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Jvitcrxxrltoti Association 0f ^mmxa 




Secretary of the Association, 

Secretary of Livingston Chapter, Sons of the Revolution ; Member Society Sons of the 

American Revolution ; Society of Colonial Wars ; Society of War of 1812 ; Order of 

Founders and Patriots; Society of Mayflower Descendents ; Order of 

Descendents of Colonial Governors ; Order of the Old Guard of 

Illinois; New England Historic-Genealogical Society; 

New York Historical Society ; Albany Institute ; 

Albany Historical and Art Society, Etc. 



of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 



of Albany, N. Y., 

and presented by them to Association Members. 


S. H. Wentworth, Printer, 





Preface 5 

Constitution and By-Laws . 7 

Officers of the Association 1895-6 12 

Officers of the Association 1896-7 13 

Members since organization 14 

Early History 18 

First Reunion at Hartford, Ct 20 

Meeting of Executive Board at Springfield, Mass. ...... 25 

Second Reunion at Boston, Mass ...... 26 

Responses to Banquet Toasts. 
Opening Remarks of Hon. Marcus P. Knowlton 38 

Response of Mr. James B. Knowlton to "Battle of Bunker 

Hill." 39 

Response of Hon. Hosea M. Knowlton, Attorney -General, to 

"Commonwealth of Massachusetts." 41 

Response of Hon. Samuel Utley to " Colonel Thomas Knowl- 
ton of Connecticut." 44 

Reading of Mr. William Herrick Griffith's toast, " Lieutenant 
Daniel Knowlton of Connecticut and his Military Descend- 
ants," by Mr. Miner Rockwell Knowlton 49 

Response of Hon P. H. Woodward to "The Good Old 

State of Connecticut. " . 70 

Response of Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy to " The Knowl- 
ton Statue and First Reunion." 74 

Response of Mr. Frederick J. G. Knowlton to "Our Canadian 

Cousins." 76 

Response of Mr. Leslie D. Knowlton to "The Knowlton 

Association." 78 

Response of Rev. Charles H. W. Stocking, D. D., to "The 

Knowlton History." '. So 

Knowlton Stag Dinner in New York 85 

Memorial to Deceased Members 86 


In submitting this first Year Book of the Knowlton Association 
of America, the Secretary feels that an apology is due its memteis 
for his long delay in issuing the work. It was expected that mem- 
bers would have it by January, 1897. Various interruptions, 
occasioned by unforseen causes, and much correspondence required 
by his duties as an officer of this Association, have rendered it im- 
possible for the Secretary to issue the work before. However, he 
hopes that the little book will be accorded a welcome, even though 
it be a somewhat tardy one; that his humble effort may result at 
least in stimulating the interest of some Knowltons who have thus 
far neither attended the Re-unions nor affiliated with the Association 
and that the perusal of its pages may recall pleasant memories to 
those who have. 

The Secretary hopes that suitable authority may be given him 
at a future meeting to devote such proportion of treasury funds as 
remain after paying for necessary correspondence and printing, to 
the publication of a Yearly Register and Record of Association 
Meetings, as a means of keeping the members of this widely 
scattered family in touch with each other, thus stimulating and in- 
creasing an interest in Knowlton annals and tradition, which thus 
far displayed has been so gratifying. 

Albany, N, Y., ist August, 1897. 





17th June, 1896. 




This Association shall be known as The Knowlton 
Association of America. 



This Association shall be governed by a Board of 
Ofificers consisting of a President, Vice-President, Secre- 
tary, Treasurer, Historian and an Executive Committee 
of five members, all of whom shall hold office for one 
year or until their successor shall be elected. Election 
shall be held at each regular meeting of the Association, 
although a year has not elapsed from the time of the 
last preceding meeting and their term of office shall 
begin on the day next after the day of their election. 



The objects of this Association are hereby declared 
to be the bringing together of scattered members of the 
Knowlton Family of America to hold annual re-unions 
at convenient places; to promote mutual interest and 
good fellowship ; to strengthen patriotic sentiment and 
to put into permanent form the genealogy and annals of 
all known members of the family from their earliest 
progenitor down to the present time. 



All persons bearing, or who before marriage have 
borne the name of Knowlton, and all their lineal des- 
cendants of whatever name, or all who have intermarried 
with persons bearing the name, shall be eligible to mem- 
bership in this Association. 

Honorary membership may, by vote of the Execu- 
tive Board, be conferred upon such persons as may 
have, by their services to the family or prominence in 
the Nation deserve it. Such persons shall be exempt 
from all dues or assessments but, with the exception of 
the Historian, shall not be eligible to hold office. 



The funds of this Association shall be devoted to 
the necessary expenses of the Secretary and Treasurer, 
and should sufficient funds be left they shall be applied 
to assisting the Historian in meeting such necessary 
expenses as may be incurred in promoting the general 
interests of the Association in the way of research. 



The membership dues of this Association shall be 
$2.00 per annum payable in advance, on November 13th 
of each and every year. 


It shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to 
act with the other officers of this Association in making 
arrangements for the Annual Re-unions. 






November 13, 1895, to January, 1897. 





Who have joined from its organization, November 13. 1895, 

to May I, 1897. 

Officers from November 13, 1895, to November 13, 1896. 



Springfield, Mass. 


Windsor, Ct. 



Albany, N. Y. 


East Orange, N. J. 


Officers from November 13, 1896, to November 13, 1897. 



Attorney General of Massachusetts, 

New Bedford, Mrss. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 

secretary and TREASURER, 


Albany, N. Y. 


East Orange. N. J. 

executive committee, 
MINER R. KNOWLTON, Poughkeepsie. N. Y. 

Colonel JULIUS W. KNOWLTON, Bridgeport, Ct. 

GEORGE H. FITTS, Ashford, Ct. 

FREDERICK J. G. KNOWLTON, St. John, New Brunswick. 
GEORGE W. KNOWLTON, Boston, Mass. 

Wilson Ames, 
Franklin Ames, 
George H. Ames. 
Amos K. Allstyne, 
Benjamin B. Bradbury, 


[Charter inenibcrs are marked *.] 

1625 Old Colony Building, Chicago, 111. 
2204 Prairie Avenue, Chicago, 111. 
17 Plymouth Place, Chicago, 111. 
299 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 
Drexel Building, New York City. 
Mrs. Charles DeW. Brownell, 107 Westminster St., Providence, R.I. 
Mrs. Anna M. Bacon, Scarboro, N. Y. 

Miss Minnie L. Baird, Lee, Mass. 

Isaac Knovvlton Bradbury, 

Boston and Bangor S. S. Co., Boston, Mass. 
Mrs. C. A. Batchelor, 
Eli W. Batchelor, 
Waldo F. Brown, 
*Mrs. Sydney W. Crofut, 
^George T. Chaffee, 
*Mrs. J. F. Chamberlin, 
*Wolcott Chaffee, 
*Lucretia Chaffee, 
Newman K. Chaffee, 
Henry Chaffee, 
Joseph C. Chaffee, 
Dr. F. K. Chaffee, 
Mrs. Charles L. Colby, 
Mrs. C. L. Currin, 
Mary E. Carter, 
William Chaffee, 

West Upton, Mass. 

West Upton, Mass. 

Oxford, Butler, Co., Ohio. 

Danielson, Ct. 

Rutland, Vt. 

Stafford Springs, Ct. 

Garretsville, Portage Co., Ohio. 

Windham, Ohio. 

Rutland, Vt. 

Lee, Mass. 

Lee, Mass. 

Pittsfield, Mass. 

3 East 69th Street, New York City. 

The Kenwood, Chicago, 111. 

Wayside, N. Y. 

Box 594, Sioux City, Iowa. 

^Mrs. Julia Knowlton Dyer, 

40 Hancock Street, Dorchester, Boston, Mass. 
Col. Charles L. Dean, 14 Blackstone Street, Boston, Mass. 

^George H. Fiits, Ashford, Ct. 

Thomas Knowlton Fitts. Hartford, Ct. 

Mrs. Sarah Knowlton Foster, Knowlton, P. Q., Canada. 

Hiram Sewell Foster, Knowlton, P. Q., Canada. 

'i'Mrs. P. H. Knowlton Foote, i Beech Glen Avenue, Boston, Mass. 
*Miss Fidelia C. Foote, i Beech Glen Avenue, Boston, Mass. 


*Mrs. Mary L. Knovvlton Griffith, 328 Hudson Ave., Albany, N. Y. 
*William Herrick Griffith, 37 Maiden Lane, Albany, N. Y. 

Miss Margaret Francis Griffith, care of William H. Griffith. 
Mrs. Helen Knovvlton Gibson, Alpine St., West Newton, Mass. 
Miss Edith Hoyt, Stamford, Ct. 

Mrs. Charles S. Hall, Binghamton, N. Y. 

*Jesse F. Knowlton, Peabody, Mass. 

*Miner Rockwell Knowlton, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Miner Nathaniel Knowlton, late U. S. N., 

28 Gurley Street, Chicago, N. Y. 
*Thomas Knowlton, Foster, P. Q., Canada. 

'^'Mark D. Knowlton, 13 Allen Street, Rochester, N. Y 

*Fred. Knowlton, 13 Allen Street, Rochester, N. Y. 

Frederick Kirk Knowlton, Rochester, N. Y. 

Annie Dean Knowlton, Rochester, N. Y. 

*George W. Knowlton, West Upton, Mass. 

*Daniel W. Knowlton, West Upton, Mass 

*James B. Knowlton, Ludlow, Mass. 

*Col. JuHus W. Knowlton, Army and Navy Club, Bridgeport, Ct 
Harlan P. Knowlton, 209 Maine Street, Hartford, Ct. 

*George D. Knowlton, 73 Howell Street, Providence, R. L 

Charles Sumner Knowlton, 1005 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
*Edwin F. Knowlton, 201 Columbia Heights, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Eben J. Knowlton, 87 Remsen Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Mrs. Sybil Ann Knowlton, 328 Hudson Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

Nathaniel Knowlton, Couse. Rensselaer Co., N. Y. 

*George H. Knowlton, 328^^ Hudson Avenue, Albany, N. Y. 

Miss Mary Ellenore Knowlton, 3281^ Hudson Ave., Albany, N. Y. 
Henry T. Knowlton, 130 Pearl Street, New York City. 

Hon. Hosea M. Knowlton, Attorney General, New Bedford, Mass. 
Edgar J. Knowlton, Manchester, N. H. 

George H. Knowlton, 744 Elm Street, Manchester. N. H. 

A. Curtis Knowlton, 39 South Water Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ann W. Knowlton, Newburgh, Maine. 

Charles D. Knowlton, Freeport, 111. 

Lieut. Joseph Lippincott KnowUon, U. S. A., Ft. Sheridan, 111. 
Henry C. Knowlton, 517 Southeastern Avenue, Joliet, 111. 

Hon. Marcus P. Knowlton, Springfield, Mass. 

Paul Holland Knowlton, Eastman, P. C , Canada. 

Dallas Knowlton, 631 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, D. C. 


Selden Knowlton, Farmington Falls, Maine. 

George C. Knowlton (Died December, i8g6), St. Louis, Mo. 

J. George Knowlton, 
E. Frank Knowlton. 
Leslie D. Knowlton, 
William M. Knowlton, 
Willis F. Knowlton, 
Edward F. Knowlton, 
Willis Knowlton, 
Philip E. Knowlton, 
Phineas Knowlton, 
IngersoU F. Knowlton, 
Mrs. Reginald Kirkpatrick, 
Miss Minnie Kirkpatrick, 
George W. Knowlton, 
John P. Knowlton, 
Lyman O. Knowlton, 
George Phelps Knowlton. 
Nathan M. Knowlton, 
John C. Knowlton, 
D. A. Knowlton, 
Homer W. Knowlton, 
Daniel Knowlton, 
Fred J. G. Knowlton, 
Nathaniel Knowlton, 
J. Russell Knowlton, 

Gilsey House, New York City. 

Camden, Maine. 

125 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 

Rowayton, Ct. 

Saginaw, Mich. 

58 Mynle Avenue, Manchester, N. H. 

610 Cookman Avenue, Asbury Park, N. J. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Box 706, Springfield, Mass. 

Armonk, Westchester Co., N. Y. 

323 Washington Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

323 Washington Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

Watertown, N. Y. 

Sagamore, Mass. 

516 Ash Street, Indianapolis, Ind. 

4 Central Square, Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Westboro, Mass. 

Watertown, N. Y. 

Freeport, 111. 

Pecatonica, 111. 

St. John, New Brunswick. 

St. John, New Brunswick. 

South Berwick, Maine. 

51 Exchange Place, New York City. 

George E. Knowlton, 

care of Blake Brothers, Nassau Street, New York. 

Mrs. J. L. Keith. 
Levi Knowlton, 
Mrs. W. R. Kimball, 
James Wolcott Knowlton, 
John L. Knowlton, 
Harriet M. Knowlton, 
James Knowlton, 
Mrs. Annie M. Knowlton, 
Timothy Knowlton, 
Fred A. Knowlton, 
Lester N. Knowlton, 
Alden P. Knowlton, 

Grafton, Mass. 

Utica, Leiping Co., Ohio. 

"The Yates," Syracuse, N. Y. 

1645 K Street, Washington, D. C. 

Brattleboro, Vt. 

care of Edmund F. , Swampscott, Mass. 

52 Monument Street, Portland, Maine. 

West Upton, Mass. 

Norwich, Ct. 

Marion, Iowa. 

Holyoke, Mass. 

Bondsville, Mass. 


Rochester. N. Y. 

Calhan, Colorado. 

Warrenville, Ct. 

Windsor, Ct. 

9 Lawrence Street, Chelsea, Mass. 

340 State Street. Albany, N. Y. 

Beverly, Mass. 

Box 52, Scarboro, N. Y. 

Box 52, Scarboro, N, Y. 

Box 52, Scarboro, N. Y. 

Hamlin C. Knowlton, 

Charles F. Knowlton, 

Miss Mary A. Loomis, 

*Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy, 

*Mrs. George E. Mitchel, 

Elijah Wariner Murphey, 

Mrs. H. M. Magee, 

Miss Eleonore J. Mulholland, 

Mrs. Anna E. Mulholland, 

Miss Daisy Maud Mulholland, 

Mrs. Mary Knowlton Mixer, 427 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mrs. William Marland, 
Thomas Reid, 
Helen E. Starr, 
Martha Knowlton Starr, 
*Hon. Samuel Utley, 
*Mrs. J. B. Van Schaick, 
Mrs. Sarah C. Wheeler, 
Mrs. D. L. Watson, 
A. L. Williams, 
E. B. Woodin, 
Mrs. Charles Wood, 
Mrs. Abigail Wilson, 
Charles Russ Wood, 
Shelton K. Wheeler, 
Mrs. Arthur C. Widger, 
Mrs. Harriet K. Walker, 
Katherine Wood, 

12 School Street, Andover, Mass. 

7 Tower Street, Montreal, Canada. 

2 Beacon Street, Hartford, Ct. 

2 Beacon Street, Hartford, Ct. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Huntington. L. I. 

Becket, Mass. 

Gloucester, Mass. 

Enfield and Canaan, N. H. 

27 Sargent Street, Springfield, Mass. 

528 W. 28th Street, Faribault, Minn. 

Rockport, 111. 

528 W. 8th Street, Fairbault, Minn. 

Chattenooga, Tenn. 

Francis Street, Boston, Mass. 

South Berwick, Maine. 

528 West 8th Street, Faribault, Minn. 

Members will please inform the Secretary immediately of all changes in names 
and addresses. 


While eno^afjed in loukiiiii- up £renealoo-ical and 
historical matter concerninir a branch of the Knowlton 
family, previous to the summer of 1895 the present 
Historian and Secretary of the Association heard of. and 
became known to. manv members of the Knowlton 
familv all over New England and the Middle States, 
through correspondence and per'^nnal interviews. In 
this wav thev collected a mure or less comidcte list of 
names and addresses of different members of the family. 
Having been informed with a few others, by some of 
the Hartford Knowltons (who had been instrumental in 
securing the appropriation for the Knowlton statue), 
that it was to be unveiled with appropriate ceremonies 
at Hartford some time in the fall of 1895, Dr. Stocking 
and Mr. Griffith, above referred to, decided to submit 
their list of names to the Statue Commission, and sug- 
gested the sending of in\ itations for this event to as 
many members of the familv as could be learned of. 
As Colonel Thomas Knowlton, of Connecticut, was a 
representative hero of the race in America, it was felt by 
the Secretary and Historian, that the ceremonies attend- 
ing the unveiling of his statue would prove of deep 
interest not onlv to his immediate branch of the familv 
but also to all bearing the name who were descended 
from Captain William Knowlton, Colonel Thomas' pro- 
genitor, and first of the name to visit this country. 
They also thought that no better time than this could 
be chosen for a reunion of the family and an attempt if 

possible to make the different liranches of this widely 
scattered circle known to each other and by forming 
some kind of a society or organization, rescue and pre- 
serve records and facts in a systematic way which other- 
wise would in time be lost. 

Accordingly having advised with the Commission 
at Hartford, and after a time obtained their co-operation 
and consent to this object, Mr. Griffith issued notices 
announcing that a reunion of the family would be held 
immediatelv after the unveiling ceremonies at Hartford. 
November 13, 1895, and these notices were mailed to 
everv member of the family and name whose address 
could be obtained. Through the courtesy of the Statue 
Commission, and especially of Mr. Charles Dudley 
Warner, one of its members, the Hall of Representatives 
in the Capitol building itself was offered as the place for 
holding this reunion, and notices announcing the fact 
were published in the Hartford papers previous to the 
13th of November. Many persons who came to attend 
the unveiling ceremonies saw these newspaper notices 
and many did not. There would have been a much 
larger attendance at the reunion, had an announcement 
been made at the ceremonies or at their completion, in 
the capitol before unveiling. The history of the unveil- 
ing, together with the speeches, etc., has been ably 
written up in pamphlet and book form by Mr. P. H. 
Woodward and Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy, and 
everything pertaining to that event can be learned by 
perusing it. The book is entitled " Statue of Colonel 
Thomas Knowlton, Ceremonies at the Unveiling." It 
was printed by the Case, Lockwood and Brainard 
Company, 1895. 


Those members of the family who knew of the 
reunion accordingly assembled in the Hall of Repre- 
sentatives, in the Capitol, at Hartford, about 3:45 r. m., 
November 13, 1895, immediately after the statue had 
been unveiled in the Capitol grounds. Although many 
had already been obliged to leave Hartford before night 
set in for their distant homes, yet there was a goodly 
attendance of Knowltons from all over the United 
States and the Canadas present. 

On motion of Colonel Julius W, Knowlton, of 
Bridgeport, Ct, Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy, of 
Windsor, Ct., was called to the chair. 

Mr. William Herrick Griffith, of Albany, N. Y., 
was appointed Secretary, on motion of Colonel Marvin 
Knowlton, of Williamantic, Ct. 

The chairman made a brief statement of the object 
of the meeting, which was to consider the propriety of 
organizing a society or association of the Knowltons of 
America, and he called upon the Rev. Charles H. W- 
Stocking, D. D , to make a fuller statement for the 
information of all present. 

Dr. Stocking responded by saying, that although 
not a descendant of the Knowlton family, he had long 
been in intimate association with a branch of it, and that 
in looking up the early history of said branch he had 
collected a considerable amount of material for a 
Knowlton genealogy. The intended scope of the pro- 
posed history had been limited ar first to a portion onl\- 


of the American Knowltons, but the erection of the 
statue to Colonel Thomas Knowlton had excited such 
general interest that it was proposed to prepare and 
publish a complete historv of all the descendants of the 
orig-inal Captain William, whose widow and four sons, 
John, William, Thomas and Samuel, emigrated to 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1632. 

This work was now well in hand, and the great 
interest which it had excited through the country gener- 
ally would appear to justify the formation of a family 
organization whose object might properly be to foster a 
mutual interest and to stimulate a patriotic sentiment 
among the numerous and scattered members of this 
interesting American family, as well as to promote the 
work and circulation of the proposed history. 

Dr. Stocking believed that the Knowltons ought to 
know each other better. He had found them to be a 
people, as a rule, of unusually high social, business and 
professional standing, and conspicuous for those qualities 
that make for sound citizenship. In the Colonial and 
Revolutionary Wars, in the War of 181 2, Mexican and 
in the great Civil War they had made splendid records 
in defence of their country, and if that record is to be 
preserved the work must be done now. 

In reply to a question from Judge Samuel Utley, 
of Worcester, Mass., Dr. Stocking stated that the his- 
tory would include all of the Knowlton name, as well as 
those who had intermarried with Knowltons, and also 
those who had changed the Knowlton name by inter- 
marriage. Should the proposed history not be formally 
recognized and approved by an organized association 
the circulation of the proposed work would be confined 
to that branch of the family, one member of which had 


thus far met all the expense incurred. Dr. Stocking 
suearested the formation of the association with a small 
membership fee for promoting the objects already men- 
tioned, and he indicated his readiness to apply any sums 
that might be advanced from the treasury of such asso- 
ciation over and above necessary expenses for transpor- 
tion, search of records, stationery, printing and postage, 
toward the reduction of the cost of the historv when 
published ; that is to say, should he receive from the 
treasury above the aforementioned expenses the sum of 
$200 or more, then the price of the historv to members 
of the association would be reduced pro rata. 

Dr. Stocking was followed in his remarks by 
Mr. William Herrick Griffith, of Albany, who said that, 
after hearing of the patriotic record to which they had 
just listened of the great Revolutionary hero, he thought 
it would be a disgrace to the Knowlton name if it were 
not handed down in some permanent form to after 
generations. Mr. Griffith cited the patriotic examples 
of other American families who had formed similar 
associations with the happiest results. He thought that 
every Knowlton present would be willing to contribute 
annually at least S2 as a membership fee tor such an 
organization. Such an association would be the medium 
of assembling at stated intervals the members of a 
widely scattered family, of stimulating genealogical 
research and perfecting family records, and would result 
in a mutual benefit to all concerned. 

Mrs. Julia Knowlton Dyer, of Boston, in a stirring 
patriotic speech, declared that she was proud to be a 
Knowlton, and wanted to enroll her name at the head 
of the list of the members of the association should it 
be formed. 


Colonel Julius Knovvlton, of Bridgeport, moved 
that an association be formed, of which the officers 
should he a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treas- 
urer and Historian, which motion was unanimously 

Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy, of Windsor, Ct., was 
then elected Vice-President. 

On motion of Mr. Miner R. Knowlton, of Pough- 
keepsie, Mr. William Herrick Griffith was elected Sec- 
retary and Treasurer ; on whose motion also the 
Rev. Charles H. W. Stocking, D. D., was elected 

The membership fee was fixed at $2 yearly, and 
it was voted that the association hold annual reunions at 
such times and places as might be arranged by the officers 
acting as an executive committee. The officers were 
requested to prepare a Constitution and By-laws for 
the government of the association, to be presented 
for approval at the next annual meeting. Thirty persons 
enrolled themselves as charter members of the associa- 
tion, as follows : 


Mrs. Julia Knowlton Dyer, Dorchester, Mass. 

Mrs. Mary Knowlton Griffith, Albany, N. Y. 

William Herrick Griffith, Albany, N. Y. 

Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy, Windsor, Ct. 
Miner R. Knowlton, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

George H. Fitts, Ashford, Ct. 

Hon. Samuel Utley, Worcester, Mass. 

Mrs. Sydney W. Crofut, Danielson, Ct. 

Mrs. J. B. Van Schaick, Huntington, L. I. 
Thomas Anson Knowlton, Foster, P. Q., Canada. 

Mark D. Knowlton, Rochester, N. Y. 

Fred. Knowlton. Rochester, N. Y. 

George T. Chaffee, Rudand, Vt. 


Mrs. J. I-'. Chamberlin, 

Geort^e W. Knoulton, 

Daniel \V. Knowlton, 

Mrs. P. H. Knowlton Foote, 

Miss Fidelia Foote, 

James B. Knowlton, 

Col. Julins W. Knowlton, 

Harlan P. Knowlton, 

Mrs. George E. Mitchell, 

Wolcott Chaffee, 

Lucretia Chaliee, 

Jesse F. Knowlton. 

George D. Knowlton, 

Edwin F. Knowlton, 

Eben J. Knowlton, 

Mrs. Sybil A. Knowlton, 

George H. Knowlton, 

The meeting adjourned at 5:30 r 

call of the President. 

Stafford Springs, Ct 

West Upton, Mass. 

West Upton, Mass. 

Boston. Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Ludlow, Mass. 

Bridgeport, Ct. 

Hartford, Ct. 

Chelsea^ Mass. 

Garretsville, Ohio. 

Windham, Ohio. 

Peabody, Mass. 

Providence, R. I. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Brooklyn. N. Y. 

Albany, N. Y. 

Albany, N. Y. 

M., subject to the 



The officers of the Association met as an Executive 
Committee, at Springfield, Mass., February 25, 1896. 
All were present, and were entertained by the President 
at his club. 

The minutes of the first meeting at Hartford were 
read by the Secretary. 

A statement was then made by the Treasurer of the 
financies of the Association to date, showing the pro- 
gress of the general, work which had already extended 
far beyond its expected limits. There were found to be 
more Knowltons in the country than had been dreamed 
of and the expense therefore of communicating with 
them all had been much greater than was expected. 

Dr. Stocking made a general statement as Historian 
of the condition and prospects of his work, after which 
a Constitution and set of By-Laws was prepared to be 
submitted for adoption at the next reunion. 

The Officers and Board then decided to hold the 
next meetino and reunion of the Association in Boston, 
Mass., on 17th June, 1896 (Anniversary of the Battle of 
Bunker Hill), and appointed Mr. Griffith to make all 
necessary arrangements. 

On motion the meeting adjourned. 


The Second Reunion was held, as appointed, at 
Boston, Mass, 17 June, 1896 (Anniversary of the Battle 
of Bunker Hill). 

The family assembled at the Hotel Vendome. 
Commonwealth avenue, at 9 a. m, and tally-hos con- 
veyed as many as desired, to the Bunker Hill Monument 
and to witness the celebration at Cambridge. The 
morning was passed in visiting historic spots of great 
interest to the familv in and about Boston. 

From 3 to 4:30 p. m, a reception at the Vendome 
took place. The receiving party consisted of : Judge 
Marcus P. Knowlton of Springfield, Mass., Mrs. Mar)^ 
Louisa (Knowlton) Griffith of Albany, N. Y.. Dr. and 
Mrs. T. Knowlton Marcy of Windsor, Conn., Colonel 
and Mrs. Charles L. Dean of Maiden, Mass., and Rev- 
C. H. \V. Stocking, D. D., of East Orange, N. J., the 
Historian of the Knowlton family. 

Nearly 200 Knowltons were present and the occa- 
sion was greatly enjoyed. About 5 p. m. those present 
adjourned to another apartment and the Second Annual 
Business Meeting and election of officers was held. 

The meeting was called to order by the President, 
Hon. Marcus P. Knowlton. who stated that the first 
business of the meeting was to choose a secretary pro 
tem on account of the necessary absence of Mr. Griffith, 
the Secretary of the Association, who had met with an 
accident which made it impossible for him to be present, 
very much to his regret and to the regret of all members. 
Mr. Leslie D. Knowlton, of Boston, was unani- 
mously elected Secretary pro tem. 


Then followed the reading by Leslie D. Knowlton 
of the minutes of the last meeting, which report was 

The Secretary's report was then read as follows : 

Albany, N. Y., June, ij, i8g6. 

The Secretary begs to report that since the Hartford Reunion 
he has devoted a much larger proportion of his time to the work of 
the Association than he had expected would be necessary. It is 
probable that no member of the family had any adequate conception 
of the numerical strength of the family and of the consequent mag- 
nitude of the work. At least 2,000 persons have been corresponded 
with, some of them several times, of which number the Secretary 
regrets to say only 118 have become members of the Association, 
from which it would appear that while all are glad to gain informa- 
tion, but few care to share the financial burdens of the work, 
although exceedingly light. Had even one-quarter of the Secre- 
tary's correspondents joined the Association the treasury would 
have been easily able to meet all legitimate demands and to render 
material assistance to the Historian in his arduous and expensive 

It is but fair to say, however, that the announcement of a second 
reunion has greatly stimulated applications for membership, and 
the Secretary does not doubt but that large accessions will be made 
during the present year. 

He has been much gratified at the interest manifested in the 
Knowlton family as such and independently of the Association, and 
the publication of the history is looked forward to with unbounded 
interest. The correspondence indicates an unusual degree of intel- 
ligence, thrift, patriotic sentiment and loyal kinship among the 
members of the Knowlton family. 

At the request of the Executive Committee the Secretary visited 
Boston, and was ably seconded by the Attorney General of Massa- 
chusetts and others of the family in arranging the details of the 
Second Reunion. 

In conclusion, he desires to bear testimony to the zeal, energy 
and unsparing devotion with which the Historion has co-operated 
with him in promoting the interests of the Association. 




The Constitution and By-laws drawn up were then 
submitted to the Association for their action. (See 
page 8.) 

President Knowlton : The next l)usiness is to deter- 
mine what action shall be taken in regard to the Consti- 
tution and By-laws which have been presented, and to 
the Board of Officers, in accordance with the vote taken 
at the original meeting. 

Dr. Stocking: I move that the Constitution as read 
be adopted as a whole. 

Motion seconded. 

Voice : Which I suppose is to include the By-laws. 

President : The motion then is for the adoption of 
the Constitution alone. 

Voice: I noticed there was mentioned " Five offi- 
cers and an executive committee of five ; " is it the 
intention that the five officers will be the executive 
committee ? 

President : As I understand it calls for the same five 
officers as have been before and an executive committee 
of five. 

It was then unanimously voted to adopt the Con- 

President Knowlton asked for further action. 

Voice : I will request the reading of the first by-law. 

The Secretary pro tem read " The membership dues 
of the Association shall be $2 per annum." 

Dr. Stocking: I will request, your honor, the read- 
ing of this by-law over again, for the purpose of making 
a statement. 

The Secretary re-read the first by-law. 

Dr. Stocking : The constant intercourse which has 
been necessitated by my part of the work with the Sec- 


retary of vour Knowlton Association, has made me 
familiar witii all the details of the work of the Secretary 
and the Treasurer. He has already expressed very clearly 
the imperative necessity of meeting^ the enlarged finan- 
cial demands of the work, and inasmuch as the issue of 
one circular alone among 2,000 Knowltons costs $40 for 
postage, stationery and printing, and as the services of 
the Secretary are given gratuitously, it goes without say- 
ing that some provision ought to be made, perhaps, 
either by the change in this by-law, or if this by-law be 
adopted, then by some other expedient by which the 
Secretary shall not be embarrassed by the growing 
expense. If it is asked that this by-law shall stand as it 
is, and I see no objection to it, subsequent action might 
be taken to meet any deficiency that might arise. 

President Knowlton : Is any motion made by any 
member of the Association? 

Mrs. Julia Knowlton Dyer moved the adoption of 
the first by-law. 

President Knowlton: It is moved and seconded 
that the first by-law be adopted. 

Mrs. Dyer then spoke as follows : Scattered all over 
the country are a great many Knowltons to whom $2 
looks sufficient to belong to an association that meets 
but once a year. It seems to me that in the beginning, 
at least, we should be very moderate ; that by and by 
when this Association has become famous, and we all 
expect it will, then there will be a rush to be members, 
and then they can bear the increase of the annual dues, 
but at present $2 looks to me as large as we ought to 
place it. 

President Knowlton : Is there anything further to 
be said on this motion? The motion before us is to 

adopt the firsl l)\-la\v. Are you ready for the question ? 


The by-law was adopted unanimously. 

Then followed the reading of the second by-law. 

The second by-law was unanimously adopted. 

President Knowlton then spoke of the report of the 
Treasurer, which he said stated particularly, item by item, 
with date of the receipts and expenditures, the expendi- 
tures consisting of a large number of items, mainly for 
printing and postage. He did not think they would 
care to have it read. The items of expenditures con- 
sisted of items connected with matters pertaining to the 
Association, two items amounting in the aggregate to 
$93, paid to Dr. Stocking, the Historian. The report 
shows payments aggregating $316. 

The Treasurer's report was accepted unanimously. 

The following officers were then elected unani- 
mously : 


New Bedford, Mass. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Albany, N. Y. 


East Orange. N. J. 


MINER R. KNOWLTON, Poughkeepsie. N. Y. 

Colonel JULIUS W KNOWLTON, Brideeport, Ct. 

GEORGE H. FI TTS, Ashford, Ct. 

GEORGE W. KNOWLTON, Boston, Mass. 

FREDERICK J. G. KNOWLTON, St. John, New Brunswick 

Colonel Julius W. Knowlton stated that he wished 
to make a motion that we extend to Wm. H. Griffith a 
vote of thanks for his labors since our last meetino^, and 
we also extend to him our sympathy. 

Dr. Stocking : I move to amend that motion as 
follows : That the members of the Knowlton Association 
send a telegram to Mr. Wm. H. Griffith expressing their 
regret that he is not present with us, their sympathy in 
his affliction, which we hope will be a temporary one, and 
our hearty wishes that he will be w^ith us at our next 
aunual meetmg. 

The motion, as amended, was carried unanimously. 

President Knowlton : I will request the Rev. Dr. 
Stocking to send the telegram in the name of the 

Dr. Stocking: If the Association will not think me 
appropriating too much of their time, and they will not 
consider me intrusive, I will make a little plea for the 
Secretary. He has given a great deal of time to this 
work, and has given it gratuitously, and proposes to 
spend a great deal of time the rest of his life in pro- 
moting the objects and interests of this Association. It 
is estimated that there are about 13,000 living and 
deceased Knowltons in America. One can have some 
idea of the work of the Secretary from this statement of 
the amount of labor he is called upon to do and of the 
probable expense in preparing a circular, one or more 
during the year, and giving notices to all the mem- 
bers of the Knowlton name in America, not simply to 
the Association, and in this way keeping them in touch 
with each other, and stimulating their interests in the 
Knowlton family and the Knowlton cause, which results 
in accession of members to the Association, and is 
therefore worth more than it costs. 


Maii\ (»f \(>u were j)resenl at the unveiling; of 
the statue of Colonel Thomas Knowlton, a statue which 
is intended to he more or less a memorial of the 
brav'^e deeds of that Revolutionary hero, hut the finders 
of time are ooincr to he verv husv with that statue, 
althouij^h of bronze, and the time will come when 
although not destroyed it will at least be defaced. A 
history is perpetual possession not simply of one hut 
many ^generations, of o;cnerations unborn, and therefore 
this question of history is one, it seems to me, in which 
all other questions are substantially merg^ed, and as all 
other preparations independent of these social reunions 
and the cultivation and fostering of a spirit of kinship, 
all other questions and all other works properly lead up 
to that one work, history. It is proper, if you will 
indulge me very briefly, that 1 state something of that 
history. I began supposing that I was not a Knowlton, 
that I had nothing to do with the Knowltons but inti- 
macy. About three wrecks ago I discovered that Lydia 
Stocking, our ancestress, married one, Griffith of the 
family of our Secretary of this Association, and that 
another family intermarried with the Griffiths and the 
Stockings, so that after all I find there has been, as you 
will probably think, a very small tributary found to 
empty into the main stream of the Knowlton life. I 
trust the stream will not be polluted thereby. 

I am, therefore, that much devoted to the purpose 
of this historical work as if I were a born Knowlton, 
and therefore I have, for the past year, given almost all 
my time exclusively to this work and to no other. I 
have tabulated 8,000 names in America and Canada, and 
there will be more coming in a very short space of time, 
but it has been felt by many members of the Knowlton 

Association that if there are any honors to which 
this family is entitled they should wear those honors ; if 
there is a coat of arms, or a coat without arms that any 
Knowlton desires to wear, and which his ancestor hon- 
orably wore, it is legitimately proper of the Knowlton 
name, and without qualifying their intense Americanism, 
which all the Knovvltons of America deeply feel and are 
imbued with, there is a considerable and growing number 
of Knowltons who are desirous to know from whence 
came Captain William and his four Devonshire sons, 
and his wife. I have found from whom they came, and 
have carried the line back to the year 1520, and the line 
has never before been carried back by a living person, 
and it is mentioned now not because your historian has 
done it, but because some one has been found who will 
give time and effort to that work which you are to hand 
down to your children' and to generations yet unborn, 
as the most honorable legacy which history has com- 
mitted to their keeping. To that end I am proposing 
to go to England and spend my entire vacation, not less 
than two months, in the search for the records ante- 
cedent to 1632. I have twenty-five names and twenty- 
five places supplying abundance of data for that work, 
in order that I may bring into intelligent, coherent, 
historic line those facts, persons, events and records 
which are now entirely disconnected, and when I tell 
you this is going to be done intelligently and promptly 
and has never been attempted by a living person I can- 
not think any of you will not applaud the design. 

I was told, after I had been in this work for a short 
time, that when I ventured up into Canada that my time 
and efforts would be in vain, for there was no one there 
worth looking after. (Laughter.) We have enough 

with us to justify the minutes I have spent in that 
Canadian work (applause), and when I tell you I went 
up into Canada almost with a protest, with the ther- 
mometer twenty-five deo;rees below zero, with only one 
name to work with, and I found a Member of Parlia- 
ment, a Member of the Privy Council, two Judges of the 
Supreme Court, merchants, doctors of divinity, and four 
hundred others equally valuable, and when I tell you 
that three w^eeks ago I crowned the list by the grandson 
of a Knowlton who went from Massachusetts and who 
bred her children so well that her grandson is at this 
moment the Prime Minister of Canada, Sir Charles 
Tupper (great applause), it looks as though I was not 
engaged in a wild goose chase. I have as much data to 
work with in England as I had in Canada, and I am 
coming back to tell you about an expensive and beauti- 
ful park named for the family, Knowlton Park ; about 
an antiquarian, born in 1691, who attained such rank in 
scientific circles that he was made a Fellow of the 
Royal Society. 

(Dr. Stocking here spoke of a plant down on the Cape of Good 
Hope, Knowltoniana, named after the antiquarian). 

You have been looking to-day upon the face of an 
ancestor who died hundreds of years ago, and upon the 
face of a woman of England, and they have been 
brought here by persistent faith in that enterprise for 
you to view to-day. I am going to England, please God, 
if my life be spared, and I am going to do that work, 
but this historical work is expensive. It means the pay- 
ment of personal expenses, traveling, railways, hotels, 
steamers, everything of the kind. It implies constant 
expense, printing, stationery, postage, that do not appear 
upon the records of the Secretary. Up to the present 

time I have not received one dollar for the history from 
any source whatever, but the few of the Knowlton 
family who believe in pushing up the stream to see what 
lies behind, who believe that the things of this country 
are a growth and not an accident, who believe that 
Napoleon, Washington and Lincoln, and Colonel 
Thomas Knowlton wdio fought down yonder, are not 
accidents, and I want to ask these good people here if 
they do not think that is a record which ought to be fol- 
lowed up? Don't you want to know who those men 
and women were that left their stamp upon English 
history, and if there is a coat of arms don't you want 
that coat of arms, that you may point to it and ask your 
children to follow the examples set them by those who 
earned those honors ? Do the members of this Associa- 
tion know, they most of them do know, that in the 
Mosaic country the Jew who could not trace his 
ancestry back to Abraham and through the special tribe 
from which he was derived, was ruled out of the 
synagogue. I have, therefore, no sympathy with those 
Knowltons who say " all I want to know is who my 
father or my mother was." 

When this work is completed, and please God it 
will be next year some time, it will be worth more to 
you and to your grandchildren than can be expressed in 
dollars and cents ; not because I have done that work, 
but because somebody has been found to do it and do it 
so that it shall he authentic, and you shall hand it down 
as a family treasure to those who come after you. The 
number of copies will determine the price of the volume. 
When the manuscript is in the hands of the publisher 
he will give me an estimate for different numbers of 
copies, and I will then send out a circular to every 

member of the Knowiton family in Canada and the 
United States telling them what is the price of the 
costlier and more elegantly bound volume and the cost 
of a volume not so elegantly bound, and I pledge you 
my word I am going to put the price down so that 
they will be possessed by every member of the family, 
and I shall be pleased if I receive ordinary mechanics 
wages. I beg to say one thing more, the history cannot 
sustain the expenses of the English work ; all that it 
can bear in this costly way will be the history of the 
Canadian and United States Knowltons. Some of the 
Knowltons are preparing in private and sending to me 
voluntary contributions which are not going to be solici- 
ted ; they are sending to me individual subscriptions to 
a special fund to enable me to go and obtain this 
English material. Perhaps I shall not take the breath 
out of your bodies and nostrils if I tell you that the 
expense of that two months work I have estimated to 
be the extraordinarily modest sum of about $450, and I 
do not believe any man is likely to be found to under- 
take a similar work on that figure. I have $265 towards 
the fund. If what I have said appeals to any of you I 
shall be very glad before you disperse to-night to receive 
voluntary contributions toward that end. If the $450 
is made up I shall go to England ; if it is not made I 
shall borrow^ it and pay it when I can. 

On motion all present adjourned to the Banquet 

About 7 p. M. the members of the Association sat 
down to the Banquet. The Menu was as follows : 



Little Neck Clams. 

Consomme, Imperatrice, 
Cream of Chicken, a la Reine. 

Fresh Penobscot Salmon, Hollandaise. 
Sliced Cucumbers. Parisiene Potatoes. 

Sweetbread Cutlets, Florentine. 

Frogs Legs, Tartar Sauce. 

Fillet of Beef, Richellieu. 

Roast Turkey, Sage Dressing. 
Green Peas. Potatoes, Chateau. 

Pineapple Sherbet. 

Charlotte Russe. Moscovite Jelly. 

Assorted Cakes. Harlequin Ice Cream. 

Fancy Water Ices. 

Fruit. Crackers. Cheese. Olives. 


After some time had passed in partaking of the 
banq'ict the President of the Association, Hon. Marcus 
P. Knowlton, arose and made the following opening 
remarks : 

Ladies and Gentlemen : We have come from the East, West, 
from near and from far, to greet one another as kindred, to com- 
memorate the virtues and deeds of our ancestors, and to renew our 
interests in the family to which we all belong. It is fitting that this 
meeting is in Boston, so near the place where our first American 
progenitors by their honest industry and unflagging energy laid the 
foundation for that character for integrity and moral worth which 
they have given to us as an inheritance. It is fitting that we have 
assembled in this grand and beautiful hotel on the avenue which 
many consider the finest in the world, which within the last fifty 
years has grown up from end to end out of the sea, crowding back 
the ebbing and flowing tide, a monument to the enterprise of our 
people. It is peculiarly fitting that our meeting occurs on the anni- 
versary of the first important battle which our forefathers fought for 
their liberty, a battle in which our ancestors by the name of Knowl- 
ton bore an honorable part. 

Whichever way we turn from this point of observation we see 
that for more than 250 years men and women of the name of 
Knowlton have been doing the world's work in every field and 
doing it well. 

There are eloquent gentlemen present who will tell us of all 
these things, and I ought not to detain you by any extended 
remarks as you are waiting to hear them. Naturally the thoughts 
of those who have stood to-day in the shadow of the monument ot 
Bunker Hill turn first to the memorable struggle which that monu- 
ment commemorates. After the end of the war our forefathers who 
had fought for their liberties quickly returned to peaceful pursuits, 
and we have here to-night a gentlemen who is engaged in the peace- 
ful and important business of a manufacturer, who can tell us the 
story of the battle as he has heard it from his ancestors. Our first 
toast tonight is "The Battle of Bunker Hill and the day we 




" They fought for peace, for peace they fell; 
They sleep in peace and all is well." — F. Miller. 

Responded to by Mr. James B. Knowlton, of Ludlow, 
Mass., as follows : 

Mr. President, relatives and descendants of the Knowlton 
brothers, who bravely crossed the seas and landed at Ipswich in 

It is with pleasure that I respond to the toast "The Battle ol 
Bunker Hill and the day we Celebrate." 

The famous battle upon " Breed's Hill " was described 3t our 
first meeting-. I will simply ask you to roll back the tide of 121 
years, go with us to Faneuil Hall, "The Cradle ot Liberty," climb 
to its bell tower and look out in your mind's eye upon the town of 
Boston on that hot 17th of June, 1775. Look! seethe English fleet 
in the harbor shelling a wood pile on yonder hill ; see the Americans 
digging like woodchucks amid the shot and shell. The English are 
landing troops; their bayonets gleaming in the midday sun as they 
climb the hill to complete their oppression by death; all is still 
behind that rail fence; why don't they fire? Now their smoke 
mingles with the hot air fi-om burning Charlestown. See the Red 
Coats fall — the English retreat and again face the old "flintlocks," 
only to receive the same well aimed bullets and to find the Ameri- 
cans no cowards — more of the flower of the English army left dead 
upon the battle field. Look! Clinton's forces have joined the dis- 
couraged retreaters; 3,000 well armed soldiers against 1,500 poorly 
equipped men, full of courage and determination. Ah! they make 
a third charge. Oh! why so little smoke from the trenches? 
their powder gone; they retreat, but do so nobly fighting, u?ing 
their muskets like clubs. Let us change our gaze to the noisy 
street below; see the lean " Red Coats " in all their pomp. Behold 
those frightened Tories searching for a place to hide. Hurrah ! 
here comes the true American clothed in homespun with musket 
and powder horn, serious and determined, ready to die for freedom. 
My friends, where are your sympathies? With the English or 
Tories, or the much oppressed Americans? If there is one drop ol 
Knowlton blood in your veins that drop is tingling through your 
body in response to the noblest feelings that can animate the human 


breast. Methinks I hear your answer, " Give me Liberty or give 
me Death," and under the broad canopy of the Stars and Stripes 
shall ever remain a " Land of the free and home of the Brave." 

It is most appropriate that we celebrate this day in orood old 
Boston, and as we gather around this festive board, may we feel that 
we are one family of truly American ancestry, reunited after two and 
one-half centuries. If history should repeat itself, may we as 
descendants of brave men, be ever ready to grasp the oppressor as 
our great-grandfathers clutched the old "flintlocks" and marched 
to Lexington at the alarm call, inspired only by patriotism. Let us 
at this time renew our devotion to the Knowlton traditions, ever 
remembering " Honor is dear." 

Now, my friends, by the mystic waters of old Boston may we 
by patriotism, sound common sense, honor and love, ever be 
worthy to be called the descendants of the Knoulton brothers of 

President Knowllon : From the earliest times the 
people of Massachusets have felt great pride and satis- 
faction in living under a system of government, and a 
bodv of laws, adapted to the protection of liberty and of 
our people. In the selection of our public officers we 
are charged with the interests of protecting the people 
against wrongdoers and in advising and assisting in the 
administration of the o-overnment and the execution of 
the laws. We have endeavored to be wise and discreet. 
The present Attorney-General of the Commonwealth 
has honorably maintained the high standard of official 
conduct established by his most illustrious predecessors 
(cries of hear! hear!), he is a member of our family 
and an honor to our name. Our next toast is '' The 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts." 



"A land of settled government, 
A land of just and old renown," — Tennyson, 

Responded to by Hon. Hosea M. Knovvlton, 
Attorney-General of Massachusetts, as follows: 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : I did not think I would 
stay because one who has taken the name of Knowlton by marrying 
me has called me hence, but the company was so good looking that 
I changed my mind and have stayed. I am very glad to be here, 
very glad to see that there are so many good-looking Knowltons of 
both sexes who can come together at a dinner of this kind. It was 
my fortune — being the son of a minister, my venerable father's name 
being Isaac Knowlton — it was my fortune to have lived in boyhood 
in three different cities and in a good many different towns, and I 
always noticed that our family was the only family of the name of 
Knowlton anywhere in town. It was not pleasant. I sometimes 
had — as very likely many have had to do — I have sometimes had 
to spell the name out so that postmasters and postmasters' lady 
clerks would know that we were not in the N's but in the K's. 
(Laughter and applause.) 

I understand, and perhaps I ought to say here, that you have 
taken advantage of my absence to elect me president of this Asso- 
ciation. If that is so, I beg to return my thanks for that honor. 
(Applause.) I esteem it a high honor not only to be president of 
the Knowlton Association, but consider it a high honor to be presi- 
dent of something that embraces the entire continent of America and 
Canada as well as Massachusetts. 

At first sight it might seem that the formation of associations 
like this, which have become somewhat common in recent years, 
was a violation of the spirit of the Constitution of the Common- 
wealth which I am sworn to explain to the President and his asso- 
ciates upon the bench. When our ancestors — who, by the way, 
are the ancestors of a great many people throughout the length and 
breadth of this land (although we don' there in the East now cut the 
figure in politics and in National conventions which we ought to, 
unless later news changes my views) a good many of our blood 
have gone and built up New England communities all through the 
land — among the principles that our ancestors thought it necessary 


to incorporate into the Declaration of Rij^hts — that memorable 
document which settled the policy of this Commonwealth forever, 
was a proposition to the effect that hereafter in this Commonwealth 
hereditary title should be unknown. They declared — and it is the 
sixth article of that Declaration of Rig^hts, and has been copied by 
many other States — that no man, or association of men, has any 
right to obtain distinction other than that which arises in considera- 
tion of services rendered to the whole body, and that title being in 
its nature not capabe of descending to one's children, or relations, 
or heirs. The idea of a man building up — I depart from the origi- 
nal a little to make it more modern — the idea of a man establishing 
a reputation by heredity is absurd and unnatural. They brought 
over here a deep feeling of revolution against the system prevailing 
in the mother country by which a man was great, and is to-day — 
not to such an extent as it was then — by which a man was great 
because his ancestors were great, and I am glad to say that the 
Commonwealth has improved and prospered upon that principle. 
In this State, and in other States of the Union as well, a man 
receives what he deserves, and not what he may have deserved from 
his father. But like many other good principles in action they 
went somewhat to excess, like the aversion to the display and pomp 
in religious worship which they also inculcated in the communities 
that settled in this State, so far as I have read; it was many years 
before music was introduced in the worship of God in our Protestant 
churches. Coming so far away from the pomp, and display, and 
forms and emptiness of the religion in the old country they went to 
the other extreme, and so, perhaps, a good many of our fathers 
and grandfathers have confused the proper distinctions between 
one's own respect for their ancestors and any claim to be respected 
themselves aside from their ancestors. Those two propositions, if 
differentiated properly, show that this Association has a right to 
exist. Any man who claims respect and honor, or claims the right 
to be elected to office, or to be preferred, on account of his ancestry, 
violates the principles on which this country was established, and 
upon which long may it stand. But that is far different from the 
proper feeling of pride and self-respect which one may entertain by 
reason of an honorable ancestry behind him. Nobody has a right 
to be elected to office because Colonel Thomas Knowlton was a 
worthy Revolutionary soldier, but we all have a right to be proud 
that we bear a name that was so high in the annals of the Revolu- 

tion, and if that principle be once understood it will help not only 
to our self-respect, but lead us, perhaps, to imitate the virtues of 
those who went before us. And it is a little surprising, Mr. President, 
to find how many pretty good Knowltons there are. I am very 
glad that the rest of the people who sometimes have not known 
how to spell the name will learn that it is yet an honorable one. I 
found it out a good while ago. I remember twenty years ago I was 
sent to the State Senate from my own town. As I say, there were 
no other Knowltons in Southern Massachusetts, and I do not think 
there any now excepting my children, and I am doing my share to 
perpetuate the name; but I found when I got to the legislature that 
there were other Knowltons in the State, the venerable William 
Knowlton was my colleague, and also in the House there was a more 
obscure, but lower branch, a very observing man who has become 
Judge of the Supreme Judicial Court, and is now your president. 
(Applause.) Between us, Judge, the fortunes of the noble family 
began and kept right on. (Great applause and laughter.) We 
stayed by each other as we should. Perhaps that is enough for me 
to say now in behalf, so far as I can see, of the Commonwealth ot 
Massachusetts. To those of you who are strangers within our 
gates I beg to extend a most cordial and hearty welcome. Don't 
hurry away. We are on historic ground. You cannot take a walk 
in the suburbs without stumbling over something that has something 
to do with the Revolution and the history of the world. Stay here 
to morrow. Commonwealth avenue is only the beginning of a 
system of parks. Come up to the State House. Let me intro- 
duce you to a governor who has in his veins the blood of two 
governors, one of Connecticut as well as Massachusetts. Go down 
to the Court House; see there the Supreme Judicial Court which, 
I may say here in this presence without fear of being contradicted, 
is, next perhaps to the Supreme Court of the United States, the 
most honored and illustrious court in the United States, and of 
whom your president is one of the most honored members. 
(Applause.) I don't always agree with him, but he tries to do 
right. (Applause.) Go down to Faneuil Hall and see that price- 
less relic filled with associations of great deeds. Come up and see 
our Bulfinch front and see if you don't think it is worth preserving. 
Enjoy yourself while here and let the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts entertain you as its guests. (Applause.) 

President Knowlton : Wherever civilization exists 
the magistrate and the soldier are held in high honor as 
representatives of the justice and the power of the State. 
We have with us to-night a member of the Judiciary of 
Massachusetts, who with the impartiality of the Court 
over which he presides, is held in the highest esteem of 
the community. He has also the distinguished honor 
of being a lineal descendant of the Revolutionary hero 
whom we are all proud to number among the members 
of our family. I give you as his toast " Colonel Thomas 
Knowlton of Connecticut," and I ask the Hon. Samuel 
Utley of Worcester, Massachusetts, to respond. 

"Colonel THOMAS KNOWLTON, of Connecticut." 

"And though the warrior's sun has set, 
Its light shall linger mund us yet — 
Bright, radiant, blest." — DeMonrique. 

Responded to by Hon. Samuel Utley, Worcester, 


Blackstone computed that we should have about five hundred 
millions of relatives within fifteen degrees, and I am glad to meet 
so many of one of the families in that large connection. 

The story of Colonel Knowlton' s life has been well told in 
the address of Mr. Woodward, and the battle of Bunker Hill, where 
his principal services were rendered, belongs to another speaker. 

It therefore seems best, in the brief remarks that I shall make, 
to confine myself to a general view of him and his career. He 
entered the French and Indian war at an early age, and was in four 
campaigns before he was twenty. This war was said by Fisher 
Ames to be a place where heroes were not celebrated but made, 
and was the school for many who appeared in the Revolution. He 
was married at eighteen years of age, his wife being fifteen years of 
age. They had nine children, two of whom died in infancy. Only 
four of his children had children. I think he has had about 200 
descendants, though there are none of the family name. After the 
evacuation of Boston he paid his family a visit on his way to New 
York, and my grandmother used to tell us of the mother and 


children around her, standing by the door and watching him out of 
sight as he left home for the last time. 

John Adams thought no ancestry nobler than one hundred and 
sixty years of sturdy New England yeomanry, while we rejoice in 
two hundred and sixty-four years of ancestors who have done well 
their part wherever fortune has called. 

Morse says that whatever blood mingles with that of the Adams' 
had to take its color as well as its course, and in this family one 
finds much the same condition, though the Colonel does seem 
rather warlike with the blood of many deacons in his veins. 

One is reminded of Cromwell's Ironsides, whose shouts of joy 
at meeting the enemy gave delight to the stern soul of Turrenne. 

Trumbull painted two pictures of the battle of Bunker Hill. 
The small one, engravings of which are common, is owned by 
Yale. The large one 6x9 feet is in the Wadsworth Museum in 
Hartford, and was painted later. Trumbull was Aide to Washing- 
ton; saw the battle from Roxbury; must have known Colonel 
Knowlton well, and by family traditions messed with him. Many 
members of the family bear striking resemblance to the picture and 
we think it safe to call it a likeness of him. 

It is said that one of his young daughters, when riding horse- 
back met a gentleman who inquired if she were the daughter of 
Colonel Knowlton, remarking that she looked like him, and on her 
return she related the incident in great wrath, saying "it was that 
damned Knowlton nose." 

The picture represents him as wearing a striped waistcoat, and 
in his inventory a "streaked jacket" appears, which of course may 
be a mere co-incidence. 

The inventory amounts to ^764. What the relative value of 
money was it would be difficult to tell in what is called the witches 
dance of paper money then prevailing. He left notes against 
twenty-six persons. From his parents he inherited about ^10 1. 
His clothing was valued at ^30, including four military suits and 
some equipments, the other personal property was of small value. 
He had three military books, a gamut, which I suppose was a 
musical book, an arithmetic, four small histories, some bibles and 
other books, amounting to 18 shillings 4 pence. 

One would like to know what the military books were, and we 
are reminded of Myles Standish, who, according to Longfellow, 
kept his Bible with his " Artillery Practice " and " Caesar," though 


he used it chiefly f )r its accounts of Hebrew warfare, and after some 
hesitation he passed it by, and took down the Roman Captain, to 
learn how to marshal his army of twelve. 

His account book has been given, by Dr. Marcy, to the Con- 
necticut Historical Society. In it he spells his name " Knolton," 
without any W. In some old records it is spelled " Nolton." 

The silk sash given him in Boston was bought by Colonel Gros- 
venor, who was in his regiment, and is now owned by Mrs. Alex- 
ander, in Philadelphia. It is said that he had it on when he was 
killed, and that it is stained with his blood. The plain chest that 
contained his military belongings I have. His gun, which was bent 
by a ball at Bunker Hill, was taken to be straightened, and lost. 
Tastes differ, and I should be glad to get it with the bend still in it. 

In his entire career he commanded the respect and confidence 
of all who met him, the plain men of Ashford at their own firesides 
or in the typical town meeting; the soldiers with whom he stood 
shoulder to shoulder; his brother ofihcers; the great chieftain, all 
unite in bestowing upon him the highest praise. The estimation oi 
Trumbull is shown in the conspicuous position given in his pictures, 
the first of which was painted in 1786, and soon engraved and made 
familiar to all. I have asked many people to point out the most 
conspicuous person in it, and all have designated the colonel. 
General Reed, General Dearborn, General Putnam, Colonel Gros- 
venor, Captain Trafton, Captain Brown, in fact all known authorities 
unite in commending him. 

Whatever may be said of Aaron Burr he was singularly gifted 
in a keen insight of men, and he frequently made known his high 
opinion of Colonel Knowlton, based on personal acquaintance. 

In October, 1885, at the Jumel mansion in New York, I met 
Mr. Chase, who had studied law with Burr, married his wife's neice 
and long been on terms of intimacy with him, who told me that 
Burr often spoke of Colonel Knowlton in high terms, saying that it 
would have been better if he had had the command at Bunker Hill, 
and making other similar suggestions. It is a family tradition, that 
after he was shot Washington came to his side to give expression to 
his regard for and sympathy with the dying man, and then he was 
borne to headquarters where in a short time he died. Frederick 
Knowlton, eldest son of the colonel, enlisted at fourteen years and 
five months and desired to go with the troops to Bunker Hill, but 
his father took away his gun, which was a good one, and gave it to 


another man and sent the boy away, but later he was found at the 
end of the Hne with a young son of Putnam with some discarded 
muskets, where the boys hoped to escape notice in the darkness, 
this time their dismissal was final. Frederick was with his father in 
New York, was in the b ittle of Harlem Heights, went to his father 
after he was shot, and was told by him to go back to the fight as he 
could do no good there. 

It is sometimes said that Anna, his wife, thought that he should 
stay at home and care for his family and the important civil office 
that he held. On the facts that she had I think she was right. He 
had given no proof of such capacity as to call the head of such a 
family away from home and the public duties he then had, and he 
took the only child old enough to be of use and left the mother with babes. Surely his paternal duties were heavy. It was no 
light task for this young woman of thirty-three years to take that 
family of eight, of whom one was yet to be, and in her desolate 
home begin the long widowhood of thirty-two years. She accepted 
it bravely and without a murmur, and above her are words which 
accord well with her life, "Remember God did us part, accept it 
with a willing heart," Some of her views seemed to have occurred 
to Washington, for he sent Frederick home. I like to think of 
that chieftain, whom we are apt to regard as over austere, who, in 
all the anxiety of a losing campaign, when he felt the great strate- 
gical point of the city of New York slipping from his grasp, could yet 
find time to consider the sorrows of this sorely stricken family and 
send the boy back to his mother. 

On November 25, 1893, the Sons of the Revolution in New 
York erected a statue of Nathan Hale in City Hall Park and marked 
Revolutionary sites with tablets, among them one at One Hundred 
and Forty-third street and Seventh avenue, as the place where 
Colonel Knowlton and Major Leitch were buried. 

Let us not forget that after majority Colonel Knowlton's mili- 
tary career was almost wholly confined within fifteen months. Take 
any officer in the army and see what of the things for which he is 
now held in honor were done before the night of September 16, 1776, 
Had the war then ended, what would have been their record? By 
his early death he lost the opportunity for future usefulness, and he 
lost the renown that attends upon the old age of a well spent life. 
Had he lived to as great age as did some of the officers, to as great 
age as did some of his children, he might have heard Webster at 


the laying of the corner stone of Bunker Hill monument and then 
had several years yet to live. 

The ordinary accounts of the battle of Bunker Hill may be 
stated in three propositions: First, the Americans were in a trap; 
second, Captain Knowlton g^ot them out of it; third, therefore 
great credit is due to the commander of the expedition, if we could 
only find out who he was. 

We respectfully suggest that Captain Knowlton should receive 
the credit for whatever he did. Events point to a more just appre- 
ciation of his services. Quite often a subordinate officer shows the 
keenest appreciation of the situation. About twenty years before 
Bunker Hill, Colonel Washington at Braddock's defeat; about 
twenty years after Bunker Hill, Captain Bonaparte at the seige of 
Toulon, are well known historical illustrations of this fact. In the 
Revolution itself. Captain Douglass suggested to Rodney a novel 
plan which destroyed the French navy and placed sea warfare on an 
entirely new foundation. It may be interesting to notice that in the 
first great battle of the Revolution Captain Knowlton for the Ameri- 
cans, in the last great battle of the Revolution Captain Douglass for 
the British, by their rare skill largely determined the result. 

Colonel Knowlton was a soldier at sixteen, was in several cam- 
paigns at Lake George and Ticonderoga. He saw the French flag 
finally furled at Montreal and was at the taking of Havana from the 
Spanish. He led the first troops that entered Massachusetts. He 
opposed the occupation of Bunker Hill, for reasons now universally 
accepted. He devised the novel rail fence which successfully 
resisted all assaults, saved the Americans from being outflanked and 
captured, and was the first place where successful resistance was 
made. He so supplied his troops that they alone had abundant 
ammunition and were able to cover the retreat. At Harlem Heights 
he restored the waning confidence of the American army, gave the 
British their first defeat in the open field, and died the soldier's 
death under the eye of and with high praise from Washington 

President Knowlton : It is a cause of great regret 
to all of us, and it is a serious misfortune that our Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, who, with great expenditure of 
time and thought, made all the preliminary arrangements 
for this meeting, was unable to be present with us 

to-night, for whatever success has attended the meeting, 
and for such enjoyment as you have found in it, we are 
indebted to him. His presence would, doubtless, have 
prevented some defects and deficiencies which you have 
discovered, and would have contributed largely to our 
enjoyment. As he is unable to respond in person to 
the toast " Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton, of Connecticut," 
he has kindly furnished us a response in writing. It 
will be read by Mr. Miner R. Knowlton, of Pough- 
keepsie, and Mr. Knowlton will kindly add a contribu- 
tion of his own. 


AND His Military Descendants." 

" To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die." 

Paper prepared by William Herrick Griffith of 
Albany, N. Y. Read by Miner Rockwelk Knowlton, 
Esq., of Poughkeepsie, N. Y.* 

It was with great hesitation that I consented to respond to the 
sentiments of this toast, considering that an older descendant could 
more fittingly speak of one for whom I have always cherished the 
greatest veneration; whose name has ever been so hallowed in my 
memory that any poor tribute of mine would seem to fall far short 
of the measure of his worth. I believe there was never truer senti- 
ment uttered than that of Sir Edmund Burke, who said that "those 
who do not treasure up the memory of their ancestors, do not them- 

*The response to the toast " Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton and his Military 
Descendants " was assigned to his great-great-grandson Mr. William Herrick Griffith, 
of Albany, who requested Mr. Miner Rockwell Knowlton, of Poughkeepsie, a great- 
grandson of Lieutenant Daniel, to prepare and read special sketches of two of the 
descendants, Captain Miner Knowlton and General Nathaniel Lyon. 

Owing to severe illness, Mr. Griffith was unable to be present at the banquet, 
and in accordance with his desire, Mr. Miner R. Knowlton also read the paper 
which Mr. Griffith had prepared. 

As there were many toasts to be responded to and the papers were long (they 
are here published in full), it was thought best not to read them entire; so that 
much of Mr. Griffith's carefully prepared paper and Mr. Knowlton's article on Captain 
Miner Knowlton and all of the article on General Lyon, whose record is so well 
known and comparatively recent, were omitted; only a few remarks on General 


selves deserve to be remembered by posterity." We owe it 
to those who have gone before us, I think, to show respect to their 
struggles and achievements and to give new inspiration to those of 
the present who are standing in the radiance which their patriotism, 
fidelity and industry kindled for us. 

As I have studied the splendid record and read of the sufferings 
and victories of this staunch old Connecticut warrior, who never 
knew what fear was, I cannot help realizing what it meant to follow 
the profession of arms in Lieutenant Knowlton's day. Those men 
in good old Connecticut in those days took up arms for principle, 
notpay; they shed their life blood and submitted to the torture 
of their bodies by Indian arrows and British bayonets, in defence 
of their convictions, to preserve their firesides and found a nation, 
not for personal gain, or the achievement of military rank or fame. 
They were not "the gold lace" soldiers of the Continental Line, 
but the bone and sinew of the army which achieved American 

Such an one was Knowlton, who not only gave to his country 
the efforts and enthusiasm of his life, but bequeathed to it a splendid 
race of soldiers, each one of whom derived from their ancestor 
Lieutenant Knowlton, and from him alone, that indomitable 
courage, iron fortitude and patriotic ardor which made their records 
remarkable. General Nathaniel Lyon, a grandson, who fell fighting 
gloriously at Wilson's Creek, in our last war, often acknowledged 
the inspiration of his grandsire's life and tenderly revered his 
memory. Captain Miner Knowlton, of West Point, who moulded 
the early character of our greatest of modern generals, Ulysses S. 
Grant, and was the means of fixing in his mmd that practical 
science of war which was afterward so valuable to him, inherited 
his qualities of pluck and fondness for army life from the same grand 
old Revolutionary sire. 

It has been erroneously stated that General Nathaniel Lyon 

Lyon and an anecdote of him being given. These remarks and the anecdote were 
extemporaneous and were not taken down by the stenographer present, and, as the 
anecdote was related by Colonel Thomas L. Snead to Mr. Knowlton, and the latter 
has since the banquet found it substantially the same in Snead's book " The Fight for 
Missouri," he has thought it best to give the story as Colonel Snead wrote it for 
publication ; premising it with a condensed recital of Snead's interesting review of 
the stirring events that lead up to the interview referred to, which was the crisis in 
the affairs of Missouri, where parleying ceased and war began; and adding Snead's 
closing tribute to Lyon's great work. 


imitated and inherited the traits of his great-uncle — Colonel Thomas 
Knowlton, younger brother of the Lieutenant, instead of those ol 
his grandfather. His own statement of the fact however, and a 
logical consideration of the subject, points to but one conclu- 
sion as to the ancestor from whom he inherited those talents for war 
which made his name renowned. 

The record of Daniel Knowlton' s life is an interesting and event- 
ful one, and I will briefly sketch it, giving besides a few authentic 
anecdotes which serve to illustrate the kind of man he was and the 
indomitable pluck he possessed. Baptised in the West Parish of 
Boxford, Mass., 31st December, 1738, as it was the custom in those 
days eight days after birth, we may safely conclude that he was 
born 23rd December, 1738. His father was William Knowlton, 
of Ipswich, Mass., born 30th January, 1708, who married Martha 
Pinder, daugther of Theophilus Pinder, of Ipswich, Mass., their 
banns being published 13th February, 1728. Martha was a grand- 
daughter of John Pinder, or Pynder, " a Soldier in ye Countrie's 
Service," one of Major Dennison's subscribers in King Phillip's 
war, serving in Captain Henchman's and Captain Brattle's compa- 
nies during that stormy period. She was the great-granddaughter 
of Henry Pinder, who with wife Mary, in the year 1635, embarked 
from London in ship '"Susan and Ellen," for America. Henry 
above was of the old English family of Pynder, of Lincoln county, 
England, and his arms granted in 1538, are registered as follows 
in the Herald's College: "Azure, a chevron between three lions' 
heads erased argent, guttee de poix ducally crowned or. Crest — 
A lion's head erased or, ducally crowned azure." 

When Daniel was about two years old and just after the birth of 
his brother Thomas, his father, William Knowlton, purchased a farm 
in Ashford, Conn., and removed to that place from West Boxford, 
Mass. This was late in the year 1740. Daniel's early training was 
calculated to exert a powerful influence upon his military career 
afterward, and probably did lay the foundation for some of those 
deeds of heroism which have made his name revered among his 
descendants. When only nineteen years of age we find him enlisted 
in the Colonial regiments for service in the French and Indian 
wars with his brother Thomas. He got his first smell of powder 
in these wars, and early distinguished himself for bravery and 
daring, particularly as a scout, being often sent in command of 
small parties to reconnoitre in the forest. No duty connected with 


the long and bloody wars upon the frontiers required more skill or 
tact than that of scouting among the wilds of the Indians, where the 
slightest indiscretion might betray the venturesome explorer to the 
cruelty of the savage. On one of these occasions, while serving in 
Captain John Slapp's company, Phineas Lyman's First Connecticut 
regiment, in Lord Loudon's expedition to Fort Edward, between 
the 15th of March and the 17th of October, 1757, Daniel saved the 
life of his companion and friend, Israel Putnam, who had ventured 
into the dense forest outside the ramparts of Fort Edward and hav- 
ing been attacked by a warlike Indian, was about to be tomahawked, 
when Knowlton came to his friend's relief and brought down the 
redskin by a timely shot from his musket. This incident explains 
the life-long friendship which existed afterward between Putnam 
and Daniel Knowlton. 

The bravest troopers and fiercest fighters (it has been some- 
where remarked), in the battles and bloody encounters of the 
French and Indian wars in New York were soldiers of Con- 
necticut regiments. At any rate Knowlton did most of his fighting 
during this campaign in Northern New York, in and around the 
ramparts of Fort Edward, Ticonderoga and vicinity. In June, 
I753> we find him serving in Colonel Eleazer Fitch's Third 
Connecticut regiment, and Captain Jedediah Fay's company, at 
Crown Point. About this time Knowlton captured three men 
belonging to a gang of bloodthirsty desperadoes, whose numerous 
atrocities had made them extremely odious as well as terrible. 
With a small force on hostile territory, it was unsafe either to retain 
or dismiss the prisoners. Duly impressed with the claims of self- 
preservation, the captors decided that the crimes of the prisoners 
entitled them to halters and that the pressing demands of the case 
justified no delay; halters were accordingly made from the bark of 
hickory saplings by Knowlton' s orders, from which the culprits 
were soon dangling between heaven and earth. 

From May 7th, 1761, to December 30th, 1761, Daniel served 
as a Sergeant in Captain Robert Durkee's company, in Phineas 
Lyman's Connecticut regiment, and from March 4, 1762, to 
December 4, 1762, in Captain Hugh Ledlie's company of Lyman's 
regiment. The above companies having been mustered, served in 
the Crown Point expedition. The original muster rolls showing his 
services in these campaigns are on file in the State Library at Hart- 
ford, Conn. It is not known positively that Daniel rendered service 

in the Havana expedition, as most of the muster rolls of these reg-i- 
ments were lost or destroyed. We have very jj^ood reasons however 
for believing that he did, as we have proof of his brother Thomas's 
service there and we have proof that they served side by side in 
nearly every campaign of the French and Indian war. 

Upon returning to Connecticut and his native town, Ashford, in 
1763, he married Elizabeth Farnham, on November 3rd, the daughter 
of Manassah Farnham, of Windham. Elizabeth was born at 
Windham, 10 March, 1742. Her mother was Keziah Ford, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Ford, a soldier in King Phillip's war. Daniel's wife 
Elizabeth Farnham was granddaughter of Henry Farnham and 
Phebe (Russell) Farnham and great-granddaughter of Ralph Farn- 
ham and Sarah Sterling. Ralph, father of Ralph above, married 
Elizabeth Holt, and was sixth son of Sir John Farnham, of Ouorn- 
dam. County Leicester, England, who lived temp. Edward I. The 
Farnham arms are registered in Herald's College. 

Daniel now enjoyed a brief respite from the hardships of war 
and turned his attention to the affairs of his home and family. His 
appearance about this time is said to have been that of a very tall, 
wiry man, slightly stooping shoulders, high brow, prominent nose, 
stern though gentle features, and blue eyes, in one of which there 
was a slight cast, the result of the eye being badly lacerated in the 
French war, while chasing a band of savages. A projecting bramble 
or prickly branch tore the eye partially out of the socket, but the 
indomitable will of the soldier prevailed and delaying not a moment, 
and as it were ignoring the annoyance, he is said to have pushed 
on paying no attention to the pain. His hair was powdered after 
tiie fashion of the period. Naturally it is said to have been a light 
brown in color. His gentleness and humanity are illustrated by 
the following incident, which has erroneously been ascribed by 
some to his younger brother, Thomas. One day as Daniel was 
riding past the Presbyterian church at Ashford, he noticed a large 
crowd congregated about the whipping post, planted in the vicinity 
according to the harsh custom of the day. Upon inquiry he learned 
that a culprit was to be flogged for non-attendance at church and 
for non-payment of dues. When the sentence was read, prepara- 
tory to laying on the stripes, observing that the usual clause was 
omitted requiring the stripes to be applied to the bare back, he 
jumped from his horse and threw his own coat over the shoulders 
of the culprit, thus mitigating the force of the blows. 


Four sons and a daughter were born to Daniel and Elizabeth 
during this temporary period of domestic peace and happiness at 
Ashford, but the clouds ot revolution were gathering in the Colo- 
nies and at the first call to arms we find Knowlton promptly 

Although in a different part of the country and away from home, 
yet the spark which burst to flames of righteous indignation in the 
souls of that little army at Lexington and Concord, and which later 
kept alive that starving band at Valley Forge until the crowning 
victory at Yorktown, also fired the loyal soul of Lieutenant 
Knowlton, who lived to see the close of that eventful period after 
participating in its most desperate encounters. He lived to fight 
the battles of his younger brother, the brave Colonel Thomas, slain 
almost at the beginning of the conflict. 

It is related that the night before the Putnam company marched 
to the relief of Boston, " Old Put," as he was called, was noticed to 
leave his house and silently walking over to a field adjacent, there 
look towards Ashford, standing some little time shading his eyes 
with his hands, with a stern look upon his face. Being followed by 
a neighbor and upon being asked for whom he was looking, the 
old General ejaculated, " Gad Zounds, had I only Daniel Knowlton 
to take with me, I'd lick Hell itself." 

When Colonel Thomas Knowlton led the Ashford company to 
the American headquarters near Boston, shortly after the battle of 
Lexington, this same General Putnam, asked the Colonel where his 
brother Daniel was. Being informed that he had gone in another 
direction the General remarked, "I am sorry that you did not 
bring him with you; he alone is worth half a company. Such is 
his courage and lack of fear I could order him into the mouth of 
a loaded cannon, and he would go." 

In June, 1776, Daniel was commissioned Ensign of Colonel John 
Chester's Connecticut regiment, Sixth Battalion, Wadsworth's 
Brigade, Captain Reuben Marcy's company. Stationed with this 
regiment at Flatbush Pass, August 26th, he participated in the 
memorable battle of Long Island, August 27th, 1776, where his 
entire regiment narrowly escaped capture.* 

* The espadata or ensign's staff which was Carried by Knowlton is in the pos- 
session at the present time of one of his great-grandsons, Mr. Miner Knowlton, of 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and the musket which Sergeant Knowlton carried during the 
French and Indian and first year of the Revolutionary War, and which saved the life 
of Putnam, is now in possession of the writer. 


Subsequently he was detached from Chester's regiment and 
Wadsworth's brigade, and after the battle of Long Island assigned 
to Knowlton's Rangers, which his brother Thomas commanded. 
He participated with the Rangers at the battle of Harlem Heights, 
i6th September, 1776, at which place and during which engagement 
his brother was slain. It was related by Trumbull, of Connecticut, 
an intimate friend of Colonel Thomas KnoWlton, that upon his 
death the news was carried to his brother Daniel, who was fighting 
bravely in another part of the field. Upon hearing the sad news he 
exclaimed, " We will retrieve my brother's loss," and before the 
day was over the loss was partially retrieved by that glorious success 
at Harlem Heights, the first decisive victory of the war. 

After the battle of Harlem Heights Knowlton returned to 
Chester's regiment again and participated in the battle of White 
Plains, N.Y., 28th October, 1776. For bravery on the field he was 
appointed Second Lieutenant by the State Assembly of one of eight 
battalions of troops ordered to be raised. He again rejoined 
Knowlton's Rangers on the Harlem lines after the White Plains 
engagement, continuing with them and being in the thick of the 
fight at Fort Washington, where, with the entire garrison, he was 
made a prisoner of war. For about two years he was in the hands 
of the enemy, being confined a portion of the time in the old prison- 
ship "Jersey," anchored in Wallabout Bay, during which period 
he suffered the worst kind of abuse, privation and persecution. On 
one occasion it is related, while he was on the "Jersey," when 
pacing back and forth on the vessel with his eyes lowered to the 
deck, one of his jailors, a British officer, pompously asked him why 
he did not hold up his head, like a man and a soldier. Knowlton 
quietly replied, "In passing through fields of grain, sir, I have 
noticed that the valuable ears or sheaves bow toward the earth, only 
the empty and worthless stand erect." The officer thereupon 
showed appreciation of the answer by bowing his own head and 
leaving the prisoner to pursue his meditations undisturbed. The 
infamy and inhuman treatment of American patriots confined on the 
"Jersey" and other prison-.<^hips is too well known as a matter of 
history to dwell upon at length here. Every persecution that devil- 
ish ingenuity could suggest, every refinement of cruelty, was 
practiced upon our men by their English guards. Fed upon 
decomposed and putrid food; purposely exposed to fearful diseases, 
by having victims reeking with contagion thrown into the midst of 


the crews; not allowed to breathe the fresh air at times, but stuffed 
like rats in a charnel house into the holds of the ships; beaten over 
the head by a sword, or musket, if they remonstrated, or pierced by 
the bayonet for the slightest word of complaint or disrespect, their 
wrongs cried to heaven for redress. The memory of the indignities 
and cruelties to which he was submitted during those terrible months 
were never forgotten or erased from Knowlton's memory. The 
very name of " Britain " fired his anger ever after. Long years after 
the war, having retired to his home at Ashford, he was accustomed 
to attend divine service at a Congregational church at Westford. 
One Sabbath day, when the minister gave out a hymn having for 
its refrain "Give Britain praise," Lieutenant Knowlton imme- 
diately rose up in his seat and requested that this hymn should be 
omitted and some other sung in its stead, but the minister paying 
no attention to his request and the choir beginning to sing, the old 
soldier marched deliberately out of church, declaring that he could 
not worship with a congregation that "gave Britain praise for any- 
thing," and he never entered that church again. 

A part of the time he was imprisoned by the British was passed 
in an old meeting house on Long Island. For the space of four 
days he was allowed neither food nor drink. At length a compas- 
sionate woman, hearing of his conditon, concealed food and a bottle 
of water in her clothing and prevailed upon the guard in some way 
to allow her to visit the meeting house. She found Knowlton 
almost in a dying condition, and but for her timely relief he soon 
would have perished. It was about this time that Lieutenant- 
Colonel Selah Hart, of Farmington, presented a petition to the 
Connecticut Assembly for aid in behalf ot Nathan Allen, Daniel 
Knowlton and a few others, which was granted. This quaint, old 
document, alluding to our men as "captivated by their enemies," 
is preserved in the archives of Connecticut to this day. The peti- 
tion reads as follows : 

"Whereas, Lieutenant-Colonel Selah Hart, of Farmington, 
hath preferred his memorial to this Assembly, for himself and about 
thirty-eight other Continental officers captivated by the enemies of 
the United States of America and confined by them on Long Island, 
showing to this Assembly that said officers and their families are 
reduced to great distress by means of said officers being held in 
captivity, the most of them ever since the 15th of September last, 
since which they have received no wages or allowances from the 

United States, or either of them, and that they have spent all their 
money, are considerably in debt, and have no means of subsistance; 
that they are unable to procure hard money; that paper money or 
bills will not pay them; praying- for relief, etc., as per memorial and 
a list of said officers names lodged in the files of this Assembly 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay- 
Table be and they are hereby directed to adjust and settle said 
officers' accounts, when produced to them, and to allow to them, 
the same wages since their captivity as was allowed to officers ol 
their rank in the Continental army at the time they were captured; 
and that the committee pay to them, or to said Selah Hart for their 
use, the balance due to each of said officers or such part thereof as 
on consideration of their case may appear necessary for their relief; 
Provided such evidence shall be produced as shall satisfy said com- 
mittee that said officers have not received their wages already. And 
said committee are directed, if possible, to make said payment, or 
considerable part thereof, in hard money, and for that purpose to 
draw on the Treasurer of this State for the same or bills of credit 
to exchange for the same, and the Treasurer is directed to pay the 
same accordingly; and said committee are to charge the sum so 
paid to the United States and transmit an account thereof to 
General Washington, with the names and offices of the persons to 
whom or for whom the same is paid, and the battalion and company 
to which they belonged, as soon as they can ascertain the same, 
and request the General to give orders that said sum may be 
ordered and paid to the Treasurer of this State for the use of this 

The following is a fac-simile of receipt given by Daniel Knowl- 
ton for money received from Lieutenant-Colonel Hart : 


N«- 13. Received Long Island June 3^ 1777 of Coll. 

Selah Heart Eight Pounds Lavvf'} Money in part of 
my Wages in Col° John Chesters Regt 

^ Daniel Knolton, Ens 


While in captivity news came to Daniel from his home at Ash- 
ford, that a daughter had been born to him (Martha, born 24 Feb- 
ruary 1777). 

Upon being exchanged with other prisoners, Daniel was 
assigned as Lieutenant to Captain Joshua Bottom's company, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Levi Well's regiment, and participated with them in 
the Battle of Horseneck, 9th December, 1780, where he was again 
taken prisoner. Upon being released he was given a brief leave of 
absence to visit his home in Ashford, and soon after, 9th February, 
1781, his daughter Keziah was born. 

Enlisting again, he was commissioned First Lieutenant. He 
served in that capacity in Captain Benjamin Durkee's company of 
Mattrosses, in the Provisional Regiment stationed at Fort Trum- 
bull, New London, Ct. , from July 16, 1782, until the close of the 
war and the army was disbanded. He was given occasional leave 
of absence. Another daughter, Hannah, was born to him, while in 
service, (19th April, 1783). 

It has been asked by some persons, why did not Knowlton 
receive the military rank which was his due ? This was owing to 
the fact that he was a prisoner of war much of the time and also 
because he refused advancement on one or two occasions, preferring 
to serve in that station where he could serve his country best. 
Bold, stern and intrepid as a lion in the battlefield, he was retiring, 
non-assertive, and in private life inclined to belittle his achievements. 
Nothing was more distasteful to his mind than display or ostentatious 

As I read the simple inscription on his gravestone in the West- 
ford Hill Cemetery ("A Patriot of the Revolution") I turned to 
one of his oldest descendants and inquired why a more fitting tribute 
to his deeds had not been erected over the grave of the hero. (Go 
down in Windham county now and you will find many who have been 
and still are, asking this question.) He gave me an answer character- 
istic of the Knowltons. ' ' The best acknowledgment of a man's ser- 
vices to his race is rendered when his countrymen demand with 
surprise why his deeds are not more publicly appreciated." 

After the war was over he retired to private life at Ashford and 
occupied himself with the humble pursuits of his farm life. He met 
with a severe affliction in the death of his wife Elizabeth, who passed 
away June I, 1786. He married a second time 24th April, 1788, 
Rebecca Fenton, of Willington, by whom he had two sons, Erastus 

Fenton and Marvin He met his death from the effects of a fall in 
the barn attached to the place at Ashford, 31 May, 1825. His 
gravestone in the cemetery at Westford bears the following: 

" Lieutenant DANIEL KNOWLTON, 
A Patriot of the Revolution. 
Died May 31st, 1825, 
aged 86 years." 

We heard many express surprise at Hartford, last November, 
that even the name of the elder brother and companion of the brave 
Thomas Knowlton was not mentioned (the omission being uninten- 
tional however, we presume), while that of the grandson Lyon, 
occured often. But for this Veteran of three wars (for he is also 
said to have served in the second struggle for Independence), no 
fulsome praise, public monuments, or rhetorical efforts are neces- 
sary. In the hearts of his followers his memory will ever be hal- 
lowed. He needs no visible memorial, for his deeds speak for him, 
and loving hands will ever treasure those memorials and annals of 
his life, and guard the home of one of nature's noblemen. 

" He lived, when patriot faith was strong. 
When leap'd to right their country's wrong 

Unflinching hearts and hands; 
When but one Arnold stained her fame, 
And like a beacon black with shame 

His hateful memory stands. 

He dared to go where any led. 

He dared to lead though hope had fled; 

This ancestor of ours; 
Whose spirit Britain ne'er could tame, 
And Putnam, too. well known to fame, 

Bold Knowlton's cause approved. 

Doth any monument arise, 

And spread fair tablet to the skies, 

A future race to show 
The dauntless soul that never quailed ? 
The truthful creed that never failed ? 

His people answer " No! " 

But yet those virtues pure and true. 

Which friend and wife, and hearth-stone knew. 

His life of Christian love; 
Earth's marble is too poor to keep. 
They for such eyes as never weep 

Write history above." 


Of his military descendants General Nathaniel Lyon and Cap- 
tain Miner Knowlton achieved renown in the civil struggle of our 

(See Sketches by Miner R. Knowlton, of Poughkeepsie.) 

Lieutenant Daniel's eldest son, Daniel, was a captain of militia 
in the Revolution; Captain Daniel's son, Nathaniel, served with 
credit in the War of 1812, and his son Phineas, now living at Spring- 
field, served in the last war. 

Lieutenant Daniel's second son, Nathaniel, sers^ed with his 
father in the Revolution, as a boy, going along to carry ammuni- 
tion. When he grew up he served in the war of 181 2, as did his 
sons W'illiam and Farnham, the former being pensioned by the 
government. Two of Farnham's sons, now living, have made 
brilliant records. Miner N. of Chicago, and Ingersoll F. of West- 
chester county. Miner N. Knowlton entered the U. S. Navy in 
1862, as a regular in the Engineer Corps, and was appointed Third 
Assistant Engineer; was promoted to Second Engineer in 1866; 
was on the U. S. Steamer " Unadilla " in the capture of Charleston, 
S. C, and was on blockade duty off that port for about eighteen 
months until it was captured. Was also on the " Patuxet " in the 
fights at Fort Fisher, and was among the first to enter Richmond 
after Lee's retreat and while that city was in flames. In 1867 was 
ordered to the " Iroquois" and went to China and on a long Indian 
voyage on the iron- clad " Terror." At the close of the war he was 
appointed inspector of frigates. He resigned in November, 1872, 
and his name can be found in any Naval Register. 

Ingersoll Knowlton, brother of Miner N., enlisted in the Engi- 
neer Corps of the Navy, and sailed from the Brooklyn Navy Yard 
on the U. S. Steamer "Circassian" for Port Royal. He then 
joined the U. S. Steamer ''Conemaugh," at Georgetown River, S. C. 
He was in the engagement under Admiral Dupont. when the fleets 
bombarded the forts in Charleston harbor, after w'hich the "Cone- 
maugh" was sent north for repairs. In January, 1864, on board 
the "Conemaugh," he participated in the engagement in Mobile 
Bay under Rear Admiral Farragut, when the rebel ram "Atlanta" 
was captured and the U. S. Iron-clad " Tecumseh " was sunk with 
all on board by a rebel torpedo. After serving in the Gulf States 
for several months the " Conemaugh " came north for repairs, and 
he resigned in 1S65. 

A grandson of Ephraim (fifth child of Lieutenant Daniel), 


Frank Eastman, served in the U. S. navy from the beginning to the 
close of the War of the Rebellion. 

Manassah (second and twin son of Lieutenant Daniel), held a 
Lieutenant's and Captain's commission in Rensselaer County, N. Y., 
Militia, War of 1812. One of his sons, Isaac, rendered valuable 
service in the New York State Militia during the same war; par- 
ticipated in the Battle of Plattsburgh; was granted a pension and 
land in Rensselaer county, N. Y., in consideration of his military 

"Captain Miner Knowlton and General Nathaniel 

Lyon, military descendants of Lieutenant Daniel Knowl- 
ton, with the anecdote of Snead relatino; to General 

Paper prepared and read by Mr. Miner Rockwell 
Knowlton, as a part of Mr. Griffith's toast on the mili- 
tary descendants of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton. 


(Grandson of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton.) 
Record from Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 

Volume in. 

"KNOWLTON, MINER, soldier, born in Connecticut, in 1804; died in Bur- 
lington, N. J., December 25, 1870. He was graduated at the U. S. Military Academy, 
in 1829, and commissioned a Lieutenant in the ist Artillery, to which regiment he 
was attached till he was retired, rising to the grade of Captain, in 1846. In 1830-7 
he served as Assistant Professor of Mathematics at the Military Academy; in 1833-7, 
as Assistant Teacher of French, and in 1837-44, as Instructor of Artillery and Cavalry. 
As a member of the Artillery Board he aided in the compilation of the "Instructions 
for Field Artillery," that were adopted 6th March, 1845, ^°^ '^e service of the United 

With a view of studying Foreign Military Science, he went to Algeria in 1845, 
and served on the staff of Marshal Bugeaud. 

He was at Corpus Christi during the military occupation of Texas, and in the 
war with Mexico in mustering volunteers into service on the Rio Grande, and in the 
recruiting service and on engineer duty. 

He was on leave of absence from September, 1849, till 1861, when he retired 
from active service for disability, resulting from disease and exposure in the line of 


Captain Knowlton was the author of " Notes on Gunpowder, Cannon and Pro- 
jectiles" (1840), and the compiler of "Instructions and Regulations for the Militia 
and Volunteers of the United States" 1861." 


Captain Knowlton was a grandson of Lieutenant Daniel Knowl- 
ton, and a grand nephew of Colonel Thomas Knowlton, both 
Revolutionary heroes. 

At the last officers' mess that Captain Knowlton attended, at 
the time of ending his long and arduous duties as Instructor at 
West Point, in 1S44, he was stricken with Epilepsy. 

He was always an ambitious student, while performing his 
duties as Instructor in Mathematics, French, Artillery and Cavalry; 
and he finally broke down from over study. For this reason he 
obtained furlough, and visited many foreign countries, in the hope 
of overcoming the malady; yet always striving to inform himself in 
military affairs, and always conscientiously giving to the govern- 
ment the benefit of all information he acquired of foreign armaments 
and methods. 

Thus we find him after leaving West Point, in the French 
Army, in Algeirs, and later in Bermuda, and in Havana, Cuba, on 
delicate and special service for the government, and doing recruit- 
ing service and engineering work on the Rio Grande, although 
incapacitated through disease for service in the field. The falling- 
sickness never left him, and at the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion, being then 57 years old, and the oldest Captain in the 
Artillery, he retired from active service, and spent the remainder of 
his life at Burlington, N. J., where he had gone to secure necessary 
quiet, and where he organized a company of home guards, known 
as the " Knowlton Rifles." 

He was the Instructor of Lee, Grant, Beauregard, Lyon and all 
the prominent West Point officers, both Union and Confederate, 
who took part in the Civil War. 

An ardent Republican, he was always courteous to those who 
differed from him in politics. 

Captain Knowlton was more the student than the fighter, and 
added to the inborn courtesy of the old school and the trained 
etiquette of the regular army officer; the breadth of view and the 
charity of a highly educated and liberal-minded man. 

He was never married, yet he built a beautiful home for himself 
in Burlington, where he entertained his friends and his old army 
comrades; and although he expended money generously and 
charitably such were his habits, from the early training in Connecticut, 
that through good management and intelligent investment of ac- 


cumulated savings from the modest pay of an army officer, he left 
a handsome fortune at his death. 

Captain Knowlton is buried in St. Mary's Churchyard, Burl- 
ington, N. J., and his monument is capped with ?i.fac simile in stone 
of a mortar ready for discharge, and the inscription reads: 

" Our aim is always heavenward, for 
God and for our Country." 

Ashbel Woodword inscribed his " Life of General Lyon" to 
Captain Knowlton as "a tribute to patroitism, integrity and dis- 
tinguished attainments, and a memorial of old and uninterrupted 

Captain Knowlton fostered the military instincts of the descend- 
ants of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton; and it is believed that his 
example largely influenced Lyon in adopting a military career, and 
that thereafter Lyon was guided and influenced in military and 
other matters by the precepts and opinions of the relation and 
friend who fourteen years his senior, was his teacher and the 
respected comrade of the older and then more distinguished officers 
of the army. 

The publication of the Life of Lyon, for distribution among his 
relations and for the public libraries, was mainly due to Captain 
Knowlton, and it is probable that it was at his request that his 
friend Ashbel Woodward edited the pamphlet, with a miniature 
engraving of the Battle of Bunker Hill, in memory of Colonel 
Thomas Knowlton. 


(Grandson of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton.) 
Record from Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 
Volume IV. 

"NATHANIEL LYON, soldier, born in Ashford, Conn., 14th July, 1818; died 
near Wilson's Creek, Mo., loth August, 1861. He was graduated at the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy in 1841, assigned to the 2d Infantry, and served in Florida during the 
latter part of the Seminole war. He was engaged at the siege of Vera Cruz, pro- 
moted 1st Lieutenant while on the march to the city of Mexico, and commanded his 
company throughout the subsequent campaign, receiving the brevet of Captain for 
gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco. In the assault on the city of Mexico he was 
wounded at the Belen Gate. At the close of the war he was ordered to California, 
and in 1850 he conducted a successful expedition against the Indians of Clear Lake 
and Russian river in northern California, receiving the praise of General Persifer F. 
Smith for the rapidity and secrecy of his marches, and his skilful dispositions on the 


ground. He was promoted Captain on nth June, 1851, and in 1853, returned with 
his Regiment to the Kast. While listening to the debates in Congress over the 
Kansas-Nebraska Bill, his sympathies were engaged in behalf of the Negro, although 
he had been hitherto an earnest Democrat. In 1854, he was sent to Fort Riley, and 
during the height of the contest for the possession of Kansas, manifested his 
sympathy with the Free State parly, and gave it his aid and support. In 1856, when 
the troops were ordered to enforce the laws against the Abolitionists, Lyon seriously 
contemplated resigning his commission, that he might not be employed " as a tool in 
the hands of evil rulers for the accomplishment of evil ends "; but he was saved from 
the necessity of doing so by being ordered to the Dakota frontier. He was on duty 
again in Kansas, in 1859, and was with General William S. Harney, in December, 
i860, when the Governor of Missouri sent a Brigade of Militia to co-operate with 
the National troops in arresting James Montgomery. He was left by Harney at Fort 
Scott, but wished to be nearer the scene of the impending conflict in which, he 
wrote on 27th January, 1861, "I certainly expect to expose, and very likely shall lose 
my life." In the beginning of February, he was ordered to St. Louis. There he 
contested with Major Peter V. Hagner, whom he suspected of Southern sympathies, 
the command of the arsenal; but his appeal to General Harney, and then to President 
Buchanan, was unavailing. He was soon in close accord with Francis P. Blair, Jr., 
and the other Unionist leaders, and at once began to drill and organize the Home 
Guards. A few days before President Lincoln's inauguration, Blair went to Wash- 
ington to persuade General Scott and the President of the necessity of giving the 
command of the arsenal to Lyon, but without success. An attempt of the Seces- 
sionist Minute Men to provoke a conflict on inauguration day decided the new ad- 
ministration to place Lyon in command of the troops on 13th March, 1861 ; yet the 
order was qualified by instructions from General Harney, still leaving in charge of 
Major Hagner the arms and materials of war which Lyon intended in the event of a 
collision to distribute among the Home Guards. While Governor Claiborne F. 
Jackson was promoting the organization of Secessionists Militia, and after he had 
placed the police 'of St. Louis under the control of Basil W. Duke, the leader of the 
Minute Men, and after the municipal election of 1st April, 1861, had transferred the 
city government into the hands of the Secessionists, General Harney revoked his 
recent order and gave Lyon entire charge of the arsenal, arms and stores. Before 
the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Lyon had strengthened the fortifications and 
mounted heav\' siege-guns and mortars that commanded the city and its river 
approaches. On the President's call for troops. Governor Jackson prepared to plant 
batteries on the hill overlooking the arsenal. Lyon at once communicated with 
Governor Richard Yates, who, by the President's orders, sent three regiments of the 
Illinois quota to support the garrison in St. Louis. Lyon was at the same time com- 
manded, according to his own suggestion, to turn over 10,000 stand of arms to the 
Illinois State authorities. Blair had procured in Washington another order authorizing 
Captain Lyon to issue 5,000 stand of arms for arming loyal citizens. Harney inter- 
fered to prevent the arming of volunteers, and ordered l-yon, who had placed guards 
in the streets in violation of the city ordinances, to withdraw his men within the 
arsenal, but for this was removed from the command of the department on 2 1st 
April. On the same day Captain Lyon was ordered to muster into the service the 
four regiments, constituting Missouri's quota, which the Governor had refused to 


furnish. Without regard to seniority he assumed command on the departure of 
Harney, and from that time was recognized by the government as commanding the 
department. On the night of 26th April, he secretly sent away to Illinois all the 
munitions of war that were not needed for the four regiments, which were speedily 
organized and equipped. Although the removal of the arms from the arsenal frus- 
trated the Governor's object in ordering the Militia into camp at St. Louis, it was 
decided to hold the encampment nevertheless Daniel M. Frost's brigade, number- 
ing now, after all the Union men had withdrawn, about 700 men, went into camp on 
the 6th of May, in a grove in the western part of the city, which they called Camp 
Jackson. Having been authorized by a dispatch from the Secretary of War, Lyon in 
May mustered in five regiments, called the Home Guards or U. S. Reserve Corps 
in addition to five regiments of Missouri volunteers that had been organized in April. 
The volunteers were recruited almost entirely from the German population, as the 
native born and the Irish were Secessionists. On the loth of May he surrounded 
Camp Jackson, and made prisoners of war of the entire corps of Militia, In the 
camp were siege-guns that Jefferson Davis had sent from New Orleans at the request 
of Governor Jackson. When General Harney resumed command he approved the 
capture of Camp Jackson, but refused to carry out Lyon's plan for immediate opera- 
tions against the hostile forces that the Governor was organizing in pursuance of an 
act of the Legislature. On 31st May, in accordance with an order that Blair had 
obtained from the President, Lyon, who had been commissioned as Brigadier 
General of volunteers on 17th May and appointed to the command of the brigade of 
German recruits, relieved General Harney of the command of the Department 
of the West, The Governor and General Sterling Price, in an interview with 
General Lyon, sought to obtain from him a renewal of the agreement General 
Harney had made to respect the neutrality of the State; but Lyon insisted on the 
right of the U. S. government to enlist men in Missouri, and to move its troops 
within or across the State. Open hostilities followed. Lyon sent troops to the 
southwestern part of the State in order to meet an apprehended advance of Con- 
federate troops from Arkansas, and cut off the retreat of the Governor and the State 
troops, while with another force he advanced on Jefferson City, of which he took pos- 
session on 15th June, the State forces having evacuated it two days before, and then 
on the enemy's new headquarters at Booneville, where he routed Colonel John S. 
Marmaduke's force on 17th June. His sudden movement placed him in command 
of the entire State except the southwestern corner. On 3d July he left Boonville to 
continue the pursuit of Price, but when he learned that the Missourians had defeated 
Sigel at Carthage, and effected a junction with the Confederate troops under General 
Ben. McCulloch, he halted at Springfield to await re-enforcements. On learning that 
the Confederates were marching on his position, he advanced to meet them, although 
he supposed that they outnumbered his force four to one, but, after a skirmish at Dug • 
Spring, retreated to Springfield again when he found that their three columns had 
joined. On 9th August, considering a retreat more hazardous than a battle, he 
decided to surprise the Confederates in their camp on Wilson's Creek at daybreak the 
next morning. He turned their position and attacked their rear, while General 
Franz Sigel, at the head of another column, assailed their right flank. Sigel, after 
driving back the enemy, was defeated through mistaking one of their regiments for 
Iowa troops. Lyon perceiving new troops coming to the support of Price, brought 


all his men to the front for a final effort. His horse was killed and he was wounded 
in the head and leg, hut, mounting another horse, he dashed to the front to rally his 
wavering line, and was shot through the breast, expiring almost instantly. Major 
Samuel D. Sturgis, who was left in command, soon afterward ordered a retreat. Of 
the 5,000 National troops 1,317 were killed, wounded, or taken prisoners, while of 
the Confederates, who were 10,000 strong, 1,230 were killed or wounded. The 
National forces fell back on Springfield in good order and retreated thence to RoUa, 
while General McCulloch, the Confederate commander, refused to pursue. Lyon's 
movement, though resulting in defeat, had enabled the Union men in Missouri to 
organize a government and array the power of the State on the National side. 
General Lyon bequeathed $30,000 constituting nearly his entire property, to the 
government, to aid in the preservation of the Union. A series of articles, written 
while he was on duty in Kansas, in advocacy of the election of Abraham Lincoln, 
and printed in a local newspaper, were collected into a volume with a memoir, and 
published under the title of " The Last Political Writings of General Nathaniel 
Lyon " (New York, 1862). See also a memoir by Dr. Ashbel Woodward (Hartford, 
1862); James Peckham's "Life of Lyon" (New York, 1866); R. I Holcombe's 
" Account of the Battle of Wilson's Creek"; and "The Fight for Missouri," by 
Thomas L. Snead (New York, 1886)." 


The anecdote of Snead concerns the Planter's House (St. 
Louis,) inter\'iew, where Lyon virtually declared war against the 
State of Missouri. 

Snead' s book is entitled " The Fight for Missouri," "from the 
election of Lincoln to the death of Lyon," and while written from a 
Southern standpoint, it is eminently fair; and his active work in the 
political field, and later as Aide-de-Camp of the Rebel Governor 
Jackson, and acting Adjutant-General of the Missouri State Guard, 
entitles his book to be considered authoritative. This book was 
published by Charles Scribner's Sons, in 1886; and it would be well 
for anyone desiring to read up on the events that led up to the War 
of the Rebellion, and the situation that existed in the border states 
before open hostilities commenced, to consult this book. 

Claiborne F. Jackson, Governor, was Southern in birth and 
sympathies, and while he thought that the conflict was inevitable; 
in his inaugural address, after the secession of South Carolina, he 
said: " I am not without hope that an adjustment alike honorable to 
both sections may be effected, * ^ * but in the present unfavor- 
able aspect of public affairs it is our duty to prepare for the worst." 
This he was actively doing while Francis P. Blair, Jr., was striving 
to enlarge the Unconditional Union party, and to have the command 
of the Federal troops and the St. Louis arsenal transferred from 
apathetic Major Hagner to aggressive Captain Lyon. 


After innumerable discouragements, Lyon finally obtained com- 
mand; greatly strengthened the defences of the arsenal and erected 
batteries and mounted heavy siege-guns and mortars to command 
the river approaches and the city itself; in order to have rebellious 
St. Louis at his mercy, and thus to be able to dictate the course of 
the State. Jackson was talking State's Rights and preparing for 
war under the guise of armed neutrality. 

General Harney was again given command over Lyon; and 
with General Sterling Price, now in command of the organizing 
State Militia, under Governor Jackson's authority, made what is 
known as the Price- Harney agreement, which avowed that the 
object of each was "to restore peace and good order to the people 
of the State in subordination to the laws of the General and State 
Governments." This gave great offence to Blair and Lyon, who 
were prepared to overrun the State, and in a written memorandum 
for the guidance of Dr. Bernays, whom Lyon sent to Washington, 
Lyon says: "Tell the President to get my hands untied and I will 
warrant to keep this State in the Union. 

The last effort to save Missouri from the horrors of war was 
made at the Planter's House interview, at St. Louis, June ii, 1861. 
It was asked for by Jackson and Price, and granted by Lyon, who 
was again in command, the latter giving a safe conduct for Governor 
Jackson, General Price, and the Governor's Aide, Colonel Snead, 
to St. Louis and return to Jefferson City. Lyon came to the 
Planter's House, where the Governor was stopping, accompanied 
by Blair and Major Conant. his Aide-de-Camp, for the conference. 
Snead says: " Lyon opened it by saying 'that the discussion on the 
part of his Government would be conducted by Colonel Blair, who 
enjoyed its confidence in the very highest degree and was author- 
ized to speak for it.' Blair was, in fact, better fitted than any man 
in the Union to discuss with Jackson and Price the grave questions 
then at issue between the United States and the State of Missouri, 
and in all her borders there were no men better fitted than they to 
speak for Missouri on that momentous occasion. But, despite the 
modesty of his opening, Lyon was too much in earnest, too zealous, 
too well informed on the subject, too aggressive, and too fond of 
disputation to let Blair conduct the discussion on the part of his 
Government. In half an hour it Was he that was conducting it, 
holding his own at every point against Jackson and Price, masters 
though they were of Missouri politics, whose course they had been 


directing and controlling for years, while he was only Captain of an 
infantry regiment on the Plains. He had not, however, been a 
mere soldier in those days, but had been an earnest student of the 
very questions that he was now discussing, and he comprehended 
the matter as well as any man, and handled it in the soldierly way 
to which he had been bred, using the sword to cut knots that he 
could not untie. It was to no purpose that they all sought, or pre- 
tended to seek, the basis of a new agreement for maintaining the 
peace of Missouri. If they really sought to find one they did not. 
Finally, when the conference had lasted four or five hours, Lyon 
closed it, as he had opened it. 'Rather,' said he (he was still seated 
and spoke deliberately, slowly, and with a peculiar emphasis), 
'rather than concede to the State of Missouri the right to demand 
that my Government shall not enlist troops within her limits, or 
bring troops into the State whenever it pleases, or move its troops 
at its own will into, out of, or through the State; rather than con- 
cede to the State of Missouri for one single instant the right to 
dictate to my Government in any matter, however unimportant, I 
would (rising as he said this, and pointing in turn to every one in 
the room) see you, and you, and you, and you, and you, and every 
man, woman and child in the State, dead and buried.' Then turn- 
ing to the Governor, he said: 'This means war ! In an hour one ot 
my officers will call for you and conduct you out of my lines; ' and 
then, without another word, without an inclination of the head, with- 
out even a look, he turned upon his heel and strode out of the 
room, rattling his spurs and clanking his sabre, while we, whom he 
left, and who had known each other for years, bade farewell to each 
other courteously and kindly and separated — Blair and Conant to 
fight for the Union, we for the land of our birth." 

The writer's recollection of Snead's relation to him of this 
interview was given at the banquet and differs only at the close, as 
follows: "Lyon said in answer to Jackson's plan, and pointing to 
each one and finally to himself, 'rather than agree that my Govern- 
ment shall submit to a proposition of that kind, I will see you, and 
you, and you, and you, and you, and myself dead and buried ' ; then 
taking out his watch, he said: 'Gentlemen, it is now twelve o'clock, 
one hour will be given to you for dinner. At one o'clock a carriage 
will be in readiness at the ladies' entrance of the hotel to escort you 
out of my lines, and time will be given for you to go; if after that 
time you are found within my military jurisdiction, I shall consider 


you as prisoners of war.' Snead said: 'We all looked to see who 
this little red-headed captain was', adding, 'that he turned on his 
heel and left the room, his spurs rattling and sabre clanking as he 
went.' Snead also added, with a merry twinkle in his eye, "we left, 
and if we had not burnt our bridges behind us he would have 
caught us." 

This is given because, in the last part of Snead' s published 
account of that interview, there is perhaps a little of the glamour of 
the "Southern Gentleman" contrasted with an implied lack ol 
etiquette on Lyon's part. Lyon was a soldier and an Abolitionist. 
Long before the war he predicted it, and he knew at that interview, 
that he was dealing with traitors to his Government, who were tem- 
porizing to gain time. 

Snead, who was a genial and fair minded man, paid the follow- 
ing tribute to Lyon at the close of his able book. He says: "Lyon 
had not fought and died in vain. Through him the Rebellion 
which Blair had organized, and to which he himself had given force 
and strength, had succeded at last. By capturing the State Militia 
at Camp Jackson and driving the Governor from the Capitol, and 
all his troops into the uttermost corner of the State, and by holding 
Price and McCuUoch at bay, he had given the Union men of 
Missouri time, opportunity and courage to bring their State Con- 
vention together again, and had given the Convention an excuse 
and the power to depose Governor Jackson and Lieut. -Governor 
Reynolds, to vacate the seats of the members of the General 
Assembly, and to establish a State Government, which was loyal to 
the Union and which would use the whole organized power of the 
State, its Treasury, its Credit, its Militia and all its great resources, 
to sustain the Union and crush the South. All this had been done 
while Lyon was boldly confronting the overwhelming strength of 
Price and McCulloch. Had he abandoned Springfield instead, and 
opened to Price a pathway to the Missouri; had he not been willing 
to die for the freedom of the negro and for the preservation of the 
Union, none of these things would have been done. By wisely 
planing, by boldly doing, and by bravely dying, he had won the 
fight for Missouri." 

Lyon's work is so much a matter of history that it does not 
need corroboration, but, in this connection, it is of interest to state 
that in a conversation had with General Grant, at West Point, during 


his second term as President, he stated to the writer that Lyon saved 
the State of Missouri for the North. 

Snead's tribute has special significance, coming as it does from 
a Southern officer, who was a prominent actor in the poHtical 
manoeuvres to obtain control of the State in the interests of Seces- 
sion, and who wielded a sword against Lyon at Wilson's Creek, 
where the hero lost his life. 

Surely the grandson of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton had 
inherited his grandfather's keen judgment and fearless spirit and 
had proved himself worthy of his ancestry. 

President Knowlton : Massachusetts has always 
had a tender feeling for her sister State, Connecticut, 
which shares with her the distinction of being the home 
of many generations of the Knowlton family. We 
have with us to-night as a representative of that State, a 
gentleman to whom we are all greatly indebted for his 
graphic and beautiful historical address on Colonel 
Thomas Knowlton on the occasion of the unveiling of 
the statue, and I will ask Hon. P. H. Woodward of 
Hartford, Ct., to speak on 


"They love their land becaue it is their own, 
And scorn to give aught other reason why; 
Would shake hands with a king upon his throne. 
And think it kindness to his majesty." — Halleck. 

Responded to by Hon. P. H. Woodward of 

Hartford, Ct., as follow^s : 

Two. or three months after the close of the war I was on a train 
coming from Georgia, and among the passengers was an antiquated 
female who attracted my attention and the attention of all the rest. 
It was a time when the ladies of the North were dressing in elaborate 
skirts, but the fashion had not then reached the South, and this lady 
looked a little like a closed umbrella with the draperies hanging 
around the staff; but she was very kind-hearted; she had a basket 


of lunch which she distributed among the passengers. I fell into 
conversation with her. She was extremely bitter against the 
Yankees; she did not suspect that I was one, but I listened with 
pleasure, and after a while I told her she was born in Connecticut. 
She looked at me and said she was. She was then going up to 
Kentucky to visit some friends of hers she had not seen for a long 
time. About four or five weeks afterwards I was on a train going 
from Memphis to Atlanta and I met that same antiquated female 
again, and we fell into conversation, and she told me that one thing 
had been bothering her, and that was how I found out she was born 
in Connecticut. I was not under oath; we had had some friendly 
conversation, and I wanted to part in a friendly way, so collecting 
my thoughts as well as I could I told her that the ladies who were 
born and raised in Connecticut had a sweetness of voice and ele- 
gance of diction that we did not find to any great extent down 
in Georgia. She looked down for a moment and then raised her 
eyes with a heavenly smile and said, " Well, I guess there is some- 
thing in that." 

Well, I am not under oath to-night, and I am not going to tell 
any wrong stories about Connecticut, and the truth answers our 
purpose a great deal better. 

In connection with the spontaneity of the movement of Eastern 
Connecticut during the war I have often wondered why Eastern 
Connecticut sympathized with Massachusetts. You know Massa- 
chusetts began right away to quarrel with the Crown ; it was here that 
the Church and State was united. In the Connecticut colony we 
never had any connection; but here until 1680 no man could enter 
political life, could not hold office or vote unless he was a member 
of the Church. If our friend, Boss Hanna and all the other bosses 
at St. Louis, and the bosses three weeks hence left in Chicago, had 
lived in Boston in 1680, their first object would have been to get 
into the Church. In 1680 the clergy had the State by the throat, 
and that continued until Andros came over and succeeded in taking 
away that charter. 

I am very proud of my Massachusetts ancestry. I would not 
say a word to reflect upon Massachusetts. You have had a history 
such as no other State in the Union has had, but it was a misfortune 
that Church and State were imited. Over here when Andros came 
Increase Mather stood up here in a church in Boston and encouraged 
the people to defy the British Crown, and to resist by every means 


in their power the surrender of the charter. It was a theological 
movement, but it was a good thing that Church and State were 

Down in Connecticut we had no quarrel with the Crown. We 
had no grievance, except that the Crown was interfering with all 
the colonies in the natural laws of trade. We lived under a charter 
secured by George II, as late as 17 14, and four-fifths of the people 
preferred to live under that charter. We had an aristocratic form 
of government built up under that security, and the masses of the 
people were practically excluded from much of any participation in 
the breaking up of that charter, and although we were getting along 
so comfortably with the Crown, still Eastern Connecticut was aflame 
through sympathy with Massachusetts. They had a company of 
nearly a hundred men, one of the finest companies in the Conti- 
nental army, a company so fine that a few months later it was by 
common consent made the body guard of Washington during the 
siege of Cambridge. Many of the men had served in the French 
and Indian War. They knew what a soldier was. They knew there 
were troubles ahead which wanted the best men to be found, and 
they all by common consent turned to Captain Thomas Knowlton, 
and said he must be captain. It was a spontaneous, common 
movement to get him ahead. Where a man's neighbors all pro- 
nounce him to be a good, competent man, you may take it for 
granted that the verdict is true, and in this case it proved preemi- 
nently so. He took the command. When the battle of Bunker 
Hill comes to be written finally (a great deal about that battle has 
passed into oblivion never to be recalled), but some time the whole 
story will be told by a man with a mastery of the facts, and with a 
philosophical mind, and in that day Colonel Knowlton will be 
recognized as the ablest man. He certainly had no superior. 

When Colonel Prescott saw the movement of the British he 
ordered Knowlton to go down and dispute the landing. It was one 
of the most absurd orders given. There were few cannon. Here 
was a man with two hundred tired and exhausted soldiers ordered 
to dispute the landing of fifteen hundred men. Captain Knowlton 
knew that obedience to that order meant destruction to himself and 
to the men, but he saw the purpose of the British. He saw it was 
the design of Colonel Howe to get in the rear of the redoubt and 
capture the garrison, and instead of obeying the order of Colonel 

Prescott he commenced the defense behind the rail fence. Now, a 
few years ago, one of your distinguished townsmen wrote a very 
scathing article on the battle of Bunker Hill, in which he gives the 
reasons why the Hill should not have been occupied. 

Charles Francis Adams says that both sides did nothing but 
blunder, but the British blundered so much worse than the Ameri- 
cans that we, perhaps, came off victors; but he, perhaps, goes too 
far. Colonel Knowlton was undoubtedly right in the position, the 
occupation of the fence rail. Howe lost the battle, as he always 
failed, by dilatories; if he had marched forward as soon as he landed 
without waiting for reinforcements he would have captured the gar- 
rison; taken, perhaps, the whole State, but no man can tell anything 
about the mystery that enshrouded the Bunker Hill of that day; 
but if Howe had gone forward promptly he would have reached the 
rear of the redoubt and captured it. 

There was another brave soldier, Colonel Stark. He saw just 
what Knowlton saw, the purpose of General Howe. He continued 
the line begun by Knowlton to the river. There was where the 
battle was lost and won, against that rail fence. The British were 
paralyzed. Prescott did his work well, did it admirably; but if one 
should attempt to prove him to be a great soldier it would be diffi- 
cult to find arguments to support it. He did his work well that 
day. If Knowlton had obeyed his order we probably would not be 
meeting here to night. 

Connecticut is a subject that has no beginning and no end. 
One could go on forever and forever, so I will close by giving a few 
personal recollections of the Knowlton family. 

My father, Captain Miner Knowlton and Mr. William W. 
Marcy — who married a granddaughter of Colonel Knowlton — all 
grew up together, and sixty or sixty-five years ago those three men 
began in the most careful and exhaustive way to collect what infor- 
mation they could with regard to the career of Daniel Knowlton 
during the Revolution, during the French and Indian Wars, and 
especially the part performed by the Connecticut troops at the battle 
of Bunker Hill. 

I remember, when I was a very small child, and my father was 
a physician in large practice and returned occasionally to his native 
town, that he took me with him to review old Revolutionary soldiers 
who have passed away, and these facts were carefully taken down 
and compared, and they have been in my mind ever since, and the 


substance of them were given in that address to which your President 
has referred, but the part of Colonel Knowlton in that fight has 
never been adequately described; that is, it has not come down as 
a part of current history of our times. Really our ancestors are 
very largely what we make them. The old town of Ashford has 
run down a great deal. Most of the old families have passed away. 

You have had a long account of Captain Miner Knowlton; he 
was a frequent visitor at my father's, a man of sweet, beautiful 
character. Early in the war he told us the soldiers who were to be 
conspicuous on both sides, and his predictions were wonderfully 
verified. He was a hopeless invalid, and was prevented from taking 
part in these things. 

I am glad that you have formed this Association. It is a good 
thing for families to come together and celebrate their glories. I 
have looked up to considerable extent the John Knowlton family in 
the past, and when I look around me to-night and know how much 
the Knowltons are doing to make history, and how well they are 
doing it, I know that the blood of their fathers flows strongly in the 
veins of their sons. (Applause.) 

President Knowlton : Amonor the recollections of 
my boyhood I recall the bright, black-eyed boy who was 
with me as companion and student at Monson Academy, 
That boy has changed his raven locks for the crown 
which inexperience cannot wear for he has long been 
known as a hero, scholar and man of affairs, a direct 
descendant of Thomas Knowlton, and who bore a large 
part in securing the erection of the monument to per- 
petuate his memory. I will ask Dr. Thomas Knowlton 
Marcy to respond to the toast : 



" The sculptured bust, the epitaph eloquent in praise cannot indeed create dis- 
tinctions, but they serve to mark them." — Outre- Mer. 

Responded to by Dr. Thomas Knowlton Marcy of 
Windsor, Ct. 

That a statue was due to the memory of Colonel Thomas 
Knowlton no one for a moment can question. He began his mili- 

tary career in boyhood, was one of the three or four central figures 
in the battle of Bunker Hill, and fell while leading a victorious 
charge which brightened with a single gleam of light a period dark- 
ened by a long series of disasters. That this recognition of his 
merits came so late may be counted among the inevitable delays ot 
justice. At length, however, the attention of the proper tribunal 
was secured 

Forty years ago when reading medicine with the late Dr. Ashbel 
Woodward, of Franklin, Ct., who had carefully studied his career, 
he said to me, ' 'the State should erect a monument to this hero of the 
Revolution." The descendants of Colonel Knowlton thought often 
and seriously of doing something of the kind, but their efforts did 
not materialize; and it is by no means strange that his immediate 
family fell far short of their desires, when one remembers under 
what stress the young widow with her seven children, the eldest but 
sixteen, met the struggle for existence. How changed would have 
been their position had their father with his genius for arms survived 
the war! 

My kinsman and friend, Mr. P. Henry Woodward, and I, have 
from time to time made trips together to the scenes where the 
early life of Knowlton was spent, and to the spot where rest the 
remains of many of his family. Between us the question of an 
appropriate memorial was often discussed. In January, 1893, a 
happy concurrence of circumstances brought the opportunity for 
decisive action. We then appeared before the proper committee, 
with other members of the Connecticut Historical Society who 
favored the measure, when Mr Woodward read a paper which pre- 
sented with clear, impressive and convincing logic the claims of 
Colonel Knowlton upon the gratitude of the State To Mr. Wood- 
ward's untiring efforts we are indebted for the statue. His father 
first suggested it, but the son was the effective force from start to 

We now have a beautiful work of art, occupying a prominent 
position near the Capitol, an enduring reminder of true patriotism 
and heroic sacrifice. 

That the Commission appreciated the Colonel's devotion to his 
country is shown by their action in granting so conspicuous a loca- 
tion for this memorial. 

In his presentation of it to the State, Charles Dudley Warner 
remarked, "Colonel Knowlton was a great man. Judged by what 


he did and by what his rare talents promised, I doubt if the State 
has produced a greater military genius or a more unselfish patriot." 

After the unveiling ceremonies on the 13th of November last, 
the members of the Knowlton family reassembled in the Hall of 
Representatives and voted to form a permanent association, holding 
reunions annually or at convenient intervals. 

It is needless to say that the family has made and is making an 
honorable record which it should be our pride and pleasure to pre- 
serve and to perpetuate. In this grand old Commonwealth it is 
to-day very ably represented in the judiciary, and also ably, il less 
conspicuously, in the fields of business. Such gatherings will bring 
its members into closer union, stimulating sons to emulate the 
virtues of their sires. If kept up with high aims even now, while 
crossing the threshold, we can see in the mind's eye the vista 
stretching far away till it fades from sight in the distant future. 

President Knowlton : We should indeed be inhos- 
pitable if we failed to give a very cordial welcome to our 
kindred who have come to us from across the border. 
We are proud of the work which has been done, and of 
the position which has been obtained by a branch of our 
family in the Queen's Dominion. The next toast will 
be "Our Canadian Cousins," which will be responded to 
by a worthy representative of the family, Mr. Frederick 
J. G. Knowlton, St. John, New Brunswick. 


"A thousand welcomes ! ! 
and more a friend than e'er an enemy." — Shakespere. 

Responded to by F. J. G. Knowlton of St. John, 
New Brunswick, 

I am sorry that there was not a larger representation of Cana- 
dian Knowltons here to witness the very hearty greeting which 
attended the reception of the toast to which I have the honor to 
respond. Perhaps, however, by reason of the very lack of which I 
speak I may be able to say a few words about that people not pos- 
sible were they here in larger numbers. 

I have traveled to some extent in Canada, and whenever and 
wherever the name has met me I have tried to find out something 

of its owner, and I am proud to say here to-night that the prevail- 
ing view with reference to that name is that it stood for honesty and 
integrity of purpose. (Applause). With that experience behind me 
in Canada joined to the more recent experience — and certainly not 
less pleasant ones in the United States — I feel sure these traits, or 
characteristics, dominant in the brothers of Ipswich, must be trans- 
mitted by them and surely descended to their posterity. 

This to me is a memorable occasion. We come from widely 
scattered places on this continent, some of us being loyal voters ot 
different systems of government and different policies, but those 
divisions cannot limit nor determine friendships. I was born a 
British subject, and, if you will allow me to say so, I rather hope to 
die under the Canadian flag (applause), and yet as I stand here 
to-night there comes to my mind a few words spoken in the House 
of Commons in 1867 by the Right Hon John Bright. A statement 
was made that it would be a grand and glorious idea if the Provinces 
stretching across this wide continent could be welded together, and 
that idea was finally greeted in the British North American in 1867, 
and on the occasion of the passing of that act Mr. Bright arose in 
the House, and when the proposition looking to the cementing 
together of the northern half of that continent was before that House 
he said, "I see a broader vision before my gaze; I see one vast 
confederation stretching to the North, to the South, and from the 
wide billows of the Atlantic coast westward to the more placid bor- 
ders of the Pacific main, and I see one people, one language, and 
one thought and faith, and over that wide continent, the home of 
freedom and the refuge of the oppressed of every race and every 
clime." This may be a vision, but it seems to me it is a beautiful 
vision indeed. And these words are in my ears to-night as, on 
behalf of the Knowltons of Canada, I extend across the political line 
that may divide us the hand of fellowship and of kinship, and assure 
you that hereafter across that line we shall ever remember that here 
we have friends, cousins, kindred in whom we are interested and in 
whose welfare we have the heartiest good wishes. (Applause.) 

President Knowlton : We should be remiss on this 
occasion if we should fail to ask some member of our 
family who resides in Boston, what he thinks of our 
Association. We are indebted in many ways to Mr. 

Leslie D. Kiiowlton of Boston, who will now speak to 
the toast of 


" Like brothers they stand by each other, 
Sae knit in alliance are kin." — Burns. 

Responded to by Mr. Leslie D. Knowlton of 
Boston, Mass. 

The first thought which comes to me as I stand here before 
you recalls to my memory the first time I was Cdlled upon to address 
a goodly company. The occasion was a graduation exercise; a 
fellow classmate and myself were to perform an experiment in 
chemistry, namely the analysis of two kinds of drinking water. In 
testing for lime the element which denotes the hardness of the water, 
I proceeded as follows: "I add five cubic centimeters of soap solu- 
tion and shake thoroughly." This little speech struck the company 
as being a trifle personal and immediately the house was filled with 
laughter. My poor comrade was obliged to repeat this operation 
several times and each time was greeted with great applause. 

I wish to state to-night that I am shaking thoroughly (not 
perhaps to determine the hardness of the assembled company), but 
with pride and pleasure at the honor I have in addressing this 
Association. An association of associations, formed by the ties of 
blood. In this age when we have societies formed by almost every 
conceivable tie, social, political, financial, etc., what could be more 
appropriate, more binding, than one formed by the ties of heredity. 

This is a meeting in part of strangers, yet being members of 
one great family, who should be friends at the outset, even before 
we have met each other; a long acquaintance is not needed to 
ensure kindly greetings. Each one should feel that he has a true 
friend in every member of the Association; a friend who is ready 
and willing to help him whenever occasion requires and where he 
stood alone before he will now find himself one of a great army, 
powerful and beautiful. He will claim with pride his membership 
in our Association and with still greater pride our ancestors. 

There exists an old Norwegian legend which says that when a 
great man passes away from this world the intellect, courage and 
honor that he possessed is transmitted to the babe born at the same 
hour of the demise. Applying this theory to our case many great 


men's good qualites must have been transmitted to many of the 
members of our Association, noted for their uprightness and staunch 
characters, which have made them faithful members of society and 
honorable citizens in every respect. Taking this theory as a fact, 
what a tremendous job for the person who would undertake to 
apply it to the Smiths, Browns, or Jones of this country. 

Family traditions and associations, I firmly believe have 
become, and are still becoming the strong support of society at 
large. The man whom circumstance has deprived even of the 
simple rudiments of education will point with pride to the ancestors 
of his blood, who have performed some great act of heroism in 
times past. Going still further, it is a part of our duty, as it were, 
to constantly aim to foster still more the traditions of one's family. 

It is necessary to go back but a little way to see that our 
ancestors were worthy of our attention. I cite for instance, the 
instigation of the formation of this Association, the erection of the 
statue of Colonel Thomas Knowlton, at Hartford, Ct. Is there one 
here to-night whose heart is not filled with pride at the thought of 
his being one of our ancestors ? He is but one and there are many. 
But how shall we find out who these many are ? Shall we leave it 
to be done by one and then all receive the benefits? No ! 

We have founded this Association for two reasons, first, to 
bring all of our blood together, that we may know each other, and 
second, to attain that strength necessary to search all the archives 
of history and make our ancestors, their bravery and fidelity known 
and honored by all mankind and venerated by ourselves. 

The pleasures of the family circle are peculiar, and though 
many are thus encircled the gratification is not diminished. No 
one can survey this large company without unwonted emotions. 
It is surely well and just to " remember the days of old " and the 
men as well, who by their sacrifices in any department of human 
endeavor or toil have set forward the state of human progress. 

Long may our Association live, large may it grow, and great 
may its influence be. 

President Knowlton : The next toast of the even- 
ing relates to a subject in which we all feel a deep 
personal interest. The gentleman who is assigned to 
respond to it is one who needs no introduction, for we 
all know him and he knows us all ; Rev. Dr. Stocking. 


He has already told us something of the Knowlton 
Association, but I have no doubt he wishes to add 
something more. 


"I think there is much more juice in this meat." — Old Adage. 

Responded to by Rev. Charles H. W. Stocking, 
D. D., East Orange, N. J. 

I am reminded by the hour, and by the necessity which has 
come to many to depart before this time, that I must be very brief 
in what I may have to say, but I think while at great disadvantage 
at appearing at this point in the programme, yet there is a conspicu- 
ous and recognized advantage, for with very singular fitness, and 
with a very happy appreciation of the suitableness of things, I have 
been placed where all articles with my name belong, at the foot. 
(Laughter and applause.) 

We are here to-night, my friends, simply because there have 
been in the world makers of history; because men have gathered 
up the threads of fact and woven them into tissue which we call his- 
tory, genealogy. For that reason and that reason only are we here 
to-night, to rejoice in the record made by the ancestors of this great 
existing and never to be extinguished family. I heartily sympa- 
thized with the distinguished President elect of this body when he 
referred to the good-looking character of those present, and it goes 
without saying that one of the difficulties a historian is constantly 
meeting with is that the female members of this great and glorious 
family retain their Knowlton name for so short a time; not only 
that, but even the male members of the Knowlton family are par- 
ticularly attractive, for in my historical researches I found that seven 
women would not permit one male member to say "nay," and he 
has, therefore, fallen into the institution of Mormonism. (Laughter.) 

The historian meets with three classes oi people, some of whom 
are entirely satisfied with the thing that now is; others out in a 
wider periphery of human experience, and ambition, are content to 
gather what lies within their own history, but others being anxious to 
drink of the waters of traditional glory, fond of actual experience, 
desire to know what shall come down to them from the past; so the 
historian has to deal with these three classes. The first class almost 
never responds to his circulars and appeals for family records A 


great many of them have no records, leaving me to infer that they 
never had any bibles in which to record. Now I want to say with 
all seriousness that you have a record of one side of the family, but 
that record is of a military character. But this record is by no 
means the whole of it. When Bishop Williams, of Connecticut, 
was recently officiating in a diocese at Connecticut, at the close of 
one of his sermons a man said to him, "Bishop, I am glad to see 
you. That was a grand sermon ; it made my blood tingle, and if 
you don't lay out the sinners I don't know who can. That was a 
very fine sermon, but it don't begin to compare with a sermon you 
preached fifteen years ago, and the next time you come here I want 
you to preach it over again." 

Bishop Williams said, "Well, what was the text of the 
sermon ? " 

"Well, I don't remember what the text was, it was a grand 

" Well, if you don't remember the text, what was the subject, 
the idea, I must have some means of identifying it ? " 

" I don't know what the text was, or the subject, but it was a 
grand sermon, and I want you to preach it again the next time you 
are here." 

" How can I preach it unless you give me some clue ? Is there 
not some feature that you can recall ? 

The man thought a minute and said, " Yes, I have got it now; 
you were talking about the necessity of everybody believing some- 
thing, and thinking they must have a creed and living up to that 
creed, and you urged the necessity of some standard of theology, 
but, you said, ' Brethren, I want you to understand that theology is 
not the whole of religion by a damn sight.' " (Laughter and 

The military record of the Knowltons is not the whole thing by 
a long sight, for there are men in civic life as well as in military and 
political life. There are men in mercantile life to-day bearing the 
name of Knowlton that are touching the strings of activity all over 
the country, and they are leaving their mark indellibly on their day 
and generation and your own generations that are yet to come out 
of the womb of time. 

This history intends to go forward and complete itself within 
the next year. In order to do that as we have taken into our arms 
the Canadian cousins, it is my purpose within a short time to 


go abroad. I have a transmitted line from 1520 to 1632 already, 
andif the traditions that lie back of 1520 be correct, and which I 
hope to establish by a careful research in every department of 
research of historical and geneaological record of the old world, I 
believe you will have a history to hand down to your children that 
can never be expressed by any commercial value whatever, but 
they will be proud to read, that you shall be proud to bequeath to 
them, the record of those ancestors concerning whom the Attorney- 
General of this State has discriminatingly said, "that while we may 
not expect to enter into the glory of our lathers we must not diminish 
our own personal pride by referring to the qualities that made them 
what they were, and which it is to be hoped are transmitted to us 
to follow after." 

That is in substance the scope of that history. I have tabu- 
lated already eight thousand names, and probably without doubt I 
shall be called upon to classify thirteen thousand, and I hope that 
every one present who has not responded to the circular sent out 
will do so, giving me the most information possible, and lighting up 
that record by relating incident and anecdote so that it will not be 
like that ancient record of Divine Word which says that "Abraham 
begat Isaac, and he died, and Isaac begat Jacob and he died, and 
Daniel begat Amos and he died." We want a history to be some- 
thing more than that. 

I am going to detain you just long enough to touch upon one 
subject that has not been alluded to. Everything that has been 
said before has been with reference to your forefathers, and it 
appears to me to be not inappropriate that I should express briefly 
a few thoughts about the women of the Knowlton family. 


They lived in good old-fashioned times, old-fashioned names they 

Most sweet to spouse and lover, we know them now no more. 
The only Sallys in our day are those that soldiers make 
From frowning granite ports, when they their enemies would take. 
Polly was once a comely maid in cotton and alapaca, 
Pythagorean biped now she cries, " I want a cracker." 
When cares like a wild deluge came and sorrows storms swept o'er 

The Knowltons "ran with Patience the race then set before them." 

But the only Patients in this day, are those that have to swallow 
The castor oil and pills of those whom I so soon must follow. 
Fair Ruths there were, as sweet as she on Revelation's page 
But though we have the Holy Writ this is a Ruthless age. 
The dear old Knowlton Marys how seldom will you see. 

For now their fair grand-daughters write "je suis votre chere 

As thus I muse of quaint old names that Knowlton mothers bore, 

I'm thinking of three maids with whom I went to school of yore. 

A black eyed Faith, a brown eyed Hope, a blue eyed Charity. 

The last I loved because she was " the greatest of the three." 

I used to stand on dunce's block my little piece to speak. 

And looking timidly at her with piping voice would squeak, 

" Tho' with tongues of men and angels I speak with utterance 

And have not Charity, I am but brass — a tinkling cymbal." 

Another maid, Mehitable, would break into a giggle. 

While naughty Knowltons, in their seats with fun would shake and 

As through the air from pop-gun sped potatoes on my brow, 

'Twas clear they thought Me-hit-a-ble, perchance you think so now. 

Those dear old Knowlton women and their honest buxom girls 

Had neither "rats" nor "switches" nor artificial curls. 

They lived in blissful ignorance of all those paints and dyes, 

By which some modern women tell most outrageous lies. 

The only hoops those Knowltons knew were those that firmly held 

The oaken wash tub strong and those that Indians yelled. 

Their fair yet useful hands had a more serious work to do 

Than grasp the festive " cycle" to play the Kangaroo. 

They had to wield a musket, and learned to "draw a hair" 

On many a skulking red skin, on panther and on bear, 

And when their sons and husbands heard their country's call to 

Those Knowlton women seized the plow and bravely tilled their 

Hast ever seen their bonnets ? They well disowned the name, 
As large as pulpit sounding boards, so far in front they came 
That would one try to feast upon a pretty Knowlton face, 
He had to look down such a lane of ribbons and of lace 
It seemed liked gazing at the stars through leghorn telescopes. 
And reading there in Heaven's own face, the issue of his hopes. 


Ah ! me those noble women, what pumpkin pies they made, 
So deep and luscious that a boy might roll his pants and wade. 
And eat and eat again. And in the witching autumn night. 
They circled round the hay stack beneath the pale moonlight, 
And stripped the silken garments from off the golden corn. 
Until a faint blush in the east proclaimed the coming morn. 
Perchance 'tis but a fancy, but I suspect that here 
In husking corn men first began to " get up on their ear." 
Around the blazing chimney fire they used to nightly sit, 
And while the men their toddy mixed the women knit and knit, 
I see them now as in their old arm chairs they're gently rocking, 
And think how from so long a yarn should come so short a Stocking. 

President Knowlton : I regret to say that Mr, 
Mitchell who was expected to respond to the last toast 
on "Allied Families," is unable to be present, and that 
toast we shall have to postpone. 

We have come to the end, but I doubt not there 
are persons here, and I trust there may be many, who 
have matter of one kind or another of interest to the 
family which will be interesting to hear. 

Voice : I should like to find out who is the oldest 
Knowlton in the audience ; oldest of the Knowlton 

President Knowlton : I trust you will not all speak 
at once. 

Voice : I have a father seventy-eight. 

President Knowlton : Mrs. Knowlton of Glouces- 
ter, who has left for home, said in my hearing that she 
was about eighty years of age. 

This is leap year ; it is in order for ladies to ask 

After singing " America," those present adjourned 
to the parlors, where "good-byes" were said and the 
Second Reunion came to an end. 



An informal Knowlton "Sta^" Dinner was ^iven 
at the Hotel Martin, New York City, 23 vXprii, 1897, at 
which were present : 

Colonel Julius Knowlton, of BridQ;eport, Ct. 
Mr. Mark D. Knowlton, of Rochester, N. V. 
Mr. George H. Fitts, of Ashford, Ct. 
Mr. Miner R. Knowlton, of Poughkeepsie, N. V. 
Mr. Eben Knowlton, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Mr. Charles Sumner Knowlton, of Philadelphia, Pa. 
Rev. C. H. W. Stocking, D. D. (the Historian), of East 

Orange, N. J. 
Mr. William Herrick Griffith (the Secretary), of 
Albany, N. Y. 

Many regrets were read from Knowltons who had 
expected to he present. 

A very interesting informal talk followed the repast. 

The Historian made a statement of his work from 
the beginning of the History to date, and showed 
several of the illustrations which were to appear in the 
History, as well as portraits of individuals. He also 
stated that the work was about ready for the press, and 
would probably be in the publisher's hands very shortly. 

in iHcmoviixm, 

(GCOVQC (C. ivuovultou. 

Mr. Knowiton joined this Association December 

15, 1895, and was greatly interested in all its aims and 

purposes He was a resident of St. Louis, Mo., and 

prominently identified with Western railroads. He died 

in December, 1896, and was about sixty-five or seventy 

years of age. 

(The Secretary requested a more minute sketch of Mr. Knovvl- 
ton's life from his son, but up to the hour of going to press it had 
not been furnished, but will be found in the History). 

lyXvs, J'B^hI Min ivuciuilton. 

Mrs. Knowiton joined the Association as a Charter 
Member, 13 November, 1895. She held membershi}) by 
right of marriage to a Knowiton. After a long and 
painful illness she passed to eternal rest at the home of 
her daughter, Mrs. E. H. Griffith, at Albany, N. V., 
August 20, 1897. She was the daughter of Leonard 
Rowe and Susan Freeman Rowe of Dutchess County, 
and was born November 15, 1812, during the exciting 
scenes incident to the second struggle for independence. 


As her father responded to the eall to arms, and as her 
maternal grandfather and great grandfather w^ere both 
officers in the Continental army during the Revolutionary 
War, being a descendant also, as she was, of eight Colonial 
officers, it is not surprising that Mrs. Knowlton also 
inherited that strength of character, courage and forti- 
tude for which her sires were remarkable. Her father's 
family was one of the first to settle in Dutchess County, 
N. Y., Johannes Row, or Rauh, as it was then spelled, 
coming there from Rhine Germany, with the Palatines 
at the beginning of the last century, and holding a grant 
of land in the Nine Partners tract near the present town 
of Amenia, N. V. Her mother, Susan Freeman's 
family, was also a prominent one in Dutchess County, 
she being sixth in descent from Governor Robert Treat, 
of Connecticut, and seventh from Governor Thomas 
Prence of Plymouth Colony. About the year 1810, 
Mrs. Knowlton's father removed from Dutchess to 
Rensselaer County, N. V., locating in the town of 
Schodack, where she was born. She was married to her 
late husband, George Washington Knowlton, May 23, 
1832, at Troy, Rensselaer County, N. Y. After their 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Knowlton resided at Greenbush 
and Nassau, N. Y.. and since her husband's death, 
which occurred in 1884, Mrs. Knowlton has lived with 
her daughter in Albany; for the past four or five years 
having been more or less an invalid and in delicate 
health. In early life she was a devout member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, but upon her removal to 
Albany, identified herself with the Presbyterian faith, 
being: at the time of her death a communicant of the 
State Street Church. A devoted and consecrated 
Christian, she bore up under a long and painful illness 

with _o;rcat fortitude and patience, nev^er complaining, 
but ever mindful, even in the midst of her suffering, of 
the welfare of others. Her own unselfish life and 
character was the best evidence of her trust in her 
Saviour, and her silent influence and many deeds of 
kindness will be sadly missed in the family circle of 
which she was a loved and revered member. 

Meml)ers are requested in future to advise the Secretary of all births, marriages, 
or deaths, for publication in the Year Hook. 


,,„.<;" for "Descendenls." 
A TA "Descendants wi 

rule Page. "«« "f "„*,•• for ".iese'- •" 

. ,^Frances"for"Franc^s. 

^ : iX^^^£;::;'ana"any.'' 
"I' » lo, "are" should be inserted 
t " 28 "Ethan" ior "Nathan, 
f; » i conima for semi-colon^ ^ 

62, 3i' . ^.., c„r "patroitism. 

. 9, "patriotism ^"-^P j,^, ..nevertheless." 

'': . ': "Obtained from Char -11, as ^ 
 ^^' ' Geor,eIl,aslateasi7U 

7 should be a period anei »union." 

7. "'" . „ „ lale as 1714- 


3,,..Ge„e,a,Io«e 'C,J»,^^,, 

" 10. "miaiuii"— , 

73' .. ,; uThomas" for "Dameh 

73' . ',; omit the word "John. 
7^' . , "one" for "o^es." 



with o^rcat fortitude and patience, never complainintr, 
hut ever mindful, even in the midst of her suffering, of 
the welfare of others. Her own unselfish life and 
character was the best evidence of her trust in her 
Saviour, and her silent influence and many deeds of 
kindness will he sadly missed in the family circle of 
which she was a loved and revered member. 

Members are requested in future to advise the Secretary of all births, marriages, 
or deaths, for publication in the Year Book. 



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