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Full text of "Prostitution in London, with a comparative view of that of Paris and New York, with an account ..."

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35- 


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REVIEWS 

OF 

DR. RYAN'S WORKS. 



I. 

THE PHYSICIAN'S VADEMECUM, or a Manual of 
the Princii^es and Practice of Medicine and treatment 
of Diseases. Greatly enlarged, and adapted to the 
present state of Science. By Michael Ryan, M.D. &c. 
1837. 

Five thousand copies of Dr. Ryan's edition of this work have been sold 
within four years. 

The late Dr. Hooper expressed great gratification at the maner in which 
Dr. Ryan edited this work in 1833. It is now (1837) much more improved. 

Part I. — Physiology, Pathology, and Therapeutics. By Dr. Ryan. 

Part II. — Practice of Medicine. 

1. Fevers, Continued — Typhus, Intermittent, Remittent, Eruptive, Scar- 
latina, Small Pox, &c. Dr Hooper and Dr. Ryan. 

2. Diseases of the Skin. Hair, and Nails. Dr. Ryan. 

3. Diseases of the Bram and Spinal Marrow. Dr. Ryan. 

4. Diseases of the Heart and large Blood-vessels. Dr. Ryan. 

5. Diseases of the Rcspiiatory Organs, Air Tubes, and Lungs. Dr. 
Hooper and Dr. Ryan. 

6. Diseases of the Digestive Organs, Stomach, Intestines, Liver, Spleen, 
&C. Dr. Hooper and Dr. Ryan. 

7. Diseases of the Geni to-Urinary Organs, Kidneys, Bladder, Urethra, 
Vagina. Uterus, and Ovaries. Dr. Ryan. 

8. Diseases of the Senses— of the Eye, Tongue. Ear, and Nose. 

9. Diseases of ihe Cellular, Mucous, Serous, Synovial, Muscular, Tendv* 
nous. Osseous, and Glandular Tissues. Dr. Ryan. 

" It is a service rendered to physicians, to prepare for them a compen- 
dium of what is most essential in practice ; but such a work cannot be done 
but by an experienced and clever physician. The Vademecum to which 
we allude has these advantages. 

" The foundation of the work belongs to the late Dr. Hooper, but th« 
improvements, and the discriminate and talented selection of the most 
positive progress of the healing heart, are due to Dr. Ryan. Indeed, we 
feel happy to have this opiwrtunity of giving our opinion on the incessant 
and valuable contributions, with which this gentleman has enriched the 
medical literature of his own country. The Vademecum of Dr. Ryan con- 



Dr. Ryan's Works, 

tains, iu the most lucid and yet condensed manner, all that it is necessary 
to know in the practice of the present day — the etiology, symptomatoloffy, 
and — seraeiotic have been considerably enlarged ; the article on auscultation 
contains the latest improvements — that on diseases of the skin, of the heart, 
of the respiratory, digestive, and genito-urinary organs, contains such 
valuable aud progressive additions, that this Vademecum is stamped more 
with the talented judgment of Dr. Ryan, than with the original plan of Dr. 
Hooper, who necessarily would be a little behind in time. We are of 
opinion this Vademecum reflects ^reat credit on Dr. Ryan, and we think a 
translation of it would be well received on the Continent." — The Continental 
and British Medical Review, August 1838. — Edited by Dr. Bureaud Riofrey. 
The sale of this work since its publication has been almost unprecedented. 
It is a text book in every medical school in the kingdom, and is in the 
possession of a large portion of medical students and practitioriers. 

II. 

A MANUAL OF MIDWIFERY; or Compendium of 
Gynfficology and Pffidonosology; comprising an Account 
of the Symptoms and Treatment of tne most important 
Diseases of Women and Children, with the Manage- 
ment of the various forms jDf Parturition. Third edition 
—Plates. 

** A work replete with useful information." — Goodie Study of Medicine, 
by Professor S. Cooper, 1830. — Cooper's Surgical Dictionary, 1830, art. 
Cesarean Section. 

** The work of Dr. Ryan evinces considerable research, discrimination, 
acuteness of observation and talent" — Medico-CMrurgical Review. 

•* Dr. Ryan's work will contribute, in a high degree, to maintain the 
respectability and importance of Midwifery. It contains, according to its 
size, more useful information on the subject than any work with which we 
are acquainted. Instead of spreading out the subject into an extensive 
systematic treatise, the author has drawn together all the facts both in 
ancient and modem writing, and has condensed them into 353 duodecimo 
pages. (The present edition extends to 737 pages) Every page of it is 
fml of information, highly interesting to the practitioner; and we feel 
satisfied that it will be appreciated by every scientific member of the pro- 
fession." — London Medical and Surgical Journal. — Late Kditore. 

'* Your Manual appears to me to contain a great deal of most useful 
information, in a very concentrated form. I have no doubt that it must 
prove useful to the profession, more especially to the younger part, who, 
from its size, can carry it along with them and consult it when they wish 
to refresh their memory on any point on which they may have doubt" — 
JSxtract of a Letter fi'om Professor Bums, of Glasgow, Author of the Ele- 
ments of Midwifery to the Author. 

'* M. Ryan vient de faire en Angleterre pour les accouchemens, ce que 
M. Le Professeur Duges et M. Tarvenier avaient fait en France, pour la 
in£me branche de I'art et pour la chirurgie. 

" Ce Professeur pour supplier a quelques lacunes qui existment dans les 
ouvrages du m3me genre publics avant le sien, s'est attach^ 4 faire con- 
naitre les maladies des organes de la g^n Oration, celles qui se developent 
nendant la grossesse, apres I'accouchement, et enfin les afftections propres a 
I'enfant nouveau n^. 

'* Aux mots g6n^ralement usit^s. M. Ryan a cru devoir substituer des 
expressions nouveiles, telles que. gynsecologie, g[ynaKM)tomie, gynaecophysio- 
lo^e, parthenosologie tokologie, &c. dec, qui forment autant le chapitres 
dans les quels il examine a fond toutes les questions qui s'y rapportent. 
Lc Manuel d' Accouchement de M. Ryan est un livre destine a devenir 
classique, aussi croyons nous devoir le recommander aux ^tudiens de Paris 
et de Moutpellier, qui veulent 6tre au courant des progres decette partie de 



Dr, Ryan* 8 Works, 

la chlnirgie chez nos confirdres d'outre mer."— Dr. Martinet » Revue Medi- 
caJe Francaise Ktrangere. 

** M. Ryan a resemble, dans un manuel fort bien r^um^e ce qu'on 
possede ile mieux sur la tocologie." — Trait Complet de VArt des Accouche- 
meru, <5-c. 4-c. Par Alf. VelpeaUf Professeur de Clinique Chirutgicale, 4-c. 
4«. Troisieme edition, 1835. 

** Though we have an utter abhorence at all ' royal roads' to practical 
Midwifery and its relations, as explained in the title-page of this work> we 
are, nevertheless, bound to confess, that the auSior has redeemed his pro- 
mise with more success than has been done in any work we have yet seen, 
which purported to be a ' ManuaL* The author appears to have been 
laborious in research ; and to possess the happy art of condensing the sense 
of his authorities, without destroying the spirit of their meaning. He 
appears truly (as he declares it was his intention) ' to compress, in a small 
compass, all the valuable matter connected with the anatomy, pathology, 
and therapeutics of the organs peculiar to females, and to have furnished 
his readers with the opinions of many authors that cannot be consulted in 
this country. This culling is acceptable to all readers ; and is particularly 
Taloable to those who may be desirous of consultin;; the literature upon 
the various subjects of which he treats. He rarely fails to instruct by his 
erudition, and as seldom misleads bv his practical precepts, or his thera- 
peutical views ; he appears to be well qualified to choose, from the many 
sources to which he has resorted, as he manifests a tact for selecting, which 
can only be derived from both experience and correct reasoning. In a word, 
it is a work that we can confi(ientally recommend, not only as safe to 
follow, so far as his directions go, but as one frota which the exi)erienced 
and well-instructed practitioner may find considerable information, and 
uuder these impressions we do most cordially recommend its perusal to the 
American public." — American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 

** Dr. Ryan has done great credit to his own talents and learning, and a 
service to mankind by his industry." — 'NxMrih American Medical and Sur- 
gical Journal. 

" This work contains three times more matter, according to its sice, than 
any one we have seen."— Merfico/ Gazette, 1832. 

IlL 

A MANUAL OF MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE; 

compiled from the latest Medical and Legal works; 
intended for the use of Barristers, Solicitors, Coroners^ 
Magistrates, Jurors, and Medical Practitioners. 

" This work, which is an elementary compilation from the best authors, 
interspersed with nnaay origitial and acute observations, we can only notice 
briefly, since it is as incapable of being analysed as a dictionary. If the author 
only Udd claim to the merit of indtustry, that merit would be not a little 
laudaUe; but he is. in fact, possessed of great talent as a learned writer, a 
judicious compiler, and an instructive lecturer. The ability and diligence 
with which he conducts our contemporary, the Medical and Surgical 
Journal, have made him quickly and very favourably known throughout 
the profession ; and the versatility of his talents as an author and a teacher 
m exceedingly creditable in so young a man. 

'* Dr. Ryan's object, in this cheap and well-constructed volume, is to 

Jive a concise, yet comprehensive view of the received principles of Medical 
urisprudence, and to collect in a small c< mpass, the scattereil and isolated 
fkcta fnm the standard works of legal and medical writers. In many por* 
tioBs of the work, however. Dr. R, is not a mere compiler ; for, in both 
the ethical and legal chapters, he has interwoven a great deal of original — 
and, what is of more conseciuence . of enlightened, libeial, and independant 
remarks, which cannot fail, if duly appreciated to be of great use to all 
rimsni of the profession, but more especuUy to the junior members The 
laws relating to the different orders of the faculty, in these kingdoms, are 



Ur, Ilyan'9 WorJit. 

more cTearly enunciated, and more succinctly compiled, than in any other 
publication in the English or any other language. In the selections cm 
medical evidence and the adulteration of alimentary matters, much original 
and important information is eoncentrated in a small space. We have, 
indeed, been astonished that Dr. Ryan has been able to oedicate so much 
time to the laborious research which this vtdume displays, considering his 
other avocations as an editor, a lecturer, and a practitioner. After this 
declaration it is hardly necessary to say. that we recommend the work." — 
Mediefh-Chirurgical Review. Edited by Drr James Jtdinson. 

" The main object of Dr. Ryan has been to afford the cnreatest quantum 
of information in the smallest compass, and in the mast famifiar manner ; 
or, in ,&ct, to simplify the subject as mudi as possible, so as to render it 
faitelligible to every class of medical practitioners, as weK as to gentlemen 
of the bar, jurymen, and even general readers. Tliis task the author has 
executed in a satisfactory manner ; and although we do not agree with him 
in some points, we are acquainted with no work on Medical Jurisprudence 
that presents so much valuable infomuution, in so condensed and yet so 
clear a form. Dr. Ryan has freely availed himself of the labours of his 
predecessors in this department of Knowledge; and it is one peculiar merit 
of his, that he frankly acknowledges hi» obligations to his fellow labourers 
in science, and that ne never avails himself of the observations of others 
without giving them due credit ; this is so rare in the present book-making 
age, that we are happy in holding up our author's scrupulous attention in 
* rendering unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's,' as an example by which 
we might all profit. 

** An American edition of it, with such additions and alterations as may 
be required to adapt it to the jurisprudence of this country, would we think. 
be a valuable addition to our medical and legal libnuies; not as a substitute 
for the more extended work of Dr. Beck, but as a catalogue raiaonnd of the 
various questions in which jurisprudence calls on her sister science for 
elucidation."— ^m^rjcan Journal of the Medical Sciences, Nov. 1. 1831.* 

" This work is calculated to attract the attention of professional men, 
and, indeed of the general reader, by the variety of its matter and per- 
spicuity of style." — Herald. Courier. 

'* It is replete with interesting and valuable information " — literary 
Canette, Sun, Globe. 

** It is invaluable to medical practitioners, and may be consulted safely 
by the legal proHession." — Week^ Dispatch. 

IV. 

THE PHILOSOPHY OF MARRIAGE, in its Social, 
Moral, and Physical Relations, and on the Diseases of 
the Genito-Urinary Organs, which impair or destroy 
their functions, with the Physiology of Generation in 
the y^etahle and animal kingdoms, being part of a 
eourse of Lectures on Obstetric Medicine, annually 
delivered in London. Fourth edition in the press. 

" In the whole range of bibliography there b not a more taking title. 
The work will have a prodigious sale, and does not contain a word which 
ought not to be known to medical practitioners." — Dr. Johnson's Medieo- 
Chirurtrical Review, July, 1838. 

One thousand five hundred copies of this work have been disposed of in 
one year, and another edition of three thousand is about to go to press 
The work has met with the approbation of many medical philanthropists, 
and other distinguished personages, including clergymen or everv denomi- 
nation. The author has a voluminous correspondence to this effect. 

* An American edition was published by Professor Griffith. 



J>r, Ryan'9 Worki. 

V. 

Third Edition in two years — In the Frees, greatly 
enlarged and improved, 

THE UNIVERSAL PHARMACOPCEIA OF HOS- 
PITALS, of England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Ger- 
many, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Russia, and 
America : or, a Conspectus of Prescriptions of the most 
eminent Physicians and Surgeons, in Medicine, Surgery, 
aadObstetncy — of MM. Magendie, Lugol, Dupuytren, 
Alib^t, &c. ; with the doses and modes of administra- 
tion of all new and ordinary Medicines, action of Medi- 
cines on the Animal Economy, and rules for prescribing 
and compounding Medicines. Translated from the 
new French edition of MM. Milne Edwards and P. 
Vayasseur, and conuderably augmented by Michael 
Ryan, M.D. &c 

^ One of the most valuable Vademecums we have ever seen." — Medico- 
Chirurgical RevieWt Oct. 1835. 

•• Upon the whole, we can very properly recommend this work, not only 
to our readers in general, but to those medical men in particular who, amid 
the wear and tear of practice, sink into a hurtful sterility of prescription, 
and take up the convenient doctrine that there are only naif a dozen good 
medicines in the world." — British and Foreign Medical Review, Julp, 

183a 

" A sort of Polyglot Pharmacopceia."— Medico/ Gazette. 

VI. 

THE MEDICO - r.HIRURGICAL PHARMACO- 
PCEIA ; or, a Conspectus of the best Prescriptions : con- 
taining an account of all new medicines, doses, &c. — 
Magendie's and Lugol's Formularies — the Improve- 
ments in the London Pharmacopoeia — New Nomencla- 
tnxe— the Treatment of Poisoning — Dislocations, Frac- 
tures, and natural and difficult Parturition. 

*« A vast mass of information is in this little work, all useful at the bed- 
side of sicknesa, or in the short hour of leisure from professional toils and 
aroaetiea." — Dr. Jehnetm'e Review, Jttly, 1838. 

Two editions of this little work, one thousand eadi, were required 
daiiqg tiM last year, 1838. 

VIL 

Obstetric Aphorisms on the manag^ent of natural and 
difficult Parturitions, Puerperal TXiseases, and the Phy- 
sical management of Infuits. 



Ht^ Ryan's Works. 

VlIL 

Prostitution in London, with a comparative View of that 
of Paris and New York^ as illustrative of the capitals 
and large towns of all countries ; and proving moral 
depravation to be the most fertile source of crime, and 
of personal and social misery, with an account of the 
Nature and Treatment of the Various Diseases caused 
by the abuses of the Reproductive Function. Illustrated 
by numerous plates. 

IX. 

A complete Atlas of Midwifery, containing thirty-four 
plates, and one hundred and twelve figures, illustrative 
of the Science and Practice of Obstetricy ; with descrip- 
tive and practical remarks ; being a companion to all 
elementary and systematic works on the subject, and 
the first perfect delineation of this branch of surgery 
hitherto published in this country. The work will 
appear in ten monthly numbers, each containing sixteen 
pages 8vo. of letter-press, with three highly finished 
plates, averaging three figures on each. 

X. 

A complete Manual of Auscultation and Percussion, ap- 
plied to the Diagnosis of Diseases of the Heart, Lungs, 
Abdominal and relvic Viscera; with an account of me 
Treatment of Phthisis, Asthma, &c. 

The author has condensed the conclusions of all modem 
celebrated authors, and added the results of his own 
personal experience. The substance of this work ap- 
peared in the London Medical and Surgical Journal, 
Vol. IX., 1836, edited by him, and afterwards in the 
Physicians' Vademecum. He felt much interest in this 
class of diseases, as two of his relatives and namesakes 
had written on Asthma and Pulmonary Consumption, 
and he was determined to describe these diseases, as well 
as those of the Heart, in strict accordance with the pre- 
sent state of science. He has published several most 
interesting and distressing diseases of the heart, which 
were relieved by a new mode of treatment. 



NEW WORKS 

PUBIilSHED BT 

H. BAILLIERE, 

219, REGENT STREET. 



DR. ROBERT WILLIS'S 
ILLUSTRATIONS OF CUTANEOUS DISEASES. 

A Series of Delineations of the Affections of the Skin in their more interesting and 
frequent forms ; with a Practical Summary of th&i Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treat- 
ment, including appropriate Formiils. 

By ROBERT WILLIS, M.D. 

Licentiate of the Royal College of Fhygiciane, Phytieian to the Royal Infirmary for 

Children* 

The Drawings after Nature; and Lithographed by Arch. Henning. 

ThesA ninstrations will be comprised in about Twenty Fasciculi, in Folio ; the Draw- 
ings will be Origin^, carefully Coloured. 

Eadi Number will comprise Four Subjects, delineated on the same number of Plates. 
The price wiTl be Five Shillings per Number, which will appear regularly on the first 
of each month, till the completion of the Work. 

Three Numbere are cUready out. 



BRITISH ANNUAL, 

AND EFITOMB OF THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE. 
Edited by ROBERT D. THOMPSON, m!d. 

1 voU 12mo. cloth hoards t lettered f Ss. 6d. 

FIRST YEAR. 1837* contains numerous Practical Tables of Weights, Measures, and 
Coins. The popular papers are by the following gentlemen : — 

The Rev. Badkn Powibll — Recent Progress of Optical Science. 

Charlks ToMLrNsoN, Esq. — Experiment and Observations on Visible Vibration and 
Nodal Division, illustrated with 8 wood-cuts. 

W. S. B. WooLHOUSS, Esq. — Recent Progress of Astronomy. 

Thomas S. Daviss, Esq. — The History of Magnetical Discovery, with 3 wood-cuts. 

RoBSBT D. Thomson, M.D.— Recent Progress of Vegetable Chemistry. 

SECOND YEAR, for 1838, 1 vol. 12mo. price 3s. 6d. The popular papers are by 
Thomas Thomson, M.D., Regius Professor of Chemistry in the University of Glasgow 

— Sketch of the History and Present State of Geol(^y. 
RoBSRT E. Grant, Professor of Comparative Anatomy, University of London — On the 

Principles of Classification as applied to the Primary Division of the Animal 

Kingdom, illustrated with 28 wood-cuts. 
RoBJEST D. Thomson, M.D.— Notice of New Chemical Substances discovered during 

the past year.— Life of James Watt, Illustrated with his portrait. 
H. H. LKwrs, Esq.— Table of the Analogous Properties of the Imponderable Agents. 

THIRD YEAR, for 1839, 1 vol ISmo, price ds. 6d. will also contain '^^mVai \«^t% 
by J. Scott Rvseell, Esq., Robert E, Graatj Gamier, Robert D.TYiomwni, 



New Works Published by H. BaiUikre. 
DR. WILLISES RAYER ON THE SKIN. 

A THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL TREATISE ON THE 

DISEASES OF THE SKIN. 

BY P. RAYER, M.D. 

PhytUHan to the HopUal de la Charit4, Paris. 

Second Edition, remodelled and much enlarged, in one thick volume 8vo. of 1300 p9(;es. 
with Atlas* royal 4to. of 26 plates, finely en^ved, and coloured with the greatest care, 
exhibiting 400 varieties of Cutaneous Affections. 4/. 8b. London, 1835. 

The text separate, 8vo. in boards, \l. 8s. The Atlas, 4to. separate in boards, 3/. 10<. 

*' This is an incomparable work on Cutaneoni Diteaset. Some notes are added by the Trans- 
lator, Dr. Willis.*'— Medico-Cbirargical Rtview, July, 1835. 

" Je dois dire, que cet ourrage m'a paia presenter un Tableau complet de I'Etat actnel de la 
science sor cette branrhe de la Pathologie ; que la Tberapeatique surtout a resu de nombreaux et 
dfntiles developpements. 

" Enfin, pour que rien ne manquat a I'utilite et au sucres de cet ourrage, I'auteur a renni dans 
un Atlas pratique la eeneralite des maladies de la Peau ; il les a groupes dans nn ordre systematique 
poor en nciliter le diagnostic ; j's^onterai que lenrs direrses formes y ont ete representees avec 
une fldelite, nne exactitude et une perfection qu'on n'avait pas encore attelntes.** — Brichetau Ar- 
chives GeneraJes de Medecine, Juin, 1835. 

" We bdieve this to be by far the most complete work on the skin that exists in anv lanensige. 
The Atias is the cheapest work we have ever seen, as it contains twenty-six beantifully coloured 
plates, each containing numerous figures." — Medical Gazette, June 27, 1835. 



GRANT'S ANATOMY. 
OUTLINES OF COMPARATIVE ANATOMY. 

BY ROBERT E. GRANT, M.D., F.R.S.L. fc E. 

ProfBUor of Comparative Anatomy and Physiology at the London University College, 
Fuller ian Professor of Physiology at the London Institution 

9vo, Illustrated with 160 wood-cuts. London, 1835—38. 1/. 9s. 
*«* Parts 4 and 5, to complete sets, 4s. each. 



GRANT'S CLASSIFICATION. 
ON THE PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION, 

AS applied to the PRIMARY DIVISIONS of the ANIMAL KINGDOM. 

BY ROBERT E. GRANT, M.D., F.R.S.L. & E. 

ProfBSSor of Comparative Anatomy and Physiology in the London University College, 
Fullerian Profusot of Physiology at the London Institution. 

12ino. Illustrated with 28 wood-cuts. London, 1838. 3s. 6d. 

••* In the British Annual, 1838. 



GRAHAM'S CHEMISTRY. 
ELEMENTS OF CHEMISTRY, 

Including the APPLICATIONS of the SCIENCE in the ARTS. 
BY THOMAS GRAHAM, F.R.S.L. fc E. 
Professor of Chemistry in the London University OAlege. 
Parts 1, 2, 3,-28. each. 



THOMSON'S VEGETABLE CHEMISTRY. 
CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC BODIES-VEGETABLES, 

BY THOMAS THOMSON, M.D., F.R.S.L. & £. 

Regitu PrqffBssor of Chemistry in the University of Glasgow, Corresponding Member of 

the Royal Academy qf Paris, 

One lais;e vol. 8vo. London, lOaB. S4a. 



New Works PublMed by H. Baiaiere. 

WARDROP»S BLOOD-LETTING. 

ON BLOOD-LETTING ; 

An account of the CuratiTe Efllects of the Abstraction of Blood, with Rules for employ- 
ing both local and general Blood-letting in the Treatment of Diseases. 

BY JAMES WARDROP, M.D. 
Surgeon to the latt King. 
12mo. Lond(m. 4s. 

" As a snmmaf^ of our opinions of Dr. Wardrop's Treatise, we are compelled to say that it 
cwnpriaes macta jvdidous and Talnable matter."— Forbes* British and Foreign Medical Journal, 
ialy, 1B3C. 

THE EDINBURGH DISSECTOR; 
OR, SYSTEM OF PRACTICAL ANATOMY. 

For the use of Students in the Dissecting Room. By a Fellow of the College or 
SuAGEONS IN Edinburgh. 1 vol. 12mo. London, 1837* 98. 

" SttdentB 'Will find this to be an exceedingly useful manaal.*'— Medical Gazette, Oct. 2i, 1837 . 



BELINAYE'S LITHOTRIPSY. 
COMPENDIUM OF LITHOTRIPSY ; 

Or, an Account of the Removal of the Stone from the Bladder without Incision ; adapted 
for general comprehension, with a seiies of Statistical Tables, and 45 wood-cuts, repre- . 
!ienting the most important instruments, and improvements up to the present time. 

BY HENRY BELINAYE, ESQ. 

Surf^eon extraordinary to H. R. H. the Duchess of Kent, Medical Officer attached to the 

Embassies of Ft ance and Austria. 

8va London, 1836. 8s. 



LEBAUDY'S ANATOMY. 
THE ANATOMY OF THE REGIONS 

Interested in the Surf^cal Operations performed upon the Human Body, with occasional 
Views of the Pathologies conditions, which render the interference of the Surgeon 
necessary. 

In a Series of 18 Plates on India Paper, the sise of Life. 

BY J. LEBAUDY, M.D. 

With Additions. Folia London, 1835. 1/. 48. 

" At a series of plates, we admire the execution of Mr. Lebaady's work, both for clearness and 
accnracy." — Forbes' British and Foreign Medical Journal, /aly, 1836. 



EVEREST'S HOMCEOPATHY. 
A POPULAR VIEW OF HOMCEOPATHY. 

Exhibiting the Present State of the Sdenoe. 
BY THE REV. T. R. SVEKEST, HECTOR OF WICKWAR. 

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PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 



DE LA PROSTITUTION DANS LA VILLE DE 
PARIS, consid^ree sous le rapport de Thygiene publique^ 
de la morale et de radministration ; ouvrs^e appuye de 
documens statistiques, pulsus dans les archives ae la pre- 
fecture de police, avec cartes et tableaux, par A. J. B. 
Pakent-Duohatelet, Membre du Conseil de Salubrite 
de la Ville de Paris ; detuneme edition^ revue et augmentee, 
ornee du portrait de I'auteur. Paris 1837. 2 forts vols, 
in 8vo. IBs. 

" Pour composer ce livre," dit Tauteur, " j*ai eu recours aux 
documens renfermes dans les archives de la prefecture de 
police. II existe dans cette administration une division con- 
nue sous le nom de bureau des moeurs ; la se trouvent des 
registres et des papiers d'une haute importance. J'ai puise 
largement a cette source pr^cieuse, et je puis dire que c'est 
dans ce bureau que j*ai compost mon livre ; j'en suis redev- 
able a la bienveillance de MM. les prefets de police Delaveau, 
DeheUeyme, Mangin, Girod (de I'Ain), Raude, Vivien, Gia- 
guet, Sec. 

^* II m*a fallu plusieurs ann6es pour achever dans le bureau 
des moeurs le relev6, non seulement des Ventures qu'on y tient 
et des registres qu'on y conserve, mais, encore des dossiers 
individuels, tenus sur toutes ces femmes, qui se trouvent a la 
tSte des maisons de prostitution, et sur chacune des filles pub. 
liques que Padministration a pu soumettre a sa surveillance." 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON, 



COMPARATIVE VIEW 



PARIS AND NEW YORK, 

•S ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE CAPITALS ANE I • -'-^■''•A'-ii*" 
ALL COUNTRIESl AND PR0V1N0 MORAL 
TO BE THE MOST FERTILE SOURCE 




THE NATURE AND TREATMENT OF THE VARIOUS 
DISEASES, CAUSED BY THE ABUSES OF THE 
REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION. 

ILLUSTRATKD BY NUMEROUS PLATES. 
Bt MICHAEL RYAN, M.D., 



H. BAILLIERE, 21», REGENT STREET. 

HIS: J. B. BAILLIERE, RUE DE L'ECuLE DE HBDECINC. 
LEIPSIO : J. A. O. WEIQEL. 



MDCCCXXXLK 



27 £ 



TO 



PHILANTHROPISTS AND PUBLIC FUNCTIONARIES, 

THB FACUlTTKS OF 

LAW, MEDICINE, AND DIVINITY, LEGISLATORS, JUDGES, 
AND ALL ENLIGHTENED INDIVIDUALS ; 

AND MOBE ESPECIALLY 
TO THB 

FOUNDERS, PATRONS, AND GOVERNORS 

OF ALL 

PUBLIC HOSPITALS AND OTHER CHARITIES, 

PARTICULARLY OF 

FEMALE PENITENTIARIES, THE SOCIETIES FOR THE SUPPRESSION 
OF VICE, AND THE PREVENTION OF PROSTITUTION, 

THIS WORK IS 
MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 
BY 

THE AUTHOR. 



PREFACE. 



The author of the following pages cannot fix upon a 
more proper patronage fbr a work of this kind, than that 
of all philanthropic and enlightened individuals^ whose 
compassion for the misfortunes and miseries of all classes 
of society^ and more especially of the female sex, has 
led them to establish public charities^ for the alleviation 
of moral and physical suffering, and the improvement of 
public morals. 

According to our contradictory, anomalous, and absurd 
laws, statute, common, ecclesiastical and civil — ^women are 
most shamefully and inhumanly exposed to seduction, 
prostitution, adultery and ruin ; they seem to be considered 
the lawful prey to the lust, treachery, cruelty, and artifices 
of licentious and profligate men, who may seduce and then 
abandon them at will, as is evinced by that infamous 
charter of libertinism, the Poor Law Bill ; by the irrational 
and unchristian Marriage Laws, which encourage adul- 
terers, fornicators and seducers, while they severally 
punish helpless and degraded women. 

It must be apparent to the very commonest observer, 
that a want of wise legislation in these respects, is the 

h 



VI PREFACE. 

source of all the evils which the disinterested and humane 
endeavours of philanthropists, are intended to prevent 
and remedy. 

It is also ohvious, that a system of laws, which leaves 
the horrid crimes of seduction^ adultery, and other sexual 
vices, not only out of the list of its capital punishments — 
hut even exempts them, as public offences, from any ani- 
madversion whatsoever, in our ecclesiastical, criminal, and 
civil courts of judicature, must promote all those mischiefs, 
which arise from the encouragement that impunity af- 
fords to vice. According to our present laws, any man may 
seduce and abandon at his pleasure as many unfortunate, 
deluded objects of his brutal appetite as he pleases, and 
then consign them to infamy, disgrace, and to the horrible 
alternatives of suicide or infanticide, which are punishable 
with the penalties of transportation for life, or even an ig- 
nominious death. 

The following pages wUl clearly show the alarming in- 
crease of moral depravation, seduction, bastardy, prostitu- 
tion, adultery, and a multitude of other monstrous crimes, 
which philanthropists, legislators, clergy, and public func- 
tionaries endeavour to prevent or diminish. But whilst 
human laws are opposed to the divine and natural, such 
evils will continue. Every effort, therefore, should be made 
by the benevolent to influence the Legislature, and to pro- 
cure laws based upon nature and rdigion. If the Legis- 
lature and Government will take nature tupd the Sacred 
Scripture for their guides, they will find the remedy in 
their own hands; if they will but consult medical ad- 
visers — individuals well acquainted with the subrject — not 
the antiquated members of our medical corporations, 
whom chance and intrigue may have placed in office, they 



PREFACa5« VU 

X 

will l^:i8late wisely; biit not under ordinary circum- 
stances^ which are influenced by ignorance and folly. To 
all desirous of this kind of legislation, this volume is most 
respectfully addressed. 

It wiU be found in the following pages, that the author 
has bad the kind co-operation of the Commissioners of 
Metropolitan Police, the Societies for the Suppression of 
Vice and the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution ; and 
more particularly, that he has obtained the most im- 
portant information from Mr. J. -B. Talbot, the humane 
founder of the truly excellent society last mentioned. He 
has acted in concert with these puUic functionaries, in the 
ardent hope and full expectation of obtaining better l^is- 
lation for the protection of public morals, and the diminu- 
tion of crime and punishment. 

With respect to the second part of the work on Vene- 
real and other Diseases, it was introduced in consequence 
of the suggestions of able reviewers of M. Duchatelet's 
voluminous production, " that the statistical should be 
followed by medical facts; thus connecting causes and 
effects." This arrangement, though decidedly the best, 
has not been hitherto adopted. It renders the work com- 
plete, and is also calculated to diminish much personal and 
social misery. It will deter many from the commission 
of vices most injurious to health, and to the interests of 
society. 

The numerous diseases of the genito-urinary organs are 
illustrated by original drawings, very carefully made by 
the author's former pupil. Dr. Hills ; and the illustrations 
are, perhaps, the most numerous hitherto published, pre- 
senting to the medical student and junior practitioner a 



VIU PREFACE. 

faithful guide to the study of a class of maladies^ too 
much neglected hitherto. 

Were medical critics fair and impartial, it would he un- 
necessary to observe, that none but a fool would ever think 
of referring to a medical work for the excitement of vicious 
passions, as its tendency is certainly the very reverse. 
Nevertheless, such is the unfair spirit of reviewing now-a- 
days, that the author, despite of the best motives, cannot 
expect to escape the unjust censures of certain critics. 
In fact, however wdl-intended may have been the ten- 
dency of his virorks hitherto, they have been unfairly 
attacked and abused by rivals at home, though highly 
commended by contemporaries abroad, as weU as at home. 

At the end of these pages a few hints will be found, 
addressed to this dass of critics, explaining the cause of 
their hostility. 

4« Charlotte-stxeet, Bloomsbury, Bedford-square, 
February 1, 1839. 



CONTENTS. 



PART L 
CHAPTER I. 



Observations on the diseases arising firom venereal abuses, 1 
—Extent of the subject — ^it embraces not only the various 
venereal complaints, but diseases in the head, chest, abdomen, 
and all parts of the body, 2 — Exposure of the ignorance and 
frauds of advertising quacks, 3-^bjections of pseudo- 
moralists, hypocritical and pharasaical persons answered, 4— 
Remarks on prostitution and immorality in modem times — 
during the French revolution in 1789 — in New South Wales 
and other penal colonies, in Paris, London, and New York 
in 1838 — showing the almost universal prevalence of vice, 
crime, and diseases, 8 — Commiseration of persons imposed 
on by ignorant quacks, who ruin their health and plunder 
then^ 9 — No specific remedy— every case requires different 
treatment, 10 — Irrationality of mankind about the reproduc- 
tive funi^on, 11 — ^Most men monomaniacal concerning it, 11 
— Deluded by quack advertisements, hand-bills, &c. 12-— 
Moral depravation in all ages and nations, 13 — Not yet 
fifty years since, — ^horrors— violations, murders, drownings, 
termed republican marriages — ^national baptisms, bathings, &c. 
during the French Revolution, 14-15— Horrible barbarities 
now, 1888, committed in Spain, 15 — Immorality of the igno- 
rant equal in all countries, as fully illustrated by our own 
convicts, who were vitiated at home, 16. 

CHAPTER 11. 

Moral depravation in penal colonies — authentic report of 
the sute of immorality in New South Wales, Van Diemen*s 



X CONTENTS* 

Land, and Norfolk Island, published by Parliament in 1838, 
and attested by twenty-three official witnesses, including 
governors, judges, clergy, &c. 17 — Abstract of Parliamentary 
Report, 18 — Origin of transportation — foundation of the 
colony of New South Wales, 19 — Report of the very Rev. 
Dr. Ullathome on the state of immorality of convicts — the 
natives schooled in horror by English prisoners, 21 — Progress 
of convicts after landing, — and their horrible treatment, 21 — 
Their assignment — their incomparable immorality, 22 — The 
lash the incentive to industry and good conduct, 23 — Number 
of floggings and lashes inflicted, 23 — Punishment shameftilly 
disproportioned, 24 — The chain-gangs— their confinement in 
wooden cribs, so small that they must stand and lie down 
alternately, 24 — Account of female convicts; their immo- 
rality — marriages — almost all drunken and abandoned prosti- 
tutes — objects of constant pursuit and solicitation, 26 — Their 
pregnancies ; — convict men preferred to women as domestic 
servants, 27 — Married women the common property of male 
convict servants, who rob their masters, 27 — The factory or 
prison for females, a lying-in hospital, 28 — To supply the 
scarcity of women, companies sending out ship-loads of free 
and virtuous females from this country, under the falsest 
pretensions of making happy marriages with convicts ! ! ! 
which leads to disappointment and self-abandonment, 28 — 
The penal settlement of Norfolk Island worse than Sodom 
and Gomorrha ; the horrible description of the very Reverend 
Dr. Ullathome, and of the parliamentary report on transporta- 
tion, 29 — Unparalleled degree of immorality,90— Reformation 
— apostrophe to British governments — Tory and Whig, 31 — 
Transportation to Norfolk Island worse than death, 32 — 
Dr. UUathome's laudable motive for writing — ^his heart- 
rending i^peal to the Christian world on behalf of convicts, 
3a 39. 

CHAPTER III. 
PROSTrrunoN in pabis. . 
Commendation of M. Duchatelet*s work by all medical 
reviewers, 40, 41 — Its object to improve public morals in 



CONTENTS. XI 

all countries. Different nations have applied to the French 
magistracy for an account of their sanatory regulations, 42 — 
Which ought to be studied by legislators, judges, magistrates, 
and medical practitioners, 43 — Sections or chapters in M. 
I>uchatelet*s valuable work. Number of prostitutes in Paris 
•—nations which furnish these women, 43 — Chiefly of the 
lower classes; — smallness of remuneration of young women 
— equally applicable to this country, 44, 45 — Education of 
prostitutes — ages from ten to sixty- three years — causes of 
prostitution, 45 — Laziness — misery — vanity — love of fine 
dress — seductions by military officers, students, commercial 
travellers, &c., domestic troubles and ill-treatment of relatives 
and friends — a long sojourn in prisons, hospitals* and low 
lodging-houses, 46 — Insufficiency of wages the most common 
cause of prostitution, 47 — Prostitution increased by civiliza- 
tion — its injurious effects on all families, 48 — Opinion of 
those women, truly unfortunate, of themselves, 49 — Their 
religious feelings, 49 — Their feeling of shame — turn and 
character of mind, 50 — Manner of passing their leisure hours 
— extraordinary example, 51 — Slovenliness — bad and good 
qualities, 5^2 — Their lovers and bullies the greatest villians, 
53 — Some students of law and medicine-^letters addressed 
to them, 64 — Conduct of lovers or bullies, 54 — Tribades, 56 
— Classification of prostitutes, 57 — Registered and unre- 
gistered, procuresses, soldiers, and other classes of prosti- 
tutes, 59 — Physical characters — ^alteration of voice— colour of 
the hair and eyes, 60, 61 — Morbid changes in the sexual 
organs not different from other women, 61 — Local signs of 
vii^nity equivocal, 62 — Most important to be borne in mind 
in charges of female violation, 62 — New sign of pregnancy, 63 
— State of the clitoris, 63 — Nameless offences, 64 — State of 
menstruation, fecundity or number of children of prostitutes, 
65 — Frequency of criminal abortion, 65 — Prostitutes strenu- 
ously declare that they can fix on the father of {heir infants, 66 
— Mortality among their infants, 66 — Diseases most common 
to prostitutes — ^haemorrhages, tumours, abscesses, fistulae, 68 
.—Cancer of the womb, convulsions, and various species of 



XU CONTENTS. 

hysteria, 69 — Mental alienation or insanity, ordinary dis- 
eases, 70 — Health better than with virtuous labouring 
women, 71 — Toleration of brothels, 72 — Localities of bro- 
thels, and situations in which they are not allowed, 73 — 
Landlords — localities and streets, 74, 75 — Disturbances in 
brothels, 76 — Cigar, coffee-shops, and other houses of ac- 
commodation, 77 — Assembly rooms, 78 — Should prostitutes 
be banished from particular places? 79 — Suppression of 
immoral works in Paris, 80 — Failure of legislation against 
prostitution, 81 — Indecent behaviour at the windows — b4d 
effects of window admiration, 83 — Impossibility of legislating 
publicly against prostitution, 83 — Are prostitutes necessary? 
84 — The divine and natural law on the subject, 85 — All 
penalties against contrary to reason, morality, and Chris, 
tianity, 86 — Horrible consequences of depriving depraved 
men of the other sex, 86— British laws award the punish- 
ment of death for the commission of certain brimes at home, 
which they render inevitable in penal colonies, 86 — la it ad- 
visable to employ means to ward off the direful consequences 
of prostitution? 87— Are asylums for the reception of re- 
pentant prostitutes advisable ? 87. 

CHAPTER IV. 

PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

The author's sources of information, the Society for the 
Suppression of Vice, the Reports of the Commissioners of 
Metropolitan Police in 1837-38 ; the reports of the Society 
for the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, 1836-37-389 and 
the police report published for the Secretary of State for 
the Home Department from 1837 to 1838, 88— The late 
Mr. Wilberforce's history of licentiousness in this country 
from the French revolution of 1789, 89 — The origin and 
laudable objects of the Society for the Suppression of Vice, 
90 — The prevention of the profanation of the Lord*s day — 
blasphemous and obscene publications, prints, &c. — proceed- 
ings against disorderly houses and fortune-tellers, 91. 93 — 
Vendors of obscene books, prints, &c*, 93— Against disor- 



00NTENT8. Xiii 

derly houses and fortune-tellers, 94 — Copious extracts from 
the evidence of Mr. Pritchard, secretary to the Society, before 
Parliament in 1817. Extraordinary and authentic account of 
the trade in obscene books, prints, toys, &c. imported from 

France, and sold in every part of the United Kingdom, 96 

The principals and agents chiefly hawkers, who bribed ser- 
vants and introduced their infamous articles into boys* and 
girls* schools, 97 — Prosecutions instituted by the Society 
9nd the salutary effects, 98 — Renewal of the traffic from the 
Continent after the peace, 98 — Open sale in the prisons at 
Bristol, 99 — Suppression by the Duke of Portland, and lik«^- 
wise by the agents for the prisoners of war at Norman Cross, 
Dartmoor, Chatham, Yarmouth, Foxton and Edinburgh, 100 
— ^Astonishment expressed by the magistrates when the 
Society first prosecuted offenders, 105 — Mode of proceeding 
nK>st constitutional, 101, 102— Prosecutions, how and where 
instituted, 103 — Repeated commendation of the Society by 
the Lords Chief Justices of the Queen's Bench, 103 — Most 
defective state of the existing law against the vile offence 
under notice, 105. 113—- Hesitation of the magistrates to ii - 
terfere, until a late order from the Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, 105~Committals for introducing obscene 
works, &c. into ladies* boarding schools, 106, 107 — Seizures 
,and destruction of obscene articles, 107 — Prosecution of dis- 
orderly houses and fortune-tellers, 108 — Defects of the pre- 
sent law, which renders prosecutions tedious and exorbitantly 
expensive, 108 — Magistrates should have a power of summary 
ccmviction, 109 — Summary of prosecutions against profana- 
tion of the Sabbath ; publishers of blasphemous and obscene 
publications up to the year 1819, 109, 110, 111— Quantity of 
books, prints, copper-plates, toys, snuff-boxes seized, 112— > 
Conduct of miscreants at race-courses, 113 — Enormous ex- 
pense of two prosecutions, 118 — Society's efforts against the 
nuisance at Notting-hill, 115 — Additional evidence given be- 
fore Parliament in 1838, 117— Reports of the London Society 
for the Protection of Young Females, and Prevention of 
Juvenile Prostitution, with list of patrons, vice-patrons, and 



Xiy CONTlfiNTS. 

officers, 118 — Society instituted 1835, on account of the 
dreadfully immoral state of the British metropolis, 118 — 
Account of crime, debauchery, and immorality, 119 — Seduc- 
tion of female children, and initiation of juvenile thieves, 119 
Barbarous treatment of such female children, 120— Horrible 
suffering of youthful profligates, 121 — Two-thirds of crimi- 
nals connected with prostitutes, 121 — Extent of seduction, 
desertion, sacrifice of life by suicide and disease, 121 — Re- 
volting language in the streets. The Society the only one 
for diminishing female ruin, 122 — Appeal to parents, and the 
benevolent, 123— Laudable efforts and success of the So- 
ciety, 124 — Restoration of unfortunate juvenile prostitutes to 
a virtuous life, 125, 131— >Brothels the most fertile source of 
crimes, 133 — Rescue of fifty unfortunate females from in- 
fiuny, 135— Suppression of brothels, 137 — Punishment of 
procurers and procuresses, 141 — Weekly committee for the 
application of unfortunate objects, 142 — Establishment of a 
probationary asylum, 143 — Society's report in 1838 ; prose- 
cution of the most infamous brothel keepers, 148, 154 — 
Immense number of juvenile prostitutes, 155 — Two-thirds 
educated in Sabbath-schools, 156 — Various modes of decoy- 
ing and seduction, 156, 157 — Extraordinary case of a brothel 
keeper, 160*-Mr. Talbot's reasons for informing the public 
of the extent of prostitution in London, 1^6 — His replies to 
the following questions, which I submitted to him and other 
official individuals, 158 — Number of prostitutes in London? 
80,000; nations and countries which supply them, 159 — 
State of their education, 159 — Ages ; causes of prostitution ; 
seduction ; the poor-law charter of libertinism ; encourage- 
ment of men ; ruin of women ; contrary to nature and Chris- 
tianity, 162 — Bad effects of dramatic entertainments, walking 
in parks, squares, streets, &c. 163 — Trades and occupations 
of prostitutes; opinion of themselves; religious feelings; 
sense of shame ; bent and character of mind ; manner of 
passing their leisure hours ; moral defects ; good qualities ; 
lovers and bullies horrible vagabonds, robbers, and mur- 
derers, 166 — Enormous rent of brothelB, 167 — Usiuil con- 



00NTENT8. XV 

duct of bullies, 167— classification of prostitutes, 169— Pri- 
vate lod^rs ; impossibility of escape in the streets, 169— 
Servants; young female children, 173 — Procuresses, pro- 
eurers, and panders ; their extraordinary mode of proceeding, 
170 — Frequenting bazaars, coach-offices, workhouses, prisons, 
and penitentiaries for the ostensible purpose of hiring ser- 
vants, 171 — No expense spared in this horrible traffic, 17L— 
The Sabbath the favourite day for intercepting children going 
to or coming from church or Sunday-schools, 172 — Remark- 
able examples; trepanners and touters, 173 — Physical cha- 
racters of prostitutes ; their good general health, but prema- 
ture decay, 173— General fecundity ; mortality of their in- 
fants, 174 — Diseases most common to, and immense mortality 
of prostitutes, 175 — Number of venereal cases of children 
from the age of eleven to sixteen years, in four of the Lon- 
don hospitals, 175 — Encouragement of boys in brothels, 175 
-^Evil results on health, on families, and society at large, 176 
—Number of patients admitted in the London Lock-hospital 
from 1747 to 1836, 176— Institutions for reclaiming prosti- 
tutes — their results, 177 — Eleven thousand benefitted, four 
millions allowed to perish, 177 — Scarcely a family in the 
kingdom which has not suffered, mere or less, from the effects 
of prostitution, 177 — Number and localities of brothels in 
London, 178— Not half the number of churches, chapel- 
schools, &c., 178 — Brothels close to churches, 178— Cigar, 
coffee, beer, pastrycook, and other shops, or places of assigna- 
tion and accommodation, 179 — Saloons, taverns, and long- 
rooms, 179— Extraordinary conduct in long-rooms, ISO- 
Sailors* "wives** in men of war, 180— Horrible depravity, 
robbery, and murder, or transmission of destructive con- 
tagions disease, 181 — Disturbances, robberies, and murders 
in brothels, — the seat of all crimes against the public, 182 
-^Number pandering to prostitution in London, 182 — Im- 
mense income derived from this vice, 183— Conduct of Jews 
and Christians contrasted, 183. 186 — Houses for the sale of 
improper productions, 187 — Improper books, prints, &c. 188 
— Universal depravity of the lower cUsses in this and all 



XVI CONTENTS. 

oountries, 188— Police and other reports in October 1838, 
189 — Bad effects of penny-theatres, dancing and music- 
rooms, low lodging-houses, 200 — Suggestions for corrective 
legislation: defective state of the law, 201 — Magistrates 
should have summary powers to punish brothel-keepers, 203 
—Replies of the Commissioners of Metropolitan Police, 206 
-—Number, ages, and offences of criminals arrested and 
punished for abuses of the reproductive functions, 207 — 
Appeal to the virtuous on the amount of evil and misery 
caused thereby, 209. 

CHAPTER V. 

PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

Effects of licentiousness on nations, 212 — Number of 
prostitutes in New York, 216— Ages and classification; — 
causes of prostitution, 218— Seduction; drunken and bad 
husbands ; lower classes most numerous, 219 — Seduction of 
children and young girls, 220— Cruelty inflicted on them, 221 
— They cannot escape, 221^-Remarkable cases of private 
prostitution, 222->Most extraordinary and horrible narrative, 
223 — Countries which supply prostitutes ; houses of pros- 
titution, 224— Assignation houses, 225 — Boarding and lodg- 
i'lg houses, 226 — Panders and ma\e seducers, 227 — Corrup- 
tion of children ; necessity of maternal vigilance, 228 — Girls 
8id boys of eleven years old contaminated, 228 —And these 
contaminate others, 229 — Thirty thousand youths corrupted 
;n New York, 230— The character of prostitutes, 231— 
Crimes against nature, 232 — The Sabbath-day profaned, 232 
— Murder committed, 232 — Deaths in brothels uninquired 
into, 234— Suicide, infanticide, 235 — Criminal abortion, 
'Titemperance, 236— Dram-shops, 237 — Gamblers, drunkards, 
and thieves, 238 — Sailor-boarding-houses, 239 — Theatres and 
opera-houses, their bad effects on morals, 239 — Boys and 
girls steal to visit theatres ; examples, 241 — Licentiousness 
leads to stealing, 241 — Is an inexorable tax-gatherer, 244— 
Effects of licentiousness on men*s intellects, morals and 
.bodies, 244 — Shocking effects of venereal disease, 246 — 



CONTENTS. XVii 

Boarding in brothels; the expense, 248 — Income and ex- 
pense, 248 — Number of visitors to brothels, 249, 250— 
Expenditure, 251. 



PART II. 

CHAPTER VI. 

Venereal abuses in relation to health and disease, 255 

Diseases caused by venereal abuses, 256 — Bad effects of 
unnatural or excessive indulgence, 257 — School-boy vices, 259 
— Unnatural habits, 261 — Symptoms and derangements pro- 
duced, 262 — Alleged excuses for youth, 263— Natural 
resources. Gall*s physiological and correct defence of pU 
continent individuals, and the Roman-cathoUc clergy, 264— 
Immorality of unnatural indulgences, which are strongly 
condemned in the sacred volume, 265 — In&ntile contamina- 
tion, 267. 271 — ^ces of domestics, 271 — Increase at the 
age of puberty, 272 — Diseases caused by masturbation, 274 
— The Jewish laws, 274 — Physiology of reproduction, 275— 
Modification by age, 277 — ^And by other causes, as poverty, 
famine, diseases, excess in wine, &c., 279 — Symptoms of dis- 
eases caused by venereal excesses, 281 — Several illustrations 
by cases, 282— Diseases excited in the head, chest, and 
abdomen, 283--Insanity, idiocy, and mental aberration, 289. 

CHAPTER VII. 

Special history of diseases caused by venereal excesses, 291 
— ^Diseases of the brain and spinal marrow, or cerebro-spinal 
system, 291 — Apoplexy, inflammation of the substance and 
membranes of the brain and cerebellum, with cares, 293— 
Chronic inflammation of the cerebellum, with cases, 294 298 
Epilepsy, 298 — Chorea, or St. Vitus's dance, idiocy, mental 
alienation, insanity, melancholy, 299 — Diseases of the spinal 
manrow, tabes dorsalis, 300 — Symptoms, 301 — Cases, 302 — 
Tetanic spasms, 303 — Paralysis, 304— Caries and curvatures 
of the spine and contraction of the lower extremities, 305-* 
Diseases of the senses ; loss of vision and hearing, 305 — 



• •• 



XVm CONTENTS. 

Amaurosis, 306 — Defect of hearing and deafness, 907 — Dis- 
orders of the senses of smell, taste, and touch, 308 — Diseases 
of the circulatory system, 908 — Typhus and other fevers in 
the East and West Indies, 309 — Diseases of the digestive 
system, 309 — Indigestion, confined bowels, flatulency, de- 
ranged appetite, lowness of spirits, 309 — Diseases of the 
lymphatic system, 310 — (ilandular enlargements, scrofula, 
310— Rickets, and deformities of the bones, 311 — Phthisis and 
consumption curers, 911 — Asthma, and diseases of the heart 
314. 274 — Violent palpitations, 313— Diseases of the repro- 
ductive organs. 314 — Genito-urinary diseases, with cases, 314 
— Satyriasis and nymphomania, 314 — Erotic monomaniacs, 
317* 322 — Non-contagious urethral discharges, 923 — Diseases 
of the whole genito-urinary organs, 924 — Incontinence of 
urine, 324— Spermatorrhoea, or involuntary seminal emis- 
sion, 325 — Causes, 326 — Species ; convulsive and non-con- 
vulsive, diurnal and nocturnal, 327— Treatment, 330 — 
Prostatic disease a common cause, 331 — Morbid appearances* 
932 — Symptoms, 333 — Different urethral discharges, 334 — 
Most effectual cure, 334— Chronic purulent urethral dis- 
charges, 338 — Chronic inflammation of the neck of the 
Uadder, 338 — Extending to the prostate gland, ejaculatory 
ducts and seminal vesicles, causing spermatorrhoea, 3^— 
Cases, 340. 342 — Extension to urethra and prostate gland, 843 
—To spermatic organs, 343 (see Plates at the end) — ejacu- 
latory canals, 344 — Vesiculae seminales; seminal reservoirs, 
345 — To deferent or excretory seminal canals, 346 — To 
urinary organs, kidneys, ureters, and bladder, 348 — Sympathy 
between the spermatic and urinary organs, 349— Spermatic 
diabetes, 350 — Bad effects of strictures of the urethra, 350-^ 
Incontinence of urine of infants predisposes them to pollu- 
tions at puberty,^ 351— The most common causes, 352^ 
Diseases of the testicle and spermatic cord, 352 — Enlarge- 
ment and neuralgia of the spermatic cord, 353— Varicocele 
and hydrocele, 353 — Recapitulation of all the diseases of the 
genito-urinary organs, 353 — Diseases peculiar to women, 
355. 



CONTENTS. XIX 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Causes of venereal excesses, 958 — Phrenological conclu. 
sions, 358. 362 — Chronic diseases of the cerebellum and its 
membranes, with cases, 362, 363 — Diseases of the spinal 
marrow, 364. 366 — Influence of erectile tissue, 367 — Bemoval 
of the clitoris, 369 — Influence of the genito-urinary mucous 
membrane on venereal impulse, 370 — Influence of various 
cutaneous eruptions, 372 — Pruritus vaginae, diseases of the 
uterus and ovaries, 374— 'Retention of the testes in the ab- 
domen, 37.5 — Castration, 376 — Influence of gout, rheu- 
matism, phthisis, 377 — Recapitulation of all the chief causes 
of venereal excesses, genital excitement, seasons, climates, 
aliments, immoral and physical incentives, &c., 379, 380— 
odours, perfumes, irritation of the skin, flagellation, 38 1— 
Certain articles of clothing, 382 — Years of plenty ; diet, 383. 
— General account of remedies; narcotics, 385 — Moral and 
religious injunctions, 386 — Exercise and idleness, 387—- 
Mental and corporeal exertion, 388 — Hints to parents and 
teachers, 389 — Treatment of diseases induced by venereal 
excesses, 391 — Diet and regimen, 398. 

CHAPTER IX. 

Special venereal diseases; symptoms and treatment of 
syphilis, 401 — Ravages of the disease, 402 — Contamination 
of the foetus in utero, 403^ Supposed, though ill- cured 
syphilis, 405 — Transmission of venereal virus, 406 — Pre- 
vention of syphilitic infection, 406 — Secondary symptoms, 
407— Syphliitic neuralgiae in different parts of the body; 
cases in illustration, 407— Venereal eruptions, 409— Bald- 
ness ; pains in the bones, 409— Excrescences and ulcerations, 
410— Mr. Carmichael's views on syphilis, 410. 

CHAPTER X. 

Urethritis, blenorrhagia, gonorrhoea ; symptoms, 412— 
Affecting the whole of the genito-urinary organs in some 
cases, 412— Causing stricture, irritable urethra,prostate gland, 



CONTENTS. 

neck of the bladder, ureters, and kidneys, 413 — Female 
gonorrhoea and leucorrbcea, 414 — Phymosis and paraphy- 
niosis, 416 — Sloughing of the prepuce and penis, 416 — 
Hernia humoralis, inflamed testis, 418 — Enlargement of the 
epididymis, 419 — Blenorrhcea, or gleet, 419 — Strictures of 
the urethra, 420 — Bad effects of stricture ; local and general 
progress and form of stricture, 422 — Suppuration of the 
prostate gland ; bad effects of stricture on reproduction, on 
the prostate gland, testes, &c., 423 — Gradually and finally 
obstructs the urethra ; bursting of the urethra, and abscess 
in the perineum followed by fistulae, 425 — Long retention 
of the urine causes inflammation of the mucous coat of the 
bladder and mucosities which are passed with the urine ; 
mode of distinguishing this discharge from that supplied by 
the prostate gland, 426 — Disease excited in the corresponding 
kidney often mistaken for lumbago, psortis, &c., 427 — Symp- 
toms of disease of the kidney, 427 — Morbid appearances, 
427 — Diagnosis, 428 — Hoemorrhoidal and circum-anal dis- 
eases, 428 — Prolapsus recti, 429 — Hernia, stricture, may cause 
disease of the prostate, bladder, and rectum, and simulate 
intermittent fever, 429 — Morbid appearances after death, 429 
•» Cases in illustration. Object, tendency of the work, hints 
to unfair and dishonest critics. 

Explanation of Plates .--... p. 435 



GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. 



CHAPTER I. 



OENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 



It will be admitted, by every well educated as well as ex- 
perienced medical practitioner, that diseases of the urinary 
and reproductive organs are as numerous as frequent, and 
as fata] as any incidental to humanity. The truth of this 
position will be apparent after the perusal of the following 
pages. 

It is, however, only of late years that the entire of the 
diseases alluded to have been fully investigated ; and even 
as yet, there is no monographic work, so far as I know, 
which treats of the whole. 

In proof of the truth of this statement I have to observe, 
that the valuable productions of Hunter, Sir E. Home, the 
Bells, Dr. Marcet, Dr. Prout, Mr. Wilson, Sir Charles Bell, 
Sir Astley Cooper, Sir B. Brodie, Mr. Guthrie, Mr. Car- 
michael, Mr. Colles, Mr. Macilwain, Mr. Phillips, Mr. 
Stafford, Mr. Crosse, Dr. Bright, Dr. Osborne, Mr. Wal- 
lace, Mr. Coulson, and M.M. Sabatier, Swediaur, Chopart^ 
Ducamp, Tarvenier, Deslandes, Lallemand, Mageudie, 

B 



8 GENERAL 00NSIOERATI0N8. 

Amussat, Ricord. Civiale, Rayer, Sec, as well as the nu- 
merous essays, both foreign and national, comprise but a 
small portion of genito-urinary diseases. It is, however, 
but right to state, that the individual labours of so many 
distinguished physicians and surgeons, and of others whom 
I shall quote in the succeeding pages, have proved highly 
valuable, and have laid the foundation of a systematic work 
on the sulgect. 

All medical practitioners will allow, that such a work 
ought not only to comprise an account of the nature and 
treatment of syphilis, blenorrhagia (gonorrhoea), strictures^ 
diseases of the prostate gland, bladder, ureters, and kid* 
neys ; but of the various diseases in every part of the body 
— in the head, chest, and abdomen, which are induced by 
venereal abuses. It is true, that the primary and secondary 
diseases of the organs now mentioned, are partially de- 
scribed by some of the preceding authors I have mentioned^ 
but no one has hitherto treated of the whole. Even the 
great work announced by M. Rayer, will not accoraj^h 
this subject, if we may judge from its title.* There is no 
mention made in it of the diseases of the brain, spinal mar- 
row, of the heart and arteries, of the digestive system, &c. 
arising from venereal excesses and abuses, and frequently 
observed by many diatinguished pathobgists, whose reports 
wiU be noticed in the following pages. The most compre- 
hensive account of the various diseases induced by sexual 
excesses is that of M. Deslandes, which I shall freely 
quote hereafter, entitled, JDe TOnani9m» et dea Autrea^ 
Jhus FenerienSy consid^ia dana leur rapparta avec la 
aoHtL ParM.De8landeB, D.M., 1835. This work abounda 
with numerous authentic ci^es. It is far superior to the 
productions !of Tissot. Wichman, A. P. Buehan, &c. 



• TtoHB dea Maiadies dot Reint, Studi4a en elleg-memes, et dans leur 
rupporte avec lee Maladiee dei Uretere, de la Veeeie, de la ProHate, de F Uretre- 
fttr M.'Raper, M. D, Paris, 183a Bftilliire. 



GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 3 

M. Lallemand has also eniiched science by two recent 
and valuable works — De8 Pertes Seminales involontairet. 
Observations sur les Maladies des Organes Genito-uri" 
nares. Par M. Lallemand^ J). M. &c., 1836. 

But however valuable these works may be^ they are like 
all their precursors, only partial, and do not embrace the 
whole class of genito-urinary diseases* 

With a view of supplying, in some measure, this want 
in medical literature, I shall, very briefly, notice the most 
important of the diseases of the urinary and sexual organs, 
as well as those induced by them in all other parts of the 
body ; and describe the baneful results of venereal excesses, 
and the injuries which they inflict on public morals, health, 
happiness, and longevity. A brief history of these multi- 
form and frequent complaints may warn a most licentious 
and vicious age, against the incessant commission of vices, 
which do much more injury to health than, perhaps, all 
other causes of diseases collectively. 

It is a singular fact that the medical authors of this 
country, have not hitherto followed the example of the 
French and Grerman writers, and that we have no such 
works on venereal excesses as those of Tissot, Wichman, 
Deslandes, Lallemand, &c. The productions in circulation 
amongst us, generally emanate from ignorant pretenders 
to medical knowledge, unprincipled dishonest persons, 
who profess to cure all diseases, of whatever description, 
with one remedy, a nostrum, which, in most cases, does 
much more harm than good, and too often embitters the 
remainder of the victim's life. 

The time I should hope has arrived, when some edu- 
cated, respectable,and experienced medical practitioner may 
follow the examples of our continental neighbours, by de- 
scribing the whole of the diseases caused by venereal abuses 
in all their ramifications, and prove to the comprehension 
of every rational individual, that there is no single remedy 



4 6PEKERAL COlTSIDBRATIOlfS. 

or nostmm, capable of effecting a cure of the most opposite 
maladies^ general or local. 

It is however lamentable to acknowledge that there are 
as yet, some affectedly grave and pseudo-moralists in this 
kingdom^ who entertain the antiquated and foolish notion, 
that any allusion to venereal excesses and their baneful con- 
sequences is injurious to public morals ; and according to 
this dass of moralists^ the circulation of all wor^ on mora- 
lity, theology, law, l^islation, and medicine, nay, the BiUe 
itself, which most graphically discusses them, ought to be 
interdicted. But, most unfortunately for this portion of 
the medical faculty, the world is of a very different opinion. 
It merely holds, that civilized society imperiously demands 
wise legislation on the subjects of population, marriage,, 
bastardy, seduction, female violation, adultery,, divorce. 
Intimacy, prostitution, criminal abortion, child murder, 
and many other crimes relative to the function of repro- 
duction—crimes fully noticed in the sacred volume, occu- 
pying the reflexion of theologians, philosophers, legiidators, 
judges, moralists, all the learned profesaons, and daily 
recorded by a free public press in all countries^ There 
are, however, a few hypocritical and pharasiaeal' persons 
amongst us, even in the enlightened profession of medi- 
cine, who strain at a gnat and swallow a camel, and who 
perhaps might be justly compared to the white sepuldires 
of old, '^beautiful without, but unclean within" — men 
who pretend to shut their eyes and to dose tibeir ears 
against the prevalence and extent of profligacy, and obsce- 
nity, so common both at home and abroad, and so fully 
described by various witnesses in the succeeding chapters. 
To reason with men of such strait-laced morality would 
be a useless task, and I shall therefore leave them to the 
enjoyment of their own absurd and mischievous opinions. 
It would be important were such modest gentiemen to 
draw the line of demarcation, between what they call 



GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. d 

moraUty and immorality, and obscene and admired pro* 
ductioiM of the arts^ and between modest and indecent 
exhibitions. 

It cannot be denied that many of the most admired 
paintings, stataes^ and other works of art exhibited in our 
public galleries and collections^ and though highly patro* 
nised by some, are loudly condemned by others as inde* 
cent and obscene. The Titian gallery in Marlborough 
House belongs to the last class according to many. The 
colossal statue at Hyde Park Corner^ with no covering but 
a fig4eaf, stands there for all to gaze at. 

The drama is patronized by aU classes of society^ from 
die highest to the lowest^ though often the scene of the 
giOBsest obscenities. Who has not seen actresses appear 
in tight flesh made dresses as white as marble^ and fitting 
80 ti^tly that the shape of their bodies could not be more 
apparent^ had they come forward on the stage in a state of 
nature ? Again^ the Opera dancers appear nightly before 
crowded moral audiences^ in dresses made for the express 
purpose of exposing their shape and figure^ while the style 
of dancing is such as to excite the most wanton thoughts 
and lascivious desires. The attitudes and personal expo- 
sue of these females are most disgusting to every really 
modest mind, and more suited to an improper house than 
lo a public exhibition. But the drama and the fine arts are 
patronized by rank and fashion^ though^ were the scenes 
and figures depicted in prints or drawings^ and offered for 
sale^ they would be considered outrages on public morals* 
Nevertheless^ these things have long existed, and will per- 
haps continue^ while society and literature continue to exist. 

Look at the scenes described in Shakspeare^ and pub- 
licly enacted ; read the poems of Byron, the works of 
Le Sage, Fielding, Smollett, Behnn, De Couvery, Pigault 
Le Brun, and all the standard authors in their dass of 
iteratore, down even to Pulwer, and then point out any- 



6 OBNERAL OONSIDERATIONg. 

thing in medical publications half so exciting to the pas- 
sions; as what is to be found in the works of these moral 
philosophers. Look — I say it with reverence, and simply 
because the truth of the remark will be admitted by all—- 
look to the Bible itself^ and tell me whether every fact 4n 
it, is as chaste as it might be. Take up a volume of Swift 
UK Rabelais, and tell me if it is not full of the most odomt- 
nable particulars ; and yet^ where is the man who professes 
to admire literature that has not got these works in his 
library, and is not intimately acquainted with every page 
of them ? Again, look at the disgusting reports of trials 
whieh are given every day by the public press ; see how 
minute they are in their descriptions^ and mark the way 
in which they emulate each other, in giving what they call 
thermost correct report, and yet, who thinks of finding 
fault with this? " That's true enough," reply our mora- 
lists, '^ but the details thus given are facts^ which the press 
in this country is allowed to have the power of stating and 
making comments upon ; but you must not publish objec- 
tionable matter, however less objectionable it may be, even 
than those facts which are stated in the newspapers." Very 
wdl, if that is the law, then I say, it is at variance with the 
natural simplicity of the Bible — let most of the plays of 
Shakspeare and the old dramatists be entirely suppressed— > 
let mich works as those of Swift and Rabelais be burnt by the 
common hangman — ^let those of Fielding, Smollett, Byron, 
and many others, both of the past and present day, be 
treated as obscene publications, and let there be a public 
censor of the press to prevent authors from putting forth 
impurities in future. Moreover, suppress indecent ecchL 
bitiona-^let us have no more opera dancing after- the pre- 
sent fashion — pull down your naked statues— shut up your 
galleries of sculpture — don't let images of the purest and 
lovelist olgects of creation be carried about the streets — 
and then, when you have done all this^ I will give you 



GJBNERAIi CONSIDERATIONS. 2 

some credit for being consistent in your hypocrisy^ and 
not complain of your pretended indignation against the 
troths and evils^ which the medical history of licentious- 
ness may happen to exhibit 

From the preceding facts, it would be a very diflficult 
matter to define, what are obscene and immoral productions 
and what are not. A public functionary to whom I am 
indebted for much information, has arrived at this conclu- 
sion, and considers it almost impossible for the legislature 
to frame laws on the subject. This is also the opinion of 
many others, as will appear in the succeeding chapters. 

There are, however, too many superficial observers, 
who cannot comprehend the importance of the subject 
under consideration, or the necessity of some more efficient 
means being adopted for the general improvement of the 
public morals. 

The history of all periods attests, that theological, legal, 
and medical authors of ail civilized ages and nations, fully 
considered and discussed the most of the important ques- 
tions relative to the reproductive function, and that every 
dass of society from the highest to the lowest, was more or 
less influenced by it. Impressed with this conviction, and 
following the example of the many national and foreign 
audiors of distinction and celebrity, whose names have 
been, or will be hereafter, mentioned in these pages, I have 
deemed it of great importance to the welfare of society, 
the improvement of public morals, and the prevention as 
well as cure of a variety of diseases, to give a faithful, 
though brief epitome of the history of prostitution and 
immorality in modem times, and of the nature and treat- 
ment of the numerous disorders and diseases resulting 
from this and other excesses and abuses. In order to 
shew the universal prevalence of sexual vices, I shall first 
very briefly allude to moral depravation in all ages and 
nations, but especially during the French revolution of 



8 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 

1789, in our penal colonies, and the present state of licen- 
tiousness and crime in Paris and London, ^hich will 
enable the reader to form some estimate of the almost 
universal prevalence of vice, ^rime, and the numerous 
diseases induced by the abuse of the reproductive func- 
tion. Were I at once to enter on the consideration of the 
medical part of the subject, there are some who would 
consider my account exaggerated or too highly coloured, 
although it is strictly true in every particular. But the 
preliminary matter in the four succeeding chapters, will 
put all doubt and cavil out of the question. 

I can conscientioudy state, that I might occupy a large 
volume in detailing the histories of cases which have fallen 
under my own observation, or about which I have been 
consulted, whose victims were seriously injured and grossly 
imposed upon, and plundered by the unprincipled gang of 
advertising empirics, who abound in this and other cities, 
and who daily set forth their fraudulent and false preten- 
sions in the leading newspapers. 

How many unfortunate individuals, in the diflperent ranks 
of life, have I known, who were maltreated, and imposed on 
by paying large sums of money, and in the end driven to 
utter despair, even to the verge of suicide, by these advertis- 
ing quacks. How many declared incurable, whose various 
shades of nervousness, despondency, melancholy, and mo- 
nomania or insanity, or an imaginary state of impotence, 
whose remorse, and even despair were their real disorders, 
resulting from vicious school-boy habits, or intemperance 
of whatever sort, the multiform species of indigestion and 
morbid sensibility of the stomach and bowels, biliousness, 
derangement of the general health, whose cases were cu- 
rable in most instances, and how many were, now are, and 
yet will be, on the point of abandoning advantageous 
matrimonial alliances without any real cause, alarmed by 
the terror inspired in their minds as to their incurability. 



GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 9 

and the gross deceptions practised upon them by adver- 
tising empirics. I should^ therefore^ beg to ask our most 
modest medical critics, but more especially all rational 
practitioners of the healing art^ as well as sensible men, 
whether this numerous and truly unfortunate class of 
patients is to be deprived of proper medical advice and 
aid, because a few prudes and hypocrites happen to enter- 
tain the contrary opinion ? For myself I think not. 

For my own part, I cannot but consider, that such patients 
require great commiseration as well as relief, and that their 
distressing disorders deserve as much attention from medi- 
cal practitioners, as any other class of human infirmities. 
Many of these individuals are in despair, or harassed by the 
deepest remorse which induces indigestion, hypochondriasis 
or melancholy, monomania, lunacy, insanity, and suicide ; 
while all are deprived of the happiness of conjugal life. 
Others suppose that they labour under many or most of 
the diseases hereafter described, as if the following pages 
did not refer to different ages, nations, and constitutions, 
and not to particular individuals, unless those whose pecu- 
liar diseases are recorded. But this class of patients, very 
seldom consider, that no two constitutions or diseases are 
exactly alike, or that every case requires a peculiar treat* 
ment according to circumstances or symptoms, or that no 
single medicine or nostrum is a specific for all diseases 
hereafter described. They do not know, and perhaps 
cannot understand, that where there is no physical defect, 
the improvement of the general health, by proper reme- 
dies, and the avoidance of vice and excesses, will almost, 
invariably, effect a cure, more especially if the mind be 
tranquillized and groundless fears be dissipated. I shall 
fully prove the truth of this statement hereafter, and now 
offer these remarks, in passing, for the correction of very 
prevalent and erroneous impressions. 

I fearlessly maintain, that proper remedies for the im- 



10 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. ^ 

provement of the general health, the digestion^ and for 
securing the regularity of the alvine function, with due 
attention to diet, exercise, sleep, dress, &c., will in general 
effect a cure. But there are, however, many cases totally 
incurable. 

It was long and erroneously considered by medical prac- 
titioners, that there were no medicines which possessed 
the power of acting on the reproductive organs ; but mo- 
dern observations have shewn the fallacy of such conclu- 
sions. I agree with those distinguished practitioners and 
authors, both national and foreign, who consider that 
there are medicines which have a peculiar influence on the 
urinary and sexual organs, and ample experience has 
convinced me of the truth of this opinion. I have ac- 
cordingly enumerated these medicines, in my Formulary 
of European and American HospitalSj second edition, 

1836, in my Medico-Chirurgical Pharmacopma, second 
edition, 1838, and also in the Philosophy of Marriage^ 

1837. It is, however, right to observe, that these remedies 
are seldom beneficial, unless the general health is improved 
by all appropriate means, and the mind tranquillized. 
This conclusion is in direct opposition to the professions 
and false promises of advertising nostrum-mongers ; and 
I entertain the hope, that it will be thus received by an 
enlightened profession and public. 

It is necessary to observe, that many well-intentioned 
individuals, who are not close reasoners, and who are im- 
perfectly acquainted with the history of human nature, 
cannot duly or properly estimate the full extent of the 
evils, barely alluded to in the following pages, although 
they are only a small part of what might be described 
would prudence, decency, or morality permit. But the im- 
perfect enumeration I have given, is sufficient, in most cases, 
to restrain vice in some degree, and to prevent the occur- 
rence of formidable and too often fatal diseases. There 



OENEBAL CONSIDERATIONS. 11 

cannot, I presume^ be a second opinion among enlightened 
men, that every one who voluntarily injures his constitution^ 
by whatever means, and consequently opposes the dictates 
of nature, violates the divine precept of self-preservation, 
and may be justly considered a monomaniac or maniac, or 
in other words, wholly or partially insane. Nevertheless, 
how few are there, from the age of puberty to the middle 
period of life, who are exempt from this state. There 
is, perhaps, no function in the human frame, which so 
often induces hypochondriasis, melancholy, and mono- 
mania, as the generative. Most persons after the age of 
puberty, some before it, and even many in decrepid old 
age, evince more or less irrationality with respect to it 
I might adduce several proofs of the correctness of this 
observation from numerous consultations, but I prefer to 
give the many attestations of others, which will be found 
in the succeeding pages, as well as my own. 

The validity of this conclusion will be apparent by the 
perusal of the following ancient epitaph of love : — 

" Nee vir, nee mulier, nee androgyna ; nee puella, nee 
juvenis, nee anus; nee casta, nee meretrix, nee pudica, 
sed omnia: sublata neque fama, neque ferro, neque ve- 
neno, sed omnibus : nee ccelo, nee aquis, nee terris, sed 
ubique jacet. Nee maritus, nee amator, nee necessarius ; 
neque mcerens, neque gaudens, neque flens; banc nee 
xnolem, nee pyramidem, nee sepulchrum, sed omnia, scit, 
et nescit, cui posuerit." 

The preceding quotation clearly shews the many shades 
of insanity caused by the abuse of the reproductive func- 
tion. It would require a large volume to describe them. 
There are perhaps but few adults, who have not been 
monomaniacal at some time or other, concerning sensual 
enjoyment, and who have not violated the dictates of 
nature concerning it. Empirics readily take advantage 
of this fact, and thus dilate upon it, as far as they can 



12 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 

in the newspapers^ and in hand-bills in the following 
terms: — 

'* A word of advice on a certain destructive habit, — Of 
all frightful consequences and various evils that human 
nature is ordained to^ suffer^ there cannot possibly be any 
passion more appalling than that which arises from self- 
abuse (onanism), a passion fraught with the most destruc- 
tive consequences, dreadful even in imagination, and in its 
exercise fatal to all human happiness; a practice to which 
many devote themselves without being acquainted with 
the enormity of the crime^ and all the ills which are its 
physical consequences. 

'^ This dreadful and delusive habit, which is generally 
learnt at schools, is the most destructive thing that can be 
practised* Young people should take time to consider^ 
that every act of this kind strikes deep at the root of thdr 
constitutions, inevitably hastens many alarming diseases, 
and brings on all the infirmities of the most languishing 
dd age, and premature dissolution. The whole mass falls 
to decay ; all the bodily senses, and all the faculties of the 
soul are weakened ; the loss of imagination and memory ; 
imbecility, contempt, shame, ignominy, its constant at- 
tendants; all the functions disturbed, suspended, and 
painful ; continual disorders, disagreeable, capricious, and 
disgusting ; violent pains ever renewing ; all the disorders 
oi old age in the prime of youth ; an incapacity for all the 
functions for which man was created; the humiliating 
diaracter of being an useless load upon the earth ; the 
mortification to which he is daily exposed ; a distaste for 
all decent pleasure ; lassitude, an aversion to others, and 
at length for self. 

'* A person unfortunately tainted with this vice, soon 
affords manifest tokens to the discerning eye, that a canker 
is seated in the germ of life. He resembles a faded fiower, 
a tree blasted in the bud. The eyes lack their usual lustre. 



GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. 13 

the purple bloom of youth vanishes^ the features ihriuk, 
he becomes lean, paUid, and sallow ; complains of weak- 
ness, particularly in the back and legs, a symptom which 
has obtained for this complaint the name of Tabes Dorsalis ; 
stoops, and is unable to endure fatigue, the appetite is irre- 
gular, frequendy 7oraciouS) but if indulged in is attended 
with the most distressing indigestion. The face is fre- 
quently covered with dark-coloured pimples. Society is 
avoided, seclusfon sought after, and this species of self- 
destroyer at last assumes the appearance of a moving 
skeleton, enveloped in a leaden shroud. Hectic fever takes 
place, which finally terminates in an early death." 

It must be scarcely necessary to observe, that there is a 
vast deal of exaggeration and nonsense in the forgoing 
extracts, though very well calcuiatad to alarm a vast num- 
ber of weak-minded young persons, and to fill the purses 
of the pretended curers. Every well-informed and re- 
spectable physician and surgeon will agree with me in this 
condusion. No one will deny, that many disorders or 
temporary derangements, as well as actual diseases in dif- 
ferent parts of the body, are induced or excited by excessive 
indtdgences of all kinds, but that a preponderating majority 
of these complaints will disappear on the sufi^rers aban- 
doning dieir evil habits, and by a judicious employment 
of ordinary remedies. 

The history of mankind in aU ages and nations, affords 
the most ampleproof of the almost universal prevalence of 
moral depravation. It would occupy too much space, and 
be foreign to the more immediate object of this work, to 
enter into historical details, which are almost universally 
known. I shall only notice a few facts under this head. I 
shall pass over the archives of antiquity, and confine my 
remarks to the occurrences of the end of the last century, 
and the present period. 

It is not yet fifty years, since infidelity and unparalled 



14 OENEBAL CONSIDERATIONS. 

libertinism were followed by the perpetration of the most 
savage atrocities in France. The few details which I 
grieve to indite, were authenticated by many eye-witnesses, 
some of whom are still Hving, and are recorded by nume- 
rous historians of the revolution of 1789. I insert the 
following horrible facts in proof of the extent to which 
abuses and excesses of the reproductive function may be 
carried ; when religion, and the laws founded upon its prin- 
ciples are abolished, even for a short time : — "The bodies 
of the clergy, whose virtues, modesty, and beneficent 
services were acknowledged even by the atheists and deists 
of the mock National Assembly, were stripped naked, 
indecently mutilated, and with the bowels hanging out, 
were exposed to view on the heaps of murdered victims. 
Ladies of rank and many respectable women, were also 
stripped naked, rubbed over with oil, and then put to the 
fire ; while many were first violated by the savage mob, 
and then most cruelly butchered." ''Young men and 
women were picked out from the mass of innocent pri- 
soners, respectability being their only crime, stripped 
naked, and tied together, face to face. After being kept 
in this situation for about an hour, they were put into an 
open hghter (or drowning ship); and after receiving several 
blows on the skull with the butt-end of a musket, thrown 
into the water. These were called 'republican marriages,*" 
"Carrier," the most sanguinary wretch of the unfor- 
tunate period to which I allude, " chose from among the 
female prisoners, those whom he thought worthy of his 
foul embraces, and after being satiated with their charms, 
sent them to the guillotine." This was a member of the 
National Convention, a representative of the people, a 
law-giver! a true patriot! This inhuman wretch also 
sent a set of cut-throat viUians, to plunder the church- 
plate of a nunnery, and furiously upbraided the monsters 
because they had not killed ail the d — d b— hes. To these 



AENERAL CONSIDER ATION& 15 

dejected and defenceless females^ every insult and indig- 
nity were ofiered^ not forgetting the \a^, of which beastly 
libertines can be guilty. 

Five pretty women^ who were seized on by the negroes, 
emancipated by the nation, would not be given up by the 
aivages to the assassins. '' Two days afterwards, the 
inhuman n^roes, satiated with their captives, left them. 
One of these women, had been obliged to endure the 
approaches of more than a hundred of them. She had 
Men into a kind of stupor, and was unable to walk or to 
stand. The whole five were shot soon after ! " 

Thousands of infants were murdered and drowned, while 
Carrier and the committee used to turn the drownings 
into jests, and call them immersions, national baptisms^ 
f)ertical transportations, bathings, S^c, Numbers of the 
naked bodies of girls and women were among the slain. 
Every crime that the mind can imagine, was hourly per- 
petrated at this period. All was folly and madness ; the 
genius of Napoleon alone, could regenerate the nation. 
The victims were the royal family, the nobility, clergy, and 
gentry ; indeed every one who had anything to lose. The 
motto of the rabble was, " war to the gentlemen'^ houses, 
and peace to the cottages ;" and this induded the whole 
doctrine of equality, and liberty of the republic ! The 
rdgn of terror was, however, short, and religion, order, 
and social peace, were speedily re-established. 

The horrible barbarities now being committed in Spain, 
1838, by the contending armies, are an indelible disgrace 
to civilized Europe, in the ninteenth century. I have 
my information from distinguished officers of the British 
Auxilliary Legion, who were eye-witnesses, and on whose 
veracity I can rely. 

Captivarum partes omnium genitales, horribile dictu; 
semper cultris vel ensibus tiuncs, et in morientium vel 
mortuorum ora intruse sunt ! 



16 GENERAL CONSIDEBATIONS. 

£odem modo, capilli capitis et pudends muliebris abrad^ 
milites sex, decern, et aliquando vigenti vicissim rapere 
stuprum virgines singulas matroDasque. 

It cannot be denied, I presume, that the common people 
of aU nations, the ignorant and vulgar, who are unedu- 
cated, are extremely vicious; and would perhaps be as 
sanguinary as die French in 1789, and the Spaniards in 
1838, did not legislation,^ in some measure, control and 
punish them. I am not quite certain, that the upper and 
educated classes are not almost as immoral and depraved, 
though their vice» are not so apparent to the world. This 
will be proved in the account of prostitution hereafter. 
If we compare the accounts of licentiousness in all civi- 
lized and savage nations, it is proportionately the same^ 
It is common to all, '^ amor omnibus idem," but less fre- 
quent, according to the state of religion. It would be easy 
to give an abstract narrative of the wars, and miseries, and 
vices caused by the reproductive function, from the most 
remote antiquity to the present period. Neidier would it 
be difficult to enumerate many sanguinary wars, which 
originated, in different ages and nations, on accoimt of 
women. How many kingly divorces and depravities have 
occurred on the earth from this cause ; how much licen- 
tiousness degraded, and now degrades, the human species 
in all countries> and among all classes of the people. I 
cannot enter into details, and can only refer to the state of 
morality of this age,, in order to demonstrate the necessity 
and expediency of describing, a few of the errors, vices, 
and diseases caused by the abuse of the generative function. 

If we peruse the histories of expatriated criminals in 
different countries, we likewise find a great similarity, 
amounting almost to an identity, necessarily modified by 
the causes already mentioned. If we examine the im- 
morality of our own convicts, we shall find it most appalling 
and depraved*. 



17 



CHAPTER IL 

MORAL DSraATATION IN PENAL COLONIES. 

Ir we carefully examine the state of moral depravity in 
oor kige towns and cities^ we observe it displayed in 
infancy, childhood, adolescence, manhood, and old age. 
The truth and justness of this observation will appear by 
the reports of the Societies for the Suppression of Juvenile 
Prostitution and Vice, hereafter noticed. The conduct, lan- 
guage, and vices of the lower classes of the population, are 
become quite intolerable. We detect vice even in our 
homes, abroad, in our schools, colleges, and seminaries ; we 
observe it on the highway ; we find it punished in our law 
courts^ and we follow it to our penal settlements. But let 
08 peruse the melancholy report of the Rev. Dr. UUa- 
tfaome^ vicar-general of Australia, New South Wales, 
Van Diemen's Land, and Norfolk Island — a narrative 
which has been substantially authenticated to me by Sir John 
Hamett, whose integrity, ability, and veracity, as our Bri- 
tish Medical Commissioner for the investigation of cholera 
at Dantsig, in 1831, gained for him the general applause 
of Ins profession, both at home and abroad, while he con- 
tributed by his unequalled reports, to give a death-blow to 
the doctrine of contagion. After I had made the following 
extracts from the Rev. Dr. Ullathome s work, I fortunately 
obtained the Parliamentary Report, 1838, which was pub- 
lished in the Times, '^ On the system of transportation, its 
efficacy as a punishment ; its influence on the moral state 
of society in the penal colonies, and how far it is susceptible 
of improvement ;" and this fully corroborates the truth of 
every thing stated by the reverend author, from whom I 

G 



18 MORAL DEPRAVATION 

am about to quote freely. Several most respectable witnesses 
agreed in their evidence ; and among these were Sir George 
Arthur, late governor of Van Diemeu s Land ; Sir Richard 
Bourke, late governor of New South Wales ; Mr. Barton, 
Judge of the Supreme Court in the last-named colony ; 
Captain Maconochie, secretary to Sir John Franklin, the 
present governor of Van Diemen's Land; Sir E. Parry, 
&c., &c. Before I insert the history of moral depravity in 
New South Wales, I deem it necessary to prefix the Par- 
liamentary conclusions, 1838, on the origin of that penal 
settlement, which will indubitably convince every rational 
person, of the stupidity and criminality of the foolish 
government of the unfortunate period to which I refer. 

The committee commence their lucid report by observing, 
^' The punishment of transportation is founded on that of 
exile, both of which are unknown to common law." It 
was introduced as a punishment by the legislature of this 
country in the 3 9 th year of Elizabeth, and the first time it 
was mentioned was in the 18th Charles II., c. 3 : — 

'^ It appears, however, to have been the practice at an 
early period to subject transported offenders to penal la- 
bour, and to employ them as slaves on the estates of the 
planters, and the 4th George I., c. II, gave to the person 
who contracted to transport them, to his heirs, successors, 
and assigns, a property and interest in the services of such 
offenders, for the period of their sentences. The great 
want of servants in the colonies was one of the reasons 
assigned for this mode of punishment, and offenders were 
put up to auction and sold by the persons who undertook 
to transport them, as bondsmen for the period of their sen- 
tences. Notwithstanding, however, the dearth of labourers, 
many of the colonies, especially Barbadoes, Maryland, and 
New York, testified their disinclination to have their wants 
supplied by such means ; and the opinion of Franklin as 
to the letting lopse upon the new world the outcasts of the 



IN PEKAI^ COLONIES. 19 

old, is too well known for your committee to repeat it. 
W^ith the war of independence, transportation to America 
ceased. Instead of taking that opportunity for framing a 
good system of secondary punishments^ instead of putting 
in force the provisions of the 19th George 1 11.^ c. 74, by 
which parliament intended to establish in this country the 
penitentiary system of punishment, the Government of the 
day unfortunately determined to adhere to transportation. 
It was not^ however, deemed expedient to offer to the 
o^nies that remained loyal in America, the insult of 
making them any longer a place of punishment for of- 
fenders. It was determined, therefore, to plant a new 
colony for this sole purpose ; and an act was passed in the 
24th year of George III. which empowered His Majesty 
in council to appoint to what place beyond the seas, either 
within or without His Migesty's dominions, offenders shall 
be transported; and by two Orders in Council, diated 
December 6, 1786, the eastern coast of Australia and the 
adjacent islands were fixed upon. In the month of May, 
1787, the first band of convicts departed, which in the 
succeeding year founded the colony of New South Wales, 
*' To plant a colony, and to form a new society, has 
ever been an arduous task. In addition to the natural 
difficulties arising from ignorance of the nature of the soil 
and of the climate of a new country, the first settlers have 
generally had to contend with innumerable obstacles, 
which only undaunted patience, firmness of mind, and 
constancy of purpose, could overcome. But whatever the 
amount of difficulties attendant on the foundation of co- 
bnies, those difficulties were greatly augmented in New 
South Wales, by the character of the first settlers. The 
offenders who were transported in the past century to 
America were sent to communities, the bulk of whose popu- 
lation were men of thrift and probity ; the children of 
improvidence were dropped in by dribblets amongst the 



so UORAL DEPRAVATION 

mass of a population already formed, and were absorbed 
and assimilated as they were dropped in. They were 
scattered and separated from each other ; some acquired 
habits of honest industry, and all, if not reformed by their 
punishment, were not certain to be demoralized by it. In 
New South Wales, on the contrary, the community was 
composed of the very dregs of society— of men proved by 
experience to be unfit to be at large in any society, and 
who were sent from the British gaols, and turned loose to 
mix with one another in the desert, together with a few 
task-masters, who were to set them to work in the open 
wilderness, and with the military who were to keep them 
from revolt. The consequences of this strange assem- 
blage were vice, immorality, frightful disease, hunger, 
dreadful mortaUty among the settlers ; the convicts were 
decimated by pestilence on the voyage, and again deci- 
mated by famine on their arrival ; and the most hideous 
cruelty was practised towards the unfortunate natives. 
Such is the early history of New South Wales." 

Let us now peruse its history at the present period ; and 
we shall see that this colony deserves to be swept from the 
face of the earth. Let us hear, and reflect on, the de- 
plorable narrative which follows, and which is amply con- 
firmed by no less than twenty-three official witnesses, some 
of whose names were already mentioned. 

The eye of God," says the Rev. Dr. UUathome, 

looks down upon a people, such as, since the deluge, has 
not been. Where they marry in haste without affection : 
where each one lives to his senses alone. A community 
without the feelings of a community ; whose men are very 
wicked, whose women are very shameless, and whose 
children are very irreverent. Whose occupation has been, 
and is, as that described by the prophet of sorrow, * to 
stealy to murder, to commit adultery^ to swear falsely^ 

'' The naked savage who wanders through those endless 



(( 
(( 



IN PENAL COLONIES. 21 

forests^ knew of nothing monstrous in crime, except cani- 
ixilism, until England schooled him in horrors through 
hsT prisoners. The removal of such a plague from the 
earth concerns the whole human race." 

The learned and pious author, goes on to describe the 
progress of the convicts after landing. 

'^ They arrive in numbers of from two to three hundred 
in a ship, under the authority and superintendence of a 
surgeon of the royal navy. Thrown together for four 
months, with no occupation, they live over again their 
guilty joys and exciting hazards, devising new ones for 
the future. Their emulation, especially on board the En- 
glish ships, is, to exhibit to admiration their accomplish- 
ments in wickedness — to prove the most diverting of their 
comrades by the clever recital of their past infamies — to 
enrich the effect of the whole by the most profane and 
obscene language. Facts exhausted, imagination is ready 
with her teeming stores — thus they go on — ^incessantly 
applying the whet-stone to their wit, and sharpening the 
edge of their guilty cunning. The day over, they are 
closed down under night hatches, each rolled in his blanket, 
three, four, or more, placed together in one wooden crib 
— ^the seven years' prisoner couched with the convict for 
life — ^the petty thief with the murderer — the simple coun- 
tryman with the gaol polluted felon, and the monster from 
the hulk. With such a mass of individuals crowded to- 
gether so long a time, wonder not if you hear that the 
more decent soon rival the worst in depiavity of manners, 
insensibility of mind, and corruption of heart. Bibles, 
common prayers, and tracts, are plentifully distributed, 
even on board the Irish ships, where they are worse than 
useless ; whilst there is no anxiety to furnish the Catholic 
with one single book of prayer, or instruction, which he 
would gladly read. On Sunday, on board the Irish as 
well as English ships, the prisoners, a few Protestants 



22 MORAL DEPRAVATION 

sprinkled amongst them, are driven, like sheep, to the 
pasturage of Protestant common prayers and homiHes, the 
only effect of which is to stir up a secret spirit of dissatis- 
faction and revolt, and to plant the feeling of a grievance. 
The prisoner does not very nicely discriminate qualities, 
hut balances within his mind the wrong-doing of his task- 
masters against his own misdeeds, and deducts from the 
sum of respect which he considers due to the constituted 
authorities. 

" Arrived at their destination, and placed, in the first 
instance, in their barracks, they are not allowed to asso- 
ciate with the '' old hands" lest, say they, the new ones 
should be contaminated — an admission that they are not 
yet so bad, but they are destined to become worse. Until 
lately, the boys were confined in a separate establishment, 
but it proved such a hive of busy wickedness— sent out on 
the wing such a swarm of accomplished pests, that it is now 
broken up, and boys and men are lodged in the same great 
barrack. Here begins the initiation into the deeper mys- 
teries of the masonry of crime. I have known the well- 
disposed prisoner rejoice, after labouring all day, to be 
allowed to watch an unenclosed building during the incle- 
ment night, rather than be locked up there. I have known 
the infirm man invoke any torture elsewhere, so he might 
not rest there ; I have known the blind consider his pri- 
vation of sight a blessing, as shutting out wickedness 
through one sense from his knowledge. I remember a 
youth who, expressing his astonishment at the infamies 
amongst which he suddenly found himself, observed, 
^ Such things no one knows in Ireland.' I think I now 
see the newly-arrived convict, his frame shuddering and 
shrinking together, whilst^ with his feelings yet fresh, he 
recurs to the iniquities of those barracks. Colonel Arthur 
has spoken of the prisoner s ' exposure to ill usage from 
criminals worse than himself.' " 



IN PENAL COLONIES. 23 

The preceding account is fully attested by the Report of 
the Committee on the System of Transportation, and it is 
highly gratifying to state, that the committee suggest 
extensive amelioration in the condition of convicts, and 
propose classification of crimes and punishments. The 
horrible treatment of our convicts loudly demand it. 

'* The incentive to industry and good conduct is the 
lash. This is the favourite and most frequent punish- 
ment. Where a master in England finds fault, the master 
in Australia threatens the lash; where the master here 
grows angry, the master there swears, and invokes the 
lash ; where here he talks of turning away, there he pro- 
cares the infliction of the lash : for idleness, the lash ; for 
carelessness, the lash ; for insolence, the lash ; for drun- 
kenness, the lash ; for disobedience, the lash ; wherever 
there is reason, and wherever there is not reason, the lash. 
Ever on the master s tongue, and ever in the prisoner's 
ear, just as he himself urges his drowsy bullocks, sounds 
the lash !— the lash !•— the lash ! " 

Let us now hear the corroboration by the committee 
just referred to. 

^ The convict may likewise be punished by imprison- 
ment, solitary confinement, and labour in irons on the 
roads. That this law is by no means inoperative is proved 
by the fact, that in 1835 the number of summary con- 
victions in New South Wales amounted to 22,000, though 
the number of convicts in the colony did not exceed 
28,000 ; that in one month in 1833, 247 convicts v^re 
flogged in that colony, and 9,784 lashes inflicted, which 
would give for the year 2,964 flc^gings, and above 108,000 
lashes inflicted chiefly for insolence, insubordination, and 
neglect of work. In Van Diemen's Land the law which 
determines the condition of a convict servant is severer, 
and the number of summary convictions proportionately 
more numerous, than in New South Wales. In 1834 the 



34 MORAL DEPRAVATION 

number of convicts in Van Diemen's Land was about 
15,000; the suromary convictions amoonted to about 
15,000; and the number of lashes inflicted was about 
50,000. On the other hand, a convict^ if ill-treated, may 
complain of his master ; and if he substantiate his charge, 
the master is deprived of his services ; but for this pur- 
pose the convict must go before a bench, sometimes 100 
miles distant, composed of magistrates, most of whom are 
owners of convict labour. Legal redress is therefore rarely 
sought for, and still more rarely obtained, by the injured 
convict" 

In short, to use the words of the late Chief Justice of 
Australia, ^'li frequently happens, that lesser ofienders 
against the law come to be punished with disproportionate 
severity, while greater criminals escape with comparative 
impunity.'* 

'1 he committee have strongly suggested to the legis- 
lature and government, to confine and subject criminals 
sentenced to transportation, to hard labour in peniten- 
tiaries and other prisons at home, and to relinquish the 
immoral custom of sending them to penal colonies. 

When these unfortunate wretches are driven almost mad 
by the lash, they are then sent to the chain-gangs, and 
worked in irons, under a military guard. At night, they 
are locked up in square portable boxes, some sixteen bdng 
crowded together in a space considerably less than two 
feet square for each person. The countenances of these 
men are shocking to behold. On board the Sydney hulk, 
ten or twelve are crowded together into a cell so small that 
they cannot lie on their backs ; and they are often com- 
pelled to stand and lie down alternately, for want of room. 

According to the philanthropic author from whom I 
quote, the female convicts are far worse, and more difficult 
to be reformed, than the male. Their general character is 
immodesty, drunkenness^ and the most horrible language. 



IK PBNAL COLONIES. 2$ 

Thej are intrigaed with by their masters or their servants, 
whose ill^timate children are nursed for two years^ and 
then sent to the orphan school, where no inquiry is made, 
and the mothers return again and again. " I have bap- 
tised," says the author, '^ fourteen of these children at one 
time, whose mothers seldom showed any sign that they felt 
aduuoed, or were conscious of such a feeling." According 
(ohim, the female houses of correction are sinks of abomi- 
nation. The observations of M. Duchatelet, quoted here- 
after, amply confirm the truth of this statement. In some 
are six hundred inmates, whose principal occupation is the 
work of mutual corruption. ^' I know a lady," says the 
author, " who, from her experience, durst not entrust her 
infant children with women, but actually employed men 
coQvicts as nurses in preference." 

As marriage makes the female convict her own mistress, 
by assigning her from her service to her husband, it is 
eagerly sought after. The motive is, to obtain personal 
fiberty. A slight, often the merest accidental acquaint- 
ance — affection unconsulted— -disparity of age, of character, 
and of manners, thrown out of consideration — the possi- 
bility of a previous union in the mother country unheeded 
—the known fact of such a prior engagement concealed— 
and they are married, to drag each other through a life of 
misery and mistrust The numerical disparity between 
the sexes amongst the prison population, is about ten to 
one, and is the cause of indescribable evils. It must be 
manifest to the commonest understanding, that the trans- 
portation and chaining of a number of depraved men 
together, in the prime of life and strength, and totally ex- 
cluding them from the opposite sex, must be productive of 
the most horrible crimes. This is forcibly dwelt on in the 
Parliamentary Report on Transportation, which also con- 
tains the following corroboration of the former extracts. 
^ Assignment is the punishment for female, as well as for 



24 

number of eoovkte m Van Diemen's Lmd wis about 
15,000; the ramniaiT connctkmi amoaited to about 
15,000; and die mimber of ladies inflicted was about 
50,000. On die other hand, a conTict, if iD-treated, may 
comj^ain of his master ; and if he snbrtantiafee his diarge, 
die master is deprived of his scrriees ; but for this pur- 
pose die cooTict mnst go before a bendi, sometimes 100 
miks distant, composed of magistrates, most of whom are 
owners of convict labour. Legal redress is diereforerardy 
soogfat for^ and still mote rardy obtained, by die injured 
convict" 

In short, to nse die words of the late Chief Jusdee of 
Australia, ''It frequendy happens, that lesser ofienders 
against the law come to be punished with disproportionate 
severity, while greater criminals escape with comparative 
impunity.*" 

The committee have stronj^y suggested to the legis- 
lature and government, to confine and subject criminals 
sentenced to transportation, to hard labour in peniten- 
tiaries and other prisons at home, and to relinquish the 
immoral custom of sending them to penal colonies. 

When these unfortunate wretches are driven almost mad 
by the lash, they are then sent to the chain-gangs, and 
worked in irons, under a military guard. At night, they 
are locked up in square portable boxes, some sixteen bdng 
crowded together in a space considerably less than two 
feet square for each person. The countenances of these 
men are shocking to behold. On board the Sydney hulk, 
ten or twdve are crowded together into a cell so small that 
they cannot lie on their backs ; and they are often com- 
pelled to stand and lie down alternately, for want of room. 

According to the philandiropic author from whom I 
quote, the female convicts are far worse, and more difficult 
to be reformed, than the male. Their general character is 
immodesty, drunkenness, and the most horrible language. 



IK PENAL COLONIES. . 2$ 

They are intrigued with by their masters or their servanti, 
whose illegitimate children are nursed for two years^ and 
then sent to the orphan school^ where no inquiry is made, 
uui the mothers return again and again. " I have bap- 
tized," says the author, '^ fourteen of these children at one 
time, whose mothers seldom showed any sign that they felt 
ashamed, or were conscious of such a feeling." According 
to him, the female houses of correction are sinks of abomi- 
nation. The observations of M. Duchatelet, quoted here- 
after, amply confirm the truth of this statement. In some 
are six hundred inmates, whose principal occupation is the 
work of mutual corruption. ^' I know a lady," says the 
author, " who, from her experience, durst not entrust her 
infant children with women, but actually employed men 
convicts as nurses in preference." 

As marriage makes the female convict her own mistress, 
by assigning her from her service to her husband, it is 
eagerly sought after. The motive is, to obtain personal 
liberty. A slight, often the merest accidental acquaint- 
ance — affection unconsulted--disparity of age, of character, 
and of manners, thrown out of consideration — the possi- 
bility of a previous union in the mother country unheeded 
— the known fact of such a prior engagement concealed— 
and they are married, to drag each other through a life of 
misery and mistrust. The numerical disparity between 
the sexes amongst the prison population, is about ten to 
one, and is the cause of indescribable evils. It must be 
manifest to the commonest understanding, that the trans- 
portation and chaining of a number of depraved men 
together, in the prime of life and strength, and totally ex- 
cluding them from the opposite sex, must be productive of 
the most horrible crimes. This is forcibly dwelt on in the 
Parliamentary Report on Transportation, which also con- 
tains the following corroboration of the former extracts. 
^ Assignment is the punishment for female, as well as for 



Sd MOBAI. DKPRATATION 

women who are waiting to be aaigned. This class appean 
to be a very numerous one, as out of 590 females in the 
factory at Paramatta, in 1836, 108 were nursing children ; 
what portion of the remainder were pregnant women is not 
stated; at the same time there were in the factory 136 
diildren between the ages of one and three years, the iUe- 
gitimate children of convicts. The factory at Parmatta is, 
therefore, in reaUty a lying-in hospitaL" 

To prevent these evilsy a company has been sending out 
shiploads of free and virtuous females, whoUy unprotected, 
and with a view of marrying depraved convicts ! The 
false and extravagant hopes held out to these poor crea- 
tnres, are followed by complete disappointment and self- 
abandonment. The lure is, to induce the unthinking and 
uninformed to suppose, that the convict's must be a happy 
lot, and that it is a delightful thing to receive his hand in 
marriage ! 1 have known respectable and virtuous young 
women imposed on by this shameful deception ; and 1 have 
been repeatedly informed by some sui^eons to the emigrant 
vessels, some of them my old pupils, that modem female 
emigration is a gross and vicious imposition. 

But of all our penal colonies, Norfolk Island is the 
worst. — " It is as bad as those cities on which the Lord 
rained down his fire and his fury ; so corrupt was the or- 
dinary language, as incessantly to present the imagination 
with the absent objects of the passions, as though present, 
-—so perverse, that in the dialect of the prisoners, evil was 
literally called good, and good, evil; the well-disposed man 
was called wicked, whilst the leader in monstrous vice was 
styled virtuous. The human heart seemed inverted, and 
the very conscience reversed." 

" There is another class of crimes in this island, too 
frightAil, even for the imagination of other lands, which 
St. Paul, in detailing the vices of the heathens, has not 
contemplated ; which were unknown to the savage, until 



IK PBNAI* COLONIES. 99 

taught by the convict— crimes which are notorioos^-crimes 
that, dare I describe them^ would make your blood to 
freeze, and your hair to rise erect in horror upon the pale 
flesh. Let them be enfolded in eternal darkness." Most 
unfortunately for morals, the crimes alluded to are common 
in all civilized countries, and were known to convicts in 
their native homes. — '' Many convicts declared on the 
Bcafibld that they preferred suffering death to being sent 
to Norfolk Island, fearing more the depravity of that place 
than death itself." 

The Report of the Transportation Committee, so often 
dted, fully attests the statements of Dr. Ullathome re- 
specting Norfolk Island, as it equally does every part of 
his report. I cannot conclude my quotations from his 
admirable report without a few more extracts, which clearly 
diow the superior influence of Christianity over modem 
mock philosophy, licentiousness, and vice. 

I most cheerfully make the succeeding quotations, with an 
ardent wish and sincere desire to see the horrible condition 
of our convicts ameliorated and more humaniaed :-^ 

^ So indifferent had even life become, that murders 
were committed in cold blood ; the murderer afterwards 
declaring he had no ill-feeling against his victim, but that 
his sole object was to obtain his own release. Lots were 
even cast; the man on whom it fell committed the deed — 
his comrades being witnesses, with the sole view of being 
taken, for a time, from the scenes of their daily miseries to 
appear in the court at SSydney, although, after the execu« 
tion of their comrade, they knew they should be remanded 
to their former haunts of wretchedness. So notorious is 
this fact, that it was made the ground of a legislative 
enactment, by the power of which, criminals are now tried 
by a special commission upon the island. This arrangement 
baa, in a great measure, suspended such atrocities, though 
it has not altogether put an end to them* The life of these 



30 MORAL DEPBAYATION 

men was one of despair ; their passions, severed from their 
usual oljects^ centred in one intense thirst for liberty, to 
be gained at whatever cost. Their faces were like those of 
demons. If a comrade was suspected of betraying their 
practices, he could no longer^ with safety, sleep amongst 
them^ but was separated to secure life. 

'^ In 1834, a conspiracy was formed by the prisoners to 
destroy the military and seize the island. They were de- 
feated, and thirty-one of their number condemned to death. 
In 1835, I sailed to the island to prepare such of them as 
might be Catholic to meet their end. My unexpected ap- 
pearance, late on the night of my arrival, came on them 
likie a vision. I found them crowded in three cells, so 
small as barely to allow their lying down together — their 
upper garments thrown off for a little coolness. They had 
for six months been looking for their fate. I had to an- 
nounce life to all but thirteen — to these, death. A few 
words of preparation, and then their fate. Those who 
were to live, wept bitterly ; whilst those doomed to die, 
without exception, dropped on their knees, and, with dry 
eyes, thanked God they were to be delivered from so 
horrid a place. Who can describe our emotions ? I found 
only three of the condemned to be Catholic — ^four others 
wished me to take them also to my care. During the five 
days permitted for preparation, they manifested extraor- 
dinary fervour of repentance. The morning come, they 
received on their knees the sentence as the will of God. 
Loosened from their chains, they fell down in the dust, 
and, in the warmth of their gratitude, kissed the very feet 
that had brought them peace. Their death moved many 
of their comrades. On the two successive days of execu- 
tion and burial^ I preached, from the graves of the dead, 
to their former associates. During the week still allowed 
before the departure of the ship, twenty conversions fol- 
lowed, and one hundred and fifty general confessions. I 



IN PENAL COLONIES. 31 

left books behind me before departure^ arranged a form of 
pnyer for their use on Sunday^ and obtained the appoint- 
ment of one as reader^ whose duty also it should be to teach 
those to read who were unable^ in the intervals between 
labour and food. 

''At the close of 1836, my good bishop permitted me 
again to visit Norfolk Island, a duty I had much at heart. 
1 was received with great joy by my poor penitents, who, 
through all sorts of ridicule and persecution from their 
comrades, had persevered in their resolutions. I admitted 
them to the holy communion. Nearly sixty had learned 
to read their prayer books. The commandant assured me, 
that crime had considerably diminished, and that the Ca- 
tholics were remarkably attentive to their duties of reli- 
gion. Let me not forget how much of this was owing to 
the prudence and solicitude of the commandant himself. 
I record the name of Major Anderson with unmingled 
satisfaction. His minute personal knowledge of the des- 
perate men under his charge, and the discrimination with 
which he encourages the well disposed, whilst he strikes 
terror into the obstinate, has been attended with most 
salutary consequences. What was my delight to find that^ 
for the fifteen months elapsed since my last visit, there 
was not one Catholic to be brought before the judge. 
During the fifteen days allowed me before our return, 
three hundred confessions, and twelve conversions, re- 
ivarded my labours. I saw these dreaded characters come 
to the arms of religion like children. What may she not 
do with men when every hope from this world is departed, 
and nothing appears on their path but sufferings. The 
penitents, now become the greater number of Catholics, 
b^ged to be locked up in separate wards from the rest, that 
they might say their morning and night prayers together* 
Except these two visits, no priest has been at Norfolk 
Island r Oh ! British Governments, Tory and Whig ! 



32 MORAL DEPBAVATION 

The Report on Transportation thus proceeds : — *' The 
condition of the convicts in these settlements has been 
shown to your committee to be one of unmitigated wretch- 
edness. Sir Francis Forbes, Chief Justice of Australia, 
stated, in a letter to Mr. Amos on the subject of trans- 
portation, that ' the experience furnished by these penal 
settlements has proved that transportation is capable of 
being carried to an extent of suffering such as to render 
death desirable, and to induce many prisoners to seek it 
jmder its most appalling aspects.' And the same gentle- 
man, in his evidence before your committee, said, ' that 
he had known many cases, in which it appeared that con- 
victs at Norfolk Island had committed crimes which sub- 
jected them to execution, for the mere purpose of being 
sent up to Sydney ; and the cause of their desiring to be 
80 sent was to avoid the state of endurance under which 
they were placed in Norfolk Island ; that he thought, from 
the expressions they employed, that they contemplated the 
certainty of execution ; that he believed they deliberately 
preferred death, because there was no chance of escape, 
and they stated they were weary of Ufe, and would rather 
go to Sydney and be hanged.' Sir Ftancis Forbes likewise 
mentioned the case of several men at Norfolk Island cut- 
ting the heads of their fellow-prisoners with a hoe while at 
work, with a certainty of being detected, and with a cer- 
tainty of being executed; and, according to him, they 
acted in this manner apparently without malice, and with 
very slight excitement, stating they knew they should be 
hanged, but it was better than being where they were. A 
similar case was mentioned by the Rev. Henry Stiles, in 
his report to Sir Richard Bourke on the state of Norfolk 
Island; and Sir George Arthur assured your committee 
that similar cases had recently occurred at Port Arthur. 
3ir Francis Foibes was then asked, ^ What good do you 
think is produced by the infliction of so horrible a punish- 



IN PENAL COLONIES. 33 

ment in Norfolk Island ; and upon whom do you think it 
produces good ?' His answer was, ^ That he thought that 
it did not produce any good ;' and that ' if it were to he 
put to himself^ he should not hesitate to prefer deaths 
under any form that it could be presented to him^ rather 
than such a state of endurance as that of the convict at 
Norfolk Island.' " 

" These few pages^ dear readers^ give you some little in- 
formation respecting the lot of the transported convict^ 
and the labours and wants of the Australasian mission^ 
They appeal to the heart of every Catholic and every 
denomination of Christians in the United Kingdom. 

" If I am asked my motive for writings and means of 
information^ I answer^ as to my means of information^ that 
for five years I have conversed, and almost lived with the 
convict. I have often received him on his arrival in New 
South Wales j I have ^rice visited him in Van Diemen's 
Land ; I have attended him in his barracks ; I have fol- 
lowed him through every district of the country to his 
place of assignment ; I have collected him from the plough- 
ing oxen in the fields — from the sheep wandering in their 
vast tracts — ^and from the wild cattle in their distant runs. 
I have been familiar with him in every township, and on 
every highway ; I have celebrated the mysterious rites of 
oar religion in the bark but, beneath the gum tree in the 
valley, and on the blue mountain's top^ which the white 
cloud coversr The daughter of crime has burdened my 
ear with her tale of folly and of woe ; the dark-faced man 
has come to me, in his dress of shame and clanking fetters, 
from the d^aded iron-gan^ ; the sentenced criminal l:as 
wrung my heart, filling my eyes, in the cell of death. I 
have twice sailed with him to that last region on earth of 
crime and despair, Norfolk Island. He has confided him- 
self to me, like a brother to an afilicted brother, and has 
poured his whole soul into my breast. 



34 DfORAL DEPRATATION 

" As to my motive, I have but one on earth. It occu- 
pied me years before I was permitted to follow it. It has 
taken me round the world ; it has induced me to return 
to my mother country now, for a time ; it, alone, will per- 
suade me to return. This is my motive — the reformation 
of the convict. 

" If I am thought bold, consider my cause. Fifty thou- 
sand souls are festering in bondage. The iron which 
cankers their heel corrodes their heart ; the scourge which 
drinks the blood of their flesh, devours the spirit of their 
manhood. They are cast out for intimidation, and they 
encourage ; for purification, and they are infinitely worse 
than when their country threw them away. To these we 
are yearly adding above six thousand more. Would to 
heaven the common error were removed, and the poor 
people knew the bodily sufferings, and the moral horrors, 
which, at those remote extremes, await the hapless convict, 
now blind to his fate. 

'^ We have been doing an ungracious and an ungodly 
thing. We have taken a vast portion of God*s earth, and 
have made it a cesspool ; we have taken the oceans, which, 
with their wonders, gird the globe, and have made them 
the channels of a sink ; we have poured down scum upon 
scum, and dregs upon dr^s, of the offscourings of man- 
kind, and as these harden and become consistent together, 
we are building up with them a nation of crime, to be, 
unless something be speedily done, a curse and a plague, 
and a by- word to all the people of the earth." 

The following appeal on behalf of the misery of our 
truly wretched convicts in New South Wales, and other 
penal colonies, cannot fail to prove beneficial, and I there- 
fore, insert it with melaucholy pleasure. 

'^ You are not called, Uke us, to leave all things for the 
sake of the biiserable ; but to aid us in the work of their 
reparation is the vocation of all. I am but a voice — the 



IN PENAL COLONIES. 35 

voice of many thousands crying to you from the ends of 
the earth — the voice of lamentations — the groans of the 
captive — the call for help — the cry of despair — the huJOf 
den of Australia. Fifty thousand souls are festering in 
hondage. The iron has entered their souls — the scourge 
devours them. Their calamities can only he expressed by 
inspirations of sorrow. ^ They went down in great ships 
upon the sea, they saw the wonders of God in the deep — 
through evils their souls pined away. They are cast upon 
the ends of the earthy deprived of all their dear ones. Bitter 
things are written against them — they are consumed for 
the sins of their youth. Sorrow oppresses their lives; 
wrinkles bear witness against them. They reap the sor- 
rows they had sown. Their bread is loathsome to their 
eye — their meat unto their soul. As slaves they long for 
the shade ; they sigh for the end of their work. They he 
down to rest saying, when shall I rise ? They rise, and 
walk through sorrow to the darkness. Their skin is 
withered and drawn together ; their flesh is devoured by 
the sun and dust. They are encompassed round about 
with stripes, the scourge comes upon them and they faint. 
The eyes that saw them shall see them no more; their 
place no more beholds them. Their children are oppres- 
sed with want; they know not whether they come to honour 
or to dishonour. Their hands render unto them sorrow. 
Their bones are filled with the corruptions of their youth. 
The riches they swallowed are cast forth; they are 
punished for all they did. They are straitened; God 
hath rained down war upon them ; the sword is drawn — 
as it cometh forth, it glittereth in bitterness ; the terrible 
ones come and go upon them. A fire that no hand 
kindleil devours them ; they are afflicted when alone in 
their tent They look for death, as those who dig for 
treasure, and it cometh not ; they are exceedingly rejoiced 
when they have found a grave. The offspring of iheir 

d2 



36 MORAL DEPRAVATION 

houfie is exposed. What remains of them is huried in 
deaths and their widows do not weep.. As for me, when 
r rememher, I am afraid ; trembling seized my flesh. 
Am I not enclosed in a prison with the dead? Shall I 
speak but in the affliction of my soul ? SAiall I remain 
silent whilst strength remains ?* 

** We have given ourselves — ^we have nothing left; we 
call on you for help. If in your love of Ood^ you would 
see banished from before his face this army of crime, 
which offends him — ^help us. If^ in your charity, you 
look out for the poorest objects, if those most lost, if those 
who have least aid within themselves — ^help us. If you 
would descend to the deepest miseries, and carry down 
there the most blessed good, and pour it out to the greatest 
number of the unhappy— assist us. If you would aspire 
to a godlike work, if to emulate the perfection of that 
Eternal Father, whose work is the creation of good, and 
the diffusion of Ught through the places of darkness, and 
the preparation of enjoyment, co-operate with him in the 
divinest of all his divine works, the salvation of the fallen 
— ^help us. 

'^ If you would be associated in the redemption of 
Christ, who came down with sacrifice to deliver us vrhen 
heathens, and preached to the souls in prison — ^hdp us. 
If to share in the merits of our apostleship without the 
toil, and in our blessed consolations without the sacrifice 
— ^if to combine the works of mercy spiritual with those 
corporal, and present them in one act to Christ — ^help us. 
If to these despairing thousands you would be as the visible 
providence of God — ^if at that last dread day you would 
hear their appealing voices on your behalf, ' The Lord 
sent this his angel, who delivered me out of prison" — if, 
in that great hour, you would hear from the Eternal Son 
the decision of your election, ' / was in prison, and ye 
came unto me* — ^if you would snatch from perdition these 



IV rENAX* COLONIES. 37 

souls, wash them in the blood of the cross^ and place 
them, as celestial rubies^ in your own immortal crown— 
bring to us help. 

*' If ever there was a prayer, deep, soSemn, earnest — 
if CTer a supi^cation of the heart from which all pride 
and confidence were gone, crushed out by the force of 
calamity and the pressure of distress— if ever an entreaty 
from the soul, it is the cry of the convict to you. He has 
offended; is he not punished? He put you in danger; is 
he not cast out? He deserves ; are you then the avenger 
of blood ? ' Forgive us our sins^ as we forgive others,' 
Have you then nothing to forgive ? Shall the cross be 
taken down ? the wounds of Christ cease to flow ? the 
gates of mercy be dosed, and all pardon be at an end ? 
Whatever have been their crimes, are they not now sacred, 
anointed with sorrow and consecrated to affliction? What 
if their conditions of life had been yours, yours theirs ? 
We are relentless and undisceming in our condemnations 
of the fallen. I have often compared the monster hunted 
from before man with the poor penitent trembling before 
God, and have found them in one person. How many 
good tendencies and sources of right feeling are there even 
in the worst of men, for which the world gives them little 
credit, and which, had they been duly appreciated and 
rightly directed, would have made all the difference ? I 
have known men who, though death awaited them, and all 
the moving mysteries of religion were displayed before 
their faith, yet felt themselves hard and insensible as the 
iron that bound ihem ; but they felt it as a torture of the 
soul, from which they istrove and prayed deliverance in 
vain. Were these men impenitent ? Yet how could the 
world have comprehended their repentance ? Could you 
but see those dark-browed men, when we recall to them 
their innocent years ; when we oppose their sufferings with 
the passioB nf Christ; when, unfolding the mystery of 



38 MORAL DEPRAVATION 

grace^ we show them that^ with this world and its hopes 
vanished^ all is far from heing lost : could you hut mark 
the fixed gaze — the tremble — the long sob — the tear, 
frozen since infancy, bursting down the furrowed cheek of 
clay — the hard-clasped hands— the shudder, as some great 
truth comes forth — the prostrate form, the glowing face, 
the fervent prayer — you would confess in them the power 
of grace, the will broken of its stubbornness, the heart 
subdued. Oh, who will give them of those apostolic men, 
who dwell beneath the shadow of the cross and preach 
nothing but its excellencies. Men who will go forth under 
the banner of the bleeding King, insatiable of suffering ; 
who will seek no rest but where they bring peace; and 
who will count their wealth but in the number of rescued 
souls. 

" But let me conclude — ^rest I am not allowed ; for 
wherever I go and whatever I do, the voices of these 
wretched men follow me. Thdr shrunken forms gather 
round me, an army of distress reproaching my delays. 
The stagnant gaze from the interior — the dissolute features 
from the factory — the red glare through the sunken eye of 
the barrack — the down-bent dejection of the iron-gang — 
the swollen heail raised from the death-cell floor, repress- 
ing the bursting heart — the shame-sunk female from her 
destroyer, bowed down with memory — the palsied head, 
white with age, but without reverence, from the asylum— 
the haggard despair from Norfolk Island ; their spectral 
forms gather round us, like a forest of humanity blasted 
by the visitation of God. Oh, remember the human lot, 
and have pity ! The presence of Christ is amongst them ; 
his wounds and his agonies bleed anew ; he calls on you 
for help. Will you refuse him ? No ; for you' also are the 
child of his sorrows. The wild heathen wanders through 
them deprived of light. The little children point with 
their finger, and ask you whether they shall become like 



IN PENAL C0LOS1E8* 39 

these. From the shadow of death that covers them^ 
' bound in poverty and u-on/ they stretch forth their arms 
with mine to supplicate you." * 

It is highly gratifying to state, that there is every reason 
to expect, that the present government and legislature of 
this country will speedily endeavour to ameliorate the con- 
dition of our convicts, and support a sufficient number of 
clergymen^ of different denominations, in our penal setde- 
ments. The able and humane Report on Transportation 
so largely quoted, fully warrants this conclusion. The 
reporters strongly suggest the total abolition of transpor- 
tation to penal colonies, and the substitution of imprison- 
ment for 7, 10, or 15 years in our hulks or penitentiaries 
in its stead. The Secretary of State for the Home 
Department, Lord John Russell, and the Secretary for 
the Colonies, Lord Glenelg, have aheady ordered the 
discontinuance of corporal punishment in Australia, &c. 

Having now given the preceding deplorable account of 
immorality in our penal colonies, I proceed to describe it 
in civilized countries, and shall select two European capi- 
tals, Paris and London, as examples of all others. Let us 
now examine the present state of prostitution in these two 
cities, with a view to its diminution, and to its evils on 
health and morals. 

• Donations, including religious books, are received for the Australian 
Misnon, by Messrs. Wright and Co., bankers, Henrietta Street, Covent 
Garden, and by Messrs. Keating and Brown, booksjUers, Duke Street, 
Manchester Siuare, and St. Martin le Grand, oppo^ute the General Post 
OIS?e, London. 



40 



CHAPTER III. 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 



I UAVE enumerated the principle vices of mankind in 
relation to the animal function under consideration, in my 
works on the Philosophy of Marriage^ A Manual of 
Midwifery and Diseases of Women and Children, and 
A Manual of Medical Jurisprudence^ or the evidence 
afforded by medical practitioners to the legislature or in 
the different courts of justice ; and therefore shall now 
confine my observations to evik resulting to morals, and 
from venereal abuses. I shall now rapidly draw these 
preliminary remarks to a termination^ by giving a short 
review of the principal facts and conclusions contained in 
a most philantrophic and valuable work* very favourably 
eulogised by medical reviewers in all civilized countries, 
and entitled— On Prostitution in Paris, By Dr. Parent 
Duchatelet. 

The facts attested in this work comparatively apply to 
all civilized nations^ and afford ample ground for the 
serious reflection of every memba: of society ; but more 
especially of the virtuous^ the religious^ and the l^slative. 
There is nothing in this book^ to excite the passions^ every 
thing to humble and chasten them ; and there is abun- 
dance of evidence to prove the expediency and necessity 
of the improvement of public morals not only in France, 
but likewise in all countries. 

The medical reviewers of this work, have occupied 
several numbers of our best periodicals, and the informa- 
tion given cannot fail to interest every rational individual 
who has arrived at the adult age. 






PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 41 

The leading and by far the best medical review in this 
capital, thus notices it: — '^ The volumes will be read very 
extensively beyond the sphere of the medical profession, 
and they will remain a lasting memorial of the author's 
unexampled industry. We agree with a contemporary 
reviewer, that there is scarcely a sentence in these volumes 
calculated to offend the most deUcate ear^ notwithstanding 
the revolting nature of the subject ! We are not sure that 
a considerable portion of these volumes might not be pe- 
nned in the boudoirs of our ladies^ without any serious 
iojory— perhaps with advantage. But be this as it may^ the 
politician, philosopher^ philanthropist^ and physician will 
read these volumes with no common interest." {The 
MedieO'Chirurgical Review and Journal of Practical 
Medicine, £dited by James Johnson^ M.D., Phydciaii 
Extraordinary to the late King^ and Henry James Johnson, 
Eaq., Lecturer on Anatomy at the School of St. George's 
Hospital^ in Kinnerton Street, No. 51, Jan. 1837.) Indeed 
this review expresses the universal opinion of the work in all 
countries. (See^so The Lancet, Medical Gazette, Ryan's 
London Medical and SurgicalJourmU, The Dublin and 
Edinburgh Medical Journals, The British and Foreign 
Medical Remevo, and the Continental and British Medical 
Review, for equally favourable criticisms on this work.) 

With every sentiment of respect for the late revered 
author, I cannot help remarking, that though he has told 
^ the truth," I cannot think, he has told '* the whole truth," 
when his conclusions on being compared with those de« 
duciUe from many sources in the succeeding chapter, 
would lead to the belief that Paris is less depraved than 
London. The contrary opinion is, I believe, universally 
received in this country. It is, however, to be lecoUected 
diat the mode of living, and the amount of wealth are 
widely different in the two capitals, and that the degree of 
affluence and luxury have close relation to each other. 



42 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS* 

The most positive evidence will be adduced hereafter^ tha*^ 
the immoral productions of France^ Germany, Italy, &e«. 
are infinitely more vicious than those of this country* 
There is abundant occular demonstration of this fact;* 
I am ready to acknowledge that M. Duchatelet's work h 
entitled to all the praise it has received, because it 
highly calculated to effect great improvement in puldic 
morals; and being strongly impressed with this conviiS^ 
tion, I quote it freely, and imitate the author in giving an 
account of prostitution in London and America, with the 
most sanguine hope of doing good to mankind. 

The laudable object of the author of Prostitution in 
Paris, was to obtain information from the medical pro 
fession, the magistracy^ and the police, so that the sub- 
ject of his inquiry has been examined in all its bearings; 
and the legislator, the magistrate, the physician, the sur- 
geon, and the philanthropist, now possess a store of know- 
ledge to guide them in their amelioration of the social 
intellectual, and pathological conditions of a deeply de- 
graded but important class — ^important from the influence 
it may exert upon the rest of society. It is important to 
state that the author expended no less than eight years in 
collecting his materials, and not only describes the causes 
of prostitution, but what is the best policy to be adopted 
towards the wretched victims, for the preservation of their 
health, and for the diminution of the amount of evil, which 
they inflict on the whole community, without^ at the same 
time giving encouragement to a vice, which prevails to so 
great an extent at present. 

It appears that the happy results of the sanitary sur- 
veillance exercised by the police in Paris since 1800, have 
led the authorities of Rome, Naples, Milan, the chief towns 
in Germany, Holland, Belgium, the Brazils, and the 
United States, to request information respecting the ma- 
nagement and treatment of prostitutes in the French 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 43 

capital; but there was no source from the records of 
it which satisfactory and conclusive replies could be given, 
TT. M. Duchatelet founds on a careful examination of all 

ift the records on the subject, that these were for the most 
ii part, replete with errors, and the falsest notions, with the 
exception of some few historical notices. He, therefore, 
examined for himself, and refuted or confirmed the re- 
ceived opinions. 

I cannot however follow him through his minute details, 
but shall only notice his leading conclusions, strongly re- 
commending every l^slator, judge, magistrate, and 
medical practitioner to carefully peruse the original pro- 
duction. 

Number of Prostitutes in Paris. — According to this 
author, the number of prostitutes in Paris in 1836, was 
about 18,000, 6ne half of whom were kept women. The 
number was about 30,000 during the republic after 1793. 
The number in London, according to the reports of the 
police superintendents is from 8000 to 10,000. 

The variations of those in Paris from 1812 to 1832 are 
remarkable; in 1812 there were only 1293; in 1832, 
3558 ; and the increase is to be attributed to the invasion 
of foreign armies, and various other causes. 

Four hundred and fifty-one were Europeans not natives 
of France — of these, Belgium supplied 161, Switzerland 
59 ; Prussia, 58 ; Holland, 23 ; England, 23 ; Savoy, 
22; Austria, 15; Spain, 14; Piedmont, 11; Rome, 7; 
Poland, G; Ireland, 4; Naples, 3; Scotland, 1. 

The regularity with which foreigners of this class arrive 
every year in Paris is very remarkable. The number of 
prostitutes, natives of France, v(^ere,from 10th April, 1816, 
to April 30, 1831, a period of fifteen years, 12,201, in- 
cluding 506 foreigners, in all 12,707. 

Nations which furnish these women. — The prostitutes 
bom in Paris are almost exclusively of the class of artisans. 



44 PROSTITUTION IK PARIS. 

and only four belonging to respectable families. The fanii- 
lies of the labourers and others^ who cannot attend to the 
education of their daughters^ nor watch, nor provide for 
their wants when they attain a certain age, are those which 
supply servants, and women of the workshops. 

A third of the fathers were men who could not write 
their names ; and those of the departments were still more 
illiterate. The prostitutes of Paris and the departments 
belong to the poorest and most miserable families. A 
great migority of the former were legitimate, and not ille- 
gitimate or foundling infants, as many imagine. 

'* The influence of the sedentary employments of the 
manufactory and workshop is very remarkable upon cer- 
tain classes. The smallness of the remuneration of their 
labouring inmates is well known ; and as the workpeople 
have frequently no resource but their labour, it may well 
be asked, how is it possible for them, with such means, to 
obtain even the merest necessaries of life ? It should be 
observed, too, that a number of causes continually occur to 
suspend the works of these establishments, and throw out 
of employment, for two or three months at a time, work- 
women, who find it impossible to put by any part of their 
receipts, and who frequently, from the division of labour 
introduced into our manufactures, only know how to pro- 
duce one particular thing. Destitute girls, under such 
circumstances, — ^isolated, and without friends, without 
having received even the commonest education, a prey to 
many passions, surrounded with temptations and bad 
examples, frequently a prey to every privation, and having 
in perspective the cruellest of deaths, that of hunger, — fly 
to resources the most repugnant to the wealthy and vir- 
tuous, in whose minds their condition is well calculated to 
arouse philanthropic reflection." 

The reader will admit, that the author from whom I 
quote, has accurately described the actual condition of 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 45 

those numerous girls Und women in this country^ who are 
compelled to work or earn the means of their support. 

Education, — The education of prostitutes is very defec- 
tive. Of 4,470 born and brought up in Paris, 1,780 signed 
very badly, 110 signed well, 248 doubtful, 2,232 could not 
sign their names ; and of 7,600 bom in the departments, 
4^52 were unable to sign. 

Ages, — Of 3,245, 2 were r^stered above 10 years ; 3 
at 11; 3 at 12; 6 at 13; 20 at 14; 51 at 15; 111 at 16; 
U9 at 17 ; 279 at 18 ; 322 at 19 ; 389 at 20 ; 303 at 21 ; 
300 at 22; 215 at 23; 179 at 24 ; 136at25; 140 at 26; 
122at27; 101 at 28; 57 at 29; 56 atSO; 52 at 31 ; 27 
at 32; 32 at 33; 31 at 34; 26 at 35; 24 at 36; 15 at 
37 ; 12 at 38 ; 11 at 39 ; 9 at 40 ; 5 at 41 ; so on, dimi- 
nishing to 52 ; when there was at this age, not more than 
1 in each year from 52 to 63 years. 

Causes of Prostitution, — The chief causes of prostitu- 
tion deserve attentive reflection. In the space of ten 
years, not more than three or four presented themselves at 
the dispensary in Paris for registration, who had not been 
previously seduced. Seduction is the most common cause 
of prostitution in all nations. 

M. Duchatelet gives the following detail of the causes, 
and as it applies to aH countries, 1 shall eondense it. 

Laziness may be placed in the first rank ; it is the desire 
of procuring enjoyments without working, that causes 
many yovng women to leave their places, or to refrain 
from seeking others when out of service. The laziness, 
carelessness, and cowardice of prostitutes, have become 
almost proverUal. Misery, proceeding to a frightful ex- 
treme, is also one of the most active causes of this evil. 
How many young women, abandoned by their families, 
without relations or friends, are obliged to have recourse 
to prostitution ? One unhappy girl, alive to all the feel- 
ings of honour, struggled to the last extremity against this 



46 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

wretched alternative, and^ when she came to he roistered, 
it was proved that she had not eaten for nearly three days! 
Vanity, and the desure of being finely dressed, is another 
active cause of prostitution, particularly in Paris, where 
simplicity in dress is actually a subject of reproach, and 
shabbiness is still more despised. It is hardly, then, sur- 
prising, that so many girls allow themselves to be seduced 
by the desire to possess a dress, which, while its display 
would gratify their vanity, would help to remove them 
from the station in which they were bom^ and allow them 
to mingle with a class by whom they consider themselves 
regarded with hauteur. Those who know the extent to 
which love of dress and finery exists in some women, will 
easily judge of the activity of such a cause of prostitution 
in Paris. 

There are, also, a great number of young women, who, 
being seduced in the departments by military officers, 
students, commercial travellers, and others, are induced to 
come to Paris by various deceptive promises, and being 
there afterwards abandoned, follow, in the destitute condi- 
tion which afflicts them, the suggestions of the first person 
whom they encounter ; and it is proved, that it is upon this 
desciiption of girls, that those abominable women whose 
trade it is to corrupt youth, particularly fix their attention. 
These wretches seek them every where, exhibiting, in the 
pursuit of their infernal art, the most remarkable address. 
Other young women, being seduced in the country, volun- 
tarily seek refuge in Paris, where they can conceal their 
disgrace from their friends. Domestic trouble, also, and 
ill-treatment received from their family and friends, deter- 
mine some to adopt this course of life. 

A long sojourn in a hospital, or in the low loilging- 
houses, where servants out of place are assembled, is like- 
wise one of the causes of prostitution ; and, finally, the 
misconduct of parents and relations, and bad examples 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 47 

of every kind, must be considered to exercise a very great 
influence in the promotion of this vice. 

But of all the causes of prostitution there is none more 
active, particularly in Paris, and, probably, in all the other 
great towns, than an insufficiency of wages. Let the pro- 
fits of the cleverest of our sempstresses, our laundresses^ 
and, in general, of all those who live by the use of the 
needle, be compared with the profits of individuals who 
possess inferior skill, and it will be seen, that it is scarcely 
possible for the latter to obtain the barest necessaries of 
life. More especially, let the reward of their labour be 
compared with the price of their dishonour, and surprise 
will no longer be felt that so great a number abandon 
themselves to this wretched state of life. 

It is difficult and painful to believe, that this career is 
.occasionally embraced by certain women, as the only 
means of performing the duties imposed upon them by 
the title of *' mother " or *' daughter." Nothing, however, 
is more true. It is not uncommon for married women, 
abandoned by, or deprived of their husbands, and, conse- 
quently, of all support, to become prostitutes, with the 
sole intention of preserving a numerous family from star- 
vation ; and it is still more common to see girls, who are 
unable by their labour to support aged or infirm parents, 
add, by prostitution at night, to their limited means. I 
have too often obtaine<l exact particulars of these two 
classes of prostitutes, not to be convinced that they are 
very numerous in Paris. 

There are, lastly, some women who become prostitutes 
from a spirit of licentiousness, which can only be explained 
by ascribing it to the operation of a violent mental disease, 
but, in general, tliese Messalinas are rare. 

*' Is prostitution," inquires M. Duchatelet, ** to be attri- 
buted to the extreme degree of civilization which we have 
reached ? AVere we only to regard the preceding details. 



48 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

this opinion might be maintained ; bat if we look back f^ 
the times of the ancients, and to the barbarous middle 
ages^ we shall find that prostitution was then very com' 
mon. If we consult modern travellers, who have penetrated 
to the most remote parts of America and Africa^ where 
civilization is scarcely dawning, we find the same custom 
prevailing. In all those regions prostitutes have been 
observed to abound. No doubt our social state b the cause 
of the ruin of many young women; but, on the other 
hand, it provides resources for a great number, which they 
would not possess under other circumstances, and which 
allows them to lead a life of regularity. 

" The following details, which partly belong to this 
question, will serve to throw some light upon it. Of the 
5,183 individuals already alluded to, there have been found 
inscribed on the registers, — 

Two sisters, 164 times. 
Three ditto^ 4 ditto. 
Four ditto, 3 ditto. 

" Besides which, there have been found, — 
Mother and daughter, 16 times. 
Aunt and niece, 4 ditto. 

Two cousins, 22 ditto. 

^' It must not be supposed, that these 436 persons were 
all prostitutes at the same time ; this number is ta be dis- 
tributed through a period of eight years. By this, the 
complete immorality of the families, from which these 
women issue, is exposed. Their degradation is most fre- 
quently owing to the pernicious examples which are placed 
before their eyes during infancy." 

It may be asked, on seeing these sad residts, whether 
society has sufficiently inquired into the fate of these un- 
happy women, who so much need its eare, and who exer- 
cise so great an influence upon the mechanism (if the term 
may be allowed) of a state ? In this respect, many reforms 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 49 

snd improvements remain to be accomplished ; and these 
important matters^ though difficult to discuss, are as worthy 
of attention^ on the part of the friends of humanity^ as of 
tbe meditations of the statesman." 

Opinions entertained of themselves. — According to our 

author, prostitutes entertain the most abject opinion of 

themselves. The sight of a mother of a family, or of any 

iroman of good character, is insupportable to them ; and 

they often feel pleasure in insulting these, to revenge, in 

some degree, the contempt and disgust with which viituous 

women regard them. They often become suddenly ill on 

seeing any of their former acquaintances ; and one girl lost 

her senses, by the sight of one of her countrymen. They 

most acutely feel their abject state, and are a subject of 

horror to themselves ; their contempt for themselves often 

surpasses that in which they are held by persons of moral 

character ; they bitterly regret their fall, and form plans 

and make exertions to quit their mode of life; but all 

efforts are useless; they are driven to despair by the tyranny 

of their keepers and of the world, which renders them the 

very dregs of society ; while their heartless seducers, who 

are much more depraved and guilty, are approved by 

society. It is obvious that I have justly censured male 

seducers, and the inhuman law in their favour, in my work 

on the Philosophy of Marriage, even against a popular 

Grovemment, but all right-minded individuals are now of 

my opinion. No one can sufier, without dread and the 

greatest dejection, to be entirely forgotten by the world ; 

and to be hated, despised, and universally disdained. " The 

thought alone of this state, often causes many prostitutes 

to become lunatics." 

Religious feelings of prostitutes.— Most of this unhappy 
class, are in a profound state of ignorance with respect to 
religion. A great number have scarcely an idea of the 
commonest sentiment of the Divinity ; and they are not 

E 



50 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

sparing of jests and sarcasms upon matters of religion. 
Many of them refrain from all religious duties^ on account 
of their unworthiness; though most of them are anxious 
for religious consolation when dangerous or fatal illness 
assails them. I have known many examples. 

Feeling of shame* — M. Duchatelet attests, by many 
facts, that there is a feeling of shame in prostitutes, not- 
withstanding their habits and their vices. He states, that 
at the examinations and demonstrations of their diseases, 
before a numerous audience, at the dispensary in Paiia — 
a most indecent and reprehensible proceeding — '* all, with- 
out exception, even the most shameless, became of the 
colour of crimson ; they hid their faces, and considered 
this inspection a real punishment." This equally applies 
to public examinations in our hospitals. A remarkable 
change for the better has taken place of late years. Before 
and during the Revolution, mention is frequently made of 
women dancing, and walking in the daylight, in a state of 
nature. " But by degrees," says our author, " as we ap- 
proach the present time, I found fewer details of scenes of 
disgusting indecency." This improvement is to be attri- 
buted to the enforcement of the police regulations, and to 
the laudable perseverance with which it carries into effect 
its wise measures of correction and reform. 

Turn and character of mind, — There are other traits in 
the conduct of the unfortunate class of beings now under 
consideration, which deserve to be noticed. Their volatile 
and changeable turn of mind is so great, that nothing can 
fix their attention, which is distracted by the most trifling 
occurrence. This will, in some degree, account for -their 
many errors and misconduct, and extenuate, in a great 
degree, their culpability in the eyes of all men of under- 
standing. 

Loquacity, noise, tumult, and agitation, appear to be 
indispensable to their existence, in the prisons, die hos- 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 51 

pitals^ and penitentiaries ; but even in this respect^ many 
improYements have taken place of late years. 

Manner of passing their leisure hours.—The manner of 
passing their leisure hours is very remarkable. Nine- tenths 
of them do nothing at all, and pass their time in idleness. 
Those of the better class rise late, go to baths, live very well, 
or, rather too freely, and amuse themselves with skipping, 
lecHne on a bed or couch, or walk in the open air. Those 
of the lower class frequent wine shops {Anglice^ '^ gin- 
palaces") and converse with all die bad characters that 
visit such places. Those of this class often sell articles in 
the streets. 

M. Duchatelet has ascertained, that the first class read 
romances and tales of a tragical nature, which excite lively 
emotions; but they never chose those obscene and li- 
centious works, which most young and depraved persons 
seek for with such ardour. Satiety renders that insipid 
and monotonous, which, under other circumstances, would 
be a power^, and, too often, a ruinous stimulant. Many 
informants, upon whose veracity I can rely, assure me to 
the contrary ; and it is proved beyond all doubt, and I 
have seen the works which were seized in brothels, that this 
is not true as regards London, nor do 1 believe as regards 
Paris. The better class are fond of balls, theatres, and other 
amusements ; as many of them only exercise their voca- 
tion from ten to four o'clock in the afternoon. 

There is a singular fact stated in this section, which is 
as follows : — 

" One of them assured the safety of her friends, and re- 
ceived none but married men, who were all known to each 
other ; and these were only admitted into the number by 
the consent and introduction of older favourites, who 
amounted to between forty or. fifty. Every one who be- 
came a widower was excluded, in ordo: thai the safety of 
the many might be secured — or admitted by paying a 

e2 



53 FROSTITXJTION IN PABI8. 

larger sum than the rest" There is no such fact re- 
corded of London. A case of this kind is, however, yery 
rare; because for one who obtains a competence in this 
manner, many expire in the most miserable and utter 
destitution. 

Slovenliness ofprostitutes.r—The slovenliness of prosti- 
tutes in general, with the exception of their external habili- 
ments, as regards person or dress, is proverbial. ^' These 
women seem to take pleasure in dirt and filth." This is 
not the case in London. The author narrates many dis- 
gusting proofs of the truth of this statement. 

Moral defects of prostitutes; — He next alludes to the 
peculiar moral defects of prostitutes. He informs us, that 
the love of strong liquors may be placed at the head o| 
these defects ; as it generally plunges them into the lowest 
state of brutality. They are led into this vice by the 
ignorance of soldiers, sailors, and all classes, who, knowing, 
by experience, that syphilitic diseases are greatly aggravated 
by intemperance, foolishly imagine, that women who will 
not drink to excess, are only sober because they are con- 
taminated ; and they, therefore, must drink to prove the 
soundness of their health. " How wretched," says the 
philanthropic author, '* must be the state of the unfortu- 
nate, obliged, during the same day, to drink to excess with 
two or three individuals. Women of a superior class are 
rarely inebriated, though they consume an immense quan- 
tity of punch and champagne. There is no mention made 
here of the adulteration of drinks with strong narcotics, to 
accelerate robbery or murder, though now common in all 
parts of Europe. 

The gluttony of depraved women is extreme, according 
to the author from whom I quote, for many consume three 
or four times as much food as would suffice three or four 
persons of their age. Lying and rioting, are also charac- 
teristics of this class of persons. 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 53 

Good qualities of prostitutes, — But their good and 
redeeming qualities are also remarkable. They assist, 
support, and clothe each other, in distress. In times of 
scarcity, a great number of these women, have given a 
loaf of bread a week, or even a day, to old people, to those 
in bad health, and also to poor famiUes in their neigh- 
bourhood. 

Their conduct as mothers and nurses is very different 
ifom what is usually imagined. Many of them regard 
pr^ancy with indifference, because, so far from injuring 
their interests, it increases their profits. Others^ however, 
procure criminal abortion at the risk of their own, and 
their infants' lives. 

Some are distressed at not having children ; they are 
most attentive to their companions or acquaintances after 
accouchement ; nurse, dress, and feed their infants ; and 
in all these respects, acting contrary to the custom of most 
unmarried mothers, not prostitutes, who are generally 
litde disposed, to afford proper maternal cares to, or bring 
up their offspring, or those of their relations. 

Mr. Talbot gives a very different view of this question ; 
though I believe that he and M. Duchatelet may be 
reconciled, if we comprise the human family as a whole. 

There is also, a remarkable similiarity in their accounts 
of lovers and bullies of prostitutes, which will be apparent 
an comparing their respective statements. 

Lovers and bullies of prostitutes, — *'It maybe considered 
as an invariable rule, that although the impetuosity of the 
passions is, with certain women, the first cause of prostitu- 
tion, yet, once entered on their career, they feel entirely 
indifferent to all who approach them, or, more frequently, 
conceal the deepest disgust under the caresses of which 
the loveof gold^ or hunger, renders them so prodigal. It is 
not, therefore, very astonishing, that they should attach 
themselves to one particular individual, in whom they 



54 PROSnTUTION IN PARIS. 

seek to fill up the blank which is necessarily left in their 
heart by the life that they lead, and the indignities with 
which they are overwhelmed. But who are the persons 
that are selected by these women ? They are individuals 
whose social position varies as much^ as does the position of 
their mistresses. The letters which they receive^ when in 
prison^ &c.^ prove that there are amongst them persons not 
only of good education^ but some who, by their position in 
the world, excite our surprise at their names being com- 
promised in such affairs. It will scarcely be credited that 
the general, the man of letters, the nobleman, the finan- 
cier, and persons of all other classes, down to the lowest, 
figure amongst them. Generally, however, the superior 
class of prostitutes choose their lovers from the students of 
law and medicine, and the barristers. The superior infor- 
mation possessed by these young men, and the pleasure 
which is derived from an acquaintance with those who 
are of a cultivated mind, cause them to be preferred by 
prostitutes, who habitually see only^persons who are accus- 
tomed to good society. Those who are of a lower class find 
their lovers amongst merchant's clerks, tailors, journey- 
men hair-dressers, goldsmiths jewellers, and ambulating 
musicians. The remainder abandon themselves to work<«» 
men of eveiy sort, and the numerous bad characters who 
particularly infest large capitals. The attachment evinced 
by prostitutes for these persons is sometimes remarkable, 
some of them going so far as to feed, clothe, and maintain 
them ; and it is with regret that I state, that a considerable 
number of young men in Paris have no other means of 
existence. The prostitutes lodging with women, the keep- 
ers of maisons tolerSes^ always stipulate, on entering, that 
theii lovers shall not be forgotten; that they shall be 
allowed to visit them two, three, or four times a week, 
with other prerogatives, without any kind of payment 
bemg made in return. These men are a great annoyance 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 55 

to the dames de maison, although they are compelled to 
bear with them. When one of the prostitutes returns 
from a prison^ or an hospital, it is the custom, in many 
places^ to allow them twenty-four hours to enjoy them- 
Klves with their lover; but that period being passed^ they 
musty according to the disgusting professional expression, 
^work for the house." With the lowest and coarsest classes, 
ivproaches^ invectives^ ill-treatment, blows, wounds, and 
even broken limbs, are not capable of shaking their attach- 
ment to some men, for scarcely are they cured in the hos- 
pitals of their wounds, than they return to them, although 
the power thus allowed to these men often becomes a 
species of tyranny which surpasses belief. 

The letters written in prison by these women, betray a 
lingular exaltation of mind; nothing obscene, nothing 
gross, is to be found in them ; they contain only protesta- 
dons of love^ or still oftener reproaches, expressed in 
energetic terms, for these unfortunates are rarely loved in 
return; and if they be detained during any length of 
time, they almost always learn that they have been sup- 
planted by some companion, in which case they occa- 
sionally satisfy their vengeance by beating their rival, or 
even the ci-devant lover himself. 

It appears that, in all countries, and in all ages, women 
of the town have been connected with " bullies," who, at 
pveaent, are chiefly advantageous to them in the following 
way : — ^When it is the interest of the prostitutes to infringe 
some r^ulation of the police, by walking in such of the 
public streets as are interdicted, &c, these bullies place 
themselves as sentinels, and the moment they perceive an 
inspector, they warn the women, who instantly disappear ; 
or, if a prostitute be seized, they endeavour to excite a 
disturbance, so that she may escape. Without speaking 
of thefts committed by these scoundrels, they assemble in 
■ome cabarets, in such numbers, with bad women, perpe- 



56 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

trating every species of disorder^ that the military force is 
occasionally obliged to be called in to restore peace ; it is 
also extremely dangerous to complain to the magistrates of 
the conduct of prostitutes^ or to put them in prison when 
they have committed a robbery ; for these men sympa- 
thize with them^ and the party who complains runs the 
risk of being beaten^ or having some injury inflicted on 
him. This is a sort of leprosy in the civil state, which 
future l^slation may extirpate, by assuming the same 
authority over men who live by the profits of prostitution, 
as over prostitutes themselves. 

Tribades-manuels. — He next alludes to those who from 
a depraved and unnatural taste, select their lovers from 
persons of their own sex. These are called tribades, and 
are numerous when long confined in prisons. They are 
despised and hated by all other prostitutes, but their vice 
prevails to such an extent, that, notwithstanding the regu- 
lation of the police, which obliges every woman to sleep in 
a separate bed, M. Duchatelet estimates them at less than 
one-fourth of the entire number of prostitutes. 

These disgusting and monstrous unions, are much more 
frequent than is generally imagined. When a person of 
this class is closely questioned, she replies with vivacity 
and a tone of impatience, Je ne suis que pour homme, et 
71 ai jamais eUpourfemme. The women of this class are 
generally from twenty-five to thirty years of age, and have 
been in most cases in prison from eighteen months to two 
years. Younger persons are generally vitiated by their 
elders. There are few old prostitutes who may not be 
classed with tribades. Their correspondence is of the most 
amorous description, and expresses the most unbridled 
passion. Some of them are little annoyed when their 
lovers prefer the other sex; and more assault them, if 
stronger, as often as they meet them. They have fallen 
into the lowest degree of vice, and require the closest 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. ^ 37 

observation from those who have the superintendence of 
them in prisons and elsewhere. It has heen remarked 
that these women are more frequently pregnant than 
ordinary prostitutes; and this circumstance has hecome 
the sutgect of jokes in the prisons. The explanation must 
he apparent to every one conversant with human nature. 

Clasnfication of prostitutes, — The division of prosti- 
tutes next claims attention. They are thus classed in 
Paris: — Kept mistresses, those who frequent the theatres, 
those registered at home or in public houses, those who 
attend soldiers, those who commit robberies, procuresses, 
&c. &c. The habits and vices of. all these are minutely 
detailed. 

The " femmes galantes" are kept women, and are not to 
be distinguished in public company and public places from 
women of good education ; but they know well, when it 
suits them, how to affect a manner, and assume looks, of 
significance to those who seek them ; and it is in the houses 
of friends, or in houses of a particular character, that they 
receive visits. These women, being visited chiefly by per- 
sons who are in good circumstances, attach a high price 
to their favours ; and they are artful and seducing, which 
renders them highly dangerous. They give themselves the 
name of *^ femmes galantes," when speaking with persons 
who are acquainted with their mode of life. With the 
^ femmes a parties" beauty is not alone sufficient, they 
must unite with that, the charms and graces of a cultivated 
mind. They give dinners and soirees, and hire themselves 
to serve as an attraction in parties which are reputed to be 
private, but where gaming-tables, and the absence of all 
moral restraint, assemble the libertines who go thither, to 
lose at once their health and money. The ." femmes de 
theatre" possess also special characteristics, diflering from 
those of the preceding classes, and have been estimated to 
amount to three or four hundred ; but as no certain cal- 



58 'PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

culadon has^ or, in fact^ can be made^ either of this or the 
two other classes^ we remain in doubt on this point No 
one, says the author^ can deny that these women are really 
prostitutes; they propagate fatal diseases and precocious 
infirmities^ more than all the others, and they may be con- 
sidered to be the most dangerous beings in society* The 
police cannot, however, treat them as prostitutes, for they 
all have a residence, pay taxes, and conform, apparently, 
to the rules of decency; consequently, they cannot be 
refused the outward tokens of respect which are due to 
virtuous women. It is an established fact, that a woman 
who makes a profit of her person, not pubUcly, but occsr 
sionally, and with only a small number of persons, can 
daim legal redress against whoever may treat her as a 
prostitute. '' Mulier que non palam, sed passim et pauds, 
8ui copiam facit actio, competit adversus eum qui earn 
meretricem vocavit.** 

The prostitutes, who are recognized by the police, are 
divided into two classes ; the first being styled '^ filles en 
carte," from their having a special card, containing the 
dates of the sanitary visits which they have undergone, 
and from their residing singly in lodgings, garrets, &c. 
The second dass are called '^ filles en numero," from their 
simply bearing a particular number in the maUons toUrees^ 
^^ tolerated houses," which they inhabit. And these dis- 
tinctions are of the highest importance in the administrative 
police, and cannot be laid aside without great inconve- 
nience. The author remarks, en passant, that every dass 
of prostitutes feels the greatest disdain for those who ate 
beneath them in circumstances and position, and that it 
rarely happens that a woman leaves the dass in which she 
first becomes a prostitute, a circumstance which he coo- 
giders to arise from thdr contracting certain tastes and 
habits, which are suited to those persons who visit them. 
There are still some other distinctions to be made among 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. -59 

this d^raded part of the populatioD, and first, may be 
mentioned, the " proxenetes," which may be translated 
procuresses^ as their business is, while bargaining with 
maid-servants, or femtnes de chambre^ for old clothes, &c. 
to give them pernicious advice, and make appointments 
for them, of which they reap the benefit. These women, 
tiso, frequently assume the character of " marchandes a la 
tQilette," to cover their real avocation. The '^ marcheuses" 
tfe women, far advanced in years, who play the part of 
duennas to their more youthful companions in vice. They 
aeoompany them to the baths, to the Prefecture of Police, 
and to the houses of individuals who send for them; 
waljdng with them in the streets, and at other times 
^touting," or pointing out, to the passers by, the situation 
of a bad house, &c. The more severe the regulations of 
the police are made, the more important to their class 
these women become. The filks a soldatSy or soldiers' 
women, are females who are remarkable for their ugliness, 
having no fixed residence, haunting the vicinities of the 
barriers, and abandoning themselves to the soldiers in the 
most open and disgusting manner. As these women can- 
not be distinguished from labouring women, it is extremely 
difficult for the police to recc^nise them ; but whenever 
any of them have been arrested, eight out of ten are sure to 
be found in a state of disease. 

The last dass to be noticed does not difier very essen- 
tially from the preceding one, and is termed '^ pierreuses," 
from the women being generally found in remote, obscure, 
and out-of-the-way places, and especially in the midst of 
blocks of stone, building materials, &c., where they conceal 
their disgusting ugUness, and practise, in obscurity, every 
▼ice that it is possible to imagine. The term '^ pierreuse" 
18 used by all the better sort of prostitutes, as a word of 
abuse, to designate those who are of an inferior degree. 
There might still be named the ^* voleuses," or women of 



60 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

the town, who, taking advantage of persons of infirm 
healthy or youths^ assemhle, three or four together, and, by 
hustling such persons, manage to rob them, the ridicuk 
and unpleasantry endured by their victims, in making any 
complaint against them, generally shielding the culprits 
from justice ; but these women scarcely merit to be sepa- 
rately classed, as the generality of prostitutes do not con- 
sider that the taking what the purse or the pocket may 
contain, is a robbery, but that, in so doing, they merely 
'* font leurs affaires," to use a free translation, " take care 
of themselves." It is doubtful whether women placed at 
the head of houses of debauchery, should be termed 
'' prostitutes." Many, however, have formerly been such, 
and have been inscribed in the registers of the police, by 
whom they are now termed " dames de maison," in place 
of the coarser and more generally known title. 

Physical characters of prostitutes.— The plumpness and 
apparent health of many of them are ascribed to good 
living, and leading a purely animal life. Their stoutness 
is ascribed to the great number of baths which they take, 
to the inactive, indolent life which they lead, and the 
great quantity of food which they consume^ and which far 
exceeds that of the hardest working labouring women. 
If many of them are thin and emaciated, it must be recol- 
lected that they cannot obtain even the barest necessaries 
of life. This class improve their health and personal 
appearance in the hospitals and prisons. There are, how- 
ever, many exceptions to the preceding statements. 

Alteration of Voice, — There is another peculiarity in an 
abandoned woman, the voice is very much altered, in con- 
sequence of exposure to the vicissitudes of the weather and 
to irrq^lar habits. 

Colour of the Hair and Eyes, — The colour of the hair 
and eyes deserves notice. 

Of 12,600 women, assembled in Paris, from all countries^ 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 61 

6,733 had chestnut coloured hair; 2,642^ Proton ; 1,694^ 
Ught; 1,486, hlack; and 48 had red hair. 

Of 12,454 women, the colcur of whose eyes had been 
carefully noted, 4,612 had grey eyes; 3,529^ brown; 
2,878, blue; 730, rouj!, (ferrety) ; and 705 had black eyes. 
The following observations accord with opinions I pub- 
lished in 1828^ and are deeply interesting to the practical 
physician. 

Morbid changes in the Sexual Organs of prostitutes, — 
It is a general opinion^ and as yet uncontradicted, that 
the genital parts of prostitutes must alter^ and assume a 
particular disposition, as the inevitable consequence of 
their avocation ; and the youngest and oldest libertines, of 
the highest and lowest classes, are unanimous in this opi- 
nion^ and their jokes are endless on those of their compa- 
nions who marry, or take for concubines^ former prostitutes. 
Medical men even believe more firmly in this vulgar opi- 
nion, than the vulgar themselves. They consider that 
every trade which requires continued action, in any par- 
ticular organ, causes those who follow it to present, in 
such organ, an alteration which is sufficiently striking to 
indicate their trade, and they thence conclude (reasoning 
by analogy) that it could not be otherwise with prostitutes. 
But ill satisfied with such a method of reasoning, the 
author applied to the medical officers of the dispensary and 
the hospital to which prostitutes are sent by the police, 
from whom he obtained more exact information. The 
genital parts of prostitutes present no special alteration 
which is peculiar to them, and in this respect they do not 
difier from those of married women of unblemished cha- 
racter. The constant use that has been made of the spe- 
culum, for some time past, in the examination of maladies, 
has proved to all medical men, that the amplitude or the 
narrowness of the vagina, is, in many women, natural and 
congenial, and is no more remarkable than very material 



62 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

variations in the dimensions of other parts of the body, in 
different individuals. Very young women^ who have 
within a short period abandoned themselves to prostitution, 
and who have never had a child^ are constantly to be met 
with in the hospital, in whom the vagina is more dilated 
than in many married women who are the mothers of large 
families ; while, on the contrary, other women are found, 
who have lived for twelve or fifteen years by prostitution, 
and who exhibit in their countenances the most marked 
traces of decrepitude, yet in whom the vagina, in particu- 
lar, presents not the slightest alteration ; and I remarked, 
one day, in the prison {Des MadelonnetteSy) a woman uf 
fifty-one years of age, who had prostituted herself thirty- 
six years, but in whom, notwithstanding, the genital parts 
might have been mistaken for those of a virgin just arrived 
at puberty. It is especially in young girls who have not 
arrived at puberty, and still exhibit the characteristics of 
childhood, that the examination of the genital oi^ns be- 
comes difficult and important. Most books on medical 
jurisprudence indicate the means of recognising the traces 
of rape, in such a precise way, that nothing appears easier 
than to ascertain the truth, and accord justice ; but how 
many causes of doubt and uncertainty arise on all sides, 
when opportunities have occurred of examining a number 
of these cases. MM. Jacquemin and Collineau declare, 
that in many instances it was impossible for a conscientious 
medical man to decide positively, either one way or the 
other. What must be thought, after this, of the light, off- 
hand, yet positive way, in which some medical practitioners 
give their opinions on facts of this nature ? Is it not re- 
volting to see magistrates commonly submitting questions 
of this sort to matrons, who are invariably very ignorant^ 
and always convinced of the accuracy of their skill, and 
who would believe that their reputation was compromised, 
did they net pronounce an absolute opinion? In my 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS* 63 

opinion^ (adds the author) reserve is the first virtue of the 
medical witness^ who cannot too often acknowledge the 
insofficiency of his knowledge. 

The examination of the genital organs led M. Jacque- 
min to discover a new sign of pregnancy, which, with re- 
spect to medical jurisprudence^ may hecome very useful. 
This sign consists in a discolouration, of a violet-tint 
{e^oration molacee), and sometimes of the colour of wine 
lees, which the whole of the mucous memhrane of the 
vagina contracts at this particular period of a woman's 
hfe. This sign is so evident, that M. Jacquemin is never 
deceived by it, and has verified its correctness in more 
than 4,500 women. Qlf true, this sign can seldom be 
ascertained in the women of this country, on account of 
(heii innate modesty.] 

Another common error is to suppose, that the clitoris, 
being a seat of pleasure in woman, and of sensibility in the 
genital organs, and sometimes acquiring a considerable 
size, generally presents a greater development in prostitutes 
than in other women, and should vary according to their 
saladousness, and the disgusting vices to which they some- 
times yield. If impetuous and lascivious passions were 
always the cause of women abandoning themselves to pros- 
titution, this opinion might, to a certain extent, be ad- 
mitted ; but if these be placed amongst the causes of pros- 
titution, they are far from being the only ones, and MM. 
Jacquemin and CoUineau declare, that there is nothing 
remarkable either in the dimensions or the disposition of 
the clitoris in the prostitutes of Paris, and that in them, 
as in all married women, there are variations, but nothing 
peculiar, and that the genital organs much more frequently 
present strongly-marked varieties in men. [[This is and 
must be the opinion of every experienced obstetrician.] It 
may be added, in this place, that prostitutes, being aban- 



6i PBOSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

doned to the brutality of numbers of men^ satiated with 
the enjoyments which are conceded to nature^ do not 
always refuse those illicit connexions which, though taking 
place between individuals of different sexes, are not the 
less revolting. MM. Jacquemin and Collineau, and 
many other observers, believe there is not a single prosti- 
tute, amongst those of a certain age, who refuse to commit 
this crime, though it must be owned that they maintain 
the most guarded silence on the subject, and reject, with 
the utmost horror and indignation, any question which 
betrays a suspicion of their guilt in this respect. How- 
ever, local disorders, which are sometimes the result, com- 
monly present themselves in such a form that there can be 
no mistaking their origin. In these cases it is always by 
silence, and never by a direct confession, that the truth is 
ascertained. [This is the case in all countries.]] 

Menstruation,— The author goes on to notice the func- 
tions of menstruation, and fecundity in this class of women. 
Some of these menstruate regularly ; others do not, and 
commit many excesses which are correctly deemed by 
most women to be highly injurious to the particular fimc- 
tions of their sex. 

M. Cullerier pretends, that prostitutes are in the habit of 
using lotions and cold injections to suppress the menses, 
so as not to be under the necessity of suspending, for too 
long a time, the resources which are derived from their 
avocation. I could never learn how far this practice pre- 
vails with them ; but I am well aware that they now 
possess means, much more simple and efficacious, for 
effecting the same purpose. It is necessary to abstain 
from details ; but I may mention that this invention has 
often served to conceal their maladies, and has thus 
enabled them to elude the watchfulness of the police; and 
they have also employed it in the hospital to simulate 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 6S 

cares, and recover their liberty ; but these tricks are now 
well known^ and no longer deceive the persons who are 
cfaaiged with the sanitary surveillance. 

This is scarcely credible, as women are peculiarly indis- 
posed for three or four days in health, sometimes longer, 
bat never *' for too long a time," to destroy or impede 
serial intercourse.- The remainder of the paragraph is 
beyond my comprehension ; but I believe as incredible as 
the former part of it. 

Fecundity^ or number of children of prostitutes, — It 
is generally supposed that few of these women bear chil- 
di;en ; but our author arrives at a different conclusion. He 
states that " He found that nothing was more common 
than that prostitutes expel the foetus after four or five 
weeks' conception, and that not only were they very much 
subject to miscarriages and abortions from natural causes, 
but that they often provoked these accidents. M. Velpeau, 
who possesses, probably, the most numerous collection of 
embryos in existenceyhas procured five belonging to pros- 
titutes, and of these five, three exhibit the traces of the 
perforating instrument used to extinguish life. But, 
without alluding to the artifices practised by some pro- 
stitutes, is not the exercise of their vocation alone more 
than sufficient to explain all that is now stated ? If the 
life led by these women excites astonishment, if we can 
scarcely conceive how their health resists the excess of 
every kind, in which they indulge, it will be easy to ima- 
gine the evil influence which a union of such numerous 
causes of disorder must exercise upon an early conception, 
especially when we know, that they pursue their vocation 
of prostitution to the last extremity, so that instances have 
occurred of their being delivered in the streets at the 
moment when they were soliciting the attention of pas- 
sengers, doing so for the acquisition of money, they being 

F 



66 PROSTITUTION IN PJIRIS. 

in this state, infinitely more sought after^ than when not 
enciente. 

In the Maternite of Paris, there are no more than six 
deliveries of these women in a year. The infants are seldom 
bom alive, or live ; the labours are slow and difficult, re- 
quiring the use of instruments. 

All women of the town pretended to be able to point 
out, in the most positive manner, the fathers of thenr 
children ; as they always Attributed their pregnancy to some 
particular individual. This will not appear singular, 
when we recollect that, generally speaking, for fecunda- 
tion to take place, a variety of circumstances are necessary, 
and, in particular, the will and the laisser aller of the 
woman herself, constituting an intellectual and moral state, 
which is foreign to the habitual exercise of their vocation. 
The author, in concluding his remarks on this subject 
says, that he considers, that prostitutes are much more 
liable to conceive, than they have hitherto been supposed 
to be, and that if they rarely bring their pregnancy to the 
usual term, it is because abortions frequently occur amongst 
them, produced either by criminal proceedings, or by the 
nature of their vocation. 

Mortality amongst their iw/on^#.— The mortality of the 
infants of these persons, is frightful. 

*' I have found,*' observes M. Duchatelet, *' but one 
opinion, respecting the frightful mortality which prevails 
amongst the children of prostitutes, and that has been 
confirmed by all the information which I have been able 
to obtain, from whatever quarter derived. Of the eight 
children, who are generally bom annually in prison, four 
die during the first fortnight, and the remaining four in 
the course of the first year* Of the ten children who 
commonly see the light annually, in one particular hos- 
pital, five die at the moment of their birth, and the 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 67 

lemaining five before the complete re-establishment of the 
mother. Amongst the higher class of prostitutes^ however^ 
there are some, who preserve their children ; but those 
who are of a lower degree, notwithstanding their great 
affection for them, hardly ever bring one up. Only ima- 
gine the state of existence of these helpless and miserable 
little beings, resting on their mothers' arms until one or 
two o'clock in the morning, in winter and summer, and in 
every variety of weather, — their mothers passing half 
their time in drunkenness, and destitute of all resources^ 
thinking only of warming the little creatures by libations 
of wine or spirits. What diet, and what a fate ! WTien 
one reflects on the health and future destiny of these 
children, a premature death seems to be for them, as well 
as for the stale, a dispensation of Providence." Nature, 
if not man, seems to strive for the extinction of the 
unhappy race. 

Diseases most common to prostitutes, — We now come 
to the consideration, of the numerous diseases peculiar to 
this truly unfortunate class of persons. Among these are 
syphilis in all its horrible forms ; gonorrhoea, profuse and 
often fatal hemorrhage from the uterus, ulceration, cancer, 
and tumours of this organ, abscesses in the labia, recto- 
vaginal fistula. 

The prison where these women are confined, to the 
number always, of four or five hundred, and to which an 
excellent infirmary is attached, is, perhaps, the place best 
adapted for making observations on the subject under dis- 
cussion ; and I subjoin the opinion of the practitioners 
attached to that establishment: — " Abundant discharges, 
constituting a malady, without the slightest organic lesion, 
are frequently amongst prostitutes, and in the space of 
six months, twelve cases were observed. At the Madel- 
lonnettes, one case terminated in death ; and the opening 
of the tody proved, that the hamorrhage was essential. 



66 pBonxruTiox cr park. 

and witfaoat the sli^test trace of redness in the parts 
which famished it." Bat are the hcmoiTfaages to be 
attributed to the vocation which these women pnrsoeB 
Every kind of proof can be accumulated ia favour of an 
affirmative reply. These floodings have been observed in 
prostitutes of fourteen and fifteen years of age^ while 
nothing can be more rare, than such cases in girls of good 
character. One proof of the truth of this opinion is, that 
these hemorrhages are nowhere observed in the maisons- 
de detention, which are especially devoted to women. 

^^Prostitutes are frequently subject to tumours,. in the 
substance of the great labia^ which commence with a little 
pus, and tumefy at each menstrual epoch. These tumours 
are never observed, but in one labium at once,.and when left 
to take their course they acquire a considerable size;^ 
they are. indolent,, and only inconvenience the woman, in a 
purely mechanical way. These tumours are seldom fibrous,, 
and are commonly filled with a very thick albuminous 
fluid, or a raellicerous substance A few are occasionally 
developed at the base of the lesser labia ; these are of the 
same nature as the others,, but are extremely painful, and 
never attain any considerable size. The vocation of pros- 
titutes accounts for the inflammation, which sometimes 
takes place in these tumours, and causes them to suppu^ 
rate; they, however, fill again in a short time, or pro- 
duce very disagreeable fistulffy which can only be cured 
by removing the cysts which form them, or by causing 
them to suppurate. All who have opened these cysts, or 
removed the tumours,, agree, as to the extreme foeitidness 
of the fluid contained in them ; and M. Dupuytren several 
times told me, that there was no pathological fluid to be 
compared with it in this respect. This foetidness is inhe- 
rent in the fluid, and cannot be attributed to the presence 
of ait ; and I know, that the surgeons of the dispensary^ 
wlien they are obliged to open these tumours^ make use of 



PROSTITtJTION IN PABIS^ €r9 

along-handled bistoury, in order to avoid the contact of 
the fluids the smell of ivhich^ without this precaution, 
would remain on their hands, for two or three days with- 
out its being possible to remove it. QThe fluid discharged 
is extreniely offensive, but not in all cases.]] 

Cancer of the womb is not common to young women, 
and rarely appears before the middle period of life. Some 
practitioners have explained this fact, by stating, that the 
womb is higher in these who have not had children, than 
in mothers, and therefore less liable to injury ; but this is 
not correct, for the organ is equally low in those who lead 
m abandoned hfe. 

Convulsions and the various grades of hysteria often 
iSect the latter, and are ascribed by them, ^^ to be cured 
of their mercury." M. CuUerier determined to put an 
end to these disorders in the Bicetre. He ordered two 
large butts of cold water to be placed in the ward, into 
one of which, he threatened to plunge the head of the first 
woman^ who should " be cured of her mercury ;" and in 
order to make a still deeper impression upon them, he 
placed round a small furnace, a number of irons of diffe- 
rent sizes, with which he was to cauterize different parts 
of the body of all, who were seized with convulsions. This 
plan completely succeeded, as it had formerly done in the 
hands of Boerhaave. Another reason is assigned by M. 
Dudiatelet, which appears to me to be rather questionable. 

The rarity of hysterical affections appears to be surpris- 
ing after a long detention, and consequently, an extensive 
privation of voluptuous enjoyment in women, who have 
been so long accustomed to it ; but this is to be explained 
by the soUtary vices, to which some of them have recourse, 
both in the hospital and in the prison ; at least, that is, 
what is to be deduced from the information, which has 
been given to me, for they carefully conceal this vice. 
This explanation appears to me^ to be the more probable. 



70 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

as those who return to a regular mode of life, and whQ 
are admitted into the convent of the Bon-Pasteur, are 
subject to nervous accidents, suffocations, and cerebral 
congestions, which appear, I am told, to derange the intel- 
lectual functions, and require a particular diet. This state 
continues during two years, and in the end completely 
disappears. 

Mental alienation. Insanity,— It appears by the com- 
mitals of prostitutes in the Archives of the Police, that 
most of the decrepid of this class, shew weakness of intel- 
lect; and that the state of mind borders on alienaticNQ. 
This is rarely the case with young persons, though not a 
year passes, in which some are not sent to prison, solely 
from motives of commiseration ; as they would otherwise, 
die from cold and hunger in the streets. 

In confirmation of this statement,. M. Esquirol attests 
that in five years, one hundred and five lunatic prostitutes 
were admitted under his care to the Salpetriere. The 
youngest of these was sixteen, the oldest sixty-two years. 
Two thirds of these, who lose their senses, do so during the 
period from twenty-five to forty years of age, having en- 
dured for some time, the hardships inseparable from thar 
unhappy prostitution. It is worthy of remark, that this 
frequency of mental alienation, and impairments of mind 
liave been observed in all ages. 

Ordinary diseases.^— The most common and fatal dis** 
eases of prostitutes, are inflammations of the lungs, stomach, 
bowels, fevers, hemorrhages, and diseases of the utems, 
wounds, contusions, and the effect of blows. Exposure to 
the vicissitudes of the weather, intemperance, excesses of 
various kinds and external local injuries,^ are the causes of 
these diseases. 

It appears, that notwithstanding their excesses, and 
many causes of iUness, the health of these women is better 
than that of the generality of women, who have children. 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 71 

and who attend to their household duties ; that amongst 
the common maladies which attack them equally with 
other persons, those maladies are not more serious to them 
than to the rest of the world ; and that, in fact, they seem, 
according to general opinion, to really possess frames of 
iron, which allow them to brave excesses, that would 
speedily destroy other women. " 1 hus, the trade of prosti- 
tation," says the author, " does not, with the exception of 
syphilitic maladies, appear to be insalubrious." — '^ If I 
compare," he continues, " the condition of these women 
with that of work-women who are obliged to lead a seden- 
tary life, and to emaciate themselves with labour, in order 
to supply their necessities, the latter appear to me more to 
be pitied than the others. The prostitutes are not liable, 
in fact, to those affections of the head and stomach, to 
those painiiil disorders of digestion, to cerebral conges- 
tions, and to all the various nervous maladies, which are so 
frequently observed amongst respectable work-women. If 
the latter class appears to be small, — (a decent class in this 
rank), — ^if its existence appears to be problematical to 
some persons, it is because the respectable females who 
compose it, conceal themselves, and must be sought for 
before they can be discovered. Is, then, an absolutely 
sedentary life more injurious to the health, than an active 
life, though the latter be one of disorder ? What I have 
just said, would appear to justify an answer in the af&rma- 
tive, — a sad consequence to which men who occupy them- 
selves with the care of succouring their fellow-creatures 
should direct their best attention. 

In order to appreciate fully the influence of prostitution 
on the health of women, it would be requisite that these 
unfortunates, once engaged in the trade, should never quit 
it, and that they should be observed, en masse, during a 
great number of years; but as prostitution is but an epi- 
sode in the life of the minority of its followers, who are lost 



72 PROetlTUTION IN PABIS. 

sight of when they cease to exercise their vocation^ it 
becomes impossible to procure any positive information on 
this subject. 

Toleration of houses of prostitution, — As prostitution . 
has ever existed, and will ever exist, in all countries, 
the French police regulations are intended in every way to 
diminish the nuisance caused by it, and to regulate the 
houses devoted to it. The regulations in France, are wdl 
calculated to repress crime, while those in this country, are 
most defective, and hence the frequent murders and rob- 
beries, in brothels, so often recorded in the public papers. 

The police in Paris will not allow two proprietors in one 
house, having but one street entrance. They object to the 
closeness of the rivalry, which would pioduce riot. But 
one such house exists in Paris, and in that one the *^ ele- 
vated class of visitors," and the congenial dispositions of 
the two proprietors, tend to prevent the nuisance described. 
In all the houses, they require that each woman should have 
a room to herself. This regulation has proved a very excel- 
lent one. It has assisted much to preserve good order. 
No house is allowed a back or concealed door, and no 
direct communication between it and the neighbouring 
houses is allowed. Nor is any closet, or article of furni- 
ture, permitted in any of them, which is large enough to 
conceal a person in it. This prevents many fatal events. 
Free space and ventilation are also required in them, and 
cleanliness in clothing and bedding, with one bed for each 
woman, is especially directed. Btfore these things were 
enforced, the state of the haunts of prostitutes was dread- 
ful to the contemplation. The mistresses are also com- 
pelled to supply the inmates, with every essential article for 
the toilet. These regulations may not have changed the 
predominant character which prostitution tends to create, 
and the penchant for uncleanliness, but yet it has, by en- 
forcing a habit, which is contrary to that of debauchery. 



FROSnTUnON IN PARIS. 73 

effected a great change for the hetter. Moreover^ medical 
men say, that this compulsory cleanliness has done much 
towards diminishing the ravages of syphilitic disorders 
in Paris. 

Locality of brothels — the places in which they are not 
tokrated, — ^The houses are not allowed near sacred edifices 
of any creed, palaces, great puhlic establishments, the 
residences of high functionaries, schools, and hotels. Na- 
poleon, who felt a great horror of prostitution, caused all 
hoiues near the Tuilieries to be vacated. 

As to schools and places of education, the distance of 
separation has not been fixed. The points of consideration, 
in this particular, are, whether the children are very 
young, or from ten to fifteen years of age, or reside there, 
or simply come for instruction ; or the school-rooms are 
on the ground-floor, or in front, or in the rear of the house 
which is to be tolerated ; or whether the bend of the street 
conceals the view of the school-establishment from the 
hoQse. The commissaires d'employ^ decide on all these 
points. The kind of house to be tolerated is also consi- 
dered. *' All the evils to be prevented, and the good to 
be done, is left to the sagacity and good intention of the 
cfaiefis and their subordinates." In general, fifty or sixty 
paces distant, are directed. " Would it be possible to 
carry vigilance and precaution farther ? " Great praise is, 
in fact, due to these functionaries, for their care of the 
public welfare in all these respects. The prevention of 
these houses near furnished hotels is regulated ; first, be- 
cause foreigners, who do not well know the locaUty, will 
often mistake the door of an improper house for that of 
the hotel, if they be near to each other. Complaints are 
constantly being made of this, and the more strongly in 
proportion as the hotel has been more respectable. Fo- 
reigners, with families, have been known to quit a hotel 
the moment they discovered, the character of their neigh- 



74 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

bours^ and thus some hotels have been entirely ruined. 
The bad houses are not " tolerated/' near more respectable 
houses^ because very often, the frequenters of the latter 
have^ in a state of intoxication, entered the well furnished 
house, and there conducted themselves very ilL Others, 
in the middle of the night, have mistaken the bad house 
for the good one. 

Landlords of brothels. — The police will not tolerate any 
house for the purpose of a brothel, without receiving the 
written consents of the proprietor and principal tenant, 
whether a lease exists or not ; as no one will occupy such 
house for years afterwards. 

Localities and streets. — In streets which are narrow, 
little frequented, and not generally considered proper for 
the maisons toler^es, tliey are not allowed. In thinly popu- 
lated streets, passers-by are liable to be insulted and plun- 
dered by the bullies, when the police are not at hand. In 
streets or courts which end in a wall, or have no thorough- 
fare, and which no one would attempt to enter with a view 
of abridging his road, the police never refuse to tolerate 
them, when asked.'^ The authorities, indeed, esteem them- 
selves happy, when they are able to conceal in these spots, 
the haunts of vice, which cause them such embarrassment^ 
and they would be glad if similar comers existed in all 
parts of the town." To prevent rivalry, hatred, collision, 
and riot, the pohce object to maisons tolerees being very 
near to, or opposite to, each other, especially where the 
girls show themselves at the doors. 

Respecting the accumulation of these houses in certain 
parts of the city, there is a difference of opinion between 
the commissaries of pohce, and the administration. The 
former object to the accumulation ; the other sees great 
advantage in it. It is disagreeable to the former to have 
to watch over a great number of such houses, and preserve 
order among them, and carry on conversations with the 



HB. 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 75 



refuse and filth of society. Therefore, their '^ reports 
cootbaally contain recommendations for a refusal of the 
toleration of many of them, where they are thick, even 
where the hehaviour in the house is comparatively good. 
The commissaries wish the charge of these houses to be, 
b^ their more equal division in the city, more equally 
divided amongst the guardians of the public morals. More- 
over, they say, that prostitution is more offensive to the 
ejre when thus accumulated. The administration replies, 
that the population in that neighbourhood being accus- 
tomed to the presence of the houses, do not mind them ; 
that the evil being concentrated, is more easily watched ; 
that the establishment of many centres, by the distribu- 
tion of the houses, would increase the vice ; that succour, 
OD occasion of accidents, is more easily rendered there, 
and a less number of police is necessary. Their proximity, 
moreover, to the barracks of the military should not be 
disturbed, because that locality is always the more orderly, 
through dread of military interference, and for this rea- 
son. Napoleon was wrong in removing the one to a dis- 
tance from the other. It is true that the morality of the 
soldiers may thus be somewhat affected, but the military 
posts (say the authorities) are organised for the benefit of 
the town, not for the advantage of the soldiers. 

There is not a street, however filthy and disgusting it 
may be, or however badly it may be inhabited, in which 
the estahUshment of a public place of prostitution does 
not excite reclamations and protests on the part of all the 
tenants and landlords of the houses, who, when they cannot 
obtain the ear of the police, will even carry their addresses 
to the throne. '^ I have seen a letter addressed to the 
Dudiess of Angouleme on the subject, from one coalition 
of these parties, and forwarded by the Duchess to M. De- 
laveau. The answers of the administration to these expres- 
sions of grievances, and opposition may be easily guessed. 



76 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

^ Prostitution/ say they, ' is inherent in society, and can* 
not be destroyed. If an establishment of prostitutes be 
driven from any particular spot, it will, of necessity, locate 
itself elsewhere. In this new place of residence, it will 
excite complaints not less just than those which arose in 
the first locality ; and were these listened to again, no such 
house could be estabhshed anywhere. All we can do^' they 
add, ' is to repress disorder in them.' " 

Disturbances in brothels, — The disorders and disturb- 
ances in these houses, are thus described by the author 
from whose work I have so freely quoted. — 

Disorders are rare, and only occur in the lowest houses. 
They are not of daily occurrence, but happen periodically: 
thus, on a Saturday (pay-day among their frequenters), 
scenes of disorder are the consequence of drunkenness, 
from refusals to pay ; and sometimes bullies then seek for 
opportunities of quarrelling. Cries of " thieves !" " mur- 
der !" and '' assassin !" are heard there ; but always utteied 
by the women, who are assaulted by men stronger than 
themselves, and by whom they are badly treated. It often 
happens that individuals, who have been infected in a par- 
ticular house, return in a fury, and horribly maltreat the 
mistress and her women. Soldiers are, at all times, the 
terror of the dames des maisonsy and generally are the cause 
of many of the disorders which occur in them. But dis- 
orders there are really rare, and all of them occurred in 
furnished lodgings, and in lodgings of isolated women. 
Formerly, however, there were many murders committed 
there, and their frequenters constantly wore swords by 
their sides to be ready for defence. ** A worse state of 
things it is difficult to conceive. Persons, therefore, accuse 
the administration of bad arrangements and immorality in 
their toleration of prostitutes. As for me, I everywhere 
behold the happy results of its tutelary restraints. I admire 
the benefits for which we are indebted to it. I have already 



V 

PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 77 



signalized some, and there are many others of still greater 
importance. This police, so much decried by those who do 
not know the good that it effects, is sometimes greatly em- 
barrassed as to granting the toleration which is asked for 
some houses. For instance, certain cut-throat places, seem 
to be chosen in preference by the mauvais sujets, and the 
more abject of the prostitutes.. Around, these places, the 
wine shops, tobacco shops, and estaminets, swarm, which 
only prosper by the expenditure which this unclean popu- 
lation makes there*. In vain, has every means been em- 
ployed to purify these streets, and drive away the women. 
The measures only injure the principal and more decent 
tenants, and serve to convince the author that these spots 
cannot be disinfected.' In such a case, when liberty is 
ttked to establish a maison tolerie, the police hasten to 
gnmt it^ without paying attention to the schools of boys 
or girls which may be near it. Sometimes, persons of the 
Worst characters ask for this authorization.. Did they peti- 
tion for it, for any other locality, it would be refused ; but 
in the case m question, it is immediately granted. In 
concentrating at this house all the bad characters, great 
£unlity of watching its frequenters is obtained. The keeper 
of the house himself, in fact, becomes, in some instances, 
an agent of police, by the surveillance"wh\ch he exercises 
(Krer its inmates, and from the fear of seeing his house 
shut up, does more himself,, than a great number of in- 
qtectors could do. 

Cigar y. and coffee shopsy houses of acaommodation, mai- 
sons de passe, — Avast number of houses in Paris fall under 
this denomination ; but some are devoted exclusively to 
letting out, for short periods, — chambers, more or less 
sumptuously furnished, and in the latter at least two pros- 
titutes are mostly inhabitants ; but there would be none if 
the police did not require it. They are chiefly resorted to 
bj women, who have no homes but at night, and these 



78 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

little better than mere holes, to which they bring men 
whom they have picked up in the streets, and in the various 
places which they perambulate. The majority of the proi- 
titutes possess so much more liberty under this condition 
than under the dames des maisona, that they prefer it to 
living in the tolerated houses ; moreover, all that they gain 
bdongs to them, and they receive only whom they lik^ 
whilst they can go anywhere. These houses, it is found, do 
much harm in this respect, that they offer " a convenient t^ 
source to the domestic servants of Paris, who, while on 
their errands, and attending, apparently, to the interests of 
their masters, know how to take half an hour for them- 
selves of the time which is given to them, and at the same 
time preserve their reputation, which is so important to 
their interests." Workwomen, who have finished their 
day's employment, visit them in some sort of disguise, and 
married women are not afraid of visiting them ; even men 
often bring there young girls whom they have decoyed by 
promises ; indeed it is not rare to find little girls of twelve, 
thirteen, and fourteen years of age, who know these houses, 
and conduct to them, men whom they have found in public 
Some of these houses are specially devoted to second-rate 
actresses from the theatres, who are so numerous in Paris. 
The police watch these houses as the most dangerous of 
all, and their directresses sometimes conceal themselves 
so effectually, that their neighbours cannot detect their 
persons. One of them, indeed, was so clever at this mys- 
tery, that her two sons-in-law, very honourable men, only 
learned after her death the impure source from whence 
proceeded the 50,000 francs that each of their wives 
brought them as a dowry, and the similar sums which 
they obtained at her decease. 

Maisons a parties^ assembly houses, — Some dames des 
maisons, not without education, good manners, and much 
capacity for intiigue, give breakfasts and dinners, where 



PB08TITUTI0N IN PARIS. 79 

monied debauchees assemble^ to find the more agreeable of 
such prostitutes. These are dangerous women, whom the 
police cannot consider as prostitutes, although they exercise 
their trade. At these parties, often made up in the coun- 
try and retired places, enormous sums are lost and won. 
Thieves are always in connexion with these women at the 
parties. Some of these houses are kept most expensively 
hy women whom the police cannot get at, and preserve the 
appearance of the utmost modesty and respectabiUty. *' In 
these houses, are arranged, intrigues and rendezvous, and 
women who have been abandoned by their husbands are 
to be found, or other Messalinas come to share in orgies of 
the most phrenzied debauchery, and there, are discussed 
and sold, the means of procuring for a man the woman 
whom he may long after, but whom he cannot otherwise 
obtain." The police cannot easily control these houses, 
and searches in them generally lead to nothing. 

He next considers the question — Should abandoned wo- 
%» be hanUhedfrom particular places ? M. Duchatelet 
thus expresses his conviction: — Experience has demon- 
strated that the evils of clandestine prostitution are such, 
that it would be most unwise to canton the prostitutes in 
particular localities, and thus rid other places of them. 
Moreover, who would at night, or even in open day, like 
to visit those streets ? and what injury of character would 
no those persons sustain who were seen to come out from 
them, pursued by hootings such as used to assail those 
who issued from the streets. Grand, Petit, and Moyen-Hur- 
leor, in which the police had once succeeded in locating the 
prostitutes of Paris? ^^ Prostitution, as I have already 
repeatedly said, is like a torrent that cannot be stopped, 
but may, to a certain point, be directed, and always tends 
to find its level with the habits and wants of the popu- 
lation. There are places which repulse it; while others 
attract it. We may seek in vain to remove it from the 




80 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

latter and drive it to the former ; but an irresistible for^^ 
will spoil all the measures of the roost indefatigable wl^^' 
veiUance. None, indeed, but the superficial, will engaged " 
the vain attempt to wholly abohsh this vice." 

Suppression of immoral works. — In the course of d]^B= 
last century, before and during the revolution, from 178 ~^ 
to 1793, the most obscene engravings were publicly boSU 
and kept in the improper houses. There were the mc 
infamous caricatures of Louis XVI., Marie Antoinette 
the clergy, and all persons whose interests and lives wei 
to be sacrificed. Even the Divine Redeemer and 
Virgin Mother were involved in this impious profanation^V 
During the anarchy, these engravings were publicly exJ^ 
posed in the Palais Royale, and elsewhere, illustrating th*- - 
grossest hcentiousness that the human minit can imagine-^ 
But this vile immoraUty was partly suppressed by Na- - 
poleon, and was confined to the houses of prostitution^ 
where the sale of books and engravings, became a sourc^^ 
of fortune to the proprietors. These were kept in port^ — • 
folios, and displayed in galleries, and large sums exact 
for their inspection ; and it is right to observe^ that froi 
authentic accounts, the sights and scenes witnessed, couk^ 
never be effaced from the memory. The Emperor finally^ 
ordered all such productions found in improper houses, ttp 
be seized and destroyed, a copy of each being placed in the 
national library. jVL Duchatelet'saw the catalogue of this 
collection, as well as the books. He (M. Duchatelet) also 
asserts that few engravings of this kind are now published 
since 1830, as public indignation and the verdict of juries 
enforce prompt punishment. He mentions this fact with 
pleasure, as an answer to the detractors of the present 
period, and as a reply to those, " who extol the virtues of 
our fathers to die detriment of ourselves/' 

I agree with this experienced author to a certain extent 
only, that the publication of improper, books and engravings 



mOBTITUTION IN PARIS. 81 

is comparadyely small at present, compared to that of the 
Evolution of 1789 ; bat I still mamtain, that it is yet 
extensive, and that many of these productions are im- 
ported into this country. (See succeeding chapter on 
Nictitation in London). 

It is gratifying, however, to learn that the present.police 
in^iaktions of Paris compd the keeper of any house of 
prostitution, in which such productions are found, to dose 
l.t up for ten, fifteen, or twenty days. 

The Secretaries of the Societies for the Suppression of 

'X^ce, and Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, whose very 

^Valuable information I shall record hereafter, have assured 

"Mne, that by far the greatest proportion of improper prints, 

^woks, &c., are imported from the continent, and especially 

:Crom France, Germany, Italy, HoUand, &c. They also 

^tate that such productions are used, in all the higher 

^jTOthela in this metropolis. They are also totally at va- 

"Kianee with M. Duchatelet, when depicting vice in London, 

'Which, according to them, far exceeds his account ; though 

Palis is awarded far greater depravity, at least in this 

coantry. 

Failure of iegUiatian against prostitution, — M. Do- 
diatelet ^yes an account of all the laws of France pro- 
hibitive of prostitution, and clearly shows that these have 
invariably failed. Indeed, this has been the result in all 
coantries ; so that the class of society under considera- 
tion was, and must be tolerated. 

In common with the abolition of all the laws of France 
in 1791, those relating to prostitution were included. The 
effect was an unbridled licence to depravity, and a scandal 
unexampled, as I have already noticed. The defence of 
the most vicious was, " AH were good citizens, and re'- 
commended themselves by their civic virtues" It was 
also contended, that the liberty of the subject was op- 
posed to all laws repressive of prostitution. M. Duchatelet^ 



82 PR06TIXUTI0N IN PARIS. 

however, very properly arrives at a different condusioi 
with which I fully agree. After the most mature consi- 
deration of all the arguments and statements in favour ^^' 
the preceding opinion^ he observes^ '^ they are insuffideiB-' 
to prove that personal liberty is a right which prostitutes* 
ought toenjoy^as they have abandoned the prerogatives (^t^ 
all other ranks of society." This is true to a certain extent j 
but still humanity dictates^ that such persons must be 
tected by the laws^ as well as all others. It would be V4 
difficult to enact laws to deprive this class of persons oC 
civic or social rights, or to allow them, as unfortunate 
human beings, to be maltreated or murdered ; and no n&^ 
tion has ever attempted it^ in ancient or modem times. Be 
it remembered, that our laws most wisely protect the most 
abandoned prostitute as well as the most virtuous womaiL 
The violation of either would be equally punished- 

In discussing this question, M. Duchatelet enters into 
minute particulars, and, among other things, makes va- 
luable observations which equally apply to all countiiei^ 
though certainly less to our own. Nevertheless, there are 
many enlightened individuals, who consider that all im- 
moral persons and criminals, who have set the laws of 
society at utter defiance, have forfeited their claim to the 
rights of liberty of the subject; but this conclusion is con- 
trary to the divine precepts of Christianity. 

Prostitutes have at all times stood at their windows in 
Paris, and by signs, indecent attitudes, and invitations^ at- 
tracted the attention of passengers. The penalty inflicted by 
the old French police law, was confinement, for a certain 
time, or being sent to the hospital. Tow ards the dose of the 
Revolution of 1789, this practice was carried to an extent, 
of which the virtuous could form no idea. " Not only 
did the girls remain at the window in a state of complete 
nudity, but they attempted to imitate the acts of their call- 
ing, not only in the presence of passengers^ but of all the 



FROSTITXTTION IN PABIK 83 

neighbours who lived opposite the windows." Mr. Talbot 
issored me^ that such conduct was comnaon in the house of 
Madame Aubrey^ of which an account will be given in the 
ncoeeding chapter. This custom was suppressed by a 
xremptory order, that bhnds of different kinds should be 
ittached to the windows, but these were often removed. 
rhis evil has, however, led to the happy result, that few 
ieq>ectable women will now sit at a window, looking into 
the public street, or gaze at passengers in any large town 
)r dty ; and no one does so at present, unless an innocent 
nexperienced, husband-hunting, flirtish, or intriguing per- 
nn. Virtuous girls and young married inexperienced 
Rntnnen, do not, and cannot perhaps, perceive, any impro- 
priety in sitting at windows to be gazed on, and flirted 
wiih, by every scamp and roue who may pass by ; but such 
nmduct, though often perfectly innocent, is only charac- 
teristic in large cities of women of abandoned character. 
N^o respectable lady is ever seen sitting in the front of the 
mansions in any of the fashionable or respectable squares 
rf streets, in this or any other metropolis ; because »no sen- 
nUe woman would sanction street admiration or imper- 
tinence. I am aware, that the custom which is deemed im- 
proper in this, and other large capitals, is not rare in some 
of our provincial towns and cities ; but I must still contend, 
diat it is repulsive to proper female taste and judgment. I 
have known many instances of female ruin from window 
md street admiration. An innocent girl or virtuous 
iraman, who attaches the slightest importance to either, 
knows little or nothing of the depravities of the world, or 
of the traps and snares laid for female destruction and 
ndn. Casual admiration is very agreeable, female dis- 
bonour truly horrible. 

Imposihility of legislating on the subject, — It is a 
unanimous opinion, that it would be impossible to legis- 
late upon prostitution publicly^ as it would be a cause of 



84 PROSTITUTION IN PARISb 

great scandal to the youth of both sexes^ and a perma^ 
ment soource of debauchery and immorality. It would 
also be difficult to frame any laws for the suppresaiofi 
of this species of immorality, which could prevent ^le 
affected^ from enjoying the ordinary rights of society* 
All legislators admit, that prostitution has ever been in- 
herent in society ; '^ it is, and ever will be like congenital 
diseases." History shows it has ever been condemned and 
punished, yet it still exists. It is also a fact, that the 
frightful diseases communicated by it, have not diminished 
the number of prostitutes, because man governed by hii 
wants, and blinded by his passions, is more stupid and 
more imprudent than the brute. 

Are prostitutes necessary f — ^' Prostitution exists, and 
will always exist in large cities, and elsewhere, because, like 
mendicity and play, it is a most profitable calling, and a 
resource against starvation ; and it might be said, against 
dishonour; for what excess will an individual, deprived ci 
all resource, not commit, whose existence is comproimsed 
— though this is the most base, it still exists. If nocwidi-^ 
standing laws, punishments, public contempt, even grost 
brutality, and frightful disease, the inevitable consequences 
of prostitution, prostitutes still exist, is not this an evident 
proof that they cannot be put down, and that they are un- 
avoidable in society. Remove them from among man- 
kind if you can, and all will become profligately licentioaa; 
or, as St. Augustin has well observed : '^ Aufer meretiicet 
de rebus humanis, turbaveris omnia libidinibus ; conatitiie 
matronarum loco, labe ac dedecore dehonestaveris,"-- ~De 
Ordine, lib. ii. Ecdesia ac totius Christiani orbis catholici 
principes lupinaria permittunt, non quod illud peccatnm 
approbent, sed ut adulteria, incestus atqu6 alia luxoiMe 
crimina corapescant ; et ob evitandum promiscuam IjOxL" 
riam in republics, foedissimasque conjunctiones. Assenmt^ 
vimplicem concubinatum, jure natural! i^timum coitnm 



PB06TITDTI0N IN PARIS. 85 

i, ad differentiam adulterii^ incestus, et coitus contra 

Uaturam^ qui ill^timi complexus dicuntur; etiam jure 

<3atur8e, rectius enim dicerent simplicem concubinatum 

lege civili non puniri. D. Aug. scribit : " tolle meritricea 

€ie mundOy et sodomia totus efficietur reprohus* Ecclesia 

^olerat minus malum prsesens, ob evitandum majus malum 

^otorum. Sacra autem scriptura eas foeminas^ quas sancti 

patres preter proprias uxores camaliter cpgnovere^ easque 

in contubemio veluti uxorum ancillas^ retinebant^ promis- 

cue appellant uxores^ vel concubinas : veras tamen uxores 

pnEcedenti nuptiarum solennitate conjunctas, nunquam 

concubinas nominavit. Unde de Agar dicitur per Saram 

ad Abraham^ ejice ancillam hanc, et JUium ejus ; quam 

tamen prius dederat ipsa viro suo^ uxorem. Terrenam 

ewitatem licitum fecisse scortorum uaum, Hinc Solon 

primus emptas meritrices juventuti comparavit^ ut efiusio 

lUic libidinis impetu^ quid turpius cogitare desisterenU 

Hoc fit^ et tamen^ nee l^e civili nee canonica punitur^ 

ei^ licitum est. 

Jus naturale dicitur instinctus quidam nature^ qui nos 
ad aliquid procHves facit Et hac ratione naturale jus est 
commune omnibus animantibus^ ratione quidem prtedites, 
et brutes. Unde Cicero, lib. i. Offic, inquit, Comn^une om- 
nium animantium eat, conjunctionia appetitua procreandi 
^BfMa^ et cura quadam eorum quce procreatcB aunt, 
. Jus naturale ergo est, quod Deus omnia animalia docuit. 
. It is scarcely necessary to observe, that the dictates of 
Oature are inviolable^ and will ever influence man and all 
(fSti&c animals. 

. The truth and force of these conclusions are, alas ! too 
•l^arent in all . copimunities where women are not al- 
lowed^ or only a few are admitted ; as in penal colonies, 
teracka, ships, prisons, modem workhouses, schools, 
ooU^eSj &c. &c. It must be acknowledged by every 
one conversant with physidogy, or the history of na-^ 



86 PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 

ture^ that all legislation which enforces such conditions, 
is contrary to nature^ reason, and morality ; and is pro- 
ductive of the most horrible crimes. It is opposed to the 
divine law, and more especially to the sacred doctrines of 
Christianity. It would not be tolerated even by heathens; 
and it is an open violation of the divine precepts so dearly 
propounded in the sacred volume, and even in the most 
profane writings. It is horrible to contemplate the conse- 
quences of compelling the most depraved men, in the 
prime of life, in perfect health, and too often of most 
vicious and wicked minds, to be congr^ated in prisons, 
barracks, ships, workhouses, and even chained together in 
penal settlements— wholly deprived of the other sex. Such 
a state of things is an indelible disgrace to all civilized and 
Christian nations. The laws which enforce it, are con- 
trary to the laws of nature and reason, and tend to the 
subversion of all that is virtuous and good. 

Our laws are often very contradictory and absurd, lliey 
award death for the commission of certain nameless crimes 
at home, while they absolutely render the perpetration of 
them inevitable abroad. Such is our legislative wisdom. 
It is therefore high time for our statesmen to remedy this 
monstrous evil. It was caused by the folly of a madman, 
and a profligate stupid government, in attempting to esta- 
blish a colony of the goal polluted criminals of this country. 
Even the Parliamentary Committee on Transportation, al- 
ready quoted, while advising a discontinuance of transporta- 
tion to penal colonies, still suggests, that if the punishment 
be continued, all criminals should be sent to Norfolk Island, 
or elsewhere; and that this dass alone, with its super- 
intendants, should people the country. No one who pe- 
ruses the preceding account of the immorality of Norfolk 
Island (see p. 17), but must shudder at the idea of the 
farther legalization of its abominable condition — a condition 
unequalled on the face of the earth. 



PROSTITUTION IN PARIS. 87 

profititation cannot be prevented in any country, 
it be advisable to employ means to ward off its direful 
[uences ? This is a question which I must decline to 
r, and shall barely observe, that the preservative 
proposed by empirics, in all countries, are inefficient 
imoral. They have been most properly denounced 
Faculty of Medicine in France ; though gravely and 
[j recommended by that in Belgium, 
tly, is it advisable to have asylums for the reception 
mtant prostitutes? There cannot be a second opi- 
3 to the propriety. Such institutions exist in every 
sd eountry. It is to be recollected, that their unfortu- 
imates are members of the human family, and that 
ave erred like all their species ; but^ " to err is human, 
ive, divine." If these unfortunates have contributed 
oralize society, they have been most severely punished 
unfeeling, wicked, and depraved world; and if some 
od Samaritans pour oil and wine into thdr bleeding 
s, they but imitate a Christian and humane example. 
UB now examine the state of prostitution in this 



88 



CHAPTER IV. 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 



It is extremely difficult to give even a short outline of 
the history of prostitution and licentiousness in LondoDy 
in consequence of the defective state of our laws relating 
to the subject ; and it cannot approach in minutenen and 
accuracy^ that of M. Duchatelet^ recorded in the preceding 
chapter. It will appear^ however, by the facts which I 
shall adduce^ that the state of prostitution in Paris and 
London is proportionably the same, but I am stron^y 
inclined to believe it is much worse in this metropoHi. 
The materials which I am about to submit to the reader's 
notice, I have collected from the history of the Socibtt 
FOR the Suppression of Vice ; from the evidence given 
by its Secretary before a Parliamentary Comjiitteb 
in 1817 ; from its subsequent reports to 1838 ; from those 
of the Metropolitan Police, in 1837 and 1838; from 
those of the Society for the Prevention of Juvenile 
Prostitution, in 1836, 1837, 1838; from Mr. Talbot's, 
and from the Police Commissioners' Report before Par- 
liament; from that for the Secretary of State fob 
THE Home Department, from 1837 to 1838. 

So sensitive are the people and legislature of this coun- 
try in favour of the liberty of the subject, that neither the 
magistracy nor police are allowed to enter improper, infii- 
mous, or disorderly houses, unless to suppress disturbances ; 
but the authorities have no power whatever, under ordi- 
nary circumstances, to interfere with the inmates of these 
abodes of vice and crime. Neither can the police arrest 



PBOfTITUTION IN LONDON. 89 

using obscene language in the streets, or for the 
re or sale of obscene prints^-— crimes which can only 
ished by the tedious and very expensive mode of 
I indictment — a chief cause of these vices. 
Q, the metropolitan police has no power to interfere 
dty of London, where an inefficient corporate police 
but is confined to the new and much larger por- 
the metropolis, called ^' the West-end of the town, 
lurbs." I mention this fact, because prostitution is 
iy greater in proportion, in " the City/' than in 
Test-end;" and also, because the Reports of the 
POUT AN Police, which I shall quote immediatdy, 
ndude the city of London. I wish the reader to 
hat the city authorities and metropolitan police are 
iistiuct forces from each other ; and that tihey difior 
raugely in their estimate of prostitution;— the one 
there are 80,000 prostitutes, and the other under 
in the whole metropolis. This, and similar discre- 
, will show how difficult it must be, to give anything 

accurate view of the present state of prostitution 
metropolis. 

It the year 1793, the late Mr. Colquhoun, a magis- 
police^ concluded, after tedious investigations, that 
ere 50,000 prostitutes in this metropolis. At that 
the population was one million, and as it is now 
[, the number of abandoned women might perhaps 
losed to have doubled. 

oie of the present commissioners of the metropolitan 
las assured me, that no reliance could be placed on 
uracy of Mr. Colquhoun's estimate, and that even 
ben the new police is much better organized^ no 
results can be arrived at 
a historical fact, that soon after the French revolu- 

1789^ licentiousness spread throughout Europe, 
B thus graphically described in this country, by the 



00 PROSnTUTION IN LONDON. 

late revered philanthropist, Mr. Wilberforce. He obflerYes, 
in his preliminary observations to the Report of tub 

SOGIBTT FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF VlOE '.— 

" From these, and other considerations, and when, from 
some peculiar circumstances of the times, pubUcatioos, 
prints, &c. of the greatest obscenity had, in the year 1802, 
become more than commonly numerous, tlie Society for 
the Suppression of Vice was established as an auxiliary to 
the Proclamation Society, which had been formed for tbe 
purpose of giving effect to his late Majesty's (Greorge IIL) 
most gracious proclamation, then recendy issued, against 
Vice and Immorality; the Proclamation Society itself 
having been grounded on the precedent of former similar 
institutions, which, as has been already stated, had not long 
before fallen into disuse. The main object of the Proda- 
mation Society, as well as of the Society for the Suppresaioo 
of Vice, was to carry into effect the laws for the protectioo 
of the religion and morals of the country. The Society 
for the Suppression of Vice was, for some time, greatly 
indebted to the Parent Institution for considerable dona- 
tions ; but by degrees the members of the Prodamatkn 
Society ceased to assemble, and the Institution itsdf 
became exjtinct, in consequence of its being, in a great 
measure, superseded by the more active operations of die 
Society for the Suppression of Vice. The Society is sup- 
ported solely by annual subscriptions and donations, the 
amount of which is left to the discretion of the contributor 
It may not, however, be improper to suggest, that die 
general Annual Subscription is a Guinea, though other 
sums of greater and less amount are received ; and, in 
compliance with the wishes of many individuals, the names 
only of the members are printed, omitting the sums 
subscribed." 

^ The particular objects to which the attention of this 
Society is directed are as follow ; viz. : — 



prostitution in london. 91 

"1. tfle pretention of the profanation of the 
Lord's Day, 

'^ 2. Blasphemous Publioations. 
'* 3. Obscene Books, Prints, &c, 
'^ 4. Disorderly Houses. 
*' 5. Fortune Tellers. 
" 1. The profanation of the Lor^e Day,— It is unne- 
cessary, and indeed scarcely possible, to point out how 
Mseotially the cause of religion and morality suffers, by 
the prevalence of such an offence. It is, in fact, the una- 
nimous opinion of all our ablest moralists, that, on the 
decent and orderly, though not austere and pharisaical, 
•beervance of the Lord's Day, the preservation of the 
lei^on of the bulk of our people must depend. It ought 
ever, likewise, to be borne in mind, that the immediate 
lod direct mischief arising from suffering the few offences 
of this kind, against which the Society proceeds, to pass 
■npunished, is by no means to be taken as a fair estimate 
rf the total amount of evil, which would, ultimately, result 
hnn their impunity. From various, and many of these 
rtyvious causes, it is the tendency of such violations to 
nciease. When one artificer or shopkeeper, less scrupu- 
oos than others, has for some time employed his men, or 
old his goods, on the Lord's Day, others are too naturally 
ed to follow his example ; and even those that were at 
list restrained by religious principles, are too often induced 
rf degrees to give up their scruples, when the loss of their 
lade, and the consequent ruin of their families, appear 
3[dy to be the consequence of adhering to them. The 
'ery extensive sale at present of Sunday newspapers, (the 
int solitary instance of which commenced about thirty 
rears ago), proves the tendency to increase in similar 
iases ; and we might also refer to the still more extended, 
md now almost universal prevalence, within the last fifty 
^ears, of travelling on Sunday, by stage-coaches, which 



92 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

formerly used to stop during the whole of that day, or at 
least from the hour preceding the morning, till the condo- 
sion of the afternoon service. But, independently, of the 
reverence due to religion, and however lighdy some vaxf 
he disposed to regard the sacred obligation of the Christian 
Sabbath ; yet, if they were aware of the miseries that result 
from its being devoted to the purposes of trade, the com- 
mon feelings of compassion, and even the obligations of jua- 
tice, would lead them to discountenance such abuses. Fre- 
quently do complaints reach the Society from apprentices, 
workmen, and others, whom the inonlinate avarice of their 
masters keeps at their occupation during the whole of that 
day, which, if not exclusively devoted to religious dutiea, 
is so necessary for relaxation and repose from toiL Master- 
tradesmen also, who are desirous of exemption from ae- 
cular employment on this sacred day, often apply to the 
Society for its aid against their unprincipled neighbours; 
who, availing themselves of the shops of their competit«)fa 
being closed, often succeed, by such means, in depriving 
them of their business and customers. This is the case 
particularly with butchers, fishmongers, poulterers, and 
greengrocers. Some of these people have declared with 
sorrow and shame, that for many years together, neither 
they nor their journeymen and apprentices have been able 
to attend public worship. 

"2» Blasphemous pubiicatione.'^Tlds is another lead- 
ing object of attention with the Society. But in the instance 
of this class of publications, it is carefid not to lay itself 
open to the objection; that, from the manifest difficulty of 
drawing any precise line, it may obstruct the prqpress of 
truth, by preventing free discussion. It therefore direct! 
its attention to works which, from the vulgai scurrility 
and coarse ribaldry in which they abound, render it mani- 
fest, that no one can have been led to publish them by a 
sincere, though misapplied^ desire to promote the cause of 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. ^ 93 

truth ; and which prove^ on the contrary^ that their authors 
trust for the accomplishment of their ohject^ — the rooting 
of religious principles out of the mind, — to the too sure 
expedient of extinguishing all reyerence for sacred subjects^ 
by accustoming it to regard them with levity^ and polluting 
them by base and d^ading associations. 

" 3. Obscene books, prints, S^c, — Under this head is in- 
cluded every thing that may tend to inflame the mind, and 
eoirapt the morals^ of the rising generation. These are 
diligently sought out^ and no efforts are spared to bring 
!^ venders of them to punishment. It is truly remarked 
by Dr. Paley, that, of all the crimes which call for legal 
uumadversion^ this is perhaps one of the least excusable, 
when the evils that result from it on the one hand, are 
compared with the motives which prompt to the commis- 
OQO of it on the other. Experience only could convey any 
adequate idea of the systematic manner in which this base 
tnffic is conducted, or of its various forms and great extent : 
iret from its nature it courts concealment, and therefore it 
vqnires no little assiduity to discover the noxious wretches 
If whom it is carried on^ and to suppress their pernicious 
netices. It cannot but call forth the indignation of every 
nind that is not utterly depraved, to learn what is stated 
a the evidence taken before the Police Committee of the 
louse of Commons, that the dealers in this nefarious trade 
ULYe endeavoured, but too successfully, to introduce their 
teaHSLeat articles into the Seminaries of Education for boys, 
Qd even into boarding-schools for young ladies. The 
ist of the prosecutions of this class of offenders, which the 
k>ciety has instituted^ and the success that has attended its 
sertions, would alone establish its title to the gratitude, 
ind the liberal support of all the friends of public morals ; 
-«f all, more especially, who wish to preserve from 
xmtamination the purity and decency of the rising gene- 
stion. 



94 PROSTITUTION IN LONDOIT. 

" 4. Disorderly houses. — ^The Society is not only acdie 
in suppressing these, when competent and proper evidence 
can he ohtained for that purpose ; hut is frequently the 
organ of important communications respecting them, to 
the Police, and parochial authorities, to which the enforce- 
ment of the laws against such nuisances more immediately 
hebngs. 

*' 5. Fortune-teller St S^c. — This may appear to he too 
trifling to he made a distinct head of attention ; hut the 
puhlic in general are not aware of the various and exten* 
sive evils commonly arising from this system of imposturei 
The police reports, and the annals of the Society, sore 
amply to prove, that these practitioners, after reducing 
their credulous dupes (most commonly servant girls, and 
others of the lahouring classet>,) to complete destitution, 
even to the disposal of theii wearing-apparel, proceed to 
incite them to the rohbery of their employers. They arc 
often resorted to also as the profligate agents of the seducer, 
to whom the deluded victim is led by preconcerted events, 
so managed as to assume the appearance of that fatality, 
which completes the delusion, by seeming to verify the 
prediction.* To the thinking and considerate, it will so 
readily occur, to what other numerous ill-consequences 
this ofience may be instrumental, that to enlarge on the sub- 
ject is unnecessary, farther than to observe, that it has an 
inevitable tendency to draw its infatuated votaries from 
that line of good conduct, and that exercise of commmi 
sense, on which the happiness and prosperity of their future 
days must, under divine providence, chiefly depend* 

" Such is the outline of the nature and principal objects 
of the Society for the Suppression of Vice ; but in justice 
to the Institution, it should be stated, that in those parti- 
cular cases, where the desired end can be accomplished by 

* See Powell's trial* pubUshed by the Society. 



PR06TlTUTiON IN LONDON. 95 

lidon and warnings the Society uniformly seeks to 
its purpose by prevention, rather than by punish- 

t is not a little creditable to our Institution, and more 
ally it may. be adduced as a proof, that the Society is 
3 justly on its guard against being carried away by 
(temperate degree of zeal ;— that it has scarcely ever 
in any of its prosecutions ; — ^and that it has, from 
to time, been honoured with public expressions of 
bation from those who, from the period of its forma- 
lave occupied the highest seat of justice. 
L detail of the Society's proceedings will be found in 
[inutes of the Examination of its Secretary, in July 
before the Police Committee of the House of Corn- 
printed by the Society for general use, in the sub* 
I Appendix. From that period, the transactions of 
Kaety are stated in the occasional Reports of its pro- 
igs ; which may be had on application to the Secre- 
at No. 57, Lincoln's Inn Fields: an extract from 
>£ these will also be found in the Appendix, 
rith claims such as those which have been already 
, to the good-will and confidence of the public, the 
y makes its appeal to the patriotism of the friends of 
m and morality throughout their country. The ex- 
B to be incurred in carrying on their proceedings, 
necessarily be considerable. The Society is sorry to 
der the necessity of stating, that its finances are ge- 
y in far too reduced a state to cope with the many 
which are pressed upon its attention by the public ; 
tiaefore, with all the earnestness which is inspired by 
icitude for the morals of the rising generation, and 
e deep interest it takes in the well-being of the com- 
ty, it calls upon the affluent to contribute towards 
iplenishing of funds, which can be amply proved, by 
ience, to be exclusively employed in promoting the 



96 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

virtue^ and in preserving the social and domestic comioct 
of its fellow-citizens." 

The Society proceeded prosperously until 1 81 7, when iti 
secretary was summoned before a parliamentary committee, 
and delivered the following evidence on the progress of 
licentiousness, which I give in substance. 

The Society first entered upon its investigation into 
the state of the trade in obscene books, prints^ &'c., shortly 
after its institution in the year 1802; at which period, pro- 
secutions for such offences being almost unknown, so fittie 
disguise and concealment were used by dealers of tins 
dass^ that, with no great difficulty, important discoveries 
were soon made as to its nature and extent It nu 
early ascertained, from indubitable testimony, that several 
foreigners (having their head quarters in London,) of 
apparent respectability, and considerable property, wem 
united together in partnership, for the principal and almost 
exclusive purpose, of carrying on an extensive traffic in 
obscene books, prints, drawings, toys, &c. The agents^by 
whom the partners in this house disseminated their mtt' 
chandize, were about thirty in number, chiefly consistii^ 
of Italians, under the assumed character of itinersnt 
hawkers, by whom they established a systematic trade 
throughout a great part of the United Kingdom. The names 
of the artipts were also ascertained by whom the prints wer& 
designed and engraved. These itinerants, after beiiig pro- 
vided with a considerable stock, were accustomed to dis- 
perse themselves in parties of two, and sometimes would 
travel singly in different directions throughout the countiy; 
and when their stocks were exhausted, their confederates 
in London were accustomed to convey fresh supplies by 
the waggons. These itinerants, at stated intervals, would 
rendezvous at towns previously agreed upon, and concert 
their future plans of proceeding. The places which they 
principally visited were, Brighton, Maidstone, York, Man- 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 97 

Chester, and the counties of Norfolk and Saffi>lk. The 
8ame species of trade^ and hy similar means, was also ear- 
ned on by others]; and it was ascertained, from the tes- 
timony .of a frame-maker, as well as from other credible 
lOtiFces of information, that the principals and agents 
generally concerned therein, amounted in number to at 
least six hundred. From their own, and other incidental 
nformation, it was discovered that the principal vent for 
their commodities were schools, and chiefly those for 
iemales, into which they would contrive to introduce these 
irtieles by means of servants. Women were also em- 
I^yed as agents in this trade, who would gain admission 
into schools for females under the pretext of purchasing 
Cttt-off clothes from servants. It also appeared that opu- 
lent tradesmen, of fair reputations, were concerned in the 
same trade, who obtained large importations from the 
eontinent, in return for the works of native artists. Many 
of the keepers of ballad-stalls were also implicated in these 
tnmsactions, and several booksellers were known to be in 
the habit of supplying country orders of the same kind. 
The foregoing description is as concise an outline as can 
wdl be given of the state of this trade at the time when 
die Society ^rst entered upon the investigation of it ; and 
Ub early records furnish ample and circumstantial par- 
tieulars in proof of the general facts I have stated. 

*' Having obtained undoubted evidence of the practices 
before detailed, the Society immediately sent cautionary 
letters to almost all the schools for female education in and 
about the metropolis, and to the head-masters of all the 
different schools. They afterwards prosecuted two itinerant 
dealers to conviction, and have continued, up to the pre- 
■ent time, to watch the trade with a vigilant eye, until, by 
mccessive prosecutions, they have reduced it to a state of 
comparative insignificance. 

H 



98 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

*' The Society have carried on between thirty and forty 
prosecutions against these offenders^ in all of which they 
have invariably succeeded ; the Society being particultrly 
careful not to enter upon any prosecution, in which there 
may seem to be the most distant probability of failure. 

*'' The various prosecutions of the Society have appt- 
rendy tended to the diminution of these offences. 

<^ So much so as to render it now a matter of great diffi- 
culty to succeed in making purchases^ which heretofoie 
could be effected with comparative ease. A very common 
answer now returned to applications made for such artides 
is^ that it is very difficult to procure them in consequence 
of the prosecutions of the Society for the Suppression of 
Vice ; the very name of which proves of considerable effi- 
cacy in spreading dismay among the trade, and driving 
many, who before derived an entire subsistence from it, 
into other occupations. 

^'In consequence of the renewed intercourse with the 
continent, incidental to the restoration of peace, there has 
been a great influx into the country of the most obscene 
articles of every description, as may be inferred from the 
exhibition of indecent snuff-boxes in the shop windows of 
tobacconists. These circumstances having tended to a 
revival of this trade, the Society have had occasion, within 
the last twelvemonths, to resort to five prosecutions, which 
have greatly tended to the removal of that indecent dis- 
play, by which the public eye has of late been to mudi 
offended. 

"This description of goods was introduced into the 
kingdom from the continent also during the war to a very 
small extent comparatively, though the advantages of 
obstructed intercourse in this respect were in some degree 
counteracted by the great quantities manufactured at the 
prisons for prisoners of war. 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 99 

" In proof of the extent of this evil, I heg leave to give 
in the following letter^ received from the late Mr. BirtiU^ 
of Bristol^ nnderdate^ Bristol, 6th December, 1808. 

" ' Sir, — The Bristol Society for the Suppression of 
Vice being about to dissolve, and the agents before em- 
ployed having moved very heavily, I took my horse and 
rode to Stapleton prison, to inquire into the facts contained 
in your letter : inclosed are some of the drawings which I 
purchased, in what they call their market, without the 
least privacy on their part, or mine ; they wished to ob- 
trude on me a variety of devices, in bone and wood, of the 
most obscene kind, particularly those representing a crime 
which ought not to be named among Christians, which 
they termed " the new fashion" I purchased a few, but 
they are too bulky for a letter ; yet 1 will forward them if 
desired. Straw platt was tendered me by at least thirty of 
the prisoners, who carry it about with them. 

" ' This market is held before the door of the turnkey 
every day, between the hours of ten and twelve ; and the 
^ace being small, I think it impossible for him not to be 
privy to the description of articles sold. 

** * 1 have waited on the Mayor, who, in conjunction 
with a respectable magistrate for the county (Thomas 
Daniel, Esq.), has sent an official letter to the Duke of 
Portland, who is Lord High Steward of this City, enclosing 
proofs of this abominable practice, and requesting his 
interference with the proper officeis, and that a total stop 
be put to it Perhaps your very useful Society might, 
with the enclosed, still further this object ; or, if we are 
applying to the wrong persons, advise us of the most 
eflBcient mode of acting. 

*' ' The prison is a pleasant walk of three miles, and is the 
promenade for the youth of both sexes of this city in fine 
weather, as well as the resort of strangers; so that the 
mischief is incalculable. 

h2 



100 FROSTITUnON IN LONDON. 

. '* ' Ffease to make my best acknowledgments for thi0 

humane attention of jonr Committee^ while I fed waay 

and ashamed that our citizens should have suffered an erfl 

of such magnitude to he at their doors unremoved for tQ 

long a time. I am^ Sir, 

" * Your very obliged servant, 

^ Addressed^ '^ * John Birtill.' 

" ' George Prichard, Esq., 
" ' 31, Essex Street, Strand.' 

''In consequence of the foregoing letter, the Society 
made representations to the Transport Board, and the then 
Duke of Portland, who caused instructions to be dis- 
patcbed to the Agents for Prisoners of War at Bristol, and 
the result was the entire suppression of the evil. Similir 
communications were afterwards; made to the Agents far 
Prisoners of War at Noripan Cross, Dartmoor, Chatham, 
Yarmouth, Foxton, and Edinburgh. 

'' The present state of this trade appears to be on Ihe 
decline. The Society has reason to think, from coUatenl 
evidence, that it is now reduced to a very low ebb, parti- 
cularly in consequence of a very recent prosecution by the 
Society ; but which it is intended to discontinue, in conse- 
quence of the parties having delivered up a consideratie 
magazine of obscene books, upwards of twelve hundred ob- 
scene prints and drawings, and all the copper-plates in 
their possession, from which many of the prints weie 
struck off. From indirect information received by ^ 
Society, and which there is every reasonable ground fbr 
beiievingi this was the great and almost only remaining 
source of supply to the inferior dealers throughout ^ 
kingdom. 

^ Prosecutions were rare before the establishment of tlie 
Society, because the offences were but* little known bj 
those who, from theur province or situation in life, might 
naturally be supposed to be inimical to such practices; 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 101 

for dealers and customers^ being alike conscious of guilty 
QBed every precaution against detection^ and carried on 
the trade in concealment. When these offences were 
first brought to light by the Society^ magistrates expressed 
their astonishment at the extent of the evil, of the great 
prevalence of which they before had no conception. 

^ It seems strange that the Society should come to the 

bowledge of offences so Uttle known to the police ; but 

this is easily accounted for; because it is one of those 

ofkaces for the detection of which there are no rewards^ 

and magistrates can only be supposed to have knowledge 

of such crimes as become the subjects of information 

before them. How duly magistrates have been impressed 

with the enormity of this offence when brought before 

them by the Society^ may be inferred from the following 

recorded observation of a magistrate by whom one of 

these delinquents was tried ; viz. ' That the miscHief done 

to the community by such offences greatly exceeds that 

done by murder: for^ in the latter case^ the mischief has 

some bounds; but no bounds can be set to the pernicious 

consequences of a crime, which tends to the entire corrup- 
tion of morals.' 

*^ It is not to be understood that the society would recom- 
mend that the system of rewards should be extended to 
the detectionfof this species of offence^ as it would tend to 
the introduction of great abuses by attracting the common 
informer. On the other hand, individuals are deterred from 
coming forward on the occasion, by personal timidity and 
the expenses attendant on prosecution. These difficulties 
become obviated by means of the Society, through whom 
the moral feelings of the country can, i^ith irre^stible 
power, be brought to bear upon this, as well as all other 
(^fences that are open and scandalous violations of the laws, 
passed for the preservation of public morals and decency. 

'^ But it may be said that the Society itself cannot act 



102 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

without employing a number of agents^ whose practioet 
are open to the same objections that attach to the commoD 
informer. 

'^The Society seldom employs more than one agent, 
whose office is not to find out offenders; but to ascertain 
the correctness of such information as is received from 
respectable individuals, and to qualify himself for giving 
evidence on the occasion. In using the means necessary 
for detection^ he is strictly prohibited from using false- 
hood, or of alluring to sale by the offer of a price. The 
public is the usual source of that informatian on which the 
Society acts^ as I could prove by the production of those 
letters which usually give rise to their proceedings ; but 
which cannot be brought forward without a breach of that 
confidence reposed in them by their correspondents^ with 
respect to whom it is their custom to preserve strict 
secresy. The idea which has gone abroad^ that the So- 
ciety send among the public numbers of secret spies and 
informers^ is utterly without foundation^ and has originated 
in the misrepresentations of many of the public journals, 
the editors of which (from not understanding the true 
character of the Society, or the real nature of their pro- 
ceedings) have too hastily admitted ihto their columns the 
misrepresentations of those evil-disposed persons^ who are 
ever attempting to render the Society unpopular by dis- 
seminating the most unfounded calumnies. The Com- 
mittee endeavour^ by all the means in thdr power, to 
make the well-disposed members of society understand, 
that the Institution is to be considered as an instm- 
ment in their hands for putting in force the existudg 
laws against the more open and daring violations of 
public decency. With this view the committee avail 
themselves of every opportunity of inviting all persons, 
duly impressed with the importance of such considera- 
tions, to communicate to the Society what they may 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 103 

rer wiAin the sphere of their ohservatioii. With 
te Yice and folly^ and such as extends not to the puh- 
e influence of its had example^ the Society have 
igto do, and never interfere ; and being entirely depen- 
on public opinion for their existence and support, 
nost of necessity be particularly careful of maintain- 
by the general propriety of their measures, as the 
: the public esteem would inevitably be productive of 
iownfaL 

he proceedings of the Society are generally con- 
I by individuals of the most respectable classes in 
fy both clergy and laity^ as its printed Reports show, 
rosecutions are usually instituted, sometimes at the 
er Sessions, but mostly in the^ Court of King's 
1. Although suits in the latter court are much more 
sive, yet they gain more publicity, and denunciations 
tt offenders from a court of the highest jurisdiction 
kingdom, tend to infuse a greater degree of dread 
I persons prone to such offences. 
he Courts before whom these prosecutions have been 
ht^ have generally approved of them ; and thel^ality 
Society's associating for such purposes, has not been 
iht into question. 

lie Court of King's fiench has been pleased on such 
CDS to declare its high approval of such prosecutions ; 
he Lord Chief Justice, in the trial of a man named 
isi, in adverting to some observations of counsel for 
sfence, insinuating that it was illegal for persons to 
ate for the olgects pursued by the Society, and par- 
rly for the prosecution of offenders, was pleased to 
' Something has been said about the persons who 
formed themselves into this Society, having acted 
ury to the law ; it does not appear to me they have 
BO, by any thing they have done in prosecution 
\ porpofles of the Society ; but looking at this prose- 



104 PBOSTITUTIOK IN LONDON. 

cution only^ so far from seeing any thing which trenches 
upon law, I conceive they have done very properly ii* 
taking an interest in the morals and happiness of society^ 
and in exerting themselves to prevent the contagion of 
these infamous publications. It appears to me they have 
deserved the thanks of all men, and I do not know of one 
rule of law upon which they have at all trenched.' And 
on the occasion of another prosecution, for the same offence, 
the same high authority was pleased to observe — ' Whether 
these prosecutions will have the effect of suppressing this 
infamous practice I do not know ; if they have not, 1 can- 
not tell what must be done to put an end to it.' 

*' It has been objected, that such things derive a pub- 
licity from prosecutions, the ill effects of which more than 
counterbalance their supposed advantages. 

'^ Such certainly has been one of the objections urged 
against the Society's prosecutions; but that it has no 
foundation in fact, will appear from the following rule, 
always adopted in Court with respect to these proceedings, 
viz., that the indictments are never read openly in Court; 
but are, with the libel, handed up to the Bench and the 
Jury, so that not even the name of the libel escapes. That 
this is the case will appear from the observations of the 
Attorney-General upon one of the Society's prosecutioiiSy 
viz. * I cannot but congratulate the Society upon the very 
satisfactory result of their last prosecution, by which they 
have established, by the highest authority, that gentlemen 
of the first rank may not only, with perfect propriety, lend 
their assistance to the bringing offences to light, and 
offenders to punishment ; but that, in so doing, they will 
be protected from any thing that might be injurious to 
their characters, or distressing to their feelings ; and have 
also given a practical proof that prosecutions, which, firom 
the manner in which they sometimes have been conducted, 
have been more injurious to the interests of morality than 



PB06T1TUT10N IS LONDON. 105 

^ practices which they sought to suppress^ may be 
lirought under consideration before the most crowded au- 
diences, in a manner not to offend the most chaste ear of 
ftmale yirtue, or in the smallest degree to promote the 
piogress of vice. I hope 1 shall be excused for adding 
these observations upon an occurrence^ which has given me 
nach satisfaction.' 

" What is the legal description of the offence under 
ooQsideration ? and is the law as it at present stands 
adequate to its reformation? 

'' It comes under the description of a libel^ the printing 

and publishing of which is indictable at common law^ as 

tending to a breach of the peace. According to the law of 

libel (as at present understood by magistrates) it certainly 

IB by no means adequate to the suppression of such offences; 

for if an itinerant dealer is detected in the very act of selling 

obscene prints at a school^ he cannot be apprehended with- 

oat a warrant, which cannot be obtained until after a bill 

ofindictment is presented and found against him by a 

grand jury^ in order to which (a thing almost impossible) 

his name must be previously obtained. These difficulties 

enable itinerant dealers sometimes to escape with impunity^ 

and to carry on their nefarious practices at other places. 

I do not see how this evil can be effectually put a stop to^ 

unless constables and all other persons are enabled to seize 

socfa offenders without a warrant* (as in cases of treason 

and felony^) and to carry them before a justice of the peace> 

to be held to bail, or committed for want of sureties to take 

tiieir trial at the ensuing Quarter Sessions or Assizes. 

'' The circumstance of these publications being intro- 

• " TM« difficulty has since been happily obviated by a circular, declara- 
toty of the law, from a late Minister of the Home Department: by which 
m^«t>M»<^ were instructed, that, for all acts committed by individuals, 
ttadiDg to a breach of the peace, they had a power of immedbte commit- 
In dcfkult of baU. 



106 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

duced into seminaries for female education rests upon i 
doubted evidence. 

'^ The fact has been verified^ by the evidence broa 
forward on such trials^ and has been adverted to by 
Court of King's Bench in pronouncing its judgment in 

following terms in the King v. : * We cannot 1 

without horror and disgust^ the arts you have practise 
render the wholesome seminaries of female education 
scenes of pollution and vice. At the same time^ what 
passed upon this occasion, must strike all persons ' 
horror and disgust ; it has opened a scene which it vni 
well for those who have the tuition and care of youth, n: 
as well as females, seriously to reflect upon, and in fu 
to guard against vnth the most attentive caution.' 

" Is there reason to suppose that the evil with respe* 
schools is now effectually remedied ? 

" Though it is probably much diminished, yet th 
still continues to exist in a degree, appears from a repo 
what passed at Union Hall no longer ago than the m( 
of September last, and which was as follows : viz., Ui 
Hall — Infamous Case — ' James Price was brought uj 
an inspector of hawkers' licences, charged with haw 
goods from house to house not having a license, 
inspector stated, that being at Richmond, on Wedne 
last, he observed the defendant going about from houf 
house selling twine and snuff-boxes ; he went up to ] 
and asked him for his license; the defendant prodi 
one, which was out of date, and acknowledged he ha 
other. The defendant now pleaded great poverty, and 
he was ignorant his license had expired, and the magis 
was about to discharge him ; when, upon further inv 
gation, it was discovered that many of the snuff-boxes 
indecent and obscene engravings, and pictures upon tl 
some of them very highly finished ; and, on being ek 



PBOSnTUTION IN LONDON. 107 

interrogated by the worthy magistrate^ in consequence of 
some iuformation conveyed to him^ the defendant was 
obliged to confess that he was in the habit of exposing these 
boxes to sale at Ladies' Boarding Schools^ and of disposing 
of many of them to the young pupils. The magistrate 
animadverted in severe terms on the conduct of the defend- 
sntj and regretted that his power of punishing him extended 
no further than fining him ten pounds, which he did ; and 
the defendant not being prepared to pay that sum, the 
magistrate committed him to the house of correction for 
tbree months^ or until the fine was paid.' 

^' I do not think that any degree of vigilance that can 
be exercised by the heads of schools^ can effectually guard 
against this evil, unless the law is rendered more effectual 
igainst such offoiders, as suggested in my answer to a 
ibmier question.* 

'^The Society disposes of the obscene articles which 
come into their possession, in the following manner. 

" They are always destroyed in the presence of two 
members of the Committee, except a few specimens, which 
are preserved as evidence of the convictions, which have 
1 from time to time been obtained by the Society. These 
cpedmens are kept in a tin box, secured by three different 
locks ; one of the keys of which is kept by the Treasurer, 
one by a member of the Committee, and one by the Secre- 
tary ; so that the box can at no time be opened, but with 
the concurrence of these three persons. 

" The Society has in all prosecuted eleven keepers of 
disorderly houses, up to this date, June, 1817, two of 
which ware brothels, fifty-six persons concerned in illegal 
lotteries, litde-goes, &c., and thirty-nine fortune tellers. 

*' lliese places are generally the resort of the daughters 
of petty tradesmen, of men and maid servants, in and out 

« " See former Note; from which it appears, that this difficulty is now 
lemoTed. 






108 PROcnruTioN in london. 

of plaoe^ of apprentices, and of shopinen, where they nu^ 
in association with people of ahandoned characters, oA 
with thieves and sharpers, who soon estaUish intimadn, 
which (independently as to maid-servants, of their ^at^ 
dency to prostitution) not unfrequently, it is probable^ 
prove subservient to those robberies in private hooses, 
which are so frequently heard of through the newspapers. 
The evils, therefore, intended to be remedied by the act, 
S5 Geo. 11.^ cap. 36, unless it is amended, are likely to go 
on increasing, until they swell the immorality of the times 
to a fearful extent. The same observations equally apply 
to private theatres. 

The evils caused by fortune-tellers are very serious. 
They delude their votaries by foretelling lucky num- 
bers, and thus aggravate the evils attendant on lottaies 
and illegal insurances. They promote improvident mar- 
riages among the lower classes, and are frequently the 
medium of effecting seduction and adultery. The Society 
twice convicted a man of the name of Powell, whose trial 
was printed ; a copy of which, with the leave of the Com- 
mittee, I will give in, and which, with his private papers 
and correspondence, supplies ample proof of the facts 1 1 
have stated. 

^ The Society seems to have done very little respecting 
brothels : from what has this arisen, when there seems such 
abundant cause for its exertions in this respect ? 

'* The regular way of removing these nuisances is by 
parishioners themselves; any two of whom, paying scot 
and bearing lot therein, can, by putting in force the pro- 
visions of the acts of the 25th Geo. 2, cap. 36, and the 9S± 
Geo. 8, cap. 19, get the evil removed. In doing this, how- 
ever, great difficulty arises; for before a person can be 
convicted of keeping a brothel, it must be proved to be 
such by a person who has visited the house^ and thus 
rendered himself a partaker in the crime which is the sub- 



■PAOsnTunoN in lonbon. 100 

f pTOBecation. From this it must appear evident, 
be Society, which by its rules is precluded from ^ 
r immoral testimony, can do little towards abating 
nuisances. It is customary, therefore, in the indict* 
against the keeper of a brothel, to add a count charge 
e offender with keeping a disorderly house, ^e proof 
ich iis much easier ; so that if the prosecutor fails in 
ig the first ofience, he may succeed in proving the 
I. The two houses which the Society succeeded in 
^ssing were both of the most infamous description ; 
' which, situate in Crispin Street, Spital Fields, ap- 
to have been more particularly kept for the purpose 
eiving and seducing female infants under fourteen 
of age. This house having been effectually cleared 
infamous occupiers, by the exertions of the Society, 
ards became the residence of a respectable trades- 

The Society frequently receives accounts of no- 
sly bad houses, of which it is the medium of convey- 
formation, either to the Minister of the parish, or to 
[agistrates of the police office, within whose juris- 
a the house may be situate, 
he Society is of opinion, that further legal remedies 

be beneficial with respect to this class of offenders. 
he Society, viewing the existence of brothels as an 
rhich it would be impracticable totally to prevent, 
ve that the only attainable point to be aimed at is the 
ition of those nuisances. For this purpose, the So- 
M)nceives, that considerable benefits would result from 
Bg these houses more under the superintendance of 
dice ; and in certain cases they are of opinion, that 
itiates should have a power of summary conviction, 
me such means, these houses might be prevented from 
ing the public, and be entirely suppressed whenever 
become a nuisance to the neighbourhood. At the 
time, the Society is by no means disposed, in their 



110 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

earnest endeavours for the suppression of vice, to tiendi 
unnecessarily upon the liberties of the subject; and it is 
well aware of the backwardness and jealousy of the legi- 
slature in lodging discretionary powers in the hands of 
individuals^ which have been and still may be abused to 
purposes of tyranny and oppression. 

^* Since the Secretary's last examination the Society has 
continued its exertions against the various classes of 
offenders comprehended within its plan of operatiions, as 
will appear from the following brief abstract of its pro- 
ceedings : 

'* 1. The Society has continued to direct, with litde 
intermission, weekly inspections of the various districts 
throughout the metropolis and its environs, in the course 
of which it has been obUged to resort to numerous prose- 
cutions for enforcing the decent observance of the Sab- 
bath. Although, in the present inefficient state of the law 
and its penalties, a complete remedy cannot be applied to 
these abuses, yet the evil has, by incessant exertion, been 
considerably abated. 

'' 2. The Society has in all instituted fourteen prose- 
cutions against this class of offenders, commencing widi 
Richard Carlile. Inasmuch as needy individuals are found 
through whom Carlile obstinately persists, though still 
under confinement for his offences, in carrying on this 
baneful and illegal traffic, yet he may be regarded as a 
solitary instance of perdnacious opposition to the laws of 
his country. That this is the case, has been clearly proved 
by the Society's inquiries at nearly thirty different shops 
in the metropolis and its environs, heretofore known to be 
addicted to these practices ; when the answers unifmmly 
returned were, in effect, that they dare not execute such 
orders, as it was almost impossible to escape detection and 
prosecution. 

" 3. Upwards of twenty dealers in obscene publications 



PROBTITUTION IN IjONI>ON. Ill 

have been prosecuted by the Society to conviction since 
the year 1817 ; and the prosecutions^ which are at pre- 
sent in progress, have so alarmed the trade, as in a great 
measure to have put a stop to it for the present. Occa- 
sionally, however, as the fear of punishment subsides, 
these practices revive, of which the Society soon receives 
information, when a few seasonable examples again repress 
them for a time. But this is an evil which requires constant 
Tigilance to keep in check, without which it would soon 
again resume the state in which the Society found it in 
the early stage of its establishment. 

" For fuller particulars of the Society's proceedings, the 
reader is referred to its occasional Reports, which may be 
had gratis on application, during office hours, at the So- 
ciety's chambers." 

Mr. Prichard has kindly favoured me with the general 
mmmary of the Transactions of the Society, from its esta- 
Uishment in 1802 to August 1838, which is as follows: — 
^ The Reports of the Society's transactions, heretofore 
occasionally published for the information of its members 
and the public, being mostly out of print, it has become 
necessary, for the continuance of such information, to re- 
capitulate the substance of those Reports, with the addi- 
tion of what has taken place since the date of the last. 

''For checking the trade in Licentious Publications, 
the Sodety, since its establishment, has, in all, instituted 
eighty prosecutions in the Court of King's Bench, at 
Assizes, and Quarter Sessions. Of these, nineteen were 
discontinued, on the parties pleading guilty, entering into 
recognizances for good behaviour for stated periods, and 
delivering up their remaining stocks on affidavit. Eight 
of those prosecuted escaped by absconding, and the re- 
mainder of those convicted were sentenced to imprison- 
ment for two years, and shorter terms, according to the 
flagrancy of the respective cases, to which, in some in- 



112 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

Stances, punishments by fine and pillory were added. (F^ 
the foregoing, one man was convicted of selling an ift'"^ 
decent publication to a pupil at a public college at no gret^ 
distance from the metropolis. This prosecution was under^^ 
taken at the instance of the head master, who detected the? 
transaction. From this public estabHshment, and its prin- 
cipals, the Society, in consequence, has since continued to 
derive pecuniary support. Another man, detected in 
carrying on this trade at the seat of one of the Univer* 
sities, was, at the instance of the head of a college, prose- 
cuted and convicted at the local Assizes, Dn which occa- 
sion the Society's expenses were paid by a vote of the 
senate. And in addition to those cases in which it has 
been necessary to proceed by indictment, the Society has 
in many instances, both in London and elsewhere, been 
the means of detecting and bringing to punishment, by 
summary proceedings, before the magistrates, men who 
have been found travelling about as hawkers with stocks 
of these infamous articles, disposing of them at the towns 
and other places through which they passed, and making 
it their particular business to attend at all the different 
fairs throughout the country. The stocks seized at d\ff^ 
rent times, or delivered up for destruction, conformably 
to terms of compromise,^consisting of books, copperplates^ 
and prints, together with toysy and snuff-bowes, with 
abominable devices, have altogether amounted to ma«g 
thousands* It cannot be too often repeated, and that, 
for the purpose of exciting the continued watchfulness of 



* Within the last three years the Sodety has been the means ol 
the circulation of no less than 279 Infidel and Blasphemous Publicatiaitti 
exclusive of a large quantity in sheets ; 1,1()2 Obscene Books and Pamph- 
lets ; besides a large quantity in sheets, and 1 ,495 sheets of Obscene SoQgs i 
10,493 Prints and Pictures, both English and Foreign, of the most infiuDoas 
description, besides a great number of obscene Cards, Toys, and Snuff- 
boxes. And 16 Copper-plates have been melted down under the intpectfcm 
of the Society. 



PROSTITUTION IK IiON1>ON. 113 

^ masters and mistresses of male and female boarding 
Khools, that their establishments have been made the 
peculiar objects of the miscreants engaged in this detest- 
able traffic^ the agents employed for these vile purposes 
baring been usually itinerant hawkers. Race-courses have 
fiequendy been the field of the Society's usefulness, and 
oaoy ddinquents have been prosecuted and convicted at 
Assites and Quarter Sessions who were apprehended at 
tbose places of public resort^ for offering for sale^ and even 
throwing into carriages fiUed with ladies, the most obscene 
papers, under the denomination of sporting lists. 

[This is now an act of vagrancy, by the 1 and 2 Vict, 
c 38., and the parties may be summarily pynished.]] 

** To check, and, if possible, to annihilate these dread- 
M evils, has been at all times the anxious desire and 
earnest endeavour of the Society. Much has been done 
with the small pecuniary means at its disposal ; and, with 
adequate resources, they would not despair of affording a 
nearly complete protection to the community. But as 
prosecutions £ofr such offences are attended with heavy 
expenses,* it must be evident that the Society is entirely 
dependent, for ^e extent and success of its efforts, upon 
the pecuniary support of the public, which it therefore 
urgently solicits. To stimulate the general zeal in behalf 
of diis great cause, the committee think that they cannot 
do better than quote an eloquent and forcible passage 
from the lectures of that eminent prelate, the late Bishop 
Porteus, one of the Vice-Presidents and a zealous sup- 
porter of the Society, viz. : — 

<* ^ A bad example, though it operates fatally, operates 
comparatively within a small circumference. It extends 
only to those who are near enough to observe it, and fall 

• In two late prosecutions, simultaneously undertaken the Society ex- 
pended 3251. 29. 8d.t and nearly two years elapsed before the sentence of th^ 
Court oould be obtained. 



114 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

within the reach of the poisonous infection ^at spreads 
around it ; hut the contagion of a licentious puhlication, 
especially if it he (as it too frequently is) in a popular and 
captivating shape^ knows no hounds ; it flies to the re- 
motest comers of the earth, — it penetrates the ohecure and 
retired hahitations of simplicity and innocence, — it makes 
its way into the cottage of the peasant^ — ^into the hut of 
the shepherd, and the shop of the mechanic ; it falls into 
the hands of all ages, ranks, and conditions, hut it is pecu- 
liarly fatal to the unsuspecting and unguarded minds of 
the youth of both sexes, and, to them, its breath is poison, 
and its touch is death/ — Lectures^ vol, it, p, 82. 

" The attention of the Society has also been directed to 
the evils arising from the sale of blasphemous publications, 
for the prevention of which it has^ from time to time, in- 
stituted fourteen prosecutions, in several of whicb^ on the 
conviction of the parties, sentences of imprisonment fol- 
lowed for two years and for shorter terms, to which, in 
three cases, were added two fines of 500/. and one fine of 
100/. The effect of these prosecutions was to dose the 
principal mart for the sale of such works, and, on inquiry 
at thirty- three minor places of sale, promiscuously applied 
to, and known to have been engaged in the same trade, it 
was found that they had caused a discontinuance of the 
sale of these productions; the owners having refused to 
supply them, in consequence, as they alleged, of the So- 
ciety's prosecutions. In particular the Society may in- 
stance the case of the Rotunda, in the Blackfriars Road, 
which so long, to the disgrace of the country, was allowed 
to remain the t)ieatre of infidelity and blasphemy of the 
most revolting description, where the most sacred rites of 
our Christian worship were publicly caricatured and per- 
formed with every mark of mockery and derision. By 
the efforts of the Society, these impious exhibitions were 
wholly suppressed; and the principal actor in the dis- 



PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON. 1X5 

graceful scenes that had taken place^ was sentenced to two 
years' imprisonment^ to pay a fine of 200/, and to enter 
into recognizances, himself in 500/. and two sureties in 
250/. each^ for his good behaviour for five years. 

The Society has also^ within the present year, esta- 
blished an additional claim to the support of the friends 
of religion and social order^ as having been the first to 
nmse the public voice against the establishment^ under 
legislative sanction, of the race-course known as the Hip- 
podrome, at Netting Hill, within two miles of the end of 
Oxford-street. The deadly mischief likely to result from 
such an establishment in its effects upon the happiness 
and respectability of thousands in and near the metropolis , 
had already begun to be felt. Gaming and drunkenness, 
prostitution, and a contempt for the Sabbath, had oc- 
curred to an alarming extent, as concomitants of the 
monthly races that were held there. At considerable ex- 
pense, the Society took the lead in preparing petitions to 
both Houses of Parliament, and taking other active steps 
for creating a strong public opposition on moral and re- 
%iou8 grounds to this obnoxious measure, which, although 
floccessfully carried through the House of Commons, has 
flubsequently been abandoned by its promoters. 

'^ The Committee of Management of the Society deem 
it necessary to state, that its method of proceeding for 
prerenting the profanation of the Sabbath is now changed, 
inasmuch as it is confined to cases in which parishes 
themselves may be desirous of resorting to the Society 
for aid and advice. The costs of such interference the 
parishes are required to pay, in order that the Society's 
funds may be exclusively applied to putting down the 
trade in licentious and blasphemous publications, such 
funds never having been fully adequate to the many occa- 
4Bons which, under these heads of offence, call for its 
utmost exertions. The Society's attempts for preserving 



11^ PRO0TITUTION IN LONDON. 

the Sabbath from violation have, in addition to moderating 
the eril for a time^ had the good effect of reriving the 
laws against such offences^ which, at the time of the 
Society's entering on such proceedings, were fast falling 
into desuetude. The number of the Society's summary 
prosecutions against this class of offenders, have amounted 
to upwards of two thousand, and, in numerous instances, 
they were undertaken at the request of magistrates and 
ministers of parishes. 

'^ With claims such as these, which have been briefly 
stated, to the good-wiU and confidence of the public, the 
Society makes its appeal to the patriotism of the friends 
of religion and morality throughout the country. Widi 
comparatively trifling means, it has hitherto been enabled, 
under the Divine favor, to maintain a powerful check upon 
the evil practices of those whose trade it is to profit by the 
moral ruin of our youth, and the spread of depravity and 
vice, in their most unhallowed forms, throughout the 
land. But the expenses to be incurred in carrying on its 
proceedings are necessarily very considerable, and it is 
with regret the Society is under the necessity of stadng 
that its finances have been so much reduced, that it is 
unable w cope with the many cases which are constantly 
pressed upon its attention, and even in those that have 
been undertaken, it has been found necessary, for some 
years past, to incur an expenditure considerably exceeding 
its income. It is, therefore, with all the earnestness wfaieh 
is inspired by deep solicitude for the morals of the rising 
generation, and by a zealous interest for the well being of 
the community, that the Society for the Suppression of 
Vice calls upon the affluent, and the public at large, to 
contribute towards the replenishing of funds, which can 
be amply proved to be exclusively employed in promoting 
the virtue, and preserving the social and domestic happi- 
ness of its fellow citizens. 



PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON. 117 

^OTE. — ^At a general meeting of the Society^ specially 
convened for the consideration of the subject^ it has 
been resdTed^ ^ that the bye-law of the Society^ requir- 
ing that its members shall consist exdusively of mem- 
bers of the established church, be repealed/ Notice is 
therefore publicly given, that all well-disposed persons 
desirous of promoting the objects of the Society, are 
now eligible to become members thereof." 
A very wise and judicious resolution. 
In addition to the preceding account, Mr. Prichard also 
informed me of many other particulars, which he stated in 
evidence before the Parliamentary Committee on the Me- 
tropolitan Police in 1838, though not published in their 
Report. 

He informed me that there were at one time ninety, and 
DOW, September, 1838, twenty-nine house in London for the 
flpen sale of improper works. That the officers of the Society 
had caused the police to seize on large parcels of such works 
and prints, and to tell the owners they would receive them 
at a certain police office, for example, 12,000 were sent to 
Bow-street. That the native productions were far inferior 
to die foreign, in point of execution and obscenity, that 
both were bound up as prayer books, specimens of which 
he showed me, — that the Society was in possession of 
French, Crerman, Dutch, and Engli^ engravings, packs 
flf cards, figures, toys, snuff boxes, &c. to a considerable 
extent, and that such productions were used in almost all 
infamous houses in London—that these were generally 
iold at 2/. and upwards eadi, some much less, — that there 
were shops for the sale of bad books, &c., to corrupt the 
lower classes and trades-people, varying in price from six- 
pence to two shillings and sixpence, and that the youth of 
both sexes, who gazed at such productions in shop windows, 
were watched by wretches and trapanned for either a name- 
less purpose or prostitution! — that penny theatres vrere the 



118 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

nurseries of young thieves and prostitutes, and lastly, that 
the public in general, knew little of the actual state of 
hoentiousness, or of the many devices to promote it. 

The next information which I obtained was, the reports 
of The London Society for the Protection of Young 
Females and Prevention of Juvenile ProstitutioKi 
and from its zealous and indefatigable Secretary Mr. J. B* 
Talbot. This truly excellent Society is supported by ^ 
nobility, Lord Mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen of the city of 
London, and by distinguished clergymen and other humane 
individuals.* 

I freely quote the reports of the Society as the best on 
the subject to which they relate ; and shall tlien conclude 
by giving the substance of Mi. Talbot's replies to questions 
I submitted to him and other public functionaries, which 
will complete the history of vice in this metropolis. 

The Society was instituted in May 1835, soon after the 
publication of a suitable address. 

'* The Committee cannot avoid referring to the present 
dreadfully immoral state of the British Metropolis. No 
one can pass through the streets of London, without being 
struck with the awfully depraved condition of a certain 
class of the youth of both sexes at this period. Nor is it 
too much to say, that in London crime has arrived at a 
frightful magnitude; nay, it is asserted, that nowhere 
does it exist to such an extent as in this highly favoured 
city. Schools for the instruction of youth, in every species 

• Patrons—The Right Hon. Earl Mount Cashel. the Right Hod. Ettl 
Chichester, the Right Hon. Lord Viscount Gage. Vice'Patroru — Sir Arthur 
de Capel Broolie, Bart, W. T. Copeland, Esq. Aid. dc M.P., David Salo- 
mons, Esq., Rev. Thoma* Dale, M.A., Rev. Arthur Peanon« MJL, Rev. J. 
Williams, M.A., Rev, E« Pemherton, M.A,, Rev. Andrew Reed, D.D., Rev. 
Joseph Fletdier, D.D., Lieut E.de Montmorency, R.N. Directort— Right 
Hon. Earl Dartmouth, Right Hon. Lord Ardan, Right Hon. Lord Wham- 
dlffe, Sir C, Eardley Smith, Bwrt, Rev, David Laing, M.A., Thomas 
Wilson, Esq., Lenovd Ciurie, Esq., Charles de St Len, Esq., J. H. 
Surge, Eiq. ' 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 119 

of dieft and immorality^ are here established. Here we 
discover, upon investigation, that juvenile delinquents are 
promoted and encouraged, by those who receive the greater 
share of the plunder, and who incite to further acts of de- 
predation and robbery. It is the common practice with 
the inmates of these dens of iniquity, after the avocations 
t>f the day cease, to revel in intoxication and debauchery 
during the greater part of the night; and he who has 
ptoved himself the greatest adept in their unlawful pur- 
suits, is elevated to^the rank of monarch for the night, and 
adorned with all the mock honours of a King, as a reward 
for his superior attainments. Facilities for like transactions 
are multiplied^ in no ordinary degree, by the establishment 
of illegal places of dramatic entertainment, and unlicenced 
dandng-rooms. 

** A long catalogue of crimes peculiar to the metropolis 
might be enumerated : suffice it, after what has been stated, 
to direct the attention of the public to the abominable system 
of traffic carried on by tiie traders in Juvenile Prostitution. 
It has been proved that upwards of four hundred individuals 
procure a livelihood by trepanning females from eleven to 
fifteen years of age, for the purposes of Prostitution. £very 
art is practised, every scheme is devised to effect this object ; 
and when an innocent child appears in the streets without 
a protector, she is insidiously watched by one of these 
merciless wretches and decoyed, under some plausible 
pretext, to an abode of infamy and degradation. No 
flooner is the unsuspecting helpless one, within their grasp, 
than, by a preconcerted measure, she becomes a victim to 
thdr inhuman designs. She is stripped of the apparel with 
which parental care, or friendly solicitude had clothed her, 
and thdn decked with the gaudy trappings of her shame, 
die is compelled to walk the streets ; and in her turn, while 
producing to her master or mistress the wages of her pros- 
titution, becomes the ensnarer of the youth of the other 



ISO PROSTITUTION IN LONDON, 

sex. After this, it is useless to attempt to return to 
paths of virtue and honour ; for she is then watched wHStm, 
the greatest vigilance^ and should she attempt to escape 
from the clutches of her seducers^ she is threatened wifts. 
instant punishment^ and is often barbarously treated. Thu^ 
situate^ she becomes reckless and careless of her future 
course. It rarely occurs that one so young escapes conta- 
mination ; and it is a fact, that numbers of these youthfuX 
victims imbibe disease^ within a week or two of thei^' 
seduction. They are then sent to one of the hogpilrii"* 
under a fictitious name by their keepers^ Or unfeding^)^ 
turned into the streets to perish ; and it is not an uncom"— 
mon circumstance^ that, within the short space of a famt^ 
weeks^ the bloom of healthy of beauty^ and of innocenoer.ss: 
^ves place to the sallow hue of disease^ of despair^ and 
death. 

" This fact will be appreciated when it is known that ii 
three of the largest hospitals in London, within the lasi 
eight years, there have not been less than S700 cases 
disease arising from this cause^ in children from eleven 
sixteen years of age. 

" Often has the parent of a fondly-cherished daugfate^^^ 
had to deplore the untimely fate of his child. His 
have been blasted, — the cup of parental joy dashed froi 
his lips, — the once manly frame has become a completed 
wreck, — and his grey hairs have been pressed with sorrow ' 
to the grave. 

" With regret it is stated, that the instances of Jav^uik^ 
Prostitution are exceedingly numerous, and most of tliem- 
take place in the manner just depicted. Not less than. 
80,000 Prostitutes exist in London, — a great proportion 
of whom are of tender age. It is computed that 8^000 die? 
every year, and yet the number so far from being reduced^ 
is rather on the increase — the market, as it were^ beings 
constantly supplied by those who are ever on the alert ta 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 121 

entrap the innocent and the unwary. Here then is an 
amoont of human misery^ arising from one source ! Na- 
ture is thus outraged^ and the nohlest powers of our species 
debased to the level of the hrute. Incalculable is the suf- 
fering thus inflicted upon these unfortunate creatures.— 
Incalculable is the mischief forced upon society, by the 
example here produced. 

*' Distressing as this statement must be to every virtuous 
mind, the evil does not rest here; — ^it is impossible to cal- 
culate what extent of suffering is communicated to the 
youthful profligate of the other sex, by the poison of 
disease thus thrown into the mass of the population ! In 
^^dition, there is the immense injury sustained, in a monl 
point of view, by the example thus afforded to the rising 
feneration. If the reports of the London Criminal Courts 
^1^ carefully examined^ it will be found, that, nearly two- 
^birds of those convicted of outraging the laws of their 
^^Oimtry, are connected with the keepers of brothels, who 
^'t^e the encouragers and promoters of theft and dissi- 
I^tion. 

^ The Committee cannot refrain from alluding to the 
^^^Ircumstance of a * Gaol Committee' of the House of Lords, 
^tting at the present time ; and although they consider it 
Necessary that the Prisons of the country should be regu- 
lated by the best and most salutary laws, and with an 
Anxious desire to reduce the amount of crime ; yet they 
Apprehend that an inquiry into the causes which fill our 
%aols, and our workhouses, and increase the burdens of 
^he people, would expose to view, in all its fearful aggra- 
vation, the evil which this Society seeks to remove. 

^It is lamentalde to observe, that scarcely a day 
passes without bringing to light, by means of the public 
papers, some new acts of seduction — of desertion ; and 
how often has the humane mind bitterly reflected on the 
amount of life sacrificed either by disease or suicide^^ 



122 PBOtfTITUTlON IN UlNDOir. 

What revoltiiig scenes, too, do we witness ! To be deaf 
to the obscene Ungnsge vociferated, or to be insoinUe to 
the dreadful practices adopted by the most abandoned of 
these creatoresy is impossible. Will parents attempt to 
deny^ that their sons and daughters are not liable to tbe 
contaminating eSed of the example^ thus openly placed 
before them ?— or that a high responidbility attaches itsdf 
to them to endeavour to eradicate this alarming evil? 

" But where is the Society to snatch from the seduoo's 
grasp his innocent victim ? No friend near to coancO^ 
no extended hand to rescue — no eye to pity. Let it be 
the work of this Society to stand in the breach, to protect 
the innocent, to punish the guilty, to bring to the fiiH 
glare of public censure all the nefarious and hidden trans- 
actions practised by the traders in Prostitution, to establish 
a refuge to which the wanderer may be directed, and to 
employ every lawful means to break up the odious systein 
now in existence. 

'^ Oh ! then, ye who have distinguished yourselves in 
the righteous cause of benevolence; who have not forgotten 
the doubly-chained swarthy sons of Africa; who have ex- 
tended the right hand of help to those in distress in foreign 
dimes ; forget not the miseries of your own beloved father- 
land. Think of the sufferings incident to a life of Pros- 
titution; — the contaminating effects of such a direful 
plague on the morals of the community, and the vast 
amount of crime of which it is the prolific parent. Oh ! 
think of these things, and let not the opportunity pass 
unheeded to stem the torrent, — to stop the lava, whose de- 
vastating flood has so long deluged the streets of London* 

*' Ye who are parents — ^who may be fondly anticipating 
days of unalloyed pleasure in the society of a loved daughter, 
pure as the dew-drop's sparkling gem, — think that the 
horrors of a life of Prostitution may be her's. Po68ibly> 
when for a moment beyond your watchful care, she may 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 123 

be decoyed^ seduced, and mined by one of those wretches 
in human form, whose name and pursuits it will be the 
objects of this Society to endeavour to eradicate. 

*' You are then earnestly entreated, as you value the 
"welfare of your own children, as you value the happiness 
and prosperity of your country, and as you regard the 
morality of posterity, to co-operate with this Society, which 
offers to every one a large field for the exercise of benevo« 
lence. In order to carry out its objects, it is intended to 
establish Branch Societies in the metropolitan parishes, for 
the purpose of co-operating with the Parent Institution ; 
and when London no longer requires the whole exertions 
of the Society, its attention will be directed to other large 
towns of the British nation ; or if its funds will enable it, 
it will not shrink from the task even in its infant state. 

*' One of the objects of this Society will be to procure an 
alteration in the existing laws, so that the evidence nece»- 
sary to convict, may be more readily and easily obtained ; 
and to provide a summary and severe method of punish- 
ment This object once obtained, the labours of the 
Society will be comparatively easy; and its projectors 
doubt not that the blessing of Grod will crown its endea- 
Tours with success." 

The services rendered to public morals in 1836 will be 
appreciated, after the perusal of the following docu- 
ment: — 

" Extract from the Report of the Committee presented to 
the Public Meeting^ at the London Tavern^ on Tueg^ 
day. May 3, 1836, Mr, Sheriff Salomons^ in the 
unavoidable absence of the Right Honourable the Lord 
Mayor ^ M,P,y in the Chair, at which several Resolu- 
tions were unanimously carried, founded on the leading 
Facts contained in the Report, 
^ In directing the attention of the subscribers and the 
pnUic to the proceedings of the Society for the past year^ 



124 TmcszauTuxs or uqsdok. 



the Commiaee deaze so cxproi their thankfulness for the 
sopport they haTe hitherto xeoeiTed, and for the amount 
of good thej coofidentlj heiieve to hare been effected* 
Their sincere acknowledgments are also doe to the Director^ 
of the Magdalen, Pe&itentiarj, Guardian^ and Maritime 
Penitent Female Refoge Institations, for the kind anc^ 
benevolent assistance they hare afiorded to this ^k>ciety. 

" Although the metropolis too frequently presents uum^^ 
of open and nndiagoiaed Tice, distressing to every mon^B 
and religions person, yet no pictore is perhaps mor^9 
rerolting than the frightful increase of juvenile prostitu— — 
tioa. Under the shadow of night, and even at mid-day, tbe^ 
streets aze perambulated by unhappy children, decoyed — 
from the paths of virtue, by miscreants, for the meresfl 
purpose of gain, and who, though the authors of their** 
destruction, yet remain unpunished. That there are- in 
London hundreds of persons who live by the ruin o: 
female virtue is too generally known to need any confirma^ 
tion ; and that artifices, the most subtle, are employed to 
entrap children of a tender age, is equally notorious. 

" The Committee have much satisfaction in observing, 
that they have been instrumental in causing the removal 
of several most notorious brothels, particularly one in 
Batty-street, Commercial Road, kept by a person of the 
name of Maxwell ; and another in Dock-street, Commer- 
cial Road, kept by an individual named Catherine Keeley, 
who had occupied the house for about sixteen years. Some 
others in the neighbourhoods of Bedford-square (East), 
and the Mile-£nd Road, have likewise been removed. 
In all cases, the Committee have been very careful not to 
adopt any proceedings until a formal complaint of die 
houses in question had been laid before them, signed by at 
least twelve resident housekeepers of the vicinity in which 
the brothels were situated. 

'^ The Committee in one instance of seduction, that of 



ntOSTITUTION IK LONDON. 1S5 

. child about thirteen or fourteen years of age, deemed it 
ivoper to interfere^ inasmuch as the friends of the female 
pplied to them for protection ; and upon a full investiga- 
ion before the Honourable Mr. Norton^ at Lambeth-street 
^•(dice Office^ the individual was committed for the offence, 
mit, upon trials was acquitted. The child remained under 
be protection of the Society for several weeks, and was 
Lltiinately restored to her sisters, residing at Limehouse, 
vlio pledged themselves to provide for her. 

" Since the commencent of the Society, a great number 
vf instances of juvenile prostitution have been brought 
tnder the notice of the Committee* It would be impos- 
Shle, in the limits of a Report to detail every case. They 
vill^ therefore, merely cite a list of the most prominent, 
electing those which more particularly exemplify the 
leoessity of their Institution. They are as follow: — 

*^ Mary Anne Stevens, aged sixteen years, had been on 
^e town two years ; had an infant three months old ; 
ipplied to the Society to be rescued from her present 
i^raded life, ^fter being under the protection of the 
Society for four weeks, an asylum was procured for both 
mother and child. 

*^ Mary Anne Clark, aged fifteen, had been deserted by 
tiioBe whom she considered her parents, in the county of 
Hants ; had travelled to London, been decoyed into a house 
of ill-fame, ruined, and compelled to walk the streets. 
Being dissatisfied with her course of life, she applied to 
the Society, who found it necessary to send her to St. 
Bartholomew's HospitaL After her discharge, an asylum 
was procured for her, which she left, and accepted a 
dtaation provided by the Society. 

*^ Mary Anne Smith, a servant, seventeen years old, had 
left Mazemore, Gloucestershire, to take a situation in 
Kackfriars-road. After leaving that situation, and ac*- 
oepting another, she was seduced by her young master. 



and eompefled to hiDl 
Bmp d jy i aad vidi her evil eomse of fifiBs 
■ppfcffH ID ^ SoaeST for prafeedion, and an asyhH^ 



A.%M 




" Saxah Rerrs. j^^d e^ieen. had been decoyed hasf*^ 
CaTccikh. in Sodbkk, bj a ^toeunm, bion^t to Londoia^ 
and takes u> a hrochei ; bnt, br a deficrmiDed lesiatano^.^ 
ibe escaped from die dntcbes of her betzayo-, and appliecS 
on the ame day to the Sodesy for protection. She m.^^ 

pbeed, by order ci the kte Mr. Walker, the Lambeth 

itzeet magitfrate, in the Mile-end workhoose. After 
patient and labonous inTesdgation to trace the parties idu 
had been instnimentai in bringing her to London^ whid= — -* 
&iled, as she proved to be, by the testimony of the Bev. 
Edward Pemberton, lector of Beauchamp, St. Panl'i 
Sofiblk, and other highly respectable indiyidnals, a good^^^ 
moial, and viituous character, the Committee provided ^^^ 
sitoation for her in London. Haring expressed a desire t(^ 
Tetom to the country, she was sent to her mother at? 
Cavendish, where she arrived in safety ; and as a tokra of 
the estimation in which the Rev. £. Pemberton hdd the 
Society, from his knowledge of the case of this girl, he has 
forwarded to the Committee a donation of 61. 

** Sarah Beaumont, aged fifteoi, whose mother had 
been dead some years, and whose father had been living 
in indolence, partly supported by his daughter s prostitu- 
tion. She was taken into custody by a policeman at the 
back of the London Hospital, associated with several 
others, most of them under fourteen years of age. She 
was brought before the magistrates at Lambeth-street 
Upon her earnestly pleading to be rescued from her de« 
graded life, and at the request of her friends and dte 
magistrates, an asylum was procured for her. She was in 
the most dreadful state of destitution ; and when the Com- 
mittee visited the lodgings of the father, in Dunk-street, 



PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON, 18T 

litecbapel, not an article of furniture was to be founds a 
idle of shavings in each corner of the room serving for 
id, on which the wretched inmates slept. 
' Maria Scoggins, aged fifteen, held a situation as stay- 
ker. On her way to her father's house in the evening, 
was decoyed to a brothel kept by Rosetta Davis^ alias 
rahams, ruined, and turned upon the streets. She was 
sovered by her father, who implored the protection of 
Society, by whom she was placed in an asylum. 
^ Mary Anne Carter, aged eighteen, applied to the So- 
y to save her from going upon the town a second time. 
i bad abandoned her course of life, and had been 
[ling a living by needle-work at the house of her brother 
I sister ; biit in consequence of her brother threatening 
torn her into the streets, she entreated the aid of the 
iety. The Committee accordingly placed her in one of 
metropolitan asylums* 

' Elizabeth Tate, aged fifteen, had been seduced by a 
ng man at Limehouse, and there appeared every pro- 
ility, fiom the poverty of her parents and relatives, 
t she must have resorted to the streets for a livelihood, 
ing no one to look to for protection and support. 
ier these circumstances, the Committee found her a 
:e of refuge. 

^ £liza Jennings, aged fifteen years, had been living as 
rant at a low brothel ; but, by the interference of the 
iety, was induced to return to her parents. 
^ A servant, living with a highly-respectable gentleman 
Aldgate, had an illegitimate child ; this circumstance 
ooed her master to dismiss her from his service. She 
I described by him as a good and industrious servant ; 
he intimated that it was impossible he could either keep 
, or give her a character. There appeared, therefore, 
prospect but a recourse to the streets for the support of 



ISS FBUULimosr or uoanMsr, 



hendf ind difld. Her one bang kid before tbe Sodety, 
ihtj obCiiDed anoifaer dtoalioo for ber. 

** EHxa Partis* agpd thirteen, reg t o red to her fnends. 

'^ Jdardn Mctctlf wms sentenced to one month's impri- 
sonment in Cold-bftth Fldds, and upon her discharge^ trai 
indncedbr the Sodetr to retom to ber parents, residingin 
Salmon's^ane, limdiooae. 

^ Ann Knox, bad been aedneed and kept for three 
montbs at a brodid in Thomas-«treeC, opposite SadWi 
Wdk. Alter being deserted by ber seducer, she iras 
detained fbrdiree we^ at the same hrodiel by the Vee^i 
named Graves ; bot upon the interference of the Sodetyi 
iras restored to ber friends. 

^Anne Hoc^per, be t wee n sixteen and seventeen yean 
old, bad been taken to St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; and 
upon ber disdiarge, one of the nurses recommended her to 
the Society. The Committee, after clothing her, procured 
ber a respectable place in the City-road. 

'' Anne Turner, i^ed ei^teen, left her parents, and 
after enduring the most dreadful privations for some 
months, was taken before the magistrate at the Thames 
Police Office for a misdemeancM-. By the interposition of 
the Society, she was restored to her friends at Ipswich. 

'^ Anne Nightingale, a young married woman, with 
three children, who had been deserted by ber husband for 
six years. After enduring the utmost misery, she was in- 
duced to become a prostitute; and having lived this 
d^raded life for three months, applied to the Society, who 
provided her a lodging, procured her needle-work, and 
ultimately placed her in a respectable situation. 

*' Fanny Llewellyn was decoyed to the house of Mnt 
Phillips, a notorious brothel-keeper ; after remaining there 
three days, she was, through the interference of the 
Society, restored to her parents. 



FBOBTITUTION IN LONDON. 1^ 

** These are some of the cases which have come under 
he consideration of the Committee, and as their details 
imply prove that the most abominable system is in active 
operation for entrapping and ruining young females^ they 
^ery earnestly solicit attention to them. 

** In addition to these^ it is stated on undoubted authority 
hat a girl fifteen years of age, seeing in a shop window a 
taper requiring hands to work at waistcoat making, applied 
o and was engaged by the mistress, who agreed to give 
ler hoard and lodging in return for her services. After 
he had been there about a fortnight, the mistress intro- 
luced her to a house of ill fame, kept by herself, and thus 
&cied her ruin. 

^ Another girl, fifteen years of age, on the death of her 
ather, who died somewhat embarrassed, was actually sold 
>y her step-mother to the keeper of one of these houses in 
he eastern part of London. A violent illness was very 
oon the consequence of the inhuman and barbarous treat- 
nent she received; and, on being sent to a hospital, 
biough the kind assistance of the sister, obtained admis- 
km into a Magdalen Institution. 

** Another case, even more revolting, was that of Mary 
Inne Dutton, who, at the age of twelve years, was taken 
rom the workhouse by a woman, who pretended to want 
ler as a servant. This abandoned female caused the ruin 
f the poor child, and made a disgraceful profit by her 
irostitution. 

^^ That such instances of depravity and cruelty should 
emain unpunished, and that such a system should con- 
inue unrepressed, must surely be considered a reproach 
the national character. \Vliat has been stated, however, 
rill convey but an imperfect idea of the extent of these 
fils, and of these horrific practices. 

*• To detail the numerous artifices employed to draw 
nwary children of both sexes into this vortex of misery 

K 



ISO PROSTITUTICN IN LONDON. 

would be impossible, they are so complicated and varied; 
the Committee will, therefore, only allade to the treatment 
experienced by these unfortunate creatures after having 
been trepanned. As soon as the female is decoyed to a 
brothel, she is no longer allowed to wear her own dothei^ 
which become the prize of the keeper. She is thext decked 
with a few paltry trappings, and sent into the streets, fol- 
lowed by a child hired for the purpose, or by the master or 
mistress. Failing to bring home nightly a certain number 
of the other sex, she is severely punished. She is not per- 
mitted to appropriate one penny to her own use. During 
the day, she is compelled to wander about the house 8 
victim of unrestrained and wanton barbarity, and fre- 
quently destitute of the common necessaries of life, unless 
she is employed in her usual practices. This, then, is a 
part of the dreadful picture of a life of prostitution ! 

" 1 1 is surely one of the most important duties of civilized 
society to endeavour to suppress this increasing and de- 
structive evil ; but, according to the old adage, '' What is 
everybody's business is nobody's business;" and, tber^ 
fore, this duty which is incumbent on all, is performed by 
none. To undertake this neglected duty is the ol](ject of 
this society. It proposes — 

^' 1st. To suppress those houses which encourage juve- 
nile prostitution. 

2nd. To punish persons acting as procurers or pro- 



(( 



curesses. 



3rd. To afifbrd protection to the unhappy sufferers. 
" The first-named object is of primary importance, for 
it has been ascertained that full two-thirds of the unfor- 
tunate females in our streets are under twenty years of 
age. From this it is evident, that the general number oi 
prostitutes would be greatly reduced by accomplishing <li6 
objects of this Society, and a vast amount of crime and 
misery prevented. 



>ttOSTITUTION IN liONDON. ISl 

^' Much good^ it is anticipated, will be achieved by the 
efibrts (Xf this Society, which, without attempting to grap- 
ple with evils beyond its reach, by confining its attention 
and energies to the prevention of juvenile prostitution (an 
object which humanity and policy unite in recommending 
to our support and encouragement, as Christians, as citi- 
sens, as men), would suppress, or effectually control, prac- 
tices at which our common nature shudders. 

** The Committee exceedingly regret that their finances 
will not allow them to give a detailed Report of the Public 
Meeting, which was of a very interesting character. The 
Subscribers, it is hoped, will approve of this determination, 
and by their active co-operation and assistance, give in- 
creased efficieucv to the labours of the Committee. 

'' It now merely remains for the Committee to state, 
tiiat they have received in donations and subscriptions, 
Ii3/L 14«. nd, ; and that they have expended 127/, Ss. Ud. 
(which includes the expense of two public meetings, 
diarges connected with the cases detailed, and advertising, 
printing, stationery, &c. &c.), leaving a balance of 16/. 
lis. in the hands of the Sub-Treasurer. 

" The Committee cannot conclude their Report without 
tendering their acknowledgments to the Right Hon. the 
Lord Mayor and Mr. Sheriff Salomons, for their valuable 
services at and previous to the public meeting, and for 
their continued countenance and proffered assistance." 

'' July 13, 1836, 
^ Society's Office, 92, Fenchurchnstreet/' 

*' Ordinary observation must convince every individual 
who passes through the streets of London, that prostitu- 
tion exists to an incalculable extent. However apparent 
iStke evil — ^however alarming its consequences — ^however 
mjurious to the morality of the rising generation — there 
sre very few persons prepared, from an accurate know- 

k2 



13S PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

ledge of its vatied ramifications, to disdose to the public 
the amoant of its oonsequent horrors^ its miseries^ its des- 
titution^ its degradation, and tiie numberless crimes of 
which it is the prolific source. 

" It must be perfectly clear, that to attempt to establish 
the fact that there are 80,000 prostitutes within the biU» 
of mortality (of which there is littie doubt), would be a. 
a task of extreme difficulty, and wojild yield no further 
advantrge to the community than to impart information 
it did not previously possess. The mere cognizance of 
the circumstance, the Committee apprehend, could only 
be productive of good, as it would furnish data upon which 
to found a legislative enactment This, most certainly 
would be desirable ; and it is hoped that the information 
will shortly be obtained. The Committee are glad to ob- 
serve, that one of Uieir Vice-Patrons has already given 
notice of a motion iu the House of Commons for an in- 
quiry into the state of the metropolis, in reference to 
juvenile crime ; and they are convinced that, in this in- 
vestigation, scenes of the most horrible depravity and cri- 
minality will be exposed — scenes which will make huma- 
nity shudder, the existence of which were not even thought 
of by the religious and moral portion of the public. 

'' The Committee seek not to harrow up the feelings by 
any highly wrought picture of the dreadful evils which 
this Society seeks to remove. They invite observation. 
They call upon every parent, every brother, sister, relative, 
or friend, to pass through the streets of the metn^oUs, 
and to form their own judgment on this subject. The 
Committee, from positive information, are enabled to states 
that there are in Loudon, exclusive of the city, and some 
other parts, at least 1,500 brothels, and this, they have 
reason to believe, is not more than half the number ; most 
of these are either tenanted by, or used as houses of " ac* 



PBOeiTTUTION IN TENDON. 133 

commodation" for^ females of tender age; and^ in the 
saloons, may be seen every nighty an incredible number of 
young women in this awful condition. 

** Much of the prevalence of intoxication — ^many of the 
petty thefts and juvenile delinquencies, daily on the in- 
crease — much of the vice and consequent misery, which 
calls forth the benevolence of the public — may be traced 
to these hot-beds of pollution. A mere glance at the con- 
victions in the London Criminal Courts will show that 
many of the proprietors of these dens of iniquity add, to 
dieir other nefarous pursuits, the trafic in stolen property. 

'* In these haunts and their neighbourhoods^ the laws of 
morality and common decency are constantly violated and 
set at defiance ; and it is to be lamented that while such 
open and undisguised depravity is allowed to exist, all the 
benefits of religious instruction, all the advantages of early 
education, all the efforts of the philanthropic and benevo- 
lent^ become neutralized. The eyes and ears of the young 
are soon familiarized to scenes of vice, and while the 
means of its indulgence are so easily accessible, their par- 
ticipation in it is rendered more than probable. 

'^ It is indeed a stigma upon a country calling itself 
Christian and moral — so pre-eminently distinguished for 
its noble and efficient institutions, and its plans for the in- 
culcation of sound moral principles into the minds of the 
humbler classes from their earliest years, that the objects 
of our solicitude should, at a period of life when they are 
most susceptible of impressions from such scenes as have 
been described, be exposed to their contaminating in- 
fluence ; while the difficulties in removing the receptacles 
of drepravity and crime, are so insurmountable, from a 
defective state of the law, that this can only be effectuated 
by Bodies associated for that express object. 

^ The immediate suppression of all such resorts would be 
ahnost impracticable ; but to abate them is surely the duty 



134* PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

of the public^ the administrators of the law, the ministen 
of religion, the teachers of the young, the officers o£ 
parishes, and of the fathers and heads of families. This 
Society therefore calls upon them for their co-operation^ 
that, with promptitude and decision, all such lawful means 
may be employed as are available ; but as the laws are con^ 
fessedly defective on this subject, it is imperative on 
persons to unite in petitioning the legislature for such an 
amendment of the law, as shall afford effectual means of 
abating this dreadful evil. 

" The Committee are happily enabled to state that their 
honorary solicitor, T. Wontner, Esq. has received instruc- 
tions to proceed against ten of the most notorious brothels 
in London ; and that while they thus seek to root out 
brothels, and punish their keepers and procurers, they are 
also anxiously solicitous to protect the unfortunate victims 
of their baseness ; and they will on no account suffer any 
to return to a life of degradation and wretchedness, while 
they possess the means for securing their return to honest 
employment. Since the establishment of this society, many 
have been rescued ; and they trust, by the blessing of God 
on their efforts, others will be added to that number. 

'' The Committee feel assured that their efforts will be 
sustained by all the virtuous and the good. They trust 
the time is not far distant, when, by the united energies of 
all classes, this evil shall be effectually subdued ; and this 
Society be hailed as the harbinger of a brighter day, in 
which such evils shall no longer impede the progressive 
happiness of the human family." — October 18, 1836. 

** The Committee of the above Institution, feeling the 
deep importance of the objects they have in view, are 
desirous, as far as practicable, to increse the efficiency of 
their operations. Convinced of the necessity of sup- 
pressing those houses where juvenile prostitution is encoa- 
raged; of reducing the facilitieg for parrying forward this 



PBOSTITl'TJON IN LONDON. 135 

atrodouB practice^ and, if possible^ of preventing it a]to- 
gether ; they are also anxious that there should he esta- 
blished some appropriate refuge, to which, the chUdren 
discovered in the houses occupied by the persons prose- 
cuted, as well as those of tender age, who might casually 
apply to the Society for advice and protection, might be 
admitted. By these means, the Society, while it punished 
the guilty, would be enabled to shelter and rescue the vic- 
tims of their sordid baseness, who, instead of being com- 
pelled to seek other haimts of vice, and the indulgence of 
criminal pursuits, might, under moral training, be restored 
to an industrious and virtuous course of employment. 

^' Nearly fifty unfortunate females have been either 
placed in the various asylums in the metropolis, or other- 
wise provided for. £ut while the Committee are thank- 
ful for the good they have, by these means effected, they 
are convinced their objects will be more fully carried out 
by the establishment of an asylum in immediate connexion 
with their Society, exclusively devoted to young females. 

^* When it is known that tlie existing asylums, with two 
exceptions, are not available for the very young, and in 
these two, females of a// ages are admitted, the Committee 
believe that the necessity for such an Institution will be at 
once seen, where the restored children may be instructed 
in useful and religious knowledge, initiated in domestic 
duties, and, at the same time, be instrumental in producing 
funds towards their own maintenance and support. 

** Nor is the class referred to, the only one that might be 
thus benefited. It is a well-known fact that numbers of 
young females who have been committed to prison for 
•ome trifiing offence, at the expiration of the term of their 
imprisonment, are again turned loose upon society, in most 
cases having no parents or friends to whom they can apply. 
To such characters, i/^rw/y desirous of becoming virtuous 
members qf society, the contemplated institution would 




136 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

prove of incalculable service. There are others, agaiix 
who are totaUy n^lected by their parents^ and have n 
certain home ; such are found progressing in varioiB. 
degrees of vice until they suffer the punishment due 
their crimes, and are banished from their native land. T< 
these such an asylum would become a preventive of 
misery, and a medium of present good. 

^' As a considerable ouday will be required in the adoptioi 
of this plan^ the Committee venture to suggest that 
immediate subscription be entered into to raise the 
sary sum for this object, and that such subscriptions 
paid into the Bankers' hands, to the * Asylum Fund/ fron::^^^ 
time to time, until the requisite amount be realized, wh 
it will be at once applied to the purpose proposed. 

" 92, Fenchurch-street, 
August, 1837." 

The following is an extract of the Society's Report iav 
1837 :— 

**^ In consulting the history of the varied benevolent uA- 
philanthropic institutions with which the metropolis of 
the British Empire abounds, the hand of an overruling 
Providence is remarkably apparent Some, which have 
burst forth with the brilliancy of the erratic comet, and 
dazzled the eye of the observer, have been qiddcly 
shrouded in darkness, rendering the surrounding gloom 
more thick and impenetrable; others, however, whose 
origin has been obscure, whose course has been mote 
steady, and whose existence has been preserved and 
nourished by a few devoted friends, have pursued the evea 
'tenour of their way^ unknowing and unknown, until they 
have at length gradually and silently effected the most 
magnificent results. 

*' The Committee believe that their Society will partake 
of the character last describetl, and anticipate the period 
when, by their exertions, combined with those of kindred 



PROJsnruTiov in london. 137 

^stitations^ the giant evil which thej seek to suppress shall 
^ diminished^ and the happiness of the human family 
enhanced. 

" The Committee, in presenting their second report^ in- 
dulge the hope, therefore, that the day of small beginnings 
^^ill not be despised, when it is known that some of the 
l^nost effective^ extensive^ and beneficial institutions have 
^:^mmenced under circumstances equally discouraging and 
Xonfavourable. 

" The Committee will now detail the result of their ope- 
^^nations during the past year, requesting the Subscribers' 
attention to the effect produced^ as compared with the 
^sneans afforded for carrying out theh- designs. 

" The Committee feel a peculiar gratification from the 

^act, that, although at their last annual meeting, they 

appeared before the subscribers under some disadvantage, 

tiiey are now entitled to number among their friends, 

noblemen of distinguished rank and virtue— members of 

parliament — clergymen of the Church of England — the 

High Priest of the Jews, and eminent members of that 

community — ministers of different denominations, and 

many gentlemen of worth and piety. 

^' The Committee also have a pleasure in stating, that 
T. Wontner, Esq., with much liberality, at the commence«- 
ment of the year, kindly tendered his services as Honorary 
Solicitor, which were accepted; and that J, G. Sparke, 
Esq.^ of Finsbury Square, has consented to officiate as 
Honorary Consulting Surgeon. 

" In reference to the first object contemplated by the 
Society, viz.: — to suppress those houses that encourage 
Juvenile Prostitution, the Committee submit the following 
list of parties who have been prosecuted by them. 

^ Leah Davis, an elderly female, the mother of thirteen 
daughters, all, either prostitutes, or brothel-keepers in 
various parts of London, was indicted at Clerkenwell Ses^ 



138 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

sion, and a true bill found against her by the grand jury. She 
absconded^ and a bench warrant was immediately issued &r 
her apprehension^ although she has hitherto evaded its exe- 
cution. The Committee are enabled to state, that her 
establishment in Cannon Place^ Mile End^ has been brdoo 
up ; some of the girls restored to their friends^ or plaoed 
in asylums ; and that she herself has been^ ever sine^ 
wandering about^ without any settled place of resideDoe; 
the warrant being still in force^ deserted by those vAc 
were her former friends, and despised by every indivi- 
dual. As she had kept houses of this description neaily 
her whole life^ many young girls^ it is feared^ had, by ba 
meanS; been ruined. 

'' An indictment was also preferred against John JacobSi 
who^ with his wife, had been the keepers of brothels of tbe 
worst description, in different districts, for twenty-fite 
years. The Committee lament to state that there can b^ 
no doubt, during that period, that a great number o^ 
young girls had been sacrificed by these mercenary partiflk 
At the time of the prosecution, and for a year or two 
previous, there were females in his house, kept by hinif 
from the age of twelve years upwards, as prostitutes, and 
one as young as ten years, who was employed as a watch 
upon the others. A bill was speedily found against hiiD} 
and having left his house in New Norfolk Street, aftor tbe 
lapse of about eight weeks, he was taken into custody, upon 
a bench warrant, the Committee having offered a rewavd 
of 51. for his apprehension. During this period, the abo- 
minable course of life he had been following was given 
up, and one of the females was rescued by the Society« 
It was stated in evidence that this man had had as many 
^8 fourteen young girls in his house at one time. He mi 
brought up for trial at Clerkenwell, when the charges were 
completely and satisfactorily proved against him, and bo 
was sentenced to six months* imprisonment in the Howe 



PBOtTITUTTON IN LONDON. 139 

P Correctkm^ with hard labour, to pay a fine of 201, to the 
^g, and to be kept in prison until the fine be paid. 
" The next prosecution was against David Romayne, 
^ twenty-seven, who had been the keeper of a disor- 
ierly house for seven years. This establishment was of 
the most despicable character. Three girls, of about fifteen 
years of age, were discovered there, living in the most 
abject degradation and misery, upon whom this family had 
been subsisting. The Committee are sure that they will 
be pardoned by the Subscribers for detailing the horrid 
practice adopted by this man. One of the three females, 
on a Sabbath evening, was stationed in the public street, to 
allure into this house the youths of the other sex who pre- 
sented themsdves ; when a sufficient number were col- 
lected together, so as to make their united payments con- 
■derable, they were admitted to the scene of depravity 
which the establishment unfolded, and to which the other 
two females principally contributed. This practice has 
been repeatedly witnessed by the police, who have seen as 
many as twelve boys there congregated in the manner 
described. There is too much reason to fear, that the con- 
eqaences to these youths have been fatally destructive. 
Jpon a true bill being found against him, this man dis- 
haiged the females, and decamped. A warrant was 
omediately procured, but he has hitherto evaded its exe- 
ition. The Committee have offered a reward of &L for 
is apprehension, but without avail. They have, how- 
'er^ the satisfaction to state that they believe the wife is 
dniDg a Uving and supporting her children by needle- 
oik^ and that, having abandoned his former course of 
ie^ he is following his trade as a travelling confectioner in 
me part of the country. 

^Tbe attention of the Committee had been drawn to 
te case of a man named Ormond. of Lancaster Street^ 
nrton Crescent, and an indictment was preferred against 



140 pROOT i TUT i ay nr uovDorr, 

him. The fact appeared to be quite dear that hehadta 
for years^ and was then, living upon the proatitntioD oC 
his own daughters. Although there was no doubt as to 
the main points, the Committee r^ret to say that die 
grand jury threw out the bill, and this man escaped 
punishment This circumstance was the more to be 
r^retted, as Lancaster Street is inhabited by a great 
number of persons who live upon the wages of pros- 
titution, and who, in all probability, if a conviction bad 
been obtained in this case, would have been compelled to 
remove, and perhaps have abandoned that course of life 
altogether. 

" Mary Davis, aged twenty-five, of Dorset Street, Step- 
ney, the Committee deemed a proper object against whom 
a prosecution should issue, and she was accordingly in- 
dicted, but not appearing to the indictment, a warrant uss 
granted for her apprehension. Upon this, she imme- 
diately gave up the house, discharged her three girk, and 
surrendered. She was brought up for trial, and pleaded 
guilty, and was bound over in her own recognizance of 
80/., with two responsible sureties for 40/. each, to appear 
when called up for judgment. It was stated that this had 
been a notorious house for the encouragement of young 
females, and that two, within a few months, from the bad 
treatment of Davis, had actually drowned themselves. 

*' Other parties are marked down for prosecution, but 
the Committee will not prejudge their cases, merely ob- 
serving that they are of the most flagrant character. 

" In consequence of these prosecutions, the effect pro- 
duced in their neighbourhood has been most salutary: 
Some notorious keepers have given up their houses, and 
fled; others have abandoned the pernicious practices of 
which they have been the perpetrators ; while not a few 
are preparing to remove. Indeed, a panic seems to have 
obtained generally among them, and it would be impos- 






PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 141 

iUe to calculate the immense amount of good that may 
e effected by the measures which have been already 
dopted. 

" In this part of their labours the Committee have been 
laterially assisted by a return from an official quarter 
f nearly 1^500 brothels^ in various parts of the metro- 
olis, exclusive of the City^ where also^ it is well known, 
ley greatly abound, with the names of their keepers, &c. 
'hey are indebted to their Honorary Solicitor, T. Wont- 
er, Esq., for the care and attention he has bestowed upon 
lese cases^ as also to those counsel who have so bene- 
ilendy and gratuitously undertaken to plead on their 
ihalf. 

" The Committee will now briefly advert to the second 
SJect they have in view, viz., to punish procurers and 
ocuresses. In this department, no opportunity has 
isen to try the eflect of an indictment. Several cases 
we, however, occurred to prove the fact, that persons are 
iployed to decoy children for the purposes of prostitu- 
n. The Committee will mention one that came under 
sir immediate cognizance: — ^A young girl, aged four- 
Vk, had been decoyed by a woman to a brothel. She 
i not been long in the house, before she became com- 
itely disgusted with that mode of hfe, and endeavoured 
escape. Some disturbance arose in consequence of this 
i>rt, and the police interfered, when the girl and the 
man were brought before a magistrate. The facts 
re clearly proved against the woman; but she was dis- 
urged, with a reprimand, in consequence of the magis- 
.te not having power to punish, it appearing that the 
tie girl was persuaded to accompany the woman of 
K own accord, and without force being employed. A 
w days after this circumstance, she again applied to this 
dety, and was placed in Bartholomew's Hospital : she 



142 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

has since recovered^ and is now recondled with her 
friends. 

" Several other cases of a like character have occiuTQi 
during the past year. 

'' The Committee^ on this part of their Report^ at 
happily enahled to state that measures have heen taken, 
hy which it is anticipated an important alteration will be 
made in the law^ and they trust that in their next R^ort 
they shall have the high gratification of submitting the 
details to their friends and subscribers. 

" The third object of the Society has engaged the espe- 
cial attention of the Committee. To protect the unhappj 
sufferers has been an unceasing anxiety to them^ and daej 
believe they have been instrumental to this end. It would 
extend their Report to too great a length to detail every 
case; they will merely mention them in the aggregate. 
Assistance had been afforded to twenty females between 
the ages of eleven and nineteen years ; there are now 
eight in the various asylums, three at service, seven recon- 
ciled to their friends, one married, and four placed in ^ 
hospitals ; making a total of forty-three. 

" In several instances, the Committee have also been 
enabled to give advice to parents and friends, who have 
applied to them, and whose daughters, by this means, have 
been prevented from entering on a life of prostitution. 

" The Committee cannot avoid referring to the gratifying 
fact, that those females who have been placed at service 
have hitherto conducted themselves respectfully, and aie 
now giving satisfaction to their employers by their prudent 
and consistent behaviour. In extreme cases, some above 
the age of twenty have been protected. 

'^ During the year, the Committee issued a fn^dljr 
invitation to the unfortunate objects of their solicitndei 
which invitation was extensively curculated^ and a Com- 



FROflTITUTION IN LONDON. 143 

ittee was appointed to dt every Wednesday, from two to 
ve o'clock, for the purpose of receiving applications, and 
very facility was afforded to those who might need the 
irotection or assistance of the Society. In order that the 
le&gn might he carried fully out, the Committee engaged 
& Probationary Asylum, in which the reformation of the 
applicants might he tested, and where they remained under 
proper discipHne, until it was thouglit advisable to transfer 
them to odier existing asylums. By the adoption of this 
plan, the funds of the Society have been materially pre- 
served: unworthy objects have been quickly detected, 
ind the really deiterving have been sheltered, and restored 
virtuous society. 

''At the last Annual Meeting, it was recommended that 
^ two Houses of Parliament should be petitioned by the 
^lious parishes for an alteration in the laws on the subject, 
ircumstances have, however, arisen which render that 
jep, at present unnecessary ; and the Committee hope^ 
p(m the renewal of the MetropoUtan Police Bill, to be 
:iabled to induce his Majesty's Ministers to append some 
.auses to this Act which shall render the operations of the 
ociety less difficult and expensive. If this should not be 
le case, they think such an expression of pubUc sentiment 
all be highly imperative and necessary. 

^' In conclusion, the Committee need not recur to any 
rgument to prove the absolute necessity for a society like 
lie present. Such, they believe, must be the universal 
npression, and they leave their cause in the hands of a 
isceming public. To a certain extent, they have been 
apported in theii endeavours, and, as far as that support 
las been granted, they have used it for the general good, 
:eeping invariably in view the impolicy of involving the 
kxaety in difficulty or debt, and rather choosing, although 
Tith leluctance, in numerous cases which they were conse- 



144 PROfiTITUTION IN LONDON. 

quently compelled to reject, to limit their efibrts to the 
amount of their income. 

'* The best acknowledgments of the Committee are doe 
to the Rev. R. Saunders^ for the first sermon preached o& 
behalf of the Society ; and to Captain PiUdngton, fbr 
several admirable lectures delivered by him ; as wdl u 
to those kind friends vrho have granted the use of their 
chapels and school-room on those occasions. 

" The thanks of the Committee are also due to the 
Directors of the Bible Society for a grant of twenty-four 
Testaments^ and to the Committee of the Religious Tract 
Society for a donation of Tracts^ both for gratuitous distri- 
bution amongst those unfortunate objects who might apply 
to the Society for protection. 

" The Committee confidently anticipate, that in propo^ 
don as their objects become known, they shall receive ^ 
sanction and support of the humane and patriotic. They 
earnestly appeal to the sympathies of a benevolent public in 
furtherance of their design ; and in order that they may 
be enabled to counteract, in some measure, the dreadftd 
effects of the evil, now so alarmingly prevalent throughoat 
the metropolis, they solicit the aid of all who feel an m- 
terest in the welfare of society, the quietude of domestic 
life, and the interests of religion. Their resources are 
extremely limited, and they hope this appeal will not be 
made in vain." 

The Report for May, 1838, also contains much valuable 
information, and detail of a prosecution which will be read 
with pleasure by every virtuous individual. 

" After the lapse of another year, the Committee of the 
London Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitu- 
tion, are required to render to the subscribers an account 
of their Stewardship, While carrying forward the opera- 
tions of the Society, they have had to encounter obstacles 



PROSTITUTION IX LONDON. 146 

of no ordinary character^ arising from the almost universal 
apathy and indifference prevailing upon the suhject, and^ 
consequently^ from the want of adequate funds, fully to 
adiieve the contemplated ohjects. They have heen met 
in their course hy the sneers and contempt of the profane 
and immoral — ^the censures and condemnation of those 
who believe that licentiousness is necessary to the well- 
bdng of society— the supineness and negligence of the 
religious ; hut, amidst the buffetings of all^ they have been 
enabled to persevere, supported by a consciousness of the 
importance of the objects they have in view, and by the 
sympathies and kindness of their subscribers. 

^' Upon looking back to the operations of the Society, 
during the short period of its existence, the Committee 
have ample reason to take courage and press forvirard. If 
they turn to the actual state and condition of the Metro- 
polis in reference to the vice of Prostitution, they are com- 
piled to acknowledge that great and mighty efforts are 
seeded to check its progress ; that the union of the moral 
and patriotic, the virtuous and humane, the religious and 
the good, must be full and complete, before an effectual 
barrier can be erected to stem the torrent of iniquity, to 
rescue the victims of unmanly stratagem, to throw a shield 
around the virtuous, and to protect the growing youth of 
the country from the contamination of evil example, and 
the influence of undisguised vice. 

'* Your Committee will not attempt to depict the cha- 
racter and extent of the evil they seek to suppress, but 
Ihey may be allowed to say, that there never was, in the 
domestic history of London, a period when the utmost 
exertions of the moral and religious part of the community 
were more imperiously demanded than the present. They 
win not aUude to the positive scenes of profligacy conti- 
nually enacting within observation ; but, for a moment, 
they are desirous of drawing attention to the shameless 

L 



146 PROSTITUTION IN liONDON. 

efforts which are making to recruit actors for the drama. 
Scarcely a street can be passed through^ without meeting 
some storehouse of obscenity. Agents are employed for 
the purpose of entrapping the unwary and innocent. The 
suburban villages, the bazaars, the parks, the theatres, 
furnish victims to this sin, and its consequent wickednesSi 
Your Committee have authority for stating, that the 
keepers of brothels, and procurers, are frequently in the 
habit of obtaining females from the Workhouses and Peni- 
tentiaries ; — ^indeed, the whole system upon which this vice 
is based, is one of deception, desertion, ruin, and death, 
unless the kind and benevolent aid of those who are in- 
terested in snatching the unfortunate from destruction 
interpose and save. 

" Passing by other observations which might be ad- 
duced, your Committee will at once proceed to detail the 
operations of their Society during the year which has jost 
closed; and in the first place they would remark, that 
although their income is at present extremely limited, yet 
in comparison with the financial accounts of the previous 
year, there is an augmentation upon the whole amount of 
about 220/. — ^many annual subscribers have been added to 
the original list, donors have been increased, and the pro- 
spects of the Society, upon the whole, are satisfactory and 
encouraging. 

^' From the commencement of the Society, the present 
defective state of the law, in reference to the keepers of 
infamous houses, has been an object of the greatest anxiety 
to the Committee, and at their last Annual Meeting, an 
application to Parliament was recommended. This appli- 
cation during the past year has been made, and a petition 
from your Committee, praying for an alteration in the 
existing statutes, has been presented to the House of 
Commons by Lord Ashley. Your Committee have also 
originated a petition to the same effect, and which was 



'prostitution in LONDON. 147 

presented by the same noble Lord, from four other So- 
cieties, whose objects are of a similar character to those of 
the London Society. Since the presentation of these peti- 
tions, your Committee, through their Solicitor and Secre- 
tary, have had an interview with the Chairman of the 
Police Committee, which was then sitting. Your Com- 
mittee have also, through their officers, been examined 
before that body ; and, from the evidence furnished, it is 
confidently anticipated, that in the forthcoming Report of 
the Police Committee, an effectual alteration in reference 
to the laws upon the subject will be recommended. Should 
such alteration be adopted in the Police Bill intended to 
be introduced into the House, either this or the next Ses- 
sion, the future operations of the Society will be greatly 
fiidlitated, and the evil consequently abated. Should such, 
however, not be the case, then your Committee will be 
again compelled to appear before the House, and tem- 
perately, but firmly, petition that the whole subject may 
be brought under its immediate and deliberate considera- 
tion. Your Committee have also united with other So- 
cieties in an Address to the Queen, upon the publication of 
her Majesty's Proclamation against Vice and Profaneness. 

*' Great difficulty having arisen to the Secretary and 
Cdlector in the exercise of their duties, from the circum- 
stance of their not being enabled to gain admittance into 
tiie various families upon whom they have waited, the 
Committee, a few months since, resolved upon appointing 
two ladies as collectors: — Mrs. Brown and Mrs. Reed, 
were therefore selected for this purpose. They have com- 
moiced their labours, and it is hoped there will now be 
no impediment, in this respect, to the future progress of 
the Society. 

*' At the last Annual Meeting the Committee detailed 
the result of five Prosecutions, undertaken by the Society. 

l2 



148 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

^* They have now to report, that from May, 1837, to 
May, 1838, the following houses have been suppressed:— 
Two in New Road, Wliitechapel. — Three in Wentworth 
Street, Spitalfields. — ^Three in Faloonburgh Court, St 
Giles's. — Three in Oxford Buildings, Oxford Streets- 
One in Fenton Street, Commercial Road. — One in Sey- 
mour Place, Bryanstone Square. — Five in Cannon YUxe, 
Mile End. — Making a total of eighteen houses supprened 
during the year. 

'* One of the parties, named Jacobs, who was indicted by 
the Society in 1837, and sentenced to an imprisonment of 
six months, with a fine of 20/., has been disdiarged duiing 
the past year, and the Committee have reason to belieTe 
he is now following an honest course of life. David Bo* 
maine, who was also indicted at the same time with JacobBy 
and who had evaded the vigilance of the Society for neaily 
a year and a half, was taken into custody a few weeks sinoe. 
Not being able to procure bail, he remained in prison until 
his trial, a period of five weeks. Upon his being brought 
up he pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to a further im- 
prisonment of one month. The case of this man was of 
the most horrid and disgusting description. The Com- 
mittee will be excused for briefly alluding to the house 
occupied by Romaine. It was in the parish of Mile-End, 
and was appropriated to children of all ages. Every facility 
was afforded in the establishment for the ruin of youth of 
both sexes. As many as twelve or fourteen boys, from 
ten to fifteen years of age, have been congr^ated there on 
the Sabbath, and the most dreadful scenes of depravity- 
scenes at which human nature shudders— were constantly 
enacted within its walls. Your Committee might ask 
idiether it is a wonder, if such houses are tolerated, that 
they should meet with so many instances of juvenile female 
ruin^r that they should have to report cases of diildieD, 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 149 

from nine to twelve years of age^ who have been decoyed 
into such receptacles^ and made the victims of brutal vio- 
lence or unbridled passion ? So numerous are houses of 
this description throughout the metropolis, that, if there 
were no other reason, this fact alone would be sufficient to 
induce your Committee, with an untiring deteimination, 
to pursue the course laid down by the constitution of their 
Society^ and afford one of the most powerful appeals to the 
friends of civil order, domestic peace, national prosperity, 
and religious safety, to assist in wiping out so foul a blot 
from the history of Britain. Of the eighteen houses sup- 
pressed during the past year by the Society, the Committee 
will only refer to two cases, viz. — those of William Sheen 
and Marie Aubrey ; one at the east, the other at the west 
end of the metropolis. These two cases will at once de- 
▼elope the extremes of vice and iniquity, and exhibit the 
practices of those houses of the highest as well as those of 
the lowest class. 

^' William Sheen, a man of the most abandoned character, 
had, from the period of his being charged with murdering 
his own child^ to the time of his falling under the potice 
of the Society, been the occupier of houses of the most 
infamous kind. These houses were used as lodging-houses 
few thieves, vagabonds, mendicants, and others of the lowest 
grade; and although they were described as lodging-houses, 
yet it was well known that the most diabolical practices 
were constantly perpetrated within them. The last houses 
in his possession were situated in Algar Place, Wentworth 
Street, Spitalfields, in the midst of a dense and ignorant 
population. The scenes of vice exhibited in these houses 
beggar all description, and the facts which have been de- 
veloped are of so awful a nature as to preclude the possi- 
bility of detaiL Men, women, and children, of all ages, 
were there associated for the vilest and basest purposes. 



150 PBOCTITTTIOX IN LONDON. 

After penmbiilating all puts of Ixmdon during the day, 
begging, thievingy and committing every description of 
crime, they congrq;ated at night in these houses, reveUing 
in debauchery and licentiousness, bidding defiance to all 
laws, and spreading a moral miasma around. It was 
proved upon the trial, which took place at Clerkenwdl 
Sessions, on Tuesday, 27th June, 1837, that Sheen hid 
occupied these houses about three years, and that it ws 
his constant practice to harbour there sometimes as many 
as thirty or forty boys and girls, between the ages of nine 
and eighteoi years. Parents who had lost their children, 
were constantly applying to the Police to seardi these dens 
of infamy, and in some instances the lost diildren were 
there discovered, associated with male and female thieves. 
The facts were clearly proved against him, and the jury 
found him guilty. The Chairman, Mr. Sergeant Adams, 
in passing sentence, animadverted, in very severe terms, 
upon the abominable diaracter of this man, and r^^tted 
that he could not add solitary confinemeot to his punish- 
ment. The sentence was, that he be iminrisoned for 
eighteen months with hard labour, and^ at the end of that 
time, to enter into his own recognisances in the sum of 50/. 
for his good behaviour for twelve months. 

^ The other case, that of Marie Aubvey, a Frenchwoman, 
is of a different description- The Committee had long 
determined to suppress the house kept by this woman, bat 
considerable time dapsed before they were in possession of 
the necessary evidence. By indefatigable exertions they 
at last succeeded, and a true Bill was found by the Grand 
Jury against her, and also against John Williams, her 
paramour. Warrants were immediately granted for dieir 
apprehension, but between the time of finding the bills and 
the granting the warrants, although two or three hours 
only elapsed, they contrived to escape. Every method 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 151 

adopted to capture them. Application was made to the 
French Ambassador^ and to the Secretary of State^ to pre- 
vent thdr receiving a passport to leave the country; hand- 
billsj offering a reward of 10/. for their apprehension, were 
extensively circulated throughout the metropolis ; informa- 
tion was communicated to all the Police stations; and 
every possible lawful means were resorted to to secure 
their being brought to trial ; — they have, however, for the 
present, avoided all the efforts that have been made, and 
have fled to France. So extensively has this case been 
published, that, should they attempt to return, they will be 
known in whatever part of London they may locate, and 
the warrants will be immediately executed. The house in 
question was situate in Seymour Place, Bryaustone Square. 
It was an establishment of great notoriety, visited by some 
of the most distinguished foreigners and others, and carried 
on in a style little short of that observed in the richest and 
noblest families. The house consisted of twelve or fourteen 
rooms, besides those appropriated to domestic uses, each of 
which was genteelly and fashionably furnished. The saloon, 
a very large room, was elegantly fitted up ; — a profusion of 
valuable and splendid paintings decorated its walls, and its 
furniture was of a costly description. As a necessary ap- 
pendage, there was a small room on the ground floor 
^ipropriated as a counting house ; a service of solid silver 
plate was ordinarily in use when the visitors required it, 
which was the property of Marie Aubrey. At the time 
the prosecution was instituted there were about twelve or 
fourteen young females in the house, mostly from France 
and Italy. Besides Williams, who lived on the premises, 
and who pretended to carry on business as a coal merchant, 
there was a medical practitioner in the neighbourhood who 
was employed as agent. It was his duty to attend the 
establishment. He was frequently sent either to France, 
Italy, or the villages near London, to procure females ; and 



152 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

not unirequently has he visited the Bazaars in and neir 
Oxford Street^ and engaged servants^ who^ shortly after 
heing introduced to the house^ were ruined. Aubrey had 
lived in the house a number of years^ and had amassed t 
fortune. Shortly after she left, the inmates were sent 
away^ and the house is now shut up and the furniture dis- 
posed of. Upon receiving a fresh importation of femalo^ 
it was the practice of this woman to send a circular^ status 
the circumstance, to the parties who were in the habit of 
visiting the establishment. At the present time there are 
in the metropolis a great number of young females from 
France and Italy^ and other parts of the Continent, a lai^^ 
proportion of whom have been decoyed from their hornet 
and introduced into the paths of iniquity by Marie Aubrey 
or her infamous agents. There are a number of houses 
of this description at the west-^nd now under the cogni- 
zance of the Society, and whose circulars are in its pos- 
session, who adopt this plan, and, by means of the Court 
Guide and twopenny post, are forwarding notices of their 
establishments indiscriminately to all. The Committee 
hope to be enabled to suppress some of these execrable 
places in a short time. 

^' The Committee desire to lay before this meeting the 
means adopted by the agents of such abominable charac- 
ters as Marie Aubrey. As soon as they arrive on the con- 
tinent they obtain information respecting those families 
who have daughters, and who are desirous of placing 
them in respectable situations ; they then introduce them- 
selves, and by fair promises induce the parents to allow their 
children to accompany the stranger to London, with the 
understanding that they are to be engaged as tambour 
workers, or in some other genteel occupation. A sum of 
money is left with the parents, as a guarantee for the due 
performance of the contract, with an agreement that a cer- 
tain amount shall be forwarded quarterly. As soon as % 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 153 

sufficient namber of young females are obtained in this 
way, they are brought to England^ and soon ruined. 
While they remain m the house they are first taken to, 
the money is duly forwarded, and their parents are thus 
unoonsdously receiving the means of support from the 
praititotion of their own children ; if they remove, letters 
are sent to their friends to apprize them that their daugh- 
ters have left the employ of their former mistress, and the 
money is accordingly stopped ; — they fail not to inform 
the parents that they have obtained other respectable 
situations, and are doing well. The difficulties attending 
the case of Aubrey have been extreme ; and although the 
Committee have not the satisfaction of reporting the cap- 
ture of the parties, still they feel that their eWorts have 
been productive of essential service ; Williams and Aubrey 
are both out of tlie country — ^their establishment broken 
up — a beneficial effect produced in the neighbourhood — 
and a salutary check exercised upon those who are follow- 
ing the same nefarious calling. They regret^ exceedingly, 
that they were unable to include the agent in the prosecu- 
tion ; but they trust the publicity given to the case will 
operate as a warning to him in future. The Committee, 
from experience, believe, that the only effectual method of 
sappressing such houses as these is by the power of the 
law ; however anxious they may be to employ other means 
in reference to the keepers of brothels, yet they are con- 
strained to say that they fall very short of the desired end ; 
and until they have been brought under coercive measures, 
it is ahnost useless to endeavour to instil into their minds 
moral and virtuous principles, so powerful is the tempta- 
tion to carry on this abominable traffic, so easy are the 
means by which money may be amassed, and so remote 
are the chances of their being brought to a condign and 
merited punishment. 
*' One or two cases have been brought under the notice of 



154 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

the Committee^ in which the parties have been guilty of tre- 
panning females for the purposes of prostitution. The Com- 
mittee had not the slightest doubt of the moral culpability 
of these persons^ as in the case of the agent employed hf 
Marie Aubrey ; yet^ in order to prove them l^ally gaiUy 
in order to fix the crime so clearly upon them as to ensoie 
conviction — they must have had recourse to measures 
which/as virtuous men^ they repudiated, and which^ thoe- 
fore, they could not consent to adopt. The Committee 
anticipate that^ in the contemplated alteration of the law, 
the crime of trepanning females for this purpose may be 
made felony, and punished accordingly. 

'' The committee regret that^ in the case of Marie Au- 
brey^ they were not enabled to rescue any of the females 
belonging to the establishment^ many of whom were very 
young ; they have reason to believe however^ that most of 
them have returned to the continent — they hope to tbdr 
friends. The only one left in this country^ they are ap- 
prized, is the daughter of an hotel-keeper at Boulc^ne; 
the Committee would have had great pleasure in saving 
her, if they could have induced her to leave her abandoned 
course of life ; she has been received by another French 
woman, the keeper of a house of the same character as 
that of Marie Aubrey, in Bury-street, St. James's, in re* 
ference to which the Committee are instituting an investi- 
gation. From Sheen's house two or three females of about 
the age of fourteen, have been rescued, and are now 
under the care of the Society. 

^^ The Committee, deeply sensible of the importance of 
endeavouring to rescue from destruction the^ unfortunate 
females who have been made the victims of licentiousneaS) 
have been unceasing in their exertions to promote this end. 
While those under the age of fifteen have engaged their 
first attention, no deserving object has been refused assist- 
ance ; and where they have not been able to place them 



PB06TITUTI0N IN LONDON. 155 

own carCj they have procured admission for 
into other asylums. Thus^ as far as their funds 
aiabled them, the Committee have heen the instru* 

of saving many from perishing^ snatching others 
the misery to which they were hastening, and doing 
o all who applied to them for protection. 
our Committee reported at the last annual meeting, 
ihey had protected and assisted forty-three, since 

time they have procured admission into the various 
Q8 for twenty-three destitute and friendless young 

^ve have heen placed out at service— one has re- 
. a reward of 1/. for her good behaviour for twelve 
18 in service ; six have been sent to their parishes ; 
doonciled to their friends; ten have been sent to 
.8 hospitals ; and thirteen are now under the care of 
odety^ making an aggregate of sixty-seven^ who^ 
^ the year, have received the benefits arising from 
arts of your Committee. For the two years ending 
1838^ showing a total of one hundred and ten un- 
ate females who have been assisted by the Society— 

of whom are now enjoying the smiles of their 
B, or otherwise provided for. From this number the 
littee have the gratification of stating that, compa- 
y speakings few have abused the advantages within 
each, and returned to their sinful course of life, 
tmr Committee need not revert to the immense 
sr of lewd women who throng the streets of the 
x>lis, and who are suffering the deepest degradation 
daery. It may suffice to state the fact, that there 
ousandd between the ages of eleven and fourteen, 
light, if increased means were afforded, be saved 
he impending ruin into which they have thus early 
atioduced. 

our Committee regret that they are compelled to 
lie fact, that most of the cases which have applied 



156 PROfiTITl'TION IN LONDON. 

to them for assistance, have heen educated in Sabbath 
Schools, and that two-thirds have traced their min to die 
system of decoying — ^practised hy abandoned females and 
the keepers of brothels. The Committee might oocopy 
the attention of this meeting for a lengthened period, by 
detailing some of the cases which have been brought under 
their notice, but they do not deem it necessary. Thef 
may, however, be aUowed to refer to two or three. 

" Two children, oneT)etween eleven and twelve, the oflier 
between nine and ten years of age, came under the chBO- 
vation of the Society. They were discovered in one of the 
metropolitan hospitals in a dreadful state of sufiSaing. 
The elder of the two was destitute and friendless, and verj 
little of her past history could be elicited. She, however, 
had been ruined at a house in the neighbourhood of West- 
minster, and turned into the streets. She is now under a 
course of moral training, with every probability of be- 
coming, in future life, a useful member of society. The 
younger, it appears, some years since left England with her 
parents and went to the £ast Indies; with them she re- 
sided at Calcutta a considerable time. Her mother died 
there ; the father then went up the country, and left bi> 
child in the care of a female at Calcutta. Some time after 
he returned to England, but becoming embarrassed, he 
entered the service of the Queen of Spain, whither he went, 
accompanied by his daughter. She there fell a sacrifioe. 
It is not known how long she continued in Spain. Aboot 
six months since she returned to England, and was thea 
placed in Guy's Hospital, where she remained about lix 
or seven weeks, when she was taken under the oare of die 
London Society. Within the las^ mouth a kind and bene- 
volent lady has received her into her house, intending to 
educate and provide for her. The Committee would be 
happy, if authorized, to mention the name of this lady to 
whom their sincere acknowledgments are so eminendy doe. 



FROSTITtTTION IN LONDON. 157 

^ The ca«e of a young female, who was induced by per- 
uaaion to come to I^ondon for the purpose of seeking a 
dtnation^ is of an interesting character. It appeared that 
ler friends^ who are extremely poor, resided about sixty 
niles from London. Her mother died ten years since. 
Jpon her father's second marriage, the step-mother used 
ler illy and she was placed in the workhouse. She left that 
>lace for a situation, which she filled about four months, 
irhen she was seized with typhus fever, and was confined 
ome months, during which time she pledged all her 
Jothes, and upon her recovery, was completely destitute. 
Hbe came to London without money or friends, or know- 
Dg any one there, for the purpose of obtaining employ- 
nent. She walked through the metropolis and found her- 
df disappointed, and must have fallen a victim had not 
he London Society interfered, by whom she was taken 
iare of, and ultimately provided with a situation, in which 
iie remained a few days, but being suddenly taken ill, 
ras sent home to her friends in the country, who had 
xmsented to receive her. 

^ Another case is that of a young woman who had lived 
in abandoned course for two years. She had become 
IreadfaUy intoxicated on one occasion, and was discovered 
randering about on the Sabbath morning. From a motive 
f curiosity she entered one of the city churches. The 
algect of the sermon was, '^ The Return of the Prodigal," 
nd so powerful was the impression made on her mind by 
rhat she heard, that she resolved to discontinue the life 
fae was following. She knew not where to go, or what to 
lo; — she however kept her resolution for a fortnight. 
Lying upon the precarious bounty of strangers, and 
leeping under any shelter that presented itself, when she 
pplied to your Committee, by whom she was introduced 
Dto one of the asylums. 

*' Your Committee have also, in some cases which were 



158 PROSTITUTION IN LONI>ON. 

not eligible, either for their own or kindred institations, 
extended relief, by which they have been enabled to enter 
into some honourable occupation^ and have thus bees 
saved from destruction. 

*' The statements which your Committee have thus 
presented to this Meeting, are evidence that consideraUe 
good has been effected with limited means ; and an earnest, 
with increased support^ that the objects of the Society wifl 
be productive of more extended^ lasting^ and beneficud 
results. 

*' Your Committee, desirous of furnishing every infor- 
mation in their power relative to the operations of ibe 
Society, invite the subscribers, and those who fed an 
interest in its welfare, to an inspection of its accounts, 
proceedings, &c. The books will be therefore available at 
all times, and the Secretary is instructed to render every 
assistance to those friends who may visit the Office for tbe 
purpose of inspecting them. 

" During the year your Committee have devoted consi- 
derable time in communicating information and advice to 
parents, whose children had been enticed from their homes; 
— to those persons who applied in reference to houses of 
ill-fame ; — and to unfortunate females who were anxioos 
to abandon their dissolute and depraved habits. The 
Committee believe that the adoption of this plan has had 
a most salutary effect — children have been restored to 
parents, and many females reconciled to friends. 

** Your Committee, aware of the inconvenience arising 
from the situation of the Office they now occupy, contem- 
plate a removal to a more central position, thus afiordmg 
every fadlily to their friends and subscribers to become 
informed of the operations of the Society. 

** Your Committee have thus detailed to the subscriben 
their proceedings for the past year, and in looking for- 
ward to the prospects of that just commenced, they would 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 159 

refer to the good that has been effected^ and urge upon 
their friends, and the friends of humanity, to press onward 
in their benevolent course. While thousands are standing 
with outstretched arras^ and crying for help^ while hun- 
dreds are endeavouring to ensnare and ruin the females of 
our land — ^while vice and wickedness^ and misery and death 
une making such rapid advances through the metropolis^ 
ihall the objects of the London Society remain a dead letter^ 
ind the Committee be retarded and discouraged, because 
the patriotic — the humane — ^the religious — ^will not assist 
them by their sympathy — their advocacy — their prayers 
-Hmd their money ? 

** The Committee, in conclusion, would desire to im- 
press upon a benevolent and moral public, the absolute 
necessity of increased individual exertions towards the 
inest of the gigantic evil which they seek to suppress. It 
imist be remembered, that it is, in fact, their own interest 
ihey are advancing, for the interest of every individual 
nember is deeply involved in the morals of the community 
vy which he is surrounded; — if the general frame of 
iociety is tainted — if public exhibitions of profligacy are 
xnnitted — if the ear of age is to be shocked by licentious- 
leM, and the eye of infancy to be familiarized to spectacles 
if obBcenity, it will be in vain to expect that the conta- 
nination will not spread, and violate the seclusion of 
onooence and virtue. The Committee call upon a humane 
md patriotic people to come forward and assist in this great 
vork while it is not yet too late — they invite them to 
tUnd between the ' dead and the living,' and ' to stay the 

As the following lamentable Report has been largely 
srcttlated by the Society this year, and is so highly con- 
huive on the preceding statements, I deem it well worthy 
)i insertion ; — 



160 FROeriTUTION IN LOITDON. 

** Middlesex Adjourned Sessions, July 13^ 1838^ Mr. 
8ergeant Adams^ Chairman. 

" Mary Stewart was indicted^ charged with keeiMiig a 
common hrothd in the parish of St. Marylehone^ on and 
between the 1st of July^ 1 837^ and the 22d of May, in the 
present year. 

" Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Ballantine appeared for the pro- 
secution^ and Mr. C. Phillips and Mr. Clarkson for the 
defendant. 

'^ The defendant (who appeared in Court gaudily attired, 
and conducted herself with much efirontery) pleaded 
" guilty." 

Mr. Phillips then said, that in considering the ext^t of 
punishment the Court would ac^udge the defendant to 
undergo, he trusted that the circumstance would be taken 
into consideration of her being afflicted with a disease which 
in all probability would ere long lead to a fatal result: at 
all events, the malady was one of the most painful to 
which the human frame was subjected ; he alluded to a 
cancer, under which the defendant was unfortunatdy 
labouring. 

^^ Mr. Bodkin said, that the prosecution was at the 
instance of the Society for the prevention of Javenile 
Prostitution, whose object of course was, to put a stop to 
the abominable and horrid system which had been adopted 
by such persons as the defendant. 

^' The Chairman here observed, thatif all the particulan 
which were set out in the affidavit before him were tme^ 
the defendant might think herself extremely fortunate that 
she had not been executed as a felon. If^ as be had said, Ae 
statement of facts was correct, then it was a case in whidi 
the severest vengeance of the law was loudly demandei 
The object here was not so much to put down the houses as 
it was to bring the offending party to well-merited punish- 
ment. 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 161 

^ Afr, Phillips hoped the Court would allow the defend- 
ant to put in an answer to the statement set out in the 
affidavit. She did not deny her guilty hut she did deny 
tfiat the aggravated pircumstances referred to, were founded 
in truth. 

** Mr. Bodkin said, that the person who made the affi- 
davit was present^ and could he examined. 

" The Chairman — And would of course he subjected to 
a cross-examination, by which means the truth would 
come out. 

After a somewhat prolonged desultory conversation on 
the pointy it was at length considered by the Court, that the 
best course to be pursued woidd be to call the girl herself. 

'^ Martha Bull, examined by the Chairman, then said : 
—I was sixteen years of age last January. I first saw the 
defendant in August, at which period I was living at home 
with my mother. I first saw the defendant at her house, 
in Charlotte Street. I went there in consequence of a 
yoong girl telling me that I should get some work to do, 
and that she herself was in the habit of doing a great deal 
of work for Mrs. Stewart. I went there in the morning, 
about eleven o'clock, but she not being at home, I did not 
aee her. On my calling again on the third day, I had an 
interview with her. She asked how old I was, and I told 
her sixteen. She then asked me « « « 

I answered that my mother would not allow me to do so. 
In the course of about a week, Maria Davis, a woman 
in the employ of Mrs. Stewart, came for me, and I 
went back with her to Mr. Stewart's. When we got to the 
boose the defendant inquired how my health was^ and then 
asked me to go down stairs, which I did. This was about 
five o'clock in the afternoon. She next proceeded to take 
off my clothes, and to put on me much finer and better 
dresses. I did not ask her why she dressed me up in such 
smart clothes ; but I had heard her say, that she was going 

M 



162 PROSTITUTION Cf hOVDON, 

to the theatre^ and I supposed I was to go with her. Oa 
going home after the first interview^ I did not mentkp 
what had passed to my mother, or to any one eke. After 
I was dressed, Mrs. Stewart said^ that the gentleman she 
wanted me to see was at the theatre, and that I must wait 
until he came home. I was then shewn into the drawing- 
room ; hut I did not go very willingly. I remained in 
that room, for perhaps^ more than an hour and a half. I 
coidd not go away, because I had all Mrs. Stewart's clothes 
on. I sat there that time by myself. The shutters woe 
closed, and the candles were a-light Before she went 
away, Mrs. Stewart gave me a book of an infamous descrip- 
tion, * ♦ * * to read. I 
cannot say or not, whether I was locked in the room. When 
the gentleman returned from the theatre, he entered the 
room, and asked me if I understood what the book meant, 
and I said I did not. Mrs. Stewart then came up with 
some wine, and we all sat down. * ♦ * 
The gentleman then told her to leave the room, which 
request having been complied with, * * I 
threatened if he persisted in that conduct to call Mrs. 
Stewart, but he said he would ring the bell for her, when 
he knew she would not say anything. He did so, and die 
came up, when she told me not to be frightened, and 
directly gave me some wine to drink. I said I did not 
* * * ♦ I said, I would tell my 
mother as soon as I got home of the manner in whidi 1 
had been treated. Upon this, he inquired who and what 
my mother was, and where she lived. Mrs. Stewart, how- 
ever, had previously ordered me not to tell him, and 1 did 
not. He * * I made a noise, and a 
party who were in the adjoining room made complaint of 
it. Mrs. Stewart thereupon came and knocked at the door> 
and said I must not hollo so, for if I did, the persona in 
the next room would hear me. * ♦ ♦ 



PROSTITXJTION IN LONDON. 163 

[ holloed continually while this was going on^ and Mrs. 
Stewart (who held me) as frequently desired that I would 
lot do so. * * I went down stairs, hut 

bf rs. Stewart remained for a short time with the gentleman. 
Fhen I got down, supper was offered to me hut I coidd 
[Ot €at any. * • * i could not 

lelp myself^ and was compelled thus to submit. The next 
Qoming be went away^ having previously given me 20l,, 
11 of which Mrs. Stewart took from me^ saying she would 
<ay me some clothes. This promise she performed, by 
ffociiring for me a new frock, some cotton stockings and 
everal other trifling things. As I was going up stairs 
lefore the gentleman came, Mrs. Stewart told me I must 
;et 20/. from him, because 1**1 did 
ot get away from the house for a week, during which 
eriod I saw a great many gentlemen^ * * 

kyme of them gave me 10/., some 8/., and in one instance 
i. ; the whole of which money Mrs. Stewart used to haye ; 
he told me, that I must always say * '^ by 

rhich means I should get more money. At the end of 
he week, I went home to tell my sister, who is nineteen 
ears old, and in a situation, about the matter, and what 
ocmey I had had given me. Once when I was going into 
he country, Mrs. Stewart gave me 5/., and once when my 
cother was in trouble, she let me have a sovereign. After 
had been home, 1 went to Arlington-street to work, and 
na in the habit of going to Mrs. Stewart's to see gentle- 
aen, but I never went to live there again. There were 
itfaer young girls in the house ; before I first went to this 
louae^ I used to go out cleaning. I have now, for some 
ime, been under the protection of the Society. Mrs. Stew- 
xt^B house was very handsomely furnished, and she kept 
faree servants. 

. "The Chairman and the other magistrates then retired 
b9 consider what sentence ought, under all the circum- 

m2 



164 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

stances of the case^ to be passed on the defendant On 
their return, the Chairman, addressing her, said — ' It had 
never been his duty, since he had had the honour of occu- 
pying that chair, to pass upon any individual, a sentence 
under circumstances so painfully distressing, as those with 
which the case of the defendant was attended. In the 
first instance, the offence with which she was directlj 
charged, was not the main feature of her crime ; that was of 
a singularly aggravated and abhorrent nature. She was, 
however, represented by a medical certificate to be visited 
by a disease which was one of the most painful character, 
and one which, sooner or later, would terminate fataDy. 
It was peculiarly distressing to discover that a woman who 
was afflicted with such a dreadful disease, and> although in 
all probability even on a rapid road to her end, should be 
engaged in bringing to utter ruin here and hereafter, fe- 
males of a tender age. The doubt — if doubt there could 
be — ^which had arisen in the breasts of the Court, arose 
with respect to what could be done with her, in consequence 
of the disease, under which it was said, she was labouring. 
If it should turn out to be, as had been stated, that the 
disease was upon her, the fact would become known to the 
surgeon of the prison, and then there was a power else- 
where to soften dovm or alter that part of the sentoice 
which it might, in her situation, be improper to carry into 
effect ; but, sitting there, as the Court did, in the perform- 
ance of its duty, to pass judgment in a case where the best 
interests of society had been threatened — where every prin- 
ciple of morality and of virtue had been violated, it was 
necessary for the public good, that it should take care and 
not permit itself to be influenced by any other feeling, than 
such as justice strictly demanded. The Court had nothing 
else to do than to pass such a sentence as the facts of the 
case called for, with the hope that it might act as a warn- 
ing to all those who were following in the same dreadful 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 165 

course of conduct, for which the defendant herself was 
ahout to suffer. The question here was, not whether the 
defendant kept a house for the purposes of prostitution, 
hut whether she was one of those vile and hase creatures, 
who, although from her years, she could not he actuated hy 
die same vicious inclinations hy which the male sex was at 
thnes influenced, yet, for the sake of filthy lucre and 
sordid gain^ had consigned to eternal perdition, females of 
a youthful and tender age. He was afraid to pursue the 
subject further, lest his feelings should induce expressions 
from the lips of the Court, which might not be consistent, 
when it was considered that they came from the judgment 
seat.' After a few more remarks, strongly condemning 
the conduct of the defendant, she was sentenced to twelve 
months' imprisonment in the Plouse of Correction, and to 
be kept to hard labour, and at the expiration of that 
period, to enter into her own recognizances of 300/., and to 
find two sureties in 150/. each, to keep the peace for twelve 
months." — Report in Times^ in July 18, 1838.' 

Justice compels me to state, that on the 14th of Oc- 
tober, 1838, Mr. Seijeant Adams stated publicly on the 
bench, that in consequence of an order from the Home 
Office, he had further investigated the evidence of the 
preceding case, and discovered, that the chief witness had 
sworn falsely, as she had been in a brothel two years 
before she went to the house of the prisoner. The effect 
will probably be a commutation of the sentence. Never- 
theless, the prisoner deserves the most severe punishment. 
Mr. Talbot has shewn me a large collection of the most 
infamous books, prints, and portfolios foimd in her house ; 
and there is not the slightest doubt that she is a most 
abandoned profligate wretch, 

'* The London Society commends itself to the support and 
patronage of the philanthropist, and those who are anxious 
for the moral and religious welfare of their country; 



166 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

since it not only seeks to suppress one of the most alarmiog 
and dreadful evils, with which society is afflicted, but ako 
to protect the unfortunate victims of its virulence, and 
restore them to the paths of virtue. During the past year, 
it has suppressed eighteen notorious brothels, and rescued 
sixty- seven young females from destruction, many of 
whom have been restored to their friends, placed in respect- 
able servitude, or otherwise provided for. 

*' Assistance and aid are earnestly solicited, in order that 
the Committee may be enabled to carry out the benevolent 
objects oi the Society." 

Notwithstanding the preceding history of prostitution 
in London, I was anxious to compare it with that of Paris, 
and accordingly addressed a circular, containing the heads 
in M. Duchatelet's work, to the Commissioners of Police, 
the Secretary for the Suppression of Vice, Mr. Prichard, 
who most readily responded to my inquiries, and favoured 
me with a personal interview ; as also did Mr. Talbot, the 
Secretary to the Society, whose reports I have just quoted. 
I have likewise to acknowledge the politeness and attention 
of Mr. Mayne, one of the Commissioners of Metropolitan 
Police, whose information I shall immediately record ; bat 
as it is much less satisfactory and extensive, for reasons 
already mentioned, I give precedence to what I consicter 
more ample evidence. 

Mr. Talbot kindly furnished me with the replies to my 
queries, October, 1838, the substance of which is as fol- 
lows : — Mr. Talbot observed, in proposing that a Rep(»rt 
of the London Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Pros- 
titution, of which he is Secretary, be adopted and printed, 
'* that the subject of licentiousness is of a painful nature, 
and while he was fully aware of the difficulties, he felt 
convinced that it must be broadly described ; and he was 
willing to undertake the task, basing his observatious on 
statistical information, which he knew to be correct. The 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 167 

ctent of licentiousness was not, in bis opinion^ fully 
lown^ nor could it be so^ unless individuals, wbo knew 
nnething of it, stepped boldly forward, and proclaimed 
to the Christian world. The security of society required 
lis ; and while he had as great a regard for real delicacy 
) any man, or any father could have, he must speak out. 
[e believed he was in possession of information regarding 
lis crying sin, of a limited character certainly, but still 
luch more extensive than others possessed, and not gene- 
illy known. As a father, he looked at his own children, 
t his own daughter, and he shuddered as he reflected, 
lat if she passed through the streets without parents or 
lends being with her, she might, by persuasion or force, 
e torn from his bosom, be plunged into ruin, and he, 
erhaps, never see her again in this world. It was most 
istressing to the mind to refer to such deplorable facts, 
at it was absolutely necessary that they should be pub- 
dy known. He would, therefore, give a recent proof of 
iie truth of his remarks. — A child, aged fourteen years, 
ad lately applied to the Society, of which he was the 
ecretary, for protection. She was decoyed, at the age of 
prelve years, while passing to or from a Sunday school^ 
ito a brothel, and such was the influence gained over her, 
bat, though she left not her home, she continued her 
isits to this abominable abode for about two years, un- 
nown to her friends or relations. He was anxious that 
be public attention should be directed to such facts, 
bough aware that he might be met with the cry of * in- 
Idicate,' he was compelled to state them. He was not 
Qsensible to the claims of modesty — no man had a greater 
eneration for dehcacy than he had, and he would not, 
«ven when speaking on these painful subjects, aNow a 
rord to escape him, if he knew it, to offend the ear of the 
haste; but he would ask, as a father, whether it would 
lot be better^ that the child should receive the caution in 



168 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

time from the parent, than to realize the horrors of the 
sptem hy experimental knowledge; and how^ he would 
ask^ could parents, ignorant of the artifices employed, and 
the extent of the evil referred to, give the needed warning ? 
There was indelicacy enough to he witnessed in our street^ 
but was it indelicate in a father or mother, guarding tbdr 
beloved children from danger ; or in a Christian puUie 
perusing a detail of these appalling facts ? " 

I most fully agree with Mr. Talbot, and therefore place 
the information with which he has kindly supplied me 
before the reader, convinced as I am, that every moral 
and religious individual will approve of my motive, which 
I am sure cannot fail to be productive of a vast deal of 
good, by assisting in urging the legislature of this empire 
to correct or diminish, the horrible state of immorality 
amongst us. 

I submitted the following side-heads, or titles, after the 
example of M. Duchatalet, to Mr. Talbot, and I now give 
the substance of his replies, though I am bound to state 
that he afforded me much more information ; some of 
which could only appear in a dead language, and some, 
according to my judgment, could not appear at alL In 
proof of this assertion, I have, however, to state that, ac-^ 
cording to Mr. T., " there is no country, or city, or town, 
where this evil is so systematically, so openly, or so exten- 
sively carried on, as in £ngland and her chief city." The 
reader must peruse the whole of the preliminary chapters 
of this work to arrive at a satisfactory conclusion. 

Number of prostitutes in London, — Mr. Talbot con- 
cludes, after the most laborious research and personal ob- 
servation, and the evidence of eight different investigators, 
that there are 80,000 prostitutes in London. He gives the 
comparative state of population and licentiousness in Nor- 
wich, Belfast, Liverpool, and London, by which it appears, 
that the number in the latter would be 53,000. But ai 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 169 

rime has increased three or four hundred per cent during 
le last twenty years, while the population did not advance 
lore than thirty'three per cent, the inference is, that 
cefDtiousness, as well as other vices, extends in a tenfold 
itio. He conscientiously believes, there is no exaggeration 
I the numher he has given. The Rev. Robert Ainslie 
:ates, ^ that in the neighbourhood of Lincoln's Inn, there 
re twenty-two brothels, inhabited by one hundred and 
fty women, besides children. In another district, there 
re twenty-three such houses, inhabited by four hundred 
nd twenty-two females." 

" The London Society," says Mr. Talbot, " has just had 
true bill returned against a man in Wentworth Street, in 
rhoee eight houses, as many as two hundred prostitutes 
,iid thieves have been found." 

Nations which supply such females. — London and the 
dburban villages supply the greater proportion. Some 
mters maintain, that every one in three of the daughters 
if persons in the lower rank in life, become prostitutes, 
lefore they are twenty years of age. It is also asserted, 
hat there is one prostitute to every seven virtuous women. 
Jnfortunate females arrive from every part of Great Britain 
md Ireland — a gre^t portion from the large towns, and 
nany from the villages, who come to London in the hope 
xf obtaining situations, who are disappointed, and fall into 
Hostitution. Considerable numbers arrive from France, 
Italy, and other continental nations ; there are even some 
Greeks, and East, and West Indians. The parents are 
generally poor and illiterate. This account is very similar 
to M. Duchatelet's. (See page 43). 

Education, — The education of prostitutes is very bad 
uid defective. According to the Metropolitan Police Be- 
port of Criminals, from January 1837, to January 1838; 
of 3,103 prostitutes, 1,773 could neither read nor write — 
^,237 could read only, or read or write but very badly — 



170 PBOGnrirnoN in London. 

dgfaty-niDe could read and write well^ and four had tt- 
ceived a superior education. It b also stated in the Report 
that all other criminals were equally, if not more illiterate. 

Ages. — ^According to the Report alluded to in the pre- 
ceding paragraph, there were three prostitutes of 3103, 
under the age of fifteen years ; four hundred and four- 
teen from fifteen years to twenty ; eight hundred and 
serenty-two from twenty to twenty-five; five hundred 
and twenty-five from twenty-five to thirty; two hun- 
dred and seventy-three from thirty to forty; eighty-d^t 
from forty to fifty ; and nineteen from fifty to sixty. Mr. 
Talbot has known prostitutes as young as ten years, and 
as old as fifty; after which age they generally become 
procuresses or brothel- keepers. Some ignorant medical 
practitioners think a girl of ten years of age cannot be vio- 
lated, or become a prostitute ; and such men have succeeded 
in rescuing culprits from the gallows by such erroneous 
eWdence. 

Causes of prostitution, — The causes are the same, or 
nearly so, as in France (see p. 45) ; viz. seduction ; ne^ectof 
parents; idleness; the low price of needle and other female 
work ; the employment of young men-milliners and drapers 
in shops in place of women ; the facilities of prostitution ; 
prevalence of intemperance ; music and dancing in puUic 
houses, saloons, and theatres; the impression that males 
are not equally culpable as females ; female love of dress 
and of superior society; the seductive promises of mea; 
the idea that prostitution is indispensable ; poverty ; want 
of education; ignorance; misery; innate licentiousness; 
improper prints, books, and obscene weekly publications; 
and the profligacy of modem civilization. The neglect of 
parents and those who have the charge of youth, frequently 
produces the most lamentable results. Instances are fre- 
quently occurring in this capital, in which children on the 
streets owe their misery to this cause. In many cases, 



PBOSTITUnON IN LONDON. 171 

arents, relations, and guardians^ refuse to receive back 
ich unfortunates after a first transgression, and inhumanly 
onsign them to infamy. Such heartless persons forget 
le parable of " the return of the prodigal child." Tre- 
GUiners readily kidnap such children^ take them to brothels 
r low public houses^ where they are initiated in the art of 
lieving and debauchery. A large portion of the boys 
bove twelve years of age^ and some even younger, com- 
litted to Newgate^ have been connected with bad women^ 
fact of which there is too frequent proof, as these boys 
re visited every day by their mistresses, under the name 
f sisters. Finally, they appear in frills and pinafores, at 
lie bar of the Old Bailey, charged with robbery or some 
ther felony. 

Mr. Talbot states, that in consequence of the neglect of 
larents and guardians, there are from twelve to fourteen 
bousand young prostitutes in London. Another cause of 
icentiousness is the erroneous impression, that the male is 
lOt equally guilty with the female. He pursues his course 
f iniquity with unbridled freedom, reckless of the injuries 
le may inflict, feeling secure by custom, in the undisturbed 
i^oyment of his criminal propensities. The divine law, 
lowever, equally condemns both sexes ; and the custom of 
Dan cannot abrogate it. The heartless seducer is, how- 
nrer, received into society, while not only odium and dis- 
^ce, but disease, destitution, and misery, fall upon his 
nnocent victim. He is now sanctioned by the infamous 

lOOr law — THE CHARTER OF LIBERTINISM — the " boOU of 

lie female population," but, in truth, the bane of this 
portion of the population. The female is reprobated and 
ihunned by all, while he who has been the cause of her 
^calt, and who is infinitely more guilty than she is, receives 
llie tacit approbation of the world ! She is consigned to 
infamy, driven to commit infanticide or suicide ; or con- 
demned to death or transportation for life. Such is the 



179 rBOSTTTTTION IX UfSOOS, 

bwbuitr of hmnan hiri, wben opposed to the divine md 
natund. 

According to die impulse of human and animal natme, 
the male is much more prone to the procreation of the 
^>ecies dian the female ; and no human law or custom, 
has cTcr. or can erer, rererse this inclination. Any hmuD 
enactment opposed to this truths is hased on ignorana 
and enoi ; and ought, in my opinion^ he reprobated hf 
every Christian philanthropist, Were human laws bised 
upon those of nature, die odium, di^raoe, and ponkh- 
meut of seduction, bastardy, and adultery, would abobe 
inflicted on him, who perpetrates such crimes. This would 
be in strict accordance with the Mosaic legislation on Ihae 
subjects;, and with the physiology of human nature. In 
such cases, the moral and r^igious would sancd(m tbe 
punishment of the real and most guilty party, and act 
up to the dictates of our nature. Mr. Chitty, the ode- 
brated legal author, is of diis opinion ; and contends tint 
the laws should punish in person as wdl as by fin^ die 
female'seduoer. — Element* of Medical JurUprudenee. 

Dramatic entertainments, — I have already shewn, (see 
p. 6), that dramatic oitertainments are among die pre- 
disposing causes of Hoendousness ; and I shall now demoo* 
strate, that they are loudly condemned by many of onr 
most enlightened dirines. Thus, Archbishop Tillotaoo 
observes, with r^ard to plajrs; ''They are intolerable, 
and not fit to be permitted in a civilized, much leas i 
Christian nadon. They do most notoriously minister lo 
vice and infidetity. By their profaneness they are apt to 
instil bad principles into the minds of men, and to ksKB 
that awe, which all men ought to have of God and religioD ; 
and by their lewdness, they teach vice, and are apt to in- 
fect the minds of men, and dispose them to kwd and die- 
solute pracdces." 

Rollin^ the principal of the University of Pftris, quoCei 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 17S 

e following passages from the writings of Rochefaucault^ 
Lth approbation : — *^ All great diversions are dangerous to 

Christian, but of all that have been invented, there is 
>ne we have so much reason to fear, as plays. The 
issions in these entertainments are so naturally and so 
Hfully delineated^ that they are excited by them, and 
Qfirinted on our hearts, especially that of love." 

Had these distmguished writers witnessed modem per- 
>nnances, dances, and the intermixture of abandoned 
^omen with the virtuous in every part of our theatres, 
iloons, and green rooms ; and observed the conduct o^ 
11 classes of men in these places, they would be shocked 
t the immorality of this enlightened age and nation. 

Another fertile source of vice, is the practice of sending 
urae maids and female servants with children into the 
(yyal parks, and squares, where there are always seducers, 
focurers, or procuresses. In sober truth, such wretches 
le in every part of this vast metropolis ; and therefore, 
oang females and female children, from the age of eight 
r ten years upwards, ought to be cautioned against them, 
ii'emale children in charity schools, and those who are day 
idiolars, are often trepanned and ruined by the wretches 
list mentioned. The masters, mistresses, and guardians of 
nch institutions, and of workhouses. Foundling hospitals, 
md other establishments in which there are female orphan 
prls, should therefore, be most careful how they allow 
ihein into such places, or the streets, or to whom they 
nngn them as servants or apprentices. Mr. Talbot has 
known many of this class consigned to prostitution. He 
ibo states, that mothers and daughters on account of the 
j^ittance derived from female labour, are often compeUed 
lo walk the streets at night, in order to obtain tlie means 
of subsistence. A similar fact is mentioned by M. Ducha- 
tdet. (Seep. 47.) 

It is even most unsafe to allow one s own children to go 



174 PROSTITCnON IN LONDON. 

into the streets, squares^ parks, or public promenades, 
with nurses or female servants, the licentiousness oitSi 
dasses, high and low, rich and poor, is so formidaUe and 
extensive at present — such is ''the march of intellect 
amongst us," and the result of " the schoolmaster being 
abroad," but in reality, not at home. 

Trades and occupations. — Milliners, dress-maken, 
straw-bonnet makov, furriers, hat-binders, silk-winden^ 
tambour-workers, shoe-binders, slop-women, or those 
who work for cheap tailors, those in pastry cook, fancy, 
and cigar shops, bazaars, servants to a great extent, fre- 
quenters of theatres, faiis, dancing rooms, and almost all 
places of public amusement in lai^e towns and cities, aie 
licentious. It is impossible to estimate the number ad- 
dicted to secret prostitution in the different ranks of 
society. 

Opinion of themselves. — The account given by the 
author on Prostitution in Paris, equally applies to London 
(see p. 49). Abandoned women usually entertain the 
lowest opinion of themselves ; and generally shun virtuous 
society, while following their wretched calling. They often 
commit suicide, or become insane, or idiotic. (See p. 49.) 

Religious feelings, — They have seldom any sense of 
religion while vicious, but when misery, poverty, and dis- 
ease afflict them, they often wish for religious consolatioQ. 
(See p. 30.) 

Sense of shame, — Mr. Talbot observes, *' when in the 
society of their companions, and male associates, they 
have no shame ; and in very many instances outrage all 
decency in the public streets. They often exhibit them- 
selves at the windows in the day time, in alluring posU 
tions ; and in the evening, or approach of dusk, in the 
more retired streets, variis modis corporibus nudis, sal- 
tant, ludant, et cantant. This was the custom at Madame 
Aubrey's, and was complained of by the opposite neigh- 



■IIS 

D 

ia 



FRonriTUTioir in London. 175 

boun. I have known many examples." Their language 
^'1 in the streets is the grossest and most revolting possible^ 
^f in the hearing of virtuous persons^ in order to excite the 
passions. But when they seriously determine to abandon 
' ^ their infamous course of life, their sense of shame becomes 
painfully acute, and they refer with horror to their past 
conduct. When they apply for admission into an asylum, 
their conduct is most respectful and correct, and then: 
° language most remarkably delicate. " I have officially 
known many most singular examples." (See also p. 49.) 
They likewise think it a profanation to attend divine ser- 
vice, or to perform any religious act, while practising their 
location. (See p. 50.) 

BerU and ckaracter of mind, — The reader will find a 

satisfactory account in the preceding chapter. (See p. 50.) 

Manner of passing their leisure hours, — It is very diffi- 

<^t to give any account in this kingdom, because the state 

^ society precludes the possibility of arriving at any posi- 

^Ve conclusion, (see p. 51) which I am inclined to think 

^fers to most nations. 

Moral defects, — Mr. Talbot observes — '* Prostitutes are, 

^ith yery few exceptions greatiy addicted to the abuse of 

^^irituous liquors. They are not so at first, but they are 

^yariably soon after their ruin, (see p. 52.) They are 

^ften ferocious thieves, though there are many exceptions. 

*llieir keepers urge them on ; pelf, pelf is the requisite. 

I'hieying is prevalent amongst them to a great extent, 

%^oagh lying, scandal, and extortion are their chief faults 

^r yioes. 1 do not think that, generally, they are gluttons, 

))ecau8e intemperance destroys the appetite. They are 

in most cases spendthrifts, and slovens. (See p. 52.) 

Good qualities, — The Parisian and London accounts 
are widely different (see p. 52). Mr. Talbot observes, 
*' they have very few, if any good qualities. They have a 
strong sympathy for each other, and a desire to relieve 



176 PHU tfiiim ox ly uaswax* 

their distresKd companions; bat this feeling subtt^ 
when the miaerabk object of oommisention removei ^ 
a distance, althonsfa much more distressed than evtf* 
Women of this class hare little love for their offiipriog) 
whom they often destroy, though they are aidently at- 
tached to their parents. They invariably serve^ and nefff 
injure each other. Their charity extends to none but thev 
own dass." M. Ihichatelet records the contrary. (See 
p. 53). 

Lover* and buUie*. — '' Every girl, or woman, has her 
fancy man, or buUy, who lives upon her prostitution,' and 
sddom confines himself to one female. Bullies are thieves, 
pickpockets, and often murderers. Girls, who are not more 
than thirteen years old, have their fancy-men. They are 
attached to such horrible vagabonds, whose business u 
partly to protect them, and pardy to lob or murder thoie 
whom they entice into brothels. These men are the moet 
desperate characters, and are ready to commit any crime, 
however atrocious. They are most commonly of the lower 
orders, but occasionally belong to the middle and upper 
classes of society, of all which I have known exampleSi 
Bullies spend the day in public-houses, and the night is 
brothels, in which they always assist in robbing, and often 
in murdering their victims.'* M. Duchatelet attests the 
truth of this statement. (See pp. 53, 54). 

Now suppose that the number of prostitutes be 80,000, 
as already concluded, and that each has a bully, then 
there would-be this great number of thieves and vagabond! 
let loose on the community. If we suppose one-fourth d 
the above number, then there will be 20,000 crimini^ 
the future subjects of penal settlements or the gallows. 

While writing the preceding facts appertaining to this 
chapter, an enlightened medical gentleman called upoo 
me, who has had great experience in London and Paiie} 
and who, on seeing my manuscripts, and learning tfaeif 



FB06TITUTION IN LONDON. 177 

y, fully corroborated all the preceding statements, 
e me much additional information, which was eli- 
' conversation. 

uursd me that near what is called the Fleet ditch, 
(Tery house is the lowest and most infamous brothel. 
i an aqueduct of large dimensions, into which mur- 
odies are precipitated by bullies, and discharged at 
derable distance into the Thames, without the 
t chance of discovery. He also informed me that 
'e two influential men in the city of London, who 

houses in the vicinity, not in reality worth 30/. 
each, at 2/. a- week each as common brothels! 
rental of such houses varies from 100/. to 500/. 
and a premium from 100/. to 300/. is asked for the 
II of a flrst-rate establishment." He likewise gave 
account of various parish officers, who refused to 
e to assist in suppressing degrees of immorality 
I cannot mention in any language. He also in- 

me that there were several churches and places of 
worship, in different parts of the metropolis,"which 
le houses of assignation. Men milliners and fasci- 
young men, who have money to spare, are gene- 

the streets at church hours, to accost and escort 
I to places of public worship, to sit near or within 
them, and to make assignations. I may here remind 
der that this is the country of wealth, good living, 
,t money is no object when the passions are to be gra- 

But to end this digression, I have to mention that 
irmant, a truly moral character, a respectable citi- 
e £ither of a family, gave me the following account 
es :—Two acquaintances of his, men of the world, 
Qtrapped in one of the parks, by two apparently 
£ females, about twenty years of age, who were 
; in a pony phaeton, to accompany them home to a 
otoriously infamous square in this metropolis. All 

K 



178 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

was folly and debauchery until the next morning. But 
when the visiters were about to depart, they were stonlj 
infonned that they must pay more money. They replied 
they had no more, but would call again, when their vidoos 
companions yelled vociferously. Two desperate looking 
villains, accompanied by a large mastiff, now entered the 
apartment, and threatened to murder the delinquents if 
they did not immediately pay more money. A frightful 
fight ensued ; the mastiff seized one of the assaulted hj 
the thigh, tore out a considerable portion of the flesh; tiie 
bullies were, however, finally laid prostrate, the assailed 
forced their way into the street, through the drawing- 
room windows ; a crowd speedily assembled, and on Icani- 
ing the nature of the murderous assault, the mob attacked 
the house, and nearly demolished it before the police ar- 
rived. The injured parties effected their escape during 
the commotion. My friend further informed me, that in 
a certain court, near another notoriously profligate square^ 
which was pulled down a few years ago, several skeletons 
were found under the floor, on which inquests were hdd 
by the coroner. He also mentioned numerous facts about 
suburban fairs, which I believe to be perfectly true, but 
which I cannot further notice. His statements are ftdly 
corroborated by the various authorities I have quoted in 
these pages. 

I shall barely observe, that it is a well-known fact, that 
coroner's inquests are often held on the bodies of womeOi 
who commit suicide a few hours after their profligacy at 
suburban and metropolitan fairs; and that taverns and 
public houses near such places afford every accommodatioD 
for private prostitution. The first statement is so iJfU, 
that had I sufficient leisure I should attend such inquests^ 
for the purpose of ascertaining the changes in the ovaries 
in a few hours after conception. 

Tribade^. — Mr. Talbot has no information to give 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 179^ 

»ii this head such as that offered by M. Duchatelet^ 
p. 56). 

Tiibades inter nos raro existant — a rpifias, xnulier quee 
n sexum suum libidinem exercet ; Tpifioa idem valet quod 
xico, tero. Tribades itaque did possunt^ Latine^ frica- 
rices de quibus dicunt Juyenal, Martial^ et Horatius, &c. 
Vttamen omnibus modis aliquando, voluptate damnosa 
!t furtiva veneris monstiferes coeunt meretrices nostra. 
* Rara sunt exempla," dicit D. Talbot sed pauca novi, et 
ic D. Prichard (see p. 56), 

Cfassification of prostitutes, — The present defective 
state of our laws^ renders a correct classification of de- 
>iaved women impossible. There are, however, three 
Uvisions. Those who live by prostitution, amongst whom 
[re those who have their own apartments, either in bad 
looses or private lodgings, for which they pay most exor- 
dtandy ; while there are others who walk the streets, pick 
ip customers or friends, and take them to places of accom- 
Qodation, for which a large price is exacted. These truly 
infortunate creatures are closely watched, while walking 
be streets, so that it is impossible for them to escape, and 
r tliey attempt it, the spy, often a female child hired for 
he purpose, or a bully, or procuress, charges the fugitive 
nth felony, as escaping with the clothes of the brothel 
leeper, when the police officer on duty immediately arrests 
he delinquent, and takes her to the station house of his 
Ivision, but more commonly gives her up to the brothel 
xeper, who rewards him. '' This inhuman and infamous 
vactice is of nightly occurrence in this metropolis. When 
he forlorn unfortunate wretch returns to her infamous 
ibode^ she is maltreated, and kept nearly naked during the 
Isy^ 80 that she cannot attempt to run away ; she is often 
lalf starved, and at night again sent into the streets, as 
iften as she is disengaged ; while all the money she re- 
aves goes to her keeper, whether male or female. This 



180 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

is not an exaggerated picture^ but a fact attested by myrif 
on many occasions. I have known a girl aged fifteeo 
years, who in one night knew twelve men, and produced 
to her keeper as many pounds. Faucis horis, he pneDc 
sex vel septem hominibus congruunt ; lavant et bilmnt port 
singulum alcoholis paululum, vulgo brandy, et dein pantc 
simt aliis." 

In this class must be included many engaged during the 
day in needlework, the wages of which are so small, that 
the deficiency for the support of existence must be l^ 
quired by infamy. Others frequent the theatres, or ire 
kept-mistresses, who generally receive paramours in tbe 
absence of their keepers. Many servants may be dasaed 
under this head. ^' I believe one-third of prostitutes tie 
servants ; and one half brought up in their calling. Mar- 
ried women and widows also belong to this class, and maoj 
of them support their families in this way." 

There is another class under this division, who are ex- 
clusively devoted to sailors, and who locate on the banks 
of the river. These are of the lowest description, and are 
in the employ of crimps, brothel keepers, and gin-palaoe 
keepers. There are also others who live near brick kilnfl^ 
and are always to be found in the train of brick makeii} 
navigators, and cads. There are others, who altogether 
associate with mendicants, and partly live upon the plunder 
of these nuisances ; and others, in the neighbourhoods of 
the markets, who entirely devote themselves to the ooontij 
waggoners and carters. There are more who attach theis* 
selves to soldiers, and when they are devoted to a particakr 
regiment, they will follow that regiment all over the king- 
dom, and even over the world, if practicable. 

The next class, according to Mr. Talbot, consists of]pt(h 
curesses, procurers, and panders — the most abominaUe 
wretches in existence, alike reckless of themselves, and of 
those who may become their prey. Some procaien tre 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 181 

men moving in the most respectable classes of Society. 
These are attached^ for the most part, to brothels kept by 
foreigners ; and are often sent to different towns and vil- 
lages on the continent to engage "young girls from their 
parents^ as tambour-workers, dress-makers, &c., and a 
quarter's wages are sometimes advanced to the parents, to 
lull thdr suspicions. When the inhuman monsters have 
obtained a sufficient number, they bring them to London, 
where their modesty and virtue are sold to some profligate 
wretch for from 20/. to 100/. After a short period, these 
imfortanate children are said to become stale, are turned 
into the streets, contaminated or not, to starve ; and the 
procurers are again despatched to the continent for others. 
Many such deplorable instances have been proved in our 
superior courts of justice, in the prosecutions instituted by 
die Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution. 

Procuresses are employed in this metropolis and else- 
wfaere> to watch stage coach offices, and to offer advice, 
aid^ and lodging to girls who come to London to obtain 
atnations— others frequent servants' bazaars, or rather 
■iiiks of iniquity, workhouses, prisons, penitentiaries, for 
the purpose of hiring servants, and decoying innocent, or 
mezperienced girls, by every artifice and cunning which 
infamy can suggest. Fair promises generally have effect, 
and ruin is the result, as the reports of the daily press too 
fordhly demonstrate. 

Many of the female wretches who are proprietors of in- 
fiunous houses, appear at those places as most respectable 
persons. They prowl about bazaars, haberdashers and 
milliner's shops, and if they observe a showy young female, 
diey purchase some trifling article, and request such young 
person shall be allowed to take it home. When she arrives, 
the is purposely delayed, and generally ruined. " I have 
known procuresses who were sent seventy miles from Lon- 
don, and no expense spared in their horrible traffic. Others 



182 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

prowl about the streets of London day and nighty for die 
purpose of entrapping the unwary ; and thus the dem^ 
for fresh victims is supplied. 

*' The other modes by which infamous houses are sap- 
plied/' says Mr. Talbot, " as death, disease, or demand 
requires, is, that the keepers encploy agents, young womeD 
about eighteen years, to perambulate the streets, and deoof 
any children they may meet with, under pretence of takii^ 
them to see a relative, or going a pleasant walk, or invitiog 
them to a theatre, or getting them a place of service. The 
most subtle artifices are employed on these occasions, 
both by day and night #The Sabbath is a favourite day 
with these wretches, and they watch young children to 
Sunday schools, and entice them to their haunts ; nay, I 
believe children have been actually taken from the schools 
in the sight of teachers and companions, they having no 
idea of so shocking a system being in operation. As soon 
as the children are secured, they are sold, and their min 
sealed, peihaps, by some hoary-headed debauche at an 
enormous price. 

" In other instances, the child is permitted to return to 
its friends after being ruined. A case lately came before 
me, in which a little girl, ten years old, was decoyed by a 
trepanner as she was passing to a Sunday school, takoi to 
a brothel, ruined, and sent home at the usual hour of the 
school breaking up. She was rewarded with sweetmeats 
and trifles, which induced her to visit the place again and 
again, paying to the infamous owner ten and twelve shil* 
lings a week, for the use of a room only. 

" Another feature in this hideous system is^ that if an 
innocent child be taken to what is termed a respectable 
establishment, she is violated for a high price, and then 
transferred to a house of an inferior description ; and diia 
transfer takes place as often as the first house procona 
fresh inmates^ and is continued until the wretched child, 



PROSTITUTION IN L.ONDON, 183 

after a few days or weeks^ finds herself diseased^ and in 
one of the lowest and vilest hrothels in London. 

''Other trepanners are sent into the country, locate them- 
sdves in certain places, become acquainted with the female 
children of the neighbourhood, engage some of them as 
servants, and bring them to town (London), in that or 
some other capacity, where they are speedily ruined. The 
brothel-keepers also negociate with country waggoners to 
bring them up girls under these and other false pretences, 
at a certain sum each." 

Delinquents of this kind have been repeatedly brought 
before the police magistrates, but rarely punished as they 
deserve, in consequence of the shamefully defective state 
of the law. 

'' I speak advisedly when I state that there are about 
fimr hundred trepanners in this metropolis" 

Touters are females employed to watch prostitutes, but 
eq>ecially dress lodgers, while they perambulate the streets ; 
and whose duty it is to urge them to address passengers, 
and to see that they are attentive to their calling, as well 
as to take care that they do not run away. These persons, 
children excepted, are either prostitutes who have lost their 
attractions, or brothel-keepers of both sexes. 

** I have known children of eight or nine years of age 
thus engaged ; they are trained for prostitutes, and geue- 
nlly become so at twelve yeais of age. A vast amount of 
money is derived from this source, as will appear here- 
after." 

The older touters frequent secluded places, and commit 
every imaginable vice, in order to support a truly miserable 
esdstence. 

Physical characters, — Prostitutes are generally more 
healthful than might be expected, in consequence of their 
fbll and indolent mode of living; but many of them 
speedily get into bad health. (See p. 60.) 



184 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

General health. — The general health is usually mj 
bad, in consequence of their peculiar excesses, while es- 
posuie to the vicissitudes of the weather, their bad trot' 
ment, and intemperate habits induce disease^ and ooott- 
quently ill health. (See p. 61^ &c.) 

Several of these women apply to me at the Metropofitn 
Free Hospital, complaining of hoarseness, loss of Toioe, 
severe cough, rheumatism, inflamed eyes, and other dii- 
eases caused by exposure to cold, by intemperance, and bid 
treatment. 

Fecundity, — It is impossible to ascertain the enct 
number of children borne by prostitutes in London ; but 
there are 71,000 illegitimate births every year in the 
United Kingdom, of which there are 7,000 in London. 
Most of these result from secuction, which also causes 
numerous cases of child -murder, criminal abortion, and 
suicide. 

Prostitutes are not prolific; but most of them, wfacD 
pregnant, resort to criminal foeticide, as the care of chil- 
dren would interfere with their vocation. (See p. 53.) 

Mortality of children, — This cannot be ascertained 
with any degree of exactness in this country. Mr. Talbot 
thinks it very considerable before the age of six oumtfair 
(See p. 66.) 

Diseases common to prostitutes. — The diseases comnMO 
to unfortunate women have been already described. (See 
p. 67.) It is computed by the London Society for tiw 
Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, that there are 8,000 
deaths every year, either by disease or suicide. *' What an 
awful amount of mortality ! 8,000 human bdngs mafaing 
unprepared into eternity ! The thought is agonising^ the 
reality overwhelming. What a holocaust of human vic- 
tims yearly sacrificed at the shrine of sensuality !" This 
would give a new race, if there be 80,000 in London, everj 
en years. 



VBOSTTTUTION IN LONDON. 185 

Mr. Clarke^ the late chamberlain to the city of London, 
calculated the duration of life at four years, while others 
estimate it at seven years. 

According to Mr. Talbot, whose inquiries and observa- 
tions are very extensive, few die hi hospitals, workhouses, 
or prisons. It was unknown until lately when death oc- 
corred, unless amongst the same class of persons, and the 
bodies were buried by means of charitable contributions. 
Tlie new Act for the Registration of Deaths will soon af- 
ford more positive information on this subject. 

Fever, when prevalent, destroys a great number. Few 
escape venereal disease, and many are destroyed by its 
ravages. All the hospitals are crowded with venereal 
cases, to the extent of their accommodation. 

One of the surgeons of Guy's Hospital informed Mr. 
Talbot, that the number in three hospitals, during a period 
of eight years, was 2,700 cases of venereal in children, 
from the age of eleven to sixteen years ; and that a far 
gieater number than those admitted were refused for the 
want of accommodation. 

*' I have seen,*' says my intelligent informant, " as many 
IB thirty persons turned away from one hospital, some of 
them in the most direful state, scarely able to walk." 

We have also a great number of appUcations at the 
Metropolitan Free Hospital, and mostly made by girls 
from the age of twelve to sixteen years. The number of 
i^lications by persons of the other sex is comparatively 
liBW, though mere boys are frequently diseased. 

"*' From the testimony I have in my possession," says 
Bfr. Talbot, '^ I am enabled to state, that a great many 
brothel-keepers encourage boys into their dens. In one 
Itonse there wer^ three girls, and twelve or fourteen boys, 
waiting in a lower room on a Sabbath evening. Most of 
lliese boys, no doubt found to their cost, the injurious 
nsolts of a Sunday evening visit like this. I think I am 



186 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

correct in stating, that out of 5,000 brothels, 2,000 en- 
courage boys ; and supposing that in each bouse, fifty boji 
are to be found in the year, it gives the fearful aggregate 
of 100,000 visits made by boys to brothels. I shall not 
stop to inquire how many of this number become diseased, 
or how far the effects produced may influence their &mi- 
lies, connexions, and society at large." 

I can conscientiously bear my testimony in support of 
the truth of the preceding statements. I have been often 
shocked as a physician to different public charities in the 
metropolis, on seeing beardless boys, or rather children, 
presenting themselves for advice for venereal diseases. 
Several grey-headed members of my profession who came 
to see my practice, were al)8olutely amazed at such preco- 
cious depravity. 

The number of patients admitted into the Lock Hos- 
pital in London, from its first receiving, in January, 1747, 
to March, 1836, was 44,973, of whom only four died. 
The dispensaries relieve a great many venereal cases, ^nbSk 
adventurous quacks, chemists, druggists, and others, styling 
themselves surgeons, injure and kill a vast number. The 
most lamentable examples of bad and injudicious treat- 
ment, almost daily present themselves at our hospitals and 
dispensaries — a fact that every medical officer of such dia- 
rities can attest as well as myself. 

There are now (1838) five institutions for reclaiming 
unfortunate females in this metropolis, and they rescue 
about 500 annually. These asylums leave the sources of 
the evil unpurified. The only society which attempts tiie 
work of diminishing public depravation, is the London 
Society for the prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, wbkh 
suppresses these houses in which juvenile Corruption is es* 
couraged, punishes procurers and procuresses, and protects 
and provides for their unfortunate and wretched victims. 
The laudable exertions of this Society have been alreadj 



PBOSTITUTION IN IX)NDON. 187 

lotioed. The five asylums contain 500^ while 8^000 were 
iFcry year passing into eternity. The following are the 
•ther asylums alluded to : — 

The Magdalen, 1758; the London Female Peniten- 
iary^ 1807; the Guardian Society, 1819; and the Mari- 
ime Penitent Refuge, 1899. 

The efforts of these humane establishments have effected 
nuch good, as appears by the following facts : — 

Restored to friends, placed out in service, married, or 
Atisfactonly provided for, 6,969. 

Left at their own request, or discharged for miscon- 
lact, 9,980. 

Left from ill-health or incurable disease, 161. 

Sent to parishes, absconded, or left, being pregnant, 
151. 

Emigrated, 47. 

Died, 151. 

In the institutions at the date of report, 953. 

Average number admitted each year, 953. 

Total number admitted, 10,005. 

It appears that the various asylums just enumerated in- 
ihiding the Lock Hospital, and Society for the Prevention 
»f Juvenile Prostitution, have conjointly benefited 11,000 
odividuals, but that not fewer than four millions had 
dthin the same portion of time, been sacrificed by prostitu- 
loa. If these facts were generally known, surely the Chris- 
ian world would be roused to exertion for the amelioration 
tf the wretched state of prostitutes. It is computed, that 
S2 miUions sterling have been expended in patronising 
ibertinism, and not a tenth part in diminishing it. 

There is scarcely a family in the kingdom, who have 
lot suffered more or less by hcentiousness. The gaols 
nd workhouses receive numerous inmates, in consequence 
€ its almost universal prevalence; while it imposes a 
idghty and oppressive taxation upon the people of most 



188 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

countries. It is manifest from the facts recorded in dus 
volume, that we must speedily have better l^islation in 
relation to the subject. 

Number and localities of vicious houses, — Mr. Talbot 
has a return of 1,500 brothels in London, ejpclusive of die 
City, and some adjacent parts. No return has been, u 
yet, made of the whole of London. He found by a personal 
survey, in 1835, that there were 1,176 bad houses in Lam- 
beth. There are other parishes in which the number is 
equally great. " I have little doubt," says he, *' that then 
are 5,000 in London, an equal number to the gin- palace" 
He has authority not to be disputed for stacing, that dul- 
dren of eleven, twelve, and thirteen years of age, woe 
often dragged into these wretched dens. It appeared by 
the evidence given before a Committee of the House of 
Commons, " That there were 5,000 gin-shops in Lon- 
don," and these are chiefly supported by prostitutes and 
their associates. At certain convivial meetings of some 
distillers in London, one of the standing toasts was, ^ Tbe 
distillers' best friends, the unfortunate females of Lon- 
don." The number of places of worship, of schools, and 
societies for the welfare and beneflt of the human race 
in this metropolis, amounts altogether to {^,150, and to 
oppose these, are 5,000 gin-shops, a large number of beer- 
shops, saloons, taverns, &c. &c. 

Infamous houses, he states, are in all parts of the metro- 
polis, but most numerous in small streets, leading from 
public thoroughfares. ^' Some of them adjoin churcbei) 
chapels, and even the courts of law. There is one locafity 
in which vicious women accost persons as they issoe from 
the door of a chapel on the Sabbath. In another sitnatiflOi 
the officiating clergyman while in the pulpit, is in a pos- 
tion to witness the proceedings in a contiguous brotbd." 

One of the most notorious and infamous houses in 
London is opposite to a very much-frequented place d 



PBOmTUTION IN LONDON, 189 

divine worship, and can be seen from its windows. It is 
foreign to my purpose to mention the localities. Brothels 
are numerous near the Houses of Parliament and superior 
*aw courts. " I do not know," says Mr. Talbot, " any part 
of London free from them. They abound in the localities 
d all schools^ colleges, squares, and respectable streets^ 
and I know whole streets tenanted by them." 

If the reader will refer to page 73, he will find that im- 
proper houses are not allowed in many of the positions 
just mentioned in Paris. It is highly disgraceful that 
tfaey are tolerated in such localities, in this united king- 
dom. 

CigaTy coffeeshopa, S^c.--*' There can be no doubt but 
that many cigar, coffee, beer, pastry, and cook shops are 
places of assignation, and often of accommodation; in 
which young and well-looking girls are kept as decoys. 
lliese are numerous in the neighbourhood of theatres, and 
other places of public amusement. Varied and exorbitant 
demands are made for the use of rooms, according to the 
rank or appearance of the applicant. There are also 
many splendid saloons in different parts of ^' the town" 
(London), in which as many as two hundred dashing 
prostitutes assemble at the same time. Fashionable and 
wealthy young men visit these places, and choose their 
mistresses from those assembled. These saloons are also 
attached to " taverns," and are the sources of immense 
wealth. They are not exclusively confined to the '^ west- 
end of the town," or London, beyond Temple -bar. They 
are known in other parts under the name of *^ long 
rooms," particularly along the banks of the Thames, 
where sailors abound. Some of these long rooms can 
accommodate five hundred persons. 

** Prostitutes are arranged in rows in these houses, like 
cattle in Smithfield market, until sailors and other visiters 
select their ^ wives.' The suited then enter another ca- 



190 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

{Midous apartment in tbe establishment, and after every 
kind of revebry, drinking, and dancing, the poor Jad- 
tars proceed to brothels, where they are stapified by 
poisoned drink, robbed, and either forced into the streets, 
dressed or undressed, or absolutely murdered by bullies, 
and then secretly made away with. The daily pdioe 
reports in the leading newspapers supply numerous ex- 
amples. 

*' The owners of these houses make an enormous pro- 
perty by the sale of 'refreshments,' and ^ other artidesj' 
and they encourage prostitutes, by either treating them to 
food and drink, or by giving them money." 

Mr. Talbot also states, on the authority of lieutenant 
Rivers, and Lieut De Montmorency, of the Royal Hos- 
pital, Greenwich, that it is a common custom for abiD- 
doned women to be admitted on board of men-of-wur^ 
while in port, when leaving port, and on coming into 
port ; and that they had actually seen more prostitutes on 
board than there were men. The custom is, that when 
any large ship comes into, or leaves port, a number of 
boats is seen along side, filled with these women, eadi 
boat having in it, either the brothel-keeper, two agents, or 
the owner of the boat. The sailors now ask permission of 
their officers to take their ' wives' on board, which is 
readily granted, and the vessel is speedily crowded with 
low abandoned prostitutes, when the keepers negotiate 
with the sailors for the prices of their wives. The efieds 
of this scene, and of the dissipation and drunkenness 
which follow, on the minds of the young midshipmen and 
boys, can be readily imagined. If the respectable wife of 
an officer, or seaman, come on board, she must witness 
this debasing and degrading practice. She must heir 
horrid oaths, blasphemies, and obscenities, which may 
have a most demoralising effect on her future conduct, as 
well as on that of her children. 



PBOfinrUTION IN LONDON. X9I 

is aboTninable immorality issues from the metropdisi^ 
somiected with it in the following manner : — 
3 farotheUkeepers in the various ports^ who supply the 
Q^ have seldom more than three or four. Whenever 
e ship is expected^ an order is forwarded to London^ 
d the requisite number of females to meet the ex- 
l demand. In this way the brothel-keeper in the 
ry and in London are upon '^ terms of business ;" 
le supplying the other from the town market ; and 
her^ in turn, occasionally furnishing victims for the 
politan trade. The girls thus sent to the ports are 

paid for at a certain sum per head^ for the time 
ure likely to be absent, or the future possession of 
ia given to the country keeper^ for a larger con- 
tion. In this way, the greater number of pros- 
; who infest the various ports, are really sent from 
m. 

i effects upon sailors deserve attention. Most of the 
a admitted on board are diseased^ and spread a 
111 contagion around, disabling or destroying some 

best seamen, often at a period when their services 
Mt needed ; or implanting the seeds of bad health, 
tare decay, and too often inducing a horrid and lin- 

death. These lamentable results are often felt in 
!; parts; and the curses and imprecations of those 
ave been injured, are poured upon the guilty per- 
ils ; and our country is often said to be the scourge 
ine of the world. 

i robberies of sailors are of very frequent occur- 
as will appear by the police reports of the offices 
le river. The law is extremely defective as to the 
iment of the plunderers of this class of persons, and 
I be amended. A police magistrate ought, in my 
D, to have a summary jurisdiction in such cases, and 



192 PROBTITUTION IN LONDON. 

the power of inflicting a fine and imprisonment, with hard 
labour, on the class of robbers alluded to. 

Disturbances in improper houses. — It is an invanaUe 
characteristic of these houses that they are disorderly; and 
it is notorious, that their keepers or inmates are. almost 
daily appearing before magistrates for breaches of the 
peace, or for robberies. Every possible vice is perpetuated 
in them, and they are held to be the greatest possiUe 
nuisances. All the rogues and vagabonds with which 
London is infested, are connected with them. " The 
burglar, the pick-pocket, and the crimp, all leave the 
brothel to perpetrate their depredations upon the puUic; 
and return to the brothel to divide the spoil. The brothel 
affords them a shelter against the public officer, and pro- 
vides money, in the event of their apprehension, to subvert 
liie course of justice, and to ensure an acquittal. It is the 
cause of an immense expenditure of public money to sup- 
port an extended and expensive police, and our expensive 
law courts, and likewise the fertile source of disease, 
destruction, and death. It is also the cause of a degrading 
obloquy and disgrace attaching itself to our national 
character." 

Number pandering to prostitution, — The number of 
persons pandering to the vice under consideration in this 
metropolis, of whatever kind, those directiy engaged in 
aiding and assisting in decoying young females for the 
purpose, and looking after prostitutes in the streets, cannot 
be less than 5,000. It is computed that 400,000 persons 
are directiy and indirectly connected with prostitution, 
and that 8,000,000/. is expended annually in London on 
this vice alone. This is easily proved. " Some girls obtain 
from twenty to thirty pounds a week, others more ; while 
most of those who frequent theatres, &c., receive from ten 
to twelve pounds. Those of a still lower grade obtain about 



PB06TJTUTI0N IN LONDON. 193 

four or five pounds, some less than one pound, and many 
not ten shillings. It is a melancholy fact, that those of 
tlie lowest description, who earn the least money, are ge- 
nerally, sooner or later, turned naked, or almost so, out of 
doors, and left a prey to starvation and disease. If we 
take the average earnings of each prostitute at 100/. per 
annum, which is under the amount, it gives the yearly 
income of 8,000,000/. 

'^ Suppose the average expense of 80,000 amounts to 
20/- each, which is over the mark, 1,600,000A is the result. 
This sum, deducted from the earnings, leaves 6,400,000/. 
as the income of the keepers of prostitutes ; or, supposing 
5,000 to he the number, above 1,000/. per annum each, 
an income much larger than that of many professional 
men, militaiy and naval officers, or respectable tradesmen. 
There is no exaggeration in this calculation.*' 

The police reports daily demonstrate, that a man who 
goes to an improper house must pay exhorbitantly ; if he 
drinks, he is stupified and robbed ; or, if he remains sober, 
snd refuses to expend freely, he is assaulted, maltreated, 
or murdered by bullies. The keepers of some of these 
houses receive from twenty to one hundred pounds each 
night from visitors. It is a fact, that the wealthy, pam- 
pered brute has paid from twenty to one hundred pounds 
as the price of the virtue of an innocent child, who never 
more sees her parents, and whose short life will be the most 
.wretched that can be conceived. 

It is worthy of remark, that most of the brothel-keepers 
in London are Jews and Jewesses, while the majority of 
prostitutes are nominally, but improperly, denominated 
Christians. I have not been able to discover the cause 
of this difference ; and it will be found difficult to com- 
prehend it, even on the perusal of the following remarks, 
which deserve attention. 

'^I am quite sensible," says Mr. Talbot, "that the 





194 PB08TITUTI0N IN LONDON. 

keepers of bfotfiels and procuresses are^ generallj spealdi^ 
Jews and Jewesses ; but it is tn be borne in mind^ that 
almost all the wretched girls are, what is erroneoudj 
termed. Christian. It is not, therefore, just for tbe 
Christian to decry the Jew, as being the only culpaUe 
party, for both are deeply implicated. 

^ I will however go a step fiirther, and at once boldly 
accuse the Christian of being far more guilty than the 
Jew. I have already stated that there are 5,000 brothels 
and 400 trepanners in the metropolis : I will take it for 
granted that these persons are mostly Jews; and there 
are 2,000 more despicable persons, who follow unfortunate 
females through the streets, who watch them, and who 
compel them to accost all the other sex whom they meet 
1 then allow that there are 7,400 Jews engaged in ^ 
traffick, who are living on the d^radation of ChristiaD 
girls — the children of Christian parents, and who are 
plunging themselves and their unhappy victims into irre- 
mediable ruin. 

^'Now all respectable Jews condemn this infamous pur- 
suit. There is not a mark of odium that can be attadied 
to the human character that is not fixed upon the Jew 
who is known to have any connexion with this monstrous 
iniquity. I have the authority of Dr. Solomon HerscheUf 
tbe high priest of the Jews, as well as the concurrent tes- 
timony of other respectable Jews for the statements I 
have made. I quote the foUowing communication which 
I received from the learned and philanthropic Doctor. 

'' ^ I beg to say that this growing evil has long engaged 
my serious attention, and that I endeavour, by ail ckrietl 
means in my power to diminish the number of those whOy 
within the sphere of my influence, are guilty of abetting 
the progress of this vice, by holding them up to public 
disgrace, and excluding them from every mark of lespetX 
which tbe synagogue confers. 



.PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON. 195 

'' ' It is my decided opinion^ that the only effectual 
lemedy for the several and serious evils emanating from 
these sinks of infamy, is by an Act of Parliament, inflict- 
ing prompt and decided pains and penalties against the 
keepers of brothels, procurers, and procuresses.' 

^ I have also received similar testimony from the elders 
of the various synagogues in the metropolis. 

'' The parties engaged in encouraging vice are weU 
known to the heads of the Jewish persuasion, and on no 
account are they suffered to associate with the moral and 
the virtuous; they are excluded fiom a communion in 
any of the civil or religious privileges of the Jews ; they 
are not allowed to be married in the usual way, but the 
ceremony is performed by one of the most inferior officers; 
they cannot gain admission into a Jewish benefit society ; 
they are prevented from participating in Jewish charities ; 
and when death claims them, as the messenger sent to 
convey them to the dark regions of despair, they are de- 
prived of the common and ordinary rites of burial ; they 
are not interred in the same hallowed spot with their 
fathers, but their bodies are cast out, as being unworthy 
to sleep by the side of virtuous men. This is the inva- 
riable course pursued by the Jewish people ; and, I may 
▼enture to say, that there is not a Jew of any respectability 
whatever, who does not, from his heart, abhor and depre- 
cate these horrible practices. 

'' I will now fearlessly ask, — Do Christians act in the 
same manner ? I answer. No, they do not. While they 
know that in London 80,000 Christian women are follow- 
ing this evil way ; while they know that 8,000 are annu- 
ally consigned to ^ that bourne from which no traveller 
returns;' while they hear the cry of the returning pro- 
digal; while they listen to the moans of the wretched, 
and while the shrieks of the damned are ringing in their 
ears, the victims exclaiming, ' You might have saved us/ 

o 8 



196 PROSTITUTION IS LONBOK. 

they dole forth, now and then, a paltry guinea, in order that 
an attempt may he made to save ahout 400 yearly, and 
leave the remaining poor, famishing 7,600 to drag on a 
miserahle existence, while those who have plunged them 
into ruin have no mark of disgrace attached to them, and 
are allowed to participate in every privilege connected with 
the common rites of Christianity. 

*' Fellow Christians ! will you longer remain inactive? 
Will you hear 7,600 voices crying out, ^ Help us ! hdp 
us ! we have not got a friend on all the earth,' and not 
rise up as one man, unfurling the hanner of the cross, and 
rushing to the rescue ? Thus, while you are crushing the 
enemy, you will he pouring the halm of consolation into 
the broken spirit, and healing the wounded heart" 

This appeal cannot be made in vain, to all denomina- 
tions of Christians, whose profession of faith is, " Love 
God above all things, and thy neighbour as thyself. This 
do, and thou shalt live." How few, alas! strictly ohey 
the law — ^how few sympathise with the miseries of their 
neighbours — ^' Mankind of every description, without any 
exception of persons." Were the professors of Christianity 
in this country strictly obedient to the divine law, and 
were they aware of the magnitude of the moral evils 
amongst them which are superficially described in these 
pages, there assuredly would be a greater number than two 
or three hundred individuals, in this vast metropolis, 
found co-operating for the suppression and punishment of 
vice, the diminution of prostitution, and the various crimes 
it produces ; and for afibrding succour to the fearful num- 
ber of unfortunate prostitutes amongst us, who sigh, almost 
in vain, for restoration to that happy position in society, 
from which they were heartlessly torn by the much more 
sensual and wicked sex. I cannot but venture to hope, 
that the benevolent and philanthropic of all religious deoo* 
minations, will henceforth, now that the extent of vice 



PROSTITUTION IN liONDON. 1 97 

and crim^ is placed before them, aid in the Christian duty 
of attempting to control and diminish licentiousness^ and 
the vices it causes ; and in improving the horrible condi- 
tion of the thousands of the unfortunate women amongst 
us, who are festering in sin^ and woeful suffering, and 
whose vices are demoralizing, to a greater or less extent, 
every class of society. 

Houses for the sale of improper prodtu;tions.' — These 
houses, according to Mr. Talbot, are very numerous, and 
females are generally the venders of all sorts of vile pro- 
ductions. There are many houses in which books, prints, 
&c. are sold openly ; but a vast number in which they are 
disposed of secretly. '^ Pictures and devices are intro- 
duced into watches, seals, lockets, indeed into almost every 
article in common use, and are sold in shops where there 
is no suspicion of a probability of such things being kept. 
This traffic is common in bazaars, and with itinerant 
hawkers. Human ingenuity has almost exhausted itself in 
these productions. The foreign are infinitely more im- 
ttioral than the native. All are used in tiie higher order of 
brothels. A large quantity is in the possession of the Lon- 
don Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, 
which was found in the houses of Madame Aubrey, and 
Mrs. Stewart, who is now undergoing punishment in Cold 
Bath Fields prison." I have seen these productions, and 
they are of the most demoralizing tendency. I have also 
been credibly informed by different persons who had, at 
different periods, visited improper houses in London, 
Paris, Berlin, and other capitals, that such works, devices, 
and productions were in almost every flourishing esta- 
blishment. It is for this reason I differed in opinion from 
M. Duchatelet, and questioned the accuracy of some of 
his statements. — (See pp. 51 and 41.) 

The vendors of these productions, in this country, are 



198 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON, 

generally foreigners^ hawkers^ and Jews of all countries, 
both male and female. The number engaged in this king^ 
dom is about 4^000. 

Improper works vary in price from sixpence to two 
pounds sterling. The cheap ones are intended for appren- 
tices, and youth of both sexes of the humbler classes. 
There are few boys or girls of the lower classes who have 
not such productions. Gaudily-coloured frontispieces are 
prefixed, and exposed iu shop-windows to attract attention. 
Licentious songs are sold and sung daily in the puUic 
streets near the river, amidst groups of youth of both 
sexes. They have a great tendency to demorah'ze the mind. 
Partly owing to this cause, the author of '^ The Great Me- 
tropolis" observes, '' That not one young man in one 
hundred can be met with who has not had connexion with 
lewd women. The moral condition of the lower classes in 
London, is of a nature which it is painful to contemplate. 
In the case of thousands, all traces of morality are utteriy 
efiPaced from their minds. They are demoralized in their 
thoughts and habits, except when restrained by a fear of 
the laws, as if they were living in the most heathen part of 
the world. Sexual intercourse obtains amongst them to a 
most frightful extent." No one can deny, I presume, that 
our transported criminals, whose horrible vices have been 
already alluded to, in Chapter II. — Moral Depravation in 
Penal Colonies, page 17, — ^were initiated in the mother 
country ; or that the uneducated of the lower classes are 
as depraved as the mind can imagine, both in the most 
civilized as well as in savage nations. 

Not only books, prints, portfolios, paintings, but the 
most extraordinary inventions are used in the higher order 
of brothels in Paris, London, and other European capitals, 
and in all, in which gain is considerable. The most horrid 
and unnatural crimes are depicted and practised. The 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 199 

foreign representations belong to the period of the early 
French revolution^ and are the most shocking that can be 
imagined. 

Mr. Talbot further informed me, " Sunt lupinaria, nunc 
inter nos^ in quibus utuntur pueri vel puelle ! ! " He men- 
tioned localities, which of course, cannot be printed. These 
most infamous and horrible dens, are partly supplied by 
children and young persons, who are observed gazing at the 
windows of the improper printshops, already noticed, and 
'' as much as 10/. was expended to secure one boy." 

" Lambeth Street Police O^c— Police Constable H 
102, stated^ that at a late hour on Saturday night, Octo- 
ber 6th, he entered a most shocking den in Wentworth 
Street, Whitechapel, where some hundreds of juvenile 
thieves of both sexes nightly congregate, and are allowed 
accommodation, and where it not unfrequently happens, 
that as many as four or six boys and girls are permitted to 
sleep in the same bed. On going into a small room on the 
first floor, he found the male prisoner in bed between both 
the girls, and perceiving the latter to be of such tender 
ages, about fourteen years, he felt it to be his duty to take 
all three to the station-house. The constable further 
stated, that there were four houses thrown into one, and 
divided into small compartments, having a bed in each^ 
and so thin and low were the partitions between each, that 
the persons in one might hear everything that took place 
around, and a tall man could see into three or four about 
him. Mr. Wontner, the honorary solicitor to the London 
Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Prostitution, was 
present, and urged the magistrate to grant a warrant 
against the proprietor, so as to compel him to give bail to 
answer an indictment, but the magistrate considered this 
unnecessary, as enough had taken place to justify and 
support the indictment." — {Times, October 9th, 1838.) 

I shall now conclude this part of my subject^ by giving 



200 PROSTITUTION IS LONDON. 

the remaining facts in the language of Mr. Talbot^ as well 
as his suggestions, for a modification of our laws, and ren- 
dering them more efficient for the improvement of puUie 
morals. 

Penny Theatres, S^c, — " Penny theatres, which have 
been of late very much suppressed, have been the ruin of 
thousands. Wherever a penny theatre exists, it is not only 
an intolerable nuisance to the neighbourhood, but is sore 
to draw all the children of the lower orders to witness the 
most absurd, and immoral performances, and when onoe 
the habit of attending these places is fixed, it is sure to 
lead to prostitution and robbery, and all imaginable crimes. 
There was one, a short time since, whidi had existed for 
nine months, in the neighbourhood of Bagnige Wells 
Road, which at last became so bad, that the parish autho- 
rities interfered, and compelled the proprietor to abandon 
it. Young females, who had been ruined by the inrtra- 
mentality of that theatre, have applied to me fw protec- 
tion, after having been in the streets, in consequence of 
attending that place. Numerous instances might be ad- 
duced of this character, and I have no hesitation in affirm- 
ing, that they are the most powerful auxiliaries to vice of 
every description. Dancing and music-rooms, r^ulariy 
licensed at public-houses, are also sources of the most 
mischievous tendency, and produce the most lamentable 
and extensive results. I know not, however, of any places, 
which can at all compare, with the low lodging-houses 
abounding in the metropolis. I quote from the author of 
' Facts relative to the punishment of Death in the Metro- 
polis/ and have verified his assertions by personal expe- 
rience : — 

" ' Another class of nurseries of crimes, not indeed to 
be found in every quarter of London, but confined to 
certain districts, such as St. Giles, the low parts of West- 
minster^ and both sides of Whitechapel^ are lodging- 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 201 

Louses, kept generally by receiyers of stolen goods, and 
resorted to by none but thieves, or those who are on the 
point of becoming thieves. Houses of this description often 
contain fifty beds, which are occupied by persons of both 
sexes, from the age of ten to forty years. Into some of 
these houses boys only are admitted, the purpose of such 
exdusiveness being on the part of the boys to preserve 
their independence : that is, to escape the control of persons 
stronger than themselves, (they are equal and often supe- 
xior to grown thieves in skill, presence of mind, and know- 
ledge of their business), and on the part of the lodging- 
bouses to repress and prevent the men from robbing the 
boys, so that the lodging-house keepers may reap as much 
as possible of the boys' plunder. Women, however, are 
not excluded. It would be more correct to say, that girls 
of all ages from ten (for it is seldom that the female com- 
panions of thieves live to be women) are admitted, not 
on their own account as independent lodgers, but as the 
acknowledged mistresses of the boys who introduce them. 
The scenes of profligacy that occur in these dens are 
indescribable, and would be incredible if described.* 

Suggestions for corrective legislation, — *' As these 
queries relate to remedial measures, I will refer to them 
altogether. In passing, I may observe, however, that to 
the three last I reply at once in the affirmative. Every 
thing which has even the appearance of vice should be at 
onoe suppressed. But this can only be effected by extend- 
ii^ the powers of the magistracy and police ; and, after 
tibis, by a most rigid classification of persons committed to 
prison. I give an instance from the ' Companion to the 
Newspaper : ' — 

** * The two cases (a man and his wife) of " keeping a 
disorderly house,' a hot-bed of vice and misery, a fruitful 
source of wretchedness and guilt, the justices seem to look 
leniently upon^ ten days' imprisonment only being inflicted 



SOS PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

upon them; whilst ^ selling fruit on the pathway,' a 
crime having in it no immorality whatever, is puniahed 
with no less than thirty days' incarceration. The keeper 
of a hrothel is a heing dead to every sense of decency and 
shame. To him or her^ it is simply^ a few days' confine- 
ment They are not robhed of the slighest consideratioii 
among their usual associates; with whom, on the oontrtiyi 
they find sympathy. They are ^ in trouble/ and every 
effort is made by their friends to alleviate the tedium of 
their few days' detention. 

/' ' To virtuous girls thirty days' imprisonment in a 
common gaol is, in most cases, ruin. The young female 
of fifteen, convicted, not of any breach of positive morality, 
but merely of an offence against convenience, is shut up 
perchance in the same room with the hardened dealer 
in female seduction. The two ' keepers of a disordoly 
house,' imprisoned for ten days, would thus be enabled to 
turn their ' trouble ' to good account. A constant supply 
of victims is provided for them, and their committal oeaiei 
to be a punishment. This is a revolting picture, but itii 
a faithful one.' 

'' Without referring to education, as the best means of 
preventing crime and immorality, I state my belief, diat 
after education has done all it can do, prostitution will still 
exist, and consequently, perhaps to a limited extent, every 
other description of crime. This affords no reason, how- 
ever, why every means should not be adopted to restiaiiiy 
if not suppress, prostitution. Therefore, while education, 
and the penitentiary system, are employing their peculiar 
means, legislation should also lend its powerful and etkdant 
aid. Under present circumstances it is evident^ that the 
law is calculated to effect more good than either of the other 
two ; for, while on the one hand, most proatitates faaie 
received an education of some sort, and are able to ittdf 
if not to write — brothel-keepers who, for iiat nktof 



PR06TITUTI0N IS LONDON. 903 

money, are ever anxious^ and ready to encourage and per- 
petuate prostitution^ can only be restrained by the law. It 
'Will also be obvious that the penitentiary system is ineffec- 
tive^ as a great number of those rescued from prostitution 
by these means return to iniquity again ; and even sup- 
posing that none fall back into vice, after remaining twelve 
months or more in an asylilm^ yet the moment they are 
taken from the streets, their places are filled by the de- 
eoyer^ the panderer, and the brothel-keeper. Thus the 
market is always stocked^ and thus^ if deaths disease^ or 
mny other circumstance cause a deficiency in this supply, 
every means is resorted to to make up that deficiency; 
and while money is so lavishly employed, there will be 
found persons to carry out this nefarious traffic, and to 
betray the innocent. I do not mean to decry peniten- 
tiaries — they are most useful institutions, and calculated to 
do much good to the unfortunate female — but they must 
£ul to suppress the vice, while the emissaries of the 
brothel-keeper are allowed to pursue their course unmo- 
lested. Education may instruct the young, and guard 
them against vice. Penitentiaries may rescue the fallen, 
hot the only power on earth that will reach the brothel- 
hbeper, and restrain him, is the law. If the brothel-keeper 
md his agents, are brought under severe and effective 
enactments, it will follow that the number of prostitutes 
most be reduced, and consequently every other crime, in 
a proportionate ratio, lessened. If this be true, and I 
doabt not it will be admitted, the inquiry will naturally be 
made, ' What laws are there already in existence, and 
how far are they calculated to effect the desired end ? ' 

'^ Several legislative enactments have been passed, viz., 
85 Geo. II. c. 36, 28 Geo. II. c. 19, and 58 Geo. III. c. 70. 
Neither of these acts is at all sufficient to reach the evil; 
nevertheless much good may be done by tbeir being 
vigoroualy enforced by the proper authorities, .which are 



204 PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

the officers of parishes. Brothel-keepers mostly escape 
by removing from one parish to another ; and in gsms 
where conviction is obtained^ the punishment is generally 
light The heaviest punishment that I am aware of^ wm 
in the case of Belasco, who kept a brothel in Dmry Lanei 
and who was sentenced to two years' imprisonment^ which 
he underwent^ and who a little time since came before a 
magistrate, and expressed great contrition for his offence, 
and promised to amend his life. The same Belasco, 1 
have been informed^ is now a waiter at a notorious gamb- 
ling house at the west end^ and lives in a brothel^ kept by 
a member of his family. Any individual convicted of 
keeping a common brothel^ in my opinion, should be tram- 
ported for fourteen years at least 

^' The first of these enactments is^ indeed^ the only <me 
under which brothel-keepers can be indicted ; and if 
brothel-keepers are kept under restraint, there would be 
but little employment for their agents. Much difficulty 
attends the administration of this act, independent of the 
culpable neglect of parish officers^ who now urge that they 
are prohibited by the New Poor-law Act, from expending 
money on these prosecutions. The 36 Geo. II. proridea, 
that when any two rate*payers of any given parish^ give 
notice in writing to the constable or overseers of the said 
parish, of the existence of a brothel in such parish, that it 
shall be the duty of such officers to accompany the said 
two inhabitants to a justice of the peace^ who shall bind 
over in penal bonds of 20/. and 50/. ; the one party to pro- 
secute, and the other to produce materia/ evidence on tbe 
trial. Upon this the magistrate is to issue his warrant 
for the apprehension of the accused, and the two inha- 
bitants are again to appear before the justice^ and the nian 
or woman is held to bail to answer the charge at the ses- 
sions, where the two inhabitants must attend to give or 
produce the material evidence ; and if a conviction is ob- 



PB08TITUTI0N IN LONDON. ^5 

tained, the two inhabitants may claim a reward of 10/. 
cach^ but if the prosecution fails^ they are liable to an 
action. The parish ought to pay all the expenses of the 
prosecution of the brothel-keeper. It will be at once seen, 
that the trouble and loss of time here required, would alone 
he sufficient to deter any individual from interfering, sepa- 
rate from the odium which such a proceeding would 
ineritably entail. It should be known^ also, that material 
evidence is the production of a witness who has had cri- 
minal intercourse in the house. No respectable individual 
would adopt this course himself, and every virtuous mind 
must entertain a repugnance to making a witness guilty, or 
even producing a guilty person to give evidence. These 
circumstances render the act inoperative, and it is rarely 
acted upon. I know a gentleman, in St. Martin's, who 
kwt much time and money in these prosecutions, and at 
fast reUnquished his efforts in disgust Thus it is appa- 
rent, that an alteration is requisite in this Act — I should 
say its total repeal, as far as regards brothels ; and a more 
ewy, simple, and efficient method adopted in its place. I 
would suggest that an Act of Parliament should be passed, 
founded upon the principle of summary jurisdiction, with 
an extension of the powers of the police and magistracy, 
giving to any person, whether parishioner or not, the right 
to complain to a magistrate of the existence of a brothel ; 
and that the evidence of tbe police and neighbours to the 
fiict, should be sufficient, without requiring a guilty witness 
to be produced, to authorise the magistrate to send the 
accused to prison for any term not exceeding six months ; 
leserving to himself the right, in the event of a very fla- 
grant case, to commit the offending party for trial as a 
£don. All the expenses to be paid by the county as in cases 
of felony. This would effectually check the evil, with but 
little trouble or expense. A system of harrassing might 
thus be kept up, the cases would obtain publicity in the 



806 PROSTITUTION IK LOIfDOir. 

police reports, the number of brothels be reduced, and 
deeds of infamy soon be suppressed. Every person food 
detected in using indecent incentives^ or selling indeeeot 
publications, or in any way promoting and enconngiDg 
prostitution or an illicit intercourse, should be punished « 
the brothel-keeper, or heavily fined. All tutors or serfant^ 
practising any means for the demoralization of either self 
should be punished in the same way as a oonfidentiii 
servant who had robbed his master, would be under the 
existing acts relative to felons. Much more might be nkl, 
but I think I have embodied, in my suggestions, all dut 
would be requisite. Such a law, as that I have alluded to^ 
would check vioe^ punish the perpetrators, and clear away 
the impediments to the successful efforts of education; 
and, remotely, abolish the necessity for penitentiaries, 
asylums, &c.'' 

I have next to notice the information very readily and 
politely supplied to me by Mr. Mayne, CommissicHier of 
the Metropolitan Police. 

My interview with him took place in September, 18S8, 
when I requested his replies to the preceding heads in thif 
chapter, and received the following: 

From all the information he had obtained from seven- 
teen inspectors of police and other sources, he fdt eon- 
vinced that the number of prostitutes in London and the 
surrounding districts, except the city, was under 7,000, 
the brothels were nine hundred and thirty-three, booses 
of ill-fame eight hundred and forty-eight, and lodgiiig- 
houses for prostitutes 1,554. In his opinion, there is no 
means of ascertaining the number of female servanti^ 
miUiners, and women in the middle and upper classes of 
society who might properly be classed with prostituteiy or 
the womoi who frequent theatres exdusively, barracks, 
ships, prisons, &c. 
The number of prostitutes taken into custody by the 



PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON. 907 

Bietropolitan police, from January, 1837, to January, 1838, 
was 3,103, but many of these had been repeatedly in cus- 
tody ; two hundred and ninety-six men and two hundred 
iDd eight women for indecently exposing the person ; six 
Cor assaults with intent to commit sodomy; thirteen for 
laiiilts with intent to commit ; two for extorting money 
under threats ; six for rape ; eighteen for assaults with 
intent to commit. 

Daring the year 1833, 3/4^7 prostitutes were charged 
Wore the police magistrates by the metropolitan police, 
of whom 2,259 were summarily convicted, and 1,168 dis- 
charged. 

Ages of criminals, — ^The ages of prostitutes will be 
£mnd in p. 160. 

For murder by concealing the births of infants : — One 
from the age of fifteen to twenty, one from twenty to 
twenty-five. 

For sodomy : — One male from twenty to twenty-five, 
me from thirty to forty ; assaults with intent, one from 
mexitj to twenty-five, one from thirty to forty ; extorting 
noney under threats, &c., one from twenty-five to thirty, 
hree from thirty to forty, two from forty to fifty, one from 
ifty to sixty. 

For rape: — One from fifteen to twenty, one from 
wenty to twenty-five, one from twenty-five to thirty, 
me from thirty to forty, and two from forty to fifty ; for 
itiaults with intent to commit, three from twenty to 
:wenty-five, seven from twenty-five to thirty, one from 
iiirty to forty, one from forty to fifty, one from fifty to 
nxty, two from sixty and upwards. 

For bestiality: — One from twenty-five to thirty, one 
bom thirty to forty, one from forty to fifty, one from sixty 
and upwards. 

For indecently exposing the person : — One from twenty- 



20S PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. 

fiire to thirty^ two from thirty to forty« and two froinfi>V 
to fifty. 

It appears by the Parliamentary Report of the MfltA- 
politan Police Offices, August, 1838, that there weie to 
forty houses in this metropolis engaged in the sale rf 
obscene books and prints ; and that these productionsweie 
introduced into schools, both male and female, by haidien 
and others bargaining with servants for the sale of old 
dothes, &c. The Police Commissioners recommended 
that the magistrates should have power to seize on all 
such works and engravings, wherever they are found, and 
to fine the possessors of them. According to the present 
Vagrant Act, exposure inside shop-windows does not war- 
rant any interference, and therefore the evil oontiDoes to 
prevail. The only mode of punishment at present is by 
an indictment at common law, which is a most tedious 
and expensive proceeding. 

Mr. Rowan, a Police Commissioner, gave the fdlowing 
meagre and singular evidence : " He was opposed to Ae 
interference of the force (police), under his control in 
bawdyAiouses, because such a power would be equal to 
Uoensing them." — Parliamentary Report an the Metr9^ 
politan Police, August, 1838. 

This is the gist of his evidence as published ; and every 
man who has a particle of common sense must be able to 
estimate its proper value. His competency as a polios 
commissioner must be apparent to all. 

On the same occasion, Mr. Wontner, the late secretary^ 
and now the honorary and efficient solicitor to that exs^" 
lent institution, the London Society for the PreventioD f^ 
Juvenile Prostitution, was of opinion that Mr. Comfltf®' 
sioner Rowan's police force should have a power to eo^ 
all infamous houses by an order of a magistrate ; and ^^^ 
all girls under the age of fifteen should be removed, ^ 



I PBOSTITUTION IN LONDON. 209 

tb^ evidence taken against the character of such houses 
tnd the keepers of them. He also stated that several 
homes were kept by the same two proprietors ; so that if 
the manager of a certain house was prosecuted, he could 
immediately abscond, and another take his place. 

He likewise proved, that the French brothel-keepers in 
this metropolis imported several girls of tender age, and 
le-shipped them after a certain time. 

In the opinion of this witness, magistrates ought to have 
authority over such houses ; and, when proved to be such, 
they ought to be at once shut up. 

The foregoing history of prostitution and all crimes 
connected with it in London affords ample data, on which 
to found a legislative enactment. The horrible system is 
rapidly advancing in all directions, and among every class 
of society, and is so subversive of morality and religion, as 
to arouse every good man and professor of Christianity 
to activity in the cause of virtue. It is, therefore, impe- 
'fttive upon every one who values the future well-being of 
lodety, the security of domestic happiness, the preserva- 
tion of Christianity and virtue, to raise his voice against 
the extent of immorality amongst us, and not to cease 
until that voice shall have reached the public, the legisla- 
ture, the government — ^nay, the throne itself, and until the 
object it advocates shall have been effected. 

*' I appeal," says Mr. Talbot, " to every virtuous, to every 
moral person, by that happiness which he enjoys, by that 
love be bears to his children, by every tie which should 
hind man to man, to lend a helping hand against the 
destroyer, against the wicked. I appeal to Christians, 
parents, brothers, and sisters, and all virtuous and good 
Dnen^ to co-operate with those who are strenuously endea- 
vouring to control and diminish licentiousness. 

^ Let all good citizens reflect on the amount of evil 
arising from this vice, the cruelties it entails on its victims ; 

p 



210 FBOeriTUTION IN LQIIDOir. 

let til leflect on their own happiness and on the 
of their children^ the safety of the social circle 
eternal destiny of souls ; and let them never : 
they have done something for^ or mainly contr 
the great and important work of moral regener&t 

In concluding this Chapter on Prostitution in 
I again acknowledge my great obligations to M 
for the varied important information which he 1 
me ; and I add my testimony in favour of the 
indefatigable perseverance^ the cool and solid j 
which he has displayed^ in carrying the laudable 
the truly excellent society of which he is the aecre 
effect. I have also to thank Mr. Mayne, Com 
of the Metropolitan Police, and Mr. Pritchard^ 
to the Society for the Suppression of Vice^ for th 
ness in affbrding me all the valuaUe informal 
possessed. T flatter myself with the hope^ that c 
co-operation ¥nll materially contribute to the imp 
of public morals^ not only at home^ but in the mc 
parts of the world. 

I have now given but a very imperfect accou 
actual state of licentiousness in this metropolis, as 
with which I have been supplied from different 
would occupy a large volume. Enough, howev 
trust, been recorded, to convince every rations 
that there is much need of more efficient legislati 
subject. '•' The collective wisdom of the natio: 
speedily interfere, and frame laws calculated for 
rection of the present state of public morals am 
There is every disposition to do so on the pa 
present constitutional and popular government- 
bourne administration, were not every possible 
impediment most foolishly thrown in their way 
opponents. But a much stronger power than < 
Faeb Press, will efiect the object so much dc 



PROSTITUTION IN LONDON. Sll 

every enlightened citizen. I most cheerfully commit the 
cause of virtue and morality to that great engine, and I 
fear not the result of its powerful exertion. 

I shall now proceed to place an account of prostitution 
in America before my readers ; and I have to acknowledge 
that I am also indebted for it to Mr. Talbot. 



212 



CHAPTER V. 



FROCTITUTION IN A3ffKRICA. 



The following account of prostitation in New York ^ 
given in an address ddivered by the Rev. Mr. M'DowaU, 
Chaplain to the New York Magdalen Asylum^ in May, 
1832, before a large meeting of ministers and others, as- 
sembled in the American Tract House from different and 
distant parts of the United States. He states that he and 
several other dei^ymen associated to estaUish Sabbadi 
Schools in notoriously licentious districts of their natite 
city. These labours brought the association into direct 
contact with profligates^ and attention was neoessaiily 
drawn to them, as most of the children came from the 
houses of such persons. 

There is a good deal of information given in the f(^ow- 
in^r narrative ; but still, however, much less than in the 
preceding chapters on Prostitution in London and Paik 
Nevertheless, the reader will find a multitude of curioni 
facts well worthy of his reflection. He will also find a 
great similarity, even an identity, between the states of 
licentiousness in the old and new worlds. 

I have only to remark, in conclusion, that the foUowiDg 
account is in the Rev. Mr. M'Dowal's language ; and I 
think it right to make this statement, as some of our me- 
dical reviewers would find fault with me, as they aremotf 
ready to do, with or without reason, had I ventured to 
employ Scriptural phrases. 

Effects of licentiousness in nations, — To my coiintrj- 
men at large I would say, the vices of the old world alt 
sapping the very foundations of our political existence^ flid 



: 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 213 

>mng the very life blood of our republic. Scarce a 
blows from the eastern hemisphere^ that wafts not to 
shores some contagion, more destructive in its ravages 
the dreaded cholera. Alreadv are the seeds of moral 
:tio. and moral disease deeply, widely sown. Our 
lie journals teem vnth catalogues of villainy^ crime^ 
murder^ that would but little more than find a parallel 
le records of France, England^ Italy, or Spain. And 
re is the Montesquieu of the age, to declare the in- 
ible consequences ? What statesman lifts his warning 
e, and marks a nation's sure decline, when lustful 
ions reign, and vice eats out the heart ? Name to me 
Qen nation in the whole history of man, whose vices 
intestine corruptions paved not her way to ruin. Tell 
t caused the world of old to be turned into a waste of 
T, and all flesh thereof to be destroyed.^ What laid 
id Sodom and Gromorrah beneath the brackish waves 
Ephaltes' sea? What laid the ruthless hand of deso- 
n on the lofty domes of Babylon and Nineveh, and 
ibed '^ Mene, Mene, Tekel," on the departing glory 
Ueyiia? Or, later stiU, — What hath obscured the 
ted learning and philosophy of ancient Greece, and 
ed down the vaunted institutions of collossal Rome ? 
ury^ vice, and licentiousness are conspicuous in their 
award history, and are engraven in livid characters, 
mr warning and instruction, on every memento of their 
yed grandeur and departed greatness. 
ook at the present tottering kingdoms of the earth ! 
sninate Italy, degenerate, superstitious Spain, convulsed 
ice, and writhing England. Read in their sickly 
ctB the sure efiects of national licentiousness and na- 
b1 vice— of legalised, customary lewdness and de- 
sbery. Would you follow up the odious detail, behold 
a alternately the prey of a ravenous, depraved, and 
fill priesthood, the footstools of gay, sensual, and lux- 



214 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

urious courts, — now the moon-eyed followers of mid 
ambition, and now the delighted slaves of corraptiDg 
pleasure, — to-day fighting in the cause of liberty, to- 
morrow cringing at a tyrant's footstool, riveting tber 
mental shackles, and drinking to the very dr^;8, the poi- 
soned chalice of debasing sensuality. 

We pronounce upon their public morals, their public 
vices, fashions, and amusements ; and while we point yoo 
to the puppet-shows, operas, and carnivals of Italy, tbe 
theatres and bull-fights of Spain, the lascivious dances^ 
licensed brothels, and public carousals of France, the 
gambling-houses, horse-racing, cock-fighting, baxing* 
matches, fashionable libertinism, and genteel prostitatioD 
of England, we would ask, is it longer a matter of wander 
that Italy is brought to kiss the toe of the mitred pontiff? 
Spain to light the fires of the inquisition ? France, gif, 
unthinking France, to be a moral deseit? And England, 
poor old England, our once honoured mother, is made to 
fatten a gormandizing, pompous, unwildly, and insatiate 
aristocracy and state-church ? 

Pursue the inquiry to whatever point of nicety, and yon 
but incontestably prove the position of Montesquieu, Uiii 
more free states (and we may add nations and kiiigdoiDi)^ 
have perished through corruption of morals^ than violatioii 
of laws. Deeply impressed with this important tmdi, I 
must urge, that we are in more danger, as a nation, froo 
the subversion of our morals, than from any other aoant, 
I feel it an imperious duty to bear my testimony, that «e 
are fast approximating the refined licentiousness of Eorope, 
and to raise my warning voice, feeble as it is, and mift 
the fate of nations gone before, hangs suspended o'er our 
heads. 

The evidence of history, and the facts disclosed by >n 
investigation of the state of general society, show tfait> 
whatever allowance is to be made for difference in the 



PBOSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 215 

mners, fashions^ customs, and institutions of different 
ies, similar vices of proportionate magnitude prevail in 
tem all ; and if every tenth female in cities is considered 
prostitute, as Colquhoun supposes, our country contains 
ithin the hosom of its cities 75,000 women, whose end is 
liter as wormwood, and sharp as a two-edged sword ; her 
Bet go down to death, her steps take hold on hell. As the 
rhirlwind passeth, so is the wicked no more ; for in ahout 
ive years they are carried to the grave, and their places 
re filled by a new class of unfortunate, guilty females. 
I'htts 15,000 are annually cut off, and more than 15,000 
nnoally prostituted. 

But the number of men who go after them straightway, 
8 oxen go to the slaughter, or as fools to the correction of 
be stocks, till darts strike through their liver, as a bird 
I8teth to the snare, not knowing that it is for their life, 
I five times as great. Indeed, they may be safely com- 
ated at 300,000 men. Nor do they all attain to a great 
JB, for the years of the wicked are shortened. They 
iat go in unto her mourn at the last, when their 
ish and their body are consumed. For she hath cast 
>wn many wounded ; yea, many strong men have been 
tin by her. Her house is the way to hell, going down 
the chambers of death. For her house inclineth unto 
ath^ and her paths unto the dead. None that go unto 
r return again ; neither take they hold of the paths of 
s. But he knoweth not that the dead are there, and 
It her guests are in the depths of hell. Admitting that 
^000 men yearly find a premature grave by licentious- 
n (and what intelligent man will fix the number at a 
wer estimate), and that 15,000 and upwards are annually 
xoduced into the paths of uncleanness, we have the 
palling sum of 30,000 souls sinking every year into the 
zib, and a like number annually abandoning themselves. 



216 FMMMiitn oar nr axeriga. 

Avm^tr of prottiimieg in New York, — ^The extent d 
proedtadoa in diis city^ as diowii by fketB already def^ 
loped during our labours, and the alarming increaae of Ae 
unhappy Ticdms of sedaction among as, of wbidi iR 
haTe the most demoDstratiTe eridenoe, so far exceed aD 
our own prerioos cakoktioDs, that we are prepared to 
anticipate sceptidsra and incrednlity in others. Indeed, 
enoogfa is in oar possessioD to cause a thrill of horror to be 
felt by every Tirtaoos man and woman in the community, 
soch as was never produced by any esepage of vice wMdi 
has ever met the public eye. Did not prudence and deli- 
cacy forbid the di^;usting detail of what has been broa|^t 
to our knowledge thus early in the history of this society, 
every parent would tremble for the safety of his sons u 
well as his daughters^ and we could a tale disclose wfaid) 
would cause the blood to '' chill within the veins^ and eadi 
particular hair to stand erect, like quills upon the fietfoi 
porcupine." Bat we shall forbear, and only set forth 
those general facts which plead for the necessity of ex- 
tensive and efficient efforts in behalf of those unhappy 
females, for whose reformation and salvation the Nev 
York Magdalen Society is engaged. 

Firsts then, we would present the fact, that we hive 
satisfactorily ascertained that the number of females in 
this city, who abandon themselves to prostitution, is not 
less than 10,000 ! The data on which this estimate is 
founded, are, first, the opinion of the alderman, wbotf 
experience and observation for several years past, as con- 
missioner at Bellevue, enabled him to judge very aoco- 
rately, and from whom we learned, in the commenoemeot 
of our labours, what we then thought improbable, tlut 
there were ten thousand harlots in this city, Butaltiuwgh 
we then judged that the number was overrated, we ve 
driven to the painful admission, that his estimate was just) 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. SI 7 

&om our own observation in the partial census we have 
attempted. 

We have the names^ street^ and numbers of the houses 
of ill fame in this city^ notoriously inhabited by abandoned 
women ; and also the houses of assignation. Hence our 
opportunity of judging of the extent of prostitution in the 
dty is now by no means limited ; and we are satisfied we 
do not exaggerate when we repeat, that there are now ten 
thousand girls and women in the city of New York, who 
five by public and promiscuous prostitution. Besides 
these, we have the clearest evidence, that there are hun- 
dreds of private harlots and kept misses^ many of whom 
keep up a show of industry as domestics, seamstresses, 
nurses, &c., in the most respectable families, and throng 
the houses of assignation every night. Although we have 
no means of ascertaining the number of these, yet enough 
has been learned from the facts already developed, to con- 
fince us, that the aggregate of these is alarmingly great, 
perhaps little behind the proportion of the city of London, 
whose police reports assert, on the authority of accurate 
researches, that the number of private prostitutes in that 
city is fully equal to the number of public harlots. This 
is a most appalling picture of moral degradation, and we 
forbear to dwell upon so painful and mortifying conclu- 
sions as those, to which this view of the subject would 
Impel us. We cannot forget, however, that the Rev. 
Mr. Stafford, formerly employed as a missionary among 
Ae depraved population of our city, published his con- 
Tiction, after careful investigation of this subject, that 
iStkere were 15,000 abandoned females in this city (New 
York), and our population, permanent and transient, was 
then one-third less than it is now. 

As, however, we would not add one shade to the dark 
picture of our city's pollution, we shall assume it as a fact 
that there are ten thousand only of these lewd women in 



218 PROSTITUTION IN AHERIOA. 

New York ; and we do so^ because we had rather under- 
rate the aggregate than augment it. 

Age9 — Classification if prostitutes — Among these there 
are girls of fourteen^ thirteen^ and even twelve years of 
age^ in incredible numbers^ such as the House of Refuge 
has rescued, although that spacious institution would DOt 
hold all such, could they be sent there. Some of these, it 
is revolting to human nature to relate, are devoted to pros- 
titution thus early in life by their own mothers^ either in 
their own houses kept as brothels, or placed by these un<' 
natural monsters in female form, in the houses kept by 
others. 

Causes af prostitution, — Besides these, many of them 
are the daughters of the wealthy, respectable, and pious 
citizens of our own and other states^ seduced from thai 
homes by the villains who infest the community, preying 
upon female innocence, and succeeding in their diabolical 
purpose, either by promises of marriage, or, after deceiving 
them into a brothel, by the commission of a rape, often 
first depriving the victims of their lust of their reason, by 
stupefying drugs kept in these dens of iniquity for the 
purpose. Individual cases of each of these descriptioDS 
are known to the society, in which the unhappy girl has 
been kept imprisoned for weeks, until all hope of escape 
from infamy was lost, and she at last gave herself up to 
intemperance and crime. 

Among these, are very many daughters of poor parent^ 
and especially widowed mothers, whose necessities com- 
pelled them to seek employment as domestics. For sadi| 
especially the young and inexperienced, the keepers of 
these brothels are eagerly seeking in the character of pro- 
curesses ; and soon after hiring them as servants, they are 
sent into a room with some man, or rather monster in 
human shape, and compelled to submit to his vile parpose, 
for which the procuress is liberaUy paid. The poor girl 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 219 

ow finds herself ruined, and is presently seduced to con- 
jnt to a life of infamy, by the promise of plenty of 
loney, fine clothes, &c., and all is lost. Numbers of 
lese cases have already come under our observation, in 
hich women were thus the active ageats in effecting the 
lin of the young and unwary of their own sex. 
Great numbers of them have been married to drunken 
osbands, brought to this city, far from their homes and 
iends, and here abandoned with one or more children, 
erhaps shockingly diseased, and left to starve, or provide 
>r themselves. Without friends, money, or character, 
ley are soon found by some of those who prowl about 
or such prey ; their children die from neglect or cruelty, 
•r perhaps are sent to the almshouse, while the mothers 
;ive themselves up to guilt and infamy. 

But we will not affect to conceal that hundreds, perhaps 
housands of them, are the daughters of the ignorant, de- 
nraved, and vicious part of our population, trained up 
irithout culture of any kind, amidst the contagion of evil 
aLample, and enter upon a life of prostitution for the gra- 
ification of their unbridled passions, and become harlots 
iltogether by choice. These have a short career, gene- 
rally dying of the effects of intemperance and pollution, 
lOon after entering upon this road to ruin. 

Without attempting to protract these loathsome details, 
jt offering comment which we deem unnecessary, we 
would here present the result of our observation, in refer- 
ence to the effects of this course of life upon the wretched 
females themselves. Soon after they begin their vicious 
indulgence, in a drunken frolic, at the dance-house, or 
the theatre, or in the street, they become involved in 
riotous conduct, are arrested and sent to the watchhouse, 
whence they are committed to the Penitentiary for sixty 
days. This penance is most generally unproductive, for 
on their discharge they are eagerly sought for by the 



930 PB06TITUTI0N IN AMERICA. 

fonner companions of their guilty and return to theii 
crimes. Soon they are overtaken by that disease^ the ju- 
dicial visitation of Heaven for the sin of undeanness, and 
are presently found in the Almshouse Hospital^ where, 
for weeks together^ the deaths among them are said to 
average nearly one every day. Indeed it is evident in 
this city^ as elsewhere long since shown, that among thott 
who commence a life of prostitution early, from three to 
five years is the average period of their existence; for 
intemperance and pollution rapidly hurry them into the 
grave^ a signal proof of the declaration^ **' that the wicked 
shall not live out half their days." 

Now^ in view of these melancholy truths^ as painful to 
rdate as they are to hear, and presenting a portrait of 
moral death, amidst the blaze of Gospel hght with whidi 
our dty is favoured^ is there not enough to awaken com- 
passion and zeal in the heart of every individual who fean 
Grod and loves his neighbour ; compassion to snatch the 
wretched victims of vice from the sorrows they are pre- 
paring for themselves; and xeal, to step^ as it were^ be- 
tween the hving and the dead, to stay the plague wfaidi 
assails the very vitals of society ? 

It is scarcely necessary to declare^ so well known is the 
fact, that in this vast city^ multitudes of young creatures 
are continually deluded, inveigled^ enticed^ or surprised 
into the path of ruin, by means of the vilest artifices, of 
whom it may truly be said, in the language of Dr. John- 
son, that their wretched condition *' is as much their mtf- 
fortune as their fault," It is a lamentable fact, that men 
are the original cause of the evil complained of; yet it is 
but too true, that women take their revenge a hundred 
fold. Seductions of females amongst us are often attoided 
with peculiar aggravations, and the abandoned of both 
sexes are reciprocally the temptera of the virtuous. But 
it is clearly ascertained, that bad women multiply tfa* 



PB06TITUTI0N IN AMERICA. 221 

eduction of heedless youth, more rapidly than bad men 
educe modest women. A few of these courtezans suffice 
3 corrupt whole cities ; and there can be no doubt that 
ome insinuating prostitutes have initiated more young 
len into these destructive ways, than the most abandoned 
ikes have debauched virgins during their whole lives. 
k> that, though the latter deserve execration and great 
everity, yet the grand effort of those who would promote 
eformation, should be directed to arresting, and, if pos- 
ible, reclaiming, those wretched females, who are the pest 
nd nuisance of society, though equally the objects of our 
lom passion and abhorrence. 

In a former part of this report, we have hinted at the 
ruelty with which very many of these guilty and unfor- 
unate girls are treated, by those in whose houses they are 
:ept, in a state worse than Algerine slavery. In many of 
he houses, some broken-down rake is kept by the women 
irho board the girls, in the double capacity of pimp and 
Nilly, or house-dog. When any benevolent person visits 
he house for the purpose of persuading the females to 
eave their sinful courses, this vagabond interferes, and 
dther compels the visitor to leave the house, or forcibly 
Donveys the girls into another apartment. If a girl shows 
i desire to reform, drugs are given her in her drink to 
stapify her senses, and she is often cruelly beaten by this 
monster in the form of a man. 

Another means practised by the wretches who keep 
many of these houses of ill-fame to retain the girls whose 
rain their arts have accomplished, is to own the clothes 
they wear, and when one wishes to go, she has no clothes ; 
and even when they have clothes of their own, their mis- 
tresses will often forcibly detain them under the pretext of 
debt, numerous instances of which have come to our know- 
ledge. When, as is often the case, the clothes worn by the 
girls belong to the keeper of the house, the wages of their 



222 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

iniquity is also withheld from them, they reoeiYing only 
their boards and the liquor^ which is freely given^ to make 
them contented with their cruel bondage. 

Many of these houses are provided throughout ?rith 
hired furniture, and often of an el^ant kind. We have 
the names and residence of men in this city^ who follow 
this low business^ hiring out fximiture by the week, at ex- 
travagant prices, to such houses. 

Another fact, as sustained by abundant proof in our 
possession, and one in whidi every class of the communitj 
is interested, is, that there are hundreds, if not thousands, 
of female domestics in this city, who serve in respectable 
families, who visit the houses of assignation at convenient 
intervals, sometimes nightly, and by returning in tolerable 
season, escape detection by a lie in their mouths, and 
mingle with the daughters in the families where ihey live, 
passing for virtuous women. One of these, who has for- 
saken her evil ways, states that she met one man every 
Tuesday night, and another every Friday night, for months 
together, without missing a single night, and without ever 
inearring suspicion. 

I knew another case. A widow had two children. She 
was a cook, and received six doUars a month for her 8e^ 
vices. The board of her two children cost eight dollana 
month. She went to a house of ill-fame, received by vice 
the additional means necessary to board her children and 
to clothe herself. She was received into the New YoA 
Magdalen Asylum, and her children wefe sent to the alms- 
house. Again she abandoned herself to vice, and cared BO 
more for her httle ones. 

I know two respectable females, sisters, who have dili- 
gently sewed on fine linen since the year 1822, and Aejr 
conjointly made about one hundred dollars a year. The 
rent of their dwelling costs, perhaps, sixty-five doUan a 
year. On a certain occasion they were sent for by a mi- 



PBOSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 223 

{ter's "wife, to sew for her, but were informed that they 
1st do it for less than the regular price, or others would 
employed. " Oh ! Mr. M*Dowall/* said one of them to 
i, *^ the face of the poor is ground to the earth. Poor 
Dales cannot procure for their labour the means of sub- 
tence^ and they turn out on the town to get food, and 
ment, and lodgings." Thus, iu the anguish of her heart, 
>ke a distressed, but virtuous seamstress. 
A gentleman (!) in this city (New York), accustomed to 
it a house of ill-fame, told the procuress, that he wished 
r to obtain for him a girl who had never been seduced, 
e promised to do so, and inform him when she sue- 
sded. After a few weeks, one Sabbath evening, he 
^▼ed a note from the procuress, informing him that 
person had been obtained. He repaired to the house 
d to the chamber where the girl was. There he found 
I own daughter, a lovely girl, in the morning of life, 
orror-struck, he exclaimed, " Good heavens ! my daugh- 
•, is this you ? How came you here ?" '' I came to see 
ase paintings," said she : " how came you here. Pa ?" 
5 took her in his carriage, and returned home. On 
sir way home, he inquired by what art she had been 
tnyed into that house. '' Why," said she, " the lady 
lo owns the house, has for several Sabbaths taken a 
w near ours at the church. On the first Sabbath, she 
wed to me ; on the next she spoke, and inquired re- 
ecting my health. After a few more Sabbaths, she con- 
ned freely with me, and asked me if I was fond of 
hitings. Having replied in the affirmative, she invited 
$ to ride home with her at some future period, and see 
x>llection she had. To-day she came with her carriage, 
d renewed the request. I went; and was amusing my- 
£ with the paintings when you came in." The poor girl 
i not yet know the character of the house, nor the de- 



294 PROSTITUTION IN AHERICA. 

struction from which she had heen rescued by an adultertnu 
father. 

Whence are these females ? The country has a deep 
interest in the matter. About four-fifths of each city's 
profligates, are from the interior towns of its own and the 
neighbouring states and foreign countries^ as is clearly 
dbown by this fact: — Of sixty-seven women received into 
the New York Magdalen Asylum, fourteen were natives 
of New York city, fourteen were natives of the interior 
towns of this state, eighteen were natives of the circumja- 
cent states in the following proportions : — ^four from New 
Jersey, four from Pennsylvania, three from Massachu- 
setts, three from Connecticut, two from Rhode Island, one 
from Maryland, one from Virginia, and twenty-one were 
natives of foreign countries in the following proportions : 
— twelve from Ireland, four from England, one from 
Scotland, one from France, one from Germany, one from 
Nova Scotia, and one from Canada. 

Houses of prostitution, — One gentleman in this city 
has a list of two hundred and twenty brothels in New 
York. Forty-eight, or about one-fifth of them, are places 
of assignation : one hundred and seventy-two are boarding 
houses, in which there are seven hundred women. Another 
gentleman has a list, on which there are nearly three 
hundred houses. He thinks he is able to complete it at 
four hundred ; and it is my opinion that he can do it. I 
know houses of ill-fame in this city, which are on neithtf 
of those lists. On the supposition, then, that there are 
five hundred houses of this description in New York, (and 
I believe that that is as few as there are), we should have 
a line of houses, were they all set on one side of Broadway, 
reaching from its beginning to its end, a distance of about 
two and a half miles. But it is not material, whether there 
are one hundred houses, or five hundred, or one thousand. 



since the existence of such houses is not denied. From 
the very nature of the case it is almost, or quite, impossihle 
to institute so rigid a moral police as to detect every house 
of the kind. That these houses are numerous, will not be 
disputed by ikose who are quali^ed to express an opinion 
on the subject. 

These two hundred and twenty (or five hundred) houses 
are located not in one neighbourhood, but are dispersed 
through the city. 

Assignation honisBir. — Are buildings whose rooms are 
fitted to lodge, for the night, or an hour, any lewd man 
and woman who go there and pay one dollar for a little 
while, or two dollars for the night* Sometimes a house 
cam be Ibund where the chargei» are one half less. These 
houses are seldom occupied by more than one or two per- 
sons; and that person is sometimes a man. To these 
private places, genteel in their outward appearance, 
resort, by day and by night, men and boys, girls and 
women, of all ages and colours, married and single, to 
commit fornication. The amount of widcedness com-^ 
mitted in assignation houses, is not easily ascertained. It 
is enormous, as the following fact shows. Some years 
since, a young female was decoyed into one of them by a 
base fellow, who committed violence upon her person. The 
inistress was indicted, and sentenced to six months' impri-^ 
sonraent in the city penitentiary for keeping the establish* 
ment. To keep her house open while she was in the 
prison, a person was hired by her to live in it. De Witt 
Clinton being governor of the state, a lawyer unda'took to 
procure from him a pardon for her, and obtained it forty 
days before the six months expired. Thi» pardon cost her 
1,4^0 dollars. That money was made at h^ house while 
she was in the penitentiary; and her visitors paid but 
fifty cents a pair for an hour's entertainment, or one dollar 
for an evening's accommodation. There were, thereforcji 



826 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

duriug ope hundred and forty-two days, 1^450 pairs lodged 
all night in her house^ or 2,900 pairs for an hour at a time ; 
that is^ ten couple a nighty or twenty couple for a shorter 
period, giving for the year 3,650 night's lodging, or 7^0 
for a less time. This is hut one house. On the list of the 
gentleman to whom I alluded, there areforty-dght houses 
of this class. And my opinion is, that there are not less 
than one hundred in the city. 

Accurate calculations cannot he made ; hut though there 
is something indefinite ahout the whole matter, enough is 
known to prove, that in these assignation houses is com** 
mitted an enormous amount of impurity. A pure God 
looks with ahhorrence upon it. The tires of his wrath 
will be kindled against the polluted despisers of his law^ 
f' Thou shalt not commit adultery." 

Boarding houses. — On the list of two and twenty bro- 
thels, one hundred and seventy-two are kept to board 
ballots. If there are five hundred brothels in the city) 
then about four hundred of them are boarding-houses for 
women. There are usually from five to ten females in 
each house. In some houses there are more, in others less. 
In the one hundred and seventy-two houses there were 
about seven hundred prostitutes. If there are in the dty 
four hundred boarding-houses, on an average having only 
five boarders, there are 2,000 female fi^es in them. To 
these add those who visit houses of assignation, and say 
whether the Magdalen Report has not some plausibility of 
truth in its statement, that '^ the number of females in this 
city who abandon themselves to prostitution, is not less ditn 
10,000 ? " And on the Magdalen Committee which issued 
it, there were two distinguished physicians in extensive 
practice in New York. 

Some of these houses are technically called ^^ genieel,'* 
and are locked up, and none but gentlemen are admitted 
into them. The others are the low hovels, where admis^ 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA* 227 

sion is given to all classes, even to the off-scouring of 
almshouses, hospitals, prisons^ and nations. 

Men (rakes) board in these houses. Each house usually 
has one man, and some have three or four. When there is 
bat one man the mistress keeps him. When there are 
mpre, they are kept in part, or wholly, by the girls. They 
are young men ; and some of them are said to be the sons 
of some of the first families in the city and country. I 
have seen men there who had received a collegiate educa- 
tion. Indeed, wholesale merchants have become panders 
in a brothel, and their children died in an almshouse. 
Disgraced and impoverished by profligacy, gambling, 
theatre-going, and intemperance, their relatives disowned 
and cast them off. Idle, dissipated, without character, 
and without friends, they are compelled to steal, and to be 
the pimps of harlots, who board and clothe them in the 
finest broad cloth, furnish them with pocket-money, and 
s^id them to associate with their former companions, and 
to mingle in society with merchants, and clerks, and gen* 
ttemen's sons, and boarders at public houses, and with 
i^xirtsmen, and gamblers, at gambling^houses, with men at 
the theatre, circus, nine-pin alley, roulette-table, porter- 
houses, and other places of resort. 
. It is the business of these men to seduce other men from 
virtue, and to conduct them to their mistresses, or to the 
girls they board. 

Aside from slothfulness and a love of vice, a kind of 
Beoessity growing out of their situation and loss of self- 
respect, urges them to pursue this course. The community 
have no confidence in them, and their spirits are so broken, 
that they cannot summon the resolution required to free 
themselves fiom their horrid state. 

ImmeasuraUe is the pernicious influence of these men. 
Polished in their manners, easy and agreeable in their con- 
versation, the unwary by them are often deceived an4 

q2 



9S9 PROSTITUTION IIT AMERICA. 

beguiled; and led to ruin. Associated with these arenome 
young men possessing splendid fortunes^ and they sleep 
not except they ha?e done mischief^ and their sleep is taken 
sway unless they cause some to fall. They eat the bre*l 
of wickedness, and drink the wine of Tiolence. They 
associate troops of poorer youth with them, and pay all the 
expenses of riotous Uving. By means of whorish womea 
they are brought to a piece of bread, and get a wound 
and dishonour — a reproach that shall not be wiped away* 
The blacklegs, knucklers, and gamblers, either associate 
with, or belong to this class of persons. 

In the lowest houses, the petty thieves of the city uni- 
formly mingle with the women there. '* Lbveculls" iff 
the familiar name the women giro them. These men steal 
for a living. I'heir booty is sometimes divided with the 
women. They also act as house-guards, performing the 
office of mastiffs. They beat the womev, and often abuse 
those who enter their dweUings to rescue die females* 
Here the desperadoes of society meet. 

Corruption of ckitdren — necessity of maternal vigi" 
hnce. — ^A multitude of children are in the brothels. Pa- 
rents with large families, widows with several little one» 
around them, unmarried women with one child, either kee|^ 
such houses or board m them. Orphans are sometimes 
taken by the bawds ttitd reared to puberty. In three 
minutes, on one Sabbath-day, I counted 111 children 
playing in the streets, running through one of the nost 
infamous parts of the dty. These fittle ones came out ef 
the nests of vice, and the houses adjacent to them. Thou- 
sands of children in this dty daOy witness the rmpb^ 
degrading scenes. They eat, they drink, they conver8e,they 
sleep with the profligate, and see, and hear, and practise 
die vilest vices. The mass of them probably do know and 
not know, that Ucentiousness is sin. Girls and boys not 
deven years old are contaminated. The records of the 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA* S39 

House of Refuge will probablf place this fact beyond a 
doubt Cases have occurred in a public hospital in this 
city^ which render the assertion indisputable. Minute 
observation made in some of our streets, will convince any 
man that it is true. 

Some children in some of the public schools, are gathered 
Ofut of these houses. Several schools are located in the 
most poUuted neighbourhoods of the city. The scholars 
pass by many of those places. Some of the boys out of 
vicious fam^es play in ihe park, and in other open squares. 
In the schools, and in the parks, and in the streets, the 
childreB converse about the common occurrences and busi- 
ness in these dens. Children passing from school often 
stop and look in at the windows and doors, and see, and 
listen, and converse with the little girls and boys there, and 
then with one another, about the things they saw and 
heard at these doors and windows. 

These children mingle with other children, and tell 
them all they know, and these communicate it to others, 
and thus this polluted intelligence passes from child to 
diild, until it often reaches the nurseries of- the rich and 
|he pious, and pollutes their imaginations, and poisons 
their moral feelings. And yet parents, whom God com- 
mands diligently to instruct their children in all things 
contained in his word, feel and say, that children ought not 
to receive any instruction on this subject But Solomon 
called his son to the window and showed him a harlot in 
the street, and informed him how she seduced the youth 
near her. He showed his son the harlot leading the young 
man off to her chamber. Then he tells his son the conse- 
quences, and leaves the whole matter to press on the mind 
of his child, and declares that through knowledge his son 
should be saved. 

There is another thing which mothers must look at until 
their hearts ache, and their hands and prayers remove it 



^0 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

Yes, mothers, you must know that there are thousands of 
children in this city, growing up to manhood and to 
womanhood in, or in the vicinity and under the influence 
of, places given up to every form of iniquity. Gideon Lee, 
Esq. said, (as may he seen hy a document published by tiie 
New- York Society for the promotion of knowledge and 
industry), that there are from 10,000 to 13,000 children 
in this city who do not, though of proper ages, attend 
public schools, and these, in the main, grow up in igno- 
rance and vice. Most of them live in, or near abandoned 
parts of the city. They see, and hear of, and practise the 
sin, or daily mingle in play and social intercourse, with 
polluted children and youd) giving them lessons. Lode at 
the fact, that so many are growing up under this corrupt 
influence, and reflect that each one of these may be sup- 
posed to associate with at least one other child from other 
parts of the dty, and we have an aggregate of nearly 
80,000 city youth contaminated by hcentiousness. And 
where is the child, thus exposed, that can escape the stain ? 

Why, I once went into a New York Sabbath scho(d-#pom, 
connected with one of our richest and most respectable 
congregations, and there saw, upon the walls, and cut into 
the plaster, engravings of the most licentious tendency. 
With these characters in and on the walls of that nxmii 
the teachers and the scholars pursued the business of liie 
school. Ought not these facts to be exposed? Ought 
they not to be known ; first, that those children which are 
comparatively pure, may be preserved from a further 
d^radation ; and secondly, that combined and powerftd 
'^ action against the prevailing licentiousness of the day/ 
may be put forth to rescue degraded children, living in 
brothels ? 

I wish to call the attention of mothers to this subject. 
Facts might be stated. The son of a minister is the ruined 
monument of this iniquity. The daughter of a minister 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 931 

recently died a victim to licentiousness. The daughter of 
another minister fell into the sin, and then seduced her own 
sister. The daughter of a third minister kept a house of 
ill-fame. The son of an elder came to the city, was led 
astray by corrupt youth, and is now an outcast and a vaga- 
bond. Cases might be multiplied ; but enough are given 
to show, that the security of virtuous children requires 
that this vice should be exposed. And without its expo- 
sure, there is no hope that means will be used to rescue the 
vicious. Wherefore, I believe the diffusion of light on the 
subject is indispensable. 

Their eharacter, — The character of the abandoned is 
darker than the worst portrait the ablest pen can draft. 
Their imaginations are defiled, and their minds filled with 
the vilest affections and the deadliest passions. Their 
manners, fashions, language, and actions are degrading 
and mortal. In the arts and habitual practice of deceiving, 
they are skilled to a degree that is almost incredible. For 
lying, they are notorious. Very seldom are they known 
by their real names. They are malevolent, cruel, and 
revengeful to a degree, that often shocks those who witness 
their conduct. ^' They are vnthout excuse, because that 
when they knew God they glorified him not as God, uei- 
Uier were thankful, but became vain in their imaginations, 
and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing them- 
selves to be wise, they became fools; and changed the 
glory of the uncorruptible Go*d into an image made like to 
corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and 
creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to 
tincleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to 
dishonour their own bodies between themselves; who 
changed the truth of God into a lie, and wcH'shipped and 
served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed 
for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto 
vile affections^ For even their wom^ <lid change the 



239 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

natural use into that which is against nature : And like- 
vrise also &e men^ leaving the natural use of the women, 
burned in their hist one toward another ; men with men 
working that which is unseemly^ and receiving in them* 
selves that recompense of their error which was meet. 
And even as they did not like to retain God in their 
knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do 
those things which are not convenient : Being filled with 
all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness 
maliciousness ; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, ma* 
lignity ; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, 
proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to 
parents, without understanding, covenant-breakers, without 
natural affection, implacable, unmerciful : Who, knowing 
the judgment of God, that they which commit sueh things 
are worthy of death ; not only do the same, but hare 
pleasure in them that do them." 

The Sabbath-day profaned^— But to dwell no longeron 
the comlnnation of wickedness in their character, single 
out for observation the Sabbath-day, and see how efficient 
is the ministry of hell in the temples of 'perdition, when 
the gospel of mercy is speaking in the churches. At the 
very hour in the morning, afternoon, and evening of every 
Lord's-day, when the people of God assemble for religious 
worship, then in an especial manner do the children of the 
wicked one meet in troops at harlots' houses. At night, 
these houses are thronged with men and boys. But on 
the Sabbath-day and evening they are filled to overflowii^. 
Between Saturday night and Monday morning there is 
more iniquity committed in these dens, than in any other 
two, or perhaps four, days of the week. On the Sabbath- 
day the rooms are often so filled with visitors that there is 
no place for them to sit down ; and on that account, many 
are refused admission at the doors. One Sabbath evening, 
in half-an-hour, I counted fifteen men who entered and 



PROSTITUTION IN AMEBIOA. 933 

eleven who came out of one house in which there were but 
six or seven women ; and during that same half-hour, I 
saw several troops, of from three to seven men in each 
troop, sent off from another house but two doors distant 
from it, because, as the mistress, who looked out at the 
window, said, the house was so full that they could not 
then be received, but should be admitted if they would 
return in fifteen or twenty minutes. Such occurrences are 
not rare ; they happen every week, not at every house, 
bat at several of them. 

Parties of pleasure are made up of these persons, who 
visit plaees of public resort, as gardens, parks, open 
squares, &c., and ride into the suburbs of the city, and 
into the country, in gigs, chaises and steam-boats. Men 
from the country often come to the city and spend the 
Sabbath in these seats of Satan. Remind them that they 
must come to judgment, and immediately they attack the 
preacher as a conspirator against the liberty and independ* 
ence of the country, as one of the party attempting to 
unite church and state^ to promote priestcraft, and the like. 
Thus it is, that these men do not remember the Sabbath- 
day, to keep it holy. 

Munier committed, — The commissi(m of most murders 
is connected vidth, or results directly from the breach of the 
seventh commandment A multitude of cases is on record 
in the Bible. Hamor, and Shechem, and all the males in 
their city were slain in consequence of Dinah's being dis- 
honoured. Because Amnon defiled his sister Tamar, 
Absalom slew hinu Uriah was put in the hottest part of 
the battle, and left there to be slain, that David might con- 
ceal his infamous crime. Herod cut off the head of John 
the Baptist, to appease the malice of the woman mih whom 
it was unlawful for that prince to live. The history of the 
world is replete with blood, shed by reason of adultery. 
Wars have been waged by it ; duels have been fought ; 



234 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

assassinations committed; poisons given, and abortions 
effected. 

So many persons die in tbe places of abandonment, and 
their remains are hurried to tbe grave so rapidly, and so 
little investigation of the causes of their deaths is made, 
that nothing definite and satisfactory can be said sbout the 
means by which they come to their end. Intemperance, 
consumption, or an inflammation of the bowels, stomach, 
or liver, or some other disease is said to have destroyed the 
person ; and further inquiries are not made. About two 
years since, I saw a dead man in one of these places. The 
Women said that on the previous evemng there was fight* 
!i^ in the room, and that fair play had not been shown to 
the man. Before I left the house, an officer came to it^ 
inquired the name, age, time, and cause of his death, and 
then left the place, saying, that the corpse should be re-* 
moved in an hour. In the fall of 1830, a young man went 
to one of these houses in Orange-street to spend the even- 
ing, and at midnight the men of the bouse returned home 
from a thieving rout, and robbed the youth of his watdi, 
money, and clothes, and blindfolded him and beat him till 
blood flowed freely. He fell ou the floor, and on it lay 
nearly naked and motionless. The men carried him away. 
In the fight, a wound was inflicted on the head of the mis- 
tress, who took refuge in the New York Magdalen Asy- 
lum, whence she went on the town again, and thence to 
prison. 

Frightful visions disturbed her repose in the Asylum. 
She seemed, in her sleep, to see a man covered in blood, 
and with his throat cut. Quietude at night but few of the 
inmates of the Asylum enjoyed. Fear, deep and powerful, 
shook each one, and some of them could not rest at aU. 
One woman confessed that she had been the cause of the 
death of two or three grown persons. The consciousness 
of having shed blood troubled them. 



PROSTITUTION IK AMERICA. 235 

Suicide, — Life is a burden to these wretched women. 
Their hopes of happiness and respectability in life are 
blasted. Deaths they welcome as the harbinger of rest. 
The majority of them have repeatedly and voluntarily 
taken poison^ but its effects, in many instances, have been 
obviated by medical aid timely called to their relief. One 
fatal case I shall never forget. It was that of a young 
female, whose funeral services I was requested to perform. 
As I entered her room, filled with degraded persons, black 
blood dropped from her coffin. Its lid was fastened, and 
the persons present said, that the corpse had a terrific ap^ 
pearance, and could not be shown to any individual* 
Thus, in a brothel, perished by her own hand a woman 
seduced to ignoble living by a man respected in the com- 
munity. The multitude of cases of this description that 
have come to my knowledge, induce me to believe that 
nearly one hundred suicides a-year are effected among 
them in this city. It is true, that the city register of deaths 
gives few or no accounts of them. Ignorance of the cases, 
or policy, may be the reason. 

Infanticide. — Thousands of children are murdered. 
Dead infants are frequently found ; sometimes in privies, 
wells, sewers, ponds, docks^ streets, open fields, and in 
other places And the criminal records of the country 
prove the fact, that mothers have slain their recently bom 
infants ; and reclaimed prostitutes have stated, that they 
have done the criminal deed* One of them told me, that 
she had destroyed five of her own offspring. Another 
said that she had destroyed three, and several admitted 
that they had individually put one to death. Will not 
blood be found in the hands of many a parent ( Have no 
maiden mothers laid violent hands, on the fruits of illicit 
love ? Are fathers guiltless in this matter ? Tales that 
would make men's ears tingle can be told. Do men offer 
physicians large sums of money to prevent propagation ? 



2S6 PROgTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

A man, no matter where, called on a doctor, and proffered 
five hundred dollars for the accomplishment of such a 
deed ; but that physician was an honourable man, and he 
told the gentleman that if the child was not bom, he 
would expose the father. The child was born, but not 
before its parents were married. 

Abortions. — There are mothers who, in innumerable 
instances, resort to unnatural means to destroy those whom 
they are about to bring into being. To conceal from the 
community their shame, or to free themselves from the 
anxiety, expense, and labour of rearing their children, this 
crime is committed, and the accusation of guilty consci- 
ences is hushed by persuading themselves that it is better 
fbr their offspring to die thus early, than to be bom to an 
inheritance of shame and poverty. Severe legislative enact- 
ments exist against those who administer dmgs to do this 
wicked work. But the thing is daily done in defiance of 
penalties. And advertisements of medicinal preparations 
recommended as *' a complete preventive of propagation," 
are circulated in this city to let persons know how and 
where the antidote to pregnancy may be had. The fact 
that such a medicine is styled a ^^ patent," and has an 
agent, to be found at a given place, is evidence of the 
fact, that abortions are extensively effected. Indeed, it is 
reported by reformed women, that in some houses of pros- 
titution, it is a common practice every three months, to use 
means preventive of progeny. 

The most serious evils usually come upon those guilty 
Ivretches, who dare to commit this unnatural and horrible 
crime. Inflammation ensues, and where death does not 
gpeedily follow, trains of disease often arise and affect the 
culprits, until they are laid in the grave. 

Intemperance. — Intemperance and prostitution, like the 
heart, its arteries, and veins, are inseparably connected. 
The Bible regards the vices of drunkenness and adultery 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 237 

as united. ^^ Look not thou upon the wine when it is red — 
thine eyes shall behold strange women." — Prov. xxiii. 31, 
33. '^ When I had fed them to the full^ they then committed 
adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the har^ 
lots' houses." — Jer. v. 7. " Let us walk honestly as in the 
day^ not in rioting and drunkenness^ nor in chambering and 
wantonness." — Rom. xiii. 13. ^ For the time past of 
our lives may suffice us to have wrought the will of the 
Gentiles^ when we walked in lasdviousness, lusts^ excess of 
wine, revellings, banquetings." — 1 Pet, i. 3. " Whore- 
mongers and adulterers^ God will judge." — Heb. xiii. 4. 
" For this ye know, that no whoremonger nor unclean 
person hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and 
God." — ^Eph. V. 19. " Behold this was the iniquity of thy 
mster Sodom, pride, fulness of bread and abundance of 
idleness was in her." — Ezek. xvi. 49* '* He (Josiah) brake 
down the houses of the Sodomites, that were by the house 
of the Lord." — 2 Kings xxiii. 7. " Do not prostitute thy 
daughter to cause her to be a whore, lest the land fall to 
whoredom, and the land become full of vidckedness."-^ 
Jer. V. 7. '^ Whoredom and wine and new wine take away 
the heart." — Hos. iv. 11. " Be not deceived, neither for- 
nicators nor drunkards shall inherit the kingdom of God." 
1 Cor. vi. 9, 10. " The works of the flesh are manifest, which 
are these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, and kscivious- 
ness, of the which I td\ you before as I have also told 
you in the time past, that they which do such things shall 
not inherit the kingdom of God," — Gal. v. 19, 21. 

The connexion of intemperance and prostitution appears 
in the houses where alcoholic liquors are vended, and 
chastity is sold at a price. There are grocers in this city, 
who own houses which they not only regularly, from year 
to year, rent to bawds, but also supply with provisions and 
ardent spirits. Moreover, there are several of our licensed 
3^000 dram-shops, actually filled with profligate women. 



238 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

In addition to these 3,000 gn^-shops^ every unchaste 
bouse is a place of intemperance. Liquor without license 
is sold in all of them. Almost all impure females are in« 
temperate, and the majority of them are drunkards. Of 
sixty-seven once under my care, there was not one tem- 
perate woman. To ascertain whether intemperance led 
them into fornication, or fornication into intemperance, I 
put this question to each of them, — Did liquor lead yoi:| 
into this vice ? Sixty-six unhesitatingly replied, "' No ; 
we first lost our virtue. To enliven our feelings, and ease 
the heavy reproaches of guilty consciences, we used ardent 
^lits." The other woman hesitated, and then said, that 
intemperance, brought on by domestic troubles, led her 
astray. She declined giving an answer to the question^ 
— Did not conjugal infidelity bring on domestic trouble^ 
and drive you to the drunkard's cups ? 

A careful investigation of this subject leads me to believe, 
that in a large portion of this city, male drunkards were 
coined in houses of fornication. Young men of sober habits 
are introduced in these craters of the bottomless pit. Te 
please their misses, cordials are purchased, and all unite in 
drinking them. Cards, dice, dominoes, &c. are brought 
in, and it is not civil to refuse a game. The loser treats 
the company. A second game is proposed, and none are 
allowed to refuse a share in it. They play for liquor and 
drink it, and play again, and then repeat the draught ; 
and the harlots, urged on by their avaricious, bloody 
keepers, . influence the man to repeat their games and 
drinking bouts, until the company is intoxicated, and the 
panders and the prostitutes pick the fornicators' pockets, 
and put them into the street. These men having once 
leaped the boundary of virtue, continue to press onward in 
the path of death, waxing worse and worse in the society 
of gamblers, and drunkards, and thieves. The contagion 
of this example, introducing intemperance and gambling. 



/ 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERlCii. 2S9 

spreads through the better circles which these men meet* 
Thus sinners destroy mubh good. 

Sailor boarding-houses and the houses of fornication 
are nearly identical terms. The son of the ocean takes 
his lodgings ; he is robbed and turned into the street ; and 
thence is carried to the hospital^ or goes on board another 
ship, on which he dies of the disease received by consorting 
with the vile, and is cast into the deep waters. It is an 
awful fact, that] the millions of dollars sailors earn, are 
principally expended in the maintenance of city vices. 
Friends of the sailor cannot bless him more than by ex^ 
tiipating stews and dram shops. If they were closed, then 
might the seaman sing upon the wave, and old age and 
firm health be enjoyed by thousands, who now fall in the 
freshness of their boyhood. 

Licentiousness encourages the establishment of theatres 
and opera houses, — Such buildings are consecrated to the 
dissemination of loose principles in morals, and the pro- 
motion of every infamous vice. Examine their tragedies, 
comedies, and songs ; witness their performances on the 
stage ; see the classes of persons they congregate; listen 
to their blasphemy and their obscenity; behold the 
thieving and fighting, and the array of constables in 
them. Mark their galleries and punch rooms, devoted 
exclusively to harlots and to rakes — ^their dram shops and 
lobbies, and groups of profligate supernumeraries, and 
then say is not a theatre a brothel — a tippling house — a 
thieving establishment — a riotous place — ^a place for the 
manufacture and sport of prostitutes and cut-throats? 
And will ladies, virtuous, accomplished ladies, longer 
visit a theatre, and laud its praises ? Let the theatre be 
avoided, for it leads *' to the pit" Its true character is 
drawn on its cellar doors, the entrance to the place for 
Ulose who cannot afford to pay for a box, in these words, 

TO THE PIT." Surely it is the way " to the pit," for tha 



(€ 



240 PRoeriTUTioN in America. 

theatre and houses of ill-fame are linked together by 
mutual interests and mutual pursuits. The morals of a 
theatre and the morals of a brothel are identically the 
same, fiut " it is a good school of human nature/' say» 
the objector. Yes, it is true, that it is a good place ta 
obtain a knowledge of human nature, as exhibited in the 
diaracter of the vilest portion of both sexes. The lewd 
and the profane, the intemperate and the thieves, have the 
principal labour there to perform on its stage, in its pit, 
galleries, and punch-rooms. M'ho denies it ? who doubts 
it? Are not the majority, or all, of the companies of 
stage-players loose in their morals, and irreligious and 
scoffing in thdr language ? Do not captains and mates of 
vessels, and merchants and gentlemen visiting the city, 
and many of our own townsmen, retire from the theatre 
to assignation house» with loose women ? Only look at, 
and about, and inside a theatre, and what do you see ? 
You see a mighty mass of buildings devoted to vice ; you 
see hacks before it at night, and men and women of the 
town coming and going in them, to a good and jovial 
woiety where the delusions of religion have no place. The 
street before it is lined with apple, cake, and oyster stands, 
about which clusters, a sooty rabble of boys, girls, men, 
and women. Several of the houses adjacent to it are used 
for eating cellars, dram-drinking, gambling, theft, fighting, 
and lewdness^ 

: '' But good people visit the theatre." Yes, and are 
therein partakers in other men's sins. Unless they with- 
draw their countenance from this school of immorality, 
they will perish in iniquity. 

" It is a place of amusement/' Yes ; and to visit it 
little girls prostitute themselves for money, and boys steal. 
One hundred and fifty boy& and girls, out of six hundred 
and ninety in the House of Refuge, were guilty of theft 
%ad impurity to get a seat in the theatre; The managers 



pROflprrrmoN in ahebica. 241 

of that noble charity say, they '^ cannot well avoid agam 
calling the attention of those who may favour their report 
with a perusal, to the two most fertile sources of juvenile 
profligacy and crime — ^the theatres and grog-shops. Very 
few are the instances on their books, which do not go to 
demonstrate^ that the earliest departure from honesty and 
filial duty^ is immediately connected with^ if it does not 
result from^ the allurements of those two capital sources 
of public amusements. They are emphatically the Scylla 
and Charybdis of the currents of life, to the youth of tins 
metropoUs. Could we abstract from the various incentives 
to evil which abound in the city, the vicious excitement 
produced by these places of resort ; we know of nothing, 
which could be found as a substitute, that would be pro- 
ductive of half the amount of crime and misery, which so 
evidently result from them." 

lAcentwusness leads to stealing, -^^djioXA are thieves. 
They maintain that it is no sin to steal from their para- 
mours, and their keepers urge them to pick the libertines' 
pockefe. They learned to rob men, not before, but after, 
they were cast out of virtuous society. 

But ^ females alone are not chargeable with this 
crime, for men, straitened for means to indulge in the 
city round of carnal pleasures, rob others to enable them 
tO' gratify their licentious desires. Thus sons, clerks, and 
apprentices, unhesitatingly take money or goods, or both, 
to enable them to pursue their course. One case will 
illustrate it. A young man in this city, a Sabbath-school 
teacher, a member of a Cluristian church, and a clerk in a 
store, did steal money and goods from his employer to the 
amount of nearly a thousand doUars, to keep a harlot, 
whom I have laboured to rescue from the waihngs of per- 
dition. This fact, bdng known to the church of which he 
was a member, means to reclaim him were used, but 

R 



242 PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

without any good effect, and he was excommunicated. 
May not such facts account for the failure of some mer- 
chants supposed to have been doing good business? A 
gentleman in Newark^ N. J., told me that he had, during 
the last fourteen years, lost not less than twenty thousand 
dollars by profligate men taken into his service. 

When there is no confidence in the honesty of men 
and women, they cannot find employment; and, being 
poor, they must live by vice, or reform. Reformation is 
not very frequent, and their ingenuity and intelligence are 
employed in devising ways and means whereby they can 
subsist. Hence the community is filled with counterfeiters, 
and gamblers, and thieves, and robbers, and highwaymen, 
and pirates, and murderers. 

The majority of these outlaws were once respected in 
society. But lust indulged, intemperate habits formed, 
and fraudulent deeds committed, have degraded them to 
a level with the vilest in the abandoned community, and 
now, not being admitted into our dwellings, and stores, 
and workhouses, they do, by violence and stratagem, live 
by picking pockets at theatres, exchanges, post-offices, &c., 
breaking into houses, stores, and other places, secure to 
themselves the means of subsistence. They are idle, and 
yet they are fed. The women persuade each other to pick 
the pockets of their visitors, and the mistresses promise to 
assist them in secreting the booty. This truth' is illus- 
trated at the police-office in hundreds of instances, where 
men call on the magistrates to recover their watches and 
money stolen at brothels. I had a woman in my family 
who stole the watch and pocket-book of a sea-captain. 
She was convicted and sent to prison. I had another 
woman in my family who robbed a country gentleman of 
eight hundred dollars. She was convicted, and sentenced 
to three years' confinement in the state prison. A butcher 



PB06TITUTI0N IN AMERICA. 5^43 

had four hundred dollars with him when he paid his 
addresses to such ladies^ and on retiring from their com- 
pany he was pennyless. An ex-alderman advised him to 
do nothing about the matter, as he would be exposed to 
the scorn of the virtuous. And he had wisdom enough 
to bear the loss, and say no more about it. 

Stealing is reduced to a science, and thousands follow 
the art for a livelihood. Among the thieves there are 
different gradations of rank, as blacklegs, knucklers, sixties, 
spades, forties, highbinders, &c., &c. The first class 
appear like gentlemen, and pass as such in the crowd, on 
the steam-boat, stage, hotel, and exchange. They pass 
from city to city, rob banks, steal large sums of money, 
exchange trunks at boarding-houses, and the like. They 
scorn a petty thief, and will not associate with him. The 
knucklers and counterfeiters may be classed with the 
blacklegs. Among the counterfeiters, there is a party 
whose business it is to sell the spurious bills as such, to 
harlots and others in the brothels. The sixties are a class 
of thieves composed of apprentices, mechanics, and others, 
who labour during the day-time and steal at night. They 
are divided into r^ular companies^ over each of which is a 
captain. The society has a president, and all its members 
are banded together by an oath of secrecy. They have a 
dialect of thdr own, and, like freemasons, can interchange 
ideas undiscovered by bystanders. Their booty is common 
property, and when disposed of, each thief receives his 
stipulated portion. Their places of conclave are brothels, 
and harlots are sometimes admitted into the fraternity. 
The spades are but a small club of thieves, of whom I 
have learned but little. The forties are but petty thieves 
of the city, and the most of them have been repeatedly in 
the penitentiary. There is but little concert among them. 
Each seizes what he can, and appropriates it to his own 

R 2 



244> PB08TITUTI0N IN AMERICA. 

use. The police is well acquainted with the most of these 
persons. The highbinders are a party of the forties, and, 
brayado-like, are ready for any assaolL They annoyed 
my residence, in time past, to such a degree, that I had to 
call on the civil magistrate for protection. 

The children of the brothel are trained to steal. This 
truth was clearly developed in the Infant and Sabbath 
Schools at the Five Points ; for the little scholars used to 
purloin from each other thdr hats, and bonnets, and 
cakes, and from the school-room whatever they could se- 
cretly convey away. The reports of the House of Refuge 
give cases proving it. 

Licentiousness is an ineoeoroMe tax-gatherer, — The 
probable cost of the vice is all that I shall now attempt to 
estimate, I cannot, at present, enter into minute calcula- 
tions, and shall therefore present the general result of 
several computations, which is this, that it costs this city 
and vicinity more than 12,000,000 dollars annually, that 
is, more than 33,000 dollars a day. Thus 10,000 hariots' 
loss of labour, 1,040,000 dollars ; rents, 200,000 ddlars ; 
courts, prisons, hospitals, and almshouses, 300,000 dollars; 
liquor^ &c., purchased by their paramours, 5,475,000 dol- 
lars ; their clothes, theatre tickets, coach hire, wines, spi- 
rituous liquors, physicians' bills, and incidental expenses, 
3,250,000 dollars; board, 1,625,000 ddlars; thefts, 
1,000,000 dollars. If any of the items of expense stated 
here are too large, sufficient offsets may be found in the 
omission of charges that ought to have been made. I am 
aware that incredulity seems to be engraven on the very 
face of this bill ; but I am persuaded that it approximates 
the truth. 

Effects of licentiousness on mens inteUectSy morals^ 
and bodies, — Conclusions as to the efiects of this vice on 
men are not to be drawn from those libertines whose spirits 



PROSTITUTION IN AJfERICii. 245 

are lively^ and whose powers are but little impaired. These 
are only commencing the downward course. Examine a 
few older practitioners : they are the social 8|»rit8 of a 
former day. Listen to their light and fulsome conversa- 
tion ; see their silly smUes ; mark their wanton attitudes 
and actions ; notice their incapability for business^ and their 
▼acuity of look^ manners^ and actions. Go to the lunatic 
asylum, and there see the effects of lewdness on the in- 
tellects of human beings. Visit the brothel, dram-shop, 
gambling table, and theatre, and listen to the ribaldry and 
blasphemy there, and you will perceive its effects upon the 
moral feelings. But the fruits of licentiousness on the 
inteUectual and moral feelings of men were noticed in the 
preceding part of this discourse. It now remains to notice 
its doings upon flesh and bones. 

Aside from the poisonous work of alcohol, (for drunk- 
ards are licentious), this vice does strange havoc in human 
bodies. It marks the countenance. The eyes of some 
loose persons are covered either with a thin or a thick 
whitish fluid. ( iccasionally they have a limpid brightness, 
but oftener a dull, heavy, vicious appearance, and are 
started forward in their sockets. A peculiar, seducing 
witchery plays in the eyes rolling and staring on every 
person passing along the streets. They are '^ eyes full of 
adultery, that cannot cease from sinning, beguiling unstable 
souls." The cheeks and chins of some persons have a 
loose and oily texture and listening appearance, not very 
unlike that of a fat goose dressed for the spit ; and some 
cheeks seem as if they would melt. The nose, as the 
drunkard's, is sometimes edged and tipped with a greasy, 
fiery, pimpled appearance. There also is often a pale lan- 
guor in the visage, sometimes tinged, as in consumptive 
cases, with a hectic flush, around and beneath which are 
seen weakness and lines of a whitish colour. Inflamma- 



246 PR06TITUTI0K IK AMERICA. 

tion ensues; pimples^ carbuncles, blisters^ and pustules 
rise up on the face^ forehead^ nose^ chin^ throaty and palate. 
Suppuration having taken place, one little sore^ as in cases 
of small-pox, joins to another, and often covers a large 
part or the whole of the countenance. The skin on the 
forehead and throat, and the cheeks, and the lips sometiines 
severely suffer. The end of the nose is often eaten away, 
and the palate and tonsils are frequently nearly devoured. 
The eye-sight is not seldom entirely and for ever ruined, 
and large masses of flesh rotted off the arms, shoulders, 
legs, and other portions of the body, as is very forcibly 
expressed in the twenty-seventh verse of the fifth chapter 
of the Book of Numbers. The intestines are often filled 
with syphilitic sores, the envelope of the heart itsdf not 
escaping the pervading poison. Even blood-vesseb, nerves, 
and bones are attadced and destroyed by it. 

** Many thought her sound 
And healthy at the heart ; but thought amiss ; 
For she was full of all disease : her bones 
Were rotten : Consumption licked her blood, and drank 
Her marrow up ; her breath smelled mortally ; 
And in her bowels plague and fever lurk'd ; 
And in her very heart, and reins of life. 
Corruption's worm gnawed greedily luiseen." 

There is not a bone, muscle, sinew, nerve, or blood-vessel 
in the human system that can escape its effects. It attacks 
both sexes, and, in some cases, is fatal the first time. It 
is true, that skilful hands timely appljdng true remedies to 
those abstaining from vicious indulgences, can remove the 
pains, sores, ulcers, and venereal virus of the complaint 
from the body ; but such cases are rare, for the washed 
sow loves to return to her wallowing in the mire. And 
where the first effects of this judgment on the impure pass 
off, the secondary consequences commonly set in with ter- 
rible power, as may be seen in all our large public hos- 
pitals, and in certain cases of individuals all over the land. 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 5247 

It engenders irremediable disorders^ as consumptions of 
various kinds, pleurisy^ rheumatism, scrofula, diseases of 
the nervous system, palsies, and incurable diseases of the 
stomach, liver, and bowels. 

It is contagious, and has predisposed the bodies of 
thousands to other diseases, and they are, at this moment, 
pining away in disgrace, pain, poverty, persecution, and 
despair, a burden to themselves, a curse to the purity of 
public morals, and a bill of expense to the community. 

I think I do not exceed the truth in asserting that this 
vice destroys more human beings than alcohol does ; in- 
deed, I have no doubt but much of the havoc in society, 
attributed to that poison of Arabian discovery, legitimately 
belongs to lewdness. Be this as it may ; both conjointly 
operate on the profligate, and rationally account for the 
fact that the abandoned seldom attain to a great age. 
" The years of the wicked " are " shortened." See them 
as mown grass wilting under the fires of their vices, and in 
rapid succession falling into a premature grave. Many die 
in less than one year ; some live two, others five, and ten, 
or fifteen years. The period of their existence (as profli- 
gates) varies, according to the difierence in their physical 
constitutions, the excesses to which they abandon them- 
selves, and other circumstances. But the mass of the most 
dissipated perish in three or five years ; and their death 
does not diminish the number in the lewd hosts. Others^ 
recently virtuous, ere they are gone, are ready to supply 
their places. 

We have ascertained that the mischiefs of this enormous 
evil are greatly aggravated by the persons who keep the 
brothels and houses of assignation in this city, many of 
whom live by the prostitution of others under their roof, 
accumulate large property, as the wages of their iniquity, 
and yet boast of their own personal integrity, and place 
their children out of the reach^ as they think, of this pesti- 



846 rm m i uviio v m awwiica. 



fierom example. The price of botnliiig, ptid by ike 
abandoned women, in this dtj, to those who accommodate 
diem, varies from thiee to fifteen doUan a-week, according 
to the style of their accommodatums, bat is generallj five 
or six dollars per wedc for white women. The following 
is an attempt at esrimating the probable eiqiense, or aggre- 
gate amoont of the annual cost of the 10,000 harlots in 
this city : — 

For 6oar<fif>j' 1st daas. suppose 250, at lSdn,perweA, 3,750 dxs. 
" " M •* •« 750. at 10 " •• 7,500 

** 3d " •• 2.000, at 7 '• • ** 14,000 
•• - 4th •* " 2,000, at 3 •• «• 6.000 



Expense of boanfing paid by the whcde per wedc, 31,250 

Which multiplied by the number of weeks in the year^ 
make the annual amount of nearly three miUions of dol- 
lars ! ! bdng paid for the boarding alone of these unhappy 
daughters of infamy, in a single year. 

Now, if we add to this the probable expense of clothes^ 
theatre tickets, coach-hire, wines, and spirituous Uquors, 
and other expenses incidental to their mode of life, which, 
as we learn from the best evidence, far exceeds the amount 
paid weekly for board, we think it a moderate estimate, 
when we express our conviction, that six millions of dollars 
are annually expended in this city by prostitutes, all of 
which, besides what many of them accumulate in the 
banks and other property, is paid to them by the guilty 
companions of their iniquity. 

What au awful waste of property, apart from any higher 
consideration ! and what proportion of this immense an- 
nual amount is honestiy acquired by those who thus expend 
it, who can say? or rather, what proportion is robbed 
from parents, masters, and guardians, by the young men. 
clerks, apprentices, &c., who infest these sinks of abomi- 
nation, who can estimate ? More than half is doubtiess 
paid them by silly and inexperienced youth, who have jx> 



PB06T2TUT1ON IN AMEBJGA. 240 

metus of supportiiig th^ extrftvagance^ but by embezzling 
or stealing tbe property of others, and who are made the 
easy dupes of the arts of these infatuating furies, whose 
syren song lulls conscience to sleep, and thus prepares for 
any and every crime. 

We have ascertained from various sources, that each 
female of this class is visited, on the average, by three men 
or boys daily, and that each of them spend at least fifty 
cents for liquors, porter, &c., besides the sum paid to the 
companions of their guilt, and the infamous myrmidons 
who procure and keep them. This will show that of the 
ten million times these women are visited, by men, for the 
purposes of prostitution in the course of a year, five mil- 
lions of dollars are expended in addition to the items 
included in the above estimate. 

From the reformed women in the several asylums, it is 
ascertained that it is no uncommon thing for them to le* 
ceive from ten to twenty dollars of a night, and frequently 
from Saturday night to Monday morning, they will receive 
fifteen to twenty-five men, and obtain, as their reward, 
from thirty to fifty dollars. These items will go far to 
sustain the justness of our former calculations, and are in- 
tended to afford some idea of the stupendous expense of 
this one single vice, the cause of so much pauperism and 
crime ; filling our almshouses, hospitals, prisons, and peni- 
tentiaries, and destroying our race. 

But what is all this waste of wealth compared with the 
ruin of the generation of young men, and the destruction 
of female purity ? It is insignificant when compared to the 
overthrow of the peace of families, the premature dissolu- 
tion of broken-hearted parents, the wretchedness and dis- 
grace of community. But all this is as the dust in the 
balance, when weighetl beside the loss of hundreds of 
thousands of immortal souls. All else is worse than 
worthless, when viewed in the light of the eternal world, 



850 PBOSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 

for '' her house is the way to deaths and her path la js hdd 
on helL" 

In the calcuktion of the foregomg expenses, the profits 
resolting from hourly and nightly intercourse are omitted, 
and, as it will he perceived, the mere expense alone of 
weekly support taken into consideration, with a view of 
arriving more correctly at an estimate of the annual sum 
expended in the support of 15,000 abandoned females. 
Adding now the sums of money received by those women 
who compose the number of 10,000, who are the most in- 
teresting of the 15,000, who receive promiscuous visits 
during the week, which cannot be less than ten dollars per 
week, it will be found to be 5,200,000 — ^making, tc^ether 
with the amount indispensably necessary for their support, 
8,504,600 dollars—foolishly and ridiculously squandered 
in the indulgence of a passion which, when gratified, only 
contributes to create new feelings and desires, which never 
find repose but in the voluptuous enjoyment of imaginary 
indulgence. 

It cannot surely now be denied, that the sum annually 
paid into the hands of abandoned females in this dty does 
amount to 8,504,600 dollars, when the statement which is 
now submitted is carefully examined by the reader. For 
my own part, I feel persuaded that the annual sum paid as 
a compensation for the vrages of sin is more than ten mil- 
lion of dollars. Let me now beseech all readers, and 
conjure you to continue your holy and blessed work of 
reformation : let no power on tiiis earth dissuade you from 
the performance of a duty, which not only regards the 
happiness of the soul in this life, but more especially its 
eternal happiness in a blissful eternity. 

Expeviditure, — In taking my leave for the present of 
this part of my subject, my heart begins to grow heavy, 
when I contemplate the nature and extent of the task 
which now presents itself. In looking over liie fifth num« 



PROSTITUTION IN AMERICA. 251 

ber of your journal^ I find you have very considerably 
underrated the number of public brothels and assignation- 
houses in this city ; and without travelling out of three 
streets to swell the number, I think,' and am quite per- 
suaded of the fact, that you will find as many houses of 
prostitution in Church, Chapel, and Center Streets as 
your correspondent alleges to be contained in the city. 
Now, Su", the result of my search and inquiries is, *' that 
there are six hundred and fifty public notorious houses of 
prostitution in this city, containing 3,250 women, whose 
appearance in the street renders it almost impossible for 
the observer to distinguish between them and the wives 
and daughters of our respectable citizens; about four 
hundred houses more. contain 4,000 women, who in public 
are easily distinguished on account of the inferiority of 
their dress; these may be considered as not imposing 
more upon their friends than a half or a third of the 
expense which those who are so remarkable for their 
fashionable dress and good-living uniformly exact. Be- 
tween lodgers composed of white and coloured women of 
ill-fame, there are 2,750 ; privateers in place are certainly 
not less than 2,000 ; married women who support some- 
times their husbands, and generally families, 1,000 ; tran- 
sient prostitutes, 1,000 ; and certainly not less than 1,000 
who appear to wear the garb of innocence and virtue, but 
are, upon the whole, the best supporters of the assignation- 
houses. 

In order, however, to render the above statement as 
comprehensive as possible, the reader will find a recapitu- 
lation appended, with a minute calculation of the expense 
attendant upon the support of 15,000 abandoned, degraded 
females, lost to every feeling of virtue and honour in this 
life, and perfectly insensible to the misery and desolation 
to which their crimes and iniquitous lives will unquestion- 
ably expose them in the world to come. 



252 PB06TITUTI0N IN AMSBICA. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Yot 
InmateM. Dra* D 

Notorious Public Houses of Prostitution... 650 3,250 10 1, 

Do. do. do. .......... 400 4,060 5 

Lodgers, composed of white and coloured 

wotncn •••••••••••••■••••••••««••••••••••••••••••••••• mJou o 

Married Women who support Husbands 
anci m* an u lies ...........w...... ...... .>.••...•».>. l^jMM o 

Transient Prostitutes.. ...M m - 1,000 5 

Women wearing the apparent garb of inno- 
cence and virtue, but supporters of assig- 
nation houses ....m.^.......................... 1,000 3 

Respectable Boarding Houses in the lower 
part of the city, containing 600, Half 
Widows 900 600 



15,000 
Annual Cost to the Citizens of New York Dottar* 3 



PART 11. 

VENEREAL ABUSES IN RELATION TO HEALTH AND 

DISEASE. 



11 



w I 

• I I 

J! 

i\ ! 

I 
1 



f 



;; 



255 



CHAPTER VI. 

VENEREAL ABUSES IN RELATION TO HEALTH AND 

DISEASE. 

The mass of incontrovertible evidence adduced in the 
preceding part of this work, will convince every rational 
person, of the extensive prevalence of licentiousness amongst 
mankind. 

Here it may not be amiss to observe^ that whatever may 
be set down in extenuation of natural passion, which spon- 
taneously steals in upon, and seizes the hearts of youth, 
none can be offered for that morbid state of the brain, 
which is excited by whatever immoral means, whether 
latent, mechanical, or physical. It is shameful in youth, 
and truly despicable in after-life. 

The preceding history has, however, no reference to the 
actual extent of adultery, concubinage, secret fornication, 
or self-abuse, which, after all, are the precursors, in num- 
berless instances, of promiscuous intercourse between the 
sexes, and of other vices, upon which I have so circumstan- 
tially dwelt, and which generally prevail in all countries. 

Widi respect to self-abuse, it must be observed, that it 
notoriously undermines the natural powers of the consti- 
tution, at every period of hfe, and leads to the production 
of the most formidable and incurable diseases, as I shall 
show hereafter. 

Having given the foregoing very imperfect account of 
Ucentiousness in these times, I shall now proceed to de- 
scribe the bad effects of venereal excesses on health, the 
numerous complaints which they induce in all parts of the 



256 DISEASKS CAUSED 

body ; and the various remedial means which are adapted 
to the symptoms of each individaal case. 

Medical writers of all ages have described the baneful 
effects of venereal abuses, on heakh, and on population. 
They have also held that such excesses, and more especi- 
ally the vice of masturbation, have largely contributed 
to the evils of humanity. According to M. Reveille- 
Parisse, *' Neither plague, nor war, nor small-pox, nor 
similar contagious diseases, had produced such disas- 
trous results on humanity, as the vicious habit of mas- 
turbation — the destructive element of civilized societies, 
and it is more active as it is continually in operation, 
and gready diminishes populations." — {Rev, Med., Avril 
1828). 

The late Mr. Benjamin Bell, of Edinburgh, also, in 
noticing the effects of this indulgence, says, '^ A habit so 
baneful to many of our youth, that 1 believe it to be more 
destructive in its effects, than a great proportion <^ all the 
diseases, to which in early life, they are liable ; were it to 
prove hurtful to those only whose self-indulgence gives rise 
to it, there would be less cause to r^et the effects of it ; 
besides rendering the parent himself miserable, it evidently 
entails the severest distress upon posterity, by generating 
languor, debility, and disease, instead of that strength of 
constitution, without which there can be no enjoyment.** 

"The impotence caused by the latter excesses," says 
M. Pinel, " reduces youth to the nullity of old age." 

The late Dr. Parry, of Bath, wrote strongly against im- 
moderate coition, as also did Dr. Gregory. 

«' HfiBC vero nimis culta," says Professor Gregory, " valde 
nocet prsesertim junioribus, quorum animos pariter ac 
corpora multum degenerat." (Conspectus de Med.)— 
Every person's feelings must convince him of the languor^ 
lassitude, and inertness which succeed the evacuation of 
the spermatic fluid. This was noticed by Aristotle, who 



BY VENEREAL ABUSES. 267 

said, '^Tristiamantemmultam seminis emissionem censet, 
cur ex omnibus animantibus, homo maxime omnium, 
poBtquam ooncubit, dissolvatur et languescat" 

The follovring cdebrated writers, whom I ought to have 
quoted in the first place, have also expatiated on the inju- 
rious efiects of venereal abuses; namely, Hippocrates, 
Celsus, Gralen, Pliny, Areteus, ^tius, Lommius, Sancto- 
rius, TulpiuR, Blancard, Hofiman, Boerhaave, Van Swie- 
ten, Ludwig, De Grorter, Robinson, Kloehof, Lewis, 
Stoerck, Gaubius, Tissot, Wichman, A. P. Buchan, Lal- 
lemand, Copland, Deslandes, and many others, whose 
names will appear in the course of the following observa- 
tions. Indeed there is no standard work, on the Practice 
of Medicine or Surgery, in which exce»8iL8 veneris, or in 
plain language, excess of venery, is not included, amongst 
the most common causes of delicate health and diseases. 

Every adult knows, that the emission of the seminal 
fluid without a spontaneous natural in^)ulse, is injurious 
to health, and weakens the slender thread of human life. 
The learned Gaubius has truly described its bad effects, 
(Institutiones Pathologise Medicinalis, 1758): — '' The 
immoderate evacuation of the semen, is not only injurious, 
on account of the loss of so very vital a fluid, but especially 
in consequence of the universal convulsive action, which 
accompanies its emission, which if too frequently repeated, 
destroys health. It is rapidly succeeded by a sudden reso- 
lution or collapse of all the vital energies, which cannot 
often occur, without enfeebling all organs. Hence the 
lassitude, debility, immobility, tottering walk, pains in the 
head, convulsions (or derangements) in all the organs of 
the senses, but more particularly the defect, or loss of 
vision, and hearing; febrile excitement, burning beat of 
the skin, indigestion, flatulency, spasmodic pains in the 
stomach and bowels, enoraciation, pulmonary and dorsal 
consumption and effeminacy, caused by excessive venery 

s 



258 DnBASEB CAUSED 

of whatever kind. The various diseases hitherto men- 
tioned, increase and become incurable^ in consequence of 
the morbid and incessant desire for venery, which often 
solely occupies, and greatly influences, the mind, as well as 
the body ; and incites salacious images during sleep ; whexk 
the exquisitively sensitive organs, on the slightest irritation, 
even when there is but a small quantity of semen in its re- 
ceptacles, evacuate it. We evidently perceive then, why this 
excess is so pernicious to young persons." And 1 may add, 
to all guilty of it. 

Every part of the body may suffer from this abuse, 
more especially such parts as are predisposed to disease. 
Thus it is, that a person predisposed to defect of vision, 
hearing, respiration, to consumption, indigestion, and a 
host of other complaints, hereafter duly noticed in their 
proper places, becomes speedily affected by it. The univer- 
sal prevalence of unnatural indulgence among the youth of 
the male sex, and occasionally of the female, warrants this 
conclusion, which is adopted by almost all learned and 
experienced medical practitioners. 

John Hunter, Montegre, and a very few others, deny 
its dangerous consequences, and allege that many who 
practised it excessively from infancy, had nevertheless, 
enjoyed vigour and health. The more prevalent opinion 
however, is, that this assertion is gmierally erroneous, and 
that a preponderating majority have delicate health, and 
some one of the host of diseases induced by this abominable 
habit It is admitted by the most enlightened physiologists 
of modem times, that masturbation causes much more 
excitement in the whole system than sexual intercourse, 
ai^d that it is more frequently repeated, and is consequently 
more injurious to health, and more productive of disease. 
Hence we find it when indulged to excess, inducing extreme 
nervousness or morbid sensibility in every part of the body, 
great depression of spirits, melancholy, mania often leading 



BY VENBREAIf ABUSES. 259 

to suicide^ epilepsy^ hysteria, paralysis, loss of sight, hear- 
ing, in unmarried persons, and others. 

M, Deslandes, a late elaborate author on the subject, is 
of opinion, that as the roasturbator has not a material 
subject for the beginning and end of his pleasures, his 
imagination must supply and invent one, and that this 
mental exertion very much contributes to his subsequent 
depression. In such cases the mind is occupied with a 
lover, a married or single woman, a former wife or mistress, 
or some amorous vagary which greatly excites the nervous 
system. Prints, statues, public exhilntions, and a variety 
of other suljects, are fixed on by the imagination ; and the 
mechanical force employed is more stimulating than the 
natural. 

It is also to be recollected, that this solitary vice may be 
perpetrated by either sex, as often as the person pleases, 
while the compliance of the opposite sex is not always, or 
so frequently, to be obtained. 

This vice is almost universal among young persons, and 
there are perhaps but few males, who have not been more 
or less addicted to it in early life, and who have not sooner 
or later felt some of its bad effects. How often do this 
very numerous class of individuals apply for advice, and 
keep secret the real cause of their sufferings ! How often 
does the well-informed physician suspect the cause, but 
refrain from putting the necessary questions; lest he 
might wound the modesty of the young, or inform them 
of that which they are ignorant, or excite in them a dan- 
gerous curiosity. He well knows the depravities of human 
nature ; he is ever ready to correct them, but he fears to 
allude to them in certain cases, unless he has well studied 
those under consideration, lest he might be the means of 
corrupting youthful innocence, or shocking adult modesty. 
As a general rule this is a good one, but like all others 
liable to exceptions. 

82 



260 nWKAHM CAUSED 

There is no wdl informed medical practitioner, who 
does not indirectly inquire^ in taking the history of every 
case, from the age of paherty onwards, the state of the ge- 
nital oi^ns, the ooloor of the urine, its deposits if any, the 
frequency of evacuating the Uadder, and in some cases, 
whether the patient is married or sin^, idiether he or she 
have ofispring or not, the number of children, the age of 
the last bom, as well as the state of menstruation and of all 
the reproductive organs. In the course of these necessary 
inquiries, and no medical practitioner could omit them, 
who had a just claim to judgment, he may also kam 
whether sexual congress is painful or not, and also whether 
venereal excesses have been committed or not. But there 
is much more caution required in cases of youth, and par- 
ticularly of children. In this dass of cases the parents 
ought to be informed of the medical adviser's suspicion, 
and be recommended to make a close observation of the 
manners and habits of the suspected, which will soon lead 
to a just conclusion. After a due consideration of the 
symptoms hereafter enumerated, there can be little diffi- 
culty in forming a correct opinion, in the majority of in- 
stances, as to the nature of the disease. 

It is scarcely necessary to observe, that the influence of 
the sexual organs on every part of the body is well known 
and universally admitted. The natural use of these organs 
in reproduction gives almost an electrical shock to the 
whole frame ; and cannot be too often repeated, without 
deranging every function, and every part of the body, 
especially those predisposed to disease. The excessive 
abuse of these organs is, therefore, most injurious to 
health, and a powerful cause of many diseases. All vene- 
real excesses, whether by the natural use or the abuse of 
the reproductive organs, are contrary to the laws of nature, 
of morals, and of religion. They defeat the perpetuation 
of the species, and the primitive command of the Divine 



BT VENEREAL ABUSES. 261 

Author of Nature. I have adduced sufficient arguments 
in proof of the validity of this conclusion in another work 
— (The Philosophy of Marriage.) 

I have described the physiology^ or natural history of 
the use of the generative faculty, in the work just referred 
to, and shall now briefly consider its abuses. 

It is impossible to lay down a general rule, as to the 
frequency with which the natural performance of the re- 
productive function may be indulged in, so much depends 
on age, habit^ state of health, and constitution, climate, 
season, &c. ; but it is the universal opinion of physiologists, 
that a continence for four or more days should be observed 
by all from the age of twenty-one and upwards, to ensure 
generation. It is also held that frequent connexions are 
not only infertile, in most cases, but are injurious to the 
health of both parties. 

The crime of Onan was punished with instant death, 
because " the thing which he did displeased the Lord," 
and was a bar to generation. Nevertheless it is frequently 
committed by grown persons to prevent impregnation, and 
has been lately recommended by certain depraved men, 
styled political economists, as worthy of universal adoption 
by the working classes — a recommendation which never 
was, nor ever will be, followed by a preponderating miyority 
of the community. Indeed, there is no animal but man 
which performs an act destructive to its species, unless de- 
prived of the opposite sex ; and even then, in extremely 
few instances. 

Masturbation consists in certain mechanical irritations 
made on some part of the sexual apparatus, and even on 
remote parts of the body, to excite voluptuous sensations ; 
or the effinion of the seminal fluid of the male, and vaginal 
and uterine, and mucus, not seminal, of the female. The 
umversal nervous connexion between all parts of the body, 
excites that sympathy, by which the vivid excitations of 



262 DISEASEg CAUSED 

one apparatus^ as the texnal^ are communicated to the bnihi 
and spinal marrow^ the soiiroes of nenrous supply to all 
parts ; and hence the nervous agitations, depressions^ and 
mental excitations, caused by natural or artificial excite- 
ment of the reproductive organs. It is also an establisbed 
fact^ that the irequent repetition of such excitement, must 
be highly injurious to the body, and, sooner or later, induce 
a debility proportionate to it ; and this may either totally 
destroy the function of the over exerted organs, or induce 
fiacddity, want of erectbn, and temporary or permanent 
impotence. Many proofs of this statement will be adduced 
in the following pages. 

The local effects are usually combined with general de- 
bility of the whole economy, in consequence of the frequent, 
or long continued irritation in the parts, which were pri- 
mitively excited. The diseases induced may be described 
as follow:— The bladder does not perform its function 
properly, it, in many cases, must be evacuated more fre* 
quently than usual, and it often compels the individual, 
more particularly when he lives fireely, to rise fluently 
during the night, especially in winter; there is more or 
less sediment in the urine, sometimes white, but generally 
red, like brick dust. The sediment is only apparent after 
the urine has cooled, and has been passed for an hour or 
more. There are pains or unusual sensations in the small 
of the back, loins, and lower extremities, there is more or 
less indigestion, flatulence, biliousness, heat in the stomacSi, 
and constipation or relaxation of the bowels— the intellee- 
tual faculties are enfeeUed, the mind and body are injured, 
the action of the heart is disordered, and often violent, and 
lastly there is often great emaciation. Many other symp^ 
toms exist, which will be detaOed hereafter. But enim^ 
has been now stated to show, that the debilitating efi^cts 
of venereal abuses, of whatever kind, may be highly inju* 
rious to health, and I shall Ailly prove hereafter, as de- 



BY VENEREAL ABUSES. 263 

stnictive to the lives of those who indulge in them. They 
are in reality, mnrderous excesses, which so powerfully ex- 
cite pleasurable sensations, for the instant, that they daily 
increase and too seldom diminish, until reason and judi- 
cious medical advice expose their evil tendency and results* 

It is evident that onanism and masturbation are as im- 
moral and as destructive to the continuance of the species, 
as other crimes, which our laws punish with death. I can- 
not comprehend the difference in crime of a healthful 
adult diverting by whatever means an elaborated and pro- 
lific seminal fluid, after several days secretion and reten- 
tion, from its natural destination — from the perpetuation 
of the species. It is a violation of the law of nature, a 
roost immoral^ and antisocial offence. 

It has been urged, that there is much excuse for persons, 
fkiom puberty to the adult age, who are properly deemed 
unfit, by physiologists and l^slators, for thtf perpetuation 
of the species, before the mind and body are fully deve- 
loped, more especially as the sexual function is the uni- 
versal theme of conversation among persons of all ages, 
but more particularly of those of the male sex ; while 
parental authority wisdy enforces morality and chastity, 
and total abstinence from premature sexual enjoyment. 
The contaminating influence of servants, tutors, gover- 
nesses^ and school-feUows on children, is also almost uni- 
versal, and causes unthinking youths to commit a crime, 
of which they will, too often, have great reason to repent 
bitt^ly at a more advanced period of life. 

Nature affords relief to the continent, at every period of 
life to old age, by causing an involuntary emission of the 
semen during sleep, similar to other excretions; and this, 
when spontaneous, or improvoked, occurs once or twice a 
week, or ten days, from the age of fourteen to fifty years, 
without any injury to the health. But it is no longer 



natnnl whan ezdted bj ineentiiFCi of wfaaterer kind, and 
then may beeome a fintile aomoe of rtiwair 

The iieqiiency of nocfeonial f miM i nna Taiiea aooordiiig 
to the age and healdi of indiTidiiala, to aaj nothing of the 
efiects prodnced hj an ezdted unagmatioa. No danger, 
howerer^ need be apprdiended from the retention of the 
aeminal fluid in its reoeptades, eren thoa^ abundantly 
secreted, for weds or moodis, as is the case with the 
strictly continent, who are under the control of monl 
and rehgioos restraint ; for, in audi instances, the seminal 
fluid is absorbed, and carried bad[ into the drcnlation of the 
blood, from idiich it was originally derived. It is also to be 
borne in mind, that the gmital organs of such persons in 
genera], graduaOy become small and diminished in siae, 
for the want of natural use, wfaichis the case with all odier 
organs of the body under like condition, in states of de- 
suetude, and' they secrete but sparin^y, and sometimes 
scarcdy at alL Dr. Gall observed, that the organs of all 
deigymen of the catholic church, who were remarkable 
for chastity, were diminished, and he justly inferred diat 
the individuals were generally impotent. I can also bear 
my testimony in support of the truth of this statemoit. 

It is for this reason diat the great miyority of the Ro- 
man Catholic clergy, and all like them, wtko, from moral 
and religious princ^>les, have their natural desires sub- 
dued, become exempt from sexual impulse, strictly conti- 
nent, and eventually more or less impotent Nevertheless, 
the world, in general, forms not only a very erroneous but 
uncharitable opinion on the subject. Hence arise not only 
the unbecoming and illiberal sneers at, but the malignant 
inuendoB against, the dei^ just mentioned, and even the 
laity of both sexes, respecting nieces, cousins, housekeepers, 
and females in generaL 

In farther illustration of this physiological prindple, I 



BY TBNEREAL ABUSES. 96S 

may here advert to the converse as regards widowers and 
widows, who re-enter the married state much more fre- 
quently than old hatchelors and old maids^ and who after 
all, it must be admitted, are much more valuable and use- 
ful members of society, than the latter class. 

This digression, however the maw-worm critic may 
object to it, naturally arises out of the sutrject, and is not 
unworthy of notice. 

When nocturnal, diurnal, or imaginative emissions of 
the semen occur, once in eight or ten days, or once in a 
fortnight, or month, and more rarely to young persons, they 
are not injurious to health ; but when they happen two or 
three times during one day or night, or even oftener, they 
arise from excessive irritability, chronic inflammation, or 
debility of the vesicuke seminales, or seminal receptacles ; 
and may induce temporary or permanent sterility or im- 
potence, accompanied by great mental anxiety, derange- 
ment of the general health, indigestion, biliousness^ de- 
spondency, &c. It remains for me to treat fully of the 
various forms of this disease, in a subsequent part of this 
work. 

Bttffon observed, '' the natural state of mankind after 
puberty is marriage," but the offspring of such parents 
would be deteriorated, the requisite cares and support of a 
family could not be given, the health of both sexes would 
be seriously injured by excesses, and the mortality of their 
children would be frightfuL (See Philosophy of Marriage.) 
Every adult of common understanding well knows, how 
different were his mind and body, and his power of pro- 
curing the means of subsistence, at the age of fourteen 
and twenty-one or twenty-five years ; and how much more 
competent he is at the latter than he was at the former 
age, to be the father and support of a family. 

The immorality of onanism and masturbation is strongly 
condemned in the Bible, as opposed to the laws of nature. 



866 DnoiASBB GAuara> 

(Gen. xxxviiL 9 ; Deat xziiL 10 ; Ezddd xvi ; Lev. xv ; 
1 John ii. 9 ; Prov. Ti. xxiiL 87 ; Mat. vi ; 1 Cor. vL 15 ; 
Rom. L S. &c) It is manifest diat the laws of the Divine 
Author of Nature ooght to be sacred to man, and that he 
cannot violate them^ without injury to himself and to the 
welfare of sodetj. They teach him the wise precept of self- 
preservation, and hence, that suicide is a crime. Nature 
has impressed on the heart of every well constituted living 
being, which possesses the reproductive faculty, the desire 
to unite with a sex different from its own, and to exercise 
this faculty, for the continuance of the species ; and it ii 
not therefore permitted to man, to infringe on this divine 
and natural law, and to destroy or diminish his species. 
The crimes of omission and commission in this respect, 
cause the same result ; the first contributes to the extinction 
of the spedesy by an unnatural means^ by causing abor- 
tion or infanticide, &c ; the second by homicide, and there- 
fore these crimes are equally bad in the eyes of the Divine 
Author of Nature. It fbUows from this train of reasoning, 
that marriage is obligatory on all, who possess the requisite 
means to fulfil its obligations. There, are, however, some 
individuals who, on account of religious motives, evade 
this obligatory law^ and observe an absolute oontinenee, 
with the only view of more efficaciously working out the 
safety of thdr souls. They allege, that the Divine Re- 
deemer set them the example of celibacy, and that the 
i^xwtles, when selected, no longer knew their wives. There 
are many other individuals from the age of pubarty up- 
wards, who refrain from entering into matrimonial en- 
gagements, for want of means to support a family, and 
educate their offspring. 

But it is a most humiliating reflection to know, that 
men vigorously developed and endowed with natural 
powers for reproduction, prevent, by wicked machinations, 
the vital fluid placed in them for reproduction^ from ae- 



BY TEKEREAL ABt^SES. 967 

complishing that object^ which^ without doubt^ is the most 
powerful means that nature has employed to compel men 
to associate^ unite, and co-operate in common for ^e hap- 
piness of all. Every one will admit that, he who is ad- 
dicted to the unmanly habit of masturbation or onanism, 
is isolated from society, concentrates all his affections in 
himself, exerts none of the mutual sympathies of the diffe- 
rent members of society, which contribute most power- 
fiiDy to the good of all. 

The commonest observer knows, that no vertebrated 
animal is capable of procreation on its entrance into the 
world; and the human species does not form an exception 
to this general law. It is at the age of puberty, which oc- 
curs at different periods, according to the different species, 
but which is the same for individuals of each class in all 
seasons and climates, that the sexual organs develope, that 
love is excited, and that the venereal appetite or tempera- 
ment is determined. I have given a full account of puberty 
and the developement of sexual impulse, in my work on 
Marriage, to which I must refer the reader. I may here 
observe, that there are very few cases of precocious de^ 
velopement in either sex, at the third or fourth year, but 
such individuals are incapable of procreation, and mastur- 
bation only can be accomplished in such cases at this age. 
The generative faculty does not exist at birth, because its 
exercise would be injurious to developement and health, 
and without reason to control it, would be destructive of life. 

Precocious excitation of the genital organs, accelerates 
the increase and sensibility of these parts. The premature 
increase of the penis caused by masturbation or unnatural 
indulgence is so remarkable in infants, as to establish this 
vidous habit, the power of which is so great, that many 
children practise it in spite of all means of prevention and 
correction. Although it is not until the age of puberty, 
that the sexual organs acquire the developement necessary 



868 DISBAflK CAUSED 

for the proper perfonnance of the reproductive fimctioDs, 
neverthdesB the Tascolar or erectile tinoe in the genital 
apparatus of both aexea, is susceptible of being the seat of 
a greater or less d^;ree of tuigesoence, even in the cradle. 
I have repeatedly observed it exemplified even in new- 
bom infants, during the first aUution. 

This turgesoence causes a great sensibility of the erectile 
tissues, and often induces infants to perceive i^reesble 
sensations, under the influence of the least instinctive, 
physical, or mechanical excitement. Hence it is that 
some instinctive or mechanical touching, as during daily 
ablution, informs them of this source of pleasure, and this 
is soon engendered into a habit. Nurses and nursery 
maids when washing children daily, often instruct them 
in this kind of excitation. It is also well known that young 
infants often acquire it instinctively. The great minority 
of them, however, are initiated by older diildren or indi- 
viduals. .The signs by which this vice may be detected, 
will be described hereafter. 

It is a physiological fact, that children of a tender age, 
evince vague desires, and an inclination for venery, long 
before the pmod of puberty. The secret cause is hidden 
in the sexual organs. There is not a mother or nurse, 
who has not observed the virile member of boys, even in 
the cradle, susoeptiUe of erection, by the slightest physical 
excitation of this part* Female children are also liable to 
itching, irritation, and genital discharges from the period 
of birth to puberty, and the adult age. £very one who has 
observed the indiscriminate association of boys and girls, 
must have seen their abortive attempts at coition, at the 
age of five or six years ; and this without having received 
any hint on the subject ; but this inclination is generally 
prevented, controlled, or corrected by the precaution of 
parents, and the care they take of the education of thdr 
children. Infants and children, however, who are accus- 



BT TENEREAL ABU6BS. S69 

tomed to wann^ spiced^ and heating aliments, to wine and 
diluted spirtuous or fermented fluids, often become affected 
with genital excitement, which induces lad vious touchings^ 
and titillations^ which they imagine will allay the incon- 
venience from which they suffer. Such efforts not only 
fail, but the sensation becomes more urgent- 
There are but few children, from the age of flve up- 
wards, in civilized or savage countries^ who are free from 
this vice, a fact which is well known to most adults, but 
especially to medical practitioners, confessors, and those at 
the head of schools and colleges. If we reflect on the in- 
jury it inflicts on full-grown persons, it will be easy to 
imagine its baneful effects on infants, children^ and ado- 
lescents, during their imperfect developement. Indeed it 
is injurious at all ages. 

It must be evident to all thinking persons, that mas- 
turbation of male children under the age of puberty 
unless they are prematurely developed, itf not attended with 
a seminal emission, inasmuch as the organs which secrete 
the seminal fluid are not yet developed. But even at 
a tender age, the prostate and Cowper's glands, as well as 
the mucous membrane lining the urethra, are susceptible 
of great excitation, which causes them to secrete a greater 
or less quantity of fluids not seminal, the abundant and 
repeated loss of which is highly injurious to health. The 
quantity is always considerably increased at the age of pu- 
berty, when the parts which supply it are further developed. 
Nearly the same kind of fluid is evacuated by female chil- 
dren, and it is as injurious to their health as to that of the 
other sex. It is at the age of puberty that menstruation often 
becomes profuse and premature, and frequently impedes or 
destroys the reproductive function. The medical adviser 
must, however, be very cautious in alluding to the cause, 
and can only delicately hint at it to the mother, or any 
other adult female, who may accompany the girl. 



870 DI8BA8BS 0AU8BD 

It must be evident from the for^oiDg statements, that 
the original cause of masturbation may be instinctiye or 
^u^dental; but that it is much more commonly put in 
operation by older children, playfellows^ nurses, servants, 
governesses, tutors, and schodboys. 

Children are also demoralized by the numerous causes 
already enumerated, and by incidentally observing do- 
mestic animals in copulation. 

It is a fortunate circumstance that children addicted to 
masturbation, generally present striking external appear- 
ances, which wiU be readily detected by those, who have 
paid any attention to the subject. Such children want 
that charming sweetness of countenance, which is natural 
to their age. The eyes are dull, and more or less watery 
or inflamed. The skin of the forehead and face is wrinkled 
as in more advanced life. Pictures and figures which are 
naturally represented unveiled always attract their atten- 
tion and curiosity; and if surprised during the inspection, 
a sudden embarrassment is perceptible in their gestures 
and expression of countenance. They generally show a 
degree of forwardness characteristic of a more advanced 
age. They prefer children of their own age, and of the 
opposite sex. Their pleasures and amusements are less 
infantile and less frivolous ; and their habits, tastes, and 
dispositions are precocious. In fine, they are readily de- 
tected on being closely watched by day, or before they go 
to sleep, or during sleep. Their organs will be found dis« 
proportionately developed, vascular, and sometimes the seat 
of mucous or yellowish discharges. I have repeatedly seen 
such cases, even in infants of one year old ; and these I feel 
convinced were most generally induced by the nurses and 
nurse-maids, for the purpose of tranquillizing the unfor- 
tunate children committed to their care. 

Two remarkable cases have recently come under my 
own notice,~a most enlightened lady informed me, with 



BT VENEREAL ABUSES. 271 

sorrow, that sbe detected her little girl, a lovely child, aged 
five years and a half, in the act of passing a thimble into 
the vagina, and when questioned and reproved for this 
conduct, said it was one of the maids that showed her how 
to do it. The lady also heard her little boy, aged three 
years, naturally a remarkably modest child, laughing 
loudly, and on being asked the cause, he said that the 
nurse-maid had been tickling him. Such cases as these 
are much more frequent than parents generally imagine; 
4Jiough too well known to medical practitioners. They 
show how cautious parents should be in hiring servants, 
and in allowing their children to be much in their com- 
pany, or to sleep with them. Indeed it must be obvious 
to the commonest observer, that the depravities of boys 
and girls, in all large cities and towns, are almost universal. 
It is now generally admitted, that one of the most 
alarming, and at the same time, one of the most increasing 
evils which infests the peace and security of domestic life, 
is the depravity of servants. It is an evil of which all 
families complain, and for which there seems to be almost 
no prospect of a remedy. There was a time when this 
class of society were industrious, respectful, and trust- 
worthy ; but they are now, with very few exceptions, idle, 
insolent, and practised in every species of depravity, fraud, 
and imposition. The evil is so alarmingly on the increase, 
as apparently to defy all remedy. All families have a 
common interest in improving the morals of their do- 
mestics. I cannot too often repeat that servants ought to 
be as little about children as possible, unless in the pre- 
sence of one or both parents. The celebrated Mr. £dge- 
worth instantly dismissed any domestic, who spoke at all to 
his children. This was, perhaps, carrying matters too far. 
There are some exceptions ; for there are many servants 
who have received a moderate general and religious edu- 
cation, and who are honest, modest, and trustworthy, until 



S72 DISEASES CAUSED 

contaminated by others. The seductions of men^ encon- 
raged by the chartered libertinism of the infamous Poor 
Law, is not only the ruin of thousands of our female ser- 
vants, but may, through them, be the ruin of our children. 

But it is at the age of puberty that youth furiously 
abandon themselves to masturbation, as the sexual organs 
now become most sensitive and excitable ; and hence mani- 
pulations are more frequently repeated. Premature puberty 
is also another cause, but one which very rarely exists in 
this dimate. Though this artificial excitation arises, in 
genera], spontaneously, it as frequently results from lessons 
given by children and others of a more advanced age. It 
is common in schools, and is " the contagion of scholars." 
We often see children in these establishments, and even at 
home, who were at first vigorous and healthful, speedily 
presenting all the signs of physical and moral decay. How 
careful then should parents and teachers be, to watdi in- 
cessantly, the depositaries of future generations, and never 
allow two children to sleep in the same bed but without as- 
signing the real motive ; or two scholars to be constantly 
with each other ; and to observe those traits of the counte- 
nance, which betray the vicious habit under consideration^ 
and which are described in these pages. 

When this baneful vice is carried to excess, it retards 
the growth of the body, and it often destroys life at an 
early age ; or if existence continues it wiU be miserable, 
the enfeebled frame cannot sustain the exertions necessary 
for life ; the weakened intellectual faculties are inadequate 
to the due performance of mental exertions ; a shameful im- 
potence or absolute sterility opposes connubial eni^ements; 
and if the power of procreation remain, the offspring will be 
feeble, delicate, and miserable pictures of those, who brought 
them into existence. In short, it induces a vast number 
of horrible diseases, which I shall fully^describe hereafter. 

This vice sometimes become invetrate at the age of 



BY VENEREAL ABVSES. 373 

puberty^ and excites for some years, an invincible estrange- 
ment from natural enjoyment. 

When yoong persons are addicted to this destructive 
habit, they become inactive, dejected, fond of solitude, 
the appetite is diminished, there is great depression of 
spirits, and a total disinclination to activity, playfulness, 
and vivacity. These symptoms are greatly increased by 
the constant and frequent repetition of their cause. The 
forehead is partially covered with crimson-coloured hard 
pimples, called acne. Such persons evince great timidity 
and disrelish for society. The memory is impaired, and 
the power of comprehension considerably diminished; 
all the mental faculties so much injured, that stupidity, 
idiocy, or limacy, sooner or later, may appear. The diges- 
tion is much injured, and flatulency becomes a troublesome 
83rmptom, even before or after puberty. The senses of 
vision and hearing become imperfect ; and blindness from 
amaurosis, or deafness frequently occurs. I was once con- 
sulted by a young man who had amaurosis of both eyes, 
whose spirits were as depressed as possible, and who finally 
confessed that excessive masturbation had produced his 
disease. We can easily imderstand bow this and a variety 
of other formidable diseases may arise from too frequent 
coition, when it is recollected that it produces the most 
>rivid and repeated stimulation of the whole nervous sys- 
tem, and excites an acute or chronic irritability, or total 
loss of sensibility in organs, which are naturally the most 
irritable. Mr. Hunter was of opinion, that masturbation, 
unless excessive, was not more injurious than coition, 
(Work on Venereal Dis. 1st edit.) ; but he recanted in his 
future editions. He forgot that the solitary masturbator 
can repeat his crime as often as he pleases ; but the com* 
pliance of a female is not always to be obtained. Few 
escape the evil results of onanism, which is much worse 
than coition, being more frequently repeated, and being 



^74 DISEASES CAUSED 

mare vivid and violent Hence we find it in 
worst forms of indigestion^ or morbid sensibil 
stomach, (Andral, Pathol.) the worst form of I 
driasis, or lowness of spirits, (Martinet, Thei 
aneurism, and other incurable diseases of the he 
large vessels, (Diet, de Med. and Chir. Prati 
Arteritis,) all the diseases of the brain and spina 
(Diet. Abrdgd des Sc. Med. art. Onanisme,) fee 
the whole muscular system, chronic inflammati 
viscera of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, and 
tion (Op. Cit.), stricture of the urethra, supp 
incontinence of urine, piles, nocturnal emissions. 
These are but a few of the evils caused by thi 
unmanly habit. It is, however, fortunately a 
by most young persons about the age of ei| 
twenty years, when they leave schools and col 
become free to indulge in natural enjoyment, 
are some persons who continue to practise it, ei 
habit, a fear of contracting syphilis, or a fixed a 
the opposite sex, even at and after this age. I ha 
several examples of this kind. Some pf these ui 
persons, laboured under severe and distressing c( 
which rendered existence almost intolerable, and 
cited the horrible feeling of the necessity of sel 
tion. There are others who persist in this shai 
after marriage, and it even prevails in some 
during hoary old age. I have been repeatedly 
in all these cases. Legislators of all ages and 
have fixed the proper age for marriage, but they 
tempted to bring onanism or masturbation under t 
of the laws— crimes which, when perpetrated by 
adults, are most assuredly as destructive of ht 
as all other unnatural offences. The first and 1 
were punished with death, according to the Lei 
other Jewish laws; and the second is equaD) 



BT VENEREAL ABUSES. 275 

when the indiyidual is capable of reproduction ; bat it may 
be urged that the excessive masturbator, is seldom in this 
condition, when his vice is of frequent or daily indulgence ; 
as he is in such cases, a sterile member of society. 

I have already described the proper age for marriage, 
as weU as the circumstances favourable to reproduction, 
both in my works on Marriage and on Midwifery, and 
Diseases of Women and Children ; and can now offer but 
one general observation, that the adult age at which the 
mind and body are properly developed, is that pointed out 
by physiology and wise legislation. 

There are individuals of all ages, who abandon them- 
selves to venereal excesses, and the records of medicine 
afford numerous examples. The proofs of this statement 
are abundantly supplied by M. Deslandes, in his late 
elaborate work, entitled, De VOnanisme et des antres dbus 
Feneriens, Consideris dans leur rapports avec ia Sante, 
1SS5, which I shall freely quote in the succeeding pages, 
because it accords with, and confirms my own repeated 
observations and experience. Though the faculty of en- 
gendering ceases in man and other animals in old age, 
yet we frequently peruse police and other public reports 
of cases of female violation, effected by very aged persons. 
Some of this class also enter into matrimonial engagements ; 
80 that it is difficult, if not impossible, to decide what is the 
age, at which man is deprived of the power of committing 
venereal abuses or excesses. 

As a general proposition, however, it may, I think, be 
maintained, that women suffer much less than the opposite 
sex from venereal excesses, as they are much less sensual 
and sensitive in the act of reproduction, and much less 
depressed by it John Hunter was of opinion, that a man 
was much less debilitated after connexion with a prosti- 
tute, or a frigid woman, than with an amorous one, with 
whom his energies were greater and more prolonged, and 



276 DISEASES CAUSED 

his consequent depression comparaQvely increased. I haye 
been repeatedly assured of this fact, by different patients, 
as well as other individuals, bat there are many subjects 
of this ' kind relative to reproduction, which cannot be 
treated of in the vernacular language, though the com- 
mon topics of conversation among men of ail classes of 
society. These must be passed over, with a few general 
remarks. 

It has been long admitted, that the performance of the 
generative act is more injurious, at cotain moments of 
life than at others, as during digestion, menstruation, 
pregnancy, suckling, and different indispositions. If 
coition or masturbation is practised immediately after a 
repast, or during hunger or fatigue, the results will be 
more injurious than at other times. Examples are not 
wanting of individuals who died suddenly in these acts 
soon after leaving the table, as happened within a few 
years, to a marshal of France. The digestion is suspended 
in other cases, and great depression of spirits induced. 

The performance of the procreative act during the 
presence of menstruation, was punished with death, ac- 
cording to the law of Moses, (Levit. xx). Mania has also 
been induced by it. The exercise of this act ought to be 
moderate during pregnancy ; and especially when miscar- 
riage is threatened. This is the opinion of all eminent 
obstetric authors; and these I have largely quoted in the 
article on Abortion, in the Cydopadia of Practical 
Surgery^ Part I, April 1837. Montaigne observed, " that 
when the object of generation was accomplished, and when 
age prevents offspring, there are some who doubt whether 
it is permitted to seek for an embrace." This was deemed 
homicide according to Plato. There are certain nations, 
as the Mahometan, which abominate intercourse with 
pregnant women. Some n^oes act in like manner. Pallas 
relates, that the Calmucks inflict a fine of nine pieces of 



BY VENEBEAL ABUSES. 277 

coin for each incontinence, which has been the cause of 
abortion. 

It is the general opinion of experienced obstetricians, 
that moderate intercourse is not injurious, and certain 
theologians advise it to preserve the husband from infide- 
lity. Sexual intimacy is also injurious during the presence 
of the child-bed evacuation, which continues for nine or 
more days after delivery, according to the state of health 
of the mother. I was once consulted in a case in which 
a drunken husband approached his wife a few hours after 
her confinement, in utter defiance to the remonstrance of 
the midwife and other women. 

Suckling being a part of the generative process, is op- 
posed to excessive conjugal intimacy, which more or less 
deteriorates the breast-milk, and injures the infant. Las- 
civious nurses are generally considered bad, as well as those 
who freely indulge in sexual commerce. This is based 
upon a correct theological conclusion. It is also a me- 
dical opinion, that sexual commerce ought to be moderate 
during the first six or nine months of suckling; and it is 
a well-known fact, that conception rarely occurs during 
this period. 

The influence of the sexual act in relation to difierent 
causes of diseases, to the changes of the constitution and 
health, will be greatly modified by each peculiar circum- 
stance. A man at the age of forty or fifty years, cannot 
expect the vigour he possessed at eighteen or twenty, 
though this expectation is generally entertained, as I can 
attest from numerous consultations. He who has sufiered 
from severe disease of any kind, or from intense mental 
exertion, may have this function dormant for months or 
years, or may never regain the power or inclination he en- 
joyed before his illness or during former periods of life. 

A gendeman of high literary attainments, aged forty 
jears, once consulted me in consequence of a remarkable 



278 DISEASES CAUSED 

modification Id his virile powers, fie was of a yery 
amorous disposition^ and indnlged very freely. He found 
of late^ that his constitntion was totally changed in that 
respect. I inquired whether he had had any serious ill- 
ness during the preceding year or two? He replied that 
he had had a had liver complaint, for whidi he was ordered 
a great deal of mercury^ from the effects of which he stiD 
suffered. His disease and its treatment, deariy accounted 
for the depressed state of his reproductive function, i 
assured him that the restoration of his general health, 
would in all probahility, effect tiie cure of his tempcnrary 
disease ; but that he must not expect the same vigour he 
possessed at twenty^ at the age of forty. He was, however, 
restored to health in a few weeks. 

A similar case has lately been under my treatment. A 
gentleman, aged forty years, unmarried, of dark com- 
plexion, of a melancholico-bilio-nervous temperament, was 
attacked with typhus fever in the country, about two years 
since. He was seized with delirium for four days, during 
which time the medical attendant overiooked the state of 
tiie bladder. A physician was called in, who discovered a 
distended bladder^ and ordered catheterism. A large 
quantity of urine was removed^ and it was necessary to use 
the catheter for twenty days. Convalescence was in time 
established, but there remained disorders in tiie urinary 
function. This was followed by loss of virility. Dr. 
Prout was now consulted, and treated the patient for some 
months without benefit. Sir B. Brodie was not more suc- 
cessful. What rendered the case most distressing wa% 
that the gentieman was engaged to marry in a few months, 
tiiat is to say, he had promised two years before, when in 
good health to do so at a certain time. I uAd him he 
ought to decline it for the present, and he resolved to do 
so if possible. He finally got weU^ is now about to marry, 
and receive a lai^ fortune. I have his permission for 



BY VENEREAL ABUSES. 279 

Stating his case, which he agreed with me in considering 
may he consolatory to others* 

Another gentleman, under my care, is nearly in tlie 
same condition. He had previously consulted Dr. Elliot- 
son and Sir B. Brodie. He wished Dr. Chamhers and 
myself to consult on his case. Dr. Chamhers was out of 
town at the time, and he proposed to me to see Sir Astley 
Cooper. The patient and myself waited on Sir Astley 
Cooper (Aug. 31st, 1838), when the worthy Baronet dis- 
played his wonted benevolence, kindness, and judgment. 
There was no difference of opinion; we both suggested 
an adjournment of the nuptials, if possible. 

The changes of residence, the influence of climate, diet, 
the various pursuits, and the septennary periods of life, all 
modify the faculty of procreation. We observe this fact 
attested by the state of a young man, who comes from the 
country to redde in our large city ; and in the European 
who becomes exposed to the burning tropics* 

Those inhabiting crowded dwellings, as manufacturies, 
prisons, ships. Sec, experience a modification of their virile 
powers, and such persons readily feel the bad effects of 
venereal excesses. 

Poverty, famine, excess in the use of wine and other 
inebriating liquors, over-exertion of mind or body, and de- 
bilitating diseases, are opposed to sexual commerce, which 
in such circumstances causes great enervation or depression. 
It is also to be avoided or used in moderation during the 
prevalence of epidemics, to which it predisposes. It is 
likewise contra-indicated in cases of epilepsy, convulsions, 
fevers, inflammations of the organs in the head, chest, and 
abdomen. It has been long observed, that the genital 
function is suppressed during acute diseases, and other 
powerfully depressing moral causes. There are, however, 
exoeptions. Pinel describes the case of a young man 
affected with typhus, who continued masturbation after the 



280 DISEASES CAUSED 

approach of death was announced to hun. My revered 
friend, the late Baron Alibert^ gave the history of a young 
man affected with an exteufdve pustular disease of the 
skin, which was always aggravated hy masturbation ; after 
which the unfortunate patient was harrassed with an 
intense burning pruritus or itching. — {Diet, des Scieneet 
Med,^ Art Dartres). Many cases are on record, of per- 
sons in a state of convalescence, inducing a dangerous or 
fatal relapse by coition or self-pollution. 

Nervous disorders, mania, hysteria, gout, scrofula, stone 
in the bladder, diseases of the kidney and urinary appa- 
ratus^ and diseases of the brain, lungs, heart, and large 
vessels, stomach, bowels, &c. are aggravated by venereal 
indulgences. I might give many illustrations, a few shall 
suffice. A man with disease of the heart had intercourse 
with a prostitute in one of the hospitals. He died sud- 
denly during the act On opening the body next day, it 
was observed, that an aneurism of the arch of the aorta 
had burst, and was the cause of his sudden death* An 
out-patient of mine at the Metropolitan Free Hospital, 
D — , who was seen by a great many students in 1836 and 
1 837, who witnessed the medical practice, laboured under 
hypertrophy or enlargement of the heart, arising from 
contracted valves— the bellows-sound was audible on both 
sides of the organ. He became very much improved by 
the treatment, which continued for several months, and 
then he proposed to marry. I observed in my clinical 
remarks on his case, that his conjugal duties would, in all 
probability, soon terminate his existence. He died nine 
weeks after his marriage. 

Felix Plater gives the history of an aged man who mar- 
ried a second time, and who experienced, on attempting 
consummation, a violent suffocation which compelled him 
to suspend his efforts. This occurred several times, but 
when driven to desperation, he consulted empirics, who 



BY yENEREAL ABUSES. 281 

advised him to persevere. He died in the act. (Observ. 
lib. 1, p. 174.) Examples of sudden death dmring coition 
are not rare, and are often induced by the bursting of an 
aneurism, by congestion of the lungs, and by apoplexy. 
Every adult knows the excited state of the heart, the 
breathing, the brain and the senses, during the act of ge- 
neration. 



SrrMPTOMS OF DISEASES KESULTINO FROM VENEREAL 

EXCESSES. 

The results of venereal excesses at the adult age, whether 
by conjugal intercourse, onanism, diurnal or nocturnal mas- 
turbation, volimtary or involuntary spermatorrhoea or semi- 
nal effusion, are equally powerful in inducing local and 
constitutional disorders and diseases. 

The most constant sign of venereal abuses is emaciation, 
which is caused by the disordered state of the digestion, 
and it is worthy of remark, that most persons become cor- 
pulent on avoiding the cause of their disease. There are, 
however, some few who remain thin and withered for the 
remainder of life ; in consequence of excessive self-abuse 
during their youth. At first, there is little debility caused 
by masturbation, but sooner or later, it is experienced after 
the completion of the act. Young persons become inactive, 
dejected, and fond of solitude ; the appetite for food is 
diminished ; there is great depression of spirits, or melan- 
choly, and a total disinclination to activity, playfulness, and 
vivacity. These symptoms are increased to a frightful 
extent if their cause be in frequent operation. There is 
great timidity, bashfiilness, and a dislike to society. The 
memory becomes impaired, the power of comprehension is 
dull, the whole mental faculties are defective, and idiocy, 
lunacy, or paralysis may supervene. The senses of vision 
and hearing fail, and may be finally lost. It is easy to 



2S2 DISEASES CAUSED 

understand the reason that so many formidable disorders 
and diseases are caused by venereal excesses^ when it is 
recollected, that coition produces the most vivid stimula- 
tion of the whole organs through the medium of the brain 
and nervous system. Such electrical or nervous shocks 
too frequently repeated must injure all parts, but especially 
those predisposed to disease in different persons ; as the 
brain, the eye, the ear, lung, the heart, &c. Many authors 
have contended that the debility is more or less considerable, 
according to the situation of the body during the venereal 
act. ^' Corporis agitatio in coeundo, instar canum," says 
Sanctorius, ^^magis nocet, quam seminis emissio. Hsc 
solum viscera; ilia omnes nervos et viscera defatigat." 
(Aphor. 34.) '^Usus coitus stando loedit musculos et 
eorum perspiratum diminuit." (Aphor. 40.) " Hinc 
quoque natura voluit mares," says Plazzonus, *^ foeminis 
incumbere in coitu, foeminas vero adhinnire quidem, non 
autem insilire aut inequitare maritis, infesto et infausto 
foeminini dominii omne." Every medical practitioner who 
is properly educated will admit the correctness of these 
conclusions. 

M. Sainte-Marie attributes the loss of power and emaci- 
ation of the muscles of the loins and lower extremities to 
a morbid state of the spinal marrow— an opinion long de- 
nied, but warranted by many cases and dissections, which 
I shall detail hereafter. 

Tissot relates the following extraordinary case on the 
authority of an eminent surgeon. A man who cohabited 
with prostitutes in the street, in the erect posture, was 
seized with weakness accompanied by severe pains in the 
loins, and an atrophy of the thighs and l^s accompanied 
by paralysis. '* He died after having been confined to his 
bed, for six months, in a state well calculated to excite 
pity and dread." An eminent friend of mine was once 
called to a case of an old military officer, who was seixed 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 283 

with apoplexy under similar circmnstances, and fell insen- 
sible in the street. He was relieved with great difficulty^ 
but in a few months became paralytic. A brief enumera- 
tion of the bad effects of venereal excesses on mind and 
body cannot fail to be interesting to many of my readers. 
I shadl^ therefore^ give it^ as concisely as possible. 

The mind is greatly affected by the abuses under notice. 
All the intellectual faculties are enfeebled^ the memory is 
injured or lost^ the ideas are confused, idiocy or mania 
ensues, or the sufferers have a constant meptal inquietude, 
a continual agony^ a reproach of conscience, so acute as 
often to induce the shedding of tears ; or distress or me- 
lancholy is imprinted on the countenance; the sleep is 
disturbed by unpleasant dreams, and is unrefreshing ; while 
heartfelt regret, remorse or despair, terminate in melan- 
choly, idiocy, madness, or suicide. This is not an exag- 
gerated picture, for every experienced medical practitioner 
can attest its fidelity. The justly celebrated M. Esquirol 
has recorded a case, which terminated by suicide, (Diet, 
des Sciences Medicales, Art. Folic et Suicide) ; and the 
daily reports in the public papers, afford many similar 
instances. Some cannot sleep at all, while others are in a 
state of drowsiness or coma. All are more or less affected 
with hypochondriasis, nervousness, or to use more scientific 
tenns, neuropathy, neuromania, ; complaining of unplea- 
sant sensations in every part of the body, de omnibus mor- 
bis, et quibusdem aliis^ *^ of all unpleasant sensations, dis- 
eases, and even more," sadness, faintness, tears, palpitations, 
suffocations, &c. 

These complaints may be caused by disorders in the 
brain or spinal marrow, or to speak more scientifically, in 
the cerebro-spinal system ; or they may be purely symp- 
tomatic of derangement of the digestive system, or indi- 
gestion. Such patients generally, but not always, complain 
of pains in the head, chest, and abdomen ; in the stomach 



284 DISEASES CAUSED 

and intestines, in fact, in every part of the body. The 
melancholy countenance is more or less disfigured by erup- 
tions, of one kind or other, especially the forehead, nose, 
and cheeks : and in some cases, the trunk and extremities 
are similarly affected; but more particularly idien the 
constitution is contaminated by syphilisi, or when that dis- 
ease is imperfecdy treated, supposed to be cured, but not 
cured. Cutaneous eruptions of this description very often 
appear on infants after birth, caused by parental trans- 
mission. The organs which were the primary cause of the 
diseases just described, suffer in common with all others 
in the body. It is an unerring maxim — '^ in eo loco, quo 
quia peccat, punietur," to use a free translation, ^' whatever 
part of the body one abuses, in that will he suffer or be 
punished." The force and truth of this observation are 
wdl illustrated by those who abuse the reproductive organs. 
Many of them lose the power of erection ; others have 
premature emissions of the semen, even before the slightest 
approach, some with a partial or without any erection ; 
more on evacuating the bladder, or bowels. Many have 
constant methral discharges, mucous, prostatic or seminal, 
with or without sensual impulse ; others suffer from fre- 
quent or constant painful priapisms or erections, without 
the power of ejaculation; others have a frequent and 
urgent desire to evacuate the bladder, five, ten, or twenty 
times a day, with some pain on so doing ; while some have 
the stream of urine diminished in size, curved, flattened, 
forked, or doubled, with pain in the lower part of the ab- 
domen, in the loins, groins, about or near the anus, and 
extending down one or both thighs or testicles ; or reflected 
to the stomach, lung, heart, brain, eye, ear, &c. Many 
suffer severely from painful swellings of the testicles, or 
spermatic cords, penis, or pain or unpleasant sensations in 
the bladder, kidneys, which disorder the digestive, respi- 
ratory, circulatory, and cerebral functions. In many cases^ 



BY YENEREAL EXCESSES. 285 

the orine^ after being passed, for some time, deposits varied 
coloured sediments, reddish, whitish, brownish, &c., or it 
evolves a strong or foetid odonr. In fine, persons thus af- 
fected are often sterile, or totally incapable of accomplishing 
their part in the function, which perpetuates the species. 

Women are liable to most of the diseases just described, 
as well as a vast number peculiar to their organization — 
as debilitating mucous and purulent discharges from the 
vagina, uterus and uterine tubes, profuse menstruation, as 
well as other diseases of these parts, and of the ovaries. I 
cannot enter into the description of female complaints in 
this work, as I have elsewhere, very fully considered them. 
(Manual of Midwifery, and Diseases of Women and Chil- 
dren, third edition.) 

Though many recover their strength by abandoning 
their vile habit, and using tonics, there are others who 
remain debilitated for a long time, and even some few for 
the remainder of life. There is a want of tone in all the 
functions. The coimtenance is pale, yellowish, or leaden 
coloured ; there are dark circles about the eyes, the eyelids 
are often red and swollen, there are partial warm or cold 
sweats on the forehead, chest, or general perspiration on 
the slightest exertion or during sleep ; the digestion is bad 
or variable, the temper peevish and irritable, the person is 
apprehensive of some mortal disease, or a reverse of for- 
tune ; there is incapability for generation, while there may 
be morbid sensibility of the stomach and intestinal tube 
causing colic, distention from gas or air, and inflammation, 
irritation, or ulceration in the organs in the lower part of 
the abdomen, especially in the softer sex. In the latter 
cases, there are often dull pains in one or both loins extend- 
ing down the lower limbs and towards the extremity of the 
lower bowel. I have been consulted in many cases of this 
kind, and also by letter. Fatal diarrhoea or great irrita- 
bility of the bowels, piles and rectal discharges may result 



886 DISEASES OAVSED 

from mastuibatioii or other venereal excesses. Deslandes 
and Hoffman relate such cases ; and I have also met with 
some of them. 

Head-aches, spasms, convulsive movements, pains in 
the back and loins, spinal tenderness or irritation, violent 
palpitations, not only of the heart but all the arteries to the 
extremities of the fingers and toes, with laborious respira- 
tions, and sense of suffocation and fainting, with tem- 
porary loss of vision, hearing, and universal tremblings, 
are caused by excessive masturbation, onanism, and coi- 
tion. There is now a kdy, under my care, who experiences 
the whole of these disorders, from the immoderate excesses 
of her husband. There is another lady, about whose 
case I have been consulted, who is thrown into hysterics at 
the approach of her husband, who is an enlightened and 
virtuous clergyman of the Established Church, and who is 
moderate in the performance of his conjugal duties. It 
is worthy of remark that this lady, though formerly mar- 
ried for some years, was totally ignorant of conjugal rites 
until her present union. When with her former husband, 
he laboured under syphilis in its worst forms, and during 
five years he had not consummated marriage. Such cases 
are by no means rare, as will appear on reference to my 
work on MedicalJurisprudenee, Second Edition, 1836. 

Persons guilty of these excesses often become predis- 
posed to rheumatic and neuralgic pains ; and also to gout, 
according to Deslandes, Barthez, Scudamore, Ollivier, 
Ferrus, and many others. 

Many of this class of persons, whose health is greatiy 
injured or entirely destroyed, feel the greatest remorse. 
They recal tiie time to mind, when healtii was perfect, 
when they knew nothing of sexual abuses ; they remember 
those who gave them the first notions of vice, to condemn 
and curse them ; while they reproach themselves as the 
authors of all their miseries. They often declare that never 



BY VENBREAL EXCESSES. S87 

before were human beings so afflicted as they are^ and 
that without the especial aid of Providence^ they cannot 
bear up against their condition. Distressed by the past^ 
and the anticipations of the future, they determine to end 
their agonies, unless ttie mind is strong and under the 
influence of religion, or they lose their reason or commit 
suicide. M. Orfila ascribes their condition, '^ to moral 
and physical disgust, intellectual apathy, without the hope 
of cure ; which often follow premature abuses of all kinds." 
{Med, Legale,) This may be true in some cases, but I 
agree in opinion with M. Deslandes, that if such persons 
knew the resources of nature and of the heaHng art, and 
the rapidity with which health may in general be restored 
on the abandonment of vice, their despair would be easily 
removed, and their existence prolonged to advanced age. 
The following case will prove the correctness of this con- 
clusion : — 

*' A young gentleman, aged twenty-four years, and one 
of the finest men I have ever seen," says M. Sainte-Marie, 
" shut himself up in an isolated chateau, (mansion or 
castle), with an old domestic in the confidence of the 
family, so as to escape conscription. There, with a view 
of dissipating the ennui of his solitude, he furiously ad- 
dicted himself to masturbation. After three years excesses 
and seclusion, he returned to the world with a pale anxious 
countenance, which was entirely ascribed to his confinement. 
His friends now urged him to marry, and enjoy an advan- 
tageous and agreeable estabUshment, which would remove 
the long ennui from which he sufiered. But his powers 
betrayed him. On the morning after the first night of 
his marriage, he arose with shame and confusion, not 
having had the power, as Montaigne observes, to stain the 
nuptial couch. From this he conceived an utter contempt 
for himself, which d^enerated into gloomy and profound 
despair. In a few days he arose from table, a^d swallowed 



388 DISEASES CAUSED 

a large dose of arsenic^ but this sabstanoe was fortunately 
vomited with the food he had taken. He then repaired 
to Lyons to seek death, which he now preferred to life, 
lliere he became acquainted with a celelniited dudlist, 
and purposely insulted him, having no other view tiian to 
lose his life, with sword in hand. But the fate of arms 
decided otherwise ; he wounded his antagonist, and this 
changed his resolution. He bow thought that life was not 
all defect and humiliation ; he wished to live, and with 
this view he came to consult me. His impotence was 
the most trivial matter in the case. There was a dorsal 
consumption commendng. I ordered iced fluids inter- 
nally, and iced douches or affusions along the vertebral or 
spinal column, with a milk diet. This treatment effected a 
perfect cure in three months. He quitted Lyons, went to 
join his family, who were greatly distressed at his long 
absence. I consider at this time, (1817,)" observes the 
narrator, ^^ that he is the most happy of husbands, as his 
wife has made him a father three times since his recovery. 
{Traduct de Wichman,) 

Notwithstanding the favourable termination of this case, 
I must observe that intelligent young persons addicted to 
masturbation often become dull and stupid ; for it is evi- 
dent that the depressed state of mind and body which im- 
mediately succeeds the performance of the venereal act, 
which with them is excessive or nearly so, must depress 
the mind ; although when the cause is removed a rapid 
recovery may in general be expected. This was the result 
of a case of idiocy, for the cure of which, the celebrated 
Graefe of Berlin removed the clitoris by excision. The 
particulars of this case, will be given in their proper place, 
hereafter. There are, however, examples of incurable 
idiocy and loss of reason, in which the brain and its con- 
nexions are seriously injured, as is evinced by loss of 
vision, hearing, convulsions, paralysis, &c. M. Senrurier, 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 289 

(Diet, des Sciences Med, Art. Pollution,) M. Pind had 
a similar case of a sculptor^ aged twenty-eight years^ in 
the infirmary of the Bicetre. (Nosograph, Phil. t. iii. 
p. 127.) I have treated six unfortunate examples. Such 
cases are comparatively of rare occurrence in these countries. 
It is very remarkahle that those who become idiots 
from the causes under consideration^ have the sexual sen- 
sibility, whilst the intellectual powers diminish. One of 
my foreign distinguished correspondents, the late Baron 
Anbert, of Paris, met with a striking illustration, which he 
thus described. A female shepherdess, aged twenty years, 
addicted to masturbdtion, had her mind enfeebled in two 
years, and was stupid, while the venereal appetite had at 
the same time acquired so high a degree of exaltation, 
that she was brought to the hospital labouring under nym- 
phomania. She gave great scandal by an incessant auto- 
matic motion, which she could not restrain. The head, 
chest, and superior part of the body were excessively thin, 
while the lower half was remarkably plump. The sight 
or touch of one of the opposite sex, produced excitement 
and pollution. " We could, on touching this girl," saygf 
the Baron, '^ cause agitation of her whole body, and even 
throw her into convulsions. She remained in a convulso- 
nary state for half an hour, similar to that observed in per- 
sons at Saint Medard. Her condition did not improve, and 
she was returned to her parents, on account of the scandal 
she gave." The late philanthropist, and humane M. Parent- 
Duchatelet, whom I have eo freely quoted, gives the fol- 
lowing frightful history of a case somewhat similar. A girl, 
aged seven years, had resided with her grandmother, a 
respectable and very religious woman ; and at the end of 
this time returned to her parents. She became sad and 
dull, and rapidly lost flesh, the cause of which was sought 
for in vain. Her mother put some questions to her one 
day, which to her amazement she clearly understood. She 



290 DISEASES CAUSED 

immediately related that from the age of four years, she 
constantly amused herself with hoys of ten and twd^e 
years of age, and that, what distressed her since her return 
home was, not having the same opportunities, hut she sup- 
plied her desires alone. The parents used every means 
to eradicate her vice, hy reasoning, caresses, presents, all 
kinds of dress, by medical and religious aid, and by cor- 
rection, but all was useless. The child put her hands upon 
herself, even in sleep. After a short time, she wished ^ 
death of her parents ; indeed, she threatened to cauae their 
death, so that she might use their money and follow men. 
The parents were compelled to bolt their chamber door at 
night, as she threatened to murder them while asleep. She 
constantly applied her hand whenever her mother turned 
her back. All these facts were proved at a judicial inquiry. 
{Jnnaies (f Hygiene et de Med, Legale^ Janv. 1832.) 

Other moral depravities also result from venereal abuses. 
The mind, accustomed to search for pleasure in a certain 
circle of ideas, can find no others, there is a repugnance 
to sexual intimacy, and both men and women have dis- 
played it. Baron Alibert relates the case of a young man 
addicted to self-pollution in infancy, who followed the 
business of an artist. The appearance of the picture of a 
beautiful figure of a man inspired in him, an extraordinary 
emotion, though totally unconnected with the taste of the 
sodomists. On viewing this figure he had erection and 
ejaculation. M. Alibert advised him to paint the figure of 
a woman, and renounce Apollo du Belvedere for Venus 
de Medicis. In a short time nature, more powerful than 
factitious thoughts, regained her rights, and he was com- 
pletely cured. (Nouv. Elem, de Therapeniique^ third 
edition, t. ii.) Other depravities of this kind will appear 
in the cases narrated hereafter. 



291 



CHAPTER VII. 

DISEASES CAUSED BY VENEREAL EXCESSES, 

Diseases of the Cerebrospinal system, or Brain and 
Spinal Marrow, — The universal excitement of the whole 
body during the act of generation, or its abuses, cannot be 
often repeated without inducing a host of diseases, which 
vary according to the predisposition of individuals. There 
are few diseases which have not resulted from venereal 
excesses ; indeed, some doubt if there be a single malady 
which may not be induced. It is difficult to admit this last 
conclusion in its full extent, still few can deny, that vene- 
real abuses are amongst the exciting causes of most of the 
diseases of the human body. The following brief outline 
of the history of diseases arising from these causes, will 
prove the truth of this position, and I am much indebted 
for it to M. Deslandes. In such cases, the symptoms in- 
duced by masturbation or coition already described, will 
be apparent^ (see p. 281). 

Apopleary may occur in those predisposed to it, from 
diese causes. The disorder of the circulation and respira- 
tion during the ejaculation of the semen, produces great 
determination of blood to the head> which may end in the 
rupture of a blood vessel in the brain or cerebellum. This 
has also happened during the process of digestion, when 
the distention of the stomach impedes the breathing. 
Those aged men who have died suddenly in the act of 
coition, were often killed by apoplexy. Such cases are re- 
corded by Coelius Aurelianus, Aretaeus, Lommius, Tissot, 
Pinel, Cruveilhier, Londe, &c. 

Van Hers describes the case of a man aged forty years, 

u2 



292 DISEASES CAUSED 

who was attacked with apoplexy, while in the arms of his 
wife, the first night of marriage. He was relieved by a 
treatment commenced on the fifth day ; but being furiously 
amorous, furens amoris, he committed other excesses, 
and died of the disease in a few days. ( Observ. Med. lib. L) 

Hoffman relates a similar example. It was that of a 
soldier who fell dead before he achieved his object. On 
opening the body, there was efiusion of blood in the brain. 
{De Morh, ex nim. Vener,) 

M. Serres relates an analagous case in his work on the 
Comparative Anatomy of the Brain^ t ii. p. 60S. It was 
that of a man aged thirty-two years, who excited by liquor, 
was seized with apoplexy during coition. In addition to 
the apoplectic symptoms, there was strong erection of the 
penis, which continued to the approach of death. The 
brain was sound, but the middle lobe of the cerebdlum 
was highly irritated. The substance of the cerebellum 
was ruptured in different parts, and clots of blood were 
found on the superior vermicular processes. 

I have met widi a case neai4y similar. A newly mar- 
ried man, aged twenty-six, of very full habit, died suddenly 
in the arms of his wife, the first night of his marriage. 
As he had been in apparent good health, it was supposed 
he was poisoned. On inspecting the body twenty-four 
hours after death, before the coroner's inquest, it was ob- 
served that there had been erection, of the penis with 
seminal emission. There was no trace of poison in the 
stomach or bowels, but the base of the cerebellum was 
highly congested. In other cases apoplexy occurs soon 
after the act of reproduction, 

M. Andral describes the case of a hotel-keeper, aged 
forty-nine years, who fell dead in the street as he was 
leaving a house in which be had been committing a debauch. 
There were two apoplectic clots in ttie right hemisphere of 
the cerebellum, and another in the left hemisphere of the 



BT VENEREAL EXCESSES. 293 

brain. {CliniquLe Med, t v. 2 edit.) I must again ob- 
serve tbat there is great determination of blood to the 
brain during coition, and especially in those who are in- 
temperate. And hence in such causes, there is often pro- 
found sleep, or slight coma after the act. I know a gentle- 
man, aged fifty, a great votary to Bacchus and Venus, 
who is frequently affected in this manner, and on some 
occasions, while asleep, his body is so cold and his respi- 
ration so slow, that his wife must shake him violently 
before she can awake him. He continued these excesses 
for six years, when he totally abandoned them on account 
of his obligation to his helpless children and amiable com- 
panion, and is now quite free from them, and in good 
health. 

M. Serres relates the case of a man precisely similar, 
except that he persevered, and died of apoplexy of the 
cerebellum. Previous to death there was erection of the 
penis, and an abundant spermatic emission. 

M. Guiot gives the case of a man, aged fifty-two years, 
who was very much addicted to women, and who, after 
several congestions of the brain, was seized with mania ; 
his genital organs were remarkably developed, and he had 
frequent pollutions. The last congestion was followed by 
palsy of one side, which killed him in twelve hours. Among 
his symptoms were erection of the penis, and the automa- 
tic motions of masturbation. On opening the head, there 
was an apoplectic efiUsion in the cerebellum. {Biblioth, 
Med. Nov. 1827.) 

Chronic inflammation of the substance or membranes 
of the brain and cerebellum are often induced by mastur- 
bation or excessive venery. 

y M. Deslandes describes a case of chronic arachnitis in- 
duced by this cause. The patient was a boy, aged seven 
years^ admitted into the Infant's Hospital He was very 



294 DISEASES CAUSED 

much addicted to masturbation^ during which act^ he vm 
seized with convulsive motions ; and he finally became an 
idiot. His repugnance to every kind of exercise was ex- 
treme^ he remained motionless, his powers declined, his 
limbs wasted, and he became totally blind. His hearing 
and other senses were greatly enfeebled. Galvanism and 
other means were " tried in vain.'* He soon died, and the 
membranes over the superior longitudinal sinus were found 
highly inflamed, as also the superior surface of the brain 
itself. 

In a case, somewhat similar, related by M. Desruelles, 
the disease was in the substance of the brain. There was 
paralysis of the left arm, with convulsions of the right, 
and of the muscles of the face. There was an abscess 
found in the hemisphere of the brain, opposite to the para- 
lytic side, and corresponding with the members which had 
been convulsed. — {Recueil period, de la Soc^ de Med, de 
Paris, Avril, 1822). 

Chronic alterations are also found in the cereMlijLm of 
masturbators. These have been considered by some phy- 
sicians as the cause, and by others as the effect of onanism. 
It is, perhaps, impossible to determine, in the present state 
of science, whether the disease of the cerebellum or the 
masturbation preceded the other. The only thing certain 
is their co-existence, and this is so common, as to remove 
all doubt on the subject. A few examples will prove this 
fact. — A girl addicted to masturbation finally prostituted 
herself to gratify her desires ; but this did not prevent her 
from employing all kinds of manoeuvres for self-abuse, to 
supply the insufficiency of her daily cohabitations with 
men ; in fine, she was attacked with nymphomania. 
Ashamed of her state, she allowed the actual cautery to 
be applied to the clitoris, but without any advantageous 
result. She ultimately died, and there was a chronic in- 



BY VENJBREAL EXCESSES. . 905 

duration found in the middle lobe of the cerebellum. 
Different callosities in this organ, showed that it had been 
inflamed for a long time. — {Serres, Op. Cit., p. 606). 

Gall relates the case of a boy, aged thirteen years, who 
practised masturbation intensely, the two-thirds of whose 
cerebellum were occupied by an abscess ( Traits des Func- 
tions de Cerveau, t. iii.) 

A young man, aged nineteen years, who could not be 
restrained, even by mechanical means, from continuing 
self-pollution, had his penis scarified, so that the pain 
might prevent him from accomplishing the motions he 
was accustomed to make incessantly. All means were, 
however, useless, and he died in three months in the Hotd 
Dieu, in a state of extreme emaciation. He was often at- 
tacked with epileptic fits. On opening his head, there 
was an encei^aloid tumour in the cerebellum, of the size 
of a nut, which had commenced ramollissement or soften- 
ing — (Nouv, Biblioth, Med, Sep,, 182T). 

A girl, aged ten years, addicted to sdf-abuse, and of a 
dcijected character, complained for about four months of 
acute pains in the head. These pains, for the last three 
weeks of life, caused piercing cries. She constantly placed 
her hand upon her head, became comatose, was affected 
with stralHsmus or squinting, and. dilated pupils. She 
died, and on dissection there was observed inflammation, 
with purulent discharge on the superior part of the cere- 
bdlum, with tubercles, and white softening of this organ. 
''^Payen, Essai sur VEneephalite, 1826). 

A most extraordinary and, perhaps, unprecedented case 
is recorded by M. C(»nbette, in the Rev. Med, Avrii, 1831, 
in which there was complete destruction of the cerebellum 
of a girl, aged eleven years, who practised masturbation 
excessively. The organ was replaced by a gelatiniform 
membrane, extending over the medulla spinalis, or com- 
mencement of the spinal marrow. The genital organs 



^6 DISEASES CAUSED 

afforded proofs of the former practice. A finger could be 
easily introduced into the vagina. There was no hymen; 
the external lips of the vulva were vividly red, and ap- 
peared to have heen frequently irritated. This girl was 
ricketty, could not stand or walk when she entered the 
Hospital for Orphans in 1830^ and it was remarked that 
she always lay on her back. 

It would be easy to multiply cases of this description^ in 
which the different parts of the brain, cerebellum, or in- 
vesting membranes are diseased by venereal excesses; but 
a few shall suiBBce. 

A young soldier was troubled with frequent nocturnal 
pollutions, succeeded by epilepsy, which were induced by 
excessive masturbation. During the perpetration of this 
shameful vice, he forcibly extended the penis, until it ac- 
quired ten inches in length, and resembled a piece of sinew. 
He was emaciated to such a degree as to resemble a living 
skeleton ; his sight was totally lost ; his mental imbecility 
was extreme; his skin earthy and clammy; his tongue 
tremulous ; his eyes sunken ; his teeth decayed ; his gums 
ulcerated; and after remaining for six months in this 
miserable state, he died. — {M. Serrurier^ Diet, des Sci- 
ences Med. Art Pollution). Many such deplorable cases 
are on record. The following one also proves that the 
brain, spinal marrow, and arachnoid membrane may be 
diseased. 

A watchmaker, aged seventeen years, in good health, 
commenced masturbation, which he repeated three times 
daily. The spermatic ejaculation was always preceded or 
accompanied by a slight loss of reason, and a convulsive 
motion of the entensor muscles of the head, which were 
forcibly drawn backwards, whilst the neck was extra- 
ordinarily swollen. He experienced great depression at the 
«nd of the first year, after each act, but he persevered to 
such an extent as at last to dread the approach of deaths 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 297 

He now suffered from seminal emissions without erection^ 
or with imperfect erection^ which reduced his strength to 
the lowest state. The spasms of the neck continued gene- 
rally for fifteen^ but never less than eight hours, caused 
him to utter loud screams, and prevented him from taking 
any solid or even fluid aliment. He fell into a most help- 
less state, which was increased by the horror of remorse. 
'' On sedng him," says Tissot, " I found him more like H 
corpse than a living being, incapable of any motion. There 
was a pale watery discharge of blood from his nose ; foam 
issued from his mouth ; he laboured under diarrhoea, and 
his alvine motions passed in bed, without his perceiving 
them. The flow of seed was constant; his eyes were dim 
and bleared ; pulse very small, quick, and frequent ; the 
respiration impeded; general emaciation extreme, except 
in the legs, which were oedematous or dropsical. The state 
of his mind was not less deteriorated ; without idea, me- 
mory, incapable of uttering two sentences; without re- 
flec^n or inquietude of any kind ; without any other feel- 
ing but pain, which returned with every access, or at least 
every three days — a being beneath a brute, a spectacle 
most horrible to behold ! I ordered him most strengthen- 
ing remedies, and those most powerful in removing spasm 
without effect. He died at the end of some weeks, in 
June 1757, with general oedema, or dropsy of the whole 
body." ( Traite sur rOnanisme, sect, iv.) This might 
api)ear an exaggerated narrative to non-medical readers; 
but there is no well-informed or scientific medical prac- 
titioner who could deny that such a lamentable case might 
occur. 

M. Bouteille reports a case on the veracity of Lasserverie 
the senior surgeon of the hospital at Lyons, in which most 
of the symptoms resulting from a cerebral disease existed 
on the right side of the body, and consequently indicated a 
disease of the opposite side of the brain. I have also adduced 



298 DISEASES 0AU8ED 

abundant evidence of this statement in the PhyHciant 
Vademecum, eleventh edition^ 1837. The patient was a 
girl aged eleven years^ who had contracted the vile habit 
of self-abuse some years previously, notwithstanding the 
vigilance of an attentiveand virtuous mother. She became 
extremely nervous, and suffered frotn convulsive motions 
in her right arm and leg, accompanied by pain in the knee 
and sole of the foot. All remedies failed, and at length 
she could not swallow her food. She complained of head- 
ache, giddiness, and defect of vision and hearing on the 
right side, and the pains in the limbs became intense. She 
was finally cured, and the principal remedy was electricity 
used in different ways. {Trate de la Choree.) 

Epilepsy is often induced by excessive coition and vene- 
real abuses. The ancients designated coition epilepsia 
brevis. Galen, Van-Hers, Tissot, Zimmerman, Hoffman, 
Haller, Esquirol, and many others, describe such cases. 
I knew a young gentleman aged twenty years, who was 
seized with epilepsy in a repeated act of adultery. I have 
also treated others, in whom the disease was caused by 
masturbation. 

M. Goupil relates the case of a male child, aged eighteen 
months, addicted to artificial excitation. At the age of 
three years and a half it was seized with convulsions^ which 
frequently returned. All kinds of mechanical contrivances 
wer6 applied on the limbs and genitals, which failed for 
some time, but at length succeeded. The intervals between 
the epileptic fits now became longer, and a cure was 
effected. The child was in perfect health at the tenth 
year. 

The celebrated Zimmerman describes the case of a man 
aged twenty-three years, who became epileptic from the 
cause. The fits also came on after each nocturnal pdlu- 
tiou. After the fits were over, he suffered from severe 
pains in the kidneys and coccyx. He avoided his habit 



BV VENEREAL EXCESSES. 299 

and got well ; but relapsed in a short time, when the dis- 
ease returned. After some time it attacked him in the 
street^ and he was found dead^ one mornings in his cham- 
ber^ having tumbled out of bed^ bathed in his blood. 

Another convulsive disease' caused by masturbation is 
St. Vitu8*s dance, a remarkable case of which is related 
by M. A. Petit. A cure was effected by the discontinu- 
ance of the habit. 

All kinds of Mental Alienation may be induced by ve- 
nereal excesses^ and medical practitioners often overlook the 
cause, according to that celebrated physician, M. Esquirol. 
In his opinion^ mania is the least seldom induced ; and he 
adds, that maniacs who practice masturbation, offer a great 
obstacle to a cure. Such persons generally become stupid, 
consumptive, and emaciated, and usually die. 

Idiocy is the commonest form of alienation caused by 
self-abuse. Esquirol in France, and Hoist in Norway, 
have attested this fact. 

Melancholy is often induced by the same cause as ob- 
served by Esquirol and Pinel. The last author states, that 
paralysis complicated with loss of reason, especially mono- 
mania and idiocy,was particularly observed in masturbators, 
as well as in those guilty of other venereal excesses. It is 
also an important fact that paralysis is much less frequent 
in women than in men, and that masturbation produces 
kss mental aberrations of the former than the latter. This 
likewise proves that this vice is less common among women, 
and also that these are less sensual than the other sex, (see 
p. 169). It appears that of two hundred and fifty-six indi- 
viduals admitted into the asylum of Charentpn during the 
years 1826-7-8, there were twenty-four men whose mad- 
ness was to be attributed to masturbation, or libertinage; 
whilst three women only were affected by the same causes. 
One-twentieth of the insane at Salpetriere consist of pros- 
titutes, most of whom are affected with idiocy and para- 



300 DISEASES CAUSED 

lysis. It is also a fact that masturbation is a more common 
cause of insanity among the rich than the poor, according 
to the reports of the French asylums, (vide ante, p. 70.) 

The son of a most respectable and wealthy merchant in 
the city, was always of a weak mind, and at the age of 
sixteen years was not as grown as a boy of twelve. Long 
before the latter age he was initiated into vice by a servant 
He is now, November 1838, thirty-five years, and a per- 
fect idiot. The testes are reduced to the size and round- 
ness of marbles. '1 he sight of every strange female excites 
in him lascivious desires, and he would use violence to ac-^ 
oomplish his wishes unless restrained by his keepers. It 
is necessary to caution newly hired female servants against 
him. He is never allowed to sleep or be alone, but as 
little as possible. His intellect is weakening every year. 
The records of medicine contain many similar cases. 

Diseases of the Spinal Marrow, Tabes dorsaiis — 
Myelitis* — When we consider the phenomena that accom- 
pany and succeed the functions of reproduction, it must 
be manifest that the spinal marrow must also be affected 
by the abuse of it This was the opinion of Hippocrates, 
who termed the disease tabes dorsaiis, dorsal consumption, 
but the existence of such a malady was long denied, until 
recent pathology had demonstrated it. The importance 
of the spinal marrow, a continuation of the brain, in sup- 
pling the chest, upper extremities, abdomen, and lower 
extremities with nerves, is now admitted by every well 
informed medical practitioner; and hencs the multitude of 
disorders caused by spinal relaxation, irritation, curvature, 
or deformity. All modern works on the practice of medi- 
cine and surgery attest the truth of this fact, as the reader 
will perceive by the perusal of my account of the diseases 
of the spinal marrow in the Physicians Fademecum 
already quoted. 

The agitation and involuntary contractions of the mus- 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 301 

cles of the loins^ and inferior portion of the hody, and the 
tetanic spasm which seizes them at the moment of seminal 
ejaculation, the cramps which often accompany it; the 
general feeling of sadness, fatigue, and weakness which 
follows it, especially in the loins and lower limhs, clearly 
indicate the impressions made on the spinal marrow, the 
source from which all the muscles thus affected derive 
their nerves. Accordingly we find abundant cases, veri- 
fied by dissection, demonstrative of this pathology. 

The local symptoms of disordered spinal marrow caused 
by excesses of venery, are various unpleasant sensations, 
felt along the back, loins, or lower extremities. These sensa- 
tions sometimes occur immediately after the venereal act, or 
may become of longer continuance, and finally are constant. 
In most cases, the pain is dull, and more troublesome than 
acute, and obliges the patient when he or she sits or stands, 
to change his or her posture frequently ; and the pain is 
usually less, or entirely gone when the person lies in hori- 
zontal posture, either in bed or on a sofa. In other cases, 
there is a sense of formication or creeping of ants along 
the spine. These sensations vary in difierent individuals, 
and each experiences a peculiar one. Thus a man who, for 
two years, indulged in sexual excesses night and morning, 
complained of a sensation in his back as if it had been 
severely bruised. Others feel, as if a cord was tightly 
drawn round them; and more of a gnawing, tearing, 
piercing, or dull pain, extending to one or both inferior 
Umbs, and sometimes to the genital organs. These pains 
are frequently most severe and excruciating, and particu- 
larly in the loins and hips of most persons, who commit 
venereal excesses, of whatever kind. When the disease of 
the spinal marrow advances, the pains become more severe, 
extending down one or both lower extremities ; there are 
cramps or tremblings of certain muscles, or contractions ; 
gradual weakness advances, of the lower half of the body. 



302 DISEASES CAUSED 

and paraplegia, or palsy from the loins downwards^ finally 
succeeds. 

The following cases illustrate this disease: — ^A patient 
was reduced to the most extreme emaciation by nocturnal 
emissions, induced by venereal excesses. A variety of 
remedies were tried, in vain, and he died at the end of four 
months, from excruciating pains in the loins and joints. 
(Serrurier, Diet, des Sciences Med,^ Article Pollution), 
There was every reason to conclude in this case, that there 
was disease of the lumbar part of the spinal marrow, or of 
its membranes. A somewhat analogous case is pubUshed 
by Hatte, of a young man, who was seized with lumbago, 
after excessive coition, which alternated with a state of 
satyriasis. {Anc, Journ, de Med,, tom. ii.) Van Swieten 
describes a remarkable case in point. He tried every 
thing, for three years, in the case of a young man who 
was seized after excessive unnatural indulgence, with 
vague and wandering pains in the back, accompanied by 
heat, and by a sense of painful coldness in the loins. His 
lower limbs became so cold that he sat close to the fiie in 
summer. There was a continual rotatory movement of 
the testicles in the scrotum, and the patient felt a simi- 
lar motion in the loins. {Aphorism, 586.) The spinal 
marrow was evidently affected in the following case of a 
masturbator, detailed by himself: — " My nerves are ex- 
tremely feeble, my arms without power, and always trem- 
bling, and always in a continual perspiration. I have 
violent pains in the stomach, arms, legs, chest, kidneys, 
&c. &c." I agree with M. Deslandes, that many of the 
rheumatisms complained of by those who abuse the sexual 
functions, are neuralgis, &c. ; and that these arise from 
more or less disorder or disease of the spinal marrow. I 
am also disposed to think, that many of the numerous cases 
of spinal irritation in girls, from puberty to the adult age, 
result from sedentary employments, and perhaps occa- 



BT VBNEREAL BX0ES8ES. 303 

sionally^ from the cause now under consideration. But I 
by no means agree with some, who ascribe all such cases, 
as well as vaginal mucous discharges, so common at this 
period of life, to the latter cause alone. 

M. Bertini, of Turin, describes the case of a young man, 
who at the age of twelve, addicted himself to pollution ; 
soon after which he was seized with tremblings of the arms 
and l^s, accompanied with giddiness and pains in the 
head. He persisted in his vicious habit to the age of 
twenty-two years. He at length complained of a sensa- 
tion of tingling in his legs and feet, and likewise of a con- 
tinual trembling in these parts, which extended to the rest 
of his body. The agitation was so great, that he could 
not remain in bed, nor stand without support. There was 
pain on both sides of the sacro-lumbar region or small of 
the back, which was increased by pressure. Twenty-five 
leaches were applied, and they extracted about twelve 
ounces of blood. The trembling immediately ceased ; the 
patient arose from his bed, and walked along the ward of 
the hospital, without any support. From that moment, 
he neither felt pains nor trembling, and he left the hospital 
free from complaint, eight days afterwards. He finally 
Trained perfect health. {Rev, Med,^ December 1825.) 
I have repeatedly observed, that leeching, cupping, and 
counter-irritation over the loins and sacrum afford rapid 
relief in similar cases, and I have now (January 1838) a 
case of this kind under my care at the hospital. Such 
cases are often supposed to. be lumbago, or disease of the 
kidney. 

The tetanic form of disorder, resulting from the spinal 
marrow, is rarely excited by venereal excesses. Tissot 
describes one case of this kind, in a young man. The 
disease commenced by stifihess of the neck and spine, and 
soon extended to the other members ; and the patient, for 
some time before his death, lay with his body bent back- 



304 DISEASES CAUSED 

wards, and without power to stir either hand or foot ; and 
he could not take aliment unless it was put into his mouth. 
He remained, for some weeks^ in this deplorable condition, 
when he died almost without any suffering. 

Paralysis which is the consequence of myelitis or in- 
flammation of the spinal marrow in cases of masturbators, 
is much more common than tetanus. It attaclot the lower 
extremities, but may likewise seize the upper. The fol- 
lowing case occurred to Baron Dupruytren: — ^A young 
man, aged twenty-two years, who had addicted himself to 
excessive masturbation, was suddenly seized with paralysis, 
and deprived of all power of locomotion. His limbs were 
greatly wasted. M. Dupruytren observed to his pupils, 
that the myelitis was in the cervical portion of the spinal 
marrow, and when it extended to the origin of the phrenic 
nerve, it would cause instant death. He considered that 
the insatiable rage for, and practice of masturbation, had 
caused the disease ; and that there was an atrophy of the 
anterior roots of the spinal nerves. (^Lancette Fran^Uej 
Septembre 1833.) A man, aged forty years, who was 
much addicted to women, wine, and masturbation, was 
seized with tremblings of the arms and legs, bad digestion, 
melancholy, and finally with general paralysis, which com- 
menced in the superior extremities. He concealed the 
real cause of his disease, for a long time, but at length 
confessed it. He died a miserable object, and was his own 
destroyer. M. Ollivier describes a most extraordinary 
case of paralaplegia, or palsy of the lower part of the body, 
caused by masturbation, which continued from the age of 
twenty-nine to the fiftieth year. All remedies proved 
useless. ( Traite de la Moelle Epiniere, seconde edition,) 
Haller also relates a case on the authority of Werzpremi, 
of a man, whose brain and spinal marrow were affected 
from the same cause. He complained, for thirty years, 
of pains along the spine, and especially on stooping, and 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 305 

his lower limbs became so feeble at length that he could 
not stand for a minute. His memory failed^ he became 
stupid, his sight was very weak, and his emaciation ex- 
treme. After having concealed the cause of his complaint 
for a long time, he at last avowed it with confusion, and 
the ordinary treatment for some months completely re- 
established his health. 

Caries of the vertebra and all forms of curvatures of 
the spine are also caused by masturbation. Sabatier attests 
this fact even after the sixth year. Boyer confirms the 
opinion, and relates cases of caries with disease of the spinal 
marrow and its membranes. Serres, Latour, Janson, Da- 
landeterie, and others, also give histories of well marked 
cases. In some of the cases related by these observers, 
the spinal marrow was first affected, and in others, the dis- 
eases of it, succeeded the spinal deformities. 

Permanent contractions of the lower extremities for 
some time are caused by disease of the spinal marrow^ 
which are induced by masturbation, especially in childreq 
and youths. M. Guersent, the eminent physician of Paris, 
relates a marked case in proof of this pathology. {Oaz, 
Med,y Fevr. 1832.) 

Having now traced nervous and paralytic affections, 
with tremblings, spasms, and various unpleasant or painful 
sensations in the inferior and superior extremities, and in 
the back, muscles of the chest and abdomen, as caused by 
premature and other venereal excesses, I shall next describe 
the diseases of the senses induced bv these causes. 

Diseases of the senses caused by venereal excesses, — 
Loss of sight and hearing frequently result from venereal 
abuses, Hoffman describes several examples. He cites the 
case of a young man, who greatly abused himself from the 
age of fifteen to twenty-three years. He experienced great 
pain in his head and eyes, during the seminal emission. 
When he attempted to read, he fdit as if intoxicated, the 

X 



306 DISEASES CAUSED 

pupik became considerably dilated^ and there was great pain 
in the eyes* The eyelids hung very much^ the eyes were 
bathed in tears, and there was a whitish discharge from 
their angles. {Canmlt, case 103). 

Amanrosis is often induced. Dr. Juengken, professor of 
ophthalmic surgery, at Berlin, observes in his valuable 
work on the subject, that in cases of amaurosis caused by 
masturbation, the pupil does not remain central ; it is dis- 
placed superiorly, the superior part of the iris is straighter, 
as if retracted at its ciliary border. This symptom may, 
however, appear in scrofulous ophthalmia, and idiopathic 
iritis. In addition to this symptom, M. Sanson informs 
us, that there is photophia, or a greater or less degree of 
intolerance of light before this kind of amaurosis. {Did, 
de Med, et Chir. Prat, art Amaurose), Scarpa well 
observes, that amaurosis induced by excessive masturba- 
tion or coition, is, in general, incurable. ( Treatise on 
Liseases of the Eye), M. Buzzi, a later author, says he 
has cured four such cases, on the abandonment of the 
habit, by tonics, wine, &c. (Annali Universali di Me- 
dicina, 1829.) Dr. RogaettSL, in an essay on amaurosis, 
observes, that nothing so much enervates the body as fre- 
quent emissions of the semen; md especially when they 
are induced by the hand. The spasm which accompanies 
them, throws the body into all the infirmities of old age, 
while the retina and optic nerve gradually lose their 
faculty, and blindness is the result. He also relates several 
cases of amaurosis, which defied all means, and which 
owed their origin to luxuria manuensis — opus tnanuum. 
He reports the case of a young Jesuit, aged nineteen years, 
a native of Palermo, who laboured under great defect of 
vision, amounting to blindness. This unfortunate youth 
practised masturbation seven times a day ; and sometimes 
committed a more horrible crime. He was strenuously 
advised to discontinue his vices, to return home, and bathe 



BY VENEREAL BXOEgSES« 307 

in the sea. A clerical student^ aged twenty years, applied 
to me in 1825, affected with amaurosis* He was totally 
blind. On inquiring into the history of his disease, I 
asked him about venereal indulgences. He became con- 
fused, and burst into tears, and confessed that he committed 
excesses in self-abuse. He also stated, that he had cqn- 
suited many of the most eminent medical practitioners in 
this kingdom whom be named ; but none afforded him re- 
lief, nor did any one of them even allude to the cause of his 
disease. He had been studying for the ehurch, but aban- 
doned it, on account of his loss of vision. He despaired of 
relief, and at first refused to take any medicine, though he 
was finally cured. M. Sanson mentions the case of a 
derk of a notary, who from great excesses of different 
kinds, became amaurotic, and all remedies failed to relieve 
him. (Lancette Franc.^ Oct. 1831). The cause of 
blindness in these cases is easily explained. The sight is 
almost obliterated after the completion of the act of repro- 
duction, and excessive repetition may destroy it In proof 
of this assertion Hoffman, mentions the case of an aban- 
doned woman, whose sight was obscured ai'ter each sexual 
congress ; and she finally lost it. {De Morb, ex nim. 
ven.) It rarely happens that vision is suddenly destroyed ; 
it is generally enfeebled by degrees ; so that by the sufferer 
abandoning the vicious course, it may remain defective, or 
a cure may be effected. 

Lorry was the first to observe that the convulsive and 
spasmodic motions of the muscles of the eye-balls during 
venereal excesses, were followed by strabismus, or squint- 
ing. {See Houston's Manual of Diseases of the Eye, 
1838. English edition.) 

Defective hearing and deafness may also be induced, by 
the causes under consideration. These diseases are, com- 
paratively speaking, of rare occurrence ; but we sometimes 
meet with cases in which the patient complains of noises 

x2 



308 DISEASES CAUSED 

of different kinds in one or both ears ; and of varied sovndfl^ 
or of ringing, umilar to rustling of trees^ and other un- 
pleasant sensations. The hearing certainly beccmies doll, 
and even incurable deafness may be caused by venereal 
excesses. In such cases as wdl as in amaurons, great 
benefit will often be derived, and sometimes a cure ef- 
fected by a judicious use of strychnia^ both internally and 
externally. 

I have repeatedly been consulted in many cases of tem- 
porary and permanent deafness, in young persons as weU as 
in adults, arising from the causes under consideration. 
Some of these were speedily cured by the sufierer abandon- 
ing his errors, and by the use of ordinary remedies. 

The senses of smell, taste, and touch are often disor- 
dered by the causes under notice ; and a cure is more easily 
accomplished in these, than in the derangements of the 
other senses just described. 

Diseases of the circulatory system, — Continued and 
typhus fevers are sometimes induced by venereal excesses. 
Ev^ry writer on these diseases includes excessive venery 
among their causes. This was done from the most remote 
period of antiquity. Hippocrates gives the history of a 
youth aged sixteen years, who after having indulged in 
excesses with women and wine, was seized with all the 
symptoms of a typhoid fever. {De Morh, Vulgartbns, 
Lib, 3). Bartholin was called to treat the case of a newly 
married man, who was attacked, after conjugal excesses, 
with an acute fever, accompanied by i^ the usual symp- 
toms, which was cured by the ordinary remedies. Hoffman 
describes the case of a man who, after venereal excesses, 
was seized with fever, which continued for several days. 
( Op,\cit. 20, 21 ). Tissot records the cases of two vigorous 
young men, one of whom was seized the morning after 
his marriage, and the other on the second morning after 
his, with intense fever, which readily yielded to appropriate 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 309 

remedies. Sauvages states that fever is common in India 
from the same causes ; while Pinel attests, that mucous 
and typhous fevers are often induced in temperate climates, 
by excess of coition or masturbation. {Nosograph, Philos,, 
Wh Ed,, t. i.) According to other more recent writers, 
ardent fevers, are often excited in the East Indies, and 
yellow fever in the West Indies, by the abuses under 
notice. 

Diseases of the digestive system. — In consequence of 
the strong sympathy which exists, by means of nervous^ 
connexion between the digestive and sexual apparatus, the 
diseases of the one will readily affect the other. Hence it 
follows, that the digestive organs are greatly disordered by 
sexual abuses, and by the diseases of the genito-urinary 
organs, or any portion of them. The following symptoms 
usually occur from such causes : — derangement or loss of 
appetite; general debility; uncomfortable distention of 
the stomach after dinner or any full repast ; flatulent or acid 
eructations ; languor and aversion to motion ; great low- 
ness of spirits, and complaints of unpleasant sensations in 
every part of the body ; rumination ; sense of oppression 
and sinking after eating ; heart-bum ; irregularity of ap- 
petite ; either obstinate costiveness, or diarrhcea ; the alvine 
motions are brown or black ; small slow pulse, quickened 
upoh the slightest exertion ; palpitation ; flushed counte- 
nance after a meal ; the tongue dry, and generally white in 
the morning ; pale urine [^depositing a red (lithic acid) or 
a white sediment (the phosphates), with an oily pellicle on 
the surface"] ; cold extremities; sallow countenance; va- 
rious affections of the senses ; depraved vision, &c. ; pain 
in the head and breast ; dry skin ; somethnes, however, 
profuse diaphoresis or salivation ; disturbed sleep, fright- 
ful dreams, hectic fever, symptoms of hypochondriasis. 

AU these symptoms will not be present in every case of 
indigestion, though they exist invariably in bad cases ; and 



310 DI8BA8BB CAUSED 

are readily removed by proper remedies. I may here alto 
observe, that the lower bowd is often diseased in tbote 
persons who commit venereal excesses, and is prodnctiTe 
of painful safiering. 

DUeases of the Ipmpathic sffstem^ — The defaihtatiBg 
effects of venereal excesses often derange the ai»orbent or 
lymphatic system, and induce scrofula in young sub- 
jects. It frequently happens that scrofula and many 
other diseases disappear at puberty, when the sexual 
organs begin to devdope ; though other diseases occur at 
this period ; and the glands in the neck, under the arms, 
and in the groins, sometimes become enlarged and in- 
flamed, and may evoi suppurate, forming painful abscesses. 
The celebrated Cabanis has wdl described such cases, 
and every observant medical practitioner occasionally 
observes them. ^ From the moment that the evolution of 
the sexual organs commences, there is a general movement 
in the lymphatic system, the g^nds of the groins, the 
breasts, and those under the arms and in the neck enlarge, 
and often become painfuL The first essay of venereal 
pleasures," continues this celebrated author, ^^is often 
necessary to complete the oi^ns which supply them ; thus 
the general enlargement of all the glands, and especially 
those of the breasts, the anterior surface of the neck, is 
often the consequence of tins vivid commotion. This is 
most remarkable in women." Lordat relates a remaricable 
case in proof of this pathology. It was that of a young 
woman, the glands of whose neck inflamed and suppu- 
rated a few days after marriage ; and thus increased and 
diminished in sixe according as she enjoyed or avoided 
the embraces of her husband. (Dumas. Prmcipu de 
Physiologic), I also know a lady, aged thirty years, who 
informed me that the mammary glands became hot, 
tense, and very much swollen under the same circum- 
stances, and that this state exists during the whole period 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 311 

of pregnancy^ and until the cessation of lactation, or 
suckling. 

}i. Dalandeterie relates two bad cases of sciofula, ex- 
cited by venereal abuses. It is well known that this 
disease is always aggravated by debilitating causes. It is 
now also admitted^ by many eminent pathologists, that 
curvatures of the spine^ caries of the vertebrfe, rickets^ and 
even pulmonary tubercles (consumption) are scrofulous 
affections^ and are often developed by masturbation^ and 
other venereal excesses. 

Rickets, deformities of the spine, arrest of growth, and 
all scrofulous complaints are often caused by venereal 
abuses. (See p. 305.) Portal, Petit, Richard, and Vll- 
lermay, record many instances. Serrurier relates the case 
of a man who was reduced to the last state of marasmus, 
or emaciation, by venereal excesses. This unfortunate 
person, on attempting to sit in an easy chair, fractured his 
right thigh-bone in the middle, while crossing it over the 
left one. Thus, even that rare disease, medioally termed 
inability of bone, may be caused by the baneful excesses, 
to which allusion has been so often made in these pages. 

I have elsewhere described every species of Spinal and 
OTHBR Deformities of the Bones, as well as every 
species of Scrofula. (See Lectures, on Diseases of 
Children, London Medical and Surgical Journal, 1834-5-6. 
Manual of Midvoifery and Diseases of Women and 
Children, Srd edition, 1831. The Physician's Fade- 
meeum; or^ Manual of the Practice of Medicine, llth 
edition, 1837.) i 

Phthisis — pulmonary con^timption.— Many eminent 
pathologists consider pulmonary consumption closely allied 
to, if not a species of, scrofula, on account of the tubercles 
or small tumours in the substance of the lung, which sup- 
purate and produce the disease. This is an ancient as 
well ta a modem conclusion. Two of my relaticms and 



313 DISEASES CAUSED 

namesakes, who wrote on pulmonary consumption^ in- 
clined to entertain this opinion. I shall not now stop to 
discuss the pathology of phthisis; hut proceed to prove 
that this direful, and I helieve incurahle disease, what- 
ever advertising curers (the St. John Longs^ Ramadges, 
Holmes^ and Congreves) may puhlish to the contrary, is 
often accelerated by venereal excesses. 

It is well known that the respiratory organs are greatly 
agitated and congested during the venereal act, and that 
the breathing becomes affected. ^' How many young per- 
sons," says Portal in his work on Pulmonary consumption^ 
" are the victims of their unfortunate habit. Physicians 
daily see them imbecile, or so enervated both morally and 
physically, that they only enjoy a miserable existence; 
while some die of marasmus, and many of true pulmonary 
consumption." It results from numerous and well attested 
facts according to Foumier and B^n, that persons ad- 
dicted to onanism or other excesses, are almost always 
remarkable for the incom^^te development of their chests, 
and for sudden derangement of respiration on making any 
slight exertion, while such individuals very often contract 
either chronic catarrhs, or deeper seated diseases, as bron- 
chites, which terminate in well marked phthisis. {Diet, 
des Sciences Med, Art. Masturbation,) M. Broussais places 
amongst the causes of phthisis, '' erotic spasms," however 
excited. {Hist, des Phlegm^ Chroniques,) M. Deslandes 
relates two melancholy cases of consumption in persons of 
seventeen and twenty years of age, which were excited by 
excessive masturbation. Asthma is also induced by the 
same cause, as well as diseases of the heart and larger 
blood-vessels connected with it. It is impossible but that 
the frequent repetition of an act which renders the motions 
of the heart so strong, so frequent and so tumultuous, must 
produce aneurismal dilatations, thickening of the parietes 
or substance of the affected organ, as well as many ether 



BT VENEREAL EXCESSES. 313 

diseases^ both of its structure and of the large blood-vessels 
connected with it. Thus MM. Foumier and Begin, cor- 
rectly observe, in the work already cited, that in some cases, 
palpitations and considerable morbid changes in the heart 
and large vessels could be ascribed to no other cause than 
venereal excess of some kind or other. Sir Astley Cooper 
lately informed me in consultation, on the case of a young 
gentleman a patient of mine, that he had long since ob- 
served the tumultuous action of the heart in those who com- 
mitted the excesses under notice, I have fully described the 
s3rmptoms and treatment of all the diseases of the heart in 
another work, to which I must refer the reader, The Phy- 
sicians Vademecum^ 1 837, and cannot notice them further 
in these pages. I have also cited cases of sudden death 
during coition from rupture of an aneurism near the heart, 
and also from apoplexy, or rupture of blood-vessels in the 
. brain. Every well informed medical practitioner knows, that 
disorder or disease in any part of the body, may derange 
the whole frame, and induce diseases in every tissue in the 
human fabric, even in that of bone. But the different organs 
and tissues are affected in different d^rees, in proportion 
to the size and importance of the nerves which supply 
them ; and to the degree of sympathy which exists be- 
tween them. It is also a pathological axiom, that an organ 
or organs which constitute a physiological system, or an 
apparatus, will suffer most when primarily disordered or 
diseased; while they will derange, more or less, all the 
rest of the body. Accordingly we observe, that the genito- 
urinary organs when over exerted or diseased, suffer in 
common with all others similarly affected. 

Having ah^ady briefly noticed the disorders and dis- 
eases caused by the latter, in the cerebro-spinal system, 
the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive, I shall next pro- 
ceed to describe the diseases of the sexual organs, which 
flso form a physiological system in the human body. 



S14 IHlWiCTB GAirSKD 



Gtmit&^Hmmry AeMec — SitjiiaBs and n jBBphoiiiaiiii 
are diaenes in wfaiAtfae suiBat !f«eyinceanirrn B!itil il e de» 
are for copulation, as wdl as abase of die reprodnctife 
fbnctions. The first disease attada die male seK, tbe 
second tbe female. M. Dedandes is of opinion, and 1 
fiiDy agree witb bim, diat tbere is no real difierenoe be- 
tween these disfasfs and imbridled mastnrbation ; and thtt 
both oogfattobe considered ^ecies of insanity. Theysre 
bot Tarieties of the ssme morbid affiection, die only difo- 
ence bdng an inordinate desire for ooidoo, and for mas- 
tnrbation. I coold adduce many cases in support of die 
correctness of this condnsion. Satyriasis and nympho- 
mania are so accoratdy described in medical works, that I 
pnrposdy omit any further nodce of them in diese remarks. 
At one time I doubled if the latter ewer occurred in this 
country^ but I was informed of a most extra o rdinary caae^ 
which happened after ptfturition, to an unmarried female, 
idio was a patient under the care of my reqiecfeed fiiend, 
Mr. Mason, of Newington Butts. 

1 am wen aware that the records of medicine aflSird evi- 
dence diat excessiTe masturbadon has exdted onaniac 
satyriasis and nymphomania, and finally destroyed life, 
even during infancy, childhood, adolescence, and aduh 
age. M. Deslandes has collected some remarkable in- 
stances. In one case, a female infimt aged diree years, 
practised excessive self-abuse, and ndther caresses, oi- 
treaties, menaces, nor punishments, could restrain her. She 
appeared to lose her sight and hearing after the perfonn- 
ance of the act. She continued this deploraUe vice until 
the adult age, when she married. She ultimately died in 
chOd-bed. The following singular case is rdated by M. 
Duprest-Rony : A young man aged twenty yeaisi, of a 
robust habit, addicted himself from the age of fifteen to 
dghteen years to solitary vice, which he indulged in lo 
often as fifteen times in one day. His mind and memoiy 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 31A 

soon became impaired. For the last two years, says the 
narrator, he observed a rigid continence, and Trained his 
powers. He was now placed with a merchant, whose 
wife paid him so much attention, that on each interview 
he had a seminal emission. Notwithstanding all her se- 
ductive attempts, he informed her husband, who caused 
him to be removed. His delirium soon ceased, but his 
erections, followed by emissions continued. His digestion 
was greatly impaired for some time, but by the use of 
tonics and anti-spasmodics, and his abandoning vice, he 
was ultimately restored to perfect health. He married, 
and for six years afterwards, the period since his illness, 
he enjoyed perfect health. {Dissertation eur le Saty- 
rtasis, Paris.) 

M. Deslandes relates the case of a young woman, who 
was very much addicted to excessive self-indulgence. She 
was not cured by marriage, which was only a source of 
disappointment to her. She was totally insensible to the 
caresses of her husband, which were often followed by 
spasms and convulsions. She was a scrofulous hysterical 
subject. She remained in this condition to the age of 
twenty-two years. 

J could relate the histories of equally remarkable cases 
of the male sex, some of which finally yielded to moral 
and medical treatment. Others were afiected with pria- 
pism, or permanent erection of the penis, with or without 
venereal desire; some even suffered from pain, and some* 
times these states were induced by improper solicitations. 
There are now under my care two individuals, aged sixty 
and sixty-one years, who are affected in this manner. 
Both are public nuisances, for I have observed them by 
accident several times in the street, insulting every well- 
looking female who happened to pass by them. One is 
affected with herpes prepudalis, or an eruption behind the 
^ana penis, about which, he said, he had consulted the 



316 DISEASES CAUSED 

most eBiinent medical practitioners in this country and 
France, without obtaining any permanent relief. Accord- 
ing to his statement, he applied for advice to Mr. Aber- 
nethy. Sir Astley Cooper, Mr. Pearson, Sir B. Brodie^ 
Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Wardrop, Mr. Guthrie, Mr. Plumbe, 
&c., to MM. Dupuytren, Roux, Maijolin, &c. I remarked 
to him, that it was utterly impossible to expect a cure, 
while his amours were incessant and indiscriminate, — ^that 
were a man with a fractured leg to walk incessantly, union 
of the bone could not take place whilst he did so. This 
observation seemed to make a strong impression on him, 
he ultimately controlled his mind and abandoned his errors, 
and he soon got well. In other cases, inflammation of the 
womb or rectum, has been induced by persons labouring 
under priapism. I have known such instances. This 
will be more apparent by the following quotation. Cslius 
Aurelianus describes the case of an old man, who— *^ In 
seipsum manu operante, . nee quidquam tamen potuisse 
peragere; tensionem autem fuisse veretri nimiam, cum 
parvo dolore, ut cornu putaretur, et ita perseverasse multis 
mensibus ; nulli quoque a^utario medicinali cessisse, sed 
tardo atque longo tempore requievesse." (Lib. iii. c. xviii.) 

Such cases are, by no means, of rare occurrence, as the 
records of medicine very fully attest. 

There are few experienced medical practitioners I 
apprehend, who have not been consulted in cases of dan- 
gerous, and often fatal diseases of the womb, induced by 
worse than brutal violence of man. 

Masturbators who indulge to excess, have often tempo- 
rary or partial erections, which they endeavour to strengthen 
by artificial means, of which the following cases are in- 
stances. The first is related by M. Chopart, in his valu- 
able work on Diseases of the Urinary Organs — a book of 
reference and authority, from which I condense the fol- 
loidng extraordinary case; which is also recorded by 



BY VE17EBEAL EXCESSES. SIT 

Baron Richerand, in his work on Physiology ^ translated by 
Dr. Copeland : — 

*' A shepherd of Languedoc^ named Gabriel Gallien^ 
indulged in masturbation from the age of fifteen years so 
often as eight times a day ! At length he persevered for 
an hour without a seminal emission^ and sometimes passed 
blood, accompanied by convulsions. He employed the 
hand for eleven years, until the age of twenty-six, which 
then only induced constant priapism, which he endea- 
voured to allay by passing a piece of wood, about six 
inches long, into the urethra. He ejaculated for six years 
by means of this contrivance ; but the urethra finally be- 
came hard, insensible, and callous. The piece of wood at 
length became useless. A constant erection which nothing 
could allay, tormented him. He had an insurmountable ' 
repugnance to women, which is generally the case with 
masturbators. In utter despair, all his attempts having 
failed, he made an incision in the glans penis with his 
pocket-knife, in the course of the urethra. This so far 
from being followed by pain, was succeeded by an agree- 
able sensation, and an abundant seminal emission. Having 
made this discovery, and being again able to gratify his 
unnatural desires, he frequently performed the same 
operation, which was followed by the same result. After 
having effected this shocking mutilation, and succeeded in 
his vice, perhaps a thousand times, he at length failed ; 
and then divided the penis, by a longitudinal incision, 
into two equal halves, from the orifice of the urethra to the 
scrotum and symphisis pubis. l*his extraordinary opera- 
tion was followed by very copious hsmorrhage, which 
was restrained by tpng the penis firmly with a packthread 
or whipchord. The corpora cavernosa, or two halves, 
were capable of erection, but they diverged to the right and 
to the left. When the division of the penis arrived at the 
pubis, the knife could be carried no farther, and new privar 



318 DISEASES CAUSED 

tions and disappomtments ensaed. The patient now intro- 
daced a piece of switch into the remaining part of the oie- 
thra, 80 that the titillation of the very orifices of the seminal 
ducts was affected, and an crjaculation of semen followed. 
He continued this plan for ten yean^ until one day^ the 
piece of switch slipped from his fingers into the bladder. 
He was now speedily seized with violent pains in die 
bladder^ perineum, followed by retention of urine^ dis- 
charge of blood from the urethra, hiccup, vomiting, and 
bloody diarrhcea, for which he was brought to the Hotel 
Dieu of Narbonne. The head surgeon on examining him, 
was amazed to see two virile members of nearly the ordi- 
nary size. The operation for Uthotomy was indicated and 
performed ; and the piece of wood which had remained 
in the bladder for diree days, was removed, covered with 
calcareous matter <m one end. The patient recovered from 
the shock of the operation ; but he died in three months 
afterwards, of pulmonary consumption, induced by his 
inordinate excesses," On remembering the anatomical 
structure of the penis, it is almost impossible to credit that 
the incisions of the glans, and the accurate division of the 
organ into two equal halves, were made without the super- 
vention of fatal hemorrhage. The veins and artery of the 
penis must, in all probability, have beoi divided, as well 
as one or both of the vascular corpora caverniosa, which 
would be followed, in most cases, by destructive hemorr- 
hage. I do not believe there is a scientific sui^eon in the 
world, who would venture to perform such incisions in the 
glans, and much less attempt to divide the penis into two. 
Yet an ignorant person might succeed, as was the case 
with an illiterate Irish midwife, named Mary Dunnally* 
who first performed the cesarean operation in this empire 
successfully, with a razor, and even after two qualified 
medical practitioners had declined to do so, and had left 
the patient and her infant to perish, (See A Manual of 



BY YENEBEAL EXCESSES. 319 

Midwifery, 3d edition.) There are many other cases of 
genital mutilations, which deserve notice. 

A schoolmast^ of Saumur^ titillated the urethra with an 
iron rod^ seven or eight inches in lengthy the end of which 
he bent into a curve to increase his morbid sensation. One 
day he moved his hand violenUy^ when he felt severe pain^ 
more particularly when he fruitlessly endeavoured to with- 
draw the piece of iron. He now bent the external portion 
of the iron rod into a ring, so as to enaUe him to pull it 
away more forcibly. He pulled so sdrongly as to break 
the ring, but the hooked end of the iron rod remained un- 
moved. Sooner than die, he at length called in M. Far- 
deau of Saumur. The penis and scrotum were enormously 
swollen, hot^ and painful. The abdomen became dis- 
tended ; there was suppression of urine ; the face was red ; 
the pulse hard^ frequent, and contracted. M. Fardeau, 
made a careful examination, and detected the curve or 
ho<^ of the iron rod on the internal surface of the tube- 
osity of the ischium or seat- bone, on which a person sits. 
He cut down upon it, seized it^ and extracted it through 
the perineum. The patient was finally cured. {Lancette 
Franc. 1831. )Many similar cases are recorded by M.M. 
Deslandes, Chopart, Deschamps, Lamotte, Tolet, Mor- 
gagni. Van Swieten, Morand, Senn, Rigal, Civiale, &c. in 
which various foreign substances escaped from the urethra 
into the bladder, which were obliged to be removed by 
cutting operations. The usual results of such injuries are 
inflammations, indurations, ulcerations, and contractions 
of the urethra or strictures, painful diseases of the pros-: 
tate gland, in persons advanced in life, or who had frequent 
goncH'rhoeas, affections of the bladder, kidneys, with ca- 
tarrah of the bladder, gleet, retention of urine, and various 
diseases of the testicles, perinseum, and inferior bowel. 

It has also happened both in Paris and London, that 
aUgbt lithotritic instruments for grinding down stone in 



3S0 DISEASES CAUSED 

the bladder have brokeD, and been left behind ; hi one 
case of which Sir B. Brodie was called on to operate ; and 
there was another case^ in which, to my knowledge, was 
one of the most painful and fatal operations in surgery, 
namely, lithotomy allied to be performed to extract the 
foreign substance in the bladder, which, after all, was 
not extracted. Venereal insanity or excessive yenery 
leads some individuals to adopt proceedings not less ridicu- 
lous than equally dangerous, with those already mentioned* 
The virile member has been incarcerated in certain foreign 
substances. Sabatier records the case of a young man who 
passed the organ into the ring of a key, and placed the 
latter close to the pubis. Violent inflammation and swelling 
followed, and after very painful efforts, the parts being 
oiled, the ring was brought behind the glans, where it 
was arrested, and could only be freed by scarifications of 
the part to diminish the swellihg. The eschars separated 
and left deep ulcers, which were followed by cicatrices, 
which deformed the part, and it became necessary to in- 
troduce a sound into the urethra. {De la Med. Operat, 
1824.) 

The same author relates a case nearly similar, in which 
a young man passed the organ through a copper ring, 
which was fortunately divided with a strong scissors. 
Another passed a rough iron ring. The part on which it 
was passed inflamed and swelled very much under the 
ring. The latter was filed through with difficulty after a 
long time, a piece of wood being passed under it ; another 
patient was relieved in the same manner, but the part was 
strongly threatened with gangrene. (Op. cit) Mr. liston 
once removed a curtain ring, which had been imbedded in 
the penis for years. (See Edinburgh Med, and Surg. 
Joum. 1823, vol. 19. 

One of the most distressing cases of this kind, veas that . 
of a young man who, while in a bath, introduced the virile 



BY VENEREAL EXOESSES. 391 

membei into the aperture which let off the water. The 
result was that tumefaction of die glans^ rapidly supervened^ 
so that it was impossible for him to withdraw from the 
aperture. The loud screams of the sufferer at length 
brought him assistance ; and it was with great difficulty 
that he was extricated from his perilous situation. {Diet, 
des Sciences Med, t. xxxi. p. 107.) 

Baron Dupuytren, in his edition of Sabatier*s standard 
work, already quoted^ records similar instances. Another 
was that of a young man, who had passed the socket of a 
candlestick, before which the glans was enormously 
swollen. The edge of the socket was cut with a strong 
nippers ; and it was necessary to file the cylindrical portion 
which surrounded the penis. (Op. CiY., t. iv.) 

It would be easy to multiply cases of this kind, which 
have been recorded in different countries ; but enough have 
been noticed in the preceding paragraphs. I shall barely 
mention that Baron Dupu3rtren asserts he was called to 
relieve persons who had applied ligatures on the penis by 
means of a fine or strong padk thread. Young persons, 
and even adults, have tied the penis during the access 
of erotic delirium; and could not open the knot, so 
that a circular incision was required to be made in the 
skin^ and even through the urethra. In such cases, the 
cord must be divided with caution^) the wound dressed^ a 
gum elastic catheter passed into the bladder to prevent the 
formation of urethral fistula, or an accidental hypospadias. 
(Op. cit,] A very remarkable instance of this kind fell 
undei my own observation. A gentleman tied the penis 
very tighdy, so as to compress the urethra^ and pre- 
vent the seminal emission in congressu. He was seized 
with violent pain during the performance of this func- 
tion^ which obliged him to desist; and he found the 
glans swollen to three or four times its ordinary size^ and 
of a purple colour. The cord was so deeply imbedded in 

Y 



3S8 DIBEASBS OAVRBD 

the swollen skin^ that it could not be cat unthout wounding 
the integuments. The swollen glans^ or summit of the 
penis^ was compressed between the fore-finger and thumb, 
so as to force the blood it contained into the spongy tissue 
of the urethra ; and then a cold lotion was assiduously 
applied. It was with great difficulty that gangrene was 
prevented^ and diat the virile organ was preserved entire. 

Another species of strangulation, but one less dang^ous 
than those just described, may result from masturbation 
or coition, in individuals who have the aperture of the 
prepuce very dose, or who have congenital or accidental 
phymosis. In such cases, when the prepuce is forced 
behind the glans, it compresses the latter part, like a 
foreign substance or hgature, causes swelling, redness, 
pain, and sometimes sloughing ; and the disease termed 
paraphymosis is induced. I have known cases in which 
the prepuce was torn, and even the chief artery of the 
organ of which it is the covering, and then the Ltemcnr- 
hage was so profuse as to require the apphcation of a hga- 
ture on the bleeding vessel. The first case of this kind 
which I saw, was in the Charitable Infirmary, Jervis 
Street, Dubhn, in the practice of the late Professor l>ease, to 
whom I was then clinical assistant, and many of my con- 
temporaries, now living, also observed it. I have since seen 
several cases of this kind, and shall describe the treatment 
in another part of this work. 

Another disease of the prepuce, which is caused by con- 
tinual excitation of this part, is an eruption of small 
vesicles or red spots, termed herpes preputialie. This is 
a trifiing complaint, and usually disappears in a few weeks, 
even without any treatment, except washing the part with 
mild soap and water. The ointment of the oxide of zinc, 
acetate or iodate of lead, iodate of mercury, with the 
solutions of the latter, or of the bichloride (yellow wash), 
or chloride of mercury (black wash), usually effect a core, 



8T TBNEOIBAL EXOBflBES. 323 

proTided the aflfected parts are kept free from excitation. 
When the last precaution is not taken^ the disease may 
continue for thirty or forty years^ cases of which have 
fallen under my own care. (See p. 315.) 

Non-contagious urethral discharges. — There is some- 
times a thick^ or thin mucous discharge from the urethra 
of persons who commit venereal excesses of whatever kind, 
which when it dries on the inner garment^ resemhles white 
of egg. The lips of the meatus urinarius^ or external 
orifice of the urethra are often glued together in such 
cases. This disease may be a morbid secretion from the 
mucous membrane of the urethra^ and then is not con- 
tagious, though often mistaken for gonorrhoea. Such 
cases are extremely common ; and I have met with many 
instances. In some the discharge is yellowish^ and exactly 
similar to that of gonorrhoea, although the patient has 
never been exposed to that disease. I knew a medical 
student, who consulted many of our most distinguished phy- 
sicians and surgeons^ and who was told by all that he had 
contracted the disease by impure connexion. I concluded, 
after a careful examination^ that it arose from masturba- 
tion, and this he finally acknowledged. A similar case is 
recorded by Closs^ ( De Cronorrhcea Virulenta Tabingin, 
1764). M. Lallemand has well observed, that a similar 
discharge arises from sexual excesses between healthful 
persons^ and especially when they indulge in the use of 
inebriating liquors ; and it may also occur when the female 
genitals are too rigid or contracted. {Observations sur les 
Maladies des Organes Genito-Urinaires, 1837). 

Obstetric wnters nodce such cases. Similar discharges 
are sometimes observed in newly-married persons, and 
often give rise to groundless suspicions. Experienced 
physicians have met with these cases^ among whom are 
MM. Cullerier and Ratier. {Diet, de Med. et Chir. 
Pratiques^ tom. iv., and obstetric authors). A question 

y2 



324 DISEASES CAUSED 

has arisen as to the contagioosness of the discharge. AU 
experienced obstetricians, or accoucheurs, decide in the 
negative. Mr. Travers entertains the contrary opinion, 
and considers it infectious. He, almost alone, is of opi- 
nion that muco-purolent leucorrhoea, or yellowish vaginal 
discharges, commonly called " whites," will produce go- 
norrhoea in the male ; but, for my own part, I have been 
consulted in numerous cases of such discharges, and I 
never could arrive at a similar conclusion. (Manual of 
Midwifery), It is here to be stated that inflammation of 
the urethra or vagina, which gives rise to these discharges, 
may extend to the bladder, ureters, and kidneys, and pro- 
duce dysury and strangury. Catarrh of the bladder, or a 
mucous or albuminous discharge with the urine, is some- 
times caused by venereal abuses. Professor Lallemand 
relates a case of an individual who had long indulged in 
venereal excesses, who was incessantly annoyed by irre- 
sistible desires to evacuate the bladder, which was ac- 
complished with much difficulty. ( Fide ante^ p. 284). 
There was no obstruction in the urethra. He men- 
tions another case, in which the individual took coffee 
to excess, which, with excessive venery, inflamed the 
whole genito-urinary apparatus. It must be evident, from 
the preceding observations, that venereal excesses, of what- 
ever kind, ought to be interdicted in the cases of those 
afiected with acute or chronic genito-urinary diseases. 
Nothing is more injurious to persons labouring under 
gonorrhoea, gleet, leucorrhoea (whites), of a chronic or 
long-continued duration. 

Incontinence of urine, or a frequent desire to evacuate 
the bladder, is a common consequence of excessive mas- 
turbation or coition. MM. Sainte-Marie and Lallemand 
have remarked, that most of the individuals affected with 
involuntary diurnal, and nocturnal pollutions, suffered, in 
infancy, from incontinence of urine. (Opera Citatay 



BT VENEREAL EXCESSES. 325 

According to my own experience^ ibis is frequently the 
case; but in some of the instances about which I have 
been consulted, it was not so. It is true, that incontinence 
of urine in infancy indicates either irritation or excite- 
ment of the genito-urinary organs, but such morhid states 
may be improved or cured, in infancy or childhood, by 
sedatives at bed-time, and by diminishing the quantity of 
drink in the evening, regulating the diet, &c. (M. Lalle- 
roand relies on aromatic baths, on which I place little, or 
rather, no reliance, (Op. CiL) ;) and consequently, diurnal 
or nocturnal pollutions do not, or need not, necessarily 
follow. 

Spermatorrhoea — seminal weakness. — One of the most 
common consequences of venereal excesses is an involun- 
tary discharge of semen. This disease is termed sperma- 
torrhcsa, involuntary pollution, and by quacks, ^' seminal 
weakness," which may also result from many other cause;. 
But as masturbation, or excessive venery, is the most com- 
mon cause, I shall consider it specially. M. Lallemand 
states in his work ( Des Pertes Seminales Involontaires^ 
1837) on involuntary seminal discharges, that in the space 
of thirteen or fourteen years he had been consulted in 
more than one hundred and fifty such cases, which were 
ascribed to head, nervous, and hypochondriacal affections. 

The only imperfect account of this disease hitherto 
published is that of Wichman with the commentaries of 
M. Sainte-Marie, already cited. Such was all we pos- 
sessed, until the production of the author from whom I 
am about to quote, — on a disease which degrades man, 
embitters his best days, and ravages society. The obser- 
vations of most other authors betray great ignorance on 
the subject M. Lallemand has filled up the lacune, and 
fully explained the nature and treatment of this class of 
diseases. 

I have akeady observed, that involuntary and sponta- 



326 dubases caused 

neons discharges of the semen occurring to robost and 
continent individuals are necessary to relieve the economy 
from the excitation of its accumulation. These are ana- 
logous to profuse perspiration and other excretions (see 
p. 263) : but they become inconvenient and dangerous in 
proportion to their frequency^ abundance, and the consti- 
tution of the individual They are often induced by vene- 
real excesses in consequence of coition or masturbation. 
The spermatic oi^ns are in a state of irritation after such 
excesses^ and secrete profusely, so that the seminal fluid 
excites premature emissions when there is incomplete ereo- 
tion, and without the natural venereal impulse, nay. some- 
times without any pleasurable sensation. In bad cases, 
the ejaculatory ducts become so relaxed, that there are 
emissions without any erection, and during the straining 
made in the acts of evacuation of the bladder or bowels. 
M. Lallemand judiciously remarks, that excessive seminal 
emissions, however caused, are equally injurious to the 
constitution; and I fully agree with him in opinion. 
Natural nocturnal pollutions require no remedy; but 
nocturnal or diurnal, when too frequent, or when con- 
stant, are serious diseases, (see p. 264.) 

Causes. — ^The most frequent and powerful causes of 
spermatorrhoea is inflammation, irritation, or debility of 
the organs destined for the secretion and excretion of the 
sperm, and ample proofs are afibrded by inspection of the 
affected parts after death. To accomplish this inspection, 
it is necessary to remove the muscles at the inferior part 
of the trunk, and to incise the pulnc bones ; and to ex- 
amine the state of the testicles, spermatic cords, defierent 
canals, and seminal vesicles. This examination requires 
time, patience, and skill. I have already described the 
nature of the diseases under notice, (see p. ^6S,) 

I shall now merely observe, that blennorrhagia, or gonor- 
hcea, is the most frequent cause of spermatorrhoea. The 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 327 

Tile habits of masturbation and onanism are also very 
powerful causes. 

I may here however observe, that pollutions of what- 
ever kind, are sometimes caused by diseases of the rectum 
or lower bowel, as internal piles, costiveness, tumors pres- 
sing on the bowel, stricture, scirrhus, or open cancer of 
this part ; ascarides, or by the individual sitting too long, 
as many girls do, as well as youths and men engaged in 
sedentary employments^ Such persona partially paralyse, 
the nerves of the loins, which supply the genito-urinary 
organs ; and predispose them to disease. 

M. Lallemand narrates several cases of affections of the 
rectum which caused pollutions. The distention of this 
bowel with hardened faecal matter presses on the seminal 
receptacles, and acts purely mechanical. A collection of 
air or gas will act in the same manner, (see p. 328.) Piles, 
fissures, fistuls, eruptions near the anus accompanied by 
pains, and spasmodic contractions of the sphincter ani 
will also irritate the seminal vesicles, and cause them to 
evacuate their contents. In cases of obstinate costiveness, 
there is generally more or less heat or irritation in the 
rectum and contiguous parts. 

It is also well known, that chronic inflammation of the 
urinary and genital organs will irritate the rectum, and 
cause it to expel its contents,^ and often induce disorga- 
nization of this part of the digestive canal, j 

There are two kinds of involuntary pollutions, the con^ 
vuUive and non-convulHve ; the first being preceded by 
more or less erection ; the second occurring in the collapsed 
or tranquil, or ordinary state of the penis. There are in* 
termediate species between these, as cases of spermatorrhoea 
accompanied by semi-erection or semi-convulsion, and 
sudden or premature emissions. 

Involuntary pollutions are also divided into diurnal and 
nocturnal, between whidi there is a great difference. The 



328 DISEASES CAUSED 

first are produced by venereal excesses of whatever kind; 
while the second may also arise from the same causes, or 
from the most rigid continence, (see p. 263^) The first 
are most debilitating; the second are natural efforts occur- 
ring once a week, fortnight, month, &c. according to the 
halnts and temperament of the individual, (see p. 264.) 

/ It is almost universally admitted, that the contractions 
of the seminal receptacles, as well as of the perineal and 
bulbo-cavemous muscles, effect the seminal ejaculation. 

Convulsive spermatorrhoea or pollution is not a disease, 
unless it happens too frequently, and then produces all 
the bad effects of excessive coition or masturbation, (see 
p. 272) ; but this rarely occurs unless in those individuals 
who have been previously guilty of such excesses. Sleep 
is the most favourable time for such emissions, and they 
rarely happen during the waking hours, unless from the 
influence of a morbid imagination. 

The warmth of the bed, and lying on the back, which 
increases the warmth and excitation of the lower part of 
the spinal marrow, the source of the genital nerves, cause 
convulsive and involuntary emissions of the semen. The 
collection of gas or air in the lower bowel towards morn- 
ing presses on and excites the seminal receptacles, causes 
amorous ideas, and also gives rise to erection, which is 
further excited by the presence of the bed-dothes, when 
the person lies on the back. It is in this position, that 
nocturnal emissions usually happen; when the sleep is 
profound, the individual is unconscious of what has oc- 
curred, and only discovers it on waking, and learns its bad 
effects from the debility which he experiences next day. 
Persons who suffer, too frequently, from seminal emissions 
at night, have either excited the organs too much, or occu- 
pied their minds with immodest objects, and with reflec- 
tions not only on human, but comparative reproduction. 
The person dreams of the otgects which have excited the 



BT VENEREAL EXCESSES. 329 

genital organs during the day, and these often cause semi- 
nal emissions. These pollutions are often as debilitating 
as those produced by voluntary means ; and the indivi- 
dual feels debility and is indisposed to a greater or less ex- 
tent, during the foUovving day^ and therefore those liable 
to them, should always go to sleep on either side. 

This disease often continues after all sexual incentives 
either moral, physical, or mechanical, are removed. The 
secretion of semen may be increased and evacuated sud- 
denly, with or vdthout erection, and also without the usual 
impulse or feeling. In some cases, the ejaculdtory ducts 
may expel the semen under such circumstances ; and this 
often occurs during defecation or the evacuation of the 
bowels, or with, or after the expulsion of the urine. There 
are various species of this miserable disease. In such cases 
the semen is much thinner than natural, as it is evacuated 
almost as soon as it is secreted, and is Uierefore unprolific. 
In the former cases the semen flows, but is not ejaculated, 
and the disease is termed involuntary diurnal pollution. 
This disease was described by Hippocrates as common to 
newly married persons and libertines, especially on the 
evacuation of the bowels and bladder, (X)e Morbis^ lib. ii.) 
It is unaccompanied by erection, or venereal sensation. 
Celsus also describes it, lib. iv. Morgagni likewise notices 
it, and ascribes it, in some instances, to compression of the 
seminal vesicles by hardened fscal matters in the lower 
bowel ; and he considered the urethral discharge prostatic 
in some, and the mucus of the seminal vesicles in others. 
{De Sedibus et causis Morb, Epist. 44.) Wichman was 
the first, who described it elaborately in 1782, in his work 
published at Gottingen. (De Pollutione diurna fre^ 
quenti, &cc,) 

Many of those affected with this disease are very low 
spirited^ nervous, and melancholic, and suffer from indi- 
gestion, flatulency, acidity of the stomach, and general 



330 DISEASES CAUSED 

weakness. This form of disease is very common £rpm 
the age of twenty-five to forty or fifty years ; and to those 
who have committed venereal excesses or repeatedly con- 
tracted gonorrhea. 

M. Sainte-Marie ascribes diurnal involuntary pollution 
to disease of the spinal marrow. Swediaur called it pros- 
tatic blenorrhoea ; while Cullerier said there was another 
form, in which a few drops of semen were forced thiough 
the urethra during the straining on evacuating the bowels. 
(Diet, dea Soienoes^ Med, U xix.) Boerhaave, ifaller^ and 
John Hunter denied the existence of this disease. Lalle- 
mand has^ however^ lately controverted their opinion, and 
maintains, from the histories of one hundred and fifty 
cases, that spermatorrhoea is caused by an inflamed or 
irritated state of the vesiculae seminales. {Observations 
tur les Maladies des Organes Genito-Urinaries, 1837.) 
J fully agree with this experienced author, both as to the 
nature and treatment of this disease. 

He has repeatedly discovered by the inspection of the 
genital organs after death, that urethral discharges arose 
from many causes besides contagion, such as inflammation 
of the mucous membrane of some portion of the urethra, 
neck of the bladder, of the secretory follicles in this mem- 
brane, and that those of the prostate gland were consider- 
ably enlarged. In such cases, the mucous surface was 
swollen, red, soft, and easily torn ; the mucous crypts ad- 
mitted a probe or sound as large as a crow s quilL Such 
was the condition of those who suffered from stricture, and 
of others, who had long laboured under discharges from 
the urethra : amongst these patients were some who died 
from chronic diseases of the kidney, bladder, prostate 
gland, or seminal receptacles ; while more died of diseases 
in other organs in difierent parts of the body. Hence he 
concluded, that obstinate urethral discharges which resist 
all ordinary treatment, arise from an akeratioin in the 



B¥ TENERBAL EXCESSES. 331 

mucous membrane^ and secretory follicles. He also found 
that sudi discharges continued after the cure of stricture, 
as the affected tissue or part possessed a kind of new orga- 
nization ; and that it was impossible to expect a complete 
revolution and permanent change in the capillary conges* 
tion wbich had existed for several years^ unless by a direct^ 
energetic and deep impression^ which would cause a per- 
manent change^ destructive of a depraved sensibility, and 
modifying the vitality of the affected part. It appeared to 
him, that the nitrate of silver was the best agent to accom- 
plish sucB a result Analogy justified this conclusion, as 
this remedy was successful, in many external diseases, 
such as in certain chronic ulcers, certain forms of ophthal*- 
mia, leucorrhcea, &c. 

M. Lallemand then employed his remedy, and, after 
having destroyed strictures, he cauterized two inches of 
the urethra beyond the stricture and towards the neck of 
the bladder. The first application of the caustic obviously 
diminished the discharge, and gave the affected organs an 
unusual vigour. The application was renewed in about 
two months afterwards, when the discharge rapidly dimi- 
nished, and the patient regained his natural energy. This 
practice was generally successful, and was next employed 
in obstinate cases of blennorrhagia which had resisted aU 
other mediods of treatment. The caustic is to be applied 
to the curvature of the urethra, whose mucous membrane 
is congested and thickened in consequence of obstinate 
urethral discharges ; and this alteration is increased as it 
extends towards the neck of the bladder. It is at this 
part, that the mucous crypts are most numerous ; and th€ 
prostate gland is composed of them, is a re-union of these 
follicles of a peculiar dense tissue. The mucous mem- 
brane, which covers the surface of the prostate gland, is 
pierced through by the numerous orifices of their excretory 
ducts. If we compress the gland, we readily perceive the 



Sd2 DISEASES CAUSED 

escape of an uncdous flaid from a multitude of pores q( 
these ducts. When they become diseased, the size of thdi 
excretory or external orifices, is «o enlarged, as to adroit a 
common sound which has sometimes made a false passage 
through the prostate. In other cases, many of the orifices 
*are united into one, in consequence of the destruction of 
the mucous membrane which separates them — the part 
appears ulcerated, and if a probe be passed into this part, 
it will penetrate in different directions, which proves that 
many follicles terminate in one common opening. In 
more cases, the follicles may unite in the substance of the 
gland, the tissue which separates them, having been de- 
stroyed by suppuration, so that there will be many orifices 
opening into one cavity. Thus there may be one, or 
several cavities of this kind in the prostate, some of which 
are distinct, while others communicate with each other. 
In fine, the destruction may go on to such an extent, that 
the great part of the prostate forms a pouch, covered by 
mucous membrane, pierced by many openings. The sub- 
stance of the gland is now destroyed, and there only 
remains its fibrous covering. M. Lallemand observes, 
that up to the period at which he wrote, he never found 
but the inferior portion of the prostate thus disorganized. 
He has seen its body entirely destroyed, without the 
lateral parts being affected; and he always found the 
superior part in a healthful condition. 

Such were tbe disorganizations observed by the justly 
celebrated Professor after obstinate urethral discharges, 
some of which were preceded by symptoms of acute in- 
flammation of the prostate gland, followed by those of 
suppuration. In two cases, he was able to detect the 
disease through the rectum, while in other instances the 
malady advanced so slowly, that it was only to be sus- 
pected by the state of the urine, and other symptoms, of 
whidi this is not the place to give an account. He very 



BY TENEREAL EXCESSES. 333 

properly admits, that he does expect that caustic, or any 
other remedies could cure many such cases ; hut he judi- 
ciously remarks, that it is important to determine in what 
part of the urethra they are situated, so as to know where 
to apply the caustic, with the view of modifying the state 
of the affected tissues, when this isadyisahle. 

Symptoms,— -Those who lahour under disease of the 
prostate gland, experience uncomfortable or painful sensa- 
tions in the affected part, or in the space between the 
scrotum and anus, or near the margin of the latter, which 
vary in different individuals, according to age, habit, ex- 
tent of existing disease, &c. ; and the symptoms are in- 
creased during the evacuation of the urine or contents of 
the bowels, also after much exertion on foot, on horseback, 
or by riding in any kind of vehicle. The sufferer expe- 
riences a frequent and urgent desire to evacuate the bladder, 
and this want is felt so suddenly that it is often irresistible ; 
he also feels, at the same moment, more or less heat or 
pain near the neck of the bladder, and particularly at the 
commencement and termination of the evacuation of the 
urine. If we pass a catheter into the urethra, it will cause 
great pain at the curvature of the canal, which will be 
increased near the neck of the bladder ; and there is often 
such spasm excited, as to prevent the instrument from 
advancing. In such cases, the patient cannot bear the 
instrument longer than a few seconds, on account of the 
acute pains and spasmodic contractions which it occasions. 
All these symptoms prove that the irritation is seated in or 
near the prostatic portion of the urethra ; and that this is 
the part of the canal which ought to be cauterized. 

Such cases are extremely common in those, who have 
abused the sexual function, and have committed excesses 
of whatever kind. The patients often suffer from stricture 
or narrowing, or sometimes almost obliteration of the 
urethra, within an inch or two of the prostate gland; 



33-i DISEASES CAUSED 

while many have the prostatic portion in the same cod* 
ditions. I have had numerous cases of this kind under 
my care, have sometimes showed patients drawings of 
genito-urinary diseases, and was often surprised at the 
accuracy with which they pointed out the seat o^f their 
complaints. (See Plates at the end.) 

Many patients lahouring under urethral discharges, 
whether mucous, prostatic, or seminal, are often relieved 
without the use of caustic, hy means of copaiba, cubebs, 
buchu, &c, while others are not. In the latter cases, when 
all other means had failed, i hanre emfdoyed caustic with 
decided success, though it is seldom used in this country, 
notwithstanding the numerous successful cases recorded 
by MM. Duchamp, Tarvenio*, Lallemand, &c. Indeed, 
patients afi^ted ¥dth chrdnic urethral discharges for 
several years, generally " go the round of the doctors'* 
without benefit, and no one has as yet informed me that 
the application of caustic had been proposed, or this re- 
medy employed. I am well aware of the strong objection 
to, indeed, almost prejudice against, the use of caustic 
bougies in this country, and am not surprised at it, from 
the serious evils produced by the crude and unsafe bougies 
used in this kingdom. I can also bear my testimony in 
favour of the use of simple bougies in curing most cases of 
stricture of the urethra ; though these instruments often ag- 
gravate the condition of the canal which gives rise to dis- 
charges. But the objections to the British armed or 
caustic bougies cannot be urged against the French, espe- 
cially those of Duchamp, Tarvenier, and Lallemand. The 
great superiority of these is, that the caustic can be applied 
to the diseased part of the urethra alone, which cannot be 
done with the British instruments. It is scarcely neces- 
sary to observe, that the diseased portion of the urethra 
should be ascertained by means of a soft or explorative 
bougie^ before the application of the caustic It is also 



BY VENE&EATi EXCESSES. 333 

essential that the patient should be in the standing pos- 
ture when the latter is applied^ to prevent a solution of it 
escaping into the bladder. It is likewise important to state 
that the bladder should not contain any urine when the 
caustic is applied^ as there would be an urgent desire to 
evacuate it excited^ and it would, while passing, dissolve 
the nitrate of silver, and convey it to sound parts of the 
cana]^ thus not cauterising the affected part, and injuring 
without necessity other parts of the canal. This is what 
is done by using the armed or caustic bougies of this 
country — a practice which is highly reprehensible and 
dangerous. 

There is sometimes acute pain caused by the application 
of the caustic, though, in most cases, the patient does not 
distinguish it from catheterism. Mr. Macilwain also at- 
tests this fact in his valuable work. 

In other cases, the pain ceases on or soon after the 
removal of the instrument; though it may continue for 
some hours afterwards. These variations depend on dif- 
ferences of constitution, state of health, condition of dis- 
eases, season, climate, &c. 

When the prostatic portion of the urethra is cauterized, 
there is often a sense of pain simultaneously felt in the 
neck of the bladder, or in the margin of the anus, or in 
the rectum, and the sphincter is strongly contracted. This 
sensation is renewed whenever the bladder or rectum is 
evacuated, and causes confinement of the bowels. When 
the latter act, the motions are sometimes tinged with 
blood, and in some cases a few drops of the latter fluid 
escape from the penis. These symptoms clearly show the 
intimate sympathy which exists, from nervous connexion 
between the lower bowel or rectum and the prostatic por- 
tion of the urethra, the neck of the bladder, and ducts of 
the seminal receptacles, and should be kept in mind when 



335 DISEASES CAUSED 

considering the nature and causes of diurnal and noc- 
turnal pollutions. 

When the caustic is applied, there is an urgent desire to 
void the urine, and the sufferer is often compelled to do so 
in an instant ; but this desire gradually subsides in a few 
hours or days. \Vlien the urine is passed, after the use of 
the caustic, there is a sense of burning heat in the cau- 
terized part, and a contraction, which more or less extends 
along the whole canal. The last drops of the urine are 
sometimes tinged with blood. These symptoms diminish 
in a few hours, and generally cease by the end of the day. 
They are also less intense on the evacuation of the bladder 
on the following day, and on the third day they are still 
slighter. The eschars come away in greyish or brownish 
shreds on the third or fourth day, and the urine may now 
be slightly tinged with blood ; and there also may again 
be severe pain on voiding it, for a day or two. 

The urethral discharge, of whatever duration, generally 
disappears during the first three days after the application 
of the caustic ; it returns on the fourth, is increased on 
the fifth or sixth, and again diminishes or ceases from the 
tenth to the twentieth day. Thus the secretion is sup- 
pressed while the eschars occupy the mucous membrane, 
it increases when these fall off, and diminishes as the 
inflammation subsides. It is to be remembered that the 
inflammation caused by the caustic is acute, and situated 
on the surface of the mucous membrane; whilst the 
former was chronic, and principally affected the mucous 
cryptee ; so that the consecutive discharge is totally dif- 
ferent from the former one ; it is sometimes more profuse, 
streaked with blood ; but it is less opaque, thick, resem- 
bling the white of egg, or a more or less concentrated 
solution of gum, and finally it becomes watery. In most 
cases, however long continued, two or three cauterizations. 



BT YENEREAL EXCESSES. 337 

at the interval of from ten to twenty-five days^ are suffi* 
cient to effect a cure ; but there are some instances in whidi 
these are insufficient to aflbrd relief; while there are some 
cases in which the remedy fails. M . Lallemand has cured 
the most obstinate urethral discharges by this method in 
nine cases out of ten, and after all medicines had failed. 
He candidly states the inconveniences which occasionally 
result from cauterization. In four cases there was inflam- 
mation of the testicle^ induced after three or four days. 
This arose from the action of the caustic on the orifices of 
the ejaculatory canals^ and produced in them^ which were 
predisposed to disease^ the same effect as a common 
bougie or catheter, that is, an irritation which extended to 
the seminal vesicles, and from these to the deferent canal 
extending to the testicle ; but these inflammations were 
not more frequent or dangerous than those caused by 
common bougies in the treatment of stricture ; and in the 
four cases, the disease rapidly yielded to the ordinary anti- 
phlogistic treatment. 

It may also happen that the caustic may be introduced 
into the bladder, when this organ is distended with urine, 
when the size of the urethra is notf accurately ascertained 
before the use of it, or when the patient is placed in the 
horizontal position (on the back). But this accident can- 
not happen if the operator observes the precautions already 
indicated. 

In fine, the effects of all remedies are variable, and so 
are those of the nitrate of silver, which may depend on the 
state of the diseased part, whether the instrument contain 
more or less of the caustic, and whether the cauterization 
has been made for a longer or shorter time. Thus, the 
d^ee of acute inflammation caused by it may be insuf- 
ficient, or too great, and in the latter case is to be com- 
batted by ordinary means^ as leeches and fomentations to 

z 



838 DI8BA8E8 CAUSED 

the pedDemn, hip-bath^ general wann bath, mudlaginoQi 
drinks to dimmish the acridity of the urine^ &c. 

Chronic purulent urethral discharges, — In some caies 
there are albuminous or purulent dischai^es from the 
urethra, long after the acute state of gonorrhoea has sub- 
sided. In such cases, there may be one or more points of 
ulceration in the urinary canal, which may be readily 
detected by passing a bougie down to the affected part, 
when the contraction, or spasm of the urethra, will arrest 
its progress. The situation being thus ascertained, the 
sound containing the caustic is passed down to the affected 
part, and then the caustic is to be pushed forward upon it 
In such cases, a small portion of the nitrate of silver, or a 
slight application will be sufficient ; and one or two trials 
will be enough to effect a rapid cure. 

Chronic inflammation of the neck of the bladder. — it is 
evident from the preceding account of diseases of the 
prostate gland, that there is a close affinity between ciscases 
of the prostatic portion of the urethra and those of the 
neck of the bladder ; and the symptoms of both are often 
present, though sometimes distinct. Diseases of both 
parts are preceded hj chronic discharges, resulting from 
the inflamed state of the urethra in gonorrhoea ; and ir- 
ritation or inflammation of the urinary canal may not only 
extend along its whole extent, from the external orifice, 
but to the neck of the bladder, to the prostate gland, the 
orifices of the seminal ducts, the seminal receptacles, the 
deferent ducts, testicles, but also along the inner or mucous 
surface of the bladder, hence along the ureters, and ft*om 
these to the kidneys. Every well informed physician and 
surgeon will admit the soundness of this pathology, as the 
symptoms during life, and the morbid appearances after 
death, leave no doubt on the subject. There are some 
superficially informed practitioners, who consider gonor- 



BT VfiNBREAL BICODSSES. 3S9 

rhcea a very trifling disease^ but those only estimate its 
commonest symptoms and inconveniences. When the 
neck of the bladder is affected^ the acute pain in the part^ 
the urgent and frequent necessity of passing urine^ and 
the aggravation of the symptoms on the introduction of 
an instrument; which will be accompanied by severe 
and painful spasmodic contraction of the urethra^ from its 
external to its internal orifice^ as well as the violent state 
of agony^ when the catheter arrives at the neck of the 
bladder, leave no room to doubt the seat of the disease. 
This distressing complaint is very common to those who 
have committed venereal excesses, is often confounded 
with stricture of the urethra, and frequently, lays the 
foundation of many incurable diseases, not only of the 
genito-urinary organs, but likewise of those in the head, 
chest, and abdomen. 

It is scarcely necessary to mention^ that the prostatic 
portion of the urethra, which passes into the neck of 
the bladder, is very much excited by venereal excesses, 
and very much predisposed to contraction, inflamma- 
tion, ulceration, or induration, in those who commit 
them. When urethral discharges arise from certain mor- 
bid states of the neck of the bladder, similar to those 
of the prostatic portion of the urethra, already described, 
the use of nitrate of silver, as in such cases, is equally 
efficacious. 

M. Lallemand has also found this application equally effi- 
cient when made on the orifices of the ejaculatory canals in 
the prostatic portion of urethra, in real cases of spermator- 
rhoea, or involuntary seminal emissions. It allayed irrita- 
tion, inflammation, and debility in the above named canals, 
the seminal receptacles, the deferent canals, and the testi- 
cles. It caused natural contraction in the canals, and an 
increased secretion in the latter organs. It induced a most 
valuable tonic or restorative effect. The natural vigour of 

z2 



340 DISEASES CAUSED 

the genital organs was greatly increased^ the geseral healtb 
was much improved ; and all local symptoms entirely dis- 
appeared. 

iVl. Lallemand gives an account of several cases in his 
valuable work last cited, some few of which I shall con- 
dense. 

M. S. suffered from chronic headache, hypochondriasis, 
diurnal pollutions, and pain in the right kidney. The 
appearances after death were suppuration of the right 
kidney, nearly total destruction of the prostate, disease in 
the ejaculatory ducts, and seminal vesicles : all the other 
organs were sound. 

A man, aged sixty-three years, had repeatedly con- 
tracted gonorrhoea, which was finally succeeded by urethral 
discharge, hypochondriasis, and frequent determination of 
blood to the head. After much sufieiing he died. The 
morbid appearances were, suppuration of the seminal re- 
ceptacles, ossification of deferent canals, inflammation of 
the bladder, chronic adhesions of the arachnoid membrane 
of the brain, and of the pleura, with suppuration of the 
muscles of the neck and shoulders. 

A man, aged forty-one years, had contracted a violent 
gonorrhoea, which induced inflammation of the testis. 
These symptoms were subdued, but a slight urethral dis- 
charge continued to the fiftieth year, accompanied by pain 
in the prostatic region and fossa navicularis, with obstinate 
costiveness. The patient experienced much difficulty in 
evacuating the bladder, from the age of fifty to sixty years, 
complicated with derangement of digestion, lowness of 
spirits, and remarkable diminution in the intellectual fa- 
culties. The appearances after death were, abscesses and 
tubercles in the kidneys, stricture of the urethra, consider- 
able effusion of blood into the left ventricle of the brain, 
and hypertrophy or enlargement of the heart. 

A musician, aged thirty-two years had contracted go- 



BY VENEREAL EX0E6SES. 341 

norrhoea several times^ which was succeeded by bad stric-i 
ture^ retention of urine^ delirium, and death. On exami- 
nation of the body after death, the kidneys were injected 
with blood, there was inflammation of the bladder, pus in 
the prostate, left seminal vesicle, and left testicle. The 
tunica vaginalis on the left side was obliterated. {StolL 
Pars prima Medendu) The history of this case clearly 
proves a fact 'already mentioned, that gonorrhoea may 
involve all the genito- urinary organs in destructive in- 
flammation, (see p. 338.) 

M. Lallemand has also repeatedly observed, that dis- 
eases of the prostate, seminal vesicles, deferent canals, &c. 
may induce symptoms of cerebral and gastro-enteritic 
complaints ; and that in such affections, the former organs 
wiU be found in a morbid state. He relates several cases 
in illustration of the truth of this statement. He is also of 
opinion, that though abundant and long-continued loss of 
semen may induce such diseases; yet that the existence of 
many inflammations at the same time, between which 
there is no other connexion than a general disposition of 
the economy, is a mere coincidence. He further observes, 
that there is often a great obscurity in the symptoms of 
acute inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal re- 
ceptacles. Pus and tuberculous matter have been found 
in these parts, in the deferent canals, and even in the 
testicles. 

The preceding observations clearly show the manner in 
which inflammation of the urethra (gonorrhoea) is ex- 
tended to the prostate, the seminal vesicles, the deferent 
canals, the testicles, and even to the vaginal tunics, or 
coverings of these organs. 

A man, aged sixty-six years, became dropsical, after a 
long-continued intermittent fever. The right kidney was 
enlarged, of a whitish yellow colour, the part which cor- 



Si2 DI8BA8B8 CAUSED 

responded to the loins was thin, hard« elastic^ and without 
any trace of its natural organization ; while the other part 
contained six abscesses. The bladder was tliickened and in^ 
flamed, the mucous membrane being covered in different 
parts^ with pus. The prostate gland was enlarged to three 
times its usual size, and was much hardened. The qfacu- 
latory canals were as hard as cartilage and much dilated ; 
the vesiculte seminales were completely ossified. The 
urethra was soft and inflamed — the internal pudic artery, 
as well as others near the perineum were ossified^^tbe 
testes were sound. 

In this case, the inflammation extended from the ureter 
to the bladder, from the ureter to kidney, as well as to the 
seminal vesicles, ejaculatory canals; and also produced 
disease of the prostate. The dilatation of the ^aculatory 
canals, and the complete ossification of the seminal vesicles, 
together with the state of the prostate gland, would warrant 
the inference, that the patient had suffered from habitual 
seminal discharges. 

A man who had laboured under insanity for a long 
time, and who imagined a change of sex, at length died. 
The following were the morbid appearances. The urach- 
noid membrane of the brain was thickened ; the prostate 
was enlarged and projected from before backwards into the 
bladder, to the extent of two inches ; it was converted into 
a substance like cancer or malignant sdrrhus, and con-* 
tained three abscesses. The ejaculatory ducts were soft 
and obliterated; while the seminal vesicles, as well as 
their canals, were much larger than natural. 

In many cases we can trace the progressive deterioration 
of the spermatic organs from the date of the first gonor* 
rhoea to the time of death ; and thus we can duly appre- 
ciate the always increasing influence of seminal losses on 
the whole economy, and particularly on the cerebro-spinal 



BT VKNEREAL EXGEESES. 343 

tystem^ (see p. S91)^ and to all other parts lined by mu- 
cous membrane. Let us now attend to the proofs of this 
statement. 

Urethra and prostate gland. — Most of the common 
urethral discharges are supplied from the mucous follicles 
of the urethra^ but more generally from those of the pros* 
tate gland in which they are much more developed : the 
prostate is almost if not entirely composed of these folli- 
cles united by cellular tissue. The structure of this gland 
is not minutely given by our best national writers. This 
will be evident by reference to the works of Sir Astley 
Cooper^ Sir B. Brodie, Mr. Guthrie, and other distin- 
guished surgical writers, when compared to those of other 
countries. All, however, admit, the occasional extension 
of urethral inflammation to the prostate gland, the seminal 
vesicles, testes, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. 

Spermatic organs — Urethral inflammation is readily 
propagated to the secretory organs of the semen, (see 
p. 325.) Exposure to cold, a contusion, too much walk- 
ing, dancing, riding on horseback, or in a carriage, when 
gonorrhoea is present, will readily induce inflammation of 
the testicle ; but the chief cause is the influence exerted 
by the mucous or lining membrane of the urethra on its 
continuation which Unes the excretory organs or outlets of 
the semen. I have elsewhere given a minute description 
of contagious urethritis, (gonorrhcea) and the various dis- 
eases which it excites of the genito-urinary organs, (See 
Diseajses of the genito-urinary organs, London Medical 
and Surgical Journal, voL viii. 1836.) See also (ante, 
p. 326.) It does not, however, happen, that the testicle is 
invariably inflamed in gonorrhcBa, but when it does, the pa-> 
tient will generally state, that there was a dull pain in one or 
both groins, extending along the spermatic cord, which 
often became extremely sensitive, painful, and enlarged, 
especially that portion of it which forms the epidydimis or 



344 DISEASES CAUSED 

swelling at the superior part of the testicle — a common 
consequence of gonorrhoea and venereal excesses. In 
some cases the inflammation extends along the cord to the 
body of the testicle^ and causes most painful swelling of 
this organ, which may totally destroy its function — the 
secretion of the spermatic fluid. In such cases, the 
urethral discharge becomes more or less, or entirely sup- 
pressed, in consequence of this inflammation which removes 
that of the urethra, now in a chronic form. It is also well 
known, when the testis is relieved, that the discharge may 
again appear. It seldom happens that both spermatic 
cords or testes are simultaneously inflamed ; but there are 
occasional instances. When one set of organs is aflected, 
we often find that the inflammation extends to the seminal 
receptacle and excretory canal of the same side; whilst 
the other remains unaffected. 

It is also worthy of mention, that when one or both 
testes is inflamed, the disease may extend to one or both 
vaginal tunics, and to the fibrous coverings, which are 
intimately united. (Vide ante, p. 341.) 

In the same manner, and for the same physiological 
and pathological reasons, the inflammation of the seminal 
receptacles, which are lined by mucous membrane, may 
extend to the corresponding portion of the peritoneum, 
and to the whole of that extensive membrane which covers 
the digestive and abdominal organs. 

M . Lallemand attests, that general peritonitis, may be 
readily excited by the diseases under consideration. Chro- 
nic and circumscribed adhesions of the peritoneum which 
covers the fundus of the bladder have been observed. I^di 
alterations of the peritoneum and of the tunica vaginalis, 
prove that the inflammation is propagated by a contiguity 
of tissue — ^a fact first demonstrated by the illustrious 
Hunter, 

Ejaculatory canals. — The orifices of these canals may 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 345 

be inflamed and greatly enlarged, in consequence of severe 
urethral inflammation ; and we can readily conceive that 
these orifices uhich act like sphincters when diseased, will 
have a great influence on diurnal and nocturnal pollutions. 
The ejaculatory ducts participate in the disorganization or 
dilatation of their orifices; and they have been found 
thickened, indurated, cartilaginous, osseous, (Op. ciL), 
states which greatly predispose to involuntary seminal 
emissions. These canals having lost their power of con- 
traction, cannot force the semen to reflow into the seminal 
vesicles, and cannot oppose the contractions or compression 
of the latter organs. The compression exerted on these 
canals by the swollen tissue of the prostate, causes their 
atrophy or emaciation, their obliteration, and a partial or 
total loss of their function. 

Vesiculce seminales — Seminal reservoirs,— It is to be 
borne in mind, that the seminal ducts and deferent or 
excretory canals open so straightly into the seminal recep- 
tacles, that when inflamed or contracted, they will not 
only oppose the evacuation of the semen, but also of pus 
from the latter organs. In the latter cases, under such 
circumstances, the retained pus may become thick, con- 
crete, and even like tuberculous matter, as its thinner parts 
v^U be absorbed. In some instances, a homogeneous, 
yellowish, cretaceous matter is found, the origin of which 
is, as yet, unknown. M. Lallemand has observed the 
seminal receptacles congested, thickened, cartilaginous, 
and even ossified. During the progress of these diseases, 
the receptacles may contract spasmodically, and give rise 
to diurnal or nocturnal pollutions.. In some cases the 
semen was of a dark green colour. 

The deferent or excretory seminal canals, — When pus 
is secreted in these canals, it is not always readily evacu- 
ated. Some portion of the tube may be obUterated, and 
then the pus will be accumulated behind the obstruction 



316 dubasbb caused 

9r in diffierent parts. It ohea happens in sacfa cases, that 
the thinner parts of the pas are absorhed, and a concrete 
or tubercoloas-loddng matter is left bdiind. 

One of the results of the obliteration in the deferent 
canals will be the retention of the spermatic fluid in the 
testicles, and that the reprodnctiTe faculty i& snapended. 

In other cases^ an abscess forms in the epidydimis wfaidt 
opens externally, through which the seminal fluid escapes, 
and this has been termed spermatic JUtuIa, If there be 
openings at both sides, the sufferer will be exposed to the 
same inconveniences as by involuntary diurnal pollutions. 
But when rupture of the excretory canal does not occur, 
the testicle becomes inflamed^ painftd or distended^ and 
finally, atrophied or wasted to the size of a marble, (see 
p. 352), like all other glands under similar circumstances. 
It is in this way that we can account for wasting of the 
testicle after being inflamed. It is therefore manifest, 
that when the excretory duct which is destined to convey 
the semen secreted by the testicle to the corresponding 
receptacle is obstructed, knotted, cr enlarged, atrophy of 
testis may be induced. I may here observe that such 
obstructions of the spermatic cord are often speedily re- 
heved by iodated preparations, as I can attest by the results 
of many cases. In some cases the testes are greatly en- 
larged, and remain so for weeks or months after gonorrhcBa* 
before they begin to waste away. 

In other instances, there is neuralgia or tic doloureux 
of the testis or penis, which is so excruciating as to require 
castration. Sir Astley Cooper relates cases of this kind, 
in his work on Diseases of the Testis. In such cases, the 
patients had generally laboured under gonorrhoea at some 
time or other. The too long retention of a bougie in the 
urethra may not only induce local initation, but even 
inflammation of the deferent canals, testicle, and tunica 
vaginalis, which may be followed by hydroode. The 



BY VBNBREAIi EXCESSES. 347 

intimate nervous connexion between these parts^as well as 
the rest of the genito-urinary organs^ will explain the cause 
of the increased secretion and expulsion of the semen^ and 
the morbid state of the mucous membrane which covers 
the orifices of the ejaculatory canals. 

Urinary organs, — The same phenomena are presented 
In the direction of the secretory and excretory organs of 
the urine; viz., the kidneys^ ureters^ and bladder, and 
from the same kind of nervous connexion. We often find 
the tissues of these parts destroyed by inflammation* 
There is, therefore, an exact similitude between the lesions 
of both classes of organs — ^the seminal and urinary— or 
more properly, the genito-urinary. 

JSvery observant physician has noticed discharges of 
gonorrhoea suddenly suppressed by exposiue to cold, free 
use of diluent or inebriating fluids, and that the patients 
were then suddenly seized with aching pains in the loins, 
the urine becoming sparing or high coloured, hot, and 
sometimes mixed with blood. If we now examine into 
the states of the kidneys as well as the bladder and testicles, 
we shall often discover incipient inflammation of these 
organs in blennorrhagia or gonorrhcea, fully as frequent 
as inflammation of the testicle. In fact, M. Lallemand has 
observed the former much more common than the latter, 
which not only arises from gonorrhoea, but from inflam* 
mation of the bladder, stone in that organ, bad stricture of 
the urethra, &c. 

I have given a full account of diseases of the kidney, 
including gravel, diabetes, abscess, enlargement, and other 
disorganizations in the London Medical and Surgical 
Journal, vol. viiL 1836 ; and in the Physician's Fademe- 
eum, 1837, to which I must again refer the reader. There 
can be no doubt that acute inflammation of the urethra is 
very readily communicated to the secretory organs of the 
•emen and urine, by their respective excretory canals. 



348 DISEASES CAUSED 

The Bladder, — MTien the bladder is irritated by what- 
ever cause, the irritatioii is extended to the kidnevs which 
secrete an increased quantity of urine^ the characters of 
which are changed ; and as the fluid is more abundant 
and watery than usual^ and as the nervous excitement is 
increased, it remains but a short time in its reservoir. 
The desire to evacuate the bladder now becomes urgent, 
the fluid is evacuated with more than usual force, and if 
the patients do not yield to this desire, the sensation 
becomes so painful, that the bladder contracts so strongly, 
and it expels the urine in spite of all the efforts of the 
suflerers to prevent it, and before they can make the neces- 
sary preparation. In such cases the urine is passed sud- 
denly ; sometimes in small quantities, the jet is short, 
feeble, and the fluid falls close to the legs. When this 
state of irritation continues for any length of time, the 
muscular coat of the bladder becomes thickened, and the 
capacity of the organ becomes proportionately diminished. 
I have often been consulted in cases of this kind, by 
persons who lived freely, were nervous, labouring under 
indigestion, and were guilty of venereal excesses. 

Some practitioners imagine that this limpid urine is 
more irritating to the bladder than when the fluid is na- 
turally secreted, and for this reason is more rapidly 
expelled. But the cause is different — the irritation in the 
kidneys is communicated to the bladder, and vice-versd, 
and this produces the sudden evacuation, for in reality 
urine rapidly secreted contains much less salts than that 
which is formed slowly. Every one knows, that when 
the sensibility of the bladder is natural, this organ will 
retain, for a long time, a large quantity of watery or sud- 
denly secreted urine, as is the case daily after each repast 

But when the irritation of the kidneys is long continued, 
as in those who commit all kinds of excesses, the secreting 
vessels of the organs become relaxed, they act freely and 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 349 

cause diabetes. In this disease, the urine entirely loses its 
chemical characters, the urea and aric add are replaced by 
a saccharine matter, and one or more gallons of clear limpid 
urine is passed daily, 

A young gentleman, an officer in the army, laboured 
under this disease, induced by venereal excesses and free 
living. The late and very talented Dr. Cheyne of Dublin, 
and myself, were consulted in this case. All our remedies 
failed; and our patient died. A case precisely similar 
came under my own care last year, and the disease yielded 
to vapour-baths, Dover's powder, and the other remedies 
mentioned in the section of the Physicians Fademecum 
on diseases of the kidney. 

The same result followed in the case of a gin- drinker, 
which also came under my care at the Metropolitan Free 
Hospital, which was seen this year (1838), by several- 
medical students. 

The public, as well as the medical profession, is much 
indebted to Dr. Osborne of Dublin, for the successful 
treatment of diabetes, other diseases of the kidney, and 
dropsies arising from them, as detailed in his truly valu- 
able work on Dropsies, 

We observe exactly the same phenomena in the sper- 
matic as in the urinary organs, when they are irritated. 
When the testicles are excited or irritated, they secrete a 
much greater quantity of semen than in an ordinary con- 
dition; and this sperm is more watery and much less 
elaborated, and remains a shorter time in its receptacles, 
in which its watery parts are absorbed ; while it is much 
more promptly evacuated, because the seminal receptacles 
are more sensitive to its excitement, and therefore more 
readily contract. 

It is on this account, that the spasmodic contractions 
of the seminal receptacles produce sudden ejaculation 
either during the venereal act, or in consequence of lasd- 



850 DUBASES CAUSED 

▼ions thoiiglits, which render coition incomplete or pre^ 
matore, and nocturnal pollutions very frequent The 
debiHty and sensibility increase after a short time^ the 
semen hecomes more abundant and still more liquid^ the 
conyulsive contractions of the receptacles are more fre- 
quent ; and at lengthy the sight of any woman^ or even a 
voluptuous image, or an erotic thought, b sufficient to 
cause the ejaculation ; but the sperm is not projected with 
force, the erection is never complete, and there is scarcely 
any sensation of pleasure. I have latdy had a gentieman 
under my care, aged forty years, who was precisely 
affected in this way, and who could not see one of the dif- 
ferent sex without having a seminal emission. I told him 
that he was perfectiy insane about the reproductive func- 
tion, and that unless he restrained his mind from dwelling 
on the subject, he never could get well. He followed this 
advice, and was, to his great surprise, cured in the course 
of three weeks, though he had suffered for seven years 
previously, and had consulted some of the most celebrated 
physicians and surgeons in this metropolis. In other cases, 
the emission is constant, and M. Lallemand has termed 
the disease spermatic diabetes. 

It is evident from the preceding statements, that the 
kidneys, ureters, bladder, vesicule seminales, and testicles 
are under the influence of the same causes, which produce 
the same effect ' 

Strictures of the urethra may also derange, not only 
the whole of the genito-urinary organs, but also the di- 
gestive, respiratory, cerebral, &c. They also cause urethral 
discharges^ which are often misnamed pollutions, though 
in some cases, the emissions are seminal. These may be 
comp^cated with catarrh of the bladder, and the mucus 
secreted by the prostate. 

Those who commit venereal excesses fed a frequent 
desire to evacuate the bladder, which shows how readily 



BT V£KEREAL EZOVSSES. 351 

the urinary organs participate in the excitation of the 
spermatic. It is also a fact, that irritation of the bladder 
will rapidly extend to the vesiculs seminales. It is to- 
wards the end of the emission of the urine^ that the semen 
escapes, as at that time, the bladder strongly contracts to 
expel the last drops of the urine, the seminal receptacles 
also contract and expel, more or less semen, with the urine. 
When persons thus affected are exposed to cold or com- 
mit excess in drink, the same causes act simultaneously 
on both classes of organs. Diuretics do much mischief in 
such cases, though generally administered by advertising 
quacks, and even by some medical practitioners. 

It is also worthy ^f remark, that infants^ who are subject 
to incontinence of urine, are particularly predisposed to 
nocturnal pollutions at the age of puberty ; and to diurnal, 
according to M. Lallemand, at a more advanced age. I 
cannot assent to this conclusion, as I have known many 
exceptions. In fine, all the mucous surfaces of the genito- 
urinary organs have the closest analogy to each other, and 
are continuous, even extending to those of all the outlets 
and inlets of the human body. Hence diseases in part of 
the mucous tissue will not only affect the same organs, 
but those remotely situated. Thus inflammation extends 
by degrees, from the secretory organs of the sperm to 
those of the urine. The portion of the mucous mem- 
brane which covers the prostate is in intimate connexion 
with the mucous follicles, with that of the ejaculatory 
canals, and with that of the bladder. This portion, 
in the opinion of M. Lallemand, has most influence over 
the rest. The relation of the prostatic surface, with the 
ejaculatory canals is most important, in the study of the 
nature and treatment of seminal losses; as every sen- 
sation in the orifice of the excretory canal is readily trans- 
mitted to the secreting organ. The seminal vesicles will 
be affected by the impression transmitted to the testicles^ 



352 DISEASES CAUSED 

and these reservoirs are the agents of the spermatic emis- 
sion^ as the hladder is of the expulsion of the urine. It is 
necessary to rememher these facts in the consideration of 
the pathology and treatment of diurnal pollutions. The 
gaculatory canals open on the prostatic mucous mem- 
hrane, and hence the influence of this organ in seminal 
and other urethral discharges. 

The most common causes of these diseases are excess in 
venery^ gonorrhoea^ and the ahuse of spirituous liquors. 
The most certain remedy is the application of nitrate of 
silver to the mucous surface of the prostate according to 
M. Lallemand; with tonics, cold-haths, sponging with cold 
water, mixed with vinegar or table salt, ablution by means 
of a bidet or sponge, and quieting the affected organs by 
means of those sedatives which have a direct influence 
upon them. I have succeeded, in many cases, to effect a 
cure, without the use of caustic, and there are instances in 
which this remedy is not effectual. 

Diseases of the testicle and spermatic cord^ caused hy 
venereal excesses,— ^^\r B. Brodie has placed two very 
important cases of this kind on record. The first was that 
of a young man, aged twenty years, who was admitted into 
St. George's Hospital, in 1805, on account of pain in the 
left testicle. The organ was soft, flaccid, and about the 
third of the size of the opposite one. The patient had not 
received any injury, nor had he had gonorrhoea ; but for 
five years, he had practised masturbation, generally once a 
day. The testicle before it wasted, was the seat of very 
severe pain, and swelling. The patient was sad and me- 
lancholic. Various remedies were tried in vain, and the 
sufferer left the hospital without relief. 

The other patient, aged thirty-one years, presented 
himself to Sir B. Brodie, in 1820, affected with atrophy, 
or wasting of both testicles, and complete impotence. He 
stated that he had indulged with woman to excess, since 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 353 

the age of fourteen years^.and that at the age of twenty, 
he received an injury which inflamed hoth testicles^ and in 
a short time after his apparent cure, hoth had wasted. 
His present state came on during the space of three years. 
{Lond, Med, and Phys, Jonm,, Oct 1826.) 

Enlargement and neuralgia of the spermatic cord are 
often induced hy excessive masturhation or coition. Se- 
veral cases of this kind have fallen under my own ohserva- 
tion> I have known the cords and testes enlarged to three 
times their ordinary size ; and, in other cases, attacked with 
severe neuralgia or tic dolouroux. Sir Astley Cooper has 
well descrihed cases of irritahle testis, which required the 
removal of the affected organs. The spermatic cord is 
also attacked with neuralgia, and after some time hecomes 
hard and knotty, causing sterility. HaUe, Guilhert, and 
Titley, have given an account of cases of irritable or neu- 
ralgic testicle^ caused hy suppressed gout. Inflammation 
and enlargement of these parts are often excited by vene- 
real excesses^ and sterility induced. In cases of simple 
enlargement, a cure may be often effected by hydriodate 
of potass. 

Varicocele and hydrocele arise from the same causes, 
according to Morgagni. We often see venous enlarge- 
ment of the spermatic cord (varicocele) in masturbators, 
and also after gonorrhoea or excessive venery. M. Breschet 
confirms this statement, in a memoir read before the Aca- 
demy of Sciences in 1834, in which he proves that cir- 
cocele and varicocele generally occur from the adult to old 
age from this cause. I may here observe, that two of the 
most distinguished statesmen in this empire have laboured 
under hydrocele, induced by the causes already mentioned. 
According to my own experience, young persons are most 
frequently affected. 

Diseases of the bladder, — The following diseases of the 
bladder may be caused by venereal excesses and diseases : 

A A 



354 DISEASES CAUSED 

»acute and chronic inflammation, catarrh^ ulceration, 
gangrene, fungus, calculus or stone in, suppression and 
incontinence of urine, and pan^jrsis in old age. The urine 
may present various sediments. 

Diseases of the ureters or ducts from the kidneys to 
the bladder, — The same causes mentioned in the last 
paragraph may induce the same diseases in the uriniferous 
ducts or ureters. 

Diseases of the kidneys, — Acute and chronic inflam- 
mation, abscesses, various disorganizations, tumours, hyda- 
tids, gravel, and stone, increase or suppression of urinary 
Secretion, paralysis, diabetes, and nephralgia or tic dolou- 
reux often confounded with lumbago or psoitis, will be 
induced by the causes above mentioned. Disorganization 
of the kidney is often fpUowed by incuraUe dropsy. A 
remarkable case came under my care, in August 1838, in 
which I had the advice of Dr. James Johnson, in which 
no medicine could excite the kidneys to secrete more than 
a wine-glassful of urine daily. I have elsewhere described 
the nature and treatment of such cases. — The Physician* % 
Vademecum, 

Diseases of the testes and scrotum,— AsxLt& and chronic 
inflammation, enlargement, abscess, cancer, and sloughing 
of the testes and scrotum from urinary infiltration, are 
often caused by venereal diseases and abuses. 

Diseases of the penis, — Sloughing, gangrene, indura- 
tion, ossification, phymosis, paraphymosis, and unnatural 
opening of the urethra superiorly, inferiorly, or laterally, 
or beneath the scrotum, result from the same causes. 

Diseases of the urethra, — ^Acute and chronic inflamma- 
tion, induration, stricture, irritable state of some part of 
the canal, or total obstruction of it, are induced by the 
same causes. 

Hemorrhoidal and other circumanal diseases, as well 
as those of the prostate gland, neck of the bladder, seminal 



BT VENEREAL EXCESSES. 355 

receptacles^ vagina^ and womb^ parts supplied by the same 
blood-vessels and nerves, as well as fistule, urinary abscess 
in the perineum, or part between the genital organs and 
anus, are excited by the causes under consideration. 

The symptoms and treatment of all the diseases enu- 
merated in the preceding paragraphs, and in these pages, 
I have described in works already quoted. 

Diseases of the external and internal organs peculiar 
to V9omen,^^T\ie numerous and formidable diseases of 
women, I have fully described in another work, and can 
only notice the most common in these pages. 

The female oi^ans are liable to contusion, laceration, 
inflammation, abscess, ulceration, cancer, induration, 
great increase in size from diseased action, and are much 
more frequently affected than those of the other sex. 
These complaints are so numerous that large volumes have 
been written on their pathology and treatment. The 
most common diseases are contusions, lacerations, heemor- 
rfaages, leucorrhoea, derangements of menstruation, in- 
flammation of the vagina, womb, tubes, and ovaries, which 
may be followed by abscess, ulceration, gangrene, indura- 
tion, cancer, enlai^ment, and a great variety of disorga- 
nizations which induce sterility. The most frequent dis- 
ease caused by excesses is leucorrhosa. 

This disease arises from more or less inflammation of 
the mucous membrane of the vagina. It is sooner or 
later, accompanied by deranged digestion, flatulency, low- 
ness of spirits, nervousness, hysteria, pallidity of the 
countenance with more or less pain, aching, or other un- 
pleasant sensation in the small of the back and inferior 
extremities. Vaginal discharges though not seminal, cause 
great debility. Swediaur describes the case of a young 
woman aged eighteen, who suffered so much from noc- 
turnal vaginal discharges, that she had all the symptoms 
of tabes dorsalis^ which were finally cured. Sauvages 

A A 2 



356 DISEASES CAUSED 

relates a similar case^ in which the evacuations occurred 
even at the knees of a decrepid and disgusting confessor. 
Such cases may even occur at the age of puherty. Indeed 
all ohstetric writers have attested this fact. Inflammation 
of the neck or hody of the womh is sometimes induced hy 
the cause already noticed. £very experienced medical 
practitioner has met with cases of tlus kind. The patient 
experiences pain instead of pleasure^ during intercourse, 
and the pain extends to the lower part of the abdomen, 
loins, and lower extremities^ and finally becomes so severe 
that a separation becomes indispensably necessary. If the 
exciting cause be continued^ a fatal inflammation, or an 
incurable sterility may be the consequence. 

Scirrhus and cancer are also occasional results. Culle- 
rier, Richerand, Bayle and Cayol, Sir C. Clarke, Professor 
Dewees, and many others have related numerous instances, 
(vide ante, p. 69.) 

Uterine hcemorrhage is also caused by venereal excesses 
of whatever kind. I have been frequently consulted in 
such cases. 

Tissot relates the case of a woman^ aged twenty-three 
years, who, in 1746, sustained the attacks of six Spanish 
dragoons in one night, at MontpeUier. Next morning 
she was dying, and expired bathed in her own blood. 

Virey relates a still more extraordinary instance: an 
improper woman, abandoned herself one night to twenty 
soldiers. She could not state the exact number she ad- 
mitted. The following morning she was seized with pro- 
fuse haemorrhage from the uterus, and died. {Diet, des 
Sciences Med. t. xiv.), (vide ante, p. 68.) 

There are also cases of partial eflusion of blood from the 
vagina in young persons, and even during childhood, in 
consequence of mechanical irritation of the affected organs. 

Repeated irritation of the vagina and uterus is a frequent 
cause of sterility. M. Marc has acertained^ and Parent 



BY VENEREAL EXCESSES. 357 

Duchatelet has confirmed the fact^ that two hundred im- 
proper women do not hear three infants annually, (vide 
ante, p. 65.) M. Benon de Chanes has also ascertained by 
statistical researches, that there are fewest conceptions in 
the first months of marriage, during which the intercourse 
of the sexes is more frequent, and cause most irritation. 
{Anrutleg d' hygiene Publiq, Jan, 1831.) M. Villerme has 
confirmed this statement as regards the first days or weeks 
of unions, and has authenticated the physiological opinion 
that fecundity is in the inverse ratio of the frequency of 
unions. I have considered this point fully in the PhUo- 
sophy of Marriage. I have also proved in that work, that 
the offspring is deteriorated by premature marriages, and 
.by parents who are injured by excesses. M. Marc has 
likewise observed, that the infants of prostitutes rarely en- 
joy health or strength, and that the mortality of them is 
double that of infants bom in wedlock, (vide ante, pp. ^^. 
174.) 

The records of medicine contain numerous cases, in 
which, foreign bodies were passed into the vagina and 
bladder. Such cases are described by Morgagni as fre- 
. quent in Italy, while Deslandes, Depuytren, and others, 
bave met with similar examples in France, and they some- 
dmes, though rarely, occur in this country. 



S58 



CHAPTER VIII. 

CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

General and remote causes of Venereal Excesses, — 
The causes of genital abuses consist in certain innate or 
acquired dispositions of the organization^ in Tirtae of 
which the venereal sense or appetite presents more or less 
intensity; and in different influences, as education^ ali- 
ments^ cUmate, mode of tife^ &C., which act on die sensi- 
bility in general, and on the genital apparatus in particular. 

There are certain individuals, who naturally become 
victims of venereal excess; whilst there are others, in 
whom the genital sense is slowly or imperfectly developed, 
and there are some in whom it does not exist at all. Hie 
causes of these differences deserve to be noticed. 

Crall and other phrenologists place the seat of sexual desire 
in the cerebellum, and adduced many alleged f&ets in sap- 
port of their opinions. It is, however, beymid aH doubt, 
that certain animals deprived of the oerebellam, copulate 
with ardour, so that the phrenological doctrine must be 
confined to mammiferous animals. In support of this 
theory it is asserted, that the human cerebellum is not 
fully developed until the age of eighteen or nineteen years ; 
that it is in the proportion of one to five at puberty, whilst 
it is a seventh part in infancy. 

It is also the opinion of Gall and Spurzheim, that the 
genital sense is greater in man than in woman, (vide ante, 
p. 162) ; and they state the cerebellum is smaller in the 
latter. It has been likewise observed, that castration not 
only prevents sexual desire, but also cerebellic devdop- 
ment and that this is exemplified by the large neck of the 



CAUSES OF TENEREAL EXCESSES. 359 

bull compared to that of the ox. It is further asserted^ 
that if castration be not performed until the cerebellum is 
fully developedj the genital sense will continue after the 
operation ; that in certain cases the testes may reduce the 
organ to a state of atrophy, and that the removal of one 
organ will be followed by atrophy of the opposite lobe of 
the cerebellum. In fine, it is added that disease of the 
cerebellum will atrophize the testicle of the opposite^ side. 
I cannot agree to the correctness of these conclusions. 

In my opinion long since recorded, the minute details of 
phrenology and animal magnatism, are equally untenable, 
unphysiological, and preposterous. 

Baron Lairey describes the case of a soldier, whose an- 
tipathy to women degenerated into mania. The sight of 
a woman excited in him, very violent convulsions, and 
sometimes rendered him furious. Spurzheim saw a simi- 
lar case in this country, and in both, the cerebellum was 
said to be imperfectly developed. 

Gall asserted, that the portraits of Newton, Charles XII. 
and Kant, showed a smallness of the neck, which confirmed 
the historical fact, that these illustrious men showed slight 
inclination for sexual pleasure. But who knows whether 
the portraits were accurate ? He also relates the case of 
a religious woman, who was so incessantly tormented by 
lascivious thoughts, that her life was miserable. Her 
neck was large and prominent. He was also struck with 
surprise at the large size of the back of the neck of a boy 
aged ten years, who was a prisoner at Leipsic for having 
violated a young girl. He likewise saw a mulatto boy 
at Paris, aged less than three years, equally developed, 
who not only attacked female children, but even women, 
with an audacity and determination to satisfy his desires. 
The sexual organs were 6ot remarkably developed, but he 
had prolonged erections. As he was always surrounded 
by girls ready to satisfy his desires, he died of consump- 



360 CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

tion, before the end of the fourth year. His cerebellum 
was extraordinarily developed. In these cases the sexual 
organs and the cerebellum were not proportionably de- 
veloped^ though they should have been^ according to the 
phrenological position already cited. 

Gall^ Chauffard^ and Deslandes relate cases, in which 
the size of the cerebeUum corresponded with the intensity 
of the sexual desire; but there are many exceptions, as 
wiU appear hereafter. 

M. Voison, a distinguished disciple of Gall's, explored 
the heads of three hundred and fifty prisoners at Toulcm, 
who were confined for robbery, homicides, and other 
crimes ; twenty-two of whom were committed for female 
violation. He selected twenty-two prisoners, only thirteen 
of whom had been committed for rape, whilst the remain- 
ing nine were confined for other crimes. Nine of those he 
had selected, had committed the crime while intoxicated, 
and their libertinage was accidental and not organic. 
{Lecture /aite a la Societe Phrenologique-^Ao'dt, 1834.) 

A few experiments have been dted in support of die 
opinions of Gall on the cerebellum. 

M. Serres observed, that in oxen struck on the neck be- 
fore being slaughtered, the penis presented an oscillatory 
motion when the cerebellum was injured. He also re- 
marked an erection in a young horse which was killed by 
forcing a knife into the cerebellum. M. S^alas saw the 
same result in guinea-pigs, on introducing a stylet into the 
same organ. (Sebbes, Anat, Comp. du Cerveau,) M. 
Cruvielhier disputes the accuracy of this explication. He 
maintains, that the erection is caused by the stasis of the 
venous blood. Respiration, he says, is retarded by the 
compression of the spinal bulb, and there results, a demi- 
asphyxia favourable to erection. It is well known that 
priapism, with or without seminal emission, and also men- 
struation sometimes occur during hanging. The phreno- 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 361 

legists also assert^ that the same conditions will be caused 
by blisters, setons, or issues applied to the neck. Some of 
them hold a different opinion, for I have known the back 
of the head shaved and irritating poultices applied, for the 
cure of gonorrhoea in several cases^ without the slightest 
benefit, a result which every experienced practitioner would 
have expected. Bischoff states^ that wounds and blows on 
the neck had been often followed by inflammation of the 
genital organs. (Exposition de la doctrine de Gall trad, 
de fAllemand, &c.) Baron Larrey arrives at an opposite 
conclusion^ as he knew an officer who received a severe 
wound on the occiput^ who lost the generative faculty. 
{Op, jam cit,) There is no doubt, hoWever, that excite- 
ment of the genital organs, sometimes coincides with dis- 
ease of the cerebellum. I have already recorded cases in 
which the abuse of venery caused fatal disease of the 
cerebellum, (see p. 294); and I shall now prove that 
genital excitement may be caused by cerebellic disease. 
It has been already observed, that cerebellic apoplexy has 
been followed by erection of the penis, with or without 
pollution, (see p. 293.) M. Serres describes the case 
of a man^ aged forty- five years^ who died suddenly 
after an attack of apoplexy of the cerebellum, during 
which there were erection and emission, with swelling of 
all the genital organs. {Op, cit,) M. Fabret gives an 
account of a man who was attacked with apoplexy and 
complete paralysis, of the left side of the body. This 
person, though in great agony, made amorous proposals 
to his nurse, and presenteda demi-erection of the penis. 
It is a remarkable fact^ that neither M. Andral, nor 
M. Cruveilhier have observed similar phenomena in 
such cases, and the latter states^ that priapism was only 
temporary. 

Gall and Chauffard inform us^ that young persons^ up 
to the age of puberty, affected with hydrocephalus^ evince 



362 CAUSES OF TENEBEAL EXCESSES. 

a strong desire for renereal cDJoyment, and particalaily 
for masturbatioiL 

It is now very generally admitted^ that acate or chronic 
diseases of the cerebellam or its membranes^ indace vene- 
real excitement^ (vide ante, pp. 294-5.) Many cases unfjii 
be dted^ but a few shall suffice. A dead body was brought 
into one of the Parisian hospitals (Bicetre), which pre- 
sented considerable tumefaction of the penis and scrotum. 
The whole cerebellum was inflamed. {Serreg.) M. 
Chauffiurd relates the following Tery singnlar case. A 
man^ aged fifty-three years, of mild and amiable dispo- 
sition, struck his neck forcibly against the post of his bed. 
He was suddenly seized with violent satyriasis, or exces- 
sive desire for venery. He incessantly annoyed his wife, 
daughter^ and every woman who approached him. He 
was hitherto religious and modest, but now suffered firom 
a violent erotic delirium^ and committed the most inde- 
cent acts. He remained in this state for three months, 
during which time his mental powers were steadily en- 
feebled. In fine, he became in a violent passion one day 
on the refusal of his wife lassata viro et satiata^ to gra- 
tify his desires, and was seized with convuUdons ; after 
which, the pain in the back of his head removed to the 
upper part of the crown^ near the forehead. He was now 
sazed with paralysis of the left side of the body, and the 
satyriasis was succeeded by a religious delirium and in- 
cessant prayings which continued for eight days, when the 
patient died. According to M. Chaufiard, the cerebeDic 
disease was transferred to the organ of the osophie (vene- 
ration), which corresponds to the middle posterior and 
superior part of the crown of the head. Such metastases 
or changes of the disease from one part of the organ to 
another, or from one organ to another^ are by no means 
rare, as appears by the frequent change of gout^ rheoma- 
tism, and other diseases^ to different parts. 



CAUSES OF VKNEREAL EZGESSBfi. 36§ 

M. Sainte-Marie relates the following singular case. A 
merchant at Lyons had suffered severely from syphilis^ 
for which he used a great deal of mercury. He supposed 
himself cured^ hut he still complained of pains in the hack 
of the head and neck^ and frequent erections. He was 
seized in 1812^ after some domestic annoyances^ with 
furious delirium^ which continued three days^ and termi- 
nated hy a priapism/ during which he had fourteen seminal 
emissions in a few liours. A perfect restoration of reason 
was the result of this crisis^ and his feebleness was removed 
by tonics and analeptics. In two years and a half aft^^ 
he was again attacked^ and the disease terminated in the 
same manner. He was again seized at the end of two 
years more^ but the erections were slight^ and there was 
no seminal emission. 

Such are the cases which lead many authors to conclude^ 
that satyriasis and i^ymphomania, depend on an innate 
or accidental condition of the cerebellum. {Gall, Foisin^ 
&c.) 

Many eminent observers^ however^ contest this con- 
dusion, as MM. Flourens and Bouillaud^ who contend that 
the special functions of this organ presides over locomo^ 
tion. Gall alleged^ that the presence of semen, and the 
irritation to which it gives rise, does not cause physical 
love and erections. This is contrary to the feding of all 
healthful adults^ whose physical love is extinguished by 
repeated connexions, though the brain and oerebdlum are 
little impaired. Nevertheless many authors^ as Chauffkrd, 
Voisin^ Londe, and others, have proposed direct applica- 
tions to the back of the head{for the suppression of exces- 
sive salacity. M. Sainte- Marie cured a patient of long- 
continued nocturnal pollutions, by inlying ice to the 
occiput at bed-time, and allowing it to remain until 
dissolved. Professes- Lallemand was consulted by a man, 
aged thirty years, who had three at four emissions every 



364 .CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

night. The ejaculatory canals were cauterized in vain. 
M. Gensoult applied leeches and ice to the neck, and the 
disease was arrested, as if hy enchantment. M. Serres 
has allayed erections during cerehellous apoplexy^ by 
leeches and emollient poultices to the neck. {Op. cit,) 
Sponging the head every morning with cold water, or 
using the shower-hath^ are also heneficial in some cases. 
M. Deslandes suggests the use of narcotics, as helladonna, 
opium^ morphia^ hy the endermic method ; and is also of 
opinion^ that hlisters, antimonial ointment, and such reme- 
dies ought to he used with caution in cases of masturhators. 
I have found most henefit from a full dose of morphia or 
<^ium at hed-time, attending at the same time to the pre- 
servation of the general health. The muriated tincture of 
iron combined with the liquor opii, completely cured a 
patient, aged forty-two years, who had frequent diurnal 
and nocturnal pollutions. The disease had continued for 
seven years, and was cured in three weeks, though the 
sufferer had despaired of relief. Pills composed of cam- 
phor, conium, and extract of hyoscyamus have produced 
an equally successful cure in different cases which have 
fallen under my care. 

It appears from the preceding cases, that diseases of 
the cerebellum very often excite the sexual organs, and we 
shall also find that diseases of the spinal marrow produce 
the same effects. 

Willis, long before the time of Gall, localised sexual 
desire in the nervous centres, but especially in the spinal 
marrow. Later observers have attested this fact M, 
Segalas caused erection in guinea-pigs, by passing a stylet 
into the cerebellum, and ejaculation by pushing the instru- 
ment along the spine to the lumbar region. M. Serres 
repeated the experiments with the same results, and 
arrived at the conclusion, that the inferior part of the 
spinal inarrow acts upon the secretory and excretory 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 365 ' 

apparatus of the sperm^ as the cerehellum does on the' 
venereal sense or desire. This opinion is too ahsolate^ 
because lesions of the spinal marrow produce a marked 
effect on erection of the penis, and on the sexual sense. 
Professor Lenhosseik relates a case of compression and 
atrophy of the spinal marrow which arrested the develop- 
ment of the sexual organs. The patient was aged twenty- 
four years, and was not larger than a youth of twelve years 
old. His countenance and genital organs were less marked 
than at puberty. He died suddenly, and there was a vice 
of conformation of the first and second cervical vertebrie^ 
and the occipital foramen was reduced to one-half its 
usual size. The spinal marrow was so compressed, that 
the body could not be developed. {Joum. de Progrds^ 
1827, t. ii.) It is very probable, that a similar compres- 
sion but to a less extent, existed in the soldier described 
by Baron Larrey, whose testicles wasted, whose power of 
erection was lost, and whose venereal desire had ceased. 
The inferior extremities were emaciated, the power of 
locomotion diminished, the face pale, the digestion and 
intellectual faculties deranged. {Op, cit) 

Dupuy tren, Ollivier, and other experienced authors have 
attested the fact, that priapism is often caused by lesion of 
the spinal marrow. Many cases are recorded which show, 
that injuries of all parts of the spinal marrow, but especially 
of the cervical portion, produce erection of the penis, (vide 
ante, p. 304.) MM. Polain, Renauldin, and Hedelhofer, 
have related analogous cases. The last writer saw a man 
who fell on the sacrum^ and instantly had an emission. 
M. Pages knew a military officer, who had paralysis caused 
by a fall from his horse, and this was accompanied by 
such intense priapism, as to cause retention of urine. 
{Ephem. Med, Fev. 1827.) There was concussion of the 
spine in this case. 

I have, however, repeatedly treated cases in which the 



366 CAUSES OF yENBRBAL BX0BSSB8. 

power of erection was destroyed by falls^ and blows on, 
or by strains of the muscles of the loins. Some of these 
cases had persisted for three and five years before a core 
was effected. I have already noticed the opinion of Sainte- 
Marie^ that involuntary pollutions may be the cause or 
result of affections of the spinal marrow^ (see p. 330.) 

It is not generally known, that an uneven step, an efibrt 
to save the body from falling, the effort made in drawing 
on a tight boot, or cork from the neck of a bottie, or a M 
on any part of the body, may seriously injure the brain or 
spinal marrow, and sooner or later induce a formidable or 
incurable disease. It is also probable that a certain original 
or accidental condition of the spinal marrow may be the 
indirect cause of venereal excesses and abuses. £very 
adult has remarked the influence of lying on the back in 
producing voluptuous reveries, and even seminal emissions. 
The cause has been already explained, (see p. 328.) We 
can also understand the advantages derived from pouring 
cold water, or applying ice along the spine, loins, and 
sacrum, in involuntary pollutions, priapism, satyriasis, 
and nymphomania, (vide ante, p. 363.) M. Sainte-Marie 
has succeeded in curing spasms of the genital organs by 
frictions on the sacrum or lowest part of the back, and by 
the application of bladders filled with ice to the same 
region* (Op. cit) Certain cases of masturbation may 
be relieved in the same manner, and by the use of narcotic 
frictions or plasters to the lower part of the loins and back, 
and also by using narcotics by inoculation or tiie endermic 
method, (vide ante, p. 364*.) When there is reason to 
suspect congestion or inflammation in any part of the 
spinal marrow or its coverings, leeching or cupping should 
precede the application of cold or narcotics. It too often 
unfortunately happens, that all remedies fail in severe cases 
of this disease. (See Physicians Fademeeum.) 

It is now generally considered^ that the sexual sense does 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 367 

not exclusively depend in either the hrain, cerebellum^ or 
spinal marrow^ but exists in all parts of the generative 
organs themselves. It is well known^ that mechanical 
excitement of any portion of the genital apparatus, will 
induce and increase the venereal appetite. 

It is also to be remembered, that a considerable portion 
of the apparatus is composed of erectile tissue, which 
swells, hardens, and becomes erected. The summit and 
body of the penis is formed of this tissue, as well as the 
spongy substance of the urethra, the clitoris, nipples, vulva, 
snd vagina, while the womb is highly vascular. The part 
which this tissue takes in the work of reproduction indicates, 
that it has great influence on the production of lascivious 
ideas, and that this state, whether innate or acquired, 
excites a great influence on the sexual sense, as will appear 
by the following facts. 

Certain species of monkies and baboons possess an 
enormous mass of erectile tissue, not only about the sexual 
organs, but about the adjacent parts. It is difficult to 
form an idea of their salacity. On seeing their own fe- 
males, or even women, they make the. most extraordinary 
gestures, and by looks and voice, soUcit them. Their jea- 
lousy on seeing a man is unbounded. They commit incre- 
•dible excesses in copulation with their females, and if 
deprived of them, masturbate themselves with fury. Their 
cerebellum and spinal marrow are not different from those 
in other animals, and the enormous quantity of erectile 
tissue can alone account for their salacity. — {M, Desmou- 
lins, Diet, des Sciences Naturelles, t. v.) 

It may also be urged against the phrenologists, that the 
erectile tissue in the penis, clitoris, vulva, vagina, and 
nipple, is larger in those persons remarkable for their 
amorous propensities than in others. It is Ukewise evident, 
that their erection is the most constant sign of the activity 
of the venereal sense. In fine, it is in the glans penis and 



368 CAUSES OP TENERBAIi EXCESSES. 

ditoris, that sensation is most intense daring copalatioD^ 
though there are exceptions, eqiedally as r^ards the 
ateiine orifice on the application of die semen^ when it is 
prolific. 

We may however refer^ in some cases, to die erectile 
tissue for the principle of mastnrbation^ and apply means 
to omtrol its inflaence. C<dd lotions, apphcations, and 
hip-haths are therefore nsefnl in sahdoing genital excite- 
ment. Sainte-Marie advised a person sahject to frequent 
pollutions, to apply a Uadder containing ice, to the gene- 
rative organs twice a-day. He preferred this plim, to 
sponging, or pooring salt and water on the parts. Lave- 
maits of tepid water are henefidal to both sexes, while cold 
vaginal injections may be used unless the hymen closes 
the vulva, which is rarely the case. 

I have known a great number of cases, which were 
remarkably improved by the use of cold-water with a 
portion of table salt or ice, apphed to the external genitals; 
and this application is more convenient than the above- 
mentioned, which would often be discovered in families. 
The organs ought to be kept cool, by wearing the under 
dress loosely. Leeches to the perineum are often bene- 
ficial. 

There is another mode of controlling the influence of 
die erectile tissues, which is very seldom resorted to in 
Europe, though commonly practised in Eastern nations; 
and that is, their ablation or excision. Female circumci- 
sion is common in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Africa, and a 
considerable portion of the erectile tissue is removed. I 
have described this operation in my Manual of Midtoi/ery^ 
and cannot notice it further in this place. 

The operation is never performed in temperate climates, 
unless for the cure of excessive masturbation or nympho- 
mania. The exquisite sensibility of the clitoris, die size 
it acquires in a few lascivious women, and by masturbation. 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 369 

have led many to consider it the chief seat of voluptuous 
desires, and that these would he suppressed hy its re- 
moval. The clitoris is not, however, the exclusive seat of 
such desires, and its ahlation will not suppress them, 
though it will generally cure masturhation. It would be 
more correct to state, that the clitoris is the most sensitive 
of the external genitals, and the commonest seat of natural 
or artificial excitement, but not the exclusive seat of sexual 
enjoyment. 

Levret was the first who conceived the idea of curing 
nymphomania by excision of the clitoris. The operation 
was since performed by M. Ant. Dubois on a girl reduced 
to a state of marasmus by masturbation. Moral and phy- 
sical means could not control this patient. Even tying 
her hands was vain; she supplied the use of them, by 
moving herself against some part of her bed. Her lower 
limbs were also tied without benefit, for their motion on 
each other, with the shaking of the loins and pelvis, pro- 
duced abundant pollutions. Her parents consulted M. 
Dubois, who proposed amputation of the clitoris, to which 
they and the patient consented. The operation was per- 
formed, and a complete cure effected. 

Graefe, of Berlin, relates a similar case in IS25, which 
fell under his observation in 1829. This was an idiot, 
aged fourteen years, who was addicted to excessive mas- 
turbation. She incessantly practised it day and night, by 
shaking herself on her chair, and by moving one lower 
extremity towards the other, and it was considered that this 
habit impeded the development of the intellectual faculties. 
A great number of remedies were used in vain. The 
clitoris was removed in 1822, when all inclination to mas- 
turbation ceased, as if by enchantment The intelligence 
began to develope, her education commenced, health re- 
turned, and in three years she could speak, read, and 
write. 

BB 



370 CAUSES OP ▼ENEREAL EXCBBBBS* 

These cases prove, dutt the sexual sense is m the geni- 
tals, and not in the cerebellum, as bfistcn, cdd applica- 
tions, and irritants had been applied to the back of the 
head without any benfit. Amauld de YiDenaaYe adinaed 
long since^ caustics to the thighs, cuppii^-glaases, and sca- 
rifications, to appease excessive venereal desires. Leedies 
or cupping on the sacrum, the former to the groins, ex- 
ternal labia, and peiinieum are often beneficiaL I have 
also found anodjrne and stimulating liniments, ointments, 
and plasters often productive of relieL 

M. Biett excised the ditoris of a woman, i^ed diirty- 
five years, who suffered from nymphomania, in conse- 
quence of the long absence of her husband. She was com- 
pletely cured. He also operated on a girl, aged ten years, 
^o had practised self-abuse since her second year. She 
was initiated by her nurse, mdio remarked that she ap- 
peased the infant's cries by rubbing the ditcnis. All 
means were tried in vain. Mechanical contrivances did 
not restrain the patient. Tile clitoris was also amputated 
by M. Jobert, in June 1834, with complete success. 

Ixifltience of the genito^urinary mucous membrane on 
the venereal sense—The influence of the cerebellum, 
spinal marrow, and erectile tissue, also affects all parts 
of the genital apparatus. There is, in fact, no irritation 
which may not be a direct cause of venereal excitement, 
and consequently an indirect one of venereal excesses. 
No one doubts tliat irritation of the raucous membrane, 
which lines the genito-urinary passages, may produce this 
effect. It is also well known, that acute inflammation of 
any part of this lining may excite painful erections, 
chordee or curvature of the penis, as in cases of blenor- 
rhagia (gonorrhoea). The presence of stone in the bladder 
causes itching and pain in the extremity of the penis. It 
is well known that many persons, after intemperance at 
table, often commit sexual excesses, so that wine and ioe- 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 371 

bruiting liquors are powerful causes in some cases of sti- 
mulation of the genital and other mucous membranes. 
The stimulus of cantharides and other medicines often 
induce priapism and satyriasis for the same reason^ which 
may end in inflammation and death. 

The genital mucous membrane is much more extensive 
in women than in the other sex, and hence we more fre- 
quently observe the phenomena just named in them. Dif- 
ferent eruptions appear on this membrane from the edges 
of, the external genital Assure^ which cause intolerable 
itching, termed pruritus or prurigo, and sometimes nym- 
phomania. Several obstetric authors have described such 
cases, and have considered such diseases as causes of mas- 
turbation. I have repeatedly met with instances of this 
description. 

Ascarides in the rectum often cause violent ichiug in 
the vulva and vagina, and induce venereal excitement ; 
and even nymphomania. Beck describes a case of this 
disease in a woman, aged seventy years. Bitter and saline 
injections dislodged the worms, and a cure was effected. 
{CruveUhiery DicL de Med. et Chirur, Pratique, Article 
£nto«oaire,) 

W^orms in the rectum have also caused nocturnal and di- 
urnal pollutions. The irritation of hsemorrhoides (piles) 
often excite erection, venereal desire, and even seminal eja- 
culations. Wichmann records the histories of such cases. 
It is also a fact, that drastic enemata, especially of gratiola, 
have excite nymphomania in some subjects. {Diet, Cit., 
Art, Crratiole.) 

1 have been informed of the case of a lady, who, de- 
sirous of offspring, applied to a medical practitioner for 
advice, and he prescribed terebinthinate injections into 
the vagina and uterus, which caused inflammation and 
death in a few hours. The same injection was used by a 

B b2 



372 CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

midwife to induce abortion^ which it failed to do, bat 
rapidly killed the patient. 

Fariotis cutaneous eruptions on different parts of the 
body, and especially near the sexual organs^ occasion 
salacity. The same result may be induced by inflammation 
of mucous membrane in any part of the body, as in the 
throaty air passages^ digestive organs, &c. M. Desportes 
relates eight cases, in which violent genital excitement 
preceded different catarrhal affections, (vide ante, p. 342.) 
Some of his patients had priapism, and others relieved 
themselves, though religious, by masturbation. He also 
saw a case of genital excitement which occurred during 
the convalescence of a pleuro-pneumonia, which was suc- 
ceeded by irritation in the mucous membrane of the mouth 
and digestive organs. A most extraordinary case occurred 
very lately at a public exhibition, which cannot be further 
noticed. It is evident in these instances, that there was a 
metastasis, or translation of the irritation, from one portion 
of the mucous membrane to the other. I have repeatedly 
observed irritations of remote portions of mucous mem- 
bhme sympathetically affect ihat lining the genital organs, 
causing redness, heat, pain, and venereal excitement This 
is common in children during dentition, or when suffering 
from worms. 

I have now under my care several gentlemen suffering 
from irritatable urethra, caused by indigestion ; and also 
many females suffering from vaginal and uterine irritation, 
arising from the same cause. It is manifest, from the 
preceding observations, that irritation in any part of the 
mucous membrane may excite the urethral portion, and it is 
equally certain the reverse may be the case. 

When the mucous membrane of the genito-urinary 
organs is irritated or inflamed, the following remedies will 
generally prove beneficial. The application of cold to the 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 373 

affected organs will generally afford much relief. Excesses 
at the tahle, and all foods and drinks which render the 
urine irritating, aught to he avoided, such as wine, ardent 
spirits^ coffee, tea, spices, heer, porter, stout, ale, particu- 
larly when too much hopped. The removal of worms, 
prurigo, and other irritating diseases, by appropriate 
remedies, which I have described in my work on Obste- 
tricy, and in the Physician's Fademecum, I shall only 
observe at present, that M. Ozanam communicated the 
history of a case of nymphomania to the Academy of Me- 
dicine in 185^8, which resisted antispasmodics, narcotics, 
cold-baths, &c., but yielded in a few days, to the applica- 
tion of a solution of four grains of nitrate of silver in an 
ounce of distilled water, to the nymphs and the cUtoris. 
M. Deslandes treated a case in 1833, of a woman, aged 
thirty-five years, who was subject to nervous disorders. 
She experienced, in the vulva and vagina, continual sen- 
sations which resembled those excited by a desire of 
coition, which caused an insurmountable irritation. Lo- 
tions and ii^ections of distilled water with cherry-laurel 
water were tried in vain. The introduction of pieces of 
lint wetted with a solution of the extract of belladonna 
(a grain to the ounce) produced the best results, and caused 
the venereal irritation to disappear. Pieces of ice were 
also introduced into the vagina. She experienced so much 
relief that she incessantly used these remedies. A com- 
plete cure was finally effected. 

In corroboration of this case, it may be stated, that the 
most intolerable itching of the vagina may arise from small 
white specks or small ulcers, which often occur at the 
adult age, either during or in the absence of pregnancy, 
and also after parturition. Such cases are best treated 
with solutions of the nitrate of silver, and anodyne appli- 
cations. 

When nymphomania proves fatal^ the vagina or neck 



374 CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

of the uterus is often found highly inflamed, of a violet 
colour, and sometimes grangrenous. (Fred. Cuvier, Hel- 
wich, Calmiel, &c.) These states are necessarily pre- 
ceded by a determination of blood to the parts, caused by 
natural or other excitement. It is well known that there 
is a determination of blood to the uterus for a few days 
before each menstruation, and this accounts for the in- 
creased sensibility which is often experienced before the 
occurrence of this function. The same state may also be 
induced by sexual intercourse, and increases the venereal 
orgasm during the act of reproduction. 

The ovaries are likewise congested under the same cir- 
cumstances. Their development corresponds with that of 
the venereal sense. This fact, as well as that these organs 
contain the germs of the future beings, have led to the 
spaying of certain domestic animals. The same operation 
was first performed by a sow-gelder on his own daughter 
on account of her salacity. Diseases of these organs are 
of frequent occurrence, causing sterility; and they are 
also found in the bodies of those who die of nymphomania 
or excessive venery. 

When the ovaries are diseased, and when removed in 
consequence, the breasts emaciate and all venereal desire 
ceases. The same result follows disease or removal of the 
testicles, though this does not always happen. Thus Frank 
relates four cases of castration, the sul^ects of which were 
so indecently immoral, that the police had to interfere. 

It is generally concluded by physiologists, that the ac- 
cumulation of the spermatic fluid in its receptacles for a 
few days is the most powerful cause of venereal excite- 
ment. Few adults can doubt this conclusion, as their 
feelings after excesses must convince them, (vide ante, 
p. 257.) It is however to be recollected, that the repro- 
ductive function is involved in mystery to a great extent, 
and will perhaps ever remain so. Thus aU birds, and 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 375 

many cdd-blooded mammiferous animals have no seminal 
receptacles^ and in them the seed cannot be accumulated 
before copulation. It is however the general belief of 
physiologists^ that the human sperm must be secreted for 
some days to be prolific. This is also the case with many 
of the more perfect of the mammifers^ as stallions^ buUs^ 
&c. Agriculturists are well aware of the correctness of this 
statement, (vide De la Generation, Par M. Ch. Girou 
de Buzareingues^ Paris^ 1828.) 

There are individuals, in whom the testicles do not de- 
scend as usual, from the abdomen into the scrotum about 
the seventh month of fcetal life, and always remain in their 
primitive situation, or at all events, in the abdomen. Some 
authors, as Monro secundus and John Hunter, considered 
such persons more vigorous than those whose organs are- 
in the scrotum. There is however as yet but one well 
authenticated case on record, as far as I know, it was that 
of a man thus formed, aged twentynseven years, who was 
seen at Brest in 1812, by M. Poliniere, and committed the 
greatest venereal excesses, contrary to all advice, which 
premature death alone terminated. {Diet, des Sciences 
Med,^ art. Puberty,} 

When the testicles are retained in the abdomen they de<- 
velope as usual, and being subjected to a higher tempera* 
ture than in the scrotum, may be more sensitive, and 
perhaps more productive of the sexual sense. I have been 
consulted in cases of this kind, in which one or both organs 
had not descended into the scrotum, as to the propriety of 
marriage, and have always advised it, and the procreation 
of ofiTspring proved the correctness of the advice. I have 
also advised well developed individuals^ in whom there was 
but one testicle in the ordinary situation, to marry, and in- 
formed them that the other was in the abdomen, and was 
as well, if not better developed^ and such persons have had 
children. 



376 CAVSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

Sir Astley Cooper relates a case of this kind^ which led 
the individual to commit suicide ; and a paper was found 
on his table, on which was written, ^^ I am impotent/ 
Others thus circumstanced as to the situation of the organs 
in the abdomen, had offspring contrary to the expectation 
of their paramours. {See Manual of Medical Jurispru- 
dence^ 1836.) 

It would appear, at a first view, to follow from the pre- 
ceding remarks, that castration would extinguish all vene- 
real desire, but this is not invariably the case, as eunuchs 
retain the power of infertile copulation. It has however 
happened, that individuals have sacrificed their seminal 
organs with a view of relieving themselves of a salacity 
which embittered their existence. A man who removed 
his testicles on this account, was admitted a few years 
since into the London Hospital, and there was only a 
slight hemorrhage. 

The reason he assigned for committing this rash act 
was, that the organs were always getting him into trouble. 
- He finally got well of his wound, but hung himself soon 
afterwards. I have the facts of this case from an old pupil 
who attended my lectures some years since, and who was 
called to attend the individual. The loss of one testicle by 
excision or disease, causes great melancholy, which some* 
times leads to suicide 

I knew a fine looking young gentleman, whose mind was 
greatly impaired by masturbation, who suddenly quitted a 
room where a young lady of much personal attraction was 
playing the piano, repaired to his own apartment and 
removed the virile member with a razor. The mutilation 
was not discovered' for three days after its comndsnoii, 
when the excised organ was found. £ven persons par- 
tially mutilated^ may beget offspring. — (See works on Mid^ 
^fery. Medical Jurisprudence and Marriage, already 
quoted.) 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 377 

There is often a strong desire in masturbators^ not only 
to mutilate their organs, but even to commit suicide, when 
greatly depressed by their excesses. 

Baldassar relates the case of a man, who intreated him 
to perform the operation of castration, to deprive him of 
the means of self-abuse. Persons in despair have made 
a similar request, and even operated upon themselves. 
A similar application has been made to myself. 

*^ Novimus quosdam audaciores," says JEtius, '' qui 
sibi ipsis testes ferro resecarunt." A surgeon at Bemstad 
amputated the testicles of a man, aged sixty-three years, 
on account of excessive sensibihty and immoderate desires ; 
but the operation failed to produce the expected result. 
This was an unjustifiable operation in my opinion. Cas- 
tration is, therefore, not an infallible remedy. It only 
destroys the power of becoming a father, but causes a pro- 
found deterioration of the physical and moral states. The 
removal of one testis does not prevent procreation, or 
offspring of both sexes. 

A man may become a father after complete castration, 
provided the seminal receptacles contain a sufficient collec- 
tion of semen at the time of the operation ; but when this 
is ejaculated in one or more sexual connexions, incurable 
steriUty will be the result. The reader wiU find proofs of 
this statement in the Manual of Medical Jurisprudence. 

M. Simeon (de Metz) has advised the comprehension 
of, or hgature on, the seminal tubes (vasa deferentia), 
and on the spermatic arteries in obstinate spermatorrhcea, 
as in his opinion, it would be much better that the patient 
should become a eunuch, than to inevitably perish.—- 
{Hygiene de la Jeunesse.) Such operations would not 
be warranted, unless all other remedies had failed, which 
is rarely the case, and even then spermatorrhcea very rarely 
proves fatal at the present period (vide ante p. 334). 

Diseases in different parts, which sympathise with the 



378 CAUSE! OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

genital organs, and all parts sympathise with each other in 
a higher or lower degree, may excite the sexual sense, and 
cause venereal excesses. Thus genital excitement may 
precede an attack of gout or rheumatism, as these diseases 
are often consequent on irritation in the mucous mem- 
branes, especially the former. Phthisical persons are 
generally very salacious, as if nature determined upon the 
continuance of the species ; and this probably depends 
upon the sympathy existing between the pulmonary and 
genito-urinary portions of mucous membrane. Pathok* 
gical anatomy does not, as yet, explain this question. 

M. Louis carefully examined the bodies of forty con- 
sumptive subjects, and in three only were the prostate 
gland, seminal receptacles, or deferent vessels affected. 
There was tuberculous matter in the prostate ; and in one 
case, it was found in the seminal vesicuks and deferent 
canals. M. Louis does not allude to the venereal desire of 
the patients. {Recherches Anat, Path, sur la Phthisie, 
1825.) 

I know a gentleman, aged fifty years, whose reproduc- 
tive*function is much excited before, and during, his at- 
tacks of gout M. Moreau de la Sarthe relates a case 
somewhat similar, of an aged man, who consulted him in 
consequence of pollutions, accompanied by erotic reveries. 
These debilitated him very much, and constantly returned 
during a chronic rheumatism, which extended to the 
fibrous coat of the testicles. (Diet des Sciences Med,, 
Art. Reve,) 

Irritation of the genital mucous membrane is often 
caused by certain cutaneous diseases, as elef^ntiasis, 
tuberculous lepra, &c, (see p. 372), and excites the most 
excessive salacity, which is sometimes gratified on high- 
ways, according to Sonini, Niebuhr, Vidal, Joannis, and 
other travellers. It is now proved that the mucous mem- 
branes are affected with tubercles^ ulcerations, and other 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 379 

degenerations in elephantiasis. Such changes would extin- 
guish lasdviousness^ and arrest the development of the 
sexual organs^ if the disease occurred hefore puberty. 
The late Baron Alibert observed disease of the genital 
organs in tuberculous leprosy^ a fact also attested by MM. 
Cazenave and Schledel. Many other cutaneous diseases 
cause excessive itching, and may induce venereal excite- 
ment and excesses (vide pp. 372. 363). 

A singular case occurred at the Hotel-Dieu of Paris^ in 
1833, in the wards of M. Bouillaud. It was that of an 
hysterical woman^ aged thirty years, whose hand after 
acute rheumatism was attacked with a sensibility of such 
a nature, that friction on the part induced all the sensations 
of coition. {M* Donne,, Rev, Med,, Juin 1833.) 

M. Mirambeau relates an analogous case of a child, 
who produced pollutions by slight friction on the navel, 
though there was no erection. 

It has been long observed that idiots, lunatics, ma- 
niacs, and cre^s, if left to themselves, become mastur- 
bators, nymphomaniacs, hypochondriacs, or hysterics, 
after the age of puberty. The ganglionic system of nerves 
is hypertrophied in many of them. (Schiffner, Cayre, 
Andral, &c.) 

It is also well known to observant physicians, that indi- 
viduals who indulge in venereal excesses, often become 
stupid, insensible, melancholic^ lunatic, idiotic, or mania- 
cal (Vide ante, p. 229.) 

As a general proposition it may be maintained, that all 
things capable of exciting the general senidbility, will in- 
crease that of the reproductive organs. I have given a 
full account of the causes which increase and diminish fe- 
xmndity, in my work on Marriage, and shall now but 
briefly enumerate the chief of them. The principal causes 
of genital excitement^ are the seasons, climates, aliments^ 
drinks, pursuits^ trades^ manufeictures^ immoral and physi- 



380 CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES^ 

cal incentives, &c. Spring was considered the season of 
reproduction since the remotest antiquity, hut it was only 
of late years that this opinion was hased upon a sure 
foundation, hy the statistical lahours of M. Villerme in 
France, and M. M. Quetelet and Smits in Belgium. 

M. Villerme has ascertained heyond all douht, that cer- 
tain seasons of the year are remarkable for most concep' 
tions ; and the following is the order in which he ranges 
the different months : May, June« April, July, February, 
March and December, January, August, November, Sep- 
tember, October. According to this taUe, the quarter in 
which there are most conceptions, is April, May and 
June ; and that in which there are least, is September, 
October and November. Thus in spring, the season in 
which vegetation is reproduced, and most animals couple, 
we find most human pregnancies ; whilst in autumn, the 
season of decrepitude of the animal and vegetable life, is 
also the time in which the human species does least for its 
reproduction. These statistical writers also inform us, 
that on referring to criminal proceedings^ there are more 
persons accused of female violation in spring than in 
autumn, and that most marriages take place in the former. 
This last fact is likewise proved by the marriages among 
the lower classes in Ireland and other Catholic countries, 
which are generally contracted at shrovetide, or the com- 
mencement of spring. This is the season in which man- 
kind commit most venereal excesses and abuses. ( Wich' 
mann and others,) 

ViUerm^ has further ascertained that there are, com- 
paratively speaking, more conceptions in the country than 
in large cities. It has, however, been determined, that 
most conceptions occur in winter, December, and January, 
in cold countries, as Sweden, Finland and St. Petersburgh; 
and this deviation is ascribed to the increased clothing 
and heat required at this season^ which may be compared 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 381 

to the forcing of plants in hot-houses. The premature 
exercise of the reproductiye function, is well known to he 
common in warm climates, and illicit pregnancies are ex- 
tremely frequent in manufactories whose temperature is 
high, and in which a numher of youth of hoth sexes is 
employed. I cannot here repeat my former ohservations^ 
bat must refer the reader to the work last quoted, for 
farther information on this subject Certain odours and 
perfumes excite the passion of love ; and it is on record, 
that certain voluptuous women used a variety of perfumes 
and cosmetics for this purpose, and particularly musk. 
The use of this medicine caused nocturnal pollutions. 
{SchruB Kius Hist, MoscIU,) It has been deemed pru- 
dent by some medical authors, to caution young persons 
against the abuse of cosmetics — ^yet they are generally em- 
ployed. 

Friction and irritation of the skin, especially near the 
reproductive system, excites the genital organs. Meibo- 
Diius composed a work, entitled De flagorum usu in re 
Venerea. Lug Bat. 1643, which he dedicated to the 
Coimsellor of the Bishop of Lubeck, with this epigraph :— 

Delicias pariunt veneri crudelia flagra 

Dum nocet, iUa juvat ; dum ju vat, ecce nocet 

This method has been known since the time of Nero 
and Petronious. Enothea, a priestess of Priapus, promised 
Eucolpius to render him fascinum tarn rigidum ut comUy 
by this proceeding. Impotent libertines resort to this pro* 
cess, and suffer its tortures until the blood flows freely. Mr. 
Talbot assured me that he saw a most extraordinary ma*- 
chine for this purpose, in a certain brothel suppressed by the 
London Society for the Suppression of Juvenile Prostitution. 

Rousseau states in his Confessions, that having been 
flogged by a young governess, somewhat older than him- 
self, she at once desisted when she perceived that he be- 
came a man. This effect is now so well known, that 



382 QAuaES OF venereal excesses. 

scourging children is entirely abandoned in all wdl-iegu- 
lated schools and famiUes. It is also well known that this 
method was employed to extinguish^ and not excite the 
desires of the flesh* Many a holy man employed it to 
suppress concupiscence^ but was astonished at his dis- 
appointment^ as it produced the opposite effect. Fla- 
gellation and denudation are inseparable^ and often ex- 
cite erection even in children. Many such cases are 
recorded by Pic de la Mirandole^ RhodingiuSy Senu- 
rier, and others. It is now totally interdicted in sD 
respectable schools and collies, and ought also to cease 
in all families. Medical practitioners should explain 
the bad effects of this mischieyous practice on modesty 
and on the senses. Urtication is seldom employed at 
present. 

Certain articles of clothing excite the skin^ and have the 
same effect as. flagellation. Camlet, hair cloth, and ar- 
ticles of wool or hair, with which certain pious individuals 
have clothed themselves, have often contributed, with 
certain discipline, to induce incontinence. The best means 
of combating venereal excitement, induced by these and 
other causes, will be the use of cold lotions and baths, 
which will be more fully described hereafter. Drinks and 
aliments have great power in modifying venereal appetite. 
Nutritious aliments and stimulating drinks are universaDj 
known to produce this result. Certain foods and drink 
excite sexual desire in different persons; and it is im- 
portant to ascertain the kind when examining patients. 

It is well established that there are more births in years 
of plenty than in years of famine. M. Villerme has 
proved by many tables, that when the imposts were taken 
off* wine, salt, &c., the lower classes in France indulged 
more in fetes and repasts, and the number of births very 
remarkably increased. He has also shown, that when the 
people Uved low, there were much fewer conceptions. He 



OlkUSlSS OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 383 

likewise found that there were fewer births after the bad 
year, of 1816, from November to September^ 1817, and 
especially during the months of April, May, June and 
July, than in other years. {Annaks <r Hygiene Publiq. Jan, 
1831.) The same observation even applies to the inferior 
animals : this is the reason why fasting is prescribed by 
the Homan Catholic Church, as a means of mortifying the 
desires of the flesh. M. ViUerme has ascertained beyond 
doubt, that in all Catholic countries, where Lent is strictly 
observed, it has an unfavourable influence on procreation. 
-( Op, cit,) It is also well known, that amorous desires 
9re often developed after a repast, more particularly when 
stimulating food and drink have been taken. This fact 
must not be forgotten when we prescribe for those affected 
with pollutions and nocturnal emissions. A habitual and 
abundant use of animal food, meat, game, ragouts, spices 
stimulating wines, ardent spirits, liquors, coffee, &c., may 
be considered as remote and indirect causes of venereal 
excesses, unless the individual takes active exercise, and 
exerts both mind and body, almost fatague. 

Vegetable food is less exciting, but is sometimes the 
cause of salacity and fecundity. Thus the Irish peasants, 
who chiefly live on potatoes and milk, are proverbially 
prolific ; and another striking example is afforded by the 
inhabitants of la^andais de la Gironde, who live upon the 
most meagre diet which can be imagined, and who, though 
attenuated, are remarkable for precocious and ardent love. 
It has been long observed, that certain aliments excite the 
reproductive organs more than others. These have been 
termed spermatopia ; but Cullen and others denied that 
there are any articles of food, or even medicines, which 
possess such qualities. Modem observation has proved 
the inaccuracy of this conclusion, and few can deny that 
certain articles of diet and drink, and certain medicines, 
possess this property. ( Vide ante^ p, 10.) Thus the use 



384 CATOB OP TimCSEAI. 

offish has increased feconditj ; hot some aacribe ibe le- 
sok to the condimmts and spioes taken with this food. It 
has, howrewer, been long since detennined b j Fonraoy 
and Vanqodin, that the flesh of fishes, and e^edaDj die 
melt, contains pho6ph<»as, wliich is a powerfid excitant 
of the sexnal organs, thoo^ a most pcnsonoos substance, 
if used injndidonslj. 

M. Benoiston de Chateneanf, adduces statistical fiids 
to prove, that the inhabitants of maritime districts axe not 
more prolific than those living elsewhere. {Notice sur k 
FecandiU en Europe au commencement du dijp neutfieme 
Siecle Bulletin de M. Femuac, Janv. 1827) ; and M. 
ViDerme remarks, that the women of Greenland who li?e 
upon fish, have seldom more than two or three childien. 
Notwithstanding the objections of these writers, it is gene- 
rally observed, that the inhabitants of maritime districts 
are very prolific. M. Deslandes also urges that Lent, 
during which fish is much used, is unfavourable to births; 
but it is to be remembered, that the use of this food is 
only for a few weeks, ^at it is generaUy salted, and that 
persons taking it for a short time, cannot be afiected by it 
in the same manner as those, who almost entirely live 
upon it in a fresh state. 

There are many other aliments r^arded as aphrodisiac 
besides fishes, as turtle, ray, cockles, oysters, crabs, lobs- 
ters, &c., several kinds of reptiles, a bird named torcol, 
and many insects, which it is useless to enumerate eggs, 
truffles, artichokes, mushrooms, celery, cocoa, garlic, 
onions, different condiments as ginger, pepper, &c. ; and 
lastly, certain fruits, as strawberries, apricots, peaches, &c 
Saraisin or buck-wheat, which has a remarkable efiect on 
birds, is included in this cat^ory. 

Many of these aliments possess no specific powers, and 
sometimes produce opposite effects, such as the anti-aphro- 
diac substances. Milk is exciting in some cases^ and de- 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 385 

pressing in others. Fresh leguminous substances^ such as 
parsley, lettuce, endive, cucumber, melon, &c. ; the flesh 
of young animals, as chicken, lamb, and veal; as also 
refrigerating vegetable drinks, as orgeat, gooseberry-water, 
and lemonade, &c., are considered depressants or anti- 
aphrodisiacs. 

The regimen best suited to appease genital excitement, 
chiefly consists in the use of white animal food, and low 
diet, which are digested with the least excitement in the 
stomach. 

Various medicines have been recommended as anti- 
aphrodisiac, such as infusions of mallows, violets, barley, 
houndstooth, as also iced-water, ices taken internally, and 
nitre alone, or combined with camphor. The sedative 
effect of camphor, in large doses, on the generative organs, 
as in painful erections in gonorrhoea, proves it to be an 
efficient remedy. 

Primrose and St. Basil strongly advise hemlock to ap- 
pease venereal excitement ; while others have combined it 
with cantharides for the cure of impotence. In my own 
practice I have repeatedly observed, that camphor com- 
bined with extract of hemlock or henbane, has the power 
of allaying painful erections in gonorrhoea. The different 
preparations of opium have also been advised for the same 
purpose, and according to John Hunter and many others, 
with the best effects. I have rqieatedly found morphia 
and the sedative preparations of opiiun taken at bed- time, 
prevent nocturnal and diurnal pollutions, although com- 
mon opium is used in large doses for an opposite purpose 
by eastern nations. This apparent contradiction is easily 
explained. A moderate dose of opium acts in general on 
the brain as a sedative, and induces sleep, thus diminishing 
or suppressing during its influence, that train of thought, 
which favors emissions, or causing a temporary suspen- 
sion of the mental impression, which harrasses those who 

c 



386 0AU8E8 OF YENBREAL EZCE88B8. 

are subject to them. To effect this desirable object, the 
sedatiye preparations of opium^ such as morphia, the seda- 
tive solution^ &c.^ which are totally different from the 
tincture or laudanum^ or common opium^ is to be pre- 
ferred for this purpose. Solid opium and its tincture are 
decided stimulants in repeated doses ; and on this account 
opposite effects of the different preparations are perfectly 
expUcable. 

Belladonna has also been found useful in some cases, in 
allaying venereal excitement. The late Dr. Powel of St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital, mentions the case of a young girl, 
aged seventeen years^ who for two or three years was subject 
twice a months and even oftener^ to violent libidinous hys- 
teria, and she was cured by belladonna urged until it dilated 
the pupils. This medicine is also highly useful in satyriasis 
and nymphomania, and all degrees of genital excitement. 
Libidinous hysteria is often observed in young girls from 
the age of fifteen to twenty years, and in young women who 
are married to men old enough to be their fathers, or grand 
fathers. I once treated a most remarkable case of the 
former kind at the hospital without effect, but the disease 
was rapidly cured by pregnancy. In January, 1838, I 
had another case under my care which defied all remedies. 
The girl left the MetropoHtan Free Hospital uucured, was 
seduced soon afterwards, when her fits ceased. M. Esquiiol 
relates similar cases, (Diet, des Sciences Med, art. Conti- 
nence.) It has been long known, that marriage is the best 
remedy for the different species of hysteria. The reader 
will find ample proofs of the truth of this opinion in my 
works on Midwifery, Medical Jurisprudence, and Mar- 
riage, There are many other sedatives lauded for appeasing 
genital excitement, as thridace or extract of lettuce, (M. 
Angelot,) cherry, laurel water, (Loeyer Villermay,) boaradc 
acid or the sedative salt of Hombeig, nitrate of potass, or 
sal prunella, are amongst the remedies. M. Baldasar cored 



CAUSES OF VBNERBAL EXCESSES. 387 

a man who applied to him for the removal of the testicles, 
nvith nitrate of potass. Dr. Prevatius also asserts that 
this medicine will produce impotence. 

In former times, agnus castus and nenuphar were highly 
lauded for the same purpose ; hut they have completely 
fallen into disuse. M. Montegre asserts on the authority 
of Dopsonville, that there is a tree in the East Indies, 
named Mairkousie, the leaves of which produce impotence. 
I have heen informed hy a military officer of rank, a 
patient of mine, who has long resided in India, that the 
native Indians exhibit some medicine which has the power 
of delaying the period of emission according to the wish of 
the individual. This statement does not accord with phy- 
siology, as no two individuals are alike in constitution. 
Since I arranged this page, my respected informant has 
confidently re-assured me of the truth of the preceding 
statement. Nevertheless I remain a sceptic, for the reason 
already assigned. 

It has heen long observed, that the labouring classes 
are more free from hysteria, and hypochondriasb than the 
affluent. There are, however, many exceptions. Hahi^ 
tual fatigue of the body diminishes the force of the pas- 
sions. A man who labours daily, and lives moderately, 
thinks less of the sexual indulgence than one who is 
indolent and idle, and lives freely. Thus Helvetius attri- 
butes the lascivious tastes of the Asiatics to idleness; and 
the indifference of the Canadians to love, on account of 
the fatigues of the chase, and their other laborious pursuits. 
M, Villerme also states that there are less conceptions 
among the blacks than among the whites in St. Domingo, 
(Op, cit.) 

Many authors of distinction likewise contend, that gym- 
nastic exercises should be practised in classes and schools, 
both by boys and girls, to preserve health, and to prevent 
sexual excitement. These, or similar modes of exercise are 

cc2 



388 eAUBB OF rmmmmMAL 

DOW adopted in most countries in Europe, is wefl is im 
many parts of America. 

M. Simon (de Metz ) assures ns tbat mastorimtion iriudi 
was so destmctiye in the Orphan Asyhun at Beme^ has 
been totally soppressed by different kinds of exercise. 
The same result has been obserred in other countries. 

The chase is also a powerful means of sn^iessing 
Tenereal excesses^ partly from the fatigue, and pardj from 
the concussion of the spine, and contusion of die aenal 
organs during equitation, and hunting. Some equestrians 
are, however, seized with erections succeeded by emissions 
in consequence of the rapid motions of the body during 
hunting, and the same thing happens in certain kinds of 
carriages. 

The sitting posture also causes coiq^estion of the organs 
in the pelvis, determines blood to the lower part of the 
body, and necessarily to the reproductive organs. Hius 
it exposes young men to genital excitation, enlargement 
of the spermatic cord, piles, to which all sedentary persons 
are more or less liable. Scholars, and those who sit for 
several hours are very liable to this excitement, which often 
causes voluntary or involuntary pollutions. Particular 
kinds of seats modify and prevent these causes and effects. 
Hard warm seats are improper in schools, chambers, 
public offices, and counting houses, while interlaced cane 
bottom chairs or seats are much preferable. 

Excessive intellectual exertion has analogous efiiscts on 
the sexual function. Persons in general, whose minds are 
occupied with abstruse studies, have but very little in- 
clination to sensuality; but I have known many extra* 
ordinary examples, when such persons live well, and are 
of a sanguine temperament. I have been consulted by a 
literary character of imperishable fame, the greater part of 
whose time has been passed in study, and whose venereal 
excesses were seldom equalled. He indulged in this way 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 389 

from the age of fourteen, to the age of forty years, but 
he always lived well and paid his devotions to Bacchus 
and Ceres, as well as to Venus. Nevertheless, there are 
much more numerous examples, in which partial or com- 
plete impotence has been prematurely or ultimately caused 
by intense study — vide causes of fecundity — Philosophy 
of Marriage. Several cases of this kind have fallen 
under my care, and some of the subjects were distin- 
guished students at the universities. 

When the notions of love occur frequently, they cause 
a yague sentiment in the mind, which soon becomes a 
strong passion. Thus the perusal of old romances, amo- 
rous tales, and obscene works are highly improper for 
young persons, and even excite the passions in most adults. 
Gestures, words, balls, theatres, and paintings, influence 
the youthful mind, and irritate it. The dancing, and 
other exhilMtions at our public theatres are strong incen- 
tives to vice, nor do the large number of depraved women, 
who are not only allowed to attend, but to mix with the 
mosi respectable and virtuous in the boxes, saloons, and 
^reen-rooms, tend to diminish the eviL The disgusting 
and indecent attitudes and gestures on the stage, and the 
assignations made in the hearing of the virtuous, with the 
shameful conduct of libertines and prostitutes, are a dis- 
grace to the enlightened age and country in which we live. 
I seed scarcely observe that the separation of the different 
sexes in schools and coUeges cannot be too much insisted 
upon, and is now very generally enforced, in all well 
r^ulated establishments. It is extremely difficult to pre- 
serve young persons from contamination by servants and 
acquaintances ; and in crowded cities they hear remarks 
and make observations which generally lead to premature, 
and unfortunate discoveries. The obscene language of 
the lower orders in town and country before youth is most 
demoralizing, and it is almost impossible to preserve one s 



390 CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

sons or diiugfatere from more or less contamination. No one 
can pass through the streets of this or any other metropolis 
or large town, without heiiiing language of the worst 
description, and no respectahle woman can pass through 
tne streets, unless in company with a male protector, who 
is not accosted and insulted, by some impertinent and 
lascivious fellow. Tet all this happens before the eyes of 
our l^slators and magistrates, and it openly proceeds 
unnoticed and unpunished ! It cannot then be expected, 
that the youth of the rising generation, can escape cor- 
ruption and vice, which are sure to induce some of the 
fatal diseases which I have already described. (See p. 
157, &c.) 

The habit of masturbation has three origins, it may be 
spontaneous, it may be taught by others ; and it is prac- 
tised by those, who do not, or cannot indulge in Intimate 
union ; and it is often practised by those who can. 

I have already observed that irritation of the gastro-uri- 
nary mucous membrane will give rise to itching of the sexual 
organs, and lead to the application of the hand to those parts. 
New sensations arise, and masturbation is accidentally 
discovered. It is therefore essential to preserve the organs 
of children and young persons from all means of exdte- 
ment by dress, exercise, &c. When infants apply their 
hands to these organs, they suffer from some excitement, 
and the parts will be found irritated or inflamed^ In 
i^ch cases cold lotions and other appropriate remedies 
ought to be employed. It is also indispensably necessary 
to caution children against applying their hands to certain 
organs, and to make it an object of shame. Ablution, or 
washing, should not be done with the hand, but with a 
sponge, flannel, or napkin, nor should children of diffid- 
ent sexes be ever washed in the presence of each other. 
Boys should not be allowed to keep their hands in their 
trowsers pockets, nor should they be suffered to remain 



CAUSES OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 391 

alone, or in company with others, unless under the eye of 
an adult 

As a general rule, children ought to he sleepy hefore 
heing put to bed, and should rise as soon as they awake 
in the morning and can sleep no more. It is also advisa- 
ble to take them up at night to evacuate the bladder, for 
tiie desire to do so, often causes them to press the thighs 
closely together, and excites erections in boys which may 
lead to touches aud pollutions. Female children who 
sufier from genital irritation and disdbarges, a common 
disease, are often led to apply the hand to obtain relief, 
and sometimes discover another source of pleasure. Chil- 
dren are generally initiated into bad habits by nurses and 
servants, with a view of distracting their attention^ appeas- 
ing their cries, or gaining influence over them. Male 
•^ servants are particularly vicious in this respect, as well as 
tutors and governesses. The claustration of scholars too 
often leads junior instructors to destroy that innocence, 
which they are morally bound to preserve. The initiation 
into vicious habits, is generally effected by companions 
and acquaintances in schools. The celibacy of adults is, 
in many cases, the cause of masturbation. This revolting 
practice is also unjustly attributed to monastic orders, (see 
p. 264,) but justly to the inmates of prisons, barracks 
ships, lunatic asylums, schools, and colleges. 

When youth arrive at the age of eighteen or twenty 
years, they usually abandon this vice, more especially after 
sexual commerce. They too often find however, their 
general health deranged, and their virility more or less 
impaired. They fear to make matrimonial alliances, though 
it rarely happens that such fears are well grounded, as 
perfect restoration to health may be anticipated in a vast 
majority of cases — (vide ante, p. la). Marriage is most 
assuredly the best remedy for the removal of solitary 
Tices, and these very rarely, upon the whole, induce either 



392 CAcm or 

incorablc im po ie Dce or iteriHtr, ThfejanthDCKtumrenal 
io 2II Dadciis according to the opinioD of Hanter, Copefandy 
and a host of andion, lirt do not malerially i liuBukh die 
incmse of population in an j country. 

The fear of the Uettj, and die injimctions of the mi- 
nisten of rd%ioD againtt the immoralitj of ^iobtiii^ die 
dirine precepCSy as irdl as the adTiee of phjaciaDS against 
injuring the health, ha^e the most puma fid inffaKBoe in 
retraining nnlawfid purionii. Satyriasis and nympho- 
mania, hare heen sappressed by the power of religion over 
the senses. M. I>eslandes states, that to his own know- 
ledge the fear of anral oonfesnon, has often produced die 
same reaolt in yoong sabjects. He also obserres diat eon- 
fession is not free from danger, as it is anfortonatdy too 
tme, that coofesson, have, more than once, by asking 
imprudent and indiscreet questions, sown fatal seeds in 
innocent bosoms. Howerer this may be, it most be ma- 
nifest, that a rdigion which inculcates that thoughts and 
words are as sinful as actions, must haie great influence in 
contrdHng the mind and senses. There are few enlight- 
ened individuals who can deny that thoi^ts precede 
words, and words actionsj, or that improper thoughts are 
alwajTs followed by improper words or actions. Hence 
the Roman Catholic Church hMa it sinful to entertain 
thoughts, desires, wishes, delists, words, songs, consents, 
and actions, contrary to modesty and diasdty — to attend 
balls, theatres, or other asseml^es vdudi expose to the 
offence of the Deity; to dress in an immodest manner, to 
dance indecendy, to inspect dishonest drawings, prints;, 
or statues, to possess, or to read immodest works;, to be 
guilty of excess in drink, which leads to those of a licen- 
tious description, as immodest kisses, toudies, impure 
thoughts, deliberate desire, consent, wilful delight, oom- 
p]|u»ncy, as all these expose to fornication, adultery, efie- 
minancy, and abominable offences. Matt. v. 27« 88; 



CAUSES OF YENlfiBEAL EXCESSES. 393 

1 Cor. viL 37, 38 ; 1 Tim. v. 5 ; Col. vi. 5 ; 1 Cor. vi. 9 ; 
Gen. ii. 22. 24 ; Matt xix. 6 ; Ephes. v. 31, 32 ; Col. iii. 
18, 19; Ephes. iv. 22, 23; 1 Cor. vii. 3, 4; (vide 
ante, p. 266.) 

The next fears which restrain persons from committing 
venereal excesses are those of disease and death. The 
work of Tissot has had a most powerful effect in exciting 
such ftars. Its perusal has deterred many, and thrown 
others into absolute despair, while some considered it 
wholly fictitious. Halle, Montegre, Friedlander and others 
considered it too frightfuL It has, however, done a vast 
deal of good in a variety of cases, and deterred many per- 
sons from indtilging^ in vicious habits. It is, perhaps, in 
some degree, an exaggerated production, upon the whole, 
as the author should have emphatically stated, that the 
majority of masturbators, whose vices are not excessive, 
are not affected with the numerous diseases described by 
him. It is a fact, that there are scarcely two individuals 
affected exactly alike, and most persons are perfectly cured 
in three or four months after they have renounced their 
fatal errors. The terror inspired on this head by adver- 
tising and rapacious empirics makes a host of dupes, whose 
purses are speedily emptied by unprincipled knaves who 
profess to effect cures — (vide ante, p. 8.) Every well 
informed medical practitioner, is in most cases, according 
to my experience, justified in assuring his patient, that 
there is a certainty of disease if he continues to commit 
vice, and of cure, if he avoids it. This opinion applies to 
niost persons from the age of fifteen to the age of forty 
years ; but there are many exceptions ; as the perusal of 
the preceding pages fully proves. The masturbator should 
break off his habit at once, and avoid all things likely to 
revive it. Distraction by business, travelling, abstruse 
study in moderation, and having the care of an establish- 



394 CAUSES OF VENEREAL BXCBSBBS. 

ment, and all pursuits which give the mind a new direction, 
will fulfill this indication. 

In fine, there is no medicine which possesses the power 
of restoring all persons to health, and no medical practi- 
tioner of education, or of experience, can assert the contrary. 
It is advertising quacks, who style themselves surgeons, 
who commit this gross fraud upon the puhlic. Every one 
will admit, on reflection, that there are different constitu- 
tions, different degrees of diseases, and different remedies; 
mille mali species, mille salutis erant As the most com- 
moB predisposing causes of mastarhation are idleness and 
isolation, or heing left alone, the hest correctives are activity 
and attention to husiness. If the person he liahle every 
instant to he detected in an unmanly vice, exposed to 
shame, or to correction, he must abstain. Young persons 
suspected of this vice, should he watched when taking off 
their dodies, as on going to bed, to a bath, or to the water- 
doset. Separate dormitories and cells^ in schools uid 
collies, lead to the commission of the vice under consi- 
deration. In all well regulated institutions of this kind, 
there are dormitories, L'ghted by a lamp sufficient to per- 
mit surveillance, but not to prevent sleep. The masters, 
or ushers, should make silent visits during the night 
The most perfect silence ought to be enforced, for talking, 
or whatever prevents sleep, favours the commission of 
masturbation. In fine, young persons should not remain 
in bed, unless when asleep. '' Iniquity is often meditated 
and practised in one's bed, Ps. xxxv." In many of the 
colleges, prisons, &c., the water-dosets and privies are 
overlooked from the top, so that an inspector may see 
what is passing in them. 

Various mechanical contrivances, as bandages, waistcoats, 
drawers, &c., &c., are employed occasionally to restrain 
persons from committing self-abuse^ and these are lome- 



TREATMENT OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 395 

times useful^ when the intellect and mind are impaired, as 
in cases of children and insane persons, as well as when 
all impure thoughts are suppressed. But they are per- 
fectly useless in cases of adults, unless the mind be 
restrained from thinking on amourous subjects. Remark- 
aUe cases have fallen under my own observation ; and I 
shall give only one. 

A gentleman aged forty years allowed his whole thoughts 
to dwell on the function of generation. He could not look 
on one of the other sex, without having a seminal emission, 
and this occuned eight and ten times a day. He had con- 
sulted many of the most eminent surgeons of this metror 
polls, all of whom advised him to marry. He also requested 
my advice and opinion, and that I would inform him, 
where he might procure some of the mechanical contri- 
vances above alluded to. My reply was, that he was 
perfectly insane on the function of generation, and that 
unless he controlled and restrained his thoughts on the 
subject, there was no remedy for him but marriage. My 
letter made a deep impression on him, he used the reme-' 
dies prescribed to allay the sensibility of the sexual organs ; 
and in three weeks he was completely restored to health. 
He had been ten years affected. 

TREATMENT OF DISEASES INDUCED BY VENEREAL 

EXCESSES. 

The indications of treatment of diseases caused by 
venereal excesses, are to improve and restore the general 
health, and to arrest or remove the local affection. 

The best remedies for the restoration of health are 
aperients, tonics, chalybeates, strychnia, quina, bitters. Sec, 

Many narcotic, or sedative substances are absolutely 
necessary to allay unpleasant spasmodic, and painful 
sensations ; as opium, belladonna, hyoscyamus, morphia. 



396 TREATMENT OP VENEREAL EXCESSES. 

&c. These are highly serviceable, either combined with 
some of the above remedies, or exhibited occasionally, or 
at bed time by themselves. This class of medicines judi- 
ciously employed, will generally prevent certain kinds of 
nocturnal emissions, but as they confine the bowels, mild 
aperients will be necessary during their employment. John 
Hunter found tincture of opium exhibited every night at 
bed time, the best remedy for impotence depending on 
mental fear, and also to prevent nocturnal emissions. I 
prefer morphia, or the sedative solution of opium, which 
has a more purely anodyne effect, and is much more 
successful. But as the continued use of sedatives for 
days or weeks impairs digestion, and confines the boweb, 
tonics and aperients must be administered with thenu 
Thus we prescribe the latter three or four times in the 
course of the day, and the former at bed time, every night, 
every second night, and so on, according to the state of 
the case. I have fully described the best means of 
improving digestion, and consequently the general health, 
in another work— ( The Physicians' Fademecum), to which 
I must refer the reader, as also for the treatment of hypo- 
chondriasis, hysteria, epilepsy, melancholy, mania, and 
various other disorders and diseases induced by venereal 
abuses, and already mentioned in these pages — (see chap, 
vii., p. 29 L) 

To fulfill the second indication, or to alleviate or remove 
local complaints, a great variety of remedies must be 
employed, according to the seat and nature of the affection. 
Thus amaurosis, deafness, loss of taste, smell, or toudi, 
partial or general convulsions, palsy, spasms, &c., wiU 
require different and opposite remedies, which are folly 
described in the work to which I have just referred. I 
again repeat that no single nostrum or medicine can remove 
them. Many medicines have a direct influence on the 
genital organs, as phosphoric add, extract of nux vomict« 



TREATMENT OF VENTEBEAL EXCESSES. 397 

strychnia^ copaiba, cubebs^ buchu, the turpentines^ can- 
diaridis^ parlera^ ergota, &c., but these must be admi* 
nistered with the proper caution^ and only by qualified 
practitioners. It often happens, that, some of them not (Nily 
do more harm than good, but excite diseases which may 
destroy the genital function, and even life itself. 

It is to be remembered, that diurnal and nocturnal 
pollutions, whether voluntary or involuntary, as well as 
sudden and premature emissions, arise from an irritation 
or inflammation of the seminal vesicles, and chiefly from 
the latter according to the observations of M. Lallemand 
of Montpellier, and M. Da villa of Madrid. According to 
these authors, and I fully agree with them, in certain cases, 
involuntary spermatorrhea, or pollution in a chronic catarrh 
of the mucous lining of the seminal receptacles. According 
to this conclusion, cold applications to the sexual organs 
and small of the back are indicated, and aflbrd much relief. 
Cold water, cold lotions, ice, or ice water, are applied with 
a sponge or pieces of linen, or ice is inclosed in a bladder. 
Care must be taken, especially in aged and broken down 
constitutions, not to apply cold or freezing lotions or ice 
too long, as gangrene might be produced. Washing or 
afi^on every morning with half a pint of cold or tepid 
water, and a table spoonful of table salt, or wine glassfull 
of vinegar, of the genitals is a valuable remedy. Hip 
baths of common or salt water are also highly beneficial. 
Injections of cold or tepid water into the lower bowel are 
strongly advised by Lallemand and DaviUa ; and they are 
often productive of benefit as I can attest from numerous 
cases, on account of the contiguity of the seminal recepta- 
cles, on the inferior surface of the bladder to the rectum 
or lower bowel. In addition to these means, an opiate, 
or a belladonna, hemlock, or henbane plaster, ought to be 
applied to the loins. 

When the general and local remedies now enumerated 



398 TREATMENT OP VENEREAL EXCEflGBBS. 

fail to afford relief, recource must be had to simjde or 
caustic bougies, which ought to be applied to the urethra, 
near the neck of the bladder, and orifices of the seminal 
ducts. M. Lallemand has also had patients, who after 
the passage of needles into the perineum, or space between 
the scrotum and anus, had no pollutions for three or four 
months. I have observed much benefit from the use of 
the ointment liniment, or plaster of belladonna, opium, 
hemlock, &c, to the same part; and in some obstinate 
cases, a blister dressed with savin cerate, effected a cure. 
I have already stated, that phrenolc^cal practitionen 
apply their remedies near the cerebellum, and to the spine 
— <8ee p. 358). I have also tried this plan, with little, 
and generally without any benefit 

When all means fail, recourse is had to mechanical 
contrivances. Wender, Serrurier, and others have com- 
pressed the penis and urethra by mechanical means, but 
these cannot effect a cure, though they may awake the 
patient as soon as erection occurs, and thus enalde him to 
esert his mind against amorous ideas. I have known such 
contrivances succeed in different cases. Leeches, and cold 
applications applied to the lumbar spine, followed by 
counter irritation with antimonial ointment or plaster, or 
mustard cataplasms are often beneficial ; when, in addition 
to the local symptoms, there are unpleasant sensations, 
spasms, or paralysis of one or both inferior extremities, 
strychnia in the smallest doses, will sometimes excite 
universal spasms in such cases; and its effects may continue 
for several days. Galvanism and electricity are useful in 
some cases. 

The diet and regimen for persons enfeebled by venereal 
abuses, are the same as under other circumstances. As a 
general rule, every aliment difficult of digestion oug^t to 
be avoided. Those aliments which afford most nourish- 
ment, and produce less excitement, are to be preferred. 



TREATMENT OF VENEREAL EXCESSES. 399 

Thus spiced or seasoned foods are excitant without being 
nutricious, and are therefore improper. Beef^ mutton^ 
fowl^ lamb^ veal^ roast or broiled, are preferable to boiled ; 
milk, eggs, fresh fish, white meats, wild fowl, are advi- 
sable. Soups should only be taken with soUd food. Bread, 
potatoe, ^and leguminous v^etables are proper articles of 
diet, but red or black pepper should be taken with the 
latter, when there is much air or gas secreted in the 
stomach or bowels. 

The patient should take food, '' little and often, at a 
time," and masticate or chew it well. Coffee, cocoa, or 
chocolate, is better than tea when there is much nervous- 
ness ; and an egg or some meat should be taken with any 
of them at breakfast. 

A glass of port, or sherry, or madeira, with a buiscuit, 
will be necessary in the middle of the day, unless the 
patient dines at an early hour ; and he may take two or 
three glasses of whatever wine best agrees with him, 
during and after dinner, though the less the better. His 
drink may be toast and water, or a small quantity of cold 
brandy or sherry and water, home-brewed ale, or stout 
diluted with water. It will be advisable to remain quiet 
for an houi or two after dinner, until digestion is com- 
pleted. 

An early tea with some solid food may be taken, at least 
two or three hours before bed time. 

Suppers are generally injurious to persons labouring 

under the different degrees of indigestion, lowness of 

spirits, melancholy, or enfeebled health. 

A dose of some tonic medicine should be taken, an hour 

or half an hour before each repast. 

Seven or eight hours sleep will be necessary in most 

cases, and the individual should repose on the right side, 

so as to facilitate the passage of the contents of the stomach. 

Exercise on foot, in a carriage, and sometimes on horse- 



400 TREATMENT OF YENEBEAL EXCESSES. 

back^ unless genital irritation is produced^ will be necessary, 
The use of the flesh brush, sponging the body with tepid 
or cold water, or mixed with vinegar, the shower bath, 
tepid or cold, the common or salt water, or artificial saline 
baths are valuable adjuvants. Residence in a fine dry 
air, and in the coimtry, or near the sea coast, or at some 
suitable watering place, has a beneficial influence on 
the general health, as well as on digestion, and all the 
functions. 



401 



CHAPTER IX, 

SPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES — SYPHILOORAPHY-^HISTORT 
OF THE SYMPTOMS OF THE VENEREAL DISEASE. 

The destructive effects of the venereal disease are now 
80 generally known^ that it would be unnecessary to 
describe them minutely, were it not that many persons, 
even as yet, do not duly estimate the full extent of their 
direful consequences on health, reproduction, and longevity. 
An extensive observation in different institutions, esta- 
blished for the cure of venereal diseases, as well as consi^ 
derable private practice, has enabled me to study the 
various forms of these formidable maladies, during the 
last twenty years. It is, however, foreign to my present , 
purpose to give a minute account of all the ravages of 
these disgusting and malignant con^iplaints ; and I only 
propose to confine myself to 9 few general remarks on 
their primary and constitutional effects on the human 
body, at the different periods of life. 

Primary symptoms, — The first appearance of syphilis 
is a small vesicle on the glans, prepuce* or other part of the 
penis of the male, or on the labia, vagina, or uterus, of the 
female, and this |s termed a chancre, Plate IQ. It arises 
from the application of the syphilitic vir^s, on a 4elicate 
surface, from which it is speedily absorbed in the same 
manner as the virus of a rabid animal, the yirus of small- 
pox, or of vaccination, is conveyed into the body. The 
whole system becomes sooner or laier infecyted, and a vast 
number of diseases are developed. Amongst these are 
buboes or venereal swellings of the glands of the groin, ulcer- 
ation of the throat, a vast number of x;utaneous eruptions, 

D D 



402 SPBCIAI. TENBBSAI. DISEASBB. 

which at first are genenlly of aoopper ooloor, thou^ ihej 
may assume the appearances of oniinary skin diseasffi. 
These sjrmptoms are accompanied or succeeded by pains of 
the shin and other long bones, as the arms, and even the 
bones of the head« which are greatly aggravated at ni^t, 
prevent deep, destroy the appetite, injure the geoend 
health, and are often followed by inflammation and swdling 
of some portion of the periostomi, most commonly on the 
tibia or shin, instep or back of the hand^ and this is termed 
a node. 

In many cases there is partial or total destractian by 
ulceration or sloughing of the virile member (Plate 10, 
fig. 4.), and of the female g^tals, of the soft palate, of 
the cartilages of the nose, there are warts on the g^ans 
penis, or labia pudendi, various abscesses, pustules, and 
fissures, in different parts of the body ; there are nervous, 
neuralgic, and rheumatic pains, falling off of the hair, 
phthisb or general breaking up of the constitution, and 
very frequently death closes the scene. Visioa is often 
destroyed by the form of ophthalmia, called iritis ; there are 
severe pains in the bones, enlargement, termed exostosis, 
and sometimes caries or mortification, and at other times 
brittlecess of the bones, ¥diich cause them to feictore on 
the slightest exertion. 

In gononrhcea or hlenorrhagia, or more properly con- 
tagious urethritis, there is a yeUow purulent discharge 
from the genitals (Plate 9, fig. 8), followed by sym- 
pathetic buboes, destructive gonorrhoeal ophthalmia, severe 
rheumatism, and often ulcerations of the genitals, stricture 
of the urethra, diseases of the bladder, ureters, and kidneys, 
which are often misnamed gravel or lumbago (see Plate 7.) 

The ravages of sjrj^iilis are often hideous and destiue- 
tive, and frequently incurable. In other cases, supposed 
to be cured, the disease remains latent in the constitution, 
for ten or twenty years, and is transmitted to the offiipringy 



SYPHILIS. 403 

or destroys the fcetus in the womb. In some individuals 
it causes im potency and sterility. 

How often do we observe sloughing of the affected 
organs in both sexes^ inducing infecundity^ and very fre- 
quently death itself. In some cases there is ulceration or 
sloughing of the parts between the bladder and vs^na, 
and between the latter and the rectum^ so that the urine 
or feces^ and sometimes both, are evacuated through the 
vagina, forming a most loathsome and painful disease, 
which renders cohabitation impracticable, and often leads 
to infidelity and domestic misery. I have described several 
cases of this kind in my other works, and was the first in 
this country to cure them vdthout any cutting operation, 
(see Manual of Midwifery, 1831)> They are most com- 
mon in abandoned women, though we frequently meet 
them in other classes of society. 

When the venereal contamination of either parent is 
very considerable, though not apparent, the infant will be 
bom dead, between the seventh and eighth month, in a 
state of decomposition and putrefaction. I have described 
several cases of this kind which fell under my care, in my 
Lectures on the Physical Education and Diseases of 
Infants and Children, already quoted. 

It often happens that women have six or eight infants 
in rapid succession, which are born dead and decomposed, 
between the seventh and eighth month, in consequence of 
ill-cured syphilis in the father. I was once consulted on a 
distressing case of this kind, with an eminent physician 
of Dublin, about which the greatest domestic misunder- 
standing existed on accoimt of the want of living offspring. 
I proposed that the parties should live separately for six 
or eight weeks after the lady's next confinement, during 
which period she and her husband were put under the 
influence of mercury and sarsaparilla. They again lived 

dd2 



iOi SPECIAL YBXEREAli DISEASES, 

together, a living infant was born in due time, and tiiey 
have now a large family. 

Aooording to my experience, there is no use in pre- 
scribing remedies for either husband or wife, when the 
latter is pregnant, as in such ease the infant will be bom, 
as on former occasions, dead and decomposed, between 
the seventh and eighth month. I feel convinced that the 
fcetus is contaminated at the moment of conception, not 
at the sixth month, as Mr. Abemethy inculcated, (Lec- 
tures in the Lancet), and I know, by repeated observations, 
that the ordinary remedies will fail when pregnancy has 
pccurred, Mercury, sarsaparilla, and iodate of potass 
should be used by both husband and wife for six weeks 
{iter her delivery, during which time the parties should 
live separately, 

It is also important to state that a roan who has no 
external sign of syphilis, who has been declared eured by 
bis medical attendant, and who is advised to marry, may 
pontaminate his wife and ofispring in different degrees, so 
that his infant may be born feeble, or covered about the 
genitals or mouth with a red or dark copper coloured 
eruption, qr ^his piay appear soon after birth, or the 
infant may be born dead and decomposed, as already 
stated^ 

Again, the infant may contract syphilis in passing into 
the world, by coming in contact with a venereal sore, 
^hich may cause a phancre on the lip, angle of the eye, 
f&c, and the sore op the lip will infect the nipple of a 
healthy woman, and this, again, may infect every infant 
that touches it. In fine, an infant may contract gonorr 
irhceal ophthalmia during its nativity, and have its sight 
destroyed in a few days, unless proper treatment be 
employed. 

J flight quote several ^ases of this Ignd, whigh fell 



SYPHILIS. iOb 

under my own observation^ caused by these niethods o^ 
infection. Wlien a pr^nant woman is infected with 
gonorrhoea^ the disease ought to be cured before the time 
of parturition^ or otherwise the infant will contract gonor*" 
rhoeal ophthalmia^ which may destroy its vision. I have 
known this occur in numerous instances^ although the 
woman supposed herself cured for some weeks before the 
time of her delivery^ 

It is also a fact that a man who has been cured of 
gonorrhoea for twelve or fourteen months^ and has only a 
slight gleet, or thin watery discharge from the urethra, will 
infect a healthful woman ; and such persons ought not 
to marry while the slightest discharge continues. I have 
been often consulted in cases of this kind, and have 
observed that whenever my advice was not followed di8»< 
ease was commimicated to the woman. In one case a 
gentleman affected with gleet determined to marry, as 
he expected a large fortune, I advised him to the contrary, 
but he carried his intention into effect, and diseased his 
bride. Another laboured under the same complaint twelve 
months after a supposed cure of gonorrhooa, and he also 
infected his wife. I might mention many other cases of 
this kind, which led to serious conjugal differences, and 
were highly injurious to public morals. 

The frequency of venereal complaints is much greater 
than the public imagines. It is a fact which cannot be 
disputed, that in large cities there is not, perhaps, one in 
ten male Individuals, from the age of twenty to thirty 
years, who has not been affected once or twice (see pp. 175, 
198, 199). I have been often shocked at seeing even boys 
and girls, before and at the age of puberty, presenting 
themselves with syphilis or gonorrhoea at the hospitals at 
which I attend. Here we daily observe every form of vene- 
real infection, and the most frightful inroads upon healths 

But it is almost as common in private practice, and 



406 SPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

leads to the roost distressing results* It is often con- 
cealed from the family medical attendant, and the sufferer 
applies for advice to advertising empirics, who generally 
allow the disease to destroy or poison the constitution. 
Proper advice should be bad as soon as possible, and 
medicine taken on the first appearance of disease. 

Transmission of the Venereal Virus, — ^The venereal 
virus is transmitted by absorption or inoculation, which 
occurs more or less rapidly in different persons ; in some, 
in a few hours, in others, not for some days. Hence 
ablution or washing the parts, as soon after exposure to 
the poison as possible, will often prevent infection. But 
the disease may be communicated by impure kisses, 
suckling, infected parents, absorption in the skin, excesses 
in sexual enjoyment, and the consummation of marriage. 
The direct application of a chancre, or a primary venereal 
sore, to any part of the body, to a mucous surface, such 
as the lip, the eye, the nostril, or any of the outlets of the 
body, to the nipple, or to any part where the skin is tender 
or broken, will communicate the disease. Excoriations of 
the glans penis, prepuce, and labia, are easily distinguished 
from chancres, and are merely l«cal affections which cannot 
contaminate the constitution. This dass of diseases may 
also be contracted in water-closets and privies. 

Prevention of Syphilitic Infection. — The best mode 
of preventing infection is ablution with water, or a weak 
solution of the disinfecting agents, sudi as the chloride of 
lime or soda. But when a pimple or sore is formed, 
absorption or inoculation has taken place to some extent, 
and the disease cannot be removed by ablution. 

There are /certain means used on the continent of Europe 
which prevent venereal infection and procreation, which 
are little known in this country, though I regret to state 
have lately been described in a modem medical periodical, 
and in most infamous works in circulation. 



SECONDARY SYPHILIS. 407 

As soon as a pimple or litde blister has formed, after 
an impure connexion, on any part of the genitals, it ought 
to be carefully touched with nitrate of silver, the diseased 
part destroyed, the remaining ulcer dressed with mer- 
curial ointment, and washed with the mercurial lotion, 
called '^ black wash," to insure a successful and certain 
cure. The patient should also take mercury until the teeth 
become painful on pressing them against each other, and 
until the gums become tender. Sarsaparilla properly pre- 
pared, nitric acid, and hydriodate of potass, ought likewise 
to be exhibited at the same time. 

Secondary Symptoms, — When venereal ulcers or erup- 
tions appear, after a primary sore or chancre, on any part 
of the body, as the face, throat, chest, back, thighs, &c. the 
constitution is infected, and a judicious use of mercury, 
sarsaparilla, nitric add, hydriodate of potass, and other 
appropriate means is indispensably necessary, until all 
symptoms have disappeared. 

It is very important to distinguish pseudo-syphilitic from 
real disease, which is easily done by studying the descrip- 
tion of Abemethy and others. There can be no difficulty 
in diagnosticating imaginary venereal affections of nervous 
or timid persons, and of those about the age of puberty. 

Syphilitic neuralgia, or severe pains in the head, face, 
or other parts of the body, as well as rheumatism, require 
the use of mercury and the other remedies already men- 
tioned, with strong anodyne embrocations, and the internal 
use of the sedative preparations of opium, morphia, 
or the extract of hyoscyamus and conium, cdchicum, 
veratria, &c. 

A gentleman, aged thirty-six years, of scrofulous habit, 
requested my advice under the following circumstanq^. 
He stated that he had not slept for six weeks, in conse- 
quence of severe pain in the bones of his head, arms, and 
insteps^ which becain^ iat^se in the evenings and occa- 



408 SPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

sionally at different hoars of the day. There were several 
blotches on his face^ which greatly disfigured it^ and a 
copper coloured eruption on his diest and trunk. There 
was a painful swelling on the back of the left hand and 
right instep. He stated that he had been under the care 
of two of our most distinguished surgeons, who never 
could cause mercury to affect him, and who advised him 
to take sarsaparilla, which he continued until he had 
expended a large sum in the purchase of it. The appetite 
was bad, the spirits greatly dejected, and the general health 
very much injured. His condition was rendered still 
more distressing as he had lately married, having pre- 
viously supposed himself cured of his disease. 

I ordered him scruple doses of calomd, combined with 
camphor and morphia, the hydriodate of potass, and an 
ointment of the latter, with morphia, to be applied to the 
painful tumours on the hand and instep, with a full dose 
of morphia at bed time. The painful parts were also 
rubbed with camphorated oil and morphia, twice a day. 
He felt greatly relieved from his neuralgic pains the first 
night, his mouth was afiected with the mercury on the 
ninth day, after which all his symptoms rapidly disap- 
peared, and in six weeks he looked much better than he 
had done for many years previously. 

Many practitioners are fearful of such doses of mercury, 
but those who have practised in tropical climates, more 
particularly Dr. James Johnson, assure us of thdr perfect 
safety. I have now employed them for some years past, 
without the slightest bad result, when combined as above 
advised^ and after ordinary doses had failed. For a further 
account, see my edition of The Physician s Vademecum, 
18^7, and my other works. 

A merchant, aged fifty, who had been improperly treated 
for syphilis seven years before his application to me, com- 
plained of severe periodical pain in the middle of the left 



SECONDARY SYMPTOMS. 409 

shin bone, which became so excruciating at times as to 
deprive him of sleep for several successive nights. There 
was no redness or swelling of the painful part. He had 
been salivated ten times by one of our most eminent sur- 
geons, without relief; and who finally, as first suggested by 
Mr. Crampton, Surgeon-General for Ireland, proposed to 
lay the part open, to which the patient would not consent. 
I ordered him the hydriodate of potass in combination with 
the acetate of morphia, and an ointment of the iodnret of 
lead, with morphia, to be applied night and morning to 
the afiected part. He continued this plan for a fortnight, 
when he was free from pain, and in a month he considered 
himself cured. It is now one year and nine months since 
his recovery, and he has had no return of his disease. His 
sufferings were so great at one time, that fears were enter- 
tained by his relations that he might commit suicide. 

Both these patients had nodes, as well as most severe 
neuralgia; and I may confidently state the treatment 
employed will often afibrd relief even in venereal exostosis 
or enlargement of the difierent bones. 

Venereal Eruptions, — Every form of eruption of the 
skin may be simulated by venereal diseases, as first graphi- 
cally described by Mr. Carmichael, of Dublin, and sub- 
sequently, most accurately delineated by M. Rayer, in his 
splendid work on Diseases of the Skin. Some of these 
produce the greatest deformity of the face, nose, and even 
destroy the soft parts, as the palate, genital organs, &c., 
and difierent parts of the body ; they require the use of 
mercury, sarsaparilla, iodate of potass, &c 

Alopecia or Baldness, is sometimes caused by syphilis, 
and is an incurable disease. 

Osteocope, or intense pain in the bones, is also induced 
by venereal disease; and it is often accompanied by severe 
headache. The treatment is the same as in the last form 
of the disease. 



410 SPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

EscreMcenceM and UiceraHons of the genitals^ aboat the 
anus and adjacent parts, and even sloughing, must be in- 
cluded in the effects of this horrible complaint. 

It would occupy a large volume to describe the difierent 
forms of syphilis, and far exceed the limits of a work of 
this description. Those who wish for the fullest informs; 
tion on this subject, will find it in the excellent work 
of Mr. Carmichael, and the smaller one of Mr. Wallace, 
both recently published. Enough has been stated, in the 
bare enumeration of the effects and ravages of this horrible 
disease, to caution all persons capable of reflection agains^ 
exposing themselves to its dangerous and most distressing 
consequences. I shall merely add the conclusions of Mr. 
Carmichael on these diseases. 

Mr. Carmichael was appointed surgeon to the West- 
moreland Lock Hospital of Dublin in 1810 ; about which 
time, Mr. Abemethy's work on Pseudo-Syphilitic Dis- 
eases appeared, which made the strongest impression on 
bis mind. He did not agree with Mr. A., that the symp- 
toms being the same, the diseases could be different He 
therefore determined to ascertain, by careful observation, 
on the extensive opportunities afforded him. He treated 
all without mercury, which did not correspond with 
Hunter's description, and the result exceeded his warmest 
expectations. It proved that venereal disease would not 
proceed until it destroyed the patient, unless mercury was 
given ; but that the majority of cases could be cured in a 
much shorter period than is usually effected by merciyy. 
He delivered these conclusions to a large number of stu- 
dents and practitioners, in a course of lectures, which 
commenced on the 29th of March, 1813; and proposed 
the same doctrines in the first edition of his work on 
Venereal Diseases, published in 1614. This work was 
dedicated to Sir James M'Gregor, Bart., who recommended 
it to all army surgeons in every part of the Globe. Ifr. 



TREATMENT OF VENEREAL DISEASES. 411 

Carmichael is therefore entitled to the great merit of being 
the first who set practitioners right as to the use or non- 
use of mercury in venereal complaints. 

Mr. Carmichael rejects mercury in all forms and stages 
of venereal complaints, except true syphilis, characterised 
by the Hunterian chancre, and the scaly eruption from 
the commencement, as indicating the secondary or consti- 
tutional affection. He does not use it for excoriations or 
spurious chancres, followed by papular eruption, rupia, 
tubercles, iSte., which are nine-tenths of the cases now ob- 
served, which most readily and speedily yield to the use of 
the iodate of potass, and the decoction of sarsaparilla, made 
with lime-water and combined opium* Mercury is ako bad 
in phagadena, which is best arrested by the application of 
the muriate of antimony, a saturated solution of the bi- 
chloride of mercury in alcohol, or of nitrate of silver in 
distilled water, — See Dublin Journ, of Medical Science, 
No. XXX vii.; March 1838; voL 13. 

It is very remarkable, that Dr. Colles, who is one of our 
most experienced and justly celebrated surgeons, should, 
in his recent work on the Venereal Disease ( 1 837), advo- 
cate the old system of practice, notwithstanding the more 
generally received conclusions of Mr. CarmichaeL I must, 
however, agree in opinion with the latter distinguished 
surgeon ; and also observe, that sjrphilis is now much less 
formidable in its results than it was twenty years since ; 
but nevertheless, that it should be eradicated in all cases, 
if possible, by some plan of treatment or another. 



418 



CHAPTER X. 

URETHRITIS—BLENORRHAeiA— flOKOIUfcH<BA. 

This disease is an inflammatjon of theuedira, in either 
sex, characterised by heat, redness, btuning pain on era- 
coating the urine, and slight swelling of the aflfected part, 
with a discharge of a ydiowish matter, which stains the 
linen ydlow, or of a greenish-yeDow ooloiur. The dif- 
£erenoe in the stmctore of the organs adjacent to the in- 
flamed part, and the difference of the lengtii of the orethra, 
in both sexes^ give rise to yarioos symptoms, which it is 
necessary to study (See Plates 1—8). 

Urethritis in Man» — ^A longer or shorter time after an 
impure connexion, as three, six, ten, or fifteen days, die 
patient experiences a sense of heat or itdiing in the orifice 
of the urethra, which at first is more agreeable than pain- 
ful, but which, in a day or two, becomes intolerable^ and 
especially on voiding the urine. There is redness at die 
orifice of the canal, which may extend along the whde of 
the tube to the bladder, so that the inflammation may be 
partial or generaL The stream of urine is now obsored 
to be changed in appearance, it is diminished in size, bi- 
furcated or forked, or the urine is passed in small quanti- 
ties, and sometimes even in drops. A slight whitish or 
greenish dischai^e is now perceived to issue from die 
urethra, and there are strong painful erections of the penis 
at night, soon after the patient becomes warm in bed. 
About the third, fourth, or fifth day from the commence- 
ment of the disease, all the symptoms become aggravated, 
there may be pains in the groins, along the spermadc 
cords, in the testis, scrotum, and under this part, which 



OONORRHCBA. 413 

are increased on evacuating the bladder or bowels. The 
discharge now becomes abundant, the linen is deeply 
stained^ there is a frequent desire to pass the urine, ac- 
companied by severe burning pain, the stream of urine is 
more or less altered, the glans penis becomes swollen, the 
testicles are painful, there is pain and sense of weight in 
the perineum, which prevents the sufferer from walking, 
and often renders him very grotesque. The erections of 
the penis are now constant, especially at night, and so 
painful, that the organ may be curved from above down- 
wards, constituting a chordee. The pain es^tends to the 
testicles, which become so sensdtive^ as to require to be 
supported with a suspensory bandage, or that the sufferer 
should repose on his back, and support them with a hand- 
kerchief (See Plate 1. €g. 1 ; Plate 9). 

In some nervous and aged subjects, the whole of the 
genito-urinary organs sympathise with the inflamed ure- 
thra, there are pains at the neck of the bladder; this last 
organ becomes irritable, or inflamed, as well as the urethra 
and kidneys, forming a dangerous, and sometimes, a fatal 
complication of diseases (See Plate 7), 

When the symptoms are intense, the pain is transfened 
from the urethra to one or both testicles, which become 
extremely painful, swollen, and inflamed; and, in such 
cases, the urethral discharge generally ceases, or is very 
much diminished. When the testicles are inflamed, they 
may suppurate or become disorganised, and then lose their 
function of secreting, when incurable sterility may be the 
result. (See Plate 8.) Sir Astley Cooper has ably de- 
scribed diseases of the testicle, in an original work, and 
greatly improved this part of pathology. The diseases 
now mentioned, are of frequent occurrence, and demand 
great attention. 

In the greatest numb^ of cases, the inflammatory 
symptoms begin to Ip^ their in^eusit^ from th^ twelfth 



414 SPECIAL •TXKEAEAL DISEASES. 

to the twentieth day after the commencement of the dis- 
ease. The scalding, in passing nrine^ diminishes, die 
painful erections occur more rarely, and without cionn- 
ture of the penis, the discharge becomes thicker, less abim- 
dant, and entirely ceases about the thirtieth or fortieth 
day, or a small quantity of thin mucus is evacuated in 
the morning on waking, or on emptying the Uadder, for 
some weeks after the cure. The disease offers great ▼&- 
liety in the intensity of its symptoms, according to the 
habit of the patient, and to the mode of complication and 
treatment It is most severe, and extremely painfnl, when 
it occurs for the first time, though there are cases in which 
the pain is trifling, and particularly after former attacks of 
the disease. 

Wlien the mucous covering of the glans penis and 
inner surface of the prepuce become inflamed, the disease 
is termed balanitis, or spurious gonorrhcea. It may be 
slight or severe, and induce phymosis, or paraphyroosis, 
and these, if neglected or mismanaged, may be followed 
by sloughing of a part or the whole of l^e penis. (See 
Plate 10. fig. 2—4.) There may be a sense of heat or 
soreness in some part of the urethra, about the neck of the 
bladder, or in one or both kidneya, for wedcs or months 
after the acute symptoms have disappeared^ when the pt- 
tient thinks himself cured. 

Urethritis — Oonorrhcsa in Women, — The urethra is 
much shorter and more cqiacious in females than in the 
other sex, and hence, the inflammatory symptoms are less 
violent, although the disease is of longer duration, extmds 
to the external genitals and the vagina, thus afiecting a 
much greater surface than in man. When these parts 
are acutely inflamed, sexual intercourse is performed with 
pain and difficulty, and sometimes becomes intoleraUe; 
but when the disease is dironic^ there is little or no iDOOD- 
venience. 



QONORRHOIA. 415 

The discharge is yery ahundant, and sometimes comes 
in contact with the extremity of the rectum, which it in- 
flames, and the mucous membrane of this part affords a 
whitish or purulent secretion. When the mucous lining 
of the rectum is inflamed, there will be heat and pain in 
the part, which are gready aggravated on evacuating the 
bowels, and the stools will be mixed with mucus or yellow 
matter, and sometimes with blood. 

When the mucous membrane of the vagina is irritated 
by other causes, it secretes abundandy, there will be a 
whitish or yellowish dischai^e, termed " whites," or lea- 
corrhoea ; and the worst form of this disease may commu- 
nicate a slight discharge to the male, which is not conta- 
gious urethritis, as lately maintained by Mr. Travers. In 
such cases, there is only a slight urethral discharge in the 
male, unaccompanied by pain or the other symptoms of 
blenorrhagia or gonorrhoea, which generally disappears in 
a few days without any treatment. 

The purulent form of leucorrhoea, may cause purulent 
ophthalmia, by coming in contact with the eyes of an infant, 
in passing into the world ; but this will be much milder 
than the disease caused by contagious urethritis, or go- 
norrhoea. These facts point out the necessity of curing 
both these diseases, during pregnancy, and before the 
time of parturition. 

I might narrate the histories of numerous cases in which 
the sight of the new-bom infants was destroyed by opaci- 
ties of the cornea or pearls, as they are popularly desig- 
nated, induced by leucorrhoeal or gonorrhoeal discharge of 
the parent. It is, however, fortunate that many such 
cases admit of cure. 

The urethra and vaginal discharge is so acrid in some 
cases as to excoriate the labia, and to give rise to excre- 
sences or vegetations, which may be succeeded by ulcera- 
tion or^sloughing of the affected part 



416 gPBCIAIi VENSEBAL DISEASES. 

Sympathetic baboes or ailargements of the ^tajidn, in 
one or both groins^ are common consequences of severe 
urethritis; but they are easily removed by confinement to 
bed or sofa, cold lotions^ leeches, and when they become 
dironic, by iodine. They are of little consequoioe in 
either sex^ when there is no chancre, ulcer, <»* excoriation, 
on the genitals; but when there is, the buboes are yeoe- 
real, and require the use of mercury and other remedies 
f(»- their cure. Buboes are often very obstinate in scrofu- 
lous subjects, and may require weeks or months for thdr 
removal. They prevent the patient from walking or taking 
exercise, while they seriously iigure the general health, 
and excite latent diseases in the lungs, liver, or any part 
adready predisposed to them. They are generally removed 
l^cold lotions and iodine ; but should they become red 
and inflamed, leeches, cold lotions, fomentations, poultices, 
and the usual antiphlogistic measures wiU be necessary. 

I found great advantage from pressure, caused by ban- 
dages, in several cases, in the hospital of the 66th Regi- 
ment of Infantry, when I had the care of it, and on many 
subsequent occasions. 

Phymosis and ParaphymoHs^ — ^When the prepuce is 
inflamed and swollen and cannot be drawn bdiind the 
g^ns penis, the disease is termed phymosis (see Pkite 9. 
fig. 3) ; and when this part has been drawn oar forced 
above and behind the glans, and cannot be drawn over it, 
the disease is called paraphymosis (See Plate 9. iig' 
1, 2, 3, 4), In either disease there is danger of inflamma- 
tion, sloughing, and more or less destruction of the penis. 

In cases of phymosis, when the glans cannot be tm- 
cov^ed, the internal membrane of the prepuce becomes 
inflamed from the accumulation of the natural secretion, 
or from the acrid matter of chancres, or urethritis, and an 
artificial opening may be caused by ulceration (See 
Plate 10. fig, 2), 



PHYMOSIS AND PARAPHYMOSIS. 41? 

In such cases it is necessary to subdue inflammation^ 
and divide the prepuce by incision, in the peculiar manner 
ivhich I have proposed, and which is described in Mr. 
Cooper 8 Dictionary of Surgery. 

This operation is also necessary in natural or congenital 
phymosis, when the flow of urine is impeded ; and also in 
cases of adults, on account of the compression of the glans 
during erection, and the prevention of sexual commerce ; 
and in old persons^ when the contraction of the prepuce is 
80 small, as to obstruct the evacuation of urine after it has 
escaped from the urethra, the effect of which on the glans, 
would be irritation, inflammation, or sloughing (See 
Plate 10. flg. 8). Cases of rapid sloughing, in aged per- 
sons^ have repeatedly fallen under my care, and the penis 
was destroyed, to a greater or less extent, in a very few 
days. 

A gentleman, aged twenty-five years, was attacked with 
paraphimosis, accompanied by considerable swelling of 
the glans penis, which was three times larger than the 
natural size, and the prepuce was also very much swollen. 
He applied to an advertising empiric, who employed such 
long continued and severe pressure as to cause fainting ; 
but without reducing the parts to their natural situation. 
Intense inflammation supervened in the course of the 
afternoon, and though the usual means for its removal 
were resorted to, sloughing set in, and destroyed two 
inches of the penis within thirty-four hours from the time 
of the harsh treatment. 

Such cases of sloughing are by no means of rare occur- 
rence^ and are observed in hospitals and private practice. 
They are of daily occurrence in venereal hospitals. 

The disease may be acute or chronic. In the acute 
form, the prepuce^ which is distended with serum, ought 
to be punctured with a lancet^ or acupunture needle, to 
reduce its size; the penis should be then extended^ pres- 

E E 



418 STBCLAI* yZKEBEAli DIBBJJB& 

sore made oq the swdkn ^ms, between the thumb and 
fingersy ao as to forte the Uood into the tipoogj tiasne of 
the orethray which supplies it; and when the ^ana is le- 
dnoed to its ordinary siae, or nearly so, the prepaoe may 
be easfly drawn oTer it. Bat when this cannot be done, 
die edge of die prepoce on^t to be indaed. No prac- 
titiooer who knows the anatomy of die affected parts, will 
finrdbiy and mddy attempt to draw down the siraUen 
prepuce oTer die enUrged glans, which is a fimidesai, al- 
though most painful operation. 

In the chronic form of paraphymosis, the mode of re- 
duction will be the same as for the acute, and will be 
much less painfuL I have seen die ^ans and prepoce 
three or four times the ordinary size in diildren, yooug 
persons at the age of puberty, in adults, as wdl as persoos 
adTanced in life. In one case, a young gentleman was 
improperly treated, the enlargement became permanent, 
and he was prevented firom marrying, on account of his 
impotence, although he might have obtained a large 
fortune. 

Hernia Humor alis — Orchitis — Injlammatum of Ae 
Testicle, — This painful disease is often suddenly indueed 
by gonorrhcea or injuries (See Plate 8. €ig. 3, 4). The 
best mode of treatment consists in confinement to bed, or 
a sofa, cold lotions, repeated leeching, fomentation, and 
other antiphlogistic remedies. A suspensory bandage or 
a handkerchief, so applied as to support thea^cted organ, 
and prevent its wdght from stretching the nerves that 
supply it, will affi)rd great relief. When the acute stage 
is over, every efibrt should be made to reduce the org^ to 
its natural size, by mercurial and iodated ointments, and 
other appropriate remedies. Chronic enlargement of this 
organ may injure its secretory power, and induce sterility. 
(See Plate 8. fig. 2). 

The testicle is liable to many diseases which destroy its 



OTJSET. 419 

funcdon, and which are minutely descrihed in Sir Astley 
Cooper s splendid woik on Diseases of the Testis^ to which 
I must refer the reader. I shall only add here, that there 
may be atrophy or wasting of the testicle, induced by go- 
norrhoea, or external injury (See Plate 8. fig. 1). 

Enlargement of the Epididymis and Spermatic Cord, — 
This disease often follows inflammation of the testicle, and 
may impede the transmission of the semen to its proper 
receptacles (See Plate 8. fig. 2, b. fig. 1, 6). In the acute 
form, leeching, cold lotions, &c. are to be employed ; and 
absolute repose, mechanical support, iodated mercurial 
inunction, and proper compression, will generally effect a 
cure in the chronic form of the malady. I have lately re- 
duced two obstinate cases by this method. The subject 
of one was a military officer of rank ; that of the other, a 
country gentleman. This disease is sometimes a cause of 
sterility. 

BlenorrhoBa — Gleet, — When urethritis or gonorrhoea 
has nearly disappeared, there is often a thin, watery dis- 
charge from the urethra, which is termed gleet. It is im- 
portant to state that this is infectious, and will communi- 
cate gonorrhoea to healthful subjects. Persons affected 
with gleet ought not to marry until the disease is cured, 
or has entirely disappeared for some weeks. The disease 
may continue for weeks, or several months, in despite of 
all remedies. 

It may also be caused by stricture of the urethra, or 
disease of the prostate gland, which is situated round the 
neck of the bladder, but usually arises from slight inflam- 
mation of one or more of the numerous lacunte or folds of 
the urethra. 

It is generally cured by medicines which have a direct 
influence on mucous membranes, as the balsams, cubebs, 
ergota in small doses (see my Medico-Chirurgical Phar- 
macopoea, 1838); metallic urethral injections, bougies, 

E E :^ 



480 SPECIAL VENEBEAL DISEASES. 

cold sea-bathings local bathing o( the genitals with salt and 
water^ blisters, &c« 

Strictures of the Urethra, — Strictures of the urethra are 
caused by inflammation of some part of the mucous mem- 
brane which lines this canal, which is most frequently in- 
duced by gonorrhoea^ stimulant injections, or masturba- 
tion. The urinary passage is obstructed to a greater or 
less extent ; and in bad cases, there is most excruciating 
suffering when the patient attempts to evacuate the blad- 
der ; and it often hi^pens that he can only be relieved by 
an operation. The disease comes on so gradually, that 
most persons are not aware of its existence for a long 
time. The different situations of stricture are illustrated 
in Plate 3. fig. 1. 2. 3. 4; Plate 4. fig. 1. 2; Plate 5. 
fig. 1. 2. 

Symptoms. — The first symptom is some remarkable 
change in the stream of urine, which becomes smaller 
than natural, twisted like a corkscrew, flattened, or divided 
into two streams. The patient usually observes that he is 
obliged to make strong expulsive efforts in evacuating the 
bladder, and when he supposes he had accomplidied this, 
finds on returning his penis into his trousers, that a few 
drops of urine wet his linen. He may suffer but few other 
inconveniences for months or years, but he finds his 
symptoms gradually increase, that there is often a gleety 
discharge from the urethra, that the stream of urine be- 
comes smaller, that a longer time and more straining are 
required to evacuate the bladder, and, at length, that the 
urine only escapes drop by drop, accompanied by the most 
excruciating agony. In such cases, the urethra often 
bursts, the urine escapes into the cellular tissue of the 
perineum, excites inflammation, suppuration, and fistu- 
lous openings under the scrotum, through which the 
urine and semen are evacuated (See Plate 6. fig. 2). 

Bad stricture disqualifies for marriage, as it more or 



8TBICTUBE OF THE URETHRA. 421 

less prevents the seminal emission^ which is often forced 
backwards into the bladder^ and renders the individual 
sterile^ while the stricture is allowed to continue. I have 
been consulted in many cases of this kind^ as to the pro- 
priety of the parties entering into matrimonial epgage- 
ments, and I have known examples^ in which the most 
robust and well developed individuals abandoned the sex 
altogether, on account of stricture obstructing the semins^ 
ejaculation; and some of these persons became intemperate^ 
and died in the prime of life. Persons thus affected become 
despondent, refuse to form conjugal engagements, are not 
aware of the cause of their defects, which are easily re- 
moved in the majority of cases, and too often abandon 
themselves to dissipation and ruin. 

When the urethra bursts below the scrotum, the urine 
becomes infiltrated in the perineum, the part swells to a 
great degree, inflames, suppurates, or mortifies, and often 
destroys the patient, though a cure may be effected, even 
in such cases (See Plate 6. fig. b), 

A gentleman, aged fifty-six, consulted me on account 
of his general health, which for some time had been de- 
clining. I discovered that he had two bad strictures, and 
that these had existed for eight or ten years. I proposed 
to use bougies, to which he objected ; and I then explained 
to him the danger which attended his complaint, which 
might sooner or later cause rupture of the urethra, abscess, 
or sloughing of the perineum and scrotum, and perhaps, 
destroy him. He promised in some months to submit to 
proper treatment, and I lost sight of him. About four 
months from the time he first consulted me, I was re- 
quested to visit him, as it was supposed he was dying. I 
learned that he had been to Leeds on business, and being 
a great admirer of architecture, he passed some hoiu^ in 
admiring the interior of some of the pubUc buildings in 
that town. He stood on stone floors for several hours^ 



* 492 SPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

and founds on attempting to evacuate the bladder, that he 
could not do so. His pain was excessive, the uredira 
burst, the perineum and scrotum inflamed, and were 
swollen to a great size, and of a dark colour. 

He remained in this state for eight days, until he ar- 
rived in town, when I saw him. He was very despondent 
at my having described his condition so long before ; his 
appetite was gone, and his pulse very feeble. In a few 
days the scrotum sloughed, and the testicle was partially 
exposed. It was necessary to make an opening in the pe- 
rineum, and notwithstanding his unfavouraUe symptoms 
and great debility, he gradually recovered, and in due 
time allowed the use of bougies ; I dilated his urethra, so 
as to remove all his unpleasant symptoms, and to prolong 
his life for some years. 

I have already remarked, that strictures are often induced 
by unnatural excitement, and many such cases have fallen 
under my observation. This fact is not so generally 
known as it should be, and this cause is usually over- 
looked. 

The usual effects of stricture are, more or less impedi- 
ment to the passage of the urine and semen ; and in bad 
cases, the latter is often retained behind the obstructed 
part; these symptoms will vary according to the diminution 
and sensibility of the urethra. Excess at table, prolonged 
equitation, or riding on horseback, or in a carriage, im- 
moderate venery, exposure to cold and damp, and many 
other causes may induce complete retention of urine, 
which, if unrelieved, may be followed by rupture of the 
urethra or bladder, urinary infiltration of the scrotum and 
perineum, abscess, sloughing and death (see Plate 6, 
fig. 2. 6.) 

In chronic and bad cases, the prostate gland, neck of 
the bladder, ureters, and kidneys become inflamed, 
ulcerated or gangrened (see Plate 7, gravel and sUme 



8XRI0TVBB OF TAX VBETHliA. 423 

may occur^ and the remainder of life be almost intoUerable. 
(Plate 7. Plate 5, fig. 1, 2.) 

The constant straining in attempting to pass urine, in 
bad cases of stricture, impedes the respiration, causes 
determination of blood to the lungs and brain, which may 
be eventually followed by apoplexy, blindness, deafness, 
pulmonary consumption, asthma* and numerous other dis- 
eases (see accounts of these diseases.) 

In bad stricture, the prostate gland becomes irritated 
and enlarged, impedes the evacuation of the lower bowel, 
causes a sense of weight and pain about the verge of the 
anus, and frequent illusory desires to evacuate the bowels 
(see Plate 5, fig. 2 a, Plate 6, fig. 1 a), the urine becomes 
turbid, thick and glary, or muddy like the grounds of 
beer, depositing long glutinous filaments, sometimes 
resembling jelly, and so tenaceous as to be quite adherent 
to the bottom of the vesseL These may be several inches 
in length, and are principally observed when the last por- 
tion of the urine is evacuated, or after the fluid has cooled, 
They are generally secreted by the prostate, and according 
to some, by the mucous surface of the bladder. 

According as the obstruction to the flow of urine, or in 
other words, the stricture increases, the parts behind it 
dilate, and the neck of the bladder offers but a feeble 
resistance to the urine (see Plate 6^ fig. 2) ; in fine, the 
urine is only retained by the stricture, which performs 
the function of the bladder, and allows the fluid to escape, 
drop by drop. It is easy to conceive in such a case, that 
the continual contact of the urine with the mucous lining 
of the urethra, will cause irritation, inflammation, ulcera- 
tion, fungosities, and that the urine will be turbid, glary, 
mixed with matter and sometimes with blood, more espe- 
cially after the use of bougies or catheters (see Plate 6, 

fig. 2). 
In other cases there is suppuration or total destruction 



i$4 8PBCLAL TEXKKBAL IK 



of the prosttte ^and ; the uriiie is pumlenl end bloody, 
and only a small portioa of the gland can be fAt dirong^ 
the rectom. In all cases where the disease has oontimied 
for a kmg time, and when the mine is purulent and passed 
in drops, or widi great difficulty and straining, and when 
the prostate cannot be fdt throng the rectam, there is 
reason to condnde that it has sappnrated, and is completely 
destroyed. In such cases there will be great danger of 
making a false passage on intioducmg a catheter into the 
bladder, and the patient will be a truly miserable sufferer. 

Professor LaDemand, of Montpdlier, whom I hare 
already quoted very freely, has thrown much light on 
this part of the subject. He states that the evil results of 
prostatic disease on the secretion and excretion of the 
sperm have not been properly examined until the present 
period (vide ante, pp, 330, 331, 332, 351). It has losoQ 
been observed that in certain cases ofbad stricture, the ure- 
thra becomes so impervious during erection, that the sperm 
cannot be ejaculated, and escapes with the urine when the 
penis is flaccid. 

It is easy to conceive, says M. Lallemand^ that the 
irritation of the mucous membrane of the prostatic portion 
extends to the gaculatory ducts and seminal vesides, and 
the proof is, the frequent engorgements of the testicle as 
a consequence of strictures. The result of irritation of &e 
ejaculatory ducts and reservoirs of the semen is, that the 
act of coition is speedily followed by ejaculation, that the 
patients have frequent nocturnal pollutions, and that in 
either case the voluptuous sensation is followed by more or 
less acute pain. At a later period, when the irritation is 
increased, the seminal emission occurs in a state of semi- 
erection, and sometimes without any kind of sensation, 
which may induce halntual discharge when the patient 
contracts the bladder or muscles of the perineum to expel 
the last drops of urine, and in the efforts to evacuate the 



STRHXrUSB OF THE URETHRA. 425 

bowels (see Spermatorrhoea). In such cases there is loss of 
appetite^ the digestion is deranged and feeble, accompanied 
by flatulency^ the spirits are greatly dejected, the body 
becomes thin, and the moral and physical states are 
greatly enfeebled. This complication is very common^ 
according to M. Lallemand^ for in thirteen cases treated by 
him, four were in this condition; and he has related 
several others in his valuable works akeady noticed. In 
such cases the nocturnal pollutions continue with the 
alteration of the tissue, and the diseases cannot be com- 
pletely cured by the destruction of the latter. For the 
mode of cure, see p. 334. 

The affection of the prostatic portion of the urethra, 
the ejaculatory canals and seminal receptacles very well 
explains the influence of strictures on the testicles (see 
Plate 5, fig. 2 ; Plate 6, fig. IX £very experienced medi- 
cal practitioner well knows that the prolonged use of a 
catheter or bougie in the bladder, inflames these glands. 
The sympathy between aU parts of the genital organs 
accounts for the suddenness with which excitation at the 
otifice of the excretory canals extends to the testicle, as we 
observe in the salivary, lachrymal and biliary ducts. It 
is, therefore, not surprising that persons affected with stric- 
ture are frequently exposed to engorgements of the testicles, 
to hydrocele, and even disease of the kidneys (see p. 354). 
It is this sympathy between all parts of the genito>urinary 
organs, which explains the rapidity of swelling of the 
testicle and of the spermatic cord in acute gonorrhoea; 
diseases which often leave incurable enlargements behind 
them (see Plate 8, fig. 2, 3 ; see pp. 344. 352). 

When stricture is of long standing, and is gradually 
increasing in size it infringes on the calibre of the urethra, 
and causes, finally, complete retention of urine (see Plate 3, 
fig. 3 ; Plate 6, fig. 2). The portion of the canal behind 
the obstruction becomes dilated and thinner, it sooner or 



426 IPBCIAI. TENEBKAL OJSBASBS. 

lator raptmct, mud a tnmoiir forms in the perineum, and 
the wine becomes infiltrated in the cdhdar tissoe of the 
perinemn^ scrotnm, and penis. In sndi case inflammation 
and saf^Ncration fiAow, and the abscess requires to be 
speedily opened. Urinary fistula usoally supervenes and 
becomes extremdy annoying to the patient, rendering his 
condition extronely disagreeable to himself and others 
(see Plate 6, fig. 2. 6.) 

The constant straining of the muscular coat of the bladder 
increases the dcTclopement of the fibres (see Plate 6, 
fig. 2, c. c), and as these do not form a continued plane, 
the mucous membrane which lines them, is partially forced 
between them at certain parts, forming a hernia (Plate 6, 
fig. 3.) The long retention of urine in the bladder allows 
its watery parts to be absorbed, learing the rest more con- 
centrated, and its action on the mucous membrane more 
powerful Hence arises a habitual irritation which gives 
rise, and increases, the mucosities in the urine, and causes 
various painful diseases 0# the bladdar. When these 
mucosities are copious they render the urine turbid, glary, 
and often extremely feetid and lodge in the bladd^, or 
in fine, become purulent. Whatever may be the appear- 
ance of this mucosity, it is easily distinguished from the 
glary, filamentary matter, like the white of egg, which is 
elastic and very adherent, and furnished by the irritated or 
inflamed prostate gland (see Plate 6, fig. 1. 6. 6. 6. ; and 
Plate 5, fig. 2, c. ) As these diseases advance, the ureters 
which convey the urine from the kidneys to the bladder, 
participate in the irritation of the bladder, and become dis- 
eased (see Plate 7, b,f.) In such cases the corresponding 
kidney is often diseased or in a state of suppuration, tfaou^ 
the other may be healthful, or very slightly affected (see 
Plate 7, a. d,) Lastly, the kidneys may become Hjm^mhH 
by strictures of the urethra, or by the morbid states of die 
prostate gland and ureters. They gradually increase in 



DISEASE OF THE PROSTATE AND KIDNEY- 427 

size^ and their tissue becomes soft, pale grey and spongy 
(see Plate 7, fig. d). These changes are indicated by pains 
in the loins, often mistaken for lumbago or rheumatism^ but 
these are dull, continued and aggravated by the retention 
of urine. One or both may be affected, and there is con- 
stant, fixed, dull, or acute pain or uneasiness along the 
ureter, testicle, and lower limb on the affected side, which 
is often severe during sexual union. These symptoms may 
also be experienced on the sudden stoppage of gonorrhoeal 
discharge, but when long continued, may terminate in 
destructive suppuration of the affected organ (see Plate 7). 

Chronic diseases of the kidneys may continue for several 
years without any urgent symptoms, more especially if the 
patient live temperately and perspire freely. It it popularly 
termed gravel or lumbago (see Plate 7). 

I have, however, known many cases in which suppura- 
tion and death took place in a few days, especially in cold 
weather. I have been frequently called in consultation on 
cases of stone in the bladder, which terminated in this 
manner in a few days (see Plate 6, fig. 2, 3). When the 
pain is constant in the region of the kidney, and is dull, 
tensive, burning or darting, and increased by the pressure 
of the fingers, or by lying on the abdomen, or on the 
opposite side, and extending to the testicle, hip, penis, and 
lower extremity, there is disease of the kidney (see Plate 7)* 
In such cases there is a necessity to empty the bladder seve- 
ral times in the course of twenty-four hours, the urine is high 
coloured and coagulates by heat or nitric acid, and there 
is also nausea, vomiting, defect or loss of appetite, and great 
mental dejection. When these symptoms are succeeded 
by cold shiverings, suppuration is about to take place. 

The anatomical characters are, intense redness of the 
substance of the kidney, one or several abscesses or ulcera- 
tions, and when mortification occurs, a livid red colour. 



iS8 gPECIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

one or more black spots, a great friability, and die odour 
of gangrene. Tbere may be abscess, stone, tamonrs, 
atropby, enlargement, and other disorganizations, not only 
in the kidney, but different diseases in the ureters, bladder, 
and prostate (see Plate 7). 

When there are flocculent bodies suspended in the uriDe, 
without falling to the bottom of the vessd, we may sus- 
pect diurnal pollutions ; and when there is a diick, raucous, 
puriform sediment on the bottom of the vessel, there is 
catarrhal inflammation of the bladder (see Plate 6, fig. 1); 
and if the sediment be glary, thready, or elastic, like the 
white of egg, adherent to the bottom of the chamber- 
utensil, the prostate is diseased (Plate 5, fig. 2. a), the ex- 
cretory canals and mucous follicles are dilated (see Plate 2), 
and if the sediment be purulent, the prostate small, soft, 
flattened, and difficulty detected, we may conclude that 
the gland has suppurated ; or if this gland be sound, it is 
probable that the purulent matter comes from the kidney. 
According to M. Lallemand, with whom I iiilly agree in 
opinion, the stricture which causes these diseases should 
be always removed as soon as possible, for this will lead to 
the cure or diminution of the concomitant affections, and 
render the existence of the patient supportable. Even in 
formidable diseases, as enormous engorgement (see Plate 6, 
^g. 1), or complete destruction of the prostate, with 
purulent matter in the urine, diurnal pollutions, and con- 
stant dull pains in the kidneys, with continued fever, a 
cure may be still accomplished. 

Affections of the bladder and prostate often induce 
hcemorrhoids. This is readily understood, when we con- 
sider that the same trunks furnish arteries and nerves to 
these parts, as well as the rectum ; piles, may therefore 
be caused by stricture of the urethra. 

Again, the violent effbrts made by patients to evacuate 



CAUSE OF STBICTURE. 429 

the bladder and bowels often cause an involuntary dis- 
charge of the feces, descent or prolapsus of the rectum, 
and different kinds of hernia, or rupture. 

Lastly^ in bad cases of stricture, complicated with dis- 
ease of the prostate (see Plate 3, fig. 2), bladder, kidneys, 
or rectum, there may be continued or intermittent fever, 
which will readily be cured on the removal of the stricture. 
I was once called to a patient who was supposed to have 
laboured under ague for ten years; — his disease was stric- 
ture. 

On examining the urethra after death, we observe that 
the mucous membrane of this canal presents, in one or 
many points of its surface, longitudinal, oblique, or circular 
folds or prominences, of greater or less extent, which 
diminish the size of the canal (see Plate 3, fig. 2, 3, 4). 
The membrane is whitish, more dense than usual in the 
prominent parts, it is sometimes friable, less elastic^ and 
intimately united with the subjacent parts. In other 
cases the membrane is sound, but there are indurations 
and nodosities in the body of the penis, which press on 
and diminish the urethra ; or there may be bands in the 
interior of the urethra, which may divide it into many 
parts, or completely obliterate it, or the catheter may 
form false passages in such cases. The urethra may be 
affected with stricture or narrowing along its whole course 
or in any part of it, to the neck of the bladder (see Plate 3, 
fig. 2, 3, 4; Plate 4, fig. 1, 2). 

I have now a patient, the external orifice of whose 
urethra has been gradually closing for the last twenty 
years, and it is at present nearly impervious. He suffers 
excruciating agony on evacuating the bladder, and his 
screams are loud and long. The smallest instrument in 
use could not be passed, until the orifice was enlarged by 
incision. His life has been made comfortable, and his 
sufferings removed in three weeks. 



4ao 

There is anodier patiait of mme, whose uredtim is so 
eoDtncted that the finest cathrthfr is psased widi diffi- 
cakj. He has reftued to snbniit to proper treatment 
doiii^ the last ten jean, and has been three times at die 
jaws of death, fi!om inflammation and slon^iing of the 
saot um ; he leads a most miserable li£ey and still dfdiws 
to submit to a proper use of instnmientL , 

A gendeman, aged fiitj-six yean, a widower^ had long 
soi&red from difficulty in passing orine. AAer a debandi, 
he indulged in an impure connexion, soon after which he 
could not evacuate the bladder. Tins was followed by re- 
tention of urine, accompanied by most excruciating suf- 
fering. On attempting to pass the smallest catheter into 
the bladder, his ^ony was much increased, and it was 
found diat he had a very bad strictme near the neck of 
the Uadder, which nearly obliterated die canal of the 
urethra. Plate 6. fig. 2. represents the abscess in such a 
case. Venesection, warm baths, fomentadonsi, leeches, 
and attempted catheterism were tried in yain. The ure- 
thra burst behind the stricture, the scrotum became in- 
flamed, black, and gangrenous, the bladder was punctured, 
and a pint and a half of dark-coloured, foatid mine eTa-* 
cuated; and, in despite of all means, he died on the 
sixth day. 

m 

On examining the urethra, it was found quite imper- 
vious, by the inflamed stricture. There was also inflam- 
mation of the mucous coat of the bladder, with disease of 
the left kidney. The general appearance of the body 
otherwise indicated, good general health. 

A country gentleman, aged sixty-three years, who 
always lived very freely in every respect, was seized with 
complete retention of urine. On passing a catheter, a 
stricture was discovered about six inches from the orifice 
of the urethra, behind which was a calculus. The urethra 
burst, the scrotum inflamed and sloughed^ and I removed 



STBIOTUBE OF THE URETHBA. 431 

the stone by incisioii. The patient now experienced great 
relief, on passing about two pints of urine, almost as Uack 
as ink. In two days afterwards, another stone became 
impacted in the urethra, and the medical attendant did 
not succeed in removing it. Symptoms of collapse set in 
rapidly, and death took place on the following day. On 
inspecting the organs after death, there was found stricture 
of the urethra, enlargement of the prostate gland (see 
Plate 6), gangrene of the bladder, six small stones in the 
last orgaU) enlargement of both ureters, and disorganiza- 
tion of both kidneys. (See Plate 6. fig. 1. 2. 3. ; Plate 7). 
The subject in this case hunted a great deal, indulged to. 
excess in wine and with women, for forty years, and thus 
induced the disease which destroyed him. 

Strictures induced by unnatural indulgence are often 
cured in a few weeks. 

A merchant, aged twenty-six, applied to me in conse- 
quence of having read an account of the symptoms of 
stricture from which he suffered. He never had gonorrhoea, 
and ascribed his disease to a bad habit acquired at school : 
he was extremely nervous and low spirited. On passing a 
bougie, No. 2, I discovered a stricture three inches from 
the orifice of the urethra, another four and a half^ and the 
last at the neck of the bladder. 

The common wax bougie, No. 2, passed with diflSculty, 
but in three weeks I could use No. 10 ; and he considered 
the stream of urine as large as ever. The instrument was 
steadily enlarged for a month longer, until No. 12 was 
passed with the greatest ease. 

A solicitor, aged thirty-six, suffered from irritable stric- 
ture, induced by improper treatment of gonorrhtsa. He 
had been affected for six months. His digestion and gene- 
ral health were much impaired ; the appetite was bad, 
bowels confined, and spirits dejected ; there was listless- 



432 SPECIAL TENEBBAL DISEASES. 

ness^ with aversion to motion^ sense of fullness after taking 
food^ occasional head-ache^ and impaired vision; 

The usual remedies were employed for the improvement 
of the general healthy and a frequent use of bougies^ 
smeared with a diluted cerate of extract of belladonna, ef- 
fected a cure in seven weeks. 

A music master, aged fifty-six years, laboured under 
obstinate stricture, about five inches from the orifice of 
the urethra. He also had four urinary fistule below the 
scrotum. He experienced the greatest pain in passing urine, 
and his screams frequendy aroused his whole family from 
sleep. A surgeon of eminence had unfortunately made a 
false passage in the urethra. The general health was bad, 
the countenance sallow and dejected, the appetite much 
impaired, and the spirits so low, as to warrant the sus- 
picion that the sufferer might commit suicide. 

The repeated use of the caustic bougies, described by 
MM. Ducamp, Tarvenier, and Lallemand, dilated the 
urethra, so as to admit the passage of a gum elastic one of 
No. 5, which rendered life comfortable. In three months 
the fistulffi had completely healed, and the patient en- 
joyed better health than he had done for years previously. 

A Major, aged sixty years, of colossal stature, athletic, 
and of a sanguine temperament, had been affected with 
gonorrhoea twenty-six times; he now complains of stric- 
tures in the urethra, frequent desire to empty the bladder, 
which he accomplishes with great difficulty, accompanied 
by burning pain in the rectum, immediately before the 
evacuation of the bowels. His urine is high-coloured, 
and often mixed with a glary mucus, which is sometimes 
streaked with blood. On one occasion, he suffered from 
complete retention of urine, and there were numerous 
attempts made to pass the catheter, before the opera- 
tion was accomplished. This was followed by profuse 



STRICTURES OF THE URETHRA. 433 

bleedings according to his statement^ although the instru- 
ment was used by one of the most experienced and distin- 
guished surgeons in this Metropolis. There are now six 
strictures in the course of the urethra ; and the prostate 
gland is four times its natural size. 

This case reqmred the use of the caustic bougie, no less 
than five times during six months, before a catheter 
No. 5, could be passed into the bladder. The patient felt 
satisfied with his condition, as his health was so much 
better than for the preceding twenty years. 

I mi^t easily introduce several cases which fell under 
my own care, in exonplification of the statements made in 
the preceding volume ; but I could not do so, without, in 
some instances, giving pain to many of my patients now 
living. Enough, I think, has been written, to convince 
the most unthinking individual who may peruse these 
pages, of the evils and miseries induced by venereal abuses, 
excesses, and diseases. I have endeavoured to give an 
outline of the history of moral depravity, both at home 
and abroad, as weH as its almost innumerable and direful 
consequences ; and I have purposely quoted a vast numba: 
of distinguished medical auth(»r8 in support of my state- 
ments, occasionally adding the result of my own observa- 
tion and experience. My strenuous endeavour, and most 
anxious wish have been to diminish immorality, and crime, 
as well as disease, in this and every other country ; and I 
am perfectly regardless of the dishonest, partial, unjust, and 
venal criticisms of many of the medical revieweis, or ig- 
norant critics of this kingdom, all of whom I have re- 
peatedly castigated whilst a rival critic. They are now 
armed, and cowardly attack one unarmed, who formerly 
gave them blow for blow, when similarly circumstanced 
to themselves. These persons can never forget or forgive 
my just strictures upon their paltry productions and dis- 
honest periodicals. Hence the causes of their incessant, 

FP 



434 SFEOIAL VENEREAL DISEASES. 

vituperative attacks, however unmerited. Their unjust 
censures have not^ however, prevented repeated editions of 
the several standard works of mine^ which they so loudly, 
unsparingly, and unjustly abused and condemned. 

I can aver, after long observation, that a more unprin- 
cipled, ignorant, and impotent set of medical critics, with 
a few honourable exceptions, do not exist than in this 
country. They generally allow pri vate feeling, party preju- 
dice, gel/'interest^ and a variety of other bad motives, to in- 
fluence them in their reviews, criticisms, and notices of 
works. They pass over or abuse the most valuable works, 
while they, at the same time, praise and bespatter mise- 
rable productions, which speedily find their way to the 
butterman, and trunk-maker, " quas legunt cacarUes" 
How often had I, while a medical editor, justly praised 
really valuable works, which were at the same time cen- 
sured, in the severest terms, by most of my contempo^ 
raries ; and how often had I as justly censured useless 
productions, which they lauded " to the fifth heavens." 
In fact, the majority of our medical critics want the talent, 
erudition, candour, and impartiality of their contempo- 
raries in France, Grermany, Italy, and other European 
nations, as- well as in America and India; while the most 
able medical authors and critics belong to this country, 
though they are, unfortunately, fewest in number. I 
enter into these particulars to prepare the reader for the 
i^ttacks of the critics on this work. He must know, that 
every volume I produce, however useful or succe8sful,is un- 
sparingly assailed ; although the profession and the public 
induce me to continue my feeble and humble exertions for 
t|ie promotipn of (he interests of s^iepce and humanity. 



TEXT TO PLATES. 



PLATE I. 

Fio. 1,— a. The Penis^ composed of two cyfindiical bodies 
(corpora cavernosa), the pnncipal seat of erection^ 
and a spongy substance (corpus spongiosum), which 
surrounds the urethra, destined for the transmis- 
sion of the semen and urine, with blood-vessels and 
nerves, all these parts being connected together, 
and surrounded by a dense, sinewy substance, termed 
superficial fascia, and the common integuments. 
The corpora cavernosa, are oblong bodies, from seven 
to nine inches in length, united to each other in 
the mesial Une, forming the body of the penis, and 
contain several arteries derived from the pudic, as 
well as numerous veins. Each corpus cavemo- 
sum, or half of the penis, commences at the ab- 
dominal extremity called cms, which is the small- 
est part, and is attached to the rami or branches of 
the bones, named ischium and pubis. Both cor- 
pora or halves unite at the symphysis or joint of 
the pubis, forming the greatest portion of the body 
of the penis, and terminate in an obtuse point, to 
which is intimately attached the glans or summit of 
the penis, which is connected with the spongy body 
of the urethra. The corpora contain numerous 
cells, which are distended with blood during erec- 
tion.-^For an account of diseases of the penis, 

ff2 



436 TEXT TO PliATES. 

see p. 354 ; the articles Syphilis^ Gonorrhcea, Stric- 
ture, &c. 
The urethra, or urinary passage, is a memhraneous 
canal, extending from the glans penis to the neck 
of the hladder, and Tarying in length and width ac- 
cording to the erect or collapsed state of the penis. 
In the former state, it is generally from seven to 
nine inches long, and its calibre about three or four 
lines. Its width is very much diminished in cases 
of stricture.--*See Plates 3, 4, 5, 6. The urethra 
is lined by mucous membrane; and is divided 
into, 1st, the prostatic portion, which is from an 
inch and a quarter to an inch and a half in length; 
2nd, the membraneous portion, which is about half 
an inch long ; 3d, the bulbous portion 6, which is 
about half an inch long ; and 4th, the spongy por- 
tion, which occupies the remainder of the length of 
the canal. — For account of diseases, see pp. 338. 
352. 354. 

c. — The Testicles,— These are of an oval form, en- 
veloped by proper tunics. — For description of their 
structure, see fig, 2. 

d, (f.— The deferent canals, or seminal excretory ducts, 
which convey the seminal fluid secreted by the 
testicles, to the seminal vesicles or reservoirs, e. 

/. — The ejaculatory duct of the seminal vesicle, opening 
into the prostatic portion of the urethra, through 
which the seminal fluid passes into the urethra, 
during its emission.<^For an account of the dis- 
eases of these canals, see pp. 344. 341. 

g, — The Prostate Gland, composed of numerous fol- 
licles (see p. 332), with minute ducts, which unite 
to form larger tubes, the mouths of which, ten or 
twelve in number, open on the under surface of the 
urethra^ on either side of the central prominence. 



TEXT TO PLATES. 437 

temied veru-^montannm. — See Plate 9. c c. This 
gland secretes profusely, its fluid is mixed with the 
semen, when discharged into this portion of the 
urethra ; and when it is supplied very abundantly, 
escapes from the urethra, and is often mistaken 
for spermatorrhoea or seminal weakness.— See pp. 
332—351. 

A. — Cowper's Glands^ are two small oblong, round bo- 
dies, situated anterior to the prostate, and hence 
termed anti-prostatic, by some anatomists. The 
duct of each gland is about an inch in lengdi, and 
opens into the urethra a little anterior to its bulb. 
The secretion of these glands, as well a^ that of the 
mucous membrane of the urethra, is also mixed 
with the seminal fluid during its emission, PL 2, b b, 

i. — ^The ureters or ducts, which convey the urine se- 
creted by the kidneys into the bladder. — For an 
account of the diseases of the ureters, see p. 354. 

j^ — The Urinary Bladder. — For an account of its dis- 
eases, see pp. 348 — ^352. 

A. — ^The large intestine, called rectum or lower bowel, 
closely situated to the bladder, seminal vesicles, 
and prostate gland; and often becomes sympa- 
thetically deranged by the diseases of these parts, 
and vice versa, — See pp. 327. 355. 

1. 2. 3. 4.— The blood-vessels of the penis. 
Fxo. 2. — a, ' The Bulb of the urethra, with the blood- 
vessels dividing, to form a tissue which assists in 
the erection of the penis. 

6. — The Testicle. — This organ weighs about an ounce, 
and is the size of a pigeon's egg ; it consists of a 
number of capillary tubes, named seminiferous 
ducts (tubuli seminiferffi, 1 1 %). They are very 
long and tortuous, are arranged in conical bundles, 
which are separated from each other by fibrous 



438 TEXT TO PLATES. 

bands. The union of these tubes forms another 
set^ called tubuli recti^ which are sixteen or twenty 
in number^ and ultimately form five or six^ the 
vasa efferentia^ which arrive at the head of the 
epedidymis^ and form the vasa deferens^ or excre- 
tory seminal duct 
The terminal blood-vessels ramify upon all the former 
tubes; through the coats of which^ the seminal 
fluid transudes into the tubes, from which it is 
conveyed to a bundle of tubes forming the upper 
part of the testicle, called epididymis, ?. But 
according to some anatomists, the vasa efferentia 
and vas deferens form the head and tail of the 
epididymis^ which is a single tube, situated at the 
upper part of the body of the testicle. The deferent 
canal having thus formed the epididymis by 
numerous convolutions of itself ascends 3^ with the 
spermatic vessels, and passes through the groins, 
the external abdominal rings the inguinal canals, 
and the internal abdominal rings, when it now 
separates from the spermatic vessels, and is con- 
ducted round the bladder 3. 3. 3. by the false lateral 
ligaments of the latter organ^ and deposits the 
semen in the duct of the corresponding vesicula 
semnalis. It enlarges as it advances. — Plate 2. 

4. — Here the tube approaches its fellow on the opposite 
side, and both are also joined by the two ducts of 
the seminal vesicles, their union forming the com- 
mon ejaculatory ducts, which run through the 
prostate gland, and open into the prostatic portion 
of the urethra, 5. — See also Plate 2, a. 6. c. — For 
the diseases of these parts, see pp. 345. 349. 

4. — The vesiculs seminales are two convoluted tubes^ 
about an inch and a half or two inches long, placed 
at the under surface of the bladder, each terminating 



Fi^ 1 




TEXT TO PLATES. 489 

inferiorlj by a Email duct^ which joins the deferent 
canal^ and then forms the ejaculatory ducts. — See 
Plate 2. The superior part of each seminal recep- 
tacle is a cuesac, anterior to which the ureter 
enters the bladder. — For the diseases of these parts^ 
see pp. 345. 351. The seminal vesicles or recep- 
tacles are generally supposed to contain the semen 
after its secretion until the lime of its emission. 
They also secrete a mucus which dilutes it. 

PLATE II. 

a.— The penis and urethra. 

6.— Ck)wper's glands with their ducts opening into the 
urethra. 

c. — The prostate gland^ with the mouths of its ducts. 

d. — The two ejaculatory seminal ducts, formed by those 
of the seminal receptacles and deferent canals, e e, 

e, e. — The union of the deferent canals, and ducts of the 
seminal receptacles, to form the ejaculatory seminal 
ducts, d d. 

/,/. — The vesiculae seminales, or seminal vesicles, for 
the reception of the semen from the deferent canals, 
and its retention until the time of emission. 

g,g,g.g. — The deferent canals commencing at the 
summit of the epididymis, ascending with the 
spermatic vessels and nerves into the abdominal 
rings, and proceeding to join the inferior part of 
the vescula seminalis to form the ejaculatory canal 
on each side, e e. 

h, h, — The ureters or urinary canals from the kidneys 
which enter the bladder under the summit, or on 
the inner side of the vesiculs seminales. The use 
of these tubes is to convey the urine, when secreted 
by the kidneys, into the bladder. 

i. i. — The triangular portion of the bladder between the 



440 TEXT TO PLATES. 

lower portions of the deferent canals, which is the 
most sensitive part of the organ, and the seat of 
acute pain when a stone lodges on it, more espe- 
cially after the evacuation of the urine. 

j>j*j. — The spermatic artery which supplies the testicle 
with blood for its nutrition and secretion. 

k, — ^The head of the epididymis. 

/. — The tail of the epididymis. 

971. — ^The testide. — For description of these last parts, 
see Plate 1, fig. 2 ; Plate 8, and tiie diseases. — See 
pp. 338. 352. 
The testicle secretes the semen which is conveyed 
through the epididymis and deferent canal, to the 
ducts of the seminal vesicles, and retained in these 
receptacles, in which it must remain for some hours 
or days until its thinner parts are absorbed, and it 
becomes elaborated before it is prolific. MHien 
emitted daily it is mostiy unpiolific, and its effu- 
sion highly injurious to health.-— See Masturba- 
tion, p. 2SQ, 

PLATE III. 
The object in Plates 3, 4, 5 and 6, containing eleven 
figures, is to show the natural state of the urethra, 
and that every part of it, from the external orifice 
to the neck of the bladder, may be the seat of 
stricture or obstruction (see account of Stricture), 
which may ultimately cause disease of the pros- 
tate gland, neck of the bladder, ureters and kidneys. 
—See pp. 341. 343. 350. 

Fig. 1. — a. The natural calibre of tiie urethra. 
6.---The follicles which supply the discharge at first in 
gonorrhoea. — See p. 343. 

Fio. 2. — a. A bad case of stricture, with several obstruc- 
tions. 




Tig. 2. 





ri^.2. 




TEXT TO PLATES. 441 

Fio. 2. — b. An enlarged prostate gland. 

Fie. 3. — a. Simple case of stricture. 

Fio. 4. — a. A severe case of stricture^ representing the 
distortion of a bougie while being passed through 
it For illustrations of the distortions of bougies^ 
the reader should refer to Plate 9. 

PLATE IV. 

Od— A side view of a severe stricture which nearly closes 
the canal of the urethra, while the strong efforts 
made to overcome the resistance on attempting to 
empty the bladder, have dilated the urinary pas* 
sage between the seat of the stricture and bladder. 

6.— The cavity of the bladder. 

c, — The rectum/ or lowest portion of bowel. 
Fig. 2. — a. Contraction of the muscular fibres about the 
neck of the bladder^ barely admitting the point of 
a bougie. This form of disease is common to all 
who commit venereal excesses, and most especially 
to those who are intemperate, or to others who have 
practised self-abuse. Many masturbators, who 
have not had gonorrhoea^ suffer from stricture near 
the prostate and neck of the bladder, as well as 
disease of the last named part — See p. 338. 

PLATE V. 

Fio. 1. — a. An irregular course of the urethral passage 
from an enlarged prostate gland. The internal use 
of iodate of potass, with scarification of the gland, 
or the application of nitrate of silver, may afford 
great relief. 

Fig. 2. — a. A diseased prostate gland, with very consider- 
able enlargement, nearly closing the neck of the 
bladder, (, and thereby occasioning great difficulty 
in passing the urine, and also a frequent desire to 



444 TEXT TO PLATES. 

do 80. A portion of urine always remains in the 
space behind the gland e ; this undergoes decom- 
position and acquires a peculiar and foetid odour. 
This most painful disease is very frequent in old !l 
age^ especially to those who have committed 
venereal excesses^ have had frequent attacks of \ 
gonorrhoea^ or lived very intemperately. The dis- | 
ease generally proves fatal^ though the sufferer may 
survive^ even when the gland is ulcerated for 
several weeks or months.— See p. 332. 351. 

PLATE VI. 

Fio. 1. — a. Represents an enlarged prostate gland, with a 
catheter passed through it, often the result of un- 
skilful practice, and not depressing the handle of j 
the instrument sufficiendy in passing it. The 
irritation of the prostate frequentiy causes inflam- 
mation and ulceration of the bladder^ hbh, with a ! 
thick mucuous or purulent discharge^ and also a 
painful state of the testicle, witii a frequent desire 
to void the contents of the rectum, c. — See last 
Plate ; and also pp. 332. 351. 

Fio. 2. — a. A very severe case of stricture closing the 
passage ; the urine, from pressure, has caused di- 
latation of the urethra, and an abscess which has 
burst in the perineum , h ; and from the constant 
efforts to void tiie urine, inflammation and thicken- 
ing of the coats of the bladder have been induced cc. 
d, — The situation of a stone in the bladder. 

Fio. 3.— a. A stone in the urethra, causing complete 
retention of urine, and death. 
b,—A stone which has passed through the muscular 
fibres and become firmly grasped by the coats of the 
bladder, in which position it could not be felt by 
means of an instrument. Some years since, 



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Fhg. 1. Fi^ Z- 




Fi^- d. Fi^ ■ 




TEXT TO PLATES. 445 

Mrs. Sommerville obtained a grant from Govern* 
ment for destroying the stone^ but she only gave 
relief in cases of this kind^ as after death the stone 
was detected in the manner here represented. The 
great irritation has caused much thickening of the 
bladder c c, 

PLATE VII. 

a.— A diseased kidney with its structure neaiiy d^troyed^ 
and the organ much reduced in size.— See pp. 341, 
343. 350. 

h, — A dilated pelvis or upper part of tube which conveys 
the urine from the kidney to the bladder, caused 
by the obstruction of the stone c. 

rf.— The other kidney destroyed from irritation of a 
stone e. 

/. — The urinary tube or ureter much enlarged by the 
irritation proceeding from the kidney. 

^r.— The interior of the bladder^ with thickening of its 
coats. 

h. — A stone in the prostate and neck of the bladder. 
These numerous and destructive diseases were in- 
duced by intemperance, gonorrhoea, and excess in 
venery. — For a further account of diseases of the 
kidney^ see p. 354. 

PLATE VIII, 

Fig. 1.— a. A Testicle, very much wasted from gonorrh(^a, 

contracted while young. 
h, — The Epididymis— for ever after remains large and 

hard. — See also fig, h, and p. 344. 
Fig. 2. — A hypertrophy, or enlargement of the testicle, 

and deferent seminal duct, with enlargement of 

the epididymis and from chronic inflammation. 

Seep. 343. 5. 



446 TEXT TO PLATES* 



Fio. 3. — a. Acute inflammation of the testicle^ with en- 
largement of the epididymis and spennatic cord. 

Fio. 4. — a. Acute inflammation of the internal structure 
of the testicle. 
These diseases are often caused hy gonorrhcea, and 
and very much injure the structure of the te8tiele> 
diminish its secretary power, and often causes ste- 
rility. — For farther account of diseases of the tes- 
ticles and spermatic cords^ see pp. 344. 352. 

PLATE IX. 

This plate illustrates the various impressions made hy 
strictures on wax hougies. The ohstruction will 
correspond to the depression made in the instru- 
ment. It may exist in any part of the urethra, 
from the external orifice to the neck of the Uadder. 
— See Plates 3, 4, 5. 

Strictures may occur on the under or upper Barfaoe, 
or on either side of the urethral canal ; there may 
be one or several, of different forms and dimen- 
sions ; they may he of long or short duration (see 
Chapter on Stricture) ; and they can only be cured 
by a judicious use of bougies. There is no medi- 
cine as yet discovered, which can cure them by 
being administered internally, though some sup- 
pose that the iodate of potass possesses this pro- 
perty. 

In some cases it will be necessary to continue the use 
of the bougie for several weeks or months^ whik 
other cases, a cure is effected in two or three 
months, 

PLATE X. 

Fio. 1. — a. Chancre on the glans penis. 
6.— Chancre on the inner surface of the prepuce or 



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TEXT TO PLATES. 447 

foreskin^ which partly is forced behind the glans^ 
as in fig. 4^ and is termed paraphymosis. 
Fia. 2. — a, A Gonorrhoea! discharge^ with inflammation 

of the edge of the prepuce. 
Fig. 3. — a. Phymosis ; the prepuce being so tight^ that it 
cannot be passed behind the glans penis^ in this 
case accompanied gonorhoeal discharge. 
Fio. 4.— a. Paraphymosis; the prepuce being forced behind 
the glans penis. 
The reader will find an account of the nature and 
treatment of the diseases now illustratad^ in the 
chapteis on Syphilis and Gonorrhoea. 
Fio. 5. — a. Chancre on the external surface of the pre* 
puce. 
h, — Phymosis in an aged padent, with gonorrhoea^ 
Fio. 6. — a. Ulceration of the prepuce. 

6. — Gonorrhoea! Discharge, 
Fig. 7. — a. Tubercle on the prepuce, 
h. — Excavation on falling off of the tubercle, 
c. — Ravages of the ulcer* 
Fig. 8. — a. Sloughing of the penis; wliich rapidly de- 
stroyed the whole organ to the pubes. 



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