spend or lay out, as money. 
Di§-BtJRSE'MENT, 77. Act of disbursing ; sum 

spent ; expenditure. 
Di^-BiJRS'ER, 77. One who disburses. 
Disc, 77. The face of the sun, &c. See Disk. 
Dis-card', v. a. To dismiss from service ; to cast 

off ; to reject. 
Dl's-CASE', 71. a. To strip ; to undress. 
Dl§-CERN' (djz-zern', 66), v. a. To descry ; to 

see; to perceive ; to distinguish ; — to judge. 
Dl^-ciJRN' (diz-zern'), v. n. To make distinction. 
Di§-cern'er (diz-zem'er), 77. One who discerns. 
Di§-CERN'!-BLE (djz-zer'ne-bl), a. Perceptible. 
Dl^-ciERN'l-BLE-NiJSS (djz-zem'-), n. Vislbleness. 
Dis-cern'i-bly (diz-zer'ne-ble), ad. Perceptibly. 
Di^-CERN'JNG (diz-zern'ing), 77. Discernment. 
Di.^-CERN'ing (diz-zern'ing), p. a. Judicious. 
Di^-cern'MENT (diz-zern'ment), n. Act of dis- 
cerning ; penetration; sagacity; judgment. 

Syn. — Discernment to distinguish ; penetration 

or sagacity to perceive ) discrimination to mark 

differences ; judgment to decide. 
DiR-ciJRP', V. a. To tear in pieces ; to break. 
Dis-cisRP-TI-BlL'l-TY, n. State of being dis- 

Dis-cisRP'Tl-BLE, a. Frangible; separable. 
Dis-CERP'TipN, 77. The act of pulling to pieces. 
Dis-chari^e', 7). a. To disburden; to unload :—' 

to pay : — to execute : — to dismiss ; to release. 
Dl3-CHJVRf/E', V. n. To break up ; to explode. 

MiEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, SPN; BOLLjBUr, rOlE.-^ 9, f/, g, so/t ; e,lci,2,f,hard; §asz; ^- ^ii><i tins, 




Dis-chXr9-e', n. A vent ; explosion : — dismission ; 
release ; ransom : — payment : — execution. 

Dis-CHAR9'ER, n. One who discliarges. 

Dis-ci'PLE, n. One who follows the teachings of 
another ; a follower ; a learner ; a scholar. 

Dis-cI'PLE, V. a. To teach ; to instruct. 

Dis-cI'PLE-SHiP, 71. The state of a disciple. 

Dis'ci-PLiN-A-BLE, a. Capable of discipline; 
teachable ; docile. 

DIs'ci-plTn-a-ble-ness, n. Docility. 

Dis'ci-PLIN-ANT, n. One of a religious order. 

DiS-ci-PLl-Ni'Ri-AN, a. Pertaining to discipline. 

Dis-ci-PLl-NA'Rl-AN, n. One strict in discipline. 

Dis'ci-PLi-NA-RY, a. Pertaining to discipline. 

Dis'ci-PLINE, V. Instruction and government; 
art of training ; rule; order; military regulation : 
— correction ; chastisement. 

Dis'ci-PLlNE, ?,'. a. To instruct and govern ; to 
educate ; to regulate ; to chastise ; to reform. 

Dis-CLAIM', V. a. To disown ; to renounce. 

Syn. — He disclaimed the honor, disowned the 
relationship, and renounced the claim. 

Dxs-CLAIM'ER, n. One who disclaims. — {Law.) 
An express or implied denial ; renunciation. 

Dis-CLOSE', V. a. To uncover ; to reveal ; to tell. 

Dis-clo§'er, n. One who discloses. 

Dis-CL6§'URE (dis-klo'zhiir), 7«. Act of disclosing. 

Dis'coiD, n. A shell resembling a disk. 

Dis-coid'al, a. Having the form of a disk. 

DIs-col'or, v. a. To stain ; to change the color of. 

D'is-COL-OR-A'TION, m. Change of color ; stain. 

Dis-com'fit, v. a. To defeat ; to vanquish. 

Dis-coM'FiT,_ ) n. Defeat ; overthrow ; van- 

Dis-com'fi-ture, \ quishment. 

Dis-coM'FpRT,?!. Trouble; uneasiness; sorrow. 

Dis-com'fort, v. a. To grieve ; to sadden. 

Dls-cpM-MEND', V. a. To blame ; to censure. 

DIs-Com-MEND'a-ble, a. Blamable ; censurable. 

Dis-com-mEnd'a-ble-ness, n. Blamableness. 

Dis-com-men-dA'tion, 71. Blame; reproach. 

Dis-cpm:-m|nd'er, n. One who discommends. 

Dis-com-MODE', «. a. To put to inconvenience ; 
to disquiet ; to disturb ; to incommode. 

Dls-cpM-Mo'Dl-OUS, a. Incommodious. 

Dis-cpM-MO'Di-oys-NiJSS, n. Inconvenience. 

Dis-com'mpn, 73. a. To deprive of privileges. 

Dis-cpM-PO§E', ?;. a. To disorder ; to disturb. 

Dis-cpM-PO^ED', p. a. Disturbed; disordered. 

Dis-coM-POs'URE (dis-kom-po'zhur), ii. State of 
being discomposed ; disorder. 

Dis-cpN-CERT', V. a. To unsettle ; to discompose. 

Dis-cpN-FORM'i-TY, 71. Want of conformity. 

DTs-cpN-GBfl'l-TY, n. Incongruity. 

Dis-cpN-NECT', V. a. To separate ; to disjoin. 

Dis-cpN-NECT'ED, p. a. Disunited; disjoned. 

Dis-coN-NEc'TipN, 77. Disunion ; separation. 

DIs-con'se-crate, v. a. To deprive of conse- 

Dis-coN'sp-LATE, a. Void of consolation ; afflict- 
ed; hopeless; sorrowful; sad. [manner. 

DTs-CON'sp-LATE-LY, ad. In a disconsolate 

Dis-coN'sp-LATE-NESS, n. Want of consolation. 

DIs-cpiv-TENT', 71. Want of content ; uneasiness. 

Dis-con-tent', a. Uneasy ; discontented. 

Dis-CON-TENT', V. a. To dissatisfy ; to make un- 

DTs-con-tent'ed, p. a. Uneasy ; dissatisfied. 

DTs-con-teivt'ed-ness, n. Dissatisfaction. 

Dis-cpN-Tii;NT'MENT,7i. Inquietude; discontent. 

Dls-cpN-TiN'y-ANGE, 71. Cessation ; intermission. 

DIs-cpN-TiN-u-A'TipN, 77. Act of discontinuing ; 
cessation ; discontinuance. 

DTs-cpN-TiN'UE, V. n. To leave ofT; to cease. 

Dls-cpN-TtN'UE, V. a. To break otT; to interrupt. 

Dts-cON-TiN'u-ER, n. One who discontinues. 

Dis-CON-Tl-Nu'i-TY, 77. Disunity of parts; ces- 

tDTs-cpN-TlN'tr-oDs, a. Discontinued ; broken ofT. 

bi's'coRD, n. Wantof concord ; contention ; strife ; 
disagreement : — contrariety of sounds. 

Syn. — Discord in families ; strife among neigh- 

l)ors. — Disagreement in opinion often causes dig^ 
sensions or angry contentions. 

Dis-cor'dance, 'In. Want of concord ; discord i 

Dis-cor'dan-cy, ( disagreement. 

Dis-cor'dant, a. Inconsistent ; inharmonious. 

Dis-cor'dant-ly, ad. In a discordant manner. 

Dfs'coONT, 71. A sum deducted for prompt or ad- 
vanced payment ; a deduction ; an allowance. 

Dis-CoOnt' (114) [dis-kbunt'. S. JV. P. J. E. F. Ja. 
K. Sm. R. C. ; dis'kbunt, ffb. Recs], v. a. To 
pay back again : — to deduct ; to make a discount ; 
— to advance on discount. 

DTs-coiTnt'a-ble, a. That may be discounted. 

Dis-coOn'te-nance, n. Disfavor ; slight. 

DTs-coun'te-nance, v. a. To discourage ; to 
abash ; to slight ; to disregard. 

Dis-coOn'te-nan-cer, n. One who discourages. 

Dis-cotJR'A(JE (dis-kiir'aj), v. a. To depress ; to 
deprive of confidence ; to deter ; to dissuade. 

Dis-COUR'A^E-MENT, 77. Act of discouraging ; 
determent ; cause of fear. 

Dis-cour'aCj^^-er, 77. One who discourages. 

Dis-cour'a(j^-ing, p. a. Tending to discourage. 

Dis-c6urse' (dis-kors'), m. Conversation; a ser- 
mon ; a speech ; a treatise ; a dissertation. 

Dis-c6urse',7). 77. To converse ; to talk ; to reason. 

Dis-couRSE' (dis-kors'),^'. o. To treat of ; to discuss. 

D'is-cours'eb, 71. One who discourses. 

Dis-c6uR's|VTJ, a. Interlocutory ; discursive, [u.1 

*Dis-couR'TE-oiJS (dis-kur'te-us or dis-kort'yus) 
[dis-kiir'chus, S. JV. ,• dis-k'ur'che-iis, P. ; dis- 
kiir'te-iis, J. C. ; dis-kUrt'yus, F. ; dis-kor'te-us, 
./«. ; dis kort'yus, K. Sm.], a. Uncivil ; rude. 

^DTs-cour'te-oDs-ly, ad. Rudely ; uncourteously. 

*Dis-coiiR'TE-SY (dis-kur'te-se), 77. Incivility. 

Dis'cous, a. Broad ; flat ; wide ; like a disk. 

Dis-cov'er, 71. a. To show ; to disclose ; to reveal ; 
to espy : — to find out ; to detect. See Invent. 

Dis-cov'er-a-ble, a. That may be discovered. 

DJs-cov'ER-ER, 77. One who discovers. 

Dis-cov'ER-Y, 77. Act of finding; disclosure. 

Dis-CRED'iT,' 77. Want of credit or good reputation ; 
ignominy ; reproach ; disgrace. 

Sy7i. — A bankrupt incurs discredit; a felon, 
ignominy ; an offender, reproach ; an expelled 
student, disgrace, 

DTs-cred'it, v. a. To disgrace ; to distrust. 

Dis-CRED'IT-A-BLE, a. Disgraceful; reproachful. 

Dis-CREET', a. Prudent; circumspect; cautious. 

DJs-CREET'LY, ad. Prudently; cautiously. 

Dis-creet'ness, 77. Prudence; discretion. 

*Dls'cRE-PANCE [dis'kre-pans, S. W. P. E. J. F. 
Ja. K. Sm. R. ; djs-krep'ans, Wb. Maunder], n. 
Difference ; contrariety ; disagreement. 

*Drs'cRE-PAN-CY, 77. Same as discrepance. 

*DTs'CRE-PANT, a. Different; disagreeing. 

DiS-CRETE'[dis-kr5t', W. P.J. F. Ja. K. Sm. Wb. 
dis'kret, S. Jish],a. Distinct; disjoined; not 
concrete; disjunctive; not continued. 

Dis-CRE"TipN (dis-kresh'un), 77. Prudence ; wise 
management : — liberty of acting at pleasure. 

Dls-CRE"TipN-AL (dis-kresh'iin-al), a. Left to dis- 
cretion or choice ; unlimited ; discretionary. 

Dls-CRi!:"TlpN-AL-LY, ad. At pleasure ; at choice. 

Dis-CRE"TlpN-A-RY (dis-kresli'un-a-re), a. Left 
to discretion or choice ; unlimited ; unrestrained. 

*Dls-CRE'TlVE [dis-kre'tiv, W. P. Ja. Sm. R. f¥b.; 
dis'kre-tiv, S. K.], a. Separate ; distinct. 

*Dis-cr'e'T!VE-ly, ad. In a distinguishing manner. 

Dis-crim'i-Wa-BLE, a. Distinguishable. 

Dis-cR'iM'i-NATE, V. a. To observe the difference 
between ; to distinguish ; to separate. 

Dis-CrTM'i-nate, a. Discriminated ; distinct. 

Dis-CRiM'i-NATE-LY, ad. Distinctly. 

Dis-CRiM'i-NATE-NESS, 77. Discrimination. 

DJs-CRiM-i-NA'TipN,7). Actorfaculty of discrimi- 
nating ; discernment ; distinction ; a mark. 

Dis-cbim'i-na-tive, a. Making discrimination. 

Dis-CR'iM'i-NA-TlVE-Ly, ad. With discrimination. 

Dis-cu'Bl-Tp-RY, a. Fitted to the posture oi 

A, E, !, 6, V, Y, long; X, E,T, 6, C, Y, short; A, E, I, p, V, Y, obscure.— TkRB, FAR, fAst, all; HEIR, HER; 




fDKs cCl'pate, ». a. To exculpate. 

Dis-cDm'ben-cy, n. Act of leaning at meals. 

Dis-cuM'BEE, V. a. To unburden ; to disengage. 

Dis-ciJR'siON. 71. Discursive procedure. 

I)is-ciiE'S}VE, a. Desultory; argumentative. 

Dis-cur'sive-ly, ad. In a discursive manner. 

Dis-cuR'sivE-NESS, n. State of being discursive. 

Dis-ciJR'sp-RY, a. Argumentative ; discursive. 

Dls-ciiR'sys, n. [L.] {Logic.) Argumentation. 

Dis'cus, n. [L.] L. pi. Dis'cii Eng. Dis'cys-E§. 
A quoit ; a flat piece of iron ; a disk. 

DiS-cuss', V. a. To examine ; to debate ; to sift: 
— to disperse, as morbid matter. 

Syn. — Discuss the point ; examine the subject ; 
debate the question. 

Dls-ctJss'ER, 7U One who discusses ; examiner. 

Djs-c trs-sioN (dis-kush'un), n. Act of discussing ; 
examination ; disquisition ; agitation. 

Dis-cus'siVE, ffl. Discussing; dissolving. 

Dis-cO'TIENT (dis-ku'shent), n. A medicine. 

DJ^-DAIN', V. a. To scorn ; to despise ; to contemn. 

Dl§-DAIN', n. Clonterapt ; scorn ; haughtiness. 

Di§-dain'ful, a. Expressing disdain ; haughty ; 
contemptuous ; scornful ; fastidious. 

Di§-dain'ful-lv, ad. With haughty scorn. 

Di§-dain'fOl-ness, n. Contemptuousness. 

Di§-J2ASE' (diz-ez'), m. Distemper ; malady. 

Syn. — Di.sease in man ; distemper in brutes ; a 
slight complaint or disorder ; a painful malady. 

Dl^-iJA^E', V. a. To afflict with disease ; to infect. 

Dis-iiA§ED' (diz-Szd')) ?• a- Affected by disease. 

Di§-EAS'ED-Nj3SS (diz-S'zed-nes), K. Sickness. 

DIs-EM-BARK', V. a. To land, as troops from a ship. 

Dis-EM-BARK', w. n. To land ; to go ashore. 

DIs-EM-BAR-KA'TiON, n. Act of disembarking. 

Dis-em-bar'rass, «. a. To free from embarrass- 
ment or clog ; to liberate. 

Dls-EM-BAR'RASS-MJiNT, n. Liberation. 

Dis-EM-BiJL'LisH, V. a. To di.vest of embellishment. 

Dis-EM-BiT'TER, V. a. To free from bitterness. 

Dis-EM-BOD'lED, a. Divested of the body ; incor- 

Dis-em-b6d'y, v. a. To divest of the body : — to 
discharge from military service. 

DIs-EM-BoeaE' (dls-era-bog'), v. a. To pour out 
at the mouth, as a river ; to discharge. 

Dis-EM-BOGUE', V. n. To gain a vent ; to flow. 

Dis-EM-BOGUE'MENT, n. Act of discharging. 

Dis-EM-BOS'pM (dis-em-buz'um), v. a. To un- 
bosom ; to disclose. 

Dis-EM-BOVV'EL, V. a. To take out the bowels of. 

Dls-EM-BRoiL,', V. a. To free from trouble. 

DIs-EN-CHANT', V. a. To free from enchantment. 

DIs-EN-CHANT'MENT, n. Act of disenchanting. 

Dis-en-cDm'ber, v. a. To disburden ; to free. 

DIs-EN-cuM'BRANCE, n. Liberation; freedom. 

DTs-EN-GAf^E', V. a. To release ; to clear ; to free. 

Dis-EN-GA(iE', V. n. To set one's self free from. 

Dis-EN-GAyED' (dls-en-gajd'), p. a. Disjoined;' 
disentangled ; free ; vacant ; being at leisure. 

DIs-en-gA(^'ed-ness, n. State of being disen- 

Dis-EN-GAqiE'niENT, n. Release ; vacancy. 

Dis-en-no'bi,e,d. a. To deprive of rank. 

Dis-en-roll', v. a. To erase from a roll or list. 

Di's-en-tXn'gle, v. a. To unravel ; to set free. 

Dis-EN-TXN'GLE-MENT, n. Disengagement. 

Dis-ex-thrall', v. a. See Disinthuall. 

Dis-en-thr6ne', v. a. To depose ; to dethrone. 

Dfs-E>-Ti'TLE, V. a. To deprive of title. 

Dis-EN-TOMB' (dis-en-tom'), «• «• To disinter. 

D(s-en-trance', v. a. To awaken from a trance. 

Dis-Es-TEE.M', w. Disregard; dislike. 

Dis-iiS-Tj-MA'Tloiv, n. Disrespect ; disesteem, 

Dis-FA'vpR, n. Discountenance ; dislike. 

Dis-FA'VOR, «. a. To discountenance ; to oppose. 

Dls-FA'vpR-ER, n. A discountenanccr. 

Dis-FlG-i;-RA'TipN, n. The act of disfiguring. 

Dis-fig'vre, v. a. Toi deform; to deface; to 

Dis-FlG'vRE-MiiNT, n. Defacement of beauty. 

Dis-frXn'chi§e, v. a. To deprive of the rights 
and privileges of a free citizen. 

Dis-FKiN'cHl^E-MiiNT, 71. Act of disfranchising. 

Dts-FiJR'NiSH, V. a. To deprive ; to unfurnish. 

Di^-GAR'NISH, V. a. To strip of ornaments. 

Dis-GjiB'Ri-spN, V. a. To deprive of a garrison. 

DI§-g6r9^e', v. a. To vomit; to pour out with 
force ; to discharge. 

Di5-GbR(^E'MENT, n. Act of disgorging. 

Dis-GRACE', 7j. State of ignominy ; dishonor; 
shame ; disfavor ; discredit. 

Di§-GRACE', V. a. To dishonor ; to bring to shame. 

Dis-GRACE'FUL, a. Shameful ; ignominious ; base. 

Di'I-grace'fOl-ly, ad. Ignominiously ; basely. 

Di§-GRACE'F0L-NJ3SS, n. Ignominy ; disgrace. 

Di§-gra9'er, 71. One who exposes to shame. 

Di^-fiUl^E' (diz-giz'), V. a. To conceal by an un- 
usual dress ; to disfigure ; to change the form of : 
— to injure by liquor. 

Di§-jGUI§e' (diz-giz'), n. Counterfeit show ; mask 

Di§ £!Ui§'ER (diz-5iz'er), n. One who disguises. 

Di§-GUST',7i. Aversion ; dislike ; disrelish ; nausea, 

DJ^-GUST', V. a. To offend ; to produce aversion. 

Di^-GUST'ful, a. Causing disgust ; disgusting. 

Di§-GUST'iNG,p. a. Causing disgust ; offensive. 

Dis-gijst'ing-ly, ad. In a manner to disgust. 

DisH, 71. A vessel for serving up food : — food. 

Dish, v. a. To serve or put in a dish. [dress. 

Dis-HA-BILLE' (dis-a-bil'), n. Undress; loose 

DiSH'cLoTH, 71. A cioth for wiping dishes. 

Dis-HEART'EN (dis-har'tn), v. a. To discourage. 

L)iSHi3R'l-§ON, 71. See Disinherison. 

Di-siiiiv'EL (de-shev'el), v. a. To spread loosely. 

DisH'FULJ ?i. As much as a dish will hold. 

DiSH'lNG, a. Concave ; hollow. 

Di's-HoN'EST (diz-on'est), a. Not honest ; void of 
p'robity ; faitliless ; fraudulent ; — unchaste. 

Di§HON'EST-LV (diz-on'est-le), ad. In a dishon- 
est manner ; faithlessly ; wickedly. 

Dis-h6n'es-tv (diz-on'es-te), n. Want of hon- 
esty; faithlessness ; fraud ; knavery: — n.nchastity. 

Di^uon'qr (diz-on'ur), 7i. Disgrace ; shame. 

Dj^hon'pr (diz-on'ur), v. a. To disgrace; to 
bring shame upon ; to treat with indignity. 

Dj§-h6n'pr-a-ble (diz-on'ur-a-bl), a. 5fot hon- 
orable ; shameful ; reproachful ; ignominious. 

Di§-h6n'pr-a-BLV (-on'-), dd. Ignominiously. 

DT§-h6n'pr-er (-on'-), n. One who dishonors. 

Dis-Hu'MpR (dis-yu'mgr), n. Ill-humor. 

Dis-iN-CAR'cER-ATE, V. a. To free from prison. 

Dis-fN-CLi-NA'TiQN, n. Want of inclination. 

DIs-in-clIne', v. a. To make averse. 

Dis-lN-FiiCT', V. a. To purify from infection. 

DisiN-FiicT'ANT, 71. A substauce that prevents 
or removes infection. 

Dis-iN-FECT'iNG, p. a. Counteracting infection. 

Dis-JN-FEC'TipN, n. Purification from infection. 

DfS-iN-qtiiN'u-oBs, a. Unfair; meanly artful ; sly 

Dis-JN-i^fiN'v-oCJs-LV, ad. Unfairly; artfully. 

Dfs-lN-i^iLN'V-PUS-NESS, 71. Unfairness ; low craft. 

Djs-in-her'i-^PN (dls-in-hSr'e-zn), n. (Lata.) 
Act of cutting off from hereditary succession. 

Dfs-iN-HER'lT, V. a. To deprive of an inheritance. 

Di§ in'TE-grate, v. a. To separate into particles. 

DT^-lN-TE-GRA'TipN, 7t. Separation into particles. 

DTs-in-ter', v. a. To take out of tlie grave. 

Di§-in'ter-est-ed, a. Free from self-interest ; 
unselfish ; not interested ; impartial. 

DY;j-in'ter-Est-ed-ness, ji. Freedom from self- 

Dis-iN-TiJR'MENT, 77. The act ot unburj'ing. 

Dis-iN-THRALL', V. a. To set free ; to liberate. 

Dis-JN-THRAL'MENT, 77. Act of disintliralling. 

Dl§-ioiN', V. a. To separate ; to part ; to siiiKler, 

Di^-JoiNT', V. a. To put cat of jcint ; to break. 

Di!J-j6'int', v. 71. To fall in pieces. 

Diij-Jo'iNT'ED,;). a. Put out of joint ; separate. 

Dis-JOiNT'LV, ad. In a divided state. 

DI^-jriNCT', a. Disjoined ; separate. 

Diij-jiSNC'TipN, 71. Disunion; separation. 

Di§-jDnc'T|VE, a. Separating; disuniting.^ 

[iENjSiR; MOVE, NOR, SON; BOLL, BUR, rOle. — 9,^, g, ««/t; C,G,c,^,hard ; § -is z ; 5f; as gz : 






(Oram.) Disjoining the sense, though joining the 
words ; as, tlie disjunctive conjunctions, or, nor, &c. 

Di^-jDnc'tive,?!. a disjunctive conjunction. 

Di^-jDnc'tIve-ly, ad. Distinctly; separately. 

Disk, n. [discus, L.] The face of the sun, moon, 
or a planet, as it appears to us projected on the 
sky I — a quoit : — often written (/(sc. See Discus. 

Di'^-LIKE', n. Disinclination ; aversion. 

Di^-MKE', V. a. Not to like ; to disrelish. 

Dis-Li'KEN (diz-ll'kn), V. a. To make unlike. 

Di§-like'ness, 7!. Dissimilitude ; unlikeness. 

Di§-L1MB_' (diz-lim'),i'-«. To tear off the limbs of. 

Dls'LO-CATE, V. a. lo put out of joint ; to disjoint. 

Dls'LO-CAT-ED, p. a. Put Out of place ; disjointed. 

Dis-LO-c a'TIQN, 71. Act of displacing ; a luxation. 

Di§-l6d(;je', v. a. To remove ; to drive from. 

Di§-l6d(/e', v. n. To go away to another place. 

DI§-L.ov'AL, a. Not loyal ; disobedient; faithless. 

DT§-LOY'At,-LY, ad. Faithlessly ; treacherously. 

DI§-loy'al-ty, n. Want of allegiance or fidelity. 

Dij'MAL, a. Sorrowful ; gloomy ; dire ; dark. 

Syn. — Dismal scene or abode ; sorrowful or sad 
countenance ; gloomy prospect ; dire calamity ; 
dark night. 

Di§'MAL-L.Y, ad. Horribly ; sorrowfully ; sadly. 

Di§'mal-ness, n. Horror ; sorrow ; darkness. 

D)§-Man'tle, v. a. To throw down; to demolish; 
to strip ; to divest ; to destroy. 

Di§-MASK', V. a. To divest of a mask ; to unmask. 

DT§-MAST', V. a. To deprive of masts. 

Dl^-MAY', V. a. To terrify ; to^affright ; to deject 

Di§-MAY', 71. Fall of courage ;' terror ; fear. 

DJs-MAY'ED-NESS, ?!. State of fear or alarm. 

Di|-jVlEM'BER, V. a. To divide limb from limb. 

Dl§-MEM'BER-MENT, n. Division ; separation. 

D15-MISS', V. a. To send away ; to discard 

Syn. — Dismiss an officer ; discharge a soldier ; 
discard a dishonest clerk. 

Dl^-Mls'SAL, 71. Act of dismissing ; dismission. 

Dj|-m'is'sion (djz-mlsh'un), n. Act of dismissing; 
leave to depart ; discharge : — deprivation. 

Dl^-JVlls'siVE, a. Causing dismission. 

Di^-MoOnt', v. a. To throw off a horse, &c. 

Dis-MOUNT', V. n. To alight from a horse. 

Di§-NXT'y-RAL-iZE, V. a. To make alien. 

Dis-P-be'DI-ENCe, n. Neglect or refusal to obey. 

DIs-p-be'di-ent, a. That disobeys ; not obedient. 

Dls-p-BEY' (dis-o-ba'), V- a. To refuse obedience 
to ; to break connnands ; to transgress. 

DIs-ob-li-ga'tion, 71. Offence: cause of disgust. 

Dis-6b'li-ga-to-ry, a. Releasing obligation. 

*DiS-p-BLl(^E' [dis-o-bllj', E.F.Ja. Sm.R. C. fVb.; 
dTs-o-bl5j', P. ; dis-o-bllj' or dis-o-blej', S. fV, 
K.], V. a._ To offend by unkindness ; to displease. 

*DIs-P-BlT(^'er, n. One who offends another. 

*Dls-p-BLiqr'lNG, p. a. Not obliging ; unaccom- 
modating ; unfriendly ; displea.sing ; unkind. 

Di§-orbed' (diz-orbd'), a. Thrown out of its orbit. 

Di§-OR'DER, 71. Want of order ; irregularity; con- 
fusion ; disturbance : — derangement : — malady ; 
illness ; disease. 

Di^-OR'DER, V. a. Toputoutof order ; to disturb ; 
to derange : — to ruffle : — to make sick. 

Di§-OR'DERED (diz-br'derd), a. Irregular; ill. 

Di9-6r'der-ed-ness,7i. Irregularity; confusion. 

Di^-OR'DER-L.y,a. Confused ; irregular ; lawless. 

Di^-or'der-ly, a(/. Without rule ; confusedly. 

Di^-OR-GAN-!-ZA'TipN, 71. Subversion of order. 

Di§-OR'GAN-izE, XI. a. To destroy the order of. 

Dis-or'gan-iz-er, n. One who disorganizes. 

Dj§-own' (diz-6n'). V. a. Not to acknowledge as 
one's own ; to disclaim ; to denxj ; to renounce. 

Dls-PAIR', 7;. a. To part a couple ; to separate. 

fDls-PXND', V. a. To display ; to expand. 

fDis-PAN'sipN. 77. Diffusion ; expansion. 

Dls-PAR'A(iE, 7). a. To make unequal ; to depreci- 
ate ; to degrade ; to traduce. 

Syn. — To disparaire, detract, and traduce are 
applied to persons ; depreciate, degrade, and decry, 
to persons or things. Men disparage rivals, de- 
tract from their merit, traduce their character, de- 

preciate their performances; and they degradt 
themselves by misconduct 

D!S-PAR'A(;jE-MENT, n. Act of disparaging ; d& 
preciation ; disgrace ; indignity. 

Djs-PAR'A^-ER, 77. One who disparages. 

Dls-PAR'A(jt-iNG, ;). a. Making disparagement 

Dis'PA-RATE, a. Separate ; dissimilar ; unequal 

Dis'PA-RATES, n. pi. Opposites ; things unlike. 

Dis-PAR'l-TY, 77. Inequality; difference. 

Dis-PARK', V. a. To release from a park. 

Dis-part', v. a. To divide in two ; to separate. 

Dis PAS'sipN (dis-pash'un), 7!. Mental coolness. 

Dls-PAS'siON ATE, a. Cool ; calm ; impartial. 

Dts-PAS'siON-ATE-LY, ad. In a calm manner. 

Dis-PATCH',7). a. To send away hastily ; to has- 
ten : — to kill : — written also despatch. 

Dis-pXtch', n. Speed ; hasta ; an express ; despatch. 

Dis-patch'er, 77. He or that which dispatches. 

Dis-patch'ful, a. Bent on haste ; hasty ; quick. 

Dis'PA-THY, 7!. Want of feeling; apathy. [r.\ 

Dis-PAU'PER, V. a. To deprive of the right ol a 
pauper to assistance. 

Djs-pel', v. a. To drive away ; to disperse. 

Dis-PEN'SA-BLE, a. That may be dispensed. 

Dis-PEN'sA-RY, n. A place where medicines are 
dispensed or distributed to the poor. 

Dis-PEN-SA'TION, 71. Act of dispensing; distribu- 
tion : — administration : — an exemption from some 
law, rule, or service. 

Dis-PEN'SA-TIVE, a. Granting dispensation. 

Dis-pen'sa-tTve-ly, ad. By dispensation. 

Dis'PEN-SA-TOR, 7t. A dispenser; a distributer. 

Dis-pEn'sa-to-ry, 71. A directory for making 
medicines ; a pharmacopoeia. 

Dis-pen'sa-to-ry, a. Granting dispensation. 

Dis-pense', f. a. To deal out; to distribute; to 
allot — To dispense with, to do without. 

Dis-pens'er, n. One who dispenses ; a distributer. 

Dis-PEO'PLE (dis-pe'pl), V. a. To depopulate. 

Dis-PEO'PLER (dis-pS'pler), n. A depopulator. 

Di-sper'mous, a. (Bot.) Having only two seeds, 

Dis-perse', v. a. To scatter; to drive away. 

Syn. — The wind disperses the clouds ; the sun 
dispels them ; the mob is dispersed ; sheep, scattered. 

Dis-piers'ed-LY, ad. In a dispersed manner. 

DJs-PERs'ED-Nfiss, n. State of being dispersed. 

DlS-PERs'ER, 77. One who disperses ; a spreader. 

Dis-PER'sipN, 77. Act of dispersing ; distribution. 

Dis-per'sive, a. Tending to scatter ; spreading. 

Dis-pTr'it, v. a. To discourage ; to depress. 

Dis-pIr'it-ed-ness, n. Want of spirit or vigor. 

Dis-PtACE', 71. a. To put out of place ; to remove. 

Dis-PLACE'MENT, n. Act of displacing. 

DTs-PLA'cEN-cy,7!. Incivility; disobligation. 

Dis-PLANT', V. a. To pluck up ; to drive away, 

Dis-PL^N-TA'TlpN, 77. The act of displanting'. 

Dis-play', r. a. To spread wide ; to exhibit ; to 
show ostentatiously : — to set open ; to expand. 

Dis-play', 7j. An exhibition ; h. show ; parade. 

Dis-play'er, n. He or that whicli displays. 

Dis-PLEA§E', V. a. To offend ; to make angry. 
Syn. — Displeased with what is improper; of- 
fended or vexed with what is disrespectful ; made 
angry by insult. 

DIs-PLEA^'iNG, p. a. Causing displeasure; offen- 
sive ; disagreeable. 

Dis-PLEA§'VRE (dis-plezh'ur), ti. Uneasiness ; 
offence ; pain given ; anger ; disfavor. 

Dis-plode', v. a. & n. To discharge ; to explode. 

Dls-PLO'^lpN (Uis plo'zhun), 7i. An explosion. 

DJs-PLO'^lVE, a. Implying and causing explosion, 

Dis-PLUME', V. a. To strip of plumes or feathers. 

Dis-PORT', n. Play ; sport ; pastime. 

Dis-p6rt',7j. a. To divert. — v. n. To play ; to sport. 

Dis-POf'A-BLE, a. Capable of being disposed of. 

Dis-POif'AL, 71. Act of disposing ; dispositiuii. 

dIs-po^e', v. a. To place ; to arrange: — to in- 
cline. — To dispose of, to apply ; to put off; to sell. 
Syn. — Disposed in rows; placed on the shelf; 
arranged in order : — disposed or inclined to do well. 

D}S-p6§ed' (dis-pozd'),P-<i' Arranged : — inclined, 

i, E, I, p, U, Y, long ! X, £, f, 6, C, ?, short ; A, E, I, p, i;, Y, obscure.— 1? ARE, FAR, fAST, ALL; heir, IIERi 




Djs-po§'er, n. A distributer ; a giver ; director. 

Dls-P9-$l"TipN (dis-pg-zish'un), n. Order ; meth- 
od ; disposal ; inclination : — temper of mind. 

Sy/i. — JDispositionof an a.nny ; established order, 
regular method; disposal of property ; a good dis- 
position ; inclination to study ; placid temper 

Dls-Pos-^ESS', K. a. To put out of possession. 

DlS-Pp|-§ES'SION (dis-poz-zesh'un), n. Act of 
dispossessing ; state of being dispossessed. 

Dis-POf'URE (djs-po'zhur), n. Disposal; slate. 

Di's-PRAl^E', 7i. Blame; censure; dishonor. 

Dis-PRAi^E', V. a. To blame ; to censure. 

Dis-PRAls'ER, n. One wlio dispraises or blames. 

Dis-prea'd' (dis-pred'), j. a. To spread around. 

Dis-PRiJAD' (djs-pred'), v. n. To extend itself. 

Dis-PROF'IT, n. Loss ; damage ; detriment. 

Dis-PROOF', 7f. Confutation ; refutation, [parity. 

DIs-pro-por'tion, 71. Want of proportion ; dis- 

Dis-PRO-POR'TION, V. a. To join unfitly. 

I)is-PRO-POR'TION-A-BLE, a. Wanting proportion. 

Dis-prp-p5r'tion-a-ble-ness, n. Unsuitable- 

I)is-PRQ-POR'TlpN-A-BLY,arf. Unsuitably, [ness. 

Dis-PRO-POR'TION-AL, a. Without proportion. 

Dis-PRO-poR-TiON-AL'i-Ty, n. Want of propor- 

I)is-PRO-POR'TipN-AL-LY, ad. Unsuitably, ftion. 

DTs-pro-por'tion-ate, a. Not projKirtionate. 

Dis-pro-por'tion-ate-ly, ad. Unsuitably. 

Dis-PRp-POR'TiQN-ATE-Niiss, ?!. Unsuitableness. 

DTs-PROv'A-BLE, a. That may be disproved. 

Dis-PROVE', V. a. To prove false or erroneous ; to 
confute ; to refute. 

DTs-prov'er, n. One who disproves. 

Dis-pDN'lSH-A-ELE, a. Without penal restraint. 

Djs'pu-TA-BLE [dis'pu-ta-bl, S. J. F. Sm. R. C. 
IVb. : djs-pu'ta-bl, P. ; dis'pu-ta-bl or dis-pu'ta-bl, 
JV. Ja. K.], a. That may be disputed ; questiona- 
ble ; doubtful. 

Dis'py-TANT, ?!. A controvertist ; an arguer. 

Dis-PU-TA'TipN,?;. Argumentation; controversy. 

Dls-PV-TA'Tl6us, a. Inclined to dispute ; cavilling. 

Dls-pfJ'TA-TJivE, a. Disposed to debate or dispute. 

Dis-pOte', v. 11. To contend by argument; to 
reason against ; to argue ; to debate. 

Dis-PUTE', V. a. To contend for ; to discuss. 

DJs-PUTE', n. Strife or contest in words ; a con- 
test ; controversy ; debate ; a difference ; quarrel. 

Dis-put'er, n. One who disputes ; a disputant 

Dis-QUAL-l-Fl-CA'TipN (dis-kwol-e-fe-ka'shun), 
n. That which disqualifies ; incapacity. 

Dis QUAL'l-FY (dls-kvv61'e-fi), V. a. To make un- 
fit , to disable : — to deprive of a right or claim. 

DTs-QuT'ET, n. Uneasiness ; vexation ; anxiety. 

Dis-CiuT'ET, a. Unquiet ; uneasy ; restless. Sliak. 

Dis-Qiii'ET, V. a. To disturb ; to make uneasy. 

l)is-QUl'ET-ER, «. One who disquiets ; disturber. 

nis-Qui'ET-LY, ad. Without rest ; anxiously. 

IJis-Qiii'ET-NiSss, ?!. Uneasiness; restlessness. 

Dis-QUl'E-TUDE, n. Uneasiness ; anxiety. 

Dis-QU!-§l"TipN (dis-kwe-zish'un), n. An argu- 
mentative inquiry or treatise ; discussion; essay. 

Dls-RE-GARD', ?i. Slight notice ; neglect ; slight. 

Dis-re-gard', v. a. To slight ; to neglect. 

Syn. — He disregarded wise counsel, and slighted 
hii friends, and neglected his duty. 

Dis-re-gard'er, n. One who disregards. 

1)is-RE-gard'fOl, a. Negligent; contemptuous. 

nts-RE-GARD'FUL-LY, ad. Negligently. 

Di^-RiiL'isil, n. Dislike ; distaste ; disgust. 

Ui^-REL'isil, V. a. Not to relish ; to dislike. 
Uts-Rijp'v-TA-BLE, a. Dishonorable; disgraceful. 

Dis-Rijp'y-TA-BLV, ad. Dishonorably. 

Dis-REP-y-TA'TipN, n. Dishonor; ignominy. 

Dts-RE-PilTE', 71. Discredit ; dishonor ; ill repute. 

Dis-RE-SPECT', 71. Incivility; want of respect. 

Dts-RE-spEcT', V. a. To show disrespect to. 
Dis-RE-spiicT'FOl., a. Wanting respect ; uncivil. 
DiS-R^-sPECT'FUr.-LV,ad. Irreverently; uncivilly. 
IJi^-ROBE', v. a. To undress ; to uncover. 
DIs-Ron'ER, 71. One who disrobes or strips off. 
DIs-r6ot', v. a. To separate from the root. 
Di^-Rfip'TipN, 71. IJreach ; rent; dilaceration. 

Dis-sSt-is-fXc'tion, n. State of being dissatis. 

fied ; uneasiness ; discontent. 
Dis-SAT-is-FAC'Tp-RY, a. Unsatisfactory. 

Dis-SAT'is-FY, ■;;. a. To discontent ; to displease. 

Dts-SECT', V. a. To cut in pieces, as an animal 
body ; to cut up ; to anatomize. 

Dis-SECT'i-BLE, a. That may be dissected. 
Dis-SEc'TipN, 7f. Act of dissecting ; anatomy. 

Dis-SECT'oR, 71. One who dissects. 

Dis-SEIZE^,?). a. {Law.) To dispossess wrongfully. 

Uis-sei-zee', 7i. {Law.) One who is disseized. 

DlS-SEIZ'lN (dis-se'zin), n. (Law.) An unlawful 
dispossessing a man of his land, &c. 

Dis-sijiz'oR, 71. {Law.) One who disseizes. 

Dis-SEM'BLANCE,7!. Want of resemblance. 

Dis-sem'ble,©. a. To assume a false appearance; 
to disguise ; to cloak ; to conceal. 

Dis-siiM'BLE, V. n. To play the hypocrite. 

DJs-siiM'BLER, n. One who dissembles ; a hypocrite. 

Dis-siiM'i-NATE, V. a. To scatter as seed ; to sow. 

Dis-siiM-i-NA'TipN, 71. A scattering ; a sowing. 

Dis-siiM'i-NA-TpR, n. One who disseminates. 

DjS-SEN'sipN, n. Angry difference of opinion ; dis- 
agreement ; strife ; quarrel ; discord. 

Dis-SEN'sipys (dis-sen'shus), a. Quanelsonie. 

Dis-siJNT', V. n. To disagree in opinion ; to differ; 
to separate from the established church. 

Dis-SENT', 71. Act of dissenting ; disagreement. 

Dls-SEN-TA'NE-oiJS, a. Disagreeable ; contrary. 

Dis-sent'er, 7!. One who dissents ; one who sep- 
arates from the established church in England ; 
a nonconformist. See Heretic. 

Dis-sen'tient, a. Disagreeing ; dissenting. 

Dis-sen'tient, 77. One who dissents. [essa-g. 

Dis-SER-TA'TlpN, 7!. A discourse ; a treatise ; 

Dis-SER-TA'TlpN-iST, 71. A writer of dissertations. 

Dis'SER-TA-TpR, ?!. One who discourses. 

Dis-SERVE', V. a. To do injury to ; to hurt. 

Dis-SER'vicE, 71. Injury; mischief; hurt. 

Dis-SER'vicE-A-BLE, a. Injurious ; mischievous. 

Dls-si2R'v)CE-A-BLE-NESS, n. Injury ; harm. 

Uis-SEV'ER, V. a. To part in two; to divide ; to 

Dis-SEV'ER-ANCE, 7(. Separation. [sever. 

Dls'sj-DiJNCE, 7^. Discord; disagreement. 

Dis'si-DiSNT, a. Varying; not agreeing. 

Dis'si-DENT, 71. One who dissents ; dissenter. 

*D!S-siL'lENCE, n. The act of starting asunder. 

*Dis-siL'lENT [dis-sil'yent, S. W. Ja. K. ; dis-sil'- 
le-ent, P. Sm. C], a. Starting asunder. 

Dis-si-LT"TipN, 71. Act of bursting in two. 

Dis-siM'l-LAR, a. Unlike ; heterogeneous. 

Dis-siM-i-LSR'l-TY, 7!. Want of resemblance ; un- 
likeness; difference; dissimilitude. 

Dis-siM'i-LE, n. A comparison by contraries. 

Dis-si-MlL'l-TUDE, n. Want of resemblance. 

Di's-siM-u-LA'TipN, 7!. Act of dissembling ; con- 
cealment of something: — hypocrisy. 

DTs'si-P^-BLE, a. Liable to dispersion. 

Dis'si-PATE, V. a. To disperse ; to spend lavislily. 

Dis'si-PAT-ED, p. a. Addicted to dissipation. 

Dls-si-PA'TipN, ?(. Dispersion : — dissolute living ; 
excess ; irregularity ; waste. 

Dis-so'ci-A-BLE (dis-so'she-a-bl), a. Not sociable. 

Dls-so'ciAL, a. Disinclined to society. Karnes. 

Dis-so'ci-ATE (dis-so'she-at), v. a. To separate. 

DIs-so-ci-A'TlpN (dis-so-she-a'shun), 74. Division. 

Dis-sp-Ly-BTL'!-TY,7i. Llableness to be dissolved. 

Dis'sp-Lfi-BLE, a. Capable of being dissolved. 

Dis'sp-LUTE, a. Loose ; unrestrained ; debauched. 
Syn. — Dissolute conduct; loose manners; un- 
restrained actions ; debauched habits. 

DTs'.sp-LUTE-Ly, ad. Loosely ; without rcslraint 

Dfs'sp-LUTE-NESS, 71. Debauchery; dissipation. 

DTs-sp-EfJ'TIpN, 77. Act of dissolving: — death; 
destruction : — act of breaking up an assembly. 

Dlij-^oLV'A-BLE, a. That may be dissolved. 

Disj-^olve', 7). a. To melt ; to disunite ; to sepa- 
rate ; to destroy ; to discontinue. 

Dl^-fjoLVE', 7>. n. To be li(|uefied ; to melt. 

Diif-^ol.v'ENT, a. Tending to dissolve or melt. 

Uiif-^OLV'ENT, 71. That which causes melting. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n: bOlL, bUR, rOlE. 

■ 9,9, ^jsuft; ts,fi <^,l,,li.ard; §osz; Jfosgz: Tllia 




|5i9-§OLV'ER, n. He or that which dissolves. 
Di§-§6lv'1-BLE, a. See Dissolvable. 
Dis'sQ-NANCE, re. Discord; disagreement. 
Dis'so-NANT, a. Unharnionious ; incongruous. 
DIs-suade' (dis-swad'), v. a. To advise against; 

to discourage ; to deter ; to disincline. 
DIs-suad'er, 7!. One who dissuades. 
Dis-SUA'^IQN (dis-svva'zhun), n. Dehortation. 
Dls-suA'siVE, a. Tending to dissuade. 
Dis-SUA'SIVE (dis-swa'sjv), n. Dehortation. 
DIs-syl-lab'ic, a. Consisting of two syllables. 
DiS-SYL'LA-BLE or DlS'SVL-LA-BLE [dis'sil-la- 
bl, S. W. J. K. ; dis-sil'lft-bl,' P. F. Ja. Sm. C. 
fVb.], n. A word of two syllables. 
Dis'TAFF, 71. ; pi. dis'tXffs. The staff from 

which the flax is drawn in spinning. 
Dis-tain', v. a. To stain ; to blot ; to sully. 
Dis'TANCE, n. Space between two things ; re- 
moteness : — space of time : — reserve : — interval. 
Dis'TANCE, V. a. To leave behind, as in a race. 
Dis'TANT, a. Remote in time or place ; remote : — 
shy : — cold : — not allied ; not obvious ; not plain. 
D'lS-TASTE', n. Aversion ; disrelish ; dislike. 
Dis-TASTE', V. a. To disrelish ; to dislike. 
Dis-taste'ful, a. Nauseous ; offensive ; disa- 
greeable ; unpleasing. 
Dis-taste'fOi,-ness, 71. Disagreeableness. 
Dis-tem'per, n. A disease ; a malady ; ill-humor. 
DJs-TJiM'PER, V. a._ To disorder ; to disturb. 
Dis-TEM'PER-A-TURE, ?«. Bad temperature ; per- 
turbation : illness. 
Dis-TEM'PERED (dis-tem'perd), p. a. Disordered. 
Dis-tend', v. a. To stretch out ; to exi)and. 
Dis-TEN'si-BLE, a. That may be distended. 
Dis-TEN'TION, ?(. [distentio,]^.] Act of stretching 

or distending ; expansion ; breadtli. 
Dis'Tijen, 71. A couplet ; two poetic lines. 
Dis'Ti-jEHODs, a. (Bot.) Arranged in two rows. 
Dis-TIL', V. n. To drop ; to fall in drops. 
Dis-til', v. a. To draw by distillation ; to dissolve. 
DfS-TiL'LA-BLE, a. Capable of being distilled. 
Dis-TlL-LA'TlON, ji. Act of distilling ; a dropping. 
Dls-TiL'L4-Tp-RY, a. Belonging to distillation. 
Dis-TiL'LER, n. One who distils. [tilled. 

DJs-TiL'LER-Y, K. A place where spirits are dis- 
Dis-Tl'L'MEiVT, n. Distillation. Shak. [«.] 
Dis-TINCT', a. Different; separate ; unconfused. 
Dis-TiNC'TlpN, 7t. Act of discerning differences ; 
difference ; discrimination : — note of superiority ; 
eminence ; rank : — separation. 
Dis-TINC'TIVE, a. Marking a distinction ; clear. 
Dis-TiNC'TivE-LY, ad. Particularly; clearly. 
Djs-TINCT'LY, ad. Not confusedly ; plainly. 
Dis-tijjct'ness, n. Clearness ; nice observation. 
Dis-TiN'GUlSH (dis-ting'gwish), v. a. To discern ; 
to perceive ; to discriminate ; to separate ; to di- 
vide : — to mark out ; to make eminent. 
Dis-tin'guish, v. n. To make distinction. 
Dis-TiN'GuisH-A-Bi.E, a. Discernible. 
Dis-TlN'GuisHED (djs-tlng'guisht), p. a. Celebrat- 
ed ; eminent ; transcendent ; extraordinary. 
Dis-tin'guish-er, 77. One who distinguishes. 
Dis-Tm'GUiSil-iNG-LY, ad. With distinction. 
Dis-TiN'GUlSH-MENT, n. Distinction. Shak. 
Dis-TORT', V. a. To writhe ; to twist ; to wrest. 
Dis-TOR'TION, 11. Act of distorting ; perversion. 
Dis-trXct', v. a. To divide ; to vex ; to discom- 
pose ; to disturb ; to perplex ; to make mad. 
Dis-tract'ed, p. a. Perplexed; insane; frantic. 
Dis-TRACT?'ED-LY, ad. Madly ; franticly. 
Dis-TRACT'ED-NESS, 71. State of being distracted. 
Dis-TRAct'er, 71. He or that which perplexes. 
Dis-trac'tion, 71. State of being distracted ; con- 
fusion ; disturbance : — madness. 
Dis-trac'tive, a. Causing perplexity. 
Dis-train', v. a. (Law.) To seize ; to lay hold 

of, as goods, for payment of debt. 
Dis-train', ». n. To make seizure. 
DJs-TRAlN'A-BLE, a. Liable to be distrained. 
Dis-train'or, n. One who distrains. 
DJs-TRAiNT', 71. A seizure of goods, &c. 

Dis-trEss', n. Misery ; misfortune ; want.-. 
(Law.) Act of distraining ; seizure. 

Dis-TRiiss', V. a. To harass ; to make miserable. 
Syii. — Distressed in circumstances, in feeling; 
harassed with business ; pcrplexcdwhh dilficulties. 

Dls-TRfiss'ED-NESS, 77. State of being distressed. 

Dis-tress'ful, a. Miserable; full of trouble. 

Dis-TRESS'FUL-EY, ad. In a miserable maimer. 

Dis-TR£ss'lNG, a. Harassing; afflicting ; painful. 

Dis-TRiB'u-TA-BLE, a. That may be distributed. 

Dis-TRJB'VTE, 7J. a. To divide among many; to 
deal out ; to dispense : — to separate and replace, 
as types. 

Dis-TRiB'v-TER,n. One who distributes. 

Dis-TRl-Bu'TlON, n. Act of distributing ; appor- 
tionment ; a dealing out; dispensation. 

Dls-TRiB'y-TiVE, a. That distributes. 

Dis-TRiB'u-TiVE, 11. A word that divides. 

Dis-TRiB'u-TiVE-LY,crf. By distribution ; singly. 

Dis'TRicT, n. A circuit ; a province ; a territory. 

Dis'TR'jcT, V. a. To divide into districts. 

Dis'trIct, a. Relating to a district or division. 

Diii-TJRiJV'eAS,n. [L.] (Law.) A writ for dis- 

Djs-trDst', v. a. To be suspicious of; not to 
trust ; to disbelieve ; to doubt ; to discredit. 

Dis-TRUST', 7i. Want of confidence ; susjiicion. 

Dis-TRUST'FUL, a. Apt to distrust; diffident. 

Syn. — Distrustful of another's integrity ; sus. 
picious of his honesty ; diffident of one's self. 

Dis-trDst'eOl-ly, ad. In a distrustful manner. 

Dis-trDst'ful-ness, n. Want of confidence. 

Dis-trDst'less, a. Having no suspicion. 

Dis-TiiRB', V. a. To perplex; to disquiet; to vex. 

D!S-TiJRB'ANCE,7i. Perplexity ; confusion; tumult. 

Dis-TiJRB'ER, n. One who disturbs. 

Dis-un'iqn (dis-yQn'yun) [dis-Q'ne-un, W. P. J. 
Ja. Sm. ; dis-u'nyun, S. £. F. C], n. Want of 
union ; disjunction ; separation. 

Dis-un'ion-ist, 71. One who promotes disunion- 

Dis-y-NlTE' (dis-yu-nit'), v. a. To separate. 

Dis-y-NlTE', V. 11. To fall asunder ; to separate. 

Dis-v-NlT'ER, n. He or that which disunites. 

Dis-u'n}-ty, 7t. Want cf unity; separation. 

Dis-u'§A^E, ra. Cessation of use ; disuse. 

Dis-use', 7i. Cessation of use ; desuetude. 

Dis-usE', V. a. To cease to use; to disaccustom. 

Di§-VAL-y-A'TlON, n. Low estimation ; disgrace. 

Di§-VAL'yE (diz-val'yu), v. a. To undervalue. 

Di§-val've (diz-val'yu), 7(. Disregard. [J?.] 

Di^-VOUCH', V. a. To discredit ; to contradict. 

D'iTCH, 71. A trench cut in the ground for tlie pas- 
sage of water : — a moat around a fortress. 

Ditch, v. n. & a. To make a ditch ; to trench. 

Ditch'er, 77. One who digs ditches. 

Di'the-i§m, n. The doctrine of the existence of 
two gods. 

Di-the-is'tic, a. Relating to ditheism. 

Dith'y-rXmb, )n. Asongin honorof Pacchus j 

DlTH-Y-RAM'Blc, i a bacchanalian song. 

Ditii-y-rXm'bic, a. Wild; enthusiastic. 

Di'tone, 7(. (Mas.) An interval of two tones. 

Dlt't^-ny, 71. An aromatic, perennial plant. 

Dit'to, ad. or n. As said, or as aforesaid : — the 
same thing repeated; — used in accounts, and 
often abbreviated to do. 

Dit'-ty, 77. A poem to be sung ; a song ; a lay. 

DI-y-RE'sis, 77. [Gr.] Excessive flow of urine. 

DI-y-RfiT'lc, a. Provoking or causing urine. 

DT-y-RET^c, 77. A drug that provokes urine. 

DT-iiR'NAL, a. Relating to the day ; daily. 

DT-iJR'NAL, 71. A journal; a day-book. 

DT-iJR'NAL-LY, ad. Daily ; every day. 

Dl-y-TiJR'NAL, a. Lasting; of long continuanc®. 

Dl-y-TiJR'Nl-TY, 11. Length of duration. 

Di-vXn', v. Tlie grand council of Turkey: — a 
council-chamber ; a hall : — a smoking room. 

DT-var'i-cate, v. n. To be parted into two. 

DT-vXr'i-cate, v. a. To divide into two. 

DT-vXr-i-CA'tiqn, n. Partition ; division. 

DIve. v. 11. To plunge into water ; to immerse. 

A, £, I, O, U, Y, long; X, fi, I, 6, t?, ?, short; A, E, I, Q, y, y, obscure.— fare, FAR, FAST, all; IlfilR, HERi 




DS-VEL'li-CATE, r. a. To pull ; to tear. [R.] 

Div'ER, n. One who dives ; a water-fowl. 

*Di-ver(^e' or Di-ver(^e' (20), v.n. To tend va- 
rious ways from one point ; to recede. 

*Di-ver'9ENCE, )i. A receding from each other. 

*Dl-VER'(;niNT, a. Receding from each other. 

*Di-VER9-'lNG, p. a. Receding; divergent. 

DT'vERS (di'verz), a. Several ; sundry ; various. 

DI'VERSE, a. Diflferent; unlike; multiform. 

Di'VERSE-l,y, ad. In different ways ; variously. 

Dl-VER-si-Fl-CA'TlpN, re. Act of diversifying: 
variation ; variegation. 

Di-ver'si-form, a. Having various forms. 

Df-VER'sj-FY, V. a. To make different ; to vary. 

Di-ver'sion, 7(. Act of diverting ; a turning aside : 

— amusement ; recreation ; sport ; game. 
Di-Ver'si-ty, re. Difference; unlikeness ; variety. 

Sijn. — liiversity of opinions ; difference or un- 
likeness of character or habits ; variety of pursuits. 

Dl -viJRT', V. a. To turn aside : — to amuse. 

Di-vert'er, re. He or that which diverts. 

Di-vert'in&, p. a. Causing diversion ; amusing. 

Di-ver'ti§e [de-ver'tiz, W. P. Ja. K. Sm. R. ; di- 
ver-tiz', lVb?],'v. a. To please : to exhilarate. 

Dj-ver'ti^e-ment, 71. Diversion; pleasure. 

Di-ver'tive, a. Recreative ; exhilarating. 

Dl-VEST', V. a. To strip ; to mako naked ; to de- 
vest : — opposed to invest. 

Di-vest'ure (de-vest'yur), n. A putting off. 

Di-viD'A-BLE, a. Capable of being separated. 

Di-vide', v. a. To part into different pieces; to 
disunite ; to separate ; to deal out. 

Di-vide', '». n. To part ; to sunder. 

Div'i-DEND,7t. A share ; part allotted in division. 

— {Arith.) A number to be divided. 
Di-vid'er, re. He or that which divides. 
Di-vid'er^, re. j)l. A pair of compasses. 
DIv-i-na'tion, n. Act of divining ; a foretelling 

of future events. See Prophecy. 

Div'l-NA-TOR, re. One who professes divination. 

Di-vin'a-to-ry, a. Professing divination. 

Di-vine', a. Partaking of divinity; proceeding 
from God ; godlike ; heavenly. 

Di-vine', n. A theologian ; a priest ; a clergtjman. 
Syn. — A minister of the gospel is a. divijie ; a 
professor of theology or one learned in theology is 
a theologian, or a learned divine. 

Di-vine', i[). ffi. To foretell. — v.n. To conjecture. 

Di-vine'ly, ad. In a divine manner. 

Di-vine'ness, re. Divinity ; supreme excellence. 

Di-vin'er, re. One who divines ; a conjurer. 

DIv'iNG-BjJLl., ?i. A machine for descending be- 
low the surface of the water. 

Dl-viN'lTY, n. The Deity; divine nature; god- 
head : — a god : — science of divine things ; theology. 

Dl-vi^-i-BiL'l-TY, re. Quality of being divisible. 

Di-Vi§'!-BLE, a. Capable of being divided. 

Di-vi's'i-BLE-NESS, 7i. Divisibility. 

Di-v'l''§lpN(de-vizh'iin), 71. Actof dividing ; par- 
tition : — a part ; a portion : — discord ; difference. 

Di-vi"§lON-AL, a. Relating to division. 

Ul-Vl'siVE, a. Creating division or discord. 

Dl-vi_'§pR, n. A number which divides. 

Di-VORCE', n. The legal separation of husband 
and wife : — separation ; disunion. 

Di-vorce', v. a. To separate, as a husband and 
wife : — to put away ; to force asunder. 

Di-VORCE'ment, n. Divorce. 

Di-VOR'CER, n. He or that which divorces. 

D!-vor'c!-bl,e, a. That may bo divorced. 

Di-vor'cive, a. Having power to divorce. 

Div-yL-GA'TlQN, 77. A publishing abroad. 

Di-vFilwe',!). a. T publish ; to reveal ; to proclaim. 

Di-viJL'^(,JER, 77. One who divulges ; a publisher. 

Dl-vtJL'siQN, re. A plucking away ; laceration. 

D]-vDl's!VE, a. Having power to tear away. 

Dl'ZEN (di'zn), V. a. To dress ; to bedizen. 

Uiz'zi-nEss, re. Giddiness; a whirl in the head. 

DIz'ZY, a. Giddy ; thoughtless ; whirling. 

DjiiR-Rin' (jer-rCd'), re. A blunt Turkish javelin. 

Do, V. a. [tkou otsT, he voE^ or d6th ; — t. did ; 

pp. DOING, DONE.] To practiso or act any thu;^ 

good or bad ; to perform ; to execute ; to transact 
Do, v. n. To act in any manner, well or ill. 
Do, [It.] ■ (Mas.) A syllable used by the Italians^ 

answering to nt in French. 
Doat, v. re. See Dote. 
*D6c-i-BiL'l-TY, 77. Readiness to learn. 
*Do<;''i-BLE [dos'e-bl, S. fV. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ! 

do'se-bl, P. fVb.], a. Tractable ; docile. 
*Doc'l-BLE-NESS, n. Teachableness. 
*D6c'iLE [dos'il, S. TV. E.F.Ja. K. Sm. C. ; do'silj 

P.'Wb.'],a. Teachable; easily taught. 
Do-ciL'l-TY, 77. State of being docile. 
Doc'l-MA-CY, 77. The art of assaying ores. 
Do^-i-imas'tic, a. Relating to the assays of ores 

metals, and minerals. 
Dock, ?7. A place for building and laying up ships; 

dock-yard : — a plant ; a weed. 
Dock, v. a. To cut short ; to lay in a dock. 
Dock'ai^e, re. Money paid for using a dock. 
Dock'et, 77. A label or direction on goods.— 

{Law.) A list of cases in court. 
Dock'et, v. a. To mark with the titles ; to enter. 
Dock'-Yard, re. A place where ships are built, 

and naval stores are reposited. 
Doc'TOR, re. A title in divinity, law, physic, iStc: 

— a teacher ; a learned man : — a physician. 
Doc'TOR, V. a. To cure ; to heal. Pope. [ Vulgar.] 
D6c'TpR-AL, a. Relating to the degree of doctor. 
Doc'TpR-AL-Ly, ad. In the manner of a doctor. 
Doc'TpR-ATE, re. The degree of a doctor. 
Doc'TpR-ATE, 71. a. To make a doctor. 
Doc'TpRS'-CoM'MpN^, 77. pi. A College of ci- 
vilians, 111 London. 
Doc'TpR-SHiP, re. Rank of a doctor; doctorate. 

D6cSrSs,!"- a female doctor. 

Doc'tri-nal, a. Relating to doctrine ; containing 

Doc'tri-nal, re. A doctrine ; a principle. 

Doc'TRJ-NAL-LV, ad. In the form of doctrine. 

Doc'TRlNE, 77. A principle ; precept ; tenet. 

Syn. — Believe doctrines; hold or imbibe prin- 
ciples or tenets ; obey precepts ; doctrines of tlio 
gospel ; dogmas of the church or of a sect. 

Doc'iJ-MENT, re. A writing containing some pre- 
cept or information ; a manuscript ; a record. 

Doc'u-MENT, 71. a. To teach ; to direct, 

D5c-u-MijNT'AL, a. Belonging to instruction. 

Doc-u-MiiNT'A-RY, a. Consisting of documents. 

Dod'der, re. A parasitical plant ; bindweed. 

D6-D)3c'a-g6n, re. A figure of tvvelv<; equal sides. 

D6-dec-a-he'dral, a. Relating to a dodeca- 

Do-dec-a-he'dron, re. A regular solid, compre- 
hended under twelve equal and ref;ular pentagons. 

DoDCjiE, V. re. To use cratt ; to shift place. 

DoDijE, V. a. To evade by a sudden movement. 

DoD(^'ER, re. One who dodges or evades. 

Doe (do), 77. A she-deer ; the female of a buck. 

Do'ER, n. One who does a thing ; actor ; agent. 

Does (dtiz), v. The 3d person singular from Do. 

Doff, v. a. To put off; to strip ; to put away. 

Dog, 77. A domestic animal : -~ an andiron. 

Dog, ?'. a. To hunt as a dog ; to follow. 

Do'gate, re. The office or dignity of a doge. 

Dog'ijrJ-er, 77. The brier that bears tlie hip. 

Dog'-cheap, a. Cheap as dog's meat ; very cheap 

Dog'-Day, re. ; pi. d6c'-DAY§. The days in 
which the dog-siar rises and sets with the sun. 

DoffE, re. Tlie title of the chief magistrate of the 
late republics of Venice and Genoa. 

Dog'ged, a. Sullen ; sulky ; sour ; morose. 

Dog'xjed-lv, ad. Sullenly ; gloomily ; sourly. 

Dog'jGED-nEss, 77. Gloominess ; siillennoss. 

Dog'ger, re. A Dutch vessel with one mast. 

*DoG'<JER-EL or Dog'gerel [dog'grel, S. ff. .7. 
F. .7a. ; dog'ger-el, P. K. Sm. k.}, a. Irregular 
and burlesque ; vile ; despicable. 

*DoG'eER-EL, re. Mean, worthless versos. 

Dog'-K£n-NEL, n. A little hut or house for dogs. 

MiENjS'lR; m6ve, NOR, s5n ; bOll, BUR, rOle. — 9, 9, *,s(i/i!; «, «, £,g,/mr(i; § as a^ i^f as gz : THia 




Dog'MA, n. [L.] L. pi. D&e'MA-TA ; Eng. d5g'- 
MA§. A settled opinion ; a principle ; a doctrine. 

Dp& mat'ic, j a. Relating to dogmas or doc- 

Dog-Mat'i-cal, \ trines ; authoritative ; positive. 

DpG-MAT'i-CAL-Ly, ad. Magisterially ; positively. 

DoG-MAT'l-CAL-NESS, n. Positiveness. 

DoG-MAT'ics, n. pZ. Dogmatic or doctrinal the- 

DoG'MA-Ti§M, n. Positiveness in opinion. 

DoG'MA-TiST, n. A dogmatical teacher. 

Dog'ma-tize, v. n. To teach dogmatically. 

Dog'MA-tiz-er, n. One who dogmatizes. 

Dog'roje, n. The flower of the hip or brier. 

DoG's'-EAR, n. ;pl. d6g'§'-ears (dogz'Srz). The 
corners of the leaves of books folded down. 

Dog'-Star, n. The bright star Sirius, or Canicula, 
which gives name to the dog-days. 

D6g'-T66th, n. ; pi. dog'-teeth. A sharp- 
pointed human tooth ; — called also an eye-tootli. 

Dog'-Trick, n. An ill turn ; surly treatment. 

Dog'-Trot, 11. A gentle trot, like that of a dog. 

DoT'LY, n. A species of woollen stuff: — a napkin. 

D6'lNG§, re. pi. Things done ; transactions. 

Doit, n. A Dutch copper coin. 

Do-LAB'Ri-FORM, a. (Bot.) Formed as an axc. 

Dolce (dSl'cha), [It.J (Mus.) Same as Dol- 

VOLCEMENTE (dbl'cha-men-ta), [It.] (^Mus.) In 
a soft, agreeable manner. 

Dole, n. Any thing dealt out : — grief; sorrow. 

Dole, v. a. To deal ; to distribute. 

Dole'ful, a. Sorrowful; dismal; melancholy. 

Dole'fOllv, ad. In a doleful manner. 

Dole'fOl-NESS, ?i. Sorrow; dismalness. 

Dol'e-rite, 7i. (Min.) A variety of trap-rock. 

DoLE'soME (dol'sum), a. Melancholy ; gloomy. 

DoLE'spME-Ly, ad. In a dolesome manner. 

DoLE'spME-NESS, n. Gloom ; melancholy. 

Doll, re. A child's puppet or baby. 

Dol'lar, n. A silver coin of the United States, 
Mexico, &c. of the value of 100 cents. 

Do'LpR, re. [L.] Grief; sorrow; complaint; pain. 

Dol p-RiF'ER-oys, a. Producing pain. 

DoL-p-RiF'lc, ) a. Causing pain or sorrow; 

D6l-p-rif'i-cal, \ grievous. 

Vol.-o-lio'^o, [It] (AIus.) Soft and pathetic. 

DoL'p-ROijs, a. Sorrowful ; doleful ; dismal. 

D6l'p-rous-lv, ad. Sorrowfully ; mournfully. 

DoL'pilijv, re. The name of a cetaceous fish or 
mammal, that preys upon other fish. 

DoLT, ?i. A heavy, stupid fellow ; a blockhead. 

DoLT'lSH, a. Stupid ; mean ; dull ; heavy. 

DoLT'iSH-NESS, re. Folly ; stupidity. 

Dp-MAiN', re. Uominion ; empire ; estate. 

Do'MAL, a. (_Jlstrol.) Relating to a house. 

Dome, n. A spherical roof raised over the middle 
of a building; a cupola ; a building 

D6me§'DAY-Book, re. See Doomsday-Book. 

Dp-MES'Tic, a. Belonging to the house ; private ; 
tame ; not wild ; not foreign ; intestine. 

Dp-MES'T[C, re. One kept in the house ; a domes- 
tic or household servant. 

Dp-MES'Ti-CAL-LY, ad. In a domestic manner. 

Dp-Miis'Ti-cATE,?). a. To make domestic ; to tame. 

Dp-MjSs-tI-ca'tion, re. Act of domesticating. 

Do-MES-Tig'i-TY, re. Domestic life or habits. 

DoM'l-ciLE, re. A house ; a residence ; abode. 

DoM'l-ciLE, V. a. To establish the residence of. 

DojVl-l-clL'l- A-RY, a. Intruding into private houses. 

DPM iciL'l-ATE, V. a. To render domestic. 

Dom'i-nant, a. P"?Gominant ; prevailing. 

DoM'i-NAN' re. {Mus.) The fifth note or tone. 

Dom'i-nate, v. re. & a. To rule : to govern. 

DoM-i-NA'TipN, re. Power ; dominion ; tyranny. 

DoM't-NA-TlVE, a. Imperious; governing. 

DoM'i-NA-TpR, 71. An absolute governor or ruler. 

Dom'i-NE, re. [dominus, h.] A schoolmaster. 

Dom-i-neer', v. re. To rule in an insolent or 
overbearing manner ; to lord ; to bluster. 

Dp-MiN'l-CAL, a. Noting the Lord's day, or Sun- 
day ; as the dominical letter, noting Sunday. 

Do-mTn'i-can, n. One of the order of St. Dominic, 
Dp-MiN'ipN (do-min'yun), n. Sovereign authority | 

power : — territory ; region i district. 
DbM' i-NO, re. ,• pi. noM'l-NO$. [It.] A kind of 

hood ; a long dress : — a kind of game. 
Don, n. A title of honor m Spain. 
Don, v. a. To put on ; to invest with. Shak. 
Do'na-ry, 7i. A thing given to sacred uses. 
Dp-NA'TipN, re. Act of giving; something be- 
stowed ; benefaction ; a gift ; a present. 
DoN'A-TiST, n. A follower of Donatus. 
Don'a-tive [dSn'a-tlv, fV. P. J. E. F. Ja Sm. ; 

do'na-tiv, S. K. Wb.], n. A gift ; a present. 
Don'a-tive, a. Vested or vesting by donation. 
DoNEySn), p. From the verb Do. 
Dp-NEe', re. One to whom any thing is given. 
DoN'jpN (diSn'jun), re. A keep. See Dungeon. 
Don'key, n. A childish word for an ass. 
Do'nor, re. One who gives ; a giver ; a bestower. 
Doo'dle, re. A trifler ; an idler ; a simpleton. 
Doom, r). a. To judge; to condemn ; to destine. — 

{JVew England^ To tax at discretion. 
Doom, re. A judicial sentence ; judgment ; ruin ; 

condemnation ; destiny ; fate. 
D66m§'day, m. The day of final judgment. 
DooMf'DAY-BoOK (-buk), re. A book made by 

order of William the Conqueror, in which the 

estates of England were registered. 
Door (dor), re. The gate or entrance of a house ; 

portal ; passage ; avenue. 
Door'-Case, re. A frame which encloses a door. 
Door'-Keep-er (dor'kep-er), re. A porter. 
DooR'-PosT (dor' post), re. The post of a door. 
Door'- Way, re. The passage of a door. 
DoQ'UET (dok'et), 7i. See Docket. 
Dor, re. A buzzing insect ; the clock-beetle. 
Dp-RA'_DO, n. A southern constellation : — a fish. 
Dp-RJJE', n. A fish called John Dory. 
DoR'ic, a. Pertaining to Doris: — relating to an 

order of Grecian architecture. 
DoR'l-ci^M, re. A Doric phrase or idiom. 
D6r'man-cy, 71. Quiescence; sleep. 
Dor'mant, a. Being asleep ; sleeping ; not public ; 

concealed ; not acting publicly ; as, " a dormant 

Dor'mant or Dor'mer, re. A large beam. 
Dor'MER, re. Abeam: — a window. 
Dor'mer-Win'dovv', re. A window set in the 

roof of a house. 
Dor'mi-tIve, re. A soporific medicine ; an opiate. 
Dor'MI-tp-ry, 71. A place to sleep in. 
Dor'mouse, n. A small animal. 
Dor'sal, a. Relating to or growing on the back. 
Dor'sel or Dor'ser, re. A pannier ; a basket. 
DpR-slF'ER-ous, ) a. {Bot.) Bearing seeds on the 
DpR-siP'A-ROus, \ back of the leaves. 
Dose, 7i. Enough of medicine, &c. for one time. 
Dose, v. a. To proportion ; to give in doses. 
Dos'el, re. Drapery or hangings round the walls 

of a hall, &c. 
Dos'SER, 71. A basket ; a pannier ; dorser. 
Dos'sil, n. A pledcet or lump of lint for a sore. 
Dost [dust, S. W. P~. F. Ja. K. Sm. C.],v. The sec- 
ond person singular from Do ; as, thou dost. 
Dot, re. A small point or spot in a writing, &c. 
Dot, t). a. To mark. — v. n. To make dots. 
Do'ta^e, 77. Imbecility of mind ; silly fondness. 
Do'tal, a. Relating to tlie portion of a woman. 
Do'tard, n. One whose mind is impaired by 

Dp-TA'TION, re. Act of endowing ; endowment. 
Dote, v. n. To love excessively or foolishly. 
Dot'er, re. One who dotes ; a dotard. 
Doth [duth, S. fV. P. F. Sm. ; doth, Wb.], v. The 

third person singular from Do .- — same as Does. 
D6T'lNG,p. a. Loving excessively ; very fond. 
Dot'tard, 77. A tree kept low by cutting. 
D6t'ter-el, re. The name of a bird. 
DoDb'le (dub'bl), a. Twofold ; two of a sort. 
DoDb'le (diib'bl), arf. Twice over; doubly. — It 

is much used in composition for doubly. 

A, Ej I, o, fj, y, long ; A, E, I, 6, 15, 1? , short; A, E, i, p, y, y, obscure.— tkRE, far, fXst, All; itEiR, hee, 




DoOb'le ^ dub'bl), V. a. To add as much more ; to 
repeat : — to fold . — to pass round, as a headland. 

DoDb'le, v. n. To increase to twice the quantity. 

Doi;b'i.e,«. Twice as much: — a fold : — a trick. 

Doijb'le-Base, n, A large musical instrument 
of the viol kind. 

Doub'le-Deal'er (dfib'bl-del'er), n. A deceit- 
ful, insidious person ; a knave. 

DoDb'le-Deal'ing (dub'bl-d5l'ing),7i. Artifice. 

DouBLE-ENTENDRE (do'bl-in-fin'dr), ». [Fr.] 
A phrase or sentence with a double meanmg. 

DoCb'le-ness (diib'bl-nes), n. State of being 

DoOb'ler (dub'ler), n. One who doubles. 

Doub'eet (dtib'iet), n. An inner garment; a 
waistcoat : — two ; a pair : — a kind of game. 

DoOb'ee-tongued' (diib bl-tungd'),^' Deceitful. 

DoDb'ling (liub'ljng), n. A folding ; an artifice. 

DoOb-loon' (dub-16n'), n. [doublon, Fr. ; doblon, 
Sp.] A Spanish coin, equal to two pistoles. 

Doub'ly (dub'le), ad. In twice the quantity. 

Doubt (dbut), v. n. To question ; to hesitate. 

DoObt (ddut), -c. a. To suspect ; to distrust. 

Syn. — The truth of what he said is doubted, 
his statement is distrusted, and his veracity sus- 

Doubt (dbut), n. Uncertainty of mind ; hesita- 
tion ; suspense ; indecision ; scruple ; suspicion. 

DoObt'a-ble (dbut'?-bl), a. That may be doubted. 

DoObt'er (dbut'er), n. One who doubts. 

DoObt'fOl (dbut'ful), a. Dubious; ambiguous; 
obscure ; questionable ; uncertain 

DoObt'fOl-ly (dbut'ful-le). ad. Dubiously. 

DoUBT'FUL-Nisss (dout'ful-nes), n. Suspense. 

DoObt'LESS (dbut'les), ad. Without doubt. 

DoCbt'less-ly (dbiit'les-le), ad. Undoubtedly. 

Douceur (do-sUr'), n. ' [Fr.] A bribe ; a lure. 

DoupHE (d6sh),«. [Fr.J A stream or jet of wa- 
ter poured on the body ; a shower-bath. 

Dough (do), n. Unbaked paste ; kneaded flour. 

Dough'nDt (do'nut), n. A piece of pastry fried or 
boiled in lard. 

DouGH'Tl-NESS (dbu'te-nes), n. Valor; bravery. 

DoOgh'ty (dbu'te),a. Brave : — noble ; eminent. 

Dough'y (do'e), a. Soft, like dough ; soft. 

DoOsE, V. a. To plunge into the water ; to lower. 

DoOse, v. n. To fall suddenly into the water. 

D6vE (duv),7i. A domesticated pigeon ; a pigeon. 

D6ve'-06t, n. A small building for pigeons. 

DSve'-HoOse, n. A house for doves or pigeons. 

Dove'like (duv'llk), a. Resembling a dove. 

Dove'tail, n. A joint used by carpenters, shaped 
in the form of a dove's tail. 

Dove'tail, v. a. To join by means of dovetail. 

Dove'tailed (duv'tald), a. Joined by dovetail. 

D5w'a-ble, a. Capable of being dowered. 

Dovv'a-(^er, n. A widow with a jointure. 

DovVdv, n. An awkward, ill-dressed woman. 

D'dvV'DY, a. Awkward ; ill-dressed. 

Dow'EL, V. a. To fasten with pins, as timber. 

Dow'el, n, A pin for fastening timber. 

Dow^R, j A wife or widow's portion. 

Dow'ER-Y, S 

Dow'ERED (dbu'erd), a. Portioned. 

Do \v'E R-LESS, a. Wanting a fortune ; unportloned. 

Dow'las, n. A coarse kind of linen for shirts. 

DovVn, n. Soft feathers, hair, wool, or fibres: — 

a large open plain : — a sand-bank. 
DovXt*, prej). Along a descent. — ad. On the 

ground : to a lower place or state. — a. Dejected. 
DovVn'cAst, a. Bent down ; dejected. 
Do\Vn'f,\ll, n. Ruin; calamity: — a sudden fall. 
Do\Vn'fall-en (dbwn'fil-ln), a. Ruined; fallen. 
DowN'tliLL, n. Declivity; descent. 
Dowtj'hIll, a. Declivous ; descending. 
DovVn'ly-ing, n. Act of lying down : — bed-time. 
DovVn'right (dbun'rlt), a. Plain ; open ; direct. 
Do\V.n'right (dbun'rit), a(i. Plainly; truly. 
DiiwN'siT-TiNG, n. Act of sitting down ; repose. 
DovVn'tkod, ) p. a. Trodden under foot; 

DoV^'N'TRou-DEN, I trampled upon. 

Do^n'ward, a. Tending down ; dejected. 

Down'ward, )ad. Towards the centre ; from a 

DovvN'WARD^, \ higher situation to a lower. 

Down'y, a. Covered with down ; soft ; tender. 

Dow'ry, n. Same as dower. See Dower. 

Dowse, n. A slap on the face. — v. a. To strike. 

Dox-o-LO^^'i-CAL. a. Pertaining to doxology. 

Mox.-oi.'o-qY, n. A form jf giving praise to God^ 
in divine service, at the ;lose of a hymn, &;c. 

Dox'Y, n. A concubine , a prostitute. 

Doze, v. n. To slumber ; to sleep lightly. 

Doze, n. A slight sleep ; slumber. 

Doz'en (duz'zn), n. The number twelve. 

Doz'en (duz'zn), a. Twelve ; twice six. 

Do'zi-ness, n. Drowsiness; sleepiness. 

Do'ZY, a. Sleepy; drowsy; sluggish. 

Drab, a. Of a dun or dull-brown color. 

DrXb, n. A strumpet ; a slut : — a dun cloth. 

Dr.Xb'ble, v. a. & M. To trail on wet ground, 

DbXchM (dram), n. [drachma, L.] A Grecian sil- 
ver coin : — the eighth part of an ounce troy : — ' 
the 16th part of an ounce avoirdupois, .^ee Dram. 

DRAfSH' MA, n. A Grecian coin. See Drachm. 

DRA'cd,n. [L.] The dragon ; a constellation. 

Draff, n. Refuse ; lees ; dregs ; sweepings. 

DbAff'y, a. Worthless ; dreggy. 

Draft, B. A bill: — a drawing: — a portion of 
men drawn from an army : — an order for money ; 
a bill of exchange. See Draught. 

Draft, v a. To draw out ; to draw ; to detach. 

Drag, v. a. To pull along by force ; to draw. 

Dr.Xg, v. n. To trail or grate upon the ground. 

Drag, n. A net: — a hook: — a kind of car or 
sledge drawn on the ground. 

Drag'gle, v. a. To make dirty by dragging. 

DrXg'gle, v. n. To grow dirty by being drawn. 

Drag'man, n. A fisherman who uses a dragnet. 

Drag'nj^t, n. A net to be drawn along the bot- 
tom of a river or lake, to take fish. 

DrXg'p-mAn, n. ; pi. drXg'p-man§. An inter- 
preter in Turkey and other Eastern countries. 

DrXg'qn, n. A winged serpent : — a constellation. 

DrIg'p-net, n. A little dragon. 

DrSg'qn-Fly, n. A fierce, stinging fly. 

DRAG'pN-isH, a. Having the form of a dragon. 

DrXg'on-like, a. Like a dragon ; furious ; fiery. 

DRiG'ON's-BLOOD (drag'unz-blud), n. A resin. 

Dra-g66n'', n. A soldier who serves either on foot 
or on horseback : — a sort of pigeon. 

Dra-g66n', v. a. To compel to submit ; to reduce. 

DrXg-oon-ade', n. A ravaging by soldiers. 

Drain, v. a. To draw off" gradually ; to make dry. 

Drain, n. A channel for water ; a watercourse j 
a sewer ; a sink. 

Drain'a-ble, a. Capable of being drained. 

Drain'a^e, n The act or art of draining. 

Drake, n. The male of the duck. 

DrXm, n. The eighth part of an ounce troy, or the 
sixteenth part of an ounce avoirdupois ; drachm : — 
a glass of spirituous liquor. 

Dra'MA or DrXm'a [dra'ma, S. F. ; dra'ma, P Ja. 
K. ; dra'm? or dram'a, W. C. ; driim'a, E. Sm.], 
n. A poem accommodated to action, chiefly either 
tragedy or comedy ; a play .- — theatrical represen- 
tation ; dramatic literature. 

Dra-mXt'ic, j a. Relating to or having thg 

Dra-mXt'i-cal, \ form of a drama. 

Dra-mXt'}-cal-ly, ad. By representation. 

Dr&m'a-tls per-so'n<c, [L.] Characters or pers«ni 
represented in a drama. 

DrXm'a-tI'st, n. A writer of plays or dramas. 

DrXm'a-tize, v. a. To represent in a drama. 

DrXm' A-TiJR-^y, n. Art of dramatic jxietry. 

DrXnk, i. Vmm Drink. 

Drape, v. n. To make cloth ; to cover with cloth. 

Dra'per, 71. One who sells or deals in cloth. 

Dra'per-Y, n. Cloth-work : — dress of a picture. 

DrXs'tic, a. Powerful ; efficacious ; vigorous. 

Draught (drftft), n. Act of drinking ; a quantity 
of liquor drunk at once: — act of drawing ; quan- 
tity drawn : — delineation ; sketch : — a jakes ; a 

M1EN,sTB; move, nor, S$N; bOlL,BUK, ROLE. — 9,9, g, Sfl/t; ;e, e.g, |, Anrd; 50SZ; y^asgz: Tllia, 




sink : — depth of water : — an order. — In some 

senses written draft. See Draft. 
Draught (drSft), a. Used in drawing. 
Draught (driift), v. a. To draw out. See Draft. 
Deaught'-Horse, 11. A horse for drawing. 
Draughts (drafts), n. pi. A kind of game. 
DrSughts'man (drSfts'mjin), n. One who draws 

writings, pictures, plans, or maps. 

Draw, v. a. [i. drew ; pp. DRAWING, DRAWN.] To 

pull along; to attract; to allure; to win: — to 
unsheathe ; to extract : — to derive .- — to delineate. 

DrAw, v. 11. To pull : — to practise drawing. 

DrAw, 11. Act of drawing : — any thing drawn, as 
a lot : — a part of a bridge to be lifted up. 

Draw'a-ble, a. Capable of being drawn. 

Draw'back, n. Money paid back or remitted. 

DRAW'BRi'DljE, 11. A bridge made to be lifted up. 

Draw-ee', 11. One on whom a bill is drawn. 

Draw'er, n. One who draws : — a sliding box. 

DrAw'er§, lupl. An under-garment for tiie lower 

Draw'ing, n. Delineation ; representation. 

Drawing-Room, n. A room for company. 

DrAwl, v. n. &, a. To speak or utter slowly and 

DrAwl, 11. A protracted utterance. 

DrAwn, p. From Draw. 

DrAw'well, ?i. A deep well of water. 

Dray, ) n. A low cart or carriage on 

Dray'-Cart, ( wheels. 

Dray'-Horse, n. A horse which draws a dray. 

Dray'man, 11. A man who drives a dray or cart. 

Drijad (dred), iu Great fear ; terror ; awe. 

Dread (dred), a. Terrible ; awful ; venerable. 

Dread (dred), v. a. To fear ; to be afraid of. 

Dread'ful (dred'ful), a. Terrible ; awful ; dire- 
ful ; frightful ; tremendous ; fearful. 

Dread'fOl-ly (dred'ful-le), ad. Terribly. 

Dread'ful-NESS (dred'fui-nes), n. Terribleness. 

Dread'less (dred'les), a. Fearless ; intrepid. 

Dread'naught (dred'nawt), n. A thick cloth. 

Dream, n. Thoughts in sleep ; idle fancy ; reverie. 
Syn. — Dreams are commonly exercises of the 
mind in sleep ; reveries or idle fancies, in wakeful 

Dream, v. n. [i. dreamed, dreamt ; pp. dreaming, 
DREAMED or DREAMT.] To have ideas in sleep : — 
to imagine ; to idle. 

Dream (drSm), v. a. To see in a dream ; to fancy. 

Dream'er, 11. One who dreams ; an idler. 

Dream'ing-ly, ad. Sluggishly ; negligently. 

Dream'less, a. Free from dreams. 

Dream' Y, a. Relating to dreams ; full of dreams. 

Drear, a. Mournful ; dismal ; gloomy ; dreary. 

Drear' i-LY, arf. Gloomily; dismally. 

Drear'i-ness, ?!. Dismalness ; gloominess. 

Drear'y, a. Gloomy ; dismal; horrid ; mournful. 

Dred(^e, n. A net or drag for taking oysters : — 
a machine for clearing canals and rivers : — a 
mixture of grain. 

Dredqje, v. a. To scatter flour on: — to take or 
gather : — to scoop up from the bottom of a river,&c. 

Dredc^'er, n. One who uses a dredge : — a box. 

Dredg'ing-Box, 7?. A box for dredging meat. 

Dreg'gy, a. Containing dregs ; feculent. 

\)REG§, 11. pi. Sediment of liquors ; lees; refuse. 
Syn. — Dreo-s or lees of wine ; sediment of wa- 
ter ; refuse of timber or of tlie people. 

Drench, v. a. To wet thoroughly ; to wash ; to 
soak ; to steep : — to physic. 

Drench, n. A draught: — physic for a brute. 

Dress, ■«. a. [i. dressep or drest ; pp. dressing, 
DRESSED or drest.] To clotho ; to adorn ; to 
deck : — to cook : — to cover, as a wound. 

Dress, v. n. To range in a line : — to put on dress. 

Dress, n. Clothes ; garments ; vesture ; apparel. 

Dress'er, 11. One who dresses : — a kitchen table. 

Dress'ing, n. Act of one who dresses : — applica- 
tion to a wound : — manure for land : — attire. 

DriSss'ing-Room, n. A room to dress in. 

DrEss'y, a. Showy in dress ; attentive to dress. 

Drib, n. A drop ; a driblet. [iJ.] 
Drib'ble, v. n. To fall in drops ; to slaver. 
Drib'let, n. A small quantity ; a small sum. 
Dri'er, 11. He or that which dries or absorbs. 
Drift, n. Any thing driven at random : — force ; 

scope ; design ; tendency -. — a heap ; a body ti 

snow. — ( Oeol.) A diluvial formation. 
Drift, v. a. To drive ; to throw togetlier on heaps. 
Drift, v. n. To form into heaps, as snow. 
Drift'wood (-wud), n. Wood floating on water. 
Drill, v. a. To pierce with a drill ; to bore : — to 

exercise troops ; to train : — to sow in rows. 
Drill, v. n. To flow gently ; to muster. 
Drill, n. An instrument for boring holes: — a 

small brook : — military exercise : — a row of grain 

or any thing sowed : — a channel : — an ape. 
DrIll'-Box, n. A box for holding and sowing 

Drill'ing, ra. Act of using a drill: — military 

exercise : — a kind of cotton or linen cloth. 
Drill'-PloOgh (dril'plbii), n. A plough which 

ploughs the earth and sows grain in rows. 
Drink, v. n. [i. drank ; pp. DRINKING, DRUNK.] To 

swallow liq\iors ; to quench thirst; to imbibe ; to 

drink to excess. 
Drink, v. a. To swallow ; to suck up ; to absorb. 
Drink, n. Liquor to be swallowed ; beverage. 
DRlNK'A-BLE,a. Capable of being drunk ; potable. 
Drink'er, n. One who drinks ; a drunkard. 
Drink'ing, n. Act of swallowing liquid. 
Drip, v. n. To fall in drops. — v. a. To let fall. 
DrIp, 11. That which falls in drops : — the edge of 

a roof; a projecting cornice. 
Drip'ping, n. Fat gathered from roast meat ; drip. 
Drip'ping-Pan, n. A pan in which drippings are 

caught, as of roast meat. 

Drive, v. a. [i. drove ; pp. DRIVING, DRIVEN.] To 

force along ; to urge ; to compel ; to send ; to 

chase ; to hunt : — to guide. 
Drive, v. n. To rush hastily ; to tend ; to aim. 
Drive, n. A course for, or passage in, a carriage. 
Driv'el (driv'vl), v. n. To slaver ; to dote. 
Driv'el, n. Slaver; moisture from the mouth. 
Driv'el-ler (driv'vl-er), n. A fool ; an idiol. 
DrXv'en (driv'vn),p. Fxom Drive. 
Driv'er, n. One who drives ; a charioteer. 
Driz'zle, v. a. To shed in small, slow drops. 
DrIz'zle, v. n. To fall in small, slow drops. 
Driz'zle, n. A small rain ; mizzle ; mist. 
Driz'zly, a. Shedding small rain ; drizzling. 
Droit, n. [Fr.] (Law.) A writ of right. 
Droll, a. Comical ; odd ; strange ; queer. 
Droll, n. A jester ; a buffoon : — a farce. 
Droll, ■«. n. To jest ; to play the buflhon. 
Droll'ER-y, M. Idle jokes ; buffoonery; a show 
Dr6m'e-da-ry, n. A sort of cauiel with one hump. 
Drone, n. The male bee which makes no honey : 

^a sluggard ; an idler : — a humming sound. 
Drone, v. n. To live in idleness ; to dream. 
Dron'ish, a. Idle: indolent; sluggish. 
Droop, v. n. To languish ; to faint ; to pine away. 
Drop, n. A globule of liquid : — an earring : — tiie 

platform of a gallows, which drops down. 
Drop, v. a. [i. dropped or dropt ; pp. dropping, 

DROPPED or dropt.] To pour in drops ; to let 

fall ; to quit. 
Drop, v. n. To fall in drops ; to fall ; to die. 
Drop'let, ■". A little drop: — a small earring. 
Drop'ping, II. That which falls in drops : — a fall. 
Drops, ?j.pZ. Liquid medicine measured by dropping. 
Dr6p'-se-rene, 7j. (Med.) Gutta-serena ; amau- 
Dr6p's|-cal, a. Diseased with a dropsy. 
Drop'sied (drop'sid), a. Diseased with a dropsy. 
Drop'sy, 11. (Med.) A disease from a nnirbid 

collection of water or serous fluid in the body. 
Dros'ky, n. A Russian four-wheeled pleasuro- 

carriage ; — corrupted from droitischka. 
Dross (21), n. The scum of metals ; rust : — refusa 
Dros'si-nEss, n. Foulness ; feculence ; rust. 
Dros'sy, o. Full of dross ; worthless ; fcul. 

A, E, I, o, u, y, long ; A, e, T, o, D, ?, short ; A, E, I, p, V, Y, obscure. — fAre, far. fast, all ; HfilR, HER; 




Drought (drout), n. Dry weather ; want of rain. 

Drough't;-n£ss rdrou'te-nes), n. Want of rain. 

DroO&h'ty (drbu'te), a. Wanting rain ; dry. 

Drove, n. A number of cattle driven : — a crowd. 

Drove, i. From Drive. 

Dro'ver, 7?, One wlio drives cattle to market. 

Drovvn, v. a. To suffocate in water; to over- 
whelm ; to overflow ; to deluge ; to immerse. 

Drovvn. v. n. To be suffocated in water. 

Drovvn'er, n. He or that which drowns. 

Drow^eJ v. a. To make heav'y with sleep. 

Drowse, D. ?i. To slumber ; to grow heavy. . 

Drow'^^i-ly, ad. In a drowsy manner ; sleepily. 

DROvV'si-NJJSS, n. Sleepiness ; sluggishness. 

DroVv'^v, a. Sleepy ; heavy ; lethargic ; dull. 

DRiJB, V. a. To thresh ; to beat ; to bang. 

Drub, n. A thump ; a knock ; a blow. 

DrDb'bing, ?!. A beating ; a thumping. 

DRtJDCjtE, V. n. To work hard ; to slave. 

DRijDc^tE, n. One who works hard ; a slave ; servant. 

DRiJDqt'ER-Y, n. iVlean labor; hard, servile work. 

Drug, n. An ingredient used in medicine ; medi- 
cine : — any thing without worth or value. 

Drug, v. a. To season with drugs ; to tincture. 

DRiJG'£;ER-MAN, n. See Dragoman. 

Drug'set, n. A slight kind of woollen stuff. 

DRUG'fiTsT, n. One who manufactures and sells 
medicines ; a dealer in drugs. 

DriJ'id, n. A priest of the ancient Britons, &c. 

DrO-id'i-cal, a. Pertaining to the Druids. 

DRU'iD-i§?rfi, Tu The doctrines of the Druids. 

Drijm, n. An instrument of military music : — the 
tympanum of the ear : — a cylinder. 

Drum, v. n. To beat a drum ; to beat. 

DrOm, v. a. To expel with the beat of a drum. 

Drum-i\1 a'jor, n. Chief drummer of a regiment. 

Drum'mer, k. One who beats a drum. 

DRiJivi'-STicK, n A stick for beating a drum. 

Drunk, a. Intoxicated with liquor; inebriated. 

Drijnk, p. From Drink. 

Drunk' ARD, n. One addicted to drunkenness ; sot. 

DrCjnk'en (drung'kn), a. Intoxicated ; drunk. 

DRUNK'EN-Ni2Ss"(drung'kn-nes), n. Ebriety. 

Drupe, n. A one-celled fruit, as a peach or plum. 

Dry, a. Arid ; not wet; not rainy: — not juicy: 

— not giving milk: — thirsty: — barren; plain: 

— cold ; indifferent : — sly : — severe ; sarcastic. 
Dry, v. a. To free from moisture : — to drain. 
Dry, v. 11. To grow dry ; to lose moisture. 
Drv'ad, n. [dnjas, L.] {Myth.) A wood-nymph. 
Drv'Ly, ad. In a dry manner ; frigidly ; coldly 
Drv'ness, 72. Want of moisture ; aridity. 
Drv'-Nurse, n. A woman who brings up and 

feeds a child by hand, without the breast. 

Dry'-Rot, n. A disease in timber ; sap-rot. 

Dry'-rRb, k. a. To rub clean without wetting. 

Dry'salt-er, n. A dealer in dyestuffs and chem- 
ical salts used by dyers and manufacturers. 

Drv'-shod, a. Having dry feet. 

Du'AL, a. Expressing the number two. 

Du'AL-i§M, n. The doctrine of two gods. 

Du-AL-is'Tic, a. Relating to dualism. 

Du-Xl'i-ty, n. The state of being two. 

Du'ar-jEHY, n. A government by two rulers. 

DDb, v. a. To tap with a sword : — to make a knight 
of ; to confer knighthood on a person. 

DtJB, V. n. To make a quick or brisk noise. 

Dub, 71. A blow ; a knock. — [A puddle, Brockett.] 

DiTbi-oDs, a. Doubtful ; uncertain ; not clear. 

Du'BJ-oCJs-LY, at/. Uncertainly; doubtfully. 

Du'Bi-oys-NESs, 71. Uncertainty; doubt. 

DO'CAL, a. Pertaining to a duke or dukedom. 

DOc'at, n. A European coin struck by a duke : — 
value of the silver ducat 4s. or 5s. sterling ; the 
golden, about twice as much. 

D0c-a-t66n', 71. A Dutch silver coin: — 5s. Gd. 

DT'Ch'ess, n. The consort or lady of a duke. 

Ducn'v, n. The territory of a duke ; a dukedom. 

DfiCK, n. A water-fowl : — a kind of canvas. 

Dl'CK, v. n. To dive under water ; to cringe, 

Duck, v. a. To put under water; to immerse. 
DucK'ER, «. A diver; a cringer. 
Duck'ing, n. Act of putting under water. 
Duck'ing-Stool, 71. A stool for ducking scolds 
Duck'-legged (diik'legd), a. Short-legged. 
Duck'ling, n. A young or small duck. 
DiicT, n. A tube in the body ; a canal ; a passage 
Duc'tile, a. That may be drawn out ; easily led, 

flexible; pliable. 
Duc'TiLE-NiJss, 77. Flexibility ; ductility. 
Dyc-TiL,'l-TV,?t. Capacity of extension ; flexibility. 
Dud, 77. A rag. — PL Rags ; tatters. 
Dud'9^eon (dtid'jun), 7!. A small dagger: — sul- 

lenness ; ill-will ; anger ; resentment. 
Due (du), a. Owed: — proper; fit; exact. 
Due (du), ad. Exactly ; directly ; as, due north. 
DDE, n. That which belongs or is owed to one ; a 

debt ; right ; just title ; tribute ; toll. 
Du'EL, 77. A combat between two ; a single fight. 
Du'EL, V. n. To fight a duel or single combat. 
DO'el-ler, n. A single combatant ; a duellist. 
Du'EL-LiNG,?). The act or custom of fighting duels. 
Du'EL-LlsT, 77. One who fights a duel. 
^Du-el'lo, 77. [It.] The duel ; the rule of duelling. 
Du-i3N'NA, 7!. ,• pi. DU-EN'NA§;. [duena, Sp.] AlTI 

elderly woman who guards a younger one. 
Du-et', 71. [duetto, It.] A song for two jjertormers. 
Duf'fel, 71. A kind of frieze or coarse cloth. 
DuF'FER, 77. A hawker of smuggled goods. 
DCg, 77. A pap or teat of a beast. 
DiJG, 7. &p. From Dig. 
DiJKE, 77. One of the highest order of nobility in 

England : — a sovereign prince in Germany, &c. 
Duke' DOM, 77. Possessions or quality of a duke. 
DOl'CET, a. Sweet ; luscious ; harmonious. 
Dul-ci-fi-ca'tion, 77. The act of sweetening. 
DDL'ci-F^ > _ To sweeten. 
Dul'cq-rate, ) 

DDl'ci-mer, 77. An ancient musical instrument. 
Du'Ll-A,n. [L.] An inferior kind of worship. 
Dull, a. Not'sharp ; blunt; obtuse: — not bright 5 

dim : — doltish ; stupid : — awkward : — sad ; de- 
jected : — sluggish ; lifeless. 
Dull, v. a. To stupefy : — to blunt : — to sadden. 
Dul'lard, 77. A blockhead ; a dolt. 
DDll'-brained (diil'brand), a. Stupid ; doltish. 
Dull'head, n. A stupid person ; a blockhead. 
Dul'ly, ad. In a dull manner ; stupidly. 
Dul'ness, 77. Stupidity : — dimness: — bluntness. 
Dy-Loc'RA-CY, n. A government of slaves. 
Du'ly, ad. In due manner; properly ; fitly. 
Dumb (dum), a. Incapable of speech ; mute. 

Sy/i. — He is dumb or speechless who cannot 

speak ; he is silent who does not speak ; he is 

mute whose silence is compulsory. 
Dumb (dum), v. a. To silence. 
DDmb'-Bell§, 77. pi. Weights held in the hands, 

and swung to and fro for exercise. 
Dumb'ly (dum'le), ad. Mutely ; silently. 
Dumb'ness (duni'nes), n. Incapacity to speak. 
Dumb'-Show (dum'sho), 77. A pantomime. 
Dum'found, )v.a. To strike dumb; to con- 
Dum-foOnd'er, ) fuse. [Low.] 
DDm'MY, 77. One who is silent. [Vulgar.] 
Du-m6se', a. (Bot.) Having a compact, bushy 

DtJMP, 77. Sorrow ; melancholy ; sadness. — pU A 

fit of melancholy ; low spirits. 
DuMP'iSH, a. Sad; melancholy; dejected. 
DuMP'iSH-NESS, 77. Sadness; melancholy. 
Dump'ling, 71. A small, round pudding. 
DuMP'vi a. Short and thick : — dumpish. 
Dun, a. Of a dark color ; dark ; gloomy. 
DfiN, V. a. To press ; to ask often for a debt. 
Dun, 77. Demand for a debt : — a clamorous, impor- 
tunate creditor. 
nrjNCE,77. A tliickskull ; a dullard ; a dolt. 
Dune, 71. A hill ; a down. See Down. 
ntJN'FTsH, 71, Fish cured in a certain manner. 
DHng, 71. The excrement of animals ; manure. 
DOn'^epn (dun'jun)i «• A close, dark prison. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s5n; bOll, BUR, rCle. — <;, 9, *, so/i! ; je,jG,c- 'g,hard; f a.9z; 5f csgz: THia 




DCng'fork, n. A fork for moving dung. 
DDng'hill, n. A heap or accumulation of dung. 
DDng'hill, a. Sprung from the dunghill ; mean. 
DDns'y, a. Full of dung ; mean ; worthless. 
DDng'yard, n. The place of the dunghill. 
DuN'NACjiE, n. (JVaut.) Loose wood, fagots laid 

m the Inttom of a ship's hold. 
Dun'ner, n. One employed in soliciting debts. 
Du'o, 11. [L.] A song in two parts. 
Du-p-DE^'i-MAL, a. Numbered by twelve. 
DO-o-d£c'i-mal§, n.-pl. A term applied to a kind 

of multiplication used by artificers. 
Du-P-d12(;;'!-m5, n. ; y/. D0-p-DEg'l-MO§. [L.] A 

book formed by folding sheets into 12 leaves. 
DD-p-DE^'l-MO, a. Having 12 leaves to a sheet. 
DQ-p-DEc'y-PLE, a. Consisting of twelves. 
L>u-o-DE'NUM,n. [L.] {Anat.) The first of the 

small intestines, connected with the stomach. 
Dupe, n. A person imposed on ; a simplet-on. 
Dupe, t). a. To trick ; to cheat ; to deceive. 
DO'PLE, a. Double ; one repeated. [R.] 
Du'PLl-CATE, V. a. To double ; to fold. [jR.] 
DO'plI-cate, a. Double ; twofold. 
Du'PLi-CATE, n. A second thingof the same kind ; 

an exact copy ; a transcript. 
Du-PLl-cA'TipN, 71. Act of doubling ; a fold. 
3u'PLi-CA-TURE, n. A fold ; any thing doubled. 
Dy-PL'l^'l-Ty, n. Deceit; deception; doubleness. 
DO-RA-Bi'L'l-TY, n. Power of lasting ; permanence. 
Du'ra-ble, a. Lasting; havmg long existence. 
DO'ra-ble-ness, n. Power of lasting; continu- 
Du'ra-bly, arf. In a lasting manner. [ance. 

Du'RA-Ma' TER,n. [L.j {Anat.) A membrane 

covering the brain. 
fDu'RANCE, n. Imprisonment ; endurance. 
Du'rant, n. A glazed woollen stuff or cloth. 
Lhi^an'te vl'tq. [L.] (Law.) During life. 
Du-ra'tion, n. Continuance; length of time. 
jDO'Rfiss [du'ress, S. fV. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; 

du-res', fVb. Maunder], n. Constraint. — (^Law.) 

Unlawful imprisonment or constraint. 
Dur'ing, prep. For the time of the continuance of. 
DiJRST, i. From Dare. 

DtiSK, a. Tending to darkness ; dark ; dusky. 
DDsK, n. Tendency to darkness ; dark color. 
DOsK'i-LY, ad. With a tendency to darkness. 
DusK'i-NESS, n. Incipient obscurity. 
DijSK'iSH, a. Inclined to darkness or blackness. 
DCsK'lSH-NESS,n. Approach to darkness. 
DusK'y, a. Somewhat dark ; gloomy; sad; dusk. 
DOsT, n. Earth reduced to powder ; earth. 
Dust, v. a. To free from dust : — to sprinkle with 

dust ; to levigate : — to separate by a sieve. 
DOst'er, n. He or that which frees from dust. 
DlJST'l-NESS, n. State of being dusty. 
Dust'man, n. One who carries away dust. 
DusT'v, a. Filled or covered with dust 
Dutch, v. a. To clarify and harden, as quills. 
Dutch, n. The language of Holland or of the 

Dutch. — PI. The people of Holland. 
DuTCH'ESS, DltTCH'Y. See Duchess and Duchy. 
Du'TE-Pus [du'te-us, W. P. J. Ja. Sin. ; du'tyus, 

S. E. F. K.], a. Obedient ; obsequious ; dutiful. 
Du'TI-a-BLE, a. Subject to impost or duty. 
DC'ti-fOl, a. Submissive to superiors; very re- 

■Dectful ; obedient ; reverent. 

Du'Ti-Ff^L-LY, ad. Obediently; submissively. 

Du'Ti-FUL-Ni£ss, n. Obedience'; respect. 

Du'ty, n. Whatever one is bound to perform — 
obligation : — obedience ; service : — tax : custom : 

Syn. — Duty is an obligation imposed from with- 
in ; obligation is a duty imposed from without , 
duties of parents, children ; obligation to fulfil a 
promise. Duties or customs on goods imported ; 
taics on property ; toll for passing a bridge. 

Du-UM'viR,n. j pi. du-um'yi-rT. [L.] Two 
Roman magistrates, wlio held office jomtly. 

Du-um'vi-rate, n. A government exercised by 
two rulers. 

Dwarf, n. A man much below the usual size. 

Dwarf, a. Very small ; stunted ; dwarfish. 

Dwarf, v. a. To hinder from full growth. 

Dwarf'ish, a. Below the natural size ; small. 

Dwarf'ish-nj3SS, n. Littleness of stature. 

Dwell, v. n. \i. dwelt; pp. dwelling, dwelt.] 
To remain; to inhabit; to live in a place; to 
abide -. — to continue long speaking. 

DwELL'ER, n. An inhabitant. 

Dwell'ing, n. A habitation ; a place of resi- 
dence ; residence ; abode ; mansion. [lives. 

Dwell'ing-House, n. A house in which one 

Dwell'ing-Place, n. A place of residence. 

DwTn'dle, v. n. To shrink ; to grow little. 

Dwi'n'dle, v. a. To make less ; to sink ; to lower. 

Dye, v. a. To tinge ; to color ; to stain. 

Dye, n. Coloring matter derived from vegetable 
substances ; color ; tinge ; stain. 

Dye, v. & n. See Die. 

Dye'ing, n. Act of staining or coloring cloth, &c. 

Dy'er, n. One who dies cloth, &c. 

Dye'stuff, n. Materials for dyeing. 

Dy'jng, p. From J>(e. Expiring. 

Dyke, 71. A mound of earth, &c. See Dike. 

Dy-nXm'e-ter, n. An instrument for ascertain- 
ing the magnifying power of telescopes. 

dI-'nXm'i-'^^al, \ - J^-^l^f^g «° dynamics. 

Dy-nXm'Jcs, n. pi. The science of moving powers. 

Dyn-a-m6m'e-ter, n. An instrument for meas- 
uring the strength of men and animals. 

Dy'nas-ty or Dyn'AS-ty [di'njs-te, S. P. E. K. 
Wb. ; din'as-te, J. Ja. Sm. R. ; din'as-te or di'- 
n^s-ce, JV. F.], n. A race or family of sovereigns 
in succession : — government ; sovereignty. 

Dy-nom'e-ter, n. Dynamometer. 

Dys'cra-sy, n. (Med.) A bad habit of body. 

Dv'S-en-ter'ic, a. Relating to dysentery. 

DYS'EN-Ti3R-Y, 7i. {Med.) A painful disease, at- 
tended by mucous or bloody evacuations. 

Dvs-PEP'si-A,n. [L.] {Med.) Dyspepsy. 

Dfs'PEP-SY or Dys-pep'sy [dis'pep-se, S. TV. E. 
F. Ja. K. R. ; djs-pep'se, Sm. Wb. Johnson, Ash], 
n. {Med.) A difficulty of digestion ; indigestion. 

Dys-PiiP'Tic, j a. Relating to dyspepsy ; hav- 

Dys-PitP'Ti-cAL, \ ing bad digestion. 

Dys-Piip'Tic, n. One afflicted with dyspepsy. 

D Js'PHp-Ny, n. A difficulty in speaking. 

Dysp-nce'A, n. A difficulty of breathing. 

DYS'u-Ry [dizh'u-re, W. J. F. Ja. ; dis'u-re, S. P. 
E. K. Sm. R.], n, '{Med.) A difficulty in voiding 


Ethe second and most frequent vowel in the 
) English language, has two principal sounds ; 
long in 7nete, short in met. 
EACH (Sch), a. & pron. Either of two; every 

one of any number. 
Ea'ser (e'ger), a. Keenly desirous; vehement; 

ardent; impetuous; quick; sharp; keen. 
EA'£iER-LY (5'|er-le), ad. Ardently ; keenly. 

ea'jGER-nEss (e'|er-nes), n. Strong desire : ar- 
dor ; earnestness ; keenness ; avidity. 

EA'gle (e'gl), n. A bird of prey: — a military 
standard : — a gold coin of the United States, of 
tlie valueof ten dollars. 

ea'gle-eved (e'gl-ld), a. Very sharp-sighted. 

ea'glet (C'glet), 71. A young eagle. 

ea'gre (e'ger), n. A tide swelling above another. 

^■E,\,6,v,Y,long; X, E,I, o, i),1?,s/tort; A, E,i, o, V, Y, oJjcure.— fAre,FAR,fAst, ALL; h£ir,her; 




£an (en), V. n. To bring forth young, as sheep. 
EAR fSr), n. The organ of hearing: — sense of 

hearing : — attention : — power of judging of har- 
_ mony ; — a spike of corn or maize. 
EAR (6r), V. n. To shout into ears, as corn. 
ear' ACHE, 7U Pain in the ear. 
EARED (5rd), a. Having ears. 
earl (erl), n. A title of English nobility. 
ear'lap (er'lap), /(. The tip of the ear. 
EARL'dom (erl'duin), n. The seigniory of an earl. 
EAR'less (er'les), a. Destitute of ears. 
EAR'LI-Niiss (er'le-nes), n. State of being early. 
EARL'-Mar-shal, Ti. An officer in England, who 

has the chief care of military solemnities. 
EAR'-Lock, ?(. A curl or twist of hair. 
EAR'LVf (er'le), a. Being in season : seasonable. 
EAR'l.y, ad. In good season ; betimes. 
EAR'-Mark (er'mirk), n. A mark on the ear. 
EARN (ern). v. a. To gain by labor ; to obtain. 
EAr'njest (er'nest), a. Ardent; warm; hearty; 

cordial ; zealous ; eager. 
EAR'nest (er'nest), 7^ Seriousness ; not jest : — 

a pledge : — first fruits. — (Law.) Money advanced 

in a bargain, called earnest-money. 
EAR'nest-ly (er'nest-le), ad. Warmly ; eagerly. 
EAR'nest-ness (er'nest-nes),K. Eagerness. 
EARn'ing (ern'ing), 7^. That which is earned. 
ear'-Pick, n. An instrument for cleaning the ears. 
EAR'rIng (er'ring), n. An ornament for the ear. 
EARTH (erth), n. Tho terraqueous globe ; the 

world: — terrene matter ; soil. — (Chem.) A me- 
tallic oxide, dry, tasteless, and inodorous. 
EARTH (erth), V. a. To hide in earth ; to bury. 
EARTH (erth), V. n. To retire under ground. 
EARTH'BOARD, n. The board of a plough. 
EARJTH'BORN (erth'bom), a. Born of the earth. 
EARTh'en (er'thn), a. Made of earth or clay. 
EARTh'EN-WAre, n. Ware made of clay. 
earth' i-NJSss, n. State of being earthy. 
EARTh'li-ness (erth'Ie-nes), n. Worldliness. 
EARTh'ling (erth'Iing), n. An inhabitant of earth. 
EARTH'ly (erth'le), a. Belonging to earth: — 

worldly ; not heavenly : — carnal ; sensual : — 

sordid ; low ; vile. 
feARTu'-NuT (erth'niit), n. A pig-nut ; a root. 
EARTll'QUAKE, n. A tremor, violent agitation, or 

convulsion of the earth. 
earth' WORM (erth'wiirm), 78. A worm that lives 

under ground : — a sordid person. 
EARTh'y (erth'e), a. Consisting of earth ; terrene. 
EAR'-Wax (er'waks), n. Cerumen of the ear. 
EAR' WIG (Gr'wig), n. An insect : — a whisperer. 
EA^e (ez), n. Freedom from pain or anxiety ; quiet ; 

rest after labor : — easiness ; facility. 
£a§e (6z), 7). a. To free from pain, anxiety, or 

labor ; to alleviate ; to assuage ; to relieve ; to 

fEA^E'FUt, (ez'ful), a. Quiet ; peaceful. Shak. 
EA§'el (5'zl), 71. The frame on which a painter's 

canvas or picture rests. 
EASe'Ment (ez'ment), 71. Ease; support; relief. 
EA'§!-L Y (e'ze-le), ad. Witliout difficulty ; readily. 
EA'§i-ness (e'ze-nes), n. Readiness ; ease ; rest. 
6ast (est), n. The quarter where the sun rises. 
EAST, a. Being from or towards the rising sun. 
EAST'er (est'er), 71. The day on which the resur- 
rection of Christ is commemorated, being the first 

Sunday after the full moon which happens upon, 

or next after, the 21st of March. 
EAST'er-ly (<ist'er-le),a. Scad. Towards the east. 
EAST'ERN (Gst'ern), a. Being in the east ; oriental. 
EAST'WARD (Gst'ward), ad. Towards the east. 
EA'§y (e'ze), a. Being at ease; free from pain; 

quiet : — not difficult ; complying. 
EAT (Et), V. a. [i. ate or eat; pp. eatino, 
_ EATEN.] To devour ; to consume : — to corrode. 
EAT (iit), V. 71. To feed ; to take food. 
EAT'a-ble (Gt'?-bl), a. Capable of being eaten. 
EAT'A-Br.E, 11. Any thing that may be eaten. 
EAT'en (C'tn),p. From 
EAT'eb (et'er), 7J. One who eats : — a corrosive. 

E A VE§, 71. pi. The edges of the roof of a house. 

eave§'dr6p-per, 7!. A listener under windowa 

EBB, 71. The reflux of the tide : — waste. 

EBB, u, 77. To flow back towards the sea: — to 
decay ; to decline. 

EBB'-TiDE, 71. The reflux of the tide. 

eb'on, a. Alade of ebony ; dark; black. 

EB'pN-iZE, V. a. To make black or like ebony. 

EB'p-NY, 77. A hard, black, valuable wood. 

E-brI'e-ty, n. Drunkenness ; inebriety. 

EBitiLZADE (e-hriVy^d), n. [Fr.] A check of 
the bridle, by a jerk, for turning a horse. 

e-bri-6s'i-ty, 7(. Drunkenness ; ebriety. [R.] 

?-bDLjl'Ien-cv (e-bal'yen-se), 7i. A boilmg over. 

j-BULL'lENT (e-bul'yent), a. Boiling over. 

eb-ul-li"tion (eb-ul-lish'un), 71. Act of boiling 
with heat ; intestine motion. 

^-bOr'ne-an, a. Relating to or made of ivory. 

Ec'ce kohno, [L.] Behold the man : — a painting 
representing Christ as given up to the people. 

Jpc-CEN'TRIC, ) a. Deviating from the centre: — 

Jpc-CEN'TRi-CAL, j irregular ; anomalous ; odd. 

EC-CEN-TRi(;;'l-TY (ek-sen-tris'e-te), n. State of 
being eccentric ; particularity ; irregularity. 

Ec'ce sighmm, [L.] Behold the sign or badge. 

EC-i:HY-iyiO'Sls, 77. (Med.) A livid spot on the skin. 

*i!:c-CLE-5l-AS'T£§, ». A book of Holy Scripture. 

*£c-CL.E-si-AS'Tlc [ek-kle-ze-as'tik, S. J. E. C. ; 
ek-kle-zhe-as'tik, fV. F. Ja. ; ek-kle-ze-is'tik, 
P. K. ; ek-kle-ze-as'tik, Sm. R.], n. A clergyman 
connected with an episcopacy ; a priest. 

*EC-CLE-§i-AS'Tlc, ) a. Relating to the church; 

*EC-CLE-f i-AS'T}-CAL, | not civil or secular. 

EC-CLE-§!-AS'Ti-ci^M, n. Adherence to the au- 
thority of the church ; church authority. 

*EC-CLE-§!-Xs'Ti-ciJS, n. A book of the Apoc- 
rypha, [ology. 

Ec-CLE-^l-p-Loqt'l-CAL, a. Relating to eccles"i- 

Ec-CLE-§i-6L'o-9^isT, iu One versed in eccle- 

Ec-CLE-^i-oii'p-^Y, 71. A treatise on the church 
or church edifices. 

BpH'E-zuN' (esh'e-long'), ti. [Fr.] (Mil.) A 
movement of an army in the form of steps. 

*e£;h'i-?jate or E-chi'nate [ek'e-nat, J. K. R. ; 
eki'njt, Sm. C], a. Bristled ; pointed. 

*E.eH'i-NAT-ED or E-jEHi'nat-ed, a. Bristled. 

E-0Hi'Nus (e-kl'nus), n. [L.] The sea-urchin ; 
a crab-fish. — (Boi.) A prickly head of a plant. 

EeH'o, 77. ; pi. ejEH'oe^. The return or reverber- 
ation of a sound ; the sound returned. 

ech'o, v. V, To resound ; to be sounded back. 

fien'o (ek'o), V, a. To send back a voice. 

JE-jchom'e-ter, 71. (Mas.) A kind of scale, serv- 
ing to measure the duration of sounds. 

EcLAilicisSEMENT(e-kli.T'sis-ining' or e-klAr'- 
siz-ment) [ek-klar'siz-ment, ff^. Ja. ; ek-kler'siz- 
nient, S.; ek-kl4r'sis-mon, P. ; ek-klar'siz-niong, 
J. Sin. ; e-klar'siz-jriang, i^.], 77. [Fr.] Explana- 
tion ; act ot clearing up an affair. 

$-clat' (e-kla' or e-klaw') [e-kli', P.J.Ja.Sm. 
JVb.; e-kliw', S. iv. E. F. it. C], n. [Fr.] A 
striking effect ; splendor ; show ; lustre. 

5c-lec'tic, a. Selecting; choosing. 

5c-lec'tic, n. One of a class of ancient philoso- 
phers, who professed to choose what was good 
from all sects. 

E)c-LEc'Ti-cisM, 77. The doctrine of the Eclectic^. 

|;-clipse' (e-klTps'), 77. The obscuration of the 
light of a heavenly body : — darkness. 

5-cl,ipse', v. a. To darken, as a luminary. 

5-cLiP'Tic, 71. The imaginary great circlo of the 
sphere, which is the apparent path of the sun. 

P-CLiP'TIC, a. Relating to tho ecliptic. 

Ec'logue (ek'log), n. A pastoral poem. 

*iic-p-iv6ivi'ic, a. Same as economical. 

*£c-Q-n6ivi'i-cal or E-Cp-NOM'l-CAL [ek 0-nom'- 
c-k?l, W. J. F. .Ja. Sm. C. ; e-ko-n5m'e-kril, S. £. 
R."], a. Relating to economy ; /riii.'-ai ; thriity. 

*ec-(;)-n6m'!cs, 71. ;)/. Household management. 

P-coN'p-MisT, 71. One who is thrifty or frugal. 

MIEN, SIR J MOVE, NOR, s6n; BOLL, BUR, rOle. — f , 9, |, so/t; £, fi, £,|, /larrf ; ^ as Z ; 1}. as Q7. : THIS, 
21 K * 




5-con'0-m'ize, v. a. To employ with economy. 

5-c6N'p-My,7i. Thrifty management ; frugality: — 
disposition of things ; system of rules and regula- 
tions ; system of matter. — Political economy, the 
science which treats of the wealth of nations. 

Syn. — Economy of a family, of government, or 
of the universe ; management of business ; proper 
frugality ; mean -parsimony. 

EC' PHA-slS,n, [Gr.] An explicit declaration. 

EC-PHO-NE' SfS,n. [Gr.] {Rhet.) An exclama- 

EC-PY-Ro' sis,n. [Gr.] Destruction by fire. 

EC'sTA-SY, n. Excessive joy ; rapture ; a trance. 

Ec-STAT'IC, )a. Filled with ecstasy or joy; 

5c-stat'i-cal, \ ravished ; rapturous. 

ec-ij-m£n'i-cal, a. General ; oecumenical. 

Ec'u-RIE (ek'u-re), h. [Fr.] A stable for horses. 

5-da'cious (e-di'shus), a. Eating; voracious. 

g-DX9'l-TY (e-das'e-te), n. Voracity. 

kn' DA, n. A collection of poetry, containing the 
Scandinavian mythology. 

ed'der, n. Wood on the top of fences. 

fiD'DlSH, n. A second crop of grass ; aftermath. 

Ed'dy, n. A contrary current ; a whirlpool. 

Ed'dy, a. Whirling ; moving circularly. 

fiD'DY, V. n._ To move or whirl, as in an eddy. 

E-dem'a-tose or E-DJiM'A-ToDs, a. Swelling. 

e'den, 71. [Heb.j A garden ; paradise. 

^-dEn'tal, n. {Zuiil.) One of tlie edentata, an 
order ot mammals which have no front teeth. 

|;-den'ta-loDs, a. Without teeth ; toothless. 

E-den-ta'tion, 71. A pulling out of teeth. 

EDqtE (ej), n. The sharp part or side of a blade or 
cutting instrument : — keenness : — rim ; brink. 

EDCjiE (ej), V. a. To sharpen ; to give an edge 

ED(jiE (ej), V. n. To move forward sideways. 

EDiJJED (ejd or ej'ed), p. a. Sharp ; not blunt. 

fiD^E'-TooL, 71. A tool with a sharp edge. 

Ed^e'wi^e, ad. In the direction of the edge. 

ED^-'ING, n. A border ; a fringe ; a narrow lace. 

Ed'i-ble, a. Fit to be eaten ; eatable. 

E'd'ict [e'djkt, S. fV. J. F. Ja. K. Sm. IVb. ; ed'ikt 
or e'dikt, P.], n. An ordinance or decree issued 
by a sovereign ; a proclamation. 

Ed-i-fi-ca'tion, n. Act of edifying; instruction 
in religion and morals ; improvement. 

£D'l-Fl-CA-Tp-RY, a. Tending to edification. 

fiD'i-Fi'cE (ed'e-fis),7i. A large or splendid build- 
ing ; a structure ; a fabric. 

Ed-i-fI"cial (ed-e-fish'al), a. Relating to edi- 

ed'i-fi-er, 77. One who edifies. 

£d'i-fy (ed'e-fi), v. a. To instruct in religion and 
morals ; to teach ; to improve. 

£d'j-fy-ing, p. a. Tending to edify ; instructive. 

E'dile, n. The title of a Roman magistrate. 

E'dile-ship,7!. The office of edile. 

ED'IT, V. a. To superintend, revise, or prepare 
for publication ; to conduct ; to publish. 

^-di"tion (e-dish'un), 71. Publication of a book : 
— whole impression of a book : — republication. 

ed'i-tqr, 7!. One who superintends a publication. 

ED-i-To'Ri-AL, a. Belonging to an editor. 

fiD'j-TOR-siiiP, n. The office and duty of an 

Ed'ij-cate (ed'yu-kat) [ed'u-kat, S. J. E. F. Ja.C. ; 
ed'ju-kat, fV.], v. a. To bring up, as a child ; to 
instruct ; to teach ; to nurture ; to train. 

£D-tj-CA'TipN, n. Act of educating ; instruction ; 
tuition ; a bringing up ; nurture. 

Sijn. — Education of children or youth ; nurture 
of children ; instruction of pupils ; tuition of 

ED-tJ-CA'TIQN-AL, a. Relating to education. 

Ed'ii-ca-tor, n. One who instructs youth. 

E-DUCE', V. a. To bring out ; to extract. 

E-DTjc'TioN, m. Act of educing or bringing out. 

E-dTjl'cp-RATE, v. a. To sweeten ; to purify. 

ji-DUL-cp-RA'TipN, n. The act of sweetening. 

£EK(5k), D. a. To supply. See Eke. 

EEL (51), n. A serpentine, slimy fish. 

E'EN (en), ad. Contracted from even. See Evew. 

tEF'FA-BLE, a. Expressible; utterable. 

5F-FACE', V. a. To blot out ; to erase ; to destroy 

5f-face'ment,7i. Act of effacing ; erasure. 

Ef-fect', 71. An event produced ; result ; issue: 
— meaning ; reality. — PI. Goods ; movables. 

^F-FliCT', V. a. To bring to pass ; to produce. 
Syn. — Effect a purpose ; produce a change ; 
perforin a promise. 

EF-FiicT'l-BLE, a. Performable ; practicable. 

Ef-fec'tipn, n. A construction ; a problem. 

EF-Fiic'TiVE,a. Efficient; efficacious; effectual. 
S^7i. — Causes usually having a share in pro- 
ducing a given effect are called effective ; actually 
having a share, efficient ; having a principal share, 
efficacious ; having a decisive share, effectual. — 
Effective military force ; efficient cause ; efficacious 
remedy ; effectual stop or cure. 

Ef-fec'tive-ly, ad. Powerfully; with eflfect. 

Ef-fec'tpr, n. He or that which effects. 

$F-FECT'v-AL, a. Of adequate force ; actualiy 
producing effect ; efficacious ; effective. 

EF-F]iCT'u-AL-LY, ad. In an efi!ectual manner. 

Ef-fect'u-al-ness,7i. Quality of being cfTectual. 

Ef-fect' v-ATE, 71. a. To bring to pass ; to effect. 

EF-Fi2M'i-NA-CY, 71. Softness; unmanly delicacy. 

EF-FlJM'i-NATE, a. Womanish ; soft ; voluptuous. 

Ef-fem'i-nate. v. a. To make womanish. 

Ef-fem'i-nate-LY, ad. In an effeminate manner. 

EF-FEM'i-NATE-N£ss, 71. Effeminacy. 

EP-FBN'Df (ef-fen'de), 7i. A Turkish word sig- 
nifying lord, master, or superior. 

ef-fer-v£sce' (ef-fer-ves'), v. n. To send out 
gas or elastic vapor ; to bubble ; to work. 

EF-FER-viiS'cENCE (ef-fer-ves'sens), n. Escape 
of gas or vapor from a fluid, as in ebullition. 

ef-fer-ves'cent, a. Gently boiling or bubbling. 

EF-FjgR-VEs'ci-BLE, a. Capable of effervescing. 

Ef-fete', a. Worn out with age ; barren. 

ef-fi-ca'cipus (ef-fe-ka'shus), a. Actually pro- 
ducing effects ; effectual ; efficient ; effective. 

Ef-fi-ca'cious-ly (ef-fe-ka'shus-le), ad. Effec- 

EF-Fi-CA'cioys-NESS, 71. Efficacy. 

EF'FI-CA-CY, 71. duality of being efficacious ; 
power to produce effects ; energy. 

EF-Fi"ciENCE (ef-flsh'yens), )n. Actorpower 

5f-fi"cien-cy (ef-fjsh'yen-se), S of producing 
effects; efficacy; agency. 

EF-Fi"clENT (ef-fish'yent), n. An agent ; cause. 

EF-Fi"ciENT (ef-fish'yent), a. Causing effects ; 
active ; operative ; effective. 

Ef-f"i"cient-ly (ef-fish'yent-le),orf. Effectively. 

EF'Fl-f^Y, 71. [effigies, L.] The image or likeness 
of a person ; representation ; picture. — To bum 
in effigy, to burn the image of a person. [up. 

^f-flate', v. a. To fill with the breath ; to puff 

EF-FLp-RESCE' (ef-flo-res'), "• n. To form dust 
or powder on the surface by exposure to air. 

EF-FLp-RES'CENCE, ) 71. Act of efflorescing : — 

EF-FLp-REs'cEN-CY, \ production of flowers : — 
an eruption or redness on the skin. 

EF-FLp-REs'cENT, a. Indicating efflorescence. 

ef'flu-ence, 71. A flowing out ; issue. 

EF'FLiJ-ENT, a. Flowing out ; issuing out of.. 

EF-FLU' VI-UM, n. ; pi. EF-FLU' ri-A. [L.] A 

flowing out ; vapor ; small particles which are 
continually flying off from bodies. 

ef'flijx, 71. The act of flowing out ; effusion. 

EF-FLtix'lpN (ef-fluk'shun),?i. Act of flowing out. 

Ef'fort, 71. Exertion of strength ; attemjjtj trial; 
strain ; endeavor. 

Syn. — Desperate effort ; painful struggle ; or- 
dinary endeavor ; great ezertion. 

Ef-fos'sion (ef-fosh'un), 71. Act of digging up. 

Ef-fr6n'te-rV, 71. Boldness ; impudence ; au- 

5f-fDl(JE', v. n. To send forth lustre. 

JPf-fTjl'c^jence, n. Lustre ; brightness ; splendor. 

JpF-FUL'c^ENT, a. Shining; bright; luminous. 

ilF-FujE', ?). a. To pour out ; to spill ; to shed. 

A.,i:, I, o,v,Y, long; X, E,I, 0, iJ, t, short j A,E, l,o,\j,Y, obscure. — fAre, FJVR, fAst, ALL; H£lR,HERf 




Ep-Fij'§iON (ef-fu'zhun), n. A pouring out ; waste. 

jl FO'sivE,a'. Pouring out ; dispersing; diffusive. 

£ft (eft), n. A newt ; a sort of lizard. 

t5-(jtfiST', V. a. To throw out ; to void. Bacon. 

E-9^i3S'TlON (e-jest'yun), n. Act of throwing out. 

ids (eg), ?i. The fcetus or production of the feath- 
ered tribe, and of some other animals. 

E&'LAN-TINE or eg'lan-tine [eg'lan-tin, S. J. 
E.Ja. K. Sm. C. ; eg'lan-tin, JV. F.], n. A species 
of rose; sweet-brier. 

E'Gp-i§M, K. Scepticism; doubt: — selfishness. 

e'GO-ist, n. One of a class of philosophers who 
professed to doubt every thing except their own 

*e'GO-TISM or eg'o-TI^M [e'go-tizm, S. P. J. E. 
Ja. K. 6. ; e'go-tizm or eg'o-tizni. fJ^. F. ; eg'o- 
tizra, Sm. R.], n. The frequent use of the pro- 
noun /, — in Latin, eg-o: — self-comraendation. 

*e'GO-t1st, n. One who tallcs much of himself. 

*E-GO-Tls'Tlc, ) a. Addicted to egotism ; self- 

*e-go-tis'ti-cal, ) conceited ; vain. 

*E'GO-TiZE, V. a. To talk much of one's self. 

?-GRE'(^Ioys (e-gre'jus), a. Euiinent ; remarkable. 

E-GRiJ'^lous-LV, arf- Eminently; remarkably. 

J5-gre'(^IOUS-ness, n. State of being eminent. 

e'gress, n. Act of going out ; departure. 

JE-GRiiS'sipN (e-gresh'i.m), n. Act of going out. 

e'gret, n. A fowl of the heron kind. 

E-grett', n. An ornament of ribbons. 

e'&ri-ot, n. A species of sour cherry. 

E-GVP'tian^ a. Relating to Egypt. 

Efder-Down, n. The down of the eider-duck. 

EI'der-Duck, n. A species of duck found in the 
Orkneys, Hebrides, and Shetland Islands. 

Ei'do-graph, 7!. A copying-instrument. 

EiGH (a), interj. An expression of sudden delight. 

Eight (at), a. Twice four; seven and one. 

Eigh'teen (a'ten), a. Twice nine. 

Eigh'teenth (a'tenth), a. Next in order to the 

Eight'fold (at'fold), a. Eight times the quantity. 

Eighth (atth), a. Next in order to the seventh. 

Eighth (atth), n. (Mus.) The octave or eighth 
note of the diatonic scale. 

ElGHTH'LY (atth'le), ad. In the eighth place. 

Eigh'ti-eth (a'te-eth), a. The ordinal of eighty. 

Eigh'ty (a'te), a. & n. Eight times ten. 

*ei'the'r (e'tfier, 39) [5'ther, S. IV. P. J. E. F. 
Ja. K. Sm. R. C. Wb.: 6'ther or I'ther, Kenrick. 
" Between ei'ther and ei'tker, there is little, in 
point of good usage, to choose " Smart.], pron. 
One or the other. 

*ei'ther, cotij. Or; as, ^^ either this or that." 

Jp-JAC'V-LATE, V. a. To throw out suddenly; to 
shoot ; to dart out. 

J^-jAc-u-la'tion, 71. Act of ejaculating or throw- 
ing ; a darting : — a short prayer. 

JE-jac'U-la-tq-ry, a. Darted'out ; sudden ; hasty. 

5-Ject', v. a. To tlirow out; to cast forth; to 
expel ; to discharge ; to reject. 

Jp-JEC'Tiox, n. A casting out ; expulsion. 

Jg-JECT'MENT, 7!. {Law.) A writ or action for 
recovering the possession of real property. 

5-JiSc'TpR, 71. One who ejects or expels. 

EJ-u-la'tiqn, 77. An outcry ; lamentation, [i?.] 

EKE (5k), V. a. To supply ; to protract ; to spin out. 

EKE, ail. Also ; likewise ; beside. 

P-LAB'o-RATE, V. a. To produce with labor. 

P-eab'o-rate, a. iMuch labored upon ; much 
studied ; highly finished. 

P-lab'p-rate-lv, arf. With great labor. 

p-LXB'p-RATE-Niiss, 71. State of being elaborate. 

E-lab-p-rS'tipn, n. Act of elaborating, 

JP-LA'IN, 71. (Ckem.) Tl>e oily or liquid principle 
of fat or oil ; oleine. 

JR-LAPSE', V. n. To pass away ; to glide away. 

P-las'tic, ) a. Having elasticity ; springing 

^-lAs'ti-cae, ( back ; rebounding; springy. 

E-LAS-Ti'f;'!-Ty, 71. A property in bodies, by which 
they restore themselves to their original form. 

5-late', a. Flushed with success; lofty ; eiated. 

E-late', v. a. To elevate ; to puff up; to exalt. 

^-LA'TION, 71. State of being elated; elevation; 
triu^nph proceeding from success. 

el'bo w (el'bo), n. Curvature of the arm : — angle. 

el'BOW (el'bo), V. a. To push with the elbow. 

el'bo w, V. n. To jut out in angles ; to clash. 

el'bow-Chair, n. A chair with arms. 

el'bow-Room, n. Room to extend the elbows. 

fELD, 71. Old age ; old people ; old times. Shak. 

el'der, a. Surpassing another in years ; older. 

EL'der, 77. An older person-; a senior: — an an~ 
cestor : — a ruler : — a subordinate officer in a 
church : — a tree or shrub. 

el'der-ly, a. Bordering upon old age ; old. 

el'der-ship, 77. Seniority ; primogeniture. 

el'dest, a. Oldest ; most aged. 

el'ding, 71. Wood for burning ; fuel. \_Local.'\ . 

el-e-cam-pane', 77. A plant; a sweetmeat. 

5-lect', v. a. To choose for office ; to select. 

JE-ll;ct', a. Chosen ; taken by preference. 

E-LJiCT', 71. One who is elected or chosen. 

E-LEc'TIpN, 77. Act or power of choosing ; choice : 
— the ceremony of a public choice. — {Thcol.) 
Divine choice ^f individuals to enjoy blessings. 

E-Liic-TipN-EER', V. n. To use arts for electing, 
or for being elected, to an office. [Modem.] 

J5-Li:c-TipN-EER'lNG,77. Arts used in an election. 

E-LEC'TIVE, a. Having, or regulated by, choice. 

E-Lec'tive-ly, ad. In an elective manner. 

E-LliC'TpR, 77. One who elects or gives a vote. 

E-LiiC'Tp-RAL,6t. Relating to an elector or election. 

p-LEC'TOR-ATE, 77. Jurisdiction of an elector. 

E-lec'tric, 77. An electric body or substance. 

E-LEc'TRic, } a. Relating to, or containing, 

E-LEC'TRi-CAL, \ electricity ; attractive. 

E-LEC-TRi"ciAN (e-lek-trish'an), 77. One who is 
versed in the science of electricity. 

e-lec-tric'i-ty, 77. The science which explains 
the laws o'f the electric fluid : — a subtile fluid pro- 
duced by friction, first observed in amber. 

E-LiJc'TRl-Fl-A-BLE, a. That may be electrified. 

ji-Liic'TRj-FY, V. a. To communicate electricity to. 

E-lec'trIze,^7;. a. To electrify. 

E-LiJc'TRO-Bi-oL'p-^Y, 77. The application of 
Mesmerism to the human body. 

E-Liic'TRp-jeHEM'is-TRY, 77. The science which 

' treats of electricity in effecting chemical changes. 

E-LEc'TRp-MAG-NET'ic, a. Relating to electro- 
magnetism : — applied to a telegraph for convey- 
ing intelligence. 

E-LiJc'TRp-M AG'NET-tsM, 77. The science which 
treats of electricity and magnetism in communi- 
cating magnetic properties. 

e-lec-trom'e-ter, 77. An instrument for meas- 
uring the intensity of electricity. 

JE-LEc'TRp-scoPE, 71. An electrometer. 

E-Liic'TRp-TVPE, 7!. A method of taking reverse 
fac-similes ofmedals, coins, &c. 

J^-lec'tro-type, v. a. To make a fac-simile in 
metal, from a mould, by an electro-chemical pro- 
cess ; to deposit metals by electricity. 

E-LEC' TMUM, n. [L.] Amber ; a mixed metal. 

]^-LECT'y-A-RY, 77. A soft, compound medicine. 

el-ee-m6§'y-na-ry (61-e-moz'e-na-re), a. Re- 
lating to alms ; depending upon charity. 

EL-EE-M6§'Y-NA-Ry, 77. One who lives on alms. 

el'e-gance, 77. The beauty of propriety ; refine- 
ment ; polish ; symmetry ; grace ; politeness. 

el'e-gant, a. Having elegance ; pleasing ; re- 
fined ; polished ; graceful ; genteel ; accomplished, 

El'E-GANT-LY, ad. With elegance ; gracefully. 

*iiL-E-9l'AC (120) [el-e-ji'rik, S. TV. J. E. f! Ja. 
Sm. R. C. ; e-lS'je-ak or cl-e-jl'ak, P. K. : e-le'- 
je-ak, JVb.], a. Pertaining to elegy ; mournful. 

*!iL-E-(^l'AC, 77. Elegiac verse. ' 

El-e-^i'a-cal, a. Belonging to an elegy. 

'^t^srS''- A writer of elegies. 
E-LE'filT,n. [I/.] (Law.) A writ of execution. 
E1.'E-9Y, 77. A mournful song or poem ; a dirge. 
£l'e-ment, -71. A first or constituent principle of 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOB, SON; BOLL, BIJR, rOlE.— (;:, 9, J, so/i ; C,G,^,^, hard ; § as z ; 3f as gz : THIS. 




any thing ; an atom ; an ingredient ; a con- 
stituent part: — proper sphere. — PL First rudi- 
ments. — In popular language, the four elements 
are air, earth, Jire, and water. 
El-e-mEnt'al, a. Pertaining to elements : rude. 
£l-e-]Vi£nt'a-ry, a. Relating to elements ; un- 

compounded ; primary ; simple ; elemental. 
^-LiJNeH' or JG-lench' [e-lengk', Sm. C. fVb.; e- 
lench', P. K. ; e-lench' or e-lengk', Ja.], n. {Log- 
ic.) An argument ; a sophism. 
El'e-phant,7(. (Zool.) The largest of quadrupeds. 
EL-E-FHAN-Tl'A-sls,n. [L.J {Med.) A species 

of leprosy. 
EL-e-phan'TINE, a. Pertaining to the elephant. 
liL-Ey-siN'i-AN, a. Relating to the rites of Ceres. 
El'e-vate, v. a. To raise up; to exalt , to dignify. 
El'e-vate, p. a. Exalted ; raised aloft ; elevated. 
£l,'E-VAT-ED, p. a. Exalted ; high ; lofty ; tall. 
El-e-va'TION, 71. Act of elevating ; a raising up; 

exaltation ; height ; altitude. 
el'e-va-tor, n. A raiser or lifter up. 
EzivE (a-lav'), n. [Fr.] One protected by an- 
other ; a pupil. 
^I-LiiV'EN (e-lev'vn), a. Ten and one. 
E-lev'enth (e-lev'vnth), a. The next in order 

to the tenth. 
JELF, n ; pi. ELVE§. A wandering spirit ; a fairy. 
ELF'in, a. Relating to elves or fairies ; elfish. 
ELF'isH or ELV'lSH, a. Relating to elves or demons. 
ELF'-LoCK, n. A knot of hair tv^fisted by elves. 
Jp-L.I9'IT, V. a. To draw out ; to strike out. 
(;-Li9-i-TA'TiON, n. Act of eliciting. 
£;L-l-§^i-BiL,'l-TY, n. State of being eligible. 
EL'i-Cf i-BLE, a. That may be elected ; preferable. 
JiL'i-cj^l-BLE-NESS, n. Worthiness to be chosen. 
5-LlM'l-NATE,«. o. To turn out of doors ; to expel. 
^-LtM-i-NA'TlON, m. Expulsion; rejection. 
ji-LlQ'UA-MiiNT, n. (Chem.) A juice from fat. 
EL-I-QUA'TIQN, n. Separation of mixed bodies. 
jp-Li"§lpN (e-llzh'un), 7i. (Oram.) The act of 
cutting ofT a vowel at the end of a word ; as, "Th' 
E-liteI (a-let'), 71. [Fr.] The flower of an army ; 

the chosen or best part. 
P-LIX'IR, n. A medicine: — quintessence or ex- 
tract of any thing ; cordial. 
]p-l4lz'A-BiiTH-AN,ffi. Relating to Queen Elizabeth. 
ELK, n. A large quadruped ; the moose-deer. 
ELL, n. A measure of a yard and a quarter. 
]El-LIPSE', n. ; pi. EL-LlP'siJs. [L.] An oval 

figure : — an omission ; a defect. 
pL-Lip'soiD, n. A solid elliptical body. 
Kl-LIp'tic, {a. Having the form of an ellipse 
]EL-Ltp'Ti-CAL, \ or ellipsis ; oval : — defective. 
fiL-LTp'Tl-CAL-LY, ad. With an ellipsis. 
EL-LlP-Ti'c'J-TV, «. Quality of being elliptical. 
Elm, n. The name of a forest tree. 
EL-p-cO'TlON, n. Art or manner of speaking ; or- 
atory ; utterance ; eloquence. 
£l-o-cu'tiqn-a-ry, a. Relating to elocution. 
El-P-cO'tion iST, n. A teacher of elocution. 
EL'p-<^Y, n. Panegyric , eulogy. See Eulogy. 
E-LotN', V. a. (Law.) To remove ; to banish. 
|;-l6n'GATE, v. a. To lengthen ; to draw out. 
JP-LON'GATE, V. n. To go oft' to a distance. 
El-on-Ga'tipn, n. Act of lengthening ; distance. 
fj-LOPE', V. n. To run away ; to escape privately. 
P-l6pe'ment, n. Private or unlicensed departure. 
El'p-QUence, 71, The art of speaking well ; fluent 
and elegant speech ; oratory ; rhetoric. 

Syn. — Elocution consists chiefly in the manner 
of delivery ; eloquence, more in the matter that is 
delivered ; oratory is the art of public speaking ; 
rhetoric, the theory of the art. 
El'p-QUENT, a. Having eloquence ; oratorical. 
El'p-QUENT-ly, ad. In an eloquent manner. 
Else (els), pron. Other ; one besides. 
Else (Sis), ad. Otherwise ; beside. 
Else'where (els'hwir), ad. In another place. 
5-Lu'ci-DATE, V. a. To remove obscurity; to 
make clear ; to explain ; to illustrate. 

5-LU-ci-DA'TipN, n. Explanation ; exposition. 
Jp-L'j'ci-DA-TIVE, a. Throwing light; elucidatory, 
^i-LU'ci-DA-TpR, n. An explainer; a commentator. 
^-Lij'ci-DA-Tp-RY, a. Tending to elucidate. « 

^-lude', v. a. To escape by stratagem ; to evade ; 
to avoid ; to shun. 

R-lO'd}BLE, a. That may be eluded. 

^-Lu'§IpN (e-lu'zhun), 71. Evasion; artifice. 

^■Lu'siVE, a. Practising elusion ; deceptive. 

5-LO'ap-Ri-NEss. n. The state of being elusory. 

$-LC'sp-Ry, 0. Tending to elude ; elusive. 

JP-LUTE', V. a. To wash off; to elutriate. 

JP-LU'TRI-ATE, V. a. To purify by washing; to 
wash ; to decant or strain out. 

5-LU-TRl-A'TipN, 77. Act of elutriating. 

Elve§ (elvz), n. The plural of Elf. 

ELV'ISH or ELF'ISH, a. Relating to elves. 

:p-LY''§l-AN (e-lizh'e-9n) [e-lizh'e-an, JV. P. J. 
Ja, Sm. R. ; e-Hzh'yan, E. F. ; e-l'e'zhgn, S. K.], 
a. Relating to Elysium : — delightful; happy. 

E-I.Y" ifl VM (e-lizh'e um), 7i. [L.] The place 
assigned by the heathens to happy souls. 

E-ZY' TROJV, ) 77. ; pi. ELY' TRA. [Gr.] {Ent.) 

e-ly'trum, \ A winged sheath, as of a beetle. 

f P-mX^'er-ate, v. n. To emaciate. 

g-MA'ci-ATE (e-ma'she-at), v. a. To waste. 

5-MA'ci-ATE (e-ma'she-at), v. n. To grow lean. 

JE-MA'ci-ATE (e-ma'she-9t), a. Sunk ; wasted. 

p-MA-ci-A'TipN, n. Act of making or growing 
lean ; leanness. 

em'a-nant [em'a-nant, W. P. Sm. R. Wb. ; e'm?- 
nant, S. J. F. Ja.], a. Issuing from. 

EM'A-NATE, V. n. To issue or flow from ; to arise. 

EM-ANA'TipN, 77. Act of issuing ; efflux. 

Em'a-na-tive [em'a-na-tiv, W. K. Sm. R. ; e- 
man'?-tiv, S. P. Ja.'\, a. Issuing from another. 

E-man'ci-pate, v. a. To set free from servitude 
or slavery ; to manumit ; to liberate ; to free. 

JP-mXn-ci-pa'tion, n. The act of emancipating; 
manumission ; liberation ; enfranchisement. 

Syn. — Emancipation or manumission is the liber- 
ation or act of setting free from slavery or servi- 
tude ; enfranchisement or affranchisement is the act 
of setting free, and investing with the privileges 
of freenien._ 

^-man'ci-pa-tor, 7!. One who emancipates. 

E-MAS'CV-LATE, V. a. To deprive of virility. 

E-mXs'ci;-late, a. Unmanned ; etTemiiiate. 

E-jlAS-cy-LA'TipN, 7». Castration; efl^minacy. 

Em-balm' (em-bam'), v. a. To impregnate a body 
with aromatics, so as to prevent putrefaction. 

Em-balm'er (em-bam'er), 7i. One who embalms. 

^jM-bXnk', v. a. To throw or heap up. 

Em-bXnk'ment, n. A mound of earth ; a bank. 

Em-bar'go, 77. ; pi. em-b'ar'goe§. A prohibition 
upon vessels to prevent their leaving port. 

Em-bar'go, v. a. To prohibit from sailing. 

j^M-BARK', V. a. To put on shipboard : — to engage. 

IPM-BARK', V. n. To goon shipboard : — to engage. 

EM-BAR-KA'TipN, 71. The act of embarking. 

Pm-bXr'rass, v. a. To perplex ; to entangle. 

Em-bXr'rassed, ;). a. Perplexed; timid. 

fiM-BXR'RASS-tNG, p. a. Perplexing; difficnlt. 

tjM-BXR'RASS-MENT, 77. Perplexity ; trouble. 

Em-base', •y. a. To vitiate ; to debase. [dor. 

EM-BXs'SA-DpR, 77. Ambassador. See Ambassa- 

Em'BAS-sy, n. A public message or function of an 
ambassador ; a body of ambassadors. 

Rm-bXt'tle,77. a. To range in order of battle. 

I^M-bXt'TLE, v. n. To be ranged in battle-array. 

Em-bXt'tled, a. Indented like a battlement. 

$M-bay' (em-ba'), v. a. To enclose in a bay. 

Em-Bed', v. a. To place in a bed ; to imbed. 

Pm-bed'ded, a. Placed in ; imbedded. 

fjM-BEL'LlSH, 71. a. To adorn ; to beautify. 

gM-BEL'LjSH-MENT, 77. Ornament ; decoration. 

Em'ber, a. Applied to certain fast-days. 

em'ber§, 77. pi. Hot cinders ; ashes with fire. 

EM'BER-WiJEK, 77. A Vi'eek in which an ember- 
day, or day of humiliation, falls. 

5m-bez'zle, v. a. To steal by breach of trust. 

A, E, I, o, u, Y, long; X, E,I, 6, 0, y, short i a, e, i, p, t;, y, ofiscjire.— -FARE, far, fast, all; ii£ir, HEEj 




Jm-BEZ'ZLE-MENT, n. Act of embezzling. 

fsi-BEZ'ZLER, 74. One who embezzles. 

Jm-bit'ter, v. a. To make bitter. See Imbitter. 

giM-BLAZE', V. a. To adorn ; to emblazon. 

Em-bla'zon (em-bla'zn), v. a. To adorn with 
ensigns armorial ; to decli glaringly ; to blazon. 

pM-BLA'zoN-ER (em-bla'zn-er), n. A blazoner. 

JpM-BLA'zoN-RY (em-bla'zn-re), 7!. Act of embla- 
zoning ; devices or pictures upon shields. 

EM'blem, n. A picture representing one thing to 
the eye and another to the understanding ; a sym- 
bol ; a device ; Si figure ; a painted enigma ; type. 

EM-ble-mat'ic, ) a. Pertaining to, or compris- 

£m-ble-mat'i-cal, S ing, an emblem ; allusive. 

EM-BLE-MAT'i-CAL-Ly, ad. In the manner of 

^M-BLEm'a-tTst, n. A maker of emblems. 

f^M-BLEM'A-TlZE, V. a. To represent by emblems. 

em'ble-ments, n. pi. Profits from land sown. 

em'blem-ize, v. a. To represent by emblems. 

£m-b6d'y, v. a. To form into a body ; to incorpo- 
ratej — written also imbodTj, 

Sm-bold'en, v. a. To make bold ; to encourage. 

£M'Bp-Li§M, 7!. Insertion of days or years to pro- 
duce regularity in time ; intercalation. 

£j/BOiVi'o/ivr(ang'bong-pwang'), 7i. [Fr.] State 
of health ; good plight of body ; plumpness. 

Em-bo'^om, v. a. To cherish. See Imbosom. 

4)M-b6ss', v. a. To form with protuberances : — to 
engrave with relief, or raised work. 

^^m-boss'mext, n. A prominence ; jut ; relief. 

Embouchure (ang'bo-shiir'), »*• [Fr.] The 
aperture of a flute, cScc. ; the mouth of a river. 

^M-Bo\v'EL, V. a. To take out the entrails of. 

JEm-bow'el-ler, 77. One who embowels. 

Em-b6\v'er, v. a. & 71. To lodge or rest in a bower. 

|;m-brace', v. a. To hold fondly in the arms ; to 
enclose ; to comprise ; to contain ; to include. 

JEm-brace', v. n. To join in an embrace. 

$m-brace', 77. Clasp ; fond pressure in the arms. 

]pM-BRACE'MENT,7i. Clasp ; hug; embrace. 

JpM-BRA'cER, 77. One who embraces. — {Law.) One 
who attempts to corrupt a jury. 

JpM-BRA'cER-y, 77. (LaiD.) An attempt to cor- 
rupt a court or jury by unlawful means. 

Embrasure (em-bra-zhur' or em-bra'zhur) [em- 
bra'zhur, IV. J. F. Ja. ; em-bra-zhor', S. K. ; em- 
bra-zur', P. Sm. fVb.], n. An aperture in fortifi- 
cations for cannon ; a battlement. 

£m'bro-cate, v. a. To foment a part diseased. 

£m-bro-ca'tipn, 77. Act of embrocating. 

5m:-broid'er, v. a. To adorn with figured work. 

Jp-M-BRoiD'ER-ER, 71. One who embroiders. 

givi-BRoiD'ER-Y, 77. Variegated needlework. 

^M-BRoiL', V. a. To disturb ; to confuse ; to dis- 
tract : — to involve in trouble by discord. 

Em-broil'ment, n. Confusion ; disturbance. 

JM-BRllE', !;. a. To wet ; to steep. See Imbrue. 

em'bry-o, 71.; pi. em'bry-os. The offspring yet 
unformed in the womb : — first state of any thing. 

£m'brv-6 or Em'BRY-6n, a. Unfinished. 

5-MiiND', 7). a. To correct ; to amend. [iJ.] 

5->li2ND'^-BLE, a. Capable of emendation. 

EM-tJN-DA'TlON, 77. Correction ; improvement. 

EM'Eiy-DA-TQR, 77. A corrector ; an improver. 

E-MJjM'DA-Tp-RV, a. Contributing emendation. 

em'e-rSld, 77. A precious stone of a green color: 
— a printing type smaller than minion. 

IJ-MERfjiE', V. 11. To rise out of water, &c.; to 
come forth ; to issue. 

E-MiiR'fjJENCE, ) 77. Act of emerging: — sudden 

^-MiJR'fjtEN-cy, ( occasion ; exigence. 

$-MER'9E\T,a. Rising into view ; sudden ; casual. 

K-Mi3R'lT-EW, a. Having done sufficient service. 

k-M/SR'T-TiJH, a. [L.] An epithet applied toone 
who is discharged from further public duty. 

&Vl' RR-oiT)ff, n. pi. HcMunrrhoids ; piles. 

p-MiJFl'SION, 77. Act of emerging ; a rising out. 

Em'er-y, 77. (JUin.) A ii.'ird mineral, a variety of 
sapphire or corundum, usod by lapidaries. 

p-MIiT'jc, 71. A medicine provoking vomits. 

5-mEt'ic, a. Provoking vomiting. 

e'meu, 77. A kind of ostrich , the cassiowary. 

Emeute (a-niut'), 77. [Fr.] An uproar; a riot. 

EM-l-CA'TipN, 77. Act of sparkling. 

^-Mic'TipN,77. Discharge of urine ; urine. 

EM'l-&RANT, 77. One who emigrates. 

EM'i-GRANT, a. Removing from place to place. 

em'i-grate, v. 77. To leave one's native country 
to reside in another ; to change habitation. 

Em-i-gra'tion, 77. The act of emigrating; re- 
moval from one country to another. 

Em'i-nence, j 77. Loftiness; height; fame: — a 

EM'i-NEN-CY, \ title given to cardinals. 

Em'i-NENT, a. High; exalted; conspicuous. 

EM'i-NENT-Ly, ad. Conspicuously ; highly. 

e'mir, 77. A title of dignitj' among the Turks. 

EM'ls-SA-Ry, 77. One sent on a mission ; a spy. 

EM'is-SA-RY, a. Looking about ; prying. 

5-Mis'sipN (e-mish'un), 71. Act of sending out. 

E-MlT'. V. a. ' To send forth ; to let go ; to dart. 

Em-mAn'u-el, 77. One of the appellations of the 
Messiah, signifying in Hebrew, God with us. 

em'met, 77. An ant ; a pismire. 

EM-pL-LEs'cENCE, 74. The Softening of a metal in 
beginning to melt. 

5-m6l'li-ate, v. a To make soft or eflJeminate. 

*£-m6l'lient (e-mol'yent) [e-mol'yent, S. W. J. 
F. Ja. K. Sm. ; e-mSl'e-ent, P.], a. Softening. 

*{;-m6l'lient, 77. A softening medicine. 

E]vi-pL-Li"TipN (em-0-lish'un), 74. A softening. 

iEi-Mdi/u-MENT, )7. Profit from labor or service ; 
lucre ; advantage ; gain. 

?-MOL-u-MENT'AL, a. Useful ; yielding profit. 

l^-Mo'TlpN, 77. A movhig of the mind or feelings; 
mental excitement ; passion ; agitation. 

ip-Mo'TlpN-AL, a. Relating to or implying emotion. 

E-MO'TiVE, a. Relating to emotion. 

Em-pale', v. a. To fence with a pale ; to enclose : 
— to put to death by fixing on a stake. 

Em-pale'ment, n. Act of empaling: — a calyx. 

^m-pan'el, 7). a. To form a jury ; to impanel. 

Em-pan'el, 74. A list of jurors. See Panel. 

EM-park', 7). a. To enclose in a park. 

Em'pX^m, 74. (Med.) A powder for sprinkling on 
an ulcer, or on the body. 

Em-pas'sion (em-pash'un), v. a. See Impassion. 

I^m-per'il, 7). a. To endanger ; to peril. 

EM'PER-pR, 77. The ruler of an empire ; a monarch 
superior to a king. 

Em'pha-sTs, 77. ; pi. em'pha-se§. Stress or force 
of voice laid on a word or sentence ; accent. 

S7/74. — Emphasis on a word ; accent on a sylla- 
ble ; stress on a word or syllable. 

em'pha-sIze, v. a. To place emphasis on. 

Em-phat'ic, ) a. Relating to, or uttered with, 

$m-phat'i-c AL, ) emphasis : — forcible ; impres- 
sive ; strong. 

EM-PHXT'}-CAL-Ly, ad. Strongly ; forcibly. 

£M-PHy-SE'MA, 74. {Med.) A light, puffy liumor. 

Em'pire, 74. An extensive region governed by an 
emperor : — imperial jurisdiction or power. 

Syn. — A vast empire ; a separate kingdom. The 
Russian empire ; the kingdom of Prussia. 

Em'pi-ric or Em-PIr'ic (122) [em-pir'ik, Ja. Sm. 
R. ; em'pe-rik, S. J. Wb. Ash; em'pe-rik or em- 
pir'ik, W. P. F. K. C], 74. A pretended' or 
ignorant physician ; a quack. 

^M-pir'ic, ) a. Relating to empiricism ; ex- 

Eivi-PiR'i-CAL, j perimental ; charlatanical. 

f-M-PiR'l-CAL-Ly, ad. In an empirical manner. 

|;M-PiR'i-ci§M, 74. Dependence on experience 
without knowledge or art ; quackery. 

5m-plAs'ter, v. a. To cover witli a plaster. 

£]vi-plXs'T!C, a. Viscous ; glutinous. 

IpM-PLO?', -7). a. To keep at work; to exercise ; 
to use ; to make use of; to busy. 

S7/77. — Employ workmen ; exercise faculties ; 
77SC means ; busy one's self. 

^m-ploy', 74. Business ; occupation ; agency. 

5M-PLO?'A-BLE,a. That may boused; fit for use. 

]pM-PLot'ER, 77. One who employs. 

.^ * j«, .... ..... ...w...x^...v ...... .......^ , .^ ,. ., «- -r—j — •' 1 J ~- 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NOR, s6n; BOlL, BUR, rOlE. — g, 9, g,so/l!; «,JG, £, g, Aard; ^asz; ^faa-gz: TUJi& 




PM-PLov'MENT, n. Business ; occupation ; en- 
gagement ; office ; post of business ; agency. 

5M-POi'§ON (era-pbi'zn), v. a. To poison ; to en- 

Em-poi'^on-er, 71. One who poisons. 

|;m-po'rj-um, n. [L.] L. pi. EM-PO' Rl-A ; Eng. 
em-po'ri-um§. a place of commerce ; a mart. 

^Jvi-Po v'er-ish, v. a. To make poor ; to exhaust. 

5m-p6v'er-ish-er, n. One who empoverishes. 

pM-Pov'ER-isH-MENT, 71. Act of empoverishing. 

Em-pow'er, v. a. To authorize ; to enable. 

tM'PRESS, n. The wife of an emperor; a female 
who governs an empire. 

{)M-PRi§E', ?i. An attempt of danger; enterprise. 

fiMP'Tl-ER (em'te-er), «. One that empties. 

EMp'ti-ness (em'te-nes), n. State of being empty ; 
vacuity ; vacuum : — want of substance. 

fiMP'TlpN (em'shun), n. The act of buying. 

Emp'ty (era'te), a. Void ; vacant; unfurnished. 
Syn. — Empty vessel or house ; unfurnished 
room ; void space ; vacant seat. 

ISmp'ty (em'te), v. a. To evacuate ; to exhaust. 

EMP'ty (em'te), v. n. To become empty or void. 

EMP'TY-iNG§, n. pi. Lees of beer, cider, &c. 

5m-pur'pl.e, v. a. To make of a purple color. 

Em-py-e'ma, 7!. Collection of purulent matter. 

^pM-PYR'E-AL, a. Formed of fire or light. 

*em-py-re'an or Em-pyr'e-an (124) [em-pe-re'- 
5tn, S. E. K. Sm. Wb. ; em-pe-re'an or em-pir'e- 
an, W. P. F. Ja. C], n. The highest heaven, 
where pure elemental fire was supposed to subsist. 

*EM-Pv-Rii;'AN or Em-pyr'e-an, a. Empyreal. 

em-py-reO'ivia, 7!. [Gr.] The taste or smell of 
some burnt, oily substances. 

EM-PV-REU-mat'ic, ) a. Having the smell 

£m-py-reu-mat'!-cal, ] or taste of burnt sub- 
stances^ as oils and animal substances. 

£m-py-r6'sis, 77. A conflagration ; general fire. 

£M'0-LATE,t). a. To rival ; to vie with ; to imitate. 

EM-U-La'tion, n. A desire to excel others ; com- 
petition ; rivalry ; contest ; contention. 

Em'U-la-tI ve, a. Inclined to emulation ; rivalling. 

£m'u-la-tor, 71. A rival ; a competitor. 

JE-mDl'^ent, a. Milking or draining out. 

£-MUL'(,iENT, 71. A medicine : — an artery. 

fiM'y-Lods, a. Rivalling; desirous to excel. 

Em'u-lous-ly, ad. With desire of excelling. 

.p-MUL'siON, n. An oily, lubricating medicine. 

.p-Miil/siVE, a. Tending to soften ; like milk. 

5-mDnc'tp-ry, n. A secretory gland ; a duct. 

tE-MVS-CA'TlQN, 71. Act of clearing from moss. 

EN. A prefix to many English words, chiefly bor- 
rowed from the French, and coinciding with the 
Latin iyi, and identical with em and in. Many 
words waver between the two modes of spelling ; 
as enclose or inclose, endorse or indorse, enquire or 
inquire, ensnare or insnare. 

5n-a'ble, v. a. To make able ; to empower. 

4iN-ACT', V. a. To perform ; to establish ; to decree. 

5n-act'MENT, n. The passing of a bill into a 
law ; a law enacted ; a decree ; a statute. 

pN-ACT'pR, 71. One who enacts or decrees. 

Bn-Xl'la-9^e, 77. [Gr.] (Gram.) A change of one 
mode or case for another. 

En-am'bush, v. a. To hide in ambush. 

5n-am'el, v. a. To inlay ; to variegate with colors. 

^n-am'el, v. n. To practise the art of enamelling. 

JEn-am'el, n. A substance used in enamelling: 
— cortex, or fine exterior covering of the teeth. 

En-Sm'el-ler, 77. One who enamels. 

En- am'el-ling^ n. An of applying enamels. 

fEN-AM-o-RA'DO, n. Itiamorato. 

?W-Xm'our, v. a. To inflame with love. 

en-ar-thr6'sis, 77. The ball and socket joint. 
)En-ca9^e', v. a. To shut up ; to incage. 
Pn-camp', v. n. To pitch tents ; to halt. 
^n-camp', v. a. To form an army into a camp. 
En-camp'ment, 77. Act of encam|)ing ; a camp. 
En-case', v. a. To enclose. See Incase. 
EN-CAUS'Tlc,a. Burnt in ; — applied to enamelling. 
i^N-CAVE', V. a. To hide as in a cave. 

jEiVC£Ji\^T£(ang-s5nt'),77. [Fr.] Ground enclosed 

Enceinte (iing-sant'), a. [Fr.J Pregnant , begins 
with child. 

en-ce-phal'ic, a. Relating to the head. 

pN-CHAFE', V. a. To chafe ; to enrage ; to irritate. 

J;n-chain', v. a. To fasten with a chain ; to bind. 

JEn-chant', v. a. To char7n ; to bewitch ; to fas- 
cinate ; to enrapture ; to delight. 

5n-chAnt'er, 7t. One who enchants. 

5n-chant'ing-LY, ad. With enchantment. 

5n-chant'ment, 77. Act of encJianting; magi- 
cal charm ; spells ; incantation ; delight. 

En-chant'ress, 77. A woman who enchants. 

En-chase', v. a. To infix ; to adorn ; to engrave. 

EN-^Hi-RtD'i-oN, n. [Gr.] A little book; a 

En-jCHO'ri-al, a. Belonging to a country ; na- 
tive ;. popular; common. 

En-cir'cle, v. a. To surround ; to environ. 

En-clit'jc, 77. A particle which throws back the 
accent upon the foregoing syllable. 

En-cl1't'ic, ) a. Relating to enclitics ; throvv^- 

EN-CLjT'i-CAL, ] ing back the accent. 

En-clois'ter, v. a. To shut up, as in a cloister. 

En-close', v. a. [enclorre, enclos, Fr.] To environ ; 
to encircle ; to circumscribe ; to surround ; to iu- 
cludej to inclose : — often written inclose. 

En-clos'er, 77. One who encloses ; incloser. 

5n-clo^'ure (en-klo'zhur), 77. Act of enclosing; 
thinj enclosed, or vi'hich encloses ; inclosure. 

5n-co'mi-ast, 77. A panegyrist; a praiser. 

En-co-mI-as'tic, j a. Laudatorj' ; bestowing 

En-c5;MI-as'ti-cal, ) praise ; panegyrical. 

■j-En-co-mi-as'tic, 77. A panegyric._ 

.^N-C0'MI-UM,77." [L.] I^.pl.EN-CO'MI-AtEng, 

EN-co'lvil-t5M§. Praise ; panegyric ; eulogy. 

Syn. — Encomium on a work or performance ; 
praise bestowed on a person or performance ; 
panegyric or eulogy on an heroic action or distin- 
guished person. 

5n-c6m'pass (en-kiim'pas), v. a. To enclose; to 
encircle ; to surround; to environ. 

En-com'pass-ment, 77. Act of encompassing. 

*Encore (ang-kor') [ong-kor', S. fV. J. E.Ja. Sm. ;', F. R.], ad. [Fr.] Again ; once more ; — 
a word used to call for a repetition. 

*En-core' ('ang-kor'), v. a. To call for repetition. 

En-coOn'ter, 77. Battle ; fight ; duel ; meeting. 

|;n-coun'ter, v. a. To meet ; to attack ; to resist. 

En-coun'ter, v. n. To engage ; to fight : to meet. 

En-coOn'ter-er, 77. One who encounters. 

I^N-coijR'A^E (en-kur'aj), v. a. To give courage 
to ; to animate ; to incite ; to embolden. 

EN-couR'AqsE-MENT (en-kiir'aj-ment), 77. Act of 
encouraging ; favor ; countenance ; support. 

En-cour'a<^-er (en-kur'aj-er), 77. A favorer. 

En-cour'a^-Tng,p. a. Affording encouragenient. 

5n-croach' (en-kroch'), v. n. To make invasion j 
to intrude ; to advance by stealth. 

5n-croach'er, 77. One who encroaches. 

En-croach'ing-ly, ad. By encroachment. 

JRn-croach'ment, 77. An unlawful intrusion. 

En-crust', v. a. To cover. See Incrust. 

^n-cDm'ber, v. a. To clog ; to load ; to impede. 

FiN-ctJM'BRANCE, 77. Clog ; load; impediment. 

5n-cyc'li-cal, a. Circular ; sent round. 

En-cy-clo-PjE'di-a, 77. A complete circle of sci- 
ences ; a dictionary of the arts, sciences, and lit- 
erature ; a cyclopEedia. 

En-cy-clo-p£:'di-an, a. Encyclopedical. 

En-cy-clq-ped'ic, I a. Relating to an ency- 

En-cy-clq-ped'j-cal, ( clopajdia. 

jpN-CY-CLo-PiJ'DiRT, 77. One who assists in com- 
piling an encycloptedia. 

En-cyst'ed, a. Enclosed in a vesicle or bag. 

END, 77. Conclusion ; termination ; period ; limit, 
point : — final doom ; fate : — purpose ; design. 

END, V. a. To terminate ; to conclude ; to finish. 

END, V. n. To come to an end ; to die ; to cease. 

(;n-dXm'A(^E, v. a. To injure ; to prejudice. 

En-dan'(J^er, v. a. To expose to danger or peril 

S, £, T, 6, u, Y, long ; X, E, T, 6, C, $, short ; A, E, I, p, y, Y, obscure.— fare, far, fSst, all; h£ir, heKj 




5n-DEAR', o. a. To make dear ; to make beloved. 
J^n-dear'MENT, n. Cause of love; affection. 
JpN-DEAV'oR (en-dev'ur), n. Labor directed to 

some end ; effurt ; attempt ; essay ; aim. 
^N-DEAV'OR, V. n. To labor to a certain purpose. 
tjN-DEAV'pR, V. a. To attempt ; to essay ; to try. 
JE?f-DEAV'OR-ER, 11. One who endeavors. 
En-dec'a-g6n, n. A figure of eleven sides. 
l^N-DE'Ml-AI,, a. Endemic. [R.] 
En-dem'ic, ) a. Peculiar to a country or place ; 
JpN-DEM'i-CAL, \ — applied to diseases. 
JEn-den'i-Zen (en-den'e-zn), v. a. To naturalize. 
End'jng, 71. Conclusion ; termination. 
JEn-dIte', v. n. To compose. See Indite and 

5n-dit'er, n. A composer ; inditer. 
en'dive, n. A plant used as a salad ; succory. 
f;ND'i.ESS, a. Without end ; perpetual ; incessant. 
fiND'LESS-LY, ad. Perpetually ; without end. 
£nd'less-ness, n. Endless extension or duration. 
EJf'DO-^EN, n. {Bot.) A plant or tree which in- 
creases in diameter by addition made to the inside 

or centre, as the palm-tree. 
En-d6(^'e-nous, a. Relating to endogens. 
JEn-doph'vl-lous, a. (Bot.) Enclosed in a sheath. 
JpN-DORSE', V. a. [eiidosser, Fr. ; in and dorsum, L.] 

To write on the back ; to superscribe ; — written 

both endorse and indorse. 
^N-DORSE'MENT, ?!. Act of endorsing; super- 
scription ; indorsement. 
5n-dors'er, n. One who endorses ; indorser. 
Jn-dow', v. a. To furnish with a portion; to 

endue ; to invest ; to enrich. 
En-do vV'er, n. One who endows or gives a 

JpN-Dbw'MENT, n. Act of endowing: — any thing 

valuable bestowed ; a gift of nature. 
En-dOe', v. a. To supply with. See Indue. 
JEn-dur'a-ble, a. Tolerable; sufferable. 
JEn-dur'ance, n. State of enduring ; duration; 

continuance: — fortitude ; patience. 
^N-dOre', v. a. To bear ; to sustain ; to support. 
4;n-dOre', v. n. To last ; to remain ; to bear. 
Snd'wT^e, ad. Erectly ; uprightly ; on end. 
IEI-ne'id, n. A Latin epic poem written by Virgil : 

— written also JEneid. 
EN' E-MA.,n. [iv'-iJiii.] {Med.) A clyster ; injection. 
£n'e-my, 71. One who is hostile to another; a 

foe ; an adversary ; an opponent. 

Syn. — A public enejn;/ ; a deadly /oe ,• an open 

adversary ; an opponent or antagonist in debate or 

£N-ER-(^i3T'!C, } a. Forcible; strong; active; 
fiN-ER-CjJET'i-cAL, \ vigorous ; powerful. 
EN-ER-(jrET'i-CAL-LY, ad. In an energetic manner. 
fiN'ER-(,i^IZE, V. a. To give energy to. 
EN'ER-(fY, 7!. Power to operate; force; vigor; 

resolution ; strength of expression. 
5-NER'VATE [e-ner'vat, S. (V. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. 

Sni.j, V. a. To deprive of force ; to weaken ; to 

render feeble ; to debilitate. See Contemplate. 
5-ner'vate, a. Weakened; deprived of force. 
EN-er-va'tion, 71. Act of weakening ; weakness. 
fE-i\ERVE', V. a. To enervate ; to weaken. 
Ert fainille (ang'fi-mSl'), [Fr.] In a family way. 
JpN-FiJii'BLE, V. a. To weaken ; to enervate. 
*^N-FEOFF' (eu-fef) [en-fef, P. J. F. Sm. Wb. ; 

en-fuf, S. JV. E. Ja. C], v. a. To invest with pos- 
sessions in fee. 
*5n-feoff'went (en-fef'ment), n. The act of 

enfeoffing: — an instrument or deed. 
£n-f!-laue', 7j. [Fr.] A line ; straight passage. 
iJN-FijLADE', V. a. To pierce in a right line. 
pN-FORCE', V. a. To strengthen; to urge: — to 

prove : — to constrain ; to compel, 
f n-force'a-ble, a. Capable of being enforced. 
jv-FOKCE'iviENT, 71. Compulsion; force api)lied. 
5v-foi{'cer, 7/. One who enforces. 
4ix-FRA\'cri!^E, V. a. To make free ; to admit to 

the privilcccs of a citizen : — to lil)erato. 
^N-FRAN'o'lliijE-MENT, 71. Act of enfranchising ; 

release from prison or from slaverj' ; emanci. 

5n-fran'chi§-er, 7!. One who gives freedom 
EN-GA(JtE', V. a. To bind by contract; to enli ; 

to induce ; to win ; to gain ; to employ : — lo 

En-ga^e', v. n. To conflict ; to fight ; to embark. 
|;n-ga^ed' (en-gajd'),p. a. Enlisted; betrothed: 

— feeling an interest ; earnest. 

EN-GA^^'ED-jViiss, 7t. Earnestness; zeal. 

1Jn-GA(^E'MENT, n. Act of engaging -.promise; ob- 
ligation : — employment : — conflict ; battle. 

5n-ga<^'ing, p. a. Attaching ; attractive. 
^N-GA^'iNG-LY, ad. In a winning manner. 
En-Gar'land, v. a. To encircle with a garland. 
JEn-^^en'der, v. a. To beget ; to produce ; to form. 
J^n-^en'der, 7j. 7t. To copulate ; to be produced. 
^N-(^en'der-er, n. One who begets. 
en'<,j^jne (en'jin), n. A mechanical instrument of 

complicated parts ; a machine : — an agent. 
EN-^ri-NEER', n. One who constructs or manages 

engines or cannons. — Civil engineer, one who 

constructs canals, docks, railroads, &c. 
EN-(jtI-NEER'lNG, n. The business of an engineer ; 

art of managing engines: — the construction of 

bridges, railroads, canals, &c. 
en'(;;^!NE-ry, 71. Engines of war ; artillery. 
En-gird', v. a. \i. engirt or engirded ; pp. eN' 

girding, engirt or engirded.] To encircle. 
EN'qti-scoPE, n. A reflecting microscope. 
Eng'LISH (ing'glish), a. Belonging to England. 
Eng'lish (Ing'glish), 77. The language of England. 

— PI. The people of England. 

Eng'lish (Ing'glish), v. a. To translate into 
English ; to Anglicize. 

En-geOt', ». a. To swallow ; to glut. 

En-gor^e', v. a. To swallow ; to devour ; to gorge. 

JEn-g6r(jJE', 7). 77. To feed with eagerness. 

En-graft', t;. a. To ingraft. See Ingraft. 

JpN-GRAiL', V. a. To indent in curve lines. 

I^n-grail'ment, n. A ring of dots round the 
edge of a medal. 

En-grain', v. a. To dye deep ; to dye in the grain. 

En-GRAp'ple, v. a. To close with ; to grapple. 

En-grasp', v. a. To seize hold of ; to gripe. 

JEn-GRAVE', v. a. \i. engraved ; pp. engraving, 
ENGRAVED or ENGRAVEN.] To picture by in 
cisions in any matter ; to mark or cut metal, 
wood, or stone : — to impress ; to imprint. 

fEN-GRAVE'MENT, 77. Engraved work ; engraving. 

En-grav'er, 71. One who engraves metals, &c. 

En-GRAV'ing, 77. The art or work of an engraver. 

En-gross', v. a. To monopolize ; to forestall , to 
buy up any commodity in order to sell it again at 
a high price : — to copy in a large hand. 

En-gross'er, 77. One who engrosses. 

En-gr6ss'ment, n. Act of engrossing. 

f-N-GULF', 7). a. To absorb in a gulf. See Ingulf. 

5N-HANCE', V. a. To raise; to advance: — to 
heighten in price or esteem : — to aggravate. 

Pn-hance'ment, 77. Increase ; aggravation. 

En-han'cer, 77. One who enhances. 

E-nig'ma, n. A proposition put in ambiguous 
terms, so as to puzzle or exercise the ingenuity 

_ in discovering the meaning ; a riddle. 

e-nig-mXt'ic, }a. Partaking of enigma : am- 

e-nig-mat'i-cal, \ biguous ; obscure ; dark. 

E-NiG-MAT'l-CAL-LY, ad. In an obscure manner. 

?-nig'ma-tIst, 7i. One who deals in enigmas. 

E-NlG'MA-TiZE, V. 77. To deal in enigmas. 

E-n/g-ma-tog'ra-phv, ) 77. Art of making and 

E-NlG-MA-TOL'p-yy, \ solving riddles. 

5n-jo(n', 75. a. To direct earnestly; to urge; to 
enforce ; to prescribe. 

Rn-join'er, n. One who gives injunctions. 

fRN-JolN'MENT, 77. Direction ; injunction. 

ipN-jov', V. a. To have orobtain possession or fru- 
ition ot : — to delight in ; to exhilarate. 

^n-jov'a-bi^e, a. Capable of enjoyment. 

En-joy'er, 77. One who enjoys. 

t^N-Joi'MENT, 71. Pleasure; happiness; fruition. 

MlENjSIE; MOVEjNOE, s5nj bOll, bUb, rOle. — ?,9,t, «<4A) S, Hi, z,^, hard; f asz; 3f osgz: I'HIS, 




JiN-KfN'DLE, V. a. To set on fire ; to inflame. 
JEn-lard', v. a. To grease; to baste. 
^;n-laR(^e', u. a. To make greater; to increase; 

to extend ; to dilate ; to expand : — to set free. 
5n-lar(^e', v. n. To expatiate ; to be ditfuse. 
^li-L.'AR(^E'ME.tiT, n. Act of enlarging ; increase; 

expansion : — release. 
l^N-LlGHT'EN (en-li'tn), V. a. To illuminate; to 

supply with liglit : — to instruct : — to cheer. 
JEn-light'en-er (en-ll'tn-er), n. An illuminator. 
gN-LlGHT'EN-MENT, n. Illumination. 
|;n-list', v. a. To enroll, as for military service ; 

to engage ; to record : to register. 
]Bn-list', v. n. To enroll one's self; to engage. 
En-lTst'ment, 71. Act of enlisting ; enrolment. 
JEn-li' VEN (en-li'vn), v. a. To make alive, active, 

sprightly, or gay ; to animate ; to exhilarate. 
!En-l,I'ven-er, 7j. He or that which enlivens. 
En masse (ang-mas'), [Fr.] In a body or mass. 
£N'M}-TY,?t. Stateof being an enemy ; animosity; 

malevolence ; hatred ; hostility. 

Sijn. — Bitter enmity; unceasing malevolence i 

deadly hatred ; actual hostility ; fierce animosity. 
En'ne-a-gon or En-ne'a-g6n, n. A figure of 

nine sides and angles. 
En-n:P-at'i-cal, a. Ninth. 
|;n-no'ble, 0. a. To make noble.3 to dignify ; to 

exalt ; to elevate. 
En-no'ble-ment, n. Exaltation ; elevation. 
jEiViVtr/ (an-wS'), ™. [Fr.] Wearisomeness ; lassi- 
tude ; listlessness ; disgust. 
en-p-da'tion, n. The act of untying a knot. 
JE-nor'mi-ty, n. Depravity ; an atrocious crime. 
4^-NOR'Moys, a. Excessive ; prodigious ; — very bad. 
^-nor'mous-ly, ad. Beyond measure. 
E-NOR'Moys-NiJSS, n. Jmineasurable excess. 
^-xotJGii' (e-nuf), a. Sufficient; satisfying. 
Jp-NOUGH' (e-niaf), 71. A sufficiency ; plenty. 

Syn. — One has a sufficiency when his wants 

are satisfied, and enough wlien his desires are 

satisfied. One may therefore have a sufficiency 

without having enough. 
JE-NOUGH' (e-nuf), ad. In a sufficient degree. 
fE-NOvV, a. ' The old plural o{ Enougji. 
Ell passant (ang-pas'sang'), [Fr.] By the way. 
^N-QUIRE', V. a. & n. [enquerir, Fr. ; inquiro, L.] 

To ask; to search ; to examine: — written also 

inquire. See Inquire. 
JEn-QuIr'er, 71. One who enquires. See Inqi'iber. 
JEN-Qui'RY, 77. Act of enquiring ; examination; 

inquiry. See iNquiRv. 
JEn-ra(/e', 77. a. To irritate ; to make furious. 
En-rank', v. a. To place in ranks ; to rank. 
$n-rapt'ijre (en-rapt'yur), v. a. To transport 

with pleasure ; to delight highly ; to enchant. 
^n-rav'ish, v. a. To throw into ecstasy. 
I^N-RAV'isH-MENT, 77. Ecstasy of delight. 
En-rich', v. a. To make rich ; to fertilize. 
^N-rTch'ment, n. Act of making rich. 
I^N-RiDc^E' (en-rij'), v. a. To form into ridges. 
EN-Rf ng', v. a. To bind round ; to encircle. Shak. 
fjN-Rl'PEN (en-ri'pn), c. a. To ripen. Donne. 
JEn-robe', v. a. To dress ; to clothe ; to invest. 
En-roll', v. a. To enlist ; to register ; to record. 
Syn. ^- Men are enrolled for the public service ; 

enlisted for the army ; births are registered ; deeds, 

5n-roll'er, 77. One who enrolls. 
En-rol'ment, 77. A register ; a writing ; record. 
Bn-r6ot', 7). a. To fix by the root ; to implant. 
En route (ing'rot'). [Fr.] On the way. 
jBiV.y, 77. [L.] Any being ; existence. 
^n-sam'ple, 77. An example ; a pattern. 
JEn-san'gitine (en-sang'gwjn), v. a. To smear 

with gore ;_to suffuse with blood. 
JfN-SCHiiD'ULE (en-sked'ul or en-shed'ul), v. a. 

To insert in a schedule. See Schedule. 
5n-sc6nce', v. a. To cover, as with a fort; to 

place under a shelter ; to secure. 
5n-seal', u. a. To impress ; to seal. 
|;n-SEAM', v. a. To sew up ; to enclose by a seam. 

En-sear', v. a. To cauterize ; to sear. Shak. 

Ensemble (ing-sam'bl), n. [Fr.] The whole,- 
a relative proportion of parts to the whole. 

En-shield' (en-sheld'), 7;. a. To shield. Shak. 

En-shrine', v. a. To preserve as a thing sacred. 

en'sj-form, a. Shaped like a sword. 

en'sign (en'sin), 71. An officer, subordinate to a 
lieutenant, who carries an ensign or flag : — a 
flag or standard of a ship or regiment : — signal. 

en'sign-cy (en'sjn-se), /(. The office of an ensign. 

En-slave', v. a. To reduce to slavery or bondage. 

^;n-slave'ment, 77. Act of enslaving ; bondage. 

En-slav'er, 77. One who enslaves. 

J^n-snare', v. a. To entrap ; to take. SeelNSNAEE. 

En-snarl', v. a. To entangle ; to snarl. 

^n-sphere' (en-sfer'), 7). a. To place in a sphere. 

^n-stamp', v. a. To fix a mark on ; to stamp. 

En-sue' (en-su'), v. n. To follow ; to succeed. 

En-sue' (en-su'), v. a. To follow ; to pursue. [iJ.] 

En-sur'ance (en-shur'^ns), 77. See Insurance. 

JEn-siJre' (en-shur'), v. a. To ascertain ; to make 
certain or secure ; to secure. See Insure. 

^n-sOr'er (en-shur'er), 77. See Insurer. 

^N-TAB'LA-fuRE, 77. {Arch.) The architrave, 
frieze, and cornice of a column or pillar. 

J^n-tail', 77. {Law.) An estate entailed or limited 
with regard to the rule of its descent. 

En-tail', v. a. To settle the descent of an estate 
so that it cannot be bequeathed at pleasure. 

En-tail'ment, 77. The act of entailing. 

En-tan'gle (en-tang'gl), v. a. To iiiwrap; to 
twist ; to confuse ; to involve ; to embarrass. 

En-tan'gle-mISnt, 77,. Involution ; perplexity. 

5n-tan'gler, 77. One who entangles. 

5n-tan'gling, p. a. Involving ; perplexing. 

en'ter,?;. a. To go into ; to initiate : — to set down. 

fiN'TER, V. 77. To come in ; to go in ; to penetrate. 

en'ter-er, n. One who enters. 

i3N'TER-lNG, 77. Entrance ; passage into a place. 

EN-TE-Ri'Tis, n. {Med.) Inflammation of the 

En-ter'o-cele, 71. {Med.) An intestinal hernia. 

EN-TER-oL'p-cjtv, n. A treatise on the bowels. 

EN-TER-plead'er, 77. See Interpleader. 

en'ter-pri§e, 71. An undertaking of importance 
or hazard j an adventure ; an attempt. 

en'ter-pri^e, «. a. To undertake ; to attempt. 

en'ter-pri§-er, 71. A man of enterprise. 

en'ter-pri§-ing. a. Having enterprise ; resolute. 

en-ter-TAIn', v. a. To talk with: — to treat at 
the table : — to keep ; to cherish : — to amuse ; to 

en-ter-tain'er, 77. One who entertains. 

en-ter-tain'ing, fl. Amusing; diverting. 

en-ter-tain'ing-ly, ad. In an amusing manner. 

en-ter-tain'ment, 71. Act of entertaining : — a 
treat; sl feast: — amusement ; diversion. 

^N-THRALL', v. a. See Inthrall. 

^In-throne', 71. a. To place on a throne ; to exalt. 

*En-thu'§!-?sm [en-thu'ze-azni, F. .J. Ja. K. Sm. 
C. ; eii-thu'ziie-azm, fV. F. ; en-thu'zyazm, S.], 
71. Heat of imagination ; elevation of fancy ; ar- 
dor of mind ; ardent zeal ; fanaticism. 

Syn. — Enthusiasm may be used in a good sense, 
denoting an honest zeal in a pood cause ; or in 
an ill sense, denoting a blind zeal in any cause. 
Fanaticism is used only in an ill sense. Enthusi- 
asm is the zeal of credulity ; fanaticism, of bigotry. 

*,^N-THU'§l-XsT, 77. One possessed of enthusiasm ; 
a visionary ; a zealot ; a fanatic. 

Syn. — A warm-hearted enthusiast ; a wild vis- 
ionary ; an indiscreet zealot i a wrong-headed 

*En-thO-i5I-as't!C, ) a. Having enthusiasm ; 

*En-thu-§i-Xs'T!-cal, \ over-zealous ; ardent. 

EN'THy-MiJME, 71. {Logic.) A syllogism of which 
one of the premises is understood, or not actually 
expressed. [duce ; to attract 

^n-tice', v. a. To allure to ill ; to tempt ; to se- 

En-tTce'MENt, 71. Act of enticing ; allurement 

JPN-TI9'ER, 71. One who allures. 

*, E, I, O, U, Y, long ; X, £, 1, O, tj, f, short ; A, E, I, Q, V, y, obscure.— TFkRB, FAR, FAST, ILL; HEIR, HERj 




fx-Tl^'iNG, j7. a. Alluring to ill ; attractive. 

pN-Tiy'iNG-LV, ad. In an enticing manner. 

^n-tire', o. Whole; undivided; complete; full. 

Jgx-TlHE'LY, ad. in the whole ; completely ; fully. 

JPn-tire'ness, n. Totality ; completeness. 

^In-tTre'TY, n. Completeness ; wholeness. 

5N-Ti'Tl.E,\). a. To dignify with a title; to give 
a title or a right to : — to superscribe ; to style. 

En'ti-ty, 71. Something which is ; a real being. 

^n-toIl', v. a. To ensnare ; to entangle. [R.] 

5n-t6mb' (en-tom'), v. a. To put into a tomb. 

gN-TOMB'jiijNT (eii-tom'ment), n. Burial. 

en-tp-jiq-l6<,j'!-cal, a. Relating to entomology. 

EN-TO-MOL'Q-^^isT, 11. One versed in entomology. 

EN-tp-m6l'o-</^y, n. That part of natural history 
which treats of insects. 

En'teails (en'tralz), »i. pJ. Intestines; bowels. 

EN'tranc'e, 71. Act of entering ; passage for en- 
tering ; avenue ; initiation ; commencement. 

^n-trance', v. a. To put into a trance ; to en- 

JPn-trap', v. a. To ensnare ; to catch in a trap. 

{;n-tr,eat', v. a. To beg earnestly ; to importune. 

jjV-TREAT', V. n. To make entreaty. 

gN-TRijA'TY (en-tre'te), ?7. Petition ; prayer. 

EiN'Til ifeE (ang-tra'), «"• [Fr.] Entrance ; entry. 

EiVT«£p6r(a,ng'tre-po'), 71. [Fr.] A magazine ; 
a warehouse for depositing goods. 

EN'TRY, n. A passage ; entrance ; ingress. 

En-tune', v. a. To tune ; to chant. 

En-twTne', v. a. To twist round. See Intwine. 

E-nu'cle-ate, v. a. To solve ; to disentangle. 

Jp-NU-CLE-A'TlON, n. Explanation ; exposition. 

§-NU'ME-RATE, V. a. To reckon up singly ; to 
count ; to number ; to tell. [ing. 

^-nO-ME-ra'tiox, 71. Act of numbering; acount- 

4^-nu'iVIE-ra-t1ve, a. Reckoning up ; counting. 

^-NUN'ci-ATE (e-nun'she-at), v. a. To declare ; 
to proclaim ; to relate ; to express ; to announce. 

|;-nDn-ci-a'tion (e-niin-she-a'shun), 71. Declara- 
tion ; expression ; manner of utterance. 

jp-NlJN'ci-A-TlVE (e-niin'she-a-tiv), a. Declara- 

jp-NtJN'ci-A-TO-RY, a. Giving utterance. 

Jp-NURE', 73. n. (Law.) To become valid ; to inure. 

jp\-V£L'pP (en-vel'up), v. n. To cover with a 
wrapper ; to inwrap ; to hide ; to surround ; to line. 

5n-vel'op, «. A wrapper. — This is the English 
form of envelope, somewhat used. 

ENVELOPE (Ang-ve-lop') [5ii-ve-lop', S. W. J.; 
6n've-lop, P. ; a.n-ve-l6p', F. R. ; 6ng-ve-lop', Ja. ; 
en-vel'up, K. Wb.; ongv'lop, Sm. ; en've-lop or 
§.ng've-lop, C], 71. [Fr.] A wrapper ; an out- 
ward case. 

IpN-VEL'op-MENT, M. Act of enveloping; en- 
tangleuient : — a wrapping. 

?N-VEX'OJI, V. a. To taint ; to poison ; to enrage. 

EN'Vl-A-ELE, a. That may excite envy ; desirable. 

IiN'vi-ER, 77. One who envies ; a maligner. 

liN'vi-oiJS, a. Pained by another's prosperity; 
full of envy ; malicious ; jealous ; invidious. 

En'vi-oCs-ly, ad. With envy ; with malignity. 

JjN-Vl'RpN, V. a. To surround ; to encompass. 

JpN-Vi'RpN^ or en'vi-r6n§ [on-ve-ronz', S. J. E. ; 
on-ve-ronz' or en-vi'runz, PT. : en-vi'runz, P. C. 
IVb. ; iu've-ronz, F. ; en've-riinz or en-vi'rimz, 
Ja. ; en' ve-roi\z, Sm.], n. pi. Places adjacent; 

£N'vi3f , n. A special public minister sent from one 
power to another ; an ambassador. 

fiN'vo5-SHiP, n. The office of an envoy. 

liiv'vy, V. a. To hate another for excellence or 
happiness ; to grieve at excellence ; to grudge. 

£n'vv, 71. Pain or vexation at another's good or 
prosperity ; ill-will ; grudge ; rivalry. 

5n-\vrap', v. a. To cover. See Inwrap. 

E'p-cn.NE, «. (<Jeol.) JVoting the first of the sub- 
divisions into which the tertiary period of the 
earth is divided by geologists. 

U-o r.l-AN, a. See ^oliax. 

5-6l.'1C, a. Relating to i'Eolia. See TEolic. 

5-6l'i-pTi.E, n. A hollow ball of metal, with a 

pipe, to show the elastic power of steam. 
E'ON, 71. A virtue, attribute, or perfection existing 

from eternity ; — a term used in the metapiiysics 

of Plato. 
e'pact, 71. The excess of the solar month abov9 

the lunar, and of the solar year above the lunar. 
EP-A-NA-LEF' sis,n. [Gx.] {Rket.) A figure by 

which a word that begins a sentence is repeated 

at the end of it ; repetition. 
E-PAN' o-Dus,n. [Gr.j {Rhet.) A figure by wliich 

a sentence or member is inverted or repeated back- 
EP-A-NOR-THoi sis,n. [Gr.] (Rhet.) A figure by 

which a speaker recalls or amends what he 

has said. 
ep'arch, 71. A governor of a Grecian province. 
ep'ar-chy, 77. A province under an eparcli. 
ig-pAuLE'MENT, 77. [Fr.] {Fort.) A side-work 

made of earth, gabions, &c. 
ep-au-let', ?!. \_epaulette,'Px.] A shoulder-knot, 

an ornamental military badge. 
E-pEn'the-sis, 77. [Gr.] {G-ram.) The insertioa 
_ of a letter or syllable in the middle of a word. 
e'pha, 77. A Hebrew measure of 15 solid inches. 
$-ph£m'e-ra. 77. [L.] (Med.) A fever that ter- 
minates in one day. — (Eat.) An insect that livea 

only one day ; the day-fly. 
E-phem'e-ral [e-fem'e-ral, W. P.J. E. F. Ja. K. 

Sm. ! e-fe'me-ral, S.],a. Diurnal ; beginning and 

ending in a day ; short-lived. 
E-PHiiM'E-RAN, 71. (Ent.) A neopterous insect. 
E-phem'e-ric, a. The same as ephemeral. 
ll-PHiiM'E-RlS, 77. ; -pi. iiPH-E-MER'l-DE^. [Gr.] 

A journal : — a calendar : — an account of th» 

daily motions and situations of the planets. 
^-PHfiM'E-R'fsT, n. One who keeps a journal. 
|; -PHEM'E-RON, n. ; pi. E-PHJiM'E-RA. [Gr.] 

(Ent.) An insect that lives but one day ; epliein- 

eran ; the day-fly. — (Boi.) The May lily. 
eph-i-al'tes, 77. [Gr.] (Med.) The nightmare. 
IJPH'pD [ef'gd, S. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; ef'gd 

or 5' fod, W.], n. A girdle or ornament worn by 

the Jewish priests. 
ep'ic, a. Narrative ; heroic : — applied to poetry. 
EP'lc, 71. An epic, heroic, or narrative poem. 
EP-i-cii^Di-AN, a. Elegiac; mournful. 
EP-i-CE' bi-UM,7i. [L.] An elegy ; a funeral poem. 
EP'l-ciJNE, a. Common to both sexes; of both 

kinds^: — applied to Latin nouns. 
EP'i-ctJRE, 77. One wholly given to luxury; a 

voluptuary ; a sensualist. 
*ep-i-ci;-Re'an (124), [ep-e-ku-re'an, S. PT. P. J. 

E. F. Ja. K. Sm. R. C. ; ep-e-ku're-an, fVb.], n. 

One of the sect of Epicurus ; a voluptuary. 
*EP-!-ClJ-Rii'AN, a. Belonging to Epicurus; de- 

voted to pleasure ; luxurious. _ 
*EP-!-ClI-Rtl'AN-l§M or- Ep-I-CII'RE-AN-TsM, [ep- 

e-ku-re'^n-Tzm, IC. R. ; ep-e kii're-fin-izm, Sm, 

Wb.], n. The doctrine of Epicurus. 
EP'!-cy-Rl§M, 7t. Luxury; voluptuousness. 
EP'i-CY-CLE, 77. A little circle whose centre is in 

the circumference of a greater circle. 
EP-l-cv'cLiJiD, 77. A species of curve line. 
EP-i-DEM'lc, 71. A disease that attacks many per, 

sons at the same time. See Contaoious. 
EP-l-DiJM'ic, ) a. Generally prevailing ; gen- 
EP-i-DiiM'j-CAL, ) eral ; affecting great numbers, 

as the plague ; pandemic. 
fip-l-DER'Mis, 77. [Gr.] (Anat.) The cuticle or 

scarf-skin of a man's body : — exterior bark. 
fip'i-noTE, rt. (Min.) A species of mineral. 
BP-l-(iE' DM, n. [L.j Same as periVrc. 
EP-I-GL6T' Tis,n. [Gr.] A cartilage of the larynx. 
Ep'i-grXm, 71. A short poem ending in a point ; a 

pointed couplet or stanza. 
Ep-i-gram-mSt'ic, i a. Dealing in epigrams ; 
ep-i-gram-mAt'i-cal, ( like an epigram; pointed. 
Ei> !-grXivi'ma-tist, 71. A writer of epigrams. 
ep'i-grXpii, 71. An inscription on a building, 

statue, &.C. ; a title. 

MIEN, SIR; MOVE, NPR,.soM; BULL, bUr, rCle.— 9, 9, g, ao/t ; £, G, £, |, /mrrf ; ij as z ; '^ as gi : THIS, 
Hi O 




£p'i-LEP-SY, n. A disease of the brain attended 
by convulsive stupor ; falling-sickness. 

£p-i-lEp'tic, ) a. Relating to, or affected 

Ep-i-LEP'Ti-CAL, \ with, epilepsy ; convulsed. 

£-Pil.-o-qns'Tlc, a. Pertaining to an epilogue. 

Sp'i-logue (ep'e-log), 11. A poem or speech ad- 
dressed to spectators at the end of a play. 

5-PiPH'A-NV, n. A festival in conniienioration of 
our Savior's being manifested to the world by a 
star, being the 12tli day alter Christmas. [ticni. 

t:P-i-PHO-NE'MA,n. [Gr.J (R/iet.) Anexclama- 

^-Piph' o-RA-,n. [Gr.] {Med.) The watery eye. 
— {Rhet.) Vehement declamation. 

E-PlPH' y-SJS, n. ,{Med.) The growing of one 
bone to another ; accretion. 

E-PIP' LQ-CE, n. [Gi.\ {Rhet.) A sort of climax. 

|j-Pis'co-PA-cy, n. Church or ecclesiastical gov- 
ernment by bishops, recognizing three orders of 
clergy, viz. bishops, priests, and deacons. 

^-p'is'cp-PAL, a. Relating to episcopacy ; vested 
in a bishop ; episcojialian. 

!^-Pis-co-PA'Ll-AN, a. Relating to episcopacy. 

^--pTs-cq-pa'li-an, n. An adherent to episcopacy. 

4I-pis-co-pa'li-an-i§M, n. Episcopacy. 

4i-Pls'CQ-PAL-Ly, ad. in an episcopal manner. 

j;-Pls'co-PATE, n. The office of a bishop. 

Ep'i-SODE, ?t. Incidental narrative ; digression. 

fip-I-SOD'lc, \a. Pertaining to, or contained in, 

£p-i-soD'!-cAL, \ an episode ; digressing. 

;g-Pls'TLE (e-pTs'sl), n. A writing sent ; a letter. 
Syn. — Epistles of St. Paul ; a private letter. 

fi-Pls'TQ-LA-RY, a. Relating to letters or epistles. 

4i-Pls'TRp-PHE, 71. [Gx.] {Rliet.) A figure liy which 
sentences end with the same word or phrase. 

Ep'i-stvle, 71. {Arck.) An architrave. 

fiP'l-TAPH, 71. An inscription on a monument. 

EP-i-TAPH'lc, a. Pertaining to an epitaph. 

Mp-l-THA-LA'Ml-UM,n. [I,.] A nui)tial song. 

Ip'l-THET, ?i. An adjective or word denoting any 
quality, good or bad ; a term ; a title. 

fiP-I-THET'ic, a. Containing epithets. 

Jp-PIT'p-ME, n. An abridirment ; a compendium. 

JE-piT'p-MlST or JE-PIT'Q-Miz-ER, 71. An abridger. 

!lp-PlT'p-MlZE, 77. a. To abridge ; to reduce. 

EP-i-ZEijx'is, 77. [Gr.] (Rket.) A figure by wliich 
a word is repeated with vehemence. 

£p-l-zo'AN, 77. A parasitic animal. 

fiP'pjEH ur E'POCH [ep'ok, S. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. ; 
e'pbk, P. Wb. ; ep'ok or e'pok, fV. C], n. A re- 
markable period of thne ; an era ; date. 

£p'p-eilA, H. The same as epoch. 

fip'ODE [ep'od, S. J. E. F. Ja. K. Sm. ; ep'od nr 
e'pod, IV. P. C], 71. The stanza following the 
strophe and antistrophe : — an additional ode. 

EP-p-PEE', n. An epic or heroic poem. 

Ep'spM, a. Noting a species of purgative salts, 
found at Epsom, in England ; as, Epsom salts. 

Ep'u-la-RV, a. Belonghig to feasts or banquets. 

Ep-u-LOT'ic, II. A cicatrizing medicament. 

*E-QUA-BfL,']-TV,7i. Eveiiness ; nniformity. 

*E'QUA-BLE'[G'kvva-bl, S- "^- P- J-P- J"- ^- R- C. 
Wb.i ek'wa-lil, Sm.], a. 'Equal to itself; even; 
uniform in all parts ; equal. 

*E'QUA-BLV, ad. Uniformly ; evenly. 

E'QUAL, a. Like another ; even ; uniform. 

Syn. — Ei]ual in number, quantity, value, &c. ; 
like or alike in appearance, sliape, <Stc. ; even sur- 
face ; eijuable or uniform temper. 

E'QUAL, 71. One of the same age, rank, or merit. 

E'QUAL, V. a. To make equal ; to be equal to. 

5-QUAL'i-TY (e-kw51'e-te) [e-kwol'e-te, fV. P. .7. 
F. Ja. Sm.; e-kwal'e-te, S. E. K. C], n. State 
of being equal ; likeness; uniformity. 

£-QUAL-^-ZA'Tlp.v,7!. Act of equalizing ; equality. 

£'Qi;al-ize, v. a. To make even ; to make equal. 

£'qual-ly, ad. In the same degree ; uniformly. 

E'QUAL-WESS, 77. Equality. 

f-QuAN'Gy-LAR, a. See EquiANOui.AR. {nxei. 

E-QUA-NIM'I-Ty, 71. Evenness of mind ; compos- 

Jp-QUA'TlpN,77. Act of bringing things to an equal- 
ity ; the same quantity expressed differently. 

5-QUA TC)R, 71. A great circle (equidistant from 
the two poles) wliicii divides the earth into two 
equal parts, the northern and southern hemi- 

_ spheres. 

e-qua-to'ri-al, a. Pertaining to the equator. 

eq'uer-ry (ek'we-re), n. A stable for horses : — 
an officer who has the care of horses. 

g-QUEs'TRl-AN, a. Relating to a knight, to a 
horseman, or horsemanship. 

jP-QUES'TRi-AN-i§M, n. The performance of an 

e-qui-An'gu-lar, a. Having equal angles. 

E-Qu'i-CRtl'RAL, a. Having legs of equal length. 

E-QUl-Dis'TANT, a. Beuig at the same distance. 

e-QUI-dTs'tant-ly, ail. At the same distance. 

E-QUl-FORM'i-TY, 7(. Unilbmi equality. 

E-QUi-LAT'ER-AL, a. Having all si<les equal. 

E-QUl-Li'BRATE, V. a. To balance equally. 

E-QUi-Ll-BKA'TipN, 7!. Equipoise ; even balance. 

E-QUl-LlB'Ri-oDs, a. Equally poised. 

E-QUl-LlB'RJ-oDs-LY, ad. In etiuipoise. 

§-QUiL'!-BRisT, n. One that balances a thing. 

E-<iUI-LlB'Rl-TV, n. Equality of weight. 

E-QUi-z/ii'Mi-ifM, n. [L.] Equipoise ; equality 
of weight ; a state of being balanced. 

5-QUI'nal or E'QUlNE, a. Relating to horses. 

E-QU1-n6c'tial, a. Pertaining to the equinox. 

E-QUi-Noc'TlAL, n. A great circle of the celestial 
sphere ; — now commonly called the equator. 

E'QUI-Nox [e'kwe-noks, S. fV. P. J. E. F. Ja. K. 
R. C. ; ek'we-noks, Sm.], n. The precise time in 
which the sun enters into the first point of Aries 
or of Libra, when the nights and days are of equal 

e-quj-nu'me-rant, a. Having the same number. 

fi-QUip', V. a. To fit, as a ship for sea, or a soldiei 
for service ; Xo furnish; to accoutre ; to dress. 

eq'ui-pa(;ie (ek'we-pjj), 7t. Furniture for a horse- 
man ; carriage ; retinue ; accoutrements. 

e-qui-pen'den-cy, 77. Act of hanging in equi- 

|;-QUip'MENT, 78. Act of equipping ; furniture. 

E'QUl-POi§E, 71. Equality of weight; equilibra- 

e-QUI-p6l'lence, 77. Equality of force or power. 

E-Qui-p5L'LENT, u. Having equal power or force. 

E-Qui-PON'DER-A^'CE, 71. Equality of weight. 

E-QUl-PON'DER-^NT, 0. Being of the same weight. 

E-Qui-PON'DER-ATE, V. 77. To Weigh equal. 

l-QUI-ro'tal, a. Having equal rotation. 

EQ'ui-TA-BLE (ek'we-t^-bl), a. Partaking of equi- 
ty ; just ; right ; honest ; impartial ; fair. 

Eq'ui-ta-ble-ness, 71. Justness ; equity. 

EQ'UI-TA-BLV, ad. Justly ; inipartially. 

EQ'ui-TANT (ek'we-tant), a. Riding on horseback. 

Eq'ui-tv (ek'vve-te), 77. Impartial distribution of 
justice; natural justice; right; honesty; impar- 
tiality. — ( Law. ) A court of equity, or of chancery, 
is one for the correction of common law in cases 
in which it is deficient. 

5-quiv'a-lEnc'E, n. Equality of power or worth. 

^i-QUlv'A-LENT, a. Equal in value, merit, or 
power ; equal ; commensurate. 

E-QUl'v'A-LENT, 77. A thing of the same value. 

JK-quiv'a-lent-ly, ad. In an equal manner. 

ii'ciUi-VALVE, a. Having equal valves. 

^]-QUiv'p-CAL, a. Of doubtful signification or 
meaning; ambig-iious ; uncertain; doubtful. 

fl-QUi V'p-CAL-LY, ad. Ambiguously ; doubtfully. 

f,-Qulv'p-CAL-NESS, 7(. State of being equivocal. 

^-Qui'v'p-cATE, V. 11. To use equivocation ; to 
evade ; to quibble. 

^-Qufv-p-CA'TipN, 71. Act of equivocating ; a 
quibble; evasion; ambiguity of speech. 

P-QUlv'p-CA-TpR, 71. One who equivocates. 

Eq'UI-VOKE or E'QUI-VOKE, 91. [equivoque, Fr.] 
An ambiguous expression ; equivocation ; quibble. 

E-QUiv'p-ROUs, a. Feeding on 

e'ra, 77. An epoch ; a point of time from which 
reckoning begins ; a period ; date. 

JP-RA'DI-ATE, V. n. To shoot like a ray ; to radiate. 

i, E, T, 5, V, Y, long ; i, E, T, o, 0, 1?, short ,- A, E, l, p, V, Y, oJscure.— fAre, FAR, fAst, ALL; hEir, HER; 




P-kXd'i-cate, ?). a. To pull up by the roots. 

Sijn'. — Eradicate weeds or vices ; extirpate rebels 
01 errors ; exterminate nations. 

|;-rXd-i-ca'ti9N, n. Act of eradicating; extir- 

£-RAD'l-CA-TiVE, a. That eradicates ; rootingup. 

lE-RAs'A-BLE, a. That may be erased. 

Ip-RASE', V. a. To expunge ; to rub out ; to efface. 

Ig-RASE'MENT, 71. Act of erasing ; obliteration. 

|;-ra'sion, 7^ Act of erasing ; erasure. 

^-ras'tian (e-rast'yjn), 7i. A follower of Thomas 
Erastus, who denied the power of the church tc 
discipline its members. 

JP-RAS'TIAN-I^M, n. The doctrine of the Erastians. 

fi-RAS'URE (e-ra'zhur), 7!. Act of erasing ; rasure. 

*Ere (ir) [Sr, W. j. F. Ja. K. Sm. : ar, P. ; er, S. 
E.], ad. Before ; sooner than. — Prep. Before. 

*Ere-l6is'g' (ir-long'), ".d. Before long. 

*Ere-no\v' (dr-nbu'), ad. Before this time. 

*Ere-whIle' (ir-whil'), a-d- Some time ago. 

Jp-RJiCT', t;. a. To place upright; to raise ; to set 
up ; to form ; to build. 

E-RECT', a. Upright ; not leaning; firm ; intent. 

|;-R)3c'tion, 71. Act of raising ; elevation. 

Jp-Risc'TIVE, a. Raising; advancing. 

jp-RiScT'NESs, 7i. Uprightness of posture. 

4i-REc'TgR, n. One who raises or constructs. 

er'e-mTte, n. A hermit : — a mineral. 

ee-e-mit'!-cal, a. Secluded ; solitary. 

5-rep'tion, 71. A taking away by force. 

Mr' GO, ad. [L.] (Logic.) Therefore ; consequently. 

ER'got, n. A morbid excrescence in grain: — a 
horny siibstance near the pastern joint of a horse. 

J5-RiN'GO, 7!, (Bot.) A genus of plants ; sea-holly. 

ER'mine, 71. A species of animal and its fur: — 
the emblem, office, or dignity of a judge. 

ER'MINED (er'mind), a. Clothed witli ermine. 

5-rode', v. a. To eat away ; to corrode. 

jp-R6'§iON (e-ro'zhun), ?(. Act of eating away. 

E-r5t'ic 07- E-rot'i-cal, a. Relating to love. 

ER-PE-Tol'p-^^Y, ?!. Sec Herpetology. 

ERR (er), V. n. To miss the right way ; to stray ; 
to deviate ; to commit error ; to mistake. 

Er'rand [er'rand, P. J. E. Ja. K. Sm. C. ." ar'rand, 
S. fV. ; er'rand or ar'rand, F.], n. A message ; 
mandate ; commission. 

Er'rant, a. Wandering; roving; vile; bad. 

£r'rant-ly, ad. In an errant state. 

er-ra' TA, n. pi. [L.] Errors or faults in print- 
ing, &c. 

5r-Rat'ic, ) a. Deviating from the right way : 

JJr-rat'i-cal, ) erroneous ; wandering ; irregular. 

)Er-rat'i-cal-ly, ad. Without rule or order. 

er-ra' TUM, n.; pi. er-ra' TA. [L.] An error 
in printing. See Errata. 

Sr'rhine, a. That is snuffed up by the nose. 

Er'rhIne, 71. A medicine for the nose. 

J;rr'ing, p. a. Committing error ; fallible. 

5R-R5'NE-oi5s, a. Being in error ; incorrect; mis- 
taken ; false ; untrue ; wrong. 

JpR-Ro'NE-oris-EY, ad. By mistake ; not rightly. 

fR-Ro'NE-ous-NESS, n. State of being erroneous. 

Er'rqr, n. [L.] A deviation from the truth ; an 
involuntary fault ; a mistake ; blunder ; offence. 

Syn. — Liable to error or mistake. An error of 
Judgment or of the press ; a conwuon mistake ; a 
gross blunder ; great offence ; a common fault. 

feRSE, 77. The language of the Scotch Highlanders. 

ERST, ad. First ; formerly ; till now. 

JjR-y-Biis'CENCE, 77. Redness ; a blush. 

fiR-V-BiJs'cENT, a. Reddish; somewhat red. 

^-RUCT' or |;-Rrjc'TATE,-K. a. To belch ; tovomit. 

fiR-yc-TA'TipN. 71. Tlie act of belching ; a belch. 

£r'i}-d7te or eb'v-dite [er'ii-dit, Ja. K. Sm. R. 
C. Wb. ; er-u-dit', fV. ; er'u-dit, P.], o. Learned ; 
having erudition ; well-read. 

£r-V-di"tiqn (er-u-d7sh', n. Knowledge ob- 
tained from books ; literature; learning. 

'^-R(J'(^t-NOt}S, a. Partaking of copper. 

5-r0p'ti9N, 7(. Act of bursting forth ; burst ; ex- 
plosion : — ofBorcsccnce ; pustule; humor. 

JR-rCp'tive, a. Bursting forth : — having an 

JiR-V-siP'E-LAS, n. (Med.) A painful inflamma- 
tion of the skin, vulgarly called St. .dntkonifsfire. 

ER-Y-si-p£L'A-TOijs, a. Having erysipelas. 

es-ca-lade', n. [Fr.] The act of scaling walls, 

EscAL'qp (skol'lup), 7!. A shell-fish: — indentation. 

l2S-c^-PADE', 7i. [Fr.] Irregular motion of a horse. 

Es-cape', v. a. To shun ; to flee from ; to avoid. 

|;s-cape', v. 71. To fly ; to get out of danger. 

Es-cape', 77. Flight ; a getting out of danger. 

JEs-cAPE'MENT, 71. That part of a watch or clock 
which regulates its movements. 

Es-CARP', V. a. To slope down, as a fortification. 

Jps-CARP'MENT, 7!. [escarpement, Fr.] A slope. 

ESCHA-LOT' (sha-lof), 7!. [e.chalotte, Fr.] A small 
onion or garlic. See Shallot. 

es'bhar, ?i. (Med.) A scab or mark on a wound. 

es-jCHA-rot'ic, a. Caustic ; searing the flesh. 

£s-£;ha-t6l'p-9Y, n. The doctrine of the last 
things ; the destruction of the world, &c. 

Es-CHEAT', 77. A forfeiture by want of heirs. 

^Is-CHE AT'. V. n. To be forfeited by failure of heirs. 

Es-cheat'a-ble, a. Liable to escheat. 

Es-cheat'or, 77. An officer who observes es- 

^s-CHEw' (es-chii'), v. a. To flee from ; to elude ; 
to avoid ; to shun. 

fis'coRT, 7!. A body of armed men for a guard. 

Es-cort' (114), V. a. To attend as a guard by 
land ; to accompany. 

jEscoT (skot), 77. A tax. — It is now shortened 
into scot ; as, " scot and lot." See Scot. 

Escritoire (es-kre-twbr') [es-kru-tor', S. W. J. 
E. ; skru-tor', F. ; es-kru-twbr', Ja. K. ; es-kre- 
twar', Sm.], n. [Old Fr.] A box with imple- 
ment_s for writing ; scrutoire. 

Es-crow', 77. (Lata.) A deed of lands or tene- 
ments delivered to a third person. 

ES'cy-A(^E, 77. (Feudal Law.) A kind of tenure 
by knight's service. [ical. 

es-cu-la'pi-an, a. Relating to ^Esculapius ; med. 

Es'cu-LENT, a. Good for food; eatable. 

ES'cy-LiiNT, n. A plant good for food. 

Es-cuTCH'EQN (es-Mch'un), 77. The shield of a 
family ; the ensigns armorial. 

fis-p-TER'lc, a. Secret, applied to the private 
teachings or doctrines of Pythagoras : — opposed 
to exoteric or public. 

Es-pal'ier (es-pal'yer), 77. A tree on a frame. 

Es-pe"cial (es-pesh'al), a. Principal ; special. 

Es-pe"cial-l'v (es-pesh'al-le), ad. Principally. 

Es-Pi'AL, 77. Act of espying ; secret observation. 

Es-Pi'ER,n. One who watches as a spy. 

ES'P!-p-NA(^E (es'pe-p-naj or es'pe-o-nSzh) [es'pe- 
9-naj, Ja. K. ; es'pe-o-nazh, S7n.i,7i. [espionnage, 
Fr.] Aclose watch ; practice of a spy. 

Es-pla-nade', 77. [Fr.] (Fort.) The sloping of 
a counterscarp towards the open country ; a gla- 
cis : — a grass-plot. 

ps-PoO'^AL, a. Relating to the act of espousing. 

Es-poij'|al§, n. pi. A contracting of marriage. 

Es-pof)sE', B. a. To betroth; to marry: — to de- 

Es-p6ij§'er, 77. One who espouses. [feud. 

Esprit de corps (es-prS'de-kor'), [Fr.] The spirit 
of the body or company to which one belongs ; 
the corporation spirit. 

Es-py', v. a. To see at a distance ; to discover. 

Es-PY^ V. n. To watch ; to look about. 

5s-quIre', 77. An attendant on a knight : — a title 
of a justice of the peace, &c. 

Es-quTre', v. a. To attend ; to wait on. 

Es-say', v. a. To attempt ; to try ; to endeavor. 

iis'sAY (114), 77. An attempt; a trial: — a short 
treatise or dissertation ; a tract. 

Syn. — Essay, treatise, tract, tractate, dissertation, 
and disquisition are all used for compositions of 
greater or less length. A short essay, small trea- 
tise, small tract, learned dissertation, profound 

5s-say'er (es-sa'er), n. One who essays. 

JllENjSIE; MOVE, NOR, s6n; bOLL, BUR, rCLE. — 9, 9, g,so/l!; 0, G,Q.,^, kard; § as z ; ^ as gz. : THIi 




Es'SAY-tsT or Es-SAY'ist [es'ssi-Tst, P.Ja. K. Sm. 
C. \ es-sa'ist,'^. IVb.], n. A writer of essays. 

JES'SENCE, re. The nature, substance, or being of 
any thing; existence: — perfume; scent. 

fis'sENCE, V. a. To perfume ; to scent. 

fls-sfiN'TlAL (es sen'sh?!), a. Necessary ; very 
important ; principal: — pure ; highly rectified. 

5s-si2N'TlAL, re. Something tliat is necessary; 
nature; element; chief point. 

!ps-SEN-Tl-AL'l-TY (es-sen-she-al'e-te), n. The 
quality of being essential. 

Es-sen'tial-ly, ad. In an essential manner. 

5s-s6in', n. (Law.) An exemption ; a person ex- 
cused : an excuse. 

fs-TAB'LlSH, V, a. To constitute ; to settle firm- 
ly ; to fix ; to confirm ; to ratify. 

JEs-TAB'LlSH-EE, n. One who establishes. 

JEs-TXB'LisH-MiJNT, ?!. Settlement; fixed state: 

' — form ; foundation : ^- allowance ; income. 

ES-ta-fette' ,n. [Fr.] A military courier. 

Js-tate', 71. Condition; fortune: — possession in 
land ; landed property ; quality ; rank. — PI. 
Classes or representatives of a people. 

^s-TEiiM', V. a. To value; to prize; to rate ; to 
estimate; to respect : — to regard ; to think. 

^s-TEiJlvi', n. Estimation ; high regard. 

^Jgs-TEEJVL'A-BLE, a. Worthy of esteem ; estimable. 

Es-TEEM'ER, re. One who esteems. 

J^s-THET'lcs, re. fl. The science that treats of the 
beautiful, or of taste, art, &c. See jEsthettcs. 

ES'TI-MA-BLE, a. Worthy of esteem ; valuable. 

fis'Ti-MA-BLE-NESS, re. Desert of esteem. 

ES'ti-mate, v. a. To set a value on ; to rate. 

Syn. — Estimate the value ; rate or prize the 
property ; compute the loss ; appreciate character ; 
esteem merit. 

£s'ti-mate, n. Computation ; calculation ; value ; 
valuation ; appraisement ; estimation. 

Es-ti-ma'tiqn, re. Act of estimating ; computa- 
tion ; estimate ; opinion ; esteem ; valuation. 

fis'Tl-MA-TlVE, a. Comparing and adjusting. 

Es'tj-ma-tor, re. One who estimates ; a valuer. 

ES'ti-val [es'te-v?!, S. W. P. Ja. K. Sm. C. ; es- 
\l'vH\,Dyche], a. Pertaining to the summer. 

ES-ti-va'tion, re. Act of passing the summer. — 
(Bot.) State of a plant in summer. 

JBs-TOP', u- o. {Law.) To bar ; to stop. 

Es'to per-pet'tt-a, [L.] Be perpetual: — may this 
institution be permanent. [toppel. 

Es-t6pped' (es-topt'), a- {Law.) Under an es- 

$s-TOP'PEL, re. An act that bars a legal process. 

Es-To'vERS, re. pi. Necessaries allowed by law. 

ES-TRADE\n. [Fr.] A level place ; a platform. 

Es-TRAN^E', V. a. To make strange ; to alienate. 

Es-tran^e'ment, re. Alienation ; distance. 

ES-TR^-PADE', re. [Fr.J The act of a restive horse. 

^s-tray', re. A beast lost or wandering ; a stray. 

Es-TREAT', re. A true copy of an original writing. 

j^s-treat', v. a. {Law.) To extract ; to copy. 

4;s-trepe'ment, re. {Lain.) Spoil ; waste of land. 

EST'y-^-RY, re. An arm of the sea ; a frith. 

EST'u-ATE, V. a. To swell and rage ; to boil. 

£st-u-a'tioiv, re. Act of boiling ; agitation. 

fE^'V-RiNE (ezh'u-rln), a. Corroding ; eating. 

^r^r-.i/^j-Oi? (a-'ta'ma'zhbr), re. [Fr.] A specific 
number of officers belonging to the same corps. 

Et ccBtera (et-set'e-ra), [L.] These words, as also 
the contraction etc., or S^c, denote and the rest, 
and so on, or and so forth. 

ETCH, V. a. To engrave on copper by means of 
aquafortis ; to sketch ; to delineate. 

Etch'ing, re. An impression of a copperplate. 

F.-TiJR'NAT^, a. Without beginning or end ; infi- 
nite ; endless; perpetual; everlasting; constant. 

E-tjer'nal, re. An appellation of God. 

^-ter'naTj-ly, ad. Without beginning or end. 

B-TiJR'N^-TV, n. Duration without end. 

B-ter'nTze, v. a. To make eternal or endless. 

g-TL'^i-AN (e-tC'zhe-fin), a. Noting winds that 

_ blow at stated times ; periodical. 

e'ther, n. An element rarer and purer than air. — 

(Clicm.) A fluid exceedingfy volatile, inflam- 
mable, and intoxicating. 

5-the're-al, a. Formed of ether ; celestial. 

|;-the'RE-6Ds, a. Formed of ether ; heavenly. 

E-ther-i-za'tiqn, re. Act of etherizing or im- 
pregnating with ether. 

E'THER-iZE.B. ffl. To fill or impregnate with ether 

ETH'ic, ) a. Relating to ethics, morality, ol 

ETH'i-CAL, \ morals ; moral. 

Eth'i-cal-ly, ad. In an ethical manner. 

ETH'ics, re. pL The science of morals ; moral phi« 
losophy ; morality ; morals. 

e'thi-op, re. A native of Ethiopia ; a blackamoor. 

eth'niCj ) a. Heathen; pagan: — relating to 

eth'ni-cal, \ ethnology, or to races of mankind. 

ETH'Ni-CI§M,7i. Heathenism; paganism. 

5th-n6g'ra-pher, ?i. One versed in ethnography 

eth-no-GRXph'i-c AL, a. Relating to ethnography. 

^th-nog'ra-phy, re. A description of nations ol 
races of men. 

eth-no-l69'I-CAL, a. Relating to ethnology. 

5th-n6l'o-(jTst, re. One versed in ethnology. 

Eth-nol'o-^v, re. A treatise on races of men. 

Eth-p-lo^'i-cal, a. Treating of morality. 

5-th6l'p-9Y, re. A treatise on ethics. 

e'ti-o-late, v. a. To whiten by excluding tha 

_ sun. 

e-ti-(?-l,a'tion, re. The whitening of plants by 
the exclusion of the sun's rays. 

ET-!-QUETTE'(et-e-ket'), re. [Fr.] The ceremonial 
code of polite life ; forms of ceremony ; civility. 

Etui {3.-iwe'),n [Fr.] A case for tweezers, &c 

et-y-iviq-l6(^'i-cal, a. Relating to etymology. 

ET-Y-MO-Loqt'i-CAL-I.Y, ad. According to «ty- 

Et-y-mol'O-^Tst, re. One versed in etymologj 

et-y-m5l'p-9IZE, v. re. To treat of etymology. 

Et-y-Mol'p-^y, h. That part of philology which 
treats of the origin, derivation, and signification 
of words : — a treatise on the parts of sjieech. 

Et'y-mon, n. An original or primitive word. 

ED'£;ha-rist (yu'ka-rist), re. The Lord's supper, 
communion. See Sacrament. 

Eu-jBHA-ri's'tic, ) a. Relating to the sacrament 

Eu-jEHA-Rls'Ti-CAL, ( of the Lord's supper. 

Eu'jeHLp-RINE [yu'klo-rin. Sin. Brande ; yu-klo' 
rjn, Craig], re. ( Chem.) A green oxide of chlorine. 

Eu-shol'p-^y, re. A formulary of prayers. 

Eu';eHY-MY (yu'ke-me), re. A good state of blood 

Eu'CRA-SY,re. {Med.) An agreeable temperament. 

Eu-Di3M'p-NT§lvr, re. A system of moral philosophy 
which makes morality depend on the production 
of happiness. 

E0-di-6m'e-ter (yii-de-om'e-ter), re. An instru- 
ment to determine the purity of the air or of gas. 

Eu-bi-6m'e-try, n. 'i'he art of ascertaining the 
salubrity of the air. 

EiJ-Lo^^'l-CAL, (yu-loj'e-kal), a. Containing praise. 

Eu-Loijt'l-CAL-LY, ad. In a laudatory manner. 

EO'Lp-(^'l'sT, re. One who eulogizes. 

'Eu-L.o'qi-vm., 11. Eulogy; panegyric. 

Eil'Lp-^iZE, V. a. To commend ; to praise. 

EO'Lp-(^Y (y>i'l9-j?)> ^- A speech or writing In 
praise of another ; encomium ; a panegyric ; praise. 

Eu'nuch (yu'nuk), n. One that is castrated. 

Eu'NUXDH-i^M, n. The state of a eunuch. 

ED'PEP-SY or Eu-pEp'sy [yii'pep-se, fV. Ja. ; yu- 
pep'se, K. Sm..], re. Good digestion. 

Eu-PEP'Tic (yu-pep'fik), a. Easy of digestion. 

Eu'PHijM-T^M (yii'fem-Tzm),re. The describing oJ 
an offensive thing by an inoffensive expression. 

Eu-phon'ic, I a. Sounding agreeably ; euplion- 

Eu-phon'i-cal,, \ ous ; harmonious. 

Eu-pho'nJ-oijs, a. Harmonious ; euphonic. 

EO'php-nT^M, re. Agreeable sound : euphony. 

Eu'pho-non, n. A fine musical instrument. 

EO'PHO-lvoOs, n. Harmonious; euphonic. 

Efi'PHp-NY (yu'fo-ne), re. Agreeable sound. 

EG-phor' Bl-UM,n. [L.] A medicinal gum-resln. 

Eu'pilp-TIDE, re. {Min.) A rock consisting oi 
felspar and diallage. 

A, E,T, 0,V,Y,long;l, E,t, 6, 0, Y, sAort; A, E, I, p, i;, y, oJ^crere. — FARE,FARjFisT, ALL; HEIR, HER, 




Eu'PHTJ-I^M, n. Extrfline purity ; fastidious deli- 
icacy or atTectation in language. 

Eu'PHV-lST, n. One who uses euphuisms. 

EO'RITE, 71. (Min.) A tine-grained granite. 
Eu-RO-pe'an (124) [yu-r9-p6'?n, S. fV. J. K. Sm. 
R. C. Wb. ; yu-ro-pS'fin or yii-ro'pe-fin, P.]. a. 
Belonging to Europe. — n. A native of Europe. 

Eu'RUS,n. [L.] The east wind. 

ED'ryth-MY, n. Symmetrical proportion. 

EO'STYL,E, n The proper position of columns. 

Efj-THAN-A' §I-A (yi5-than-a'zhe-?i), ) n. An easy 

EO-than'a-sy (yu-than'a-se), J death. 

5-Vac'u-Ant, n. A purgative medicine. 

^-VAC'y-ATE, V. a. To make empty ; to quit. 
^-VAC-u-A'TipN, n. Act of evacuating; vacua- 

tion ; a di-^charge ; a withdrawing. 
E-VAC'U-A-TlVE, a. Purgative; evacuating. 

£-VAC'u-A-TOR, n. One who evacuates. 

4;-VADE', y. a. To avoid by artifice; to elude; 
to shun : — to equivocate. 

Syn. — Evade the question ; elude research ; 
avoid contention ; shun bad company : — one equiv- 
ocates in order to deceive. 

£v-a-ga'tion, 71. Act of wandering ; excursion. 

EV-A-NES'cENCE,7i. Disappearance; a vanishing. 

£v-A-NES'CENT, a. Vanishing; imoerceptible. 

*e-Van-(^el'!C, a. Agreeable to the gospel. 

*e-van-9el'i-cal 07- ev-an-(^el'i-cal [e-v?n- 
jel'e-kal, S. J. E. Ja. K. C. ; ev-an-jel'e-kal, fV. 
F. Sm. R.], a. Agreeable to, or contained in, the 
gospel. See Orthodox. 

*E-VAN-9EL'!-cAL-Ly,a'/. Accordiug to the gospel. 

E-VAN-9EL'l-ci§M, 77. Evangelical principles. 

]p-VAN'9E-Li§M, 77. The preaching of the gospel. 

41-Van'9^e-list, 77. One of the four writers of tlie 
gospel history : — a preacher of the gospel. 

5-VAN'<f E-LiZE, V. a. To instruct in the gospel. 

?-VAP'p-RA-BLE, a. Easily dissipated in vapor. 

^-Vap'o-rate, v. n. To fly away in vapors. 

5-vSp'p-rate, v. a. To disperse in vapors. 

JE-vXp-o-ra'tion, 71. Act of evaporating ; vapor. 

J-Vap'o-ra-tive, a. Causing evaporation. 

|;-va'sion (e-va'zhun), 77. Subterfuge ; artifice. 
Syn. — Subtle evasion; base subterfuge j mean 
artifice; pitiful shift. 

5-va'sive, a. Practising evasion ; elusive. 

5va'sive-ly, ad. By evasion ; elusively. 

EVE or E'VEN (e'vn), 77. The evening. 

S-VEC'TION (e-vek'shun), 77. Exaltation. 

E'VEN (e'vn), a. Level : uniform , equal; paral- 
lel : — calm ; quiet : — out of debt : — not odd. 

E'vEN (e'vn), V. a. To make even ; to level. 

E'VEN (e'vn), V. 77. To be equal or level. 

e'ven, ad. Verily ; likewise ; so much as; still. 

e'ven-hXnd'ed, (2. Impartial; equitable. 

E'VEN-iNG (e'vn-Ing), 77. The close of the day. 

E'VEN-ing-Star, 77. Hesper or Hesperus : — Venus 

_ when visible in the evening. 

E'vEJf-Ly (e'vn-le), ad. Equally : uniformly. 

E'ven-nEss (5'vn-nes), n. State of being even. 

E'VEN-SoNG, 77. A song for the evening. 

Jp-VENT', 77. Any thing that happens, good or bad ; 
issue i end ; incident ; consequence. 

Syn. — Event is applied to matters of greater 
importance than is inctrfcTit. An important event; 
a trifling incident. 

^-VENT'FUL, a. Full of events ; momentous. 

E'vEN-TiuE (e'vn-tid), 77, The time of evening. 

tpvfiN'Tl-LATE, V. a. To wimiow ; to sift out. 

t-vl^iNT'v-AL, a. Consequential; ultimate: final. 

JP-VENT-U-AL'!-TY, 77. {Phren.) A propensity to 
take cognizance of facts and events. 

5-VENT'v-AL-LY, orf. In the event ; ultimately. 

]P-VENT'y-ATE,7j. 77. To issue ; to happen, ff/. S.] 

£v'er, ad. At any time; at all times; always. 
— For ever, eternally. — Ever is used in compo- 
sition in the sense oi ahnayg ; as, evergreen. 

£v'i>R-GLADn:,77. A low, marshy tract of country. 

fiv'ER-GRilEN, a. Verdant thro\igliout tlio year. 

Ev'er-grTjen, 77. A plant green all the year. 

£'jng, a. Having no end ; eternal. 

Ev-er-lAst'ing-ly, ad. Eternally ; without and. 

ev-er-more', ad. Always ; eternally. 
5-VERT', V. a. To destroy ; to overthrow. 

EV'ER-Y, ad. Each one ; all, taken separately. 

ev'er-y-day, a. Common ; occurring on any day. 

ev'er-y-where, ad. In all places ; in each place. 

^-vicT', i). a. (LazB.) To takeaway by legal process. 

l^-vxc'TloN, 77. {Law.) Dispossession ; deprivation. 

EV'l-DENCE,?7. State of being evident; whatevei 
evinces; testimony; proof; witness. 

Syn. — Direct or circumstantial evidence ; posi- 
tive testimony ; full proof; true or false witness. 

EV'I-DENCE, V. a. To prove ; to evince ; to show- 

fiv'i-DENT, a. Plain ; apparent ; notorious. 

EV-l-DiJN'TlAL, a. Affording evidence or proof. 

EV'i-DENT-LY, ad. Apparently ; certainly. 

e'vil (e'vl), a. Not good ; wicked ; bad ; ill. 

e'vil (e'vl), 77. Wickedness : — injury ; calamity. 
Syn. — Pain is a natural evil ; wickedness or si77, 
a moral evil ; — great injury ; sad calamity or mis- 
fortune : — do no harm or mischief. 

e'vil (e'vl) ad. Not well ; injuriously. 

e'vil-Do'er (S'vl-do'er), 77. A malefactor. 

E'VIL-EYED(5'vl-id), a. Having a malignant look. 

e'vil-mind'ed (e'vl-mind'ed), a. Malicious. 

e'vil-ness (S'vl-nes), n. Contrariety to goodness. 

E'viL-SpiiAK'iNG (e'vl-spek'ing), n. Slander. 

E-viNCE', V. a. To prove ; to show ; to manifest. 

fl-viN'ci-BLE, a. Capable of proof. 

E-vin'cive, a. Tending to prove ; indicative. 

JEi-vis'CER-ATE, V. a. To take out the entrails of. 

Ev'l-TA-BLE, a. Capable of being shunned. 

EV-p-CA'TiQN, 77. Act of evoking or calling out. 

E-v6ke', v. a. To call forth ; to call from. 

EV-p-LA'TlON, n. The act of flying away. 

ev-P-lO'tipn, 77. Act of unfolding ; a displaying. 
— {Arith.) Extraction of roots. — (J)/(7.) Tha 
motion and wheeling of troops. 

EV-p-Lir'TIpN-A-RY, a. Relatmg to evolutions. 

5-v6lve' (e-volv'), V. a. To unfold ; to open. 

E-v6lve', v. n. To open or disclose itself. 

^-VUL'SION, 77. Act of plucking or tearing out. 

EWE (yu) [yu, W. J. F. Ja. Sm. C. Wb.; yo, S. f 
yu or yo, P. K.'], n. A female sheep. 

Evv'er (yu'er), n. A kind of pitcher for water. 

EX (eks or eg?). A Latin preposition, signifying out 
of, from. It is prefixed to names or terms o( 
office, implying out of office, late ; as, ez-chancel- 
lor, M-ininister. 

^Jf-X^'ER-BATE [egz-as'er-bat, TV. P. Sm. C. ;egz- 
9-ser'bat, S. Ja. K. Wb.], v. a. To exasperate. 

5)j-A9-ER-BA'TipN, 77. Exasperation ; the height 
of a disease ; a paroxysm ; exacerbescence. 

Ejf-A^-ER-BES'CENCE, 77. Increase of a disease. 

E!f-ACT', a. Accurate; correct; precise; formal; 
particular ; strict ; methodical , punctual. 

jp^-XcT', V. a. To require authoritatively; to de- 
mand of right. 

Syn. — He Macted obedience, cJe777a77ded payment, 
and extorted a confession. 

Ejf-XcT'ER, n. One who exacts. See Exactor. 

Ejf-Ac'TlpN, 77. Act of exacting; extortion; unjust 
demand : — a tribute. 

E3j:-Xct'!-tude, 77. Exactness ; nicety, [ij.] 

E^-Xct'lv, ad. Accurately ; correctly ; precisely. 

E)f-XcT'NESS, n. Accuracy ; nicety ; regularity. 

E]j:-ACT'pR, 77. One who exacts ; an extortioner. 

E5f-Xy'9ER-ATE, V. a. To heighten by representa- 
tion ; to state too high ; to overstate. 

pjf-Xf^-^ER-A'TlpN, 77. Act of exaggerating; too 
high a statement ; hyperbole. 

55f-A^'9ER-A-Tp-RY,a. Containing exaggeration* 

^^-ALT', V. a. To raise ; to elevate ; to heighten, 

ii!f-AL-TA'TIpN, 71. Act of exalting ; elevation. 

PJf-At^T'ED, p. a. Raised liigh ; elevated; lofty. 

Klj-ALT'ED-Niiss, 77. State of being exalted. 

ijJf-SM'iN-A-BLE, a. Capable of being examined. 

t^lf-Xlvi'iN-XNT, 77. One who is examined, [ie.] 

$lf-Xlvi-i-NA'TipN, 71. Act of examining ; scrutiny; 
a careful inquiry into facts, as into the acquisitions 
of students, &.c. 


-9,9,*, soft ; £, jG, c, g, hard ; ^asz;^ as gz : THIS, 




5:5:-Xm'ine (egz-3.m'in), v. a. To try ; to question ; 
to search jnto ; to scrutinize ; to sift ; to discuss. 

IE}^-am:-i-nee', n. One vvlio is examined. 

f ^-Xm'j-ner, n. One wlio examines. 

|;^-AM'PLE, n. Something to be imitated ; a copy ; 
pattern ; model : — something to be avoided : — 
instance ; illustration. 

Syit. — An ezample to be followed or imitated ; 
a pattern to be imitated or copied ; a copy of a 
picture ; a model of an edifice : — an example, in- 
stance, or illustration, to exemplify or illustrate. 

JEjJf-AM'PLER, 71. Now called sample or sampler, 

^Jf-AN'I-MATE, a. Lifeless; dead; spiritless. 

l^i-AN-i-MA'TION, n. Deprivation of life. 

Ex dn'i-mo, [L.] Heartily ; sincerely. 

jpjf-AN'THEM, n. [ejr-a/i-tyje'ma, L.] (Med.) A rash; 
eruption on the skin. 

fiX-AN-THEM'A-TOUs, a. Efflorescent; eruptive. 

£x'ARjeH (eks'ark), n. A viceroy ; a prefect. 

EX'ar-jBHAte [eks'jr-kat, Ja. K. R. Todd; eks- 
ar'kjtt, Wb.],n. The office of an exarch. 

EX-AR-T'ic-y-LA'TlQN, n. Dislocation of a joint. 

.^Jf-AS'PER-ATE, V. a. To irritate in a high de- 
gree ; to prf)Voke ; to enrage ; to vex ; to excite. 

tg}f-AS'PER-ATE,a. Provoked ; exasperated. Sliak. 

.^llf-AS'PER-AT-ER, n. One who exasperates. 

Jjf-AS-PER-A'TiON, n. Great provocation ; anger. 

EX-CAN-DES'CENCE, 7!. A White or great heat. 

EX-CAN-DEs'cENT,a. Very hot ; white with heat. 

Ex ca-tlie'dra [ka-the'dra, K. Sm. Ash; katli'e-dra, 
W'b. Brande], [L.] From the chair: — from the 
bench ; from high authority. 

EX'CA-VATE or gx-CA'VATE [eks -ka'vat, S. W. 
P. J. Ja. ; eks'k9-vat, Sm. C. Wb. Rees, Maun- 
der : eks'kj-vat or eks-ka'vat, F. R.], v. a. To 
cut into hollows ; to hollow ; to make hollow. 

EX-CA-VA'TION, 71. Act of excavating j cavity. 

EX'cA-VA-TQR, 71. One who excavates. 

5x-ci:ED', V. a. To go beyond ; to excel ; to sur- 
pass ; to transcend ; to outdo. 

{iX-CEED', c. n. To go too far; to pass bounds. 

llx-ciJED'lNG, p. a. Great in quantity, extent, &c. 

Jpx-CEED'iNG-LY, ad. To a great degree. 

^X-CEl,',v.a. To outdo in excellence ; to surpass. 

JEx CEl.', r. n. To have good qualities. 

£x'CEL-LENCE, n. State of excelling ; superior- 
ity ; good quality ; dignity ; purity ; goodness. 

Sx'c EL-LE.\-c Y, 71. Excellence : — a title of honor. 

£x'CET.-LENT, a. Eminent in any good quality ; 
superior ; good ; meritorious. 

Ex'cEL-LE>T-l,Y, ad. Well in a high degree. 

EX-CEl.'srdR, a. [I..] H'.gher; more elevated. 

j)X-Cfi\'TR!C, a. See Eccentric. 

!^x-cept', (1. a. To leave out; to exclude; to re- 

^x-cept', ?'. re. To object ; to make objections. 

^k-cv:pt' , prep. Exclusively of ; not including 

!^x-CEPT'iJ\G, prep. With exception of , except. 

JEx-CEP'TlOiN, n. Act of excepting ; thing excepted ; 
exclusion, objection: — cavil. 

.?)x-cep'tiqn A-BLE,a. Liable to objection ; faulty 

JEx-cep'tion-al, a. Implying exceptions. 

fiX-CEP'Ti6ys(ek-sep',a. Peevish ; froward. 

Ex-C'EP'TIVE, a. Including an exception. 

J^x-CEP'TOR, ji. One who excepts. 

gx-CERN', V. a. To strain out ; to excrete. 

$x-CERPT', n. A passage extracted ; an extract. 

EX-CERP'TA, ("L ] Extracts ; selections. 

lEx-CERP'TOR, n A picker or culler. 

J|iX-CESs', n. IMore than enough ; superfluity ; ex- 
uberance ; extravagance : — intemperance. 

flx-ciis'siVE, a. Beyond due bounds ; vehement. 
Syn. — Excessive indulgence; vehement desire; 
immoderate grief ; intemperate habits. 

?X-CES'S!VE-l.v, ad. Exceedingly ; extravagantly. 

Jx-CES'siVE-NESS, n. Excess ; vehemence. 

gx-CHANf^E', V. a. To give one thing for another ; 
to barter ; to commute , to change. 

liX-CHAN^E', 77. Act of exchanging ; traffic; bar- 
ter : — balance of money of different countries : — 
a place where merchants meet. 

5x-CHAN(?E-A-BiL'i-Ty, n. The state tf being 

Jgx-CHANGE'A-BLE, a. That may be exchanged. 

Jgx-CHEQ'uER (eks-chek'er), m. An English court 
where the public revenue is received and paid, 
and all causes relating to the revenue tried. 

^x-CHEQ'UER-BiLL, 7i. A bill of credit issued 
by the authority of the British parliament. 

^x-ci§'A-BLE, a. Liable to the duty of excise. 

^x-ct^E', 7i. An English inland tax levied upon 
commodities of home consumption. 

?x-ci§E', V. a. To levy a tax or excise. 

Sx-ci§E'MAN, n. An inspector of excised goods. 

5x-ci"5lON (ek-slzh'un), n. Extirpation ; ruin. 

EX-ci-TA-BiL'l-TY, n. Capability of being excited. 

^x ci'TA-BLE, a. Easy to be excited or stirred up. 

gx-ci'TANT [ek-si'tant, K. C. ; ek'se-tant, Sm.], 
n. (Med.) Medicine which excites action. 

ex-cj-Ta'tion, 77. Act of exciting or rousing. 

^ix-ci'TA-TiVE, a. Having power to excite. 

Ex-ci'ta-to-rv, a. Tending to excite. 

^ix-ciTE', V. a. To rouse ; to animate ; to stir up. 

|;x-cite'ment, n. State of being excited ; sensa- 
tion; agitation; commotion; movement. 

ipx-ciT'ER, 77. One who excites or stirs up. 

$x-ciT'lN&, p. a. Tending to excite ; rousing. 

^ix-CLAlM', V. n. To cry out ; to make an outcry. 

Ex-claim'er, 77. One who makes outcries. 

EX-CLA-MA'TION, 77. Vehement outcry ; clamors 
— a mark [!] indicating emotion or wonder. 

Ex CLAM'ATp-RY, a. Containing exclamation. 

Jpx-CLUDE', V. a. To shut out ; to hinder from en- 
trance ; to debar ; to prohibit ; to expel. 

5x clO'^ion (eks-klu'zhun), n. Act of exclud- 
ing ; prohibition ; a shutting out. 

i5x-CLU'§lON-lST, n. One who excludes or debars. 

igxcLu'siVE, a. Tending to exclude; debarnng-j 
excepting : — opposed to inclusive. 

Ex-ci^O'siVE-LY, ad. Without admitting another. 

ExcLu'sivE-Nliss, 77. State of being exclusive. 

5x-CLu'sQ-RV, a. Excluding; exclusive. 

Ex-c69'l-TATE, 7j. a. To invent; to cogitate. 

^x-c6(,^'i-TATE, V. n. To think ; to cogitate. 

jix-coy-l-TA'TloN, n. Invention ; cogitation. 

EX-COM-MU'NI-CA-BLE, a. Liable to excommu- 
nication. _ 

ex-com-mu'ni-cate, v. a. To exclude from com- 
munion ; to expel from fellowship. 

EX-coM-Mu'Ni-CATE, a. Excluded from the 
church or from fellowship. 

ex-com-mO-ni-ca'tiqn, 71. Exclusion from the 
fellowship of tlie church ; an interdict. 

Ex cQn-cen'so, [L.] From what has been granted. 

jpx co'Ri-ATE, V. a. To flay ; to strip off the skin. 

gx-co RJ-A'TION, 77. Act of flaying ; a galling. 

Ex-coR-Tl-c A'TION, 71. Act of pulling off the bark. 

EX'cRE-MEiNT, 77. Alvine discharges ; dung. 

i2X-CRE-M£.\T'AL, a. Relating to excrement. 

EX-CRE iWEN-Ti"TIOVS, a. Containing excrement. 

Ex-crDs'cence, 71. A protuberance ; a tumor. 

|;x-CRES'c'i.NT,a. Growing out of something else. 

Ex-CRETE', 7). a. To eject by excretion ; to excern. 

^x-cre'tiqn, ?i. Ejection of animal substance. 

Ex'cRE-TlvE [eks'kre-tiv, S. fV. P. J. F.; eks- 
krS'tiv, ,7«. Sm.], a. Separating; ejecting. 

EX'CRE-TQ-RY or gx-CRE'Tp-RY [eks'kre-tur-e, 
S. W^ P. ; ?ks-kr5'tur-?, Ja. K. Sm. C], a. E.x- 
creting ; excretive. 

JEx-crO'ci-ate (eks-kru'she-at), c. a. To afflict 
with great pain ; to torture ; to torment. 

^x-CRtJ'ci-AT-lNG, p. a. Very painful. 

Px-CRO-ci-A'TlQN, n. Torment ; vexation ; torture. 

Ex-cDl'pa-ble, a. That may be exculpated. 

Bx-ciJL'PATE, V. a. To clear from fault ; to excuse. 

fix-cuL-PA'TlON, 71. Vindication ; excuse. 

5x-cDL'PA-Tp-BY,a. Clearing from imputed fault. 

kx cn'ri-a,'lL.] (Law.) Out of court. 

JEx-ciiR'siQN, 71. A ramble ; digression ; journey. 
Syn. — A pleasurable excursion into the country; 
a ramble in the woods ; an occasional digression; 
9. journey on business. 

5. E, 1, 6, y, Y, long; X, £, I, 6, 0, y, short; A, E, I, p, y, V, oJixwre.— fAre, far, fAst, All,. HfiiR, hek 




Px-CiJR'siVE, a. Rambling ; wandering ; roving. 

Igx-cuR'siVE-LY, ad. In a wandering manner. 

Ifx-ciiR'sivE-NEss, n. State of being excursive. 

EX-ciJR' sus, n. [L.] A literary exercise or per- 
formance ; discussion. 

fx-cu^'A-BLE, a. That may be excused ; par- 
donable ; venial. 

fx-cO^'A-BLE-NESS, 71. Pardonableness. 

Ex-cu-§a'tion, n. Excuse ; plea ; apology, [r.] 

^x-cO'^A-TO-RV^a. Pleading excuse ; apologetical. 

JEx-cu§e', v. a. To extenuate by apology ; to free 

' from obligation ; to exempt ; to remit ; to pardon. 

Jfx-cOsE', n. A reason alleged for doing or not 
doing a tiling ; plea ; apology ; pardon. 

ipx-cijs'sioN (eks-kiish'un),7i. [Law.) A seizure. 

EX'e-cRA-BLE, a. Hateful ; detestable ; abominable. 

fix'E-CRA-BLY, ad. In an execrable manner. 

£x'e-crate,d. a. To curse ; to imprecate ill upon. 

£x-E-CRA'TlpN, 71. Imprecation of evil ; & curse. 

£x'E-CRA-Tp-RY, n. A formulary of execrations. 

EX'e-c Cte, v. a. To carry into effect ; to perform ; 
to complete ; to finish : — to put to death. 

Ex'e-cut-er, n. One who performs or executes. 

£x-E-CU'TlpN, n. Act of executing ; performance ; 
seizure : — death inflicted by the forms of law. 

EX-E-cu'TlON-ER, 7!. One who kills ; specially, 
one who puts to death condemned criminals. 

|;3f-EC'li-TivE, a. Having the power to act or ex- 
ecute ; putting the laws in force. 

JE5f-EC'V-TivE, n. The person or power that exe- 

' cutes the laws, and administers the government. 

JEjf-EC'u-TpR, 7«. One who executes a testator's 
last will and testament. 

Ex-EC'y-TOR-SHip, 71. The ofBce of an executor. 

£x-EC'y-Tp-RY, a. Relating to execution. 

jjj-EC'V-TRfx, n. A female executor. 

fix-E-(^E'sis, 71. [Gr.] The science or art of lit- 
erary interpretation ; explanation. 

£x-e-i^et'ic or EX-E-<ji3T'i-CAL, a. Explanatory. 

.p3f-EM'pLAR, n. A pattern ; an example ; a copy ; 
a model ; plan ; resemblance. 

*e^'eih-pi.a-ri-ly, ad. In an exemplary manner. 

*E5f 'EM-PL A-RJ-NESS,?!. State of being exemplary. 

*5!f'EM-PLA-RY [egz'em-pla-re, S. W. F. Ja. Sm. 
R. C. Wb.'; egz-em'pia-re. P. K.], a. Worthy of 
imitation ; serving for a pattern ; correct. 

Jp^f-EM-PLI-FI-CA'TipN, 77. Illustration ; copy, 

J^^-em'pli-fI-er, 77. One who exemplifies. 

jpjf-EM'PLi-FY, V. a. To illustrate by example ; to 
copy ; to transcribe. 

Ex-em'pll ifro'ti-a, [I..] As an example. 

.pjf-EMPT' (egyi-emf), »• a. To free from; to dis- 
pense vv'th ; to privilege ; to excuse. 

5i-EMP'f ', a. Free by privilege ; not liable ; clear. 

^]f-ElviFT' (egz-eml'), 7i. A person exempted from 
certain services or duties. 

f^f-EMP'Ti-BLE, a. Capable of being exempted. 

53f-EMP'TipN (egz-em'shun), n. State of being 
exempted ; immunity ; privileg-e. 

ex-e-qva' TUB, n. [L.] A written instrument 
recognizing a person as consul. 

P)j:-e'QU!-al, a. Funereal ; relating to funerals. 

£x'e-quie§, 7(. pL Funeral rites or ceremonies. 

£x-ER-ci^'A-BLE, a. That may be exercised. 

Ex'er-ci^^e, 77. Labor ; practice ; performajice. 

Ex'er-ci^e, v. a. To train by use ; to employ ; to 
engage _; to practise ; to use ; to exert. 

£x'ER-ci§E, V. n. To use exercise ; to labor- 

Ex'er-cisj-er, 77. One who exercises. 

Px-er-ci-ta'tion, 71. Exercise; practice; use. 

$)f-iERGUE' (ecz-erg'), 71. [Fr.] A space on a 
medal for the name of the place where it is struck, 
the date, &.C. 

pjf-ERT', V. a. To use with effort ; to perform. 
Syv. — Exert strength ; exercise the body ; per- 
form, labor. 

f/Jf-ER'TipN,7?. Act of exerting ; c^07^ ; endeavor. 

p)f-E'^rpN Cegz-C'zhi<n),«. Act of eating through. 

^X-Fo'li-ate, ?;. 77. To shell off; to peel off. 

f.x-FO-LJ-A'TloN, n. Act of shelling off. 

ipx-Fo'LJ-A-TYVE, a. Procuring exfoliation. 

?i^-Hal'a-ble, a. That may be exhaled. 

Jp:i-HA'LANT, a. Sending forth vapor ; exhaling. 

EX-HA-LA'TlpN, 77. Act of exhaling ; evaporation 

E^f-HALE', V. a. To send out in vapors ; to emit. 

Ejf-HALE', V. n. To fly off or vanish as vapor. 

E)f-HALE'MENT, 77. Matter exhaled ; vajwr. 

Ejf-HAUST', V. a. To drain ; to draw out totally. 

Ei-HAUST'ER, 77. One who exhausts or draws out. 

Ejf-HAusT'i-BLE, a. Capable of being exhausted. 

JE!f-HAUS'TipN (egz-h3.vvst'yun), 77. Act of ex 
hausting ; state of being exhausted. 

E3f-HAUST'L:^ss, a. That may be exhausted. 

E3f-Hi3R-E-DA'TipN. 77. {Lain.) A disinheriting. 

Jgsf-HiB'iT, 7;. a. To' offer to view ; to show. 

E3f-HiB'lT, 77. A paper exhibited ; a statement. 

|;x-HiB'iT-ER, 77. One who exhibits or offers. 

EX-Hl-Bi"TipN (eks-he-bish'un), 77. Act of ex- 
hibiting ; display ; public show -. — a public ora- 
torical performance at a literary seminary :