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Full text of "Pronouncing vocabulary of geographical and personal names; the geographical list ... accompanied with such descriptive and statistical facts as are usual in gazetteers; the personal names comprise ... such biographical facts as are necessary in a book of reference to which is added a complete list of scriptural names, concluding with tables .."

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by 

In'the Clerk's Office of the IMstrict Court, for the Southern District of Ohio. 



A VAXT has long been felt, in every community, for a cheap Vocabulary 
of Geographical and Personal Names, as a book of reference for pronuncia' 
tion, mainly, bat secondarily as a brief guide to the leading items of informa- 
tion connected with those names. This want has been experienced, perhaps 
often unconsciously, by pupils in our common schools, by the poorer portion of 
students in high schools and colleges, and by the mass of newspaper readers 
who invest very little money in books. The thorough student, and the general 
reader who has plenty of means with which to supply every convenience, can 
obtain the information desired in such works as " Lippincoit's Gazetteer," 
" Appleton's Ringraphical Encyclopedia," etc.; but they are too expensive for 
the classes mentioned, and in many cases too voluminous to be convenient. 

In regard to personal names, so far as the publishers are aware, there has 
never before been an attempt made to give their pronunciation in an extended 
list. [For remarks on the importance of calling men by their right names, 
see pages 128 9.] 

But there is another feature of the work here presented, which, in the minds 
of the publishers and of the many school teachers and friends of education who 
have examined the subject, is of more value than either of the considerations 
above mentioned, and demands more than a passing notice. The methods of 
representing pronunciation in the ordinary dictionaries and gazetteers, either 
by marked letters or by figures in connection with them, is so imperfect and 
Unsatisfactory as to be a constant source of annoyance to all who are necessi- 
tated to use them. That the reader may understand the full merits of the 
system of notation employed in this book, we propose to notice briefly some of 
the circumstances that call for its introduction. 

The first principle of alphabetic writing or printing was the representation 
of each sound by a simple character or letter, so that these letters or elemental 
parts, when combined, would be the counterpart of the spoken word a picture 
of the word itself. Such was the Sanscrit, and such, it is evident to every 
intelligent mind, should be the principle of all alphabetic writing, for thus 
the acquisition of written or printed language would be as easy cs that of 


spoken, and there would bo no necessity for Pronouncing Dictionaries and 
Gazetteers, while a disregard of this principle renders the represented language, 
if not hieroglyphical, at least ideagraphic ; that is, the written or printed word 
represents an idea, and can not, as a general thing, be considered as repre- 
senting the sounds of a spoken word. For example, take the word ccugh, and 
what relation does either of the. letters bear to the three sounds heard, as indi- 
cated by the Pronouncing Dictionary, Icoff C can not definitely represent k, 
because in cent it is supposed to stand for , iu suffice for 2, in vicious for *A, 
etc.; and how can o be a representative of the vowel sound in cough, when it 
bus such different sounds in no, son, woman, women, etc.; and u is not any bet- 
ter a representative of this sound, and the two uncertainties together can not 
make the matter more clear, especially when we see them called so differently 
in count, cousin, pour, tour; while g is a poor representative of /, and h is no 
better, and the two together are no improvement, when we view their varying 
sounds in lough, ghost, and want of sound in dough and weigh. Any other 
word, almost, would answer just as well to show the utter deficiency of English 
"orthography to represent the spoken words of the language. There are only 
60 words, in the 90,000 used by English speakers, whose spellings are in accord- 
ance with the true principle of alphabetic writing.* 

Primarily, then, an insurmountable difficulty in the way of accurately rep- 
resenting by means of the Roman alphabet any words whatever, is, in its 
consisting of but twenty-three representative letters, while the spoken language 
consists of upwards of forty distinct sounds! And secondarily, even were there 
a uniformity in the notation used by the different authorities in supplying the 
deficiency caused by employing the Romanic seini -alphabet, it is still open to 
the charge of complexity and inaccuracy, and therefore unfit to be used in 
teaching children a correct pronunciation. 

There are other serious objections to our present orthography as it regards 
teaching a correct pronunciation, only one of which we shall mention in this 
connection, and which has a bearing on the remarks above. It is that it gives 
rise to a slip-shod manner of pronunciation or enunciation. Who that has 
paid the least attention to the pronunciation of the middle and upper classes, 
as well as that of public speakers, has not noticed the great want of care, the 
inaccuracies and diversities prevalent, and particularly how utterly regardless 
of all rules and taste they are iu the enunciation of unaccented syllables? The 
words fall from their lips robbed of all their beauty and interest shapeless and 
repulsive to the educated ear. The fault with the better educated class of 
people is chargeable, to a great extent, to themselves, but with those less for- 
tunate there can be no such plea, and the present English or Johnsonian 
orthography, absurd as it is in structure, becomes responsible here. Good 
pronunciation is in giving the wlwle word, with all its parts perfect; every 
unaccented syllable slumld be enunciated clearly and distinctly nut with 
emphasis but with distinctness. Speakers who are thus accurate are seldom 
found, nevertheless there are such, and it is probable that when phonology 

.For further illustrations of this subject, see "Plea for Phonetic Spelling." 


shall have been generally taught the number will be increased; nay, more, 
good speech will come to be "a common heritage." 

A word further in reference to elemental speech. "It is rare," says Mr. A. 
J. Ellis, whose authority is unquestioned on this subject, " to meet with a 
single elemental work which contains even a tolerably correct account of this 
important subject, and even scholars and professed teachers of pronunciation 
and elocution are generally very ignorant of the latter. Nay, more, the very 
teachers and best investigators of the subject are at variance. Let any one 
peruse the works of the greatest authorities we possess, those of Amman, Jo- 
hannes Miiller, Willis, Wheatstone, Lepsius, Max. Miiller, Latham, etc., and 
he will see differences on fundamental points which are irreconcilable. If ho 
turn to works of minor pretence, as Bell, Smart, Walker, Worcester, and the 
numerous works on elocution, he will find confusion partly arising from igno- 
rance, and partly from a partial view c the subject. While in common gram- 
mars, and in the common treatises of travelers, and Pronouncing Vocabularies 
and Dictionaries, he will find that one person has copied from another without 
understanding him, till words are repeated and sense entirely lost."* So long 
as we have for guides the clumsy system of notation of Webster, the "obscure" 
vowel sounds of Worcester, and the common imperfect works on phonology, we 
may expect no better results. The remedy clearly is the general introduction, 
into all our primary schools, of works based upon, a strictly pJumetic principle t 
and in time there will be a total revolution and a harmony in pronunciation. 

By the application, then, of the phonetic principle, that every distinct ele- 
ment in speech shall have its distinct symbolic exponent, to the representation 
of the pronunciation of geographical words, we have a work that at once com- 
bines the three things desirable, simplicity, accuracy, and reliability. 

It may be urged in opposition, that the introduction of this without being 
accompanied or preceded by primary works will prove inexpedient, and, even- 
tually, a failure. We reply that if this were the first work of the kind offered 
to the public there might be some ground for apprehension, but phonotypy is a 
fixed fact; and its promulgation for several years past, and its introduction 
into primary schools in different parts of the country as a means of teaching to 
read romanically, in the common print, and the generally increasing demand for 
teachers qualified to teach it, have wrought a complete change in our system 
of primary instruction, and stamp phonetics as an indispensable adjunct in 
teaching to read, and the knowledge of it a prerequisite to a qualified teacher. 
When, previous to the introduction of phonetics, did we hear of the first prin- 
ciples of language, the elemental sounds, being taught in schools? Or where 
were the teachers who were well acquainted with them? Even now, in many 
sections of the West and South, instructors as well as pupils are greatly 
deficient in this respect ; but the light of the phonetic principle is opening 
their eyes ; and whether it reach them directly through the phonotypic alpha- 
bet or by means of Charts of the Elementary sounds, newly arranged spelling 
books and readers, or some other channel, it matters not, they will soon all ba 

* Introduction to Phonetic Dictionary, p. xxir. < 


theoretical phoneticians, and will not object to a philosophical alphabet for the 
representation of pronunciation in Dictionaries, Vocabularies, etc., if for no 
other purpose. 

In regard to the availability of the Phonetic alphabet for teaching children 
to read the common spelling in shorter time and in a better manner, than by 
the ordinary method, the render is referred to the Primer and Headers advertized 
at the close of this work, or for the philosophy of the fact, to the Introduction 
to the Phonetic Dictionary, by the same publishers. 

The phonetic alphabet will be found on page 12, facing the first page of tho 
Vocabulary, where, by examining the key W'jrds the sounds of the new letters 
will be readily learned, tho old letters having the sounds they usually repre- 
sent in the old spelling, which are also designated. 


In accordance with the established custom of the best Geographers, we have 
given the pronunciation of the names of cities, towns, rivers, etc., as nearly as 
English mouths can speak them, as they are pronounced by the best educated 
people of tho countries in which they are situated. To do this it has frequently 
been necessary to give two pronunciations, as the same printed word is often 
spoken differently in different countries: as, LIMA, Ls-mq, a province in Peru, 
hut Li-ma, towns in the United States; PARIS, Py-re, a city in France, but 
I'&r-it, towns in this country. 

In carrying out this plan we have been compelled to represent a few sounds 
not provided for in the English Phonetic Alphabet, because not heard in tho 
English language. The most frequent is that of the German and Scotch cA 
and German g at the end of a syllable, which represent the same sound, namely, 
a strongly aspirated h, which we indicate by using the italic of that letter. 
Thus, METTERXICH, Me't-er-niA; LOCHABEK, LoA-^-ber; HAMBURG, Hojm-burA. 

Next is the trilled r, which in French, German, and indeed most of the Eu- 
ropean languages, is often sounded more roughly, even, than in such English 
words as crash, terror, etc., which we indicate by the italic r. Thus, LIERRJE, 
Lt-^r; PKRNAU, I'^t-nv. 

The Welsh I, too, we represent by the italic of that letter, which may be 
called the whisper of the English vocal /, an approximation to which the reader 
may make by sounding hi. Thus, LLANKLLY, Lan-el-t. 

Lastly, is the sign of the French orinasal vowels, or, as some phoneticians 
regard it, the whispered g. It can only be produced by sounding some vowel 
through the nose and mouth at the same time, to do which is indicated by 
affixing the letter n; thus, MONT BLANC, Mum Bloii. 

The French u or eu being very difficult to produce by English mouths, we 
have not attempted to represent it accurately, but give the nearest English 
approximation, namely /; as the vowel in sir, or earth, which is at least as near 
the proper sound aa "u in tub or fur," which Baldwin gives. 



As a guide to the pronunciation of such unimportant names, or names that 
may hereafter come into sudden notoriety, as are not to be found in this 
book, we give the following rules, which are more specific, by far, than can be 
found in any ordinary dictionary. The letters in parentheses, in the Phonetic 
alphabet, have the sounds referred to immediately preceding. 
A. Always has the sound of a in the English word arm, (q) in modern Greek, 
Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portugese, Spanish, Swedish and usually Welsh. 
In German it generally has the above sound, but when followed by h it fre- 
>- qaently has the sound of a, in all, (e). 

In Danish, in addition to the above, it sometimes has the sound of a inol,(a). 
In French, its first sound is like a, in arm, (q); its second like the vowel in 

at, (a), with a circumflex, a, it is sounded very nearly like a, in all (e). 
In Dutch, it is similar to the French. 

In Hungarian, it is like o in not, (o); with an accent, a, like a, in arm, (q). 
E. In Danish is sounded like i in ill, (i), at the end of an acoented syllable; 

in other situations like e in ell, (e), or like ea, in earth, (e). 
The Norwegian is similar to the Danish. 

In French, marked thus, e, it is sounded like a in ale, (a); thus, e, like in 
pear, or ai in air, (a,); thus, e, like e in very, (e), and unmarked, like u 
in up, (u.) 

In Dutch and Flemish, similar to the French. 
In German, when long, it is like a in ale (a); it is, however, more frequently 

short like e in met, (e), and sometimes like ea in earth, (e). 
Swedish, the same as in German. 
In Greek, (modern,) it has the sound of a in ale, (a). 
In Hungarian, like e in met, (e): with an accent, e, more like * in sir, ($ ). 
In Italian it has two sounds, like a in ale, (a), and like e in ell. 
In Polish, without an accent, like e in ell, (e); with an accent, e, like a in 

ale, (a). 

In Portugese and Spanish, it is like a in ale, (a). 
In Welsh, like e in met, (e); when circumflexed, e, like ai in air, (^). 
7. In Portugese, Spanish and Polish is sounded like ee in eel, (e). 
In Danish, Dutch, Flemish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, 
Norwegian, Swedish and Welsh, it has two sounds; first, as in eel, (e), 
second as in ill, (i.) 
0. In Danish, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Portugese and Spanish, is 

sounded as in English. 
In French, Dutch, Flemish, German, Italian and Welsh, it has two sounds; 

first, as o in note, (o), and second, as o in r<ib, (o). 

In Polish, unaccented, like o in note, (o), with an accent, like 00 in good, (a). 
In Swedish, at the end of a syllable, it is like oo in/oal, (m); otherwise like 
o in not, (o.) 


U. In Danish, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portugese and Span- 
ish, is sounded like oo in fool, (o>). 

The French sound of u is not heard in English. It seems to be an attempt 
to pronounce ee and oo at the same time. We have represented it in this 
work by the phonetic e, which is, perhaps, the nearest approximation to 
the true sound English mouths can make, without much vocal teaching. 
Greek nnd Dutch arc similar to the French. 

In German, has two sounds, long likc<v> in fool, (to), short like uinfull, (ta). 
In Swedish we hare represented u by the phonetic o>, though this is not tho 

exact sound. 

In Wel.-h, the sound of is like i in ill, (i), circumflexed, f as ee in eel, (e). 
T. In Danish and Swedish, is like the French , (e). 
In Dutch and Flemish, like long i in English, ( j ) in iff. 
In French, German, Hungarian, (when a vowel) Portugese and Spanish, like 

ee in eel, (e). 
In Greek, when a consonant and before a vowel or a liquid sound, is like tho 

English v; otherwise like/. 
In Polish, like i in ill. 
In Welsh, in a monosyllable or final syllable, as in ill, (i); in the penult or 

antiponult, like u in up, when circumflexed, like ee \afeet, (e). 
Aa. In Danish, sounds like o in ope, (o). 
Ae. In Danish and German, like a in ale, (a). 
In Dutch and Flemish, like a in arm, (o,). 
Ai. In French and Greek, like a in ale, (a). 

In German, Spanish and Italian, like i in ice, (J). 
Au. In French, like o in ope, (o). 

In German, Italian and Spanish, like ow in owl, ($). 
Ei. In French, sounds like a in /ate, (a). 
In German, like in ice, (j). 
In Spanish, ti and ey are pronounced a-e. 
In Greek, like ee in tee, (e). 
Eu. In French, is the same as u, ($). 

In German, it is sounded like oi in oil, (er). 
/a. In French, is pronounced like ia in medial, (i-a). 

It. In Danish, Dutch, Flemish, French and German, sounds liko ee in set, (e). 
(>. In Danish, Gorman and Hungarian, has no English equivalent; the sound, 
however, approaches very near the phonetic e. 
In Dutch and Flemish, it sounds like oo in food, (<n). 
Oi. In French, is nearly like wa in was, (wq). 

In Greek, liko ee in eel, (e). 
Oo. In Dutch, is like o in ope, (o). 
Ou. In French, is like oo in fool, (CD). 

Ua, ue, vi, vo in French, and ue in Gorman, are like the French v, (e). 
Ui, or vy in Dutch, sound like oi in oil, (er). 
Ao. In Portugese, are pronounced almost awng, (sn.) 

tSff" Nearly all of the letters in French are silent in different positions. 


Most of the consonants are sounded as in English; tho following are exceptions: 
JB. In German, at the beginning of words as in English, but at the end of a 

word it is pronounced like p. 

In Greek it is sounded as . 

In Spanish, between two vowels, it is sounded like v modified by w. 
0. In French, with a cedilla, 5, always has the sound of *. 

In German, before e, i and y, like ts. 

In Hungarian c is not used except in connection with some other consonant. 

In Italian, c and cc, before a, o and u, are sounded as k; before e, i and y 
as ch, or tsh, (c,); cc and all double letters, more strongly than single- 
c, followed by e or i, or i and another vowel, has the sound of ch. 

In Spanish, before e and i, as th in thin, (t). 
Ch. In French and Portugese, like sh in shall, (J). 

In German, like a strongly aspirated A. 

In Italian, before e and i, like Tc. 
Cs. In Hungarian, is sounded like ch in cheap, (<j). 
Cfe. In Hungarian, like ts; in Polish like ch, (c,). 
D. In Danish and Spanish, between two vowels, or at tho end of a syllable 

following a vowel, is sounded like th in this, (d). 
G. In Danish, at the end of a word, has the sound of h. 

In Dutch, like a strongly aspirated h. 

In German, except at the beginning of words, when it is always heard as 
in go, (g), it generally has the same sound as in Dutch. 

In Spanish, before e and i, the same. 

In French, before e, i and y, like zh, or s in measure, (5). 
H. In German, is only pronounced when it begins a word. 

In Italian it is never sounded. 

In Portugese it is silent except when following I or n, when it becomes y. 
J. In French and Portugese, is like zh, (3). 

In Hungarian, like ee. 

In Spanish like strongly aspirated h. 

In the other languages like consonant y. 
Kj. In Swedish is sounded as ch in English. 
L. When it ends a word in French, preceded by i, it takes the sound of y; or 

when II follows i in any position, the last I becomes y. 

The same in Spanish. 

N. In Spanish, or in Polish with an accent (ri ), is sounded as y,(consonant). 
Q, and qu, in French and Portugese, are sounded as k. 

In Spanish, qu, before e and i is sounded as k, unless it bo marked with a 

diaeresis, in which case it is kw. 
K. In Danish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portugese, and 

Spanish, has a stronger trill than in English. 
S. lu French, between two vowels, has the sound of . 

In German, at the beginning of a word or between two vowels, it is like 2. 

In Hungarian, like sh, (J). 

la Polish, with an accent, (if ) like sy (consonant.) 


AV. In Italian, before e and f, is like A, (J ). 
ScA. In German, is like */t, ( J). 
&. In Hungarian, is like . 

In Polish, like <&, (J). 
!A. In German, is pronounced like t. 
Tt, and ty in Hungarian, are like ck in English, (q). 

F. In German, except when betwen two vowels, has the sound of English f. 
IF. In Danish, Dutch and German, is sounded very nearly like English 9, 

except that the upper teeth should not touch the lower lip. 
X. In French, sometimes has the sound of or z. 

In Portugese, like sk, (/). 

In Spanish, like the strongly aspirated A. 
Z. In German, is sounded as t-s. 

In Polish, likezA, (5). 

In Italian, like <h. 
Z. In Hungarian, is like zk, (3). 
Zz, In Italian, is like is. 

ACCENT. The French language cannot be said to have any accent, yet there 
is seemingly a stress of the voice on the last syllable in a word, and when any 
accent has been given in this work, it is on the last syllable. Great care should 
be taken, however, in not making so great a difference as in English, but to pro- 
nounce each syllable with such a force as will let each glide smoothly into that 
which follows it. 

No rule can be given for the accent of the German words. And the same 
may be said of the Hungarian, yet with this difference, while the German 
names have a distinct accent, the Hungarian are distinguished by quantity. 
In Italian, Spanish and Portugese, words ending in v, vowel are accented on the 
penult; Spanish words ending in a consonant are accented on the last syllable. 
Polish words or names of more than one syllable are always accented on the 
penult. Russian words are always accented on the last syllable. Welsh words 
are always accented either on the penult or the last syllable. 

Of course, in the preparation of a work of this kind at the present day, there 
can be but little originality, and we have to acknowledge our indebtedness to 
most of the Gazetteers that have heretofore been published, not having relied 
exclusively upon any one. 

The compiler also acknowledges valuable aid received from Mr. William 
Henry Smith, especially in the preparation of the list of Personal Names, to 
obtain the pronunciation of which was often attended with considerable inves- 
tigation and trouble. 

Conscious that there may bo some blunders and inaccuracies in the pages 
thus prepared, for we have found mnny such in the most carefully compiled 
books we have consulted, we commend our labors to the leniency of those who 
may seek to be benefited by them, with the request that they will assist us in 
making them more perfect, by forwarding to too publishers a note of such 
errors as they may discover. 


As a general thing the contractions will suggest the reading intended. The 
populations of towns, cities and islands, are represented by figures and fractions 
that give the number of thousands; thus, 5% immediately following any such 
name is to be read 5,500; but if a fraction only, then the population is only that 
portion of a thousand. In the sentence, "I, c&n and t Switz., 7/^," and similar 
ones, the figures apply only to the place last mentioned. 

Abys. for 








Am. ." 
























Br. Ind. 

British India. 







Can. "" 


Cen. Am. 

Cen. America. 













Den. " 


E. Ind. 

East India. 





Eng. "" 









France, French. 





Gr. or Gre 


Gr. Br. 

Great Britain. 



Gua. "" 




Han. ." 


Hind. - 




Hun. - 







India, Indies. 







Ky. Kentucky. 

Ka. Kansas. 

Kam. Kamtchatka. 

La. Louisiana. 

Lab. Labrador. 

Lap. .. Lapland. 

L. I. Long Island. .- 

Lorn. Lombardy. 
Lux. .-..Luxemburg. . 
Mad. ." Madagascar. 


Md. Maryland. 

Me. Maine. 

Mex. - Mexico. 

Mi. Mississippi. 

Min. Minnesota. 

Mo. Missouri. 

Mt. Mount. 

N-B. N.Brunswick. 

N. C. North Carolina, 

N-H. .... N.Hampshire. 

N-J. New Jersey. 

N-Y. .. New York. 
Ne th. .... Netherlands. 

Neb. Nebraska. 

N-Eng. -.-New England. 
N-Gra. > --New Granada. 
N-Zeal. '--New Zealand. 

. -"North Wales. 

Nor. Norway. 

Oc. Ocean. 

Oca. Oceanica. 

0. Ohio. o 

Or. Oregon. 

Pa. Pennsylvania. 

Pac. Pacific. 

Pan. Panama. 

Par. Paragua. 

Pat. Patagonia. 

Per. Persia. 

Phil. Philippine. 

Po. Poland. 

Port. Portugal. 

Pru. Prussia. 

R.I. Rhode Island. 

Rus. Russia. 

Swe. Sweden. 

Swit. Switzerland. 

S. C. S. Carolina. 

Sp. Spain. 

Ter. Territory. 

Tenn. Tennessee. 

Tex. Texas. 

Tran. Transylvania. 

Trin. Trinidad. 

Tus. Tuscany. 

Tur. Turkey. 

U. S. United States. 

Va. Virginia. 

Vi. Vermont. 

Wis. Wisconsin. 

Yu. Yucatan. 

Zeal. Zealand. 

one ancient. 

b bay. 

ba bayou. 

bo borough. 

o city. 

cap capital. 


com commercial. 

con continent. 

cr creek. 

cy country. 

dep department. 

die district. 

fr free. 

ft feet. 

gar garrison. 

gov government. 

gr group. 

h houses. 



in inhabitants. 


I lake. 

m mountain. 

mil military. 

nav navigable. 

p or par parish. 

pen peninsula. 

p o post office. 

pop population. 

prin principality. 

prov province. 

r river. 

reg region. 

s-pt seaport. 

gt state. 

. m. square miles. 

ub suburb. 

t town. 

ter territory. 


val valley. 

r.jl volcano. 



Aa, fl-q, or H: contraction of old Ger- 
man Ahha; rs in Ger., Neth., Fr. 

Aach, AA, t and r Bad. 

Aachen, fU'en, See Aix-la-Ohapelle. 

Aagard, Q'gqrd, v Dea. 

Aal, 01 or 01, t Nor. 

Aalborg, Ol'borg. c Don., 7%. 

Aalesund, Q'le-sdmd, t Nor. 

Aalst, Hist, v Neth., Bolg. 

Aar, flr, Swit., rs G. 

Aarau, H'rs, 2 Swit.,^4%. 

Aarberg, Ar'bsry, t Swit. 

Aargau, flag's, [Fr. Argovie, flr-go- 
ve,] can Swit. 

Aarhuu*. Or'ho^, s-pi t Den., P. 

Aaron, &'ron, u Fr.; -burg. /> o N. Y. 

Aasy, El, El-R SE, r Syr.(See Oroates. ) 

Aath, or Ath, fit, BJ!., 8%. 

Abaeaxis, fl-bq-kq-Jez, r Bra. 

Abaco, R'bq-ko, Bahama island. 

Abaite, fl-bj-ta, r Bra. 

Abakan, or Abakane, fl-bq-k^n, r Si. 

Abakansk, H-bq-kqnsk, ft t Si. 

Abancay, fl-bqn-kj, t Peru, 5. 

Abanilla, H-bq-uel-yq, t Sp., 3%. 

Abano, H-bq-no, t Lorn., 2j^. 

Abany, A-bqny, t Hun. 7%. 

Abaran, fl-bq-rqn, c. As. Kus. 

Abaaa, H-br|-!^, As. ter. sub. to Rus. 

Abatis Villa, Latin of Abbeville. 

Aba Uj Var, O-bo-co-e-vqr, dis. Up. 

Abba-Jaret, or Abba-Yaret, H-bq-yoj- 
ret. m Abys., 14,913. [of Mich. 

Abbaye Point, Ab-a Pernt, upper pen. 

Abbeokoota, fl-be-o-kdb-tq, or Abbe- 
kuta, fl-be-k<f>-tq, t W. Af., 50. 

Abbeville, flb-vel, ft t Fr., 19^; Ab'e- 
vil, dis and ( S.'C.; vs Ala., La. 

Abbeyfeale, Ab-e-fal, p and 11 Ir. 

Abbeyleix. Ab-e-las, p and t Ir. 
Abbeyville, Ab'e-vil, v 0. 
Abbitibbe, or Abbitibbie, Ab-e-tib-e, 

I, r, Brit. N. Am. [seat, Scot. 

Abbotsford, Ab'ots-ford, SirW. Scott's 
Abd-El-Curia, flbd-el-ki-ri-q, or Abd- 

Ul-Kooree, or Kouri, is In. Oo. 
Abenberg, fl'ben-be?y, t Bav. 
Aberdeen, Ab-er-den, c Scot., 41^"; 

ts Miss., Ark., Tenn., 0., Ind. 
Aberdeenshire, Ab-er-den-Jer, co. Scot. 
Aberfeldio, Ab-er-fel-de, v Scot. 
Aberf f raw, I-ber-f 1-5, B-pt and p Wales. 
Aberford, Ab'er-ford, p and t Eng. 
Aberf oil, Ab-er-fl, p o Ala. 
Aberfoyle, Ab-er-fffl, v and p Scot. 
Abergavenny, Ab-er-ga-ne, t Wales. 
Abergeley, Ab-er-ge-lc, t. Wales. 
Abergwilly, Ab-er-gwit-ls, p Wales. 
Aberlady, Ab-er-la-di, v Soot, [v Mo. 
Abernethy, Ab'er-nefc-i, t and p Scot., 
Abert, 3'bert, I Oregon, [s-pt Wales. 
Aber-Ystwith, Ab-er-ist-wi6, bor and 
Abher, or Ebher, t Per. 
Abilin, fl-be-len, v Syr. [loupe. 

Abimes, Les, Laz fl-bem, t Gaude- 
Abingdon, Ab'in-don, bor and t Eng.; 

t Va.; vs Md., 111., Iowa. 
Abington, Ab'in-ton, p Eng.: v Scot.; 

ts III., Mass., Conn., Pa., Ind. 
Abiquiu, fl-be-k-(6, t N-Mex. 
Abistada, flb-is-tq-dq, I Afg. 
Abkasia, Ab-koj-Ji-q, Abasia, or Aba3- 

cia, fl-baj-i-a, ter Asia. 
Abo, fl'bo, c and s-pt Rus., 14. 
Aboh, fl'bca, Ibo, or Eboe, 8'bcD, < Af. 
Aboite, A-btft, rand Ind. 
Abomey, Ab-o-ma, t Af., 24. 
Aboo-Arish, or Abu-Arisch, fl.'ba>-4 - 

rjj, t Ar., 5. 



Aboo-Girgeh, Abou-, or Aba-, fl-ba>- 

jir-je, t Eg. [v Eg. 

Abookeer, or Aboukir, fl-ba>-ker, b and 

Aboolonio, fl-b>-lu-ni-q, v and I As. 

Minor. [Brazil. 

Abrantes, fl-br^n-tez, is Port, and 
Abries, A-bre-a, v Fr. 
Abrolhos, fl-bnM-yos, rocky is Bra. 
Abrud-Banya, Ob-rood-b^n-yo, t Tran- 

Abruzzo, R-briLt-so, prov Naples. 
Abacota, Ab-sko-ta, p o Mich. 
Absecuin, Ab-se-kum, or Absocom, 

Ab<ecombe, Absecon, t> N. J. 
Abydns, H-bj-dos, c As. Minor. 
Abyssinia, Ab-i-sin-i-a, cy E. Af. 
Acadia, A-ka-di-a, first name of Nova 


Acaponeta, fl-kq-pQ-na-tq, t Mcx. 
Aeapulco, fl-kq-pi&l-ko, main s-pt t 

Hex., 5. 

Acari, fl-kq-re, t Peru, 6. 
Acarnania, Ak-qr-na-ni-a, dep Greece. 
Acra, Accra, or Accrah. fl'krq, cy Af., 

belonging in pqrt to England. 
Aecuraoli, fl-kob-uia-lE, t Italy, 3%. 
Acebo, fl-ta-bra, v Sp., 2%. 
Acerenza, fl-c,a-rn-zq, c Naples, 3J^. 
Achaia, A-ka-yq, or fl-kj-yq, dep Gr. 
Acheen, Atcheen, Achen, Atchin, At- 

cgn, MM and t Sumatra. 
Achelous, Ak-e-lcJ-us, r Gr. 
Achen, fl'Aen, r Bavaria. 
Acheron, Ak's-ron, r ancient Greece. 
Achill, Ak'il, (or Eagle Island,) Ir. 
Achor, Ak'or, v 0. 
Achtyrka, HA-tir-kq, r and t Eu. Rus. 

Aci, <rr Aci Reale, fl'qE-ra-^-la, t and 

-p* Sicily, 19^. 
Aconcagua, fl'kon-kq'-gwq, m Chili, 

23,910; r, prov and < Chili. [J., 3. 
Aequackanonck, A-kwak-a-nonk, t N. 
Acqui, H'kwe, t Piedmont, 7%. 
Acre, fi'ker, or 3'ker, or Akka, fl'kq, 

or St. Jean D'Acre, San-goh-do^k-r, 

o and s-pt Syria, 10. 
Actopan. flk-to-p4n, t and dis Mex. 
Aculco, fl-kcJbl-ka, I Chili. 
Acworth, Ak'wnrt, vs N-H., and Ga. 
Ado, fl'dq, Mich. 
Adafoodia, fl-dq-fA-di-q. t W. Af., 24. 
Adair, A-d^r, cot Ky., Mo., Iowa. 
Adaja, fl-dq^q, r Sp. 
Adalia, fl-dq-li-q, or Satnlieh, Sq-tq- 

li-ye, g and s-pt As. Min. 
Adams, Ad'amz, CDS in seven States ; 

tps twenty-one; v seven. 
Adams, Mount, Ad'amz, Mynt, m Or., 

near Colombia river. 

Adana, fl-d^-nq, c Asia Minor, 10. 
Adario, A-dq-ri-o, p Of 0., Wis. 
Adda, fl'dq. r nor. Italy; prov Af . 
Addison, Ad'i-son, r N-Y., Pa., 4c. 
Adelaide, Ad'e-Iad, c and r Australia. 
Ad-el-Ji-vas, fld-el-ji-v6.s, t As. Tur. 
Aden, fl'den, or U'Jun, t-pt. Ar., 20; 

cape and gulf. 

Adenara, fl-den-q'-rq, i Malay, Arch. 
Aderno, fl-der-no, t Sic., at foot of 

Mt. Etna, 6%. 

Adije, fl'de-ja. r nor. Italy 220. 
Adirondack, Ad-i-ron-dak, f N. Y., 

2000 feet above the sea; ms, highest, 

Tahawus, 5460 ft. 
Adjyghur, Ad-jj-giir, t Bengal. 
Admiralty, Ad'mi-ral-ti, b S. Am.; it 

Rus. Am.; Pac. Oc.; N. Zeal.; sound, 

Terre del Fuego. 

Adony, fl-dony, t Hun., on Danube, 3. 
Adorf, fl-dorf, t Sax., on Elster, 2%. 
Adour, fl-di&r, r Fr. 200. 
Adowa, H'do-wq, (or Adova,) cap. of 

Tigre, Abys., 8. 
Adra, fl'drq, s-pt t Sp., 7^. 
Adramyti, H-drq-me-ti, s-pt t Asia 

Minor, 5. 

Adria, fl'dri-q, t Lomb., 10. 
Adrian, I'dri-an, t Mich., 4. 
Adriauce. il'dri-ans, v N. Y. Q^"' 
Adrianople, Ad-ri-an-ci-pl, cEu.Tur. 
Adriatic, Ad-ri-at-ik, or Gulf of Ven- 
ice, arm of Med. Sea, 500 m. long, 

100 wide. 

Adro, fl'dro, cap Venetian Lorn., 2^. 
Adur, 3'dur, r Eng., 25. 
^Egades, S'ga-dez, it w. coast Sic. 
.iEgean, 8-je-an, sea, or Grecian Arch., 

part of Mediterranean, 400 by 200 m. 
JEgina, Egina, 8-jj-na, or Engia, En' 

ji-a, i Greece, 16: t 10; gulf 50 by 30. 
Aeroe, il're-o, (or Arroe,) i Den., 10%. 
Aeroeskiob'ing, tl're-es-kye-bin, s-pt t 

of above island. 
Aerzen, ^.rt'sen, t Hanover, 1. 
^Ethiopia, or Ethiopia, t>-ti-o-pi-a, 

countries s. of Eg. 
JEtna,, or Etna, Et'na, vol Sicily, 10% 

ft. above the sea. 

jEtolia, E-ua-li-CL, guv. of k. of Gr. 
Af<;anistan, flf-g4n-is-t4n, cy. of Asia. 
Afioom, Afiouin, Afium, H-fi-ifim, or 

Afium - Karahi?sar, - Kq-rd-his-^r, 

'Black-Cattle of Opium,) c As. Mia. 


Afragola, fl-frq-g6-lq, t Naples, 13. 
Africa, Af'ri-ka, great division of the 

globe, third in extent ; 5,000 by 4,800 

miles ; pop. 60,000,000, speaking 150 




Afrikiah, fl-fre-ki-q, (or Mahadiah. ) 

s-pt t Tunis. 
Afshars, or Afschars, flf-Jq>z, tr Per. 

20,000 houses. 

Agably, or Aghably, fl-gq-ble, t Af. 
Agadez, or -es, fl'gq-dez, c Cen. Af., 

formerly 50 now 8. 
Agamenticus, Ag-a-men-ti-kus, m 


Agate, Ag'at, Harbor, n. part Mich. 
Agawam, Ag-a-woin, v Mass. 
Agawan, Ag-a-won, r Mass. 
Agdas, or Aghades. Same as Agades. 
Agde, flgd, t Fr. 9. 
Agen, fl-gan, t Fr. 16. 
Aggershuus, flg'erz-hooz, prov Nor. 


Aghmat, fl^-na^t, T and t Morocco, 6. 
Aghor, flA'or, (or Hingol) r Bel. 
Aghrim, ur Aughriua, Og'ritn, p Ir. 
Agincourt, fl-jan-kmr, (or Azincoart) 


Agio Strati, fl'jo Strq-te, i Or. Arch. 
Agile, fll'ya, or Aglia, fll'ya, t Pied.. 


Agly, fl-gle, r Fr. 

Agno, fln'yo, r Lomb., 50 ; v Swit. 

Agnone, Hn-yo-na, t Naples, 7. 

Agoa de Pao, fl'gwq-da-pq-on, v and 
in, peak of the Azores. 

Agogebic, A-gu-je-bik, I n. part Mich. 

Ag >gna, fl-g6n-yq, (or Gogna,) r Pied. 

Agoona, fl-geb-nq, st w. part Af. 

Agosta, fl-gos-tq, or Augusta, "tf-gifcs- 
tq, c Sicily, 10. 

Agows, fl'gisz, people of Abyssinia. 

Agra, fl'grq, prov Hind., 23,800,549 ; 
the city of the same name has been 
held by Eng., since IS03 ; pop. 96^. 

Agram, Og-roui, (or Zagrab,) cap Cro- 
atia, Aus., 14%. 

Agreeb, Agrib, fl-greb or Agarrib, 
fl-gq-reb, m. Eg. off gulf Suez. 
Can be seen 100 m. 

Ague Calieute, . fl'gwq Kq-le-6a-ta, 

Aguas Calientes, fl'gwqs Kq-le-en-tes, 
ft Mex., 81%; c 20. 

Aguachapa, fl-gwq-qq-pq, t Gua. 

Aguadilla, fl-gwq-del-yq, s-pt t Antil- 
les, Porto Rico. 

Agua Duloe, fl'gwq DdEl-sa, or Texas. 

Agua Fria, fl'gwq Fre-q, v N-Mex.; 
f and cr Cal. 

Agua Nueva. .fl'gwq Nwa-vq, 

Aguapehi, fl-gwq-pa-he, r Bra. 

Agua, Volcan de, Vol-kqn-da fl'gwq, 
m. Cen. Am. 

Agueda, fl-ga-<lq, r Sp. 

Aguila, fl'ge-lq or Ag'wil-a, cr Tex. 

Ahanta, fl-h^n-tq, k At. 

Ahascragh, fls'krq, or fls'krq/j, t and 

p Ir. 
Ahmedabad, fl'med-q-b4d, di and o 

Hin., 100. 
Ahuiednuggur, fl-med-nng-ur, die and 

c Hin.. 20. 

Ahmood, fl-mcbd, t Brit. Ind. 
Ai, *, p o 0.; r Rus.; t Fr. 
Aidin, ifr-dea, ( Idea or Guzzel-Hissar,) 

t As. Tur. 

Aigash, 3-gqJ, or Aigas, 3-gqs, i Scot. 
Aigues Morte.s, Sg'murt, t Fr. 4. 
Aiguille, 3-ggly, m Fr. 
Ain, An, r and dep Fr. 
Aintab, *n-tqb, t As. Tur., 20. 
Air, &r, t Pa.; p o Mo. 
Airdrie, Ar'dre, lx>r and t Scot., 14]^. 
Aire, Ar, t Fr.: r Eng. 
Aisne, tin, or En, r and dep Fr. 
Aitkin, iit'kin, I and ferry Min. 
Aix, aks, c Fr., 27J4; < Sar. 
Aixe, aks, t Fr. 2%. 
Aix He d', 81-daks, i and mil ft and 

TO Fr. 
Aix-La-Chapelle, Iks-lq-Jq-pel, c of 

Prus., 45)^. 
Ajaccio, fl-yqt-qo, or Ajazzo, fl-y^t- 

so, s-pt and cao Corsica, 11%; Na- 
poleon Bonaparte's birth place, 1769. 
Ajan, fl-jqn, country of Af. 
Ajeho, J<-ye-hii, c Mantchooria, 60. 
Ajmeer, flj-mer, (or Raj pootana ) />ro* 

and c India, 25. 

Akerman, fl'ker-mqn, t Bessarabia, 26. 
Akhalzikh, or Akalzik, fl-Aql-zeA, o 

As. Rus., 10. 

Ak-Hissar, flk'his-ar, t As. Minor, 6. 
Akootan, or Akutan, fl-ka>-tqn, i and 

vol Aleutian series. 
Akowaay, fl-ko-wj, / Guin., 8. 
Akron, Ak'ron, v N-Y. t O., 4>. 
Aksai, Hk-sj, f and Circassia. 
Akshehr, or Akscher, flk-Ja-her, 

and I As'. Tar. 
Aksoo, or -ou., Bk-s(&, t and r Chinese 


Akstafa, flk'stq-fq, r and val As. Geo. 
Alabama, Al-a-bq-ma, Am. st 50,772 

s. in.; pop., in 1850, 42&% whites, 

2J^ free blacks, 342% slaves, total, 

771V; representative pop., 634}^; 

cap Mobile ; r navigable 480 m. 
Alabama, (or Big Sandy Creek) and 


Alachua, A-laq-q,-a, co in Florida. 
Aliusrane, Al-a-kran, u Gulf Mex. 
Alaculsa, Al-a-knl-sa, or Ga. 
Ala-Dagh. fl'lq-dqg, m As. Tur. 
Alaghez, fl-lq-gez, (or All-) vol m Arm. 



Alagoa, fl-lq-ga-q, ( and dig island St. 


Alagoas, fl-lq-g6-qs,/>r00 Bra., 220; c 4. 
Alagon, fl-lq-gon, r Sp., 120. 
Alais, H-la, t. Fr. 18%. 
Alajuela, H-lq-hdo-a-Iq, c Costa Rica, 10. 
A 1. nuance, (or Alle-) H'la-inans, cr 

and co N. C. 
Alaincda, H-lq-ma-dq, t Sp.; co Cal.: 

N-Mex. [ft. Tex. 

Alamo, Al'iv-mo, 1) la., Mich., Cal.; 
Alamos, Lo., Los A'lq-mos, t Mex. 10. 
Alan, Al'aji, (orCatnel) r Eng. 
Aland, R/land, or Oland, O'land, 

eighty islands Gulf Bothina, 15. 
Alapaha, A-lap-a-ho, v and r Ga., 100m. 
Alaqua, Al'a-kwe, v and r Florida. 
Alasea, H-lq-sa-q, (or Alasey, -ej) r 

Ala-Shehr, fl-lq-Jer, or Ala-Schehr, 

fl-lq-Ja-her, c As. Mi., 15. 
Alaska, or Aliaska, Hl-yq^s-kq, pen 

Rus. Am. 

Alatamaha. See Altamaha. 
Alausi, fl-lu-se, vol Andes, t Ecuador. 
A lava, A-lq-vq, prov n. part Sp. 
Alba, fll'bq, ts Pied., Nap.; Al'ba t Pa. 
Alba Longa. See Albano. 
Albania, Al-ba-ni-a, [Turk. Arnaood- 

lik, -tleck, -outlik,] country Eu. 

Tur., 1,600,000. 
Albano, fll-bq-no, e It. 5J^; t Nap.; 

/ aud m It. 
Albany, 91'ba-ni, co and cap N-Y., 60: 

r ft and dis Br. N. Am.; div. Cape 

of Good Hope ; is Ga., 111., and r 

in many states. 

Albay, fll-bj, vand t Philippine Is., 13. 
Albemarle, Al-be-mqrl, t Fr.; co Va.; 

Sound, N. E. part N. C. 
Alberche, fll-bsi/'-qa, r Sp. 148 m. 
Alberes, fll-b4,r, nut part of Pyrenees. 
Albia, Al'bi-a, co t Iowa. 
Albion, Al'bi-on, anc. name Gr. Brit- 
ain; co ts N-Y., la., 111., and numer- 
ous vs. 

Albuera, Al-bm-a-rq,, r Sp. 
Albufeira, fll-boo-fa-e-rq, e-pt Port. 
Albufera, Hl-boa-fa-rq, I Sp. 
Albuquerque, fll-biD-ker-ka, t N-Mex. 

tsCar. S.-a. 

Alburg, 91'burg, p o; -Springs, Vt. 
Alby, or Alby, fll'be, or fli-b^, c Fr., 

whore, on account of the religious 

wars, the Protestants received the 

name of Alliigenffg. 13%. 
Albyn, or Albinn, fll'ben, anc. name Sc. 
A leal a de Henares, Hl-kq-14-da En-^- 

rea, e Sp., in 1768, 22, now 3K; 
. la-Real, Iq-Ra-qM, o Sp. 11^. 

Alcamo, fll'kq-mo, t Sic. 15. 
Alcantara, fll-k^n-tq-rq, ft t Sp.; r 

Sic.; t Bra. 

Alcaraz, fll-kq-rqVt, t Sp. 7^. 
Alcazar, (or Alcacer) de San Juan, 

fll-k^-ter da Sqn-hcO-^n, t Sp., 7)^. 
Aleester, (or Awlster) 91'ster, t Eng. 


Alcona, Al-k6-na, co Mich. 
Alcovy, Al'kt>-vi, r Ga. (CTlcofauha- 


Alcoy, fll-k6-R, t Sp., 27 ; also r. 
Aldan, Hl-dqn, r 300, and m Siberia. 
Aldborough, (or Aldburg) Old'bur-o, 

s-}>t t Eng., lj^ ; also, market t 2%. 
Aide, eid. r Eng. 
Alden, 01'den, t N-Y. 2% ; v 111. 
Aldenville, Aldenbrook, and similar 

combinations, have the first syllable 

pronounced alike. 
Alderney, (or Aurigny,) 01'der-ni, * 

Eng. Channel, 1. 
Aldstone, Gld'ston, (or Alston-Moor) 

t Eng. [Port. 

Alemtejo, (or -en) fl- Ion -16-30, prov 
Alengon, fl-lon-son, e Fr. 14%. 
Aleppo, A-16p-o, (Haleb ur Halob es 

Shabba) c As. Tur.; prev. to earth- 

quake 1822, pop. 200, now 60 to 80. 
Alessandria, R-les-qn-dri-q, c Pied- 

mont, 19, wiih suburbs 40. 
Aleutian, A-h\,-Ji-an, w (volcanic) 

Rus. Am. 
Alexander, Al eks-au-der, various cos 

and ts U. S. 
Alexandria, Al-eks-an-dri-a, s-pt c 

Eg.; before the war with Caesar, 

and the burning of the libraries, its 

population was 600,000 when it went 

down to 6,000 : it has now 80,000. 
Alexandria, c Va., 8% ; various U 

and vs U. S. 

Alford, Ol'ford. t Eng., 2. 
Alfordsville, 01'fordz-vil, ts N. C., la. 
Alfred, Al'frod, ts. and i's Me., 0., 

N-Y., &c. 

Alfreton, Al'fre-ton. t Eng., 8^. 
Algarve, (or -bia) Hl-ga/'-va, }ir-iv 

Algeeiras, (or -zi,) Al-jez-e-ras, [Sp. 

Hl-Aa-te-ras,] s-pt t Sp.. 11. 
Algeria, Al-je-ri-u, [Fr. fll-;<a-r] ter 

Nor. Af., Fr. colonial province; 90,000 

s. in.; native pop. 2 mil.; European, 


Algiers, HI-jerz, cap. Algeria, 94)^, 
half European ; v op. N-Orleans, La. 
Algoa, Al-g6-a, b S. E. coast Af. 
Algoma, Al-g(i-ma, v Wis. 
Algouac, Al-go-iiak, t Mich. 



Algonquin, Al-gon-kwen. Am. Indians 

nearly extinct; tv? 0., Mich., 111. 
A.lharna, Hl-hq-mq, t Sp., 6. 
Aliiambra, Al-hiui-bra, 111. 
Alaska, fll-yqs-kq, pen Rus. Am. 
Alicante, H-le-kqn-ta, prov and s-pt c 

Sp., 19. 
AJicatJ., (fir Licata) H-le-kq-tq. s-pt t 

Sic., 13>. [I. 

A.licadi, fl-le-kdo-de, w. Lipari Islands, 
Alida, A-lj-du, t III. 
Alip-e, Hii-pe, s-nt t Hin. 13. 
Ali.X'in, H-liks on, v Ft., 2%. 
Alkaisaresyeh, (or -seria) Hl-kj-ser-e- 

ye, t M ; >r. 8. 

AlkflMM (nr -nrier) Alk-mq>, tHo\., 9. 
Alkosh, fll-krif ft t As. Tur., 3. 
All ih:ib id, ii-lq-bq-bqd, t Hin., in 

13 !2, (54%. 

Allaire, fl-l^r, Fr., 2. [X-J. 

Atlamuchy, (r -chec) Al-a-indb-qi, -v 
Allan, Al'an, two rs Scot. 
Alle, A'ls, /-East Prus., 115. 
Albgin, Al'e-gun, wand v Mich. 
Allnghany,* Al-g-gd-ni, r Pa.; range 

OTS Pa., ML, Va.; COS Pa., N-Y., 

Ml., Va.; os X-Y., and Pa. 

ity, opposite Pittsburg, Pa., 

Allen, Al'en, numerous cos and ts in 

tin Uf S., with various cotnbina- 

tion-i. [Pa., 6. 

Alliintown. thu most prominent, co t 
Allianoe. A-lj-ans, t 0. 
Allier, H-lc-a, r Fr., 230 m. 
AUig-itor, Al-i-ga-tor, r X. C.; t Fa. 
Allisonia, At-i-sa-ni-a, t Tenn, 
Alloa, Al'o-a, s-pt t Scot., 5%. 
Allomikee, Al-o-ma-kg, co Iowa. 
Alloway, Al'o-wa, X-Y. 
All-Saints Hay, 91-Sants Ba, on the 

coast of Brazil. 

Ahni. fll'mq,, r RIH., in the Crimea. 
Almaden, Rl-mq,-den, t Sp., 8^. 
Almigro, Hl-mq-gro, c Sp., ltW|. 
Almaiee, (r -li) fll-mq-le, i As. Tur. 


Alma.s. Ol'mo.r, t Hun, 8}^. 
Alm:vz:vrron, fll-mq-tq-rt>n, t Sp., 6%. 
Almeida, Hl-ma-e-dq, ft t Por., 6>^; 

t Bra., 4. 

Almsria, fll-mn-rg-q, s-pt c Sp., 17%., fl'nvmi, two rsScot.; t-sX-Y., 

Ala., WK 

Almont. Al-mont, v Mich. 
Alne, flln, three r* Eng. [7%. 

Alnwick, or Alenwiek, An'ik, t Eng., 

Alost, fl'lost, t Bsl., 15. 

Alpena, Al ps-na, co Mich. 

Alps, Alps, in Eu.: extending through 

part of Swit., Fr., It., Bav., Aus., 

and Tur., varying from 10,000 to 

15,800 ft.' in height. 
Alsaco, fll-sq>, one of the old German 

prov., ceded to France 1613. 
Al-ien, Hl'sen, is Den., in the Baltic 


Alstead, fll'sfced, t New Hampshire. 
Alston, fll'sten, i Xorway. 
Alster, fll'ster, r Hen. 
Altai, fll-tj, m Sib., rich in gold, sil- 
ver, copper, &o. 

Altamaha, 91'ta-ma-he, r Geo., navi- 
gable 140 miles. 
AUainini, fll-tq-mB-rq, t Max. 
Altamont, Al'ta-tnont, v Ten. 
Altaraura, fll-tq-rnub-rq, t Naples, 1(5. 
Altenburg, Al'ten-burg, duchy and c 

Ger., U%. 
Alton, Al'ton. t Eng., 3)^; c 111., 4 ; 

ts Maine, X-H., X-Y., Tex., 0., 

Altona, B.l'to-na, (or Altena,) second 

c Den., 37. 

Altoona. Al-to6-na. v Pen., 2%. 
Altorf, fll'torf, (or Altdorf,) t Swit. 
Alvarado, fll-vq-rq-do, t and r Mex. 
Alzey, flit/si, t Hesse Darmstadt, 4j^. 
A mac ura, H-mq-kA-rq, r S. Am. 
Atnager, fl'mq-ger, (or Amak,) i Dan. 
Amilfi, R-mql-fe, c and s-pf Xaples, 

popi once, 50 now 4. 
Amambahi, fl-mim-bq-e, or Amam- 

bay, fl.-mqm-bj. m and r S. Am. 
Amanda, A-man-da, various ts and * 

U. S. 

Amarante, fl-mq-r^n-ta, t Port., 4. 
Am-vrapoora, Amarapura, Hm-q-ra- 

pjo-ra, ft c Burm., in 1800 175 ; now 

much reduced. 
Amasia, Amasieh, or Amasiyah, fl-mq'- 

se-a, c As. Min., 25. 
Amatitlan, fl-mq-te-tlqn, or Amititan, 

fl-mq-te-tqn, t Gua. 12. 
Amaxichi, fl-mqks-E-ke, s-pt t Ionian 

Island, S;nta Maura, 6. 
Amazon, Am'a-zon, largest r not only 

of S. Am., but of the globe ; length 

4000 miles; breadth of the largest 

mouth, 93 miles: but the two, with 

the island included, cover a width 

of 250 m.: v 111. 
Ambato, Hm-bq-to, {or Hambato,) t 

EC., 12. 

* All considerate persons will unite with the editors of Lippincptt's Gazeteor 
In giving but one orthography to this name. 




Amberg, flm'berg, t Bav., 11. 

Ambort, Oh-b4r, t Fr., 8>^. 

Amboise, Oh-bwqz, t Fr., 4%. 

Amboy, Ain-b<fr, various vg U. S. 

Amboyna, or Amboina, ftm-btr-nci, i 
Malay Arch., 29}; c7 < 8^. 

Ambriz, Am'briz, or Hin-brez, ind. 
Negro kingdom Af. 

Ambrosia, Am-brci-^i-a, p o Iowa. 

Amelia, A-me-li-d, t and en Vir., v 0. 

Amenia, A-me-ni-a, v N-Y. 

America, A-me'r-i-ka, with the excep- 
tion of Asia, the largest division of 
the globe. North, entire coast 
line 22,800 tn ; area 8.000,000 s. m.; 
divided into six political organiza- 
tions, viz., Danish America or Green- 
land ; Brit. Am., Rus. Am., U. S., 
Mex., and Cen. Am.; entire pop., in 
1854, exceeded 40,000,000. Cen- 
tral, is the narrow strip of land unit- 
ing North and South Am.; length 
800 or 900 m.; its breadth from 20 to 
400 m.; area 200,000 s. m.; the states 
of Gua., San Sal., Hon., Nic., and 
Costa Rica, though nominally re- 
publican, are ruled by military des- 
pots; total pop. 2,146,000. 'South, 
is a vast peninsula, of about 6,500,000 
s. m.; comprising the republics of 
N. Gran., Yen., EC.; Brit., Fr., and 
D., GUI.: Pe., Bol., Ch., the United 
Prov. of La Plata, Par., Urn., Bra., 
Pat., Tor. del Fue., the Falk. and 
other islands ; entire pop. 16,000,000. 
r central Cal. 

Americus, A-mer-i-kus, vs Geo., Ind. 

Amersfort, or Amorsfoort, fl'mers-fcwt, 
t Neth., 13. 

Ames, Hraz, v N-Y. 

Ainga, flm-gq, r Si., 460 m. 

Arahara, flm-hq-rq, k Abys. 

Amherst, Ain'erst, s-pt t Brit. Ind., 5.; 
c and t Vir., ts Me., N-H., Mass., 
(seat of Amherst College,) 3.; 0. 

Amhertsburgh, Am'erst-burg, gar t 

c. w., iy 3 . 

AmicaloU, A-raik-a-lo-la, p o Geo. 
Amicu, fl-me-kdb, or Amucu, 3.-ma>-ka>, 

I South Am. 

Amiens, fl-me-an, t Fr., 52^. 
Amite, Am-et, r Miss., Lou., co Miss. 
Amity, Am'i-ti, various vs U. S. 
Amlwch, Am'look, s-pt t N. W. 
Arnraer, or Atnper, flm'per, r Ger. 
Ammonoosuck, Am-o-nifc-suk, upper 

and lower, r N-H. 
Amol, fl-mol, c Per., 35 to 40. 
A mui i, Amou, or Amu, il-mA, r Cen. 

As., 1300 m. 

Arnoor, Amour, Amur, fl-mc&r, r E. 

As., 2200 m. 
Atnorgos, or Amorgo, H-m6r-go, Ore, 

Arch., 2%. 

Amoskcog, Ara-os-keg, v N-H. 
Amoy, fl-inff, (or Emuui,) -pt t China, 

pop. 250. 

Amphila, Rm-fe-la. b and i Red Sea. 
Amphitrite, Am-fi-trj-te. i* China Sea. 
Amrawutti, Bin-ra-wut-e, or Ainara- 

vati, Hin-a-ra-vq-tg, t. Ind, 
Amritsenr, Amritsir, flm-rit-ssr, c of 

Punjab, Hind., 115. 
Amsterdam, Hin-stcr-d(^m, c, cap Hoi., 

228% ; * N-Y., Vir., O., la., Iowa. 
Anabara, fl-nq,-bq-roj, r Si. 400 m. 
Anachuana, H-nq-qtD-Oj-nq, 11 and i 

Isthmus of Panama. 
Anac;xja, An-a-k6-ka, p o La. 
Anacostia, An-a-kiM-ti-a, p o Dis. Col. 
Anadarco, An-a-dojr-ko, p o Tex. 
Anadeer, Anadir, or Anadyr, H-nq- 

der, r N. E. Asia, in Siberia. 
Ann-jni, fl-nqn-ye, t It. 
Anagua, fl-nq-gwq, p o Tex. 
Anahuac, Hn-q-wqk, table-land, m and 

v Tex. 
Anam or Annam, fl-nqm, E^npire of 

Cochin China, pop. 12,000.000. 
Anitmaboe, fl-nq-uaa-bu, Brit, ft Af., 


Anaiuirapucu, fl-nq-tni-rq-pott-kdb, r 

Bra., 200 m. 

Anam'isa, An-a-m6-sa, v Iowa. 
Anandsile, An'an-dal, v Pan., Vir. 
Anapa, fl-nq-pq, s-pt t Russian Cir. 
Anaquasscook, An-a-ku-as-kuk, p o 

N-Y. [Va. 

Anastasia, An-a-sta-Ji-a, f e. coast 
Anatolia, fln-a-to-U-a, or Anadolia, 

fl-nq-dd>-li-a, (written also Anadoli 

and Natolia,) pen.; pashalic of Tur. 

in As., identical with Asia Minor, 

area 270,000 sq. m.; pop. 4,500.000. 
Anava, fl-nq-vo,. or Guanahau, Gwq- 

nq-hi, r Brazil, 200 in. 
Anazo, fl-n^-zo, (or Hanazo,) r Abys. 
Ancach, fln-kqq, dep North Peru. 
Ancaster, An'kas-ter, v Canada West. 
Ancholme, An'qulm, r Eng. 
Anchor, An'kor, *' N-Zeal.; is Bra. 
Ancuber, An-kw-ber, r Af.; t Abys. 
Ancona, fln-ku-nq, a free port c Papal 

States, in two parts, Citta Vechia, 

(Gi-to. Vek-i-q.) Citta Nuora,(6i-t4 

Nwo-vq;) pop. 36. 
Andalusia, An-da-lq-Ji-a, (Sp. An- 

dalucia. fln-dq-lo-te-a,) division of 

the s. of Spain ; en 1 V-ULI., Ala., Ten., 




Andaman, An-da-man, i Bay of Bin. 

Andaya, Rn-dq-yq, or Aadaia, Rn- 
di-q, r Bra., 120 m. 

Andelle, On-del, r Fr. 

Andelys, Les, Laz-on-dle. t Fr. 5^. 

Anderson, An'dsr-son, dis S. C.: C-M 
Tex., Ten., Ken.; va N-J., S. C., 
Gao., Tex., III.; t la. [la. 

Andersonville, An'der-son-vil, m S. C., 

Andes, An'di/i, range of ms extending 
parallel to the Pacific coast, the 
entire length of S. A., 4500 miles; 
and under different names, traverses 
the whole N. American continent, 
about 9000 m.; the ridates and peaks 
varying from 2 to 22,000 ft. above 
the sea. 

Andkhoo, Rnd-kdo, Ankkoui, Rn-k<f>-e, 
(or Ankoi,) t ind. Tartary, 25. 

Andorra, Rn-dor-q, (Valley of ) ind cy, 
a republic on the a. slope of the 
Pyrenees, pop. 6; t, cap of the above, 

Andover. An'do-ver, t Eng;.; vs Maine, 

N-H., Ver., Mass., 7; Con., N-Y., 

N-J., 0., Mich., 111. 
Andraix, Rn-drq-eA, s-pt t island of 

Majorca, 4%. 

Andreeva, Rn-dra-e-vq, t Rus., 12. 
Andrew, An'drco, co Mo.; v Iowa. 
Andro, Rn'dro, (or An'dros, ) i Ore. 

Arch., 15}. 
Androsooggin, An-dros-kog-in, r N-H., 

Maine; co Maine. [^P-- l /3- 

Andujar, or Anduxar, Rn-ddb-Aar, t 
Anegada, R-na-gq-da, t of the Antilles. 
Angara, Ri)-gq-rq, r of Siberia, 1000. 
Angelica, An-jel-i-ka, co t N-Y. 
Angelina, An-je-le-na, r and co Tex. 
Angermann, Og'er-man, nav r Swed., 

120 m. [Swed. 

Angermannland, Otj'er-mqn-lqnd, prov 
Angermunde, Rn'er-men-de, t Prus., 


Angerona, An-js-r6-na, p o Va. 
Angers, An'jerz, (Fr. Anglers, Oh-ga,) 

ft c Fr., 46>. 
Anglesey, or Anglesea. Rn'gl-se, i 

N. W., 51. 

Angola, An -go-la, cy w. coast of Afri- 
ca, notorious for its slave trade: pop. 

2,000,000; p os N-Y., Del., N-C., la. 
Angora, An-g6-ra, t As. Tur., 35. 
Angornou, or Angornu, Rn-gor-ndo, t 

Cen. Africa, 30. 
Angosta, fln-gos-ta, dis, r and three i 

s. e. of Africa. 
Angostura, Rn-gos-tdS-rq, (or Bolivar 

City) t Venezuela, 8}. 
Angouleme, Oh-goo-laui, o Fr., 21J/. 

Angra, fln'grq, s-pt t of Port., on the 
island of Terceira, 10. 

Angrab, Rn-grqb. r Abys., 120 m. 

Angra dos Reis, Rg'grq-dias-ra-c.s, s-pt 
and b Brazil, 3. 

Anguilla, Rn-ge-lq, Br. West Ind., 3. 

Anhalt, Rn'hqlt, three duchies Central 

Anhanduhy-Mirim, Rn-yqn-dcD-8-tni- 
reh, two rivers in Brazil. 

Anholt, Rn'holt, i Den., t Prus., 2. 

Aniooy, R-ni-d-e, or Aniuj, Aniuy, 
Ra-yifi-e, two rivers in Siberia. 

Anklatn, or Anclam, Rn'klqm, t Pr. 
8}^. [Abys., 12. 

Ankober, (or Ankobar,) Rn-ku-ber, t 

Ankova, Rn-ka-vq, k Madagascar. 

Annaberg, R'nq-ben/, t Saxony, 6^. 

Annagh, R-nq, two islands Ireland. 

Annan, An'an, r and s-pt Scot. 

Annapolis, An-ap-o-lis, cap MJ., 3; tis 
O., la.; r and,/? s-pt t Nuva Sootia. 

4nn Arbor, An-6jr-bor f c Mich., 4%. 

Annawaika, An-a-wj-ka, p o Ala. 

Anne Arundel, An-a-riin-del, co Md. 

Annecy, Rn-ss, t and I Savoy. 

Annisquain, An-is-gwqrn, p o Mass. 

Annobon, R-no-bon, i w. coast of Af. 

Annonay, R-no-na, t Fr., 13J<. 

Anoka, A-no-ka, v Minnesota. 

Anselm, An'selin, p o 0. 

Anson, An'son, co N. C. 

Ansonia, An-soi-ni-a, v Conn. 

Anspach, Rn'spq7i, ft c Bavaria, 16. 

Antang, Rn-tqn, v&n&dis isl. Java. 10. 

Antarctic, Ant-qrk-tic, oc, the expanso 
of water around the South Pole. 

Antequera, Rn-ta-ka-rq, c Sp., 17. 

Anthony, Ari'to-ni, p os R. I., la. 

Antibea, Oh-teb, ft s-pt t Fr., 6^. 

Anticosti, An-tt-kos-ti, des i C. E. 

Antietam, An-te-tam, cr Penn. 

Antigua. Rn-te-gq, Brit. W. I. Island, 
35; station, ft and arch in the Phil- 
ippine Islands. 

Antilles, Rn-tel, West India Islands. 

Antioch, An'ti-ok, cand ano cap Syria, 
the place where the name of Chris- 
tians was first given to the followers 
of Jesus Christ. Founded 300 B. c. 
Ancient pop., 400,000, time of Chry- 
sostrom, 200,000, at present. 10,000; 
vs S. C., Ga., Ala., Tenn., 0., 111. 

Antioch College. See Yellow Springs. 

Antioco, fln-te-ra-ko, Mud., 2^. 

Antioquia, Rn-ti-o-ke-a, t S. Am. 4. 

Antipodes, An-tip-o-dtz, * S. Pac. Oc. 

Antisana, Rn-ti-sq-nq, vol in Ecuador, 
19,140 feet high. 

Aati vari, fln-te- vq-re, t s-pt of Albania. 



Antoin, An-ttfrn, p o Arkansas. 
Antrim, An'trim, cos Ir., Mich.; T N- 

H., Penn., ()., .Mich. 
Antuco, Hn-ttb-ko, <col (16,000 ft) and 

val of Chilian Andes. 
Antwerp, Ant'werp, ft c Belgium, 79; 

prav do.; vs N-Y., O. 
Aonia, I-6-ni-a, p o Ga. 
Aosta, H-6j-tq, t Pied., 7. 
Apache Indian*, fl-pq-qa In'Ji-anz, 

Texas and N- Mexico. 
Apennines, Ap'en-inz, a mountain 

chain traversing the Italian penin- 
sula, 800 mile-*, embracing Mounts 

Albano, Vesuvius and 
Apollonia, ft-pol-w-ni-q. (<>r Amana- 

hea,) dig, cape and fort Africa. 
Aponles' Islands, A-pos-lz tt'landz, 

Straits of Magellan. 
Appalachee, Ap-a-lq-qe, r Ga.: b Fa. 
Appalachian, Ap-a-lu-qi-au, the Alle- 

ghany Mountains. 
Appalachicola, Ap-a-la^-ie-ka-la, r, b 

"and t Fa. 

App.ilachin, Ap-a-lq-qin. po N-Y.- 
Appauoose, Ap-a-mfn, en Lwa; v 111. 
Appsnzell, fl-pent-sel, can and t Swit.; 

ca,r> Inner Rhodes, 3. 
Appleby, Ap'l-bi, bor and t Eng , 2J^. 
Appleton, Ap'l-ton, vg 0., 111., Wis. 
Appling, Ap'lin, co Ga.; rs N-Y., Ga. 
Appotnattox, Ap-o-mat-oks, co and r 

Va., 150 in. 
Appoquinnitnink, Ap-Q-kwin-i-migk, 

err Del. 
Apsheron, flp-Ja-ron, (or Abcheron,) 

pen Russian dominions. 
Apulia, fl-pij,-li-a, anc prvv Southern 

Italy; p o N-Y. 
Apure, fl-pA-ra, r Venezuela. 
Apurimac, fl.-pn>-ri-mqk, r S. Am. 500. 
Aquapim, fl-kw^-pem, st Africa. 
Aquasco, A-kwas-ko, p o Md. 
Aquia, Ak'wi-a, p o and cr Va. 
Aquila, fl'kwi-lq, ft c Naples, 11%. 
Aquileja, fl-kwi-Isi-yq, t Nor. It., 1^. 
Aquokee, A-kwcj-ke, r Ga., Tenu. 
Aquone, A-kw<fi-nE, p o N. C. 
Arabgheer, Arabgir, fl-rqb-ger, (or 

Arabkir,) t As. Tur., 6000 houses. 
Arabia. A-ra-bi-a, s. w. p:>rtof Asia, 

750,000 square miles, mainly desert. 
Arabian Sea, A-ni-bi-an SE, on the 

s. w. coast of A<ia. 
Aracan, or Arrapin, Ar-a-kan, British 

prov. Farther India: t do.. 10. 
Aracati, or Aracaty, fl-rq-kq-te, r and 

port, Brazil, 5. 

Araguahi, fl-rq-swq-he, r Bra. 
Arad, Or-6d, t Huu., uldaud uew, 20. 

Arafat, fl-rq-fqt, Mount, granite hill, 
Arabia. \k Sp. 

Aragon, Arragon, flr-q-g<5n, r and an/i 

Ara^u:iy, Hr-q-gwj, / Brazil, 1000 in. 

Aral, Ar'al, tea Ind. Tartary. 

Aranda-de-duero, H-rqn-dq-da-d wa- 
res, dis and t Spain. [Spain. 

Aranjuez, fl-rqn-Awefi, t, royal res., of 

Aransas, Ar-an-sas, r, b and Texas. 

Arapaboe, A-rap-a-ho, Indians, tribe 
between the s. fork of 1'latte river 
and the head waters of the Arkau-;is. 

Ararat, Ar'n-rat, vol m Western Asia, 
17,:J2:$ ft; r and m N. C.: a I 'a , Va. 

Aras, fl-rqs, (or Araxes,) r Arm. oOOui. 

Arasaig, Hr-a-sag, v and dig Scot. 

Arator, or Arrator, A-ra-tor, v Mo. 

Araucania, H-re-koj-ni-q, ind ter 8. 
part of Chili, 70. 

Arauco, fl-ri-ku, ft Chili. 

Araure, fl-r's-ra, c Venezuela, 10. 

Arba, flr'ba, p o la. 

Arbacoochee, flr-ba-kcfc-qe, p o Ala. 

Arbe, fl>-'ba, i Adriatic, 5. 

Arbela, flr-be-la, p o Mo. ' 

Arboga, flr-bo-gq, t Sweden, 2. 

Arbois, flr-bwq, t Fr., 7. 

Arbroath, Hr-br6fi, s-pt t Scot., 8^. 

Arbuthnot, flr'but-not, par Scot. 

Arcabutla, Hr ka-biit-lq, p o Mi>s. 

Arcade, flr-kad, N-Y. 

Arcadia, flr-ka-di-a, anc prov Greece, 
in the Gulf of M.irea; r# R. I., N-Y.. 
La., Tenn., la , 111., Mo. 

Arcanum, flr-ka-num, p o 0. 

Archaig, Loch, L'iA-qr-kag, I Scot. 

Archangel, Hrk-an-jel, ter and s-pt t 
Russia in Europe, 24)^; also a bay. 

Archipelago, flr-ki-pel-a-go, signifies 
a sea interspersed with numerous is. 

Arcola. fl/'-kw-lq. anc t Pieduiout, 2li: 
tw Va., N. C., O. 

Arcos de la Frontera, flr-kws da ]q 
Fron-ta-rq, t Spain, 11 '4. 

Arcot, flr-kot, ( Arucati, or Arookatce,) 
c South Hindostan, 40. 

Arctic Ocean, flrk'tic O'J an > the Nor- 
thern Sea, containing Greenland, 
Spitsbergen, Iceland and many other 

Ardejhe, flr-daj, r and dep France. 

Arden, flr'den, p o Va. 

Ardi'nnes. "/ Ardnn, fl/-'den, dep Fr. 

Ardrah, ilr'drq, t and ]ir<,t Africa. 

Aroinberg, fl'rem-ber^, die Hanover. 

Arena, A-re-na, v Wis. 

Aronai-, Ar-K-nak, co Mich. 

Aroquipa, H-ra-ke-pq, dep and c Pe- 
ru, 35: vol 20,300 ft high. 

Arezzo, H-r6t-so, prov and c It., 11%. 



Argentan, flr-^on-ton, t Fr., 5^. 

Argentaro, flr-jen-tq-ro, m Turkey in 
Europe; prom Wosiern Italy. 

Argenteuil, Hr-gun-till, t Fr., 4%. 

Argentine, flr'jen-tjn. Republic of S. 
American countries, comprising Bue- 
nos Ayres, Santa Fe, Entre Rios, 
Corrientes, Cordova. La Rioja, San- 
tiago del Estero,, Cata- 
marca, Silta and Jujuy, Sin Luis, 
Mendoza. San Juan. Total pop. 820. 

Argo, flr'giD, t in the Nile; p o Ga., 
III., Mo., Iowa. 

Argoon, or Argun, flr-gj&n, r separates 
the Russian and Chinese Empires; r 
in Circissia. 

Argos, Hr'gos, t Greece, 8. 

Argostoli, flr-gos-to-lc, s-ptt Ionian Is. 

Argyle, or Argyll, Hr-gjl, co Scot.; co 
New South Wales; ts Me., N-Y., N. 
C., Ga., 111., Miss., Wis. 

Ariel, fl-re-kq, dig and t Peru, 3J^. 

Ariege, fl-re-aj, deo Fr. 

Ariel, S'ri-el, p o Penn. 

Arieiuo, H-ri-en-zs, t Naples, 10. 

Arigal, fl'ri-gol, m Ireland, 2,4S2. 

Arispe, fl-ris-pa, t of Sonora, Mexico; 
v 111. 

Arjish, flr-jej, t and r Eu. Turkey. 

Arkivblphia, flrk-a-del-fi-a, v Ark. 

Arkansas, flr-kan-sas, (formerly flr' 
kan-sa,) r U. S., 2000 m. in length, 
navigable by steamboats 800 m. from 
its mouth in the Mississippi; one of 
the United States, containing 52,197 
s. m.: pop. in 1854, 253,117, of whom 
199,224 were white, 60,279 slaves, 
and 614 free colored. 

Arkansas Post, co t Ark. 

Arlanza. flr-lqn-t)q, r Sp. 

Arlanzon, fir-lqn-ton, r Sp. 

Aries, Hrl, c and r-port Fr., 23J. 

Arlington, flr'lin-ton, p os Vt., 0., 
Mich., III., Wis. 

Arm icolola, flr-ma-ka-lw-la, cr in Ga. 

Armada, flr-m^-da, p o Mich. 

Armagh, flr-mq, bar and a IT., 9; t Pa. 

Armanc >n, flr-moh-scm, r Fr. 

Armenia, flr-mg-ni-a, a mountainous 
country of Western Asia, now po- 
litically defunct; Ga. 

Armsntiere-?, Hr-m )h-ti-4r, t Fr., SV. 

Armuchee, Hr-mA-qe, p n Gi. 

Arnheim, flrn'hjm, or flru'him, v 0. 

Arnhem, flrn'hem, (also Arnheiua)/< t 
Neth., 15%; b Australia. 

Arno, fl^'no, r Tuscany. 

Arnon, flr-nou, / Fr.; flr'non, v 111. 

Arnsbe*. fl/'nz'berg, t and goo Ger. 

Aroa, H-rii-a, t and r Venezuela. 

Arok-Szalla*, fl'rok-sq-lq7, v Hun., 9. 
Aroma, A-ro-ma, v III. 
Aron, fl-riJh, r and v Fr.; t Pied. 5. 
Arooat, Arouat, Aruat, H-rco-qt, st and 

t N. Africa. [co and p o Me. 

Aroostook, A-rd&s-tiak, r U. S., 120 m.: 
Arpino, fl/'-pe-no, t Naples, 11. 
Arqua, fl/kwq, t Mexico, 4. 
Arque'!, flrk, r and t Fr. 
Arran, Ar'an, ?' vv. coast of Scotland; 

is w. coast of Ireland. 
Arras, flr'qs, ft c Fr., 24%. 
Arrif.ina, d/'-i-fq-nq, ft, b and s. w. 

coast of Portugal. 

Arroa<, fl-M-qs, is Straits of Malacca. 
Arroe, fl-rto, is in the Red Sea. 
Arroo, Arco, Aru, A-rc6, is n. of Aus- 
tralia; also, n. w. coast of Wash.Ter. 
Arrow, Ar'o, r Wales and Eng.; cr 

Eng.: I and r Ireland. 
Arta, H/-'tq, r Eu. Tur.; ts Albania 

and Majorca, gulf Ionian Sea. 
Artas, flr-tq^, (or Artoss,) a beautiful 

fertile valley of Palestine, near Beth- 
Artaxata, flr-taks-q-tq,, former cap. of 

Armenia, with a pop. of about 190,- 

000, now a mass of ruins. 
Artois, fl/twq, old prov Fr. 
Aruba, fl-rc6-bq, (or Oruba,) i Dutch 


Arun, Ar'un, r Eng. 
Arundel, Ar'un-del, t Eng. \dis Hun. 
Arva, fl/va, rs Sp. and Hun.; v and 
Arve, flrv, r Sardinia. 
Averni. See Auvergne. 
Asahan, or Assahan, fb-q-hq'n, t, dis 

and r Sumatra. fpan. 

Asama-Yarna, fl-sq-mq-yq-mq, vol Ja- 
Asbury, Az'ber-i, v N-J., Ga., Ala., 

Tenn., 0., 111. 
Ascalon, As'ka-lon, or Asculan, fls-ka>- 

lo^n, ruined s-pt c Syria. 
Ascension, A-sen-Jon, i n. w. of St. 

Helena; par La.; b Yucatan. [8J^. 
Aschaffenburg, fl-Jqf-en-barg. t Bav., 
Ascherslebsn, Hj-erz-la-ben, <Prus., 10. 
Ascoli, fls'ko-le, c It., 3. 
Aseer, (r/r Asir.) H-ssr, ind st Arabia. 
Ashangee, flj-qn-ge, I Abys. 
Ashantee, flj-qn-te, k W. Af. 
Ashapoo, ( or Ashepoo,) AJ-a-pc6, r S. C. 
Ashborough, AJ'bur-o, v N. C. 
Ashby, AJ'bi, v III. 
Ashbyburg, Af'bi-burg, v Ky. 
Asha, A/, co N. C. 
Asheville, Af'vil, v Pa., N. C., Ala. 
Ashfield, AJ'feld, t Mass. 
Ashford, Afford, t and par Eng., 5; 

ts Conn., N-Y., Wis. 


Ashland. AJ'land, co 0.; ts Mass., N-Y., 
Pa., Va., N. C., Ga., Tenn., 0., la., 
Iowa; residence late Henry Clay, Ky. 

Ashley, AJ'li, r S. C.: co and V Ark.; 
0., M.).; I Utah Tor. 

Ashley City, AJ'li Sit-i, (or New Bal- 
timore,) v Mich. 

Ashleyville, AJ'H-vil, va Mass., Mich. 

Ashpetuck, AJ-pe-tuk, r Conn. 

Ashtabulu, AJ-ta-bq-lq, r, co and v 0. 

Ashton, AJ'ton, n VA., La., Mo., Wis. 

Ash ton -u nder- Ly ne, A J'ton-un-der-1 jn, 
t and pur Eng., 30%. 

Ashuelot, AJ'we-lot, r N-H. 

Asia, 3'Ji-a, largest of the great di- 
visions of the globe. Its greatest 
length, 7,500 m., breadth, 5,166 m.; 
pop., 480,000,000, considerably more 
than half the entire pop. of globe. 

Asia Minor. See Anatolia. 

Asiatic Archipelago. See Malay Arch. 

Asiinagomy, fl-si-mq-ga-me, I U. C. 

Asirmintar, fl.-ser-min-to,r, vol i One- 

Askeaton, As-ka-ton, t Ir. 

Asnieres, fls-ni-4/*, several tit Fr. 

Aspalaga, As-pa-ldj-ga, v Fa. 

Aspe, fls'pa, t Sp., 6%. [2%. 

Aspinwall, As'pin-wal, -pt Cen. Am., 

Aspropotamn, fl.s-pro-pot-q-ma, largest 
river of Greece, 100 m. 

Assabet, As'a-bet, cr and Mass. 

Assal, A-sqM, I Eastern Africa. 

Assam, or Asam, A-s^m, cy India. 

Assamoonick, As-a-mdb-nik, p o Vir. 

Assatchinskaya, fl-sqt-qin-skj-yq, vol 

Assiniboia, A-sin-i-bffn, r N. Am. 

Assiai, fl-se-se, t It., 6. [C. E. 

Assuapmoussoin, H-swqp-ma>-swan, I 

Assumption, A-sump-Jon, v and r C. 
E.; p and v La. 

Assumption, (Sp. fl.-so>n-si-un, c S. 
Am., cap Par. 

Assyria, A-sir-i-a, modern Koordistan. 

Asti, Rs'te, prov and c of Alessandria, 

Astonville, As'ton-vil, v Penn. 

Astor, As'tor, r and ft of Cen. Asia ; 
v Wis. [Or. 

Astoria, As-t6-ri-<l, v N-Y., III., Mo., 

Astrabad, Hs-trq-bad, c and prov Per. 

Astrakhan, fls-trq-Aqn, gov and o of 

Astura, fls-U6-rq, and r It. 

Asturjas, fls-Ufc-ri-qs, ana die Spain. 

Asuay, or Asauay, fl-80>-j, or H-swj, 
' dep EC. 

A tal in] HP, fl-tq-boj-po, r Ven. 

'Atacama, H-tq-k^-mq, prov Bol. 

Atalanta, At-a-lan-td, v 111. 
Atosoosa, At-as-ka-sa, cr Tex. 
Atauai, A-tis-j, (Atooi, Atui.or Tauai,) 

Sandwich Islands. 
Atbara, Ht-b4-rq, ter and r Nubia. 
Atchafalaya, Ay-af-a-lj-a, Bayou Lou., 

250 in. 

Atchison, Aq'i-son, co Mo. 
Atchison City, t of Kanzas. 
Aterno, fl-t^/'-no, r Naples. 
Atessa, H-tes-q, t Naples, T%. 
Ath or Aath, Ht. ft t Belgium, 8^. 
Athabasca, At-a-bas-ka, (or Athapes- 

oow, ) I and r British N. Am. 
Athens, Ab'enz, cap Gr., founded B. C. 

1336, 30 ; co in 0.: ts in N. Y., Pa., 

Ga., 0., &c. 

Athlone, At-16n, t Ir., 6J^. 
Athol, Athole, or Atholl, H'tol, dis 

Scot.: a'tol, i-g Mass., N-Y. 
Atho*, Ad'os, (Mount,) Holy m Gr. 
Atitlan, H-ti-tlqn, I, t and vol Central 

Am. TKy. 

Atkinson, At'kin-son, ts Me., N-H., 
Atlanta, At-lan-ta, c Ga., 4. 
Atlantic, At-lan-tik, co and t N-J. 
Atlantic Ocean, the largest of the five 

great hydrographical divisions of 

the globe ; its extreme breadth is 

5000 m , and its area 25,000,000 s. m. 
Atlas Mountains. At'las Min-teuz. in 

N. Af. 

Atlixco, At-liks-ko, t Mex. 
Atrato, fl-trq-to, r N-Gran. 
Atsion, At'si-on, r and N-J. 
Attakapas, A-tiik-a-po, fertile dig a. 

part La. 
Attakembo, fl-tq-kein-bo, one of the 

Feejee Islands. 
Attala, A-t4-la, co Miss. 
Attawal, fl-tq-wol, w Red Sea. 
Attersee, fl-ter-sa, I Upper Aus. 
Attica, At'i-ka, div of Gr.; us N-Y., 

0., Mich., Li., Iowa, Wi>. 
Attleborough, At'1-bur-o, ts Mass., Pa. 
Attoo, Attou, or Attu, fl-to), largest 

of the Aleutian Islands. 
Attoyac, At-tf-ak, r Tex. 
Aubagne, O-bc^ny, t Fr. 
Aube, Ob, r and dep Fr. 
Aubenas, Ob-nq, t Fr. 
Auburn, O'burn, c N-Y., 11 ; vt ia 

half the States of the Union. 
Auch, QJ, c Fr., 12J4. 
Aucheahnchee, 9-qe-haq-e, r Ga., 

sometimes called Little Ocraulgee. 
Auchtermuchty, 07t-ter-mtiA-te, burg 

and par Scot., 2^. 
Auckland, Hk'land, /*/ of , N-Zeal., 

group of is in S. Pac. Oc. 



Aude, Od, r and dep Fr. 

Audrain, 9-dran, co Mo. 

Audubon, 9'dq,-bon, co Iowa ; vs 
Tenn., 111. [0. 

Auglaize, O-glaz, r 0., Mo.; co and 

Augsburg, Bgs'burg, (Ger. "JJgz'burg,) 
cBav., 38. 

Augusta, 9-giis-ta, co \Q.; c Me., 10. 
c G.*., 12; vs in over a dozen states. 

Augustowo, "S'-gJM-UD-vo, />ro, t Pol. 

Aullagas, Ul-yq-gqs, / of Bui. 

Aulae, On, r Fr. 

Auraria, 9-rq-ri-a, v Ga. 

Auray, O-ra, r-pt Fr. 

Aurc, Or, r Fr. 

Aurelius, 9-re-li-us, t N-Y., O. 

Aurich, ^J'ri/t, t Hanover. 

Aurillac, O-rd-yqk, t Fr., 11. 

Aurora, 9-ru-ra, t.t Maine, N-Y"., Ken., 
9.. Ind., III., Wis., i Red Saa. 

Aurungabad, {x)-rufl-ga-bq j, c Hind., 

Au Sable, O-sq-bl, r N-Y.; v III. 

Austerlitz, Os'ter-litz, t Mor., vs N-Y., 
Mich. [ous vs. 

Austin, O.s'tin, cap Tex., 3; numer- 

Australasia, 9s-tral-a-,fi-a, dio of the 
globe, consisting of the continent of 
Australia, Van Diemen's Land, N- 
Zeal., and numerous other islands. 

Australia, 9s-tral-ya, or N^w Holland, 
the largest island in the world, lies 
between the Indian and Pacific 9es.; 
greatest length 2100 in., breadth 
1700 to 1900 in. including an area of 
3,000.000 s. in. The British colonies 
are directed by a governor appointed 
by the crown, and a legislative 
council, partly elective and partly 
appointed by government; white 
pop. 500,000. 

Australian Alps, nis of Australia. 

Austria, 9s'tri-a, one of the most ex- 
tensive of the European monarchies; 
comprising 258,000 8. m.; pop. in 
1350, 36,514,4(56. The government 
is vested in the emperor, who exer- 
cises supreme control in all the prov- 
inces, excepting Hungary and Tran- 

Autauga, 9-tij-ga, cr and co Ala. 

Auterive, Q-ts-rev, t Fr. 

Auteiiil, O-tely, v enclosed within the 
new walls of Paris. 

Authie, O-te, and Authion, O-ti-on 
rs of Fr. 

Autun, O-trin, c Fr., 12. 

Auvergne, O-v4,rny, prov and me Fr. 

Auxerre, O-s4r, c Fr.. 14J^. 

Auxonne, Ok-son, ft t Fr. 6%. 

Ava, fl'va. c Burmah, 30 ; principalitj 

of Japan ; v N-Y., Ga., 111. 
Avallon, fl-vq-loh, t Fr. 
Avalon, Av'a-lon, pen. Newfoundland : 

p o Md. 

Avant, A-vant, p o Tex. 
Avares, fl-vq-res, political die Cir. 
Avatcha, H-vqt-qq, t and b Kam. 
Avatchinskaya, ii-vqq-in-skj-yq, vol 


Aveiro, fl-va-e-ro, f-pt t Port.; t Bra. 
Avellino, 3-ve-le-no, fortified epis- 
copal c Naples, 22%. 
Aven Loch, LoA fl'ven, I Seot. Aven 

or Avon, several Scotch rivers. 
Averno, H-ver-nos, I Naples. 
Aversa, fl-ver-sq, t Naples, 16J. 
Avery, H'ver-i, vs 111., Iowa. 
Avesnes, fl-van, ft t Fr., 3%. 
Aveyron, H-va-run, r and dep Fr. 
Avigliano, fl-VEl-yq-no, t Naples, 9^. 
Avignon, fl-ven-yan, c Fr. 35. 
Aviston, Av'is-ton, 111. 
Avlona, flv-I(S-nq, t Albania, 8. 
Avo, fl'vo, v Va. 
Avoca, fl-v6-ka, (or 9voea,) val and 

r Ir.; r* N-Y., Ala., III., Mo., Wis. 
Avola, fl-vo-la, s-ot t Sic., 6%. 
Avon, fl'von, rs Wales, W. Australia ; 

numerous rs U. S. 
Avondale, fl'von-dal, {or Avendale,) 

par of 3eot.; v Penn. [rs in Eng. 
Avon (Hampshire,) (Lower, ) (Upper,) 
Avoyelles, Av-er-elz, par La. 
Avranches, iiv-ronj, t Fr. 
Awe, Loch, LoA 0, I Saot. 
Axbridge, Aks'brij, t Eng. 
Axe, Aks, rs Eng. 
Axholme, Aks'olm, Isle of, Eng. 
Axoom, Axoum, flk-scbm, anc. t Abys. 
Ayaeucho, ^-q-kifi-qo, dep S. P"eru. 
Ayamonte, i-q-mon-ta, s-pt t Sp, 
Ayasoolook, i^-q-sco-liik, v As. Min.; 

site of the ancient Ephesus. 
Ayersville, Arz'vil, p o N. C., 9. 
Aylesbary, Qlz'ber-i, fwr and t Eng. 
Ayletts, *'lets, Vir. 
Aylmer, dl'mer, I Brit. N. Am.; (s 

C. E., C. W. 
Aylsham, 31'Jain, t Eng. 
Ayora. i-6-rq, t and r Sp. 
Ayr, &r, r and s-pt t Scot., 10. 
Ayrshire, Ar'Jsr, co Seot. 
Aysville, Qz'vil, p o la. 
Aziilia, A-za-li-a, v la. 
Azerbaijan, flz-er-bj-jqn, prov Persia. 
Azimghur, Az'im-gur, dig Brit. Ind. 
Azio, fld'zi-o, dis and prom Gr. 
Azof, Az'of, (Azoph, or Azov,) tea 

e. part of Europe. 


Azores. Az'orz, or A-zurz, or Western | Azpeytin, or Azpeitia, fls-pa-i-te-q, t 
Islands, in the N. Atlantic Oc., be- Spain. 

lunging to Portugal. 

Aztal&n, Az'tal-an, v Wis. 


Baagoe, B6-ge-c, i Denmark. 
Bialbec, B^I-bek, ruined t of Syria, 2. 
Bababeg, Bq-bq be'g, I Persia. 
Baba-d.igh, Bq-bq-d^g, t Eu. Tur., 10: 

in, As. Mil. [10. 

Babakanda, Bq-bq-k^n-dq, t W. Af., 
Babba, Bq-bq, * As. Arch. 
Bab-el-mandeb, Bqb-el-mqn-deb, sir 

and gulf of the Arabian Sea. 
Babelthuap, Bq-bel-to>-qp, Pelew is. 
Babylon, Bab-i-lon, anc. cap Babylonio- 

Chaldean Empire, whose walls were 

60 m. in circumference, 87 thick, 

and 350 high. 
Babylonia, Bab-i-lo-ni-a, anc. prov 

Middle As., now called Bagdad. 
Bacalar, Bq-kq-lar, s-pt t Yucatan, 4. 
Back's River, Brit. N. Am. 
Bacolor, Bq-ko-l<br, t on i Luzon. 8%. 
Badajos, Bad-a-hos, ft c Sp. 11%. 
Bad Axe, co, p o and r Wis. 
Baden, B^-den, grand duchy of the 

German Confederation ; t in Baden, 

6; te.Swit., Lower Aus.; Ba-den, v 

Pa. [Arch. 

Badong, Bq-dorj, st and s-pt t Malay 
Badoor, Bq-di&r, (or Bhugwar, ) r Bel. 
Baena, Bq-a-nq, (or Vaena, ) t Sp., 13. 
Baeza, Bq-a-tq, (or Baeca,) t Sp., 

10%. [N. Am. 

Baffin's Bay, Baf-inz Ba, inland sea 
Baganga, Bq-gqg-gq, s-pt t ai.d I Mai. 

Bagaria, Bq-gq-re-q, or Bagheria, Bq- 

ga-rt-q, t Sicily. 
Bagdad, Bqg-dqd, c As. Tur., 65; 

P.ishalic of, ter As. Tur.; Bag-dad, 

Tt Tenn., Mo. 

Baghul, Bq-gtil, Sikh states, Hind. 
Baglen, Bqg-ldn, or Bagaleen, Bq-ga- 

lan, Duteh residency on i of Java. 
Bagneres-de-bigorre, Bqn-y^-de-be- 

gor, t Fr., watering-place. 
Bagneres-de-luchon, Bqn-y4r-de-h],- 

Juih, watering-place, Fr. 
Bagnoli, Bqn-yu-le, t Naples. 
Bagnolo, Bqn-yu-lu, t 1'iedmont. 
Baliala, Ba-lui-la, rr Miss. 
Bahama Channel, Ba-ha-mq 6an-el, or 

Gulf of Florida, sea between Florida 

coast and Bahama Islands. 

Bahama Islands, 500 islands belonging 

to Groat Britain, n. e. of Cul> 
Bahar, Ba-h^r, t British India, 30. 
Bahia, Bq-g-q, pr<>v Bra. 
Bahia, or Sao Salvador, S^-orj Sql-vq- 

dar, 8-/*t c Brazil. 

Bahia Honda, Bq-e-q (in-dq. har Cuba. 
Bvhlingen, Bq-lin-en, t Wiirtcmbcrg. 
Bahrein, Bq-ran, (<tr Aval Island,) i 

in the Persian Gulf. 
Baiboot, Bj-b(6t, t Asiatic Turkey. 
Baikal, Bj-kql, I or Holy Sea, Siberia. 
Bailleul, Bq-ye, t Fr., 7. 
Bainbridge, Ban-brij, many rt U. S. 
Bains-du-Mont-d'Or, Bah-de-inun- 

dor, v Fr., celebrated for mineral 


Bairdstown, B;\,rdz-t-sn, Ga. 
Baireuth, Bj-ret, c Bav., 17. 
Buisa, or Bayze, Baz, r Fr. 
Ba.ja, B6-yo, t Hun., 14}^. 
Bajada-de-Santa-Fe, Bq-Aq-dq-da-s4n- 

tq-fa, c Entre Ri..s, (>. 
Bajibo, Bq-je-bo, is Western Africa. 
Bajoor, or Bajour, Bq-jOar, d-it and t of 

Northern Afghanistan. 
Bakel, Bq-kel, v Western Africa. 
Baker, Bii-ker, co Ga.; v 0. 
Baker's Falls, Hudson River, N-Y. 
B.ikhtchissarai. Bi|/i-c;is-a-rj. t Russia. 
Bakhtegao, BiiA-ta-g^n, I Persia. 
Bakhfiyari, BqA-ti-yq-re, ms Persia. 
Bakony-Wald, Bo-kony-vqlt, m Hun. 
Bakoo, Bakou, or Baku, Bq-k<6, s-pt t 

Rus., 5</: t M,-l. 

Balabac, Bq-lq-bqA, Malay Arch. 
B:iLigiicr, Bq-la-gi\,r, ft t Sp. 
Balakhna, Bq-li^A-na, t Rus. 
Balaklava, Bq-lq-klq-vq, t Rus., 3J^. 
Balasore, Bql-a-s6r, dis British India; 

t and cap, llj^. 
lialatony, Bq-lq-tony, I Hun. 
Balbriggan, Bal-brig-an, t IT., 3. 
B;i]<;:is.r,/ BaNas. Bql-sq.<, r Brazil, 200. 
Bald lviy;le Mountain, Pa. 
Baldo, Monto, Mi>n-ta Bii!-do, m Lorn. 
Baldwin, Bold-win, cs and ta ['. S. 
Balearic Isles, Ba-lt-rik i-lz, is Med. 
Balfurosh. Bql-fur-coJ, t Per., pop. in 

1822, 200,000, but since; devastated 
by the plague and cholera. 



Balize, Balize, Bi-lgz, (or British Hon- 
duras,) British colony e. of Yucatan: 
cap Honduras; v and pass at the 
mouth of the Mississippi river. 

Balkan, B<il-kq,n, m Eu. Tur. 

Bulkash, Bcil-kqJ, I Central Asia. 

Balkh, B^l/t, />//(' and c Can. Asia. 

Ballinahinch,, I, r and 
t Ir. 

Ballina, Bal-e-nq. t Ir., 5V. 

Ballinasloe, Bal-in-a-sla, t Ir. 

Ballon D'Alsace, Bq-lan-Dql-sqs, m of 
the Vosges chain in France. 

Ballon de Gu<?bwiller, Geb-ve-14'', 
m, Vosgas chain, Fr. 

Ballston Spa, B'>l-ston Spq, v N-Y.' 

B:illymen;v, Bal-i-me-na, t Ir. 

Baltic, BJl-tik, inland sea of N. Eu. 

Baltic Provinces, Russian governments 
of Courland, Esthouia, Livonia, St. 
Petersburg, and Finland. 

Baltimore, Bjl-ti-mar, s-vt t Ir.; nu- 
m'iruus c in U. S.; c Md , 200. 

Bambarra, Bam-bar-a, i>id st W. Af. 

Ba'nbacque, Bon-bek, v Fr. 

Bauiberg, Bqm-ber^, t Biv., 19^. 

Bambook, Baiubouk, Bqm-bdak, cy Af. 

Bamian, Bq-mi-qn, (or Baumeean,) 
valley and pass of Afghanistan. 

Banal bufar, Bqn-yql-ba>-fqr, t island 
of Majorca, 5. 

Banana, Bq-nq-nq, is n. w. of Africa. 

Banaual, Bq-nq-nal, i of Brazil in the 
river Araguay. 

Banas-Ciiai, Bqn-qs-qj, r Asia Minor. 

Buiiat, Bq-nqt, p/;ti' 1 Austria. 

Banea, or Banka, Batj-kq, i in Malay 
Arch., 35. [Mass., Ga. 

Bancroft, Bin-kroft, co Iowa; ts Me., 

Banda, Bqn-dq, Isles, twelve small is- 
lands in the Molucca Arch. 

Banditti, Ban-dit-i, Isle, Malay Arch. 

Bandon, Ban-don, r and t s. of Ir., 9. 

Banela, Ba-ne-la, e Miss. 

Banff, Bqmf, bor and s-pt t Scot. 

Bangalore, Baij-ga-lifir, ft t s. Ind., 60. 

Bangkok, or Bankok, Ban-kok, cap c 
Siam, 400. 

Bangor, Bajj gor, c s-pt and par North 
Wales; s-fit t and par Ir.; c Mo., 20. 

Bang-pa-kung, Bqp-pq-kuy, r Siam. 

Banguey, Boij-ga, *' Malay Arch. 

Baniak, Bq-ni-qk, Islands, Ind. Oc. 

B.inialukn, Bq-ni-q-l(6-ka, ft t Eu. 
Tur., 1%. 

Banister, Ban-is-ter, r and Vir. 

Banjermassin, or Banjarmassin, Bqn- 
yer-mq-sin, cy of Borneo. 

Banjoeraas, Bqu-yoo-mqs, t Dutch East 
Indies, 9. 


Bann, Bqn, r Ir. 

Bannacks, Ban-aks, (or Boonaks,) in- 
dians in Oregon. 

Bautallan, Bqn-tq-lq'n, i Malay Arch. 

Bantam, Bqn-tqtn, k Dutch East In- 
dies; t and r of Java; Ban-tana, v 0. 

Baracoa, Bq-rq-kii>-q, s-pt t W. Ind. 

Barak, Bq-rqk, r Farther Ind. 

Baranca, Nueva, Nwa-vq Bq-rqn-kq, 
t New Granada. 

Barataria, Bar-a-t4-ri-a, b s. e. La. 

Barbados, or Barbiidoes, Bqr-ba-diaz, 
eastern of the Carrlbbee Islands; 
Bqr-bq-dos, r Brazil. 

Barbary, Bqr-ba-ri, division of Af. 

Barbour. Bqr-bur, v Ala. 

Barboursville, co ts Va., Ky. 

Barcelona, Bqr-sa-l<a-nq, provnnd s-vt t 
Sp., 121-%: t and port Ven.: v N-Y. 

Bardstown, Bqrdz-t/sn,(<w Bairdstown,) 
t Ky. 

B vreily, Bar-a-lp, dis and c Brit. Ind. 

Barga, Bqr-ja, t Piedmont, 7. 

Bargoozeen, (or Bargouzin,) Bar-goo- 
Z8ii, r Siberia. 

Bari, Bq-rE, ft c Naples, 27^. 

Bark River, Wis. 

B;ir-Iu-Duo, Bqr-le-dek, t Fr., 14%. 

B irletta, Bar-iet-q, s-'tt c Naples, 20. 

B.irmen, Bar-men, t Prussia, 35. 

Barnaul, Bar-nil, t w. Siberia. 10. 

Barnegat. Bqr-ne-gat, v N-Y.; b and t 

Barnsley, Bqrnz-li, t Eng., 15. 

Birnstable, Bqrn-sta-bl, co and t Mass. 

Barnstaple, Bqrn-sta-pl, t-pt t Eng. 

Barnwi'll, Bqni-wel, dis and t S. C. 

B.iro, Bq-ra, r Africa. 

Biroach. B^-rijq, dis of British India. 

Buroda, Ba-r6-da, c Hindostan. [12. 

Barquosimcto, Bq/'-ka-si-ma-to, c \ en. 

Barraboo, Bar-a-bc6, r and t Wis. 

Barrada, (orBurada,) Ba-rq-dq, r Syr. 

Barra, Bar-q, Islands, w. coast Scot. 

Barre, Bar-s, t Vt. 

Bareges, Bqr-a^, watering place of Fr. 

Barren Hiver, Tenn. 

Barriers Reef, n. e. coast of Australia. 

lUrrow, Bar-o, (orBorragh,) / Ir. 

Bartholomew, Bqr-tol-o-mq,, bayou 
Ark. and La., nav. 250 miles; co Ind. 

Barton, Bqr-ton, num. vs U. S.; r Vt. 

Bartsch, Bqrq, r Pru?. 

B.i>eelan, (or Basilan,) Bq-se-lqn, i 
Soolor) Arch. 

Basel, Bq-zel, canton and t Swif., 27]^. 

Bashkeurs, or Bashkirs, BqJ-ksrz, peo- 
ple of Russia, inhabiting the plains 
adjoining the South Uralian Mts. 

Baaiento, Bq-si-en-to, r Naples. 


Baskahegan, Bas-ka-he-gan, r and / 
M . 

Basque, Busk, Provinces, Sp. 

Bisstino, Bq-sq-noa, c n. Italy. 12. 

B^so-TVrre. Bijs-t;\,r, s-ptt \V. I., 12^. 

Bassorah, Bqs-u-rq, c As. Tur., 60. 

l! is! ia. Bqs-te-q, s-pt t Corsica, 12^. 

Bastrop, Bas-trop, co and / Tex. 

Batavia, Ba-ta-vi-a, (Dutch Bq-tq- 
vi-q.) c Java, 118^; vs N-Y., O., III. 

Bath, Bq, c Eng., 54'^; C Me., 12; 
numerous r U. S. [Va. 

Bath Alutn Springs, watering place, 

Bathurst, B:'it)-urst, t N-B.; i N. Aus- 
tralia: I Newfoundland. 

Batignolle-i-Moncaaux, Bq-ten-y<M- 
mG>n-.s<D, t 19J4. 

Baton Rouge, Bat-on Rdf>3, c/tv La., 4%. 

B:itoo, Bq-t(f>. vol is Malay Arch. 

Batooiu, Bq-Uom, s-pt t Tur. in As., 25. 

Batso, Bat-sw, r and v N- J. 

Battahatehee, Bat-a-haq-e, r Ala. See 

Battam, Bq-tfyn, * Malay Arch. 

Battenkill, Bat-en-kil, r Vt. 

Battle Creek, cr and t Mich. 

Baubaugo, B9-b9-go, cr la. 

Baubula, Bu-bcb-lq, r Sp. 

Baughuian, BJ-rnan, * 0. [livia. 

Baure, B's-ra, (Baurus, B's-roo*',) r Bo- 
Bautzen, Bxt-sen, t Saxony, 12. 

Bavaria, Ba-va-ri-a, (Kingdom of,) 
part of Grer. confederation, 4,559,412: 
its government is a constitutional 

Bavispe, Bq- vis-pa, t and r Mex. 

Bay, Bj, I island of Luzon. 

Bayamo, Bq-yq-rno, (or San Salvador,) 
t Cuba, 14. 

Bayan, Bj-qn, mountain range Asia. 

Bayazeed, Bj-a-zed, ft t Tur. Armenia. 

Bayeux, Bq-ye, a Fr, 9)^. 

Bay Islands, in the Bay of Honduras. 

Baylique, IJj-l-ka, * coast of Brazil. 

Bayonne, Bq-yon, t /i! c Fr., 18%. 

Bayou, BJ-OJ, or Bj-o, a term confined 
chiefly to La., Tex., and Ark., sig- 
nifies a stream which is derived from 
some other stream or from a lake. 

Bayou Boeuf, Bef, Chicot, Xe-ko, 

Goula, GiJb-lq, Pierre, Pe-s^r, 

Ramois, Rq-mtJ, Sara, Sa-ra, 
vs L-i. 

Baza, Bq-tq. c Sp., 10. 

Bear Lake, Bq,r Lak, I Brit. N. Am. 

Bear, or Utah River, Utah and Oregon 

Ter.: also California. 
Bea., Be-as, or Beypasha, Ba-paJ-q, 

r Punjab, 220 miles. 
Beaucaire, Bo-k^o t Fr. 11. 

Beaufort, Bm-fiV, te Fr. 

Beaufort, Bi'i-fcrt, co and t N. C. 

Beauharnai.s, Bo-hqr-nn, C. E. 

Beaulieu, Bo-li-e, t Fr.; Bi\-li, r Eng. 

Beauly, Bij-li, r Scot. 

Beaumaris, Bu>-ma-ri.s, s-pt t \. \V, 

Beaumont, Bu-m6fi, t-s Fr., Bol. 

Beaumont, Bi3-m mt, vi U. S. 

Beaune, Bian, anc t Fr., 11. 

Beauvais, Bo-va, c Fr., 14^. 

Beaver, Be-ver, and numerous com- 
pounds ; crs and ts U. S. 

Beaver Inlands, Lake Mu-liigan. 

Beaver Lake, Jasper co., la. [Pa. 

Beaver River, different rg N-H., N-Y., 

Bocancour, Ba-kon-k<6r, * C. !]. 

Bechuanas, Bet-cj>-q-naz, a nation of 
S. Af. 

Bedford,' Bed-ford, t Eng., 11%; nu- 
merous c<ts and ts U. S. 

Bedouin, Ba-dwan, t Fr. 

Bedouin, nr Beduin, Bed-(t>-in, inhab- 
itants of the desert, supposed to be 
derived from Ishmael, the population 
of Arabia. 

Beeuvih, Bg-mq, r S. Ind. 400 m. 

Beersheba, Be-er-Js-ba, a ruined t of 

Beg.sheher, Beg-JeA-her, I and r As. 

Behring, Be-rig Sea, N. Pac. Oc.: ttr 
between Asia and Am. 

Beilan, Ba-lqn, t and pass of Syria. 

Beit-el-Fakih, Bnt-el-Fq-keA, t Ar., 3. 

Beja, Ba-^q, t Port., 5}^. 

Bejapoor, Bf-ja-pAr, c S. Ind. [19. 

Bi'kes, Ba-kej, (or Bekesvar, ) t Hun., 

Bela. Belah, Beila, or Beylah, Ba-lq, 
t Beloochistan, 5. 

Belaia, Ba-lj-q, or Bielaja, Bya-lq-yq, 
r Rus.. 550 m. 

Belair, Be-14,r, Vt. 

Bel Air, Bel Ar, v Md., Ga., 111. 

Beled-el-Jereed, Be-led-el-Jer-ed, ster- 
ile region of Af. 

Belfast, Bel-fast, s-pt t Ir., 120 ; s-pt 
t Me. 

Belgium, BeM-ji-um, a A; of Cen. Eu., 
divided into 9 prov.; Antwerp, S. 
Brabant, E. Flanders, W. Flandcr.-', 
Hainaut, Liege, Limbourg, Luxem- 
bourg, and Namur: having a total 
pop. of 4,359.090, who for the most 
part, speak theFr. language : govern- 
ment is a constitutional monarchy. 

Belgrade, Bel-grad, ft c of Servia, 
pop. 30. 

Bellechasse, Bel-Jq*, co C. E. 

Bellofontaine, Bel-fon-tan, "fine foun- 
tain," ts 0., la., Mo., Iowa. 



Bcllefonte, Bel-font, vs PH., Ala., Mo. 

Balleinont, Bel-iu6nt, * Tenn. 

BelUmonte, vs F.t., Mo. 

Belle Itiver, stream Mich. 

Belleview. Bal-vij,, numerous vs IT. S. 

Belleville, Bel-vil, numorouS vs U. S. 

Bellevue, Bel-vij,, v& Ga., 0., Mich., 

Bsllona, Bs-lo-na, v N-Y. [TS U. S. 

Belinoat, Bjluwnte. Bel-mont, cos and 

Beloit, Be-ltirr, v Wis. 

Beloochistan, B.'l-oo-kis-tqX mountain- 
ous cy of S. As.; the government is 
despotic : pop. uncertain, estimated 
at from 450,000 to 2,000,000. 

B-lviJere, Bel-vi-der, is U. S. 

Benares, Ben-q-rejs, c of Hind.; sta- 
tionary pop. est. at from 200, to 600. 

Ben-Aven, Ben-a-ven, m Scot. 

Bjncruachan, Bon-krob-Aan, m Soot. 

Benevento, Ben-e-ve'n-tu, c S. It., 


Bengal, Bsn-gol, prov Brit. Ind., con- 
sisting mainly of the immense valley 
of the Ganges ; pop. 57,935,656. 

Bengal, Buy of, part of the Indian Oc. 

Beogttete, jk-n-ga-lq, cy of \V. Af. 

Beni, Ba-ne, dep and r of Bol.; 2000 m. 

Benicia, Be-niJ-i-a, former cap Cal., 2. 

Benin, B;n-en, a negro cy, r and t 
W. Af., 15. 

Benlawers, Ben-la-erz, m Sf.ot. 

Benledi, Ben-led-i, m Saot. 

ten- Lomond, Ben-16-mond, m Scot., 
also of Vandiemen's Land. 

Ben-Macdhui, Ben-mak-daj-i, m Scot. 

Ban- More, Bfin-nior, m, Scot. 

Ben-Nevis, Ban-ne-vis, m Scot., also 
Van Dieman's Lvnd. 

Benninsjton, Ben-ijj-toa, various cos 
and t U. S. 

Bsntevoglio, Ben-te-V(Sl-yo, t Va. 

Benton, Ben-ton, numerous cos and ts 
U. S. 

Berbice, Ber-bes, dig and r Brit. Gui. 

B^rdiansk, Ber-di-q,nsk, t S. Rus., 10. 

Berditchev, Ber-di-qev, t Rus. Pol., 20. 

Berea, Be-re-a, ts N. C., 0. 

Beresina, Ber-i-ze-nq, r Rus., 200 m. 

Bergamo, Ber-gq-mo. ft c Lorn.. 32%. 

Bergen, Be>-gen, ft c Nor., 25% ; ts 
Prus., Neth.; Ber-gen, co N-J.; rs 
N-Y., N-J. [Neth., 10. 

Bergen-op-zoora, Berg-en -op-zom, ft t 

Bergerae, B^'-^e-rqk, t Fr., 10>^. 

Bargholtz, Berg-holts, v N-Y., 2. 

Bergues, Berg, ft t Fr., 6. 

Berharnpoor, Ber-qm-p<f)r; t Brit. Ind. 

Berja, Be'r-Aq, t Sp., 9%. 

Berkeley, Berk-li, t Eng.; cos U. S. 

Berkshire, Berk-Jcr, cos and vs U. S. 
Berlin, Ber-lin, (Ger. Bsr-len,) c Ger. f 

cap Prussian monarchy ; except 

Vienna. Berlin is the largest t in 

Ger., pop. in 1852, 442,000. 
Bermuda, Bor-niA-da, (or Bermudas,) 

is N. Atlantic Oe., belonging to Great 

Britain. 15. 
Bern, or Berne, Bern, cantvn and t of 

Swit., 27%. 

B'Tnadotte, Bnr-na-dot, v 111. 
Bertie, Bor-te, co N. C. 
Berwick, Ber-ik, co and t Scot. 
Berwick, BJr-wik, vs U. S. 
Besangon, B3-zon-Scoh, ft c Fr., 41i/. 
Beauuubia, Bes-a-ra-bi-a,p/-o S. lias. 
Bethany, Be6-a-ni, vs Pal., and of U. 

S.: seat of College established in 

13U by Alexander Campbell. 
Bethel, Be'6-el. t Pal.: and vs U. S. 
Bethlehem, Befc-le-hem, c of Pal., 

birth place of the Founder of Chris- 
tianity : rs U. S. 
Bethune, Ba-te'a, ft t Fr., 8. 
Betisbooka, or Betisbouka, Ba-tis-bifi- 

kq, r Madagascar. 

Battws, Bet-cos, pars Eng., and Wales. 
Betwah, Bet-wq. r Hind. 
Beulah, Bi\,-la, ts N. C., Iowa. 
Bevedero, Ba-va-da-ro. I La Plata. 
Beverly, Ber-er-li, ts Mass., N-J., Vir., 

Ohio. [Ga., Ala. 

Bexar, Bn-qV, or Ba-Mr, co Tex.; vs 
Beyroot, Beyrout, Beirout, Ba-roat, s-pt 

t of Syria, 30. 

Beziers, Ba-zi-a, c Fr., l&^a- 
Bhadrinath, Bhad-rin qth, t N. Hind., 

in a valley of the Himalayas, 10,294 

ft. above the sea, remarkable for a 

temple visited annually by 50,000 

Hindoo pilgrims. 
Bhamo, Bhq-mci, or Bhanmo, Bhqn-nidi, 

large t Burmah. 
Bhawlpoor, Bhel-piJ&r, ind st N. W. 

Hind.: cap c 20. 

Bheels, Bslz, mountaineers of Hind. 
Bhirjan, Ber-jqn, Beerjoon, Ber-jcf>n, 

ts Pers. 

Bhooj, Bho>j, ft c Hind., 30. 
Bhurtpoor, Bhurt-pobr, or Bhartpoor, 

Bhqrt-pc&r, ztate and c Hinl. 
Bialystok, Bi-6,l-is-tok, prov and c Eu. 

Bickaneer, Bicanere, or Bicanir, Bik- 

an-gr, state Hind.: ft t cap, 70. 
Bidais, Be-da, cr Tex. 
Bidschow, Beq-ov, t Bohemia. 
Bielopol, Bs-a-16-pol, t Rus., 9. 
Bienne, Be -en, I and t Swit. 
Bienville, Be-en-vil, par La.; p o Miss. 



Bignlow's (mills,) Big-e-loz, p o la. 
Bighton, Bj-ton, par Ens;. 
Big Plover, Pliiv-er, r Wis. 
Bijawnr, Bejawer, Be-je-er, or Bejour, 

Be-ji-er, state Hin. 
Bilbao, Bil-bq-u), (often written and 

pronounced, in English, Bilboa, Bil- 

1'. ) a, and /</ ' Sp., 12. 
Billerica, Bil-er-ik-a, v Ma*s. 
Biloxi, Bi-loks-i, and b 
Bingham, Big-ham, ts Me., Penn., 


Bioghamton, Big-am-ton, c N-Y. 
Bingtang, Bin-t;'in, * Malay Arch. 
Biobio, Bs-o-bs-o, r Chili, 200 m. 
Biorneborg. Bi-6r-ne-borg, s-pt t Fin. 
Birioossa, Be-ri-6-sq, r Siberia. 
Birkenhead, Berk-en-hed, t Eng., op- 
posite Liverpool, 24 V. 
Birket-el-Hadji, Ber-ket-el-Had-jj, 

('lake of pilgrims,") 10 m. n. e. of 

Birmingham, Ber-min-am, c Eng.: 232- 

%; Ber-mii)-ham, manufacturing ts 

Conn., N-Y., Pa., and numerous vs. 
Birnee, Ber-ne, (Birnie, old,) t Cen. 

Af., 10, 'once 200. 
BUayos, Be-sj-qs, Philippine Islands, 

excepting Luzon. 
Biscay, Bis-ka, or Biscaya, Bis-kj-q, 

prim of N. Spain; (Bay of,) w. 

coast of France. 

Bisceglia, Be-Jel-yq, s-pt t Naples. 
Bisch wilier, BiJ-vil-er, t Fr.. 6%. 
Bisignano, Be-sen-yq-no, t Nap., 10. 
Bi.ssagos, Be-sq'-gos, or Bijooja Islands, 

Be jif>-ja, arch off the w. coast of 

Af., densely peopled with a savage 

negro race. 

Bissao, B-s>6.-on, i W. Af. 
Bistineau, Bis-tin-(>, / La. 
Bistritz, BU-trits, r and c Tran. 
Bitioog, Be-ti-dag, r Rus. 
Bizerta, Bs-zer-tq, ft s-pt Tunis, 10. 
Blackfeet Indians, n. and w. portions 

of Mo. Territory. 
Black Hills, m range Mo. Ter. 
Black Hole. See Calcutta. 
Black Lake, La., formed by a bayou of 

its own name. 
Black log Mountain, Pa. 
Black River, rs Cornwall, Ir., Vt., N- 

Y., N-J., S. C., La., Mo., 0., Mich., 

Wis., Mo. Ter. 
Black, or Euxine, Yq,k'sin, inland sea 

between Europe and Asia, length 

700 m., breadth, 380 m. 
Black Warrior River, Ala. 
Blackwater, r Ir.. 100 m.; three rs 
Eng.; (River,) N-H., Va. 

I.'land, Blak-welz, in the River, opposite N-Y., seat of 

the city penitentiary. 
Blanche, Blqnq, v Mo. 
Blaye, Bla, ft s-pt t Fr. 
Blegno, or Blenjo, Blen-yo, r Rwit. 
Blenheim, Blen-im, or Bleu-him, v 

Bar.: e N-Y. 

Bligh, Blj (Island?,) Feejee Arch. 
Block Island, belonging to Rhode Is. 
Blois, Blwq, anc c Fr., 17%. [U. S. 
Bloomfield, t Me., N-J.: and many r 
Hloomington, t la., 2: and other states. 
Bloomsburg, Bldamz-burg. t Pa. 
Blount, Bl^nt, cos Ala., Tenn. 
Bluefields, or Blewfields, Bloo-ftldz, r 

and t Mosquito Ter. 
Blue Mountains, in Pa., Or.. Jamaica, 

Australia. [ghany int. 

Blue Ridge, easterly ridgo of the Ale- 
Blue River, three streams of la., one 

of Wis. 

Bluestone, r s. w. part Vir. 
Blyth, or Blythe, Bljt, three rs Eng. 
Boavista, Bo-q-ves-tq, (or Bonavista,) 

i Af. 

Boechetta, Bo-ket-q, m W. Apennines. 
Bockenheim, B6k-en-hjm, t I! -so 

Ca?sel. [n. w. La. 

Bodcau, Bod-k'S, (Lake and Bayou,) 
Bodega, Bo-dg ga, and b Cal. 
Boaotia, Be-6-Ji-a, dep of Gr. 
Boglipoor, Bo-gli-piibr, (in- Bhaugnl- 

poor,) dig Brit. Ind., cap same, 30. 
Bogota, Bo-go-tq', (formerly Santa Fo 

de Bogota,) c cap New Granada, 40. 
Bohemia, Bo-he-mi-a, din Austrian 

Empire, forming the e. part of the 

Germanic Confederation, 20,000 s. 

m.; pop. in 1850, 4.409,900. 
Bohmerwald, Be-mer-vqlt, m Ger. 

between, Bohemia and Bavaria. 
Bohol, Bo-hdl, one of the Phil. Is. 
Bois Blanc, Bwq Blon, * Lake Huron. 
Bois D'ark, BJ Dqrk, v Mo.: r Tex. 
Bois-le-duc, Bwoj-'e-dek, ft c Neth., 


Bojana, Bo-y6,-nq, r Eu. Tur. 
Bokhara, Bo-Aq-rq, (called also Great 

Bucharia, ) state of Central AH;I, in 

Ind. Toorkistan, pop. '2,000,000; c, 

cap of same, 150. 
Htilahola, Bu-lq : bd)-lq. (or Burabora,) 

one of the Society Islands, Puc. Oc. f 
Bolbec. Bol-b(A, t Fr., 9}^. 
Bolingbroko, Bul-in-bruk, t Eng. 1. 
Bolivar, Bol-i-vor, various ts U. S. 
Bolivia, B^-l^-vi-q, or Upper Peru, 

st South America. Area, 374,480 

s. tn. pop. 1,030,000. 



Bolivia, Ba-liv-i-a, vs Miss., Mo. 

Bologna, Bo-lan-yq, c It., 75. 

Bolonchen, Ba-lon-qen, Yucatan, 7. 

Bolor-Tagh, Ba-lor-tqg, mountain 
chain of Central Asia. 

Bolsas, Bol-sqs, r Mexic >. 

B.jtnarsund, Ba-mar-sa>ud, ft island of 
Aland, Russia. 

Bombay, Born-ba, most westerly Pres- 
idency of British India. Area, 68,074 
s. in., pop. 7,240.277; c, s-pt and cap 
of the above presidency, 500. 

Boua, or Bonah, Ba-nq, ft s-pt Alge- 
ria, 9%. 

Bonaparte, Ba-na-pqrt, vs 111., Iowa. 

Bon Aqua, Bon Q'ktra, p o Tenn. 

Bonaventure, Bon-q-voh-ter, co C. E. 

Bondoo, or Bondou, Bon-do>, cy Sene- 
gatnbia. [Arch. 

Bongay, or Bangey, B>n-ga, i Malay 

Bon Homtne, Bon-ora, t Mo. 

Bonite, Bo-nst, p o Tex. 

Bonn, Bon. t Rhenish Prussia, 14). 

Bonne Feinme, Bon Fern, cr Mo. 

Bonpland, Bafi-plon, I Cal. 

Bonsecours, or Bonesecour, Ban-ss- 
kif>r, b Ala. 

Boom. Bum, t Belgium, 6%. 

Boondee, Bim-de, st and c Hindostan. 

Boone, B.nn, cos, -ville, ts U. S. 

Boorghas, Bjor-gqs, s-ptt Eu. Tur.,6. 

Boorhanpoor, Bcor-han-pdbr, c India. 

Bjoro, or Bouro, B-ra, i Malay Arch. 

Boosempra, Bjo-sem-pra, r Wes. Af., wBoussa, Boo-sa, t Cen. Af., 18. 

Boo tan, or Boutan, Ba>-iqn, ind st N. 

Boothia, B-ti-q Fe-liks insular por- 
tion Brit. N. Am.. Gulf, Brit. Am. 

Boquet, Bo-ka, r N-Y. 

Bordeaux, Bor-do, c Fr., 131. 

Borgia, B5r-jq. t Naples. 

Borgae, Born, I or 6 s. e. part of La. 

Borgoo, or Borgou, Bo/--gci>. two ks Af. 

Borinage. Ba-ri-nq;^, dis Belgium. 

Borneo, BJr-ns-o, * Malay Arch., ex- 
cepting Australia the largest island 
on the globe. The greatest length 
is 850, width 600 miles; area, 280,000 
s. m., pop. 2,000,000. [22. 

Borneo, or Brunai, Brc6-ni, t Borneo, 

Born holm, Bo/'n-holm, i Denmark, in 
the Baltic Sea, 25%. 

Borodino, Bor-o-dj-na, v N-Y. 

Borovsk, Bj)-rovsk, t Russia. 

Boscawen, Bos-ka-wen, t N-H. 

Bosco Tre-case, B6s-ko Tra-kq-sa, t 
Naples, 8}^. [60. 

Bosna Serai, Bos-nq Ser-j, t Eu. Tur., 

Bosnia, B6z-ni-q, prov Eu. Tur. 

Bosporus, Bos-po-ru^, (less correctly, 
Bosphorus, ) called also the Strait of 
Constantinople, a passage connecting 
the Black Sea with the Sea of Mar- 
mora, and separating Europe from 
Asia, 17 miles long. 

Bossier, Bos-i-a, par La. 

Boston, Bos -ton, s-pt t and par Eng., 
15j>^; second commercial city of the 
U. rf., crip Mass., 137. 

Boszormany, Bjz-er-many, t Hun., 17. 

Botany, B6t-a-ni, Bay, Pacific Ocaan. 

B >tetourt, Bot-e-tort, co Va. 

Bothelle, Ba-tel, p o Wis. 

Bothnia, B6t-ni-q, cy Nor. En.; g nor. 
part of Baltic Sea. [Fr. 

Bouches-du-Rhone, B^J-de-ron, dep 

Bouchoux, Las, La Bda-Jda, '; Fr., \%. 

Bouckville, B-sk-vil, p o N-Y. 

Bougainville, Bio-gah-vel, b in S. Am.; 
i in the Pacific. 

Bouguenais, Bo>g-na, t Fr. 

Bouie, Bi>-e, r Miss. 

Bouillon, B.Dl-yaii, or Bio-yon, t Bel. 

Bou'in, Bo>-aii, or Bwan, i w. coast Fr. 

Boulogne, Buo-l(in, or Bo>-loJny, s-pt t 
Fr., 30%. 

Bourbeuse, Buor-bez, or Btftr-bdoz, r Mo. 

Bourbon, BJb/--b6n, i Indian Ocean, 
Fr., 108: Biir-bon, co Ky. [12. 

Bourg-en-Bresse, Boorg-oii-Bres, t Fr., 

Bourges, Bit'g, c Fr., 25, built six cen- 
turies before the Christian era. 

Bourne, Barn, t and par Eng. 

Bourneville, Bi>rn-vil, v 0. 

Boutonne, Bin-ton, r Fr. 

Bouvignes, Boo-veny, v Bel. 

Bouxviller, Bda-vel-^r, t Fr. 

Bovina, Bo-vj-na, ts N-Y., Miss. 

Bovino, Ba-ve-no, t Naples. 

Bowdark, Ba-dqrk, r, Mo. 

Bowditch, Ba-diq, i S. Pac. [Me. 

Bowdoin, Ba-din, College, Brunswick, 

Bowdon, Ba-don, p os Ga,., Ala. 

Bowenville, Bj-en-vil, v Ga. 

Bowersville, Bs-erz-vil, v 0. 

Bowie, BiB-g, co Tex. 

Bowlesville, Bolz-vil, p o Va. 

Bowling Green, numerous vs U. S. 

Bowman, B6-man, p o Va. 

Boyaca, Ba-yq-kq, v New Granada. 

Boyana, Ba-yq-nq, b and t Madagascar. 

Boydton, Bffd-ton, p o S. C. 

Boyer, Btf-er, River, Iowa. 

Boyne, BiTn, r Ir. 

B-izzolo, Bot-sa-lo, t N. Italy, 5. 

Bra, Brq, t Piedmont, 8. 

Brabant, Brq-b4nt, North, prov Neth- 
erlands; South, prov Belgium. 

Braga, Brq-gq, c Port., 16. 



Braganea, Brq-go^n-sq, ts Port., Bra. 

Braho, Brq-e, r Prus. 

Brahilov, Brq-hi-loY, Brailoff, or Brai- 

low, Brq-i-lov, ft t Wai I nubia, 0. 
Brahmipootra, or Brahmaputra, Brq- 

m:i-pjb-f.ra, (or Burrampooter, ) r 

South Asia, 1500 miles. 
Brail'-*, Bralz, par Eng. [of Java. 
Bratnbanan, Brqtn-bq-nqn, dis island 
Bronco, Brqrj-ko, one of the Capo de 

Verd Inlands: r Brazil. 
Brandenburg, Prqn-den-bur;/, /vvjoand 

t Prussia; Bran-den-burg, t Ky. 
Brandywinc, Bran-di-win, cr Pa., and 


Brathay, Bra-ta, r Eng. 
Brattleborough, Brat-1-bur-o, v Vt. 
Braunau, Brs-nu, ts Upper Austria 

and Bohemia. 

Braunfel*, B.-isn-folz, t Wis. 
Braunsbsrg, Br-snz-ber<7, t Prus. 
Bray, Bra', r Fr. 
Brazil, Bra-zil, or Brq-zel, empire of 

South America; area, 3,1(58,800 s. m. 

It is divided inw> 18 provinces, pop. 


Brazoria, Bra-z6-ri-a, co and t Tex. 
Brazos, Brq-zos, co and r Tex., 900 m. 
Brazos Santiago, San-ti-q-go, 


Brazza, Brqt-sq, Dalmatia, 15}/^. 
Breat'y, Bre-fi, or Bra-fi, (Breagh- 

wee, Bra- we,) par Ir. 
Breathitt, Bret-it, co Ky. 
Breda, Bra-dq, ft t Netherlands, 1 2%. 
Breede. Bra-de. or Bred, r 8. Africa. 
Brejo, Bra -30, t Brazil. 
Bremen, Bra-men, free city of Ger., 

53; Bre-inen, tg U. S. 
]trenof.u. Bre-no, r Oregon Tor. 
Brenta, Bren-tq. nav r Lorn. 
Brescelia, Bra-Jel-a, (or Bregella,) t 

Nor. Italy, 2. 
Brescia, Br6J-i-a, or Br6J-q, c Lorn., 

cap. of the province, 35. 
Breslau, Bres-la, or Br&-ltF, c Prus., 

cap. of Silesia, 112)^. 
Brest, Brest, ft c Fr., 61J^. 
Breton, Cape, Bre-ton, t Urit. N. Am. 
Briangon, Bre-ou-san, t Fr.. 4}^. 
Bridgeport, Brij-port,*-2 c Ginn.. k n ,. 
]5rid^uton, Bri.j-ton, port of entry, N-J. 
Bridgetown, Brij-tun, can i Barbados, 


Bridge water, Brij-wo-tcr, l>or and r-pt 
Eng., 11; numerous rg U. S. 

Brieg, t BrgA, Pras. Silesia. \1}. 

Brighton, Brj-ton, bor s-pt t and wat- 
ering place, Eng.. 6'. : ).. 

Briguoles, Brea-ytil, t Fr. 

Brihueja, Bre-wa-gq. t Spain. 

Brindisi, Brin-di-sr, ft c Naples, fij<^. 

Hrioni, Bre-6-ne, I-lands. in Adriatic. 

Brioude, Brei6<i, t Fr., 5. 

Brisbane, Briz-ban, r co and East 

Bristol, Bris-tol, g-pt c and co Kng., 
137%: port of entry, R. I.; rt U. S. 

Bristol Channel, a. w. arm of the At- 
lantic, Great, Btituin. 

British America, Brit-if A-rneV-i-ka, 
northern portion of North America, 
comprising the Canada', New Bruns- 
wick, Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, 
Prince Edward's Island, Newfound- 
land, North-west Territory, and 
Hudson's Bay Territory; 2,fi84,000. 

British Empire, The, Brit-iJ Km'pjr, in 
many respects the greatest that has 
ever existed, comprehends the fol- 
lowing colonies ami ilopendf-ncies: 
Europe British Isles, Helgoland, 
Gibraltar, Malta and Gozo, Ionian 
Islands. Africa Gambia, Sierra 
Leone, Gold Coast Possessions Fer- 
nando Po, Ascension, St. Helena, 
Cipe Colony, Natal, Martritius, Sey- 
chelles. Asia Aden, India, (Brit- 
ish,) India, (Dependencies,) Tenas- 
serim Provinces, Ceylon, Penang, 
Malacca, Singapore, L-ibooan, ILmg 
Kong. America Canada Hast, 
Canada West, New Brunswick, Nova 
Scotia and Capo Breton, Prince Ed- 
ward Island, Newfoundland, Hud- 
son's Bay Territory, Labrador, West 
India Islands, Bermudas, Honduras, 
Guina, Falkland Islands. Avstral- 
atia New South Wales, South 
Australia, Wn<t -rn Australia, Vic- 
toria or Port Philip, Australia, (not 
settled.) Van Diemen's Lund. Xi-w 
Z -aland, Norfolk Island, Auckland 
Islands. Area, 8,356,781 s. m., pop. 

Britannia, Bri-tan-i-a, Islands, Pac. Oo. 

Brixham, Briks-am. s-pt t Eng., B. 

Brody, Brtb-di, t Aus. Gallicia, 17%. 

Bromberg. Br6in-bcr_7. I Prus. Pol., 9)^. 

Bromley. Bnim-li, t Eng. m 

Brorapton, Brdmp-ton, western sabnrb 
of London, Eng. 

Broinsgrovo. Bromz-grov, t Eng., 10J^. 

Bronte, Br6n-tn, t Sicily, 9J^. 

Brooklyn, Briik-lin, s-pt c N-Y., 125. 

Brookville, Briik-vil, ts la., 111., Iowa. 

Broughton, Brd-ton, t Eng. 

Broughty, Bw-ti, Ferry, v Scot. 

Brownsville, Brinz-vil, ts N-Y., Pa., 
Tex., Ark. 



Bruehe, BrfiJ, r Fr. 

Bruchsal, Br^A-H|l, t Ger., iy z . 

Bruges, Brifi-jiz, ft c Bil.; pop. once 

200, now scarcely 49%. 
Brunn, Bren, ft c Austrian Em.; cap 

Moravia ani Silesia, pop. 45 
Brunswick, Briinz-wik, ducky and c 

Ger.; t* Mo., Ga. 
Brusa, w Broussa, Bri6-sq, (also Bursa,) 

c As. Min., pop. 60. 
Brussels, Briis-elz, c, cap Bel., 123%. 
Briix, Breks, (or Brix,) t Bohemia, 3. 
Brzesc Litewski, B$et$ Le-tev-ske,/ t 

Rus , 8. [icia, 7. 

Brzezany, B^a-^q-ne, t Austrian Gal- 
Brzezyn, Bja-zin, t Pol. 3^. 
Buagie, Ba>-q-ge, Sikh statu Ind. 
Bubrooah, Bub-r<f>-q, t Hind., 2000 


Buccaneer, Buk-q-ngr, arch Ind. Oc. 
Bucaari, Bjo-kq-re, t-pt t Aus. 
Bnecino, Bjot-qz-no, t Nap.. o%- 
Buccleuch, or Buccleugh, Bu-khj,, par 


Buchanan, Buk-an-an, cos and vs V. S. 
Bucharest, or Bukharest. Bjo-kq-rest, 

cap Wallaehh, pop. 60%. 
Bucharia, Bq-ka-ri-a, ter Cen. Asia. 
Buchholz, BibA-holts, t S.ix. 
Buckatawny Buk-a-to-ni, r Miss. 
Buekeburg, Bik-e-bii/'g, t N. Gar. 
Buckingham, Buk-iy-am. t Eng. 
Bucyrus, Bq-sj-rus, < 0., 2)^. 
Biid-, Bi'i-dn, free e. cao Hun., 40}^. 
Budaaux, Bjb-do. par Eng. 
Biiios-Hjgy, Be-d6J-hoj, m Tran. 
Budukhshan, Bud-uA-Jqi. (<"* Badakh- 

shan,) ter Con. Asia; t, cap of the 

Budweis, Bud-wjs, or Budwitz, Biid- 

vits, t B .hernia, 8%. 
Buech, Be-aJ, or BwoJ, r Fr. 
Buenaventura, Bwa-nq-ven-tdb-rq, t 


Buena Vista, Bwa-nq Ves-tq, battle- 
field Mex.: and 35 r U. S. 
Buen Ayre. Bwan i'ra, (r)/ 1 Bon Air,) 

Dutch West India Island. 
Buenos Ayres, B6-nos A.rz, (Sp. Bwd- 

nos i'res,) o cap Buenos Ayres, pop. 

85.; prov S. Ain., area, 75,000 s. in., 

pop. 320. 

Buffalo, Biif-a-lo, c N-Y., 80. 
Buffalo Bayou, nav. stream Tex. 
Buffalo Lake, Wis.; three lakes of 

Brit. N. Am. 

Buffalo River, Tenn., Mo., Wis. 
Bus;, Boug, BiOg, {or Bog,) r Rus., 

340 m. 
Bugis, Boi-gez, people of Malay Arch. 

Bujalance, Bdt>-7iq-lqn-tfl, t Sp., 9. 

Bukharia, or Buebarta, Boo-ka-ri-a, 
ter Cen. Asia. 

Bulacan, B.n-lq-k4n, t Phil. I*., 9%. 

]?:il;i:n:i, Bd)-lq-mq. i-s w. coast of Af. 

Bul^a, Btol-gq, m. and t Abys. 

Bulgaria, Bul-ga-ri-a, pnro En. Tur. 

Bullina, Binl-yg-nq, r Mex^ Yuc. 

Bullion, Bui-yon, t Wis. 

Bullit, Biil-it, en Ky. 

Bullock, Bial-ok, co Ga. 

Bulii, Biil-te, Bailee, Bo^l-te, or Bul- 
tistiin, Bul-ti-stqn, (called also Little 
Thibet,) state Central Asia. 

Bunawe, Bun-e, v Slot. 

Bunchiom, Bun-qi-om, t Siam, 5. 

Uunuombo, Biig-koin, Co N. C. 

Bundelcund, Bun-del-kdnd, ter Hind. 

Bund-Em-er, Bund-e-mer, r Per. 

Bunker IL1I, celebrated height near 
Boston, Mass. 

Bunpoor, Bun-pAr, ft and dis W. Bel. 

Bunt/.lau, Biints-lTS, t Silesia 6J/ ; t 
Bohemia, 5. 

Burdette, Bur-de"t. v N-Y. 

Burdwan, Burd-won, dis Brit. Ind.; t 
cao above dis., 54. 

Bureau. liq,-ra. co and creek III. 

Burg, Bu/'A, t Saxony, 14}^. 

Burgau, Bia;'-g'8, t Bav. 

Burgdorf, BiifA-dorf, t Swit. 

Biirglen, Be;7t-len, c Swit. 

Burgos, Bcb/'-gos, proo and c Sp., 16. 

Biirgstfin, Be/'A-stjn, (or Birkstein) 
v Bohemia. 

Burgundy, Bur-gun-di, former prov Fr. 

Burhampoore. See Burhanpoor. 

Burhampooter River. See Brahma- 

Burke, Burk, cos and ts U. S. 

Burkha, or Burka, Btir-ka. t Ar. 

Burleson, Btir-le-son, co Tex. 

Burlington, Biir-lin-ton. most populous 
t Vt., 6V: c X-J., 4^: c Iowa, 7. 

Burraah, Burma, or Birraah, Ber-mq, 
state in Farther India : area 200,000 
s. ra., pop. in 182(5. 4.230.558. 

Burnley, Biirn-li, t Eng , 14%. 

Burriana, Bto-re-c^-nq, t Sp., 6J^. 

Burslem, Biirs-lem, t En^., 16. 

Burtscheid, Bia/'t-Jjt, or Borcette, Bor- 
s<t, t Prus. 

Bury, Ber-i, t En ? ., 3l/^. 

Bury St. Edmund's, t Eng., 14. 

Burzen, Bii?'t-sen, r Tran. 

Burzenland. Burt-sen-lqnt, difs Hun. 

Busca, Bj6s-kq, t Pied., 9. d 

Buseo, Bd>-sa-o, r and t Wai., 4J. 

Busheab, Bio-Je-qb, * Persian Gulf. 

Bujhi, Bq,-Jj, p o Ala. 



Hushing BiO-Jer, s-pt c Persia. 20. 
Bush River, S. C. 

Bus -a lie r. Bii.s-q-hcr, Sikh state, Ind. 
Bussel-o Biis-e-ro, cr la. 
Busto-Arsizio. Ba-ta-ar-seil-zi-G>, t 

It., 9%. 

Busvagon, Bo>s-vq-g6n, Phil. Ig. 
Bute, Hiit, i Scot., 934. 
Butow, Bo-tov, Prus. 
Buttahatchie, But-a-haq-e, r Ala., 


Butte, Btit, r, t and co Cal. [Wis. 
Butte des Morts, B^t da Mort, I and v 

Buttigliora, Bm-tel-ya-rq, < Pied. 
Buyeksville, Bjks-vil, p <> AI.-i. 
liiizancais, Be-zon-sa, / Fi., 5. 
Bylaugh, Bj-ln, p Eng. 
Hyrain River, Bj-ram, Conn. 
Byrne, Born, p o Tenn. 
Byrneville, Bern-vil, rs N. Y., lows. 
Byske, Be-ka, or Bis-ke, r Swed. 
Bytown, Bj-t^n, t C. W., 8. 
Byturney, Bi-txibr-ne, or Vaiturani, 

Vi-to-rq'-ne, r Hind., 400 m. 
Byzantium, Biz-i'm-Ji-um, ancient c on 

the site of modern Constantinople. 


Cababati, Kq-bq-b<t>-re, r Brazil. 
Cabagan, Kq-bq-gc'in, t Phil. Is., 11^. 
Cabapuana, Kq-ba-pco-c'i-nq, r Bra. 
Cabes. Kqb-es. gulf M"il. 
Cabool, Kq-biGl,' (or Caboul, Cabul,) 

Afg., 60. 

Cabra, Kq-brq, t Sp., 11 K- 
Cabrera, Kq-bra-rq, is Mud. 
Gabriel, Kq-bre-el, r Sp. 
Cacapon, Kak-a-pon, (often Cap-on,) 

r Va., 140 in. 

Caceres, Kq-ta-re^proz; and t Sp., 12. 
Caceres, Xueva, NiD-a-vq Kq-sa-rez. t 

Phil., 12. 

Cacbe, KaJ, r and t Ark.; cr Cal. 
Cachemaao, KaJ-s-inq-so, p o Ark. 
Cachimayo, Kq-QE-tni-o, r Bol., 340 m. 
Cachoeira, or Caxoeira, Kq-Ju-a-i-rq, 

c Bra., 15. 

Caddo, Kad-o, (Lake,) Tex., La. 
Cadereita, Kq-de-ra-i-tq, t Mex. 4. 
Cadiz, Ka-diz, (Sp. K^-det,) prov 

and c Sp., pop. 54. 
Cadwallader, Kad-wol-a-der, p o 0. 
Caen, Kon, c Fr. 
Caerleon, Ker-le-on, t Eng. 
Caernarvon, Ker-nqr-von, v Pa. 
(Jaerwys, Kjr-wis, t Wales. 
Caesarea, Ses-a-re-a, haven of Pales- 
tine, once a place of note, now a 

mass of ruins. 

Cagnyan, Kq-gi-dn, prov of Is. Luzon. 
Cagli, K(\l-ye, t It., 9^. 
Cagliari, Kql-yq- re, c cap Is. Sar., 30. 
Cagnano, Kqn-yq-no, t Naples, 4. 
Cagua, Kq-gwq, t Yen., 5J^. 
Cahawba. Ka-ho-ba, r Ala., nav. 100 

m.: t Ala. 

Cahete, Kq-a-ta, t Bra., 6. 
Cahir, or Caher, Ka-her, t Ir. 

Cahokia, Ka-hu-ki-a. v and cr 111. 
Gabon*, Kq-6r, < Fr., 13J4- 
Cailloma, r Caylloma, Kjl-yci-mq, 

prov and < S. Am. 
Caillou, Ka-yi6, or Ka-ldb, I I/a. 
Cairiris, Kj-re-res, m Brazil. 
Cairn, Karn, v and r Scot. 
Cairo, Kj-ro, cap c Egypt, pop. 250. 
Cairo, Kii-ro, t 111., at junction 0. and 

Miss. rs. 

Caitawistky, Kat-a-wist-ki, cr N. C. 
Cajazzo, Kq-yqt-so, or Caiasso, Kj-q- 

SO, t Naples. [Nap. 

Cajeta, Kq-ya-tq, (or Caieta,) s-pt c 
Calabar, Kq-lq-bqr, (or Cross River,) 

r Af., nav. 2011 in. 
Calabria, Ka-hi-bri-a, or Kq-l^-bri-q, 

part of Naples. 

Calahorra, Kq-lq-6r-q, c Sp., 5%. 
Calais, Kal-is, (Fr. Kq-la, ; s-pt t Fr.. 

100; C Me., 6. 
Calaisis, Kq-la-ze, dis Fr. 
Calamianes, Kq-lq-uie-q-nes, is Malay 

Arch. [Sumatra. 

Calantiga, Kq-lqn-tg-gq, w N. E. 
Calapooya, Kal-a-pd5-ya, p o Oregon. 
Calasparra, Kq-lqs-par-q, t Sp., 5^. 
Calata Bellota, Kq-lq-tq Bel-6-tq. t 

and r Sicily. 4%. [10. 

Calata Fimi, Kq-lq-tq Fe-me, t Sicily, 
Calabi-Scibetta, Kq-l^-tq-Je-b^t-ci, t 

Sicily, 4%. 

Calatayud, Kq-lq-tq-ydSd, t Sp., 8>^. 
Calaveras, Kal-a-va-ras, r California. 
Calayan, Kq-lq-y^n, t Malay Arch. 
Calbuco, Kql-bm-ko, or El Puerto, El 

Fu)-<Sr-ta, t Chili. 
Calcasieu, Kal-ka-Jo), r and I La. 
Calc.i, K<\l-c,E, v Tuscany. 
Calcinaja, Kql-qe-nq-yq, t Tuscany. 



Calcio, Kql-qo, t Lotnbardy. 
Calcken, Kql-k(;n, t Belgium. 
Calcutta, Kal-kiit-a, c Ilimlostan, seat 

of gov. British India, 230. 
Calder, Kil-dor, r Eng. 
Caldera, Kql-da-rq, port Costa Rica: 

s-pt Hiyu. 

Calder, Kql-der, r Scot. 
Caldewgate, K4l-di],-gat, suburb of the 

city of Carlisle, Eng., 5%. 
Caidwell, K4ld-wel. cos U. S. 
Caledonia, Kal-E-do-ni-a, anc. name 

of Scotland. 
Caledonian Canal, Scot., connects the 

North and Irish Seas, 60}^ miles. 
Caledonia, New, cy British N. Am.; i 


Calhoun, Kal-ht&n. rs Ga., <fec. 
Cali, Kq-lg, t Now Granada, 4. 
Calicut, Kal-i-kut, s-pt t Brit. Ind., 25. 
California, Kal-i-fer-ni-d, st U. S., 

area, 188,932 s. m., pop. in 1852, 

California, Gulf of, arm of the Pacific, 

w. of Cal., length, 700 miles. 
California, Lower or Old, de/t Mex. 
Calk's Ferry, Kaks, p o S. C. 
Callaghans, Kiil-a-hanz, p o Va. 
Callao, Kq-l's. i China Sea; Kq-lq-o, 

s-pt t Peru, 8}. [gon. 

Callapooya Indians, Kal-a-pc6-ya, Ore- 
Calmina, Kiil-me-na, t Africa, 15. 
Calmucks, or Caluiacks, people of Up- 
per Asia. 

Cain, Kqn, p Pa. 
Calne, Kqn, t Eng. 
Calore, Kq-16-ra, r Naples. 
Calpentyn, Kql-pen-tjn, pen and s-pt 

Caltagirone, Kql-tq-ji-ro-na, (or Cal- 

atagirone,) c Sicily, 21%. [17J4. 
Caltanisetta, Kql-tq-ni-set-q, c Sicily, 
Ciltonica, Kql-ton-i-kq, t Sicily, 7. 
Calumet, Kal-yu/inet, (or Caluinick,) 

r Ind., and 111. 

Calvados, Kql-vq-do3, dep Fr. 
Calvary, K:\l-va-ri, t Ohio. 
Calventura, Kql-ven-tcb-rq, is Bay of 


Calvert, K4l-vert, co Md. 
Calw, or Kalw', Kqlv, t Ger., 4>^. 
Calzada, Kql-tq-dq, t New Castile, 4. 
Cam, or Granta, r Eng. [Bra. 

Camacho, or Camaxo, Kq-mq-/o, Is 
Camacuan, Kq-mq-kwqn, r Brazil. 
Camanehe, Ka-man-qe, v Iowa. 
Camanche Indians, (or Comanche,) 

Mexico and Texas. 

Camaranca, Kq-mq-rq'n-kq, r Africa. 
Cauiargo, Kq-mqr-ga, t Mex., va U. S. 

Camargue, La, Lq Kq-m<\rg, pop i Fr. 

Camarinus, Kq-mq-rs-nes, ttoo prove 
Philippines, island of Luzon. 

Cambay, Kaua-ba, gulf and s-pt t Hin- 
dostan, 10. 

Cambodia, Kam-bta-di-q, (Gamboge, or 
Cambpja,) t Siain. [Fr.,21^. 

Cambrai, or Cambray, Kanj-bra, ft t 

Cambria, Kam-bri-a, ancient name of 
Wales; cos U. S. 

Cambridge, Kauj-brij, t Eng., 28; c 
Mass., 15J4: numerous us U. S. 

Camden, Kam-den, c N-J., 15; tt S. C., 
Ala., Miss., Ark., &c. 

Camenz, Ko,-ments, t Saxony, 4. 

Catnerino, Kq-ma-rg-no, c Italy. 

Cameron Kam-er-on, co and v Texas. 

Cameroons, Kam-er-<f>as, (or Gamer- 
ones,) r and ms West. Africa. 

Camiguin, Kq-mi-gen, Malay Arch. 

Camogli, Kq-mol-ye, t Sardinian 
States, 5%. 

Campagna, Kqm-pqn-yq, t Naples, 6%. 

Campbell, Kam-el, cos and vs U. S.; 
South Pacific Ocean. 

Campbelio, Kam-bel-o, v Mass. 

Campbelton,, s-pt t Scot. 

Gatnpeachy, or Campeche, Karn-pB-gi, 
gulf and s-pt t Yucatan, 18. 

Caaipinas, Kqm-ps-nq.s, c Brazil, 6. 

Campobasso, Kqm-po-bq-so, ft o Na- 
ples, 7%. 

Caintoos Kqm-t6s, or -t<6s, r S. Af. 

Cana, Ka-na, ruined t Pal.; p o la. 

Canaan, Ka-nan, or Ka-na-an, "Prom- 
ised Land" of the Israelites; vs U. S. 

Canada, Kan-a-da, two British prov- 
inces in N. America; area, 357,822 s. 
m., pop. 1,842,265. 

Canaderaga, Kan-a-de-ra-ga, I N-Y. 

Canadian, Kan-a-di-an, (or North 
Channel,) passage in St. Lawrence; 
r New Mexico, 900 m. 

Canajoharie, Kan-a-jca-har-g, v N-Y. 

Canandagua, Kau-an-da-gwa, v and I 

Cananore, Kan-a-nd>r, s-pt t Brit. Ind. 

Canaries, Ka-na-riz, (or Canary Is- 
lands,) arch Atlantic Ocean, 257%, 
belonging to Spain. 

Canasauga, Kan-a-se-ga, v Tenn. 

Canaseraga, Kan-a-se-re-ga, v N-Y. 

Canastota, Kan-as-to-ta, v N-Y. 

Canastra, Kq-nqs-trq, ms Brazil. 

Cancale, Kon-kql, b and s-pt t Fr., 6. 

Cancao, Kqn-k's, s-pt t Farther India. 

Candahar, or Kandahar, Kqn-dq-har, 
ft c and cap Central Afghanistan, 
pop. from 25 to 100. 

Canduish, Kan-daj, din India. 


Candin, Kan-di-a, (or Crete,) i Med.; 

g-pt e and cap island of Crete, 12; 

t Sardinia; Is U. S. 
Cane, Kan, (or Ken,) r India. 
Canete, Kqn-ya-ta, proo and s-pf t 


Cangallo, Kqn-gql-yo, proo and t Peru. 
Cangozitna, Kqn-gQ-ze-mq, (or Kan- 

gozimo,) e-pt t Japan. 
CangiiQU, Kqn-gtD-sd, r and t Brazil. 
Caniapuscaw, Kan-i-ap-us-ke, r and / 


Canicatti, Kq-ni-k4-tE, t Sicily, 18. 
Caninde, Kq-nen-da, r Brazil, 200 in. 
Canisteo, Kan-is te-o, co,r and v N-Y. 
Cannes, Kqn, s-pt t Fr. 
Cannon Kiver, Minn. Ter. 
Cannoucbee, or Canoochee, Ka-n<6-qe, 

r Ga. 

Canoma, Kq-ndi-mq, r Brazil. 
Canonsburg. t Pa. 
Canquaga, Kan-kwq-ga, cr N-Y. 
Canso, or Canseau, Kan-so, Gut of, 

passage bet. Nova Scotia and Cape 


Cantabrian, Kan-ta-bri-qn, ms Sp. 
Cantal, Kon-tql, dep Fr. 
Canterbury, Kan-ter-ber-i, e, ftor and 

co Eog.: pop. of c 18%; w U. S. 
Canton, Kan-ton, r and c China; pop. 

estimated by Balbi at 500,000, by 

others at 1,500,000; ts U. S. 
Canturio, Kqn-u6-ri-<3, (or Cantu,) t 


Oanuina. Kq-na>-m4, I Brazil. 
Cap au Gray, Kap o Gra, p o Mo. 
Cape Agulhas, R-gAl-yas, e. coast Af . 
Cape Aia, fl'yq, e. coast Russia. 
Cape Anguilla, An-gwil-qj coast New- 
Cape Apsheron, flp-Je-ron, e. Georgia, 

Caspian Sea. 

Cape Beam, Ba-arn, prom Fr. 
Caps Beaufort, B6-fort, Rus. America; 

Brit. America. 

Cape Boeo, Bo-a-o, w. point of Sicily. 
Cape Breton, Bre-ton, i Brit. N. Am.; 

length 100 miles; breadth 85 miles; 

pop. 54,880. 

Cape Coast Castle, ft t Africa, 10. 
Cape Cod, Mass., ($5 miles long, from 

1 to 20 miles wide. 
Cape Colony, or Cape of Good Rope, 

territory of Great Britain, the south- 
ern extremity of Africa, pop. 166,40!*, 

of whom 70,000 are colored. 
Cape Domesnc, or Demesnes, Do-man, 


Cape Fear River, N. C., nav. 120 m. 
Cape Uirardeau, Je-rqr-dti co and t Mo. 

Cape Grisnez, Gre-na, France, point 
nearest Britain. 

dine Haytien, Ha-ti-en, (formerly 
Cape Frangais. Fr<>n-sd,)-;rf t Ihiyti. 
Pop. in 1789, 18,500; in 1851, 6,1)110. 

Cape Horn, Harn, most s. point Aincr., 
on last island of the Fuegian Arch. 

Cape Island, c watering phici-, N. .1. 

Cape Malabar, Mal-a-bqr, s. e. extrem- 
ity of Mass. 

Cape Matapan, Mq-tq-p^n, s. extrem- 
ity, Morca, Greece. 

Cape May, s. extremity of N. J. 

Cape Maysi, or Maisi, Mj-se, e. ex- 
tremity of Cuba. 

Cape of Good Hope, see Cape Colony. 

Cape River, or Rio de Segovia, r Cen. 
America, 300 miles long. 

Capernaum, Ca-per-na-utn, anc c Pal. 

Cape Town, ft g-pt t S. Africa, 22}. 

Cape Trafalgar, Traf-al-g4r, headland 
of Spain. 

Cape Verd, (or Verde,) if w. Africa, 
Atlantic Ocean, pop. in 1834, 55,838. 

Cape Vincent, Vin-seat, port of entry, 

Capibaribc, Cq-pe-bq-re-ba, r Brazil. 

Capii, Kq-pt ; s, c Philippines, ll^- 

Cappadooia, Kap-a-dii-ji-a, anc prov 
Asia Minor: V Naples. 

Cap-<ali, Kqp-sq-h-, s-pt t Ionian Is., 5. 

Capua, Kq-poo-q. ft c Naples, 8. 

Caqueta, Kq-ka-tq, r S. Am. 

Caracas, Kq-r^-kqs, cand cap Ven.,63. 

Caraglio, Kq-rql-yo, t Piedmont, (ii^. 

Caramnassa., Kq-rqra-nq-sq, r Br. Irul. 

Carangamite, Kq-rqn-gq-inet, salt wa- 
ter lake, Australia. 

Caravaca, Kq-rq-vq-kq, I Sp., 10. 

Caravaggio, Kq-rq-vqd-jca, t Italy, 6. 

Caravciliis, Kq-rq-vel-qs, g-pt t Bra., 5. 

Carbondale, Kqr-bon-dal, c Pa. 

Carcajente, Kqr-kq-Aen-ta, t Sp., 6J. 

Carcassonne, Kq?'-kq-s6n, c Fr., 20. 

Cardenas, Kq>-da-nqs, s-pt t Cuba, 6. 

Cardiff, or Caerdiff, Kqr-dif, g-pt t 
South Wales, 18. [Walc.. 

Cardigan, K(\r-di-gaa, co, t and b S. 

Cardington, K^r-difl-ton, v 0. 

Cariaco, Kq-ri-q-ko, gulf and t Ven- 
ezuela, 7. 

Caribbean, Kar-i-bg-an, Sea, portion 
of the North Atlantic Ocean. 

Caribees, Kar-i-bez, part of the West 
India Islands. 

C;rignano. Kq-ren-y^-no, t Pied., 8. 

Carinhenha, Kq-ren-ye'n-yq, r and t 

Carini, Kq-re-ne, rand t Sicily, 7. 

Cailctou, Kqrl-tou, t) Iowa. 



Carlisle, Kqr-ljl, " Eng.. 2<>X; t Pa., 
6; vs Ky., 0., Ind., &c. 

Carlow, Kqr-lo, co, par and t Ir., 8%. 

Carlowitz, or Karlowitz, Kqr-lo-vits, 
t Austria, 5J^. [ing-place. 

Carlsbad, Kqrlz-bqt, t Bohemia, water- 

Carlscrona, or Karlskrona, Kqrls-krcij- 
nq, jt s-pt t Sweden, 12)^. [5. 

Carlsharan, Kq>ls-hqm, ft s-pt t Swed., 

Carlsruhe, or Karlsruhe, KqHz-ri, c 
cap. of Baden, 25%. 

Carlstad, Kqrl-stqt, j)rov and t Swed. 

Carlyle, Kqr-lil, -vs Ala., III. 

Carmagnola, Kqr-raqn-yo-lq, t Pied. 

Carmarthen, Kqr-mq, r 'den, s-pt t S. 
Wales, 10>. 

Carmel, Kqr-inel, m Palestine. 

Carmen. Kqr-men, i Gulf of Cal. 

Carmi, Kqr-rui, v 111. 

Cannoe, Kqr-me-e, i Norway, 6J^. 

Carmona, Kqr-inci-nq, c Sp., 13. 

Carnarvon, Ka-nqr-von, (or Caernar- 
von,) b and s-pt t North Wales, 8%. 

Carolina, Kar-Q-lj-na, vs Miss., Tex., 

Caroline Islands, (or New Philippines,) 
arch, of Oceania. 

Carondelet, Ka-ron-de-let, v Mo. 

Carony, or Caroni, Kq-ro-ne, r Vene- 
zuela, 400 miles. 

Carora, Kq-na-rq, (or Caroro) t Ven., 9. 

Carouge, Kq-rdbj, t Swit., 5. 

Carpathian, (or Kar-) Kqr-pa-6i-an, 
mountain range in Europe, chiefly in 

Carpentaria, Kqr-pen-tq-ri-a, gulf in 
S. Pac. Oc., n. coast of Australia. 

Carpentras, Kqr-pon-trqs, c Fr., 10%. 

Carrara, Kq-j-q-rq. c It. [8/4- 

Carrick-on-Suir, Kar-ik-on-ssr, t Ir., 

Carrollton, vs Ga., Ala., Miss., La., &c. 

Carson's Lake, w. part Utah Ter. 

Cartagena, Kqr-ta-je-na, c Sp., 27%. 

Cartagena, or Carthagena, Kqr-ta-js- 
na, New Granada, 18. 

Cartago, Kq;'-tq-go, r and J Mosquito 
Coast ; cap Costa-Rica; t New Gran. 

Cartaya, Kqr-tj-yq, t Sp., 4. 

Carthage, Kqr-taj, anc cap of a fa- 
mous country of the same name in 
Northern Africa; numerous vs U. S. 

Carthagena, Kqr-ta-js-na, p o 0. 

Carupano, Kq-roo-pq-no, s-pt t Vene- 
zuela, 5. [Fr., 4. 

Carvin-Kpinoy, Kqr-van-Oi-pE-nwq, t 

Casale, Kq-sq-la, prov and t Sardinian 
States, 21. 

Casanare, Kq-sq-nq-ra, r N-Granada., Kq-sqs-Grqn-des, t 
Chihuahua, 3. 

Cascade, Kas-kad, City, Wash. Ter. 

Cascade Range, ms w. part of Oregon. 

Casco, Kas-kco, Bay, Me. 

Caserta, Kq-ser-tq, t Naples, 25%. 

Cashel, KaJ-el, c Ir., 8. 

Cashie, KaJ-i, r N. C. 

Cashmere, Kashmir, Kachemir, or 
Cachetnire, Kqf-mer, cy Hindostan, 
under the protection of Eng.; pop. 
200,000, having been reduced, in 
twenty years, from 800,000, by earth- 
quakes, pestilence, and famine. 

Cash River, s. extremity of III. 

Casoria, Kq-sw-ri-q, t Naples, 8. 

Caspe, Kqs-pa, t Sp., 1%. 

Caspian Kqs-pi-an, Sea, inland sea 
bet. Europe and Asia: length, 760 
m., breadth, 270 m. 

Cassadaga, Kas-a-da-ga, I and v N- Y. 

Cassandra, or Kassandra, Kq-sqa-drq, 
pen and gulf Eu. Turkey. 

Cassay, Kq-sa, (Kathee, or Munni- 
poor,) ind cy Farther Ind., 75%. 

Cassel, or Kassel, Kq-sel, walled city 
of Germany, cap. of Hesse-Cassel, 
pop. 343^; also ft t Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, pop. 2%; liq-sel, t Fr., 4^. 

Cassiquiare, Kq-si-ks-q-ra, (or Cassi- 
quiari,) r Venezuela. 

Cass Lake, central Mich. 

Cass River, Mich. 

Cassville, ts N-Y., Pa., Ga., Mo., &c. 

Castalia, Kas-ta-li-a, v O. 

Castel-a-Mare, Kqs-tel-q-mq-ra, c Na- 
ples, 16; t Sicily, 6. 

Castellon de la Plana, Kqs-tel-yon da 
Iq Plq-nq, c Sp., 17. [10. 

Castelnaudary, Kqs-tel-no-dq-re, Fr., 

Custel Xuovo, Kqs-tel Nco-6-vo, jt t 
Dalmatia, 7. 

Castiglione, Kqs-tgl-yo-na, ts Italy, 
Naples, Sicily, &c. 

Castile, Kqs-tel, former kingdom of 
Spain, (Old and New,) ts Q. S. 

Castine, Kas-tsn, port of Entry, Me. 

Castlebar, Kas-1-bqr, r and t Ir. 

Castlereagh. Kas-l-ra, r Australia. 

Castleton, Kds-1-ton, r* Vt., N-Y., 4c. 

Castletown, Kds-l-t'sn, cap Isle of 
Man, Eng., 2^. 

Castor, Kas-tor, bayou La.; r Mo. 

Castres, Kqs-tr, t Fr., 20%. 

C.istro, Kqs-tro, s-pt t Naples, 7; t 
As. Turkey, 6)^: ts Brazil, Chili. 

Castro-del-Rio, Kqs-tro-dcl-R(j-o, t 
Sp., 9. [Sicily, 11X- 

Castrogiovanni, Kqs-tro-jo-v^-ne, o 

Castro-Urdiales, Kqs-tro-CDr-di-q-les, 
t Sp., 3. 

Catahoula. Kat-a-hc6-la, I La. 



Catalamet, Kat-a-la-met, v Wash. Tor. 
Catalonia, K(j-tq-lo-ni-a, old prov Sp. 
Catamarca, k.q-tq-inq>-kq, dtp and t 

La Plata, 4. 
Catanduanes, Kq-tqn-ddo-o^-nes, one of 

the Philippine Islands. 

Catania, Kq-tq-ni-q, g and c Sicily, 
Catani-iro, Kq-tqn-zq-ra, c Nap., 1 IJ^f. 
Catapuliohe, Kq-lq-puo-Ie-qa, r S. Am. 
Catasauqua. Kat-a-se-kwa, t? Pa. 
Catatonk, Kat-a-togk, p o N. V. 
Cataultt, Ka-to-la, cr and /< <> 6a. 
Catawba, Ka-te-ba, r N. and S. C. 
Catawissa, Kat-a-wis-a, m, cr and v 


Cateau, Le, Le Kq-t<5, t Fr., 8>. 
Catfish River, Wi*. 
Catorce, Kq-ter-fca, t Hex. 
Catrimani, Kq-tri-mq-ne, r Brazil. 
Catrine, Ka-tren, v Scot. 
Ciitskill, Kats-kil, w and t N-Y. 
Cattevraugus, Kat-a-ro-gus, cr and c 

Cattaro, Kq\-tq-ro, -p t Austria.' 
Cattegat, Kat-e-gat, arm of North 

Sea, w. Sweden. 
Cauainbc. Ky-qm-ba, or Gaume, Gi- 

ma, r Brazil. 

Cauca, K's-kq, r New Gran. 
Caucasus, Ko-ka-sus, range of moun- 

tains forming the boundary bet. Eu- 

rope and Asia, 700 m. in length. 
Caucasus, portion of the Russian Em- 

pire contiguous to Caucasian Mis. 
Caudebec-les-Elbeuf, Kod-bek-laz-El- 

bef, t Fr., 1%. 

Caughdenoy, Ke-de-ntfr, p o N. Y. 
Caughnawaga, Kn-na-we-ga, v N-Y. 
Cauquenes, Kx-ka-nes, min. springs, 


Caura, K'S-rq. r Venezuelan Gaiana. 
C'auten, Kv-i6n,(ar Imperial,) r Chili. 
Cauto, Ki-to, r Cuba. 
Cava, K4-vq, t Naples 13. 
Cavaillon, Kq-ra-you, t Fr., 71^. 
Cavanas, Kq-v^-nqs, port of Cuba. 
Cavery, K^-ver-i, (or Caurery,) r Ind. 
Cavesa, Ka-va-sa, cr Tex. 
Cave Spring, Ga., seat of state asylum 

for the deaf and dumb. 
Cavit^, Kq-ve-ta, ft t-pt t Phil. Is. 
Cawnpoor, Caunpoor, Kan-pd>r, (or 

Caunpore,) di* and t Hindostan. 
Caxamarca, iir Cajamarca, Kq-Aq-mo^r- 

kq, c Peru, 8. [Bra. 

Caxias, or Cachias, Kq-Je-q, com. t 
Cayambe, Kj-4m-ba, (or Cayambeur- 

cu, Ki-qm-ba-dor-kob, m in Ecuador, 

19,535 feet high. [t At. Oc. 

Cayenne, Kj-en, a-pt cap Fr. Guiana; 

Caymans, Kj-mqnz, three it Brit. W. 

Caymites, Kj-met, two i West Ind. 

Caymito, Kj-ine-to, r New Gran. 

Cayo Cocas, Kj-a Ka-kqs, i Carribean 
Sea, belonging to Cuba: Lurgn, 
Lqr-go, ditto; Romano, RQ-UM\- 
na, ditto. 

Cayuga, Ka-yq,-ga, I, v and co N-Y.; 
f Miss., Mich., Can. West. 

Cayuse, Kq-yqs, Indians, Oregon. 

Cayuta, Ka-yq,-td, v, cr and I N-Y. 

Cazembe, Kq-zem-br, cy Africa. 

Cazenovia, Kaz-en-6-vi-a, v N- V'., 5. 

Cazorla, Kq-tsir-lq, c Sp., 7)^. 

Cea, Ra-q. r Sp. 

Ceccano, 6ek-o.-no, v It., 6. 

Cecina, Ga-qe-nq, r Tus. 

Cedar Bluff, c Ala. 

Cedar Rapids, ' Iowa. 

Cedarville, ts X-J., 0., Ac. 

Cefalu, Ga-fq-ldb, ft t-pt t Sicily, 9. 

Ceglie, Gal-ya, c Naples, 7^- 

Cuhegin, 3a-a-Aen, t Sp., tf^- 

Celebes, S61-e-bes, t Malay Arch., gov- 
ernment federal and republican, ]><>p. 
2,000,000. 112. 

Celle, T-s^l-e, or Zell, Tsel, t Hanover, 

Centenary College, Jackson, La. 

Central America. See America. 

Central Falls, t) R. I. 

Central Village, or North Plainfield, 
manufacturing v Conn. 

Centreville, Sen-ter-vil, ts Mass., R. I., 
Conn., 0., la., &c., &.<s. 

Cephalonia, Sef-q-lo-ni-q, i Med.; 
length 32 m., breadth 12 m.; under 
protection of Eng., pop. B3J^. 

Ceram, or Zeram, Se-rqn, i Malay 
Arch., 226. 

Cerea, Ga-ra-q. t Lorn., 5%. 

Ceresco, Se-res-ko, r Mich.. Wis. 

Cerignola, Ga-ren-yo-lq, t Nap., 10J^. 

Cerigo. Ger-i-go, 8. Ionian Is., pop. . 

Cerro-de-Pasco, Ser-o da Pqs-ko, t 
Peru, 16. 

Cerro Gordo, Ser-o Gor-do, battle- 
field, 60 m. n. w. city Mex.; rt U. S. 

Cesena, Ga-sa-nq, t It., 12. 

Cesnaj,ico, Ga-sa-nOj-ti-ko, t-pt t Pon- 
tifical States. 

Cette, Set, ft t-pt t Fr., 19^. 

Cettina, Tse-tc-nq, r Austria. 

Ceuta, Sn-ta, s-i>l t Af., belonging to 
Sp., 8K. 

Csvennes, Sa-v6n, me Fr. 

Ceylon, Se-lon, * Ind. Oc., belonging 
to Great Brit., l(nzth 270 m. breadth 
100 in., pop. 1,507,000. 

Cezimbra, Sa-zein-brq, t-pt t Port., 5. 



Chabeuil, S\-bely, t Fr.. 4}. 
Cliab'.ais, J^-bla, proa Savuy, 51 
Cuachacomaui, Kq-<jq-ku>-inq-n, m 
peak Andes, in Bolivia, 20,235 ft. 
Chachapoyas, $q-c,q,-p>J-yqs, (w Cha- 

capoyas,) t Poru. 

Chadd*, Gad-a, r Guinea. [Plata. 

Chadi-Leubu, fc/q-de-Le-a>-b<fi. r La 
Ciiaeronea, Ker-o-ne-a, ruined c of Gr. 
Chagres, Cq-gres, s-p t New Granada. 
Chagres River, I-tluu>is of Panama. 
Chagrin Falls, Hi-grin Folz, and r 0. 
Chateis, Kal-sis, (or Negropont) t Gr. 
Chaldea, Kal-de-a, ane dio As., on 

the Euphrates. 

Chaleur, E^-l^r, b Gulf of St. Law. 
Chalonnes-sur-Loire, Zq-16n-ser-lwqr, 

t Fr. [c Fr., 15%. 

Chalons-sur-Marne, E^-lJm-ser-mq/'n, 
Chalon-sur-Saone,, t Fr., 16)^. 
Chain i, fclq-inq, r Ven. 
Cfiamahatchie, b'am-a-haq-i, |3 Ala. 
Cuainbarsburg. Gain-berz-burg, I 

Pa., 5 ; r* O.. la. 

Chambersia, Gain-ber-Ji-a, v Tex. 
Ch.unbery, S ni-ba-rs, c, cap S.ivoy, 16. 
Chambly, S un-bli, cc> and C. E. 
Chamouni, Sq-nna-ne, (nr Chamonix,) 

picturesque val and t Sar. States. 
Cliampagne, Sjn-pquy, old prov Fr. 
Caainpaguolle, S-iiu-pan-yol, cr and 


Champaign, Sim-pan, cos U. S. 
C;ia:u jl-iiu, Xim-plan, I bet. N-Y.. 

and V't., 130 by % to 10 m.; i N-Y., 

5; t) C. E. 

Ghaaahachee, San-a-huq-e, p o Ala. 
Cuaadeleur, Xin-de-lifii', 6 s. e. La. 
Chandernagore, Xqu-der-nq-gor, Fr. t 

Bengal, 35%. 

Cliandlersville, 6and-lerz-vil, t O. 
Cuangehoofoo, t!qn-(ja)-fi6. c China, 

pop. from 800,000 to 1,000,000. 
Ch ing-Mai, fc!qg-rai, t Laos, 25. 
Chang-Sha, 6qg-Jq, c China. 
Ciiannahon, fe/an-a-hon, v 111. 
Channel 6an-el (Islands,) group in 

the Eng. Chan., belonging to the 

Eng. crown. 
Chao-Tchoo, (?q-o-Q'6, or Tehao-Cheou- 

Fau, yq,~ t ' ) 'Q a "*'f a) ' China. 
Chap-ila, fcjq-pq-lq, I Mox. 
Chapari, Sq-pq-re, r Bol. 
Caapalle A;^non, La, Lq Sq-pel flri- 

yj)h. t Fr. 
Chapelle St. Denis, La, San Da-ne, 

t Fr., 18%. 

Chapula River, 6a-po-la, Fa., Ala. 
Chapoo, &q-po>, or E^-pcb, t China. 
Chappaqua, fcJa-po-kwa, -o N-Y. 

Chapultepec, 6q-pa>l-ta-p6k, fortresa 

of ilex., 2 m. 3. w. of the capital. 
Charbar, Gqr-bqr, (or Choubar,) b Bel. 
Chard, Gqrd, t Eng., b]^. 
Chardon, tfqr-don, t O., 1. 
Charikar, fc!ar-i-kqr, t Afg., 5. 
Chariton, Gar-i-ton, r low, and Mo., 

r .Mo., Iowa. 

Charleinont, fe'qr-le-mont, v Mass. 
Charlerpi, Xjr-le-rij, ft t Bel., 6^. 
Charles River, Mass. 
Charleston, c and port of entry, S. C., 

43 ; tt and vs III., Iowa, &c. . 
Charlestown,6qrlz-tTjn, c and s-pt ad- 
joining Boston, M;iss., pop. 17>4; ct 

N-H., Pa., Va., la. 
Charleville, E>^r-le-vsl, t Fr.. 9. 
Charlevoix, Eqr-ls-vdr, co M.oh. 
Charloe, 6J4r-l(a, O. 
Cnarlotte, Xqr-lot, t* Vt., N-Y., N. C. 
Charlotte Aiualie, -H-mq-le-e, t, cap 

of the Is. St. Thomas, 10. 
Charlotte Harbor, (vr Boca Grande,) 

w. coast of Fa. [Prus., 7%. 

Charlottenburg, Sir-lot-eu-bta/'A, t 
Charlotte River, N-Y. [Va., la. 

Charlottesville, Sqr-lots-vil, ts N-Y., 
Charlotte-town, cap Pr. Edward Is., 

Brit. Am., 4%. 
Charties, t'qr-tsrz, t Pa. 
Chartres, E^r-tr, c Fr., 18%. 
Chateaugay, )G-tQ-ga, r, I and t N-Y.J 

v and r C. E. 

Chateauroux, Xj-to-rcf), t Fr., 16. 
Caathain, Cat-am, r-pt, naval argenai 

and t Eng., pop. 2SV : vs Mass., 

Cjnn., N-Y., N-J., 111., C. E., C. 

W., N-Brunswick. 
Chatham Harbor, e. ex. Cape Cod. 
Dhathaiu Islands, S. Pae., e. N-Zeal. 
Chattahoochee, 6at-a-ho>-qs, r Ga., 

length 550 m., nav. 350 m. from the 

Gulf; v Fa. containing U. S. aw. 

hattanooga, 6at-a-ndb-ga, v Tenn. 

hattooga, Ca-tA-gii, r bet. S. C. and 

Ga., also r Ala. 

haudiire, Ea-de-^, f C. E. 

.luuiiioiit, Xjj-miih, t Fr., 6)^. 
Chaumont, Xu)-inia, v N-Y. 

hauncey, Gqn-si, v 0. 

hautatique, Ea-ta-kwe, co and I N-Y. 

haux-de-fond, La, Lq Xco-de-fiah, t 


Chazy, Z\z-e, r, I and v N-Y. 
^headle, Gt-dl, t Eng.. 4%. 
Jheat River, Va. and Pa. 
Jheduba, Ge-di6-bq, i Far. Ind., 8}^. 
Dheektowaga, Gek-to-a-ga, p o N- Y. 
Dhehaw, t/s-he, r S. C. 
Jhehalis, Ws-ha-lis, co Wash. Ter. 



Chelmsford, (iMmz-ford, t Eng., 7% 
Chelsea, Gel-se, t Eng., 5G>. 
Chelsea, Gel-se-a, vs V t. 2; Mass., 6%, 

Mich., &o. 
Cheltenham, Ge'lt-nam, 2 and watering 

place, Eng., :>.). 

Chemnitz, //em-nits, < Sax., 28%. 
Chemuiig, Xe-miin, r, co aud v N-Y.; 

c III. 

Chenango, Se-nan-ga, r and <w N-Y. 
Chenook, Ge-ncLk, (or Chinook,) tf 

Wash. Tor. 

Cli,'|>;ichet, Ge-pak-et, v R. I. 
Cbepillo, Ga-pel-ycj, t off the a. coast 

of the Isthmus of I'.iiiiiin.i. 
Chcpo, Ga-po, r and i N-Gran. 
Clicpstiiw, Gep-sto. t and r-pt Eng. 
Cher, Xq,/", r Cen. Fr. 
Cherasco, Ka-rqVkw, f Pied., 8%. 
Cheraw, Ge-re, S. C., 1. 
Cherbourg. Xer-burg, ft s-pt t naval 

station, Fr., 28. 
Cheribon, or Sheribon, E&r-i-bon, s-pt 

t Java, 11. 
Cherokoe, Ger-o-ke, (Indians) a noble 

tribe who formerly occupied the 

southern portion of the Appalachian 

Mountains, aud contiguous ter., now 

nearly extinct; cos and r# U. S. 
Cherry Valley, ta N-Y., Pa., Tenn., 

III., &e. 
Cherso, Ker-so, i of Illyria, in the 

Adriatic, pop. 14. 
Chersone.^us, Ker-so-ne-su; 1 , anc. name 

of several peninsulas. 
Chertsey, Ges-i, t Eng., 6. 
Chesapeake, Ges-a-pek, largest 6 in 

U. S., length, 20U in. 
Chesapeake City, v Md. 
Cheshain, GeJ-am, t Eng., 6. [&c. 

Cheshire, Ge/-er, vs Mass., Conn., 0., 
Chestatee, Ges-ta-te, r Ga. 
Chester, Getter, c Eng., 27%; vs N-H., 

Vt., Mass., Cjnn., N-Y., Pa., III. 
Chesterfield, Ges-ter-feld, t Eug., 1] ; 

v N-H., Mass., S. C., &c.; Inlet, 

Brit. N. Ain., length, 250 m. 
Chester Kiver, Del., and Md. [0., &o. 
Chestertown, r* N-Y., Md., Pa., S. C. 
Chesuncook, Ge-siin-kuk, I Me. 
Chetachee, Ge-tq-^e, or Ala. 
Cuetiuiaches, Get-im-a^-ez, or Set- 

inaj, I La. [m Eng. 

Cheviot, Giv-i-ot, or G4v-i-ot, v 0.; 
Chiantla, Ge-qnt-lq, r and t Gua. 
Chiapa, Ge-4-pq, 8. state Mex. Con., 

pop. 162. [7. 

Chiaramonte, Ke-q-rq-m<5n-ta, t Sie., 
Chiari, Ke-q-re, t Lorn., 9. [10>. 
C'liiavari, Ke-q-vq-re, t iSar. btates, 

Chicago, Xi-ko-go, com. c Til., on L:iVo 
Mich, and Chicago Itiver, remarka- 
ble for its rapid growth. It con- 
tained in 1840, 4% inhabitants, 
1850, 30; 1853,60%; 1855. - 

Chicapa, Ge-kq-pq, r and I Mi-x. 

Chichestcr, Giij-es-ter, c Eng., 8%. 

Chickahominy, Gik-a-houi-i-ui, r Va. 

Chickaniauga, Gik-a-mo-ga, cr Ga. and 

Chickasaw, Gik-a-se, r Ga.; v Ala.; 
Indian tribe originally occupying 
portions of Mississippi and Alabama. 

Chickopeo, Gik--pe, r Mass. 

Chiukopee Falls, v Mass., 2%. 

Chico, Ge-fo, ji o Cal. 

Cliicot, Xe kw, co Ark. 

Chiusoi, Gek-*6-e, r Guatemala. 

Chiu'tawaga, Gik-ta-we-gn, tp N. Y. 

Chienne ur Cheyenue, Xe-en, Indian 
tribe Mo. 

Chieri, Ke-a-rs, t Pied., 13^. 

Chieti, Ke-a-tt, ft c Naples, 17%. 

Cuignecto, Xig-uek-to, o bt. N. Si. and 
N. B. 

Chihauhau, Ge-wd.-wq, c aud ft Mex- 
ican Confederation, 14. 

Cuikiri, Cheekeeree, or Tchikiri, Ge- 
ke-re, ; Mantchooria, China. 

Chila, Ge-lq, r Pern, 105 m. 

Chilapa, Ge-lq-pq, and Chilapilla, Ge- 
Iq-pel-yq, rs. Mex. 

Chilhowee, Gil-h-s-t, m and p o Tenn. 

Chili, Gil-e, iiul rep'A. A., area 170,000 
8. m., pop. mostly of Spanish and 
Indian descent,; i'n N-Y., U., Ind., 
111., &o. 

Chillicothe, Gil-i-kot e, c 0., 7^; c 
111., Mo., Iowa. 

Chillisquaque, Gil-is-kwo-kwe, v and 
cr Pa. 

Cuillitecaux, Sil-i-ts-ko, p o Mo. 

Chilo, Gj-lo, 0. 

Chiloe, Ge-lu-a, i w. coast S. A., 42. 

Chilpanziugo, Gel-pqn-sin-gui, t Mex. 
Confederacy, 27. 

Chiltepec, Gel-ta-pek, r Mex. Con. 

Chitnbarongo, 6:Em-bq-r6n-gO, r Chili. 

Chiuiborazo, Gim-bo-rq-za, m S. A, 
Height, 21,424 ft. 

Chiinepanipcsiick, Esm-pq-nep-stek, r. 
Canada East. 

China, (see Chinese Empire) vs Me.. 
N Y., Mich., Ac. 

China Sea, portion of the Pacific Oc. 

Chinchu Islands, Gin-c/i ^landi, tre 
small /* Pac. Uc. near Peru, noted for 
thuir guano. 

Chinchilla, Gin-qel-yq, c Spain, 12^. 

Chinuhou, Geu-^uu, t dpaiu, -j; 3 . 



Chin-ehoo, Gin-qif>, region and c China. 

(Jhincoteague, Giy-ko-tsg. p o Va. 

Chinendega, Gs-nen-da-gq, New and 
Old is Nicaragua. 

Chinese Empire, extensive ter. of Asia. 
Area, 5,000,000 s. m.; pop., 400,- 
000,000. Divided into China Proper 
and the dependencies : Corea, Mant- 
chooria, Mongolia, Elee, including 
Soongaria, East Toorkistan, Koko- 
nor, Thibet, and various islands. 

China Proper, area 1,297,999 s. m.; pop. 

Ching-H;ii, Girj-hj, seaport t China. 

Ching-Kiang, Gin-ke-qy, c China. 

Ching-Kiang-Foo, Giy-kE-qij-iob, ft c 
China. [India. 

Chingleput, Giij-gl-put, dis and e Br. 

Chiobbe, Gs-ob-a, t China, 300. 

Chioggirt, K-6d-ja,/ t N. Italy, 27. 

Chipicani, Gs-pE-kq-ne, m p Andes. 
Height, 19,740 ft. 

Chipola, Gi-pa-la, T Ala., 150 m. 

Chippenham, Gip-num, t Eng. 

Chippewa, Gip-e-wa, rs 0., Mich., Wig.: 
vs Pa., 0., la.. 111., C. W. [Wis. 

Chippeway or Ojibbeway, Indian tr 

Chiquimula de la Sierra, Ge-ke-indb-lq 
da Iq S-e>-q, t Can. A. 

Chiquimula, int. Cen. A. 

Chiquitos, Ge-ke-tos, ter Bolivia. 

Chiriqui, Gs-rE-ks, r, lagoon and arch 
Costa Rica. 

Chirripo, Ge-;'E-po, rot and r Costa Ri. 

Chisago, Gi-se-gu>, co Minnesota. 

Chiswick, 6iz-ik, par Eng. [Y. 

Chittenango, Git-en-aij-gO, cr and N- 

Chivasso, KE-vq-so, c Piedmont, 7%. 

Chocolochee, Go-ko-16-qf, o' Ala. 

Choctaw, G6k-t9, Ind tr Miss, [and Fa. 

Choctawhatchee, Gok-te-haq-E, T Ala. 

C hoes toe, Go-sto, p o Ga. 

Choiseul, Swq-zel, * S. Pac. Oc. 

Choleechel, Go-la-qel, *' La Plata. 

Cholet 67- Chollet, Eo-la, t France, 10% 

Cholaiondeley, Giim-li, seat of a mar- 
quis, Eng. [Indians. 

Cholula, Go-luS-lq, t Mex., 10, wholly 

diono*, Gii-nos, arch W. Patagonia. 

Ch o- Kiting, Goo-ke-qg, Chinese for 
Canton River. 

Choptank, Gop-tank, r Del. and Md. 

Chorley, G6r-li, t Eng., 12%. 

Chorolque, Go-rol-ka, m Bolivia. Ele- 
vation, 16,548 ft. 

Chowan, Go-won, r N. C. [Pa., Wis. 

Christiana, Kris-ti-q-na, r Mich.: rs 

Christiania, Kris-ti-q-ni-q, can e Nor- 
way, 26}^. [t Norway. 8. 

Christiansand, Kris-ti-qu-sqnd, ft 

Christianstadt, Kris-ti-qn-stqt, ft i S. 
Sweden. [St. Croix, 

Christiansted, Kris-ti-qn-sted, t island 

Christiansund, Kris-ti-qn-somd, g-pt t 

Chuapa, 6o>-q-pq, r Chfti. 

Chucuito, Gi-kwg-to, t Bolivia. 

Chulafinne, Go>-la-fin,/ o Ala. 

Chulahoma, GiD-la-hib-tna, v Miss. 

Chuuibul, Gum btal, r India, 500 m. 

Chuprah, Giip-ra, t Br. Indi:i, 50. 

Chuqueapo, Go>-ka-q-p6, r Bolivia. 

Chuquibamba, Guo-kE-bqua-bq, t Peru; 
m, elevation 21,000 ft. 

Chuquisaca, Gdo-kg-sq-kq, (or La Pla- 
ta,) cap Bolivia, 12. 

Churchill, Gurq-il, (or Missinnippi,) r 
Brit. Am., 700 in. [U. S. 

Churubusco, Gd)-n-b<f)s-ko, r* Mex., 

Cibolo, SE-bo-lo, r Texas. 

Cicero, Sis-er-o, ts N-Y., 0., Ind. 

Cicola, Gs-ko-lq, r Austria. 

Cienf uegos, Ss-en-f wa-gos, t Cuba,4%. 

Cieza, RE-a-tq, t Spain, 7. 

Cinaloa or Sinaloa, Sin-q-16-q, st and t 
Mex., 9}/. 

Cincinnati, Sin-stn-d-ti, c 0., fifth in 
size in the Union, 160%; T* la., Mo., 
Iowa, O.r. Terr. 

Cinque (riijjk) Ports, s-ptg Eng., en- 
dowed with various privileges, in 
consideration of furnishing ships of 
war for the king's use, when de- 

Circassia, Ser-kaJ-i-a, cy s. e. cor. of 
Eu.: area 40,000 s. m., pop'. 650,000. 

Ciruleville, Ser-kl-vil, / O., 4J^; vg la., 

Cirencester, Sis-e-ter, t Eng. [III. 

Cisalpine (Sis-al-pin) Republic, a for- 
mer at Italy. 

Citronelle, Sit-ro-nel, v Ala. [ta. 

Citta Vecchia, Gi-tq Vek-i-q, ft c Mal- 

Ciudadela, Se-flb-dq-da-lq, c and s-pt 
island of Minorca, 7%. [6}^. 

Ciudad Real, Sg-OD-dqd Ra-^1, t Mex., 

Ciuclad Real, Be-OB-dqd Ra-ql, c Sp., 

Civita Vecchia, Gg-vs-tq Yek-e-q, s-pt 
c Pontifical States. 

Clackatnas, Klak-a-mas, r Oregon. 

Claiborne, Kla-burn, sev. cos U. S.; v 
Ala., Miss. 

Cliwa, Klq-rq, t Cuba. 

Clare, Kla,r, r lr.; off w. coast of Ir. 

Claremont, Kl^,r-m6nt, v N-H. 

Clarence, Klar-ens, i S. A.; r Australia. 

Clarendon, Klar-en-don, r Vt., N-Y. 

Clarion, Klar-i-on, T and Pa. 

Clarke's or Flathead, r Wash. Terr. 

Clarkesville, Klqrks-vil, v Ga., ^. 


Clarksburg, t Va., 1%; eg Ky., 0., &c. 
C larks, r w. part of Ky. 
Clarkston, Klqrks-ton. v Mich. 
Clarksville, t Va., 1; t's Ala., Tex., 

Ark., Teun., &o. 

Claustbal (or Klaus- ), Klis-tql, t Han. 
Clay, Kta, cos and tps U. S. [Ac. 

Claysville, Klaz-vil, rs Ky., 0., Ind., 
Clayton, Kla-ton, N-Y., 111., Ac. 
ClL-arfield, Klgr-fdd, Fa., %. [_ Wis. 
Clearwater, Kler-wo-ter, r Br. N. A.; 
Cleckheaton, Klek-e-ton, v. Eng. 
Clerkenwell, K!er-ken-wel, out-jtar'^A 

London, 56%. 

Clermont, Kler-mont, vs 0., Ind. 
Clermont-Ferrand, Kler-moh-Fer-on, e 

France, 33J. 
Cleveland, Kiev-land, e and Z j< 0., 41; 

ve N-Y., Tenn., Ind., 111. 
Cleves, Klevz, te Prussia, Ohio. 
Clifton, Klif-ton, watering-place, Eng., 

14; sev. vs U. S. 
Clinch, Kline,, r Va. and Tenn. 
Clinton, Klin-ton, ts Me , Mass., Conn., 

N-Y., N-J., La., Ac. 
Clinton- Golden (Klin-ton-G<5l-den) 

Lake, Er. N. A. 
Clinton River, Mich., 50 m. 
Clintonville, vs N-Y., Ac. 
Clio, Klj-o, r* S. C., Ky., 0. 
Clitheroe, Klid-er-o, t Eng., 11%. 
Clontnel, Klon-mel, t IT., 13 ). 
Cloverdale, K16-ver-dal, v la. 
Cloverport, Klo-ver-pcort, v Ky. 
Clvryd, KJwid, r N. Wales. 
Clyde, Kljd, r Scotland; t N-Y.; v 0. 
Clyiner, klj-mer, N-Y. 
Coahoma, K<j-a-hw-ma, co Miss. 
Coanza, Ko-qn-za, r Lower Guinea. 
Coast Range, Kost Ranj. m Cal. 
Coatesville, Kuts-vil, i) Pa. [Mex. 

Coatzacoalco, Ku-^t-sq-ko-^l-kw, 
Cuban, Ko-lx^n, v Guatemala, 11. 
Cobbessecontee, Kob-es-kon-te, r Me. 
Cobija, Ko-be-/k (or Port la Mar,) - 

pt Bolivia. 

Coblentz, K6b-lents,/2 e Prus., 18^. 
Cobourg, Ku-burg, /x^ ff entry C. W. 
Coburg, Ko-bun/, ^ Cen. Ger., 10. 
Cochabauiba, Ko-qq-b^m-bq, </r Con- 

dorillo, Kon-do) rel-yo, r Bolivia. 
Cochabamba, (also Oropesa, (J-ro-pa- 

sq,) c Bolivia. 

Cochin, K6-(jin, or Ko-Jen, s-pt t Hin. 
Cochin China, Kt>-<jin ^-ua, e. e, 

portion of Anam. 

Cochituate, Ka-qit-yi^-at, v and I Mass. 
Cochran's Grove, Kok-ranz Grtav, v 111. 
CocJe, Ku-kl. r N-Grcnada. 
CocoLunus, Ko-kol-a-mu.s, cr Pa. 

Cocos, K6-kos, it Indian Ocean. 
Codngno, Ku)-dtJn-yo, t Lombardy, 9)^. 
Codorus, K<D-di5-rus, v and cr Penn. 
Coepang or Koepang. Koo-pqrj, t island 

ot Timor, 5. 

Coeslin, Kes-len, t Prus., 8^. 
Coesse, Ku-eX p o Ind. 
Cocyinan's, Kwe-mnnz, v N-Y. 
Cofteville. Kof-e-vil, Miss. 
Coffin's, Kof-inz, i Gulf of^St-Law. 
Coggeshall, Kog-Jiil, t Eng. 
Cognac, Kon-yqk, t Fr. 
Cohiihuila, Ku-q-wt : -lq, or Montelovez, 

Mon-ti-loj-ves, t Mi-x. 
Cohahuila, Ko-q-we-lq, st Mex. 
Cohansey, Ko-han-si, r N-J. 
Cohasset, Ko-has-et, v Mass. 
Cohoes, Ko-hoz, (6r Cahoos and Ca- 

hoes. 1 t' N -Y. * 

Coila, Ktr-lu, p os N-Y., Miss. 
Coimbatcor, Kerai-ba-UJbr, dis and t 


Coimbra, Ka-era-brq, c Portugal. 
Coin, Ko-en, t Sp. 
Cojutepcque, KoVwo-ta-pa-ka, t San 

Salvador; also /. 
Colair, Ko-14r, I Hind. 
Colajiarchee, Ko-Ia-f^r-qe, p o Ga. 
Colberg or Kulberg, K61-be/-A, t Prus- 
sian Pomerania. 
Colbert, K&-ert, v Miss. 
Colehagua, Kol-yq-gwq, dep Chili. 
Colchester. K61-(;cs-ter, t Eng., 19}; 

r Vt., Conn., &c. [N-J., Ac. 

Ci.ld Spring, Kuld Sprip, r N-Y. 1, 
Cold Spring Harbor, N-Y. 
Coldwater, Kuld-wo-ter, t Mich., 2; r 


Coleborne, K61-born, v C. W. [Ac. 
Colebrook, Kwl-briak, v N-H., Conn., 
Coleraine. Real-ran, e-ptt lr.; f U. S. 
Colima, Ko-lE-inq, ter and t Mex., 

31%: tv^ 12,000 ft. 

Collaraer, K61-a-uier, r Conn., 111., &c. 
College of St. James, v Md. 
Colliers, K61-yerz, v N-Y. [?. 

Collinsville, Kol-inz-vil, t Conn., 1; sev. 
Col mar, Kol-uirj/-, c Fr., 23>. 
Colne, Koln or Kon, ? and t Eng. 
Cologna, Ko-l(f>n-yq, < N. It., 6^. 
Cologne, K 1 1 IM:I. c Prus., 92}^. 
Cololo, Ko-lu-lu, mp Andes, 17,930 ft. 
Colouia, K<D-l(i-ma,/> o Ala., 111. 
Colombia, Ko-16m-bi-q, former name 

of the republic of S. A. 
Colombo, Ko-l6in-b<a, wColumbo, Ko- 

liiin-bcj, 8-2>t t and cap Ceylon, 31^. 
Colonia do Santissimo Sacramento, 

Ko-lio-ni-q do Sqn-te-si-ino tiq- 

krq-men-tw,/( t Uruguay. 



Colorado, or Rio Colorado, Re-o Kol- 

o-rq-do, ( to distinguish it from the 

Colorado of Texas,) r U. S., w. of 

the Rocky Mountains. 
Colossae, Ko-los-e, ruined c As. Minor. 
Colquitt, Kol-kwit, v Ga. 
Colton. Kal-ton, v N-Y. 
Coluguape, Ko-lin-gwq-pa, I Patagonia. 
Columbia, Ko-hira-bi-a, (or Oregon,) 

largest r entering Pacific Ocean from 

American continent; entire length 

1200 in.; c, cap S. C., 7; ts Pa., 

Tenn., Mo.; re Me., N-H., Conn., 

N-Y., 0., Ind., Tex., &c. 
Colutnbiana, Ka-lum-bi-an-ct, co and v 

0.; v III. 
Columbia Village, Ko-lum-bi-a Vil-nj, 

N-Y. |Med. 

Culumbretes, Ke-lmm-bra-tes, -col is 
Columbus, Ko-liitn-bus, c, cap 0., 25; 

c Ga., 9; t Miss.; ts Tex., Ind., Wis. 
Culusi, Ka-lif>-.e, c and t. Cal. 
Colzoan,, Castle, Scot. 
Comacchio, Ka-mq-ki-a, ft t It. 
Cotnal, Ka-mal, co and t Tex. 
Cmiianuhe, Ka-man-qa, or Comanches, 

Ka-man-qes, (also Camanches,) Am. 

Ind. Mex. and Tex. 
Comava^ua, Ka-mj-q-gwq, (formerly 

Vnlladolid,) c Cen. Am., 12. 
Combaconum, Kom-ba-ka-num, or 

Coinbooconurn, Kom-bco-ka-num, t 

Hind., 40. 

Combahee, Koni-ba-he, r S. C. 
Comitan, Ka-me-tqn, (or Coinitlan, 

Ka-mEt-lqn, t Mex., 10. 
Comite, Ka-met, r La. 
Coramunipaw, Ko-mq-ni-po, v N-.T. 
Cjino, KG-THO, I, prav and c Lorn., 

18>^: r* TJ. S. 

Curaodo, Ka-mo-do, i Malay Arch. 
Comorn, Ka-morn,yV t Hun., 18. 
Comoro, K6m-o-ra, Isles, vol is Moz- 
ambique Channel; pop. 80,000, Arabs 

and Negroes. 

Competition, Kom-pe-ti-fon, Va. 
Compiano, Kom-ps-q-na, t It. 
Compiegne, Kon-pE-any, t Fr., 10%. 
C.jmpotine, Kom-pu-ten, p o lo. 
Corapton, Kotnp-ton, Ga. 
Cnmstock, Kom-stok, v Mich., 1^. 
Concentaina, Kon-ten-tj-nq, t Sp. 
Concepcion, Kon-sep-se-on, (or Con- 

-ceptton,) i n. side Panama. 
Concepcion. Kon-sep-sr-an,/^ Chili, 10; 

t* Bol., N-Grenada, Ac. 
Conception, Kon-sep-Jon, Bay, inlet 

Newfoundland. [Salvador. 

Conchagua, Kon-q^-gwq, g and rol San 
Conchardee, Kon-qqr-de,^ o Ala. 

Conchas, Kon-qqs, (or Conches,) rs 

Mex. and Braz. [Peru. 

Conchucos, Kon-c/fc-kos, prov and t 
Concord, Kon-kord, c N-H., 8>^; # Vt.; 

f Mass., Ky., Mich., &c. 
Consordia, Kon-kor-di-a, par La.; sev. 

va U. S. 

Concord River, Mass. 
Conde, Kan-da, t Fr., 5J,^. 
Conde, K6n-da, ts Braz. 
Conde'-sur-Noireau, Kan-da-ser-nwq- 

ra, t Fr., 6>^. 

Condom, Kan-dan, t Fr., 7^. 
Conecocheague. Kon-e-ka <jeg, (T Pa. 
Coneeuh, Ka-ne-ku, r Ala. 
Couedogwinit. Kon-e-dog-win-it, wPa. 
Concgliano, Ko-nal-yq-no, t It., 6}-. 
Conetnaugh, Kon-e-ino, r Pa. [Pa. 
Conequenessing, Kon-e-kwe-nej-in, cr 
Coaestoga, Kon-es-to-ga, cr and t; Pa. 
Conesus, Ka-ne-sus, and Z N-Y. 
C.mewago, Kon-e-wa-ga, cr Pa. [N-Y. 
Conewango, Kon-e-wag-go, cr and 
Coney, Ka-ni, Inland, s. w. of Long 

Island, N-Y. 

Congaree, Koij-ga-re, r S. C. 
Congleton, K6i)-gl-ton, t Eng. 
Congo, K6n-ga, or Zaire, Zq-e-ra, r 

S. Af.; extensive cy W. Af. 
Congrehoy, Kon-gra-ha-e, r Guat. 
Congress, K6n,-gres, v 0. 
Conhoeton, Kon-hok-ton, r N-Y. 
Coni, Ka-nc, f/r Cuneo, Koo-na-o, t 

Piedmont, 18%. 
Conki, K6n-kr, r Hind. 
Connasauga, Kon-a-so-ga, r G.a. 
Connaught, K.on-01, prov Ir. 
Conneaut, Kon-e-et, cr Pa.; v 0. 
Conueautville, Kon-e-ot-vil, v PA. 
Connecticut, Kon-et-i-kut, r N-Eng., 

400 m.; one of the U. S., area 4674 

s. m., pop. 370,792. 
Connemara, Kon-e-mar-a, dis Ir. 
Connersville, Kon-erz-vil, t Ind. 
Conoloway, Ka-nol-a-wa, cr Pa. 
Conotten, Ka-not-en, cr and v 0. 
Conseca, Kon-sa-kq, walled t Sierra 

Leone, 20. 

Conseguina, Kon-sa-gs-nq, vol Nic. 
Con^hatte Chute, Koii-Jqt Scot, poLa. 
Conshohocken, Kon-Ja-hok-en, v Pa. 
Constance, Kon-stans, ft c Baden; I 

Cen. Eu. 

Constantia, Kon-stan-Ji-a, N-Y. 
Constantina, Kon-stqn-ts-nq, t Sp., 7. 
Constantiae, Kon-stqn-te'n, (or Oont 

stantina,) ft c Algeria, 21. 
Canstantine, Kon-stan-tsn, v Mich. 
Constantinople, Kon-stiin-ti-na-pl, c 

Tur., cap Ottoman Empire, 78*. ' 



Contontny, Kon-t<Snt-ni, cr N. C. 
Coutoocook, Kon-t(t)-kuk, r N-H. 
Contra Custa, Kon-tru Kos-ta, co and 

p o Cal. 
Contreras. Kon-tra-rqs, bat. field, Mex.; 

if *. w. of Guatemala. 
Contreras, Kon-tre-ras, p o 0. 
Conversano, Kon-ver-s4-nG>, t Nap.,7-%. 
Conway, K6n-wa, or Conwy, Kon-we, 

r North Wales. 

Conway, K6n-wn, r Va.; v Mass. [C. 
Conwayborough, Kon-wa-bur-o, v S. 
Conyersville, Kon-yerz-vil, v Tenn. 
Conyngham, Kun-ig-ham, v Pa. 
Coobcabia, Ko>b-kq bi-q, t Con. Af. 
Coodoonia, Ku>-dd!>-ni-a, r N W. Af. 
Congee, Kob-ge, s-pt t N-S. Wales. 
Cook Inlet, Rus. Am. 
Cook Islands, Poc. Oc., s. of Polynesia, 

pop. 50,000, Malay. 
Co.,kstown, t Ir.; vs N-J., C. W. 
Cook.-ville, vs. Miss., Ind., Wis., C. W. 
Coomassie, Ka>-mas-e, t Guinea, 18. 
Coonewar, Koo-ne-wer, p o Miss. 
Cooper, Ktap-er, River, S. C. 
Cooperstown, vs N-Y., N-J., Pa., Wis. 
Cooper's Wells, watering-place, Miss. 
Coos, Ko-6s, co N-H. 
Cuosa, KdB-sa, r Ga. and Ala. 
Coosauda, K*-se-da, v Ala. 
Coosawattee, Ko>-sa-w6t-B, r Ga. 
Coosawhatchie, Kco-sa-hwoq-e, S. C. 
Cootehill, Kidt-hil, t Jr., V%. 
Copan, Ko-pqn, r and ruined c Guat. 
Copano, Ko-p^-no, t> Tex. 
Copeland, Kup-land, Islands, n. w. Ir. 
Copenhagen, Ko-pen-ha-gen, cap Den- 
mark, 133)4: vs N-Y., N. C. 
Copiah, Ku>-pj-a, cr and en Miss. 
Copiapo, Ko-pE-q-p6, r Chili. 
Copiapo or San Francisco de Selra, 

t Chili. 
Coppermine, K6p-er-injn, ms and r 

Brit. N. Am. 
Coquago, Kw-kw^-go, or Oquago, O- 

kwq-go, branch Delaware r, N-Y. 
Coquet, K6k-et, (or Cocket,) r Eng. 
Coquimbo, Ko-kem-bo, prov. and s-pt 

t Chili, 8. 
Cora, K6-rq, cap island of Samos; v 


Coral. Ko-rdJ, i Brazil; K6r-al, v 111. 
Coral Sea, part Pac. Oc., w. Australia. 
Corannas, Ku-rqn-q*, tribe S. Af. 
Corato, Ko-rq,-tQ, c Nup., 11)^. 
Corbeiiu, Kor-b6, t) N-Y. 
Corcobado or Corcovado, Ker-ko-vqV 

du, ro? Patagonia; g w. coast S. Am. 
Corcovado, Kor-kQ-vqVdo, 7 Brazil, 

height 2000 ft. 

Cordillera, Kor-dil-e-ra. (Sp. Kor-del- 

yii-rq, ) Spani.<h iiiimu of Andes mt. 
Cordova, Kor-dw-vq, /iron Sp.; 

42, in tin; tenth century uu.iily Uliill. 
Cordova, Ko/'-du-vu, t Mcx., i 

and c La Plata, 13. [111. 

Cordova, Kor-du-va, p at Tenn., Ky., 
Corea or Korea, Ko-re-a, i-y N. E. As. 

Archipelago of, it w. Corea. 
Corea, Strait of, ooniu-otiug Sea of Ja- 
pan with Yellow Sea. 
Corentyn, Ko-ren-tin, r S. Am. 
Core Snund, coast N. C. 
Corfu, Kor-fdb <ir Kor-fiD, one of Ionian 

if, 75; cap same, 20. 
Corigliano, Ko-rcl-yq-no, t Nap., 8%. 
Coriualdo. Ko-re-nql-do, t It., 6. 
Coringa, Kui-rifl-gq, s-j't Brit. India. 
Coriniia, Ko-rin-a, t> Me. 
Corinth, Kor-int, anc. c Greece, on is- 
thmus of Corinth, 2; u arm Mud.; r 

Me., Vt,., Ga. 

Corisco, Ko-ris-ko, ft and ' w. Af. 
Cork, Kerk, c Ir., 84>. 
Corniglio, Kor-nel-yu, t It, 
Corning, Kern-ig, v N-Y., 4. 
Corno, Monte, M6n-tn Ko/--no, m Nap. 
Cornucopia, Kar-nq-kd)- pi-a, p o Ind. 
Cornwall, Kern-wel, co Eng.; r* Vt., 

Conn., N-Y., Nova Scotia, C. W. 
Cornwall, New, portion w. coast N. A. 
Coro, Kci-ro, c Ven., 4. 
Coromandel, Kor-o-uian-del, Tmr e. 

coast N-Zeal. 

Coronata, Ko-ro-ni\-tq, i Adriatic. 
Coronation, Kor-u-na-Jon, is N-S. 

Shetland and Rus. Am. 
Coronda, Ko-rou-dq. t Santa-Fe". 
Coroora, Ko-rA-rq, i N. Puc. Oc. 
Carowaugh, K6r-o-wo, p o Va. 
Corpus Christ!, Kdr-pus Kris-ti, V 

Texas, 1^; I Texas. 
Corrib, Lough, Lo K6r-ib, I Ir. 
Corrientes, Kor-E-6n-tes, Je/> La Plata. 
Corsica, Kor-si-ka, i Mod., 110 by 53 

m., pop. 236,251: r Pa., 0. 
Corsicana, Ker-si-ka-na, v Texas. 
Corte, Ker-ta, t Corsica, 4'^. 
Cortetz, Ker-tets, i in the Dnieper. 
Cortland, K6rt-land, co and N-Y. 
Curtona, Kr-t(i-nq, t Tuscany. 
Corunna, Ko-rdn-a, ft c Sp., 19)^; v 


Corvo, Kor-vo, * Azores, 1. 
Corycian, Ko-riJ-i-an, Cave, in Boeotia. 
Curydoii, Kor-i-don, vs Pa., Ky., la., 

Cos, Kos, or Stanchio, St6jn-k-o, i 

Mcd.; <i near island. 
Cusala, Ku-sq-lq, t Cinaloa, Mex. 



Cosenza, Ko-sen-zq,, c Nap., 14. 
Coshooton, Kci-J6k-ton, co and 0. 
Cossatot, Kos-a-tot, cr Ark. 
Cosi, Ko-se, or Koose, Kcb-sc, r Hind. 
Cosiguina, Ko-si-gg-nq, vol Nio. 
Cosihuiriachi, Ko-si-WE-ri-q-qe, t Chi- 


Cosmoledo, Kos-rao-la-do, is Ind. Oc. 
Cosne, Kon, t Fr. 
Cossacks, Kos-aks, (Country of the 

Don,) vast plain S. Rus. 
Costa Rica, Kos-tq, Re-kq, southern st 

Cen. Am.; area 16,250 3. in., pop. 


Cosutnne, Kos-um-ne, p o Cal. 
Cote Blanche, Kot Blojij", b s. La. 
Cote U'Or, Kot Dor, rats and dep Fr. 
Cotile, Ko-tel, p o La. 
Cotindiba, Kcj-ten-ds-bq,, r Brazil. 
Cotoina, Kw-t<5-ma, p o Ala. 
Cotopaxi, Ko-to-paks-e, vol Ecuador, 

height 18,875 ft. 
Cotosa, Ko-Ua-sa, p o Ga. 
Cotrone, Ko-tro-na, t Naples, 5^. 
Cotta, Kot-q,, v Ceylon. [8^. 

Cottbus or Kottbus, Kot-bus, t Prus., 
Cottiea, Kot-e-kq, r Dutch Guiana. 
Cotuit, J6t-yn-it. v Mass. 
Cotuy or Cotui, Ko-twg, t Hayti, 2. 
Couche's (K'xq-ez) Gap, Tenn. 
Coudersport, K's-derz-port, v Pa. 
Coudoonia, Kxo-ddb-ni-q, r Soodan. 
Coudres, Kc6d-r, i St. Lawrence. 
Coulson's, K(il-sonz, Mills, p o Mo. 
Council Bluffs, Kin-sil Blufs, v Io., 4. 
Council City, v Kanzas. 
Courbevoie, KoDr-be-vwq, Fr., 5. 
Courland or Kurland, Ko&r-lq,ud, a gov. 


Courta'oleau, Kaw-tq-bl6, Bayou, La. 
Courtais, Kcor-ta, cr Mo. 
Courtesy, Kiir-te-si, v Ga. 
(Jourtland, Kort-land, vs Ala., Ta.jWis. 
Courtrai or Courtray, KiW-tra, ft t 

Belgium, 19%. [La. 

Cousbattee Chute, Koo-Jat-e Eit, p a 
Coutances, Koo-tons, t Fr., 8. 
Coventry, Kdv-en-tri, c Eng., 37; vs 

Vt., R. I., Conn., N-Y., Pa.. 
Cove of Cork, (now Queenstown,) s-pt 

t Ir., 5. 

Covingtou, Kuv-irj-ton, c Ky., oppo- 
site Cincinnati, 13 ; vs 0.. la. lj^, 

111., Mo., Pa., Va., Ga. 
Cowallis, Ko-wol-is, p o Oregon. 
Cowaner^ue. Ko-an-esk, cr Pa. 
Cowee, K-jf-e, p o N. C. 
Cowekee, Kx-e-ke, cr and p o Ala. 
Cowelitsk, Ku-el-itsk, Indians, Wash. 


Cowes, K?z, s-pt t Isle of Wight, 4. 

Coweta, K^-e-ta, CD Ga. 

Cowlitz, K-5-lits, r Wash. Ter.; 

Landing, t Wash. Tjr. 
Coxim, Kin-Jen, r Brazil. 
Coxsackie, Kok-sak-s, N-Y. 
Coyle, Kerl, r Hind., 300 m. 
Cozumel, Ko-zoj-mel, Island, Yucatan. 
Crab Orchard, mineral springs, v Ky. 
Cracatoa, Krak-a-tw-a, i Malay Arch. 
Cracow or Krakow, Kra-ko, c Poland, 

43: the former republic of this namt?, 

now included in the grand duchy of 


Craftsbury, Krdfts-ber-i, V Vt. 
Craigsville, Kragz-vil, v Pa. 
Cranberry, Kran-ber-i, vs N-J.,Pa., 0.; 

I N-Y. 

Cranborne, Kran-born, t Eng. 
Cranbrook, Kran-bruk, t Eng. 
Cranston, Krans-ton, v R. I., 4J^. 
Crawfish, Kra-fiJ, River, Wis. 
Crawford, Kre-ford, numerous cos and 

vs U. S. 
Crawfordsville, Kro-fordz-vil, t la., 

23^: vs Ga., Iowa. 
Cree, Krt:, r Saot. fe 

Creek, Krgk, Indians, of Ga. and Ala. 
Crofeld, Kra-felt, t Rhenish Prussia, 


Crenaa, Kra-mq, t Lombardy, 9^. 
Cremona, Kra-ino-na./^ c Lorn., 28^. 
Crescent (Kies-ent) City, two t<i Cal. 
Crestline, Krest-lin, v 0. 
Crete Kret, (or Candia,) i Mod., be- 
longing to Turkey; 150 by 6 to 35 

m.; pop. 158,000. 

Creuse, Krez, dep and r Fr., 175 m. 
Crouzot, Le, Le Kre-zo, t Fr., 8. 
Creve Coeur, Krev Ker, p o Mo. 
Crevillente, Kra-vsl-yen-ta, t Sp., 7%. 
Crewe, KrO>, t Eng. 
Crewkerne, Kr<f>-kern, t Eng., 4^. 
Crieff, Kref, t Scot., 4%. 
Crimea, Krim-e-a, pen, S. Rus., on 

the Black Sea; pop. 190,063. 
Crittenden, Krit-en-den, vs Ky., la. 
Crixa or Cricha, Krg-Jq, r Brazil ; o 

do., 5. 
Croatia, Kro-a-Ji-a, prov Aus. Em., 

area 3398 s. in., pop. 538,204. 
Croatia, Turkish, part of anc. Croatia. 
Crockett, Kruk-et, Texas. 
Croghan, Kro-han, vs N-Y., 0. 
Croia, Croja, Kr6-yq, t Turkey in En. 
Croix-rousse. La, Lq, Krwq-rifts, t Fr., 


Cromnrly, Krom-ar-ti, co and t Scot. 
Cromfurd, Krom-ford, t Eng., 1J^. 
Cromwell, Kr6in-wel, 11 Conn. 



Cronstadt or Kronstadt, Kran-stqt, s- 

jt t Rus., on Kotlin island; pup. in 

winter, 6: summer. 40. 
Crooked, Knik-ed, Lake, w. N-Y., 18 

by 1% m. [6)4. 

Crossen c/r Krossen, Kros-en, t IV us., 
Cross (or La Cros-ie) Lake, Br. N. Ain., 

origin of the Miss. Kiver. 
Crosswick.'', Kros-wiks, v N-J. 
Croton, KnS-ton, v N-Y. 
Croton Uiver, N-Y. 
Crow, Kro, Indiana, tribe of Mo. Ter. 
Crown Point, Krsn Pemt, rs N-Y., la. 
Crow Itiver, Min. Ter., 100 in. 
Crow Win*, r and e Min. Ter. 
Croydon, Krtf-don, t Eng., 20. 
Crozet, Kro-za, Islands, S. Ind. Oc. 
Cruzon, Kra-Z(jh, t Fr., 'J. 
Cruccs, Kr<6-ses, N-Grenada. [6%. 
Cruyshantem, Kms-bqn-tetn, v Belg , 
Crystal, Kris-tal, Lake, I and # 111. 
Csaba, fc)6b-o, v Hun. 
Csacza, &6t-so, t Hun., 4)^. 
Csakova, t'6k-o-vo, t Hun., 4%. 
Csakvar, tJqk-vqr, v Hun., 4%. 
Csath, Csat, or C.satt, qt, t Hun., 5%. 
Csongrad. Gon-grqd, t Hun., 13^. 
Cuajiniqualpa, Kwq-Ae-ni-kwql-pq, t 

Ouat., 3. 
Cuba, Kvj,-ba, (Sp. KdE>-bq.) i at the 

mouth of the Gulf of Mexico, largest 

of the W. Ind., belonging to Spain; 

500 by 50 to 60 m.: area 35,757 s. in.: 

pop. in 1853, 510,988 whites, 176,647 

free colored, 330,425 slaves, total 

1,009,060; r* N-Y. 1, 0., &e. 
Cubahatchee, Ki],-ba-haq-E, cr and p o 

Ala. [ezuela, 5. 

Cucuisas, Las, Lqs Kco-kwe-sqs, t Ven- 
Cuddalore, Kud-a-16r, t Hind. 
Cuenca, Kwen-kq., c Sp., 6; prov do. 
Cuenca, (<// Kainbae,) c Ecuador, 20. 
Cuero, Kwa-ro, Texas. 
Cueva de Vera, Kwa-vq da Ya-rq, t 

Sp., 10%. 
Culebra, Kin-la-brq, r and s-pt Costa 

Rica: W. Ind. 

Culiacan, Ktn-li-q-kojn, t Mex., 7. 
Cullera, Kcnl-ya-rq, t Sp., 7. 
Culloden, Kul-w-den, inoory ridgo of 

Scot.; v Gii. 

Culloina, Kul-6-ina, t Cal., 3. 
Culna, Kiil-na, t Brit. InJ.; 40. [6^. 
Cumuna, Kco-mq-nq. dep and c Ven., 
Cuinania or Rumania, Kdi-ina-ni-a, 

Great and Little, ind. '//'.- Hun. 
Cumbal, Koiiu-bql, M p Andes, N-G., 

15,620 ft. high. 
Cumberland, Kiim-ber-land, t Md., 6; 

Me,, Ky., 0., la. 

Cumberland Basin, bet. Nora Scotia 

and .N'-Brunswick. 
Cumburland Island, is n. of Ga.; Brit. 

N. Am.; in the Pacific. 
Cumberland Mountains, bet. Ya. and 

Ky., and bet. N. C. and Tenn. 
Cumberland Kiver, flows through Ky. 

and Tenn., 600: nav. 200 to 500. 
Cumberl'd University, Lebanon, Tenn. 
Cuinbola, Kum-bu-lu, Pa. 
Curnbre, La, Lq K<f>m-bra, pass across 
tlie Andes, bet. Santiago, in Chili, 

and Me^dozu; elevation, 12,454 ft. 
Cumbrian. Kiiin-bri-nn, Mts., in Eng. 
Cumiuo, Kco-uiK-nu, i Med., %. 
Cumming, Kiim-iij, v Ga. 
Cummingsville, Kum-ijjz-vil, v 0. 
Cunningham's Kdn-in-hams, Island, 

w. end Luke Erie, 3 by 2}^ m. 
Cuorgne, Kwd?-n-ya, t Pied., 5^. 
Cu par-Fife, Ki'i-pur-Fjf, t Scot. 
Cupica, Kco-pe-kq, v and b N-Gran. 
Cura, Krf)-rq, t Ven., 4. 
Curagoa, Kn-ra-s<b-a or Ke-rq-.ti, i 

W. Ind., 40 by 6 to 10 m.; pop. 15%. 
Curaniy, KiD-rq-rj, r Ecuador. 
Curia, K.i],-ri-a, - Ark. [Arab. 

Curia Muria, Kcb-ri-o, Mi6-ri-q. ig s. e. 
Curico, Kou-re-ka, dig and t Chili. 
Curitiba, Kin-ri-te-bq, r and t Brazil. 
Current, Kiir-ent, liiver, Mo. and Ark., 

250 in. [N. C. 

Currituck, Kur-i-tuk, *' and wind n. e. 
Curtatone, Ko)y-tq-t6-na, n Milan, 5%. 
Curzola, Kcu^-d-zti-lq, Adriatic, \*>\>. 

4%. [1'a. 

Cussawago, Kus-a-wq-go, cr and j> o 
Cusseta, Kus-g-ta, v Ala. 
Cutchogue, Kut-Qiig, v N-Y. 
Cuthbert, Kut-bert, v Ga. 
Cuttack, Kut-ak,rfa and c Br. Ind. ,40. 
Cuvo, Kdb-vu, r Lower Guinea, 400 in. 
Cuyaba ur Cuiaba, Kco-yq-bq, r and c 


Cuyahoga, Kj-a-h<5-ga, r 0. 
Cuvahoga Falls, t O. 
Cuyler, Kj-ler, v N-Y 
Cuyos, Kid-yeas, Is., group of the Phil. 
Cuyuni, Koo-ycfc-ne, r Br. Guiana. 
Cuzco, Kifcs-ko, c Peru, 41%: dep do. 
Cwmdu, Ktf)tu-dE, hamlet S. \Valrs. 
Cyclades. Sik-la-dez, is Grecian Aruh., 

pop. 19. 

Cyuthiann, Sin-ti-an-a, vs Ky., 0., la. 
Cypress, Sj-pres, r Ky., Mo., &c. 
Cyprus, Sj-prus, ' Turkey iu Aria, 1 IS 

by 40 in.: pop. 100. [liH... 

Czeglud, Tsn-gled, large v Con. Hun., 
Czernowitz, t'ur-no-vits, 

witz,) t Aus. Poland, 12. 




Dacca, Dak-a, c Brit. Ind., 200. 
Dagoe, Dq-ge-e, or Dago, Dq-go, i 

Bus., B.ikic Sea, 34 by 15 in.; pop. 

10,000. [Iowa. 

Dahlonega, Da-16n-e-ga, TO Ga. \\^, 
Dahme, Dq-me, t Prus., 3%. 
Dahomey or Dihomay, Dq-ho-ma, 

k W. Af.; pop. 200,000. 
Dai man, Di-mqn, or Arangua, fl-rqn- 

gwq, r S. Am., 110 m. 
Daimiel, Dj-mi-el, t Sp., 9. 
Dakhel, El, El Dq-Ael, w. oasis Upper 

Egypt, pop, 7,000. 
Dakota, Da-ka-ta, co and v Min. 
Dakota Indians, same as Sioux. 
Dai-Elf, Dql-elf, r Swed., 250 m. 
D.ilhousie, Dal-ha>-ze, Scot.; t N- 


Dallas, Dq-li-qs, t Sp., 12. 
Dalkeith, Dal-kefi, t Scot., 5. 
Dallas, Dal -as, r* N. C., Tex., Ark.,&c. 
Dalruaiia, Dal-ma-Ji-a, prrtv Aus. Em., 

comp. anc. Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavo- 

nia, and Fiume: pop. 393,715; v Pa. 
Dairy, Dal-ri, V Scot., 9. 
Dalton, D.>l-ton, vs Mass., Ga., 0., Ac. 
Damaran, Dq-tnq-rqn, * Malay Arch. 
Damariscotta, Dam-a-ris-kot-a, r Me. 
Damascus, Da-mas-kus, e Syria, oldest 

in the world, founded 2000 B. C., 112; 

r* Pa., O., Ac. 

Dainbool, Dam-bd&l, v Ceylon. 
Damietta, Dam-i-et-a, t Low. Eg., 28. 
Damme, Dq-rne, i Malay Arch., 12 in. s. 
Darnpier, Dam-per, Arch., n. w. coast 


Danbury, Dan-ber-i, vs X-H., Conn. 
Danby, Dan-bi, rs V r t., N-Y.;^> o III. 
Dandridgj, Dan-drij, Tenn. 
Dane, Dan, rel. to Denmark; co Wis. 
Danemora, Din-e-mo-ra, v 0. 
Danish, Dan-iJ, belonging to Den. 
Dankali, Do.n-kq-l, or Danakil, Dq- 

nq-kel, ind state, Af., pop. 70.000. 
Dann^rnora, Dan-e-mti-ra, v N-Y. 
Dan River, Va.. and N. C. 
Dansville, v N-Y., 2J^. 
Dantzic, or Dantzick, gcw ard ft c W. 

Prussia, pop. 53 : gulf of the same. 
Danube, Dan-yqb, r Eu., rising in 

Baden, and falling into the Black 

sea, 1000 m.; v N-Y. 
Danvers, Dan-verz, Mass. 
Danville, ts Pa., 3^: Va., 3; Ky., 2%: 

r Me., Vt., la., O., III., &c. 
Darabghcrd, Dq-rqb-gerd, t Per., 20. 

D'arbonne, Dqr-bon, bayffii La., nay. 
Darby, Dqr-bi, v Pa. [60 in, 

Dardanellfi, Dqr-da-nel, v Ark. 
Dardanelles, Dqr-da-nelz, (or Helles- 
pont,) strait bet. Eu. and As. Tur.; 

p o Or. 

Dardenne, Dqr-den, cr and v Mo. 
Darfoor, Dqr-fdbr, cy of Af. 
Darien, Da-ri-en, g and former prov 

of N-Gran.; te Conn., N-Y., Ga. 


Darling, Dqr-lin, r and ms Cen. Aust. 
Darlington, Dqr-lin-ion, t Eng., llj^; 

vs Pa., Md., S. C., la., Ac. 
Darmstadt, Dqnn-stqt, t Ger., 27. 
Dart, Dqrt, r Eng.: p o Ark. [Wis. 
Dartford, Dqrt-ford, t Eng.. 6^ ; v 
Dartmouth, Dqrt-mu6, t-r>t t Eug. 4^; 

TS Pr. Ed. Is., N. S., Mass.; r Mad. 
Darmouth College, H mover, N. H. 
Darwar, Dqr-wqr, di* and t Hind. 
Darwen, Over, Dqr-wen, O'ver, t Eng., 
Darwin, Dqr-win, v 111. [ ll %- 

D'Aubigny, Do-ben-ye, C. E. 
Dauehite, Da qet, bayou Ark., La. 
Daule, Dx-la, nav. r EC. 
Dauphin, Do-fin, oo and v Pa. 
Davenport, Dav-en-port, c Iowa, 5. 
Davie, Da-ve, co N. C. 
Daviess, Da-vis, sev. cos U. S. 
Davis Inlet, b e. coast Labrador, 57 m. 
Davis's Strait, between Greenland and 

Brit. N. Am., 750 m. 
Dayton, Da-ton, fourth c of 0., 17 ; vt 

la., Ala., 111., Iowa. 
Dead Sea, I Pal., 41 by 8% m. 
Deal, Del, maritime t Eng., 7. 
Dean Forest, Eng., 22,000 acres be- 
longing to the crown ; pop. 13)^. 
Dearborn's River, Der-born, Slo., 150 m. 
Dearbornville, Di;r-born-vil, v and 

U. S. Arsenal, Mich. 
Dease River, Des, Brit. N. Am. 
Debreczin, or Debretzin, Da-bret-sin, 

free t E. Hungary, 63. 
Decatur, De-ka-tur, vs Ga., Ala., 0., 

Mich., la., 111., Wis. 
De Chien Bayou, De-Jen, w. part Ky. 
Deckertown, Dek-er-rsn, v N-J. 
Dccorah, Ds-ka-ra, Iowa. 
Dedharn, Ded-ham, v Mass. 
Dee, DE, r Wales, 70 m.; two rs Scot. 
Deegoa, De-g6-q, walled t Bornoo, 30. 
Deep River, central part N. C., 100 m. 
Deerfield, Der-feld, r Vt., numerous 

vt U. S. 



Defiance, De-fj-ans, co and t 0. 

I)e Graff, De Graf, 0. 

De Kalb, De Kalb, cos and f U. S. 

Dekorra, De-kor-a, v Wis. 

Delagoa, Dl-a-go-a, inlet Ind. Oc. 

De La Palma, De Lq Pal-ma, p o 0. 

Delavan, DeM-a-van, w N-Y., 111., Wi*. 

Delaware, Del-a-wa/, r, rises in N-Y. 
and flows bet. the states of N-Y., 
and N-J. on one side, and Pa. and 
Del. on the other; nav. for ships to 
Philadelphia; whole length 300 in. 

Delaware, smallest of the U. S., except 
R. I.: 2120 s. m., pop. 71,169 whites, 
18,073 free blacks, 2,290 slaves, 
total. 91,532. 

Delaware, t 0., 2; J sep. N-J. and 
Del., length 60 m. 

Delaware City, v Del.; settlement in 
Kansas Ter. 

Delaware College, at Newark, Del. 

Delawares, tribe of Indians formerly 
occupying N-Y., Pa., N-J. 

Delft, Delft, t S. Holland, \T%. 

Delhi, De'l-e, cllind., at one time cov- 
ering 20 s. m., with pop. 2,000,000, 
now reduced to 250,000 ; Del-hi, rs 
N-Y., 0., 111. Iowa, Wis., &c. 

Delos, De-los, is Gr. Arch. 

Delphi, Del-fj, m and t auc. Gr.; va N- 
Y., Tenn., la., Mo. 

Delphos, Del -f os, v 0., \%. 

Delta, Del-ta, vs N-Y., Miss., 0. 

Delton, Del-ton, v Wis. 

Demak, Dem-^k, t, dis and r Is. Java. 

Demavend (Dem-q-vend,) Mount, vol 
Persia, 14,695 ft. 

Dembea, Dem-be-a, I Abys. 

Dembia, De"m-bi-a, r W. Af. 

Demer, Da-mer, r Belg. 

Demerara, Dein-er-q'-ra, rand dis Brit. 
Guiana. [200 m - 

Demianka, Da-mi-^n-ka, r Siberia. 

Demuiin, De-men, t Prus., 6J^. 

Demonte, Da-m6n-ta, ft t Pied., 7. . 

Domopolis, De-mop u-lis, v Ala. 

Demotica, De-mot-i-ka, t Eu. Tur., 8. 

Denain, De-nan, v Fr., 8%. 

Denbigh, Din-be, t N. Wales, 5%. 

Dender, Dln-der, r Nubia, 250 m. 

Dendermonde, Den-der-m6n-de, ft t 
Belg., 8)^. 

Denia, Da-ni-q, maritime t Sp., 3. 

Denmark, De'n-mqrk, /.: N. Eu., having 
as colonies : Duchies of Sleswick, 
Holstein, Lauenburg; Faroe Islands; 
Iceland ; Greenland ; West India Is. 
Santa Cruz, St. Thomas, and San 
Juan : Nioobar Is. Total area, 62,870; 
total pop., 2,412,926. The go?, is a 

hereditary constitutional monarchy; 

t' Tenn., 111., 4c. 
Dennis, De"n-is, v Mass. 
Depauville, I)e-p6-vil, v N-Y. 
Depere. De-p4r, or De-per, v Wis. 
Depeyster, De-pf-stcr, v N-Y. 
Deptford, De"d-ford, < Eng., 27V. 
Dera Ghazee Khan, De'r-a Gq-ze Kqn, 

t Afg., 25. 

Derayeh, El, El Da-rj-e, t Ar., 15. 
Derbond, Der-blnd, (or Derbent,) t 

Rus., 12. [Conn., la. 

Derby, D^r-bi, t Eng., 40% ; vt Vt, 
Derby Centre, Vt. 
Derby Line, v Vt. 
Derry, Der-i, N-H. 
De Ruyter, De Rj-ter, v N-Y. 
Derwent, Der-went, three rs Eng., r 

Van Dieman's Land. 
Desaguadero, Des-q-gwq-da-ro, r Bol. f 

130 m. also a /,</ iu Bol. and Peru, 

400 by 30 to 80 m. 
DCS Allemand's, Daz fll-m6n, or De 

fll-e-mo^nz, I s. e. of La., 7 in. 
Des Arc, Dez flrk, v and bayou Ark. 
Deseret, Des-er-et, co Utah Ter. 
Df.sha, De-Ja, co Ark. 
D'Eschambault, DeJ-qn-bo, v C. E. 
Desirade, Da-ze-rqd, is Little Antilles, 


Des Moines, De Mffn, r Iowa, 200 m. 
Desna, Des-nq, r Rus., 500 m. [Ga. 
Desoto, De-s<i-to, co Miss.; par I>a.; t> 
Des Plaines, Da Plan, r 111., 150 m. 
Dessau Dls-'s, walled t N. Ger., 12. 
Detroit, De-tr*t, c Mich., 34>. 
Detroit River, str connecting Lake St. 

Clair with Lake Erie, 25 in. [7. 

Deux-Ponts, De-pom, t Rhenish Bav., 
Deventer, or Dewenter, Dev-en-ter, o 

Hoi., 14>^. 

Devereaux, Dlv-e-ro, p o N-Y. 
Devizes, De-vj-zez, t Eng., 6^. 
Devonshire, Dlv-on-Jer, co Eng. 
Devon, Dev-on, r Scot. 
Devonport, Dev-on-part,^ t and natal 

ars of Eng.. 50J4. 

De Witt, De Wit, rN-Y., Mich., III. 
Dewsbury, Diiz-ber-i, t Eng.. 1 4. 
Dexter, Deks-ter, r Me., N-Y., Mich. 
Dezfool, or Dezphoul, Dez-fdil, t Per., 


Dhalak, Dq-lqk, is Red Sea. 
Dhawalaghiri. Da-wol-a-ge'r-e, p Him. 

Mi.un.. 28.000 ft. 
Diablertts, De-qb-le-ra, m Swit. 
Diamantina, De-q-mqn-te-nq, c ]}ra. 
Diamante, De-q-rnqn-ta, r La 1'luta, 

Diana, Dj-an-a, v N-Y. 



Diarbekir, DE-qr-be-ksV, c As. Tar., 

8000 families. 

Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. 
Dieppe, Dyep, or De-en, s-pt t Fr, 


Diest, Dest, walled t Belg., 7%. 

Diggers, Dig-erz, various tribes de- 
graded Indians in Or. and Cal., who 
subsist on roots, injects, lizards, &c. 

Dijon, D-3<f>n, c Fr., 32^. 

Dilman, Dsl-ra(\n, t N. Per. 15. 

Dinagepoor, De-nqj-pdir, dig and t Br. 
Ind., 30. 

Dinan, De-non, t Fr., 8%. \?%. 

Dinant, D-n4nt, or Dg-non, t Belg., 

Dinkelsbuhl, Dij)k-elz-bel,/< t Bav., 5. 

Dinwiddie, Din-wid-E, co and v Va. 

Dios Nombre De, Nona-bra da De-os, 
t Mox., 7. 

Disco, Dis-ko, i of Denmark, w. coast 
of Greenland. 

Dismal Swamp, Diz-mal Swomp, Va., 
N.C., 30 by 10 or 12 m. 

District of Columbia, ter for the cap- 
ital of the U. 8., ceded to the Gen. 
Gov. by Md.; 60 s. m., pop. in 1850, 
whites, 38,027; free blacks, 9,973: 
slaves, 3,687; total 51,687. The 
citizens of the District are without 
any representation in Congress or 
vote for president. 

Ditteah, Dit-E-q, t Hind., 120. 

Dixon. Diks-on, <t> 111., 1. 

Djokjukarta, Jok-y<a-kq>-ta, rf&Java; 
cap of the dis., pop. 90. 

Dnieper, Ne-per, r Rus., flows s. into 
Black Sea: length 623 m. including 
windings, 1230 in. 

Dniester, Nss-ter, nav. r Aus. and 
Rus., 400 m. 

Doboka, Do-bu-kn, v Tran., 67., Da-sa, r Bra., 50u in. 

Dodgeville, Doj-vil, v Wis., 1^. 

Dole, Del, t Fr., 10%. 

Dolores, Do-lo-res, t Guanajuato. 

Dominica, w Domenica, Dom-i-ne-ka, 
Brit. W. Ind. Is., 29 by 16 m., pop. 
22<4, 800 are whites; also one of the 
Marquesas Is. 

Dominick, D6m-in-ik, v 111. 

Don, Don, r Eu. Rus., enters the Sea 
of Azof, 458 m.; rs Rng., Scot., Fr. 

Donaldson, Don-aid-son, v Pa. 

Donaldsonvillo, r-pt La. 

Don Benito. Don Ba-ne-to, t Sp., 15^. 

Doncaster, Don-kas-ter, t Eng. [Pa. 

Donegal. Don-e-gal, s-pt t Ir.: three ve 

Donets, Do-nets, r S. Rus., 400 m. 

Dbng-nai, Dorj-nj, r ami t Anam. 

Dongola, Don-go-lq, t Nubia ; la. 

Doniphan, Don-i-fan, v Mo.; City, 

t Kanzas. 

Donnybrook, D6n-i-bruk, par and rlr. 
Doon, Do>n, r and lock Scot., 18 m. 
Dor, D'or, or Dore, (Mont,) M6n-dor, 

ms Fr. 

Dora Baltea, Do-rq Bql-ta-q, r Pied. 
Dorchester. Djr-ces-ter, t Eng., 6J^ ; ts 

Mass., 8 ; N-B., S. C., Ac. 
Dordogne, Dor-don, r Fr.. 220 m. 
Dorogoboozh, Do-ro-gca-bobx, t Rus., 5. 
Dorpat, D^r-mt, t Rus. 12. 
Dort, Dart, t S. Hoi., 21. 
Douai, or Douay, Do>-a, ft t Fr., 20}^. 
Doubs, DcBbz, r Fr., 263 m. 
Douglas, Dug-las, s-pt Isle of Man, 9%; 

f Scot., Mass., Pa., Kansas, &o. 
Doune, Do>n, v Scot., !}. 
Douro, D<6-ro, r Sp. and Port., 400 m. 
Douw, Our, or DTS, i Malay Arch., 5. 
Dover, Du-ver, t Eng., 22^: t N-II., 

8^; <cs Me., Mass., N-Y., N-J., 

Del., 0., Ac. 

Dover, Strait of, sep. Eng. and Fr. 
Dovrefield, Do-vre-fe-eld, m range 


Dowagiac, Do-wa-ji-ak, r and <a Mich. 
Downs, The, portion, N. Sea, s. e. 

of Eng. 

Dracut, Dra-kut, v Mass. 
Draguignan, Drq-gen-yon, t Fr., 9. 
Drammen, Dr4,-men, g-pt t Nor., 8. 
Drave, Drav, r S. E. Eu., 360 m. 
Drenuon Springs, Dren-on, watering 

place, near Louisville, Ky. 
Dresden, Drez-den, c and cap Saxony, 

94; r Me., 0., 111. 
Drin, DrEn, two rs Eu. Tar. 
Drogheda, Dro-Ae-da, s-yt t Ir., 16%. 
Droitwich, Drcrt-ic,, t Eng. 
Drummond's Island, Dniin-ondz, Lake 

Druses, Dr6-sez, people inhabiting the 

chain of Lebanon, in Syria. 
Dublin, Dub-lin, cap c Ir., 254% ; vt 

N-H., la., Ga., Ac. 
Dubois, Dn-bff, co la. 
Dubuque, Dii-bi^k, c of Iowa, 9. 
Duck River, Middle Tenn., 250 m. 
Duddeston, Dud-es-ton, t Eng., 20. 
Dudley, Diid-li, t Eng., 38 ; v Mass. 
Dugdemona, Dug-de-mo-na, vs La., 


Duida, Dws-dq, m Yen., 8500 ft. 
Duisburg, Ddb-is-bu/'A, t Rhenish 

Prussia, 7%. 

Dulce, Di&l-sa, I Gua., 25 by 10. 
Dulce Rio, Re-o Ddbl-sa, r La Plata. 
Dulcigno, Dool-cgu-yw, s-pt t Eu. 

Tur., 8. 



Dumbarton, Dum-bq>-ton, s-pt t Scot., 


Dumfries, Dum-fres, r-pt Scot., llj^. 
Dutntnodah, Dum-a-da, r Brit. Ind., 

300 m. . 
Diina, D^-nq, or Dwina, Dws-nq, r of 

Rus., nav. 400 in. [6^- 

Diinaburg, D^-nq-bo>rg, ft t Rus. Pol.. 
Dunbar, Dun-bq>, s-pt t Soot. 
Dundalk, Dun-dok, s-pt t Ir., 10%. 
Dundas, Dun-das, t C. W. 3. 
Dundee, Dun-de, -p< Scot., 78%; vs 

N-Y., 1%; Mich., III. 
Dunfermline, Dum-fer-lin, t Scot., 8}^. 
Dungaunon, Dun-gan-non, 2 Ir., O., 
Dungarvan, Dun-gqr-vau, -/> t Ir., 

Dunkirk, Diin-kerk, ft s-pt t Fr., 29; t 

N-Y., 4}; Wis. 

Duntnore, Dun-mur, Jr., Pa. 
Dunse, Duns, t Scot., 2%. 
Dunstuble, Dun-sta-bl, t Eng., 3}. 
Duntocher, Duu-luA er, < > it., 3%. 
Dunville, Diin-vil, C. \V., 1. 
l)u Page, DH, 1'ttj, c<> and t' 111. 
Duquesne, Di\-kan, a ft formerly on 

the site of Pittsburg; r two miles off. 
Duquoin, Dn-kvvtVn, v III. 
Durango, . l)a>-r(jrj-go, st Mex.: area 

48,489 s. in., pop. l:!7> {; <///> same, 22. 
Diiren, De-ren, ^ Rhen. Priw., 8. 
Durham, bur-ham, c Eng., 13. 
Dnaseldorf, Dds-el-dwf. goo and 

lilien. Prus., 2:^. 
Duxbury, Diiks-bor-i, v Mass. 
Dwina, Dwj-na or Dwe-nq, r Rus.. 

330 in. 
Dysart, Dj-zart, s-pt t Seot. 


Eagle Harbor, F'gl Hqr-bor, * Mich. 

Eagle Pass, v Texas. 

East Aurora, Sst 9-r6-ra, v N-Y., 2. 

Kast Greenwich, Gren-wiq, v R. I., iy A . 

East Haddam Landing, v Conn. [Y. 

East Hampton, Hamp-ton, vs Mass., N- 

East Hartford, Hqrt-ford, v Conn. 

East Haven, Ha-ven, Conn. 

East Indies, In'dez, applied to Hin., 

Farther India, Malay Arch. 
East Liverpool, Liv-er-pool, ' 0. 
East-Main ur Slade River, Lab., 400 m. 
Easton, 8s' ton, t Pa., 1%; is N-Y., 

Mil., Mass., Kansas. 
Eastport, Sst'port, vs Me., Miss. 
E:i.-t Randolph, Ran-dolf, vs Vt., 

Mass., N-Y. 
Ea^t River, con. Long Island Sound 

with N-Y. Bay, 20 m. 
East Saginaw, Sag-i-ne, v Mich. 
East Salisbury, Selz-ber-i, v Mass. 
East Schuyler, Skj-ler, p o N-Y. 
East Stoughton, St(j-ton, V Mass. 
Enstville, co t Va. 
East Weare, War, f N-H. 
East Windsor, Wind-sor,w Mass.,Conn. 
East Wobarn, Wcfi-burn, v Mas?. 
Eaton, 8' ton, N-H., N-Y., Pa., 

Tenn.; co t 0. 
Eaton Sapid*, v Mich. 
Eatonton, 8'ton-ton, co t Oa. 
)''benezer, Eb-en-e-zer, r Pa., Miss. 
Ebersbnch, U'berz-bq/t. Saxony, 5}^. 
Ebro, fl'bro, r Sp., 340 m. 
Ecck-sb.aH, Ek'lz-hol, t Eng., 4%. 

Ecbmiedzin, Eq-mi-ed-7.n, t Armenia. 
Ecija, U'ti-Afi, t Sp., 28}^. 
Eckford, Ek'ford, t> Mich. 
Eckhung Choo, Ek-uy 600, r Thibet. 
Eckinansvillc, Ek'man<:-vil, ' (). 
Economy, f'-kon-o-mi, vs Pa., O., la. 
Ecorce, tt-kors, v Mich. 
Ecuador, Ek-wq-d(5r, (*'. e. "Equator;") 

a republic of S. Am.; area 240,000 s. 

m., pop. 500,000. 
Eddystono (Ed'i-ston) Island, S. Pac.; 

Light-House, Eng. Channel. 
Eddyville, vs N-Y., Ky., Iowa. 
Eden, 8'den, rs Eng., Scot.: i' U. S. 
Edenkoben, I'den-ko-ben, t Rhenish 

Bavaria, 5. [0. 

Edenton, 8'den-ton, cot N. C.: wN-V., 
Edgartown, Ed'gar-t-sn, co t Mass. 
Edgecomb, Ej'kam, 11 Me. 
Edgefield, v Tenn.; co t S. C. 
Edgington, Ej'in-ton, v III. 
Edin, 8'din, v 0. 
Edina, 8-dj-no, co t Mo. 
Edinborough, Ed'in-bur-o. v Pa. 
Edinburg, Ed'in-burg, TS U. S. 
Edinburgh, Ed'in-bur-u, metropolis of 

Scot., 158. 

Edinburgh, New, s-pt S. Am. 
Edisto, Ed'is-to, r S. C. 
Edmonton, Ed'mon-ton, vi Eng., Brit. 

N. Am., Ky. 

Eolee, Ele, Hi, 8'ls, r and c Chi., 75. 
' Eel River, two rs la. 
I Eels, Slz, Et-leeyats or Iliyats, 8-le- 
I yqts, wandering tribes of Persia. 



Eem, Tm, r Holland. 

Eossah Somaulee, B'sa So-ine-le, tribe 
in E. Af. 

Efbe, Ef'ba, Malay Arch. 

Effinghain, Ef'irj-ham, w N-I1., S. C. 

Egar, Eg'er or cl'ger, r E. Ger.; t Bo- 
hemia, 10%. 

Egerdir, Eg-vir-dsr, Z and t Asia Minor. 

Egga, Eg'a, large t Guinea. 

Eggabeo, Eg'a-bE, t W. Af., 14. 

Egg Is. Point, s. ex. Egg Is., Del. Bay. 

Egimmt, Eg'mont, (of Six Islands,) 
Ind. Oc.; * Santa, Cruz Arch.; vol 

Egypt, cy in n. e. Af.: area 11,000 s. 
in., pop. 2,500,000; W N-Y., Pa., &e. 

Ehen, y'hen, r Eng. 

Ehreubreitstein, 2'ren-brjt-stin, ft t 
Rren. Prus., 2. 

Eichstadt or Aichstadt, i<k'stet, t Bav., 


Eider, 'Fder or Id'er, r Den., nav. 70 tn. 

Eig, Eira 8g, or Egg Is., Heb. of Scot. 

Eiger, f'ger, m Swit., 13,045 ft. high. 

Eijorland or Eierland, i'er-lqnt, n. 
part island of Texel. [8%. 

Eilenburg, f'len-biarA, t Prus. Saxony, 

Eil, Loch, LoA 81, I Scot. 

Eimbeck, im'bek, t Han., 5-%. 

Eimeo, i'tns-w, one of the Society Is- 
lands, Pac. Oc., \y. 

Einsiedeln, in'se-deln, t Swit., 3. 

Eisenach, >Fzon-q/4, t Cen. Ger., 9%. 

Eisenstadt, >f'zen-stqt, t Hun., 9%. 

Eisleben, fe'la-ben, t Prus. Sax., 8%. 

Ekhe, Ek'e, or Iga, Ig'a, r Mongolia, 
170 in. 

Elba, Ki'ba; i of Tuscany, Med., 18>; 
vs N-Y., Va., &c. 

Elbe, Elb, (Ger. El'be,) r Ger., 550m. 

Elberfeld, El'ber-felt, t Rhen. Prus., 35. 

Elbeuf or Elboeuf, El-bef, t Fr., 17%. 

Elbing, El'bin, t e. Prus., 20. 

Elbingerode, El'biy-A i-roj-de, t Han., 3. 

Elbogen or Ellbogen, El-b(i-Aen, t Bo- 
hemia, 2. 

Elbridge, El'brij, vs N-Y. 1, 111. 

Elbrooz, El-brJoz, range of mountains, 
Cen. Asia, breadth 200 in. 

Elburg, El'burA, t IL.l., 2. 

Elche, El'qa, t Sp., 18. 

Elde, El'de, r Meck.-Schwerin, 94 m. 

El Dorado, El Do-rq-da, part of S. A.; 
co Cal.. area 2,000 s. m., pop. 40; - 
Ark. %, Ky., Mo. 

Elek, E-Iek, v Hun., 2^. 

Eleoier, a-la-in4'', Hun., 2%. 

Eleuthera (8-hi-te-ra) Islaud and 
Keys, Bahama Islands, 2%. 

Elield, El'felt, t Ceu. Ger., 2%. 

Elgg, Elk, v Swit., 3. 

Elgin, El'gin, t Scot., 6^; El'jin, vs N- 
Y., 111., 3. 

Elisabethstadt, a-le-zq-bet-stqt, t 
Transylvania, 4. 

Elisavetopol, U-le-zq-va-t6-pol, t Ga. 
in Eu., 12. 

Elizabeth, vs Pa. 2%, Ark., &o. 

Elizabeth City, co Va.; < N. C., 2. 

Elizabeth Islands, coast of Mass., and 
likewise the names of other small 
islands in the At. and Pac. Oceans. 

Elizabeth Port, * N-J., 1. 

Elizabethtown, vs N-J. 4, Pa., Va.,&o. 

El Kader, El Kq-der, v Iowa. 

El-Kasr or El-Kasar, El-kqs-r', cap of 
Dakhel, in Upper Egypt. 

El-Khargeh, El-kq/'-ge, t Up. Eg., 6. 

Elkhart (^Elk'hqrt; River, la., 100 in. 

Elk Mountain, m Pa. 

El-Kos, El -kos, r Morocco. 

Elk River, rs Pa., Va., Tenn. and Ala. 

Elle, El-a, > Fr. 

Ellezelles, El-zel, t Belg., 6}^. 

Ellice (El'is) Islands, group oi isleU in 
the Pacific, %. 

Ellichpoor. El-ik-pAr, c India. 

Ellicotville, El'i-kot-vil, v N-Y, 1^. 

Ellsworth, Elz'wurt, t and pt Ale., a. 

Ellwangen, El'wqy-en, t VViirt., 3. 

Eluiina, El-me-nq, (or St. George del 
Miua, ) t and ft, cap. Dutch pusses. 
on the Guinea coast, Af.; 10 blacks. 

Elinira, El-mj-ra, vs N-Y. 10, 0., III. 

Elinshorn, Elms'hern, t Denmark, 53^. 

El Paso del Norte, El Pq-so del No/--ta, 
(often written El Passo,) a line of 
settlements on the right bank of the 
Rio Grand, Mex., 5. 

El Rosario, El Ro-sq-ri-o, t Mex., 5. 

Elsinure, El-si-nor, or Elsiueur, El-si- 
Dvj,r, s-pt t Den., noted as the place 
where the Sound dues are levied on 
vessels entering or clearing the Bal- 
tic; pop. 8. 

Elster, El'ster, White, r Ger., 110 m. 

Elster, Black, r Ger., 105 ni. 

El Tyh, Wady, Wq-di el T E , ("Valley 
of the Wandering,") Mid. lie Egypt. 

Elvas, El'vqs, ft c Port., K)>. 

Elven. El-voii, t Fr., 3>^. 

Ely, 8'lg, Isle of, dis Eug., co of Cain- 
bridge; area 225,150 acres. 

Elyria, 8-lir-i-a, v 0., 2j/a. 

Elza, El'zq, r Tuscany. 

Elze, Elt'se, t Hanover, 2. 

Emba, Eui'bq, (Jein or Djcm, Jem,) r 
Cen. Asia, 250 m. 

Euibach, Ein'bq/t, Great and Little, r 



Embrun, Em'brun or Oh-brnh, t Fr., 

Euiden or Ernbden, Ein'den, s-pt I 

Hanover, 12. 
Emenabad, Ern-en-q-bq^l, or Amina- 

bad, H-min-q-bqd, t of the Punjab. 
Euierina, Eui-e-ni-nq, die island of 

Emmerich, Eui'e-riA, or Emrich, Em'- 

riA, walled t Rhen. Prus., 6J/6. 
Empoli, Em'po-lE, t Tuscany, 5)^. 
Ems, r n. w. Ger. 
Ems Hohen, Euis He-en, t Aus. 
Enura, U.-nq-rq, I Rus. Lapland. [3J-. 
Encina-Sola, En-te-uq-Su-lq, t Sp., 
Encruzilhada, En-krco-zel-yq-dq, v and 

har Brazil, 2. 

Endava, En-dq-vq, r S. Am. 
Elide, En'da, s-pt t Malay Arch. 
Eudingen, Eri'diy-en, t Baden, 3. 
Enfield, Eu'ftld, v M-H., Conn. 
Engano, En-gq-uo, is Malay Arch., 

northern coast of Papua. 
Engedi, En'ge-dj, or Aiujidy, In-jid-e, 

anc. t Palestine. 
Engelberg, Erj'el-berA, v Swit. 
Eugelhardszell, En/el-hqrt-sel, t Upper 

Aus., 1. 

Engelholm, Eij'gel-hom, g-pt t Swed. 
Engelsberg, En'gels-be/'A, t Austrian 

Silesia, '2%. 
Engenho-do-Matto, En-gen-yo-dQ-mq- 

tu, r Brazil, 3. 

Enghien, Oh-gi-an, t Belg., 3%. 
England, Ijj'gland, a famous cy of 

Europe, forming, with Wales, the 

southern part of the island of Great 

Britain. Area, 57,812 s. m., of which 

60,377 are in England, and 7,425 in 

Wales; pop. of Eng., in 1851, was 

16,921,888, Wales, 1,050,721. 
Engua-Guugu, (or Guazu,) Erj'gwq- 

gwq-sdb, i of Brazil. 
Enguera, En-gwa-rq, t Sp., 5%. 
Enkhuysen, Erjk-htr-sen, Enkhnizen, 

Enchusa, En-kcb-sq, g-fjt t Neth., 5. 
Enkirch, Ea'ktrh, v Rhcn. Prus., 2. 
Eukjoping, Eukoping, En'<je-pi^, t 

Sweden, 1}^. 

Ennaska, Eu-qs-kq, * N. Pac. Oc. 
Enneda, En-a-dq, v Swit., 2. 
Ennel, En'ol, I Ir. 
Ennis, En'is, t Ir., D 1 : ' ; . 
Enniscortby, En-is-kdr-ti, t Ir., 7. 
Enniskilleu, En-is-kil-en, t Ir., 5%. 
Enns or Ens, r and t Aus., 3^. 
Enos, il'nos, g-pt t En. Tur., 7. 
Enosburg, i/'nos-burg, v Vt., 2. 
Enutaevs-k, Q-nu-tq-evsk, I Rus., ">. 

"c, Eu-ska-de, t Netherlands, 5. 

Ens*nada do Barrngon, En-sn-n^-dq 
da Bar-q-g(in, b and v Argentine 

En.-q.slieim, En'sis-hjm, or Ensheim, 
Ens'hjua, t Fr., 4. 

Entrague, Oh-trqg, Sard. States, 3. 

Entrecasteaux, Oh-tr-kqs-t6, t Fr., 2. 

Entre Rios, En'tra Ke-us, proc Argen- 
tine Republic, 30. 

Entry (En'trgj Island, Kapito, K^-pe- 
to, i of N-Zcaland. 

Envie, Oii-ve, v Pied., 2J<. 

En/weihingen, Ents-vj-lii\j-en, fWiirt. 

Eoa, i'-u-q, vr Eooa, fcl-rf)-q, *' Pac. Oc, 

Epaignes, E-pan, v Fr., 2J/J. 

Epe, U'pe, M- Eep. Up, v Hoi., 3V. 

Epcries, fci-pa-ri-ej, cir Huperjes, Ha- 
per-yej, t Hun., 8%. 

Epernay, 3-per-na, t Fr., 6. 

Ephratah, 8-fra-ta, v N-Y., 2. 

Epila, U-pe-lq. t Sp., 3. 

Epiual, a.-p-iiql, t Fr., 11. 

Epsom, Ep'som, t Eng,, 3^. 

Epte, Ept, r Fr. 

Erbach, Er'bqA, r< Hesse-Darmstadt, 
Nassau, and Wiirt.; r Rhen. Bavaria. 

Ercsi, Er-qe, or Ercseny, E/'-c,eny, v 
Hun., 3k. 

Erdeven, Erd-von. v Fr., 3. 

Erfurt or Erfurth, 'Er'fiart, t Prussian 
Saxony, 24)^. 

Ericeira, tt-ri-sa-i-rq, mar t Port., 2^. 

Ericht, Loch, LoA Er'i/tt, I Scot. 

Ericht, r Scot. 

Erie, i>-ri, I n. U. S., one of the five 
drained by the St. Lawrence River; 
ts Pa., Mich., &c. 

Erivan, Er-i-vqn,/< t Rus. Arm., HJ^. 

Erlangen, E/-'lqj)-en, t Bavaria, 11%. 

Erlau, Kr'\-6,Jtt Hun., 19%. 

Erne, Ern, r and two h Ir. 

Ernee, Er-na, t Fr., 5)^. 

Ernsthal, Erns'tql, t Sax. ["?i' 

Ersek-Ujvar, Er-jek-o>-i-vq>, t lluu., 

Erstein, E/'stjn, t Fr., 33. 

P^rtvaag-Oe, E;-'vog-^-e, i of Norway. 

Ertvelde, E>'t-vel-de, v Belg., 3. 

Erzberg, E/'U'berA, m Styna. 

Erzongan, Er-zen-gqn, t As. Tur. 

Erz-Gebirge, E/'ts-ga-bir-ga, m s. Ger. 

Erzroom, Erzroum i / Erzruin, Erz-nim, 
< Armenia, 50. 

Erzroom, Pashalic of, one of the sub- 
divisions of As. Tur. 

Escalaplano, Es-kq-lq-pl^-no, or Sca- 
laplano, Skq-lq-plq-no, v island of 
Sardinia, IJ.^. 

Escalonilla, Es-kq-lo-nl-yq, v Sp., 2. 

Escambia, Es-kaui-bi-a, r Ala.; co Fa. 

Escholzinatt, Ej'oiU-uiqt, v Swit., 3. 



Eschwege, EJ'va-ge, t Hesse-Cassel, (5. 

Eschwciler, Ej'vj-ler, t Khen. Prus., 8. 

Escudo tie Veragua, Es-ka>-du da Va- 
rq-gwq, r S. Aui. 

Escuititla, Es-kwent-lq, t Cen. Am., 2j^. 

Eskoe-Siira, Es'kE-sq-rq^, or Eski-Sa- 
gra, Es'ke-^q-grq, t Lu. Tur., 20. 

Ejla, Es'lq, r Sp. 

Eslingen, Es'liij-en, t Wiirt., 6%. 

Esmeralda, Es-ina-rql-dq, r S. Aui.; T 
Brazil. [2^. 

Esparraguera, Es-par-q-ga-rq, < Sp., 

Espejo, Es-pa-Aj, t Sp., 5%. 

Egpiah&go, Scrra do, Se>-q du Es-pen- 
yq-sca, /.? Brazil. 

Espiritu Santo, Es-pir-i-to> S(|n-to, 
'* Pac. Oc., Gulf of Gal., one of the 
Bahama Is.; t Guba; sev. rs and cos. 

Espita, Es-pe-tq, t Gen. Am., 3. 

Espluga de Francoli, Es-pltb-gq da 
Frqu-ko-le, t Sp., 2%. 

Esquimaux, Es'ki-niu), or -moz, the in- 
habitants of Greenland and the ex- 
treme north of America. 

Esquimaux, i and har N. Am. 

Essurts, Les, LHZ Es-q>, t Fr., 2%. 

Essen, Es'en, t Prus. Westphalia, 7%. 

Essequibo, Es-e-ke-bo, r Br. 

Essex, Es'eks, cos and vs U. S. 

Este, E='ta, t Lombard}', 8. 

Estella, E.s-tel-yq, t Sp., 6. 

Estepcna, Es-ta-po-nq, t Sp.. 9}^. 

Estrclla, Serra da, Ser-q dq Es-trel-q, 
ms Brazil and Port. [Port., 748%. 

Edtremadura, Es-tra-mq-diD rq, 

Eszek, Esseck, Es'ek, or E.^segg, Es'eg, 
cap Aus. Slavonia, 12J^. 

Etaiupes, I-t(5hp, I Fr., 8. 

Ethiopia, 8-6i-u)-pi-a, cy S. Egypt. 

Etna, Et'na, vr>l n. e. Sicily. 

Eton, 8'ton, i Eng., 3%. 

Etowiih, Et'o-wa, nr Hj-to-wq, r Ga. 

Ettrick, Et'rik, r and /<ar Scot,. 

Eubcea, Yq,-be-q, or Negropont, tha 
largest island of the kingdom of Gr. 

Euclid, Yii-klid, vs N-Y., O. 

Eupen, (T'pen, t Kbun. Prus., 11. 

Euphrates, Yq-fra-uz. called also by 
the natives, Moorad, r Egypt. 

Eure-et-Loir, lir-a-Lwqr,^/-wcFr., 293. 

Europe, Yi\,-rup, the least of the great 
divisions of the earth, Australia ex- 
cepted, yet a quarter in which civil- 
ization has progressed most exten- 
sively. Area, 3,830,130 a. in.; pop., 
2f> 4,209,000. 

Euuiw, Yi^-ta, v Ala., 2. 

Evansville, h'anz-vil, t la. 9;rVa..<tc. 

Everghem, U'ver-7iem, v Belg., 7%. 

Evora, Ev'io-rq, c Port., lj. 

Evreux, Ev-re, c Fr., 13. 

Ewington, Y-q-in-ton, cot 111. 

Exe, Eks, r Eng. 

Exeter, Eks'e-ter, c Eng., 33; vs Me., 
N-H., and other States. 

Exmouth, Eks'mufi, t Eng., 5. 

Eyafialla-Yokul, *-q-fi-6.-lq-Yc>-kial 
col Iceland. [ s ~pt t Eng. 

Eye, *, lor and t Eng., 7%; -mouth, 

Eynesford, EInz'ford, par Eug. 


Faaberg, FcJ-berg, is Nor. 4%., Den. 
Fabbnano, Fqb-ri-q-no, c Cen. It., 6/4- 
Facone, Fq-ko-na, I Japan. 
Fadievskoi, Fq-di-ev-skr, i Arc. Oc. 
Faemund or Famund, Fa-mtnnd. I Nor. 
Faenza, Fq-en-zq, c Cen. It., 19%. 
Fairfax, F4r-faks, co t Va.; vs Vt., 0. 
Fairfield, F^r-fsld, v port of entry, 

Conn.; vs N-Y., O., la., 111., Iowa. 
Fairhaven, Fq,r-ha-von, v Mass., 5; vs 

N-Y., Conn., 0., III. 
Fairmont, F4r-mont, co t Va. 
Fairweather, Fqr-wed-er, m Rus. Am., 

14,900 ft, high. [Conn. 

Fairweather's Is., Black Rock Harbor, 
Falaba, Fq-lq-bq, t W. Af., . 
Falaise, Fq-laz, t Fr., 9. 
Falalu, Fq-lq-k6, Pac. Oc. 
Falkirk, Fel-kerk, t Scot., 9. 
Falkland, Fok-iand, Islands, S. At. Oc. 

Fall River, is Mass. 11}, Wis. 
Falmouth, Fal-inn.6, s-pt t Eug., 5; vs 

Me., Mass., Ac. 

Falster, Fql-ster, i in the Baltic, 23%. 
Fano, Fq-no, g-pt t Cen. It., 10. 
Farallones de los Frayles, Fq-rql-y(5- 

nes da las Frj-les, is coast of Cal. 
Fareham, F4r-ham, t Eng., 3%. 
Farmington, Fqrm-iij-ton, rs Me., N- 

H., Conn., N-Y., &c. [^"S 1 

Fame (Fqrn) or Fern Is., off coast of 
Farnhain, Fqrn-ham, t Eng., 3%; v Va. 
Faro, Fq-ro, s-pt c Port., 8}-. a 

Faroe, Fa-ro or Fa-re-e, i N. At. Oc. 
Farsan, Fqr-sqn, Islands, Red Sea. 
Fasano, Fq-sq-no, e Nap., 9. 
Fatsizio, Fqt-se-zi-o, i of Japan. 
Fauquier, Fo-ker, co Va. 

Fausse (Fas) Point, o Liv. 
Fausse Riviere, Fcos Re-vi-4r, 

v La. 



Faversham, Fav-er-Jnm, s-pt t Eng. 
Fa v iguana, Fq-ven-y^-uq, t Mod. 
Fuxardo or Fajardo, Fq-/tq>-dw, t and 

t Porto Rico, 3. 

Fayal, Fi-ql, i Azores, N. At. Oc., 28. 
Fayette, Fu-et, ve N-Y., Pa.,, <fcc. 
Fayutteville, Fa-et-vil, < N. C., 7: r. 
Fayoom or Faioum, Fj-ubra, prov Eg. 
Feather (Fed-er) River, Cal. 
Fecamp, Fa-kou, n-pt t Fr., 11%. 
Feojee, Fulji, Fiji, Fe-je, w Viti, V- 

tt, Islands, group in the S. Pac. Oc. 
Fein, b'a-e-q, I Brazil. 
Feluuiche, Fn-lq-neq, t Sp., 9%. 
Felegyhazii, Fa-lej-hq-zo, t Hun., 17. 
Feliciaua, Fe-liJ-i-au-u,^ar La.; V Ky. 
Felicity, Fg-lis-i-ti, v O. 
Feineru, Fa-mern, * Den., 9. 
Feriuoy, Fer-mtr, t Ir., 5%. 
Fernando do Noronha, Fer-nq'n-dQ da 

Nu-run-yq, i S. At. Oc. 
Fernando Po, Fer-nqn do PCD, i W. Af. 
Fernau Nunez, Fe/--uqn Nibn-yet, t 

Sp., 5%. 

Fen-ara, Fer-^-rq, c Papal States, 31. 
Ferret, Col de, Kol de Fer-a, pass in 

Pennine Alps. 

Furro, Fer-o, one of Canary Is., 4JxJ. 
Ferrol, Fer-61, s-pt t Sp., lb'_^j. 
Fesa, Fes-q or Fu-sq, t Per., 18. 
Fez, Fez, A: Morocco; c do., 90, 
Fezarah, Fa-zq-rq, I Algeria. 
Fozzan, Fez-4, ^ N. At. 
Ficlitelberg, FiA-tel-be?-A, or Fichtel- 

gebirge, FiA-tel-ga-bt/'-Aa, w Uuv. 
Figueira, Fe-ga-i-rq, t Port., 6. 
Figueras, Fe-ga-rqs, t Sp., 8. 
Fiiluiore, Fil-uior, vs U. S.; City, 

t Utah. 

Finale, Fe-nqMa, is It., 5 and 8. 
Finana, Fen-yq-nq, t Sp., 3J^. 
Fiucastle, Fin-kas-1, f V a., O., I11..&C. 
Fiudlay, Find-la, v 0., 3. 
Finesville, Fjnz-vil, v N-J. 
Fingal, Fin-gol, die Ir.: v C. W. 
Fingoes, Fiy-gtaz, race S. Africans. 
Finland, Fin-land, Grand Duchy of, a 

g</v N. W. Russia, 1,037. 
Finland, Gulf of, arm of Baltic Sea. 
1 miimik. Fin-mqrk, prov of Nor., 44. 
Finater-Aarhorn, Fin-ster-Hr'he/'n, in 

Swit., 14,020 ft. high. 
Fishkill, FiJ-kil, N-Y., 9.V. 
Fitchburg, Fiq-burg, t Mass., 7. 
Flume, Fi-cb-ma, s-pl t Aus., 11. 
Flanders, Flan-derz, former du Eu., 

now included in Hoi., Uelg. and Fr. 
Fleetwood, Flet-wiad, s-pt Lng. 
Fleraingsburg, Flem-igz-burg, t Ky., %. 
Fleming ton, vt N-J. 1, Pa., N. C. 

Flensborg, FWnz-borA, t Den., 16){. 
Flint, Flint, t-pt N. Wales; vt Mich., la. 
Flint River, re Ga., 300 in.; Mich. 
Florence, Flor-ens, c It., 102J4; rs U. ?. 
Florcs, Flu-res, / Malay Areh., A/.^rr- y, 

Plata estuary, N. Puc. Oc.; t 
Florida, F16r-i-da, most souilicni U. ^.; 

area, 59,268 s. m.: pop. 47,203 whites, 

932 free blacks, 39,310 slaves total, 

87,445; ts U. S. 

Floridia, Flo-re-di-q, t Sic., 4%. 
Flushing, FluJ-irj, s-pt t Neth., r%; 

N-Y., 2K. 

Fogaras, Fio-go-r6J, t Transylvania, 5. 
Foggia, F6d-jq, c Nap., 24. 
Fogo, Fw-go, ur Fuego, Fco-a-go, one 

of the Cape Verd Is., 7. 
Fohr, Fer, i of Den., 4%. 
Foldvar,' Feld-vqr, t Huu., 10>^. 
Folgol'onden-Field, F61-ge-fon-den-Fi- 

eld, ms Nor. 

Foligno, Fo-len-yo, t Cen. It.. 15)^. 
Folkestone, Ftik-stion, s-pt t Eng., 7^. 
Fond-des-Negres, Fwn - da - Na - gr, t 


Fon du Lac, Fon dvi Lak, t Wis., 5. j 
Foug-Tsiang, Fog-lsi-qu, c China. 
Foutaiuebleau, Foh-ten-bl6, t Fr., lOJxJ. 
Foooboo, FcD-cd), Foo-Choo-Foo, Fii>- 

fc/'uo-Fib, or Foo-Tchow-Foo, Fiu-yu- 

Fd), c China, 500. 
Foolahs or Fulahs, Fcb-lqz, sing, race 

W. Af. 

Foosee, Fousi or Fusi, Fcu-se, m Japan. 
Foo-Shan or Fou-Schau, Fo>-Xqu, o 

China, 200. 

Foota-Jallon, FdE>-tq-Jq-16n, di W. Af. 
Forcados, Rio dos, Re-co dws For-kq-Jws, 

W. Af. 

Fordoche, For-d6J, bayou La. [&c. 
Forestville, For-est-vil, c* Conn., N- Y^ 
Forfar, Fdr-fur t Scot., 11. 
Forli, Fo/'-le, c Cen. It., 16. ^ 
Foruicutera, For-men-ta-rq, ' Mod. 
Formosa, Fur-rno-sq, is China Sea, 

2,500,000; i off W. coast Af. - 

Mount and River, Malay Peninsula. 
Forsyth, For-sjd, w Ga., Mo. 
Fort Anne, Fart An, v N-Y. 
Fort Beverscde, Bti-ver-sa-de, Pa. 
Fort Bois6, Bvvq-za, Oregon. 
Fort Des Moines, De Mthi, t cap. Iowa. 
Forteau ^For-tu) Hay i*ltt a. e. Lab. 
Fort Edward, v N-Y., %. 
Fort Gaines, Ganz, v Ga. 
Fort Gibson, v and mil tta Ind. Ter. 
Forth, Fort, r Scot. 
Fort Hamilton, v and ft defending N- 

Y. Harbor. 
Fort Howard, v Wis., %. 



Fort Isle Aux Noix, SI O Nwq,./? C. E. 
Fort Kearny, Ker-ni, Neb., on Or. route. 
Fort Laratuie, Lar-a-me, mil post 

Platto River, Ind. Tor. 
Fort Leavenworth, Lev-en-wur6, mil 

post, Kansas. 

Fort Liberte, Le-ber-ta, s-pt t Ilayti. 
Fort Madison, Mad-i-son, t Iowa, 3. 
Fort Plain, N-Y., 1%. 
Fort Ridgely, Rij-li, Mm. Ter. 
Fort Riley, Rj-li, Kansas Ter. 
Fort Royal, Rtf-al, ft t Fr. W. Ind. 
Fort Smith, t Ark.j 1^. 
Fort Snelliiig, mil post and v Min. 
Fortune, Fijrt-yiyi, Bay, inlet s. N-Fd. 
Fort Union. U. <&.ft bet. Independence 

and Santa-Fe. 

Fort Valley, t Ga., 1. [Ter. 

Fort Wallawalla, W61-a-wol-a, Wash. 
Fort Washita, W6J-i-ta, Ind. Ter. 
Fort Wayne, Wan, t la., 6^. 
Fort Yuuaa, Ycb-ina, Cal. 
Fossano, Fos-qVno, t Pied., IB. 
Foster, Fos-ter, ts R. I. 2, Ky., &c. 
Fourche a Reyaault, Fourf q Ra-no, 

v Mo. 

Fowey, FtT, r Eng. 
Fowla or Foula, F'S-lq, one of Shet. Is. 
Fox River, rs Wis., Iowa, Mo., Canada. 
Friimingham, Fra-uiirj-ham, t> Mass., 


France, Frans, one of the mightiest 
empires in the world, w. part of Eu., 
embracing the following islands and 
solonies : Corsica; Algeria; Senegal 
in W. Af.: Bourbon, Ind. Oc.; St. 
Marie; W. Ind., Martinique, Guad- 
eloupe, n. part of St. Martin, Marie 
Galante, Desirade, and the Saintes 
Group: French Guiana, St. Pierre 
and Miquelon Is., coast of N. Am.; 
Marquesas Is.,Taitiand Akarno; and 
New Caledonia. Area, 321,016 s. m.; 
pop. 38,489,979. 

Francestowr, Fran-ses-t-sn, t N-H., \%. 

Franconia, Fran-ko-ni-a, ts N-H., Pa. 

Frankfort (Frank-fort,) on the Main, 
c of Ger., seat of the Germanic Diet, 
pop. 62)4. 

Frankfort, (Frank-fort,) on the Oder, 
c Prus., 30)^. [0.. la. 

Frankfort, t, cap Ky., 5 ; vs Me., N-Y., 

Franklin, Frauk-lin, 20 cos; 33 vs; 60 
ts, U. S. [4%. 

Frederica, Fred-er-iJ-i-q, s-pt t Den., 

Frederick, Fred-er-ik, c/m in Md., Va.; 
ts in Pa., 0., &c.; City, Md., 6. 

Fredericksburg, t Va., 4; vs 0., Tex. 

Fredericksville, i> 111. 

Fredericktown, Ky., 0., 1, Mo. 

Fredericton. Fred-er-ik-ton, c N-Brun., 

4%. [Den. 

Frederikshavn, FreM-er-iks-h-sn, s-pt t 
Fredonia, Frs-do-ni-a, v N-Y., IJ^; vs 

Ala., Ky., 0., 111., &c. [()., la., 111. 
Freedom, Fre-dom, vs Me., N-H., Pa., 
Freehold, F re-hold, v N-J. 
Freeport, Fre-port, r 111., Me., Pa., &c. 
Free-town, or St. George, cap Sierra 

Leone, 18. [Sax., \%. 

Freigburg, or Freyberg, Frj-bery, t 
Freiberg, or Freyburg, Frj-biar^, a 

grand duchy of Baden, 15/. 
Fremont, Frs-mont, formerly Lower 

Sandusky, -u 0., 1%; numerous vs 

and cos U. S. [200 m. 

French Broad River, N. C. and Tenn., 
Frenchman's Bay, on coast Me. 
Frenchman's Cap, m Van Diemen'a 

Land, 5000 ft. 

Frenchtown, vs N-J., Pa., Md., <fec. 
Freneuse, Fre-ni^z, I N-Brun. 
Frcsnillo, Fres-nsl-yo, mining t Mex., 8. 
Freyburg, Frj-biar<7, canton and t 

Swit., 9. 

Freycinet (Frj-si-net) Island, in Pao. 
Frey-Oe, Frj-e-e, i w. coast of Nor. 
Friendly, Frend-li, (or Tonga, T6n-gq,) 

is, upwards of 150 islands, Pa. Oc. 
Friendship, rs N-Y., %, Md., N-C. 
Friesland, Frez-laud, prov of the Neth. 
Frignano, Frrn-yq-no, vs Nap., 2^. 
Frodsham, Frod-Jam, t Eng., 6Vg. 
Frome, or Frome Selwood, From Sel- 

wiad, t Eng., IQi^. 
Fronton, Fron-ton, v Tex. 
Front Royal, v Va., J. 
Frosinone, Fro-se-nci-iia, t It., 7%. 
Fronton, Fron-t<an, c Tex. 
Fryeburg, Frj-burg, v Me., IJ-^. 
Fuca, or Juan De Fuca, (Sp. pron. 

.Hijo-qn Da Fcb-kq,) sir N. Am., in 

Or. Ter. 
Fucino, Lago, L4,-gO Fco-qe-no. I Nap., 

11 by 5 in. [Phil. Is. 

Fuegos, Fwu-gos, or Foj-a-gos, one of 
Fuego, Volcano de, Vol-kq-no da 

Fwa-go, (FiD-a-go,) m Cen. Am. 
Fuen-Ho, Fwen-ILa, r China, 300 m. 
Fuerte de San Jose, Fwer-ta da Sqn 

7fo-sa, t of the Argentine Republic. 
Faerteventura, Fwer-tq-ven U&-rq, one 

of the Can. Is. [9%. 

Fulda, Ftil-dq, r Ger.: t Hesse-Cussel, 
Fulton, Ftal-ton, cos N-Y., Pa., Ky.: 

w N-Y., 2, Miss., 0., 111., Mo. 
Funchal, Fron-Jqlj cap of the Island 

Maderia, 18. 
Fundy, Bay of, inlet of the Atlantic 

separating Nova Scotia from N-B. 



Fiinfkirchen, Fenf-kerA-en, t S. Hun., 

Furcn, La, Lq Ftf>r-kq, m Swit. 
Furncanx, Fur-na, it of Australasia. 
Furruckabml, Fur-uk-q-bqd, t Brit. 

Furth, Fort, t Bav., 15. 

[Ind., 66. 


Crnn. [12.000 ft. 

Futi-Panjal. F(f>-te-Pqn-jql. m Cash., 
Futloolah-Killii, Fu-ti6-!q-Kil-q. r Af. 
Fuui, FiW. fir Fuurland, Fifr-lqnd, t 
Fyzabad, Fi-zq-bq.d, t of Ind, [Den., 1. 


Gaddada, Gqd-d(\-dq, (or Tchin- 

Tchoo,) r Hind., 150 m. 
Gailjatsch, Gqd-y:i<], or Gaditch, Gq- 

dicj, t S. lias., ~A}4. 
Gaeta, Gq-a-tq, s-pt c Naples, 3. 
Gagy, Gq-ge, or Gaga, Gq-gq, i .Malay 


Gaillac, Ga-yqk, or Gqt-yqk, t Fr. 8'^. 
Gainesville, Ganz-ril, vs N-Y., Ga., 

Ala., &c. 
Gainsborough, Ganz-bur-o, s-pt t Ens;., 

7%; v in Va. [Far. Ind. 

Galadzet, (Gq-lqd-'zet,) Hill?, rango in 
Galapagos, Gq-lq-pq-gos, is Pac. Oc. 
Galashiels, Gal-a-Jslz, t Scot., 6. 
Galatz, Gq-lqts, t Moldavia, 36. 
Galena, G-i-le-nct, c 111., 8; name of vs 

0., la., Mo. 

Galesburg, Galz-burg, ? 111., 1, Mich. 
Galiano, (Oq-li-q-no,) Island, of Brit. 

N. Am., in Queen Charlotte's Sound. 
Galicia,Gal-iJ-i-a, prov Aus., 4,702,383. 
Galilee, Gal-i-le, prov ancient Judoa, 

w. of the Jordan. [i-on, r (). 

Galion, Gq-li-on, * n. e. of Jara; Gal- 
(!alhi!i, Gq-lqz, powerful race K. Af. 
Gallatin, Gal-a-tin, vt Miss., Tonn. 
Gallego, Gql-ya-go, r Sp. 
Gallegos, Gql-ya-gos, r Patagonia. 
Gallia, Gal-i-a, (Latin for Fr.,) co 0. 
Gallipoli, Gq-lip-o-le, te Tur., Nap.; 

and peninsular bet. ^Egean Sea aud 


Galli polls, Gal-i-po-les, t 0. 
Galloway, Gal-o-wa, v 111. 
(Jaloengong, Gq-liBn-gon, vcl Java. 
Gait, Gelt, t C. W., 2^. 
Galveston, Gal-ves-ton, pt of entry, c 

Tex., 8. 

Galway, Gal-wa, co and t Ir., 24%; r> Ir. 
Gambia, G^m-bi-a, r W. Af.; Brit. 

colony of W. Af. 

Gambler (Gam-ber) I?. Pa. Oc.: t O. 
Gamliv Karleby, Gqin-lq Kqr-le-be, t 

Finland., 2. 

Gananoque, Gq-nq-n6k, C. W. 
Ganci, Gqn-qe, t Sic., 9^. 
Ganges, Gan-jei, r Hind., 196 m.; c 0. 

Ganges, G6n;<, t Fr. 

Gangpoor, Gqn-p<6r. t Brit. Tnd. 

Gannet (Gan-et) Islands, S. Pa. Oc., 

Brit. N. Am., on coast of Labrador. 
Ganthenume ((Jan-dim 1 ) Bay, Aus. 
(rap, Gqp, t FY., 8% ; Gap, Pa. 
Garda (Gqr-da) Luke of, N. It., 35 by 

2 to 10 m. 

Garduin, Gqr-dj-q, t Algeria. 
Gardiner, Gqr-din-er, c Mo., 6J*. 
(Jardner, Gqrd-nor, Mass., ]^'. 
Gargano, Gqr-gq-no, m Nap. 
(tiirigliano, Grq-rEl-y6,-no, r Nap. 
<J;irUis,-.., Gq/--1qs-ko. t Pied., 5}^. 
Garnavillo, Gqr-na-vil-o, v Iowa. 
Garonne, Gq-ron, r Fr., 384 in. 
Garrard, Gar-ard, co Ky. 
(iiirrabillas, Gqr-o-bel-yqs, t Sp., 4)^. 
Garrote, Gqr-6-ta, p n Cal. 
Garstang, Gqrs-tan, t Eng., 7^. 
Gi>rteii]|ie, Gqr-tonp, or Gardoinpe, 

Gq^-donp, r Fr. 

Gasconade, Gas-ko-nad, r, wand v Mo. 
(Jaspe, Gas-pa, t C. E. 
Gas Port, v N-Y. 
Gaston, Gas-ton, v N. C. 
(J.itehouse, Gat-h'ss, t Scot., 1%. 
Gnteshcud, par and t Eng., 24. 
Gatincau, Gq-te-n<5, r C. E., 300 m. 
Gatshina, Gqt-Jg-nq, t Rus., 7. 
(in t nn, Gq-t<6n, r Isthmus of Panama; 

t N-Gran. 

Gauir, G^s-er, r Soot, 
(rauley ((itj-le) Bridge, T Ya.; r ditto. 
Gavia, Gq-vi-q, m Brazil. 
Gavilan, Sierra Do, Se-^r-q Da Gq- 

vi-l^n, m Cuba. 

Gaya of Gayah, Gj-q, c Brit. Ind., 36. 
Gaya (Gj-q) Islands, Ind. Arch. 
(J.-iz:i, Ga-zq, c Pal., 15. 
Gazuolo, Gqd Z(i)-6-lo, v Lorn., 2. 
Gazzo, Gqt-sia, v N. It., 1 %. 
Geant, Sa-6n, summit Pennine Alps. 
Geauga, Je-o-ga, co 0. 
Geddes, Ged-ez, N-Y. 
(iedeh, Ga-de, m Java. 
Geelong, Ge-I6n, t Aus. 
Guile, i ev-la, e-pt t and vrov Swed. 



Geish, GaJ, m Abys. 

Genesee, Jun-e-sg, r and co N-Y.; co 
Mich., &e. 

Genesee Falls, v N-Y., 1. 

Geneseo, Gen-e-sE-o, vs N-Y., 1%, 111. 

Geneva, Jen-s-va, c Swit., 30; N-Y., 
5;0., 1%; 111., 1; Wis. [of Wis. 

Geneva, Lake of, s. of Swit.; I s. part 

Genevieve, Jen-e-vev, tp Mo., lJ/. 

Genevre Moat, Muii Ze-nav-r, Cottian 

Genoa, Jen-o-a, s-pt c N. It., 125J/. 

Genoa, Je-no-a, v N-Y., 2j^; vs 0., 
Mich., 111. 

Gentilly, Xoh-te-ye, vr., 13%: v C. E. 

George, Lake, (or Horicon,) I N-Y. 

Georgetown, c Dis. of Col., 8^ ; co & 
Del., S. C., Ky. 0. 

Georgetown, (Dutch Stabrock, Stq- 
briak,) cap Brit. Guiana, 25J^. 

Georgia, Jer-ji-a, or Grusia, Grob-si-a, 
cy Asia, pop. 300,000. 

Georgia, one of the original states of 
the U. S.; pop. 521,572 whites, 2,931 
free blacks, 381,682 slaves, total 

Gera, Ga-rq, t Cen. Ger., 11%. 

Gorard-de-Rys, Xa-rqr-de-IlES, i Pac. 
Oc., inhabited by Papuan Negroes. 

Gerasa, Je-rq-su, or Jerash, JE-rqJ, 
ruined city of Syria. [Port. 

Gerez, Serr.i de, Se>-q da Xa-rez, m 

Germantovvn, Jer-man-t-sn, vs N-Y., 
1; Pa., Va., Tenn., Ky., 0., la., &c. 

Germany, Jer-inan-i, a large portion 
of Central Europe, composed of nu- 
merous sovereign states, bound to- 
gether by a common league, called 
the Germanic Confederation, name- 
ly : Anhalt-Bernburg, Dessau, 
Kothen, Austria, Baden, Bavaria, 
Bremen, Brunswick, Frankfort, 
Hamburg, Hanover, Hesse-Cassel, 
Darmstadt, Homburg, Hohon- 
zollern-Hechingen, Sigmaringen, 
Holstein and Lauenburg, Liechten- 
stein, Lippe-Detinold, Schaum- 
burg, Lubeck, Luxemburg with Litn- 
burg, Mecklenburg-Sohwerin, 
Strelitz, Nassau, Oldenburg and 
Kniphausen, Prussia, Reuss (old 
line,) (young line, ) Saxony, Saxe- 
Altenburg, Coburg-Gotha, 
Meiningen, Weimar-Eisenach, 
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Son- 
dershausen, Waldeck, Wurtemburg; 
Area, 235,029; pop. 41,187,000. 

Gerona, Jerona, or Xerona, ^/a-ro-nq,, 
o Sp. 

Gettysburg, Get-iz-burg, bar Pa., 3)^. 

Ghara, or Garra, G^r-q, name of Sut- 
loj River, for 260 in., Brit. Ind. 

Ghauts, Gats, m Hind. 

Gheel, or Gael, Gal, t Belg., 7. 

Gheezeh, Ghizeh, Ge-ze, t Egypt, near 
the great Pyramids. 

Ghent, Gent, c Belg., 112>; vs N-Y., 

Ghio, GE-CD, or Ghemlek, Gem-lek 

s-pt t As. Minor. 
Gholson, Gol-son, v Miss. 
Gliuznee, Ghuzni, Giiz-n, r and ft o 

Afg., est. 3 to 10. [N". Ir. 

Glint's Causeway, basaltic formation, 
Giant's Mountain, Asia Minor. 
Gibraltar, Ji-brol-tar, c and ft rock S. 

Sp., 13%; vs Mich., Wis.; Bay 

and Strait, same location. 
Giessen, Ges-en, t Ger., 10. 
Gijon, Jijon, or Xixon, Jle-h&n, ft s-pt 

t Sp., 6^. 

Gila, or Jila, /fel-q, r N-Am. [60. 
Gilbert (Gil-bert) Islands, Pac. Oc., 
Gilboa, Gil-bu-a, vs N-Y., Va., 0. 
Gilead, Gil-s-ad, vs Me., 0., 111., &c.; 

Mount, in Syria. 
Giles Jjlz, cos Va., Tenn. 
Gilge, Gil-ge, r Prus. 
Gillespie, Gil-es-pe, co Tex; p o Mo. 
Gilly Xsl-ye, v Belg., 5%. 
Gilmor, Gil-mer, vs Tex., 111. 
Gilulo, Js-lo-lia, is Malay Arch. 
Gilopolis, Gil-6p-o>-lis, p o N. C. 
Gilroy, Gil-rff, p os Mo., Cal. 
Gimonc, Xs-mon, r Fr. [Ind. 

Giugee, or Jhinji, Jin-je, ft t Brit. 
Girard, Ji-rqrd, vs Pa., Ala., 0. 
Girgenti, Jir-jen-tr, o Sicily, 18%. 
Givet, Xfi-va, ft t Fr., 5%. 
Givors, Xs-vor, t Fr., 9%. 
Gladova, Glq-do-vq, t Servia. 
Glasgow, Glas-ga, large com. c Scot., 

347 ; also -i's in Mo., Ky., &c. 
Glassborough, Glas-bur-Gj, v N-J., 1 J^. 
Glastenbury, Glas-ten-ber-i, v Conn. 
Glatz, Glqts, fit Prus. Silesia, 7%. 
Glauchau, Gl-s-7i#, t Saxony, 8%. 
Gleiwitz, Glj-vits, t Prus. Silesia, 7^. 
Gleodale. Glen-dal, vs 0., Mass., N-J., 
Glenn's Falls, v N-Y., 2>. 
Glogau, GlQ-g"s,/i{ t Prus. Silesia, 14%. 
Glornmen, Glom-en, r Norway. 
Glookhov, or Gluchow, Gloo-kov, t 

Rus., 7. 

Glossop, G16s-op, t and par Eng., 22^[. 
Gloucester, Glos-ter, c Eng., 18. 
Gloucester, ts N-J., Mass., 8. 
Gluckstadt, Glok-stqt, t Den., 6. 
Gnosen, Ga-zen, t Prus., 7%. 
Godavery, Go-dq-ver-i, r Ind., 700 m. 



Goentor, Ga>n-t<6r, val Island of Java. 
Goes, list*, t Neth., b%. 
Goggra, Gog-rn, r N. Hind., 400 m. 
Golcondo, G'>l-kon-dq, t Hind.: T III., G6lt-bef<7, t Prus. Sil., 7%. 
G ild Coast, cy Guinea, \V. Africa. 
GokUboroubj Guldz-bur-o, vi Pa., 

N. C. [Ois. 

Golf,;, Isles Da, 81 de Golf, is S. Pac. 
G'jliii'l, Go-li-ad, co and v Tex. 
Gomera, Ga-ma-rq, i Canaries, 11%. 
Gondar, Gou-dar, cap c Abya., 50. 
Gonzales, Gon-7,u,-lez, co and f) Tex. 
GIMM! Hope, ter Gr. Brit., S. Af.; vs 0., 

Wis., &o. 

Gookeka, G.fc-ke-kq, I and t) Eu. Ga. 
Goole, G*l, r-pt and t Eng., 5. 
Goolkoo, G<t>l-k(6, m Afg., 13,000 ft. 
Goomree, G;6m-re, ruinedW Rus. Ar., 

now the city of Alexandropol, 10. 
Goom'y, or Goomtee. G(f>m-te, r Brit. 

Ind. [5. 

Goppingen, Gep-ig-en, t Wiirtemburg., 
Gordon, GSr-don, vs Ga., 0. 
Gorgona, Gor-go-nq, is Med., Bay of 

Chocho : N- Gran. 
Gorhani, Gu-ram, v Me., N-H., N-T. 
Goritz, Ge-rits, t Illyria, 12%. 
Gorkum, Gar-kum, ft t Neth., 8%. 
Gorlitz, Ger-lits, t Prus. Silesia, Jo}^. 
Goroguea, Go-na-ga-q, r Brazil. 
Gwrt, Gart, t Ir., 3. [&c. 

Gosben, Ga-Jen, vs N-Y., 3% ; la., 
Goslar, Gos-lar, t Hanover, 7%. 
Go.port, Gos-port, ft s-ptt Eng., 7%; 

vs Ala , Li. 

Golha, Gii-tq, t Cen. Ger., 13%. 
Gotha (Ge-tq) Canal, Sweden. 
Gothenburg, or Gottenburg, G6t-en- 

burg, s-pt c Sweden, 28%. 
Gottingen, G<-tifl-en, t Han. 10%. 
Gottland, Got-land, is Baltic, 41)^. 
Gouda, G^-da, t Neth. 14>. 
Gouffre, Gjbf-r, r C. E. ' [!> 

Gouldsborough, Gkf)ldz-bur-o, v Me., 
Gourdon, Goftr-dwn, t Fr., 5. 
Gouverneur, Gobv-er-ndbr, (often pro- 
nounced, Guv-er-ner, ) v N-Y., 1. 
Governador, Go-ver-nq-d6r, i Brazil. 
Governor's Island, N-Y Harbor. 
Gowanda, Go-woa-da, v N-Y. 
Gowauus Go-wo-nus, v N-Y. 
Gower (G-s-er) Island, Solomon group. 
Goyannn, Go-yojn-q, c Brazil, 5. 
Goyaz, Gro-y^i, c Kra., 8. 
Gozo, or G'izzo, Got-zo, is Med., 16. 
Graciosa, Grq-se-<f-sq, is Atlantic. 
Griifenberg, Gra-fen-berA, t Bavaria. 
Grafton, Grdf-ton. vt ilass., Yt.. 0.. 

111., C. W., &c. 

Graham, Gra-ham, vs N-C., la., Mo. 

(irajuliu, Grq-^n-lxJb, r Bra. 

Gramuiichelc, Grqin-i-ka-la, t Sic., 8. 

Grammont, (rq-m(f>n, t Bolg., 7\. 

Grampians, Gram-pi-anz, inn Scot., do. 

(Jran, Grqn, c of Hun., 12. [Aust. 

Granada, Grq-nd^-da, c Sp., 61% ; c 
Nicaragua, 10. 

Grand Caillou, Ka-ydo, 'bayou IA. 

Grand Coteau, Ku>-UJ, r La. 

Grand Cote Prairie, fLtt I'ra-re, v 111. 

Grand Detour, Da-Ubr, v 111. 

Grand Ecore, fl-kdsr, p o La. 

Grand Gulf, v Miss. 

Grand Haven, Ha-ven, t Mich. 

Grand Island, in the Niagara River. 

Grand Isle, co Vt., consisting of it 
Lake Champlain; i Lake Superior. 

Grand Rapids, c Mich. 5 ; v Wis. 

Grand River, Mich., 220 m.; r La., 
0., Mo. [Mich. 

Grand Traverse, Trav-ers, J> and p o 

Grandville, Grand-vil, r* Mich., III. 

Grangemoulh, Granj-mufi, s-pt t Scot. 

Granger, Gran-jer, co Tenn.; vs N-Y., 0. 

Granicus, Gra-nj-kus, r As. Minor. 

Grunville, Gron-vel, ft s-pt t Fr., 10; 
vt N-Y., Va., O., 2% ; la., 111., &c. 

Grasse, Grqs, t Fr., 11%. 

Grass Lake, v Mich., % ; Rivnr, N-Y. 

Grasville, Graville, Grq-vel, vYr., 12%. 

Gratiot, GraJ-i-ot, cos and vs Mich., 
0, and Wis. 

Gratz, Grets, cap c Styria, 50. 

Graudenz, Gr-s-dents, ft t Prus., 6%. 

Grave Creek, v Va., 1%. 

Gravelines, Grqv-len,/f s-pt tYr., 5%. 

Gravesend, Gravz-end, t Eng., 6%. 

Gravina, Grq-ve-nq, c Naples, 8. 

Gray, Gra, t Fr., 7%. 

Graysville, Graz-vil, vt Pa., 0., III. 

Great Barrington, Bar-in-ton, v Mass., 

Great (or Fremont) Basin, a singular 
region in the w. part of Utah Tor. 

Great Bend, rt N-Y., Pa., 1%, la. 

Great Britain, Brit-en, largest and 
most important island of Eu., com- 
posed of the united territories of 
Eng., Wales, and Scot.; area, 87,903 
a. m., pop 20,816,351. [I Wis. 

Great Butte des Morta, Bqt da M<r, 

Great Egg Harbor River, N-J., 60 in. 

Great Falls, * N-H., 4%. 

Great Fish River, S. Af., 230 m.: r 
Br. N. Am. [N-H. 

Great Island, in Portsmouth Harbor, 

Great Kanawa, Ka-nt5-wa, r N-C., 
and Va. 

Great Salt Lake, Utah Ter. 



Great Slave Lake, Bnt. N. Am. 
Great Slave River, Brit. N. Am. ,300m. 
Greece, Ores, A- S. E. Eu., consisting of 

two peninsulas of main land, and 

various contiguous islands; pop. in 

1852, 1,002,112. 
Green B,iy, arm of Lake Mich., 100 by 

15 to 35 m.; co t Wis., '2%. 
Greenhush, Grea-baJ, * N-Y. [1%. 
Greencastle, Gren-kas-l, ts Pa. 1J4, la. 
Greene, Grgn, num. ts and cos U. S. 
Greenfield, Grsn-fdd, vg Mass. 2%, Pa., 

0. I, la., 111., Wis. 
Greenland, large * of Den., n. e. N. A., 

93^, Esquimaux. [E. 

Green Mountains, Conn., Mass., Vt., C. 
Greenock, Gren-ok, s-pt t Scot., 36%. 
Green Point, v N-Y., 3. 
Greenport, v and pt of entry N-Y., 1%. 
Green Hiver, rt Ky., 111., Or., etc.; vs. 
Green^borough, Grenz-bur-o, vs jtf. C., 

Ga., Pa. [%. 

Greensburg, us Pa. 1%, La., Ky., la., 
Greenupsburg, Gren-ups-burg, cot Ky. 
Greenville, vs 0. 1%, R. I., Conn., Pa., 

N. C., S. C., Ga.,Ala., Tex.. Tenn., Ky. 
Greenwich, Grin-ij, par Eng., 105%. 
Greenwich, Gren-wic,, vs Mass., Conn., 

N-Y., N-J. 

Greenwood, Gren-wiad, rs Miss., La., la. 
Greiffenhagen, Grjf-en-hq-gen, t Prus. 
Greifswalde, Grjfs-v^l-de, t Prus., 11>. 
Grenada, Gren-a-da, i Brit. W. Ind., 

32>; v Miss. 

Grenadines, Gren-q-denz, is W. Ind. 
Grenelle, Gre-ne'l, * Fr., 8. 
Grenoble, Gren-o-bl', c Fr., 31^. 
Gretna ^ Gret-na ) Green, v on the line 

bet. Scot, and Eng. 
Grey Town, or San Juan de Nicara- 
gua, San Ha>-4n da Ne-kq-rq-gwq, 

s-pt t Cen. Am. 
Griffin, Grif-in, t Ga., 3>. 
Griggsville, Grigs-vil, v 111., 1. 
Grimes, Grjinz, co Tex. [12j^. 

Griinsby, (Grimz-bi,) Great, s-ptt Eng., 
Grinnell (Grin-el) Land, in Arc. Oc. 
Grodno, Grod-no, goo Rus., 795j^ ; t 

do., 16. 

Groningen, Gron-ii)-en, t Neth. 
Grossenhain, GruJs-en-bjn, t Sax., 6%. 
Grossetete, Gros-tat, p o La. 
Grossetete Buyou, Bj-co, La. 
Grosswardein, Gras-wer-djn, c Hun., 


Groton, Gr<S-ton, r* Mass., N-Y. 
Grottaglie, Gro-t41-ya, t Nap., 5. 
Griinstadt, Gren-stqt, t Rhen. Bav., 3J^. 
Guacara, Gwq-kq-rq, t Yen., 4. 
Gaachinango, G wq-qi-n^n-go, t Mex.,6. 

Guachipe, Gwq-qe-pa, or Guachipas, 

Gwq-qe-pqs, r La Plata. 
Guacuba, Gwq-kdt>-bq, r N-Gran. 
Guadalajara or Guadalaxara, Gwq-d^- 

Iq-Aq-rq, c Mex., 70. 
Guadulaviar, Gwq-dq-lq-vi-^r, T Sp. 
Guadalquivir, Ge-dal-kwiv-er, r Sp. 
Guadalupe, Gwq-dq-lix>-pa, m, r and t 

Sp, 3%. 

Guadulupe, Ga-da-l(.6p, r and co Tex. 
Guadalupe Hidalgo, Gwq-dq-ldb-pa He 

dql-go, t Mex. 
Guadalupe-y-Calvo, Gwq-dq-liJb-pn-i- 

Kql-vo, t Mex., 10. 
Guadeloupe, Ge-de-lifep or Gq-de-ld>p, 

i W. Ind. 

Guadiana, Gwq-di-4-nq, r Sp., Port. 
Guaduas, Cwq-dwqs, t N-Gran. 
Guahan, Gwq-hqn, i Pac. Oc. 
(Juaianeco, Gwj-q-na-ko, i gr w. Pat. 
Gualan, Gwq-lqn, t Cen. AID., 2. 
Gualateiri, Gwq-lq-ta-i-re, mp Andes. 
Gualillas, Gwq-lel yqs. mpass Peruvi- 
an Andes, 14,750 tt. high. [ 1(5 X- 
Guanabacoa, Gwq-nq-bq-ki5-q, t Cuba, 
Guanajuato or Guanaxuato, Gwq-nq- 

Awq-to, st Mex.; c same, 63. 
Guanaparo, Gwq-nq-pq-ro, r Ven. 
Guanare, Gwq-nq-ra, t Ven., 12. 
Guano (Gwq-no) Islands, coast S. Am. 

and Af., some of which are the Seal 

and Chincha Islands. [Cuba. 

Guantanamo, Gwqn-tq-ni^-mo, har s. 
Guapai, Gwq-pi, r Bol. 
Guarambari, Gwq-rqin-bq-rE, r Par. 
Guarapari, Gwq-rq-pq-rs, r, m and t 


Guarapiche, Gwq-rq-pE-qa, r Ven. 
Guaratiba, Gwq-rq-te'-bq, f-pt v Bra., 4. 
Guarico, Gwq-re-ko, r Ven., 200 m. 
Guaruapo, Gwq-ro>-q-po, two rt Ven. 
Guatavita, Gwq-tq-ve-tq. v and I N- 

Guatemala, Gwq-ta-mqMq, st Cen. Am. 

Area, 44,500 s. m.; pop. 1,000,000. 

New, cap above state, 50. 
Old, c 12. 

Guaviare or Gnabiare, Gwq-yi-^-ra, 

r N-Gran., 450 m. 

Guayama. Gwj-q\-mq, s-pt t Porto Ri., 5. 
Guayaquil, Gwj-q-kel, c Ecuador, 20. 

Gulf of, ditto. 

Guaytara, Gwj-tq-rq. r Ecuador, 75 m. 
Gubbio, G(f>-bi'-o, c Cen. It., 17. 
Guben, Gif>-ben, t Prus., 9%. 
Guelph, Gwelf, t C. W., 2. 
Guerande, Ga-rond, t Fr., 8%. 
Guerara, Ga-rq-rq, t Algeria. 
Gueret, Ga-ra, t Fr., 5. [co O. 

Guernsey, Ge"rn-ze, one of Channel Is.j 


Guerrero, Gcf-a-ro, st Mex., 270. 
Giiglingen, G^g-lin-en, t Wiirt.,14^. 
Guiana or Guyana, Ge-o^-nq, ttr S. Am. 
Guieowar's, Gwik-o-warz, tt Hind. 
Guijar or Guixar, Ge-Aq>, I San Salv. 
Guilford, Gil-ford, vt Me., Vt., Conn., 

N-Y., &c. 130. 

Guillotiere, La, Lq Ge-yo-ti-^, t Fr., 
Guiloom, Ge-li6m, r Senegambia. 
Guinea, Giu-e, a geographical division 

ofAf. [Cuba, 4. 

Giiine?, Gwe-nes, (almost We-nes,) t 
Guingamp, Ggn-gon, t Fr., 7^. 
Guionsville, Gj-onz-vil, p o la. 

tip 1 " For gulfs not mentioned below, 

see proper name. 

Gulf of Guinea, At. Oc., coast N. Gui. 
Gulf of Lyons, Lj-onz or Le-<f>n, Med., 

s. Fr. 

Gulf of Mexico, s. coast of the U. S. 
Gulf of Panama, Pq-nq-in4> ^>M, Oc., 


Golf of Paria, Pq-ri-q, Carib. Sea, Ven. 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, Lo-rens, At.Oc., 

lying bet. C. E. and Newfoundland. 
Gulf of Tehuantepec, Ta-wqu-ta-pek, 

Pac. Oc., Cen. Am. 
Gulf Stream, a singular current in the 

At. Oc., having its origin in the Gulf 

of Mexico. 
Gumoorjeena, Gum-cor-je-nq, t Ea. 

Tur., 8. 

Giins, Gens, fr t Hun., 8. 
Gurupatuba, Go>-r(D-pq-t<f>-bq, r Brazil. 
Gurupi, GiD-rcD-pe, r and t Brazil. 
Gurutuba, G(D-ra>-trf>-bq, r Brazil. 
Gustavia, Goa-t^-vi-q, cap island St. 

Bartholomew, 10. 
Giistrow, Ges-trov, t N. Ger., 9. 
Guyandotte, Gj-an-d6t, r and v Va. 
Gwalior, Gw^-li-or, c Hind. 
Gwinnett, Gwin-et, co Ga. 
Gyongyos, Dyen-dyeJ, t Hun., 14%. 
Gyula, Dydb-lo,' t Hiin., 13^. 


Haarlem or Harlem, Hq>-lem, c Neth., 


Habersham, Hab-er-Jam, co Ga. 
Haddam, Had-am, Conn., 2J<^. 
Haddington, Had-ig-ton, 'burgh Scot., 4. 
Haddonfield, Had-on-feld, v N-J. 
Hadersleben, Hq-ders-la-ben, s-pt t 

Den., C. 

Hadleigh, Had-li, t Eng., V/ 3 . 
Hadley, Had-li, vt Mass., Mich., 111. 
Hagerstown, Ha-gerz-fsn, t Md., 4; r 

la., 0. 

Hague, Hag, The, t Neth., 72>^. 
Haguenaa, Hqg-n6 or flg-nw, t Fr., 


Haina, Hj-nq, r and b Hayti. 
Hainan, H|-nqn, i ot China, 1,000,000. 
Hainaut or Hainault,Ha-n<5, prov Belg. 
Hainichen, Hj-niA-en, t Sax., 5}^. 
Hala (Hq-lq) Mountains, Beloochistan. 
Halberstadt, H^l-ber-stqt, t Prus. Sax., 


Halcyon, Hal-si-on, p o Pa. 
Halesowen, Halz-6-en, t Eng., 2}^. 
Halfmoon. Hqf-man, t N-Y., 2%. 
Halibut, H61-i-but, Island, N. PHC. 
Halifax, Hal-i-faks, t Eng., 33) 5 c 

Nova Scotia, 27; vt U. S. 
Halle, Hq-le, c Prus. Sax., 29%. 
Hallettsville, Hal-ets-vil, co t Texas. 
Hallowoll, Hal-o-el. t Me., 3. 
Hall's LandJng, v 111. 
Halstead, Ual-sted, t Eng., 5%. 

Ilamadan, Hq-mq-dqn, c Persia, 30. 
Iliiniiili, Hq-mq, c Syria, 44. 
Hamburg, Ham-burg, ( Ger. H^m- 

burA,) c Ger., 161}^; ts N-Y., N- 

J., Pa., S. C., 111., &c. 
Hameln, Hq-rneln, t Han., 6J^. 
Hamilton., llam-il-ton, t Scot., 9^: 

cs 0., 8; C. W., 18; vt N-Y., N. C., 

Ga., &c. 

Hamm, Hqm, t Westphalia, 7. 
Hammersmith, Haui-er-sinit, t Eng., 


Hammond, Ham-ond, v N-Y. 

Hammondsport, v N-Y., %. FVa. 

1 1 iimps tend, Hnmp-sted, rt Enff., Md., 

Hampton, Hamp-ton, vt N-H., Va., N- 
Y., Conn.; t Eng., 5. 

Hampton Roads, arm of Chesapeake &. 

Hanau, Hq-nv, t Ger., 15^. 

Hancock, Han-kok, num, cog U. S. 

Hang-Chow-Foo, Hqn -<!' -Fdb, c China. 

Hanging Uock, v O., 1. 

Hnn-Kiiing, Hqn-Ki-qp, two rt China, 
600 and 200 m. 

Hannibal, Han-i-bal, t Mo., 4. 

Hanover, Han-o-ver, c, k d-c., N. Ger.; 
r* N-H., seat of Dartmouth College: 
0., 111.; t Pa., 11^. 

Hanover Court- House, co t Va. 

Hanse (Hans) Towns, or Hanseatio 
( Han-SB -ai-ik) League, an associa- 
tion of towns for mutual support, 


Han-Yang or Han-Yang-Foo, Hqn- 

Yqij-Fi. c China. 
Hapai, Hq-pj, i gr S. Pac. Oc. 
Harburg or Haarburg, Hqr-bur^., t 

Ger., 5. [b%. 

Harderwick, Hqr-der-vik, s-pt t Neth., 
H'irdin, Hqr-din, vs 0., 111., Iowa. 
Hardinsburg, Hqr-dinz-burg, v Ky., 1. 
Harlem, Hqr-lem, sub N-Y. City, 5; vs 

0., 111., &c. 

Harlingen, Hqr-lirj-en, ft t Neth., 8}. 
Harinar, H^r-mar; v 0., 1%. 
Harmony, Hqr-mo-ni, vs N-J., Pa., &c. 
Haro, fl'ro, t Sp., 6. 
Harper's Ferry, Hqr-perz Fer-i, v and 

U. S. armory, Va. 
Harpeth, Hqr-pet, r Tenn., 100 m. 
Harricanaw, Har-i-kan-e, r Br. N. Am. 
Harrisburg, Har-is-burg, cap Pa., 10; 

vs Texas, 0., la., Mo., Iowa. 
Harrison, Har-i-son, vs Tenn., %; 0., 

1% ; la., Ill, &c. 
Harrisonburg, vs Va., \Y Z ; La. 
Harrisonville, vs N-J., Pa., Ky., 0., &c. 
Harrisville, Har-is-vil, v Pa., Va., O. 
Harrodsburg, Har-odz-burg, co t Ky., 

3; vs la., Mo. 
Harrowgate, Har-o-gat, watering-place 

of Eng., 3%. 
Hartford, Hqrt-ford, c, semi cap Conn., 

20; is Me., N-Y., Pa., Miss., Ky., &c. 
Hartland, t Eng.: vs Mich., Wis. 
Hartlepool, Hqr-tl-pcol, s-pt t Eng., 9%. 
Hartsgrove, Hqrts-grov, v 0., %. 
Hartsville, vs N-Y., Mass., Pa., la., &c. 
Hartwick, Hqrt-wik, v N-Y., %. 
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 
Harveysburg, Hqr-viz-burg, v 0. 
Harwich, Har-ij, s-pt t Eng., 4%. 
Harwich, Hqr-wic,, t Mass. 
Harwington, Hqr-wirj-ton, v Conn. 
Haslingden, Has-lirj-den, t Eng., 9. 
Hasselt, Has-elt, t Belg., 8%. 
Hassloch, Has-loA, v Rhen. Bav., 4^. 
Hastings, Has-tirjz, t Eng.; v N-Y., 

Mich.; r Australia. 
Hatborough, Hat-bur-o, v Pa. 
Hatchie or Hatchy, Haq-i, r Tenn., 

nav. 150 m. 

HatfieUl, t Eng., 6^; vs Mass., Pa. 
Haukivesi, Hi-ki-va-se, I Finland. 
Havana, Ha-van-a, cap Cuba, 134% ; 

vs N-Y., 111., &c. 
Havel, Hq-vel, r Ger., 180 m. 
Haverford, Hav-er-ford, t Pa. West, 

r-pt S. Wales. 

Haverhill, Hav-er-il, t Eng. [0. 

Haverhill, Ha-ver-il, vs Mass. 4, N-H., 
Haverstraw, Hav-er-stre, v N-Y. 
Havre, Hq-vra, v Belg., 2. 

Havre, Le, L? H^r-r, s-pt c Fr.. 30. 
Havre de Grace, Hav-er de Gras, V 

Md., 1%. 

Hawaii, Hq-wJ-e. (or Owhyhee,) lar- 
gest of Sandwich Islands, 24^. 
Hawash, Hq-wqJ, r Abys., 460 in. 
Hawes, Hez, t Eng., 1%. 
Hawesville, Hez-vil, v Ky. 
Hawick, Ho-wik, t Scot., 65^. 
Hawkeshead, Heks-hed, t Eng. 
Hawley, He-li, v Pa., 3. 
Haw River, N. C. 
Hayes (Haz) River, Brit. N. Am. 
Hayneville, Han-vil, v Ala., %. 
Haysville, Haz-vil, vs Pa., O., la. 
Hayti or Haiti, Ha-te, * second in size 

W. Ind., 943. 

Hazebrouck, Hqz-bnfck, t Fr., 8. 
Heathsville, Hgts-vil, co t Va. [115. 
Hebrides, Ileb-ri-dez, 160 is w. Scot., 
Hebron, He-bron, t Palestine, 10; ? 

Conn., N-Y., O., 111. 
Hechingen, HeA-ii)-en, t Ger., 3^. 
Hecla, ( Hek-la, ) Mount, vol Iceland. 
Hee-Ho or Hi-Ho, He-Ho, r Corea. 
Heidelberg, Hj-del-berA, c W. Ger., 12. 
Heilbronn, Hjl-bron,'^ Wiirt., 8%. 
Heiligenstadt,* Hj-li-gen-stqt, t Prns., 

4%. [Wis. 

Helena, Hel-8-na, vs N-Y., Ark., Ky., 
Helgoland, Hel-gco-lqnd, of Great 

Britain, North Sea, 2^[. 
Helicon, (Hel-i-kon,) Mount, m Greece. 
Hell Gate or Hurl Gate, rocky pass 

East River, near New-York. 
Helmsley, Helmz-li, t Eng., 3^. 
Helmstadt, Helm-stet, t Ger., 5%. 
Helmund, Hel-mund, r Afg., 650 m. 
Hclsingfors, Hel-sig-fers, s-pt t Rus., 

cap Finland, 16. 

Helstone, Hel-ston, bar and t Eng. 
Helvetia, Hel-ve-Ji-a, anc. name of 

Switzerland; v 111. 
Helvoetsluis, Hel-vut-sl6s, ft s-pt t 

Neth., 2%. 
Hernel-Hempstead, Heni-el-Hemp-sted, 

t and par Eng., 7%. 
Hempstead, v N-Y., 1>^. 
Henderson, Hen-der-son, vs Ky. 1%, 

N-Y., N. C., 111., Tex., Min. 
Heng-Choo-Foo, Herj-6o>-Frf>, c China. 
Heng-Kiang. Herj-Ki-qrj, r China. 
Henley-on-Thaines, Hen-li-on-Temz, t 

Eng., 3%. 

Hennepin, Hen-E-pin, co t 111. 
Henrico, Hen-rj-ko, co Va. 
Henrietta, Hen-ri-et-a, v N-Y. 
Henry, Hen-ri, v 111., 1J^. 
Henryville, Hen-ri-vil, vs C.E. 1%, la. 
Herat, Her-qt, /< c W. Afg., 40. 



Hereford, n<5r-e-ford, en and c Eng., 12. 

Hcrford, Her-fort, t Wesphalia, 5^. 

Hcrkiuicr, Her-ki-mer, v N-Y., 1%, 

Hermann, Hor-man, v Mo., 1. 

Hermannstadt, Hyr-inqn-stat, t Aus., 
21J*. llll. 

Hermitage, H(jr-mit-aj, re N-T., Ga., 

Herinon, Her-inon, v N-Y. 

Hertford, Hqr-ford, bor and < Eng., 6%. 

Hertford, Hert-ford, co and N. C., Hes-Kas-el, Ger. princi- 
pality, pop. 759,751. 

Husse - Darmstadt, Hes - Dq>m - stqt, 
Grand Duchy, ind. Ger. tit, pop. 

Hesse-Homburg, Hes-H6m-burg, die 
W. Ger., pop. 24,921. 

Houvelton, Uti,-vel-ton, v N-Y. 

Hexhum, Heks-ham, t Eng., 4%. 

Hiang-Ho-Vou, Hi -qn-Ho-V<f>,e China. 

Hibernia, Hj-ber-ni-a, a name of lr- 
land; Mo. 

Hickman, Hik-man, co t Ky., 2. 

Hickory, Hik-o-ri, t* Pa., O., 111. 

Hicksford, Hiks-ford, co t Va. 

Hierapoli?, Hj-er-ap-o-lis, anc. ruined 
c As. Tur. 

Higginsport, Hig-inz-port, 0., %. 

Highland, Hj-land, ve Pa., O., la,, &c. 

Highlands, Hj-landz, div N. and N. W. 

Hightstown, Hjts-tttn, r N-J. 

High worth, Hj-wurt, bor and Eng., 4. 

Hildesheiin, Hil-des-hjm, t Han., 14%. 

Hillah or Hilla, Hil-a, As. Tur., 10. 

Hillsborough, Hilz-bur-o, ts Ir. 3V, 
N-H., Va., N. C., 0., la., 111., Mo. 

Hillsdule, Hilz-dal, ve N-Y., Mich. 

Himalaya, Him-a-lj-a, or Ilimmaleh, 
Hiui-4-le, Mountains, Hind. 

Hiuckley, Hink-li, t Eng., 6^: t> 0. 

Hindoo-Koosh, Hin-d(D-KtDj, or Ghoor 
Mountains, Cen. Asia. 

Hindostan, Hin-do-stan, extensive re- 
gion, S. Asia; pop. 150,000,000. 

Hauls, Jljinlz, co Miss. 

Hinesburg, Ujnz-burg, v Vt. 

Hinghum, Hin-ham, / Mass., 4. 


Hiram, Hj-ram, * Me., 0. 

Uirschberg, HerJ-bfrA, ft t Pras. Si- 
lesia, 7y 3 . 

Hivaoa, B-rq-4-q, i S. Pac. Oo., 6%. 

Hjelmar or Hielmar, Hye'1-mar, I Swcd. 

Hoai-Ho, HQ-j-Hu, r China, 400 in. 

Hoai-Khiug, Hu-i-//in, c China. 

Hoang-Ho, Ho-afl-Ha, r Chinese Em. 

Hobart, HA-bart, vs N-Y., la. [25. 

Hobart Town, cap Van Diemen's Land, 

Uobokeu, llw-bu-kou, c N-J., 6; t Cul. 

Hochstadt, H6A-st<;t, < Bav , 2>^. 
Hocking, H6k-in, r and co 0. 
Hodgdon, H6j-don, v Me. 
Hoei-Ho, llu-a-IIii), r Chinn, 400 m. 
Hoei-Ngan, Ua-a-ngqn, c ChtntM Km 
Hoei-Tong, Ho-a-T6n, c Cliirui, 41. 
Uoeksche-Waard, De, De Iliik-sA 

Vqrd, * of Hoi., 22. 
Hof, Hof, t Bav., 8. 
Hogansburg, Hoi-ganz-burg, v N-Y. 
liohenzollern-Hechingen, Ho-en-ts61- 

ern-HeA-in-en, prin. Gr., 20J4. 
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Sig-in(i- 

rin-en, prin. Ger., 45j^. 
Holbeach, 1161-beq, t and par Eng., 2^. 
Holland, Hol-and, (North and South,) 

k Neth., composed of peninsulas and 

islands; pop. 1,106,248: re N-Y., Mk-h. 
Holley, H61-i, v N-Y., 1^- [2>^. 

Hollidaysburg, H6l-i-daz-burg, t Pa., 
Holliston, H61-is-ton, r Mass., 2^. 
Holly (H6l-i) Springs, v Miss., 4. 
Hollywood, v Ir., 1%. 
Holmes' (Homz-ez) Hole, v Mass. 
Holmesville, H6mz-vil, vt 0., la.. Miss. 
Holstein, (Hol-stjn,) Duchy of, be- 
longing to Den.; pop. in 1850, 482,3(54. 
Holston, H<bl-ston, r Tenn., 200 m. 
Holt, Holt, t Eng.; co Mo. 
Holyhead, H61-i-hed, t and s-pt t of 

N. Wales, 5%. 

Holyoke, Hul-yuk, v Mass., 3J4. 
Holywell, H61-i-wel, t N. Wales, 5%. 
Homburg, H6ni-bu/-A,/J i llhen. Bav. 3. 
Home City, t; O. 

Homer, H6-mer, re N-Y. 1>^, La., 0. 
Horns, Hams, or Hums, t Syria, 30. 
Honda, H6n-da, (Sp. (jn'dq,) t New 

Granada, 5. 

Honduras, Hon-d(f>-rqs, ft and I Cen. A. 
Honeoye, Ho-ne-^, v N-Y.; Tails, 

v N-Y., \%. 

Honesdale, Ilunz-dal, co t Pa., 5. 
Hong-Kiang, Uon-Ke-4v) nav - r China, 

800 m. 

Hong-Kong, Br. i e. e. China, 37. 
Honiton, Hiin-i-ton, t Eng., 3>. 
Honolulu, Hon-o-ltE)-l(D, t and s-pt 

Sandwich Islands, 6. 
Hoobly, Hdb-bli, t Br. Ind., 15. 
Hoogly or Hooghly, Hdbg-le, t and r 

Br. Ind. 

Hoorn, Horn, ft t N. Hoi., 8%. 
Hoosick (HiJb-sik) Falls and Tunnel, 

near Troy, N-Y. 
Hopedale, Hwp-dal, v Mass.; v 0., and 

seat of McNeely Normal School. 
Hopkinsville, Hop-kinz-vil, co t Ky. f 

3^; v O. 
Horicon, H6r-i-kon, ve N-Y., Wis. 



Horncastle, Hern-kos-l, t and par Eng.5. 

Hornellsville, Hor-nelz-vil, c N-V., IX- 

Hurchiim, Hers-ani, bor and t Eng., 6; 
v Pa. 

Horton, Hor-ton, s-pt Nova Scotia. 

Hot S'jrings, i:s Va., Ark. 

Hottentots, Hot-en-tots, an Af. race, 
Cape of Good Hope. 

Houghton, Hii-ton, co and p o Mich. 

Houghton-le- Spring, t and par Eng., 

Houlton, Hui-ton, v Me. \% 1 A- 

Houtna, Ilcb-mq, v La. 

Uounslow, H-snz-lo, t Eng., 3J^. 

Housatonic, IId>-sa-t6n-ik, Kiver, Mass., 
150 in. 

Houston, HcDs-ton, co ts Miss., Texas 
6 : t Kansas Ter. 

Howden, H-s-den, t and par Eng., 2%. 

Howell. H^-el, cot Mich., %. 

Hoy, Her, i and pa/ 1 Eng., lj^. 

Huahoine, Hdi-q-he-na, Society Is., 2. 

Huallaga, Wql-yq-gq or Hwql yq-gq, 
r Peru, 500. 

Huamanga, \Vq-mqy-gq, or Guaman- 
ga, Gwq-mqrj gq, c Peru, 20. 

Huumautla,, \Vq-mqnt-lq, t and battle 
field, Mex. [ru, 8. 

Huancavelica, Wqn-kq-va-ls-kq, I Pe- 

Huaraz, Wq-rqs, t Peru, 5. 

Huaura, Wx-rq, s-pt t Peru. [Eng., 25. 

Huddersfield, lliid-erz-feld, tor and t 

Hudson, Hud-son, or North River, N- 
Y., the finest in the U. S., 300 m.; 
nav. for tho largest ships to Hudson, 
117 m.: c N-Y., 7: vs O. 1%, Mich.; 
cot Wis. 

Hudson's Bay, inland sea of Br. Am., 
850 by 600 m. 

Hudson's Bay Territory, the whole of 
Jir. X. Ain., excepting the Canadas, 
N-Brunswick, Nova Scotia and New- 
foundland, over which Hudson's Bay 
Company have a charter for its use 
as hunting ground for furs. 

Hue", Hwa m Ho>-a, r Anaro. 

Hue, or Thua-Thien, T-hwq-Ti-en, 

cap empire of Anam. 
Huesca, Wes-kq or Hwes-kq, c Sp., 9. 
Hughesville, Hqz-vil, vs N-J., PH., Va. 
Hull, Hul, r-f't and b,r Eng., 83. 
Hulmesville, H6inz-vil, x Pa. 
Humber, Hum-ber, T Newfoundland, 

150 m.; et. Eng. 
Humboldt, Hum-bolt, v Wis.; & and r 

Cal., 350 m. 

Humphreys, Um'friz, co Tenn. 
Hurnphreysville, Conn., O. 
Hungary, Hun-ga-ri, cy S. E. Europe, 

forming a part of the Austrian Em- 
pire; ar. 69,170 s.m., pop. 11,000,000. 
Hungerford, Hiirj-ger-ford, t and par 

Eng., 2%. 

Hunslet, Hiin-slet, chapelry Eng., 20. 
Huntersville, Hiin-terz-vil, co t Va. 
Huntingdon, Hunt-ii)-don, ?*>r and t 

Eng., 6^; co ts Pa. 1%, Tenn. 
Huntington, Hunt-ijj-ton, r*N-Y.,Vt., 

S. C.; co t la. 

Huntly, Hunt-li, t and par Scot. 
Huntsville, Hiints-vil, v> ts Ala. 4, Mo., 

Tex. \y\ TS 0., la., 111. 
Hurdwar, Hurd-wer. t famous for its 

annual fairs, N. Hind. 
Huron, (Hq-ron,) Lake, third in sizo 

of N. Am.; vs N-Y., O. 
Hurst Monceaux, (Mon-s6,) par Eng. 
Husum, Ha>-sum, s-pt t Den., 4. 
Hay, Her, t Belg., 8^. 
Huyton, Hj-ton, par Eng. 
Hyannis, Hj-an-is, and s-pt Mass. 
Hydopark, Hjd-pqrk, co t Vt.; r N-Y., 

Pa. iy 3 . 
Hyderabad, Hj-der-a-bqd, c India, 200; 

t and/!! Hind., 20. 
Hydra, He-drq, or Idra, S'drq, i of 

Greece, 20. 

Hyeres or Hieres, He-4?\ t Fr.. 10. 
Hythe, Hjd, lot- and t Eng., 2%. 


In order to ngree with Lippin- 
cott's Gazetteer, " names in Eastern 
Europe and Asia, beginning with I, 
followed immediately by a vowel, will 
generally be found under Y ; thus, for 
lakoutsk, see Yakootsk ; lana, see Ya- 
na, &c. 

Ibague, S-bq-ga, t N-Gran., 5. 
Ibarra, S-bqr-q, t Ecuador, 11. 

Iberia, f-bjS-ri-a, r 0., Mo. 
Iberville. fber-vil, par and co t lift. 
Ibicui, 8-bi-kwg, r S. Am., 400 m. 
Iceland, Js'land, of Den., bet. N. At. 

and Arc. Oceans, 60. 
Ico or Icco, 8'ko, t Brazil, 7. 
Icod, 8-kod, t island of Teneriffe, 5>. 
Ida, >Fda, co Iowa; p o Mich. 
Idjeng, Id-jen, active vol is. of Java. 



Idle, *M1, r Eng. 

Lln;i, Id'ri-u i/r E'dri-q, t Illyrin, 4J-. 
LIuiiuvH, Id-yq-ruK-u, uuc. cy VV. Asia, 
lesi, 8-a-s.E, "t It., 9. 
Igatimi, 8'-gq-ti-me, r S. Am., 200 m. 
Iglau, Ig'l-s, t Moravia, 16%. 
Iglesias, 8-gla-si-qs, t Sardinia, 12^. 
Iglo, Ig'lcj, t N. Hun., 6. 
Iguacu, 8-gwq-sJj. t and r Brazil. 
Iguahida, 8-gwq-lq-dq, t Sp., JO. 
Iguulapa, 8-gnq-lq-pq, t Mex., 3. 
Ijjuape, 8-gwq-pa, / Brazil, 150 m. 
Ikiopti, f'-kni-pq, r Madagascar, 270 m. 
lli'racointie, Il'ira-kooin, *-//( I Eng., 3. 
Ilha Grande, El'y^l Gr^n-da, * of 

Brazil, 2. 
Iliniea, 8 li-ne-sq, m p Andes, EC., 

17,380 ft. 

Lkeston, Il'kes-ton, tzndpar Eng.,61^. 
Ill, 81, rr., 100 m. 
JJler, Il'er, r S. Gor., 85 m. 
Illiuiuni, 81-yq-mq-ni, M Bol. Andes, 

Illinois, ll-i-n#, one of the w. U. S.; 

area 55,409 a. m., pop. 857,470; r 111. 
Illinois College, Jacksonville, III. 
Illyria, Il-ir-i-a, ter forming the s. w. 

part of Austria; area 10,C96 a. in., 

pop. 1,284.917, of whom % are slaves. 
Ilrni nster, Il'min-ster, t aud pur Eug., 

Iloilo, 8-lo--lo, prov of Panay, 259%. 

Iinbros, Iin'bros, or luibro, Iin'brw, i 
Gr. Arch., 4. 

luiula, 8'ma-lq, t Cen. It., 9%. 

Inagua, 8-n4-gwq, one of Bahama Is. 

Independence, c Mo., 3; cotsKy., Io.; 
c* Tex., O., la., &c. 

India, In'di-a, region of cy S. Asia; 
divided into India beyond the Gan- 
ges, and Brit. Ind.; area of the latter 
1,427,547 s. in.; pop. 170,813,668. 
" The gov. is vested in the East Ind. 
Company as trustees for the crown, 
consisting of the Governer-General, 
and a council of five members." 

Indiana, In-di-an-a. one of the w. U. 
S.; area, 33,809 s.'rn., pop. 988,342. 

Indiana, no t Pa., 1 ; v C. W. 

Indianapplis, In-di-an-ap-Q-lis, c cap 
of la., 18 ; v Iowa. [coast. 

Indian Ocean, a vast sea off the At. 

Indianola, In-di-an-u-la, r Tex., Iowa, 

Indian River, Fa., 100 m. 

Indian Territory, w. Ark., set apart by" Isl 
gov. of U. S. for the exclusive occu- 
pation of the Indian tribes of the 
West. [750 in. 

Indighirka, In-di-gir-kq, r E. Siberia, 

Indrngiri, In-drq-pdr-e, nav. r Sumatra. 
Ii:dre, And'r, r Fr. 
Indus, In'du.s, r S. As., 1650 m. 
Industry, lu'dus-tri, T Pa.. 0., 111. 

C. E. ['Jfc. 

Ingolstadt, In'ol-stqt, fit Upper l!av. f 
Ingoolets, In-giD-lets, r Kus., 220 m. 
Inkerman, Ink-cr-inqn, t-pt of S. 

Kus. in the Crimea. 
Inn, r Swit. and Uav., 250 m. 
Innspruck, Ins'pruk, cap Tyrol, 12%. 
liistt-rburg, Ins'ter-bu;-A, t E. Prussia, 

Inverness, In-ver-n^s, s-pt t Scot., 12- 

% ; T Mich. I Ttr. 

Inyan Keukuh, In'yqn Re-q-kq, r Miu. 
Inyan Yankey (Yafl-kij liivcr, Iowa, 
lona, 8-6-nu, i Hebrides, Scot., 1. 
Ionia, (t-6-ni-a, is Mich., III., Mo. 
Ionian (i'-di-ni-un ) Islands, Med., w. 

of Gr.; bel. to Gr. Br.; pop. 219%; 

ten, part of Mcd. 
Iowa, i'o-wa, one of U. S.: area 50,914 

s. in., pop. 330 ; r Iowa, 300 m. 
Iowa City, cap Iowa, 4. 
Ipswich, Ips'wic,, lor and t of Eng., 33j 

t .Mass., 3%. 

Iquique, 8-ke-ka, s-pt t S. Peru. 
Iraja, 8-rq-jq, v Brazil, 5. 
Irasburg, i'ras-burg, r> Vt. 
Irasu, 8-rq-scb, vol Costa-Rica, 11,478 ft. 
Iren, 8-reu, or 8-ran, r Kus., 150 m. 
Iredell, ir'del, co N. C. 
Irehirid, ir'land, western it of the 

Kingdom of Gr. Brit.; area 32,513, 

pop. 6,553,163. 
Irish Sea, tFriJ, portion At. Oc., bet. 

Ir. and Eng. 

Irkootsk, Ir-k<f>tsk, c Siberia, 120. 
Iroquois, Ir-o-kw6, r la., 111.; v III. 
Iroquois, or Six Nations, Fr. name of 

the united Mohawk, Oneida, Onon- 

daga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscaro- 

ras Indians. [1200 m. 

Irrawaddy, Ir-a-w6d-i, r S. E. Asia, 
Irtish, Ir'tiJ, r N. As., 1700 in. 
Irvine, Er'vin, s-pt t Scot., 4%; r* Pa., 


Isar, 8'zar, or Iser, 8'zer, r Ger., 165 m. 
I -chia, Is'ki-q, i in Mud., 24. 
Iseghem, 8'se-Ai>m, t Belg., 8%. 
Iseilohn, 8-zer-l(in, t Prus., 10%. 
Isernia. 8-ser-ni-q, t Nap., 5%. 
Iset, 8-set, r Siberia, 250 m. 
Ishiin, </r Ischim, Ij'im, r Sib., 700 m. 
" la de Leon, fcVlq da La-ifin, c Sp., 

Isla de Negros, 8s'lq da Na-gros, it 

in the Malay Arch., 35%. [12. 

Islamabad, Ls-lqin-a-biid, t Brit. Ind., 



Island Pond, v Vt. 

Islay, i'la, it Habrides in Scot., 16. 

Isle, 81, r Ft., 100 ra. 

Isle Au Bois, 81 o Bwq, p o Mo. 

Isle Au Haut, 81 o Ho, an entrance of 

Penobseot Bay. 

Isle-aux-dmdres, Sl-o-Kdod-r, C. E. 
Isle-Dieu, 81-Dg-e, ft i Ft., 1%. 
Isle of Pines, * Pac. Oc., 2> ; i. W. 

Ind. Arch., \%. [50%. 

Isle of Wight, *l ov Wjt. i Eng. Chan., 
Isle Royale, $1 Rtf-al, Lake Superior. 
Islington, Is'lip-tnn, par Eng., 95%. 
Islip, Is'lip, v N-Y. 
Ismail, Is-inq-i'!, ft t Rus., 21%. 
Isola, 8 l sc>-lq, t Illyria, 3^. 
Isola Grossa, 8'sffl-lq Gros-q, i Adriatic 

Sea, 12. 
Ispahan, Is-pa-hqn, or Spahawn, Spq- 

han, c Persia, 150. 
Issaquena, Is-a-kws-na, co Miss. 
Issoire, 8s-wq>, t Fr., 5%. 
Issoudun, 8-$a>-dun, t Fr., 13%. 
Istip, Is'tip, t Eu. Tur., 8. 

Italy, It'a-li, (It, I-t4 ; li-q,)cyin S. Eu. 
consisting of divisions, kiugdouis, 
dutchies, &c., formed of the penin- 
sula, and adjacent islands; area 
118,356 s. m., pop. 24,733.385. 

Itamaraca, 8-tq-uiq rq-kq. Bra.. 8. 

da, r Brazil, 410 in. 

Itasca Lake, It-a3-ku, the head of the 
Mississippi. [Chili. 

Itata, S-tq-tq, or Chilian, Gsl-yqn, r 

Itawamba, It-a-woin-ba, co Miss. 

Ithaca, It'a-ka, Ionian Is., 9%; co t 
N-Y., 7 : v 0. [0. 

Itooroop, 8-Ut>-n6p, Koorile Is., N. Pac. 

Itu, Hitu. or Yta, 8-t(f>, t Bra., 10. 

Itzehoe, It'se-hw-e, t Den., (i. [Bra. 

Ivahi, 8-vq-he, or Ubahi, (D-bq-he, r 

Iviga, Iviza, 8-ve-sq, * Sp.. 11. 

Ivinghoe, Iv'ifl-ho. t Eng., 2. 

Ivrea, 8-vra-q, t Pied., 7. [8%. 

Ivry-sur-Seine, 8-vre-ser-San, v Fr., 

Izard, Iz'ard, co Ark. [15,705 ft. 

.Iztaccihuatl, Ss-tqk-si-hwq-tl', vul Mex., 


To agree with Lippincott, 
"Names beginning with J, in Eastern 
Europe and Asia, will generally be 
found under Y, thus : for Jablonoi, see 
Yablonoi : Jassy, see Yassy, &c." 
Jabary, Xabary, 7/q-bq-r8, or Yavary, 

Yq-vq-re, r S. Am., 450 in. 
Jaca, or Xaca, .flq-kq, t Sp., 3. 
Jacarehi, Xq-kq-ra-he, t Bra., 7. 
Jacinto, Ja-sin-to, v Miss. 
Jackson, Jak-son, t's La., Tenn., Ky., 

O., Mich., Mo., &c. 
Jacksonville, co t 111., also of Va., Ga., 

Fa., Ala. 

Jacuhy, Zq-kco-s, r Bra., 250 m. 
Jaen, or Xaen, //q-en, c Sp., 17%. 
Jaen de Bracamoros, T^-en da Brq-kq- 

mcj-ros, t EC., 2. 
Jaffa, Jaf-a, or Yqf-q, t Pal., 5. 
Jaffnapatam, Jqf-nq-pq-tqm, s-pt t 

Ceylon, 8. [120 m. 

Jagua, or Xagua, 7?q gwq, r Hon., 
Jaguaribe, Xq-gwq-re-ba. r Bra., 460 in. 
Jalapa, or Xalapa, //q-lq-pq, c Mex., 

10 ; Ja-lq-pa, r* Tenn.. la., 111. 
Jallore, Jq-lur, t Hind., 15. [m. 

Jalomnitza, Yq-lom-nit-sq, r Wai., 140 
Jaloun, Jq-ldbn. t Hind., 180. 
Jamaica, Ja-ma-ka, largest of the 

Brit. W. Ind. Is., Caribbean Sea; 

pop. 377,433 ; v in N-Y., 4%. 

Jamaica Plain, v Mass. 

Jamesburg, 1) N-J. 

James River, Va., 450 ra. 

James's (Jamz-ez) Bay, g Brit. Am. 

James Town, cap of is St. Helena; 

co ts Tenn., Ky.; v N-Y., 2% ; Va., 

0., la. 

Janesville, Janz-vil, c Wis., 6. 
Japan, Jq-pan, (called Niphon, Nip- 

hon, by the Japanese,) an empire in 

the N. Pac., composed of three large 

and several small islands area 116,- 

405 s. m.; pop. 35,000,000. 
Japura, //q-pcb-rq, r S. Am., 1000 ra. 
Jarrow, Jar-o, par and v Eng., 42^". 
Jasper, Jas-per, co ts Ala., Tex., Ark., 

Tenn., la. 8%. 

Jasz-Apathi, Yqs-0-po-ts, t Cen.Hun., 
Jasz-Bereny, Yqs-Ba-rany, <Hun., 17. 
Jauer, Yi-er, t Prus. Silesia, 6J^. 
Janja, H-s-hn, or Atanjauja, H-tqn- 

A^-Aq. r 400 m. 
Jauru, X--r(f>, r Brazil, 220 m. 
Java, Jq-vq, an *' Malay Arch.: area 

49,730 s. m., pop. 9,600,000; Ja-va, 

v N-Y. 

Javana, Jq-v4-nq, t Java, 10. 
Jawahir, Jq-wq-her, peaks of Himalaya 

Mountains 25,670 ft. 
Jaxartes, Jaks-qr-tez, r Ind. Toorkis- 

tan, 900 in. 


Jedburgh, JeM-bar-u, t Scot., 2%. 
Jefferson, Jef-er-son, v N-Y., JV; 

co It N. C., Ga., Ala., Tex., 0., Wis., 

1^ ; la. 

Jefferson City, cap Mo., 3. 
Jeffersonville, t I;i., location state pen- 
itentiary, pop. 3 ; co t Va. [Pal. 
Jehoshaphat. Je-hoj'-a-fat, Valley of, 
Jemraapes, Xa-tnq^p, V Belg., 4%. 
Jena, Jen-a, or Ya-nq. t Gen. Ger., 6J^. 
Jenne, J(n-e, t W. Af., 9. [Bra. 
Jequitinhonha, Xa-ke-ten-y6n-yq, r 
Jerez de La Frontera, //k-refi da Iq 

Fron-ta-rq, t 8 p. 
Jerez-de-Los-Caballeros, Ha-re6-da- 

Los-Kq-bq-la-rus, c Sp., 6><. 
Jericho, Jer-i-ko, ane. c Pal.: T Vt., 
Jerome, Je-nim, la. [N-Y., Ala. 
Jersey, Jer-zi, the largest of the Ii. of 

Gr. Brit, in the Eng. Chaa.; area 

39,000 acres, pop. 57^. 
Jersey City, N-J., 22. 
Jersey Shore, v Pa., %. 
Jerseyville, Jer-zi-vil, co t 111., -J. 
Jerusalem, Je-rife-sa-lera, a revered c 

Pal., 10; e*N-Y., Va. 
Jessuliueer, Jes-ul-mgr, t Hind., 20. 
Jeypoor, or Jypoor, Jj-pJ[>r, st and c 

Hind., 60. 

Jhylum, or Jilum, Jj-lum, r Punjab. 
Jidduh, or Djiddah, Jid-q, -'it t Ar.,22. 
Johnson, Jon-son, r* Vt., Ga., 111. 
Johnson, Jon-ston, r Scot., 5^. 
Johnstown, co t N-Y., 1%: v Pa., 2. 
Joigny, Xwqn-ye, t Fr., 8l. 
Juliet, J6l-i-et, co t 111., 4. 
Jonesboroti'^h, Jiinz-bur-a, co t Teun., 

III.: v Ga., Ala., la., Mo. 
Jonesville, en t Va.; v Mich., I. 
Joodpoor, Juod-poar, i>t and t Hind., 60. 
Jordan, jjr-dan, r As. Tur., 120 m.; 

N-Y. . 

Jorullo, Xurullo, /fia-nfcl-yo, t;o/ Mex. 
Josephine, Jo-ze-fen, v III. 
Jouna, J<Jo-nq, r Itus. Ain., 300 m. 
Juan Fernandez, Jij,-an Fer-nin-dez, 

* Pae. Oc., IS by B in. 
Judea, Jij,-d8-a, anc. k of Pal. 
Juggernaut, Jua;rnauth, Jug-er-net, 

t and ttmple of Ind.: pop t 30. 
Jujuy, Jftt-Awi, r La Plata, 300 m. 
Jumna, Jiiin-nq, r Ind., 6SO in. 
Juneau, Ji^-nio, v \Vis. [671 ft. 

Juugf rau, Yiaij-frT?, m Swiss Alps., 13- 
Juniata, Jii-ni-^-ta, r and co Pa. 
Jura, Ji'i-ra, f Innur H-tl>ri<lus Soot., 

w separating Fr. from Swit. 
Jutland, Jilt-laud, pen and prov Den. 


Kaffa, Caffa, K^f-ci, t Rus., 7^. 

Kaffraria, Caffraria, Kq-frq,-ri-q, re- 
gion of S. E. Af.; pop., 345,000. 

Kafiristan, Kq-fe-ris-tq^n, cy Cen. As. 

Kairwan, or Cairwan, Kjr-wi^n, c N. 
Af., 50. [8000 h. 

Kiiisareeyeh, Kj-zar-e-e, c As. Min., 

Kalafat, Kq-lq-fqt, t Eu. Tur. 2000 h. 

Kalamazoo, Kal-a-ma-zdEt, r and co t 
Mich., 5. 

Kalantan or Calantan, Kq-lqu-tq,n, st 
Malay Pen., 50. 

Kalida, Ka-lj-da, co t 0. 

Kalitnno, Kq-lim-na, or Calamo, Kq- 
Iq-mo, w s. w. coast As. Min. 

Kalisz or Kulisch, Kq-liJ, c Pol., 12. 

Kallo, Nagy, N<>j Kq-16, t Hun., 5^. 

Kallsioen, Kql-si-e-en, I Swed. 

Kalraar, Kql-mar, two eg of Swed. 

Kalocsa, Ko-loq-o, t Hun., 6. . [V. 

Kalooga, Kf|-l(t-gq, gov and t Rug., 29- 

Kalwarya, Kql-v^-ri-q, t Pol., 1. 

Kama, Kq"-mq, r Rus., 1400 in. [15. 

Kaiuieniec, Kqm-yen-yet-i, t Rus. Pol., 

Kampen, Kd.m-pen, t Noth., 10%. 

Kamtchatka #r Kamtschatka, Kqra- 
qq,t-ka,/e/i forming a part of the Si- 
berian Gov., n. e. of Asia, 6. 

.Kanawha, Ka-nd-wn, co and r Va. 

Kanayawa, Kq-nj-q\-wq, c Japan, 200. 

Kan-choo or Kan-Tchou, Kqn-c/6, ft o 
China. [joe Is., 10. 

Kandaboo, Kqn-dq-bif>, one of the Fe- 

Kuudy or Candy, Kqn-de, t Ceylon, 7. 

Kane, Kan, r and co III. 

Kangaroo, Kan-ga-nfi, M S. Aust. [%. 

Kanisii, N'agy. Xoj Ko-ne-Jo, t Hun., 8- 

Kankakee, Kan-ka-kl, / la. aud 111.; 
v 111.; City, c', t 111. 

Kankaree, Kqn-kq-re, / As. Tur., 18. 

Kan-Kiang. Kqn-Ki-q^i- r Chi., 350 m. 

Kanona, Ka-nii-ua, X-Y. 

Kanum, Kq-na>ui. c Little Thibet. 

Kanzas, or Kansas, west. Tor. U. S., 
the "bone of contention" between 
the free and slave states, nonunene- 
incc with the repeal of thu ". Missouri 
Compromise," in 1854; area 114,798 
s. in.; r of the tor., 120 111; T Mo., %; 
tr *-" 



Kara, K(\-rq, r Bus., 125 m. 
Karakool or Karakoul, Kq-rq-kcjo'., t 

Bokhara, 30. 

Karaman. Kq-rq-mc^n, t As. Min., 12. 
Karan^-Assain, Kq-rqn-H-sqm, st Ma- 

1 ly Arch., pop. 250,000. 
Kar.i Soo, Kara Sou, or Kara Su, Kq- 

r<i S:o, rs As. Min.. Per., As. Tur., 

Eu. Tur. [S. Rus., 15. 

Kara-Soo-Bazar, Kq-rq-Sin-Bq-zqr, t 
Kardzag, Kord-sog, t E. Hun., 11%. 
Karikal, Kq-ri-kql, t lad., 15. 
Karlsburg, or Carlsburg, KqHs-bu/vl, 

t Tran., 12^. 
Karlstadt, w Carlstadt, Kq/'l-stqt, free 

t Aus. Croatia, 4^; t Bav.. 2^. 
Kars or Khars, Kqrs, c As. Tur., 12. 
Kasaulik, Kqz-qn-lik, t Eu. Tur., 10. 
Ka^.-liau, Kq-Js, or Kositze, Ko-sit-sa, 

c Hun., 15%. 

Kalian, or Cashan, Kq-fqn, t Per., 30. 
Ku^h^ar, or Cashgar, KqJ-gqr, c Chi. 

Toork., 16. [714. 

Kasimor, Kasiuiow. Kq-si-mov, t Rus., 
Kaskaskia, Kas-kas-ki-a, r 111., 300 in.; 


Kassaea, Kq-sq-kq. c Japan, 150. 
Kastainoonee, or Kastamouni, Kqs-tq- 

mi6-ne, t As. Min., 48. 
Katonah, Ka-t(f>-na, v N-Y. 
Katrine, Ka-trin, or Kat-rin, I Scot. 
Kaufman. Kef-man, co Tex. 
Kaukauna, Ka-ka-na, v Wis. 
Kayala, Kq-vq-lq, s-}>t t Tur.. 4. [10. 
Kavaya, Kavaja, Kq-vi-q, t Eu. Tur., 
Kazan, Kasan, Kq-zqn, goo and c Rus.. 


Kecskemet, Keq-kem-at, < Hun., 42. 
Kediri, Ka-de-rg. proo, t and r Is. of 

Keih-on, Ke-dron, brook of Pal., in the 

Valley of Jehoshaphat. 
Keea-Hing;-Foo. Ka-q-Hin-Foo. ft c 

China, 270. 

Keene, Ksn, co t X-H., 2^ ; v Ky. 
Keeseville, Kez-vil, v N-Y., 2. 
Keighley, Kst-li, Eug., 13. 
Knith. Ket, < and par Scot.. 5. 
Keithsburg, Kets-burg, co t 111., X- 
Kelat, w Khelat, Ke-lqt, < Belg.,"l2. 
Kelso, Kel-so, t and j>ar Scot., 4% ; 

r la. 
Kemijoki. Ka-mi-yo-ke, or Kemi, Ka- 

me, r Rus., 300 in. 

Kempten, Kemp-ten, t Bavaria, 7%. 
Kemptvillc, Kemr-vil, n C. W., 1%. 
Ken, or Kent, r Eng.; Ken, r Scot. 
K'-nan-iville, Ken-anz-vil, eotS.Q, 
Kemlal, Ken-dal, t and par Eng , lOJxj. 
Kenduskea:*, Ken-dus-kag, v Me. I 

Kenesaw, Ken-E-se, p o Ga. 
Kenilworth, Ken-il-wuri, t and ^)a>* 

Eng., 3 if 

Kenjua, Ken-jq-a, - Pa. 
Kentnare, Ken-m^r, r and t Ir., IJ-^. 
Kennebec, Ken-e-bek, r Me., 150 in. 
Kennebunk, Ken-e-biink, r and )' Me. 
Kennedysville, Ken-e-diz-vil, X-Y. 
Kennet, Ken-et, r Eng. 
Kenosha, Ken-6-Ja, t Wis., 5V^. 
Kensico, Ken-si-ko, v N-Y. 
Kensington, Ke'n-sin-ton, t and par 

Eng., 44 ; tub Philadelphia, 48. 
Kent, TS Conn., la. 
Kenton, Ken-ton, cotQ. 
Kent's Hill, v Me. 
Kentucky, Ken-tuk-i, one of the w. 

U. S.; area 37,680 s. m., pop. 761,449 

whites, 10,011 free blacks, 210,981 

slaves, total, 982,405 ; r Ky. 
Keokuk, Kt5-o-kuk, co an! t Iowa, 15. 
Keosauqua, Ks-Q-sa-kwa, co t Iowa. 
Kerah, Ka-rq, r Per., 350 m. 
Kerman, Ker-raqn, ft c Per., 30. 
Kermanshah, Ker-inqn-Jq, t Per., 35. 
Kern Lake, Cal. 

Kertch, Kerq, t Rus., 10. [2%. 

Keswiek, Kez-wik, or Kez-ik, t Eng., 
Keszthely, Kest-hely, t W. Hun., 7J^. 
Ket, Ket, r As. Rus., 500 m. 
Keta, Ka-tq, r As. Rus. 300 m. 
Ketcho, Keq-o, or Cachao, Kaq-^-o, 

c of Anam, in S. E. As., 100. 
Kettering, Ket-er-in, t and par Eng., 


Kew, Ki|. v Eng., palace of George III. 
Kewaunee, Ke-wd-ns, r and co Mich. 
Kevveenaw (Ke-we-no) Bay, Lake Su- 
perior : Point, n. part Mich. 
Key, or Ki, Kj, is Malay Arch. 
Key port, Ke-port, v N-J. 
Keysport, Kgz-port, v 111. 
Keys, K&z, (or Cays,) islets on the 

shores of Honduras. 
Keytesville, Kets-vil, co t Mo. 
Key West City, co t Fa.. 3. 
Khania, J/q-ne-a, (or Canea,) s-pt t 

Crete, 8. 

Khanpoor, T/qn-pc&r, t Hind., 20. 
Kharkov, Tfqr-kov, (or Slobodiseh 

Ukraine, S16-bo-diJ (O'kran,) gon 

s. Eu. Ras., area 20,921 s. in., non. 

Kharkov, or Oharkow, c, cap of the 

above, 35. 

Khartoom, .flqr-tifiin, cap N;uliia, 20. 
Khatanga, //q-tqij-gq, r As. Ras.. 

700 m. 
KhatuiandoQ, Kqt-mqn-do6, (/>/ Kath 

uuaro, I^qt-h-^-ra,) eaj> of 



Kherson, or Chorson, //er-sun, gav and 

ft t S. Rus., 24^. 
Kailok, //e-16k, / As. Rus., 430 m. 
Khiva, Ke-va, cy and or< in Ind. 

Toork., 10. 

Khoi, U<t, t N. Per., 30. 
Khonsar, J/on-sqr, t Per., 13. 
Khoolooin, //D-lcmn, t Afg., 10. 
Khyen-Dwem, Kj-en-Dwein, r Far. 

lud., 400 in. 

Khyerpoor, Kj-er-prf>r, t Sinde, 15. 
Kiukhta or Kiauhta, Kg-^A-tq, t Sib., 5. 
Kickapoo (Kik-a-pd>) Indians, Kansas 

Ter.; r Wis. 
Kidderminster, Kid-er-min-ster, lor 

and t Eng., 23%. 
Kiel, Kel, s-pt t Den., 15. 
Kielce, Ke-elt-sa, a Pol., 5%. 
Kiev, Kiew, Ke-ev, (or Kief, Ke-eT;) 

;.'"' Eu. Rus.; area 1942 s. m., pop. 

1,636,339 ; e do., 47>. 
Kilbarchan, Kil-bqr-Aan, t and par 

Scot., 5>^. 

Kilbeggan, Kil-bdg-an, par and t Ir., 2. 
Kilbirnie, Kil-ber-ue, v and j>ar Scot., 


Kildare, Kil-d4r, co and 2 Ir. 
Kilia, Ke-li-q, ft t Bessarabia, 7. 
Kilkenny, Kil-ken-i, co, c and for Ir., 

pop of c 20%. 

Killaloe, Kil-a-ldo, < Ir., 2-%. 
Killarney, Kil-qr-ni, and par Ir., 6; 

three Is, do. 
Killiecrankie, Kil-e-krag-ke, po*s iu 

Grampian Mountains, Scot. 
Killough, Kil-o, s-pt t Ir., 1. 
Killucan, Kil-cb-kan, par Ir. 
Killyleagh, Kil-i-la, s-pt t Ir., 1. 
Kilmacduagh, Kil-mak-dco-a, par Ir. 
Kilmalie, Kil-ma-le, par Scot. 
Kilmalloch, Kil-inal-oA, t Ir., 1%. 
Kilmarnock, Kil-mqr-nok, t Scot., 21^; 

p Va. 

Kilmuir, Kil-m^r, par Scot. 
Kilmun, Kil-mun, sea-bathing v Scot. 
Kilrea, Kil-ra, t and par Ir., 1^. 
Kilrenny, Kil-ren-i, -p^ and par Scot., 


Kilrush, Kil-rdJ, -;># and < Ir., 4)^. 
Kilsyth, Kil-sjd, t and par Scot., 4. 
Kilwinning, Kil-win-in, t and pew- 
Scot., 3K- 
Kinboorn, Kin-b(f>rn, ft Rus., at the 

m. ,uth of the Dnieper. 
Kincardine, Kin-ko,r-din, s-pt t Scot. 
Kinderhook, Kin-der-huk, vs N-Y. 4, 

Ark., la., 111. 

King-Ki-Tao, Kin-Ki-Tq-o, capCorea. 
King-and-Queen Court-House, cot Va. 
Kingsbury, Kioz-ber-i, r* N-Y. 3, la. 

Kingston, cs C. W. 14; Jamaica 35; cap 
island St. Vincent, 5; Co t R. I ; at 
N-Y., Pa., G.i. 

Kingston-upon-Thames, ( Temz,) t 
and par Eng., 12%. 

Kingstown, Kinz-Un, s-pt t Ir., 10}^. 

Kin^ville, is O., Md., S. C. 

King-Te-Tchiang,Kin-Ta-ei-qn, t Ch. 

Kington, Kig-ton, t &nd par Eng., 3%. 

King William Court-House, co t Va. 

Kingwood, co t Va. 

Kinsule, Kin-sal, lor and s-pt t Ir., 5 J^. 

Kiong-Choo, Ke-o|)-txJb, c China, 100. 

Kireugha, Ke-ren-gq, r Siberia, 300 m. 

Kirgliuez, Ker-ggz, Mongol race of 
Cen. As., num. 2,260,000, sub. to Rus. 

Kirkcaldy, Ker-kdl-di, s-pt, t and j>ar 
Scot., iO>^. [Scot., 2-%. 

Kirkcudbright, Ker-kifc-bre, t and [jar 

Kirkintillooh, Kerk-in-til-oA, <and^ar 
Soot., &.%. [N. C. 

Kirkland, Kepk-land, vs Scot., N-Y., 

Kirkwall, Kerk-wdl, s-pt t and par 
Scot., 3>.' 

Kirriemuir, Ker-i-mer, or Killamuir, 
Kil-a-mer, t and par Scot., 3)^. 

Kirtland, Kert-land, O. 

Kishenev, Kif-e-nev, t Rus., 43." 

Kishm, Kijm, i Persian Gulf, 5, Arabs. 

Kistnah, Kist-na, r India, 600 m. 

Kitianning,' Kit-an-irj, v Pa. 

Kittatinny, Kit-a-tin-i, or Blue Moun- 
tains, running through N-Y., N-J., 
Pa., Va., N. C., Tenn., Ala. 

Kizil-Irmak, Kiz-il-Er'inqk, r Asia 
Minor, 520 in. 

Kizliar, Kiz-li-qr, ft t Rus., 12. 

Kjbge, Ke-e-ge, t Den., 2y 3 . [14%. 

Klagenfurth, Klq-gen-fo&rt, t Illyrii*, 

Klamath, Klq-mat or Kl^-mat-h, writ- 
ten also Tlauiath, r and f Oregon. 

Klattau, Kl^-t'B, t Bohemia, 6)-^. 

Klausenburg, Kl-s-zen-burA, cap e 
Transylvania, 25>. [Kng., 10%. 

Knaresborough, N4rz-bur-u, t and par 

Knightstown, Njts-tn, v la., \%. 

Knottingley, N6t-in-li, v Eng., 4>. 

Knowlesville, Nulz-vil, v N-Y. 

Knuxvillo, Noks-vil, c Tenn., 5; co it 
Ga., III., Iowa. (4>. 

Knutsford, Niits-ford, t and par Lug., 

Koisoo, Kflr-sdb, r Rus., 1200 m. 

Kokomo, Ku-ko-ma, c la. 

Kokoora, Ko-kdb-rq, t Japan, 1(5. 

Kolin, or Neu Kolin, Nar Kcj-lsn, t 
Bohemia, 5%. 

Kolomea, Ko-lo-ina-q, <Aus. Galicia,7. 

Kolomna, Ku-16m-nq, t Rus., 13. 

Kolyma or Kolima, Ko-li-m4 or Ko- 
le-mq, r Siberia, 700 tn. 



Kooban, Koo-bqn, r S. Russia, 380 m. 

Koordistan or Kourdistan, Kcjor-dis-tan, 
cy of W. Asia, divided bet. Turkey 
and Persia; area 500,000 s. m., pop. 

Konrile (KiJb-ril) Islands, N. Pac., pop. 

Koorsk, Kdw'sk, div Eu. Rus.; area 
17,382 s. m., pop. 1,665,215; cap of 
same, 30%. 

Kordofan, Ker-do-fqn, e?/ Cen. Af ., 400. 

Koros, Nagy, Noj Ke-rej, t Hun., 18^. 

Kosciusko, (,Kos-i-us-ko) Mouut, Aus- 
tralia; co t Miss.; co la. 

Koslov, Kos-lov, t Rus., 8. 

Kossuth, Ko-Jcfit, co Iowa; 111. 

Kostroma, Kos-tro-mq, r, gov and c 

Rus., 14. 

KOVDO, K6v-n<D, t Rus. Poland, 7. 
Knijova, Krq-yu-vq, cap Lit. Wai., 8. 
Krementchoog, Kreui-ent-J<f>g, t Rus., 

Kremnitz, Krem-nits, t Hun., 6}/. 
Kreutznach, Krtfts-nqA, t Rhen. Prus., 


Kronstadt, Kron-stqt, t Aus., 36. 
Kuenlun, Kwen-lcbn, tns Cen. Asia, 
Kurno, Kdi-mo, r Rus. [22,000 ft. 
Kurrachee, Kur-a-<jE, s-pt t Sinde, 15. 
Kurrichane, Kur-i-kq-na, t-S. Af., 16. 
Kussnacht, Ki6s-nq//t, v Swit., the 

scene of William Tell's trial. 
Kutaieh or Kutaiah, Koti-tj-ye, t Asia 

Minor. [2%. 

Kyparissia, Ke-pq-ris-e-q, t Greece, 


La aland, L6-land, or Lolland, Lol-qnd, 

i of Den., 55-%. 
La Baie du Febore, Lq Ba de Fe-ber, 

v C. E. 

Labansville, La-banz-vil, v Pa., %. 
La liathie, Lq Bq-te, i) Sard. States, 1. 
Labooan, Lq-boo-qn, i Malny Arch. 
Labrador, Lab-ra-dd>r, pen e. coast Br. 

N. Am., as yet very little known in 

the interior; area 450,000 s. in., pop. 

5,000. [210m. 

Lacautuu, Lq-kqn-Udn, r Cen. Am., 
Laccjidive (Lqk-a-djv) Isles, group in 

Ind. Oc., 10. [cian tt. 

Laceda2mon, Las-e-de-mon, anc. Gre- 
Lachine, Lq-Jen, v C. E. 
Lachlan, Lqk-lqn, r Australia, 400 m. 
Luckawanna, Lak-a-wan-a, or Lacka- 

wannock, Lak-a-wan-ok, r Pa. 
Lackawannock Mountain, Pa. [Pa. 
Lackawaxen, Lak-a-waks-eu, r and t' 
La, Clair, La Kla,r, v 111. 
La Clede, La Klad or La Klrd, co Mo. 
Lac Maskinonge, Lqk Mqs-ke-nQn-ga, 

v C. E., 2. 

Lacon, La kon, co t 111. 
Laconia, Lq-ko-ni-q, gov Greece : v la. 
La Cote St. Marie, Lq Kot Sent Ma-re, 

p o Wis. 

Lac Qni Parle, Lqk Ke PqH, v Min. 
La Crosse, La Kros, r, co and co t Wis. 
Ladakh, Lq-dq\k, prov Cen. Asia; area 

30.000 s. m., pop. supposed to be 

500,000. [Eu.; v la. 

Ladoga, Lq-d<f>-gq, I Rus., largest iu 

Ladrones, Lq-dr6nz, or Mariana, Mq- 

ri-q-nq, Islands, of Sp., group N. 

Pae., 10. 
Lafayette, Lq-fa-et, c la., 9 ; par La., 

and sub N- Orleans, 7: co tn Ga., Tenn.; 

vs N-Y., N-J., Pa., Va., Ky., 0., Iu. f 

Iowa, Or. [100 m. 

La Fourehe, Lq Fd6rJ, bayou La., nav. 
Lagan, La-gan, r Ir. 
Lago Maggiore, Lq-go Mqd-jo-ra, or 

Lake of Locarno, Lu-kqr-nu, I N. 

It., 40 by 2 m. 
Lagos, Lq-gos, ft s-pt t Port., 7 ; t 

Mex.; t Guinea, 5; g and t Eu. Tur. 
La Grange, La Granj, co la.: cu (s Ga., 

Tex., Ky., la.; r Ala., Teiin., &c. 
Lagro, La-gro, v la. [8. 

La Guayra, Lq Gwj-rq, t and s-pt Veu., 
Laguemba, Lq-gem-bq, Feejee i. 
Laguna del Madre, Lq-gc6-nq del M^d- 

ra, lagoon or bayou Tex., 1 10 by 14m. 
Laguna Seca, Lq-gc6-nq Sa-kq, jooCal. 
Lahnjan, Lq-hq-jqn, t Persia, 15. 
La Harpe, La Hqrp, v 111. 
Lahaska, La-has-ka, p o Pa. 
Lahore, Lq-hor, cap of the Punjab, 

Br. Ind., 100. 

La Hoya, Lq Ilco-yq, v Mex. 
Lahsa, LqA-sq, fertile die E. Arabia, 50. 
Lake Kattakittekon, Kat-a-kit-s-kon, 

head of Wisconsin River. 
Lake Mills, v Wis. 
Lake of the Woods, I Br. N. Am. 
Lake Pleasant, Plez-ant, co t N-Y. 
Lake Prairie, Pra-re, v Iowa. 



Lake Providence, Pr6v-i-dens, v La. 

Lake Village, N-H. 

Lakeville, Lnk-ril, r Conn., N-Y., &c. 

Luke /urich, /q-rik, III. 

Lalita-Pahin. Lq-le-tq-Pq-tqn, t N. 
Hind., 24. 

Lamar, La-mqr, en Tex.; v Miss. 

Lamartine, Lam-ar-ten, p ot Pa., Ala.. 
Ark., Tenn., 0.; v Wis. 

Lambayeque, Lqm-bj-a-ka, t Peru, 8. 

Lambertville, Lam-bert-vil, t N-J., 2. 

Laiubourn, Chipping, &ip-iy Lam- 
burn, t and par Eng., 2%. 

Lamego, Lq-mn-go, c Port., 9. 

La Mine, La Men, f- and v Mo. 

Lamoille, La-raifl, r and co Vt.; t> 111. 

La Motte, La Mot, t Lake Chauap., >; 
v Iowa. 

Lanark, Lan-ark, en and t Scot. 

Lancaster, Lajj-kas-ter, co and s-pt t 
Eng., 16K; c V&., 15; eo te N-H., 
Ky., 0., Mo., Iowa. Wis.; ve Mass., 
N-Y., la. 

Lancaster Court-H-iuse, en is Va., R. C. 

Lancaster Sound, bet. Baffin's Bay 
and Burrow's Strait. 

Lanchang, Lqn-qqi), cap Laos country. 

Lanciano, Lqn-qi-q-no, t Nap., 13. 

Landau, Lo^n-dx, ft t Rhen. Buv., 6: t 
Germany. [Fr. 

Landerneau, Lon-der-n6, s-pt t and r 

Landsberg, Lqnts-bcrA, t Prus., 11%. 

Land's End, headland w. Eng. 

Landshut, Lqndz-lut>t, t Low. Bar., 9%. 

Lane End, t Eng., 12^. 

Lanesborough, Lanz-bur-o, vg Mass.,Pa. 

Lanesville, r la., Ky., Va. 

Langcland, Lqij-E-lqnd, z'of Den., 17</. 

Langensalza, Lqy-en-sqlt-sq, t Prus. 
Sax., 7%. 

Langholra, Lag-um, J>nr and Scot., 3. 

Langres, Lon-gr, ftt Fr., 11>^. 

Lanho, Lqn-hu, r China, 300 m. 

Lanier, La-ner, co t Ga. 

Lannion, Lqn-i-6n, t Fr., 61^. 

Lansing, Lan sin, cap Mich., 3. 

Lansingburg, Lan-sin-burg, t? N-Y., 5. 

Lanzarole, Lqn-sq-ro-ta, Canary *', 18. 

Laon, Lq-(>n, c Fr., 10. 

Laona, La-6-na, r# N-Y., 111. 

Laos, I/I-QS, ctf S.-E. Asia; area un- 
known, pop. supposed to be 1.000,000. 

La Paz, Lq Pqz, dep and t Bol., 20; 
cap Lower California. 

Lapeer, La-per, en and v Mich. 

Lapland, Lap-land, ter N. Eu., inhab- 
ited by a people noted for their sin- 
gular physical appearance, ethnog- 
raphers being unable to say whether 
they belong more to the Mongolian 

or Caucasian race; area 130,000 s. m.. 

pop. 20,000. 

La Pointe, La Pffnt, co and v Wis. 
Laporte, La-port, co ts Pa., la. 2%. 
La Prairie, Lq Pra-re, v C. E., ]%. 
La Purissima, Lq P<o-rp's-i-mq, v Cal. 
Lar fir Laar, Lqr, t Persia, 12. 
Laredo, La-ra-do, co t Tex. 
Ivargs, Lqrgz, g-pt and par Scot., 3. 
Larissa, Lq-ris-q, t Eu. Tur., 20. 
Larissa, La-ris-a, V Texas. 
Larkhana, Lqr-k^-nq, ft t Sinde, 12. 
La Rue, Lq Rd), p o 6.: a) Ky. 

L:is;illn, Lq-sql, 1) Fr., 2%. 

La S.-ille, L-i Sal, co and v 111., 3V; no 
N-Y.; Texas. 

Las Palmas, Lqs Pql-mqs, c island of 
Gran Canaria, 17j^. [50. 

Lassa or H'lassa, H-lqs-q. cap Thibet, 

L'Assomption, Lqs-wn-si-oh, C. E. 

Litakoea, Lq-ta-ke-a, s-pt t Syria, 10. 

Liuidorilale, La-der-dal, cos Ala., Miss., 
Tenn. [Den.: t Prus. 

Lauenburg, L's-en-burg, duchy and c 

Launceston, Lqns-ton, bf/r nndt Eng., 
6; t Van Diemen's Land, 5. 

L->ureana, L^-ra-^-nq, t Naples. 

Laurel, Lo-rel, 1's Del. 1%, 0., la. %. 

Laurel P'actory, Md., 1. [Pa.: r III. 

Laurel Hill, cemetery Philadelphia; me 

Lauren*, Lu-rens, dig S. C.; <v> Ga. 

Laurens Court-House, co t S. C. 

Lauria, L-j-ri-q, t Nap., 6-%. 

Lauricoeha, Lu-ri-kQ-qq, I Peru. 

Lausanna, Lo-zqn, c Swit.,on the Jura 
Mount;iins, 450 feet above lake Ge- 
neva. 20. Hero Voltaire, Haller, Tis- 
sot, Gibbon and Byron once resided. 

Lausanne, Le-san, v Pa. 

Lauven, L's-ven, r Nor. 

Lavacca, La-vak a, r and co Tex. 

Laval, Lq-vql, t Fr., 19"^. 

Lavaur, Lq-vu/-, t Fr., ly^. [Bra. ,12. 

L-ivras-de-Funil, Lq-vrqs-dn-Fit)-nEl, t 

Lawrence, Lo-rens, c Mass., 15 ; a rap- 
idly growing c Kanzas Ter.: also 
numerous cos in the states. [y Pa. 

La wrenceburg, t la., 5: co tg Ky., Tenn.; 

Lawrenceville, v and U.S. arsenal, Pa.; 
co tg Va., III.: r* la., &o. 

L:iybach, Lj-bqA, r and 2 Aus., 17J^. 

Leakesville, Leks-vil,* N. C.; co t Mi. -7s. 

Leamington, Lom-ijj-ton, < Eng.. 15%. 

Leareowurtb, Lev-en-wurt, c Kauzas 
Ter., 1. 

Lebanon, Le"b-a-non, mg Syria, cele- 
brated for their ancient and historic 
nssociations; co tg Pa. 3, Va.. Ala., 
Tenn., Ky., 0. 3>, la.; r N-H., III., 
Coun., &c. 



Lebrija or Lebrixa, La-br-Aq, t Sp., 

7%; ; r N-Gran. 
Leeoe, Let-qa, c Nap., 19J^. 
Le Claire, Le Kla/, v Iowa. [Ter. 

Lecompton, Ls-kotnp-ton, cap Kansas 
Leotoure, Lek-tcb?-, t Fr., 6%. 
Ledbury, Led-ber-i, and pa?' Eng. 4%. 
Ledyard, Led-yard, vs Conn., N-Y. 
Leeds, Lsdz, c or ior Eng., 152. 
Leedsville, Lgdz-vil, i'* N-Y.,N-J., Va. 
Leek, Lek. t and >ar Eng., 13}^. 
Leesburg, Liz-burg, c<? Va., 2 ; v 0., 

la., Ky., Tenn., Ala. 
Leesport, V Pa. 

Leesville, r* N-Y., Va., Ky., 0., la., 111. 
Leeuwarden, Le-wer-den or Le-u-vqr- 

den, t Hoi., 24^. [Ind. 

Leeward (Ls-ward) Is., applied to W. 
Lofkosia, Lef-ko-ze-q, (</r Nicosia,) 

cav island of Cyprus, 18. 
Leflnre, Ls-fl&r, v Miss. 
Leghorn, Leg-hern or Leg-hern, s-pt t 

Tuscany, 78. [t Aus. It. 

Legnago, Len-yq-go, ft t Lombardy, 6; 
Leh, La, or Lei, La-e, c Cen. Asia, 8. 
Lehi (Le-hj) City, v Utah Ter. 
Lehigh, Le-hj, r and co Pa. 
Lehighton, Le-hj-ton, v Pa. \v Mass. 
Leicester, Les-ter, co Eng.; t do., 60^; 
Leigh, LE, t and pa?' Eng., 5)^. 
Leighton-Buzzard, Le-ton-Buz-ard, t 

and ^>ar Eng., 7. 
Leipsic, Lj'p-sik, >?w and c Saxony, 

noted for its fairs, 70. 
Leipsic, Lsp-sik, v Del.; p os 0., la. 
Leisnig, Lis-niA, t Sax., 5J^. 
Leith, Let, -^< ^ Scot., 31. 
Leitmeritz, Ljt-mer-its, ft t Boh., 4^. 
Leitomischel. L|-to-miJ-el, ^ Boh., 6^. 
Leixlip, Las-lip. < and par Ir. 
Lema (La-mq) Islands, Chinese Sea. 
Le Mai re, Le Ma,/', sir S. Am. 
Lemberg, Lem-berg, (or Leopold) t 

Aus., 71. [m. 

Lena, Le-na, (Rus. La-n^,) T As., 2400 
Lennwee, Len-a-we, co Mich. [5/^- 
Lendinara, Len-di-nq-rq, ft t Aus. It., 
Lennox Town, Len-oks T'sn, v Scot., 3. 
Lenoir, Le-nor, co and co t N. C. 
Lenox, Len-oks, co t Mass., %. 
Lenoxville, Len-oks-vil, v C. E. 
Lens, Lori, t Fr., 9%. 
Lentini, Len-te-ni, t Sicily, 5. 
Leoruinster, Lem-in-ster, t and par 

Eng.. 4>4; v Mass. 
Leon, Le-on, c Sp., 7; t Nicaragua, 30; 

vs Va., 0.; r Tex. 
Leon, La-on, t Guanajuato, 6. 
Leon, or Managua, Mq-nq-gwq, I Nic. 
Leona, Ls-ci-na, co t Tex. 

I/eonardstown ; L6n-ardz-t'sn, en t Md. 

Leonardsville, Ldn-ardz-vil, v N-Y. 

Leonforte, La-on-fer-ta, t Sic., 10%. 

Leoni, Le-6-nj, v Mich., %. 

Leonidas, Le-on-i-das, -B Mich., J^. 

Leopold, Lg-o-pold, v la. [Hun., 1%. 

Leopoldstadt, La-6-pold-stqt, ft t Cen. 

Lepanto, Le-pan-to, s-pt t Greece, 2. 

Lerchenfeld, LerA-en-felt. v Aus., 7%. 

Lerici, Ler-i-c,g, t It., 5%. 

Lerida, Ler-i-dq, < Sp., 12^. 

Lerins (Le-ran) Isles, Med., bel. to Fr. 

Le Roy, Le Rff, <vs N-Y. 2, Mich., &c. 

Lesina, Les-i-nq, * of Dahnatia, 12J^. 

Le Sueur, Le Si6-er, co and v Min. 

Leutschau, Lfft-J^, fr t Hun., 5%. 

Levanna, Le-van-a, r N-Y., 0. 

Levant, Ls-vant, e. coasts Med. Sea: vs 
Me., N-Y. 

Levanto, La-v^n-to, t Sard., 4J^. 

Leven, Le-ven, rs Eng., Scot. 

Leven, Loch, LoA Lev-en, I Scot. 

Levenworth, Lev-en-wurb, co t la., %. 

Levering, Lev-er-irj, v 0. 

Lewes, Li^-is, bor and t Eng., 9J^. 

Lewis, Li\-is, i of the Outer Hebrides; 
cos N-Y., Va., &c. 

Lewisburg, Li\,-is-burg, t Pa.; co <* Va., 
Tenn.: vs Ky., 0., la. 

Lewis or Snake River, largest tributa- 
ry of Columbia River. [2. 

Lewislon, Lv^-is-ton, t Me. ,7; cot N-Y., 

Lewistown, Li\,-is-tsn, co ts Pa. 3, 111.; 
v 0. [Ark. 

Lewisville, Lij,-is-vil, r Pa.,0., la.; cot 

Lexington, Leks-in-ton, c Ky., 12; co ts 
Va., N. C., Ga., Miss., Tenn., Mo., 
S. C.; -v Mass. 

Leyden or Leiden, Lj-den, c Neth., 36. 

Leyland, Le land, t and par Eng., 13%. 

Leyte, La-i-ta, Philippine i, 92^. 

Leytha, Lj-tq, r Aus., 90 m. 

Leyton, La-ton, v and par Eng., 3%. 

Libau, Le-bi?, s-pt t Rus., 10%. 

Liberia, Lj-be-ri-a, rep of Af.; it was 
founded in 1820, by the American 
Colonization Society, for the occu- 
pation of the free American blacks ; 
the enterprise cannot be said to have 
proved, as yet, very successful ; 250. 

Liberty, Lib-er-ti, co ts Va., Miss., 
Tex., Ky., la., Mo.; vs N-Y., Pa. 

Liberty Falls, N-Y. 

Libertyville, vs 111., Iowa. 

Libourne, Le-bdEwn, t Fr., 12%. 

Libyan Desert, Lib-i-an Dez-ert, part 
of Sahara. 

Lichfield, Liq-fsld, c Eng., 7. [5%. 

Lichtervelde, LiA-ter-vel-de, I Belg., 

Licking, Lik-in, River, rs Ky. 200 m.; 0. 



Licordia, Li-k(5r-di-a, t Sicily, 7. 

Liddel, Lid-el, r Scot. [Con., 7%. 

Liechtenstein, LeA-ten-stjn, prin Ger. 

Liege, LEJ, c Belg., 60. 

Liegnitz, Leg-nits, t Prus. Silesia, 14. 

Lierre, Lt-i\r, t Belg., 13}^. 

Lifu, Le-f<6, i Pac. Oc. 

Lignieres, Len-ye-qy, t FT., 2%. 

Ligny, Len-ye, Belg. 

Ligonier, Lig-o-ner, bor and t Pa. 

Lika, Le-kq, r Aus. Croatia. [Fr., 76. 

Lille or Lisle, Lei, a manufacturing c 

Lillebonne, Lel-bon, t Fr., 5%. [100. 

Lima, Le-mq, prov Peru, 125; cap do., 

Lima, Lj-ma, w N-Y., Mich., la., Wis.; 

eo t O. [prus. 

Liinasol, Le-mq-sol, t-pt t is. -of Cy- 
Liinburg, Lim-burg, t Ger., 3J^. 
Limerick, Lioi-er-ik, CO and c Ir., 55%; 

vs Me., Pa., Ac. 

Limestone (Ljm-ston) Springs,* S. C. 
Litnington, Lim-in-ton, v Me. 
Limoges, Le-mo3, c Fr., 27. 
Liinoux, Le-m<6, t Fr., 7%. 
Linares, Le-nq-res, t Sp., 6^". 
Lincoln, Lin-kon, co Eng.; c do., 14; vs 

Me., N-H., Mass., 0. 
Lincoln Centre, v Me. 
Lincolnton, Lin-kon-ton.cofo N. C.,Ga. 
Linden, Lin-den, vs N-Y., Pa., Wis.; 

co is Ala., Tenn. 
Lindenville, vs 0., Wis. 
Lindville, Lind-vil, v Iowa. [20 m. 
Lingen, Lin-gen, i Malay Arch., 40 by 
Linkoping, Lin-qe-pin, t Swed., 4%. 
Linlithgow, Lin-lit-gca, co Scot.; t do., 
Linn, Lin, co t Mo. [*%. 

Lintz, Lints, cap Upper Aus., 31. 
Lipan, Le-poj), Ind tr of Tex., Mex. 
Lipari (Lip-a-ri) Islands, vol is Mod., 

22; t same, 12%. [Ger., 106). 

Lippe-Detmold, Lip-e-Det-molt, pt-iu 
Lippstadt, Lip-stqt, ft t Prus. Westp. 
Liria, Le-ri-q, t Sp , 8%. [%. 

Lisbon, Liz-bon, cap Port., 280: 111., 
Lisburn, Liz-burn, t Ir., 7; v Pa. 
Lisieux, Le-zi-^, t Fr., 11^. 
Liskeard, Lis-kqrd, t and par Eng., 3. 
Lisle, Lil, Mo. 
L'Islet, Ln-la, co and v C. E. 
Lismore, Liz-m&r, i w. Scot., 1V^ : c 

and par Ir., 3. \8%. 

Lissn, Lis-q, t Adriatic, 3; t Prus. Pol., 
Litchfield, Liq-feld, co ts Conn., Ky.; 

vs 0., Mich. 

Lithonia, Lit-<5-ni-a, v Ga., %. 
Lithopolis, Lit-op-o-li?, v O. 
Lithuania, Lit-yi],-a-ni-a, anc. ter Eu., 
Litiz, Lit-its, v Pa. [bel. to Kua. 

Little Chute, o>t, v Wia. 

Little Egg Harbor River, N-J. 

Little Falls, r N-Y., 4 ; N-J. 

Littlebampton, Lit-1-bamp-ton, < and 
watering place Eng., 2^. [15C in. 

Little Kanawha, Ka-no-wa, r Va., 

Little Miami (Mi-am-i) River, cen. O. 

Little Missouri, Mi-zA-ri, rs Ark.. Mo. 
Ter. [foundland. 

Little Placentia, Pla-s^n-Ji-a,-^ New- 
Little Rod River, Ark., 150 ra. 

Little River, La., nav. 150 m.; various 
other streams. [S. arsenal; 3. 

Little Rock, cap Ark., and seat of U. 

Littleton, Lit-1-ton, N-H. 

Livadia, Liv-q-de-a, (or Libadia,) dir> 
Gr., 332% ;" cap same, 9. 

Liverpool, Liv-er-pool, c Eng., and sec- 
ond in commercial importance, 376 ; 
s-pt ts Nova Scotia, N-Brunswick; 
vs Pa., 0., la., 111. 

Livingston, Liv-inz-ton, co ts Ala., Tex., 
Tenn.; vs Mich., 111. 

Livonia, Li-v6-ni-a, maritime gov Rus.; 
area 20,450 s. m., pop. 821,457: v la. 

Ljusne or Liusne, Lydta-na, r Swed., 

Llanbedr, Zan-bed-er, "bar S. Wales. 

Llanberris, Zan-ber-is, par N. Wales, 
containing scenery among the most 
magnificent to be found in N. Eu. 

Llandeilo-Vawr or Fawr, or Llandilo, 
Zan-dj-lo-V*r, t S. Wales, 1%. 
Here is Grongar Hill, where, in 1282, 
the last effort was made for the in- 
dependence of Wales. [2. 

Llandovery, Zan-d6-ver-i, t S. Wales, 

Llanelly, La.a-e-ls, s-pt t S. Wales, 

Llangollen, Zan-go-Zen, t N. Wales, 5. 

Llanidloes. Zan-id-les, bor and t N. 
Wales, 3. 

Llanrwst, Zan-rast, t N. Wales, 3%. 

Llantrissent, Z,an-tris-ent,i S. Wales, I. 

Llewellyn, L\\-e\-\n, v Pa. 

Lloughor, idf-gor, r and t S. Wales, 1. 

Llumayor, Lyo>-mi-er, t is. of Majorca, 

Loa, Lu-q, s-pt t and r Peru. [7. 

Locarno, Lo-kq>-nG>, t Swit., 2%. 

Lochaber, LoA-<l-ber, moun. dis Scot. 

Lochapoka, IxJ-ka-p6-ka, r Ala. 

Loches, Lo/, t Fr., b%. 

Lochgilp-Head, LoA-gilp-HeJ, v Scot. 3. 

Lochinvar, Lo/t-in-var, I Scot. 

Lochmaben, LoA-ma-ben, lor and par 
Scot,. 1. 

Lochwinnoch, LoA.-win-oA, par Scot. 

Lockhart, Lok-hqrt, co t Tex. 

Lock Haven, Lok Ha-ven, v Pa., 1. 

Lock-Hoi, Lok-H, s-pt t China, 90. 

Luckland, L6k-land, v 0. 



Loekport, Lok-parfc, va N-Y. 12>, 111. 
2, Pa., 0., La., &e. 

Loele, Le, Le Lok-1', Swit., 8j^. 

L.d -vu, La-'dav, * Fr., 10^. 

Lodi, La-ds, c Lorn., 15% ; La-di, 
N Y., 0., la.. Wis. 

Loffoden, Lo-fti-den, is n. w. Nor., 4. 

Lof<>, La-fe, Gulf of Bothnia. 

Logan, La-gan, v 0., 1)^. 

Loginspart, Lj-ganz-port, c la., 3)^. 

Lojpuoqy, La-g^-za-he, 2 \V. Af., 9. 

Loggun, Lo-giiu, cy Af. [7. 

Logrono, La-gran-ya, p>'<? and 2 Sp., 

Loir, Lwq/ 1 , f Fr., 150 in. 

Loire, Lwqr, largjst r in Fr., 615 in. 

Loja or Loxa, La-A}, c Sp., 15; t EC., 10. 

Lokeren, Lifi-ker-en, t Belg., 16^. 

Lombardo- Venetian, Loin-bqr-da-Ven- 
-J,in, k Austrian dominions; area 
17,511 s. in., pop. 5,000.00 I. 

Lonibardy, I/>m-lxir-di, former div It. 

Lombletu, Lom-bleui, i .Malay Arch. 

Lombok, Lim-bok, f Malay Arch.; area 
1,430 s. IB., pop. 250,000. 

Lomond, Loch, L <h La-mond, I, largest 
in Scot., 40 s. in. 

Lonato, La-nq-ta, t Lorn., 5%. 

London, Liin-don, cap Gr. Brit., and 
largest city in the world; circumfer- 
ence estimated at 30 in.: p)j>. 2,362,- 
2:16 ; c C. W., 7 : co ts Ky., 0. 

Londonderry, Lun-don-der-i, c Ir., 20; 
i's X-H., 0., &i.; g-pt t Nova Scotia. 

Long Branch, wateriug-place, N-J. 

Longford, L6n-ford, t Ir., 4J4. 

Long Island, portion of N-Y., separated 
from the state by a strait; is Hjbrides. 

Long Island Sound, separates Long Is- 
land from N-Y. and Conn. 

Longueil, Lag-gely, B C. E., 4V. 

Lougwy, Ls>u-\s,'/tt Fr.,3J^. [Fr.,8)^. 

Lons-le-Saulnier, Losfi-le-Sia-ni-a, t 

Loo Choo, LT> GJO, i* Fac'. Oe. [20. 

Loodianah, Lo-di-t'i-nq,/^ N. W.Hin., 

Lorain, Lo-ran, co and v O. 

Lorca, Lir-kq, c Sp., 48^. 

Loreto,' Lia-ra-to, or Loretto, La-re't-G), 
c Gen. It., 8. 

Loretto, Lw-ret-o, v Pa. [Fr., 25%. 

L >rient or L'Orient, Lo-ri-on, s-pt t 

L'Orignal, La-ren-yql, C. W., %. 

Los Angeles, Las An'je-lez, co Cal. 

Ljssini, L >s-8-ne, i of Illyria, 6%. 

Lothians, Lj-ti-anz, diug Seot. 

Loudon, L's-don, co Va.; vs X-H., Pa. 

Loudonville, L'S-don-vil, v 0. 

Loudoun, Ljo-doon, v Scot., 4)^. 

Lougen, Li>-gan, r Nor., 200 m. 

Loughborough, Luf-bur-o, t Eng., 11. 

Loughrea, LoA-ra, t Ir., 5j^. 

Louisa, Lt>-8-zq, co ? Ky., Va. [C. 
Louisburg, L6-is-burg, t Fr.; vs Pa., N. 
Louisiade ( L.o-e-zi-qd) Archipelago, if 

S. Pac. Oc. 
Louisiana, Lo-E-zi-d-na, one of the s. 

U. S., on the Gulf of Mexico; area 

41,225 s. m.: pop. 255,451 whites, 

17,462 free blacks, 244,809 slaves- 
total, 517,762. 
Louis-Philippe (L-g-Fil-Ep) Land, a 

tract in the Ant. Oc., off S. Shetland. 
Louisville, Ldb-is-vil or Ldb-i-vil, c Ky., 

51%; c'i ts Ga., Miss.; vg 0., la., &c. 
Louie, LA-la, ft t Port., 8^. 
Lourdea, La)/-d, t Fr., 4%. 
Louth, Lut, ^ Eng., 10>. 
Loutre (Ljf>t-er) Kiver, Mo. 
Louvain, Ljj-van, c Belg., 21%. 
Louviers, L-vi-a, t Fr., 10. 
Lovat, Lo-vqt, r Rus., 175 in. 
Loveland, Liiv-land, v O. 
Lovettsville, Liiv-ets-vil, V Va. 
Lovingston, Liiv-ig-ston, co t Va. 
Low Archipelago, (flr-ki-pel-a-go,) it 

Pac. Oo. 
Lowell, La-el, manufacturing c Mass., 

37; vs Ga., 0., Mich., Iowa, Wis. 
Lower Blue Lick, watering-place, Ky. 
Lower Saginaw. Lo-er Sag-i-ne, v 

Mich., 1V^. 

Lowestoft, L-s-es-toft, s-pt t Eng., 1%. 
Lowndes, L-sndz, c<>s Ga., Ala., Miss. 
Lowville, La-vil, TO N-Y. 1, Pa. 
Loyalty (Ltf-al-ti) Islands, Pac. Oc., 3. 
Loyola, Lo-ya-lq, v Sp. 
Liibeck, Le-bek, prin, Ger., 22 %; cap 

same, 27; Li^-bek, v Me. 
Lublin, Ldo-blin, c Pol., 16. 
Luoas, Li\-kas, co and v Iowa. 
Lucca, Liik-a, tr and c Cen. It., 22%. 
Lucena, Li^-se-na or La>-ta-nq, c Sp., 


Lucera, Loo-qa-rq, t Nap., 11. 
Lucerne, Lt^-sern, c, canton and I Swit.; 

pop. of c 10. 

Lucknow, Liik-n's, c Hin., 200. 
Ludlow, Liid-lo, t Eng., 5^; v Vt. 
Ludlowville, Liid-la-vil, v N-Y. [f^. 
Ludwigsburg, Lcbd-wigz-burg, c Wiirt., 
Lugano, Laa-g^-na, I and t Swit., 5J4. 
Lugo, LA-ga, c Sp., iy\ t It., 7^. 
Lumberton, Liim-ber-ton. v N-J.; co t 
Luinpkin, Lump-kin, co t Ga. [N. C. 
Lund, Loond, c Swed., 5^. 
Liinebarg, Le-ne-burg, t Ger., 11%. 
Lunenburg, Li^-nen-burg, v Vt., !)/; 

s-pt Nova Scotia. 
Luneville, Le-na-vel, t Fr., 12^. 
Luray, Li^-ra, co t Va.; vs 0., la. 
Lurgan, Lur-gan, t Ir., 4%. 


Luton, L^-ton, t Eng., 10%. [Hoi., 11. 
Luxemburg, Liiks-ein-burg, ter and t 
Luzerue, Lii-ztirn, en Pa. [900. 

Luzon, Lo>-zwn, i Malay Arch., 2,176,- 
Lycoining, Lj-kom-ifl, co Pa. 
Lykens, Lj-keni, t> Pa. 
Lyman, Lj-man, v N-H. 
Lyme, Ljm, # N H., Conn. 
LyuiB-Re^is, Ljm-Re-jis, s-pt t and par 
En. 3>. 


Lymington, Lim-ijj-ton, s-pt t and par 

- - 
Lyrichburg, Linq-burg, t Va., 10; r* S. 

C., Tex., Ky., O. IV. 

Lyndon Corner, Lin-don Kor-ner, Vt., 
Lyndhurst, Lind-hurst. Eng., 1)^. 
Lynn, Liu, c Mass., H%. 
Lynn-Regis, Lin-Re-jis, < Eng., 19J4. 
Lyons, Lj-onz, second c Fr., 15(5%; 

N-Y., Mien. 


Maad, Mqd, t N. Hun., 5%. 
Maassluis, Mo^g-lers, t Neth., 4. 
Macao, Mq.-k'S, s-pt t China, 30. 
Macapa, Mq-kq-pq, t Brazil, 6. 
MacArthar, Mak-flr'tur, v 0. 
Macassar. Mq-kqs-ar, gov and t Is. Cel- 
ebes, 20; Strait, separating Is. 

Borneo and Celebes. 
Mac,ayo, Mq-sj-o, t Brazil, 5. 
Macclesfield, Mak-Iz-feld, t Eng., 39. 
MacConnellsburg, Ma-K6n-elz-burg, en 
MacConnellsville, v O. [t Pa. 

MacDonough, Mak-D6n-o, co 111.; co t 

Ga.: v N-Y. 

Maeedon, Mas-e-don, v 0. 
Macedonia, Mas-e-d(i-ni-a, anc cy Eu., 

now in Tur.; vs Tenn., Iowa. 
Macerata, Mq-qa-rq-tq, t Papal Sts., 16. 
MacEwensville, Mak-Yi\-enz-vil, v Pa. 
MacGillivray's, Kootanie, Mak-Gil-iv- 

raz, Kdo-tq-ni, or Flat Bow River, 

W. Brit. Am., 400 m. 
MacGrawville, Mak-Grd-vil, v N-Y. 
Machias, Ma-qj-as, co t Me.; v N-Y. 
Machias Port, v Me. 
Machynlleth, Mq-hdnt-let, t and par 

N. Wales, 1%. 
MacKenzie, Ma-Ken-ze, r Brit. N. 

Am., 2500 m. 

Mackinac, Mak-in-e, vs Mich., 1J^; 111. 
MiicKinney, Ma-Kin-i, co t Tox. 
M;icksville, Maks-vil, rs la., Ky. 
M icLaughlinsville, Mak-L6A-linz-vil, 
MacLean, Mak-Lin, v N-Y. [v Pa. 
MacLeansborough, Mak-Lanz-bur-ca, 

cot\\\. [Tenn. 

MiicLetnoresville, Mak-L^m-orz-vil, v 
M.icomb, Ma-kdEiin, co Mich.; t) 111., 1%. 
Macon, Ma-kun, t Fr., 12%. 
Macnn, Ma-kon, c Ga., 7 ; co t Miss.; 

h:ti/ou La., r Mich. 
Macoupin, Ma-k<6-pin, co and cr III. 
MacQaarie, Ma-Kwor-e, rs E. Aust., 

2H m.; Van Dietnou'd ; $-pl t N-S. 

Wales., <fcc. 

Macroom, Ma-kr6m, < Ir., 5. 
Mactan, Mqk-tqn, i Philippines. 
MacVeytown, Mak-Va-tisn, v Pa., 1. 
Madagascar, Mad-a-gas-kar, i Ind Oc., 

area 240,000 s. m., pop. 4.700,000. 
Madawaska, Mad-a-was-ka. p <> Me. 
.Maddalena, La, Lq Mq-dq-lu-nq, t of 

Sardinia, 12. 

Maddaloni, Mq-dq-16-ne, c Nap., \\%. 
Madeira, Mq-de-ra, i of Port., in At. 

Oc., area 300 s. m., pop. 110,000. 
Madeira, or Madera, Mq-da-rq, (or 

Cayari, Kj-q-r^,) r S. Am., 1500 in. 
Madeley, Mad-li, t and par Eng., 8}/. 
Madison, Mad-i-son, c la.. 13; cap Wis., 

7 ; co t Ga ; r Conn., N-Y., N-J. 
Madison, Court House, co ts Va., Fa. 
Madison Springs, v Ga. i.Ky. 

Madi-onville, Mad-i-son-vil, co<#Tenn., 
Madjicosima C Mq-ji-ko-se-mqJ Islands, 

arch Pac. Oc., 11}^. 
Madras, Ma-dras, c a.adterdtv'Rr. Ind.; 

pop. of c 720,000, of ter 19,901.808. 
Madre-de-Dios, (Mq-dra-dn-De-os,) 

Archipelago, off s. w. coast Pat. 
Madrid, Mad-rid, ( Sp. Mq-dred, ) cap o 

Sp., 260. 

Mad River, streams N-H., Vt., Conn., 0. 
Madura, Mq-doa-ra, i Malay Arch., 263 ; 

ft c Hind., 20. 
Maelar, Ma-lar, I E. Swed., containing 

1300 islands. 
Maelstrom, or Malstrora, Mal-streni, a 

whirlpool near Norway. 
Maastricht, Mo.s-trikt, t Hoi., 25^[. 
Mafra. Mq-frq, t Port,, 3^. 
Magdalen, Mag-da-len, sound s. Pat. 
Magdahina, lug-da-U-na, r S. Am.; 

dep N-Gran.; r Bol., called also Uba- 

hy, CD-bq-he, t Mex. 
Magdalen Islands, Gulf St. Lawrence. 
Magdeburg, Mag-de-burg, gov and a 

Prus., 56K- 
Magellan, Mq-jel-nn, strait bet. Terra 

del Fuego and Patagonia. 



Mageroe, Mag-er-o, i Arctic Oc. 
Magnolia, Mag-nQ-ll-a,BN-Y., 111., Wis. 
Mahanuddy, Mq-ha-niid-i,r Ind., 500 in. 
Mihaska, Ma-has-ka, co Iowa. 
Mahavillygunga, Mq-hq-vil-i-giin-gq, 

r Ceylon. 

Mahoning, Ma-han-ig, r and co 0. 
Mihratta (Mq-rq-ta) States, Hind. 
Maidenhead, Mad-en-hed, bor and t 

Maidstone, Mad-ston, par and t Eng., 
Main, Man, r Ir.; Min, r Sib., 180 m. 
Main, M;iyne, or Maine, Man, (Ger. 

Mjn,) nav. r Ger., 280 m. 
Maine, Man, n. e. N-Eng. St., U. S., 

area 31,766 s. m., pop. 590,000. 
Majorca, Ma-jor-ku, i Sp. in Med., 

pop. 179,753. 

Makallah, Mq-kq-lq, s-pt t Ar., 4>. 
Mako, Mu-k6. or Makovia, Mq-ka-vi-q, 

t Hun., 21." 

Makoqueta, Ma-ka-ke-ta, r and v lo. 
Makree r Makri, Mq-kre, s-j>t t Tur., 3. 
Malabar, Mal-a-bqr, din Br. Ind.; area 

6060 s. m., pop. 1,514,909. 
Malacca, Mq-lak-a, die Malay Pen.; cap 

of the same, pop. 12*4; Strait, 

bet. Malay Pen. and Is. Sumatra. 
Malaga, Mal-a-ga, s-pt c and prov Sp., 

pop. of c 68,577 ; of prov 438,000. 
Malay Archipelago, Ma-la flr-ki-pel- 

a-ga, largest group is on the globe, 

8. e. of Asia. 
Malay Peninsula, s. part of As.; area 

45,000 s. m., pop. 375,000. 
Maiden, Mai-den, r* .Mass., 2; N-Y. 
Maldive (Mal-div) Islands, Ind. Oc.; 
pop. 175,000. " 
Mal.lon, Mai-don, t Eng., 5%. 
Maldonudo, Mql-do-uq-do, s-pt t Ur. 
Mallieollo, Mq-li-kol-o, is Pac. Oo. 
Mallow, Mal-Q, t and watering-place 

Ir., 9%. 
Malinaison, Mql-ma-san, chateau in 

Fr., residence of Empress Josephine. 
Malmesburg, Mqmz-ber-i, t and par 

Eng., 7. 

Malino, Mal-me, s-pt t Swed., 10^. 
Malone, Ma-Ion, * N-Y., 4^. 
Malpas, Mai-pas, t and par Eng., 5%. 
Malta, Mol-ta, is Br. in Med.; area 

98 s. m., pop. 100,000 ; * 0., %. 
Malton, Mel-ton, t Eng., 7%. 
Malvern, Md-vern, watermg-plaes 

Eng., 3% ; Mel-vern, i) 0. 
Mamanguape, Mq-mqn-gwq-pa, r and 

t Brazil. 

Marnaroneck, Mq-mar-o-nek, v N-Y. 
Matners, Mq-inq/ 1 , t Fr., 6. 
Mauiinoth Cave, Edrnonson co., Ky. 

Mamore, Mq-mo-ra, r Bol , 500' m. 
Man, Isle of, i Irish Sea, b'2%. 
Mana, Mq-nq, r Fr. Gui., 157 m. 

Manacor, Mq-nq-kor, t i& :M yorca, 10^. 

Manahocking, Man-a-hok-ii), v N-J. 

Manasarowar, Mq-nq-sq-ru-wqr, I 

Manasquan (Man-as-kwon) River, N-J. 

Manatawny, Man-a-te-ni,^ o and cr Pa. 

Manawatu, Mq-nq-wq-t*6, r N-Zeal. 

Manayunk. Man-a-yiitjk, t Pa., 7. 

Manchester, Man-qes-ter, manufactur- 
ing c Eng., 401^; c N-H., 22; vs Vt., 
Mass., Conn.. N-iT., Pa.; co ts Tenn., 
Ky. [50. 

Mandavee, Man-da-ve, s-pt t Hind., 

Mandingos, Man-diQ-gos, tr \V. Af., re- 
markable for advance in civilization. 

Maneesa, Mq-ne-sq, t As. Minor, 25. 

Manfredonia, Man-fre-dii-ni-a, s-pt t 
Naples, 5. 

Mangaia, Mqn-gj-q, * S. Pac. Oc., 2. 

Mangalore, Majj-ga-lor, s-pt t Br. Ind., 

Mangola, Mqn-go-lq,, is Malay Arch. 

Mangueira, Mqn-ga-i-rq, I Brazil. 

Manhattan, Man-hat-an, vs 0., la. 

Manhattan Island, s. e. part N-Y. 

Manheigau (Man-hs-gau) Island, off 
the coast Me. 

Manheim, Man-him, t> Pa. 

Manicuuagan, Man-i-kwq-gan, r, I and 
JC. E. 

Manidowish, Man-i-d<a-if, r Wis. 

Manilla, Mq-ne-la, cap c Is. Luzon, 15. 

Manilla, Man-il-a, v la. 

Manitch, Mq-neq, r Rus., 300 m. 

Manitoba (Man-i-to-bo.) L-ike, Br. N. 
Am. [Wis., 2%. 

Manitoowoc, Man-i-t<D-w6k, r and co t 

Manitou (Man-i-tco) River, Wis. 

Manitoulin, Man-i-t<6-lin, is Br. Am. 

Manlius, Man-li-us, <o N-Y., \% 

Mannheim, Mqn-hjm, t Baden, 23}^. 

Manoel-Alves-Septentrional, Mq-no-el- 
Hl'ves-Sep-ten-tri-Q-uql, r Brazil, 
400 m. 

Manona, Ma-no-na, co and Iowa. 

Manresa, Mqn-ra-sq, t Sp., 13 1/3. 

Mans, Le, Le-Moii, t Fr., 22%. 

Mansfield, Manz-feld, t and par Eng., 
10; co ts 0., 4; La.; vs M iss., Conn., 
N-Y., &e. 

Mantchooria, Man-qdo-ri-a, die China; 
area 700,000 s. m., pop. 2,500,000. 

Mantiqueira, Mqn-ti-ka-rq, ma Brazil. 

Mantua, Man-tq,-a, c Aus. It., 30%. 

Manua, Mq-no>-a, is S. Pac. Oc. 

Manzanares, Mqn-tq-nq-res, t Sp., 8^. 

Manzanilla, Mqn-sq-nel-yq, I Mex. 



Maracaybo, Mq-rq-kj-bo, t-pt c Yen., 

s : j ; / and g of same. 
Maragha, Mq-rq-gq, c Per., 15. 
Marajo, Mq-rq-ga, i At. Oc., 20. 
Maranhao, Mq-rqn-vin, c Brazil, 30; 

Island, Bruzil,'40. 
Marburg, Mqr-burg, t Hesse-Cassel, 8. 
Marcellus, Mqr-sel-us, N-V. 
Marchena, Mq/'-qa-nq, t Sp., 11%. 
Maree, Loch, Lo/i Mq-re, I Scot. 
Marengo, Ma-ren-go, es N-V., III., lo. 
Margarita, Mqr-ga-re-td, i Caribbean 

Sea, 15. 

Margate, Mqr-get, t-pt Eng., 9%. 
Manuna, Mq-n-^-nq, c Brazil, o^. 
Marianna, Ma-ri-an-a, co t Fa. 
Marias, Las Tres, Lqs Tres Mq-re-qs, 

is Pac. Oe. 
Maria's (Ma-rj-az) River, Nebraska 

Ter., 300 m. 

Marica, Mq-re-kq, t Brazil, 6. 
Marie Galante, Mq-re Gq-16nt, one of 

the W. Ind. Is., 12%. 
Marienwerder, Mq-re-en-ver-der, c W. 

Prus., 1%. 

Marienzell, Mq-re-en-tsel, t Styria. 
Marietta, Ma-ri-et-a, t 0., 5 ; co t Ga.; 

Pa., la. 

Marin, Mq-ren, co Cal. [Arch. 

Marinduque, Mq-ren-diJo-ka, Malay 
Marinilla, Mq-ri-nel-yq, t N-Gran., 5. 
Marion, Ma-ri-on, cuts Va., N. C., Ga., 

Ala., Miss., Tex., Ark., Ky., 0., la., 

111., lo., S. C., &c. 

Mariposa, Mar-i-pto-sa, r, co and v Cal. 
Marlhorough, Mqrl-bur-o, or Mel-bro, 

t Eng., b%; Mqrl-bur-Q, vt N-H.. 

Vt., Mass., N-Y., 0. 
Marlow, Great, t and par Eng., 6J. 
Marlton, Mq>l-ton, v N-J. 
Marmande, Mqj'-moixd, t Fr., 8*^. 
Marmora, Mqr-ma-ra, sea bet. Eu. and 
Marne, Mqrn, r Fr., 210 m. [Asia. 
Maros, Mor-6J, r Tran., 400 m. 
Maros-Vasarhely, Mo-r6J-Va-Jqr-hely, 

t Tran., 10. 

Marowyne, Mq-ro-wjn, r S. Am., 400 m. 
Marquesas, Mqr-ka-sqs, it Pac. Oc., 20. 
Marquette, Mqr-ket, co and c<i t Wia. 
Marsala, Mqr-s^-lq, B-pt c Sicily, 21 4J 
Marseilles, Mqr-salz, (Fr. Marseille, 

Alqr-saly,) c Fr., 195; ts 0., la., III. 
Marshall, Mqr-Jal, co t N. C., Tex., 

Mich., 2>; Mo. 
Martha's Vineyard, M6,r-6az Yin-yard, 

i a. e. of Muss. 

Martigues, Mq/--teg, t Fr., 8^. [121. 
Martinique, Mqr-tin-ek, W. Ind. Is., 
Martiusburg, M^r-tinz-burg, co it N- 

V., %; V 9 a., 2)^. 

Martinsville, Mqr-tinz-vil, vt N-Y., % 

Pu., Va.; co t la., 1. 
Martirios, Mqr-te-ri-os, v Brazil, 7. 
Martos, Mq/--tos, t Sp., 11. 
Maryland, Mii-ri-land, one of the orig- 
inal U. S.; area, 9,356 s. m., pop. 

417,943 whites, 74,723 free blacks, 

90,368 slaves, total,; I. 
Maryport, Ma-ri-port, s-pt t Eng., 5%. 
Marysville, c Cal., 10; co ts Va., Tenn., 

Mo.; v O., %. 

Masbate, Mqs-bq-ta, Phil. Is. 
Maskegon, Mas-ke-gon, r Mich. 300 m. 
Mason, Ma-son, co t Mich., %; v 0., %. 
Massachusetts, Mas-a-qq-sets, one of 

the original U. S.; area 7800 s. m., 

pop. 996,000. [9%. 

Massa Ducale, Mq-sq Do>-k6,-la, c It., 
Massapeag, Mas-a-peg, K. K. station 

Conn. [400 m. 

Massaroony, Mq-sq-r(6-ng, r Brit. Gui., 
Massena, Ma-se-na, v N-X. 
Massillon, Mas-i-lon, t 0., 4 ; v lo. 
Massowah, Mq-so-wq, t-pt t Abys., 4. 
Matagorda, Mat-a-ger-da, b and co t 

Tex., 1%. 

Matainora, Mat-a-m6-ra, v Tenn. 
Matamoras, Mat-a-mii-ras, t Mex., 20; 

vs Pa., la. 

Matunzas, Mq-tan-zas, t-pt t Cuba, 26. 
Matareeyeh, Mq-tq-re-ye. f Lower Eg. 
Mataro, Mq-tq-ni, c Sp., 13. 
Matawamkeag, Mat-a-woui-keg, r and 

p o Me. 

Mutelicu. Mq-tel-i-kq, t Cen. It., 7^. 
Matera, Mq-ta-rq, I Nap., 11}^. 
Mathura, Miit-ra, t Brit. Ind., 60. 
Matinu, Mq-te-nq, r and Costa-Rica. 
Matlock, Mat-lok, watering-place Eng., 

3%. [50. 

Matsmai, Mqts-mj, c Japan; i lesso, 
Mattapuisett, Alat-a-ptf-set, Mads. 
Mattawan, Mat-a-won, Mich. 
Mattewan, Mat-e-won, N-Y. 
Matto-Grosso, Mq-to-Gros-o, prov and 

c Brazil, 180. 

Maubeuge, Mcj-bej, /< < Fr. 7%. 
Mauch Chunk, Mok ^unk, Pa., 3><. 
Maui, Mi-e, Sandwich Island, 17^. 
Maule, Mi-la, r Chili, 180 m. 
Maulmain, M tl-mni, s-pt t Fur. Ind., 10. 
Maumee, Mo-^ne, r la.; t O. 
Maurepas, M^-re-pq,, I e. part La. 
Maurice (Me-ris) River, N-J. 
Mauritius, Me-riJ-i-us, (or Isle of Fr. 

Ind. Oc., 162. 

Mnuvaise ( Ma -viiz) River, Wia. 
Maxcy. Maks-i, V Ga. 
Maxville, Maks-vil, vs Ky., la. 
Mayari, Mj-q-re, -pt t Cuba, 3. 



Mayenne, Mq-yen, I Fr., 10. 

Maynooth, Ma-nuot, t Ir., 2%. 

JLiyo, Ma-o, r Va., N. C.; Mj-o, Cape 
Verd Is.; r Sonora. 

Maypu, Mi-pa>, r Chili, 130 m.; mpeak 
Andes, 15,000 ft. 

May's Landing, co t N-J. 

Maysville, Maz-vil, c Ky., 7; co ts N- 
Y., Va., III.; v la. 

Mayville, Ma-vil, v Wis., %. 

Mazatnet, Mq-zq-ma, t Fr., 9%. [12. 

Mazatlan, Mqz-at Iqn, t Cinaloa, Mex., 

Mazzara, Mqt-sq-rq, t Sic., 8^. 

Miizzarino, Mqt-sq-re-na, Sicily. \\%- 

Meade, Msd, co Ky. [; Va. 

Meadville, Med-vil, co ts Pa., 2%; Miss.; 

Meaux, Mo, Fr., 10. 

Mecca, Mek-n, c Arabia, visited annu- 
ally by 100,000 Mohammedan pil- 
grims; pop. 28,000. 

Mechanicsburg, Mg-kan-iks-burg, vs 
O., 1]4; Pa., la., &c. 

Mechlin, Mek-lin, c Belg., 27^. 

Zwa-ren, at of the German Confed- 
eration; pop., 541,449. 

Mecklenburg-Strulitz, Mek-len-burA- 
Stra-lits, st German Confederation; 
pop., 100,000 ; cos Va., N. C. 

Medellin, Ma-del-ysn, c N-Gran., 14. 

Medford, Me'd-ford, v Mass. 

Media, Me-di-a, cy Per.; co t Pa., %. 

Medina, Ma-de-nq, c Arabia. 18. 

Medina. Me-dj-nu, rs Eng., Tex.; v N- 
Y.; cot 0. 

c Sp., 103^. 

Mediterranean Med-i-ter-a-ne-an Sea, 
Eu., connecting with the Atlantic 
and the Strait of Gibraltar. 

Medvieditza, Med-vi-a-dit-sq, r Kus. 

Meerpoor, Mer-pd&r, t Sinde, 10. 

Meerut, lie-nit, dis and t Br. Ind. 

Meherrin, Me-her-in, r Va., 150 m. 

Meigs, Megz, cos Tenn., 0. 

Meigsville, Megz-vil, v Cal. 

Meiningen. Mi-nii)-en, ft t Ger., 6}^. 

Meissen, Mi-sen, t Sax., 9. 

Meklong, Ma-klon, t Siam, 13. 

Me-Kong, Ma-K6n, rs As. 

Melbourne, Mel-burn, c Aust., 50; i 
Pac. Oc. 

Melegnano, Ma-len-y^-no, t Aus. It., 7. 

Melfi, Mel-fe, t Naples, 8J^. 

Melford, Mel -ford, v and par Eng.. 2}-^. 

Melksham, Melks-hain, t and par Eng., 

Melrose, ifel-roz, lurgli a,nd par Scot., 
7>; e Ma-s., Tex., 111. 

Makham, Mel-tarn, vs Eng. 3>^. 

Melton-Mowbray, M6-brs, < Eng., 4J^. 

Melun, Me-liin, < Fr., 1%. 

Melville (Mel-vil) Island; off N. Aust., 

also in the Artie and S. Pac. Oca. 
Memel, Mem-el, or Ma-uiel, t Pru., 10. 
Metningen, Mem-in-en, t Bav., 6%. 
Memphis, Mem-fis, c Tenn., 12; co t 

Mo.; anc. c Lower Eg. 
Memphremagog, ( MemTfr-ma-gog ) 

Lake, Vt. 

Menai (Men-j) Strait, N. Wales. 
Menarn, Ma-nqm, r 8. As., 800 in. 
Menard, Men-qrd, co III. 
Menasha, Men-aJ-a, v Wis., IJ^. 
Mende, Mond, t Fr., 6. 
Mendhain, Mend-ham, v N-J., %. 
Mendocino, Men-do-sg-no, Co Cal. 
Mendon, Men-don, vs Alass., N-Y., 

Mich., 111., Iowa. 

Mendota. Men-do-ta, 111.; co t Min. 
Mendoza. Men-do-za, r and c La Plata, 
Menin. Me-nan, ft t Belg., 8. [12. 

Menomonee, Ms-noni-Q-ue, r Wis.j 

Falls, v Wis. 

Mentz, Mentz, c Hesse-Darmstadt, 32. 
Mequanigo, Me-kwan-i-go, v Wis., %. 
Moquinez, Mek-i-nez, c Morocco, 60. 
Mequon, Me- kwon, v Wis. 
Mercede, Mer-sad, r Cal.; City, t Cal. 
Mercer, Mer-ser, co t Pa., 1. 
Mercersburg, Mer-serz-burg, t Pa., 1J^. 
Meredith (Mer-e-dit) Bridge, cot N-II. 
Meredosia, Mer-e-do-Ji-a, v 111. [8. 
Mergui fir Merghi, Mer-ge, t Br. Ind., 
Merida, Mer-i-dq, c Sp., 6. 
Merida, Mer-i-dq, cap c Yucatan, 23; 

t Ven., 4. 

Meriden, Mer-i-den, v Conn. 
Merseburg. Mer-se-biarA, t Prus. Sax., 
Mersey, Mer-zr, r Eng., 60 m. [llVis* 
Merthyr-Tydvil, Mer-der-Tid-vil, t aud 

par S. Wales, 63. 
Meshed, MeJ-ed, c Per., 45. 
Mesilla (Ma-sel-yq) Valley, tract land 

s. part N-Mex. [cy As. 

Mesopotamia, iles-o-po-ta-mi-a, anc. 
Messina, Me-sg-nq, c Sicily, 97. 

Strait, separating Sicily from Italy. 
Mestre, Mes-tra, t Aus. It., 6. 
Meta, Ma-tq, r S. Am., 500 m. 
Metamora, Met-a-mo-ra, co t 111. 
Metapa, Ma-tq-pq, t Guat., 8. 
Metetecunk. Ms-te-te-kunk, r N-J. 
Methuen, Met-yq,-en, v Mass. 
Metomen, Ms-to-men, v Wis. [111., %. 
Metropolis (Ms-trop-o-lis) City, co t 
Metz, Mets, ft c Fr., 43J^. 
Meuse, Mqz, r rising in Fr., courses 

through Belg., Hoi 434 in. 



Mexico, Mriks-i-ko, Sp. rep s. N. Atn., 
having the following stares and ter- 
ritories : Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, 
Chiapa, Cinaloa, Cohahuila, Duran- 

fo, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, 
lexico, Michoacan, New Leon, Oaja- 

ca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Po- 

tosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, 

Vera Cruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas, Tlax- 

cala, Colima, Tehuantepec, Lower 

California, Isla de Carmen; area 

8:U,UO s. to., pop. 7,852,394. 
Mexico, cap of the Republic, 200 ; 1) 

N-Y. %, Pa., 0., la.; co t Mo. 
Mezen, Mez-an, < and r Rus., 450 in. 
Mezieres, Ma-zi-!\r, fit Fr., 4. 
Miako or Meaco, Ms-q-ko, c Japan, 500. 
Miami, Mj-am-i, v Fa. 
Miami River, ( Little and Big,) 0. 
Miamisburg, Mj-am-iz-burg, v 0. 
Miamisville, v 0. 
Miamitown, Mj-am-i-t/sn, v 0. 
Miami University, Oxford, 0. 
Miarim, Me-q-ren, r Brazil, 350 m. 
Miava, Me-6-vo, t Hun., 10. 
Michigan, MiJ-i-gan, n. w. of U. S.: 

area 56,243 s. m., pop. 525,000; I 

within and w. of the state. 
Michigan City, v la., 3. 
Michigantown, Mij-i-gan-t-sn, v la. 
Michigan University, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Mic-hilimackinac, MiJ-il-i-mak-in-o, c<> 

Mich. [Superior. 

Michipicoton, MiJ-i-pi-k6-ton, l> Lake 
Michoacan, Mi-qo-q-kqn, ft Mux.; area 

22,993s. m., pop. 491,679. 
Micmac, Mik-uaak, tr 2nd Br. Am. 
Middelburg, Mid-el-burg, t Hoi., 16. 
Middleborough, Mid-1-bur-o, v Mass., 

b%. [0. 

Middlebourne, Mid-1-born, co t Va.: v 
Hiddleburg, Mid-1-burg, va N-Y., Pa., 

0., Va., &c. [O , &c. 

Middlebury, Mid-1-ber-i, r Vt., Conn., 
Middleport, Mid-1-pwrt, N-Y. 1, 0.; 

co t 111. [par Eng., 1%. 

Middlesborough,Mid-lz-bur-o, r-^and 
Middlesex, Mid-l-sek., r* Pa. 
Middleton, Mid-1-ton, t and par Eng., 

5^-r< Ir., 6. 
Middletown, Mid-l-t'sn, c Conn., 4}^; 

r 0. 1 J4, Pa., N-Y., Del. 
Middletown Point, v N-J. 
Middleway, Mid-l-wa, v Va., %. [4%. 
Middlewich, Mid-1-wiq, t and par Eng., 
Middle Yuba, Yi\-ba, r Cal. 
Midhurst, Mid-hurst, t and par Eng., 7. 
Midnapoor, Mid-nu-pdbr, dig and / Br. 

Midway, Mid-wa, vs Ga., Ky., Pa., S. C. 

Mifflinsburg, Mif -linz-burg, v Pa. 
Mifflintown, Mif-lin-tun, co t Pa. 
Milam, Mi-laui, cots Tex. 
Milan, Mif-an, prov and c Aus. It., 160 
Milan, Mj-lnn, r 0. 3, la., III., &c. 
Milazzo, Me-l^t-so, t-pt t Sic., 7. 
Milbourn, Mil-burn, v Ky. |Eng.,4^. 
Mildenhall, Mil-dcn-hol, t and paf 
Miletus, Mj-le-tus, ruined c As. Minor. 
Milford, Mil-ford, s-pt t S. Wales, 3; 

r Eng. 1, N-H.,Mass., Conn., N-Y., 

N-J., Del., Va., 0.. la., &c.; co t Pa. 
Milford Centre, r N-Y., O. 
Military Frontier, Mil-i-ta-ri Fnin-ter; 

cy Aus.; area 12,922 s. m., pop., 
Millau, Me-16, t Fr., 10. [1,747,733. 
Millbrook, Mil-bruk, v 0. 
Millburn, Mil-burn, v 111. 
Millbury, Mil-ber-i, v Mass. [v 111. 
Milledgeville, Mil-ej-vil, cap Ga., 3J; 
Millersburg, Mil-erz-burg, co t 0.; vt 

Pa., Ky., 0., la., 111. 
Millerstown. Mil-erz-t^n, r* Pa., 1. 
Millersville, Mil-erz-vil, r Pa., Md^ 

0., la. 

Millerville, Mil-er-vil, V N-Y. 
Milleville, Mil-vil, v N-Y. 
Mill Grove, rs 0., la. 
Mill Hall, v Pa. 
Millheim, Mil-hjm, v Pa. 
Millport, Mil-port, r N-Y., Pa. 
Millville, Mil-vil, va Mass., N-J. 1}, 

Mo., Iowa, &c. 

Millwood, Mil-wiad, v 0., >^. 
Milo, ME-!O, * Grecian Arch., 4. 
Milo, Mj-lo, v Me., %. 
Milton. Mil-ton, r N-H., Mass., Pa. 2, 

N. C. 14, Miss., la.; co t Fa. 
Miltonsburg, Mil-tonz-burg, V 0. 
Miltonville, Mil-ton-vil, 0. [do. 
Milwaukee, Mil-wd-ke, c \Vis., 35 ; r 
Minchinhampton, Min-c;in-hanip-ton, t 

and par Eng., 4%. [74. 

Mindanao, Min-dq.-nq'-Q, Malay Arch., 
Minden. Min-den, ft t Prus., 12%; v 

La., 1. 

Mindoro, Min-d6-ro, Philippine *,29%. 
Mineral Point, co t Wi., 3. 
Minersville. Mj-nerz-vil, t Pa.. 4 
Minerva. Mi-ner-va, m Ky., 0. 
Minho. Men-yo, prt/o and r Port. 
Minisink, Min-i-sink, <v N-Y. [}^. 
Minneapfilis, Min-e-ap-o-lis, co t Min., 
Minnesota. Min-e-S(S-ta. ter n.w. U.S.. 

area 166.025 s. m.. pop. from 10.000 
Minnesota City, co t Min. [to 15.000. 
Minnetonka, Min-e-tofl-kn.Z Min. ,28m. 
Minni Wakan, Min-e YVe-kqn, I Mia. 

Ter., 40 by 12 m. 
Minorca, Min-or-ka, t of So., Med., 40. 



Minot, Mi-r.6t, v Me. 

Minsk, Minsk, g<n and t Kus., 23. 

Miosen, Me-e-zen, I Nor., 55 m. 

Miquelon, Me-ke-ltan, is off coast New- 
foundland: area 85 s. m., pop. 510. 

Miramichi, Mir-a-ini-Je, b, r audpt N.- 

Miranda, Mi-ran-da, v N-C. 

Minmdola, Ms-rqn-da-lq, ft t It., 6. 

Mirim, Ms-ren, I S. Am. 

Mirzapoor, Mer-za-pifir, t Hin., 100. 

Mishawaka, MiJ-a-wo-ka, V la., 2%. 

Miskolcz, MiJ-kolts, t Hun., 30. 

Missisque, Mi-sis-kwe, r Vt. 

Mississinewa, Mis-i-sin-g-wa, r la. 

Mississippi, Mis-i-sip-i, f N. Am.; with 
the Missouri, its principal tributary, 
the longest river in the world ; 4350 
m., including the Missouri. 

Mississippi, one of the s. U. S.; area 
47,15(5 s. m; pop. 295,718 whites, 930 
free blacks, 309,300 slaves, total, 

Missouri, Mi-zcb-ri, one of the s. w. U. 
S.; area 67,380 s. m.; pop. 592,()()i 
whites, 2,618 free blacks, 87,422 
slaves, total, 682,044. 

Missouri Territory, now divided into 
Kanzas and Nebraska. 

Missouri University, Columbia, Mo. 

Mitau, Me-tu, t Rus., 28. 

Mittineague, Mit-i-neg, p o Mass. 

Mitylene, Mit-i-le-ne, i Gr. Arch., 40. 

Mobile, Mo-Mi, r and c Ala., 20>; 
Bay, s. w. Ala. 

Mocha, Mdj-qq, i of Chili ; t Arabia. 

Modena, M6d-en-q, st It.; area 2,073 
s. m.; pop. 586,458: c do., 27>. 

Modica, M6d-i-kq, t Sicily, 17%. 

Moen, Me-en, i of Den., 13%. 

Moffat, M6f-at, t and par Scot., 2J^. 

Mogadore, Mog-a-dor, ft c Morocco, 17; 
v 0. [Brazil. 

Mogi-das-Cruzes, Mo-je-dqs-KriB-zes, t 

Moguer, Mo-g^r, t Sp., 6)^. 

Mogul, Mo-gul, empire, Hin. 

Mohacs, Mo-hqc,, t S. Hun., 10. [Y. 

Mohawk, Mci-hak, r N-Y., 160 m.; v N- 

Moheelev, Mo-Ae-lev, t Rus., 16. 

Mohiccanville, Mo-hik-an-vil, v 0. 

Moissac, Mwq-sqk, t Fr., 10%. 

Moldau, M6I-d3, r Boh., 200 m. 

Moldavia, (Mol-da-vi-a,) Principality 
of, st S. Eu.; area 18,000 s. m., pop. 

Molfetta, Mol-fet-q. s-pt t Nap., 13. 

Moline, Mo-len, 111. 

Molino del Rey, Mo-le-no del Ra, range 
of stone buildings near city of Mex- 
ico ; p Ark. 

Molton, (Mol-ton,) South, t and par 

Eng., 4>. 

Molua, Mo-lro-q, nation in int. Af. 
Moluccas, Mu)-luk-az, <>r Spice Islands, 

group in the Malay Arch. 
Moinbas, Moin-bqs, i and t Af., 6. 
Monipox, Mom-p6A, t N-Gran., 10. 
Monastir, Ma-nqs-ter, s-pt t N-Af., 12; 

c Eu. Tur., 15. 

MoncaliRri, Mon-kq.-li-a-re, t Pied., 8. 
Mondegj, Mon-da-go, nav. r Bra., 180 m. 
Mondovi, Mon-do-ve, t Pied., 16. 
Monee, Mo-ne, 111. [Ind., 30. 

Monghir or Mungeer, Murj-ggr, t lir. 
Mongolia, Mon-gii-li-a, retf Asia; area 

1,400,000 s. m., pop. 2,000,000. 
Alouiteau, Mon-i-to, co and V Mo. 
Monmouth, M6n-mut>, t and par Eng., 

6; v Me.; co t 111. 

Monomoezi, Mo-no-mo-a-ze, em Af. 
Monomotapa, Mo-no-mo-t(\-pq, em Af . 
Monongahela, Mo-non-ga-he-la, r Pa., 

150 m. City, opp. Pittsburg, Pa., 


Monongalia, Mo-non-ga-li-a, co Va. 
Monopoli, Mo-nop-<a-le, t Nap., 16. 
Monreale, Mon-ra-q-la, t Sic., 13. 
Monroe, Mon-ro, co ts Mich. 4, Wis., 

La., Ga., N. C.; TO N-Y., Tenn. 
Monroeville, Mon-ro-vil, ts 0.; co t Cal. 
Mons, Mons, ft t Belg., 23>^. 
Monserrat, Mon-ser-qt, m Sp. 
Monson, Mon-son, Mass. 
Montague, Mon-ta-gq,, vs Mass. \%, 

Va.; i Pae. Oc. 

Montauban, Moh-to-bon, t Fr., 24%. 
Mon tank (Mon-tek) Point, prtnn L. I. 
Montbeliard, Min-ba li-qr, t Fr., 6^. 
Mont Blanc, Mon Blon, highest m ia 

Eu., 15,810 ft. high. 
Montbrison, Mon-bre-zon, t Fr., 6. 
Montcalra, Mont-kqm. ca and co t Mich. 
Monte-Christi, Mon-ta-Kris-te. t Hayti, 

3. [maica, 4. 

Montego (Mon-te-go) Bay, s-pt t Ja- 
Montelimart, Mon-ta-lE-mqr, c Fr., 10. 
Montello, Mon-tel-o, v Wis., % 
Montenegro, Mon-ta-na-griD, ind 

Eu. Tur., 100. 

Mentereau, Mon-te-ro, t Fr., 6J^. 
Monterey, Mon-ta-ra, c Mex., 12 ; co 

and c Cal., 2. [Alps. 

Monte-Rosa, Mon-ta-R6-sq, m Pennine 
Monte San Giuliano. M6n-ta Sqn Jd>- 

li-q-no, t Sic., ftf. 
Montevallo, Mon-ts-val-o, Ala. 
Montevideo, Mon-te-vid-i-o, s pt c, cap 

Uruguay, S. Am., 12. 
Montezuma, Moa-te-zvj,-ina, n N-Y., 

Ga., la., &c. 



Montgomery, Mont-gtini-er-i, cap Ala., 

7: cot Tex.; vs N-Y. 1%, O. 
Monticello, Mon-ti-sel-o, residence of 

Thomas Jefferson, Va.; i> N-Y., \%\ 

co ts Ga., Fa.. Miss., Ark.. Teuu., 

Ky., la.. III. 

Moutilla, Mon-tel-yq, t Sp.. 13%. 
Montlugon, Jlwh-le-fon. t Fr., V. 
Monlmartre, Mon-mqrt-r', t Fr., 23%- 
Montmorency. Mon-mo-ron-ise, Fr., 

2%; Mont-mo-ren-si, co Mich.: r C. E. 
Montoro, Mon-to-ria, c Sp., 10%. 
Montour, Mon-tdE>r, co Pa. 
Montoursville, Mon-trf>rz-vil, Pa., %. 
Montpelier, Mont-pel-yer, cap Vt., 25/3; 

f Ga., la. 

Montpellier, Mont-jxH-i-er, c Fr., 37%. 
.Montreal, Mon-tre-el, c C. E., 58. 

Island, on which the city is built, is 

32 by 10 m. River, Wis. 
Montrose, Mont-roz, f-pt t Scot., 15%; 

co t Pa., 1%; Iowa, %. 
. Montrouge, Mwn-rdbj, Fr., 9%. [8. 
Montserrat, Mont-ser-at, Br. W. Ind. i, 
Monza, Mon-'zq, c Ans., 18%. 
Mooltan, MiDl-tqn, old c of Punjab, 80. 
Moorefield, Mtir-feld, co t Va.; v 0. 
. Mooreshill, Morz-hil, v la., %. 
Moorestown, Morz-t-sn, N-J., 1. 
.Mooresville, Murz-vil, v la., %. 
Moorshedabad, Minr-jE-da-bqd, c Br. 


Moose, Mcbs, r Br. N. Am., 250. 
Moosehead (Ma>s-hed) Lake, Me., 35 

by 10 m. 

Moquehua, Ma-ka-wq, c Pern, 32}^. 
Moquelumne, Mo-kal-um-ne, r Ciil. 
Moradabad, Mo-rq-dq-bqd, < Br. Ind., 
Morano, Mu-rq-no, t Nap., 8. [32%. 
Morant, Ma-rant, t Jamaica, 7. 
Moratalla, Mo-rq-to^-lq, t Sp., 8. 
Morava, Mu-r^-va, r Servia, 130 m. 
Moravia, Mo-ra-vi-a, -prtw Aus.; area 

10,239, pop. 2,238,-124; v N-Y.; p o lo. 
Morea, Mo-re-a, or Peloponnesus, Pel- 
. o-pon-e-sus, pen Greece. 
Moreau, Mca-ro, p o N-Y. [Tenn. 

Morgan ( Mer-gan ) Court-House, co t 
Morganfield, Mor-gan-feld, cr> t Ky. 
Morgantown, co ts Va. 1, N. C., Ky.: v 
Moriah, Mia-rj-a, f) N-Y., 1. [la. 

Morlaix, Mor-la, t Fr., 12J^. 
Morocco, Mo-rok-o, c and em Af.; area 

222,560 8. m., pop. 8,000,000. 
Moron, Mo-n&n, t Sp., 10%. 
Morpeth, Mor-pet, t and par Eng., 10. 
Morris, Mor-is, co t 111., 1. 
Morrisiana, Mor-is-i-a-na, v N-Y. 
. Morristowu, Mpr-is-tun, rg Vt., N-Y., 

Tenn., 0., la., &c.; to t N-J. 

Morrisville, v Vt. %, Pa., la.; co't N-Y. 
Morrow, M6r-o, O., 1. 
Mors, Mers, t of Den., 6. 
Mortafra, Mer-tq-rq, t Pied., 5JxJ. 
Mortimer,, M6r-ti-mcr, v 111. 
Mortonsville, Mor-tonz-vil, -r Ky., J^. 
Moscow, M6s-ku, ;/-.' Kus.; area 12,UU9 

s. m., pop. 1, 349,000; can c 350; vt 

N-Y., Ky., Tenn., 0., Mich., la., Ac. 
Moselle, Mo-zel, r Fr. and Ger..328 m.; 
Mosiertown, Mo-jer-t-sn, v Pa. [i> 111. 
Moskva, M6sk-vq, r Moscow, 200 m. 
Mosquito (Mos-ke-to) Territory, cy 

Cen. Am.; area 34,000 s. m. 
Mosul (/r Mosel, Mui-sul or MdEi-sul, t 

As. Tar., 40. 

Motagua, M<D-to,-gwq, r Cen. Am. 
Motril, Mo-tiil, c Sp., 10%. 
Mi.ttville, Mot-vil, x Mich., X. 
Moulins, Mo>-lan, t Fr., 14%. 
Moulton, Miil-ton, cot Ala. 
Mount Auburn, M'sntO'burn, cemetery, 

Cambridge, Mass.; vs la., 111. 
Mount Carmel, Kqr-mel, vs Ky., la.; 

co t 111., 1%. 

Mount Carroll, Kar-ol, co t 111., %. 
Mount Clemens, Kletu-ens, co t Mich., 


Mount Desert, Dez-ert, coast Me., %. 
Mount Etna, El'na, v la. 
Mount Gileud, Gil--ad, TS Va., Ky., O. 
Mount Healthy. Hel-ti, r 0., la. 
Mount Holly, H61-i, co t N-J., !; v 0. 
Mount Holyoke, JliJ-li-uk or Hul-yok, 

mt Mass. 

Mount Hope, rs N-Y., Pa. 
Mount Ida, i-Ma, co t Ark. 
Mount Jackson, Jak-son, r Pa., Va. 
Mount Joy, 3d, v Pa. 
Mount Morris, M6r-is, rs N-Y., 111. 
Mount Pleasant, Plez-ant, co ts Tex., 

Ky., IOWA ; r Pa. )^, Tenn., 0., la. 
Mount Sidney, Sid-ni, t Va. 
Mount St. Elias, 8-lj-as, vol m N. Am., 

17,900 ft.; var. ms Eu. [f 0. 

Mount Sterling, Ster-lijj, cots Ky., 111.; 
Mount Tahawus, Ta-ho-wus, peak of 

Adirondack Mts., N-Y. " 
Mount Union, Yi\n-yon, vf Pa., 0. 
Mount Vernon, Ver-non, residence of 

George Washington, Va.; t 0., 5.; co 

<*Ga.,Ky.,Ia.,Ill..M 11 . : r,vN-Y.,Wis. 
Mount Washington, W6J-ifl-t<>n, peak 

White Mts., N-H.; w I'll., Ky., i). 
Mount Zion, Zj-on, v Ga., }.<. 
Moyamensing, Mer-a-m6n-sijj, sub Yh\\- 

adelphia, Pa., 27. 
.Mozambique, Mw-zam-bek, C Af., 6. 

Channel, ttr Ind. Oc. [250 m. 
Msta, M-stq, or Masta, Mq-stq", r Kua., 



Muhalitch, Mu-q-leq, t As. Minor, 11. 
"Muhlenburg, Mullen-burg, co Ky. 
Miihlhauseu, Mel-hi-zen, t Prus., 13%: 
Mulhausen, Mel-h-s-zen, t Fr., 29%. 
Miilheiin-am-Ruhr, Mel-hiin-qm-lta>r, 

t Prus., lOi^. 

Mull, Mul, Hebrides i, 15^. [4%. 

Mullingar, Mul-i{)-gqr, t and par lr., 
Mulweeya or Muluia, Mul-we-yq, r 

Morocco, 350 in. [la., 1>. 

Muncie, Mdn-se, or Muncietown, co t 
Muncy, Miin-si, Pa., 1. [%. 

Muufordsville, Mtin-t'ordz-vil, co t Ky., 
Munich, Mi\,-nik, cap c Bav.. 95%. 
Munster, Miin-ster, prov Ir. 
Miiuster, Men-ster, cap c Westphalia, 25. 
Mu,rcia, Mur-Ji-a, c S.p., 55. 
Murf reesborough, Miir-frez-bur-o, v X. 

C.; co t-s Ark., Tenn. 

Murphy, Mtir-fi, co t N. C. 

Murphysborough, Mtir-fiz-bur-Q, co i 

Murray, Mtir-a, r Australia ; co t Ky. 

Murrumbidgee, Miir-um-bij-E, r Aus- 
tralia, 400 m. 

Murvjedro, Ma>r-vi-a-drG>,/ t Sp.,7%. 

Muscat, Mus-kat, st and c Arabia. 

Muscatine, Mus-ka-ten, co t Iowa, 6. 

Muscoda, Mus-k6-da, v Wis. 

Muscogee, Mus-ko-ge, en Ga. 

Musconetcong, Mus-ko-net-kog, r X-J. 

Muscovy, Mus-ko-vi, applied to Russia. 

Muskingurn, Mus-kin-gum, r 0., 110 m. 

Musselburgh, Miis-el-biir-(a,-f>< t Scot., 
7. [6. 

Mj'conu?, Mik-o-nus, t Grecian Arch., 

Mycrs'own, Mj-erz-t'sn, v Pa., 1. 

Mystic, Mis-tikj r and v Conn. 


Nabloos, Xq,-bldas, c Pal., 8. [Tex. 
Nacogdoohes, Nak-o-du-qez, co and v 
Nacoochce, Na-ka>-qe, Ga. 
Nadudyar, No-dd&d-v^r, t Hun., 6^. 
Nagaranu, Nq-gq-rq-noa, t lliu., 6. 
Nagasaki, Nq-ga-sq-ke, c Japan, 65. 
Nagore, Nq-gor. ts Br. Ind., 40. 
Naguoor, Nqg-ptbr, ter India; area 76,- 

432 s. m., pop. 4,650,000; c do., 115. 
Nahant, Xa-hant, v Mass. 
Xailsea. Xal-se, v Eng., 2^. 
Xain, Xjn, t Uin., 10. 
Xairai, Nj-rj, Feejee i, Pac. Oc. 
Nairn, Na,rn, co and t Scot., 3%. 
Xakhitchevan, Nq-ket-Je-vqn, t Kus,10. 
Natnalouk, Nq-mq-lc6k, Islands, Pac. Oc. 
Xatnur, Na-mur, prw and c Belg.,24J/. 
Nanas, No-no/, t Hun., 7%. 
Nanehe, Nqa-ya, 'c China, 200. 
Nancy, Nan-si, ( Fr. Non-se, ) c Fr., 45. 
Nanking, ]Sqn-kin, or Nankin, Nqn- 

kin, c China, 400. 
Nan-Ling, Nqn-Lin, ms China. 
Nantasket, Nan-tas-ket, pen, Mass. 
Nantes, Nants, c Fr., built partly on 

islands in the Loire, 96J^. 
Nanticoke, Nan-ti-kok, v Pa. 
Nantucket, Nan-tiik-et, co t Mass., 8. 
Nantwieh, Nant-iq, t Eng., 5)^. 
.Napa, Nq-pa, r, c<> and t Cal. 
Napanee, Nap-a-ne, v C. W. [C. E., 1. 
Napierville, Na-per-vil, co I 111., 2)^: V 
Naples, Na-plz, k, c and /> It.: area of k 

32,571 s. m., pop. 6,610.873; pop. c, 

400; r Me., N-Y., I 

Napo, Nq-po, r S. Am., 500 re. 
Napoleon, Na-po-le-on, t' Ark. 1, 0., 


Napoleonville, Na-p6-le-on-vil, v La. 
^aponock, Nap-o-nok, - N-Y. 
Naraul, Nq-rel, t Hin., 6. 
Narberth, Nqr-bert, bar S. Wales, 1^. 
Narbonne, Nqr-bon, c Fr., 13. 
Narborough, Xqr-bur-o, Islands, S.Pac. 
Nardo, Nqr-do, t Nap., 8. 
Narew, Nq-rev, r Rus., 200 m. 
Naro, Nq-ro, t Sic., 10. 
Narraganset, Nar-a-gan-set, Bay, R. I. 
Narraingunge, Nar-jn-gunj, t Br. Ind., 
Narva, Nqr-vq, ft t Rus., 3. [15. 

Xashport, NaJ-port, v 0. 
Nashua, NaJ-yq,-a, r and t X-H., 5%. 
Xashville, XaJ-vil, cap c Tenn., 20 ; co 

ts la., III.; rg X, C., Tex., O. 
Nassau, Xas-e, st Ger., pop. 429,341; ts 

X-Y.,Fa., Iowa: c Bahama Islands, 7'.' 
Xassuck, Xq-suk, c Br. Ind., 30. 
Xatal, Xq-tql, cy Af., bel. to. Gr. Br.; 

area 18,000 s. m., pop. 121,000; ts 

Brazil 10, Sumatra. 
Natchez, Xaq-ez, c Miss., 6; vs 0., la. 
Natchitoches, Naq-i-toq-ez, par and co 
Xatick, Na-tik, v Mass., 2%. [t La'. 
Xaugatuck, Xe-ga-tiik, v Conn. 
Xauinburg. X-sui-buM, t Ger., 12%. 
Xauplia, Ne-pli-a, ft s-pt t Gr., 15 ; g 

^Egean Sea. 

Xauvoo (No-vdS) City. 111., 2. 
Navarre, Xa-vqr, prov Sp.; area 4,069 

s. m., pop. 280,000. 



Navaza, Nq-vq^-sq, Caribbean Sea. 

Navigator's, N;iv-i-ga-torz, or Samoan, 
S.i-inu-:m, Islands, populous is, Foe. 

Naxos, Naks-os, i Grecian Arch., 20. 

Nayoe or Nayoo, Nj-ob, w Malay Arch. 

Nazareth, Naz-a-ret, ts Pal., Pa. J. 
. Nazareth, Nq-zq-ret, ts Belg. 5>/, bra. 

Naze, Nq-zc, cape Nor.; heudlaJui Eug. 

Ne, Na, c Sard. States, 3%- 

Neagh, Lough, LoA Na, I Ir. 

Neath, Ntt, and bar S. Wales, 6. 

Nebraska, Ne-braa-ka, ter U. S., organ- 
ized in 1854; area 335,882 s. m.; v lo. 

Neches, Neq-ez, r Tex., 100 in. 

Neehow, Na-c/s, t China, 30. 

Nockalofa, Nek-q-16-fq, t island of 
Tonga, Friendly Islands, 2. 

Neckar, Nek-ar, r Ger., 210 m. 

Necosta, Ne-kos-ta, co Mich. [3%. 

Nederbrakel, Na-der-brq-kel, t Bclg., 

Nedjed, Nej-ed, interior portion of 
Arabia. [Brunswick. 

Negowac, Neg-o-wak, Indian v New 

Negro?, Na-gros, Philippine i. 

Neilghcrry, Nsl-ger-e, Mts., S. India. 

Neisse, Nj-se, t Prus. Silesia, 17^. 

Neiva or Nova, Na-vq, r Rus., 300 m. 

Nekimi, Nek-i-mj, v Wis. 

Nellore, Nel-cbr, t Br. Ind. 

Nelson, Nel-son, vt N-Y., 0., N-BruU. 

Nelsonville, Nel-son-vil, -v 0. 

Neaii, Na-me, I and v Cen. It. 

Nenagh, Na-na, t Ir., 9)^. 

Nene, Nen, r Eng. [v Wis. 

Neosho, Nc-6-Jo f >' Kanzas; co t Mo.; 

Neosho City, a vegetarian settlement, 

Nepaul, Ne-pel, ind cy Hin.; area 53,- 
000 s. ni., pop. 2,000,000. 

Nepenski, Ne-pen-skj, v Wis. 

Nephi (Ne-li.) City, v UUih. 

Neponset (Ne-pon-set) Village, Mass. 

Nerac, Na-i<ik, t Fr., 7^. 

Nerbudda, Ner-biid-a, r India, 620 m. 

Nescopcck, Nes-ko-pek, m and v Pa. 

Nesochaque, Nes-o-qa-kwe, River, N-J. 

N !..-( I ually, Nes-kwol-i, r Wash. Ter. 

Ni-the, Na-to, r Belg. 

Netherlands, N6d-er-landz, called also 
Kingdom of Holland, cy in the west- 
ern part of Eu., embracing the fol- 
lowing provinces: North Brabant, 
Gelderland, South Holland, North 
Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Friesland, 
Overys-sel, Groningen, Drenthe, Lim- 
burg; area 12,662 s. in., pop. 3,767,671. 

Nethou, Pic, Pek Ne-tif, highest peak 
of the Pyrenees, 1 1,168 ft. 

t Meck.-StreliU, 0. 

Ncuburg, N*-burA, t Bav., OJxJ. 
Nuut'chatel, N^J-q-tol, I, canton and 

t Swit., 7%. 

Neuhausel, N(>-hflr-sel, t Hun., 6%. 
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Ne-ye-ser-San, t 

Fr., 16. 

Neurode, N^-ro-de, t Prus. Silesia, b%. 
Neusatz, Ndr-sqts, t Hun., 17^. 
Neusc, NHS, ; N. C., 300 m. 
Neti-Shehr, Na-to-Je-r', t As. Tur., 15. 
Neusiedl, Ntf-sed-1, I Hun. 
Neuss, Nws, t Rhen. Prus., 9. 
Neustadt, Ntr-stqt, ts Prus., 0%; Aus., 

)^, Prus. Saxony, 6%. 
Neustadt-an-der-IIardt, Ntr - stqt - qn- 

der-Hqrt, t Rhen. Bav., 6. 
Neustadt-Eberswalde, Ner-stqt-a'bers- 

vql-de, t Prua., b%. 
Neustadtl-an-der-Wang, Nff-stet-1-qn- 

der-Vqg, t Hun., 5J^. 
Ncu'-Strelitz, Ner-Stra-lits, / Ger., 6>^. 
Neutitschein, Nff-tit-Jjn, t Moravia, 9. 
Neuwied, Ntf-vet, t Rhen. Prus., 6}^. 
Neva, Na-vq, r or str Rus. 
Nevada, Na-vq\-dq, co Cal. City, 

co t Cal., 5. 

Nevers, Ns-v'4^, c Fr., 17. 
Neville, Nev-il, v O. 
Nevis, N<Sv-is, W. Ind. , 10^. 
New Albany, Ni| 61'ba-ni, c la., 15. 
Newark, Ni\-ark, c N-J., 50: co t O., 5; 

Del., la., III., &c.; bor Eng., 11^. 
New Bedford, Nn, Bed-ford, c Mass., 18. 
New Berlin, Ber-lin, N-Y.; co t Pa. 
Newbern, Ni'^-bern, co t Va.; t N. C., 

4>^; la. I la. 

Newberry, Ni\-ber-i, co t S. C.; r* Pa., 
New Boston, Nn, Bos-ton, r 111. %, N-H. 
New Brighton, Brj-ton, vt N-Y., Pa. 
New Britain, Brit-en, v Conn., 3; arch 

Pac. Oc. 
New Brunswick, Brdnz-wik, Br. ter N. 

Am.; area 27,700 s. m., pop. 194,000; 

c N-J., 13^. 

New Buda, Bt'i-da, v Iowa. 
New Buffalo, Biif-a-lo, r Pa., Mich. 
Newburg, Nn-burg, co ts N-Y., Tenn.; 

vs Pa., 0.. la., Wis., Ala. 
Newbury, Ni^-ber-i, t and par Eng., 

6j^; vs Vt., Mass. [13J^. 

Newburyport, N\i-ber-i-port, c .M;i>*., 
New Caledonia, Kal-e-d(b-ni-a, S. 

Pac. Oc.: area 6600 s. m. 
New Carlisle, Kar-ljl, 0., 1. 
New Castle, Nii Kas-1, co ts Pa. 1%, 

Del., Va.. Ky. 

Newcastle, Ni'^-kas-1, co t la. 
Newcastle (Nt^-kris-l) upon-Tyne, c 

Eng., 87%. [W%. 

Newcastle-undcr-Lyme,Jor and t Eng., 



New Cumberland, Kum-ber-land, te 
Pa., Va., la. 

New Diggings, Dig-inz, v 111., %. 

New England, In/gland, embraces Me., 
N-H., Vt., Mass, R. I., Conn. 

Newfoundland, Ni\-fund-land, i Br. N. 
Am., At. 'Oc., bel. to Gr. Br.; area 
57,000 s. nt:, pop. 102,000. 

New Granada. Nv|, Grq-nq-dq, rep S. 
Am.: area 480,000 a.m., pop. 2,364,000. 

New Hampshire, Hamp-Jer, one of the 
original U. S.; area 9280 s. m., pop. 

New Hampton, H.imp-ton, v N-Y., N-J. 

New Harmony, Hqr-mo-ni, D la. 

New Hartford. Hqrt-f ord, TS Conn., N-Y. 

New Haven, Ha-ven, c, semi-cap Conn., 
noted for its beauty, and being the 
seat of Yale College; t N-Y., Pa.. 
Ky.. O., III. 

New Hebrides, Heb-ri-dez, is Pac. Oc. 

New Holland, Hol-and, v Pa. 

New Hope, vs Pa. \%, 0. 

New Ipswich, Ipa'wiq, i) N-H. 

New Ireland, -fr'land, ' S. Pac. Oc. 

New Jersey, Jer-zi, one of the original 
U. S.; area 8320 s. in., pop. 489,555. 

New Leon, Lg-on, si Mex.; area 16,687 
s. m., pop. 133,361. 

New Lisbon, Liz-bon, en 1 0., 2}^: vs la. 

New London, c Conn., 10: r* 0., la., Mo., 

New Madrid, Mad-rid, co t Mo. [<fcc. 

New Market, Mqr-ket, r* X-H., N-J. 

New Mexico, Mek.s-i-ko, ter of the U. 
S.; area 207,007 ; pop. is of a mixed 
character, 61,547 being Mexicans and 
Americans, and 45,000 Indians. 

New Milford, Mil-ford, vs Conn., 111. 

Newnan, Ni\-nan, co t Ga. 

New Orkney, Ork'ni, is S. At. Oc. 

New Orleans, 9r'le-anz, c La., built on 
deposit made by the Mississippi 
river, which is about 5 feet lower 
than the river level; 126^. [2. 

New Philadelphia, Fil-a-del-fi-a, v 0., 

Newport, Nti,-port, two important 'bora 
Eng.; s-pt t S. Wales, !%; t Eng., 
2%; c, semi-cap R. I., 9>; c Ky., 9; 
co ts N-H., la.; vg N-Y., Pa., 0., Mich. 

Newport-Pagnell, Nvj,-port-Pag-nel, t 
Eng., 3V. [i; v Tenn. 

New Providence, Prov-i-dens, Bahama 

New Richmond^Riq-mond, v 0., 2J^. 

New Rochelle, Ro-Jel, v N-Y., 1%. 

Newry, Nvj,-ri. fow Ir., 25. 

New Sharon, Ea-ron, v Me. 

New Siberia, Sj-be-ri-a, is Are. Oc. & 

New South Wales, Nq, S-st Walz, ex- 
tensive cy Australia; area 350,000 
s. m., pop. 208,254. 

Newton, Ni\-ton, co ts N-J., N. C., Ga,, 
Ala., 111., Iowa: v O., ^. 

Newton-Abbot (Ab'ot) with Newton- 
Bushell, (Buf-el,) t Eng., 3^. 

Newton-npon-Ayr, ( Ar, ) burgh Scot., 5. 

Newton Falls, 0., %. 

Newton-Stewart, St\\-art, t Scot., 2%. 

Newtown, Ni^-fsn, bor N. Wales, 3^; 
vs Mass., Conn., N-Y., Pa., Va., Ky., 
Md., 0., la. [Ir., 10^. 

Newtown-Ardes, flrdz, ~bor and s-pt t 

Newtown-Limavaddy, Lim-a-vad-i, bor 
and t Ir., 3%. 

New York. NIJ, York, the most populous 
of the U. S., and pre-eminent in in- 
ternal improvements and commercial 
importance; area 47,000s. m.; pop., 
in 1850, 3,097,394 : 3,048,325 whites, 
49,069 colored; in 1856, 3,345,840. 

New York, c of the above state, the 
most important in the New World, 
and the third, only, in point of wealth 
and population on theglobe: pop. 625; 
TS Tenn., la., III., Wash. Ter. 

New Zealand, Ze-land, w of Gr. Brit., 
in S. Pac. Oc., area, 105,115 s. m. 
pop. 26,656. 

New Ulster, and New Munster, prin- 
cipal i of New Zealand. 

Neyva, or Neiva, Na-i-vq, t N-Gran. 

Nezbeen, Na-^en, t Rus., 16. 

Nez Perc- (Na-Per-sa) Indians, Ir Or. 

Ngami, N-gq-mg, I S. Af. 

Niagara, Nj-ag-a-ra, r N. Am., form- 
ing between lakes Erie and Ontario 
the celebrated "Falls of Niagara." 

Niagara, co t C. W., 3. 

Niagara Falls, v N-Y., 1}^. 

Nias, Nj-as, i of Malay Arch. 

Nicaragua, Nik-ar-q\-gwq, si Cen. Am., 
area, 36,000 s. in., pop. 235,000; i 
Nicaragua, 8; /ditto, 90 by 30 m. 

Nicaria, Ne-kq-re-q, i Gr. Arch., 1. 

Nicastrp, Ns-kqs-tro, t Naples, 10. 

Nice, Nes, c It., 25. 

Nicholas, Nik-o-las, t Cal. 

Nicholasville, fiik-o-las-vil, <Ky., 1. 

Nicobar(Nik-o-bar) Islands, is Ind. Oc. 

Nicolet, Ne-ko-la, co and v C. E. 

Niccollet, Nik-o-la, co and I Min. 

Nicopolis, Ne-kop-o-lis, / Eu. Tur., 10. 

Nicosia, Ne-ko-se-q, c Sicily, 13. 

Nicoya, Ne-ko-yq, pen, b, r and ts 
Costa Rica. 

Nicuman, Ne-ko>-mqn, r China, 220 m. 

Nieder-IIessen, Ne-der-Hes-en, prov 
Hesse-Cassel, pop. 366,663. 

Niemen, Ng-men, r Rus. Pol., 400 m. 

Nievre, Ng-avr, dep Fr., area, 2595' s, 
m., pop. 327,161. 



Nigdeh, Nig-de, i As. Mln,. 5. 
Niger, Nj-jer, r W. Af., 2000 m. 
Nikolaiev, Ne-ko-lj-ev, (or Nikolaief,) 

ft t Rus., 12. 

N'ikolsburg, Nik-oli-burg, t Moravia, 8. 
Nile, Njl, r E. Af ., 700 m. 
Niles, w 0., %; Mich., 2%. 
Nimar, Ne-mqr, rf*s Ind., area, 7000 s. 

m., pop., 250.000. 
Nimes, Ngm, t Fr., 53%. 
Nineveh, Nin-e-ve, anc, e and cap of 

the Assyrian Empire, now in ruins. 
Ning-Po, Nin-Po, c China, 250. 
Ninove, Ne-n6-va, t Belg., 4)^. 
Nio, NB-Q, is Or. Arch., 3^. 
Niort, Ne-er, Fr., 18%. 
Nipe (Ne-pa) Bay, Cuba. 
Niphates, Ns-fq-tez, m Armenia. 
Niphon, Nif-6n, (or Nipon, Nip-6n,) 

largest is Japan, area, 200,000 s. m. 
Nipissing (Nip-is-in) Lake, C. W., 50 

by 35. 

Nisari, Ns-sq'-rE, i Gr. Arch. 
Nishapoor, NiJ-q-pdSr, c Per., 8. 
Nisita, Ne-si-tq, i Naples. 
Nitinat, Nit-i-nat, or Berkeley (Berk- 

li ) Sound, N. Am., w. Vancouver's Is. 
Nivellea, Ne-vel, t Belg., 8. 
Nixdorf, Niks-dsrf, (Groee and Klein, 

Gros and Kljn,) rs Bohemia. 
Nizhnee-Lomov, Ni3-ne-Lo-mov. t 

Rus., 7 
Nizhnee Novgorod, Nij-ns-Nov-go-rod, 

t Rus., 32. 
Nizhnee-Taghilsk, or Nijnii-Taghilsk, 

Nij-ns Tq-gilsk, t Rus., 22. 
Noblesville, Nci-blz-vil, t> la., l}/. 
Nobosque (No-bosk) Point, Buzzard's 

Bay, Mass. 
Nocera Dei Pagani, No-qa-rq Da-e Pq- 

g4-ne, anc t Naples, 7)^. 
Noceto. No-qa-to, t It., 5%. 

Noci, N6-qe, t Naples, 6. [Arch. 

Noessa-Laut, Na-6s-q-Lot, is Malay 
Nogent, N(3-36n, t Fr., 3. 
Nogent-le-Ber-nard, No-jon-le-Ber- 

n^r, t Fr., 3. [Fr., 7. 
Nogent-le-Rotrou, No-j6n-le-Ro-tn&, t 
Nogent-sur-Seine, No-jdn-sur-San, t 

Fr., 3}^. [fi. 

Noheacab, No-kq-ko^b, Yucatan, Mex., 
Noir, Nwqr, i S. Am. 
NoirmoHtiers, Nwqr-mo>-ti-a. * w. of 

Fr., 8^. 

Noja, N6-yq, t Naples, 5J^. 
Nola, N6-lq. c Naples, b%. 
Nornbre-de-Dios, N6m-bra-da-De-os, 

<Mex., 6%: pt N-Gran. 

Nookaheeva, NiD-kq-he-vq, one of the 

Marquesas Isles, Pac. Oc., 18. 

Noon, No>n, r Mantchooria, 500 m. 
Noonivak, NiD-ni-vq'k, i Rus. Am. 
Nootka-Sound, Nrfd-ka-S^nd, inlet w. 

of Vancouver Is. 
Nord, Ner, den Fr., area 2170 s. m., 

pop. 1,158,285. 

Norden, Nor-den, t Hanover, 5%. 
Norderney, Nor-dcr-nj, i N. Sea, %. 
Nordhausen, Nert-hu-ien, t Prus. 

Sax., 13. 
Nordland, Nord-lqnd, die Norway; area, 

14,337 a. m., pop. 65,512. 
Nordlingen, Nert-lin-cn,/i! t Bav., 6)^. 
Nordstrand, Nort-strqnd, i Den., 3. 
Norfolk, Ner-fok. c Va., 16; cot Eng., 

Mass., Va.; Bay, Van Die. Land ; 

Island, Pac. Oc.; New, die Van 

Dietnan's Land.; Sound, Rus. Am. 
Norman, Nor-rnan, is W. Ind. 
Normandy, N6r-man-di, anc. prov Fr., 

area, 10,534 s. m. 
Norman Isles, comprise Channel Is., 

Jersey, Guernsey, &c. 
Norridgewock. N6r-ij-wok, v Me., !%. 
Norristown, Nor-is-t'sn, t Pa., 6; vg 

Ark., 0. 

Norrkjbping, Ndr-qe-pin, t Swed., 11)^ 
Norrska Fiellen, Ne/'s-kq Fyel-on, t/is 


North Adams, Ad'amz, t Mass., 3. 
Northallerton, Nerfi-al-er-ton, bar and t 

Eng., 5. 
Northampton, Nert-amp-ton, bor and t 

Eng., 2(5%; v Mass., 4. 
North Bellerica, Bcl-er-i-ka, v Mass., %. 
North Bend, country residence of Gen. 

W. H. Harrison, near Cincinnati. 
North Bridgewater, Brij-wo-ter, v 

Mass., 4. 
North Carolina, Kar-o-lj-na, one of 

the original U. S.; area 50,704 s. m., 

pop. 553,028 whites, 27,563 fr. blacks, 

288,548 slaves, total 868,903. 
North Clarendon. Klar-en-don, Vt. 
North Danvers, Dan-verz, v Mass. 
North-East, tv? Pa., Md., <fec. 
North-Eost Pass, or Balize, Ba-lez, v 

La.; at the mouth of Mississippi. 
Northern Circars, Ser-k^rs, prov Br. 

Ind.; area 17,000 s. m., pop 2,995,500. 
North Ferrisburg, Fer-is-burg, c Vt. 
Northfield, Ndrt-feld, tw Vt., 3: Mass., 

1%; N-J., 0., la. 
North Granville, Gran-vil. v N-Y. 
North Hadley, Had-li, v Mass. 
North Haven, Ha-ven, Conn., !}/. 
North Hero, He-ro, co t Vt., %. 
North Lawrence, La-rens, v N-Y. 
North Lebanon, Leb-an-on, v Pa., J^. 
North Madison, Mdd-i-son, c la., ^. 



North Scituate, Sit-yn-at, vt Mass., 

R. I. 
North Sea, or German Ocean, an arm 

At. Oc., between the Brit. Is. and 

German States. 
Northumberland, Nar-ttim-ber-Iand, t 

Pa., li^; tfN-H. 
North Vernon, Ver-non, v la. 
Northville, Nort-vil, Mass., Mich., 111. 
Northwich, Nert-wiq, t Eng., \%. 
Norton, Ner-ton, r Eng., 2; Mass., 2; 0. 
Norton-Chipping, Gip-in, bar Eng., 3. 
Norton Sound, inlet Behring Sea, Rus. 

Am. [1%. 

Norwalk, Nar-wok, t Conn., 4%; v O., 
Norway, Ner-wa, ay of Eu., forming 

the extreme n. w. part; provinces, 

Aggershuus or Christiania, Chris- 

tiansand, Bergen, Trondhjem. Trom- 

soe: area 123,386 s. m., pop. 1,330.000: 

r* Me., 2; N-Y., 1; la. 
Norwich. N6r-ij, c Eng., 12V; Ner-wic, 

N-Y., Yi ; Pa., 0. 
Norwood, Upper and Lower, two vt 

Eng., United pop. 6046. 
Nos-Beh, N6s-Ba. i of Fr., coast of 

Madagascar, 15^. 
Noss-Island, one of Shetland Is. 
Noto, No-to, c Sicily 10%. 
Notre Dame, Not-r Dqm, p o la.; 

Bay, Newfoundland. 
Notre Dame de Cenilly, Not-r Dqm de 

Se-ne-ye, v Fr., 2. 
Notteroe, N6t-e-re-e, i Norway. 
Nottingham, Not-ig-atn, bor and t 

Eng , pop., 57,407. 

Nottoway. Not-o-wa, r and co t Va. 
Novara, No-vq-rq, c It. 18%. 
Nova Scotia, No-va Sko-Ji-a, prov Br. 

N. Am.; area 15,627 s. m., pop. 276, 


Nova Zembla, N<5-va Zem-bla, two is 

Arctic Oc., area, about 61,967 s. m., 

has no permanent inhabitants. 
Novelda, No-vel-dq, t Sp., 8. 
Novellara, No-vel-q-rq, t It.. 4. 
Novgorod, Nov-go-rdd, gov Rus., c do., 

pop. 15,000. 
No vgorod- Se verskoie, Nov-go-rod-Sa- 

ver-sko-ya, t llus., 8. 
Novi, NW-VE, t It., lOi^. 
Novi-Bazar. N6-VE-Bq-zq>, t Bosnia, 8. 
Novoi-Oskol, No-vtf-Os-kol, t Rus., 5. 
Novomoskovsk, No-vo-mos-kovsk, ft t 

Rus., iy 3 . [Bus., 17%. 

Novo-Tcherkask, N6-vo-yer-kqsk, t 
Now-Chow, NT5-6-5, i China. 
Noxubee, N6ks-yq,-bg, r and co Miss. 
Noyon, No-yon, t Fr., 6*^. 
Nubia, Ni\-bi-a, cy E. Af .; area 35,000 

s. m., pop. 400,000. 
Nublada, Nd>-blq-da, N. Pac. 
Nueoes, Nwa-ses, r Tex., 350 m. 
Nuevitas, Las, Lqs Nwa-ve-tqs, t Cuba. 
Nuits, Nwe, t Fr., 3^. 
Nuko, Nob-ko, i Rus., Gulf of Fin., ^. 
Numa, Nri-ma, v la. 
Numidia, Ni],-mid-i-a, anc cy N. Af. 
Nunda, Nun-da, v N-Y., 2. 
Nuneaton, Niin-e-ton, t Eng., 4%. 
Nunez, Noa-n^z, r W. Af. 
Nuremberg, Nii-retn-berg, important <3 

Bavaria, pop. 46,000. 
Nurpur, Nur-pur, t Punjab, 6. 
Nyack, N-j-ak, N-Y., %. 
Nyassi, Ne-qs-e, I S. E. Af. 
Nyborg, Ne-bortf, ft t Den., 3. [15%. 
Nyireghyhaza, Nys-rej-hq-zo, t Hun., 
Nykoping, Ne-qe-pin, dis Swed.; area 

2516 s. m., pop. 120,113 ; t Swed., 3>. 
Nymwegen, Nim-wa-gen, ft t Neth. 


Oahu or Wahoo, Wq-h*, one of the 

Sandwich Islands, 19J4. 
' Oajaca or Oaxaca, Wq-Aq-kq. st of 

Mex.; area. 31,822 s.m., pop. 525,101; 

c Mex., 25. 

Oakham, CJk'am, t Eng., 3. [111. 

Oakland, Ok'land, c Cal., 2j^: r 0., 
Oakville, r* N. Y., Mich., C. \V. 
Oban, O'ban, bor and spt t Scot., 1%. 
Obeid, O-bad, cap t Kordofan, Af., 30. 
Oberlin, Q'ber-lin, 0., noted for its 

College, free to people of color, 2. 
Obernai, O-ber-na, t Fr., 5, [7^. 
O-Bessenova, O bej-a-ni5-vo, t Hun., 

Obi, Oby, or Obe, Q'be, r Sib., 2000 m. 

Obidos, O-be-dos, t Brazil, 6. 

Obies, O'bez, r Tenn. 

Obion, O'bi-on, r Tenn., 150 m. 

Oboyan, O-bo-yqn, t Rus., 5J^". 

Ocana, O-kon-yq, tg Sp. 5: N-Gran., 5. 

Occoquan, Ok'o-kwon, r and v Va. 

Ocean, or Cure, Ko6-ra, Pac. Oc. 

Ocean, or Paanopa, Pq-no-pq, i Pac. 
Oc., }. 

Oceania, Q-Je-q^-ni-a, or Oceanica, 
O-Je-an-i-ka, fifth division of the 
globe, consisting of Malaiiia, Aus- 
tralia, and Polynesia. 



Ochil (O'Ail.) Hills, nut Scot. 
Ocmulgee, Ok-mdl-ge, r Ga., 300 m. 
Oconee, (D-ko-ne, r Ga., 300 in., re 
Ga., S. C. Wis. 

Ooonomewoe, Ok-o-notu-e-wok, cr and 

Ocrakoke, Q'kra-kok, v N. C. 

Odense, Q'den-sa, t Den., 11^. 

Odense-Fiord, Fe-erd, b is. of Funon. 

Odenwald, Q'den-vqlt, m Ger. 

Oder, CD'der, r Ger., 550 m. 

Odessa, Q-de"s-a, c Rus., 71^. 

Odowara, Q-do-wq^-rq, t is. of Niphon, 
Japan, 5. [*/^- 

Oedenburg, E'den-ba>r/i, t W. Hun., 

Oederan, E'da-rqn, t Saxony, 4}^. 

Oeiras. CD-a-e-rqs, c Brazil, 5. 

Dels, Els, I Prus. Silesia, 6. [40. 

Oesel, E'sel, Rus., area, 1200 s. m., 

Offenbach, Of'en-bqA, t Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, 9>. 

Ogdensburgh, OgMenz-burg, t X-Y., S. 

Ogeechee, Q-ge-qe, r Ga., 250 m. 
. Ogle, O'gl, co and 111. 

Oglethorpe, O'gl-torp, c Ga., 2%, 

Ogono, Q-g&n-yo, cape Sp. 

Oheteroa, G)-ha-ta-ro-a, * S. Pac. Oc. 

Ohio, G)-h|-o, one of the U. S., third 
in population and commercial im- 
portance. Area, 39964 s. m., pop. 
in 1850, J, 980,329: whites, 1,955,050, 
colored, 25,279. Iu 1856, 2,138,754; 
r U. S., 950 m. 

Ohotnura, O-ho-mrf>-rq, t Japan, 20. 

Oich, Loch, LoA Gh, I Scot. 

Oignies, Wan-ye, v Belgium, 1J^. 

Oise, Wqz, r and dep Fr. 

Oits Mitaoo, CTts Mit-srf>, I Japan. 

Ojalava, CJ-yq-l^-vq, one of Nav. Is., 
Pac. Oc. [beria, 500 in. 

Oka, O'kq, rs Cen. Rus., 650 m.; Si- 

Okanagon, O-kan-ag-on, r N. Amer., 
200 m. 

Okau or Okaw, O'ke, 111. 

Okauchee, O-kd-ye, Wis. 

Okhota, O-Au-tq, r Siberia, 200 nu 

Okhotsk, O-A6tsk, Sea of, inlet of 
Pac. Oc. 

Okladnikovo, Ok-lqd-ni-k<f>-vo, I Rus. 

Okolona, Ok-o-ldi-na, Miss. 

Oktibbeha, Ok-tib-e-he, r and co Miss. 

Oland, E'lqnt, i Sweden, 31. 

Olcott, Ol'kot, v N-Y. 

Oldburg, Qld'burg, t Eng., 5J^. 

Ol<lenburg. Ol'den-burg, grand-duchy, 
Gor., 252,699; t Ger., 8; r la. 

Oldham, Old'am. bor and t Eng., 72^. 

Old Point Comfort, v Va. 

Old Providence, i Carribbean Sea, %. 

Oldtown, Me., 3. 

Olean, O-le-ap, v N-Y.; p o Ind. 

Oleggio, (D-l^d-jo, t It., 7%. 
Olekma, O-l^k-mq, r Siberia, 400 m. 
Olenek, (.)-la-n.-k, r Siberia, 800 m. 
Olentangy, 01-en-tan-ji, r 0. 
Ol^ron, CJ-ln-ron, t coast of France, 17. 
Olhao, Ol-yin, t Portugal, 6. 
Olinda, O-lin-da, c Bnizil, 8. 
Oliva, O-le-vq, t Sp., %. 
Olivenza, fj-ls-ven-sq, t Sp.. 7J^. 
Olkhon, Ol'4on,i Lake Baikal, Siberia. 
Olmulz, Ol'muts, c Moravia, 12J^. 
Olney, Ol'ni, t Eng., 2^; rs Penn., 111. 
Oloron, O-lo-roh, t Fr., 6J^. 
Olot, O-16t, t Sp., 12. 
Olvera, Ol-va-rq, t Sp., f>X- 
Olympia, O-lim-pi-a, cap Wnfh. Ter. 
Olympus, O-lim-pus, m Thessaly. 
Om, r As. Rus., 330 m. 
Omaha City, Q-mq-hq Sit-i, cap Neb. 
Ombay, Om-bj, i Malay Arch. 
Ometepe, O-ma-ta-pa, fol t Cen. Am. 
Omsk, Omsk, ft t As. Rus., llj^. 
Omun, < ) iii'i'in, / Guinea, 5. 
Ona, CD'nq, r Siberia, 280 m. 
Oneco, O-ne-koj, v III. [Rug. 

Onega, Q-ne-ga, r Rus., 250 m.: L 
Oneglia, O-nel-yq, t Sard. States, 5^. 
Oneida, (0-nj-da, I and co N-Y. 
Onekotan, O-na-ko-t^n, Koorile Is. 
Oneonta, O-nt-6n-ta, N-Y. 
Onghin, On-gn, r Mongolia, 200 m. 
Onion, Un'yon, rs Vt., Wis. [N-Y. 
Onondaga, On-on-de-ga, I, co and v 
Onondaga Valley, v N-Y., 1. 
Onslow, Onz'lo, s-pt t Nova Scotia; b 

and co N. C. 
Ontario, On-ta-ri-o, one of the five 

great lakes, U. S.; co N-Y.: co C. W. 
Dnteniente, On-ta-ne-^n-ta, t Sp., 9)^. 
Ontonagon, On-ton-ag-on,r and t'Mich. 
9obsa, (Db'sq, I Chinese Empire. 
Ooch, (Dq, t N. W. Hindostan, 20. 
3oda, or Ouda, (D'dq. r Siberia, 200 m. 
Oofa, (D'fq, t Ru?., 6. 
Ooglitch, (Dg-liq, t Rus., 8. [ak. 

Oojak, (D-j4k, I N. Pac. Oc., is. Kodi- 
Jojein, CD-jan, ft c Hindostan. 
3o-Kiang, fl)-ke-4n T China, 500 m. 
Oonalaska, CD-na-lqj-ka, Fox Island. 

N. Pac. Oc. 

Oonimak, (D-ne-mq^f, Fox Island. 
Ooralsk, a>-rqlsk, t Rus., 13. 
Oorfa, ODr'fq, t As. Tur., 30. 
)orga, (Dr'gq, c Mongolia, 7. 
Ooroomeeyah, CD-ruo-me-yq, ft t North 

Persia, 25. 

)oroomtsee, (D-rdmt-se, c China. 
)oroop, (D-rtbp, one of Koorile Is. [m. 
)osooree, (D-sOtt-re, r Mantchooria, 340 
Oostacker, Os'tqk-er, v Bel., 5J^. 



Oostioog, (D-ti-da;, t Rus. 13. 
Ooz^n, or Ouzen, CD-zen, two rs Rus., 

250 in. 

Opelousas, Op-s-lcfi-sas, v La. 
Ophir, (J'fer, Mount, Malay Pen., 

and Sumatra. 

Oporto, Q-por-to, c Port., 80. 
Oppeln, Op'eln, t Prus. Silesia, 1% 
Opwyck, or Opwijk, Op'wjk, Belg., 


Oquaka, Q-kwq-ka. III., 1. 
Oran, G)-rqn,/i! c Algeria, 25; N-Y. 
Orange, Or'anj, r S. Africa; i Fr., 10; 

Vi Mass., N-J.; b Terra del Fuego. 
Orange Court House, cfi I Va., %. 
Orange River, Republic of, div. S. Af., 

area, 50.000 s. in. 
Orbey, Or-ba, t Fr., 5J^. 
Oregon, O're-gon, most western of the 

territories, U. S.; area, 185,030 s. m., 

pop. 13,294. 

Oregon City, v 111.; t Oregon, 1. 
Orel, Q-rel, t Rus., 25%. 
Orenboorg, Q'ren-biar/t, c Rus. 6. 
Orense, CJ-ren-sa, t Sp., 5. 
Orgaos, Serra Dos, Se>-q dos 9r-go,- 

ojhs. ms Brazil. 

Oria, Q'ri-q, t Sp., 5%: < Naples, 4,%. 
Orihuela, (J-re-wa-lq, c Sp., 17j^. 
Orinoco, Q-ri-no-ko, largj / S. Am., 

1600 m. 

Oriskany, O-ris-kan-i, v N-Y. 
Oristano, Q-ris-tq-no, t is. Sardinia, 

10; g is. of Sardinia. 
Orizaba, O-ri-sq-bq, t Max., 15. 
Orkhon, 9r-A6n, r Mongolia, 380 m. 
Orkney 9rk'ni, Islands, arch, N. of 


Orland, Gr'land, v Me. 
Orleans,^r'le-anz, c Fr., 47}/. 
Ormus, Or'mus, i Persian Gulf. 
Orontes, O-ron-tez, r N. Syria, 210 m. 
Oroshaza. O-roJ-q-zo, v Hun., 9Jx^. 
Orotava, O-ro-tq-vq, t Canary Is., 8^. 
Orphano, 6r'fq-no, g of Gr. Arch. 
Orphan's Inland, Peaobscot river. 
Orthez, 9r-ta, t Fr.. 10. 
Ortler, 9rt-ler, m Austria. 
Ortona, 9r-t6-na. t Naples, 7. 
Oraro, O-rOb-rO, t Bolivia, 5. 
Orust, Q'rtDst, i Sweden. 
Orvieto, 9r-vs a-to, c Can. It., 6%. 
Orwigsburg, 9r'wigz-burg, lor Pa., 1. 
Osage, O-saj, r Ind. Ter., U. S., 500 m. 
Osaka, O-sq-kq, s-pt t Japan. 
Osceola, Os-s-6-la, cos Mich., Iowa; 

p os in many of U. S. 
Odchatz, Q-Jqts, t Sax., 5>. 

Oshkosh, OJ'koJ, v "Wis., 3. 
Oshuiooneyn, OJ-ma>-nan, v Egypt. 
Oskaloosa, O-i-ka-liJb-sa, v Iowa, \%. 
Osnaburg, Os'na-burg, t Han., 11%. 
Ostashkov. Os-taJ-kov, t Rus., 9. 
Ostend, Os-tend,/i apt t B.-lg.. 14>^. 
Osterode, Os'ta-ro-da, t Hun., 5)^. 
Ostrog, Os-trog, t Rus. Poland, 6)^. 
Osuna, Q-scb-nq, t Sp., 17^. [tn. 

Oswegatchie, Os-we-g:iq-e, f N-Y., 120 
Oswego, Os-we-go, c N-Y., 16j co and 

r N-Y.; r la. aud 111. 
Oswestry, Oz'es-tri, ftor Eng., 5. 
Otaheite, t)-ta-hj-te, Society Is., 9. 
Otisville, CJ'tis-vil, v N-Y. 
Otranto, (D-trqn-to, t Naples, 4)^; str 

connecting Adr. and Med. Sea. 
Ogsego, (Ot-se-go,) Lake. N-Y. 
Ottawa, Ot'a-wa, t III., 3>; r Canada; 

cos 0., Mich., and Canatla. 
Ottery St. Mary, Ot'er-i Sant Ma-ri, t 

Eng., 2y a . 

Ottuuiwa, Ot'um-wo, v Iowa. 
Ouachita, WoJ-i-to, City, La. [1. 
Oualan, (D-q-lqn, i Pac. 0^., Carolines, 
Oude, (Bd, k Hindostan; area, 2:},738 

s. m., pop. 2,970,000; c of the above. 
Oughter, Loch, LoA OA'ter, I Ir. 
Oundle, Un'del, t Eng , 3. 
Ouro Preto, (B'ro Pra-to, c Brazil, 8. 
Ouse, (Dz, r Eng. 
Outagamie, CO-ta-ga-me, co Wis. 
Ovada, (0-vq-dq, t Piedmont, 6%. 
Ovar, O-vq/ 1 , t Portugal, 5. [phon. 
Ovari, O-vq-re, Bay of, inlet on is. Ni- 
Overflakkee, C)'ver-flqk-a, * Neth. 
Overyssel, O'ver-j-sel, />/wNeth.; area, 

1,312 s. m., pop. 227,683. 
Ovid, O'vid, o N-Y., 1. 
Oviedo, O-vi-a-do, e Sp., 9J^. 
Owasco, (Q-wos-ko,) Lake, N-Y. 
Owego, O-wE-gia, co t N-Y., 4. 
Owenborough, Ci'en-bur-o, v Ky., 13^. 
Owen's Lake, Cal. 
Owenton, O'en-ton, co t Ky. 
Owingiville. Q'irjz-vil, co t Ky. 
Oxford, Oks'ford, c Eng., 23; co is N. 

C., Miss., Ind.; vs Mass., N-Y., Md.. 

Ga., 0. 

Oxus or Araoo, rs Gen. Asia, 1300. 
Oyapok, Q-yq-pok, r S. Am., 180 m, 
Oyounax, Q-yo-nq. t Fr.. 3J^'. 
Oyster' Bay, tJVter Ba, N-Y.. 7. 
Ozark, Q-zqrk, co t Ark.; v Mo.; m 

Ark., and Mo. 

Ozaukee, Q-z3-ks, co and co t Wis. 
Ozieri, O-zi-a-re, t is. of Sardinia, 8, 
Ozorkow, O-za/'-kov, t Poland, 5. 




Pabba, Pab-a, Hebrides, %. 
Paeaja, Pq-kq-jq, r Brazil, 150 m. 
Pacajes, Pq-kq-Acs, r and m Bolivia. 
Pachacaina, Pq-c,q-kq-mq, v Peru. 
Paciieco. Pq-tja-kb). t Sp., 5. 
Pachitea, Pq-c,i-ta-q, r Peru, 200 m. 
Pacliucaca, Pq-qo>-kq-kq, r Peru, 1:JO in. 
1'acific Ocean, Pa-sif-ik Q'/an, the 
largest division of water on the globe. 
Paco, Pq-ko, v is. Luzon, 6)^. 
Pacora, Pq-ko-rq, r Isthmu-' I 'ana ma. 

Paderborn, Pq-der-bum, t Prus., 8%. 
Padron, Pq-dron, t Sp., 6. . 

Padstow, Pad-sto, s-pt t Eng., 2>^. 
Padua, Pad-yq-a, ft c Aus. It., 60. 
Paducah, Pa-dti,-ka, co t Ky., 3. 
Padula, Pq-dcb-lq, t Naples, 8. 
Paejajne, Pa-ya-na, I Finland, 90 by 20. 
Puete, Pq-a-ta, v Philippines, 3y A . 
Pago, Pq-go, i Dahnatia, Adriatic, 5. 
Pag.saujan, Pqg-sqn-jqn, Phil. Is., 4%. 
Paiiang, Pq-hqj), tit -Malay Pen., 40. 
Pah Utah, Pq Ytfj-tq, ind trTor. Utah. 
Puimboeuf, Pah-baf, t Fr., 4%. 
Painesville, Panz-vil, co t 0., 3^. 
Painswick, Panz-wik, t aud par Eng., 

Painted Post, v N-Y., 1>. 
Paintville, co t Ky. 
Paisley, Paz-li. hurt/ and t Scot., 48. 
Paks, PokJ, t Hun., 8%. 
Palanpore. Pql-an-pdir, t Hind., 30. 
Palatine, Pil-a-tjn, v Va. 
Palawan, Pq-lq-wqn, i Malay Arch. 
Palazzuolo, Pq-lqt-sd)-6-lo, t Sic., 8%. 
Paleinbang, Pq-lem-bqg, t Sumatra, 25. 
Palencia, Pq-len-te-q, c Sp., 11%. 
Palermo, Pq-ler-mo,/^ c Sicily, 167J/. 
Palestine, Pal-es-tjn, anc. cy in s. w. 

Asia; area, 1 1,000 s. in.; oo is Tex., 

III.; f O., Ind. 

Palestrina, Pq-les-tre-nq, c Italy, 4%. 
Palhanpoor, Pql-hqn-pd>r,/< t Hind., 30. 
Palk's (Peks.) Strait, bet. Ceylon and 

Palina, Pql-mq. ft t of the Balearic Is., 

40)^.; te Sicily, 8; Naples, 6; Sp., :% 

i Canary Islands, 33. \*>/4' 

Palma del Bio, Pql-mq del R6-Q, t Sp., 
Palmar, Pql-inq>, t Sp., 6. 
Palme, Pqlm, la'j'ton of Fr. 
Palmer, Pqm-er, v Mass., 4. 
Palmer Depot, IH-po, Mass. 
Palmetto, Pal-met-o, r and v Ga. 
P^lmi,. Pql-mi, c Nap., 6]^. 

Palmyra, Pal-mj-ra, anc. e of Syrian 

Desert; co tg Va., Mo., 2; t* N-Y., 3; 

0., Mich., Wis. 
Palo Alto, Pq-lo fll'to, battle-field, 

Mex.: co Iowa; r Ga., Miss., Iowa. 
Pake, Pql-ta, I East Thibet. 
Painiers, Pq-me-a, t Fr., 7%. 
Pamlico, Pam-li-ku), r N. C. 
Pamlico Sound, e. coast of N. Carolina. 
Pampas, Pqtn-pqs, plaint S. Am.; area, 

l,62i>,000 s. in. 
Pampas del Sacramento, Sq-krq-me'n- 

to, plains of Peru; area, 6U,000 s. m. 
Pamplona, Pqin-plii-nq, ft t Sp., 11; 

t New Granada, '&%. 
Panama, I'un-a-mq, s-pt c N-Gran., 6; 

Isthmus of, connecting land bet. N. 

and S. America. 

Panaon, Pq-nq-6n, Philippine Is. 
Panay, Pq nj, Philippine Is. 
Pancsova, Pqn-qo-vo, ft t Hun., 11 5^. 
Pandacan, Pqn-dq-kqn, v Phil., 4%. 
Pangansane, Pq\j-gqn-san, i Mai. Arch. 
Panola, Pa-no-la, co t Miss., %. 
l j antar, Pqn-tqr, Malay Arch. 
Pantellaria, Pqn-tel-q-re-q, i Nap., 5. 
Paola, Pq-o-lq, c Naples, 5. 
Paoli, Pa-u-li, Pa.; co t Ind. 
Paoo, P4-<i> Fejee island, Pac. Oc. 
Papa, Pq-po, t Hun.. 16)^. [Am. 

Papagaj^o, Pq-pq-gi-u, g and rol Cen. 
Papandayang, Pq-pqn-dq-yqjj, v</l Java. 
Papa-Stour, Pa-[Ki-Stii>r, Shetland ', %, 
Papinsville, Pa-pinz-vil, co t Mo. 
Papua, Pap-CD-a, t/r New Guinea, i bet. 

Asiatic Seas and Pac. Oc.; area 250,- 

000 s. m., inhabited by Malays and 

Papuans. [Brazil, 10. 

Para, Pq-rq, r S. Am., 200 m.; s-pt c 
Paragatu, Pq-rq-sq-UJb, r and c Brazil. 
Paradise, Par-a-dis, v PH., 2. 
Paragau, Pq-rq-g*, Bol., Yen. 
Paraguacu,Pq-rq-gwq-sda,r Bra., 260m. 
Paraguaua, Pq-rq-gwq-nq. pen, S. Am. 
Paraguay, Pq-rq-gwa, ft S. A in.; area 

84,000 s. in., pop. 1,000,000 ; r do., 

1600 in. 

Parahiba, Pq-rq-e-bq, c Bra., 15. 
Parahiba-do-Sul, Pq-rq-B-bq-du-So>l, r 

Bra., 500 m. 

Parahitinga, Pq-rq-E-tin-gq, t Bra., 4. 
Paramaribo, Par-a-mar-i-bu, cap t D. 

Guiana, 20. [4%. 

Paramatta, Par-a-mit-a, t N-S. \\ alus, 
Pararaoosheer, Pq-rq- ma-Jer, Koorilo 

i, area 120 a. m. 



Parana, Pq-rq-nq, r S. Am., 2000 m. 
Paranagua, Pq-rq-nq-gwq, t Bra., 7. 
Piinina-Iba, Pq-rq-nq-8'bq, ?'Bra.500ui, 
Paranpeba, Pq-rqn-pa-bq, r Bra. ,250 m. 
Parati, Pq-rq-te, s-pt t Bra., 10. 
Piirehim, Pq/'A-im, t Ger., 6j^. 
Parcipany, Par-sip-a-ni, v N-J., %. 
Pardo, Pq/'-dQ, r Bra., 280 in. 
Paredon, Pq-ra-don, i W. Ind. [Ven. 
Paritna, Sierra, Ss-er-q Pq-re-mq, ms 
Pariiiacochtis, Pq-ri-nq-kw-qqs, 1 Peru. 
Paris, Par-is, (Fr. Pq-re, ) metropolis 

and cap of France; pop. 1,053,262; co 

is Me. 3, Ky. 2>.<, Tenn., Tex., 111., 

Mo.; v C. W., 2>. 
Parisburg, Par-is-burg, co t Va. 
Parita, Pq-re-tq, </ Gen. Am.: ^ N-Gran. 
Parkersburg, Pqrk-erz-burg, co t Va., 
Parkesburg, Pqrks-burg, v Pa., %, \3%. 
Park man, Pqrk-inan, v 0.. IJxJ. 
Parkville, Pqrk-vil, t Mo., 1. [Mich. 
Parma, Pqr-ina, c It., 41 ; N-Y. 3, 
Paruahiba. Pqr-nq-e-bq,-r Bra., 750 m. 
Parnassus, Pqr-nas-us, col. m Greece. 
Paropamisan, Pq-ro-pq-mi-sqn, ms Afg. 
Pares, Pa-ros, i Grecian Arch., 6. 
Partenico, Pqr-ten-i-ko, c Sic., 11. 
Parthenay, Pqr-te-na, t Fr., 5. 
Partick, Pqr-tik, e Scot., 2%. 
Paru, Pq-rcb, r Bra., 350 m. 
Paruro, Pq-rcb-ro, t Peru. 
Pascagoula, Pas-ka-gct>-la, r and b Miss. 
Pasco, Pqs-ko, t Peru, 12. 
Pasooag, Pas-kw-ag, v R. I., Y^. 
Pascuaro, Pqs-kwq-ro, t Mex., 6. 
Pas-de-Calais, Pq-de-Kq-la, dep Fr. 
Pasewalk, Pq-ze-vqlk, t Prus., 5%. 
Pasman. Pqs-mqn, i of Dalmatia. 
Paspaya, Pqs-pj-q, r Bol., 200 m. 
]';isquotank, Pas-ko-tapk, r N. C. 
Passaic, Pa-sa-ik. r N-J., 100 m. 
Passamaquoddy (Pas -a- ma - kwod-i) 

Bay, s. e. Me. 

Passau, Pqs-'s, ft t Bav., 10^. 
Passoeroean, Pq-soa-roo-qn, prov Java; 

pop. 310,000. 

Passy, Pq-se, t Fr., 11^. 
Pastaza, Pqs-t^-sq, r S. Am., 400 m. 
Paste, Pqs-to, t S. Am., 7. 
Patagonia, Pq-tq-g6-ni-a, din S. Am.; 

area 350,00tt s.m., inhabited only by 


Patak, P6-tok, t Hun., 5. 
Patapseo, Pa-taps-ko, r Md., 80 m. 
Patchoguc, Pat-qiig, N-Y. 
Paterno, Pq-ter-ncfi, c Sic., 11. 
Paterson, Pat-er-son, c N-J., 17J^. 
Path-Head, Pdt-Hed. t Scot., 4. 
Patia, Pq-ti-q, r N-Gran., 200 m. 

Patmos, Pat-mos, i As. Minor, 4. 
Patna. Pat-na, c Hin., 285. 
Patoka, Pa-to-ka, crtek and la. 
Patos, Pq-tos, I Bra. 
Patras, Pq-trqs, g-pt t Greece, 8. 
Patterson, Pat-er-tson, tt N-Y., Pa., O. 
Pattersonville, Pat-er-son-vil, u Lti., %. 
Patti, Pq-te, e Sic., 5. 
Paturages, Pq-te-rqj, t Belg., b%. 
Patuxent. Pa-tiiks-ent, r Md., 90 m. 
Patzum, Pqt-scbin, / (unit., 5/^. 
Pau, Po, t Fr., 16}^. 
Paucartambo, Ps-kq/'-tqin-bo, t Peru, 

17; r do., 300 m. 
Paulding, Pel-dii), co t Miss. 
Paulina, Pe-le-na, v N-Y. 
Pavia, Pq-ve q, c Aus. It., 28^. 
Pavlovo, Pqv-16-vo, t Rus., 8. 
Pawcatuck, Po-ka-tuk, T and t R. I. 
Paweea, Pq-we-a, t Guinea, 16. 
Pawlet, Po-let, v Vt., 2. 
Pawpaw, Pe-pe, r and v Mich., 1J^. ' 
Pawtucket, Pe-tdk-et, / R. I. and Mass., 

10; r N-Eng. [l-%. 

Pawtuxet, Po-tiiks-et, r and v R. 1., 
Paxo, Paks-o. Ionian ', 5^- 
Paxton, Paks-ton, Mass., %. 
Payta, Pj-tq. *-/>/ t Peru, 5. 
Peabody (Pe-bod-i) Bay, Greenland. 
Peace (Pes) River, Br. N. Am.. 1100 m. 
Pearl (Perl) Islands, of N-Gran. 
Pearl River, Miss., 250 m. 
Pe-Chee-Lee, Pa-Kg-le, inlet Yel. Sea. 
Peckham, Pek-am, t Eng., 19>^. 
Pecos, Pa-kos, r N-Mex., 700 m. 
Pedee. Pe-dg, (Great and Little,) r 

S. C. 

Pedraza, Pa-dr4-sq, t Ven., 3J^. 
Peebles, Pt-blz, i! Scot., 2%. 
Peekskill, Peks-kil, t) N-Y., 2^. 
Peel, Pel, -;i< t Isle of Man, 2>. 
Peel River, Br. N. Am. 
Pegau, Pa-gx, * Sax., 3^. 
Pego, Pa-go, t Sp., 5>^. 
Pegu, Pe-gi, (^ India, 70 ; c do. 
Peipus w Peipous, Pa-e-po>s, I Rus. 
Pekatonica, Pek-a-ton-i-ka, r Wis. and 

111.; p a 111. 

Pekin, Ps-kin, vt N-Y., 111. 2. 
Pekipg, Pg-kin, or Pekin, Pe-kin, cap e 

China, pop. 2,000,000. [4. 

Pelestrina, Pa-les-tre-nq, ' and t N. It., 
Pelew (Pe-lq,) Islands, Caroline if, N. 

Pac. Oo. 

Pelham, Pel-ham, vt N-H., N-Y. 
Pellew (Pel-q,) Islands, of Australia. 
Pelworm, Pe'1-vorm, i of Den., 2. 
Pemadumcook, Pem-a-ddm-kiak, I Me. 
Pemba, Pem-ba, t Af. 
Peuaberton, Pein-ber-ton, r N-J.%, O, 



Pombina, Pe'm-bi-na, I and co Mln. 
Pembroke, Pem-bruk, t-pt t S. Wales; 

f N-H., Mass. 

Pemigewasset, Pem-i-je-wos-et, r N-H. 
Peinisoot, Pein-i-skot, I Mo. 
Penang, Pe-nag, or Prince of Wales' 

J-iaud, on Strait of Malacca, -I-!. 1 i . 
Penchant, Pen-Jqnt, bayou La. 
Pendleton, Pe'n-dl-ton, r Eng. 14J4, la. 
Penedo, Pa-na-do, c Bra., 14. 
Penha, Pen-yq, Bra., 1. 
Penicuick, Peu-i-kek, burgh Scot., 3. 
penjinsk, Pen-jinsk, </ Siberia. 
Penkridge, Pen-krij, Eng., 3J^. 
Pennar, Pen-q>, r India, 270 m. 
Pennington, Pen-irj-ton, v N-J., J^. 
Penniston, Pen-is-tpn, t Eng., 6j4. 
Penn's Cove, Penz Kcav, co t Wash. Ter. 
Pennsgrove, Penz-grov, v X-J. 
Pennsylvania, Pen-sil-va-ni-a, one of 

the original U. S., second in popula- 
tion; area 46,001) s. in.; pop., in 18.50, 
. 2,311,786: 2,258,160 whites, 53,626 

colored; in 1856, 2,496,728. 
Penn Yan, Pen Yan, v N-Y., 2%. 
Penobscot, Pe-nob-skot, r Me., '600 m. 
Penrhyn ' v Pen-rin) J.-lands, Pac. Oc. 
Penrith. Pe'n-rit. (often Ps-rit,) i and 

par Eng., 6%. 

Penryn, Pen-rin, bar and t Eng., 4. 
Pensacola, Peu-sa-ku-la, co t Fa., 2%; 
Pensaukee, Pen-so-ke, r Wis. [b 1'a. 
J'ensnett, Pens-net, v Eng., 5. 
Pentland Frith, Pent-land Frit, sound 

bet. Scot, and Orkney Islands. 
Penza, Pen-zq, qov lius.; area 14,768 

s. ui., pop. 1,058,444: c of same, 10}^. 
Penzance, Pen-zans, lor and t-pt t 
Peoria, Pe-6-ri-a, c 111., 18. [Eng., 9^. 
Peppurell, P^p-er-el, t? Mass., 1%. 
Pequot, Pe-kwot, Conn., Wis. 
Perekop, Pa-ra-kop, ttt lius. Crimea. 
Percslavl, Per-a-slq,v-l, t lius., 7. 
Perigueux, Pa-re-ge, < Fr., 13)^. 
l^erleberg, Per-la-be^/t, < Prus., 6J^. 
Perm, Perm, i lius., 10. 
Pernagoa, Pe;--nq-gii-q, t Bra., 4. 
Pernau, Pe/'-n*, *-/>^ < Hus., 9. 
Peros Banhos, Pa-rws Bqn-yos, is Cha- 

gos Arch., hid. Oc. 
Perote, Pa-r6-ta, t Mex. 
Perpignan, Per-pen-yoh, t Fr., 21%. 
Perry, Pe'r-i, 'cot (ia., 1J4; f N-Y. 3, 

111. %, Pa. 

Perryopolis, Per-i-dp-o-lis, D Pa. 
Perrysburg, l j er-iz-burg, v 0., 1%. 
Pcrrysville, Per-iz-vil, w Pa., 0. 
Perryville, Per-i-vil, co ts Miss., Ark.; 

v* N-J., Pa., Ial. [cap Persia. 
Pen&polis, Per-sep-o-lis, aiie. ruiued 

Pershore, Per-for, t Eng., 2%. 
Persia, i'^r-ji-a, cy Asia; area 450,000 

s. m., pop. 11,299,500. 
Persian (Per-/an) Gulf, arm Ind. Oo. 
Perth, Pert, c Scot., 22%; t C. W., 2; 

die and cap W. Australia. 
Perth Amboy, Pert Aui-btr, v N-J., 2. 
Peru, Pe-rob, rep S. Aui., comprising 

eleven departments; area 370.000 s. 

m., pop. 2,279,085; co t la., 1%; f 

III. 3, N-Y., 0., Ac. 

Perugia, Pa-rrf-jq, I and c Cen. It., 18%. 
Peruwels, Pa-re-vels, tf Belg., 1%. 
Pesaro, Pes-a-r<a, ^ Cen. It., 12. 
Pescadores, Pes-kq-dw-res, is of Peru; 

N. Pac. Oc. 

Peshawer, PeJ--8-er, c Afg., 50. 
Pesth, Pest, j'r c Hun., 100. 
Petclienegue, Peq-neg, t lius., 7. 
Petchora, Peq-o-rq, / Kus., 900 m. 
Peten, Pa-ten, I and i Guatemala. 
Peterborough, Ps-ter-bur-o, c Eng., 

8%; cot C. W., 2)4; t' N-H., 2%. 
Peternead, Pe-ter-hed, -/> i Scot., 5. 
Petersburg, Pe-terz-burg, ts Ya. 1J, 

Pa. I; co ts la., III.; v Ky.. >. 
Petersfield, Pe-terz-feld, bw Eng., 5J^. 
Peterwardein, Pe-ter-wor-djn, cap t 

Slavonia, 4. 
Petit-Canal, Pc-te-Kq-n^I, t island of 

Guadeloupe, 7%. 

Petra, Pe-tru, anc. c Arabia Pctraca. 
Petroiuiulovski, Pa-tro-p'S-lov-ske, cap 

t Kuuitchatka, 1. 

Petrovacz, Pn-taj-vqts, v Hun., 5%. 
Petrovoszelo, Pu-tro-vo-sa-lo, *' llun., 
Putrovsk, Pa-trovsk, t Hus., 7. [5J^. 
Petrozavodsk, Pa-tro-zq-vodsk, jt t 

lius., 8. 

Pctsh, Peg, < Eu. Tur., 12. 
Petworth, Peb-wurt, t Eng., 2J. 
Petzka, Pets-Aq, < Hun., 13}. 
Peveragno, Pa-vn-r^n-yo, t It., 6. 
Pewaukee, Pe-wo-ke, v and I Wis. 
Peyster, Pj-ster, t Pac. Oc. 
Pezenas, Pa-za-n4, t Fr., 7%. [7J^. 
Pforzheim, Pio/'ts-hjm, anc. c Baden, 
Phatuka, Fq-t<6-kq, t Br. Ind., 12. 
Pheng-Iloo, Ferj-Hin, i China Sea. 
Philadelphia, Fil-a-del-fi-a, c Pa., and 

second in the U.S., 408%; cot Miss.; 

i-s N-Y., la., fcc. [3%. Belg. 

Philippevillo, Fe-lep-vel,// /# Algeria 
Philippi, Fi-lip-j, f in ruins, Eu. Tur.; 

co t Va. 
Philippine (Fil-ip-en) Islands, a group 

in the N. Malay Arch., comprising 

1200 islands, of which Luzon, Min- 
danao and Palawan are the principal; 

area 120,000 s. in., pop. 5,000,000. 



Philipsburg, Fil-ips-burg, rs N-J., Pa., 
Philipsville, Fil-ips-vil, v N-Y., t. [0. 
Phocsea, Fui-SE-a, s-pt t As. Minor, 4. 
Phoenix, Fe-niks, v N-Y. 
Phoenixville, Fe-niks-vil, v Pa., 3. 
Phookok, FcD-kok, i Gulf of Siam. 
Piaceuza, Pt:-q-c,en-zq, ft c N. It., 30. 
Piana, Pe-q-nq, t Sic., 5. 
Piusina, Pe-q-se-nq. I and r Sib., 250 m. 
Piauhi, P8--8-8, r Bra., 300 m. 
Piavozero, Pe-q-VQ-za-ro, I Rus. 
Piazza, Pe-qt-sq, c Sic., 16^. 
Pichiucha, Pe-qin-qq, vol S. Am. 
Pickaway, Pik-a-wa, co 0. [C. 

Pickens (Pik-enz) Court-House, cot S. 
Pickering, Pik-cr-iy, t Eng., 2%. 
Pico, Pe-ko, Azores At. Oe., 36. 
Picton, Pik-ton, c t C. W., 1%. 
Pictou, Pik-tdi, s-pt t Nova Scotia. 
Piedimonte, Pe-a-di-mon-ta, t Nap., 

Piedmont (Pgd-mont) Principality, cy 

Eu.: area 11,913 s. m., pop. 2,134,152; 
Pielis, Pe-a-lis, I Finland. [v Va. 
Piermont, Ptr-mont, v N-Y., 1%. 
Pierpont, Per-pont, v 0. 
Pierre Bayou, Pe-4r BJ-ID, stream, Miss. 
Pierrepont Manor, Per-pont, Man-or, v 

N-Y. [8#. 

Pietraperzia, Pc-a-trq-pe'rd-ze-q, t Sic., 
Pietro-in-Ualatina, Pe-a-trcD-in-Kq-lq- 

tg-nq, t Nap., 7%. 

Pig Island, i S. Pac. Oc. [ft. 

Pike's (Pjks) Peak, Rocky Mts., 11,497 
Piketon, Pjk-ton, co t 0., %; v la. 
Pikeville, Pjk-vil, cots Ky., Tenn., Ala. 
Pilao Arcado, Pg-lsh flr-kq-do, t Bra., 
Pilatka, Pi-lat-ka, co t Fa. [5. 

Pilaya, Pe-lj-q, ? S. Am., 300 m. [in. 
Pilcomayo, Pil-ko-mj-o, r S. Am., 1000 
Pilsen, Pil-sen. t Boh., 9%. 
Pinckney, Pirjk-ni, v Mich., %. 
Pinckneyville, Pirjk-ni-vil, co t 111. 
Pine Bluff, Pjn Bluf, co t Ark., %. 
Pinega, Pe-na-gq, r Rus., 290 m. 
Pine Plains, i> N-Y. 
Pinerolo, Pe-na-rol-o, t Sard ; S., 13>^. 
Pinos, Pe-nas, * Caribbean Sea. 
Pinsk, Pinsk, t Rus., b%. 
Piqua, Pik-wa, t 0., 4. 
Pirahi, Pe-rq-hs, t Bra., 3. 
Pirano, Pe-rq-no, f-pt t Istria, 61^, 
Pi rate ( Pj-rat "I Islands. Gulf of Tonquin. 
Piratinim, Pe-rq-te-npn, t Bra., 3-%. 
Pirmasens, Pi;'-mq-sents, t Rhen. Bav., 
Pirna, Pir-nq, ft t Sax., 6. [5%. 

Piron, Pe-ron, * Louisiada Arch. 
Pir-Panjal, Per-Pqn-jql, ms bet. Cash- 

inere and Punjab. 
Pisa, Pg-zq, c Tus., 22. 

Piscataqua,Pis-kat-a-kwa, River, N-H. 

Piscataquis, Pis-kat-a-kwis^and coMe, 

Piseataway, Pis-kat-a-wa, vs N-J., Md. 

Pisek, Ps-sek, t Boh., 5>^. 

Pisgah, Piz-ga, anc. in Pal.: v Iowa. 

Pistiuci. Pis-te-qe, t Nap., 6%. 

Pistoja,' Pis-toJ-yq, t Tus., 12jxJ. 

Pitcairn ( Pit-kq,rn ) Island, Pac. Oc., J^. 

Pitcher, Piq-er, v N-Y., \}4- 

Pitic, Pg-tik, t Mex., 5. 

Pitt's Archipelago, Pac. Oc. 

Pittsborough, Pits-bur-o, co t N. C. 

Pittsburg, Pits-burg, c Pa., 46%; vs la., 
Mo., Iowa. 

Pittsfield, Pits-feld, t Mass., 6>; co t 
111.; v Pa. 

Pittsford, Pits-ford, vs Vt., N-Y. 

Pittston, Pits-ton, vs Me. 3, Pa. 2. 

Pizzo, Pit-so, c Nap., 5%. 

Placentia, Pla-sen-Ji-a, s-pt t New- 
foundland ; Bay, inlet, do. 

Placer, Plq-sq,r or Pla-ser, co Cal. 

Placerville, Pla-ser-vil, Cal., 5%. 

Plainfield, Pldn-feld, vs Vt. %, Coun., 
N-J. 2, la, 

Plainville, Plan-vil, rs R. I., Conn., 0. 

Plaquemine, Plak-inen, bayou, par and 
v La. 

Plasencia, Plq-sen-6i-q, c Sp., 6^. 

Plata, La, Lq Plq-tq, (or the Argen- 
tine Republic, )rep S. Am. (Consisting 
of the provinces of Buenos Ayres, 
Santa Fe, Entre Rios, Corrientes, 
Cordova, La Rio.ja, Santiago del Es- 
tero, Tucuman, Catamarca, Salta and 
Jujuy, San Luis, Mendoza, San Juan; 
area 820,000 s. m., pop. 820,000. 

Platte, Plat, r tributary to Mo. River, 
1200 m.; also rs Iowa, Wis. 

Platte City, co t Mo., %. 

Platte villo, Plat-vil, * Wis., 1^. [Mo. 

Plattsburg, Plats-burg, co ts N-Y. 5%, 

Plauen, PlS-en, t Sax., 10%. 12^. 

Pleasant Valley, Plez-ant Val-i, V N- Y., 

Pleasant View, Vij,, * la. 

Pleschen, PleJ-en, t Prus., 5. 

Plesse, Ples-e, t Prus. Silesia, 3^. 

Plock, Plotsk, c Poland, 6. 

Ploermel, Plo-er-inel, t Fr., 8>^. 

Ploeuc, Plo-ek, v Fr., 6. 

Plouaret, Ploo-q-ra, Fr., 5^. 

Plover, Pluv-er, v \Vis., %. 

Plumb (Plum) Island, coast of Mass.; 
also in Long Island Sound. 

Plymouth, Plirn-uf>, bor and s-pt t Eng., 
62J; co ts Mass. 6>. N. C., la.; vt 
Pa. 1%, 0., Mich., Wis.; Sound, 
inlet of Eng. Channel. 

Po, Po, r It.. 340 m. [v 111. 

Pocahontas, Po-ka-hon,-tas, co t Ark.; 



Pocklington, P6k-lirj-ton, t and par 

Eng., 2%. 

Pocouioke, Po-ko-mok, r and 6 Md. 
Podgoritza, Pod-go-rit-sq, t Eu. Tur., 6. 
Point-a-Pitre, La, Lq Pwant-q-Pet-r, t 

island of Guadeloupe, 12^. 
Point Commerce, Pernt K6m-ers, v la. 
Pointe Coupee, Pernt Koo-pg, par and 

v La. 

Point Isabel, Iz'a-bel, TS Tex., Ky. 
Point Pleasant, co t Va.; r 0., Mo. 
Poirino, Par-re-no, t It., 5%. 
Poitiers, Per-terz, t Fr., 29^. 
Poland, Pa-land, a former k of Cen. 

Eu., now divided between Has., Aus. 

and Prus.; area 284,000 3. m., pop. 

11,000,000; v N-Y., 0. 1J4. 
Polar Regions, P6-lar Re-jonz, ter 

about the n. and a. poles. 
Polar Sea, (Northern,) Arctic Ocean; 

(Southern,) Antarctic Ocean. 
Policandro, rol-i-kqn-dna, Grecian 

Arch., 4. 

Policastro, Po-li-kojs-tro, t Nap., 7. 
Poligny, Po-kn-ye, t Fr., 5%. [m. 
Polillo, Po-lil-<a, Philippine *, 30 by 20 
Polk, Peak, cos U. S. 
Pollenza, Pol-en-zq, t is. Majorca, 6%. 
Pollocksbaws, Pol-ok-Joz, t Scot., 6. 
Polochic, Po-lo-qek, r Guat., 120 m. 
Polotzk, Po-16tsk, t Rus. Poland, 9. 
Poltava, Pol-tq-va, c Rus., 20. 
Polynesia, Pol-i-ne-Ji-a, numerous is 

Pac. Oc.: united pop. 1,500,000. 
Pomerania, Pom-e-ra-ni-a, prov Prus.; 

area 12,304 s. m., pop. 1,197,701. 
Pomeroy, Pum-rer, co t 0., 4. 
Pomfret, Pom-fret, v Conn., 2. 
Pomigliano D'Arco, Po-uiEl-y^-no- 

Dqr-ko, t Nap., 6. [Mp. 

Pomme de Terre (Pom de Tajr) River, 
Pomona, Po-m6-na, Orkney i, 16}^. 
Pompeii, Pom-pe-yj or Pom-pa-ye, anc. 

ruined c It. 
Pondicherry, Pon-di-Je>-, cap French 

settlements in India, 40. 
Ponta Delgada, P6n-tq Del-gq-dq, t 

Azores Islands, 22. [1%. 

Pont-a-Mousson,Pont-q-M(D-st>n, v Fr., 
Pont-Audemer, Poh-Q-de-mqr, t Fr. 
Pontchartrain ( Pon-Jar-tran ) Lake, 

La., 40 by 24 m. 

Pontecorvo, Pon-ta-k6r-v6, t It., b\- 
Pontefraot, P6m-fret, bor and t Eng., 


Pontevedra, Pon-ta-va-drq, t Sp., 4)^. 
Pontevico, Pon-ta-ve-ko, t Lorn., 5. 
Pontiac, P6n-ti-ak, co ts Mich., 2%; 111. 
Pontianak, Pon-ti-q-n^k, Dutch c of 

Borneo, I'J.'i. 

Pontifical ( Pon-tif-i-kal ) or Papal 
States, central portion Italian Pen- 
innula, of twenty divisions; area 17,- 
210, pop. 3,006,771. 

Pontivy, Poh-te-ve, t Fr., 5. 

Pontoise, Pun-tw^z, t Fr., 5%. 

Pontoosuck, Pon-UD-suk, r Miiss., 111. 

Pontotoc, Pon-to-tok, co and n, t Mi.-)*. 

Pont-Saint-Esprit. Pan-Saiit-Es-pre, t 
Fr., b}4. 

Pontypool, Pon-ti-pcol, t Eng., 3%. 

Ponza, P6n-zq, is Med. Sea, 1%. [10. 

Pooching-IIien, Pott-qifl-IIe-^n, t Chi., 

Poole, Ptfl, bor and I Eng., 9^. 

Poona, Pd>-na, c Br. Ind., 86. 

Poor or Pur, Pa>r, r Sib., 200 m. 

Poorbunder, Pa>r-bun-der, t Hind. 

Pootivl, PiD-tev-1', t Rus., 9. 

Pooto, P<JE>-to, pop. i coast of China. 

Popayan, Po-pq-yo^n, c S. Am., 20. 

Poperinghe, Po-per-anA, t Belg., 10)^. 

Poplar Plains, t> Ky., J/. 

Popocatepetl, Po-po-kq-ta-p6t-l, vol 
Mex., 17,720 ft. 

Popo Great, P6-po Grat, t Guinea, 5. 

Popo Isles, Malay Arch. 

Poppi, P6p-E, t Tus., 5%. 

Porcuna, Pw-kio-nq, t Sp., 5J^. 

Pordenone, Por-da-nci-na, t Aus. It., 5. 

Poros, P6-ros, pop. i Gr. 

Port Adelaide, Ad'e-lad, t S. Aust.,10. 

Port Adown, Port A-d'sn, t Ir. 3. 

Portaferry, Port-a-fer-i, s-pt t Ir., 2. 

Portage, Pcirt-ag, f la., 1^. 

Portage City, en t Wis., 2. '. . 

Portalegre, Por-tq-ld-gra, t Port., 5^. 

Portarlington, Port-4r-lirj-ton,< Ir., 2%. 

Port Au Prince, Port-e-Prins, cap o 
Hayti, 20. 

Port Byron, Bj-ron, v N-Y., 1}. 

Port Carbon, Kqr-bon, bor Pa., 3. 

Port Chester, fes-ter, -v N-Y. 

Port Clinton, Klin-ton, co t 0. 

Port Dalhoozee, Dal-hifc-ze, ' C. W. 

Port Deposit, De-p6z-it, r Md. 

Port Discovery, co t Washington Ter. 

Port Elizabeth, s-pt t S. Af., 4; fN-J., 1. 

Port Gibson, v Misg., 1. [Scot., 7. 

Port Glasgow. Glas-go, Imrgh and t 

Port Hope, t Upper Canada. 2%. 

Port Hudson, Hdd-son, La., J^. 

1'ort Huron, Hi^-ron, v Mich., 4. 

Portici, P6r-te-ce, t Nap., 5. 

Port Jefferson, Je"f-er-son, r 0., %. 

Port Jervis, Jer-vis, N-Y. 

Port Kennedy, Ken-e-di, Pa., J. 

Portland (Purt-land) Isle of, pen and 
par Eng., 5>^; c Me., 22^; c Or., 6- 
\; co t la.; w Conn., Ala., Ky., 
Mich., Mo. 



Portlaw, Port-lo, t Ir., 3%. 

Port Leon, Le-on, pt entry Fa. 

Port Louis, L(-is, car* t Is. Mauritius, 
' 35; t Guadeloupe, 4%. 

Port Mahon. Mq-hon,/< t Sp., 13^. 

Portneuf, Port-nef, co and v C. E. 

Porto Alegre, Po/'-to H-la-gra, c Bra., 
12; * do. 4. [har S. Am. 

Porto Atacames, Ptar-to fl-tq-kq-mes, 

Porto Bello, Piir-to Bel-o, s-pt t Scot., 
3%: <N-Gran.: t Bra. 

Porio Ferrago, Por-to Fer-4-y<a, cap t 
Elba, Tuscany, 4J^. 

Port-of-Spain, W. Ind., cap I*. Trin- 
idad, 11%. [Verd Is. 

Porto Praya, Por-to Prj-q. t Cape 

Porto Rico, Por-to Rs-ko, W. Ind. Is., 
area 2580 s. m.; pop. 500,000, 50,000 
being slaves. [Is., 6. 

Porto Santo, Pi&r-to Sqn-to, Madeira 

Port Philip, Fil-ip, & Aust. 

Port Royal, Rtr-al, ft t Jam.; Va., %. 

Portsea (Piirt.-se) Island, coast of Eng., 
pop. 72,126. 

Portsmouth, Ports-mut, bor and s-pt t 
Eng., 72; c N-IL, 11; s-pt and naval 
depot Va., 8%; co t O., 5; v Mich. 

Portsoy, P<art-s<r, s-pt t Scot., 2. 

Port Tobacco, To-bak-o, co t Md. 

Portugal, P6r-tq,-gal,. k Eu., area 35,- 
268 s. m.; pop. 3,471,203. fm. 

Portuguesa, Por-tco-ga-sq, r Ven., 200 

Port Washington, v 0., %; co t Wis., 

Port William, v Scot,, %. [2%. 

Posega, Pu-Ja-gq, t Aus., 6-%. d 

Posen, P6-zen, c Prus., 32; Grand 
Duchy, polish prov Prus.; area 12,243, 
s. m., pop. 1,352.014. 

Possneck, Pes-nek, t Cen. Ger., 3%. 

Potawatamips, Pot-a-wot-a-miz, tr In- 
dians, n. la. 

Poteau (Po-to) River, Ark. 

Potenci, Po-ten-je, r Bra. 

Polenza, Po-ten-zq, t Naples, 12}/. 

Poti, Po-te, r Brazil, 200 in. 

Potomac, Po-to-mak, r Va., 350 m. 

Potosi, Po-to-SE, dep Bol.; c do. 16%. 

Potosi, Po-to-si, 'co t Mo.; t Wis.; 2^. 

Potsdam, Pots-dqm. (fov and c Prus., 
38; Pots-dam, v N-Y., 2^. 

Pottstown, Pots-tun, birr Pa., 2. 

Pottsville, Pots-vil, < Pa., 10. 

Poughkeepsie, Po-kip-se, c N-Y., 15 ; 
v la. 

Pouinipete, Pwe-ni-pet, t Pac. Oc., 2. 

Ponltney, Piilt-ni, v Vr. 2^. 

Poulton, Pol-ton, t Eng., 7^. 

Poviglio, Po-vel-yo, t It., 1^. 

Povoa de Meadas, PO-VO-CI da Ma-4- 
dqs, t Port., 7%. 

Povoa dc Varzim, PO-TU-CI da Vqr- 

zen, t Port., 6>. 
Poweshiek, P'S-e-Jek, c Iowa, 
Powhatan, Pca-ha-tan, co Va.; t! Ark. 
Poxim, Po-Jeh, t Bra., 3. [Ter. 

Poyais, Pwq-ya, r and dis Mosquito 
Poyang, Po-yqn, I China, 80 by 40 m. 
Pozoblanco, Pu-tia-blqn-ko, t Sp., 6}-. 
Pozzuoli, Pot-soo-o-le. t Nap., 8%. 
Prado, Prq-do, t Port., 7. 
Praga, Prq-gq, ^ Poland, 4. 
Prague, Prag, important c Bohemia, 

Eu., 68%. [Wis. 

Prairie du Chien, Pra-ri de Sen, co t 
Prairie du Rocher, R6-Jer, v III. 
Prairie du Sac, Sqk, v Wis., %. 
Prairie iner Rough, Pra-ri ma,r HOD;, p 

o La. 

Prairie Ronde, Rond, Mich., %. 
Prairieton, Pra-ri-ton, v la. 
Prairieville, r la., Mo., Mich. 
Praslin, Prqs-len, is Ind. Oc. [3^. 
Prats de Mollo, Prq de Mn-16, / < Fr. f 
Prattsville, Prats-vil,' v N-Y., 1%; o 

Ala., 6. [Java, 700,000. 

Preanger, Pra-^n-her, Dutch residency, 
Preble, Preb-1, co O ; v N-Y. 
Pregel, Pra-gel, r Prus., 120 m. 
Prenzlow, Prents-lov, t Prus.. 12%. 
Presburg, Pres-burg, c, cap Hun., 38. 
Prescot, Pres-kot, t and ar Eng., 7%: 

co < Wis.; t C. W., 2^. 
Presque Isle, Presk el, co Mich. [%. 
Presteigne, Pres-tan, ftor and Eng., 1- 
Preston, Pres-ton, ^f/r and t Eng., 69%; 

r Tex., Ky.; < C. E., \\. 
Prestonburg, Pres-ton-burg, co t Ky. 
Prestonpans, Pres-ton-panz, s-pt t and 

par Scot., 1%. 

Preto, Pra-to, rs Brazil, 150 m. 
Prevesa, Pra-va-sq, ft t Eu. Tur., 4. 
Pribylov, Prs-bi-lov, in Behring Sea. 
Priego, Pre-a-go, t Sp., 13%. 
Prince Edward Island, Br. Am., area 

1950 s. m., pop. 90,000; Upper C. 
Prince of Wales Archipelago, Rus. Am. 
Prince of Wales Island, Pac. Oc.; Ma- 
lay Arch.; is Torres Strait. 
Prince's Island, Gulf of Guinea. 
Princes' Islands, Sea of Marmora. 
Princess Anne, co t Md. 
Princess Charlotte (Xqr-lot) Bay, Aust. 
Princeton, Prins-ton, bnr N-J., 2%: co 

ts Va., Miss., Ark., Ky., 1%; vg la., 

1; 111., Ac. 

Princeville, Prins-vil, T III., %. [Oo. 
Prince William Island, Feejee Is., Pac. 
Prince William Sound, Rus. Am. -> 
Pripets, Prip-ets, r Rus. Pol., 350 m. 
Prisrend, Pris-rend, t Eu. Tur., 20. 



Pristina, Pris-te-no.. t En. Tar., 12. 
Pritzwalk, Prits-vok, t Prus., 4. 
Privns, Pre-vqX t FT., b%. 
Prizzi, Prit-se, t Sic., T%. 
Procida, Prii-qi-dq. t Bay of Naples, 13. 
Proctor, Pr6k-tor, v Ky. 
Proetorsville, r Vt., la. 
Prolog, Pru>-16;*, mg Dalmatia. 
Proine, Priam, t Burmese dominions. 
Pronsk, Pronsk, t Rus.. 6%. 
Prossnitz, Pros-nits, t Moravia, 8. 
Providence, Prov-i-dens, c R. I., 47}^: 

co t La.; v 0.; i Curribean Sea; 

Lake, La. 
Province Wellesley, Welz-le, British 

settlement Malay Peninsula, 47^. 
Provins, Pro-van, t Fr., 7. 
Prussia, Prdb-Ji-a, extensive k Eu., 

consisting of Prussia, Posen, Brand- 

enburg, Pomerania, Silesia, Saxony, 

Westphalia, Rhine. Prussia, has 

adopted the most complete system of 

education in the world; area 109,314, 

pop. 16,9:55,420. 
Prussian Poland, PrA-Jan P(5-land, e. 

Prus., formerly part of Poland. 
Prnth, Pant, r E. Eu.. 360 m. 
Psilorati ( Pse-lo-ro^-te ) Mount, is. Crete. 
Pskov, Pskov, gov Rus., 657*4; c do. 9. 
Pueblo. La, Lq Pweb-lq, st Mex.: area 

12,042 s. m., pop. 580,000; c, cap of 

the above state, pop. 50,000. 
Pueblo Viejo, Pweb-lo Ve-a-Ao, t Vera 

Cruz, \%. 

Puerco. P\ver-ko, * X-Mcx., 200 m. 
Puerto Bello, Pwer-Ua, Bel-yo, s-pt t 

N-Gran. [pt t Ven. 

Puerto Cabello, Pwer-to Ka-bel-yo, s- 
Puerto do La Cruz de Oratava, Pwcr- 

tu> da Lq Krros da Q-rq-tq-vq, s-pt t 

Canary Is., 3%. 

Puerto del Padre, Pwr-to del P^-drtl, 

har Cuba. 
Puerto de Santa Maria, Pwer-to da 

Sqn-tq-Mq-re-q, c Sp., 18. 
Puerto Principe, Pren-si-pn, c Cuba, 49. 
Puget (Pi\,-get) Sound, b Wash. Ter. 
Pughtnan, Pdo^-mqX m Afg., 13,000. 
Pulaski, Pn-las-ki, r* N-Y., 1; Pa., 

1%; Io., III.; cotTenn., \Y^. 
Pultusk, Po>l-M>k, t Pol., 4>^. 
Puna, Pd)-n(\, i Ecuador. 
Punderpoor, Pun-der-pAr, t Ind., 25. 
Pungudutive, Pun,-go>-da>-tev, * n. of 

Ceylon, 2>. 
Punjab, Pun-jo;b, ter of N. W. Hind.; 

area 210,000, pop. 4,740,000, inhab- 
ited by Sikhs, Cushmerians, and 


Punnair. Pu-n.\r, r S. Ind., 220 m. 
Puno, PI'I-HO, c Porn, 9. 
Puntas Arenas, Pcbn-tqs fl-ra-uqs, pt 

Costa Rica. 

Purbeck, (;Pur-bek,) Isle of, Eng. 
Purdy (Piir di) Islands, S. Pac. 
Purneah, Piir-ne-a, t Br. Ind., 40. 
Purus, Pifi-raw, r S. Am., 400 m. 
Putnamville, Put-nam-vil, r* la., Mo. 
Putney, Piit ni, r Eng., b%. [m. 

Putumayo, Po>-tO) ini-o. r S. Am., 700 
Putzig (Piit-siA) Bay, an arm of the 

Gulf Dantzic. 

Puy, L, Le Pwe, t Fr.. 15%. 
Puy de Dome, Pwe de Dum, dep Fr., 

596%; m do. 4806 ft. 
Puylaurens, Pv?e-lo-ron, t Fr., 6^. 
Pwllheli, PiD^-ha-le, bar and s-pt t N. 

Wales, 2%. 
Pyramid (Pir-a-mid) Lake, Utah Ter., 

35 by 15. 
Pyrenees, Pir-en-z, ms bet. Fr., and 

Sp., 11,168 ft. 


Qua, Kwq, m Guinea, 5000 ft. 

Quaco, Kw<i-ko, v and light-house Bay 
of Fundy. 

Quakertown, Kwti-ker-t-sn, v N-J., %. 

Quampanissa, Kwqm-pq-nis-q, t Da- 
hotney, 12. 

Quang-See, Kwqn-Se, c and prov Chi- 
na, pop. 7,313,895. 

Quang-Tong, Kwqij-Toj), prov China, 
pop. 19,147,030. latic Sea. 

Quarnero, (Kwqr-na-ro.)Gulf of, Adri- 

Quarto, Kw<ir-t<a, r La Plata, 280 in. 

Quarto, Kwqr-to, t Sardinia, 5%. 

QuasquetoD. Kwas-ke-ton, c Io. 

Quathlamba, Kwqt-lq'm-bq, m Af. 
Quatre Bras, K^t-r Brq, v Belg. 
Quebec, Kwe-bek, c, cap of the two 

Canadas, 42. 

Qucda, Ka-dq. st Malay Pen., 21. 
Quedlingliurg, Kwed-lin-burA, t Prus. 

Sax., '14^. 
Queen Charlotte (J^r-lot} Island, S. 

Pac. Oe.: also numerous is Br. N. Am. 
Queen Charlotte Sound, w. of N. Am. 
Queenstown, v C. W., J. 
Quelpaert, Qwdl-pqrt, i Yellow Sea. 
Quenu, Ka-nif>, i Chili. 
Quequay, Ka-kwj, r Uruguay, 100 in. 



Qucretaro, Ka-ra-tq-ro, et Mex.; area 
2144 s. m., pop. 132,124; cap of the 
above state, 29%. [Af. 

Querimba (Ka-rem-ba) Island?, e. of 

Quesaltepeque, lia-sql-tq-pa-ka, t 
Guat., 4. [Guat., 14. 

Quezaltenango, Ka-sql-ta-nc^n-go, c 

Quibebon, Ke-be-roh, pen Fr., in lirit- 
tany, 3. 

Quibo, Ke-bo, i N-Gran. 

Quicara, Ke-kq -rq, is N-Gran. 

Quilimane, Ke-li-inq-na, t E. Af. 

Quillota, Kel-ycS-tq, t Chili, 10. 
Quimper, Kan-p4r, t Fr., 11. 
Quitnperle, Kan-per-Ia, t Fr., 6J^. 
Quincy, Kwin-si, cots Fa., 1; 111., 11; 

va Mass., 5; Pa., %\ 0., %. 
Quincy Point, V Mass. 
Quindiu, Kgn-di-db, mt S. Am. [1J^. 
Quinebaug, Kwin-E-beg, r and t'Conn., 
Quinto, Ken-to, r La Plata, 250 in. 
Quitrnan, Kwit-inan, co ts Miss., Tex. 
Quito, Ks-to, c, cap Ecuador, 70. 
Quitta, Kwit-q, t N. Guinea, 5. 


Baab, Kqb, or Nagy-Gyor, Noj-Dyer, 

t Hun.. 18. 

Rabatt, Rq-bqt, ft t Morocco, 27. 
Rabinal, Rq-bi-nql, t Gautemala 
Racconigi, Rq-ko-ne-je, t N. It., 10. 
Racine, R:-sen, c Wis., 7^; co Wis. 
Rasketville, Rak-et-vil, v N-Y. 
Raccoon, Ra-kdcm, cr Ind.; r Iowa. 
Racs, Rqts, t Hun., 11^. 
Radnor, Rad-nor, t S. Wales, 2J^. 
Radokala, Ra-do-kq-lq, is N. Pac. 
Radom, Rq-dom, t Poland, 5%. 
Ragusa, Rq-gA-sq, t Sicily, 21J^; s-pt 

c Dalmatia, 6. 

Rahway, Re-wa, r and v N-J., %. 
Raiatea, Ri-q-ta-q, one of Society Is. 
Rai-Koke, Rj-ko-ka, one of Koorile Is. 
Rainy, Ra-ni, I and r bet. Brit. N. A., 

and II. S. Territories. 
Raisin (Ra-zin,) River, Mich., 140 m. 
Rajamahal,Rq-jq-mq-hql, c Br. Ind. 30. 
Raleigh, R(5-li, cap c N. C., 4>; co is 

Miss., Tenn., 111. 
Rails, R,?h. co Mo. 
Ralston, R.Jls-ton, v Pa. 
Ramb ; , Rqm-ba, one of Feejee Is. 
Ratnbla, La, LqRqm-blq, t Sp., 9. 
Raraboullet, Roii-bflD-El-ya, t Fr., 4J^. 
Ramgunga, Rqm-gun-gq, r Br. Ind., 

250 in. [ft. 

Ramne, Rqm-ns, m Himalayas, 22,768 
Rampoor, Rqm-pdbr, ts Ind. 
Ramsay, Ram-za, v Can. West, 3J^. 
Ramsey, Ram-zi, t and^ar Eng., 2%. 
Ramsgate, Ramz-gat, g-pt t Eng., 12. 
Ranai, Rq-nj_, one of Sandwich Is. 
Randers, Rqn-derz, t Den., 7%. 
Randolph, Ran-dolf, (East and West,) 

vs Miis.1.; V Vt., 2%; X-Y. 
Rangoun, Rqn-giJbn. t Burma, 20. 
Rannock, Loch, LoA Ran-oA, I Scot. 
Rapallo, Rq-pql-o, s-pt t Sar., 10. 

Raphoe, Rq-fo, t Ir., \y 3 . 
Rapidan, Rap-i-dan, r and v Va. 
Rapides, Rq-psd, or Ra-pidz, par La. 
Rappahannock, Rap-a-han-ok, r Va., 

125 m. [Oc., 4. 

Raratonga, Rq-rq-torj-ga, i b. Pac. 
Raritan, Rar-i-tan, r, o and v N-J., 1. 
Rasay, Rq-sa, * Hebrides, J^. 
Rassegoo, Rqs-e-g(Jb, one of Koorile Is. 
Rastadt, Rqs-tqt,./K t Baden', 6>^. 
Rat Island, in Aleutian Arch. 
Rathboneville, Rafc-bon-vil, v N-Y.,3^". 
Rathenow, Ra-te-nov, t Prus., 5^. 
Rathfarnham, Rat-fqrn-am, v Ir., b%. 
Rathkeale, Rat-kal, t Ir.. 4%. 
Rathlin, RaA-lin, * Ir., 1. 
Ratibor, Rq-ti-bor, t Prus. Silesia, 7^. 
Ratisbon, Rat-is-bon, t Bavaria, 23. 
Ratz Boszormeny, Rqts Bes-er-meny, 

t s. e. Hun., 17. 

Ravanusa, Rq-vq-n<6-sq, t Sicily, 6^. 
Ravee, Rq-ve, r Punjab, 370 m. 
Ravenna, Rq-ven-q, c Cen. Italy, 12; 

Ra-ven-a, co t 0., 3>^. 
Rawak, Rq-wqk, *' East. Arch. 
Rawdon, Re-don, v Can. West., J^. 
Rawitsch, Rq-viq, t Prus. Poland, 10. 
Raymond, Ra-mond, v Me., 1)^; co t 

Miss., Wis. 

Raysville, Raz-vil, v Ind. 
Re, Ra, w. of France. 
Readfield, Red-feld, v Me., 2. . 
Reading, Red-in, lor and t Eng., 21)^; 

c Pa., 17; vs Conn., 0., Ind. 
Real, Ra-ql, r Brazil, KiO ua. [3. 

Realejo, Ra-q-la-Ao, s-pt t Nicaragua, 
Rechnitz, ReA-nits, t Hun., 5. 
Recife, Ra-se-fa, c Brazil, 18. 
Red Bank, v N-J. 
Red Cedar River, Minn, and Iowa, 300 

m.: also Wis. 
Red Creek, v N-Y., %. 



Reddington, R<5d-in-ton, v Ind. 

Redditch, Ki-d-iij, Eng., 6. 

Red Lake, Minn. Ter., 37 by 16. 

Redon, Ra-doh, t Fr., 5%. 

Red River, trib. of Miss., coursing 

Tex., Ark., La., 1200 m.; r Tenn., 

Ky., Minn., 700 m. 
Red Rock, v Minn. 
Redruth, Ked-root, t Eng., 7. 
Red Sea, an inland sea, Asia. 
Red Sulphur Springs, v and watering 

place Va. 

Reedsville, Redz-vil, v Pa. 
Refugio, Re-fij,-ji-o>, en and co t Tex. 
Regello, Ra-jel-o, v Tus., 10. 
Reggio, Red-jo, c E. Italy, 18%; c N. 

Italy, 17. 

Richenau, Rj-Ae-n's, i Baden, 1%. 
Reichenbach, Rj-Aen-bqA, ts Sax., 6%; 

Prus. Silesia, b%. 

Reichenberg, Rj-/ten-berA, t Boh., 13%. 
Reigate, Rj-gat, bor and t Eng., 5. [1. 
Reikiavik, Rj-ki-a-vik, cap t Iceland, 
Reims, Remz, c Fr., 45%. 
Remiremont, Ra-iner-mcin, t Fr., 5Jx(. 
Remscheid, Rem-Jit, t Rhen. Prus., 12. 
Renaix, Ra-na, t Belg., 12%. 
Rendezvous, Ren-de-vo>z, Borneo. 
Rendaburg. Rendz-biDrA,./if t Den., 10%. 
Renfrew, Ren-frd), buigk Scot., 3. 
Reni, Ra-ni, t Ru.., 6. 
Rennes, Ren, c Fr., 39%. 
Rennsselaer, Ren-se-ler, co and v N-Y. 
Rensselaerville, v N-Y., 3%. 
Renton, Ren-ton, v Scot., 2%. 
Republic, Re-pub-lik, v 0., 1%. 
Requena. Ra-kan-yq, t Sp., 11. 
Resaca de la Pal ma, Ra-s4,-kq da Iq 

Pql-mq, battle field, Mex. 
Reshd, Rejt, t Persia, 50. 
Resina, Ra-se-nq, t Naples, 9. 
Rosinar, Ra-ze-nqr, v Transylvania, 6. 
Resolution, Rez-G>-lq,-fon, i Hudson's 

Strait. [200 m. 

Restigouche, Res-ti-gm-Ja, r Br. N. A., 
Retford, Ret-ford, (East,) bur and t 

Eng., 46. 

Rethel, Ra-t^l, t Fr., 8%. 
Reus, Ra-o>s, 1- Sp., 25. 
Reutlingen, R<H-lin-en, ft t Wiirtem- 

berg, \\%. [6. 

Revel, Rev-el, ft s-pt t Rus., 24%; t Fr., 
Revello, Ra-v<l-o, t N. It., 5]4,. 
Reynoldsburg, R^n-olz-burg, v 0. 
Rez6, Ra-za, t Fr., 6%. 
Rezende, Ra-zen-da, t Brazil, 5. 
Rhea, Ra, co Tenn. 
Rhett (Ret,) Lake, I of Cal., 12 by 8. 
Rhine, Rjn, noted r of Europe, 900 m. 
Rhinebeck, Rjn-bek, v N-Y., 1%. 

Rhinns, Rins, jten Scot. 

Rhode Island, Rod i'himl, one of the 
original U. S., huvingan area of only 
1,306 s. m.; pop. whiles, 143,875: col- 
ored, 3,672; total, 147,541. [15. 

Rhodes, Radz, i As. Tur., 30; c same, 

Rhoe, K-N, Shetland Island, .'.j. 

Khon, Ren, m (ler. 

Rhone, Ron, r Eu., 285 m. 

Rhuddlan, Hrid-lan, \H,r X. Wales, l^. 

Riazan, Re-q-zqn, t Rus., 9. 

Riboauville, Rs-bo-vel-ya, t Fr., 7%. 

Riccarton, Rik-ar-ton, v Scot., 4%. 

Riccia, Rit-cq, t Naples, 6. 

Rice Lake, Canada West. 

Richibucto, RiJ-t-buk-to, r and port 
of entry, N- Brunswick. 

Richland, Rig-land, v N-Y., 4; us 0., 
Iowa, Wis. 

Richmond, Richmond, c and cap Va., 
32"^; c la., 5; t and par Eng., co of 
Surrey, 9; t Eng., co. of York, 5; vt 
Me., 2; Vt., Mass.; co ts N-Y., Ky., 
Tex., Mo., La. 

Riehville, Riq-vil, t) N-Y. [5. 

Rickmansworth, Rik-tnanz-wurt, t Eng., 

Riddings, Rid-igz, v Eng., 4%. 

Rideau, Re-da, r Canada East. 

Ridgefield, Rij-feld, v Conn., 2^. 

Ridge way, Rij-wa, co t Penn.; r N. C., 
Mich., Wis. [Ger. 

Riesengebirge, Re-zen-ga-bgrA-a, mt 

Rieti, Re-a-te, t Cen. Italy, 11. 

Riga, Re-gq, ft c Rus., 71^. 

Rigaud, Re-g(f>, and College Can. E. 

Righi Culm. Re-ge Ko>lm, m Switz. 

Rigolets de bon Dieu, Rig-o-lets de 
1'i'ju De, duplicate channel of Red 
River, La., 50 m. 

Rimini, Re-me-ne, c Cen. Italy, 17%. 

Rimouski, Re-tmbs-ke, v Can. East, 4. 

Ringkiobing, Rin-kye-bin, s-pt t Jut- 
land, 1^. 

Ringwood, Rin-wtad, t Eng., 4; v N. J. 

Rio, Re-o, Spanish for " river." 

Rio Bmnco, Re-o Br^n-ko, r Brazil, 
700 m. 

Rio Colorado Chiquito, Ko-lo-r^-do 
d'e-ke-to, r N-Mex., 500 m. [500 m. 

Rio das Mortes, dqs M6r-tes, r Brazil, 

Rio de Janeiro, da Xq-na-e-ro, prov 
Brazil; area, 70,630 s. in.; pop. 850,- 

Rio de la Pasion, Pq-se-6n, r Cen. A. 

Rio de la Plata, Pl^-tq, r S. A., 2500 m. 

Rio de los Martires, Mqr-te-res, r Cul. 

Rio de San Juan, Sqn Hoa-^n, r New 
Mexico, 350 m. 

Rio Dulce, Dcbl-sa, r or outlet of the 
Golfo Dulce Honduras. 



Rio Grande, Re-io Groji-da, re Sene- 
gainbia, Af.; Bra., 600 m., also one 
250 m.; Bol.; N-Gran.; Mex., 400 m.; 
Mosquito Ter., 200 m.; (anglicized, 
Ri-o Grand,) r N. Am., rises in Mex., 
and separates Texas from Mex., 
1800 m. [1. 

Rio Grande (Rj-o Grand) City, t Tex., 

liio Grande do Norte, Re-o Grqn-da 
da Nd/-ta, prov Bra.; area 22,784 
s. m., pop. 110,000. 

Rio Grande do Sul, UE-O Grqn-da do 
Scol, t Bra., 3%. 

Rioja, Rs-o-Aq, prov Argentine Re- 
public ; pop. 19,000 ; t do., 4. 

Rio Janeiro, RE-O Xq-na-g-ro, or Rj-o 
Jan-e-ro, cap Bra., 350. 

Riom, Rs-on, t Fr., 12>g. 

Rio Negro, RE-Q Na-gro, r N-Gran. 
and Bra., 1000 in.: also rs S. Am., 
600 m.; Uruguay, 250 m., &c. 

Rionero, Re-w-na-na, t Nap., 9%. [4. 

Rio Vermelho, Re-o Ver-mel-ye, t Bra., 

Ripatransone,Re-pq-trqn-sw-na, t It.,5. 

Ripley, Rip-li, vs N-Y. 1%, 0. 1%. 

Ripon, Rip-on, c Eng., 6; Wis. 

Risdon, Riz-don, v O., %. 

Rising Sun, co t la., 2. 

Rivarolo, Re-vq-ro-lo, ts N.It. 6, Sard. 
States, 5%. 

Rive-de-Gier, Rev-de-Ss-a. t Fr., 13. 

Riverhead, Riv-er-he'd, cot N-Y., 2>. 

Riverton, Riv-er-ton, v N-J. 

River Trent, Riv-er Trent, v C. W., 1. 

Riviei-e-a-Jacques, Re-vi-^-q-Xqk, r 
Minn., 600. [Mo. 

Riviere-au-Bceuf, RE-vi-q/'O-Bef, or 

Riviere-au-Cuivre, RE-vi-4''--KwEV- 
r', r Mo. 

Riviere Ouelle, RE-vi-4r OD-el, v 

Rivoli, Rs-vo-lE, t Pied., 5}. 

Roane, Ron, co Tenn. 

Roanne, Ro-^n, t Fr., 13^. 

Roanoke, Ra-an-ok, v Va. and N. C., 
250 m.; vs N-Y., Mo. 

Roapoa, Ro-q-p<J-q, Marquesas Is. 

Robideaux, Ro-bE-do, cr and v Mo. 

Rochdale, R6q-dal, lor and t Eng., 29. 

Rochefort, RoJ-for, t Fr., 24'/,. 

Rochelle, La, Lq Ro-Jel, s-pt t Fr., 16^. 

Rochester, R6q-es-ter, a Eng. 15, N- V. 
44>; vs N-H. 3, Pa. 1%, 0., Mich., 
la., Iowa, Wis., &c. 

Rockaway, R6k-a-wa, t N-J.; c N-Y. 

Rockbridge, Rok-brij, co t Mo. 

Ruckford, Rok-ford, c 111., 7; co ts N. 
C., Ala.; v la. [Vt. 

Rockinghaui, R6k-in-ham, co t N. (J.j 

Rock Island City, co t III., 4. 

Rockland, Rok-lucd, c Me., 10. 

Rockport, Rok-port, co it la., Ark.; m 
Mass., 0., III. 

Rock River, Wis., 225 m. 
Rockton, Rok-ton, <e 111., %. 

Rockville, Rok-vil, co ts la. 1%, Md.; 
va Mass., Conn., O. 

Rockwell, R6k-wel, v 111. 

Rocky Mount, R6k-i M-nt, cot Va.,^. 

Rocky Mountains, cen. N. Am.; length, 
3000 m. ; highest peaks, Fremont's, 
13,570 ft.; Pike's, 11,497 ft. 

Rodez, Ro-da, t Fr., 10%. 

Rodrigues, Re-dreg, * Ind. Oc. 

Roermond, Itor-mont, t Neth., 7}^. 

Roeskilde, Res-kil-da, t Den., 3%. 

Rogersville, Roj-erz-vil, co t Tenn. 

Rokelle, Ro-kel, r Af., 250 m. 

Rolandswerth,'t, i Rhine. 

Rollo, R61-yo, m Sp. 

Roma, Rii>-inq, i Malay Arch.; v Tex. 

Romano, Ro-m^-no, ft t Loin., 4. 

Romans, Ro-mon, t Fr., 11. 

Rome, Rom, c It., and the most cele- 
brated in the world, 175; co ts N-Y., 
10%, la. %; c Ga., 3; v 0., Wis. 

Romeo, R6-m-o, v Mich., \%. 

Romford, Rum-ford, t Eng., 3%. 

Romney, (R6m-ni,) New, t Eng., 1; co 
t Va.; v la. 

Romoe, R6-mo, i Den., 1)^. 

Romorantin, Ro-ino-roh-tan, t Fr., 8. 

Romsey, Riim-zi, bor and t Eng., 2. 

Rona, R6-nu, t Hebrides, %. 

Ronaldshay, R6n-aldz-ha, ( North, ) 
Orkney i, %; (South,) do., 3^. 

Ronda, R6n-dq, c Sp., 16. 

Rondout, Ron-dit, i) N-Y., 2%. 

Ronne, Ren-a, s-pt t Den., 4^. 

Ronneburg, Ron-e-burA, t Ger., J. 

Roostchook, Ro>s-<3<Jbk, ft c Eu.Tur.,30. 

Roques, Los, Los R<o-kes, i Carib. Sea. 

Rosa Morada, R6-sq Mo-rq-dq, t Mex. ,4. 

Rosario, Ro-sq-ri-o, * is. Teneriffe, 1%. 

Rosario de Cucuta, Ro-sq-ri-o da Ko>- 
kc6-tq, t N-Gran., 5. 

Roscoe, Ros-ko, vs 0., 111. 

Roscoinrncn, Ros-koni-on, t Ir., 3%. 

Roscrea, Ros-kra, t Ir., 5%. 

Rose, Roz, v N-Y. 

Roseau, R<a-zo, t is. Dominica, 5. 

Rosenau, Rdi-ze-mj, ts N. Hun., 7; 
Transylvania, 4. 

Rosendale, Ro-zen-dal, TS N-Y., Wis. 

Rosetta, Ro-zet-q, s-pt t Low. Eg., 4. 

Ross, Ros, ts and para Eng. 2%, Ir. 1; 
' New, bor and t Ir., 9. 

Rossano, Ros-q-no, c Nap., 15. 

Rossie, ROS-E, v N-Y., 1>^. 

Rossiena, Ros-e-a-nq, t Rus., 5%. 

Rossville, Ros-vil, vs 0. 2^, N-Y., la. 


Kostock, Ros-tok, c Ger., 20^. 

Rostov, Ros-tov, two & Rus., 8 and 6. 

Rota, R<5-tq, t Sp., 8; t Pac. Oo. 

Rothenburg-au-der-Tauber, Rw - ten - 
bu>A-qn-der-Ti-ber, Bav., b%. 

Rotherham, R6d-er-aui. t and par Eng., 
<% [7fc. 

Rothesay, Rol-ea, s-pt t and par Scot., 

Uuttce, R6t-i, i Malay Arch. 

Rottenburg, R6t-en-bu/v&, t Wiirt., 6. 

Rotterdam, Rot-er-dqin, c Ncth., 89. 

Kotuma, Ro-t(6-mq, i 1'uc. Oc. 

Koubuix, R*f-ba, t Fr., 34%. 

Rouen, R<f>-en, c Fr., 100>^. 

Rouge Bayou, Rcoj Bj-ct>, La. 

Rouge (R<3) River, Mich. 

Rough-and-Ready, Ruf-and-R&i-i, w 
Ga,, Ala., Ky., III. 

Roulers, Ro>-la, t Belg., 10%. 

Roundhead, R'snd-hed, v 0., %. 

Rousay, Rdb-sa, Orkney i, 1%. 

Rouse's (Uxs-ez) Point, v N-Y. 

Reveredo, Ro-va-ra-dcD, t Tyrol, 8. 

Rovigno, Ro-ven-yo, s-pt t Illyria, 10%. 

Rovigo, Ro-ve-go, t Aus. It., 9%. 

Kowundiz, R-s-q'n-diz, t Tur. Koord. 

Rowland's (R<i-landz) Springs, water- 
ing place, Ga. 

Rowlesburg, Rolz-burg, v Va. 

Rowley, Ri-li, v Mass. 

Rowno, R6v-no, t Rus. Poland, 9J^. 

Row's, RBZ, v 0. 

Roxborough, R6ks-bur-o, co t N. C. 

Roxbury, R6ks-ber-i, c Mass., 25; vs 
Conn. 1%, Pa. 

Roxo, Roks-o, v W\9. 

Royal Oak, Rer-al Qk, v Mich. 

Royalston, R<f-alz-ton, v Mass., 1J^. 

Royalton, Rer-al- ton, vs Vt., la. 

Koyston, Rers-ton, t Eng., 2; la. 

Ruatan, Roo-q-t4n, i Bay of Hond., 4. 

Rubicon, R<6-bi-kon, r Cen. It., 20 in. 

Rudgeley, Riij-ii, t Eng., 3. 

Rudolstadt, Rda-dol-stqt, t Ger., 5%. 

Ruffec, Ref-<Sk, < Fr., 3%. 

Rugby, Rtig-bi, t Eng., 6^, 

Riigou, R^-gen, i Baltic, ii/. 

Rum, Rum, i Inner Hebrides, )/. 

Ruinbeke, Rum-ba-ke. v Belg., 6%. 

Ruinney, Runi-ni, N 11. 

Kumsey, Riim-zi, v Ky. 

Runcoru. Riin-korn, t Eng., 8. 

Rupert (Ro>-pert) River, Br. N. Am., 
300 m. 

Ruppln, Neu, Xer Roa-pen, t Prus., 10. 

Rupununy, Rup-oo-ndb-ne, r Br. Gui- 
aii:i. 250 m. 

Rush, Ruf, s-pt t IT., IK; N-Y. 

Rushford, RiiJ-ford, v N-Y. [N-Y., 0. 

Rushville, RiiJ-vil, co te la. 1%, 111.; r 

Rusk, Rusk, co t Tex. 

Russell, Riis-el, N-Y. 1^, Mass. 

Russellville, Rus-el-vil, co < Ky., Ala.; 
us 0., Tenn., La. 

Russia, Ro>-Ji-a, empire Eu., and the 
largest that has ever existed, having 
the following divisions : European 
Russia; Asiatic Russia, embracing 
Siberia and Transcaucasian Prov- 
inces; and Russian America. Area, 
7,430,125 s. m.; pop. 65,220,580. 

Russian America, Rob-Jan A-mer-i-ka, 
ter n. w. N. Am.; area 394,000 s. m., 
pop. 61,000, mostly Esquimaux. 

Russian Poland, P6-land, former k 
Poland, and contiguous territory. 

Rute, RdS-ta, t Sp., 8. [N. C., %. 

Rutherfordton, Riid-er-ford-ton, co t 

Rutherglen, Rug-len, burgh and par 
Scot., 6y 2 . [:% 

Ruthin, RoS-din, b(/r and t N. \Vales, 

Rutigliano, Roi-tel-yq-nQ, t Nap., 5. 

Rutland, Rut-land, co t Vt., 3%: v 0. 

Rutledge, Rut-li-j, co ts Tenn., Miss. 

Ruvo, K(f>-vo, t Nap., 8. 

Rybinsk, Rib-insk, t Rus., 10. 

Ryde, Rjd, t Eng., 7%. 

Rye, Ri, bar and t Eng., 8%; v N-Y. 

Rylsk, Rjlsk, t Rus., 7. 

Rzher, /i-jev, t Rus., 9. 


Raale, Sachsische, SaA-siJ-e S^-le, r 

Ger., 212 m. 

Saulfeld, Sql-fclt, t Cen. Ger., 4^. 
Saarbruck,Sqr-brek,n{hen. Prus.,8%. 
Saar-Louis, Sqr-Ldb-is, t Rhen. Prus., 
Suatz, Sqts, t Boh., 5. [4%. 

Saba, Sq-bq, Dutch W. Ind., \%. 
Sabara, Sq-bq-rq, c Bra., 5. 
Subbionetta, S<i-bi-o-net.-q, t Lorn., 7. 

Sabine (Sa-ben) Lake, La. 

Sabine River, Tex., 500 m. 

Sibinctown, Sa-ben-tTsn, * Tex. 

Sabioncello, Sq-bi-on-q6l-o, pen Dalm. 

Sable, Sq-bld, t Fr., b%. 

Sable Island, Sq-bla fr'land, t At. Oo. 

Sables, Sqb-l, t Fr., 6. 

Sabrina (Sa-brj-na) Land, Ant. Oc. 

Sac, Sek ; r Mo.; co Iowa. 



Sncarappa, Sak-a-rap-a, v Me. 
Sacatecoluca, Sq-kq-ta-Rw-kf)-kq,i San 

Salvador, 5. 

Sacatepec, Sq-kq-ta-pek, t Guat., 3. 
Saccatoo, Sqk-q-Uf>, t Cen. At'. 
Sachem's Head, Sa-qemz Hod, water- 
ing place, Conn. [N-Y., 2. 
Sackett's Harbor, Sak-ets Hqr-bor, v 
Saco, Sa-kco, r X-Eng.; t Me., 5%. 
Sacomango, Sak-o-inai)-go, r N-Y". 
Sacramento, Sak-ra-meri-to, co t Wis., 
S;vcra;nento City, t, can Cal., 20. [%. 
Sacs or Sauks, Sok=. Ind tr Iowa. 
Sacui, Sq-kto-g, r Bra., 250 m. 
6ado, S^-do, i Sea of Japan. 
Saegerstown, Sa-gerz-tun, t' Pa., %. 
Saffee, Sqf-e, s-pt t N. Af., 12. 
Saffron-WaKlen, Saf-ron-Wol-den, bar 

and t Eng., 6. 

Sagan, Sq-gqn, t Prus. Silesia, 6%. 
Saghalien, Sq-gq-le-en, i coat A.-iia. 
Sag Harbor, Sag Hqr-bor, v N-Y., 3). 
Snginaw, Sag-i-ne, rMich.: I L. Huron. 
Saginaw City, co t Mich., 1%. 
Sagua la Grande, S^-gwq Iq Grqn-da, 

r and t Cuba. 

Saguenay, Sqg-a-na, r C. E., 100 m. 
Sahara, Sq-hq-rq, or Great Desert, 

vast uninhabited region of N.-E. Af.; 

area 2,700,000 s. m. 
Saida, Sj-dq, t Syria, 6. 
Sai-Gon, Sj-G6n, < Anam, 180. 
Saima (Sj-mq) Lake, Finland. 
Saint-Aff rique, Saht-Hf-rek, t Fr., 6%. 
Saint Alban's, Sant Ol'banz, lor and 

t Eng., 7; v Vt. 
Saint Alban's Bay, v Vt. 
Saint- Amand, Sant-H-mon, two ts Fr., 

814 and 934. 

Saint Ambrose, Sant Am'broz, i Pae. 
Saint Andrew, An'drco, B-pt t Pr. Ed. Is. 
Saint Andrew's, An'dr.oz, s-pt c Scot.; 

s-pt t N-Brun., 8; vs C. E. 1%, Fa. 
Saint Anthony, An'to-ni, t Minn., 2. 
Saint Anthony City, * Minn., %. 
Saint Augustine, 0'gus-ten, c Fa., 2. 
Saint Austell, Gs'tel, t Eng., 3}. 
Saint Bartholomew, Bqr-tol-ft-niq, i 

W. Ind., 18. [bon, 11^. 

Saint-Benoit, San-Ba-nw4, t is. Bour- 
Saint Bernard, Sant Ber-nqrd, singular 

m pass Alps ; par La. 
Saint-Brieuc, San-Bre-d, t Fr., 14. 
Saint Catharines, Sant Kat-a-rinz, t 

C. W., 5. 

Saint Catharine's Island, coast Ga. 
Saint-Cesaire, San-Sa-z4r, v C. E., 2. 
Saint-Chamond, San-Sq-in6n, t Fr., 9. 
Saint Charles, Sant fe'qrlz, V 111., 3>; 

co t Mo., 3. 


Saint Christopher, Kris-to-fer, i Br. 

W. Ind.; pop. 1612 whites, 21,521 

Saint Clair, Kla.r, D Pa., 3; co t Mich.; 

I bet. C. W. and Mich.; r Mich., 40 

m.; City, v Pa. 

Saint Clairsville, Kl^rz-vil, co t 0., 1)^. 
Saint-Claude. San-Klod, t Fr., 6. 
Saint-Cloud, San-Kloo, t Fr., 4. 
Saint Croix, Sant Krff, r bet. Me. and 

N-Brun., 75 m.; r Wis., 200 m. 
Saint Croix (Krty) Falls, en t Wis. 
Saint Cyprian (Sip-ri-au) Bay, w. Af. 
Saint Day, t Eng., 2. 
Saint-Denis, San-De-ne, t Fr., 15%; 

cap is. Bourbon, 19. 
Saint-Die, San-De-a, t Fr., 9. 
Saint-Dizier, San-De-ze-a, t Fr., 1%. 
Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, Saht- 

Hn-de-lq-Po-kq-te-4r, v C. E. 
Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Sant-fln- 

da-Plan, v C. E. 
Sainte-Anne-du-Machiche, Sant-fln- 

tle-Mq-JeJ, v G. E., 2. 
Sainte Croix, Sant-Krwq, or Santa 

Cruz, Sqn-tq Kro>s, largest of Virgin 

Islands ; area 100 s. m., pop. 25,600. 
Saint Elizabeth, Sant 8-liz-a-bet, V 

C. E., 3. 

Sainte-M-.irie, Sant-Mq-re, i of Mada- 
gascar, 5. 
Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Sant-Mq-re - 

o-Men, t Fr., 11%. 
Sainte-Marie-de-la-Beauce, San-Mq- 

re-de-lq-Bos, C. E., SJ. 
Sainte-Marie-de-Monnoir, Saii-Mq-re- 

de-Mon-wq>, v C. E., 5. 
Saintes, Sant, t Fr., 11}^. 
Saintes, Les, La Sant, i Fr. W. Ind., 1. 
Saint-Esprit, Sant-Es-pre, v and par 

C. E., 2]4. 

Saint-Etienne, Sant-3-ti-en, t Fr.,55. 
Saint Eustatiua, Sant Yi^-sta-fl-us, i 

Br. W. Ind., 2. 

Saint-Flour, San-Floor, t Fr., 5%. 
Saint Francis (Sant Fran-sis) River, 

Mo., 450 m. 
Saint Francisville, Fran-sis-vil, co t 

La.; rs 111., Mo. 
Saint-Francois, San-Fron-swq, t Fr. 

W. Ind., 6%; commune Fr. is. Mar- 
tinique, 6. 

Saint Frangois, Sant Fran-sis, co Mo. 
Saint-Francois-du-Lac, Sah-Froh-swoj- 

de-Lqk, v C. E., 7 ; Riviere-du- 

Sud, Re-vr-4r-de-Sed, v C. E., \%. 
Saint Gall, San Gql, 't Swit., 11^. 
Saint-Gaudens, San-Go-don, t Fr., 5. 
Saint Genevieve, Sant Jen-e-vev, co t 

Mo., 1^. 



Saint George, Sant Jerj, bt Newfound- 
land, Nova Scotia ; Bermuda Island ; 
t on same, 2%;^ Gulf of, e. Pat. 

Saint George's, Jdrj-ez, v Del., l /&. 

Saint George's Channel, the part of the 
Atlantic separating Eng. from Ir. 

Snint George'* Island, Gulf of Mexico. 

Saint-Germain, San-Zer-man, t Fr., 12. 

Saint German, Sant Jur-man, bur and 
t Eng., 3. 

Saint-Gilles-les-Boucheries, Sau-Zel- 
la-Boo-Je-rg, t Fr., 6. 

Saint - Gre'goire-le-Grand, San - Gra - 
gwq>-le-Gr6n, v C. E , 3. 

Saint Helena, Sant Hel-e-na, i of Br., 
S. At. Oc., well known as the place 
of Napoleon's banishment, from 1816 
till his death, May 5, 1321; pop. 5; 
par La. 

Saint Helen's, Hel-enz, t Eng., 5. 

Saint Helen's Mountain, Or,, 13,000 ft. 

Saint Heliers, He'l-yerz, cap t is. Jer- 
sey, 21. 

Saint-Henri-de-Mascouche, Sant-Hon- 
re-de-Mqs-kcbJ, v C. E., 2>; de- 
Quebec, de-Ka-bek, v C. E., 2%. 

Saint-Hippolyte, Sant-S-po-let, t Fr., 
5%. [E., 3J. 

Saint Hyacinthe, Sant Hj-a-sint, t C. 

Saint-Irene, Saht-8-ra-na, - and par 
C. E., 1. [Eng., 10. 

Saint Ives, Sent ivz, bar and s-)jt t 

Saint- Jacques-de-PAchigan, San-Xqk- 
de-Lq-Je-gon, v and par C. E., 8. 

Saint-Jean-Bonnefond, Sah-Xoh-Bon- 
fon, v Fr., 6J^. 

Saint-Jean-d'Angely, San-Xon-Don- 
ja-le, t Fr., 6^. 

Saint-Jean-Molenbeek, San-Son-Mo- 
lon-bak, t Belg., 7%. 

Sai n t- Jean-Port- Jol i, San-Xon-Por- 
X<a-le, t> and par C. E., 3^. 

Saint Joachim, San Xo-q-kan, v and 
par C. E., I. 

Baint John, Sant Jon, or Saint John's, 
c N-Brun., 22% ; r do., 450 m.; c, 
cap Newfoundland, 21; I C. E. 

Saint John's, Sant Jonz, t C. E., 2%. 

Saint Johnsbury, J6nz-ber-i, c Vt., 3. 

Saint John's River, Fa., 200 m. 

Saint Joseph, Jo-zef , c Mo., 5; cot La.; 
v Mich., 1; I Br. N. Am. [m. 

Saint Joseph's River. Mich, and la., 250 

Saint-Junien, San-Xe-ni-ah, t Fr., 6. 

Saint Kilda, Sant Kil'-do, * At. Oc., %. 

Saint Lawrence, Lo-rens, large r bet. 
the U. S. and the Canadas, 2200 ID.; 
i Behring Sea. 

Saint Leonard Middleton, Len-ard 
Mid-1-ton, t Eng., 5%. 

Saint-Lo, San-La, t Fr., 8^. 

Saint Louis, Sant Ix6is or Sant I/fc-i, 

c Mo., 95; I C. E.; i Seuegambia, 

14>; t is, St. Louis, 12; t is. Bour- 
bon, 9%; r Minn., 200 m. 
Saint Lucia, Lo>-se-q, i Br. \V. Ind., 25. 
Saint Lucio, LOD-SR, co Fa. 
Saint-Malo. Sant-Mq-lo, s-ptt Fr.,9>^. 
Saint Margherita di Rapallo, San Mq/-- 

ga-re-ta de Rq-pql-o, v Sard. Sts., 
Saint Marie, Snnt Ma-re, v 111. [6J^. 
Snint Mark's, Mqrks, co t Fa. 
Saint Martin, Mqr-tin, *' W. Ind., 7^. 
Saint Martinsvillo, Mqr-tinz-vil, co t 

La., 1^. 
Saint Mary, Ma-ri, v Iowa; Azores *', 

\%\ i Madagascar, 5%. [Ga. %. 
Saint Mary's, Ma-riz, vs C. W. 1, 0. 1, 
Saint Mary's Strait, unites Lake Su- 
perior with Lake Huron, 63 m. 
Saint Matthew, Mat-u., i Mergui Arch. 
Saint Maurice, San. Ma-res, r C. E., 

400 m. 

Saint Michael, Sant Mj-kel, Azores, 81. 
Saint Michael's, Mj-kelz, v Md., 1. 
Saint-Mihiel, San-Me-i-el, t Fr., 5^. 
Sairit-Xazaire, San-Nq-z4r, t Fr., 5J^. 
Saint Neots, Sant Js'ets, t Eng., 3. 
Saint Nicholas, Nik-o-las, Cade Verd 

Is.; t Belg., 20. 

Saint-Oiner, Sant-O-m4r, ft t Fr., 22. 
Saint Omer, Sant Q'mer, v la., %. 
Saint Ours, Sant CD?-, - C. E., 3. 
Saint Paris, Sant Par-is, v 0., 1. 
Saint Paul, Pel, c, cap Minn. Ten, 10; 

San Pol, t is. Bourbon, 16^. 
Saint Paul de Loanda, Sn P's-lo da 

Lo-qn-dq, cap Port. st. in Low. Gui. 
Saint Peter, Sant Pe-ter, I Canada. 

cap t land of Guernsey, 16%. 
Saint Petersburg, Sant Pe-terz-burg, 

(Rus. Pa-ter-bcorg,) c, cap Russian 

Empire, 534. 

Saint Peter's River, Minn. Ter., 450 m. 
Saint Pierre, San Pt-!\,r, i Lake Bienne, 

Swit.; i s. Newfoundland, IJ-^; cap t 

is. Martinique, 20}; ' Ind. Oc.; t is. 

Bourbon, 14J^. 
Saint-Pierre-les-Cnlais, San-Pe-^-la- 

Kq-la, t Fr., 11%. 
Saint-Pol-de-Le'on, San-Pol-de-La-6n, 

t Fr.. 7. 

Saint Pollen, Sant Pel-ten, fit Aus.,6. 
Saint-Quentin, San-Kou-tan, t Fr., 


Saint-Remy, San-Rn-me, t Fr., 6. 
Saint Scholastiquo, Saa Sko-lqs-tlk, v 

C. E., 5%. [Sp. f 13. 

Saint Sebastian, Sant Se-bast-yan,// 1 



Saint-Servan, San-Ser-von, s-pt t Fr., 

10. [X-Brun. 

Saint Stephen's, Sant Stg-venz, s-pt t 
Saint-Suzanne, San-Se-zqn, t is. Bour- 
bon. 6>g. 
Saint Thomas, Sant T6m-as, one of the 

Virgin Islands, 12%; Gulf of Gui- 
nea; t G. W., 1%. 
Saint-Trond, San-Tron, t Belgian Lim- 

bourg, 9J^. 
Saint- Valery-en-Caux, Saii-Vq-la-rs;- 

on-Kia, t Fr., o l /. 
Saint Vincent, Sant Yin-sent, Br. W. 

Ind. Is., 30%: Cape Verd Is. 
Saint- Vincent-de-Paul, Sail- Yin -sent- 

de-Pol, v C. E., 3. [s. Aust. 

Saint Vincent (Sant Yin-sent) Gulf, 
Saint Xavier, Zav-i-er, i w. Pat. 
Saint- Yrieix, Saii-8-ri-a, t Fr., 7%. 
Sakinara, Sqk-mq-rq, r Rus., 350 in. 
Sal, Sql, rs Rus., 250 m.; Peru; Cape 

Yerd I*., %. 
Sala, Sq-lq, t Nap., 6. 
Salado, Rio, Re-o Sq-lq-Ao, rs Buenos 

Ayres, 400 in.; La Plata, 1000 m. 
Salahieh, Sq-lq-hg-e, t Lower Eg., 6. 
Salama, Sq-lq-mq, t Guatemala, 5. 
Salamanca, Sq-lq-mqrj-kq. c Sp., 14. 
Salauais, Sal-a-mis, i of Greece, Gulf 

of JSgina, 5. 

Salawatty, Sq-lq-wqt-e, i Malay Arch. 
Salayer, Sq-lj-er, i Malay Arch., 60. 
Sale, Sq-la, t Sard. States, 5. 
Sale, Sq-la, s-pt t Morocco, 10. 
Saletn, Sa-lem, t Br. Ind., 19; c Mass., 

21; GO ts N-J. 4, la. 2, 111. 1, Ya.; cap 

Or., l%\ vs N-Y. 3, N. C. 1%, Miss.; 

t 0., 2%. 

Salemi, Sq-la-mg, t Sic., 8. 
Salerno, Sq-ler-no, c Nap., 19; g Med. 
Salford, Sal-ford, t and par Eng., 63^. 
Salgado, Sql-gq-do, r and i Bra., 4. 
Salghir, Sql-ger, r Crimea, 100 m. 
Salibabo, Sq-li-bq-bo, is Malay Arch. 
Salina, Sq-le-aq, Lipari Is., Med., 4; 

Sa-lj-na, v N-Y., 2. 
Saline, Sa-leo, vs Mich., Mo.; Jayow 

La.; r Ark., 200 m. 
Saliueville, Sa-len-vil, v 0., J^. 
Salins, Sq-lan, t Fr., 7^. 
Salisbury, Selz-ber-i, c Eng., 11^; CO t 

N. C., 2; vs Vt. 1, Mass. 3, Conn. 3, 

Md. \y*. 

Salo, Sq-lo, t Aus. It,, 5%. 
Salona, Sq-16-nq, t Greece, 4. [70. 
Salonica, Sq-lo-ne-kq, s-pt c Eu. Tur., 
Sal Rey, Sql Ra, Cape Yerd Is., 3>. 
Salsette, Sql-set-a, i Br. Ind.j 50. 
Salso Maggiore, Sql-so Mqd-jo-ra, v 

Parma, 5%. 

Salta, 86,1-tq, c La Plata, 8. 

SaltcoaU, Solt-kots, s-pt t Scot., 4J^. 

Saltillo, Sql-tel-yo, t Mex., 6; Sal- 
til-o, vs la., Tenn. 

Salt Lake City, cap Utah Ter., inhab- 
ited by Mormons ; pop. 10. 

Salt (Salt) Range, 'ms Punjab, 

Salt River, cr Ky., entering the Ohio 
below Louisville ; r Mo. 

Saltzburg, Solts-burg, v la., %. 

Salubria, Sa-h^-bri-u, v N-Y. 

Saluda, Sa-Iq,-da, r S. C., 200 m. 

Saluria, Sa-h\-ri-a, v Tex. 

Saluzzo, Sq-li&t-so, c N. It., 14^. 

Salvisa, Sal-v|-za, v Ky. 

Salwin, Sql-win, large r Far. Ind. a 

Salzburg, Solrs-burA, c Up. Aus., 14%. 

Salzungen, Sqlt-surj-en, t Cen.Ger., 3. 

Salzwedel, Sqlts-Va-del, t Prus. Sax. ,8. 

Samakov, Sq-mq-kov, t Eu. Tur., 7. 

Samana, Sq-mq-nq', pen Hayti, 1% ; 
& San Domingo. 

Samar, Sq-inq*', i Malay Arch., 96)^. 

Samara, Sq-mq-rq, two rs Rus., 150 
and 280 m.; t Rus., 11. [50. 

Samarang, Sq-mq-rqrj, ft s-pt t Java, 

Samarcand, Sq-inqr-kqnd, c Indepen- 
dent Toorkistan, 10. 

Satnarrah, Sq-mqr-q, t As. Tur. 

Sambas, Sqin-bq.s, t is. Borneo, 10. 

Sambor, Sqm-be/ 1 , t Aus. Poland. 6^. 

Sainbre, Son-br, r Fr. and Belg., 100 m. 

Sambuca, Sqm-bt6-kq, t Sic., 8. 

Sarnoan, Sa-mo-an, or Navigator's Is- 
lands, Pac. Oc., 50. 

Samoieds, Sam-er-edz, three nomadie 
tribes occupying the shores of the 
Arctic Ocean. 

Samos, Sa-mos, i w. As. Minor, 50. 

Satnothraki, Sq-mo-firq-ke, i 
Sea, \y 2 . 

Samozero, Sq-mo-za-ro, i Rus. 

Samsoe. Sqm-se-e, *' of Den., 5J^. 

Samson, Eqm-Jon, i) Hun., 22%. 

Samsoon, Sqm-sdbn, s-pt t As. Minor. 

Sana, Sq-nq, c Arabia, 40. 

San Angel, Sqn fln'Ael, t Mex., 2. 

San Antonio, Sqn fln-to-ni-o, t Yen.; 
one of Cape Verd Islands; San 
An-to-ni-a, r and co t Tex., 7. 

San Antonio de Gibraltar, Sqn fln-to- 
ni-o da .flfc-Jrql-tqr, t Yen., 3. [1. 

San Augustine. San 9-gus-tEn, v Tex., 

San Bartolome de Tirajana, Sqn Bq? 1 - 
to-lo-ma da Te-rq-Aq-nq, t Canary 
Island, 3>. 

San Bias, San Blqs, s-pt t Mex., 2. 

San Buenaventura. Sqn Bwa-nq-ven- 
tdo-rq, r and t Gal. 

San Carlos, Sqn Kqr-los, t Yen., 10. 



San Cataldo, Sqn Kq-tqM-do, t Sic., 9. 

San Colcmbano, Sqn Ko-lum-bq-nis, t 
Lotubardy, 5. 

Sanda, San-da, * of Scot. 

Sandal wood (San-dal-wud) Island, 
populous * Malay Arch. 

San Datuiano d'AsJ, Sqn Dq-mi-q\-ntD 
Dqs-te, t It., 7. 

Sandbach, Sand-bac,, t Eng., 2%. 

San Diego, Sqn De-a-go, co t Cal., 2. 

Sundisfield, San-dis-feld, v Mass., 1%. 

San Domingo, San Do-min-go, or the 
Dominican Republic, st is. Hayti, 
having the following provinces: San 
Domingo, Azua de Cotnpostela, Sey- 
bo, Santiago de los Caballeros, Con- 
ception de la Vega; area 22,000 s. m., 
pop. 126,500 ; c, cap same, 10. 

Sandusky, San-dus-ki, c 0., 12. 

Sandwich, Sand-wic, f/r Sand-wij, bar 
and t Eng., 12%; is N-H. '2%, Mass., 
C. W. 

Sandwich Islands, or Hawaii, Hq-wj-e, 
13 is N. Pac. Oc.; area 6500 s. m., 
pop. 73,230. 

Sandy Hill, San-di Hill, co t N-Y. 

Sandy River, Va. and Ky., 150 m. 

San Felipe, Sqn Fa-le-pa, t Ven., 7; 
San Fil-ip, v Tex. 

San Felipe de Aconcagua,' Sqn Fa-le- 
pa da fl-kon-kq-gwq, t Chili, 12. 

San Felipe de Jativa, Sqn Fa-le-pa da 
//q-te-vq, c Sp., 13"^. 

San Fernando de Apure, Sqn Fer-nqn- 
dia da fl-pifi-ra, t Yen., 6. 

Sun Filippo d'Argiro, Sqn Fe-lip-o 
Dqr-je-ro, t Sic., 7J^. 

San Francisco, San Fran-sis-ko c Cal., 
60 ; Bay, the finest harbor in the 
world, Pac. Oc., Cal. 

San Francisco de la Montana, Sqn 
Frqn-sis-ko da Iq Mon-tq-nq, t N- 
Gran., 5%. 

Sangamon, Sarj-ga-mon, r 111., 200 m. 

Sangar, Sqn-g^r, str separating islands 
Niphon and Yesso. 

Sangay. Sqn-gj, vol m S. Am. 

Sangerhausen, S^rj-er-h's-zen, t Prus. 
Sax., 5%. 

San German, Sqn .Her-mq'n, t is. Porto 
Rico, 9}4. 

San Germane, Sqn Jer-roq 1 -no, t Nap., 5. 

San Gil, Sqn //"el, t N-Gran., 6. 

San Giovanni in Fiore, Sqn Jo-van- 
in Fe-6-ra, t Nap., 5%. 

Sanguir, Sqn-ger, i Malay Arch. 

Sang-Koi, Sqn-K0, r Far. Ind., 600 m. 

San Jacinto, Sqn Ja-sin-to, r and v 

Ban Jaime, Sqn #j-ma, t Yen., 7. 

San Jonqnin, Sqn /fo-q-kn, r Cal., 

350 m.; co and t do. 
San Jos6, Sqn //o-za, one of Pearl Is., 

Gulf of Panama; i Gulf of Califor- 
nia; co t Cal., 2. 
San Jose" de Baenavista, Sqn //o-sd 

da Bwa-nq-ves-tq, t Phil. Is., 7. 
San Jose del Interior, Sqn //u>-sa del 

Sn-ta-ri-wr, t Costa Rica, 18. 
San Jos<e del Parral, Sqn .Z/o-sa del 

Pqr-qM, t Mex., 5. 
San Juan, Sqn //OD-OJI, rs Nicaragua, 

100 m.; Bolivia, 300 m.; Mex., 150 in.; 

t Peru, 18; Jq-an, t Cal. 
San Juan de la Frontera, Sqn //co-^n 

da Iq Fron-ta-rq, prov La Plata, 25. 
San Juan de los Remedies. Sqn 7/0)-(!ja 

da los Ra-ina-di-os, t Cuba, 5%. 
San Juan del-Rio, Sqn .fcto-q^n del R- 

o, t Mex., 10. 
San Juan de Porto Rico, Sqn T/da-oji 

da Pu;'-to Re^ko, c is. Por. Ri., 11. 
San Lorenzo de la Frontera, Sqn Lo>- 

ren-zo da Iq Fron-ta-rq, t Bol., 4. 
San Lucar de Barranieda, Sqn Ijii-kqr 

da Bqr-q-ma-dq, c Sp., 17. 
San Luis, Sqn Ld>-is, prov and c La 

San Luis Potosi, Sqn Ldb-is Po-to-se, 

id, Mex.; pop. 394,592; c game, 40. 
San Marco in Lamis, Sqn Mqr-ko in 

L4- mis, t Nap., 9. [Tex. 

San Marcos, Sqn Mqr-kos, r and co t 
San Marino, Sqn Mq-re-na. t It., 7)^. 
San Martin, Sqn Mqr-tn,t> La Plain, :>. 
San Miguel, Sqn Me-gel, two is San 

Salvador, 8 and 10: t Cal.; vol state 

of Salvador; har N-Gran. [7%. 

San Nicandro, Sqn Ne-kqn-dro, iNap., 
San Nicolas, Sqn Ne-ka Iqs, Cape 

Verde Island, 6. 
San Nicolo, Sqn Ne-ko-16, cap t is. 

Tinos, Gr. Arch., 4. 
San Patricio, Sqn Pq-tre-si-o, co and 

co t Tex. [%; pt Cal. 

San Pedro, Sqn Pe-dro, t La Plata 1- 
Sanquhar, Sank-er, t Scot., 1%. 
San Roque, Sqn R<f>-ka, c Sp., 7%. 
San Salvador, Sqn Sql-vq-d6r, repub~ 

lie Cen. Am.; urea 7500 s. m., pop. 

280,000; c, cap of the republic; one of 

Bahama Is.; / S. Guinea, 20. 
San Salvador Do Bayamo, Da B4n-mo, 

t Cuba, 10. [10. 

Snnsanding, Sqn-pqn-din-, t Cen. Af., 
San Severo, Sqn Sa-va-ro, t Nap., 17. 
Santa Anna, Sqn-tq fln'q, t San Sal., 

10; ts Cal., &c.; Da Chaves, Da 

)q-ves, cap t is. of St. Thomas, 

Gulf of Guinea. 



Santa Barbara, Sqn-tq Bqr-bq-rq, co t 

Cal., 1; t Bra., 4; Islands, s. of Cal. 
Santa Caterina, Sqn-tq Kq-ta-rs-nq, 
ft t Sicily, 5%. _ [12. 

Santa Catharina, Kq-tq-re-nq, *' Bra., 
Santa Clara, Sqn-tq Klq-rq, cot Cal. 
Santa Cruz, Sqn-tq Knus, / Pat., 200 

m.: co t Cal.; or Saint Croix, Sant 

Krer, largest of the Virgin Is., 23% ; 

t Brazil, 3 ; t is. Luzon, 5%. 
Santa Cruz De La Pulina, Da Lq Pql- 

mq, cap is. Pahna, 5%. 
Santa Cruz De Los Rosales, Da Los 

Ro-sq-les, t N. ilex. 
Santa Cruz De Teneriffe, Da Ten-e-rif, 

cap c Canary Is., 8. 
Santa Fe, Sqn-tq Fa, cap t N-Mex., 4- 

%: t Sp., 4%; i and c La Plata, 4. 

Santagny, Sqn-t^g-ns, t is. Majorca, 5. 

* Santa Inez, Sqn-tq 8-nes, r and t Cal. 

Santa Juana, Sqn-tq // q-nq, i Chili. 

Santa Margarita, Sqn-tq Mqr-gq-rs-tq, 

t Sicily, 7; * Lower Cal. 
Santa Maria, Sqn-tq Mq-re-q, * of the 

Azores. [Majorca, 5^. 

Santa Maria De Rosal, Da Ro-aql, t 
Santa Maria Di Capua, De Kq-pu>-q, 

t Naples, 8^. 

Santa Marta, Mqr-tq, s-pt N-Gran., 8. 
Santa Maura, M^j-rq, Ionian Is., 18. 
Santander, Sqn-tqn-d.v 1 , c Sp., 16^; 

r Mex., 110 m. [Brazil, 10. 

Santaretn, Sqn-tq-ren, t Port., 8; t 
Santa Rita, Rg-tq, v Tex., 1%. 
Santa Rosa, Ro-sq, t Mex., 4; t Chili, 6; 

J N-Gran.; OT Fa., San-te, r S. C., 150 m. 
Santiago, Sqn-ti-q-go, largest Cape 

Verde Is., 10: dep Chili; r and t EC.; 

r San Salvador; Mex. 
Santiago De Chili, De Gil-e, cap c 

Chili, 80. 
Santiago De Compostela, Da Kom-pos- 

ta-lq, c Sp., 29. [U%. 

Santiago De Cuba. Da Kc6-bq, c Cuba, 
Santiago De Las Vegas, Da Lqs Va- 

gqs, t Cuba, 5%. 
Santiago Del Estero, Del Es-ta-ro, 

prov and t La Plata, 4. 
Santiago De Los Caballeros, Da Los 

Kq-bql-ya-ros, t Hayti, 12. 
Santo Antonio, Sqnt Hn-to-ni-o, Cape 

de Verde Island. 

Santo Antonio De Sa, Da Sq, 2 Bra., 7. 
Santo Antonio Dos Guarulhos, Dos 

Gwq-rrf>l-yos, t Bra., 6. [13. 

Santorini, Sqn-to-rE-ng, i Gr. Arch., 
Santos, Sqn-tos, t Bra., 8; t X-Gran. 
Santo Stefano Daveto, S^n-to Sta-fq- 

no Dq,-va-to, t Sardinian States, 6J^. 

San Vicente, Sqn Ve sen-la, t Sp., 6%; 
t San Salvador, 8. [6. 

Sao Bernardo, Sun Ber-nqr-do, c Bra., 

Sao Francisco, ShFrq,n-SEs-ktJ, rBra., 
1250 m.: i Bra. 

Sao Joao Del Rei, S*n Xo-in Del Ra-e 
c Bra., 6; Do Principe, Do Pren- 
si-pa, t Bra., 6. 

Sao Jorge, Sun Ze/'-ga, one of the 
Azores Is., 4. 

Sao Jorge Dos Ilheos, Sun Ser-ja Dos 
81-ya-os, t Bra., 3. 

Sao Jose, So-za, t Bra., 5. 

Sao Miguel de Piracicaba, Sun Me-gel 
da Pe-rq-si-kq-bq, v Bra., 11. 

Saone, Son, r Fr., 316 m. 

Saone-et-Loire, Son-a-Lwqr, dep Fr., 
3270 s. m.. pop., 547,720. 

Sao Paulo, Sun-Pu-lo, c Bra., 22. 

Sao Ramao, Ro-inun, t Bra., 3. 

Sao Roque, Rui-ka, I Bra., 4. 

Sao Salvador, Sql-vq-dor, c Bra. 

Sao Sebastiao, Sa-bqs-ti-uh, t Bra., 3. 

Sapan Tagh, Sq-pqn Tqg, m As. Tur. 

Saparooa, Sq-pq-rob-q, is Malay Arch. 

Sapucahi, Sq-pJQ-kq e. r Bra., 200 m. 

Saquarema, Sq-kwq-rq-niq, t Bra., 7. 

Sara, Bayou, Bj-co Sa-ra, L. 

Saragossa, Sq-rq-gos-q, c Sp., 30. 

Sarahsville, .Sa-raz-vil, co t 0., %. 

Saramaca, Sq-rq-mq-kq, r Dutch Gui- 
ana, 200 ra. 

Saransk, Sq-rqnsk, t Rus., 8^. 

Sarapiqui, Sq-rq-pe-ke, r Ccn. Am. 

Sara pool, Sq-rq-pcbl, t Rus., 6. 

Sarare, Sq-rq-ra, r Brazil. 

Saratoga ( Sar-a-to-ga ) Lake, N-Y. 

Saratoga Spring?, v N-Y., fij^ 1 . 

Saratov, Sq-rq-tov, ft t Rus., 45. 

Sarawak, Sq-rq-wqk, t is. Borneo, 12. 

Sardinia, Sqr-din-i-a, large i Med. 
Sea: area 9235 s. m., pop. 552,665 ; 
Kingdom, s. of Eu., composed of 
tbe island of Sardinia, and the Sar- 
dinian States on the Continent, 
namely : Alessandria, Anneey, Co- 
ni or Cuneo, Genoa, Ivrea, Nice, No- 
vara, Savona, Savoy or Chambery, 
Turin, Vercelli; area 28,229, pop. 
5,090,545; TO N-Y., O. 

Saree ur Sari, Sq-re, t Persia, 30. 

Sarlat, Sqr-lq, t Fr., 6. 

Sarmatta, Sq/'-mqt-q, i Malay Arch. 

Sartniento, Sqr-mi-ea-to, m Terra del 

Sarnia, Sqr-ni-a, t C. W., \\^. 

Sarno, Sqr-no, t Nap., 7. 

Sarpa, SqV-pq, r Rus., 200 in. 

Sarre, Sq/-, r Fr., and N. Ger., 120 m. 

Sarreguemines, Sqr-ga-men, t Fr., 5^. 



Sw-the, Sqri, r Fr., 145 tn. 
Sarzana, Sqrd-zq\ nq, t N. It,., 8J^. 
Sarzoau,, t X. It., 7%. 
Sasik, Sq-sik, I S. Rus. 
Saskatchewan, Sas-kaq-e-won, r Br. 

N. Am., 1000 in. 

Safari, Sq-sq-rg, c is. Sardinia, 24. 
Satoralja Ujhely, S^-to-rol-yo (D-i- 

hely, t Hun., 7%. [Ind. 

Satpoora (Sqt-pdb-rq) Mountains, On. 
Sattarah, Sqt-tq-rq, die and co/> Brit. 

Saucelito, So-se-le-to, naval station 

Cal., 12 in. of San Francisco. 
Saugerties, or Ulster, Se-ger-tiz, or 

Ul'ster, N-Y. 

Rauk (Sok) Indians, same as Sacs. 
Sauk Rapids, co t Mm., %; rdo. 
Saumur, Sa-mer, i Fr., 14%. 
Saundersville, Son-derz-vil, co t Ga. 
Saut (or Sault) Sainte Marie, So San 

Mq-rg, usually Set) Sant Ma-re, v 

Mich., 1. 

Savage Islands, Pac. Oc. 
Savaii, Sq-vj-g, Sauioan Island, Pac. 

Oc., 20. 
Savanah, Sa-van-a, r S. C., 450 m.; c 

Ga., 16 ; co ts Tenn., Mo.: 111. 
Save, Sqv or Sav, r Aus. Em., 550 m. 
Saverne, Sq-v^rn, t Fr., 6}-. 
Savigliano, Sq-vgl-yq\-no,/< t It., 15j^. 
Savona, Sq-vo-nq, t It., 16%. 
Savoo, Sq-vc6, i S. Pac. Oc., 25. 
Savoy, (Duchy of,) Sav-er, one of the 

Sardinian States, pop. 591,135. 
Sawarcarna ( Se-war-k^r-na ) River, 

Mo. Ter., 200 m. 
Saxe - Altenbnrg , Saks - fll'ten-burg , 

duchy Con. Ger., pop. 132,850. 
Saxe - Coburg-Gotha, Saks-Kij-burg- 

G6-ta, ducky Cen. Ger., pop. 150,412. 
Saxe-Meiningen-IIildburghausen, Saks 

Mj-nin-en Hild burg-h's-zen, duchy 

Cen. Ger., 166,364. 
Saxe- Wei mar-Eisenach, Saks-Wj-mar- 

fc'zen-ak, grand duchy Cen. Ger., 

pop. 262,524. 

Saxon (Saks-on) Land, s. part Tran- 
sylvania, pop. 446,700. 
Saxouy, Saks-o-ni, k Cen. Ger., pop. 

1,987,832; Prussian, prov central 

part Prussia, pop. 1,781,300. 
Saypan, Sj-pqn, Ladrone Island. 
Scala Nova, Sko^-lq N-vq, s-pt t As. 

Min., 20. 

Scalpa, Skal-pa, is Hebrides. 
Scalpay, Skal-pa, i Hebribes, "%. 
Scarborough, Sk^r-bur-o, bor and s-pt 

t Eng., 13. 
Scarp, Skqrp, Outer Hebrides, %. 

Searpanto, Skdr-pqn-to, t Mod. Sea. 
Schaerbeek, S4/--bak, v Belg., 4^. 
Scliaffhausen, Xqf-hj-zen, can and t 

of Swit., 7-%. 
Schaghticoke, Xag-ti-kok, v N-Y. 

iL-isburg. Eed-ba>rA, t Tran., 6)^. 
Scheldt, Skclt, r Eu., 200 m. 
Scbclestadt, Za-les-t^d, ft t Fr., 10^. 
Scheinnitz, X6m-nits, t Hun., 19. 
Schenectady, Sken-ek-ta-di, c N-Y., 9. 
Schiedam, S/ie-dqra, t Neth., 12%. 
Schiermonnik-oog, SAer-mon-ik-wg, 

N. Sea, %. 

Schintznach, Xints-nqA, Swit., 1J^. 
Schio, Ske-o, t Aus. It., 6%. [%. 

Schlangenberg, Xlqn-en-be-A, t Sib., 4- 
Schleisingerville, Xli-sip-er-vil, v Wis. 
Schleitz, Sljts, t Cen. Ger., 4^. 
Schleusingen, Eltr-sin-en, t Prus. Sax/ 


Schluckenau, Eluk-e-n's, t Boh., 3^. 
Schmalkalden, Sin^l-kql-den, t Ger., 

4tf. PX. 

Schmiedeberg, Xuie-de-berA, < Ger., 
Schneeberg, Ena-be? 1 ^, < Sax., T%. 
Schneekoppe, Ena-kop-e, m Prus. Sil. 
Schneideuiiihl, Xjn-de-mel, t Pru*. I'ol., 

4%. [ T 2%. 

Schohario, Sko-har-e, co and N-Y., 
Schonheido, Xen-hj-de, Sax., 4)^. 
Sehonlinde. E6n-lin-de, < Boh., 6. 
Schbnwalde, Xen-wql-de, t Prus., 2J^. 
Schoodic ( Skdo-dik) Lakes, Me. 
Schoolcraft, Skdbl-kraft, v Mich., 1^. 
Schoorisse, SAci-ris-e, v Belg., 3^. 
Schorndorf, X/-n-do;'f, t Wurt., 3%. 
Schouten (Edb-ten) Island, o. coast of 

Van Die. Land: i Malay Arch. 
Schouwen, Ski-en, i prov. of Zeal. 
Schreckhorn, Erek-hern, m Swiss Alps, 

13,492 ft. [the Danube. 

Schiitt, Set, (Great and Little,) i in 
Schuyler, Skj-ler, cos 111., N-Y.. Mo. 
S'ehuylerville. Skj-ler-vil, v N-Y. 
Schuylkill, Skitl-kil, r Pa., 120 in. 
Schuylkill Haven, bin- Pa.. 2%. 
Schwabach, Ewq-bqA, t Bavaria, 10. 
Schwarza, Ewqrt-sq, rs Ger. 

!{<6-dol-stqt, princip Ger., 69.000. 
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Xwqrts- 

burA-Son-derz-hu-zen, principality 

Cen. Ger., 60,847. 
Schwatz, Xwqts, t Tyrol, 8. 
Schwedt, Xwet, t Prus., 6>^. [13. 

Schweidnitz, Xwjd-nitz, ft t Prus. Sil., 
Schweinfurt, Ewjn-furt, t Bav., 7%. 
Schwerin, Xwa-ren, t N. Ger., 17J/> ( 

Prus., 5}; i Ger. 
Schwiebus, Ewe-bus, t Proa. 



Schwytz, Swits, v Swit., 5)^. 
Sciacoa, X^k q, s-pt t Sicily, 12%. 
Sciglio, Egi-yo, prom Naples. 
Scilly(Sil-i) Islands, s. w. of Eng., 2%. 
Seio, Es-o or Sj-o, * w. of As. .Miu., 

62; t of sa:ne 14>; w N-Y., 2.; Mich., 
Sciortino, Xsr-te-nQ, t Sicily, 6. [1J4. 
Scioto, Si-o-tQ, r 0., 200 rn. 
Scipio, Sip-i-o, w la., N-Y. 
Scituate, Sit-i^-at, v Mass., 2%. 
Sclavonia, Skla-vd>-ni-a, proo Aus. 
Scoglio Grande, Skul-yO) Grqn-da, 

largest Brioni Island, Adriatic Sea. 
Scotland, Skat-land, northern part of 

the island of Gr. Brit.; area 29,417, 

pop. 2,838,742. 
Scottsville, Skots-vil, m N-Y., Va., 1%; 

co ts Va., Ala., liy. 
Scranton, Skrau-ton, bor Pa., 3. 
Scriba, Skrj-ba, N-Y., 2%. 
Scriven, Skriv-en, co Ga. 
Seulltown, Skul-t^n, v N-J. 
Scutari, Skcf>-tq-re, t As. Min., 50; t 

Eu. Tur., 40. 

Seabrook, Se-bruk, v N-H., 1^. 
Seaeombe, Se-kutnb, v Eng., 3. 
Seaford, Se-t'ord, v Del., %. 
Seal Islands, Pac. Oc., oft' Peru. 
Seal River, Br. N. Am., 200 in. 
Searcy, Ser-si, co Ark.; co t do. 
Searsinont, Serz-tnont, Me., l /a. 
Searsport. Serz-poirt, v Me., 2. 
Seattle, Set-1, co t Wash. Ter. 
Sebastian, Se-bast-yan, co Ark. 
Sebastopol or Sevastopol, Se-bas-t6- 

pol, t Kus., 40. 

Se-Becro (Se-Be-ro) Island, Ind. Oc. 
Sebenico, Sa-ba-ni-ko, t Dalinatia, 6. 
Secunderabad, Ss-kun-der-q-bojd, t 

Ind., 34>g. 

Sedan, Se-don, ft t Fr., 37. 
Sedbergh, Sed-berg. t Eng., 4J^. [2i^. 
Sedgefield, Sej-feld, i and par Eng., 
Sedlitz or Seidlitz, Sed-litz, v Boh., 

mineral springs. L^/^- 

Saehausen, Sa-hs-zen, ^ Prus. Sax., 
Seekonk, Sg-korjk, v Mass., 2^. 
Seeland or Zealand, Zg-lqnd, the 

largest i belonging to Denmark, bet. 

the Cattegat and the Baltic Sea; 

area 2840 s. m., pop. 499,400. 
Seelyville, Se-li-vil, v Pa., %. 
Seevas, Ss-vq?, t As. Tur., 24. 
Seez, Sa, t Fr., 5. 

Sego, Sa-go, I Rus.; t Con. Af., 30. 
Segorbe, Sa-gor-ba, c Sp., 6. 
Segovia, Sa-go-vi-o,, c Sp., 6%. 
Segre, Sa-gra, r Sp., 150 m. 
Seguin, Se-gwin, co t Tex. [m. 

Seguudo, Sa-gooQ-do, r La Plata, 130 ; 

Segura, Sa-g^-rq,, r Sp., 130 m. 
Seil, Sel, *' Inner Hebrides. 
Seiland, Sj-lcind, i n. w. Norway. 
Seine, San, r Fr., 497 m.; dep Fr.; 

area 185 s. m., pop. 1,420,580. 
Saine-et-Marne, San-a-Mqrn, dtp Fr., 

area 2154s. in., 345,076. 
Seine-et-Oise, San-a-Wqz, dep Fr.; 

area 2141 s. m., pop. 421,882. ^ 
Seino-Inferieure, San-Aii-fa-ri-er, den 

Fr.; area 2298 s. m., pop. 7(52,039. " 
Selangan, Sa-lan-g4n, t is. Murdinao, 


Selby, Sel-bi, t and par Eng., 5^. 
Sjligher, Sa-li-gv, I Rus. 
Selime, Sa-le-ma, oasis desert Nubia. 
Selimno, Sa-lim-no, t Eu. Tur., 20. 
Selkirk, Sel-kerk, t and par Scot., 


Selma, Sel-ma, w Ala., 1J^; Mo. 
Semao, Sa-mq,-o, i Malay Arch. 
Semendria, SE-uien-dri-q,,/^ t Servia, 9. 
Semerone, Se-me-ron, r Ind. Ter., 

600 m. 
Seminole (Sem-i-nol or Sem-in-o-le) 

Indians, tr Fa. 

Siiinlin, Sem-len, t Aus. Em., 10^. 
Seneca, Sen-e-ka, v C. W., 3%. 
Seneca Falls, N-Y. 
Seneca Indians, tr w. N-Y. 
Seneca Lake, N-Y.; vs N-Y., N. C. 
Seneffe, Se-nef, v Belg., 3J^. 
Senegal, Sen-g-gal, r W. Af.. 1000 m.; 

Fr. col W. Af. 
Senegambia, Sen-e-gam-bi-a, a region 

W. Af.; the history of the country 

is too imperfect to obtain its area, 

and the number of its inhabitants. 
Seniavine (Sa-ni-q,-vn) Islands, Pao. 


Senjen, Sen-yen, is n. w. coast Nor. 
Senlis, Son-les, t Fr., 5^. 
Sennaar, Sen-qr, st and c Af., 4. 
Sens, Son, c Fr., 10%. 
Sentis, Sen-tis, m Swit., 8^ ft. 
Sept-Isles, Set-Si, ig n. Brittany. 
Sepulga, Se-piil-ga, r Ala. d 
Sequatchie, Se-kwaq-e, r Tenn., 100 m. 
Seraing, Se-ran, v Belg., 3^. [%. 
Serampore, Ser-am-por, t Br. Ind., 12- 
Sereq, S^rk, i Eng. Chan. 
Seres, Ser-es, t Eu. Tur., 30. 
Sereth, Ser-et, r Moldavia, 270 m. 
Sergipe. Ser-ge-pa, v and prov Brazil, 

31,958 s. m ; pop. 175,000. 
Serido, Sa-rs-do, r Bra., 120 m. 
Serinagur, Ser-i-nq-gdr, cap c Cash- 

mera, 40. [S. Ind. 

Seringapatam, Ser-in-ga-pa-tam, ft 
Serino, Sq,-re-no, t Naples, 6. 



Serle (Serl) Island, Pac. Oc., ^. 
Serm:itt;i, Se7--mq-% t Malay Arch. 
Sennide, Ser-me-da, v Aust. It., 5. 
Serpho, Ser-fu, t Gr. Arch., %. 
Serpookhov, Ser-po>-A6v, t Kus., 13. 
Serravalle, Ser-q-vq^-la, t It., 5J/g. 
Servia, Sv 5 r-vi-a, cy Eu., area 20,000 
Seskar, Ses-kqr, i Gulf of Fin. [a. m. 
Sestri a Levante, Ses-tre R-la-vqn-ta, 

t N. It., 7}4. 

Setang, Se-tan, r Burmah, 260 m. 
Setauket, Se-to-ket, N-Y. 
Setta, Set-q, t Dahomey, 9. 
Settle, Set-1, t Eng., 2. 
Sotubal, Sa-td>-bql, s-pt c Port., 15. 
Sevastopol or Sevastopol, Sev-as-txG- 

pol, t and naval station Eu. Kus.. 40. 
Sevellan, Sa-vel-qn, raX. Per., 13,000 ft. 
Savenoaks, Sev-n-<f>ks, t Eng., 1%. 
Severn, SeV-ern, r Eng., 210 m.; r 

MJ., &c. 

Sevier, Sev-er, cos Ark., Tenn. 
Seville. Sev-il, c Sp., 100}^; 0. 
Sevre-Nantaise, Sevr (or Savr) Non- 

taz, r Fr., 70 m. 

Sevre-Niortaise, Ne-er-taz, r Fr. 
Sevres, Sevr or Savr, t Fr., 4%. 
Sevres, Deux, De Savr, dep Fr.; area 

2315 s. m., pop! 323,615. 
Scwickleyvillo, Sq,-ik-li-vil, v 0., %. 
Seybo, Sj-bo, t Hayti, 5. 
Seychelles, Sa-Jel, u Ind. Oc., 7. 
Seymour, Se-iner, vs Conn., la., C. W. 
Sezza, S<t-sq, t It., 8%. 
Shaduan, Zq-dcD-q'n, *' Red Sea. 
"Shaftsbury, iaf ts-ber-i, bor and t Eng., 

2); o Vt., 2. 

Shaupoor, Xq-pdE>r, r Persia. 
Shalersville, Xa-lerz-vil, vs Pa., 0. 
Shamaka, Old, Old E^-m^-kq, v Kus., 


Shauirnar(Sam-4r) Mountains, Arabia. 
Shamokin, Xani-o-kin, v Pa., 2. 
Shamrock, Xam-rok, 0. 
Sbanesville, Eanz-vil, v 0., %. 
Shang-Hai, Eag-Hj, s-pt c China, 190. 
Shang-I-Yuen, Sqn-8-Yd)-en, t China, 
Shannon, Xan-on, r Ir., 224 m. [100. 
Shann mdalo ( Xan-on-dal ) Springs, 

watering-place Va. 
Shannonville, Xan-on-vil, vs Pa., C. 

W., J*. 

Shao-Choo, Sq-o-&6, c China, 40. 
Shao-lling, Eq-u-Hig. c China. 
Shao-King, Xq-o-Kiy, ft c China. 
Shao-Woo. Eq-o-Wif), ft c China. 
Shapiiishay, Xap-in-Ja, Orkney Is., %. 
Sharon, Xii-rmi, vs Vt.. Mass., Conn., 

Pa., Va., Miss., 0., Mich., 111., Io., 


Sharon Centre, c 0. [N-Y. 

Sharon Springs, v and wattring-pl&co 
Sharonville, Xa-ron-vil, 0. 
Sharpsburg, Sqrps-burg, r la., 2; Ky. 
Sharpsvilln, Sqrps-vil, v hi. 
Sharptown, Xqrp-tTSn, M-J. 
Shasta, Xi'is-ta, co t Gal. 
Shaste, Xqs-te, m Cal., 14,000 ft., X>itk, ^ Kus., 6. 
Shawnee (XJ-ue) Indians, tr now in 

Kansas Ter. 

Shawneetown, SJ-nE-tTsn, t 111., 2. 
Shayuen, Xa-yu,-en, r Min., 300 m. 
Sheboygan, Ee-btf-gan, r and t Wis.; 

Falls, v Wis., %. 
Shediac, Eed-i-qk, t N-Brun., 2. 
Sheeraz, Ee-rqz, c Per., 30. 
Sheerness, Eer-nes, l-ft t Eng., 8U. 
Sheffield, Eef-eld, par and t; Eiig.; 

1:351^: r* Mass., 2%; Pa., <tc. 
Shehr, EeAr, t Arabia, 6. 
Sheilville, Eel-vil, p o la. 
Shelburn, Eel-burn, m Vt., l^N-H. 
Shelburne, Et3l-burn, s-pt t X. Scotia. 
Shelburne Falls, v Mass., 1. 
Shelby, Eel-bi, n, N-Y., O.; en t N. C. 
Shelbyville, Eel-bi-vil, co t* Tex. 

Teun., 1: Ky., 2; la., 1): 111., Mo. 
Sheldon, Eel-don, r Vt., H-Y. 
Sheligov, Eel-i-gov, / Kus. Am. 
Shelliif, Eel-if, r Algeria, 250 m. |m. 
Shenandoah, Een-an-do-a, r Va., 170 
Shenango, Ee-nan-gu, cr Pa. [%. 
Shepherdstown, Eep-erdz-tisn, i Va., l- 
Sheperdsville, Eep-erdz-vil, co < Ky. 
Sheppy, Eep-i, i Eng., in mouth of 

Sheptoti-Mallet, Ee'p-ton-Mal-et, t and 

par Eng., 3%. 
Sherborn, Eer-born, r Mass. 
Sherborne, Eer-barn, t Eng., 3%. 
Sherboro, Eer-bur-o, i off Guinea; r 

Guinea, 230 m. 

Sherbrooke, Eer-bruk, t C. E., 1>^. 
Sherburne, Eer-burn, v N-Y., 2^. 
Sheridan, Eer-i-dan, v N-Y. 
Shermon, Eor-man, co t Tex. 
Shermansville, Eer-manz-vil, v R. I. 
Sherington, Eer-in-ton, C. E., 11^. 
Shetland (Eet-land) Islands, araA N. 

At. Oc., 31. 

Shiashkotan, Ee-qJ-ko-t4n, Koorilo '. 
Shiawassee, Ej-a-wos-e, r, m and 

Mich. I Eng., 29. 

Shields, South, Sxft Seldz, lor and t 
Shieldsborough, Etldz-bur-w, co t 


Shiel, Loch, LoA Eel, I Scot. 
Shienne, Ee-e'n, r Mo., 200 m. 
Shiffnal, Eif-nal, t Eng., 5%. 



Shikarpoor, Zik-ar-pdf>r, t Sinde, 30. 

Shiloh, Zj-lo. vs N-J., N. C. 

Shinandoah Zin-an-di5-a, N-Y. 

Shinnston, Zinz-ton, t) Va. 

Shippensburg, Zip-enz-burg, bar Pa. 

Shippensville, Zip-enz-vil, v Penn. 

Shippingp'irt, Zip-in -port, v Ky. 

Shirley, Zer-li, v Mass., 1%. 

Shoa or Schoa, Zoj-q, state Abys. 

Shoalhaven. Zu>l-ha-ven, r N. S. Wales. 

Shokapee, So-ka-pe, cot Minn. 

Shokokon, Zo-kci-kon, p o 111. 

Shoneaw, Zj-ne-e, v Wku 

Shongalo, Zon-ga-lo, r Mis?. 

Shoojuabad, ZiD-jco-a-b^d, t Punjab, 10. 

Slioomla, Zjbin-lq, c Bulgaria, 21. 

Shooster, Zi>s-ter, c Persia, 8. 

Shoreham, Zor-ham, s-pt t Eng., 2%; 
v Vt., 1%. 

Shoshoneos, Za-Jo-nez, or Snake In- 
dians, Ir Oregon. 

Showstown, Ziiz-tTm, v Penn., 1. 

Shreveport, Zrev-port, co t La., 3. 

Shrewsbury, Zroz-ber-i or Zrdbz-ber-i, 
lor and t Eng., 19%; t>* Vt., N-J., 
Ponn. [Scotia. 

Shubenacadie, Zda-ben-a-ka-de, r N. 

Shullsburg, Zul/,-burg, v Wis., 2>^. 

Shumalari, Zuin-a-lar-e, peak of the 
Himmnlaya Mountains, 27,200 ft. 

Shuna, Zi\-na, i Inner Hebrides. 

Shusan, Zi^-san, v N-Y. 

Siah-Koh, Se-a-kcfi, m Afghanistan. 

Siak or Siakh, SE-q,k,r andai Sumatra. 

Siarn. Si-am, king Asia; area, about 
250,000 s. m.; pop., about 5,000,000; 
g Siain, 500 by 300 m. 

Siamo, Se-q-mo, * Malay Arch. 

Siang-Yang; Se-qvj-Yqrj, c China. 

Sinsc inset, Si-as-kon-set, v Mass. 

Siberia, Sj-bg-ri-a, large territory of 
North Asia belonging to Russia. Di- 
visions: West Siberia Tobolsk, 
Tomsk, Omsk. East Siberia Yeni- 
seisk, Irkootsk, Yakootsk, Okhotsk, 
Kamtcha'ka, Teh r>ok tehee. Area, 
4.812,389; pop. 2,887,184. 

Sibkah, Al. fll Sib-kq, salt I North 
Africa, 80 by 20 m. 

Sibley, Sib-li, -v Mo. 

Sibuyan. Se-bott-yqn, i Malay Arch. 

Sicily, Sis-i-li, i Mediterranean; area, 
10,556 s. in.; pop. 2,041,583. 

Sicuiiana, Ss-ka>l-yq-nq, t Sicily, 5}/. 

Sidmouth, Sid-inut, s-pt t and par 
Eng., 3V. 

Sidney, Sid-ni, vs Me., N-Y., Ind., 
111., Iowa: co t 0. [5}^. 

Siegen, Seg-en, t Prus. Westphalia, 

Sienna, Se-en-q, c Tuscany, 22. 

Sierra, Se-er-q, Sp. word for " saw," 
applied to the notched appearance of 
mountain ridges. 

Sierra Acarai, H-kq-rj, ms S. Am. 

Sierra Blanca, Blqrj-kq. m New Mex. 

Sierra de Caballo, da Kq-bql-yo, ms 
New Mexico. 

Sierra de la Lanterna, da Iq Lqn-t6r- 
nq, m New Mex. [Ter. 

Sierra ile la Platte, da Iq Plat, m Utah 

Sierra de la Vinda, da Iq Ven-dq, m 
Cordillera in Peru. 

Sierra de l<s Jumanes, da los fioo-mq- 
nes, ms New Mex. [New Mex. 

Sierra de San Juan, da Sqn H<b-(\n,ms 

Sierra Leone, Ls-6-ne, British colonial 
settlement, West Africa, 44%. 

Sierra Madre, Mq-dra, ms Mexico. 

Sierra Morena, Mo-ra-nq, ms Spain. 

Sierra Morina, Mo-re -nq, ms Cal. 

Sierra Nevada, Na-vq-dq, ms Sp. Pen.; 
Na-vq-dq, ms Cal. [Am. 

Sierra Pacaraima, Pq-kq-rj-mq, ms S. 

Sigourney, Sig-ur-ni, v Iowa, %. 

Siguenza, Se-gwen-tq, t Sp., 5. 

Sikhs or Seiks, ricks, warlike nation, 
Br. India. [%. 

Sikino, Se-ks-no, Grecian Arch.; 

Sikokf, Ss-kokf, i Japan. 

Silesia, Sj-le-Ji-a, prov Prus.; area, 
15,820 s. m.; pop. 3,060,593. 

Silesia, Austrian, part of Siiesia sub- 
ject to Austria. 

Silistria, Si-lis-tri-a, c Eu. Tur., 20. 

Siljan, Sil-yqn, I Sweden. 

Silvan, Sil-van, Mich., 1. 

Silver Creek, N-Y. 

Silver Spring, v Penn., 2. 

Simabara, Se-mq-bq-rq, y Japan. 

Simbeersk or Simbirsk, Sim-bsrsk, gffe 
Russia; area, 27,944 s. in.; pep. 1,- 
024,236; cap e of above, 35%. 

Simcoe, Sim-ko, I and t Can. W., 1^. 

Simferopol or Simpheropol, Sim-fer- 
6-pol, t S. Russia, 8. 

Simooseer, Se-mo>-ser, Koorile island. 

Simplon, San-plon, m Switz. 

Simpsonville, Simp-son-vil, - Ky. 

Simsbury, Simz-ber-i, Conn., 2. 

Sinai, Sj-na or Sj-na-j, Mount, Scrip- 
ture m, Arabia; pen bet. Gulfs of 
Suez and Akabah. 

Sind, Sind, r Hind., 220 m. 

Sinde, Sind, ter British India; area, 
52,120 s. m.; pop. 1.275,000. 

Singapore, Sin-ga-pcir, British settle- 
ment in S. E. Asia; pop. 52,891; c, 
cap of above, 26. 

Sing Sing, Sii) Sin, v N-Y., seat of 
cue of the state prisons, 3. 



Sinigaglia, Se-ne-gql-yq, s-pt t Pontif . 

State?, 22. 

Sinna, Sin-q, t Persia, 20. 
Kinniinari, Sen-q-mq-re, r Fr. Guiana, 


Sinope, Sin-o-pe, s-pt t As. Minor, 8. 
Sinu, Se-nc6, r New Granada, 200 m. 
Sioot, Se-<6t, t Upper Egypt, 20. 
Sioux Indians, SOD In'di-anz, tr Ne- 
braska territory; r Minn, ter.,300 m. 
Sipan Dagh, Se-pqn Dqg, m Tur. Ar. 
Siphanto, Sif-an-to, i Grec. Arch., 5. 
Sipotuba, Se-po-tdb-bq, r Brazil. 
Sippican, Sip-i-kan, v Mass. 
Siskiyou, Sis-ki-yd) or Sis-i-km, coCal. 
Sisteron, Sis-te-nfm, ft t Fr., 4%. 
Sisterville, Sis-ter-vil, Va., 1. 
Sistova, Sis-Ua-vq, t Eu. Tur., 20. 
Sitka, Sit-ka, t w. N. Am. 
Sitkhin, Sit-Ain, Aleutian island. 
Sittingbourne, Sit-in,-burn, t and par 

Eng., 3. [China. 

Siue-Foong-Shan, Se-co-a-Fd&rj-Xqn, m 
Siue-Sban, Se-tf>-a-Eqn, m China. 
Sivana, Se-vq-nq, I Br. Ind. 
Skagen, Skq-gen, cape Jutland 1%. 
Skager Rack or Skagerrak, Skag-er 

Rak, arm of North Sea. 
Skagtola-Tind, Skqg-telz-tind, m Nor. 
Skalits, Skq-lits, t Hun., 8%. 
Skamania, Ska-ma-ni-a, co Wash, ter. 
Skaneateles, Skan-e-at-les, N-Y., 

1%; I N-Y., 16 by 2 m. 
Skegness, Skeg-ne"s, v and par Eng. 
Skerries, Sker-iz, t IT., 2%. 
Skiatho, Ske-q-to, i Grec. Arch. 
Skiberbeen, Skib-er-ben, t Ir., 4. 
Skipton, Skip-ton, t Eng., 5. 
Skopelo, Sko-pa-lo, one of the North 

Sporades Islands, jEgean Sea, 2%. 
Skopin, Ska-pin, t Rus., 6. 
Skowhegan, feku-liE-gan, v Me., 1%. 
Skunk (Skunk) River, Iowa, 250 m. 
Skye, Sk|, t Inner Hebrides, 21)^. 
Skyros, Ske-ros, i Grec. Arch., 2%. 
Slatersville, Sla-terz-vil, v R. I., \y r 
Slavonia, Slq-vo-ni-q, or Sclavonia, 

Sklq-va-ni-q, ter Aug.; area, 3,656 

8. m.; pop. 336,000. 
Sleaford, Sle-ford, New, t Eng., 3%. 
Sleswick, Sles-wik, duchy Den., pop. 

363,000; t Den., cap. of above, 11%. 
Sleydinge, Slj-difl-e, Belgium, 5%. 
Sligo, Slj-gcs, lor and s-pt t Ir., 11>^; 

T/Tenn., O. 

Slobdosk, Slob-d6sk, t Rus., 6. 
Slonim, S16-nim, t Rus. Poland, 7%. 
Slootsk, Slootsk, t Rus. Poland, 8. 
Kmethport, Stne6-port, co t Penn. 
ymithborough, Smit-bur-o, v N-Y. 

Smithfield, Smifi-feld, co Is Va., 1; N. 

C.; t> Ind. 

Smithland, Smit-land, en t Ky. 
Smith's Falls, t Can. We.-r, 1. 
Smith's Sound, n. Baffin's bay. 
Smithvillc, Smit-vil, co ts N. C., Ark., 

Tenn.; N-Y.. Miss., Can. West. 
Smolensk, Smo-le'nsk, t Ru?., 13. 
Smyrna, Sm^r-na, c Asia Minor, 150; 

tw N-Y., 2; Del., 2; Tenn., 0.; g 

JKge&n Sea. 

Sneedsville, Sndz-vil, co t Tenn. 
Sneek, Snak, t Netherlands, 7%. 
Sniatyn, Sne-q-tin, t Aus. Pol., 6^. 
Snowdon, Sn6-don, m Wales. 
Snow Hill, co ts Maryland, 1^: N. C. 
Society (So-sj-s-ti) Islands, S. Pac., 

the principal of which are, Tahiti, 

Eimeo, Osnaburg: pop. 10,000. 
Socorro, So-kor-o. t New Granada, 12. 
Socotra, S6k-o-trq, i Ind. Oc., 4. 
Soda (S6-da) Lake, La. 
Sodus, S-dus, v N-Y., 4%; I 35 m. 

e. of Rochester. N-Y. 
Sodns Point, v N-Y. 
Soerabaya, Sdo-rq-bJ-q, s-pt t Java, 60. 
Soerakarta, Soo-rq-kqr-tq, t Java, 10. 
Soest, Sest, t Prus. Westphalia, 8%. 
Sofala, So-fq-lq, r E. Africa, 200 m. 
Sohatn, Sto-ham, t Eng., 2%. 
Soignies, Swqn-ye, t Belgium, 6J^. 
Soissons, Swq-s6n,, ft t Fr., 9 %. 
Solano, So-lq-no, co Cal. 
Solesmea, So-latn, t Fr., 5%. 
Soleure, S6-l^r, t Switz., 5J^. [6J4- 
Solingen, S<&-lijj-en, t Rhen. Prus., 
So-ling-shan, So-lirj-J^n, m China. 
Soller, Sol-y4r, t is. Majorca, 7. 
Solo, So-lo, r Java, 356 m. 
Solofra, So-16-frq, t Naples, 5J^. 
Solomon (S61-o-mon,) Islands, Pacific 

Oc.; is Indian Oc. 
Solon, So-lon, Me., 1; Iowa. 
Solor, S<a-ler, i Malay Arch. 
Solt, Soil, t Hun., 7. 
Solta, S61-tq, i Dalmatin, \y ? . [Sea. 
Solway Frith. S61-wa Frit, inlet Irish 
Somerford, Sdm-er-ford, v 0. 
Somers, Sdm-erz, vs Conn., N-Y. 
Somerset, Siim-er-set, v Mass.; Zw 

Penn., 1; co ts Ky., 0., 1^. 
Somers Point, v N-J. 
Somerton, Stim-cr-ton, t and par Eng., 

2K; vs Va., 0. 
Somerville, Sura-er-vil, v Mass., 5; co 

ts N-J., 1; Ala., Tenn.: vi N-Y., 0. 
Sornmariva del Bosco, Som-q-re-vq del 

B6s-ko, t Pied., 5^. 
Somtne, Sora, dep and r Fr., 117 m. 
Sommco, Suin-eu, I Sweden. 



Sommerfold, Sum-er-felt, t Prus., 3%. 
Somonauk, Som-o-nek, v 111. 
Sondershausen, Son-derz-h'5-zen, t 

Cen. Ger., 3>. 

Sone, or Soane, Son, r Ind., 440 m. 
Song-Kiang, Son-Ke-qn, c China. 
Sonneberg, >6n-a-berA, t Ger., 3%. 
Sonnenburg, S6n-en-bxarA, t Prus., 3. 
Sonoma, Sta-no-ma, co and t Cal., 1. 
Sonora, So-no-ra, co t Cal., 2^; r 

Mex., 300 m.; staff Mexico; area, 

123,466 s. m.; pop. 147,133; t state 

of Sonora, 8. [dor, 10. 

Sonsonate, Son-so-nq-ta, t San Salva- 
Soo-Chow-Foo, SiD-felTS-Foo, t China, 

pop. 2,000,000. 
Soodan or Soudan, Sdb-doji, undefined 

region of Central Africa. 
Sooja, Sd-jq, t Russia, 7. [As.Tur. 
Sook-el-Shooyookh, So&k-el-Soo-yOoA, t 
Rookhona, Sd>-7t<f>-nq, r Rus., 250 ui. 
Soolina, Soa-le-nq, branch of the Dan- 
ube in Bessarabia. 
Sooloo (ScD-kb,) Islands, arch Ind. Oc., 

pop. 200,000; t Sooloo Arch., 6. 
Soomshoo, Scbm-J<D, Koorile Island. 
Soomy, S(6-me, t Rus., 12; I Siberia. 
Soongaree, Som-gq-re, r Mant., 800 m. 
Soongaria, Su>i)-gq-ri-q, part of the 

Chinese Empire in Central Asia. 
Soosa, S6-sq, s-pt Tunis, 10. 
Sophia. So-fe-q. c Eu. Tur., 50. 
Sora, Sa-rq, c Naples, 8. 
Soragno, So-r^n-yq, t Italy, 5^. 
Sorau, S(j-re, t Prus., 6%. 
Sorel, So-rel, v Can. East, 3%. 
Soresina, So-ra-se-nq, t Lorn., 5. 
Sorocaba, So-ro-kq-bq, t Brazil, 12. 
Soroe, S6-re-e, i Norway. 
Sorrento, Sor-e'n-to, t Naples, 10. 
Sosnitsa, Sos-nit-sq, t Rus., 5. 
Sosva, S6s-vq, r Siberia, 350 m. 
Sotoanne, So-to-q^n, Caroline Is. 
Soucook, Srf>-kuk, r N-H. 
Souhegan, Sco-he-gan, r Mass. 
Sound, S'snd, or Oeresund, Er-a-srfmd, 

str between Denmark and Sweden. 
South Abingdon, S'sfi Ab'in-don, V 


South Acton, Ak'ton, v Mass. 
South Adams, Ad'amz, v Mass. 
South Albion, Al'bi-on, v Me. 
South Amboy, Am-b*, v N-J., 2^. 
Southampton, Sut-hamp-ton, bar and 

s-pt t Eng., 35>^; v Mass., 1; Br. 

N. Am. 
South Australia, 0s-tral-ya, British 

colony of Australia; area, 300,000 s. 

m.; pop. 68,663. 
South Bend, co t Ind., 2. 

South Berwick, Ber-wik, v Me., 2%. 

South Bloomfi eld,' BU&rn-f eld, v 0. 

Southborough, Sit-bur-o, v Mass., 1J^. 

South Braintree, Bran-tre, v Mass. 

Southbridge, Sit-brij, Mass., 3. 

South Bridgewater, Brij-we-ter, t'Masa, 

South Bristol, Bris-tol, N-Y., 1}^. 

South Britain, Brit-en, v Conn. 

Southbury, SSfc-ber-i, v Conn. 

South Butler, Biit-ler, v N-Y. 

South Canaan, Ka-nan, Conn. 

South Candor, Kan-dor, -p N-Y. 

South Carolina; Kar-o-lj-na, one of 
the original II. S.: area, 30,213 s. m.; 
pop., whites, 274.563; free colored, 
8,960: slaves, 384,984; total, 668,507. 

South Carrollton, Kar-ol-ton, Ky. 

South Charleston, Gqrlz-ton, v O. 

South Charlestown, fc!qrlz-tl5n, v N-H. 

South Corinth, Kor-int, v N-Y. 

South Cortland, Kort-land, v N-Y. 

South Coventry, Kdv-en-tri, v Conn. 

South Danvers, Dau-verz, v Mass. 

South Dartmouth, Dqrt-mut, v Mass. 

South Dedham, Ded-ham, v Mass. 

South Deerfield, Der-feld, us N-H., 

Soath Dennis, Den-is, t> Mass. 
South Dorset, Der-set, v Vt. 
South Dover, D6-ver, v N-Y. 
South Easton, Ss'ton, t Penn. 
South English, In'gliJ, v Iowa. 
South Fairfax, F4r-faks, v Vt. 
South Fitchburg, Fig-burg, v Mass. 
South Fratningham, Fram-ig-ham, 


South Gardiner, Gq>-di-ner, Mass. 
South Genesee, Jen-e-se, v Wis. 
South Glastenbury, Glas-ten-ber-i, 


South Hadley, Had-li, v Mass., 2J^. 
South Hampton, Hamp-ton, v N-Y., 5. 
South Hartford, Hqrt-ford, v N-Y. 
South Harwich, Hqr-wiq, v Mass. 
South Hawley, Ho-li, v Mass. 
South Hingham, Hin-ham, Mass. 
Southington, S-st-in-ton, v Conn., 2%. 
South Keene, Ken, v N-H. 
South Lee, Le, v Mass. 
South Lincoln, Link-on, v Me. 
South Livonia, Li-vo-ni-a, v N-Y. 
South Maiden, Mel-den, v Mass., 1. 
South Merriinack, Mer-i-mak, v N-H. 
South Middleborough, Mid-1-bur-o, v 


South Milford, Mil-ford, v Del. 
South Nashville, NaJ-vil. t Teen., 3. 
South Newmarket, Nq,-mqr-ket, N-H. 
South Norwalk, Ner-wok, B Conn. 
Southold, Sit-old; v N-Y. 



South Orange, Or'anj, f N-J. 
South Orringtcn, Or'ig-ton, v Me. 
South Paris, Par-is, v Me. 
South Perry, Pe>-i, <o 0. [2>. 

South Pittsburg, Pita-burg, bor Penn., 
South Point, Pernt, v Mo. 
Southport, S-sti-port, vs Conn., 1J4; N- 

Y., 2%; Ind. 

South Reading, Red-in,, Mass., 2J4- 
South Royalston, Rt5r-alz-ton, Mass. 
South Royalton, Rtjf-al-ton, Vt. 
South Salem, Sa-lem, vs N-Y., 0. 
South Sandwich, Sand-wiq, v Mass. 
South Schodac, Sko-dak, v N-Y. 
South Scituate, Sit-yq,-at, vs Mass., 

South Seekonk, Se-kogk, v Mass. 
South Shaftsbury, Eafts-ber-i, v Vt. 
South Shetland, Set-land, arch South 
Atlantic. [1%. 

South Thomaston, T6m-as-ton, v Me., 
South Vornon, Ver-non, v Vt. 
Southville, SSt-vil, vs Conn., N-Y. 
Southwark, Slit-ark, bor Eng., 173. 
Southwell, Sifi-wel, t and par Eng., 


South Wellfleet, Wel-flet, v Mass. 

South Weyuaouth, Wa-umt, v Mass. 

South Wilbraham, Wil-bra-ham, v 
Mass. [Mass. 

South Williamstown, Wil-yamz-t-sn, v 

South Windham, Wind-ham, v Conn. 

South Woburn, W6-burn, v Mass. 

Smithwold, Sit-wold, bor and s-pt t 
Eng., 2K- 

South Yarmouth, Yqr-mtit, v Mass., 

Sovieille, So-ve-qel-a, D Tus., &%. 

Soxville, Soks-vil, Penn. 

Spa, Spo, t Belg., 3%. 

Spain, Span, /.<7 S. W. Europe, com- 
posed of the following divisions: 
New Castile, Old Castile, Leon, As- 
turias, Galicia, Estraraadura, Anda- 
lusia. Aragon, Murcia, Valencia, 
Catalonia, Navarre, Basque Provin- 
ces, Balearic Islands, Canary Is- 
lands. In America Cuba, Porto- 
Rico, Virgin Islands. In Asia Phil- 
ippine Islands. In Africa The Pre- 
sidios, Guinea Islands. In Oceanica 
Part of the Ladrone Islands. To- 
tal area, 286,279 8. m.; pop. 18,144,- 
509. [10^. 

Spalato, Spq-1^-to, s-pt c Dalinatia, 

Spalding, Spold-in,, t and par Eng., 9. 

Spaltnadore, Spql-mq-dci-ra, is As. Tur. 

Spandau. Sp6ji-d5, ft t Prus., 6J^. 

Spanish Town, or Santiago de la Vega, 
Sqn-te-^-go da \( Va-gq, cap t Ja- 
maica, 6. 

Sparta, Sp^r-ta, en it Ga., Ala., La., 

Tenn.; w N-J., Ky., O., III., Mo. 
Spartanburg, Sp^r-tan-burg, co t S. C. 
Spask, Spqsk, t Rus., 6. 
Speedsville, Spedz-vil, v N-Y. 
Spencer, Sp^n-ser, co tt Tenn., Ind.; 

r Mass., 1%; N-Y., 0. 
Spencer Gulf, b South Australia. 
Spenserport, Spen-ser-port, N-Y. 
Spencerville, Spen-ser-vil, v Ind. 
Sperryville, Sp4r-i-vil, Va. 
Spesshardt, Spes-hqrt, ms Ger. 
Spey, Spa, r Scot., 110 in. 
Speyer, Spj-er, c. cap Rhen. Bav., 9J4. 
Spezia, La, Ix^, Sped-zi-q, t It., 9%. 
Spezzia, Spet-si-q, i Greece, 8. 
Spirit Lake, Iowa. 
Spitalfields, Spit-al-feldz, section of 

London, Eng. [Eng. 

Spithead, Spit-hed, roadstead coast of 
Spitzbergen, Spits-ber-gen, i Arc. Oc. 
Spoleto, Spo-la-to, c Cen. It., 6>^. 
Spoon River, 111., 100 m. 
Spottsville, Sp6ts-vil, v Ky. 
Spottswood, Spots-wud, v N-J. 
Spree, Spra, r Ger., 220 m. 
Spremberg, Sprem-be/'A, t Prus., 4%. 
Spring Bay, v 111. 

Springborough, Sprij)-bur-o, v 0., %. 
Springdale, Sprifl-dal, v Mis?. 
Springfield, Sprin-feld, c Mass., 13%; 

c 0., 8; cap c 111., 7; v Vt., 2^, 

N-J., \y 3 \ Mo., 1, &c. 
Spring Hill, vs Ala., Tenn., Ind., 111. 
Spring Hills, v 0., J^. 
Spring Mill, v Penn. 
Spring Place, co t Ga. 
Spring Prairie, Pra-ri, v Wis. 
Spring River, r Mo., and Ark.; v Mo. 
Spring Valley, 0., %. 
Springville, Sprin,-vil, tt N-Y., 11^; 

Penn., Ky., Ind., 111., Mo., Wis. 
Springwater, Spri{)-wo-ter, v N-Y. 
Spring Wells, v Mich., 2. 
Sprottau, Sprot-T, t Prus. Silesia, 4\. 
Squain (Skwora) Lake, N-H. [II. 

Squaramagonic, Skwom-a-g6n-ik, v N- 
Stade, St4-da,/< t Hanover, 6. 
Staeden, St4-den, v Belg., 4%. 
Staffa, Staf-a, i Inner Hebrides. 
Stafford, Staf-ord, bor and t Eng., 12; 

v N-Y., 1. [Dalmatia, 5J<. 

Stagno Grande, Sto.n-yo Gr^n-da, t 
Stalimni, Stq-Iim-ne, i Grec. Arch., 8. 
Stamford, Stam-ford, 'br/ra.nAt Eng., 9; 

bur Conn., 5; is N-Y., Can. W.. 2%, 
Stampalia, Stqm-pq-le-q, t'Greo. Arch., 


Stanardsville, Stan-ardz-vil, co t Va. 
Stanford, Staa-ford, co t Ky., 1. 



Stanhope, Stan-hop, v N-.T. 
Stanislawow, Stqn-is-lq-vov, ft t Aus. 

Galicia, 9^. 

Stanley, Stan-li, v Eng., T%. 
Stanovoi, Stq-no-v, ms East Asia. 
Stanstead, Stan-sted, t Can. East, 1. 
Staple ton, Sta-pl-ton, v N-Y. [8%. 
Staraia-Roossa, Stq-rj-q-R<f>s-q, t Rus., 
Stargard, Stqr-gq/'t, t Prus., 13%. 
Starkey, Stqr-ki, * N-Y., 3. 
Starkville. Stqrk-vil, co is Ga., Miss. 
Starling Medical College, Columbus, 0. 
Starodoob, Stq-ro-dd>b, t Rus., 9. 
Staten (Stat-en) Island, JS T -Y. Bay; i 

Terra del Fuego. 

Statesborough, Stats-bur-o, co t Ga. 
Statesville, Stats-vil, co t N. C. 
Staunton, Stan-ton, r Va., 200 m.; coi 

Vs., 2^; r* 0., 111. 
Stavropol, Stqv-r6-pol, t Rus., 7. 
Steelsville, Stelz-vil, vs Mich., Mo. 
Steilacoom, Stj-la-kcnra, co t Wash. ter. 
Steinhude, Stjn-ho>-da, I N. Ger. 
Stendal, Steu-dql, t Prus. Sax., 6^. 
Stephens' (Ste-venz) Point, v Wis., J^. 
Sterling, Ster-liij, vs Mass., 1; Conn., 

1; N-Y., 2; co t 111. 
Sternberg, Stern-be>'A, t Ger., 8. 
Stettin, Stet-fn, fit Prus., 47%. 
Steubenville, Su\-ben-vil, t 0., 6%. 
Stewarton, Sti'j,-art-on, t Scot. 3%. 
Stewartstown, Stij,-arts-t-sn, v Pa., l)^". 
Stewivrtsville, Stij,-arts-vil, - N-J., %; 

Penn., N. C. 

Steyer, Stj-er, t Upper Aus., 10. 
Stilesville, Stjlz-vil, v Ind. 
Still Valley, v N-J. 
Stillwater, Stil-we-ter, vs N-Y., N-J., 

cot Minn., 1^. 

Stirling, Ster-lii), t Scot., 9J/J. 
Stockbridge,' Sto'k-brij, v Mass., 2. [93. 
Stockholm, Stok-hom, c, cap Swed., 
Stockorn, Stok-he/'n, in Svvitz. 
Stockport, Stok-port, lor and t Eng., 

54; vs N-Y., Penn. 
Stockton, Stok-ton, co t Cal., 9. 
Stockton - on - Tees, Stok-ton-on-Tez, 

s-pt t and par Eng., 10%. 
Stokesley, St6ks-li,tf and /><*/ Eng. ,2%. 
Stoke-upon-Trent, t and juar Eng., 84. 
Stolpe, Stol-pa, t Prus., 8%. 
Stone, Ston, t Eng., 3^. 
Stoneham, Ston-haui, v Mass., 1}^. 
Stonehaven, Ston-ha-ven, s-pt t Scot., 


Stoneleigh, St(5n-lE, 1) Eng., IJ^. 
Stone Mountain, v Ga.. J/. 
Stonington, Sto-nig-ton, t Conn., 3. 
Stornoway Ster-no-wa, s-pt and par 
Hebrides, 2^. 

Storsion. Ster-si-en, I Swed. 
Stoughton, Sub-ton, vs Mass., Wis. 
Stour, Sto>r, four re Eng 
Stourbridge, Stur-brij. t Eng., 8. 
Stourport, Star-port, t Eug., 3. 
Stoutsville, St^ts-vil, v N-J. 
Stow, Sto, v Mass., \%. [Eng., 3^. 
Stowmarket, Sto-mqr-ket, t and par 
Strabane, Stra-ban, bar and t Ir., 5. 
Stradbally, Strad-bal-i, t Ir., \y z . 
Stralsund, Str41-siant,_/'i t Prus., 19%. 
Stranraer, Stran-rer, s-pt t aud par 

Scot., 5%. 

Strasbourg, Strqs-M>?', c Fr., 65. 
Strasburg, Strips- bur A, t Prus., 4%; 

Stras-burg, t Pa., 1 ; vs Va., O. 
Stratford, Strac-ford, co t G. W.; vt 

Conn., 0. [Eng., 3>. 

Stratford-upon-Avon, fl'von, lor and i 
Stratford le Bow, IE Ba, < Eng., 7. 
Strattonville, Strat-on-vil, Pa. 
Straubing, Str-j-bii), t Lower Bav., 9. 
Strausberg, Stris-berA, t Pru*., 3)^. 
Strawberry Plains, Str9-ber-i Planz, v 


Strawtown, Stre-tun, two rx la. 
fetreefkerk, Straf-kerk, v Neth., 1^. 
Strehlen, Stra-len, t Prus. Sil., 4%. 
Strelitz, Alt, flit Stra-lits, t Mecklen- 

burg-Strelitz, 3. 

Striegau, Stre-g's, t Prus. Sil., 5%. 
Stromboli, Stroin-bo-li, Lipari Is., 1%. 
Stroinness, Stroin-nes, s-pt t Scot., 2. 
Strongville, Stron,-vil, T 0., 1J4. 
Stronsa, Stron-sa, Orkney Is., 1. 
Stroud, Stnsd, t and par Eng., 36^. 
Stroudsburg, Str-dz-burg, co i Pa., I. 
Stuhlweissenburg, Stcol-vj-sen-biarA, t 

Hon., 21. 

Sturbridge, Stiir-brij, v Mass., 2%. 
Sturge, Sturj, i Ant. Oc. 
Sturgeon, Sttir-jon, I Br. N. Am. 
Sturgis, Stiir-jis, Mich., %. 
Stuttgart, Stiat-gqj't, c, cap Wiirt., 30. 
Stuyvesant, Stj-ves-ant, v N-Y., 1%. 
Styria, Stir-i-a, prov Aus., 950,612. 
Suakin, Swi^-kin, s-pt t is. Red Sea, 8. 
Subiaco, Soo-bi-^-ko, t Cen. It., 6. 
Subtiava, S(Db-ti-6,-vq, t Nicaragua, 5. 
Subzulcote, Sub-zul-kut, t Sinde. 
Suchiltepec, Scft-qel-ta-pek, t Guat. 
Suczawa, S<n-Qq-vq,/i t Aus., 5. 
Sudbury, Sud-ber-i,l!andpa/'Eng.,6; 

Muss., 1^. [ga, m Ger. 

Sudeten-Gebirge, SA-da-ten-Ga-ber- 
Sueca, Swa-kq, t Sp., 9. 
Suez, S<f>-ez, s-pt t Egypt, 2; g w. arm 

Red Sea; ist uniting As. and Af. 
Suffeed Koh, Suf-ed Ko, m Afg. 
Suffern's, Sdf-ernz, v N-Y. 



Suffield, Stif-cld, v Conn., 2. 
Suffolk, Siif-ok, co t Va., \%. 
Sugar (Xug-ar) Creek, streams N. C., 

la., III., &c. 

Sugar Grove, vs Pa., 0., Iowa. 
Sugar River, re N-H., Wis. 
Suhl, Siftl, t Prus. Sax., 8. 
Suir or Sure, Xiy, r Ir. 
Suisoon, S(D-e-sc6u, & Cal. 
Suleitnan, ScD-la-mq^n, rns E. Afg. 
Sulcn (Sdb-len) Islands, w. Norway. 
Sullivan, Siil-i-van, co t la.; rs N-Y., 
^ 1'ii, 1>, 0., 111., Iowa. 
Sulmoria, So>l-mii>-nq, ft t Nap., 6. 
Sultaneeyah, Scfcl-tq-ne-a, anc. c Per. 
Sulze, Sialt-sa, t Aleck.-Schwerin, 3%. 
Sumatra, Sdj-ini^-tra, * Indian Sea; 

area 140,000 s. ui., pop. 5,000,000. 
Sumuier Hill, Siim-er Hil, * Pa., 1J^. 
Summer Islands, 30 is w. Scot. 
Sumuierville, Siim-er-vil, co ts Va., 

Ga.; t- S. C., 0., Itt., Mich., Wis. 
Summit, Sum-it, v Pa. 
Sumner, Sutn-ner, v Me., \]4,- 
Sumterville, Surn-ter-vil, co t S. C.; 

TO Ga., Ala. 

Sutiapee (Stin-a-pe) Lake, N-H. 
Sun bury, Siin-ber-i, co t Pa., 1% ; vt 

0., 111. 

Sunda (Siln-da) Isles, Malay Arch. 
Sunday (Sun-da) River, Cape Colony, 

Af., 200 in. 

Sundeep, Sun-dep, i of Hindostan. 
Sunderland, Sun-der-land, t and par 

Eng., 67^. 

Supaiwasi, Sco-pj-wq'-se, m Bol. 
Superior, Sq-pe-ri-or, I n. w. U. S., 

the largest fresh water lake on the 

globe ; area 32,000 s. m.; City of, 

v Minn, and Wis. 
Rurat, Sa>-r4t, c Br. Ind., 157. 
Surinam, Si-rin-am, r Dutch Guia- 
na, 300 m. 

Surry (Sur-i) Court-House, co t Va. 
Susa, S<*>-gq. t It., 3). 
Susannah (Sn,-zan-a) Island, Mergui 


Suspension Bridge, N-Y., 1. 
Susquehanna, Sus-kwe-han-a, r Pa., 

150 m.; v Pa., 1%. 
Sussex, Sus-eks, v Wis. 
Sussex Court-House, co t Va. 
Sutlej, Siit-lej, r Punjab, 1000 m. 
Suttersville, Siit-erz-vil, 11 Cal. 
Sutton, Siit-on, v Mass., 2: co t Va. 
Sutton-Coldfield, Kwld-feld, t Eng. 
Sutton, Long, par and t Eng., 6%. 
Suwalki, So>-w6>ke, t Poland, 5. 
Suwanee, Sv},-w8-ne, r and v Ga. 

Sveaborg, Sva-q-berg, ft t Rus. Fin- 
land, 4. 

Sveer or Svir, Sver, r Rus., 130 m. 
Sviaga, Svs-^-gq, r Rus., 200 in. 
Sviazhsk, Sve-qgk, t Rus., 4. 
Swabian (Swa-bi-an) Alps, m Wiirt. 
S waff ham, Swaf-am, t and par Eng., 4. 
Swale, Swal, r Eng., 70 m. 
Swanage, Sw6n-aj, or Swanwick, 

Swon-wik, t and par Eng., 2. 
Swan Quarter, Kwer-ter, co t N. C. 
Swan River, Swon River, r W. Aust. 
Swansea, Swon-se, s-pt t and par S. 

Wales, 25. ^ 

Swanton, Swon-ton, vs Vt., 0. 
Swanzey, Swon-zi, v N-H., 2. 
Swartwotit, Swort-wst, v Tex. 
Swatara, Swa-tq-ra, cr Pa. 
Swavesey, Swav-ze, par Eng. 
Sweden, Swe-den, k N. Eu. ; area 

128,076 s. m., pop. 3.482,541. 
Swedesborough, Swedz-bur-o, v N-J. 
Sweet Springs, v Va. 
Swindon, Swin-don, t and par Eng., 5. 
Swinemiinde, Swe-na-men-da, t Prus., 
Swineshead, Sw jnz-hed, t Eng., 2. [4%. 
Switzerland, Swit-zer-land, rep Cen. 

Eu.; area 15,261, pop. 2,390,116. 
Swords, Sordz, t and par Ir., 3. 
Sycamore, Sik-a-nior, co t 111. 
Sydney, Sid-ni, s-pt c Aust., and cap 

N-S. Wales, 100; s-pt t Nova Scotia; 

v Me., 2. 

Syltoe, Sil-to, i of Den., 2%. 
Sylva, Sil-vq, r Rus., 300 m. 
Sylvania, Sil-va-ni-a, co t Ga. 
Sylvester, Sil-ves-ter, v Wis., J/. 
Symi, Se-me, t w. As. Minor, 7; g do. 
Symsonia, Sim-s<5-ni-a, * Ky. 
Syra, Se-rq, i Grecian Arch., 30; c, cap 

same, 20. [Y., 25^. 

Syracuse, Sir-a-kq,s, ft c Sic., 11; c N- 
Syria, Sir-i-a, cy As. Tur.; area 50,000 

s. m., pop. 2,000,000. 
Sysola, Si-so-lq, r Rus., 200 m. 
Syzran, Siz-rqn, / Rus., 8. 
Szamos. So-m6J, r Transylvania, 200 m. 
Szarogrod, Eq-ro-grod, t Rus., 6%. 
Szasz-Regen, Sqs-Ra-gen, / Trans., 5. 
Szathmar, Nemeth, Na-m^t Sot-DKir, t 

E. Hun., 15. 

Szegedin, Seg-ed-in, t Hun., 34. 
Szent Miklos, Nagy, Noj Sent Me-kloJ, 

t Hun., 14^. 

Szexard, Seks-6rd, t Hun., 8}^. 
Szigeth, Se-get, t Hun., 7. 
Szoboszlo, Su-b6s-lo, t Hun., 14. 
Szolnok, Sol-nok, t Hun., 11%. 
tizurul, Soi-nul, m Transylvania. 




Taasinge, Tu>-sii)-ga, * Den., 4J/a. 
Tabarca, Tq-bqr-kq, * Med. Sea, 
Tabureeyeh, Tqb-a-re-ye, I Pal. 
Tabasco, Tq-bas-ko, at Mex.; area 15,- 

609 s. in., pop. 63,580; r do., 250 m. 
Taberg, Ta-berg, v N-Y. 
Tabernacle, Tab-er-nak-1, v N-J. 
Tabernas-de-Valldigna, Tq-be;'-nqs- 

da-Valy-deg-nq, t Sp., 5. 
Tablas, Tq-blqs, Philippine Is. 
Table Bay, Ta-bl Ba, s. w. Af. 
Tabor, Tq-bor, t Bob., 4. 
Tabrecz, Tq-brez, c Persia, 60. 
Tacloban, Tq-klo-bqn, t Phil. Islands. 
Tacna, Tqk-nq, t Peru, 10. 
Tacora, Tq-ka-rq, m Bol. 
Tucunga, Tq-kcoij-gq, t EC., 10. 
Tadeaster, Tad-kas-ter, t Eng., 2J^. 
Taganrog, Tq-gqn-rog, t Rus., 16. 
Tagodast, Tq-ga-d4st, t Morocco, 7. 
Tagus, Ta-gus, r Iberian Pen., 640 in. 
Tahiti, Tq-he-te, Society Is., 9. 
Tahoora, Tq-h<f)-rq, Sandwich I?. 
Tahoorowa, Tq-huo-r6-wa, Sandwich Is. 
Tain, Tan, t Scot., 2%. 
Tai-Ping, Tj-Pin, cs China. 
Tai-Wan, T j-Wen, oap is. Formosa. 
Takinos (Tq-kg-nos) Lake, Eu. Tur. 
Talanda (Tq-lqn-dq) Channel, arm 

sea iii Greece. 
Talavera de la Reyna, Tq-lq-va-rq da 

Iq Ra-e-nq, c Sp., 6%. 
Talbotton, Tal-bot-on, co t Ga. 
Talca, Tql-kq, t Chili, 14%. 
Taliabo, Tq-li-q-bo, i Malay Arch. 
Taliafarro, T61-i-ver, co Ga. 
Talladega, Tal-a-de-ga, co t Ala. 
Tallahassee, Tal-a-has-e, c, cap Fa., 2. 
Tallahatchie, Tal-a-haq-e, r Miss, 250 m. 
Tallahoma, Tal-a-ho-ma, r Miss. 
Tallaloosa, Tal-a-liib-sa, v Miss. 
Tallapoosa, Tal-a-piib-sa, r Ga. and 

Ala., 250 m.; Ga. 
Tallassee, Tal-a-se, v Ala. 
Tallow, Tal-o, i Ir., 4. 
Tallulah, Ta-hi-la, co t Miss. 
Taina, Tq-ma, co Iowa. 
Tamandua, Tq-m^n-dco-q, t Bra., 8. 
Tamaqua, Ta-uie-kwa, t Pa., 6. 
Tamar, Ta-mar, r Eng., 60 m. 
Tamara, Tq-req-rq, i w. Af. 
Tamaulipas, Tq-inis-le-pqs, st Mexico ; 

area 30,334 s. in., pop. 100,064. 
Tambov or Tambow, Tqm-b6v, gov 

Rus.; area 25,542 s. m., pup. 1,666,505; 

c, cap same, 20%. 

Tamiagua, Tq-ms-q'-gwq, I Hex. 
Tamise, Tq-mez, t Belg., 7%. 
Tauipa Bay, Tain-pa Ba, b Fa. 
Tainpico, Tqm-pe-kco, s-pt t Mex., 7 ; 

r do., 200 m.; I do. 
Tamworth, Tatn-wurfi, t Eng., 8%. 
Tanaga, Tq-nq-gq, Aleutian Is. 
Tunah-Pileh, Tq-nq-Pe-le, t is. Suma- 
tra, 4. 

Tanakeke, Tq-nq-ka-ka.w Malay Arch. 
Tangeruiunde, Tqn-er-inen-da, t Prus. 

Sax., 4%. 

Tangier, Tqn-jer, t-pt t Morocco, 10. 
Tangipaha, Tan-ji-pa-he, r La. 
Tanjore, Tan-jtor, c Br. Ind., 40. 
Tanua, Tan-a, * N-Heb., Pac. Oc. 
Tan tale ui, Tqn-tq-lein, i Gulf of Siam. 
Taos, Tq-6)S, co and t N-Mex.; v Tex. 
Tapajos, Tq-pq-^os, r Bra., 500 m. 
Tapisi, Tq-pi-se, r S. Atn., 200 m. 
Tappahannock, Tap-a-han-ok, co t Va., 

Y & . [and 140 in. 

Taquari, Tq-kwq-re, two rs Bra., 400 
Tarauto, Tq-rqn-to, c Nap., 15; g Med. 
Tarare, Tq-rqr, t Fr., 10>i. 
Tarascon, Tq-rqs-kon, t Fr., 12J^. 
Tarazona, Tq-rq-to-nq, t Sp., 6. 
Tarazona de la Mancha, Tq-rq-t(5-n(J 

da Iq Mqn-qq, t Sp.. 6. 
Tarbagatai, Tq/'-bq-gq-tj, t Chi.Toork. 
Tarbes, Tqrb', t Fr., 14. 
Tarborough, Tqr-bur-o, co t N. C., 1. 
Tarentum, Ta-ren-tum, v Pa., 1%. 
Tarifa, Tq-re-fq, s-pt t Sp., 814. 
Tariffville, Tar-if-vil, v Conn., 2. 
Turki, Tqj--ke, t Rus., 8. 
Tarma, Tqr-mq, t Peru, 8. 
Tarn, Tqrn, dep and r Fr., 220 m. 
Tarn-et-Garonne, Tqrn-a-Gq-ron, dep 

Fr., pop. 237,553. [3%. 

Tarnowitz, Tqr-no-vits, t Prus. Silesia, 
Tarporley, Tqr-por-li, * Eng., 2%. 
Tarragona, Tqr-q-g6-nq, s-pt c Sp.,13. 
Tarrakai, Tqr-a-kj, b Sea of Japan. 
Tarrant, Tar-ant, co t Tex. 
Tarrasa, Tqr-^-sq, t Sp., 5. 
Tarrinsay, Tar-in-sa, ' Outer Hebrides. 
Tarrytown, Tar-i-tsn, 11 N-Y., 5. 
Tarsus, Tqr-sus, c As. Minor, 7. 
Tartary, Tqr-ta-ri, ext.reg As. and Eu. 
Tashkend, TqJ-kend,* Indep. Toork.,40. 
Tasmau's (Tas-ruanz) Peninsula, Vaa 

Diemen's Land. 
Tatay, Tq-tj, s-pt t Phil. Is., 3. 
Tat-Seen-Loo, Tqt-S8n-Ln,/i t China, 
Tatta, Tqt-q, t Sinde, 10. [500. 



Taunton, Ten-ton, t Eng., 14^; co t 

Mass., 12; r do. 

Taunus, Ttf-nias, m Hesse-Darmstadt. 
Taurus, Te-rus, me As. Tur. 
Tauss, Ts, t Boh., 6J^. 
Tavira, Tq-ve-rq r t Port., 8-%. 
Tavistock, Tav-is-tok, t Eng., 8J^. 
Taw, Te, r Eng. 
Tawee, Tq-we, t Malay Arch. 
Tay, Ta, r and tit Scot., 160 m. 
Tayabas, Tj-q-bqs, t Phil. Is., 21}^. 
Taycheeda, Ta-qe-da, r \Vis. 
Taylor's Falls, Ta-lorz Folz, v Minn. 
Taylorsport, Ta-lorz-pori, v Ky. 
Taylorsville, Ta-lorz-vil, co is N. C., 

Tenn., Ky., 111. 1 ; vt Pa., Md., Va., 

O. 1., la. 

Taz, Tqz, r Siberia, 300 m. 
Tazewell, Taz-wel, co t Tenn.; co 111. 
Tchad, qd, I Cen. Af. 
Tchadobets, fclq-do-bets, r Sib., 200 m. 
Tchao-Naitnan-Sooine, fc^-Q-Nj-mqn- 

Sdb-ina, c Mongolia. 
Tcharytch, Gq-riq, r Sib., 220 m. 
Tcheboktsari, bla-bok-s^-re, t llus., 5. 
Tcherkask, Staroi, Stq-rtf Ger-kq^k, 

t Kus., 15. 

Tchernigov, Ger-he-g6v, t Rus., 7% 
Tchesine, 6e"s-ma, v As, Minor, 6. 
Tchoogooev, fe!o>-ga>-ev, ft t Kus., 9. 
Tchooi, Grf-e, Asia, /UO m. 
Tchooktchees, 6c6k-qez, tribe E. Sib. 
Tehoorooui, fe/'m-n&m, t As. Minor, 7%. 
Tchoruk, fe!o-nik, r Turkish Armenia, 
Teano, Ta-q-no, t Nap., 8. [2UO m. 
Tebesse, Ta-bes-q, t Algeria, 15. 
Teche, TeJ, bayou La. 
T ecumseh, Te-kiim-se, 1) Mich., 1. 
Tedsi, Ted-se, t Morocco, 14. 
Tedzen, Ted-zen, r Persia, 250 m. 
Tees, Tez, r Eng., 90 in. 
Teglio, Tal-yo, v Aus. It., 5%. 
Tegucigalpa, Ta-g<D-se-g41-pq, t Hon- 
duras, 10. 

Teheran, Te-her-4n, c, cap Persia, 10. 
Tehuacan, Ta-wq-kqn, t Mex., 12. 
Tehuantepee, Ta-wqn-tq-pek, ft Mex., 

pop. 82,395; M and g do.; t do., 8. 
Teign, Tan, r Eng., 45 m. 
Teigumouth, Tan-uiut, t Eng., 5. 
Telde, Tel-da, c Canaries, 12. [Mex., 5. 
Temasealtepee, Ta-mqs-kql-ta-pe'k, t 
Temesvar, Teui-eJ-v^r, c Hun.. 1U^. 
Temiscaming, Te-njis-ka-inifl, t C. E. 
Temiscouata, Tem-is-koo-^-tq, I C. E. 
Temperanceville, Teua-per-ans-vil, t 

Pa., 21^. 

Tempio, Tem-pi-o, t is. Sardinia, 9J^. 
Templemore, Teni-pl-m(5r, t Ir., 9)^. 
Teinpleton, T6m-pl-ton, v JIass., 1>^. 

Tennsserim, Ten-as-e-rim, r Far. Ind., 
220 m. 

Tunasserim Provinces, Br. India. 

Tenbury, Te'n-ber-i, t and pur Eng., 2. 

Tenby, Ten-bi, s-pt t S. Wales, 3. 

Tendra, Ten-drq, i Black Sea. 

Teuedos, Ten-t-dos, t w. As. Minor. 

Teneriffe, Ten-er-if, largest of the 
Canary Inlands, 85; m peak 12,182ft. 

Te-Ngan, Ta-ng4n, c China. 

Teng-Tchoo, Tcrj-fe'<6, China. 

Tenian, Ta-ni-^n, Ladrone Is. 

Tenimber, Tg-nim-ber, is Malay Arch. 

Tennessee, Ten-e-se, one of the U. S.; 
area 45,600 s. m.: pop. 756,826 whites!, 
6422 free colored, 239,459 slaves- 
total, 1,002,717; r Tenn., 800 m. 

Tenterden, Teu-ter-den, t and par 
Eng., 4. [Mex. 

Teotihuacan, Ta-o-ti-wq-k^n, plateau 

Tepic, Ta-pek, t Mex.. 10. 

Teramo, Ter-q-mo, c Nap., 10. 

Tcrceira, Te;--^a-8-rq. Azores Is., 40. 

Tercero, Ter-sa-ro, r La Platu, 100 m. 

Terek, Ta-rek, r Kus., 350 m. 

Tergovist, Ter-go-vist, t Wallachia, 5. 

Terlizzi, Te? ; -lit-se, t Nap., 12. 

Termini, Ter-mi-ne, t-]i t Sic., 13. 

Terminos, Ter-mi-nos, inlet Canb. Sea. 

Terminos, Laguna de, Lq-g(f>-nq da 
Te/'-mi-nos, s-pt t Yucatan, 2. 

Ternate, Ter-nq-tn. i Malay Arch. 

Terni, Ter-ns, t Pontifical Sts., 9}^. 

Terodant, Ta-ro-dqnt, t Morocco, 21. 

Teror, Ta-re; 1 , t Canaries, 6. 

Terra del Fuego, Te>-q del Fwa-go, it 
s. S. Am. 

Terranova, Ter-q-n6-vq, s-pt t Sic., 10. 

Terre aux Boeufs. Ter o Bef, v Ln. 

Terre Bonne, Ter Bon or Tcjr Bon, 
laymt and par La.: co t C. E. 

Terre Coupee, Ter-e Kuo-pe, v la. 

Terre Haule, Ter-e Hut, co t In., 7. 

Terschelling, Ter-sAel-in, i N. Sea, 2%. 

Teruel, Ta-nn-eU, t Sp., 6%. 

Teschen, TdJ-en, t Aus. JMlesia, 6J^. 

Teshoo - Looniboo, TeJ-(6 - LtDui-bd), t 
Thibet, 4. 

Tesouras, Ta-se-rqs, r Bra., 200 m. 

Tetbury, Tet-ber-i, t and par Eng., 3J^. 

Tetooan, Tet-a-qX t Morocco, 16. 

Teutopolis, Tq-top-o-li^r 111. [Eng.,6. 

Tewkesbury, Ti\,ks-ber-i, t and par 

Tewksbury, Tt\,ks-ber-i, t) Mass., J^. 

Texaua, Teks-q-na, ca t Tex. 

Texas, Te"ks-as, one of the s. w. U. S.; 
area 237,504 s. m.: pop. 151,024 
whites, 397 free colored, 58,161 
slaves total, 212,592; vs N-Y., O., 
lu., 111. 



Texel, Teks-el, i North Sea, 5. 
Teza, Ta zq, t Morocco, 11. 
Tezcoco, Tes-A<B ko>, t Mex., 5. 
Thame, Torn, t and par Eng., 3J^. 
Thames, Temz, rs Eng., 215 in.; 0. W. 
Thanet, Riin-et, Isle of, i Eiig., 32. 
Thann, Tqn, t Fr., 6. 
Thaso, Rq-so, i yE j;ean Sea, 6. [en t 111. 
ThebeS, Hebz, anc. c and cap Egypt; 
Thebss, fie-va, t Greece, 9. 
Theiss, Tjs r Hun., 500 m. 
Theiusche". Tem-sAe, t Belg., 6X- 
Theresa, tg-rr.-sa, v N-Y. [40. 

Therosienstndt, Ter-a-zi-en-stqt, t Aus., 
Thermia, Rcr-mg-q, i Grecian Arch., 6. 
Thermopylae, Her-uaop-i-le, celebrated 

pass Greece. 

Thcsialy, Hea-a-li, prm Eu. Tur. 
Theiford, Rer,-ford, t Eng., 4; v Vt., 2. 
T hiaa-Shan, Tg-qn-Eqn, ms China. 
Thibet or Tibet, Tib-et, large ret/ion As. 
Thibudeaux, Tib-o-dci, co t La. 
Thielt, Teh, t Belg., 12%. 
Thiers, TE-JJ/. t Fr., 14. 
Thionville, Te-on-vgl, t Fr., 8%. 
Thirlamero, Rer-la-iner, I Eng. 
Thirsk, Rersk,' t and par Eng., 5%. 
Thogji-Chumo, Hog-je-Std-niQ, salt I 

VVest Himalayas, 15,500 feet above 

the sea. 

Thomaston, T6m-as-ton, co t Ga. 
Thomastown. Tom-as-frsn, t and par 

Ireland, 2^. 

Thomasville, Tom-as-vil, co t Ga. 
Thompson, Toinp-son, TS Conn., Ga. 
Thompsonville, vs Conn. 2, Pa., Va. 
Thonon, To-n<an, t Savoy, 4%. 
Thorda, Ter-dq, t Transylvania, SJ. 
Thorn, Torn, < W. Prus., 12%. 
Thornapple, Horn-ap-1, r Mich., 80 m. 
Thornbury, Rarn-ber-i, t Eng., 4%. 
Thorne, Rarn, t and par Eng., 3%. 
Thorn Hill, Horn Hil, v C. W., %. 
Thornton, R'irn-ton, TS Pa., 111. 
Thorntown, Horn-t-sn, la., %. 
Thorold, Rar-old, t C. W., 1^. 
Thourout, TtD-rdo, )! Belg., 8}^. 
Thousand Isles, Ri-zand *lz, 1500 

rocky islets river St. Lawrence. 
Thraca, Hras, or Thracia, Rra-Ji-a, a 

name applied to Turkey in Eu., or 

that part of Turkey bet. Bulgaria 

and the Archipelago. X^' 

Thrapston, Rraps-ton, t and par Eng., 
Three Kings, r/r Manawa-Tawi, Man- 

a-wq-Tq-wg, i S. Pac. Oc. 
Three Rivers, Rrg Riv-erz, us Mass., 

Mich.; t C. E., 6%. 
Thsieoo-Shan, Rse-oo-Eqn, m China, 
Thun, Toon, I and t Swit., 5. 


Thunder Bay, Run-der Ba, Lake Hu- 
ron, n. e. Mich. 

Thuringian Forest, Rq,-rin-ji-an For- 
est, ms Cen. Ger. 

Thurles, Rurlz, t and par Ir., 6. 

Thurso, Rur-so, par and s-pt t Scot., 5. 

Tibagi, Te-bq-je, r Bra., 200 m. 

Tiber, Tj-ber, r Cen. It., 185 m. 

Ticao, Te-kq-o, Philippine Is. 

Tichfield-with-Crofton, Tiq-fdd-wid- 
Krof-ton, t and par Eng., 4. [2%. 

Ticonderoga, Tj-kon-der-ti-ga, v N-Y., 

Tideswoll, Tjdz-wel, t Eng., 3j^. 

Tidor, Te-dor, i Malay Arch. 

Tien-Tsin, Te-en-Tsgn, c China. 

Tiete, Ts-a-ta, r Bra., 500 m. 

Tiffin, Tif-in, co t 0., 4. 

Tiflis, Tif -lis, c, cap Ga. in Asia, 50. 

Tigris, Tj-gris, r As. Tur., 1150 m. 

Tilburg, Til-biu-A, t Neth., 13^- 

Tillanchong, Til-qn-qog, Nicobar Isle. 

Tilsit. Til-sit, t Prus., 13%. 

Tim, Teui, r Siberia, 250 m. 

Timbuctoo, Tim-buk-to,< Cen. Af.,12. 

Timor, Te-mor, i Malay Arch. 

Timor "Laut, Te-mor L-st, i Mai. Arch. 

Tinajo, Ts-nq-Aio, t Canaries, 1J^. 

Ting-Hai, Tin-H|, c is. Chusan. 

Tino, Tp.-no, i Grecian Arch., 22. 

Tioern, Tg ern, i of Swed. 

Tioga, Tj-6-ga, TO N-Y. 1, Pa. 

Tioomen, Tg-it)-inen, t Sib., 12. 

Tippecanoe, Tip-e-ka-ncfi, v 0.; r la. 

Tipperary, Tip-er-a-ri, co Ir.; <do., 8^. 

Tipton, Tip- ton, co ts la. J4, Iowa. 

Tirajana, Tg-rq-Aq-nq. t Canaries, 3%. 

Tirana, Te-rq-nq, t Eu. Tur., 10. 

Tiraspol, Tg-rqs-pol,/ t Rus., 5. 

Tiree, Tir-8, Inner Hebrides, 3%. 

Tirlcmont, Terl-inon, t Belg., 8%. 

Tirnova, Tir-no-vq, t Eu. Tur., 8. 

Tishemingo, TiJ-e-min-go, co Miss. 

Tiskilwa, Tis-kil-we, III. 

Titicaca (Te-ti-k^-kq) Lake, S. Am. 

Tittibawassee, Tit-i-ba-wos-e, r Mich., 
nav. 80 m. 

Titusville, Tj-tus-vil, vs N-J., Pa. 

Tiverton, Tiv-er-ton,and^>arEng., 11; 
v R. I., 2>. 

Tivoli, Tiv-o-le, i Cen. It., 6J^. 

Tivoli, Ti-vo-li, ts N-Y., Iowa. 

Tizzana. Tit-sq-nq, t Tus., 7%. 

Tla|M,, Tlq-pq, t Mex. 

Tlascala, Tlqs-k4-lq, t Mex., 4. 

Tlemcen, Tlem-sdn, t Algeria, 9J^. 

Tnilaia, Tng-lj-q, r Rus., 120 m. 

Tobago, To-ba-ga, * Br. W. Ind.,14%. 

Tobarra, Tca-bqr-q, t Sp., 6}^. 

Tohermory, To-ber-m<5-ri, s-pt t Scot. ? 

Tobol, Ta-bol, r Sib., 500 m. [.!>. 



Tobolsk, To-b61sk,0vw Sib.; area 1,000,- 

000 s. in., pop. 635,000; c, cap W, 
' Sib., 20. [tdo. 

Tocantlns, To-kqn-tenz, r Bra., 1000 in.; 
Tocoa, To-ka-a, r Ga. and Tenn. 
Tocuyo, To-k(f)-yo,r Ven.,200 m.; tdo. 
Toddington, T6d-in-ton, t and par 

Eng., 2%. 
Todmorden-with-Wafsden, Tod-mer- 

den-wid-Wdfs-den, t Eng., 4)^. 
Tokat, To-kqt, c As. Minor, 26%. 
Tokay, To-ka, t N.-E. Hun., 5%. 
Toledo, To-la-do, c Sp., 14; To-le- 

do, c 0., 11}^: v II!. 
Tolentino, To-len-tt'-no, t It., 9>. 
Tolland, Tol-and, co t Conn. 
Tolna, T6l-no, t Hun., 5%. 
Toloar, To-lia-q>, Malay Arch. 
Toluca, Tw-kft-kq, z! Mex., 12. 
Tolu, Santiago de, Sqn-ti-q-go da To- 

Idb, s-pt t N-Gran. 
Toinaszow, To-inq-Jov, t Poland, 5. 
Torabigbee, Tom-big-be, r Miss, and 

Ala., 450 m. [v N-Y. 

Tompkinsville, Tomp-kinz-vil, co t Ky.; 
Tomsk, Tomsk, g<yo Sib.; c, cap same, 24. 
Tom's ( Tomz ) 'River, co t N-J., 1; r do. 
Tonawanda, Ton-a-won-da,^ NY.,1%. 
Tondern, Ton-dern, t Don., 6>. 
Tondja, T6n-ja, r Eu. Tur., 150 m. 
Tondo. Ton-do, t is. Luzon, 17}^. 
Tone, Ton, r Eng. 

Tonga ( Ton-ga ) Islands, Pac. Oc., 18^. 
Tongataboo, Ton-a-tq-bu>, i Pac. Oc.,8. 
Tongres, Toh-gr, t Belg., 6^. 
Tongue (Tnn) River, Mo. Ter., 300 m. 
Tonneins, Ton-an, t Fr., 7%. 
Tonnerre, Ton-4r, t Fr., 4%. 
Tonquin, Ton-ken, g China Sea, 300m. 
Toobonai, TtD-bo-nj, *' Pao. Oc. 
Toola, T(f>-lq, goy Eu. Rus.; area 11.875 

s. tn., pop. 1,092,473; cap same, 55. 
Toolcha, T^l-qq.^i! t Eu. Tur. 
Toolsborough, Ta>lz-bur-ca, v Iowa. 
Toombuddra, Tooin-bud-ra, r Ind., 400 m 
Toong, Tuin, r China, 250 m. 
Toora, Tc6-rq, r Sib., 300 m. 
Toorkistan, To>r-kis-t4n, reg Cen.Asia; 
Chinese, area 500,000 s. m.; 

Independent, or Independent Tarta- 

ry, area 720,800 g. m., pop. 4,000.000. 
Tooz-Golee, Td>z-G6-le, salt I As. Min. 
Topeka, To-pe-ka, cap Kanzas Ter. 
Topsfield, Tops-feld, v Mass., 1}^. 
Topsham, Tops-am, s-pt ( Eng.. 2%; 

Me., \U. 

Torbay, Ttjr-ba, J Eng. 
Torda, Tor dq, t Transylvania, 7. 
Torgau, Ter-g-s, ft t Prua. Sax., 6>^. 
Torget, Tor-get, i of Norway. 

Tornea, Tor-ne-o, r Scan., 230 m. 

Toro, To-ro, t Sp., 7. 

Toronto, To-ron-to, c, cap C. W., 50. 

Toropetz, To-ro-pet?, t Rus., 8. 

Torquay, Tar-ke, t Eng., 8. 

Torre del Greco, TeV-a del Gra-ko, t 

Nap., 13. 
Torre dell' Annunziata, Tor-a del Lq- 

na>n-ze-4-tq, t Nap., 10. 
Torre Don Jimeno, ToV-a Don He-m&- 

no, t Sp., 5%. [6). 

Torrejoncillo, Ter-n-Aon-ttl-yo, t Sp., 
Torren's (Tor-enz) Lake, S. Au.-t. 
Torrente, Tor-dn-ta, t Sp., 5. 
Torrington, Great, Grat Tor-ifl-ton, t 

Eng., 3^. 

Tortola, Tor-to-la, Virgin Island, 8J^. 
Tortona, Tor-U5-nq, t Sard. St., 10%. 
Tortosa, Tor-to-sq, t Sp., 20>^. 
Tortsvar, Terts-v^r, v Tran., 6%. 
Tortuga, Tor-tc6-ga, i W. Ind. 
Tortugas, Tor-t(6-gqs, i W. Ind. 
Torzhok, Tor- S 6k, t Rus., lb%. 
Totana, To-tq-nq, t Sp., 8%. 
Totness, Tot-nes, t Eng., 4}^. [12. 
Totonicapan, To-to-ne-kq-pan, t Guat., 
Touboual, Tto-bm-j, S. Pac. Oc. 
Toul, Toil, ft t Fr., 8%. 
Toulon, Tct>-16n, s-pt c Fr., 69J^. 
Toulouse, TiB-lcbz, c Fr., 93J^. 
Tourcoing, Toor-kwan, t Fr., 27%. 
Tournay, Ti6r-na, ft t Belg., 33. 
Tournus, To>r-n&3, t Fr., 5>. 
Tours, Toor, c Fr., 33)^. 
Towanda, Tu-an-da, oar Pa., 1J^[. 
Towceater, T-ss-ter, t Eng., 2%. 
Towyn, To-win, v N. Wales, 2%. 
Traina, Trj-nq, t Sicily, 7>. 
Traitor's (Trat-orz) Island, one of Nay- 

igators' Is. 

Tralee, Trq-le, lor and s-pt t Ir., 13%. 
Trani, Trq-ne, s-pt t Naples, 14. 
Transcaucasia, Trans-ke-ka-Ji-a, cy As. 

Rus.: area 66,300 s. m., pop. 1,625,000. 
Transylvania, Tran-sil-va-ni-a, ///- 

cipality Aus. Empire; area 23,078 g. 

m., pop. 2,074,202. 

Trapani, Tr4-pq-ne, s-pt i Sicily, 25. 
Travancore, Trav-an-k<5r, st Ind.; area 

6710 s. m., pop. 1,300,000. 
Travi, Trq-ve, v Parma, 5V-J. 
Travnik, Trqv-nik, t Eu. Tur., 8}. 
Trebigne, Tra-ben-ya, 10. 
Trebitsch, Tra-biq, t Moravia, 5. [40. 
Trebizond, Trdb-i-zond, s-pt c As. Tur., 
Tredegar, Tred-e-gar, t Eng., 17%. 
Tremiti ( Trdm-i-te ) Isles. Adriatic Sea. 
Tremont Tre-mont, v Pa., 1. 
Trent, Trent, r Eng., 140 in.; c Aus., 



Trenton, Tre'n-ton, c, cap N-J., 6)^ 
Trenton, t C. W., 1}. 
Tresco, Tre=-ko, Scilly Island, %. 
Trevanion, Tre-v^-ni-on, i S. Pac. 
Treves, Trevz, c Rhenish Prus., 19- 
Treviglio, Tra-vel-yo, t Aus. It., 6^. 
Treviso, Tra-vs-su), c Aus. It., 19} 
Tricirico, Tre-kq-re-ko, t Nap., 5. 
Trichinopoly, Tric-in-op-o-li, t Brit. 

Ind., 100. 

Triest, Tre-est, s-pt c Aus., 64. 
Trikeri, Tre-ka-re, t Tur., 5. 
Trikhala, Tre-kq-lq, t Eu. Tur., 10. 
Trim, Trim, bar and t Ir., 6%. 
Tring, Trig, t Eng., 4%. 
Tringany, Trin-gq-ne, t Malay pen. ,15. 
Trinidad, Trin-i-dqd, (Sp. Tre-ne-) 
1 dad, one of the W. Ind. Is.; area 1,- 
536,000 acres, pop. 68,645. [ La. 
Trinity, Trin-i-ti, rs Tex., 550 m., Cal., 
Trino, Tre-no, t Sardinian States, 8%. 
Triora, Tre-6-rq, Sardinian States, 

Tripoli, Trip-o-le, cy n. Af., area, 105,- 

000 s. m., pop. 1,500,000. [15. 

Tripoli, Trip-o-le, s-pt ts Af., 20; Syria, 
Tripolitza, Tre-pu-lit-sq, t Gr. 
Tristan D'Acunha, Tris-tqn Dq-kdon- 

yq, i S. At. 
Trobriand, Tro-bri-4nd, is Louisiade 


Troia, Tr6-yq, t Naples, 5. 
Trois Rivieres, Trwq Re-vi-q/, t is. 

Guadeloupe, 3%. 
Troitzkoi, Trert-sker, t Rus., 7. 
Trondhjem, Trond-yem, s-pt t Norway, 

Tropea, Tro-pa-q, t Naples, 4^. 
Troppau, Trop--s, ft t Au->. Silesia, 11. 
Troupville, Trdbp-vil, co t Ga. 
Trowbridge, Tru-brij, t and par Eng., 

Troy, Trflr, ruined c As. Min.; c N-Y., 
45; t 0., 2; co ts N. C., Ala., Tenn., 
M 2; Mo.; vs la., 111., Pa., Ga., Wis. 

Troyes, Trwq, c Fr., 27}^. 

Trujillo or Truxillo, Troo-Ael-ya, c Sp., 
6; t Peru, 8; c Yen., 4; s pt t Hond., 4. 

Trumansburg, Trifi-munz-burg, v N- 
Y., I. 

Truro, TrdWo, bor and -^< t Eng., 10- 
%; Mass., 1; s-pt t N. Scotia. 

. . . 

Tsaritsin, Tsq-rit-sin,/* t Rus., 4%. 
arskoe- Selo, Tsq/'S-ko-a - Sa-lo, t 


Rus., . 
Tsong-Gan-Hien, Tson-Gqn-He-e"n. t 

China, 10. 

Tsoosima, TsiD-se-mq, t Japan. 
Tsung-Ming, Tsun-Min, t China. 
Tuam, Tq-am, t and par Ir., 7%. 

Tiibingen, Te-bin-en, t Wart, 7^. 
Tuckahoe, Tuk-a-h6, r Md.: N-J., %. 
Tuckerton, Tiik-er-ton, t) N-J. 
Tuoopiu, Too-ko-pi-q. i S. Pac. Oe., %. 
Tueuman, Too-kro-rnqn, prov La Plata, 

44,000; i!do. 12. 
Tudela, TcD-da-lq, c Sp., 6%. 
Tulare, Too-lq-re, co Cal. , 
Tule, TiJo-le, Z Cal. 
Tullahoma, Tul-a-ho-ma, v Tenn. 
Tulhiinore, Tul-a-inor, t Ir., 4%. 
Tiille, Tel, t Fr., 11%. 
Tulln, Tialn, t Aus., 1%. 
Tullow, Tul-6, t and pa/- Ir., 3. 
Tully, Tiil-i, vs N-Y., Mo., %. 
Tulmaro, TcDl-mq-ro, t Yen., 8. 
Tulpehocken, Tul-pe-hok-en, cr Pa. 
Tunamaguont, Tc-nam-a-gw6nt, v Pa. 
Tunbridge, Tun-brij, t and war Eng., 

Tunbridge Wells, t and watering-place 

Eng., lOtf. 

Tuncha, Tun-cq, t China, 150. 
Tung-Chang, Toog-Sqp, c China. 
Tunis, Ti'i-nis, st N. Af., area 70,000, 

pop. 2,500,000; s-pt t, cap Tunis, 150; 

- Gulf, Med. 

Tunja, Toiij-Aq, t N-Gran., 7. \%. 
Tunkhannock, Tunk-han-ok, co t Pa.; 
Tunstall-Court, Tuus-tel-Kort, t Eng., 


Tunuyan, Ta>-n<D-y4n, r S. Am., 200 m. 

Tuolumne, Twol-uni-ne, r Cal. 

Tuparro, Tin pqr-o, r N-Gran., 200 m. 

Tupisa, Too-pe-sq, t Bol., 5. 

Tura, Tuo-ro, t W. Hun., 6%. 

Turaboo, Tur-a-b<6, Society Is., 2. 

Turin, Tq,-rin, (Fr. Te-ran,) c, cap 
Sardinian States, 143}^; v N-Y. 

Tur-Kevi, Tuor-Ka-VB, v Hun., 9)^. 

Turkey, or The Ottoman Empire, Ttir- 
ki or Ot'o-man Em'pjr, extensive 
countries in Eu., As., and Af.; the 
following are the prominent divis- 
ions: Room-Elee, Bosnia, Silistria, 
Jezayr, Is. of Gallipoli, Candia, Goz- 
zo, Standie, Thasos, Samothraki, Im- 
bro, Stalimni or Lemnos, Strati, &c.; 
Wallachia, Servia, Moldavia, Asia 
Minor, Armenia and Koordistan, 
Syria or Sham, Irak and Mesopota- 
mia, Jidda in Arabia, Egypt, Tripoli, 
Tunis: area 2,095,194, pop. 35,360,000. 

Turner, Tur-ner, v Me., 2. 

Turnhout, Turn-hit, t. Bolg., 13^. 

Turquino, Tcor-ke-no, in Cuba. 

Turriff, Tiir-if, t and par Scot., , 1%. 

Turyassu, To>-re-q-S(f>, r Bra., 350 in. 

Tuscahoma, Tus-ka-h<fi-nia, v Ala., 

Tuscalbosa, Tus-ka-k&-sa, co t Ala., 3)^. 



Tuscany, Tiis-kan-i, grand duchy N. 
It.; having us divisions: Florence, 
Lucca, Pisa, Sienna, Arezzo, Gros- 
setto, Leghorn, with is. of Gorgona, 
Elba and adjacent islands; area 8,- 
53(5, pop. 1,778,021. ^ [o 0. 

Tuscarawas. Tus-ka-rd-was, r, co and 

Tuscamra, Tus-ka-ui-ra, crs Pa., Va.; 
v N-Y., Pa., %. 

Tuscola, Tus-k(5-la, co and v Mich. 

Tuscumbia, Tus-kuin-bi-a, * Ala.; co t 

Tuskegee, Tus-ke-ge, co t Ala. [Mo. 

Tutbury, Tiit-bor-i, V Eng., 1%. 

Tuxford, Tiiks-ford, <and/>tf/-Eug., 1^. 

Tuxtla, Tinkst-lq, t Mex., 5. 

Tuy, Twe. t Sp., 4J4: >' S. Am. 

Tyor, Tyer, c llus.. 24. 

Tvertsti, Twe>t-sq. / llus., 110m. 

Tweed, TweJ, r Scot, and Eng., 95 m. 

Tweedinouth, Twed-muft, v Eng., 5%. 
Twickenham, Twik-en-ham, t and par 

Eng., 6^. 

Twofold Bay, e. coast of Aust. 
Two Hivers, t) \Vis., 1. 
Tygarfs Valley (Tj-garts Vil-i) Rirer, 

Va., 150 m. 

Tyler, Tj-ler, co t Tex.; v 111. 
Tymochte, Tj-mok-tf, -v 0. 
Tyne, Tjn, r Eng.. 80 in. 
Tynemouth-with-Nurth Shields, (Tjn- 

mut,) two ts Eng., 30>. 
Tyngdborough, Tijjz-bur-o, Mass. 
Typinsan, Tj-pin-sqn, Madjicosiuia Is. 
Tyri-Fiord. Te-ri-Fe-oVd, I Nor. 
Tyrnau, Ti/'-nx. * Hun., 5%. 
Tyrol, Tir-ol, prtw Aus.; area 11,084 8. 

in., pop. 859,706. 
Tyrone, Tj-n&n, r N-Y., Pa. 


Uanapu, (B-q-nq-pA, r Bra , 400 m. 
Uatuma, (l)-q-tdb-inq, r Bra., 350 in. 
Uaupes, W's-pes, r Bra. 
Ubatuba, <D-bq-t6-bq, t Bra., 6. 
Ubeda, 0)-ba-dq, t Sp., 13%. 
Ubrique, (D-bre-ka, < Sp., 5jx. 
Ucayale, (D-kj-q-la, r Peru, 500 m. 
Udine, (IVde-ua, t Aus. It., 26%. 
Uelzen, Elc'sen, t Han., 3. 
tlerdingen, E/dirj-en, ^ Rhen. Prus., 3. 
Ugliano, rt)l-yq-no, * in Adriatic Sea. 
Uhricksville, Yq-riks-vil, v 0., 1. 
Uist, (Wist, or Est,) North, * Outer 

Hebrides, 3^. 

Uitit, South, i Outer Hebrides, 4. 
TJithuizen, CTt htV-zen, v Neth., 3)^. 
Ujhely-Satoralja, (D'e-hely-Sq-to-rol- 

yo, !! Hun., fii^. 

Uleaborg, fl)'le-o-berg, -^< t Fin., 5. 
Ulea-Trask, 0)'le-o-Trqsk, I Fin. 
Ulloa, (Dl-yo-q. r Hond., 100 m. 
Ullswater, Ulz'wo-ter, I Eng. 
Ulm, Uhn, < Wiirteinberg, 13)^. 
Ulster, Ul'ster, r Ger.; Ul'ster, co and 

/> o N-Y. 

Ulva, Ul'va, w Inner Hebrides, %. 
Ulverstone. Ul'rer-sUin, ^ and par 

DSf i^Uni'ba-gow) Lake, N-Eng. 
Umea. (D'mE-o, r Swed., 250 in. 
TTinpqua (Uinp'kwo) City, v Or. Ter. 
Una, (D'nq, four rs Bra.. 60 in. 
Ln.ulilla, Un-a-dil-a, r N-Y.; ts N-Y., 

Unare, (D-n^-ra, r Ven., 120 m. 

Uncasville, Un'kas-vil, v Conn. 
Unghvur, Og-v^, t Hun., 5. 
Unie, COn'ya, i Adriatic Sea, ]/$. 
Union, Yqn-yon, co ts Va., Mo.; ft N- 

Y., la., Mich., N-C. 
Union City, v Afich. 
Union Mills, ns Pa.. Va., la., lo. 

Union Springs, r N-Y.. 1; Ala". [111. 
., la., 
Union Village, v N-Y. 

Uniontown, tr> t Pa., 2%; vs Ala., 

Unionville, co t S. C.; r Conn., Pa., 0. 
United States, Yti-njt-ed Stats, Rep. 
N. Am., occupying more than half of 
the territory of the North Temperate 
Zone, and presenting in the unity of 
its States, the most perfect government 
the world ever witnessed. The face of 
the country is of every variety valley, 
mountain, and plain. Topographically 
considered, the United States are di- 
vided as follows : 1. The Atlantic, or 
Allcghany Slope; 2. The Mississippi 
Valley; 3. The Pacific, or Rocky 
Mountain Slope. The first, the oldest, 
and comprising the original states of 
the confederacy, possessing the great- 
est number of inhabitants, farthest 
advanced in the arts and sciences, com- 
ui'jrcinl and educational improvements, 
st.'udily furnishes the statts and terri- 
tories of the other two divisions with 
"bone, sinew" and mind, for their set- 
tlements. The second comprises the 
richest and most extensive agricultural 
cuuutry in tho world ; while the other, 



yet in embryo, con 
great mineral wea 
tain streams undr 
turing power. 

States and Terri- 

ains bene 
th, and in 
earned of 

Area in 
s. ms. 

ithits hills 
its moun- 





New Hampshire, 









Rhode Island, 






New York, 



New Jersey, 












Dis. of Columbia, 






North Carolina, 



South Carolina, 






















































J^ T^irrifnrTT 


Nebraska Ter., 


Minnesota Tor., 



New Mexico Ter., 



Utah Ter., 



Oregon Ter., 



Washington Ter. 





The rapidity with which population 
increases in the United States is re- 
markable: at the rate of increase for 
the preceding ten years, up to 1850, 
the present population would be ( 1856 ) 
28,753,<i62. The number of persons to 
the square mile in the non-slavehold- 
ing states were 21.91; slaveholding, 

The educational system is unequal- 

led by that of any country (excepting 
Prussia) in the world. The number of 
public and private schools, colleges and 
academies, is 87,162; of students in 
attendance 4,089,597, and the propor- 
tion at school is 1 to 4.9, not including 
slaves, and greater than that of any 
other country. The ratio of those over 
twenty years of age unable to read or 
write is 1 in 40 in the non-slaveholding 
states, and 1 in 12 in the slaveholding 
states. In the New England states, 
1 in 400. The number of papers pub- 
lished, 2,528; while other publications, 
such as books, pamphlets, etc., exceed, 
probably, all other countries together, 

American ships are found on every 
sea, and in its ports the productions of 
every clime are received. There en- 
tered from foreign ports, in 1854, 19,- 
103 vessels, with a tonnage of 5,884,- 
339 tons; cleared, in the same period, 
19,073, with a tonnage of 6,019,194; 
value of imports, $304,562,384; exports, 

Unity, Yvj-ni-ti. vs 0., 111. 
Unna, Un'q, t Prus. Westphalia, 5^; 

r Turkish Croatia, 110 in. 
Unst, Unst, Shetland Island, 3. 
Upland, Up'land, v Pa., %. 
Upolou, CO-po-ldo, Samoan Is., Pac. 

Oc., area 60 s. in., pop. 25,000. 
Upper or New California, (Kal-i-fer- 

ni-a,) former ter. of the state of Cal. 
Upper Iowa, r Min. and lo. [Md. 

Upper Marlborough, Mqrl-bur-o, co t 
Upper Sandusky, or Fremont, co 1 0., 1. 
Upper Swatara, Swq-tq^-ra, tp Pa. 
Upperville, Up'er-vil, v Va., %. 
Upsal, Up'sal, t Swed., 5. 
Upshur, Up'Jnr, 0. 

ern, t and par 2%. 

Ural, Yvj, ral, r Rus., 1800 m.; ms do. 
Urbanna, Ur-ban-a, co ts Va., O., 111., 

Mo. [7. 

Urbino, (Dr-be-no, c Pontifical States, 
Urghundaub, L T r-gun-deb, r Afg., 230 m. 
Urquhart, Urk'hqrt, par Scot. 
Ursa, Ur'sa, v 111. 

Urubamba, (D-TCB-bq'Hi-hq, t Peru, 4. 
Urucaia, CD-roo-ki-q, r Brazil.. 200 m. 
Uruguay, CO-rcrj-gwj, r S. Am., 800 m. 
Uruguay, a republic S. Ana.; area 75,- 

000 s. m., pop. 1,120.000. 
Usedom, (D'ze-dotn, i Prus. Pomerania. 
Ushant, UJ'ant, i off Brittany, 2%. 
Uskup, (Bs'kup, t Eu. Tur., 10. 
Ustica, flVti-kq, * Med. [400 m. 

Usuinasinta, CD-so>-mq-sin-tq, rC. Am., 



Utah. Yt\-to, or Yi^-tq, ter U. S.; area 

269,170, s. ra., pop., whites, 11,330; 

free colored, 24; slaves, 26; total, 11,- 

380, mostly Mormons. 
Utah Luke, central part ter. 30 by 10 m. 
Utica, Yti-ti-ka, c N-Y., 22>4; r,v 1'a., 

Miss., O., 1; Mich., 1; la., 111., Mo. 
Utiel, 0)-te-el, t Sp., 5%. 
Utilla, (D-tel-yq, * Caribbean Sea. 

Utrecht, Yq,-trekt, t Hoi., 49^; prov 

Neth., pop. 155,224. 
Utrcra, CD-tra-rq, t Sp., 12%. 
Uttoxeter, Uks'e-ter, t and par Eng.. 5. 
Uvalde, (D-vql-da. co Tex. 
Uxbridge, Uks'brij, t Eng., 3}4; V 
Uyea, (D-ya, one of Shet. Is. [Mass., 2. 
Uzes, E-zas, t Fr., 7. 
Uzzano, (Dt-sq-nw, t Tuscany, 4. 


Vaagen, V^-gen, (East and West,) 
two of the Loffoden Is., Nor., 4. 

Vache, (VqJ) Island, W. Ind. [m. 

Vadavate, Yq-dq-v^-ta, r S. Hind.,2QO 

Vaga, Vq-gq, r Rus., 250 m. 

Yaigat.s, Vj-gqts, i Artie Oc., large and 

Vaila, Va-lci, Shetland Island. 

Vahk, Vqk, r Siberia, 350 m. 

Valatie, Val-a-te, v N-Y. 

Valbenoite, Vql-be-nwqt, v Fr., 6. 

Valdepenas, Yql-da-pan-yqn, t Sp., 9^. 

Valdes, Yql-des, i Gulf of Georgia. 

Valdivia, Vql-de-vi-q, r Chili, 120 m. 

Valenga, Vq-len-sq, t Brazil, 3. 

Valence, Vq-loiis, t Fr., 16^. 

Valencia, Yq-len-Ji-a, prov Sp.; c, cap 
of same, 70; c Ven., 17; Luke, do. 

Valenciennes, Vq-loh-se-en, t Fr., 23}^. 

Valentia, Vq-len-Ji-a, i w. of lr.; t do. 

Valeiiza, Vq-len-zq, t Sard. States, 
Valetta, Vq-let-q, s-pt c is. Malta, 30. 
Valki, Vql-ke, t Rus., 9. 
Valladolid, Vql-yq'-dQ-led, c Sp., 30; 

c Mex., 18; c Yucatan, 15. 
V allay, Yal-a, i Outer Hebrides. 
Valle-Hepmoso, Yql-ya-Er-mu-so, t 

Canaries, 3. 

Valognes, Yq-16ny, t Fr., 6. 
Yiilpariso, Yql-pq-rj-so, c cap Chili, 50; 

Val-pa-ra-zQ, co t la. 
Van, Yqn, c Turkish Armenia, 40. 
A' an, Luke, salt lake, As. Tur. 
Van Buren, Van Bvj,-ren, C o ts Ark., 

1%; Mis. 

Vaneburg, Vans-burg, vs Ky., %; III. 
ViincoiiTcr's, Van-kib-verz, w. Br. 

N. Am., 11. 
Vancouver, Fort, settlement Hudson's 

Bay Company, Wash. Ter. 
Vandalia, Van-da-li-a, co t III., 1. 
Van Deusenville, Van Dii-zen-vil, 

Mass. [n. w. Aust. 

,Yan Diemen's (Van De-rnenz ) Gulf, 

Van Diemen's Land, * s. e. Aust; area 

24,000 s. m., pop. 80.000. 
Vandola, La, Lq-Vqn-d6-lq, Admiral- 
ty Island. 

Vanikoro, Vq-ni-ko-ro, a'S. Pac., 1%. 
\ r annes, Yqn, s-pt t Fr., 13^. 
Vanua-Yalavo, Vq-no> q-Vq-l^-vo, 

S. Pac., 1. 

Van Wert, Van Wert, co t 0., 1. 
Var, Vqr, dep Fr., pop. 357,967. 
Yarazze, Yq-rqt-sn, t Sard., 7^. 
A r arel, Fq-rel, t Ger., 3*4. 
Varinas, Yq-re-nqs, t Yen., 12. 
Varna, Vq>-r.q. ft s-pt t Ku. Tur., 14. 
Yarotjna, Var-w-kwn, co t Wis. 
Yasa, V(\-sq, s-pt t Fin., 3'.',. 
Vasarhely, Hold-Meio, Iluld-Ma-zo, 

Yoj-Jqr-hely, t Hun., 26J/i. 
Vasarhely, Somlyo, Xom-lyo V^-Jq' 1 - 

hely. t Hun., 25. 
A'ashku, VqJ-kq, r Rus., 200 m. 
Vasilkov, "\ r q-sil-kov, t Rus., 8. 
Vasioogan, Vq-se-ca-gqu, r As. Rus., 

170 m. 

Vassalborough, Vas-al-bnr-o, v Me., 3. 
A'asto, V4s-to,. t Naples, 9. 
Yatersa, Yqt-er-sa, i Outer Hebrides. 
Vaucluse, Vo-klez, dtp Fr., 2IU.618. 
Yaud, Vo, or 1'ays-de-Vaud, Pa-e-de- 

Vo, canton Switz. 
Yaudreuil, Vo-dre!y, en C. E. 
Yauxhall, A'o-hol. submit London. 
Vavao, Yq-vq-o, Friendly Island, 6. 
Veglia, Val-yq, i Adriatic Sea, 15. 
Vejer, Va-A.V'. t Sp., 81^. 
Velez, Vii-les. t N-(!nin.', 7%, \%. 
Velez Blanco, Va-let Blqn-ku, t Sp., 7- 
Velez Malaga. Mq-lq-gq. t Sp.. 16. 
Velez Rubio, IW>-be-g. t Sp., 12V^. 
Velikaia, Ya-lt-kj-q. r Rus., 160 m. 
Vclino, Yn-lti-no, r It. 
Velizh, Va-li^, t Rus. Pol.. 6-%. 
Velletri, A'e-la-tre, t Pontificial St., 10. 
Venado, Va-noj-do, t Mex., 8. 
Veuango, Ye-nan-g<a, V Pa. 


Vendome, Von-dom, t Fr., 9^. 
Vendotena, Ven-dft-ta-nq, * Med., J^. 
Venezuela, Ven-ez-we-la, (Sp. Va- 

net-wa-lq, rep H. Am., area 400,000 

s. m., pop. 1,419,289. 
Venice, Ven-is, c Aug. It., 110; v 0. 
Venloo, Ven-lG>,/< t Neth., iy. 
Venosa, Va-no-sq, t Naples, 6. 
Ventnor, Vent-nor, t Isle of Wight. 
Vera, Va-rq, t Sp., 8^. 
Vera Cruz, Va-rq-Kroo.s, st Mex., area 

27,595 s. m., pop. 274,686; s-pt t, Mex., 


Veragua, Va-r<\ -gwct, t N-Gran., 5. 
Vercelli, Ver-qel-e, c Sard. Sts., 18^. 
Verden, Fe>-den, Ger., 4%. 
Verdun, Ve/'-dtih, Fr., 14. 
Vereya, Va-ra-yq. t Rus., 6. 
Vergennes, Ver-jenz, c Vt, 1%. 
Veria, Ve-re-q, 2 Eu. Tur.. 8. 
Vermejo, Ver-ina-/iO; r S. Am., 750 m. 
Vermilion, Ver-inil-yon, t) 0., 1, rs 

La., 111. and la. 
Vermilionville, Ver-mil-yon-vil, co 2 

Vermont, Ver-mont, one of the U. S., 

the first admitted after the union; 

area 10.212 s.m., pop. whites, 313,402, 

colored 982, total 314,120; v 111., 1%. 
Vernon, Ver-nun, t Fr., 6J/; Ver-non, 

co t la., 1; rs Conn., N-Y., Wis., Cal. 
Verona, Va-ro-nq, ft c Aus. It., 48; 

\ r E-r6-na, v N-Y., 5}^. 
Verret ( Ver-et) Lake, La. 
Versailles, Ver-salz, c Fr., 35J^; co ts 

Ky., la.. Mo. 

Versecz, Ver-Jets, t Hun., 15%. 
Vertou, VeV-t<f>, v Fr., 6. 
Vervick, Ve/--vik, t Belg., 5%. 
Verviers, Ve;'-ve-a, t Belg.. 20. 
Vesoul, Va-zif)l, t Fr., 6%.' 
Vesuvius, (V-sq,-vi-us,) Mount, act- 
ive vol It. 

Veszprim, Ves-prim, t Hun., 9. 
Vetlooga, Vet-l(f)-gq. r Rus., 300 m. 
Vevay, Vg-va or Ve-va, co t la., 2. 
Viana, Ve-q-nq, s-pt t Port., 8. 
Viatka, Ve-4,t-kq, gov Rus.: area 53,- 

493 s. m., pop. 1,818,752; c, cap 

same, 7; r do., 500 m. 
Viazina, Ve-qz-mq, t Rus., 12. 
Viborg, Ve-barg, s-pt t Finland, 3%. 
Viborg, Ve-be^., t Den., 5^. 
Vicenza, Ve-sen-aq or Ve-qen-zq, c 

Aus. It., 33. 
Vich, Vik, c Sp., 10%. 
Vichada, Ve-qq-dq, r N-Gran., 260 m. 
Vicksburg, Viks-burg, c Miss., 3%. 
Vico Equense, Ve-ko il-kwen-sa, t 

It., 9%. 

Victoria, Vik-tij-ri-a, Br. coZ Australia; 

area 160,000 s. m., pop. 320,000; co t 

Tex.; III.; t Mex., 5>; Vek-to- 

ri-q, t Bra., 5. 
Victoria Lake, S. Aust. 
Victoria Land, Antarctic ter, supposed 

to be discovered by Sir James Ross. 
Victoria River, N. Aust. 
Victoria Strait, Arc. Oc. 
Victory, Vik-to-ri, v N-Y. 
Vidalia, Vi-da-li-a, co t La. 
Vieille-Vizne, Ve-aly-Veny, t Fr., 5)^. 
Vienna, Vi-en-a, c, cap Aus., 408; co tt 

Ga., 111.; v N-Y. 2%, Ala., 0., la., 

Wis., C. W. 
Vienne, Vs-en, dep Fr., pop. 317,305 ; 

c do., 20%; r do., 220 m. 
Vieque, Vs-a-ka, *' Br. W. Ind. 
Vierzon, Ve-er-zoh, t Fr., 6%. 
Viesti, Ve-es-te, t Nap., 6. 
Vigan, Ve-gqn, s-pt t Phil. Is., 17^. 
Vigevano, VE-ja-vq-no, t Sard., lo)^. 
Viggiano, Vid-jq-no. t Nap., 5%. 
Vigo, Vs-go, s-pt t 'Sp., 4^ ; I Rus.; 

Vj-gQ, co la. 
Vilaine, Vr-lan, r Fr., 130 m. 
Vilcanota, Vel-kqn-yo-tq, m Andes. 
Vilkomeer, Vil-ko-uisir, t Rus. Pol., 5. 
Villa-Bella-da-Princeza, Vel-q-Bel-q- 

dq-Prsn-sa-zq, t Bra., 3. 
Villa del Fuerte, Vel-yq del Fw?r-ta, 

t Mex., 5. 
Villa del Principe, Vel-yq del Pren-si- 

pa, t Cuba, 30. 
Villa do Rio Pardo, Vsl-q do Re-o 

Pqr-do, t Bra., 5. 

Villa Franca, Vel-q Fr6;g-kq, t Bra., 4. 
Villafranca de los Barros, Vl-yq-fr6,n- 

kq da los B^j'-os, t Sp., 6. 
Villafranoa de Panades, Vgl-yq-frq^)- 

kq da Pq-nq-des, t Sp., 5^. 
Villafranca de Xira, Vel-q-frqn-kq da 

Xg-rq, t Port., 5. 
Villafranca di Piemonte, Vil-q-fr4g- 

kq de Pe-a-mon-ta, t Sard., 8^. 
Villajoyosa, Vel-yq-Ao-yo-sq, t Sp., 8. 
Villanova de San Antonio, Vel-q-nt>-vq 

da Sqn fln-tQ-ni-o, t Bra., 4. 
Villanueva de Cordova, Vel-yq-nwa-vq 

da Ker-do-vq, t Sp., GJ^. 
Villanueva de la Serena, Vel-yq-nwa- 

vq da Iq Sa-ra-nq. t Sp., 9. 
Villanueva y la Geltru, Vgl-yq-nwa-vq 

e Iq tfel-trdQ, t Sp., 10^. 
Villa Real, Vel-yq Ra-ql, t Sp., 8%. 
Villa Real de Concepcion, Vel-yq Ra- 

41 da Kon-tep-te-<an, t Paraguay, 4. 
Villa Vigosa, Vel-q Vs-so-sq, t Bra. ,5. 
Villefrancho-de-Rouergue, Vel-fronJ- 

de-Ro)-4?-g, t Fr., 9>|. 



Son, t Fr., 8. 

Villena, Vel-ya-nq, t Sp., 8%. 

Villeneuve-le-Roi, VEl-n^v-le-Rwq, t 
Fr., b%. [Fr., 13>. 

Villeneuve-sur-Lot, Vel-nev-ser-Lo, t 

Villette, La, Lq Vel-tH, t) Fr., 18%. 

Vilna, Vil-nq, c Rus. Poland, &%. 

Vilvoorden, Vil-vor-den, t Belg., 5%. 

Vinaroz, Ve-nq-r6t, t Sp., 10%. [2. 

Vinoennes, Vin-seuz, t Fr., 8)^; cotla,., 

Vindhya (Vind-yq) Mountains, Hin. 

Vinnitsa, Vin-it-Hq, t Rus., 7%. 

Vintimiglia, Vin-ti-mel-yq,/^ t Sard. ,5. 

Vire, Ver, t Fr., 7. [Ind. 

Virgin Gorda, Ver-jin Ger-da,i Br. W. 

Virginia, Ver-jin-i-a, one of the orig- 
inal U. S.; area 61,352 s. m.; pop. 
894,800 whites, 54,333 free colored, 
472,528 slaves total, 1,421,661. 

Virgin (Ver-jin) Islands, W. Irid. 

Virtzerr (Virt-zerv) Lake, Rus. 

Viseu, Vc-sa-CD, 'c Fort., 9J4. 

Vishera, ViJ-a-r^, r Rus., 2uO m. 

Vishnee, Vif-ne, t Rus., 9. 

Viso, Monte, M6n-ta Ve-so, peak Alps. 

Vistula, Vis-tq-la, r Eu., 530 m. 

Vitchegda, Ve-qeg-dq, r Rus., 380 m. 

Vitebsk, Ve-tebsk, t Rus. Pol., 30. 

Viterbo, Ve-ter-bo, c Cen. It., 14. 

Vitoria, Ve-to-ri-q, t Sp., 10J^. 

Vitre, Ve-tra, t Fr., 8-%. 

Vitry-lc-Fran<?ow, Ve-tre-le-Fron-swq, 
ft t Ft., 8^. [11. 

Vittoria, Vi-to-ri-a, ts C. W. %, Sic. 

Vivero, Ve-vd-ro, t Sp., 4%. 
Vlanrdingen, Vlqr-din-en, t X(!th.,7j^. 
Vladimeer, Vlq-di-mer, giiv Rus.; area 

18,445 s. m.. pop. 1,168,3015; t do., 7>. 
Vlieland. Vle-lqnt, t Zuyder-Zee, %. 
Vodla, V6d-lq, I and r Ru., 120 in. 
Voghera. Vo-ga-rq, t Pied., 10%. 
Voiron, Vwq-rtih, t Fr., 8}^. 
Volcan de Agua, Vol-kqn da H'gwq, 

vol Guat. 

Volcano, Vol-ka-n<a, i S. Pac. Oc. 
Volga, V61-gq, r Rus., 2500 in. 
Volhynia, Vol-hin-i-a, gov Rus. Pol.; 

area 27,742 s. m., pop. 1,469,442. 
Volo, Vu-lo, Gulf, inlet of ^Egoan Sea. 
Vologda, Vo-log-dq, <J<H> Eu. Ros.j MICH 

148,674 s. m., pop., 864 208: c sume, 14. 
Volta, V61-tq, r Guinea, 300 m. 
Voltchansk, Vol-qc'insk, t Rus., 7. 
Vol terra, Vol-te>-q, t Tus., 4]^. 
Volturno, Vol-ti&r-no, r Nap., 90 m. 
Voorn, Vorn, i of S. Holland. 
Vorms, \orms, i Baltic. 
Vorona, Vo-r6-nq. r Rus., 220 m. 
Voronezh, Vo-ro-ne^, (/r>v Kus.; area 

25,878 a.m., pop. 1,629,741; c do., 44. 
Vosges, Vox, dep Fr.; area 2230 s. in., 

pop. 427.409; ms Fr. and Gur. 
Votkn, V6t-kq, t Rus., 9. 
Vozh, Vox. ^ ft" 8 - 
Vracone, Vrq-sa-na, Belg., 5^. 
Vukovar, Voa-ko-vqr, < Aus., 57-3. 
Vulcano, Vrt)l-k4-no, Lipari Is., Med. 
Vuna, Vt6-nq, Feejee Is., 7. 
Vuoxen, Vo>-6ks-en, r Finland, 350 m. 

Wnag, Wqg, r Hun., 200 m. [2. 

Wabash, Wo-baJ, r la., 550 in; co t la., 
Wabashaw, We-ba-Je, co t Minn. 
Wachusett (Wo-(jq,-set) Mt., Mass. 
Wacoochee, We-k(6-qe, v Ala. , 
Wacousta, Wa-krf>s-ta, v Mich. 
Waday, We-di, cy interior Af.; pop. 


Waddington, W6d-in-ton, i> N-Y., %. 
Wadebridge, Wad-brij, t Eng., 1. 
Wadensweil, Va-denz-vjl, v Swit., 5. 
WadesViorough, Wudz-bur-o, co t N. 

C., 1^; v Ky. 
Wadcsvillo, Wadz-vil, i> Va. 
-Wudjier, Wqil-je; 1 , Arroo i. 
Waereghem, Wq-re-gein, v Belg., 5. 
Wagrain, Wq-gratn, v Lower Aus. 
Wahkiacutn, Wq-ki-ak-uin, co Wash. 


Wahlabgas, Wq-l^-gas, r Me. 
Wahsatch (Wq-saq) Mountains, Utah 
Waia, Wj-q, Feejee Is., 3. [Ter. 

Waiblingen. Vj-blin-en. t Wiirt., 3. 
Waikato, Wi-k4-to, r X-/eal., 250 in. 
Waiping, "VVj-pin, t China, 150. 
Waitzen, \Vjt-sen, t Hun., 11}^. 
Wakefield, Wak-feld, t and par Eng., 

33 ; r R. I., Md. 

Wakulla, Wa-kiil-a, r and co Fa. 
Walhrulgeville, Wdl-brij-vil, v Vt. 
Walcherun, Vql-Aer-en, i cf Neth., 45. 
Waldeck-Pynnont, Wol-dek-Pir-mout, 

frin, Ger., pop. 59,697. 
Waldenses, Wol-den-sez, a Protestant 

people in Piedmont. 
Waldo, Wei -do, vs 0. [4}. 

Waldoborough, M r ol-do-bur-o, t Mo., 
Waldurn, Vql-den;, t Baden, 3%. 



Wales, Walz, div Gr. Br.; area 7,398 

s. m., pop. 1,005,721. 
Walker's (Wok-erz) Lake, Utah Ten 
Walkersville, W6-korz-vil, v Pa. 
Wallachia, Wol-a-ki-n, prin, Eu. Tur.; 

area 27,000 s. m., pop. 2,000,000. 
Walla Walla, Wol-a W61-a, r, co and 

en t Wash. Ter. 

Wallenstadt, Vi'il-en-stqt, I Swit. 
Wallingford, Wol-iij-ford, t and par 

Eng., 2%; vs Vt,, Conn., 111. 
Wall us (W6l-is) Lake, N-S. Wales. 
Walloostook ( Wol-co-st<f>k ) River, Me. 
Wallsend, Wei-send, v Eng., 5%. 
Walpole, Wol-pol, vs N-H. 1, Mass. 1. 
Walsall, W61-sl, t and par Eng., 8-%. 
Walsh im, Wols-ham, North, t and ua/ 1 

Eng., 3. 

Wallenberg, Vql-tpn-ber, Tran., 8}. 
VValtersborough, Wal-terz-bur-o, co t 

S. C. 
Waltershausen, Vql-terz-b.5-zen, tf 

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 3^. 
Waltham, Wol-tara. ti Mass., 2>^. 
Walthaui- Abbey, Wt>lt-am - Ab'i, t 

Eng., 2^; , Bishop's, t and pa?' 

Eng., 2>. 

Walthourville, Wol-tdor-vil, v Ga. 
Walton, Wfll-ton, w N-Y. 1, Ky. %. 
Walvisch, Wql-viJ, J S. Af. 
Walworih, Wol-wurt, vs N-Y., Wis. 
Wanchow, Wqn-q-s, s-pt t China, 200. 
Waudaworth, Wonz-wurt, par and v 

Eng., 9>. 

W mgeroog, Vqp-er-og, * of N. Ger., %. 
Wiinl)ck-Head,\V6n-lok-Hed, v Scoc,l. 
Wantage, W6n-(aj, par and < Eng., 3. 
Wanzleben, Vqnts-la-ben, t Prus. Sax- 
ony, 3. 

Wapello, Wa-pel-o, co and co t Io., %. 
Wapsipiuicon, Wap-si-pin-i-kon, r Io., 

200 in. 

Warasdin, Vq-rqs-din, Aus. Croatia, 9. 
Wardsville. Wordz-vil, t C. W., %. 
Ware, Wa/. t and/>a;'Eng.,5; Mas-!., 2. 
Wareham, Wi\,r-ham, bar and t Eng. ,3. 
Waren, Vq-ron, t Meck.-Schwerin, 5. 
Waresborough, W^rz-bur-o, co t Ga. 
Warininster, \Vi5r-iniu-ster, t and par 

Eng., 414. 
Warm Springs, Warm Springs, co t 

Va.; us N. C., Ga. 
Warner, Wor-ner, v N-H. 
Wurneton. Vqrn-ton, t Belg , 6. 
Warren, Wor-un, co ts Me. 2'-^, Ark 

%, 0. 3; fs Mass., R. I. 2, Coun., Pa. 

1, la. y a , III. 
Warrensburg, Wor-enz-burg, co t Mo.; 

*> 'N-Y. 

Warrenspoint, Wor-enz-pnt, t and par 

Ir., 1%. 
Warrenton, W6r-en-ton, en ts Va. 1}^, 

N. C. \%, Ga., Ala., Mo.; vs Miss., 

Ky., 0., la. 

Wan-entowu, Wor-en-ten, v Pa. 
Warrington, Wor-i^-ton, t and 

Eng., 231/3. 
Warrior's Mark, W6r-i-orz Mqrk, Pa., 
Warsaw, Wer-se, c Rus. Pol., 164^; 

co ts N-Y., Va., Ky. 1, la., Mo.;* 111., 3. 
Warta, Vq>-tq, r Ger., 450 in. 
Wartenburg, Vq>-ten-b>.i?7t, * Prus., 3. 
Warwick, Wor-vvik, lior and t Eng., 11; 

co t Va.: tv N-Y., Pa. 
Waslia, WoJ-i, I La. 
Washington, \V6J-hj-ton, n. w. te? U. 

S.; arua 123,022 s. m.; pop. chiefly 

Indians; some few whites, mostly 

traders, occupying a part of tho 

Washington, c, and seat of government 

of the United Slates, situated in the 

District of Columbia ; pop. 55: co ts 

Pa, 2%, 0., la. 1J4, Io., Ky., Tenn., 

Ark.: us Mass., Conn., N-J., Pa., 0., 

la., 111., Mo. 
Washington, land Arc. Oc., discovered 

by Dr. Kane, in 1854; or Uahuga, 

(D-q-hif>-gq, Marquesas Is. [500 in. 
Washita or Ouachita, WoJ-i-te, r Ark., 
Watab, Wo-tab, t> Minn. 
Watauga, Wu-to ga, r and co N. C. 
Wateeo, Wa-te-o, one of Harvey Is. 
Waterbury, Wa-ter-ber-i, c Conn., 7; 

v Vt., 2. [than 200 m. 

Wateree, Wo-ter-e, r S. C., nav. mure 
Waterford, W6-ter-ford, c Ir., 25>; 

Conn. 2%. N-Y. 1, Pa. %, Va., 0., 

la., 111., Wis., Miss. 
Waterloo, Wa-ter-lob, t) Belg., 2^; cots 

N-Y. 3>. 111.; -vs Va., Ala., la., 

Wis., 0. W. 
Watertown, Wd-ter-tun, c Wis., 4; co t 

N-Y., 7%: us Mass., Conn. 
Waterville, \Vd-ter-vil, vs Me. 4, Conn., 

N-Y., 0. 

Watford, Wot-ford, t and par Eng., 4. 
Watkinsville, Wot-kinz-vil, co t Ga. 
Watling's ( W6t-lii)z) Island, Bahamas. 
Watlington, Wot-lirj-ton, t and par 

Eng., 2. [Ter., 80 m. 

Watonwan (Wot-on-wan) River, Minn. 
Watsontown, Wot-son-tun, * Pa. 
Watton, Wot-on, * and par Eng., 1%. 
Wattsburg. Wots-burg, v Pa., ^. 
Waukau, Wo-ke, v Wis., %. 
Waukegan, Wo-ke-gan, co t 111., 4J^. 
Waukesha, Wd-ke-Je, co t Wis., 4. 
Waupacca, We-pak-a, co aud r Wis. 



Waupun, Wo-pun,t> Wis., J- 
W;ui-au. Wo-so, co t Wis., 1. 
W;msh:ir;i, W-Jar-a, v Wis., %. 
Wauwiito.-a, Wo-wa-to-sa, Wis., 1. 
WftreUad, Wav-land, v la., Y 3 . 
Wavenpy, Wa-ven-i, r Eng., 50 m. 
Wavcrlev, Wa-ver-li, e> N-Y. 
\Vavre, W^v-r, t Belg., 5^- 
Waxahacliie, Waks-a-haq-e, co t Tex. 
Wayne, Wan, v N-Y., 1. 
Waynesborough, Wanz-bur-ea, co ts 

Gn., Tenn.; r* Pa. 1, Va., N. C. 
Waynesburg, Wuuz-burg, co t Pa., IX; 

fl 0., 1. 
W.iynesiville, Wanz-vil, co ts N. C., 

Ua., Mo.; r O. 1. 111. 
Wazetnmes, Vq-7.ein, t Fr., 13. 
We a, We-e, la. 
Wear, Wer, r Eng., 67 m. 
Wcaverville, We-ver-vil, t Cal., 2J^. 
Webster, Web-ster, ts la., Mo., Cal. 
Wednesbury, Wenz-ber-i, t and par 

Eng., 12. 
Weedowvvee, We-di-we, co t Ala. 

Weedspurt, Wedz-port, N-Y. 

Wcerdt or Weert, 


Dutch Lim- 

Weerselo, Va,r-se-ld>, # Neth., 5. 
Wcblnu, Va-U, < Prus., 3>. [4. 

Wcichselburg, Vik-sel-bia/'A, < Illyria, 
Weida, Vj-dq, t Saxe-Weimar, 3%. 
Weighton ( Wa-ton) Market, t and par 

Bug., 2^. 
Weilheiin-an-der-Teck, Vjl-hjm-qn- 

der-T. k, !! Wiirt., 3>^. [11. 

Weimar, Vj-mar, c, cap Saxe-Weimar, 
Weingiirten, Vjn-gqr-tcn, Baden, 3. 
Weiuheim, Vjn-hitn, t Bad., 5J^. 
Weissenburg, Vj-aen-burA,/< t Ha\'., 4. 
Weisseiifels, Vj-sen-fela, < Prus. Sax., 


Weisskirchen, Vjs-kerA-en, < Aus., 5)^; 

< Moravia, 0)4. 
Weissport, Wjs-port, i) Pa. 
Weldon, Wei-don, N. C. 
Welland, Wel-and, r Eng., 70 m. 
Wclland Canal, connecting Lake Erie 

with Lake Ontario. 
Wellborn, Wei -born, co t Ala. 
'\S''.'ller.>l>urg. Wel-erz-burg, v Pa. 
Welleslcy (Welz-le) Islands, Gulf of 

Carpentoria, n. Australia. 
Wellfleet, Wel-flet, v Mass., 2. 
Wcllingborough, Wel-ijj-bur-o, t and 

par Eng., 5. 
Wellington, Wel-ifl-ton, ts and pars 

En?., i% and 4; r Mo., C. W.: fet 

N-Zeal.; w. S. Am. [do., 3%. 

Wells, Welz, c Eng.,4%;s-pt t and par 
Wellsborough, Welz-bur-o, co t Pa. 

Wellsburg, W6k-burg, co t Va., 3; v N- 
Wells' River, v Vt. [Y. 

Wells ville, Welz-vil, r N-Y. %, 0. 1%. 
Wels, Vels, < Upper Au., 4^. 
Welshpool, Welj-pottl, < and par North 

Wales. [2. 

Wener, Va-ner, or Wenner, Veu-er, I 


Wenham, Wen-ham, v Mass., J^. 
Wenlock, Wen-lok, t and two part 

Eng., 20>. 

Wentworth, Went-wurt, co t N. C. 
Werdau, Wer-ds, < Sax., 6J^. 
Werden, Ver-den, < Knen. Prus., 5%. 
Werl. Verl, t Prus. Westphalia, 4. 
Wernigcrode, Ver-ni-ga-rd>-da, t Prus. 

Sax., 5>^. 

Werra, We/'-q, r Cen. Ger., 150 m. 
Wertheim, Vert-hjm, t Baden, 3}^. 
Wesel, Nieder, Ne-der Va-zel, ft t 

Rhen. Prus., 12}^. 
Weser, Va-zer. r Ger., 250 m. 
Wesley City, Wes-li Sit-i, v 111. 
Wesleyville, Wes-li-vil, v Pa., J^. 
Wessel (W6s-el) Islands, off N. Aust. 
West Alburg, West 01'burg, v Vt. 
West Alexandria, Al-eks-an-dri-a, r* 

Pa., 0. 

West Alton, 01'ton, v N-H. 
West Amesbury, amz'ber-i, r Mass. 
West Andover, An'do-ver, N-H. 
West Barnstable, Bqrn-sta-bl, v Mass, 
West Baton Kouge, Bat-on Hat$,par La. 
West Bend, v Wis., 1. 
West Bloomfield, Blrfim-ftld, v N-Y. 
Westborough, West-bur-o, w Mas?., 0. 
Westbrook, West-bnak, Conn., 1. 
West Brownsville, Brsnz-vil, Pa., J^. 
Westbury, Wedt-ber-i, < and par Eug., . 

7. [2. 

West Cambridge, Kam-brij, v Mass., 
West Camden, Katn-den, v N-Y. 
West Carlisle, Kqr-ljl, v 0. TO. 

West Charleston, (5qrlz-ton,r Me. ,\ t., 
Westchestcr, West-cjes-ter, N-Y. 
West Chester, eeVter, en t Pa., 4J^. 
West Columbia, Ko-liiin-bi-a, r \.i. 
West Concord, Kon-kord, rg JN-II., Vt. 
West Cornwall, Korn-wol, Conn. 
Westecunk, Wes-te-kujjk, r Is'. J. 
West Elizabeth, 8-liz-a-bct, Pa., % 
Westeras, Wes-tcr-os, t Swed., 3)4- 
Westerham, West-er-ham, t and par 

Eng., IX- 

Westerly, West-er-li, r R. I., 1%. 
Western Australia, West-ern Os-tral- 

ya, Br. col Australia, 10J^. 
Western-Port, inlet s. Australia. 
Western Saratoga, Sar-a-US-gi, v III. 



Westervik, Vea-ter-vik, t Swed., 3. 

West Farms, v N-Y., 2%. 

West Feliciaria, Fe-liJ-i-an-a, par La. 

Wostfield, West-fell, vs Mass. 4, N-Y. 
2, N-J. 

West Fitohburg, Fig-burg, v Mass. 

Westford, West-ford, -y Mass. 

West Giload, Gil-s-ad, v 0. 

West Gloucester, Gloa-tsr, v R. I. 

West Giover, Gliiv-er, v Vt. 

West Greenville, Gren-vil, r> Pa., 1. 

West Hartford, Hq,rt-ford, V Conn.,4>. Haven, Ha-ven, v Conn. 

West Indies, West In'dez, or Antilles, 
fln-tel, is At. Oa., s. U. S., embracing 
the following groups: Greater An- 
tilles; Lasser Antilles; Caribbee; 
Virgin; Bahama, &j.; of which Cu- 
ba, Hayti, Porto Kieo, and Jamaica, 
of the first group, are the principal. 
Area 95,000 s. in., pop. 3,500,000. 

West Isles, is At. Oc., near Me. 

West Jefferson, Jef-er-son, v 0., J^. 

West Killingly, Kil-in-li, v Conn.,2%. 

West Lebanon, Leb-a-non, v N-H. 

West Liberty, Lib -er-ti, cc;2 Ky.;tO., 1. 

West Meridun, Mer-i-den, v Conn.,1^. 

Westminster, West-min-ster, div Lon- 
don, Eng.; co t Md.,1; vs Mass., 0.^. 

West Needham, Ned-ham, v Mass. 

West Newton, Ni\,-ton, v Mass., 1^. 

Weston, We's-ton, c Mo., 3; co t V&.; 
* Vt., Mass., Conn. 

Weston-Snper-Mare, Wes-ton-Sq,-pcr- 
Ma-re, t and par Eng., 4. 

Westphalia, West-fa-li-a, prov Prus.; 
area r <848 s. ra., pop. 1,464,921: v Mo. 

West Point, 52 miles n. of N-Y. City, 
on the Hudson River, site of the U. 
S. Military Academy; vs Ga., Tenn., 
Ky., la., Mo., Iowa, 1. 

Westpott, West-peart, s-pt t Ir., 4 ; vs 
N-H., Mass., Conn., N-Y., Ky., la.j t 
Mo., IX. 

West Poultney, P6lt-ni, v Vt. 

Westray, Wes-tra, Orkney Is., 2. 

West Rumney, Ilum-ni, N-H. 

West Rutland, Rut-land, v Vt. 

West Springfield, Sprin-feld, v Mass. 

West Stoekoridge, Siok-brij, v Mass. 

West Union, Yi^n-yon, co ts Va., 0., 
Iowa ; v la. [la.; co t Miss. 

Westviile, West-vil, vs Conn., 1%, 0., 

West Wheeling, Hwel-in, v 0., J^. 

Wetherby, Wed-er-bi, t Eng., 1>|. 

Wetta, Wet-q, i Malay Arch. 

Wetter, Vet-er, I Sweden. 

Wetteren, Wet-er-en, t Belg., 8^. 

Wetterhorn, Vet-er-ham, one of the 
Alpine Mountains. 

Wettin, Vet-en, t Prus. Sax., Z%. 
Wetumpka, We-tuinp-ka, c Ala., 3%. 
Wetzlar, Vets-lar, t Rhen. Prus., 5. 
Weverton, We-ver-ton, v Md., 2%. 
Wexford. Weks-ford, s-pt t Ir., 13. 
Wexio. Wek-Je-e, t Swed., 2%. 
Wey, Wa, r Eng. 
Weymouth, Wa-mufi, s-pt Eng., 3; s-pt 

t Nova Scotia: v N-J. 
Whaleysville, Hwa-liz-vil, v Md. 
Whalsay, Hwal-sa, Shetland Is., %. 
Wharton, II war- ton, <w t Tex. 
Whartonsburg, H \var-tonz-burg, c 0. 
Wheatland. Hwgt-land, Wis. 
Wheaton, Hwe-ton, v III. 
Whealersburg, Hwel-erz-burg, v 0.,%. 
Wheeling, Hwsl-in, c Va., 11^. 
Whidby's (Hwid-biz) Island, i n. w. 

Wash. Ter. 

Whiddy (Hwid-i) Island, s. Ir., %. 
VVhippany, Hwip-a-ni, c N-J., %. 
Whitby, Hwit-bi, bor, t and par Eng.,11. 
Whitchuroh, Hwit-qurq, ts and para 

Eng., 2 and 3%. 

White Creek, Hwjt Krek. v N-Y., 1. 
Whitehall, Hwjt-hel, vs N-Y. 4, N. C., 

111. [pt t Eng., 19. 

Whitehaven, Hwjt-ha-ven, bor and s- 
White Haven, Ha-ven, Pa. 
White House, H^s, B N-J. 
White Mountains, N-H., 622S5 ft. 
White Oak Springs, Ok Sprinz, v Wis., 
White Pigeon, Pij-on, v Mich., 1. [J^. 
White Plains, Planz, co t N-Y. 
White River, Ark. and Mo., 800 m.: la.. 
Whitesborough, Hwjts-bur-o, co t N- 

Whitesburg, Hwits-burg, co t Ky. 
White Sea, or Gulf of Archangel, g 

Arc. Oc. 

White Sulphur Springs, vs Va., La. 
Whitesville, Hwjts-vil, co t N. C.; V 


Whitewater, Hwjt-we-ter, v Wis., !}/. 
Whitewater River, Mo., 250 m. [1%. 
Whithorn, Hwit-hern, t and par Scot., 
Whitneyville, Hwit-ni-vil, v Conn. 
Whitstable, Hwit-sta-bl, t and par 

Eng., 3. 

Whittlesey, Hwit-1-si, t Eng., 5^; v 0. 
Wick, Wik, s-pt t and par Scot., 12. 
Wickford, Wik-ford, v R. I. 
Wicklow, Wik-lo, s-pt t Ir., 3. 
Wiconisco, Wik-o-nis-ko, v Pa., 1. 
Widin, Vid-in,/*! i! Eu. Tur., 25. 
Wieliczka, Ve-li(j-kq. t Aus. Pol., 4}^. 
Wiesbaden, Ves-bq-den, < Ger., 12J^. 
Wigan, Wig-an, i and par Eng., 32. 
Wigton, Wig-ton, t and />/ Eng.,4V^. 
Wigtown, Wig-t-sn, t and 2>ar Scot. 



Wilbraham, Wil-bra-ham, v Moss. 
Wildorraok, Wil-der-vqnk, v Nuth., 4. 
Wilke-'barrt;, Wilks-bar-g, bur I'enn.,.'!. 

Winstead, Win-sted, Conn. 
Winston, Win-ston, co t N. C. 
Wiiiterset. Wiu-ter-set, co t lo. 5%. 
Winterswyk, Win-terz-wjk, v Neth., 

Wilkusboniugli, \Vilks-bur-u, cot N. C. 

Wilkesville, Wilks-vil, v 0., 1. [in. \ \Vinton, Win-ton, co t N. C. 
Willamette, Wi-l^-met, r Or. ter., 200 f.Winyaw (Win-ye) Ba, S. C. 
Williamshurj:, Wil-jtms-burg, c Long | Wiota, Wi 6-tu, * Wi*. 

if _ I i x if: ._ ir . ir? i ii -itr i 

Isl.-ind. dOfco to V 

ams-burg, c Long 
a., 1>; Miss., Ky., 

r* O., 1%; Pa. 
Williamson, Wil-yam-son, v N-Y., IVa- 
Williamsport, Wil-yainz-port, co ti Pa., 

2^, Va., la. 
Williamstown, Wil-yamr.-t'sn, <x> ts N. 

C., Ky.; w Mass., 1, Mich., %. 
Williatnsville, Wil-yamz-vil, vs N-Y., 

1; Vt. [3j^. 

Willimantic, Wil-i-man-tic, t Conn., 
Willington, Wil-ifl-ton, fa Conn., y a \ 

S. C. 

WillingUon, Wil-in-ston, v Vt. 
Willoughby, Wil-o-bi, v 0., 1. 
Willow Grove, Wil-o Grov, v Pa. 
Willsborough, Wilz-bur-o, v N-Y., 1. 
Willshire. Wil-Jer, v 0. 
Wilmington, Wil-mi])-ton, cDel., 16J^; 

c N. C., 10; ts 0., \%, la., III. 
Wilson, Wil-son, v N-Y., %: co t N. C. 
Wilton, Wil-t,on, t and par Eng., 1%; 

N-H., 1J4, Conn. 
Wimborne- Minster, Wim-born-Min- 

ster, t and />r Eng., 2J4. 
Wincanton, Win-kan-ton, < and pat 

EngnSK. [Eng., 2. 

Winchcombe, Winq-kum, and />r 
Winchester, Win-qos-ter, c Eng., 

* N-H., 

Mass., 1; co ts Va., 

, la., 1, 111., 1, Tcnn. 
Wii)ilermere( Win-der-mer) Lake, Eng. 
Windham, Wind-ham, Conn. 
Windsor, New, Nq, Win-zor, t and par 

N-Y., Vt., 1, 

Eng., 9. 
Windsor, w ts N-C.; 

0., la., 111., Wis.; g-pt t N. Scotia; t 

C. W. 


Windsor Castle, residence of British 
Windsor Locks, v Conn., 1%. [!% 
Winfield, Win-fsld, cot Va.; v N-Y., 
Winnebago Win-e-ba-go (Lake,) Win., 

28 by 10 m. 

Winneconna, Win-e-kon-a, v Wis. 
Winneshiek, Win-e-Jk, co and p o To. 
Winnipeg, Win-i-peg, I Br. N. Atn., 

2 10 by 55 m. 
Winnipegoos, Win-i-pe-ga>3, I Br. N. 

Am., 125 by 25 in. 
Winnipiscogce, Win-i-pe-sog-, I N- 

H., 23 by 10 m; River, do. [L,iv- 
Winnsborongh, Wins-bur-o, co ts S. C., 
Winooski, Win-dbs-ki, v Vt. 
Winslow, Wiaz-lo, Me., N-J., la. 

Wirksworth, W^rks-wort, t and par 

Eng., 2%. [. 

Wirbeach, \Vis-bsq, Zx)r and t Eng., 10- 

Wifcasset, Wis-kas-et, t Me. 

Wisconsin, Wis-kon-sin, r Wis., 200 m. 

Wisconsin, one of the n. w. U. S., re- 
cently admitted into the Confederacy; 
area, 5:5,924 s. m.; the increase of 
the pop. in this state is unexampled; 
in 1850, its inhabitants, numbered 
305,391; whites, 304,756, colored, 630. 

Wisuiar, Wis-mar, s-pt t Mecklenburg- 
Schwerin, lt^. 

Wissombourg, Ves-em-bdbr, t Fr., 6. 

Wiston, Wis-ton, v and par Wales, %. 

Withain, Wifc-ain, r Eng., 80 m; t and 
par do. 3J/J. 

Withamsvillo, Wifi-amz-vil, v 0. 

Withlacoochee, Wib-la-kcib-qg, rt Ga., 

Witney, Wit-ni, t and par Eng., 3. 

Wittenbe.-g, Wit-en-ber/t, ft t I'rua. 
Sax., 8%. [%. 

Wittenborge, Wit-en-berA-e, ^Prus., 4- 

Wittstock, Vit-stok, t Prus'., 6j^. 

Wittzenhausen, Vit-sen-h-s-zen, 

Hesse-Cassel, 3 

[Eng., 3. 

Wivelisci>oibo, Wils-kum, t and par 
Wivenhoe, Wiv-en-ho, / and par Eng., 

1%. [cMass. 

Wuburn, W6-burn, t and par Eng., 2; 
Wohlau, V 6-1T5, t Prus. Silesia. 3. 
Wokingham. W6-kir)-ham, t Eng., 2^. 
Wolcott, Wol-kor, r* Vt., N-Y. 
Wolcottville, Wol-kot-vil, vg Conn., 1- 

%: la. 

Woldenberg, V61 den-berA, t Prus., 3. 
Wolfborough, Wulf-bur-o, v N-H. 
Wolfenbuttel, V61 -fen -bet-el, <Ger.. 9. 
Wolf River, Wis., 150 m. 
Wolgnst. Vol-gcist, s-pt t Prus., 5J^. 
Wollin, Vo!-en, s-pt t Prus., 4>^: <lo. 
Wollinirstadt, Vol-uier-stet, i Prus. 

Sax., 3%. [Eng., 41^. 

Wolsingham, W61-sij)-ham, t and //ar 
Wolverhauiptou, Wol-ver-hamp-ton, t 

and ftor Eng., 50. JL".;. 

Wolvnrlcy, Wiil-ver-li, v&nilpar Eng., 
Woodbridge, Wiad-brij, t and par Eng., 
Woodburn, Wud-burn, III. 
Woodbury, Wud-ber-i, co 

Tenn., III.: 11 Conn. 
Woudsfield, Wuidz-feld, co t 0., 

II- [6Ji. 
< N-J., 1 



Woodstock, Wiid-stok, t Eng., l^; CO 
t N-H., Vt., l^; Va., 1J4; 111., N- 

Brun., C. W., 2; r.8 N-Y., Ga., 0. 
Woodstown, Wiidz-tsn, N-J. 
Woodville, Wud-vil, en ts Miss., Tex.; 

us 0., Li,, III., Mo., Va., Ga., Ala. 
Woodwardsville, Wiad-wardz-vil, v X-J. 
Wooler, Wiil-er, t anil par Eng., 2. 
Woolwich, Wial-iq or Wiil-ij, t and 

par Eng., 32%. 

Woonsockef, Wun-sok-et, v R. I., 6}^. 
Woostor, Wus-ter, c<> t 0., 4. 
Wootton-Basset, Wiat-on-Bas-et, t and 

pa/ 1 Eng., 1%. 
Worcester, Wus-ter, c Eng., 27%; c 

Mass., 20%; v N-Y., III. 
Workington, Wiirk-irj-ton, 'g-pt and 

pa;- Eng., 7J^. [^. 

Wurksop, Wiirk-sop, < and par Eng., 7- 
Workum, Vo>-kurn, t Neth., 3}^. 
Woruaditt., Vem-dit, t Prus., 3.^. 
Worms, Wurmz, anc c Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, 9>. 

Worthing, Wurit-in, t Eng., 5^. 
Worthington, Wiird-iu-ton, vs Pa., 

Ky., 0., X. 

Worthsville, Wdrts-vil, v la. 
Wragby, Rag-bi, t and par Eng., %. 
Wrangel, Kag-el, * Rus., \y & . 
Wrexham, Reks-huui, t and par N. 

Wales, loj^. 
Wrietzen, Vret-sen, < Prus., 6. 

Wrightsville, Rjts-vil, lor Pa., 1%. 
Wrington, Rin-ton, <andprtrEng., 1%. 
Wrockwardine, R6k-\vdr-djn, V and 

ar Eng., 3&. [Ji. 

Wrotham, Rot-ham, -u and ^xz/'Eng., 3- 
Wulur, Wiil-er, I Cashmere. 
Wunsiedel, Viin-se-del, t Bavaria, 4. 
Wunzen, Wif>n-zen, vnj Japan. 
Wurduh, Wiir-da, r Ind., 300 ra. 
Wurno, Wur-no, t Cen. Af., 13. 
Wurtembei'g, Ver-tein-bc;-A, k Ger.; 

area 7554 s. m., pop. 1,733,253. 
Wurzburg or Wurtzburg, Ve/-ts-burA, 

ft t Bavaria, 26%. 
Wurzen, Viirt-sen. t Saxony, 4^. 
Wyalusing, Wj-a-h\-siT), v Wis. 
Wyandot, Wi-an-dot, 0. [Eng., 7%. 
Wyoombc, Wik-um, Chipping, t;\.n<]par 
Wye, Wj, r Eng. nnd Wales, 130 in.; 

par and Eng., 1%. 
Wyhe, Vj-e, v Neth., 11%. 
Wymondham, Wj-mond-ham, t and 

par Bug.. 5}4. 

Wynantskill, Wi-nants-kil, t) N-Y. 
Wyne-Gunirn, Wjn-Giin-ga, r Ind., 230 
Wyngene, Wh)-Aa-ne, Belg., 7. [in. 
Wyoming, Wj-o-inij), vj Pa., N-Y., 

Ky., la.. Til.," lo. 

Wythe, Wit), co Va.; p o 111. ^ 
Wytheville, \Vit-vil, co t Va., 1. 
Wytoonee, \Ve-to>-ne, one of the Dis- 
appointment Is. 


tany names beginning with X, 
will be found under J, as the more 
recent orthography. [pek. t Mex., 4. 
Xamiltepec or Jainiltepec, //^-tnsl-ta- 
Xanten, K*q,n-ten, t Rhenish Prus., 3. 
Xanthus, Zan-tus, r As. Min.; anc. c 
As. Min. 

Xenia, Zt-ni-a, co t 0., 3J^; v 111. 
Xingu or Chingu, Xiij-gA, r Brazil, 

1300 in. 

Xochirnilco, /Aj-qE-mEl-kca, v Mex. 
Xochitepee, //o-qg-ta-pek, * Mex. 
Xorullo, //o-ril-o, vol Mex. 
Xulla, Zdbl-qj is Malay Arch. 


Yablonoi, Yq-blo-n6, ms P/. A3. 
Yadkin, Yad-kin, r N-C., 200 m. 
Yakoono Seoraa, Yq-kifi-nca Se-mq, i 
Yakootsk, Yq-kt&tsk, t Sib., 7. [Jap. 
Yakova, Yq-kca-vq, t Eu. Tur., 18. 
Yallobu.-ha, Yal-o-bd)-Ja, co and r 

Miss., nav. 90 m. 
Ya-Long-Kiang, Yq-Lon-Ke-^n, r 

China, 600 m. 

Yalpookh, Yql-pc6i, I Rus. 
Yamaska, Yq-mq-i-ka, v C. E., %. 
Yana, Yq-nq, r Sib., 600 m. 
Yanaon, Yq-nq-6n, Fr. Ind., 6%. 
Yanceyvillo, Yan-si-vil, co t N. C., %. 
Yang-Tse-Kiang, Yqtj-Tse-Ke-^fl, f 

China, 1000 m. 

Yauina, Yq-ne-nq. c Eu. Tur., 36,000. 
Yan-Phing, Yqn-Firj, c China. 



Yaqni, Yq-ke, r Mex., 400 m. 
Yardley-Hastings, Yq>d-li-Has-tirjz, v 

and par Eng., \%- 
Yardleysville, Yqrd-liz-vil, V Pft. 
Yarkand, Yqr-kqnd, cap c Chinese 

Toorkistan, 100. 
Yarkand River, China, 500 m. 
Yarmouth, Great, Grat Yqr-inut, s-pt 

t and par Eng., 30%. 
Yarmouth, Yqr-inut), t and par Isle of 
^ Wight, y 3 ; s-pt t N. Scotia. 
Yarmouth Port, v Mass. 
Yaroslav, Yq-ro-slqv, c Rus., 35. 
Yarra-Yarra, Yar-a-Yar-a, r Aust. 
Yassy, or Jasay, Yqs-e, cap t Moldavia, 
Yaxley, Yaks-li, v Eng., 1%. [20. 
Yazoo, Yq-z(6, r Miss., nav. 290 m.; 

City, co t Miss., 2. 

Ybicuy, 8-bi-kwe, r Uruguay, 200 m. 
Yealmpton, Yeluip-ton, v and par 

Eng., \%. 

Yecla, Ya-klq, < Sp., 9^. 
Yeddo r/r Jeddo, YeJ-o, cap c Japan, 

1,500,000; Gulf, a. e. of the is. of 


Yefreuaov, Yef-ra-mov, t Rus., l]/^. 
Yeia. Ya-yq, r Ru., 140 m. 
Yekaterinboorg, Ya-kq-ta-rin-bi6rg, t 

As. Rus., 15. [Rus., 5 - 

Yekaierinodar, Ya-kq-ta-re-na-dq>, t 
Yekaterinoslav, Ya-kq-ta-re-no-slav, 

g<>v and I Rus., 13j^. 
Yelagooi, Ya-lq-giD-e, r Siberia, 200 m. 
Yelatom, Ya-lq-tom, t Rus., 5. 
Yelets, Ya-leis, t Rus., 16^. 
Yelisavetgrad, Ya-le-sq-vet-grqd, ft t 

Rus., 10. 

Yell, Yel, one of the Shetland Is., 2%. 
Yellow Sea, -inlet Pac. Oe., n. e. of Ch. 
Yellow Springs, 0., !> 
Yellowstone River, a tributary of the 

Missouri, 1000 m. 
Yellville, Yel-vil, co t Ark. 
Yemen, Yem-en, s. w. div Arabia. 
Yen-Chow-Foo, Yen-G^-Frf), c China, 

pop. 200. 
Yenikale, Yen-i-k^-ln, strait uniting 

the Sea of Azof with the Black Sea. 
Yenisei, Yen-i-sd-e, r Siberia, 2500 m. 
Yeniseisk, Yun-s-sask, gov and c Rus., 6. 

Yeoo, Ya-A, r Af., 300 m. 
Yeovil, Y6-vil, t and par Eng., 6. 
Yeshil-Kool, YdJ-il-Kitl, I Cbineso 


Yesso or Jesso, Y6s-o, Japanese Is. 
Yeste, Yes-ta, t Sp., 6. 
Yetholm, Yet-om, par Scot., 1%. 
Yezd, Yezd, c Persia. 
Ylopango, -la-p6jn.-g<a, I Cen. Am. 
Yonkers, Yonk-erz. v N-Y., 4. 
Yonne, Yon, dep Fr., pop. 380,856. 
Yoodoinii, Ya)-d6-mq, r Siberia, 170 m. 
Yoog, Yd)g, r Rus., 220 m. 
Yoogan, Yio-gqn, r As. Rus., 228 m. 
Yoomadung, Yooin-a-durj, m Fur. Ind. 
York, York, c Eng., 3nJ^: co t Pa., 6%; 

r* Me., 3. III.; ft Br. N. Am., w. of 

Hudson's Bay. 
York River, Va., 40 m. 
Yorkshire, Yerk-Jgr, v N-Y. 
York Sulphur Springs, v Pa. 
Yorktown, York-tun, co t Va.; la. 
Yorkville, York-vil, co t S. C.; ft 

Tenn., la., III., Wis., C. W., In. 
Youghal, Y6-hil or Yol, s-pt t and par 

Ir., 1V Z . [Md., Pa. 

Youghiogheny, Yo-ho-ga-ne, r Va., 
Youngstown, Yiiijz-fn, N-Y., 1, Pa., 

Y^ 0., Itf. 

Young3ville,Ydrjz-vil, f Pa. [tnn,i> Pa. 
Youngwooiansiown, Yur)-wuui anz- 
Yountsville, Y'snts-vil, t> la. 
Ypres, 8'pr, ft t Belg., 15%. 
Ypsilanti, Ip-si-lan-ti, v Mich., 2%. 
Yreka, *-re-ka. t Cal., 2>^. 
Ysseluaonde, i^sel-mon-da, ' S. Hoi. 
Yssingeaax, 8-sah-j6, t Fr., 7%. 
Ystad, Is'tqd, s-pt t Swed., 4%. 
Ystwith, Ist'witt, r Wales. 
Yuba, Yi^-ba, r Cal. 
Yuba City, t Cal. 
Yucatan, Yoj-kq-tq'n, et Mex., area 

52,947 s. m., pop. 668,623; Bay, 

n. of Honduras. [400 m. 

Yuen-Kiang, Yo>-n-Ke-drj, r China, 
Yuuia, Yt6-naq, r Hayti, 70 m. 
Yurung-Kash, Ycn-rdn-KoJ, r Chinese 

Toorkistan, 250 m. 
Yverdun, 8-ver-dun, #Swit.,3%. 
Yvetot, g?-t<i, t Fr., 10. 


Zaandatn, Zqn-dq'tn, t Neth., 11J<. 
Zah, Zqb, r Turk. Koordistan, 200 m. 
Zabakano. Zq-bq-kq-no, t W. Af., 9. 
Zacapa, Sq-ko.-pq, t Cen. Am., Guat., 5. 

Zacatecas, Zqk-a-ta-kas, ft Mex., area 
30,507 s. in., pop. 305,551; c, cap of 
the same, 25. 

Zacatula, Sq-ka-U>-lq, t Mex. 



Zacunlpan, Sq-kwql-pqn, v Mox. 
Ziicualtipun, Sq-kwql-te-pqn, t Mex. 
Zafaran-Boli, Zq-fq-rqn-Bo-le, t As. 

Min., 15. 

Zaffarin, Zq-fq-rgn, & Med. 
Zafra, Rq-frq, t Sp., 4%. 
Zfigros (Zq-gros) Mount, As. 
Zaisan, Zj zqn, /Chinese Toorkistnn. 
Zalesczyky, Zq-leJ-qik-e, t Aus. Gal- 

icia, 5. 

Zauiora, Rq-md>-rq, c Sp., 8%. 
Zamora. Sq-mu-rq, Mex. 
Zamosz, Zq-mnJ, t Pol.. 5. 
Zanesville, Zanz-vil, c 0.. 10^: v III. 
Zangue'oar, Zqtj-ga-bqr, fe/- of E. Af. 
Zante, Zqu-ta, Ionian Island, 39%; t 

of same, 20. 
Zanzibar, Zqn-ze-bqr, or Zanguebar, 

Zqn-ga-bqr, i c. of Af., 150. [a<*ua. 
Zapatera, Sq-pq-ta-rq, in L:ike Nicar- 
Zapatosa, Sq-pq-tcJ-sq, I N-Gran. 
Zara, Zq-rq, cap c Dalraatia, 6%. 
Zarevokokshaisk, Zq-ru-vu)-kio-Jjsk, t 

Rus., 5. (40. 

Zaria, Zq-re-yq, cap Zeg-Zeg, Cen. Af., 
Za-'lav, Zqs-lqr, t Rus. Pol.. 8J^. 
Zbar:is7, Zbq-raJ, t Aus. Galiuia, b%. 
Zoa. 7>B-q. i Gr. Arch., 9. 
Zealand, Ze-lund, prov Neth., 165. 
Zebayer, Ze-bj-er, is Red Sea. 
Zebeed. Zeb-ld, ft t Arabia, 7. 
Zebu. Ze-hif), i Malay Arch.. 8-%. 
Zebulon, Zeb-yi|-lon, en t Ga. 
Zeiden. Tsi-den, t Transylvani 
Zoitz, Trite, t Prus. Sax., 12%. 
Zelaya. i-ia-lq-yq. t Mex., 10. 
Zele. Za-le, < Belg., 10^. 
Zell (Zel) Lake, s. part of Baden. 

Zengg, Zeg, s-pt t Croatia, 5. 
Zenjan, Zeu-gqn, t Persia, 15. 
Zenta, Sen-t,o, t Hun., 13%. 
Zer-Afshun, Zer-flf-Jqn, r Independent 

Toorkistan, 400 in. 
Zerbst, Tserpst, t Ger., 8>^. 
Zeulenroda, Tstr len-rdi-da, t Ger. 4%. 
Zhitomcer. Zit-o-mgr, t Rus. Pol., 28. 
Zhizdra, Zis-drq, t Rus., 8. 
Zielenzig, Tse-len-tsiA, t Prus., 4^. 
Zierikzee, Ze-rik-za, t Xeth., 6%. 
Zillerthal, Tsil-er-tql, val Tyrol, 14. 
Zilwaukie, Zil-wo-ke, v Mich. 
Zinder, Zin-der, t Bornoo, 1*'. 
Zionsville, Zj-onz-vil, vs la.. Pa. 
Zittau, Tsi-fs, t Saxony, 10. 
Znaim, Tsnjin, t Moravia, 5. 
Zoar, Zar, v 0., settled by German?, 

having a community of property. 
Zolotchev. Zo-lo-qev, t Ru>'., 5. 
Z..mb,>r, Zom-bor, t Hun., 22. 
Zschoppau, Tjop-o, t Sax., 6%. 
Zug, TsinA. canton Swit.; c of same 3^. 
Zulia, Siib-li-q. r S. Am., 180 in. 
Zullichau, Tsel-e-k-s. t Pru-i., 4^. 
Zuni, Z*n-ye, t N-Mex. d 

Zurgena, Roor-Aa-nq, t Sp., 12%. 
Zurich, Zq-rik, canton Swit.; cap c of 

same, 17; Lake, Swit. 
Zurrah, Ziir-a, brackish I Afg. 
Zuruma, S^D-nib-mq. t EC., R. 
Zutphen. Ziit fen, t Neth.. 12%. 
Zuyder-Zee, Zj-der-Zg, g German Oc. 
Zvornik, Zvor-nik, ft t Eu. Tur., 15. 
Zwickau, Tsvik-Tj, ts Bohemia, 3j^J 

Sax., 12%; Bohemia, 3%. 
Zwittau, Tsrit-x, t Moravia. 3%. 
Zwolle, Zwol-e,/i! t Neth., 17. 



SURNAMES, like Steam Engines, Railroads, and Telegraphs, seem to be of 
modern origin, the expanse of mind and a rapidly advancing cirilization having 
created the necessity for a definite distinction between the actors in the drama 
of life. However this may be, the invention seems, to the mass of mankind, to 
be more perplexing than those mentioned in this connection; but this difficulty 
is not, let it be borne in mind, in the names vocally expressed, but in their 
symbolical representation. Following out the tendencies of a wretchedly im- 
perfect orthography, the good fathers dressed themselves [i. e., their names,] in 
ill-arranged costumes, which, after the established manner of things temporal, 
fell to their children, who have since continued to hand them down from gen- 
eration to generation, with but slight modifications. 

If it be true that, " Sine nomine hotno non est,"* then should the clothing of 
the name be appropriate an indication to the eye of what the thing is itself. 
But alas ! such is not the case, and in view of the fact, which we cannot look 
to be changed at present, in any way whatever, we have endeavored, in the 
pages that follow, to overcome this difficulty to some extent to place it in the 
power of the reader to call people by their right names. We do not claim for it 
correctness in every particular, for the many difficulties in the way rendered 
this impossible at first, but we feel confident that the reader of general history, 
and the student in all the departments of science and literature, will find this 
list of PERSONAL NAMES an invaluable companion. And, furthermore, to those 
engaged in commercial, mechanical, or agricultural pursuits, who generally givo 
their spare time each day to the reading of their "paper," this will be found of 
great use in rendering familiar what they read. The constant intercommuni- 
cation between the civilized nations of the earth, the numerous travelers fol- 
lowing the various directions of the compass, at the present time, render such 
a work highly important. There are biographical dictionaries, it is true, but 
while the names given are barely readable to the sarant, they are unapproach- 
able barriers in the way of the general reader. Surely this class, as well as 

* Without a name man is nothing. 



all others who are in the habit of reading, will feel grateful for the appearance 
of this little work, and all other attempts to make intelligible words clothed 
in a strange orthography. If every Dutchman one meets has not a namo so 
long as Hans Inkvenankodsdorspanckinkadrachdem, or every father of the 
Church so modest a title as thatof "St. Colhn-ap-Gyunawg-ap-Clyndawg-cp- 
Wltdig,"* still there are many less imposing, of Anglo-Saxon as well as of for- 
eign races, quite unpronouneable without assistance, to dress these in pho- 
notypy renders them intelligible. 

This, as we believe, is the first attempt to give the pronunciation of modern 
names, and in the absence of such a work of reference the task has been labo- 
rious. But no pains have been spared in procuring the correct pronuncia- 
tion of every name as far as possible, not only as instanced, but by reference to 
geographical names, poetry, and to works in every department of science and 
Belles-lettres. For instance, the name of a distinguished Senator from Texas, 
(Houston,) is pronounced by some public speakers, Hss-toc, by others, Hdbs-ton; 
now the object to be obtained was to find out how the gentleman pronounced 
it himself, which was done, and was found to be as last given. It would have 
been gratifying to the publishers to have been able to give a more ex- 
tended notice of the works of the great minds that have passed away, together 
with those actively engaged at the present time, to have chatted column after 
column away about the SHAKESPEARES, NEWTOXS and GODWINS, the GCETHES, 
KAXTS and SCHILLEES. the LA PLACES and FRANKLINS of the past, the HUM- 
BOLDTS, AEAGOS and AGASSIZ, of the present, but this would have alone re- 
quired a massive volume, and would have defeated the object of the publishers, 
which was- to make a convenient book of reference for every class of persons. 

In conclusion, we invoke an honest criticism of our labors, hoping that such 
errors as are noted will be forwarded in time to make the requisite corrections 
in the second edition. "W. n. S. 

* The dedication of the Church of Llangollen in Wales. [Vide Recreative 
Review, vol. ii. p. 189, Eng.] It appears from the following laughable des- 
cription of cheese, designed to ridicule this system of nomenclature, that the 
surnominal adjunct, ap, [meaning of, or from, by descent,] was used in Wales 
until recently: 

"Adam's own cousin-german by its birth, 

English Surnames, vol. i. p. 18. 


The usual Geographical abbreviations are employed, as explained in the In- 
troduction to the Geographical Names ^ also, the ordinary abbreviations of 
Christian names. In order to economize space, an abridged style of expression 
has been adopted, which when once understood is sufficiently expressive for a 
book of reference. Thus: "Aaron, eld, br Moses," elder brother of Mottt ; 
"b. A. M.," born year of the world ; "B. C.," Imfvre Ghrint. The figures at 
the close of each paragraph, thus : " 1512 1571," are to be read, " born 1512 
died 1571 ;" or if ' k." precede the last figures, read "killed 1571 ;" "g." "guil- 
lotined," &c. See "Ainmuller," "1807 ," means, born 1807, but not dead, 01 
if so it is not known ; "Allen," " 1789," means, the birth is not known, but 
died in 1789. [Those who own the book, when they hear of the death of anj 
individual mentioned in it, should enter the time of his decease opposite the 





a.q agriculturist. 
alch alchemist. 





,ff .. 

antiq antiquarian. 

e no 





arc, arch arch i tect. 
archce. archaeologist. 

fn"h . . 



P a 




aft, astr -astronomer. 
astral astrologer. 






ben benefactor. 
biog biographer. 




P r 

b/j Dianop. 





nt .. , 

C crowned. 

eari caricaturist. 
eel celebrated. 





pal it 

chem chemist. 


Cier c ergytnan. 

common -commander. 
commen -commentator. 
conch conchologist. 
conq conqueror. 
contr contributer. 



tl ,l 


lieu enant. 

mat rned- 

literary. [ter. 
landscape pain- 
music composer. 

vie .... ... 

dip diplomatist. 

dram ' dramatist. 
tec ecclesiastic. 

ecdn economist. 

e o . 






Aaron, SWon, eld br Mose?, first high 

priest of the Jews, b. A. M.. 2434, or 

1575 B. C. 
Aartsbergen, Alex. Van, Fon flrts'ber- 

gen, nab and st of Holl., 17th cen. 
Abuti, Nicolo, Nik-6-lo fl.-bq-t8, pt 

Italy, 15121571. 

Abbas Pacha, Ab'qs Pq-Jq, vie Egypt. 
Abbot, Ab'ot, Samuel, merch Boston, 

Mass., 1732 1812. [aus Ma. 

Abbott, Ab'ot, John S. C. and Jacob, 
Abd-El-Kader,Obd-el-Kq-der, gen Al- 
geria, [an Eng. 
A 'Beckett, ft-Bek-et, Gilbert Abbott, 
Abercroinbie, Ab-er-krom-bi, John, M. 

D., au and ph Scot., 17811844. 
Abercrotnby, Ab-er-kroin-bi, Sir Ralph, 

fff Scot., 17341801. 
Aberdeen, Ab-er-den, Geo. Gordon, 

Earl of, st Eng. 
Abernethy, Ab'er-ne-ti, John, sur and 

au Ir., 17631831. 
Abinger, Ab'in-jer, James Scarlett, 

Lord, j Eng.,1769 1844. [Chaldea. 
Abraham, ['br-ham, patriarch, b. in 
Achilles. A-kil ti, fab, being dipped 

by his mother in the river Styx, was 

invulnerable in every part except his 

right heel, by which she held him; 

killed at the sei^e of Troy. 
Achilli, Giovanni Uiacinto, Jo-vq'-ne 

Jq-qen-to fl-ke-it, Italian Church 

Actaeon, Ak'te-on, fab, a hunter who, 

discovering Diana bathing, was by 

her turned into a ?tfcg. 
Adam, Ad'am, father of the human 

race, lived 930 years after his expul- 
sion from Paradise. 
Adams, Ad'amz, C. B.. QCO and au 

Mass., 18141853. 

Adams, John, t, V-Pre.. to Washing- 
ton, from 1789 to 1793, and Pres.U. 
S., till 1801; Mass., 1735 1826. V- 
Pres., Thomas Jefferson. 

Adams, John Quincy, son of Pres. John 
Adams, st and sixth Pres. of U. S., 
from 1825 to 1829, elected by House 
of Representatives, 1767 1848. V- 
Pres., J. C. Calhoun. [17221803. 

Adams, Samuel, Am. pat and st Mass., 

Adams, J. C., astr Eng. 

Adanson, A-dan-son, Michel, bot and 
au Fr., 17271806. 

Addison, Ad'i-son, Joseph, poet and au 
Eng., ed ' Spectat'^." 16721719. 

Adelung, H'de-Lorj, John Ch., pMlol 
Ger., 1734180(5. 

Adolphus, A-dol-fus, Frederick II, k 
Sweden, 17101771. 

Adonis, A-ddi-nis, a youth remarkably 
beautiful, beloved by Venus and 

yEneas, C-ne-as, Trojan prince, son of 
Anchises andVenus, 1197 B. C. 

^Eolus, S'o-lus, the god of the winds. 

JEschines, Ess'ki-nez, or ootem. Demos- 
thenes, 730 B. C. [B. C. 

JSsehylus, Es'ki-lus, poet Athens, 274 

JSsculapius, Es-kvj,-la-pi-us, the god of 

JEsop, S'sop, a Greek slave, au of tho 
fables that bear his name, 200 B. C. 

Agamemnon, Ag-a-mem-uon, brother 
to Menelaus, captain-general of the 
Greeks at the seige of Troy. 

Agassiz, Louis, Lc6-i Ag-oj-se, dist. not, 
born 1807, in Switzerland, now of 
Mass. [17471822. 

Aikin, a'kin, John, M. D., wr Eng. 

Ainrnuller, CTn'raul-er, Maximilian 
Emanuel, ait Ger., 1807 - 




Ainsworth, ffnz'wurt, \V. Harrison, 

noo Eng., 1805 
Ainsworth, ilnz'wurt, comp English 

and Latin Dictionary, 1743 
Airy, &r'i. Geo. JJidell. oat royal Eng.. 

Ajax, il'jaks, fab, one of the princes 

and heroes at the seigc of Troy. 
Akensidc, tt'ken-sjd, Mark, poet and 

pk Eng., 17211770. 
Albun,Gl'ban, St., first Christian mar- 
tyr in Britain, 3d cen. 
Albert, Al'bert, Franz-August-Karl- 

Emanucl, Prince Consort, Duke of 

Saxe -Coburg- Got.ha, but better 

known as "Prince Albert," Eng., 

Alcibiades, Al-si-bj-a-dez, Athenian 

gen, slain 404 B. C. 
Aleuibert, fl-lem-ber, John Le Rond 

d', math, died 1783. 
Alexander the Great, son of Philip, k 

Macudon, born 365 B. C. At 20 as- 
sumed his father's throne, and at 33 

had "conquered the world, "and died. 
Alexander Paulowitch, Al-eks-an-der 

Po-lo-vic, emp Rus., 17771825. 
Alexander II , present emp Russia. 
Alfieri, fll-fi-a-re, Count Vittorio, 

dramatic poet It., 17491803. 
Ali, Pacha, Pq-Jq fl'lj, prince Eu. 

Tur., 17501822. 
Alison, Al'i-son, Archibald, hist, adv 

and au Scot., 1792 [Scot. 

Alison, Wai. Pultney, pol econ and ph 
Allen, Ethan, 8'tan Al'en, cff Am. 

army, 1789. [1626. 

Alleyu, Al'jn, Edward, act Eng., 1566 
Allston, 61'ston, Washiugton, pt Mass., 

Almqaist, fllm-k(fi-ist, Karl Jonas Lud- 

wig, au Sweden, 1793 
Alsop, 01'sop, Richard, poet Conn., 

Alva, fll'vq, Ferdinand, duke of Alva, 

yen, Sp., 15081582. 
Alvensleban, fll-fenz-la-ben, Count 

Albert, dip and min of state, Prus., 

Ambrose, Am'broz, St., father of the 

Christian church, 333397. 
Ambrosia, \va-br&-$i-a,fab, the food of 

the gods. 
Amerigo Vespucci, fl-mer-6-gca Ves- 

pdi-c/,, navlt., 1512. [1808. 

Ames, flrnz, Fisher, Am. ft Mass., 1756 
Amici, Giovanni-Batista, Jo-vq 1 -ne-Bq- 

tis-tq flm-e-CE, ast and nat ph It., 

1784 [785 B. C. 

Amos, fl'mos, prophet and Israel, d. 

Ampere, Jean- Jacques, Xnn-Xnk flh - 
pa,r, philol and au Fr., 1800 

Ainphion, Am-f j-on, a famous musician. 

Anacharsis, An-a-kojr-sis, ph Scythia, 
was assassinated for attempting to 
introduce Grecian customs into his 
own country, 550 B. C. [B. C. 

Anacreon, Au-ak-re-on, Greek p<,et 270 

Anastasius I., pope of Rome, died 402. 

Anaxagoras, An-aks-ag-o-ras, Grecian 
ph 450 B. C. 

Anderson, Hn'der-son, Hans Christian, 
Dan. nt/o 1805 

Andral, fln'dral, Gabriel, ph and au 
Fr., 1797 L 1749 178 - 

Andre, fln'dr, John, rff Brit, army, 

Andrew, St., An'dnn, dis of John the 
Baptist, put to death on the cross in 
Scythia, for preaching the Gospel. 

Andromache, An-drom-a-ke, fab, tho 
wife of Hector. 

Anglesey, An/gl-?a, Henry Wm. Paget, 
Marquis of, tff 'Brit, army, 1768 

Anthon, An'ton, Charles. LL. D., clas- 
sic au N-Y., 1797 

Anlonius, Marcus, M4rk-us An-t6-ni-ui>, 
or Mark Antony, the Roman trium- 
vir, 40 B. C. 

Apis, 3'pis, son of Jupiter nnd Niobe, 
taught the Egyptians to sow corn and 
plant vines; after his death worship- 
ped in the form of an ox, a symbol of 

Apollonius, Ap-ol-6-ni-us, Greek pott 
and rhet. Also, a Pythag. ph 1st cen. 

Apollos, A-pol-os, a Jew of Alexandria, 
convert to Christianity, in the time 
of Paul. 

Appert, Ap'er, Bcnj. Nicholas Marie, 
philan and au France, 1797 

Aquinas, Ak'wi-nas, St. Thomas, Italy, 

Arngo, Francois Dominique, Fr^n-swe 
Dom-i-nek fl-rq-ga, at,t Fr., 178B 
1853. [Fr. 

Arago, Etienne, 3-ten fl-ro^-go, jovr 

Arbuthnot, flr'but-not, Dr. .Ivlin, j'h 
and au died 1735. [690 B. C. 

Arehilochuc, flr-kil-o-kus, Greek poet 

Archimides, flr-kim-i-dtz, anc. geom 
Sicily, k. 208 B. C. 

Argelander, flr-ge-lqn-der, Fred. Wm. 
Agustus, ast Prus., 1799 

Argus, flr'gus. fab, said to have had a 
hundred eyes. 

Ariosto, Lodovico, Lo-do-v^-ko fl-ri- 
6s-to, poet It., 14741533. 

Arista, fl-res-tq, Don Mariano, Prea. 
Mex., 1S03 



Aristarchus, Ar-is-t^r-kns, pMl Greece, 
the first to maintain that the earth 
turns upon its centre, and describes a 
circle round the sun, lived about 200 

Aristides, A-ris-tj-dez, JElius, Roman 
sophist and trav, died A. D., 180. 

Aristides the Just, Athenian gen, 480 

Aristippus, Ar-is-tip-us, phil, 392 B.C., 
who asserted pleasure to be the ob- 
ject of life. 

Aristophanes, Ar-is-tof-a-nez, comic 
poet of Athens, 340 B. C. 

Aristottle, Ar-is-tot-1, peripatetic phil, 
Athens, 384 B. C. 

Arias, 3'rius, div 4th cert,, found of a 
sect which denied the Godship of 

Arkwright, flrk'rjt, Sir Richard, in- 
ventor of the spinning machine, 
Eng., 1732 

Arlincourt, flr'lin-k(6r, Victor, Vicomte 
d', poet and au Fr., 1789 

Arminius, flr-uiin-i-us, James, found 
of the doctrine that God creates men 
free moral agents, Holl., 15601619. 

Armstrong, flrm'stroij, John, M. D., ph 
and au Scot.. 17091779. 

Arne, Hrn, Thos. Augustine, mus 
comp Eng., 1710 

Arnold, Benedict, Ben-E-dikt flr'nold, 
fi^and traitor, U. S. army, 1801. 

Arnold, Samuel, mus cornp Eng., 1740 

Arnold, Thomas, D. D., au Eng., 1795 
1842. [1801 

Aschbach, flj'bq/t, Joseph, hist Ger., 

Athanasius, 3-tan-a-Ji-us, St., born of 
heathen parents, became bp of Alex- 
andria, 326. 

Atlas, At'las, lc Mauritania, ast, cotem. 
with Moses, now represented as an. 
old man bearing the world upon his 

Atterbom, fl'ter-bom, Pe. Dan. Ama- 
dens, poet Sweden, 1790 

Attwood, At'wud, Thomas, comp Eng., 

Auber, 9'ber, Dan. Francois Esprit, 
(Es'pre,) comp Fr., 1784 

Aubigne, 9-ben, Theod. Agrippa D', 
hist, sat and poet, 16th cent. 

Audubon, 0'de-bon, John James, Am. 
orni La., 17821851. 

Auerbach, Berthold, Ber-told U'er- 
bqA, wr and poet, Ger. 

Auffenberg, "Si'en-berA, Joseph, Baron 
Von, dram Ger. 

Augereau, O-jer-6, Pierre Francois 
Charles, gen Fr., 17571816. 

Augustenburg, U-gii s-ten-burA, Chris- 
tian August, Duke of Schleswig- 
Holstein, etc., 1798 

Augustine, 9'gus-ten, St., bp and fath- 
er of the church, 430. 

Augustus, 0-giis-tus, Caius Julius Cae- 
sar Octavianus, the first Roman Em- 
peror, A. D., 14. 

Aurora, 9-ro-ra, fab, the goddess of 
the morning. 

Austria, Emperor of, Francis Joseph 
Charles, 1830 [Scot. 

Aytoun, i'toon, William, ed and au 

Azeglio, fldz-eg-li-o, Massimo D', au 
Italy, 1798 


Babbage, Bab-aj, Charles, math and 

phil meek Eng., 1790 
Bach, Johann Sebastian, Y<a-hqn Sa- 

bqs-te-qn BqA, mas and comp music, 

Upper Saxony, 16851750. 
Bachmann, BqA-mqn, Charles Fred., 

eowi and prof phil, Ger., 1785 
Bachmann, Gottlob Louis Ernest, prof 

and au, Ger., 1792 
Bacon, Ba-kon, Francis, Lord Verulam, 

Lord Chancellor, &c., au Eng., 1560 

Bahr, Bqr, John Christian Felix, coun, 

prof and au. Ger., 1798 
Bailey, Ba-li, E. H., sculp Eng., 1788 
Bailey, Philip Jamco, poet Eng. 

Baillie, Ba-Ie, Joanna, poetess Eng., 

Baily, Ba-li, Jean Sylvain, wr and 

hist, Fr., 17361793. 
Baird, Bajd, Rev. Robert, D. D., au 

and cler Pa., 1798 
Bakewell, Bak-wel, Robert, experimen- 
tal farmer and cattle-breeder Eug., 

Balboa, Bql-bdJ-q, Vasco Nunez (N(6- 

net) De, Spanish nav 16th cen. 
Balbo, Bql-bo, Count Cesare, ft and 

au Italy, 1789. [Ger., 1804 

Bajza, B-i-s-zo, Anthony, poet and au 
Balzac, Honore Do, Hon-ur De Bql- 

zqk, nov Fr., 17991850. 



Bancroft, Ban-kroft, George, Am. au 

&nd hint Mass., 1800 
Bangs, Nathan, D. D., dcr and essa 

Conn., 1778 
Banks, Sir Joseph, Bart., "bat and ttav 

Eng., 17431820. 
Banks, N. P., st and Speaker of House 

of Rp., U. S. Cong., 1856, elected af- 
ter 7 weeks of voting, Mass., 1810 
Barante, Guillaumc Prosper Brugiere, 

Gwil-(5m Pr6s-per Bre-^r Bqr-qht, 

Baron, au and st, Fr., 1782. 
Barb;iuld, Bqr-bold, Anne L., poetess 

Eng., 17431825. 
Barbes, Armand, flr'mq.nd Bq>-ba, a 

French revolutionist, 1810 
Barclay, Bqr-kla, Robert, Apologist or 

Quaker, Eng., 16481680. 
Barebone, B4r-bon, Praise-God, zealot 

of Cromwell's parliament, Eng., 1653. 
Barentz, Bqr-e"nts, Win., a Dutch nav 

16th cen. [17571812. 

Barlow, Bq>-lo, Joel, poet au Conn., 
Barnes, Bq>nr., Joshua, cler, prof and 

poet, Eng., 16541712. 
Barnes, Daniel H., Ain. conch and au, 

killed, 1818. [1818. 

Barney, Joshua, com U. S. Navy, 1759 
Baroche, Bqr-oj, Jules, min and adv 

Fr., 1803. [st FT., 1829. 

Barras, Bqr-q'. Faul Francis, Count l)e, 
Barrere De Vieuzac, Bqr-^r Do Ve- 

zqk, Bertrand, pol Fr., 17551841.' 
Barrot, Odillon, Q-del-yon Bqr-6t, adm 

and ex-min Fr., 1790 
Barrow, Bqr-o, Dr. Isaac, math and 

dio Eng., 16301677. 
Barry, Bar-i, John, com U. S. Navy, 

17451803. [1795 

Barry, Sir Charles, R. A., arch Eng., 
Barthelemy, St. Hilaire, San Hil-4r 

Bqr-ta-le-me, pol jour Fr., 1792 
Bartlett, Bqrt-let, Josiah, M. D., gov 

and st N. H., 17291795. 
Bartlett, Josiah, M. D., ph and essa, 

Mass., 17591820. 
Barton, Bojr-ton, Ben.j. Smith, M. D., 

prof nat hist and bot, ed, &c., Pa., 

1766-1815. [17841849. 

Barton, Bernard, "Quaker poet," Eng., 
Biirtratn, Win., bot and orni Pa., 1739 

Batthyanyi, Bot-yony-i, Louis, nob 

and pat tlun., 1809 shot, 1848. 
Bauer, Bi-er, Bruno, bib crit Ger., 

1809 [Eng., 1615 

Baxter, Baks-ter, Richard, div and au 
Bayard, Ba-qrd, Jas. A., Ain. st Pa., 
17671815. [1706. 

Bayle, Bal, Peter, crit au, Fr., 1047 

Bayley, Bd-li, Richard, ph, med au and 

prtf. Conn., 17451801. 
Bavaria, Ba-va-ri-a, Maximilian Jo- 
seph, King of, 1811 
Beattie, Be-ti, James, poet and mor 

Scot., 17351803. 
Beaumont, Ba-mont, Francis dram 

poet Eng., 15841616. [1853. 

Beaumont, Bo-tnon, Gustave De, pol 

and au Fr., 1802 
Beaumont, Jean Baptiste Arraand Lou- 
is LeonceElie De, eng, prof geol, etc., 

Fr., 1798 
Beccaria, Bek-a-ri-a, marquis, wr "On 

Crimes and Punishments," Milan, 

Beck, Lewis C., Am. chem and bot N- 

Y., 17901853. 
Beecher, Lyman, D. D., cler, ref, etc., 

Conn., 1775 
Beecher, Henry Ward, LL. D., son of 

above, dio and ref, Brooklyn, N-Y., 

Beechey, Bgc-i, Fred. Wm. nav capt 

and trav Lng., 1796 
Beddoes, Bed-oz, Thos. Lovell, poet 

Eng., 18031849. 
Beethoven, Ba-tw-fen or Be-t6-ven, 

Ludwig. Van, mus and comp Pru?., 

17791827. [1744. 

Behring, Be-rirj, Vitus, nav Den., 
Bekker, Bi5k-er, Immanuel, philol 

Ger., 1785 [king, 1831. 

Belgians, Leopold, King of the, elected 
Belknap, Bel-nap, Jeremy, D. D., cler 

and wr, Mass., 17441798. [1842. 
Bell, Sir Charles, physiol, Scot., 1774 
Bell, John, st N-H., 17301825. 
Bellini, Vincenzio, mu-s comp Italy, 

18061835. [trav, 1823. 

Belzoni, Bel-dza-ne, Giovanni, Paduan 
Benedektow, Ben-e-de"k-U, Wladimir, 

a Russian lyric poet. 
Bentham, Ben-tarn, Jeremy, a great 

thinker and writer, Eng., 1748 1832. 
Bentinck, Ben-link, Lord Geo., parl 

leafier Eng., 18021848. 
Benton, Thos. Hart, Am. st Mo., 1783. 
Bcrangor, Be/'-qh-^er, Pierre-Jean De, 

song tor and poet, Fr., 1780 1857. 
Berenger, Ber-en-ser, L. P., poet, rhet 

and aw, Fr., 1748 1822. [1798 
Beresford, Bdr-es-ford, Wm., st Eng., 
Berghaus, Be/'A-hus, Henry, geq Ger., 

1797 [1753. 

Berkeley, B^rk-li, George, bn Jr.. 1684 
Berkeley, Win., guv Va., 1677. 
Bermudez De Castro, Ba,r-mc6d-at Da 

Kqs-tro, Don Salvador, poet Spain. 




BwTiaJotte, Ber-nq-d6t, k Sweden and 

tf(,tif, 17641844. 
Bernard, Ber-nqrd, Sir Francis, gov 

Mass., and pa lit 1779. 
Bernhard, Bern-hqrt, Karl, Danish nov. 
Bernouilli, Ber-noo-s, family name of 

a cluster of celebrated mathemati- 
cians of the 17th and 18th centuries. 
Berthollet, Ber-to-la, Claude Louis, 

chemFr., 1748--1822. 
Berryer, Be/'-i-a, M., pol and adv Fr. 
Berzelius, Berts-a-lr-oos, Jno. Jacob, 

chem, Sweden, 17791848. 
Bethune, Bef)-yqn, Geo. W., Am. au 

and div 1805 
Baza, B-*I, or Theodore De Beze, 

(Haz, Eng. BEZ,) ed, trans and corn- 
men, Fr., '1518 1605. [1800 
Biard, Bi-ar, Francois Aug., pt Fr., 
Biermann, Ber-mqn, Chas. Ed., l-pt 

Gar., 1803 
Bickersteth, Bik-er-stet, Ed., wr rel 

works, Eng., 17861850. 
Biddle, James, Am. com 17831848. 
Biddle, Nicholas, capt Am. Navy, 1750 

1778. killed. 
Biddle, Nicholas, Am. fin and pres U. 

S. Bank. 17861844. [1821. 

Bigelow, Big-e-lo, Timothy, st Mass., 
Binder, Bin-der, Wilhelni Chris., hist 

Ger., 1810. [Eng. 

Binney, Bin-i, Thos., noncon preacher 
Bird, William, mns Eng., 15401623. 
Bird, Dr. Robt. Mont., nov Pa., 1803 
Bishop, Sir Henry Kent, mus comp 

Eng., 17861855. 

Bixio, Biks-e-o, M., ph and nat, Fr. 
Black, Joseph, chem Scot., 1728 1790. 
Blackstone, Sir Wm., / and commen, 

Eng., 1722-1780. 
Blair, Blf|r, Francis P., pol ed and st, 

Md., 1791 
Blair, Bla,r, Dr. Hugh, Scottish div 

and au of " Lectures on Rhetoric," 

1718-1800. [1659. 

Blake, Admiral, adm navy, Eng., 1599 
Blakeley, Johnston, capt Am. Navy, 

perished at sea. [1801 

Blanc, Louis, Ldo-i Blqn, pol theo Fr., 
Blessington, Marg. P., Countess of, wr 

Eng., 17891849. 
Blomfield, Blom-feld, Chas. James lip 

London, 1786 [wr, 1809 

Blommaert, B16-mert, Philip, Flemish 
Bloomfield, Blcbm-fsld, Robert, pott 

Eng., 17661823. 
Blucher, Bltn-Aer, Gebhart Lebrecht 

Von, rff Prus. Army, 17421819. 
Blumenbach, Blifn-en-bq7t, Jean Fred., 

anat, ph and nat Ger., 1752 184,0. 

Boas, B6-qs, Ed., poet and au, Ger., 

Boccaccio, Bo-k^-qo, Giovanni, It. poet 

and au, 13131375. 
Bodenstedt, Bd>-den-stet, Fred. Martin, 

wr Ger., 1819 
Bochmen, Bo-men, Jacob, rel icr and 

teach, Ger., 15751624. 
Boehtlingk, Bot-ligk, Otto, philol 

Rus., 1815 [1785 

Boekh , BoA, Augustus, antig Ger., 
Boettcher, Bet-Ae% Adolf, poet and 

trans Ger., 1815 
Boettiger, B6-ti-ger, Karl "Wilbelm, 

prof lit and hist, and au, Ger., 1790 
Boileau-Despreaux, Bwo-hb-De-spro, 

Nicolas, sat Fr., 16361711.' 
Boissonade, Bwos-on-qd, Jean Frangois, 

Gr. schol and das ed, Fr., 1774 
Boker, Geo. H., Am. poet and dram 

Pa., 1824 
Bolingbroke, Bo-liij-brok, Henry St. 

John, Lord, or, st and phil essa Eng.. 

Bolivar, Bo-ls-vq>, Simon, liberator of 

S. Am., 17831830. 
Bonaparte, Ba-na-pqrt, Napoleon, emp 

Fr., 17691821. 
Bonaparte, Joseph, eld br Napoleon, jfe 

Sic. and Sp., 17681844. [1846. 
Bonaparte, Louis, ?>/ do., k Hoi., 1778 
Bonaparte, Lucien, Ir do., pr Canino, 

Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon, son of 

Louis Bonaparte, emp, Fr., 1808 
Bonaparte, Chas. Lucian, pr Canino, 

and dist nat, 1803 
Bond, William C., ant, Mass., 1790 
Bon i face I., to IX., Popes fr. 422 to 1404. 
Bonpland, Aime, 3-ina Bum-plqn, Fr., 

nat, 1799 ' ' [1820. 

Boone, Daniel, Am. pio hunter, 1730 
Bopp, Bop, Francis, philol and orischol 

Ger., 1791 [17281804. 

Bordley, Berd-li, Jno. Beale, ag au Md., 
Bornhauser, Bern -htf-zer, Thomas, 

Swiss poet, pol wr, etc., 1799 
Borrow, Geo., au Eng., 1805 
Boscovich, Bos-koviq, Roger Jos., 

learned Jesuitical wr, It., 1711 1787. 
Bossuet, Bo-se or Bo-sq,-a, Jas. Be- 

nigne, Fr. div and au 1627 1704. 
Boswell, Boz-wel, Jas. biog Dr. John- 
son, 1740 1795. 
Botta, Bot, Paul 'Emile, a'mEl, Fr. 

archce and trav. 
Boudinot, Brf>-din-ot, Elias, LL.D., 

law and edu ben N-J., 1740 d. 
Bougainville, BiD-gan-vel, L. A. De, 

com Fr. Navy, 17291611. 



Bourdon, Btf>r-d6n, Leonard J. J., pa- 
tron, na edu, Fr., d. about 1810. 
Boussingault, Bo>-sqn-g61, M., chem 

and aw, Fr. 
Bowditch, Btb-dic, Nathaniel, LL.D., 

math and ast, Mass., 1773 1838. 
Bowdoin, B6-den, [Fr. Bo-dwoh,] Jas. 

LL.D., got Ma?s., ben Harvard Uni- 
versity, etc., 17451790. 
Bowen, B<5-en, Wm. C., D.D., chem, 

R. I., 17761815. [au, Mass. 

Bowen, Francis, ed N. Am. Itev. and 
Bowring, B-s-rirj. John, LL.D., philol, 

poet, pol wr, etc., Eng., 1792 
Boylston, Btfl-ston, Zabdiel, M.D., F.- 

R.S., Am. ph Boston, 17801760. 
Braddock, Ed., maj gen Br. Army, k. 

1775. [1795. 

Bradford, Wm., ait-gen U. S., 1775 
Bradstreet, Anne, au first Am. vol po- 
ems, 1612 
Brahe, Tycho, Te-ko, Bro,-e, ast Den., 

Brainard, Bra-nard, John G. C., Am. 

poet, Conn., 1797 d. 
Bramante, Bra-mo^n-ta, Donato, It. 

arch, 14441514. 
Brande, Brand, Wm. Thos., chem and 

wr Eng., 1780. 
Brandis, Brqn-dis, Chris. Augustus, 

prof phil Prus., 1790 
Brant, Joseph, eel Indian chief. 
Brazil, Pedro, Einp. of, 1825, c. 1840. 
Braun, Brxn, August Emit, wr and 

archaR, Ger., 1809 
Breckinridge, J. C., st and V-Pres. U. 

S. to James Buchanan, Ky., 18 

Breithaupt, Brjit-hipt, Job. Aug. 

Fried., mineralogist, Ger., 1791 
Breton De Los Herreros, Bra-ton Da 

Los &r-a,r-QS, Don Manuel, dram 

and poet, Sp., 1796. 
Brewster, Brdbs-ter, Sir David, exp, 

phil and au, Scot., 1781 
Brindley, James, civ eng, Eng., 1716 

Brissot, Bri-s<5, Jean Pierre, or and 

pol wr, Fr., 1793. 
Brodie, Bnf>-di, Sir Benj. Collins, tur 

and svrg wr Eng., 1783 
Brongniart, BrdJn-yqr, Adolphe Theo., 

Fr. not, 1801 
Bronn, Bron or Brun, Ilcinrich Geo., 

Ger. nat, 1803 
Brooke, Sir Jaiiios, rajah of Sarawak, 

and philan, 1803 
Brooks, John, LL.D,, gov Mass., and 

lievt-co? U. S. Army, 17521825. 
Brooks, Maria, Am. poet Mass.. 1795 


Brooks, Hon. Preston S., who brutally 

caned Charles Sumner, in the U. S. 

Senate Chamber, in 1856.; South 

Carolina, 18101857. 
Brooks, Shirley, dram wr and jour 

Eng., 1816 
Brougham, Bro-ara, Henry, Lord, phil, 

st, law-refsind critic, Eng. 
Brown, Chus. Brockden, Am. nov, Pa., 

1771-1810. [17751828. 

Brown, Jacob, maj-gen TJ. S. Army, 
Brown, Thomas, met and au, Scot, 

177S 1820. [1814 

Brown, Henry Kirke, Am. icvlp Mass., 
Browne, Sir Thomas, au and ph Eng., 


Browning, Robt., poet Eng., 1812 
Bruce, James, F.R.S., exp of Africa, 

Scot., 17301794. [1767. 

Bruce, Michael, Scotch poet, 1746 
Bruce, Brcos, Robert, Scotch gen, elect- 
ed king in 1306, died, 1329. 
Brullow, Bri/j-lia, Karl, hitt pt Rus., 

Brunei, Bre-na or Bnfi-nel, Marc I., 

civ eng, Normandy. 
Brunelle-schi, Brctt-nel-es-ke, Filippo, 

It. arch, 1377 1448. 
Bruno, Giordano, Jor-d^-no Br<6-no, 

It. rel wr, an atheist, burnt at the 

stake, 1600. 
Brunswick- Wolf enbuttel, Brtinz-wik- 

W61f-en-b>-tl, A. W. M. Frederick, 

Duke of, 1806 
Brutus, BnJb-tas. Marcu, Rom. gen and 

pol, who assassinated Julius Caesar. 

He slew himself, 42 B. C. 
Bruyare, Bre-y4% Jean, De La, Fr. au 

Normandy, 16441696. 
Bryant, Brj-ant. Wm. Cullen, Am. poet 

a,ndjnur, N-Y., 1794 
Buba, BJ>-bq, Adolf, Ger. poet, 1802 
Buch, Bo>^, Leopold Von, geol Prus., 

Buchanan, Bn,-kan-an, Geo., Latin poet 

and hist, Scot., 15061581. 
Buchanan, James, Am. land f'fteenth 

Pres. U. S., from 1857 to 1861, Pa., 

1791 J. C. Breckenridge, V-Pres. 
Buchanan, Dr. J. R., prof Physiology, 

Phrenology, etc., au, and ed "Jour- 
nal of Man," Ohio, 181 
Buchez, Be-Ja, Philip Benj. Jos., Fr. 

ph and jour, 1796 
Buckingham, Jas. S., tran, wr, pol, 

Eng., 17861855. 

Buckingham, Jo*. T.,jour, Mass. ,1779 
Buckland, Dr. Wm., tjeol Eng. 
Bu<>l, Bi'i,- p l. Jcssu, Am. ag, Conn., 




Buff on, Be-fon, Geo. L. Le Clerc, 

Cornte D'e, nafYr., 17071788. 
Bulgarin, Ba>l-gqr-n, Thaddeus, wr 

Rus., 17S'J 
Bull, Bool or Bui, Ole B., viol, Norway, 

Billow, Be-lov, Karl Edward Yon, Ger. 

noe, 1803 
Bulwer, Bul-wer, Sir Edward Lytton. 

nnv and poet ling. 
Bulwer, Sir Henry Earle Lytton, K.- 

C. B., dip and an Eng., 1804 
Bunsen, Boon-sen, Christ. Chas. Josias, 

Chevalier de, Prus. enib and au, 


Bunyan. John, au " Pilgrim's Prog- 
ress," Eng., 16281688. 
B'.irckhardt, Bii/-A-hqrt, J. Ludwig, 

trav Swit.. 17831817. 
Burgkmair, Biarg/4-in;'i,r, Hans, pi and 

/en :il-eng Ger., 1472 1559. 
Burgos, Bii)/--gcis, Don Javier De, st 

and au Sp., 1778 
Burgoyne, Bar-g<rn, lieu-gen Br. Army, 
Burke, Burk, Edmund, or, st and phil 

Ireland, 17301797. 
Burleigh, Biir-le, Win. Cecil, Lord, st 

Eng., 15201598. 

Burleigh, Chas. C., wr and ref Pa. 
Burmeister. Bur-mjs-ter, Hermann, 

Ger. nat 1807 
Burnap, Bur-nap, Rev. Geo. W., D.D., 

then and gen au N-H., 1802 
Burnet, Jacob, j, leg and au Ohio, 

Burney, Charles, mus comp and au 

Eng., 17261815. 

Burns, Robert, poet Scot., 17591796. 
Burr, Aaron, st and V-Pres. U. S. to 

Thomas Jefferson, 17561836. 
Burritt, Biir-it, Klihu, lee, jour and 

lin Conn., 1811 
Bury, Be-rg, Henri B., Baron de, au 

and ci'it Fr., 1818 
Bush, Rev. Geo., theo and commen Vt., 

Buss, Boos, Franz Joseph, polit econ 

and au Gor., 1803 
Butler, lliuhard, maj-gen U. S. Army, 

k. 1791. 
Butler, Samuel, poet sat Eng., 1612 

Byron, Geo. Gordon, Lord, poet Eng.,' 

Bystrom, Be-strora, Johann. Ifikolaus, 

Swed. sculp, 1783 


Cabanis, Ka-bq-ne, Pierre Jean G., ph 

and phil Fr., 17571808. 
Cabet, Ka-ba, Etienne, Fr. communist, 

formed communes in Texas and 111., 

17881856. [15th cen. 

Cabot, Kq-bot, John, Venetian nav, 
Cabot, Sebastian, son of Jno. C., nav, 

and discoverer of the variations of 

thejnagnRtic needle, 1477 1557. 
Cadmus, Kad-mus, k of Thebes, intro- 
duced 16 letters into Greece, B. C. 
Cadw.illader, Kod-wol-a-der, John, 

firig-ijen Am. army, 1786. 
Caosalpinus, Ka-zql-pin-us or Sa-sql- 

pin-us, Andre, hot Tus., 15191603. 
Ca;-:u ( Cuius Julius, Ka-yus Ji^-li-us 

Se-zur, Roman gen and hist, b. 98 

Cailliaud, Kal-ytid, Frederic, Fr. trav 


Calamo, Ka-lqm, Alex., Swiss l-pt. 
Citideron De La Barca, Kql-da.r-can Da 

Lq, Bqr-kq, Pedro, poet dram Sp., 

1600 1681. 
Calderon, Don Serafin E., poet and 

orientalist Sp., 180Q 


Calhoun, Kal-hd&n, John C., V-Pres. 

U. S. to J. Q. Adams and Andrew 

Jackson, st, etc., South Carolina, 

Caligula, Kal-ig-yq,-la, Roman emp and 

tyrant, began his reign A. D. 37; 

assas. A. D. 41, aged 29 years. 
Callcott, Kel-kot, John Wall, m-us 

comp Eng., 17661821. 
Callimachus, Kal-i-ma-kus, Greek poet. 
Calmet, Augustin, 9-gus-ten Kql-uia, 

Fr. au, 16721757. 
Calvin, John, rel ref Fr., 15091564. 
Camoens, Kq-mo-anz, Luis De, poet 

Portugal, 1527-1579. 
Campanella, Kqm-pan-el-yq, Thomas, 

mtta Sp., 16th cen. 
Campbell, Kara - bel, Thomas, poet 

Scot., 17771844. 
Campbell, Lord John, j and au 

Scot., 1781 
Camper, l\qn-pe, Pierre, aiiat and nat 

Fr., 17221789. 
Candolle, Kan-doly, Aug.Pyramus De, 

bot Fr., 17781841. 
Canina, Kq-ne-nq, Luigi, antiq^ Italy. 



Canning, Kan-irj, Geo., st Eng., 1770 

Cano, Kq-no, Alonso, pt, snip and arch 

tip., 16011667. ' [17571822. 
Canuva, Kq-n<l>-vq, Antonio, sculp It., 
Cantu, Kqn-u, Cesare, sclu/l and au 

Italy, 105 
Capei'igue, Kq-pe-feg, Baptiste H. 

Raymond, hint Fr., 1799 
Caracci, Ka-rq-c,c, name of a celebrat- 
ed family of painters in It., Itith ecu. 
Caravaggio, Kq-rq-vq 1 -jo, Michelangelo 

~M.,pt Italy, 15691609. 
Cardan, Kqr-dan, Jerome, ph, astrol 

and au Fr., 15011576. 
Carey, Ka-ri, William, div, oriental 

philol aud trans Eug., 17611834. 
Carey, Henry C., Am. pdlit econ and 

au N-Y., 1793 [1798 . 

Carleton, K^rl-ton, Wm., Irish nr/v. 
Carlisle, Kqr-ljl, Geo. Wm. F. H., 

Earl of, at and lee Eng., 1802 
Carlyle, Kqr-ljl, Thomas, Brit, an and 

reviewer, 1796 
Carmichael, Kqr-mj-kl, William, dip 

and Charge d'Aii'aires, U. S., Md., 

Carnicer, Kqr-ne-tv, Don Ramon, 

opera camp Sp., 1789 
Carnot, Kqr-n6, Lazare Nic. M., mil 

enyia, aud min of war Fr., 1753 

1823. [1814 . 

Carrera, Kq-rd-rq, Rafael, pres Guat., 
Carrull, Kar-ol, Charles, signer Dec. of 

Jnd., Md., 17371832. 
Cartier, Kqr-te-a, Jacques, Fr. ac 

and trav 16th cen. 
Carver, John, first gov "Plymouth 

Colony," 1621. 
Carvallo, Kqr-vql-yo, min of Chili in 

the U. S., 1808 

Casas, Kqs-qsi, Barthol. Las, a misguid- 
ed philan, originator of African 

slavery, 1566. 
Casati, Kqs-4-te, Gobrio, Count, st 

Lombardy, 1798 
Caapari, Kqs-p^-rs, Karl Paul, lib crit 

Ger., 1814 

Cass, Lewis, st Mich., 1782 
Cassini, Ka-sin-e, family name of sev- 
eral attrs Fr., 17th cen. 
Cassius, Caius, Kd-yus KaJ-i-us, br- 

in-law Brutus, and one of Ca-'.-ar's 

murderers, 42 B. C. 
Castfclli. Kqs-t^l-e, Ignaz Friedr, hum 

poet Ger., 1781 
Castiglione, Kq.s-tel-yo-na, Carlo Ot- 

tavio, Count, It. philol 1795 
Castillio, Kqs-ttl-yu, Autonio F., Port. 

poet, 1800 

Castlereagh, Kas-l-ra, Robt. Stew., 

Brit, i-t, 1769-1822. 
Castor, Kds-tor,/u6 son of Jupiter and 

Castren, K^s-tren, M. Alex., lin and 

ethna Finland, 1813 
Catesby, Murk, F.H.S., not Eng., 1679 

Catharine De Medici, De Me de-si, 

a French piiitcess, 15191589. 
Catharine Alexievna, emprens Russia, 

from 1725 to 1727. 
Catharine II., empress Russia, from 

Catiliiia, Kat-i-lj-nq, Lucius Sergius, 

Itomau war, 62 B. C. 
Cato, Marcus Portius, censor Rome, b. 

233 B. C. 

Catron, John, j U. S. Sup. Ct., Tenn. 
Catteruiolu, Kat-er-uaol, Oeo., pt Eug., 

Cavaignac, Ka-van-yak, Eugene, Fr. 

gen and republican, 1802 
Cavendish, lion, lieury, chem Eng., 

Caxton, Kaks-ton. Wra., introducer of 

printing, Eng., 1410 1491. 
Cecil, Se-sil, William, Lord Burleigb, 

Eng. tt, 15211598. 
Cecrops, Se-krops, Egyptian fovnd 

Athenian monarchy, 1556 B. C. 
Cellini, ('VI -I'-HE, Beuvenuto, m.t-lfj It., 

Centaurs, Sen-terz,/a& half icen, half 

horse, Thessaly. [culture. 

Ceres, Se-rsz fab the goddess of agri- 
Cervantes Saavedra, lia.r-vqu-tas Sq- 

vad-j'q, Miguel De, au 'D /n Quixote,' 

(Ke-bt>-ta,j Sp., 1547 1010. 
Cesare, (i'u-tq-/a, Giuseppe, Cavalieri 

di, Mat Italy, 1783 
Chalmers, t'am-erz, Thomas, D.D., L- 

L.D., 'pulpit or and die Scotland, 

1780 d. 
Chambers, Gdm-berz, Wm. and Robt., 

pubs and essayists, Scot., 1800 aud 

Chambord, Eam-benl, Henri Chas., 

Duke of Bordeaux, etc., rep of the 

house of Bourbon, 1820 
Chaiuior, Xam-tr, Fred., nov Eng., 

1796 [1756 d. 

Chaiupe, Zomp, John, Am. soldier, 
Changarniur, Xan-gqr-ni-a, Gen., gen 

Fr. Army, 1809 - 
Channing, fe'an-in., William Ellery, 

Unitarian die aud moral phil, K. I., 

1780 d. 
Chantrey, Sir Francis, fculp and ben cf 

art, Eug., 17811841. 



Chapman, John G., artist, Va. 
Chapin, Rev. E. H., LL.I)., pulpit or 

and au, N-Y., 1814 
Charlemagne, Xqr-le-many, k Fr. and 

Ger., 8th cen. 
Charles, name given to numerous its 

of Europe; the most prominent of 

which in history is Charles the XII., 

of Sweden, who ascended the throne 

in 1097, at the age of fifteen, and 

was killed 1718. 

Charon, Ka-ron, fab ferryman of hell. 
Chase, Gas, Samuel, ; U. S. Sup. Ct., 

Md,, 17411811. 

Chase, Salmon P., st and gov Ohio. 
Cbasles, Xas-la, Victor E. P., wr Fr., 

Chateaubriand, Za-to-bri-and, Fran- 

5013 A., Vicomte De, French au, 

Chatham, Gat-ara, William Pitt, Earl 

of, ( Eng., 17081778. 
Chatterton, Gat-er-ton, Thomas, au 

Eng., 17521770. 
Chaucer, Ge-ser, Geoffrey, father of 

English poetry. 13281400. 
Cheever, Rev. Geo. B., div and au, 

Maine, 1807 
Chelard, Sel-d^d, Andre H. J. B., mus 

cornp Fr., 1789 
Cherubini, Xa,f-e-bi-ne, Lugi C. 7,. S., 

mus comp Fr., 1760 1842. 
Chesterfield, Philip D. Stanhope, Earl 

of, ^Eng., 16941773. 
Chevalier, Xev-a-li-a, Michel. Fr. wr, 

1806 [Fr., 1786 . 

Chevreul, Se-vr-el, M. Eugene, chem, 
Choate, Got, Rufus, law Mass., 1799 
Chod/.ko, /Aad^-ko, Jacques L., hiit, 

Poland, 1800 
Chomiakuf, Xom-a-kof, Alexei S.,poet 

and prose wr Rus. 

Chotek, #J>-tek, mus comp Ger., 1800 
Christina, Kris-te-nq, queen, Sweden, 

from 16:53 to 1654, when she resigned. 
Chrysostoin, Kris-ds-tom, John, bp of 

Constantinople in 398, 407. 
Cibber, Colley, comedian, Eng., 1671 

Cibrario, Ge-brq-re-G>, Luigi, hist wr 

Fr., 1802 

Cicero, Sis-er-o, Marcus Tullius, Ro- 
man phil, or and st, 107 44 B. C. 
Cincinnatus, Siu-sin-a-tus, Lucius 

Quintus, Roman dictator, 456376 


Circf, Ser-se, fob hn enchantress. 
Civiale, Siv-i-al, Jean, cur Fr., 1792 
Clair, Arthur St., gen Am. army 1734 


Clairaut, Klq,r-6, Alexis C., math Fr., 

Clarendon, Klar-en-don, Ed. Hyde, 

Earl of, si and hict Eng., 16081674. 
Clark, Wm., Am. st and explo Va., 

Clark, Dr. Adain, bib commen Ireland, 

Clarke, Dr. Samuel, met div Eng, 1675 

Clarkson, Thomas, philan and au Eng., 

Claudius, Kle-di-us, I. and II., Roman 

emns, d. A. D. 54 and 271. 
Clay,' Henry, st and or Ky., 17771852. 
Clay, Cassius M., anti-slavery speaker, 

Ky., 1810 [1773. 

Clayton, John, Am. bot and au, 1686 
Cleanthes, Kls-an-tez, stoic phil Ath- 
ens, f 1. 240 B. C. 

Clement, name of 14 Papal rulers. 
Cleopatra, Kle-o-pa-tra, queen Egypt, 

fl. 40 B. C. 

Clinton, De Witt, gov N-Y., and dis- 
tinguished for his enterprise in pub- 
lic improvements, 1769 1828. 
Clinton, Geo., gov N-Y., V-Pres. U. S. 

to Thos. Jefferson and Jas. Madison, 

Clinton, Henry, mqj-gen Brit, army, 


Cloqaet, Klo-ka, Jules G., Fr. ph, 1790 
Gobbet, William, wr Eng., 17621835. 
Cobden, Richard, M. I'., free trade adv 

Eng., 1800 
Coke, Sir Edward, common, on law, 

and chief justice, Eng., 1552 1634. 
Colbert, Jean B., at Fr., 16191683. 
Coleridge, K<il-rij, Samuel Taylor, />c^ 

and ineta Eng., 17721834. 
Collier, K61-3'er, John Payne, crit and 

compiler, Eng., 1789 
Colton, Calvin, cler and au Mass. 
Collins, Wm., p(*t, Eng., 17201756. 
Columbus, Christopher, dine of tho 

Western continent, an Italian, 1435 

Combe, Kom, Andrew, M. D., med ivr 

and phren Scot., 17971847. 
Combe, Geo., champion, of phil and 

phren Scot., 1788 
Cotnte, Komt, Auguste, founder of 

what is termed fto^itue philosophy, 

Fr., 1797 

Condillac, Kon-drl-yak, Etienne Bon- 
net De, meta Fr., 1715-1780. 
Condorcet, Kon-dar-sa, Marie Jean A., 

math Audpol wr Fr., 1743 1794. 
Confucius, Kon-fu-fi-us. Chinese phil, 

551 B. C. 



Congreve, K6n-greT, Win., poet and 

humorist, ling., 16691729. 
Constant Do Kebcciiue, Kon-stant De 

Re-bak, Benj., Fr. pol, au aud putt, 

Con? tun tin, Abraham, Swiss porcelain 

pt, 1785 
Cons tan tine, Kon-stan-tin, the Great, 

first Christian ernp Romans, 272 

337 ; succeeded by twelve others. 
Cook, Capt. James, Brit, nav, 1728 

1779, killed. [1812. 

Cooke, Geo. Fred., tragic actor, 1756 
Cooper, Jus. Fenimore, AUJ. nvo N-J., 


Cooper, Thos. Sidney, art Eng., 1803 
Copernicus. Ko-per-ni-kus, Nicolas, (or 

Zepernich,) aft Prus., 14731513. 
Corbiere, Kw-bi-a,r, Edward, p(,et and 

nov Fr., 1795 

Corday, Kor-da, Charlotte, French re- 
pub martyr, 17681793, guillotined. 
Corelli, Kor-el-e, Arcangelo,_/i/t//M< Ro- 
man school of music, 16531713. 
Co 1 inlanus, Ko-ri-o-la-nus, C. Marcius, 

Roman capt, banished and killed as 

Cormenin, Kor-m^-nan, M., pol wr Fr.. 

Corneille, Kor-na-e, Pierre, wr Fr., 

Cornelius, Kor-na-le-us, Peter Von, art 

Ger., 1787 
Cornwallis, Chas., Lord, Brit, yen in 

American Revolution, 17381805. 
Correggio, Ko/--a-jo, pt It., 14931534. 
Cortez, Kw-tat, liernando, Spanish 

cony of Mexico, 1485 1547. 
Corwin, Thomas, Am. tt Ohio. 
Corvin - Wiersbitzky, Ker-fen - Yrrz- 

bits-ki, Otto J. B. Von, hut wr Ger., 


Cotta, K6t-q, Bernhard, geol Ger., 1808 
Cousin, Ktt)-san, Victor, meta iihil Fr., 

Couthon, Koo-ton, Georges, French jac- 

iJiin, 1756 guillotined. [1800. 
Cowper, K's-per, \Vui., poet Eng., 1731 
Cox, David, pt Eng., 1783 
Cnibbe, Krab, Geo., poet Eng., 1754 

Crantner, Thomas, Eng. arclibp, martyr 

to protestantism. 1489 1555. 
Craw lord, Win. Harris, Am. tt and j 

Va.. 1772-1834. 
Crawford, Thomas, Am. sculp N-Y., 

Cremieux, Krn-me-e, M., French leg 

and min of justice. 

Crittenden, Krit-cn-den, John J., Am. 

st Ky., b. about 1792 
Croesus, Kre-sus, ruler Lydia, 548 B. C. 
Croker, John Wilson, pol and ait Eng., 

1780 [Ireland. 

Croly, Rev. Dr. Geo., poet, au and flrr 
Cromwell, Oliver, Lord Protector, Great 

Britain, 1599 1659. 
Cruden, Krifc-den, Alexander, au Con- 
cordance Scripture, 1701 1770. 
Cruikshank, Kruk-Jauk, Geo., ait and 

cari Eng., 1794 
Cruveilhier, Kre-val-i-a, Jean, mtd 

prof and au Fr., 1791 
Csuplovics, fc'op-loj-vic,, Johann, au 

Hungary, 178H 
Csaszar, t-Jo-?qr, Franz, prose wr and 

poet Hungary, 1807 
Cubitt, Sir Wm., engin Eng., 1785 
Cudworth, Kud-wari, Ralph, phil 

Eng., 16171688. [1790. 

Cullen, Wm., M. D., ph. Scot., 1712 
Culpeper, Kul-pcp-er, Thomas, Lord, 

gov Va., 1719. 
Cupid, K\\-pid, fab son of Mars and 

Venus: the god of love, smiles, &c. 
Curran, Kur-an, John Philpot, bar, or 

and patriot, Ireland, 1750 1817. 
Curtis, George W., Am. au and lect 

Curtius, Ktf>r-ti-us, Ernst, arcTux Ger.. 


Curtius, George, philol Ger., 1820 
Cu.=a, Ke-s<i, Nicholas De, astr, 1401 

1464. ' 
Custine, Kes-ten, Aristolphe, Marquis 

de, French nor, pott and trav, 1793 
Cuvier, Ke-vi-a, Georges Leopold Ch. 

Fred., nut Fr., 1769-1832. (The 

most distinguished naturalist the 

world ever produced.) 
Cybulski, Tsib-ul-ski, Adelbert, Sclu- 

vic an, 1812 

Cyclops, Sj-klops, fab Vulcan's work- 
men, with only one eye, in the mid- 
dle of their forehead. 
Cynthia, Sin-ti-a, poetically applied 

to the moon. 
Cypria, Sip-ri-a, Cytherea, Sid-E-re-d, 

fal titles of Venus. 
Cyrus, Sj-rus, ft mnd ancient Persian 

empire, 530 B. C. 
Czartoryiski, t'qr-tor-i-es-ke, Adam, 

I'rincc. Polish ni,l and pat I'iot, 1770 
Czerny,T.-o/--i)i, Karl, coif>(ier., 1791 
Czetz, Tsets, Johauu, Hungarian au, 

Czuczor, Tsa>-tur, Geo., Hungarian 

proee wr, poet and lin, 1800 



Daguerre, Da-g;V*, L. J. M., pt and in- 
ventor of Daguerreotyping, Fr., 1789 

1851. [1788 . 

Dahl, Dql, Jobann C. C., l-pt Nor., 
Dahl, Dql, Waladimir I., au Rus. 
Dahlborn, Dql-biarn, Anders G., ento 

Swed., 1806 
Dahlmann, Dql-mqn, Fred. Christoph, 

prof hist and pol science, at Bonn, 

Ger., 1785 
D'Alembert, Dal-am-ber, Jean Le 

Rond, math and ast Fr. 17171783. 
Dallas, Dal-ns, George M., Am. at and 

min, Pa., 1792 
Dalton, Dai-ton, John D. C. L., chem, 

and math Eng., 17671844. 
Damon, Da-raon, Pythagorean phil 

and friend of Pythias. 
Dampier, Dam-per, Win. nan and nat 

Eng., 1652 d. 
Dana, Da-na, Francis LL. D., Am. st 

Mass., 17421811. 
Dana, Richard H., son of F. D., poet 

and nf'V Mass., 1787 
Dana, Richard H. jr., son of R. H. D., 

law and au Mass. [Fr., 1800 . 

Dantan, Dan-tail, Jean-Pierce, sculp 
Dante. Dan-ta, Alighieri, It. poet, 1265 

Danton, Dan-ton, Georges Jacques, st 

and demagogue, Fr., 1759 1794. 
D'Antonelle, Dan-ton-el, Pierre A., 

Marquis, Fr. pat, 1747 ex. 1819. 
Darius, Da-ri-us, three kg of Persia, 

404 B. C. 
Darley. Dqr-li, Felix 0. C., art of N- 

Y. City, born in Phila. 1822 
Darwin, Dqr-win, Erasmus, poet and 

bot Eng., 17311802. 
Daubenton, Do-ban-ton, Louis J. M. 

anat and nat Fr., 17161799. 
D'Aubigne, Do-ben, J. II. Merle, pres., 

the school, Geneva, and au History 

of the Reformation. 
Daumer, D-s-tner, Geo. Fred, phil wr 

Ger., 1800 
Daumier. D6-mi-a, Henri, Fr. cara,*a- 

turixt, 1810. [17481825. 

David, Da-ved. Jacques Louis, pt Fr., 
David, Pierre Jean, sculp Fr., 1793 
David, Felicien, mus cnmp Fr., 1810 
David, Ferdinand, vial Gur., 1810 
Davis, Da-vis, Andrew Jackson, seer 

and clair N-Y.. 1826 
Davy, Da-vi, Sir Humphry, Bart., 

cticm phil Eng., 17781829. 

Dawson, De-son, Geo., lee Eng., 1821 
Deane, Den, Silas, U. S. min to Fr., 

Dearborn, Dgr-born, Henry, major gen 

U. S. army, N-H., 17511829. 
Decamps, Da-kamp, Alex. G., a Fr. 

genre and l-pt 1803 
Decatur, De-ka-ttir, Stephen, com U. 

S. Navy, Md., 17591820. 
De Foe, Do Fca, Daniel, au "Robinson 

Crusoe," 'etc., Eng., 16611731. 
Deger, Da-^e/ 1 , Ernst, pt Ger., 1809. 
Dehn, Dan, Siegfried W., Ger. wr on 

the theory of mug, 1799. 
Delaine, De-Ian, John, jour and ed 

" London Time-*." 
Delambre, De-laia-br, M., astr Fr., 

17491822.' [1797 . 

Delaroche, De-lar-Qj, Paul, pt Fr., 
Demetrius, Dg-me-tri-us, phil Athens, 

284 B. C. [Thrace, 460 B. C. 

Democritus, De-mok-ri-tus, phil of 
Demoivre, De-mwo-vr, Eng. math and 

au 16671754. (ens, 370 B. C. 

Demosthenes, De-mos-ten-ez, or Ath- 
Denuaan, Den-man, Lord Thomas, Eng. 

j and legis, 1779 1854. 
Denmark, Den-rnqrk, Charles Christian 

Frederick, King of, 1808 
Derby, Der-bi, Edward Geof. S. Stan- 
ley, st Eng., 1799 
Descartes, Da-kqrt, Rene, met phil 

Fr., 15961650. 
Desrnoulins. Da moo-Ian, Benedict Ca- 

inille, Fr. repub or nnd martyr, 1762 

1794. [City. 1794 . 

Dewey, Di\-i, Orville, D/D., div Wash. 
De Quincey, De Kwin-si, Thomas, phil 

wr of Eng. 
De La Beche, De La Beq, Sir Henry 

Thomas, geol Eng., 1796 
Diagoras, Di-ag-o-ras, surnamed the 

Atheist,// 412 B. C. 
Dick, Dik, Thomas, LL. D., wr on 

pop science, Scot., 1772 1857. 
Dickens, Dik-enz, Chas., Eng. au, 1812 
Dickinson, Dik-in-son, Daniel S., pol 

of N-Y., 1800 
Diderot, Did-er-o, Dionysius. Fr. poet 

and wr on physics, 17131784. 
Didot, De-do, Firman, inv of Stereo- 
typing, Fr., 17641836. 
Didymus, Did-i-inus, of Alexandria, 

wr 4th century. 
Diez, Dels, Friedr. Christian, foun of 

romance, philol Ger., 1794. 



Dilke, Dilk, Charles Went., once ed 

and now prnpri of the London "Ath- 

eniBum," 1789 
Dilworth, Dil-wurt, Thoma?, teacher 

and compiler of school-books, Bug., 

Dingelstedt, Din-el-stedt, Franz, poet 

of Ger., 1814 

Dioclesian, Dj-a-kle-Ji-an, Caius Val- 
erius, Roman emp who persecuted 

Christians, 233314. 
Diodorus Siculus, Di-o-dJi-rus Sik-yq,- 

lus, hist Sicily, fl in the times of 

Caesar and Augustus. 
Diogenes, Dj-oj-en-ez, phil Babylon, 

200 B. C. 
Diogenes, the Cynic, an austere phil, 

who for a time lodged in a tub, b. 413 

Dionysius, Dj-o-niJ-i-us, I., tyrant of 

Sicily, died 366 B. C. 
Dionysias, Halicarnassensis, liist and 

critic of antiquity. [17661848. 
D'Israeli, Diz-ra-el-j, Isaac, au Eng., 
D'Israeli, (sometimes written Disraeli,) 

Benj., au and chancellor of exche- 
quer, Eng., 1805 
Doddridge, Dod-rij, Philip, D. D., die 

Eng., 1702-1751. 
Donizetti, Don-idz-et-e, Gaetano, mus 

comp It., 17981848. 
Dorn, Down, Heinrich Lud. E., mus 

comp Ger., 1804 
Doughty, Dot-i, Thomas, Am. l-pt 

Pa., 1793- 
Douglas, Dug-las, Frederick, ed and or, 

who was a slave until 21 years old, 

N-Y. [1813 

Douglas, Stephen Arnold, pol 111., 
Dow, DT?, Gerard, Dutch geure ft, 1613 

1680. [er, 1834. 

Dow, Lorenzo, an eccentric Am. preach - 
Dozy, D6ts-i, Roinhart, orientalist 

Ger., 1820 . [15461596. 

Drake, Drak, Sir Francis, Eng. nav, 

Drake, Friedrich, tculp Ger., 1805 
Draper, Drap-er, John Wm., ph and 

chem N-Y., 1811 
Draysen, Dra-sen, Job. Gustav, Ger. 

hint, 1808 [1700. 

Dryden, Drj-den, John, poet Eng., 1631 
Dubner. Diib-ner, Frederick, phil aud 

critic Ger., 1802 [1805 . 

Duchatel, Def-a-tel, M., min Fr., 
Ducpetiaux, Dek-pa-to, Edouard, Bel- 
gian phihin, and wr 1804 
Duller, Uul-er, Edouard, poet, nov and 

hist Ger., 1809 
Dumas. De-mq, Jean Baptistc, chem 

Fr., 1800 [1803 . 

Dumas, Alexander, dram and uov Fr., 
Dumont D'Urville, De-inon Der-vel, 

Jules S. C., Fr. nav 17911842. 
Duncker, Ddbn-ker, Max. Wolfgang, 

Ger. hist 1812 
Dunglison, Dtitj-gli-son. R., M. D., LL. 

D., prof mat med, au, etc., Pa., born 

Eng., 1798 
Dunlap, Dun-lap, Wm., Am. art and 

wr N-J., 17601839. 
Duntzer, Ddbnts-er. Job. Heinr. Joseph, 

Ger. philal and hint 1813 
Dupin, De-pan, Andre M. J. J., st Fr., 

a champion of the middle classes. 
Dupont Do L'Eure, De-pon De Ler, 

st Fr., 1770 

Dupont, Pierre, poet Fr., 1826 
Dupuytren, De-pe-i-tran, Wm., Baron, 

sur Fr., 17771835. 
Duran, DiD-^qn, Augustin, Sp. critic, 

Durand, Doo-r^nd, Asher Brown, art 

and pres of the National Academy 

of design, N-J., 1796 
Durer, DtD-rar, Albrecht, Ger. pt 1471 

Dwight, Dw|t, Timothy, S. T. D., LL. 

D., poet, au and preg Yale College. 

17521818. [1797 

Dyce, Djs, Alex., Eng. au and ed 


Enstlakc, Fst'lnk, Sir Charles Lock,^< 
Eng., 1800 

Eckorsberg, Ek'erz-berg, Christoph 
Wilhelm, hi*t pt Den., 1783 

Edgewortb, Ej'wurt, Richard Lovell, 
phil and inventor of the old tele- 
graph, 17441817. 

Edgoworth, Maria, daughter of above, 
au Eng., 17671849. 

Edmonds, Ed'tnondz, Francis W., bank- 
er and art N-Y., 1806 

Edmondson, Ed'mond-son, Joseph, her- 
aldic tvr Eng., 1786. 

Edward, Ed'ward, name of numerous 
Saxon kings. \div au 1758. 

Edwards, Ed'wardz, Jonathan, Am. 

Edwards, Jonathan, D. D., son of the 
above, scholar, theo and wr 1801. 



Egerton, Ej'er-ton, Francis, earl of 
Ellesmere, au and patron of the arts, 
Eng., 1800 [1781 

Eichhorn, ik'hern, Karl Fried., st Ger., 
Elizabeth, 8-liz-a-bet, queen of Eng., 

1533 1603. Also the name of other 

European queens. 
Ellenborough, El'en-bur-o, Ewd. Law, 

Lord, Eng. law and j, 17481818. 
Ellerv, El'er i, Win., signer Dec. of 

Ind., memoi Cung. R. I., 17271820. 
Elliot. Ei'i-ot, Charles L., Am. por-pt 

X-Y., 1822 

Ellis, El'is, John, nat Eng., 1710 1776. 
Ellis, Alex. John, one of the inventors 

of the phonstie alphabet, and a 

philol, Eng., 18 
Ellsworth, ElzVurt, Oliver, LL. D., 

chief justice Sup. Ct. U. S., Conn., 

Emorson, Em'er-son. Ralph Waldo, 

Am. meta, and au Mass., 1803 
Emmet, Em'et. Robert, repub and 

martyr, Jr., 1780 ex. 1803. 
Emmjt, Thomas Addis, law and or Ir., 

latterly of X-Y., 17641827. 
Encke, Enk'a, Johann Franz, a*tr di- 
rector of the Royal Observatory, and 

Secretary of the Academy of Scien- 
ces, Berlin, Prus., 1791 
Engelbrecht, En'el-b> - ekt, John, Ger. 

visionary 1549 1642. 
Epictetus, Ep-ik-tg-tus. phil and au 

of great humility, born 68 A. D. 
Epicurus, Ep-i-ki\-rus, phil who taught 

that the happiness of man consists 

in pleasure, born 340 B. C. 
Epimenides, Ep-i-men-i-dez, anc poet 

and phil, Greece, B. C. 
Erasmus. 8-raz-mus, Desiderius, schjl 

and au Hoi., 14571536. 
Erebus, Er'e-bus./aft an infernal deity, 

son of Chaos and Nox; river of hell. 
Ericsson, Er'ik-son, John, Swed. mech- 
anician, inventor (in U. S.) of a 

"coloric engine," 1803 

Erostratus, S-ros-tra-tns, fab, he who, 
to perpetuate his name, set fire to 
the celebrated temple of Diana at 

Erskine, Ers'kin, Thomas, Baron, law 
and or Scot., 17481823. 

Eschenmayer, Ej'en-mjr. C. A., prof, 
phil, and au, Ger., 1822. 

Espiirtero, {Is-pqr-ta-ro, General, ex- 
regent of Sp. 

Etty, Et'i, Win. R. A., pt of Eng., 

Euler, Y4-ler, Leonard, analist, posthu- 
mous won math, and physical scien- 
ces, Fr., 17071783. 

Euclid, Yty-klid, math and ast, when 
born, and in what country, we have 
no account: but he fl about 277 B. C. 

Eunomius, Yi^-nca-mi-as, foun of a 
Christian sect, died 394. 

Euripides, Yn-rip-i-dez, Gr. poet 240 
B. C. [Orpheus. 

Eurydice, Yq,-rid-i-se, fab, the wife of 

Eusebius, Yr\,-s8-bi-us, Pamphilus, 
ecc hist, Palestine, bishop of Caesarea, 
died in 338. 

Eustachius, U-cD-sta-ke-us. or Yq,-sta- 
ke-us, Bartholomew, It. anat, 1570. 

Eutropius, Yq,-tr6-pi-us, Flavius, It. 
sophist and hist, f I 364. 

Evadne, S-vad-ne, daughter of Mars 
and Thebe, who threw herself on the 
funeral pile of her husband Cataneus, 
from affection. 

Evelyn, Ev'e-lin, John, nat and wr on 
archi. and numismatics, Eng., 1620 

Everett, Ev'er-et, Edward, Am. or, 
gchnl and dip, Mass., 1794 

Ewbank, Yi^-bank, Thomas, wr on 
prac. mechanics, and U. 8. "coin, of 
patents, N-Y., 1792 

Exmouth, Eks'mufi, Edward, Pellew, 
Lord, com Br. navy, 1757 1832. 

Eyck, *k, Huber and John Van, pis 
of Bruges, 14th cen. 


Fabricius, Fq-brg-kt-us, Jean Chre., 
Ger. ento, 17421807. 

Fahrenheit, Fq-ren-hjt, Gabriel D., 
phil and inventor of the Thermome- 
ter and Barometer, Prus., 16861736. 

Fairfax, F4r-faks, Ewd., poet and class- 
ic trans, Eng., 1632. 

Fairfax, Thomas, Lord, officer in the 

times of the parlimentary revolution, 

Falconer, Fql-kon-er, W., Eng. chem 
and disc of the property of carbonic 
acid gas, 1743 182 i. 

Fallopius, Fal-6-pi-us, Gabriel, ph, "bot, and dig of what are called "Fal- 
lopian tubes," Modena, 14901563. 



Faraday, F^r-a-da, Michael, Eng. 

ckem 1794 [17791853. 

F.-xrrar, Far-qr, John, Am. math Mass., 
Fa tin Duiller, Fq\-si-<a Del-ye, N., 

math and <iri Fr., 1664- 1753. 
Faucher. F6-Ja,r, Leon, ex-min. of Fr. 
Faust, Fust, John, theo and ckein of 

Ger., 15th. Cen. 
Faustus or Fust, Fos-tus or Fust, John, 

one of the inventors of printing, in 

1460, in Ger., 1466. 
Fellenberg. Fel-en-berg, Philippe 

Emannel De. ayri, be/te of Edu., and 

au Switz., 1771 d. 
Fenelon, Fan-a-16n, (or F^n-e-lon,) 

Francis I) S. Do La Motte, prieat 

and au Fr.. 16511684. 
Ferdinand, Fer-di-nand, tittle of sev- 
eral entps of Ger., and ks of Sp. 
Ferguson, Fer-gn,-son, Adam, phil and 

au, Scot., 17241816. [1774. 

Ferguson, Robert, poet of Scot., 1750 
Fermat, Fer-mq, Pierre, Fr. math 

Fessenden, Fes-en-den, Thomas G., an 

N-H., 177 11837. [Congress, Me. 
Fessenden, Win. Pitt, st and mem of 
Feuillee, Fif>ly-a, Louis, nat Fr., 1732. 
Fichte, FiA-ta, Johana Got., meta 

phil Ger., 17621814. 
Fielding, Fsld-in, Henry, nov and 

dram pt>et Eng., 17061754. 
Filicaija, Fil-e-kq-e-yq, Vincenzo, Da, 

poet 'Florence, 16421707. 
Fillmore, Fil-mor, Millard, F-Pres II. 

S., with Gen. Taylor, after whose 

death he served as Pres., bet. 1850 

and 1853, b. 1800 
Finiquerra, Fin-ek-rq, Tommaso, the 

inn of metal plate printing, Florence, 

Fitch, Fiq, John, inn of the steamboat, 

Conn., 17431798. [1646-1719. 
Flamsteed, Flain-sted, John, astr Eng., 
Fluxman, Flaks-man, John, sculp Eng., 

Fleischer, Flj-Jer, Heinr. Leber., prof 

oriental lang., Leipzig, Ger., 1801 
FleU-hor, Fleq-er, John and F. Beau- 
mont, dram, wrg Eng., 1579 1616, 

15851625. [17601814. 

Plindera, Flin-derz, Math<$w, Eng. nav 
Flora, \a-ra, fah, goddess of flowers. 
Flnres, Flu-rex, General Don Juan 

Jose, founder and preserver of the 

republic of Ecuador, 1800 
Fludd, Flud, Robert, Eng. ph and 

Rosicrucian phil, 1574 1637. 
Fonblanqno, Fou-blauk, Albany, jour 

Eag., 1800 

Fontaine, Fon-tan, Jean De La, pod 
and wr Fr., 16211695. 

Fontenelle, Fon-ta-nel, Bernard Le B. 
De, lit savant and math Fr., H'i07 

Ford, Ford, John, dram Eng., I 

Forrest., Edwin, Aui. avtor, 
Pa., 180(5 

Forsfer. Fan-tor, John Reinhold, nat, 
philol nnd yeog Prussia, 1729 1798. 

Forster. John, au and jovr, ed of the 
Examiner, Eng., 1812 

Forster, Fer-ster, Ernst J., art and tor 
Ger., 1800 

Fortuna, Fur-ti^-na, fab goddess of 
happiness, &c., said to be blind. 

Fo^brooke, Fos-bruk, Rev. Th. Dud- 
ley, antiq wr and Saxon scholar, 
Eng.. 17701842. 

Foscolo, Fos-kcS-lo, Uo, It. poet, dram 
wr and lit savant, 1776 1S27. 

Fourier, F(J&-ri-a, Charles, socialist and 
au Fr., 1772-1837. 

Fox, Foks, W. J., an Eng. pol and lect 

Fox, Chas. James, st Eng., 1749 1806. 

Fox, George, f</und of the Society of 
Friends, Eng.. 16241690. 

Francia, Frqn-qg-q, Uuibolini, < of It., 

Francia, Frqn-se-q, Don Gasper 11. De, 
dictator of Paragua, 17571840. 

Francis, Fran-sis, I., II., etc., emps Ger., 
and ks of Fr., from 15th to the 19th 

Francis, Philip, das trans, trage, and 
pol wr Eng., 1773. 

Franci?, Fran-sis. John W., M. D., LL. 
D., ph and med wr N-Y., 1789 

Franklin, Frank-lin, Benj. Am. moral- 
ist, phil, and xt, signer Dec. r*f Ind., 
Pa., born in Boston, 1706 IT'.'ll. 

Franklin, Fraijk-lin, Sir John, Eng. Art- 
ie nav, 1786 per. Arc. reg., 1852-4. 

Fraucnhofer, Fn$-en-huif-er, Jos. Von, 
optician and phil Ger., 17871826. 

Frederick, FreM-er-ik, II., k of Priis<i:i, 
called Frederick the Great, b. 1712, 
began to reign 1740, died 1786 ; ilr.s 
is also the title of numerous Germnn 
emperors from the 12th to the 14th 
cen.. also of other Eu. monarchies. 

Freiligrath, Fri-li-g-qt, Ferd, poet of 
Ger., 1810- 

Fremont, Fre-mont, John C., explorer 
and cuntr to the 1'hysicnl Sciences', 
Cal., 1813 [16751728. 

Friend, John, ph and mtd wr Eng., 

Frisi, Fre-se, Pnolo, math phil and 
astr au Milan, 17271781. 



Frobisher, Fr6-bi/-er, Sir Martin, Eng. 

nav 1J9J-. 
Frnst, Frost, John, off Am. army, Me., 


Frost, Frost, Win. E<l.,pt Eng., 1810 
Fry, Frj, Mrs. Elizabeth, philan, Eng., 

Fiihrich, Fe-rik, or Fe-rik, Jos., hist 

pt Ger., 1800 

Fulton, Flit-ton, Robert, Am. engin, 
and first to practically apply steam 
to vessels, Pa., 17651815. 

Furies, Fi'i-riz,/ai, the three daughters 
of Nox and Acheron, with hair com- 
posed of snakes, and armed with 
whips, chains, &c. 

Furness, Fiir-nes, Rev. Dr. Wm. Henry, 
die and wr Pa. 


Gaertner, G;y't-ner, Joseph, J>ot Ger., 

Gagarn, G^-Aern, Baron Hein. Von, 

premier min, Ger., 1799 
Gainsborough, Ganz-bur-o. Thomas 

R. A., pt Eng., 17271788. 
Galen, Gti-len, Claudian, Greek ph, 

sur, and au of 500 books on physic, 


Galiano, Gq,-Ie-q,-no, Don A. A., re- 
view, pam, p>tt and or Sp., 1789 
Galileo, Gal-i-le-o, Galilei, antr and 

inventer of the telescope, Italy, 1564 


Gall, Gql, Francis Joseph, found Phre- 
nology, Ger., 1753 1828. 
Gallatin, Albert, st Pa., 17611849. 
Galvani, Gal-vq-ne, Luigi, ph and 

physiol, and disc galvanism, Italy, 


Gam:i, Gq-mq,, Vasco De, nav Portu- 
gal, 152J. 
Gaiuburt, Gira-bqr, Jean F. A., astr 

France, 18001836. 
Gans, Gqns, Edward, jurist and legal 

au Prussia, 17981839. 
Garcia Gutierrez, Gq/'-te-o, Gott-tg-a- 

ret, Don Antonio, dram Sp., 1813 
Garden, Alex., hot and zool Scot., 1730 

Garnett, Dr. Thos., Eng. ph and nat 

phil, 1763-1802. 

Garrick, David, actor Eng., 17161779. 
Garrison, Win. Lloyd, leader of the 

Abolition party, and ed ' Liberator," 

Gartner, Friedr. Von, arch and wr 

Ger., 1792 
Gassendi, Ga-sand, Pierre, meta phil 

Fr., 15921655. 
Gates, Horatio, maj-gen Am. army, 

Va., 17281806. 
Gatterer, Go 1 -t4r-er, John Chris., Ger. 

hint, 1799. 

Gauss, G-ss, ast Ger., 1777 1855. 

Gavard, Ga-v^rd, Hyacinthc, anat 
France, 17531802. 

Gavarni. Ga-vqr-ne, the nom de crayon 
of a French artist, 1801 

Gavazzi, Ga-vqt-sg, Padre A., Italiaa 
church ref, 1809 

Gay, John, ballad wr Eng.. 1683 1732. 

Gay Lus<ac, Ga Le-sak, N. F., chern, 
and discoverer of chemical princi- 
ples and compounds, Fr., 1850. 

Ged, Win., inv stereotyping, Eng., 

Genii, Je-ni-j, fab guardian angels. 

Geoffrey, Xa-of-r-wo. Stephen F., fih 
and chern Fr., 16721731, 

Geoff roy St. Hilaire, San Hil-4r, 
Etieune, zool Fr., 17721844. 

George, name of several ks Eug., from 
16th to 18th centuries. 

Gerando, Xa-rand, Marie Joseph De, 
French meta, 17721842. 

Gerard, Je-yqrd, Alex., div and eisa 
Scot., 17281795. 

Gericault, Za.r-e-ku>l, Jean L. T. A., pt 
Fr., 17901824. 

Germany, J-B. Joseph Sebastin, Arch- 
duke of Austria, Ex-Regent of, 

Gerry, Jer-i, Elbridge, V-Pres. U. S. 
to Jus. Madison; Mass., 17411814. 

Gesenius, Ges-a-ne-us, Fred. Henry 
Win., philol and ori schilar Ger., 
17861812. [Nova Scotia. 

Gesner, Jes-ner, Abraham, M. D., geol 

Ghiberti, Ge-be'r-te, Lorenzo, Floren- 
tine sculp, 13811455. 

Giardini, Jqr-de-ne, Felice, viol Eng., 

Girardin, Zir-qr-dan, Emile De, jour, 
and ed " La Presse," Paris, 1802 

Girardin, Saint-Marc, jour and au Fr., 

Gibbon, Edward, hist Eng., 1737 1794. 

Gibbons, Grinling, carver in wood, 
Holland, 16481721. 



Gibbons, Orlando, trnts comp Ene., 


Gibson, John, sculp Eng., 1790 
Gifford, Wm., poet and ed Eng., 1756 

1826. . ' 
Gilbert, Wm., Eng. ph and exper phil, 

Gilfillan, Rev. George, critic and au 

Scot., 1813 

Gil y Zarate, IM E Hqr-4-ta, Don An- 
tonio, Sp. pott and dram, 1793 
Gioberti, Ju-be/'-te, Viucento, Italian 

r<>/and au, 1803 
Girard, Jir-qrl, Stephen, frwnd "Gir- 

ard College," Phila., Pa., 17461831. 
Gladstone, lit. Hon. Wm. E., Eng. at, 

Glauber, Gl-5-ber, Juhn Randolph, 

Ger. exp chem, 16th cen. 
Gleig, Gleg, Rev. Geo. Robt., Eng. ait. 

Gleitn, Gljra, Fred. Wm. Louis, poet 

Ger., 17191813. 
Glendowcr, Owen, last prince Wales, 

Gluck, Christoph, comp mus Ger., 

Godwin, God-win, William, ref, essa, 

au, etc., Eng., 1756-1836. 
Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft, wr on 

"rights of women," and on morals, 

educa. and pol., 1768 1797. 
Godwin, Parke, Am. etsa N-Y. 
Goethe, Ge-te, Johann Wolfgang Von, 

Ger. p'iei and au, 1749 1833. 
Goldsmith, Oliver, Brit, poet and prose 

wr, 17281774. 

Goodall, Fred., Eng. pt, 1822 
Goodrich, Samuel G., au and pub 

Conn., 1800 
Gordon, Lord George, a factious gt 

Eng., 17501793, died in Newgate 

prison. [ 1827. 

Gore, Christopher, Am. st Mass., 1758 
Gorgey, Gor-ge-y, Arthur, Hungarian 

gen, 1818 
Gorgons, Medusa, Euryale, and Sthe- 

no, fab, who could change into stone 

those upon whom they looked. 
Goszezyriski, GuiJ-c/ins-ki, Seweryn, 

Polish jnet, 1803 
Gough, Gof, Am. temperance lee. 
Gould, Gd)ld, John, Eng. ornith, 1804 
Gower, Juhn, Eng. law and pvet, 1320 

Graberg, Von Hemso, Grd-berg Fan 

Hem-so, Jacob, Swedish au, 1776 
Gracchi, Grak-j, The, Tiberius and 

Caius, brothers, elected tribunes of 

the Roman people, secured a law by 

which all persons possessing more 
than 500 acres of land, should yield 
the surplus for the benefit of the 
poor citizens. Both suffered violent 
deaths by their enemies, 133 and 
121 B. C. 

Graham, Sir James Robt. Geo., Bart., 
Eng. nt, 1792 

Gramont, Gra-unon, name of an illus- 
trious French family. 

Granville, G. G. L. Gower, Earl, Eng. 
st, 1815 

Grattan, Grat-an, Henry, Irish st and 
law, 17501820. 

Gray, Thomas, Eng. poet, 17161771. 

Gray, Asa, M. D., not and pn/ at 
Cambridge, Mass., 1810 

Greece, Otho I., King of, 1815 
crowned 1832. 

Grot-ley, Horace, jmtr, and chief ed 
"N-Y. Tribune," 1811 

Greene, Nathaniel, maj-gen U. S. ar- 
my, R. I., 1742 178J. 

Greenough, Gren-o, Horatio, Am. sculp 
Mass., 18051852. 

Gregory, an illustrious Scotch family 
name, as well as names of numerous 
popes and saints of Rome. 

Gregory, O. Gilbert, LL.D., math and 
au Eng., 1774-1841. 

Greuville, Richard, Earl Temple, Eng. 
at, author of the American Sunup 
Act, and reputed by some as the 
original " Juuius," 17111779. 

Greuville, George, Eng. at, 1712 1770. 

Grew, Nehemiah, Eug. ph, lot and au, 

Grey, Charles Earl, Eng. st 17641845. 

Grey, Lady Jane, a talented and beau- 
tiful English lady, 1537 exec. 1554. 

Griffin, Edmund D., wr Pa., 1804 

Grirnke, Grim-ks, Thos. Smith, law, 
au, and spell rtf, S. C., 17781834. 

Grimui. Fred. M., Baron De, French 
au, 17231807. 

Grimm, Jakob Lud., elder of the 
"Brothers Grimm," Ger. ail, 1785 

Grimm, Wilhelm Karl, younger of tho 
"Brothers Grimm," Ger. au, 1786 

Griswold, Roger, LL.1X, law, j Sup. 
Ct., &c., Conn., - 1812. 

Griswold, Rufus Wilmot, D. D., Am. 
bt'off Vt., 1816-1857. 

Grote, George, banker, pol ref and ail, 
Eng., 1794 

Grotefreml, Gr<f>-ta-frend, Geo. Fried., 
Ger. phil and antiq, 1775 1853. 

Grotius, Gn&-Ji-us, Hugo, fur, dii and 
hitt, Holland, 15831645. 



Guido, Gs-do, Aretinus, monk, begin- 
ning llth een., who introduced the 
present mode of writing music on 
the scale, and composing in differ- 
ent parts. 

Guise, William, Eng. dio, and trans 
of oriental languages, 1653 1083. 

Guizot, Ge-7.u, Frangois- Pierre - G., 
Fr. hint and ex-min, 1787 

Gunter, Edmund, Eng. math, ast, and 
'/8 "Gunter's Scale," 1581 1626. 

Gustavus Adolphus, k Sweden, 1594 
crowned 1611 killed 1032. 

Guttenberg, John, disc art of printing, 
Ger., 1400 1408. 

Guy, Thos., found Guy's Hospital, 

London, and most liberal benefactor 

in England, 1724. 
Guyon, Ge-i-6n, Madame Jeanne M. 

R. De La Mothe, Fr. 'seer and au, 

Guyon, Go)-yon, General, comman in 

the patriotic Hungarian army. 1815 
Guyton De Morveau, Ge-i-tori Do Mur- 

vcj. Liuis B., Fr. chem and au, 1735 

Gutzkow, G(fts-kov, Karl, Ger. au, 

jour and dram, 1811 
Gyllenborg, Gel-en-be/'g, Chas., Count, 

Swed. sen and man. (/letters, 1746. 


Hagedorn, Ho^-a-dom, Fred. Von, 
Ger. poet and an, 17081754. 

Hahnemann, Hqn-a-tnqn, Stm'l./Ottiui 
HoiDceopaihy, Ger., 1755 1843. 

Haldane, Robert and James Alex., 
Eng. nars, 17641842, 17681851. 

Hale, Sir Mathew, Eng.^' and constitu- 
tional law, 16091676. 

Hale, Nathan, off Am. array, and exe- 
cuted by the British, as a spy, 1776. 

Halevy, Hal-av, Fromenthal, Fr. mug 
comp, 1800 

Haliburton, Judge, T. C., hum au No- 
va Scotia, alias " Sam Slick." 

Halifax. Geo. Saville, Marquis of, Eng. 
st, 1630 1695. [1831. 

Hall, llev. Robt., preacher, Eng., 1764 

Hall, Samuel C., Eng. au, and ed " Lon- 
don Art Journal." 1800 

Hall, James, geol N-Y., 1811 

Haller, Albert, M. 1)., anat and physiol 
Swit., 17081777. 

Halley, Edmund. Eng.ast, 16561742. 

Hallam, Henry, Eng. hist, 1778 

Halleck, Hal-ek, Filz-Green, Aiu. poet, 
Conn., 1795 

Hamilton, Alexander, Am. st, jur, fi- 
nancier, etc., N-Y., 1757 1804, 
killed in a duel with Aaron Burr. 

Hamilton, Sir Wm., Bart., Scotish met 
phil, and present Professor of Logic 
in the University of Edinburgh. 

!L?ammer5ch, Ham-er-eA. Fred., Danish 
pif.t and pn/se wr, 1809 

Hampden, John, Brit, st, 15941643. 

HancocX, John, LL.D., Am. st, pres of 
the Continental Congress, and the 
first to sign the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence; Mass., 1737 1793. 

Handel, H^n-del, Geo. Fred., mits comp 
Ger., 16811759. 

Hannibal, Carthaginian gen, who after 
numerous successful victories against 
the Romans, was defeated, and pois- 
oned himself, 182 B. C. 

Hanover, Geo.- Fred.- Alex.- Ch.- E.- 
Augustus, King of. 1819 com- 
menced his reign 1851. 

Harding, J. I)., Eng. art, 1797 

Hare, Dr. Robt., M. D., M. A., P. S., 
chem, associate of the Smithsonian 
Institute, spiritualist, etc., Pennsyl- 
vania, 1781 

Haring, Hq>-irj, Wilhelm, Ger. nov, 
1798 [1771 . 

Harispe, Har-esp, Marshal, Fr. gen, 

Harpies, fab, throe monsters, with tho 
faces of virgins, bodies of vultures, 
and hands of claws. 

Harrison, Gen. Win. Henry, ninth Pres. 
U. S., from Ohio; 17731841, a 
month after assuming his duties. 
John Tyler, V-Pres. 

Hartley, David, Eng meta and au, 

Hartzenbusch, flrt-tan-bc6J, Don Juan 
Eugenio. Sp. poet and dram, 1806 - 

Harvard, John, found Harvard College, 
Mass., 1688. 

Harvey, William, M. D., disc of the 
circulation of the blood, Eng., 1578 
- 1657. 

Hastings, Warren, Brit. East India pol, 

Hauy, Ho. Rene Just, Fr. mineralogist, 

Hawes, Hoz, Dr. Wm., found Rnyal 
Humane Society, Eng., 17361808. 



Hawks. H.iks, Francis L., D. D., LL.D., 
pulpit or and die N-Y., 1798 

H;uvlc>y, Joseph, st Mass., 17211788. 

Hawthorne, Ho- torn, Nathaniel, Am. 
au Mass., 1809 

Haydn, Hj-dn, Francis Joseph, Aus. 
mug camp, 1732 1809. 

Huydon, Hu-don, Benj. Kobt., English 
pt and lee, 17861846. 

Haynau, Hj-n's, Baron, brutal Aus. 
Cftmman, 1786 

Hayne, Han, Robert Y., Am. law and 
tt S. C., 17911839. 

Hayti, Faustin-Soulouque, (-Soo-kbk, 1 ) 
Emperor of, b. a slave, about the 
year 1789 

Hazlitt, Haz-lit, William, Eng. crit, 
esca and an., 1778 1830. [and au. 

Head, Hed, Sir Francis B., Eng. maj 

Headley, J. T., Am. wr N-Y., 1814 

Hebe, Hg-be, fab goddess of youth. 

Hector, most vulliuut of the Trojans. 

Hegel, Ha-gel, Geo. Win. Fred., Ger. 
phil, 17701830. 

Heiberg, Hj-beVg, Johann Ludwig, 
Danish p<#t and drain, 1791 

Heideloff, Hi-del-of, Karl Alex., Ger. 
arch and wr, 1788 

Heine, Hj-na or Hjn, Heinrich, Ger. 
critic, poet,and prose wr, 1799 1853. 

Helena, Hel-e-na, fab, the most beau- 
tiful woman of the world, who run- 
ning away witb Paris occasioned the 
Trojan war. 

Helmont, Jean Baptist Van, alch Brus- 
sels, 1577-1644. 

Helvetius, Hel-ve-Ji-us, Claude Adrian, 
materialistic au, Fr., 1715 1771. 

Heliodorus, He-li-o-do-rus, Phoenician 
romance wr, fl. 398. [1835. 

Heinans, Mrs. Felicia, Eng. poet, 1794 

Henry, name of Ics England, France 
and Castile, and of emps Germany. 

Henry, Mathew, bib eommen Eng., 

Henry, Patrick, Am. or Va., 17361799. 

Herault-De-S4chelles, Her-o>l-De-Sa- 
Je-la, Marie Jean, Fr. pat and au, 
17601794, guillotined. 

Herbert, Her-bert, Edward, Lord, Eng. 
meta wr,' 1581 1648. 

Herbert, Henry William, wr N-Y., 

Hercules, II(5r-kq,-lez, fab son of Jupi- 
ter and Alcmona; the man of great 

Herder, H^r-der, Johann G. Von, Ger. 
au, 17441803. 

Hermann, Her-mqn, Karl Heinrich, 
Ger. hist pt, 1801 

Hermes, H^r-mez, Egyptian Itg, prittt 
and phil, year of the world 2076, 
soon after Moses. 

Herodotus, He-rod-o-tus, Greek hist, 
484-413 B. C. [15911660. 

Herrick, Robert, Eng. clerg and juift, 

Herschel, Sir William, attr Eng., 1738 

Herschel, Sir John Fred. Wm., son of 
Win. H., ai>tr Eng., 1790 

Hervey, James, Eng. din and au, 1714 

Herwegli, Her-veg, George, Ger. poet, 
1816 [not known. 

Hesiod, He-ji-od, Greek poet, bis time 

Hesperides, Hes-p6r-j-dez, fab daugh- 
ters of Hesperus : who had a garden 
bearing golden apples, watched by a 
dragon, which Hercules slew, and 
bore away the fruit. [1802 . 

Hesse, Fred. -William IV., Elector of, 

Heyne, Hj-na, Christ. Gottlob, Ger. 
au, 17291812. [5th cen. 

Hierocles, Hj-er-o-klez, Platonic phil, 

Hill, Rowland, eccdiv Kng.,fl. 1800-30. 

Hill. Rowland, Pott- Office ref, Eng., 
about 1810 

Hipparchus, Hip-q>-kus, first to reduce 
astronomy to science, fl. at Nice, bet. 
160 and 125 B. C. 

Hippocrates, Hip-6k-ra-tez, father of 
physic, a Grecian, 410 B. C. 

Historia, His-tw-ri-a, fab, the goddess 
of history. 

Hitchcock, Edward, D. D., LL.D., geol, 
and pres Amherst College, Mass., 

Hobbes, Hobz, Thomas, meta phil En<j., 
15881679. [1800. 

Hoche, HoJ, Lazare, Fr. gen, 1768 

Hofer, Andrew, chief of the Tyrolese, 
in war against the French and Bava- 
rians, 1810, shot. [1784-1854. 

Hoffman, David. Am. law and au, 

Hoffman, Charles Fenno, Am. pott and 
prom wr N-Y., 1806 

Hofland, Mrs., Eng. au, 17701844. 

Hogan, John, Eng. sculp, 1800 

Hogarth, Hij-gqrt, William, Eng. pt, 
16971764. [1835. 

Hogg, James, Scotish a and pott, 1772 

Hoihach, Hul-bqA, Paul T., Baron 
Von, Ger. miner and nat phil, Paris, 

Holland, Henry Richard V. F., Lord, 
Brit. st. 17731840. 

Holland, William III., Alex. Paul 
Fred. Louis, King of, Prince of Or- 
ange Nassau, Grand Duke of Lux- 
embourg, etc., 18170. 1849 



Holmes, Horns, Oliver Wendell, M. D., 

Am. ph and puft, 1809 
Holt, Sir John, Eng../ 10421709. 
Hoiner, Hob-mer, the most ancient and 

best of the Greek poets, whose only 

remaining works are the " Illiad," 

and Odyssey ;" f 1. 920 B. C. 
Hood, Thomas, hum, and humanitary 

poet, Eng., 17981845. 
Hooke, Rubt., math and exp, 1635 

Hooker, Richard, au " Ecclesiastical 

Polity," Eng., 15531600. 
Hopkins, Stephen, signer Dec. of Ind., 

R. I., 17421785. 
Hopkinson, Francis, Am. j, and signer 

Dec. of Ind., Pa., 17381791. 
Horace, H6r-as, (or Horatius, Quintus 

Flaccus,) Roman lyric and sat pott, 

fl. 65 B. C. [1792. 

Home, Geo., Eng. prelate and au, 1730 
Home, Richard Henry, Eng. poet and 

Horrox, Jeremiah, astr, disc, and an 

of a theory of lunar motion, 1619 

Hortense Eugenie Do Beauharnais, 

Hor-tans E-^e-ne De Bo-hqr-na, 

daughter of Empress Josephine, and 

wife of Louis Bonaparte, 17831837. 
Houston, Ho>3-ton, Gen. Samuel, Am. 

at and U. S. sen, Texas, 1793 
lloussave. HiD-sa, Arsene, Fr. poet and 

au, 1815 

Howard, John, W&&M Eng.,1726 1790. 
Howe, Admiral Earl, adin Eng. navy, 

Howit, H-s-it, William, Eng. poet and 

deswi wr, 1795 
Huber, He-ba/, Frangois, nat Swit., 

Hubner, H<ibb-ner, Rud. Jul. Benno, 

Ger. hint, 1806 [ished at sea. 

Hudson, Henry, Eng. nav, 1610, per- 
Hughes, Hqz, Rev. John, D. D., arch- 

bj) N-Y., 1798 
Hugo, He-go, Victor, repub pol, poet 

and au, forbidden, on account of his 

sentiments, to enter France, 1802 
Hull, Isaac, Am. arm Conn., 17751843. 
Humboldt, Hum-bolt, William Von, 

Ger. phil and st, 17671835. 
Humboldt, Alexander Von, Baron, 

brother of tho preceding, Ger. not 

and trav, au of that great work, 
" Cosmos," tho best product of his 
towering genius, 1769 1859. 

Hume, David, Scottish phil and hist, 
17111776 [1855. 

Hume, Joseph, Eng. st and ref, 1777 

Humphreys, David, LL.D., sol rev, 
amb to Lisbon, ruin, to Spain, pat 
wr, U. S., 1818. 

Hunt, Fred. Knight, Eng. jour, ed 
" Daily News," 1814 

Hunt, Leigh, jnur and poet Eng., 1784 

Hunt, Robert, Brit, au, 1814 

Hunter, John, Scottish surg and anat, 

Hunter, William, elder brother of the 
above, anat, physiol and ph, Scot., 

Huntington, Samuel, gov Conn., and 
siyner Dec. of Ind., 17321795. 

Huntington, Daniel, art N-Y., 1816 

Kurd, Richard, Eng. au, 17201808. 

Huskisson, Htis-ki-son, Win., Brit, st, 

Huss, Hus, John, Ger. church ref, 1370 
1415, burnt at the stake. 

Hutchinson, John, Eng. wr in opposi- 
tion to tho theories of Sir Isaac 
Newton, 16741737. 

Hutton, Charles, LL.D., Eng. math, 
and wr, 17371823. 

Hutton, Dr. James, Scottish geol, and 
found of Psychoraetry, 17261797. 

Huyghens, Htf-Aenz, Christian. Dutch 
math, astr, etc. In Geometry he 
gave theorems for the quadrature of 
the Hyperbola, the Ellipsis, and the 
Circle ; he discovered Saturn's 
ring ; he laid down the theory of the 
pendulum, and its application to the 
clock; he discerned the synchronism 
of the Cycloid, invented the theory 
of Involutes and Evolutes of Curves, 
etc., 1629-1695. 

Hydra, Hj-dra, fab, a serpent, 'which 
had seven heads. [health. 

Hygeia, Hi-je-yu, fob, the goddess of 

Hymen, Hj-men, fab, the god of mar- 

Hypatia, Hj-pa-Ji-a, female teacher in 
Alexandria, 4th cen. 

Hyperides, Hj-per-i-clez, a disciple of 
Plato who procured the punishment 
of Socrates, 320 B. C. 




lanthe, ^-an-te,/aJ, the beautiful wife 
of Iphis. 

Ibrahum Pa.-ha, Pb'rq-ham Pa-Jo, emp 
Egypt, 17891848. 

Ignatius, Ig-na-Ji-us, J>p Antioch, torn 
to pieces by lions, at Homo, by order 
of the emperor Trajan, A. D. 107. 

Ingersoll, In'ger-sol, Jured, LL.D., j, 
law, etc., Pa., 1822, 

Ingres, Ah-gra, Jean Dominique A., 
Fr. pt, 1780 

Innocent, from I. to XIII.. popes be- 
tween A. D. 402 and 1724. 

Irving, Er'vin, Rev. Edward, pulpit or 
and div, Scotland, 1792 d. 

Irving, Washington. Ain. au, N-Y., 

Irving, Theodore, LL.D., nephew of Irving, au N-Y. 

Isabella of Castile, queen of Spain, 

Isturiz, Ss-tiD-refi, Don Xavier De, 
Sp. pol, 1790 

Iturbide, 8-toDr-bed, Don Augustus, 
emp Mexico, 1784 sh. 1824. 

Ixion, Iks-j-on,/aft, the son of Phlegy- 
as, who for some vice, was fastened 
in hell to a wheel perpetually turn- 
ing round. 

Izard, lialph, Am. st S. C., 1738 1804. 


Jackson, Gen. Andrew, seventh Pres. 
U. S., from 1829 to 1837 ; Tcnn., 
17671845. V-Pres., J. C. Calhoun 
and Mnrtin Van Buren. 

Jacobi, Yq-ko-be, Fred. Henry, Ger. 
mttaphil and wr, 17431819. 

Jacobs, Yq-kobz, Frederick, Ger. crit, 

Jacquard, Xa-kqrd, Marie Joseph, inr 
a loom for weaving damasks, France, 

James, name of Scottish and English Its. 

James, Wm., Eng. naval hist, 1827. 

James, G. P. R., Eng. au, now of N-Y., 

Jameson, Jam-e-son, Robert, nat Scot., 

Janin, Xa-nnn, Jules, au and jour, 
France, 1804 

Jarvi.<>, Jqr-vis, John Wesley, por-pt 
N-Y., 17801834. 

Jasmin, Xas-man, Jacques, "larler 
poet," France, 1798 

Jay, John, Am. ft, and first cliiff jus- 
tice U. S., signer Dec. of Ind., for- 
eign min, etc., N-Y., 17451829. 

Jefferson, Thomas, Am. ft and scholar, 
draftsman of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, author of the ordinance 
of '87, and third Pres. U. S., from 
1801 to 1809; Va., 17431826. V- 
Pres., Aaron Burr and Geo. Clinton. 

Jeffrey, Je"f-ri, Francis, Scottish wr, 
critic, and ed Edinburgh Review, 

Jeffreys, George, Lord, Eng. law and 

j, notorious 1'or his infamous cruelty, 

Jellachich. Xe-lq^-iA, Jos. Baron Von, 

ban of Croatia, Sclav, and Dalmatia, 

(/ Aus. army, 1801 
Jenner, Edward, M. D., F. R. S., dito 

of vaccination, Eng., 17491823. 
Jcnyns, Jen-inz, Soame, pol and tor 

Eng., 17041787. 
Jerome, of Prague, disciple of II us*, 

and prot martyr, 1416. 
Jerrold, Jer-old, Douglas, Eng. au and 

satirist, 18051857. 
Joan d'Arc, Xo-an Dqrk, (or Joan of 

Arc,) the " virgin-martyr of French 

liberty," 1410 1431. burnt at stake. 
Johnson, Richard M., V-Pres. U. 8. to 

Martin Van Buren ; Ky., 1850. 
Johnson, Dr. Samuel, lex, au and crit, 

Eng., 17091784. 
Join vi lie, Swuh-VEl, Fran5ois-Ferd.- 

Ph.-L.-M. D'Orleans, Prince de, of 

the house of Orleans ; 1818 
Jone?, Jacob, com Am. nnvy, Del., 

17701850. [17361792. 

Jones, Paul, cnmman Am. navy, Scut., 
Jones, Sir William, ori and trans, 

Eng., 1746 17<J4. 

Jonson, Benjamin, dram wr. contempo- 
rary of Shakspen re, Eng., 1573 1637, 
Jordan, Dorothea, Eng. actress. 1762 

Josephine, first wife of Nap. Bonaparte, 

and empress of France, 1763 1814. 



Josephus. Jo-sE-fus, Flavin?, hist of 
the Jews, Jerusalem, A. D. 37 93. 

Jouffroy D'Albans, Xo>-frwo Dqb-an. 
Cl. F. D., Marquis De, Fr. machani- 
cian., to whom the Acailemy of Sci- 
encos has awarded the honor of 
having first applied steam to navi- 
gation, instead of Fulton ; 1751 
1832. [18131853. 

Judd, Rev. Sylvester, A in. au, Mass., 

Jadson, Emily C., (' Fanny Forester,") 
Atn. au and poet N-Y., 1854. 

Julian, Ji^-li-an, Rom.m emp, styled 
the Apostate, for turning anti-Chris- 
tian after ascending the throne ; 
killed, 363. 

Junius, Letters of, famous Eng. pol 
writings, supposed to have been 
written by Hugh Boyd, who d. 1794. 

Juno, Jq-iiQ, fab, the sister and wifo 

of Jupiter. 

Jupiter, Jq,-pi-ter, fab, a son of Sat- 
urn and Ops ; the supreme deity of 

the heathens. 
Jussieu, Xe-se, Atoine De, Fr. bot, 

Jussieu, Bernard De, brother of tha 

above, but, 1699-1777. 
Jussieu, Antoine L. De, nephew of the 

above, but, 17481836. 
Justin, Jus-tin, ancient Latin hist, fl. 

A. D. 250. 
Justin, the Martyr, wr Chris. Church, 

and for his faith beheaded, 167. 
Justinian, Jus-tin-i-an, Roman emp, 

who collected and arranged the laws 

of the nation, 541. [youths. 

Juveuta, Ju,-ven-ta, fab, a goddess of 


Kaempfer, Kamp-fer, Engelbert, Ger. 

trae and nat, 16511716. 
Kaestner, Kast-ner, Abraham Gott., 

Ger. math, a*tr and au. 17191800. 
Kalb, Kqlb, Baron De, Polish maj-yen, 

Am. army, 1780, killed. 
Kalm, Kqlra, Peter, Swedish nat. 

Kane, Dr. Elisha Kent, U. S. Navy, 

fir, nat. and Arctic explorer, Pa., 

Kant, Kq,nt, Immanuel, Ger. meta, 

jihil and critic. 17241804. 
Kaulbach, Kil-bqA, William, Ger. art. 

1804- [17901833. 

Kean, Ken, Edmund, Eng. tragic act, 
Kean, Chas. John, son of the above, 

act, 1811 [1820. 

Keats, Kets, John. Eng. poet, 1796 
Kemble, Charles, Eng. act, 17751854. 
Kemble, John P., Eag. act, 17571^23. 
Kemp, Joseph, mus comp Eng., 1778 

Ketnp, Kenneth, Scotch chem, was the 

first to solidify carbonic acid gas, 

and was the introducer of amalga- 
mated zinc plates into the galvanic 

batter}', 18071843. 
Kennedy, John Pendleton, Am. nov 

Md., 1795 
Kenrick, Wm., compiler of an English 

dictionary, 1779. 
Kenrick, John, Eng. hist and pTiiltil. 
Kent, James, Aia. jurist N-Y., 1763 


Kepler, Kep-ler, John, Ger. astr and 

au, 15710. s. 1631. 
Keyser, Kj-ser, Nicaise De, hut pt 

Belgium, 1813 

King, Rufus, Am. st Me., 17571827. 
King, William R., V-Pres. U. S. to 

Franklin Pierce; N. C., 1853. 
Kingsley, Charles, Brit, poet and au. 
Kinkel, Kiij-kel, Gottfried, Ger. wr and 

Kirby, Ker-bi, Rev. Wm., ento Eng., 

17591850. [1710. 

Kirch, KirA, Gottf., Ger. a&tr, 1639 
Kirwan, Ker-wan, Richard, chein, Scot., 

Klaproth, Klap-rut. Heinrich J. Von, 

o/'iachol and crit. Ger., 1783 1835. 
Klaproih, Martin Henry, Ger. diem, 

the discoverer of uranium, zircon in, 

titanic acid, etc., 17431817. 
Klopstoek. Klop-stuk, Friedrich, Ger. 
jioet, 1724-1803. 
Knowles, Nolz, Jas. Sheridan, Irish 

dram poet, 1784 

Knox, Noks, Henry, maj-gen Am. ar- 
my, Mass., 17501806. 
Knox, John, Scotch cler, and church, 

ref, 1505 1572. 
Koek, Kok, Chas. Paul De, Fr. ncv. 

Koekkoek. Kook-kcok, Bernard C., Dut. 

l-j,t, 1803 
Kosciasco, Kiasts-e-c6s-ko or Kos-i-us- 

ko, Thaddcus, Polish patriot and 

Aw. gen, 17561817. 



Kossuth, Ko-Jtit, Louis, ex-gnv Hun- 
gary, and or, 1806 

Kotzebue, K6ts-e-lx6-a, August Von, 
Ger. dram, 17611819., Krv-sa, Chas. Christ. Fred., 

Ger. meta, 17811832. 

Kruseiuun, Kre-sa-iuan, 

Dutch Aift pt', 1797 


Kugler, Kdbg-ler, Franz. Thcod., Ger. 

poet and aw, 1808 
Kunckell, K(fen-kel, John, Ger. chem, 

Kyan, Kj-un, John H., the inv of the 

process of Kyanizcd wood, Eng., 



Labitzky, Lq-bits-ki, Joseph, Ger. mus\ 

amp, lt>02 
La-Caille, Lq-Kaly, Nich. Louis De, 

Fr. a/ftr nbnerrer, 17131762. 
Lacepede, Lq-sa-pad, Bernard G. Etie. 

De La, Fr. nut, 17561825. 
LiifaycUe, Lq-i'a-et, Marie Paul J. R. 

Y. G. M., Marquis De, Fr. (iff, at and 

pati'itit, who assisted in tho Ameri- 
can Revolutionary War, 1757 1834. 
Lagrange, Lq-granj, Joseph Louis, 

math, and gevtn and atstr an, France, 

Laharpe, Lq-hq>p, Jean F. De, Fr. 

crit and au, 1739 1803. 
Lahirc, Lq-her, Philip De, Fr. math 

and astr, 16401719. 
Lalando, Lq.-land, Joseph J. Le F. De, 

aatr i,bs and wr, Fr., 17321807. 
Lamarck, Lq-ra^rk, or Jean 13. P. A. 

De Munet, Fr. nat, conch, eool and 

M, 1/441829. 
Lama nine, Lam-qr-ten, Alphonse De, 

poet, or, /lift and pol, Fr., 1790 
Lamb, Charles, Eng. humor, critiv and 

etstif 1775 1834. 
Lauib ert, Lqtn-bert. John Henry ,Ger. 

math unilnkil, 17281777. 
Lamennais, Lq-mah-a, Felicite Robert, 

(P'a-le-si-ta,) Fr. ecc, pol and au, 

La-Motte-Fouque, Lq-Mot-Fiok, Fred. 

llein. Karl, Baron De, Normo-Ger. 

poet and nov, 17771843. 
Lane si, Lqn-qe-se, Giaiumaria, Italian 

anat &nA yhytiol, 1654 1720. 
Lander, Richard and John, Eng. exps 

of Africa, 18041832; 1806 
Landon, Lititia Elizabeth, Eng. poet, 

1838. [an, 1775 . 

Landor, Lan-dor, Walter Savage, Eng. 
Landsecr, Sir Edwin, Eng. pt, 1801 
Lane, Edward Win., Arabic and ori 

schol, Eng.. about 1800 
La Perouse, Lq Pa-rdbs, Jean F. G. De, 

Fr. nav, 17411789. 

La Place, Lq Plq"s, Pierre S., Marquis 
Dc,Fr. geom,&nd attr aw,1749 1827. 

Lares, La -re/,, fab, sons of Mercury and 
Lara, worshipped as household gods. 

Las Cases, Lqs Kq-sa, Fr. naval corn- 
man, 17661842. 

Latham, La-tam, John, Eng. orni and 
antiq, 17401837. 

Latimer, Hugh, Eng. church ref, 1472 
burnt at the stake, 1555. 

Laube, Li-be, Heinrich, Ger. nov and 
dram, 1 806 

Lauder, Le-der, Robt. Scott, Scottish 
pt, 1803 [17241792. 

Laurens, Ld-renz, Henry, Am. ft S. C., 

Lavater, Lq-vq-ter, John Gasper, wr 
on Physiognomy, Ger., 1741 1801. 

Lavoisier, La-vwo-si-a, Antoine Lan., 
Fr. chem, contributing to this sci- 
ence, among other things, the chemi- 
cal nomenclature now in use; 1743 
1794, guillotined. 

Law, John, Scotch finan, projector of 
the French money bubble, 1070 

Law, Wm., Eng. relig wr, 16861761. 

Lawrence, James, Am. nav <ff N. J., 

Lawrence, Sir Thomas, P. R. A., Eng. 
por-pt, 17691830. 

Lawrence, Abbott, Am. merch Mass., 

Layard, La-qrd, Henry Austin, Eng. 
trail and an, 1817 

Le Conte, LE Kont, John L., M. !>., 
Am. nat N-Y., 1825 [pt. 

L&urieux, I>a-ke-re, Jacques, Fr. niat 

Ledyard, John, Am. trail Conn., 1751 

Lee, Anne, found of the "Shakers," 
Eng., 17351784. 

Lee, Arthur, Am. tt, and pol wr, Va., 
17401792. [1782. 

Lee, Charles, maj-gen Am. army, Pa., 

Lee, Francis Light'foot, signer Dec. of 
Ind., Va., 17341797. 



Lee, Henry, rff Am. army, Va., 1756 

Lee, Richard Henry, Am. ft and signer 

Dec. of Jnd., Va., 17321794. 

Lee, , Eng. l-pt. 

Legendre, La-gah-dr, Adrian Marie, 

Fr. geom. and math an, 1751 1833. 
Lehmann, La-mqn, Prof., Rus. nat, 

Leibnitz, Ljb-nits. Godfrey William, 

Ger. meta and mathphil, 1646 1716. 
Lemon, Mark, Eng. jour, ed "Punch," 

Lennep, La-nap, Jacob Van, Dutch 

poet and nov, 1802 
Leo X., Pope Giovanni De Medici, 

Leonhard, La-on-hqrt, Karl Casar Von, 

Ger. miner and ffenl, 1779 
Leopold I., emp Austria, 1640 1705. 
Leopold II., emp Germany, 1747 1792. 
Lepsius, Lep-si-us, Karl Rich., Ger. 

ori, 1811 . 
Lerminier, Laj-man-i-a, Jean Louis 

E., Fr. phil and lor, 1803 
Lerou.t, La-rc6, Pierre, Fr. soc phil, 

Le Sage, Le 833, Alain, Fr. nov and 

dram, 16681747. 
Leslie, Les-li, Sir John, Eng. math 

and wr, 17661832. 
Leslie, Chas. Robert, Eng. pt, 1794 
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraira, Ger. crit, 

phil, dram wr and au, 17291781. 
Lessing, Karl Fred., Ger. pt, 1808 
Leutze, Lffts-a, Emanuel G., Ger. art. 
Leuwenhoeck, Ltr-ven-hek, Atoine, 

Ger. nat, 16321723. 
Leverrier, Le-ver-i-a, M., Fr. astr, 

and disc of the planet Neptune. 
Lewis, Samuel, pioneer in the cause of 

education in the west, and anti- 
slavery rtf, Ohio, 1853. 
Lieber, Ls-ber, Francis, LL. D., Ger. 

remtb and au, and pres Columbia 

College, Ga., 1800 
Liebig, Le -big, Justus, Ger. chem, 18 
Lilly, William, Eng. astrol, 1602 1681. 
Lincoln, Lin-kon, Benjamin, gen Am. 

army, Mass., 17331810. 
Lindley, Lind-li, John, English tot, 

Linley, Thomas, vocal comp, Eng., 

Linnaeus, Lin-e-us, Charles, bot and au 

Sweden, 1707-1778. 
Liszt, Lest, Franz, Hungarian pianist, 

Livingston, Liv-in-ston, Edward, Am. 

jurist and st N-Y., 17641836. 

Livingston, Robert R., Am. laio and 

st, and signer Dec. of Ind., N-Y., 

Livius, Lir-i-us, Titus, best Roman 

hist, moat of whose books are hist, 

b. 59 B. C. [1704. 

Locke, John, Eng. meta phil, 1632 
Lockhart, John G., Scottish au, and 

ed " Quarterly Review," 17941854. 
Logan, John, poet Scot., 17481788. 
Lollard, Walter, fottnd of a sect who 

denied the use of the mass, baptism, 

<fec.: was burnt for heresy, 1322. 
Lomenie-De-Brienne, Lei-man -c -De- 

Brs-an, Stephen Chas. De, finance 

min of Louis XVI., Fr., 17271794. 
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Am. 

pret Mass., 1807 
Longneville, Lon-ge-vd, the name of 

a celebrated French family of the 

15th century. 
Lope De Vega, Lo-pa Da Va-gq, Sp. 

dram, 15621635. 
Lortzing, Ler-tsin, Albrecht Gus., Ger. 

mug crimp, 1803 [ 1715. 

Louis XIV., (L<f>-i,) Bourbon k, 1638 
Louis XVI., k France, 1754-g. 1793. 
Louis Philippe, Lo>-i Fil-ep, Jc France, 

Lovejoy, Rey. Elijah P., ed "Alton 

Observer," an anti-slavery paper, 

and became a martyr to that cause 

and a free press, in defending his 

paper from a mob ; 111., 18021837. 
Lover, Samuel, Irish an and art. 
Lowe, L-s, Lieut. Gen. Sir Hudson, 

K. C. B., guardian of Napoleon at 

St. Helena, 17691844. 
Lowell, Lo-el, James Russell, Am. poet 

and wr Mass., 1819 
Loyola, Lo-e-ta-lq, Ignatius, found of 

the Order of Jesuits, Sp., 14911556. 
Lucian, Ln-Ji-an, Greek crit and tat, 

Lucifer, Lq,-si-fer, fab, son of Jupiter 

and Aurora, made the morning star. 
Lucius, Li\-Ji-us, I., II., III., popes, 

253, 1144, 1181. 
Lucretia, Lq-kre-Ji-a, Roman matron 

who was the cause of the revolution, 

509 B. C. 
Lucretius, Lq,-kr-Ji-us, Titus Carus, 

Roman phil and poet, 96 54 B. C. 
Lully, L<6-li, Jean B., mus comp Italy, 

Luna, Li|,-na, fab, Diana's name in 

heaven. [ 1546. 

Luther, Martin, Ger. church ref, 1483 

Lycurgus, Lj-krir-gus, Spartan leg, 

"870 B. C.j Athenian or, 408 B. C. 



Lyell, Lil, Sir Charles, geol Soot., 

Lyndsay, Lind-sa, Sir David, Scottish 

poet, 14901655. 

Lysanuer, Lj-s&n-der, Spartan gtn,it\\Q 
defeated the Atheniun fleet, nnd 
ended the 27 years' war, 398 B. C. 

Lyttleton, Lit-1-ton, George Lord, Eug. 
au and et, 17091773. 


Mabuse, Mq-bd6-sa, Jaa De, an It. pt 

Macaulay, Ma-ke-la, Catherine, hist 

and pol wr Eng., 17341791. 
Macau lay, Thomas Babington, Br. hist, 

essa, poet and pol, 1800 
Macbeth, Mak-beb, usurper of the Scot. 

crown, slain 1054. 
Maccabees, Mak-a-bez, seven brothers, 

Jews, with their mother, put to death, 

at Antioch, 168 B. C. 
Macdonough, Mak-don-o, Thomas, 

oommo Am. navy, 1784 1825. 
Macfarlano, Mak-f6,r-lan, Henry, pol 

and misc wr Scot., 1734 1804. 
Machiavelli, Mq-ks-q-vel-e, Nicolo, an 

It. pol wr and au 14691527. 
Mackay, Ma-ka, Charles, Br. poet and 

jour, 1812 
Mackenzie, Ma-kdn-zi, Sir. Alex., Br. 

nar, d. [1831. 

Mackenzie, Henry, Scottish nav, 1745 
Mackintosh Mak-in-toJ, Sir. James, 

Scottish au and law, 1765 1832. 
Macklin, Mak-lin, Chas., act and dram 

Ir. ? 16901797. 
Maclise, Ma-kliz, Daniel, Irish art 

M'Clintock, Ma-Klin-tok, John, D.D., 

''/, trans and au of Greek and Latin 

text books, Pa., 1814 
M'Lean, Muk-Lan, John, chief justice 

U. S. Sup Ot 0., 1785 
Maclaurin, Mak-la-rin, Colin, Scottish 

math 16981746. 
Macouib, Ma-kciuib, Alex., com in-chief 

of the Am. army, 17821841. 
Macon, Md-kon, Nathaniel, Am. tt X. 

C., d. 

Macpherson, Mak-fdr-son, James, (d 

of "Ossian," wr Scot., 17381796. 
M'Cullah, Ma-ktil-a, Wm. Torrens,/x>Z 

and au Ir., 1813 
M'Culloch, Ma-kul-ok, J. R., wr on pol 

econ Scot., 1790 
Madison, Mad-i-son, James, Am. and 

fourth ptes U. S., from 1809 to 1817; 

Va., 17581836. V-Pres. George 

Clinton, ajid Eibridge Gerry. 

Madraso, Mqd-r<i-to, Don Pedro, Sp. 
poet, jour, critic and pt 1816 

Madvig, M4d-vig, Johann N., Ger. 
class wr and prof 1804 

Magellan, Ma-jel-an, (or Mngalhacns, 
Mci-Kql-yq-enz, ) Fernando, Port., nav 
the first to circumnavigate the globe, 
14701521, killed by natives at 
Philippine is. 

Magiun, Maj-in, William, Irish wr,fovn 
of u Eraser's Magazine," 1794 1842. 

Mahmoud, M^-iovd, the name of Tur- 
kish Sultans. 

Mahomet, Ma-hom-et, the av of the 
" Koran" and_/on of a new religion. 
A name applied since, to Turkish 
emperors, who ruled from the 13lh 
to the 17th century. 

Mabon, Mq-h6n </r Mq,-6n, Philip H., 
Viscount, an Eng. hint wr 1805 

Mahoney, Mq-hu-ni, Francis, Br. jour 
and aw, 1800 

Mailath, iMq-el-qt, Count Johann, Hun. 
au, 1786 

Mars, Mqrz, fab, god of war. 

Mechain, Me-Jan, Pierre Francis A., 
Fr. attr and math, 17741805. 

Mccklenburg-Schwerin, M6k-len-burg- 
Xwa-ren, Frederick Francis, Grand 
Duke of, 1823 assumed govern- 
ment 1842. 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Stra-litz, Fred- 
erick Chas. Joseph, Grand Duke of, 
b. 1779; he is a distinguished gov- 
enor, and a great friend of education 
and human rights. 

Medici, Ma-de-se, an illus. Florentine 
family, from the 14th cen. to the 
present time. 

Mehemet Ali, Me-hdm-et fl'le, Eg. 
paha, 17651848. f 17oO. 

Mehemet-Effendi, Ef-dn-de, Turk, st 

Meigs, Megz. Return Jonathan, Am. 
(/ 0., 1828. 

Melanchthon. Mel-ajjk-ton, (Ger. Mel- 
^k-ton,) Philip, colleagut of Luther 
in the Ruforination, 1497 158. 

Melbourne, M61-burn, Win. Lamb, Vi- 
count, Eng. it, 17791843. 



Melitus, Me-lj-tus, Greek or and poet, 

accuser of Socrates, ex. 400 B. C. 
Mellen, Mel-en, Grenville, Ain. poet 

and mine wr, 18001841. 
Melville, Mel-vil, Andrew, Eng. div 

and au 15451622. 
Melville, Henry Dundas, Lord Viscount, 

Eng. st 17401811. 
Melville, Herman, Am. au N-Y.,1819 
Mendelssohn, Men-del-son, Dr. Felix 

Bartholody, Ger. mus comp and per- 
former, 18091847. 
Mendelssohn, Moses, a Jewish phil and 

mor Ger., 17291786. 
Menelaus, Men-e-la-us, k of Mycenae, 

has of Helena. 

Mengs, Merjz. Antony Raphael, Bohe- 
mian pi!, 17291779. 
Mercator, Mer-kq-tor, Gerard, math 

and gtog Flanders, 15121594. 
Mercer, Mer-ser, Hugh, a trig gen in 

the Am. army, 1777. 
Mercury, Mer-kq,-ri, fab, messenger of 

the gods, inventor of letters, god of 

eloquence, &c. [1800 . 

Merimee, Mer-E-ma, Prosper, Fr. au 
Mesmer, Mes-mer, Fred. Anthony, a 

promoter of animal magnetism, Ger., 

Mesonero y Romanes, Ma-son-a-ro e 

Ro-inqn-ois, Don Ramon De, Sp. au 

iletastasio, Ma-tqs-tqs-e-o, Pietro, It. 

dram, 16981782. 
Metternich, Met-er-niA, Clemens, W. 

X. L., Prince, Aus. st and dip, 1773 
Meursius, Mer-si-es, John. Dutch critic 

philol and hut, 15791639. 
Meyer, Mj-er, Philippe, Ger. mus comp 

Meyerbeer, Mj-er-bar, Giaocomo, Ger. 

mus comp, 1794 
Mezerai, Ma-za-ra, Francis E. De, Fr. 

hist 1610 1683. 
Michaelis, MiA-q-el-is, John David, 

Ger. orien and bib critic, 1717 1791. 
Michelangelo Buonarroti, Ms-ka-lqn- 

ga-lo Boo-o-nqr-o-te, or anglicized, 

Michael Angelo, Mj-ka-el An'je-lo, 

It. art, 1475 -1564. [1798 

Michelet, MiJ-a-la, Jules, Fr. hist 
Mickiewicz, Mtts-ke-a-veq, Adam, Pol- 
ish poet, 1798 
Middleton, Mid-1-ton, Conyers, polem 

wr and critic Eng., 16831750. 
Middleton, Arthur, signer Dec. of Tnd., 

S. C., 17431787. [1846. 

Middleton, Henry, Am. st S. C., 1771 
Mignet, Meg-na, Francois Au. Alexis, 

Fr. hist,\l% 

Mill, Mil, James, Scotish phil and st, 

Millar, Mil-ar, James, Scot, ph and 

chem, 1762 1827. > 
Miller, Edward, ph and med au N-Y., 

Miller, Wm., found of the sect called 

the " Millerites," 1849. [1856. 

Miller, Hugh, Scot, geol&nd a,1802 
Miller, Thomas, Eng. poet and nov 

Millin, Mil-in, Aubin Louis, Fr. archce, 

nat and au, 17591818. 
Milman, Mil-man, Henry Hart, Eng. 

au and clerg, 1791 
Milnes, Mil-nes, Richard Monckton, 

Eng. poet, 1806 
Milton, Mil-ton, John, Eng. poet whose 

writings have given a name to the 

English language, 16081675. 
Mina, Me-nq, Don Francisco E. y, Sp. 

gen, 17821836. [wisdom. 

Minerva, Min-er-va, fab, goddess of 
Minot, Min-ot, Laurence, Eng. poet 

14th cen. 
Minto, Min-to, Walter, math and nat 

phil Scot., 1796. 
Mirabeau, Mir-q-bo, Honore G. R. 

Cotnte De, or and repub Fr., 1749 

Mirabeau, Mir-q-bo, Victor Riquetti, 

Marquis De, au &ndfoun of pol sect 

of Economists, Fr., 1790. 
Miranda, Mir-^n-dq, Don Francisco, 

Sp. S. Am. liberator 1816. 
Miraflores, Mer-q-flo-ras, Don Manuel 

P. F. De P. M. y D., st, min and au 

Sp. 1792 [1810 . 

Mitchel, Miq-el, 0. M., Am. astr 0., 
Mitchell, Jnhn, Am. nat and au, 1772. 
Mitchell, Thomas, Eng. philol, 1783 

1845. [1822 . 

Mitchell, Donald G., Am. wr Conn., 
Mitchell, John, Irish " patriot," exiled, 

now in TJ. S., 1814 
Mitford, Mit-ford, John, misc wr Eng., 

1831. [1827. 

Mitford, Mary Russel, Eng. au, 1786 
Mitford, William, hist mud philol Eng., 

Mittermaier, Mit-er-mj-er, Charles J. 

Anthon, jurist and au, a friend of 

popular freedom, Ger., 1787 
Mitzler, Mits-ler, Lan. Chas. de Kolof, 

Ger. mus comp, 1711 1778. 
Modena, Mo-da-nq, Francis Ferd. Gem- 

iinen, Duke of, b. 1819, commenced 

to govern, 1846. 
Moir, Mwer, David Macbeth, Scottish 

wr and au, 17S8 1851. 



Mole, Mol, John, an Englishman, em- 
inent for hi.-- skill in the science of 
Algebra, 1827. 

Moliere, Mwl-i-a/, Jean B. Poquelin, 
Fr. actor and comic wr, 16221663. 

Moliers, Mol-i-a/-a, Joseph P. De, phil 
wr Fr., 1677-1742. [1777 . 

Molina, Mo-ll-nq,, Pedro, et Guat., 

Moltke, M<Mt-ko, Adam Win., Count, 
Danish st, 1785 

Molyneax, M61-i-no, Wm., an ingen- 
ious, math, If., 1656 d. 

Molza, M<M-dzq. Francis Maria, Italian 
poet, 14891544. 

Monardes, Mo-nq>-das, Nicholas, Sp. 
phunAba, 1578. 

Monbeillard, Moh-bal-yqrd, Philibert 
Gue., Fr. not, 17201785. 

Monccy, Mon-sa, Adrien, Fr. vff and 
ft, 17541842. 

Monge, Monj, Gaspard, an illustrious 
scientific man, geom, au of the meth- 
od known as " Descriptive Geometry," 
Fr., 17461818. 

Monk, Murjk, George, Eng. gen and 
pot, 16081670. 

Monmouth, Mon-mut, James, Duke of, 
a pretender for the throne of Great 
Britain; the attempt to seize which 
was the foundation of the revolution, 
in 1688; b. 16191685, beheaded. 

Monnet, Moh-et, Anthony Grim, Fr. 
chem, 17311817. 

Monro, Mon-r<&, Alexander, Eng. ph 
and anat, 16971767. 

Monroe, Mon-r6, James, Am. st and 
fifth pres U. S., from 1817 to 1825; 
Va., 17581831. V-Pres., D. D. 

Montague, Mon-ta-gq,, Charles, earl of 
Halifax, Eng. st, 16611715. 

Montague, John, fourth earl of Sand- 
wich, dip,tit and au, Eng.,1718 1792. 

Montaguo, Basil, an English law and 
wr, 17701851. 

Montague, Lady Mary Wortley, an 
English wr and friend of Addison, 
Pope, etc., 16901762. [1800. 

Montague, Elizabeth, wr Eng., 1720 

Montaigne, Mon-tan, Michel, Seigneur 
Do, French essa, 15331592. 

Hontcalm, Mont-k6,m, Louis Jos. De, 
Marquis of St. Krau, French gen, 

Montecuculli, Man-ta-km-kA-le, Ray- 
mond De, Modenese gen GOT., 1608 

Montesquieu, M6n-tas-ke, Carl De S., 
Baron De. Fr. phil and au. 1689 

Montezuma, Mon-ta-zi^-mfl, or Mon- 

ta-trfi-mq.,) last Indian emp of Mex., 

stoned to death at the time of the 

Spanish invasion, 1520. 
Montfauoon, Mont-fa-k6n, Bernard De, 

Fr., critic and antiq, 1655 1741. 
Montgolfier, Mont-gol-fi-n, Jacques 

Etie., the inventor of air-balloons, 

Montgomery, Mont-gtim-er-i, James, 

poet Eng., 17711854. 
Montgomery, Richard, major-gen Am. 

army, 1737 k. 1775. 
Montgomery, Geo. Wash., Am. nov and 

trans, 1841. [1828. 

Monti, M6n-te, Vincen?o,/wrt It.. 1753 
Monti, Raffaelle, Italian teulft, 1819 
Montmorency, Monf-mo-r^fi!', Duke of, 

Henry II., French adm, 15951632. 
Montrose, Mont-rc&z, James G., Marquis 

of, dist. royalist under Charles I., 

Eng., 1645. 
Montucci, Mon-t<f>-ke, Antonio, philnl 

and au, Italy, 17621829. [1799. 
Montucla, M6n-te-klq, Fr. math, 1725 
Moore, Mor, Edward, an Knglish poet 

and dram wr, 17121757. [1802. 
Moore, John, ph and aw Scot., 1730 
Moore, Sir John, Brit, gen, and the 

subject of the celebrated stanzas of 

Wolf. 1761 k. 1809. 
Moore, Thomas, British poet and wr, 

Mora,'M6-rq, Joseph J., Sp.poet and 

au S. Am., 1783. 
Moratin, Mo-r^-ten, N. F. De, and L. 

F. De. Sp. dram poets, 17JT 1760, 

17801828. [1833. 

More, Mor, Hannah, Eng. tor, 1744 
More, Henry, Eng. dir, 16141687. 
More, Sir Thomas, Eng. au and ft, 

Moreau, Mor-6, Jean Michel, designer 

and engraver Fr., 17411814. 
Moreau, Jean Victor, Fr. gen, 1763 

Morell, M6r-el, Thomas, Eng. critic 

and lextCHO, 17031784. 
Moreto y Cabana, Mo-ra-to e Kq-boj- 

nq, Don Augustin, Sp. dram poet 

17th cen. [17551799. 

Morgan, Mor-gan, Daniel, Am. gen Va., 
Morgan, Wm., Eng. math and wr. 

Morghen, Mar-gnn, Raphael, engraver 

Naples, 1758 d. 
Morier, M6r-er. James, Eng. trav and 

nor, 17801648. 
Morison, Mor-i-son. Robert. Eng. p\ 

and lot, 1620-1383. 



Merits, Mor-its, Charles, P., Ger. wr 
1757179:5. [1764 1804. 

Morland, Moir-land, George, Eng. pt 

Morland, Sir Samuel, Eiig. at and mech, 
1025 1598. 

Mornay, Mor-na, Philip de, Fr. st and 
wr, 1549 1(523. [dreams, &c. 

Morpheus, Mjr-fe-us, fab, god of sleep, 

Morris, M6r-is, Gouverneur, Aui. *and 
wr N-Y., 1752181.6, 

Morris, Robert, supt of the finances of 
the U. S., during the Revolutionary 
war, and signer Dec. of Lid.. Pa., 

Morris, George P., Am. wr N-Y., 1802 

Mora, Morz, fab, goddess of death. 

Mortier, Misr-ti-a, Edmund, A. C. J., 
Fr. marshal, 176818:55. 

Morton, Mor-ton, Nathaniel, Am. au 
Mass., 16121685. 

Morton, MJr-ton, Samuel G., Am. nat 
and ethno. Pa., 1851. [1838. 

Morton. Thomas, Eng. dram, 1764 

Moses, Mo-zez, lawgiver of the Jews, 
Eg., 1571 B. C. " 

Mosheira, MuM-hjra, John L. Von, Ger. 
hint and phil wr, 1694 1755. 

Motherwell, Miid-er-wel, Wm., Scottish 
poet and ed, 17981835. 

Molt, Mot, Valentine, M. D., LL. D., 
Am. surgeon, N-Y., 1785. 

Motley, M6t-li, John Lethrop, Am. 
hist who has recently distinguished 
himself by a very able and beauti- 
fully written history of "The Rise 
of the Dutch Republic." N-Y. 

Mottley, M6t-li, John, Eng. biog wr, 

Mortimer, Mer-ti-mer, Thomas, com- 
mercial wr and au Eng., 1740 1809. 

Moultrie, Mol-tre, Wm., Am. off S. C., 
1805. [N-Y., 1807 . 

Mount, Mynt, William S., Am. art 

Mountfort, Mint-fort, William, Eng. 
actor and dram wr, 1659 k. 1692. 

Mourad-Bey, Mun-rad-Ba, chief of the 
Mamelukes, 17501801. 

Mozart, Mij-zqrt, (or Gor. Mots-qrt,) 
Johann, C. W. Gott., master of mus, 
and mvs comp, Ger., 1756 1792. 

Mudie, Mcb-de, R >bert, Scot, au, in 
nat hint, 1777 1812. 

Mudge, Muj, M. D., F. R. S., mech, and 
au, 1793. 

Muller, Miil-er, Carl Ottfried, Ger. 
arc/iat and au, 1797 1840. 

Muller, Gerard Fred., Ger. trail and 

wr and Rus. hist, 17051783. 
Muller, John, Ger. ast, 1436 1476;. 
Muller, John Von, Swiss, hist 1752 

1809. [-1784. 

Muller, Othon Fred., Danish a*. 1730 
Muncer or Muntzer, Mubnt-ser, Saxon 

div, church re/ and social leveller, 

beheaded 1525. 
Miinro, Alex., M. D., a skilful anat and 

ph Scot., 17331817. [1836. 

Munster, Miin-ster, Coun, st Hanover, 
Muntz, Munts, George Fred., Eng., 

merch and pol reformer, 1794 
Murat, Me-rq. Joachim, Fr. gen and k 

of Naples, 1767 sh. 1815. 
Muraturi, Min-rq-t-6-re, Louis Anthony, 

It. hint and antiq, 16721750. 
Murillo, MiD-rel-yii, Bartholoine E., Sp. 

pt, 16181682. 
Murphy, Miir-fi, Arthur, dram and 

misc wr, Ir., 17271805. 
Murray, Miir-a, Alexander, Scotch 

linguist and au, 1775 1813. 
Murray, Hugh, Scot, geo wr, 1779 

1846. [1820. 

Murray, John, ph, chem and wr Scot., 
Murray, Rev. John, father of the Uni- 

versalist denomination, b. Eng., 1741 

1815, U. S. 
Murray, John, F. S. A., Eng. pub, 

17781843. [1826. 

Murray, Lindley, Eng. gram, 1745 
Murray, Win. Vans, Am. dip Md.. 1762 

Murray, Nicholas, D. D., Am. wr N- 

Y., better known by the nom </d 

plume, " Kirwan;" b. 1802 
Muses, Mi\z-ez, fob, nine daughters of 

Jupiter, mistresses of all the sciences, 

presidents of musicians, and poets, 

and governesses of the feasts of tho 

Musgrave, Mus-grav, Sir Richard, ltwt, 

an Ir. hist, 17531818. 
Musschenbroek, Miis-Aen-bntk, Peter 

Van, Dutch nat, phil and math, 

Musset. Me-sa, Alfred De, Fr. poet. 

1810 ' 
Mustapha, Miis-tq-fq, I., ascended tho 

Turkish throne, 1617 strangled 

1623. II., asc. 1695 dethroned 

1703. III., aso. 17571774. 
Mutis, McD-tes, Joseph Celestino, Sp. 

nat, 17311808. 




Nahl, NoJ, Johann Aug., Prussian snip, 

17191781. [ers, &c. 

Naiados, Nu-ya-dpz./aA, nymphs of riv- 
Napier, Na-per, Lieut. Gun. Sir Chas. 

James,/,/ Br. army, 1782185:5. 
Napier, Sir Charles, adni Br. navy, 

Napier, John, Baron of Merohiston, 

i/iv of logarithms, and math! an, 

Scot., 1550 1617. 
Napier, Macvcy, ed "Encyclopcdli 

Britannica," and of the ''Edinburgh 

Review," Scot., 1847. 
Naples, Na -pi /., Ferdinand II., k of 

the two Sicilies, b. 1810 succeeded 

to the throne in 1830. 
Napoleon Bonaparte, Na-pa-le-on Bci- 

na-pqrt, emp Fr., 17(58, died at St. 

Helena, 1821. 
Narbonne Lnra, Nqr-bon Lq,-rq, Louis 

Count, aid-de-camp to Napoleon, 

Narcissus, Nqr-sis-us, fab, a beautiful 

youth, who, falling in love with his 

own shadow in the water, pined 

away into a daffodil. [1555. 

Nardi, N^r-de, Jacopo, It. "hist, 1476 
Nares, N^rz, Robert, Eng. critic and 

thed, 1829. 
N.iru.szcwicz, Nqr-<Dj-a-vec, Adam 

Stamslans, hint and poet Poland, 

Narvaez, Nqr-vq-afc, Don Ramon, Duke 

of Valencia, Sp. pol, 1795 
Nash, NaJ, Francis, brig-gen Am. army, 

1777 killed. 

Nash, John. Eug. arch, 17521835. 
Nasmyth, Na-suiifi, Alex., Scot, l-pt, 

Nassau, Na-sa, Adolph, Duke of, 1817 

assumed government 1839. 
Naude, Nx-de, Philip, Ger. math, 1654 

Naudct, N6-da, Thomas Chas., Fr. l-pt 

Naumann, Ns-mqn, Johann Got., Ger. 

mus com.p, 1741 1801. 
Navarre, Na-vo/, Henry of, [Henry IV.] 

k of Fr., 1553 ascended the throne 

Neal, Nel, Joseph C. an Am. wr, an of 

the " Charcoal Sketches." Pa., 1807 


Neal, John, Am. wr Me., 1794 
Keander, Na-^n-der, Johann Aug., 

Church lint, Ger., 17891850. 

Necker, Nek-er, James, Fr. min and 

pol, 17321804. 
Necker, Madame, wife of the above, 

dist. for her philanthropy and learn- 
ing, 17391796. 
Nelson, Ne"l-son, Horatio, Eng. adm, 

17581805. [ed, 1759 . 

Nelson, Samuel, an "Irish patriot" and 
Nelson, Thomas, Am. gen,ni\A '/'"' Va., 

signer Dec. of JW.,'l738 17 89. 
Ncpos, Ng-pos, Cornelius, Latin hist, 

fl. 75 B. C. 

Neptune, Nep-tn,n, fab, god of the sea. 
Ntro, Claud. Domit. Csesiir, emp and 

tyrant Rome, slew himself A. D. 68. 
Nestoij comma/i at siege of Troy, said 

to have lived 300 years. [1737. 
Neumann, N<f-mqn, Caspar, Ger. chem, 
Neureuther, Ner-rflf-ta/, Eugene, Ger. 

art, 1806 
Newcomen, Nq,-ko-men, Thomas, the 

first to improve the steam-engine, 

Eng., 17th cen. 
Newland, Peter, Dutch math and a, 

Newton, Sir Isaac, math *nd not phil, 

au '-Principia," etc., Eug , 1642 o. s. 

Ney, Na, Michel, Marshal nf the 

French emp., Duke of Elch'.vigen, 

Prince of the Moskwa, 1769- -sh. 

1815. [B. Cl. 

Nicander, Greek pnet and med wr, 140 
Niceron, Nes-a-ron, John Peter, Fr. 

liog au, 16851738. 
Nicholas, Piiuloritch, emp Russia, 1796 

c. 18241855. 
Nicholls, Charlotte, [" Currer Bell,"] 

Eng. av, 1855. 
Nicholls, Frank, M. D., F. R. S., Eng. 

ph and au, 16991779. 
Nichols, John, antiq and muc wr, con- 
ductor of the "Gentleman's Maga- 
zine," 17441828. 
Nicholson, James, of Am. navy, Md., 


Nicholson, John B., Am. com, 1846. 
Nicholson, William, wr on chera. and 

nat. phil.*., Eng.. 17581815. 
Nicolai, Nik-u-la, Chris. Fred., Ger. 

au and bvl-*fller, 17331811. 
Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris, antiq 

Scot., 17991848. 

Nicole, Francis, Fr. math, 16831748. 
Niebuhr, N-bur, Carsten, Uer. trav, 




Niebuhr, Barthold Geo., son of the 

preceding, hid, philol and dip, 1776 


Nield, James, Eng. pMan, 1744 1814. 
Niemeyer, Ns-mj-er, Aug. Herman, 

Ger. educational and miscellaneous 

wr, 17541828. 
Nieuwiand, Ne-m-lqnd, Peter, Dutch 

lor on nat. phil. and mathematics, 

Ninus, Nj-nus, found Assyrian empire, 

husband of Semiramus, 2164 13. C. 
Niobe, Ni-o-be, fab, wife of Amphion, 

who, preferring herself to Latona, 

had lior 14 children killed by Diana 

and Apollo, and wept herself into a 

statue. [2029 B. C. 

Noah, Na-a, saved from the flood, 
Noah, Mordecai M., Am. jour N-Y., 

17851851. [17841827. 

Noble, Mark, Eng. hist and king wr, 
Noehden, Ne-den, George Henry, Ger. 

wr, 17701826. [1823. 

Nollekens, Joseph, Eng. sculp, 1737 

Nollet, N61-a, John Antoine, Fr. nat 

phil, 1770 d. 
Noodc, Noodt, Gerard, civilian Holland, 

Norris, John, Eng. meta phil and div, 

North, Frederic, Earl of Guildford, 

Lord, Eng. ft, 17321792. 
Northcote, Nert-kot, James, Eng. pt, 

Norton, Andrews, Am. poet and prose 

urr Mass., 1786 [wr. 

Norton, Mrs. Caroline. Eng. pott and 
Nott, John, M. D., poet and ori Eng., 

Nott, Eliphnlet, D. D., wr, and pres 

Union College, N-Y., 1773 
Nox, Noks, fab, the most ancient of 

Nuck, Nek, Anthony, Dutch anat and 

med wr, 1692. 
Nunez De Balboa, Nif>-net Dn Bql-bo-q, 

Sp. disc Pacific Ocean, by crossing 

the Isthmus of Darien, in 1513. 


Oberlin, John Fred., "Pastor of Wald- 

bach," an earnest laborer in the 

cause of education and the arts of 

civilization : Ger.. 17401826. 
Oberlin, Jeremiah James, Ger. philol 

and antiq, 17351806. 
O'Brien, O-brj-en, Win. Smith, " Irish 

patriot," 1806 
Ockhani, Qk'ara, William of, British 

meta phil, 14th cen. 
Oukiey, Ok'li, Simon, uri and wEng., 

O'Connell, O-kon-el, Daniel, Irish or 

and patriot, 17751847. 
OJe?oalchi, O-das-kql-ke, Marc A., It. 

philan, 1670. 
Odin, war, poet, priest and monarch, 

Den., after death worshipped as a 

god, 70 B. C. 
Oeder, E'di.T, Geo. Christ., ph, lot and 

av, Ger., 17281791. 
Oehlcnsehloeger, <D-len-M(f>-ger, Adam, 

Danish dram poet, 1777 1850. 
Oetinger. E'tin-Aer, Fred. Christopher, 

Ger. philol, 17021782. 
Oge, O-^a, a Creole of St. Domingo, 

founder of the Haytian revolution, 

1790, killed. 
Oglethorpe, CO'gl-terp, James, Brit, gen, 

found Georgia, died in Eug., 1785. 

O'Keefe, O-ksf, John, dram Ireland, 

Oken, O'kn, Lorenz, Swiss nat and 

au, 17781851. 
Olafsen, O-lqf-sen, Stephen, trans the 

Edda and Voluspa, Iceland, 1688. 
Oldenburg, Ol'den-bia/'g, Angustus- 

Paul-Fred., Grand-Duke of, 1783 
Oldbfun, John, Eng. poet, 1653 1683. 
Olivan, 01--vqn, Don Alesandro De, 

Spanish publicist. 
Omar I., caliph of the Saracens, assas. 


Onosander, Greek au, A. D., 50. 
Opie, Q'pe, John, hist pt, Erig., 1761 

Opie, Amelia, wife of the above, au, 

Orange, William of Nassau, Prince of, 

fovnd Dutch republic, 1533 as. 1584. 
Origcn, a father of Christian church, 

Alexandria, 185 254. 
Orion, Q-ri-on, fab, a mighty hunter. 
Orleans, 0r-le-an </r Or'le-anz, d-uke- 

dom, and titular name borne by the 

princes of the blood royal in Franco, 

of which there are two houses : 

1. Commencing with Louis I. of Fr., 

1393; 2. Commencing with Philip I,, 




Orleans, Louis Philippe Jos., Due D', 

father of the late king, and singu- 
larly enough, a republican, 1747 

ex. 1793. 

Oruio, Robert, Eng. hist, 17281801. 
Ormond, James B., Duke of, Eng. ft, 

Orpheus, Or'fe-u?, Greek poet, mus and 

ph, fl. before Homer. 
Orville, 6r-vel, James Philip D', clas 

wr Holland, 16961751. 
Ossian, OJ'i-an, Gaelic putt, 3d cen. 
Ossoli, Os-o-le, the Countess, better 

known as Margaret Fuller, Am. au 

Mass., 18101850. 
Otho I., k Greece, 1815 c. 1832 
Otho, O'to, Marcus Salvius, emp of 

Rome, in 69. I., II., III., IV., 

empe Ger., 936 to 1218. 
Otis, James, Am.rf Mass., 17251783. 
Otranto, O-trqn-to, Jos. Fouche, Duke 

of, min of Police, Fr., 17631820. 
Ottley, Orli, Win. Young, F. It. S., 

Brit, art and au, 17721836. 
Otto, O-Ua, Louis Win., Count de Mos- 

loy, Fr. dip, 1754 d. [16511685. 
Otwuy, Ot'wa, Thomas, Eng. diam,^ 

Oudinot, (D-dan-6, Chas Nicholas, 

Duke of Reggio, marshal Fr.. 1767 

Ouvrard, (Dv-rq"rd, Rene", Fr. div, pott, 

math, and mtis, 101)4. 
Overbeck, Frederick, Gt-r. art, 1789 
Ovid, (J'vid, Publius Naso, Unman 

p,jtt, fl. A. D. 12. 
Oviedo, O-vi-a-do, John G., Spanish 

tiat, 1540. [1683. 

Owen, John, D. D., Eng. div, 1616 
Owen, Robert Dale, AID. wr, pol ttteo- 

rit>t, and pol, la. 
Owen, William, Eng. por-pt, 1769 


Owen, Robert, pol theorist Eng., 1771 
Owen, Richurd, F. It. 8., Eng , nur, nat 

and '/'/. 
Oxenstierna, Oks-en-ster-nq, Axel, 

Count, st Sweden, 1583 1654. 
Ozanatu, Oz-a-nqtn, Jumes, Fr. math, 

Oawtikoffcky, Oz - er - fits - kof -ski, 

Nicholas Yak., Rus. savant and tii, 

Ozeroff, Yludislas AlcxandroviUch, 

Rus. tragic poet, 17071816. 


Paaw. Pqv, Peter, Dutch pit, and bol, 

Pacheco, Pq-c;a-ko, Don Joaquin Franz, 

Sp.jour, a'u and poet, 1808 
Paciandi, Pq-qe-qn-de, Pnul Mnria, 

Italian antiq and hint, 1710 1785. 
Paez, Pq-fit Ji.-e Antonio, ex-pres Ven- 
ezuela, 1790 
Paganini. Pq-gq-ne-ne, Nicolo, Italian 

viol. 17841840. 

Page, William, Am. por-pt Jf-Y., 1811 
Paine, Robert Treat, Am. law, and 

signer DM. </ Ind., 17311811. 
Paine, ThomiiH, jml wr and Mb crit, 

Pa., 1737-1809. 
Paisiello, Pj-zs-u-lo, Giovanni, Italian 

rtivs com/', 1741 1818. 
Pulatox-Y-Meizi, Pq-lq-f<a-8-Ma-e-te, 

Sp. qen, the defender of Sanigossu, 

Paley, Pa-li, Wm., D. D.. Eng. div and 

wr on ethics. 17431805., De Beauvois, Pal-e-so De 

BGI-VWO, A in bruise M.. F. J., Fr. nat, 

Palissy, Pq-lf-se, Bernard De, French 

chein, 1500. 

Palladio, Pq-lq-de-o, Andrea, It. arch, 

Pallas, Pq-lqs, Peter Simon, trar find 
wa^Ger., 1741 1811. [17811850. 

Pnlaiella, Pqui-el-u, Duke i f, */ Port., 

Palmersion, Pqm-er-ston, Henry Tem- 
ple, Viscount, Eng. st, 1784 

Pandora, Pun-do-ra, fab, the first 
woman made by Vulcan, and en- 
dowed with gifts by all the deities; 
Jupiter gave her a box containing 
all manner of evils, war, famine, &c., 
with hope at the bottom. 

Paoli, Pq-6-le, Pascal, Corsican at, 

Papin, Pq-pun, Dcnys, Fr. nat, phil 
and ph, 1710. 

Paracelsus. Piir-a-s^I-sus, Aureolus Phi- 
lippus TheophrastuM, &c., Swiss ph 
and phil wr, 14931541. (15'JO. 

Pare, J'qr, Ambrose, Fr. %i/r, 1509 

Pareja, Pq>'-t-hq, Juan ]), /t ;\i\<\ 
*fm,Sp., 1C10 1670. [1729- 17V.I. 

Parini, Pq/'-B-ne, Joseph, Iiali.-in pt*t, 

Paris, Par- is, fab, son of Priain, who 
ran away with Helena, aud occa- 
sioned the Trijau war. 



Park, Mungo, Scottish Iran and exp in 

Africa. 1771 perished 1808. 
Parker, Rev. Theodore, Unitarian cler, 

anti-sin very ref, and wr. Muss. 
Parkes, Simuel, exper chem and au, 

Ens., 17591825. [1830. 

Parkinson, Thomas, math Eng., 1745 
Parnassus, Pqr-nas-usvA^, a mountain 

of Phocis, famouCTor a temple of 

Apollo, and being the favorite resi- 
dence of the muses. 
Parnell, Pqr-nel, Thomas, Irish poet 

and au, 16791718. 
Parr, Pqr, Samuel, div and scholar, 

Eng.. 17401825. 
Parry. Par-i, Caleb H., M. D., F.R. S., 

ph and nat, 17581822. 
Parry, Sir \Vm. Edward, Eng. nav f 

17901855. [17051770. 

Parsons, James, Eng. med and mine wr, 
Parsons, Theophilus, LL. D., law and 

chief justice. Mass., 17501813. 
Pascal, Pas-k'il,, math and nat 

phil, Fr., 18231662. 
Paskcwitch, I'as-ka-viq, Ivau Feod., 

Prince of Warsaw, 1782 
Pastor Diaz, Pqs-tor Ds-qt, Don Ni- 

comedes, Sp. poet, 1811 
Patrick, St., guard faint of Ireland, 

native of Wales, carried to Ireland, 

and converted the people to Christi- 
anity, _480. [yeol, 17421815. 
Patrin, Pa-trail, Eugene L. M., Fr. 
Paulding, Pol-dirj, James K., Am. wr 

N-Y., 1779 [1801. 

Paul, Petrowitz, tyr emp Rus., assas. 
Paul, Father, scholar and au " History 

of the Council of Trent." 
Paul, St., originally Saul, put to death 

by Nero, for preaching Christ, A. 1). 

6!>. [1272. 

Paulo, M-irco, Venetian trav in China, 
Paxton. Paks-ton, Sir Joseph, arch of 

the Crystal Palace, Scot., 1804 
Payne, Pan, John Howard, Am. wr 

and dram N-Y., 17921852. 
Peabody, Ps-bod-i, Rev. Andrew P., 

D. D., div and crit ivr Mass., 1811 
Pwquet, Pe-ka, John, Fr. anat and ph, 

discoverer of the thoracic duct and 

the receptacle of the chyle, 1674. 
Pedro I.. Pact-ro or Pe-dro, Antonio 

Joso D'Al., Don, ex-emp Brazil, 1798 


Peel, Sir Robert, Eng. st, 17881850. 
Pegasus, Peg-a-sus, fab, winged horse 

belonging to Apollo and the Muses. 
Pelagius, Pg-la-ji-us, found of a sect, 

Brit., 5th cen. I, and II., popes, 

555, 578. 

Pellico, Pal-e'-ko, Silvio, It. wr, 1789 

Pemberton, Thomas, Am. hist, 1728 
1807. [household gods. 

Penates, Pg-na-tez, fab, statues or 

Pena Y Aguayo, Pa-nq S fl-gwq-E-o, 
Don Jose De La, Sp. law and au, 

Penelope, Ps-ne'l-Gi-pE./aft, daughter of 
Icarus, celebrated for her chastity 
and fidelity during the long absence 
of Ulysses. 

Penn, William, a " Quaker," found 
Pennsylvania, 16441718. 

Pennant, Pen-ant, Thomas, Brit, nat, 

Pepusch, Pa-rKf>J, John Christ., Ger. 
theor mus. 16671752. 

Perceval. Per-se-val, Spencer, Eng. 
law and gt, 1762 sh. 1812. 

Percival, Per-si-val, James Gates, Am. 
poet Conn., 1795 

Percy. Per-si, Thomas, Eng. ed and wr f 
17291811. [and gen. 

Pericles, Per-i-klez, Athenian st, or 

Perry, James, Eng. jour, pi, I wr, and 
ed " Morning Chronicle," 17561821. 

Perry, Oliver Haz., <>ff Am. navy, R. L, 

Pestalozzi, Pes-tq-16t-se, Henry, Swiss 
educator, founder of the system of 
instruction by "objects," and ait.. 
1745 d. 

Peter, chief of the Apostles, crucified 
by Nero, head downward, A. D. 66. 

Peter, St., Itp Alexandria, martyred 311. 

Peter the First, czar Rus., and a pro- 
moter of education and the arts of 
civilization, 16721725. 

Peter, the Hermit, Fr. riff, and holy 
pilgrim, who instigated the war of 
the Crusaders, 1100. 

Pethion De Villeneuve, Pa-tE-6n Do 
Vgl-yaii-uv, Jerome, Girondist leader 
of the P>ench revolution, 1793. 

Petion, Pa-te-on, Alex. Sali'-s, a negro, 
gen, and pres republic of Iluyti, 1770 
1818. "[1750. 

Petit, Pe-tE, Jean Louis, Fr. tur, 1674 

Petrarch, Pe-trqrk, Francesco, chief 
restorer of classical learning, Tusca- 
ny, 13041374. 

Phaeton, Fa-E-ton, fab, son of Sol 
(Apollo), who asked the guidance 
of his father's chariot for one day, 
as a proof of his divine descent; but 
unable to manage the horses, set the 
world on fire, and was therefore 
struck by Jupiter with a thunder- 
bolt into the river Po. [B. C. 

Phidias, Fid-i-as, Athenian scvlp, 432 



Philemon, Fj-le-mon, comic poet, Ath- 
ens, 274 B. C. 

Philetus, Fj-le-tus, Greek pnet. 

Philip II., Fil-ip, k Mucedon, father 
.of Alex, the Great, assas. 336 B. C. 

Philip II., k Spain, bigot and tyrant, 

Philip, St., the first whom Jesus called 
as a discipla. [ 1749. 

Philips, Ambrose, Eng. poet and dram, 

Philips, John, Eng. prut, 16711708. 

Philips, Samuel, Eng. jour and mite 
wr, 18151854. [ref Mass. 

Philips, Wendell, Am. tavant, or and 

Phillpotts, Henry, champion of the 
Eng. High-Church party, 1777 

Philo, Fj-lo, Indteus, Greek wr on 
rnor. philos., fl. A. D. 40. 

Philo.-tratus, Fj-los-tra-tus, Greek 
gophiat and crit, 244. 

Phocion, F<i-Ji-on. Athenian gen and 
phil, poisoned 318 B. C. 

Piazzi, Pe-q't-se, Guiseppe, It. aatr, 
discoverer of the planet Ceres, 1746 
1826. [172S 1801. 

Piccini, Pe-^e-ne, Nicolai, It. mus crimp, 

Pichler, PiA-ler, Caroline, posthumous 
Ger. wr, 17691843. 

Pickering, law, and chief j Sup. Ct. 
N-H., 1805. 

Pictet, Mark Aug., Swiss nat and phil, 
17521825. [k. 1815. 

Picton, Sir Thomas, K. C. B., Brit. <ff, 

Pierce, Pers, Franklin, pal, and thir- 
teenth Pres. U. S., from 185:5 to 1857; 
N-H. V-Pres., \Vm. R. King, who 
died before taking his seat. 

Pierpont, Psr-pont, Rev. J., Am. cJer, 
poet and r*/Mass., about 1776 

Pike, Zebulon Mont., off Am. army, 
N-J., k. 1813. 

Pilate, Pontius, Pon-Ji-us Pj-lat, Ro- 
man gow Judea, under whose rule 
Christ suffered death : he was ex- 
iled, and hsinged himself A. D. 37. 

Pinckney, Pink-ni, Chas. Cotosworth, 
Am. iff and dip S. C., 1825. 

Pindar, 'lyric poet, much esteemed, 
500 B. C. [17111796. 

Pingre, Pun-gr, Alex. Guy, Fr. astr, 

Pinkerton, Pin-ker-ton, John, au Scot., 

Pinkney, Pink-ni, Wm., Am. st Md., 

Piranesi, Per-qn-A-se, Giambattista, 
It. archct, 17071778. 

Pitman, Isaac, inn of Phonography, 
and experimenter in phonetic print- 
ing, Eng., 1814 [1771. 

Pilot, Pe-to, Henry, Fr. math, 1695 

Pitt, Christopher, Eng. cter and poet, 
16991748. [1806. 

Pitt, William, st and min Eng., 1759 

Pius the Ninth, Pope, was b. 1792 
assumed thn gov. 1846 

Pizarro. Pe-*q>- o, Francisco, cong of 
Peru, 15171541. 

Plato, Pla-to, Athenian phil, of great 
repute, 429348 B. C. 

Playfuir, Pla-far, John, math and nat 
phil Scot., 17491819. 

Pleimle-", Ple-ya-dtz, fab, the seven 
daughter* of Atlas and Pleione, who 
were changed into stnr.--. 

Pliny, Plin-i, Caius Secundus, most 
learned of nnc. Roman wrs, 23 79. 

Pliny, Caecilius Secundus, nephew of 
the above, laio and cr/nwl, 62 113. 

Plot, Robert, Eng. nat, 10401696. 

Plache, PlnJ, Noel A., Fr. nat and wr, 
16S8-17til. [-1854. 

Plunket, Wm. C., Lord, Brit, et, 1764 

Plutarch, Ph\-tqrk, phil and hint 
Greece, 140. 

Pluto, Ph'i-to, fab, the god of hell. 

Pocahontas. Pti-ka-hon-tns, Indian 
prince** Va., who married Mr. Rolfe, 
an Englishman ; died in Eng., 1616. 

Poinsett, Porn-set, Joel R., Am. tt S. 
C., 1851. [16461719. 

Poiret, Pwo-ra, Peter, Fr. mystic phil, 

Pole, Reginald, Eng. cardinal, and 
friend of Queen Mary, 1500 1558. 

Polignac, Pol-eg-nak, Jules, Prince De, 
rrrime min of Charles X., of France, 

Polk, Pok. James K., eleventh Pres. 
U. S., from 1845 to 1849; Tcnn., 
1849. V-Pres., Geo. M. l)nlla<, I'M. 

Pollok, P61-ok, Robert, Eng. poet, 1798 

Polwhcle, Pol-hwe-le, Rev. Richard, 
antiq, poet, hint and mi*c wr Scot., 
1760-1838. [16671703. 

Pomfret, Pom-fret, John. Eng. pr-et, 

Pomona, Po-ui(5-na, fab, the goddess 
of fruits. 

Poni|idour, Pom-pa-dcor, Jane Antoi- 
nette Poisson, a beloved mistress of 
Louis XV., 17201764. 

Pompey, Pom-pi, Cneius the Great, 
rival of Julius Caesar; being defeat- 
ed, he fled to Egypt, and was assas., 
48 B. C. 

Pompona/.r.i, Pom-po-n4t-S, It. phil, 
1462- 1524. 

Pond, John, F. R. S., Eng. astr, 1836. 

Poniatowski, Pa-ne-q-tlavs-ki, Stanis- 
laus Augustus, lost 1: of Poland, 1732 
drowned 1814. 



Pope, Alexander, poet and sat Eng., 

Person, Par-son, Richard, Eng. crit 

and classic au, 17591808. 
Porta, PeV-tq, Giovanni B. D., nat 

phil and math, inventor of the 

camera obscura, Italy, 1540 d. 
Porter, Anna Maria, nuv Eng., 1832. 
Porter, Jane, Eng. au, 17761850. 
Porter, Sir Robert Ker, Eng. art and 

wr, 17801842. 
Porter, David, coin Am. navy, Mass., 

Portugal, Maria-Da-Gloria, Queen of, 

b. 18 L9 assumed gov. 1834 
Poteuakin, Gregory Alexandrovitsch, 

Rus. prince and off, 17361791. 
Potocki, Pu)-to-ke, Claudia, Countess 

of, distinguished for her acts of 

charity in the Polish war, 18021836. 
Pott, Percival, Eng. s-ur, 17131788. 
Potter, Jno., au '"Antiquities of Greece," 

Eng., 16741747. 
Potter, Paul, Dutch pt, 16251654. 
Pouschkine, P'sJ-kjn-e, Alex., Rus. poet, 

17991837. [1665. 

Poussin, Pu>-san, Nicolas, Fr. pt, 1594 
Powers, P-s-erz, Hiram, Am. sculp, 0., 

Powhattan, Ps-hat-an, Indian chief, 

Va., father of Pocahontas, 1618. 
Pozzo Di Borgo, Pot-su De Bo/--go, 

Chas. A. Count, dip Corsica, 1768 

Prentice, Pren-tis, George D., Am. 

pott and jour, ed "Louisville Jour- 
nal," Ky., 1804 
Preissnitz, Prjs-nits, Vincent, disc of 

the Water-Cure, Prus., 17991851. 
Prescott, Pres-kot, Wm. Hickling, Am. 

hint Mass., 1796 
Prescott, Win., off Am. army, Mass., 

Prevot D'Exiles, Pre-vo Da,g-zel-a, 

Anthony Francis, a posthumous Fr. 

wr, 16971763. 
Priam, Prj-am, fab, father of Paris, 

Hector, &c.: the last king of Troy. 
Price, Dr. Richard, Eng. dio, essa and 

math, 17231791. 
Prichard, Prie-ard, James Cowles, M. 

D., Eng. ethno, 17861848. 
Priestley, Prest-li, Joseph, chem, theol, 

hift, electrician and pol. To him we 

are indebted for a knowledge of ox- 

ygen, carbonic oxide, binoxide of 
nitrogen, ammonia, muriatic acid, 
sulphurous acid, fluosilicic acid, etc., 
Eng., 17331804. 

Pringle, Prin-gl, Sir John, Eng. nat 
phil and ph, 17071782. 

Prior, Prj-or, Mathew, Eng. poet, 1664 
1721. - 

Procter, Prok-ter, Bryan W., better 
known as " Barry Cornwall," British 

Prometheus, Pro-mc-te-us, a great war, 
supposed to have been tho first dis- 
coverer of the art of striking fire by 
flint and steel, which gave rise to 
the fable of his stealing fire from 
heaven ; ft. 1687 B. C. [of Pluto. 

Proserpine, Pros-er-pjn, fah, the wife 

Proteus, Pna-te-us,/i*!>, a sea-god, who 
could transform himself into any 

Prudhomme, Pred-ora, L., ed of "Le 
Journal des Revolutions de Paris," 

Prutz, Prints, Reinhold E., Ger. poet 
and lit hist, 1810 

Prynne, Prjn, William, Puritan au, 
Eng., 16001637. [sure. 

Psyche, Sj-ke,/aft, the goddess of plea- 
Ptolemy, T61--mi, Claudius, geny, 
math, and astr, b. in Eg., A. D. 138. 

Publius Cyrus, Piib-li-us Sj-rus, Syr- 
ian slave, who distinguishing him- 
self as a poet, was set at liberty, 44 

Puffendorf, Piiif-en-derf, Samuel, Ger. 
nat, jurist and hist, 16321694. 

Pukney, Piilt-ni, Win., Earl of Bath, 
pol Eng., 16821764. 

Pulaski, Prt-lqs-ke, Count, Pole off 
Am. army, k. 1779. 

Purcell, Pur-sel, Henry, Eng. mvs, 

Putnam, Israel, Am. maj-gen Revolu- 
tionary war, Mass., 17181790. 

Pym, Pirn, John, Eng. st, 15841643. 

Pyrrhus, Pir-us, fab, son of Achilles, 
remarkable for his cruelty at the 
siege of Troy. 

Pythagoras, Pi-tag-o-ras, Grecian phil, 
590497 B. C. 

Pytheas, Pit-e-as, Greek phil, who 
discovered the difference in the 
length of days in different climates, 
384 B. C. 




Quarles, Kwq'r-les, Francis. Eng. poet, 

Quelinus, Ke-a-lin-i]s, Erasmus, Dutch 

pt, 16071(578. 
Quorlon, Ker-loh, Anno Gabriel M. DC, 

Fr.jmtr, 1702-1780. 
Quer y Martinez, Kar e Mqr-tcn-af), 

Joseph, Sp. lot, 1695 17t>4. 
Quesnay, Kes-na, Francois, Fr. pol 

earn, 17941774. 
Quesnoy, Kes-nwo, Francis Du, sculp 

Brussels, 1592 1646. 
Quevedo Villogas, Ka-va-do Vel-ya- 

gqs, Francisco De, Sp. puet and sat- 

irist, 15701647. 
Quin, Kwin, James, Br. act, 16931766. 

Quinault, Ke-n61, Philip, Fr. dram 

p<xt, 16361688. 
Quiney, Kwin-si, Josiah, Am. patriot 

and law Mass., 1775. 
Quiney, Josiah, ex-pres Harvard Uni- 
versity, et and sch Mass., 1772 
Quiney, Josiah, jr., law and jinan 

Mass., 1802 
Quinet, Ke-na, Edgnr, Fr. poet and 

hist of literature, 1803 
Quintana, Ken-tq-nq, Jose Manuel De, 

Sp. poet and hist, 1772 
Quita, Ke-tq, Domingos DOS Reis, poet 

Port., 17281770. 
Quintilian, Kwin-til-i-an, Marcus Fabi- 

us, Roui. law and crit,A.. D. 42 131. 


Rabelais, Rq-bcl-a, Francois, Fr. hum, 


Racan, Rq-kan, Honorat De B., Mar- 
quis of, Fr. poet, 15891670. 
Racine. Rq-sen, Jean, Fr. trag dram, 

J639 1699. [17641823. 

Radcliffe, Rad-klif, Ann, Eng. nor, 
Radetzky, Rq-de'ts-ki, Joseph, Count, 

comman Austrian army, 1766 
Radowitz, Rq-do-vets, Joseph Von, 

Prus. min, 1797 r 
Raeburn, Ita-burn, Sir Henry, Scot. 

art, 17561823. 
Rafu, R^-fct), Karl Christian, Icelandic 

critic and antiq, 1795 
Raglan, Rag-Ian, Lord Fitzroy James 
. H. Somerset, Baron, Eng. yen com, 

Crimean forces, 1788 1855. 
Ragofsky, Rq-g6ts-ki, Francis, prince 

of Transylvania, 16761735. 
Raimondi, Rj-mon-de, Marc Antonis, 

It. engraver, 14781540. 
Raleigh, RqMi, Sir Walter, Eng. nav, 

exp and wr, 1552 beheaded 1618. 
Raiueau, Rq-niu, Jean Philippe, Fr. 

mm tfartritt, 16831764. 
Rainier, Rqin-ler, Chos. Wm. ? Gor. 

poet and miac wr, 1725 1798. 
Ramniohun Roy, Ram-o-un Her, 15:ijah, 

phil and reformer, Br. Ind., 1774 

Ramond De Carbonnieros, Ra-mond 

Da Kqr-bon-e-ra, Louis F. E., Baron, 

Fr. phil and geol, 17751827. 

Ramsay, Ram-za, Allan, Scottish poet, 

Ramsay, David, Am. ph and hivt, S. C., 

Ramsden, Ramz-den, Jesse, opt and 

math instrument maker, Eng., 1735 

Rarnus, Rq-rnes, Peter, Fr. meta phil, 

and wr, 1515 1572. 
Randolph, Ran-dolf, John, of Roanoke, 

Am. at Va., 17731833. 
Ranke, Rqn-ka, Leopold, Ger. hist, 

Raphael, Rd-fa-el, Santi, the "prince 

of painters," It.. 14831520. 
Raphall, Raf-al, Morris J., M. A., Ph. 

Dr., a rabbi preacher, N-Y., und em. 

wr, 1798 
Raspail, Rqs-pal, Francois V., Fr. ivr 

on the not sciences, and a rfpiib /, 

1794 [17221805. 

Rattc, llqt, Etionno Hy. De, Fr. axt, 
Kauch, H-sA, Christian, Ger. sculp, 

Rauuier, Rtf-mer, Fred. Lud. Qeo. 

Von. Ger. hint and trav, 1781 
Ray, Ra, Joseph, pri-f and an math 

works, Ohio, b. Va.,' 1807 1855. 
Ray, liev. John, lot and soul Eng., 

Raynul, Ra-nql, Wra. Thorn. F., Fr. 

hist and pul wr, 17111796. 
Reach, Req, Augus B., Scottish jour 

and au, 1821 



Reaumur, R(5-me, Rene An. F. De, 

phil nat, Fr., 1633 d. 
Reboul, Ra-bii>l, Jean, "the baker 

poet," Fr., 1796 

Redesdale, Red-es-dal, John F. M., 

Baron, Eng. law ami st, 17481830. 

Redfield, Red-feld, William C., Am. 

meteor Conn., 1789 

Redgrave, Red-grav, Richard, En", pt, 

1804 [16261698. 

Redi, Ra-ds, Francis, It., ph and nat, 

Reding, Red-in, Aloys, Baron Von, 

Swig*, gen, 1755 1818. 
Reed, Red, Henry, Am. tor Pa., perished 

at sea, 1854. _ [17421807. 

Reed, Isaac, critic and misc wr Eng., 
Reed, Joseph, Am. rev and mem of 

Congress, Pa., 1781. 1 1632 1707. 
Regis, Ra-XE, Pierre S., Yr.--meta phil, 
Regius, Ra-Ag-UM, Urban, Ger. poet 

and controversialist, 1541. 
Regnault, Ran-yol, Michel L. S., Fr. 

st 17601819. [17361814. 

Regnault, Noel, math and phil, Fr., 
Regnier, Ran-yer, Maturin, Fr. poet 

and satirist, 1573 1613. 
Rogulus, Reg-yq,-lus, Marcus Attitius, 

Horn, gen, put to death 251 B. C. 
Reicha, Rj-Aq, Antoine Jos., Ger. mus 

comp, 17701836. 
Reiehardt, Rj-qrt, Johann Fried., Ger. 

mus comp, 1752 1814. 
Reichenbach, RjA-en-bqA, George of. 

an artist dist. in ma/>,uf astro and 

philo instruments, Gar., 17721826. 
Reichstadt, RjA-stqt, Napoleon Fran. 

Chas. Jos. Bonaparte, Due De, only 

son of Napoleon, 18111832. 
Reid, Red, Thomas, Scottish phil, 1710 

Reid, Col. Sir William, Royal eng and 

naat wr, 1791 
Reinhold, Ilia-holt, Erasmus, Ger. 

math and ast, 1511 1553. 
Reiske, Rjs-ke, John James, philol 

and orientalist, Ger., 1718 1774. 
Reisiiger, Rjs-ig-er, Karl Got., Ger. 

mas comp, 1798 [17331790. 

Reiz, Rjtg, Frederic W., Ger. philol, 
Rembrandt Van Rhyn, Retn-brqat Fqn 

Rjn, Paul, Dutch /it and emira, 1606 

Remuaat, Ra-ma>-s4, Jean Pierre A., 

Fr. ling, 17881832. 
Rene, Ru-na, of Anjou, the last of his 

dynasty who sat on the throne of 

Naples, 14091470. [17611821. 
Rennie, Ren-e, John, civil eng Eng., 
Retz, Ret, Jean F. P. Da Gondi, Card- 
inal De, Yt.pol and wr, 16141679. 

Retzsch, R^ts-J, Moritz, Oter. art, 1779 
Reuchlin, RerA-lin, John, Ger. philol, 

Rey, Ra, John, Fr. pneumatic chem 

and ph, 1645. 
Reyneau, Ra-no, Chas. Rene, Fr. 

math, 16561728. 

Reynolds, Ren-oldz, Sir Joshua, found 
of the Eng. school of painting, 1723 

Rhigas, Rs-gqs, a modern Greek pat- 
riot, 17531798. 

Rhyne, Rj-ne, Win. Fen., Dutch pA 
and nat, 1640 d. 

Ricardo, Ri-kqr-do, David, Eng. pol 
econ, 17721823. 

Rich, Ricj, Claudius James, Eng. trav 
and orientalist, 1787 1821. 

Richard, Riq-ard, I., the " Lion-heart- 
ed," b. 1157 k of Eng. from 1189 
to 1199 the time of his death. 

Richard, II., b. 1366 k of Eng. from 
1356 lo 1399. 

Richard, III., the most execrable Eng. 
prince, b. 1452 k from 1484 to 1485. 

Richard, Claude Louis, Fr. lot, 1754 
1821. [1761. 

Richardson, Samuel, Eng. nov, 1689 

Richardson, Win., pcet and misc wr, 
Scot., 1814. 

Richelieu, RiJ-el-c, Armand J. Da 
Plessis, Cardinal, Fr. min. 1585 

Richter, RiA-ter, Jean Paul Friedrich, 
Ger. wr and aa, 17631825. 

Riego, Re-a-go, Rafael Del, Sp. pat- 
riot of, 17851823. 

Rienzi, Re-end-ze, Nicolas Gabrini de, 
a man of low estate, who raised him- 
self to sovereign power in Rome<, 
1310 1354. [1838. 

Ries, RES, Ferdinand, Ger. mus, 1784 

Rigaud, Ri-god, Stephen Peter, ast 
Eng., 17751839. 

Ritchie, Riq-i, Thomas, Am. pol and 
ed of "Richmond Enquirer," Va. 

Rittenhouse, Rit-en-hus, David, math 
Pa., 17321798. 

Ritter, Rit-er, John Win., Ger. phil 
and wr, 17761810. 

Rivaroi, Riv-qr-wo, Anthony, Count 
De, Fr. wr, 17571801. 

Rivas, Re-vqs, Angel De S., Duque 
De, poet, dram and pt, Sp., 1791 

Rivaz, Re-vq, Peter Jos. De, Fr. mec& 
and cAi'unoloijer, 17111772. 

Riviere, Rs-vi-^r, Meroier De La, Fr. 
pol econ, 1747 1794. 

Rivinus, Riv-in-us, Augustas Q., Ger. 
hot, 16521723. 



Robert, Rob-^r, Peter Fran. Jos., Fr. 

ft and wr, 1743 d. 
Robert, Hubert, Fr. pt, 17321803. 
Robert- Floury, Fler, Joseph Nicolas, 

Fr. pt, 1797 
Robertson, Rob-ert-son, Dr. Wm., 

Scottish hist and derg, 17291793. 
Robespierre, Rob-es-per, Francois Jo- 
seph M. J., the chief actor in the 

French revolution, and celebrated 

for his cruelty, 1759 guil. 1794. 
Robin Hood, Rob-in Hud, capt band 

of robbers, Eng., 1247. 
Robins, R6b-inz, Benjamin, Eng. math 

wr, 17071751. 
Robinson, R6b-in-son, Mary, Eng. poet 

and misc wr, 17581800. 
Robinson, Thomas, Eng. not and derg, 

Robinson, R6b-in-son, Edward, D. D., 

LL. D., Am. scholar, Conn., 1794 
Robison, R6b-i-son, John, Scottish wr 

on nai phil, 17391805. 
Robson Geo. Fennel, draughtsman and 

Ipt, Eng., 1833. 
Roby, Hcj-bi, John, Eng. banker, poet, 

and hist, 1850. 
Rochambeau, Ro-Jam-b(G, Jean B. D. 

De Vimeur, Count De, Fr. off. 1725 

Roche jaquelein, Ro-fa-ja-ke-lan, Henri 

De La, chief of La Vendee, 1773 

k. 1794. 
Rockingham, R6k-in-ham, Charles W. 

W., second Marquis of, Eng. at and 

pc,l, 1730-1782 
Rodney, R6d-ni, George B., Lord, Eng. 

adm, 1792. [1644. 

Roe, Ro, Sir Thomas, Eng. st, 1580 
Roebuck, KJ>-buk, John, Eng. ph and 

natphil, 17181794. 
Roeback, John Arthur, radical Eng. 

pol, 1801 
Roeiner, Re-mer, Olaus, Danish aftr, 

discoverer of the velocity of light, 

16441710. [1732. 

Rogers, Roj-erz, Woods, Eng. nav, 
Rogers, Samuel, Eng. poet and banker, 

Rogers, John, Eng. div martyred in 

the persecuting reign of Mary, at 

Smithfield, 1555. 
Renault, Ito-ul, James, Fr. math and 

natphil, 16201675. 
Roland De La Platiere, Rol-^nd De 

Lq Plq-ter, Jean Marie, Girondist 

min of Fr., 17321793. 
Roland, Manon Jeanne P., the wife 

of the above and dist. as pol wr, 

1754 g. 1793. 

Rollin, Rol-an, Charles, Fr. hist. 1661 

Romanzoff, Rcj-man-zof, Peter Alex., 
Count, Russian gen, 17301796. 

Romanzoff, Michael Paul, Count, Rus. 
dip, 18. 

Rome De L'lsle, Rom De Lei, John 
Baptist L., Fr. miner, 17361790. 

Romilly, R6m-i-li, Sir Samuel, Kng. 
st, 17571818. [1302. 

Roniney, R6m-ni, George, Eng. pt, 1734 

Romulus, R6m-yn,-lus, found and first 
k of Rome, 715 B. C. 

Rosa, R<i-sq, Salvator, Sp.poet,pt and 
mus, 16151673. 

Rosa, Francisco M. De La, st, or, poet, 
dram and hist Sp., 1739 

Rosas, Ro-so^s, Don Juan Manuel, the 
dictator who ruled the Argentine 
Republic 23 years, b. 1783 

Roscoe, R6s-ko, Win., Eng. biog and 
misc wr, 1831. 

Roscoe, Henry, son of the above, Eng. 
wr and law, 18001836. 

Rose, Roz, George, st and pol wr, Eng., 

Rosellini, Ro-sel-l-ne, Ippolito, It. 
archx, 18001843. 

Rosenkranz, Roz-en-kr^nts, Johann 
Karl Fried., Ger. phil, 1805 

Ross, Ro.s, Sir James Clark, Eng. Artie 
nav, 1800 

Rosse, Ros, Wm. Parsons, Earl of, 
man of science, and projector of the 
largest telescope constructed up to 
this time; pres of the Royal Society, 
Eng., 1800 

Rossi, R<b-se, Pellegrino, Count, noble 
victim of the popular cause in Italy, 

Rossini, Ro-se-ne, Gioachimo, It. mus 
cotnp, 1792 

Rosslyn, Roz-lin, Alex. W., Earl of, 
law and st, Scot., 17331805. 

Rostopschin, Ros-t6p-skin, Fendor, 
Count, Rus. st and </, 17601826. 

Rothermul, R6d-er-mel, Peter F., Am. 
art, b. 1817 

Rothschild, Rots-qild, House of, f<nind 
of this world-controlling financial 
eKtablisbment was Mayer Ansclm 
Rothschild, a native of Frankfort, 
Ger., and money-changer, b. 1740 
1812. His sons were five in number, 
Anselm, Nathan, Solomon, James de, 
and Charles; all arc now living with 
the exception of Nathan, who died 
1836. The heads of the house are 
stationed at Frankfort, Vienna, Na- 
ples, Paris and London. 



Rotteek, Ro-tek, Charles Von, Ger. 
hist, 17751848. 

Roubilliac, Roj-bsl-yi-ak, Louis Fran- 
cis, Fr. tculp, 1762. 

Rouelle, Rcf>-el, Win. Francis, chem Fr., 

Rouget De Lisle, R<D-|$et De Lei, Jo- 
seph, wr and cnmp of the " Marseil- 
laise," and a Fr. </, 1760-1836. 

Rousseau, Rco-sta, Jean Baptiste, Fr. 
lyric poet, 166917. 

Rousseau, Jean Jacques, phil and poet 
Fr., 1712-1778. 

Rowe, Ro. Nicholas, pott and dram wr 
Eng., 16731718. 

Roxburgh, Uoks-burg, William, ph and 
lot Scot., 17591815. [1847. 

Roy, R-wo, Count Antoine, Fr. st, 1764 

Royur-Collard, R-wo-^r-Kol-qrd, Pierre 
Paul, Fr. phil, 17631845. 

Rozier, Ro-zer, Francis, Fr. lot and 
agri wr, 17341793. 

Rubens, Rob-benz, Peter Paul, the 
great master-pi, b. at Cologne. 1577 

Rubini, Ro>-bE-ne, Giambatista, tenor 
opera singer It., 1795 1854. 

Rueellai, Raj-gel-}. Bernard, It. st and 
hist, 14491525. 

Ruckert, Rrf>-kert, Frederick, Ger. poet, 

Rugendas, Rco-gen-dqs, Geo. Philip, 

Ger. lattU-pt, 16661742. 
Runs, ROMS, Frederick, Ger. hist, 1780 

Ruschenberger, Rtf>J-en-ber-ger, W. S. 

W., M. D., sura and wr L. S. navy. 

Pa., 1807 
Rush, RuJ, Dr. Benj., Am. ph, scholar, 

philan, patriot, au, and signer Dec. 

of Ind., Pa., 1741 1813. 
Rush, Richard, son of the above, ex- 

min and pol Pa., 1780. 
Russell, Ros-el, Lord Wm., Eng. st, 

1639 ex. 1683. [1792 . 

Russel, Lord John, Eng. st and min, 
Russia, Ro>-Ji-a, Alexander II., emp of, 

succeeded to the government 1855. 
Rutherford, Rud-er-ford, Daniel, Scot. 

nat, phil and ph, 17491819. 
Rutledge, Rdt-lej, Edward, Am. st, 

and signer Dec of Ind., S. C., 1749 

Ruysch, Rffs, Frederic, M. D., F. R. S., 

Dutch anat, 16381731. [1676. 

Ruyter, Rtf-ter, Dutch adm, 1607 
Rysbrach, Rjs-brqA, John M., Dutch 

sculp, 16941-1770. 


Sabatier, Sa-ba-ter, Antoine, Fr. wr, 

Sacy, Sqs, Antoine I. S., Baron De, 
Fr. scholar and au, 17581838. 

Sa Da Bandeira, Sq Dq Bqn-da-e-rq, 
Bernardo De, Port, st, 171)6 

Sadler, Michael Thomas, F. R. S., 
En<r. scholar, or and philan, 1780 

Sadler, Win. W., Eng. aeronaut and 
chem, 1804 k. 1824. 

Saint Arnaud, San flr-nod, Jaques 
Leroy De, marshal, and comman of 
the French forces in the Crimea, 

Saint-Clair, Sant-Kla.r, off Am. army, 
Pa,, 1818. 

Saint-Croix, San-Krwo, G. E. J., Ba- 
ron De, Fr. wr, 17461809. 

Sainte-Beuve, Sant-Bev, Chas. Augus., 
Fr. crit and poet, 1803 

Satntine, San-ten, Xavier Bon., Fr. 
poet and dram, 1790 

Saint-Just, Antoine, min of Robespi- 
erre, 17681794. 

Saint-Mars, Fr. off, the Keeper of 

' The Man in the Iron Mask,' which 

to this day remains a historical se- 
cret; 17th cen. 
Saint-Martin, Mqr-tnn, Louis C. 

De, Yr.phil, 17431803. 
Saint-Palaye, Pa-la, Charles I. C., 

Abbe De, Fr. pol wr and philan, 

18th cen. 
Saint Pierre, Per, Jacques B. H. De, 

phil wr Fr., 17371814. 
Saint-Simon, Si-mon, Claude Henri, 

Count De,fwind of a school of social 

science, Fr., 17601825. 
Saldanha, Sql-dqu-yq, Oliviera, E. 

Daun, ete., Duke of, min, and (iff 

Portugal, 1780 
Sallust, Caius Crispus, Roman hist, 

8535 B. C. 
Samson, celebrated in Scripture for his 

strength, was betrayed and perished 

with 3000 Philistines in the templo 

of Dagon, 1117 B. C. 
Samuel, prophet of Israel, 1057 




Sancho, San-ko, Ignatius, a negro wr 

and poet, born on board a slave-ship, 

freed in England, 17291780. 
Sandby, Paul, Eng. art, 1732-1809, 
Sandford, Sir Daniel K., D. C. L., 

classic scholar and or, Scot., 1838. 
Sands, Robt. C., jour and poet, N-Y., 

Sann;izarius. Sqn-qd-zqr-e-<6s, Jacopo, 

Italian pi#t, 14581533. 
Sansovino, Sqn-5<b-v-no, Giocomo F., 

Italian sculp and arch, 1479 1570. 
Santa Anna, Sqn-tq A'nq, Antonio 

Lopez De, ex-pres of the Mexican 

Confederation, 1790 
Santa Cruz, (Sp. Kroofi, S. Am. Krco?;) 

protector of the Peru- Bolivian Con- 
federacy, b. about 1790 
Sappho, Saf-o, Greek poetess, whose 

lover was so cruel to her that she 

threw herself into the sea. 
Sardanapalu?, k Assyria, who on a re- 
volt of his people, set fire to his 

palace, and perished in the flames, 

820 B. C. 
Sardinia, Victor-Emmanuel-A.-E.-F.- 

Thomas, King of, b. 1820 assumed 

gov. 1849 
Saumaise, So-mas, Claude, crit, archoe 

and ori, Burgundy, 1588 1658. 
Saumarez, Sa-ma-rez, Rt. Hon. Jara^s, 

Lord De, of/Krit. navy, 17571836. 
Saundprs, Sen-derz, John C., Eng. sur, 

oculist and med, wr, 1773 1810. 
SaUnders, Win., ph and med tor, 1743 

Saunderson, Sen-der-son, Nicholas, a 

blind math Eng., 16821739. 
Saussure, So-ser, Horace B. De, nat 

Swit., 17401799. 
Saussure, Nicholas T. De, son of the 

above, nat and chem, 1767 1845. 
Sauvages, So-vq-ga, Francis B. De, 

Fr. lot and ph, 1767. 
Sauveur, So-ver, Joseph, Fr. math, 


Savage, Richard, Eng. poet, 1698 1743. 
Savary, Sa-vq>, Re'ne, Fr. gen, 1774 

Savonarola. Sqv-on-qr-<5-lq. Franciscan 

monk and rtf, 1452 k. 1498. 
Saxe, Count Maurice of Saxony, Fr. 

gen, 1750. 
Saxe, Saks, J. G., Am. gat&nd hum poet, 

Vt., 18 
Say, Sa, Jean B., Fr. wr on political 

economy, 17671832. 
Say, Thomas, Am. nat, 17871834. 
Scanderbeg, Skoji-der-beg. Albanian 

chief, H04, 1467. 

Scarlatti, Skqr-l^-te, Alessandro, It. 

mug comp, 16581728. [.1825. 
Scarpa, SkqV-pq, Antonio, It. art, 171*1 
Schuilow, Xq-dav, Johann G., Ger. 

Sculp, 17641852. 
Schadow-Godenhaus, G6-den-h'ss, 

Fried. Wilhelin Von, Ger. hint and 

por-pt, 1789 
Schaeffer, X^f-er, Geof. Heinrich, Ger. 

phttol, 17641840. [17401823. 
Schunk, Skaijk, John, Eng. naval aft', 
Scheele, Ee-le, Chas. William, Swed. 

chem. He discovered fluorine, chlo- 
rine, malic, molybdic, arsenic, tartar- 

ic, oxalic, &c., acids, glycerine and 

oxygen. 17421786. 
Schet'fer, Ea-fer, Ary, Dutch art Fr., 

Schelling, S^l-in, Fred. Wm. Joseph, 

Ger. ineta, phil&nd poet, 1775 18 J 1. 
Schiller, Zil-er, Friydrich, Ger. putt 

and dram. It is enough to say that 

he is the only German poet who can 

contest the supremacy of Goethe. 

Schirmer, Sir-raer, Johann Wilhelm, 

Ger. l-pt, 1807 
Schloetzer, Xlet-zer, Aug. Louis, Ger. 

hut, 17371809. 
Schlosser, Z16s-er, Fricdrich Chris., 

Ger. hist, and prof at University of 

Heidelberg, 1776 
Schlegel, Ela-gel, John Elias, Ger. 

poet and dram wr. 1718 1749. 
Schlegel, August Wilhelm Von, Ger. 

pott, crit, hist and metaphil, 1767 

Schlegel, Friedrich Von, brother of the 

above, crit and phil, 17721829. 
Schleiennacher, ilj-er-mqA-er, Fred- 
eric Daniel E., Ger. din and wr 

1768 183 i. 

Schoefer, Xe-fer, Peter, one of the in- 
ventors of printing, Ger., 1502. 
Schoepflin, Xep-flin, John Daniel, Ger. 

hist, 1694--1771. 
Schomberg, Z6m-berg, Isaac, lii$t and 

off Am. navy, 1813. 
Schomburgh, Zom-biarg, Sir Iliibt. 

Herm;inn, Ger. nat and trav, 1804 
Schoolcraft, Ski&l-kraft, Henry Rowe, 

Am. trav, nat, antiq and an N-Y., 

Schopenhnner. S6p-en-hx-er, Johanna, 

Ger. avthswxs, 17701838. 
Schrodter, Xr6d-ter, Adolf. Ger. pt, 

1805. (1680-1755. 

Schroeder, 5>c-der, John Joa., Ger. i,ri, 
Schubert, Xkn-bert, Fraocis, Gor. mut 

comp, 17951830. 


Schulz, Eoalts, Wilhelm, Ger. pol wr, 

Schumacher, 51f> - mc\h - er, Heinrich 

Christian, Ger. attr, 17801350. 
Schumann, ZiD-mqn, Robert, Ger. mug 

wr, 1810 
Schuyler. Ski-ler, Philip, maj-gen Am. 

army, N-Y~, 1804. 
Schwanthaler, Evqn-tq>ler, Ludwig 

Von, Ger. sculp, 18021848. 
Sch wartzenberg, Svqrts-en-be/'g, Chas. 

Philip, Prinee, Aust. field-marshal, 

Scipio, Sip-i-o, Publius Cornelius, 

Roman gen, 180 B. C. 
Scott, David, Scottish art, 18061849. 
Scott, Michael, au ' Tom Cringle's 

Log," Scot., 17891835. 
Scott, Sir Walter, Scottish poet, not) 

and misc wr, 1733 1832. 
Scott, Gen. Winfield, comma>i-in-chief 

Am. army. 1786 
Scribe, Skreb, Augustine Eugene, Fr. 

lyric pntt and drain wr, 1791 
Sebastian, Se-bast-yan, (Port. Sa-bqs- 

te-qn,) King of Portugal, 1554 k. 

in Africa, 1578. 
Sedgwick, Sej-wik, Theodore, Am. wr 

Ma<s., 17301839. 
Seetzen, Sets-en, Ulric Jaspar, Ger. 

true, 1811. 
Segur, Sa-ger, Louis, Count De, Fr. 

dip and hist wr, 1753 1830. 
Seidl, Sj-dl, John Gabr., Aust. poet, 

Selden, S^l-dcn, John, Ehg. antiq, 

law, wr and hist, 1584 1654. 
Selkirk, Alex., Sc'it. voyager to the 

South Seas, 1630 d. 
Semiratnis, Ss-inir a-rais, queen, of 

Assyria, famous for her conquests : 

put to death by her son Ninyas, 

1220 B. C. [17421809. 

Senebier. Sen-e-ber, nat phil Swit., 
Seneca, Sen-e-ka, Lucius Annaeus. 

ftoic phil, preceptor of Nero, by 

whom he was put to death, b. Sp. 

A. D. 12. 
Sergeant, Ser-jent, John, Am. law and 

st Pa., 17791852. 
Servetus, Ser-ve-tus or Ser-va-tus, 

Michael, thecil, burnt at the stake 

through the instrumentality of Cal- 
vin, 15091553. 
Servius Tullus, sixth k Rome, eel. 

for his laws on rank and property : 

murdered. 530 B. C. [21 L 

Severus, Lucius Septimius, Rom. emp, 
Severus, Sulpitius, kist, an " Historia 

Sacra," 420. 


Sewall, S\\-nl, Stephen, Am. tcholar 

and au Mass., 17341804. 
Seward, Si'i,-ard, William H., Am. st 

and sen. N-Y., 1801 
Sowell, Si'i-el, Georga, Eng. misc wr 

and poet, 1726. [A. D. 100. 

Sextus Einpyricus, a Pyrrhonian phil, 
Seymour, Se-moor, Edward, Duke of 

Somerset, Eng. riff, ex. 1552. 
Shadwell, Sud-wel, the Rt. Hon. Sir 

Lancelot, vice-chancellor of England, 

and j, 17791850. 
Shaftesbury, Edfts-ber-i, Anthony 

Ashley Cooper, Eng. meta phil aud 

wr, 16711713. 
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley C., Earl 

of, Eng. philan, and leader of the 

Low-Church party, 1801 
Shakspeare, iJaks-per, William, th-e 

most illustrious dram putt of Anglo- 
Saxon origin, 1584 1616. 
Sharp, Granville, au, and projector of 

the society for the abolition of the 

slave-trade. Eng., 17341813. 
Sharp, William, Eng. engr, 17491824. 
Shee, Sir Martin Archer, Irish art and 

p/xit Eng., 17691850. [17921822. 
Shelley, Ee'l-i. Percy Bysshe, Eng. poet, 
Shenstone, Xen-ston, William, poet 

and prose wr Eug., 1714 1763. 
Sheridan, Eer-i-dan, Richa d Brinsley, 

Irish dram, st and or Eng., 1751 

Sherman, Ser-man, Roger, Am. at, and 

signer Dec.rflnd ,Mass.,172l 1793. 
Shurwin, John Keyse, engr Eng., 
^ 1790. [1749^1829. 

Shield, Seld, William, Eng. eom/Kiser, 
Shirley, Xer-Ii, James, Eng, dram wr 

ti&pott, 1594 1666. 
Short, James, nat phil and optician, 

Scot., 17101768. 
Shrapnel, Erap-nel, Lieut.-Gen. Henry, 

inv (if the spherical case-shot, Eng., 

Sibthorp, Sib-terp, John, nat, and prof 

bot in the University of Oxford, 
^ Eng., 1798. [17551831. 

Siddons, Sid-onz, Sarah, Eng. actress, 
Siddons, Mrs. H., actress of the Thea- 
tre Royal, Edinburgh, 18 . 
Sidmouth, Sid-mu6. Henry, Viscount, 

Eng. at, 17571844. 
Sidney, Sid-ni, Sir Philip, gentleman, 
au, and comman, of the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, 15541586. 
Siebold, Sg-bold, Philip Franz Von, 

wr on Japan, Ger.. 1796 
Sieyes, Se-i-a, Count Emanuel Jos., 
ool of the Fr. revolution, 1748- 1336. 



Sigaud De Lnfond, Se-god De Lq-fond, 
Jno. Uenatus, Fr. sur and nat phil, 

Sigisniund, Sig-is-mdt>nd, emp of Ger., 
1:178 1437; also, names of three 
I'.' kings. [14411524. 

Signorelli, Seg-na-rel-e, Laca, It. pt, 

Silenus, Sj-le-nus, fab, the foster-fa- 
ther of Bacchus, who lived in Arca- 
dia, rode on an ass, and was drunk 
every day. 

Sillitnan, Sil-i-man, Benjamin, M. D., 
LL. D., prtif oi the Natural Sciences 
in Yale College, and distinguished 
for his wjien. writings, 1779 

Simms, Simz, Win. Gil more, Am. nov, 
hut and poet S. C., 1806 

Simon Magus, Samaritan imp, who 
pretended to bo the Son of God. 
A. D. 56. 

Simrock, Karl, Ger. poet, 1802 

Sirns.m, Robert, math, Scot., 1687 

Sinclair, Sin-klq,r, George, eng and 
nat phil, au of works on hydrostat- 
ics and the principles of astronomy 
and navigation, Scot., 1R96. 

Sinclair, Sir John, Bart., vhilan Scot., 

Sindiah, Sin-di-q, Mahadjee, Mahratta 
prince, 17411794. 

Singh, Sin -A, Maha Raja Runjeet, chief 
of Lahore and Cachiiiire, 17791839. 

Sisinomli, Sis-moh-de, Jean Chas. L. 
S. U', hist and wr on pol. economy, 
Swit., 17731812. 

Sisyphus, Sis-i-fus,/o7>, killed by The- 
seus, and doomed incessantly to roll 
a huge stone up a mountain in hell 
for his perfidy and numerous rob- 
beries. [1590. 

Sixtus Quintus, pope of Rome, 1521 

Skelton, John, poet-laureate of Eng., 

Sleidan, Slj-dan, John Philipson, Ger. 
hint, 15061556. 

Sloane, Slon, Sir Hans, Bart., ~bot Ire- 
land, 16601752. [1771. 

Smart, Christopher, Eng. poet, 1722 

Smcaton, Sme-ton, John, civil eng 
Eng., 17241792. 

Smith, Ail.-im, meta phil, au and pol 
econ Scot., 17231790. 

Smith, Sir James Edward, Eng. ph 
and nat, 17591828. 

Smith. Jiimes and Horace, lit duum- 
virate Eng., 17751839, 17791849. 

Smith, Capt. John, off and trav, con- 
nected with the history of Virginia, 

Smith, Rev. Dr. John, antiq nnd Cel- 
tic scholar and wr Scot., 1/47 1842. 

Smith, Dr. John Pye, thel u<r Eng., 
17751851. [168917(18. 

Smith, Robert, din and math Eug., 

Smith, Sir Win. Sidney, Brit, adm, 

Smith, Rev. Sidney, M. A., dir,, esta, 
crit, wr and wit, the projector of the 
Edinburgh Review, Eng., 1771 1845. 

Smith, William, LL. D., F. G. S., Eng. 
geol, 17691840. 

Smith, Thomas Southwood, au, ph and 
wr Eng., 1790 

Smith, Gerritt, Am. philan, or, scholar, 
and anti-slavery re}, N-Y. 

Smithson, James, found of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, Washington, Eug., 

Smollett, Sm61-et, Tobias, Eng. crit 
and nov, 17211771. 

Smyth, Sinit, William, hut lee and wr 
Eng., 17641849. 

Snell, Rodolph, math and phili'l wr 
Holland, 15471613. [1837. 

Soane, Son, Sir John, Eng. arch, 1752 

Sobiesky, Sa-bes-ki, John, k of Po- 
land, fam. in the Turkish wars, 1629 

Socinus, So-sin-us, Faustus, champion 
of the doctrine of L'uitarianism, It- 
aly, 15391004. 

Socrates, S6k-ra-tcz, greatest of ane 
phil, put to death by the Athenians 
on false charge of atheism, 46/ 400 

Sol, fab, a name of Apollo; the sun. 

Solander, Sw-lqn-der, Daniel Chas., 
nat Sweden, 17361782. 

Solomon, S61-o-mon, son of David, k 
Israel, wrote the books of Proverbs, 
Eocl., and Canticles, died 975 B. C., 
aged 58. [80. 

Solon, sagt of Greece, d. 558 B. C., aged 

Solvyus, Sol-vinz, Francis B., Dutch 
art and av, 17601824. 

Solyman, Sol-i-utan, the Great, Turk- 
ish emp, 14941566. 

Somnus, S6m-nus,/aft, the god of sleep. 

Somoza, So-m6-fca, Jos6, Sp. pol and 
wr, 1781 

Sonnini De Manoncourt, Son-an De 
Mah-on-krf>r, Charles N. S., Fr. trao 
and nat, 17511811. 

Sontag, S6n-tq.g, Henrietta, opera 
tini/er Ger., 18051854. 

Sophocles, S6f-o-klez, Greek pott, and 
chief magiistr ate of Athens, 500410 

Soule*, So>-la, Pierre, Am. ex-sen La. 



Soult, SiDl, Nicole Jean l)e D., Duke 

of Dal ma tiu, Fr. marshal and of, 


Southcote, Sift-kat, Joanna, the sub- 
ject of religioua delusion, England, 

Southern, Si<t-ern, Thomas, an Irish 

dram poet, 16l>0 1746. 
Southey, Sid-i, Robert, Eng. poet and 

prase wr; and in 1813, poet-laureate, 

17741843. [15881650. 

Spagnoletto, Spqn-yo-let-o, Italian pt, 
Spallanzani, Spal-qnd-zqn-e, Lazuro, 

It. physifil and not, 17291799. 
Spanheim, Spqn hjin, Ezekiel, wr and 

st Geneva, 16291710. 
Sparks, Spqrks, Jared, Am. bit*/ and 

misc wr, and pres Harvard College, 

1794 [nat, 17471820. 

Sparrtnann, Spq>-mqn, Andrew, Swed. 
Spartacus, Spqr-ta-kns, Thracian shep- 
herd, and conq of some of the Roman 

armies, 71 B. C. [Y., 17831855. 
Spencer, John C., Am. law and st N- 
Spencer, John Chas., Earl, promoter 

of agriculture, Eng., 1782 1845. 
Spenser, Edmund, Eug. poet, 1553 

Sphinx, Sfirjks, fab, a monster, who 

destroyed herself because CEdipus 

solved the enigma she proposed. 
Spielmann, Spel-mqn, James Reinhold, 

Ger. chum, 17221782. 
Spinoza, Spin-o-za, Baruch, meta phil 

(atheistical,) Holland, 16321677. 
Spohr, Spar, Louis, Gar. inus comp, 

Spontini, Spon-ts-ne, Gasparo, It. mug 

comp, 17781851. 
Sprague, Sprag, Charles, Am. poet 

Mass., 1791 
Spurzheim, Spdbrj-hjm or Sp<>rts-hjm, 

phren, contemporary of Gall, Ger., 

Squier, Skwjr, Ephram Geo., Am. wr 

and pol N-Y., 1821 
Stael-Holstein, Stal-H61-stjn, Anna 

Louisa G. Necker, Baroness De. tragic 

poet, pol and romance wr France, 

Stahl, Stel, Geo. Ernest, Ger. ph, and 

chem, 16601734. 
Stallbaum, Stql-bim, Gottfried, Ger. 

classic scholar and au, 1793 
Standish, Stan-diJ, Frank Hall, Eng. 

au and poet, 17981840. 
Stanfield, Stan-Md, Clarkson, Eng. 

pt, 1790 
Stanislaus, Stan-is-ls, Augustus, the 

last k of Poland, 1732 17'JS. 

Stanley, Stan-li, Thomas, Eng. phil 
hist, 16251678. [1822. 

Stark, John, gen Am. army, N-H., 1728 

Staudenmaier, Sttf-den-inj-er, Franz 
A., Catholic theol and au, Germany, 

Steele, Sir Richard, Brit, essa, pol wr, 
dram poet and hum, 1671 1729. 

Steevens, Ste-venz, Geo., commen on 
Shakspeare, Eng., 17361800. 

Stenbock, Sten-bok, Magnus, Count, 
Swedish gen, 16641717. 

Stentor, Steii-tor,/<ift, a Grecian, whose 
voice is reported to have been .is 
strong and as loud as the voices of 
50 men together^ [pol wr, 1832. 

Stephen, Ste-ven, James, Eng. law and 

Stephen, St., first Christian martyr, 
stoned by the Jews, A. D. 33. 

Stephens, John Loyd, Am. trav and 
wr N-J., 18051852. 

Stephenson, Sts-ven-son, Geo., Eng. 
ciril en<j, 17871848. 

Stephenson, Robert, eng Eng., 1803 

Sterling, John, Brit, essa and crit, 1806 

Sternberg, Stern-berg, Alexander, Ba- 
ron Von, Ger. an, 1806 

Sterne, Stern, Laurence, Irish tor and 
hum, 17131763. 

Steuben, Sttr-ben, (Am. St\i-ben,) 
Frederic Win. Aug., Baron, Prussian 
off Am. army, during the Revolu- 
tionary war, 1795. 

Stevenson, Ste-ven-son, Sir John An- 
drew, mus comp Ireland, 1761 1833. 

Stevenson, Robert, civil eng Scotland, 
17721850. [navy, 1778 . 

Stewart, Sti^-art, Charles, com Am. 

Stewart, Dugald, Scottish meta, math 
and au, 17531828. 

Stewart, Mathew, D.D., Scottish math 
and an, 17171785. [17271795. 

Stiles, Stjlz, Ezra, Am. die and hist, 

Stilling, Heinrich, pseudonymc adopted 
by Heinrich Jung, in a remarkable 
autobiography. He was a misc wr 
Ger., 1740-1817. - 

Storch, SterA, Heinrich Fred. Von, pol 
econ Ger., 17661835. 

Storch, Nicholas, found of the sect 
called Anabaptists, Ger., 1530. 

Story, Justice Joseph, Am.y and jur 
wr Mass., 17791845. 

Stothard, Stod-ard, Thomas, R. A., 
Eng. art, 17551838. 

Stowe, Sto, Harriet Beecher, Am. au, 
now residing in Maine. 

Strakosch, Strak-o/, Maurice, mut 
cump and pianist, Pol., 1825 



Strafford, Straf-ord, Thomas Bent., 
Earl of, st Eng., 1593-ex. 1641. 

Strange, Strnnj, .Sir Kobt., Brit, hist 
engr, 17211792. 

Strain.'', Str'Bs, Dav. Rriedr., Ger. av, 
180S [1849. 

Strauss, John, mus camp Aust., 1804 

Strickland, Strik-land, E., tun and 
nat Eng., 18111853. 

Strucnsee, StrcJb-en-se, John Fred., 
Count, fh and pol Denmark, 1737 
ex. 1772. [17491802. 

Strutt, Joseph, art and antiq wr Eng., 

Slruve, Strotiv w Stridv-a, Friedr. Geo. 
Wilh., Russian attr. 

Stuart, the royal house of Great Brit- 
ain after the union of Scotland. 

Stuart, Daniel, pal wr, ed ' Morning 
Post," London, 17661846. [1786. 

Stuart, Gilbert, hint wr Scot., 1742 

Stuart, James, Eng. trav and antiq au, 

Stuart, James, of Duncarn, pol wr 
Scot., 17761849. 

Stukeley, Su'ik-li, William, Eng. antiq 
and av, 16871705. 

Sture, Suf>-re, administrators of Swe- 
den, from the 14th to the close of 
the 16th cen. 

Sturgeon, Stiir-jon, William, exp in 
the nat. sciences, Eng., 1783 1850. 

Stuyvesant, Sttf-ves-ant, Peter, the 
last Dutch gov of New- York, ap- 
pointed 1664. 

Styx, Stiks, fab, & river of hell. 

Suckling, Sir John, pott and courtier, 
Eng., 16091641. 

Sue, Se, Eugene, Fr. nov, 18081857. 

Sullivan, Siil-i-van, John, gen Am. 
army, in the Revolutionary war. 
N li., 1741-1795. 

Sully, Siil-i, Thomas, Eng. arC, 1783 

Sully, Muximilin De Bethune, Duke 
of, Fr. min and tiff, 15601041. 

Sumner, Charles, Am. tit, or, legal wr 
and scholar, sen from Ma^s., 1811 

Suwarrow, Sit>-vqr-6v, Peter Alexis V., 
Count, Russian gen, 17301800. 

Swamrnerdum, Svqm-er-dqm, Jean, 
Dutch anat and ento, 16371680. 

Swartz, Swqrts, Oluns, Swedish lot, 

Sweden and Norway, Oscar I., King 
of, 1799 assumed gov. 1844 

Swedenborg, Swe-den-borg or Swa- 
den-borg, Emanuel,ma<A and Chris- 
tian phil, found of a sect numerous 
at the prexentday; b. at Stockholm, 
16881772. [1854. 

Sweet, John A., Am. j>Ji. Mass., 1808 

Swift, Jonathan. Brit, au, sat and pol 
wr, and hum, 1667 1745. 

Sydenham, Sid-en-bam, Thomn.s M. 
D., Eng. ph and mtd wr, 16241689. 

Sydney, Sid-ni, Algernon, pol wr and 
rcpiib Eng., 1621 ex. 1683. 

Sylla, Lucius Cornelius, Roman yen 
and dictator, scourge of his country, 
78 B. C. [woods and forests. 

Sylvanus, Sil-va-nns, fab, a god of 

Synirnes, Simz, John Cleves, au of 
the eccentric Theory of the Earth, 
that the globe is hollow, with open- 
ings at the poles for the admission 
of light; Ohio, 1829. 

Syrens, Sj-renz, fab, sea-monsters. 


Tacitus, Tas-i-tuf, Marcus Clandius, 
emp Rome, 276. 

Talbot, Tel-bot, or Tal-bot. John, Earl 
of Threwsbury, Eng. <ff in the re- 
nowned Fr. wars, 1373 1453. 

Talfourd, Tal-ford, Sir Thomas Noon, 
dist. as the au of *' Ion," and other 
interesting writing- 1 , as a judge, and 
for his many virtues, Eng., 1795 

Tallard. Tal-o.rd, Camille D'H., Duke 
De, Fr. marshal, 16521728. 

Talleyrand-Perigord, Tal-e-rqnd-Pa,r- 
t-gord, Charles Maurice De, the 
"prince of diplomatists," Fr., 1754 

Tallien, Tal-i-an, Jean Lambert, dist. 

Jacobine of the Fr. revolution, 1769 

Talma, Tal-mq, Francis Joseph, Fr. 

actyr. 17701826. 
Tamerlane, Tam-er-lan, emp of Tar- 

tary, 13351405. 
Taney, Tan-i, Roger B., chief j itttict 

of the Sup. Ct. U. S., Md., 1777- 
Tannahill, Tan-a-hil, Robert, Scottish 

lyric poet. 17741810. [au. 

Tapia, Tq-pe-q, Eugenio, Sp. /ovr and 
Tasman, Tas-ra^n, Abel Jansscn, Dutch 

nav, 1600 d. [1595. 

Tasso, T^ so>, Torquato, It. pfjet, 1544. 
Tate, Tat, Irish poet, 1652 d. 



Taylor, Ta-lor, Jane, Eng. poet and 

prose wr, 17831823. 
Taylor, Dr. Jeremy, bishon of the 

Church of En:.;., 1813 1537. 
Taylor, Thomas, ;i modern promulgator 

of the Platonic Philosophy, Eng., 

Taylor, William, critic and trans, 

Eng., 17651836. 
Taylor, Win. Cooke, LL. D., misc wr 

Ir., 18001849. 
Taylor, Zachary, Am. gen, pres of the 

11. S., from 1849 to 1850; his career 

being terminated by his sudden death 

in July of the latter year. He was 

succeeded in office by his V-Pres., 

Millard Fillmore: b. La., 17901850. 
Taylor, Bayard, Am. ttav, puet, and 

misc wr, X-Y., 1825 
Tching Tohing Kong, &ig -Gig -Korj, 

Chinese adm, 17th cen. 
Tefft, Teft, B. F.. au, Methodist clerg 

and ed N-Y., 1813 - 
Tekcli, Te-kel-, Emerie, Count De, 

Hungarian nob and patriot, 1658 

Telford, Tel-ford. Thomas, civil eng 

Scot., 17571834. 
Tell, Tel, William, Swiss Aero of the 

14th cen. 
Tempelhof, Tem-pel-hof, Geo. Fred., 

Ger. of and au, 1807. 
Temple, Tein-pl, Sir William, Eng. nt, 

Teniers, Ten-era, David, the elder, 

Flemish /-t. Belg., 1582 1649. 
Teniers, David, the younger, Flem. pt 

Belg., 13101694. 
Tennant, Ten-ant, William, Scottish 

poet and philol, 1843. 
Tennant, Tea-ant, Smithson, F. R. S., 

Eng. chem, 1761-1815. 
Tennyson, Ten-i-son, Alfred, Eng. 

poet, and now poet-laureate, 1810 
Tenterden, Ten-ter-den. Charles Abbot, 

Lord, Eng. law, j, and legal wr, 

Tertullian, Ter-ttil-i-an, Quintus Sep- 

timius Florus, father and def early 

Christian Church, fl. 211. 
Th ifkeray, Rak-er-a Wm. Makepeace, 

Eng. au, led and humfrrist, 1811 
Thalberg, T^l-berg, Sigismund, mus 

comp, Switz., 1812 
Thales, Ha-lez. ckutfot the seven sages 

of Greece, 640545 B. C. 
Themistocles, Rs-mis-to-klez, Atheni- 
an gen and pat, being banished to 

Persia, to avoid taking arms against 

his county, he slew himself, 465 B. C. 

Theodosius, Be-co-dQ-Ji-us, the last 

Rom. emp, a convert to Chris., 395. 
Theodotus, Rg-od-Q-tus, a tanner of 

Byzantium, who apostatized from 

Chris, faith to save his life, and 

formed a sect. 

Theon, Re-on, Greek sophist, au Trea- 
tise on Rhetoric; also, a math, of Al- 
Theophrastus, Rs-Q-fras-tus, Greek 

phil, 283 B. C. 
Thespis, Res-pis, Greek tragic poet, 

and first actor at Athens, 538 B. C. 
Thibaut, Tib-'st, Anton Justus Fried., 

Gor. jurist, 17921840. 
Thicknesse, Rik-nes, Anne. Eng. wr, 

17371824. [1798 . 

Thiers, Ter, Adolphe, Fr. pol and hixt, 
Thierry, Ter, Jacq. Nic. Augustin, Fr. 

hut, 1795 
Thorn, Tom, James, sculp N-Y., 1799 

1850. [17701824. 

Thorn, Walter, hist and miic wr Scot., 
Thomas, T6m-as, St., surnatned Didy- 

inus, one of Christ's apostles: suffered 

martyrdom in India. 
Thompson, Tom son, Alex., misc lor 

and poej! Scot., 17621803. 
Thompson. Col. Thomas Peyronnet, 

pol reformer and au Eng., 1783 
Thomson, T ana-son, Anthony Todd, M, 

D., med wr, Scot., 17781849. 
Thomson, James, Scottish poet, au of 

the "Seasons," 17001748. 
Thomson, Rev. John, Scot, l-pt, 1778 

Thomson, Thomas, M. D., Scot, exp 

chem, lect and tor, 1773 1852. 
Thomson, Edward, M. D., D. D., Am. 

div, wr and pres Ohio Wesleyan ' 

University, Ohio, 1810 
Thomson, Samuel, med ref, and au of 

" Botanic Family Physician," in Ic38, 

U. S. 
Thornton, Rarn-ton, Bonnel, humorist 

wr and poet Eng., 17241768. 
Thornton, John Robt., Eng. lot, 1758 

Thorwaldsen, Tor-vqld-sen, Bertel, 

Danish art, 17701844. 
Thucydides, Hn-sid-i-dez, Greek hist, 

391 B. C. 
Thurlow, Riir-lo, Edward, Lord, Eng. 

pol, 17321806. 
Tiarks, Te-4rks, John Lewis, F. R. S., 

Ger. ast, Eng., 17891837. 
Tiberius, Tj-he-ri-us, Claudius Nero, 

dissolute emp Rome, 37. 
Tickell, Tik-el, Thomas, wr and poet, 

Eng., 16861740. 



Ticknor, Tik-nor, George. Am. tchol 

and au, 1791 
Tieck, Tek, Ladwig, Gor. pott and nov, 

17731853. [17561830. 

Tierney, Tir-ni, st and pol wr, Eng., 
Tillotson, Til-ot-son, Dr. John, ar-bp 

Canterbury, published many valua- 
ble sermons ; 1694. 
Timothy, Tira-o-ti, disciple of St. Paul, 

first /'/i of Ephesus, stoned to death, 

A. D. 97. 
Tindnll, Tin-dal, Wm., Eng. div and 

antiq, 1804. 
Tintoretto, Tin-to-ret-o, Jacopo R., pi 

Venice, 15121594. 
Tippoo S.-iib, Tip-(D Sab, the last sul- 
tan of Mysore, 1749 k. 1799. 
Titian, Te-te-^n, (or Tiziano Vecellio, 

TEd-ze-q-nio Va-qa-ls-o, ) It ft, 1477 

Titns, Tj-tus, Greek disciple of St. 

Paul, bp of Crete. 
Tofino De San Miguel, To-fe-no Da 

Sqn Me-Aal, Sp. ant, 17401806. 
Toland, Tol-and, John, Scot, meta au. 

Tompkins, Tom-kinz, Daniel D., gov 

N-Y. and V-Pres U. S., under Mr. 

Monroe, 1825. 
Tone, Ton, Theobald W., Irish revolu- 

tionanipol, 17631798. 
Tooke, Tuk, John Home, Eng. pol, 

gram and philol, 17361812. 
Toreno, Tor-a-no, Count Jose De, hint 

and st Sp., 1786 d. 
Torre, Td>-ra, Giovanni, M. D., nat 

phil It., 1782. 
Torricelli, To-re-qa-Ie, Evangelista, 

It. math, invented the barometer; 

1608 d. 
Torrigiano, To-re-jq>no, Pietro, scalp 

Florence, 14721522. 
Totten, Tot-en, Joseph G., Am. mili- 
tary eng, Conn., 1788 
Totten, George M., Am. civil eng, 

Conn., 1809 
Torrey, T6r-i, John, M. D., LL. D., 

Am. bot and chem N-\ r . 
Tournefort, Td>r-na-far, Joseph Pitton 

De, Fr. lot, 16561708. 
Toussaint, Too-sah, L'Ouverture, an 

illus. and intel. chief of the negroes 

of St. Domingo, after the revolution 

they affected in that island, was for 

the greater part of his life a slave, 
but noted for his kindness and skill. 
1743 perished in prison, Fr., 1803. 

Trajan, Tra-jan, M. Alpinus Crinitus, 
Horn, emp celebrated for his mild and 
equitable government, 117. 

Trembley, Tre'm-bli, Abraham, nat 
Swit., 17001784. 

Trenck, Tren,k, Frederick, Baron Von, 
Prussian iff, eel. for his adventures 
and misfortunes, 1726 g. 1794. 

Trotter, Trot-er, Thomas, M. D., med 
wr Scot., 1832. 

Trumbull, Triim-bul, Jonathan, pat 
of the Am. Rev., and gw Conn., 
1785. Son of the same name, Aid 
to Gen. Washington, #lnnd lieut-yoi) 
Conn., 1809. 

Truxton, Triiks-ton, Thomas, com Am. 
navy, N-Y., 17551822. 

Tschirnhausen, Tfirn-h'8-sen, Ehren- 
fred, W. Von, Ger. geom and exp 
phil, 16511708. 

Tucker, Tuk-er, Saint George, Am. 
law and st, 1828. ' 

Tuckerman, Henry T., Am. poet and 
essa, Mass., 1813 

Tupper, Tiip-er, Martin Farquhar, Eng. 
au, 1811 

Turenne, Te-ran, Henri De La Tour 
D'Auv. Viscount de, Fr. gen. 1611 

Turgot, Ter-go, Anne Robert Jacques, 
Fr. st and/>/7, 17271781. 

Turner, Tiirn-er, Edward, M. D., chem 
and au Eng., 17971837. 

Turner, Joseph M. Wm., Eng. art, 

Turner. Sharon, hift of the Anglo Sax- 
ons, Eng., 1768 18 i7. 

Turner, Tiirn-er, William W., printer 
and pJiilol Eng., 1810 

Tuscany, Tds-kan-i, Leopold II., Grand 
Duke of, b. 1797 succeeded to the 
government 1824. [1849. 

Twiss, Twis, Horace, Eng. law and wr 

Tyler, Tj-ler, John, elected V-Pres of 
the U. S. in 1S40, and succeeded to 
the presidency at th death of Har- 
rison in 1841; Va., 1790 

Tyndalo, Tin-dal, Win., trnn and 
martyr, Eng., 1484 ex. 1536. 

Tytlor, Tit-ler. Putric Fraser, hist, 
Scot., 17901849. 




Uecktritz, E/t'trits, (or E.Vtrifcs,) Filed. 

Von, Ger. dram poet, 1800 
Uhland, CD'lqnd, Ludwig, Ger. poet, 

Uilkens, Cfl'kenz, James Albert, Dutch 

nat, 1772-1825. 
Ulloa, 0)l-ya-q, Antonio De, Sp. gen, 

st and math, 17181795. 
Ulrica, (Dl-re-kq, Eleanora, two queens 

of Sweden, from the 17th totho 18th 

Ulysses, Yq-lis-EZ, fab, k of Ithaca, 

who, by his subtlety and eloquence, 

was eminently serviceable to the 

Greeks, in the Trojan war. 
Unzer, (Dnts'er, John Aug., Ger. ph, 

psychol and phys au, 1727 1799. 

Urban, Ur'ban, I. to VIII., popes from 
223 to 1644. 

Urquhart, Ur'kwqrt, Sir Thomas, 
Scottish philol and math, 17th cen. 

Urquijo, COr-ks-ho, Mariano L. Chev- 
alier De, Sp. st, 17681817. 

Urquiza, CDr-ke-tq, Gen. Don Justo 
Jose, pres of the Argentine Confed- 
eration, 1800 

Ursins, Er-saii. (or (Dr-ssnz,) Anna M. 
De La T., Princes De, a French lady 
who indirectly governed Spain, in 
the days of Philip V., 1722. 

Usher, Uj'er, Jamss, D. D., Irish dlo 
and theo tor, 1580 1656. 

Uwins, Yt'i-inz, David, M. D., Eng. ph 
and rned wr, 17801837. 


Vahl, Vql, Martin, lot Norway, 1749 

1804. [1669-1722. 

Vaillant, Val-an, Sebastian, Fr. but, 
Valckenaer, Vqlk-en-qr, Louis C., 

Dutch philol and critic, 1715 1820. 
Valerius Muximus, Val-e-ri-us Maks-i- 

mus, Latin, hist, fl. A. D. 30. 
Valli, Vql-e, Eusebius, It. ph,, 1762 
. 1816. 
Valperga De Caluso, Vql-par-gq De 

Kql-e-so, Piedraontese math and 

ast, 17301815. 
Vaabrugh, Van-brJ&A, Sir John, Dutch 

dram, 1608 1729. 
Van Buren, Van-Bq,-ren, Martin, pol 

and eighth pres of the U. S., from 

1837 to 1841; N-Y., 1782 . 

V-Pres. R. M. Johnston. 
Vancouver, Van-ki6-ver, George, Eng. 

nav, 1798. 
Vanderlyn, Van-der-lin, John, Am. 

art, N-Y., 17761852. 
Vaudervelde, Vqn-der-val-de, William, 

Dutch pt, 16101693. 
Vandyck. Van-djk, Antony, Dutch pt, 

Vandyk, Van-dik, Harry Stoe, poet 

and misc wr Eng., 17981828. 
Vane, Van, Sir Henry, rebup, a cham- 
pion of the English commonwealth, 

1612 ex. 1662. 
Van Sehouten, Fan So-i^-ten, Dutch 

nav, 17th cen. 

Varignon, Var-en-yon, Pierre, Fr. 

math, 16541722. 
Vasari, Vq-sq-re, Giorgio, It. au, 1512 

Vattel, Va-tel, N., wr on juris and 

meta, au of "Right of Nation';" 

Swit., 1770. Emer de, Swiss 

wr on same subjects, 1767. 
Vaulntii, Vo-ban, Sebastian L. Do 

Fr. militat'y-en'j, 1632 1707. 
Vaugeliw, Vii-gu-lq, Claude F. De, 

Fr. wr, 1535 d. [ 1522. 

Vaux, Vo, Thomas, Eng off and poet, 
Vega, Va-gq, Lopez De La, Sp. poet, 


Veit, Vjt, Philipp, Ger. pt, 1793 
Velazquez, Val-qfi-kat, Don Diego R. 
^De Silva Y, Sp. pt, 15991650. 
Venus, Ve-nus, fab, the goddess of 

love and beauty. 
Vespasian, Ves-pa-Ji-an, Titns Flavius, 

Rom. gen, made emp A. D. 1)979. 
Verboeckhoven, Fer-buok-ho-ven, Eu- 

gen, Flemish pt of animals, 1799 
Vernet, Ver-na, Horacg. Fr. pt, 1789 
Vernon, Ver-non, Edvfard, Eng. adm, 

Vernon, Robert, found of the Gallery 

of British Art, '1774 1849. 
Verplanck, Ver-plank, Guliaa C., Am. 

au N-Y. 
Vertot D'Auboeuf, V4r-to Do-bef, 

Rene Aubert De, Fr. hint, 1655 d. 



Vesalius, Va-sq-le-dos, Andreas, anat, 

father of the modern human anatomy, 

Brtwelfc 15131564. 
Vico, Ve-ko, Francis De, It. ait and 

wr on not phil, 1848. 
Vico, Giovanni Battista, the first to 

propose a philosophical method of 

considering human history, Naples. 

Victoria, Vik-tcS-ri-a, Queen of Eng., 

b. ls>19 assumed government 1837. 
Vigny, Vgn-ys, Count Alfred, Fr. au, 


Villeuiain, Vil-a-man, Abel Francois, 
Fr. sacant and/W, 1791 

Villoison, Vil-wo-son, Jean Baptiste 
G. D'Anse De, Fr. schol, and discov- 
erer of the manuscripts of Greek au- 
thors, 17501805. 

Vince, Vins, Samuel, Eng. math and 
ast au, 1821. 

Vincent, Vin-sent, Thomas, Eng. non- 
con, din, an of "Explanation of Cate- 
chism, 1671. [14521519. 

Vinci, Ven-cjE, Leonardo Da, It. pt, 

Virgil, Ver-jil, (or Virgilius,) Publius 
Maro, most excellent of Hum. poets, 
7018 B. C. 

Virginia, Ver-jin-i-d, daughter of Vir- 
giniiis, was stabbed by her father, to 
prevent the violence which Appius 
meditated against her, 450 B. C. 

Vivens, Viv-enz, John Louis, one of 
the revivers of English literature, 

Viviun, Viv-i-un, Richard Hussey, 
Lord, British r/, 17751812. 

Viviani, Ve-ve-^-ne, Vincentio, It. 
math, 16221703. 

Volkoff, Vol-kof, Theodore, Russian 
dram, 17291763. 

Volney, V61-na, Constantino C., Cointe 
De, Fr. wr, 1820. 

Volta, V61-tq, Alexander, It. natphil, 
the inventor of the Voltaic pile, 1745 

Voltaire, Vol-t4r, the name assumed 
by Francois Marie Aronet, Fr. savant 
who was a phi/, essa, putt, hist, etc., 
etc., 16941778. 

Voss, Vos, John Henry, Ger.poft, critic, 
trans, and phihil, 1751 1821. 

Vow us, Vos-e-i^s, Gerard John, Dutch 
critic, phil and au, 1577 1649. 

Vulcan, Viil-kan, fab, the god of sub- 
terraneous fire. 


Wackernagel, Vqk - ern - 6; - gel, Karl 

Heinrich Wilhelin, Ger. wr and poet, 

Waghorn, Lieut. Thomas, R. N., the 

projector of steatn navigation bet. 

England and India, 18001850. 
"Wahlenberg. Vql-en-berg, George, Ger. 

1x4, 17841814. 
Waldo, Peter, merch Lyons, found. 

sect Waldenses, 12th cen. 
Wale*, William, math and astr Eng., 

Walker, Wo-ker, Adam, exp phil and 

lect, 1732--1821. 

Walker, John, lex Eng., 17321807. 
Wallace, Wol-as, Horace Binney, Am. 

savant, and wr on art. philosophy, 

&c., Pa., 1817-1852. 
Wallace, Sir J"m., Scottish gen, who 

sought to rescue hia cnuutry from 

the English yoke, but was betrayed 

by Sir John Montioth, and ex. 1303. 
Wallenstein, Wql-en-stjn, Albert, duke 

of Friedland, Ger. comtnan, during 

the first half of the Thirty Years' 

war; 15831634. 

Waller, W61-er, Edmund, Eng. poet, 

Walpole, Wol-pol, Sir Robert, Eng. 

st and pol, 16761745. [_]797. 
Walpole, Horace, Eng. ft and wr, 1717 
Walsingham, W61-sij)-ham, Sir Fran- 
cis, Eng. st, 15361590. 
Walter, Wel-ter, John, for many years 

proprietor of the "London Times," 

to whom it? great success is chiofly 

owing, 17731847. 
Walton, Wol-ton, Isaac, wr on angling, 

Eng., 15931583. 
Wuppers, W^-perz, Gustavus, Dutch 

pt, 1803 
Warburton, Wdr-bnr-ton, Eliot Barth. 

Geo., Irish au, 18101852. 
Ward, Word, Robert Pluiuer, Eng. au, 


Ward, Edward Mathew, Eng. pt, 1816 
Ware, Wa,r, Henry, Aui. dio and pott 

Mass., 17941843. 
Ware, James, Eng. sur, ocvltut and 

au, 17561815. 
Ware, William, Am. div and mite wr 

Mass., 17971852. 



Waring, Wor-irj, Edward, Eng. malJi 

and wr, 17341798. 

Warren, W6r-en, Dr. Joseph, Am. nff 

who fell at the battle of Bunker Hill, 


Warton, Wor-ton, Joseph and Thomas, 

Eng aug and poets, 18t,h cen. 

Warwick, Richard Nevil, Earl of, gen 
and st Eng., 1471. 

Washington, George, illustrious as the 
" Father of his Country," for his 
love of liberty, his stern advocacy 
and defense of human rights, and for 
his many private virtues; first Pres. 
U. S., from 17891797 ; Va., 1732 
1799. V-Pres., John Adams. 

Watcrhouse, Benjamin, Am. ph, nat 
and wf, 1754 i84d. 

Watt, Wot, James, the author of im- 
provements in the application of 
steam to motive power, Soot., 1733 

Watts, Isaac, D. D., Brit, div, wr and 
poet, 16741748. 

Wayland, Francis, pres of Brown Uni- 
versity, and wr, N-Y., 1796 

Wayne, Wan, Anthony, maj-gen Am. 
army, Pa., 17451796. 

Webb, James Watson, Am. jour and 
ed "N-Y. Courier and Enquirer," 

Weber, Web-er, Carl Maria Von, Ger. 
mus, 1785 1823. 

Weber, Henry William, min, tor and 
arete, 17S3 1318. [1852. 

Webster, Daniel, Am. st Mass., 1782 

Webster, Noah, Am. kx Conn., 1758 

WeJel, George Wolfgang, Ger. ph and 
au, 16451721. 

Weed, Thurlow, A.m.jonr and ed "Al- 
bany Evening Journal," 1797 

Weinbrenner, Vjn-bren-er, Frederic, 
Gar. arch, 1766 1828. [1803 -. 

Weir, Wer, Robert W., A.m. pt N-Y., 

Weisse, Vjs-e, Christian Felix, Ger. 
misc wr and dram poet, 1726 1804. 

Wellington, Wel-in-ton, Arthur W., 
Duke of, Brit, comman and st, 1769 

Werner, Abraham Gottlieb, miner and 
gevl Ger., 17501817. [1785. 

Werner, Paul De, Prus. gen, 1707 

Werner, Zaeharias, Ger. dram poet, 
1768 1S23. 

Wesley, Wes-li, John, found of the 
Artninian branch of Methodists, Eng., 

Wesley, Charles, brother of the above, 
preacher, 17081783. 

West, Bunjamin, Am. pt, b. in Pa., 

1738 d. in Eng., 1820. 
Westall, William, Eng. art, 17821850. 
Westmacott, West-ma-kot, Sir Richard, 

Eng. sculp, 1775 

Weyse, Vj-se, Christopher Ernest 
Fred., Ger. dramatic and lyric comp. 
Wheaton, Hwe-ton, Henry, Am. law, 

dip and wr, R. I., 17851848. 
Whipple, Hwip-1, Edwin P., Am. wr 

Mass., 1819 
Whiston, Hwi'-ton, William, Eng. div 

and nat phil, 1667 1752. 
White, Rev. Gilbert, Eng. nat and au, 


White, Henry Kirke, Eng. poet of great 
promise, whose e:irly death was a 
nation's regret. 1785 1306. 
Whitefield, Hwit-fcld, Rev. George, 
found of the Calvinistic Methodists, 
Eng., 1714 d. 

Whitney, Hwit-ni, Eli; inv of the cot- 
ton gin, Mass., 17561825. 
Whittier, Hwit-i-er, John G., Am. poet 

and prose wr Mass., 1808 
Wieland, Vg-lqnd or Ve-lqnt, Christo- 
pher Martin, Ger. poet, dram and wr, 
Wiffen, Jeremiah Holme, Quaker poet 

Eng., 17921836. 

Wilberforce, Wil-ber-fors, William, 

Esq., Brit, st and philan, 17591833. 

Wilkie, Wil-ke, Sir David, Scottish^, 

Wilkins, Sir Chas., F. R. S., ori scholar 

and wr Eng., 1751 1836. 
William I., the Conqueror, asc. the 

Eng. throne 1066 d. 1087. 
William III., k of Eng., stallholder of 
Holland, and Prince of Orange, the 
defender of oivil and religious lib- 
erty, 16501702. 

William IV., k of Eng., b. 1765 suc- 
ceeded to gov. 1830 d. 1837. 
William I. of Nassau, Prince of Or- 
ange, leader in the war of Indepen- 
dence that established the Dutch 
Kepublic, 1533 k. 1584. 
William, two kit of Holland, from 1772 

to 1848. 
Williams, Roger, pres of the Colony of 

Rhode Island, 15991683. 
Willis, Thomas, Eng. anat and ph, 

Willis, Nathaniel Parker, A.m.poet and 

jour, N-Y., 1807 

Wills, Win. Henry, Eng. jrmr, 1810 
Wilson, Alexander, or nit k Pa., 176S 



Wilson, James, Am. law, wr, and sign- 
er Dec. of Ind., Pa., 17421798. 

Wilson, John, better known by the 
soubriquet of Christopher North, 
poet, wr and prof, Scot., 17881854. 

Wilson, Sir Robert, Brit, gen, 1777 

Wilson, Richard, R. A., Brit, pt, 1782. 

Wilson, Horace \ii\.yma.n, prof of Sans- 
krit at the University of Oxford, and 
wr, Eng. 

Winclemann, Vink-le-inqn, John Joa- 
chim, eel. in sesthetieal and art lit- 
erature, Ger., 17181768. 

Windischgratz, Vin-diJ-grqts, Prince 
qenerali&iino of the Austrian troops, 

Winsor, Win-zor, Frederic Albert, the 
projector of gas-lights, Eng.. 1830. 

Winthrop, Juhn, first gov of Mass., 

Wirt, Wert, Wm., Am. law and mi&c 
wr V.', 17721835. 

Wirth, Virt, John Geo. Aug., Ger. pol 
wr, 1800 

Withers, George, Eng.pnei, 15881667. 

Witherj'poou, John, D. D., LL. D., cilery 
Scot., pres of Princeton College, U. 
S., signer Dec. of Jnd., &c., 1794. 

Withmer, Vit-mer, Michael, Ger. hint 
pt, 1803 

Wolcott, Wol-kot, John, assumed name 
Pttsr Pindar, tat poet and hum 
Eng., 17381819. 

Wolcott, Oliver, yoti Conn., and signer 
Dec. of Ind., 17271797. 

Wolf, Volf, Fred. Augustus, philol 
and wr Ger., 1759-1824. 

Wolf, John Christian, voluminous wr 
and superficial phil Ger., 16791754. 

Wolfe, Wulf, Charles, Irish poet, au 
of 'Ode on the Death of Sir John 
Moore,' 17911823. [1759. 

Wolfe, Gen. James, Brit. </, 1726 k. 

Wolff, Volf, Emil, Ger. sculp, 1802 
Wollaston, W61-as-ton, Wm. Hyde, 

M. U., Eng. chem, inv of the pcri- 

scopic camera, etc., 1766 1828. 
Wolsey, Wtil-zi, Thomas, a powerful 

Cardinal of Eng., 147115311. 
Woodhouse, Wud-h'ss, Robert, Eng. 

math, 17731827. 
Woodhouse, .lames, Am. chem and ph, 

Wo,-l, Wul, John E., Am. gen, N-Y., 

1789 [1785. 

Woollett, William, Eng. engr, 1735 
Worcester, Wur-ster, Joseph E., lex 

Mass., 18 
Wordsworth, Wtirdz-wurt), William, 

Brit, poet, 17701850. 
Worth, Wurt. W. I., mai-gen Am. 

army, N-Y., 1794184'.). 
Wouverman, Wdb-ver-mqn, Philip, pt, 

b. at Haarlem, 1620-1668. 
Wraxall, Raks-el, Sir Nathaniel Win., 

Eng. trav and hist wr, 17511831. 
Wrede, Vrdd-e, Field-marshal Prince, 

Bavarian soldier and <, 17671839. 
Wren, Ren, Sir Christopher, dist. as 

England's greatest arch, 16321723. 
Wright, Rit, Silas, Am. st N-Y., 1795 


Wright, Thomn?. Eng. wr and lit ed, 
Wurteuiberg, William I., King of, b. 

17S1 assumed gov. 1816 
Wyatt, Wj-at, R. J., Eng. sculp, 1795 

1850. [15031541. 

Wyatt, Sir Thomas, Eng. st and pott, 
Wjcherley, Wj-Uer-Ii, Wm., comic 

dram, Eng., 16401715. 
Wycliffe, Wicklyffe, or Wiclif, Wik- 

lif, John De, Eng. die and church 

ref, 13241384. 
Wymlhain, Wind-ham, Sir William, 

Eng. it, 168717(13. 
Wythe, Wjt, Am. t, and signer Dec, 

of Ind,., 1726 1806. 


Xantippe, Zan-tip-e, wife of Socrates, 

had a morose and violent temper, 

460 B. C. 
Xantippus, Zan-tip-ua, Lacedaemonian 

gen, in the service of the Cartha- 

Xavier, Za-vi-a, Jerome, Jesuit and 

mis to East Indies, 1617. 

Xenocratcs, Ze-n6k-ra-tei, Greek phil, 

314 B. C. 
Xenophon, Zdn-o-fon, Athenian phil, 

sold and hist, 370 B. C. 
Xerxes, Z^rks-ez, k Persia, who entered 

Greece 'with an army of 5,283,220 ; 

was stopped at Thermopylae by 300 

Spartans under Lconidaa: murdered, 

434 B. C. 




Yale, Elihu, native of Conn., went to 

Eng., became gov East India Comp., 

and gave liberally to establish Yale 

College, 1721. 
Yearsloy, Ygrz-li, Anne, dram wr 

Kng., 17561805. 
Yeates, Yats, Thomas, ori scholar 

Eng., 17681839. 
fork, the House of, rival of that of 

Lancaster, in claim for the crown of 

York, Frederick, Duke of, cnmman of 

the British army, 17631827. 
Yorke, Philip, geneal and hint Eng., 

Young, Edward. Eng. poetan of 

"Night Thoughts," 16841765. 

Young, Mathew, Irish math and au, 
1750 d. 

Young, Thomas, Eng. nat phil. He 
is principally distinguished for two 
things. First, he contests with Fres- 
nel the glory of founding the Undu- 
latory Theory of Light. Second, he 
was the first to detect the key to 
phonetic Hieroglyphics ; 17731829. 

Ypsilanti, Ep-se-lqn-te, three Greek 
princes, who have endeavored to 
achieve the independence of their 
country: they lived from 1760 to 

Yriarte, Er-e-q>-ta, Don Juan De, Sp. 
arches smdphilol, 17021771. 


Zachariah, Zak-a-rj-a, prophet of the 

Messiah, 400 B. C. 
Zahn, Tsqn, Joh. Karl Wilh., arch, pt, 

and prof, of arts, Ger., 1800 
Zaionezek, Zq-E-cfm-qek, Joseph, Polish 

gen, 17521826. [1802 . 

Zaleski,Zq-les-ke, Bohdan, Polish poet, 
Zamoski, Zq-m6s-ke, John, a dist. 

Polander, 16th cen. 
Zanotti, Dzqn-ot-s, J. P., It. pt and 

poet, 16741765. [15th cen. 

Zarco, Zqr-ko, John G., Port, nav, 
Zea, Ha-q, Don Francisco Antonio, bot 

and st, N-Gran., 17701822. 
Zendrini, Tsen-dre-ns, Bernardo, math 

and hydraulic eng, Aust., 1679 1747. 
Zeno, Dza-no, Nicolo and Antonio, are 

alleged to have discovered America 

prior to the voyage of Columbus : 

15th cen. 

Zeno, Ze-no, stoic, Cyprus, stran- 
gled himself 264 B. C., aged 98. 
Zenobia, Ze-no-bi-a. queen of Palmyra, 

and empress of the East, 280. 

Ziramermann, Tsim-er-mqn, Eberhard, 

Augustus W. Von, Ger. nat and au, 

Zinzendorf, Tsin-tsen-darf, Nicholas, 

Louis, Count Von, found of the 

Moravian Brethren, Ger., 17001760. 
Ziskn, Tsis-kq,, (or John Trocznow,) 

Ger. leader in the religious wars, 

Zoroaster, Zo-rQ-qVter, Persian phil, 

found Majian religion, said to have 

predicted the coming of the Messiah. 
Zorrilla, Riar-el-yq, Jose, Sp. poet and 

dram, 1817 
Zschokke, Ts-JiSk-e, Heinrich, Ger. 

hint, nov and dram, 1771 1848. 
Zschukowskii, Ts-Jco-k-s-ske. (?) Was- 

silii Andrejewitsch, Rus. poet, 1783 
Zumbo, Dz<Jf>m-b<a, Gaetano Julio, Sil- 

ician art, 16581701. 
Zurnpt, Tscompt, Karl Gottlob, Ger. 

Latinist, 1792 
Zwingli, Tsvirj-gle, Ulrick, th great 

Swiss reformer 1484 k. 1531. 


Aba'ilard, Ab-el-q>d, Pierre, mediatral 

iichol and au, B.-iuuny, 10791142. 
Alaric I., Al qr-ik, k of the West 

Goths, d. 410. 
Albrechtsoerger. fll-b/-eAts-berg-cr, 

.lohttun (ice., (list, contrapuntist, 

Aust., 17361803. 
Bache, Bqk, Alex. D.,Sup.U. S. Coast 

Survey, Pa , 18 
Barn urn, Bqr-nutn, P. T., a successful 

showman, but who finally failed for 

a large amount. Goon. 1810 
Bichart, BE-/O,, Marie Francis X., Fr. 

phys, 17711802. [17851825. 

Beclard, Be-kk'trd, P. A., Fr. anat, 
Bonheur, Bon-cr, Rosa, Fr. paint, no- 
ted for her masculine picture, " The 

Horse-Fair." 1825 
Bronte, Bron-ta, Charlotte, (Emily and 

Anne, sisters, Eng. attt., who as- 
sumed respectively the titles Currer, 

Ellis, and Acton Bell, by which they 

are best known.) 18 
Colquhoun, Kolk-hrfin, Patrick, a sta- 
tistical and economical wr, Eng., 

Do Quincy, De Kwin-si. Thos. phil wr, 

'The Opium Eater,"Eng., 18 
Empedocles, Em-pM-Q-klez, Gr. phil, 

5th cent., B. C. [4th cent. B. C. 
Erasistratus, Er-as-is-tra-tus, phys, Gr. 
Fresnel, Fres-nel, Augustin John, exp 

phil and disc of the polarization ol 

light, Fr. 1788-1827. 
Hebcrden, Heb-er-den, William, M. D., 

F. K. S., Eng. p/ti\nd au, 17101801. 
Ilcnault, Ild-mul, Chas. John Fransi?, 

Fr. pr*t, 16851770. [cent. B. C. 
Herophilusi, Her-6f-i-lus, phys, Gr. 4th 
Hippolytus, Hi-pol-i-tus, pol and hist 

wr, Koine, d. 236. 
Hosmcr, Iloz-mer, Harriet, a promising 

sculpt, Mass., 1831 
Liebig, Le-big, Justus, Ger. chem of 

great celebrity, 18 

Maecenas, Me-e n*s, Caius Cilnius, pa 

lit, Rome, d. B. C., 8. 
Maisire, Mas-tr, Count Joseph DC, pol 

and meta. wr. Fr. 17531821. 
JIalebranche, Mq-le-brqn<j, meta phil 

Fr. 16381715. 
Malpighi, Mql-pen-yr, Marcello, anat 

phys, Italy, 1628- 161(4. 
Jlandar, Mqn-dqr, M. Phillipe, pol hint 

wr, Fr. 17591823. 
Mansfitld, Manz-feld, William Murray, 

earl of, Chief-Justice, Eng. 1705 

Manuel, Mnn-e, James A., Fr. st and 

repub, 17551827. 

Marat, Mq-rq, Jean Paul, expphilwr, 
pol, Fr. 1746-1793. 

Marcantonio, Mqr- kqn-to-ne-o, cngr, 
Italy, 14801539. 

Margaret, Queen of Norway, Denmark, 
und Sweden, 13531412. 

Maria Louisa, Mq-re-q I>D-E-zq, sec. 
wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, Austria, 

Maria Theresa, Ter-a-sq, emp Aus- 
tria, 17171780. 

Marie-Antoinette, Mqr-e flh-twon-et, 
queen Fr. 1755 g. 1793. 

Marie De Medicis, Ma-dt-se, queen 
Fr., 15731642. 

Marion, Ma-ri-on, Fransis, Am. oif. 
Revolution, S. C., 1795. 

Marius, Caius, Ma-ri-us, Ka-i-us, Rom- 
an gen, 15786 B. C. 

Marlborongh, M<^rl-bur-o, John C., 
duke of, gen Eng., 16501722. 

Marlowe, Mqr-lo, Christopher, dram 
Eng., 15661598. 

Marmonte), Mqr-mon-tel, Jean, Fr. 
pott and nov, 17231799. 

Marshall, Mqr-/al, John, j, chief jus- 
tice U. S., wr, etc., Va., 17551836. 

Martyn, Mqr-tin, Henry, Eng. mission- 
ary, 1781--18I2. 

Marvel), Mqr-vel, Andrew, tt and pott, 
Eng., 16201678. 

Mary, queen of England, 15161568. 

Mary, queen of. Scotland, 15421587. 

Masaccio, Mq-sq-ke-o, Tommaso Guidi, 
art, Italy, 1402-1443. 

Ma*kelyne, Ma.s-ke-lin, Nevil, LL.D., 
astr and math, Eng., 17321811. 

Massena, Ma-san, Andre, Fr. (if. 1758 

Massilou, Ma-$fl-yon, Jenn Baptiste, 
pulpit or, Fr., 16031742. 

Massinger, Mas-in-jer, Philip, pott and 
play wr, Eng., 15841640. 

Maury, Me-ri, M. F., LI,. D., Lieut, U. 
S. Navy, aatr lufdrographtf and au, 
Va., 1806 

Mazzini, Mut-sl-nr, Guiseppe, demo- 
cratic^ of Italy, 1809 

Muller, Mul-er, Max A., Prof. Mod. 
Languages in Oxford College, Eng., 

Morae, Mers, Samuel Finley B., inven- 
tor of Telegraph, Mass., 1791 

Proudhon, Pri6-don, pol wr, Fr., 


Tocqueville, Tok-vil, M. De, pol tor, 
Fr., 18 . 

Zimmerman, Tsim-er-mqn, Johann 
Georg Von, phyt and mis wr of 
Ger., 17281795. 




Aalar, a'a-lar. 
Aaron, SVron. 
Ab, Ab. 

Abacue, Ab'a-kq,. 
Abadah, Ab'a-dq. 
Abaddon, A-bad-on. 
Abadias, Ab-a-dj-ari. 
Abagtha, A-bag-ta. 
Abai, a'bal. 
Abana, Ab'a-nq. 
Abarira, Ab'a-rim. 
Abaron, Ab'a-ron. 
Abba, Ab'a. 
Abda, Ab'da. 
Abdi, Ab dj. 
Abdias, Ab-dj-as. 
Abdiel, Ab'di-el. 
Abdon, Ab'don. 
Abednego, A-bed-ne-go. 
Abel, 3'bel. 

Abel Bethmaacah, ['b! 

Abel Maim, Efbel'Ma-im. 

Abel Meholath, 3'bel Me- 
h<5-lafi. [ra-ira. 

Abel Mizraim, fT'bel Miz- 

Abel Shittitn, S'bel Sit- 

Abesan, Ab'e-san. 

Abesar, Ab'e-sar. 

Abez, 3'bsz. 

Abgarus, Ab'ga-rus. 

Abi, a'bj. 

Abia, A-bj-a, or 

Abiah, A-b|-a. 

Abialbon, a-bi-al-bon. 

Abiasaph, A-bj-a-saf. 

Abiathar, A-bi-a-tar. 

Abib, a'bib. 

A.bidab, A-b|-da. 

A.bidan, Ab'i-dan. 
Abiel, a'bi-el. 
Abiezer, a-bi-e-zer. 
Abiezrite, a-bi-6z-rjt. 
Abigal, Ab'i-gal. 
Abihail, Ab-i-ha-il. 
Abihu, A-bj-hij,. 
Abihud, A-bj-hud. 
Abijah, A-bj-ja. 
Abijam, A-bj-jam. 
Abilene, Ab-i-le-ne. 
Abimael, A-bim-a-el. 
Abiinelech, A-bim-e-lek. 
Abinadab, A-bin-a-dab. 
Abinoam, A-bin-o-am. 
Abiram, A-bj-ram. 
Abirom, A-bj-rotn. 
Abisai, A-bis-a-j. 
Abisei, Ab-i-s-j. 
Abishag, Ab'i-Jag. 
Abishahar, A-biJ-a-hqr. 
Abishai, A-biJ-a-j. 
Abishalain, Ab-iJ-a-lam,or 
Abishalom, Ab-i-j'a-lom. 
Abishua, A-biJ-q,-q, or 

Abishur, Ab'i-Jur. 
Abisum, Ab'i-sum. 
Abital, Ab'i-tal. 
Abitub, Ab'l-tub. 
Abiud, A-bj-ud. 
Abner, Ab'ner. 
Abram, a'bram, or 
Abrabam, a'bra-ham. 
Absalom, Ab'sa-lom 
Abubus, A-bv^-bus, 
Acaron, Ak'a-ron. 
Acatan, Ak'a-tan. 

kccad, Ak'ad. 

;caron, Ak'a-ron. 
iccho, Ak'o. 
Acoos, AK'OS. 
Aceoz, Ak'oz. 
Aceldama, A-sel-da-m(l. 
Achab, a'kab. 
Achad, a'kad. 
Achaia, A-ka-ycu 
Vchaicus, A-ka-i-kuS. 
Achan, 3'kan. 
Acbar, a'kar. 
Acbaz, 3'kaz. 
Achbor, Ak'ber. 
Achiacharus, a-ki-ak-a- 


Achim, a'kim. 
Achimelech, A-kim-e-lek. 
Achior, a'ki-er. 
Achiraua, A-kj-ram. 
Aehish, 3'kiJ. 
Achitob, Ak'i-tob, or 
Achitub, Ak'i-tab. 
Achitophel, A-kit-o-fel. 
Achmetha, Ak'nae-tq, or 

Achor, a'ker. 
Achsa, Ak'sa. 
Achshaph, Ak'Jaf. 
Achzib, Ak'zib. 
Acipha, As'i-fq. 
Acitho, As'i-to. 
Acua, A-ki\-d. 
Aeub, a'kub. 
Ada, 3'dd. 
Adad, a'dad. 
Adada, Ad'a-dq. 
Adadah, Ad'a-dq. 
Adadezer, Ad-ad-e-zer* 



Adadrimmon, Ad-ad-rim- 


Adah, a'da. 
Adaiah, Ad-a-f-a. 
Adalia, Ad-a-lj-a. 
Adam, Ad'am. 
Adama, Ad'a-raq, or 
Adamah, Ad'a-mq. 
Adami, Ad'a-mj. 
Adami Nokeb, Ad'a-mi 

Adar, 3'dar. 
Ailasii, Ad'a-sq,. 
Adatha, Ad'a-tq. 
Adbeel, Ad'be-el. 
Addan, Ad'an. 
Addar, Ad'ar. 
Addi, Ad'i. 
Addin, Ad'in. 
Addo, Ad'o. 
Addus, Ad'us. 
Ader, 3'der. 
Adida, Ad'i-dq,. 
Adiel, a'di-el. 
Adin, 3'din. 
Adina, Ad'i-nq. 
Ad inn, Ad'i-no. 
Aclinus, Ad'i-nus. 
Adit.ha, Ad'i-flq. 
Adithaira, Ad-i-6a-itn. 
Adlai, Ad'la-j. 
Admah, Ad'raa. 
Admatha, Ad'ina-tq. 
Adna, Ad'na. 
Adnah, Ad'na. 
Adonai, Ad'o-na. 
Adonias, Ad-o-nj-as. 
Adnnibezek, A-don-i-be- 


Adonijah, Ad-o-nj-ja. 
Adonikam, A-don-i-kam. 
Adoniram, Ad-on-j-ratn. 
Adonizedek, A-don-i-ze- 


Adora, A-diS-ra. 
Adoraim, Ad-o-ra-im. 
Adorara, A-dw-ratn. [lek. 
Adramelech, A-dram-e- 
Adria, 3'dri-a. 
Adriel, a'dri-el. 
Aducl, A-dii-el. 
Adullam, A-diil-am. 
Adutniniin, A-diiin-im. 
Aedias, a-e-dj-as. 

JEne&a, S-ne-as, ( Virgil.) 
./Eneas, 8'ne-as, 

J'lnon, F'non. 

^Enos, 8'no. 
Agaba, Ag'a-lkJ. 

Agabus, Ag'a-bas. 
Agag, a'gag. 
Agagite, U'gag-it. 
Agar, a'gar. 
Agarenes, Ag-a-rnz. 
Agee, Ag'e-e. 
Aggeus, A-gE-us. [bor. 
AgnothtAbor, Ag-not-ta- 
Agur, a'gur. 
Ahab, 3'hab. 
Aharah, A-har-a. 
Aharal, A-har-al. 
Ahasai, A-has-a-j. [rus. 
Ahasuerus, A-has-yq,-e- 
Ahava, A-hd-va. 
Ahaz, a'haz. 
Ahazai, A-haz-a-j. 
Ahaziah, a-ha-zj-a. 
Ahban, fl'ban. 
Aher, a'her. 
Ahi, a'hj. 
Ahia, A-hj-a. 
Ahiam, A-hj-am. 
Ahiezer, a-hi-e-zer. 
Ahihud, A-hj-hud. 
Ahijah, A-hj-ja. 
Ahikam, A-hj-kam. 
Ahilud, A-hi-lud. 
Aliiinaaz, A-him-a-az. 
Ahiman, A-hj-man. 
Ahi'melech, A-him-e-lek. 
Ahimuth, A-hj-mot. 
Ahinadab, A-bin-a-dab. 
Ahinoam, A-bia-o-atn. 
Ahio, A-hj-o. 
Ahira, A-hj-ra. 
Aliirum, A-hj-ram. 
Abirainites, A-hj-ram-its. 
Ahisamach, A-his-a-uiak. 
Ahishahur, A-hiJ-a-hur. 
Ahisham, A-tj-Jam. 
Ahishar, A-h|-/ar. 
Ahitob, A-hj-tob. 
Ahitophel, A-hit-o-fel. 
Ahitub, A-hj-tub. 
Ahiud, A-hj-ud. 
Ahlah, H'la. 
Ahlai, H'la, or fl-la-j, 
Ahoe, A-boi-e, or 
Ahoah, A-hu-a. 
Ahoite, A-ho-it. 
Aholnh, A-bo-la. 
Aholba, A-h6l-ba. 
Aholbah, A-h(Sl-ba. 
Aholiab, A-h<5-li-ab. 
Aholibah, A-hol-i-bq. [mq. 
Ahulibamah, a-ho-lib-a- 
Alinmai, A-hiviiia-i., A-hi^-zam. 
Ahuzzab, A-biiz-a. 

Ai, 3'i. 
Aiah, a-(-a. 

Aiath, U-j-at. 
Aija, 3-i-ja. 
Aijah, a-j-ja. 
Aijalon, Aj'a-lon. 
Aijeleth Shahar, Aj'e-let 

Ain, cl'in. 
Aioth, a-j-ofl. 
Airus, a-j-rus. 
Ajalon, Aj'a-lon. 
Akkub, Ak'ub. 
Aknibbim, Ak-rab-im. 
Alamelech, A-lam-e-lek. 
Alameth, Al'a-mct. 
Alauioth, Al'a-mot. 
Alcimus, Al'ii-mus. 
Alema, Al'e-mq. 
Alemeth, A-lg-met. [q. 
Alexandria, Al-eks-an-dri- 
Alexandrion, Al-eks-aa- 


Aliali, A-lj-a. 
Alian, A-Ij-an. 
Allelujab, Al-e-h],-yq.. 
Allom, Al'om. [hut. 

Alton Bachuth, Al'on Bak- 
Aliiiudad, Al'ino-dad. 
Al ni' in Diblatliaim, Al'mon 

Alnathan, Al'ua-tun. 
Aioth, a'lot. 
Alpha, Al'fa. 
Alpheus, Al-fe-us. 
AUaneus, Al-ta-ne-us. 
Altaschith, Al-las-kit. 
Altekon, Al'U-kon. 
Alush, a'luj. 
Alvah, Al'va, or 
Alvan, Al'van. 
Amad, a'mad. 
Amadatha, A-mad-a-fcq. 
Ainadathus, A-mad-a-tus. 
Auial, {final. 
Ainalila, A-inal-da. 
Amalek, Atn'a-lek. 
Amalekites, Am'a-lok-jts. 
Aman, a'man. 
Amana, Am'a-nq. 
Ainariah, Am-a-rj-a. [sq. 
A m;i >M, A-ma-sa, or Am'a- 
Amasai, A-mas-a-j. 
Amashiah, Am-a-Jj-a. 
Amatheis, Ain-a-tt-is. 
Amathis, Am'a-tis. 
Atnaziah, Ain-a-zj-a. 
Amen, a-raen. 
Ami, a'mj. 
Amiaodab, A-min-a-dab. 



Amittai, A-mit-a-j. 
Atnizab.-id, A-tniz-a-bad. 
Amtnadatha, A-iiiad-a-tq. 
Ainuia, Arn'a. 
Ainini, Aui'j. 
Aramidioi, A mid-i-er. [el. 
Auimiel, Ara'i-el, or A-mj- 
Amtnihud, A-mi-hud. [a-i. 
Ainaiiskaddai, Am-i-Jad'- 
Amtnon, Aun'on. 
Ammonites, Am'on-jts. 
Amnon, Ani'non, 
Amok, a'mok. 
Ainun, 3'mon. 
Amorites, Arn'o-rjts. 
Amos, t'inos. 
Ainplias, Am'pli-as. 
Amrain, Am'rum. 
Amramites, Am'ram-jts. 
Amran, Atn'ran. 
Amraphol, Am'ra-fel. 
Ainzi, Am'zj. 
Anab, 3'nab. 
Anael, An'a-el. 
Anah. fl'na. 

Anaharath, An-a-ha-rat. 
Anaiah, An-a-j-a. 
Anak, 3'nak. 
Anakitns, An'a-khnz. 
Anamelech, A-nam-e-lek. 
Anaiuiin. An'a-mim. 
Anan, fl'niin. 
Anani, An-a-nj. 
Ananiah, An-a-nj-a. 
Ananias, An-a-nj-as. 
Ananifl. A-nan-i-el. 
Anath, El'nat. 
Anathema, A-nat-e-mq. 
Anathoth, An'a-tot. 
Anathothite, An'a-tot-it. 
Andrew, An'drd). 
Andronikus, An-dro~nj- 
kus, or An-dron-i-kus. 
Anem, 8'nem, or 
Anen, 3'nen. 
Aner, 3'ner. 
Anes, H'nes. 
Aneth, 3'nefi. 
Aniiitn, 3'ni-am. 
Anim, 8'nim. 
Anna, An'a. 
Annaas, An'a-as. 
Annas, An'as. 
Annuu?; A-m\-us. [nus. 
Antilibanus, An-ti-lib-a- 
Antioch, An'ti-ok. 
Antiochis, An-tj-o-kis. 
Antiochus, An-tj-o-kus. 
Antipas, An'ti-pas. 
Antipatras, An-tip-a-tris, 

Antipha, An'ti-fi^. 
Antonia, An-16-ni-q. 
Antothijah, An-to-tj-jd. 
Antothite, An'tot-jt. 
Anub, 9'nub. 
Anus, S'nus. 
Apamea, Ap-a-me-a. 
Apbaraim, Af-a-ra-im. 
tVpharsathchites, A - ffyc - 


Apharsites, A-fqr-sjts. 
Aphek, 3'fek. 
Aphekah, A-fe-ka. 
Aphereuia, A-fer-e-mq. 
Apherra, A-fer-a. 
Aphiah, A-fj-a. 
Aphrah, Af'ra. 
Aphses, Af'scz. 
(Vpocalypse, A-pok-a-Iips. 
\pocrypha. A-pok-ri-fq. 
\pallos, A-pol-os. 
Apollyon, A-pol-yon. 
Appaim, Ap'a-im. 
Apphia, Af i-q. 
Apphu?, Af'us. 
Aquila, Ak'wi-lq. 
Ar, flr. 
Ara, I'ra. 
Arab, I'rab. 
Arabah, Ar'a-bq. 
Arabattine, Ar-a-bat-i-DE. 
Arabia, A-ra-bi-q. 
Arad, 3'rad. 
Aradite, 3'rad-jt. 
Aradus, Ar'a-dus. 
Arab, 3'ra. 
Aram, 3'ram. 
Aran, il'ran. 
Ararat, Ar'a-rat. 
Araunah, A-re-na. 
Arba, or Arbah, flr'ba. 
A.rbal, flr'bal. 
Arbattis, flr-bat-is. 
Arbela, Hr-be-la. (Syria.} 
Arbella, Hr-bel-a. 
Arbite, Hr'bjt. 
Arbonai, flr-bo-na-j. 
Archelaus, Hr-ks-la-us. 
Archestratus, flr-kes-tra- 


Archevites, flr'ke-vits. 
Archi, flr'kj. [rot. 

Archiataroth, flr-ki-at-a- 
Archippus, flr-kip-us. 
Archi tes, Hrk'jts. 
Ard, flrd. 
Ardath, flr'dat. 
Ardites, Hrd'jts. 
Ardon, flr'don. 
Areli, A-rs-lj. 

Arelites, A-re-ljts. 
Areopagite, 3-re-op-a-jjt. 
Areopagus, O-rE-op-a-gua, 

or Ar-e-op-a-gua. 
Ares, fl'rEZ. 
Aretas, A-re-tas. 
Areas, A-r^-us. 
Argob, flr'gob. 
Argol, flr'gol. 
Aridai, A-rid-a-j. 
Aridatha, A-rid-a-tq. 
Arieh, A-rj-e. 
Ariel, 3'ri-el. 
Arimathea, Ar-i-ma-te-0. 
Arioch, I'ri-ok. 
Arisai, A-ris-a-j. [Ins. 
Ari^tobulus, Ar-is-to-b^- 
Arkites, flrk'jts. [on. 

Armageddon, flr-ma-ged- 
Armishadai, Hr - mi - jad - 


Armon, flr'mon. 
Arnan, flr'nan. 
Arnepher, flr'ne-fer. 
Arnon, flr'non. 
Arod, 3'rod. 
Arodi, Ar'o-dj. 
Aroer, Ar'o-er. 
Arotn, 3'rom. 
Arpad, flr'pad, or 
Arphad, Hr'fad. 
Arphaxad, flr-faks-ad. 
Arsaces, flr'sa-sez. 
Arteraas, flr'tc-mas. 
Aruboth, Hr'yq,-bot. 
Arumah, A-rii6-nia. 
Arvad, flr'vad. 
Arvadites, flr'vad-jts. 
Arza, Hr'za. 
Asa, 3'sa. 
Asadias, As-a-dj-as. 
AsAel, As'a-el. 
Asahel, As'a-hel. 
Asaiah, As-a-j-a. 
Asana, As'a-nq. 
Asaph, 3'saf. 
Asaphar, As'a-fqr. 
Asara, As'a-rq. 
Asareel, A-sar-e-el. 
Asarelah, As-a-re-la. 
Asbazareth, As-baz-a-ret. 
Ascalon, As'ka-lon. 
Aseas, A-sg-as. 
Asebebia, A-seb-e-bj-a. 
Asebia, As-e-bj-a. 
Asenath, As'e-nat. 
Aser, 3'ser. 
Aserar, A-se-rar. 
Ashabiah, AJ-a-bj-a. 
Ashan, (I 'Jan. 



Ashbea, AJ'be-q. 
Ashbel, AJ'bel. 
Ashbelite-j, AJ'bel-jts. 
Ashdod, AJ'dod. 
Ashdothites, AJ'dot-jts. 
Ashdoth Pisgah, AJ'dot 


Ashean, a'Je-an. 
Asher, AJ'er. 
Ashinia.h, AJ'i-mafi. 
Ashkenaz, AJ'ke-naz 
Ashnnh, Aj'na. 
Ashon, a'Jon. 
Ashpenaz, AJ'ps-naz. 
Ashriel, AJ'ri-el. 
Ashtaroth, A/'ta-rot. [jts. 
Ashtarothites, A/'ta-rot- 
Ashtemoth, Af'le-mot. 
Ashualh, A-Ji^-at. 
Ashur, AJ'ur. 
Ashurim, A-Ji^-rim. 
Ashurites, Afur-jt3. 
Asia, a'/i-a. 
Asibias, As-i-bj-as. 
Asiel, a'si-el. 
Asipha, As'i-fq. 
Askelon, As'ke-lon. 
A.-'iu.-idai, As'ma-da. 
Asmaveth, As'ma-vet. 
Asmoduus, As-m(3-de-u3. 
Astnoneans, As - mo - ne - 


Asnah, As'na. 
Asnapper, As-nap-er. 
Asochis, A-scS-kis. 
Asoin, ft'wm. 
Aspatha, As'pa-tci. 
Asphar, As'far. 
Aspharasus, As-far-a-sus. 
Asriel, As'ri-el. 
Assabias, As-a-bj-as. 
Assalitnoth, A-sal-i-mofi. 
Assania.s, As-a-nj-as. 
Asaideans, As-i-de-anz. 
Assir, As'er. 
Assos, As'oa. 
Astaroth, As'ta-rofl. 
Astarte, As-tqr-te. 
As lath, As' tat. 
Asuppim, A-siip-im. 
Asyncritus, A-sin-kri-tus. 
Atad, fl'tad. 
Atarah, At'a-rq. 
Atargatis, A-t^r-ga-tis. 
Ataroth, At'a-rofi. 
Acer, 3 'tor. 

Acerezias, At-e-re-zj-as. 
Athack, a'ftak. 
Athaiah, At-a-j-a. 
Athaiiah, Afc-a-lj-a. 

Atharias, A6-a-r|-a. [us 
Athenubius, At-e-niS-bi- 
Athens, At'cnz. 
Athlai, At'la. 
Atrotb, At'rut. 
Altai, At'a. 
Attalia, At-a-lj-a, 
Attains, At'a-lus. 
Attharates, At-tar-a-tez. 
Augia, O'ji-<i. 
Auranitis, G-ra-nj-tis. 
Auranus, 6-ra-nus. 
Auteus, 9-ts-us. 
Ava, a'va. 
Avaran, Av'a-ran. 
Aven, a'ven. 
Avim, 3'vim. 
Avims, a'vimz. 
Avites, a'vjts. 
Avith, a'vift. 
Azaelus, Az-a-e-lus. 
Azah, a'za. 
Azal, 3'zal. 
Azaliah, Az-a-Ij-a. 
Azaaia, Az-a-nj-a. 
\zaphion, A-za-fi-on. 
\zara, Az'a-rq. 
Azareel, A-za-re-cl. 
Azariah, Az-a-rj-a. 
Azarias, Az-a-rj-as. 
Azaz, a'zaz. 
Azazel, A-za-zel. 
Azaziah, Az-a-zj-a. 
Azbazareth, Az-baz-a-ret. 
Azbuk, Az'buk. 
Azekah, A-ze-ka. 
Azel, a'zel. 
Azem, a'zem. 
Azephurith, Az-e-fii-ri6. 
Azer, a'zer. 
Azetas, A-ze-tas. 
Azgad, Az'gad. 
Azia, A-zj-a. 
Aziei, A-zj-e-j. 
Aziel, 3'zi-el. 
Aziza, A-zj-za. 
Aztnareth, Az'ma-vet. 
Azmon, Az'mon. [bor. 
Aznoth Tabor, Az'not Ta- 
Azor, a'zor. 
Azotus, A-z<5-tus. 
Azriel, Az'-ri-el. 
Azrikam, Az'ri-kam. 
Azubah, A-zi'^-ba. 
Azur, a'zur. 
Azuran, Az'yii,-ran. 
Azymites, Az'i-mjts. 
A /./.ah, A/.'n. 
Azzan, A/. 'an. 
Azzur, Az'ur. 


Baal, Ba-al, or 

Bel, Bel. 
Baalah, Ba-a-lq. 
Baalath, Ba-al-at. 
Baalath Beer, Be-er. 
Baal Berith, Ba-al Be-rit. 
B.ial Gad, Gad. 
Baal Hamon, Ham-on. 
Baal Hanan, Ilan-an. 
Haul Hazor, Ha-zor. 
Baal Hernon, Hr-non. 
Baali, Ba-al-j. 
Baalim, Ba-al-im. 
Baalis, Ba-a-lia. 
Baalle, Bd-al-e. 
Baal Meun, Ba-al Me-on. 
Baal Poor, Pe-or. 
Baal Perazim, Pdr-a- 

zira. [Jq. 

Baal Shalisha, Eal-i- 
Baal Tamar, Ta-mar. 
Baal Zebub, Ze-bub. 
Baal Zephon, : Ze-fon. 
Baana, Bfi-a-nq. 
Baanah, Ba-a-uq. 
Baanan, Ba-a-nan. 
Baanath, Ba-a-nat. 
Baanias, Ba-a-nj-as. 
Baara, Ba-a-rq. 
Baasha, Ba-a-/q. 
Baashah, Ba-a-Jq. 
B:ia-iah, Ba-a-sj-a. 
Babel, Ba-bel. 
Babi, Ba-bi. 
Uabylon, Bab-i-lon. 
I! nvi, Bd-ka. 
Uacchurus, Ba-kt^-rus. 
[5ach rites, Bak-rjts. 
Bachuth Alton, Bak-ut 


Bagoas, Ba-g(S-as. 
[Jagoi, Bag-o-i. [jt. 

Babaramiie, Ba-ha-rutn- 
liahuriin. Ba-hi^-rim. 
[Jajitb, Ba-jit. 
Uakbaker, Bak-bak-er. 
Bakbuk, Bak-buk. 
liakbukiah, l!.ik-buk-j-a. 
natn, Ba-lam. 
ailiiu, Bal-a-dan. 
Balah, Ba-la. 
lialak, Bii-lak. 
llalaiim, a-nii.). 
Lialanus, Bal-a-nus. 
LJaJthusar, Bal-la-sar. 



Barnah, Ba-ma. 
Bauioth, Ba-mot. [al Baal, Ba-mot Ba 
Ban, Ban. 
Banaias, Ban-a-j-as. 
Bani, Bti-ui. 
Banid, Ba-nid. 
Bannus, Ban-us. 
Banuas, Ban-yq-as. 
Barabbas, Ba-rab-as. 
Barachel, Bar-a-kel. 
Barachiah, Bar-a-kj-a. 
Barachias, Bar-a-kj-as. 
Barak, Ba-rak. 
B ircenor, B<|r-SE-nor. 
1> irg 1 ), Bqr-gu). 
B&rhuinitus, Bqr-hx^-mits 
B iriah, B:i-rj-a. 
Barje.sus, Bqr-jg-sas. 
Barjona, Bqr-jo-na. 
B:trkos, Bqr-kos. 
Barnabas, Bqr-na-bas. 

B trsuba-t, Bqr-sa-bas. 
Bartacus, Bqr-ta-kus. [rarj, 
Bartholomew, Bqr-t6I-o- 

B.iruch, Ba-ruk. 
Barzillai, Bqr-zil-a-j. 
Bascama, Bas-ka-mq. 
Bashan, Ba-Jan, or 
Bassan, Bas-an. 
Bashan Havoth Fair, Ba- 

Jau Ha-vot Fa-er. 
Bashemath, BaJ-e-inat. 
B;islith, Bas-lit. 
Basmath, Bas-mat. 
Bassa, Bas-a. 
Bastai, Bas-ta-j. 
Batane, Bat-a-ne. 
Bath, Bat. 

Bathaloth, Bat-a-lot. 
B.ithrabbim, Bat-rab-im. 
Bachsheba, Bat-Jg-bq. 
Bathshua, Bat-Jq-a. 
Bavai, Bav-a-j. 
Bealiah, Be-u-li-a. 
Bealoth, Bt-a-lot. 
Bean, Bg-iin. 
Bebai, Beb-a-j. 
Becuer, Be-qer. 
Beoboratb, Bg-kQ-rat. 
Bechtileth, Bek-ti-let. 
Bedad, Be-dad. 
Bedaiah, Bed-a-j-a. 
Beeliada, Bg-el-j-a-dq. 
Beel.-arus, Bg-el-sa-rus. 
Beeltethmus, Be - el - tet- 

Beelzebub, Bg-el-ze-bub. 


Beer, Be-er. 
Buera, Be-e-rd. 
Beerah, Be-e-ra, or 

Berah, Be-ra. 
Beerelim, Be-er--lira. 
Beeri, Be-e-rj. [i-rer. 

Beerlahairoi, Bs-er-la-ha- 
Beeroth, Be-E-rot. 
Beerothites. Bt-e-rot-jts. 
Beersheba, Bs-er-Js-bq. 
Beeshterah, Bs-^J-tg-rq. 
Behemoth, Be-hg-iaot. 
Bekah. Bg-ka. 
Bela, Be-la. 
Bulaites, Bg-la-jts. 
Belemus, Bel-g-uius. 
Belgai, Bel-ga-J. 
Belial, Be-li-al. 
Belmaiui, Bel-ma-im. 
Belmen, Bel-men. 
Belshazzar, Bel-Jaz-ar. [ar. 
Biilteshazsar, Bel - 1 - jaz- 
Beii, Ben. 

Bcrmiah, Bg-na-ya. 
Benamini, Ben-am-j. 
Beauberak, Bon-eb-e-rak. 
Benejaakam, Ben-g-ja-a- 

kam. [Ben-ha-dad. 
Benhadad, Ben-ha-dad, or 
Benhail, Ben-ha-il. 
Benhanan. Ben-ha-nan. 
Beninu, Bea-i-nn,. 
Benjamin, Ben-ja-tnin. 
Benjamite, Ben-ja-mjt. 
Benjaniites, Beu-ja-mjts. 
Beno, Be-no. 
Benoni, Bg-no-nj. 
Benui, Be-nq,-j. 
Benzohetb, Bea-zo-het. 
Beon, Be-on. 
Beor, Bg-or. 
Bera, Be-ra. 
Berachah, Ber-akq. 
Berachiah, Ber-a-kj-a. 
Beraiah, Ber-a-j-a. 
Borea, Bg-re-a. 
Bored, Be-red. 
Beri, Be-rj. 
Beriah, Be-rj-a. 
lierites, Be-rjts. 
lierith, Be-rit. [nis. 

[iernice, Ber-nj-se, or Ber- 
liErodach Baladan, Be-ro- 

dak Bal-a-dan. 
Beroth, Be- rot. 
lierotbai, Ber-o-ta. 
Berothatb, Bg-ro-tat. 
[Jeryl, Ber-il. 
tierzelus, Ber-zg-lus. 

Besor, Bg-sor. 
Betah, Bg-ta. 
Beten, Be-ten. 
Bethabara, Bet-ab-a-rq. 
Bethebarah, Bat-ab-a-rq. 
Bethanath, Be6-a-nat. 
Bethanoth, Bet-a-not. 
Bethany, Bet-a-ni. 
Betharabah, Bet-ar-a-bq. 
Betharain, Bet-a-rara. 
Betharbel, Bet-qr-bel. 
Bethaven, Bet-a-ven. 
Bethazmaveth, Befi-az-ma- 

vet. [me-on. 

Bethbaalmeon, Bet-ba-al- 
Bethbara, Bet-ba-ra. 
Bethbarah, Bet-ba-ra. 
Bethbasi, Bet-ba-si. 
Bethbirei, Bet-bir-g-j. 
Bethcar, Bet-kar. 
Buthdagon, Bet-da-gon. 
Bethdiblathaim, Bet-dib- 

Bethel, Bet-el. 
Bethelite, Bet-el-jt. 
Bcthemek, Bet-E-mek. 
Bether, Be-ter. 
Bethesda, Be-tez-da. 
Bethezel, Bet-e-zel. 
Bethgader, Bet-ga-der. 
Bethgauiul, Bet-ga-mul. 
Bethhaceerim, Bet - hak- 


Bethharan, Bet-ha-ran. 
Bethhoglah, Bet-hog-la. 
Bethhoron, Bet-hdi-ron. 
Bethjesimoth, Bet -jes-i- 


Bethlebaoth, Bet-leb-a-ot. 
Bethlehem, Bct-le-hem. 
Bethlehem Ephratah, Bet- 

Ig-bem Ef'nv-tq. [jt. 
Bethlehem Judah, Bet-ls- 

hem Jq,-da. 

Bethlomon, Bet-la-mon. 
Bethmaacah, Bet -ma- a- 

kq. [ka-bot. 

Bethmarcaboth, Bet-niq> 
Bethineon, Be{-mg-on. 
Bethnimrah, Bet-nim-ra. 
Bethoron, Bet-u-ron. 
Bethpalet, Bet-pa-let. 
Bethpazzer, Bet-paz-er. 
Bethpeor. Bet-pg-or. 
Bethphage, Bet-fa-je. 
Bethpheletj Bet-fg-let. 
Bethrabah,' Bet-ra-bq.' 
Bethrapha, Bet-ra-fql 
Bethrehob, Bet-re-b.i>b. 



Bothsaida, Bet-sa-i-dq. 

Beihsamos, Befc-sa-mos,, 

Bothshan, Be"t-Jan. 

Bethghean, Bet-Je-an. 

Bethshemesh, Bet-Je-meJ 

Bethshittah, Bet-Jit-a. 

B:thsimos, Bet-si -naos. 

Bethsura, Bet-sij,-ra> [q 

Bethtappua, Bet-tap-yij, 

Bethuel, Be-tq.-el. 

Bethul, BE-fcul. 

Bethulia, Bet-yq-lj-q. 

Bethzor, Bet-zor. 
Bethzor, Be't-zur. 

J'.L-tolitis, Be-t(i-li-us. 
Betomesthaiii, Bet-o-mes- 


Betonim, Bet-o-nim. 
Beulah, Bs-yq-la. 
Bezai, Bs-za. 
Bezaleel, Be-zal-s-el. 
Bezek, Be-zek. 
Bezer, Be-zer, or 
Bozra, B6z-ra. 
Bezeth, Be-zet. 
Biatas, Bj-a-tas. 
Bichri, Bik-rj. 
Bidkar, Bid-kar. 
Bigthah, Big-ta. 
Bigthan, Bi.<?-tan. 
Bigthana, Big-ta-nq. 
Bigvai, Big-va-j. 
Bildad, Bil-dad. 
Bileaiu, Bil-E-ain. 
Bilgah, Bil-ga. 
Bilgai, Bil-ga-j. 
Bilha, or Bilhah, Bil-ha. 
Bilhan, Bil-han. 
Bilshan, Bil-Jan. 
Bimhal, Biui-hal. 
Binea, Bin-s q. 
Binnui, Bin-yi|,-j. 
Birsha, Ber-Ja. 
Birzavith, Ber-za-vit. 
Bi<hlam, BiJ-Iatn. 
Bithiah, Bi-tj-a. 
Bithron, Bit-ron. 
Bizijothiah, Biz-i-jo-tj-a. 
Bizijothijah, Biz-i-jo-tj- 


Bizjothjah, Biz-jot-ja. 
Biztha, Biz-ta. 
Blastus, Blas-tus. 
Boanerges, BcD-a-ndr-jez. 
Bo.'iz, B6-az, or 

Booz, Ba-oz. 
Boccas, Bi>k-as. 
Bcxiheru, B6k-e-nft. 
Bochim, Bd>-kim. 
Bohan, B6-haa. 

Boscath, B6s-kaf). 
Bosor, B6-sor. 
Bosonv, B6s-o-rq. 
Bosruh, B6z-ra, 
BIJZCZ, Ba-zez. 
Bozrah, B6z-ra. 
Brigandine, Brig-an-djn. 
Bukki, Biik-j. 
Bukkiah, Buk-i-a. 
Bui, Bui. 
Bunah, Bi\-na. 
Buani, Biio-j. 
Buz, Buz. 
Buzi, Bi^-zi. 
Buzite, Biiz-jt. 


!ab, Kab. 

Jabbon, Kab-on. 

!abhem, Kab-ham. 

!abul, Ka-bul. 

Jaddis, Kad-is. 

Uades, Kd-dez., Ka-deJ. 
Caiaphas, Ka-ya-fas, or 

3ain, Kan. 

Hainan, Ka-j-nan. 

jairites, Ka-rjts. 

'alili, Ka-la. [a-lus. 

yalamolalus, Kal-a-mol- 

^alainus, Kal a-mus. 
Calcol, Kal-kol. 

]!aldees, Kal-dez. 

^aleb, Ka-leb. 
Caleb Ephratah, Ka-leb 

Calitas, Kal-i-tas. 

lulneth, Kal-net. 

!alno, Kal-no. 

^alphi, Kal-fj. 
Calvary, Kal-va-ri. 
Carnon, Ka-mon. 
Cana, Ka-na. [na-an. 
Canaan, Ka-nan, or Ka- 
Canaanites, Ka-nan-jts,o/ 

Candace, Kan-da-se. 
Canneh, Kan-e. 
Canveh, Kan-ve. [urn. 
CapernauTi, Ka-pdr-na- 
Capharsatamah, Kaf-ar- 


Capbenatha, Ka-fe'n-a-tq. 
Caphira, Ka-fj-ra. 
Caphtor, Kaf-tor. 

Capbtorim, Kaf-to-rim. 
Caphtoriins, Kaf-to-riinz. 
Cappadocia, Kap-a-d6-Ji- 
q. [on. 

Carabasion, Kar-a-ba-gi- 
Carcb&mta, Kqr-ka-tui*. 
hemish, Kqr-ke-uiiJ. 
Careah, Ka-re-a. 
Caria, Ka-ri-d. 
Carcas, Kq>-ka.. [anz. 
Cartnanians, Kar-ma-ni- 
Carme, Kq>-mg. 
Carrael, Kdr-mel. 
Carmelite, Ko^r-mel-jt. [es. 
Carmulite.-s, K^r-mel-jt- 
Carmi, K4r-mj. 
Carmites, Kqr-mjts. 
Darnaim, Kqr-na-im. 
Darnion, Kqr-ni-on. 
Carpus, Kor-pus. 
"iarsbena, Kqr-Je-nd. 

asiphia, Ka-sif-i-q. 

a-leu, Kas-lq. 

'aslubim, Kas-tq-bim. 
Uasphor, Kas-far. 
^aspis, Kas-pis, or 

! a.sphin, Kas-fin. 
^athuath, Ka-tq-aft. 
^edron, Se-dron. 
3eilan, S|-lan. 
^elemia, Scl-e-mj-a. 
]!enchrea, Sen-kre-d. 
Cendebeus, Sen-de-b8-us. 
Centurion, Sen-tq-ri-on. 
Cephas, Se-fas. 

era^ Sg-ras. 
3eteb, Se-teb. 
~habris, Ka-bris. 

hadias, Ka-di-as. 

habeas, Kg-re-as. 
Chalcedony, Kal-se-do-ni. 
^halcol, Kal-kol. 
^haldea, Kal-dg-d. 
Shanes, Ka-nrz. [us. 

Jhannuneus, Kan-yq,-ns- 
'haraatbalas, Kar-a-at-a- 


haraca, Krir-a-kq. 

harasim, Kar-a-siin. 
'harcus, Kqr-kas. 
~harea, Ka-re-d. 

hannis, Kq>-mis. 
^harran, Kar-un. 
^hasaba, Kas-e-bq. 
"hebar, Kg-bqr. [o-mer. 

hederlaomer, Ked-er-la- 

hclal, Ke-lal. 
^helcias, Kel-Ji-as. 

hellians, K^l-i-anz. 
Chellub, Kel-ab. 



Chellus, Ke"I-u*. 
Chelod, Ke-lod. 
Chelub, Ke-lub. 
Chelubai, Ks-liVba. 
Chelubar, Ke-U'i-bar. 
Chemariras, Ketn-a-rimz. 
Chetnosh, Ke-moJ. 
Chenaanah. Ke-na-a-nq. 
Chenani, Ken-a-nj. 
Chenaniah, Ken-a-nj-a. 
Chephar Haumonai, KE- 

far Ha-ain-o-na. 
Chephirah, Ke-fj-ra. 
Cheran, Ke-ran. 
Chereas, Ke-rs-as. 
Cherethims, Ker-et-imz. 
Cherethites, Ker-et-jts. 
Cherith, Ke-rit, or 
Cherish, Kg-rij. 
Cherub, Ke-rub, (a city.} 
Cherub, 6er-ub. 
Cherubim, ^er-yi\,-bim. 
Chesalon, Kes-a-lon. 
Chesed, Ke-sed. 
Chesil, Ke-sil. 
Chesud, Ke-sud. 
Chesulloth, Ke-sdl-ot. 
Chetim, Ket-im. 
Chezib, Ke-zib. 
Chidon, Kj-don. 
Chilion, Ki-lj-on. 
Chiliab, Kil-e-ab. 
Chilraad, Kil-mad. 
Chimham, Kim-ham. 
Chisleu, Kis li],, 

Casleu, Kas-lri, or 

Cisleu, Sis-lq,. 
Chislon, Kis-lon. [Ta-bor. 
Chisloth Tabor, Kis-lot 
Chittim, Kit-im. 
Chiun, Kj an. 
Chloe, K16-8. 
Choba, Ku-ba. 
Chorasin, Ko-ra-sin, or 
Chorashan, Ko-ra-Jan, or 
Chorazin, Ko-ra-zin. 
Chosamcus, Kos-a-me-us. 
Chozeba, Ko-ze-ba. 
Christ, Krist. 
Chub, Kub. 
Chun, Kun. 
Chusa, Ki\,-sa, or 
Chuza, Ki\-za. 
Chushan Rishathaim,KuJ- 

an RiJ-a-ta-im. 
Chusi, Ki^-sj. 
Cinnereth, Sin-e-ret, or 
Cinneroth, Sin-e-rot. 
Cirama, Sir-a-mq. 
Cisui, Sj-sa. 

Cisleu, Sis-lq. 
Citherus, Sit--rus. 
Cittims, Sit-im. 
Clauda, Klo-da. 
Cleasa, Kle-a-sa. 
Clement, Kle'm-ent. 
Cleophas, Kle-o-fas, or 
Cleopas, Kle-o-pas. 
Cloe, Klcb-e. 
Cnidus, Nj-dus. 
Colhozeh, Kol-ho-ze. 
Collius, Kol-i-us. 
Colosse, Ko-los-e. 
Colossians, Ko-loJ-i-anz. 
Coniah, Ko-nj-a. 
Cononiah, Kon-o-nj-a. 
Cor, Kor. 
Corban, Ker-ban. 
Corbe, Kor-bs. 
Core, K6-re. 
Corinth, Kor-int. [anz 
Corinthians, Ko-rin-ti- 
Cosam, K6-sam. 
Coatha, Ki-ta. 
Coz, Koz. 
Co-ibi, Koz-bj. 
Cresens, Kres-enz. 
Cretan?, Kre-tanz. 
Crete, Kret. 
Cretes, Krets. 
Cretians, Kre-Ji-anz. 
Cubit, Ki\,-bit. 
Cush, Kuf. 
Cushan, Ki\-Jan. 
Cushan Rishathaim, Ki|- 

Jan RiJ-a-fia-iia. 
Cushi, Ki'i-Jj. 
Cuth, Kut, or 
Cuthah, Kiit-a. 
Cutheans, Kq-te-anz. 
Cyainon, Sj-a-uaon. 
Gyrene, Sj-re-ng. 
Cyrenius, Sj-re-ni-us. 


[abareh, Dab-a-re. 
Onbbasheth, Dab-a-Jet. 
Daberath, Dab-e-rat. 
Dabria, Da-bri-a. 
Oacobi, Da-k6-bj. 
Oaddeus, Da-de-ns. 
Dagon, Da-gon. 
Oaisan, Da-san. 
Dalaiah, Dal-a-j-a. 
Dalilah, DAl-i-lq. [ta, 
Dalmaautha, Dtil-ma-nij,- 

Dalphon, Dal-fon. 
Damaris, Dam-a-ris. 
Damascenes, Dam-a-sensi. 
Dan, Dan. 
Daniel, Dan-yel. 
Danites, Dan-jts. 
Danjnan, Dan-ja-an. 
Dannah, Dan-a. 
Danobrath, Dan-o-brat. 
Dara, Da-ra. 
Darda, l)qr-da. 
Darian, Dd-ri-an. 
Darken, Dqr-kon. 
Dathan, Dii-tan. 
Dathemah, Dat-E-mq> 
Dathmah, Dat-ma. 
David, Da-vid. 
Debir, De-ber. 
Deborah, Deb-o-rq. 
Decapolis. DE-kap-o-lis. 
Dedan, De-dan. 
Dedanim, Ded-a-nim. 
Dedaniins, Ded-a-nimz. 
Dehavites, De-ha-vjts. 
Dekar, De- kar. 
Delaiah, Del-a-j-d. 
Delilah, Del-i-lq. 
Demas, De-mas. 
Derbe, Der-be. 
Dessau, Des-e. 
Deuel, De-yt|-el. [o-mi. 
Deuteronom}', Dq,-ter-ou- 
Diblaim, Dib-la-im. 
Diblath, Dib-lat. 
Dibon, Dj-bon. 
Dibon Gad, Dj-bon Gad. 
Dibri, Dib-rj. 
Dibzahab, Dib-za-hab, or 
Dizahab, Diz-a-hab. 
Didrachm, Dj-dram. 
Didymus, Did-i-inus. 
Diklah, Dik-la, or 
Dildah, Dil-da. 
Dilean, Dil-e-an. 
Dimnah, Dim-na. 
Dimon, Dj-mon. 
Dimonah, Dj-m<fi-na. 
Dinah, Di-na. 
Dinaites, Dj-na-jts. 
Dinhabah, Din-ha-bq. 
Diotrephes, Dj-6t-re-fez. 
Dishan, Di-Jan. 
Dishon, Dj-Jon. 
Dizahab, Diz-a-hab. 
Docus, D6-kus. 
Dodai, D6d-a-j. 
Dodanini, D6d-a-nim. 
Dodovah, D6d-a-vq. 
Dodo, Do-do. 
Doeg, D6-eg. 



Dophkah, D6f-ka. 

Elead, 8'le-ad, or 8-le-ad. 

Dor, Dor. 

Elealeh, 8-le-a-le. 

Dora, Dti-ra. 

Elejisah, 8-ls-a-sq. 

lX>rc;ts, Uiir-kas. 

Eletizer, 8-le-a-zer. 

Doryiiienes, Dia-rim-e-nez. 

Eleiizurus, 8-le-a-zi\-rus. 

Dosithcus, Dia-sit-e-us. 

Elelohe Israel, El-e-lo-be 

Diithaim. Dii-ta im, or 


Dolbiin, D6-6an. 

Eleph, 8'lef. 

Duioah, Ui),-uia. 

Eleutherus, 8 h'v-te-rus. 

Dura, Di'^-ra. 

Eluuzai, El-yq-za-j. 

K;lnn:in, El-ha-uan. 

Eli, 8'li. 
Eliab, 8-li-ab. 

Eliada, 8-lj-a-dq. 


Eliadah, 8-lj-a-dq. 

Eliadun, 8-lj-a-dun. 

Eanas, 8'a-nas. 

Elinh, 8-lj-a. 

Ebal, 8'bal. 

Eliahba, 8-lj-a-bq. 

Ebed, 8'bed. [lek. 

Eliakim, 8-lj-a-kim. 

Ebedinelech, 8-b6d-ine- 

Eliali, 8-lj-a-lj. 

Ebenezcr, Eb-ea-e-zer. 

Elium, 8-lj-ain. 

Eber, 8'ber. 

Elias, 8-lj-;is. 

Ebiasaph, 8-bi-a-saf. 

Eliasaph, 8-lj-a-saf. 

Ebrunah, 8-bro-na. 

Eliashib. 8-lj-a-Jib. 

Ecunus, 8-ka-nus. 

Eliasis, 8 Ij-a-sis. 

EcbaUna, Ek-bat-a-nn. 

Elintha, 8-lj-a-tq, or 

Ecclesiastes, Ek-le-zi-as- 

Eliathah, 8-lj-a-tq. 

tez. [ti-kus. 

Eliazar, 8-li-a-zar. 

Ecclesiasticus, Ek-le-zi-as- 

Elidad. 8-lj-dad. 

Ed, Ed. 

Eliel, 8'li-el. 

Edar, 8'dar. 

Elienai, 8-li-e-na-j. 

Eden, 8'den. 

Eliezer, 8-li-e-zer. 

Eder, S'der. 

Elihaha, 8-lj-ha-bq. 

Edes, S'des. 

Elihaena. El-i-he-na. 

Edias, 8'di-as. 

Elihosnai, El-i-he-na-j. 

Edna, Ed'na. 

Elihoreph, El-i-h(i-re. 

Edom, 8'dom. 

Elihu, 8-lj-hn,. 

Edomites. 8'dom-jts. 

Elijah, 8-lj-ja. 

Edrei, Ed're-j. . 

Elika, El'i-kq. 

Eglah, Es;'la. 

Klim, 8'lim. 

E^luiin, E%'\a-im. 

Elirnelech, 8-Hm-e-lek. 

Eglon, Eg'lon. 

Eliosnai, 8-li-e-na-j. 

Egypt, 8'jipt. 

Elionas, 8-li-6-nas. 

Ebi, 8'hj. 

Eliphal, El'i-fal. 

Ehud, 8'hud. 

Eliphaleh. 8-lif-a-lq. 

Eker, S'kcr. 

Eliphaz, El'i-fuz. 

Ekrebel, Ek're-bel. 

Eliphelet, 8-lif-e-let. 

Ekron, Ek'ron. 

Elisabeth, 8-liz-a-bet. 

Ekronites, Ek'ron-its. 

Elisaeus, El-i-se-us. 

Ela, S'la. 

Etiseus, El-i-3E-u3. 

Eladah, El'a-d^. 

Elisha, 8-lj-Ja. 

Elah, 8'la. 

Elishah, 8-lj-Ja. 

Elsun, 8'lam. 

Elisharaa, 8-liJ-a-mq. 

Elamites, 8'lam-jts. 

Elishamah, 8-liJ-a-mq. 

Elasah, El'a-sq. 

Elishnphat, 8-liJ-a-fat. 

Elath, 8'lat. 

Elisheba, 8-liJ-e-bq. 

Elbothel, El-bet-el. 

Elishua, El-i-Ji'i,-a. 

Elcia, El'Ji-o.. 

Elisimus, 8-lis-i-inus. 

Eldaah, El'da-q. 

Eldad, El'dud. 

Eliu, 8 Ij-vi],. 
Eliud, 8-li-ud. 

Rlizaphan, f'-liz-a-fan. 
Kli/.ur, 8-li-zur. 
Klkaniih, El'ka-nq. 
Elkoahite, El'ko-Jjt. 
Ellasar, El'a-sqr. 
Elmodam, El'mu-dam. 
Elnaam, El'iia-um. 
Elnathan, El'ua-tan, or 

Elon, 8'lon. 
Eton Bethbanan, 8'lon 

Elonites, 8'lon-Jts. 
Eloth, 8'l"t. 
Elptuil, El'pa-al. 
Elpalet, El'pa-let. 
Elpanm, El-pa-ran. 
Eltekeh, El'te-ke. 
Eltuketh, El'te ke. 
Eltekon, El'te-kon. 
Eltulad. El'U)-lad. 
Elul, JB'luI. 
Eluzai, 8-hVzn-j. 
Elyunais, El-i-ma-ia. 
Elyinas, El'i-mas. 
K!/.iil>;id, El'za-b;id. 
Klzapban, El'za-fan. 
Einalcacl, Em-al-ki^-cl. 
Eiuanuel, 8-unan-yn,-el. 
Kinirn-i, 8'oiimz. 
Einmaus. Em'u-us. 
E miner, Em'er. 
Etnor, 8'tuor. 
Enain, 8'nam. 
Enan, 8'nan. 
Endor, En'dor. 
Euciis, 8'ns-as. 
Eneglaiuo. En-eg-la-im. 
Enemcssar, En-e-ines-ar. 
Encnias, 8-ne-ni-a9. 
Engannitn, En-gaa-im. 
Engedi, En'^e-dj. 
Enhaddah, En -had -a. 
Enbakkore, En-h.-ik-o-re. 
Enhazor, En-ha-zor. 
Enmishpat, En-iuiJ-pat. 
Enoch, 8'nok. 
Enon, 8'non. 
Enos, 8'nos. 
Enosh, 8'noJ. 
Enrimraon. En-rim-on. 
Enrogel, En-ro-^el. 
Ensheincsh, En'Je-meJ. 
Entappuah, En-tnp-yn-q. 
Epaphras, Ep'a-fras. 
Epophroditu*, 8-paf-ro- 


Epenetu?, 8-pen-e-tus. 
Ephah, 8'fa. 
Ephai, 8'fa. 


Ephcr, 8'fer. 
Ephes-dammim, 8'fes- 


Ephesians, 8-fe-ji-anz. 
Ephlal, Ef'lal. 
Ephod, 8'fod. 
Ephor, 8'for. 
Ephphatha, Ef'a-tq. 
Ephraira, 8'fra-im. 
Ephraimites, 8'fra-im-jts. 
Ephratafa, EPra-tq. 
Ephrath, Ef'rat. 
Ephrathites, Ef'rat-jts. 
Ephron, 8'fron. 
Er, Er. 
Eran, 8'ran. 
Eranite.-!, S'ran-jts. 
Erastus, 8-ras-tus. 
Erecli. 8'rek. 
Eri, 8'rj. 
Esa, 8'sa. 
Esaias, 8-za-yag. 
Esarhaddon, 8'sar-had-on. 
Esau, S'sw. 
Esdras, Es'dras. 
Esdrelon, Es-dre-lon. 
Esebon, Es'e-bon. 
Esebrias, 8-ss-bri-as. 
E*ek, 8'sek. 
Eshbaal, Ef'ba-al. 
Eshban, Ej'ban. 
Eshcol, Ej'kol. 
Eshean, 8'Je-an. 
Eshek, 8'Jek. 
Eshkalon. Efka-lon. 
Eshtaol, EJ'ta-ol. 
Eshtaulites, EJ'to-ljts. 
Eshtemoa, Ef-tein-o-ci. 
Eshtemoth, EJ'te-mot. 
Eshton, Ej'ton. 
Es[\, Es'lj. 

Esmachiah, Es-ma-kj-a. 
Esora, 8-so-ra. 
Esril. Es'ril. 
Esrom, Es'rom. 
Essenes, Es-snz. 
Esthaol, Est'ha-ol. 
Esther, Es'ter. 
Etatn, 8'tara. 
Ethatn, 8'tam. 
Ethan, 8'6an. 
Ethanim, Et'a-nim. 
Ethbaal. Efc'ba-al. 
Ether, 8'ter. 
Ethma, Et'tna. 
Ethnan, Et'nan. 
Ethni, Ei'ni. 
Euasibus, Yi|-as-i-bus. 
Eubulus, Yti-bi^-lus. 
Euuathan, \4,-na-tan. 

Eunice, Ytj-nj-SE. 
Euodias, Yi^-a-di-as. 
Eupolemus, Yi^-pol-s-mus. 
E uroclydon, Yi], - rok - li - 


Eutyohus. Yu-ti-kus. 
Eve, Gv. 

Evi, 8'vj. Fr6-dak, 

Evil Merodach, S'vil Me- 

or 8'vil Mer-ca-dak. 
Exodua, Eks'o-dus. 
E/.ar, 8'zar. 
Ezbai, Ez'ba-j. 
Ezbon, Ez'bon. 
Ezechias, Ez-8-k)-a3. 
Ezekias, Ez-e-kj-as. 
Ezekinl, S-ze-ki-el. 
Ezel, 8'zel. 
Ezem, 8'zem. 
Ezer, S'zer. 
Ezerias, Ez-e-rj-as. 
Ezias, 8-zj-as. 
Ezion Gebar, 8'zi-on Ge- 

bar, or [ber. 

Ezion -geber, 8'zi-on-je- 
Eznite, Ez'njt. 
Ezra, Ez'ra. 
Ezrahite, Ez'ra-hjt. 
Ezri, Ez'rj. 
Ezriel, Ez'ri-el. 
Ezril, Ez'ril. 
Ezron, Ez'ron. 
Ezronites, Ez'ron-jta. 


Felix, Fe-liks. 
Festus, Fes-tus. 
Fortunatus, Fer-tq,-na-tus. 


Gaal, Ga-al. 
Gaash, Ga-aJ. 
Gaba, Ga-ba. 
Gabael, Gab-a-el. 
Gabatha, Gab-a-tq. 
Giibbai, Gab-a-j. 
Gabbatha. Gab-a-tq. 
Gabrias, Ga-bri-as. 
Gabriel, Ga-bri-el. 
Gad, Gad. 
Gadara, Gad-a-rq. 
Gadarenes, Gad-a-'renz. 

addes, Gad-ez. 

raddiel, Gad-i-el. 

'<*d\, Ga-dj. 
Sadites, Gad -its. 
Saham, Ga-bam. 
Gahar, Ga-har. 
Gaius, Ga-yus. 
Galaad, Gal-a-ad. 
Galal, Ga-lal. 
Galeed, Gal-8-ed. 
Galgala, Gal-ga-lq. 
Galilee, Gal-i-lg. 
Gallim, Gal-itn. 
Gallic, Gal-i-o. 
Gamael, Gam-a-el. 
Gamaliel, Ga-ma-li-el. 
Gatnraadims, Gam-a-diml. 
Gamul, Ga-inul. 
Gar, Gqr. 
Gareb, Ga-reb. 
Garizim, Gar-i-zim. 
Garmites, Gqr-mjts. 
Gashinu, GaJ-mi],. 
Gatam, Ga-tam. 
Gath, Gat. 

Gath Hepher, Gat Hg'-fer. 
Gath Riuimon, Gat Rim- 

Gaulan, Ge-lan. 
Gaulon, Ge-lon. 
Gaza, Ga-za. 
Gazabar, Gaz-a-bqr. 
Gazara, Ga-za-ra. 
Gazathites, Ga-za6-jt8. 
Gazer, Ga-zer. 
Gazera, Ga-zg-ra. 
Gazez, Ga-zez. 
Gazites, Gaz-jts. 
Gazzam, Gaz-am. 
Geba, Ge-ba. 
Gebal, Ge-bal. 
Gebar, Ge-bar. 
Geber, Ge-ber. 
Gebim, Ge-bim. 
Gedaliah, Ged-a-lj-a. 
Geddur, Ged-ur. 
Geder, Ge-der. 
Gederah, Ge-de-rq. 
Gederite, Ged-e-rjfc. 
Gederoth, Ge-dg-rot. 
Gederothaim, Ged-e-rot-a- 


Gedir, Gs-der. 
Gedor, Ge-dor. 
Gehazi. Ge-ha-zj. 
Geliloth, Gel-i-lot. 
Gemalli, GE-mal-j. 
Gemariah, Gem-a-ri-a. 
Genesareth, Ge-nes-a-roJ. 
Genesis, Jea--sis. 



Genezar, Ge-n-ar. 
Genneus, Gen-e-us. 
Gentiles, Je'n-tjls. 
Geaubath, Ge-nq,-baO. 
Geon, GE-OU. 
Gera, Ge-ra. 
Gerah, Ge-ra. 
Gerar, G-rar. 
Gerasa, GeV-a-sq. 
Gergashi, G^r-ga-JJ. 
G"ergashites, Ger-ga-Jjts. 
Gergesenes, Gr-ge-senz. 
Gerizim, Ger-i-zim. 
Gerraeans, Ger-e'-anz. 
Gerrinians, Gcr-in-i-anz. 
Gershom, Ger-Jom. 
Gershon, Ger-Jon. 
Gershonites, Ger-Jon-jts. 
Gershur, Ger-Jur. 
Gesem, Ge-sem. 
Geshan, Ge-Jan. 
Goshem, Ge-Jein. 
Geshur, Ge-Jur. 
Geshnrri, GeJ-yq,-rj. 
Geshurites, Gef-yq.-qts'. 
Getholias, Get-o-lj-as. 
Gethsemane, Geb-sem-a- 


Gethur, Gl-tur. 
Geuel, Ge-yi'i-el. 
Gezsr, Ge-zer. 
Gezerites, Ge-zer-jt. 
Giah, Gj-a. 
Gibbar, Gib-ar. 
Gibbethon, Gib-e-ton. 
Gibea, Gib-e-q. 
Gibeah, Gib-s-q. 
Gibeath, Gib-e-afi. 
Gibeon, Gib-g-on. 
Gibeonites, Gib-e-on-jts. 
Giblite?, Gib-ljta. 
Giddalti, Gid-al-tj. 
Giddel, Gid-el. 
Gideon, Gid-e-on. 
Gideoni, Gid-e-c5-n{. 
Gidom, Gj-dom. 
Gier Eagle, Jj er S'gl. 
Gihon, Gj-hon. 
Gilalai, Gil-a-la. 
Gilboa, Gil-bo-q. 
Gilead, Gil-e-ad. 
Gileadite, (Jil-e-ad-jt. 
Gilgal, Gil-gal. 
Giloh, Gj-lo. 
Gilonite, (Ji-lo-njt. 
Gimzo, Girn-zo. 
Ginath, G|-nat. 
Ginnetho, Gin-e-to. 
Ginnethon, Gin-e-ton. 
Girgashi, G^r-ga-JJ. 

Gergashites, G^r-ga-Jits. 
Gispa, Gis-pa. [fer, 

Giitah Hcpher, Git-a He- 
Gittaim, Git-a-im. 
Gittite, Git-jt. 
Gittites, Git-jts. 
Gittith, Git-i6. 
Gizonite, Gj-zo-nit. 
Glede, Gled. 
Gnidus, Nj-dns. 
Goath, Go-aft. 
Gob, Gob. 
Gog, Gog. 
Golan, Gii-lan. 
Golgotha, Gol-go-tq. 
Goliah, Go-lj-a. 
Goliath, Go-lj-afi. 
Gomer, G6-raer. 
Gomorrah, Go-m6r-a. 
Gopherwood, G6-fer-wud. 
Gorgias, Gar-ji-as. 
Gortyna, GJr-ti-nq, or Ger- 


Goshen, GcS-Jen. 
Gothoniel, Ga-ton-i-el. 
Gozan, G^-zan. 
Graba, Gra-ba. 
Grecia, Gre-Ji-q. 
Gudgodah, Gud-go-dq.. 
Guni. Gij,-nj. 
Gunites, Gq,-njts. 
Gur,- Gur. 
Gurbaal, Gur-ba-al. 


ETaahashtari, Ha-a-ha/-ta- 
Habaiah, Ha-ba-ya. [ri. 
Habakkuk, Hab-a-kuk. 
Habergeon, Ha-ber-je-on. 
Habor, Ha-bor. 
Hachaliah, Hak-a-lj-a. 

, Hak-i-lq. 
Hachmoni, Hak-mo-nj. 
flachmonito, Hak-ino-njt. 
rlnda, Ila-do. 
Hadad, Ha-dad. 
Hadadezer, Had-ad-^-zer. 
II.-i !::! Rimmon, Ha-dad 

Hadar, Ha-dar. 

iuh. Had-a-Jq. 

;i, Ha-das-a. 

ah, Ha-das-a. 

11: id. -Utah, Ha-dat-d. 

Hadid Ha-did. 

Hadlai, Had-Ia-j. 
Hadorara, Ha-d6-ram. 
Hadrach. Ha-drak. 
Hagb, Ha-gab. 
Hagabah, Hag-a-bq. 
Hagai, Hag-a-J. 
Hagar, Ha-gar. 
H-igarenos, Ha-gar-^nz. 
Hagarites, Ha-gar-jta. 
Haggai, Hag-a-j. 
Haggari, Hag-a-rj. 
Haggeri, Hag-e-ri. 
Haggi, Hag-j. 
Bajgtah, Ha-gj-a. 
Haggites, Hag-jts. 
lli-,Mth, Hag-it. 
Hai, Ha-j. 

Hakkatan. Hak-a-tan. 
Hakkoz, Hak-oz. 
Hakupha, Ha-ki^-fa. 
Halac, Hfi-lak. 
Halah. Ha -la. 
Hali, Ha-lj. 

Hallelujah, Hal-e-lq,-yd. 
Halloesh, Ha-16-e/. 
Hallul, Hal-ul. 
Ham, Ham. 
Hainan, Ha-man. 
Hamath, Ha-mat, or 

Hemath, He-mat. 
Hamathite, Ha-uiat-it. 
"imtth Zobah, Ha-mat 


Hameleob, Ham-e-lek. 
Hamital, ILun-i-tal. 
mmath, Ham -at. 
Hammedatha, Ha-m^d-a- 

tq. [kefi. 

Hammoleketh, Ha-mol-e- 
Hammon, Ham-on. 
Hamonah, Ham-o-nq. 
Hamon Gog, Ha-mon Gog. 
Hamor, Ha-mor. 
Ha-moth, Ha-mot. 
Hainoth Dor, fLi-mot Dar. 
Harauel, Ha-mi'i-el. 
Hamul, Ha-mul. 
Hatnulites, Ha-mul-|ts. 
Uamutal, Ha-mii-tal, or 

tlanainccl, Ha-nam-e-el, 

or Han-a-mel. 
IF man. Ha-nan. 
Hananeel, Ha-nan-e-cl, or 

Hau-a-nel. [na-nj. 

ll.iuani, Han-a-nj, or Ha- 
1 1 inaniah. If ui-a-nj a. 
FLines, Ha-nez. 
llaiiirl, Han-i-el. 
Hannah, Han-a. 



Hannathon, Han-a-ton. 
Hanniel, Han-i-el. 
Hinoch, Ha-nok. 
Hinochite--, Ha-nok-jts. 
Hanun, Ha-nun. 
Hapharaira, Haf-a-ra-im. 
Har, Ha-ra. 
Haradah, Har-a-dq, or Ha- 

ra-da. [ra-a. 

Haraiah, Har-a-j-a, or Ha- 
ll iran, Ha-ran. 
Har.irite, Ka-ra-rjt. 
Harbona, Hqr-bco-na, or 


Harbonah. Hqr-bu>-na. 
Hareph, Ha-ref. 
Hareth, HaTefi. 
Harhass, Hqr-has. 
Harhata, Hqr-ha-tq. 
Harhur, Hqr-hur. 
Harira, HA-rira. 
Hariph, Ha-rif. 
Harnepher, Hqr-ne-fer, or 

Ha rod, Ha-rod. 
Harodite, Ha-rod-jt. 
Haroah, Har-o-e, or Ha- 


Harorite, Ha-ro-rjt. 
Haro^heth, Har-o-JeD. 
Hursha, Hqr-Ja. 
Harum, Ha-rum. 
Haruraaph, Ha-rt6-maf. 
Haruphite, Ha-rA-fjt. 
Haruz, Ha-ruz. 
Ha.sadiah, Has-a-d]-a. 
Hasenuah, Has--ni],-a. 
Jlishabiah, HaJ-a-bj-a. 
Kashabnah, HiJ-ab-na. 
llashabniah, ILif-ab-nj-a. 
Hashbadana, Ha/-bad-a- 
Hishera, Ha-Jem. [nq. 
Hishmonah, HaJ-m6-na. 
Hisham, Ha-Juin. 
Hashupha. Ha-Ji\,-fa. 
Hasrah, Has-ra. 
Hassenaah, Has-g-na-a. 
Hasupha, Ha-si^-fa. 
Hatach, Ha-tak. 
Hathath. Ha-tat. 
Hatita, Hat-i-tq. 
Hittil, Hat-il. 
Hattipha, Ha-tj-fa. 
Hattush, Hat-uJ. 
Hauran, HWan. 
Havilah, Hav-i-Iq. 
H ivoth Jair, Ha-vofi Ja-er 
Hazael, Haz-a-el. 
Hazaiah, Ha-za-ya. [ar 
Hazar AJdar, Ha-zar Ad' 

lazar Snan, Ha-zar S'nan. 

lazar Gaddah, Gad-a. 

lazer Haticon, Hat-i- 

I >zar Maveth, Ma-vet. 

laz.iroth, Ha-7.a-rot. [al. 

lazar Shual, Ha-zar Xq,- 

lazar Susah, Si\-sa. 

lazar Susim, Svj,-sim. 

lazel Elponi, Ha-zel El- 

iazeritn, Ha-zs-rim. 

lazer Shusim, Ha-zer 
sim. [Ta-mar. 

lazezon Tamar, Haz--zon 

laziel, ITa-zi-el. 

iazo, Hfi-zo. . 

iazor, Ha-zor. 

Iizabah, Haz-yti-bq. 

lebor, He-bor. 

I;berites, Hg-ber-its. 

Hebrews, He-brioz. 

Hebron, Hg-bron. 

ronitfis, He-bron-jts. 

legal, Heg-a-j. 

lege, He-gs. 

rlelah, He-la. 

lelam, Hg-lam. 

3elbah, Hel-ba. 

flelbon, Hel-bon. 

Helehiah. Hel-kj-a. 

Heldai, Hel-da-j". 

Holeb, Hg-leb. 

Haled, Hg-led. 

Helek, He-lek. 

Helekite-s. He-lek-jts. 

Helem, Hg-lem. 

Heleph, Hg-lef. 

Holez, Hs-lez. 

Hali, Hg-lj. 

Halkai, Hdl-ka-j. 

Helkath, Hel-kat. 

Helkath Hazzurim, Hel 
kat Haz-yty-rim. 

Helkias, Hel-kj-as. 

Helon, Ilg-loo. 

Heman, Hg-man, or 
Hainath. Ha-mat. 

Hemdan, Hem-dan. 

Hen, Hen. 

Hena, He-no. 

Henadad, Hen-a-dad. 

Henoch, Hg-nok. 

Hepher, Hg-fer. 

Hepherites, He-fer-jt3. 

Hephzibah, Hef-zi-bq, 

Haram, Hs-ratn. 

Heres, Hg-rez. 

Heresh, Hg-reJ. 

Hermas, Her-mas. 

lermogenes, Her-m6j-c- 


leruion, Her-mon. 
iannonites, Her-mon-jts. 
lerod, Her-od. 
ierodian, He-r6-di-an. 
lerodians, Hs-r>5-di-aai. 
lerodia-J, He-ro-di-as. 
leseb, He-sab, 
lesed, Hg-sed. 
leshbon, HeJ-bon. 
ieahmnn, HeJ-mon. 
Hoth, He6. 
riethlon, Het-lon. 
Bezoki, Hez-e-kj. 
Sezekiah, Hez-e-kj-a. 
Hezer, Hs-zer, or 
Hazir, Hg-zer. 

iu, Hg-zj-a. 
Huzion, He-zi-on. 
Hezrai, Hez-ra-j. 
Hezro, Hez-ro. 
tlezron, Hez-ron. 
Hezronit^s, Hez-ron-jt3. 
Hiddai, Hid-a-j. 
Hiddekel, Hid-e-kel. 
Kiel, Hj-el. 
Hiereel, Hj-er-e-el. 
Hieremoth, Hj-er--moft. 
Hiorielas, H|-er-i-6-las. 
Hiermas, Hj-er-mas. [nous. 
Hieronymus, Hj-e-ron-i- 
Hierapolis, Hj-er-ap-o-lis. 
Hig^aion, Hi-ga-yon. 
Hilen, Hj-len. 
Hilkiah, Hil-kj-a. 
Hillel, Hil-el. 
Hin, Kin. 
Hinnom. Hin-om. 
Hirah, Hi-ra. 
Hiram, Hj-ram. 
Hircanus, Hor-ka-nu3. 
iHiskijah, His-kj-ja. 
Hittites, Hit-jts. 
Hivites, Hj-vjts. 
Hoba, or Hobah, H6-ba. 
Hobab, H6-bab. 
Hod, Hod. 
Hodaiah, Hod-a-j-a. 
Hodaviah. Hod-a-vj-a. 
Hodeva, Ho-dg-va. 
Hodevah, Ho-de-va. 
Hodiah, Ho-dj-a. 
Hodijah, Ho-di-ja. 
H>dish, H(5-diJ. 
Hoglah, Hr') ? -la. 
Hoham, ll.J-haiu. 
Holen, H6-len. 
Holofernes, Hul-o-fer-nei. 
Holon, H6-lon. 



Roman, HcS-tnan, or 

llrin in, ll<'-m:ui. 

Hoiuer, Ho-mer. 
Hophni, Hof-nJ. 
Hophra, H6-ra. 
Hor, Ear. 

Horagiddad, Hor-a-gid-ad 
Horam, Hi5-ram. 
Horeb, H(S-reb. 
Horein, 116-rein. 
Hori, H6-rj. 
If.i.riuis Ho-rimz. 
Horites, Ho-rjts. 
Horinah, Har-ma. 
Horonaim, Hor-o-na-im. 
Horonites, Hor-w-njts. 
Husa, Ha-sa, or 
Hasah, Has-a. 
Hosaana, Ho-zan-a. 
Hosea, Ha-ze-a. 
Hoshaiah, HoJ-a-j-a. 
Hoshatna, H6J-a-mq. 
Hoshea, Ho Je-a. 
Hotham, Hii-tam. 
Hothan, Ha-tan. 
Huthir, Ha-ter. 
Hukkok, Hiik-ok. 
Hul, Hul. 
Huldah, Hiil-da. 
Hutntab, Hiim-ta. 
Uuphara, Hij,-fam. 
Huphamites, Hi^-fam-jts. 
Huppab, Hup-a. 
Huppim, Hiip-im. 
Hur, Hur. 
Hurai, Hi|,-ra. 
Huram, Hi^-ram. 
Huri, Hq,-rj. 
Hushah, Hii,-Ja. 
Huahai, Hi^-Ja, or Hi^-Ja-j- 
Husham, Hii-Jain 
Hushathite, Hii-J 
Hushim, Hi^-Jim. 
Hushub, Hn-Jub. 
Huz, IIuz. 
Huzoth, Hq,-zofi. 
Huzzab, Hiiz-ab. 
Hydaspes, Hj-das-pez. 
Hyene, Hj-e-ne. 
Hymenous, Hj-men-e-us. 


Ibhar, Ib'har. 
Ibleam, Ib'le-am. 
Xbtteiuh, 1'o-ni-a. 

Ibnijah, Ib-nj-ja. 

Ishua, IJ'yn,-a. 

Ibri, Ib'ri. 
Ibzan, Ib zan. 

Ishuai. IJ'yn-a. 
Ismachiah, Is-ma-kj-d. 

Ichabod, Ik'a-bod. 

Ismaiah, Is-ma-j-a. 

Iconiuoi, i-kii-ni-um. 

Ispah, la'pa. 

Idalah, Id'a-lq. 

Israel, Iz'ra-el. 

Idbash, Id'baJ. 

Israelites, Iz'ra-el-jts. 

Iddo, Id'o. 

Issiiuliar, Is'a-kqr, 

Iduel, Id'yn,-el. 

Istalcurus, Is-tal-ki'i-rus. 

Iiluiiui'a, Id-yn-mE-a. 
Idurnaeans, Id-yn,-iaE-anz 

Isui, IJ'yii-i.. 
Isaites, IJ'yil-jts. 

Igal, fgal. 

Italy, It'a-ll. 

Igdaliah, Ig-da-Ij-a. 

Ithai, Ib'a-j. 

I'^oabarim, Tg-g-ab-a-rim 

Itliamar, It'a-mqr. 

Igeal, Ig'e-al. 

Ithiel, It'i-el. 

Ijon, ^'jon. 

Ithtnah, Ifc'ina. 

Ikjfesh, Ik'eJ. 

Ithoan, It'nan. 

Ilai, *'la, or 11'a-J. 

Ithra, Ifc'ra. 

Ira, Iin. 

Ithrnn, Ib'ran. 

Imlab, Ira'la. 

Ithreain, It're-ain. 

Immah, Iin'a. 

Ithrites, Ifc'rjts. 

Immarmel, Im-an-yq,-el. 

Ittah K^izin, It'a Kd-zin. 

Iminer, Im'ur. 

Ittai, It'a-j. 

Iiuna, Im'na, or 

Ituraa, It-yi\,-re-a. 

Imnah, Im'na. 

Ivah, ^'va. 

Itnrah, Im'ra. 

Izehar, Iz'e-hqr. 

Imri, Ira'rJ. 

Izhar, Iz'hqr. 

Iota, t-6-ta. 

Izharite, Iz'har-it. 

Iphedeiah. If-e-de-ya 

Izrahiah, Iz-ra-hj-a, or 

Ir, Er. 

Israiah, Iz-ra-j-a. 

Ira, fc'rci. 

Izreel, I/.'re-el. 

Irad, i^rad. 

Izri, Iz'rj. 

Iriini, i'ram. 

Izrites, Iz'rjt3. 

Iri, *'rj. 

Irijah, ^-rj-ja. 

Irnabash, Er'na-haf. 

Iron, f ron. 

Irpeel, Er'pe-el. 

Irshemish, Er'Js-miJ. 

Ira, froo. 

Jaakan, Ja-a-kan. 

tsaac, (Fzak. 

Jaakabab, Ja-ak-o-bq. 

[saiah, ^-za-ya. 

Jaala, Ja-a-la. 

[scab, Is'kq,. 

Jaalah, Ja-a-la. 

[scariot, Is-kar-i-ot. 

Jaalam, Ja-a-lam. 

[sdael, Is'da-el. 

Jaanai, Ja-a-na. 

I^hbah, IJ'ba. 

Jaareoragiui, Ja-ar--6r-a- 

[shbak, IJ'bak. 


[shbi Benob, If'bj Be-nob. 

Taasania, Ja-as-a-n|-a. 

Ishbosheth, IJ'bo-Jefi. 

laasau, Ja-a-S9. 

Ishi, *7i. 

Faasiel, Ja-n-si-el. 

[shiah, 't-Jj-a. 

Jaazah, Ja-a-za. 

[shijah, ^-Jj-ja. 

Jaazaniah, Ja-az-a-n|-a. 

Ishma, IJ'iua. 

Jaazar, .Ta-a-zar. 

[^hinael, IJ'ma-el. 

Juaziah, Ja-a-zj-a. 

[jhmaelitcs, IJ'ma-el-jts. 

Jaaziol, Ja-a-zi-el. 

[shmaiah, I/-tna-j-a. 

Jabal, Ja-bal. 

[shmer:ii, I/'me-ra. 

Jubbok, Jab-ok. 

[shod, i'Jod. 

Jabosh, Ja-beJ. 

[shpan, IJ'pan. 

Fabez, Ja-bez. 

Isbtob, IJ'tob. 

l-ibiii, Ja-bia. 



Jabneel, Jab-ne-el. 
Jabneh, .lab-ne. 
Jachan, Ja ; kan. 
Jachin, Ja-kin. 
Jachinitcs, Jn-kin-jts. 
Jacob, Ju-kob. 
Jacobus, Ja-ka-bus. 
Jada, Ja-da. 
Jaddun, Ja-dij,-a. 
Jadon, Ja-don. 
Jael, Ja-el. 
Jagur, Ja-gur. 
Jah, Jq. 

Jahaleel, Ja-ha-le-el. 
Jahalelel, Ja-hal-e-lel. 
Jahath, Ja-lia6. 
Jahaz, Ja-haz. 
Jahaza, Ja-ha-za. 
J;ili!uah, Ja-ha-za. 
Jahazia, Ja-ha-zi-a. 
Jahaziel, Ja-ha-y.i-el. 
Jahdai, Jq-da-j. 
Jahdiol, Jq-di-ol. 
Jahdo, Jq,-do. 
Jahleel, Jq-l-el. 
Jahleelites, Jq-le-el-jts. 
Jahmai, Jq- ma-j. 
Jahza. Jq zj. 
Jahzeel, Jq-ze-el. 
Jahzeclites. Jq-ze-el-jts. 
Jahzerah, Jq-ze-rq. 
Jahziel, Jq-zi-el. 
Jair, Ja-er. 
Jairites, Ja-i-rjts. 
Jairus, Ja-i-rus. 
Jakan, Jfi-kan. 
Jakeh, Jn-ke. 
Jakim, Ja-kim. 
Jakkim, Jak-im. 
Jalon, Ja-lon. 
Jarabres, Jain-brez. 
Jambri, Jiiin-brj. 
Jatnes, Jamz. 
Jaiuin, Jii-min. 
Jaminitcs, Ja-min-jts. 
Jamlech, Jatii-lek. 
Jamnaan, Jam-na-an. 
Jamnia, Jam-nj-a. 
Jamnites, J;i[n-n[ts. 
Janna, Jan-a. 
Jatines, Jau-ez. 
Janoah, Ja-nii-a. 
Janohah, Ja-no-ha. 
Janura, Ja-nuin. 
Japhet, Ja-fet. 
Japheth, Ja-fet. 
Japhiah, Ja-fj-a. 
Japblet, Jaf-let. 
Japhleti, Jaf-le-tj. 
Japho, Ja-fo. 


Jar, Jqr. 
Jarah, Ja-ra. 
Jareb, Ja-reb. 
Jared, Ja-red. 
Jaresiah, Jar-g-sj-a. 
.1 arli n, Jqr-ha. 
Jarib, Ja-rib. 
Jarmuth, Jqr-muD. 
Jaroah, Ja-ru-a. 
Jasael, Jas-a-el. 
Jasheoi, Ja-Jem. 
Jashen, Ja-Jen. 
Jasher. Ja-Jer. 
Jashobcam, Ja J6-b 
Jashub, JaJ-ub. 
Jashubi Leheui, JaJ-yq-bj 

Jashubitos, JaJ-ub-jts. 
Jasiel, Ja-si-cl. 
Jasubus, Ja-sq,-bus. 
Jatal, Ja-tal. 
Jathniel, Jat-ni-el. 
Jattir, Jat-er. 
Javan, Ja-'van. 
Jazar, Ja-zar. 
Jazer, Ja-zer. 
Jazicl, Ja-zi-el. 
Jaziz, Ja-ziz. 
.Fearitn, Jg-a-rim. 
Jeuterai, Js-at-E-ra. [a. 
Jeberechiah, Je-ber-g-kj- 
Jebus, Je-bus. 
Jebusi, Jg-bi'i-sj. 
Jubusites, Jeb-yq-sjts. 
Jecamiah, Jek-a-mj-a. 
Jecoliah, Jok-w-lj-a. 
Jeconiah, Jek-o-nj-a. 
Jedaia, Je-da-ya. 
Jedaiah, Je-da-ya. 
Jeddeus, Jed-g-us. 
Jeddu, Jed-q,. 
Jedediah, J(jd-e-dj'-a. 
Jedeiah, Je-dj-a. 
Jediaol, Je-dj-a-el. 
Jediah, Jed-i-q. 
Jodiel, J^-di-el. 
Jedathun, Jed-yq-tun. 
Jeeli, Jg-g-lj. 
Jeezer, Jg-g-zor. 
Teezerites, Jg-E-zer-jts. 
Jegar Sahadutha, Jg-gar 

Jehaleel, Je-ha-le-el. 
Jehalelel, Je-hal-e-lol. 
Jchaziel, Je-lia-zi-el. 
Tohdeiah, Je-d|-a. 
leheiel, Je-hj-el. 
Jehezekel, Jg-hez-g-kel. 
Jehiah, Jg-hj-a. 
Jehiel, Jg-hj-el. 

Jehieli, Je-hj-e-lj. 
Jehishai, Je-hiJ-a-j. 
Jehtskiah, Je-his-ki'-d. 
Jehoadah, Je-ho-a-dq. 
Jehoaddan, Je-ha-ad-an. 
Jehoahaz, Je-hta-a-haz. 
Jehoash, jE-ho-aJ. 
Jehohadah, Je-ho-ha-dci. 
Jehohanan, Js-hii ha-nan. 
Jehoiachin, Je-hff-a-kin. 
Jehoiada, Je-h(f-a-dq. 
Jehoiakiin, Je-hsf-a-kim. 
Jehoiarib, Je-htr-a-rib. 
Jchonadab, Jt-hon-a-dab. 
Johi)tuithan, Je-hon-a-tan. 
Jehoram, jE-htj-rum. 
Jehoshabeath, Je-ho-Jab- 


Jehosheba, Je-hoJ-E-bq. 
Jchoshua, j8-haj'-yn,-q. 
JEHOVAH, Js-hci-va. 
Jeliuvah, Jireh, Jj-re. 
Jehovah Nissi, Nis-j. 
JclKjvah Shallom, Xal- 

oin. [Sam-a. 

Jehovah Shammali, 
Jeliovah Tsidkenu, 


Jehozabad, Je-hoz-a-bad. 
Jehn, Js-hq,. 
Jehubbah, JE-liiib-a. 
Jehueul, JE-hq,-kal. 
Jehud, Jg-hud. 
Jehudi, j-hi|,-di. 
Jehudijah, Je-h 
Jehush, Js-hu/. 
Jeiel, Je-J-el. 
Jekabzeel, Je-kab-ze-cl. 
Jekaoicam, Jek-a-iue-am. 
Jekamiah, Jek-a-raj-a. 
Jckuthiel, Je-ki'j,-ti-el. 
Jemima, Jera-i-inq. 
Jetnuel, j-un|,-el. 
Jephthah, Jcf-ta. 
Jephunneh, Jg-ldu-e. 
Jerah, Je-ra. 
Terahmeel, JE-rq-niE-el. 
Jerahmcelites, JE-rq-me- 


Jerechus, Jer-E-kus. 
Jered, Jg-red. 
Jercmai, Jer-e-ma. 
Jeremiah, Jer-e-mj-a. 
Jeremoth, Jer-e-mofi. 
Jeremouth, Jer-g-iu'sfi. 
Jeriah, Je-rj-a. 
Jeribai, J6r-i-ba. 
lericho, Jer-i-ko. 
Jeriel, Jg-ri-el. 



Jerijab, Jz-rj-ja. 
Jorimotb, Je>-i-mot. 
Jerioth, Je-ri-ot. 
Jerob >am, Jer-o-bo-am. 
Jorodun. Jer-o-don. 
Jorohaui, Jer-u-hain. 
Jurubbuil, Jr-riib-a-al. 
Jerubesheth, Je-rtib-e-Jet 
Jiiruel, Jer-yn-el. 
Jerusalem, Je-riD-sa-lem. 
J.'riHlia, Je-rJb-Ja. 
Jesaiah, Js-sa-yq. 
Jashaiuh, JeJ-a-j-a. 
Jeshaiiah, Je/-a-nq. 
J.'-li nuiali, JuJ-ar-e-lq. 
Je.shebeab, J>;/-eb-e-ab. 
Jd.shubeiih. JjJ-ob-e-q. 
Jesher, Ja-Jer. 
Jeshimon, JeJ-i-inon. 
Jeshishai, Jf-JiJ-a-j. 
Jcshohaiah, JeJ-o-ha-j-a 
Jeshua, Jej-yq-q. 
Jeshurun, JeJ-yq-run. 
Jesiah, Je-sj-a. 
Jesitnicl, Je-siin-i-el. 
Jesse, Je3-e. 
Josaa, Je-i-yq-q. 
Jesui, Jes-yq-i. 
JESUS, Je-zus. 
Jether, Je-ber. 
Jetheth, Je-te6. 
Jethlah, Jet-la. 
Jethro, Je-tro. 
Jetur, Ja-tur. 
Jeuel, Je-yq-el. 
Juush, Je uj. 
Jeuz, Js-uz. 
Jewry, Jt\.-ri. 
Jezabol, Jez-a-bel. 
Jezaniah, Jez-a-nj-a. 
Jezclus, Jg-zE-lus. 
Jezer, Je-zar. 
Jezerites, Je-zor-jta. 
Jeziah, Je-zj-a. 
Jcziel, Je-zi-el. 
Jezliah, Jez-lj-a. 
Jezoar, Jez-o-qr. 
Jezrahiah, Jez-ra-hj-a. 
Jezruel, Jez-re-el. 
Jezreelite, J^z-re-el-jt. 
Jezreelitess, Jez-re-el-jt- 


Jibsum, Jib-sam. 
Ji'llaph, Jid-laf. 
Jim, Jim. 
Jiinlii, Jim-la, or 

liul.i, lui'l i. 
Jiuiiia, Jiio-na, or 
Jiiunah, Jim-na. 
Jimnitus, J;iu-uiu. 

Jiphtah, Jif-ta. 

.loses, J6-SOZ. 

Jiphthahnl, Jif-ta-cl. 

J,)s!i:ibad. JoJ-a-bad. 

Joab, Jo-ab. 

Joshah, J6-Ja. 

Joachas, Jo-a-kaz. 

Joshaphat, JdJ-a-fat. 

Jo.idanus, Jo-a-dd-nus. 

Jo*naviah, JuJ-a-vj-a. 

Joan. Ju>-fi. 

Joshbekasha, JoJ - bdk - a- 

Joahaz, J j a-haz. 

.1 i-hu a. J -ij'-yn-q. [Jq. 

Joakim, Jo-a-kiin. 

Josiah, Jo-sj-a. 

Joanna, Jo-an-a. 

Ji><ias Jij-^i-as. 

Joannan, Ju>-au-an. 

Josibiab, Jos-i-bj-a. 

Joasb, Jo-aJ. 

Josiphiah, Jos-i-fj-a. 

Joaihain, Jo-a-tam. 

Jotbah, Jot-ba. 

Joazabdus, Jo-a-zab-dus. 

Jotbath, Jot-bat. 

Job, Job. 

Jotbatha, Jot-ba-tq. 

Jobab, Jo-bab. 

J.itli un, Jo tain. 

Jochebed, J6k-e-bed. 

Jozabad, J6z-a-bad. 

Jodil, Ju>-d:l. 

Jozachar, Joz-a-kqr, or 

Joed, Jo-ed. 

Jo .achar, Jo-zti-kur. 

Joel, Jo-el. 

Jo/.a lak, J6z-a-dak. 

Joalah, Jo-e-la. 

Jubal, Jq bal. 

Joesor, Jo-e-zer. 

Juc il, Ji'i -kal. 

Jogbeah, Jo^-be-q. 

Judyea, Jq-de-a. 

Jo^'li, Jo,' -li. 

.In lib. Jq-(ia. 

Joha, J6-ha. 

Jii<la<, Jq-das. 

Johanan, Jo-ha-nan. 

Jude, Jqd. 

John, Jon. 

Judith, Jq-dit. 

Joiada, Jtfr-a-dq. 

Juijl, Jq-el. 

J.iiakim, Jff-a-kim. 

Julia, Jq-li-q. 

Joiarib, Jtf-a-rib. 

Junia, Jq-ni-q. [sed. 

Jokdeain, J6k-de-am. 

Jushabhesed, Jq-Jub-hs- 

Jokim, Jo-kiin. 

Justtn, Jiis-ius. 

Jokmeam, Jok-me-am. 

Juttah, Jiit-a. 

Jokncam, Jok-ne-ain. 

Jokshan, Jok-Jan. 

Joktan, Jok-tan. 

Joktheel, J6k-te-el. 


Jona, J6-na. 


Jonadab, J6n-a-dab. 

Jonah, Jo-na. 

!C:ib, Kab. 

Jonan, Jcj-nan. 

Kabzeel, Kab-ze-el. 

Jonas, Jii-nas. 

Kades, Kfi-dez. 

Jonathan, J6n-a-tan. 

Kadesh, Ka-deJ, or 

Jonath Elim Kuchochim, 

Cadesh, Ka-deJ. 

J6-nat 8'liin Rs-kut-kim. 

Kaile^h Barnea, Ka-dej 

Joppa, J6p-a. 


Jora, Jo-ra. 

Kadmiel, Kad-mi-el. 

Jorai, Jo-ra -i. 

Kaduionites, Kad-iuju-jti. 

Jorana, J6-ram. 

Kallai, K.-il-a-j. 

Jordan, J;5r-dan. 

Ivauah, Ka-na. 

Joribas, J6r-i-ba9. 

Karuah, K-r8-a. 

Joriui, J6-rira. 
Jorkoara, J r-ko-arn. 

Karkaa, Kqr-ka-q. 
Ivarkor, Kqr-kor. 

Josabad, J6s-a-bad. 

liarnaim, Kqr-na-iffl. 

Joiaphat, J6s-a-fat. 

htartah, Kqr-tat. 

Josaphias. Jos-a-fj-as. 

fCat.tath, Kai- 1. 

Jose, JO-SE. 

Ivudar, Ke-dar. 

Jo^udech. Jos-e-dek. 

iudemah, Kod-e-mq. 

Josuel, Jii-sF-el. 

Cedemoth, Ked-e-iuot. 

Joseph, Jo-zdf. 

^odesh, K^-d-J. 

Joseph us, Jo-38-fus. 

Kuhclathah, Ke-h61-a-^v. 



Koilah, Kj-la. 
Kelaiah, Ke-la-yd. 
Kelit.a, Kel-i-tq. 
Kelkathhazurim, Kel-kat- 

Kemuel, Ke-ini\,-el. 
Kenah, Ke-na. 
Kenan, Ktj-nan. 
Keuatli, Kg-nafi. 
Kenaz, Kg-naz. 
Kenites, Ken-its. 
Kennizzites, Ken-iz-jts. 
Kerenhappuch, Ker-en- 


Kerioth, Ke-ri-ot. 
Keros, Ke-ros. 
Ketura, Ks-tij-ra. 
Keturah, Ke-ti\,-ra. 
Kezia,, Kc-zj-a. 
Keziz, Ke-ziz. 
Kibroth Hattaava, Kib- 

rot Ha-ta-a-vq. 
Kibzaiiu, Kib-za-im. 
Kidroii, Kid-ron. 
Kinah, Kj-na. 
Kir, Ker. [set. 

Kirharuseth, Ker-har-a- 
Kirheresh, Ker-he-reJ. 
Kirieth, Kir-i-et, or 
Kirjath, Ker-jat. 
Kirioth, Kir-i-ot. fim. 
Kirjath Aim, Ker-jat 1'- 
Kirjath Arb-i, Hr'ba. 
Kirjath Arim, il'riin. 
Kirjath Arius, il'ri-us. 
Kirjath Baal, Ba-al. 
Kirjath Iluzoth, Hi\- 

zot. [rim. 

Kirjath Jearim, Je-a- 
Kirjath Sannah, San-a. 
Kirjath Sepher, Se-fer. 
Kish, KiJ. 
Kishi, KiJ-i. 
Kisliion, KiJ-i-on. 
Ki.slion, Ki-Jun. 
Kithlish, Kit-liJ. 
Kitron, Kit-ron. 
Kittiui. Kit-iui. 
Koa, Ko-a. 
Kuhath, Ko-h^. 
Kobathites, K6-hat-jts. 
Kolaiab, Kol-a-j-a. 
Kurah, K6-ra. 
K'Tahitas, K6-ra-jts. 
Korathites, KQ-rat-jts. 
Kore, K6-re. 
Korhite, K'r-hjt. 
Korhites, Ker-hjts. 
Korites, Kor-ita. 

Koz, Koz. 
Ku^haiah, KuJ-a-ya. 


Laadah, La-a-dq. 
Laadan, La-a-dan. 
I, nil. in. La-ban. 
Labana, Lab-a-nq. 
Lachisb, La-kiJ. 
Launus, La-ki^-nus. 
Ladan, La-dan. 
Lacl, La-el. 
Lahad, La -had. 
Lahairoi, La-ha-rff. 
I, iliniaii, I,i\-ii)iin. 
L'lhtnas, Lq-mas. 
Lihini, Lq-uai. 
Laish, La-iJ. 
Lakurn. La-kum, 
Lanicch, La-uiek. 
Laodicca, La-od-i-se-a. 
Ltipidoth, Lap-i-dot. 
Lasea, La-se-a. 
Lanhah, La-ja. 
Lasharon, La-Ja-ron. 
Lasthenes, Las-te-nez. 
Lazarus, Laz-a-rus. 
Leah, Ls-a. 
Lebanah, Leb-a-nq. 
Lebanon, Leb-a-mn. 
Lebaoth, Leb-a-ot. 
I^ebbeus, Leb-e-us. 
L'jbuna, Le-bo-na. 
Lechah, Ls-ka. 
Lohabim, Le-ha-bim. 
Lehi, Lg-hj. 
Lemuel, Lem-yti-el. 
Lejem, Le-Jein. 
Lettus, Let-us. 
Lotushlfc, L-ti\,-Jim. 
Leutnmiin Lg-iiin-iua. 
Levi, Le-vj. 
Leviathan, Le-vj-a-tan. 
Levis, Le-vis. 
Levites, Le-vjla. 
Leviticus, Le-vit-i-kus. 
Libanus, Lib-a-nus. 
fjibnah. Lib-na. 
Libni, Lib-nj. 
Libnites, Lib-njts. 
Libia, Lib-i-q. 
Lignaloed, Lig-nal-oz. 
Ligure, Lj-g\i,r. 
Likhi, Lik-hj. 
Loatnrai, Lco-im-j. 
Lod, Lod. 

Lodebar, L6d-e-bqr. 
Log, Log. 

Lois, Lo-is. [rnq. 

Lo Ruhamah, La Ki-lia- 
Lot, Lot. 
Lotan, L6-tan. 
Lozon, Lo-zon. 
Lubiui, Lq,-bioi. 
Lubiins, Li\,-biuiz. 
Lucas, Li\-kas. 
Lucifer, Lq-si-fer. 
[jucius, Li'^-Ji-us. 
Lud, Lud. 
Ludioi, Li],-dim. 
Luhith. Li\,-hit. 
[juke, Li\,k. 
Luz, Luz. 

Lycaonia, Lik-a-6-ni-q. 
Lyeca, Lik-a. 
Lydda, Lid-u. 
fjydia, Lid-i-a. 
Lysanias, Lj-sn-ni-us. 
Lysia, LiJ-e-q. 
Lysias, LiJ-e-as. 
Lystra, Lis-tra. 


Maacah, Ma-a-kq. 
Maachah, Ma-a-kq. 
.Maacbathi, Ma-ak-a-tj. 
Maachahthites, Ma-ak-a- 


Maadai, Ma-ad-a. 
Maadiah, Ma-a-dj-a. 
Maai, Ma-a-j. 
Maaleh Acrabbim, Ma-al-e 

Maanai, Ma-a-na. 
Maarath, Ma-a-rafi. 
Maaseiah, Ma-a-ss-a. 
Muasiah, Ma-a-sj-a. 
Miuith, Ma-at. 
Maaz, Ma-az. 
Manziah, Ma-a-zi-a. 
Mabdai, Mab-da-j. 
Macalon. Mak-a-lon. 
Maecabaeus, Mak-a-bg-us. 
Maecibee.*, M;ik-a-bez. 
M:ichb>;nah. Mak-be-nq. 
Machbenai, Mak-be-na. 
Macheloth, Mak-hs-lot. 
Machi, Ma-kj. 
Machir, Ma-ker. 
Machirites, Ma-ker-jts. 
Miichmas. Mak-mas. [ba. 
Machnajebai, M;ik-na-d- 



Machpclah, Mak-pe-la. 
Macron, Ma-kron. 
Mad.ii, Mad-a-j. 
Madiabun. Ma-dj-a-bun. 
M.idiah, Ma-di-u. 
Madian, Ma-di-an. 
Madtnannah, Mad-man-a. 
Madincnah, Mad-ine-na. 
Madon, Ma-don. 
Madus, Ma-E-las. 
Magbish, Mag-biJ. 
Magdala, Ma<*-da-lq. 
Magdalea, MAg-da-len. 
Magdalene, Mag-da-le-ne, 

or Mag-da-len. 
Majjdial, Mag-di-el. 
Magog, Mii-gog. 
Magor Missabib, Ma-gor 


Magpiash, Mag-pi -aj. 
Mahalah, Ma-ha-lq. 
Mahalaleel, Ma-hal-a-kl. 
Mahalath Leannoth, Ma- 

ha-lab Le-an-ot. [kil. 
Mahalath Maschil, Mas- 
Mahaleel, Ma-ha-le-el. 
Mahali, Ma-ha-lj. 
MahaDaitn, Ma-ha-na-im. 
3Iahaneh Dan, Ma-ha-ne 


Mahanem, Ma-ha-netn. 
Maharai, Ma-har-a-i. 
Mah.ith, Ma-hat. 
Miihuvitcs, Ma-ha-vjts. 
Mahaz, Ma-haz. 
Mahazioth, Mu-hn-zi-ot. 
Mahershalalhashbaz, .Ma- 

Mahlah, Mq-la. 
Mahli, Mq-lj. 
Jlahlites, Mq-ljts. 
Mahlon, Mq-lon. 
Maianeag, Ma-an-e-as. 
Makas, Ma-kas. 
Maked, Ma-ked. 
Makeloth, Ma-ke'-lot. 
Makkedah, Ma-ke-du. 
Maktesh, Mak-teJ. 
Malachi, Mat-a-k|. 
Malcham, Mal-kam. 
Milchiah, Mal-kj-a. 
Halchioi, Mal-ki-el. 
Malchielites. Miil-ki-cl-jts. 
Halohijah, Mnl-kj-ja. 
llalcbiram. Mal-kj-r.un. 
Malchisbuah, Mal-ki-Jq-a. 
Malchom, Mal-kom. 
Malchus, Mal-kui. 
Malla-i, Mal-as. 
MalloLhi, M:il-u> ti. 

Malluch, Mal-uk. 
Mnimiias, Ma-ma-yas. 
Muminon, Main-un. 
Mainnitanaituus, Mam-ni- 


Mamre, Mam-re. 
>[atbucus, Ma-im\-ku9. 
Manaen, Man-a-en. 
Manahath, Man-a-ha6. 
Manahem, Man-a-hena. 
Manahetbites, Ma-ua-bet- 


Manasseas, Man-a-se-as. 
Manus.seh, Ma-nas-e. 
Manassitcs, Ma-nus-jts. 
Maneh, Ma-ne. [im. 

Maiiliaiiniiii, Man-ha-na- 
Mani, .Ma-nj. 
Manna, Man-a. 
Miinuab, Ma-tiu-a. 
Maocb, Ma-ok. 
Maon, Ma-on. 
Maonites, Ma-on-jts. 
Mara, Ma-ra. 
Marah. Ma-ra. 
Maralah, Mar-a-lq. 
Maranatha, Mar-a-nat-d. 
Mardocheus, Mqr-do-ke- 


Maresbah, Ma-re-Ja. 
Mark, Mark. 
Marisa, Mar-i-sq. 
Marmoth, Mqr-tuot. 
Maroth, Ma-rot. 
Marrekab, Mar-e-kq. 
Marsena, Mqr-se-nq. 
Martena, M^r-te-nq. 
Martha, Mqr-ta. 
Mary, Ma-ri. 
Masa, Mii-su. 
Maschil, Mas-kil. 
Masuloth, Mai-e-lot. 
Mash, MaJ. 
Mashal, Ma-Jal. 
Masraan, Mas-man. 
Masmoth, Mas-mot. 
Masrekah, Mas-re kq. 
Ma.ssah, Mas-a. 
Mnssias, Ma-sj-as. 
Matred, Ma-trcd. 
Matri, Mu-trj. 
Mattnn, Aiat-an. 
Mattanah, Mat-a-nq. 
Mattaniah, Mat-a-nj-a. 
Mattatha, Mat-a-tq. 
Mattathias. Mat-a-tj-as. 
Mtittenai, Mat-e-na-j. 
Matthan, Mat-tan. 
Mattbat, Mat-tat. 
Matthol&s, Mat-te-las. 

Matthew, Mat-yn. 
Matthias, Ma'-h-a'. 
Mattithiah, Mat'-i-tj-a. 
Mazitias, Maz-i-t|-as. 
Mazzaroth, Maz-a-n>t. 
Meah, ME-Q. 
Mean), Me-a-nj. 
Mearah, Me-a-ra. 
Mebunai, Mr-ln^-na. 
Mecherath, Mek-e-rat. [jfc. 
Mecheralhite, Mek-e-rat- 
Medad, Mr-dad. 
Medalah, Med-a-lq. 
Medan, Me-dan. 
Medeba, Med-e-bq. 
Modes, Medz. 
Media, Me-di-q. 
Median, Mg-di-an. 
Moeila, Me-t-da. 
Megiddo, Mp-gid-o. 
Megiddon, Mc-gid-cn. 
Mebali, Me-ba-lj. 
Mehetabel, Me-h'et-a-bel. 
Mehida. Me-hj-da. 
Mehir, Me-her. 
Meholathite. ME-hol-at-jt. 
Mehujael, ME-hq,-ja-el. 
Mehuman, Me-h'^-uian. 
Mehunim, Me-hij,-*iiu. 
Mehunims, Me-hq,-nimx. 
Mejarkon, Me-jqr-kon. 
Mekonah, Mek-oj-nq. 
Melatiab, Mel-a-tj-a. 
Melchi, Mel-kj. 
Melchiah, Mel-kj-a. 
Mi-li'hia-, Mel-kj-as. 
Melchiel, Mel-ki-el. [dek. 
Melebisedek, Mel-kiz-e- 
Melchiahua, Mel-ki-Ji^-a. 
Mclea, Ms-lg-Q. 
Molech, Me-lek. 
Melita, Mel i-tq. 
Mellicu, Mel-i kq,. 
Melzar, Mel-zar. 
Memphis, Mem-fis. 
Mctnucan, Me-mq-kan. 
Menahem. Mea-a-hem. 
Menan, Me-nan. 
Menc, Me-ne. 
Menitb, Me-nit. 
Menothai, M6n-o-ta. 
Meonenem, Me-6n-E-nem. 
Mephaath, Mef-a-at. 
Mephibosheth, ile-fib-o- 


Merah, Mfi-rab. 
Meraiah, Mer-a-j-a. 
Meraioth, Me-ra-yot. 
Meran, Me-ran. 
Merari, -Mer-a-rj. 



Merarites, Mdr-a-rjts. 
M'!r.ith;iiin, Mer-a-ta-im. 
Mjred, Me-red. 
Mereraoth, Mer-e-mot. 
Merez, Mg-rez. 
Meriba, Mer-i-bq. 
Meribah, Mer-i-bq. [dej. 
Meribah Kadesh, Ka- 
Meribbaal, Me-rib-n-al. 
Meriraoth, Mer-i-mot. 
Merodach Baladan, Me-r6- 

dak Bal-a-dan. 
Merom, Me-rotn. 
Meronothite, Me-ron-ffl-tjt. 
Meroz, Mf-roz. 
Meruth, Mg-rufi. 
Mesech, Me-sek. 
He'sha, Ms-Ja. 
Meshach, Me-Jak. 
Meshcch, Me-Jek. 
Mesheleiniah, MeJ-el-- 


Mcshezabeel,Me -Jez-a-bel . 
Hesh'exabel, Me-Jez-a-bel. 
Meshillainith, MaJ - i - la- 

mifl. [mot. 

Meshillemoth, Me-Jil-e- 
Meshoba, Mg-J6-ba. 
Mwhullam, Me-Jul-ara.' 
Meshullemith, Ms-Jiil-s- 


Mesobah, Mea-o-bq. 
Mesubaite, Mes-o-ba-jfc. 
Mesopotamia, Mes-o-po- 


Messiah, Mes-j-a. 
Messias, Mes-j-as. 
Meterus, Mt-te-rus. 
Metheg Ammah, Me-teg 


Methredath, Met-re-dafi. 
Methusael, M8-ti\-sa-el. 
Methuseta, Mg-ti\,-se-lq. 
Jfethuselah, Me-ti^-se-lq. 
Meunira, Me-yi\-nim. 
Mazahab, Mez-a-hab. 
Miamin, Mj-a-min. 
Mihbar, Mib-har. 
Mibsain, Mib-satn. 
Mibzar, Mib-zar. 
Micah, Mj-ka. 
Micaiah, Mj-ka-yq. 
Micha, Mj-ka. 
Michael, Mj-ka-el. 
Michah, Mj-ka. 
Michaiah, Mj-ka-ya. 
Michal, Mj-kal. 
Michmas, Mik-tnas. 
Michmash, Mik-raaf. 
Michmethah, Mik-iue-tq. 

Michri, Mik-rj. 
Michiam, Mik-tam. 
Middin, Mid-in. 
Midian, MiJ-i-an., Mid-i-an-jts. 
Migdalel, Mig-da-lel. 
Migdal Gad, Mig-dal Gad. 
Migdol, Mig-dol. 
Migron, Mig-ron. 
Mijamin, Mij-a-min. 
M.kloth, Mik-lo6. 
Mikneiah, Mik-nj-a. 
Milalai, Mil-a-la-j. 
Milcah, Mil-ka. 
Milcha, Mil-ka. 
Milchah, Mil-ka. 
Milcom, Mil-kom. 
Millo, Mil-o. 
Mina, Mj-na. 
Miiiiainin, Mi-nj-a-min. 
Minni, Min-j. 
Minnith, Min-it. 
Miphkad, Mif-kad. 
Miriam, Mir-i-am. 
Mirraa, Mer-ma. 
Misgab, Mis-gab. 
Mishael, MiJ-a-el. 
Mi^hal, Mj-/al. 
Mi.shtun, Mj-Jam. 
Misheal, Mj-Je-al, or Mj- 


Mishtna, MiJ-ma. 
Mishmanna, MiJ-man-a. 
Mishraites, MiJ-ra-jls. 
Mispar, Mis-par. 
Mispereth. Miz-ps-ret. 
Mispha, Miz-fa. 
Misphah, Miz-fa. 
Misraim, Miz-ra-im. 
Misrephot.hmaiin, Miz-rs- 

Mithcah, Mit-ka. 
Mithnite, Mit-njt. 
Mithridath, Mit-ri-dat. 
Mizar, Mi-zar. 
Mizpah, Miz-pa. 
Mizpeh, Miz-pe. 
Mizraim, Miz-ra-im. 
Mizzah, Miz-a. 
Mnason, Na-son. 
Moab, M6-ab. 
Moabites, M6-ab-}ts. 
Moadiah, Mo-a-dj-a. 
Mockmur, Mok-mur. 
Mockram. Mok-ram. 
Modin, Mo-din. 
Moeth, Mo et. 
Moladah, M61-a-dq. 
Moloch, Ma-lek. 
Moli, Mii-lj. 

Molid, M6-lid. 
Moloch, Mia-lok. 
Momdis, Motn-dis. 
Moosias, Muj-o-sj-as. 
Morashito. M6-raj-jt. 
Morasthite, M6-ras-tjt. 
Mordecai, Mor-de-ka. 
Moreh, Mo-re. 
Morosheth Guth, Mor-eJ- 

et Gafi. 

Moriah, Ma-r|-a. 
Mosera, Mo-se-ra. 
Moserah. Mia-se-ra. 
Moses, M6-zez. 
Mosollam, Mo-sol-am. 
Mosoroth, Mo-so-rot. 
Mosullanion, Mo - sal - a- 


Moza, Mo-za. 
Mozah, Mo-a. 
Muppim, Miip-im. 
Mushi, Mir-J}. 
Mushites, Mi'i,-JHs. 
Muthlabben, Alut-lab-en. 
Myndus, Min-dua. 
Myra, Mj-ra. 
Mytilene, Mit-i-le-ns. 


N"aam, Na-am. 
Naamah, Na-a-mq. 
Naaman, Na-a-man. 
Naamathite, Na-a-ma-tjt. 
NTaamites, Na-am-jts. 
Naarah, Na-a-rq. 
Naarai, Na-a-ra. 
Naaran, Nfi-a-ran. 
Xaarath, Na-a-rat. 
Xaashon, Na-aJ-on. 
Xaathus. Na-a-tus. 
Jfabal, Na-bal. 
Xabarias, Nab-a-rj-as. 
N'abathites, Na-bat-jts. 
Xaboth, Na-bo6. 
Nachon, Na-kon. 
Xachor, Na-kor. 
Nadab, Na-dab. 
Xadabatha, Na-dab-a-tq. 
Xagge, Nag-e. 
N'ahubi, Na-ha-bj. 
Nahaliel, Na-ha-li-el. 
Nahallal, Na-hal-al. 
Nahalol, Na-ha-lol. 
Naham, Na-ham. 
Nahami, Na-hain-a-nj. 


Naharai, Na-har-a-j. 
Naha.-<h, Nn-haJ. 
Nahath, Na-haft. 
Nahbi, Nq-bj. 
Nahor, Na-hor. 
Nalishon, Noj-Jon. 
Nahum, Na-hum. 
N.iidus, Na-i-dus. 
Nairn, Na-im. 
Nain, Na-in. 
Naioth, Na-yot). 
Nanea, Na-ne a. [mi. 
Naomi, Na-Q-uij, or Na-6- 
Naphisi, N:\f-t-sj. 
Naphthali, Naf-fca-lj. 
Naphthar, Naf-tar. 
Naphtahim, NAf-ti^-him. 
Napish, Na-piJ. 
Nasbas, Nas-bas. 
Nashon, Na-Jon. 
Nasith, Na-sifi. 
Nasor, Na-sor. 
Nathan, Na-tan. 
Nathanael, Na-tan-a-el. 
Nathanias, Nafi-a-nj-as. 
Nathan Melech, Na-t;vn 


Naum, Na-um. 
Nave, Na-ve. 
Nazarene, Naz-a-ren. 
Nazarenes, Naz-a-renz. 
Nazareth, Naz-a-refi. 
Nazarite, Naz-a-rjt. 
Neah, Ne-a. 
Neariah, Ne-a-rj-a. 
Nebai, Neb-a-j. 
Nebaioth, Ne-ba-yot. 
Nebajoth, NB-ba-jot. 
Neballat, Ne-bal-at. 
Nebat, Ne-bat. 
Nebo, Ne-ba. 
Nebuchadnezzar, Neb-yq,- 

Nebuchadrezzar, Neb-yi],- 

Nebuchasban, Neb - yt], - 

Nebuchodonosor, Neb-yq,- 

Nebuzaradaa, Ncb-y^-zar- 


Necho, Ne-ko. 
Necodan, Ne-kc3-dan. 
Nedabiah, Ned-a-bj-a. 
Neemias, NE-e-mj-as. 
Neginoth, Ne^-i-not. 
Nehelauiite, N-hel-a-mjt 
Nehemiah, Ne-he-mj-a. 
Nohemias, Ne-he-mj as. 
Nehum, Ne-hum. 

S'uhush'a, Ne-hdJ-ta. 
Xehushuh, NE-hdJ-ta. 
Vehushtan, Ne-htiJ-tan. 
Vuiel, Ne-j-el. 
\okeb, Ns-keb. 
Vukoda, Nr-kib-da. 
Lemuel, Xe-mt'i-el. 

nuelite!*, NE-mi'^-el-jts. 
heg. Ne-feg. 
Nephi, Ne-fj. 
Nephis, Ne-fis. 
Nephish, Ng-fi/. 
Nephishesim, Ne-fiJ-e-siin. 
Xephthali, Nef-ta-lj. 
^ephthoah, Nef-to-q. 
Xephtuim, Nef-tn-iin. 
Xephusim, Ne-fu-siui. 
^er, Ner^ 
Vereus, Ne-re-us. 
tergal, Ner-gal. [zer. 

Vergal Sharezer, Ea-re- 
Veri, Ng-rj. 
S^eriah, Ne-rf-a. 
Vethaneel, Ne-tan-e-el. 
Nethaniah, Nt-a-nj a. 
Xethinims, Net-i-nimz. 
Xetophah, Ng-Ui-fa. 
Xetophathi, Ne-tof-a-tj. 
Netophathites, Ne - tof -a- 


Neziah, Ns-zj-a. 
Nezib, Ns-zib. 
Nibbas, Nib-as, 
Xibshan, Nib-Jan. 
Nicodeinus, Nik-o-de-mus 
Nicolaitans, Nik-o-la-i- 


Nicolas, Nik-o-las. 
Niinrah, Nim-ra. 
Nitnrim, Nim-rira. 
Nimrod, Nim-rod. 
Nimshi, Nim-Jj. 
Nineve, Nin-e-ve. 
Nineveh, Nin-s-ve. 
Ninevites, Nin-E-vjts. 
Nisan, Nj-aan. 
Nisroch, Nis-rok. 
Noadiah. Na-a-dj-a. ' 
Noah, N<f-a, or 
Noe, N(i>-e. 
Nob, Nob. 
Nobah. Nw-ba. 
Nod, Nod. 
Nodab, Noi-dab. 
Noeba, N6-8-ba. 
Noga, N(S-ga, or 
Nogan, NiJi-gan. 
Nohah, NJj-lm. 
Xom, Nom. 
Xomados, N<3ai-a-der. 

'fomcnius, No-mE-ni-us. 
*fon, Non. 
Voph, Nof. 
S'ophah, No-fa. 
\un, Nun, (the father of 

Joshua. ) 
Xymphas, Nim-fas. 


Obadiah, Ob-a-dj-a, or 

Obal, Q'bal. 
Obud, O'bed. 
Jbed Edoin, S'dom. 
Obeth, Q'bet. 
Obil, O'bil. 
Oboth, O'bot). 
3chiel, O'ki-el. 

delus, Os-i-de-lus. 
Dcina, Os't-no.. 
Ocran, Ok'ran. 
Oded, O'Jed. 
3dollam, O-dol-am. 
Odonarkes, Od-on-dr-kcJ. 
Og, Ogf 
Oha,), O'had. 
Ohel, O'hel. 

inu3, Ol'a-mus. 
Olivet, Ol'i-vct. 
Olyraphas, O-lim-fas. 
Omaerus, Om-a-e-rus. 
Omar, O'mar. 
Omega, O-ms-ga. 
Omer, Q'mer. 
Omri. Om'ri. 
On, Ou. 
Onam, O'nam. 
Onan, O'nan. 
Orie.simm, O-nes-5-mu3. 
Onesiphoras, On-E-sif-o- 


Oniares, O-nj-a-rEX. 
Onias, O-nj-as. 
Ono, CD'no. 
Onus, (O'nus. 
Onyivs, O-nj-as. 
Onycha, On'i-kq. 
Onyx, CD'niks. 
Ophel, O'fel. 
Opher, O'fer. 
Ophir, O'fer. 
Ophni, Of'nj. 
Ophrah, Of'ra. 
Oreb, Q'reb, 
Oren, O'ren, or 
Oran, Q'ran. 



Orion, O'ri-on, or O-rj-on 
Oman, Or'nan. 
Orphah, Or'ta. 
Orthosias, 9r-t<D-sj-as. 
Osaias, O-zd-yas. 
Oseas, O-ze-as. 
Osee, Q'zE. 
Oshea, Q'/E-q- 
Ospray, Os'pra. 
Ossifraga, Oo'i-fraj. 
Othni, Ot'nj. 
Othniel, O6'ni-el. 
Othonias, Ot-o-nj-as. 
Oze-n, Q'zeui. 
Ozias, G)-zj-as. 
Oziel, (O'zi-el. 
Ozni, Oz'nj. 
Oznites, Oz'njts. 
Ozora, (D-z6-'ra. 


Paarai, Pa-a-ra. 
Padan, Pa-dan. 
Padan Aram, S'ram. 
Padon, Pa-don. 
Pagiel, Pa-gi-el. jab. 

Pahath Moab, Pa-hat Mo- 
Pai, Pa-i. 
Palal, Pa-lal. 
Palestine, Pal-es-tin. 
Pallu, Pal-yn,. 
Palliates, Pal-yn-it3. 
Palti, Pal-tj. 
Pal tie), Pal-ti-el. 
Paltite, P;il-tjt. 
Pannag, Pan-ag. 
Paradise, Par-a-djs. 
Parah, Pa-ra. 
Paran, Pa-ran. 
Parbar, Pqr-bar. 
Parmiishta, Pqr-maJ-ta. 
Parmenas, Pqr-me-nas. 
Parnach, Pqr-nak. 
Parnath, Pqr-na6. 
Parosh, Pa-roJ. [tq. 

Parshandatha, Pqr-Jan-da- 
Paruah, Par-yq-q. 
Parvaim, Pqr va-im. 
Pasach, Pa-sak. 
Pasdaminin, Pas-dam-in. 
Paseah, Pa-ss-a. 
Pashur, PaJ-ur. 
Passover, Pas-o-ver. 
Patara, Pat-a-rq. 
Pateoli, Pa-te-o-li. 
Patheua, Pa-te-us. 
Pathros, Pat-ros. 

Pathrusitn, Pat-rdS-?im. 
P.itrobas, Pat-ro-bas. 
Pau, Pa-yn,. 
Paul, Pol. 
Pedahel, Pe^l-a-hel. 
Pudahzur, Pe.l-a-zur. 
Pi.-ilaiah, Pe-da-ya. 
Pekah, Pe-ka. 
Pekahiah, Pek-a-hj-a. 
Pekod, Pe-kod. 
Polaiah, Pel-a-j-a. 
Pulaliah, Pel-a-lj-a. 
Pelatiah. Pel-a-ti-d. 
I'eleg, Ps-leg. 
Pelet, Pt-let. 
Peleth, Pe-let. 
P;lethites, Pe-let-jts. 
Pelia-", Ps-lj-as. 
Pelonite, Pel-o-njt. 
Peniel, Pe-nj-el. 
Peuinnah, Pe-nin-a. 
Punninah, Pen-i-nq. 
Pontapolis, Pen-tap-o-lis 
Pentateuch, Pen-ta-ti|k. 
Pentecost, Pen-te-kost. 
Penael. Pe-ni^-cl. 
Peor, Pe-or. 
Perazim, Per-a-zim. 
Peresh, Pe-reJ. 
Perez. Pe-rez. 
Perez Uzza, Uz'd. 
Perga, Per-ga. 
Pergainos, Per-ga-mos. 
Perida, Pg-rj-da. 
Perizzites, Per-iz-jts. 
Permena?, Per-me-nas. 
Peruda, Pe-n6-da. 
Pethahiah, Pofi-a-hj-a. 
Pethor, Pe-tor. 
Pethuel, Pe-ii'i-el. 
Peulthai, Pe-ut-ta. 
Phucareth. Fak-a-reB. 
Phaisur, Fa-sur. 
Phaldaius, Ful-da-yus. 
Piialeas, Fa-le-as. 
Phaleg, Fa-teg. 
Phallu, Fal-yq,. 
Phalli, Fal-tj. 
Phaltiel, Fal-ti-el. 
J hanuel, Fa-ni'^-el. 
Pksraeim, Far-a-sim. 
'haraoh, Fa-ro. 
'harathoni, Far-a-t6-nj. 
3 harez, Fa-rez. 
'narezites, Fa-rez-jt3. 
'harisees, Far-i-sez. 
r'harosh, Fa-roJ. 
J harpar, Fqr-par. 
'harites, Fqr-zjts. 
J haseah, Fa-se-q. 

Phaselis, Fa-s^-lis. 
Phasiron. Fas-i-ron. 
Phebe, Fe-be. 
Phenice, Fo-ni-se. 
Phibe-ieth, Fib-e-set. 
Phicol, Fj-kol. 
Philarches, Fi-lq>-kez. 
Philemon, Fi-le-naon. 
Philetus, Fi-le-tus. 
Philistia, Fi-lis-ti-q. 
Philistim, Fi-lis-titu. 
Philistine?, Fi-lis-tinz. 
Philologus, Fi-16l-o-gus. 
Philometor, Fil-o-ine-tor. 
Phinea?, Fin -as. 
Phinehas, Fin-s-has. 
PhUon, Fj-pon. 
Phlegon, Fle-gon. 
Phoros, Fw-ros. 
Phal, Fal. 
Phur, Fur. 
Phurah, Fi'i-ra. 
Phut, Fut. 
Phuvah, Fii-va. 
Phygcllus, Fi-jel-us. 
Phyiivcteries, Fi-lak-ts-riz. 
Pihahiroth, Pj-ha-hJ-rofi. 
Pilate, Pj-lat. 
Pild.ish, Pil-daJ. 
Piletha, Pil-e-tq. 
Piltai, Pil-ta. 
Pinon, Pj-non. 
Pira, Pj-ra. 
Pirana, Pj-ram. 
Pirathon, Pir-a-ton. 
Pirathonire, Pir-a-ton-JU 
Pisgah, Piz-ga. 
Pison, Pj-son. 
P:spah, Pis-pa. 
Pithon. Pj-ton. 
Pochereth, P6k-s-ret. 
Pontius Pilate, P6n-ti-us 

Poratha, P6r-a-tq. 
Potiphar, P6t-i-far. 
Potiphera, Po-tif-s-rq. 
Prochor.-is, Prok-o-rus. 
Pua, Pii-a, or 
Puah, Pq-n. 
Pudens, Pt'^-denz. 
i'uhites, Pq-hjts. 
":'ul, Pul. 
''unites, P4,-njts. 
jPunon, Pij,-non. 
Pur, Pur, or 
Purim, Pq-rim. 
Put, Put. 

Puteoli, Pq,-t8-Q-lj. 
Putiel, PjL-ti-el. 
PygarS* " 




Raamah, Ra-a-mq. 
Raamiah, lia-a-mj-a., Ra-am-atz. 
Kabbah, Rab-a. 
Rabbat, Rab-at. 
Rabbath, Rab-at. 
Rabbi, Rah-i- 
Rabbith, Rab-it. 
Rabboni, lla-bii-nj. 
Rabniag. liab-mag. 
Rabsaees, Rab-sa-sez. 
Kabsaris, Rab-sa-ris. 
Rabshakeh, Rab-Ja-ke. 
Raca, or Racha, Ila-ka. 
Racab, Rri-kab. 
Racal, Ra-kal. 
Racliab, Ra-kab. 
Rachel, Rn-qel. 
Raddai, Rad-a-j. 
Ragau, Ra-go. 
Rages. Ra-jez. 
Ragua, R:vg-yn,-q. 
Raguel, Ra-gd-tt. 
Rahab, Rn-hab. 
Raham, Ra-ham. 
Rakem, Ra-kem. 
Rakkath, Rak-at 
Rakkon, Rak-on. 
Ram, Ram. 

Rama, or Ramah, Ra-ma. 
Ram:ith, Ra-inat. 
Ramatbaim, Ra-mat-a-im. 
Ramathcin, Ram-a-tem. 
Ramathite, Ra-raat-jt. 
Ramath Lehi, Ra-mat Le- 


Ramath Mispeh, Mis-pe. 
Rameses, Ra-me-sez. 
Raiuinh, Ra-mj-a. 
Ramoth, Ra-mut. 
Ramoth Gilead, Ra - mot 

Rapha, Ra-fa. 
Raphael, Ra-fa-cl. 
Raphah, Ra-f<>. 
Raphaim, Raf-a-im. 
Raphon, Ra-fon. 
Rapha, Ra-fiv 
Rassis, Ras-is. 
Uathumu*, Rat-yn.-mus. 
Kazis, Ra-zi,-". 
Rcaiah. Re-a-j-a. 
Ruba, Re-ba. 
Rebecca, Re-b6k-a. 
Reuhab, Re-kab. 
Rechabitc.:, Ki-kab-jts. 

Rechah, Re-ka. 

Rumah, Rcb-ma. 

Reelaiah, Re-el-a-ya. 

Rusticus, Kiis-ti-kuB. 

Keelias, Re-el-j-as. 

Ruth, Root. 

Reesaias, Re-sa-yas. 

Regem, Re-gem. [lek. 

Regemmelcch, Re-g6m-e- 

liogora, Re-gom. 


Rehabiah, Re-ha-bj-a. 


Rchob, Re-hob. 

Rehoboam, Re-ho-bo-am. 

Siibacthani, Sa-bak-ta-nj. 

Rehoboth, Re-h6-bot. 

Sabaoth, Sab-a-ot. 

Rehu, Re-hit. 

Sabat, Sa-bat. 

Rchum, Re-hum. 

Sabatus, Sab-a-tus. 

Rei, Re-j. 

Sabban, Sab-an. 

Rckem, Re-kera. 

Sabbath, Sab-at. 

Remaliah, Rem-a-lj-a. 

Sabbatheus, Sab-a-te-U8. 

Reineth, Re-met. 

Sabbeus, Sa-be-us. 

Itemmon, Rem-on. 

Sabdeus, Sab-de-us. 

Rommon Methoar, Met- 

Sabdi, Sab-d|. 


Sabeans, Sa-be' anz. 

Remphan, Rdm-fan. 

Sabi, Sa-bj. 

Remphis, Rem-fis. 

Sabtah, Sab-ta. 

Raphael, Re-fa-el. 

Sabtecba, Sab-te-kq,. 

Rephah, Re-fa. 

Sacar, Sa-kar. 

Rcphaiah, Ref-a-J-a. 

Sadatnias, Sad-a-mj-as. 

Rephaim, Ref-a-iin. 

Sadas, Sa-das. 

Rephaims, Ref-a-iraz. 

Saddeus, Sad-e-us. 

Rcphidirn, Re-i-dim. 

Sadduc, Sad-iik. 

Reson, Re-sen. 

SadJucees, Sad-yi^-sex. 

Resheph, Re-Jef. 

Sadoc, Sa-dok. 

Reu, Re-ii- 

Sahadutha Jegar, Sa-ha- 

Reuben, RJ>-ben. 

di^-ta Je-gar. 

Reuel, Re-yi'i-el. 

Sal a, Sa-la. 

Rcuinah, Rob-ma. 

Salah, Sa-la. 

Rezeph, Re-zef. 

Salasadai, Sal-a-sdd-a-j. 

Rezia, Re-zj-a. 

Salathiel, Sa-la-ti-el. 

Rezin, Re-zin. 

Salcah, Sal-ka. 

Rozon, Re-zon. 

Salchah, Sal-ka. 

Rhegium, Re-ji-um. 

Salem, Sa-lem. 

Rhesa, Re-sa. 

Salim, Sa-lim. 

Rhoda, Ru-da. 

Sallai, Sal-a-i. 

Rhodocus, Rod-o-kns. 

Sallu, Sal-yq,. 

Ribai, Rj-ba. 

Sallum, Sal-um. 

Riblah, Rib-la. 

Sallumus, Sa-li'^-mus. 

Kiininun, Rim-on. 

Salma, or Salmah, Sal-ma. 

Rimtnon Parez, Pd-rez. 

Salmon, Sal-mon. 

Rinnah, Rin-a. 

Salmone, Sal-m<f>-nE. 

Riphath, Rj-faft. 

Salom, Sa-lom. 

Rispah, Ris-pa. 

Salome, Sa-lu-me. 

Rissah, Ris-a. 

Salu, Sa-ln,. 

Rithmab, Rit-ma. 

Salum, Sa-lum. 

Rogelim, Ra-ge-lim. 

Samael, Sam-a-el. 

Rohgah, R6-ga. 

Samaias, Sii-tna-yag. 

Ruiinus, Ra-i-mas. 

Samaria, Sa-mn-ri-q, or 

Roaiantiezer, Ro-man-ti- 

fcam-a-rj-a. [tanz. 


Samaritans, Sa-mar-i- 

Rosh, RoJ. 

Samatus, Sam-a-tus. 

Ruby, RoS-bi. 

Samcius. Sa-me-yus. 

Rufus, lU-fus. 

Saiugar Nebo, Sam-gqj 

Ruhainah, liu)-ha-ruq. 




Sami, Sa-mi. 

Sechenias, Sek-s-nj-as. 

Samis, Sa-mis. 

Sachu, 3g-kn. 

SamUh, Sam-Id. . 

Sedecias Sed--sj-a3. 

Sammas, Sam-us. 

-Segub, Sg-gub. 

Sampsatnes, Sarap-sa-mgz. 

fleir, Ss-er. 

Samson, Sam-son. 

Seirath. Sg-i-rat. 

Samuel, Sam-yi^-el. 

Sela, Se-la. 

Sanab.issarus, San-a-bas- 

Selah, Ss-la. 


Selah Hammahlekotb, 

Sanasib, San-a-sib. 


Sanballat, S:in-bal-at. 

Seled, Se-led. 

Sanhedrim, San-he-drim. 

Selemias, Sel-e-mj-as. 

Sansannah, San-san-a. 

Sem, Sera. 

Saph, Saf. 

Seaiachiah, Sem-a-kj-a. 

Saphat, Sa-fat. 

Semaiah, Sena-a-j-a. 

Saphatias, Saf-a-tj-as. 

Semaias, Sem-a-j-as. 

Sapheth, Sa-fet. 

Semei, Sem-s-j. 

Saphir, Saf-er. 

Semelleus, Se-mel-c-us. 

Sapphira, Sap-fi-rd. 

Semis, Se-mis. 

Sapphire, Sap-fjr. 

Sennaah, Sen-a-q. 

Sara, Sa-ra, or 

Seneh, Se-ne. 

Sarai, Sa-ra. 

Senir, Ss-ner. 

Sarabias, Sar-a-bi-as. 


Saraiah, Sar-a-j-a. 

or Sen-ak-e-rib. 

Sarah, Sa-ra. 

Senuah, Sen-yi^-q. 

Saraias, Sa-ra-yas. 

Seorim, Ss-6-rim. 

S;ramael, Sa-ram-a-el. 

Sephar, Ss-far. 

Saramel, Sar-a-inel. 

Sepharad, Sef-a-rad. 

Saraph, Sa-raf. [nus. 


Sarchedonus, Sqr-ked-o- 

Sepharvites, Se-far-vjt3. 

Sardeus, Sqr-dg-us. 

Sephela, Se-fe-la. 

Sardis, Sqr-dis. 

Serah, Sg-ra. 

Sardine, Sqr-djn. 

Seraiah, Ss-ra-j-a. 

Sardites, Sq,r-djt3. 

Seraphim, Ser-a-fim. 

Sardius, Sqr-di-us. 

Sered, Sg-red. 

Sardonyx, Sqr-do-niks. 

Seron, Sg-ron. 

Sarci, Sa-re-q. 

Serug, Sg-rng. 

Sarepta, Sa-rep-ta. 

Sesis, Sg-sis. 

Sargon, Sqr-gon. 

Sesthel, Ses-tel. 

Sarid, Sa-rid. 

Seth, Set. 

Saron, Sa-ron. 

Sethar, Sg-tar. 

Sarothi, Sa-r6-ti. 

Sether, Sg-ter. 

Sarsechim, Sqr-se-kim. 

Shaalabbin, Sa-al-ab-in. 

Saruch, Sa-ruk. 

Sbaalbim, Sa-al-bim. 

Satan, Sa-tan. [nez. 

Shaalbonite, Za-al-bo-njt, 

Sathrabaznes, Sat-ra-baz- 

Shaaph, Xa-af. 

Sathrabouzanes, Sat - ra - 

Shaaraim, Sa-a-ra-im. 


Shaashgas, Ea-aJ-gas. 

Saul, Sal. 

Shabbethai, Sa-bet-a-j. 

Savaran, Sav-a-ran. 

Shachia, Sak-i-q. 

Savias, Sa-vi-aa. 

Shaddai, Xad-a-j. 

Sceva, SE-TQ. 

Shadrach, Za-drak. 

Scribes, Skrjbz. 
Scythians, S'kit-i-anz. 

Shage, Sa-gg. [mat. 
Shahazimath, Sa-haz-i- 

Scythopolis, Ski-t6p-o-lis. 

Shalem, Xa-lem. 

Scythopolitans, Skit-ca- 

Shalim, Sa-lim. 


Shalisha, Sal-i-Jq. 

Seba, Ss-ba. 

Shallecheth, Xal-g-ket. 

Sebat, Se-bat. 

Shallum, ZAl-um. 

Secacah Sek-a-kq. 

ohaluiai, Xal-ina-j. 

Shalman, Sal-man, [zer. 
Shalmaneser, Xal-ma-ne- 
Shami, Sa-ma. 
Shamed, Sa-mad. 
Shainer, Xa-mer. 
Shauigar, Xam-gar. 
Shanahulh, X:\in-hut. 
Shamir, 51i-mer. 
Shamroa, Xam-a. 
Shamraah, Sim-a. 
Shammai, S:'un-a-j. 
Shamtnoth, Eam-ot. 
Shammuu, Si-mi\-a. 
Shammuah, S'i-mq,-a. 
.Shamsherai, Xiiin-Jg-ra-i. 
Shapham, Ea-fam. 
Shaphan, X-i-fan. 
Shaphat, Xa-fat. 
Shapher, Xa-fer. 
Sharai, Xar-a-j. 
Sharaim, Xar-a-im. 
Sharar, Xa-rar. 
Sharezer, Xa-rg-zer. 
Sharmaim, Xqr-ma-im. 
Sharon, X^-ron. 
Sharonites, X^-ron-jts. 
Sharuben, Xa-rcb-hen. 
Shashai, Xaj-a-j. 
Shashak. Xa-Jak. 
Shaul, Xa-ul. 
Shaulites, Xa-ul-jta. 
Shausha, Xa-yi|,-Ja. 
Shaveh, Xa-ve. 
Shaveth, Xa-vet. 
Sheal, Xg-al. 
Shealtiel, Xg-al-ti-el. 
Sheariah, Xg-a-rj-a. 
Sheba, or Shebah, Xe-ba. 
Shebam, Xe-bam. 
Shebaniah, Xob-a-nj-Q. 
Shebarim. Xeb-a-rim. 
Shebat, Xs-bat. 
Sheber, X-ber. 
Shebna, X;4b-na. 
Shebuel, Xeb-yq,-el. 
Shechaniah, Xek-a-nj-d. 
Shechem, Xe-kera. 
Shecheraites, Xs-kem-jts. 
Shechinah, Xek-i-nq. 
Shedeur, Xed-g-ur. 
Shehariah, Xs-ha-rj-a. 
Shekel, Se-kel. 
Shelah, Xg'-la. 
Shelanites, Xe-lan-it3. 
Shelemiah, Xel-g-mj-a. 
Sheleph, Xg-lef. 
Shelesh, Xs-leJ. 
Shelomi, Xel-o-mj. 



Shelomith, Edl-o-mit, or 

Shimhi, Xini-hj. 


Shitni, Ej-rnj. 

Sheloraoth, Eel-a-mot. 

Shimitcs. Eiin-jts. 

Sheluraiel, Ee-ltj,-mi-el. 

Sbimna, Xiin-im. 

Siicii!, E^ra. 

Shimon, Ej-rnon. 

Shema, Es-ma. 

Shimrath, Eim-rat. 

Sheraaah, Eem-a-q. 

Sbirari, Eira-rJ. 

Shemaiah, Eem-a-j-a. 

Shimrith, Eim-rit. 

Shemariah, Eem-a-rj-a. 

Shimron, Eim-ron. 

Shemeber, Eetn-e-ber. 

Shimronites, Eim-ron-jts. 

Shemer, Ss-raer. 

Shimron Moron, Eim-ron 

Shemida, EE-mj-do. 


Sheminith, Eem-i-nit. 

Shimshai, Eim-Ja. 

Sbeinirainoth, Se-mir-a- 

Shinab, Ei-nab. 


Shinar, Ej-nar. 

Shemucl, Ee-mq,-el. 

Shion, Ej-on. 

Shen, Een. 

Shiphi, Ei-fj. 

Sbenazar, Se-na-zar. 

Shiphmite, Eif-mjt. 

Shenir, EE-ner. 

Shiphra, Eif-ra. 

Shepham, Ee-fara. 

Shiphrath. Eif-rat. 

Shephatiah, Eef-a-tj-a. 

Shiptan, Eip-tan. 

Shephi, Ee-fj. 

Shisha, Ej-Ja. 

Shepho, Ee-fo. 

Shishak, Ej-Jak. 

Shephuphan, Ee-fij,-fan. 

Shitrai, Eic-ra-j. 

Sherah, Es-ra. 

Shittah, Eit-a. fWud. 

Sherebiab. Eer-e-bj-a. 

Sliittim Wood, Eit-im 

Sheresh, Ee-re/. 

Shiza, Ej-za. 

Sherezer, Es-re-zer. 

Shoa, E6-a. 

Sheshack, EE-Jak. 

Shoab, Eii-ab. 

Sheshai, Es-Ja. 

Shoah, Ea-a. 

Sheshan, Ee-Jan. 

Shobach, Ea-bak. 

Sheshbazzar, EoJ-baz-ar. 

Shobai, Eo-ba-j. 

Sheth, Eet. 

Shobal, Eo-bal. 

Shethar, Ee-tar. [na-j. 

Shobek, E6-bek. 

Shethar Boznai, B6i- 

Shobi, Eo-bj. 

Sheva, Se-va. 

Shocho, Eo-ko. 

Shibboleth. Eib-o-le. 

Shochoh, Ea-ko. 

Shibmah, Eib-ma. 

Shoham, Eo-ham. 

Shichron, Ei-kron. 

Shomer, E6-mer. 

Shiggaion, Ei-ga-yon. 

Shophach, E6-fak. 

Shihon, Ej-hon. 

Shophan, S6-fan. 

Shihor, Ej-hor. [nafi. 

Shoshannim, Eo-Jan-im. 

Shihor Libnath, Lib- 

Shoshannim Eduth, 8'- 

Shiihim. Xi-i-bim. 

Shua, E\j,-a. [dufi. 

Shilhi, Eil-h|. 

Shuah, Ei\,-a. 

Shilhim, Eil-him. 

Shual, Ei'i-al. 

Shillem, Eil-em. 

Shubael, Ei'^-ba-el. 

Shillemite-., Eil-em-jts. 

Shuhatn, Eq,-ham. 

Shiloah, Ei-16-a. 

Shuhamites, Ei'i-ham-jts. 

Shiloh, or Shilo, Ej-lo. 

Shuhites, Ei\-hjts. 

Shiloni, Ei-lo-nJ. 

Shulamile, EiV-lam-jt. 

Shilonites, Ei-16-njts. 

Shumathitcs, Xi'i-muO-jts. 

Shilshab, Sil-Ja. 

Shunamite, Et'i-nam-jt. 

Shimea, Eim-e-q. 

Shunem. E>\-nem. 

Shimeah, Eim-e-q. 

Shuni, Ei'i-nj. 

Shimeam, Eim-e-am. 

Shunites, Eq-njts. 

Shimeath, Eitn-e-at. 

Shupham, Ei\,-fam. 


Shuphamite. Eq-fam-Jt. 

Shimei, Eim c-j. 

Shuppirn, Eup-itn. 

6hiineon, Eim-e-oo. 

Shur, Ear. 

Shushan, Ei\-Jan. 
Shushan 8duth, S'du. 
Shuthnlites, Eq,-tal-jts. 
Shuthf'lah, Ei'i-te-lq,. 
Sia, Sj-a. 
Siaka, Sj-a-kq. 
Siba, Sj-ba. 
Sibbachai, Sib-a-ka. 
Sibboletb, Sib-o-let. 
Hibmah, Sib-ma. 
Sibraim, Sib-ra-im. 
Sichem, Sj-kein. 
Siddim, Sid-im. 
Side, Sj-de. 
Sidon, Sj-don. 
Sigionoth, Si-gj-O-not. 
Siha, Sj-ha. 
Sihon, Sj-hon. 
Sihor, Sj-hor. 
Silas, Sj-las. 
Silla, Sil-a. 
Siloa, Sil-o-q, or 
Siloah, Sil-o-q. 
Siloam, Sil-o-am, or Si- 


Siloas, Sil-o-as. 
Siloe, Sil-o-E. 
Simalcue, Sj-mal-kt^-e. 
Simeon, Sim-e-on. 
Simeonites, Sim-e-on-Jtjj. 
Simon, Sj-mon. 
Sitnri, Sim-rj. 
Sin, Sin. 
Sinai, Sj-na. 
Sinira, Sj-nim. 
Sinites, Sin-jta. 
Sion, Sj-on. 
Siphmoth, Sif-mot. 
Sippai, Sip-a. 
Sirach, Sj-rak. 
Sirah, Sj-m. 
Sirion, Sir-i-on. 
Sisaraai, Sis-am-a-J. 
Sisera, Sis-e-rq. 
Sisinnes, Sj-sin-ez. 
Sitnab, Sit-na. 
Sivan, Sj-Tan. 
So, So. 

Sochoh, S6-ko. 
Socoh, S(5-ko. 
Sodi, S6-di. 
Sodom, Sod-om. 
>odotna, S6d-o-mq. 
Sodomites, S6d-om-jts, 
Solomon, S61-Q-tnon. 
Sopater, S6p-a-ter. 
Sophereth, S6f-e-ret. 
Sorek, So-rek. 
Sosi pater, So-sip-a-ter. 
Sosthenw, Sos-fce-nej. 



Sosthenes, Sos-tg-nez. 
Soatratus, Sos-tra-tus. 
Sotai, S6-ta-j, or So-ta-j. 
Stachys, Sta-kis. 
Stacte, Stak-te. 
Stephana, Stef-a-nq. 
Stephanas, Stef-a-uas. 
Stephen, Stg-ven. 
Suah, Sij,-a. 
Suba, Sq,-ba. 
Subai, Sq-ba-j. 
Sucaathitea, Si^-ka-at-jts. 
Succoth, Sdk-ot. 
Succoth Benoth, Be- not, 
Sud, Sud. 
Sudias, Sq-di-as. 
Sukkiitns, Siik-i-imz. 
Sur, Sur. 
Susa, Si\-sa. 
Susanchites, Sq-san-kjts. 
Susannah, Sq-zan-a. 
Susi, Sq-sj. 
Sycamine, Sik-a-min. 
Sycene, Sj-se-ng. 
Sychar, Sj-kar. 
Syelus, Si-e-lus. 
Syene, Sj-e-ne. 
Synagogue, Sin-a-gog. 
Syntyehe, Sin-ti-kg. 
Syria Maacah, Sir-i-a Ma- 


Syrion, Sir-i-on. 
Syrophenicia, Sj - ro - f e - 



Tannach, Ta-a-nak, or 


Taanach Shilo, Xj-lo. 
Tabbaoth, Tab-a-ot. 
Tabbath, Tab -at. 
Tabeal, Ta-be-al. 
Tabeel, Ta-bs-el. 
Tabellius, Ta-bel-i-us. 
Tabera, Tab-e-rq. 
Tabitha, Tab-i-tq. 
Tabor, Ta-bor. 
Tabrimon, Tab-ri-mon. 
Tachmonite, Tak-mo-njt. 
Tadmor, Tad-mor. 
Tahan, Ta-han, 
Tahanites, Ta-han-jta. 
Tahapenes, Ta-hap-E-nez. 
Tahaphanes, Ta-haf-a-nez. 
Tahath, Tn-hat. 
Tahpenes. Tq-pe-ngz. 
Tahrea, Tq-re-q. 

Tahtim Hodshi, Td;-tim 
H6d-J|. [Kq-mj. 

Talitha Cumi, Tal-i-" 

Talmai, Tal-ma. 

Talmon, Tal-mon. 
lsas, Tal-sas. 

Tamah, Ta-ma, 

Tamar, Ta-mar. 

Tammuz, Tam-uz. 

Tanach, Ta-nak. 

Tanhumeth, Tan-hn-met. 

Tanis, Ta-nis. 

Taphath. Ta-fat. 

Taphenes, Taf-e-nez. 

Taphnes, Taf-nez. 

Taphon, Ta-on. 

Tappuah, Tap-yq-q. 

Tarah, Ta-ra. 

Taralah, Tar-a-lq. 

Tarea, Ta-re-q. 

Tarpelites, Tqr-pel-jta. 

Tarshis, Tqr-Jis. 

Tarshish, Tqr-JiJ. 

Tarshisi, Tqr-Jj-sj. 

Tarus, T(\r-su3. 

Tartak, Tqr-tak. 

Tartan, Tqr-tan. 

Tatnai, Tat-na-j. 

Tebah, Te-ba. 

Tebaliah, Teb-a-lj-a. 

Tebeth, Te-bet. [hez. 

Tehaphnehes, Te-haf-ns- 

Tehinnah, Te-nin-a. 

Tekel, Tg-kel. 

Tekoa, Te-k6-a, or 

Tekoah, Te-k6-a. 

Tekoites, Te-kcS-jts. 

Telabib, Tel-a-bib. 

Telah, Te-la. 

Telaim, Tel-a-im. 

Telassar, Te-las-ar. 

Telem, Te-lera. 

Telharesha, Tel-ha-re-Ja. 

Telharsa, Tel-hqr-sa. 

Telmela, Tel-mg-lq. 

Telmelah, Tel-ine-lq. 

Toma, Ts-ma. 

Tetnan, Tg-man. 

Temani, Tem-a-nj. 

Temanite', Te-man-jts. 

Tetneni, Tera-s-nj. 

Tepho, Te-fo. 

Terah, Te-rn. 

Teraphim, Ter-a-fim. 

Teresh, Te-reJ. 

Tertius, Ter-Ji-us. 

Tertullus, Ter-tiil-U3. 

Tcta, Te-ta. 

Tetrarch, Tet-rqrk. 

Thaddcus, Ea-ds-us. 

Thahash, Ra-haJ. 
Thaniah, Ha-ma. 
tq Thamnatha, Ham-na-tq. 
Thara, Ha-ra. 
Tharra, Har-a. 
Tharshish, Hqr-JiJ. 
Thaasi, Ras-j. 
Thebez, fig-bez. 
Thecoe, Hg-k6-e. 
Thelasser, Hg-las-cr. 
Thelersa?, Rg-ler-sas. 
Theocanus, Hg-ok-a-nus. 
Theodotus, Re-6d o-tus. 
Theophilus, Rs-of-i-las. 
Theras, Rg-ras. 
Thermeleth, Rer-mg-let. 
Thessalonica, Res-a-lo-nj- 
Theudas, Hi^-das. [ka. 
Thitnnathath, Rim-na-tat. 
Thisbe, His-bg. 
Thomas, T6m-as. 
Thomoi, Hom-o-j. 
Thraseas, Rra-se-as. 
Thummim, Riim-im. 
Thyatira, Hj-a-tj-ra. 
Tibbath, Tib-at. 
Tiberias, Tj-bg-ri-as. 
Tibni, Tib-nj. 
Tidal, Tj dal*. 
Tiglath Fileser, Tig-lat 

Tikvah, Tik-va. 
Tikvath, Tik-vat. 
Tilon, Tj-lon. 
Timelus, Ti-me-lus. 
Timna, Tim-na. 
Timnath, Tim-nat. 
Tiranathah, Tim-na-tq. 
Timnath Heres, Tim-nail 


Timnath Serah, Ss-ra. 
Timnite, Tim-njt. 
Timotheus, Tj-mo-tg-us. 
Timothy, Tiin-o-ti. 
Tipsah, Tip-sa. 
Tiras, Tj-ras. 
Tirathites, Tj-rat-jts. 
Tirhakah, Ter-ha-kq. 
Tirhan.ih, Ter-ha-nq. 
Tiria, Tir-i-q. 
Tirshatha, Ter-Ja-tq. 
Tirzah, Ter-za. 
Tishbite. tij-bjt. 
Tivan, Tj-van. 
Tiza, Tj-za. 
Ti/.ite, tj-zit. 
Toah, Ta-a. 
Toanah, To-a-nq. 
Tub, Tob. 
Tobiah, To-bj-a. j, - 



Tobias, To-bj-as. 

Uzzah, Uz'a. Fra. 

Tobie, Tw-bi. 

Uzzen Sherah, Uz'en Ke- 

Tobiel, Tca-bi-el. 

Uzzi, Uz'i. 

Tobijah. To-bj-ja. 

Uzziah, Uz-j-a. 

Tobit, T(i-bit. 

Uzziel, Uz-j-el. 

Tochen, Tii-ken. 

Uzzielites, Uz-i-el-Jls. 

Togarraiih, Tu-gq'r-ma. 

Tohu. To-hq. 

Toi, T(5-J. 

Tola, T6-la. 
Tolad, Tu-lad. 


Tolaites, T6-la-{ts. 

TolbaneM, Tol-ba-cez. 
Tolmai, T61-ma. 

Vajezatha, Va-j4z-a-tq. 
Vaniah, Va-nj-a. 

Tophel, T(5-fel. 

Vashni, VaJ-nj. 

Tophet, Tri-fet. 

Vashti, VaJ-tJ. 

Ton, To-yn,. 
Trachonitis, Trak-Q-nj-tis. 

Vophsi, Vof-sj. 

Tripolis, Trip-o-lis. 

Troas, Tro-as. 

Trogyllium, Tro-jil-i-um. 


Trophimus, Trof-i-raus. 

,/ m. 

Tryphena, Trj-fe-na. 

Tryphosa, Trj-fo-sa. 

Xagus. Za-gus. 

Tubal, Ti\,-bal. 

Xanthicus, Zan-ti-kua. 

Tubal Cain, Ka-in. 

Xeneas, Ze-ne-as. 

Tubieni, Ti\-bj-e-nj. 

Xerolybe, Ze-rol-i-be. 

Tyberias, Tj-be-ri-aa. 
Tychicus, Tik-i-kus. 

Xerophagia, Zer-o-fa-ji-a. 
Xystus, Zis-tus. 

Tyrannns, Tj-ran-us. 

Tyre, Tjr. 

Tyrus, Tj-rus. 



Zaaman, Za-a-man. 


Zaanaim, Za-a-na-im. 

Zaanannim, Za-a-nan-im. 

Ucal, Y4-kal. 

Zaavan, Za-a-van. 

Uel, Yi'i-el. 

Zabad, Za-bad. 

Ulai. Yi\,-la-i. 

Zabadaeans, Zab-a-d^-anz. 

Ulam, Yq-lam. 

Zabadaias, Zab-a-da-yas. 

Ulla, Ul'a. 

Zabbai, Zab-a. 

Ummah, Um'a. 

Zabdeus, Zab-de-us. 

Unni, Un'j. 

Zabdi, Zab-dj. 

Upharsin, Yr^-f^r-sin. 

Zabdiel, Zab-di-el. 

Uphaz, Yq,-faz. 

Zabina, Za-bi-na. 

Urbane, Ur'ba-ne. 

Ziibud, Za-btid. 

Uri, Yu-rj. 
Uriah, Y^-ri-a. 

Zabulon, Zab-yri-lon. 
Zuccai, Zak-a j. 

Urias, Yn^-rj-as. [el. 

Zacchous, Za-k-us. 

Uriel, Yn-ri-el, or Yq,-rJ- 
Urijah, Yq,-r|-ja. 

Zaccur, Zak-ur. 
Zachariah, Zak-a-rj-a. 

Urim, Yi'^-rim. 

Zacher, Za-ker. 

Uta, "5Qj,-ta. 

Zadok, Za-dok. 
Zaham, Za-ham. 

Uthi, Y^-tj. 

Zair, Za-er. 

Uzai, YiV-za-i. 

Zalaph, Za-laf. 

Ilzal, Yi\-zal. 

Zalmon, Zal-mon. 

Uzza, Ua'a. 

Zalmonah, Zal-m6-nd. 

Zalmunah, Zal-rnAn-tt. 
Zambia, Zatn-bii. 
Zambri, Zam-br|. 
Zarnoth, Za-inot. [imi. 
Zamsumminu, Zam-zdin- 
Ziinoah, Za-n6-a. 
Zaphnalhpaancah, Zaf- 

Zaphon. Za-fon. 
Zara, Za-ra. 
Zaraces, Zar-a-sez. 
Zarah, Za-ra. 
Zaraias, Zar-a-{-as. 
Zareah, Za-re-q. 
Zareathites, Za-re-at-Jts. 
Zared, Za-red. 
Zarephath. Zar-e-fat. 
Zaretan, Zar-e-tan. 
Zareth Shahar, Za-ret Sa- 


Zarhites, Z^r-hjts. 
Zurtanah, Z^r-ta-nq. 
Zarthan, Zqr-tan. 
Zathoe, Zat-o-e. 
Zathu, Zat-yn,. 
Zathui, Za-ti'i-i- 
Zattu, Zat-yti. 
Zavan, Zti-van. 
Zaza, Za-za. 
Zebadiah, Zeb-a-dj-a. 
Zebah, Ze-ba. 
Zebaim, Zg-ba-im. 
Zebedee, Zeb-s-de. 
Zebina, Ze-bj-na. 
Zeboira, Ze-bo-im. 
Zebuda, Ze-bti-da. 
Zubul, Ze-bul. 
Zebulon, Zeb-yri-Ion. 
Zebulonites, Z^b-yi^-lon- 


Zechariah, Zek-a-rj-a. 
Zedad, Zf-dad. 
Zedekiah, Zed-e-kj-a. 
Zeeb, Zeb, or Ze-eb. 
Xelah, Ze-la. 
Zelek, Ze-lek. 
Zelophead, Ze-l(5-fe-ad. 
Zelotes, Ze-lcS-tez. 
Zelzah, Z<l-za. 
Zemaraim, Zem-a-rd-im. 
Zeraarite, Z^m-a-rjt. 
Zemira, Ze-tni-ra. 
Zenan, /r-n;in. 
Zenas, Ze-nas. 
Zeoritn, Ze-6r-im. 
Zephaniah, Zef-a-nj-a. 
Zephath, Z^-fat. 
Zophi, Ze-fJ, 
Zopho, Zt-fo. 



Zophon, Zs-fon. 
Zephonites, Zef-on-jts. 
Zur, Zer. 
Zerah, Zg-ra. 
Zeruhiah. Zer-a-nj-a. 
Zoraia, Zer-a-j-a. 
Zerau, Ze-ra. 
Zered, ZE -red. 
Zsreda, Zer-e-dq. 
Zeredah, Zer-e-dq. 
Zuredathah, Ze-red-a-tq. 
Zererath, Zer-e-rat. 
Zuresh, Ze-reJ. 
Z'>reth. Ze-ret. 
Zeri, Ze-rj. 
Zaror, Ze-ror. 
Zeruah, Ze-no-a. 
Zarubbabel, Ze-rub-a-bel. 
Zeruiah, Zor-yq,-j-a. 
Zerviah, Zr-vj-a. 
Zethatn, Zg-tam. 
Zethan, Zs-tan. 
Zethar, Ze-tar. 
Zia, Zj-a. 
Ziba, Zj-ba. 
Zibeuo, Zib-e-on. 
Zichri, Zik-r|. 
ZiJdim. Zid-im. 

Zidkijah, Zid-kj-ja. 
Zid-m, Zj-don. or 

Sidon, Sj-don. 
Zidoninns, Zi-do-ni-anz. 
Zif, Zif. 
Ziha, ZMm. 
Ziklag, Zik-lag. 
Zillah, Zil-a. 
Zilpah, Zil-pa. 
Zilthai, Zil-ta. 
Zimmah, Zitn-a. 
Zimratn, Zim-rara, or 
Zimran, Zirn-ran. 
Zimri, Ziin-rj. 
Zin, Zin. 
Zina, Zj-na. 
Zion, Zj-on, or 

Sion, S|-on. 
Zior, Zj-or. 
Ziph, Zif. 
Ziphah, Zi-fa. 
Ziphion, Zif-i-on. 
Ziphites, Zif-its. 
Ziphron, Zj-fron. 
Zippor, Zip-or. 
Zipporah, Zi-po-ra. 
Zithri, Zit-rj. 

Ziz, Ziz. 
Ziza, Zj-za. 
Zizah, Zj-za. 
Zoan, Zoi-an. 
Zoar, Z6-ar. 
Zoba, Z6-ba, or 
Zobah, Zo-ba. 
Zobebah, Zo-be-ba. 
Zohar, Zu>-har. 
Zoheleth, Zti-be-Iet. 
Zonaras, Zon-a-ras. 
Zopeth, ZiS-pet. 
Zophah, ZiS-fa. 
Zophai, Z6-fa. 
Zophar, Zo-far. 
Zophira, Z6-fim. 
Zorah, Za-ra. 

orathite^, Z6-rat-jts. 

oreab, Xn-rs-q. 
Zorites. Z6-rjts. 
Zorobubol, Zo-rob-a-bel. 
Zuar, Zi'],-ar. 
Zuph, Zuf. 
Zur, Zur. 
Zuriel, Zi\,-ri-el. 
/.ioid Zi^-ziuaz. 




States and Terri- 


Population in 1850. 







3,0 48.3 2f> 
846,03 1 





851, 470 

New Hampshire,- 


Rhode I -hi ii' 1 

Newport & Prov'o, 
Hartford & X. H'u. 

\ew Y or i{ 


New Jersey, 


M'ir' 1 ' d' 

Dist. of Columbia, 

Washington City, 

N r fh"c ' 1' 

R 1 >'"h" ' 

South Carolina, 


Texas, ' 


Little Uock, 


Jeffer-on City, 
Iowa City, 


Kansas Territory, 
Nebraska Territory, 
Minnesota Territory, 
N. Mexico Territory, 
Utah Territory, 
Oregon Territory, 
Washington Ter.,-- 

Tntnl . . 

St Paul 




Salt Lake City, 


1 9 A .vi nfifi 

4:>. i an;. 


>:', I'.ll ,s7rt 

THE MEETING OF THE LEGISLATURES. California, Mississippi, Ohio and 
Wisconsin, I M. Jan., Indiana, January, Illinois and Virginia, 2 M. Jan., 
Louisiana, 3 M. Jan., New-York and Pennsylvania. 1 Tu. Jan.. New Jersey, 
2 Tu. Jan., Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts and Michigan, 1 W. Jan., Con- 
necticut, 1 W. May, Rhodu Island, May & Oct., Delaware, 1 Tu. June, New- 
Hampshire, 1 W. June, Tennessee, 1 M. Got., Vermont, 2 Th. Oct., Arkan- 
sas, Florida and Georgia, 1 M. Nov., Alabama, 2 M. Nov., N. Carolina. 3 M. 
Nov., South Carolina, 4 M. Nov., Iowa and Kentucky, 1 M. Dec., Texas, 
December, Missouri, Last M. Deo. 




Tear. Presidents and Vice-Presidents . Vote 

1789 I George Washington, Virginia. 
1793 i John Adams, Massachusetts. 
1793 ) George Washington, Virginia. 
1797 i John Adam.', Massachusetts. 
1697 | John Adams, Massachusetts. 
1801 \ Thomas Jefferson, Virginia. 
1801 ) Thomas Jefferson, Virginia. 
1805 i Aaron Burr, New- Ynrk. 
1805 ) Thomas Jefferson, Virginia. 
1809 I George Clinton, Ntw- York. 
1809 ) James Madison. Virginia. 
1813 \ Geo. Clinton, New- York. 
1813 ) James Madison, Virginia-. 
1817 i Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts. 
1817 \ Jaines Monroe, Virginia. 
1821 ) D. D. Tompkins. New- York. 
1821 | James Monroe, Virginia. 
1825 i D. D. Tompkins, New-York. 
I.S25 ) J,Q. Adams, Jfasmchuwtts. 
1S29 \ John Calhoun, S. Carolina. 
1829 ( Andrew Jackson, Tennessee. 
1833 1 J. C. Calhoun, & Carolina. 
1833 ) Andrew Jackson, Tennessee. 
1837 1 Martin Van Buren, jVew- York. 
1S37 I Martin Van Buren, New- York. 
18 II 1 R. M. Johnston, Kentucky. 
1811 J William H. Harrison, Ohio. 
1815 i John Tyler, Virginia. 
1815 ) James K. Polk, Tennessee. 
1819 i Geo. M. Dallas. Pennsylvania. 
1819 j Zachary Taylor, Louisiana. 
1853 i Millard Fillmore, New- Yoik. 
1853 ) Franklin Pierce, N- Hampshire. 
1857 i W. R. King, North Carolina. 
1857 j Jas. Buchanan. Pennsylvania. 
1831 j J. C. Breckinridge, Kentucky. 











Geo. Clinton, N-Y. 








John Adams, Mass. 




C. C. Pinkney, 




C. C. Pinkney, 



Rufus King, Maint. 



C. C. Pinkney. 




Rufus King, Maine. 




Dewitt Clinton, N-Y. 



Jared Ingersoll. Pa. 




Rufus King, Maint. 





J. Q. Adams, Mass. 





Andrew Jackson, Ttinn. 






J. Q. Adam.s, Mass. 


1 9 


R. Rush. Pa. 



Henry Clav, Ky. 




John Sergeant, Pa. 
William H. Harrison, Ohio. 




Francis Granger, N- Y. 




Martin Van Buren, N-Y. 



R. M. Johnston, Ky. 




Henry Clay, Ky. 



J. Frielinghuvzen, N-Y. 


163 Lewis Cass, Mieh. 



163 W. 0. Butler, Ky. 



251 Winfield Saott, 'Md. 


254 1 W. A. Graham, Pa. 


173 J. C. Fremont. Gal. 



173] W. L. Dayton, N-J. 




Gen. Election. 


M ' 

2 M. Sept. 
2 Tu. March. 
1 Tu. Sept. 
2 M. N >v. 
1 W. April. 
1 M. April, 
t Tu. Nov. 
1 Tu. Nov. 
2 Tu. Oct. 
2 Tu. Nov. 
1 W. Nov. 
4 Th. April. 
2 Th. Aug. 
2 M. Oct. . 
1 M. Oct. 

1 M Ont. 


New Hampshire,--- 
Rhode Island, 

mnec icu , 

Np W J - 01 - ' 


Jo a wa re. 

North Carolina,-- 
South Carolina, 


Gen. Election. 


Al- ba 

1 M. Aug. 
I M. &, Tu. N. 
1 M. Nov. 
1 M. Aug. 
1 M. Aug. 
1 Th. Aug. 
1 M. Aug. 
2 Tu. Ot. 
1 Tu. Nov. 
2 Tu. Oct. 
1 Tu. Nov. 
1 M. Aug. 
1 M. Aug. 
1 Th. Nov. 
1 Th. Sept. 





r an^ s, 


fthii. .... 

. ic i ra an, 

Tir ' 

\tV^, a ' 

Tnbil .. 











Antioch College, 

Yi-llow Springs, 






T - 

Beloit -.. 

Beloit, llock co., 




Bethany College, 
Bo wdoin, 



N. J 
.. i ,. 

Centre, - 


S. C 

.. V T 


Xew- York, 

N. Y 

Cumberland University, 

Mecklenburg co., 

X. H 
N. C 

East Tennessee, 



. .. Vn. 





T n 


Vear Nashville, 
S T ew Athens, 


N Y 


D. C. 




X. Y. 

X. Y. 

Hampden Sidney, 
Hanover College, 
Harvard University, 
Hobart Free College,! 
Holy Cros3, 

'rince Edward co. 


Indiana Asbury University,J 
Indiana State University,- 


















Vols. in 





if* i- ran *rr 

,, a Y 1 ""^ 6 ' 

N Y 




\i 'k"'' 1 ^' + 

1 anon co., 

.. .in 


6,-; oo 


Mercer University,* 
Miami University, 


. . . V t 

Mia 3Ur y> 

* i e ury, 


C 1 b'ia 


Mount St. Mary's. 
Norwich University, 




Oberlin College, 
Ohio University, 
Ohio Weslt-yan University,} 
Randolph Macon,J 



Mecklenburg co.. 
Taylor co., 



New Brunswick,- 


South Carolina, 

Upper Alton,-- 

S. C. 


St. Charles,^ ' 
St. James's,! 
St. John'*, 

St. Charles, 
Washington co., 

N. Y. 

St. Joseph's, 




St. Phillip's, 

Near Detroit, 
Cape Girardeau, 
Near Greenville, - 

N. Y. 
M ch 

St. Xavier, 
Tufts College, 

8 : 140 

University at Lewisburg,*- 
University of Alabama, 
New York, 
N. Carolina, 
" Rochester, * 
St. Loui.*, 

New Orleans,- 


1 ->. mm 

Chapel Hill. 
St. Loui?, 

N. Y. 
N. C. 
N. Y. 
. ..Vt 



University of Virginia, 








Toll. In 




.. Va 

Virginia Military Institute, 
Wake Forest,* 

Wake Forest, 


N. C. 




. . Vn 

We.-lcyan Female, 
Western Military Institute,- 
Western Reserve, 
We.*leyan University,:}: 
William and Mary,t 

Washington Co.,-- 
Drennun Springs, 
Williams town,-- 





Wisconsin University, 


New Ilaveu, 

The Colleges marked thus (*) are subject to the control of the Bap- 
tists; thus (f) Episcopalian*; thus (J) Method i*t ; thus () Uatlwlict. 


PHONOGRAPHY has been denned as a philosophical method 
of writing the English language, with an alphabet composed 
of the simplest geometrical signs, which accurately represent 
the sounds of spoken words. It may be written six times as 
fast as the ordinary longhand, and is equally legible. Aside 
from the scientific propriety of the system, as made manifest 
in the Introduction which follows, the following practical 
advantages are worthy of consideration: 

1. To professors of scientific and literary institutions to 
gentlemen of the bench or the bar to legislators in the halls 
of representation to ministers of religion to lecturers on 
the various arts and sciences it presents the most invalu- 
able aid, in enabling them to arrange, condense, and fix their 
thoughts, facts, arguments and proofs, in the briefest period 
of time and the shortest possible space, presenting, in the 
condensed schedule of a small page, a full and complete syn- 
opsis of their most elaborate speeches, orations, or discourses. 

2. By its aid, the advocates in the courts of justice or the 
halls of trial, will be enabled to write, with ease and accu- 
racy, either the full depositions of important witnesses, or the 
facts, proofs, evidences, and arguments of legal opponents, 
and thus be in a position, not only to meet them with readi- 
ness and strength, but eventually to thoroughly overthrow 
and refute them. 

3. The student in the halls of science can transcribe with 
faithfulness, and preserve in the smallest compass, the valu- 
able lessons of professors, and thus preserve, for the medita- 
tion of his leisure hours, a connected wlwle, instead of broken, 
detached, and uncertain fragments, that often serve to con- 
fuse, bewilder, or perplex. 

4. Merchants, and clerks of mercantile houses, to whom 
tints and space are really a desideratum, will find Phonography 
a n.ost invaluable auxiliary; as the ease with which it can 


be learned and acquired, and the facility and readiness with 
which it can be written and read, will enable them to tran- 
scribe their accounts, to note their memoranda, to post up 
their bills, and even to conduct their correspondence, in less 
than one-fifth of the ordinary time, and in a considerable re- 
duction of the ordinary space; and as " time is money," it 
presents to them indeed a most invaluable gain. 

5. To the author, editor, or general writer to the orator, 
legislator, or minister how invaluable must it be, when they 
reflect how many of their most brilliant thoughts and most 
glowing conceptions, how many of the most sparkling gems 
of their imaginations and the most radiant pearls of their 
thoughts, that in moments of genius and enthusiasm flash 
like electric sparks from the mind, are forever lost for the 
want of some Daguerrean process, like the one we present, 
to catch and transfix them on the wing, recording them on 
the glowing page in all the freshness, vigor, and brilliancy of 
their first conception, as rapidly as they are presented to the 
mind! and for the lack of which, alas! like the dazzling flash 
of the evanescent meteor, they fade and expire as rapidly as 
they are kindled, and leave but the indistinct memory of their 
trace behind. 

G. A practical acquaintance with this art is highly favor- 
able to the improvement of the mind, invigorating all its fac- 
ulties, and drawing forth all its resources. The close atten- 
tion requisite in following the voice of the speaker (in report- 
ing) induces habits of patience, perseverance and watchful- 
ness, which will gradually extend, till they form habits that 
will be found useful through life. The close attention to the 
words and thoughts of the speaker which is necessary in 
writing them down, will naturally have a tendency to endue 
the mind with quickness of apprehension and distinctness of 
perception, whereby the judgment will be strengthened and 
the taste refined. 

7. The memory is also improved by the practice of Pho- 
nography. The necessity for the writer to retain in his 


mind the last sentence of the speaker, while he is attending 
at the same time to what follows, and also to penning down 
his words, must be highly beneficial to that faculty, which is 
more than any other improved by exercise. It draws out 
anJ improves all the faculties of the mind. 

"Phonography," says Messrs. FOWLERS & WELLS, "we re- 
gard as one of the most important inventions of the age, and 
one which should be open to every person desirous of being 
considered educated. As a system of reporting, general cor- 
respondence, and memoranda, it is unparalleled in usefulness. 
In chirography, it is what the telegraphs are in agencies for 
transmitting thought. We employ three reporters, one in 
our office and two who travel with lecturers from our house. 
In ten minutes we can dictate an article for publication which 
we could not compose and write in two hours; besides it con- 
tains more spirit and freshness than if labored through at the 
slow pace of ordinary composition. Every scholar should by 
all means learn it." 

Professor HART, Principal of the Philadelphia High School, 
says: " Phonography has been introduced into this institu- 
tion two years and a half, and has been learned by about 
four hundred. Two hundred are studying it now. It is one 
of the regular branches of the course, being attended to three 
times a week during the whole of the first year. Had I not 
supposed it to be of much practical value, I should not have 
urged its introduction, a measure which I have seen no occa- 
sion to regret. Such of ourstudenls as have made Phono- 
graphic Reporting a profession, have got along in life faster, 
by all odds, than those in any other kind of business, and 
that without the possession of any special brilliancy of tal- 
ents. Some of them, not yet turned twenty, are now mak- 
ing more money by Phonographic Reporting than the Princi- 
pal of the High School, after having given himself for more 
than twenty years to his profession." 

Said the Hon. Thomas Benton: " Had this art been known 
forty years ago, it would have saved me twenty years of 
hard labor." 

" It is my humble opinion that it will eventually supersede 
the present system of writing, as the steam carriage train 
supersedes the old eight inch wheeled wagon." Rev. D unbar. 

Such are the tendencies of the art this book is designed to 

BROTHERS, PuMislers, 
No. 160 Vine Street, Cincinnati, 0. 

TEN years' experience in the Phonographic art, as Teacher and Re- 
porter, find for nearly the same period occupied, more or less, in preparing 
books for the press, give the author of the AMERICAN MANUAL or 
PHOXOQRAPHT the fullest assurance in presenting this work to the 
public. Since its first publication, it has undergone careful revision, and 
now appears in an entirely new dress, in every way adapted to the wants 
of the teacher and private learner. It differs from any other work pub- 
lished, in the following particulars: 

1. The explanatory matter is in large, clear type. 

2. The Phonographic Exercises are engraved in a bold, distinct style, 
that they may be as easily read by candlelight as daylight. 

3. The Reading and Writing Exercises are introduced just where the 
text requires them, whether it be on the same page or the opposite one. 

4. The Exercises to bo written are printed in phonetic spelling, which, 
being fully explained, enables the learner to analyze accurately, and 
vocalize his writing correctly two essentials to rapid progress and the 
attainment of a good style. 

5. Each lesson is closed with a review in the form of questions, which, 
as in all other text books on science, proves of great service to both learner 
and teacher. 

6. It contains more extensive lists of Contracted Words, and more 
Phraseography than any other work. 

7. Beside the above characteristic features, the AMERICAN MANUAL 
possesses all the late improvements in Phonography, including the adapta- 
tion of the art to the writing of foreign languages. 

8. The AMERICAN MANUAL is one-fourth larger than works of the kind 
usually are, more space being devoted to an exposition of the philosophy 
of the system, fur the purpose of satisfying the studont in regard to the 
necessity of the various contraction-', etc. It is printed on the very best 
of paper, and is substantially and elegantly bound. 

PRICES:- Single copies, in paper covers, 40 cts.; postage 4 etc. 

" in boards, 45 cts.; " Sets. 

in cloth. 50 cts,; " Sets. 

" in black sheep. 75 etc,; " Sets. 

Three to 10 copies at one-fourth less; 12 to 20 at one-ti.irJ less-. 

Published and Sold by Longley Brothers, Cincinnati, 0* 

THE SPELLING REFORM Instituted to make universal education possi- 
ble, by rendering the arts of Reading and Writing pleasant and easy to acquire. 
PHOXOTVPY is a rational system of spelling words as they are pronounced, 
by employing an enlarged alphabet containing a separate letter for each sound, 
by which means the drudgery of learning to spell ia entirely dispensed with, 
and learning to read is accomplished in one-fourth of the time required in the 
old way. PHONOGRAPHY is a truly philosophical method of writing tlw 
English Language, by an alphabet composed of the simplest geometrical signs, 
which accurately represent the sounds of spoken words. It may be written 
Bix times as fast as ordinary longhand, and is equally legible, and such is the 
simplicity of the art that its principles may be easily mastered even without th 
aid of a teacher. 

The first price is that charged, at the counter: the second inclvdet the 
prepayment (fpustage; a liberal reduction Iry the quantity. 

Fhonotypic Works. 

Chart of the Phonotypic Alphabet, on a sheet 28 

by 42 inches, with a Key, 25 25 

The same, 36 by 50, with explanatory matter, and remarks on the 

acquisition of Good Reading, 50 54 

The same, on canvas and roller, 1,50 

Phonetic Primer, each letter illustrated with a 

letter suggestive of its sound, 5 6 

First Phonetic Reader, containing simple and in- 
teresting reading lessons, 10 14 

Second Phonetic Reader, containing lessons 

of a more advanced grade. 20 25 

The Transition Reader, or a Course of Inductive 

Romanic Reading Lessons. For the use of Phonetic Readers in 
learning to read Romanically, 20 25 

Biographies of the Presidents, with their Portraits. 

In paper covers, 30 35 ; in cloth, gilt lettering, 40 43 

New Testament, 12mo. edition, according to the 

authorized version. In cloth, 75 90; dark sheep, 85 1,00: morocco, 

gilt, $1,25-1,40 

Money-Getting and Money-Spending; a Prize Es- 
say of twenty-four chapters; a serious and reformatory work. In 
paper, 2530; cloth, 4046 

Phonetic Dictionary of the English Language; 

a complete work of 800 octavo pages, embracing also lists of Classi- 
1 cal, Geographical and Scriptural Names. $3,50 4,00 

Pronouncing Medical Lexicon, the definitions in 

the "ommon spelling. An invaluable companion to Medical Students, 
readers of physiological and hygienic works. Cloth, 75 85; sheep, 85 1,00 

Phonetic Almanac, and Register of the Spelling 

and Writing Reform, together with a list of the American Phonetio 
Society, for the years 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855 and 1856. 10 


Phonetic Longhand Writer; exhibiting various 

styles of Penmanship, 10 11 

Longhand Alphabet, in slips, to be used as a key 

by enclosing in letters written in phonetic longhand. Per dozen, 6 7 

School Credit Tickets. A handsome and useful 

form of Credit Tickets, in Phonetic dress. The Ticket is adapted for 
Primary and District Schools. Per hundred, 40 

Type of the Times; a journal of the Writing and 

Spelling Reform. Printed in the new orthography. Semi-monthly. 

Pur year, in advance, $1,00 

The Youth's Friend; an elegant monthly paper, 

devoted to the improvement of the young. Embellished with Por- 
traita and Historical Illustrations, partly in the phonetic orthography. 
50 cents a year ; three copies, $1,00 ; ten copies, $3,00 ; twenty copies, $5,00 

Phonographic Works. 

First Lesson in Phonography ; Containing the Al- 
phabet and a simple reading lesson. Useful for lecturers to distribute 
in an audience, &c. 1 ct. Per hundred, 5060 

American Manual of Phonography ; being a com- 
plete exposition of Phonetic Shorthand, especially arranged so as to 
give the fullest instruction to those who have not the assistance of the 
oral teacher. In paper, 40 42 ; cloth, 50 58 

|5jjf~ Tliis instruction 'book is just published, and differs from any other 
work of the kind in this important particular: It tJujrouahly "^plains 
the P^wnotypic or new printing alphabet, and its exercises for writ- 
ing are printed phonetically, which enables the pupil to progress more 
correctly and rapidly than if printed in the ordinary orthography. 

Manual of Phonography, 50 57, extra cloth, 60 67 
Phonographic Reader, engraved exercises, 25 

Cruise of the Tomtit; Second Reader, ditto, 25 

Manners Book, corresponding style, do. 75 81 

Teacher, a Treatise on Lecturing and Teaching 

Phonography, 1,001,07 

Copy Slips, a series of Phonographic exercises, 10 11 
Phonographer's Song, richly illustrated, 25 27 

Phon. Mag., for 1854, '55, '56, per vol, 1,251,36 
Phonographic Chart, in colors, 75 1,00 

Reporter's Companion ; the adaptation of Phon. 

to verbatim reporting, 75 81, cloth, 1,00 1,07 
History of Shorthand, reporting style, 75 81 

Manners Book, in easy reporting, 75 81 

Phon. Reporter for 1854, '55, '56, per vol, 1,251,36 

University of Toronto 








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